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D0CUH2BT BBSOIE 



BO 125 442 

iUTBOB 

TITLE . 
IHSTITOTIOH 
POB DiTE 
BOTE 

• * 

EPBS PBICE 
DiSCBIPTOSS 



IDEITIPIBES 



♦ HI e08 oto 

Williais. Jaies M.:^ 

Econoiic Iipact of a Predok^nat.ely Black College, 
ilcorn State. ilniV., ' Lorian, Hiss. 
[7a] . . , 

MP-$0.83 BC-$l/67 Plus Postage. 

♦Eccnciie Parctors; ♦Expenditures; ♦Higher Edacatioa; 
♦Hegro Colleges; Operating Expenses; ♦School 
CoHTinity Belationsbip; Tables (Data) 
♦ilccrn State DniT^rsi'ty 



ABSTEACI 

The j>ri»arj ^b^jectire of the Econoiic Iipact study 
vas to provide specific inf oriation about the economic iiMCt on 
various coBiuni^ies as a^re'sult of expenditures by the Dii|Pprsity and 
DaiTje^9ity-briented persons. The particular coiiunities involveS^^in 
this study were Port Gibson, Ticksburg, Payette, latchez^'and 
Jackson; Tiiis report describes, leasures, and projects the lajor cash 
f loirs froi Oniversfty-oriented persons and the various coiiunities 
■entioned previously-. " (Author) . , ' 



\ 



♦ DocQMnts acquired bj ^IC include aany inforial vnpablished ♦ 

♦ aateri^ls not available frohT other sources. EBIC aakea every effort * 

♦ to obtiiin the l^est copy available. levertheless, iteas of larginal ^ 

♦ reproducibility are often encountered and this af j^ects the quality 

♦ of the ■icr6£iche^>B4hard(;opy reproductions BBIC ukes available ♦ 

♦ via the EBIC DocusentlMtprQdQCtion Service (SSBS) . IDBS is not ♦ 

♦ respensible for the gualityof the original docoient. Jeprodactions ♦ 

♦ stnplled by Ifi^ are the bes^^hat can be sade fxoi the original. ♦ 



-si- 



r. 




By 

4ames W. Williams 



ECONOMIC IMPACT OF A ^ 
PREDOMINATELY BLACK COLLEGE 



Economic Iispac^jl^tudy 
Alcor n ' S tate* tfni vers i ty 



INTRODUCTICW 



Ttie primary objective of the Economic rn?)act study was to provi^de 
specific information about the econonLic ixqpact i^on veurious communities 
as* a result of expenditures by the University cuid the yniversity-oriented 
persons-. The particular communities involved in this study , were Port-* 
Gibson, \/icksburg, Fayette, Natchez and. Jackson. This report describes, 
measures^ and projects the major cash flows fx<xa Uifti^rsity-University 
oriented persons and the various cxxmmmities j^nt^^ It 
must be- noted that e^q>epdijbures for construction and renovatron were not 

specifically included in this study..^^rbe§e e3q>enditures are cdnsidered 

-\ ' ' ' , J"^?/ • ' \ \ • 

to* be *non-rec\irring as they are ncJt^on ^ annual basis. Hcwevet, dUring 

the past 5eVeralr-years the University's eaq?enditures. for construction ^"^i^ 

renovation have been approximately, three millim dollars per year. Hie, 

specific areas of ioapact cannot be noted' as this information coulp not 

be c^tained. ^ . 



