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My heart grows sick with hate, becomes 1 as lead, 
For ray race, my race, outcast upon the earth. 
Then from the dark depths of ray seal I cry 
Z To the avenging angel to consume 
\ The white man's world of wonders utterly: 

{ Det it be swallowed an in earth's vast womb 
/ Or upward roll as sacrificial smoke 
\ To liberate ray people from its yokel" 

Another quotation of Subject's taken from the 
December 1921 issue of the "liberator" is given. 

It is one of four sonnets written by him and pub- 
lished in that issue. 

"AMERICA- 


Although she feeds me bread of bitterness. 

And sinks into, ray throat her tiger's tooth. 
Stealing my breath of life, I will confess’ 

I love this cultured hell that tests my youth! 
Her vigor flows like tides into my blood, 
Giving me strength erect against her hate. 

Her bigness sweeps ray being like a flood. 

Yet as a rebel fronts a king in state, 
stand within her walls with not a shred 
\ Of terror, malice nor even a word of jeer. 

/ Darkly I gaze into the days ahead 
I To see her might and granite wonders there, 

/ Beneath the touch of Time's unerring hand, 

( like ancient treasures buried in the sand!" 



ness in behalf of Edgar T. Whitehead, a British 


Communiah 


In March 1922, he is reported as being a member 
of the new Board of Directors of the liberator Pub- 


lishing Company. 

In the September 1922 edition of the "Inter- 
national Youth", organ of the Young Communist 
International - English edition - appears a verse 
by Subject 'l-g as follows:^ 

"Oh, . kinsman. 1 Y/e must meet the common foe; 

Though far outnumbered, let us still be breve. 

And for their thousand blows deal one deathblow# 

What though before us lies the open grave? 

Like men, we’ll face the marderous, cowardly rack 

Pressed to the wall, dying, but - fighting back.” 

At this time Subject was apparently in England* 

He proceeded from England to Russia, where he attended 
the 4th Congress of the Third International, The 
fo llowing is q uoted from the Eoscow "Izvestia", No. 261, 
issue of November 1 8, 1922. 

11 Interview with Comrade Claude Tlackay # 


Comrade llackay is a negro educated in America. 

At the present time he is in Russia where he 
is assisting in studying the negro question. 
Comrade mackay is a journalist andrpoet, his 
speciality is agriculture. He was graduated 
♦ from an Agricultural Academy. 

In comparison with what llackay tells us of the 
situation of the "colored” citizens of the 
"freest of all Republics" the situation of the 
Jews under the Tzarist regime and even^nnw in 
Ru m a n ia would seem hardly worth attention. 

The unequal rights of the. "colored” 1 are mani- * 
fested everywhere and in everything;' In a 
university no white student will tolerate the 
presence next to him of a negro student; negro 
children are not admitted to the school for 
white people; the teachers of the negro child- 


ren are deprived of all pleasures of 'pC&lic 
life and have heroically to submit to ostracism. 

The education of negroes depends entirely upon 
the activities of so-called "white philanthropists 
mainly from the North and of their bureau in 
Cincinnati, which was established after the 
liberation of the negroes. This bureau prepares 
white teachers for the negroes who in turn edu- 
cate teachers from among the m groes. A capi- 
talist by name of Julius Sosenwald opened 600 
schools in the South and is going to open 400 
more. It is interesting to point out that the 
same Rosenwald is the founder of the magazine 
"Urban league Bulletin" • This magazine costs 
15 cents but is given to the negroes free of 
charge. Its object is to agitate among the 
negroes and prepare detachments of "strike break- 
ers" from the dark masses of negro workmen. 

' Naturally these gentlemanly Eosenwalds win the 
sympathies of negroes who, being thankful, help 
out Very often Vhen a strike breaks out. In 
j such cases they are under the protection of the 
I American police, whereas the latter prefers not 
to mix in when a lynching of a negro takes place." 

A report or an address made by him at the Fourth 

C ongress of jt he Third International is quoted from the 


Janua ry 5, 1923 edition of the "International Press 


C o r r e spondence" as fnllnv gqj 


Comrade Uckay: Comrades, I feel that I would 
rather face a lynching stake in civilized 
America than try to make a speech before the 
most intellectual and critical audience in 
the world. I belong to a race of creators 
but my public speaking has been so bad that 
I have been told by my own people that I 
should never try to make speeches, hut stick 
to writing and laughing. However, when I 
heard the Negro question was going to be 


n 


- 7 ■ - 


brought up on the floor of the Congress 1 , 

I felt that it would be an eternal shame 
if I did not say some thing., on, behalf of 
the members of ray race, {^Especially would 
I be a disgrace to the American Negroes 
because, since I published a notorious 
poem in 1919, I have been pushed forward 
as one of the spokesmen of Negro radicalism 
in America to the detriment of my poetical 
temperament .J I feel that my race is 
honored, not because it is different from 
the white race and the yellow race, but 
is especially a race of toilers, hewers of 
wood and drawers of water- that belongs to 
the most oppressed, exploited, and sup- 
pressed section of the v/o riling class of 
the world. The Third International stands 
for the emancipation of all the workers of 
the world regardless of race or color, and 
this stand of the Third International is 
not made merely^ on paper like the fifteenth 
Amendment of the Constitution of the United 
States of America. It is a real thing. 

