The performance of an axisymmetric nozzle was examined which was designed to produce uniform, parallel flow with a nominal Mach number of 8. A free-piston driven shock tube was used to supply the nozzle with high-temperature, high-pressure test gas. Performance was assessed by measuring Pitot pressures across the exit plane of the nozzle and, over the range of operating conditions examined, the nozzle produced satisfactory test flows. However, there were flow disturbances that persisted for...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AXISYMMETRIC BODIES, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, HYPERVELOCITY...

An efficient solution procedure for time-accurate solutions of Incompressible Navier-Stokes equation is obtained. Artificial compressibility method requires a fast convergence scheme. Pressure projection method is efficient when small time-step is required. The number of sub-iteration is reduced significantly when Poisson solver employed with the continuity equation. Both computing time and memory usage are reduced (at least 3 times). Other work includes Multi Level Parallelism (MLP) of INS3D,...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION, REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLES, TURBINE...

A rational foundation is presented for the application of the linear shear flows to transition prediction, and an explicit method is given for carrying out the necessary calculations. The expansions used are shown to be complete. Sample calculations show that a typical boundary layer is very sensitive to vorticity disturbances in the inner boundary layer, near the critical layer. Vorticity disturbances three or four boundary layer thicknesses above the boundary are nearly uncoupled from the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER STABILITY, BOUNDARY LAYER TRANSITION,...

The temporal instability of a spatially periodic parallel flow of an incompressible inviscid fluid for various jet velocity profiles is studied numerically using Floquet Analysis. The transition matrix at the end of a period is evaluated by direct numerical integration. For verification, a method based on approximating a continuous function by a series of step functions was used. Unstable solutions were found only over a limited range of wave numbers and have a band type structure. The results...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW STABILITY, INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUIDS, INVISCID FLOW,...

This paper covers the development of stage-by-stage and parallel flow path compressor modeling approaches for a Variable Cycle Engine. The stage-by-stage compressor modeling approach is an extension of a technique for lumped volume dynamics and performance characteristic modeling. It was developed to improve the accuracy of axial compressor dynamics over lumped volume dynamics modeling. The stage-by-stage compressor model presented here is formulated into a parallel flow path model that...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PARALLEL FLOW, COMPRESSORS, VARIABLE CYCLE ENGINES, FLOW...

The plane wave propagation, the stability, and the rectangular duct mode problems of a compressible, inviscid, linearly sheared, parallel, homogeneous flow are shown to be governed by Whittaker's equation. The exact solutions for the perturbation quantities are essentially the Whittaker M-functions where the nondimensional quantities have precise physical meanings. A number of known results are obtained as limiting cases of the exact solutions. For the compressible finite thickness shear layer...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FLOW STABILITY, SHEAR LAYERS, SOUND PROPAGATION, COMPRESSIBLE...

The various existing force sharing schemes were examined by conducting a literature survey. A list of potentially applicable concepts was compiled from this survey, and a brief analysis was then made of each concept, which resulted in two competing schemes being selected for in-depth evaluation. A functional design of the equalization logic for the two schemes was undertaken and specific space shuttle application was chosen for experimental evaluation. The application was scaled down so that...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN, FORCE DISTRIBUTION, SERVOMOTORS,...

The development and testing of a parallel unstructured agglomeration multigrid algorithm for steady-state aerodynamic flows is discussed. The agglomeration multigrid strategy uses a graph algorithm to construct the coarse multigrid levels from the given fine grid, similar to an algebraic multigrid approach, but operates directly on the non-linear system using the FAS (Full Approximation Scheme) approach. The scalability and convergence rate of the multigrid algorithm are examined on the SGI...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION,...

An improved understanding of the large-length-scale capillary flows arising in a low-gravity environment is critical to that engineering community concerned with the design and analysis of spacecraft fluids management systems. Because a significant portion of liquid behavior in spacecraft is capillary dominated it is natural to consider designs that best exploit the spontaneous character of such flows. In the present work, a recently verified asymptotic analysis is extended to approximate...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CAPILLARY FLOW, DROP TOWERS, FLOW CHARACTERISTICS,...

