Skip to main content

Full text of "1. IJCSE Review On Usage Of New Media Among Undergraduate Students"

See other formats


International Journal of Computer Science 
and Engineering (IJCSE) 

ISSN (P): 2278-9960; ISSN (E): 2278-9979 
Vol. 7, Issue 1, Dec - Jan 2018; 1-8 
©IASET 


IASET 


International Academy of Science, 
Engineering and Technology 

Connecting Researchers; Nurturing Innovations 


REVIEW ON USAGE OF NEW MEDIA, AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS 

Ayesha Sultana Ahmed 1 & A. Mary Swarnalatha 2 

1 Research Scholar, College of Home Science, Professor Jay ashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, 

Hyderabad, Telangana, India 

2 Professor & Head, Department of Home Science Extension and Communication Management, Professor 
Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Hyderabad, Telangana India 


ABSTRACT 

In the era of networked information, Internet is the largest worldwide network that has emerged as a powerful 
educational tool for an instant access to information. It has made a tremendous impact on the academic activities of the 
teachers and students. Information is just a 'finger touch’ away from the user and it would not be inappropriate to say that 
the Internet has become the biggest global digital information library, which provides the fastest access to the right kind of 
information in nano-seconds to end user, at any time and at any place in the world. The advancement of technology in the 
twenty-first century, paved way for the limitless ideas to conceive countless innovated devices, which are mostly used by 
humans nowadays. This high-tech revolution conceived the so-called technological jungle encircling our planet. 
New media is a method of mass communication, using digital technologies such as the Internet. It is accessible on any 
digital device, usually containing interactive user feedback and creative participation. Common examples of new media 
include websites such as online newspapers, blogs, or wikis, video games, and social media. 

KEYWORDS: Mass Communication, Social Media, Social Networking Web Sites, Internet Usage 


Article History 

Received: 28 Nov 2017 I Revised: 05 Dec 2017 I Accepted: 14 Dec 2017 


INTRODUCTION 

Internet is a powerful educational tool for an instant access to information. It has made a tremendous impact on 
the academic activities of the teachers and students. Information is just a ‘finger touch’ away from the user and has become 
the biggest global digital information library, providing fastest access to the right kind of information in nano-seconds to 
the user at any time and at any place in the world. New media is a means of mass communication, using digital 
technologies such as the Internet. It is accessible on any digital device, usually containing interactive user feedback and 
creative participation. 

The drastic growth of Internet usage has changed the lives of millions of people around the globe during the last 
decade. For students and teachers, the Internet has become an increasingly important part of the educational process. 
The college students of this generation have been considered to be inclined in the use of technology. In their everyday 


www.iaset.us 


editor@iaset.us 





2 


Ayesha Sultana Ahmed & A. Mary Swarnalatha 


activities, technology plays a vital role. Different websites such as Facebook, Google, Twitter, etc. are being used by the 
students for studies, entertainment or communication. Technology is a very helpful invention man has ever invented. 
As time continues to run, different technologies will continue to evolve. As a result, more activities can be done with the 
use of these. A newer form of communication, a much easier access to academic researches, instant messaging, 
reading and creating blogs, and downloading music and videos have been in the list of priority of the students as they are 
the most wired generation in history. 

The college students these days are more socially isolated, they tend to rely on technology to obtain social 
support. College works and deadlines make them isolate themselves from the social world. It is normal for college students 
to endure some stress; “excessive” levels of stress can have negative physical health effects (Cohen, Tyrrell, & Smith, 
1991; Kivimaki et al., 2002; Lillberg et ah, 2003; Nahit et ah, 2003; Takkouche, Regueria, &Gestal-Otero, 
2001; Verthein& Kohler, 1997). In such situations, these technologies play a large role in keeping college students 
connected to family and friends, to obtain social support as a buffer to “excessive” stress. 

