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USDA 



United States Department of Agriculture 
National Agricultural Statistics Service 

Crop Weather Report 



.^ySiii:<^. 




bim^- 



Issue: 08-31 

Issued: Weekly: Apr-Oct 
Monthly: Nov-Mar 

Weather Summary 



Montana Field Office ■ 10 W 15 St, 
(406) 441-1240 ■ (406) 441-1250 



Suite 3100 ■ Helena, MT 59626 
FAX ■ www.nass.usda.gov/mt 



Montana received moderate precipitation for the week 
ending October 12*. The southeast and south central 
districts received heavy precipitation. Broadus received the 
most weekly accumulated precipitation at 1.78 inches. 
Highs were mostly in the 60s and 70s, and lows were 
mostly in the teens and 20s. Huntley and Miles City shared 
the high temperature of 77 degrees, and Wisdom had the 
low of 6 degrees. Topsoil moisture adequate and surplus, 
at 72 percent, is above last week's 64 percent, last year's 
58 percent, and the five-year average of 49 percent. 
Subsoil moisture adequate and surplus is 56 percent, 
above last week's 44 percent, last year's 34 percent, and 
the five-year average of 27 percent. The number of days 
suitable for field work was 5.7 days, down from the 
previous week's 6.3 days. 

The weather outlook for October 2l" through October 27'" 
is for above normal temperatures and near normal 
precipitation both east and west of the continental divide. 
Normal temperatures for this period in Montana are highs 
in the lower 50s to the lower 60s and lows in the lower 20s 
to the upper 30s. 

Field Crops Report 

The second cutting of other hay is almost complete. Fifty-six 
percent of winter wheat is emerged, compared with 50 
percent last year and 49 percent for the five-year average. 
Sixty-three percent of potatoes are harvested, a bit behind 
last year's 72 percent and the five-year average of 71 
percent. Small grain harvest is nearly complete. Corn 
condition this week is similar to the previous week. Sugar 
beet condition declined slightly from the previous week. 



Crop Condition Table 



This 
Week 



Last 
Week 



Last 
Year 



5 Yr 
Avg 



Corn 

Very Poor 
Poor 
Fair 
Good 
Excellent 
Sugar Beets 
Very Poor 
Poor 
Fair 
Good 
Excellent 



1 


1 


1 


n/a 


3 


2 


3 


n/a 


16 


16 


11 


n/a 


62 


62 


67 


n/a 


18 


19 


18 


n/a 


2 


1 


1 


4 


12 


10 


2 


9 


22 


18 


11 


25 


43 


53 


56 


41 


21 


18 


30 


21 



Crop Progress Table 



This 
Week 



Last 
Week 



Last 
Year 



5 Yr 
Avg 



Planted 










Winter Wheat 


93 


82 


88 


91 


Emerged 










Winter Wheat 


56 


28 


50 


49 


Harvested 










Corn for Grain 


3 


2 


13 


11 


Corn for Silage 


85 


79 


100 


93 


Durum Wheat 


96 


92 


100 


96 


Potatoes 


63 


45 


72 


71 


Sugar Beets 


53 


10 


46 


35 


Hay Second Cutting 










All Other Hay 


97 


88 


98 


97 



Soil Moisture & Field This 
Work Table Week 



Released: Oct. 14, 2008 

For the Week Ending: 
Oct. 12, 2008 

Last Last 5 Yr 
Week Year Avg 



Topsoil Moisture 

Very Short 6 13 8 20 

Short 22 23 34 31 

Adequate 66 62 54 46 

Surplus 6 2 4 3 
Subsoil Moisture 

Very Short 19 22 30 36 

Short 25 34 36 37 

Adequate 55 43 33 26 

Surplus 1 111 
Days Suitable for Fieldwork 

Days 5.7 6.3 5.2 5.6 



Montana Drought Status by County - October, 200S 




Map Key 

/WVWV llkxibrarlal Divjde 

^- > Dnxig^t Impact Type 

Draught Status 
Oetober 2008 

I I No Droucht - Moi5( 

I I Ho Drought 

!' 1 Slightly Cf* 

j fctfjdeisteiy Dry (UnmRhi AlcrO 

^^M SeM«relyE^ — I 
^^1 Ejcltemely Dry J 

H l[i"iJrii!Quieal- Wiilcr'Sii|ipl>f6.3ir:B!nf|ij",OnKaidwafcr 
Uroi^kt Alcrl - (iEtvcmn's IJrtKigh 
Adviwi; CunrniiHeG Jliungi; eneuunsi. loeal 