The Negro race in the economic life of the 
world today, occupies a very peculiar posi- 
tion. In every country where the Whites 
and Blacks must work together the capitalists 
have set the one against the other. It 
would seem at the present day that the Inter- 
n ational bourgeoisie would use the Negro 
race as their trump card in their fight against 
the world revolution. Great Britain has her 
Negro regiments in the colonies and she has 
-• | Demonstrated what she can do with her Negro 
soldiers by the use that she made of them 
during the late war.- The revolution in Eng- 
land is very far away because of the highly 
organized exploitation of the subject peoples 
of the British Empire. In Europe we find that v 

France .has a Negro army of over 300,000, and 
_v^,that to carry out their policy of imperial 
'domination In Europe the French are going to 
use their Negro minions. 

In •'America we' have the same situation. The 
Northern bourgeoisie knows how well the Negro 


■ 


- ' 8 - 

’ ~ -L 

soldiers foaght for their own emancipation, 
although illiterate and untrained, during 
the Civil war* They also remember how well 
the Negro soldiers foaght in the Spanish- 
Amorican war ander Theodore Boosevelt. They 
know that in the last war over 400,000 Negroes 
who were mobilized gave a very good account 
of themselves, and that, besides fighting for 
the capitalists, they also pat ap a very good 
■fight for themselves on retarning to America 
when they foaght the white mobs in Chicago, 

St. loais and Washington. 

Bat more than the fact that the American 
capitalists are asing Negro soldiers in their . 
fight .against the interests of labor is the 
fact that the American capitalists are setting 
oat to mobilize the entire black race of Ameri- 
ca for the purpose of fighting organized 
labor. The sitoation in America today is 
terrible and fraight with grave dangers. It 
is much aglier and more terrible than was the 
condition of the peasants and Jews of Rassia 
ander the Tzar. It is so agly and terrible 
that very fewpeople in America are willing 
-to face it. ^The reformist bourgeoisie have 
been carrying on the battle against discrimin- 
ation and racial prejadice among the socialists 
and communists of America. They are not 
willing, to face the Negro qaestion. In associ- 
ating with the comrades of America I have 
found demonstrations of prejadice on the 
varioas occasions when the White and Black 
comrades had to get together: and this is the 
greatest difficalty that -the Communists of 
America have got to overcome - the 'fact that 
they first have got to emancipate themselves 
from the ideas they entertain towards the negroes 
/ before they can be able to reach the Negroes 
f with any kind of radical propaganda. .. However , 
jreR arding the Negroes themselv es, I feel that 

_ 68 the sab .lee t races of other natTons~~hare 

c 0 106 to M os c o\v toT earn how to f ig^t~ag:ain st 
the! r e xpl pit er s , the Negroes, will also come * 
to Ho s c o w * In 1918 when the" Third In t e rnalTioh al 
pabl is he d Its Manifesto and incladed that part 
referring to the exploited colonies, there were 


*1 


- 9 - 


several groups of Negro radicals in America 
• that sent this propaganda oat among their 
people. When in 1920 the American govern- 
ment started to investigate and to suppress 
radical propaganda among the Negroes, the 
small radical Negro groaps in America re- 
taliated by publishing the feet that the 
socialists stood for the emancipation of 
the Negroes, and that reformist America 
aould do nothing for them. Then, I think, 
for the first time in American history the 
American Negroes found that Karl Marx" had 
been interested in their emancipation and 
had fought valiantly for it. I shall just 
read this extract that was taken from Karl 
Marx s writing at the time of the Civil War* 
,T When an oligarchy of 300,000 slave- 
holders for the first time in the 
annals of the world, dared to in- 
scribe "Slavery" on the banner of 
armed revolt, on the very spot where 
hardly a cerftury ago the idea of one great 
democratic republic had first sprung 
up, whence the first declaration of 
the Rights of Man was issued, and the 
first impulse given to the European 
revolution of the Eighteenth century 
when on that spot the counter-revolu- 
tion cynically proclaimed property in 
} x e irthe corner stone of the new 
edifice - then the working class of 
Europe understood at once that the slave- 
holders rebellion was to sound the 
tocsin for a general holy war of property 
against labor, and that hopes of the 
future, even its past conquests were 
at stake in that tremendous conflict 
on the other side of the Atlantic." 

Karl Marx who drafted the above resolution is 
generally known as the father of Scientific 
Socialism and also of the epoch-making volume, 
popularly known as the Socialist bible "Capital” 
During the civil war he was correspondent of 

CobdpIT o,° r V ri ^ e ; In corn P an ? with Richard 
Cobden, Charles Bradlaugh the Atheist, and John 

Qn 1 ™* 6, toa f ed -S^lana making speeches and 
so roused up the sentiment of the workers of 
that country against the Confederacy that 


10 




~ -i ' 

lord Palmerston, Prime Minister, who was 
about to recognize the South, had to desist. 

As liarx fought against chattel slavery in 
1861 , so are present day socialists, his 
intellectual descendants, fighting against 
wage slavery. 

