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The Global Newspaper 
Edited in Paris 
Printed Simultaneously 
in Paris. London, Zurich. 
Hone Kong, Singapore. 

The Hague and Marseille 


INTERNATIONAL 



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No. 31,868 


ZURICH, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 


ESTABLISHED 1887 


U.S. States Seek More Trade 

Governors Look Abroad to Cope With Deluge of Imports 


By John Herbers 

New York Times Service 

BOISE. Idaho — As the states 
seek to improve their economies 
with exports abroad and foreign 
investments at home, they are stnd- 
ing into the arena of international 
trade, according to a report re- 
leased at the annual convention of 
the National Governors’ Associa- 
tion. 

The states have entered a field 
once dominated by the federal gov- 
ernment because the apparatus set 
up by Congress to help U^. export- 
ers and increase foreign invest- 
ments in this country is inadequate 
to meet the need, governors say. 

Now, with the encouragement of 
the Reagan administration, which 
favors this and other decen- 
tralized efforts, the states are mov- 
ing on their own to establish special 
relationships with other nations. 

“There’s a real role for the gover- 
nors and the state government in 
the international arena.’’ said Gov- 
ernor John Carlin of Kan«g, presi- 
dent of the association. 

States are increasing their appro- 
priations for foreign trade; station- 
ing representatives abroad to 
search for markets; giving financial 
aid to exporters and foreign com- 



Governor John Carlin 


parties that put plants within their 
borders; sponsoring trade mis- 
sions; and establishing “sister state 
relationships” with corresponding 
foreign governments, according to 
the association's report, which was 
released Sunday. 


Trade Gap May Become 
Hot U.S. Issue for 1986 


By Paul Taylor 

Washington Post Service 

PARIS, Texas — The farm fo- 
rum for candidates in a special con- 
gressional election had been a bore 
until Jimmy West got up to talk 
about his run-in this summer with 
foreign competition. 

Mr. West has been unable to sell 
his 530,000 oal crop because he has 
been undercut at the local feed mill 
by D anish imports. The moment 
that he told his story, the hall was 
alive with grievances and profani- 
ties. 

For the rest of the night, nobody 
wanted to talk about anythingelse, 
least of all Jim Chapman, the Dem- 
ocrat who last Saturday won the 
special election for the open seat in 
this northeast Texas district. 

“The exact situation you de- 
scribe. we're finding with Korean 
steel Canadian lumber, Argentin- 
ian dairy imports, Saudi oil and 
gas. Italian textiles,’’ Mr. Chapman 
said. 

“Right down the list, you name 
the industry, you name the country, 
we're getting our lunch eaten by 
subsidized foreign imports," Mr. 
Chapman said. 

The Republican candidate, Edd 
Hargett, who later lost the election 
to Mr. Chapman, was considerably 
more restrained in his remarks. Mr. 
Hargett, who calls himself a philo- 
sophical free-trader, urges enforce- 
ment of existing laws to prevent the 
dumping of foreign goods on do- 
mestic markets. 

The Texas race is an illustration 
of how tough talk on trade is 
emerging as the hottest new Demo- 
cratic theme in this year of soul- 


searching and regrouping for the 
party. 

A protectionist bifl. or as the 
Democrats prefer to call it, a “fair 
trade" measure, was introduced by 
leading Democrats in Congress last 
week. More are on the way. and 
Mr. Chapman's race has given the 
national party a chance to do a 
little market research as it figures 
out how to hone the issue for the 
1986 midterm races. 

Even before Mr. Chapman’s vic- 
tory. the party researchers liked 
what they saw. 

“The good news out of the Texas 
race, win draw or lose, is thaL we 
have an issue we know we can use 
next year," said Martin Franks, ex- 
ecutive director of the Democratic 
Congressional Campaig n Commit- 
tee, before voting day. . 

George Shipley, Mr. Chapman's 
chief strategist, said: “It’s hotter 
than a pistol" and added, “It 
seems to cut with everyone —fann- 
ers, workers, seniors, small busi- 
nessman." 

Trade, Mr. Chapman said, “is a 
real red-white-and-blue issue." He 
peppered his talk to the farmers 
with calls for the “greatest country 
in the free world" to reverse its 
“unilateral disarmament" c*n trade 
and use its “might" to make its 
trading partners “play fair." 

Surveys over the past decade 
have shown that large majorities of 
Americans favor import restric- 
tions on foreign goods priced lower 
than U.S. goods. Last fall a Roper 
Organization poll pm the number 
supporting such restrictions at 66 
pocenL 


The stagnant economy of Idaho, 
where the convention opened Sat- 
urday, underscored the urgency 
that most states have attached to 
the effort in the past three years. A 
flood of imports has brought lay- 
offs in Idaho’s man ufacturing and 
lumber industries and a decline in 
agricultural exports, after a ; 
of strong economic and l 
growth through the 197C 

The growing U.S. trade deficit, 
which last year totaled $123 billion, 
is regarded as the chief cause of the 
slump, along with the strength of 
the dollar abroad. 

Mr. Carlin said Sunday that state 
economic interests were so diverse 
that the governors were not likely 
to agree on proposed federal poli- 
cies, such as protective tariffs, 
which many members of Congress 
are pushing. 

“As governor of an agricultural 
state, I know how dependent some 
industries are on exports," he said. 
“Any time there is talk about dos- 
ing doors we know there will be 
retaliation" from abroad. 

What is left far the states, he 
said, is to stimulate markets in ex- 
ports and foreign investments here 
through devices that range from 
promotion to subsidies. 

Tennessee, which has received a 
large share of Japanese plants lo- 
cating in the United States, has 
heavily subsidized the plants with 
roads and other amenities. 
Japanese and Tennessee delega- 
tions have visited each other’ s terri- 
tory and have proclaimed similar- 
ities between the two peoples and 
their lands that had never occurred 
to anyone before. 

Michigan, seeking to increase ex- 
ports of farm equipment, has en- 
tered into an agreement with Chi- 
na’s Sichuan province to establish a 
model farm mere, with the Chinese 
providing the labor and state em- 
ployees from Ann Arbor the tech- 
nological expertise. 

South Carolina, the site of new 
British-owned industrial plants, is 
paying the cost of sending the pro- 
spective employees to England for 
six-week framing courses. 

Minnesota is offering loan guar- 
antees to small businesses trying to 
break into the Scandinavian export 
markets. Unlike New Yak, Cab- 
fomia and other stales with ports 
open to the world, much of the 
upper Middle West was uncon- 
cerned until two or three years ago 
about foreign markets other than 
those fa agricultural produce, ac- 
cording to William Dietrich, direc- 
ta of the Minnesota Trade Office. 



Ad estimated 15,000 demonstrators in Washington, 
most of them women, encircled the Capitol, the Lincoln 
Memorial and the Pentagon, carrying a 15-mDe-long, 


tapestry “ribbon.” The three panels of homemade ban- 
ners were joined after a four-hoar march, marking the 
40th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima. 


With Doves and Prayer, Hiroshima Remembers 


Washington Part Service 

HIROSHIMA, Japan — More than 30,000 
people were expected Tuesday in Peace Me- 
morial Park here to commemorate the 40th 
anniversary of the world’s first nuclear bomb 
attack. ^ 

A minute of silent prayer, the release of 
1,500 doves and the offering of ritual flowers 
to the dead were scheduled, as were more 
than 50 other ceremonies throughout the city. 
The number who died in the explosion and 
the number of confirmed dead from the after- 
effects is put by Hiroshima at 138,690. (A 
report on bow the nudear age began-Page 5.) 

“Hiroshima is not merely a witness of his- 
tory," Mayor Takeshi Aralti said Monday. 


“Hiroshima is an endless warning fa the 
future of mankind." 

He made the remarks in a welcoming 
Speech at a convocation known as the First 
world Conference of Mayors fa Peace 
Through Inter-City Solidarity. The confer- 
ence has brought officials from about 95 
dries in Japan and abroad to Hiroshima. 

Preparations have been under way fa 
weeks. On Sunday, two groups of about 600 
people each who had made peace marches 
from Tokyo, about 600 miles (975 kilometers) 
away, arrived in the dty. After Tuesday, 
many participants will move on to Nagasaki 
where the second nudear attack was carried 
out on Aug. 9, 1945. 


Peace activists also have turned to theater 
to press the theme of “No More Hir oshi mas. " 

A trolley car daring from the day of die 
attack, one of four said to be in service here, 
was to run Wednesday, carrying 40 persons 
who survived the bondring. 

Several hundred people were expected to 
throw themselves to the ground in a “die-in" 
in the shadow of the prefecture commercial 
exhibit hair The ban is the oily building the 
rebuilt dty has preserved in its ruined state. 

Jack Tjatmwn. the American actor, who is 
among the visitors, described his experiences 
here as “absolutely shattering." Mr. Lemmon 
said he had never been an activist, but that he 
p lanned to speak out on nutiieer disarma- 
ment when be returned to the United States. 


Soviet Reports a Daring Rescue of Space Station 


“It was a carry-over from isola- 
tionism in the Middle West,” he 
said. But after the recession hit 
Minnesota with particular force. 
Governor Rudy Ferpich pushed 
through legislation that has given 
his state one of the more extensive 
and advanced foreign trade offices 
in the nation. 

Also, Minnesota has developed a 
special trade relationship with Swe- 
den and other countries m northern 
Europe that have not been heavily 
involved in trade with the United 
States. The reason, Mr. Dietrich 
said, was that much of the popula- 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 1) 


Ratters 

MOSCOW —Two faulty batter- 
ies paralyzed the Soviet SaIyut-7 
space station earlier this year, re- 
quiring Moscow to send two cos- 
monauts on a dangerous repair 
mission that turned out successful- 
ly. Pravda reported Monday. 

In a rare break with the secrecy 
around the Soviet space program, 
the Communist Party daily said 
that after 10 days of repairs in June, 
Vladimir Dzhanibekov, one of the 
world's most experienced space- 
men, and Vladimir Savinykh, an 
instruments specialist, managed to 
restore the station to life. 

It was the second major problem 
for the 47-ton space complex, com- 
ing after a fuel leak in 1984. The 
previous three-man crew “moth- 
balled” Salyut-7 in October after a 
record 238 days in orbit. 

Between Ctetober and March, 
two of the eight solar-charged bat- 
teries malfunctioned, leaving the 


craft lifeless and frozen. Pravda 
■aid. Signals fpom ground control 
thought no response; - 
Mr. Dzhanibekov and Mr. Sa- 
vinykh underwent special t raining 
beginning in March, when mission 
controllers derided to try the dan- 
. gerous repair work. Pravda said the 
two men, who are still in the sta- 
tion, had shown “real bravery in 
very difficult circumstances." 

Mr. Dzhanibekov, 43, has gate 

was charged with instructing the 
SaJyut crew how to use new tools to 
stop a fuel leak that- had all but 
immobilized the station. 

Western space experts were 
aware of both problems, but the 
article in Pravda was the first time 
that the Soviet press had men- 
tioned the dead batteries. 

Mr. Savinykh, 45, on Ms second 
mission, is a former flight control- 
ler. He helped design much of the 


instr umentation aboard Satym-7, 
which went into orbit in April 1981 

The Prava article was by a lead- 
ing space expert who went into or- 
bit in 1964, Konstantin P. Feoktis- 
tov. It described at length bow the 
battery problem bad developed 
and how the cnsmnnsnTte hml man- 
aged to deal with iL 

Once they had been rocketed 
dose to the dead station, Mr. 
Dzhanibekov piloted the 
T-13 module toward it and 
manually. 

Mr. Feoktistov praised the crew 
f or the manual docking — a “great 
t echnical achievement" — and «»H 
its success had proved the technical 
possibility of rescuing a crew 
trapped in orbit by a power failure 
or some other technical difficulty. 

After carefully checking the at- 
mosphere inside the space station 
for any poisonous elements, the 
men transferred from their module 


and found all equi pment inactive 
and the water supples frozen. The 
temperature was zero centigrade, 
a 32 Fahrenheit. . 

They traced the equipment mal- 
function to two batteries that were 
dead, although instruments indi- 
cated they were fully charged. The 
remaining batteries had slowly lost 
power and had not been recharged 
by the solar panels attached to the 
station. 

Over 10 days, the cosmonauts 
repositioned the panels to recharge 
the batteries. The ice melted and an 
unmanned craft ferried np supplies 
and spares fa additional repair 
work on the station. 

Prav da said the station was 
working now but that the cosmo- 
nauts were coatinning to cany out 
repairs and replacement of equip- 
ment that suffered from the freeze. 
On Friday, they took a five-hour 
space walk and replaced two solar 
panels. 


Reagan 
Tells of 
2d Cancer 

Says Removal 
Of Skin Patch 
Ends Treatment 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Poet Service 

WASHINGTON — President 
Ronald Reagan said Monday that a 
blemish removed from his nose last 
week was diagnosed as a mild and 
comm on form of skin cancer. 

Mr. Reagan, who answered ques- 
tions from reporters for the first 
time since undergoing surgery fa 
colon cancer at July 13, said the 
skin cancer would require no fur- 
ther treatment a examination, and 
that Ms overall health was “very 
good." 

In a news conference limited to 
five reporters, the president also 
discussed several foreign and do- 
mestic issues. He said; 

• He would be willing to join the 
Soviet Union in a permanent ban 
on nudear testing. He said he re- 
jected a Soviet proposal last week 
fa a temporary ban on nuclear 
testing because the United States 
had not finished its planned testing 
of warheads. He oiled fa both 
sides to “get down to business” at 
Higarmniwnr talk in Geneva. 

• He would continue to pursue 
the policy of “constructive er _ 
meat" toward South Africa 
cause it had brought improvement 
in the lives of blacks there. He 
repeated his opposition to econom- 
ic sanctions against Pretoria but 
stopped short of saying he would 
veto legislation pending in Con- 
gress that called la sanctions. 

• He voiced support for the bud- 
get compromise adopted by Con- 
gress last week, although he con- 
ceded “we didn’t get all the savings 
we sought" He said he would fight 
this autumn for Ms lax-simplifica- 
tion plan, his proposals fa a con- 
stitutional amendment to balance 
the budget and for authorization to 
veto individual items in spending 
legbdatioo. 

Mr. Reagan, who is 74, said Ms 
skin cancer resulted from overex- 
posure to the sun, He said the prob- 
lem started out with a pimple that 
he picked at ban time to time. 

He said the blemish became in- 
flamed, and the condition was 
made worse by an allergy to adhe- 
sive tape. The tape had been used 
to told a tube that surgeons insert- 
ed through Ms nose to draw off 
gases and digestive juices while he 
recuperated from his cancer sur- 
ge^- 

“When finally they took it off 
and removal the tube,” he said, 
“my tittle friend that I had played 
with began to come back." ' 

The patch of skin was removed 
Tuesday by a dermatologist in the 
office of the White House physi- 
cian. The skin initially was tested 
fa infection, but Mr. Reagan said 
it was oot until he was at the presi- 
dential retreat at Camp David, 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 3) 


In Poland, a Student Can Oulearn a Professor 


By Michael T. Kaufman 

Nr*- York Tunes Service 

WARSAW — Irena is a 19-year- 
old university student with a sum- 
mer job washing windshields at a 
gasoline station 25 miles from here. 
She makes six times as much in tips 
as her father gets as a professor at 
Warsaw University, and almost as 
much as General Wqjriech Jaiu- 
zdski the Polish leader. 

Irena feels her tips are so high 
because Polish vacationers are 
“showing off.” But her case is just 
one of the anomalies that define a 
wildly unbalanced economy. 

At one end of the economic spec- 
man are people who feel the pinch 
and complain about recent in- 
creases, which pul prices of milk, 
bread and meat at levels still far 
below elsewhere in Europe. At the 
other end are people who regularly 
buy privately imported lemons, 
grapes and eggplants at the equiva- 


lent of S6 a pound and more, and 
who lament that they have more 
money than they can spend. 

From a Western perspective, for 
people with Western currency, Po- 
land is probably the least expensive 
country in Europe. Scotch is avail- 
able at 54 a bottle. French perfume 
is cheaper than at any duty-free 
drop. A four-passenger. Polish- 
produced Fiat can be bought, with- 
out a wail for 51,500. 

Any Pole receiving S25 a month 
from a relative abroad — and there 
are many — can change this bounty 
on the black market fa 15,000 zlo- 
tys. a just below the 18.000- zloty 
average monthly wage of industrial 
workers, and more than the salaries 
of young doctors and teachers. 

But fa a teacher or a Polish 
worker without a generous relative 
in Chicago. Toronto or Sydney, a 
a of dollars obtained during a 
visit abroad, life can be punitivdy 


expensive. To gel the dollars to buy 
that bottle of Scotch, or boxes of 
Dutch chocolate, or American 
jeans or Danish toys, imported 
stoves or washing machines sold in 
the 650 Western currency shops, a 
Pole would have to exchange zlotys 
at the going rate of more than 600 
to the dollar. This means that the 
$4 bottle of Scotch ends up costing 
him 2.400 zlotys, equal to nearly 
three days of average wages. 

Moreover, although rents are 
low, the waiting period fa an 
apartment can be Is years and if a 
Ftole wants to buy that small Fiat 
for Polish money, rather than dol- 
lars, be will have to wait several 
years and pay 650,000 zlotys, a 36 
months of an average salary. 

With so many Poles aware of 
what is available in the West be- 
cause of films, videotapes and trav- 
els abroad, pent-up consumer de- 
mand is enormous. It explodes 


each weekend at flea markets 
where even the throwaway leaflets 
of Western travel agencies a auto 
showrooms are eagerly bought 

Tens of thousands of people 
wander amid clothes, trinkets, fish- 
ing rods and pure-bred puppies, 

making jt clear that unlike most 

countries, where flea markets are 
supplemental places for exchange, 
here they are primary, offering 
more goods and more variety than 
the state-run department stores. 

The contradictions of the Polish 
consumer market are so blaiarn 
and wild that when a foreigner ca- 
sually compared the domestic 
economy to a madhouse, a Polish 
economic planner mteqected, “Oh, 
no, you know that madhouses have 
to be very orderly.” 

A central problem bedeviling 
this economy is how to determine 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 7) 



Coup Leader 
In Uganda 
Urges Unity 

By Sheila Rule 

New York Tunes Service 

KAMPALA, Uganda — The 
leader of the military com that 
overthrew the government of Presi- 
dent Milton Obqte on July 27 has 
appealed fa unity among the vari- 
ous political factions in this East 
African country so that elections 
can be held in a year. 


Insisting that the new regime 

of Ugandi 

Brigadier Basilio (Mara QkeUo said 


in complete control 


was 

da. 


„ N~ Yorl r« 

Washing windshields in Warsaw can pay almost as much as General Jaruzelski earns. 


INSIDE 

■ Lawsuits are trying to make 

U.S. tobacco companies liable 
fa (he illnesses and deaths of 
smokers. Page 3. 

■ Tafts between the two Ko- 
reas have raised hopes for a 
reduction in tension. Page 4. 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 

■ Turner Broadcasting System 
said it is trying to take ova 
MGM-UA Entertainment Co. 
fa $ 13 Wlion. Page 9. 

■ Reuters Holdings PLC said 
its pretax profit in the first half 
rose 44 percent. Page 9. 

TOMORROW 

Tomoyo Hanabusa has a prob- 
lem: the Japanese bullet train 


look 


: right pas; 

at 20th ce 


centmy noise. 


South Africa: Haunted by a Specter of Pain, Betrayal and Broken Promises 


By Alan Cowell 

New York Tunes Service 

JOHANNESBURG — Sometimes, as 
now in South Africa, a nation’s ghosts can 
return to haunt the present 

Some might argue, for instance, that the 
state of emergency here and around the 
eastern part of Cape province was prompt- 
ed by such a visitation of old phantoms, a 
crisis whose seeds were laid long ago in the 
policies of racial separation. 

For many, however, the situation trans- 
lates into a 'more direct tale of pain, betray- 
al and broken promises. 

Parents will tell of children who died in 
clashes with the police. Whole communi- 
ties will list simple grievances that might 
have been redeemed. 

In the official version, the dead were 

subversives challenging a system under- 
pinned by an army and by an ill-equipped, 
physically a emotionally, police force. 

Duduza, a township 30 miles (48 kilome- 


ters) east of Johannesburg, has its own 
story. 

Duduza is a black township Eke many, 
but its prominence beyond South Africa's 
borders has been higher than most. Close 
to white gold-mining towns with names 


a fellow cleric. Bishop Simeon Nkoane. 
saved a man from incineration by a crowd 
that had judged him to be a police inform- 
er. 

It is the place where Maki Skosana. a 
mother in her 20s, was not so lucky and 
died ablaze, in front of television cameras, 
the day the state of emergency was pro- 
claimed two weeks ago. 

Duduza became known as one of South 
Africa’s most unruly townships, a place 
where black policemen were withdrawn 
after arsonists attacked their homes and 
where black local government sponsored 
by the wMte authorities bad collapsed. 


The residents of Duduza say now that it 
should have been no surprise when the 
town erupted, and those with longer mem- 
ories will tell a story that spans decades. 

it started, they say, in 1962, when the 
people of a township called Charterston 
were told that they were to be moved into a 
new place, called Duduza. which meant 
comfort Some were in favor of the move 
because they were told tfaae would be 
paved roads and electric lighting and a 
sewer system other than buckets distribut- 
ed and collected by the authorities. 

Others, according to a 37-year-old man 
who was 14 at the time, fat mistrustful 
about the move, seating thw would lose 
freehold rights and a sense of community. 

What happened, however, surprised 
them all When blacks were moved from 
Charterston. the authorities demolished h 
and rebuilt a town for people of mixed 
race. The old shim of Charterston was 
converted into a model-village. 

“Even- time blacks . go to visit their 


friends in this colored township,” one man 
said, using the official word, “colored,” fa 
those of mixed race, “their hearts bleed.” 

In Duduza, by contrast, electricity re- 
mained a privilege of the few. The bucket 
system of sewage removal continued. A 
black community councS was introduced, 
and forced to quit, a o ensed by activists of 
being a front fa white domination. 

“I got in with the aim of fi ghting (he 
system from within" said the forma may- 
or. Kebane Moloi, who was forced to re- 
sign- “I thought! would help my people get 
all the luxuries that other black townships 
enjoy. Unfortunately I was wrong." 

And so, the chronicle of unrest began. 

Residents took their sewage buckets and 
emptied them outside the offices of the 
white authority responsible fa township 
development. 

Rents were increased in March and then 
schooling was suspended amid the ensuing 
violence. The pattern — a community 
grievance articulated bv o!da citizens and 


translated into action by their children — 
seems widespread in black townships. 

Before this March in Duduza, when resi- 
dents began to hold meetings to discuss 
their plight, their complaints were directed 
at rent increases and the purported corrup- 
tion of community leaders 
This year, the battle lines hardened. The 
diary of one resident tells tiro story: 

April 22: Police use tear gas to disperse 
crowds stoning beerhalls. April 24: A man 
died dining a confrontation with the police 
and three were injured. May 20: A high- 
school leader, Patricia Thobela, 19, was 
buried and after the funeral more police 
bouses and shops and homes of town offi- 
cials were burned. 

May 20: A 50-year-old white nurse is' 
dragged from ha car sod stoned, dying 
lata in a hospital. May 23: Police and 
army units move in. June 25: There are 
reports of white policemen, heavily armed, 
(Continued on Page 4, Col 3) 


Sunday in an interview that if “we 
can agree on unity, we shall man- 
age security in Uganda.” 

The leaders of the country's new 
military council have said that gen- 
eral elections, which were original- 
ly to have taken place before the 
end of the year under Mr. Obote’s 
administration, would be held in 12 
months' time 

One member of the council Col- 
onel Fred Okecho, said that repre- 
sentatives of Yawed Museveni 
who led rebels in a four-year bush 
war against Mr. Obote, were being 
contacted “from time to time to let 
them know what is going on.” 

Mr. Museveni has not agreed to 
join the new government, even af- 
ter specific requests from the mili- 
tary regime to do so. and his partic- 
ipation is seen by both Western 
analysts and military leaders here 
as crucial to any semblance of sta- 
bility in the nation. Mr. Okecho 
said that Mr. Museveni's represen- 
tatives agreed that “Uganda has 
suffered enough.” 

“They don't want this continu- 



grounds of Nile 
Mansions, the government offices 

(Continued on Page 2. CoL 5) 


l 



1 




V 


' l' T *iiK*i*t ■ I — 




Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 


U.S., Greece Act to Ease 
Friction Over Hijacking 


Prompt Upgrading of Airport Security 
Called Podtax Sign by Washington 


By Loren Jenkins 

Washington Pan Serfke 

ATHENS — The friction in 
Greek-U^, relations caused by the 
hijacking in June of a Trans world 
Airlines plane after takeoff from 
Athens has been eased considera- 
bly by the prompt improvement of 
airport security here, according to 
U.S. and Grow officials. 

Officials said that both govern- 
ments have strongly indicated that 
they were determined to see rela- 
tions improve. 

“It is true the TWA incident 
harmed oar r e l at i onship, and there 
is still a taste of bitterness,'* said a 
senior Foreign Ministry official 
who spoke on the condition that he 
not be named. “But there is a 
strong win from both sides to im- 
prove relations and I think there is 
evidence that they have improved 
substantially of late.” 

At the time of the hijacking, the 
U.S. government expressed dis- 
pleasure because two of the Shiite 
Modem hijackers boarded the Cai- 
ro- to-Rome flight during a stop- 
over in Athens and an accomplice 
who was captured by the Greeks at 
the airport was freed in exchange 
for the release later of Greek hos- 
tages on the plane. 


U.S. Slates 
Look Abroad 


(Continued from Page 1) 
timt in Minnesota is of Sra m s fim s- 
vian descent 

New York has been combing the 
state for companies capable of set- 
ting up joint ventures between for- 
eign mid domestic companies. 

Foreign business ^mniiwy nm 
now 
own 

United States. Nevada, 
pic, has a “language hank hotline- 
at the airport m las Vegas where 


The Reagan adminis tration, 
which has often criticized the for- 
eign polity of Prime Minister An- 
dreas I&paodrecm, a Socialist, ac- 
cused Greece of being lax on 
tenorists within its hordes, faffing 
to provide adequate security at its 
international airport and giving in 
tO terrorist deman ds. 

Airlines in the United States 
were asked to boycott the Athens 
airport and American tourists were 
warned that the airport could be 
dangerous, two measures that 
would affect Greece’s tourist busi- 
ness at the height of the season. 

The Greeks contended that they 
were being unjustifiabl 
out for punishment even though it 
had never been established whether 
the hijackers’ weapons were pot on 
die plane in Athens or had been 
snuggled aboard in Cairo. 

Despite its public anger, howev- 
er, the Papmdreou government 
moved quickly to Improve airport 
security, responding to every rec- 
ommendation of U.S. aviation offi- 
cials as well as Of nffiriak of the 
International Air Transport Asso- 
ciation. 

The airport security staff report- 
edly was increased from 400 to 700 
people, baggage X-rays were 
stepped up and improved, and 
monitoring of passengers was in- 
creased There are plans to build a 
$250,000 fence with guard towers 
around the airport, which tits in a 
densely populated suburb. 

As a result of the Greek mea- 
sures, American flights were inter- 
US. travel 
_ ires lifted last week after 
Federal Aviation Administration 
inspectors ducked security 



Bombs Leave Crater After Traffic Accident 


Emergency workers gathered at a crater created Sunday by the explosion of three bombs after a 
tr affic, accident o n Interst ate 40 near Chemtah, Oklahoma. The bombs were being hauled by track 
from a munitions factory and exploded m a fire that resulted from the aexadent Most of the 49 
persons injured suffered from inhalation of toxic gases released by the fire. The town was evacuated. 


Ulster Foes WORLD BRIEFS 

^ IRA Urge 'n.ni police Crash Prison Riot. KiH 10 


Expulsion oi 
U.S. Group 


BANGKOK (UH) —Special police amts Stooaed the Bang Kwang 
m ayfmiwn secanty prisonberc Monday, t riflin g JO. prisoners as they 


ended a riot by 3.000 prisoners that lasted nearly 30 bans. 
ojtKi.iiuii/j •- - -■-' visrtars’ day dial allowed 


on the 



IMted Press haematkmai 

BELFAST — Protestant politi- 


cians in Northern Ireland demand- 
ed Monday the ax pulrion of 116 
members of a New York fond-rais- 


The riot started Sunday during a 

inmates tO h&VC pkmCS With thOT J 
grounds. It b«anamOT^ inmates soto „ . . . . , 

the special visits. The prisoners demanded visitatiOTngms lorai 

and a general amnesty on Aug. 12, the Thai queen’s wrtbday. 

Police said no harm came to any of about 100 foreign pnscoen, 


i for ali inmates 


including 18 Americans, 8 Germans and 8 Itali ans, w ho are in the 
•mniMiM ewiniiu mKmL Most of fhom are serving sentences tor 


magtmmn security prison, 

narcotics convictions. 


timmf milt-rf “ t error tourists. 

JSifiu Two Israeli Soldiers Killed in Lebanon 

* * “ ' ’ * - JERUSALEM (UPD— - Two IsraeE sddkra were kffledMondty in a 

clash in y*thmi Lebancm. They were the first Israeli combat deaths 
«jnt» the p i wfi ifnMit announced completion of its withdrawal from 
Lebanon in June. _ .. , 

T\vo other Israelis were wounded and three guerpHas were killed in the 
dash in the Israeli security strip just inside Lebanon, the mfliuiysaid. 
The anny announced earlier several Israeli boarder policemen were " 
injured by a TvwiH and that a bus was stoned tn the occupied 

West Bank, just horns afta the Israeli cabinet aruwoiiced a crackdown cm 

f^TTYTricm The m eas u res indncic deportations and indefinite detentions. ■ 
In Syria, the Popular Front for the Liberati on of FUertine coodemned . 
the Israeli cabinet action as a terro ri st reaction that would lead to 
widespread expulsions of Palestinians from occupied territories. 


by the Reverend Ian Paisley, 
warned that the outlawed Irish Re- 
publican Army was fikdy to cany 
out some sort of violent activity to 
" the Americans, 
whole bunch of subver- 
sives should be banned from our 
ores,” he said. 

The. delegation from die Irish 
Northern Aid CrtmAnmn strived 
Saturday in fcdand and crossed die 
border mto Ulster oo Sunday, but 
without ibpubfidty director, Mar- 
tin Galvin, who is banned. 

Mr. Galvin showed up Hleaafly 
last year at a Belfast rally and the 
police, while trying to seize him, 
killed a man with a plastic bnlleL 
Mr. Galvin hinted he might try 

again to enter the North. 

The Americans were greeted in 
Belfast by die w*»*nhar of Parfia- 
ment for West Bedfast Gerry Ad- 
ams, who is also president of the 
IRA’s political wing, Sinn Fein. 

Mr. Wilson, condemning the vis- 
it said; “So long as the republic 
opened its door to the terror tour- 
ists, then the IRA has a ready-made 
opport un ity to do relations work 
with naive and callous Americans/* 
Jack McKee, the Northern Ire- 


2 linked to Agca to Be Questioned 

ROME(Al3 — An Italian prosecutor said Monday that he would go to 
West Gomany and the Netherlands to question two Turks whom 


Au t horities have refused to extradite for the trial of suspects accused of 
plotting to loll Pope John Paul Q. 

One erf the Tons, Semet Aslan, was arrested in the Net he r land s this 
year and charged with illegal possession of a pistol that reports said was 
ant of 21 purchased by an Austrian arms dealer. Toe denier sold 
four of the weapons to Mdunet AH Agca, who later used one of the guns 
to shoot the pope in Sl Peter's Square on May II, 1981. 

The other Turk whose testimony is wanted by the court is Yalcm 
Ozbey, imprisoned in West Germany cm a drag charge. Considered one 
of Mr. Agca’s closest associates, Mr. Ozbey said m an affidavit to 
investigators that he knew all about the alleged plot and that there were 
four Turks in St. Peter’s Square at the time of the attack. 


Reagan Says He Had Skin Cancer Removed 


land assemblyman for North An- 

Jet Had Reduced Speed Before Crash 


im- 


provements at the airport 
The prompt action, UJS. officials 


foreigners can receive i 
from Nevadans speaking more 
than 80 fonra languages. 

Several nffin'iitii aM the states 
probably would have never become 
90 heavily involved in foreign trade 
had the federal programs been 
more effective. 

Recently, some states have pro- 
posed that they be given limi t e d 
authority to commit Export-Im- 
port guarantees, and the bank has 
agreed to a test pro gram in which 
Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota and 
Wisconsin have te mp o ral ity been 
given that authority. 


here said, is a positive sign that 
Athens wants an improvement in 
relations. 

Nikos Skoolas. secretary-general 
of the state-run National Tourist 
Organization, said the U.S. travel 
wanting caused at least 12,000 U-S. 
tourists to cancel visits. It is expect- 
ed that the number will prove be 
twice as high when full figures are 
compiled. 

“That means £40 million in lost 
income;'* Mr. Skoolas said last 

wade, after returning from a visit In 

the United States to tefl travel 
agents that navel to Greece was 
safe. 

“Mr. Reagan said he issued the 
travel advisory for security and I 
have to betiewe him, but we fed we 
were treated unfairly," he said. 
“What’s lost is lost. Now we have 
lo think about the future.” 


(Continued from Page 1) 
Maryland, over the weekend that 
he was odd that a biopsy had re- 
vealed a form of akin cancer. 

The president described news of 
the slrin cancer as “a little heart- 
breaking” because it would restrict 
his exposure to the sun after many 
years of enjoying a tan. 

His wife; Nancy, had a similar 
skin cancer removed from her up- 
per lip in 1982 

■ Mfld Fonn of Disease 


nearby tissue if it is not removed, h 
seldom spreads through the body. 
Prerise estimates of the iriri- 

deoce of the nmo r an* rirfftniTr to 
obtain, because it is so often treat- 
ed routinely in doctors’ offices. 1 of- 
ficials say. The federal Department 
of Health and Human Ser v i ces 
quotes rough estimates of 400,000 
new cases a year of noomelanoma 
skin cancer m the United States. 

Mriflnnwm jg a much lGSS cra m Q n n 

but often dangerous form of 'don 
cancer. J 


South Africa and Ireland, where it 
has been noted that people of Crit- 
ic ancestry, such as Mr. Reagan, are 


chief risk factor is exposure 
to sunlight, but such ranrarx have 
also been found in radiation work- 
ers. 


r to impress the visitors. 

The Noraid delegation traveled, 
with army helicopters overhead, to 
the border village of Ciossmaglen 
in South Ar magh w hich has been 
dubbed “bandit country” because 
of anti-British attacks. 

London, Dublin Washing- 


Research has shown that the 
type of skin cancer that Mr. Rea- 
gan M removed from his nose is 
the most common form of cancer in 
whites, and it is especially preva- 
lent in those who live in sunny 
locales, The Associated Press re- 
prated. 

The «nrff i allaH hasal ceD car- 
rinoma, is rarely dangerous. Al- 
though it can grow and invade 


Chinese Officials Drown 
On Trip to Swedish Me 


ton have repeatedly accused Nor- 
aid of financing fa A terrorism. 


The rfwirti rate from nonmdan- 
oma skin cancer is about 1 percent, 
or about 1,900 deaths a year, 6a t 
most of those Hmtlw are ifa* to 
squamous cell carcinoma, the spe- 

rwiH fnqrt flwimnn torn rf nnritga- 

Imomi «iHti after the bqral 
ceQ carcinoma. 


■i. 


tv higher i ncidence of nonme- 
lanoma skin cancers around. :ti|e 
.world occurs in whites in Australia, 


Rat ten 

STOCKHOLM — Two mem- 
bers of a Ghmcse trade delegation 
drowned Saturday when they fefl 
off a cliff on an island off the coast 
of Sweden, the Swedish news agen- 
cy TT reported. 

The agency said an eight-man 
delegation was visiting the island of 
Ljustero east of Stockholm when 
one of the officials slipped off a 
cliff. He drowned, along with an- 
other man who tried to rescue him. 


Noraid insists it collects money to 
K«»ip the victims of what it terms 
British oppression in the province. 

The Noraid delegation is expect- 
ed to be preset at Roman Catholic 
demonstrations- Friday marking 
the 14th anniversa ry of the Hate 
when scores were rounded up and 
interned without triaL 

A Noraid spokesman in Belfast, 
Richard LaMar, Ins organiza- 
tion believed Catholics have a 
“moral right” to take up arms 
against the British, .who, lie said, 
rule the province in a “vny virion 
and brutal ” 


DALLAS (WP ) — Minutes before it cradled, a Delta Airlines jumbo 
jet had been ordered try die tower at DaBas-Frat Wrath International 
Airport to sbaipity reduce speed to avoid overtaking a slower, smalterjet 
binding whwiH nf it ; federal safety esparto have iftri t M a t The death IQUin 

the crash has risen to 133. 

Thcpilot of FHght 191 campficd, catting his airspeed just as he headed 
Into a violent rainstorm that had a ppe are d without wanting near the 
airport. GiL Patrick Burdey, the National Transportation Safety Board 
member udio is heading the investigation,' said Sunday night. 

Mr. Bmdey said higher air speed was a good way tar a plane to deal 
with the dangers of wmd shear, or rapid chang es in wind speed and 
direction, which is snspccted as the cause of the crash. He said the 
airport’s wind-shear alarm system went off about 14 mhmtes after Flight 
191 crashed. 

When the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar em cxgc d from the turbulent air 
mass, tire tower controller was alarmed to see the plane wefl beneath the 
safe final glide path to the runway and ordered tire pilot to approach 
again. But die controller told investigators that he saw the plane's left 
wing drop, and the ahfiner crashed wdl short of the runway. 


U.K. Group Protests TRambo’ Movie 


\ 


COME TO 




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TRANSFORM YOUR OUTLOOK ON WORLD BUSINESS. 

It is the annual International Business Outlook 
conference sponsored by Oxford Analytica and the International 
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College, Oxford. 

In three challenging days, key senior executives will be 
briefed on the world’s politics, economics, and business prospects, 
region by region, in intimate delegate groups, by leading academic 
authorities. 

Each briefing team comprises senior academic 
contributors to Oxford Anafytica’s Daily Brief and country studies 
for governments and major international companies. 

Each delegate’s specific interests wfll be covered in 
extenave question and answer sessions. 

Spouses may attend free, and there will be an 
extensive social and cultural program culminating in a banquet at 
Blenheim Palace, where the guest speaker will be The Right 
Honourable Dr. David Owen MR, Leader of the Social ' 
Democratic Party, United Kingdom. 

Finally, in addition to the published introductory 
report, delegates wfll receive a comprehensive summary report 

This conference provides senior executives with a 
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tranquil beauty of a great university. 


Leader of Coup in Uganda 
Seeks Unity Among Factions 


LONDON (AP) — A monitoring group co n de m ned “Rambo; First * ( 
Blood Part U” as “96 of mmrBess violence” and urged British * 

film censors Monday to ban the film. 

The - Bri t is h Safety Council, a 30,000-member organization lhat%pro- 
motes prodnet safety .standards, sad it had written to lawmakers and 
local government cooncfls seeking to ban die movie from local theaters. 

Sylvester Stallone plays a Vietnam veteran who rescues American 
Prisoners of wirin Vie tnam The mnvie has theater attends nre n-r^di; jj- 
the United States and is scheduled for release in Britain on Aug. 30. The 
group’s director-general. James Tye, saw the film in New York last week 
and said he found same scenes “only sickening.” 


(Condoned from Page 1) 
that have become central head- 
quarters for the new i^ime. 

Western diplomats say lhal what 
Mr. Museveni wants and what he 
mil do if be does not get it repre- 
sent the main card remaining to be 
played as the new regime begins the 
probes of fo rming a cabinet and 

These sources say Mr. Museveni 


the 


has kept pressure on the newjead- 
iothat' 


en so that he can play a significant 
role in the new government 
How many seals he manages to 
gain could be seen as a symbol of 
how far the new leaden are 

to gO in wwimmnriaring him 
his views ctf how the nation should 
be ran. Western analysts say. 

