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Statistics Canada 

1996 Census Divisions and Census 
Subdivisions Reference Maps: Individual 
Maps 

Reference Guide 



Published by authority of the Minister 
responsible for Statistics Canada 

©Minister of Industry, 1997 

All rights reserved. No part of this product may be 
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any 
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, 
recording or otherwise without prior written permission from 
Licence Services, Marketing Division, Statistics Canada, 
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0T6. 

April 1997 



Reference Guide for Catalogue 92F0089XPB 



Ottawa 



Note of appreciation 

Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long- 
standing co-operation involving Statistics Canada, the citizens 
of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. 
Accurate and timely statistical information could not be 
produced without their continued co-operation and goodwill. 



What's New in the 1996 Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Maps 

• The 21 census divisions and census subdivisions reference maps are available individually and 
in the publication, Standard Geographical Classification, Volume II. ( In 1991, the census 
divisions and census subdivisions reference maps were available in two publications: 
Standard Geographical Classification 1991, Volume II and Census Divisions and Census 
Subdivisions Reference Maps.) 

• Subprovincial regions are now referred to as economic regions. 

• The reference map series is introduced by four general maps - Index map, Census Divisions 
map, Economic Regions and Census Divisions map, and Census Metropolitan Areas and 
Census Agglomerations map. 

• Enhanced product - the reference map base provides a more appropriate level of physical 
feature detail. 

• Improved text placement facilitates text legibility. 

• All census boundaries are derived from the Enumeration Area Digital Boundary File, resulting 
in improved accuracy. 



Table of Contents 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

1. About this Guide 1 

2. Overview -2 

2.1. Introduction 2 

2.2. Purpose of the Product 2 

3. About this Product •? 

3.1. Content 3 

3.2. General Methodology 3 

3.3. Reference Date 3 

3.4. Comparison to 1991 Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Maps 4 

3.5. Limitations 4 

3.6. Recommended Applications 4 

4. Data Quality. • 5 

4.1. Lineage • 5 

4.1.1. Source Materials 5 

4.1.2. Method of Derivation 5 

4.2. Positional Accuracy 6 

4.3. Attribute Accuracy 7 

4.4. Logical Consistency ? 

4.4.1. Internal Consistency 8 

4.4.2. Consistency with Other Products 8 

4.5. Completeness 8 

5. Glossary of Terms 9 

Appendix A. Hierarchy of National, Metropolitan and Postal Code Geographic Units, 1996. 12 

Appendix B. Geographic Units by Province and Territory, 1996 (as of November 1996) 13 

Appendix C Census Subdivision Types by Province and Territory, 1996 14 

References. 15 

Geography Products and Services. 16 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



About this Guide 



1. About this Guide 

This reference guide was prepared to accompany individual province and territory maps from the 1996 Census 
Divisions and Census Subdivisions (CDs/CSDs) Reference Maps series. The entire series of maps is also available in a 
single publication, entitled the Standard Geographical Classification, Volume II (Catalogue No. 12-572-XPB). The 
publication includes an index map, three national level maps and 21 maps covering the provinces and territories. The 
index map shows the area covered by each map. The national maps depict census divisions, census divisions and 
economic regions, and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations. The 21 individual provincial and 
territorial maps depict census subdivisions, census divisions, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations. 

This reference guide describes the map content, the general methodology used to create the maps and provides 
information about data quality. 

Geographic terms and concepts highlighted in bold in the text are briefly defined in the Glossary of Terms, section 5. 
More details can be found in the 1996 Census Dictionary, Catalogue No. 92-35 1-XPE. Supplementary information is 
provided in the appendices and a list of related products and services is also included. 

This reference guide is based on the best information available at the time of its release. It in no way constitutes a 
warranty of the data in the event that users may observe characteristics that deviate from those stated in this document. 
. All efforts have been made to ensure that the verification of this product has been thoroughly done, however, there is no 
guarantee that the data are 100% accurate. For further information see Section 4, Data Quality. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



Overview 



Overview 



2.1. Introduction 

Census data are disseminated for a wide range of geographic areas ranging from the national level down to the highly 
detailed enumeration areas level. Appendix A shows the hierarchy of geographic areas and indicates whether they are 
administrative or statistical. The administrative hierarchy includes census subdivisions, census divisions and 
provinces and territories. Statistics Canada established the Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) to organise 
those three types of geographic areas using a hierarchy of geographic codes. Reference maps depict the boundaries of 
these geographic areas and help users put census data in a spatial context. 

The Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Map Series has been packaged for sale as a publication 
entitled Standard Geographical Classification. Volume II (Catalogue No. 12-572-XPB). Individual maps from this 
series are also available (Catalogue No. 92F0089XPB). 

The Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Map Series presents census divisions (CDs) and census 
subdivisions (CSDs) for all provinces and territories and also displays census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and census 
agglomerations (CAs). The SGC publication includes an Index Map, a Census Divisions Map, an Economic Regions 
Map and a Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations Map. 

In the 10 provinces and two territories that make up Canada, there are 288 CDs and 5,984 CSDs defined for the 1996 
Census (see Appendix B). All 25 CMAs and 112 CAs are depicted as well as the 74 economic regions (ERs). All 
maps are presented by province or territory or by provincial part. 

2.2. Purpose of the Product 

The Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Maps series is published to provide a high level spatial 
reference for the census data, enabling users to locate boundaries and relate census data to actual physical locations. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1 996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



About this Product 



About this Product 



3.1. Content 

The maps in this series include a set of four overview maps of Canada, at a scale which permits Canada to fit on a 
single sheet, and 21 larger scale maps by province and territory. The first overview map is an index map, that shows 
the areas covered by each provincial map. It may be used as a quick reference to determine the correct map number(s) 
for the area(s) of interest. The second overview map, illustrating the country's 288 census divisions (CDs), presents a 
numerical and alphabetical list of the CDs by province or territory. The third overview map shows the CD and 
economic region (ER) boundaries and codes within each province and territory. This is accompanied by a legend which 
lists the ER names in ER code order within which are listed (numerically) their component CD codes and names. The 
fourth overview map shows the location (as dots) of the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and census agglomerations 
(CAs) of Canada. This map is designed to give a general idea of where CMAs and CAs are situated within a province 
or territory, with large dots designating CMAs and small dots designating CAs. 

The 21 maps for the provinces and territories, show CD and census subdivision (CSD) boundaries, names, and 
Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) codes. These maps include, where applicable, the boundaries and codes 
for CMAs and CAs, a list of the appropriate CD and CMA/CA names and codes (in numerical and alphabetical order). 

The maps in this series are designed to permit users to identify the general location and boundaries of geographic areas. 
They are not intended to serve as detailed legal or cadastral representations of the geographical areas shown. 

