Skip to main content

Full text of "Claude McKay FBI file"

See other formats


progran vjuld nob cousrve to bo cr-llod a Corarunlst 

* J V (Z) Thoro can bo no doubt "that tho faot of in- '* 
/^rolvLag tho oolercd troops in tho imperialist Xc war 
coid at tho present tisio in tho occupation of Cer.oun 
territoiy represents a carofally varied out and ex- 
ecuted attempt of European, and in tho fLrat plr.co 
of French and British capital, to find for- thcmolves 
a force outside of chaotic E'lropo and by so doing to* 
obtain tho possibility of finding support. In c»-so 
of ncoossity, in tho KobilisoO, disciplined and armed 
JLfrlcnn and /.sialic troops against the revolutionary 
cassuo of L’aropo* flat is \%hy tho question of in- 
volving colored troops in imperial it! ic uors io closely 
coiueotcu with the question of revolution in Europe and, 
thoroforo, v/ith tho fate of the trorfcing clues* 

f3) 7a or© cun be no douut that llio fact of involving 
tho loss civilized colonial nesses in interne tiunal 
iaporialistio conflicts represents an eznorissent cost 
dangerous for tho ruling boargooi3ic itself* The blaok 
pooplo, as »> oil as tho colonid natives genornlly, pre- 
‘sorra conscrvatica and "cental in.uobility n only if they 
ro.xain in thslr usual dooostio surroundings* Bat nfcon 

tho hand of capital and oven core - tho hand of ollitarisn- 

• « 

polls tliea out of tuolr usual living conditions and conpolo 

then to eacrlflco thoir lives for tho echo of complicated 

and ncr.T international questions and conflicts foonfllcts 

botuoe^tho tuorgooisio of vurloos nations, or conflicts 

• • 

between the clajcoo of tho sa ,10 nations,) then tho con- 
sorvhtivo poycologicul otubbornoso is immediately niped 


c ; t > v th * . 

aui«cb*.» ® lu “ 6 * nt tt( , 

, U) ».«t is *7 » » 30 -portent «*. at 

• / -. * srnll naxbor of decs- 

WrieenV-tooont. to hare ever, o 

oonooloaa oegroou. you,* - •«*-• ' 

«* - ~ "T 1 10,il “ - 

W ao* -CO «. »t tii® oono t it .. -rcMe ol conned 

Borell , «„ tot. , 1 th the -to OC ». M »*» • 

•, th the fate of tho intcrcatioiifil 

in the first pl^co, «ith the 

woricii^5 cltoo. 


Twoortsn^ — 

^ IW# ^ ooc*e. ? -» ce*i.llcetc4 In U. • 

i- SUU. d — on oooonnt o, tho * 

^ -to M tho. P r- -o 3 e o r 

o4 tho w«»* o-oc -coll. *»** «« »• * 

, * in inbox end F.^ru^cilo* 

oognlM negroes u oretoexn in -»or . 

Coapora’ policy 1« *«* or ** ir ° W ° 3 thlS 
^ op to the preeoat tine la the heat ^too- 
th, onoluTory ol the *if «• ««* ? 

.... thl3 policy oust bo cnxrloS on o^ary- 

'^r^ 10 To ot the coot icportnnt oothoia o£ «•»««»• 

I E Llt this cupltolintlo corruption oS M - t0 
B «. *• i n-otoet nzoal the 

V a* tmit!7 and revolutionary 

np tho hunan OlEnlty ^ can b0 boot 

•bltolt olavoa ol African o.»W. 

on b, the aorotd oni politically oiooetoa no,ro 

rcTOlntlonletc. naturally fao writ suet >ot at 

. «f V..A he carrloo or 

.hcimeler of -blac* chanYi-nii^ but ^ 

• „ tho aplrlt oi col 1—r ity -» 

V , M T an at a loua to W **** 

of tho oo lor of their oxin. 

<^ntion'foroo for tho ©oYcaont 
«♦ «„>odicnt oreonisation loro 




V n - a sa 1 M* » ot 1 “ al0jf 
? *V. ^^nni pcBOlbU-ltios* Bat 

, ■* >• - - - - - 






» ■* 


V V ' 




• ;a • 1 

*■ >.» •- ■ $ 


/" \V- 


O • 


•*«« ft, 


./* r»_ 

• w Of 


s. /• 1-/ •'*" f >/ - • 7 1 


j 1 : *r -r\ 5 i % 

• - • .* k W >• V' 

_« »- t . . f— •»■ 


*V»- 1 

1 t 


n yjs 

' / . * • . • * * .Vi 


V. . sr*-*,..- 




I ' _ ■'- '/■:■ \ Y- .. . •ij 

NEGROES AT COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL 
Two American n^roti. Claude Mackay (at extreme left ©f photograph) and J. Billings (at 
extreme right). discussing the calling of an all* negro conference at Moscow. San Katarama. 
the Japanese Socialist. Is seated next to Mackay 




v 


A- 


;• ,? . f 


I ' A. 4 

* t if 


J*- ~ ' 

f ft/ 


f»~ 

World ft **.. 


Radical leader, with C!nn<le McKay, a Nccro Poet. Who Watched the Proceedings of the Cele- 
bration o? :'« *1*1..' evi«t KrvoJation in K«< :ia. trim* nw iiv; ( i ruv.-* \ . 


• /J 


\ 


S 











n 73i.J 


JLX-. 


J 


C-4 


/ 


7 







Ur. J. p. Kocney, 
Post Office Box 455, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

Boar Sir* 


I am in receipt % of information to tho 
effect that Claude Ud&ay, Communist negro delegate 
from ^Inerica to the ^hird International, is about 
to leave Copenhagen on his return to the United 
Sta tea * 

. % * , 

It is possible that this subject may 
carry instructions and documents from tho Com-* 
muniot International to the Communists in .this 
country, together with -a considerable sum of 
money, and. it is therefore desirea that should 
he endeavor to enter the United States through 
the territory covered by your office, that he 
be given a very careful examination, and the 
Bureau promptly advised. 


Yours very, truly, 

.• / . J'S • • } . 

:r~ Y < q a ' 
/// , / . it j 

stf *■ ? : * ■ 

Director. ' 




£ 1 - 3^7 -// 




lb 


WM % J. BURNS 
DIRECTOR 



9*jmrf nwnt of Rustics 

bureau nf ^nucsti^utmn 
ZExzhnigtxm, g. & 


~ -tv' 


12,1983* 


^ r# C. D. McKean. 

B«i+<° ffice Bo2C 523 * 

Baltimore, Md. 

Dear Sir: 



.Internationa 1 to the' t;i9 -PoCTUOin t 

ge.taox .wj.tn. a eonsiderabTs ^ tlas ^oixsC to- 
therefore ass i> Zt and .til is 

the.Unitsd.St £te3 fir V ®?f ^ ^ -H Js te r 

your^mcA^ tha y- 

.imt lon, ana ,. ye ' 

Very truly y0 ure 

yfH'T'hsiAi/ 

/Director, 


if/- 3 V<?7 




V-/J 


OFFICE OF 

SPECIAL AGENT IN CHARGE 


JDT-J TD. 
EY Pile 
/ 

•/ 



"MiZzJZZitT' »; rOi r/Jc.i.T.Vr*! f i r IHWiii 



department of Justice 

bureau, of Jnbt^ftjjation 

15 Park Row! 14th Floor 
New York, N. Y. 


Telephone. Barclay 6160’ 
POST OFFICE BOX 241 

. . Ci nr Hall Station 




/ 

Director, 

"Bureau or Investigation, 
Department of Justice, 


l r arch 12, 1923. 


Attention; T. D. 


