2 REPORT DATE
3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED
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4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5 rj*,D :.G N v V.E
A Cultural Resources Survey of the Ditch Bank Repair Project
Big Lake Floodway, Mississippi Co., AR c 96X1112
Jimmy D. McNeil
7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADORES
9. SPONSORING MONITORING AGENCY NAME'S) AND ADDRESSES)
Dept. of the Army
Memphis District Corps of Engineers
B-202 Clifford Davis Federal Bldg.
Memphis, TN 38103
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION
10. SPONSORING MONITORING
AGENCY REPORT NUMBER
12a. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT
13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 20C wcs:)
2b. DISTRIBUTION CODE
A pedestrian survey failed to locate any prehistoric, historic, or architectual
aites within the project right-of-way.
4 05 00 8
5. NUMBER OF PAGES
17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 20 LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT
OF REPORT OF THIS PAGE OF ABSTRACT
S's'da’b fo-" 1 Z98
A Cultural Resources Survey of the
Big Lake Floodway
Ditch Bank Repair Project, Mississippi County, Arkansas
A Negative Report
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Jimmy D. McNeil
STIC QUALITY EN
Acuesion i cr
i Dish (button I
| Availability Codes
i Avail and I or
On 9 January 1986, an intensive cultural resources survey was conducted by
the Environmental Analysis Branch of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,
Memphis District, over approximately 0.46 acres of plowed field. The
proposed work includes repair and maintenance of the existing ditch bank.
Maintenance may include grading and riprapping the top bank. A pedestrian
survey failed to locate any prehistoric, historic or architectural sites
within the project right-of-way.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents ii
Project Description 1
Environmental Setting 1
Previous Research 2
Results of the Records Search 2
Survey Methodology and Results 2
Overall view of proje.: area
An intensive survey for cultural resources was conducted by Memphis District
archeologist, Mr. Jimmy D. McNeil on 9 January 1986, within the ditch
maintenance right-of-way as directed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,
Memphis District. This study was performed as required by the National
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (Public Law 91-190), Protection and
Enhancement of Cultural Historic and Cultural Properties (36 CFR 800), and
the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 898-665).
The Big Lake Ditch is located in Mississippi County, Arkansas, Township
14N, Range 9E, Section 21, NE 1/4, NE 1/4 of the NE 1/4 of the Manila, AR-MO
Quadrangle. The project will affect only the proposed right-of-way and
repair area (Map 1). Equipment can be brought in over an existing road.
The Big Lake area is characterized by cool, wet winters and hot, humid
summers. Typically, winter rains last for several days duration and cover
large areas, but lack the severity of summer storms. Summer thunderstorms
are common but isolated and intense, causing localized flooding. The annual
mean rainfall is 48 inches.
The soil association in this area is Convent-Morganfield-Crevasse (Ferguson
and Gray 1971:4). On the surface, the soil is a fine brown sandy loam. The
area is subject to seasonal inundation. The topography of the area is nearly
level. However, natural and man-made levees rise above the surface.
The area of maintenance is a ditch bank and field, adjacent to the Big Lake
Floodway Ditch. This area supports a profusion of Johnson grass ( Sorghum
halepense ) and scattered willow, cottonwood, elm and other related species
on the fringe of the field. The quality of the "fringe" habitat in the
immediate vicinity adjacent to the maintenance area is high for various small
mammals and birds as well as numerous lower vertebrates.
Enough work has been conducted in the general area of the project, by such
researchers as Phillips, Ford and Griffin (1951), Williams (1956), Morse
(1969), Lewis (1974), and Klinger (1978), to isolate and date major cultural
periods. However, little survey research has been conducted in the immediate
vicinity of the project. The most recent intensive survey work in this area
was conducted by American Resources Group, Ltd. (1981) for the Memphis
District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Results of the Records Search
The National Register of Historic Places was consulted and no indications of
prehistoric, historic or architectural cultural remains were on record within
the. project area.
Survey Methodology and Results
The designated project area is approximately 0.46 acres in size. The field
was unplanted, providing an excellent view (100% visibility) of the plowed
surface. This exposed surface area was searched for features and/or
artifacts. As the project area was partially disturbed only the undisturbed
portion was walked over. This area was approximately 15 meters wide and 150
meters long. The disturbed areas consisted of a road and old borrow pit. No
artifacts nor features were found in the project area.
Based on an
infield cultural resources survey and
prehistoric, historic or architectural
impact zone of the borrow area,
within the project right-of-way be
a background search, no
resources exist within
It is recommended that
allowed to proceed as
The survey methodology used does not eliminate the possibility of
encountering deeply buried sites. Therefore, it is recommended that any site
encountered during construction be protected from further damage, by stopping
construction until its significance can be determined by the Environmental
Analysis Branch, Memphis District Corps of Engineers in conjunction with the
Arkansas Office of the Arkansas Historic Preservation Program.
American Resources Group, Ltd.
1981 Draft Report: An Archeological and Historical Resources Survey of
21 Mississippi River Levee Berm Items: Component 5, Northeast
Arkansas and Southeast Missouri. Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps
of Engineers, Memphis District.
Klinger, Timothy C.
1978 A brief outline of regional prehistory. In an archeological
assessment of three COE-sponsored channelization projects in the
St. Francis Basin, Arkansas, Arkansas Archeological Survey Research
Report No. 14, Fayetteville.
Lewis, R. Barry
1974 Mississippian Exploitative Strategies: A Southeast Missouri
Example. Missouri Archaeological Society Research Series No. 11,
Morse, Dan F.
1969 Introducing Northeastern Arkansas Prehistory. Arkansas
Archaeologist No. 10.
Phillips, Philip, James A. Ford, and James B. Griffin
1951 Archaeological Survey in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley
1940-1947 Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and
Ethnology , Volume XXV. Harvard University, Cambridge.
1956 Settlement Patterns in the Lower Mississippi Valley. In
Prehistoric Patterns in the New World , edited by Gordon Willey.
Viking Fund Publishers in Anthropology, No. 23, New York.