Colonel Okecho said that until 
the country’s various political par- 
ties came together and agreed an 
how best to form the cabinet no 


r , said no political detain- 
the Obofe regime 
would be released until a full gov- 
ernment had been established. 
Western sources placed the number 
of detainees in dvflian prisons, who 
have, been bdd without charges or 
trial, at about 800l 
When asked about the gross Ira- 
nian rights violations that have 
plagued Uganda, a matter of grave 
concern to the United States and to 
Amnesty International, die Lon- 
don-baaed human right* organiza- 
tion, he sakJ it wouldbeieft to the 
new prime minister and p resident 
to decide whether to invite Amnes- 
ty. International into tire country. 
But be saidbe thought it would be a 
good move lo allow the group in. 

Amnesty International recently 
issued a report of atrocities in 


For the Record 


Vienna police said that, three winegrowers and two dealers were 
detained over the weekend in Austria? investigation of tainted wine 
bringing the total hdd to 32. The five were arrested in towns in lower 
Austria, the police said. (API 

A British go vernmen t decision to abolish the Greater London Conncfl 
next March does not breach the European Human Rights Convention, 
the European Human Rights Commission ruled Monday. (Reuters) 


Poland: Kaleidoscope System 


(Cantoned from Page 1) ■ 

die value of tilings, labor and ser- 
vices. 

Is it possible, in fact, to establish 
a consensus, o o value that would 
embrace those who have zlotys to 
bum and those who make do on a 


be such that the market wall beir 
balance, stores will be full of goods. 


workers will have enough to buy 
and 


be the one. 


If you attend no other conference this year, this should 
Places arc strictly limited and you are urged to apply 


now. 


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Please send me details and registration f orm 


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ANAIYIJCA 

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6-8-85 


new cabinet nffiria'k would be an- 
nounced. He sa id that if leaders of tights. The organization 
parties who had left Uganda were that thousands of people 
afraid to come back, the new gov- h eld by the military in vanoos 
eminent would send a delegation b®™* 5 - 
outside the country , to meet with When manbers of the organiza- 

them, tion asked fra permission to enter 

Brigadier Okeflo, a member of die barracks, tire Obote govern- 
die Achoti tribe, which dormnatts nrent refroed. 

Brigadier Okello nmintginwl 


miqpfT pension? Particularly in a 
Uganda showing that this country society where many goods have 
cranmned to have one of the been scarce and where others have 
world. 8 worst records on h o man been subsidized or provided out- 


right ty the government, and where 
the prices of items are determined 
not by supply and demand but by a 
process of political negotiations. 

While such questions are debat- 
ed in theoretical terms by 



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that his mffitanr forces had killed 
no one. during the coup bnt said he 
had received reports that membexs 
of Mr. Obote’s special security 
forces had mutilated and killed 
more than 100 civilian mm^ women 
land children in the area of toe city 
of Lira in northern Uganda. 

Obote Opponent Gets Post 


The main opposition leade r un- 
der former President Obote was 
appointed Monday as Internal af- 
faire mimrtw miner the mili tary 

government. The Associated Press 


Ssemogerere, leader of the 
De m ocrati c Patty, was sworn in at 
toe Parliament building by Lieu- 
tenant General Tito Okefio, the in- 
terim head of State and chairman of 
the miliiary council that took pow- 
er after the coop. 


concern for Janusz Wodzmski, a. 
director of the Department of 
Prices. At his office, he explained 
how he and Ins colleagues sought to 
establish the value of goods essen- 
tially by weighing needs of con- 
sumers and wishes of prodnoers, 1 
with mud} less regard to costs and 
other market factors. 

He dearly regarded his task as 
frustrating as that erf Sisyphns — 
the king of Greek legend who bad 
to toll a stone tm ahfll in Hades, 
ority to have it ran back down again 
— and perhaps equally thankless. 

“We have to deal," he said, “with 
the expectations of toe consumers 
who natmnlty want the lowest pos- 
sible price and who do not really 
understand the relationship be- 
tween costs, productivity and avafl- 
abflity. And we have.to deal with 
the producers who want to obtain 
the highest mum possible. 

“Then, there is a third set of 



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and will be more productive 
condi rims wfll exist for ^greater risk 
taking ami more fkxflnfity.” 

Each year the parliament ap- 
proves a list of Roods for which 
prices are to be fixed admmistra- . , 
tivdy. Hus group, which accounts 
for 47 percent of the value of goods 
bought by consumers, includes ■ , 
items deemed to be necessities of ^ 
life, indodiiig basic foods and med- 
icines, children’s clothing and 
school notebooks. 

Mr. Wodzinslti said that when a 
decision is made that certain prices 
have to rise; such as in the case of 
bread or mSk, people from his of- 
fice go out to discuss the issue with . 
groups of workers in factories. 

“Sometimes these people under- 
stand that there is a connection 
between cost and supply, but often 
they fed that the government am- 
ply has an obfigatHm to supply ev- 
erything they need. I am afraid that 
our consumers have been spoiled 
by their very poor understanding of 
a very primhrve sodalism.” 

Bin, beyond this, the gap be- 
tween, theory and practice contin- 
ues to thwart price poBries. Re- 
cently, for example, Tadeusz 
Hnpalowda, the head of the Bu- 
reau of Control, winch monitors ' ' 
coujpEanoe with price fixing, wM 
the parliament that 44 percent of 
the prices checked by ms workers 
wire higher than they should have . 
been. He also noted that ISperceal 
of all Polish producers were operate 
ingatak)ffi,evenlhcHigh in the last ' 
year tax relief had increased by - 


Mr. Wodzmski said his office of- 
ten received letters opposing toe 
establishment of axil! tiny islands of 


free markets on the ground that no 
one should be penmtted to pay 
more for things, even if they choose 
to, because tins violated principles 
nf e galitarianism 


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i 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 



ssiafe ^ 

1 & Itafiaos, *3? pn *pne»x 



Page 3 


toMakeU*S. Tobacco Industry liable for Smokers ? IUnesses 


fled 

iicrs 


in 


^--’KasSsl *■ 

satffss- 


«s 

* "** stoned JS®" 1 *wt 
« announ^ a J?*L ? ai PKd 
^andm^^ldownon 

'"*0**^** 10 

Questioned 

•w- 

satssss 

SSS!S!" -fc 2 

SftSssas 

** said m an affidavit 

ff&fflb-*"- 

l Before Crash 

ted. a Delta Airlines jumbo 
S-Fort Worth International 
rtaking a slower, smaller it 


professor al the Utuvasity of California at Los time to bring them tip again. Wc don't have any 
Aagdcs and an mepert on product-liability law. idea what the outcome will be." 

Tne moat proimsing kina of case, he says, would In the past, cams generally took the view that 

, , be bwltftrouad a severely afflicted smoking victim smokers voluntarily assumed the risks of tobacco 

inz maiTon^^nSr^j Umtcd ? to!e ». seek- who became addicted at a young age, before be and that the companies could not be bdd liable 

tobacco coold make a mature, reasoned decision to assume when then: was aoubi about tbe connection be- 
the risk of smoking. Even a narrow ruling for a tween smoking and disease, 

• . ■ plaintiff could gradually be broadened over tbe 

few such actions were boot ***** w other cues, Mr. Schwartz says, with 
nadi3sf*£ • t S m re «bed trial. None potentially “devastating" effects on cigarette man- 
{«tdtcd m afavOTglde wtfict for the plaintiff. So «**»««. 

Tbe tobaccoinduswmaintaifls that there is still 
of coon. such an action, m or cot" no conclusively established connection between 

The niKutm* cigarettes and disease. People who smoke, indus- 

n^JSL 00 ““«<*«**»■- try lawyers argue, do So freely and thus assume 
£ .owari3jg. any rii inwKed. But bewnd that, industry 
«Ww=c spokesmen arc saying lit tk about their strategy or 

EP* 1 

^^^buikm^year tobacco mdutfiy, an- _ “These dams ate really not new/^ said Alan 

At this su 

uobkdy, in 


public awareness of the hazards of smoking, maV» 
tbe time right for a high-powered im p u gn 
against the tobacco companies. 


smoking and disease. 

But over tbe years, courts throughout the nation 
have grown steadily more receptive to all kinds of 
product-liability actions. Under the doctrine of 
“stria liability, plaintiffs can collect damages far 
from a i 


Mr. Galbraith is dead now, and bis widow and 
three children hare brought a wrongful death 
lawsuit against R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co M which 
Tbe tide k chantim v-m. «*- n „Mi „ •• e „;j ^ cigarettes they say killed him. The fault 

Richard A DaJ^J^proSor of S^Nod! foswthto^ 

euian UnivaJiy ud cwtonnao f tS Toh£ 10 9 f , th ^P?' m ^ 1411121 

co 3?S^^ , SSS$S5 


l> formed 
witnesses, legal research and 


group in Boston providing expen 
outer assistance to 


view of Gary T. SdmnSTa law 


Bym of tbe Tobacco Institute, a Washington- 
based industry trade group. “But some attorneys, 
for one reason or another, think that now’s the 


injuries suffered from a dangerous product even if 
the manufacturer was not negligent Even a warn- 
ing by the manufacturer may not be suffidem to 
deter liability if tbe warning fails to cite specific 
risks. 

Meanwhile, the scientific evidence continues to 
implicate cigarettes as a cause of fllncsy and death 
from cancer, heart disease and chronic obstructive 
lung disease such as bronchitis and emphysema. 

The anti-smoking forces believe that tbe dung- 
ing legal climate and mounting medical evidence 
against smoking, coming at a period of a new 


plaintiffs suing tobacco companies. 

One of the first of the new is that of John 
M. Galbraith, a retired insurance company admin- 
istrator in Santa Barbara, California, who smoked 
for five decades, since age 19. The case is expected 
to be tried in Santa Barbara this fall. 

On occasion, Mr. Galbraith tried but failed to 
break his threc-pack-a-day habit, lawyers for his 
family say. Even when he was finally stricken with 


the risks and was physically addicted loagarettes. 

The lawsuit charges that Reynolds and the other 
defendants knew or should have known from 
documented scientific findings that cigarette 
smoking is “lethal'' and leads to cancer. Bring 
addicted, Mr. Galbraith thus could not fredy 
assume the risk of smoking, the family's lawyers 
contend. 

In response, attorneys for Reynolds, in court 
.ttfie 


documents, acknowledged that me company was 

. “aware” of the controversy over cigarette smoking 

cancer and severe emphysema, his wife, Hayne, and lung cancer. But the lawyers argued “it has not 
caught him slipping off his oxygen mask to smoke been scientifically established that cigarettes cause 
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Castro* Denies Vasco 
Is Under House Arrest 


is airspeed just as be headed 
without warning near the 
ransportatkm Safety Baud 
id Sunday night 
od way for a plane to deal 
hanges in wind speed and 
of the crash. He said the 
■oat 14 minutes after Flight 

■cd from the turbulent air 
the plane well beneath the 
ared the pilot to approach 
tat he saw the plane's left 
i of the runway. 

ambo’ Movie 

rondemned “Ram bo: First 
iolence” and wged British 

her organization that pro- 
wriuen to lawmakers and 
tnovie from local theaters, 
an who rescues American 
jeater attendance reconbiD 
: in Britain on Aug. 30t The 

fihninNewYaritisrwek 

ing," 


ere mc two 
■es ligation of tamied wK 
arrested in towns 


By Joseph B. Treaster 

Varfr.Hwo Semce 
HAVANA — Resident Fidel 
Castro has acknowledged that a 
fugitive American Crimea er, Rob- 
ert L Vaco, had been fivina in 
Havana .'and receiving medical 

tr eatmen t But iuail angr y re- 
sponse at a news conference he 
denied tbe financier was bring hdd 
under house arrest in Havana. 

ML Gaittro charged Sunday af- 
ternoon that reports that Mr. Vesco 
was in Cuban custody were an at- 
tempt by U.S. intdligeacc services 
to divert attention from a five-day 
conference on the Latin American 
driit crisis that coded here early 
Sunday mo rning 
Mr. Castro did not specify tbe 
natnre of the medical problems of 
Mr.- Vesco, who is faring sought by 
U.S- authorities in connection vote 
a $224-nnffion fraud case and who 
has often, been reported to be pro- 
viding economic «wnw4i«g to tire 

Mr. SrosSTre did not per- 
sonally know Mr. Vesco, wbo kft 
the United States more; than 12 
years ago. The Cuban trader said 
his government has never had busi- 
ncss dealings with Mr. Vesao. 

For mare than a year, there have 
been persistent reports that Mr. 
Vesco wralnGiti». UndSBndiqv . 
Mr, Castro had said be did not 
know if Mri Vesco was mi the is- 
land. Other government nffiri*!* 
have denied thefinanrier was here 


At the news conference, Mr. Cas- 
tro sad of Ml Vesco: “He came 
..tpe to ask for medical care and 
since then, yes, he was authorized 
to receive this medical assistance. 
And if he wants to live here, let him 
live here" 

Mr. Castro did not sty when Mr. 
Vesco arrived in Cuba or whether 
he was on the island now. But other 
government officials confirmed 
that Mr. Vesco was living in Ha- 
vana. An official raid Mr. Vesco 
bad been here “a few months.** 
“We don't care what he did in 
the United Staten," Mr. Castro 
said. “We’re not interested in the 
money be has. Wie don't care.” 

On Thursday, a crew from NBC 
News photographed a bearded 
man Thai was srio to be Mr. Vesco 
in the waQed yard of a house in 
Havana. After the film was shown 
Friday on NBC’s evening news 
program, the Justice Department 
issued a statement saying that Mr. 
Vesco was under bouse arresL 
They have invented the theory 
that he is under house arrest," Mr. 
Castro said. “I never heard of any- 
thing tike before.” 

Some fti nlpmais and officials in 
the United States, said they be- 
lieved that Mr. Vesco might be pro- 
viding information and business 
contacts; that would enable Mr. 
Casm> to find ways around the 20- 
year U.SL trade embargo against 
Cuba on technology and equip- 
ment. ■ 



Slowing Change on U.S. City Skylines 

Citizen Groups Are Trying to limit High-Rise Buildings 


Among the riches of Beverly Hills, 
a little gem of a hotel. 


Robert L. Vesco, video- 
taped at a bouse in Havana 
by a crew from NBC News. 

Others said that they believed 
Mr. Vesco was paying the Castro 
government thousands of dollars a 
month in exchange for a comfort- 
able refuge. Still others 
that Mr. Vesco might be 
narcotics atid sharing a percentage 
of tbe profit with the Castro gov- 
ernment Mr. Castro has repeatedly 
denied that his country is involved 
in drug trafficking. 

US. officials said previously that 
they had not tried to extradite Mr. 
Vesco because they did not know 
precisely where to find him. 


Am$d Economic Crisis, 
Bolivia Names President 


SSjgfc,.-; 

tied Monday. 1”*^ 

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iS’-Sis 

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mdmorefle^ 
year the 

^3ss & 

riding 

childrens clouds 

lOteboob?- ^ riie®! 

is juade^P 3 ^ ^ 


C^npOribr Ov Swff Fn** Dispatches 

LA PAZ — Vfcttr Paz Esltxur- 
soto was elected jjreskleni of Boliv- 
ia on Monday m a congressional 
vote, inheriting of r gtm America’s 
poorest countries during a severe 

Mr. Priz ; Erienradro, 77, who has . 
bero.praadau three tnrw, is «- 
Lto rakeoffioffTiresday at the . 
of tire seventh Bolirian gov^ 
eminent in five years. No govern- 
ment in the last 25 years has com- 
pleted a foil tarn The previous 
preadeut, Hemin Sics Zmao, Wl 
■office in November, a year esify 
because of increasing pctiitical op- 
posrticaL-. r J : 

The congressional vote was re-, 
(pared because no candidate won 
marc than5Q pcrwal m the July 14 . 
decticn.- Jntio Gacret-Ayflco, 60,- 
was muned vice re a i dwtf . 

The rightist raloeaM Demo- 
cratic Action Party of General. 


Hugo Banzer Suirez, a fooner rul- 
er, won a plurality in the election 
but had no support among the 
small mainly leftist parties making 
up the remainder of Congress. 

On the second ballot, Mr. Paz 
F s ienssoro collected 94 votes, 35 
from outside Ins Revolutionary 
Nationalist Movement He needed 
79 for a majority. General Banzer 
received 51 votes, the number of 
seals bis party holds in Congress. 

Supportes of General Banzer 
predicted that the new president’s 
tenure would be a difficult one. 

“Victor Paz Estenssoro will not 
snrwve," said Uardo Galindo, 
General Barnet's 
candidate. T don't think it is \ 
ble he win last four years. We are 
(be true winnosof this dection and 
be doesn’t have an economic pro- 
gram.” 

Officials agreed on tbe i 
of tbe problems that the new 



for 


$ 


Switzerland. West Germany, Mo- 
rocco and New York. They were 
divorced in 1972. 

■ Other deaths: 

De. Robert St Gordon Jr, 59, 




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Computer Developer Died 
In Airplane Crash in Dallas 

The Associated Press 

MIAMI — Phil® D. Estridge, 

47, who graded tbe devde 
IBM’s pexsanal oomruter 
was -among rix IBM employees 

Idled Friday in the crasfa af a Deha coQ^finaior of research oo 

Air Lines jet ut Dallas, tbe ccsnpa- immnn i» defirieocy syu- 

ny. sakL - drome at the National Institutes of 

Under the leadership of Mr. Es- Health, Friday in Kensington, 
tridge, of New Canaan. Connect!- Maryland, 
cut, IBM developed a personal Mkhd Andfaud, 65, scriptwriter 
computer that was introduced in of more than 100 films spa nnin g 
Angust ; 1981. the postwar history of Frendi cine- 

Pari & Sabeoa, 66^ who retired 
in April after 14 yean as head of 
the American Association of 
School Adutimstratocs, Friday in 
the crash of the Delta Air lines jet 
in Dallas. 

Arthur Mahoney, 81. performer 
with the MettopoBan Opera BaDet 
and Ida Rubinstein productions, 
JiriQiard 


VIcfor Paz Estenssoro 


ministration will face;. Inflation is 
out of control and tin, the main 
export, has fallcxi dramatically in 
value. The foreign debt is about 
$3.6 bitiioa, and no payments have 
been made for 16 months. 

The new president said be would 
fix a realistic exchange rate for the 
peso, which is trading on the blade 
market at more than 10 times the 
official rate, and would can govern- 
ment spending while seeking an ac- 
cord with the International Mtine- 

S ' Fund to reschedule Bolivia's 
L (Reuters, NYT) 


By Robert Lindsey 

New font Times Semce 

SAN FRANCISCO —While (he 
skyscraper is by no means an en- 
dangered species, a growing num- 
ber of city governments in the 
United Stales are being pressured 
to slow or otherwise restrict down- 
town building booms. 

San Francisco's Board of Super- 
visors last month approved a new- 
zoning law designed to limit the 
height and size of office towers and 
to reduce by half the projected em- 
ployment growth downtown over 
the next 15 years. 

Adoption of the plan came after 
more than a decade of complaints 
from San Franciscans that their 
city was being “Manha lionized.” 

Meanwhile, a citizens group pro- 
tests that the law does not go far 
enough. It is circulating petitions to 
place before tbe voters this fall a 
measure that would impose an im- 
mediate moratorium on virtually 
all skyscraper construction. 

Although no other city has so far 
considered restrictions is stringent 
as San Francisco's, groups around 
tbe country are mounting chal- 
lenges to downtown development 
Tbe groups argue that the unre- 
stricted spread of high-rise towers 
can rob a ties of sunlight and open 
space, aggravate traffic, parking 
and housing problems ana other- 
wise reduce the quality of life. 

Philadelphia's City Council re- 
cently approved construction of 
two 60-story office structures that 
will rise 367 feet (1 15 meters) above 
the statue of W illiam Penn that sits 
atop the 550-foot City HalL The 
approval came only after an emo- 
tional effort to bait the project by 
citizens who claimed “Billy Penn's 
nose” was, by long tradition and 
good sense, the highest that build- 
ings there should rise. r 

Proposals to limit construction 
of office towers have also surfaced 
in Boston, Dallas and Los Angeles, 
among other cities. 

In New York, officials have 
weathered citizen protests over the 
enormous bulk of projects planned 
for Times Square and the site of the 
New York Coliseum. Public con- 
cern that the East Side of mid town 
Manhattan was becoming over- 
loaded with sun-blocking towers 
has led to efforts by the city to shift 
future high-density developments 
to tbe west This has triggered pro- 
tests that development could 
threaten the theater district, the 
garment center and other tradition- 
al West Side hallmarks. 


At the turn of the century, Los 
Angeles enacted a law limiting 
buildings to 13 stories, a step large- 
ly intended to encourage develop- 


’’People were 
passive before; now 
they want a say.’ 

Israel S tollman 
executive director, 
American Planning 
Association 


mem of an urban environment dif- 
ferent from the cities of the East. 

.After the law was repealed in 
1957, a forest of glittering new 
buildings ran ging up to 62 stories 
took root downtown, creating 
thousands of new office jobs and 
bringing vitality to the once-decay- 
ing sector. But sentiment has sur- 
faced recently that perhaps tbe 
time has come to turn back the 
clock and impose limits. 

Israel S tollman, executive direc- 
tor of the American Planning Asso- 
ciation, said that in many cities 
there is still support for construc- 
tion of new office buildings, moti- 
vated by a desire to stem a loss of 
jobs to suburban comm unities and 
“to maintain vitality downtown.” 

But, be and others say. even in 
many of these cities there have 
been increasingly vocal efforts by 
residents to protect their communi- 
ties from bang overrun. 

“There’s more active participa- 
tion: by citizens today.” Mr. StoU- 
-man said. “People were passive be- 
lore^now they want a ray.” 


For the moment, planners say, 
local politicians are less likely to be 
moved bv public opposition to new 
projects tiar. they are by economic 
considerations, including the cur- 
rent glut of office space in many 
American dues. 


The Beverly Pavilion is one of two 
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that are run in the European style, 
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proprietor himself. And we offer our 
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Some experts say that in most 
economically hsaliny metropolitan 
areas a cenain amount of high-rise 
construction will occur, in one 
place or another, regardless of re- 
strictions. In Washington, D.C., for 
example, buildings taller than the 
U.S. Capitol have long been 
barred. The result has been a surge 
of office-tower construction m 
nearby Virginia. 

Still, as America shifts increas- 
ingly to a service-oriented economy 
based in the cities, and as more 
middle-class professionals mak e 
their homes there, many planner s 
ray citizens will continue to ask for 
a larger voice in the growth and 
shape of their communities. 


Meese Leads U.S. Drive 
On Marijuana Farms 

Untied Press International 

WASHINGTON — Federal 
agents spread out Monday across 
the United States to uproot mari- 
juana plants bidden in such federal 
lands as national parks and forests, 
and Attorney General Edwin 
Meese 3d planned to join agents in 
a raid in Arkansas. 

“This massive coordinated effort 
signals the resolve of tbe Reagan 
administration to deal effectively 
with widespread cultivation and 
sale of marijuana grown within our 
borders," Mr. Meesesaidin a state- 
ment. 


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Kjfler Is Sentenced 
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United Press International 

WARSAW — A court in (be 
seaport erf Gdansk on Monday sen- 
tenced to death an electrician for 
an eight-year wave of sex attacks in 
which he was accused of battering 
nine women to death with a hap* , 
raer and injuring II others. 

The man, Pawel Tuchlin, 39, 
married with two children, had 
pleaded innocent. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 



Soviet Youth Festival: Tight Control With Warm Experiences 


By Seth Mydans 

Yew York Tima Service 

MOSCOW — By the time the weddong youth 
festival was over, John Bal a social worker with young 
■ : people in New York City, had given away 500 small 

U.S. flags, 2X) pins showing the Empire State Build- 
ing, 40 bronze models of the Statue of liberty and 
nearly 1,000 picture postcards of New York. 

The pins he got in exchange, honoring Soviet holi- 
days, towns and public figures, covered so much of his 
denim jacket that he jingled slightly as he walked. 

•They may have had their own propaganda reasons 
for holding the festival’' he said. v But I had my own 
reasons for coming — to make personal contacts with 
people from other conn tries. And from my point of 
view the festival has been a success.” 

Mr. BaTs experiences during the eight days illustrat- 
ed something of the mixture of tight official control 
and warm individual experiences. 

The 12th International Festival of Youth and Stu- 
dents came loan end Saturday night with a spectacu- 
lar iwm Stadium ceremony with dancers, singexs and 
fireworks. 

Organizers said young people from 157 natrons 
attended the festival, which featured symposiums on 
propaganda themes such as imperialism and racism, as 
wdl as an enormous anti-war pageant in the Dynamo 
Stadium. 

Most of (he participants were from Soviet bloc 
nations or Communist and leftist groups that support 
Soviet positions. But some, like Mr. Bal woe lured by 

thff thnnghi nf making friends across ideological bam- 
ers. 


from the anti-Americans in the American delegation,” 
Mr. Bal said. 

The UJL delegation appeared to be dominated by 
activists, for whom the festival was one more among 
many causes. A bulletin board at the dub set up far 
Americans displayed flyeis on tow to spot racism and 
sexism in driMren-’s literature, the many uses of rice, 
improvements in women’s prisons and what an indi- 
vidual could do about ah pollution. 

“I mmrider myself in the m iddle, a Democrat, and I 
□ever expected to find myself defending America like 


1 wu one of tteaocsirilbiigy hands oa the fkfr” hyamn wtoMeiilffiedhiiiisdf » Nikolai, diitf of 


be said, “and we carried it the right way up.' 

But when his grasra came upon a grotq> of Cubans 
chanting. “Cuba, si! Yankee, oof and when it became 

evident the Cubans were serious, he said, “They derid- 
ed to put the flag away.” 

At this point, Mr. Bal said, he derided to attach a 
small U.S. flag' to his jacket, and discovered what an 
attraction it made him. 


security. 

Ihe man called Nikolai asked him about he atti- 
tude toward Me festival When Mr. Ba l said he had 
been impressed by the opening ceremony and was 
enjoying meeting new friends, he was told: “JtaRnsria 
we have an expr e ss ion that one may be marching in 
***&*. mard^m ^ 

not demonstrate the 


^^^il^KpmsandaboutJO 

postcards," hesakL^mim^s& my name 100 proper fgavrfspmtMnB ai Md i wi t the embassy, be 


A man asked h™ about his attitude toward the fealivaL When 
Mr. Bal said he had been impressed by the ceremony and was 
enjoying meeting new friends, he was told: "In Russia we hare 
an expression that one may be inarching in step, but not 
marching in step correctly. 


and was trade to fed welcome. 

Mr. Bal who said he served during the Vietnam 
Warm the U.& Navy at Part Harbor, repotted he had 
some misHvings about a meeting that was set up with 
Vietnam. At the encounter, he 
in 


rt 


UJS. delegation to the festival marches into the stadium. “I didn't run into much anti-Americanism, except 


a right-winger," said Mr. BaL “But I guess I just 
couldn't continue to hear things that seem basically 
unfair in criticizing America." 

He said the divisions among the 276 Americans at 
the festival became evident on the first day, when the 
group be was in debated whether to march to the 
ceremony with a UJS. flag and, if so, whether to cany 
the flag upside down — an international distress 

Signal - 


times. They even stood in line to tdlme they wanted 
peace and friendship with America." 

He sad Us troubles within the US. d e leg atio n 
began when he ami a dozen others discussed vis itin g 
the UiL Embassy to hear its answers to Soviet charges 
that it apposed tbe festival. 

After some debate among the Americans, Mr. Bal 
was escorted by a Soviet guide into a back roam for 
what, he said, ‘*1 guess amounted toan interrogation* 


Vietnam and landed out some of his souvenir flags, 
pins and statues. 

"Some of tla Viet nam ese came up afterward and 

shook nw hand,” he sakL “I was rcaBytoodted.it was 
like, We want to forget and mow ml' ” 

Then, he said, Kim Phpc, who at tteageof 9 was the 
subject of one of the most famous photographs of the 
Vietnam War — severely burned and running down a 
road without dothing after a napalm bombing — 
approached him ^ gave him a small ring. 

He said tbe gesture overwhelmed him. 

“I was so excited," he said. “I almost wanted to 



moments tor me, other than being interr og ate d by 
Nikolai.” 


Politician’s Murder in I 


By Steven R. Wei smart 

New York Tima Service 

NEW DELHI —The murder of 
a popular young member of Ptirha- 
ment and bis wife last week has 
jolted the government of Prime 
Minister Rajiv Gandhi and stirred 
concern among India’s politicians 
that SftH extremists could have 
j iled an assassination list. 
killing has also prompted 
recriminations over tbe role played 
by well-known politicians in the 
anti-Sikh rioting that erupted fol- 
lowing the assassination of Prime 
Minister Indira Gandhi last Octo- 
ber. 

Lalh Maken, 34, was shot and 
killed Wednesday at his home in a 
middle-class area in western New 
Delhi. Witnesses said two young 
gimmt»n fired at him and th en 

chased Mm inside the house. A visi- 
tor in the house was also killed. 

Mr. Maken's associates in the 
Congress (I) Party have said that he 
was killed by Sikh extremists be- 
cause be had been named by two 
prominent citizens investigatory 
groups as an instigator of anti-Sikh 
rioting after Mrs. Gandhi's assassi- 
nation. Mr. Maken denied such a 
rale. 

The allegations and their after- 
math raxseatteposribility dial oth- 
er politicians name d by the citizens 
groups, mdmling many leaders cf 
die governing Congress Party, 


might themselves become targets. 

The government tightened secu- 
rity around some of theotho- polit- 
ical figures named by (he dt fyeno 
groups. The politicians whose 
names were mentioned angrily de- 
nounced the citizens groups for sin- 
gling them out. 

Some investigators and newspa- 
per stories have suggested that Mr. 
Maken, a fiery labor union leader 
and outspoken Socialist, might 
have been murdered by rival politi- 
cal groans or labor grou ps. 

Mr. Maken’s family and friends 
reject this, and even some Sikh 
lodes say privately that they sus- 
pect Sikh extremists. 

Jagdish Tyder, 40, a parliamen- 
tary ally of Mr. Maken, was among 
those convinced that his close 
friend had been killed because of 
being named as a riot instigator. 
Mr. Tytler also was named. 

He called tbe charge irresponsi- 
ble, and said the evidence men- 
tioned by the groups was distorted 
and erroneous. 

“Now there are misguided peo- 
ple who really believed what is 
written in that report," Mr. Tytler 
said. “False stories have been 
spread about me and other people, 
and now we are in danger” 

The latest charges came just as 
Mr. Gandhi had achieved a break- 
through in efforts to end the con- 
frontation with the Sikhs. . 


lia Ignites Wider Fears 

Another report put out by the 
lie's Union tar Democratic 


The prime minis ter and Sikh 
leaders reached an accord last 
month granting more autonomy to 
the state of Punjab, where SOchs are 
in the majority, ami promising 
more lwifent treatment for Sikhs 
arrested in recent years.' In addi- 
tion, the accord promised more 
compensation for tbe victims of the 
anti-Sikh rioting last year. 

The controversy surrounding the 
riots jUnstrates the important role 
they still play in Indian politics. 
About 2,400 fobs were estimated 
to have been killed in New Delhi 
alone after two Sikh security 
guards were charged in-Mrs. Gan- 
dhi's awBHarinatinn. 

According to witnesses, the at- 
tacks were actually an organized 
pogrom against Sikhs. Many wit- 
nesses said they saw wdl-known 

pnlifiraans tending the nttarkit, m 

which Sikh men were taken from 
their homes, beaten and set on fire. 

The witnesses also said tbe police 
stood by and did nothing to stop 
the violence, and in some cases 
even encouraged and took part in 
it. They also said that key politi- 
cians were seen trying to get the 
police to release some of the few 
who were seized. 

The accounts of the witnesses 
were later collected in three sepa- 
rate reports by respected citizens 
groups, including one headed by a 
framer chief justice: 


_ ts and the People’s Union for 
Civil Liberties named 16 izadrriBL- 
uals it said had been seen helping to 
foment the disorder. Among those 
named were Mr. Maken, Mr. Tftier 
and KJL Bhagai, a former minister 
of state for information and broad- 
casting. 

ini Kothari, president of the 
Le’s Union fra C3vH Liberties, 
said there was a debate over wheth- 
er to name the pofttidans, and it 
was derided to print them becafee 
the evidence was nvwwhrimiiy- 
To this day nobody has been 
able to challenge the facts in Me 
report," Mr. Kothari said, r 
' tut the names hud beat 
known among Sikhs before the 
port came oul £ 

Mr. Kothari ackno w ledged that 
tbe list of 16 pohtirians might cause 
a small number Of Sikhs to tdrc 
revenge. But be said naming males 
had been a vital step in easin g l|t- 
temess among Sikhs and helped 
assure that the pgpe tr ators nngfat 
one day be brought to justice. » 
He said this helped pave the way 
for a solution to toe con f rontation 
with Sikhs and added, “Onr 
was written cm the basis or 
investigation conducted by _ 
who believe in human righ ts " 

Tbe furor over the reports is 1 
ly to put increased pressure on 



Talks Between Koreas: Jcausebki 
Hope for Less Tension Says Dissent 


By John Burj 

Washington Post Sonet 

SEOUL — North and South Ko- 
rea, after a series of false starts, are 
m the midst of five sets of negotia- 
tions covering issues ran g in g from 
trade to reunification of families 
that were separated by die Korean 
War. 

The talks have accomplished 
nothing of substance so far, and 
many people here expect them to 
break; down, as have all previous 
discussions between the two hostile 
g over nm ents. 


Lafit Maken, whose assas- 
sination has Indian politi- 
cians concerned over the 
plans of Sikh extremists. 

judicial commixskxa created by Mr. 
Gandhi to look into the anb-S3ch 
riots. 

But officials, with the commis- 
sion say they have had difficulty 
oicouraging witnesses to come for- 
ward. Critics charge that the cam- 
mind nn has narrowly defined its 
scope and may not aggressively 
puisne charges that semor pohti 
dans were in v olv ed. 


Stffl, coupled with changes rathe prefimmary meeting in 
geopolitical relations surrounding jnm last awnS^Med to 
the Korean peninsula, the tafia what the xuhiect of Ml di 


Hcralb^Seribunc 



on Sept. 28. 

• Sports cooperation. In Octo- 
ber; the two sides are scheduled to 
meet in Switzerland to discuss joint 
activities in connection with the 
1988 Olympics, which are sched- 
uled to be held in SeonL 

• Military disengagement at 
Pamnranjom. The North proposed 
last month that the two sides re- 
move heavy weapons and fortifica- 
tions from the area around the 
meetingsfreand reduce the number 
of guards from 65 to 30 on each 
side. The Unfed Nations com- 
mand, which coordinates US. and 

' ' \ South Korean troops, agreed to 

Moslems Threaten Morula With Renewed Rebellion 


peninsula, 
have led to hopes that some type of 
reduction of tension could result. 

The five sets of negotiations are 
p roceed in g skrwiy and in parallel 
with face-to-face meetings most of- 
ten being held at the traoe viflage of 
Pannmnjam in thB-denrifitamed 
zone that divides the Korean pen- 
insula. 

The issues are: 

• Economic cooperation. The 
two sides have agreed to set up a 
commission to oversee the reopen- 
ing of bilateral trade and invest- 
ment, which was suspended before 
the Korean War began in I95GL 


Is Collapsing 

Cross societies at both the North 

and South have agreed in principle . 

to allow visits between separated WARSAW — General Wojtacch 

famfiy members in September. But Jaruzdsld, opening the rating 
they are on where the Communist Party’s campaign for 

reunions would take place and on the October decoons, ,assaikd nn- 
who would accompany Me family derground activists of the banned 
members. On Aug. 27, a South Kb- Solidarity trade union who have 
roan delegations to ^o to Fyong- caDed for a boycott of the polling, 
yang fra more discussions on hn- A minority of “intransigent ene- 
mantfarian koim mics of socialism were iiopdessly 

• Cooperation between pariia- stuck m the dying structures of the 
meats. Members of parliament underground," the Polish leader 
from the two conducting a said at a m eetin g of the party s 
'in Parnmm- Gmtral Committee. 

agree an However, he said, thousands of 
what the subject of full discussions former Solidarity members are ac- 
sbould be but agreed to meet again tree in the party and provide the 


2 FORI 

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By Lena H. Sun 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — A Philip- 
pine Moslem guerrilla faction has 
told the United States that the gov- 
ernment of President Ferdinand E 
Marcos faces renewed rebellion in 
the fall unless it lives up to 1976 
agreements for more autonomy 
and economic rights fra tbe coun- 
try’s Moslem population. 

Dimas Pundato, chairman of the 
executive council of the Mono Na- 
tional liberation Front, said his 
forces would “take up the armed 
struggle!" in November if a political 
settlement could not be reached. 

Mr. Pundato and the front’s in- 
ternational spokesman, Macapan- 
ton Abbas, met last week with State 
Department, Pentagon and Na- 


tional Security Council officials. 
UJS. officials declined to elaborate 
on the discussions, but a State De- 


partment official said: “We main- 
tain an open-door policy. We will 
talk to anyone with a responsible 
point of view.” 

The renewed Modem demands 
come at a time when the Philippine 
armed forces arc already under se- 
vere strain figh ting a Communist 
insurgency, particularly on the 
southern island of Mindanao. 

Most of the Philippines’ mil- 
lion Modems hye an Mindanao 
and the neighboring Sulu archipel- 
ago. Moslems make up about 5 
percent of a population that is 
mostly Catholic. 

A source dose to tbe Mores said 
their aim was “to have the United 
States use its moral authority and 
put pressure an the Philippine gov- 
ernment” to meet their demands. 

Although Mr. Pundato says 
there are many ideological dashes 
between Me More front and the 
Communists, he acknowledged 


that local commanders have coop- 
erated with Communist guerrillas. 
But if an agreement can be readied, 
Pundato said his Modem forces 
could hdp Manila fight tbe Com- 
munists. ’ 

The Mraoinsurgoicy reached its 
height in tte mid-1970s, when com- 
bating titc rebels occupied as much 
as 70 percent erf the combat battal- 
ions in the Phflippme armed forces, 
some analysts say. 

Some obser vers in the Philip- 
pines and the United States have 
said the Phflippme military was so 
tied up with fi ghting Me Modems 
at that tiine that they paid little 
attention to Me Communists. Now, 
a decade later, the phenomenon 
may be reversed, these observers 

Tta Moslem insurgency died 
down after a cease-fire and the 
1976 agreement negotiated in Trip- 
oli, libya, with the Marcos govern- 


ment Many of the major fiddcom- 
mandera have since surrendered, 
and the leadership of the front, 
which is backed by Saudi Arabia 
and other moderate Islamic states, 
subsequently has split into at least 
three major factions. 

Mr. Pundato, whose group is be- 
lieved to be among the mare mod- 
erate factions, says he has 5^000 to 
6,000 armed rebels under his com- 
mand, with 12,000 in reserve. 

Under the 1976 accord, Mr. 
Marcos agreed to create an autono- 
mous region out of ]3 Maro prov- 
inces with its own Moslem-led gov- 
ernment, an integrated 
peacekeeping force and a freely 
elected local assembly that would 
recognize traditional Moslem laws. 

Philippine Embassy officials 
here say they have dosed the 
case” on secession and that Mr. 
Pundato does not speak for the 
majority of Moslems. 


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(Continued from Page 1) 
roaming the township. June 26: 
Three mack youths are found dead 
in the street, their hands mutilated 
by hand grenades that were appar- 
ently rigged and exploded prema- 
turdy. July 6: Five more blacks 
died. July 22: Five buried. Mis. 
Skosana burned and television 
age of her death is presented as 
a justification for the rrarcssion. 

When Duduza exploded, outad-* 
era may have wondered why, but 
those who lived there felt, as one 
said, “This was not sur p risin g at 
all because grievances bad been 
festering for the past 23 years." 

It is hard, too, for those caught 
between the activists of their own 
color and the emblems of white 
authority. 


idea is that by starting with snail 
issues, the two sides can build trust 
that wifl allow them to move on to 
tbe substantive mflriaiy and pofiti- 
cal questions that divide Korea. 

Seoul continues lo view the talks 
wito suspicion. A government offi- 
cial here said that the North’s true 
intention is to create just enough 
trust to open a direct channel of 
discussion with the United States 
and bypass tbe South. 

The North's long-established 
stance is that die removal of UJ5. 
troops from the South must be the 
first step toward real recoooHa- 
tion. The United States and tbe 
South have refused, saying the 
troops are needed to deter an inva- 
sion from across the damfitaxized 
zone. 