Washington, d. 0. 
Dear Dir ; 


IIT ^W: CLAPDD McITAY -! T egro Delegate to 
Third International, jfoscow. 


Acknowledgment is made of receipt of your letter of 
the 10th instant, initialed ™‘«W, to .the effect that Claude !'c;:ay^| 
negro Delegate from America to the Third International is about 
to leave Copenhagen on his return to the United States, in reply 
you are informed that every precaution -Till bo taken to see that 
this man is carefully examined should he arrive at the port of 




■ 


viSSfcr 



a 


- 7 -20 










r &r> 


s 













WM % J. BURNS 
DIRECTOR 


; ' i 



IsjrarfmBnt nf gusittB 

— Bureau nf gimsiig-jtion . ; 

BJa*kmgton,g.ffl. 

. March 12,1923. 

Mr* C. D. McEean. ■ 

^° ffica Box 523, 

Baltimore, Md# 

Dear Sir: ’ 

effect that Claude p f lnfor ®tioc : *t5-=<ths. 
from America to the i'hi?d St ne f° delegate 
1«V. Copenhagen on h^.JSS' i.VS.l! 

oajiy inetSoUoJS'JM 1 !,*" I“! =”>««* 
International to the Co«^ i r ° t ?. t,s Communist 
gather with a eo nsi derailed titts °°' a “try, to- 
therefore desired that Sould h? 30Dey 6nd “ la 

st^.rss: sw f ssr.££is 


Very truly youre. 
/Director# 



. , : ‘CwT2^ : ' 



wBp. 


£7- 3 VV 7 -p/ 




.0 


J 


#rno»L cbhhvkkotwii 

The srcficrART or ctaic 

B. C. 


■ o 



1 1 


Department cf State 

WASHINGTON 

March 17 # 1923. 


Dear Hr. Sums: 

Under date of March 8, the Deportment received 
a cablegram from the American Legation at Copenhagen 
to tho effect that CLAUDS EA2C3Y was reported to be 
leaving for the .United States with instruct! uns to 
. organize a colored Soviet. The Department immediately 
requested the* legation to forward more definite in- 
formation as to the vessel and date of departure. 

Under date of March 15, the Legation replied itf 
effect that they were unable to ascertain facte con- 
cerning Mackey* s departure but learned that a 3olsh'evik 
agent of this name was recently ordered to proceed to 
The Hague from ITorway. It is the opinion of our people 
abroad that if this agent is Claude Mackey, he will 
probably attempt to enter the United States via thd 
West Indies. ^ 

; Any further information which is received relative 



William J. Burns, Esquire, 
Director, Bureau of investigation:,' 
Department of Justice, . . 

Washington, D. C. 


. ipFFICE or 

SPECIAL AGENT IN CHARGE 


Telephone. Brcada ay 4563 
Poet Office Box 663 


^Department of Justice ' 



March 17, 1923, 


William J. Burns, Esq. , 

Director, Bureau of Investigation, 

Department of Justice, * 

Washington, D. C. 

x 

Dear Sir:- Be: Claude McKay, Kegro Communist. 

Since receiving your letter dated March 10, 

1923 initialed TPB-J, I_hayo__aacur ed a c opy_a£, the 
maga z i ne c alled ,r Soviet Russia B i ctorlal w ,.fs s ue of 

V3^?hJO.,£2.3 , suppus. e.d ___to_be_t he_joiilcla] oxganZqJjthe 

-_Erl.ends^f^nv-i-e4i^UBSia--publishe-d--at- T 201JiVj L _ 13th~^'tr. . 
fle w Yor k. Q 3n page 4 8~& f this publication, I findTa" 
photograph of Claude McKay and a photographic copy of 
same is enclosed. 

Points of entry in this district have been 
notified and should subject endeavor to enter, this office 
will be notified. 



;• ,;V\* : 


Very truly yours, 



Special Agent in Charge, 


Acting. ' 


XKOnOCS AT COMMUNIST IXTEflXATlOXAl* 

Two American negroes. Claude Mackay (at extreme left of photograph) and J. Billinas (at 
extreme right). discussing the calling of an ail- negro conference at Moscow. San Katarama. 
the Japanese Socialist. Is seated neat to Mackay 




% i 

mmm *r 


- .« ; 

V* 




f . . 

/ , 
> 


A- 


u 


• tm 9 

‘ ' V/ 


ft/ 


O- 

World /-**-— 


AN AMERICAN *' OBSERVER '* AT 
THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL 


IN 'MOSCOW: MAX KASTMAN, 

Radical Infer. 1.1. Ctafe McKay , Secy Poet. Who Watched 

b ration o? t* « Krvohitson in : ■■ 



*i®h. .... . ' .■•; ' m ■ . ::j~ ir^ 


■ - r“* :v:i- .•r.-'jy'." ” v 


This case origiimt. . at Cleveland, Ohio* ‘ Journal? o to be made at orig* ofj 


REPORT MADE AT: 


DATE WHEN MADE: ; PERIOD FOR WHICH MAOE: REPORT MADE BY: 






-.4 

-v! 




Cle veland f Ohi o 1 5 /l 9/»23" ! 37l9/*23 


J. V. HYAN 


ONLY.ll 

■•aiisa 


TITLE AND CHARACTER OF CASE: 


CLAUDS 

// 


FACTS DEVELOPED: 


E lie KAY 


ComrauniBt legro DGlegate^rom —S 

American to the Third International*^! 

Cleveland File No* 


Reference is made to Director’s letter dated 



March 12, 1923 # initialed TFB*J in above matter*. ' 

Through, a confidential source, I have learned 
that CLAUDS LlcKAY, Kegro Communist Delegate from America to the Third International* 
is said to have returned to this country over a month ago* He has been seen in 3® 
Land School and at the WOHKEES PASTY headquarters, 799 Broadway, New York City, but^lt 


nothing has been heard of him lately j and his present whereabouts are unimown* 

If any. further information should be received ,«*#- 
. . relative to subjedt the Bureau will be promptly advised* i|| 



Gt - 3V 9 7 -3$ 


k. 










Dear Hr* Burns : 


I enclose herewith copy of a self-explanatory 
*. report together with enclosures which were tranc- 
. 'mittedL to the Department by the American Minister 
at Biga f relative to the American negroes who 
attended the Fourth Congress of the Third International* 





William J* Burns, Bsquire, 
Director, Bureau of Investigation, 
Department of Justice, 

Washington, D* C. 


i 

i 




iif 

• •> -I 


, Office of 
SPECIAL AGENT IN CHARGE. 


;r- 


JDcpartmcntof Ju^ttce 

bureau of llnbcstigation 

Federal building 
Milwaukee, Wis. 


- - ;~T-5 


Telephone, Broadway 4565^jJjj 
Post Office Box 663 


- - ''-'.X'PZzi 

- - : - V? 


March 17.,' 1923, 


William J. Burns, Esq., 

Director, Bureau of Investigation, 
Department of Justice, 

Washington, D. C. 


Dear Sir:- 


Be: Claude McKay, Kegro Communist. - x ’ -3 


Since receiving your letter dated March 10,. 

1925 initialed TFB-J, I have secured a copy of the 
magazine called "Soviet Russia Pictorial" issue of 
March 1923, supposed to be the official organ of the 
Eriends of Soviet Russia published at .201 V/. 13th Str. , 

Kqw York. On page 48 of this publication, I find a 
photograph of Claude McKay and a photographic copy of 
same is enclosed. 

Points of entry in this district have been 
notified and should subject endeavor to enter, this office 
will be notified. ,._Jj 

Very truly yours, 13 

LEWIS E. SAWYER^ 

. . < j . Special Agent in Charge , Acting. * 



. € 1 - 1 ^ 7-37 



'i'iiis ca-'e originated at the bureau. 

