Though proficiency with computation is highly emphasized in national mathematics standards, students with mathematics difficulty (MD) continue to struggle with computation. To learn more about the differences in computation error patterns between typically achieving students and students with MD, we assessed 478 3rd-grade students on a measure of mathematics computation. Results indicated that using the wrong operation was the most common identifiable error for all students. Students with MD...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Computation, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems, Mathematics Skills, Error...

This study used a randomized controlled trial design to investigate the ROOTS curriculum, a 50-lesson kindergarten mathematics intervention. Ten ROOTS-eligible students per classroom (n = 60) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a ROOTS five-student group, a ROOTS two-student group, and a no-treatment control group. Two primary research questions were investigated as part of this study: What was the overall impact of the treatment (the ROOTS intervention) as compared with the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis, Kindergarten, Mathematics...

In this article, we describe results of a reanalysis of two randomized studies that tested the effects of enhanced anchored instruction (EAI) on the fractions computation performance of students in special education resource rooms and inclusive mathematics classrooms. Latent class analysis and latent transition analysis classified students according to error subtypes and tracked their performance patterns. Results indicated that EAI was more effective than business as usual in reducing...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention, Resource Room Programs, Inclusion, Special...

Early number skills, comprised of both informal and formal skills, are associated with later mathematics achievement. Thus, the development of foundational early number skills is an important aspect of early mathematics instruction. This study explored relations between early number skills gains and mathematics achievement for students at risk for mathematics difficulties in a kindergarten intervention study. Results indicated strong relationships between formal number skills gains and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Tests, At Risk Students, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups, Elementary...

Although the direct links between education and reducing recidivism in prisoners are problematic, there is little argument that education is a factor in promoting reintegration and rehabilitation. There is a current focus in prison education on education for employment, and yet there are no recent or unambiguous data about the skills levels of the prison population. The most often quoted figures are both 15 years out of date and deeply flawed in terms of their comparisons with the general...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Institutionalized Persons, English Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Foreign...

This study investigated effect of student- and school-level variables on mathematics achievement of fourth- and eighth-grade students using the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 data of Turkey. The common variables addressed in student and school questionnaires were compared. Due to nested structure of the TIMSS data, hierarchical linear modeling analysis was performed. According to findings of the study, for both grade levels, of all teacher-related variables,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Characteristics, Student Characteristics, Elementary...

The purpose of this study is to reveal the perception levels of problem solving skills of elementary school students. The sample of the study is formed by totally 264 elementary students attending to 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grade in a big city in Turkey. Data were collected by means of "Perception Scale for Problem Solving Skills" which consists of two sub-dimensions. As a result of the study, the perception level of problem solving skills of elementary school students was high and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Problem Solving, Measures (Individuals), Gender Differences, Student Attitudes,...

In the 2012 PIAAC Survey of Adult Skills of 23 industrialised countries, the UK (England & NI) scored below average on adult numeracy. Several recommendations focus on the need for (some) individuals in the population to undergo training. Yet, even in "high-performing countries" like the Netherlands, many adults (1.5M) score at or below PIAAC Level 1 (sometimes designated as "functionally innumerate"). The question arises as to how all of these people manage in important...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Numeracy, Adult Literacy, Adults, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Education, Foreign...

Numeracy needs of nursing students are often underestimated by students when they enter university. Even when students are aware of the mathematics required, students underestimate or overestimate the skills they have. Research has highlighted the mathematics and numeracy skills required of nurses and nursing students and numerous studies have tested these skills. Research highlighted in this paper investigates students' perceptions of these skills generally, and students' retrospective...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Nursing Students, Numeracy, Student Attitudes, Nursing Education, Career Readiness,...

Mathematics is an area of study that particularly lacks student enthusiasm. Nevertheless, with the help of educational games, any phobias concerning mathematics can be considerably decreased and mathematics can become more appealing. In this study, an educational game addressing mathematics was designed, developed and evaluated by a sample of 33 students of the fifth grade of a primary school. Each student played the educational game "Playing with Numbers" (PwN), performing additions...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Educational Games, Computation, Mathematics Skills, Student...

