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International Journal of Trend in Scientific 
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A Review on Rasadhyaya: It’s Importance in Alchemy 


Dr. Kavita 

PG Scholar,Dept, of RSBK, Govt. 
Ayurved College, Raipur, C.G., India 


Dr. M. K. Dash 

Lecturer, PG Dept, of RSBK, Govt. 
Ayurved College, Raipur, C.G., India 


Dr. Gajendra Sahu 

PG Scholar,Dept, of RSBK, Govt. 
Ayurved College, Raipur, C.G., India 


Dr. S. M. Parhate 

Professor & H.O.D., PG Dept, of RSBK, Govt. 
Ayurved College, Raipur, C.G., India 


Dr. K. S. Karbhal 

Reader, PG Dept, of RSBK, Govt. 
Ayurved College, Raipur, C.G., India 


ABSTRACT 

According to the development chronology, the use of 
Rasa Chikitsa Started from the 7 th century to the 10 th or 
11 th century. With the use of Rasa-Rasayanadi , success 
in Dehavada & Lohavada began to be successful and 
the attitude of Acharyas towards Rasa Chikitsa. In the 
tradition of Rasa Chikitsa, the Rasadhyaya written by 
Siddha Kankayala and his disciple comes. Rasadhyaya 
also comes in the classical treatise in high quality 
Rasagranthas . Its shaili (style), bhasha (language), 
nirmana prakara (method of drug formulations) & 
mana nirupana (value representation) etc. keeps its 
own space. In this article, the special description of 
Rasadhyaya & the contribution of Rasadhyaya in Rasa 
shastra have been described. 

II INTRODUCTION 

In Rasashastra , the term rasa is indicative of Parada 
(Mercury). Since the Mercury does, the ‘rasana’ or 
‘aswadana’ (engulf) of ‘ Abhrakadi rasa dravya’ and 
‘Swarnadi dhatu’ it is called ‘Rasa’. Since its judicious 
therapeutic use slows down aging process (jara ), heals 
many diseases ( ruja) and delays death ( mrityu ), it is 
called ‘ Rasa’!' ^ The ‘ Rasaushadhis ’ are known for 
smaller dosage. They do not cause any nauseating 
sensation during consumption. These medicines 
provide quick results and they are useful in majority of 
difficult to cure disease conditions. These medicines are 
also good appetizers and digestives. Rasadhyaya is an 


authoritative text on Rasashastra and contains all the 
details of various procedures involved in drug 
purification and preparation. Rasadhyaya is an ancient 
and authentic book in its time. It has more importance 
in the contemporary Rasagrantha (Rasa text) Hence its 
Rasadhyaya. name is meaningful. 

III PREDICTION OF PERIOD 

There is no any specific time period is given in the 
book. Rasadhyaya Author Kankalaya seems to be 
ancient, because their preaching period is not known. It 
can be said that it was contemporary of the Yawan 
raj'ya. Because he has used Yawan shashan kalik maap 
(measure) Valla, Gadyad, Man etc.in his book. 

IV AUTHOR DETAILS & COMMENTARIES 

In the tradition of Rasa Chikitsa , the Rasadhyaya 
written by Siddha Kankayala and his disciple comes. 
Rasadhyaya nibandhan has been done by Champaka , 
as it appears from the last stanza of the book. Siddha 
Kankalayan preached his follower whose name is not 
mentioned, he gave this text a form & Champak 
essayed it with detail. Champak himself introduced as 
the name of Champak, son of Adi in Yadav Vanshiya 
tradition & the history of the treatise has indicated the 
14 th Century. The name of his mentor was Mahendra 
prabha. The commentary of Rasadhyaya is done by 


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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470 


Merutund Jain in 1386 A.D. 