Journa to bo made at originating ’fice ONLY. 


REPORT MADE AT: 


Baltimore, I-. 

:d. 


DATE WHEN MADE: PERIOD FOR WHICH MADE: REPORT MADE BY: 


1 


TITLE AND CHARACTER OF CASE: 


- CLAUDS l!oEAY 
( Color ed ) 

FACTS DEVELOPED: 


communist 

(Delegate to Third International 


ATTENTION - KB .HOOVER - 2. 
Balto. Pile 


AT BALTIMORE, HD. 


Defer ence is made to Bureau letter noted below. In 
aocor dance therewith notices were left at the following offices 
with the request that this office be notified in the event that 
subject comes under their observation: 


Immigration Service - For use of Boarding Officers. 

Customs Service - * 

U. S. Shipping Commissioner - " " " Deputy Commissioners. 

U.S. Shipping Board; Sea Service Bureau - For use of Agents. 
Local Police Department - For general lookout purposes. 


In the event that any further information comes to the 
attention of this office which would tend to locate subject, the 
Bureau will be immediately notified. 


CONCLUDED. 








Dear Hr* Borns: 

I enclose herewith copy of a self-explanatory 
_ report togother with enclosures which were trano- 
.'mitted to the Department by the American Minister 
at Biga, relative to the American negroes who 
attended the Fourth Congress of the Thir.d International, 





William J, 3urns, Ssquire, 

Director, Bureau of Investigation, 

Department of Justice, 

Washington, D. 0, 

i * . 

# • i 

i 

i 




V- 


O' 


Tho two principal negro delegates wero J. Billings, chiof 
of tho delegation, ana Claude Uackay, his assistant* I do not 
fcnow their ages, but I am enclosing herewith reproductions of 
two photographs, one token from the Sew Yor«c ^inies of 
Docember SI, 19 £2, shoeing Claude Kccfcay and I-ax Rastman, and th< 
other from the February number of Current history, in which both 
Uackay and Billings appear* An American vho recently arrived 
here from Hoscow saw Liackay there and describes him as being a 
typical black American negro* It is stated that ho is a poet 
and writer* From tho photograph of Billings, it weald appear 
1 that he is of tho mulatto typo* I have been unable to & tain 
tho full names of the other two negro delegates, Johnston ana 
Sayesh (or Sascha), nor can I givo you a description of thorn. 

It is very doubtful if any of the delegates had American 
passports* Numerous American citizens have recently proceeded 
to Soviet Russia without passports, having only certificates 
issued by Bolshevik agencies in the United States, such as tho 
"Society for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia” and "Kuzbas’ • 










i ' i 

■\.;\ 


n - '? 

■'-*.■■; M . 
, - . { 


CL 


*-•■•*• — ' ' - -— 

T11 5*^ Caf5e originated at the 

Jota^ra to bo made at originai?£ag f^fioe ONLY. ' V 



REPORT MADE AT: 


Baltimore, Md • 


• i 


DATE WHEN MADE: : PERIOD FOR WHICH MADE: 

Mar . 23 , 19 2S Kar .20,1923 


TITLE AND CHARACTER OF CASE: 

CLAUDE ilcKAY 
(Colored). 

¥: 


lvZj 



COMMUNIST ;• ' 

(Delegate to Third International 


FACTS DEVEy&PFO: 


ATTENTION - MB'.HOOrgt - 2. 
Balto. Pile' 


at- Baltimore, ijd. 


Deference is made to Bureau letter noted below. La 
accordance therewith notices were left at the following offices 
with the request that this office be notified in the event that : r-M 
subject comes under their observation: 

Immigration Service — For use of Boarding Officers. 

Customs Service - • n n n n n 

U. S. Shipping Commissioner - n rt " Deputy Commissioners. 

U.S. Shipping Board; Sea Service Bureau - For use of Agents. 

Local Police. Department - For general lookout purposes. 



In the event that any further information comes to the 
attention of this office which would tend to locate subject, the 
Bureau will be immediately notified* - 






CONCLUDED. 


/'> •*/ .■ 
■ ’»!=: 


6/ , 3H q 7 ^o 












ITiSjGA 


Uoroh £l^, 19 £ 3 , 


** r « Bronr.un, 

■ 0. Box i 4 1 # 

H&1JL station, 
Uovi ^orii City# 

Bear Sir;- 




? an ? oW * n roooipt of a eccciursie- tlon fron 
otate nop.rtment to the of foot that Inf or^tlonh- 

i 4 ^ - ... ... iiuui Uition Hi-. i 



« ■* nuo niiyui LHci 

been raceiveu from tho Aiborics-n t q ^u 


on u t Copenhagen 


g^nsrss: - r.o. a «T^v* ars*. 

Sls-.o loparJnInt l ! l brond n iflft 0 ff l !'h. r0prtS . 01 ' t ' illTeo the 

Wafe*» ^ V4^T^8S\?« 

Cloaca -lve thi. rutter appropriate attention. . 
v 6 ry tx^^^urs # 

root or# • ' * ■ - 


£ 7 - 3^9 7 c^erj-^cw-^ 







TFBjCA 



Xurch £4, 19L3« 


2Ir« K. j. Brennan, r - • 

?. 0. Box 141, 

^ity KgII station, v 

Iiov York City* f . /' • . . » 

t i> 

leur Sir:- , , ■ • 

«ith further re fore n co to C2^UlxOl&Ci3Y t - 
negro delegate from America to the 3rd International, 

1 am enclosing herewith copy of a report submitted by 
Agent Hyan at Cleveland, on the 19th instant, in ro 
tluckey. 

Your particular attention is invited to the 

% • m 

statement therein that through a confidential source 
information h.'.o been obtainod that llackey has been seen 
at the Hand School and at the Workers Party headquarters 
in iiew *ork City within tho past month* 

9 

Vory truly yourc, - * 

, 

Afreet eir. y 



47-3V9.7 -// 


• 7-T^ZF 


WM. J. BURNS 
DIRECTOR * 




~IEB:GA 


$£pa;rtmrnt ni § usiiat 

Thirran nf ^nursiirjntion 

TOaalringlim, g. CL - 


March 26, 1923* 


Mr* C* D* McKean t 
P. 0* Box 523^ 
Baltimore, Md* 


Dear Sir:- 


Beference is made to previous correspondence 
concerning one CLAUDS LACKEY, a negro representative 
from America at the 3rd International at Moscow, who is 
reported to be returning to the United States. 


Information has just been received through the 
State Department frofii the American le gation at Copen hagen, 
to the effect that Claude Mackey was r e po 1 e a v - 
ing for the United States with instructions to organise 
a colored Soviet. The Legation was requested to forward 
more definit e inform ation as to the v essel ana gate of 
•^~de-part ure' and h as now replied that they were__unab_le— to 

^_ ac ts concerning Mackey's departure butJLe&rned 
that a B olsh evik ag ent of t h ls ~~ha me^ was^exenrtXy~~or d e r e d 
to proceed to The Hague from iTorwayy 


iB__the_ o pinion of the State Department repr e - 
^sentat ives abroad that if this agent i s Claude Mackey he 
will — probably attempt to enter the Cnited^STates via .vest 
Indies. 


Appropriate action should be taken with a view' 
to giving this subject a very thorough examination should 
he attempt to enter the o n ited States through the district 
covered by your office. 


Very truly yours. 



rector. . 




■TiBsGA 


it 


Barch £6, 1813. 


