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BY 

HUBERT HOWE BANCROFT 



Profit and Loss attending the European War 
in its relation to America and the Economic 
Potentialities of San Francisco Bay. Price 

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NEW YORK 
TKE BANCROFT COMPANY. PUBLISHERS 

1915 



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RETROSPECTION 



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OTHER WORKS 

WEST AMERICAN SERIES OF HISTORIES 

LLTERARY INDUSTRIES 

THE BOOK OF THE FAIR 

THE BOOK OF WEALTH 

THE NEW PACIFIC 

POPULAR HISTORY OF MEXICO 

RETROSPECTION 



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An ahhth rhapter la "Bptroapprlian" 



MODERN FALLACIES 



PROLOGUE; SATAN, SOLUS 



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"S 



or Is it ao, my chndren"?^and he smiled, plyinfr his 
taiT with complacency. "Is It thug I fiod you amuaiag 
yourselves aa Moaes found hia people on coming donn 
from the Mount? — only I see nothins in your gambolings quite 
BO rational as making for yourseives a. golden calf to worship. 
A somewhat freer indulgence in blood-lust and malevolence than 
the QccaEion calls for, la it not? Christian Europe, In the most 
humane age of the world dehumanized, imbruted, all ablaze 
in B. frenzy of wrath, your aongs of happinesa turned to hymns 
of hate, and this, four thousand years from Abraham, two thou- 
eand years from Christ. An advance in moral uprightness and 
refinement, truly! — though seemingly a profltlesE Industry breed- 
ing men for manure. I am surprised* — and pleased, though I 
take shame in that I have no entertainment to offer you sur- 
passing this. - ''-; 

"Or la it only an infernal festival 1 see, a celebration per- 
chance of your vaunted civiiization, your worshipful Christianity? 
Ktndly interpret to me these terms, for in their signification t 
can discern nothing more than a thin veneer of culture and 
courtesy over raw human nature as esemplifled in your illus- 
trious predecessor Cain; the one, the evolution of the ages, the 
unfolding of intellect along lines always signiflcant of its origin; 
the other a blind following of ancient fantasies the effluvia of 
Ignorance and superstition, -„- '■■^. 

"For you say, 'Ever the best remains,' "The purest ont^ to DO 
permanent,' ^Mierefore after these many several centuries of 
effort and endurance we have before us in this highly Intellectual 
and refined performance a specimen of your best and purest. 

"■Love iB the fulfllllng of the law.' saith the scriptures. 
Behold bow these Christiana love one another: 



+lj h 1 



d" T 



RETROSPECTION 



"Again, 'By their fru3ts ye sliaTT knOw them/ This, then, 
that I see, is Ihe fruitage of Christ's ininistrations amotig ynu; 
tliis Ihe apijlication of liis divine teachings to your daily lives, 
1 seem to rememUev in timed past something of diEi'ordaiit 
dQings atiioug liie elect lesultiitg iit many battles and butcheries, 
Christiyjia kLlUng Christiana fur opinion's sake. Christians killing 
pagans for Christ's sake, pioeeiytlng and purifying with (ire 
and sword, not to mention inquisitions, autos-da-f*^, torture cham- 
bers, DarthoJomew masHaf^rt^a, and a tl]0ii&and other crimes cum- 
mltted in the name of the meek and lowly Jesus. 

"But al! such ivaj's of wfjminj; heaven pale before this mag- 
nilioent ditch-work; before these braying mortars that so bravely 
level forts and tear to shreds beantiful cities, mln?;llne ivlth the 
broken work of art the mangled remains of the unoffending; 
inhabitants; before your bikings of the air dropping destruction 
on the mothers and babes of peaceful homes; before your battle- 
ships coasting stealthily for some unprotected health or pleasure 
place; before your terrlhfe under-water engines JmrllTig to hades 
a thousand souls al a aingli? blast, 

"Great days these of electrical Industries, of Iron and oil 
creations, of ever yet more powerful exploalves, of ever yet 
more efficient death-dealing machinery; and now that all these 
good things might not run to waste the demons of Christian 
civilization are let loose and all Europe goes off in an ecstasy 
of mutual slaughter. 

"Founded on superstition and militancy, which find exprea- 
sTon not in the teachings of ihe sacred books but in the base 
pasfllons of rulers, religion becomes a factor lu the origin and 
continuance of the war. Statesmen, diplomats, learned profes- 
sors who chop logic to make the worse appear the better part; 
preachers who blaspheme from the pulpit, and prayer-mongers 
who call on God to help his only true and chosen people in their 
ferocious doings, the quality of their petitions explained and 
emphasized by these orgies of human butchery, by this outbreak 
of piety in vindictive passion,— a new demonstration in love and 
charity perchance, the love of bloodshed and the charity that 
turns from widow's "Wails and orphan's cries. Ma, I would not 
to people my kingdom resort to such sophistries. I hold to 
scorn these profane babblings that find espreHsion in cruelly, 
treachery, revenge, loss of Integrity, Tobs of honor, In robbery, 
rape and raxik injustice, the fruits by which wajire to know the 

bright road of progress and kaiser kultur. - ^ _^.__, 

■■ '"h 

2 



■MODERN FALLACIES 

"Ah! It ^s progress indeed, Huch progrees that another 
thouHHnd years of it avUI make of this earth a hell go hot that 
my abode beside It will be as the hall of Valhalla or the garden 
of the Hesperides. AVherefore I Beelaeliub, king of kings, salute 
thee, WilHam, king of Germany! 

"Admit then, beloved, that the deviT is not so black as he 
la painted, that he alone in a world of mummery, lyins, aelf- 
dereption. and hypocrisy dare speak the tnith. Go to, tlien, 1, 
Lucifer, star of the mornm^T will prate and pray with you In all 
honesty and aincerky. Listen. Let us pray. Let us all pray, 
of whatsoever name or nation^ help us Oh Lord! to hill; help ns 
to kill. Listen not to our adversaries. Curae them, gooij Lord, 
curse them; confound their politics, frustrate their knaviah 
tricks. Art not Ihou Oh God! a God of war, and is not thy 
church a church militant? Then help us Oh God! only us thy 
servants^ to kill, help us to kill. Give us peace In IhLne own time, 
good Lordn peace with mastery, only with mastery, remember* 
good Lord. Help us to kill. Oh Lordf to kill. 
.r_- *'How perfectly ethical and logical is prayer! 
■- "'The churches are impotent," your wiseacres say. Cer- 
tainlj-, any one can see that. 'Christianity ia impotent.' How do 
you know; has It ever been tried? "Prayer is impotent.' Then 
why Insult high heaven with the trash you offer it, knowing 
nothing, believing nothing, expecting nothing. And as for (he 
prayers of belligerents. It makes us amlle down our way, so 
tangled they become ere reaching the throne of grace- 
.'* "'It repenteth me that I made man," saith the Lord, Where- 
fore ye who preach and pray for Incre, not for sonls, who teach 
God his duty, telling blm so much he never knew before, were 
It not well to mention bfs mistake about the Ark, in saving 
any one when drowning the world in water: a mistake which 
may now be rectified in drowning the world in blood, and this 
time make a clean sweep of it. for is not the kaleer the son of 
Noah? Then, further, were it not well to devise aome other 
means for the betterment of mankind than dromiing the people 
he has made, whether in water or blood? Were it not as well 
to abolish the Hague, burn your peace-temples, leave Inane 
prayers and prating to women and fanatics, and get at something 
sensibfe? 