PROCEDURE 



Following his research emphasizing the procedures of several surveys 
related to. Economic Iii?>act Studies, Dr, James W. WillWsTDi rector of 
Institutional I^search at Alcom^tate University, formulated questionnaires 
to be utilized for securing some of the apprc^riately needed ipformation in 
this study. A list of the names and addresses of two'hundrpd forty-six \ 
faculty and staff members was detained from a previous stu<^ done by 
Dr. Williams (survey of the Inner-Can?>us Mail^Distribution, November, 1973), 
On ;^ril 25, two hundr^ twenty-one <luestionnedres, along with a cover 
letter requesting that the questionnaire be caim«PC&d. and 'returned in the 
self-addressed envelope whidi was provided, y^re peKonally delivered to ^ 
faculty and staff members whose names appeared, on the list. (See Appendix 
for copies of the questicmh^re and letter.) Itie remaining twenty- five 
questionnairdi^p'Lelonging to en«>loyees who were not available at the time cif^Li 

i i . ^ . r, ▼ 

distribution were mailed to thi^ the same day. ; Forty-nine persons working 

in Buildings and Grounds v^ose names were not on the list were sent* 

« - * . - i> 

questionnaires and self-addressed envelopes to the Buildikgi and Grounds ' 
Main Office on May 16. In totals two hundred nine^-five iquestionnaires were 
distributed. 1 
_fwJlQtices reminding those witfi qu^tionnaires to xitumlthem to the Of fice 
Institutional Researdi were mailed on May JL3. (See J^pendix) In an Effort 



to reeaforce the necessi^^^f yie return of the questionnaires, personal 

contacl9»^*was made by the^ researd> assistant with faculty and staff on May 

15 dn^ l^^^d again on *3^e 6. Assistance in^the coinpletion of the 

,}/ ' ^ "-^^ * _ . . ^ 

questionnaire was^^ven to all persons who so requested on these dates. 

Approximately seven weeks were allowed for questionnaires to be sent 

to the Office of Institutional Research. A total of seventy-six / 

questionna^es were return^ during this seven week period. . ^ ^ 

^ When the majority of ^tl^ returns had been received, a cc^ding system _ " 

was devised and the information on the questionnaires was reccirded on 

computer data sheets. On June 12, when alT retums were in, these data 

sheets-jtfere 'sent to the Alcorn State University Coit?5uting Center fot pro-:. 

cessjLng. 

A modified version of the f aculty-staf^ questionnetij^e was developed for 

the students. In an effort to obtain a sanple represen^tive of all student 

classifications, classes cc«i5)osed of students of variaus majors and 

academic levels were selected, to {Participate contingent upon the consent of 

the instructor. Between April 25 and May lOf a total of 485 <^estionnaires 

were completed by students in classes* taught by Mr. G. J)od, Business; 

Dr. R. Wells, English; Dr. G. Bunner, Education; Dr. V. Prince, Social Science; 

Dr. P. Alford, Mathematics;, Dr. B. Dod, Physical Science; Dr. E. Hjermstadr 

Special Education; Mr. J. HoytT^Soci^l Science; Mr. G. Parker, Education; 

Mr^^^R. Fortenberry, Business; Dr. G. Sewell, Social Science; and.Dr* Brady, 
# 

Chemistry. 

A system was formulated for coding the que^tionnadre information on 
conputer data shee^t3. The completed data sheets were used by the Office of * , 



^Institutional Research to record the information on con?>uter data cards < 
These cards were sent to- the Computer Center in late July, 

Additional economic data was obtained from the offices of the 



Purchasing Agents Busirtess Manager and Cafetferia. This 



d^ 



and the com- 



puter data wa3 analyzed and recorded in the Office of Institutional Research. 

• ' ^ ' ' - " 3 . ■ • ' • 

The results of this study Are on the following pages. 



1. 



ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ALCORN STATE UNIVERSITY 

FAYETTE, MS. 1973-74 . - ' 

Number of students from Jefferson county for Fall 73-74 l89 

NuitSb^r of vendors from Fayette as indicated on the cxirrent list * • . • . 12 

Awount pcud to Vendors from* July, 1973 tp June, 1974 $60 > 854 

Total studenb expienditures for food, clothings, transportation, ^qq 
recreation, profes oional services, housing, etc. as indicated 
by a survey done during the spring semester 1974 

Faculty and staff e)cpenditur«s as indicated by a survey done during 
the spring semester of 1974. * \ 



