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AD-A079 177 


UNCLASSIFIED 


1*1 


PD A__ 

078177 


ARMY PERSONNEL RESEARCH OFFICE WASHINGTON DC F/6 5/9 

RA AND US REENLISTMENT RATES BY MOS AND OCCUPATIONAL AREA'(U) 

APR 65 W H HELME » G E MCCULLOUGH 

APRO-RESEARCH STUDY-65-2 Ml 



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t«s«ar<k Study 65-2 


RA AND US REENLISTMENT RATES BY 
MOS AND OCCUPATIONAL AREA 


April INS 


D D C 

iSiSEBILDi 

! DEC 26 1915 


pisrwnow sTf.T CMTrr * I 

Approved for public relaosai 



U. $. ARMY PERSONNEL RESEARCH OFFICE 


79 12 19 182 






jr'i'sSl 


Army Project Number 
2J024701A722 


New Classification Techniques f-00 




William H./Helme 


Gerald E. McCullough 




Submitted by- 
Edmund F. Fuchs 

Chief, Military Selection Research Laboratory 


Approved by 
J. E. Uhlaner 

Director, Research Laboratories 


Research Studies are special reports to military management. They are 
usually prepared to meet requests for research results bearing on specific 
management problems. A limited distribution is made—primarily to the 
operating agencies directly involved. 

QjVpr«?65 / 


' £)% 6.50 




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1 







RA AND US REEMLISUCENT RATES BY MOS AMD OCCUPATIONAL AREA 


Research is being conducted to improve the rate of reenlistment in the 
Armjy. As a basis for studies to identify factors affecting decision to 
reenlist, data were needed on actual reenlistment rates for men in dif¬ 
ferent MOS and occupational areas. — 


First reenlistments for RA (enlistee) personnel during all of FY 1964 
and for US (inductee) personnel during the last quarter of FY 1964 were 
analyzed. 


-Findings: 

/■— u c 

Rate of reenlistment for RA personnel was almost four times that 
for US personnel during the final quarter of FY 1964. 

Enlisted men in low skill MOS showed a higher rate of reenlistment 
than did men in MOS requiring higher skill levels. 


Utilization of Findings 


Results are being used to select MOS and MOS groups in which to concen¬ 
trate subsequent studies of attitudes underlying reenlistment and the impact 
of early Army experiences on career intention. The later studies will be 
directed toward developing methods and personnel actions conducive to re¬ 
tention of a greater proportion of men in higher skill MOS. __ 












RA AND US REENLISTMENT RATES BY MOS AND OCCUPATIONAL AREA 


OBJECTIVES 

In research on the prediction of decision to reenlist, a questionnaire 
administered on entry into service has shown significant predictive value 
for reenlistment three years later. Further improvement in such pre¬ 
diction depends in large part, however, on discovering the factors effecting 
changes in reenlistment intention during the first term of service. Infor¬ 
mation about differential reenlistment rates among MOS and occupational areas 
would be a useful aid in concentrating research in areas most likely to 
yield useful information. 

The present study was designed to identify the areas--and MOS within 
areas--in which reenlistment rates are unusually high or unusually low, 
indicating focal areas for intensive study. The major objective is to 
develop hypotheses about what underlies the differential rates so that a 
research attack can be made on the problem of factors affecting career 
intention. 


DATA ANALYZED 

Data for this study were drawn from descriptive statistics on first 
reenlistments during FY 64. For US (inductee) personnel, data covered 
the last quarter of FY 64 only. For RA (enlistee) personnel, except for 
the comparison with US enlisted men, statistics covered the full FY 64. 