i/ltii,-]j]sli/ tumElK ini^ JiVVfU i,-MIliiliLl?iHL, 

Srrcrc IhnHf^l - LikhI ulfieah 

ilHuId hivt ImuI drou^l plofinuig, effa^a undcnvdy 

orshcLiM rerraivoKllKlKiil <ji>u^ rommiHK 

*t [fcewpiiw ffipiiriuBify, 

'^^^ 



hBp;l'^r«jn>>i.m.iiov/ 






llCrllMltJ M llf>MI|)>1. 



This drought map can be accessed at: 
http://nris.state.mt.us/drought/status 



Livestock Report 

Range and pasture feed conditions declined from the 
previous week. Thirty-three percent is rated good to 
excellent compared to 34 percent the previous week. 
Conditions remain better than last year and the five-year 
average. Movement of cattle and sheep from summer 
ranges is progressing faster than last year and the five-year 
average. Eleven percent of cattle and 8 percent of sheep are 
receiving supplemental feed. 

Range & Livestock This Last Last 5 Yr 

Table Week Week Year Avg 

Range and Pasture Feed Condition 

Very Poor 14 

Poor 18 

Fair 35 

Good 29 

Excellent 4 

Livestock Moved From Summer Ranges 

Cattle and Calves 66 

Sheep and Lambs 72 

Livestock Receiving Supplemental Feed 

Cattle and Calves 11 

Sheep and Lambs 8 



10 


15 


19 


18 


19 


24 


38 


39 


36 


31 


23 


18 


3 


4 


3 


es 

51 


56 


59 


58 


61 


59 


eu 

4 


9 


n/a 


2 


9 


n/a 



This information is also available on the Internet at : http://www.nass.usda.gov/mt/ 
Completed and Summarized by: In conjunction with: MSU Extension Agents 

