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USDA 



United States Department of Agriculture 
National Agricultural Statistics Service 

Crop Weather Report 



.^ySii^<^. 




olm^- 



Issue: 09-02 

Issued: Weekly: Apr-Oct 
Monthly: Nov-Mar 

Weather Summary 



Montana Field Office ■ 10 W 15'" St, Suite 3100 ■ Helena, MT 59626 
(406) 441-1240 ■ (406) 441-1250 FAX ■ www.nass.usda.gov/mt 



Most of Montana received below normal moisture for the 
month ending February 28*. Swan Lake received the most 
monthly accumulated precipitation with 2.59 inches. 
Kalispell had a record snowfall of 6.5 inches on the 26"', 
breaking the previous record of 3.7 inches set in 1919. 
Temperatures during the month of February were mostly 
above normal. Highs ranged from 40s to 60s and lows 
ranged from negative teens to positive teens. Grass 
Range, Roundup, and Hardin shared the high temperature 
of 64 degrees, and Wisdom had the low temperature of 
minus 19 degrees. Topsoil moisture adequate and surplus, 
at 83 percent, is slightly above last month's 81 percent and 
much higher than last year's 34 percent. Subsoil moisture 
adequate and surplus is 62 percent, below last month's 67 
percent but above last year's 24 percent. 

The weather outlook for March 9"' through March 15"' is for 
below normal temperatures and below normal precipitation 
both east and west of the continental divide. Normal 
temperatures for this period in Montana are highs in the 
mid 30s to the mid 40s and lows ranging from zero degrees 
to the mid 20s. 



According to the NRCS, snowpack on February 1^' 
was 90 percent of average and 89 percent of last year 
west of the continental divide and 97 percent of 
average and 98 percent of 2007 east of the divide. 
Mountain snow water content statewide was 93 
percent of average and 91 percent of last year. Spring 
streamflow is forecasted to average 80 to 94 percent. 



Livestock Report 

Livestock birthing for both cattle and sheep are behind last 
year. Twenty-seven percent of pastures are closed for 
grazing compared to 16 percent last year and 36 percent 
last month. 



Range & Livestock Table 



This 
Month 



Last 
Month 



Last 
Year 



Livestock Birthing 

Calving Completed 

Lambing Completed 

Livestock Grazing 

Open 

Difficult 

Closed 

Livestock Receiving Supplemental Feed 

Cattle and Calves 94 

Sheep and Lambs 96 



20 


5 


26 


9 


2 


17 


28 


20 


62 


45 


44 


22 


27 


36 


16 



94 
95 



96 
96 



Winter Wheat Freeze and Drought Damage - Montana 



100 

90 

80 

70 

; 60 

) 50 

■ 40 

30 

20 

10 





3/4/2007 3/2/2008 3/1/2009 

n None ■ Light D Moderate & Heavy 



Released: Mar. 2, 2009 

For the Month Ending: 
Feb. 28, 2009 



Soil Moisture Table 


This 
Month 


Last 
Month 


Last 
Year 


Topsoil Moisture 








Very Short 


2 


3 


20 


Short 


15 


16 


46 


Adequate 


78 


77 


33 


Surplus 


5 


4 


1 


Subsoil Moisture 








Very Short 


14 


10 


33 


Short 


24 


23 


43 


Adequate 


60 


65 


23 


Surplus 


2 


2 


1 



Field Crops Report 

Little wheat has suffered from freeze, drought, or wind this 
winter. Snow cover declined slightly from last month with 39 
percent good to excellent compared to 44 percent the 
previous month. Winter wheat conditions declined since last 
month but are better than last year. Fifty-nine percent of 
winter wheat is good to excellent compared to 68 percent 
last month and 35 percent last year. 



