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February 1, 1978 

mn m^mmu mum. 



I5i5 E. 6th AVE. 
H 1 «:NA, MONTAf." 'i962f 

Compiled by 

David G. Conkiin 

State Planner 


3 0864 0014 8954 4 



Febrmars^ !.„ 19179 


February 1, 1978 

This annual report to the public describes 
the responsibilities and activities of the Recrea- 
tion and Parks Division during the fiscal year 
beginning July 1, 1976, and ending June 30, 1977. 

While this report is organized on a fiscal 
year basis, certain facts and figures are also 
given for the previous calendar year where it is 
more meaningful to do so. 

Roles and Responsibilities 

The primary responsibilities of the Recrea- 
tion and Parks Division are to conserve the scenic, 
historic, archaeologic, scientific, and recreational 
resources of Montana and to make these resources 
available to the public. Such resources are made 
available through operation and maintenance of the 
state park system which includes state parks, 
state recreation areas, monuments, fishing access 
sites, recreational waterways, and recreation 
roads and trails. The division also administers 
the federal Land and Water Conservation Fund Act 
in Montana, and has responsibility for several other 
recreation producing programs. 

The State Park System 

The call for state parks was a natural out- 
growth of the national park idea and became a 
nationwide movement in the early 1920' s. A 
national conference on state parks was called 
in 1921. The consensus of the group was that 
state parks were becoming necessary for three 
primary reasons: 

1. To preserve areas of beauty and character that did not, for lack of national significance 
or other reasons, qualify as national parks; 

2. To provide uncommercialized places for public rest and recreation; 

Hell Creek State Recreation Area on 
Fort Peak Reservoir beoame part of 
the state park system in 1949 — 
Put Gudmundson Cotleation. 


To provide the vitalizing contact with nature which was once implicit in national life 
that a swiftly urbanizing population had become separated from. 




Twill-ygt: im';"iJ«»:^ jg^ "TL. Itfif 




A movement toward the creation of systems of recreation areas within the states emerged 
from this meeting. Although the contents of a state park system were nebulous at first, defini- 
tions were written, criteria established and classifications proposed. Montana faced typical 
western problems in developing a state park system due to its sparse population, small tax 
base, large land area and high percentage of federal land ownership as well as large areas of 
spectacular beauty already preempted as national parks. 

The relationships between the promoters of a state park system, the state legislature, 
and the various state land managii^ agencies led to unique solutions to the typical organizational 
and funding problems common to many states. These factors created the idea for a Montana 
state park system and molded it over half a century into what it is today. 

Federal encouragement during the 1930's was the major impetus for Montana's first state 
park in 1936 and comprehensive state park law in 1939. Further federal assistance during 
the 1960's provided for continuing expansion of the state park system. However, financial 
support of this greatly expanded park system remains critical if existing and additional recrea- 
tional resources are to be provided for public "use and enjoyment" while "conserving the 
scenic, historic, archaeologic, scientific and recreational resources of the state" (Section 
62-301, R.C.M. 1947). 

Visitation — An estimated 8, 105,000 recreation occasions were provided during an 
estimated 2,051,842 visits to the Montana state park system durii^ the 1976 calendar 
year (1 visit results in approximately 4 recreation activity occasions). Overnight visits 
accoimted for approximately 25 percent of the total. These figures include the 70,168 people 
who toured Lewis and Clark Caverns during 1976, 

Park System Areas — The opportunities above were provided at the following 243 
park system areas during fiscal year 1976-77: 








Total 235 243 

*Not added to total 

Number as of 

Number as of 

December 31, 1976 

June 30, 1977 

State Parks 



State Recreation Areas 



State Monuments 



State Recreational Waterways 



State Recreation Roads 



State Recreation Trails 



State Fishing Access Sites 



Picnics are still as popular as they were 70 years ago and facilities have 
improved greatly — photo by Elrod, University of Montana Archives. 

Significant changes from last fiscal year's report include the reclassification of Bannack 
from a state monument to a state park on February 25, 1977. State recreation areas Clark 
Canyon Reservoir and Tiber Reservoir were returned to the administration of the federal 
Bureau of Reclamation by mutual agreement in September, 1976, and May, 1977, respectively. 
Problems created by very large fluctuations in water levels at both reservoirs and by modifi- 
cations to Tiber Dam made management of these areas very costly to the state. The Bureau 
or Reclamation is now actively managing these areas for outdoor recreation. Also, Whittecar 
(Hamilton) Recreation Area purchased in January, 1976, was leased in May, 1977, to Ravalli 
County to be administered by the county as a rifle range. 