Hopes for real progress are high- 
er today than in thepastbecauseof 
pressure on both sdes from their 
patron states, the United States 
and Japan fra the South, and China 
and the Soviet Union for the 
North. 

China’s role is viewed as growing 
more important as it moves closer 
to the United States and Japan. As 


base at new, legally sanctioned 
trade umonsL 

Many farmer Solidarity mem- 
bers were elected in last year's local 
elections, he added, and they were 
cert ain to be candidates fra tbe 
polls on Ocl 13. That poll will be 
the first general election since the 
labor upheaval of 1980. 

As bead of the party. General 
Jaiuzdski gave tbe meeting’s clos- 
ing speeches Saturday. The speech 
was not released in full until Mon- 
day fay the official news agency, 
PAP. 

Western diplomats noted that 
General Jaruzdski drew a dear dis- 
tinction between what he called 
“extreme" activities of the under- 
ground and most former Solidarity 
members. 

“It is not possible to put all for- 
mer Solidarity activists m one cate- 
gory the general said. 

The Central Committee meeting, 
a diplomat said, illustrated the 
growing confidence of Me party - 
that the underground movement 
was no longer a significant political 
force. 

General Jaruzelsia assailed the 
underground fra its opposition to 
elections, new trade umons and Me 
government’s policy of more sdf- 
-management m enterprises. “They 
do not offer any positive solu- 
tions,” he said. 

“It is bard to call Mem opposi- 
tion," he continued. “It is a clinical 
example of political madness." 

He said underground activists 
still tried to “cultivate political zHn- 
sons." 

Tbe fewer listeners 


ftt Attl Ta to me united states and Japan. As 

At a funeral the day the state of said, “that we have the right to say MS MAX^JUrtfM part of its vast modernization pro- 

emergency was imposed in Cra-,. what is good and what is not good/’ J7 « g raw gram, it has sought to secure peace 

dock, one speaker suggested thai When boycotts rtf white-owned M.UT ulffcQ^ ilgre 
those who did not heedacall for a Mops occur, not everyone loses. ^ 


boycott of white-owned shops Alfred Makwela/fra ins t anc e, is 
would face retribution from these the, black owner of a supermarket 
committed to enforcing Me boy- in a township near Fart Elizabeth, 
cott. His store is packed with Dcoole 

That was shortly after advocate*. conmi^ and bjante^ 
til a boycott had stripped shoppera. 

of iroods boueht in wfadto-OTraol. .«■** He answered, “Not 
siuJsM iStHizabeihMdm^fi 100 bad *" hat said 

ti^tkar packages into Ihc^rerts... "*^^ ^ ^ 

At another funeral in Soweto, ii^ loss, Me genre umrae of futility. A 
a small church, a young blacky bereaved father in Zwide, near Prat 
woman who withheld her name? Elizabeth, expressed sadness Satur- 
from repor ter s gave a speech in# day, shortly after his son died of a 
which she said her mother had not* bullet wound, but added, “I cannot 
wished her to attend a political fo-£ say that there will be any change 
neral rally. “But I tola ter." sher since my son is dead." 


New York Tima Service 

UNITED NATIONS, New 
York — United Nations officials 
have announced that distribution 
of emergency food aid and otter 
relief supplies has si gnificantly un- 
proved m the northern. Ethiopian 
provinces of Eritrea and Tigrc. But 
relief agencies representing the two 
provinces chflll engrri the ftndmgs. 

The UN report comes amid criti- 
cism that the authorities in Adds 
Ababa, tbe Ethiopian capital, have 
been Mocking aid shipment*; to the 
two provinces, which are largely 
controlled by forces fighting fra 
independenc e . 


Diplomats said the elections 
would further test the credibility of 
Solidarity^ undcxmuund after its 
call for widesprcad strikes against 
price rises last month went largely 
unheeded. 

Lech Walesa, who had led the 
onflawed union, said from the port 
of Gdansk that he had no immedi- 
ate response to General Janrzdskfs 


peace 

and stability in Southeast Aria. It 
has opened major trade with Me 
SouM and is believed to be strongly 
counseling the North to cooperate 
in Metalb. - 


The Central Commttee mceting 
Though it recently began supply- crated the party’s election earn- 
ing Pyongyang with its fint MiG- ^8“ a PPr° vc d ils fist of can- 
23 jets, the Soviet Union is general- ( ™ ates - 
ly held here to be a moderating - - 


- to attend a political fu-S say that 
r . “But I tola ter,” she^ since my 

South Africa Tries 16 Dissidents for Treason 

* *1116 Ethiopian government was 


force on the Noth. The United 
States is also mo d erniwng the 
South Korean armed forces. 

Though the Korean War ended 
32 years ago. Me two rides have 
remained almost totally sealed off 
from one another. 

The meetings generally open 
with ritual smiles and talk of Kor&- 
an brotherhood. But once .discus- 
sions begin, both sides treat Me 
minutest detail with suspicion. 


JVditr York Tuna Service 

JOHANNESBURG — Sixteen 
prominent opponents of SouM Af- 
rica’s white minority government 

went on trial for treason Monday 

in the lamest prosecution of its gest nonpariiamenttiiy opporii 
kind since Nelson Manddja, leader movement in the country, opened' 

the Natal pro-' 


of the outlawed African National 


Congress, was jailed in 1964. If : held fra 14 days, but that period 
convicted, they conld face the i can be extended for a further two 
death sentence. it weeks at the gcwenimenFs wish. 

' The trial of 16 leaders from the * According to Me police count, 
United Democratic Front, the big-'i’ L 3 * 9 persons are now being held 

— . -« .... * ander the emergency powers, 

which give the police and army 
unlimited authority of search and 
after iy arrest within the emergency area, 
ictoria Mxcnge, In Durban, Araichand 


in Piet ermari 
vinrial capital 
assHssmahnn of 


fires Break Qut 
In Rough Uplands 
North ofMonaco 

Room £ 

NICE— A forest Jfifo brake out 


T I * rfi | n t l ■ ww i w i w ii u u wi timuiui wiAtug , 

LeaKJBg lanKerroUnteS an attorney cm the defense team £ oMOfMelworronwhitepQfiticians 

Beach on Danish Island Oppoation figmes, aigumg 

most of those detained undere 
The Associated Press gMCy pOWOS bdOOg tO Me Ul 

AALBORG, Denmark — Strong Danocratic Front at its affD 5 

winds Monday drove heavy fuel oil maintain that Me authorities 

from a leaking West German tank- mounted a crackdown designed to 
er onto the beaches of Me Danish' destroy the ri r g ^ ntrarinn 

idaod of Laesoe in tbe Kattegat to a state tfemogffi entered Dfe»BlHtfKais2toIfaly 
Strait. . its third week, meanwhile, the «wx 

Some of the ofi was carried by Monties extended Me 
Me tide into coastal wetlands, ac- which detainees may be 


indnded in President Fitter W. 
Botha’s cahinet as a token of racial 
j^foon last year, aid Mat what 
deemed to be & hand grenade was 
thrown at his home Sunday night 
but caused no injuries. 


derations near the . ErancfrHajy 
border Monday, and anmft were 
called in to fight the blaze, police 


Ratten 


under FORMIA, 


w — Two men 

grading to environmental anthori- onergencyn^ilatioas affecting 36 were ltifled sod about 20 persons 
ties. More Man 100 oil-soaked magisterial cl &icts. Detainees, un- hyured Saturday in. an explosion at 
birds had to be destroyed. der emergency powers, nay be be Me Seven Up, a discotheque: 



making only a token effort to dis- 
tribute emergency supplies in the 
area and uiat most supplies 
readied the area from Sudan. 

More than 75 percent of da 13 

million people affected ' by Me 
droughtin Mepravmces are receiv- 
ing food aid, according to the re- 

C which followed what a United 
ms spokesman called the most 
comprehensive review of Me situa- 
tion since idirf operafions began 
last foil ■ The center of the fire was report- 

ed tote aorM of Footatiabout 20 

A multinational team, ioefodiny miles (35 kflcjoetm) northeast of 
representatives of the United Na- Monte Cido. - V-v 
turns, the United States; the EMio- Five firemen woe kifled last 

{nan government and private rdirf week and about 130 people hguied 
groujK. spent foar days ia Eritrea in a fire Mat swept across more 

Man 10,000 acres (4^000 hectares) 
of forests war Cannes. * 

In Corsica, pcfice sd3 Mat fii»- 
fighters and airaafthadccraitrolled 
brush fires that brpkc out in the 
north ovra the 1 


it;. JOS* 


and Tigre last week- the misrion 
. indnded Dawit Georgjs, director 
of EtMofna’s Relief and^Rehabili- 
tation OwwniBfo«i, - knd an nffiriw! 
from Me US. Embassy in Addis 
Abdn. 


Tank for Vodka, 
ACzechReports 

The Associated Prat 

FRANKFURT — A Soviet 
tank crew lost during maneu- 
vers in Czechoslovaks 
swjqipcd ttttar tank fra 24 hot- 

tks of vodka, plus somehtxring 
and piddes, and woe found 
rieqimg off the liquor m afra^ 
est two days later. Frankfurter 
ABgememe Zeitung reported in 
its weekend issue. 

The account was in an article 
by Ota Filip, a Czechoslovak 
author who lives in Mumdh. 

Readied by tdephcunc at ht* : 
home, Mr. Hlb said Mciackl 
dent occurred last fall. 

Warsaw ..Fact maneuvers, 
said be learned about it threc,v 
weeks ago in a letter from 

able sources.; 

The aepotmt, based oh a 
Bee report, slid the s 
occurred in a village where 
crew; tort, hungry .am 
parked Me tank bdiind a tavectii^ 
on a Eziny night and strarky. 
deal wiM Me tHvemieqper. Ab- 
cording to the account, the shell 
of the tank was fousd behind 

the tavern after it hsd been cat 
up forscrap metaL .. .. 











r * e nce s 




••'■.' ' ' - 

•'*.!• *-.j* 5'-- •' 


rbiir mk 


SS?3SS 


^^aplaneioidi", 151 # 
’^otc^rapfa. - 


aruzekki 
a ysDissent 
» Collapsing 

Reuters 

ARSAW — General Wqjdd 
zelski, opening the rulim 

2"““* 5“V* campaign™ 
■KUwer elections, assailed to- 
xmnd activists of the banned 
anty trade union »ho hn 
i for a boycott of the pofa 
minority of “intransigpmw. 
<rf socialism" were ‘Tiopei^ 
in the dying structures of fc 
rground." the Polish bde 
at a meeting of the pan?! 
al Committee. 

■wever, he said, thousands rf 
t Solidarity members are* 
n the party and provide de 
of new, legally sanctioned 
unions. 

ny former Solidarity men- 
■’ere elected in last year's local 
jns, he added, and they wen 
o to be candidates for th 
on Oct. 13. That poll will be 
rst general election since th 
upheaval of 1980. 
head of the party, Geuen) 
rida gave Ok meeting's cta- 
jeech on Saturday.The speed 
tot released in full until Moo- 
by the official news agency, 

stem diplomats noted that 
ja!Sas\nrisSQdrc« adeanfr 
ton between what he ofl» 
xmt" activities of the mt 
aid and most former SofifiofF 
there. 


is rot possible B>pauur- 
solidarity actns&mmajc- 
" the general sat 
it Central Commtw®®k < 
ploraa: said, * 
ing confidence rf & P®* 
the underground nwg 
to longer a tigniftf^P oin,a 

meral 

mound for ns 

nunents pofcytjf ^ 

s ’S'sisz 

rVSAjjSS 

- he continued. I«* . 


31 

?r3:i32 


;»•* • L John Burgess 


- INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 

Hiroshima: At 8:16 A.M., Horrific Era Began 

40 Years Later, Residents Are Infused With the Quest for Disarmament 


\ ;; . ■ . V; . - HIROSHIMA 

•’ *« sound From Hiro- 
1 ; ste»a s Peace Memorial Park each 
***“8 a 8:16 mark the precise 
bmettafte atomic bomb exploded over 
the ,™u 5 >ttbng aty in 1945 am! the 
ynM «wed from one age to another. 

, Yoatove to be close, however, to bear 
them. A few blocks from the park, the 
i® 81 * hist in the din 0 f streetcars, 
. whistles and clattering feet, a modem 
mdtwfaal city of more than a million 
people is gearing up for a new day. 

. pre the sounds of morning here, Hiro- 
shima s goals as it prepares for this day, 
Aug. 6, which marks the 40th anniversary 
of the day the clocks stopped, axe an 
tmfikely mixture of material wealth and 
spintual leadership' in the global cam- 
paign against nuclear weapons. 

The pleasure boats moored along 
Peace Park are- proof of success of the 
first goaL But people lwre are concerned 
that the fight for. disarmament is falter- 
ing, that the world is forgetting the hor- 
rors of nuclear weapons and will use 

them a gain 

The atomic bomb is always there in 
the back of my mind," said Terukazu 
Ooshige, IS. a mgh school student. It is a 
signature remark in a dty where only a 
small number of people are professional 
activists but everyone cares. 

It was a dear Monday morning when a 
B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, appeared 
high over Hiroshima, which stands on a 
series of islands in the Ota River estuary. 
The plane was carrying a 10-foot-long 
uranium bomb, : code-named Little Boy, 
with the explosive power of 20,000 tons 
of TNT. 

At the time.' the United States was 
preparing for an nmaoa of the Japanese 
mainland, which was expected to cause a 
million casualties. It was hoped in Wash- 
ington that this bomb and others would 
force a derision to surrender and end the 
need for the invasion. 

The bomb descended by parachute, 
and, as sdhooichildren here can explain; 
was detonated 1.900 feet(abput 600 me- 
ters) above the city center for maximum 
destructive effect The heat, for an instant 
a£ high as ^300,000 degrees centigrade, 
blistered^ xbof tiles, melted glass and 
stripped ilm skin of homan tengs. The 
blast ruptured intestines, buckled con- 
crete bridgfcs and flattened bouses on top 
of their occupants. ' 

The bomb- mdnmtod five square 
miles of homes and workplaces. Win- 
dows as far 85 .10 asks <16 kilometers) 
away.' were blown at: The mushroom 
doud rose seven utiles into the sky. The 
.nuxribcx vdio were Jailed T3ninediatelyhffi - 
been estimatedby U.S. authorities at 
'78,150: ; 

Three days later, a second bomb oblit- 
erated Nagasaki, another coastal city 175 
miles to the southwest, killing an estimat- 
ed 39,000. Six days after that, Japan sur- 
rendered. • 

The agonywasjust beginning, howev- 
er In ensuing yearvmany people wbo 
survived theblasts began suffering from 
horrible radiation-linked diseases — leu- 
kemia, breast cancer, rumors and fatigue. 
Tens of thousands more <fied and bomb- 
related deaths continue today. 

“Are year still alive? For many years, 
that was our' hello,” recalls Satoru Ki- 
tagawa, a retired government employee 
who received only braises in the explo- 
sion but spent years going from doctor to ' 
doctor with ailments he believes were 
caused by 'radiation. 

I N view, of this past, visitors to Hho* 
shiroa are often surprised to find so 
few physical signs oC the destruction. 
Only one ruin remams, ttea>omiercial 
exhibit hall whose rusting-dome has be- 
come a symbol of the city. Office build- 
ings crowd in on Peace Park. In most 
Hiroshima is indistinguishable 
from a dozen other medium-sized cities 
in Japan. 



A primary school building 


above, two 


months after an atomic 


bomb was dropped on the 


Japanese city of Hiroshima. 


At right, the rebuilt city is 


reminded of its past daily 


chimes ring at 8:16 A.M; 


the precise moment on Ang 


6, 1945, that the bomb 


leveled the city and killed 


78,000 people. 


Economic life revolves around the 
Mazda Motor Carp., the largest employ- 
er. Two huge plants on the riverfront 
employ about 28,000 people and turn out 
□early a million vehicles a year. Other 
factories produce industrial machinery, 
furniture and electronics products. 

Life after working boors revolves 
around the Hiroshima Carp, the team 
that in 1984 swept the Japan Series, the 
championship of professional baseball in 
this country, and is going strong this year. 
The home stadium is a few yards from 
Ground Zero. The team has probably 


done more than anyone to diversify Hiro- 
shima’s image. 

People in Hiroshima have the same 
mundane concerns of urban existence ev- 
erywhere. Mobsters known asyofaca are 
said to be growing strong arid putting 
pressure on construction firms. The dty 
and national governments are squabbling 
over facilities vacated when part of a 
local university moved elsewhere. The 
dty airport is too small. 

What sets Hiroshma apart, of course, is 
its past and people. Today, it is home to 
1 14,000 of the 367,000 people in Japan 


who are officially registered as bomb sur- 
vivors. They range from retired laborers 
to company chairmen and form a special 
class in the local sodety. About 8 percent 
of the city’s annual SI. 4-billion budget 
goes for aid and free m e dical care for 
them. 

Some live in seclusion and refuse to 
talk, of their experiences. Others, such as 
Mr. Kitagawa, have conquered the anxi- 
ety that gripped them for years and today 
seem to draw emotional sustenance from 
recounting that day for visitors. 

Anger against the United States for the 


destruction and death has not completely 
subsided. Some survivors believe the 
Americans knew that Japan was about to 
surrender but wanted to test their new 
weapon on a city while they still had the 
chance. 

But Hiroshima’s official message to the 
world is that the tragedy occurred be- 
cause of war. Who dropped the bomb on 
today's “Peace City” is held to be not 
important. 

Since 1947, when hundreds of shanty 
houses were tom down to make way for 
Peace Park near Ground Zero, successive 


dty administrations have devoted enor- 
mous time, money and personnel to a 
worldwide campaign. Mayor Takeshi 
Arab' has addressed the United Nations 
General Assembly, and this year he sent 
letters to President Ronald Reagan and 
the Soviet leader, Mikhail S. Gorbachev, 
appealing for disarmament. 

In the park, the dty maintains a Peace 
Memorial Museum, where visitors gaze, 
often in silence, at such relics as melted 
bottles, tattered school uniforms and the 
front steps of the local branch of the 
Sumitomo Bank. The steps bear the shad- 
ow of an person who was silting on them 
when the nuclear flash seared the dty. 

“Our goal is to accurately convey the 
reality of Hiroshima to the next genera- 
tion," said Yoshitaka Kawamoto, a bomb 
survivor who is director of the museum. 
“The day is coming when there will be no 
one who can talk of it from experience. 
But 1 think the twisted bottles and bones 
will tell the story." 

H IROSHIMA children begin learn- 
ing about the bomb in elementary 
school. They select research top- 
ics — what a bomb would do to today's 
Hiroshima, for instance — work on them 
in groups and then present their findings 
to the class. 

Business organizations take pan, too. • 
The local Junior Chamber of Commerce, 
for example, has commissioned a Hiro- 
shima Symphony to have its premiere at 
this year's national Jaycees' convention, 
which will be held here in the fall. 

Even without formal indoctrination, 
however, people here cannot escape the 
bomb. The local media carry almost daily 
news of actions by survivor groups. Ev- 
eryone seems to have a relative who died 
or a neighbor who survived. And the 
rusting dome and the park are constant 
reminders. 

About 1.5 million people visit the park 
and museum every year. Schoolchildren 
arrive from around Japan. On some days 
there are as many as 10,000. They cluster 
around the park’s memorials to the dead, 
take turns ringing a mammo th “peace 
bell" and deposit pleas for peace on 
wooden plaques at the dome. 

Each summer, as another anniversary 
approaches, tablets that list the victims 
are taken from storage and the names of 
those who succumbed is the past year are 
added. Aug. 6 culminates with a series of 
emotional ceremonies sharing the theme 
“Never Again!” 

Still, many people in Hiroshima worry 
that, despite their efforts, in much of 
Japan people think of the atomic bombs 
only twice a year, when television news 
reports on anniversary events at the two 
cities. Activists here do not like to admit 
it, but the anti-nuclear movement in 
Western Europe seems more effective 
than their own. The campaign here at the 
national level has been hamstrung for 
years by ideological feuding between 
groups allied with Japan’s Communist 
and Socialist parties, 

U.S. military ships are believed to rou- 
tinely violate official Japanese strictures 
against carrying nuclear weapons into 
Japanese ports. Newspapers here dutiful- 
ly log the ships’ arrivals, but these days 
there is rarely a concerted effort to stop 
them. 

Residents such as Toro Okada, 50, pre- 
fer to talk of Hiroshima’s future. As an 
executive at the city’s main brokerage 
bouse, Uisumiya Securities Co., he is ex- 
cited about the internationalization of 
the economy here and throughout Japan. 
He notes with satisfaction that basket- 
balls used in the Los Angeles Olympics 
were made in his town. 

The city’s stock exchange is one of 
seven regional markets in Japan. For 
years after the war, it closed for Aug. 6. 
But later, pragmatic businessmen decid- 
ed to change- “If you're going to do 
business," said Mr. Okada, “it makes no 
sense to dose down when everyone else is 
open.” 




















-• »_ - -i-eu -Menu* ■*> *— 



Pajje 6 


Tl KS!)AV«U g£sT 6. 1985 


HcralbSfe®ribunc Tlw Anwrka *f*° ’ 80s: A Nathn M Peace With l^L 


Publubed With The 2iew Yo*k Time* ind Tbr WiaWngton Poet 


W ASHINGTON — To under- 
stand American politics in the 


Marcos’s Strange Threat 


' To understand bow perverse things are in 
the Philippines, you have only to reflect on the 
headline on a recent story in The Washington 
Post about bow President Ferdinand Marcos 
intends to deal with his pteitica] opposition. It 
is not that in his frustration he is warning of a 
coop or some other use of military anthority to 
consolidate his and bis wife's and his friends' 
culled position. The headline, whidi was both 
fair and accurate, said: “Marcos Threatens 
Early Election." The story explained that in 
raising the prospect of a map election, Mr. 
Marcos apparently was gambling that opposi- 
tion disunity would keep him in power. 

Theaemlje the irpny and the difficulty of the 
situation in the former U.S. colony. Mr. Mar- 
cos has badly misgoverned the Philippines, 
abused power for the personal gain of his 
family and friends, and indirectly helped cre- 
ate a Communist-led insurgency that appears 
to be gaining in the countryside. He has man- 
aged to turn America's strategic and sentimen- 
tal attachment to his country into a bulwark of 
his personal rule, despite the efforts by succes- 
sive U-S. administrations (including, in its 
fashion, the current one) to steer him toward 
reform or, that failing, to put some daylight 
between Washington and the man in Manna. 

. But at the same time Mr. Marcos has ex- 
ploited the forms of democracy, playing di- 


vide-and-conqucr poll tics and appealing deftly 

toward the UnitedP States. When be fights 
dirty, be wins, and the opposition curses him. 
When he fights clean, or reasonably dean, he 
looks like a winner too; for this, the opposi- 
tion cannot forgive him. 

So what is the United States to do to prevent 
one more rightist friend from go ing down the 
drain and carrying U.S. interests with him? Or 
rather, at this late date, bow can the United 
States noise along reform in a way that will 
avoid destabilizing (he country and opening 
the door to a Communist takeover? 

Perhaps Washington cannot do much more 
tknn it £ already doing: This includes the 
administration's emphasis on democratic pro- 
cess, econo mic stabilization, good government 
and effective counterinsurgency, and the con- 
gressional effort to redirect aid away from the 
nuHtazy and toward civilian needs. 

But the Filipino democratic apposition has 
its own responsibility. Its leaders decry Presi- 
dent Reagan’s tendency to pose the Philip- 
pines’ choice as either Ferdinand Marcos or a 
Communist deluge. Yet they do not puH them- 
selves together to create a viable thud option. 
They are the ones who make it possible for Mr. 
Marcos to “threaten elections.” 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


tY stand American politics in the 
middle 1980s, you need to accqjr 
something about the United States 
that probably will be the first thing 
future historians will notice about 
our time, but which almost everyone 
fails to see, or even denies: 

America is a nation at peace. 

Not only, though this u crucial, is 
it not at war, but it is unlikely to face 
a ra^'or war any time soon. 


that there is a new Republican major- 
ity or a terminal decay of the old 
Democratic coalition, though they 
proride tantalizing evidence of each. 

The striking thmg about the re- 
turns is that they draw victories for 
incumbents a I almost every level, 
starting, of course, with President 
Reagan. Each of the preceding four 


By Michael Barone 

This is As first of two articles. 

rule mainly held that an incumbent 
who tends to the par ochial needs of 


Ame r ic a ns are also at peace, to a presidents had been challenged in 
eater extern than they realize, with primaries; Mr. Reagan was not. Two 
em selves. Beneath the turmoil of of the four were defeated and the 


preaching something like a consensus 
about basic values and policies, and 
something resembling a consensus on 
the differences they are willing to 
tolerate in one another. Amid alT the 


turmoil erf of the four were defeated and the 
re been ap- other two won, only to be humiliated 
.consensus soon afterward, 
rficies, and That may still happen to Mr. Rea- 


his district is almost never defeated. 
The voters of 1984 returned to office 
390 House members in 433 districts. 
That is one below the all-time high. 

Incumbent victories alone do not 
prove that voters are satisfied; they 
may be repelled by the alternatives. 
Kit the incumbent victories of 1984 
followed a striking shift in the under- 
tying currents of public opinion. 
Consider the responses to the politi- 
cal pollsters’ typical question, “Are 
things is the nation today going m 


1982, wefl in advance of the recovery. 

In early 1984, pollsters found most 
Americans optimistic about the di- 
rection of the nation, and over the 

summer mdfaU their optimism grew. 

Obviously this worked to the benefit 


Ronald Reagan. But evidently it 
worked to the benefit of incumbents 


closer and more regionally aligned. 

The voters have shifted the politi- 
cal fulcrum bad; and forth several 
times in the last decade, giving wide 
power to the Democrats in 1976 and 
giving Republicans control of the kg- 
islative process in 1980. But increas- 
ingly the fulcrum points seem closer 
togrther. The voters seem to have 
reached a balance they wan. 

It is a balance that makes sense, at 

least in tenns of the issues of the past. 


WOItCU lO UK IKUHU Ui UH. M UIV W " . . . . Iffm. 

of. both parties running for offices. It was quite eytden t m the 1 970s, 

JiFEJJr 6 . before the Reoubhcan victories of 


of all kinds. „ . ... 

The result was a ratification of toe 


. before the Republican victories of 
1980, that the public wanted limits 


gan, but the ingredients were cot ap- the right direction, or are 


parent in 1984. There was an even- 
ness to the results in each state and 


status quo. The voters voted to coo- set to the expansion of gowraiwni. 
Snettepolkaesandariritof Ronald Yet it was aho apparent, eariy m 
San— ^sSdificdamiiisodenit- the first Reagan reran, that the vwere 


fashionable talk of the politics of region that is not a pp a ren t in any 
alienation and angst, the election of presidential election since I960. Hus 

l no A 1 A _ ■ - a . 


1984 helped to reveal Americans to 
themselves as reasonably pleased 
with the nation they have come to be. 
Consider the 19&4 election returns. 


was not a regional victory. 

Look at other results. The Senate 
has only five new members; its last 

two fr eshman classes are the smalles t 


Talon together they do not prove in recent history. In the House, the 


the wrong track?” 

Through most of the 1970s and 
into the 1980s, the responses woe 
almost always negative, sometimes 
by more than 2 to 1. Only with the 
accessions of new presidents did opti- 
mism appear, but it quickly vanished. 
That happened again in 1981. But 
this time optimism reappeared in 


dtwtiK sometimes different-mind- did not want simificantcursm pro- 

. J i ■- J Amittc nw4i oc Crfamfll vninfV fhflf 


the House: This xs quite an cxlraonu- 
nary result- Only once before in UJS. 
history have voters continued differ- 


away from any such proposals. 
Fiscal realities sometimes intrude. 


eat parties in control of the two as do bipartisan moves such as the 
hou^rf Congress for three elections tax increase of!982 and the Social 


in a row. Thai was in the 1880s, when Security refrains of 1983. But the 
die balance between parties was legislative compromisers move with- 


Salvage From Flight 007 


The tragedy of the South Korean airliner 
shot down in September 1983 has had one 
positive result: a tentative agreement among 
the United States, the Soviet Union and Japan 
ou a warning system that could prevent a 
recurrence. In the absence of more significant 
accords, even a token of cooperation is wel- 
come, particularly in view of the sensitivities 
raised on each side by the plane’s loss. 

Korean Air Lines’ Flight 007, en route from 
Anchorage, Alaska, to Seoul, strayed north of 
ils flight path and an deep across Soviet terri- 
tory. It was shot down by Soviet fighters, 
killing all 269 aboard, an action that outraged 
world opinion and further froze U.S. -Soviet 
relations. Soviet officials contended that the 
aircraft had an intelligence mission. 

Despite the intense feelings about the inci- 
dent, Washington and Tokyo in early 1984 
proposed to the Soviet Union that talks be 


held on preventing recurrences, and Moscow 
accepted. The new ag reemen t calls for phone 
links between the Tokyo air traffic control 
center and centers in Anchorage and Khaba- 
rovsk. When Soviet controflera next detect an 
unknown plane in their airspace, they will be 
able to call Tokyo for Japanese and American 
help in identifying it More significantly, the 
arrangement represents tacit Soviet acknowl- 
edgment that the proper course is to be surer 
about a target before opening fire. 

The agreement open the way for three oth- 
ers: restoration of Aeroflot’s landing rights in 
the United States; new consulates in Kiev and 


New York, hdd op by the plane's downing, 
and a new cultural agreement Progre ss on 


and a new cultural agreement Progress on 
these small but practical issues provides at 
least a useful backdrop for President Reagan’s 
November meeting with Mikhail Gorbachev. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


The Hammer and the Fickle 



; What purer market is there than an auction? 
informed buyers compete openly and the 


highest bidder wins. So much for that illusion, 
at least as it applies to auctions for art, heir- 
looms and other elegances. It now turns out 
that same auction houses do their business 
father like houses of another kind, with large 
minors and loose morals. 

‘ Little in an auction bouse. is quite what.it 
seems. First there are “bids off the chande- 
lier," a razzle-dazzle of ascending prices called. 
Out ty the auctioneer at the start of a sale. The 
imaginary bids let buyers infer they face fierce 
competition. If this trick does not ronse cus- 
tomers enough, there is another to frustrate 
them from achieving too cheap a gratification. 
It is a secret reserve price, agreed on before- 
hand with the seller. A picture that fails to 
reach it will be “bought in" by the house. 

But news erf buying in can pride the inflated 
expectations induced by the house and make 
art prices sag. So the phantom nature of the 
winning bidder is sometimes concealed. At a 
sale in Loudon in 1977, Sotheby’s claimed a 
record £1 15,000 ($157,000 at current rates) for 
a Guarnerius violin. But no one had bid that 
“record" price. Tbe underbidder was persuad- 


ed to do so after the sale, bur later withdrew. 

In a New York sale of May 1981, Christie’s 
eHannum David Bathurst, reported three out 
of eight Impressionist paintings had been sold, 
whereas in truth only one had been. Mr. Bath- 
urst, who recently resigned, attributed the dis- 
appointing results to “the fickle mind of 
the modem art collector." . 

- Fierce competition, especially between 
Sotheby’s and Christie's, is apparently a mo- 
tive for these deceptive practices. Record 
■prices help boost business and bring in clients, 
notes Douglas McGiDofThe New York Times 
in a survey erf auction house practices. 

Tbe auctioneers claim that reserve prices 
must be kept secret to foQ rings of buyers 
coOnding not to bid against one another. 
They defend bids off tbe chandelier as being 
the theoretical offers of bidders who have tdd 
them their top price beforehand. 

The deceptive practices may serve some sdl- 
era but serve chiefly to let the auction bouse 
manipulate tbe market and squeeze higher 
prices from consumers. No wonder art colkc- 
tora have become fickle, bruised so often 
by the auctioneer's hammer. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Aug. 6: After Forty Years, die Stab of Fear Is Still Felt 


' ADISON, Wisconsin — Where 


JLVJL were you when you first heard 
about the atomic bomb? My mess is 


about the atomic bomb? My guess is ,Tbefa 

that most people over agp^SO can er,iL-apt 
answer that question instantly.' . , - ^ness-^W 


By Paxil Boyer 


highly placed the ohserv- 
_ J, the deeper the uneasi- 

- answenhal question mstantiyy , ng^-W asbirT^n n, n reporter wrote, 
Aug.fi, 1945. was one of these days was “pervaded by a'seroe 'of oppres- 
that stick in the brain. Thfc nx*t triv- m” “For all we brow," intoned the 
ial details of such days can often be - radio announcer H.V. Kaftenbom in 
recalled decades later, simply be- Iris broadcast on the evening of Aug. 
cause they are associated with the 6, “we have created a Frankenstein! 
moment one first heard a piece of We must assume that with tbe pas- 
sbodring or frightening news. , sage erf only a little time, an improved 


shocking or frightening news. 

I must confess that the radio news- 
casts of that -distant August after- 
noon have blurred a bit in my mind. 
But the newspaper memory remains 
starkly vivid. I can visualize just 
where the afternoon edition of The 
Dayton Daily News was lying in our 
kitchen when my eye caught the rivet- 


sage of only a little time, an improved 
form of. toe new weapon we used 


mg headline. I can 


Other Opinion 

Marcos and His Opponents tionimtahisux 


The Philippines president, Ferdinand Mar- 
cos, has returned to his practice of bidding up 
the juice of U.S. bases in tenns of U.S, support 
of his regime. The question for the United 
States is whether it could not do without tbe 
bases. The growth of the insurgency reflects 
the growth of disillusion with the Marcos gov- 
ernment, its authoritarianism, crony system, 
corruption, disdain for social reform, inability 
to resolve serious economic problems, and 
above all, its unwillingness to change. 

America should tiy to distance itself from 
Mr. Marcos and to pay more than tip service to 
die need for democracy in the Philippines. 
History shows that the United States can sup- 
port dictators and ignore their popular opposi- 


tion until it is too late for a democratic alterna- 
tive. That history should not be repeated. 

— The Sl Louis Past-Dispatch. 


The Japanese Trade Han 


With a daim that the Japanese market will 
become tbe “most open” in tbe world, Tokyo 
has unveiled its latest program for trade Hber- 
nHrution The plan can hardly avoid interna- 
tional skep ticism. It is all too obviously td ine d 
at easingractions with major world powers, at 
the cost -of small nations. If initial reactions 
from the United States and Europe are skepti- 
cal, it. would be more than natural for Korea 
and other developing countries to be «irir«l 
of the Japanese package. 

— The Korea Tunes (Seoul). 


FROM OUR AUG. 6 PAGES, 75 AJND 50 YEARS AGO 


1910 ; 60 Days of Saxton 
NEW YORK — Newspapers comment on 
-President WJL Taft’s idea of sixty days of 
summer vacation. The Baltimore “American" 
says: “Many people who could afford a sixty- 
day vacation are indifferent about even a six- 
day stop off from the daily routine. The work 
habit becomes so firmly established that they 
get lonesome when separated from their usual 
.engagements.” The Pittsburgh “Dispatch" re- 
marks: “A sixty days’ vacation seems utopian, 
although perhaps it may be no more so than a 
two woks’ vacation seemed to another genera- 
tion. It is a pleasant thing to think about 
anyway." The Boston “Globe" adds: “Presi- 
’ 'dent Taft's idea is carried out largely by per- 
haps only one class erf people. Farmers. As we 
cannot all be farmers, the regular two weeks 
must suffice and we ought to be thankfuL” 


1935: Dorothy Frocks for President 
LOS ANGELES — Miss Dorothy Frooks, 35- 
year-old lawyer, became a candidate far the 
presidency [on Aug. 5J. Miss Frooks, who 
stumped for women's suffrage at tbe age of 
eleven, came here to attend the American Bar 
Association sessions, al winch she offered a 
plan to “wipe out crime in thirty days.” “My 
plan is simple,” she said. “Merely get rid of 
political crooks." With a crusading glint in hex 
eye, she said she was “quite sure a woman will 
sit in the President’s chair within the next 
fifteen years." She explained lhe “Frooks for 
President:" movement had gained no momen- 
tum as yet, because she was concentrating on 
bong elected to Congress next fall The fiery 
feminist has chalked up performances in sever- 
al fields, including bemg the highest-ranking 
woman officer in the United States Navy. 


the strange new word “A- tome" be- 
cause I had never heard anyone say it 

Other people, older than L were 
also deeply shocked by President 
Harry S. Truman’s announcement. It 
was a moment that, even then, struck 
many as a radical tinning point in 
history, and a surprising number felt 
impelled to put pen to paper and 
reoord their reelings and reactions. 

In New York, Norman Cousins, 
editor erf Tbe Saturday Review of 
Literature, spent the night of Aug. 6 
composing an impassioned essay, 
“Modem Man Is Obsolete.” Tbe 
bomb made nationalism outmoded 
and dangerous, be armed; only a 
worid government could save man. 

At his cottage in Kcnncbunk, 
Maine, the Reverend John Haynes 
Holmes of New York City’s Commu- 
nity Church was enjoying the ocean 
view when he heard: the report. 

“Everything else seemed suddenly 
to become insignificant," he wrote a 
few days later. “I seemed to grow 
cold, as though I had been transport- 
ed to tie waste spaces of the moon. 
Tbe summer beauty seemed to van- 
ish, and the waves of the sea to be 


igust after- today can be turned against us." 
n my mind. This primal fear of extinction cut 
xy r emains across all political and ideological 
malizc just lines, from the staunchly conserva- 
ion trf The live Chicago Tribune, winch wrote of 
Nina in our an atomic war that would leave the 
httfierivet- Earth “a "barren waste, in which the 
I reading it survivors of the race will hide in caves 
renouncing or live among nuns,” to the liberal 
-tome” be- New Republic, which on Aug. 20 
yooe say it. offered an almost identical vision of a 
an L were conflict that would “obhteraie all the 


great cities of the belligerents, bring 
industry and technology to agrinding 
halt,” and leave only “schttexed rem- 
nants of humanity hving on the pe- 
riphery erf avOizanou.” 

From our contemporary perspec- 
tive, perhaps, such cataclysmic imag- 
ery seems so familiar as to be almost 
tnte — if visions of universal destruc- 
tion can ever become trite. But it is 
sobering to realize how quiddy these 
dark visions surfaced, within hours 
of President Truman's announce- 
ment, and years before die world’s 
nuclear arsenals made such a holo- 

pect ofglobal anmMUtion already 
filled the nation's consciousness. In 
the earliest moments of the nuclear 
era, tbe fear that would come to 
haunt millions of people not yet bom 
had already found urgent expression. • 
In most cases, our memories of 


even the highest moments trf public 
drama are eventually filed away: 
They become a reassuring part of our 
general stock of recoDectKms. to be 
brought out and nostalgically refived 
from time to time. But Aog. 6, 1945, 
is different After 40 years, it sifll has 
not receded into that safe and static 
realm we caD “tbe past” 

H.V. Kaltenbora’s Frankenstein 
still roams; The Post-Dispatch’s 
kingdom of the ants stiS waits in the 
wings. The stab of fear we felt when 
we read that first headline or heard 
that first radio bulletin may have re- 
ceded from the center of our aware- 
ness, bat it remains with us stffl. 


The writer is a professor of history at 
the University of Wisconsin and author 
of the forthcoming book "By the 
Bomb’s Early Light: American 
Thought and Culture at the Dam of 
the Atomic Age. ” He contributed this 
comment to The New York Times. 


In Hiroshima, a Shadow on the Stone 


in narrow parameters. The evidence 
is that tbe balance between the public 
and private sectors — the major do- 
mestic subject of political debate in 
die United States for 50 years — is 
today pretty much where the public 
wants it and has voted to keep it. 

So is the balance on foreign policy. 
Here, other elected officials have only 
a timrg in ^ l effect on a determined 
president — or on determined execu- 
tive-branch officials who have tbe 
confidence of the president. Yet they 
can set some Hmiis, and do. The Con- 
gress. for example, has made it dear 
it will not give carte blanche to the 
MX missile or to covert U.S. activity 
in Central America. - 

Americans came to regard the Car- 
ter administration's foreign policy as 
being too soft. Tbey prefer the mote 
assertive, risky prairies of R on ald 
Reagan, but with tbe assertiveness 
timed down and the risks limited. 

Of course this balance in American 
politics will not last. The actors, and 
the issues, will change. 