Crop Condition Table 



This 
Month 



Last 
Month 



Last 
Year 



Winter Wheat 








Very Poor 


1 


1 


3 


Poor 


4 


3 


13 


Fair 


36 


28 


49 


Good 


55 


59 


32 


Excellent 


4 


9 


3 


Winter Wheat- 


Wind Damage 






None 


65 


69 


67 


Light 


27 


26 


25 


Moderate 


6 


4 


6 


Heavy 


2 


1 


2 


Winter Wheat- 


Freeze and Drought Damage 






None 


63 


56 


49 


Light 


30 


41 


35 


Moderate 


6 


3 


14 


Heavy 


1 





2 


Winter Wheat- 


Protectiveness of Snow Cover 




Very Poor 


7 


6 


68 


Poor 


24 


11 


14 


Fair 


30 


39 


13 


Good 


27 


24 


4 


Excellent 


12 


20 


1 



Winter Wheat Protectiveness of Snow Cover - IVIontana 



100 



70 
„ 60 
I 50 

0) 

Q- 40 

30 

20 

10 





— m^- 



3/4/2007 



3/2/2008 



3/1/2009 



I Very Poor & Poor ■ Fair D Good & Excellent 



This information is also available on the Internet at : http://www.nass.usda.gov/mt/ 
Completed and Summarized by: In conjunction with: MSU Extension Agents 

