California's community colleges are key to resolving the shortage of educated workers that is threatening the competitive position of the state's economy. Tremendous potential for addressing this challenge resides in the system's career technical education (CTE) mission which, with appropriate structures and support, could help many more students earn credentials with value in the workplace. In two previous installments of a four-part series of reports titled Career Opportunities: Career...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Community Colleges, College Role, Labor...

Though proficiency with computation is highly emphasized in national mathematics standards, students with mathematics difficulty (MD) continue to struggle with computation. To learn more about the differences in computation error patterns between typically achieving students and students with MD, we assessed 478 3rd-grade students on a measure of mathematics computation. Results indicated that using the wrong operation was the most common identifiable error for all students. Students with MD...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Computation, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems, Mathematics Skills, Error...

According to recent reports, K-12 full-time virtual school students have shown lower performance in math than their counterparts in brick-and-mortar schools. However, research is lacking in what kind of programmatic interventions virtual schools might be particularly well-suited to provide to improve math performance. Engaging students in self-reflection is a potentially promising pedagogical approach for supporting math learning. Nonetheless, it is unclear how models for math learning in brick...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Online Courses, Reflection, Virtual Classrooms, Educational Technology, Technology...

Early number skills, comprised of both informal and formal skills, are associated with later mathematics achievement. Thus, the development of foundational early number skills is an important aspect of early mathematics instruction. This study explored relations between early number skills gains and mathematics achievement for students at risk for mathematics difficulties in a kindergarten intervention study. Results indicated strong relationships between formal number skills gains and...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Tests, At Risk Students, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups, Elementary...

In this paper we report on a study of the implementation of handheld game consoles (HGCs) in 10 Year four/five classrooms to develop student automaticity of mathematical calculations. The automaticity of mathematical calculations was compared for those students using the HGC and those being taught using traditional teaching methods. Over a school term, students (n = 236) who used the HGCs and Dr Kawashima's Brain Training showed significant improvement in both the speed and accuracy of their...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Games, Video Games,...

The purpose of this study is to examine 8th grade students' skills of connecting mathematics to real life. This study uses survey design since it aims to determine existing situations regarding to students' skills of connecting mathematics to real life. The study sample consists of 176 students in total, who are studying at a state school in the Etimesgut district of Ankara in the second semester of 2016-2017 academic year. "Connecting mathematics to real life scale" which is...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 8, Mathematics Instruction, Relevance (Education), Student Surveys,...

Various methods of teaching had been implemented to create an active and fun teaching process by teachers for students. Teachers' actions during class could lead to different responses from students. However, those actions are not always well accepted by students. Valsiner suggested a theory on a set of teachers' actions for promoting students' response called zone of promotion action (ZPA). The characteristics of the teacher's ZPA were not imbedded, indicating that the students could accept,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Teachers, Secondary School...

The purpose of this study is to perform the validity-reliability analysis of the three subtests of Basic School Skills Inventory 3--Mathematics, Classroom Behavior and Daily Life skills--and do its adaptation for four to six year-old Turkish children. The sample of the study included 595 four to six year-old Turkish children attending public and private schools. The schools were selected from among the central towns of the province Konya based on random sampling method considering the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Basic Skills, Measures (Individuals), Test Validity, Test Reliability, Foreign...

The purpose of this study was to analyse the perceived usefulness of a set of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) applied in a virtual learning environment (VLE) in a distance education model. We analysed whether the numerical and technological preferences of the students could explain the perceived usefulness related to the ICT applied to teaching. We also tested whether the work experience of the students can modify the perceived usefulness. Diverse ICT were applied to the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Accounting, Virtual Classrooms, Business Administration Education, Distance...

This study examined how Year 12 students use their inquiry skills in solving conditional probability questions by means of Inquiry-Based Learning application. The participants consisted of 66 students of similar academic abilities in Mathematics, selected from three classes, along with their respective teachers. Observational rubric and lesson observation checklist were used as the data collection instruments. The results obtained were analyzed and then quantitatively reported. Findings from...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Probability, Inquiry, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction,...