3.2. General Methodology 

The Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Maps were generated from digital geographic files using 
ARC/INFO® Version 7.04, geographic information systems (GIS) software, produced by Environmental Systems 
Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI). The base map information (shorelines, rivers, lakes, U.S.A. political boundaries, roads 
and railroads) was taken from ESRI's 1993 ARC/INFO® version of the Digital Chart of the World (DCW) for all 
maps except for the Canada level maps and the map of the Northwest Territories. For the map of the Northwest 
Territories and the Canada level maps, the digital base map information was obtained from Natural Resources 
Canada's National Atlas Information Service (NAIS). The boundary information was derived from a preliminary 
version of the 1996 Enumeration Area Digital Boundary File and the attribute information came from the Geography 
Attribute Data Base (GADB). For further details about the methodology used to produce the maps, refer to Section 4 
on Data Quality. 

3.3. Reference Date 

Geographic area boundaries and attributes (names, types) are subject to change from one census to the next. Changes 
are a result of merging or annexation of CSDs, changes in name or status, or redrawing of CSD boundaries. Since the 
geographic framework is used for purposes of census data collection, the geographic reference date must be set several 
months before the census date so mat all changes may be incorporated on time. The geographic reference date for the 
1996 Census is January 1, 1996. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1 996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



Overview 



3.4. Comparison to 1991 Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions Reference Maps 

While the look of the maps in this series closely resembles that of the 1991 series, an enhanced production process has 
improved the appearance and accuracy of the maps. Geographic area labelling was semi-automated, resulting in 
improved text placement and fewer errors. In 1991, boundary changes were made by updating the 1986 artwork, 
whereas for 1996, the boundaries were derived from the Digital Boundary File (DBF), resulting in improved accuracy. 
The Digital Chart of the World (DCW) was used for base map information, providing a more appropriate level of detail 
than the 1991 base that had a very dense hydrographic layer. Neatlines and geographic grids were standardised for the 
1996 product, improving consistency over those of 1991 . 

3.5. Limitations 

The maps should not be used for digitizing purposes nor to determine the precise location of boundaries. They are not 
intended to serve as a detailed legal or cadastral representation of the geographic areas. 

3.6. Recommended Applications 

The maps are designed to enable users to identify the relative location and boundaries of the geographic areas reported 
in 1996 Census data publications and to visualise the relationships of the geographic areas shown in the geographic 
hierarchy. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



Data Quality 



4. Data Quality 

The purpose of this data quality statement is to provide detailed information so that users may evaluate the suitability of 
the data for their use. Five fundamental components of a data quality statement are: lineage, positional accuracy, 
attribute accuracy, logical consistency and completeness. (See Statistics Canada, 1992.) 

4.1. Lineage 

Lineage includes descriptions of the source material from which the data were derived and the methods of derivation, 
including the dates of the source material and all transformations involved in producing the final digital files or map 
products. 

4.1.1. Source Materials 

Census division (CD) and census subdivision (CSD) names, codes and boundaries are those that were in effect on 
January 1, 1996 (the geographic reference date of the 1996 Census). Where notification from provincial or territorial 
authorities was not received or was received after March 1, 1996, the name, type and/or limits of CDs/CSDs may not 
correspond with those recognised by provincial or territorial authorities. 

Except for the Canada level (general) maps and the map of the Northwest Territories, the base map information 
(coastline, rivers, lakes, USA political boundaries, roads and railroads) was taken from Environmental Systems 
Research Institute's 1993 ARC/INFO® version of the Digital Chart of the World (DCW). For the map of the 
Northwest Territories and the Canada level (general) maps, the digital base map information was obtained from Natural 
Resources Canada's National Atlas Information Service (NAIS), at the 1:2 million and 1:7.5 million scales, 
respectively. The map projection for all the maps is Lambert Conformal Conic. While the standard parallels are 49°N 
and 77°N for all maps, the central meridian is unique to each map to reflect its central longitude. The latitude/longitude 
graticule was generated using ARC/INFO® Version 7.04 software. 

The linkage of CSDs, CDs, economic regions (ERs) and census metropolitan areas (CMAs)/census agglomerations 
(CAs) is found on the July, 1996 Geographic Attribute Data Base (GADB). This database contains attribute 
information for all standard geographical areas including the relationships of linkages among these areas. 

4.1.2. Method of Derivation 

Initially, pre-census geographic areas boundaries were overlaid on the DCW base (except for the Northwest Territories 
where the NAIS base was used) using a semi-automated mapping system developed in ARC/INFO® Version 7.04. 
These boundaries were created by aggregating the pre-census version of the 1996 Enumeration Area Digital Boundary 
File. Interactive editing was performed to maximise placement of CSD names and codes, and CMA/CA and CD codes. 

To improve the alignment of the digital boundaries and the base map features, the DCW data were adjusted using the 
editing functionality (ARCEDIT) of ARC/INFO® Version 7.04. Interactive editing of river, lake and land feature 
names was done to improve map readability and attribute accuracy. 

When post-census boundaries became available, the pre-census boundaries were replaced, as were the pre-census 
CMA/CA and CD codes. Post-census CSD name, type and code updates were made interactively. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



Data Quality 

The Canada level (general) maps were produced using the mapping functionality (ARCPLOT) of ARC/INFO® Version 
7.04. Post-census boundaries, aggregated from the 1996 Enumeration Area Digital Boundary File, were overlaid on the 
NAIS base. Interactive editing was performed to enhance placement of geographic area names and codes. 

4.2. Positional Accuracy 

Positional accuracy is the difference between the "true" position of a feature in the real world and the "estimated" 
position stored in the digital file or other product. 

Since the geographic area boundaries depicted on these maps are created by aggregating enumeration area (EA) 
polygons, they reflect the same accuracy as the July 1996 Enumeration Area Digital Boundary File. 

The geographic area boundaries do not align precisely with the DCW base. The Census Divisions and Census 
Subdivisions Reference Maps are produced at a variety of scales and, in general, the discrepancies are more noticeable 
on the larger scale maps. Discrepancies are caused most likely by differences in. the methods used for data compilation, 
which include, for example, the scale at which data were captured and the different sources used in data capture. 
Efforts were made to correct the most significant discrepancies by making adjustments to the DCW base. The 
geographic area boundaries were not adjusted. Two methods were used to adjust the DCW base. One methodology 
was to shift all the feature layers (drainage, political, road and railroad) of the DCW for an entire map, using the 
projection transformation functionality of ARC/INFO® Version 7.04. The other methodology was to make localised 
adjustments to one or more layers of the DCW using the feature editing functionality (ARCEDrT) of ARC/INFO® 
Version 7.04. 