Developing students' algorithmic and computational thinking is currently a major objective for primary and secondary education in many countries around the globe. Literature suggests that students face at various difficulties in programming processes, because of their mental models about basic programming constructs. Arrays constitute the first data structure students have to cope with in introductory programming courses. This paper presents the results of an empirical study on secondary...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Taxonomy, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Achievement,...

This article summarizes the findings of research studies focusing on number sense instruction to improve mathematics competence of school going children. Twenty-three studies were located that met the inclusion criteria. Interventions gleaned from the review were categorized based on type of instruction (i.e., constructivist, explicit or a combination of the two). Treatment outcomes are discussed in relation to the various instructional approaches, student characteristics (e.g., grade, age),...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Literature Reviews, Mathematics Instruction, Numeracy, Numbers, Mathematics Skills,...

The present study examines how attending the German model project "Kindergarten of the Future in Bavaria" (KiDZ), which provided 138 children (aged 3 to 6) with traditional preschool stimulation combined with cognitive and domain-specific stimulation, is associated with children's competencies in mathematics over time to age 12 compared to a control group of 53 children. Controlling for child and family background measures, attending KiDZ was positively associated with mathematical...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Preschool Education, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction,...

General education students taking freshman-level physical geography and geomorphology classes at Arizona State University completed an online laboratory whose main tool was Google Earth. Early in the semester, oblique and planimetric views introduced students to a few volcanic, tectonic, glacial, karst, and coastal landforms. Semi-quantitative analysis of student performance compared across prior experience using Google Earth, self-reported learning styles, and math backgrounds revealed no...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Geography, Photography, Higher Education, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in...

Recent studies highlight early childhood teachers' mathematics-related competence. Developing this competence should be a main aspect of early childhood teachers' education. This is, however, not the case in all countries. Consequently, high-quality professional development courses are needed. Based on research results, we developed a competence-oriented continuous professional development course ("EmMa") and examined the effects of "EmMa" by asking: How does...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Teachers, Mathematics Skills, Mathematical...

This study aims to analyze the relationship between playing computer games and learning basic mathematics skills. It shows the role computer games play in the learning and achievement of basic mathematical skills by students. Nowadays it is clear that individuals, especially young persons are very fond of computer and computer games. Since students are very interested in computers, they can be used to achieve education and instructional objectives. This study aims to search for evidences...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Computer Games, Mathematics Skills,...

According to recent reports, K-12 full-time virtual school students have shown lower performance in math than their counterparts in brick-and-mortar schools. However, research is lacking in what kind of programmatic interventions virtual schools might be particularly well-suited to provide to improve math performance. Engaging students in self-reflection is a potentially promising pedagogical approach for supporting math learning. Nonetheless, it is unclear how models for math learning in brick...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Reflection, Virtual Classrooms, Educational Technology, Technology...

This article describes a part of a large scale study which helped to gain understanding of the high school mathematics teachers' belief about proof. There is obvious disconnect between general beliefs and high school teachers' conceptions about proof as central element of mathematics and mathematics education. A total of 374 mathematics teachers from one of the New England states, USA, participated in an on-line comprehensive original survey designed specifically for this study. We report on...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematical Logic, Validity, Mathematics Education, Secondary School Mathematics,...

The purpose of this two-year observational study was to determine if the use of technology and intervention groups affected fourth-grade math scores. Specifically, the desire was to identify the percentage of students who met or exceeded grade-level standards on the state standardized test. This study indicated possible reasons that enhanced conceptual understanding within the study group at a Title I elementary school. Throughout the two-year time period, the classroom teachers created...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 4, Mathematics Achievement, Scores, Standardized Tests, Elementary School...

The issues that prompt this study are based on current research indicating the positive effects of inquiry learning on the cognitive development of children. The purpose of this case study was to understand the effects of inquiry learning on the academic achievement and bilingual verbal ability of 5th grade bilingual students in a French/English dual immersion program. The treatment group of students completed research projects through a guided inquiry learning approach, while the control group...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Inquiry, Active Learning, Bilingual Education, Cognitive Development, Case Studies,...