The objective of this study is to explore business courses performance factors with a focus on accounting and finance. Course score interrelations are assumed to represent interpretable constructs of these factors. Factor analysis is proposed to identify the constructs that explain the correlations. Factor analysis results identify three sub-groups of business core courses. The first group is labeled as management-oriented courses. Accounting, finance and economics courses are separated in two...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Business Administration Education,...

In this paper we investigated the contribution of a dynamic testing procedure, including multiple graduated prompts protocols, in identifying differences in need for instruction of second grade children (N = 120) with arithmetic difficulties. The training was adaptive and prompts were provided according to one of six protocols, each focusing on a different problem solving step. Results showed that based on the number of prompts required from each protocol different patterns of problem solving...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Prompting, Grade 2, Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Protocol Analysis, Cognitive Style,...

This descriptive study examines the elements of mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT) that elementary teacher candidates exhibit as they plan, teach, and reflect on a mathematics lesson that integrates children's literature. Data for this study were gathered from observations and written work of preservice elementary teacher candidates enrolled in a methods of teaching mathematics course. The data were analyzed using three criteria: that of knowledge of content and students, knowledge of...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Elementary School Teachers, Preservice Teachers,...

Working memory capacities are associated with mathematical development. Many studies have tried to improve working memory abilities through training. Furthermore, the central executive has been shown to be the component of working memory, which is the most strongly related to numerical and arithmetical skills. Therefore, we developed a training program that specifically targeted the central executive to examine the possible impact on kindergarteners' working memory and numerical abilities....

Topics: ERIC Archive, Short Term Memory, Kindergarten, Randomized Controlled Trials, Training, Executive...

Mathematics proficiency has an acknowledged impact on students' accounting grades. Success in this core business subject is dependent on students' mathematical aptitude, attitude and type of secondary schooling. Our study investigated accounting students' attitudes to mathematics on domains of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales (F-SMAS) and identified demographic variables in overall attitudes to mathematics, which are pertinent to higher education pedagogy for accountancy. Eight...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Accounting, Student Teacher Attitudes, Preservice Teacher Education, Mathematical...

This study examines the trends of the U.S. states' reading and math proficiency standards before and after the adoption of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and explores their impact on school practices and student achievement. Drawing on the 2003-15 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) grades 4 and 8 assessment and survey datasets, the study gives new insights into the CCSS policy challenges and outcomes. The states that adopted CCSS raised the rigor of proficiency standards...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Common Core State Standards, Educational Trends, Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills,...

The aim of this study is to examine the effects of computer assisted instruction materials on approximate number skills of students with mathematics learning difficulties. The study was carried out with pretest-posttest quasi experimental method with a single subject. The participants of the study consist of a girl and two boys who attend 3rd grade at elementary school. The contents of the computer-aided instruction materials which have been designed consist of counting skills, place value...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Computer Assisted Instruction, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Educational...

The current study investigates the impact of Every Child Ready (ECR), a comprehensive instructional model that includes: "What to teach, how to teach and how to know instruction is effective." The ECR instructional model is designed to provide high quality instruction to children via a play-based, thematic curriculum. Participants include 1,538 three- and four-year-olds attending 18 different public charter schools in high need neighborhood in an urban setting. Analyses were conducted...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Childhood Education, Play, Preschool Children, Charter Schools, At Risk...

This study aims to identify errors made by primary school students when modelling word problems and to eliminate those errors through scaffolding. A 10-question problem-solving achievement test was used in the research. The qualitative and quantitative designs were utilized together. The study group of the quantitative design comprises 248 elementary 4th grade students attending nine classes at three state schools in the city centre of Kütahya, chosen with the cluster sampling method....

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Error Patterns, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Word Problems...

Contemporary state math standards emphasize that students must demonstrate an understanding of the mathematical ideas underlying the computations that have typically been the core of the elementary school math curriculum. The standards have put an increased emphasis on the study of fractions in upper elementary grades, which are the years during which students build a strong foundation in fractions concepts. At the same time, the National Mathematics Advisory Panel (2008) cites limited...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Faculty Development, Grade 4,...