Social Networking Web Sites 

Social networking websites allow users to connect with people who share the same interest, 
activities and characteristics with them. Social networking web sites also allow various modes of communication between 
users, for example, blogs, private messages, wall posts, pictures, and comments. It is used by students because not only 
they can communicate with other people and update what they have been up to but also fdes and pictures related about 
academic purposes can be uploaded and be used as reviewer paraphernalia. The most commonly used social networking 
sites are Facebook, Yahoo, Twitter, Gmail and Watsapp. 

Cell Phones 

A very convenient technology used basically for communication. Cell phones have text messaging functionality. 
College students prefer text message communications to e-mail. Smart phones are now dominating the markets which have 
additional features just like camera, music player and picture, file, and application downloader. A smart phone is a cellular 
telephone with an integrated computer and other features not originally associated with telephones, such as an operating 
system, Web browsing and the ability to run software applications. 

Laptops/Desktops 

Laptops or desktops are one of the most needed technologies by college students. Editing of projects and 
researches is much easier with them. 

Need For the Present Study 

The ever increasing number of people accessing Internet coupled with recent explosion of information resources 
on the Internet may have considerable implications for teaching, learning and research. 
Teachers and students are depending more and more on the Internet for their various educational purposes. 
The present survey is, therefore, an attempt to assess the effectiveness of Internet as an educational tool, and what role it 
actually plays in the educational system with special reference to the undergraduate students of the college of Home 
Science. The Internet is an inseparable part of today's educational system. It is necessary to conduct a study to determine 
whether Internet is used for academic activities and how the Internet has influences the academic efficiency of the target 


Impact Factor (JCC): 5.9867 


NAAS Rating: 3.17 


Review on Usage of New Media Among Undergraduate Students 


3 


users. The study is taken up with the following objectives: 

• To find out the purpose of use of internet by the students. 

• To study the usage pattern of internet by the undergraduate students. 

• To explore the problems directly caused by using Internet by the students. 

REVIEW OF LITERATURE 

A review of the literature is an essential part of a research which is a careful examination of the literature pointing 
towards the answer to the research question. A comprehensive review of literature aids in any research endeavour. 
The main purpose of collecting the review of literature is to gain a backward knowledge of different related researches 
conducted on the current topic and to help in identifying appropriate research design, methods of measuring concepts, 
analyse the data obtained, use of techniques to evaluate the posture and discuss the data collected. 

Purpose of Use of Internet among the Students 

Asemi (2005) studied the search habits of Internet users at the Medical University of Isfahan (MUI), 
a governmental university in Isfahan city, Iran. Efforts were to find the search requirements related to the use of the 
Internet information. Data was collected by using a questionnaire from five faculties. Fifty-five percent of respondents 
search for scientific information through the Internet because the university library has provided access to various 
databases and online journals for all students and staff. It was unveiled that the Internet services are normally used for 
research. Google and Yahoo search engines were more widely used compared to other search engines. 
The analysis revealed that 54 percent of Internet users always found useful information on the Internet. Thirty-one percent 
of respondents believed that quality information is available on the Internet and finally, 35% of the studied population use 
print, online and offline form of information for updating their subject knowledge. 

Erin (2006) explored the extent to which technology disrupted and occupied the time of a college student and how 
this led to stress. A 71-item survey to assess perceived stress, technology use and disruptions, and social support was 
administered to 299 undergraduate students. The results indicated 25% of participants had problems with disruptions from 
technology, and more disruptions from technology are related to higher levels of perceived stress. 

Adeyinka (2007) examined undergraduate’s use of the Internet and its implications on their academic 
performance, at the University of Botswana, Gaborone. Three hundred and six undergraduate students from thirteen 
departments formed the study sample. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics, 
chi-square and Friedman test. The results indicated that: majority of the respondents (66%) accessed the Internet 1-5 hours 
per week, 33.3% of respondents accessed the Internet 6-20 hours per week and 0.7% of respondents accessed the Internet 
between 21-25 hours per week. Moreover, most respondents use the Internet for obtaining course related information. 
The results also revealed that Internet contributes significantly to academic performance of the respondents. 