But the baric assumption (bat 
America is a nation al peace will, we 

must hope, be main tamed- The histo- 
rian William McNeCD has described 
how, through history, military mobi- 
lization has been accompanied by 
government control over tbe econo- 
my: Big war maehmes and teg gov- 
ernments go together. In this view, 
anus races and wars tend to produce 
command economies, which are less 
efficient than market economies. 

Certainly, in a democracy, citizens' 
tolerance of government interference 
increases in wartime: The mobiliza- 
tkm policies of 1917-1918, as Mr. 
McNeill points out. helped inspire 
the New Deal; and it Was Worid War 
IL and not the New Deal, that result- 
ed in a steeply progressive income tax 
with marginal rates up to 91 percent. 

For a time in the 1940s It looked as 
if Americans might find most of then- 
new housing bout by the government, 
as in Bri tain; have most of their 
workers r e p resented by onions, allied 
to the Democratic administration; — 
have a system of government eco- * 
nonric planning and allocation of re- 
sources. None of these things hap- 
pened. tat fierce battles were fought * 
over them, and each had support 
Today, as Irving Howe has noted, 
the political debate has moved to the 
right of where it was 40 years ago. But 
no one thinks it even worth arguing 
that tbe government should mm 
bousing or allocate capital or even 
encourage labor unions. 

That shift to the right has crane . 

be*sure, and^peaoT^jictuated by ^ 
limited wars in Korea and Vietnam 
and minor skirmishes elsewhere. But 
Korea and Vietnam have had no thing 


like tiie effect on the general society 
of a major war such as Wadd War EL 


T T IROSEHMA, Japan ■ — We have 
XX known tbe facts and fedinss 


XX known tbe facts and fedinffi 
since John Hersey’s “Hiroshima?’ 
But the place has an impact beyond 
any visitor’s expectation. 

Three things strike me about Hiro- 
shima. It u a rity dedicated to memo- 
ry: to remembering what man did to 
man. But it is about life, not death. It 
is a place of victims that breathes no 
spirit of vengeance. 

Jost below where the bomb explod- 
ed early ou'Ang. 6, 1945, is the race 
Farit. The museum there is eloquent 
in its evocation of suffering. A drora- 
ma shows Hiroshima as it was, spread 
over a shallow bowl among moun- 
tains. Unlike many Japanese tities, it 
had notbeenbranbed. A 1946 report 


By Anthony Lewis hatred of United States, it was 


of a major war such as Worid War EL 
Now we have study the last presi- 
dent whose altitudes and bdiefs were 1 
shaped dnrmp those war- influen ced 


said: “Many people felt they 
be snared. ... There were sc 


ish, and tbe waves of the sea to be be spared . ..T 
pounding upon the shores of an emp- Christians, man; 

ty worid. For I knew that the final came from ! 
crisis in human history had come, was a famous bra 
What that atomic bomb had done to A small red gk) 
Japan, it could do to us." museum model oi 


mere were so many 
ny Japanese- Amen- 
i Hiroshima^ the dty 

kfclbm^big over the- 
of the aty marks the 


In Fdham Manor, New York, Pa- spot, 1,900 feet (580 metera) in the 
tridaEMtmkhadjurtretmiiedfrran air, where the bomb exploded. That 


tbe hospital, after giving birth to her first nuclear 
second son, when the word arrived people at one 
“Since then,” she wrote in a letter six died in them 
days later, “I have hardly been atee to The musec 


st nuclear weapon killed 85,000 
«plc at once. Fifty thousand more 
ed in the next three months. 

The museum exhibits include ra- 


the future seeim so utterly bearable photographs of some who 


grim for our two little boys. lived, perhaps brief] 

“Most of the time I have been in burned off. There is a 
tears or near tears, and fleeting but curious result: a man’s 
torturing regrets that I have brought 
children into the world to face sum a 
dreadful thing as this have shivered 
through me. ft seems that it will be <■ 

for than aU their lives like living TrSKaKem atui 1 
on a keg of dynamite which may go XnDsUBmaiHX l 


their skin 
tore of one 

Hmdil that 


fOTyears afterward grew out black. 

etched on them^he of aper- 

sou who was sitting there that day. 

Altihiro TakahasM, the former di- 
rector of the museum, is himself a 
hibakusha — a “bomb-affected per- 
son.” He was at school about a mile 
away when the bomb went off, 

“Tbe outer slrin came off my back, 
my head, my arms,” he said, *it dan- 
gled from ray arms. Pieces of glass 
were driven mlo me, one into this 
finger.” He held up a mangled fore- 
finger. “It kitted something in there. 
You have seen my black nail in the 
museum. When I locked around, I 
could see vray far, because the whole 
dty was gone. I made my way to the 
river. On the way I saw many people 
with far worse injuries:- A woman 
with her eyes popped, a mother and 
baby with ttesr skm all gone . . .” 

Mr. Takahashi was treated for a 
year and a half lot Us bums. Since 
1971 he has been hospitalized seven 
times with liver piobhans; he goes to 
the hospital every day now to get an 
intravenous solution. 

He spoke without visible emotion 
about all this. And so I asked whether 
he felt any anger. 

“I would Se teffme you a lie,” 
he replied, “if I said I was free 


tbe Japanese leaders who led us into years. Ronald Reagan was plucked 
the war, and second the scientists from a successful movie career and 


who recommended the manufacture drafted into doing make- work; his 
of atomic bombs, and thud President high postwar earnings were taxed at 


Truman and others who decided to or near the 91 j 
drop the bomb: These are the people nmg as a New I 


cut rate. Begm- 
liberal and sup- 


agarnst whom our hatred should prater of the war effort, he became an 


be directed. 

“But I think it would be unfortu- 


of big government and an 
of tax cuts. He came to 


nate for anyone to be constantly office in an America 35 years away 

hoimlafl lvu tin trarl La a “TU-* a — L:_ 


haunted by hatred,” he added. “That 
will not bang peace.” 

Mr. Takahashi s words help to ex- 


or war and ready for his 
E-Es politics — or Ins politics 
ed by Congress — are the 


plain what one senses in Hiroshima, natural politics of a nation at peace. 
Unlike most people who have been So, it can be argued, is his fotdgn 

thr- lnrfirtM nf hArmr ttineii m WrA_ w. n * « ° 


are saintly. Tbcy simply see no point Stales has, in effect a free-enterprise 
m it. The point is to keep the worst nrilitaiy, fiBcd by young parole moti- 


from happbnng again. 


That is the message of the Peace ceatives (pay and job trainina) 
Part There are pools of water, recall- by the spirit of national pride 
mg the victims who died saying “give even Walter Mondale admitted 


a mixture of econ omi c in- 
pty and job training) and 
nit of national pride that 
ter Mondale admitted Mr. 


me water " There is a grassy mound Reagan has helped to inspire. Mr. 
contaimng the ashes erf 30,000 vio- Reagan’s foreign and defense poHries 
tnns. But cicadas tom in the trees, have cost the nation money, primari- 


Schoolgirls wander about Lovers lie Iy — n 
on the grass. It is a celebration of America 
life amid death coofiden 

In Hir oshima all the arguments at - 
factum, and ideology seem remote. lt Them 


ty — money that the 
America of the middle 
confident it can afford. 


The writer, a member of the editorial 


is not necessary to raise one’s voice, page staff of The Washington Post, is 
Ufe is enough: hfe and memory. But die co-author, with Grant Ujtiusa. of 
do we remember? “The Almimnr nf PtJiti/* 


The New York Times. 


“ The Almanac 
1986.” from wh 


American Politics 
this is adapted 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


INTERNATIONAL herald tribune 

JOHN HAY WHITNEY, Chairman I95S-I982 ‘ 


KATHARIN E GRAHAM. WILLIAM S. PALEY, ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 

Co-Chairmen 


•PHILIP M. FOISIE 
WALTER WELLS 
SAMUEL ABT 
ROBERT K. McCABE 

carlgewirtz 


LEE W. HUEBNER, PMuher 

Excaitiie Editor RENfiBONDY Dam PvbB&tr 

Editor ALAIN LBCOUR Assochu PtoSsher 

Dmty^tmr RIC HARD H. MORGAN Aaodate PtASAer 

Dq«ty Eduar STEPHAN W. CONAWAY Dtrcaer efOpmubrns 
Asstaou Editor FRANCOIS DESMAISONS Dirtaor ^Cmdadm 
ROLF D. KRANEPUHL DiraarafAdmtaite &da 


The atomic bomb announcement 
elicited very little celebration. A few 
newspapers published gloating edito- 
rials and cartoons; a radio comedian 
joked about Japan's “atomic ache.” 
Another said the bomb “made Hiro- 
shima look like Ebbetts Field after a 


Tribalism and Revenge 

Regarding the opinion cobatm ‘Ter- 
rorism: The Tribal Disregard far ffti- 
man Life (July 2): 

Clinton Bailey's analysis of the 
motives b ehind Shiite terrorism is 
both cobtradictoiy erroneous. R 
is contiadictorv because he detects 


refgrin^.to &e sense, rai mere is ooe glaring om»- hunted brain power and curiosity 

ZS? J? To “■ ' n,e to U-S-- with a sfamtetrOTiribiBty 'Ssa 

, r.5 Europera reiatiods is that American arrogant rhetoric of the sort that 

“the tribal diaega rd for hran an hfe presidents are almost invariably cranes from pooity MonnedSdivid- 

fleeted because of tto^gpod guy” oals on the Bri&h Hberal left to 

,„rg jwt tbor capah2itie&. whom classlessness is abhorrenL 


to tiie sense, but there is one glaring onus- 
s. To sion: The major tentacle to U.S.- 
oer to European relations is that American 


limited brain 


larmc community has resulted in a 
power struggle between reactionaries 
and refonneis about how to reconcile 
the desire for greater freedom of 

I T- - J.V J'.- , 


mage, not thdr capabilities. 


ROLF D. KRANEPUHL Dim tfAdunmg Saks 
International Herald Tribune, 181 Avenue Charies-de-GanOe, 92200 NemlN-sur-Srine. 

France. Tel: (1) 747-1265. Telex: 612718 (HeraM).^ ObkHterakf ftBL 


Direamr de ia publication Walter N. Thayer. 

Asia Headquarters, 24-34 Hmnessy Rd.. H m g Kong TeL 5-28S&8. Telex 61176. 
ManagptgDir. U.Kj Rtfo MaclOd ^ai^A tn, landon WO. Tei 8364901 Telex 262009. 
Gat Mu. W. Germany: W. Lcwtcrbock fimMtsr. JX 6000 FrodfurtM. 71 (009)726755. Tbe. 416721. 
SLA. an capital de 1.200.000 F. RC S Nqnurre B 732021I2& Cammushm PariUhrt No. 6J337. 
U.S. sutoaiption: $322 yearly; Second-dots pottage paid m Lone Isknd City, N.Y. II 101. 
G 19^ Intmatiaetd Hensld Tribune. A0 ri^Os reserved. 



look like Ebbetts Field after a the as both “barbarian and the desire for greater freedom of 
between the Giants and the. .cafculadngiyet tribes exist ultimately thought and action with traditional 
rs."For martAmericaxis,how- to protea Ms, not to throw it away. "■ Islamic values. Non-Moslems, in 
he news brought sot joy but And ady textbook of Arab history thdr own interest, would be weD- 
nd apprehension. will tell you that tribal fends among advised to ixepom of this particukr- 

SL Louis Post-Dispatch desert nomads were frequently ended ly virulent internedne dispute 
1 on Aug. 7 that science may the payment of blood money, or lomas 

signed the mammalian world's amply by exhaustion. ’ 


ever, the news brought not joy but 
profound apprehension. 

The SL Louis Post-Dispatch 
warned on Aug. 7 that science may 
have “signed the TnarnmAKan world's 
death warrant, and deeded an Earth 
in ruins to the. ants,” Tbe next day, 
the Milwaukee Journal published a 
map of Milwaukee ovedaid with con- 
centric drdes showing the pattern trf 
destruction in Hiroshima, 


Until the United States elects a 
president who possesses a modicum 
of original drinking, which Mr. Rea- 
gan does not, Europeans w3I omtin- 
ue to see it as a teaderless society. The 
American people deserve better. 

Smiling and hand-waving do not 
a president make: Leave , that to 
tite Queen of England. 

RJi LLOYD. 

Hong Kong. 


Support your monarchy and its trap- 
pregs* Mr. Chesshyre, and don't con- 
cern yourself with oar ahle man in 
the white House, 

VERONICA STOCKARD. 

Canoga Park, Calif coma. 


NicfctTrinkbar 


I was mainly a reprisal 

for Cfeft&Krican mffitaiy inierven- 
tipO' it? ILebanon: A member of the 
Amnf imHtiais sakl to have screamed 
“My whole family killed by New Jer- 


James G. Loweustem. m “fr’sHme 
to Refurbish Sane Trans-Atlantic 
Attitudes" (July 26), writes good 


Regarding the opinion ’‘Reasons for 
Reagan’s ThralT (July 6): 

Robert Chesshyre refers to Presi- 
dent Reagra as H a flawed ted man of 


Regarding . "Stria Law on Wines 
Promised in Austria ” (July 30): 

Rcroembo- the good ted days when 

the only tiring tourists were warned 
not to drink was the watn? 

don McCarthy. 


Nr* <&&& 


-*i!l 


A * 1 




f 

k 









INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBINE, TUESDAY. AUGUST 6, 1983 


ARTS 7 LEISURE 


ZlSSS'JSZ* 


iSFss 

^ iarUsan ntoves^H 

ft 

: S=twS* 

Suss^sjfe 

aaiwSt 

and has voted to EF* 

Sffisssfe 

nch officials who fcawS 
“O' 11 * president ySi£ 

KH give cane bland* A 

^ortooovaiUAaSi 
ral America. “ 
leans came to regard fa r- 

frisky policies of 
, but with the assertive^ 
own and the risks limi ^ 
urse this balance in Amenoj 
will notlasL The actors, ai 

es. will change. 

the basic assumption tin 

a is a nation at peace noli, ^ 

1TIA Ka TTiamtAtnnfl TV- L‘_ 


I ‘^Bf judy Ktemesmd 

t " A** York Tina Sennet 

TIE, Minnesota — The loud- 
/ speaker crackled, and the 
;«kc of the conductor, Scott Ahl- 
: ;‘KUD. came on the air, “As we 
rasari tfarwgb Lyle. Minnesota," 
• Be s«4 entered a place some 
oils fondly know as God’s Coun- 
try, V: 

He was referring to the state of 

- Iowa.. 

•• "ffis comment drew about an 
equal number of cheers and boos. 
'Jr* 9 *" were £roaj iowans. the 
", boos fro®. Minnesotans. 

. Brtdie 95 people on board the 
- ' Stair Cupper were not on the train 
to engage jn the rivalry that flour" 
tsbesatoog the border of these two 
states: They were there to have din- 
ner. 

The Star Clipper is a restaurant 
■ on steel wheels. Passengers pay S35 
each for a four-course meal that is 
served while the train travels 15 
nrite an hour --a speed the owners 
call “slow dawn and w+n the 
roses" — through picturesque 
northern Iowa and southern Min- 
nesota. 

The train htmhera about 26 miks 
(42 ktlometen) in ode direction, 

then returns. During tbe three-and- 
a-hfllf-bour journey. diners are hfce- 
ly to horses m the Adds, farm- 
ers on tract on, white-tailed deer in 


on the Rails 

I’s Country’ 

lid J 




1<f % i , *'• ' 


Sicily's Taormina Festival Features 
Films, Dance, Music, Open- Air Plays 


“Jpit nights and oversees the staff 
of IK. “i’ve heard there is a db*"** 

’>niin in Arkansas operating ofl only 
five miies of trade, bat they don't 
cook on the train." W 

. The cooking <m the Star Clipper R 

done in the middle passenger car, * ^ErpSf|gj| 

which has been converted into a 
kitchen. There. Dorothy Crooks 
and Diane Milter prepare soup, sal- 
ads. main course and dessert. The 
passengers get a choice of prime 

rib, Cornish btn or a seafooo dish. 

The dessert is generally mint icc 
cream inside a chocolate crust, 

topped with whipped cream. ?. 

Tbepassengers— 144is the limit K*. f e* 

— sil at tables for four in the dining 

cars, the Velvet Rose or the Snow- % "Iff 

bard. Randi Viniag said the cars HBHMM’ W&l 
were once part of the Phoebe Snow. 
a celebrated pass e nger train that 

ran between Buffalo, New York, 

and Hoboken. New Jersey, in the 

lMteand 1950s. D • D/v 

On this particular evening, many JL(zTi£*tMTL JEetM 
of the passengers, from Iowa. Min- O 

naott. Tots, Cotoaub and New By Michael West 
York, were celebrating birthdays or The Aaod^ed pros 

inuvwmes ~Wf rt train buffs." -r 0 NDON - Fifty years ago. 
^ Mahto of Wasera, JL Penguin books launched a pa- 

Minnesota. He yd to wfe. Wm- pabackwohiUon unite the slo- 
merte were oetenatmg their 45th ^ “intelligent books for imeffi- 
wedding anmvmary “My wifes peoplelmd at a price they can 
father was an old railroad man, a Effort” 
conductor an the Chicago North- 





Paul Jw *»ii/«ho NM» Toto Tar 


Randi Vining (left), one of partners in the dinner 
train, and diners viewing tbe landscape gliding by. 


Penguin Books Still Affordable at 50 


the woods, and com as high as an western, 
elephant's eye “This i 

' “I ndies find ggnllemen . ym with iftg and d 


By Michael West 

The Associated Prat 


gent people and at a price they can 


Into a hardback world, where a 
book did wed in Britain if it sold 
1,500 copes, was born the first 


This is lost something interest- jjoo copies, was born the first 
ing and different to do in the eve- penguin — an Eaglht translation 
I£ ”^ n pofcy K cameras," AUhdm announced, ning,” LaVae Lilfcbo of Thomp- of “Arid,” a biography of Percy 

™ r P 1 ®" ^ “well be crossing the Cedar River son, Iowa, said over her cauliflower Bysshe Shdley by the French writ- 

^lTr^-pL in a quarter of a mile, &td it does and cheese soap. “I haven’t ridden « Astdrfe Mauroo. 

, out with the assenivHB, make for an interesting picture." on a train for 25 years, and every- With it appeared rune other Pen- 

own and the nsks Inmicd. “Ob, Harry." said one of tbe one is so friendly." As the tram including “A Farewell to 

urse Uus balance in America women, “be.sure to get a picture of passed through the hamlet of Lon- Anns" by Ernest Hemingway and 

will notlasL The actws,ai that!" don, Minnesota, she added: “It “The Mysterious Affair at Styles" 

tt. will change. Thethree^car tram, withadiead otft every day wu can take the by Agatha Christie, 

the basic assumption fa engine at either end, began operat- train to London. The brainchild of AOen Lane, 

a is a nation at peace will, *? ing May 5. It departs from any one Donald and Mary Ann Bartz of who died in 1970, the 10 books cost 

roe, be maintained. The hist of five towns on a rotating schcd- Forest Qty. Iowa, were dining with 6 pence each, the price of 10 dga- 

illiam McNeill has desenta uk. On this particular evening the their, two adult children, Carolyn teues. 


the Irish playwright Brendan Be- tic hunger in a way no other pub- 
ban. to be “Penguin -educated." lisher did." 

The international Penguin ^ i960. Penguin was prosecuted 
Group, under its American chief under ^ 1959 0bscen ^ p^ u 
oceimuve. Peus Mayer, is marking uons Acl for publishing Britain's 
the 50th Mmversary with celebra- r.rst unabridg^ edition of D. H. 
uons .n Britain. North Ammcu Lawrences 1928 novel “Lady 
New Zealand, Australia and South chatierlev’s Lover." The compa- 
Afnca and through distributors ny * s court victory was hailed as a 
and awnts vwldwnte triumph for U reran freedom and 

As U happens, Onvdl s "Anting lhe book sold two tmllion copies in 
Farm is Penguin s best seller, with SiX we eks. 

6.8 million copies sold since 1951. . 

Orwell died in 1950. Lane oncc ^d he chose the 

Celebrations include a five- w ee k n r* me P^Suin because it had “just 
exhibition at Royal Festival Hall in *be right touch of dignified flippan- 
London starting SepL 21 an<t an L ' - Odier birds hatched by the 
auction of early Penguin editions, c ^P^y “elude Pelicans, Puffin 
some of which are valued at up to chll< “ e ? s books and Ptarmigan 
£5Q labour STOV puzzle books. 


uiuuiumivu, 1 UL lHhj> 

1 McNeill has describe 
h history, military mfe 
i been accompanied h 
control over the earn- 
r machines and big gn- 
> together. In ilris ret. 
tnd wars tend to prodm 
conomies. which are Its 
n market economies 
, in a democracy, atom 
government inierfercm 
wartime. The mobile* 
s of 1917-1918, as Ml 
lints out, helped inspoi 
al; and it was World Wb 
the New Deal, thauea* 
ply progressive income m 


train had 


ris particular evening the 
left from Gtesvflte, Min- 


and Donald. “This is sort of a f am- “1 wanted tbe same price as a 


£50 (about $70). 

Penguin Inc. acquired Viking 
Press in New York in 1975, and in 
the United States the company is 
officially known as Viking Penguin 
Inc. Mayer became chief executive 
of the Penguin Group in 1978. 


Penguins in Britain are still rela- 
tively cheap, but their average 
price, about £1.95, now buys 30 
cigarettes. 


nesoia. It also leaves from Lyle, as reunion as weD as a vacation,” packet of 10 cigarettes so that no of the Penguin Group in 1978. 
wen as from three Iowa towns, Wa- Bartz sai d. .... . .. , one could possibly say they Last year, the group reported, 

veriy. Cedar Falls aod Osagr, its • {{;» grew ^ik, the overhead ^dn't afford them,* Lane once Penguin sold 50 million books 


might find most of tin 
>um by the govenmn, 
1 : have most of to 
seated by unions, afed 
Locratic administnaat 
an of zovermnaH coy 
une, ana aOocuuiflfV’ 
me or these 
tierce battls'®’^ 
and each 


veriy. Cedar Falls md Osaar. its as. »t grew aara, me overoeac 
baseisinOsaat ' lighting in the dining cars was re 

The SunC&ais operated by pM WcrnM^L. Outside, tfe 
Walter Yinimand his^, Randi, countiyade was lUummaled b) 
Osage fanners who also rim a sap-: axxffights fittiri under the dininf 
pndob tine BSg Drat «»*■ with tins lighting system, the 
and Jack Haley an entrepreneur tiuee partners hope to operate the 
from Wtehh^', . - Star CSpper year-round. 

Haley owos the Ca\mr Valley “WeNre already taken reserva- 
Railmad, a Hn.mtte areteh that lioos for Qsistmas parties," Randi 
follows the Ceifar River most of tbe . Vining said, adding that the dinner 
way from Qesvflje to Cedar FaBst train bad about 7p00 advance res- 
He bou^t it from the nhnois Cen- ervaiioos and was making a profiL 
nal Gtm Railroad, and bad been “There’s a lot of nostalgia with a 

using it mamfy to had grain. . - . railroad,” he said. “People get to 
*^As far as we know, mt one dse take a ride on a train, and we throw 


.. , - .1 mrn m UAAUUU *> UltHM , IMW « I | MM IW WVV • MU .’V I I I I 1 UVU LAA/AO 

1 y JE said. A former managing editor of worldwide. It publishes 1.200 new 

placed by.csmdkfaghL Oatade, tte ^ Head ^ ^ tbe tides every year, including fiction, 

- venture with bis brothers John and poetry, nonfiction, illustrated 


• . — . • . « 1 I «■ . VWULUIb VT 1 UJ Uio VU/UM J JUlili OUU 

H n I>K ‘‘‘“J 8 Dick. He was knighted m 1952. 

'? "“iSf 8 Despile wcigMy opposiuon, 

uliieis hope to °pcrate ihe sold a^oc iopirs w 

ippersrai-nwBd. a, moolhs. Gcwgc Oiwdl, wiling 

ve already taken reserva- in New FngHtii Weekly, said Pen- 


books and reference works, about 
one-third of which are specially 
commissioned. 

In a BBC interview. Professor 
Richard Hoggart of the University 


_ “We’Ve already taken reserva- ^ New English Weekly, said Pen- Richard Hoggart of the University 
lions for Christmas parties," Randi gums woddbe a disaster for pub- of London, author of “Tbe Uses of 
Vining said, ad ding that the dinner Ushers. Literacy," paid tribute to Penguin 

train had about 7300 advance res- “The cheaper books become, the for helping keep the flame of cul- 
ervatioos and was maki ng a profiL less money is spent on books," ar- ture alight in World War II 
“There’s a lot of nostalgia with a gued OnwlL Ire urged publishers “Great numbers of service peo- 
raUroad," he said. “People get to to “suppress” Penguin. pie were reading Penguins," he re- 

take arideoo a train, and we throw But cheapness and quality called. “They were usually sent 


DOONESBURY 

7M5 BUSH Anm&l&mON. 
HOW DP IT FARE? STAMP- 
ING BY IN OUR UA5HJNG- i 
i TON STUM 15 POWER If 
^ RAFFERTY, ONE CFim 
» VICE PRE5&ENF5 OLDEST / 
^ ASSOCIATES. /_ 




By Thomas Quinn Curtiss 

ItumaiiGwl Htnte Tnbune 

T AORMINA, Italy — Taormi- 
na has been theatrically in- 
clined since the Hellenistic age, 
when a Greek amphitheater was 
built for open-air productions, cir- 
ca 300 B ,cT 

Enlarg ed in Roman tim^ this 
relic of antiquity stands on a hill 
overlooking tire sea. and its si one 
tiers can accommodate audiences 
of 2,000 or more. In the distance, 
dominating the landscape, is Etna, 
puffing clouds of changing hue, 

now smoky gray, now watery blue, 
and at twilight rose-tinted. 

Taormina’s festive] tins year, un- 
der tbe auspices of two municipal- 
ities, those of Messina and of Taor- 
mina, is a mixed affair. Guglielmo 
Boragbi. its administrator, aod 
Mario Natale. his aide, have drawn 
on the arts of the screen, the stage, 
dance and music. 

Its initial week, known as “Viva 
il cinema." included an interna- 
tional film competition, a set of 
non-competing L\ S. movies and 
the visits of a number of .American 
stars: Esther W illiams. Chuck Nor- 
ris, Eva Marie Saint. Tony Curtis 
and Lee Grant the last a member 
of the jury, who brought with her a 
movie she had written and directed, 
bearing the title “What Sex Am IT 
Williams, tbe swimming beauty 
of 1950s MGM musicals, was 
awarded a medal for her cinematic 
contribution, and one of her Tech- 
nicolor extravaganzas. “Dangerous 
When Wet” was projected. Now 
matronly but as handsome and 
cheerful' as ever, she spent her time 
in Taomuna training a team of Si- 
cilian girls in synchronized swim- 
ming. ‘Hie team is to be entered for 
the 198S Olympics, on which she 
will report for television. 

“Funeral" by Juzo Itami was 
voted the best of the competing 


MR.RAFFERIY. 

TPHAVE 

tggj* ’ vsenm 

geot&wsh? m9St 


that the dinner fishers 

X) advance res- "The cheaper books become. 


films. It is an absorbing revelation 
of the Japanese rites that accompa- 
ny a senior citizen of lofty position 
from his final gasp to his grave; the 
grimness of its subject is Imbteoed 
by occasional wry humor. This ma- 
cabre, sardonic study of death cere- 
monies is distinguished by its direc- 
tion. acting and originality. 

The second prize was awarded to 
"David, Thomas and the Others” 
by the Hungarian director Laszlo 
Szabo; it is a coarse, rustic comedy 
about a Magyar peasant communi- 
ty and a drunken schoolmaster re- 
luctant to forget Ids wife’s infidel- 
ity. The theme is that of Pagnol’s 
“Baker’s Wife," but the recipe for 
providing laughter is qol Even 
among the semi -civilized there is 
nothing funny about seeing an ani- 
mal tortured or children bang mis- 
treated by a soused pedagogue. 
Two French actors, Jean-Louis 
Trimignam and Jean Rochefort, 
dubbed into Hungarian, take part. 

Third prize went to Beano 
Trautmann’s West German film 
“Death Jumper." There were act- 
ing awards for .Maggie Smith and 
Liz Smith for their performances in 
the British “Private Function" and 
fix' Bruno Ganz. Rene Soustendijk 
and Gerard Thoolen for their act- 
ing in the Dutch film by Dimitri 
Frenkel Frank, “Ice-Cream Par- 
lor,” an attention-holding tale 
about the fate of a Jewish refresh- 
mem-bar proprietor when the Na- 
as occupy Amsterdam. 

The effect of two American films 
on Sicilian womanhood — George 
Butler's “Pumping Iron II: The 
Women” and James Bridges' “Per- 
fect” — remains to be seen. Both 
films concern the feminine body- 
building craze in the Uaited States. 
Sicilian audiences watched them in 
stunned silence, though loud laugh- 
ter broke out when John Travolta 
as a snooping journalist in “Per- 


THE RECORD SPEAKS FOR 
ITSELF DURIU6 THE BUSH 
mwmmoN.mmm 
WAS AT PEACE, TIE ECONOMY 
REM/WED ROBUST, AfPOUR 
rnmaiOORSOYESABA 

„ NATION WPS RE- / 

El /VmMEP ' 


feet" joined the women in their 
frantic work-out exercises and 
leered at his stone-faced instruc- 
tress, Jamie Lee Curtis, 

The wonders of the cinema hav- 
ing been duly celebrated, the festi- 
val turned to the theater with a 
series of Shakespearean produc- 
tions. some highly unorthodox. 

Flavio Burn has arranged and 
directed an odd combination oT 
two unrelated plays. “Richard II” 
and “Richard III’" playing under ' 
the overall title “My Kingdom for a 
Horse.” Paola Borboni has adapted 
"King Lear" and is playing the 
tragic monarch in a cast reduced to 
berselj and three actresses as Gon- 
erti, Regan and Cordelia. 

The Cheek by Jowl company 
from England is giving the pre- 
miere of its “Midsummer Night's 
Dream” production (in English) in 
the ViUa Comunale, its trade nam e 
being mis ui led to the vast expanse 
of the Teatro Ami co. as the Greco- 
Roman amphitheater is called. On 
the other hand. Giancario Sbragia's 
presentation of "Othello” in Italian 
and Marco Sciaccaluga's produc- 
tion of "Twelfth Night" in Italian is 
braving the open performing space. 

In late August the New York 
City Ballet, the National Sympho- 
ny Orchestra of Washington, a 
company of Cambridge professors 
in a pantomime called "Ceneren- 
tola." the Murray Louis dance 
company in a version of the Brecht- 
W'eiU “Threepenny Opera" and the 
Gulbenkian ballet of Lisbon will 
arrive for guest engagements, as 
will the pianists .Andre Waits and 
Michele CampaneUa. 

At the conclusion of the theater 
program, two leading figures of the 
Italian theater. Vittorio Gass man 
and Franco Zeffirelli, are to receive 
homage for their achievements. 
Zeffirelli is to stage a yet- to-be - 
derided production at the Teatro 
.Anti co next season. 


SOWUfZEL lJH m 
YOU WERE 

wm&sio TMtsSpif 

A GREW fg 
f DAYS. , 


t it from thcIBmcas Cen- creations and was making a profiL less money is spent on books," ar- 
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ainly to had grain. . • .• railroad," he said. “People get to to “suppress” Penguin. 


what v , in an elegant, four?coiu 5 e rntwl It’s proved a winner. As paperbacks over by your wife or girlfriend. 


we're' doing*’. sakL Ranch Vtnmg, very.Tkst dass, not Eke a TV din- caught on, many people [rommod- 

TC -L. IMP IP <V.4PM^ « -- * mil. ■ 1 1 J __ 


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NYSE Most Actives 


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Dow Jones Averages 


| On* Mob Law Loaf dm 

I indu* 13057 1»71 U36S2 134409— LU 
Trent 6KM 700.14 it 7*5 «9iM— *M 
UM 156& 154J0 1S444 liSJl — 154 

Comp S57JS »45 S51J2 SUM— U4 


NYSE Diaries 


NYSE Index 


Adwiacad 
DKttH* 
Unebonsad 
Total Huh 
MOW HitfH 
Maw Law* 


457 MS 

1156 031 

411 407 

MM 1983 

19 44 

9 5 


Provfoos Today 

HIM LOW Cteaa JPJL 
Comco*ft* niA4 11077 1UH HOLM 

IndmtTKJta 127.24 1Z7.1D 127J4 12672 

Tranjp. 11X31 11107 11107 1UB7 

Ulimwo 37.17 SfcK SOM StA 

Flnonca 117m 117M 117J0 115.97 


Odd-Lot Trading In N.Y. 


■or SolM *H>T1 

MMB jmw *8$ 

17X347 442.167 
1*4X14 400511 1345 

174337 14W 

174540 5D7J9I 06 



AMEX Diaries 


NASDAQ Index 


AMEX Most Actives 


Advoncod 

Declined 

Uncnanord 

Total ISMM 
Now Highs 
Mew Lows 


4S7 68S 

1156 BJ1 

411 467 

an* ito 

19 44 

9 S 


Comoosito 

Industriots 

Flnonca 

iRMronoo 

unimos 


Wo M Yaor 

CIOM Noon Abo Am 
30451 3B2B4 30442 29X50 
31169 311J7 31444 30491 
30X31 — 30445 30101 

15X17 — • 35452. 3SLBI 


Closing 


29345 — 
29X75 — 
20143 — 


15451 asm 
29505 29658 
29X29 293.14 
27X03 363119 


1 VaLBMPJU A5JMJ08 I 

Pft9.3PJt.voL 

7ASM80 

Prev coMoHdoted dose 

H5J4LZ78 



Voi. 

HIM Law 

Lent 

an. 

Wlcfce* 

29578 

4'i 

49* 

i\ 


ClfCdo 

12791 

i4to 

14 

14V, 

+ vi . 

Wlcksspf 

4233 

30 

29V 

299b 

— 6 b 

TIE 

4094 

6 to 

16 

SJk 

— to 

BAT In 

Z 2 C 8 

46* 

4to 

46b 

— to 

ICevPfl 

2200 

iito 

lOto 

11 

— 6 * 

EchoB D 

2099 

14 

136k 

13Vk 

— to 

Koshrs 

1604 

349b 

34 

349* 

— to 

WDIottf 

1547 

14<- 

ISto 

14 

— to 

Tvlrivrs 

1458 

39* 

2 to 

29* 

+ 1 * 

Horvev 

1158 

21 k 

2 

2 V* 

+ to 

Amdahl 

1016 

14to 

1461 

149* 

+ to 

OzarkH 

971 

l«k 

106b 

106k 

+ to 

TexAIr 

896 

18'i 

176k 

179b 

— to 

Hmlrtbpf 

837 

20 to 

206b 

209. 



-in ci udod b) The solos flour os 


ToUn Include ttie nationwide prion 
up to the closing oa wall Street amt 
do oot reflect late tradM elsewhere. 

Via The Auoaaled Press 


Standard & Poor's Index 


HIM Lew Clan 3 PAL 
industrials 71X72 212.90 213.18 21152 

Tronm 1*051 17944 179.98 17X18 

umm« 8X82 8X14 8X20 826* 

Flnonca 2271 22J5 2242 22 JB 

Compodta 192.11 19177 19168 n&07 


AMEX Sales 


3PJM.«Olanw 
Prw.lPJLwkwn 
Prev. cons, vnkxno 


X73HOOO 

10350000 

11500000 


AMEX Stock Index | 

Previous Todav 

HIM Low dose 3 PAL 

USDS 33475 23504 m m 


12 Moan . 
Hloo Low Stndi 


oiv. via. PE WaHtobLmr QooL 


Stocks Turn Lower in New York 


« dlD !£25 

poliuo^rl!^ 

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draft: SjTi# 


23M 14- AAR 56 25 IS 

17lb 3V. MIS 11 

161b IM AMCA 

SUM 13 AMF 35t 96 

23H mtAMFad 

9VH 244b AMR 8 

229k UWAMRpf 2U «4 

25* 2246 ANRdf 247 114 - 

14K 76k APL 

61 M . 436b ASA 200 44 


IS 3D 2M> 22 ' 22 

a it*, wv. 166b— vs 

1 n* 72* UM 

* 445 13» IM. mb + Ik 

417 Utb 136h 13Vk 

I 3415 4966 491b 4916 

17 22« UH 2266 + 66 

2 ZHb 236k 23VI 

35 1066 Hik WH* 

1544 44Vk CM 43Vi— l*k 


27" WikAVX JQ 23 » 59 UV. VPk M 

286k I7VS AZF Ul lff 7 JH 7SV. 34ft H 

60 364* AMU* 140 U B 607 56 55V. KM 

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SSL 13V, AcnwC 40 25 M » }« If 6 -?* 
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mk 89k Advfn 5314519208 nib 1166 lgk + 46 

411b 229b AMD 18 2674 30Vb 2566 2996 

1216 696 Adawr 23 14 » 9 Wt » 

151b 96k Aarflax 13 75 149b 14 14 

499b 319b AatnU 244 54 14 7SB gW 4«l 47 

57H 529b A ati.fl URTM .JS5L.Su.8L 
379b lBVa AftnWS UD 19 * 7» 30W 306k 3W4 

J* FtiXS U0 XI 13 iS ^ 

2M6 S aSoFtT 40 24 « 99.2W. 216b 21W + vb 

2Vh 1 A1MOOO ' 144 M 2 3 — 6b 

Wb 27V. A«PrfAX92 ns uimata 3»w 

IflT* 94* AlOPdf 1U0 mb ^dMlb 1MW 1MH + W 

SH 266b ABdnS J* 24 J* ,]38 k 29 30» 29 + 9* 

Sib 23U AlGOO 120 A3 2l 1194 28 276k 2766 — Ik 

3B* 276b AIoSm {£■ XZ » 10.3796 ^Vk Wk-.W 

31 17 AJwAfc 1J» 33 821 279* 27W. J79b— V. 

j5«zgS 

289b 30U A*Olnt 140 6J3 


e naiddf 
xiaffoni 


United Prat International 

NEW YORK — Prices cm the New Yoric 
Stock Exchange were broadly lower late Mon- 
day in light trading as fear of rising interest 
rates adeemed investors. 

The Dow Jones industrial overage was down 
11.54 to 1341.5! an hour before the dose and 
-declines led advances by a 3-1 ratio. Volume 
amounted to about 673 srilikm shares, down 
from 74.6 mfifion in the same period Friday. 


die 4 PM. dose in New ] 
this article is based on the 


or time reasons, 
vat 3 P.M. 


an 273b 27X 979b- K 
75 2496 246k 2496— 6k 
30 7966 Wfk-T 
41 239b 33V. 2316— 1 
a 97 9«M 97 +.W 

383 306k 2996 77*—* 


ana sw Aiofnt w*o ts 

Mb M94 ^ 9 383 306k 2994 2»- 9k 

7 tv» 15 % idtaG fjr IS 239 33 H 224 % 22 % + J* 

ft tv . iwm. A1I0CP TJJ0 4jD 8 IBIUiM W: — W 

gs isr wif9nSg g =5 

2M Sll IM SS 4 ^ Z 

tl« 2998 Alan 1» 35 31 MM Xh Wfc 3AM- w 

139b AdlW -IM . *57 159* HJ* 2S? 7Z 


Prices were lower in active trading cf Ameri- 
can Stock Exchange issues. 

Analysts said cautiousness before the Trea- 
sury's sale of 521.75 billion of new securities 
this week, coocem about corporate profits and 
a prevailing lack of enthusiasm for last week’s 

mmjimmiw are waghing 4*1 the maritet, 

“Last week's budget c omp romise turned into- 
a ‘beach’ compromise,” said Peter Furniss of 
Drexcl Burnham Lamberu "Congress just 
wanted to adjourn and go to the bcteL” 

Mr. Furniss said a ballooning trade deficit, a 
farm bzD for which so resolution is in sight. 


Sv 2^ OTk tSSatVl ri » SBk »k Wt- V9 


rtb 

19Vk W4 
63 636b 

296k 29VS 
6396 6396 
M 
» 

269b 

PS* 

2496 


cant 


of' 

VffS * 9 
j Ottf 



South African civil strife and uncertainty in the 
banking system aO argued for profit-talong. 

The "disastrous” performance of the utility 
index in recent weeks is another cause for con- 
cern, Mr. Furniss said “The market lacks lead- 
ership and is suffering from a dearth of ideas,” 
he said. 