Aerodynamic noise prediction has been an important and challenging research area since James Lighthill first introduced his Acoustic Analogy Approach over fifty years ago. This talk attempts to provide a unified framework for the subsequent theoretical developments in this field. It assumes that there is no single approach that is optimal in all situations and uses the framework as a basis for discussing the strengths weaknesses of the various approaches to this topic. But the emphasis here...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), JET AIRCRAFT NOISE, AEROACOUSTICS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, NOISE...

Linear receptivity studies in parallel flows are aimed at understanding how external forcing couples to the natural unstable motions which a flow can support. The vibrating ribbon problem models the original Schubauer and Skramstad boundary layer experiment and represents the classic boundary layer receptivity problem. The process by which disturbances are initiated in convectively-unstable jets and shear layers has also received attention. Gaster was the first to handle the boundary layer...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER CONTROL, BOUNDARY LAYERS, CONTROL THEORY,...

We report here, preliminary data from an experiment studying flow of superfluid helium through a slit orifice (of sub-micron width) very close to T(sub lambda). Critical supercurrent (I(sub c)) data is obtained from a step function drive to the diaphragm in a Helmholtz resonator cell. The superfluid density (rho(sub s)) data can be obtained from the resonant frequency of the Helmholtz oscillator, as determined by transfer function of the resonator or from the free ringing after the step...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HYDRODYNAMICS, LIQUID HELIUM 2, SUPERFLUIDITY, PARALLEL FLOW,...

An acoustic analogy is developed based on the Euler equations for broadband shock-associated noise (BBSAN) that directly incorporates the vector Green s function of the linearized Euler equations and a steady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes solution (SRANS) to describe the mean flow. The vector Green s function allows the BBSAN propagation through the jet shear layer to be determined. The large-scale coherent turbulence is modeled by two-point second order velocity cross-correlations. Turbulent...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMIC NOISE, BROADBAND, JET AIRCRAFT NOISE, SHOCK...

Examples of an interplanetary and the bow shock illustrate the small relative size of the electrostatic layer relative to the scale of the magnetic fluctuations in quasi-parallel shocks. While both examples are supercritical, the interplanetary example is marginally so, showing a thickness in absolute and convected ion larmor radii units that is thicker (approximately 13 U/omega sub ci) than at the bow shock (approximately omega sub ci). The fluid speed changes abruptly in the quasi-parallel...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOW WAVES, COLLISIONLESS PLASMAS, ELECTRIC FIELDS,...

It is known that mixing enhancement in compressible free shear layer flows with high convective Mach numbers is difficult. One design strategy to get around this is to use multiple nozzles. Extrapolating this design concept in a one dimensional manner, one arrives at an array of parallel rectangular nozzles where the smaller dimension is omega and the longer dimension, b, is taken to be infinite. In this paper, the feasibility of predicting the stability of this type of compressible periodic...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPRESSIBLE FLOW, JET FLOW, FLOW STABILITY, PREDICTION...

Acoustic liners are an essential component of technology used to reduce aircraft engine noise. Flow affects attenuation due to the liner in several ways, one of which is that boundary layers adjacent to the liner refract the sound. In the case of inlet noise, the boundary layer causes sound to be refracted away from the liner, thus degrading attenuation. A concept to improve attenuation by the liner by alteration of inlet boundary layer profiles is presented. The alteration of profiles is...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ENGINE NOISE, ENGINE INLETS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS,...

The dimensionless parameters normally associated with a step sector thrust bearing are the film thickness ratio, the dimensionless step location, the number of sectors, the radius ratio, and the angular extent of the lubrication feed groove. The optimum number of sectors and the parallel step configuration for a step sector thrust bearing while considering load capacity or stiffness and assuming an incompressible fluid are presented.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPRESSION LOADS, FILM THICKNESS, INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUIDS,...