V MATERIALS & METHODS- 

After going through the subject matter of Rasadhyaya, 
it is found that the whole text is completed in 21 
specific chapters known as Adhikar. The whole book is 
mainly based on 18 specialized processing techniques 
of Mercury i.e.Samskar and on affecting other metals 
by Parada (Mercury). However it is not only a text of 
Alchemy but also used as medical treatise. 

1 st Adhikar - Shrinkhla rasa, Parada samskar 

• This Adhikar (chapter) starts with Namaskaratmak 
Mangal. 

• Parada sapt kanchuk dosha (mritika maya, pashan 
maya, jaljata maya, nagaj, vangaj, shyama, kalika), 
Parada pancha dosha (mala, vahni, visha, darp, 
unmatta) & Dosha mukt Parada are described. 

• After Eighteen samskar Parada gets Dehasiddhi & 
Lohasiddhi. 

• This chapter is called Shrinkhla Rasa due to the 
description of Parada Samskar in a series of ways. 
The samskar are Patsaran, mardana, shodhan, 
murchanothapana, rasapatana, rasa utthana, 
swedana, niyamana, nirodhan, mukhkari, jarana, 
vedhkrut, sarana, marana, pratisarana, kramana, 
vedhan & uddhatan. 

• Superiority of Parada over other Rasayana drugs. 
Abhraka shodhana, Jirna abhraka jarana vidhi, 
Jirna abhraka parada jarana vidhi, Dhanyabhraka 
lakshan, Abhra-pisti nirmana vidhi also described 
in this adhikar. 

• Acharya has also described the opinions of other 
Acharya’s with their views. 131 

2 nd Adhikar - Hemaraji, Ghoshraji, Makshikraji, 
Nagaraji detail 

• In 2 nd Adhikar Rajiswarup nirupana is mentioned 
for the Jarana of Parada (Mercury). 

• In this chapter there is a representation of nature of 
Hemaraji. Vox Jarana, add 1/64 part of Hemaraji to 
8 times of Parada (Mercury). 

• Hemaraji, Nagaraji, Prakashraji, Kamsyaraji, 
Makshikraji are described. 

• Nagaraji is common Raji, Makshikraji is medium, 


Kamsyaraji is good & the Prkashraji is the best. l4) 

3 rd Adhikar — Khapar Satvapatana 

• In this Adhikaar Satvapatana of Khapar is 
described. 

• For the Khapar satvapatan, Tumbanali yantra is 
described. 

• Also Kacchapakar musa, Vartulakar musa and 
Bhudhar yantra are described for Kharpar 
satvapatana. <5) 

4 th Adhikar - Manahshila Satvapatana 

• Manahshila satvapatana is described in this 
chapter. 

• For the Manahshila satvapatan Kupipakva (kanch 
kupi) is described. (6) 

5 th Adhikar - Shadloha marana vidhi 

• In this chapter 6 types of Loha marana is described. 

• For Naga marana Manahshila is used, for Vang 
marana Hartal is used, for Loha marana Hingula is 
used, for Tamra marana shuddh gandhak (pure 
sulpher) is used, For Rajat marana Tilmakshik is 
used and for the Swarna marana Naga is used. 

• Marana processes for all metals are same. (7) 

6 th Adhikar - Tridha Shadloha drutikarana vidhi 

• 3 types of Shadloha drutikarana vidhi is described 
in this Adhikar. 

• Shadloha druti are Hemadruti, Raupyadruti, 
Tamradruti, Lohadruti, Nagadruti and Vangadruti. 

• Sphatika, Tankan kshar, Devdali panchang and 
gomutra are described for Shadloha druti. ^ 

7 th Adhikar — Tridha Annapathkaran vidhi 

• Annapathkaran vidhi for the Heerakjarana. 

• 3 types of Heerak Annapathkaran (jarana ) are 
described by the use of Kukkutputa. (9) 

8 th Adhikar - Panchadha Heerakbhasmikaran vidhi 

• This chapter described the Heerak (diamond) 
pariksha and it has been said that Heerak does not 
burn by fire, does not break on falling and does not 


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drown in water, so it is difficult to test. 