Beatrice Cos. was near the top of tbe active 
list and higher after its chief executive was 
ousted 

ManviHe Corp. was sharply lower after a 
federal bankruptcy judge adjourned until Aug. 
13 a bearing on ManvtUe’s proposed S2^- bil- 
lion plan to settle asbestos-related claims. 

MGM-UA Entertainment was up sharply on 
news Turner Broatlcasting was involved in talks 
to acquire it, and TWA was ahead after finan- 
cier Carl C Icahn offered S24 a share to acquire 
it 

Some airline issues were off slightly. Eastern 
Airlines, which added 2 Vi in active trading last 
week, was lower, as were Pan Americanworld 
Airways, American Airlines and UAL Inc. 

AT&T, General Electric, Caterpillar Tractor 
and U5, Steel were lower. General Motors and 
Ford were off modestly. Late July U.S. car sales 
feO 10_5 percent in lam July from the previous 
year. 


12 Month 

Wahuw stack OJv. ' 

2996 3066 AlCvEt 258 
.6466 42 AtUUdl 4J0 
153 1001b AtIRCPf 280 
186k 106k AtlosCp 

33Va IB*. Auocl M 
54 Vi 3463 AuluOt 88 
5 466 Avoionn 

3166 176k AVEMC 40 
3996 286, A very 40 
IS* 10 Avion n 
41 27 AVOW 50 

>596 IT’b Avon 240 
3066 16V6 A VISIT 


896 

a « 

,ir* IS 
7**> 189* 
21k lb 
f 2 
S9W 3366 
mt in* 
126b 76b 

469b 33b, 
3566 22 9ii 
5*6 2*6 

42 469b 

»b 3261 
5266 m 
«7Vj 27b. 
33W 166k 
2266 1 56k 
47 40 

7666 *564 
U6k 12b, 
226 k 24U 

756b 4396 
27 209b 

. 13 86k 


Sh. Clc* 

MOiwahUMr owncmM 


>4 27 
1109 59Vb 
0141 
37 136k 
249 25*6 
251 5196 
3 5 
94 306k 
408 356k 
6b 18 
334 34T6 

845 2766 
74 211k 


266b 3666 
5896 59vb + 7b 
139U. 141 +2 

13 131k + U 

366k 249b— V. 
50*. 51 -9k 

47b 5 

30*4 309b— •<» 
3496 XSVb — 6b 
1TA 176b — 6k 
34 34 — m 

226b 229.— W 
216b 211k + 96 


12 Mann 
jjgtg Stoefc 
54 3396 BrwnF 

4091 28 '» BmswK 
409k 29 8I-SXW1 
176k 151b BofKtv 
20 659k aurXrM 

216k 141 m BurwCl 
STm 2« Bunind 
686k 4366. BdNtti 
77b 6Vk BTlNOPl 
2396 19 BTINM 
52 466kBTlNDf 
IS'-M II Bwmtfy 
646b SDVk Burroh 
2B9b lXk BOTIrin 
7 166 BUtlK 

15 3W Bines P* 


108 2.1 17 
UM 25 a 

52 15 15 
« U • 

2.64 165 

12 

154 58 
1 M3 22 9 
55 41 
2.12 VJ 
553.10* 

M 35 21 
250 *8.12 

53 XD1D9 


SB. 

MWWMjg 

52* 5196 51 
2S 379. 37Vb 
154 339. 336b 
4 1876 I8*b 
12 101k 18Va 
61 177b 179b 
133 2866 27» 
1009 456b 44 
28y 7 696 

3.2366 227b 
4140x 509b 5064 
95 1296 127b 
455 649. 64 
32 179% 17V, 
2 S3 266 17b 

54 46, 4 


51 — 7b 

379. + 66 
339k— V. 
186k + 14 

ran 

176k — 7k 
2864 

6419— 6 k 
*94 

to 

SBk— 6 b 
126b 

4466— <k 
177b 4- 64 
264 + 14 
464 + Vb 


SIX CUM 

gfct via, pe iMwaup ggLOrgo 

am & a 

UJ5.12J 
220 VL9 
251k 17 


UMMtt 
jMlgi Stodt 

38 6k 3M 
a 111k 
73% 129* 

36 211k 

43tk 30 
41* 1 7b 

266* UV6 
277b in, 

466k 391k 
»2Vk 9tb 
271* 17 
Mfe 2074 
716b 4876 
1976 T3V> 

1*» 9 
151* 107* 

13 99, 

J 2 » 

HU 1566 
7414 SJft 
67 S3 
349* 2894 
26V, 

226b 
B 

161* 

71 

241* 

79 
14 

16 AM 


.72 2.1 24 
JO 2L2 19 
12 

1.40 4,1 9 
150 17 16 

21 

158 55 
1J2 3J 3S 
30 1J 14 
50 U » 
58 25 T2 
354 S3' ■ 

a u ii 
M J 21 
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11.1 
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115 
127 
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44 26 
64 

.14b 5 13 
953k105 
358 111- 
KU0 115 
,50 U 9 
15* 5.7 5$ 


zia 9.9 
58 35 8 
MO 35 9 
473 10.! 

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JO 1J 19 
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150 A7 
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1380 3496 34 
32 141* im 
79 21 Mi 211* 
32 34 337b 

46 436k 427b 
*43 39fc 37b 
324 236b XT* 
Vi 2696 2666 
171 4266 406k 
22 117b 1176 
400 267k 368 
2441x30V, 326k 
S0k 601k 6766 
54 1676 M7h 
230 14V1 1476 
.20 1516 15 

255 107b 1076 
12106 69a C97h 
TtOz 64 *4 

12 S 3274 

* 30 30 

123 2766 271* 
» 141* 136b 
SCO 239b 226* 
23te*nfc Wk 

6 29V, 299* 
90* Wl* MW 
75 239* 236* 

972 \*9b 

7 14 14 

12K 107* 1016 

13 91V6 21V* 
29 1566 IS 

80960416 36'm 
30V37V, 3 r*> 
12 2064 27to 
U I4V6 IPb 
25 979* 37V6 
Mb 24 237* 

148 2266 21V* 
340 339* JJVk 
1 441* 449* 
» 4294 42S 
U)a 65 649* 

10 207* 29b* 


341*— 6* 

1316- 7b 
2116- 1b 
J3» + 16 
43V6 + 1* 
3V6— 1* 
2366 + to 
3tto + to 
4016—166 
111*— Vb 
2*9* +1W 
S3 + lb 
4766 +1 
16to— tb 
149*— 6* 
15Vb— 16 

"Sr* 

tin 

6946— Ito 

64 

33 

30 

2716- to 

14 + to 
3216- 1* 
tolk +176 
2916+ to 
941*— 7* 
237* 

19 +6* 

14—6. 
HR*— 6k 
21V*- 7* 

15 - lb 
361b 
371* +1 

31 — to' 

isa— 4 *: 
3716- to 
231* + I*' 
22 —to- 
33U + to 
646. 

429b 

*416— l* 

206k— 1* 


5 to 19 
to 19V* 
416* 2566 
S6* 17 
Uto 9 
3596 2176 
Uto T194 
ZA6 1176 
M% 22to 
589* 31to 
33 269* 

.607* 4616 
)» 1366 
5»* 3416 
.Mb 29k 
11 4 

177* 1216 
359* 221* 
3576 22 
97 72to 
33 24 

are, im* 

4476 297* 

57 41to 
3U6 2TV, 
«to 779* 
2216 1716 
191b 179* 
61% 3U. 
.816 376 
15 1066 1 

2116 I4U I 
4916 37V* 
246, 186* 
4H6 277* 
269* 19to l 
246k 13Vb I 
269b ISto B 
347b 2l>b B 
30to 14b B 
5876 37bk5 
^Oto J3to i 
TT 36U i 
a 48 i 
39t* 181k I 
•426k 2bV> I 

2Mb Mto 1 
97b 4V. | 
4*66 3766 1 
IS 646. I 
1116 91k I 
U 66 10 to I 
2576 I8to I 
3116 26 I 
6676 436k I 
04V* 92to I 

£»n:i 

81. 167* I 

2966 I 
759* mk I 
396. 29 I 
13 I 
3B6, 22to I 


■ v : b 'w 




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140 O 3* 
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US U 11 
IM X2 9 
252k 9.9 . 
1.16 47 10 
150 28 

97 

.92 35 10 
16 

58 23 5 
US 97 
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.12 5 

.40 
.161 
250 

12 

58 
1 50 

70 20 

77 M 10 


12 Month 
Him Low SlBdt 
1366 5 cnrlstn 
131b *to Qirema 
386k 2Sto Chrvsir 
77 43 Chuoo 

63to SOto Chubb pi , 
2DV4 l»* Church s 
27U 30 a icon, : 
51 36to an Boll : 
191* iito cinCE ; 
341* 246k ClnCpf J 
3»to 37 OnCpf , 
746k 52 ClnGpf 1 
42to ClrGpl 1 
75 54V. ClnCpt 1 

267b lBto ClnMIl 
37 259b ClrdK 

31 20to Uraiv 
30 15 arcus 

519b 321k alien ; 


to 
to 

391b + to 
5576 — to 
55 +1 
3616— to 
337b 

37W + to 
13716— tl* 
44-16 
259* — Ik 
Sto— k. 
48 


Sh. 

. PE I83S High LOW 
17 iito iito 
40 55 139b 12 

3 *592 3ftto 36 
12 187 716k 71 to 

11 60 SAb 
14 718 J6to l*9b 
9 330 24V, 24 

8 47 47to 47to 

7 478 I7»« 17to 
410z 33 Jlfe 
20Ctt 38 38 

300; 7291, 719* 

\ 3tH 56 
an* 73V. 73 
127 21-b 21 
13 170 32 'm 31to 

12 M 22V, 21to 
1b 123 2Th 27*0 
7 2138 477b 47to 
28 to 

23to 
311* 

141a 

19to 
22 V. 
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136k 
I21b 

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25 

37’- 
23'A 
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SW6 
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3012 
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I7to 
11 to 


Close 

Quot CllVe 

ll’o— to 
13 — *1 

36 to + to 
7l9i— 6b 
60 — 6k 
169* — 9S 
MV. — 6b 
4791— lb 
179b — (* 
33 + 6b 

38 

71to— b. 
30 —1 
73 -1 

21 — to 

31*.— to 

22 — to 

2791— V. 
479« + k. 

U 
to 
to 



■w. 



8 












Page 8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 


Mondays 

* 

4 

4 


E 

1 


Tobtai indndsttw nattaowta Prices 
op to ttn dosing on Wall Street 
ami do net reflect tafe trades elsewhere. 


(Continued from Page 7) 


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II Corain J6 4J 11 101 1ZK IM 12*— fa 

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32 cnn lino 43 11 73 am 37*1 am— Oh 

400 CrovRx 24 518 Ufa 95ft 97* +1V» 

23 CroyRwt 10 4ft 4H «1 

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23* 17 Dallas 46 17 11 52 18* IB 18 — fa 

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20* 13 DavtPL 200 113 7 278 18* 17* 17*— * 

44 45 DPCPf 770 124 100* A2 A2 42 — 1* 

66 45* DPLPI 737 123 100* AO 40 60 — 1* 

104 79* DPI. erf 1250 124 100x101 101 101 +2* 

40* Mft DmFd 36 14 IS » 99 38* 38* — ft 

S3* 24 Dtom 130 33 29 759 30 29* 30 

26* 10* DdmP 132 XI 9 215 23ft 23* 33*— fa 

Ufa 30 DellaAr 130 23 8 1247 58 «fa 49*— 1 

7 4* Dai tana 13 5ft 3ft 3ft 

44* 23ft OlxOl s 72 23 18 US 40* 39* 40V. 

28ft 20 DmMlj 130 44 13 53 2? 24* 24*— * 

37ft 29 DaSota 140 4.1 70 A 34 34 34 

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44 35* Kraeor 230 43 11 34* «. 41* 41*— fa 

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33* IS* Knar JB 44 7 44 20* 19* 19ft— W 



Xfa Ufa LACn 
Wfc 23* Lll Ha 337* 97 18 
17* 12* LLE RV £2*147 
4* 1* LLCCP 
n 8 LLCpf 
m 7 I.TV 
19 11* LTV* . 431 34 

35 41 LTV pi 

25* IS* LTVpf £08 15.1 
0 41 LTV PI 579 113 

M* 10ft LTVpf ITS 93 • 
17 lOftlAulnt . 21 

29* IS* LddGs 170 74 7 
inn m Lofaroo to £5 

27* 23 Lairs Pf 244 M2 


241 25 24* 24ft—* 

78 30 29* 29*— ft 

217 13ft T3ft 13* +_* 
190 1ft lft 1ft 
2 9* 9* 9ft— ft 
1571 I* 5* 8ft — ft 
2 12 * 12 * 12 *— -ft 
1 46* 46* 46* 44ft 
2M 20ft 19* 20ft- ft 
S 47 47 47 

13 13ft 13 13 —ft 

51 Ufa 14 14ft— ft 

17 m ZM 22ft- ft 
61 6ft ■ I —V 
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4ft .13* W 15 » M 3*— R 


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25* 12 Loam JO 17 9 
28* 21* LsorPpf 247 1£1 


15 3* 3* 3*— R 

404 n 11* 13 + ft 
225 Vtfa IT* 11*— ft 
44 29* 23ft 23*— ft 


U42 134 
180. 15, 2 
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7M 124 

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1 JO 120 
9.12 127 
40 M 17 
740 114 
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21 15 LnRntS 40 22 14 19 Uft 18 18*— M 

34* 25* LoanrTr 140 44 13 172 31* 31ft 31ft— M 

44M 23* LMBnt 42 £2 19 91 42 41ft 41* 

18* 9ft LOBMOS JOb 1.1 IS 73 18 17* 17*— U 

2 5ft 16* Lee Plat 48 20 10 121 24* 24* 24* 


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15* 13ft Lshmn UBolM 
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24* 11* Leucfft* 4 

49* 34 LrvISt U5 £7 27 
50* 42* LOP TJ2 27 8 


X 2* 2V4 2* 

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148*104 234 1M 14ft 14* + ft 

JO 14 13 23 R* 12* 12ft— ft 

4 28 28ft 19* 19*—* 

US 3J 27 2561 49* 49ft 49* 

TJ2 27 8 19S 49* 49ft 49ft + ft 


W* 66ft LOP at 47S 41 ‘42 71 77ft 71 +1 

32ft 22ft LibfyCp 72 £5 15 159 28* 28ft 28* + ft 

90* 54* Lilly 330 U n 1092 8Sft 54ft 84* 

27ft 11 UmfMs .16 7 29 929 24ft 34ft 2 M- ft 

44ft V* UnCMti 144 <3 » 1170 44 43ft 43ft— * 

23ft 18* UfKPI 2J4a 97 H 23ft 22 * 23ft 4* ft 

80 41* Uttan £ 00 * 25 12 394 79* 78* X94 + ft 

23ft 20 Lttlanpf £D 0 9.1 2 22 ft 22 22 —9% 

50 39ft LocWta 45* JT 9 4KB 53* 57ft 52ft— lft 

42ft 27 Lactlla JO £5 14 16 31* 31ft 31* + ft 

54ft 27* Loam ■ UBa £0 13 75S 50ft 50 50* + * 

38* 23* LUBfeon JO S 19 45 37 34* 37 

36* 25* LcmRn 14 U 11 436 32* 32 32ft — ft 

28* 17* LnmAOs 244 94 10 349x25* 26* 25ft— ft 
4* t LomMwt 95 M 3ft 3ft— ft 

27ft 20ft LrfStor 1J0 7T 5 219 26ft 31 3C* + ft 

51ft 44 LoneSpf SJ7 105 31 51ft 51V% 51ft 


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tHMiLesr adta I HMiL pk SttM 
31ft 33 33ft + ft 
13* Uft 13*— ft 
SB* 90* 30*— * 

21ft 21ft 21* 

55* 55ft 55ft— ft 
109*109 in —ft 
108*108* MM 4- ft 
am az* aw.— ft 
31* 38* 31 — ft 
» ft 90 
15* 15ft 19* 

34ft 34ft 34ft 
58ft 58ft 58ft 
45 45 AS +1* 

28ft 27ft 27ft— ft 
30ft 30* 30*—* 

15ft 14* U 1 
70ft 70ft 75ft + * 

13ft 13* 13ft— ft 
AS* ASft AAft— ft 
19* 19ft If*—* 
tM 10A 188 —ft 
74 74 74 — ft 

22* 22ft 22ft—* 

32* 32 32ft— * 

A* A* A*— ft 
Uft Ufa 74* 4 - ft 
30ft 30* 2Mb— 1ft 
26* 24 24* — ft 

9* 9* 9* — ft 

2Sft 25ft 25*— ft 
11 Uft 18* + ft 
7* 7* 71% + ft 
X 73 29ft + * 

34* 34ft 24ft — * 

35* 34* 25*— ft 
16* 16ft 1 «% 

34ft 34ft 34ft + ft 
50* 50ft SI* 

12 * 12 * 13*— ft 1 78* 

40 
16* 


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A A 

Ufa 27* 
18ft Uft 
32 S 

42* 43ft 
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41* 

son 
12ft 
19* 

15* 

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4 ft 


9* 5 LlLCo 

33 19 LILpfS 

X 17ft LILpfE 
SI Ufa LILpfJ 
23* 9* LILpfX 

22* 10* LILPfW 
23* 9* ULtrfV 

Ufa T2* ULnfU 

Ufa 11 LiLprr 

14* I* LILpfP 
19* 8 * LILptO 


Ate 34 33 34 +1 

lOOx 2 S* 28* 38ft + ft 
l50rX X 30 +W 
98 Zl* X* X* + * 
» X* Ufa Xft— ft 
14 Xft X* X*— * 
54 24 24 26 —ft 

10 28* Ufa 20* + ft 
10 14ft 14ft 14ft — ft 
X 11 17* 18 


180 

1JO 

£1 

U 

14 

19 

40 

£1 

21 

UO 

94 


1J4 TOT 
1J4 104 

7 

322 

78 

13 

120 

42 

11 

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4 

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24 

12 

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£32 

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18 

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7J 


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12 

JO 

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£30 

48 

11 


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an 
» 
14ft 
3445 18 
461 <2* 
620 29 
45 8 * 

25 16* 
61 15ft 
ISIS 73ft 
12 73ft 


' NAC30NAL 
J1NANCIERA 
FLOATING RATI 
NOTES DUE 1986 

Please be advised that for the six 
t months July 29, 1985 to January 
28, 1986 die notes will cany an 
I v i ntere st rate of 8 % P-A. 

The interest doe on January 29, 
Ufe 6 against coupon number 13 
wiH be S US 44,40. and has been 
r ro npuM on die actual namber of 
days efapsed'<184) 
divided by 360. ■ 


Xft 19* Long Da 73 £5 15 191 23* X 28ft— ft 
37ft 23* Lord 52 1 J II 302 34* 33* 34ft—* 


13* 10 * LaGenl JAb4J W 43 11 * 11 * 11 *—* 

X as* La Land UK XI 10 411 33 32* 32*— ft 

25ft 17* LaPoc JOb X? 45 242 20* Xft am— ft 

33* 28ft LaPLpt 4J8 154 61 X* 30ft 31M + « 

25ft 77 LePLpf £16 144 98 22 ft X* 21 ft— ft 

32* 23ft LouvGA £44 M 8 302 27ft Xft 27ft— ft 
X Ufa LOW* 2J0 4.1 ■ 43 49ft Xft 491% + * 

Xft 18* Lewux J4 15 14 906 25 34 34 — ,fa 

25* 199% Lubrrf 1.16 5J14 473x 22 ft 21 * 21 ft 

37* 24* Lufavs JO 1 J 21 137 34* 32* 32*— 1ft 

23ft 14* LuefcYS 1.16 S3 12 S» 22 -X* Xft—* 

14 10* LUfem JB 14 IS 36 15* 14ft Mft-v* 


4] 11* 11* 11*— ft 


47* 49* DefEpf 7 JO 1U 
45ft 49ft DotE pf 745 116 
44* 40 DOtE pf 7J4 11J 
20* 20* DE PTR £24 112 
27* 19* DEpfQ £13 12J 
29* 20ft OEpfB £79 IIJ 
Xft 21* DE «rfO 340 124 
29* Ufa DE PfM 342 1ZJ 
33ft 26 DEerL 4J0 12 J 
34* 86 * DE pfK 4.12 128 
20* 14ft DelEor 2T8 IIJ 
24 M* Doxtor JO 37 11 
14* IS DIGtor J4 4J 
29* 22 DIGIo J rf 2J5 77 
X 15ft DlamS 1-74 102 
38* 34* DtaShpf 4J0 106 
11 Aft DlanaCP JO U 3 


2Mz AAft 44 44 — ft 

3340K 44 63* 44 

20z 42* 42ft 42ft— lft 
31 27 Ufa Ufa 
31 25* 35ft 25ft— ft 
23 2 Sft 25 23 — ft 

33 27ft 27ft 27ft— ft 
11 27* X* 26*— ft 
X 31ft X X* + ft 
35 32ft 32ft 32ft— ft 
8 19ft 19* 19*— M 
94 21ft Xft X*— ft 
235 15ft 15* 15* + ft 
X 29* Xft 29*— * 
1675 17* 17ft 17ft — ft 
X 37ft 37* 37*— ft 
26 18ft 10 10 


4J0 154 41 Ufa 30* 3114 + * 

£16 144 98 22ft X* 21ft— ft 

£44 M 8 302 27ft Ufa 27ft— ft 
200 <1 • 43 49ft 48ft 49ft + * 

J 6 U 14 908 25 24 24 — ,* 

1.14 S3 14 473X 22ft X* Xft . 1 
JO IJ X 137 34* 32* 32ft— 1ft 


DMUda UOO 2J 11 408 37ft 87* 37* 


125* 85ft Digital 13 3354 104ft 102*104* + 1 * 

95 53* Dbnar 126 IJ 49 1534 90* 90 90ft — * 

28* 15 DEIS 140 57 7 72 23* 25* 23ft 

Aft 4 Dh/nJn 3 84 Sft S S — ft 

lift 4* Domna .12 1 «s « a* 8 * 

34ft 23* DomRa £72 9.1 9 1220 Xft 29* 29ft—* 

Xft 14* DonoU 44 15 1 39 18* 10 * IB* 

61* 42* Dontav 1.16 2.1 15 251k 54* 54 54 — ft 

33* 23ft Donor IX 37 13 8 XU 311% 31ft— * 

47* XU Dow J 2 22 13 154 37ft 37* 37ft— ft 

37ft 24ft DowCh 1 J 0 47 14 1619 36ft 36 36* + ft 

X* 3AU DowJn 28 LB X 187 43ft 42* 42*— ft 

15ft 11 Dime JO 17 IX 13* 13ft un— * 

Xft 17* Dmr JO 14 17 1334 X* 22ft 22ft— * 

Xft 15* DanS £00 1QJ 10 19 18* 19 

45ft 30* Oroytaa 40 14 14 279 43 42 42*+* 


51* 3AU DowJn 
15ft 11 Dime 
Xft 17* Dew 
Xft 15* DrwtB 
45ft 30* Droyftra 


61* 44ft duPont UO SO 13 1975 40ft 59* 60* + * 


X duPntpf £50 9J 
39* duPntpf 4JB 94 


17 37 

46ft 47 + ft 


35* 25ft DUMP 240 82 8 1482 31* Xft X*— ft 


80ft 61* Dukepf 880 Nl 5 
77 57* Duhept 7 48 TQJ 

27 23* Duke at TM 10.1 

35 29ft Dukrpf 345 114 
BU AIM Duke pf 826 10J 


a60b 78ft 78* 71ft— ft 
1501 73ft 73* 73ft +lft 
I 24ft 24ft 26*— ft 
10 34* 34ft 34* + ft 
590K 78ft 78 71 —lft 


514 

IX 25ft 
40 2 m 
11 30* 

285 28* 

59 15ft 
1149 30 
124 35 
If 14ft 
264x 22 
16 TO* 10 10W 

«x am x 
S3 13ft 13 18* 

201 X Ufa 21* 
69 22 * 22 * 22 ft 
233 19ft 19ft Wft 
93 14 Uft 13ft 
444 17ft 14* 

301 ”* ss xz 

52* 53* 
16* 18* 
19* If* 
33 39* 

19* 17* 
18 * IB* 
44* 45 
7* 7* 


83* 57* Dun Bril £20 24 22 847 79* 78ft 7m— * 

17* 12 * DunLI 246 124 7 447 14ft 14* 14* 

14ft lift DUQUf 147 T1J 120816* T4U 16* 

17ft 12 * Duqpf 240 12 J 10Hz 16* Ufa 14* + * 

M 13* DuqprK £W 124 6 17* 17* 17* 

X* Ufa Duq pr 2J1 122 940x 19ft 19 19 — ft 

14* 8 * DyeoPt 40 44 II 89 13* 13* 13ft— ft 

26* am DyflAm JO 4 12 45 34ft 24* 24ft 



20 * 28* 
60* 43* 
22* 22* 
lift II* 
33* 33* 
40ft 48* 
17* 17* 
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21* 22ft 
6 * 7* 
5* I* 
11 * 11 * 
15* 15* 
32ft 32* 
47ft 47ft 
42* 42*- 


* ££ 
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544 

IX 22ft 

ms X 57* 

767 27* Z7ft 
93 8 U 8 ft 

72 Xft 21* 

134 38* 37* 

42 26* 3AM 
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73 X* 3M 31% 
2714 49* 48* 4V* 
XX 23* x 73 

S3* 53* 53* 
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33* X 
34 34 

35* 37 
54* 54* 


112 
78 77 

71 71 

M 93 
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19* T9* 


12* T3* 

23* 23* 

24* 24* 

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4B* 48U 48* 
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44* 43* 
37 36* 

30% 36ft 

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64 63* 


17* 
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130 AJ 13 
100 7.1 11 
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£20 4J 7 
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18* 17*. 17* 
28* 27* 28* 
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35* 35* 35* 
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29^ 29* 29* 

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44* 44* 

17* 17* 


32* X 
IS 10ft 


49U 37* 
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73 56 

49 53* 

40* 53* 
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151ft 9ft 


49* 69* 
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W ' Mt W a 9 M T. * 


12 112 17* 77* 77ft— * 

T2 £4 U 122 Xft 20U 20 ft— 1* 


53 29ft Quote)* U« £5 14 AM 50ft 49* ■ 
TO* 90* QuoOpf 9-36 9J 94TOMS 102*11 
23* 16ft OuafcSO JO £6 X 536 22* 77ft ; 
10 * 6 * Ouanax • 22 206 8 * Sft 

34* 23* Quaxtor TJ0 ST 11 185 31ft 38ft 1 
24* 14* Ok Rat I MU B 66 Xft Ufa i 


22* + U 

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23* J RivCT SO IT 
149% jonaw .12 J 
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91* JarCpf 13J0 128 
80* JerCBf 1180 114 
13* JarCpf £18 12 J 
6 Jrwtcr 

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37* JadnCn lJ 6 a A3 
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17 JwtaOf 80 £1 
22* JayMfg 1X0 £7 


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7 138 45ft 
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241%— ft 
24ft- * 

m 

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st + * 

34ft— * 
36ft — ft 
12*- ft 
74ft + ft 
44 -1% 


9V. H f — * 
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42ft 42 4»%+ fa 

34* 34ft 34*— ft 
40ft 39* 39* — ft 
ISM U 15ft— ft 
17ft 17* 17ft— ft 
18 17* 17*— ft 

9 8* ft- ft 

22* 21ft X*— ft 
tufa 37* 37ft— 1* 
1 19* 19ft 19ft + ft 
£19* 19* 19*—* 
55* S 53*— ft 
! 12ft T2U Uft— ft 
10ft 17* 17*— ft 
36* 36* 36* + * 
2X% 22* 23*+ * 
21* 21* 21* + * 
MV% 16 16ft—* 

M* M* 16ft— U 
16ft 14ft 16ft— * 
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467 56 55ft 54 + * 

95 3fl% Wft * 9 % +* 
930 * ft nk— ft 

144x 229% 22* 22*— ft 
500 27* 37* 27ft + ft 
27 10* 10* TOM— ft 
5 19 19 19 + ft 

W9 Ufa 29ft 29*—* 
103 23 28ft 23 + ft 

2 3ft 2* 2ft 
39 W* >14* 14* 

2 i sift 34* am—* 

270 Mft 40* 40ft 
387 37* 35* 37*—* 
39 27U 27 27ft + ft 
116 Uft -18* IS* 

1051 I8ft Uft Uft + * 

102 in I 


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51ft 3784 
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41 32 
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56* 

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1503 52 

213 a a 

VXCL *A 46 
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3» 70* 69* 
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280 52ft 
259 Mft 

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36ft Mft— 1* 
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If* 79ft— ft 





Sfil 359%. UAL 180 IT 74 2447 87* 56% 87*—* 

a Off pf £48 AT in 34ft 34M 34ft- ft 

17* 9 UCCEL a X 16 15ft 15ft— % 

30 25* UDCn 17 Ufa u SS— ft 

34* 17* DGI 2P4 9J) 10 TM Bft Ufa Ufa + ft 

lift mZuncrko i» m? m% ttu—S 









































































































ti'j _•« iS_S .V. 






'ANC^ 

K g *ate 
^DDE mT 

W notes Jan *^v 


lieralb^SSribunc. 


1 4 ie on j 


« ■«£ SL». 
s aX* 13 

1 the «— ■ ^ 


actual 


.iW mS^of 


36^ 


•Principal 

^gagent 


nv^®®RALE 

s ®S« 


SOURG 


bran ^ 1 


BUSINESS/FINANCE 


■ : hik . HlfWttS AMP OWMMM 


Page 9 





Testers 

, lawsuits 



By HJ. MAIDEjVBERC 

Ncm York Tuna Serrk r • 

? YOWC — Hardly an yone in the futures and. 
,*^2^** surprised list week to read the 
s vers “» <* H» unusual events that 
t™*«« - 25S2S“f ff h 80(1 March of Volume 

of New Yod?sComBodiw Exchange. 
“‘Sundered by the affair, few expected 
Futures Trading C ommiss ion to do more than 

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<a 39^ Uj «»,, 

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W hat the collapse of the snail brokerage home mmp«l 
was aty t nai i t allowed several of its customers to write call 

options earning 1.2 mjfifa n 


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ounces of gold, whkhis the 
same as selling Ux buHion 
short. But what was unexpect- 
ed was a S39-an*wnce surge 
ut gold Iasi March 19. winch 
devastated short-selling cus- 
tomers of Vufanne Investors. It 
was the largest one-day per- 
centage rise in gold ever xty 


Funds of solvent 
clients were frozen 
with those of the 
house and defaulters. 



The Associated Press 


Japanese Put Own Stamp on Training 


Last week. Susan M, Philips, rhainrom of the CFTC, said that 
riespite the extraordinary jump in gold prices that day, her staff 
had not found any evidence to suggest «ht the move was 
e ngineer ed by Mrfmwnfing tfi " ^nm % shortt** pw^i 


by forcmg them to pay dearly to boy out of their contracts. 

If short seflm or Volume Investors were not squeezed, they 


100 

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were financ ia lly crashed. Unable to cover their losses, the cus- 
tomers defaulted cm their options contracts. Because brokers, not 
their clients, are responsible for making good on each options or 
futures contract traded. Volume Investors could not meet its 
obffigatkxns to the Cdanex and went into defanll and liquidation. 


By Susan Chira 

New York Tima Service 
ABIKO, Japan — Here, in the shade of 
bamboo and pines, at a company school far 
from their offices, Hitachi Ltd. executives 
gather to study management. In the morn- 
ings, they bear lectures about Japanese archi- 
tecture, American history and the relation- 
ship between the Japanese and nature. In the 
afternoon, they break for exercise, standing 
in slippered feet and stretching to the sky. 


of Hitachi Construction Machine Ca’s over- 
seas service department. 

Jazz sessions and wine tastings leaven the 
menu of required case studies, and the rosier 
of guest speakers includes mountain climbers 
and artists as well as entrepreneurs and econ- 
omists. “We have a saying in Japan — the 


professional business schools; there are gen- 
eral man a gem ent courses offered by employ- 


frog in the pond doesn't know about the 
ocean,” Mr. Shigenaga said. “We don’t want 


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solvent easterners were 
frozen together with those of the bouse and whatever cash was in 
the accounts of the defaulting short sellers. 

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been quite c u mmon recently because of rn mnw^eiarm discounting 
and rising costs, exchanges quickly distribute the accounts of the 
solvent customers to otter brokers. 

But the funds of solvent customers at Volume Investors, along 
with (he assets of the house and its drfmlring customers, have 
bear frozen since March 20. Officials of Comet, Volume Inves- 
tors and the ccurt-appomted receiver, however, have given re- 
peated^ assurances that nondefaulting customers would gel all 
their money as foon as the courts approve certain plans. 

. Last wedc, more customers respemded to these assurances by 
ffling lawsuits: Tteled^ receiver, John F.X Pdoso, partner in 
the New YodcJaw &m of Sage, Gray, Todd & Sms, to observe 
Friday; *1 understand the anger of the JSrm’sinnoaat customers, 
boUhefact ismorelawsuits will ooly further delay the unfreezing 
of the Ands. In any event, ^we can’t do anything until the court 
approves die settlement plans we have placed before it” 

But he conceded that Srinle we sore getting closer to getting the 
S14-nriUkm cash padtiro iqr the TKwrtrfanhirig customers, the 
only thing in place this Friday aftorioon is a common intent fay 
aU conopmed lo jesolve the arfair as soon as possiWe,” 

■ Althoa^iheCFTCfoandthat nolawshad beenbredten 
the-irfCrir-gdosed fernunt byjfteringa numbefr of _ 
aimed ^ preventing sunnar dearies in. the future- This was also 
deemedtinantid hy sotnelxiKhjstry leaders because .die proposals 
could mate jt u necop o pac for xnany small brokerage houses to 
stay in bmri ne m. - > •. . 

- ThepiOpcwalsmdiideraks charges that wcmld in effect, raise 
the capital reqmrmnents of hndcois, require closer and daily 
monitoring of customer positions and create of an industry 
insurance fund similar to the stock market’s Securities Investor 

Protection Cmp'Y ■< ^ ‘ ~ . . 


And in the evenings, over sake and beer, they 


discuss the day's lessons in a class called 
Are One.” 

Management training? Very much so, says 
Yasuhiko Shi g ena g a, director of the Hitachi 
Institute of Management Development. 
Knowledge of Japanese design and airdnteo- 
tnre, he explains, may help a manager tailor 
products to consumer tastes. Classes like “We 
Are One* reinforce Japan's emphasis on 
teamwork and human relationships as the 
cornerstones of good management. And the 


provide a 


every wall at the AbQco 
means to corporate identity. 

But perhaps most important, the classes 
force students to accept the existence and 
importance -of the vaster world within which 
the company must operate. “We learn about 
thing s fflte American history — I don't think 
any American business school would teach 
that,” said Nobuya Yokoo, general manager 


Hitachi employees to become like that. 

In many ways, the fundamentals of Japa- 
nese management training are dmilar to 
those taught in the United States. Japanese 
executives study data analysis, derision-mak- 
ing, accounting, and the like. But the differ- 
ences, rooted m Japanese culture and busi- 
ness practices, are crucial. They mold a very 
different type of manager — the type that 
scores of U.S. management books have bailed 
as models of what effective executives should 
be. 

For example, Japanese managers seem 
more willing to plan for the long term and to 
incur lossesm the pursuit of long-range goals. 
They are unlikely to stint on research and 
development or training, even in times of 
financial stress. They will gn to ext raordinar y 
lengths to insure customer service and to 
inculcate worker loyalty by avoiding layoffs. 

Company-sponsored schools are not the 
rally places where Japanese employees can 
learn basic management tenets, the Kao 
Business School is among a handful of other 


ers’ associations, and there is the so-called 

“hdl training" — a Ifinri of boot ramp for 

employees of small companies that cannot 
afford to run their own schools and so send 
(heir staffs to these privately operated pro- 
grams. 

Unlike the United States, where advanced 
business degrees are highly valued, Japanese 
anies prefer to recrim workers unen- 


! by independent management theo- 
ries. Tims, company schools are by far the 
preferred locale for business education. 
“Companies start with a white doth, and 
then dye it into the colors they like," said 
Non take Kobayashi, a professor at Keio. 

Japanese corporations" expend vast sums 


and effort on this dyeing process. Nippon 
ihone Co. estimates that 


Telegraph & Telephone 
every year 240,000 workers out of its total 
payroll of 512,000 enroll in a company 
course. Hitachi says it spends more than $83 
million a year on education, about two- thirds 
its advertising expenditure. 

Although most Japanese companies do 
maintain separate educational tracks for col- 
lege graduates destined fear management and 
for future factory’ and clerical workers, the 



Turner Confirj 
He’s Discussing 
MGM-UA Buyout 


Cenytird by Our Staff From Qupatehes 

ATLANTA — Ted Turner, the 
Atlanta broadcast 


percent of its own stock in an offer 
that was quickly oversubscribed. A 


Atlanta broadcast entrepreneur, complicated debt agreement tied to 
confirmed Monday that ne is at- the financing of the offer prohibits 


tempting to negotiate a takeover of any highly leveraged takeover, such 
MGM-UA Entertainment Co. for 


about $1J billion in cash. 

Under terms of the proposed ac- 
cord, which analysts said would 
spdl the end of Mr. Turner's bid 
for CBS Inc., Turner Broadcasting 
System would pay 529 per share for 
the big entertainment company. 

Plans call for the merger to be 
completed during the fourth quar- 
ter of 1985, TBS said in a formal 
announcement. 

As pan of the accord, MGM-UA 
would sell its United Artists arm to 
Tradnda Corp., its largest stock- 
holder, which in turn would offer 
former shareholders of MGM-UA 
the opportunity to acquire UA 
stock, the announcement said. 

It said the proposed purchase 
price for United Artists would be 
5470 million. 

“We think the acquisition of 
MGM-UA by TBS will be of great 
benefit to our shareholders,” said 
MGM-UA’s chairman, Frank 
Rothman. 


as that proposed by Mr. Turner. 

TBS declined comment Monday 
on whether it will continue to seek 
control of CBS. Last week. Mr. 
Turner vowed to put together a new 
offer despite the defeat in Federal 
court of a bid to block the CBS 
stock-repurchase plan. 

“Maybe Mr. Turner is on the 
rebound from the CBS rejection," 
said Howard Turetsky, an analyst 
with Prescott. Ball & Turbin. “I 
figured he was out of the baUgamc 
when CBS shareholders tendered 
their shares.” 

Mr. Turetsky, who had earlier 
predicted an acquisition cost for all 
of MGM/UAof about 51. 1 billion, 
said he was "very surprised" with 
Mr. Turner's apparent offer. “This 
doesn't bode well for him to do 
something with CBS.” he said. 

f Reuters. AP ) 


Mr. Turner said the proposed 
acquisition “presents a tremendous 
business opportunity for TBS and 
is an excepuonal fit with our long- 
term business plans." 

The transaction is subject to exe- 
cution of a definitive merger agree- 
ment and to the approval ol regula- 
tory agencies, directors of both 
companies and MGM holders, the 
announcement said. 

Analysis said Monday that the 
SI-5- billion plan apparently si gnal* 
the end of the broadcasting mag- 
nate's ambitious bid to acquire 
CBS in a cash and paper transac- 
tion valued at about 55.4 billion. 

In a complicated defensive ma- 
neuver that appeared to defeat the 
Turner bid. CBS tendered for 21 


W. German 
Industrial 
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Reuters 

SINGAPORE — Singapore is 
an economic crisis with its 
rate falling alarmmply te 
the past 18 months, according to 
Goh Chok Tong, the first deputy 
prime nrimster. 

Mr. Goh told university students 
last week in a speech offimlJy em- 
bargoed for release Monday that 
growth in the second quarter could 
be even below the original estimate 
of zero percent, the island’s worst 
performance. 

“More alarming is the speed in 
which the growth rate has dropped 
every quarter. Starting from the 
first quarter of 1984, the growth 
rate fell freon 10 percent to 9 per- 
cent the next quarter, 8 percent, 6, 3 
and now zero," he said. 