Three new state recreation areas were added to the system during fiscal year 1976-77. 
Two areas. Fish Hawk day-use area and Chalet group-use area, were developed by the Parks 
Division out of the National Guard-leased recreation site on Canyon Ferry Reservoir. The 
most significant land acquisition, however, was the 55,000-acre Mount Haggin State Recrea- 
tion Area near Anaconda. 

Also listed in the park system are five rivers designated in 1972 as components of 
the state recreational waterway system. They are the segments of the Yellowstone, 
Missouri, Flathead, and Smith rivers and Rock Creek. These waterways are not reflected 
in the system totals, however, because they are not being actively managed as units although 
individual sites within these segments are classified and totaled in other categories. 

The Missouri River Recreation Road near Wolf Creek, however, is listed as one 
unit although it does offer recreation facilities at several locations. The Belt Creek State 
Recreation Trail is listed but not reflected in the totals because it lies within Sluice Boxes 
State Monument. 


Nine new state fishing access sites were acquired by purchase, lease, or gift and 
additions were made to three existing state parks, one existing state monument and 
two existing state fishing access sites. Also, on October 26, 1976, the Fish and Game 
Commission changed the name of Lake Mary Ronan State Recreation Area to Bob Lambeth 
Memorial State Recreation Area. 

The following acquisitions were completed between July 1, 1976, and Jvine 30, 1977: 

Date Name County Acreage Cost Purpose 

7-19-76 Mount Haggin SRA, Silver Bow 55,000. $1,900,000.00 General recrea- 

Game Management Area - Deer Lodge 

8- 5-76 Gallatin Forks FAS Gallatin 

8-12-76 Cobblestone Cove FAS Gallatin 

9-10-76 Addition to Sluice Cascade 

Boxes SM 


Addition to Bannack SP Beaverhead 


Additions to 
Makoshika SP 



Droulliard FAS 



Addition to Giant 


Springs SP 

2-27-77 Boulder Forks FAS 

4- 7-77 Addition to Kokanee 
Bend FAS 

Sweet Grass 

5- 6-77 Carter's Bridge FAS Park 

5-12-77 Forest Grove FAS Mineral 

6-14-77 Pipe Organ FAS Beaverhead 

6-15-77 Petty Creek FAS Missoula 
and addition 

6-22-77 Addition to Kelly Missoula 
Island FAS 

6-22-77 Johnsrud Park FAS Missoula 

plus 1 million tion and game 
dollar donation management 

268. $97, 075. 00 fishing and floating 

190.28 $140,318.35 fishing and floating 

140.99 $352.48 wildlife habitat 



11,390.00 historic preservation 

3,114.15 $2,967.00 road and scenic 


40. 52 $22, 287. 10 fishing and floating 

48.00 $102,840.00 recreation, open 

space, and reg. hdq./ 
interpretive center 

72.48 $140,000.00 fishing 

67.30 $35,325.00 fishing and floating 

2.82 $9,500.00 

5.45 $25,000.00 

550.00 $245,000.00 

24.68 $33,700.00 

fishing and floating 

fishing and floating 


fishing and floating 

20.84 no charge fishing and floating 
10.00 no charge fishing and floating 


Land and Water Conservation Fund Administration 

The Land and Water Conservation Fund is a federal grants program that provides 
grants to the states and their political subdivisions to assist with 
acquisition and development of public outdoor recreation areas and facilities. Grants 
may be used to fund up to fifty percent of outdoor recreation project costs. 

The Department of Fish and Game was designated in 1965, by law, as the state agency 
responsible for administration of the program. The Parks Division handles the program for 
the department. In the fourteen years since the program's inception, Montana has received 
$19,055,000 from the Land and Water Conservation Fund. With the fifty percent matching 
requirement this has resulted in excess of $38,000,000 being expended on outdoor recreation 
areas and facilities in Montana as a direct result of the Land and Water Conservation Fund. 