Br. Xawrenco lothornian, ' 

?• 0. P 02 : 3165, y • 

0 a t on f 1 lux u • < 

- ^ « # 

Boar Sir:- . ‘ , , ’ 4 

Deference is, made to previous correspondence 
concerning one CLAUDS UaC^Y, a pogro representative ' 
iron America at the 3 rd International at 5 -icscow who id 
reported to bo returning to the United states. ’ 

, T-, Information has just been received through tho 

ota„e Lepurtncnt *rcn tho American Legation at Copenhagen 
to tho ofxoct that Claude Lla ckoy was reported to bo } e-w- 
ing for tho United States with instructions to org-'tfii-e 
a colored Soviet. Iho Legation was requested to' forward 
more definite information as to the vessel and date of 
departure and has now replied that tho? poro unublo to 
fta certain facts concerning ttuekey's departure but learned 
that a -iolchovii: agent of this nano was recently ordered 
to proceed to the Hague from Lorway. v 


It is 

dontutivos 

will probably attempt to enter tho 
Indies . 


the opinion of tho State Department repre- 
abroad that if t.-.is agent is Claude !!uci:oy, he 

United States via .<cst 


^ 4 , Appropriate action should be taken with a view 

to giving this subject a very thorough examination should 
ho attempt to enter the United States through the district 
covorod by your office. 4 


Very truly yours, 

■ ,,^7—y'vZ 

Director. 


■ \ 
1 




61 - 7 W? 


m.. 


office, or 

SPECIAL AGENT IN CHARGE 


department of Justice 

bureau of 3fnbe^ftgation 

13 Park Row, 14th Floor 

New York, N. Y. 


March 2 7th ,19 23. 


DIBECTOP, 

Bureau oi Investigation, 
Department oi Justice 
Washington, D.C. 


Dear Sir:- 


TELEPHONE. BARCLAY 8160 4 

poet office box 

Ci nr Hall Station^ 




w; 

9| ‘ }s 

;/V 

5«Ar- £>>. ' 




PE: CLAUDS MACKEY. 

Communist (Negro ) 

Delegate' to Third International. 


^ Replying to bureau letters dated March 24th 
initialed T*B:GA, both reierring to the above subject 
wish to call your attention to report 02 Coniidential 
informant lor Marcji 16th re "Wo defers Party 01 America", 

in wuen he states that Housewood and MacKey had returned. 

nt ?? 8 not as ? et seen CLAUDS McKAY, but 
E>. J^wjOD l. taxes t^at he and ITcKAY returned thru the port 

continued^ £DOllt ^ £rcd Srd * This investigation is being 


*ours very truly. 


GJS: VD 



X. 0 * DOMN SLL 


Acting Special Agent in Charge. 








^ v" - >■ " * ; : 7 & : ££ 





1 


*•* MMintr *f IMTt 


• o 


- 

In reply refer to 
U-2 


Department of State ' 


WASHINGTON 


Dear Sir. Burns* 

I- enclose herenlth ccpy of a despatch Ho. 476, 
dated torch 2. 1923. .hlch has hecn received free ’ 

.the American legation at Si e a, relative to an article 
ly Trotsiy published in the tosccw "IZVZSTIAf Ho. 34 
of February 16, 1923. in nhlch he answers certain ’ ' 
quest lens propounded by the American ne e ro Communist. * 

. ■ This for your information and as belns of possible 
interest. 


I Enclosure : 

despatch Ho. 476. 


Very truly yours. 


William J # Burns, Esquire, 

Director, Bureau of Investi E atlon 
* • • * 
Department of Justioe, 

Washington, D. C. 



’ ATTENTION MR, HOOTER Case originated Director* Journal to be cade 
by originating of fi c ONLY. 


REPORT MADE AT: 


DATE WHEN MADE: ' PtWOO FOR WHICH MADE: REPORT MADE BY. 


Houston, Texas \4/l/l923 ; 3/l7-30/l925 | A. C# SULLIVAN 


TIT 1 E P A CTE R 


CLAUDS MACKS Y : COPENHAGEN, DENMARK : RADICAL; I&GHO REPRESENT AT IVE 

(Claude McHay??} : : AT 3rd INTIMATION ALE, 

; AT HO sea* , RUSSIA. _ 


FACTS DEVELOPED: 


Houston Pile No. 


AT GALVESTON, TEXAS. 

On March 18th, 1923, Agent received letter of instruction 
from Agent in Charge T. B. White, Houston, Texas, to effect that the 
surveillance and examination of above named Subject was desirable 
should he attempt to enter the port of Galveston, Agent in Charge 
White being at that time in receipt of following from the Director: 

n I am in receipt of information to the effect that 
Claude McXay, Communist negro delegate from America to the 
Third Internationale, is about to leave Copenhagen on his return 
to the United States. 

It is possible that this subject may carry instructions 
and documents from the Communist Internationale to the Communist 
in this country, together with a considerable sum of money, and 
it is therefore desired that should he endeavor to enter the 
United States thruugh the territory covered by your office, that 
he be given a very careful examination, and the Bureau promptly 
advised." 

Upon receipt of such instructions Agent at once conferred 
with official heads of U.S. Immigration Service, U.S. fustoms Service, 
U.S. Public Health Service and the Sheriff’s and Police Departments 
at Galveston, with result that all of such officials gladly offered 
their cooperation toward the purpose above st a te^ f write lNTHESESPAGes 

On March 31st, 1923, . 

-r ; •' #•/ - 

Agent again received instructions 
from Agent in Charge T. B. White) 

Houston, Texas, to the effect that: 

_fnrthGr_spe cifio— endeavor be made— far-- 




C/-3V? 7 


— / 


V*ia.W .i-U-l 


Lb 


location of Subject should ha endeavor to enter United States thru 

the port of Galveston, Agent in Charge White totter advising that 

be was just then in receipt of supplemental informati on f rom the 
Director, a s follows: 

one Claude R Mev 0S a i neSo S 7 .! 0 ^ pr9T iT oorre spondence concerning 

lateraatioiM^oa^^ho S r«orted 6 tr T ^ riCa et tk9 3r " 

United States. Inf ormnti ^ v 18 to be returning to the 

State Department from^he °A m rfcon t reo ? 1 I eii through the 

effect that Claude Mackey ^^e^t'e^to Ci ? enia « en to the 

United States with instriic+fnvf 6 ? 03:164 be 19 aving for the 
a >». a w 1 ■ in i ns . tr uc-tijins_to_org.ani ze a colored Soviet 

mation as** t3^eIsei a fnd e d U ?e^ *° fo f ,ar4 more definite ’inf or - 
that they were unable to ascertain -%ct? SrtUr 6 £U ? 4 1188 nov ' re Pli 8 d 
ture, but learned that a Bolshevik feint S Uackey ' s d9 Par- 

ordered to proceed to The EaSe Iro^w^. ^ r609at1 ^ 

abroad that if this ° agent “i^cia^^®^ Dap ^ rtment representatives 
tempt to enter the United States via West 'indies^ 1 pTobably at_ 

this Subject r a P very S thorough S ex^n b ti t&k:e h "i? a nem to E iTin S 
the United States through the District ^ c^vere^b^y^^o^ice."^ 937 

Upon receipt of the second set of instructions, as above 

Agent at once took up by telephone with all federal officers at 

Galveston requesting their cooperation and. likewise, with all local 

officers who could be reached. Agent has now under way the prepara- 

^^cuf^S^cojiijs^of such Informa tions regarding s ubject, that is to 
^aj^e_mater^^ r ^ lrom 3aaM , Bh i c h 

huted with all Federal and other officers here ^IngTo^do^ith 

H^ever. since Agent first receive, 
information from Heston office relative to Object, there basket 

been any indication that Subject has attempted to enter the United 

States through either Texps Citv ^ n i « 4 

Ias °i z y or Galveston, Texas* 

r pprOVCd & hf^-. 

