COMMUNIST PARTY OF TEXAS
1940 STATE PLATFORM
VOTE FOR THESE CANDIDATES:
For President EARL BR0WDER
The General Secretary of the Communist Party of the United States.
For Vice-President -- JAMES W. FORD
Well-known national leader of the Negro people.
For United States Senator HOMER BROOKS
Texas State Secretary of the Communist Party.
For United States Cong., 20th Dist. (San Antonio) ..._.EMM A TENAYUCA
Militant Leader of the Mexican workers of. San Antonio and the
For Governor of Texas BEN H. LAUDERDALE
A West Texas farmer, and an active member of the Texas
For Lieutenant Governor.-. . CECIL B. ROBINETT
A militant young Houston leader of the fight for Negro rights.
For Railroad Commissioner ENOCH HARDAWAY
A West Texas oil field worker (tool dresser), active member in
the Oil Workers Union.
For Attorney General J. LLOYD WRIGHT
Well-known in San Antonio and Texas labor circles.
For Commissioner of Agriculture ORTON T. CAMPBELL
A leader in progressive activities in Waco, and student of farm
VOTE FOR PEACE!
Neither the Democratic Party and its candidates for State office
mn* In< Republicans have anything in their records that will benefit
ihv long .suffering and oppressed sections of the Texas people.
Scores of thousands of our elder citizens still suffer hunger and
ill health physically, and humiliation mentally, by the lack of pension
money, because monopoly interests refuse to shoulder the tax respon-
sibilities required to meet pension needs.
Hundreds of thousands of Texans depend directly upon the land
for a living. These farm workers, small tenants, sharecroppers, and
the iamily sized mortgaged-f arm owners are being thrown increas-
ingly into the depressed, landless and wandering status of the Joads
Ihis process is due to the long continued oppression of the processing
* mo f opohes, to the competition from large capitalist farm undertakings
and to the scarcity program of the federal government, etc.
_ Scores of thousands of workers are unemployed through no fault
of their own; yet in most localities in the state, relief for their welfare
is completely inadequate or non-existent.
Political democracy is extremely limited in Texas, which keeps
the majority of the people from enjoying the right to vote. The white
primary disfranchises the entire Negro population. The impossibility
2? ™? etmg P^sent naturalization -requirements keeps the majority of
the Mexican people disfranchised. The POLL TAX prevents the major-
ity of the poor people— white, Negro, or Mexican— from voting.
Labor in Texas receives low wages. The State has a very inade-
quate workmen's compensation act. Labor has no state laws such as
a Labor Relations Act to protect its interests, while an anti-labor At-
torney General allows the monopolies to go scot free and persecutes
the trade unions. Such conditions create favorable opportunities for
employers to carry on the most intense exploitation of Texas labor.
Heavy taxes load down the small property owners. The present
unequal distribution of the tax burden lets the oil industry off with
a disproportionately low tax. The vicious tax load of the people threat-
ens, under O'Damel, to become still worse through the proposed sales
tax on food and clothing necessities, as contained in the S.J.R. No. 12.
Finally, the most important problem to Texans and to all the
people of the United States is that of maintaining this nation in peace
We are being driven headlong into the present imperialist war in
Europe. The lives of our youth are threatened. The democratic rights
of the people are being cancelled, Hitlerism thus being brought into
America by our "own" Wall Street government. ™™s™ into
These are the real issues facing the people of Texas. Most of these
basic issues are side-stepped by the Democratic and Republican Party
canoidates. Where these issues cannot be side-stepped, the candidates
champion the interests of the monopolies and trusts and attempt to
convince the people that these interests are their interests.
The Communist Party is the only truly peace party in the 1940
campaign It is the only Party that defends the true interests of all
SS *?^ ^ th J: workln £ people. The Communist Party therefore enters
the 1940 election campaign with its own candidates, and with a people's
. platform that fully conforms with the present interests, needs and as-
pirations of the Texas people. The Communist Party pledges itself arid
its candidates to work for the achievement of the following program :
iV«J.MXJXXXX T JJJ
1. LABOR'S RIGHTS— A state Wage-Hour Act t,
under wages and a ceiling over hours T?hus IMtitg 1
tfon of m Tlo b0Undl r S ex P loita tion now WcticeTagiinn
A^f JZZT Tk T' A . S t ate Labw delations Act *iim
right of collective bargaining to ALL workers vm»\ v
fe s fj^- e a S d l0 ? a ? public works contracts^ 1
labors collective bargaining rights. End the use of si t
national guardsmen, or police against strikers Amend h
Compensation Act to make it really adequate in lino wi
proposed by the AFL and CIO le&slative^
tion m labor disputes act." Progiams, An
State aid to coope™ > mSfng to S a S, A f to a ^ lta «.