In fiscal 1977 Montana's Land and Water Conservation Fund apportionment totaled 
$1,635,221. Approximately seventy percent of Montana's fiscal 1978 apportionment was 
obligated to local projects with the remaining thirty percent obligated to projects sponsored 
by the State of Montana (figure 1). Generally, it is the intent of the Fish and Game Commission 
to achieve in the long run a fifty-fifty local/state split in apportioning Land and Water Conser- 
vation I\inds. 

Roughing it in 1920 — George Ruber Collection 


Figure 1. Local Projects 


Scope Fi£ 

seal '77 BOR Dollars 


tennis complex 

$ 60,000 

Cascade County (Ulm) 

park development 


Cascade County (Black Eagle) 

park development 



pool and tennis addition 


Cut Bank 

recreation complex 


Dawson County 

Softball and playground 



tennis courts 


Flathead County 

park development 


Great Falls 

park development 


Great Falls 

tennis complex 



park acquisition and development 



golf course 



park development 


Lewis and Clark County 

park development 



park development 



park development 



tennis courts 

14, 550 

Ravalli County 

golf course 


Red Lodge 

tennis courts 



tennis courts 



park development 



tennis courts 



tennis courts 



parks development 



parks acquisition and development 
State Projects 



Location Fiscal '77 BOR Dollars 

Confer FAS/A 

Jefferson River 

$ 6,686 

Kokanee Bend n FAS/A 

Flathead River 


Pelican FAS/A 

Yellowstone River 


Forest Grove FAS/A & D 

Clark Fork River 


Pipe Organ FAS/A 

Beaverhead River 


Roche Juane FAS/A 

Yellowstone River 


Natural Bridge/D 

Sweet Grass County 


Heritage Park SP/A 

Cascade Coimty 


Hellgate SRA/D 

Canyon Ferry Reservoir 


Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan 


old West Regional Commission — In May of 1977 the governors of the Old West Regional 
Commission (OWRC) approved a regional program to supplement the basic grants provided 
to the states through the Land and Water Conservation Fund. These supplemental grants were 
to be used for any development projects that were eligible for use of Land and Water Conser- 
vation Fund dollars. The Parks Division of the Department of Fish and Game was given the 
responsibility of administering the OWRC supplemental grants program in Montana. 

Each of the Old West states were allocated supplemental grant monies equal to ten 
percent of their annual apportionment from the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Montana 
received $163,522 from the OWRC in fiscal 1977. 

In 1977, OWRC dollars, in Montana, were handled identically to the way Land and 
Water Conservation Fund dollars were handled. 

Five local projects submitted by Montana communities and one state project received 
OWRC grants. Figure 2 lists the sponsors and projects receiving OWRC grants. 


State of Montana 





Pondera County 

New Legislation and other Responsibilities 

The 1977 legislature passed several laws which affect the operation of the Parks Division. 
Planned program budgeting was implemented by the division and department on July 1, 1977, 
as a result of House Bill 631, 1975 session. 

The Montana Snowmobile Association sponsored House Bill 340 to collect three-tenths 
of one percent of the gasoline tax as a snowmobile fuel tax to be used by the Parks Division 
in addition to the $1.00 annual registration fees allocated to the division for snowmobile 
facilities. This law passed and the estimated $106,000 per year fund, unlike the registration 
fees, can also be used for trail grooming and area operation and maintenance. 

Also, the motorboat fuel tax law (Section 32-2601, R.C.M. 1947) was amended by 
House Bill 635 from six-tenths percent of the gasoline tax to nine-tenths percent on the 
basis of research done by the division as to the amount of gasoline used by motorboats. 
This estimated additional $108,000 per year will help to fund operations, maintenance, 
and development of areas where motorboating is allowed. 

This was the first year that the coal tax (Section 84-1319, R.C.M. 1947) was in 
effect accruing funds for park acquisition. The division requested legislation to amend 
the coal tax to provide for parks operations and maintenance as well as acquisition. 

Figure 2. 


OWRC Dollars 

Lewis and Clark Caverns/D 

$ 74,662 

miniature golf course 


skating rink 


tennis courts 


pool renovation 


golf course improvement 





This bill (Senate Bill 44) was passed and also included provisions for this money to be used 
to maintain paintings in the capitol. Another Senate Bill (117) was passed allowing part 
of the fishing license fees earmarked for purchase of fishing access sites to also be used 
for development, operations, and maintenance. 