T. B. WHITE, 


COiJTIBUED. 




^:A3. Sr, ' !,rtmr «“ f3 “»‘te. 

SiOTattnfJirurgitgaitatt. • 

^ Box 696, ) 

(. Hew Orleans, let.. ~ ~ 

April 7, 1923". 

Washington, D. C. 

ear C>ir ' -Attentio n: Mr. Hoov^-s 

Heplying to previous correspondence concerning 
one CLAUDS UACKSY, a negro representative from America at 
the 3rd international at Uoscow. who is reported to he 
eturning to the United dtate Si beg to advise that this 
■natter has been given attention, and should he arrive 
through any of the port's in this District, a report on 
same will be made and forwarded to the main office. 

iujfa. y 



George ’Si' dhant'o'n, K 
Agent in Charge, 


5 * 7 / 



jt 




April 9 f 19-3 




jse/lkr 





Mr* W* L* Parley, 

Department of State, 
Washington, L.C* • 

My dear Mr. Hurley i 


r 



I hare received from you a copy of a dispatch 
frcrsi the -knericnn Legation at Co-'enhagen dated ^aroh 8, 
1923, No* 375. I note the statement made therein that 
in an ooen letter which recently appeared in "irvestia*, 
Trotsijy has published the official instructions given to 
Mac 'toy for the organisation of the blade race in tfcs 
United State 8* ~ " 


I am wondoring whether it would be possible to 
secure copies of this lotter and, if it is, I shall be 
Tory glad to have one of our translators m &ke a transla- 
tion of the article referred to* 


V.»ry truly yours, , 




jf 


fl-Wt 7 


- 0 





Department of State 

• WASHINGTON 


April 10, 1925. 


Deer Ur. Burns: 

The following is a no to which* appeared in the 

Russian Soviet Proas Review Ko. 308 of February 15, 
y 

1923 : * • 

"Prom L'oscow. Soviet Press has published 
« . . 

Trotzky’s interview with Kegro Communist Delegato* 
Ur* Claude Hockey. Discussing presont state of 
llagro Race, Trotzky strongly objected to tho use 
of Kegroos in European wars stating thy f by 
x using black troops European Bourgeoisie thus 
* demonstrates its own rottonoss and weakness. 
Trotzky lias suggested to ilackoy some of the prac- 
tical measures which will provont employing 
nogro troops in futuro wars." 


Very truly yours. 


William J. Burns, Esquire, 

Director, Burouu of Investigation, 

• * 

•r'T." * *■ • 

^ Dopartmont of Ju3tico, 

” Washington, D. C. 


mf. 






Department op state 

WASHINGTON 

April 13 t 1923. 



Boar Hr. Burns: I 

A 

With reference .po your letter of April 9, initialed , 

jvh/UIR, relative to'Claude Ikickay, 1 "ish to advise you 
that information which has just been received is to the j 

effect that ilcKoy is about to leavo for America. » 

• Trotsky apparently has gor.e so far as to advise him 
by means of an open letter, in the *’ 1 ZV- 3 TIA' 1 (photostat 
copy of which is enclosed) of the best ways of rousing . » 

the negroes against the v^.ite races, whether tnose ere 
. Anoriccn, British or french. 

It Is reported that he has finished his studies in 
the Bolshevik proparynda acadcny in Aussie, end has been . 

charged by the Srecutivo Coral t tea of the "bird Inter- _ 
national with the duty of organizing Communist propaganda 
enong tho ilorth American negroes. # * * ■ 

Tho source of tho foregoing information has requested . • 

that it be kept secret and discreotly used. . ? 



William J. Burns, h'squire, 

~ Bircct’o •, Bureau of Investigation, 
Bepartinont of °ust ico # 





.attention — r. r-oover-^. 



Reference is made to Bureau letter, TF3 : GA . , dated 
Eareh 26, 1925., in which it is reported that the above named 
subject was returning to the United States via 'Jest Indies. 

In this connection Agent called on Ira A. V/idler, 
an d 

Inspector of Customs, /A. 1. LIcCaskell, Collector of Customs, 
who assured Agents that the subject matter would receive 
arpropriate attention and that this office would be notified 
in the event LIACE3Y endeavored to disembark at this port. 

The matter in question was also taken up with the 
Postmaster and Col. George E. Bunker, Commander of the American 
Legion, who will likewise report to this office in the event 
MACICSY'S whereabouts becomes known. 

This case will be considered closed unless further 
developments arise as to LIACEBY’S whereabouts in this district. 




' Bo. ^ I Q 



fe v - 


NHAGEN ' 

Ooponhocsh^^ril 

v 


% ' * v u;^?; -. 


A trur.* copy cf 
Ihcticn*^ 

§Li 

/ 


< 


- 


■ ;.r~£ 4 V 


Tho honorable 

5ho Secretory of Stoto, 


Vtochincton# 


* . 


Sirs 


:'&S 


j£~ - - 


I have tho honor to report, referring to tho !©• 

Cation* 3 telegram Uo« 7, Kerch 15, 3 p*ia*, that 1 hc\o 

today received o com- uni cat! on from the Donich Forcinn 

Office, thich reads Eub stunt icily es follows* 

Vrho Hints try for Foreign iff circs hue the honor , 

to inform tho Location of tho Uni tod Uiotoo that tho 

• *• 

Uoniiih ‘"state Folic o finds no peruon of tho not* of 

Clcudo Kcckcy rc-slctorcd in thoir boolin an having on- 

tcrdl borcork, and that, uoeordinrj ^to tho boat of thuir 

knowlod-'sO, no nerro holi‘irC_en. .teieric. r, n. 

i * | ( ' ‘ T '* . j 

l-Jrr — -a*. * < tn .n-n M Ht fMrt i-.„. . »na - - 


* 

-1 

5 

4 

•5 

3 

J 


- tu****.-^ w 






••Tjvv 

f "iioroovor, tho Joniah Legation ot Tho Hague has 
• • '* !*v *• 

litforfccd tho *orcigh Of lice hero thot during tho puot. 

/ % 1 

yoor no Jonioh ouibority, authorised to grout vicos, 
hea permitted any negTO to' enter Jenmarle under a visa* 
Six rnontho ego tT 70 negroes, ooicing from Coblenz, calling 
tbcnoelveo musicians by profonoion, repeated vioao 
at tlio Monish Legation at Tho Hague, v:hich tvore refused 


thorn* 


I hove tho honor to be, Sir, 
Your obodiont servant. 


"• John Dynoley Lrinoo# 






3 * 


IjaSTiOlUXIOin 


, IVj^D l l r.0u AC'HIJG SPECIAL AGHiiT III CHARGE L. E. SAWYER 


Originated at Y/ashingt' Bureau - *'ilw. Bile 


REPORT-MADE AT: 

Milwaukee, VYis. 

j DATE 

» 

Uay 

WHEN MADC: PERIOD FOR WHICH MADE. 

1,1923 .Apr. 2 0,1923 

REPORT MADE BY: 

Earl L. Dole 

TITLE AND CHARACTER OF CASE: 

3LAUDE licEAY 


Communist Uegro Delagate to Third 
International Communist Party of 
America. United Activities. 

FACTS DEVELOPED: At SaUlt 

Ste 

Claris, Ilich. 



Reference is made to letter from the Director dated llarch 10, 1923 
Initialed TP3:J t also to report of Special Agent L. E. Sawyer, Liilwaukee, 
vith which was enclosed copy of photograph ’of subject obtained by the 
Milwaukee office. 

R. H. BROWIIDYES, Inspector in Charge, U. S. Immigration Service, 
federal 3ldg. , Sault Ste Harie, Hich. stated that the Immigration 


nspectors under his charge have been instructed to keep a sharp lookout 
’or subject since receipt of letter from the Milwaukee Bureau Office 
nclosing copies of photograph of subject, but to date there have been 
iO developments. 