Self-efficacy is an essential source of motivation for learning. While considerable research has theorised and examined the how and why of self-efficacy in a single domain of study, longitudinal research has not yet tested how self-efficacy might generalise or transfer between subjects such as mathematics, native and foreign language studies. The current study examined academic self-efficacy (two measurements 10 months apart) in three subjects (mathematics, native language, and foreign...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Self Efficacy, Second Language Learning, Transfer of Training, Junior High School...

This study explored the relationship between financial literacy and the use of interest-only mortgages using data from the 2009 National Financial Capability Study (NFCS). A series of analyses were conducted to investigate characteristics associated with the use of an interest-only mortgage as a primary mortgage, as compared to fixed-rate mortgage and adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) options. Consistent results indicate the individuals who incorrectly answered questions related to compound...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Money Management, Debt (Financial), Real Estate, Correlation, Credit (Finance),...

In this paper we report on a study of the implementation of handheld game consoles (HGCs) in 10 Year four/five classrooms to develop student automaticity of mathematical calculations. The automaticity of mathematical calculations was compared for those students using the HGC and those being taught using traditional teaching methods. Over a school term, students (n = 236) who used the HGCs and Dr Kawashima's Brain Training showed significant improvement in both the speed and accuracy of their...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Games, Video Games,...

Understanding of base 10 and place value are important foundational math concepts that are associated with higher use of decomposition strategies and higher accuracy on addition problems (Laski, Ermakova, & Vasilyeva, 2014; Fuson, 1990; Fuson & Briars, 1990; National Research Council, 2001). The current study examined base-10 knowledge, place value, and arithmetic accuracy and strategy use among children in early elementary school from Montessori and non-Montessori schools. Children (N...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Knowledge Level, Primary Education,...

Montessori classrooms vary in the degree to which they adhere to Maria Montessori's model, including in the provision of materials. Specifically, some classrooms use only Montessori materials, whereas others supplement the Montessori materials with commercially available materials like puzzles and games. A prior study suggested such supplementation might explain observed differences across studies and classrooms (Lillard, 2012), but an experimental study is the best test of this possibility....

Topics: ERIC Archive, Montessori Method, Instructional Materials, Comparative Analysis, Pretests Posttests,...

Math content for English Language Learners (ELLs) is unforgiving in terms of the constant need to build specific math and reading knowledge. As a result, ELLs may not only need math support but also reading comprehension support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a word problem solving strategy called Estratégica Dinámica de Matemáticas (EDM). EDM was designed to provide math strategy support in the native language based on students' reading and language...

Topics: ERIC Archive, English Language Learners, Mathematics Instruction, Spanish Speaking, Hispanic...

Empirical work that connects content knowledge to teaching practice has become increasingly important in discussions around a professional knowledge base for teaching. This paper aims to continue that work, reporting a single exploratory case study of one elementary mathematics teacher. The purpose of the study was to investigate how introducing teachers to advanced mathematics, particularly ideas in abstract algebra, might inform and influence their instructional practices for teaching early...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Algebra, Case Studies, Elementary School Mathematics,...

Today's society places a lot of pressure on schools, teachers, and students to improve test scores. This paper discusses the possibility of using mathematical manipulatives to improve student test scores and students' attitudes towards mathematics. Forty-three Grade 2 students with age ranges between six and eight from a rural town in Saskatchewan were selected. They were divided randomly into two groups: the treatment group (n = 22) and the control group (n = 21) and their pre- and post-test...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 2, Elementary School Mathematics, Manipulative Materials, Control Groups,...

The purpose of this study is to examine 8th grade students' skills of connecting mathematics to real life. This study uses survey design since it aims to determine existing situations regarding to students' skills of connecting mathematics to real life. The study sample consists of 176 students in total, who are studying at a state school in the Etimesgut district of Ankara in the second semester of 2016-2017 academic year. "Connecting mathematics to real life scale" which is...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 8, Mathematics Instruction, Relevance (Education), Student Surveys,...

In this paper, lower-order mathematical thinking skills within finance were studied from the viewpoint of financial employees in the Iranian Bank of Industry and Mine. To conduct this research, a questionnaire was developed after reviewing lower-order mathematical thinking skills in finance. In accordance with the revised Bloom's taxonomy, the skills considered in the questionnaire were "remembering mathematics in finance", "understanding mathematics in finance", and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematical Logic, Mathematics Skills, Thinking Skills, Finance Occupations,...