USDA, NASS, Montana Field Office USDA County Service Centers 



Weather Information for th 


e Week ending 10/12/2008 
















Station ID 




Precipitation 


Temperature 


GDDs 


This Week 


Ap 


ril 1 to Date 


October 1 to Date 


Hi 1 


LOW 


AVG 


B50 


DFN 


Total 


DFN 


Total f 


DFN 


%NRM 


Total 


DFN 1 


%NRM 


NORTHWEST 




























Alberton 


64 


22 


42 


3 


-1 


0.33 


+0.12 


8.89 


+0.44 


105 


0.89 


+0.53 


247 


Anaconda 


65 


17 


36 





-3 


0.40 


+0.19 


9.73 


+0.39 


104 


0.59 


+0.23 


164 


Clinton 


62 


22 


42 


2 


+2 


0.16 


-0.05 


10.51 


+2.50 


131 


0.30 


-0.06 


83 


Corvallis 


63 


20 


40 


1 


-5 


0.03 


-0.17 


5.51 


-2.29 


71 


0.16 


-0.19 


46 


Creston 


62 


22 


42 


2 


+2 


0.03 


-0.25 


10.57 


-1.89 


85 


0.43 


-0.05 


90 


Deer Lodge 


66 


13 


34 





+0 


0.10 


-0.04 


7.76 


-0.69 


92 


0.43 


+0.17 


165 


Drummond 


61 


20 


38 





-2 


0.21 


+0.00 


8.80 


+0.33 


104 


0.44 


+0.08 


122 


Hamilton 


63 


23 


43 


7 


+3 


0.00 


-0.15 


2.62 


-5.28 


33 


0.00 


-0.30 





Kalispell 


65 


19 


44 


3 


+3 


0.03 


-0.18 


8.41 


-1.37 


86 


0.19 


-0.17 


53 


IVIissoula 


62 


25 


45 


4 


+0 


0.09 


-0.12 


7.12 


-1.33 


84 


0.27 


-0.09 


75 


OIney 


60 


12 


37 





+0 


0.32 


+0.04 


8.83 


-2.52 


78 


0.70 


+0.22 


146 


Poison 


59 


23 


43 


2 


-6 


0.27 


+0.02 


10.08 


-0.10 


99 


0.73 


+0.28 


162 


St Ignatius 


61 


24 


42 


5 


-1 


0.03 


-0.25 


10.72 


-0.10 


99 


0.66 


+0.18 


138 


Seeley Lake 


58 


23 


40 





-1 


0.19 


-0.09 


6.77 


-2.85 


70 


0.27 


-0.21 


56 


Sula 


65 


12 


36 





+0 


0.32 


+0.10 


9.11 


-1.28 


88 


0.52 


+0.10 


124 


Superior 


63 


22 


43 


5 


-4 


0.12 


-0.09 


12.13 


+3.51 


141 


0.38 


+0.02 


106 


Swan Lake 


58 


20 


41 





+0 


0.06 


-0.36 


10.99 


-1.96 


85 


0.26 


-0.46 


36 


Thompson Falls 


63 


25 


46 


8 


-3 


0.09 


-0.25 


8.48 


-1.64 


84 


0.38 


-0.16 


70 


West Glacier 


58 


19 


41 


1 


+ 1 


0.25 


-0.17 


11.84 


-2.06 


85 


0.34 


-0.38 


47 


NORTH CENTRAL 




























Chester 


70 


20 


41 


4 


+0 


0.04 


-0.10 


10.14 


+ 1.70 


120 


0.04 


-0.20 


17 


Chinook 


72 


22 


42 


6 


+3 


0.01 


-0.16 


11.71 


+1.37 


113 


0.01 


-0.31 


3 


Choteau 


61 


16 


39 





-11 


0.02 


-0.12 


11.21 


+2.41 


127 


0.04 


-0.20 


17 


Cut Bank 


63 


18 


40 





+0 


0.04 


-0.10 


12.29 


+1.97 


119 


0.07 


-0.17 


29 


Ft Assinniboine 


72 


20 


43 


8 


+ 1 


0.00 


-0.21 


10.38 


+0.22 


102 


0.00 


-0.36 





Fort Benton 


74 


20 


43 


10 


-6 


0.07 


-0.14 


12.16 


+ 1.76 


117 


0.10 


-0.26 


28 


Goldbutte 


66 


20 


40 


2 


-3 


0.04 


-0.16 


13.09 


+2.17 


120 


0.04 


-0.31 


11 


Harlem 


71 


19 


43 


7 