The most noticeable differences occur in Newfoundland. Although both a projection transformation and localized 
adjustments were made for the map of Newfoundland, there remain a number of discrepancies between the geographic 
area boundaries and the DCW base. For the map of the Northwest Territories and the Census Divisions and Economic 
Regions maps, minor adjustments were made to the NAIS base to improve alignment with the digital boundaries. 

The map showing the location of the CMAs/CAs across Canada was produced using point symbols which were 
interactively positioned to portray the urban centres' proximity to major hydrographic features and the Trans-Canada 
Highway. 

A number of boundary revisions were made after these maps went to press. The following is a list of CSDs for which 
the changes are greater than one square kilometre. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



Data Quality 



SGC Code 


CSD Name, Type 


Area difference 


6106097 


Fort Smith, Unorganized, UNO 


lost 92.00 km 2 


6106016 


Hay River, T 


gained 75.90 km 2 


6106003 


Enterprise, SET 


gained 16.5 km 2 


1213001 


St. Mary's, MD 


gained 45.18 km 2 


1213004 


Guysborough, MD 


lost 45.18 km 2 


2469802 


Akwesasne (partie), R 


lost 29.95 km 2 


2469075 


Dundee, CT 


gained 29.95 km 2 


3560090 


Kenora, Unorganized, UNO 


gained 13.20 km 2 


5955812 


Ingenika Point, S-E 


lost 9.76 km 2 


5955036 


Peace River, Subd. B, SRD 


gained 9.75 km 2 


1007028 


Division No. 7, Subd. F, SUN 


lost 7.28 km 2 


1007029 


Plate Cove East, COM 


gained 7.28 km 2 


3556092 


Cochrane, Unorganized, North Part, UNO 


lost 7.10 km 2 


3560050 


Fort Albany (Part) 67, R 


lost 5.18 km 2 


5955025 


Hudson's Hope, DM 


gained 3.00 km 2 


5955019 


Peace River, Subd. C, SRD 


lost 3.00 km 2 


5953801 


Fort George, R 


gained 2.45 km 2 


5953023 


Prince George, C 


lost 2.45 km 2 


4610043 


Cartier, RM 


lost 1.55 km 2 


5947018 


Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Subd. A, SRD 


gained 1.53 km 2 


5959806 


Fort Nelson 2, R 


lost 1.17 km 2 


5959009 


FortNelson-Liard, Subd. A, SRD 


gained 1.16 km 2 



4.3. Attribute Accuracy 

Attribute accuracy refers to the accuracy of the non-positional information attached to each feature such as feature 
name and code. 

CSD names, types and codes and CMA/CA and CD names and codes were generated from the July 1996 Geographic 
Attribute Data Base (GADB). Initial text placement of attribute information was automated; interactive editing was 
then performed to maximize placement of CSD names, types, codes, and CMA/CA and CD codes. Each province and 
territory approves the names of its CSDs. 

River, lake and land feature names were taken from the DCW. These were compared to the names used on the 1991 
maps, which were approved by the Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names (CPCGN). Where 
differences were found, the DCW names were changed to match names approved by the CPCGN. Since there were no 
accented characters in the DCW, accents were added where required. 

Names of geographical entities having "pan-Canadian" significance have also been established by the CPCGN (such as 
names of provinces, territories, major islands and major bodies of water), and are shown in both official languages. 

4.4. Logical Consistency 

Logical consistency is the degree to which features are accurately represented in the data structure and fulfil all the 
internal requirements of the data structure. In other words, how well elements of the data structure follow the rules 
imposed on them. For example, all polygons must close properly and lines should intersect only where intended. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



Data Quality 

4.4.1. Internal Consistency 

All CD/CSD and CMA/CA boundary polygons were verified for closure in a certification test of the July, 1996 
Enumeration Area Boundary File from which the CD/CSD and CMA/CA boundaries were aggregated. 

The geographic area boundaries do not align precisely with the base map features of the DCW and/or NAIS data (refer 
to the Positional Accuracy section for details). There may also be some instances where features on the DCW overlap 
one another. For example, where a road feature was adjusted to match a geographic area boundary, but an adjacent 
railroad feature was not adjusted, a slight overlap of the two features may result (only limited adjustments of the DCW 
were made to correct the most significant discrepancies). 

4.4.2. Consistency with Other Products 

Census reference maps show the location of the geographic areas for which census data are tabulated and disseminated. 
The main information depicted includes the boundaries, names and codes of census geographic areas, and major 
physical and cultural features such as roads, railroads, coastlines, rivers and lakes. 

A list of reference maps available for census geographic areas is presented in the section titled Geography Products and 
Services, in this reference guide. Please refer to this section to identify any further reference map requirements. 

4.5. Completeness 

Completeness expresses the degree to which the geographic entities (features) are captured according to the data 
capture specifications. It also contains information about selection criteria, definitions used and other relevant 
mapping rules. 

This series contains 288 CDs and 5,984 CSDs as well as all 25 CMAs and 1 12 CAs found on the July, 1996 GADB. 
All roads, railroads, rivers and coastlines and a subset of the political boundaries from the DCW are included. All 
DCW roads, railroads, rivers and coastline from the NAIS 1:2 million scale data set are included in the map of the 
Northwest Territories. Names of medium and large sized lakes and rivers and all names of "pan-Canadian" 
significance are included. 

The base map features selected for display on the Canada level maps include only the major rivers and lakes and the 
Trans-Canada Highway. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



Glossary of Terms 



5. Glossary of Terms 

Brief definitions of geographic terms and census concepts are presented here in summary form only. Users should refer 
to the 1996 Census Dictionary (Catalogue No. 92-35 1-XPE) for the full definitions and additional remarks related to 
these concepts and definitions. 

Census Agglomeration (CA) 

A census agglomeration (CA) is a large urban area (known as the urban core) together with adjacent urban and rural 
areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban 
core. A CA has an urban core population of at least 10,000, based on the previous census. However, if the population 
of the urban core of a CA declines below 10,000, the CA is retired. Once a CA attains an urban core population of at 
least 100,000, based on the previous census, it is eligible to become a CMA. CAs that have urban cores of at least 
50,000, based on the previous census, are subdivided into census tracts. Census tracts are maintained for CAs even if 
the population of the urban cores subsequently fall below 50,000. A CA may be consolidated with adjacent CAs if they 
are socially and economically integrated. This new grouping is called a consolidated CA and the component CAs are 
called primary census agglomerations (PCAs). 

Census Division (CD) 

Census division (CD) is the general term applied to areas established by provincial law which are intermediate 
geographic areas between the municipality (census subdivision) and the province level. Census divisions represent 
counties, regional districts, regional municipalities and other types of provincially legislated areas. 

In Newfoundland, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, provincial law does not provide for these administrative 
geographic areas. Therefore, census divisions have been created by Statistics Canada in cooperation with these 
provinces for the dissemination of statistical data. In the Yukon Territory, the census division is equivalent to the entire 
territory. 

Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) 

A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a very large urban area (known as the urban core) together with adjacent urban 
and rural areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the 
urban core. A CMA has an urban core population of at least 100,000, based on the previous census. Once an area 
becomes a CMA, it is retained as a CMA even if the population of its urban core declines below 100,000. All CMAs 
are subdivided into census tracts. A CMA may be consolidated with adjacent census agglomerations (CAs) if they 
are socially and economically integrated. This new grouping is known as a consolidated CMA and the component 
CMA and CA(s) are known as Hoe primary census metropolitan area (PCMA) and primary census agglomeration(s) 
[PCA(s)]. A CMA may not be consolidated with another CMA. 

Census Subdivision (CSD) 

Census subdivision is the general term applying to municipalities (as determined by provincial legislation) or their 
equivalent (for example, Indian reserves, Indian settlements and unorganized territories). 

Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



10 

Glossary of Terms 



In Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and British Columbia, the term also describes geographic areas that have been created 
by Statistics Canada in cooperation with the provinces as equivalents for municipalities for the dissemination of 
statistical data. 

Digital Boundary Files (DBFs) 

Digital boundary files (DBFs) are computer files that depict the official boundaries of standard census geographic 
areas. The boundaries sometimes extend beyond shorelines into water. 

Economic Region (ER) 

An economic region is a grouping of complete census divisions (with one exception in Ontario). Prince Edward Island 
and the two territories each consist of one economic region. Economic regions are used to analyse regional economic 
activity. 

Enumeration Area (EA) 

An enumeration area (EA) is the geographic area canvassed by one census representative. It is the smallest standard 
geographic area for which census data are reported. All the territory of Canada is covered by EAs. 

Geographic Code 

A geographic code is a unique number used to identify and access standard geographic areas for the purposes of data 
storage, retrieval and display. 

Geographic Reference Date 

The geographic reference date is a date determined by Statistics Canada for the purpose of finalizing the geographic 
framework for which census data will be collected, tabulated and reported. For the 1996 Census, the geographic 
reference date is January 1, 1996. 

Province/Territory 

Province and territory refer to the major political divisions of Canada. From a statistical point of view, they are a basic 
unit for which data are tabulated and cross-classified. The ten provinces combined with the two territories cover the 
complete country. 



Reference Map 

Census reference maps show the location of the geographic areas for which census data are tabulated and disseminated. 
The main information depicted includes the boundaries, names and codes of census geographic areas, and major 
physical and cultural features such as roads, railroads, coastlines, rivers and lakes. 

Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



11 

Glossary of Terms 



Standard Geographical Classification (SGQ 

The Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) is Statistics Canada's official classification of geographic areas in 
Canada. The SGC provides unique numeric identification (codes) for three types of geographic areas. These are 
provinces and territories, census divisions (CDs) and census subdivisions (CSDs). The three geographic areas are 
hierarchically related. 

Street Network Files (SNFs) 

The street network files (SNFs) are digital files representing the street network for most large urban centres in Canada. 
The files also contain other visible physical and cultural features (such as hydrography, railroads, pipelines) and 
attribute information (for example, street and hydrographic names, and address ranges for streets with assigned 
addresses). 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1 996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



12 



Appendices 



Appendix A. Hierarchy of National, Metropolitan and Postal Code Geographic Units, 1996 



CANADA 



PROV/TERR 

Province/Territory 



CAR 1 

Census 
Agricultural Region 



ER 2 

Economic 
Region 



FED 

Federal 
Electoral 
District 



CD 

Census Division 



Metropolitan Area 4 



Consolidated 
CMA/CA 



Primary 
CMA/CA 



CCS 

Census Consolidated 
Subdivision 



CSD 

Census Subdivision 



BPL* 

Designated Place 



Census 

Metropolitan 

Area/Census 

Agglomeration 

(CMA/CA) 



Non-metropolitan Area 



Urban Core 
Urban Fringe 
Rural Fringe 



I 



UA< 

Urban Area 



CTS 

Census Tract 



Postal Code' 

Forward 
Sortacion Area 



Rural Area 



EA 

Enumeration Area 



AdmiiustraltvfcxAreas 



Block-face 7 



Postal Code 8 

Local Delivery 
Unit 



Statistical Areas 



Census agricultural regions in Saskatchewan are made up of census consolidated subdivisions. 

Economic regions in Ontario are made up of municipalities (census subdivisions). 

Currently there are no designated places in Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories. 

Five CMAs/CAs cross provincial boundaries. 

All CMAs and only CAs with urban core population of 50,000 or more at the previous census have census tracts. 

Five UAs cross provincial boundaries. 

Only in areas covered by street network files (SNFs). 

The postal code is captured as provided by the respondent on all the questionnaires for 1996. Although shown and treated 

as part of the geography hierarchy, strictly speaking, it is not a geographic unit and, therefore, there is no exact relationship 

between postal codes and enumeration areas. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



13 



Appendices 



Appendix B. Geographic Units by Province and Territory, 1996 ( 


as of November 1996) 






Geographic unit 


CANADA. 
1991 1996 


NHd. 


PXJ 


: : ; : EN;s:f|': 


: WmM 


Que. 


:i:pni||; 


gSIanlg; 


ipa#! 


||iiuiS||;; 


B.C. 


Y.T. 


N.W.T. 


Federal electoral district 
(1987 RO*) 


295 


295 


7 


4 


11 


10 


75 


99 


14 


14 


26 


32 


l 


2 


Federal electoral district 
(1996 RO*) 


N/A 


301 


7 


4 


11 


10 


75 


103 


14 


14 


26 


34 


1 


2 


Economic region 


68 


74 


4 


1 


5 


5 


16 


11 


8 


6 


8 


8 


l 


1 


Census division 


290 


288 


10 


3 


18 


15 


99 


49 


23 


18 


19 


28 


l 


5 


Census division 


73 


73 


10 


- 


- 


- 


3 


- 


23 


18 


19 


- 


- 


- 


Communaute urbaine 


3 


3 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


County 


60 


60 


- 


3 


18 


15 


- 


24 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


District 


10 


10 


- 


- 


- 


- 


■ - 


10 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


District municipality 


1 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Metropolitan 
municipality 


1 


1 


- 


- 


. - 


— 


— 


1 


" 












Municipality regionale 
de comte 


93 


93 


- 


- 


— 


— 


93 


" 


" 












