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Full text of "DTIC ADA262705: A Cultural Resources Survey of the Ditch Bank Repair Project Big Lake Floodway, Mississippi Co., Arkansas."

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Form Approved 







2 REPORT DATE 
FEB L986 


3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED 

f inal 

■ —. . ——— f ..—— 

I S r USD r»G AS 


4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5 rj*,D :.G N v V.E 

A Cultural Resources Survey of the Ditch Bank Repair Project 
Big Lake Floodway, Mississippi Co., AR c 96X1112 


6. AUTHOR(S) 

Jimmy D. McNeil 


7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADORES 

in house 


9. SPONSORING MONITORING AGENCY NAME'S) AND ADDRESSES) 


Dept. of the Army 

Memphis District Corps of Engineers 
B-202 Clifford Davis Federal Bldg. 
Memphis, TN 38103 



8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION 
REPORT NUMBER 


10. SPONSORING MONITORING 
AGENCY REPORT NUMBER 



12a. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT 


Unlimited 


13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 20C wcs:) 


2b. DISTRIBUTION CODE 


A pedestrian survey failed to locate any prehistoric, historic, or architectual 
aites within the project right-of-way. 


4 05 00 8 


93-07025 


llw 



5. NUMBER OF PAGES 

3 


17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 20 LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 
OF REPORT OF THIS PAGE OF ABSTRACT 


NSN 7S40-01-2S0-S500 



S's'da’b fo-" 1 Z98 






























A Cultural Resources Survey of the 
Big Lake Floodway 

Ditch Bank Repair Project, Mississippi County, Arkansas 

A Negative Report 


U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 
Memphis District 


Jimmy D. McNeil 


STIC QUALITY EN 


:S¥ZCTSD 4 


February, 1986 




Acuesion i cr 

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DUG TAB 

Unannounced 
JuSf'f.Cut 

I 

By_| 

i Dish (button I 

| Availability Codes 

i Avail and I or 
Oist Si't-cial 





ABSTRACT 


On 9 January 1986, an intensive cultural resources survey was conducted by 
the Environmental Analysis Branch of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 
Memphis District, over approximately 0.46 acres of plowed field. The 
proposed work includes repair and maintenance of the existing ditch bank. 
Maintenance may include grading and riprapping the top bank. A pedestrian 
survey failed to locate any prehistoric, historic or architectural sites 
within the project right-of-way. 









TABLE OF CONTENTS 


Abstract i 

Table of Contents ii 

Introduction 1 

Project Description 1 

Environmental Setting 1 

Previous Research 2 

Results of the Records Search 2 

Survey Methodology and Results 2 

Recommendations 2 

Bibliography 3 

Maps 


Map 1 


Overall view of proje.: area 









Introduction 


An intensive survey for cultural resources was conducted by Memphis District 
archeologist, Mr. Jimmy D. McNeil on 9 January 1986, within the ditch 
maintenance right-of-way as directed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 
Memphis District. This study was performed as required by the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (Public Law 91-190), Protection and 
Enhancement of Cultural Historic and Cultural Properties (36 CFR 800), and 
the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 898-665). 


Proiect Description 


The Big Lake Ditch is located in Mississippi County, Arkansas, Township 
14N, Range 9E, Section 21, NE 1/4, NE 1/4 of the NE 1/4 of the Manila, AR-MO 
Quadrangle. The project will affect only the proposed right-of-way and 
repair area (Map 1). Equipment can be brought in over an existing road. 


Environmental Settins 


The Big Lake area is characterized by cool, wet winters and hot, humid 
summers. Typically, winter rains last for several days duration and cover 
large areas, but lack the severity of summer storms. Summer thunderstorms 
are common but isolated and intense, causing localized flooding. The annual 
mean rainfall is 48 inches. 


The soil association in this area is Convent-Morganfield-Crevasse (Ferguson 
and Gray 1971:4). On the surface, the soil is a fine brown sandy loam. The 
area is subject to seasonal inundation. The topography of the area is nearly 
level. However, natural and man-made levees rise above the surface. 


The area of maintenance is a ditch bank and field, adjacent to the Big Lake 
Floodway Ditch. This area supports a profusion of Johnson grass ( Sorghum 
halepense ) and scattered willow, cottonwood, elm and other related species 


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on the fringe of the field. The quality of the "fringe" habitat in the 
immediate vicinity adjacent to the maintenance area is high for various small 
mammals and birds as well as numerous lower vertebrates. 

Previous Research 


Enough work has been conducted in the general area of the project, by such 
researchers as Phillips, Ford and Griffin (1951), Williams (1956), Morse 
(1969), Lewis (1974), and Klinger (1978), to isolate and date major cultural 
periods. However, little survey research has been conducted in the immediate 
vicinity of the project. The most recent intensive survey work in this area 
was conducted by American Resources Group, Ltd. (1981) for the Memphis 
District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 

Results of the Records Search 


The National Register of Historic Places was consulted and no indications of 
prehistoric, historic or architectural cultural remains were on record within 
the. project area. 

Survey Methodology and Results 

The designated project area is approximately 0.46 acres in size. The field 
was unplanted, providing an excellent view (100% visibility) of the plowed 
surface. This exposed surface area was searched for features and/or 
artifacts. As the project area was partially disturbed only the undisturbed 
portion was walked over. This area was approximately 15 meters wide and 150 
meters long. The disturbed areas consisted of a road and old borrow pit. No 
artifacts nor features were found in the project area. 

Recommendations 


Based on an 
evidence of 
the direct 
construction 
planned. 


infield cultural resources survey and 
prehistoric, historic or architectural 
impact zone of the borrow area, 
within the project right-of-way be 


a background search, no 
resources exist within 
It is recommended that 
allowed to proceed as 


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The survey methodology used does not eliminate the possibility of 

encountering deeply buried sites. Therefore, it is recommended that any site 
encountered during construction be protected from further damage, by stopping 
construction until its significance can be determined by the Environmental 

Analysis Branch, Memphis District Corps of Engineers in conjunction with the 
Arkansas Office of the Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. 

Bibliography 

American Resources Group, Ltd. 

1981 Draft Report: An Archeological and Historical Resources Survey of 
21 Mississippi River Levee Berm Items: Component 5, Northeast 

Arkansas and Southeast Missouri. Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps 
of Engineers, Memphis District. 

Klinger, Timothy C. 

1978 A brief outline of regional prehistory. In an archeological 

assessment of three COE-sponsored channelization projects in the 
St. Francis Basin, Arkansas, Arkansas Archeological Survey Research 
Report No. 14, Fayetteville. 

Lewis, R. Barry 

1974 Mississippian Exploitative Strategies: A Southeast Missouri 

Example. Missouri Archaeological Society Research Series No. 11, 
Columbia. 

Morse, Dan F. 

1969 Introducing Northeastern Arkansas Prehistory. Arkansas 
Archaeologist No. 10. 

Phillips, Philip, James A. Ford, and James B. Griffin 

1951 Archaeological Survey in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley 
1940-1947 Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and 
Ethnology , Volume XXV. Harvard University, Cambridge. 

Williams, Stephen 

1956 Settlement Patterns in the Lower Mississippi Valley. In 
Prehistoric Patterns in the New World , edited by Gordon Willey. 
Viking Fund Publishers in Anthropology, No. 23, New York. 


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