This research was done on primary school students who are able to understand mathematical concepts, but unable to apply them in solving real life problems. Therefore, this study aims to improve primary school students' mathematical literacy through problem-based learning and direct instruction. In addition, the research was conducted to determine whether there are differences in the increase in literacy mathematical among students who received problem-based learning and direct instruction in...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade...

The purpose of this paper is to examine trainee primary school teachers' confidence in their mathematical content knowledge (MCK) and confidence to teach specific primary mathematics concepts (mathematics pedagogical content knowledge --MPCK) which was correlated to their actual MCK on specific tasks. For this correlational study survey and test data were collected from a cohort of 210 trainee teachers. It was found that confidence to do and to teach mathematics was reasonably strongly...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary School Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Teacher Competencies, Self Efficacy,...

The National Senior Certificate (NSC) examination in South Africa is a standardised assessment whose main function is to determine whether Grade 12 learners have mastered subject knowledge at the culmination of their secondary education. Alongside this, the National Benchmark Test Project (NBTP) was introduced to develop the National Benchmark Tests (NBTs) that are aimed at assessing the academic readiness of first time entry students to South African universities. This article explores the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Numeracy, Grade 12, Mathematics Tests, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction,...

This paper presents an assessment of the understanding of the decimal numeral system in students with Down Syndrome (DS). We followed a methodology based on a descriptive case study involving six students with DS. We used a framework of four constructs (counting, grouping, partitioning and numerical relationships) and five levels of thinking for each one. The results of this study indicate the variability of the six students in the five levels and in their mastery of the constructs. The...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Knowledge Level, Down Syndrome, Numbers, Case Studies, Computation, Mathematics...

Effectively engaging students in mathematics discourse is challenging, especially in a language other than the one in which you learned mathematics. Teachers must manage the academic as well as social function of language. In Spanish-English bilingual classrooms in the U.S., changing the language of instruction to Spanish may not be enough to disrupt entrenched patterns of mathematics participation, resulting in continued marginalization of Latino students. In this article, I describe what our...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Bilingual Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Language Attitudes, Language Role,...

In the 2012 PIAAC Survey of Adult Skills of 23 industrialised countries, the UK (England & NI) scored below average on adult numeracy. Several recommendations focus on the need for (some) individuals in the population to undergo training. Yet, even in "high-performing countries" like the Netherlands, many adults (1.5M) score at or below PIAAC Level 1 (sometimes designated as "functionally innumerate"). The question arises as to how all of these people manage in important...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Numeracy, Adult Literacy, Adults, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Education, Foreign...

In this paper, we discuss pre-service mathematics teachers' professional gains from a university-school collaboration where they were given opportunity to observe two teacher educators' instructional practices in a 6th grade classroom, interact with students in one-to-one fashion and reflect on the teacher educators' and their own practices. Three pre-service teachers out of nine volunteers attended all modelling and practice sessions for 20 weeks. The data collected through interviews, field...

Topics: ERIC Archive, College School Cooperation, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers,...

Personal experiences promoting inclusive mathematics education for my own child have mostly been met with staunch resistance on the part of educators, and a resulting breakdown in collaborative efforts during individualized education program (IEP) meetings. However, I found that utilizing certain strategies and introducing innovative mathematics education resources during the IEP meeting have contributed to a more collaborative and productive meeting toward inclusive practices beyond...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Individualized Education Programs, Inclusion, Special Education, Mathematical...

The concept of mathematical problem solving is an important mathematical process in mathematics curricula of education systems worldwide. These math curricula demand that learners are exposed to authentic problems that foster successful problem solving. To attain this very important goal, there must be mathematics teachers well versed in content and the pedagogy of problem solving. This study investigated problem solving process of in-service secondary school teachers in a non-routine problem...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Problem Solving, Mathematics Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Secondary School...

This study aimed at constructing a criterion-reference test to measure the research and statistical competencies of graduate students at the Jordanian governmental universities, the test has to be in its first form of (50) multiple choice items, then the test was introduced to (5) arbitrators with competence in measurement and evaluation to determine the cut-off score using Angoff method amounted to (0.69), the test was applied to an experimental sample of (80) students ( males and females from...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Criterion Referenced Tests, Graduate Students, Test Construction,...