Monthly Projections Yearly Projections 



Residential Expenditures^ _ 
(Jefferson County) 

Food Expenditures 

Personal Services and Articles 

Insuran(^e Premiums 

interest on Loans \ 

Contributions and Gifts 

Fl|^niture and Home Furnishings 

Entertainment and Hobbies 

Transportation 

Miscellaneous 



/ 



Totals 



$ 1,500 




$ 18,000 


2,412 




28,944 


,974 




18,444 


135 


I 

1' 

i 


1,620 


360 




4,320 


525 




6,300 


468- 




5,616 


/ 3,192 ; 




. 38,304 


$Url03 




$133,236 



Total projected yearly expenditures ../•.*..'. $28"), 690 

fS^e Multiplier Effect of 1^-^ -(computedjajr Mississippi Research and 
Development tenter) j^rtoduces a year:iyeconoteic impact of .... $4^9,673 




1 



ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ALCORN STATE UNIVERSITY 
^ JACKSON, MS, 1973-74 

/' 

Number of students from Hinds County for Fall 73-74 119 

Number of vendors from Jackson as indicated on the current list . • • 190 

Aniount paid to vendors from July, 1973 to June, 1974 . • . • . $ 149,910 

Cafteria expenditures for ^ood and supplies 1973-74' $ 191,203 

Total student expenditures for food, clothing, transportation, 

recreation', professional services, housing, etc. as indicated 

by a survey done during the spring semester 1^74 , $ 118,800 

Faculty and staff expenditures as indicated by a survey done during 
the spring semester of' 1974. w 



Monthly Projections Yearly Projections 



Residential Expenditures 



(Hinds Coxinty) ^ 


? 


500 


$ 6,000 


Food Expenditures 


4, 


725 


56,700 


Personal Services and Articles^ ^ 


4, 


043 


48,516 


Medical and Health 


2, 


079 


^ 24,948 


Other Professional Services 




187 


, , ^ 2,244 


Insurance Premiums . ' 




499 


i ^ 65^8 




# 






Interest on Locms 

• 




579 




Contributions & Gifts 




698 




Furnitxire cmd Home Furnishings 


1, 


836 


Sj i y ' 22,032 


Entertcdnment and Hobbies 


1, 


311 


■* ' . ^ 

15,732 

■ ■ ' - 


Transportation 


17, 


467 '* 


•- 

1^ 209,^04 


Miscellaneous 






^ 2,268 


Totals 


$40, 


113 


$481,356 


Totafl projected yearly expenditures 


• • • 




$941,269 



Hie Multiplier Effect of 1.7 (confuted by Mississippi Research and 
Development Center) ptodiices a yearly eeonomic inpai^ of $1,600,157 



• • ' ' ' * 

^ ECONOflIC impact' OF ALCORN STATE UNIVERSITY * 
NStolEZ, MS. I9Y3-74 

>■ « ' ' 

Number of students from Adams Count?^ for Fall 73-74 184 

Number of vendors from Natchez as indicated on the current list • • • • v 49 

Amount paid to vendors from July, 1973 to June, 1974 1 . . ^ . . $108,632 

Cafeteria expenditures, for food emd sv^plies 1973-74 ...... $30,574.39 

Total student expenditures for food, clothings, transportation, 
recreation, professional services, housing, etc. as indicated 
by a survey done during the spring semester 1974 $ 75,600 

Faculty and staff expenditures as indicated by a sui^vey done during 
the spring semester of 15t74^ 

^j^y Monthly Projections Yearly Projections 

J^sidentia!^ Expendi;t(u:es . , ^ , . . 

(Adams County^ $ 2^000 ' $ 30,000 

Food Expenditures * ^11,058 132,696 

Personal/Services & Articles ^ " 7,290 87,480 

/ 1^ ' ^ 

Medij^l and Health ^ - 

other Professional Service's*" 2,145 29,832. 