This article investigates the role of a free jet on the sound radiated from a jet. In particular, the role of an infinite wind tunnel, which simulates the forward flight condition, is compared to that of a finite wind tunnel. The second configuration is usually used in experiments, where the microphones are located in a static ambient medium far outside the free jet. To study the effect of the free jet on noise, both propagation and source strength need to be addressed. In this work, the exact...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROACOUSTICS, FREE JETS, GREEN'S FUNCTIONS, PARALLEL FLOW,...

As the TES volume and (effective) Tc become very small - for volume < 10 micrometers x 10 micrometers x 0.5 micrometers and Tc < 90 mK - we approach a regime in which the noise equivalent power is dominated by fluctuations in power dissipating from the TES electrons to its phonons. Our ultimate goal is to build a TES bolometer that operates in this regime to be used for far-infrared and sub-mm astronomy. In this study, we characterize the R vs T behavior of small TES in order to...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOLOMETERS, CURRENT DENSITY, PARALLEL FLOW, ELECTRONS,...

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183

May 23, 2011
05/11

by
Wichman, Indrek S

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A model of the response of a diffusion flame (DF) to an adjacent heat loss or 'soot' layer on the fuel side is investigated. The thermal influence of the 'soot' or heat-loss layer on the DF occurs through the enthalpy sink it creates. A sink distribution in mixture-fraction space is employed to examine possible DF extinction. It is found that (1) the enthalpy sink (or soot layer) must touch the DF for radiation-induced quenching to occur; and (2) for fuel-rich conditions extinction is possible...

Topics: ASYMPTOTIC METHODS, PLANE WAVES, MODES, RESONANCE, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, BOUNDARY LAYER...

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177

Jul 26, 2010
07/10

by
Taasan, Shlom

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The efficient numerical treatment of optimal control problems governed by elliptic partial differential equations (PDEs) and systems of elliptic PDEs, where the control is finite dimensional is discussed. Distributed control as well as boundary control cases are discussed. The main characteristic of the new methods is that they are designed to solve the full optimization problem directly, rather than accelerating a descent method by an efficient multigrid solver for the equations involved. The...

Topics: AXISYMMETRIC BODIES, SHOCK TUNNELS, THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES, TRANSIENT HEATING, COMPUTERIZED...

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525

Jul 26, 2010
07/10

by
Leighty, Bradley D.; Rhodes, David B.; Franke, John M.; Jones, Stephen B

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A synchronous strobed laser light sheet generator was designed and used for flow visualization of a helicopter rotor model. The laser light sheet strobe circuit was designed to allow selectable blade position viewing, strobe duration, and multiple pulses per revolution for rotors having 2 to 9 blades. A slip-sync mode permits slow motion visualization of the flow field over complete rotations of the rotor. The design was tested at NASA Langley Research Center's 14 by 22 foot subsonic tunnel...

Topics: BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW, FLOW STABILITY, KINETIC ENERGY, MACH NUMBER, THREE DIMENSIONAL FLOW, TWO...

We attempt in this paper to develop a model for the flow through brush seals and determine their elastic behavior in order to predict the dependence of brush/journal clearance on geometry and operating conditions. Several idealizations regarding brush seal configuration, flow conditions, and elastic behavior are made in the analysis in order to determine closed form parametric dependence. This formulation assumes that there is no initial interference between the bristle tip and the rotor. Also,...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BRUSH SEALS, ENGINE DESIGN, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, SHAFTS...

Recent developments in the field of nonequilibrium thermodynamics associated with viscous flows are examined and related to developments to the understanding of specific phenomena in aerodynamics and aeroacoustics. A key element of the nonequilibrium theory is the principle of minimum entropy production rate for steady dissipative processes near equilibrium, and variational calculus is used to apply this principle to several examples of viscous flow. A review of nonequilibrium thermodynamics...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROACOUSTICS, AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS, ENERGY...

It has long been recognized that flow in the melt can have a profound influence on the dynamics of a solidifying interface and hence the quality of the solid material. In particular, flow affects the heat and mass transfer, and causes spatial and temporal variations in the flow and melt composition. This results in a crystal with nonuniform physical properties. Flow can be generated by buoyancy, expansion or contraction upon phase change, and thermo-soluto capillary effects. In general, these...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SHEAR FLOW, PARALLEL FLOW, DIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION...