Also, House Bill 644 was enacted into law allowing Montana residents over 65 years of 
age to purchase a lifetime "Golden Years Pass" for $1.00 which allows them and those who 
accompany them to use the facilities in all state park system areas. 

Other responsibilities — The administration in Montana of the National Park Service's 
historic preservation grant program was by mutual agency agreement and by executive 
order transferred to the Montana Historical Society effective January 1, 1977. This program 
is closely related to and will complement other programs administered by the Historical 
Society. In turn, relief of this responsibility will allow the department to more appropriately 
concentrate its efforts on site oriented activities including the administration of state 
monuments and other historic sites. 

Fiscal Year 1976-1977 Activities 

The Department of Fish and Game is the state agency responsible for the maintenance 
of the Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP) and undertook a number 
of studies during the past fiscal year to update it. These studies included: 

July 1976 - Summer Resident Recreation Mail-out Survey 

February 1977 - Winter Resident Recreation Mail-out Survey 

Survey of Recreational Needs of the Handicapped 

The Department Fee Structure Study 

Studies Relating to the Identification of Alternate Funding Sources to Support the 

Parks System 
A Study of the Present Land Acquisition System 
Miscellaneous Cooperative Studies with other Agencies 

These studies will provide management information for the park program and statistical 
information for use by all agencies responsible for outdoor recreation in Montana. Main- 
tenance of this plan is required by the Federal Bureau of Outdoor Recreation for Montana 
to remail eligible for the receipt of Land and Water Conservation Funds. 

5y the end of the fiscal year the results of these SCORP studies were being reviewed 
along with park system management problem identification reports by regional park managers. 
This provided the basis for formulating the draft of SCORP which was sent out to all Fish 
and Game regional offices for review during the summer of 1977. 

Other planning projects completed during 1976-77 included recreation data collection 
and interpretation for the Montana subregions of the Missouri River Basin Commission's 
Yellowstone River and Adjacent Coal Areas Level B Study. Also, the end of the fiscal year 
saw completion of the first draft of a history of the Montana State Park System to be 
published later by the department. 


Design and Development 

During fiscal 1977, 12 sites within the park system were improved under the long- 
range building program. Planning for improvements at 33 other sites within the system 
was under way. This included improvements made at 18 fishing access sites and the 
design improvements at six recreation areas. 

The Statewide Bicentennial Project was awarded to the Gallatin County Bicentennial 
Committee for their proposed project at the Missouri Headwaters State Park. Division 
personnel have worked very closely with the committee members and the consulting 
team in the design of this project. This approach has been valuable and rewarding. 

Aaaess to lakes and streams is as important today as 
it was 77 years ago — photo by Elrod, University of 
Montana archives. 

Construction projects, 1976-1977 fiscal year -- 


Bitterroot Lake SRA 
Whitefish SRA 
Finley Point SRA 
Cobblestone Cove FAS 
Missouri Headwaters SP 
West Shore, Canyon Ferry SRA 
Hellgate SRA 
Sluice Boxes SM 

Project Cost 

water and caretaker 44,000 

utilities, comfort station, caretaker 75,000 

water, utilities, caretaker 20,000 

fencing 3,000 

complete facilities inc. interp. 500,000 

road imp 47,000 

roads, utilities, com. sta. , caretaker 180,000 

fencing 5,000 




water, parking, caretaker 








Construction Projects— 1976-1977 fiscal year (continued) 

Site Project Cost 

Beartooth SRA 
Big Timber Brieve FAS 
South Sandstone SRA 
Makoshika SP 

Construction Projects Currently in the Planning Stages 

Placid Lake SRA 

Salmon Lake SRA 

Giant Springs-Heritage Park SP 

Natural Bridge SM 

Tongue River FAS 

Elk Island SRA 

Seven Sisters SRA 

Kohrs Bend FAS 

Total of 20 site protection projects 

5 long-range building projects 

Lewis and Clark Caverns SP 

Other Bureau Activities completed during the Fiscal Year — 

New Montana Recreation Guide brochure 
Blackfoot River brochure 
Plenty Coups Memorial SM brochure 
Survey of Canyon Ferry cabin sites 
4 management plans 

Operations and Maintenance 

Fiscal year activities — Rising maintenance costs resulted in an expansion of our 
"pack-in, pack-out" garble removal program to a large number of fishing access sites. 
This program is working well where use is not heavy. 

