155
155

Jun 12, 2011
06/11

by
Eckert, Klaus; Juedes, David; Welch, Lonnie; Chelberg, David; Bruggerman, Carl; Drews, Frank; Fleeman, David; Parrott, David; Pfarr, Barbar

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Abstract. This paper presents a model that is useful for developing resource allocation algorithms for distributed real-time systems .that operate in dynamic environments. Interesting aspects of the model include dynamic environments, utility and service levels, which provide a means for graceful degradation in resource-constrained situations and support optimization of the allocation of resources. The paper also provides an allocation algorithm that illustrates how to use the model for...

Topics: CRAY COMPUTERS, COMPUTER SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE, PARALLEL PROCESSING (COMPUTERS), LAPLACE EQUATION,...

This paper helps the reader understand the characteristics of the Cray X1 vector supercomputer system, and provides hints and information to enable the reader to port codes to the system. It provides a comparison between the basic performance of the X1 platform and other platforms that are available at NASA Ames Research Center. A set of codes, solving the Laplacian equation with different parallel paradigms, is used to understand some features of the X1 compiler. An example code from the NAS...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CRAY COMPUTERS, COMPUTER SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE, PARALLEL...

174
174

May 23, 2011
05/11

by
Jackson, E. Bruc

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A ten-page questionnaire was mailed to members of the AIAA Flight Simulation Technical Committee in the spring of 1994. The survey inquired about various aspects of developing and maintaining flight simulation software, as well as a few questions dealing with characterization of each facility. As of this report, 19 completed surveys (out of 74 sent out) have been received. This paper summarizes those responses.

Topics: CRAY COMPUTERS, HISTORIES, DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING, APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), SOFTWARE...

A series of efforts have been devoted to investigating methods of porting and parallelizing applications quickly and efficiently for new architectures, such as the SCSI Origin 2000 and Cray T3E. This report presents the parallelization of a CFD application, ARC3D, using the computer-aided tools, Cesspools. Steps of parallelizing this code and requirements of achieving better performance are discussed. The generated parallel version has achieved reasonably well performance, for example, having a...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, COMPUTER TECHNIQUES, CRAY...

The Bunch-Kaufman algorithm is the method of choice for factoring symmetric indefinite matrices in many applications. However, the Bunch-Kaufman algorithm does not take advantage of high-performance architectures such as the Cray Y-MP. Three new algorithms, based on Bunch-Kaufman factorization, that take advantage of such architectures are described. Results from an implementation of the third algorithm are presented.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGORITHMS, ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), FACTORIZATION, MATRICES...

We extend the Eta weather model from a regional domain into a belt domain that does not require meridional boundary conditions. We describe how the extension is achieved and the parallel implementation of the code on the Cray T3E and the SGI Origin 2000. We validate the forecast results on the two platforms and examine how the removal of the meridional boundary conditions affects these forecasts. In addition, using several domains of different sizes and resolutions, we present the scaling...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ATMOSPHERIC MODELS, PARALLEL PROCESSING (COMPUTERS), WEATHER...

117
117

May 28, 2011
05/11

by
Gorkavyi, Nick; Ozernoy, Leonid; Mather, John; Taidakova, Tany

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We develop a physical model of the zodiacal cloud incorporating the real dust sources of asteroidal, cometary, and kuiperoidal origin. Using the inferred distribution of the zodiacal dust, we compute its thermal emission and scattering at several wavelengths (1.25, 5, and 20 micron) as a function of NGST location assumed to be at 1 AU or 3 AU. Areas on the sky with a minimum of zodiacal light are determined.

Topics: AERODYNAMICS, CRAY COMPUTERS, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, HIGH RESOLUTION, ALGORITHMS, PARALLEL...

358
358

Jun 11, 2011
06/11

by
Farassat, F.; Myers, M. K

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Prediction of aerodynamic loads on bodies in arbitrary motion is considered from an acoustic point of view, i.e., in a frame of reference fixed in the undisturbed medium. An inhomogeneous wave equation which governs the disturbance pressure is constructed and solved formally using generalized function theory. When the observer is located on the moving body surface there results a singular linear integral equation for surface pressure. Two different methods for obtaining such equations are...