" *God save the king!" T hear you cry: or if of Britain you 
say God save onr excuse for a king. Why is this, why do you 
want God to save your king? Is It because he assumes supe- 



EETROSFECTION 

Hority, clalmB divln© mlerahlp Inherited from aoiQe medEeva! 
pirate or cutthroat baroD? Is it UccausG he Imposes upon you 
unjust burdens, malies traffic of womanhood, harnesses you to 
crime, forcing you to commit any iniquity his passions may 
dictate? 

"Go to, poor Diites o£ humBDlty, crawling about on tliis little 
lump of earth, your necks under the iron heel oC despot rulers. 
Of what use to you are kings, py^jnies under high heaven 
strutting their brief Jives away, presently to rot like the rest, 
yet whom you follow like sheep to the shambles. Of what 
beneflt to the world are the royal drones, the vagrant nobility, 
the large Idle class that scom work hut scorn not to live on the 
work of others, and which you are forced to supportj besides the 
burdens of war, religion, and crime? I fain would wish you a 
hetter fate. !Do you not know that all cultures and culls grow 
rank with agt aud die; do you not see that your progress is 
downward as well as upward, your warH a crErcie, your religion a 
hollow mockery which is always barklue bartc to the paganism 
of ancient Egypt and RomCj while the star of destiny is ever 
more radiant In the west, new light even now breaking forth 
over the vast amphitheatre of the Pacific with every sign of 
promise for the great and final development. 

"Enough. If you are content to remain thus^ even as I see 
you now, compelled by your gracious sovereign to crawl in 
ditches on your beilieB and shoot men down as he ahall direct, 
men you do not know and with whom you have no variance, eo 
do. If not, come with me to a higher, happier hell where wicked- 
ness may be enjoyed with some degree of common sense and 
decency," 

With thfl first flush of amazement, the first wave of 
horror that s^vept over Ani.erica on the breaking out of hos- 
tilities in Europe came sincere sorrow ami sympathy for 
those about to suffer, for those about to die. The pity of it I 
Physieal endurance beyond compare, and mental distress; 
then the loss to humanity^ the blow to faith and progress, 
the blow to society, to inteileetual advancement and esthetic 
culture, reform rolled back, Christianity made eontempt' 
ible^ the return to brute force and beasllinesft, all showing - 
how thin the coating of civilization and religion that covers 



MODERN FALLACIES 

our earthly natures. Soon, however, snd snhi^onsoioiialy 
swept in upon mh a sense of satisfaction with our better lot. 
and tiniiUy speeutatiou as to how we might profit by the 
situation. 

The popular idea seemed to be that prosperity, as the 
gentle rain from heaven, wiis to fall on al) alike, without 
effort on tbe part of any ; but when the hard times following 
the nexv tariff eontinucd, and to the income tas was added 
another by courtesy ealled a war tax, but in reality a tax 
made neeessary by our in\'asion of Mexieo and other inju- 
dicious acts, it appeared that the alleged i>rosperity was not 
to be immediate and universal. 

Conditions ivere hnposed. The south could not sell its 
cotton, so that there was no prosperity there. Exporters 
(xf raw material in the north were likewise in a n'^andary. 
New York was deep in finaneinl problems, and closed the 
Stock Bsehange to a\'oid panie. Cbieago and ttie middle 
west were the best off of any^ having food produi^-ts and 
manufaetured articles to sell- Han Franeiseo and the 
. Pacific coast soon shipped away the limited supply of fruit 
Khd grain, leaving ample time for the mind to dwell on the 
benefits of the PanamA canal and the glories of the two 
^Expositions. So passed away the first months of the Euro- 
pean war With little appearance of great immediate profit 
to America-^ M";-' ■' 

Entering th^' swo'nd half year of the war, times grew 
worse rather than better. The industrial world was par- 
alyzed. Men of affairs in an atmosphere of financial unrest, 
everywhere frenzied fighting, wars of uneertain dur,Ttion, 
were afraid to move lest they should make a mistake. OL-ean 
transportation was perilous, and dealings with the warring 
nations difficult. The earthquake in Italy added to tbe 
horrors of famine in Poland and Belgium, and among the 
early movements of oeean-gojng craft, following the first 
ravages of the war. were relief shipments to those eoun- 



. RETROSPECTION 

liies. Abiding to the general emliarrassmertt wer<? the 
hloekades i]ei_']ared by the belligerents one against the otber^ 
tho war zone thrown around the British isles supported by 
U<>riiian mini's while England plained chief dependence on 
her i\eet. 

But whether or not hghting eontinued, the world must 
be fed and elothed, and for supplies ali eyes were tiirDed 
toward America i so that later woolen clothing, cotton knit 
goods, leather and rubber boots utid shoes, harness and 
saddles, motor ears, and metal -working madiinery began 
to move across the water at the rate of five or sis millions 
of dollars a day taking the place of raw material exports, 
ivhich for the llnited States was the boginning of a new 
prosperity, exports exceeding imports for a time at the 
rate of a billion dollars a year. Soon \ve were making: doth 
sueh as England formerly made; we took from Bavaria to 
some e;?tent the toy and machine industries, from France 
wines and women's wear, and so on. Alien immigration, 
however^ of which a large increase was expected, fell off 
from the average of previous years seventy-five per cent. 

Great Britain uiade an effort to capture some of the 
German trade, publishing a monthly magazine entitled 
Made in England, but little came of it. There was little 
production in France other than agricultural. The famine 
scare increased sweeping over the world. Appeals for 
bread came in from every quarter, from Belgiumj Poland, 
Servia, Palestine, Jlontenegro, MexieOj Samoa, and else- 
where, while England and Germany were trying to starve 
each other out. Even the United States talked of placing 
an embargo on wheat. Yet at that moment it was only 
j^jnerica between Belgium and starvation. ii>if*-r tt^.-pyj.-i 

Ifb p J ,-. t r ^ . ^ .# ' J* T r L'^ 44. J ^ J _ ~ 

,, As time passed by it became more and more apparent 
^t the efPeet of the war on the United States as a wliole 
would not prove bcnelicial for some time to come, if at alL 

e 




-MODERN FALLACIES 

We sa^v also that it was not a war of peoples hut of rulers, 
who filled witli malifi:nity stood aside in places of safely 
while pi^ni^dinfT on their soldiers in the trenchers, with little 
hate in their liearts, to kill, thc^v knew not wliy: ai:id thai 
at the bottom of it was militarism, whieh means applieil 
machinery for the slaughter of tik^ii, jnst as Chii^ago has 
applied machineiy for the shiughter of cattle. We saw 
that it was not a Enroppan war alone, hut a world war, one 
in which sooner or later Asia ami America would have 
^eir pait to play. It was not a passing freak of the 
Almighty at the hand of his chirsen rulers, hut a rcf^'ular 
old-fashioned raid for hlood and plumler, for loot and 
land, attended hy the usual medieral outrages; this for 
Germany, while for England and France it sijjnitied in 
case of defeat denationalization. All the same they were 
rather slnw in eomiu^ to the assistance of Belgium who 
interposed her body to chcf-k the avalant^hc. Enghmd is 
not quick to do for herself ^\hat another will do for her. 
She does not deal in ?fentiment: she does not scorn to reap 
where others have sown; yet heinc: in for this war, which 
to her is lift* or death^ she u'ill tight it out tlioroiiglUy and 
to a tinish. .''■■'".- 

Fortunately neither prayers for peace nor friendly iu- 
lierposition succeeded in terminating the war in Europe. 
Did ever anyone e>:pect it? The worst that could hei'all 
would be to establish peacp before certain issuea were 
determined, without which settlement all the blood and 
treasure thus far spent were worse than thrown away. It 
is only ignorance of conditions and shallow self-flattery that 
eause the occasional outburst of simple souls in wide-spread 
prayer and inane peace proposals. 

