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CLOTHING ALMANAC NO. 9 




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September 1950 



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Department of the Army 

OFFICE OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL 
Military Planning Division 
Research and Development Branch 


Environmental Protection Section 


/ 

Clothing Almanac No. 9 

NORTHERN EUROPE 

( Scandinavia, Finland, and the Baltic States ) 


Washington, D. C. 


September 1950 


"This document contains information affecting the National Defense 
of the United States w/ithin the meaning of the Espionage Act, 
50 U. S. C., 31 and 32, as amended. Its transmission or the 

revelation of its contents in any manner to an unauthorized 
person is prohibited by law." 


INTRODUCTION 


I I. PURPOSE , Clothing Almanacs show monthly requirements for items of 
military clothi.ng to be used in a particular region by troops operating 
under combat conditions. They are intended to aid logisti.c planners; from 
them it is possible to determine monthly clothing needs^ probable amounts 
of use and wear of the items 5 and requirements for item replacement. 

a. Distribution o The Almanacs are distributed for guidance to 
theater, Army, and other commanders responsible for authorizing the issue 
of discretionary items, and for information to commanders of posts, camps, 
stations, and divisions or equivalent organi.zations. 

2.0 DESCRIPTION . Clothing Almanacs supplement T/A 21, which specifies 
total yearly clothing allowances for each of seven world-wide zones. Each 
T/A 21 Clothing Allowance Zone is based on the average temperatures of the 
coldest and warmest months, as shown in Table 1. 



TABLE 1: CLOTHING 

ALLOWANCE ZONES 

OF T./A 21 



Average Temperature (®F) of 


Zone 

Coldest Month 

Warmest Month 

I 

Tropical ..... 

. . Above 68 . 0 

. Above 68 

II 

Semi tropical . . . 

, . 50 to 68 » . 

. Above 68 

III 

Warm Temperate . . 

. . 32 to .50 0 . 

. Above 68 

I¥ 

Mild Temperate . , 

. . 32 to 50 „ , 

0 50 to 68 

V 

Cool Temperate . . 

0 0 Below 32 0 . 

. Above 68 

71 

Cold Temperate , „ 

. . 14 to '32 . . 

. .50 to 68 

VII 

Arctic ...... 

. . Below 14 0 0 

. Below 68 


For each zone, T/A 21 lists the items that are required or mandatory > It 
also lists for each zone the items that are discretionary . (Discretic'^ary 
items are not required by all personnel within the respective zones, bu*- 
they are essential to the operating efficiency of certain personnel whose 
duty assignments may involve greater exposure to environmental conditions.) 
Within the framework of t/a 21, Clothing Almanacs show monthly clothing 
requirements in specific regions, indicating essential items in these 
regions. 


a. Basis . Clothing Almanacs are based on a detailed study of local 
environmental conditions. Each Almanac specifies the clothing most likely 
to be needed by troops for adequate protection against these conditions 
during round-the-clock operations. Of primary concern in preparing an 
Almanac is the amount and kind of clothing a soldier needs while he is in 
the field engaged in relatively light activity. Troops engaged in strenu¬ 
ous activity need less clothing; troops completely at rest require more to 
remain comfortable. Clothing Almanacs show the items that will give troops 


1. 


adec;ua,t.e protection for at least 90 percent of the tirae, ana in an average 
year any particular item can be expected to be used at least 30 percent of 
the time during the months specified, 

b. Regions Clothing Alm;macs are issued for particular regions 
(sog., Alaska, Japan, Northeast Africa, etc,) which include parts of one 
or more T/A 21 Clothing Allowance Zones Each Clothing Alm,anac Region is 
further subdivided into a number of Clothing Requirement Areas, according 
to differences in monthly clothing requirements.. Although all Clothing 
Requirement Areas within any one of the T/A 21 Clothing Allowance Zones 
have the same basic annual clothing allowances, they differ in monthly 
clothing needs. 

(1) Clothing Requirement Areas are of two types, non-mountainous 
and mountainous,, The latter are given a special designation to indicate 
that field conditions and, consequently, clothing requirements may^ change 
rapidly within a relatively short horizontal distance,. The mountainous 
areas are divided into elevation intervals, each of which has di-fferent 
clothing needs,. Thus, in effect, each interval represents a Clothing^ 
Requirement Area and clothing needs of troops operating within mountains 
can be determined for any elevation,. 

(2) Each Clothing Requirement Area is assigned an identifying 
symbol. Non-mountainous Areas are designated by Roman numerals of the 
Clothing Zones in which they occur, together with an identifying letter 
(e,g,, VI-A) , Mountainous Areas are designated by the Roma.n numerals of 
the Clothing Allowance Zones of their lowest elevations, together with an 
identifyi.ng number (e,g,, VI-2), Although Clothing Requirement Areas in 
different Clothing Almanacs may haA^e identical designations, they do not 
necessarily h.ave the same environmental conditions or monthly clothing 
requirements.. For example, monthly clothing requirements in Alaska VII-C 
are not the same as those in Greenland VII-C. 

c. Map,, A map of the Region shoyang its Clothing Requirement Areas 
is Included in the back of the Almanac. Distinctive boundaries separ;, “• 
Clothing Allowance Zones; single line boundaries separate the individu.a. 
Clothing Requirement Areas Each Area is numbered according to the system 
outlined aboA/-e.. 

d. Tables , For each Clothing Requirement Area or mountain elevation 
interval there is a table in the Clothing Almanac. Months are shown along 
the top, and the clothing items are listed on the left side of the page 
Need for an item is shoym by a solid bar dravm opposite the item and in the 
proper month-column The absence of such a bar means that the item is not 
needed in that month , For each mountain interval, eleyrations in feet above 
sea level are given at the top of the page, 

e. Items Listed, All items listed in the clothing tables are author¬ 
ized in T/A 21, Mobilization, 26 January 1950, for the respective zones. 


In the tables, these items have been grouped and arranged alphabetically 
under the headings of Body Clothing, Footgear, Handgear, Headgear, and 
Sleeping Equipment. For many items, model numbers, shade numbers, etc,, 
have been eliminated to conserve space, 

(1) Both discretionary and mandatory items are included in the 
tables. Discretionary items are indicated by an asterisk (*) , 


(2) Clothing Almanacs do not specify the requirements for 
specialized equipment. Issue of Specialized Individual Equipment for low 
mountain and alpine areas, as listed in T/A 21, Part III, Section II, may 
be authorized by the commanding general, theater of'operations, or by the 
Department of the Army for individuals undergoing special training in 
continental United States, Boots, ski-mountain are considered specialized 
in that they are to be worn primarily by trained ski troops or specially 
equipped mountain troops, Tlhen worn with the proper sockgear, these boots 
are satisfactory for use with skis at temperatures as low as “22°F; they 
are not suitable for use with snowshoes. For climbing steep rocky slopes, 
they ma y be preferred at moderate to high temperatures over the Boot, ser - 
vice, combat, russet, and at lower temperatures over Shoepacs ; the latter, 
however, are generally preferred for climbing wet or snow covered slopes, 

(3) Certain items which are mandatory throughout the world, 
such as Drawers, cotton and Belt, waist are not included in the tables, 

(4) Also excluded are items in the nature of equipment rather 
than clothing: insignia, toilet articles, knives, snowshoes, tents, steel 
helmets, etc, 

(5) Under the heading "Anti-Insect" need is Indicated for: 
Gloves, mosquito , Headnet, mosquito ; Bar, insect, field ; and Repellent , 
Insect. 


iii 



Figure 1. Scandinavian uplands. 

a. The gentle eastern slope. Well—watered forested valleys lead by gentle 
slope to barren uplands. Southern part of Area VII-1. 

b. The rugged western slope. Gudvangen, a seaport 100 miles from the open 
sea on a branch of Sogne Fjord northeast of Bergen. Precipitous walls 
drop from the uplands to the valley floors. Area VI-1. 


CLOTHING ALMANAC FOR NORTHERN • EUROPE '' ^ 

(Scandinavia^ Finland^, and the Baltic States) 

general . The Clothing Almanac for Northern Europe shows field 
clothing requirements for Norway^ Sweden^ Finland^ Denmark^ Estonia^ 
Latvia, and Lithuania. This region is nearly as large as Alaska, and. like 
Alaska is sit-uated in the high latitudes on the west side of a continental 
land maSvS... No part of Northern Europe, however, experiences such extremes 
of temperature as interior Alaska, and clothing needs differ accordinglyo 

The clothing tables reveal a wide range of clothing requirements« 
Within this corner of Europe, latitude, maritime influence, and elevation 
are re.flected in the rabies by complete and pronounced seasonal clothing 
changes in interior locations, by less complete but distinctive seasonal 
clothing changes along west-facing coasts, and by a variety of clothing 
requirements in. mountainous terrain 

Three of the T/A 21 Clothing Allowance Zones are represented in 
Northern Europe: Zones IV, VI, and VII, a cool weather to very cold 
weather clothing sequence. In this region, these zones have been divided 
into 5 mountainous and 5 non-mountaincus Clothing Requirement Areas, with¬ 
in each of which clothing needs are quite uniform. 

2* ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS c Climate and relief largely govern the proper 
allowance of mi.litary clothing in Norther.n Europe = Of the two, cllmaie 
probably has a greater influence, but re.lief so controls the choice of 
certain items that it. is impossible to consider o.ne without the other. 
Together they help condition the character of the land surface and the 
ins e ct popul ati o,n o 

ao Relief . The dominating feature is the Scandinavian Highlands 
(Clothing Requiremert Areas IV-1, VI-2, VII--1, and VII-2) o High on the 
west, gentl.y dippi.n.g toward the east, (Figure la) and. oriented in a 
northeast-southwest direction, they extend for nearly a thousand miles 
and form the backbone cf the Scandinavian Peninsulao The Atlantic facing 
edge is broken and fissured and forms the irregular and highly fjorded. 
coast of Norway (Figure lb) <, Thousands of rocky islands, outliers of the 
highlands proper, fringe the e.ntire Norwegian coast o Rising sharply from 
the coastl.ine, the steep-sided fjords terminate upwards in plateau-like 
surfaces knovwi as fjelds. At the Scandinavian water divide the fjeld is 
continuous and averages between 3j000 and A;>000 feet in elevation. Eleva¬ 
tions are greater than 8,000 feet, however, at the highest of the rounded 
s^ummits. Valleys and lower slopes are generally forested, but the vegeta¬ 
tion of the tree.less fjeld is scanty. Permanent snow and ice fields 
occupy parts of the highest terrain. 

East of the highlands and centrally located with respect to the non- 
mountainous Areas of the region (Clothing Requirement Areas VI-A, VI--B, 
VII--A, VII“B, and VII~G), the Baltic Sea occupies the bottom of a lowland 














basirio The land rising gently frora this inland sea includes Estonia^ 
Latvia, Lithuania, Denmark, and most of Sweden and Finlando Spruce-fir 
forests, interrupted here and there by rivers, lakes and bogs, clothe 
most of the land^ surface of Sweden and Finland (Figure 2b) o Along the 
Arctic coast the forest gives way to a strip of treeless tundra« ■ In the 
south, including Denmark, the Baltic States, and the coastal belts of 
Norway, Sweden, and Finland, the tree cover has been largely removed. The 
open flat or rolling countryside is characterized by fields, meadows, 
barns, houses, and other cultural features of the dense rural population 
(Figure 2a) * Cities are largely confined to the coasts of the Baltic and 
North Seas. 

The relief of a particular area, together with temperature and the 
state of the ground, determines the type of footgear best suited for com¬ 
bat use. In all mountainous areas, Shoepacs , suitable for climbing wet or 
snow covered slopes, are required for at least part of the year. At ele¬ 
vations below 1,000 feet along the Norwegian coast (Areas I?-l, VI-1, and 
VI-2) where conditions are cool and wet year-round, Shoepacs , are neces¬ 
sary during all months. At the upper fjeld level, Shoepacs are required 
during summer only, when the surface is wet and waterlogged. On the fjeld 
Boots, Arctic, felt and Boots, mukluk are needed during those months when 
mean temperatures drop below 14^F. Mukluks keep the feet a little warmer 
at extremely low temperatures (below -30‘'F),'but Arctic felt boots are 
better suited for use with skis and snowshoes, 

b. Climate . Of the climatic variants, temperature and precipita-. 

tion have the greatest effect on the clothing allowance. 

(l) Temperature . In winter, there is a general tendency for 
temperatures to decrease from west to east throughout the region. Highest 
winter temperatures are experienced along the west coast of Norway. Ona, 
for example, off the southwest, coast of Norway, records a mean temperature 
of for February, the coldest month. Winter temperatures east of the 

mountains in central and northern Sweden and Finland are much lower, 
rarely rising above the freezing point, and minimums as Ioy^ as -30® and 
-40^F are common. The Baltic States, Denmark, and southern Norway and 
Sweden (Area VI-A) are considerably warmer in winter than the areas immedi¬ 
ately to the north. 


In summer there is'a general reversal of temperature tendencies, with 
temperatures increasing from west to east. West-facing coasts are cool 
with mean temperatures of the warmest months between 50® and 55°F; east of 
the highlands, throughout the Baltic depression, summers are mild with 
mean monthly temperatures between 60® and 65^F. Summer decreases in 
length from south to north, until, in northern Finland, there are only two 
vfarm months., There is also a constant decrease of temperature with eleva¬ 
tion and the coolest part of Scandinavia is the upper portion of the 
highlands. 


3 


Because clothing is designed primarily to protect against the effects 
of outside temperature^ seasonal clothing changes follow closely the pro¬ 
gression of temperature through the year. Arctic clothing is required in 
Zone VII in months when mean temperatures are below Ik^F: 2 months (Janu¬ 
ary and February) in central Sweden and Finland (Area VII-A) to as many as 
6 months (November through April) in the uppermost levels of the Scandina¬ 
vian Highlands (Area VII-2) . Summer clothing of Zone VII is intended^to 
protect against mild temperatures, and is composed chiefly of 'lightweight 
woolen garments similar to those worn in northern New England. 

In contrast to the extremes of seasonal needs within Zone VII, Zone 
IV (Area IV-I) requires lighter vdnter and heavier summer clothing. At 
the lowest level (below 1,000 feet), mean temperatures of the coldest 
months are above 32'^F and those of the warmest summer months are less than 
20‘^F higher. Woolen underwear and the wool overcoat are not necessary 
during summer; otherwise, the same woolen uniform is worn at all seasons. 

The low winter temperatures of Northern Europe are of great concern 
to the combat soldier. He is interested in knoYdng how to keep warm. 

EVen at O^F, a temperature well above the minimums to be e:xpected, an inac¬ 
tive man clothed in the warmest of garments cannot maintain proper body 
warmth indefinitely. When the wind is blowing, cold air feels even colder, 
and the loss of body heat is accelerated. At 5°F, a wi-nd of 20 mph, for 
example, cools a man’s bare skin as effectively as a 2 mph wind at -40^F. 
Winds are usually not strong enough, however, to produce acute ’’wind-chill” 
except in the Scandinavian Highlands v^rhere high velocities are frequent. 

Blowing snow is often associated with low temperature and high wind. 
Snow crystals blown at high speeds feel like pins and needles on exposed 
parts of the body, causing discomfort and hastening frostbite. When . 
forced inside the' clothing, snow crystals can melt, reducing the effective¬ 
ness of clothing in keeping one warm. Hoy/ to guard against such over¬ 
exposure and how to use clothing as efficiently as possible are probably 
as important to the existence of the soldier operating in the field as the 
clothing itself. For clothing use techniques see TM 10-275 Principles of 
Cold Weather Clothing and Equipment . 

Nowhere within the region is a cotton uniform indicated for summer 
wear. Although summer afternoon temperatures of the Baltic lands occa¬ 
sionally approach 90°F and frequently exceed yV'^F, the temperature above 
which many people find wool uncomfortable, night and''early morning tem¬ 
peratures are usually so low that cotton does not provide sufficient warmth. 
Troops, therefore, will be overprotected during short periods of some days, 
but for 24-hour outdoor living, they are better clothed in wool than in 
cotton. 


(2) Precipitation . The patterns of precipitation east and west 
of the Scandinavian water divide differ both in amounts and in seasonal 
occurrence. In the west, roughly the equivalent of the mountai.n Areas, 


4 



precipitation is heavy throughout the year mth the maxi.muiii in fall and 
mnter« Exposed to the moisture“laden mnds from the North Atlantic^ the 
west and southwest coasts of Norway have recorded yearly totals up to 120 
inches. Most of the precipitation falls as rain or drizzle on an average 
of more than 200 days per year. At the higher levels the west-facing 
slopes undoubtedly receive greater amounts^ much in the form of snowj, and 
annual totals may exceed 200 inches. Even along the Arctic coasts annual 
precipitation averages 25 inches or morOo On the other hand, protected 
sites record lower amounts, and annual averages of 10 to 15 inches are 
common in some valleys a short distance inland from the coast. East of 
the water di.vide, roughly the land surface of the non-mountainous Areas, 
precipitation averages between 15 to 30 inches yearly. No season is very 
wet but summer rainfall exceeds that of any other season. 

