Historic, Archive Document
Do not assume content reflects current
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices.
S. DEPT. OF
AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM
AGRICULTURAL STABILIZATION AND CONSERVATION SERVICE
I UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
More Hunting, Fishing Areas Needed
Each year about a million more Americans get
interested in hunting and fishing.
One man in five goes hunting. Fishing is even
more popular with men and has a strong appeal
to women as well as the younger set. More than
one-third of American families, mostly from the
city, are interested in fishing.
As our population expands we will have greater
need for more hunting and fishing opportunities,
more parks and playgrounds, and for open mead-
ows and woodlands close to cities and towns where
people can "get away" for the weekend.
Farmers can increase these opportunities
through agricultural conservation. You as a
"consumer" of recreation — or as a representative
of an organization interested in outdoor activi-
ties — can help meet the need by talking to farmers
and letting them know of your interest.
Conservation is everybody's business.
Increases Fishing, Hunting
Farmers are our wildlife custodians. Privately-
owned farm and timber lands provide 80 percent
of the wildlife available for hunting, as well as
much good fishing. Upland game birds, resident
game animals, fish, and even the migratory ducks
and geese, are part of the harvest on farms.
However, with more and more people turning
to hunting and fishing, we run the chance of over-
loading the hunting and fishing areas on farms
That is why sportsmen are directly interested
in agricultural conservation on private land.
Agricultural conservation on private land greatly
increases and improves food, shelter and water for
game and fish on the farm. Also, adequate con-
servation on farm land keeps silt out of adjacent
lakes and streams, and improves them for fishing.
In turn, these wildlife benefits increase hunting,
fishing and other recreational opportunities.
These are ways the Agricultural Conservation
Program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farmers as Wildlife Custodians
Hunters and fishermen know that the best
hunting and much good fishing is on farms where
conservation practices have been installed.
Conservation farming with contour strips of
grass and legumes alternating with row crops or
small grain provides more edges and borders than
rectangular fields covered by a single crop. Wild-
life find food and cover in the grass and crops,
and in the brush and shrubs along the edges of
fields and woodlands.
Farm woodland conservation plantings, wind-
breaks, grasslands, and plantings to control gullies
and hillside erosion are all good habitat for game.
Quail, partridge, pheasant, grouse, rabbits, squir-
rels and deer find plenty of suitable habitat.
Farm ponds and wetlands are a rest and food
haven for ducks and geese. Ducks like farm
pond areas, even small ones, for raising their
young. Both livestock water and wildlife-fish
ponds provide fishing opportunities for many
Stress Fish and Wildlife Benefits
Agricultural conservation is encouraging fanners
to take a renewed interest in conserv ation of both
direct and incidental benefit to fish and wildlife.
This is reflected in the attention given to wild-
life benefits and practices in the Agricultural Con-
servation Programs in every agricultural county
of the nation.
In reviewing and re-examining the program
each year. Agricultural Stabilization and Conser-
vation (ASC) Committees of farmers that rim the
ACP locally, work with all the people who share
responsibility for the big conservation job. includ-
ing groups- interested in fish and wildlife conser-
vation. Many times this review of the ACP
results in additional practices that are needed but
on which little development has taken place.
Some practices in the ACP are carried out by
farmers specifically for the development of wild-
life food, water or cover. These include building
ponds for game and fish, restoring or developing
marshlands, converting croplands into wetlands,
and food and cover plots and borders. Agencies
of State and Federal Governments provide tech-
nical assistance for these practices.
Most measures that conserve soil, water and
woodland, also provide food, water and cover for
wildlife and ponds for fish. Among those are the
establishment of grasslands, livestock water ponds,
stripcropping. sod waterways, shelter belts, gully
control, and forest tree and shrub planting.
All Conservation Costs Money
Often the resource conservation needed in the
public interest is more than a farmer can do on
his own, in his normal farming operation. Con-
servation farming is more than "just good fann-
ing." It includes protection for the public in
both the short-run and the long-range future.
The Agricultural Conservation Program is an
arrangement by which the public joins with
farmers and woodland owners to share the cost of
needed conservation measures that protect, im-
prove and renew soil, water, woodland and wild-
life resources on private land.
The public stands about half the cost of carry-
ing out approved conservation practices. The
farmer stands the other half.
Over a million farmers and woodland owners
a year increase their accomplishments in conser-
vation farming through the incentives of the
Agricultural Conservation Program.
Where Fish and Game Thrive
Fish and game thrive where farmers practice
conservation that provides hidden nesting areas,
various sources of food, excellent shelter, good
runways, and a plentiful supply of water.
Among the many conservation measures that
bring about such benefits to wildlife and fish, are
seven of high importance. In just one recent
year, the local ASC committees report that
farmers and the ACP working together in a re-
source conservation partnership, made these ac-
complishments in the seven conserv ation practices.
9,828,000 acres of annual, summer and winter
2,860,000 acres of permanent type grassland
1,854,000 acres of existing land cover improved.
467,000 acres of stripcropping.
336,000 acres planted to trees.
41,600 livestock water ponds.
19,000 miles of sod waterways.
Such conservation work by farmers and the
ACP is a tremendous benefit to fish and wildlife.
It happens every year.
What to Lool^ For
In selecting a place to hunt or fish, look for
stripcropped fields, shrubs and trees and field
borders, protected woodland, grasslands, fann
ponds, and generally lush vegetation. Conser\a-
tion practices such as these normally indicate good
hunting and fishing.
Of course, the hunter or fisherman will want
to check with the landowner and protect his
property so that his land and water w ill continue
to be available to hunters and fishermen.
Where land is posted w ith a "keep out"sign.
there usually is a story behind that sign. It may
involve a crop that can be damaged. Or it could
be that somebody has left gates open or hurt live-
stock or otherw ise created a nuisance. Pennis-
sion to hunt and fish on private land is up to the
Hunting and fishing on land that is privately
owned is a privilege, not a right. To enjoy this
privilege, remember that the owner is making
some sacrifice, even if only to provide the area
for fish and game to grow, for you to enjoy your
Probably every farmer enjoys having fish and
wildlife on his place. This enjoyment is one of
his compensations. He is a true conserv ationist —
not only of soil and water, but of all outdoor life.
In this, the farmer and the true sportsman are
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Issued November 1963
U S GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1963 OF — 708-395