Personal experiences promoting inclusive mathematics education for my own child have mostly been met with staunch resistance on the part of educators, and a resulting breakdown in collaborative efforts during individualized education program (IEP) meetings. However, I found that utilizing certain strategies and introducing innovative mathematics education resources during the IEP meeting have contributed to a more collaborative and productive meeting toward inclusive practices beyond...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Individualized Education Programs, Inclusion, Special Education, Mathematical...

Solving problem either within mathematics or beyond is one of the ultimate goal students learn mathematics. It is since mathematics takes role tool as well as vehicle to develop problem solving ability. One of the supporting components to problem solving is mathematical representation ability (MRA). Nowadays, many teachers and researchers find out secondary school students are so poor in MRA. Considering the problem, this research developed instruction materials based on Joyful Problem-based...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Secondary School...

The purpose of this study was to analyse the perceived usefulness of a set of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) applied in a virtual learning environment (VLE) in a distance education model. We analysed whether the numerical and technological preferences of the students could explain the perceived usefulness related to the ICT applied to teaching. We also tested whether the work experience of the students can modify the perceived usefulness. Diverse ICT were applied to the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Accounting, Virtual Classrooms, Business Administration Education, Distance...

Anecdotal observations reveal that most students with strong arithmetic skills will succeed in the Beginning Algebra course even if they have no previous experience with algebra. In trying to quantify this with an initial teacher-created survey of arithmetic skills, it was observed, for three consecutive semesters, that students who scored in the upper 60% usually passed the class with acceptable grades, whereas students in the lower 40% did not. This article describes a project to address...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills, Grades...

Various methods of teaching had been implemented to create an active and fun teaching process by teachers for students. Teachers' actions during class could lead to different responses from students. However, those actions are not always well accepted by students. Valsiner suggested a theory on a set of teachers' actions for promoting students' response called zone of promotion action (ZPA). The characteristics of the teacher's ZPA were not imbedded, indicating that the students could accept,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Teachers, Secondary School...

The gap between young Indigenous and non-Indigenous students' capability within mathematics is widely acknowledged. This gap is conjectured to exist at all levels of schooling, including pre-school, and widens as students mature. Most of these findings are based on research relating to students' understanding of number and space. Little is known about what knowledge Indigenous students bring to early years' settings with regard to patterning, an area that is widely acknowledged as fundamental...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Indigenous Populations, Young Children, Mathematics Skills, Interviews, Kindergarten,...

Using data from a survey on cognitive proficiency levels of first graders in Switzerland (N = 1.830), this study analyzes (1) who has access to institutional childcare, (2) whether institutional childcare affects cognitive skills of children who differ in terms of socioeconomic status, home literacy, native country, and home language, and (3) how duration and intensity of childcare affect children's skills. The findings indicate sociocultural disparities in access to childcare. Multiple...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Vocabulary, Mathematics Skills, Child Care Centers, Early Childhood Education,...

This study aimed at determining the effects of using a computer algebra system (CAS) on undergraduate students' spatial visualization skills in a calculus course. This study used an experimental design. The "one group pretest-posttest design" was the research model. The participants were 41 sophomore students (26 female and 15 male) studying at an undergraduate program in the department of mathematics in the west Anatolia region of Turkey. In order to determine students' spatial...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, College Mathematics, Algebra, Computer...

A pre-test post-test correlated groups design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the Shuttleworth/Rotary Number Skills Development Programme to enhance the numeracy of Grade 2 learners (N = 169) from five primary schools (a private school, a school of auditory impaired learners, and three rural schools). An unstructured questionnaire was employed to obtain teachers' views about the program (n = 5). The findings of the study showed that the programme was effective in developing the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Numeracy, Primary Education,...

Recent developments in technology have changed the learner's profile and the learning outcomes. Today, with the emergence of higher-order thinking skills and computer literacy skills, teaching through traditional methods is likely to fail to achieve the learning outcomes. That is why; teachers and teacher candidates are expected to have computer literacy skills. Programming is the main focus of this study since it is an important part of computer literacy. The study aims to analyze mathematics...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Mathematics Education, Elementary School...

