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01 FEB 2010 



00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 


United States Coast Guard 2010 Posture Statement: With 2011 Budget in 









U.S. Coast Guard,Washington,DC 






Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 















Same as 


Report (SAR) 

19a. NAME OF 

Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) 

Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 


Coast Guard Priorities 

The President’s Budget will allow the Coast Guard to: 

• Recapitalize cutters, boats, aircraft, and 

• Deliver value to the Nation 

• Support and develop a competent, 
capable, diverse, and healthy workforce 

• Modernize business practices 

Front Cover photo credits: Haiti Rescue Mission: PA2 Etta Smith; 
National Security Cutter Waesche christening: Coast Guard Photo; 
Boat crewmember by YN3 Wesley Heuston; and HC-144A aircraft 
by Dave Silva 

Photo credit this page: IT2 Jose Estrada, crewmember of the CGC 
Tahoma, rushes an injured Haitian girl to an awaiting Coast Guard 
HH-60 Jayhawk helicopter Jan. 19,2010. Photo by PA3 Brandyn 

I am pleased to present the United States Coast Guard’s Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Posture Statement. Since 1790, the Coast 
Guard has fulfilled Alexander Hamilton’s vision of safeguarding our Nation’s maritime safety and security, natural resources, 
and economic vitality. As a military service, Department of Homeland Security component, National Intelligence Community 
member, and the Nation’s lead representative at the International Maritime Organization (IMO), we leverage public and private 
partnerships and exercise a broad and complementary mission set to save lives, respond to threats, and mitigate risks throughout 
the maritime domain. Our military, multi-mission nature is our greatest value to the American public and the global maritime 

Our unique contributions were clearly evident in the aftermath of the earthquake that devastated Haiti. As our Nation’s 
maritime first responder, we immediately reallocated resources and a Coast Guard cutter arrived in Port Au Prince harbor the 
next morning while our aircraft began evacuating the most severely injured people. Shortly afterwards, the Seventh Coast Guard 
District Commander was leading the Homeland Security Task Force - Southeast in Miami, a key coordination point for the 
Department’s collective response efforts. Our ability to quickly flow forces, deploy skilled professionals, establish command and 
control networks, and interact throughout the interagency planning process make us a highly effective instrument of national 

The Coast Guard pursued other “whole of government” solutions over the past year to safeguard America’s maritime interests 
wherever they were at stake. We worked with our partners to respond to natural disasters around the country; conducted 
icebreaking operations to facilitate billions of dollars in commerce; operated with our federal partners to interdict thousands of 
pounds of cocaine; participated in the President’s Ocean Policy Task Force; promoted a safe Marine Transportation System; and 
supported U.S. Combatant Commanders in anti-piracy efforts, as well as Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. We 
also saved over 4,000 lives last year. 

The demand for our services continues to outpace our capacity to provide them, placing even more importance on effective risk 
management. That capacity, especially the major operational units needed in Haiti, continues to show signs of age. Accordingly, 
recapitalizing the fleet is our top priority. This investment in our future, through improved and proven acquisition practices, 
is absolutely necessary to ensure the readiness of our fleet which has proven so vital to our Nation’s maritime safety, security 
and environmental protection. We will meet our operational priorities by leveraging all available resources, authorities, and 
partnerships in order to sustain superior service delivery to the maritime public. Enhancing workforce competencies and 
modernizing our business practices will also help mitigate risk and sustain mission performance in any fiscal climate. 

Today, people are coming to understand the relevance, value, and indispensability of a maritime presence capable of insuring 
national sovereignty. Like America, other coastal nations are also concerned with the depletion of living marine resources, the 
safe development of offshore oil and gas industries, illegal migration, drug trafficking, and the use of the global commons for 
piracy, terrorism, or other criminal activities. We will continue to thrive in the future because we can adapt and respond to 
emerging risks. The FY 2011 budget will help us do that. 

The Coast Guard and our Nation are experiencing significant change. What hasn’t changed over the past 219 years is the 
commitment of our people. Our men and women need the right resources to execute their duties and the support systems to 
sustain our operations; they are America’s Guardians and they deserve nothing less. The American people and our international 
partners should be confident that the U.S. Coast Guard is here to protect and ready to rescue at a moment’s and into 
the future. 

Please visit our website,, to learn more about the Coast Guard, our 2009 performance record, and my 
commitment to recapitalize and modernize our Service so future Guardians can meet the maritime challenges of the 21st century. 

Admiral, U.S. Coast Guard 

2009 Highlights 

Flood rescues: A Coast Guard helicopter lowers a rescue swimmer into the Red River 
fbod waters in North Dakota during a search and rescue March 26, 2009. The Coast 
Guard saved more than 100 residents in the fboded areas around Fargo and Grand 
Forks, N.D. Coast Guard photo 

Cutter Waesche accepted: The Coast Guard 
preliminarily accepted the second National Security 
Cutter, CGC Waesche, on Nov. 6, 2009. The National 
Security Cutter is designed to be the flagship of the 
Coast Guard’s modernized fleet. Coast Guard photo 

Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom: U.S. 

Coast Guardsmen and U.S. Navy sailors work together 
as a combined task group to conduct port security 
operations in Kuwait. The Coast Guard has 600 
personnel deployed to support Overseas Contingency 
Operations including Operations Iraqi Freedom and 
Enduring Freedom. U.S. Navy photo 

Miracle on the Hudson: 

The Coast Guard is one of 
the first on scene when US 
Airways Flight 1549 made an 
emergency landing on the 
Hudson River in New York on 
Jan. 15, 2009. In this photo, a 
Guardian stands on the wing of 
the plane as part of a response 
boat crew assisting with the 
rescue of passengers. Photo 
courtesy of Lincoln Karim 

First prosecutions: In 2009, the United States prosecuted the first defendants under the Drug Trafficking Vessel Interdiction Act of 2008. This law 
makes it a felony offense to operate a stateless submarine-like vessel (self-propelled semi-submersible vessel) in international waters with the intent 
to evade detection. In 2009, the Coast Guard interdicted 11 such vessels, all traveling from Colombia. Coast Guard photo 

Tsunami aid: A Guardian guides a crane worker to 
debris in Pago Pago, American Samoa, Oct. 2, 2009. 
Coast Guard units and personnel as well as other 
federal partners responded with aid and relief support 
after the Sept. 29, 2009, earthquake and tsunami. 
U.S. Air Force photo 

Combating piracy: Members of a visit, board, search, 
and seizure (VBSS) team from the guided-missile 
cruiser USS Gettysburg (CG 64) and U.S. Coast Guard 
Tactical Law Enforcement Team South Detachment 
409 capture suspected pirates. U.S. Navy photo 

Drug interdiction: Guardians offload about 2,500 pounds of marijuana with an estimated 
street value of $1.6 million at Coast Guard Base Support Unit Miami. CGC Venturous 
crewmembers seized the drugs along with four suspected smugglers in the Caribbean 
Sea Oct. 1,2009. Photo by PA3 NickAmeen 




Ports, Waterways, and Coastal Security.12 

Drug Interdiction.12 

Aids to Navigation.12 

Search and Rescue.13 

Living Marine Resources.14 

Marine Safety.14 

Defense Readiness.16 

Migrant Interdiction.16 

Marine Environmental Protection.17 

Ice Operations.17 

Other Law Enforcement.18 

Special Feature: Working with Our Partners.20 


Recapitalization of Aging Assets and Infrastructure.24 

Delivering Value to the Nation.26 

Workforce Optimization.28 

Modernization of Business Practices.30 

Special Feature: Underway and Making Way Toward a Greener Coast Guard.32 


Fiscal Year 2011 Initiatives and Enhancements.38 

Fiscal Year 2011 Efficiencies, Reallocations, and Decommissionings.40 

Fiscal Year 2011 Appropriation Summary.41 

Fiscal Year 2011 Appropriation Details 


Photo by Lt. j.g. Todd Vorenkamp 

Coast Guard Missions 

Section I 












U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 9 

Coast Guard Missions 

Coast Guard Missions 

The U.S. Coast Guard is one of the five Armed Forces of the United States and the only 
military organization within the Department of Homeland Security. The Coast Guard protects 
against hazards to people, maritime commerce, and the environment, defends our maritime 
borders, and saves those in peril. It responds quickly to disasters to restore the Nation’s 
waterways. It promotes resiliency of the Marine Transportation System. When called upon, it 
defends the nation at home and abroad alongside the other Armed Forces. In the heartland, 
in the ports, on the seas, and around the globe, the Coast Guard is Here to Protect, Ready 
to Rescue. 

The Coast Guard is ... 

Military - a military service and one of the five branches of the Armed Forces 
of the United States 

Multi-mission - has 11 statutory missions and many other statutory mandates 
Maritime - America’s oldest continuous seagoing service 


How did the Coast Guard come to have so many missions? 

It is America’s oldest continuous seagoing service - since 1790 

It is the product of five different agencies merged over time: 

• Revenue Marine (est. 1790) 

• U.S. Lifesaving Service (est. 1848) 

• U.S. Lighthouse Service (est. 1789) 

• Steamboat Inspection Service (est. 1838) 

• Bureau of Navigation (est. 1884) 

As a result of its long history and demonstrated blend of expertise and capability, 
the Coast Guard has scores of statutory missions and mandates, most of which are 
codified in Titles 14 and 46, United States Code, or contained in other titles of the Code, 
such as Titles 6,10, and 33. 

10 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Coast Guard Missions 

The U.S. Coast Guard 
is the principal federal 
agency responsible 
for maritime safety, 
security, and 
stewardship in U.S. 
ports and inland 
waterways, along the 
coasts, on the high 
seas, and in other 
regions where our 
Nation’s maritime 
equities are at stake. 
As such, the Coast 
Guard protects our 
Nation’s vital economic 
and security interests 

Foreign Countries 

PSI, Bilateral Agreements, 

International Maritime Organization 

High Seas 

Continental Shelf 

Exclusive Economic Zone 

200 nautical miiles 

Contiguous Zone 

24 nautical miles 

Territorial Sea 

12 nautical miles 

The maritime zones as they expand out from land 

to disaster recovery and exemplifies 
the resiliency of the Service and the 
Department. It is clear that a “whole 
of government” approach is critical 
to achieving national objectives. The 
Coast Guard is a vital player in the 
wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and in 
responding to unpredictable events 
such as hurricanes, mass migration, 
terrorism, and H1N1 preparedness. 

The Coast Guard provides the primary 
federal maritime presence to enforce 
laws, secure the maritime border, conduct 
response operations, protect the maritime 
environment, and ensure the resilience of 
the Marine Transportation System that is 
vital to the U.S. economy. 

throughout the maritime domain, including 
the marine transportation system, our natural 
and economic resources, and our maritime 
borders. Coast Guard personnel are trained to 
address all threats and all hazards, in a manner 
consistent with the law and in alignment with the 
Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) goals 
and objectives. 