/if the Workers Party in America were really 
\a Workers Party that included the Negroes it 
)w ould , for instance, in the South, have to 
/be illegal, and I would inform the American 
j Comrades that there is a branch of the Workers 
j Party in the South, in Richmond, Virginia, 

[ that is illegal, - illegal because it in- 
cludes colored members. There we have a very 
small group of white and colored comrades 
working together, and the fact that they have 
laws in Virginia and most of the Southern 
States discriminating against whites and 
blacks assembling together means that the 
Workers Party in the South must be illegal. 

To get round these laws of Virginia, the 
comrades have to meet separately, according 
to color, and about once a month they assemble 
behind closed doors.. 


This is just an indication of the work that 
will have to be done in the South. The work 
among the negroes of the South will have to be 
carried on by some legal propaganda organised 
in the Worth, because we find at the present 
time in America that the situation in the 
Southern States (where nine million out of 
ten million of the negro populat ion' live ) , is 
that even the liberal bourgeoisie and the 
petty bourgeoisie among the negroes cannot 
get their own papers of a reformist propa- 
ganda type into tne South on account of the 
laws that there discriminate against them. 

t 

The fact is that it is really only in the 
Southern States t£at there is any real sup- 
pression of opinion. No suppression of 
opinion exists in the Northern States in the 
way it exists in the South. In the Northern 
States special laws are made for special oc- 



•o 



- 11 - 

Z a ? tJ ? 0Se against communists H and 

fn^ llst l dlril18 tde ffar " tut in the 
Soath we find laws that have existed for 

55 years under which the negroes cannot 
tadk about their grievances. The 
wnite people who are interested in their 

60 and s P e£ fc to then. If we 
send wnite comrades into the South thev 
are generally ordered out by the Southern 
oligarchy and if they do not leave they 

a 5! ff n w» a i ly ^ W ^ iFpei3, tErred a nd feathered: 
8erid black comrades into the 
South tney won't be able to get out again - 
they will be lynched and Jburned at the 

0 uS. j£S • 

1 hope as a symbol that the negroes of the 
Id will cot be used by the international 

bourgeoisie in the final conflicts against 
the World devolution, that as a challenge 
^ international bourgeoisie, who have 
really got an understanding on the negro 
question, we shall soon sef a few ne«o 

lit finest - brave6t . and 6 clean- 

est fight forces m the world - the Ee,d 

for^th 11 ? BaVy ° f Iiassla - fighting nox only 
+h» Fheir own emancipation, but also for 7 
the emancipation of the working class of 
the whole world." b s or 

This address is quoted in the Abridged Beport 
of Meetings held at Petrograd and Moscow, .November 
7th, to December 3rd, 1923, at the 4th Congress of 
Third International, under the heading THE UEGHO 
QUESTION, speakers being listed as Comrades Billing 
and Haokay. The presence of Eckay at the 4th Con- 


f^L^jh TWrd Inter n ational wa slated b^the 
• American Minister at Biga, to the State Department 


- 


•Hi 


the latter Departme nt forwardin g to this Bureau 
a paraphrase of cable message relative to same 


as follows: 


"There are now in LIoscow certain negroes 
from the United States who are taking part 
in the Congress of the Third International. 

The;; are Sayesh, Johnston, JDlaude Macliay and J. 
Billing s . The se men reached Moscow by way of 
Siberia, [Mi; ckay will stay there as chief of 
the negro^sect ^on.> The others expect to go 
back to the United States by the Siberian 
route. About December 10, they expect to 
leave Moscow. It is probably that those go- 
ing back to the United States will attempt 
to ship on vessels at Shanghai. The head of 
the delegation is Billings, who is an ardent 
Communist. He is an advocator of the policy 
that the negroes»and communists in the United 
States should take joint action. Billings 

— fid , a re sol ution i nto— the Cong ress v?h jn h 

--.was adopted . on ... No vemb e r. 2 5, ...declaring th^TT ~ — - 

1925 there is to be held in Moscow a World C on - 

— — of __ne.gr o„e_s . Tne re s ol ut ion ~al~sh oati q — — 
for the adoption of propaganda of an energetic 
' -to Tnvi'tQ neprngg l n frhft United 


— — . ~ i -V ^U V-V&.UCJ 

to_.ahopt ^the_vi„aw_s_of. _the LJChirOnternational . " 

The above would indicate that it was McKay's in- 
tention to remain in Russia. A further communication 


was .received from the State Department, quoting a 
despatch from Riga, dated December 7th, 1922, which 
reads as follows: 

"The Fourth Congress of the Third International 
given special attention to the negro 
question, having established a special com- 
mittee for the organization of joint action of * 
the American Communists and negroes against 
the American bourgeoisie. 



The following American negroes are not 

J“ r -J C - i ?, at / - ir ‘ e in the Congress: J. Billings 
Claude Lc.&ay , Sayesh and Johnston. They 
arrived in Moscow via Siberia. ^ 

Folio;, ing a statement made by Billings at 
es “ 1 ° n of November 25th, the Congress 
resolved to render the utmost assistance to 

A„!L neero , raOTe -' nent ' t0 oal1 a World Begro 
Congress in Moscow in 1923 and to begin an 

energetic propaganda among the negroes in 

iet r nr a lj ? °T? er t0 attract to Common- 

1st organizations. 