In the coastal sections of Norway special wet weather clothing is 
necessary for complete protection, Parka and trousers, wet weather , 
designed to protect against cold rain and wet snow, are desirable for some 
troops below the 1,000 foot level in Areas IV-1 and VI-l for all seasons 
except summer when the Raincoat or Poncho will protect adequately against 
the warmer rains, At the lowest mountain level of the north coast (Area 
VI-2) Parka and trousers, wet weather are necessary in all seasons except 
winter when a snow cover usually prevails. Although precipitation totals 
of the intermediate and uppermost levels of the mountains probably exceed, 
those below 1,000 feet, Parka and trousers, wet weather are not recom- 
mendedo Rather, the Poncho, lightweight, od provides adequate rain pro- 
tectio,n, and, at the .same time, allows considerab.le f.reedom of bod.y 
movement when worn, a condition necessary Y/hen traversing the rugged ter¬ 
rain of the Scahdi.navian Highlands, 

The conde.nsation of water vapor inside one’s clothing is a serious 
moisture problem during cold weather. As the skin emits moisture, water 
vapor forms and permeates through the inner clothing, Wien the vapor 
reaches each slightly colder layer of clothing, it condenses and wets the 
garments. This wetting is hastened considerably when, one is engaged l.n 
strenuous work such as snowshoeing or walking in deep snow. When clothes 
are wet, their insul.ating qualities are great.ly reduced, and chills may 
result. Moist air, however, can be removed by ventilation — periodically 
forcing the air through the collar or waist of the parka, Mome,ntary dis¬ 
comfort may result, but ventilation is very important in keeping clothes 
dry. 


Cc Ground conditions . Wet-cold surfaces and snow covered ground 
are important features of the land surface affect,ing proper clothing pro¬ 
tection: the one in respect to footgear requirements, the other in 
respect to camouflage items a 

(1) Wet-cold ground o Wet-cold ground is common to all Clothing 
Requireme.nt Areas of Northern Europe^ This surface conditi.on, however, 
varies seasonally with latitude and vath elevation.o Along the fjorded 


5 


west coast of Norway wet-cold ground varies from, a year-round condition in 
some locations near sea level to a summer condition only at the uppermost 
levels. In the Baltic lowlands of the south (Area VI-A) and the west 
coast of Norway (Areas IV-1 and VI-1)'the wet-cold period is confined 
chiefly to the vdnter with its rain and snow.-, Northward and eastward 
(Area VI-B)^ winters are colder and drier^ and wet-cold ground is associ¬ 
ated with the spring thaw and fall freeze. Finally^ in the far north 
(Areas VII-B and VII-C and lower level of VI-2), this surface conation 
lasts from spring through summer into fall. Because of its duration, 
areal extent, and effects, v/et-cold ground is of special significance. 

In the wet-cold lands of the Arctic coast and fjeld uplands, the 
landscape is conspicuously lacking in trees. Whether bare of vegetation 
or covered with a. low growing matting of grasses, mosses, lichens, or low 
bushes, such expanses are termed ’’tundra”. Peat bogs and ,swamps are 
numerous and many small pools dot the surface. In summer, the tundra is 
very soft in places, and one may sink ankle deep in the mire with every 
step. Even south of the tundra within the coniferous forests of Norway, 
Sweden, and Finland, v^et-cold ground may be encountered. The forest floor, 
composed of duff and peat, is spongy and somewhat yielding to the foot. 
During the spring thaw, the ground is thoroughly saturated. In mid-summer, 
the ground, though wet beneath the uppermost layer of duff, is firmer, 
drier, and better suited for military transit. Peat bogs and lakes are 
especially numerous in central and southern Finland (Figure 2b) but are 
distributed throughout the forest. 

Shoepacs are recommended for use on wet-cold ground. They provide 
better protection than any other military foot apparel against the con¬ 
traction of trenchfoot or other foot ailments prevalent in wet-cold areas. 
However, both Shoepacs and Boots, service, combat , are generally indi¬ 
cated simultaneously for use during wet-cold periods.: The combat boot is 
designed for use on dry ground, and is satisfactory when activity is. con¬ 
fined to highway operations or garrison duty. On the other hand, for 
field duty, Shoepacs are essential (Figure 3) 

( 2 ) Snow c over. Except in the mountain Areas, the winter land- - 
scape is generally characterized by a continuous snovj- cover. In Denmark 
thin snows usually cover the ground from late December to mid-Marche ; 
Northward, the snows arrive sooner, accuxiulate deeper, and last longer^ 

In northern Finland, the snow cover is established by October, accumulating 
to a 2 to 3 foot thickness by mid-March, and dissipates by the end of May. 

In the mountains the snovir cover is irregular. Permanent snow and ice 
fields occupy portions of the highest terrain and some mountain passes are 
cholced with snow for 7 to 8 months of the year. Conversely, many:.of the 
v^est-facing valleys and fjords are snow-free all, or nearly all of the year. 
The fjeld surfaces, though high, are usually swept bare of snow by high 
winds. 

The snow camouflage uniform ( Parka and trousers, field, overwhite , and 
Mittens, overwhite ) is listed in the tables for those months when a snow 


6 



























cover can be expected to exist .- The mantle of snow^ however^ in any given 
locality may vary in depth and in duraricn from year to year. This is 
especially true in the southern Baltic (Area VI-A) where some winters are 
nearly snow-free. Consideration^ then, must be given to the existing snow 
on the ground for most effective use of overwhites. Even in areas of 
heavy snow cover^ the use of overwhites is sometimes questionable. 

Wherever the monotony of a sugyj cover is broken by the physical details of 
the landscape^ as in heavily wooded areas or in densely populated districts 
where cultural'features predominate, the effecti’veness of the snow camou¬ 
flage uniform is reduced, In such areas partial use of the snow camouflage 
uniform may effect the best results. Within snovir mantled forests, for 
example, it is conceivable that men wearing overwhites on the lower half of 
their bodies are less distinguishable than men clad in full overwhites, for 
the upper part of their bodies may blend more readily with the background 
of dark colored tree trunks. 

d. Insects. As in most parts of the world, summer is the insect 
season of Northern Europe,. The pestiferous element of the insect popula¬ 
tion is made up chiefly of mosquitoes, black flies, and sand flies which 
are present throughout the region,, Insect control, however, has reduced 
their numbers in the densely populated districts (Area VI—A) <> Within the 
forested and tundra portions of the region, on the other hand, hordes of 
insects can make life ext.remely uncomfortable. From late liay or early June 
to the first heavy frost of fall, the mosquito, in particular, is a problem, 
and protective measures must be taken. 

In all the Clothing Requirement Areas of Northern Europe the need for 
insect protection is indicated in the tables for at least three summer 
months. Mel,hods of protection vary widely, however, according to individual 
needs and individual preference for items composing Anti-insect materials. 
Some people are less irritated by insects than others and may prefer Repel¬ 
lent, insec t only. Others may choose Headnet, mosquito and Gloves, mosquito 
for use in the field. Still others may develop a psychological and physio¬ 
logical immunity to biting insects, and require no protection whatsoever. 

In any case, Anti-insect items should be available for use and must be 
provided. 

3. CLOTHING SUMMARY. Clothing requirements for Northern Europe, itemi.zed 
in detail in the Clothing Requirement Tables, can be summarized in three 
groups (Table 2): cool weather, cold weather, and very cold weather. Not 
all items of each group are required in a specific area, but selections 
from the groups will provide suitable protection under average conditions of 
the applicable season. The Clothing Requirement Tables at the end of this 
Almanac show the detailed requirements for individual items. 