HcVk »*■•*» w 4T * Tt 

HUtUMlMI. «»• •• 




Department of Stats 

WASHINGTON 

liay 12, 19?3» 


• poar Ur* Bums: 

Please refer to your letter of February 10, 1^-3, lnitUl 

!B ,„ ,. r . rt .. 6 . ?' »• »•"“*>» “=“*• " 

■«»«« «-*»• *«■>• “ “ r “” h 

• Congress of ths International, Sasha or Sayesh. 

I have recently teen advised ty the legation at nigo that a 

v«e, vron c&used by various wsys of 
.groat amount of confusion has been caused y 

• p-idtr— te due to tiie variations whi ch 

spelling the name of tnis del-G- * 

.. the nz ~ 0 frea Russian to English script, 
con occur in transcribing tne ns.o 

. c , t, p S'svesh, and Sascna. From all the a 
It has been rendered w«-.sha, S^y * 

tv^red it appears that all these renderings refer 
information gathered, it append 

■ •»» — i. »«•* *■ “ ““ *•”•*•*• 

Ih. fact l!»t U apef •>»»• »* »=““>*» f " • 

wrtnTd make it seen most lively that 
Kaonc the incrican negroes, would oaxe 

he sj^oXe as an /caericcn* 

//I lf /? 


*7111 lsn J. Burns, Esnuirc, 
pjrcctor,* bureau of Invent! aco , 
peportnent of Justico. _ 


190 - 1 78 1 ' 


* *<i 





Juno 1, 1925. 

• Dear Mr. Burns: 

V/lth reference to previous correspondence relu- 

• tivo to Claude Maokey, tho well known negro agitator, 

I enclose herewith copy of Despatch No. 411, dated 
April 25, 1923, which has been received from the 
Amorican Legation at Copenhagen. 

Furthor information which has just been ’received 
from London is to the effect that Mackey, having passed 
through the Propaganda and Agitation School in Moscow 
will shortly leave for America carrying on propaganda 
among the coloured elenont. 

I am in possession of photographs of this individ- 
ual which will be transmitted, to you as soon as I am able 
to have copies made. . # * 

v Enclosure: 

Ho • 411. 

William J. Burns, Esquiro, 

Diroctor Buronu of Invcstiga 
Dopurtmont of Justice. 

Wa c h i i ip t oir^D . • C • 




FLP-H * - . , 

This cage originated at i\ cLL e 1 g II 


Journal to ee made at originating office ONLY-i^ 


REPORT MADE AT: 

DATE WHEN MADE: 

PERIOD FOR WHICH MADE: 

REPORT MADE BY: 

. . .. -tJzL 

Charlotte, H. C* 

6/15/23 

6/11/23 

F# L* Parker 

' *3* 


TITLE and CHARACTER OF CASE: 

CLAUDE' HACZEY (negro) 
(Also ^pelled McXay) * 


77 

FACTS DEVELOPED: 


RADICAL 


Charlotte file 1 
ATTENTION - MR. HOOVER - 2. 


At Charle ston. S. G« ' - - ; i 

^ . ■ ■ ■ i . ■ < — — — — » - 

Reference is ma de to Bureau letter dated 3/26/23, ‘initialed 
TFBiGA, reporting that C1AUIB UACZEY, negro radical, vms returning^ 
to the United States , via West Indies. ’ Lg 

In this connect ion , . Agent called on C* 0* Brown, Inspector i 
of Customs, who stated that appropriate attention would he given 
by that Department, and this Office notified in the event MACZEY 
endeavored to disembark at this port* 



•, .. • r „ ^ . • ;-n? , . 

“• i • - - :5AJX' ■ •“ ■ •- & . 7T ‘ • 7 


-£ 1 - 3 ^ 5 ? - 






Kr« V; .L .Hurley , 
State :ocpt* , 
Washington* 


heaJr ]^r •Huxley 



iccor&inrr 


fraa a strictly confide 
pell Imown re died of I 
to iTaropo nort aonth# 



\ 


! *r : -/’ . •"■' 

I J23a?S C. TlfOiUH 

f * v • ■., •-/:*■" ••...<•* 

' j ••• v r 

*s '■■■■ ;i : ’ -v. -iv ' ; -/i- 

J • • » . -* -f. ‘ ■ - r T-:* — * 


*5^ r.Lr OivT . i \ :,*. , 29, 19 23 . 


- > * * •+ .' . »•* ’•i 


V*-*? • \ • 

i-jt-i • « r. ^ f 
4 % *' 


•• *• ^ .*• * C ' \ ~ % £ • - - v ' " . *f •■'.j f - ^ • j; 


• > t * / - * •• v f r 


, -V V- ;• • • - ATHICAIf BLOOD B.lOTK^HOOij 

*• ; .H . -• • •• • • * •'■* • 

(Die African BLgccl Broth .-rhood baa not been active during the 
7?eek a3 a scheduled raeeting had to be celled off because of the illness 
of Grace Campbell, one of the prime aovers in the organization. 

•>; • •' • V •:«? ••• .;•• • • . 

Cyril 3rigg3 is still busy in an endeavor to put into oper- 
ation his co-operative store scheme, but appears to lack sufficient 
money to start it. 3riggs is still getting cut the "Crusader r.ervice" 
ana the issue narked for release on September 24tfc states that Claude 
fjlIcZay,. the negro poet and radical,* is at present in Gori-any for the Cru- 
sader 3ervice and that he will write his impressions and lecture on his 
return to this country. .7 >7 J-£ ^ -*t/ s . 




: - In the issue above .referred to, Briggs quotes a. letter pur- 

port lug to have been written by Leon Trotzky to IIcEay on the negro ques- 
tion. The letter in u art reads as follows : «. ~ \7 , - : .. . -i— ! -' 




: : % h ; * 19 I 

.\"; '. v *-••.'■% •-'*■ ^'-^'-"••Tlio colored worliers tfcenaelves liUa.'t offer resistance a£.*>iHi > 
belnc. 'sc employed. Their eyes rust so opened so thrVtfcey realize v,nen 
tbe’y'fcelp french iuperisliSL- to subjugate Europe tbei &ro helping to.suo ■ 
jn^S 'ttieielVee. 'ia that they, are supporting the doninstioa nf ?renob. 

in the African aid other colonies. •******"**?*-■ '■ • ' *"•••$**'• * 

i.^In Hortb. ii^-ica the matter ie further, coa-plioatcd by the 
eSaapl^ oht^onesa end caste resumption of the privileged upper strata 
of the .working class’ itself, «ho refuse to recognize their fellow r;crhor: 
Li fighting comrades’ in the negrdes. Coders' i'olicjjs founded on the 
1 esploitation’of such despicable prejudices and is at the present time 
I the most effective guarantee for the successful suojugation of nhite ana 
colored workers alike. She fight against this policy must he taken up 
I froE differ ent sides, and conducted on various lines. > 

Jinportant branches of this conflict consists in enlightening the prole- 
tarian consciousness By awakening the feel ing of human dignity, end of 
revolutionary protest, amongst the blaok slaves of American capital. As 
stated above, this «ork can only be carried. out by seW-sacrif icing anu 

I politiscliy educated revolutionary negroes. ' . ■ 

• • "liniat foras of organisation ere ioost auitcblo for the rove- 

Lnt u.oi A. ** jm *-*•».“ * ** 

j liaai Ami* tt.‘ c.naitlo.. ud ^e.lbil- 

i\ ities. ‘ 3ut the foras cf organisation nil- e 

I auff icient rill to action. ‘ *■ [ ' V \.y<*y * " ~ • - f 1 

I - -! - "3ith conn.ainist greetings, •* * •*’ *7 

•. * • •• ! . , ‘ : l. Tsornr/. * ‘ni.^ • 


■ *ec 


tji ■ i jm ^ .'it T ■ 1 ", 


rr— ^ . 