JThe Begro Co.Miss j^n^jgMslLJ nolnded t he 

■~fnd^o!?;- lone<LnG ? r-oes-and-oe rtain..ASiFican 

o Pjnman i s t s „r e s ol ved—t o_ o ik an Tz e 

- r Ppr E° s_ e of demonstr ating the sympathies 

-fOhgH^^an^ roietariat foFtK^ ^^ 63 
■^s^ ecial negro det achmen ts in the He OSy-ana- ' 

-IhririKPP^^ 

purpose! 3 ateS t0 enlist negroes for this 


United 1 ^ t! ? e S® sro dele £ation from the 
Ey' t6S 13 Billin S s « His assistant 


is 


the^nited^rf and J ° hnst °nwill return to 

12 ^ °Mc ^1 6 ^° °w°be twe en^De cemb e r *8 

wi ll remain in Haseia as President 

of the Third Inte^natL'na^- 2260 ^ 1 " 6 C0!Mlttee 
The following is quoted from an issue of the 
"International Press Correspondence", apparently a re 
print of the translation of an article by Trotzty, pu 
lished in the Moscow "izvestie" of February 15, 1923. 

"OUB P30BIEMS 

A let ter 8 S ° a thS lrefiro ^aestion. 

A letter from comrade Trotzty to Comrade McKay. 


14 


i : 

i 

i : . 


_The poet McKay, who represented the revor 

y ne g r o~e~s~art ~~t he I V".^ZorlhLC on ^^_s s 
~ ^ he^CTommah i s t Int ernSio naj^ t _re q ne s t e d , 
comrade Trotzky to answer aTfe\v questions 
regarding the straggle for emancipation 
among the negro race. Comrade Trotzky re- 
plies to some of these questions in the 
letter which we publish below. 

Dear Comrade LIcEay. 

1. V7hat practical steps are to be taken to 
prevent Prance from employing black troops 
on the European continent? - this is your 
first question. 

The blacks themselves must offer resistance 
against being so employed. Their eyes must 
be opened, so that they realize that when 
they help French Imperialism to subjugate 
Europe, they are helping to subjugate themselves, 
in that they are supporting the domination of 
French capital ,in the African and other col- 
onies. 


The working class of Europe and particularly 
of Prance and Germany, must realize that 
their own most vital interests are involved 
J.n this work of enlightening the colored race. 
/The day of general resolutions on the right 
\ of self-determination of the colonial peoples 
/ on the equality of all human beings regard- 
) less of color, is over. The time has come 
Lfpr direct and practical action. Every 10 
negroes who gather around the flag of revolu- 
i tion, - &nd unite to form a group for practi- 
\ ca ^ wor ^ among the negroes, are worth a hun- 
* | dr ® d times more than dozens of the ’resolutions 
establishing principles, so generously passed 
by the Second International. A Communist Party 
conf ining itself to mere platonic resolutions 
/ in this matter, without exerting its utmost 
energies towards winning the 'largest possible 
J number of enlightened negroes for its^ideas 
within tne shortest possible time, would not 
be worthy of the name of Communist Party. 

_ • V * *.»*•» *• 

2. There is ho doubt whatever that the use of 
colored troops for imperialist war, and at 
the present time for the occupation of German 




T7 


-15- 

.^erritory t is a well thought out and -pare - 
fully exec ited attempt of European capital 
especially of French and English capital 
to raise armed forces outside of Europe f so 
that Capitalism may have mobilized, armed, 
and disciplined African or Asiatic * troops * 
at its desposal, against the revolutionary 
masses of Europe* In this way the question 
of the use of colonial reserves for imperial- 
ist armies is closely related to the question 
of European revolution, that is, to the fate- 
of the European working class# 


3. There is no doubt whatever that the employ- 
ment of the economically and culturally back- 
ward colonial masses for the world conflicts 
of imperialism, and still more in the class 
conflicts of Europe, is an exceedingly risky 
experiment, from the standpoint of the bour- 
geoisie itself. The negroes, and indeed the 
natives of all tne colonies, retain their 
conservatism and mental rigidity only in so 
far as they continue to live under their 
accustomed economic co-.ditions. But v/hen the 
hand of capital, or even sooner, the hand of 
militarism, tears them mechanically from their 
customary environ sent , and forces them to stake 
heir lives for the sake of new and complicated 
questions and conflicts (conflicts between the 
bourgeoisie of different nations, conflicts 
between the classes of one and the same nation) 
then their spiritual conservatism gives way 
abruptly, and revolutionary ideas find rapid 
access to a consciousness thrown off its bal- 
ance . 