USDA, NASS, Montana Field Office USDA County Service Centers 



Weather Information for the 


month endi 


ng 02/28/2009 












Station 


Temperature 


Precipitation February 


Precipitation 


October 1 to date 


Hi 1 


Low 


Avg 1 


DFN 


Total 1 


DFN 1 % 


Nrm 


Total 1 


DFN 1 


% Nrm 


NORTHWEST 






















Alberton 


55 


13 


32 


+4 


1.31 


+0.54 


170 


9.84 


+5.06 


206 


Anaconda 


59 


8 


32 


+4 


0.26 


-0.20 


57 


5.43 


+2.09 


163 


Clinton 


49 


10 


31 


+7 


0.54 


-0.55 


50 


5.00 


-1.72 


74 


Corvallis 


59 


11 


34 


+3 


0.65 


+0.11 


120 


4.13 


+0.57 


116 


Creston 


46 


6 


28 


+2 


1.48 


+0.29 


124 


6.81 


-0.08 


99 


Deer Lodge 


56 





29 


+2 


0.18 


-0.10 


64 


2.54 


+0.60 


131 


Drummond 


50 


3 


29 


+3 


0.54 


-0.07 


89 


5.33 


+ 1.57 


142 


Hamilton 


60 


12 


33 


+3 


0.77 


-0.06 


93 


6.13 


+ 1.25 


126 


Kalispell 


43 





29 


+2 


0.96 


-0.19 


83 


6.67 


-0.03 


100 


Missoula 


48 


13 


32 


+3 


0.65 


-0.12 


84 


5.01 


+0.23 


105 


OIney 


45 


-3 


23 


-1 


0.89 


-1.12 


44 


9.82 


-0.67 


94 


Poison 


51 


3 


30 


-1 


0.52 


-0.36 


59 


4.71 


-0.67 


88 


St Ignatius 


55 


3 


31 


+0 


1.13 


+0.36 


147 


6.76 


+ 1.73 


134 


Seeley Lake 


49 


-3 


27 


+3 


1.01 


-0.64 


61 


12.82 


+2.54 


125 


Sula 


55 


-5 


29 


+3 


0.28 


-0.52 


35 


4.95 


-0.12 


98 


Superior 


57 


14 


34 


+2 


1.72 


+0.58 


151 


8.56 


+ 1.49 


121 


Swan Lal<e 


49 


1 


28 


+3 


2.59 


+0.21 


109 


13.01 


-1.61 


89 


Thompson Falls 


51 


15 


34 


+ 1 


1.49 


-0.55 


73 


10.79 


-0.95 


92 


West Glacier 


43 





27 


+ 1 


1.90 


-0.29 


87 


13.08 


-0.71 


95 


NORTH CENTRAL 






















Chester 


48 


-14 


21 


-2 


0.52 


+0.26 


200 


4.94 


+3.07 


264 


Chinook 


50 


-14 


18 


-2 


0.06 


-0.26 


19 


3.13 


+0.65 


126 


Choteau 


62 


-10 


29 


+ 1 


0.33 


+0.14 


174 


1.86 


+0.44 


131 


Cut Bank 


56 


-16 


26 


+3 


0.25 


-0.03 


89 


0.89 


-0.98 


48 


Ft Assinniboine 


44 


-13 


21 


-1 


0.12 


-0.21 


36 


3.95 


+ 1.39 


154 


Fort Benton 


62 


-7 


27 


-2 


0.17 


-0.22 


44 


3.41 


+0.62 


122 


Goldbutte 


59 


-6 


24 


+0 


0.24 


-0.09 


73 


2.44 


+0.03 


101 


Harlem 


42 


-13 


20 


-3 


0.11 


-0.21 


34 


3.00 


+0.93 


145 


Havre 


41 


-13 


21 


-2 


0.10 


-0.26 


28 


2.65 


+0.25 


110 


Malta 


46 


-12 


19 


+ 1 


0.26 


-0.03 


90 


3.67 


+ 1.33 


157 


Rudyard 


42 


-18 


21 


-3 


0.14 


-0.04 


78 


3.30 


+ 1.90 


236 


Shelby 


59 


-13 


25 


+0 


0.24 


-0.09 


73 


2.26 


-0.01 


100 


Turner 


41 


-14 


16 


-3 


0?? 


