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DOCOBENT BBSOHE 



BD 209 692 



CS 503 646 



AOTHOR 
TITLE 
POB DATE 
NOTE 

BDRS E'-RICE 
DESCaiPTORS 

IDENTIFIERS 



Foss, Karen A. 

Bibliography: Communication Apprehension, 

Feb 81 

52p, 

MF01/PC03 Plus Postage, 

♦Anxiety; Change. Strategies; *CoaimunicatiOii ProbjLeBi.s;' 
♦Communication' Research; Interpersonal Competence 
♦Communication Apprehension 



ABSTRACT . ■ . 

^ This bibiliography on communication apprenension was 

cotpiled from computer searches of the ERIC, Psychological Abstracts, 
and Dissertation Abstracts data bases, as well as from general , 
readings in the subject area. The more than 1,000 citations are 
arranged alphabetically by author within the followiiig categories: 
articles Ln books, bibliographies, books, research reports, theses 
and dissertations, periodicals, and' unpublished papers, (BL) 



********************************************************* 

* Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made * 

* from the original document, * 
^i************************ ******* 



ERIC 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION 

EDUCATtONAl RESOURCES INFORMATION 

f CENTER (ERIC) 
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rttt'tvwj from ihe person or ofcjaoizaiion 

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BIBLIOGRAPHY ' 



COMMUNICATION APPREHENSION 



Karen A. Foss 
Department of Speech Communication 
Humboldt State University 
Areata, California 95521 



• PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE THIS 
MATERIAL HAS BEEN GRANTED BY 

Karen A- Foss 



TO THE EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES 
INFORMATION CENTER (ERIC) " 



This bibliography, completed February 1981, was compiled from computer 
searches of ERIC, Psychological Abstracts, and Dissertation Abstracts, 
as well as from general reading in the subject area. 



^^IBLIOGRAPHY 
C0r4MUNICATI0N APPREHENSION 



Articles in Books 

Borkovec, T. J* "Physiological and Cognitive Processes in the Maintenance 
and Reduction of Fear." In Consciousness and Self-Regulation , 
Ed. G, E. Schwartz and D. Shaprio. New York: Plenum, 1976. 

Cottrell, N, B. "Performance in the Presence of Other Human Beings: Mere 

Presence, Audience, and Affiliation Effects." In Social Facilitation 
and Imitative Behavior . Ed. E. C. Simmel, R. A. Hoppe, and.G. A. - 
Milton. 

' ^ " • II 

Dixon, C. "Stuttering Adaption in Relation to Assumed Level of Anxiety. 

In Stuttering in Children and Adults . Ed^W. Johnson. Minneapolis: 
University of Minnesota Press, 1955. 

Falcione, R. L., James C. McCroskey, and John A. Daly. "Job Satisfaction 
as a Function of Employees* Communication Apprehension, Self- 
Esteem, and Perceptions of Their Immediate Supervisor." In 
Communication Yearbook I . Ed. B. D. Ruben, New Brunswick, N.J.: 
Transaction, 1977, 363-76. 

Franks, Cyril M., and G. Terrence Wilson. "Systematic Desensitization, 

Flooding, Symbolic Modeling, Cognitive Restructuring, and Assertion 
Training." In Annual Review of Behavior Therapy . Ed. Franks and 
Wilson. New York: Brunner/Mazel , 197b, 119-49. 

Glogower, Frederic D., William J. Fremouw, and James C. McCroskey. "Cognitive 
Restructuring Treatment Manual." Developed for "A Component Analysis 
of Cognitive Restructuring" in Cognitive Therapy and Research . 
Morgantown: West Virginia University, 1977. 

Hersen, M., and A. S. Bellack. "Assessment of Social Skills." In Handbook 
ot Behavioral Assessment . Ed. A. R. Ciminero, K. R. Calhoun, and 
H. E. Adams. New York: Wiley, 1976. 

Hersen, M., and R. M. Eisler. "Social Skills Training." In Behavior 

Modification Principles, Issues, and Applications . Ed. W. E. Craighead 
A. E. Kazdin, and M. J. Mahoney. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1976. 
# 

McReynolds, P. A. "Assimilation and Anxiety." In Emotions and Anxiety : 
New Concepts, Methods, and Applications . Ed. M. Zuckerman and 
C. D. Spielberger. New Yorlc: John Wiley & Sons, 1976, pp. 35-86. 

Mason,. J. W., and J. V. Brady. "The Sensitivity of Psychoendocrine Systems 
to Social and Physical Environment." In Psychobiological Aprroaches 
to Social Behavior . Ed. P. Leiderman and D. Shapiro. Stanford: 
Stanford University Press, 1964. 

Meichenbaum, D. H., and R. .Cameron. "The Clinical Potential of Modifying 
What Clients Say to Themselves." In Sclf-Control : Power to the 
Person . Ed. M. J. Mahoney and C. E. Thoreson. Monterey, CA: 
Brooks/Cole, 1974. 

• 3 

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Page, William T. "The Development of a Test to Measure Anticipated 

Communication Anxiety." In Bibliographic Annual in Speech Com- 
munication . Ed. N. A. Shearer. New York: Speech Communication 
Association, 1971. p. 99. 

Paivio, A. '.'Personality and Audience Influence." In Progress in Experitnoncal 
Personality Research . Ed. B. Maher. New York: Academic Press, 1965. 
pp. 127-173. 

Phillips, Gerald M. "A New Direction for the Speech Profession," In 

Language Behavior . Ed. JohnnyeAkin et al. The Hague: Mouton, 
1970. pp. 308-324. 

Porter, D. Thomas. "Communication Apprehension: Communication's Latest 
Artifact." In Communication Yearbook 3 . Ed, Dan Nimmo. New 
Brunswick, N.J.: International Communication Association, 1979. 
pp. 241-59. 

Scott, Michael D., Lawrence R. Wheeless, M. P. Yates, and F. L. Randolph. 
"The Effects of Communication Apprehension and Text Anxiety on 
Three Indicants of Achievement in Alternative Systems of Instruction: 
A Follow-Up Study." In Communication Yearbook I . Ed. B, D. 
Ruben. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction, Books, Inc., 1977- 



Bibliographies 

Daly, John A. "Communication Apprehension: A Preliminary Bibliography." 
May 1974. p. 18, 

Metzger, Nancy. "Helping the Reticent Student." 1976. Distributed by 
the Speech Communication Module, ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading 
and Communication Skills, 5105 Backlick Road, Annandale, VA 22003. 



BOOKS ** 
1969. 

Ellis, Albert. ^easonjn6_^!^^ ^^'^'^ Lyle-Stuart, 



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Fremouw, Wil'* am J. Client Manual for Integrated Behavioral Treatment 

of Speech Anxiety ♦ Morgantown: West Virginia University. Catalog 
of Selected Documents in Psychology, 7, February 1977* 

Girodo, Michael, Shy ? New York: Pocket Books, 1978. 

Glasser, William. Reality Therapy . New York: Harper and Row, 1965. 

Hayes, Daniel T. Coircnunication Apprehension Among JWCC Students; Comparison 
with National Norms for Four-Year College and University Students . 
Quincy, 111,: John Wood Community College, 12 December 1977, p. 8. 

Jacobson, Edmund « Progressive Relaxation , Chicago: University of Chicago 
Press, 1938. 

Johnson, Carl. Speech Reticence: Sounds and Silence . Fort Collins: 
Shields, 1973. 

Johnson^ D. Speech Reticence . Fort Collins, CO.: Shields, 1973. 

Kanfer, Frederick, and Arnold R. Goldstein. Hejjing People Change; A 
Textbook of Methods . New York; Pergamon, 1975. 

Langer, Ellen J., and Carol S. Dweck. Personal Politics; The Psychology 
of Making It . Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1973. 

Larson, C. Backlund, M. Redmond, and A, Barbour. Assessing functional 
Commun ic a t i on . Falls Church, VA.: Speech Communication, 1978. 
(Available from SCA f or $5.50) 

NOTE: Part II contains brief reviews of 90 instruments designed 
to generate information on some aspect of functional communication. 

McCroskey, James C. Quiet Children and the Classroom Teacher . Falls 
Church, VA: Speech Communication Association, 1977. 

Mager, Robert' F. Goal. Analysis . Belmont, CA.: Fearon, 1972. 

Marshall, W. L., and W. R. Andrews. A Manual for the Self-Management of 
Public Speaking Anxiety . Kingston, Ontario, Canada; Queen's 
University, n.d. 

Munger, Daniel I. A Decade of Stage Fright Research (1960-1969): A Synthesis . 
ERIC ED 099 934. 

Nieves, Luis. College Achievement Through Self-Help. A Planning and 

Guidance Manual for Minority Students . Princeton, N. J.; Education 
Testing Service, 1978. 

Paul, Gordon L. Insight vs . Pesensitization in Psychotherapy: An Experiment 
in. Anxiety Reduction . Stanford: Stanford Univeristy Pro^ss, 1966. 

Paul, James Marquis, and G. W. Morgan. A Guidebook for Systematic Descnsit izat ion 
Palo Alto: Palo Alto Veterans Administration, 1968. 



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McCroskey, James C, and Virginia Richmond. The Quiet Ones: Communication 
Apprehension and Shyness , Dubuque: Scarisbrick, 1980, 48-64, 

Pedersen, D. J. Report to the Alameda County School District and Title 
III, Area J. of Pennsylvania of the Incidence of Reticence in 
Their Respective School District . Alameda County: Pace Center, 
1968. 

Phillips, Gerald M., David E. Butt, and Nancy J. Metzger. Communication 
in Education: A Rhetoric of Schooling and Learning . New York: 
Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1974. 

Phillips, Gei^ald M., and J. Jerome Zolten. Structurin-g Messages . 
Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill , 1976. 

Phillips, Gerald M. et al. The Development of Oral Communication in the 
Classroom . Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merr ill , 1970. (See Chapter 7, 
"The Quiet and the Noisy Ones.") 

Powell, Barbara* Overcoming Shyness . New York: ♦ McGraw-Hill, 1979. 

Ross, Raymond S. et al. Speech Fright Problems of Grade School Students *. 
Detroit, Mich.: Wayne State University, September 19'66, 22 p. 

Ruescb, J. Therapeutic Communication . New York: W. W. Norton, 1961. 

Spielberger, Charles D., ed. Anxiety and Behavior . New York: Academic 
Press, 1966. 

Spielberger, Charles D., ed. Anxiety: Current Trends in Theory and 

Research . New York: Academic Press, 1972. 2 Vols. 

Watson, Arden. Handbook with Act'ivities for Confidence in Speaking . 
Bowling Green: Western Kentucky University, 1979. 

Wolpe, Joseph. Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition . Stanford: Stanford 
University Press, 1958. 

Wolpe, Joseph, and Arnold Lazarus. Behavior Therapy Techniques . New York: 
Pergamon Press, 1966. 

Zimbardo, Philip G. Shyness: Wiiat It Is, What To Do About It . Reading, 
Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1977. 