The Coast Guard delivers value to the public 
through the execution of its 11 
statutory missions. Execution of these 
complementary missions ensures the 
maritime domain is safe and secure, 
and that care is taken to protect the 
marine environment. The role of the 
Coast Guard in the maritime domain 
is enduring — with long-standing 
responsibilities accrued over more than 
two centuries of service. 

It is this multi-mission flexibility, interagency 
coordination, and DoD interoperability, combined 
with the dedication of the Coast Guard workforce, 
that has yielded over 200 years of operational 
excellence. It must be recognized that the 
Coast Guard remains a unique and invaluable 
instrument for national safety, security, and 
stewardship in the maritime domain. The Coast 
Guard will continue to deliver this valuable service 
to the Nation in this century as the last. 

With 11 missions, which often overlap, 
Guardians are able to change focus 
quickly to answer the most pressing 
need. For example, ships or aircraft 
protecting living marine resources 
can be rapidly redirected to rescue 
a mariner in distress, pursue drug 
smugglers, or respond to a pollution 
incident depending upon the evolving 
threats. In addition, the Coast Guard’s 
ability to conduct surge operations and 
leverage partnerships in response to 
nationally significant threats is critical 

Maritime Domain 

The United States has always been a maritime nation. Throughout our 
history, the oceans have served as a form of protection from rivals, 
source of resources and recreation for our people, and means of trade 
with our partners. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA), one in six U.S. jobs is tied to the maritime 

Technically, the Maritime Domain encompasses all areas and things on, 
under, relating to, adjacent to, or bordering on a sea, ocean, or other 
navigable waterway. The Maritime Domain includes all maritime-related 
activities, infrastructure, cargo, and vessels and other means of water 
transport. Practically, ensuring the safety, security, and environmental 
stewardship of the Maritime Domain requires protection of 95,000 miles 
of U.S. coastline and preservation of sustainable fisheries in nearly 3.4 
million square miles of our Exclusive Economic Zone - an area larger 
than the contiguous United States (the lower 48) states. 

It is the Coast Guard’s goal to protect our Nation from threats to the safety 
and security and natural resources of the Maritime Domain. 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 11 

Coast Guard Missions 


• Develop maritime security 

• Detect, deter, and disrupt 
maritime terrorist attacks, 
sabotage, or subversive 

• Respond to and recover 
from attacks that may 

• Work with port partners 
and review vessel and 
facility security plans to 
ensure responsible security 
planning in the private 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard 

• 49,276 armed 
patrols near 
maritime critical 
or key resources 

• 18,690 security boardings of small vessels 

• 4,000 escorts of high-capacity passenger 
vessels (such as ferries and cruise ships) 

• 1,855 security boardings of high interest 
vessels (those posing a greater-than-normal 
risk to the U.S.) 

• 1,429 escorts of high-value U.S. naval vessels 
transiting U.S. waterways 

• 660 escorts of vessels carrying dangerous 

The Coast Guard also began full-time enforcement 
of Transportation Worker Identification Credential 
(TWIC) regulations nation-wide on April 15, 2009. 
Since then, the 
Coast Guard 
has inspected 
more than 
48,000 TWICs 
in port facilities 
throughout the 
United States. 


(Lead federal agency for maritime drug interdiction on the 
high seas) 

• Reduce the supply of illegal drugs entering 
the U.S. via maritime routes through 
interdiction of smugglers and their illicit 
cargos at sea 

• Counter drug trafficking organizations 
through the use of 35 counterdrug bi-lateral 
agreements with partner nations 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast 
Guard removed 
160.1 metric 
tons of cocaine 
valued at over 
$4.9 billion and 
71,234 pounds 
of marijuana 
valued at $64.6 

The Coast 
Guard seized 
58 vessels and 
detained 322 
suspected smugglers. 

A Coast Guard Law Enforcement Detachment 
(LEDET) responded to a Self-Propelled Semi- 
Submersible (SPSS) threat that ultimately led to 
the first conviction under the Drug Trafficking 
Vessel Interdiction Act of 2008. LEDETs 
performed similar interdictions throughout the 

The U.S. Coast Guard/Sierra Leone Agreement 
Concerning Cooperation to Suppress Illicit 
Transnational Maritime Activity, signed June 
26, 2009, marks the first permanent, full-fledged 
bilateral maritime law enforcement agreement 
with a partner nation in Africa. The agreement 
was finalized with the concurrence of the 
Department of State. 


• Provide visual and electronic navigational 
aids, navigation information, and vessel 

Did you know? 

The Coast Guard has 14 canine 
explosive detection teams that 
support law enforcement and security 

The Self-Propelled Semi-Submersible 
vessel is a difficult-to-detect, submarine¬ 
like craft used to illegally transport drugs. 
Coast Guard photo 

12 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Coast Guard Missions 

Did you know? 

With more than 51,000 fixed and fbating federal aids to 
navigation (mostly buoys), the Coast Guard maintains the 
largest such system in the world. That’s more than one aid for 
every military member in the Coast Guard. 

traffic management 
services for 
U.S. navigable 

• Ensure that bridges 
and causeways 
allow for the 
safe passage of 
commerce and 
other marine traffic 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard facilitated the safe and efficient 
movement of vessels on the Nation’s 25,000 miles 
of waterways, 12,000 miles of inland waterways, 
and 95,000 miles of coastline comprising the 
U. S. Marine 
System, a critical 
enabler of 

The Coast Guard 
facilitated safe 
passage of nearly 
1.3 million 
commercial vessel 
transits in 12 of 
the Nation’s most 
congested ports. 

The Coast Guard 
initiated contracts 
to rebuild bridges 
navigation in 
Texas, Alabama, 

Iowa, and Illinois 
through funding appropriated via the American 
Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. 

Guardians aboard CGC Osage 
prepare to replace the buoy’s hull in 
the Ohio River. This 65’ inland river 
tender, homeported in Sewickley, Pa., 
maintains approximately 800 aids 
to navigation along the Allegheny, 
Monongahela, Ohio, Kanawha and 
Big Sandy rivers. The crew’s area of 
responsibility covers more than 600 
miles of river and is critical to the 
Nation’s river system commerce. Photo 
by PA2 Thomas Blue 

Photo by Ensign Shea 


• Provide immediate 
response to save lives 
and property in peril 

• Minimize loss of life, 
injury, and property 

• Coordinate SAR efforts 
of afloat and airborne 
Coast Guard assets 
with those of other 
federal, state, and local 

• Coordinate response 
efforts on waterways 
after accidents or 
disasters, exercising our Captain of the Port 
authorities and responsibilities 

• Partner with the world’s merchant fleet to 
rescue mariners in distress around the globe 
through the Automated Mutual-assistance 
Vessel Rescue (AMVER) system 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard responded 23,555 times to 
people and vessels in distress resulting in 4,747 
lives saved and nearly $95 million in property 

The Coast Guard enhanced its ability to detect 
and locate persons in distress with continued 
installation of Rescue 21, which now covers 22 
major coastal areas encompassing over 34,900 
miles of the Nation’s coastline. In FY 2009 Rescue 
21 was installed in 

six major coastal 
areas (e.g., Coast 
Guard Sectors) 
and 75 Command 
Center watchstander 
positions were 
added to support 
the monitoring 
and operation of 
Rescue 21 and other 
Command Center 

Guardians worked 
with countries such 

In Haiti, two Guardians from Air 
Station Clearwater, Fla., carry an 
injured woman onto the loading 
ramp of an HC-130 aircraft Jan. 

14,2010, before departing for the 
Dominican Republic. Photo by PA1 
Mariana O’Leary 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 13 

Coast Guard Missions 

Coast Guard Hero 

' Petty Officer 3rd Class Caleb S. Flippin (AST3) 

^ Petty Officer 3rd Class Caleb S. Flippin, an aviation survival technician 
g. \ (AST) with Coast Guard Air Station New Orleans, has participated in 
^ several life saving missions along the Gulf Coast. Of particular note AST3 

* Flippin recently assisted a seriously injured mariner. Without hesitation, 
AST3 Flippin deployed to a small boat from the MH-65C Dolphin rescue helicopter, 
located the mariner and carried him to the top level of the vessel. Fie placed the mariner 
in a Stokes litter to be lifted into the helicopter. For this and other heroic rescues, AST3 
Flippin has received several medals including the Coast Guard Air Medal. 

as Mexico and Malta to provide them access to our 
state-of-the-art search planning tool (SAROPS), to 
perform SAR within their own waters. 

law enforcement) 

(Lead federal agency for at-sea enforcement of the 
Nation’s fisheries and marine protected species laws and 

• Project federal law enforcement presence over 
the entire U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone, 
covering nearly 3.4 million square miles of 

• Ensure compliance with fisheries and marine 
protected species regulations on domestic 

• Prevent over-fishing, reduce mortality 
of protected species, and protect marine 
habitats by enforcing domestic fishing laws 
and regulations 

In 2009 ... 


(Primary agency 
responsible for 
developing and 
enforcing federal marine 
safety, security and 
environmental protection 

Enforce safe and 
sound operation of 
U.S. flagged vessels 
throughout the 

Assert authority 
over foreign vessels 
operating in U.S. Port State Controlled 
waters to enforce safe, secure, and 
environmentally sound operations in U.S. 

Issue licenses and 
documents to qualified 
mariners, and 
promote competency 
through a combination 
of training courses, 
requisite experience, 
and examinations 
Conduct inspections 
of U.S. and foreign 
vessels, marine 
facilities, and 
review plans for 
vessel construction, 
alteration, equipment, 
and salvage 
Develop and monitor 
vessel construction 
and performance 

A Coast Guard Auxiliary 
inspection team member 
climbs the rigging of 
a commercial fishing 
vessel to perform a 
safety inspection. Trained 
Auxiliarists volunteer 
countless hours to help 
with Coast Guard missions. 
Photo by William Giers 

CGC Naushon pulls into Craig, Alaska, 
to conduct a number of inspections and 
boardings of the local fishing fleet. Photo 
by Lt. Brook Sherman 

The Coast 
Guard conducted 
more than 
5,400 fishery 

Coast Guard 
of regulations 
yielded an at-sea 
compliance rate 
of 96.7 percent. 

Did you know? 

The Coast Guard is responsible for protecting stressed fish 
stocks in the world’s largest Exclusive Economic Zone, 3.4 
million square miles - an area larger than the contiguous United 
States (the lower 48 states). This vital service protects U.S. 
waters from being over-fished, protects endangered marine 
animals and plants, and prevents foreign poaching out to 200 
miles offshore. 