Region 


7 


6 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


5 


Regional district 


29 


27 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


27 


- 


- 


Regional municipality 


10 


10 


- 


- 


- 


- 


'- 


10 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


— 


United counties 


3 


3 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


— 


Territory 


N/A 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


l 


- 


Census consolidated 
subdivision 


2,630 


2,607 


87 


68 


52 


148 


1,143 


518 


128 


302 


73 


82 


l 


5 


Census subdivision 


6,006 


5,984 


381 


113 


110 


283 


1,599 


947 


298 


970 


467 


713 


35 


68 


Designated place 


N/A 


828 


77 


- 


59 


172 


- 


38 


52 


166 


252 


12 


- 


- 


Census agricultural region 


77 


78 


3 


- 


5 


4 


13 


5 


12 


20 


8 


8 


- 


- 


Census metropolitan area 


25 


25 


1 


- 


1 


1 


6 


12 


1 


2 


2 


2 


- 


- 


Census agglomeration 


115 


112 


4 


2 


4 


5 


22 


32 


3 


7 


9 


21 


1 


1 


Primary census 
metropolitan area 


12 


11 


1 


- 


- 


- 


3 


5 


— 


" 


2 


1 






Primary census 
agglomeration 


21 


22 


1 


- 


- 


— 


6 


11 


— 


" 


3 


1 






Census tract 


4,068 


4,223 


41 


- 


75 


69 


1,108 


1,799 


158 


99 


386 


488 


- 


- 


Urban area 


893 


929 


44 


7 


38 


21 


228 


265 


43 


63 


103 


97 


2 


6 


Enumeration area 


45,995 


49,361 


1,236 


267 


1,511 


1,393 


11,684 


16,469 


2,050 


2,844 


4,746 


6,880 


111 


170 


Street network file 
(number of CSDs) 


342 


344 


2 


- 


3 


16 


114 


113 


10 


5 


4 


77 


— 


— 


2 
Block-face 


763,626 


817,734 


5,068 


- 


9,707 


17,110 


187,563 


330,658 


35,024 


21,375 


79,954 


131,275 


- 


- 


3 
Forward sortation area 


1,368 


1,477 


32 


7 


58 


44 


383 


515 


63 


45 


137 


187 


3 


5 


Postal code 


652,826 


680,910 


7,073 


2,737 


18,864 


16,144 


175,885 


244,909 


22,821 


20,778 


64,530 


105,801 


864 


504 


Nnter Underlined 


numbers 


indicate 1 


that thos 


eCMAs 


. CAs. P 


CMAsa 


nd urbai 


i areas c 


rossing 


provinci. 


il bound 


aries are 


counte 


d in both 



provinces. 
* Representation Order 



1 For a list of census subdivision types, see Appendix C. 

2 Preliminary numbers. 

3 Counts derived from the December 1 99 1 and from the July 1 996 Postal Code Conversion File. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



14 



Appendices 



Appendix C. Census Subdivision Types by Province and Territory, 


L996 














Total 


Nfld. 


P.E.L | N.S. 


N.B. 


Que. 


Ont. 


Man. 


Sask. 


Alta. 


B.C. 


Y.T. 


N.W.T. 


Census subdivision type 


5,984 


381 


113 1 110 


283 


1,599 


947 


298 


970 


467 


713 


35 


68 


BOR Borough 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


C City - Cite 


145 


3 


2 


2 


7 


2 


51 


5 


13 


15 


43 


1 


1 


CC Chartered Community 


2 
























2 


CM County (Municipality) 


28 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


28 


- 


- 


- 


COM Community 


163 


130 


33 






















CT Canton (Municipality de) 


88 


- 


- 


- 


- 


88 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


CU Cantons unis (Municipalite de) 


8 


- 


- ■ 


- 


- 


8 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


DM District Municipality 


50 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


50 


- 


- 


HAM Hamlet 


36 






















2 


34 


ID Improvement District 


10 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


8 


- 


- 


- 


IGD Indian Government District 


2 


- 


- 


- • 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


LGD Local Government District 


21 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


21 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


LOT Township and Royalty 


67 


- 


67 






















M Municipalite 


557 


- 


- 


- 


- 


557 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


MD Municipal District 


49 


- 


- 


12 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


37 


- 


- 


- 


NH Northern Hamlet 


12 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


12 


- 


- 


- 


- 


NT Northern Town 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


NV Northern Village 


13 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


13 


- 


- 


- 


- 


P Paroisse (Municipalite de) 


344 


-. 


- 


- 


- 


344 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


PAR Parish 


152 


- 


- 


- 


152 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


R Indian Reserve - Reserve indienne 


996 


1 


4 


24 


19 


30 


140 


77 


120 


88 


487 


4 


2 


RC Rural Community 


1 


- 


- 


-. 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


RGM Regional Municipality 


1 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


RM Rural Municipality 


404 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


106 


298 


- 


- 


- 


- 


RV Resort Village 


42 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


42 


- 


- 


- 


- 


S-E Indian Settlement - Etablissement indien 


33 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5 


10 


4 


1 


4 


3 


6 


- 


SA Special Area 


3 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


- 


- 


- 


SCM Subdivision of County Municipality 


38 


- 


- 


38 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


SET Settlement 


31 






















13 


18 


SM Specialized Municipality 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


SRD Subdivision of Regional District 


71 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


71 


- 


- 


SUN Subdivision of Unorganized 


91 


91 
























SV Summer Village 


54 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


54 


- 


- 


- 


T Town 


685 


156 


7 


33 


28 


- 


147 


36 


145 


111 


14 


3 


5 


TI Terre inuite 


10 


- 


- 


- 


- 


10 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


TP Township 


468 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


468 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


TR Terres reservees 


9 


- 


- 


- 


- 


9 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


UNO Unorganized - Non organise 


152 


- 


- 


- 


- 


112 


20 


11 


2 


- 


- 


2 


5 


V Ville 


257 


- 


- 


- 


- 


257 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


VC Village cri 


8 


- 


- 


- 


- 


8 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


VK Village naskapi 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


VL Village 


863 


- 


- 


- 


76 


154 


108 


38 


322 


117 


43 


4 


1 


VN Village nordique 


14 


- 


- 


- 


- 


14 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



16 
Geography Products and Services 



Geography Products and Services 

This section provides brief descriptions of Geography products and services related to the 1996 Census. For additional 
details, contact the nearest Statistics Canada Regional Reference Centre. 

General Reference Products 

92F0085XCB GeoRef 

GeoRef is a powerful data retrieval and tabular output tool with software and data on a CD-ROM. GeoRef allows users 
to explore the links between all standard levels of geography and to determine geographic codes, names, and population 
and dwelling counts. In addition to the standard census areas, GeoRef provides EA correspondence data (for 1996 
Census EAs and 1991 EAs) and an EA reference map listing that facilitates identification of appropriate EA reference 
maps. 