RESULTS 

Table 1 compares first-term reenlistment rates for RA and US personnel 
for the last quarter of FY 64, broken down by occupational area. The over¬ 
all rate for RA men was four times that for US men. This difference was 
reflected, with moderate variations, in every occupational area, ranging 
from the 8 to 1 ratio in Radio Code to slightly under 3 to 1 in Combat and 
Precision Maintenance. Major differences also appeared among occupational 
areas: Reenlistment rates were high in the Motor Maintenance and Infantry 
areas; rates were low in the Radio Code and Graphics areas, with Electronics 
and Clerical somewhat below the general average. 

MOS entry groups in which reenlistment rates were higher than the 
average for MOS groups within RA and US components are shown in Table 2. 
Those MOS groups with lower than average rates are shown in Table 3. 

The five highest in the US component were among the seven highest for the 
RA component: Auxiliary Services, Infantry, Supply Handling, Ammunition, 


and Food Service. Virtually all the MOS groups showing a high rate of 
reenlistment are characterized by relatively low skill aptitude and 
requirements. Conversely, MOS showing a low rate of reenlistment represent 
the higher skill requirements. 

More detailed analysis was conducted on the RA component only, using 
data for all of FY 64. There were 60 MOS groups with sufficient numbers 
of cases for analysis. Again, the low skill MOS predominated among the 
higher rates, the high skill MOS among the lower rates (Table 4). As a 
check on the general hypothesis that reenlistment rate is higher among men 
in lower skill Jobs, comparisons were made between Jobs within the same 
area but differing in skill level. The results (Table 5) were quite con¬ 
sistent with the hypothesis of an inverse relationship between reenlistment 
rate and skill level. 


CONCLUSIONS 

Analysis of recent first-term reenlistment rates for MOS groups and 
occupational areas pointed to two major trends: (l) the RA rate is ap¬ 
proximately four times the US rate, and (2) low skill MOS show consistently 
higher rates than high skill MOS. These findings are being used to select 
MOS and MOS groups in which to study attitudes underlying decision and 
action with regard to reenlistment and the impact on career intention of 
events and experiences during the first term of service. In such studies, 
particular attention will be given to MOS within the same area and in the 
same organization which show differences in reenlistment rate. 