• So for the test of Heerak, take the Heerak in the 
hand and rub it on. In which there is no single line 
and whose shine does not decrease, it is called 
natural Heerak. 

• Five types of Heerak bhasma are described. 110) 

9 th Adhikar - Dwidha Gandhak shodhana vidhi 

• Sthali patra is described for the two types of 
Gandhak shodhan vidhi. 

• In the Rasa karma, the use of shuddh Gandhak 
(pure sulpher) in both these forms is described. (11) 

l(f h Adhikar - Dwidha Gandhakpithi nirmana vidhi 

• Two types of Gandhakpithi is described in this 
chapter. 

• In first method- in clean Tamra patra (copper 
vessel) keep pure sulpher and pure Mercury and 
mantle well with finger, with this method, Parad 
and Gandhakpithi has been prepared. 

• In second method - Make Kajjali from 1 part of 
pure Mercury and equal part of pure Gandhak. 
Make pithi by adding Shrikhand rasa/ Hemavalli 
rasa in Kajjali. After this Kajjali has been kept in 
saravsamput and placed in the Kukkut puta. 

• In this chapter, Swarna (gold) nirman vidhi has 
been mentioned. Melt 384 grams of Silver and mix 
6 grams of Sulpher in it, from this method 
Panchdash (fifteen) coloured Swarna (gold) are 
produced. This Gandhak pithi is helpful in the work 
of gold producers ( swarna nirman karta). ^ 12) 

11 th Adhikar - Gandhak Taila nirmana vidhi 

• Gandhak Taila nirmana (formation of sulpher oil) 
vidhi is described in this chapter. 

• By the use of 60 kgs Pashan churna (chuna), 40 
kgs Gandhak and 40 kgs. Sajji kshara water, the 
method of oil production has been described. (131 

12 th Adhikar — Gandhak Taila dwara Tridha 

Hemakarma vidhi 

• In this chapter three types of Hemet nirmana vidhi is 
described by the use of Gandhak taila. 


13 th Adhikar - Gandhak Taila dwara 

Sahastrabedharasa vidhi 

• In this chapter Hema nirmana vidhi (with 
sahastravedhak khot ) is described by the use of 
Gandhak taila and Hemaraji jeerna Parada. 

• For the making of different Hema different metals 
{Tamra, Naga, Vanga etc ) are used. (35 - 1 

14 th Adhikar- GandhakDruti-Pithinirmana vidhi 

• In this chapter Ghandhak Druti -Pithi nirmana 
vidhi is described by the use of Sajji kshara water, 
Gandhak and Abhraka (in Kumbh kupi). (U6 - ) 

15 th Adhikar - Gandhak Druti-Pithi karm vidhi 

• In this chapter of Rasadhyaya, the Karma (function) 
of Gandhak (Sulpher) has been described. 

• Gandhak Druti-Pisti is used for Swarna nirmana , 
for Parada bandha and pota nirman and also used 
for best Swarna nirmana. (17) 

16 th Adhikar - Talaka shodhana vidhi 

• In this chapter Godanti Hartal purification method 
is described. Five types of drugs are essential for 
shodhana (purification) of Godanti Harital- 1) 
Lime water, 2) Kusmand juice, 3) Milk, 4) water of 
Vadvai and 5) Kanji (with salt). 

• Disorders due to the consumption of unclean 
Godanti Hartal have been described. <IX) 

17 th Adhikar - Tala karm nirupan 

• In this chapter function of pure Hartal has been 
described. 

• The person who consumes pure Hartal per day in 
quantity of 1 Ratti, will became free from 18 types 
of Kustas within 6 months. His new teeth comes out 
and hair becomes black." 9 ’ 

18 th Adhikar - Tridha Abhraka Drutikaran vidhi 

• In this chapter described the three types of Abhraka 
Druti nirmana vidhi. * 20 - 1 

19 th Adhikar - Abhraka Drutikaran karya 

• In this chapter three types of Dhanyabhraka Druti 
Karma has been described. 