■NUT MAOC *rs 

Hew York Cit j 


gar I l"3 # " Titt»^ 




Wjr^*V-*£* ' 


;*' :'* "'*' * > Agent today visited various places in Ear Ism,-, but did^ • •.£ 

not learn anything of. value* ■■ - ,\ 

^ ; ;%v^x"uter went to- the home of Hiss Grace Campbell, 206 Vy . 

Yest 133 d street, and was informed by. her that she had received a- .^y 
letter from claude I£cZay r who is in aussia, stating that HU 88 ia bad., -. 

♦her eyes on the colored people of this country, and the colored people 
should get together ana show some spirit and form a communist Group, ^ 

and stand out from the white people, so they could be recognized. £e 
stated they would not get anything by coming up from the south and 
failing into the hands of the politicians, but should get together 
and make one mass, in ordar to get power* Ee farther stated the 
Communist Party of Eussla has a great deal of faith in the colored • ‘ 
people of America, and they should get^ a man of Garvey's type for v 

their leader. * ‘ : %' y £V; : ■: i 

farther stated he expected to be in ?ranoe in a 

few weeks, but never expected .to return to America, but would 

in touch with hial^ friends* here and keep them posted, and ^uU 

‘ .-it*' . •*. • rj -’ : * ■ ■- 'HH ’ 

'any good movement^ that might arise* .... .Ty-iK^' * : ^ 

■* r • 4 ’• -r '• * I" " • * : • ? ? sV - l : ^ri: ? ♦ •- 

. •: i was unable to secure y.v i\i : v >\%t 

- a - -V;*. * •• ■ ... • • .LLL • • - . irrri T. 7 ‘ 5 ■ 

Vcgay's address from Miss c ampb ell*. • : * : -i* l r :~ * 


>■ y fx 

*."? * •• « • • r. - ~ 


*-'-m . ' " J n - 

% 36 * ■ 


• •• • .r*-;o%- ,v- •; ‘ 7 -: ; r*s.-y:- .."V ’? 

*■ ' : ■ ' ■ * ; i? -1 y , ' " v ; ;. I Li fi \ -Vr jtf 

■ * • *: ' V - ♦ * 15 Kv^ * ^ I ! ‘- r : 

e . •* . . . ... . v.f; : ; *i J • • v 2 - - 

** \ ' - 1 - * • ; ; W-Crt ’■ > ? t 

♦ ...- ■-.••• .. If. 2 “ j. ; - -i. 


Uoj^ay's address from Miss campoe 1 ^ .. . i 

» • . ' . _ .. .' ■- * w - * - I • ■ -f y * ^ V- -* .rj^* - ♦' * .■ « ; '. i t * 

• ■ t.? - ' * * *■ - ‘ r ’•'■ . ■'T* i. u -i.! ^ ^ i ■*.?»* •*♦' ‘ r - ' r 

n . ’« .-. i . f • • . • -. ..;••• . - - -• .* *; - - 






rAC T.K«uwi : ... :V^>r*S? '^:: > "?;. 

v' • • '- ♦••• * ■■ •. .. - * . '.' ■'■' .'..r •■’ 

VVr-- ' ■' ; 7 '*. ■'V'- 7 ' • ' ’ * ' ': ■- 7, :;• -V- * ~~'K’ * • .*’ »£v 4 '’' •• '. .>.•• ..* • -.;• * • • **‘ ’ . 

>'&*£$&?•' “ •* '&?lg«nt ■ sew ii* ^•A^ Doningo on 125th Street .am 

■7 went uitb bin to the borne of Cyril Jrigga, 213 West 135tb 3tr. aid. : 

••: 'yiiie there ioningo e aid be was in Pbilt delpbla nith Otto i.. Eaiawood ;.: 
-and while there usde' a speech in one of the churches there. Ee said 
it’naa a little old church aid that it uaacrowded. He said EuisTOoi 

"' made a fine speech and succeeded in convincing his audience, and if ^ 

■•/ the o hence would a=ke one of the best organizers there is. Ee | 

said housing conditions in that city are. in had shape tod. EnisvDOO. 

*• irgat a coraittee of that church together for the purpose of celling all ^ 


.the’ local ninistars togetner to see if ti.ey couldn’t get- oe..er . 

, : c 0 ru 1 1 i one • ? [ \ } 5 v. ? . p- * *.«* : * * ' ' “ % ? • ' ' " r ; • " " * V < ? • • ' 

- *:.-y : ~ ' 77 v * 2ri «•£ said he t:ht 0~lea tit b.d s. talk ~Vta 

* ; *7 . * .. -i *. ■ . • •• , . 

| bin tud found bin a' pretty nice chap am there uss no truth in^tet^ .^ 


.-. . f “ • -•• . v* 

- . • * - . ■ -•* * -■ ' :•# '* -> > •• ■ ’ J r : 

- 7 A - •• •'* ■ * '* - ;■ */> :'\f "•• fr-r 


•-s» : *"• • : c '*i{z : Domingo said he 

;»• •. . \ 

eaw In the Chicago l^efencer thet..- 

* • V.;-r . v. v - • . . :-••• -• . -i-i- 'Ui'lh ‘H- 

Ihxboiae v&a to go to We 8t Africa* . .’■* - ‘ - 1 

’ vl:' : . : . , . ; Iioning o further v ' - 

•• •••■".' -v**L iH ?: - 

: ieaic that Garvey was gai ning ground - : v ; : • , ; ^ : - - ? ; ; : : 




sSSSMKS 


o< «»• n?~» 

eonnt-s • Ee seid Garvey le erne 4 a great ^ t 01 t 

'.«••• •*• * • the E.A.A.C.2.’ ‘I 

fc 4 time to think over tia mistakes. . *** . j 

-V 7 ' jf ~ IV'm cn irtl ng so odL reaiilts eut Garvey bes j 
la a good organist ion ana are getting 8°»_ f - . -v, ^ 

lie ability of organising. ' ^ve, in hia^ trip out , 

.eat made Vgbod many friends *bp are now billing to help him.. .. 

- '* Briggs said he had received a letter from C^e^y. 

5 ta the^feot ; that he;Ws in : Ger=any : and that he «as.to stay We ' 

:TriftT? vvxrttta* -berprr**D»^ . V "."'v 

; : ..* '•• '• » « Vif,:; *d?-~ V : - : •• “• •* * ? * ^ ' ' 

. ^ * ... •«*. * * • 

^ .:V- : * *> 

..... i -.j-i * ,-^r ’ i .j'V; '» • •-■-*■- 1 * t >*K v* v-* ••• ,' v • 5 •* *’ ' : ' ": .* 

2 * * . 4 - ■* * . . * * ' . * * * . 