Khare, et al (2007) conducted a survey to study the pattern of Internet use, satisfaction with the search results, 
etc. among the research scholars of the various faculties at H.S. Gour University, Sagar, M.P. for the survey a total of 210 
research scholars registered in the 10 faculties of the university during the year 2005-06 were selected. 
A sample population of 100 was selected from the 10 faculties. The findings revealed that the rate of Internet use is more in 
research scholars of Science, Life Sciences, Engineering, Technology and Management faculties as compared to the 


www.iaset.us 


editor@iaset.us 



4 


Ayesha Sultana Ahmed & A. Mary Swarnalatha 


faculties of Arts, Social Sciences, Law, Education and Commerce. The research scholars use Internet for research purpose, 
entertainment as well as for job search. 

Becker (2010) conducted a study on the Internet use by 2250 teachers from public and private schools in the US. 
The results revealed that 90 per cent of the teachers had Internet access. A majority of the teachers (68 per cent) used 
Internet to find information resources for preparing their lessons. 

Coniglio et al (2012), conducted a study to collect information on Internet usage patterns, in a group of Italian 
university students. The sample comprised 600 Italian university students, enrolled in various faculties, in two different 
universities: Catania (n=300; 150 males and 150 females) and Palermo (n=300; 150 males and 150 females). 
Chi-square test (P<0.05) was applied to examine differences between the two groups of students 
(Catania versus Palermo), and for comparisons between male and female students. The results indicated that respondents 
were ‘minimal’ (82.5%) or ‘moderate’ (17.5%) Internet users. None of the enrolled university students met the criteria of 
definite IAD, although a fairly high level of at-risk Internet attitudes and behaviours was found. 

Urmatam et al (2015), conducted a study to determine the variety and frequency of use of technology, 
particularly both in general and specific manner, of college students enrolled in University of Santo Tomas in the form of a 
survey. The data was collected from forty random students chosen from five different colleges by means of fish-bowl 
method. The data was analysed and the results of the study indicated that most students were using technology for 
entertainment. The most common specific use of entertainment for students is playing online or installed games in their 
respective high-technological gadgets. 

Pattern and Problems of Use of Internet 

Chandran (2000) conducted a study at S V University, Tirupathi, a structured questionnaire was designed and 
distributed to 100 users of the SVU digital library. The results revealed that more than a one-third of the users 
(35 per cent) use Internet daily followed by 30 per cent weekly, 28 per cent monthly, and 7 per cent occasionally. 
The use of internet resources showed that almost half of the respondents (49 per cent) came to the SVU digital library to 
use e-journals, followed by 33.5 per cent for theses and dissertations, 13.5 per cent for e-books, 12.5 per for Internet-based 
databases, 11.5 per cent for technical reports, 11.5 per cent for standards and patents, and 4 per cent for other purposes. 

Kaur (2000) conducted a survey regarding the use of Internet facility, at the Guru Nanak Dev University, 
Amritsar. The study indicated that all respondents used Internet for sending e-mail and 82% for Web. More than 60% of 
the respondents used Internet for primary information. 38% for secondary and only 15% used it for consulting OPACs. 
The results of the study further showed that more than 80% of the respondents felt that in comparison to traditional 
documents, Internet was time saving, easy to use, more informative, more useful and more preferred. 

Laite (2000) surveyed 406 graduate and undergraduate students from Shippensburg University. 
The survey showed that 57.6% of the undergraduate students used the Internet 1-2 times per week and another 37.1% used 
it 1-2 times daily. The survey showed that the most used Internet service was e-mail. A hundred per cent of the graduates 
and undergraduate students used e-mail service. 

Kanaujia and Satyanarayana (2003) conducted a study of the Science & Technology community of Lucknow city, 
to assess the level of awareness and demand of web based learning environment, among Science & Technology 
information seekers. The major findings of the study revealed that, 49.2% users browsed the Web for more than 2 to 4 


Impact Factor (JCC): 5.9867 


NAAS Rating: 3.17 


Review on Usage of New Media Among Undergraduate Students 


5 


hours and 14% for more than 5 hours a day. The study further showed that, 36.6% users consulted e-journals regularly on 
the Internet, 40.4% used Internet for consulting technical reports, 24.8% to find online databases and 10.4% for telnet 
service. 