• The person who consumes 120 mg. of Abhraka 


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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470 


Druti, has becomes Tejasvi (stunning), Nischal 
(clean) and Akshay (renewable) within 6 months. 
Deha siddhi and Loha siddhi are achived through 
its intake. (21) 

2(f h Adhikar - Hemavajra Bhasma, Bhunaag-satva- 
nispanna karma 

• In this chapter Hemavajra bhasma and 
Bhunaagsatva nirupana karma has been described. 

• It promotes strengthening and beauty of the body. 

( 22 ) 

21 th Adhikar - Kilavaalvadini Gutika nirmana vidhi 

• In the last Adhikar (chapter) of the Rasadhyaya, 
Acharya described the Gutikanjana and Balvadini 
gutika and its preparation methods. (23) 

DISCUSSION 

Many words and preparation processes in this text 
differ from other texts. There are some words that are 
not known by dictionaries and other texts, like Karpar, 
Kodiyaka, Siddhachakra, Valla, Gadyaan, Mana, 
Dugdhpali, Leehalaka, Kumbak etc. which do not have 
clear knowledge from the dictionary. Acharya’s unique 
contribution is seen in this text. In this text, the methods 
of Parada Samskar are different from other 
contemporary texts. In the order of the Parada 
Samskar, he first described the Patsarana, which is 
their fundamental contribution. In this text Acharya 
explained the process of Heerak (diamond) testing and 
the formation of Gandhak oil. Gold production has 
been described by Gandhak oil and Gandhak-Druti- 
Pisti. Description of different types of Druti in the 
maximum chapters, are the speciality of the text. In this 
text Acharya quoted that Dehavada and Lohavada 
will be achived by the consumption of Parada 
formulations, Khot formulations and Gutika 
formulations. Acharya has highly praised the treatment 
of Rasaaushadhi very effectively. In Rasadhyaya the 
Author has included different types of Druti, Pisti and 
Rasa aushadhies by his own experience. There is no 
any dought that Rasadhyaya is one of the best texts of 
its time. In modem era it is also very useful in the 
preparation of various pharmaceutical formulations. 


CONCLUSION 

In this text very systematic description of Parada 
Samskar (Astadasha) has been described not only for 
the metallic transformation but also for the metabolic 
transformation by which body will become strong and 
healthy. The features of Rasa therapy is that it works 
quickly and gives health immedietly. Rasadhyaya is 
known for its virtue of practical usefulness. It gives 
contribution to the development of Rasashastra through 
various methods of preparations of Rasa-yogas. 
Chapters and its contents are well arranged. 
Rasadhyaya is an important text on Ancient Indian 
Alchemy and therapeutics. The subject matter of the 
text is focused on performance and alternative methods 
of experimentation. 

REFERENCES 

1. Dattatrey Anant Kulkami, Rasa ratna samucchaya, 
Meharchand Lakshman publication, New Delhi, 
Reprint 2010, 1/77, pp:9 

2. Pt. Ramprasad, Rasendra sara samgrah, Khemraj 
ShriKrishnadas Publication, Mumbai, edition 
2009,1/4, pp:2 

3. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 1-49 

4. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 49-53 

5. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 53-54 

6. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 54-55 

7. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 58-59 

8. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp:55-58 

9. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp:59-63 

10. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 


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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470 


Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 63-68 

11. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 68-69 

12. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 69-70 

13. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 71-72 

14. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 72-75 

15. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 75-76 

16. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 76-77 

17. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 77-79 

18. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 79-81 

19. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 81-84 

20. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 85-88 

21. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 89-91 

22. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp:91-94 

23. Dr. Indradeva Tripathi, Rasadhyaya, Chaukhambha 
Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi, second edition-1982, 
pp: 94-100 


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