+0.04 


122 


2.13 


+0.29 


116 


Valier 


57 


-15 


27 


+2 


0.28 


+0.04 


117 


1.80 


+0.01 


101 


NORTHEAST 






















Bredette 


39 


-11 


12 


-7 


0.20 


-0.02 


91 


4.47 


+2.57 


235 


Culbertson 


42 


-13 


13 


-7 


0.09 


-0.14 


39 


4.09 


+ 1.93 


189 


Glasgow 


42 


-11 


16 


-4 


0.07 


-0.19 


27 


3.04 


+0.97 


147 


Glendive 


50 


-11 


25 


+4 


0.20 


-0.13 


61 


2.95 


+0.34 


113 


Jordan 


48 


-10 


24 


+3 


0.07 


-0.29 


19 


3.32 


+0.64 


124 


Nashua 


38 


-14 


16 


-8 


0.25 


+0.06 


132 


3.62 


+ 1.77 


196 


Opheim 


43 


-14 


12 


-4 


0.15 


-0.08 


65 


2.84 


+ 1.11 


164 


Plentywood 


38 


-14 


11 


-8 


0.35 


+0.04 


113 


4.37 


+2.25 


206 


St Marie 


42 


-8 


16 


-4 


0.14 


-0.12 


54 


1.55 


-0.52 


75 


Scobey 


40 


-14 


13 


-5 


0.43 


+0.29 


307 


4.00 


+2.30 


235 


Sidney 


45 


-9 


17 


-5 


0.13 


-0.23 


36 


3.59 


+0.71 


125 


Wolf Point 


39 


-12 


15 


-6 


0.00 


-0.25 





1.79 


-0.34 


84 


CENTRAL 






















Cascade 


60 





30 


+2 


0.22 


-0.15 


59 


2.68 


-0.08 


97 


Grass Range 


64 


-2 


29 


+2 


0.33 


+0.02 


106 


4.56 


+ 1.30 


140 


Great Falls 


58 


-7 


30 


+5 


0.43 


-0.08 


84 


3.66 


+0.29 


109 


Harlowton 


61 


2 


30 


+3 


0.40 


+0.01 


103 


2.72 


+0.12 


105 


Helena 


60 


6 


34 


+8 


0.22 


-0.16 


58 


2.63 


+0.14 


106 


Lewistown 


53 


2 


29 


+4 


0.12 


-0.45 


21 


3.15 


-0.93 


77 


Martinsdale 


56 





30 


+3 


0.31 


-0.01 


97 


3.05 


+0.46 


118 


Neihart 


55 


1 


28 


+ 1 


0.32 


-0.34 


48 


5.33 


+0.34 


107 


Rogers Pass 


58 


-3 


29 


+3 


0.68 


+0.05 


108 


4.27 


+0.24 


106 


Roundup 


64 


-5 


33 


+4 


0.30 


-0.06 


83 


3.56 


+0.96 


137 


Ryegate 


61 


-3 


29 


+4 


0.44 


+0.15 


152 


3.07 


+0.53 


121 


Stanford 


63 





30 


+3 


0.29 


-0.19 


60 


3.13 


-0.32 


91 


Townsend 


62 





31 


+3 


0.14 


-0.09 


61 


2.03 


+0.10 


105 


Valentine 


53 


-6 


25 


+3 


0.15 


-0.17 


47 


3.71 


+ 1.03 


138 


Wht Sulphur Spr 


53 


1 


28 


+3 


0.14 


-0.24 


37 


3.59 


+0.86 


132 


SOUTHWEST 






















Boulder 


55 


2 


30 


+4 


0.15 


-0.15 


50 


2.78 


+0.49 


121 


Bozeman 


55 


1 


31 


+5 


0.38 


-0.16 


70 


3.49 


-0.44 


89 


Butte 


51 


-1 


28 


+7 


0.12 


-0.35 


26 


2.21 


-0.70 


76 


Dillon 


54 


10 


31 


+4 


0.16 


-0.04 


80 


1.13 


-0.54 


68 


Ennis 


54 


5 


31 


+3 


0.36 


-0.09 


80 


2.31 


-0.67 


78 


Lakeview 


40 


-13 


19 


+2 


0.80 


-0.16 


83 


4.82 


-0.73 


87 


W Yellowstone 


46 


-4 


24 


+8 


0.68 


-1.09 


38 


7.26 


-2.11 


77 


Wisdom 


49 


-19 


21 


+4 


0.23 


-0.28 


45 


4.36 


+0.99 


129 


SOUTH CENTRAL 






















Billings 


59 


6 


35 


+6 


0.36 


-0.22 


62 


4.12 


+0.07 


102 


Cooke City 


51 


-3 


29 


+ 13 


0.34 


-1.45 


19 


3.40 


-6.58 


34 


Gardiner 


49 


6 


31 


+3 


0.29 


-0.04 


88 


1.99 


-0.53 


79 


Hardin 


64 


4 


34 


+6 


0.00 


-0.35 





2.91 


-0.38 


88 


Huntley 


63 





32 


+6 


0.46 


-0.02 


96 


4.74 


+ 1.31 


138 


Hysham 


60 


-7 


31 


+4 


0.30 


-0.04 


88 


5.18 


+2.12 


169 


Joliet 


61 


3 


31 


+4 


0.60 


-0.03 


95 


3.77 


-0.47 


89 


Livingston 


59 


6 


34 


+5 


0.28 


-0.20 


58 


1.57 


-2.02 


44 


Nye 


57 


2 


33 


+3 


0.53 


-0.05 


91 


3.90 


-0.20 


95 


Rapelje 


63 


-5 


31 


+3 


0.50 


-0.04 


93 


3.35 


-0.28 


92 


SOUTHEAST 






















Albion 


55 


-8 


28 


+7 


0.50 


+0.19 


161 


5.81 


+3.31 


232 


Baker 


50 


-4 


23 


+ 1 


0.18 


-0.26 


41 


2.58 


-0.64 


80 


Broadus 


60 


-6 


31 


+4 


0.45 


+0.04 


110 


4.11 


+0.90 


128 


Ekalaka 


56 


-10 


26 


+2 


0.44 


-0.07 


86 


4.79 


+0.78 


119 


Miles City 


57 


-8 


29 


+5 


0.04 


-0.30 


12 


2.57 


-0.35 


88 


Plevna 


52 


-6 


23 


+0 


0.35 


-0.09 


80 


3.64 


+0.42 


113 


Compiled by AWIS, Ir 


ic. based 


on NWS data 


DFN-D 


eparture from normal 1971-2000.