Hanau ret al. (2004) surveyed a diverse community college to assess the use of the Internet by the students for 
health-related information. Eighty-one per cent of the students reported to access the Internet most for college work and 
80% for e-mail/chat. 

Mishra, et al (2005) conducted a research study to learn the Internet utilization patterns of undergraduate students, 
at the G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar. The findings of the study indicate that, a majority of 
the students (85.7%) used the Internet. The findings of the study also showed that, 61.5% of the males and 51.6% of the 
females used the Internet for preparing assignments. A majority of the respondents i.e. 83.1% male and 61.3% female 
respondents faced the problem of slow functioning of Internet connections. 

Kaur and Kumar (2006), analysed the use of the Internet and related issues among the teachers and the students of 
engineering colleges in India’s three States viz. Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. A well-structured questionnaire 
was distributed among the 1980 teachers and students of all the engineering colleges of the three states of India under 
study. It was found that, the Internet has become a vital instrument for teaching, research and learning process of these 
respondents. 

George et Al. (2006) explored graduate students' information behaviour related to their process of inquiry and 
scholarly activities. In depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with one hundred graduate students from 
Carnegie Mellon University. The study showed that information search at the university is basically through Internet and 
Intranet facilities. The students generally do Google search (73%), find web pages (68%), journals (50%), citation chaining 
(48%), and other general searching (47%). 

Muniandy (2010), conducted a preliminary study on how undergraduate students at a local university in Malaysia 
use the Internet for academic purposes. The research questions answered were (i) what is the level of Internet usage skill? 
(ii) How is the Internet used for academic purposes? (iii) To what extent are Internet facilities used for academic purposes? 
(iv) What are the pathways and search engines used to find information? (v) What is the perception of students toward the 
quality of learning by using the Internet for academic purposes? The data was collected from 92 undergraduate students at 
a local university and analysed by using descriptive statistics. 

Sakina et al (2011) conducted a study on Internet use among University of Punjab, Lahore. The objective of the 
study was to explore the internet use behaviour of students. A data collection instrument was developed and a sample of 
300 users was chosen using the “Accidental Sampling” technique. The results showed that, most of the students use 
internet for course related reading and research needs. A large number of students have learnt to use the internet tool by 
themselves or on assistance from friends without attending any training programmes. 

Chathoth (2013) in her study “Internet Behaviour Pattern in undergraduate medical students in Mangalore” 
revealed the prevalence of internet addiction in undergraduate medical students. The study involved 90 subjects selected by 
random sampling from the first year undergraduate medical student’s population at Kasturba Medical College Mangalore. 
Young’s internet addiction test questionnaire was administered. The result revealed the prevalence of moderate to severe 
internet addiction appeared to be low, a significant number of students confirm to mild addiction. 


www.iaset.us 


editor@iaset.us 



6 


Ayesha Sultana Ahmed & A. Mary Swarnalatha 


Ruzgar (2015), conducted an online survey at a Turkish University to obtain student views about internet usage. 
The sample was drawn from different faculties of Marmara University in Turkey. 744 students answered online survey and 
the data was analysed using SPSS package. The results indicated that, in the future the profile of education will be 
changed; mostly the students will access to Internet and take their courses via Internet. The young generation was exposed 
to Internet at very early ages and this would rapidly increase Internet usage in the near future. 

Limaye (2015) et al conducted a cross sectional study, to investigate the use of internet facility among 
undergraduate students from Mumbai University using a validated questionnaire. A total of 150 students 
(75 male and 75 female) were scored using the questionnaire to determine the number of hours they spend on the use of 
internet and also the purpose for which they use internet. The study showed that more than 90% of students spend 2 hours 
or more daily surfing on internet. For 40% of the students reason for surfing is non-academic work. 