The aim of the study is to examine whether classroom teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) on numbers develops in the period from their university education to their active teaching profession. Cross-sectional comparative study method was used in this research in order to examine what kind of development classroom teachers? pedagogical content knowledge exhibited from their university education to the period in which they actively operate within teaching profession. The sample of the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Teachers,...

This small-scale action research study examines the students' ability in using their mathematical skills when performing order of operations in numerical expressions. In this study, the "hierarchy-of-operators triangle" by Ameis (2011) was introduced as an alternative BODMAS approach to help students in gaining a better understanding behind the concept of the order of operations. The study involved 21 students from Year 9 (or equivalent to 8th Grade in American schooling) in one of...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Secondary School Mathematics,...

The aim of this study is to examine the effect of mind mapping activities on the maths and science skills of children 48 to 60 months of age. The study was designed using an experimental model with a pre-test post-test and a control group. Accordingly, the hypotheses of the study was that there would be meaningful differences in the values obtained from the pre-test and post-test scores in favor of the children working with mind maps compared to the ones who did not work with mind maps. In the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Preschool Children, Mathematics Skills, Science Process Skills, Experiments, Pretests...

Solving problem either within mathematics or beyond is one of the ultimate goal students learn mathematics. It is since mathematics takes role tool as well as vehicle to develop problem solving ability. One of the supporting components to problem solving is mathematical representation ability (MRA). Nowadays, many teachers and researchers find out secondary school students are so poor in MRA. Considering the problem, this research developed instruction materials based on Joyful Problem-based...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Teaching Methods, Secondary School...

This study aimed at determining the effects of using a computer algebra system (CAS) on undergraduate students' spatial visualization skills in a calculus course. This study used an experimental design. The "one group pretest-posttest design" was the research model. The participants were 41 sophomore students (26 female and 15 male) studying at an undergraduate program in the department of mathematics in the west Anatolia region of Turkey. In order to determine students' spatial...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, College Mathematics, Algebra, Computer...

This study explored the relationship between financial literacy and the use of interest-only mortgages using data from the 2009 National Financial Capability Study (NFCS). A series of analyses were conducted to investigate characteristics associated with the use of an interest-only mortgage as a primary mortgage, as compared to fixed-rate mortgage and adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) options. Consistent results indicate the individuals who incorrectly answered questions related to compound...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Money Management, Debt (Financial), Real Estate, Correlation, Credit (Finance),...

Does the mathematical reasoning ability develop with increase in age? How is mathematical reasoning ability differing according to gender? The current study is trying to find answers to these two questions. The study using cross-sectional design, was conducted with 409 (8th, 9th and 10th grade) students attending middle school and high school in different provinces of Turkey from different socio-economic environments. Mathematical Reasoning Test (MRT) was used for the data collection....

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills, Logical Thinking, Mathematics Skills, Grade 8,...

Developing students' algorithmic and computational thinking is currently a major objective for primary and secondary education in many countries around the globe. Literature suggests that students face at various difficulties in programming processes, because of their mental models about basic programming constructs. Arrays constitute the first data structure students have to cope with in introductory programming courses. This paper presents the results of an empirical study on secondary...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Taxonomy, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Achievement,...

This study was carried out to determine whether there is a relationship between the preschool teachers' attitudes towards mathematics and mathematical development in 6-year-old preschool children. The sampling of the study was consisted of 30 teachers working with 6 years old children and their 120 students in public kindergartens and independent preschool classrooms in Erzurum City. Teachers' attitudes towards mathematics education were measured using the "Preschool Teachers' Attitudes...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Preschool Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Mathematical Aptitude, Preschool Children,...

The paper investigates geometric errors students made as they tried to use their basic geometric knowledge in the solution of the Applied Calculus Optimization Problem (ACOP). Inaccuracies related to the drawing of geometric diagrams (visualization skills) and those associated with the application of basic differentiation concepts into ACOP solution were reported. A test instrument was used to collect quantitative data, while qualitative data were generated using follow- up interviews...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Education, Mathematical Applications, Geometry, Calculus, Problem...