Insurande Premiums * - ♦ 337 , 4,044 

Iflterest on Loan^ . * 2^^S , ^ 25,740 

* ' ' * " . ! *; " 

Contribution^ & Qifts ^ ' 473 * 5,676 

- \ ^ / ^ ^ • . 

^ Furniture and Horpe |*urnishings / 1,386 ^ * 16,632 

• Entertainment^jrilcbbies ' ^ / 4,140 46,680 

Tra;»^pp^tion / . / \ 8,540 103,080 

'/msj^Janeous ' ' / v 270 3,240 

• ^ Totals $40, 175 ^ $482,100 

!B0^tal proje;2i;edl year^ expenditures ...••...#•. • $696,906 

The Miilnplier Effect of- U.7 (coinpUited by Mississippi Research and / % 
Dey^Jft^ment Ceiit») pro^u^s a yearly economic impact of . $1,184,740 




ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ALCORN STATE UNIVERSITY. 
PORT GIBSON/^. 197 > 74 

Number of students from Claiborne County for Fall 73-74 \. 244* 

Number pf vendors from Port Gibson as indicated on the current list • .C 40 



Amount .pai3 to vendors from July, 1973 to June, 19r74 



Total' student expenditures for food# clotfhing,^ ttansportation, 
re<:reation, fTrofessional services, housing,, etc, as indicated 
by a survey done during the spring semester 1974 , . . . . $111, 60C 

1 Faculty and staff expenditures 'as indicated by a survey' done during 
the spring semester' of 1974/ ^ " 




v 



Residential Exj^nditures 
A Cl aibojHfe Connty ) 

Fopd^ Expenditures 

' Personal Services and Articles 

Medical & Health 

Other Professional Services* 

Insurance Premium 

Interest on Loans 

ContribAions & Gifts 

• *Furnitxire and Home Fumishin 

Entertaifmient & Hobbies 

Transportation 

Miscellaneous 



Mon'thly Projections 

$ 4,000 

6,174 
3,242 
,1 ,365 
23 
1,890 

620 

735 

' 998 
7,881 
276 



A 

Yearly Projections <^ 



■$ 75,000 

74,088 
38;9d4 
16.,38tf 

22,680 

■7,"440- 

8,820 

4,536 

11 f 976 

94,572 

" 3,312 
$330,984 



$27,582 

Itie Multiplier Effect of .1.^ (<»3iBpvited by Mississippi Itesearch and 
Development Cent6r) t?J^o«iuces a yearly economic impact 6f ^ ~$871,6^ 



. Tbtals 

Total t)r6jected yearly e3q>ei»ditui«8- $512,739 



ECONOMIC IMPACT OF. ALCOPN S*ATE ONIVERSITY 

; VICKSBURG, MS. 1973r74 
If. • 

^ i 

, ijumber of students from Warren Coiinty for Fall\73-'/4 , , 143 

Number o^ vendors from Vicksburg.as indicated onXthe current liist*' • • • 54 



t 



4 



/ 

^46,889' 



$2.6,000 



Amount paid to vendors from .July, 1973 to June, 19^74 

Cafeteria expenditures fox food and supplies 1973-1 

Total student exp^nditxates for food, clothing, transj^rtation, 
recifeation, professional services, hoxising^, etc* as indicated / 
by a survey done during the spring semester 1974 • $93,000 



'Faculty and staff expenditures as-indtcate^^by a survey \§ohe during 
the spring semester of 1974, 



Monthly Projections \ Yearly, 



Residential Expenditures 
.(Warren Comvtyr) 

E'ooa Expenditures ' * 

Personal Services' & Articles 

Medical and Health * . 