Periodicals 

Adler, Ronald B. "Integrating Reticence Management into the Basic Communication 
Curriculum." Communication Education , 29 (July 1980), 215-21. 

Akin, Clifford, and Glen G. Kunzman. "A Group Desensitization Approach to 
Public Speaking Anxiety." Canadian Counsellor , 8 (April 197^), 
106-111. 

Amato, P. P., and T. H. Ostermcier. "The Effects of Audience Feedback on the 
Beginning Public Speaker." Speech Teacher , V6' (1966), 56-60. 



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Anderron, Peter A., et al. "Singing Apprehension and Talking Apprehension: 
The Development of Two Constructs." Sign Language Stodies , 19 
(1978), 155-86. 

Argyle, Michael, Peter E. Trower, and Bridget M. Bryant. "Explorations 
in the Treatment of Personality Disorders and Neuroses by Social 
Skills Training." British Journal of Medical Psychology , 47 
(Part I, 1974), 63-72. 

Arnold, Bill R,, and Ross Parrott. "Job Interviewing: Stress-Management 
and Interpersonal-Skills Training for Welfare-Rehabilitation 
Clients." Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin , 22 (September 

1978) , 44-52. 

Axtell, Bryan, and Charles W. Cole. "Repression-Sensitization Mode and 

Verbal Avoidance." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 
18 (May 1971), 133-37. 

Baker, E. E. "An Experimental Study of Speech Distrubance for the Measure- 
ment of Stage Fright in the Basic Speech Course." Southern 
Speech Journal , 29 (1964), 232-243. 

Baldwin, H. John et al. "Communication Apprehension in the Pharmacy 

Student." American Journal of Pharmacutical Education, 43 (May 

1979) , 91-93. 

Bandura, Albert. "Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavior 
of Behavior Change." Psychological Review , 84 (1977), 191-215. 

Bandura, Albert, E. B. Blanchard, and B. Ritter. "The Relative Efficacy 

gf Desensitization and Modeling Approaches for Inducing Behavioral, 
Affective, and Atfitudinal Change." Journal of Personality and 
Social Psychology , 13 (1969), 173-99. 

Barker, L. L., D. J. Cegala, R. J. Kibler, and K. J. Wahlers, "Hypnosis 
and the Reduction of Speech Anxiety." Central States Speech 
Journal , 23 (1972), 28-35. 

Barrick, J. E. ,"A Cautionary Note on the Use of Systematic Desensitization." 
Speech Teacher , 20 (1971), 280-81. 

Barrow, John, and Judy Hayashi. "Shyness Clinic: A Social Development 

Program for Adolescents and Young Adults." Personnel and Guidance 
Journal, 59 (September 1980), 58-61. 

Bashore, D. N,, James C. McCroskey, and J. F. Andersen. "The Relationship 
Between^ Communication Apprehension and Academic Achievement among 
College Students." Human Communication Research, 3 (Fall 1976), 
73-81. 

Basset, Ronald et al. "Tl^e Effects on Positive and Negative Audience 

Respons(is on the Automatic Arousal of Student Speakers." Southern 
Speech Communication Journal , 38 (Spring 1973), 255-61. 

Bates, Henry D., Saundra F. Zimmerman. "Toward Iho Dovolonment of a 

Screening Scale for Assertive Training." Pf^yrhnl npi m 1 ftopoi;-fs j 
28 (February 1971), 99-107. 



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Baumeister, R. F., J. Cooper/, and B. Skib. "Interior Performance as a 

Selective Response to Efficacy: Taking a Dive to Make a Point." 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 37 (1979), 424-32. 

Beatty, Michael J., and P. J. Beatty. "Interpersonal Communication Anxiety." 
Theory into Practice , 15 (December 1976), 368-72. 

Beatty, Michael J., and Ralph R. Behnke. "An Assimilation Theory Per- 
spective of Communication Apprehension." Human Communication 
Research, 6 (Summer 1980), 319-25. 

Beatty, Michael J.^ Ralph R. Behnke, and Linda S, Henderson. " An Empirical 
Validation of the Receiver Apprehension Test as a Measure of Trait 
Listening Anxiety." Western Journal of Speech Communication , 44 
(Spring 1980), 132-36. 

Beatty, Michael J., Ralph R. Behnke, and Karin McCallum. "Situational 
Determinants of Communication Apprehension." C^ommunication 
Monographs , 45 (August i978), 186-91. 

Beatty, Michael J., Ron G. Springhorn, and Michael W. Kruger. "Toward 

the Development of Cognitively Experienced Speech Anxiety Scales." 
Central States Speech Journal , 27 (Fall 1976), 181-86. 

Becker, Joseph, and Paul Finkel. "Predictability and Anxiety in Speech 

by Parents of Female Schizophrenics." Journal of Abnormal Psychology , 
74 (1969), 517-23. 

Behnke, Ralph R., M. J. Beatty, and J. T. Kitchens. "Cognit ively- 

Experienced Speech Anxiety as a Predictor of Trembling." Western 
Journal of Speech Communication , 42 (1978), 270-75. 

Behnke, Ralph R., and Larry W. Carlile. "Heart Rate as an Index of Speech 
Aiixiety." Speech Monographs > 38 (March 1971), 65-69. 

Behnke, Ralph R., L. Carlile, and D. H. Lamb. "A Psychophysiological Study 
of State and Trait Anxiety in Public . Speaking." Central States 
S peech Journal. 25 (Winter 1974), 249-53. 

Bertram-Cox, J, D. "Relaxation: An Approach to Platform Poise." Speech 
Teacher , 14 (1965), 235-236. 

Blom, Bernhard E., and Edward W. Craighead. "The Effects of Situational 
and Instructional Demand on Indices of Speech Anxiety." Journal 
of Abnormal Psychology , 83 (December 1974), 667-74. 

Bode, D. L., and E. J. Bratten. "A Palmer Sweat Investigation of the Effect 
of Audience Variation Upon Stage Fright." Speech Monograph s, 30 
(1963)> 92-96. 

Bonner, M. R. "Changes in the Speech Pattern Under Emotional Tension." 
American Journal of Psychology , 56 (1943), 262-73. 

Borkovec, Tliomas D., Robert L. Wall, and Norman M. Stone. "False Physiological 
Feedback and the Maintenance of Speech Anxiety." Journal of 
O Abnormal Psychology , 83 (April 1974), 164-68. 



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Bormann, E. G., and G. Shapiro* "Perceived Confidence As a Function of 
Self Image/' Central States Speech Journal , 13 (1962), 253r56. 

Bornstein, M. R. , A. S. Bellack, and M, Hersen. "Social Skills Training 
for Unassertive Children: A Multiple-Baseline Analysis." 
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis , 10 (1977), 183-95* 

Brooks, W. D., and S. M. Platz. "The Effects of Speech Training upon 
Self-Concept as a Communicator." Speech Teacher , 17 (1968), 
44-49. 

Bruskin Associates. "What Are Americans Afiaid Of?" The Bruskin Report , 
No. 53 (1973). 

Buchanan, Edith A., and Deanna Stirling-Hanson. "Free Expression Through 

Movement." National Elementary Principal , 52 (October 1972), 46-51. 

Bugg, Charles A. "Systematic Desensitization: A Technique Worth Trying." 
Personnel & Guidance Journal , 50 (June 1972), 823-28. 

Burgoon, Judee K. "The Unwillingness to Communicate Scale: Develop- 
ment of Validation." Communication Monographs , 43 (March 1976), 
60-69. 

Burgoon, Judee K. "Unwillingness to Communicate as a Predictor of Small 
Group Discussion Behaviors and Evaluations." Central States 
Speech Journal , 28 (1977), 122-33. 

Burgoon, Judee K., and Michael Burgoon. "Unwillingness to Communicate, 
Anomia-alienation, and Communication Apprehension as Predictors 
of Small Group Communication." Journal of Psychology , 88 
(September 1974), 31-38. 

Bush, Janice, et al. "The Effect of Video-Tape Recorder on Levels of 

Anxiety, Exhibitionism, and Reticence." Speech Teacher , 2i (1972), 
127'-30. . ^ ^ 

Caldwell, A. Toy, Karen S. Calhoun, Lewis Humphreys, and Thomas Cheney. 

"Treatment of Socially Anxious Women by a Skills Training Program." 
Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry , 9 
(December 1978), 315-20. 

Calef, Ruth A., and G. Donald MacLean. "A Comparison of Reciprocal 

Inhibition and Reactive Inhibition Therapies in the Treatment 
of Speech Anxiety." Behavior Therapy , 1 (March 1970), 51-58. 

Carlile, Larry W., and Ralph R. Behnke. "A Retort to the Criticism of 

'Heart Rate' as an Index C Speech Anxiety." Speech Monographs , 
40 (1973), 160-64. 

Carlile, L., Ralph R. Behnke, and J. T. Kitchens. "A Psychological 

Pattern of Anxiety in Public Speaking." Communication Quarterly , 
25 (1977), 44-46. 

Cash, Thomas F., and Louis H. Jnnda. "Evaluation of Pertinent Sources of^ 
r Volunteer Bias in Behavior Therapy Research." Journal of Consultin g 

and Clinical Psychology , 45 (April 1977), 337-38. 



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Chenoweth, E. C. "The Adjustment of College Freshmen to the Speaking 
Situation." Quarterly Journal of Speech , 26 (1940) ,..585-88. 

Clark, Frank. "Self-Administered Desensitiration." Behavior and Research 
Therapy , 11 (August 1973), 335-38. 

Clark, Tony. "Identifying the Anxious Communicator." Florida Speech 
Communication Journal , 1 (1973)) 17-20. 

Clevenger, Theodore, Jr. "A Definition of Stage Fright." Central States 
Speech Journal , 7 (1955), 26-30. 

Clevinger, Theodore, Jr. "A Synthesis of Experimental Research in Stage 
Fright." Quarterly Journal of Speech , 45 (1959), 134-45. 

Clevenger, Theodore, Jr. "The Effect of a Physical Change in the Speech^ 

Situation Upon Experienced Stage Fright." Journal of Communication , 
9 (1959), 131-35. 

Clevinger, Theodore, Jr. and T. R. King. "A Factor Analysis of the Visible 
Symptoms of Stage Fright." Speech Monographs , 28 (1961), 298. 

Clevinger, Theodore Jr. and G. Phifer. "What Do Beginning College Speech 
Texts Say About Stage Fright." Speech Teacher , 8 (1959), 1-7. 

Cohen, Herman. "Teaching Reticent Students in a Required Course." 
Communication Education , 29 (July 1980), 222-28; 

Cole, C. W., E. R. Oetting, and G. Dinges. "Effects of Verbal Interaction 
Conditions on Self-Concept Discrimination and Anxiety." Journal 
of Counseling Psychology , 20 (September 1973), 431-36. 

Conville, Richard L. "Linguistic Nonimmediacy and Communicators' Anxiety." 
Psychological Reports , 35 (December 1974), 1107-114. 

