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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/12 : CIA-RDP05T02051R000200350058-8 

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f Seoul Seeks U.N. Help in Rift With North _ 

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By SUSAN CHIRA 

Special to The New York Times 

SEOUL, South Korea, Oct. 14 — 
President Roh Tae Woo of South 
Korea said today that he would ask 
the United Nations and its member 
countries to help bring about a 
reconciliation with North Korea 
that would ease tensions between 
the neighbors. 

In an interview before the first 
address to the United Nations Gen- 
eral Assembly by a South Korean 
leader, set for Tuesday, Mr. Roh 
seemed eager to take advantage of 
the good will engendered by the 
Olympic Games in Seoul to^win 
backing for his overtures to Nqr^h 
Korea, which have so far not made^ 
much headway with the Govern- 
ment in Pyongyang. Neither South 
or North Korea is a member of the 
United Nations, but both have ob- 
server missions there. 

In an hourlong interview in the 
Blue House, his residence here, he 
discussed the foreign and domestic 
challenges that face his nation now 
that the Seoul Olympics have 
ended. Many Koreans had been re- 
serving judgment on Mr. Roh until 


after the Olympics, which served 
as a check on both the Government 
and the opposition. 

“What we would like the United 
Nations to do, as a neutral third 
party, is use its good offices as a 
mediator,” he said this afternoon. 
“Sometimes direct parties cannot 
agree because of mistrust and 


pride. Just as in marriage counsel- 
ing, we need a third party to ar- 
range a satisfactory solution.” 

Mr. Roh is to meet with Presi- 
dent Reagan on Thursday in Wash- 
ington. His visit, the first since he 
took office in February, comes as 
relations between the two nations 
have been questioned in Korea. 

A growing Korean national 
pride, fed by the Olympics, is 
prompting resentment over Amer- 
ican pressure to open South Ko- 
rean markets to American goods. 
Moreover, many Koreans chafe at 
the continuing presence of Amer- 
ican military installations in down- 
town Seoul, and what many Ko- 
reans see as American arrogance. 

At the same time, the Govern- 
ment is courting Communist na- 
tions it once considered enemies, 
as well as trying to improve rela- 
tions with North Korea. During the 
Olympics, many South Koreans 
booed American athletes and 
cheered those from Communist 
countries. 

While Mr. Roh acknowledged 
anti-Amer ican sentimen t, he said 

Continued on Page 5, Column 1 


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haunted by the past, and it is the 
examination of that past that will help 
shape the future. The opposition-con- 
trolled legislature, elected in April with 
new powers, has begun investigations 
into charges of corruption and abuses 
of power during the Government of for- ‘ 
mer President ChurvDoo Hwan. 

In just one example, newspapers 
have begun printing articles about “re- 
education camps,” where the Chun 
Government sent vagrants as well as 
some political dissidents for forced 
labor and political training. 

Such investigations are potentially 
explosive because they could implicate 
senior Government and military offi- 
cials and may serve to remind the pub- 
lic of the close links between Mr. Roh 
and Mr. Chun — his unpopular prede- 
cessor, former ally and close friend. 
President Roh has taken great pains to 
distance himself from a past he helped 
to shape without completely breaking 
with Mr. Chun, who picked him as his 
successor. 

Ruling party politicians have urged 


ettorw Nations could 

fan s, he said, dw ^ role in bringing 

name sounds 
Ti n d C Nor a tl. Korea intended to promote 


i hem 5 closer together. 

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trade and personal exchanges between! 
the two nations and end the North’s dip-y 
lomatic isolation. 

After a flurry of counterproposals by, 
the North, the two sides embarked in 
August on their first talks in nearly 
three years. So far they have failed to 
agree on terms for a joint parliamen- 
tary meeting, but will talk again in 
November. While the South proposes 
building good will through family 
visits, trade and citizens’ exchanges, 
the North wants a pledge of nonaggres- 
sion and the eventual withdrawal of 
American troops*. 