In summer cool weather clothing as listed in Table 2 is generally suit¬ 
able for use throughout the region when mean monthly temperatures are 
between 50° and 68°F<. In the Baltic sections (Areas VI-A and VI-B), tem¬ 
peratures approach 68°F, and cool weather clothing is used without the 


8 


TABLE 2: 


CLOTHING GEOUPS, NORTHERN EUROPE 


Cool Weather- 


Cold Weather 


Jacket^ fields w/hood, jacket & overcoat 
Jacket^ wool^ od 

Jacket & Trousers^ herringbone tvrill 

Poncho^ lightweight^ od 

Raincoat 

Shirt, flannel, od, & Trousers, field, 
wool, od 

Sweater, high neck 
Trousers, field, cotton, od 
Boots, knee wader 

Boots, service, combat, russet, or Shoes 
service; w/l prr socks, wool, cushion 
sole 

Shoepacs, 12 ino w/2 pr. socks, wool, 
ski; 1 pro insoles, felt 
Glove-'Shells, leather, w/2 pr.. inserts, 
wool 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor 
Bag, sleeping, wool • 

Blanket, wool, od 

Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping 
Anti-insect 

Very Cold Weather 


Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket & 
overcoat 

'-■Jacket, field, pile, od 
Jacket, wool, od 

Jacket & Trousers, herringbone twill 
Overcoat 

'-Parka & Trousers, field, overwhite 
'-"-'Parka & Trousers, wet weather 
Poncho, lightweight, od 
Raincoat 

Shirt , flannel, od, & Trousers 
field, wool, od 
Sweater, high neck 
Trousers, field, cotton, od 
Undershirt Drawers, winter 
Shoepacs, 12 in.-, w/2 pro socks, wool, 
ski; 1 pro insoles, felt 
Boots, knee wader 
Boots, service, combat, russet, OR 
Shoes, service, w/l pr.. socks, wool, 
cushion sole 

Glove-shells, leather, w/2. pro inserts, 
wool. 

"-'Mitten.she.lls, w/2 pr„ inserts, 


Jacket, field, pile, od 

Parka-liner, pile & Pa.rka-shell, cotton, 
od, OR Overcoat, parka type w/pile 
liner 

Parka & Trousers, field, overwhite 
Shirt, flannel, od, & Trousers, field, 
wool, od 

Sweater, high neck 
Trousers, field, cotton, od 
Undershirt & Drawers, winter 
Boots, Arctic, felt, w/l prr socks, wool 
cushion sole; 2 pro socks, wool, ski; 

1 pro insoles, felt, OR Boots, mukluk, 
w/l pro socks, wool, cushion sole; 2 pr. 
socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr,. insoles, felt 

Mitten-'shells, w/2 pr^ inserts, trigger- 
finger 

Mittens, Arctic, w/2 pr. inserts, 
trigger-finger 
Mitt e.n s, overwhi t e 
Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor 
Cap, field, pile, od, MQ--1 
Mask, cheek protector, Arctic 
Muffler, W00.1., od 
Bag, sleeping, Arctic 
Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping 


trigger-finger 
"-Mitte.ns, overwhite 
Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor 
"-'Cap, field, pi.le, od, MQ-1 
Muffler, wool, od 
Bag, sleeping, mountain 
Blanket, wool, od 

Case, water repelle.nt, bag, sleeping 


Not in lower level of Zo.ne IVo 

Worn in rai.ny west coast areas 
(IV-'I and Vl-1.) in winter and 
spring; in the north coast area 
(VI-2) in summer. 


9 


Glove- shells, l.eather , Jacket , wool, od , and Sweater, high neck o In 
northern Norway (Area. VI-2) mean monthly temperatures are close to .50 F and 
rainy weather is common; here, Ba^, sleeping,, mountain . Overcoat, wool, od . 
P arka & Trousers, wet- weather , and Undershirt & Drawers, winter are neces¬ 
sary in addition to the cool weather group. 

In winter, requirements for clothing protection vary from locality to 
locality within the region. In Zones IV and VI, when the mean monthly tem¬ 
peratures are between 11^ and 50®F, varying combinations of cold weather 
clothing are required. In addition. Boots, Arctic, felt . Hit1ens, Arctic 
and Park a-liner, pile & Parka-shell, co^.ton, od are needed in the colder 
sections of Zone VT (Areas Vl-2 and VI-b) wh en me an monthly temperatures 
are between 14° and 23°F. 

The warmest issue of military clothing, the very cold weather group , 
is used throughout Zone VII and in the upper mountain letrels of Zone VI in 
those months with mean monthly temperature below 14°Fa Certain items in 
this group are needed with mean monthly temperature up to 23°Fo 

In spring and fall, clothing needs change as the seasons progress, 
and requirements are intermediate between summer and winter needs. In Zone 
VII, spring and fall needs approximate those of winter in Zone VI, and the 
cold weather assembly is used., 

In any given group the need for two or more clothing items for the 
same general purpose may be indi'^ated. This is not to imply that the items 
should be worn at the same time; rather, choice for varying climatic condi¬ 
tions and varying activities is provided. For example. J acket, field , 
pile, and Jacket, wool, od are both listed for the cold weather group. The 
former should be worn on cold days or at night, the latter may be worn on 
warmer days; moreover, the pile jacket, is strictly an out-'ot-doors item, 
whereas the wool jacket is designed for garrison wear as well. 

Certain clothing items which are mandatory in a.ll Zones, such as 
Drawers, cotton , and Belt, waist, have not been listed in the Clothing 
Requirement Tables nor the table of clothing g:roups. In all mountainous 
areas, specialized mountaineering equipment and clothing are normally 
necessary, in addition to the clothing listed, 

4. INTERPRETATION AND USE OF CLOTHING REQUIREMENT TABLES .^ A general dis¬ 
cussion of the Clothing Requirement Tables is given in the i,ntro duct ion. 

In using the tables, however, it is important to remember that any given 
month may deviate from the a,verage in some respect. In years of great 
departure from the normal the need for a particular item or a group of 
items wi„ll be for longer or shorter periods than indicated. 

For certain months the tables list more clothing than would be normally 
expected. For example, the table for Area VII-B .lists more clothing for the 
month of April than for Hay and about the same amount as for March. This is 
not to imply that April is as cold as March, but rather that April is a 


month of changing ‘^■onditlons^ and encugh clothing variety is offered to 
provide projection as conditions necessitate ^ Consequently, twc. or more 
clothing items for the same general purpose may be indicated for the same 
month o 

5, SUPPLEKEMTARY ARMY PUBLICATIONS - Information concerning the con- 
stiuction^ function, ir.anner of wear^ and approved methods of care of each 
item of clothing may be found in one or more of the following Army 
publications c 

ao FM 31 YO: Arctic Operations (Drafc of March 1.9A9)» .Chapter 
Clothing and Individual Equipment, summarizes the general principles of 
cold weather clothing and des^rribes many of the •''lothing and equipment 
items designed for use in the Arctic and Sub.Arctic. 

bo TM 1.0-27,5s Principles of Cold Weather Clothing and Equipment 
(October 1944) . The proper use, care, and maintenance of cold weat.her 
clothing and equipment are discussed for the principal items protecting 
the body, the feet, the hands, and the head. The principles of insula¬ 
tion on the layer basis, proper fitting and sizing of clothing, the 
importance of clean and dry clothing, and the relations.hi.ps between body 
activity and clothing amounts are emphasized. Specifications are fur¬ 
nished as to the actual temperatures when certain outer protective items 
of clothing and equipment are to be worn. 

Co TM 1-240: Arctic Manual (January 1,944)- Chapter 4^ Clothing 
and Equipment, generalizes the information contained in the TM 10-275 
(October 1944) lArith special emphasis on problems of the Arctic environ¬ 
ments A section on summer clothing, p. 125, indicates the problems of 
insects, wet ground surfaces and the very variable clim.atic conditions. 

do FM 70-'15: Operations in Snow and Extreme Cold (Noveuiber 1944).' 
Chapter 3:> Clothing, is a generalization of TM 10'-2755 Chapter 5, Snow 
Shoes; Chapter 6, Skiing; and Chapter 9^ Eopjip.ment, are of special 
interest« 

e. FM 70-10: Mountain Operation (September 1.947) „ Chapter 1, 
General Consideratio.ns; Chapter k, Conditioning and A'-climatization; 
Chapter 6, Weather; and Chapter 7^ Winter Characteristics, discuss the 
relationship between the soldier and the mountain environment. 

fo FM 21--15: Individual Clothing and Equipment (April 194.5) . 
Emphasis is placed on the care of clothing and equipment and methods of 
assembling and packing., 

go TM 10--228: Fi tting of Shoes and Socks (February 1946) o The 
importance of proper shoe fitting methods, foot .measuring equipme.nt and 
procedures, sock fitting and size correlation, and size data for boots 
and shoes including approved sock combinations, are the more important 
sections of this manual. 


ho Films and Film Strips: 

(1) FS 10-142 (1944) Cold Weather Clothing - Part I: Principles 

(2) FS 10-143 (1944) Cold Weather Clothing - Part II: Body, 

Clothing. 

(3) FS 10-144 (1944) Cold Weather Clothing - Part III: Footwear 

(4) FS 10-145 (1944) Cold Weather Clothing - Part IV: Handwear 

and Headgear, 

(5) MISCo 1344 (1947) Task Force Williwaw. Cold weather tests 
of personnel and equipment in the Aleutian cold, wet climate. 