The contending forces had as yet reached no stopping 
place. For though ages may intervene, the full fruitage of 
this conflict will not appear until kings, royalties, and titled 
nobility v-ith hereditary rulei-ship are abolished, Prussian 

7 



RETROSPECTION 

milUarisni extt^niiinatpd, and infamous episodes like the 
present war made hnpossible. 

PruRsian militarism; what is it? Rightly it has been 
{'/A\ied a .system without a soul; a state that is a distinct 
entity, without moral sense or obligation; a nation that is 
;m army and &n army that is a nation; a force for agRres- 
sion. not for defense ; a Im^e machine for crushing peoples, 
mto whose whceis men for eogs are fitted, the emperor of 
Germany at the engine and diplomats and professors at the 
furnace. 

During the brief period since this war began our eyes 
have been opened to evils threatening interests vital to the 
luiman race. We see the rulers of great nations, among 
the foremost in intellect and culture, giving themselves up 
more than ever before to the seienee and art of human 
slautjliter, cavalierly relegating in time of war, honor, hon- 
esty, integrityn and humanity to the plea of necessity. To 
this end the whole country is laid under contribution. To 
this end the hoy is trained and the man must respond. To 
this end the rulers, divine or devilish, lay heavy burdens 
upon the people and drive ihem to their death at pleasure. 
What matters it to the master, a few more millions slain, 
a few more millions starved, the wrecking of a few more 
cities, the laying waste of a few more provinces, prosperous 
towns reduced to a memory; it's all in the day's work, and 
necessary. . . , 

. Every male infant horn of a German mother, to become 
a German subject, enters the world a bondsman, as paii; 
of a mecJianism whose purpo&e and practice is tlie killing 
of.Jinman beings. Prom this thraldom there is no escape 
save throngli the gates of death. At the proper age and 
time, hoy or man, the victim is plaee<l hefore others like 
hinjself, and all driven on to slaughter. II is a slavery of 
-the soul, Doometl to the shambles from ehildhooit by a 
rulership purporting to be of divine origin and agency* and 

8 



JtODERN FALLACIES 

sustained by learned professors Iraineci in the same school 
and bound to promulgate the same doctrine, there is no 
crime the ruler may choose to impose that the subject can 
refuse to commit. Obviously the nation or nations that 
follow this system and handle sucli mat-^hinery r:aii dominate 
IhoHe that do not; in a word can rule the world as it now 
stands. This compels others, Americans as well as Euro- 
peans, to adopt the game method or go out of business, 
which means a return to feudalism. It is therefore life or 
death, tbp total eradication of German militarism from the 
face of the earth. 

A century ago the French emperor made himself auto- 
crat of Europe; his methods were bad enouglu but not so 
infamous as are those of the German emperor today, yet 
England and GerTuany i^se and drove Napoleon out. 
Better America should join the allies than that the world 
should continue as aliambles with the science and art of 
killing men as the chief industry. As scourge of the world 
the German William is worse than was ever any French 
Napoleon or Spanisli Philip. "With this sort of absolutism 
in vogue in Europe, a peace-at-any-priee people in any part 
of the world nould be aniong the first to suffer. A good 
supply of battleshiffs, submarines, and air ships are the best 
pgument in diplomatic circles. 

,. . The ckim of a divine rigJit of one man to rule over 
others, it is needless here to say, is an insult to human 
intelligence. The forcing of men to fight like wild beasts 
or gladiators in the arena is a form of fiendishness worthy 
of a Roman Nero or & fiussian Fet«iri..the maintenance of 
men and maehineiy for inroads upon neighboring nations 
and the butchery of the innocent inhabitants is a crime 
worthy of a German William, and exceeding all other 
,e;?im^ Few realised until they saw its horrible devourings 
wliat a monster high civilization was harboring. Tiie only 



EBTKOSPECTION 

hope for the extini^tion of militarism aDil a long perioU of 
peace is in the filial ti'TUinplj oi: the tviple entente. 

The cause of the war and by whuiJi originated were 
topies of controversy at first, cauh laying tht blame upon 
the other J but the matter was soon dropped as of small 
moment beside the awful realities that followed. The 
causes in due ttmo aj)peared, and so plainly mai'krd that 
few found diffieulty iu reaching proper conelusions despite 
the false reasoning and absurd deductiuiif^ made by profes- 
sors and rulers. Prepa'^edness, with kiiltur and divine 
kingship as a basic element; add commercial jealousy and 
elemental hate and ^ve have noi: long to await spontaneous 
combustion. 

Germany^ niititamed by forty years of study, invention, 
and drill, with the largest army and the most perfect mili- 
tary machinery whieh had yet been seen, took the field 
under the banner of reinforced barbarism, hastening the 
attack before the other belligerents wert* fairly awake to 
the situation in the expectation of the immediate capture 
of Paris, ^vhicli would have been accomplished but for the 
intervention of brave little Belgium, 

Von Bernhardi outlined in hi?i hook three years before 
the war, aa is well known, the course which afterward waa 
followed, openly discussing the poliey of a world empire. 
With refreshing candor the kaiser efaims that as vieegerent 
of the Almighty and divinely appointed Jominator of the 
world, with a kultur which to have means deep eouaeienee 
and high morale, he is not bound by ordinary laws or per- 
sonal pledges, for he alone can truly translate humanism. 
It is idle for professors to pretend tliat the kaiser and his 

cohorts did not want the war, v . -'■ -- v-.'" "■. ■ 

:»iV'Beeausc Germany, insincere and Ireacheroua, prepared 
for it long and strenuously, applying all the genius of art 
and industry to the construction of death-dealing imple- 
ments; because she plainly declared her purpose before- 

Ifi 



MODERN FALLACIES 

hand first to dominate Europe, Ihpn Asia and America; 
because from the beginninj^ she ^er>-where assumed the 
offensive, spring-ing the conflict siiddi-nly upon the unpre- 
pared, breaking treaties, forfeiting honor, treatinjij witli 
barbarous cruelty and injustiee unoffending peoples: and 
because of her ability at any time to have prevented or 
terminated hostilities, we may he sure that the odiurit of the 
bloodie.st and most senseless of wars that ever disgraced 
the name of man will rest with the present rulers of Ger- 
many to the end of time. The crime of Belgium, alone an 
endless shame; a peaceful, happy land, villainouJ^ly entered 
and wantonly destroyed, then after seizing for them- 
selves the food supply, and imposing exorbitant ransom 
upon the despoiled cities, the eonquerors turn tbi-ir back 
upon the inhahitanta shivering under the debris of their 
so lately happy homes, and seven millions survivors, old 
men, women, and children are left in their misery with 
the oncoming winter to freeze, and starve, and die. 