Numeracy needs of nursing students are often underestimated by students when they enter university. Even when students are aware of the mathematics required, students underestimate or overestimate the skills they have. Research has highlighted the mathematics and numeracy skills required of nurses and nursing students and numerous studies have tested these skills. Research highlighted in this paper investigates students' perceptions of these skills generally, and students' retrospective...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Nursing Students, Numeracy, Student Attitudes, Nursing Education, Career Readiness,...

Today's society places a lot of pressure on schools, teachers, and students to improve test scores. This paper discusses the possibility of using mathematical manipulatives to improve student test scores and students' attitudes towards mathematics. Forty-three Grade 2 students with age ranges between six and eight from a rural town in Saskatchewan were selected. They were divided randomly into two groups: the treatment group (n = 22) and the control group (n = 21) and their pre- and post-test...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Grade 2, Elementary School Mathematics, Manipulative Materials, Control Groups,...

Low student enrollment and high attrition rates in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education are major challenges in higher education. Many STEM entrants end-up switching their majors to non-STEM fields, perform poorly relative to their peers in other programs, and/or drop out of college without earning any academic qualification. Therefore, it is important to examine strategies for reducing attrition in STEM programs. This paper reviews the major factors impeding...

Topics: ERIC Archive, STEM Education, Academic Persistence, Student Interests, Success, Teaching Methods,...

This paper explored the authors' concerns about students enrolled in their introductory accounting course. Anecdotal evidence suggested that students struggle with basic arithmetic concepts that underlie basic business transactions even though their math placement and ACT scores are high. A survey of 125 students in a first accounting course was conducted in the spring of 2010 to assess the basic arithmetical skills. The results indicated that the ACT scores and math placement tests do not...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Accounting, Business Administration Education, Skill Development, Arithmetic,...

Every object we think of or encounter, whether a natural or human-made, has a regular or irregular shape. In its own intrinsic conceptual design, it has elements of mathematics, science, engineering, and arts, etc., which are part of the object's geometric shape, form and structure. Geometry is not only an important part of mathematics, but it is also an important part of daily life. However, geometry is challenging for some students, even high-achieving students. One way to help students...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Mathematics...

The present study examines how attending the German model project "Kindergarten of the Future in Bavaria" (KiDZ), which provided 138 children (aged 3 to 6) with traditional preschool stimulation combined with cognitive and domain-specific stimulation, is associated with children's competencies in mathematics over time to age 12 compared to a control group of 53 children. Controlling for child and family background measures, attending KiDZ was positively associated with mathematical...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Preschool Education, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction,...

Many children fail to master fraction arithmetic even after years of instruction, a failure that hinders their learning of more advanced mathematics as well as their occupational success. To test hypotheses about why children have so many difficulties in this area, we created a computational model of fraction arithmetic learning and presented it with the problems from a widely used textbook series. The simulation generated many phenomena of children's fraction arithmetic performance through a...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Arithmetic, Computation, Models, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods,...

Recent studies highlight early childhood teachers' mathematics-related competence. Developing this competence should be a main aspect of early childhood teachers' education. This is, however, not the case in all countries. Consequently, high-quality professional development courses are needed. Based on research results, we developed a competence-oriented continuous professional development course ("EmMa") and examined the effects of "EmMa" by asking: How does...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Teachers, Mathematics Skills, Mathematical...

Data is flexible in that it is molded by not only the features and variables available to a researcher for analysis and interpretation, but also by how those features and variables are recorded and processed prior to evaluation. "Big Data" from online learning platforms and intelligent tutoring systems is no different. The work presented herein questions the quality and flexibility of data from two popular learning platforms, comparing binary measures of problem-level accuracy, the...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Data, Comparative Analysis, Scoring, Mathematics Skills, High Achievement, Low...

This study investigated effect of student- and school-level variables on mathematics achievement of fourth- and eighth-grade students using the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 data of Turkey. The common variables addressed in student and school questionnaires were compared. Due to nested structure of the TIMSS data, hierarchical linear modeling analysis was performed. According to findings of the study, for both grade levels, of all teacher-related variables,...

Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Teacher Characteristics, Student Characteristics, Elementary...