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185

Jun 9, 2011
06/11

by
Bures, Tomas; Denney, Ewen; Fischer, Bernd; Nistor, Eugen C

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Program synthesis is the process of automatically deriving executable code from (non-executable) high-level specifications. It is more flexible and powerful than conventional code generation techniques that simply translate algorithmic specifications into lower-level code or only create code skeletons from structural specifications (such as UML class diagrams). Key to building a successful synthesis system is specializing to an appropriate application domain. The AUTOBAYES and AUTOFILTER...

Topics: ENGINE NOISE, SENSITIVITY, NOISE MEASUREMENT, ENGINE INLETS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, NOISE...

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134

Jun 13, 2011
06/11

by
Bruning, Claus; Ko, Malcolm; Lee, David; Miake-Lye, Richar

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This report presents an overview of the latest scientific consensus understanding of the effect of aviation emissions on the atmosphere for both local air quality and climate change in order to provide a contextual framework for raising future questions to help assess the environmental benefits of technology goals. Although studies of the two issues share a common framework (of quantifying the emissions, the change in concentrations in the atmosphere, and the environmental impacts), the...

Topics: BRAYTON CYCLE, WASTE HEAT, PARALLEL FLOW, HEAT PIPES, NUCLEAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION, COOLANTS, DESIGN...

Multiple scaling technique is used to examine the nonparallel instability of supersonic and hypersonic boundary-layer flows to three dimensional (first mode) and two dimensional (second mode) disturbances. The method is applied to the flat plate boundary layer for a range of Mach numbers from 0 to 10. Growth rates of disturbances are calculated based on three different criteria: following the maximum of the mass-flow disturbance, using an integral of the disturbance kinetic energy, and using...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW, BOUNDARY LAYER STABILITY, HYPERSONIC...

In the present work, the boundary element method (BEM) is chosen as the basic analysis tool, principally because the definition of temperature, flux, displacement and traction are very precise on a boundary-based discretization scheme. One fundamental difficulty is, of course, that a BEM formulation requires a considerable amount of analytical work, which is not needed in the other numerical methods. Progress made toward the development of a boundary element formulation for the study of hot...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHOD, COMPRESSIBLE FLOW, COMPUTATIONAL...

A general theory of boundary layer control by surface heating is presented. Some analytical results for a simplified model, i.e., the optimal control of temperature fluctuations in a shear flow are described. The results may provide a clue to the effectiveness of the active feedback control of a boundary layer flow by wall heating. In a practical situation, the feedback control may not be feasible from the instrumentational point of view. In this case the vibrational control introduced in...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ACTIVE CONTROL, AERODYNAMIC HEATING, BOUNDARY LAYER CONTROL,...

This paper reviews Lilley s reformulation of Lighthill s equation and shows that it can be obtained as a special case of a much more general acoustic analogy. It also shows how this generalized analogy can be used to eliminate some of the difficulties that arise when more conventional parallel flow analogies are applied to high speed jets. And, finally, some recent applications of these ideas are discussed.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROACOUSTICS, PARALLEL FLOW, TENSORS, HIGH SPEED, ENTROPY,...

Asymptotic methods are used to describe the nonlinear self-interaction between pairs of oblique instability modes that eventually develops when initially linear spatially growing instability waves evolve downstream in nominally two-dimensional laminar boundary layers. The first nonlinear reaction takes place locally within a so-called 'critical layer', with the flow outside this layer consisting of a locally parallel mean flow plus a pair of oblique instability waves - which may or may not be...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ASYMPTOTIC METHODS, BOUNDARY LAYER TRANSITION, LAMINAR...

The receptivity problem in a circular liquid jet is considered. A time harmonic axial pressure gradient is imposed on the steady, parallel flow of a jet of liquid emerging from a circular duct. Using a technique developed in plasma physics a casual solution to the forced problem is obtained over certain ranges of Weber number for a number of mean velocity profiles. This solution contains a term which grows exponentially in the downstream direction and can be identified with a capillary...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CAPILLARY FLOW, FLOW STABILITY, FLUID JETS, VELOCITY...