the. competition of large capital fJm^= a k ?"u U ^? rme 1 rs *° meet
in transportation by liftin^WV 1L3T v - £ bolls1 ?. rallr "ad monopoly
through extenZn of homestead exeJ^ ?* re ," e / to sma11 fa ™
Graduated land taxes u^ large? f^™? rf B h? dude ^ ]ocal taxes -
foreclosures until cost of production rlt^ ^,^° Ia }r a ^' and no
family sized farm. ^""""lon returns are achieved by the average
4. TAXATION PROGRAM— NO SALES TA* At,, t
per barrel tax upon oil, graduated so aVnnt ti 75' ^ twe "ty cents
ducers. A pipeline tax. Severance texe. ,,,,1 f f u Ct the sma11 P ro "
and carbon black. A state Income tax *t »*° n ^Vhur naturual gas,
of the federal income tex Thefe measureftncSr^ 61 ^ \ &]t the ***
state approximately $200,00 >000 IhTl^f 1 ™ W1 " . bring to the
New York by the big eastern finVLu,? • t Y b ? mgr sl Phoned out to
of our state. This mo^neTXl should be St Y h °™» Mt ^ People
as their rightful share, will adeauatelv KnlnT^ the - P , eopIe of Texas
sion, unemployment relief health 'Lf^ *! S0Clal securi *y> P<*>-
by this program.. neaitn, and farm aid measures proposed
5. FULL RIGHTS TO THE NEGRO PFfVPrw a K .-*• „ ,
white primary. Guarantee of the rio-ht to w£t C ! PLE — Aboi rtion of the
upon basis of equality wfth whiJe workers An eJK "*$ or , indu ^
including equal pay for Negro IS t^h1^TNe^&?„P Bte ?'
equal m equipment to the present University ' of ■ tSm En,,*? I 6 ™' 7
tumty to employment in all brackets of state and local ni.M^t °P POr_
m general, abolition of all special measures of ^'.P""''?. service—
economic, political and social sphered discrimination in the
6. END DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THE MEXICAN PEOPLE
— Extend to all Mexicans of ten years' residence in Texas the right to
vote regardless of citizenship, until federal citizenship requirements
as to cost and language are modified, so that every Mexican desiring
citizenship can become nautralized. Equal rights to all jobs, and equal
pay for equal work. Punishment for all those who attempt to establish
a Jim-crow system against the Mexican people in such public services
as restaurants, parks, hotels, swimming pools, schools, hospitals, etc.
Recognition of the Spanish language in the public school system and
other official governmental agencies upon a basis of equality with Eng-
lish wherever a majority or substantial minority of the local population
uses Spanish as their mother tongue.
7. EXTEND DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS TO THE SOUTH— Enf orce-
ment of the Bill of Rights of the State and Federal Constitutions. ABOL-
ISH ALL UNDEMOCRATIC RESTRICTIONS UPON THE RIGHT TO
VOTE, PARTICULARLY THE POLL TAX AND THE WHITE PRI-
* * *
Working people of Texas : The State Legislative Program of the
Communist Party does not include matters coming more properly under
the heading of national domestic and foreign policy since these are
adequately dealt with in our national platform. The state and national
platforms taken together deal with the most pressing immediate needs
of all of the toiling masses. These measures proposed are for the most
part already part of the legislative programs of the various farm, labor,
youth, Negro and Mexican people's organizations of this country. They
are not measures which go beyond the scope of the possibilities of the
capitalist economic system, but rather are measures which can be real-
ized now if those workers, farmers, and others who support these de-
mands will unite and free themselves from the old capitalist-dominated
political parties. The Communist Party, as well as increasing numbers
of other people, realize that any fundamental solution of such problems
as unemployment, war, exploitation, will await a socialist reorganiza-
tion of the economic basis of society — the path which the Russian work-
ers have so successfully followed during the past twenty-three years.
Nevertheless, it is worthwhile, since the people are not yet ready for
a socialist change, to organize, educate, and unite the trade unions, and
other mass organizations of working people to carry through a sustained
struggle for their minimum immediate needs, first and foremost of which
are PEACE, SECURITY, JOBS, AND DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS, A vote
for the Communist Party will be one more added force to help realize
these needs of the working people. Don't waste your vote by casting it
for one of the capitalist party candidates.
Vote Communist in the 1940 Elections, November 5, 1940
Texas State Committee of the Communist Party, USA.
Office address: 8038 Avenue E, Houston Texas.
Mail address: P. O. Box 1834, Houston, Texas.
San Antonio Address : P. O. Box 1754, San Antonio, Texas.
EMMA TENAYUCA, State Chairman.