Corno, Lyn. "A Hierarchial Analysis of Selected Naturally Occurring 
Aptitude-Treatment Interact ions in the Third Grade." American 
Educational Research Journal , 16 (Fall 1979), 391-409. 

Cradock, Carroll, Sheldon Cotler, and Leonard A. Jason^ "Primary Prevention: 
Immunization of Children for Speech Anxiety." Cognitive Therapy 
& Research , 2 (December 1978), 389-96. 

Crocker, William, et al. "Communication Apprehension and its Educational 
Implications: Some Initial Australian Data." Australian 
Journal of Education , 23 (October 1979), 262-69. 

Crowell, L., A. Katcher, and S. F. Miyamoto. "Self Concept of Communication 
Skill and Performance in Small Group Discussion." Speech 
Monographs , 22 (1955), 20-27. 

Daibo, Ikuo, and Yoshio Sugiyama. "The Effects of Manifest Anxiety on 
Several Aspects of Only One Talking in Dyadic Communication." 
Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology , 14 (June 1974), 
1-14. 

ER?C ' ,0 



Daibo, Ikuo, Yoshio Sugiyama, and Midori Akama. "The Process of 

Verbal Activity in Dyadic Communication and Manifest Anxiety." 

Japanese Journal oS Experimental Social Psychology , 13 
CDecember 1973), 86-98. 

Daly, John A, "Coinmunication Apprehension and Behavior: Applying 
a Multiple Act Criteria/* Human Communication Research , 4 
(Spring 1978), 208-16^ , ^ 

Daly, John A, "The Assessment of ' Soc ial-Communicative Anxiety Via 
Self-Reports: A Comparison of Measures," Communication 
Monographs , 45 (August 1978), 204-218. 

Daly, John A,, and James C. McCroskey. "Occupational Choice and Desirability 
as a Function of Communication Apprehension," Journal of 
Counseling Psychology , 22 (1975), 309-13. 

Daly, John A., James C. McCroskey, and Virginia P. Richmond. "The 

Relationships Between Vocal Activity and Perception ^of Communicators 
in Small Group Interaction." Western Speech Communication , 
41 (Summer 1977), 173-187. ^' ^ 

Daly, J. A., and M. D. Miller. "Apprehension of Writing as a Predictor 

of Message Intensity." Journal of Psychology , 89 (1975), 175-77. 

Davison, Gerald. "Systematic Desensitization as a Counter-Conditioning 
Process." Journal of Abnormal Psychology , 73 (1968), 91-99. 

Def fenbacher , Jerry L. "Hierarchies for Desensitization of Test and Speech 
Anxieties." Journal of College Student Personnel , 15 (November 
1974), 452-54. 

Def fenbacher , Jerry L., and Dennis M. Payne. "Relationship of Apprehension 

About Communication to Fear of Negative Evaluation and Asser tiveness . 
Psychological Reports , 42 (April 1978), 370. 

Def fenbacher , Jerry L., and Dennic M. Payne. "Two Procedures for Relaxation 
as Self-Control in the Treatment of Communication Apprehension." 
Journal of Counseling Psychology , 24 (May 1977), 255-58. 

Dickens, Milton, Francis Gibson, and Caleb Prall. "An Experimental Study 
of the Overt Manifestations of Stage Fright." Speech Monographs , 
17 (1950), 37-47. 

Dickens, Milton, and William R. Parker. "An Experimental Study of Certain 
Physiological, Introspective and Rating-Scale Techniques for the 
Measurement of Stage Fright." Speech Monographs , 18 (1951), 251^59. 

Droppleman, Leo F., and Douglas M. McNair. "An Experimental Analog of 

Public Speaking." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology , 
36 (February 1971), 91-96. 

Duncan, M. H. "An Experimental Study of Some of the Rplationships Between 

Voice and Personality Among Students of Speech." Speech Monographs > 
12 (1945), 47-73! 

11 



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Eckert, R. G., and tJ; Keys. "Public Speaking As' a Cue to Personality 

Adjustment." Journal of Applied Psychology , Ik (1940), 144-153. 

Eisler, R. M., M., Hersen, ' and P. M. Miller. "Effects of* Modeling on 

• Components of Assertive Behavior." Journal of Behavior Therapy 
and Experimental Psychiatry , 4 (1973), 1-6. 

t r 

Eisler, R. M;, M. Hersen, P. M. Miller, and E. Blanchard. "Situational * 
r Dieterminants of Assertive Behaviors/' Journal of Consulting and 

Clinical Psychology , 43 (1975), 330-40. 

Emery, J. R., and J, D. Krumboltz. "Standard Versus Individua A.zed 
Hierarchies in Desensitization to Reduce Test Anxiety." 
Journal of Counseling Psychology , 14 (1967), 204-209. 

Fawcett, S. B., and L.K. Miller. "Training Public Speaking Behavior: 
An Experimental Analysis and Social Validation." Journal of 
Applied Behavior Analysis , 8 (1975), 125-35. 

Fisher, Jeanne Y., and Dominic A. Infante. "The Relation Between Communication 
Anxiety and Human Motivation Variables." Central States Speech 
Journal, 24 (1973), 246-52. 

Fitzhugh, Zoe-Anne. "A Case Analysis of Process Level in Classroom 
Teaching." Continuing Education , 7 (1974), 4-5. 

Freimuth, Vicki S. "The Effects of Communication Apprehension on 

Communication Effectiveness." Human Commuhication Research , 
2 (Spring 1976), 289-98. 

Fremouw, William J., and M. G. Har latz. "A Helper Model for Behavioral 
Treatment of Speech Anxiety." Journal of Consulting and 
Clinical Psychology, 43 (1975), 652-60. 

Freir.ouw, William J., and Michael D. Scott. "Cognitive Restructuring: 
An Alternative Method for the Treatment of Communication 
Apprehension." Communication Education , 28 (May 1979), 129-33. 

Fremouw, William J., and Robert E. Zitter. "A Comparison of Skills 

Training and Cognitive Restructuring-Relaxation for the Treatment 
of Speech Anxiety." Behavior Therapy , 9 (March 1978), 248-59. 

Friedrich, Gustav W. "An Empirical *Expl ication of a Concept of Self- 
Reported Speech Anxiety." Speech Monographs , 37 (March 1970), 67-72.* 

Furbay, A. L., C. Hedges, and D. Markham. "A Listening Approach to Fundamentals 
of Speech." Speech Teacher , 15 (1966), 332-35. 

Furr, H. B. "Influences of a Course in Speech Communication on Certain 

Aspects of the Self Concept of College Freshmen." Speech Teacher , 
19 (1970), 26-31. 

Garrison, John P., and Karen R. Garrison. "Measurement of Oral Communication 
Apprehension among Children: A Factor in the Development of 
Basic Speech Skills." Communication Education , 28 (May 1979), 
119-28. 

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Gatchel, Robert J,, and Janet D, Proctor, **Ef f ect 'veness of Voluntary 
Heart R<ite Control in Reducing Speech Anxiety," Journal of 
Consuming & Clinical Psychology , 44 (June 1976), 381-89. 

Gatchel, Robert J, et alj,. "Comparative Effectiveness of Voluntary Heart 
Rate Control a..d Muscular Relaxation as Active Coping Skills for 
Reducing Speech Anxiety," Journal of Consulting & Clinical 
Psychology , 45 (December 1977), 1093-1100. 

Gatchel, Robert J,, et al, "Comparison of Heart Rate Biofeedback, False 
' Biofeedback, and Systematic Desensitization in. Reducing Speech 

Anxiety: Short-and Long-Term Effectiveness." Journal of Consulting 
& Clinical Psychology , 47 (June 1979), 620-22. 

Geen, Russell G. "Effects of Anticipation of Po-sitivo and Nogntivo 

Outcomes on Audience Anxiety." Journal of Counsulling & Clinical 
Psychology , 45 (August 1977) 715-16. 

Geer, J. H. "Effect of Fear Arousal Upon Task Performance and Verbal 

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i 

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ERJC 



9 



4 



-23- 



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I 



-25 ' 



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t 

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\ ' 

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-26- 



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"27- 



ERIC 



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— — » ^ 

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or 



9 



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Zemore, Robert.'* Systematic Desensitization as a Method of Teaching a 

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RESEARCH REPORTS 



Butler, Pamela E. "Assertive Training: Teaching Women Not to Discriminate 
'^Against Themselves." ERIC ED 082 103. 

Daly, John A., and Richard L. Street. ''Assessing Social-Communicative Anxiety: 
Equivalence, Social Desirability and Impression Management (Faking)." 
Research report. Department of Speech Communication, University of 
Texas, 1978. 

Giffin, Kim. "Interpersonal Trust and Speech Fright: A Preliminary Description 
of a Research Project." Research Monograph'FR/30.0 . L;iwrencc: 
Communication Research Center, University of Kansas, 1966. 

Giffin, Kim. ''Recent Research on Speech Anxiety." Research Monograph P/26. 

Lawrence: Communication Research Center, University of, Kansas, 1967. 

Giffin, Kim and Barbara Groginsky. "A Study of the Relationship Between Social 
Alienation and Speech Anxiety," Lawrence: Communication Research 
Center Report No. 31, University of Kansas, 1970. 

Giffin, K. , and K. Bradley. "Group Counseling^ for Speech Students , with Low 
Self Confidence: An Approach and a Rationale." Research Monograph 
P/16. Lawrence: Communication Research Center, University of Kansas, 



1967. 



Giffin, Kim, and G. Friedrich. 

Speech Anxiety . Research Report, No. 20. Lawrence: 
Research Center, University of Kansas, 1968. 



■J 



'T he Development of a baseline for Studies of 

Communiccition 




Giffin, K. , and M. Heider. "An Experimental Program of Instruction in the 

Fundamentals of Speech for Students with a High Degree of Speech 

Anxiety." Research Report No, 35. Lawrence: Communication Research 
Center, University of Kansas, iT70. 

Giffin, K. , and R. L. Adams. ''The Helping Relationship for Speech Anxiety 
Counsel ing . " Research Monograph P/20 . Lawrence : Coimnunica I ion 
Research Center, University of Kansas, 19o7. 

^ Giffin, Kim et al. "A Study of the Relationships Among Four Variables: Speech 
Anxiety, Self Concept, Social Alienation, and Trust of Others." 
Research. Report No. 24 . Lawrence: Communication Research Center, 
University of Kansas, 1970. 



30 



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ERIC 



Friedman, Paul. Shyness and Reticence in Students . West Haven, Conn.: 
National Education Association, 1977. ^an be ordered from the 
NEA Distribution Center, The Academic Building, Saw Mill Road, 
WeVt Haven, CT, 06516.) 

Neuman, Donald R. **Prof essional and Subprof essional Counselors Using Group 
Desensitization and Insight Procedures. Final Report. San Diego 
State College, California, 30 June 1969, 51 p. . 

Sherman, A. Robert et al. ^'Behavioral Self-Management' of Social-Effectiveness 
Skills: Assertion, and Involvement." Santa ^Barbara ; University of 
California, December 1977, 14 p.. 