Table 1 


COMPARISON OF US AND RA FIRST-TERM REENLISTMENT RATES 
BY OCCUPATIONAL AREA, 4th QUARTER FY 64 


Occupational Area 

No. Eligible | 
to Reenlist 

No. Reenlisting 

Percent Reenlisting 

US 

RA 

US 

RA 

US 

RA 

Total 

1-Combat 

3536 

8529 

448 

3017 

1 

12.7 

35-4 

28.7 

2-Electronics 

285 

1413 

20 

305 

7.0 

21.6 

19.1 

3-Electrical Maintenance 

882 

1695 

67 

497 

7.6 

29.3 

21.9 

4-Precision Maintenance 

317 

556 

32 

158 

10.1 

28.4 

22.9 

5-Military Crafts 

499 

435 

54 

174 

10.8 

4q.O 

24.4 

6-Motor Maintenance 

1808 

3718 

103 

n48 

5.7 

30.9 

35-5 

7-Clerical 

2663 

4839 

120 

1245 

4.5 

25.7 

18.2 

8-Graphics 

282 

234 

3 

18 

1.1 

7.7 

4.1 

9-General Technical 

1925 

2893 

115 

861 

6.0 

29.8 

20.3 

05-Radio Code 

1092 

1097 

21 

175 

1.9 

16.0 

8.9 

Totals 

13289 

25419 

983 

7598 

7.4 

29.9 

22.2 










Table 2 


MOS GROUPS IN WHICH RA AND US REENLISTMENT RATES WERE HIGHER 
THAN THE AVERAGE RATE FOR ALL RA OR US MOS GROUPS 



MOS Groups 

US 

N 

* 


54--Auxiliary Services 

63 

22.2 

11-Infantry 

1195 

21.8 

55-Supply Handling 

128 

20.3 

4-1-Ammunition 

95 

18.3 

94-Food Service 

76 

18.2 

12-Combat Engineering 

222 

17.1 


11-Infantry 

32-Wire Maintenance 

14-Field Arty Weapons 

91-Medical Care & 
Treatment 

52-Utilities 


507 

55.5 

142 

52.1 

l4l 

42.6 

50 

42.0 

60 

40.0 

7 66 

4o.o 

4146 

39.8 

392 

37.5 

982 

37.2 

989 

36.6 

93 

36.6 













MOS Group 

N 

* 

MOS Group 

N 

$ 

. 71-Administration 

1305 

2.0 

54,35-Teletype & Elec 






Equip Maint 

403 

16.4 

05-Radio Code 

1092 

1.9 







05-Radio Code 

1097 

16.0 

75-Finance - 

146 

1.4 







43-GM Mech Assembly 



90-General Tech, General 

76 

1.3 

& Rep 

64 

15.6 

8l-84-Graphics (all) 

282 

1.1 

27,28-Fixed Sta Radio 






& Radar Rep 

353 

14.2 

95-Medical Laboratory 

100 

1.0 







90-General Tech, 



20-28-Electronics (except 29 ) 

l4o 

0.7 

General 

126 

12.7 

70-Miscellaneous Clerical 

73 

0.0 

73,74-Finance & Data 






Processing 

446 

8.5 

74-Data Processing 

146 

0.0 







96 - 99 -Intel & Tech 






Equip Op 

618 

8.1 




8l-84-Graphics (all) 