Vijayakumar and Remy (2015) described the internet usage pattern in their study. A well-structured questionnaire 
was distributed among the 200 students of the five nursing colleges in Kollam district. Majority of the students expressed 
their interest in the use of internet and enthusiastic in improving their skills in the use of internet. The study concluded that 
more awareness about internet resources and orientation in use of the same need to be provided. 

Parmar (2015) in his study investigated how students use the internet facilities and what are the different uses of 
internet. The study focussed on the various factors affecting on the internet usage. Majority of respondent used internet 
every day and were staying in hostel. The preferred time for using internet is 16:00 to 20:00 Hrs and majority respondent 
use internet for 2-4 hours. Respondents mostly use internet for search of study related information followed by finding out 
new information, downloading of research articles, Reading Newspaper, Email, Job application. 

Retrevo (2015), (website focused on electronics and gadgets) surveyed more than 1,000 people via an online 
panel for their use of social media (Facebook and Twitter). The results reveal that, a large proportion of respondents are 
almost obsessed and check their social networks, day and night. The researchers from Retrevo had split the respondents 
into three groups: fewer than 25, over 25 and I phone users. Almost half of the respondents check Facebook and Twitter 
during the night or from the moment they wake up. Twitter replaced all for 16% of respondents to the breakfast news. 
Social media is becoming a habit; it leaves more than half of the respondents see through a day without being able to 
Facebook. Twelve per cent checked Facebook even a few times per hour. 

CONCLUSIONS 

The Internet as medium of communication is useful in education, and has become an important means of 
delivering the information needed. The use of the Internet is an evolving phenomenon at this stage. 
Its use in the college by all the students for academic purpose and leisure activities. One can very well visualize a situation 
when all users will have achieved near perfection in the use of and full dependency on the Internet for their information 
needs. So there is a vast scope of future research in different types of users' behaviour and comparison of users' behaviour 
towards the Internet. 


Impact Factor (JCC): 5.9867 


NAAS Rating: 3.17 


Review on Usage of New Media Among Undergraduate Students 


7 


REFERENCES 

1. Adeyinka T, “University of Botswana Undergraduates Uses of the Internet: Implications on Academic 
Performance”, Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences, Volume -4 number -2,Ppl61-185 

2. Asemi A. 2005, “Information searching habits of Internet users: A case study on the Medical Sciences University 
of Isfahan, Iran ”, http://www.webology.org/2005A’2nl/al0.html 

3. Becker and Henry, J. “Internet use by teachers", http://www.crito.uci.edu/TLC/findings/Intemet-Use/startpage. 

4. Cliatlioth V M, Kodavanji B, Arunkumar N, Pai S R, 2013 “Internet behaviour pattern in undergraduate medical 
students in Mangalore”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 
Volume. 2, Issue 6, June. 

5. Coniglio M A, Sidoti E, Pignato S, Giammanco G, Marranzano M, 2012, “A pilot study of Internet usage patterns 
in a group of Italian university students”, Italian Journal Of Public Health - Volume 9, Number. 

6. Kalpana Agrawal & Huzefa Jaliwala, Effect of Social Media on E-Purchase amongst Youth, International 
Journal of Business Management & Research (IJBMR), Volume 3, Issue 2, May-June 2013, pp. 131-136 

7. Erin L G and Peterson M2006, ” Technology Use among College Students: Implications for Student Affairs 
Professionals NASPA Journal 01/; 43(2). 

8. George, C., Bright, A., Hurlbert, T., Linke, E.C., St. Clair, G. & Stein, J. 2006.Scholarly use of graduate students’ 

information seeking behaviour. Information Research, 11(4). Retrieved July 24, 2009, 

from http://InformationR.net/ir/ll-4/paper272.html 

9. Wei-Pang Wu & Dr. Hui-Ling Yang, An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship between College Students 
Flow Frequency of Internet Usage and Internet Addiction, International Journal of Educational Science and 
Research (IJESR), Volume 5, Issue 2, March-April 2015, pp. 9-14 

10. Hanauer D., Dibble E., Fortin, J., & Col NF, 2004, “Internet use among community college students: 
Implications in designing healthcare interventions”, Journal of American College Health, 52(5), 197-202. 