C 

lAfheeless, L. R. Pilot Study: A Physiological Measure of Speech Fright in 

Elementary School Children . Project no. S-936-63; on file with the 
U.S. Office of Education, Washington, D.C., 1967. 



T APES 

Franks, Violet. "Relaxation Techniques for Women." Available from BMA 
Audio Casette Publications, Dept. P/200 Park Avenue South. New 
York, N.Y., 10003, $10.50. 

Goldfried, Marvin R. ''Behavioral Management of Anxiety: A Clinician's 

Guide." (1 of 2 tapes). New York: Biomonitor ing Application, 1976. 

Goldfried, Marvin R. "Self-Modification of Anxiety: Client Instructions." 
(1 of 2 tapej). New York: Biomonitor ing Applications, 19-76. 

McCroskey, James C. "Deep Muscular Relaxation." Annandale, Virg: Speech 
Communication A.«^sociation, 

Meijchenbaum, D. "Applications of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: An Overview." 
Available from BMA Audio Cassette Publications, Dept. P/200 Park 
Avenue South/New York, N.Y., 10003, $10.50. 

Rakos, Richard, and Harold E. Schroeder. "Self -Directed Assertiveness 

Training." Available from BMA Audio Cassette Publications, Dept. El/ 
200 Park Ave. South/New York, N.Y. 10003, 4 cassettes, workbook, 
and manual, $45.00. 

"Rational Emotive Self Help Techniques." Available from BMA Audio Cassettv? 

Publications, 200 Park Avenue South/Neu Vork, N.Y. 10003, $10.50. 

'•Relaxation Procedures.'.' Available from BMA Audio Cassette Publications, 
200 Park Avenue South/New York, N.Y. 10003, $10.50. 

"Shyness" Available from BMA Audio Cassette Publications, 200 Park Avenue 
South/New York, N.Y. 10003, $10.50. 

Wolfe, Janet. "Assertiveness Training for Women." Available from BMA Audio 
Cassette Publication, Dept. P/ 200 Park Avenue South/New York, N.Y. 
- 10003, $10'.50. . 

Zimbardo, Philip G. "Shyness Clinic." Available from BMA Audio Cassette 

Publication, Dept P/ 200 Jark Avenue South/New , York, N.Y., 10003> 
$10.50. 



-30- 



ERIC 



THESES ANH DTSSERTATIONS 

Adams, R. L. A Study of the Effects of a Gtoup Counseling Program on 

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Asher, Fred M. "The Ancillary Effects of Group Assertion Training on the 
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Baldwin, Sandra F. "Communication Anxiety and Personality." Diss. Florida 
State University 1976. 

0 

Bashore, D. N. "Relationships Among Speech Anxiety, IQ, ond High School 
Achievement." Thesis Illinois State University 1971. 

Beatty, Michael Joseph. "A Validacion Study of Cognitively Experienced 

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Bentson, Scott B. "Symbolic Modeling and the Effects of Relevant Observers- 
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Birney, Sherman. "Effects of Verbal Feedback on Concept Specific-Anxiety." 
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Blom, Bernhard E. "Nonspecific Determinants of Speech Anxiety: A Methodological 
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Blubaugh, J. A. "The Effects of Positive and Negative Feedback on Selected 
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Boman, Thomas Gerhard. "An Investigation of Selected Causes and Effects of 
Stress in a Communicator-Audience Situation." Diss. University of 
Minnesota 1966. 

Borin, L. H. "The Construction and Evaluation of a Group Procedure Designed 
to Raise the Confidence Levels of Beginning Students of Speech." 
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Bossert, George W. "The Relationship Between Expectation, Belief, and Anxiety 
in a Speaking Situation." Diss. University of Tennessee 1975. 

Bradley, K. "A Study of Self-Perceived Stage Fright: Its Relation to 

Previous Speaking Experience, A Course in Fundamentals, and Group 
Counseling as a Remedial Approach." Thesis University of Kansas, 1966. 

Busch, Robert A. "Facilitator's Presence and Locus of Control in the Short- 
Tetm Croup Desensitizat ion of Public Speaking Anxiety." Diss. 
University of Tennessee 1979. 

Cahn, Jr., Dudley Dean. "An Experiment Based on a Three Factor Emotion Theory 
of Stage Fright." Diss. Wayne State University 1980. 

32 



-31- 



Cardot, Joseph J. "Communication Apprehension as a Predictor of Proxemic 

Establishment, Self-Esteem, and Dogmatism.*' Thesis Western Kentucky 
University 1980. 

Casas, Jesus M. "A Comparison of Two Mediational Self-Control Techniques for 
the Treatment of Speech Anxiety.'* Diss. Stanford University 1976. 

Case, K. E. "An Investigation into the Backgrounds for the Study and Measurement 

of Personality in Speech Communication/' Diss. University of Denver 1948. 

Cassidy, Edward W. "The Influence of Behavior Rehearsal Techniques on Children's 
Communicative Behaviors." Diss. University of Maryland 1974. 

Clevenger, Jr., Theodore. "An Analysis of Variance of the Relationship 

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Diss. Florida State University 1958. 

Cole, L. E. "A Critical Evaluation of Methods of Controlling Stage Fright 
in the Classroom." Thesis Emerson College 1964. 

Cole, R. "Attitudes and Needs as Expressed by Various Groups of Oral Com- 
munication I Students'." Thesis Kansas State University 1959. 

Conaway, Roger N. "An Examination of the Relationship Among Assert iveness , 
Manifest Anxiety, and Self-Esteem. " Diss. Bowling Green State 
University 1978. 

Connely, Dwight W. "Some Effects of General Anxiety and Situational Stress 

upon Lexical Diversity, Speaking Rate, Speaking Time, and Evaluations 
of a Speaker." Diss. University of Iowa 1977. 

Cradock, Carroll A. "Behavioral Prophylaxis: A Test of Poser's Psychological 
Immunizatiou Hypothesis on Subjects Displaying Sub-Clinical Public 
Speaking Anxiety." Diss. DePaul University 1977. 

Craig, F. G. "A Study of .the Problem of Stage Fright." Thesis Sacramento 
State College 1955. 

Cunningham, Robert. "A Study of the Relationship Between Selected Student 

Variables and Speech Anxiety Encountered by Speakers in a Beginning 
College Speech Course." Diss. Memphis S^ate University 1976. 

Daly, John A. "The Effects of Differential Durations of Time on Interpersonal 
Judgements Based on Vocal Activity." Thesis West Virginia University 
1974. 

Davis, G. P. "Communication Apprehension, Intelligence, and Achievement 

among Secondary School Students." Thesis West Virginia University 
1977. 

Denny, D. A. "A Study of the Causes and Effects of Microphone Fright." 
Thesis University of Tulsa 1951. 

Domenig, Kathleen M. "Comparison of *Self as Communicator' Papers as 

Evidence of Improvement in Reticent Speakers." Thesis Pennsylvania 
State University 1977. 

ERIC 33 



-32- 



Douglass, R. L. *'The Relation of Feelings of Personal Security to Effective 
Public Speaking," Thesis University of Redlands 1947. 

Dymacek, D. A. ^'Effects of Number of Classroom Speeches on Anxiety Reduction 
and Performance Improvement." Thesis Illinois State University 
1970. 

Elliott, D. H, "The Use of Teacher Administered Systematic Desensi t izat ion 
in Reducing Speech Fright.*' Diss. Stanford University 1970. 

Emery, Richard M. "An Evaluation of Attitudes of Fear and Confidence in 
Speaking Situations at the Eigth and Eleventh Grade Levels." 
Thesis Boston University 1950. 

English, Donna D. "Comparison of Induced Affect and Systematic Desensi tization 
Therapies for Reduction of Public Speaking Anxiety," Diss. Purdue 
University 1978. 

Ertle, Charles D. "A Study of the Effect of Homogeneous Grouping on Systematic 
Desensitization for the Reduction of Interpersonal Communication 
Apprehension." Diss. Michigan State University 1969. 

Fedoravicius, Algirdas S. "Self-Instructional and Relaxation Variables in the 
Systematic Desensitization Treatment of Speech Anxiety," Diss. 
University of Waterloo Ontario 1972. 

Fenton, Raymond Joseph. "The Effect of Communication Inhibition on Small 
Group Interaction." Diss. Washington State University 1975. 

Finger, V. "Study of a Complex Space-Time Pattern and Its Relation to Stage 
Fright." Thesis Northwestern University 1932. 

Finkel, Norman J. "The Effects of Internal and External Feedback on Speech 
Fluency." Diss. University of Rochester 1972. 

Fox, Patricia. "A Rationale for the Use of an Automated Program of Desensitization 
in the Treatment of Speech Reticence." Thesis Pennsylvania State 
University 1971. 

Freimuth, Vicki S. "The Effects of Communication Apprehension on Communication 
Effectiveness." .Diss, Florida State University 1974. 

Fremouw, William J. "The Effect of a Helper Role on Speech Anxiety." Diss. 
University of Massachusetts 1975. 

Friedman, Steven. "A Laboratory Study of Rational-Emotive Therapy as an Attitude- 
Change Process." Diss. State University of New York — Stony Brook 1978. 

Frye, Paul A, "Apprehensiveness and Performance in Public Speaking." Diss. 
University of Denver 1979. 

Galassi, Merna D. "Effect of Role Playing Variations on Assessing Assertive 
Behavior." ^ Diss. West Virginia University 1975. 

Garrett, E. R. "A Study of the Effect of Three Classroom Orientations Upon 

Stagefright in Beginning College Speakers'." Diss. University of Denver 
195A. 

OA 



Garrison, Karen R. '*The Effect of Cognitive Modification on Communication 
Apprehension in Children." Thesis University of Nebraska 1978. 



Gibson, Francis P. "An Experimental Study of the Measurement of Auditory 
Manifestations of Stage Fright by Means of Rating Scale and Film 
Sound Track Techniques." Diss. University of Southern California 
1954. 

Germer, William A. "Effectiveness of Cognitive Modification, Desens it izat ion , 
and Racional-Emotive Therapy in the Treatment of Speech Anxiety." 
Diss. University of Texas — Austin 1975. 

Gilhara, S. M. "A Correlational Study of Speaker Self-Confidence and Motivation." 
Thesis University of Kansas 1968. 

Glogower, Frederic D. "A Component Analysis of Cognitive Kc»structiir inj; as 
Applied to the Reduction of Communication Apprehension." Diss, 
West Virginia 1977. 

Grande, Joseph P. "The Substitution of Alpha-Feedback for Relaxation in the 
Systematic Desensit ization Treatment of Public Speaking Anxiety J' 
Diss. Arizona State University 1976. 

Grande, Lois M. "A Comparison of Rational -Emotive Therapy, Attention-Placebo 
and No-Treatment Groups in the Reduction of Interpersonal Anxiety." 
Diss. Arizona State University 1975. 

Gr^enleaf, Floyd. "An Experimental Study of Social Speech Fright." Thesis 
University of Iowa 1947. 