Topics: IBM COMPUTERS, RUN TIME (COMPUTERS), CRAY COMPUTERS, PARALLEL PROCESSING (COMPUTERS), SENSITIVITY...

A compact scheme is a discretization scheme that is advantageous in obtaining highly accurate solutions. However, the resulting systems from compact schemes are tridiagonal systems that are difficult to solve efficiently on parallel computers. Considering the almost symmetric Toeplitz structure, a parallel algorithm, simple parallel prefix (SPP), is proposed. The SPP algorithm requires less memory than the conventional LU decomposition and is highly efficient on parallel machines. It consists...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGORITHMS, FINITE DIFFERENCE THEORY, MATRICES (MATHEMATICS),...

The focus of this research is to implement a Lanczos algorithm for the Control-Structure Integration (CSI) code which can exploit both parallel and vector capabilities provided by modern, high performance computers. A partial restoring orthogonality scheme is also developed and incorporated into the basic Lanczos algorithm. The numerical performance of the proposed parallel-vector Lanczos algorithm is demonstrated by solving for the frequencies and mode shapes of the Phase Zero CSI model. The...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGORITHMS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, CONTROL SYSTEMS DESIGN,...

We present performance results for version 2.1 of the NAS Parallel Benchmarks (NPB) on the following architectures: IBM SP2/66 MHz; SGI Power Challenge Array/90 MHz; Cray Research T3D; and Intel Paragon. The NAS Parallel Benchmarks are a widely-recognized suite of benchmarks originally designed to compare the performance of highly parallel computers with that of traditional supercomputers.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), SUPERCOMPUTERS, PARALLEL COMPUTERS, CRAY COMPUTERS, COMPUTER...

In this paper, we report the results of our recent research on the application of a multiprocessor Cray T916 supercomputer in modeling super-thermal electron transport in the earth's magnetic field. In general, this mathematical model requires numerical solution of a system of partial differential equations. The code we use for this model is moderately vectorized. By using Amdahl's Law for vector processors, it can be verified that the code is about 60% vectorized on a Cray computer. Speedup...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CRAY COMPUTERS, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, VECTOR PROCESSING...

NASA created the Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation (NAS) Program in 1987 to focus resources on solving critical problems in aeroscience and related disciplines by utilizing the power of the most advanced supercomputers available. The NAS Program provides scientists with the necessary computing power to solve today's most demanding computational fluid dynamics problems and serves as a pathfinder in integrating leading-edge supercomputing technologies, thus benefitting other supercomputer centers...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMICS, AEROSPACE ENGINEERING, COMPUTATIONAL FLUID...

Five benchmark programs were obtained and run on the NASA Lewis CRAY X-MP/24. A comparison was made between the programs codes and between the methods for calculating performance figures. Several multitasking jobs were run to gain experience in how parallel performance is measured.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTER SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE, MULTIPROCESSING (COMPUTERS),...

This paper presents a detailed performance analysis of a multi-block overset grid compu- tational fluid dynamics app!ication on multiple state-of-the-art computer architectures. The application is implemented using a hybrid MPI+OpenMP programming paradigm that exploits both coarse and fine-grain parallelism; the former via MPI message passing and the latter via OpenMP directives. The hybrid model also extends the applicability of multi-block programs to large clusters of SNIP nodes by...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, PARALLEL PROCESSING...

159
159

May 23, 2011
05/11

by
NON

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Today, more than ever, aggressive leadership is required to ensure that our national investments in aeronautical research, technology, and facilities are shaped into a coordinated, and high-impact, strategy. Under the auspices of the National Science and Technology Council, and in conjunction with the domestic industry, universities, the Department of Defense, and the Federal Aviation Administration - our partners in aeronautics - we propose to provide that leadership, and this document is our...