(6) MISC. 1360 (1948) Task Force Frigid, Cold weather tests of 
personnel and equipment in Alaska at 60'^F below zero, 

6, OTHER CLOTHING ALMANACS . Clothing Almanacs for adjoining regions are: 

Greenland, Iceland, Jan Mayen, and Svalbard (No, 4? August 1950) 

Western U,S.S,R, (No, 6, September 1950) 

Central Europe 
British Isles 

7, CLOTHING REQUIREMENT TABLES . The 18 tables of Field Clothing Require¬ 
ments for the 10 Areas of Northern Europe are arranged according to Clothing 
Allowance Zones, those for Zone IV being followed by those of Zone VI and 
finally Zone VII. Within each Zone, the tables for non-mountainous areas 
come first, in alphabetical order; the mountain area tables follow in 
numerical order, with the tables for the lowest elevation of each area 
coming first, then for upper levels in ascending order. 

Areas to which each table applies are shown on the folding map in the 
back. For best use of the tables, especially as regards selection from 
them of clothing items best suited to the individual location and year, 
the preceding text should be consulted. 


12 


FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 



NORTHERN EUROPE 


BODY- CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket 8 overcoat. . . . 

Jacket, wool,od. 

Jocket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoot, woo!, od. 

Porko a Trousers, field,overwhite. 

Parka a Trousers, wet weather. 

Poncho,lightweight,od. 

Raincoat. 

Shirt a Trousers,cotton, khaki . 

Shirt,flonnel,od,a Trousers, field, wool,od. 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers,fie I d, cot ton,od. 

Undershirt a Drawers, wi nter. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, knee wader. 

Boots, service, combat, russet', OR Shoes, 
service; w/tpr. socks,wool, cushion sole. 
Shoepacs, I2in., w/2pr, socks, wool, ski; 

Ipr. insoles, felt. 

HAN DGEAR 

Glove- shells, leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. . 
Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

Co p, fiel d, cotton, od, w/vi sor. 

Cap, herringbone twill. 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

Bag, sleeping, wool. 

Blanket, wool, od. 

Case, water repelleat, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti -insect t See Introduction). 


Item usually required in this month 


rC - I ( below 1000 ft.) 



IV 5/25/50 


^ Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 
specially because "discretionary" in this zone 


13 


























FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE IZ - I ( oboi/e 1000 ft.) 


BODY CLOTHING 


Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket 8 overcoat . , . 

Jacket, field, pile, od. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

Jacket a Trousers,herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parka-liner, pile, a Parka- shell, cotton, od, 
OR Overcoat, porka type, w/pile liner. . . 

^ Parka a Trousers, field, overwhite. 

Parka 8 Trousers, wet weather. 

poncho, lightweight, od. 

Jfc Raincoat. 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, f Ian nel, od, 8 Trouser s, fi el d, wool, od 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt 8 Drawers, winter. 



FOOTGEAR 

3k Boots, Arctic, felt, w/| pr. socks, wool, cushion sole; 
2pr. socks, wool, ski; Ipr. insoles, teIt, OR Boots, 
mukluk, w/l pr. soc ks, wool, cushi on sole; 2 pr. 
socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. socks, felt; 2pr. insoles, felt . 

)|c Boots, knee wader. 

Boots, service, combat, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

3k Shoepacs, I2ln., w/2pr. socks, wool,ski; 

I pr. insdies, felt. 

HANDGEAR 

Glove-shells, leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. 

3k Mitten - shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger-finger. . . 
3k Mittens, Arctic, w/2 pr, inserts, trigger-finger. . . 
3k Mittens, overwhite. 





HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/vlsor. 
3k Cop, field, pile, od, MQ-I. . . . 

3k Cap, herringbone twill. 

3k Mask, cheek protector, Arctic 
3k Muffler, wool, od. 


SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

3k Bog, sleeping, Arctic. 

3k Bog, sleeping, mountain. 

3k Bag, steeping, wool. 

3k Blanket, wool, od. 

3k Cose, water repellent, bog, sleeping 

OTHER ITEMS 

3k Anti-insect (See Introduction).. 



Item usually required in this month 

Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 
speciolly because "discretionory'* in this zone. 


V 5/25/50 


14 












































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE - A 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket 8 overcoat. 

^ docket, field, pile,od. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

Jacket 8 Trouser s, her ringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parka - liner, pile 8 Parka-shel 1, cotton,od 

OR Overcoat, parko type,w/pile liner. 

jjc Parka a Trouser s, field, overwhite. 

Parko a Trousers,wet weather. 

Poncho,lightweight,od. 

^ Raincoat. 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, flannel, od, a Trousers, fiel d, wool, od .... 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers,field,cotton, od. 

Undershirt 8 Drowers, winter.. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, feh, w/1pr. socks, wool, cushion sole; 
2 pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. ihsoles, felt, OR 
Boots, muktuk, w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. socks, felt; 
2 pr. i n so-l e s, f el t. 

^ Boots, knee wader. 

Boots, service, combot, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion sole . 

5k Shoepacs, 12 in., w/2 pr. socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. 

insoles, felt . 

HAN DGEAR 

Glove - s hel Is, leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. 

5 k Mitten - shell s, w/2 pr. inserts,tri gger finger. 

5 k Mittens, Arctic, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger . . 
5k Mittens, over w hite. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 

5k Cap, field, pile, od, M Q-1. 

5k Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Muffler, wool, od.. 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

5k Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

5k Bag, sleeping, wool. 

5k Blanket, wool, od. 

5k Cose, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

5k Anti-Insect (See Introduction). 


Item usually required in this month 

Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 
specially bepause *'discretionary” in this zone 


VI 5/2S/50 

















































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE 21 - B 


* 


* 

* 

* 

* 


* 


* 


* 

* 

* 


* 

* 


* 

* 

* 


* 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/h 00 d, jacket 8 overcoat . . . . 

Jacket, field, pile,od. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

Jocket 8 Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parko - liner, pile 8 Parko-she! I,cotton,od 

OR Overcoat, parka type,w/pile liner. 

Parka 8 Trouser s, field,overwhite. 

parka 8 Trousers,wet weother . 

Poncho, li ghtwei ght, od. 

Raincoat. 

Shirt a Trouse rs, cotton, k h a k i. 

Shirt,flonnel, od, a Trousers, field, wool, od . . 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers,fiel d,cotton, od. 

Undershirt 8 Drawers, winter. 


FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, fell, w/I pr. soc ks, wool, cushion sole; 
2 pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. rnsoles, felt, OR 
Boots, mukluk, w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. inso-l es.felt. 

Boots, knee wader. 

Boots, service, combat, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. soc k s, wool, cushi on sole . 

Shoepacs, I 2 in., w/2 pr, socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. 

insoleSjfelt. 

HAN DGEAR 

Glove-shells,leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. 

Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts,trigger finger. 

Mittens, Arctic, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger , . 
M itten s, ove r w hit e. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap,field, cotton,od,w/ visor. 

Cap, field, pi le, od, M Q- I. 

Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

Bag, sleeping, wool.. . 

Blanket, wool, od. 

Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-insect (See Introduction). 


I2QI 


mQii 






g 

g 

non 


■ 

■ 

■ 

1 

■ 

■ 

1 

■ 

■ 

■ 

■ 

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Mi 

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HH 

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igg 

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IBM 

■■ 

IMi 

IBM 

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1 

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IMl 

IBM 


■■ 

mm 

|■■■ 

immm 




I^HH 

!■■■■ 

'HH 

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|H 

IMl 

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HI 

^g 

gg 

BM 

IIM 


■ 

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■ 

■ 

■ 

■ 

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■ 

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1 

|H 


IMi 


IH 


IH 

■ 

B 

m 

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IMB 


g 

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jm 

HI 

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IHH 

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BBI 


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MH 

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IBM 


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IMB 

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Hi 

IHI 

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1 

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IH 

iiIh 









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■ 

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■■■ 


gg 



^g 

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Hi 

^H 



B 

j^g 

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BH 

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■■■ 

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1 

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Hii 


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BM' 

HB 

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HB 

BH 

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i^fli 

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1 

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■ 

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mmm Item usually required in this month 

Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 
specially because "discretionary" in this zone 


VI 5/25/SO 


16 

















































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN 


EUROPE 21 - I ( below 1000 ft.) 


* 


* 

* 


* 

* 

5<C 


* 

* 

* 


* 


* 

* 


* 


BODY CLOTHING 







jQII 

QQ 




QQHl 













Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket 8i overcoat. 