We have been taught to regard Germany as the pro- 
tector of culture, the guardian of the highest civilization 
and of the purest religion, a barrier to the inroads of the 
barbaric lluscovitej but when we see the rulers of Ger- 
many frampeling under foot the teachings of Christ, 
assuming God^s place and prerogative on this earth, and 
the professors of the universities defending with illogical 
verbiage diabolical cruelty and injustice^ we say open the 
gates and let tlie Russians in. ' "'' ^ •' ■ "'^' ' ' ' ' 

The day vnU come perhaps when the Gierman emperor 
will be pleased to talk peace and peace conditions. Who 
then will listen? Of what worth the word of one dis- 
honored, forsworn? Of "tvhnt value the promise of one 
who openly declares himself void of trutMulneas, void of 
integrity, his treaty worthless, his bond waste paper! A 
nation outlawed, perjured, wliy waste time concootin^? 
terms with such an one? Necessity knows no law, the 

U 



' RETROSPECTION 

kaisei' alone "being judge of what 13 noce^ary. "War is a 
neee&tiity whenevpr the kaiaer chooses so to declare it. 
War knows no law; the kaiser knows no law; yet while 
breaking? laws and treaties ad libitum Germany protests 
loudly against tlie breaking of international Inwa by others. 

"When a country' outlaws itself under the plea of neces- 
sity, concrete acts of infamy upheld by the German chan- 
cellor and sustained by the German war book — how make 
honorable oompat^ts witli a state outlawed? 

And what ^vould be the effeet on the world were tlie 
kaiser 's high code of ethies allowed a free eoursel Already 
foxy Japan talks of not only repudiating her promises of 
restoration to China of the late conquests on her border 
from the Germans, but is makinjj further extortionate de- 
mands hitherto little thought of. For is not the Mikado 
likewise divine, Buddha incarnate^ and oan he not interpret 
the word necessity as well as any German potentate when- 
ever he wishes further lootings in China? And that is all 
the time; indeed, Japan would not object to taking over 
all of China, a33d may find it one day ^'necessary" to do so 
unless Germany gets in before her. It is a dangerous pre- 
cedent, and a fine example for pagandom, this mixture of 
lawless ambition with fanaticism and the divinity eraacj the 
Teutonic blood-lust and kultur-lust with inherited rulership 

back of it all. . .f , .., , 

And let America have a eare of being caught napping. 
The Asiatic Frenchmen are a polite peoplCj but when 
Nippon protests too much tlaen beware of Nippon. Should 
the United States become seriously involved in war inade- 
quately armed, Japan will doubtless find it necessary to take 
over the Philippines, and complete her occupation of the 
Hawaiian islands, already well begun. And alas and alack 
for the little Nipponese when the fierce Teutons reach the 
day of reckoning! For it will then he found necessary 

IS 



ilODERN FALLACIES 

to bri?ak any terms of peace which meantime may ha%'e ]n}L'n 
made^ while due chastisement is intlieted. 

The kaiser and liis sycophants are so obsessed by a 
sense of their superiority, chiiriiin^ for their auguat chief 
speeial privileges from lieaven by which Germany is fated 
to universal sox^ereii^nty, that their mental vision het'omi-s 
obscured, preventing them from seeing far beyond the 
limits of their horizon. With superh ep^otism, anrt a fanat- 
icism bordering on insanity, they openly declare their mis- 
sion of world dominance, of wliieh these present wars are 
the initiative. 

And the kaiser, though suffering from his superlative 
exeelleQce and high destiny still asserts tbal he does not 
want to be king of the world, hut kultur and the dmnity 
that doth hed^e him about constraineth him. 

"With bnite force, and brutishness. enough and to 
aparcj the Germans have aeeoniplished wonders, but the 
time has passed when bnite force can hold universal sov- 
ereignty, and Germany lacks moral force, lacks even a 
moral sense, notwithstanding the kaiser's asse^'erations, 
while denying any purpose of founding a workl empire, 
that in the kultur, ''the deep conscience, industry, and 
high morale of the German people, is to be found a con- 
quering power that will open the world for them*'. 

Germany assumes omnipotence, but despotism is no 
proof of omnipotence, Germany would rule the world 
while practising violence, bnt the time is past wlien the 
world can be governed by violence. Jlore moral iarc^ 
with less physical force would serve the purpose better^-'il) 

Yon Bemhardi and the emperor of course deny any 
intention of world empire, but ivho would tnist them? 
Who couJd tell what necessities might arise, what militar- 
ism might demand, or to what measures preparedness and 
power might tempt them? Of what wortii is the pteifeed 
word or the written obligation of men wliose boast is that 

13 



KETKUi^l'ECTlON 

their will is superior to law, that any treaty they may 
thoose to break is waste paper? 

Tlic deep conscitnce and high morale of the German 
people were manifest in their public rejoicing over the 
achievements of the German admiral who sailed along the 
English coast flring on defenceless women and childix>n; 
and after dcvastaiing Helginin how fine the chivalry dis- 
played hy the indilterenco of the raiders to the misery they 
had caused, not to mention the order forbidding the rescue 
of drowning si^anien blown to dcstT-uction by their suh- 

Atariues! 

The limit of sanity, however, is readied when Prafi^ssor 
Eucken pi'esents the ideal of the fatherland as a spiritual 
entity^ wherein he discerns loftier manifestations since the 
■war began^ notably in the manly methods of diteh-work 
warfare, so superior to that of the cowardly fon^st savajjes 
shooting from behind trees, and in the admirable behavior 
of the new machinery employed in ilevastating Belgium 
by the kaiser, whose ideals of Tentonie kultur and the 
destiny of his people soar yet higher as he battles for the 
deliverance of the world. 

In this new idealism there is no aelJishness, no lust for 
loot or land, no thirst for power or revenge; all men of 
all nations, friends and foea alike shall sliare it, — all that 
is left of them after this carnival of slaughter is over. As 
an excuse for this war Professor Eucki-n, like the others, 
pleads necessity^ a joyous necessity aa he declares, resulting 
in a transformation of soul, Vaterland spiritualized by 
the new kultur^ a cognate people from inner coherence 
made fit for the new earth and the new heaven prepared 
for thenii'/*^'. ^•'v^''- v'i**'.- rfii*i;^-iK'iv'i' : i-'i^LriATi 

'T Even though to ears attuned this does not sound like 
Teutonic rot, yet it were quite as well never to put it into 
English, We have only to turn to Belgium for a specimen 
of kaiser love and kultur discipline which we can easily 



MODERN FALLACIES 

understand; or if we prefer peace at any price we have 
only, like Luxembourg^ humbly to submit and our liv<?a 
may be spared and our citit's escape destniclion, 

As tlie world's war lord, with tlii? world before liim 
and the Prussia that Bismartk and von iloltUc had made 
for him at his back, his people meanwhile confident in his 
infaUibility, there ia little wonder that Iht? empf ror "William, 
still human thougii not Icno^iiuir it. mi^ht sometimes over- 
roach himself, as when he rei'koued too confidently and 
risked too nmch on Italy to complete his triple aUiance, 
and on a subservient Belgium and an inactive En^dand, 
kter to find himself unable to move backward or forward, 
but only to stand and see his hrilliant anticipations fall in 
ruins about him. 