. • . . ... • . ...v*.,; v *- W ~ «.* . * :.►.,.. • i'.-H # :**£**?- • •• ; = 

:■'. • Vi r '■ Si; :.•; 1 >••••:%•*; « - * v * T : . • * 

. . . • . ': ; „.- *;;... ii - r f . • V ; 1 <’ VV .5 - - 5 • - 1 * * * ’ »•- '• 

*.••.. • .: ; • ..... „ • ... -r . • ,.•■ V : r *.T> i -f •;•• »•• 7 * ’ ; - * *f; *V> *. ; ;v 

^ t* »!j i *.i ^ r »*? * ir^*- vf vi> Vv.i V"’- ; ' :1 .j *?••>; . ■ 

lii . i : ?;* V- V* ; ' c ^'f : V: r: H- f ^ 1 ?*•?':.' *•; 

^ : ' r -.1 -■ 

1 * 2 1 : v t > t’"r * *’ i < * j a*4^ • l* ••*?.* j? ^ - .;** * r. >'••> !•->;? •' *: ' ' '- - *• : : ' : • :; : “ ■' ? : .' . • ' * -. '. f ? :’ ' ‘ - 

/ '•’ '• •’. .* * ' *.v \" !* ***•’... ; . * * vi J*- .Vr • ' ' • • . • r * ?.*• = -* * - ; : •' -•♦i-’i i .•■.* 

.•; ? :.. . . w ":? ,r s.' '*•;•• .■ ••■•■ . .^ ' v: ; V s •• . 








i 

r 

* i 

i 


r 5L 



o 


o 


CHICAGO FILE UO. 

» ■' 

r t *. . . 

This -case originated at ^ Chlca Pro Bureau Off ice. 


Journal to de made at originating office ONtSr *• 


f 

REPORT MAOC ATI y 

BATE WHEN MADCi 

PEWOO FOR WHICH MAOC ; 

REPORT MAOC *Yt v ir 

*fC 

ft 

Chicago ,111. 

Jan. 18,1924 

Jan. 15-16 24 

EARL 2. TITUS 

i 

i 

* 

TIT! * AND CHARACTER OP CATC; 

AFRICAN BLOOD BROTHERHOOD 

• 

RADICAL NEGRO ACTIVITIES. 


FACTS OeVELOfEDl 

AT CHICAGO ILLINOIS: 


W 


Agent covered a meeting held at the home • of EDWARD 1. DOTY, 

No. 3638 Ellis Paris, Apr. 3, Chicago, Illinois. This meeting was called at 8:45 
P.U., and closed at 11:00 P.U. There were 13 persons present. 

In the absence of GORDON 077HNS - ME. DOTY acted as chairman* 

% 

After the regular routine of business, Ur. Doty gave a tails and in his raoarks 
stated: "That there are only two things the negro wants and that is opportunity, 
and Justice, which are fast coning to him, if he will only meet the opportunity 

when it presents itself. That this Capitalist United States has made a great 

% 

many mistakes, and on e of them is- toward the negro, hut the negro is waking up, 

and has he gar. to think. The other mistake is - toward the working man. That 

/ 

they are now trying to refctlfy themselves; that here of late they have started what 
is called the KIZJ KLUX ELAN; that the negro was driven .out of the South, as you 
knew, and they were received in the North hy the Jews, and the Catholics, and the 
Capitalists have absolutely failed, and aro now trying to get tho nsgro hack inthe 
South a-min, cut the negro has hc-jpn terrain!? 
and to awaken. That a. SANHEDRIN Conference 

is to he held in this city beginning the 

( > 

12th of February next. The African Blood 
Brotherhood, and the Workers Party will’be 



o 


Titus 


Page -2- 


. .. -■* 


well repres^ted^^eiSi# ’Je are working quietly, and sl(wly, and we will spread..., 

our propaganda* in^&ts meeting, and we will give them time to think, as we kno^r 

that ESLLY UILLEE is a Communist in his heart, but is working sloarly, and it ia" 
*» • 

this great scheme that will get the colored people to think, and join our party, 

prid in that way we will be able to get sane recognition, as we, as uonwunists, are 

• * 

nil Qf on e race ~ the human race, and we will be able to join any trade union 

# 

in this, or any other countxy, who are Communists#" He further said "Look at 
Claude llcEay in Soviet Bussia today, he is one of our group, and he is received 
with open arms, and there is no discrimination#" 

m 

MB# LOTT further said "that in this meeting of the SA2H2JRI1T, 
to be held in Chicago, it will give then one of the best opportunities to 1 start 
their propaganda that they have ever^had, and he was sure that it would have 

its effect#" < 


1 v : M[ 


I < 


vM&k 
' P*' 


< l 1 Jfc 




COHTIEUZD« 




1 t 

! ! 
> 

\' 

« 

i 


* 

1 


S3 

\ 

j'.xr ' 


January 26, 1924. 


KEi.PRAIiBin.T 
HE: CL.-jrrre :;CKiY 


. Under date of September 22; 1919 - s u bj ect 

“• rWrt<,a *" >* *“ »1*« »v.r U 

"““ 1 * r “ 01 " t0r ,1 >* "*•«"> .lordd", advocating 
extension "Msb.vis.. i» Dnl , aa Stot „ „ , ^ 

Of Obtaining "freedom" for the negro. 

In February^ 1921 be was reported as being a 
member of the editorial board of the "liberator". E e 
remained an associate editor of the "liberator" for 
several years. The "Liberator" was always a periodical 
voicing radical views and is now an official organ of 
v/or iters 1 Per,* being c.ntr.Ued snd „ 7 tll , 

organization, the -oncers' Party of America. 

In ioarch 1921, subject was reported as having 
formerly been associated with Sylvia Pankhurst in her 
work with the "Dreadnaught ". 

Subject is apparently a poet, or at least he 
Has written considerable verse. He is a mtive of 
Jamaica, British V/est Indies. She date of his entry * 
country is not definitely known, but it is 





/ 

thought he came here during thef year 1917. Ee 
lived in Hew York about two years when he went to 
London, returning apparently late in 19E0, or 
early in 1921. In July 1921 he Is reported as 
being connected with the African Blood Brotherhood, 
generally accepted arm of the Communists in the 
work among negroes. 

Subject has been extremely intimate with Cyril 

Briggs and W. Euiswoud, organizers and leading spirits 

in the African Blood Brotherhood* 

McKay’s views, beliefs, principles, et cetera 

may properly be inferred from quotations from his 

writings, and the following are shown: 

In the "Liberator” issue of June 1921 appears 

an article by subject entitled "How Black Sees Green 

and Red", excerpts from which are as follow: 

"But it is with the proletarian revolu- 
tionists of the world that my whole spirit 

revolts 

The yearning of the American Kegro especially, 
can only find expression and realization in 
the class struggle . .....hen a Negro is proscribed 

on account of his color, when the lynching feve 




seizes the South &nd begins to break'otft 
even in the North, the black race feels 
and thinks as a unit. But it has no sense 
of its unity as a class - or as a part, 
rather, of the American working-class, and 
so it is powerless. The Negro must acquire 
class-consciousness 

. In the "Crisis" a negro publication with radi- 
cal tendencies, issae of July 1921, appears a letter 
from LIcHay, excerpts from which are as follows: 

"I am surprised and sorry that in y oar edi- 
torial, 1 The Drive 1 , published in THE CRISIS 
for Llay, you should leap out of your sphere 
to nneer at the Russian Revolution, the 
greatest event in the history of humanity; 
much greater than the French Revolution, 
which is held up as a wonderful achievement 
to Negro children and students in white and ' 
black schools. For American Negroes the in- 
disputable and outstanding .fact of the Russian 
Revolution is that a mere handful of Jews, 
much less in ratio to the number oflJegroes 
- in -the_Ameri c an pop ul at ion , h ave atta ine d , 
through the Re vo 1 ulTio h . all t he p o 1 i t Teal and 
social r i ghts that we re denied to~The m^iinde"r 
the regime of the ~C z ar . " 

Prom "The liberator", issue of July 1921, the 
following: is taken, having been written by Subject. 

"ENSLAVED 

Oh when I think of my long-suffering race 
Por weary centuries desrised, oppressed. 
Enslaved and lynched, denied a human place 
In the great life line of the Christian West; 
And in the Black Land aisinher ited , 

Robbed in the ancient country of its birth, —