Role for Other Countries 

Mr. Roh said he would not specifi- 
cally appeal for direct negotiations to 
be undertaken by United Nations offi- 
cials such as the ones that produced 
cease-fires in Afghanistan and in the 
Persian Gulf between Iran and Iraq. 
But he suggested that he would be will- 
ing to accept any help in reaching out 
to North Korea — either from the 
United Nations or from member coun- 
tries who have relations with North 
Korea or have security interests on the 
Korean peninsula. 

“The United Nations has earned the 
respect of the international community 
by assisting in the solution of interna- 
tional disputes,” he said. "Based on 
this, I think the United Nations can find 
some role by itself in the Korea ques- 
tion. Other countries individually can 
also play some role.” 

His aides said he would appeal to na- 
tions with security interests in the 
peninsula — presumably the United 
States, China and the Soviet Union — to 
help promote talks between the 
Koreas. 

The surge of anti-Americanism, he 
said, springs both from South Korea’s 
new freedom of expression and from 
changes in its relationship with the 
United States. 

"Some people do not yet understand 
we have reached a very horizontal 
relationship, instead of the traditional 
vertical relationship with the United 
States — especially students do not un- 
derstand this,” he said, referring to a 
relationship among equals instead of 
the former one where the United States 
had a dominant role. "But the trends 
toward democracy and development of 
a free market will proceed to make this 
very meaningless, and within a short 
time we will be able to overcome these 
difficulties.” 

The next several months will test not 
only Mr. Roh’s foreign policy, but his 
commitment to change at home as 
well. His accommodating manner and 
his deliberate rejection of his predeces- 
sor’s imperious style have won him 
measured praise even from opposition 
leaders. But many Koreans, made cau- 
tious by a history of brief spells of free- 
dom followed by coups, will be closely 


Mr. Roh to ask Mr. Chun to answer 
questions before the National Assem- 
bly, South Korea’s legislature, and to 
issue an apology for any past mis- 
deeds. Today Mr. Roh said the Govern- 
ment would cooperate with investiga- 
tions, but he said he would not inter- 
cede. 

Mr. Roh dismissed fears that the in- 
vestigations could touch off a political 
crisis and a return to authoritarianism. 
He pointed to a number of democratic 
jehanges that have already taken place 
in little more than a year — the na- 
tion’s first direct presidential election 
in 16 years, its first opposition-con- 
trolled legislature, substantially in- 
creased press freedoms and a better 
human rights record. 

His critics assert that a number of 
political prisoners remain in jail and 
that many released have not yet been 
allowed to vote or take part in politics. 
And they fear that South Korea’s 
powerful intelligence agencies may 
continue to harass opponents of the 
Government. 




U.N. Settles Dispute 
On Korean Speeches 

Special u> llw New Ygrk T ime* 

UNITED NATIONS, Oct. 14 — It 
took weeks of high-level negotiations, 
but finally a compromise was worked 
out allowing both South and North 
Korea to address the General Assem- 
bly next week, diplomats say. 

Neither North or South Korea, 
which both have nonvoting observer 
status at the United Nations, may 
speak without approval of a majority 
of members. Late this summer the 
United States, supported by Japan 
and eight other nations, said it would 
ask the General Assembly to invite 
South Korea to speak to mark its 40th 
anniversary. 

The Soviet Union, China and other 
Communist countries immediately 
replied that they were strongly op- 
posed. Even before the Soviet objec- 
- lion, South Korea said it would wel- 
come an appearance by North Korea 
before the General Assembly as well. 
North Korea refused the offer. 

But, diplomats say, the Soviet 
Union and China eventually drew 
back from the confrontation and 
forced North Korea to accept the 
compromise South Korea had offered 
all along, under which the two Koreas 
would both address the General As- 
sembly. There was no explanation for 
the reversal. 

As a result, President Roh Tae Woo 
of South Korea will address the Gen- 
eral Assembly on Tuesday. But in an 
unusual protocol twist seen by most 
diplomats here as an expression of 
North Korean pique, a man who is of 
considerably lower rank — First 
Deputy Foreign Minister Kang Sok 
Ju of North Korea — will speak 
Wednesday. 

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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/12 : CIA-RDP05T02051R000200350058-8