As a result of department reorganization by the new director in May, 1977, the 
Recreation and Parks Division recommended name changes which we believe will be 
more descriptive of our activities. These changes became operative July 1, 1977. 
The division became the Parks Division and the Design and Development Bureau became 
the Design and Construction Bureau. 


A personnel chart of the Recreation and Parks Division as of June 30, 1977, is shown 
in Figure 3. 

Several personnel changes occurred during the fiscal year. Lewis and Clark Caverns 
assistant park manager, Stephanie Gibert, was promoted to park manager on December 
1, 1976, to fUl the vacancy created when Dan Vincent became Region 7 park manager. 
On January 31, 1977, Dave Todd was hired as the caverns assistant park manager. Roy 
Herseth was promoted to park manager at Bannack retroactive to April, 1977, 

This was also a year for changes in the secretarial staff. Jeanette Thornton trans- 
ferred into the Parks Division from the director's office and became administrative 
secretary on January 29, 1977, after Betty Disney left the division. Carol Russell trans- 
ferred from Centralized Services Division to fill a secretarial position on February 14, 
1977, which opened when Olive Price transferred to the Centralized Services Division. 
Also, Agnes Wismer was hired as a part-time clerk typist on January 3, 1977. 

Funding Sources and Expenditures — Operations and maintenance funding for the 
division's activities comes from several sources (see figure 4 also): 

General Fund . The Department of Fish and Game's only use of general tax money 
is this appropriation used to maintain state parks, monuments and recreation areas. 

Motorboat Fuel Tax. The division collects 0. 6% of gasoline tax received by the state, 
the minimum amount used by boaters. This money is used solely on areas where 
motorboating is allowed for operations, maintenance and for limited development. 

Earned Revenue. Annual appropriations are required to give the division authority 
to spend entrance fees collected at Lewis and Clark Caverns, camping fees, cabin 
site rentals, and small miscellaneous amounts collected elsewhere for operations 
and maintenance of state parks, recreation areas and monuments. 

License Money . The division receives appropriations from the earmarked license 
account for operations and maintenance of fishing access sites. This money is not 
spent on state parks, recreation areas or monuments. 

Federal and Private Revenue . Relatively small appropriations are usually given 
for operations from this account. This money is used to maintain the State Compre- 
hensive Outdoor Recreation plan and for preplanning for coital projects. 

Capital projects are funded from the long-range building fund from federal and private 
revenue (primarily use of federal matching programs), from earmarked license money 
(for fishing access acquisition and development), in limited amounts, from the motor- 
boat fuel tax account, and from earmarked revenue derived from snowmobile regis- 
tration fees. 

Coal Tax . Through passage of SB 87, the 44th legislature provided for a perpetual land 
acquisition fund to purchase state parks, monuments, recreation areas and historic 
sites. This will, in the future, provide a major source of division funding. Accounting 




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procedures have been established to begin collecting the earmarked revenue. Spending 
authority must be granted through legislative appropriations. The division has identified 
several potential acquisitions and has requested authority to make these purchases 
through the long-range building program. 

Figure 4. 



FUNDING SOURCES.... (FY 1977 = $1,227,367) 

'Sportsmen's Licenses 
'Camping Fees 
Caverns Entrance Fee 
Concession Fees 
Cabin Leases 


$53,595 4% 


$72,484 6% 

$111,014 9% 

$127,690 10% 





Problems and Opportunities 

In recent years, we have been actively seeking alternatives to the traditional "buy and 
build" methods of providing for outdoor recreation. We are striving to maximize the 
benefits which accrue from the efforts and money which we expend. To that end we have 
initiated a number of private projects in cooperation with other agencies in the private 
sector. We are most proud of our accomplishments in this area and list some of the more 
significant of these during the reporting period; 

1. The creation and management of the Blackfoot River Corridor. This corridor 
provides public access to the river through private lands, public lands and quasi- 
public lands \\diich otherwise would not have been available. This was accom- 
plished throi^ the cooperative efforts of Missoula County, Champion International 
Corporation, private landowners, The Nature Conservancy, Bureau of Outdoor 
Recreation, Department of Fish and Game and other state agencies. This 

effort is unique in the nation' and has substantially demonstrated that it is a 
workable alternative to the creation of wild and scenic rivers. It is thus far 
successful in meeting its goals and is receiving national attention. 