^ • Therefore it is of the utmost importance 
today, immediately, to have a number of en- * 
lightened, young, self-sacrificing negroes 
however small their number, filled with en- 
thusiasm for the raising of the material and 
moral level of tne great mass of negroes 
and at the same time mentally capable of* 
grasping the identity of interests and destiny 
of tne negro masses, with those of the masses 

wh ? le ? orld > and ia the first place 
with the destiny of the European working class, 


'The education 


of black propagandists 


is an 


r 


15 


-the present junat are 


revolationax v 


5, In IJorth America the matter is farther com- 
plicated by the abominable obtuseness and caste 
presumption of the privileged apper strata of 
the v/ or king class itself, who refase to recog- 
nize fellow-workers and fighting comrades in 
the negroes. Gompers 1 policy is foanded on 
the exploitation of sach despicable prejudic&s, 
and is at the present time the most effective 
guarantee for the successful subjugation of white 
and colored workers alike. The fight against 
this policy mast be taken up from differenc sides 
and conducted on various , lines. One of the most 
important branches of this conflict consists in 
enlightening the proletarian consciousness by 
awakening the feeling of human dignity, and of 
revolutionary protest, amongst the black slaves 
of American capital. As stated above, this work 
carried out by self-sacrificing and 
educated revolut ionary negroes. 

• to 

say, the work is noT7becarr ied on 
of negro chauvinism, which would 
form a counterpart of white chauvin- 
u spirit of solidarity of all ex- 


oan only be 

politically 

Heedless to 
in a spirit 
then merely 
ism, -but in 


ploited wi thout consideration of color. 


What forms of organization are most suitable for 
the movement among the American negroes, it is 
difficult for me to say , as I am insufficiently 
informed regarding the o oncrete condl t ions and 
~poss i b i 1 i t lesh 3ut~“the“ 

wnr 



soon 


“forms 
as 


condTt ions 
cTf~or gan i z a t ic n 
there is sufficient 


With Communist greetings, 

(signed) L. Trotzky" 

In an article published in the "Worker" for Feb- 
ruary 3, 1923, Subject is reported as having been 
present at a banquet of 575 delegates to the 7th or 
8th International Congress which had been going on 


— 17 - 


■ Q 

' ^ \£>. 


almost simultaneously in Moscow with that of the 

■Communist International. The banquet was apparently 

in honor of Kamenev, and other Soviet dignitaries. 

In the "liberator", issue of August 1923, appears 

a poem by Subject entitled "Hay Day - 1923" the closing 

stanza of which reads as follows: 

"Jerusalem is fading from'men's mind 

frorn its universal thrall 

Th^ ch !2 ei 2 g , Spirit of mankind: 

f j the holy day for all* 

And Petrograd,' the proud, triumphant, city. 

The gateway to the new awakening East - 
rfnere warrior-workers wrestled without pity - 

wfuid S Eo3t e of°s? rS °f ^ate. monarch, priest I 

To leatn L fh tr ? £gle * each day ' s a Pirst May 
To learn of thee to strive for Labor's Day." y 


A report from ; • New York 


under date of 


— ctober 27. ,, 19 g ^, _r.efer. s .. to th e r ec e i,p_t_of_a letter 

presumab ly by Hiss grace Campbell, S ecretary of the 
African Blood Brotherhood, fr om Subj ect, to the effect 
that the Communist Party of Ru^lThas muc h feithl^T 
_Jbhe _ colored people of America , and that they Should 
^organize and show _son^_sp irit/and form~ComMnist 
groups. Subject further stated that he expend to 

Jbe_in Prance in a few weeks, and never exp^t^tT 

” — ■- •- - 

re turn to the United St ates,, but w o^LTdle^Tn 

Wlth hi s *rioni s he re, 'and' glad ' fV' a ss 1st in 

any movement t hat might'ariseT ' — — - — - 


18 


There is attached hereto a photostat copy 
of a photograph of Subject together with ICatayama, 
Japanese Communist, William Haywood, noted i.w.V.'. 
propagandist and Rose Pastor Stokes, well known 
Communist agitator. Subject is the individual 
standing in the center of the group with his hand 
resting on the .chair of Rose Pastor Stokes. 





SV 




J&nu&jy 29 # Xj24» 



Brennan, 

***** Jiow Building 
'/or*. 


w wau wue; 






A* 


00l “ tr7 &t Pr839Ut U “ 9 - r » !» wa, i«, t here and 

o-Vthinf,- oonoeming present hereabouts. 2sr0 . , .. 





» ' • 




*• -1 >•* 


g^atimcut nf gusSae* 


TELEGRAM RECEIVED, 


"'V.'—; -T5BI 


• / A 
//-. 


Burns 


BeW York, N.Y. 
January 30, 1924 


Attention two stop telegram received stop -Claude Llackay lairt 
reported October twenty three as being in Russia stop Sent 
letter to woman here saying he was to visit France for a few 
weeks and never expected to return United States stop Last 
reported here April twenty ,vo • 


Received - 12:35 


Brennan 


/'..To Director 12:45/. 




' * . . i'-Vitv - 4 




9 7-13 




JSqjcirluunit of justice. 


TELEGRAM RECEIVED. 


v.f " ' Chicago, 111* 

o- : January 30, 1914 . 

Burns, • '\j - V’. . 

Dept . of Justice, : h. . ' • ••-.: 

- Washington, ih C . • v- • ■*' - C;\; : h‘ h h 

' ^ \ ' Two stoo Telegram recoi ; ed January twenty ninth re Claude 

^ — ... , .. . - 

V / t r u LlacXav. (Information sub lent not now in Chioarobv Wrote 


^ LlacKay. (^Inf ormation subject not now ; in Chicago^ Wrote 
article appearing in December 1923 and January 19 S4 issue 
i of the Crisis published by -rhardt Dubois is 69 Fifth 

Avenue , hew Yorh City. Llachay. also on editorial staff of . ' 

.-' Liberator, inf ormation as to present whereabouts may be 


obtained from these sources. 