Grutzeck, Lynne F. "A Search for Invariant Characteristics of Reticent Elementary 
School Children." Thesis Pennsylvania State University 1970. 

Gurstelle, Emile B. "Reducing Anxiety in Inter-racial Situations Through 
Systematic Desensitization: A Group Approach." Diss. Hofstra 
University 1974. 

Habbick./Robert W. '*An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Group Posthypnotic 
Suggestion and Group Discussion in Changing Manifest Anxiety, Academic 

^ ^ Achievement, and Perception of Self." Diss. Syracuse University 

1969. 

Hamilton, Paul R. "The Effect of Risk Proneness on Small Group Interaction, 
Communication Apprehension, and Self-Disclosure." Thesis Illinois 
State University 1972. 

Heider, M. L. "An Investigation of the Relationship Between Speech Anxiety 

in Adults and Their Indication of Parental Communication Suppression 
During Childhood." Thesis University of Kansas 1968. 

Henning, J. H. "A Study of Stage Fright Through the Comparison of Student 

Reactions and Instructor Observations During the Speed Situation." 
Thesis Northwestern University 1935. 

Heston, J. K. "Unwillingness to Communicate and Conflict as Predictors of 
Information Processing Behaviors." Diss. West Virginia University 
1974. 



-34- 



Hoffman, Robert W. ''The Relative Effectiveness of Thiee Types of Group 
Assertive Training/' Diss. University of Texas—Austin 1974. 

Holtzman, Paul D. ''An Experimental Study of Some Relationships Among Several 
Indices of Stage Fright and Personality." Diss. University of 
Southern California 1950, 

Houlihan, Kevin A. "The treatment of Public Speaking Anxiety by Verbal Learning 
Therapy," Diss, Northwestern University 1970, 

Huntley, J. R, "An Investigation of the Relationships Between Personality 

and Types of Instructor Criticism in the Beginning Speech-Communication 
Courses." Diss. Michigan State University 1969. 

Illig, David. "Treatment of Speech Anxiety through the Use of a Sol f-Adininistered 
Modified Systematic Desensitization Program." Thesis PouusyIvnni;i 
State University 1974. 

Iverson, N. E. "A Descriptive Study of Some Personality Relationships 

Underlying a Range of Speaker Confidence as Determined by the Thematic 
Apperception Test." Diss. University of Denver 1952. 

Jarmon, David G. "Differential Effectiveness of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 
Bibliotherapy , and Attention-Placebo in the Treatment of Speech 
Anxiety." Diss. Southern Illinois University 1973. 

Jensen, Jon Keith. "An Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Speech 
Anxiety on the Perception of Audience Feedback." Diss. University 
of Iowa 1973. 

Jones, M. M. "The Relationships of Certain Personality Traits to Stage Fright." 
Thesis Stanford University 1947. 

Katz, Alan Marvin. "The Rationale, Nature, and Evaluation of a Group-Centered 
Approach to the Treatment of Speech Anxiety.** Diss. University of 
Illinois at Urbana-Champa ign 1976. 

King, T. R. "An Experiment to Determine the Relationship Between Individual 

Visible Manifestations of Stage Fright and the Degree of Stage Fright 
Reported by the Individual." Thesis Florida State University 1958. 

Kinsley, W. A. "An Investigation of the Phenomenon of Stage Frigiit in Certain 
Prominent Speakers." Diss. Northwestern University 1950. 

Kleinsasser, Dennis. "The Reduction of Performance Anxiety as a Function of 

Desensitizalion, Pretherapy Vicarious Learning and Vicarious Learning 
Alone." Thesis Pennsylvania State University 1960. 

Kordinak, Stanley. "The Relationship Between Cognitive Rehearsal and the 
Reduction of Measured Anxiety in College Students." Diss. Texas 
A & M 1974. 

Laemmle, Paul E. "i\ Physiological Investigation of Desensitization Therapy 

with Public Speaking Anxiety." Diss. Michigan State University 1969. 



-35- 



La Greca, Annette M. ''Teaching Children How to Interact with Peers; 

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Social-Skills Training with Low 
Accepted Elementary School Children/' Diss. Purdue University 



1978. 



Lamb, Douglas H. "The Effects on Public Speaking of Self-Report, Physiological, 
and Behavioral Measures of Anxiety." Diss. Florida State University 



Lima, Paul P. "A Comparison of Induced Anxiety and Flooding in the Modification 
of Speech Anxiety.'' Diss. University of Georgia 1975. 

Lindquist, Douglas S. "Videotape Feedback and Self-Regulatory Processes in 

the Modification of Classroom Spe ^ Anxiety and Classroom Discussion 
Behavior." Diss. Miami University Ohio 1975." 

Little, Jacqueline M. "The Relative Contribution of Thought Stopping and 

Covert Assertion in the Treatment of Speech Anxiety," Diss. University 
of Maryland 1977. 

Lomas, Charles. "A Study of Stage Fright as Measured by Student Reactions." 
Thesis North Western University 193A. 

Low, Gordon. "The Relation of Psychometric Factors to Stage Fright." Thesis 
University of Utah 1950. 

Lustig, Myron W. "The Relationship Between Verbal Reticence nnd Verbal Interaction 
in Triads." Diss. University of Wisconsin-Madison 1977. 

Lynd, Robert S. "Anxiety Relief, Progressive Muscle Relaxation, and Expectancy 
Relaxation in the Treatment of Speech Phobia." Diss, North Texas 
State University 1976. 

McSweeney, Austin J. "Imagery as a Variable in the Efficacy of Systematic 
Desensitization." Diss. Northern Illinois University 1976. 

^aiuro, Roland D. "The Effects .of Self Versus Externally Attributed Behavior 
Change in the Treatment of Speech Anxiety: Outcome, Maintenance, 
and Generalization." Diss. Washington University St. Louis 1978. 

Matthews, Bonnie II." "The Recognition and Control of Nonverbal Signs of Speech 
Anxiety in Communication." Diss. Ohio State University 1978. 

Metzger, Nancy J. "The Effects of a Rhetorical Method of Instruction on a 

Selected Population of Reticent Students." Diss. Pennsylvania State 
University 19"'4. 

Mimms, L. "A Study of the Relations of Dominance-Submission to Speech 
Participation." Thesis University of Denver" 1939 . 

Moore, D. L. "The Effects of Systematic Desensitization on Communication 

Apprehension in an Aged Population." Thesis Illinois State University 



1970. 



1972. 



Moore, 



Meredith Ann. "Language Correlates of Communication Apprehension. 
Diss. Purdue University 1972. 



M 



ERIC 



37 



MDrgan, John M. "Self-Modeling Versus Other-Modeling Versus Practice in the 
Reduction of Public Speaking Anxiety." D?.ss. University of Arizona 
1970. 

Muehleman, Jacob T. "The Effects of Cognitive Rehearsal and Cognitive Reappraisal 
on Fearful Behavior." Diss. Southern Illinois University 1972. 

Muir, Francis L. "Case Studies of Selected Examples of Reticence and Fluency." 
Thesis Washington State University 1964. 

Hy^lar, James L. "Prediction and Comparison of Outcome in Systematic Desensitiza- 
tion and Implosion." Diss. Puller Theological Seminary 1972. 

Nelson, C* D* "The Problem of Stage Fright as Related to Family and School 
Adjustment in Clinical Autobiographies." Thesis University of Utah 
1965. 

Nichols, Jack G. "An Investigation of the Effects of Varied Rates of Training 

on Systematic Desensitization for Interpersonal Communication Apprehen- 
sion." .Diss. Michigan State University 1969. 

Nicoletti, John A. "Anxiety h^nagement Training." Diss. Colorado State Uni- 
versity 1973. , 

Nida, Richard A. "The Double Bind Theory of Communication as it Relates to 
Communication Apprehension and Associated Personality Development." 
Diss. Ohio University 1977. 

Nieves, Luis. "A Bibliotherapy Self-Control Program for the Problems of Minority 
College Students." Diss. Rutgers University 1978. 

Norman, William H. "The Efficacy of Self-Instructional Training in the Treatment 
of Speech Anxiety." Diss. Pennsylvania" State University 1975. 

O'Connor, M* C. "Nervousness in Public Speaking." Thesis Cornell University 
1937. 

Oerkvitz, Susan K. "Reports of Continuing Effects of Instruction in a Specially 
Designed Speech Course for Reticent Students." Thesis Pennsylvania 
State University 1975. 

Page, William T. "The Development of a Test to Measure Anticipated Communicative 
Anxiety." Diss. University of Illinois 1970. 

Paivio, Allan. "A Study of Stage Fright." Thesis McGill University 1957^ 

Paivio, Allan. "Child Rearing Antecedents of Audience Sensitivity." Diss^ 
McGill University 1959. 

Park, I^youngsoo. *T?esensitization Phenomenon in Modified Systematic Desensit- 
ization." Diss. Washington State University 1971. 

Park, Teriy P. "Covert Positive Reinforcement: Contribution of the Reinforcing 
Stimul\is in Reducing Public Speaking Anxiety*" Diss. University of South 
Dakota 1979. 

Patton, R* "An Experimental Study of the Effects of the Beginning Speech Course 
at the University of Kansas on Student Attitudes and Abilities." Diss. 
University of Kansas 1966. oc 



-37- 



Paulson, F. "Changes in Confidence During a Period of Speech Training: 
Transfer of Training and Comparison of Improved and Non-Improved 
Groups on the Bell Adjustment Inventory." Thesis University of 
Minnesota 1949* 

Pearson, A, "The Diagnostic Manifestations of Stage Fright." Thesis Uni- 
versity of Denver 1951. 

Peters, Ruth A. "The Effects of Anxiety, Curiosity, and Instructor Threat on 
Student Verbal Behavior in the College Qassroom." Diss. University 
of South Florida 1976. 

Petrucci, Ralph J. "An Investigation of a Support Group Technique Designed 
to lower Interpersonal Anxiety and Improve $elf-Concept for Medical 
Students." Diss. Temple University 1978. 

Phelps, Ann T. "Development and Evaluation of an Instmactional Counseling 
Procedure for the Treatment of Reticence." Mss. University of 
California Los Angeles 1979. 

Pilkonis, F^ul A. "Shyness: Public Behavior and Private Experience." Diss. 
Stanford University 1977. 

Porter, David Thomas. "A Multivariate Analysis of the Effects of Cornnunication 
Apprehension Upon Language Behavior." Diss. Florida State University 
1974. 

Potter, Ellen F. "Correlates of Oral Participation in Classrooms." Diss. 
University of Chicago 1975. 

Prall, C* W, "An Experimental Study of the Measurement of Certain Aspects of 
Stage Fright by Means of .Rating Scale and Motion Picture Techniques." 
Diss. University of Southern California 1950. 

Quiggins, James G. "A Multi-Dimensional Conceptualization and Measurement of 
Communication Anxiety." Diss. University of Kansas 1977. 