Topics: NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION, WORKSTATIONS, TOPOLOGY, CONNECTORS, LIBRARIES, PARALLEL PROCESSING...

The theory and practice of implementing Tanemura's algorithm for 3D Delaunay triangulation on Intel's Gamma prototype, a 128 processor MIMD computer, is described. Efficient implementation of Tanemura's algorithm on a conventional, vector processing supercomputer is problematic. It does not vectorize to any significant degree and requires indirect addressing. Efficient implementation on a parallel architecture is possible, however. Speeds in excess of 20 times a single processor Cray Y-MP are...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), GRID GENERATION (MATHEMATICS), MIMD (COMPUTERS), PARALLEL...

With the present availability of parallel processors of vastly different architectures, there is a need for a common language interface to multiple types of machines. The parallel C compiler, currently under development, is intended to be such a language. This language is based on the belief that an algorithm designed around fine-grained parallelism can be mapped relatively easily to different parallel architectures, since a large percentage of the parallelism has been identified. The compiler...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPILERS, INTERFACES, MASSIVELY PARALLEL PROCESSORS,...

Design optimization of large structural systems can be attempted through a substructure strategy when convergence difficulties are encountered. When this strategy is used, the large structure is divided into several smaller substructures and a subproblem is defined for each substructure. The solution of the large optimization problem can be obtained iteratively through repeated solutions of the modest subproblems. Substructure strategies, in sequential as well as in parallel computational modes...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MULTIPROCESSING (COMPUTERS), STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS,...

This paper reports the performance of a parallel volume rendering algorithm for visualizing a large-scale, unstructured-grid dataset produced by a three-dimensional aerodynamics simulation. This dataset, containing over 18 million tetrahedra, allows us to extend our performance results to a problem which is more than 30 times larger than the one we examined previously. This high resolution dataset also allows us to see fine, three-dimensional features in the flow field. All our tests were...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMICS, ALGORITHMS, PARALLEL PROCESSING (COMPUTERS),...

Under the direction of Dr. Rhodes, and the technical supervision of Dr. Korzennik, the data assimilation of high spatial resolution solar dopplergrams has been carried out throughout the program on the Intel Delta Touchstone supercomputer. With the help of a research assistant, partially supported by this grant, and under the supervision of Dr. Korzennik, code development was carried out at SAO, using various available resources. To ensure cross-platform portability, PVM was selected as the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), HELIOSEISMOLOGY, DATA REDUCTION, PARALLEL PROCESSING...

Explicit codes are often used to simulate the nonlinear dynamics of large-scale structural systems, even for low frequency response, because the storage and CPU requirements entailed by the repeated factorizations traditionally found in implicit codes rapidly overwhelm the available computing resources. With the advent of parallel processing, this trend is accelerating because explicit schemes are also easier to parallelize than implicit ones. However, the time step restriction imposed by the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTER TECHNIQUES, DYNAMIC STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS, FINITE...

The issues involved in modifying an existing code for multitasking is explored. They include Cray extensions to FORTRAN, an examination of the application code under study, designing workable modifications, specific code modifications to the VAX and Cray versions, performance, and efficiency results. The finished product is a faster, fully synchronous, parallel version of the original program. A production program is partitioned by hand to run on two CPUs. Loop splitting multitasks three key...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), COMPUTER PROGRAMS,...

The recovery of a high resolution geopotential from satellite gradiometer observations motivates the examination of high performance computational techniques. The primary subject matter addresses specifically the use of satellite gradiometer and GPS observations to form and invert the normal matrix associated with a large degree and order geopotential solution. Memory resident and out-of-core parallel linear algebra techniques along with data parallel batch algorithms form the foundation of the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), GEOPOTENTIAL, HIGH RESOLUTION, SATELLITE OBSERVATION,...

