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3CIE83T-IFIC CONFERENCE 0? THE STAJJMMJ) IHfcTETOTi 
0? EPIDEMIOLOGY -MB HYGIE33 

- USSR - 



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SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE OF THE STALINABAD INSTITUTE 

OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND HYGIENE 

-^unsi gned / 

/"Following is the translation of aity article entitled 
"Nauchnaya Konferentsiya Stalinabadskogo Instituta E- 
pidemiologii i Gigiyeny", (English version above), in 
Zdravookhraneniye Tadzhikistana (Tadzhikistan Health), 
Vol. VII, No. 3/ Stalinabad, May/June i960, page 6l ,J 


The scientific conference of the Stalinabad Institute of Epi¬ 
demiology and Hygiene, at which were presented the results cf the scien¬ 
tific research work carried out during 1959; also served to celebrate 
the 90th anniversary of the birth of V. I* Lenin. 

Workers of therapeutic and prophylactic institutions of Sta¬ 
linabad and a number of the rayons of the republic participated in the 
work of.the conference, 

L. G, Rapoport presented a report on "Lenin and Science". 

The report by A. M c Yusupov and A, A, Babayev on "A Sanitation 
and Hygienic Appraisal of the New Type of Home Construction in Stali¬ 
nabad" was heard with interest. The materials of the report may be 
used in establishing norms for the construction of homes in the re¬ 
public . 


The results of obsercations on the nutritional status of kol¬ 
khoz workers of the Gissar valley were reported by K. B® Baratov. 
This author, together with M. S. Easymov, also presented findings on 
the sanitation and hygiene level in the Moskovskiy Rayon Tadzhikska- 
ya ASSR. 


Particular interest was aroused by the report of V« G» Arskiy 
on the "Role of Certain Paths of Transmission of Dysentery during Dif¬ 
ferent Seasons of the Year". Using a new method of detecting the pre¬ 
sence of dysentery bacilli - the increase in the phage titer, he be¬ 
came the first to affirm objectively the decisive role of the fly fac¬ 
tor of transmission of infection In the seasonal, increase in inciden¬ 
ce of dysentery, the importance of which, under the conditions obtaining 
in the republics of Central Asia, has frequently been denied by in¬ 
vestigators. 


- 1 - 




The problems of the epidemiology of typhoid fever in Stalin- 
abad and the-measures for its prevention were discussed in the re¬ 
port of I. A, Khyistoforova. 

The studies of Yu* L. Degtyarev confirmed the high sensitivi¬ 
ty of the phage titer determination in diagnosing typhoid fever, and 
also in demonstrating a bacterial carrier state and in epidemiologi¬ 
cal studies. These studies, together with the data of V. G. Arskiy, 
indicate the need for a swift introduction cf the phage titer deter¬ 
mination into the practical work of the laboratories of the republic, 
especially those engaged in studying the carrier, problem in typhoid fe- 
var and dysentery. 

The reports of L. S. Koretskaya, A* N. Kovalevskaya, and M. K. 
Kayumova pointed out the possibility of a considerable increase in 
growth of pathogenic bacteria cf the enteric group by means of addi¬ 
tion of vita min E of gibberillic acid to the nutritive medium; using 
this method, it is possible to shorten the time required for bacterio- 
logic studies« 

p 0 S. Pisarenko and V. I. Pisarenko reported on a new medium for 
culturing the pertussis bacillus without the use of fresh blood. The 
medium may easily be prepared in the dessicated form; this makes the 
bacteriological diagnosis of pertussis accessible to any practical la¬ 
boratory. 

Epidemiological and virological data on A 2 influenza in Stalin- 
abad during 1959 were presented by A. I. Pir'yanova. Her comparative 
studies showed changes in a number of the properties of strains of the 
A 2 influenza virus isolated during 1959 j as compared with the strains 
isolated during 1957 . 

K. T, Kasymov and A. N. Pavlovich presented the results of a stu¬ 
dy cf the immunological indices in children vaccinated one time with 
the trivalent live vaccine against poliomyelitis. The data indicate 
that a single vaccination is not sufficient for the production of immu¬ 
nity against all three types of virus. 

A. Kh. Tursunov, carrying out serologic studies of human serum 
from patients recovering from febrile diseases, obtained a positive 
Epshteyn-Vaygl 8 reaction in diagnostic tilers in five percent of the 
patients. These results indicate the heed for a more careful diagnosis 
of cases of atypical typhus among patie nts with febrile illnesses ot un¬ 
certain etiology. 

The report of L. Ya» Il’yashenko was devoted to the description 
of a method of control of flies in the rural areas of Tadzhikistan, . 


2 


especially on animal breeding farms, 

K. K,Karimova presented a characterization of the special fea¬ 
tures of Ascaris infestation of the pdpulace in Stalinabad and pointed 
up the need for individualization of measures for its elimination, de¬ 
pending on the specific characteristics of the foci. 

A detailed analysis of the incidence of acarid spirochetosis in 
Tadzhikistan was presented by B. N. Kazantsev and Kh. I# Mamkeyeva. 

They specified the zones of distribution and the natural foci of spiro¬ 
chetosis, and also discussed the basic principles of control of this 
disease under various conditions. 

In the concluding address, the Deputy Director of -the Institute 
in charge of the scientific section, N, I. Zatsepin, indicated that the 
group working at the Institute w ill continue to strengthen their asso¬ 
ciation with practical workers, to render them assistance in the orga¬ 
nization and effectuation of prophylactic measures, and to concentrate 
their efforts on the solution of problems which are most important for 
the protection of the health of the people of the republic. 

Workers of the therapeutic and prophylactic institutions parti¬ 
cipating in the discussions remarked on the timeliness and urgency of 
the work being dene at the Institute, and on its connection with prac¬ 
tical work, and expressed their desire to introduce as quickly as pos¬ 
sible the results of the scientific research work of the Institute into 
the practice of health in the republic. 


1658 


END 


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