An age of gold succeeding an a^e of iron, then back to 
brute force again until the universe grows hazy, and tlic 
source of power, — does it eome from the skies or is it 
found in the fruitful fields of pacific pooplcst 

RisiufT unrefreshed and unenlightened from the un- 
fathomable depths of Kantian pliilosophy to the more open 
plain of Xeitasche, on whieh the present war propaganda 
was planted by Treitschkc and Bemliardi, placing power 
before humanity and courage before charity, and over- 
whelmed by superfluous strength and mental faculties ab- 
normally active in making men and machinery for death- 
dealing purposes, perhaps the most charitable construction 
we can place on the course of the Germans, their ethics 
and their nbnormitres* in the prosecution of this war would 
be to credit the rulera and professors with some slight 
mental aberration. At all events tlie Teutonic quality of 
mind and nxorals, of evolution and progress, expressed in 
the word kultur, however regarded in Germany, would 
among the thoughtful people of America be called if not 
vicious at least delirious. We could not imagine, for ex- 
ample, a man in his right mind, ns is told of the emperor, 

IE 



RETROSPECTION 

wondering why the L'nited States does not capture Canada^ 
now that the opportunity offers 1 "World power or noth- 
ing!" is the pretentious cry of German arrogance. Then 
let it he nothing. 

■ That Germany will ever realize lier dreams of nniveraal 
empire ts unthiiikahle. Then, if that is so, it ia equally 
impossible for her to come vietorious out of this war, for 
the one implies the other. It requires no prophet to see 
that this Prussian craze has got to be cnished, and will be 
though it should take ten or twenty years for its accomplish- 
ment. Not that tlie destruction or dismemhcnucnt of 
Gerriiany, a fate such as she ivoukl inflict upon others^ 
must follow, but that Prussian luilitarism must be utterly 
uprooted as a social and political cancer. 

Of the divine mission, the right of inherited rulership, 
the alleged vieegerency of Almigiity God, and the boasted 
kultur, deep conscience, and bigh morale of William, em- 
peror of Germany, the story of tliia war will ever stand as 
a bright example. And for his epitaph let it be written, 
He murdered son>e millions of men and women and chil- 
dren; he also murdered national honor, civil rights and 
humaneness. 

. Thus far America has profiifld bnt little from the world's 
warSj but has suffered loss and disturbance. The tide will 
turn, however, in time, for the country at large perhaps 
in one or. two years; for Califoniia it may he in live or 
fifty years. For we may be sure that the great ocean was 
made for some important purpose, and the planting of its 
shores with inexhaustibk wealth was for the furtherance 
s£ that purpose. It is equally certain that around the 
waters of San Francisco bay will one day appear a World 
Centre of Industry, its advent soon it is possible, but more 
likely not until the present generation has passed away 
and another quality of marihood appeara. For we know 

16 



MODERN FALLACIES 

that ever the star of empire has been westward, and that 
the ultimate west having betn attained^ here the star rests; 
hut still it shines^ for here is to be wrought out man's full 
and final destiny. 

Already the world's financial centre has moved from 
London ta New York. Already a mideontincnt world 
centre of industry is seen at and around Chicago, whose 
boast is the largest output of each of half a thoui^and useful 
things, and whence it is hut a single leap to Sau Fram:isco 
bay and the broadest and most opulent of oceans. Neither 
the climate nor tJie eeonomic advantages of this favored 
spot have thus far been fully appreeinted: let us hope that 
the many lliousaniL^ who come hither from every quarter 
to view the Panama canal and our great industrial exposi- 
tions dui'ing this memorable year of 1915 may see things 
as they are and carry away true and proper impressions 
thereof. 

*■•, Wliile the Panama canal was in course of construction 
there was scarcely a sea or a river port that did not espect 
great and immediate benetits therefroni. Some were dis- 
appointed. "We should know hy now that few are enriched 
withont effort by any war, espositioUj or canal, llany places 
can offer some special advantage for commerce and manu- 
factures, hut there is no place that offura all the advantages 
for a World Centre of Industry equal to San Franeicso hay. 
V Centrally situated on the border of the great ocean^ 
held to this day for the more intcOigent exploitation by 
civilized man, and a^regating with its prolific shores and 
enchanting isles a coast line of more than 35,000 miles in 
^lent, this port has immediately tributary half the world, 
the other half being easily reached through the Panama 
canal. Around the vast amphitheatre of the Paeifie, and 
extending inland hundreds or thousands of miles are metal- 
veined mountains and alluvial plains which have as yet been 
scarcely disturbed by the hand of civilized man. 

17 



RETROSPECTION 

It is safe to say that under tlio snows of Alaska, in the 
great mountain ranges tliat ^treti^h thence southward to 

and far beyoad the tropicsT ^^^ ^°^ tJie fertile soils of the 
more habitable parts, whose opulent cities bear testiniony 
to tJieii" natural resources, there lies uiore uncovered wealth 
than has yet been brought to light by all the. nations of 
all time. 

And the availability of it all at our industrial centre* 
and our aih"antages in handling it! Cheap electric power 
from the Sierra, oil piped from the wells to our favored 
port, cotton from the Imperial valley and all the way to 
Texas, wool from the north, wood and coal from the coast 
beyond, while from every part of the broad Pacific at 
moderate cost, say from three to five dollars a ton, raw 
material of every sort, all animal and plant pro duets, all 
minerals and metals wrought out in the laboratories of 
nature during the countless ages of the earth's existence, 
may be brought to San Francisco bay, there to be recreated 
by arts and industries, and thence distributed throughout 
the world in forma best befitting the use of man. 

Then the food conditions and cost of living; plenty to 
eat at moderate expense; house rents reasonable; healthful 
airs filtering through the snowy mountains and swept in 
from the sea; no malaria, no indigenous diseases, no freez- 
ing cold in winter nor uncomfortable heat in summer. In- 
deed, the eiimate of San Francisco, perfect in its way, 
whether as an industrial asset or a resort for l^ealth and 
pleasure is just beginning to receive proper reeognition- 
To delightful surroundings are given many benefits, — eool 
bracing air, average temperature varying between 55"^ and 
70*^ ; fewer casualties tlian may be found on any other spot 
of earth; no slaying by sunstrokes or lightning; no tioods, 
^clones, or blizzards; and as for the earthquake bugaboo, 
it is an historical fact that more lives have been lost from 
heat in one day on the eastern coast, or from midcontiuent 

18 



MODERN FALLACIES 

riTer overfloivs, than from all the earthquakes that ever 
happened in California of \vhieh there is any record or 
tradilion, be it for a tlio\]santl yr-ars back. 