Quiggins, James G. '^fects of High and Low Comm\inication Apprehension on 

Small Group Member Source Credibility and Interpersonal Attraction." 
Thesis Illinois State University 1972. 

Randolph, F. L, "The Relationship Between Family Configuration and the De- 
velopment of Oral Communication Apprehension." Thesis West Virginia 
University 1977* ' 

♦ 

Redding, C, "The Psychogalvanometer as a Laboratory Instrument in the Basic 
Course in Speech." Thesis University of Denver 1936. 

Richter, Ifartin 0. "Systematic Desensitization of Social Anxiety in Jxinior 
College Students*"' Diss. University of Pennsylvania 1975. 

Rihani, Sulaiman T. "The Comparative Effects of Implosive Therapy and Systematic 
Desensitization upon Counselor Trainees' Anxiety and Ability to Communicate 
Emotions." Diss. Michigan State University 1973. 



ERIC 



39 



Rowe, Harold^ F. "A Comparative Stvdy of Stage Fright as Evidenced by Svibjective 
Reports Among Speech, Music, and Physical Education Students." Thesis 
University of Redlands 1951* 

Rtisse3J., Richard K. "The Use of Systematic Desensitization and Conditioned 
Relaxation in the Treatment of Public Speaking Anxiety." Diss. Uni- 
versity of Illinois Urbana-Ghampaign 1973 • 

I^an, G. F. 'TPreliminary Studies for an Experiment in the Psychodramatic Treat- 
rcent of Stage Fright." Thesis University of Wisconsin 19hB. 

Saidel, Madelaine K. '^Iffects of False Feedback and Relaxation on an Experimental 
Ar^alogue of Public Speaking Anxiety." Diss. University of Rochester 1976. 

Sanders, Bruce D. "Behavior Rehearsal and Ima^nal Desensitization in Reducing 
Public Speaking Anxiety." Diss. Stanford University 1968. 

Schleifer, Lawrence "The Effectiveness of Group Administered Cue- Controlled 
Relaxation in the Reduction of Public Speaking Anxiety." Diss. State 
University of New York — ^Albany 1978. 

SchmulowitZj* Jay S. "Effectiveness of Group Counseling as a Function of State/ 
Trait Anxiety in Reducing Problematic Speech in Children." Diss. Hofstra 
. University 1976. 

Schwalb, G, "Police-Specific Communication Training: A Practice Approach to 
Family Crj.sis Mediation." Diss. University of Califomia-Los Angeles 
1976. 

Shaw, I. "Speech Fright in the Elementary School: Its Relationship to Speech 
Ability and Its Possible Implications for Speech Readiness." Diss. 
Wayne State University 1966. 

Sheahan, M. E. "Communication Apprehension and Electoral Participation." Thesis 
West Virginia University 1976. 

Sheehan, A. M. "The Effects of Systematic Desensitization and Communication 

Exposure on Speech Anxious Students." Thesis Illinois State University 
1971. 

Shepherd, J. R. "An Experimental Study" of the Responses of Stage Frightened 
Students to Certain Scoring Categories of the Group Rorschach Test." 
Diss. University of Southern California 1952. 

Shulman, E. * "A Study of Certain Factors Influencing the Variability of Stuttering." 
Diss. University of Iowa 1944* 

Sorensen, G. A, "The Use of Personality Traits and" Communication Apprehension 
in Predicting Interaction ^Behavior in Snail Groups." Thesis Illinois 
State University 1972. 

Sours, David. "Comparison of Direct Inter/iew and Instructor Diagnosis in 
Reticence." Thesis Pennsylvania State University 1979- 

Speck, Linda C. "Instrjctional Sets and Treatment Credibility as Influences on 
Analogue Speech Anxiety." Diss. University of Connecticut 1977* 

ERIC . 40 



-39-, 



^ Steward, "Larry A, "Attitudes Toward Conununication:^ 'Tbe Content Analysis of " 

^ Interviews with Eight Reticent and Eight Non-R6ticent College Students." 
Diss. Pennsylvania State University 1968. ' * ' , 

StraatmeVer, Alvin J. "ISie Effectiveness of Raiional-Snotive Therapy in the^ . 
Reduction, of Speech Anxiety.'' Diss.' University of South Dakota 1974. 

Strahan, Robert F. "A St\icly of Speech Anxiety. " Diss. tJniversity of Minnesota 
1968. • . . • 

Talent, Barbara K. "Differential Effects of ^^tematic Desensitization and 
^ Cognitive Modification 'on Subjects with Two Kinds of Speech Anxiety." 
Diss. Washington Universi1>y 1979. 

Trier, Christine S. "Effectiveness of Two Versions of Rational Restructuring in 
Reducing Speech Anxie+-»y," Diss.' State University of New York—Stony 
Brook 1975* '\ • , 

xVussell, Richard P.,' "Speech, Anxiety Reduction: Program Development and Evaluation. 
Diss. University of Utah 1977* 

Tucker, Ann J, "The Effects oT Audience Size or delf-Report and Behavioral 
IfeasTires of Anxiety of I&le and Feirale Students* in a Public Speaking 
Class." Diss. Florida State University 1971. 

Waggener, J- 0* ."A Comparative Galvan'omeric Study* of the Behavior of Inferior 
ard S\\rjerior Speakers," Tnesis Uiiiversity of Denver 1934. 

Wallace, C. S. "A Sur^''ey of the Speach of Children in the Sixth Grade of 
Englewood, Colorado Schools." ' Thesis^ University of Denver 1943. 

Warren, Lee R. "An Evaluation 'of* Rational-Emotive Iffiagery as a Component ol 

Anxiety in Junior High School Students." Diss. University of . Oregon 1979. 

Weingarten, Charles J. "I^stematic Desensitization vs. Accdlerated mss - 

Desensitization vrith Speech Anxious Subjects." Diss. Purdue University 1973. 

Weissberg, Michael. "Direct and Vicarious Treatment of Speech Anxiety: Desen- 
sitization, Desensitization with Coping imagery, and Cognitive Modification." 
Diss. iJniversTty of Texas^Austin 1975. • ' 

Wells, J, "A Study of the Effects of Systematic Desensitization on the Communica- 
tive Anxiety of Individuals in Small Groups." Thesris San Jose State 
College 1970. , ^ 

Wilkinson, E* R* "A Study of 'Disintegrating Background Factors in the Development 
of Effective Speech Participation." Thesis University of Denver 1938. 

Williams, N. "An Investigation of Ifalacfjustment ,to a Speaking Situation 

Shown by Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Grade Students in. a Secondary 
School." Thesis University Iowa 1950. 

Wilson, Barbara J. "Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Communication Pi^oblems 
in the Classroom" Thesis Pennsylvania State University 1969. 

Wittemaii, H# R* "The Relationship of Communication Apprehension to Opinion 
^ Leadership and Innovativeness." Thesis West Virginia University 1976. 

ERIC > 41 



Woy', John R. ''Effects of Expectation on ths Outcome of Systematic Desensitization. 
Diss. University of Rochester 1971* 

Wrenchly, £• D* 0* "A Study of Stage Fright Attacks in a Selected Group of Speak- 
ers." Thesis University of Denver 19AS. 

Young, Stephen Lee. "An Escperijnental Investigation of the Effects of Positive 
and Negative Reinforcement on Students vdth Different Levels of Self- 
Confidence as a Conminicator/' Diss* Purdue University 1974. 

Zimmerman, Gary W. "Augmented ^Systematic Desensitization Versus Systeiratic 
Desensitization for Reduction of Speech Anxiety." Diss. Washington 
State University 1974. 



UNPUBLISHED PAPERS 

Andersen, P* A., and G. W* Singleton. "The Relationship Between Body lype and 
Communication-Avoidance." Paper presented at the Eastern Communication 
Association convention, Boston, Wavch 1978. 

Andersen, Janis F. "The Relationship Among Interpersonal Smiling, Communication 

Apprehension, and Verbal Output in Children, Grades 1-5." Paper presented 
at the Eastern Communication Association convention, Philadelphia, 1979» 

Altel*, Jason, et al. ' *T)ata on the Oral Communication Practices of the Chinese." 
Paper presented at the Communication Association of the Pacific — Japan 
- , Conference, June 14-15, 1980, Kobe, Japan. 

Anderson, Ruth. "A Cirrriculum for the Reticent Minority University Student." 
Presented to the Southern Speech Association convention, Birmingham, 
Alabama. 

Baade,^ Roberta C. "A Study of the Effects of Metaphoric Thinking on Communication 
Apprehension and Ideation Output in Small Groups." Paper presented 
at the Western Speech Communication Association convention, San Jose, 
February 1981. 

Barker, -Larry L., e." al. "Hypnosis and the Reduction of Speech Anxiety." Paper 
presented at the Speech Communicati6n Association convention. New Orleans, 
' ' Tocember 19'/,0. 

Barnes, Richard E. "(!5ommunication Anxiety: A Psychotherapeutic Perspective." 

Paper presented at the International Communication Association convention, 
Berlin, May 29-^rune 4, 1977. - ^ 

Barnes, Richard E^i "Interpersonal Conmmication Approaches to Reducing Speech 
Anxiety." Paper presented at the Central States Speech Association 
convention, Chicago, 1976. 

Barnes, Richard- E. and Kim Giffin. "Negative Self-Image in Relation to Balance 
Thv^ory." Paper presented at the International Comminication Association 
convention, Montreal, Quebec, 197^ • 



-41- 




Barrick, James E., James C. McCroskey, and ^^^^ ^f^ef 
Systematic Desensitization on Speech and Test Anxiety. raper 
pr-esented at the Speech Association of America convention, Q-acago, 
December 30, 1968. 

Biglan, Anthony, Susan R. GLaser, and Michael G. Dow. "Conversational^ Skills 

Training foi^ Social Anxiety: An Evaluation of Its Validity. 

Paper presented at the Speech Communication Acr.oco^tion convention, 

San Antonio, Texas, November 1979. 
r,-. V u T^J k Wallarp R Mav. "Measurement of Communication Anxiety: 

Blubaugh, W., ^^iXirl^ensl^l'con^^^^ ^aper prese^ed at 

the Speech Communication Association convention, Houston, Texas, 

December 1975. 

T V "TparhPr Strategies for Coping with Communication Apprehension. " 
Burgoon, J.^K. ^Teacher f^-^^eg-^^^, CoiSdcation Association Convention, 

Houston, December 1975 • 

~ ^;,^;.;rssfi'°BeS='^ ^^^^ 

Communication Association convention, Chicago, IV/^. 

, J T u n^++r,^>. "ThP Effect of the Video-tape Recorder on Levels 

J's^aKa; L?C— LSran". Heticence." Japar presented at 
Speech Communication Association convention. New Orleans, 197U. 

Cambra, Ronald E., and Donald W. Klopf. "Commumcation ^PP^.^^ension among 

Twaiian^." Presented at the Communication Association of the Facilic, 
Honolulu, July/August 1979. 