A new Lagrangian formulation of the Euler equation is adopted for the calculation of 2-D supersonic steady flow. The Lagrangian formulation represents the inherent parallelism of the flow field better than the common Eulerian formulation and offers a competitive alternative on parallel computers. The implementation of the Lagrangian formulation on the Thinking Machines Corporation CM-2 Computer is described. The program uses a finite volume, first-order Godunov scheme and exhibits high accuracy...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, EULER EQUATIONS OF MOTION, FLOW...

This research was aimed at porting the T programming language, a dialect of LISP, to the Cray X/MP computer. The effort involved research into systems engineering and software engineering problems related not only to compiler design and implementation, but also to parallel computation, the X/MP being a shared-memory multiprocessor. Porting also involved the sub-tasks of retargeting the assembler, code-generator, and run-time system. A reasonably effective porting methodology that is relatively...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), COMPUTER SYSTEMS DESIGN, COMPUTER...

The focus of the Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) is to explore matches between advanced computing architectures and the processes of scientific research. An architecture evaluation of the MIT static dataflow machine, specification of a graphical language for expressing distributed computations, and specification of an expert system for aiding in grid generation for two-dimensional flow problems was initiated. Research projects for 1984 and 1985 are summarized.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS,...

239
239

May 23, 2011
05/11

by
Hsu, K.-J.; DeMore, W. B

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Rate constants and temperature dependencies for the reactions of OH with CF3OCH3 (HFOC-143a), CF2HOCF2H (HFOC-134), and CF3OCF2H (HFOC-125) were studied using a relative rate technique in the temperature range 298-393 K. The following absolute rate constants were derived: HFOC-143a, 1.9E-12 exp(-1555/T); HFOC-134, 1.9E-12 exp(-2006/T); HFOC-125, 4.7E-13 exp(-2095/T). Units are cm(exp 3)molecule(exp -1) s(exp -1). Substituent effects on OH abstraction rate constants are discussed, and it is...

Topics: MULTIPROCESSING (COMPUTERS), PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, NONLINEAR EQUATIONS, TAYLOR SERIES,...

An application for parallel computation on a combined cluster of powerful workstations and supercomputers was developed. A Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) is used as message passage language on a macro-tasking parallelization of the Aerodynamic Inverse Design and Analysis for a Full Engine computer code. The heterogeneous nature of the cluster is perfectly handled by the controlling host machine. Communication is established via Ethernet with the TCP/IP protocol over an open network. A...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), AERODYNAMICS, COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN, COMPUTER PROGRAMS,...

Problems which can arise with vector and parallel computers are discussed in a user oriented context. Emphasis is placed on the algorithms used and the programming techniques adopted. Three recently developed supercomputers are examined and typical application examples are given in CRAY FORTRAN, CYBER 205 FORTRAN and DAP (distributed array processor) FORTRAN. The systems performance is compared. The addition of parts of two N x N arrays is considered. The influence of the architecture on the...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), CDC COMPUTERS, COMPUTATION,...

The implementation on the Massively Parallel Processor (MPP) of a barotropic quasigeostrophic model of ocean circulation is discussed. The mathematical model, including scalings and boundary conditions is discussed. The numerical scheme, which uses compact differencing is also discussed. The implementation of this model on the MPP is then presented. Finally, some performance results are given and compared to results obtained using the VPS-32 and one processor of a CRAY-2.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), BAROTROPIC FLOW, MASSIVELY PARALLEL PROCESSORS, MATHEMATICAL...

A parallel algorithm for the solution of the generalized eigenproblem in linear elastic finite element analysis, (K)(phi)=(M)(phi)(omega), where (K) and (M) are of order N, and (omega) is of order q is presented. The parallel algorithm is based on a completely connected parallel architecture in which each processor is allowed to communicate with all other processors. The algorithm has been successfully implemented on a tightly coupled multiple-instruction-multiple-data (MIMD) parallel...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALGORITHMS, ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), FINITE ELEMENT METHOD,...

A technique allowing time-staggered solution of partial differential equations is presented in this report. Using this technique, called time-partitioning, simulation execution speedup is proportional to the number of processors used because all processors operate simultaneously, with each updating of the solution grid at a different time point. The technique is limited by neither the number of processors available nor by the dimension of the solution grid. Time-partitioning was used to obtain...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL GRIDS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, PARALLEL...