The hay itself is a mati^liless body of water, sixty miles 
long and from four to six miles wide, and beautiful beyond 
de^wriptton, whether in the piirpli? ha^e of early morning 
or gloAving under a noonday sun. Tlie several large islands, 
with the Presidio reseivation, are hi'ld hy the government 
for soldier 's quarters and purposes of defense. The borders 
of bay and islands, with indentations and tributary straits 
and rivers, give 300 linear miles or more all ready for fae- 
tories and warehouses w^ith oeean vessels on one side and 
railway trains on the other. All the leading eountries of 
the world have» or will have, their own lines of steamships 
running direct to San Francisco, lines from China, Japan, 
Australia, South Ameriea^ and from Europe through the 
Panama canal, while daily scores of railway trains depart 
for every near and distant point, 

■ ■' Few will deny tliat manufaotures are essential to the 
prosperity of a nation, tliat never was a eountry perma- 
nently rich without manufaetures and never was a country 
permanently poor with manufactures. A laud poor frora 
lack of natural products luay he^^ome rich hy utilizing the 
products of other lands and adding to their value hy in- 
teUigeot lahor and distribution to parts wliere most needed. 
Exports and imports are (juoted as indicative of national 
prosperity. Perhaps less of each would be better if home 
industry were stimulated there"by. It is the export of manu- 
factured goods that indicates permanent prosperity, not 
the export of raw material. Therefore tiie first advantage 
to be derived by the United States from the war in EuTOpe 
is in diecking the exportation of raw material- thus eom- 
pelling industrial developmt'nt at home. It is only of 
secondary importance that the markets of the world are 

19 



RETROSPECTION 

left open to us while the Europeans are busily employed in 
the most destmetive of games- 
Spain by inti^rnal development became the greatest of 
nations i but when gold began to How in freely from the 
New World she found it easier to Imy than to make: now 
look at her! Thereforoi we may safely say that those who 
will profit most by tlie European war are not tlie growers 
of cotton nor even of food proditets, but those who make 
needful artieles and send forth competent agents to open 
channels of permanent trade. 

This is our opportunity, there is nothing that can be 
made elsewhere in the world that cannot be made at San 
Pranciseo. The moment tbe European war is over there 
will be a rush to set their mills in motion again^ when 
Ameriean gains will receive a cheek. Manufactures at 
the present time in Europe are nearly destroyed. Raw 
materials at present is not wanted there so much as manu- 
factured goods, and manufactured ^oods we eannot get 
from tliere if we would ; so that the double benefit is thrust 
upon us, that while building upon our own resourtres to 
the utmost advantage the oppoiiunity is afforded us of 
establishing permanent trade with all the world. And 
unless America adopts some more efFet^tive and aggressive 
industrial policy than has yet appeared Germany, when 
once the war is over, will soon regain her lost advantages 
and drive competitors from the field, because youn^ Ger- 
mans are willing to learn more ftnd work harder than 
others, depending for success more on their own strength 
and ability tlian on the weakness of competitors, while 
refusing labor limitations or any interference in their 

a^airs by the pirates of industry. -■ '*'".■ 

. : Thus endowed by nature and opportunity to assume - 
ahf? maintain the industrial supremacy of the world;the ' 
discerning mind cannot but perceive that there is some- 
thing wrong somewhere, that San Francisco has thus far - 









MODERN FALLACIES 

failed to see or make avail of her high privileges, and that 
with all her natural advantages California is not in the 
way of pcotiting &h largely as siie might from Ihu Panama 
canal ajid the \var in Europe. 

Instead of manufai^turing for others we do not even 
manufacture to any great extent for ourselves, b;it draw 
largely for our requirements from the east and middle 
west. Of the many million dollai"s wortli of orders now 
beginning to eome in from Europe the Pacific coast gets 
but few^ and will receive in tli** future less rather than 
more uniesa we make more of the artidea we would sell. 
Apart from horticulture we cannot claim for California 
an agricultural state of the first class; our products in the 
mouths of starving millions are luxuries rather than nec- 
essities, even our dried fruit being a drvig in the market 
and nnremunerative to the grower, while wheat, once our 
chief product, but which now the ^I'oni-out soil refuses to 
grow extensively witliout better farming, soars high in all 
the marts of the world. 

Our commerce too^ in the absence of staple products 
and manufactured articles to ship away must remain 
moderate. Foreign commerce ia a nation's road to great- 
ness, but it is not greatness itself. Merely the handling 
and transporting of goods is work for the crossroads. The 
commerce that counts is in the sale and transportation of 
home manufactured articles, not in sending cotton abroad 
to buy back in cloth, 'jIiJ" . ^j. i"* i 

There is no profit in pretense. No responsive thrill 
rises in the breast of an experienced merchant or manu- 
facturer at the cries of **Boost! Boost!" *'Have a buy- 
ing dayl" "Buy it now!" The shop-window petticoat 
marked $4.98 does not strike him as a dollar less tlian ^5 
in prioc- Nor do the words "croaker/" "knocker," "pes- 
simist," have any terrors for him. No one knows better 
than he that factories are not operated on empty air» and 

21 



f+- 



RKTROSPECTIOX 

that inocfin^s an<! organixationa for tiie promotion of 
manufacturer wfiere no provision js made for operatives 
of a quality and at a wage whtcli will enable our factories 
to uompete with those of other nations, meetings wlicre 
the too timid luerabers dare not even speak the worda 
'*cheap labor" are juislyading and futile. 

Let those who will hiteh their wa^'on to a star; if not 
Beeurply fastened, and you are ^vh?, you will let the other 
fellow get iu and ride. Boost and briy:hi optiiHism are 
pitfalls iinless arising from actual conditions and sus- 
tained by good husfucps i^eiise. In busimss and boost as 
elsewhero truth is stronj?:ep than fij-tron. W the plain faets 
regarding the superlative advantages of San tVanoisflo 
bay as a World Centre of Industry do not appeal to the 
hard-lieaded man of affairs it is useless resorting to clap- 
trap - 
H We should have on this coast TOO woolen mills, 1000 
cotton mills, and 5000 other factories, and wifl have some 
day, these or their equivalent, but only when conditions 
appeal to capital, and mill-o^mers are free to manage 
their business their own way, yet always within the hounds 
of humanity and healthful progress, but without inter- 
ference from interlopers of whatsoever kind or quality. 

- In a loose-jointed republican government extremes 
often meet As between the dregs of low soeiety and the 
chaff of high society there is little to ehoose. The inter: 
mediate class is the commonwealth, those who work, 
either with hands or head; those who do things, either 
with money or brain. Work is the greatest thing in the 
world; God's cnrse, raan*a redemption; the Creator's 
primal punishment, man's greatest blessing, "Work Is 
civilization, and civiJization is humanity reinforced. The 
Panama canal and the CaliforriTa expositions are the 
apotheosis of labor, not the apotheosis of the manipulators 

22 



_F_V1J j_ ^J 



.MODKHN FALLACIES 

of labor. A workless work! is savagery, and the worklesa 
part of society ia tlie ^vurst part. Wherefore as God's 
beet gift, though givt-n us iu angei% we hail it as Uivine, 
and place it high above principalities and powers. 