Jacket field pile od 












MMI 






_ 

_ 

BM 


... 

...— 








BMi 










_ 






mii 

■■1 



■MM 

Par ko - li ner, pil e ft Parka - shel 1, cotton,od 







■ 

■ 

■I 





warn 








■■ 




Parko a Trousers, wet weather. 


mmm 

Mi 

mmm 

MB 

h_ 


_ 



■M 

MM 

Poncho, lightweight, od.• 







■M 




MM 


Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, f 1 an nei, od, a Trousers, fi el d, wool, od .... 


















_ 

_ 


_ 

_ 

_ 

- 







BM 

BBBB 

BM 



■H 





MB 

BBBB 

I^M 






. 

Trousers,field,cotton,od . 



_ _ 

BM 





■■1 




FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole; 
2pr. socks,wool,ski; Ipr.'insoles,felt, OR 

Boots, mukluk, w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2pr. socks, wool, ski; Ipr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. inso-1 es, f e 11 . . 



















. 





bM 


Boots, service, combat, russet, OR Shoes, service; 













Shoepac s, 12 in., w/2 pr. sock s, wool, ski; Ipr. 













insoles,felt. 

HAN DGEAR 







M 







■M 









B^ 



Mittens, Arctic, w/2pr. inserts, trigger-finger. . 

— 

- - 

— 

_ 

— 



— 


— 

— 

— 

Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

























^M 

Mask,cheek protector, Arctic. 

_ 

_.. 


_ 

— 



— 


_ 

_ 

-- 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 



mJ 



» 







































m 






. 

OTHER ITEMS 



















_ 



_ 





■MV Item usually required in this month 

sfc Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 

specially because “discretionary” in this zone 


17 












































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE 3ZI - I (1000-4000 ft.) 


BODY CLOTHING 


Jocket, field, w/hood, jacket a overcoat . . 

Jacket, field, pile,od. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

Jacket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parka - liner, pile a Parka-shel 1, cotton,od 
OR Overcoat, parka type,w/pile liner. , . 

Parka a Trousers, field,overwhite. 

Parka 8 Trousers, wet weather. 

Poncho, lightweight, od. 

Raincoat. 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, k h a ki. 

Shirt,flannel, od, 8 Trousers,field, wool, od 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers,field,cotton, od. 

Undershirt a Drawer s, wi nte r. 


FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, fell, w/1 pr. socks, wool, cushion sole; 
2pr. socks,wool, ski; Ipr. insoles, felt, OR 
Boots, muklu k, w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. socks, felt; 
2 pr. I nsol es, f elt. 

Boots, knee wader. 

Boots, service, combat, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion sole . 

5k Shoepac s, 12 inw/2 pr. sock s, wool, ski; Ipr. 

Insoles, felt. 

HAN DGEAR 

Glove-shells,leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. 

5k Mitten - shells, w/2 pr. inserts,trigger finger. 

5k Mittens, Arctic, w/2pr. inserts, trigger-finger . . 
5k Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton,odjW/visor. 

5k Cap, fiel d, pi le, od, M Q-!. 

5k Mask, cheek protector, A rcti c. 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEE PI NG EQUIPMENT 

5k Bog, sleeping, mountain. 

5k Bag, sleeping, wool. 

5k Blanket, wool, od. 

5k Cose, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

5k Anti-insect (See Introduction). 


Jan 

Feb 

Mar 

Apr 

Moy 

Jun 

Jul 

Aug 

Sep 

Oct 

Nov 

Dec 





































■H 




























































_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 


_ 

_ 

.. 

























_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 




wmmm 






































































































_ 

_ 







































































- 

_ 







- -- 

_ 





















_ 



























_ 

_ 


























Item usually required in this month 

Item usually required in Indicated months, but must be procured 
speciolly because “discretionary" in this zone 


VI 5/25/50 


18 

































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE JiLL~I (above 4000ft.) 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket a overcoat. 

Jacket, field, pile, od.. 

Jacket, wool, od.. . . . . . 

Jacket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoot, wool, od. 

Parka-liner, pile , 8 Parka-shell, cotton, od, OR 
Overcoat, parka type, w/pile liner. 

* Parka a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

* Parka 8 Trousers, wet weather . 

Poncho , Iight weight, od. 

5k Roincoot. 

5k Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, flannel, od , a Trousers, field, wool, od . . . 

Sweater, high neck .. 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt 8 Drawers, winter. 

FOOTGEAR 

5(c Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pc socks , wool, ski; I pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/1 pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; I pr. socks, felt; 

2pr. insoles, felt.. 

5|c Boots , knee wader. 

Boots, service, combot, russet,. OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepacs, I2in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. insoles, 
felt. 

HANDGEAR 

Glove - shells, leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. 

5f: Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. . . . 
5k Mittens, A retie, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger. . . 
5k Mittens, overwhite.. . 

HEADGEAR 


Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor 
Cap, field, pile.od , MQ-I . . . 
5k Mosk, cheek protector, Arctic. 
Muffler, wool, od. 


SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

Bog, sleeping, Arctic. 

Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

Bag, sleeping, wool. 

Blanket, wool, od. 

Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping 


OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-insect (See introduction). 


Jan 

Feb 

Mar 

Apr 

May 

Jun 

Jul 

Aug 

Sep 

Oct 

Nov 

Dec 









































































- 

































_ 

_ 

_ 






























_ 

_ 

_ 


















MM 





















MIH 

MM 























































ji' 






_ 

_ 

_ 








_ 

_ 







' 






___ 









___ 

































































_ 






_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 






























































item usually 
Item usually 
specially 


•equired 
required 
because "discretionory 


in this month 

in indicated months, but must be procured 
in this zone. 


VM s/es/so 


19 

































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE 301-2 (below 1000 ft.) 


* 


* 

* 

* 

* 

* 


* 


* 


* 


* 

* 

* 


* 

* 


* 

* 

* 


* 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/ hood, jocket a overcoat. 

Jacket,field,pile, od. 

Jac ket, wool, od. 

Jacket a Trousers,herring bone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parka - liner, pile a Parka - shel I, cotton.od 

OR Overcoat, parka type,w/pi!e liner. 

Parka a Trousers, field, overwhite. 

Parka a Trousers,wet weather . 

Poncho, lightwei ght, od. 

Raincoat. 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shir t, f I a nnel, od, a Trouser s, fi el d, wool, od . . . . 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers,fiel d, cotton, od. 

Undershirt a Drowers, winter. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, fell, w/1 pr. socks, wool, cushion sole; 
2 pr. socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. insoles, felt, OR 
Boots, fpukluk, w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole ; 2 pr. s oc ks, wool, ski; I pr. sock s, f el t; 
2 pr. inso-l e s, f elt. 

Boots, knee wader. 

Boots, service, com bat, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/l pr. socks, wool, cushion sole . 

Sh oepa c s, I 2 i n., w / 2 pr. sock s, wool, s ki; I pr. 

insoles, felt . 

HAN DGEAR 

Glove - shelIs, leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. 

Mitten - shells, w/^pr. inserts,tri gger finger. 

Mittens, Arctic, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger . . 
Mittens, over w hit e. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton,od, w/visor. 

Cap, fiel d, pile, od, M Q-I. 

Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEEPING E.QUIPMENT 

Bag, sleeping, mountoin. 

Bag, sleeping, wool. 

Blanket, wool, od. 

Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-Insect (See Introduction). 

mmmmt Item usually required in this month 



VI S/2ft/&0 


Jk Item usually required in Indicated months, but must be procured 
speciolly because ‘*discretionary" in this zone 


20 















































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE 321-2 (above 20P0ft.) 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jan 

Feb 

Mar 

Apr 

May 

Jun 

Jul 

Aug 

Sep 

Oct 

Nov 

Dec 













Jacket field pile od. 





















_ 

_ 




Jacket ft Trousers, herringbone twill. 













Overcoat, wool, od. 













Porka-liner, pile , 8 Parko-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoat, parka type, w/pile liner. 

Parka ft Trousers , field, overwhIte. 






















__ 


mmmi 
















. 



_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 




Raincoat. ^ , . 













Shirt fi Trousers, cotton, khaki .. 













Shirt, flonnel, od, ft Trousers, field, wool, od . . . 











_ 





































■■■ 

mmm 

MM 

Undershirt 8 Drawers, winter. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. socks, wool, 

cushion -sole; Zpr, socks , wool, ski* 1 pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/1 pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr, socks, wool, ski ; 1 pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr insoles felt. 


























Boots, service, combat, russet,. OR Shoes, service; 













Shoepacs, 12in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. insoles, 













HANDGEAR 

G10Ve ~ she 11 s leather ^/2 pr. inserts wool ... 













Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. . . , 
Mittens, Arctic, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger. .. 
Mittea^ over white. 









_ 


_ 

_ 

__ 










. 





_ 







_ 


HEADGEAR 













Cap, field, pile,od , MQ-I. 













MOSk cheek protector Arctic 













Muffler, wool, od. 





■MB 






___ 


SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

Bog, sleeping Arctic. 
















_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 

_ 


. 

—- 

Bag sleeping wool . 













Blanket wool od. 
























_ 

_ 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-insect (See introduction). 



























* 


Item usually 
Item usuolly 
specially 


required In this month 
required in indicated months, 
because "discretionary" in this 


but must be procured 
zone. 


VM 5/25/50 


21 


































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE STL - A 




BODY CLOTHING 


Jacket, field, w/hood, jocket a overcoat. 

Jacket, field, pile, od. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

^ Jacket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parka-liner, pile , a Parka-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoat, parka type, w/pile liner. 

)tc Parka a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

* Porka a Trousers, wet weather . 

Poncho , I ight weight, od. 

jtc Raincoat. . 

5*: Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khoki. 

Shirt , flonnet, od , a Trousers, field, wool, od . 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt a Drawers, winter. 



FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic^ felt, w/lpr. socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pr, socks , wool, s ki *, 1 pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/I pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; I pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. insoles , felt. 

)|c Boots, knee wader.. * • * 

Boots, service, combat, russet^ OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepacs, I2in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. insoles, 
felt. 


HANDGEAR 



Glove-shells, leather, w/2 pr. inserts, wool. . . 
^ Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. 
* Mittens , A retie, w/2 pr. inserts , tri gger-finger 
5k Mittens, overwhite. 


a— —— 

WSSS^ 


HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor 
Cap, field, pile.od , MQ-I . . . 
5 k Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 
Muffler, wool, od. 


SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 


* Bog, sleeping, Arcti c. 

5 k Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

5k Bag, sleeping, wool. 

5k Blonket, wool, od. 

5 k Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping 

OTHER ITEMS 

* Anti-insect (See Introduction). . . 



VBBH 


VH 8/25/90 


aaM Item usually required in this month 

5k Item usually required in indicoted^^ months, but must be procured 

specially because "discretionary" in this zone. 


22 








































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE m - B 


Jan Feb War 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket ft overcoat. 

Jacket, field, pile, od. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

3k Jacket ft Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od.. 

5k Porka-liner, pile , 8 Parka-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoat, parka type, w/pile liner. 

5k Parka 8 Trousers , field, overwhite. 

5k Parka 8 Trousers, wet weather. 

Poncho , I ight weight, od. 

5k Raincoat. 

5k Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, flannel, od , 8 Trousers, field, wool, od . 

Sweeter, high neck ... 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt 8 Drawers, winter. 


FOOTGEAR 

5k Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pn socks , wool, ski; 1 pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/I pr, socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; I pr socks, felt; 

2 pr. insoles, felt. 

5k Boots , knee woder. 

Boots, service, connbot, russet^ OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepocs, I 2 in., w / 2 pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. insoles, 
felt. 


HANDGEAR 

Glove - shells, leother, w/2 pr, inserts, wool. . . 
5k Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. 
5k Mittens , A retie, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger 
5k Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 

Cap, field, pile,od , MQ-I. 

:k Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

5k Bog, sleeping, Arctic. 

5k Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

5k Bag, sleeping, wool.. 

5k Blonket, wool, od. 

5k Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

3 k Anti-insect (See Introduction). 


MH Item usually required in this month 

)k Item usually required In indicoted months, but must be procured 

specially because "discretionary" in this zone. 


■■■■ 


VII 5/25/50 


















































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 

NORTHERN EUROPE 301- C 


* 

* 

* 

* 

* 


* 


5*C 


* 

* 

* 


* 


3 *: 

* 

* 


5k 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jocket, field, w/hood, jacket a overcoat. 

Jacket, field, pile, od.. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

Jocket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Porka - I i ner, pile , 6 Parka-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoat, parka type, w/pile liner. 

Porka a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

Porka a Trousers, wet weather . 

Poncho , Iightweight, od. 

Raincoat . 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khoki. 

Shirt, flannel, od , a Trousers, field, wool, od . . , 

Sweater, high neck.. 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt a Drawers, winter. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr, socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pr, socks, wool, ski; I pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/fpr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; 1 pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. insoles, felt. 

Boots , knee woder.. * • • 

Boots, service, combat, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepocs, I2in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr, insoles, 
felt. 

HANDGEAR 

Glove-shells, leather, w/2 pr. inserts, wool. 

Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, tri gger - finger. . . . 
Mittens, A retie, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger. . . 
Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 

Cap, field, pile,od , MO-I. 

Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Mufflerwool, od. 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

Bag, sleeping, Arctic. 

Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

Bag, sleeping, wool. 

Blanket, wool, od. 

Cose, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-insect (See Introduction). 



vn 9/25/30 


mm Item usually required in this month 

5jc Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 

speciolly because "discretionary" in this zone. 


24 












































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE IZII ■ I ( below 1000 ft.) 


BODY CLOTHING 


Jacket, field, w/hood, jocket a overcoat. 

Jacket, field, pile, od. 

Jocket, wool, od. 

Jacket 8 Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od.. 

Parko-liner, pile , 8 Parko-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoot, porko type, w/pile liner. 

Parko a Trouser s , fie Id, overwhite. 

5k Porko a Trousers, wet weother. 

Poncho , I ight weight, od. 

Raincoat... 

5k Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, flonnel, od , a Trousers, field, wool, od . . 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt a Drawers, winter. 


Jan 

Feb 








FOOTGEAR 

5k Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pr, socks , wool, ski; I pr, insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/I pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. insoles, felt. 

5k Boots , knee wader. 

Boots, service, combat, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepacs, 12 in., w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; ) pr. insoles, 
felt. 


HANDGEAR 


Glove ‘ shells, leather, w/2 pr. inserts, wool. . . 
5k Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. 
)k Mittens , A retie, w/2 pr inserts, trigger-finger 
5k Mittens, overwhite.. 




HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 
Cap, field, pile.od , MQ-! . . . . 
5k Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. , 
Muffler, wool, od. 


SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

5k Bag, sleeping, Arctic*. 

5k Bag, sleeping, mountoin. 

5k Bag, sleeping, wool. 

5k Bl anket, wool, od. 

5k Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping 

OTHER ITEMS 

^ Anti-insect (See Introduction). . . 




MW Item usually required in this month 

5k Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 

specialiy because ’’discretionary" in this zone. 


VM 5/E5/50 



















































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE STL - I ( 1000 - 4000 ft.) 


* 

* 

* 

* 

* 


* 


* 


* 

* 

5*C 


* 


* 

* 

5 *^ 


5k 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket a overcoat. 

Jacket, field, pile, od. 

Jacket, wool, od.. . . 

Jacket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parka-liner, pile , a Porka-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoat, parka type, w/pile liner. 

Parka a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

Parko a Trousers, wet weather . 

Poncho , I ight weight, od. 

Raincoat . 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, flannel, od,a Trousers, field, wool, od . . . 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt a Drawers, winter. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr, socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 po soc ks , wool, s ki; I pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/I pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; I pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. insoles, felt. 

Boots , knee wader. 

Boots, service, combot, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepacs, I2in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. insoles, 
felt. 

HANDGEAR 

Glove - shells, leather, w/2 pr. inserts, wool. 

Mitten-she lls, w/2pr. inserts, tri g ger - f i nger. . . . 
Mittens, Arctic, w/2 pr. inserts, trigger-finger. . , 
Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 

Cop, field, pile.od , MQ-I. 

Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

Bag, sleeping , Arcti c. 

Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

Bag, sleeping, wool. 

Blonket, wool, od. 

Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-insect (See Introduction). 


Jan 

Feb 

Mar 

Apr 

May 

Jun 

Jul 

Aug 

Sep 

Oct 

Nov 

Dec 


































_ 

_ 









... 






























_ 

mmmm 




























_ 

■MU 

_ 

_ 

.. 


































_ 

_ 

_ 











***** 



u 

—— j 

.. 

lU^ 








mmm 




JJJ" 















































































__ 

















_ 







-- 


























mmt 

_ 












_ 

_ 

_ 

■■■1 






___ 

















__ 


___ 




. 1—1 

































_ 


_ 

_ 

_ 



























Mm Item usually required in this month 

5K Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 

speciolly because "discretionary" in this zone. 