Other Professional • ^^ 

Insurcuice Premiums 

Interest on leans \r ^ 



$ '750 
9,509 




9,000 



\ 114,108 



Contr4Jt>utiiM^/ and Gi^s . ^ 
Furniture-, and' Hotik^flSfTiishit^^ 
Entertainment & Hobbi^ 
Transportation 
Miscellaneous , 



8,570 ' 


0 


102,840 


2,744 ^ 




32,928 


60 




- 720 


■ 552 » 




6,624 


607 




' . 7,284 


/936 




■ 11,232- 


3^198 1 


y 


38,376 


i/ar44 




16,128 


10 ; IT'S 


t > ^ • 


122,064 






1,872 


$38,442 • 




$'4§i,3p4 : 



-^tAl^tJjected /yearly expenditures ....... jj^..-. . ^ .$627>'193 

The Multiplier;. JBffeqt Of 1.7 (computed by Mississippi Research wd 
Development Center) i^roduce»^^ yearly econoodc in^attt o£ $1,0^6,228 




OMip IMPACT OF MiCORN STATE yifJiVERSITY 
OTOER - FAcMiTY AND ^STAFF 
.1^73-74 ' 



^ C- 



Residential Expenditures 
Food fixpencS,tures * ' 
Personal Services and Articles 
Medical and Health ^ 
Other Professional Services 



Insurance Premi]ms 



Interest on 



Monthly Projections 




arly Prpjectibh/' 



Coi^tir^btitioils 



\ Entertainirfent 




? 2,767 


' $ 34,204 ' 






4,347 


52,164 


/f - 


14,256. 


362' 




6,075 * 


72,900 




54,048. 


3,927 ^ 


42^124 


'l,259 


15,^j0% ^ 


,1,458 


,17,496 ' 


15,246 


182,952 ' 


113 


1,356 


$4r,246 


$494,952 



"ECDNOMIC IJ©ACX O^'-^MfSora SilW^ UNIVERSITY 
OTOER - STUDENTS ^ 
• 1973-74" 



Total E3cpenditures 



Monthly Pr6j^cti^5 Ye^rly^ gyb jections 



$2S,50p/ ^ 



11 



. . CHXFACIERISTICS OF FACULTY & STAFF 
RBSPONEEUCS TO ECCXIOMIC IMPACT QUBSTICIiNAIRE 



Characteristics 



Number 



Male 
Female 

Married 
Single : 

Faculty ' 
'Staff 



42 
34 

40 
36 

37 
39 



Hoiiie Oiirership 



Yes 
No 



26 
50 



Total yalu6 of 26 who cm a hooe 
Average value of home per perscm 



$6^,000 
$ 23,423 



CHAHAC TCRIS T I CS OF STTOBNT* 
> TO j^NOMIC IMPACT .QUESTIC»INAIRE 



Ch€u:ac ter is ti cs 



Nmber 



Male - ' : 
Fesal^ 

MarriedV 
Single V 



Freshman 
Sof^. 
Jtmior 
Senior 
Not Given 



158 
319 

35 
442 

•ios 

112 



£72 



RiC . 



13 



it I 



CONCLUSIONS \ ^' 

Alcorn State University, a long- time' tjftember of the^^ltesterri Hississippi' 
coranmnityv is a significant econoauc foifce ia the area, Hie^otal direct 
in5)act of the University in the 'five eureas studied exceeds 3 million dollars 
a year. This inclxades direct expenditures of University employees, stui;3e«ts 
and general financiad expenditures of the Univ^rs^ty. Also, the full 
impact can only be determined after a Multiplier Factor is ^plied. Itie . 
total impact utilizing the Multiplier Factor exceeds 5 *Billi9n dollar^, a 
^year. ^ ' . * ' \ \ 

' In addition to the direct -expenditures, ^e Universal ty>^ adds other unique 
l:>enej^ts to the area. For example, it is a source of cultxf^^ and social - 
resourc^. It offers opportunities for continuing education anii trainiM for. 
citizens of ^ the area. Ibe faculty , arid staff of the Onivetrsi^ representai. ^ 

a pool of buJ^^iness, educatit»i, and scientific ej^rts available ti^i the,. 

' ,^ 

suriroiinding c3c^ftuhitie6, ^ . , . ,