The worlitngman of to-day is the concrete expression of 
that form of la}>or which bore the primal curse for sonio 
several thousand years^ whether as the slave of brutis 
force or as the creature of capital, but which now in the 
more advanced couQtries has fairly well eiuamipatcd 
itself. Then gradually arose apostles of chicane and 
greed, who gained aseentleaey over the vorkingnian to 
exploit }iim. Thus was invented and applied coei"sive 
vneaHiires^ nojiitnaHy for the benefit of the laborer, hut 
really to strpngtiien the position of the walking delegate, 
as strikes and incendiarism, the boycott blackmail and 
nniomsni; later came dynamite as the ultimate appeal. 
-..While the walking delegate himself did no work, he 
fared sumptuously every day upon the work of others. 
Contributions and crimes were imposed. Dues were levied 
and arbitrary rules established; no American boy tuight 
iearn a trade even of his own father without obtaining 
permission and paying for it: any respectable citizen in 
the legitimate pursuit of his calling might for purposes 
of coercion or revenge be brought to annoyance or ruin 
by means of the infamous boycott- - - 

There is in nearly every large city a coterie of nonde- 
scripts who do not work but who live from the work of 
others; who exploit the workingman ostensibly for his 
Ejood but in reality for their own selfish purposes; who 
till the minda of their proteges with false notions, insur- 
reetioaary and un-Amerioan. — that they have rights which 
others do not possess, that tbey have claims on tlieir felloTT 
men which are not reciprocal, and of which their iie!gh- 
hors are endeavoring to deprive them. To maintain these 
Hlleged rights they are justified in resorting to any means, 

23 



RETROSPECTION 

legal or othorwiae, even to coercion and crime; in defense 
of which incendiary irlaims before the facile courts they 
employ lawyers, pai<.l large fees from the pocli:eta of the 
svorkingLiien, and nho liesitate not at subornation and 
perjury. 

Called by various names, as walking delegate, boss, 
sponge, demagogue, lalior leader, exploiter of the work- 
in gmsn, thp toilers, as the press-panderers sanetimoniously 
call them, are iioddled until, deprived of their natural 
manliness they become as children in the hands of de- 
signing men. tJniona are formed and the rights of others 
invaded- Buainesa men and a pliant newspaper press 
avihmit to impudent and unjust demands in the manage- 
ment of their affairs, fearing loss of patronage; judges, 
office-holders, all who live by thr ballot acquiescing, for 
labor lias votes to dispose of. In this way labor becomes 
a trust, a monopoly, all the work is given at a high wage 
to half of the workiu^mpn, the other half being left labor- 
less to starve. Contract work, in defiance of law and 
justice, is given not to tlie lowest bidder, bnt to unionism. 

As often as otherwise, in the arrogance of ignorance^ 
the labor leaders resort to measures unfavorable to labor, 
8.^ defeating any measure for the public benefit if thereby 
they can pos^^ as champions of labor; making the wage of 
class work eqiud, regardless of the worth or efficiency of 
individual uorkers; advancing the labor wage until it be- 
comes prohibitory to industry, resulting in non-employ- 
ment and high eost of living. Thinking to gain votes 
thereby they refvised to grant music lovers the privilege 
of erecting a million dollar opera-hotise, not at public ex- 
pense but at their own cost, thus withholding from the 
pockets of their proteges their part of the expenditure, 
and leaving in the civic centre the nnsightly sear of a 
vacant lot where might now stand a beantiful edifice. 
They promulgate the false doctrine not of their right to 



r^rODERN FALLACIES 

work, which no om' denies tliem^ Ijut tbeir rijiht to domanJ 
"that the government that is to HS.y their t'ello^v-citizcns 
fchall provide tliem ivilh vork, witetlier necessary or profit- 
able or not, whieh is hut another I'orin ol' blackmail lead- 
ing to pauperianj. As well might trade demand oi labor 
profitable custom, or capital a good investment. 

In legislation every measure affecting patronaso is 
jitoiitly opposed that does not give labor some unfair ad- 
vantage, some special and unjust privilei<e. Every advan- 
tage over his neiglibor is liis right, free seliools. tree 
hospitals, courts, and penitentiaries, while paying notbinjr 
for the support of the government that protects him i:i 
his infamies. 

The aims and aetious of thr' labor leaders strike at 
the very heart of Amei'ieaii lilierly, gfving to one class the 
power of coercion wliile depriving their victiuis of any 
means of defense. Thus laziness and mefficienoy are 
.^salted as meritorious; to do the least possible work for 
the highest pay sen-es ng-ht his natural enemy the em- 
ployer, the capitalist, or the government. The further 
fallacy is instilled tliat restriction by law to a short day's 
'WraS'a gain forced from the employer, when in truth 
it is a direct lose to tlie workingman^ to his worth to 
himself and others, which in the end rules all 

The right to work; labor demands it and the law con- 
cedes it. The right to work; unionism demands it for 
itself, bat denies the right to others, the law winking 
acquiescence. But this is not to the point. Labor leaders 
demand for their proteges, as before stated, tlieir riglit to 
demand that their neighbor, that is to say the man with 
money or the government, sbail furnish biiu with work. 
Reverse the proposition, say tliat the workingman shall 
supply the tradesman with eustomt*rs, the lawyer with 
clients, and the banker with depositors and the absurdity 
appears, rnioniam demands for itself the special privi- 



EETEOaPKCTION 

leges it denies to others. It deiiinnds that jill the work 
shall be given to half the iaherers, wliile the other half 
is left to starve. It di'iiiand« thnt this coterie shall have 
short imur.s and high pay, and onfovees its di^inands upon 
the disohedient hy means of hlackmaii and the hoycott, 
judges who ai-e elected by votes sustaining the injustice, 
A singular state of thin^, one-halt' of the worfcinemen 
unemployed, while all the work is given to the other half at 
an e>:oT'hitant ^^a^o, a wage fatal to nianufaetures and 
proiiibitory to general prosperity and progress- Likewise 
the n on- reversible absurdity that it ia an obligation on the 
part of one eJass of eitiKens to furnish auothei* elass with 
work, that is to say with support, sinee work is their 
support. I am not speaking of econoinie policy or ethieal 
obligations hut only of the lawless arrogance assumed by 
unionism. 

"Wealth is won by \vork, by work and eeonoiuy. The 
same field is open to the laborer of to-day, the same oppor- 
tunity to utilise the natural and eGonomic resources of 
the country that his predecessors had. 

Instead of niaising avail of it the exploiters of labor 
prowl arotmd to secure all they can from government, that 
is to say die people through their representatives in office 
who live on votes, and from capital, that is to say from 
those who have done their work and saved up the pro- 
ceeds. Another fallacy, — to give the laborer more time, 
not for the beer-shops but for home enjoyment and mental 
culture. . , 

The intellectual life is open to him who wants it, 
whether his wage is three or six dollars a day. Intellec- 
tual loafing is not intellectual livingi ti*e former being the 
special province of college graduates and scions of wealth. 
Intellectual boosiing is another sort of culture, praetiwed 
alike by elub-men and hod-earriers. Let us beware of i\n 



MODERN FALLACIES 

eseess of kultur and conseienee. lest w'e fell] into the errors 
o£ the kaiser. 