14 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Coast Guard Missions 

to enhance 
boating safety 

• Conduct 
and casualty 
analysis to 
develop new 
standards to 
prevent future 

• Act as the 
primary U.S. 
to the 

Organization, a body of international 
conventions that for over 50 years has 
supported the governance of every facet of 
shipping including safety, environmental 
concerns, legal matters, technical co¬ 
operation, maritime security and the 
efficiency of shipping 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard issued nearly 1,700 Certificates 
of Inspection to U.S. commercial vessels. 

The number of 
Merchant Mariner 
(MMC) issued by 
the Coast Guard 
increased by 135 
percent, and the 
time to process 
an application was reduced by 49 percent. The 
process for issuing MMCs was centralized in West 
Virginia. Under previous regulations, the Coast 
Guard issued up to four mariner credentials, now 
consolidated into one MMC. 

As a result of the National Recreational Boating 
Safety Program administered by the Coast Guard, 
state law enforcement conducted over 1,676,700 
recreational vessel boardings, issued over 125,000 
citations and nearly 300,000 warnings, responded 
to over 10,000 search and rescue cases, and 
assisted over 43,600 persons and 18,600 vessels. 

The Coast Guard Auxiliary and the U.S. Power 
Squadrons completed over 130,000 vessel safety 

The Coast Guard established seven National 
Centers of Expertise to provide technical support 

and standardization 
to enhance safety 
and security within 
specific aspects 
of the maritime 
industry such 
as cruise ships, 
suspension and 
revocation of 
merchant mariner 
credentials, vintage 
vessels, towing 
vessels, liquefied 
gas vessels, and 
expertise. The first 
two centers are fully 
operational and the 
other five will be 
fully staffed by mid- 

Coast Guard Hero 

Auxiliarist Patricia C. Swope 

Coast Guard Auxiliarist Patricia C. Swope has displayed perseverance and 
dedication to serve the greater good of others for nearly 30 years earning 
her the nickname of “AUXMom.” Ms. Swope has volunteered more than 
14,800 hours of service (equal to more than seven years of full-time work), 
providing administrative support to 1,800 Auxiliarists who support the 
Coast Guard in her region. Ms. Swope has also logged many hours as a communications 
watchstander for Coast Guard Station Los Angeles and has served as a qualification 
examiner for the Auxiliary Boat Crew Qualification Program and as a team coordination 
training instructor not only for the Auxiliary but also for many Coast Guard active duty 
units. Ms. Swope has served in several elected offices including flotilla commander, 
division captain, and rear commodore. She currently serves as chair of the District Training 
Conference Committee and as president of the Past Captains Association. With an ever¬ 
present smile, Ms. Swope has been an outstanding mentor to the entire Auxiliary chain of 
leadership from new enrollees to District Commodores and Directors of Auxiliary. 

A Coast Guard 41’ boat from 
Station New London, Conn., with 
a boarding team aboard prepares 
to come alongside an inbound 
Liberian-flagged tank-ship. Photo by 
Auxiliarist Charles Stevens 

Did you know? 

The Coast Guard provides 
specialized counter piracy efforts 
in foreign waters. 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 15 

Coast Guard Missions 


• Support U.S. Combatant 
Commanders, including: 
o Deploying law 

enforcement teams 
aboard U.S. Navy 
ships to stem the flow 
of illegal drugs 
o Train Iraqi maritime 
security forces and 
secure Iraqi ports and 
off-shore oil platforms 
o Train foreign nations 
in maritime law 
enforcement, security, 
and search and rescue 
o Conduct alert, 
surveillance, and 
escort activities for 
National Air Defense 

• Provide capabilities and resources in support 
of naval warfare mission areas 

• Function as a service under the Navy in time 
of war or when directed by the President 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard continued deployment of six 
patrol boats, two law enforcement detachments, 
and over 6,400 personnel in the Arabian Gulf. 

Coast Guard Hero 

CGC Legare and its over- 
the-horizon smallboat, 
under the direction 
of Commander, U.S. 
Naval Forces Europe- 
Africa, work with the 
Moroccan Royal Navy to 
share boarding tactics 
and law enforcement 
procedures. Photo by 
PA2 Thomas Blue 

Did you know? 

When a Coast Guard law enforcement detachment embarks on 
a Naval ship to conduct boardings, the Naval ship temporarily 
shifts tactical control to the Coast Guard to provide enforcement 
actions (under Title 14 U.S. Code). 

^ ^ Petty Officer 2nd Class Paul H. Newnam (FS2) 

Food is one of the biggest factors contributing to the morale of the crew on 
a ship, and Food Service Specialist (FS) Petty Officer Newnam has kept 
morale soaring onboard CGC Adak. His enthusiasm, love for cooking, and 
concern for his shipmates are evident in the presentation of the delicious 
meals he provides to the 22 crew forward deployed in the Northern Arabian Gulf. Even 
after completing a high-risk boarding or assisting in the launching of the small boat, FS2 
Newnam always has a smile on his face while serving a delectable meal from a variety 
of world regions while being mindful of special diets and allergies. Fie personally delivers 
breakfast to-order up to the bridge watch standers every morning CGC Adak is underway. 
FS2 Newnam’s positive attitude is contagious to all onboard and has truly improved the 
Arabian Gulf experience of each crewmember. 

Coast Guard personnel conducted in-theater cargo 
container inspections on war materials returning 
from Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring 

Over 100 Coast Guard mobile training teams 
delivered maritime training and capacity-building 
assistance to more than 60 nations worldwide. 

Two Coast Guard ships completed out-of- 
hemisphere deployments in support of DoD: 
USCGC Boutwell in the U.S. Pacific, Central, 
European, and African Command theaters of 
operations and USCGC Legare in the U.S. African 
Command theater of operations. 


(Lead agency for maritime migrant interdiction) 

• Reinforce the Nation’s border security by 
providing a layered defense to deter, detect, 
and interdict undocumented migrants 

attempting to enter 
the United States 

1 Preserve safety 
of life at sea and 
respect the human 
rights of migrants 
while aboard Coast 
Guard assets 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard 
interdicted nearly 
3,700 undocumented 
migrants attempting 
to illegally enter the 
United States. 

The Coast Guard 
used a biometrics- 
at-sea system to 

16 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Coast Guard Missions 

Did you know? 

The Coast Guard is successfully using at-sea biometrics to 
identify and prosecute repeat offenders, felons, and persons on 
watch lists attempting to illegally enter the United States. 

identify felons and repeat 
offenders attempting 
to enter the country 
illegally. The Coast Guard 
collected data from 2,749 
individuals — 711 were 
found to have criminal 
records - resulting in 
the prosecution of 333 
Photo by OS1 Thomas Doyle individuals by the U.S. 

Attorney’s Office. 




• Stop unauthorized 
ocean dumping 
and regulate 

the discharge of 
oil, hazardous 
substances, and 
other shipboard 
wastes into U.S. 
and international 

• Protect marine 

• Regulate the 
introduction of 
invasive species into 

• Respond to oil and 

A Guardian waits to receive 
a sample of ballast water 
from a commercial vessel’s 
crewmember. The Coast 
Guard inspects all vessels’ 
ballast water before they 
enter the Great Lakes to 
prevent invasive species from 
inhabiting the ecosystem. 
Photo by PA3 William Mitchell 

Did you know? 

In 2009, the Coast Guard worked with NOAA and the U.S. 
Army Corps of Engineers to remove 32 tons of derelict fishing 
nets and other harmful trash from the coral reefs in the 
Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument near Hawaii. 

hazardous substance accidents and reduce 
their impact on the marine environment 
• Develop environmental regulations and 
standards for domestic vessels and marine 

In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard performed more than 17,300 
inspections of facilities to ensure compliance with 
safety, security, and environmental protection 

The Coast Guard investigated and responded to 
approximately 3,600 pollution incidents. 


• Keep critical 
Great Lakes and 
northeastern U.S 

waterways open 
for commercial 
traffic, assist vessels 
transiting in ice- 
filled waterways, free 
vessels stuck in ice, 
and break ice dams 
to prevent ice related 

Provide the means 
in ice-laden waters 
to allow scientific 

The Canadian Coast Guard 
Ship Louis S. St-Laurent 
and the CGC Healy work 
on a multi-year, multi¬ 
agency Arctic survey that 
will help define the Arctic 
continental shelf. Photo by 
PA3 Patrick Kelley 

Broadcast information 

on iceberg locations to vessels transiting the 
North Atlantic between North America and 

In 2009 ... 

Coast Guard icebreakers facilitated the shipment 
of vital heating oil and prevented flooding by 

Did you know? 

The Coast Guard’s International Ice Patrol, created after the 
aftermath of the Titanic sinking, locates and tracks icebergs to 
prevent further vessel collisions with icebergs. No ship-iceberg 
collisions have been reported since the International Ice Patrol 
has been in existence. 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 17 

Coast Guard Missions 

Did you know? 

With the help of Coast Guard domestic icebreaking in the winter, 
a single barge can deliver as much heating oil to the northeast 
as 125 tanker trucks. 

method of high seas 
fishing considered 
to be one of the 
main obstacles 
to sustainable 
world fisheries 
and healthy ocean 

breaking ice in Maine’s Kennebec and Penobscot 
Rivers and New York’s Hudson River. 

The International Ice 
Patrol tracked more 
than 1,200 icebergs 
that drifted into the 
transatlantic shipping 
lanes, fulfilling its 
mission to prevent ship 
Photo by IT1 Bryan Goff collisions with icebergs. 

The Coast Guard icebreaker Healy performed 
seafloor mapping and data collection missions in 
the Arctic. These operations will help the United 
States define the limits of its outer continental 


In 2009 ... 

The Coast Guard 
detected 112 
illegal incursions 
by foreign fishing 
vessels into the U.S. 
Exclusive Economic 

The Coast Guard 
boarded 57 foreign vessels to ensure compliance 
with fishing regulations. 

The preceding section offered select performance highlights 
from 2009. The U.S. Coast Guard FY2009 Performance Report 
offers a summary of performance results for all missions. It 
also highlights the many extraordinary accomplishments 
Coast Guard men and women have achieved over the past 
year, to review these accomplishments visit 

A People’s Republic of China 
Fisheries Law Enforcement Command 
(FLEC) officer, in cooperation with the 
U.S. Coast Guard, seized a Chinese 
fishing vessel suspected of illegal 
large-scale high-seas drift net fishing 
460 miles east of Hokkaido, Japan. 
Coast Guard photo 

Enforce foreign fishing vessel laws 
Patrol the 
U.S. Exclusive 
Economic Zone 
boundary areas 
to reduce the 
threat of foreign 
poaching of U.S. 
fish stocks 

compliance with 
living marine 

regimes and 
Deter and 
enforce efforts to 
eliminate fishing 
using large 
drift-nets, a 

Coast Guard Hero 

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jimmy L. Rodriguez 

Petty Officer 3rd Class Jimmy Rodriguez, a Coast Guard Reservist and 
winner of the 2009 League Of United Latin American Citizens Excellence 
In Military Service Award, provided significant contributions to the Naval 
training team in Umm Qsar, Iraq while deployed in support of Operation 
Iraqi Freedom. He conducted more than 45 vessel inspections, safeguarding high interest 
targets which serve as the backbone of the Iraqi economy. He also trained more than 
30 Iraqi marines in comprehensive procedures and processes associated with maritime 
boardings and tactical law enforcement duties. His efforts greatly contributed to the 
transitional road map strategy for coalition forces in the region. Port Security Specialist 
Rodriguez also distinguished himself as a humanitarian, skillfully organizing a two-day 
community service event for joint forces during a port call in Kingston, Jamaica. This 
multi-national force team repaired the failing roof at a non-profit school, improving quality 
of life for island residents. 