+ 1 


0.12 


-0.03 


9.45 


+0.06 


101 


0.12 


-0.18 


40 


Havre 


74 


21 


44 


15 


+ 10 


0.01 


-0.13 


8.80 


+0.18 


102 


0.01 


-0.25 


4 


IVlalta 


67 


23 


44 


6 


+ 1 


0.51 


+0.30 


10.16 


-0.14 


99 


0.92 


+0.56 


256 


Rudyard 


70 


21 


42 


5 


-1 


0.00 


-0.14 


11.47 


+3.19 


139 


0.00 


-0.24 





Shelby 


63 


21 


40 





-4 


0.04 


-0.10 


10.51 


+1.15 


112 


0.04 


-0.20 


17 


Turner 


67 


20 


41 


4 


-1 


0.00 


-0.11 


10.97 


+ 1.72 


119 


0.43 


+0.20 


187 


Valier 


61 


22 


40 


2 


-7 


0.01 


-0.13 


10.14 


-0.03 


100 


0.04 


-0.21 


16 


NORTHEAST 




























Bredette 


66 


26 


40 





-5 


0.55 


+0.38 


10.11 


-0.79 


93 


0.78 


+0.46 


244 


Culbertson 


70 


28 


44 


4 


-2 


0.88 


+0.67 


8.31 


-3.01 


73 


1.27 


+0.87 


318 


Glasgow 


70 


27 


44 


8 


+3 


0.35 


+0.18 


10.88 


+ 1.87 


121 


0.45 


+0.13 


141 


Glendive 


73 


27 


46 


15 


+4 


1.05 


+0.79 


9.78 


-1.11 


90 


1.28 


+0.82 


278 


Jordan 


73 


22 


43 


6 


-2 


0.57 


+0.36 


9.92 


-0.08 


99 


0.65 


+0.26 


167 


Nashua 


71 


24 


42 





-17 


0.87 


+0.66 


11.93 


+2.12 


122 


1.07 


+0.71 


297 


Opheim 


61 


21 


41 


1 


+ 1 


0.24 


+0.05 


11.51 


+0.80 


107 


0.41 


+0.07 


121 


Plentywood 


65 


23 


42 


1 


-3 


0.18 


-0.01 


9.17 


-1.58 


85 


0.41 


+0.07 


121 


St Marie 


66 


25 


42 


4 


-1 


0.17 


+0.00 


8.60 


-0.41 


95 


0.38 


+0.06 


119 


Scobey 


67 


22 


41 





-1 


0.37 


+0.23 


13.83 


+3.34 


132 


0.59 


+0.33 


227 


Sidney 


68 


29 


46 


9 


-1 


1.12 


+0.86 


8.19 


-3.13 


72 


1.39 


+0.93 


302 


Wolf Point 


69 


27 


44 


6 


-3 


0.63 


+0.46 


10.52 


+0.85 


109 


0.71 


+0.39 


222 


CENTRAL 




























Cascade 


65 


10 


37 


1 


-2 


0.00 


-0.22 


13.65 


+2.28 


120 


0.02 


-0.40 


5 


Grass Range 


73 


25 


41 


5 


-3 


1.14 


+0.93 


14.66 


+2.03 


116 


1.28 


+0.90 


337 


Great Falls 


70 


21 


43 


4 


-3 


0.10 


-0.11 


11.61 


+0.74 


107 


0.11 


-0.26 


30 


Harlowton 


76 


19 


40 


3 


-4 


0.19 


-0.02 


13.83 


+2.74 


125 


0.29 


-0.07 


81 


Helena 


74 


25 


44 


11 


+6 


0.10 


-0.04 


6.51 


-1.96 


77 


0.14 


-0.13 


52 


Lewistown 


71 


20 


40 


1 


-3 


0.12 


-0.16 


13.28 


+0.20 


102 


0.19 


-0.29 


40 


Martinsdale 


70 


13 


37 


1 


-2 


0.55 


+0.34 


9.50 


-1.14 


89 


0.55 


+0.19 


153 


Neihart 


66 


17 


35 





-5 


0.70 


+0.35 


15.64 


-0.02 


100 


0.70 


+0.10 


117 


Rogers Pass 


63 


18 


39 





-5 


0.42 


+0.14 


14.93 


+1.81 


114 


0.96 


+0.44 


185 


Roundup 


75 


22 


43 


12 


-3 


1.29 


+ 1.01 


14.46 


+3.98 


138 


1.61 


+ 1.13 


335 


Ryegate 


76 


19 


40 


3 


-2 


0.19 


-0.02 


12.01 


+ 1.95 


119 


0.34 


-0.02 