Reference Maps 

Reference maps identify census geographic areas and assist users in locating boundaries, allowing them to relate census 
data to actual physical locations. Over 7,500 reference maps are available for geographic areas that range in size from 
enumeration areas ( the census collection unit) to federal electoral districts (Members of Parliament's ridings), from 
census tracts (neighbourhoods ) to census agglomerations and census metropolitan areas (large urban centres), and from 
census subdivisions (municipalities) to census divisions (counties). Reference maps are available individually or as 
sets. 

92F0087XPB Federal Electoral Districts/Enumeration Areas (FED/EA) Reference Maps (1987 Representation 
Order) 

These reference maps show 1996 Census enumeration areas by federal electoral district. The federal electoral district 
boundaries are based on the 1987 Representation Order which was in effect on Census Day (May 14, 1996). These 
FED/EA maps are designed for the general reference of EA boundaries. For more specific identification of enumeration 
areas, users should refer to the more detailed EA Reference Maps for Large Urban (92F0090XPB), Small Urban 
(92F0088XPB) and Rural (92F0091XPB) areas. The FED/EA maps are reproduced on demand. 

92F0090XPB Large Urban Enumeration Areas (EA) Reference Maps 

These black and white EA reference maps cover all 25 census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and the 18 census 
agglomerations (CAs) that are in the Census Tract Programme. Approximately 4,200 maps - generally one map per 
census tract - show enumeration area (EA) boundaries and codes on a background of detailed street networks and other 
visible features. Also shown on the maps are census tract, census subdivision, federal electoral district and CMA or 
CA boundaries. These maps are reproduced on demand. Package prices are available when all Large Urban 
(92F0090XPB), Small Urban (92F0088XPB) and Rural (92F0089XPB) EA Reference Maps for Canada or Provinces 
and Territories are purchased together. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1 996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



15 

References 



References 

Statistics Canada, [1992] 

Policy Manual, Policy on Informing Users of Data Quality and Methodology, Statistics Canada, April 7, 1992. 

Statistics Canada, [1997] 

1996 Census Dictionary . Ottawa: Industry Canada, 1997. 1996 Census of Canada. Catalogue No. 92-351- 
XPE 

Statistics Canada, [1997] 

Standard Geographical Classification. Volume II . Ottawa: Industry Canada, 1997. Catalogue No. 12-572- 
XPB 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1 996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



17 

Geography Products and Services 



92F0088XPB Small Urban Enumeration Areas (EA) Reference Maps 

Approximately 870 reference maps cover smaller urban municipalities (census subdivisions) not in the Census Tract 
Programme. The maps depict enumeration area (EA) boundaries and codes. Federal electoral districts are also shown 
on these maps. The size and scale of the maps vary, depending on the area covered. These maps are reproduced on 
demand. Package prices are available when all Large Urban (92F0090XPB), Small Urban (92F0088XPB) and Rural 
(92F0089XPB) EA Reference Maps for Canada or Provinces and Territories are purchased together. 

92F0091XPB Rural Enumeration Areas (EA) Reference Maps 

Approximately 2,400 maps depict enumeration area boundaries and codes in rural areas of Canada. Also shown are 
boundaries for census subdivisions, census divisions, federal electoral districts, census metropolitan areas and tracted 
census agglomerations. The maps, based on Natural Resources Canada's national topographic series, are at a scale of 
1:50,000 or 1:250,000 for the 10 provinces and at a scale of 1:1,000,000 for Yukon Territory and 1:4,000,000 for 
Northwest Territories. These maps are reproduced on demand. Package prices are available when all Large Urban 
(92F0090XPB), Small Urban (92F0088XPB) and Rural (92F0089XPB) EA Reference Maps for Canada or Provinces 
and Territories are purchased together. 

92F0089XPB Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions (CD/CSD) Reference Maps: Individual Maps 

A total of 21 provincial maps showing the boundaries, names and codes for census divisions (areas such as counties and 
regional districts) and census subdivisions (such as cities, municipalities, towns, villages, other local municipal entities, 
townships and Indian reserves) are available for sale individually. The maps also show the boundaries for census 
metropolitan areas and census agglomerations. Each province is covered by one to four maps, with scales ranging from 
1:375,000 to 1:6,000,000. The maps have the same general look as in 1991, although they have been produced using 
computer-assisted technology from digital geographic databases. The reference information, including water bodies, 
major roads and railroads, comes from the Digital Chart of the World (DCW). 

Note: The entire set of provincial maps are available in the publication, Standard Geographical Classification. Volume 
II (Catalogue No. 12-572-XPB). Also included in the publication are three maps of Canada at 1:10,000,000 scale, one 
showing census divisions, one showing economic regions, and one showing point locations of census metropolitan areas 
and census agglomerations, 

92-354-XPB Census Metropolitan Areas, Census Agglomerations and Census Tracts (CMA/CA/CT) 
Reference Maps 

This publication includes reference maps of all census metropolitan areas (55 maps covering 25 CMAs) and census 
agglomerations with census tracts (29 maps covering 18 CAs). The maps show boundaries and names of the census 
tracts, census subdivisions, primary census metropolitan areas and primary census agglomerations which make up the 
CMAs/CAs, as well as the urban core, urban fringe and rural fringe. Also shown are rivers, lakes, railroad tracks, 
provincial boundaries and other significant features. The map scales range from 1:25,000 to 1:2,000,000. The 
publication also includes a Canada map (1:10,000,000 scale) showing point locations of census metropolitan areas and 
census agglomerations in 1996. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



18 

Geography Products and Services 



92F0092XPB Census Metropolitan Areas, Census Agglomerations and Census Tracts (CMA/CA/CT) 
Reference Maps - Individual Maps 

Individual reference maps for census metropolitan areas (55 maps covering 25 CMAs) and census agglomerations with 
census tracts (29 maps covering 18 CAs) are available. The maps show boundaries and names of the census tracts, 
census subdivisions, primary census metropolitan areas and primary census agglomerations which make up the 
CMAs/CAs, as well as the urban core, urban fringe and rural fringe. Also shown are rivers, lakes, railroad tracks, 
provincial boundaries and other significant features. The map scales range from 1:25,000 to 1:2,000,000. 

Note: The entire set of maps is available in the publication Census Metropolitan Areas, Census Agglomerations and 
Census Tracts Reference Maps (Catalogue No. 92-354-XPB). 

Population and Dwelling Counts 

Population and dwelling counts from the 1996 Census are available in a variety of formats and geographic breakdowns. 
In addition to the publication and CD-ROM described below, population and dwelling counts are available in GeoRef 
(92F0085XCB) and the Block-face Data File (92F0026XDB). 