18 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 


Combined Service Escort: A Coast Guard Marine Safety and Security Team and New York City Police Department marine and air units escort the 
Navy vessel USS New York as the ship sails into New York Harbor Nov. 2,2009. The Coast Guard conducts safety and security escorts regularly with 
its port partners throughout the Port of New York/New Jersey. Photo by PA3 Barbara Patton 

Joint Partners: A Coast Guard HH-60 helicopter brings injured Haitians 
from a landing zone at the Haitian Coast Guard base to the USNS 
Comfort for medical treatment Jan. 20, 2010. Photo by PA1 Robert 

International partner: A Coast Guardsman aboard the CGC Legare 
demonstrates proper handcuffing procedures during a joint training exercise 
with members of the Moroccan Royal Navy while underway in the Atlantic 
Ocean July 18,2009. Photo by PA2 Thomas Blue 

Royal visit: Britain's Prince 
Harry talks with a Coast Guard 
Academy cadet while aboard a 
45-foot medium response boat 
in New York May 30, 2009. 
During Prince Harry’s first 
official visit to the United States, 
he toured New York Harbor with 
the Coast Guard on the way to 
Governor’s Island. Photo by 
PA3 Annie Berlin 

our Partners 

Fueling from Dutch Navy: The CGC Spencer is fueled at sea in the eastern 
Caribbean by a Dutch Navy ship during a summer 2009 international 
exercise. Coast Guard photo 

DHS partner: The CGC Diamondback receives agents from a Customs 
and Border Protection (CBP) helicopter during a training exercise Sept. 15, 
2009. The CBP aircraft flies near the top of the mast as it prepares for a 
line drop, and the Diamondback moves steadily ahead in the port of Miami. 
Photo by SN Gary Gonzalez 

First responder partners: A rescue basket is lowered from a Coast 
Guard rescue helicopter onto a small boat from the Jefferson Parish 
Sheriff’s Department during a joint agency hoist training exercise 
Oct. 14, 2009, on Lake Pontchartrain near New Orleans. During 
the exercise, the Coast Guard tested new first responder radios 
that allow the Coast Guard to communicate with local and state law 
enforcement agencies to improve joint agency responses. Photo by 
PA2 Thomas Blue 

Wildlife conservation study: Two Coast Guard auxiliarists take 
water samples from the Crystal River for research being done by 
the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission to monitor 
red tides in Florida gulf waters. Photo by Auxiliarist Morris Harvey 

Strategic Priorities 

Section II 


Air and Surface Fleets.24 

Aging Shore Infrastructure, Including Military Housing.25 


Targeted Operational Enhancements.27 

Maritime Domain Awareness.27 


Military Housing.28 



U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 23 

Strategic Priorities 


The FY 2011 President’s Budget provides funding 
to continue replacement or refurbishment of 
increasingly outdated and unreliable assets: 

• Cutters 

• Aircraft 

• Boats 

• Command, Control, Communications, 
Computers, Intelligence Surveillance and 
Reconnaissance (C4ISR) 

• Infrastructure 

This is the Service’s top budget priority. 

The recapitalization is crucial to preserving 
future surface, air, and shore asset capability and 
remains a critical investment for the Nation. The 
assets built today will allow the Coast Guard to 
continue securing the maritime borders, rescuing 

those in peril, 
the Nation, 
our economic 
resources and 
vitality, and 
protecting the 
environment for 

Air and Surface Fleets 

Preserving the Coast Guard’s maritime capability 
through recapitalizing air and surface assets is a 
strategic imperative for DHS and the Coast Guard. 
Some of the most important new assets under 
production are National Security Cutters (NSC), 
HC-144A Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA), Fast 
Response Cutters (FRC), and Response Boats- 
Medium (RB-M). 

Did you know? 

The average age of a ship in the Coast 
Guard’s 378-foot fleet is 42 years. 

decades to come. 

The NSC replaces the 378’ Hamilton-class High Endurance Cutter. Left photo by 
PA3 Wes Shinn; Right photo by Steven Blount 

The FRC replaces the 110’ Island-class patrol boat. Left photo by Auxiliarist 
Carolyn Fay; Right is a Coast Guard photo 

HC-144A Ocean Sentry Medium Range Surveillance aircraft replaces the HU-25 
Falcon jet. Left photo by PA2 Thomas Blue; Right photo by PAC Sarah Foster 

The timely replacement of aging 378-foot High 
Endurance Cutters (HECs) through the 418- 
foot National Security Cutter (NSC) program 
is the Coast Guard’s top recapitalization 

Specifically, FY 2011 recapitalization 
priorities include funding for the 
production of NSC #5. NSCs will replace 
HECs, a fleet of 12 vessels that has 
served the Coast Guard for more than 40 
years. Other replacements include the 
HC-144A MPA for the 26-year-old HU-25 
Falcon aircraft, the 150’ FRC for the 110’ 
Island Class Patrol Boat, and the 45’ RB- 
M for the 41’ Utility Boat. All of the assets 
being replaced have reached the end of 
their service lives. 

The FY 2011 President’s Budget provides 
funding to operate these newly acquired 
assets and also funds the critical logistics 
and C4ISR investments needed to 
support them. 

In general, replacement assets such as 
the NSC, MPA, FRC, and RB-M provide 
vastly improved capability over the 
outdated legacy assets they are replacing. 
Additionally, replacing assets with new, 
more reliable ships and aircraft reduces 

24 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Strategic Priorities 

Coast Guard Hero 

Petty Officer 1st Class Michelle M. Roberts (MK1) 

Coast Guard Cutter Monomoy’s Petty Officer Michelle “smalls” Roberts 
is a Machinery Technician (MK) responsible for working on engines and 
mechanical systems. 

With almost 20 years of service, CGC Monomoy’s mechanical equipment experiences 
significant wear and tear as a result of the extremely demanding operational pace in 
the Middle East. Petty Officer Roberts’ hard work, leadership, and great sense of humor 
have played a major role in keeping these systems operational and crew morale high 
in order to meet the demands of the Coast Guard’s overseas contingency operations. 
As one of the go-to people for all engineering issues she is extremely knowledgeable 
about the mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic systems aboard. Resulting from her 
hard work and leadership, Monomoy was able to complete the most days at sea of the 
eleven ships assigned to Combined Task Group 55.6 (Patrol Forces South West Asia) 
in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom in FY 2009. Additionally, MK1 Roberts has been 
a Boarding Team Member for ten different Visit, Board, Search, and Seizure boardings 
while conducting maritime security operations around Iraq’s off-shore oil platforms in the 
Northern Arabian Gulf. 

first FRC will begin 
operations in Miami 
in FY 2011. The 
range, endurance, 
surveillance, and 
command and control 
capability of these 
assets will visibly 
improve the Coast 
Guard’s capabilities 
as compared to 
those assets they 
are replacing. In the 
long-term, continued 
timely replacement 
of aging assets will 
significantly increase 
the Coast Guard’s 
overall performance 
to the Nation. 

Aging Shore 
Infrastructure, Including 
Military Housing 

The FY 2011 

unplanned maintenance liabilities, currently 
experienced with the HECs and HU-25 aircraft. 

An Electrician’s Mate with 
Coast Guard Sector Baltimore’s 
engineering department installs a 
new breaker and inspects the wiring 
of a 27’ utility boat. The boat was 
brought to the sector for installation 
of the Scalable Integrated 
Navigation System package 
which includes a new radar, depth 
sounder, heading sensor and GPS. 
Photo by PA3 Brandyn Hill 

CGC Bertholf 
(NSC#1) is 
operational and 
already delivering 
results. On her 
maiden patrol, she 
prosecuted drug 
traffickers yielding a 
drug bust of over two 
tons of marijuana 
and $8 million 
worth of other 
drugs. Six HC-144A 
MPAs are currently 
operational, saving 
lives and securing 
the maritime border 
in the Gulf of Mexico. 
Three additional 
HC-144A aircraft 
will enter service 
in FY 2011. The 

President’s Budget 
also provides 

funding to address the Service’s most urgent shore 
infrastructure recapitalization requirements. 

Most of the Coast Guard’s command centers, 
hangars, piers, and other infrastructure are 
located in the harsh marine environment, hence 
require reconstruction or replacement to restore 
operational capabilities. Continued investment 
in aging Coast Guard facilities is critical to 
sustaining operations and mitigating occupational 
safety risks. 

For example, the President’s Budget funds 
rehabilitation of an existing pier face for three 
Coast Guard buoy tenders homeported in 
Newport, R.I. The current moorings are in the 
process of being condemned by the U.S. Navy 
due to progressive deterioration. The President’s 
Budget also provides new funding for construction, 
renovation, and improvement of Coast Guard 
military family housing. 

Here to Protect, Ready to Rescue 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 25 

Strategic Priorities 

The President’s entire request for the Coast Guard 
acquisition programs is further detailed in the 
enclosed Budget in Brief (Section III). 


In FY 2011, the 
Coast Guard 
will continue 
to perform its 
11 statutory 
resources to the 
highest order of 
maritime safety, 

security, and environmental protection needs. The 
FY 2011 President’s Budget leverages efficiencies, 
decommissionings, and capability reallocations. 
This will allow the Service to direct resources to 
its highest priorities which include recapitalizing 
aging assets and operating new assets delivered 
through ongoing acquisition programs. 

Coast Guard operational commanders are armed 
with surface and air assets, competent people 
and timely information. Guardians in the field 
make choices every day on how to best employ 
this capability. Commanders assess risks and 
understand the desired outcomes in order to take 
the initiative required to deliver value to the 
Nation. In recent Coast Guard history, there is 
no finer example than that of the January 2010 
response to the earthquake in Haiti. 

This sequence shows a sample of Coast Guard activities in response to the earthquake in Haiti. 

Did you know? 

Due in large part to Coast Guard 
programs, vessel collisions and 
groundings have decreased 23 
percent over the last decade. 