Rooney 


S/-3V9 7 


5 $ 


instructions from ;ent in Charge Brennan. (p. Y* Pile no 

This -case originated at V Q\ r l vork JOURNAL TO BE MADE AT ORIG 1 1 


Journal to be made at originating office ONLY 


REPORT MADE AT: 

DATE WHEN MADE: 

PERIOD FOR WHICH MADE: 

REPORT MADE BY: 

- 

i.’ew vork City 

1/3L/2C- 

1/30/24 

James u.^mos 



TITLE AND CHARACTER OF CASE: 

in- 21: cxitrDi r.zzis (coicrro) - cei'rurisx ic?iyi'di 23 . 


FACTS DEVELOPED: 


: At i lev/ York; 


pursuant to instructions to make efforts to ascertain the 
present whereabouts of Claude ycyay, the jyegro communist representative, 
I this day learned from a confidential source that neuay^ was, _up_t o tw o 
weeks aso ^ — in_p.ari3- , — pr a n ce-, an d that he had mailed a letter from that 
^ ity to a woman in . pew York seeking financial assistance. This informa- 
tion was later verified from another source and it is* quite apparent 
that I!ci:ay is not in the United states, it is interesting to note __that 
some time ago Agent Titus, formerly attached tp this office r was advised 
that itclTay had writ ten a letter to a wo man -hare — l-n—iv-h-i. oh hp stated that 


he never intended to return to the united states. 


d~ 3 ^? 7 







instructions from ;ent in Charge Brennan. f l?. y. pile J!0' ; 

* Vue** yorlc ’ . . . : 


This case ORIGINATED AT 


Journal to be made at originating office ONL1 




PERIOD FOR WHICH MADE: . 

REPORT MADE BY* • 

. - 

MKI ! 



- i/50/24 

James' y. Amos 




TITLE AND CHARACTER OF CASE: 


RASTER 

Ti! ri: OTATOS K3EST (00£033D)> Q0VS3Z2S? ACTXVI?X33> 

• '// ' . - ■■ ' ■ - : ■ - - 



FACTS DEVELOPED! -it ]|GW V Orll J * 

pursuant to instructions to make efforts to ascertain the 

present whereabouts of Claude uciray, the. pegro cop^unist representative! 

■fL- 

I this day learnbd from a confidential source, that Ijc^ay was , up to two] 

' ’ • . • * .* * . '• # ._.d& 

weeks ago, in paris, prance, and that he had mailed a letter from that|j 

city to a woman in new York seeking financial assistance. This informal 

tion was later verified from another source and it is* quite apparent 

that ITciray is not in the United states. it is interesting to note that ? 

some time ago Agent Titus, formerly attached to this office, was advised^ 

that UcKay had written a letter to a woman here in which he stated tha* 

he never intended to return to the united states. 



ei-3 Ml - 





CO?Y/W*.>/ .*•' }, £)' 

. ^ • Poato Raotnntc, 

* , * *' Toulon, Var 

T ranoo • 

Fob 20, 1224. 

v . * 

D£ar Charlie, 

/ Didn't think yoa'd ever talk to » after the C 

moroef nf>os of =y later Berlin days and «y dnr.hin 5 off 
without a friendly farewell. Bat I «« in an *rivl s-o...i, 
un-ell :<s you kr.os'ond quite unhappy. 1 could not bs Pl° nei 

to anyone. • # 

Of course, I wanted to hear free you after I cot to 

Patio hut I know everything wen upoot and didn t * r.o/: r- 

to write. Didn't know you were deported, either, or tkc.t 

’ the B.I.i.U. bed cpecinl headquarters in Berlin. I thought 

it sis in Sfaburjj. th. in Btoloyt I oar a letter 

.eat to tfeot deed weight Petroff saying you ncre in * 

England and «<®in*. to Paris - that ww the only infection 

• • • - 

I hsd of ycu. 

I was In hospital when Clark passed through cn hie 
.oy to America. 1 v*o ouri4 ey ^ahies that hod covered 
K .y whole body and sy inoo ond I also hod a vicious attack 
of venereal 4ia«aao. But to the wstonlsh.cent of the tester 

l recovered within a south. By ankle vac •««« 1 

lie-pins in ir.y left foot. They thought that feet r.o^i be 
i„ n bad shape for . long Ur*. but I pulled through ovk. 


m »; .... 