11. Hong, K.-S., Ridzuan, A. A., &Kuek, M.-K, 2003, “Students' attitudes toward the use of the Internet for learning: 

A study at a university in Malaysia”, Educational Technology & Society, 6(2), 45-49, (ISSN 1436-4522) 

12. Jagboro, K.O, 2003. “A Study of Internet Usage in Nigerian Universities: A Case Study of ObafemiAwolowo 
University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria”, Peer Reviewed Journal First Monday, Volume 8, Issue 2. 

13. Khare, Shashi Kant; Thapa, Neelam&Sahoo, K.C. 2007, “Internet as a source of information: A survey of PhD 
scholars”. Ann. Lib. Inf. Stud., 54, 201-06. 

14. Kaur, A. 2000 “Internet facility at Guru Nanak Dev University: A survey”. National Seminar on Academic 
Libraries in the Modern Era, Organized by IASLIC, 4-6 December, Bhopal. 

15. A. K. Kavitha, The Importance of Internet and Factors Influencing Internet Usage of Teaching Faculties - A Study 
with Special Reference to Selected Arts Colleges Affiliated to Bharathiar University, International Journal of 
Library Science and Research (IJLSR), Volume 6, Issue 4, July-August 2016, pp. 11-16 


www.iaset.us 


editor@iaset.us 



8 


Ayesha Sultana Ahmed & A. Mary Swarnalatha 


16. Laite, B. (2000). Internet use survey: analysis. http://www.ship.edu/~bhl/siirveY 

17. Limaye R and Hannover G F H, 2015, “Use of Internet among Undergraduate Students From Mumbai, 
India”, International Journal of Electronics & Communication Technology Vol. 6, Issue 2, April - June 

18. Kanaujia, S., &Satyanararayana, N.R. 2003, “Status of awareness and demand of web-Based learning 
environment among the S&T information seekers”. International Conference on Mapping Technology on 
Libraries and People, Organized by INFLIBNET, 13-15 February 2003, Ahmedabad. 

19. Kumar Raj and Kaur A, 2006, “Internet Use by Teachers and Students in Engineering Colleges of Punjab, 
Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh States of India: An Analysis”, Electronic Journal of Academic and Special 
Librarianship, volume. 7 no.l (Spring 2006) 

20. Mishra, O.P., Yadava, N., &Bisht, K. 2005, “Internet Utilization Pattern of Undergraduate Students”, University 
News, 43(13), p.8-12. 

21. Muniandy B, 2010, “Academic Use of Internet among Undergraduate Students: A Preliminary Case Study in a 
Malaysian University”,International Journal of Cyber Society and Education Pages 171-178, Vol. 3, No. 2. 

22. Rajeev, Manilas. 2008 “Use of Internet and electronic resources for dental sciences information: A case study”. 
Lib. Philos. Prac., September. 

23. Remy. S, and Vijayakumar A, 2015, “Internet and their impact on Information Behaviour: A case study”, 
International Research Journal of Interdisciplinary & Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume-I, Issue-VII, 
August, Page No. 152-158. 

24. Ruzgar NS, 2005, “A research on the purpose of internet usage and learning via internet”. The Turkish Online 
Journal of Educational Technology, ISSN: 1303-6521 volume 4 Issue 4. 

25. Sakina, Bashir and Khalid, Mahmood and Farzana, Shafiq 2011 Internet Use among University Students: 
A Survey in University of the Punjab, Lahore. Department of Library and Information Science, 
Islamia University of Bahawalpur 

26. Urmatam CMI, Valdesancho MA, VillamayorGPP, Hi RAV, Vital TFV, 2015 “Defining the Varied Uses of 
Technology among College Students in University of Santo Tomas”. 


Impact Factor (JCC): 5.9867 


NAAS Rating: 3.17