P u flnH Phoebe Hollis. "Rhetorical Sensitivity, Assertiveness and 

SS^S?i^ ApprehSi^n: Issues and Affects in a Basic Interpersonal 
S^h!'- ?ape? presented at the Speech Communication Association 
convention. New York City, November 1980. 

r n T L L Barke-. R. J. Kibler, and K. Wahlerc. "Hypnosis and Reduction 

Vspee^h lx^ety'." ^aper presented at the Speech Communication Assoc- . 
iation convention, New Orleans, 1970. 

University of Texas, 1967. 

n;, E A "Fear and Anxiety in Verbal and Graphic Forms of Eicpression." 

kper presented at the 7th International Congress of Psychotherapy, 
- Wiesbaden, 1967. 

^e^lZi Communication Association convention, Chicago, April 
■ 25-29, 1978. 

1975. . 

43 



Dalv John A. "The Development of Social-Communicative Anxiety." Paper presented 
Daly, Jol^^A-^^ International Conmunication Association convention, Berlin, 

1977. 

Dalv John A., and Gustav W. Friedrich. "The Development of Conmunication 

App;;hension: A Retrospective Analysis of some Contributoxr Correlates. 
Paper presented at the Speech Communication Association convention, 
Minneapolis, November 1978. 

Dalv John A., and Gustav W. Friedrich. "The Prediction of Long-Term Changes in 
CoL^nication Apprehension in the Communication Qassroom " Paper 
presented at the Speech Communication Association convention, Wash- 
ington, D. C, December l-4> 1977. 

Daly, John A., and Steve Leth. "Conmunication Apprehension and the 

Selection Decision." Paper presented to ^he International Communication 
Association convention, Portland, Oregon, 1976. 

T^v,., A «ltPVP Leth. and Virginia P. Riohmon-.i. "Communication Apprehension 
"""Id'sufce:: S*Jha 1 A^licni Screens^ Process." Paper presented 
to the Internationa:. Communication Association convention, Berlin, XVCC 

Daly, John A., and James C. McCroskey. ''^^^^l^^^^^^^ 

as a Function of Connunicaticn Appj'ehension. " Paper presented at the 
International Coitmu^J cation Association convention, Chicago, IV 

Daly, John A., Jame^ C. McCroEV-.y, and Virgima P. Richmond. "The Relatic^ 
Daly, "Jo^^- ^^^^ Activity and Perception of Communicators in Small 

Group Interaction." Papei presented to the Speech Communication 

Association convention, unicago, 1974. 

Danielson, Gwenn M. "Student Needs Assessment: Testing for Verbal Reticence." 
Danielson^^Gwenn^M.^^^^^ at the Western Speech Communication Association cor>- 

ven+ion, Seattle, Washington, November 23-26, 1975* 

Davev, W. G. "Communication Perforrr-ance and Reticence: A Diagnostic Case Study 
" in the Elementary Classroom." Paper presented at Western Speech 
Conmunication Association convention, Seattle, Washington, 1975- 

Dow. M. "Conversational Skills Coding Manual." Unpublished manuscript, Univer- 
sity of Oregon, 1978. 

•n,n.= opW D A "Effects of Number of Classroom Speeches on Anxiety Reduction and 
^^rf^rmaSe Sprovement." Paper .presented to the Speech Communication 
Association conventiun. San Francisco, 1971. 

1? + V, p T Anrt T S HoDf. "Some Effects of Communication Inhibition on 
\„ il G;oup;:'-I^rti;ipation, Member Satisfaction, P-ceived Effa> 
tLveness, Credibility, and Leadership." Paper presented to the Speech 
Communication Associat: on convention, San Francisco, 197^. 

P X T? T T c HoDf and D. Beck. "The Use of EMG Biofeedback Assisted 
Fenton, ^^J- J-^^-.J^gl^^J.^Le Communication Apprehension. " Fapor 

p7e^nted to tSlestem Speech Communication Association convention, 

Seattle, 1975. 



-43- 



Fremouw, William J., and R. E. Zitter. "A Comparison of Skills Training and 

Cognitive Restructuring-Relaxation for the Treatment of Speech Anxiety. 
Unpublished monograph, Department of Psychology, West Virginia Univeiv- 
sity, 1976. 

Friedrich, Gustav. "The PRCS as a Measure of Self-Reported Speech Anxiety: 
An Empirical Explication of a Construct." Presented at the Speech 
Association of America convention, 1969. 

Gadke, Laura. "An Examination of the Relationship Among Performance, Speech 

Anxiety, and Grades: Three Field Experiments." Presented to the Western 
Speech Communication Association convention, San Jose, California, 
February, 1981. 

Garrison, John P., and Karen Garrison. "Communication Apprehension and Elementary 
School Children." Paper presented at the Nebraska Speech Association 
convention, Omaha, Nebraska, 1977. 

Garrison, Karen R. "Analyzing the Development, Treatment, and Effects of Com- 
munication Apprehension: Five Perspectives." Paper presented at the 
International Communication Association convention, Philadelphia, 
May 1979. 

Garrison, Karen R. , and Robert D. Brovm. "The Effects of Cognitive Modification 
and Informed Teachers on Coninunication Apprehension in Children. 
Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association 
convention, San Francisco, April, 1979. 




Garrison, Karen R., and John P\ Garrison. "Elementary Teachers Perceptions of 
Communication Apprehension among their Students: A Research Note. 
Paper presented at the International Communication Association con- 
vention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ifey 1-5, 1979. 

Garrison, Karen R. , and John P. Garrison. "Measurement of Communication Appre- 
hension Among Children." Paper presented at the International Congress 
on Communication Sciences convention, Berlin, May-June 1977. 

Gar-^son, Karen R., and John P. Garrison. "Measurement of Talking Apprehension 
in the Elementary School." Unpublished monograph. University of 
Nebraska-Lincoln, 1976. 

Giffin, Kim. "A Theory of Speech Anxiety in Interpersonal Communication." 

Paper presented at the National Society For the Study of Communication 
convention. New York, April I968. 

Glaser, Susan R. "The Development and- Evaluation of a Co\irse in Reticence 
Management," Paper presented at the Western Speech Communication 
Association convention, Los Angeles, February 1979. 

GLaser, Susan R., and Anthony Biglan. "Increase your Confidence and Skill in 
Interpersonal Situations." Unpublished manuscript. University of 
Oregon, 1978. 

Goss, Elaine. "The Implementation of Systematic Desensitization in a Basic 
Course in College." Paper presented to the Central States Speech 
Association convention, March 1972. 

45 ' 



-44- 



Hall. Adele C. "Coinnunication Apprehension as a State Construct : ^e Forei^ 
College Student in the U.S." Paper presented at the Western Speecn 
CominuSication Association convention, San Jose, February 1981. 

Hamilton. Peter K. "An Experimental Investigation of the Relation Between 
Hamlton, Pete^. ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ Reinforcement and the ^^tematic 

D^seSitization of Coimiunics oion Anxiety." Paper presented at the 
Central States Speech Communication Association convention, Chicago, 
April 1976. 

Hamilton Peter K. "Analyzing the Development, Treatment, and Effects of Com- 
'mScatiin Apprehension: A Self-Efficacy Approach." ^^^P^^ P^"^^^"^^^, 
atthe Interaational Communication Association convention, Philadelphia, 

May 1979. 

Hamilton Pet^r K., and Stephen A. Taylor. "An Analysis of Alt emative Procedures 
Hamilton, ^et r^.,^ and Analyzing the Use of Systematic Desensitization." 

Sper preSd at the Cent^ States Speech Association convention, 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin, April 1974* 

Communication Association convention, Portland, Oregon, 1976. 

Hegstrom, Tim. "Speech Anxiety and Size of Audience." Paper presented to the 
Hegstrom,^iim^^ ^te Speech Association convention, Chicago, Apnl 1978. 

u 1 un,mo V "The Intei-relationsip Between Self-Esteem and Communication 
Sty!" ^^?prSeSld at tL inference of Basic a=u.^ Directors 
• of Central States Universities, Ames, Iowa, April 28-j5U, IW^ 

u • X q u iiThP Fffpcts of Vicarious Exposure to Systematic Desensitization 
Herr:.ot, S. l^^g^^™,, Paj^presented at the Speech Pon-.ucat.on 

Association convention. New York, 1973. 

Ho^tor, T K and P Anderson. "Anomie-Alienation and Restrained Communication 
^m^;;^ Sgh^hSol S?uients." Paper presented af the Western Speech 
Association convention, Honolulu, 1972. 

Heston. J. K., and Michael Burgoon. "Unwillingness to Commumcate, Anonde 
Heston, ^' I'^^l Communication Apprehension as Predictors of Sniall 

^u^C^^cation." Paper presented at the Speech Communication 

Association convention. New York, 1973. 

,,4. TV ar,^ TT T Paterllne . "Unwillingness to Communicate: Explication 
Heston, J._^K.,^an^ SvJopmeS'^kper presSfed at the International . Co»mcat.on 

Association convention. New Orleans, 1974* 
Communication Association convention. New York, 1975- 

ERIC 46 



H ThomA^ R Preiss, and B. Davis. "The Effects of Conmunication Appre- 
• SnSoi 0} SdS^sSool Children on Sociometric Choice, Affective, 
anS S^tiv^ Learning." Paper presented at the International Corrununx- 
cation Association convention, Portland, 1976. 

T^hil Satoshi et al. "Communication Apprehension of Japanese and Americans 
ishox, Satosha.,^et^al^ situations." Paper presented at the Intex^txonal 

Conmunication Association convention, Chxcago, April 25-^9, 19 

v^r^a Kvi,n«r-.Wha "The ^feanin^ of Reticence: A Cross Cultural Study." Paper 

^I^n^ed S tfe^ch Conununication Association convention. New York 
City, November 1980. 

Lashbrook, Velma J. "The Implementation of Systematic Desensitization ^ a 

Basic Course in Hi^'^h School." Paper presented at the Central Speecn 
Association convention, Minneapolis, 1973. 

Idbet, J., P. M. Levdnsohn, and F. Javorek. "The Construct of Social S^l^^ 
' An Empirical Study of Several Measures on ^^mporal Stability, 

Structure, Validity, and Situational Generalizability. Unpublished 
manuscript. University of Oregon, 1973. 

TV. T u ar,,i M T MnMarais. "The Development of an Automated Program of 
s;sSLuc'ie~i;ati?n%or Spe^h Anxiety and a Ru^ther Note on 
mCk vs. PRSA Pretests." Unpublished research report, Iowa State 
University, Ames, 1974. 

T„-i.r, PMlnnD and Dave Dobkins. "Conmunicative Reticence: Native Americans 
Luoan, ^^g;-?,^- -^gfc^^^r^^ Paper presented at the Speech Co^au^catxon 
Association convention, Minneapolis, November 2-5, 1978. 

Lustig, Ifyron, W. "Communication Apprehension and Idea Generation: A Won- • 
significant Relationship." Paper presented to the Western ^eech 
CoMrLication convention, San Jose, California, February 1981. 