2. The Heritage Park addition to Giant Springs State Park. A private fund drive 
in Great Falls provided the local share of acquisition money which was matched 
with Federal Land and Water Conservation Fimds. Local funds are also pro- 
viding for clean-up and limited development of the area. The local committee 
is actively participating with us in the planning for the park addition. 

3. The donation by Champion International Corporation of recreation tracts at 
Salmon and Placid Lakes. When complete the project will include the installation 
of recreational facilities using Land and Water Conservation Funds in match 
with the donated value of the land. The facilities will be provided at no cost to 
the State of Montana. An environmental impact statement and management plan 
is being prepared. 

4. Through the cooperative efforts of the department and the Flathead County Park 
Board, a very successful pilot winter recreation program was conducted at Foy 
Lake near Kalispell last season. It will be continued again this year and we will 
be cautiously looking for other cooperative programs which could provide similar 
facilities in other areas. 

5. The recreation facilities at the newly created South Sandstone Reservoir were 
completed. This entire project including the reservoir itself resulted from efforts 
of private individuals, the local irrigation district, the SCS, Fallon County and 
the department. The area is getting heavy recreational use and has been enthu- 
siastically received. 

6. The major construction work at Missouri Headwaters State Park has been 
completed. This project is a result of local sponsorship which enabled the 
department to install improvements at the state's bicentennial site. The local 


sponsor was the Headwaters Improvement Subcommittee of the Gallatin Coimty 
Bicentennial Committee. The committee actively participated in the planning 
and design of the project. 

A lawsuit brought against the department by Link Brothers, concessionaires, in 
June, 1976, has not been resolved. At issue is the operation of the tram and miniature 
railroad at Lewis and Clark Caverns State Park. The suit is expected to go to jury 
trial in the fall of 1977. 

Recommendations for Program Improvement — The improved enforcement of public 
use regulations at state park system sites has been identified by a survey of recreationists 
and by department administrative personnel to be the top priority problem to be addressed. 
Expressions from members of the 1977 legislature are evidence of their concern as well. 
The department is implementing measures to address that problem. These measures 
include : 

1. Providing funding other than earned revenue license monies for the 
enforcement of park regulations, and 

2. Providing an activity decision package within the park program which 
specifically addresses program enforcement efforts. 

Early experimentation with the priority budget system indicates that it should be 
streamlined and simplified if it is going to be an effective management tool. 

Experience has shown that the park system should be looking for alternative sources 
of funding. Our goal is to shift to park users an equitable share of the financial support 
for the program. While there is justification for continuing to support the program from 
general tax revenues in part, an equitable balance must be sought. Preliminary studies 
have been undertaken and will be continued in an effort to find workable alternatives. 

Fiscal Year 1976-1977 Publications 

During the period July 1, 1976, through June 30, 1977, the Parks Division completed 
the following publications: 

Montana Department of Fish and Game, Recreation and Parks Division. Montana 
Recreation Guide . June 30, 1977. 

. Blackfoot River Guide. June 30, 1977. 

. Plenty Coups State Monument . June 1, 1977. 

. _. Land and Water Conservation Fund . June 15, 1977. 


Handbook; Land and Water Conservation Fund. January, 1977 


Montana Department of Fish and Game Funding Summary . 

January 21, 1977. 

Canyon Ferry Management and Development plan and Environmental 

Impact Statement. May 25, 1977. 56 pp. 

Management Plan: Beartooth State Recreation Area. January 

3, 1977. 19 pp. 

Ron Aasheim. "The Land and Water Conservation Fund." Montana Outdoors 
Jan/Feb 1977. pp. 19-21 

G. Wesley Burnett. "Recreation and the Aged and Physically Handicapped; Toward a 
Positive Research Methodology. " Planning Notes , Federal Bureau of Outdoor 
Recreation, Mid-Continent Regional Office, Denver, Colorado. February, 1977. 

David G. Conklin. "State Survey of Motor Fuel Tax Allocations for Recreation. " 
Planning Notes , Federal Bureau of Outdoor Recreation, Mid-Continent Regional 
Office, Denver, Colorado. February, 1977. 

Exibigraphics Group . Visitor Communication Plan, Lewis and Clark Caverns State 
Park. Salt Lake City, Utah. February 15, 1977. 48 pp.