* 


i 



. - "V**” 


• . (J 

* . • • 


• • • • -il-ag 

' P . a „0®1 FW< ’ OUIlns v 

*n4no%~ •*• « d • Bttt ^lately • ^ 

, ' C; M56 *«*» on *y bro*n Wll> * r • f 

U > u0 '- “ . , . V . B HJ W fltto P*®*** ■ *;<, 

1 ^ ° Ut ^ l ‘ 0S? ^ bad ' ^ little r.trongth otorod up . , - 

around cnru-^s ^ ^ ^ nnd « *«>«* * - ; 

% * n *ZZZ~. ~ ,m 

M y. W. gjyant «*«« and 6 °^ ~ • j« 

K e with * coush uni t* hs . i love 

. . werlte for ^ coupx- ^ 

hero to ours It roB „ r itln?. a narrative 

It and «MXt to »** until «***- ' \ u *. t7 on the Stto chapter. , -| 
of n , African o*>orlenc«o netful j 

Bn joy It nom th« anythin, 1 «- ^ ^ „ 

.atoriol to .orb to. * only . 1 

typewriter. ' . . q Toulon en *»«*. . Xt _h« j| 

• to moving frcr. a— ~ ^ w0tk e4 and the -j| 

grown cold hero and l0 * * fneU nieo*. *X have a couple , 

. uuio bour.oo have no b- ’ _ roomier me. *£* ] 

of frlcr-ur. In T-uio _ j fJ . xnt her \ 

h „ 0 ajoro norvlous e*clt-bH. { 

interested in the- ^ono _ ooaWn 't lore then, j 

4-v«y\ ihft Go rrr-o.no • **** ; 

' «* ^ UOft 1 lt * too oW * end ure too ? mcticnll| j 

, The 1««« clteeon CP k Uioty piece. 

- „ 4 14. »r*vrcoillc» °ncc rv \.o^* 

ft or^ry. » ^ lot0 ,« B tlng. Evcxvthin, lo » * 

lU ° ^ ^ * or n0 , lt osobo. Arc you C oln S to the non 
oort- Of Ao ad wnt°r « . ^ Conr.rs* 0 * -\ 


u.. _. 



t 


send *c eoac ourrsnt Utsreturt 


/ •' _ ,. «,,iior (t) tell him he ii«ln t *«» 

t>ni If rftltor MuJlet V 

... tv not re turning my me. • 

wo much ohout ehythln - --xc..ot tj • . ' 

• . .a »♦ vJQft 

I could hvv« sold soaothlns ottt . of ■* 

* # 

I Ttae cioh. ■ 

(Sc-l) ClftUd*. 




Tho two principal negro delegates wero J, 3illings, chiof 
of tho delegation, ana Claude Llackay, his assistant, I do not 
know their ages, but I am enclosing herewith reproductions of 
two photographs, ono taken from the Sew York ^imes of 
Docember 3l/l9£2, shoeing Claude L'tcfcay and l!ax Eastman, and th 
other from the February number of Current History, in which both 
Uackay and Billings appear* An American who recently arrival 
here from iloscow saw liackay there and describes him as being a 
typical black American negro. It is stated that ho is a poet 
and writer. From tho photograph of Billings, it weald appear 
that he is of tho mulatto type, I have been unr.ble to ct> tain 
the full names of the other two negro delegates, Johnston and 
Sayesh (or Sascha), nor can I give you a description of them. 

It is very doubtful if any of the delegates had American 
passports, numerous American citizens have recently proceeded 
to Soviet Russia without passports, having only certificates 
issued by Bolshevik agencies in the United States, such as tho 
."Society for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia” and "Kuzbas”, 




i 




Billin^o# rayeeh and Jolmuton v/111 rotum to [ 

tho United Staten via Chita and Shanghai# They i 

/ # , 5 

03pf)ect to lcav9 'jCodcovt between Pooonabor 0 and 12# j 

Machny till rciaain in ^aoia nc President of tho 
fiogro Section of the .^ccutive Conuiittoo of tho 

4 

% 

•Third International# 



i 





•0 . 


o 


tOMDOS, U-rch 11, 10C4. 


Dsar Somanj 

Oar friends hero have cent no n. a cry of a. letter 

recently sent to a Carjiunict here by Claude IteRay, the 

notorious ne^ro revolutionary, and I’ctn Gendins it cn 

* • ^ 

to you without dolay, 

• ^ • 

Youro over# \ 

• , « 

A.# 

B0YLST02I A # BEAL. 


Ilorsnn Araour, Ee^., 

^ 0*1 4 o»i & 0 «| 

Department of State, 
TTiBhington. 

EnolQTy.rJ . 

To Charlie fror Claude 
dated Fob# .vO. 1?:.4# 


• * * 




J'2Sii?a C. 


% 


oP JC I.iL rtilrO;;T 


SiiPr. 29, 19PJ, 


- v 


f - 7 . .. \ * , - 


4 . . .. j» . • v, >[** « - k r *; > * -7 f. • * • *• *• •* • ^ '■ < t ” V ^ ^ ~j j { % -'* _ 


• * ;. .?■ ;. ••* 7* * 7 -.!* ir.*' ^ * 


> t 7 / - ‘ • *' f r 


. • ..V V- • - - APHICAIJ BLOOD BdlOTK.l-EOOI? ■ ' - •5' .' ; v.>: 

*•’*.■'*• .H .'.••'** ' * * '"* ’ ' 

• She African Blccu Broth .rhood has not been active during the 
^eek a3 a scheduled iseting had to be celled off beceuse of the illness 
of Grace Campbell, one of the prii^e aovers in the organization. 