The Principle of On-Scene Initiative 

The nature of our operations demands that Coast Guard men 
and women be given latitude to act quickly and decisively within 
the scope of their authority, without waiting for direction from 
higher levels in the chain of command. Personal initiative has 
always been crucial to the success of our Service. 

Many of our operations are of an emergent, unpredictable 
nature. History has shown that situations like these are best 
handled locally. Thus, we push both authority and responsibility 
to the lowest possible level. 

This style of operational command is based upon the trust 
that senior commanders place in their subordinates' judgment. 
Decisive action requires unity of effort—getting all parts of a 
force to work together. Rapid action, on the other hand, requires 
a large degree of decentralization, giving those closest to the 
problem the freedom to solve it. To reconcile these seemingly 
contradictory requirements, we use the tools known as the 
“commander’s intent” and the “concept of operations.” 

The commander’s intent conveys the objective and the desired 
course of action. The concept of operations details the elements 
of a plan, i.e., what is to be done, and how the commander plans 
to do it. A significant change in the situation that requires new 
action will alter the concept of operations, but the commander’s 
intent—their overriding objective—usually remains unchanged. 

Good decisions are made in unpredictable situations when 
Coast Guard personnel on the scene of an emergency or 
a crisis are trained rigorously to act as part of a cohesive, 
cooperative team. Guardians internalize the expected outcome 
and understand how unique incidents or situations are normally 
handled. This shared understanding lies at the heart of effective, 
decentralized command and control. 

An HC-144A aircraft from Aviation Training 
Center Mobile, Ala., launched to immediately 
survey damage. Coast Guard aircraft flew 
multiple missions to support early operations 
in Haiti, Jan. 2010. Photo by PA3 Nick Ameen 

Coast Guard ships arrive 17.5 hours after 
the first earthquake shook Haiti. Coast 
Guard small boats carry medical and 
humanitarian aid supplies into Port-au- 
Prince. Coast Guard photo 

Guardians are equipped with competencies 
to perform varied Coast Guard missions. BM3 
Jussen, of CGC Oak, serves as a translator 
for the Univision television network. Photo by 
PA3 Brandyn Hill 

26 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Strategic Priorities 

Targeted Operational 

The FY 2011 
President’s Budget 
brings 18 deployable 
Law Enforcement 
Detachments (LEDETs) 
to full capacity in order 
to mitigate emergent 
terrorism and border 
security risks. The Coast 
Guard will continue to 
work closely with DoD and international partners 
to leverage the unique authority presented by 

The President’s Budget 
also annualizes new 
funding provided by 
Congress in FY 2010 for 
counterdrug operations 
and new watchstanders. 

It also provides funds to 
operate and maintain newly 
acquired assets delivered 
through Coast Guard 
recapitalization programs. 
These assets include the 
NSC, HC-144 aircraft, FRCs, new RB-Ms, and 
armed helicopters which offer substantially 
improved capability over the legacy assets they 
are replacing. Follow-on funds also support new 
shore assets including the Nationwide Automatic 
Identification System (NAIS), Rescue 21 and 
Defense Messaging Systems, and the new Rescue 
Swimmer Training Facility. 

Did you know? 

The Coast Guard has specialized forces that can be deployed 
in response to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and 
explosive disasters and attacks. 

Maritime Domain Awareness 

As we strive to be more effective and efficient, 
and to improve our ability to allocate resources 
based on risk, it becomes increasingly important 
to enhance our Maritime Domain Awareness 
(MDA). MDA is the effective understanding of 
anything associated with the global maritime 
domain that could impact the security, safety, 
economy or environment of the United States. 
MDA does not eliminate risk or hostile acts, but 
provides heightened situational awareness and the 
necessary mechanisms through which partners 
share information to help identify risks or threats. 

Consistent with the Coast Guard’s strategic 
plan, in FY 2011 the Coast Guard will leverage 
prior year funding to continue to deploy high 
priority MDA capabilities through the NAIS and 
Interagency Operations Centers (IOCs) projects. 

In addition, the FY 2011 President’s Budget funds 
continued enhancements to surface and air C4ISR. 

As a full member of the intelligence community 
since 2001, the Coast Guard continues to build 
closer ties with national intelligence and local 
law enforcement agencies to increase MDA. The 
maritime community is very large and diverse. All 

Photo by FN Jeff Sheets 

Photo by PA3 Casey Ranel 

The Coast Guard coordinated closely with the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Several critical FEMA 
communications trucks were flown to the disaster area. The Coast 
Guard C-130 aircraft can be configured to carry a combination of 
people, cargo, and mission equipment. Photo by PA3 Rob Simpson 

Earthquake refugees stand in line at Port-au-Prince to board a 
Coast Guard HC-130 aircraft from Air Station Clearwater, Fla., that 
will take them to Homestead, Fla., Jan. 16,2010. Approximately 60 
people boarded the aircraft, including children and elderly. Photo 
by PA3 Pamela Manns 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 27 

Strategic Priorities 

Did you know? 

The Coast Guard spearheaded the development of forceful 
procedures to stop narcotics smugglers from entering the country 
via small, fast-moving boats. These “airborne use of force” 
procedures include the use of warning shots and disabling fire 
from aircraft to stop boats from fleeing and evading capture. 

maritime members can contribute to and benefit 
from improved shared awareness. The Coast 
Guard has been a leader in advocating for and 
coordinating efforts between national and local 
entities. These national and local partnerships 
provide Coast Guard operational commanders with 
more robust and timely information to make better 
risk-informed decisions. 

Did you know? 

The Nation’s Marine Transportation System (MTS) is the 
lifeblood of America’s national economy and a key enabler of 
its national security. Over 90% of the world’s trade is carried on 
the water. In the United States, the MTS carries 78% of all our 
international trade - including 66% of all crude oil consumed 
- and generates thousands of jobs. These numbers, while 
staggering, are expected to increase in the next 15 years. 

The Coast Guard’s work on the DHS Small Vessel 
Security Strategy is just one example of this effort. 
As the USS Cole attack vividly demonstrated, 
small vessels can pose a large threat. The Small 
Vessel Security Strategy addresses these concerns 
in the domestic maritime environment. The goal 
is a coordinated effort of federal, state, local, and 
tribal authorities, together with international 
partners, private industry, and the recreational 
users of the waterways to improve maritime 
security and safety through MDA. 

Another example is America’s Waterway Watch. 
This nationwide program, similar to the well 
known and successful Neighborhood Watch 
program, asks community members to report 
suspicious activities in and around the Nation’s 
waterways to local law enforcement agencies. 


In FY 2011, the Coast 
Guard will sustain 
previous enhancements to 
the acquisition, financial 
management, and marine 
safety workforce. The 
Coast Guard will continue 
to promote a diverse and 
competent workforce that 
can adapt to employ new 
and improved assets to 
meet evolving mission 
demands. As we implement 
consolidation initiatives and 
decommission legacy assets 
over the next several years, the Coast Guard 
will leverage our pool of personnel with diverse 
operational experience and highly specialized skills 
to operate and maintain new cutters, aircraft, 
and small boats, and staff a modernized support 
structure. In order to manage the size of the 
workforce, recruiting efforts, training, and policy 
will adapt to changing demands. 

Military Housing 

As a branch of the Armed Forces, the Coast 
Guard military workforce support initiatives must 
mirror those authorized by the National Defense 
Authorization Act (NDAA). Included in the NDAA 
is the support of military families through child 
care, housing, and health care benefits. As a sister 
military service and fellow armed force, the Coast 
Guard must maintain parity with DoD. 

One area that needs improvement is military 
housing. The Coast Guard currently owns 4,020 
military housing units. The purpose of owning 
these units is to provide housing to our military 
service members and their families stationed in 
geographic locations where market conditions do 
not provide an affordable, suitable house. The 
average age of the Coast Guard’s housing portfolio 
is over 40 years. Many of the Coast Guard’s 
housing assets require recapitalization due to 
safety and habitability issues. Furthermore, due 
to changing conditions and operating needs, the 
Coast Guard’s housing footprint in some locations 
is inadequate. In FY 2011, the Budget provides 
funds for family military housing projects. 

Photo by PA1 NyxoLyno 

28 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Strategic Priorities 

Coast Guard Hero 

Mr. Esteban Morales 

Esteban Morales, a GS-13 Civilian Recruiter, began his civilian Coast 
Guard career in December 2003 working at Coast Guard Headquarters 
in Personnel Management. He was accepted to the United States 
Department of Agriculture Executive Potential Program (EPP) in January 
of 2009. After completing an assignment at the Department of Homeland Security, he 
began work at The White House for Vice President Biden taking on roles in areas such 
as intergovernmental affairs, domestic and economic policy, and correspondence and 
communications. Mr. Morales was the first civilian Coast Guard member to participate in 
this type of assignment. Due to his significant contributions, exposure to the value of the 
EPP continues to grow at the highest levels in government. 

has opportunity 
to prosper. In 
2009, the Coast 
Guard launched 
its Diversity 
Strategic Plan. 

This plan builds 
upon the significant 
progress we have 
achieved to date and 
provides direction 
for our collective 
efforts to make 
the Coast Guard a 
leader in diversity 
development and 
a model for the 


The Coast Guard is committed to building and 
sustaining an organizational climate in which 
people of diverse backgrounds, cultures, races, 
religions, and ethnicities are fully included, valued, 
and respected. As an organization, we provide 
premiere service in ensuring the safety and 
security of our maritime public and the protection 
of our precious environment. To ensure that we 
continue this level of excellence and thus maintain 
our hard-earned credibility, it is imperative that 
our workforce be reflective of the society that we 

Through strong efforts and a commitment to 
the workforce, the Coast Guard will continue to 
foster an environment in which every individual 

The goals of the 
Diversity Strategic Plan are to: 

• Assure a diverse workforce through an 
all-hands commitment with leadership 

• Fully utilize 
and focus groups 
to improve the 

• Expand outreach 
to achieve access 
opportunity for 

• Ensure equitable 
hiring and career 

Photo by PAC Sarah B. 

Coast Guard military housing (left) as compared to DoD housing (right): Because the Coast Guard is a military service and an armed force, 
benefits outlined in the National Defense Authorization Act apply to the Coast Guard’s military workforce. In FY 2011, the Budget funds 
incremental improvement in this area. 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 29 

Strategic Priorities 

• Optimize 
training and 
education to 
the value of 

Outreach and 
recruiting have 
been a major 
focus to improve 
diversity. In an 
effort to advance 
these diversity initiatives and promote awareness 
of military and civilian career opportunities, 
the Coast Guard is increasing exposure through 
targeted outreach efforts. Examples of these efforts 

• Establishment of relationships with minority 
serving institutions 

• Engagement with Alaskan Native Tribal 

• Sustainment of existing scholarship programs 

One area that has provided sustained positive 
results is the College Student Pre-Commissioning 
Initiative (CSPI) Scholarship program. This 
program has up to 60 participants at any given 
time and funds two years of college tuition, 
military pay, and benefits, with attendance to 
Officer Candidate School upon graduation. Nearly 
50 percent of the current CSPI students are 
minority and 38 percent are women. 

workforce remains 
strong, capable, and 
well trained. Today, 
more than ever, 

Coast Guard men and 
women possess highly 
specialized skills to 
operate and maintain 
state of the art 
technology as well as 
sustain aging assets. 

