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DOCUMENT RESUME 



ED 065 100 HE 003 263 

Higher Education in the states, v3, n4. 

Education commission of the states, Denver, colo. 

May 72 
56p. 

Higher Education Services, Education Commission of 
the States, 1860 Lincoln Street, Suite 300, Denver, 
Colorado 80203 

EDRS PRICE MF-S0.65 HC-S3.29 

DESCRIPTORS: *College Planning; Colleges; ^Educational 

Administration; ♦Educational Development; Governance; 

♦Higher Education; Institutional Administration; 

♦Legal Problems 

ABSTRACT 

This document contains a summary table of the 
statutes, amendments, and constitutional provisions in the 50 states 
forming the legal bases for the establishment of educational 
corporations and private postsecondary institutions. The major 
portion of the legal bases concern 2- and 4-year degree-granting 
institutions and nonprofit corporations. The summary 1 table includes 
12 areas of concern and, because of the number and lengths of these 
areas, has been divided into 2 parts as follows: Part 1 contains (1) 
provisions for the incorporation or chartering of corporations and/or 
institutions; (2) provisions concerning licensure, accreditation, 
certification, or permission at the state level; (3) descriptions of 
the types of postsecondary institutions included in the statutory 
provisions; (4) provisions for restricting or prohibiting. certain 
titles such as college or university; (5) regulation or authorization 
for the granting of degrees; and (6) provisions for the development 
and maintenance of standards, rules, and regulations; Part 2 
contains: (7) provisions for certain financial requirements before a 
corporation or institution is chartered, established, or operated; 

(8) provisions for evaluations, review, investigations, etc.; (9) 
provisions covering out-of-state schools for operation in another 
state or correspondence courses; (10) any penalties or descriptions 
of offenses or violations of statutes; (11) institutions or areas 
excepted from the statute cited; and (12) miscellaneous areas of 
concern. (Author/HS) 



TITLE 

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higher education t [, n e states 

published by the education commission of the states 

vol. 3 no. 4 may-june 1972 

pages 65-120 



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This issue of Higher Education in the States contains a summary table of the 
statutes, amendments, and constitutional provisions in the 50 states forming 
the legal bases for the establishment of educational corporations and private 
postsecondary institutions. The major portion of the legal bases concern 
two- and four-year degree-granting institutions and nonprofit corporations. 
For the convenience of the reader and user, the table has been divided into 
two parts, as described below. Part One begins on page 66 and Part Two on 
page 98. 



In 1970, the North Central Association of Colleges 
and Secondary Schools published an article in its 
Quarterly (Vol. XLIV, No. 3, Winter 1970) by Dr. 
Robert L. Williams, Administrative Dean of the 
University of Michigan. In his article, “Legal Bases 
for Establishment of Private Institutions of Higher 
Education", Dr. Williams analyzed the statutes 
from each of the 50 states providing the conditions 
to be met before a charter or articles of incorpora- 
tion could be issued. At the present time, the 
Education Commission of the States is considering 
forming a task force or advisory committee to 
study this area and possibly develop sample legisla- 
tion for approving new postsecondary institutions 
and authorizing the granting of degrees. We are 
grateful to Dr. Williams for his generosity in 
lending us the legislative statutes used for his 
report. These statutes were very helpful in prepar- 
ing the summary table on the following pages. The 
table will provide initial background material for 
the proposal task force, together with any legisla- 
tion not included which we are hopeful will be 
brought to our attention, particularly in the area of 
proprietary and correspondence types of institu- 
tions. 

The summary table includes twelve areas of con- 
cern and, because of the number and lengths of 
these areas, has been divided into two parts as 
follows: 



PART ONE (pages 66-97): Cited below each state’s 
name are the statutes from which the information 
is derived. The six areas in this part are: (1) 
provisions for the incorporation or chartering of 
corporations and/or institutions, (2) provisions 
concerning licensure, accreditation, certification, 
or permission at the state level; (3) descriptions of 
the types of postsecondary institutions included in 
the statutory provisions; (4) provisions for restrict- 
ing or prohibiting certain titles such as “college" or 
“university"; (5) regulation or authorization for 
the granting of degrees; and (6) provisions for the 
development and maintenance of standards, rules, 
and regulations. 



PART TWO (pages 98-119): The areas included in 
columns seven through twelve are: (7) provisions 
for certain financial requirements before corpora- 
tion or institution is chartered, established, or 
operated; (8) provisions for evaluations, review, 
investigations, and the like; (9) provisions, if any, 
covering out-of-state schools for operation in 
another state or correspondence courses; (10) any 
penalties or description of offenses or violations of 
statutes; (11) institutions or areas excepted or 
exempted from the statute cited; and (12) miscel- 
laneous areas of concern. 



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