94 


Stanford 


71 


22 


38 


2 


-7 


0.90 


+0.67 


12.87 


-0.25 


98 


0.90 


+0.47 


209 


Townsend 


75 


22 


42 


4 


-5 


0.20 


+0.06 


5.93 


-2.51 


70 


0.21 


-0.03 


88 


Valentine 


72 


21 


42 


6 


+2 


0.25 


+0.10 


12.86 


+2.45 


124 


0.36 


+0.06 


120 


Wht Sulphur Spr 


67 


12 


36 





-2 


0.29 


+0.04 


9.25 


-0.84 


92 


0.39 


-0.06 


87 


SOUTHWEST 




























Boulder 


67 


15 


36 





-3 


0.35 


+0.21 


7.52 


-1.41 


84 


0.49 


+0.25 


204 


Bozeman 


70 


21 


40 


3 


-5 


0.37 


+0.00 


15.17 


+1.65 


112 


0.62 


-0.05 


93 


Butte 


64 


14 


36 





+0 


0.02 


-0.19 


7.22 


-2.17 


77 


0.14 


-0.22 


39 


Dillon 


67 


18 


39 





-5 


0.07 


-0.07 


4.94 


-3.05 


62 


0.08 


-0.18 


31 


Ennis 


70 


14 


40 


2 


-5 


0.07 


-0.17 


8.29 


-1.85 


82 


0.08 


-0.36 


18 


Lakeview 


65 


23 


39 





+0 


0.14 


-0.21 


6.51 


-6.26 


51 


0.38 


-0.23 


62 


W Yellowstone 


65 


20 


38 





+0 


0.87 


+0.59 


9.63 


-1.42 


87 


1.05 


+0.57 


219 


Wisdom 


60 


6 


33 





+0 


0.08 


-0.09 


6.98 


-1.20 


85 


0.28 


-0.04 


88 


SOUTH CENTRAL 




























Billings 


73 


29 


44 


16 


+2 


1.14 


+0.86 


11.21 


+ 1.10 


111 


1.46 


+0.93 


275 


Cooke City 


66 


22 


38 





+0 


0.29 


-0.06 


7.99 


-6.12 


57 


0.45 


-0.15 


75 


Gardiner 


61 


24 


43 





-10 


0.08 


-0.09 


3.35 


-3.67 


48 


0.15 


-0.17 


47 


Hardin 


75 


27 


47 


20 


+2 


0.63 


+0.31 


12.02 


+3.35 


139 


1.18 


+0.61 


207 


Huntley 


77 


21 


43 


15 


+7 


1.63 


+ 1.35 


12.91 


+2.60 


125 


1.90 


+ 1.40 


380 


Hysham 


67 


26 


45 


9 


-5 


1.67 


+ 1.39 


12.55 


+2.44 


124 


2.27 


+ 1.75 


437 


Joliet 


70 


25 


41 


6 


-1 


1.09 


+0.71 


10.93 


+0.03 


100 


1.35 


+0.69 


205 


Livingston 


71 


14 


41 


9 


+ 1 


0.09 


-0.19 


9.64 


-2.13 


82 


0?? 


-0.28 


44 


Nye 


69 


22 


41 


7 


-3 


1.65 


+ 1.30 


17.61 


+3.79 


127 


1.79 


+ 1.15 


280 


Rapelje 


73 


22 


39 


2 


-8 


1.47 


+ 1.19 


13.63 


+2.47 


122 


1.67 


+ 1.15 


321 


SOUTHEAST 




























Albion 


74 


20 


42 


7 


+3 


1.76 


+ 1.48 


22.15 


+10.41 


189 


1.76 


+ 1.29 


374 


Baker 


74 


20 


43 


10 


+3 


0.85 


+0.57 


10.85 


-0.37 


97 


0.92 


+0.39 


174 


Broadus 


69 


24 


42 


5 


-5 


1.78 


+ 1.48 


16.87 


+6.88 


169 


2.08 


+ 1.58 


416 


Ekalaka 


70 


23 


41 


6 


-2 


1.65 


+ 1.27 


16.50 


+3.41 


126 


1.82 


+ 1.14 


268 


Miles City 


77 


28 


46 


14 


+3 


1.28 


+ 1.00 


10.14 


-0.32 


97 


1.28 


+0.80 


267 


Plevna 


74 


19 


41 





-7 


1.08 


+0.80 


11.13 


-0.09 


99 


1.15 


+0.62 


217 


Compiled byAWIS Inc 


;. based 


on NWS data 


DFN- 


Departi 


jre from normal 1 


970-2000 


. GDD-( 


3rowing d 


egree days