The demands of the 
Coast Guard service require personal sacrifice, 
courage, and devotion to duty. In order to maintain 
this pool of talented men and women, and keep 
pace with the needs of the organization, recruiting 
programs will continue to seek the best, brightest, 
and most diverse workforce. 


Coast Guard Modernization is the centerpiece of 
an overarching strategy to transform our legacy 
command and control structures, support systems, 
and business processes into an adaptive, change¬ 
centric, learning organization. This transition from 
a geographically based structure to a functionally 
aligned organization enables the Coast Guard to 
optimize sustained mission execution and support, 
and increase alignment within DHS and with our 
fellow Armed Forces. 

Photo by BM2 Jeff Quinn 

Photo by Angela Daniel 

Diversity is not a 
program or a policy, 
but a state of being, 
and it is an enabler 
of readiness and 
mission execution. 
The Coast Guard will 
continuously promote 
and foster diversity, 
and thus strengthen 
our ability to meet 
mission demands and 
expectations of the 

The Coast Guard’s 
Active Duty, Reserve, 
Auxiliary, and Civilian 

Coast Guard Hero 

Petty Officer 1st Class Michael C. Curran (MST1) 

Petty Officer 1st Class Michael Curran, a marine science technician 
(MST), currently serves as an investigating officer at Marine Safety Unit 
Galveston. With over six years experience in marine safety, MST1 Curran 
has expertly served in leadership positions on multiple high-profile marine 

casualty investigations conducted in the largest petrochemical complex in the United 
States. Recently, MST 1 Curran prepared the Coast Guard’s case for a complex mariner’s 
license suspension and revocation hearing, and then served as an expert witness, 
providing technical expertise critical to ensure a fair and comprehensive proceeding. He 
also conducted eight marine casualty investigations that included responding to three 
vessel collisions and a vessel fire. 

30 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Strategic Priorities 

Modernization Milestones 

Command & Control 
Organization (G2) 
Stud/ Group final 
report published 





reorganizes and 
numbered staffs 


to Deputy 
Commandant for 

2-Star Force Readiness 

NAPA Phase 1 
report; begin 
Phase 2 of study 

Logistics and 
Service Centers 

Authorization Bill Enacted (TBD) 

■Disestablish Atlantic & Pacific Area 

■Appoint FORCECOM as a 3-star 

■Establish QPCGM 

■Appoint DCO as a 3-star 

Group (DOG) 

Four Logistics / 
Service Centers 

■Appoint Vice Commandant as 4-Star 

■Establish Deputy Commandant for 
Mission Support (DCMS) 


Maritime Strategy 
is published 

Commandant for 
Operations (AGO) 

Pacific & Atlantic 
Area Numbered 


■Transition Combatant Command 






2011 and beyond 

Visioning and Design I Functional Alignment | Process Engineering Change-Centric Organization 

issoe&l 0 
Entent Action 

Team (STT) 

Blueprint for 



U SCG i nitiates 3 fd (O P C OW) 

party review by Command Center 
National Academy wifr| national 
P u blic Admin istration ca P a bitities 

(NAPA) established 

Updated tines of 
accounting to 
reflect modernized 
org structure 

During the Second Session of the 111th Congress, 
the Coast Guard will continue to seek legislation 
to complete its strategic modernization effort—the 
cornerstone of its legislative program. 

Critical elements of the Coast Guard’s strategic 
modernization include: (1) the creation of a Coast 
Guard Operations Command and Coast Guard 
Force Readiness Command, which streamlines 
the Service’s field command and control structure, 
and enhance fleet standardization and readiness, 
respectively; (2) designation of a Deputy 
Commandant for Operations, consolidating and 
unifying operations policy, planning, requirements 
and capabilities; and (3) the designation of a 
Deputy Commandant for Mission Support, 
harmonizing personnel, acquisitions, research and 
development, engineering, information systems, 
and logistics support management across the 
Service. Certain statutory prescriptions pertaining 
to the organization of the Service preclude final 
alignment at the leadership level; the Coast 
Guard’s proposal addresses these limitations. 

Modernization enables our support systems to 
be more responsive to our operators, our force 
structure to be more responsive to mission 
execution, and the Coast Guard to be more 
responsive to our Nation. 

2009 Milestones 

In 2009, Modernization efforts established five Logistics and 
Service Centers: 

• Shore Infrastructure Logistics Center (SILC) 

• Personnel Service Center (PSC) 

• Legal Service Center (LSC) 

• C4IT Service Center (C4ITSC) 

• Surface Forces Logistics Center (SFLC) 

These centers consolidated field support by providing improved 
24-hour customer service, one-stop technical support, and 
assistance for all matters that go beyond the expertise of the 
field unit. Maintenance Logistics Centers and Integrated Support 
Commands were disestablished and incorporated into these 
Centers to align, standardize, and streamline mission support 
and business processes across the Service. 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 31 

Underway and making Way Toward 

The Coast Guard is proud to report that, as a leader in maritime stewardship, it is underway and making way toward 
becoming more “green.” What does this mean? As a green Coast Guard, the organization is making choices today 
that reduce, minimize, and may even reverse the negative impacts of its actions on the earth and its resources. 
The Coast Guard is in the midst of a comprehensive review of its energy management program, including shore, 
fuel, and resource components. Concurrently, the Coast Guard is seizing opportunities to leverage renewable 
energy sources, minimize environmental impacts, and reduce life-cycle costs while sustaining infrastructure and 
capabilities necessary to execute missions. 

Coast Guard Yard Baltimore Landfill Gas 

The Coast Guard’s first Landfill Gas 
Renewable Energy Center was opened on 
Earth Day, April 22,2009, at the Coast Guard 
Yard in Baltimore, Md. In collaboration with 
Ameresco Federal Service Group, and 
the City of Baltimore, the Coast Guard’s 
Renewable Energy Center is burning 
methane from a Baltimore-owned landfill 
and converting the gas into steam and 
electricity for shipyard use. The Renewable 
Energy Center has the capability to 
provide 100 percent of the Yard’s electricity 
requirements for approximately 15 years. 
For each year this center operates, the 
reduction in greenhouse gas emissions 
will be equal to removing 33,000 cars from 
local roads. 

Training Center Petaluma Solar 
Energy and Conservation 

“Petaluma Green” is an innovative program at Training 
Center Petaluma, Calif., that uses renewable energy 
and conserves water and natural resources. In Sept. 
2009, Training Center Petaluma installed a four-acre 
solar array as part of a Power Purchase Agreement 
(PPA) with SilRay, Inc. With no up-front costs to the 
Coast Guard, this PPA, the first in the history of the 
Coast Guard, allows the contractor to build, own, and 
operate the solar photovoltaic system on Coast Guard 
property and sell the energy back to the facility at a fixed 
rate over the life of the 25-year contract. The panels will 
provide the Training Center with up to one megawatt of 
renewable energy. 

Coast Guard photo 

a Greener Coast Guard 

The Operations Building at Base Support Unit 
Seattle is the first Leadership in Energy and 
Environmental Design (LEED) certified new 
construction building in the Coast Guard. 
Other LEED certified buildings can be found 
throughout the Coast Guard from Emerald Isle, 
N.C. to Cordova, Alaska, to Marquette, Mich., to 
New York, N.Y. Coast Guard photo 

Did you know? 

Base Support Unit Honolulu Conservation 

Base Support Unit Honolulu has teamed with interns from the 
University of Hawaii to implement sustainability measures. The 
interns completed a solid waste management study, and developed 
a new recycling program wherein plastic bags were banned at the 
base exchange. Winners of the Commandant’s Environmental 
Award for Sustainability, the team piloted an Energy Auditing class 
and completed a renewable energy optimization study through 
the National Renewable Energy Lab. 

Coast Guard Cutter Healy 

The CGC Healy completely eliminated the discharge of 
non-food solid waste while at sea through a recycling and 
waste management program that incorporates active and 
robust sorting, and aggressive recycling. 
■ They currently recycle corrugated cardboard, 
white office paper, individual drink containers 
(aluminum, glass, plastic), and scrap metal. 

Training Center Cape May, N.J. is planning to install two 1.6 
megawatt wind turbines in late 2011 that will supply the training 
center with over 70% of its electricity. 

As a leader in maritime stewardship and marine 
environmental protection, the Coast Guard feels 
strongly that continued progress toward a greener 
Coast Guard is the right thing to do. Opportunities, 
such as the great promise of waste woody biomass renewable fuel heating plants at Coast Guard facilities 
in Ketchikan, Sitka, and Kodiak, Alaska, continue to be pursued. Water conservation, energy conservation, 
and renewable energy - these are the necessary first steps for the Coast Guard to reduce its impact on the 
environment, reduce operating costs, and to make a difference for our planet. 

Coast Guard Hero 

Warrant Officer Charles D. Crabb (F&S2) 

Finance and Supply Specialist (F&S) Charles D. Crabb of the U.S. Coast 
Guard Academy Logistics Branch is a driving force that is critical to advancing 
the Academy’s sustainability practices and recycling efforts. F&S2 Crabb’s 
leadership and dedication resulted in the contribution of 241,436 pounds 
of material for reuse and recycling, representing 24.1% of the Academy’s overall recycling 
endeavors. He championed the Academy’s Qualified Recycling Program, a trial recycling 
program for wood and pallets; the massive donation of Cadet personal property; and the 
“Cadet Swap Shop.” He also made significant contributions to the Academy’s Federal 
Electronics Challenge and the Federal Electronics Reuse and Recycling Campaign. All of 
these efforts saved the Coast Guard over $9,000. 