This study examined how Year 12 students use their inquiry skills in solving conditional probability questions by means of Inquiry-Based Learning application. The participants consisted of 66 students of similar academic abilities in Mathematics, selected from three classes, along with their respective teachers. Observational rubric and lesson observation checklist were used as the data collection instruments. The results obtained were analyzed and then quantitatively reported. Findings from...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Probability, Inquiry, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction,...

In this investigation I focused on a process of activities of a particular group of teachers and learners. Basic skills in mastering mathematical concepts were addressed. The focus was on concept formation in the geometry classroom. The methodology involved an educational case study as a form of inquiry to investigate spatial sense. Evidence was obtained regarding mathematics teachers' and mathematics learners' knowledge of space and shape. Problems experienced in concept formation in geometry...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Case Studies, Mathematical Concepts, Mathematics Skills,...

This is a quasi-experimental study that explored the effects of reflective learning on prospective teachers' conceptual understanding, critical thinking, problem solving, and mathematical communication skills and the relationship of these variables. It involved 60 prospective teachers from two basic mathematics classes of an institution of higher learning. There were two treatments used in the study: the lecture-discussion approach and reflective learning approach of teaching. The...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Reflection, Preservice Teachers, Critical Thinking, Problem...

This study was conducted on year 4 students enrolled in the Bachelor of Education program for Cycle one teacher candidates. The effect of practicing mental calculation strategies in improving students' numeracy proficiency was put under some tests to measure its effect in a scientific way. A Pre-quiz was conducted before with no prior practice done in order to check the strategies the students were using in performing calculations. After four weeks practice and implementation which focused...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Mental Computation, Learning Strategies, Preservice Teachers,...

The present research aims to assess the conventional teaching procedures in the development of mathematical skills of the students with learning difficulties. The study group was made up of all the children with academic learning disorders in KSA. The research questions have been scrutinized from the averages and the standard deviation of the marks scored by the participants in the test and control group. The outcomes of the study show that the conventional teaching procedures have effects on...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Gifted, Conventional Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction,...

Scientific research plays an important role in creating growth and progress in developing countries (Greenstone, 2010). Developed countries have realized that importance and focused on conducting scientific researches to help them make valuable decisions. Many Arab countries, including Saudi Arabia, are trying to encourage faculty members at all universities to write as many good quality researches as possible and benefit from the results that can serve the society better. This study examines...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Teacher Researchers, College Faculty,...

Data is flexible in that it is molded by not only the features and variables available to a researcher for analysis and interpretation, but also by how those features and variables are recorded and processed prior to evaluation. "Big Data" from online learning platforms and intelligent tutoring systems is no different. The work presented herein questions the quality and flexibility of data from two popular learning platforms, comparing binary measures of problem-level accuracy, the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Data, Comparative Analysis, Scoring, Mathematics Skills, High Achievement, Low...

The aim of the study is to examine whether classroom teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) on numbers develops in the period from their university education to their active teaching profession. Cross-sectional comparative study method was used in this research in order to examine what kind of development classroom teachers? pedagogical content knowledge exhibited from their university education to the period in which they actively operate within teaching profession. The sample of the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers,...

In this paper, we discuss pre-service mathematics teachers' professional gains from a university-school collaboration where they were given opportunity to observe two teacher educators' instructional practices in a 6th grade classroom, interact with students in one-to-one fashion and reflect on the teacher educators' and their own practices. Three pre-service teachers out of nine volunteers attended all modelling and practice sessions for 20 weeks. The data collected through interviews, field...

Topics: ERIC Archive, College School Cooperation, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers,...

This small-scale action research study examines the students' ability in using their mathematical skills when performing order of operations in numerical expressions. In this study, the "hierarchy-of-operators triangle" by Ameis (2011) was introduced as an alternative BODMAS approach to help students in gaining a better understanding behind the concept of the order of operations. The study involved 21 students from Year 9 (or equivalent to 8th Grade in American schooling) in one of...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Secondary School Mathematics,...