A splitting scheme is proposed for the numerical solution of the time-dependent, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations by spectral methods. A staggered grid is used for the pressure, improved intermediate boundary conditions are employed in the split step for the velocity, and spectral multigrid techniques are used for the solution of the implicit equations.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER EQUATIONS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS,...

The asymptotic formulations of the nonparallel linear stability of incompressible growing boundary layers are critically reviewed. These formulations can be divided into two approaches. The first approach combines a numerical method with either the method of multiple scales, or the method of averaging, of the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) approximation; all these methods yield the same result. The second approach combined a multi-structure theory with the method of multiple scales. The first...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER CONTROL, BOUNDARY LAYER STABILITY, LAMINAR...

Experiments were performed on a pilot model duct system in order to explore its aerodynamic characteristics. The model was scaled from a design projected for the high speed operation mode of the Aircraft Noise Reduction Laboratory. The test results show that the model performed satisfactorily and therefore the projected design will most likely meet the specifications.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DIFFUSERS, DUCTED FLOW, SCALE MODELS, SUBSONIC FLOW,...

The instability of the laminar boundary layer flow along a concave wall was studied. Observations of these three-dimensional boundary layer phenomena were made using the hydrogen-bubble visualization technique. With the application of stereo-photogrammetric methods in the air-water system it was possible to investigate the flow processes qualitatively and quantitatively. In the case of a concave wall of sufficient curvature, a primary instability occurs first in the form of Goertler vortices...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER TRANSITION, LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER, PARALLEL...

Levchenko and Solov'ev (1972, 1974) have developed a stability theory for space periodic flows, assuming that the Floquet theory is applicable to partial differential equations. In the present paper, this approach is extended to unsteady periodic flows. A complete unsteady formulation of the stability problem is obtained, and the stability characteristics over an oscillating period are determined from the solution of the problem. Calculations carried out for an oscillating incompressible...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER STABILITY, INCOMPRESSIBLE BOUNDARY LAYER,...

A major concern in advancing the state of the art technologies for hypersonic vehicles is the development of an aeropropulsion system capable of handling the high heat fluxes during flight. The leading edges of such systems must not only tolerate the maximum heating rates, but must also minimize distortions to the flow field due to excessive blunting and/or thermal warping of the compression surface to achieve the high inlet performance required. A combined analytical and experimental effort to...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AEROTHERMODYNAMICS, HEAT FLUX, HYPERSONIC VEHICLES, STRESS...

When a jet is perturbed by a periodic excitation of suitable frequency, a large-scale coherent structure develops and grows in amplitude as it propagates downstream. The structure eventually rolls up into vortices at some downstream location. The wavy flow associated with the roll-up of a coherent structure is approximated by a parallel mean flow and a small, spatially periodic, axisymmetric wave whose phase velocity and mode shape are given by classical (primary) stability theory. The periodic...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DESTABILIZATION, DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, GAS JETS, MACH...

Work completed under the current grant comprises the start of a theoretical and computational attack on the subharmonic route to secondary instabilities in compressible flows. The total flow field in this problem is made up of the following components: (1) a steady streamwise mean boundary layer flow which depends only on the normal space component y; (2) a two-dimensional time dependent T-S wave which moves with wavespeed c and has no spanwise dependence; and (3) a fully three-dimensional,...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW, COMPRESSIBLE FLOW, FLOW DISTRIBUTION,...

Many conceptual designs for advanced short-takeoff, vertical landing (ASTOVL) aircraft need exhaust nozzles that can vector the jet to provide forces and moments for controlling the aircraft's movement or attitude in flight near the ground. A type of nozzle that can both vector the jet and vary the jet flow area is called a vane nozzle. Basically, the nozzle consists of parallel, spaced-apart flow passages formed by pairs of vanes (vanesets) that can be rotated on axes perpendicular to the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), EXHAUST NOZZLES, NOZZLE DESIGN, NOZZLE FLOW, PARALLEL FLOW,...