A procedure is outlined which utilizes parallel processing to solve the inviscid form of the average-passage equation system for multistage turbomachinery along with a description of its implementation in a FORTRAN computer code, MSTAGE. A scheme to reduce the central memory requirements of the program is also detailed. Both the multitasking and I/O routines referred to are specific to the Cray X-MP line of computers and its associated SSD (Solid-State Disk). Results are presented for a...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, INVISCID FLOW, PARALLEL...

A finite difference code was implemented for the compressible Navier-Stokes equations on the Connection Machine, a massively parallel computer. The code is based on the ARC2D/ARC3D program and uses the implicit factored algorithm of Beam and Warming. The codes uses odd-even elimination to solve linear systems. Timings and computation rates are given for the code, and a comparison is made with a Cray XMP.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, FINITE...

Distributed-memory parallel computers dominate today's parallel computing arena. These machines, such as Intel Paragon, IBM SP2, and Cray Origin2OO, have successfully delivered high performance computing power for solving some of the so-called "grand-challenge" problems. Despite initial success, parallel machines have not been widely accepted in production engineering environments due to the complexity of parallel programming. On a parallel computing system, a task has to be...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), DISTRIBUTED MEMORY, PARALLEL COMPUTERS, PARALLEL PROCESSING...

Scientists at NASA Ames Research Center have been developing computational aeroscience applications on highly parallel architectures over the past ten years. During that same time period, a steady transition of hardware and system software also occurred, forcing us to expend great efforts into migrating and re-coding our applications. As applications and machine architectures become increasingly complex, the cost and time required for this process will become prohibitive. In this paper, we...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS,...

Parallel algorithms for the solution of linear parabolic problems are proposed. The first of these methods is based on using polynomial approximation to the exponential. It does not require solving any linear systems and is highly parallelizable. The two other methods proposed are based on Pade and Chebyshev approximations to the matrix exponential. The parallelization of these methods is achieved by using partial fraction decomposition techniques to solve the resulting systems and thus offers...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPROXIMATION, CHEBYSHEV APPROXIMATION, COMPUTATION, LINEAR...

The influence of recent developments in supercomputing on computational chemistry is discussed with particular reference to Cray computers and their pipelined vector/limited parallel architectures. After reviewing Cray hardware and software the performance of different elementary program structures are examined, and effective methods for improving program performance are outlined. The computational strategies appropriate for obtaining optimum performance in applications to quantum chemistry and...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY, COMPUTER TECHNIQUES, CRAY COMPUTERS,...

The implementation of an ADI method for solving the diffusion equation on three parallel/vector computers is discussed. The computers were chosen so as to encompass a variety of architectures. They are: the MPP, an SIMD machine with 16K bit serial processors; FLEX/32, an MIMD machine with 20 processors; and CRAY/2, an MIMD machine with four vector processors. The Gaussian elimination algorithm is used to solve a set of tridiagonal systems on the FLEX/32 and CRAY/2 while the cyclic elimination...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ALTERNATING DIRECTION IMPLICIT METHODS, ARCHITECTURE...

The massively parallel processor is compared to the CRAY X-MP and the CYBER-205 for LANDSAT data processing. The maximum likelihood classification algorithm is the basis for comparison since this algorithm is simple to implement and vectorizes very well. The algorithm was implemented on all three machines and tested by classifying the same full scene of LANDSAT multispectral scan data. Timings are compared as well as features of the machines and available software.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CDC CYBER 205 COMPUTER, COMPUTER SYSTEMS PERFORMANCE, CRAY...

We study the computational, communication, and scalability characteristics of a Computational Fluid Dynamics application, which solves the time accurate flow field of a jet using the compressible Navier-Stokes equations, on a variety of parallel architectural platforms. The platforms chosen for this study are a cluster of workstations (the LACE experimental testbed at NASA Lewis), a shared memory multiprocessor (the Cray YMP), distributed memory multiprocessors with different topologies-the IBM...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), NAVIER-STOKES EQUATION, PARALLEL PROCESSING (COMPUTERS),...