The CGC Venturous, with both of its onboard's^H boats^trgnsports 
107 bales of marijuana that it seized from a suspectvessel spotted tr 
while the cutter was en route to its homeport of Miami Oct. 3,2009. 
Photo by ENG4 Karyn Terry 

Budget in Brief 

Section III 


Recapitalize Operating Assets and Sustain Infrastructure.38 




Operating Expenses.41 

Environmental Compliance and Restoration.43 

Reserve Training.43 

Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements.43 

Alteration of Bridges.43 

Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation.43 

Health Care Fund Contribution.44 

Retired Pay.44 

Boating Safety.44 

Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund.44 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 37 

Budget in Brief 

The FY 2011 President’s Budget continues funding 
for recapitalization of aging assets (e.g., cutters, 
aircraft, boats, and C4ISR) and infrastructure. 
Recapitalization is vital to preserving future 
surface, air, and shore asset capability, and is an 
essential investment for the Nation. In addition 
to recapitalization, the FY 2011 President’s 
Budget includes pay and standard personnel costs 
associated with the military workforce, training, 
operating funds for new assets, and unit and depot 


Recapitalize Operating Assets and Sustain Infrastructure 

Surface Assets 
$856.0M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $856.0M for surface asset 
recapitalization or enhancement initiatives: 
production of National Security Cutter (NSC) #5; 
continued analysis and design of the Offshore 
Patrol Cutter (OPC); production of Fast Response 
Cutters (FRC-Bs) #9 - #12; production of Cutter 
Small Boats - one Long Range Interceptor and 
one Short Range Prosecutor; and operational 
enhancement of three Medium Endurance Cutters 
at the Coast Guard Yard through the Mission 
Effectiveness Project. 

Air Assets 
$101.0M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $101.0M for the following air 
asset recapitalization or enhancement initiatives: 
production of HC-144A Maritime Patrol Aircraft 
#15; HH-60 engine sustainment and avionics, 
wiring and sensor upgrades for eight aircraft; 
HC-130H avionics and sensor development and 
testing, and the acquisition of components for two 
center wing box replacements; and HC-130J fleet 

Asset Recapitalization - Other 
$155.5M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $155.5M for the following 
equipment and services: continued development 
of logistics capability and facility upgrades at 
shore sites where new assets will be homeported; 
and design and development of command, 

control, computer, communications, intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) 
integrated hardware and software systems for 
surface and air assets. 

Response Boat-Medium (RB-M) 

$42.0M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $42M to order 10 boats to 
replace the aging 41-foot utility boat and other 
non-standard boats with an asset more capable 
of meeting the Coast Guard’s multi-mission 

Rescue 21 
$36.0M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $36.0M to complete 
deployment at Sectors Detroit, Mich.; Los Angeles/ 
Long Beach, Calif.; Honolulu, Hawaii; San Juan, 
P.R.; Guam; and Buffalo, N.Y.; and continue 
deployment at Sectors Lake Michigan and Sault 
Sainte Marie, Mich.; Ohio River Valley, Ky.; Upper 
Mississippi River, Mo.; and Lower Mississippi 
River, Tenn. The Rescue 21 system is the Coast 
Guard’s primary communications, command, and 
control system for all inland and coastal missions. 

Shore Facilities and Aids to Navigation 
(ATON) Recap Projects 
$69.2M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $69.2M to recapitalize shore 
infrastructure for safe, functional, and modern 
shore facilities that effectively support Coast 
Guard assets and personnel. FY 2011 funding 

• Survey and Design - Planning and 
engineering of out-year shore projects. 

• Minor Shore Projects - Completion of 
minor shore construction projects that are 
less complex but enable the Coast Guard 
to respond to critical operational and life 
safety issues associated with degraded shore 

• ATON Infrastructure - Improvements to 
short-range aids and infrastructure. 

• Chase Hall Barracks - Continued renovations 
to the Coast Guard Academy’s Chase Hall by 
modernizing and improving habitability of 
the cadet barracks. 

• Newport, R.I. Pier — Improving an existing 
pier face to provide over 800+ linear feet of 
moorings for Coast Guard Cutters Juniper, 

38 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Budget in Brief 

Willow, and Ida Lewis, and create the 
necessary pierside support facilities. 

• Aviation Technical Training Center 
- Building upon efforts funded under the 
American Recovery and Reinvestment 
Act (ARRA) to rehabilitate Thrun Hall at 
the Aviation Technical Training Center in 
Elizabeth City, NC. 

$14.0M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $14.0M for the construction, 
renovation, and improvement of Coast Guard 
military family housing. The Coast Guard 
currently owns 4,020 military housing units, the 
average age of which is over 40 years. Funding is 
critical to improving Coast Guard-owned housing 
facilities, enhancing the quality of life of the 
military workforce and their families, and reducing 
the overall shore infrastructure maintenance 

Military Workforce 
$86.2M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $86.2M to maintain parity 
of military pay, allowances, and health care with 
the DoD. As a branch of the Armed Forces of the 
United States, the Coast Guard is subject to the 
provisions of the National Defense Authorization 
Act (NDAA), which includes pay and personnel 
benefits for the military workforce. The Coast 
Guard’s multi-mission military workforce is unique 
within DHS. This request includes funding for 
Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH), childcare 
benefits for Coast Guard members, Permanent 
Change of Station (PCS) costs, and military health 
care costs. 

Shore Facilities 
$4.3M, 0 FTE 

The budget provides $4.3M for the operation 
and maintenance of Acquisition, Construction 
and Improvement (AC&I) shore facility projects 
scheduled for completion prior to FY 2011. 

Funding is required for daily operating costs for 
energy, utility services, grounds maintenance, 
routine repairs, and housekeeping. These costs 
also include the operation and maintenance of the 
ATON’s day/night/sound/electronic signal, power 
system, and support structure. 

Response Boat-Medium (RB-M) Maintenance 
$2.0M, +5 FTE 

The budget provides $2.0M for FY 2011 operations 
and maintenance costs associated with delivery 
of 18 RB-Ms. This request also includes electrical 
support personnel and associated personal 
protective equipment to support the platform’s 
increased capability. 

Rescue 21 Follow-on 
$7.1M, +1 FTE 

The budget provides $7.1M for follow-on funding 
to operate Rescue 21, the Coast Guard’s primary 
system for performing the functional tasks 
of command, control, and communications in 
the inland and coastal zones for Coast Guard 
operations including search and rescue and 
maritime security missions. This funding will 
support five distinct cost categories that sustain 
Rescue 21: equipment operation and maintenance, 
circuit connectivity, property and power, training, 
and technology refresh. 

Rescue Swimmer Training Facility (RSTF) 
$1.9M, +7 FTE 

The budget provides $1.9M for the operation and 
maintenance of the RSTF and its Modular Egress 
Training Simulator (METS), or dunker, as well as 
recurring training costs. The RSTF will directly 
support Aviation Survival Technician (Rescue 
Swimmer) training and qualification standards, as 
well as egress certification and recertification for 
air crews and some small boat crews. 

Surface and Air Asset Follow-on 
$62.5M, +173 FTE 

The budget provides a total of $62.5M to fund 
operations and maintenance of cutters, boats, 
aircraft, and associated subsystems delivered 
through major cutter, aircraft, and associated 
C4ISR acquisition efforts. Funding is requested for 
the following assets: 

• NSC - Shoreside logistics support and 
maintenance funding necessary for three 
NSCs located in Alameda, Calif.; unit 
operations and maintenance funding for the 
third NSC scheduled for delivery in FY 2011. 

• Training System Personnel - Funding 
and training personnel for the NSC C4ISR 
training suite at Training Center Petaluma, 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 39 

Budget in Brief 

• FRC — Operating and maintenance funding 
for the first five FRCs scheduled for delivery 
in FY 2011 and homeported in Miami, Fla.; 
shore-side maintenance personnel needed to 
support FRCs being delivered in FY 2011; 
and, personnel to operate and maintain 

the seventh and eighth FRCs scheduled for 
delivery early in 2012. 

• Transition Aviation Training Center Mobile 
and Air Station Miami to HC-144A Maritime 
Patrol Aircraft (MPA) — Funding to support 
a change in aircraft type, allowance, and 
programmed utilization rates at Aviation 
Training Center Mobile, Ala. and Air Station 
Miami, Fla. 

• HC-144A MPA — Operating and maintenance 
funding and personnel for aircraft #12 and 
personnel for aircraft #13; logistics support 
personnel and maintenance funding for the 
HC-144A product line. 

• Armed Helicopters for Homeland Security 
Follow-on - Recurring funds to maintain 
Airborne Use of Force (AUF) Kit “A” 
equipment for 22 HH-65C helicopters. 

• C4ISR Follow-on - Funding to maintain new 
high-speed Ku-band satellite communications 
systems installed on major cutters prior to FY 


The FY 2011 President’s Budget includes 
efficiencies, consolidation initiatives, 
decommissionings, and operational restructuring. 
Savings associated with targeted efficiencies and 
consolidation initiatives have been redirected 
to support operations and maintenance and 
recapitalization priorities. 

Maritime Safety and Security Teams 
-$18.2M, -196 FTE 

In FY 2011, five Maritime Safety and Security 
Teams (MSSTs) will be decommissioned. The 
seven remaining MSSTs will deploy regionally to 
mitigate the highest prevailing port security risks 
in the Nation’s critical ports. 

MSSTs will continue to escort vessels, patrol 

critical infrastructure, perform counter terrorism 
activities, enforce laws aboard high interest 
vessels, and respond to unanticipated surge 
operations (e.g., mass migration response, 
hurricane response, terrorist attack, etc.) 
consistent with regional threats. 

As part of this initiative, the Coast Guard will 
reinvest partial MSST savings in the Law 
Enforcement Detachment (LEDET) program to 
address increased demand for LEDET services in 
support of Coast Guard missions. The FY 2011 
investment increases the roster of all 17 existing 
LEDETS from 11 to 12 members per team, and 
creates one new 12-person LEDET. LEDETs 
are high return-on-investment National assets 
that augment Defense operations in support 
of Combatant Commanders and counter drug 
operations in the Caribbean and Eastern Pacific. 

High Endurance Cutters 
-$28.2M, -383 FTE 

In FY 2011, the Coast Guad will decommission 
four High Endurance Cutters (HEC). The average 
age of the HEC fleet is 42 years. A disproportionate 
share of the depot level maintenance budget 
is being used to sustain these aging assets. 

With two NSCs anticipated to be operational 
by 2011, the Coast Guard is positioned to begin 
decommissioning these legacy assets. 

Medium Endurance Cutter 
-$2.8M, -43 FTE 

In FY 2011, the Coast Guard will retire the 
Medium Endurance Cutter Acushnet. Acushnet 
is well past its useful service life and has unique 
systems that are costly and difficult to sustain. 

HU-25 Aircraft 
-$7.7M, -32 FTE 

In FY 2011, Coast Guard will decommission four 
HU-25 fixed winged aircraft. Three aircraft will 
be immediately replaced by the new HC-144A 
aircraft. The fourth HU-25 will be retired from 
service at Coast Guard Air Station (A/S) Cape Cod, 
Mass., reducing aircraft allowance at this station 
from four to three until a replacement HC-144A 
arrives. Three aircraft provide the minimum 
manning required to maintain 24x7 Search and 
Rescue capability. 