T,,<.+ nV Mvron W "Verbal Reticence: A Reconceptualization and Preliminaiy Scale 
Lustig, ^^^^^^3 J^f presented at the Speech Communication Association 

convention, Chicago, December 1974. 

p?eSed at^the Speech Conmunication Association convention. New York, 
1973. 

1976. 

alTS^'oSrs^ioof 3?^=!"^^^^^^^^^ - 
Virginia University,, 1976. 



-4^ 



McCroskev hms C. "Oral Communication Apprehension: A Summary of Recent 
^ TheW^d Research." Presented at the International Coronunacation 

Association convention, Berlin, 1977. 

McCroskev James C. "The Problems of Communication Apprehension in the Class- ^ 
riom!^ Paier presented to the Communication Association of the Pacific 
convention, Kobe, Japan, 1976. 

w « , T n Tan-ic; F Andersen, ■^rirginia P. Richmond, and Lawrence R. 

^'"'''i;heSrs. "T^r bo^Sc^^^ C^ientations and the Development of 

S^u^cltion Orientations Among Elementary School Children: A Modeling 
SSStion!" Paper presexrted at the International Communication 
Association convention, Philadelphia, May 1979. 

Pajer presented at the Eastern Communication Association convention. 
New York, 1977. / 

n Tv,«moc: Ti3TiTia-rd "The Effects of Communication Appre- 

"='='^°='^i:;„SrcS-CerrrB:S!^- P-e„ta. at the Easten, Co^ 

munication Association convention, New York, iV/i). 

« . T n Rr,^ u MoVptta. "Classroom Seating Arrangements: 

McCroskey^Ja^es C -^^W^^^^^^ Versus Student Preferences." Paper 

SsSltedTtS International Communication Association convention, 
Chicago, April 25-29, 197^. 
« . T P «v,^ M T? Rhpahan. "Communication Apprehension, Social 
^'^^'^'p^eSca-anrSocL^MS in Tcollege Envir^Uent." Unpublished 
monograph, West Virginia University, 1976. 

McCroskev James C, and M. E. Sheahan. "Seating Position and Participation: 
McCroskey. ^-^^'^^ Theoretical E^cplanation. " P^P^^ P-^pf^J^^, '"^^ 

International Communication Association convention, Portland, Oregon, 

1976. 

. « , T c r o+ al "AsTjects of Communication Apprehension': A Symposium." 
McCro.key,^Ja.esJ..^et g-,,/Sf/^°'co«r>icaticn Association convention, 

New York City, March 24-26, 1977. 

„ n , T = n p+ fll "Teacher Conmunication Orientations and the Develop- 
McCroskey James^C. ^^^.^^ ^O^i^ntations -ng Elementary Schog^^^ 

A Modeling Explanation." Paper Presented at the International ^ 
munication Association convention, Philadelphia, 1979. 

Washington, D.Cm Decembert 1977* 

New York,' 1973. 



ERIC 



48 



-47- 



Metzger, Nancy J. "The Effects of a Rhetorical Method of Instruction on a Selected 
Population of Reticent Students." Paper prepared for the special edition 
nf Communication , Journal of the Communication Association of the Pacific. 
Compiled for the Communication Association of the Pacific convention, 
Kobe, Japan, June 1976. 

Miller, M. D., and John A. Daly. "The Empirical Development of a Measure of 
. ' W^iti^ig ApprehensiorT^J^ Paper presented at the International Communication 

Association convention, Chicago, 1975* 

Mntlev Michael T. "Stage Fright Reduction by (False) Heart Rate Feedback." 

^' Sper presented to thTwestem Speech Communication Association convention, 
Newport Beach, California, 1974. 

Mo-vo-er, 0. H. "Stage Fright and Self Regard." Paper presented at the Speech 
Association of America convention, Chicago, December, 1964. 

Mulac, A., and A. R.*Sherman. "Behavioral Assessment of Speech Anxiety." Un- 
published paper. University of California, Santa Barbara, 1973- 

Page, Bill. "Recent Research on the Treatment of Speech Anxiety." Paper Presented 
at the International Communication Association convention, Chicago, Aprii, 
1978. 

Paee, Bdll. "Rhetoritherapy Versus Behavior Therapy: Issues and Evidence." 

Presented at the International Communication Association convention, 
Philadelphia, May 1-5, 1979. 

Pa^-ks Arlie Muller, and Louisa H. W., Swift. "A Description of a Self-Evaluation 
' Sasurfof Communication Apprehension.'.' Presented at the International 
Communication Association convention, Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 1981. 

Pearson Ju*r C, and Donald D. Ifoder. "Public Speakir^ or Interpersonal Communi- 
'ca?L: lS Perspective of the High Communication Apprehension Student." 
Paper presented at the Eastern Communication Association convention, 
Philadelphia, May 5-17? 1979. 

Perimutter, Kenneth B. "The Effects of Behavior Rehearsal, a Discussion G^p, 
and a Social Skills Training Manual on the Acquisition of Social Skills • 
' in College. Males." Paper presented at the Southeastern Psychological 
Association convention, New Orleans, March 28-31, 1979- 

Phillins, Gerald M. "The Friendship Clinic: The Treatment of Reticence." Paper 
Phillips, ^beraid^M^^ the Eastern CoLunication Association convention. New York, 

- March, 1975* 

Phillips, Gerald M. "The Noncommunicators." Paper prepared for ^^e special edition 
if fammunication , journal of the Communication Association of the Pacific, 
ComF iled for the Conmunication Association of the Pacific convention, 
Kobe, Japan, June 1976. 

PhilliT^s Gerald M. "Theory and Research Concerning Reticence: Where, When, 
^ VfhShfr." A paper presented at the Speech Communication Association 
convention, New York, 1973 • 



-IS- 



iation convention, New York City, November, 1980. 
conventioni Chicago, 1978. 
Philadelphia, 1979. 

Communication Association convention. New York, i^d. 
Porter, D. Thoms, Vicld S. FTei^th, and E. J. Kibler ^" fP^^^^^^f" 

1975. 

2 T Tv,m-?r„TOT' "Trait and State Coimiunication Appre- 
Prisbell, mrshall, and Judith ^^^f * p^per presented at the 

1981. 

T r ttmup Fffects of High and Low Communication Apprehension on 
'^„S"ro;p M^mbef Cr^'dlbnity' Interpersonal Attraction, and Interactxon." 
l^r presented at the Speech Communication Association convention, 
Chicago, 1972. 

^^^^ ^Jz^ "pS rr::;„;:Kf 

convention. New Orleans, December, 1970. 

, T. T A iamoc: p MrCroskev. "Oral Communication Apprehension as a 
'^'^^'*'^k\on o"y a.e;"itainaxy Investigation." Paper presented to 
^1asL?n Co»iicatlon Association convention, New York, 1977- 

n M Pv,^c.i,^,r "ThP Cause (s^ of Oral Commxinication 

munication Association convention, Boston, IV ('B. 

~sn:r^e^xt:^i-^^^^^^^ 

Community College, 1976. 

West Virginia Northern Conimmity CoUege, IT/ft- 

50 • 



1981. 

Quiggins 



-49- 



Scott, 



rS!..°'prprr ^::S°S\Sf S^S S:..ication Association cor. 
vention, San Francisco, 1971 • 

T ^ r Pi'.Y "Personality Correlates of Reticence." Paper 

^""'^'^ks^n?;^ SVh; S;sS^-Speecr— cation Association convention, 
Newport Beach, California, 1974. 

- %s-ttairts; ^SfoL?=;at?:rfsfo?itM^^^^^ ^^s^ . 

25-29, 1978. 

Scott, M. D., and L. E. «healess. "An J^°"*°-l,£::f„S!"°^trTre^ 

t tr^S'oSlSrLsocfatrc'onJ^ri^r^ FrSciLo, 1976. ' 

Scott, «. D., ana L. R. «.eeless. "Tovard ^J^— -^roSi^L^Sv^fw!""'^'^' 
g;r/p.SStX'rertirnar?oJ:SSSion Association convention. 
Chicago, 1978. 

^ V + or,^ T T? Wheeless. "An Exploratory Investigation of the 

M. D., M. Yates, and L. K. wnee±et>t>. >■ i ovo+pms of Instruction." 

CehreLS-Tttr^nS^^^ 
Chicago, 1975. 

Seiaer, Willie et al -g-^-'-'SMtSl 'lS"onr="^ 

Sr oraSrrcSS" ^SSr^J-ntS at t^ gnt^al states Speech 
IsLciStion convention, Chicago, nlni-ois, Apnl 13-15, 1978. 

San Francisco, 1976. 

Snavely, Willia. B. and A, ^l;^2^i^'>:v^:^^^:'^^^^'^^^^:^^^ 
SnS!*°Sel?~ta S^~--"cafion Association convention, 
New York City, November 15, 1980. 

- n ^ n T qiiVLivan. "Components of Self-Esteein as Predictors 
Snavely, William B., and D. L. Sullxvan. ^""^P" ^ presented at the Western 

SoKolorr, Kent A. "--P^on ToSrof^rinSrat^iK^ 

S.°'c^^^e^SSication Association of the Pacit.c 
convention, Kobe, Japan, June, 1976. 

P -T A "A qplected Review of Communication Apprehension Treatments 
Sorensen, Gaol A. A Selected ^^vxew u presented at the Eastern Com- 

vdth Recomnendatxons and Wamxngs. ^^P^^ Maryland, 1980. 
munication Association convention. Ocean Uxty, miyxanu, 

ERIC 51 



-50 



n , "ThP Prediction of Interaction Behavr 
=°""^^"lo?1i'a;;irGrors!.°-pa;er;S;„terat the Speech uo^uhication Assoc- 
iation convention, New York, 1973. 

--1^ S^Sie^H-e^C^i^^^^^^^ 
Febnxaiyy 19S1. 

I^^oci:;^^— , So, CaXifon^a, Aprl. 5-a. 1979. 

t^:S;dTfhri;>tSio;:i"— cation Association convention, 
New Orleans t 1974« 

Va^Xa. Ur>. D., an. Stephen B tfS^ia^T^:*;^ ^"er^t^f 
SMciSL"socLuontn^rntiL, HonoX^u, May 5-9, 1980. 

T UK "A study of the Effects of Systematic 

Wells, Judith A., and William B- La^-°^;^ Anxfe^f of Individuals in Small 

Desensitization on ^he Communxcatrve w ^^^.^^ Association cor>- 

Groups." Paper presented at the tspeecn uu 
vention. New Orleans, 1970- 

, T ^ p MnPrnskev. "llelationships 
Shoeless, Lawrence R., SkvSesrand' (SSicaUon Apprehension." 

•^^r rres;S:fa?Th; KSrs^rechCo^unication Association convention, 
San Francis CO t 1976. 

AT P Iferker. "Coirmunication Apprehension, Social 

Wissmiller, Andrew P., ajd G^^l^g^f* j^^^^is i.n Small Groups." Paper Presented 
Distance, and Interpersonal ^^^^^^^ convention, San Francisco, 1976. 
at the Speech Communication Association conven ,