VII 5/25/50 


26 




































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE IZU - I (above 4000 ft.) 


klan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov pec 


BODY - Clothing 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket Q overcoat. .. 

Jacket, field, pile, od.... . . . 

Jocket, wool, od... 

)|c Jocket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od.. .. 

Parka -liner, pile, 8 Porko-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoot, porko type, w/pile liner. 

* Porko a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

3k Parka a Trousers, wet weather. 

Poncho, light weight, od.. 

3k Raincoat .... 

3k Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt , flannel, od , a Trousers, field, wool, od . 

Sweater, high neck... 

Trousers, field, cotton, od.. 

Undershirt a Drowers. winter . .. 


FOOTGEAR 

3k Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pn socks , wgol, ski; I pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/1 pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; I pr. socks, felt; 

2pr. insoles, felt. . 

3k Boots , knee wader. 

Boots, service, combat, russet,. OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr: socks, wool, cushion sole. 

ShoepQcs, I2in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr, insoles, 
felt .... 


HANDGEAR 


Glove-shells, leother, w/2 pr. inserts, wool. . . 

3k Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. 

3k Mittens , A retie, w/2 pr. inserts, tri gger-finger 
3k Mittens, overwhite... 


HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od,w/visor. 
Cap, field, pile.od , MQ-I . . . . 
3k Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. . 
Muffler, wool, od. . .. 


SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 


3k Bog, sleeping, Arctic. 

3k. Bag, sleeping, mountain. ........ 

3k Bog, sleeping, wool. 

3k Bl onket, wool, od . .. 

3 k Case, water repellent, bag, sleeping 


OTHER ITEMS 

3 k Anti-insect {See Introduction) 


hh Item usually required in this month 

3k Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 

specially because “disbretionory" in this zone. 


VM 5/28/50 
































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 

NORTHERN EUROPE 301-2 ( below 1000 ft.) 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jocket, field, w/hood, jocket a overcoat. 

docket, field, pMe, od. 

Jocket, wool, od. 

Jocket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoot, wool, od. 

5|c Porko-liner, pile , a PorkO'Shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoat, porko type, w/pile liner. 

Jk Porko a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

* Porko a Trousers, wet weather . 

Poncho , I ight weight, od. 

Roincoot. 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khoki. 

Shirt, flonnel, od , a Trousers, field, wool, od . 

Sweoter, high neck. 

Trousers, field, cotton, od. 

Undershirt a Drowers, winter. 


Oct 

Nov 







FOOTGEAR 

5|c Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr, socks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pr, socks , wool, ski; I pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/I pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; I pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr, insoles, felt. 

3k Boots , knee wader. 

Boots, service, combat, russet^ OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepocs, I2in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. insoles, 
felt. 


HANDGEAR 


Glove-shells, leather, w/2 pr. inserts, wool. . . 
3k Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. 
3k Mittens , Arctic, w/2 pr. inserts , tri gger-finger 
3k Mittens, overwhite. 





HEADGEAR 

Cop, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 
Cop, field, pile,od , MQ-I . . . . 
3k Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. . 
Muffler, wool, od. 


SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 


:k Bog, sleeping, Arctic. 

3k Bog, sleeping, mountoin. 

3k Bog, sleeping, wool. 

3k Blonket, wool, od. 

3k Cose, water repellent, bog, sleeping 

OTHER ITEMS 

3 k Anti-insect (See Introduction). . . 




Item usually required in this month 
3k Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 
speciolly because "discretionary" In this zone. 


Vn 5/25/50 


28 




















































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 

NORTHERN EUROPE 2II-2 (1000 - 4000 ft.) 


* 

5»C 

* 

* 

* 


* 


5|C 


* 

* 


* 


* 

3k 

)k 

3k 

3k 


3k 


BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket a overcoat. 

Jacket, field, pile, od. 

Jocket, wool, od. 

Jacket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoot, wool, od.*. 

Parka-liner, pile , a Porka-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoat, parko type, w/pile liner. 

Parka a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

Parka a Trousers, wet weather . 

Poncho , I ight weight, od. 

Roincoot . 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, flannel, od , a Trousers, field, wool, od . , . 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers, field, cotton,od. 

Undershirt a Drawers, winter. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. sooks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pr, socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/I pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski; I pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. insoles, felt. 

Boots , knee wader. 

Boots, service, combot, russet^ OR Shoos, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepocs, I2in.,w/2pr. socks, \f 00 l, ski; 1 pr. insoles, 
felt. 

HANDGEAR 

GI ove - s hells, leather, w/2pr. inserts, wool. 

Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, tri gger - finger. . . . 
Mittens, A retie, w/2 pr. In se r ts , t r i gger-f i nger. . . 
Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 

Cap, field, pile.od , MO-I. 

Mosk, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Muffler, wool, od.: . . . 

SLEEPING EQUIPMENT 

Bog, sleeping, Arcti c. 

Bag, sleeping, mountain. 

Bag, sleeping, wool. 

Blanket, wool, od. 

Case, water repellent, bog, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-insect (See Introduction). 



n ■ .4 ♦U- -IK 5/ES/50 

Item usually require($ in this month 


3)c Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 
specially because “discretionary" in this zone. 


29 








































FIELD CLOTHING REQUIREMENTS 


NORTHERN EUROPE 3Zir-2 (above 4000 ft.) 


* 

* 

* 

* 


* 


* 


* 

* 

* 


* 


* 

* 




BODY CLOTHING 

Jacket, field, w/hood, jacket ft overcoat. 

Jocket, field, pile, od. 

Jacket, wool, od. 

Jacket a Trousers, herringbone twill. 

Overcoat, wool, od. 

Parko-liner, pile , a Porko-shell, cotton, od, OR 

Overcoot, porka type, w/pile liner. 

Parka a Trousers , field, overwhite. 

Parka a Trousers, wet weather. 

Poncho , I ight weight, od. 

Raincoat . 

Shirt a Trousers, cotton, khaki. 

Shirt, flonnel, od,a Trousers, field, wool, od . . . 

Sweater, high neck. 

Trousers, field, cotton,od. 

Undershirt a Drowers, winter. 

FOOTGEAR 

Boots, Arctic, felt, w/lpr. sopks, wool, 

cushion sole; 2 pr, socks , wooI, ski; I pr, insoles, 
felt, OR Boots, mukluk, w/I pr. socks, wool, cushion 
sole; 2 pr. socks, wool, ski ; I pr. socks, felt; 

2 pr. insoles, felt. 

Boots , k nee wader. 

Boots, service, combot, russet, OR Shoes, service; 

w/lpr. socks, wool, cushion sole. 

Shoepocs, 12in.,w/2pr. socks, wool, ski; 1 pr. insoles, 
felt. 

HANDGEAR 

Glove-shells, leather, w/2 pr. inserts, wool. 

Mitten-shells, w/2pr. inserts, trigger - finger. . . . 
Mittens, A retie, w/2 pr, inserts, tri gger-finger. . . 
Mittens, overwhite. 

HEADGEAR 

Cap, field, cotton, od, w/visor. 

Cap, field, pile.od, MQ-I. 

Mask, cheek protector, Arctic. 

Muffler, wool, od. 

SLEEPING EQ.UIPMENT 

Bag, sleeping, Arctic. 

Bog, sleeping, mountain. 

Bag, sleeping-, wool. 

Blanket, wool, od.. 

Cose, water repellent, bag, sleeping. 

OTHER ITEMS 

Anti-insect (See Introduction). 



Item usually required in this month 

Item usually required in indicated months, but must be procured 

specially because "discretionary” in this zone. 


VM 5/25/50 


30 












































20 ' 


25' 


30' 


35 


40 


CLOT^tmS XLmanac no. 9 

NORTHERN EUROPE 

(SCANDINAVIA, FINLAND, AND THE BALTIC STATES) 

CLOTHING REQUIREMENT 

AREAS 

Roman numerals refer to major Clothing 
Allowance Zones, 

Arabic numbers refer to mountain areos. 

Letters refer to nonmountain areas. 

Clothing Requirements for each 
area ore shown on the corresponding 
fable of the Clothing Almanac. 

Clothing Allowance Zones 
Clothing Requirement Areas 




Vt^ - B 




XI-A 









Umeo 







IV. 


i-i 




Goteborg 

n\ ^ 


OENM ark 


fife A 




JS^sin^ 


J<obenhavr 


U A Ny 

Koun< 




k (N 







:./l4 1 




Political boundaries shown ore those 
in effect in 1940 and are not 
necessarily considered officibl. 


Vf« *i j, P !.Q® 


fHyiRONMENTAL PROTECTION SECTION 


RESEARCH a DEVELOPMENT BRANCH