Cyril 3rigg3 is still busy in an endeavor to put into oper- 

> -.•••• 

ation'his co-operative store scheme, but appears to lack sufficient 

money to start it. Briggs is still getting out the ’’Crusader r.ervice n 

■ -* ' • ’ 

end the issue narked for release on September 24th states that Claude 
Hc£sy t . the negro poet and radical, is et present in Goro^ny for the Cru- 
sader 3ervice and that he will nr it e bis impressions and lecture on his 

return to this country. ^ ^ .4*- 9 *'/';• . 

• • • •• * 

, 7 ' In the issue above .referred to, Briggs quotes a, letter pur- 
porting to have been written by Leon Trotzky to IIcEay on the negro ques- 
tion. The letter in part .reria as follxar r ^ r -\ . ’ - . - * 

•• 







* ^’-s- • - • - * • , 32P2..'29 t 19 W , 

JC&rn 0 . /V:- ; >^ 

c0l0 rsd ivorUers tfcer.aelves Mit offer resistance sgaino'. 

bei^tc employed. Their eyes most oe opened au th:t they realize wi^n 
tW|pi ^ncb' iu^riiisu V subjugate -oxope the; Me fcelpi»« to.auc 

I jug£ the^elTaa, i-i that they. *re supporting the domination of Trench. 

-. -‘: r S ■ : ’ ■ '• - ».-» : •' •'•■• . . • ^ ‘I*. •- ■■ : ’.‘I-: 

In the African cn<i other eoljniea. . , • 

the ant ter is further, coaplicnted by the 

I abcninable ob^onesa end caste resumption of the Privileged upper strata 

of' the uvorkin* class itself, uho refuse to recognize their folio* «rfc«r:. 

and fighting coarades. in the negroes. Compere* Policyls founded on the 

I esploit.-tion of such despicable prejudices and is at the present tis* 

the most effective guarantee for 'the successful suojugation of uhite and 

colored workers alike. The fight against this policy must be taken up 

from different sides, and conducted on various lines, "One of the most 

I incortent branches of this conflict consists in enlightening the prole- 

Lri^n consciousness by awakening the feeling of hnnan dignity, end of 

1 revolutionary protest, amongst t^e ‘ black slaves of American capital. - 

stated above, this work can onxy oe oa.iie-, out * ; . 

' I not iti sally educated revolutionary negroes. ' J ! V!*-' 

* • ...: . .. mjbat fora# of organization are Lost suitable for the, rove- 

i. -..ion nagro es , It *>'«•«» ««.» “ 

L,«nil.n.l J irfor*.* “*“*‘~* 

1 J ltiesV; 3ut the forms cf organization uilV be found,^ as soon as _the re is 

| sufficient rill to action. ‘ ‘ 1-7 'Ay//. * / ~ ~ ~ ^„- - r " 


-! -^ith corsi-iunist greetings. 




??■../ 


L. 




-typ, 



L'r Harold Nathan 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 
U S Dept of Justice ^ldg 
Washington DC 


Dear Sir; . 

I thought it might be of interest to y^u to know th?t 
I have some papers concerning a Claude ,-ic Kay, a 
colored Communist. These papers were found in the 
back of a drawer of some filing cabinets we purchased 
that were formerly used in the Post Office Building 
in this CL ty. ° 

Would you prefer that I mail these papers to you, or 
bring them over in person? I expect to be in V/ash- 
ington the latter part of the week. 

Trusting to be of some service to ycu , I am 


Very truly yours. 





JFPjGAJ 

Vay 11, 1940 


a 


Dea r 

Ulth further referjwice to your letter of kay 1, 

1940, addressed to ihr. Harold Nathan of tMs Bureau, please 
be advised that I lx t ran Frrdt tins a copy thereof to Mr. E. A, 
Soucy, Special Agent in Charge, Federal Bureau of Investi- 
gation, U. S. Dapartr»ent of Justice, 600 Court Square Build- 
ing, Ealtinore, Maryland. 

It would bo wry much appreciated if you would fumieh 

the papers referred to in your letter to Mr. Soucy at the above 
address. ^ 


I an indeed grateful for ycur courtesy and cooperation 
in caking this cate rial available to this Bureau. 

Very truly yours. 


John Edgar Hoover 
Director 


a 




JtfJiwal Sun?au nf Inurstigntixm 

Hniteft States Department of Justice 
Baltimc 'e, Maryland 
May 31, 1940 


Director, 

Federal Bureau of Investigation, 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir: 


Reference is made to Bureau letter dated 
May 11, 1940, addressed to 

Baltimore, Maryland, referring 
to his letter dated May 1, I 94 O, addressed to 
MR. HAROLD NATHAN, which letter refers to papers 
concerning C LAUES MCKAY, a colored communist. 


called at this office and 
personally furnished to ms letters dated March 12 
and 26, 1923, addressed to MR. C. D. MCKEAN, over 
the signature of the then Director of the Bureau 
of Investigation, W. J. BURNS, together with a 
copy of the report of the then Special Agent HAROLD 
NATHAN, dated at Baltimore, Maryland, March 23, 1923. 
These letters and repoi^ are transmitted herewith. 

Ly yours. 



EASrww 


Br. Ai SOUCYl 
Special Agent in Charge 


Enclosures 3