“It is a scary experience to see 
our economic growth rate from 
quarter to quarter dropping at such 
a high rate, be said. 

we cannot open our para- 



Reuters Pretax Profit Up 44% in Half 

By Bob Hageny 

lemoimul Herald Tribune 


other major currencies inflates 
International Herald Tribune profit when Converted into pound 
LONDON — Reuios Holdings terms. 


Goh Chok Tong 


chute in time, it will be a hard 
landing. Then we will not need a 
doctor. We will need a mortician, 
or an undertaker.” 

Mr. Goh warned Singaporeans 
ihflt fan employment might be 
coming to an end. 

Mr. Goh said many companies 
had folded while foreign invest- 
ment commitments had declined 
considerably because of high wages 
and other moating costs which 
had eroded Singapore's competi- 
tive edge. 


*C jj» £? 

d 2-14 ** 


753 




tJMUUJTll 

Va 


; .JPLC rcponea Monaay mat its pre- 
tax profit in the first half surged 44 
percent, partly reflecting pace in- 
creases for certain services and the 
recent acquisition of Rich Inc. 

; The financial information and 
news service said pretax profit rose 
to £43.2 million (559.2 million) 
from £30.1 million in I984’s first 
half. Net profit after tax and mi- 
nority interests was £24.6 million, 
dr 6 pence a share, up from £17.1 
million, or 4.5 pence a share. 

. Revenue climbed 42 percent, to 
£212.8 million from £149.8 milli on 

The results were broadly in line 
with expectations. Reuters shares 
closed on the London Stock Ex- 
change at 285 peace, op from 283 
peace Friday. 

Glen Renfrew, managing direc- 
tor, said he expected “excellent 
growth" in the second half. But be 
cautioned that the results depend- 
ed heavily on the pound's perfor- 
mance in foreign-exchange markets. 

Because most of the company’s 
profit is generated outside Britain, 
any dedme of the pound against 


The company estimated that the 
cost of hedging against adverse ex- 
change-rate movements depressed 
pretax profit by £1 million is the 
latest half. 

Reuters said Rich, acquired last 
spring for £57.5 million, contribut- 
ed £2J million to pretax profit. The 
Chicago-based company is a sup- 
plier of communications systems 
for financial dealing rooms. Mr. 


Renfrew said Rich's sales “are very 
strong and getting stranger.’’ 

Reuters raid it was stm holding 
talks aimed at acquiring a major 
shareholding in U_S.-based Instinct 
Corp., which operates an automat- 
ed trading system frar U^. equities. 
Reuters already has acquired mar- 
keting rights outside Noth Ameri- 
ca for the Instinet system. 

Mr. Renfrew, said the company 
was stiH interested in acquiring 
parts of United Press Internation- 
al. 


Complied by Out Suff From Dupoicfta 

FRANKFURT — West Ger- 
many reported on Monday a 
1.8-percent drop in industrial 
orders in June from May, com- 
pared with a 0.9-percent in- 
crease in May. 

Domestic orders increased 1 
percent, but foreign orders de- 
clined 5J percent from May, 
the government said. 

For May and June together, 
the government said, overall or- 
ders rose 1 percent from March 
and ApriL Foreign or das fdl 
1.5 percent in the period but 
domestic orders rose by 1J per- 
cent 

In the two-month period, or- 
ders for capital goods fell 0.5 
percent compared with March 
and ApriL The government said 
higher domestic orders nearly 
compensated for a drop in for- 
eign orders in this sector. 

Compared with the same 
months of 1985, overall orders 
in May and June were 15 per- 
cent higher, with domestic de- 


mand up 5 percent and foreign 
1 1J percent his' 


Icahn Again Offers to Acquire 1 fTA 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Financier Cari C. Icahn on Monday again altered 
to acquire Trans World Airlines Inc, which already his agreed to be 
bought by Texas Air Coro. 

It was Mr. Icahn’s purchase earlier this year of 33 percent of TWA’s 
common stock, and a subsequent offer to buy the airltafe, that drove 
TWA to accept the offer from Texas Air, the parent of Continental 
Airlines. 

In his latest proposal, Mr. Icahn offered to exchange 524 — $19 JO 
in cash and $4.50 of a new issue of preferred stock —for each of the 
TWA shares his investment group does not already own. Texas Airis 


offering $23 per share — $ 19 in cash and $4 of a new issue of preferred 
TWA — or a total of $925 million for all of TWA f s stock. 


stock in 


demand 
Meanwhile,' the Bundesbank 
reported Monday that West 
Germany’s balance of pay- 
ments swung to a surplus of 
1364 billion Deutsche marks 
(about $484 million) in June 
from a deficit of 1.066 billion 
DM a year earlier. 

For the first half of- 1985, the 
central bank said, the country 
posted a balance -of -payments 
deficit of 6.7 billion DM com- 
with a surplus of 63 bO- 
DM a year earlier. 

The balance of payments 
measures all of a country’s in- 
ternational trade in goods, ser- 
vices and capital transfers, such ; 
as investments. (Reuters, AP) , 


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By Mark Potts its shareholders in its past couple of 

Washington Post Service annual repoFls and shareholders 

WASHINGTON — The folks at meetings, and a company spokes- 
Proct« & Gamble Co. have reason man s^d last week of the predsc- 
to be glum these days. tions of an earnings decline: 

The company’s Crest toothpaste, “That’s everybody’s guess, and it’s 
Tide detergent and Pampers dia- a good one.’' 
pen are bong crowded tor space By Wall Street reckoning, 
on U.S. store shelves by all sorts of Procter & Gamble wiD report eam- 
new competitors — same of them ings for the year ended June 30 of 
offering superior quality and chip- about $640 million — equivalent to 
og away at the company’s huge $335 a share — on sates some- 
arket share in these product lines, where in the neighborhood of S14 
The increased competition in billion. Last year, the company 


le diapers, fra 
instance, which analysts estimate 
Account for 51 billion in P&G’s 
annual sates and HO less than 20 


“ )■ onU. 

newt 
j off Hi 


lost several percentage paints 
of market share in recent years as 
Kimberly-Clark's Huggies and oth- 
er competitors have crane up with 
better diapers and consumers have 
shown a willing ness — much to 
P&G’s surprise — to pay more to 
get them. 


KU 


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these markets and the many others 
in which Procter Sl Gamble com- 
petes is taking its toil on tire con- 
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aut a host of new' products are 
mounting, so much so (hat Procter 
ft Gamble on Thursday is expected 
to announce its first decline m an- 
nual profits in 33 years. 


earned 

cuS12.9 biffionin 
The last time Procter & Gamble 
had a year with earnings like those 
anticipated was 1980. But those 
were the good old days, when it 
seemed Etc P&G could do no 
wrong. Products like Ivory soap, 
Folger’s coffee and Duncan Hines 
cake mixes — in addition to Pam- 


“Basically, Pampers was an. infe- 
rior diaper, it was a middle-of-the- 
road diaper," neither budget nor 
top quality, “and middle products 
don't do very well" says Hugh Zur- 
kahkn, an analyst at Salomon 
Brothers. P&G struck back earlier 
tins year with the much-heralded 
introduction of a more absorbent 
venaon of Pampers, but analysts 
say that at best mat move ma 


SUa-aS.-SL®? K:S2 SIS.t=s?: SRSSSSB 


er companies have crane up with 
better-lasting formulas, gas and 
pump dispensers — all of which 


ago, say t 

no means on the ropes— it is Procter & Gamble had a reputa- 


fljfcStoueyMaritetIta*i 

AngoriS 


uuafl tt LtatA ft — dr Am tt 
HIWVhmi ttaks - . 
Ul ii nt i i nti rt TT r-*~ *-*■*• 
Source; Merritt LynCAAP 


172 

73*2 



. a phenomenally suoasriul and lion as the nonpareil marketer of 
profitable enterprise. But they ray consumer goods and the producer 
the con^y ism for Blau fight to of extremely skilled rates and mar- 
check the declines in market share keting experts, contributing its 
and profits and to regain some alumni, to the marketing divisions 
semblance of its ancckLominant of many other American crapora- 
poritkra. tions. 

“The lead will never he as wide But other companies began fig- 
bs it once was. The world has tiring crat pftCs f crmula for suc- 
changed too much.” says Jay cess — tedwAjgical advances, 
Freedman, an analyst at Kidder 


(Continued oa Page II, Col 2) 


aucM market research and aggres- 


Peabody. “The competitive activity sive selling -— and began com pet- 
in their basic businaa has gotten a ingwith&gii 


UL 

XMKaM 

umnmn 3B» 
wrwrnJkfloV mn 

2»HC» 

UNM »" 

MmrVorfc 


. . . _ „ j giant on its own terms 

lot stronger, and they’ve had some in several $ey P&G product areas, 
pretty aggressive growth plans that The tough new competition, in ad- 
! been a Me mi dower in com- diuon to some blunders by P&G, 

began eating into the company’s 


Loxomboan. Parit 


Zuriat etmUm aad 

o^^ct.AJ)priasinUS.SperaoK». 


Source: 


Executives at Procter ft Gam- 
ble's Cincinnati headquarters, tra- 
ditionally taciturn in the best of 
. times, have been even more so on 
the subject of the company's fiscal 
1985 results. But PAG Has been 
preaching reduced expectations to 


share of some markets if once 
tided. 

“They’ve been losing market 
share m many of their consumer 
products since the 1970s,” says 
Jade Salzmau, an analystwbo foT L 
lows the company tar Goldman 
Sacha 


ARGENTINE 

REPUBLIC 


EXTERNAL U^. $ BONDS 

AND 

BONOS NOMWATWOS 


THE WESTON 


GROUP 


Enquiries to: 
CH-1003 LAUSANNE 
2 Roe de la Prir. 
Telexi 25B69- 
!~-TeL- 021/20 17 *41. 


infleinars Piquet 




^ _ _ 

f t -r— -7 ?, . ~ j ct ^ \ > 

. iH- 7 i ■ 


•\: - •/ 


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'in 1 n'-"^:'!Q^ n-r i iinum, 

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; : *• 4:; 'v’ -• ' *■' '* - \ ■ a m v ' ' ^ - . # b - : 

. ' PARS: ft me Roysle ~ 33, avenne V3 cso^I1d^d - ASiriport Roiray. *Dutv-Prec- • . .i, 

CANNES; 6, la CntisettC (SENfeVE: 68, me du Rhone CRANS-SUR-SfERRE: -Les "Dais Veterans* \ 




w. 






• V 1 • -Ti 


■■ mmm'W.- l - IBtiihaiMaa airrMiM—iiiini iMiiEirmiflTill^r L "" 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 


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10 +ft 
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38ft- ft 
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4ft + ft 
13ft — ft 
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17ft 

i -A 


55ft 17ft ICH I 
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14 3ft 2ft 2ft 
11 2ft 2ft 2ft + lb 
7 14ft 15ft 14ft +9* 
242 2ft 2ft 2ft— ft 
22 1W I* 1W • 
142 34ft 34ft 34ft + ft 
33 12 lift 11%—.* 


Hoating-Itaic Notes 


Dollar 


IsMr/IW. OoMwnNnt 


'Kf' ‘ 



7ft 2009 9955 HUS 



MICROWAVE/TROPO 



BOEING SERVICES INTERNATIONAL 
is a major U.S. Goronment support services 
contractor with c ontr a ct s in the U.S. and 
abroad. 

Right now, wetem the pnx^ss erf accept- 
ing nSsnmds from interested and gualif 
sonndtoworkonanexpanaanofoqr 
Base Maintenance contract in Greece. 

The expansion wfll involve the perform- 
ance ofTtoposcatterand Microwave Commurri-- 
cations Systems Operation and Maintenance 
activities and Logistics Support at various loca- 
tions in Greece. 

Vfe expect to have openings in the follow- 
ing shills: 

AFSCNo. Tide 

30470 Miaowave/TJopo 

Maintenance Scqjervisor 
30470 hficrowave/Tta^O&MT^chnic^ 
30474 Ground Radio Ibchnidan 
30770 Technical Control 
54290 RjwerProductkm Supervisor 
54252 Power Production Specialist 
54272 Power Prodnctjonlfedmidan 

- Applicants should have recent U.S. Air 
fbn» ooposcatter/Mk^^ CE experience. 
Positions may be accompanied 

Please mail your detailed i£snm6 showing 
specific MjcrowaveTftopo (486L and 490L) re- 
lated t raining , experience, present and ex- 
pected salary and clearance level status to: 

BOEING SERVICES INTERNATIONAL 

P.0. BGX220-IHG 

COCOA BEACH, FLORIDA 32931 

BOEING 

SERVICES INTERNATIONAL, INC 




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p p:* Sale of Bowery S&L 
¥0 Is Saul to Be New 

1 Mb St- ft The AisodMud Pros 

m SS + it WASHINGTON — A group of investors 
mm- it beaded by Richard Ravitdi, a New Yorit Giy 
no busmeaman, has completed negotiations to 
nb 4ft pu r c h as e the aSng Bowery Savings Bank for 
n£ m” * S100 millk&i, banking sources said Monday, 
f* The Bowery, the ]Sth4aigest US. thrift and 

«* A*— ft the thnd-Iaigest savings bonk in New Ynk 
TM* m + w state, will convert from annual to stock owner- 
Sft m— ft ship and then bcactpincd bythe Ravilch group, 
aw aa* - w the sources sad. 

»S »b-ft Pbidmg a buyer for the Bowery, wbicb has 
jfwm-w H4 Wbm in assets, bad been among the top 
2 ft US + £ priorities for the FDIC, offiriak there have 
il » —ft said. Under die tenns of the Ravitdiagraanent, 
^ 3 nb^w the FXHCwfflfaraive $171^5 milEtxi in cerlifi- 
» calcs that bad hoped keep the savings bank 
s s -ft finom failing. 

M m + S Bowery woiUd have had a amative net worth 

9 * 1 of about S12J.7 nrillion at the end of last year 

had it not been far the govennnait’s net worth 
certificates. The certificates, which essentially 


4 13W Bft 13ft + ft 

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2 87 42 82 

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KAMA 
% %%%-* 
*8 r p r-* 

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44 33 321b Mft— ft 

147 Mb lft lft— ft 
21 Bft Bft Bft— ft 
M 17ft 17ft ITU— ft 
28 5ft 5 5 —1b 

7 Zlft 21ft 21ft— ft 
109 41V 3ft 4ft + ft 

6 9ft 9ft 9ft— ft 


rf a ») («; 


area form of emergency aid Congress approved 
in 1981 

Founded in New Ycat Gtv in 1834 with 


the nation s oldest savings banka. 

Like many thrift institutions, the lost 
money became il was locked into long-tecm, 
Jow-inlerest loans but forced to pay high rales 
to attract depositors when interest rates soared 
in the 1970s. 

New Yrafs savings banks previously were l 
baaed from selling Mode to nose matey, since 


the state constitution 


savings banks 
After a 1983 


banks to convert to stock and thus 
r massive infusions of capital. 


ADVERTISEMENT — — 

INTERNATIONAL FUNDS (Quotations Supplied by Funds Listed) Augusts, 1985 


U.S. dtanakip is 


Ast equal opportunity employer. 


STOCK US* US* 

DeVoe-HoIban 

international nv 6tt 79ft 

GtyOock 

International nv 29ft'. 3 % 
Quote* » cfc August 5, 1985 


Investors seeking above average 
capital gains in global stock 
markets an simply write us a 
rtoie and the weekly 
INVESTORS ALERT newsletter 
wiU be sent free and without 
obligation. 


First Commerce Securities bv 
Herengracbt 483 
1017 BT Amsterdam 
The Netherlands ' 

Telephone: (0)3 1 20 26 090 1 
Telex: 14507 firco nl 


FOREIGN & COLONIAL 
RESERVE ASSET FUND 

HBCBAT317J&I 
At LL5. DOUM CASH $1032 

B. MUtnQJflSNCY GASH $1074 
G DOUARBOMB ' $1132 
D> WJUlOJRJ»CY BONDS $1142 
£ 5TWW5AKET £1053 

FORBGNiGOtOW. 
*wwsa«flpafflfiLBwiH) ■ a 
14 MiGAsiBisnsr^rifijBuasEra 

TEi 053427351 THBtflfSiS 

muonaeF* cruwx,s& T 
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i accused Pros 

— \ group of iaveswR 
Raviich. a New York City 
completed negotiations w 
i Bowery Savings Bank iff 
jjg sources said Monday. 

IStb- largest U.S. thrift and 
wings bank in New YoA 
ronfmutual to stock owner- 
mired by the Ravitdi group. 

for the Bowery, which ft 
IS. had been among tla a? 
fD\C. officials there frt 
attofiheRawichagwmtt 

rive S171.6 xnilli onarfflifr 
]psd keep the srra® 

uive had a negative now* * 

aUion at the endofhfl^ € 


I New Issues Pick Up 

: . W3NDON ~- Eurobond prices how iwj guess as to Australia issued a £100-raiUioc 

g^ ly- wded^ghay lower yt ^? 801 a trader at a U^. bulldog bond, which will be priced 

tv , Wedmsday to yidd 45 basis points 

dedetytaM. Operates m the dot- » ■ ifie three-tranche issue for CMT o^r the British Treasury UVi-per' 
btr-5tiaiail and floating-rato-noie consisted of a 579.85- cent government bond due 2004- 

seddrs showed few signs of emerg- m *“ ww bond paying 10# percent ° 8 - Also launched was a 50-mi]lion- 
xng Iraip the skfdines, at least be- rn * yean and priced at par, Ausiralian-dollar bond for 
,fdn Tuesday's Start of the U_S. a S147.9S-m31ion bond paying Barclays Australia Finance Ltd. It 


l . _ LONDON — Eurobond p 
g e n e r al l y aided slightly £ 
/Monday after a quia day’s mu 
ddderjfflsi Operators m the 


I vrKRY\TION U. IIKHAI.H tklBLXE. Tl ESUAY, ALGLST 6, 1985 Page ll 


— ^ CURRENCY MARKETS 

Strike Threat Seen Having 7—77 7 “ ; — ■ . 

Little Impact on Gold Prices Dollar, Pound End Litfle Changed 


concerned that Britain’s interest- tomers wanted to sdl the dollar but 


mg from ihesdeimes, at least be- ov ®‘ rivt 
fora Twsdqfa start of the “daSP 
TYeasnrv’s mancriv ref mvfing mr . 

• „ - ’ ^ «, within i£ 

- :HowetttB»doDar-«nught sec- 1# pace 
torsaw-tflttcry of new-issuc activi- JL r 
ty. witb'A three-tranche bond total- ™ “ 

launched for 


H Decent over 10 years and pIS 
at 9S% percent They each finished 
yathu thdr total fees at less 1 # less 
14 percent. 

The final tranche was a 15-year 
tuwwyon bond with a total rc- 


Total repayment value is S96.15 

ssuan LtKssa 

-.Seasoned doltewtraight issues by commercial mortgages. TJe cunat odiange rate is about 

niamlyfini^iedvnth falls of Vkto^l 4588 236 yen to the dollar, 

pomt ea tbe back of lower UA Ja P an Lid. issued a SI 00- Rflc i. .l, 

S_maricds > dealers said. But J*® *** Paying 10# poeem noaSg-ratoloTS 
sdfing was.mmimal ahead of Toes- y»re and pnod at finished little changed, though per- 

daya anction of three-year VS. ^ Dealos Mt^jhat pen^ * 5 ^ on prS- 

Mwnaaent notes. Dealers agreed launched in Friday’s sharp gains, 

the results of the Treasury auctions name of IBVTs Japanese sub- dealers said ^ ™ ^ 

would probaUy be the key to mar- it may be bought directly 

fed sentiment this week. by Japanese investors. It was Japanese convertible bonds were 

. tt___ .. . quoted on the market at less I# less slightly lower after a quiet session 

• ■ 7 r n y g yf r ’ were reluctant to 1 # percent, compared with the to- while sterling straights also dipped, 
predict the outcome of the auc- tal toes of 1 # percent if they changed at all. 


pays 12 % percent over five years 
and was priced at 100 # percent. 

Toward the dose, a 20 - brlli on- 
yen dual-currency bond was issued 
for Credit National priced at 101# 
percent and paying a coupon of 8 
percent in yen. 

Total repayment value is S96.15 


pofeS^nTthe ^ mortal »■ “ «' 

UKalfee^the issues SebS ^"gentle iof 208 yen to the dollar. 

SS?S 5 E”*“— 

Seven Y*?? . ani ^ priced at finished little dinnerd. ihouohner- 


peeause the issue was launched in ,.u.. p^ n ^ c 


ket sentiment this wedc 

. However, they were reluctant to 
predict the outcome of the auc- 


Japanese convertible bonds were 
slightly lower after a quiet session 
wale sterling straights also dipped, 
if they changed at nil. 


FRANKFURT — Cold prices arc unlikely to be affected in the 
short term by the threat of a mmerc' strike in South Africa, Degussa 
AG, the West German precious- metals processor, said Monday, 
Marianne Bender, a technical market analyst with Degussa, said 
the dollar is still the deciding factor for gold prices and the Aug 25 
strike threat is still too tentative to have any impact on prices yet. 

**We have had other strike threats recently, and they were averted 
through negotiations.” she said. u We realize the situation is rather 
different now, but it is too early to predict anything down there.** 

In its latest monthly precious metals report, dated last Friday, 
Degussa said the South African state of emergency had so far hoi 


PT rrzi r^rrwr, '7TU n r -, . . « v r, • rr, , vx; « irrr. ■ » rr rr 


afternoon at S323.75 an ounce, up S3 from Friday’s dose. In quiet 
post-fix trading, gold was quoted at S323.15. 

But dealers said Monday that news of the possible raineworkers' 
strike prompted further heavy selling pressure on South African 
mining shares and Deutsche-mark -denominated Eurobonds from 
South African issuers. 

“Prices of South African issues recovered a little last week after the 
first panic over the state of emergency subsided, but they resumed 
th dr downward trend on the weekend's news,” a London dealer said. 

Prices for South African mark-denominated Eurobonds ended 
trading around SO pfennigs (about 5 'A cents) down on pre-weekend 
quotes. A 7tt-percent sovereign South African bond due in 1992 fell 
to around 944 from 93. 

Mining stocks showed losses across the board. General Mining 
Union Corp. fell 3 DM on the Frankfurt Bourse on Monday, to 32 
DM, but trading was thin. 

“There is strong selling pressure, but there are still some speculators 
who want to buy at the current low- levels.” one share dealer for a 
major West German bank said. 


r ~ The coded nue advantage, which has attracted were waiting for the currency to go 

Utile changed Monday from Fn- foreign capital is shifting to the through a full technical correction. 

s <£*e as slow interbank buy- United States. He said the market ^ dollar ratcs ^ EllTQQ i 

mg faded ra the afternoon season believed UJL rates wffl come down FriSv 

and the market remained divided further, but that U.S. rates could mS^13Ss 5L uo 

on the currency’s ncar-tam trend, start u> rise again as worries about SSi 75 ^&? 9 K^nASnS 
In London, the currency ended funding the tmdget deficit came to Tii ? i Wm £5 

at 25240 against ihn Deutsche , ^ down from 8.63^ 1/910° luta 


at iA£40 against the Deutsche the fore again. 

tg:ffl3s 4tass— — 

2.8198 DM at the afternoon fix ^ 
from 18310 on Friday. One dealer said 

Meanwhile, the British pound 

drifted still lower on fears of fur- 
ther interest-rite aits. Dealers said 
some profit-taking against conti- 
nental currencies was seen after the 
sharp faQ late last wed, but the 
currency still ended mixed. 

It slipped to SI .3685 laic Mon- 
day from Fridays close of $13700 
and 10 3.8648 DM from 3.8718. 

“The market is worried that ster- 
ling’s favorable interest- rate differ- 
ential might be eroded further,” 
said one U.5. bank dealer based in 
London. “They are wondering 
whether the Exchequer has aban- 
doned its cautious stance on rate 
cuts." 

The dealer said the market was 


e lore again. from , m50 ^ 56>95 

Dealers said most business Mon- Belgian francs, down from 57.14. : 
y was interbank. ta To kya the dollar ended at 

One dealer said corporate cus- 237.45 yen. down from 237.70. 


WE BELIEVE CONTAINERS 
BELONG IN YOUR 
INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO 


For Procter & Gamble, the Golden Days Are Over 


PRIMARY 
PERIOD 
5 YEARS 


Renauk Offices \ 

Reuters 

PARIS — * Crtdit Lycauuris, j 
-the French stale-owned bank, : 
has ureed to boy Renault's at- 
. . Coe building cm the Oamps 
Eyries in Paris for slightly less 
- than 400 mfilkm francs (S463 
milium), a Renault spdeesman 
said Monday. 

Renault, which had a consoli- 
' r dated, net loss of 1235 biBkm 
francs in. 1984, has sold a num- 
ber of assets and subsidiaries in 
recent months in a bid to raise 
funds and restructure its opera- 
tions around car and track 
manufacturing operations. 

Last week, the French auto- 
maker confirmed it had sold its 
Mftmro-Gitane bicyde subsid- 
iary to a smaBbicyde maker in 
Western France. 

Yehide Registrations 
Up 5.4% injapan in Jnfy 

Reuters 

TOKYO Japanese vehicle 
registrations rose 5 A percent in 
July, to 407^97 from 386308 a 


(Continued from Page 9) harder to find big wi 
The result, again, was a market- ^ •ha 1 growth, 
shwe slump. It generally lakes a 

Trying to get evm wrth its up- jor technological brea 
start competitors, P&G has tm- keep up such massive 


harder to find big winners to sus- the past few years, including S150 Duncan Hines cookies have only " 

tain that growth. million in the fiscal year just ended, captured about 5 percent of the F/Y)n/imv DoTrsrm 

It wmeraUv lakes a scries of nta- * Gamble’s.besi hope huge bui crowded cookie market, 

£^.vSmioh?iA for the future currently is a maten- and in orange juice, P&G “spent 

S!50 miUionln thepast ! 8 mSSs BEUING - China will deal 
F&&Xsn*t had maS°of hose luuonaiy syntheuc fal thai^n re- f ur a whopping S percent of the with the growing problems result- 

sj ncc the successes of fluoride du “ c b«esterol levels in food. But market, Mr. Salzman says. ing from ecotomic reforms by fine 

toothpaste and the^riginal concept f ***** ? » g and not through 

of Pampers a couple of decades ^ ^-b^adm^uve mro- 


China Promises 
Light Touch in 


leashed a raft of new and improved p&G hasn’t bad many of those 
products in the past couple of since the successes of fluoride 
ycirs, with mixed results that toothpaste and the original concept 
seemed to indicate that P&G’S of Pampers a muole of decades 


ll generally lakes a series of ma- 
r technological breakthroughs to 
ep up such massive growth, and 


invincible, had eroded. 

‘They’ve been rollii 
products out,” Mr. Fra 


romingjy ago. Some of the company's break- 
throughs in the interim nave been 
a lot of less than rewarding, such as Prid- 
ian said, gie’s potato ehips and Rely lam* 


“They’ve had less than super sue- pong, which fell victim to the toxic- 


cess.” 

Such new offeri 
Hines cookies and 


SSfT The expenses of developing and paoy that’s $14 billion in sales.” 
^j^Se^ro^^Vn a whole flock ^new Mr. Zurkuhlen raii “For that rea- 

products have also cut into P&G’s son, to have anythmg meamngful 
earnings, with analysts estimating you have to go into big markets, 
the company’s overall new-product and in big markets, there’s big com- 
-P- 8 K . S500 adUiSZSr p«ition.- 


shock scare in 1982. 


Lacking technological hits, and earnings estimates," he adds. sure. Chinese economists said 
in search of products with maxi- since most of P&G’s product- Monday, 
mum potential, P&G has had to introduction costs are now behind Bad news relating to the econo- 
enter some fairly large and hotiy it, analysts expect the company to my has become prominent, with a 

contested markets, such as cookies show a bit of a rebound in its new soaring trade deficit, falling for- 

and orange juice. fiscal year. dgn -exchange reserves and a cor- 


1NCREASE 

YOUR 

WORKING 

CAPITAL 

100 % 


GUARANTEED 


RECEIVE , 
EARNINGS OF j 

280 % 

ON CASH ! 
INVESTED 


and orange juice. 

Tt’s very difficult to grow a com- 
pany that’s $14 billion in sales.” 


against Keebiler, Nabisco Brands, 
and Grandma’s, a PepsiCo subsid- 
iary. 

• Such rough competition has be- 
come common for P&G. In part, it 
is caused by most coosumer-prod- 
ods ccrapanies, coming off of flush 
years in the early 1980s, pouring 
money into developing ana intro- 


w-i « n tm • Salzman says. “The question is not °°f .y^ ^ ^ did not 

France Reports FaU m Output SSSSgSSiSSR 


fiscal year. dgn -exchange reserves and a cor- 

“The overall trend in their mar- ruption scandal involving high ofli- 
ket shares seems to be firming, and c ^ s among news reported, 
in some cases is beginning to come P n a report carried by Agence 
back up,” Mr. Sahrman says. France-Presse. the deputy mayor of 

At the same time, P&G’s com- “ northeastern China 

petitors arc slowing down a biL said Sauirday that three roBotives 
“Those factors should allow 111 ** a 5>* 

Procter’s earnings to recover,’’ Mr. ™P‘. wouW l ded ^ 1 ? » 
Salzman says. “The question is not Wllhm 0“.y«r ^ they did not 
c/A m..rh on. .h« a^n improve their finances. Snch an ac- 


tmer-prod- th* Associated Press 

off of flush PARIS — France's industrial 

s, pouring production fell a seasonally adjnst- 
and intro- ed 0.7 percent in the first quarter <rf 


» vwrvi* 

growth in the first quarter from the StilL the company that once tow- 

previous three months. GOT mea- cred ^ tfae^onaxmer-products 


" ^ ^ w Communist China.] 

Stifl, d»e company that ona tow- 

SSS 0 ?^ «onomy," said Wu Shenql a _se- 


RETURN OF 
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# The Transco Group is the 
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TRANS 
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Telex: 64446 taco ch 
MINIMUM US$12,000 INVESTMENT 


during sew products — many of this year from the last three months 


■urethetotri^ueofg^dsaM !!“£= £«£S 

semees but excludes income from M d it Ly never regain all of TS f JEtt* 

foreign investments. former dominance, m the more • A Chma ’ ^ m “ mter ‘ 


year eariier, and were op 275 per- which were" targeted right at of 1§84, and was down I J percent Since the end of the first quarter, ^imjetitive envirmment'of todav~ ^ ot ^^ytbing an be por- 

oeat from 318,717inJctoe, the Ja- Procter & Gamble. from the year-earlier quarter, the France’s monthly industrial pro- “TbeProcter & Gamble that peo^ Up to ncr^no really big prob- 

pan Automobile Dealers Assoda- “It’s ho accident that so many National Statistics Institute report- duction survey found a Z2-percent D i- an of jncf doon’t ,, e ?^ rg . , 

tier, said Monday. . .new products came against them at ed Monday. decline in April and a U-Jaecnt & tol« 25T . M^nwlnk the afficud np- 


The total coi 

cars, iq) frmn 289^92 a year earfier, guys who cranked up new product monthhr indicates that showed in- 
96.82T tracks, np froot95iQ09, and - cydes,” be added,’ “CTm^ccrup bet- dustriaf output dedrimiginthe first 


rised 308,676 
2ayeareadSer, 


Procter & Gamble. from the year-earlier quarter, the 

“It’s ho aoddent that so many National Statistics Institute report- 
new products came against them at ed Monday. 


r ranees monthly industrial pro- “The Procter & Gamble that peo- ^ 
duction survey found a Z 2 -percent p | c had an image of just doesn’t 


one time,” Mr. Salziran said. “The The result confirmed previous 


and a 1.5 -percent today,** Mr, Salzman says. 


decline in April and a 1.5 -percent 
increase in M^. 

Surveys by ine Bank of France 


Meanwhile, the official maga- 
zine Fortnightly Talks said Mon- 


Tb: Trans Container Marketing AG 
Gellertstrasse 18, CH-4052 Basel, Switzerland. 

Please send me full details without obligation. 

NAME: 

(BLOCK CAPITALS) 

ADDRESS: 


And Mr. Freedman says, “The day that economic reforms tested 


2,100 buses, up from 1,907, the 
group said- Registrations of im- 
ported vrindesrose to 4,724 in July 
from 4,007 a year earlier and from 
4,306 in June, it said. 


three mom 


ter ones. three months of the year as at result 

Iri addition, P&G became some- of unseasonably cold weather, 
firing oL a victim of its own conad- Thecold weather also was linked 

eraWeaJccess. As the company has to France’s stagnant gross domes- 
grown, it has straggled harder and tic product, which showed no 


Forbes 


output derihring in the first* jmd the statistics institute have an- ! tv . th . e “ *° ^ consistently in three dries will be 'extended to 

* - - . rr. another 55 whan centers. 


tiripated a moderate rebound in 
(he second half of 1985, when 
scheduled personal lax cuts are ex- 
pected to boost consumer spend- 


dominant is in the past' 





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lOL^MONEY 

AlNTHEEJGffllES. 

f ^LOND(^OCrC»ER2t-25i1985L 

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12L2S +.W 

T34XS +.90 


CATTLE (CMW 
aauoibirantipirlli. 

stjb sara Aug saxa mat 

*5-90 51*5 Oct M 57*5 

STM 55.15 Dk SOSO 59X7 

*7X5 5SJJ0 Foil 59.55 £0*0 
67X7 57 JO Aar 6075 *1X0 

6625 saio Jun 6155 6075 

65X0 5070 AUB 

Eat. Sales Prav. Sola# 14J7D 

7w.DarOmM&wSini 

FERDBR CATTLE (CME) 

6COOO Itar cads per lb. 

MM 50 30 Aus MM 65X0 

7X00 57X5 5 vp &, TO 6407 

7130 57.15 Oct *0.15 6133 

7130 3&3S NOV 6125 64X0 

79X® 4M Jon 65X0 66X5 

MUSS 61,10 Mar 65X0 66X5 

7065 CU5 APT *620 *6X0 

6100 6130 MOT 6450 *3X5 

Est Sales Pnev. Sates 2X40 

Prtv.Dav Open Inf. 9,115 aH 215 
HOG5 (CMC! 

30000 Uhl- easts per lb. 

5437 41X7 Aug 44X0 4540 

SUS -MSB Oct 4035 400 

5035 39X0 Dec 4150 4X75 

50X7 4070 Feb 4195 4475 

47X5 30X0 APT 41X5 41X5 

49X5 41X0 Jun 4425 44X0 

49X5 42m Jut . 44X5 4475 

51X0. 42X5 Au« 4150 43X5 

41X0 40X5 Oct 

Eat. Sales F rev. Sates 0X83 

Prav. Dev Open InL 10717 off 111 
PORK BELLIES fCME> 

34000 tas^canfs per lb. 

8BX5 49 JH AUB 55X0 54*0 ; 

7420 50X5 Fab *2X0 *1*0 . 


54X7 +1X8 
57X5 +1X0 
59X7 +1X0 
*055 +1X0 
«1M +1.10 
*273 +1JC 
*1X0* +X0 


*5X0 +UD 
*400 +1X3 
6117 +1.35 
*440 +1X0 
66.10 +1X5 
66X0 +1X5 
bbM +1X5 
6160 +1X5 


45X5 +1X5 
41X0 +1X0 
43X0 +L15 
4445 4X5 

400 +X5 

4190 +J0 

44J0 — ilS 

4325 — AO 

41.10 -XS 


54*0 1+100 
6137 +177 


Industrials. 


learner, aU 




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37 6X2 

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» . 43* 

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44 MS 
17 


Financial 


US T. BILLS (IMM) 
si mnnoi+ptsof lOOoct. 

93X3 1694 .Sap 92*5 92X7 92*0 92*6 

. 9307 8577 Dk 92X0 92X0 92X3 *232 

92X9 5*40 Mar 9191 9193 91J0 91X1 

7228 XJJH Jun 91X4 91X0 91X1 91X7 

raoi oaoa sap 91 X9 91x9 9iX4 nx* 

9172 09JB Doc 1091 9100 9090 9009 

91X9 69XB Mar 9073 

9B01 9093 Jun 90X0 90X0 *0X0 90X7 

EmtiSaln Prav. Sates SM I 

Prav. Dav Open Int. 37050 off 254 - 
It m TREASURY iCBTI 
SlOOLOOOprtn-ptsA32odsonOOpct 
88-21 75-1* Sap I4 h* 5+15 24-2 0+15 

27-13 75-13 Doc 034 B3-W *M 23-15 

2+2 75-14 Mar 03-12 22-19 22-7 02-19 

05-7 74-30 Jun BV14 8+25 01-14 21-05 

8+4 m-7 Sap 20X0 81-2 0+Z1 811 

83-11 804 DOC 8+9 BO-12 800 50-12 

Eat. Sates Prgv.5r.fe; 

Prav. Day Opanlnt. 60052 
US TREASURY BONDS CCBTJ 
(I Kf-SUMQ+Ptl tttmjs of 100 pet) 

79-12 57-10 SOP 7+22 754 7+10 784 

7+13 57-fl DOC 73-22 7+2 73-14 7+1 

77-29 SM Mar 73-21 73-1 72-14 7+1 

7+6 56-2* Jun 7123 7+4 71-1* 72+ 

7+31 4+29 Sk 70-29 71+ 7+22 71-9 

7+24 5+25 Doc 20-5 7+17 *W1 7+1* 

7+15 56-27 Mar 49-15 69-2* 4+9 69-2* 

743* *3-12 Jun *94. 

7+37 SjM Sap 4+1* *+T0 *0-16 6+11 . 

72-10 *2-24 DOC M 

*9-1* <74 Mar <7-1* 

EM. Safes Prav.SatetimoOfl 

Prav. Dav Often IntxZMV 


- Stock Indexes 


Clndaxes compiled shortly brim marfcat do+ri 
39 COMP, mo EX (CME) 
points ana oanfs 

1*0X0 1*0X0 Sap 191X0 791X0 190X5 19U0 — X5 

200X5 173X0 DOC 1*4*0 194*0 mH 193X5 — *0 

30375 190.10 Mar 197.10 197.10 195X0 195X0 — IXS 

. 206X0 190X0 Jun T90XS 19095 190*5 19079 —1X5 

Es). Safes Prav. Sates 29X99 

Prav. Dav Opan InL 0A3SS up 1*9 
VALUE UNI DGCST1 
pofrtfigndftnit 

21020 105X5 SOP 204X0 30*90 302J0 203X0 —1*5 

217X8 200X0 Doc 20030 20030 705X5 20*50 — L95 

EM. Sa te s Prav.Salas 

Prav. Day Opan frrt 11X56 affS 
NYSE COMP. INDEX (NYPOD 
points and cants 

lioss 9U5 Sop 111.10 111.15 in.15 110 x 0 —ad 

117X0 101X0 Doc 112X0 112X0 111X0 112*0 -X3 

110X5 109X0 Mar 116X0 116X0 113X0 113X0 —.90 

Prav. Sate* 5X69 
Prav. Dav Omn InL 1191* 


Commodify Indexes 




dose 

Previous 



902J0f 

901X0 ( 


Reuters 

1^1 UK) 

1.714X0 



NA 

11524 


Com. Raseorcti Bureau- 

NA 

221 JO 


Moody's : base 100 : Dec. 31 
p - preliminary; f - flnol 

.1931. 



Reuters : base TOO : Sep. 18. 1931. 
Dow Jonas : base TOO : Dec 31, 7974. 



GMinmoSdkies 


Gommmlities 



Cash Prices 


A*k artm 




INTERNATIONAL 

ESCORT 

* USA A W0RU2WIDE 

Hood office in New York 
330 W. 5Ah SI, N.Y.C 10019 USA 

212-765-7896 

212-765-7754 

1 ■ 

' MAJOR OfiNT CAMS AND 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


(Continued From Back Page) 


ESCORTS & GUIDES 1 ESCORTS & GUIDES I ESCORTS A GUIDES 


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Taiwan Has & 5 %€NP€ool 

Anbn 

TAIPEI — Taiwan has set a tar- 
fft. fi 8J percent growth in its 
os national product in the fiscal 
year ending June 30. 1986. a gov- 
ernment ofnq'al said Monday. 


,News Agency Sign Pact 

KUALA LUMPUR. Malaysia 
— The Kuala Lumpur Stock Ex- 
change and the Malaysian national 
newSspgency, Bemapia, m gripH an 
agpanent Monday to provide in- 
stantaneous Stock-price reporting 
from the exchange to investors, lo- 
cally and abroad. 