234 

7.7 










Table 4 


REENLISTMENT RATES OF RA ENLISTED MEN IN MOS SHOWING HIGHER 
THAN AVERAGE AND LOWER THAN AVERAGE REENLISTMENT RATES 


Occupational 

Higher Skill MOS 


Lower Skill MOS 

Group 

MOS 

Rate 

MOS 

Rate 

Infantry 

113-Op & Intel Spec 

29.2 

111-Light Wpns Inf 43.0 




112-Heavy Wpns Inf 

' 39.2 

Armor 

133-Intel Spec 

22.3 

131-Crewman 

34.7 

Field Arty Weapons 

147-Rocket Crewman 

24.2 

140- FA Basic 

141- Lt & Med FA 

34.9 




Crewman 

32.9 




142-Hvy & Very Hvy 




FA Crewman 

30.6 

Artillery 

151-AD Op & Intel 


l40-l47-FA Crewman 

33.2 


Asst 

22.4 




152-FA Op & Intel 


171-179-AD Missile Op 

33-2 


Asst 

20.3 



153-Arty Surveyor 

14.6 




156-FA Radar Crewman 

14.3 



Ammunition 

4ll-Ammo Stor Spec 

35-2 

4lO-Ammo Helper 

53.2 

Metal Working 

442-Welder 

20.7 

440 -Metal Working* 





Helper 

► 30.2 


443-Machinist 

13-0 

44l-Metal Body Rep 





J 


Supply Handling 

551-General Ware- 


550-Supply Handler 

41.5 


houseman 

28.6 


552-Petroleum | 





Stor Spec V 

35-7 




553 Subsistence / 



Stor Spec J 




Engineer Construction 

622-Eng Equip Rep 

21.3 

620-Eng Equip Asst 

56.2 


625-Asphalt Concrete 





Equip Op 

18.3 




626-Const Machine Op 

17.4 




627-Crane Shove Op 

15-6 




- 6 - 


.. __ 11 ^_ 




Occupational Higher Skill MOS _ _Lower Skill MOS 


Group 

MOS 

Rate 

MOS 

Rate 

Aircraft Maintenance 

671-Single Eng Air¬ 
plane Mecb 

19.5 

670-Aircraft Maint 
Crewman 

38.2 


672-Multi-Eng Air¬ 
plane Mech 

21.5 




675-Single-Rotor 

Hel Mech 

21.3 




676-Tandem Rotor 

Hel Mech 

17-9 




677-Multi-Eng Hel 
Mech 

20.8 



Data Processing 

74l-Card & Tape 
Writer 

6.9 

740-DP Equip Op 

25.9 


742-Personnel Acctg 
Spec 

l4.l 




743-Machine Acctg 
Spec 

10.9 




744- ADPS Console Op 7 

745- ADPS Prog Specj 

. 6.6 



Medical Care and 
Treatment 

911-Medical Spec 

913-Operating Room 
Spec 

34.4 

28.4 

910-Med Corpsman 

50.1 


9l4-Neuropsych Spec 

21.7 




917-Dental Spec 

34.1 



Radio Code 

051-Intermed Speed 
Radio Op 

19-7 

050-Low Speed Radio 
Op 

32.4 


053-Radio Teletype Op 20.4 




055-Communication 

Monitor 9.9 

056-Direction-Finding 

Op 8.3 

058-Morse Interceptor 12.4 

059-Teletype 

Interceptor 


12.2 



Table 5 

RA COMPONENT MOS ENTRY GROUPS IN ORDER OF REENLIS1MENT RATE FOR FY 1964 


MOS 

Reenlistment 

MOS 

Reenlistment 

Group Title 

Rate 

Group Title 

Rate 


Food Service 

48.6 

Ammunition 

41.7 

Prosthetic Appliances 

40.4 

Infantry 

37.4 

Chemical 

37.0 

Supply Handling 

36.8 

Medical Care & 
Treatment 

35.2 

Air Defense Missile Op 33.2 

Field Artillery Wpns 

33.2 

Armor 

31.2 

Auxiliary Services 

30.7 

Combat Engineering 

30.0 

Quartermaster Equip 
Maint 

29.8 

Field Artillery 
Missile Op 

29.8 

General Supply 

29.7 

Wire Maintenance 

29.7 

Combat, General 

29.5 

Motor Transport 

29.O 

Radio & Carrier Rep 

28.8 

Air Defense Radar Op 

28.1 


Parts Supply 

27.2 

Marine Op & Maint 

26.7 

Communications Center 

25.9 

Op 

Armament Maintenance 

25.7 

Field Communications 

25.6 

Automotive Maintenance 

25.6 

Air Defense Electronics 
Maint 

25.1 

Administration 

24.6 

Electronics, General 

23.5 

Radar & TV Repair 

22.7 

Utilities 

22.6 

Aircraft Maintenance 

21.8 

Medical Laboratory 

21.3 

Eng Const Equip Op & 
Maint 

20.5 

Metal Working 

20.2 

Pictorial 

19.8 

Fixed Station Radio 
Repair 

19.4 

Field Artillery 
Electronics Maint 

19.2 

Precision Maint,General 18.9 

Electrical Equip Maint 

18.6 






MOS 

Reenlistment 

MOS 

Reenlistment 

Group 

Title 

Rate 

Group 

Title 

Rate 

34 

| 

Teletypewriter Equip 


97 

General. Intel 

13-9 


Maint 

18.4 







30 

Electrical Maint, 


15 

Artillery Op & Intel 

18.2 


General 

13.5 

05 

Radio Code 

18.0 

90 

General Technical, 






General 

12.7 

96 

Military Intel 

17-9 







73 

Finance 

11.5 

95 

Military Police 

17.5 







74 

Data Processing 

11.3 

68 

Aircraft Components 






Rep 

16.5 

99 

Technical Equip Op 

11.2 

43 

Nuclear Weapons & GM 


70 

Miscel Clerical 

9-9 


Mech A$sem & Rep 

15-7 





/ 


98 

Communications Security 

9.8 

83 

Printing 

15.1 







82 

Surveying 

7-8 

51 

Construction 

14.7 







24 

SSM Electronic Guidance 


25 

SAM Electronic 



Sys Rep 

6.1 


25 


SAM Electronic 
Guidance Sys Rep 


14.7 


81 


Drafting & Cartography 5.6