40 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Budget in Brief 

Coast Guard Hero 

Petty Officer 1st Class Jessica A. Wolchak (BM1) 

Petty Officer 1 st Class Jessica Wolchak, a boatswain’s mate (BM) stationed 
at Coast Guard Station New York on Staten Island, N.Y., serves as a 
coxswain on a 25-foot small response boat. BM1 Wolchak was recently 
selected as the Coast Guard recipient for the United Service Organizations 
(USO) Military Leadership Award, which was given to one female from every branch of 
service as part of the 43rd annual Woman of the Year award ceremony held in New York 
City on April 7, 2009. Wolchak was selected in part for her role during the U.S. Airways 
Flight 1549 crash landing on the Hudson River - the multi-agency response to the crash 
resulted in the rescue of 155 passengers and crew onboard the downed aircraft. (Photo 
by PA3 Barbara Patton) 


Rotary Wing Capacity 
-$5.5M, -34 FTE 

In FY 2011, the Coast Guard will realign rotary 
wing capacity to provide four medium-range 
HH-60 helicopters to the Great Lakes region. To 
facilitate this delivery of enhanced multi-mission 
capability, two HH-60 helicopters from Operations 
Bahamas Turks & Caicos and two HH-60s from 
Maritime Security Response Team (MSRT) in 
Chesapeake, Va. will be permanently relocated 
to Coast Guard Air Station A/S Traverse City, 
Mich. Upon arrival of the four HH-60s, five HH- 
65 helicopters presently stationed at A/S Traverse 
City will be removed from active service. 

The HH-60 helicopter has the added capability 
over the HH-65 to operate in extreme cold weather 
conditions, including icing, which persist in the A/S 
Traverse City area of responsibility approximately 
five months per year. In addition, the HH-60 
helicopter has double the flight time endurance 
of the HH-65 providing additional operational 
range for Search and Rescue (SAR) missions and 
security patrols in the Great Lakes region and 
along the northern maritime border. Enhancing 
the operational capability of A/S Traverse City 
helicopters will also enable the closure of two 
seasonal Coast Guard Air Facilities at Muskegon, 
Mich, and Waukegan, Ill. while still meeting SAR 
program response requirements. 

YEAR 2011 

Table 1 on page 42, 
provides a summary 
by appropriation 
of the FY 2011 
President’s Budget 
for the Coast Guard. 
Additional details 
are listed for each 
Because of the 
Coast Guard’s 
character, funding 
is not appropriated by its 11 statutory missions. 
Instead, the substantial portion of discretionary 
funding is appropriated for Coast Guard 
“Operating Expenses,” which supports all Coast 
Guard missions. Table 2, on page 42, provides an 
estimation of the FY 2008 - FY 2010 budgets by 


Operating Expenses (OE) 

Actual, FY 2009.$6,428,718 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$6,563,888* 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$6,650,950 

Change from FY 2010.$87,062 

*For comparitive purposes, excludes $241.5M for 
Overseas Contingency Operations and $54.OM 
transferred from the National Science Foundation for 
Polar Operations, these programs are funded through 
reimbursements in other years. 

Appropriation Description 

The Operating Expenses (OE) appropriation 
provides funding for the operation and 
maintenance of multi-purpose vessels, aircraft, 
and shore units strategically located along the 
coasts and inland waterways of the United States 
and in selected areas overseas. This is the primary 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 41 

Budget in Brief 

Table 1: Appropriation Summary 

Appropriations ($000) 

FY 2009 

Actual Obligations 

FY 2010 


FY 2011 

President's Budget 

Operating Expenses (OE) 




Environmental Compliance and Restoration (EC&R) 




Reserve Training (RT) 




Acquisition, Gonslruction, and Improvements (AC&I) 


SI ,536,280 


Alteration of Bridges 




Research, Development Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) 




Health Care Fund Conlribution (HFC) 




Subtotal (Discretionary Funding) 




Retired Pay 




Boating Safety 




Oil Spin Liability Trust Fund (OSLTF) 




Gift Fund 




Subtotal (Mandatory Funding) 




DoD Transfer, P.L. 110-252 




DoD 2nd Transfer, P.L 110-252 

(SI 395031 


Overseas Contingency Operations Funding (OCOJ (P L. 111-83) 




Transfer from. National Science Foundation (NSF) (Pi, 111-117) 




Proposed DoD Transfer 




Subtotal (Transfers and Supplemental) 








Table 2: FY 2011 Budget Authority Breakout by Mission 1 

Coast Guard Mission ($000) 

FY 2009 

Revised Enacted 

FY 2010 

FY 2011 

Pres. Budget 

FY 2011 +/- 
FY 2010 

Search and Rescue 





Marine Safety 





Aids to Navigation 





Ice Operations 





Marine Environmental Protection 





Living Marine Resources 





Drug Interdiction 





Migrant Interdiction 





Other Law Enforcement 





Ports, Waterways, and Coastal Security 





Defense Readiness 





Net Discretionary: Excluding Supplimental 





lr The Coast Guard budgets by Congressionally established Appropriations (see Table 1) rather than Mission Programs. In 
order to display budget allocated by Mission program, we use an activity-based cost model that averages past expenditures 
to forecast future spending. The FY 2009 and FY 2010 funding amounts are revised from the estimates previously reported. 
Actual FY 2010 and FY 2011 expenditures may vary. 

42 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 

Budget in Brief 

appropriation financing operational activities of 
the Coast Guard. 

Environmental Compliance and Restoration (EC&R) 

Actual, FY 2009.$11,317 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$13,198 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$13,329 

Change from FY 2010.$131 

Appropriation Description 

The Environmental Compliance and Restoration 
appropriation assists in bringing Coast Guard 
facilities into compliance with applicable federal 
and state environmental regulations; conducting 
facilities response plans; developing pollution and 
hazardous waste minimization strategies; and 
conducting environmental assessments. These 
funds permit the continuation of a service-wide 
program to correct environmental problems, 
such as major improvements to storage tanks 
containing petroleum and regulated substances. 
The program addresses Coast Guard facilities and 
third-party sites where Coast Guard activities 
have contributed to environmental concerns. 

Reserve Training 

Actual, FY 2009.$130,102 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$133,632 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$135,675 

Change from FY 2010.$2,043 

Appropriation Description 

The Reserve Training appropriation provides 
for the training of qualified individuals who 
are available for active duty in time of war or 
national emergency, or to augment regular Coast 
Guard forces in the performance of peacetime 
missions. Program activities fall into the following 

Pay, Benefits, and Allowances - Funds the costs 
associated with salaries, benefits, and other 
compensation for full-time staff that support 
members of the Selected Reserve. 

Operations, Maintenance, and Administration 
- Funds the costs related to training Reservists, 
administering the Reserve program, and the 
portion of organizational costs shared by the 
Reserve Training appropriation for the day-to- 

day operation and maintenance of the Coast 
Guard Reserve program. 

Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements (AC&I) 

Actual, FY 2009.$1,242,280 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$1,536,280 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$1,381,228 

Change from FY 2010.($155,052) 

Appropriation Description 

The Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements 
appropriation finances the acquisition of new 
capital assets, construction of new facilities, and 
physical improvements to existing facilities and 
assets. The appropriation covers Coast Guard- 
owned and operated vessels, aircraft, shore 
facilities, and other equipment such as computer 
systems and personnel needed to manage 
acquisition activities. 

Alteration of Bridges 

Actual, FY 2009.$155,997 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$4,000 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$0 

Change from FY 2010.($4,000) 

Appropriation Description 

The alteration of unreasonably obstructive 
bridges improves navigational safety and freedom 
of mobility to facilitate commerce, emergency 
response, and U.S. Government operations, by 
providing sufficient clearances for the type of 
vessels that transit through the bridge. 

Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) 

Actual, FY 2009.$19,592 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$24,745 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$20,034 

Change from FY 2010.$4,711 

Appropriation Description 

Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation 
funding allows the Coast Guard to sustain and 
enhance mission performance through applied 
research and development conducted at the Coast 
Guard’s Research and Development Center in New 
London, Conn., as well as through partnerships 
with DHS and DoD. 

U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement • 43 

Budget in Brief 

Health Care Fund Contribution (HFC) 

Actual, FY 2009.$257,305 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$266,006 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$265,321 

Change from FY 2010.$685 

Appropriation Description 

The Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Fund 
Contribution provides funding to maintain the 
cost of accruing the military Medicare-eligible 
health benefit contributions to the DoD Medicare- 
Eligible Retiree Health Care Fund. Contributions 
are for future Medicare-eligible retirees currently 
serving on active duty in the Coast Guard, retiree 
dependents, and their potential survivors. The 
authority for the Coast Guard to make this 
payment on an annual basis was provided in 
the 2005 Defense Appropriations Act (P.L. 108- 
375). While this expenditure requires no annual 
action by Congress, it is considered discretionary 

Retired Pay 

Actual, FY 2009.$1,281,414 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$1,361,245 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$1,400,700 

Change from FY 2010.$39,455 

Appropriation Description 

The Retired Pay appropriation provides payments 
as identified under the Retired Serviceman’s 
Family Protection and Survivor Benefits Plans, 
as well as other retired personnel entitlements 
identified under the National Defense 
Authorization Act. It also provides payments 
for medical care of retired personnel and their 

Boating Safety 

Actual, FY 2009.$145,587 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$128,889 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$119,000 

Change from FY 2010.($9,889) 

Appropriation Description 

The Boating Safety appropriation funds the Coast 
Guard’s Boating Safety program. This program 
minimizes loss of life, personal injury, property 
damage, and environmental impact associated 

with the use of recreational boats. In its role as the 
designated National Recreational Boating Safety 
Program Coordinator, the Coast Guard manages 
dedicated user fee funding to support the National 
Recreational Boating Safety Program provided 
from the Sport Fish Restoration and Boating Trust 
Fund. Under the provisions of the Sportfishing and 
Recreational Boating Safety Act of 2005 (Subtitle 
A, Title X, P.L. 109-59), the Coast Guard receives a 
percentage distribution of total trust fund receipts 
from the preceding fiscal year, and a portion of the 
funds drawn out of the Boating Safety Account of 
the trust fund. 

Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund (OSLTF) 

Actual, FY 2009.$139,464 

Appropriation, FY 2010.$91,000 

Budget estimate, FY 2011.$92,000 

Change from FY 2010.$1,000 

Appropriation Description 

The Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund provides a 
source of funds for removal costs and damages 
resulting from oil spills, or the substantial threat 
of a spill, into navigable waters of the U.S. In 
accordance with the provisions of the Oil Pollution 
Act of 1990 (OPA 90), the President may make 
available up to $50 million annually from the fund 
for oil spill removal activities. The fund supports 
the Coast Guard’s stewardship role by providing 
payment for all valid claims for removal costs and 
damages including claims for natural resource 
damages resulting from oil spills. 

Photo courtesy of Northrop Grumman 

44 • U.S. Coast Guard Posture Statement 


Photo by David Silva 

Here to Protect, Ready to rescue