Ajoim statement issued after the 
signing said the proposed system 
wu! also disseminate other corpo- 
rate and economic news. 


w S& P 100 
Index Options 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBIAE. TUESDAY, AUGUST 6 . 1985 


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Page 13 


Isuzu Unit 
Is to Build 


tie Associated Tras 

TOKYO,— Isuzu Track of 
America- toes. a sabstfiafy of Ja- 
pan’s major track maker, hunt 
Motors LukwjE build its first U.S. 

patent 


Sumitomo Plans | Apple Plans to Suspend Won to Sell 

Sales in South Afriea Lufthansa 

TOKYO — - Stmtrtnmn RunV 

r j i f. 1 ni imnr M Iw in Cnurh A friea 4fld Stock Slowed 


Peru Cuts Interest Rates on Deposits 


The ptaT-is toassanble the 
chiwii fa aied m KBe bases, with 
production to start next spring. 

The wbikfiaiy, owned 80 per- 
oral bilsn? warn and 20 per- 
cent fcy the loafing concern, C Itoh 
& Co, imlwatfqaariars in Califor- 
nia. Snce iu establishment last 
year, jt has been importing small 
Isuzu Hf trades and medium-size 


. XJ+M aH7 ^ h 

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S«KMiWl 

5»S ^ 4B 

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Industrial 


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s» 16339 161S8 l£5 !35 -tt 

Ww. Sales m **" -tt 
(L7S7 oft S7 


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War 60.40 "jo SS ,J 

SS?f “« Sto S 3 2 

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sr «*» 4 

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21.942 att 1.145 
ei 


hi New York 

TOKYO — Sumitomo R* n V 

Ltd. of Japan nid Monday that 
it plans to open a trim hank in 
New York to nwmgr private 
U-S- pension funds. 

Finance Ministry sources 
said overseas trust brandies of 
Japanese city and tag-term 
haw* an bdo$ allowed to in- 
crease their activities following 
Tokyo’s recent decision to al- 
low nine foreign ^ 
trust businesses in Japan. 

- The S inniiciiBO 'b ranch ’s 
tti win be about SI milHon. 

I Banlringsounxs said Sumitomo 
may he the first commercial 
bank to show interest in an att- ; 
; -business overseas trust sabsid- 

ia ?ull trust buincss abroad by 
Japanese banks at present is 
limited to seven trust banks and 
Daiwa Bank LuL. and to some 
overseas subsidiaries of banks 
taken over by Japanese city and 
Iona- term banks before trust 
and commercial banks were 
separated in die eady 1950s. 

The trust bank arms of com- 
mercial and long-term banks 
have been restricted to assisting 
non- Japanese dients, since they 
are not alkwed to do trust busi- 
ness in Japan. 


By Michael Parks 

Lot Angela Tuna Sente 
JOHANNESBURG — A 
Computer Inc. is suspending i 


States and recent events here, it did 
not want to be in South Africa, and 
so they are pulling out." 

Sales of Apple computers, (ike 


country’s apartheid poliCT and po- hare dedi^^ the past yem due MffptatoSOTeofiBhold- N ^* bai ^8 anlhon!lcs ^ w^«dj their monthly pay w 
fitical pressure on it in the United to South Africa s steep recession, ingin Lufthansa, the prornable na- m a separate announcement, the aboutS265. 

States, the company's South AM- Mr Hotsand said that Apple a “ nal fears . central bank said the interest-rate Private :bus owners said they had 

can distributor has said. bad “ increasing share of that fo™ ral hff than German inves- “dings on bank loans for up to 360 suspended services in Lima for 48 

Apple’s European regional office highly compamve markeL tors win snap up the shares. days is now 110 percent On loans hours to protest about a new fare 

last week informed the distributor. The government had hoped to fa 0 *” * than 360 days the new rate tax. 

Base 2 Ltd. that as of OcL 31 it will r / . TM1 ‘ OT , rt _ c 71 li. sell a quarter of Ijufthansa by the u 120 P® 0 ™*- ■ U.S. Suspension Condemned 

no lon ger sell its range of personal rortsigiwrs l rBUlG end of 1985 as pan of its policy to Luis Alva Castro, the prime min- Two former presidents of Veae* 

compu tm or p<mpheral equipment j j cuiibe state's rde in the economy istcr and economy minister, said zuda said Monday that the U.S. 

m South A/nca but that it will JOJOtut ±TW€SUtlSflt and widen stock ownership in com- interest rates were being lowered to suspension of economic and nrili- 
con tunic to supply roare parts, x panies. -- — 

John Hoisan^manaro director The Aneaaud Prat Bui Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s -w- „ _ _ 

of Base 2. said Sunday. TOKYO — Direct mvestmentm administ^SftilS to takeac- Tor\On P„f c A. 4r *, 6 |-nwiv\ £ 

The U5v computer concern has couni d ^enmned opposition JflPHU X UtS UWll IjtflDlD < 


LIMA — The new government 
of Peru, facing the worst economic 
crisis in the country's history, more 
than halved interest rates on depos- 
its Friday in a move 10 bring down 
inflation. 

The new ceiling an time deposits, 
capitalized monthly, is now* 58 per- 
cent. down from 125-6 percent pre- 


tackle inflation, now running at ury aid to Pent because its failure 
183 percent a year. to repay its forage debt was a 

Another challenge to the week- “drastic" and unwarranted move, 
old government of President Alan United Press International report- 
Garcia Ffaez devek^ed Monday ed from Caracas, 
when Peruvian bank workers and Former V enezadan Presideni 
bus drivers went on strike. Carias Andres Pfcrez said; “Alan 

^ Gareia is a democratic president 
than 25,000 tank worker walked who is not proposing any estreme 
off thorjobs for 24 hoots 10 press n^asures and who recog ni z e s it is 
for a 290-percent pay use. This absolutely necessary to pav back 
would tdre their monthly pay to Uicdebi." AwSe^ivVaS- 
about 5265. dan president, Rafael Caldera, 

Private bus owners said they had termed the U3. more a “drastic" 
spended services in Lima for 48 ar ^ 

hits to protest about a new fare _ ,. c „ .. . 

L r The U3. announcement that it 

T . e „ . . would cut off aid to Peru came 

U. o. onspenaon Condemned after Mr. Garcia said his nation 

Two former presidents of Venc- would not be able to make ray-' 
da said Monday that the U.S. ments on principal of its SI33- 
spension of economic and nrili- trillion foreign debt. 


can distributor has said. bad an increasing snare or tra 

Apple’s European regional office highly compaiiive market, 
last week informed the distributor. 

Base 2 Ltd, that as of OcL 31 it will EV,*™ 

no longer sell its range of personal foreigners IreOle 


foreign rather than German inves- 
tors win snap up the shares. 


Private bus owners said they had 
suspended services in Lima for 48 
hours to protest about a new fare 


Oresris production will be an Foil mist buincss abroad by “.Mr. I-Tmsand said, and tus com 

anmial 300 initially, but outoutwffl Japanese *»**« at present is P“X *** “^cd all its busuiet 

iaowue 10 between 600 aaoTDO in limiied to seven trust radksand fo* - the past s« years, 

three years, isuzn said. The Daiwa Bank 1 n>- , and to some Although a dozen American 

will be supplied to 115. dealers to overseas subsidiaries rtf companies — Chase Manhauar 

use in assembling buses and camp- taken over by Japanese ci wand Bank, Pan American World Air- 
ing vehicles. Iota-term hanW before trust ways and Blue BeQ Inc amonf 

Kentucky “is 10 our 80 aim commercial h««»Vy were than— have recently pulled out ol 

dealers" and the Sooth “is actively in die eady 1950s. South Africa or reduced their pres- 

promoting c or por a te investment," . Tim trust h*"V arms of com- cnee here, Apple is the first 10 say ii 

Isuzu sain, en&bdng its choice of t wm l myt long-term banks hi doing so for political rather than 
location for ihc plain, hare been restricted to assisting economic reasons. 

Nissan Motor Co. produces non- Japanese dients, since they "Apple was quite plain that iU 

200,000 can and trocksa year at its are not ^kwed to do trust bust- reasons were political” Mr. Flea- 

plant in Smyrna, Tennessee, and oe % Japan. sand said. “Apple felt that in view 

Japanese pass ratorahave listed — - of the current feeling in the Uniied 

Tamessee.Gcaa^imd South Car- — 

olina as possible sites for the first fftimriftlT mati i 

Ui ptant bf Toyota Motors* Ja- ^™ M<T W#1P 

pan s biggest anftxnaker Beatrice Cos. board of directors cent in the first half of 1985 and 

Isimi Motors is owned 34.2 per-, removed James L. Dutt as chair- conqjany officials said profits were 
centby Gaioal Motors Corp. and man and chief executive officer of slightly higher than in the same 
supplies GM yith nmaium-sor the food and consumer products period of the 1984 when earnings 
trucks, namely jure GMC Forward oaxnpany in an unqcpcrted action, were 26.4 million Belgian francs 
and Chevrotet Tihmasler. Wffiam W. Granger Jr., the former (5462.000). No figures for 1985 

vice chairman, is to replace Mr. were given. 

CaledtmklffinetoReoDen Dim, who wffl remain as a consul- SheB Franfaise, the French sub- 

. _ . to the conmany. sdiaiy of Sidl Petroleum NV. in- 


The computer concern has Japan oytoragn companira surroa ^ detenxrined opposition 

no direct investment in South Afri- » 2 S. 6 biIhcm y« ($108milhon)m from ^ country V most 


ca, Mr. Floisand said, and his com- June from K5 billion yen & jrear p rom j nen i arch-conservative, (Continued from Pace 9) tions, racing around obstai 
pany has handled all its business “ e Finance Ministry sain Prax^.josef Strauss, the Bavarian years in a factory, pan of the inw courses, and dividing up chores, 

for the past six years. Monday. conservative trader, and Lufihan- on the assem bly line, pan of the Mr. Sato said the new employe 

Although a dozen American The ministry said Chrysler Coro- sa’s board chairman, Heinz Rub- iimg l earning dritu \ j frg ^-r^innng, leave die island as a dose-la 

companies — Chase Manhattan increased its stake in Mitsubishi nan, who was appointed chair man computer-aided de si gn, or rdiabu- group similar to a college da 

Bank, Ran American World Air- Motors Corp. to 20 percent from 15 by the previous Social Democra- tty engineering. Before an employee becomes 

ways and Blue Bell Inc. among percent wtule companies in the i-led government. This immersion in the world of manager, he is sent back to comp 

than — have recently pulled oat of United States and elsewhere n^ ^ah ir aHianri- be- ^ blue-collar employee and the ny schools for the managemc 


Japan Puts Own Stamp on Training 


(Continued from Page 9) 


conservative leader, and Lufthan- on the assembly hne, pan of the 
sa's board chairman, Heinz Rub- time learning sltitk tike accounting. 


tions, racing around obstacle just beginning to buQd their own 
courses, and dividing up chores. schools, said Ichiro Mino, the di- 
Mr. Sato said the new employees rector of the education division of 


resul lina manufacturing experience training an Ann 
is intended to create manager s who business school, 
have a detailed grasp at bow their Some Japani 


: increased its stake in Mitsubishi nan, who was appointed chair man computer-aided design, or rdiabu- 
Motors Corp. to 20 percent from 15 by the previous Social Democra- iiy engineering. 

, percent while companies in the t-led government. This immersion in the world of 

United States and elsewhere a n; aT ir» the blue-collar employee and the 

stepped up investment especially in tVkeca conservative and socialist resulting manufacturing experience 
the field of biotechnology has so far succeeded in blocking the ^ intended to create managers who 

In the first six months of 1985, sale but it won’t be able to hold out a detailed grasp of bow their 
% direct investments in Japan totaled much longer than next year," an 0 “ a P t an > s products are made, and 
92.5 billion yen, or $390 minion, in airline analyst at a major Goman w "° ^ ve a clrarer picture of how 
1,780 separate cases, which was bonk management decisions affect the 

nearly double the year-earijer lev- The government plans to reduce fa ^^‘* . , . . . 

ds, the ministry said. its ownership Sot nearly 80 per- , The e g°! mee 15 dc ^ gncd 

cent at pram to 55 perrint £ aarTOW ±c penological gap 

Mr. SS, whose SStian So- be i weea and workers. 

cal UntaTa partner in the cen- 


Mr. Sato said the new employees rector of the education division of 
leave die island as a dose-knit Japan's employers’ organization, 
group s imil ar to a college class. But in the mid-60s, Mr. Mino 
Before an employee becomes a said, large companies lygn n to 
manager, he is sent back to compa- modify the program to suit Japa- 


ls for the management nesc practices. 


manufacturing experience training an American might get in Hitachi’s Mr. Shi 


“Apple was quite plain that its 92.5 billion yen, or 5390 minion, in 
reasons were political" Mr. Flea- 1,780 separate cases, which was 
sand said. “Apple fell that in view nearly double the year-earijer lev- 
of the current feeling in the Uniied ds, the ministry said. 


Some Japanese educators say 
that the differences between UJ». 
and Japanese business education 


Hitachi’s Mr. Shigenaga de- 
scribed one case he often uses to 
outline company precepts. In 1 970. 
Hitachi took over a company hov- 
ering on the edge of bankruptcy. 


management decisions affect the have bear exaggerated. Others be- 
faciory. lieve that the differences lie not in 

The experience is also designed education, but in the capital struc- 
to narrow the psychological gap lure and stockholding patterns in 
between managers and workers. Japan. These allow Japanese man- 


have beat exaggerated. Others be- The company, a l eader in optical 
here that the differences lie not in equipment, K-iH expanded into of- 
ed ucation, but in the capital struc- fice equipment, but the competi- 


tion was too fierce. 

Hitachi students confronted 


Japanese college graduates are agers a freedom to forgo immediate with this problem usually suggest 


the food and consumer products period of the 1984 when earnings Toyota Motor Corn, is looking at — , . , , 

oampany in an unexpected action, were 26.4 million Belgian francs several sites in Tennessee to build „ J * EJS5 

William W. Granger Jr„ the former (5462,000). No figures for 1985 its first car production plant in the ?. ' , Sf.™' 

vice chrinnanTiT o replace Mr. were given. United Statra, Automoure News, a ^““l^/ f0rc ^ 0Wncrshlp 

Dun, who wfll remain as a consul- Shell Franorise, the French sub- trade paper, said. Toyota officials 
tantto rhe caroany. adiary of Shdl Petrolaim NV. in- have tSS atesm two Tennessee 

duff OB PLC said it reached an tends to dose its Pauillac refinery counties north of Nashville and u 


TBit to the 

duff OB 


it reached an 


orientation program, part finishing cede that many Japanese training 
school and pan boot camp. concepts originated in the United 
“We are t raining them to absorb .States. During the U.S. occupation 
basic knowledge and desired atti- after World war II, Japan's Minis- 
mdes — to form loyalty* to Toshiba, by of International Trade and In- 
to be profn-minded, and to cooper- dustiy sent 14 government and 


NOUMEA, New Caledonia — agreement under which Britofl in the Gironde ration of southwest- bord 
Work wfll resume Taraday at New JlCw ffl earn an interest in the era France bmwS^x make a final said. 


r; Oder's concerns were nor shared 
bordering Kentucky, the paper b > the rest of the business conunu- 


atc with other people," Mr. 
said. 


rr- dustiy sent 14 government and 
to business officials to a supervisor 
training course run by the U.S. mil . 


While that approach may work 
in the United States, it is wrong for 
Japan. Actually, Hitachi chose first 
to reduce the number of employees 
through voluntary retirements, 
sweetening retirement pav and 


CaledonraY main nickel mine in puff-operated North Sea Block derision before next month, a com- Jt „ . — rr _ ..... .. . 

Tbio after being shut for a week 26/ 12. Under the a g reeme n t, if two pany wwlfHaiian said. Unigale Australia Pty. had agreed The government plans new talks companies, sends its students on Industrial Training and Vocational inves tmen t, reduced yaW targets, 

b ecaus e of demonstrations and ob- wrils are drilled, Britoil could ob- Thom 9 on-CSF said it has signed to sell its three milk plants to with Mr. Strauss in September. retreats where they are forced to Training Association sponsored a and dropped the office-equipment 

strnctkms by pro-independence a ^hBnmiia) state and option a 320-mflKon-franc ^37-mimon) Drouin Coop Butter Factory, The Lufthansa’s share sale has be- interact. Toshiba’s retreat involves management-training program division. Finally, employees' pay 
mil ita n ts, m a na gement said Mon- to become operator after complc- contract to supply an integrated air value of the assets sold was come particularly attractive to in- a three-day visit to an island off patterned after the military course, was cut, the company president re- 
day. Offiriajssaid the militants had tionof the first wdL traffic control system to Kenya's not disclosed but Unigate said it vestors s* 110 ® airline’s profits Japan. Employees rise at 6 A.M. to These courses taught U.S. man- tired without any retirement pay 

removed barricades Mocking the ~ - Sahara SA, die Belgian national cmEan aviation authority. The sys- was below 5 percent of Us total net last year reached a record in its participate in problem-solving ex- agemern practices, and they served and the company's dividend was 

mine: imfi™-. g»H traffic rose by 7.4 per- tem, an extension of Kenya's exist- ««« 30-year history. erases — acting out business situa- as mnrigfc when companies were halved 


Unigate PLC said its subsidiary, 
Unigate Australia Pty. had agreed 
to sell its three muk plants to 


To forge that cooperation. To- 'iary on a Japanese air base. Since 
mty or government. shiba, like Hitachi and many other then, MITT and later the Japan 

The government plans new talks companies, sends its students on Industrial T raining and Vocational 
with Mr. Strauss in September. retreats where they are faced to Training Association sponsored a 


ovcrnmeni ana sweetening retirement pav and 
to a supervisor finding employees jobs in Hitachi 
by the U.S. mil- group companies. Hitachi then re- 


scheduled the subsidiary's drill at 
one bank, cat bade on equipment- 
investment, reduced sales targets. 


m-CSF said it has signed to sell its three milk plants to Mr. Strauss in September. retreats where they are forced to Trai nin g Association sponsored a and dropped the office-equipment 

Qta-franc (537-mimon) Drouin Co-op Butter Factory. The Luf thans a s share sale has be- interact. Toshiba’s retreat involves management-training program division. Finally, employees' pay 

o supply an integrated air value of the assets b^ing sold was come particularly attractive to in- a three-day visit to an island off patterned after the military course, was cut, the company president re- 

Qtrol system to Kenya’s not disclosed but Unigate said it vestors s* 110 ® airline’s profits Japan. Employees rise at 6 A.M. to These courses taught U.S. man- tired without any retirement pay 


anfine. said tnrffic rose by 7.4 per- 


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Page 14 


V 


. _ . . _■ - .v j ok. 




peanuts 



BOOKS 






TRACER 


Gxd Whip going in slow motion across the 
sky.* 

“Tf aiy " k oof iheedebratioo of the capti- 
lericKiSartmme. uopag&.juxyj. ^^^^BanlKto’sstaycolSS 
& Schuster, 1230 Avenue of the “Moon Deluxe.* and his first novel. “Second 


vi 1 


liat 


By Frederick Barthdme. 126 pages. $13.95. 
Simon 

Americas, New York, N. Y. 10020. 


1 Chit-chats 
- 5 Grinder 
li Egyptian crass 

14 Noose 

15 Friend of 
Pietro 

IS Bayes or 
Charles 

17 Double 
preposition 

18 Explosive liq. 

19 Cow-headed 


20Ukea fuddy- 
doddv 

23 Rental 
agreement 

24 Greek letter 

25 Ruler or 
industrialist 

28 Babble 

32 Thong, 

- Thailand 

province 

33 He lied to 
Othello 

3S Director 
Mervyn 

37 Problem for 
fuddy-duddies 

41 Susan, of 
songdom 

42 African fox 

43 Mongrel 

44 “Hart to Hart” 

1 actor 


58 Oust 
Guards woman 

59 Accustom 

60 Add and dele 

61 Socceroeat 

62 Responder to 
reveille 

63 "Educating 
."1983 film 

64 Fired 

65 Fumes 

66 Printer’s 
direction 


DOWN 


13 “Thursday’s 
child— far 
to go” 

21 Born 

22 Writer Calvino 

25 N.Z. parrots 

26 Concerning 

27“ Kick Out 

of You” 

28 Boston 

Orchestra 

29 Evidence 

30 Yoga position 

31 Oglers 

34 GeUing agent 

35 Astronaut 
Grissom 

38 Considered 
carefully 

39 Hindu land 

40 Babies, at time 
45 Nobel ist for 

Medicine: 1954 
47 Companion of 
haw 


Reviewed by 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 
AT THE ope ning of Frederick Barthdme's 
/\‘Tracer — his second novd and xfaxrd 
work of fiction — the narrator, called simply 
Martin, is aboard a DC-3, “getting away from 
my divorce; flying to Fort Myers to see my 
wife's sister, woo operated a motdkondo on 
tire golf near there.* 


Marriage," were uwngM by many readers to 
be. Though Martin, the protagonist, has no 
past or future to speak of (wc never torn w hat 
fcedoes for a living or where he comes from), he 
is far more Feeling than, say. Albert Camis*s 
Meursault, the anti-hero of “L'Etranger," 
whom Martin occasionally suggests as be 
walks the Florida beaches. 

Martin weeps over bang rejected by his 
wife. Thar are several meditative passages 
thaibordacmtiretyrkandevrathesemnnen- 
tal: “This girl was nice the way only young saris 
can be,” he recalls of an early love affair. 


This visit strikes one as a slightly desperate way that puis your bean m your throat every 

move on Martin’s part, a dutemng at the moment you’re with her. the way that makes 
brandi just underneath the one from which he every raindrop a thing of terrifying booty. ” 


1 Fast-talking 

2 Up-top 

3 One and the 
other' 

4 Victor's prize 

5 Kind of orange 48 Kenny or 

6 Neglects to Ginger 

include 50 Functional 

7 Like Mazy Lou 51 Toss about 
Retton 

8 Land measure 

9 Fan 

10 Lifelike 

11 Durante 
trademark 

12 Actor-singer 
Kristofferson 


we'll let you 

TAG ALONG TO 
THE BIO cr TY, 
SONNY 


TATTOor&lG 
DONE 


DO YOU DO 
MUSTACHES? 



has just been pushed. And it will not prove 
successful Martin’s sistcr-in-Iaw, Dommics, 
wiD halfheartedly take him up far a whfle, 
finding him “interesting in bed” and a relief 
from me complications of her part marriage. 

Bat Martin's wife, Akx, will descend on than 
in a tic of jealousy. “It doesn’t mean anything,” 
she teOs fttatinT “I mean, miffing ypjLlt’s 
true, but it doesat mean anything. It s just ™ 
tonify with nobody around” Arid by the end 
Martin will have lost both asto^ and be flying 

away again, into an unknown future. 

Barthdme's people inhabit a bleak, 

• — a Florida of pastel motels. 


And then there is the fable told near the 
novel’s end by a young man in “a clerical 
coflar” ariri« «i™g a garden dub I tmch e na . 
According to the fame: two men inhabit a 
luxurious garden set in the middle of a decay- 
ing neighborhood. One man is sad over whit 
lies outside of the garden. The other is charmed 


“The point of this story?” the speaker asks. 
“It is that the first young man's sadness is 
genuine and accurate, iris perception unargu- 
able, bis view moderate, what we might call 
reasoned. The second young man, me one 
whose sight and thought do not stray from the 


Marts, Tastee Freezes, arid “a death row for aanj™ wlwischannedhowevernanOTly.isa 

K n rrmr mnifp 11 ui?i »t » ffi#* hww r u pcf /4mni >tot ** *_i - Tk^ A - - 


boxgcr pints? where the honest ch ara cte r superficial creature, a down. But remember 
around is P. Rob Turner, who is finally fulfill- when the first young man leaves the 


mg his dream of a Pancake House. “Overhead, 
tbarfoilds looked IHra metal plains sKrKng h»4r 

and forth,” Martin observes at one point And 
at another "The clouds were like spills of dark 


lire second 


lands 


ANDY CAPP 


52 Pinnacle 

53 In good health 

54 Step 1 

55 Mine entry 

56 Pittance 

57 State of France 

58 Hot Springs, 
e.g. 


© New York Tbaa. edited by Eugene Maletha. 


DENNIS THE MENACE 



*80lT! HOW MAWTIMB HAVE YOU TOLDMENOTTO 
WAY BALUNTHE HOUSES? HUH,MOV\2' 


Unsaambto these four Jumbtaa, 
one letter to each square, to form 
lour ordlnvy wonts. 


I THAT SCRAMBLED WORD OAME 
by Hand Arnold and Bob Lea 


AMMIX 


JL 

m 


1 FEWAR 


HT 



AMPIGE 



b_ 






Solution to Previous Puzzle 


yHS 


30013 

ansD 

aa □□ 

□033 finnan 
□noa aaHEcanaan 

□□□ Q 

□ rana 
□□ □□ 
□naa 
aaaaaa 
non □□ 
□□□ □□ 
□□a aama 


he is only right, 
he is happy.” 

Along with tire audience. Martin 
this stray: **l pushed off the railing and started 
to go into my apartment, dappin g as hard as I 
could.” It is hard to tdl exactly why be is 
dapping, whether in a spirit of approval cr 
ridicule. One is not even certain about the 
author's attitude toward the fable. But at least 
there is a trace of hope here. That hope, ccfao- 

iswfaat 

His talent 


fine i 


□□DO 


L ENA 


ORAL 


jitfrom, 

may be for tracing the surface of things. But 
life in this book is not entirely nrinimrori, like 
the giant sea creature recalled by Martin and 
dismissed by Dominica as one “of the modi 
ffecMsy ** mysteries of the 1930s.” Martin is 
still looting far monsters. They may be out 
there, swimming just below the snface. 


Christopher L ehmann -Haupt is on the staff of 
The New York Times. 


CHESS 


By Robert Byrne 


blocks his 
8 

ternative 


Ins queen 
P-Q4; 9 N-K5. 


X jTAXIM D lugy, a 19-year- tentative capture. 

1V1 old Queero orientational 7 • . - NxN; 8 BxN also 
master, has won the 1985 Unit- loves Black with problems in 
ed Stales Jmrior Champion- preventing the buildup of a 
ship. Dlugy scored 7-2 in the strong while center, 
all-master round-robin invita- After 9 Q-B2, Lief should 
tional tournament held at the have maintained the central 
Manhattan Chess dob- tension white mntimring to An. 

Second place in this tourney "** ** Pty“g 9 . B- 

forplayere under 20 was taken Instead, hegave the white 

by another I9-year-okL San- qwsen knight a nice outpost 
deep Joshi of Dedham, Mas&, ’ - ■ - IhtP?!; 10 NxP. 
who tallied 6ft*2& 





of. a 


The champion normally “SfS ^ d«troymg the . 

lavs in the World JimiriJ Hack pawn fomatian. 


not send Dlugy or any other rayj" 8 **“hop »i*h is. ... r 22... BxKB; 23 fUQ.NxR, 

American represeiittitive to the „ , . 24 KxB, but the weak black QP 

tournament m (he United Arab i Perils Ljef lad counted on and QNP made it impossible 
Emirates because that nminn “ ; - ■ * but belatedly Tor him to set up a defense, 
has violated World Chess Fed- no ? lccd he would then be After 33 K.-B3, Lief abandoned 
eration rules by refusing to in- vn J nerable , 10 16 N ; B3 ' top *c hopeless struggle, 
vite an Israeli representative, emng^to threaten the QRP by 

gr Sffias-s r 

Queen's Indian Defense. Mp|i^ . Mg?; 11 

The system with 6 N-B3, N- P-N5 wins two mino r p i ec e* for 
K5; 7 B-Q2 is not innocuous a rook); 17 PxP, RxR; 18 RxR, 
for Black —if he captmes with B-Q5; 19 R-R2, B-R4: 20 P- 
7 . . . NxB, 8 QxN, he either N5!, N-Nl (20 . . . N-Ql?; 
accedes White a strong cealer 21 BxB, PxB; 22 N-B6dt costs 
with P-K4 or P-Q5 or else the queen); 21 MxNP!, PxN; 22 





Ptow arrange me dreted tettora lo 
form itn surprise answer, as sug- 
seeted by the ebovo cartoon. 


Answer Aero. 


■ nm wHoirxini 


>09(81118/8 


BUMPY 


(Answers tomorrow) 
EGOISM FINERY 


JumbtoK PUDGY 
Answer What it was when the doctor said, “This 
wont hurt"— 

AN "M.a” PROMISE (empty promise) 


WEATHER 


EUROPE 


LOW 


Mrfle 


lr 


CM)a Del Sol 


FraflMurt 


imw h* 1 


UcPaimai 


Madrid 


Mwldi 

Met 

Ode 

Pori* 


RnUnk 


Bodcbota 

StnatNnrg 

Vaatot 

Vtaww 


HIGH 

e f c p 

34 «3 22 72 

17 63 13 55 
32 N 22 72 

28 B2 2D 69 

21 82 13 55 

21 73 12 54 

.30 61 13 55 

29 82 17 63 

21 12 II 52 

16 61 12 54 r 

3D 86 21 7Q fr 

M 64 10 50 Bh 

17 61 18 50 d 

31 U IS 64 ft 

25 77 17 3 a 

21 82 13 53 0 

IS 64 12 54 st 

29 82 18 64 fr 

27 n 21 70 fr 

35 77 W 66 Cl 

17 63 14 57 a 

36 87 16 61 IT 

29 84 IV 66 fr 

21 73 12 54 o 

27 II 12 56 fr 

27 81 20 68 a 

II 64 ID 50 th 

22 72 17 63 Cl 

27 81 12 51 

15 59 7 43 

29 94 20 68 

19 « U SB 

» 79 13 55 

27 81 19 66 

21 82 U 59 

23 73 8 46 

29 84 >2 56 


ASIA 


Bel ||i 


TBIMI 

Tokyo 


HIGH LOW 
C F C F 

33 97 24 75 r 

JZ 90 34 73 ril 

32 90 27 91 fr 

— — — — na 

38 84 24 75 o 

27 81 21 70 0 

33 91 35 77 fr 

30 St 24 75 a 

14 93 26 79 d 

32 M 35 77 d 


AFRICA 


AHrtin 
Cairo 
Cam Town 


41 106 2D « fr 

36 97 23 72 fr 

18 64 d 

28 82 21 70 d 

23 73 18 SB cl 

— — — — na 

24 75 d 

35 95 22 72 tr 


LATIN AMERICA 


i Aim — ■ — — — no 

Caraea* 21 88 28 68 d 


Zwldi 

MIDDLE EAST 

31 88 14 57 


Madaaty 
lUodt Joadra 


26 75 13 5$ 
25 77 19 66 

NORTH AMERICA 


AadHmee 

Mtaata 


Dmr 

Mrott 

HaaeWu 


TMAVt* 

OCEANIA 


32 90 

39 102 — - 
31 88 21 70 
31 88 23 73 


LK4MM1M 


Mkmndh 


Mew York 
5 m Francisco 
Seattle 


AuckKMd 


is 33 5 41 fr T mm 


2D 61 18 50 pc 

21 82 16 61 if 

26 79 18 64 PC 

28 82 18 66 PC 

31 SB 12 54 fr 

25 77 18 64 Ml 

31 81 & 73 

35 M 26 75 

31 88 17 63 

30 81 23 73 

29 86 16 61 

18 82 16 61 

31 88 23 71 

2V 86 18 M 

21 30 13 SS 

26 » 13 55 

28 82 12 S4 


PC 

fr 

81 

DC 

fr 

d 


PC 

PC 

fr 


Sydan W 3» IT 52 r W N eotoa » 84 19 66 fr 

d<loudy; fe-foeoy; fr4e6r; p-hoU; twwrcom; poeomv doudv; r-raln; 
M>dKnm; tw-mow; imurmy. 


TUCSDAVH FORECAST — CHAMMEU RMBh. m TOffiflK'l!!!' 
11—11(64 — 54) LONDON: Ocudv. Temp. 16—11 (61 —52) .MADRID: doudv. 
Ten» 37-U {9^-^NEW YOIW.-SOW^Twiir Jg — as «4~79). 
PARIS: Ctoudv. Teem. 19—13 166— S5). ROME: doudv. T«mft 31— 19 
(9a — 66 ). TEL AVIV: HA. ZURICH: 00^/- IVami*. 17- 11 tU - -HI. 
SANGKOR: TiwndentwtTH. Tefflft 

Temo. 31—28 (91—82). MANILA: Roln. Tenw. 38—24 (66 — 751. SEOUL: 
aowtfv. Tenw. 26— 21 (79 — >81, SIMGAPORE: Tfmnoeratorfnv Tamp. 3— 23 
(82 - 771. TOKYO! Shower* Temp. 32 — 26 190— »9J. 


Vibrid Stock Markets 


Via Agence France-Presse Aug. 5 

Casing prices in local currencies unless otherwise indicated. 


Shell 

STC 

Ski Qnrterad 
Sun AUIonc* 
Tote and Lvta 


96 

447 

463 

4X 

263 

332 

319 


106 

«« 


] 


ABN 

ACF Holding 
AEGON 
AKZO 
AMd 

AMEV 

A ■Dam Rubber 
Amro Bank 
BVG 

BuefirmannT 

CatandHUg 

ElaavWr-NDU 


503 I Horton 


441 
2U40 
112 
U2 
329 331 

Z79 2B7-5B 


500 

09* 18060 IWSH 

124JB 12150 Kod+Sob 

217 241 Karatodt 

267 269 Kairftiof 261 

K45 848 KkKtawrM 281.®' __ 

97 87.18 KtoecknarWarha 62D 6250 

m W 


263 


CM 


Hoootnrens 

KLM 


Nat Keddor 
NcdHwd 
Oce Vanttor G 
Pakhoed 
PflfflM 
Roixco 
Re d a men 
Roihx» 


RDvnl Dutch 
Unilever 
VanOmmerwi 
VMF Stork 
VNU 


201 JO &)>B Kroup Stahl 
101 JO 101 JO UMg 

^8 \£5T” 

KUO 82 Mem . ..... 

215 2M Muencfc Wwedt 

132 153.10 Nhtdorf 

6650 46JP PKI 
Oil 6250 Port — 

49 jo 49 JO Pmunae 
7660 7590 PWA 

190 1U50 RWE 
34250 345 Rhetamwtall 

g ^8 wr* 

75 % SlBBr 

6580 6180 
19250 19350 Wdla 

U1 PI liiM I _ 

29 2850 5 WUI 

240 w«a J Pnmau : Uf75 
208JO 



AHPJCBS Oeori Index : ZIBJ8 
PrcvloH : ZUM 


codwiii 


Bit East Ada 
Owuna Koae 
CMnaLtoftt 
Groan Ulead 
Hang Sena Bonk 
ttaMrsaa 
China Go* 


EBES 
GB-inoe-BM 
GBL 
Ggvoert 
HoUokgn 
Intorcom 
KredleltMnk 
Pet i t dl n u 
SoeGwMrato 
Safina 
Safvay 

Traction Elec 
UCB 


Unerp 

VWIIe 


Moafoone 


Curreaf Stodt bxtox : 230U9 

Preview : 338197 


1660 167B 
5440 5480 

zi? 2i? I HRHP 

40DD HK Land’ll 

2S 2£ HK Yautnatoil 
™ SS HK Wharf ■ 

g I ggW 

SS « JartlneSec* 
SH ~9 Kowloon Meter 

E™ 2* Miramar Hetoli 
^ 400 New World I 
I Orient Oversees 
[shk PrapB 
I'Sfehi* H 
I Swire Podflc A 
Iral Chsuno HI 
WUh Kwono 
WtomfeCfcA 


2260 23 

1750 1760 
16 USB 
S 68 860 

4750 4755 
2 525 250 

IT 11 
865 860 
1Z20 12.10 
38 37 

655 650 

7JB 750 

460 655 
3650 2120 


AEG-TBMuufWA 13050 13050 2K£° n0 » 

»aaS 5®®"" 


Altana 
BASF 
Haver 

Bar HvPa Bank 
Bov Verelmtaak 
BBC 

BHF-Bank 
BMW 

Commerzbank 
Coot GummJ 
Daimler^Senz 
Desuwi 3 

DeuKdie Bobeaefc 157. 
Deutsche Bank 
Droadner Bank 
GHH 
Horpener 


055 US 
1250 1430 
1610 1670 
•88 880 
42 3950 
7JSS 765 
2.1S US 
wen wjp 
2J0 210 

24jn J5J0 

2iUS 2.10 
UQ 1 
Sum. — 
iX 1JS 
SM SOS 
2225 222$ 


Hans Seas tndex : Wl J8 
Piwtoas : 166359 


21721650 
21550 21550 

3S4 

392 393 

237 23580 
311 313 

421.10 61650, 

SIM8 21S AECI 
1S2 150 1 Ando Am «■ icon 

86758 851 1 An«oAmGo« 


1 JdM 


780 800 
2600 2650 


Bartow* 

156 1 Bfyvoar 
SS3S5S50 I EUrftofa 
26850 27150 I Dr Bam 
166J0 167 I Drlefonfein 
298 300 ; Ehmds 


15800 16275 
IMS 10C 


1075 1150 
6000 4250 
1010 1015 
4023 4225 

1458 1S20 


430 CoM Stoma 
368 DBS 

ThernEMf 322 329 FTOMrNeave 

. TJ.GTOUB 31* 328 HOW POT 

TraMearH** mb m mchcape 

TW 129 129 Mol Banktoo 

Ultra mar 206 20* OCBC 

UOReverC .. W4V/64WZ7/32 DUB 
, United Btoctitts 175 176 DUE 

2400 2625 Vidian 253 235 SMnarHa 


Fad Bank 
Fun Pta 
Fdltou 


7398 7460 

S ■ “ 


1630 

1910 


gv-dSto.! 


2150 2273 


453 


.f™ I F.T.M Index : MU* 


PraaStovn 
Ruantat 
sa Brow* 
stHatana 


6300 6SS0 

13« 1360 I mjujmMb ; 127188 


4350 4625 
1475 1520 
,720 .750 


West Holding 


610 550 

5080 5100 


cmmgta StocMndex : 191158 Bmoi Comm 
Previous : ICfUt 

crod ital 
Eddanla, 
Paranatki 
FW. 


23720 23150 
3190 3240 

loias loro 
2WB .864? 


mg 1M0J 


UK? 


AACaro 
AHlad-Lvm* 
Anglo Am Gokf 
An Brit Fond* 
Assoatrfas 
Bardavs 


[ O ina r oU 
572J6 5739. f IR 

228 


Sgft tx j r r **tro„ 
*S2 5 S5 Altai Canes 

9?W 9908 Boflden 


tM 270 HBkM 
530 5L40 HItocW CaOto 

555 sis Honda 
ill ill 4QPCX1 Air Una 
223 NLQ. Krilma 
NA. 585 K onxal Po wer 

ua 880 ggw wg^MwH 

271 279 Kirin Brewery 

NA. 266 K wnqta a 
NA. HA Ki*w1d 
L 9o LM Kvaoara 
236 247 6Mtsu Electnd* 
540 570 Matsu EtoCWtarta 
880 293 

344 3JB MltautotobtCfaeni 
172 177 WtsaWiJrfEtoc 

372 374 MltwrtiMil Heavy 

Mmito Th am fed Index : 75678 MOBufanicn 1 * 
Previous : 77171 MNwhesM 

Mitsumi 
NEC 

NGIC Insulator* 
N tttfcns a c 

AGA 115 116 1 N todon oS*^ 1 

:.*a % BSSHi 


938 


*SB\ StoM Darby 
Swore Land 
I Vporr Press 
[SStoamsWp 
I STtohae 
United EH 
HOB 


5*7 593 

1290 1«® 
7990 7400 
409 413 

1790 1790 
151 154 

m -7 as 
507 512 

340 
3710 3790 
1310 !»□ 


1590 1630 
419 ‘ 


665 

452 


AS 

730 


739 


927 

■SSI 


142 

397 


BJLT. 

Bee d wm 

BICC 

BL 

Blue Cl role 
HOC Group 


442 ha Ntaeon 
111 113 Nwoun iSac 

190 NA Ofrnmu* 


315 

623 


343 

105 

35 


Boaster indue 
BP 

Brit Home SI 
BrttTe too am 
BrlfAenwoce 

BrftoN 

BTR 

Burmod 

Cow* Wireless 

aurwcaB 
Commercial U 
Cane Gold 
CDurtnutm 

Me. 