93-357-XPB A National Overview. Population and Dwelling Counts 

This publication provides population and dwelling counts established by the 1996 Census of Canada. The levels of 
geography covered are: provinces and territories, federal electoral districts (1987 Representation Order), census 
divisions, census subdivisions, designated places, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, urban and rural 
areas. The geographic boundaries of these areas are those that were in force on January 1, 1996 (geographic reference 
date for the 1996 Census of Canada). The publication also includes population and dwelling counts for forward 
sortation areas (first three characters of the postal code) as reported by census respondents on Census Day (May 14, 
1996). 

92F0086XCB Postal Code Counts 

Postal Codes Counts is a new product for 1996 that contains population and dwelling counts for all six-character postal 
codes reported by respondents. The population and dwelling counts are provided by individual postal code, by forward 
sortation area (FSA - first three characters of the six-character postal code) and by province or territory. The data are 
provided with Windows™-based software that enables users to perform simple data manipulations such as searching 
the data set for specific postal codes, importing groups of postal codes for which counts are required and exporting 
groupings of postal codes. Documentation and reference material are contained in electronic form on the CD-ROM. 

Digital Boundary Files and Digital Cartographic Files 

Digital Boundary Files (DBFs) portray the official boundaries used for 1996 Census collection and, therefore, often 
extend as straight lines into bodies of water. In Digital Cartographic Files (DCFs), these boundaries were modified to 
follow the coastlines and shorelines on the perimeter of Canada's land mass, including major islands. The DCFs also 
include a separate map layer showing lakes and some rivers and estuaries. This "water" layer can be used for 
additional reference purposes when mapping or displaying the boundaries. DCFs provide a framework for thematic 
mapping and geographic analysis that are possible using commercially available geographic information systems (GIS) 
or other mapping software. DBFs may not be suitable for mapping or display where realistic shoreline is required. The 
DCFs are available by standard packages and prices; DBFs are available on request for the same price. 

Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 

1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide 



19 

Geography Products and Services 



92F0029XDE Provinces and Territories Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

The Provinces and Territories Digital Boundary File (DBF) and Digital Cartographic File (DCF) are two of a series of 
products that depict boundaries of standard geography levels. The boundaries of the provinces and territories were 
generalised to meet the requirements of most desk-top mapping packages. Consequently, this product is not consistent 
with others in the series. The Provinces and Territories DCF is available as a standard package for Canada. 

92F0030XDE Federal Electoral Districts (1987 Representation Order) Digital Boundary File/Digital 
Cartographic File 

The Federal Electoral Districts (1987 Representation Order) Digital Boundary File and Digital Cartographic File were 
created by aggregating the component EA boundaries from the 1996 Census. They may differ slightly from the Digital 
Boundary File based on 1991 enumeration areas (92F0070XDB). The Federal Electoral Districts Digital Cartographic 
File is a new product and is available in two versions. The boundaries of the first version are consistent with all other 
levels of standard geography. A more generalised version is also available for small scale mapping of the country as a 
whole. The two versions of the FED DCF are available as a standard package for Canada. 

92F0031XDE Federal Electoral Districts (1996 Representation Order) Digital Cartographic File 

The Federal Electoral Districts (1996 Representation Order) Digital Cartographic File depicts the boundaries of the 
Federal Electoral Districts (FEDs) according to the 1996 Representation Order. Since this is not a standard level of 
geography for the 1996 Census, the cartographic file was created with a different methodology and, therefore, is not 
entirely consistent with other files in the series. Users should be aware that the FED boundaries used for the taking of 
the 1996 Census were based on the 1987 Representation Order. The 1996 Representation Order was proclaimed on 
January 8, 1996 and is in force on the first dissolution of Parliament that occurs at least one year after its proclamation. 
The Federal Electoral Districts (1996 Representation Order) DCF is available as a standard package for Canada. 

92F0032XDE Census Divisions Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

The Census Divisions Digital Boundary File (DBF) and Digital Cartographic File (DCF) are two of a series of products 
that depict boundaries of standard geography levels. The Census Divisions DCF is available in two versions. The 
boundaries of the first version are consistent with all other levels of standard geography. A more generalised version is 
also available for small scale mapping of the country as a whole. The two versions of the Census Divisions DCFs are 
available as a standard package for Canada. 

92F0033XDE Census Consolidated Subdivisions Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

The Census Consolidated Subdivisions Digital Boundary (DBF) and Digital Cartographic File (DCF) are two of a 
series of products that depict boundaries of standard geography levels. Census Consolidated Subdivisions DCFs are 
available as standard packages for Canada and the provinces and territories. 

92F0034XDE Census Subdivisions Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

The Census Subdivisions Digital Boundary File (DBF) and Digital Cartographic File (DCF) are two of a series of 
products that depict boundaries of standard geography levels. The Census Subdivisions DCF is available as a standard 
package for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and census agglomerations (CAs) 
with census tracts. 



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92F0035XDE Census Metropolitan Areas/Census Agglomerations Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic 
File 

The 1996 Census Metropolitan Areas/Census Agglomerations Digital Boundary File (DBF) and Digital Cartographic 
File (DCF) are two of a series of products that depict boundaries of standard geography levels. The Census 
Metropolitan Areas/Census Agglomerations DCF is available as a standard package for Canada. 

92F0036XDE Census Tracts Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

Users of the 1991 Census Tracts Digital Cartographic File will notice a major difference between the 1991 and the 
1996 product. In 1991, all bodies of water were integrated with the boundaries on a single map layer. The 1996 
boundaries follow the coastlines and shorelines on the perimeter of Canada's land mass, including major islands. Users 
can see the remaining shorelines (in-land bodies of water) by overlaying the separate "water" layer. The 1996 Census 
Tracts DCFs are consistent with all other levels of standard geography. This was not case in 1991 . The Census Tracts 
DCFs are available as standard packages for Canada, the provinces, census metropolitan areas and census 
agglomerations with census tracts. 

92F0037XDE Urban Areas Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

The Urban Areas Digital Boundary File (DBF) and Digital Cartographic File (DCF) are two of a series of products that 
depict boundaries of standard geography levels. The Urban Areas DCF is available as a standard package for Canada. 

92F0038XDE Designated Places Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

The Designated Places Digital Boundary File (DBF) and Digital Cartographic File (DCF) are two of a series of 
products that depict boundaries of standard geography levels. Designated places are a new standard geography level 
for 1996. The Designated Places DCF is available as a standard package for Canada. 

92F0039XDE 1996 Census Forward Sortation Areas Digital Cartographic File 

The 1996 Census Forward Sortation Areas (FSAs) Digital Cartographic File depicts FSA boundaries derived from 
postal codes captured from the 1996 Census questionnaires. By analysing the postal codes reported by census 
households, a single FSA was assigned to each enumeration area (most often the FSA reported by the largest number of 
census households). FSA polygons were formed by grouping enumeration areas. Therefore, the census-based FSA 
boundaries respect enumeration area boundaries. The 1996 Census Forward Sortation Areas DCF is available as a 
standard package for Canada. 