Parallel-vector supercomputers have been the workhorses of high performance computing. As expectations of future computing needs have risen faster than projected vector supercomputer performance, much work has been done investigating the feasibility of using Massively Parallel Processor systems as supercomputers. An even more recent development is the availability of high performance workstations which have the potential, when clustered together, to replace parallel-vector systems. We present a...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), MASSIVELY PARALLEL PROCESSORS, SUPERCOMPUTERS, PARALLEL...

164
164

May 23, 2011
05/11

by
Blackwelder, Ron F

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This note describes an attempt to use standard neural network tools to fashion a means of detecting eddy patterns in the wall region of a turbulent flow. The research was motivated by the desire to formulate a means to use only flow parameters that can be sensed on the wall to describe the passing eddy structure. If a simple formulation can be obtained, it could conceivably be utilized to control actuators embedded in the wall. Such actuators have been developed by Jacobson and Reynolds...

Topics: UNSTEADY FLOW, FLOW VELOCITY, VORTICES, MOLECULAR DIFFUSION, HIGH REYNOLDS NUMBER, FLAMES, EDDY...

An important problem in scientific computing consists in finding a few eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors of a very large and sparse matrix. The most popular methods to solve these problems are based on projection techniques on appropriate subspaces. The main attraction of these methods is that they only require the use of the matrix in the form of matrix by vector multiplications. The implementations on supercomputers of two such methods for symmetric matrices, namely Lanczos' method...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), CRAY COMPUTERS, EIGENVALUES, EIGENVECTORS, MULTIPLICATION,...

The use of Force, a parallel, portable FORTRAN on shared memory parallel computers is described. Force simplifies writing code for parallel computers and, once the parallel code is written, it is easily ported to computers on which Force is installed. Although Force is nearly the same for all computers, specific details are included for the Cray-2, Cray-YMP, Convex 220, Flex/32, Encore, Sequent, Alliant computers on which it is installed.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, PARALLEL PROCESSING (COMPUTERS), USER...

Mainframe supercomputers such as the Cray C90 was invaluable in obtaining large scale computations using several millions of grid points to resolve salient features of a tip vortex flow over a lifting wing. However, real flight configurations require tracking not only of the flow over several lifting wings but its growth and decay in the near- and intermediate- wake regions, not to mention the interaction of these vortices with each other. Resolving and tracking the evolution and interaction of...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), PARALLEL PROCESSING (COMPUTERS), VORTICES, CENTRAL PROCESSING...

Many ecosystem simulation computer codes have been developed in the last twenty-five years. This development took place initially on main-frame computers, then mini-computers, and more recently, on micro-computers and workstations. Supercomputing platforms (both parallel and distributed systems) have been largely unused, however, because of the perceived difficulty in accessing and using the machines. Also, significant differences in the system architectures of sequential, scalar computers and...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), COMPUTER PROGRAMS, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, CRAY COMPUTERS,...

We study the computational, communication, and scalability characteristics of a computational fluid dynamics application, which solves the time accurate flow field of a jet using the compressible Navier-Stokes equations, on a variety of parallel architecture platforms. The platforms chosen for this study are a cluster of workstations (the LACE experimental testbed at NASA Lewis), a shared memory multiprocessor (the Cray YMP), and distributed memory multiprocessors with different topologies -...

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), ARCHITECTURE (COMPUTERS), COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS,...

The solution of large systems of matrix equations is key to the solution of a large number of scientific and engineering problems. This talk describes the sparse matrix solver developed at Langley which can routinely solve in excess of 263,000 equations in 40 seconds on one Cray C-90 processor. It appears that for large scale structural analysis applications, sparse matrix methods have a significant performance advantage over other methods.

Topics: NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS (COMPUTERS), MATRICES (MATHEMATICS),...