There are classes of workers aod there are g:racles of 
work. There is high grade work tliat does and should 
command a high wage, and th(?re is low firade work that 
skil]pfi iahor wiJl not touch, and whifh ean be done only 
at low wage. It degradi^'^ no one, — you cannot degrade 
labor,— it injures no one, to ^ive sucJi work to Wm Asiatic, 
who is glad to get it, the lowest wage in Anterica being 
more than the highest wa^e in Asia. We nan ni'ver have 
our World Centre of Industry witliont employing some 
cheap labor, and it is an insane policy on the part of our 
government in excluding it. 

No one objects to Iahor unions, hut only their aljuse 
by the ej:ploiters of the workin^man. No one objects to 
unionism, but only to the abuse of it. If unionism cannot 
wm its way fairly and lionestly it would be better abol- 
ished; it will never be able t^ sustaiu itself by violenee. 
No one objects that labor should unionize, hut only that it 
■itould not tyrannize- Wliy sliould we tamely submit to 
the imposition of labor any more than to the imposition 
*of eapitnl? Labor unions for the pleasure and lawful 
benefit of the nienil>ers is one thing, and to tins no one 
can object; unionism as manipulated by professional over- 
aeeFS f6r the exploitation of the workingraan is quite 
^icrther thing, and smacks too strongly of Prussian mili- 
tarism long to he endured in America. ''-^ ^^ ^ * 

TJie go\-ernnient is C|uite ready to restrict capitalism 
but balks before iaborisni- Governraental superintendence 
of labor is as necessary as governmental superintendence 
of capital^and more, as labor has more votes than 
capital, and an excess of votes is a fault of our republican 
government. 

Labor in all its many interests and activities, as 
unions, wages, liours, and atrikea should be uniier the 

27 



RETROSPECTION 

immediate conti*ol of the government and managed by 
honest and disinterested officials having equally at heart 
the welfare of the workingman and the interest of the 
employer^ — should be regulated by law as capital is reg- 
ulated^ and not left to the exploiter of the workingman to 
act as he pleases in defiance of law and from purely 
selfish motives. Little by little they are undermining the 
government^ inserting their insidious poliey in the laws of 
the slate and nation, only like the raili'oad incubus, let us 
hope, to meet with like defeat m the end, when the people 
return to reason and to right. 

In no department of eeouomies or Industry, of polities 
or society is sueh criminal license allowed^ such defianec of 
law, equity, and decency permitted to go unpunished^ 
unreproved, as that practised by the exploiters of the 
workingraan. Tliat they sliould be j>ermitted by the boy- 
cott to ruin an honest tradesman, in the legitimate pursuit 
of his calling, for simply maintaining his right as an 
American freeman to manage his business himself instead 
of allowing others to do it for him, the interloper in the 
meantime being protected by the police and sfistaioed by 
the courts in tliis system of coercion and blackmail is 
izjfamous. 

Thus it is easily seen why San Praneiaeo is not more 
of a manufacturing city. Labor is as essential to manu- 
factures as is raw material. If labor and material cannot 
be bad at a fair and reasonaljie price home industry is 
doomed. Again be it said, the first consideration for this 
country is manufactures^ the first consideration for manu- 
factures is labor at a fair price, the lirst consideration for 
labor is absolute freedom, emancipation from any sort of 
tyranny. This is the broad road to permanent prosperity 
and there is none other- ; -,' j^'."' , j -.1 ' 

And from the government, ,tQ,, which all good citizens 

2S 



: /'. : ::■ " '.'::.■'' ■.' 

'.' .' .t. ■ » ' ■ ■ ■ ' 

ilODERN FALLACIES 

look for redress, we get no Iselp, for judgos and mkrSj all 
who live by the ballot-bos, legislative and executive dig- 
nitaries as well as the vicious grafter of the municipality, 
are infected by the same hunger for ofGce^ and by the 
itehing palm that actuates and makes fat the exploiters 
of the workin^man and fills the coffers of the highly 
honorable and respected man of affairs. 

It ia ail very well, however, to rail at the governnient; 
the fault is our own; it lies with those who prefer money 
to morality, who prefer personal profit to the purity of 
the eomai on wealth, who prefer ill-gotten gain to honesty 
and deeeney, who prefer in eoiirts judges ^vho wink at 
wealth never forgetting whence are to come the votes to 
secure their reelects oh, —who will submit to insult and 
interference rather than forego profit, in a word the fault 
lies with the influential members of the community who 
are too indifferent or too timid to arise and purge tlieir 
city of its defilement 

'" The trouble ia that too many of us prefer bad govern- 
B^t to good, prefer pliant tools in ofBee to men we 
cannot buy, prefer slavish labor whose votes we can 
control to manly e3ti;!enship in our workingmen, prefer a 
RTuall iniquitous personal gain to the houov antl interests 
of a great coimixonwealth. And withal over this small 
personal gain which we so jealously guard we are great 
cowards, the beat of us even not daring to speak from our 
hearts, as was shown at an election the other day when 
over a score of evil measures put forth by the exploiters 
of the workingman, not a word was spoken against them 
while under discussion before election^ but at the polls 
they were defeated by a niy.jority of three or five to one. 

To all this, however, there is a brigliter side. These 
evils will pass as all evil passes. Nowhere arc found finer 
specimens of liberal and chivalrous manhood tiian here. 
Ever Ednce gold-digging days California haa been proud 

29 






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.■■■■" -.'^^ ", : .: ■- 



RETROSPECTION 

of liei" people;, anil her people have been proud of Cali- 
fornia. J 

Though ivith sonift money is preferred heforo moralityj 
iind bribable office-lioklerK to lioiiest men, thts(.i are not 
San Francisco; her citizens aro much better than thu 
average, more honest, more courteous, more progressive. 
It is a city full of joy and pleasure^ wealthy ami laud- 
ably ambitiou.s, and prosperous to a certain esterit in 
spite of drawbacks whieli let us hoj^e are only temporary. 
And yet more. There will come a time when this 
American soil wull ^row men free from that inordinate 
craving for office^ that love of power and political plunder 
which is the eurse of this republican i^overiiment, U-nd- 
in^ as it does to de^i^ade mind anil morals and to sacrifice 
the hif^dicst intellectual sifts upon the altar of expedi- 
ency- There will come a time when on these shores of 
the Pacific there will be p:rown a race of men with loftier 
ideals eoncertiin^ man and his destiny than any which 
have yet apjieared, men who will value the honor and 
dignity of theii' country above auy personal advantage, 
and Will have too hijrh a regard for labor to permit the 
true interest of the various classes of worktngmcu to be 
wrecked by suicidal policies. 

Then, too, will have passed Prnssian militarism, the 
underlying; principle of kaiser kultur, the dementia of 
Treitschke and NeitKsche and Eucken, the deification of 
force, of brute force and brutishnesa, the deification of 
dishonor, of treachery, of robbery and murder, the basis of 
Teutonic conscience and morale, an Acheron stream bear- 
ing upon its surface pretended purity and progress to the 
ennobling and redemption of the nations, — militarism, a 
memory to be recalled with horror. , , , ^...^ 

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UNEVERSITY OF CAUFORNIA LIBRARY