92F0040XDE Enumeration Areas (EA) Digital Boundary File/Digital Cartographic File 

The Enumeration Areas Digital Cartographic File (DCF) is available for the first time. In 1991, only the Digital 
Boundary File was available. The EA DCFs are available as standard packages for Canada, the provinces and 
territories and Census Metropolitan Areas (CMA) and some Census Agglomerations (CA). 

Digital Street Files 

Geography Division maintains a street network database of Canada's large urban centres on an ongoing basis. While 
this database represents less than 1 % of Canada's land area, it accounts for 62% of Canada's population. Several 

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products originate from this database including very detailed Street Network Files, less detailed Skeletal Street Network 
Files, and the Block-face Data File. 

92F0024XDE Street Network Files (SNF) 

The Street Network Files (SNFs) are digital files representing the street network for most large urban centres in 
Canada. The files also contain other visible physical and cultural features (such as hydrography, railroads, pipelines) 
and attribute information (for example, street and hydrographic names and address ranges for streets with assigned 
addresses). Streets and addresses are updated to reflect the information collected on Census Day - May 14, 1996. In 
combination with the user's appropriate software, the Street Network Files are useful for route planning, delivery 
services and mapping. The SNFs are available as standard packages for Canada, all provinces but Prince Edward 
Island, and for Census Metropolitan Areas (CMA) and some Census Agglomerations (CA). 

92F0025XDE Skeletal Street Network Files (SSNF) 

The Skeletal Street Network Files (SSNF) are "thinned-out" Street Network Files consisting of cartographic reference 
features such as major streets (with street names but no address ranges) and some railway features used to define the 
census tract boundaries. The SSNFs are available as standard packages for Canada, Census Metropolitan Areas 
(CMA) and some Census Agglomerations (CA). 

92F0026XDB Block-Face Data File (BFDF) 

The Block-Face Data File (BFDF) contains 1996 Census population and dwelling counts for block-faces in urban 
centres covered by the Street Network Files (92F0024XDE). A block-face is generally one side of a city street between 
two consecutive intersections; it is also the smallest geographical unit available from Statistics Canada. The BFDF also 
links the block-face to all other levels of standard geography (enumeration areas and above) through geographic codes. 
The file includes street names with address ranges as well as co-ordinates for a point representing the approximate 
centre of each block-face. The BFDFs are available as standard packages for Canada and for large urban centres; 

Postal Code Products 

The postal code products described below use postal codes that are obtained regularly from Canada Post Corporation. 
Two other products listed above, Postal Code Counts (92F0086XCB) and 1996 Census Forward Sortation Areas 
Digital Cartographic File (92F0039XDE), are based on postal codes provided by respondents on census questionnaires. 

92F0027XDB 1996 Postal Code Conversion File (PCCF) 

The Postal Code Conversion File (PCCF) provides a link between the six-character postal code and the standard 1996 
Census geographic areas (such as enumeration areas, municipalities, census tracts, etc.). It also provides the x,y co- 
ordinates for a point representing the approximate location of the postal code to support mapping. The PCCF is 
available as standard packages for Canada, the provinces and territories, and for large urban centres. 

92F0027UDB 1996 Postal Code Conversion File (PCCF) - Update 

The Postal Code Conversion File (PCCF) provides a link between the six-character postal code and the standard 1996 
Census geographic areas (such as enumeration areas, municipalities, census tracts, etc.). It also provides the x,y co- 
ordinates for a point representing the approximate location of the postal code to support mapping. The PCCF is 



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updated on a semi-annual basis. Updates released in July provide new postal codes as of January of the release year. 
Updates released in January provide new postal codes as of July of the previous year. Clients must purchase the Postal 
Code Conversion File (92F0027XDB) at the initial cost; then subsequent updated files may be purchased at the update 
rate. An additional discount on updates is given to PCCF update subscribers. The subscription will require that they 
pay in advance for at least one updated file per year until the new PCCF for the 2001 Census is released. The PCCF 
updates are available as standard packages for Canada and provinces and territories. 

92F0028XDB Postal Codes by Federal Ridings (1996 Representation Order) File 

The Postal Codes by Federal Ridings (1996 Representation Order) File (PCFRF) is a flat ASCII file which provides a 
link between the six character postal code and Canada's federal electoral districts (1996 Representation Order). A 
federal electoral district (FED) is any place or territorial area entitled to return a member of Parliament (MP) to serve in 
the House of Commons and is commonly referred to as a federal riding. The PCFRF is available as standard packages 
for Canada and for 5 regions - Atlantic Provinces, Quebec, Ontario, Prairie Provinces and Northwest Territories, and 
British Columbia and Yukon Territory. 

92F0028UDB Postal Codes by Federal Ridings (1996 Representation Order) File (PCFRF) - Update 

The Postal Codes by Federal Ridings (1996 Representation Order) File (PCFRF) is a flat ASCII file which provides a 
link between the six character postal code and Canada's federal electoral districts (1996 Representation Order). A 
federal electoral district (FED) is any place or territorial area entitled to return a member of Parliament (MP) to serve in 
the House of Commons and is commonly referred to as a federal riding. The PCFRF is updated on a semi-annual basis. 
Updates released in July provide new postal codes as of January of the release year. Updates released in January 
provide new postal codes as of July of the previous year. Clients must purchase the PCFRF (92F0028XDB) at the 
initial cost; then subsequent updated files may be purchased at the update rate. The PCFRF updates are available for 
Canada and for 5 regions - Atlantic Provinces, Quebec, Ontario, Prairie Provinces and Northwest Territories, and 
British Columbia and the Yukon Territory. 

Services 

97C0005 Geocoding Service 

The Geocoding service allows users to define their own geographic areas of study (user-defined areas or aggregations of 
standard census geographic areas) for census data tabulations. This custom geography is produced from an 
aggregation at the block-face level in large urban centres with Street Network File coverage, and at the enumeration 
level in small urban centres and rural areas. The user is thereby able to purchase census data for these custom areas. 
Cost estimates for this service will be provided based on the complexity of the request. 

97C0006 Geography Custom Services 

If the standard geography products do not satisfy a user's need, Geography Custom Services are available to produce 
non-standard geographic products by special request. Examples include alternative packaging of Digital Cartographic 
Files, special data retrievals, manipulations or merges using any of the geography computer files (postal codes, attribute 
files, boundary files and Street Network Files). Cost estimates for this service will be provided based on the nature and 
complexity of the request. 



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97C0007 Geography Custom Mapping 

Thematic maps and other custom maps may be produced as a special request. Cost estimates for this service will be 
provided based on the complexity of the request. 



Statistics Canada - Cat. No. 92F0089XPB 
1996 CD/CSD Reference Maps: Individual Maps - Reference Guide