Parallel computation of unsteady flows requires significant computational resources. The utilization of a network of workstations seems an efficient solution to the problem where large problems can be treated at a reasonable cost. This approach requires the solution of several problems: 1) the partitioning and distribution of the problem over a network of workstation, 2) efficient communication tools, 3) managing the system efficiently for a given problem. Of course, there is the question of...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PARALLEL COMPUTERS, UNSTEADY FLOW, MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, DATA...

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191

May 23, 2011
05/11

by
Moore, T. E.; Fok, M.-C.; Perez, J. D.; Keady, J. P

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We have used a three-dimensional model of recovery phase storm hot plasmas to explore the signatures of pitch angle distributions (PADS) in global fast atom imagery of the magnetosphere. The model computes mass, energy, and position-dependent PADs based on drift effects, charge exchange losses, and Coulomb drag. The hot plasma PAD strongly influences both the storm current system carried by the hot plasma and its time evolution. In turn, the PAD is strongly influenced by plasma waves through...

Topics: FLOW STABILITY, INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUIDS, INVISCID FLOW, PARALLEL FLOW, SHEAR LAYERS, FLOQUET THEOREM,...

Asymptotic methods are used to describe the nonlinear self-interaction between pairs of oblique instability modes that eventually develops when initially linear and spatially growing instability waves evolve downstream in nominally two-dimensional and spanwise periodic laminar boundary layers. The first nonlinear reaction takes place locally within a so-called 'critical layer' with the flow outside this layer consisting of a locally parallel mean flow plus an appropriate superposition of linear...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BOUNDARY LAYER TRANSITION, LAMINAR BOUNDARY LAYER, PARALLEL...

A technique was developed to cast frozen ice shapes that had been grown on a metal surface. This technique was applied to a series of ice shapes that were grown in the NASA Lewis Icing Research Tunnel on flat plates. Eight different types of ice growths, characterizing different types of roughness, were obtained from these plates, from which aluminum castings were made. Test strips taken from these castings were outfitted with heat flux gages, such that when placed in a dry wind tunnel, they...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AIRCRAFT SAFETY, CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER, DEICING, HEAT...

An exact expression is derived for the viscous dissipation function of a real homogeneous and isotropic fluid, which has terms associated with the square of vorticity, wave radiation, and dilatation. The implications of the principle of maximal dissipation rate, are explored by means of this equation for a parallel channel flow and a cylindrical vortex flow. The consequences of a condition of maximum dissipation rate on the growth of disturbances in an unsteady, laminar shear layer are...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DISSIPATION, SHEAR FLOW, TWO DIMENSIONAL FLOW, VORTICES,...

A boundary-layer transition study over a compression corner was conducted under a hypersonic flow condition. Due to the discontinuities in boundary layer flow, the full Navier-Stokes equations were solved to simulate the development of disturbance in the boundary layer. A linear stability analysis and PSE method were used to get the initial disturbance for parallel and non-parallel flow respectively. A 2-D code was developed to solve the full Navier-stokes by using WENO(weighted essentially...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HYPERSONIC BOUNDARY LAYER, STABILITY TESTS, SUPERSONIC FLOW,...

A linear instability model for multiple spatially periodic supersonic rectangular jets is solved using Floquet-Bloch theory. The disturbance environment is investigated using a two dimensional perturbation of a mean flow. For all cases large temporal growth rates are found. This work is motivated by an increase in mixing found in experimental measurements of spatially periodic supersonic rectangular jets with phase-locked screech. The results obtained in this paper suggests that phase-locked...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPRESSIBLE FLOW, PARALLEL FLOW, JET FLOW, PHASE LOCKED...

The performance of two axisymmetric nozzles which were designed to produce uniform, parallel flow with nominal Mach numbers of 4 and 8 is examined. A free-piston-driven shock tube was used to supply the nozzle with high-temperature, high-pressure test gas. The inviscid design procedure treated the nozzle expansion in two stages. Close to the nozzle throat, the nozzle wall was specified as conical and the gas flow was treated as a quasi-one-dimensional chemically-reacting flow. At the end of the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AXISYMMETRIC FLOW, HYPERSONIC NOZZLES, NOZZLE FLOW,...