OtotUlan 

Drlefonfein 


292 

1W 


299 

Zll 


37B 

525 

137 

166 

207 



530 Standa 
382 SMt 
194 

| WSTM fc,, “ 

279 


Free si Gad 
fiEC 

GenAeddent 

GKN 

Gkn>8 

Grand Met 

GRE 

Gulanen 

GU5 


127 

AO 

453 

279 

SHV, 

343 


3S| AkrUauWe . 
$g Ato Bmm AH. 
IB AtfEMBOdft 
•li Banco! re 

SB Benorab) 
8» Badvaua* 

MO B5NKH3 


501 

1780 


ACII 

AHZ| 

BHPl 

Haroltototo 

BauaalnvBto 

nal Cam emoine 


ICI 

I mperial Group 
Joouar 

Land Securities 
Lapal Geftornl 
UovdsBonk 


373 

677 

179 


Maries and Sp 
Mew Bax 
Midland Baik 
Nat watt Bank 
PandO 
Pllkkurion 

pmhmv 
Prudandai 
Raral Elect 

Rondfonteln 

Rank 

BnstflnH 

Reuters 

Re^lDutcht 

Saatchl 
Solnsourv 
Seors HoWkws 


11 ?S Carrotoor 

]*6 in awraour 

WO « OubMed 

211 212 Dartv - 

131229733 DMMZ 

W m ^SSiHahur 

723 m Europe i 

234 467 Ben 

m bo (jotoroe cap 

373 

684 
182 
266 
292 
<66 
392 
1£1 
303 
M9 

S i 

363 366 

216 268 

664 22 

154 158 

682W SflKt- 


me 

n 79S 
2T78 2173 


291 

666 

319 

162 

383 

148 


LaMeur 
rootdt 1 
MWtoU 
Mdrp 

SgfflBtox 

Meet Hermewrv 
Maannax . 
Ocddmtoto 
Periled Rie 



Cemaiea 
CRA 
C5R 
DcsnMP 

il/V £l#9 SuZT | w f 

2258 2240 

425 417 ffi*B** * 

521 526 JJKSP*" 

450 1392 2XZL 

TBS to mver 

(£ NatAUrt Bank 
sri to News Cara 
m a WBri^m wii 
1430 Ml 

531 534 S^Cgal T/wt 

^ ^s Nation 
mn 7777 nwBTn mirano 

MB mi SSSSSr 8 *"" 

1704 IMS WoaaOOt 
1995 1988 
1137 mo 
1801 1812 
8450 as 
727 712 

Tafcyn 

291 


285 I WMWPJ. index: 1365851 
754 7j<H ProvtoMimms 
355 5-; Row Index : HIAA 

1 2as I Pr e v i ous : MMJa 
S8B 5J6 
3J0 328 


MCMtooria index MM 
Prevfeos : nu* 


Afcof _ 
AsdilChefn 


m 

1534 

1535 

m w- fiKSScsF » sa Brito-ttaoo 

23050.227 ^* 

■ DoM&ppgn Print 

326 m CAC Index : 21540 Palwa House 

-97 ■?7' 9 prevtoes :tiud 



Dalwa Secvrilles 930 965 


680 6M Mta , 

8« PI 5wtss Volksbank 
833 §20 Union Bank 
84? §41 Wlntorihur 
560 568 Zuriehins 

15M ISO SBC Index: mas 
432 . 434. Pravtov* ; 49U0 
■ loso TOM 

1 nl«iL,nu ‘*** Wii NA ITOt 
ovalloMe; «o: ex<ividend. 




OwtnrSan stocks via AP 


"toh LawOewCfipe 


771 

eso 

1090 

3908 






52 * JS! ’Z* 

IS JSt ” + 

S I* lTjre 1716— 

S5S if 6 7 «i+ is 

*22to ZK. 22K_to 



«1» 21to 21to+to 
S9K 9to 916— 16 
536 36 34 —% 

JSto 5to 5to— 

ra*. iSCI 

777 171 739 — 

2S ^ ^ ~ 5 

S# 435 435 

817 , 17 17 

»*_9to 9to+ to 




nnfc 22Vi 22to 

K ff 11 S* + to 
M '& 1K-* 

25*. »to + 
322 22 22 — 

*M» 34M, 34V!i 

Ifffi S.. 44 -w* 

S' s%:? 

V % 

R 33** 

S17 Wto T7 + to 

"Si & 

B Tto 

37to T 7to+ to 
niik ii i% lito-to 

V 7 7 

ik ^ 2 



4W§%exA* 

^|^r x 

^Sgtlr 

H03 C Fofaon c 
ngFiaerdw 
JlSO ftdlnd A 
IJJfCBvFlii 
»G«ntoA 
sgOO geocCem p 
23QS2Geocrafe 

njM O ctorat 

lOOGraBG 

TggGrondnia 

*^OLFor*d 

780 Gt Podflc 
65BGriMtod 
W00 H Group A 

^ffiSj2r A1 

»hSKi 

3490 H Bay Co 
34377 imaneg 
60M Indoe 
2709 Mand Gas 
284600 infl Them 
8M1 Inter Pipe 
sooipu 
12250 Jannodc 

500 Kerr Add 


42Muman 
400 LOntCem . 
BWOLaacm 
66354 Loc Mnrh 
144LpMawCe 
3826Lumon<n 


834 13* 14 + to 

*13to 1» 13to 

« *«.+ to 

Si 3 7W+ to 

JS? Tto 7to— W 

SZMk 2Hk 27H+ to 
299 290 290 

03, pfh 33 + K> 
*14to 14 14 — to 

a* l sT** 

817 1646 IMfc— to 

*21to 21% J) to— to 
EM 25to 2SM— to 
§1M 13 13to+ to 

saoto xu m-S 
mm wn ran 1 
284 2ST 382 — I 
fto ?to 
7to 7to— to 
SJOKi Oto Mto- to 
*3„ M 63+3 
SHU 2DK 21M+ to 

871 . » 2046— to 

MTU nu izto+to 

gito n rtto-to 
822V. 23 2316+ to 

tM 2Hfc 26to+ to 
817 Uto 17 + % 
530 m* 20 

JSS ** ** 

S42M 6397 4256+ to 
H4to Uto Uto 
SU56 Uto 16U+U 

suto . uto Uto 


& 


53756 27to 2746 
5144* Uto Uto— to 
SUM 1299, .13 + 

*33to jn ■£■*+ "7 

S 2 tr » so* a .-- 


Hteh Lew< 


60S AIDS HA 
70600 MKX 
BTUOMdon H X 
SWBMarmraml 
enOMcriaodE 
6378 Malian A f 


300 Notfscn L 

37812 Meranda 
UMmrcun 

smcostamaAf 

lesUPacWAbln 
TSBPaoMar 
4057 PanCan P 
BOOPeniMna 
SOOOPtwnbi Oil 
5m Pine PoM 
WO Place GOa 
lUoapiacBr 
2365 ProvfgD 
sooouestaraa 

WItoTBCM 
9351 Redeulh 
U«1 RdStenhsA 


maosamsf 
78165 Swot Can 
11751 8taH Con 
fflOOSHerrm 

■HBI 


ROSnarAenl 
31184 SMeaA 

100 Tara 
seaoTedcCarA 
T«* i B I 
MS Tex Can 
29300 Thom N A 
34498 Tor Om Bk 
T77SI Torsfar B I 
1997 Traders A f 
>950 True Mf 

1 ?S?JSS e p '- 

30095 Tri lan A 
MO T rinse a f 
21330 TurUa 
ioo un Carted 
6343 U EMBrfse 
731 u Kano 
2D00U SbCOt 
6250Varstl A f 

MOOVesfarsn 
25SBWekf«Md 
HjgW esin un 
W8 Weston 
253SW«ad<NdA 
7180 YkT 


Total mlt49 JWMS1 sham 


*Mto Uto 14to — to 
§15 4® 415 +5 
51» J3» 1316- to 
*1516 M56 l4X-« 
360 335 340 +5 

SJ6to 1«6 1056+ 16 

SSS^^t-to 

. SRfc 65% 64% 

S2D 3D 7M 
§0 39 40 +1 

*716 7(6 716 

«3» 3116 3316- 16 
W UJ6 1656+ 1% 
5» 856 856+ to 

*33Mi 33 33% 

SU5% Uto Uto- 16 
nilA 11 11 V6— 16 

H§ 26 24 

IB na m 

SCto 24 2A%+ to 

M 24V 2456—1* 
CO 430 430 +5 

59 «* lib— 1% 

JH S%% 14 +to 
SZlto 21to 21M>+ to 
*11 to llto 11% 

*11 11 II 

*37 37 37 —1 

, ** » 5% 516+ to 

*2*16 28 28 — to 

*916 9 9 — 16 

SKto 2516 2Sto+ to 

*131% UK l»S+ to 

*30% 30% 3Mfe+ 16 
523 2256 2216 — % 

1M 175 MO +5 
100 96 100—4 

SS% 20% 2056— to 
SM U 14 
«4to Uto Uto+% 
*31% 31% 31 VS 
*21% 21 to 21 to — to 
*23% 23to 23V+ to 
S2B% 27% 2H+to 
EQto 21% 27%+ to 

380 380 310 —IS 

*25% 25% 25% — to 
*26% 25% W%+ % 
405 400 405 —5 

*21 to 215% 2156 — 1% 
*28 27to 28 + to 
60 38 39 —1 

512% 121% 12% 

513 119% llto 

*9 9 9 — to 

M 85 86 +4 

455 445 455 +15 

56% 61% 61% . 

*17% 175% 175%+ % 
*UU Uto Uto 
Wto sen new— % 
5184% ISto lBto— to 
*7 7 7 —to 


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U04BamtedrA 

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riH08 Mn*Tnd 
22230 Nat BkCda 
iwjg Power care 

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3670 Royal Bank 
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512 11% 12 + to 

5115% llto Uto 
516 16 14 

*2116 21 S1J%+ JJ 

519% Wto 19»+ to 
521 21 21 +W* 


531% 311% 31% 

831to Ji 21to+% 


Taioi sale* 1J94AQ3 snares. 


323% ZJI% 2356 + to 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRISINE. TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 


bitration 

otiations 


..;%MujDc^<!has 
. ' ,' ' tm* Ttncd Semee 
NEWYORK—ff baseball nms 


did aoi ask, but Fehr said the pro* 


Seaver Wins Number 300 
On a Terrific Afternoon 


posaJ would saw the owners “easi- 
ly tens mi tens of million* pf dd* 


idtbt Strike Ttteky, Ore canse — ters." 

after "neariy trine months of frnii- The owners would fatr the mon- . 


kss negotiations —could be salary 
arbitration, *el2»yew-old proce- 
dure that iw tire fim to give play- 
OToodtnab&gidnz^iefer^c. 

- That became apparent Sunday 
when each ariemade a proposal oa 
the barefU-pUn coomhutioa and 
the other wjededil because of sala- 


salary cy saved and pm it in a fund for 
3TOCC- distribution to what FehrcaBcd the 
play- “disadvantajed" dobs, 
tge. “Will they say. in essence,** 
today Fehr and, “is that some dubs can't 
salon concrete with other duhs because 
a and of poor markets and kw revenues, 
f sala- One way to change that is to redi- 
icafid red revenues. we're saying don’t 
it wax do it with yoor money; do it with 


tied to. leaving salary arbitration money the players believe is 
onrinmyd /Thc players rriecteri theirs. 

the owners' idea because it was Lee MacPhail, the owners’ chief 


Baked to changing salary arbftra- 

oca •••'■ 


zxgotiaior. said the owners object- 
ed io the plan on two grounds: the 


The arbitration system, which revenue sharirq aspect and the con- 
prepeded . free agency by three dition that the owners drop (heir 
years, has become cntku is the demand for changes in the salary 


years, fias become antic 
owners’ thinking because 
-it is perhaps more respar 


the demand for changes in the salary 

fed artdtraiion aysteau 

for “We’ve been thinking along sm>- 

r .1.. CU.K L- ^1 .L»,' tlu 


tbe cscalauon of than hoe 3ar liflcs,” be said abdat the divi- 

agcncy, and ijcy warn to reianl the non of the television money, 
escalation. ‘That*! something baseball should 


The negotiators aAcan^ after 
about two and a jaaf boors and 
scheduled no farther faasgpumng 
sesMoos. Thry retanied m their of 
frees and awaiced a Bdq*e»e call 


osbed after do rather than have the players 
boors and assoemtha tdl tu bow to do it" 
harammiu Explaining why he did not ask 
to their t£ Fchr for a spcnfic contribution ryt- 


said: “Once they 


from die ocher stdestying it want* made it dear (hat there could be no 


ed to meet vnoi v 

As theywaTted, theposribiHty of 
a strike loomed bogec. Monday’s 
adbedale of Com American Lea^e 
games -and six: National League 
wmescooUbethetastforawlSc 
The pUyecr smidc for SO days in 
1981. 

“If we are not m a position to 
advise the players by Tuesday 
men nog at me latest or Monday 
nigM that there is an agreement, 
the players will not go to the ball 
parks Tuesday* Donald Fefa, the 
nrdon chief, aid. “Players will not 
travel , after Monday nighl’s 
gwnefc" 

' At Sandfl/fi ba rgainin g session, 
the. union moved away from Its 


changes in salary arbitration, we 
the possibility of weren't interested.*' 
areer. Monday’s The owners* proposal was a 


The owners proposal was a 
modification of one U>ey made last 
week Linking their benefit- plan 
contribution to (he escalation of 
salaries. Under (he previous {dan, 
the owners' contribution could 
drop to aero if total player salaries 
iwbyS38mfflionin.oueywr.The 
owners modified that concept fay 
phemg a- floor of $15.5 rmuton a 
year, the current contribution, no 
matter how high salaries rose: 
“Thor response io thal was that 
academically, it sounded good.” 
MacPhail said, “but the fad that 
we said this would be coupled with 
our salary arbitration proposal re- 


tne.umoD moved mm unm ns our salary axtnnmon proposal re- 
demand for one- third, $60 milfion, suited in their having less interest 
of the national television revenue in it than they otherwise would.” - 


in what 
shot at 


Fehr smd was “our best shot at 
reaching an agreement" 

: The proposal called tor the own- 
ers to contribute something less 
than $60 mflfioo ayear to the bene- 
fitplan. The players did not cite a 
specific figure because the-ownens 


The owners, m trying to dilute 
the effect of salary arbitration. 

want to raise the eligibility require- 
ment from two years of major 
league service to three years. They 
also want to limit arbitration 
awards to 100 percent over the 
player's salary the previous year. 



By John Feinstrin 

Haifcog^or. Pan Amice 

NEW YORK — Tom Seaver 
had been lighting Ins emotions aid 
afternoon Sunday. Now be stood 
on tbe Yankee Stadium mound, 




one our away from becoming the 
17th major league pitcher to win 


300 games. 

”1 Celt tike 1 was levitating out 
there,’' he said afterward. “I was so 
nervous today 1 fell like 1 was 
pitching my first major league 
game afl over a gain 1 had a head- 
ache. my stomach him. it was aw- 
ful" 

But minutes before, right fielder 
Harold Baines had just made a ar- 
eas catch on Willie Randolph's line 
drive toward the wall for tbe sec- 
ond out of the ninth innin g. The 
score was 4-1, in favor of Seaver’s 
Chicago White Sox. The third base 
umpire, Terry Cooney, walked past 
Seaver and said softly, “CoDgram- 

I IV— ...... .1.1, n 



is*** 



lations. Tom. you deserve this.” 

Seaver was touched, but prag- 
matic. "Don’t congratulate me un- 
til 1 get one more out," be replied. 

In the dngow. all his teammates 
not on tbe field were on tbe top 
srep. “It was so intense it was like a 
World Series.” said second base- 
man Bryan Little. “I could hardly 
breathe." 


After victory, celebration. 


"it’s been an awfully long time 
since I’ve been that happy after a 
ball game.” he said. “This is truly a 
day I’ll always remember.’* 

So will his teammates. They 
pounded Seaver. shook him and 
bugged bim_ As Seaver walked to- 
ward the dogoul, he saw his family. 
When be hugged his wife and saw 
she was crying, he felt a surge of 
tears himself. 

•*1 thiwfc seeing those tears com- 
ing out of hex eyes may have been 
the best moment for me,” he said 
later, his voice choking at the mem- 
ory. *Tm glad all my family was 
here to see it. This' is a terrific 
feeling.” 

Actually, a terrific feeling, as in 
Tom Terrific, the nickname hung 
on Seaver when he first arrived here 
j to pitch for the New York Mets in 
I 1967. It was on April 19 of that 
" year, on a cold, blustery afternoon 
with 5,379 at Shea Stadium, that 
Seaver got his first victory. 6-1. 
| over the Chicago Cubs. 

• In the years since, Seaver had 
| won ihree Cy Young Awards, had 
1 pitched the occe-piuful Mets id 
two pennants and a World Series 
■ title, had pitched a no-hitter, struck 
out nearly 3500 batters and as- 


On another day, in a similar situ- sured himself of a spot in the Hall 
" ‘ ,u of Fame. He had talked about 300 


breathe. a lion, Seaver might have come out of Fame. He had talked about jOu 

Next to the dugouu Seaver’s of the game. He is 40, cannot throw as something he wanted but kept 

wife, Nancy, his two daughters and as hard or as long as he used to and insisting it vra not all ihai Lmpor- 

his 74-year-old father, Charlie, die White Sox have a lot of confi- tarn. 

leaned over tbe railing. They were dence in Bob James coming out of Sunday, he found out that was 
almost aione among the 54,032 in the bullpen. But not this day. not true. Nervous? “Almost sick." 
the old stadium in that they were u was 6:U P.M. when Seaver he said, 
sitting. went into bis compact motion one 

The hatter was the Yankees’ more time, rocked and threw the 


tarn. 

Sunday, he found out that was 
not true. Nervous? “Almost sick," 


Mike Pagfiaxulo. Dan Pasqua was pitch, a fast ball in on Baylor's 


But, as he has been so many 
times in the past, Seaver was equal 
to the moment. He trailed briefly 


on first base. Seaver. who already hands. Railing out, Baylor swung when the Yankees gor a run in the 
had thrown 141 pitches, threw four under the buS and lofted it h igh third and might have been frustrat- 


siraighi balls for his first walk of toward left fielder Reid Nichols. 


the game. Catcher Carlton Fisk “When he hit it, I thought it was 
walked to the mound to, as Seaver an out," Seaver said “After 19 


put it, “give me a kick in the butt.” years, you sort of know the arch of 


third and might have been frustrat- 
ed by his teammates’ horrendous 
base running that stopped several 
early rallies. 

But in the sixth the White Sox 


who barely beat the relay, a crucial 
play as it turned out. Oscar Gamble 
singled and the Yankees' manager, 


ife-R* 


tlw AaoOBMd Aatt 

Tom Sexier leaned into a pitch that helped him beat tbe Yankees and win his 300th game. 


Fisk told Seaver be was pushing a home run After all. I've given im scored four runs. Greg Walker 
the ball and said simply. < *Yon've enough of them that I should know walked and was forced by Fisk, 
waited a long time for this.” what it looks like." who barely beat the relay, a crucial 

Seaver nodded and stared in at . As tbe ball floated toward Nkh- pky 35 il turned out. Oscar Gamble 
Don Baykjr. pinch hitting for Bob- ots, Seaver stood just off the singled and the Yankees’ manager, 
by Meacham. Baylor was the po- mound, waidiing, waiting. Nichols ®*lly Martin, replaced starter Joe 
tential tying run. One inning earii- cradled the ball in his glove and Cowley with Brian Fisher, 
er, in the same situation, Seaver Seaver leaned forward, hands on Thf 1 w ? s a mistake. TimJMeti 
had strode Dave Winfield out on a . his knees for a moment and felt doubled in a run, Ozzie Guillen 
3-2 change-up that was low and himself almost carried away with singled in another and. after Rudy 
away. * joy. Law walked. Little angled in two. 


SCOREBOARD 

. . • . . . Baseball 


But Gooden Takes Away 1 Seaver Mark 


. AMU1CAM fcVAOUI ■: -- - “ Hkmaro. WtaU* (3). . B. Gttnon .(7) and 

*K» ; MntDMtt.l. Mgon;lMr4MMri«(7),limi(7|,KH<. 

'a<««r» W *W— * * - 1 nOMJ«z UV aM PoffUi. W U manAc. U. 

HOMrtb SdwnUB W OW* P»tnun. 5tM>. L-WoJH.0-2. HR» — Milwouka*. ROM (41.D<h 


M.. xl m q n W ant VM«t WM-Mawn. IWI1. tron. Evans CMJ. 
lO-Z Sw— SctHnWt CO. HR>— Taxn. (Sw 

wfard (71, McOwmQ tm. Toronto. B«tl Oil. MtaakM UtM«M(n I ™ - ana 

BaMniir* - tMM m-a t • ortrots m wn- < Ti i -^^7..^^,..; AJ 

OnwtaM . : WtHMM 7 1 0wrtfcf%iam(ff]anas<Ara«tejOWML SSViV ihi»7 

FKnoaan, O. Martinez U) <»id Dwbphv. BWHmwr (». Bair U>, Lwa (7) and Co- i **' l 

Farda (Til Hatfo&SnMi OT.CadNMtr TO. aUn. W-MtH, M. OTtanl, S4. Hftv— a !r_ C * r ? n ^ W-Gcrbtr,3<l. L- W ho 

TkM»HiitlMHkMIIa j n.,u. f.i r-— m *W«r M. HRl-SM FlWM WWW- 


ctafd); BTOwnlnaPow (B)andVonGorcJ*r. CHICAGO — 1 

W-P»«ir.3-Z 1 — How«U,*S.HR»-U*An- . 

•Btac,Cuarr«f«(an.ClnGl(nill,ParlwrtS>, *. 

paw u).. . . championship. Q 

MB Mt Wt~i • Z team were three o 
QroM and Vlroll; Andalor, Boavar <H and phcberS to OOmc 

pariar. w-Gn» it* Lr-A«iduiar. i7* years: Tom Seaw 

? and Jerry Koosma 

AHonta IIS 0U HI I— S » 1 l L *. _ . 

Blue, Minton U),Garr«m (U. JaffCoot (101 ^ “T** UUV® « 

and Branlvi Pcraz, Daman («. Suttar (0), the MetS have 2 III 


Compiled fy Ow Staff From Dispatches 

CHICAGO — to 1969 the New_. NL1 
York Mets woir-tBeir only world .7T; 
championship. On that amazing appears, can 
team were three of the best young 'est seasons c 
pitchers to come along in many Gooden b 
years: Tom Seaver, Nolan Ryan Met records! 
and Jerry Koasman. his 11th cons 


NL ROUNDUP 


into the fifth and was in such abso- three doubles into a six-ran eighth. 


team were three of the best young ,est seasons ever by anyone his age. lowered ms ERA to an awesome 
pitchers to come along in many Gooden broke one of Seam's 137. 

years: Tom Seaver, Nolan Ryan Mel records Sunday when he won He (fid all that despite twisting 
and Jerry Koasman. his llth consecutive game, holding his ankle rounding first on his dou- 

Ali three have left the Mets, but the Chicago Cub s to five hits for a ble in the third, 
the Mets have a new young pheber 4-1 victory. Gooden, also proficient PfaflSes 6, Cardinals & In St. 


JIVDUJr lute command that his outfielders Reds 5, Dodgers 4: Tony Perez, 

had only two chances. With the who earlier homered, singled home 
one of the great- Cobs’ only run unearned, Gooden Dave Parker from second base in 
y anyone his age. lowered ms ERA to an awesome the eighth to beat Los Angeles in 
one of Seavefs 137. CmcinnatL 

ay when he won He did all that despite twisting Pirates 4, Expos 3: Jim Moni- 


CmcinnatL 

Pirates 4, Expos 3: Jim Morri- 
son's first homer this year helped 
defeat Montreal in Pittsburgh. 
Braves 5, Giants 4: In Atlanta, 


TMimanWartBoaaa.W-O.Mofflnofc«- Ml hro *—. OgHvta (BU Coopt OT-Ooftalt k«d»i 

7. L-Tbonwoa. u>cy caMHa ni. Trommel »>. toad q>. AWonhy HprpwJM]. 

IS), RomIcM OIL RpyfanJ WLCtowtfand. aOcaoo OH (M BOO-4 U 1 ” T 

cmito* w. • Tone hi im M— i IB ’T^L nf ZL 


[nntMwd 


Major League Standings 


AMSMeUL LEA0O B 


Toronto 
Mralt 
Haw Vorfc 


Bot n n w * . 
MlhMuto 
Ctovntand 


CoHfomlo 

KnM CHr 

oaMona 

CMcoov 


MtaMOta 

Tna 


Mar Shot amt FMu Cowlay, FMwr It], SWr- 

m 1H TO— r • 1 t*y m, Allan m and Hanav.W— Saovvr.ua. 
•n M «w t a L-CMbr,u. 

OaCton WMWMMU I 

. Kaaw CHr Mnuo an-a u a 

q tapflin g s BonL SHAM m.OMr CUJ and Oadman; 

y Latorandt. Outambonv (■). LoOm (12), 

BKkwiri 02) and SuOdtwr a. W~ Shto 
L-LaCoaa, VI. I » Cl aor (3). HB— Barton. 

■2 i - rsi im - 

.. - . ~Z.^ loom* nw«i-4 t i 

H OolUaM P13 0B2 MX— 1 * B 

„ _ ■*“ Voono. ThORM* (*). Vanda Barg (&). Lang 

’ "S’ IL. IVViMM(WaMK«arnavjS«li»B,On«aaroi 

* ® CD.Maiiarti (flood HaaBvVI— 6aU«vV)4 , Ij— 

• s £ 'i" " raw 7* 12. sr-Howaa an. HRs— SaatDa. 

It T9J&U PraHay CM). Oakland. Doris (21). 

«•_ - • ' Mona s t ic M BJ1 NM 7 2 

■2 - ™ CHHsmH MIBIIU-l V • 

“ ® ® J ' Vtote.Eofamlo(7V,Flte» (I). Doris (S land 

“ 2 •" * Enola, solas Wt CaaMaria, cnbam U). 

if" W) and Bcama. W-aUwrn, H. L- 

* " -21 ” Eufanila, >8. Sr— Moara (21). HR— Callfor- 

2 _ H HHrSenofloM UL 


sm DM MO MS on— 1 I | 

Uoaalw ill HI NM M t 

Dravockr and Kannadv; Scott Smltfi (7) 
ana Bailor. W— Scott. 11-S. L-DravoCkv, »-7. 
Sr— Smltfi (17). HR*— Son Diana Bumbry 
(U. Houston. Doris W. 


the Mets haw a new young pitcher 4-1 vicimy. Gooden, also proficient PMfies til, Cardinals 0: In St. Braves 5, (Sants 4: In Atlanta, 
who may be better than any of with a bal, doubled to start a three- Louis, Kevin Gross pitched a four- Terry Harper’s homer leading off 
them and may lead them to a sec-_ ran thiiri -inning thro helped im- hiuer for Philadelphia. The Cardi- the bottom of the I Oth inning beat 
ood world championship. prove his record to 17-3. Seaver had nals* 17-game winner, Joaquin An- San Francisco. 

He is Dwight Gooden, 20, a set the record of TO in a row in dujar had allowed only two hits Astros 2, Padres 1; Mike ScoiL 


He is Dwight Gooden, 20, a set the record of TO in a row in dujar had allowed only two hits 
right-hander with tremendous abfl- 1969, when he pasted a 25-7 record through seven innings, but follow- 
ity who pitches with the poise of a at age 24. mg a 25-minule rain delay the Phil- 

veteran- Only a lengthy strike, it Gooden held the Cubs hilless lies turned two walks, a angle and 


dujar had allowed only two hits Astros 2, Padres 1; Mike Scott, 
through seven i n ning s, but follow- who struck out eight, and Dave 
mg a 25-minule rain delay the Phil- Smith held San Diego to five hits in 


Houston. 


I0L47; JPI) 


Law walked, link angled in two. 

Now, it was up to Seaver. He 
breezed through the sixth and sev- 
enth and took a three-hitter into 
the eighth. But Meacham led off 
that inning with a single. Seaver 
struck out Rickey Henderson look- 
ing and got Ken Griffey to ground 
out, but gave up a hard-hit single to 
Don Mattingly. Two out, two on 
and up came Winfield, whose 16th 
homer Friday had tied a game until 
two out in the ninth. 

He worked to 3-2. Fisk signaled 
for another fast baJL Seaver shook 
him off. He wanted to throw the 
change-up. He did. It floated away 
from Winfield's lunging bat. Strike 
three. 

Exultant and exhausted, Seaver 
said to 9-year-old daughter Anne, 
“Three more outs to go, Annie." 

"Good, Daddy," she answered. 
“Then can we go swimming?" 


Tennis 


u m sn — 

u a SB 4 

a m . sa s 

S2 «* SB 4M 
« 5& JO\ IV 
40 M ASt 13 
-40 4* JOS 30. 


DAVIS CUF 

WORLD 20 MB QUARTERFINALS 
cncMtlvraftta vi. Eomtor 
LAI Quito. Ecuador) 

CxoctaMovakia him M 
SfcMlM 

Tomas Smta. CxachoMovaMa del. Martin 
AOUlrro, Ecuador, Mb 6-1. 

Miroslav Medr. Czechoslovak bLdaf. Ricar- 
do Vcaza Ecuador. 74b W 


Ivan Lcndi and SmU, CndmlovineJa dor. 
Yoaxa and Aoulrre, 7-S. M. 6-t 


NATIOMAL UBAOOR 


St. Loute 

Maw York 

Monlraaf 

Chlcaso 

PtiltaOafPhta 

PIHsbarnh 


e s r 1 
«! » . 

M 

,11-. u « 


Los Anastas 
Cincinnati ' 
San DteCM 
Houston 
AHonta 


W L FO- 0» 
. . . #1 41 JH — 

II 42 JR w 
' • 5> 47 JSt 4» 

54 * J» TVl 
48 H AU 13Mi 
32 SO JM H 

MtOMdes 

40 43 JB3 — 

55 41 J34 3 

55 SO JM 4 
M 54 MS 12 
44 S Mt 14 


WOMEN'S TOURNAMENT 
lAt Las Anoslss) 

FINALS 

Stoats* 

CkHKfla Kahds-Kllach. WMt Gormoov. dot 


MATKMAL LBAQUB 

sse. sses 1 : : 

Burden. LMksvir SBrlvor. U1WU, 

and FBaaraMr Rhodaa. Oanai li .14), „ _ ^ 

— in — « -V-n vyj ntavtea ti n. I Kohds4C»tach and Hstana Sukova, Czocho- 


OuUUcso>l1M.»v— G uaata-QLMRs— Mon- Mavdkkwtor. Mono MonditVova, CiacHeiJovo. 
traaL Brooks (?3. nttehurato Mordsan ll). w * ndy Turntwn. AurtroHa M. 4-2. 


Maw YMK HS HI HO— C 9 I 

ChhSKM HBIWHS— I I t 

GoadM and Carter; FoatoaotCumsart 191 
end oavts. taka IM. W-Goodtav 174 L- 
Fo u tonoS, 44. 

Las Ano s lss WWMM n 


Golf 



Carew Gels His 3,000th Hit in Majors 


Compiled by Our S&ff From Dispatches 

ANAHEIM, California — Three 
t housand miles from where Tom 


AL ROUNDUP 


lead in the second inning, but Sut- 
ton yielded only five more hits be- 


Seaver was achieving his historic thought 1 would have gotten it over 
milestone. Rod Carew was reach- on the road trip, and when we got 


Kalin e. "It’s just a great feeling. I {ore Jay Howell pitched the ninth 
thought I would have gotten it over fo y us ‘ 2d “ v |. . . - 

on the road trm. and when we sot Rangers 8, Bhie Jays 4: Gary 


ing his own Sunday. 

In tire third inning of the Calif or- 


on the road trip, and when we got AS" ".rU 3 

home Jjust didn’t want to takeit Wardand W^MctW^each 
down to Monday with tire strike bomewi m Toronto to hdp _ Texas 


nia Angels’ 6-5 triumph over the date so dose. It’s something I never en^ A ve ^a^ 1 osu^ streak. ^ 
Minnesota Twins. Carew singled to thought Td accomplish throughout • intnans 4: Lee Lacy s 

become the 1 6th major league play- my career. I’ve been around Tor 19 oekmjuI homer m ihe mntb gave 
er to collect 3,000 hits. years, I guess they start to pule up." ,ls ^ 

The left-handed hitting Carew, The Angels’ t&rd unearned run D , , ox ^ 

who turns 40 in October, bloopcd a of tire game broke a 5-5 tie m the ® uc “ e 3 r 5 „ lwo ' ru 5.. "ui-uinmg 
single to l^t ofl left-handed pitcher eighth. An infield single by Brian “ ou °*f m * wai ? as „ ^ ^“ ssoun ’ 
Frank Viola to tie the late Roberto Downing scored Gary Pettis, who won ^ ® aine OT “ oston- 


demenie for 15th place on tire all- readied first on an error by second 
time hit tisL Carl Yastrzmski was Kasem.w Tun TeufeL 


Top amiMrt ood aarotoas to ttM Wastora 


Son Fronctaco 


41 44 JH 20 


aodnoDH MB 1H 11 b— 4 7 2 Oooa OoM Toi ireaw w i t, wHca aadod S a adav 

Vatonzuala. HawaH IM Md vaasar, Sdot- op Iha ijrr-rons, par-72 Bailor Matloacd QoH 


time hit list. Cart Yastrzmski was 
the last player to get 3,000 hits, in 
1979. 

“I’m glad it’s over," said Carew, 


A’s 5, Mariners 3: In Oakland, 


Tlgm 7-4, Brewers 4-14: In De- 
troit, Ben Oglivie hit a three-run 
bonier during a six-run second in- 


CMB eouno Of Oak Brook, iliiaalt (paaw- 
tear) (»«■ hhMoii daalfi ote»ff): 


Rod Carew watdied mBestone single sail into outfield. 


who was l-for-5 for the game and Davis’ 21st homer. Jim Presley’s 
needs eight more hits to pass A1 24th homer gave Seattle a three-run 


Don Sutton won his 290th game in ning that gave Milwaukee a split of 
the majors with the hdp of Mike the doubleheader. Darrell Evans' 


d slam helped the Tig 


irst game. 


life: 


C'* 4 iia fl 1 

!! S-' 


SPORTS BRIEFS 

Pole Yanlter Kozakiewicz Defects 


i*' ! S 5 % 




vault ebon 

famil y and 


i ,J! * Qfl *L»J 

ui 5,1 


§■- isr* 

§ '* hi 


K. Si 


to Wi* to My>* mb W>' 

did not take part m Stmday’s national dampronsmps. 


Kniufa.Rilfirfi Beals Shriver in Tennis 


*o-Scotr vomtank 
Jim Tbofpo, max 
tan BallwtorDi. SS4LB00 
Dan HalMenon. *21550 
Babbv Oamaoit, *22550 
Andy Norm. *2X550 
Coray Panin, 322550 
Broca Ltotzka, HUSO 
Ron Sfrack, TH500 
fibno Pate, SU5B0 
Demy Edwanta. *14500 
Jim Simons. 510400 
Hubari Onen. SI&400 
Dawt Barr, *10400 
Polar Jacobson, sno^oo 
TW SlmHon. 51(1400 
Wovno Grarfy, S7JOO 
Jod StoMtowr. WJOO 

WHO# WOHL IMBO 

LMMla Ctemonto, 57JM 
Jadte Mudw WJOO 


tt*04IM0-~7n 
7MM4-72-279 
7545-7245— 90 
7273-7149—286 
72727249-316 

71 - 74-71-7*— 2U 
72427274-204 
74-7245.74— QM 

72- 727445—217 
727271-70— a7 

49- 74-72^9—781 

50- 75-7249 — 2*1 
7272.7071—30* 
7*47-7272— 3H 

73- 71-7273— JM 
727IW0-7S— Hi 
7*727545— 219 
72727571— 3H 
7270-7*72-299 
72727273-399 
7*49-71-72— 2» 


More Hum a Ball Can Be Inst in Beirut 


% --.iv; 


*3* » j A 

S' 1 49k* 
S- S/*i 

r“ i*? 

r^f 
J %%* 

fef if* S> » 

pc * 1 r 

-S? 


is da Vbpm SEms of Los Angela. 

Kolrifr-Kibdi, who needed only 55 minutes to wm- 
MBBdUfcaML^e No. 1 seed rn. the wmMincnt,mthcqiarlerima^ 


Transition 


Mawflibciv^ 1 «eed ta the wumamoii, m u« 4WU 

UA Team Ont of Soccer Tournament 


BASEBALL 
AoMflcmt LOOBM 

. CHICAGO— Actlvotatl Rudy low,owKMU- 
or. (teeaited Paw W Hir m a M w, pthtew. (mm 

BoWrtortHit intomaftonat Ui MUAO pt toted 

jMlSUntw.caldw.andBUl UMWVUtfw, 
to Buffalo, 


ATLANTA— Sant 404 JottMHh pitcher, to 
nchmand o( »h# latomritonal uaam. Rato- 


- , fL— —nintM wownona 01 mo lawrmnmaN unw. km- 

mmo (upij - ZSZST 1 


} M$t 


•ft Z-K* 

&nti 

ijr-* itf’ 

6 - 7tel 

a- tip 

rw%s 

fc' 2:'^ 

hii " 

> 4 

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^For the Record 


vjiwLAinmoiu: — I- e a tar thilu W2DC. l"/ 

Cafifotoia. &mh Kora beat AusoaK 5-4, alcohol on 

^ Dutch RaflwaJJ (UP!) 

totins canyu^ f>iw |q and from Dutch soccer gam®. 


Aitov HoHtor. p(Ww. 

BASKETBALL 

. Ntotaaol BorittibaU AmeMln 
INDIANAPOLIS— T rated GfORvllte waU- 

on. cantor, to Houtton ter p HU draft pick. 

FOOTBALL 

Itadloato Paotoaff Lanaaa 

DENVER— Stonad DM Stoddard, often- 
slva tockto. 

DETROIT— Placad Jim MaoMka. (tettfl- 
atoaoMLetto DM libad WtomWt 1&cU«,an 
waltftn. StoMto Em*4t AMmnvuanlno 

INDIANAPOLIS— Asraad to term* wfln 
Gaoroa AcWca. aw* Mai*. 

N.Y. JETS— Aequlrod Bfllv SM9ML Often- 
diva iKtemaH, from San Franeteo tor a iLdto 
mnto WM draft akk. 

NEW ORLEANS — Annowicad dial Danuta 
reurn wumow Bnrtaelter, will rotate ma 
cM>. 


' The Associated Press 

OAK BROOK, minois — Scott Verplank be- 
came the first amateur in 29 years to win a pro 
gdf tournament when he railed in a long putt on 
the second hole of sodden death Sunday to defeat 
Tun Thorpe in the Weston Open. 

Thorpe, assured at the $90,000 first prize as the 
low pro, hot trying to win a spot in next week’s 
PGA national champi onship , and Verplank both 
drove into the rough on the playoff’s second hole. 
Both then missed tbe green. 

Thorpe, from the right fringe, ran a buotp-and- 
run shot some 13 feet (4 metes) beyond the pin. 
Verplank, from short of the green, pitched to 
about six feet 

_ Thorpe, distracted by rain dripping from his 
visor, racked away once, then missed tas putt 

Verplank, 21, an Oklahoma State student and 
current U.S. national afrratrar champion, rapped 
his putt into the back of the cup and leapcomto 
lire air, the first amateur winner in professional 
golf since Doug Sanders won the 1956 Canadian 
Open, The last amateur to win a PGA torn* event 
was Gera littfer, in tire 1954 San Difeo Open. 

Tbofpe,-36, who has yet to win a tournament in 
eight years .on the tour, forced the playoff when 
be saved rar with an IWoot putt 00 tire 72d hole. 

• Lee Elder, who was gosig to retire from golf 
. three years ago, won ins second straight senior 
tour tournament Sunday, again in a playoff. 

Eider. 51, defeated Jcny Barber, 69, and Don 
January, 55, with a 12-foot bardic putt oo the first 
sudden death hole of the Senior PGA Digital 
Classic, after easing the ISth hde'- to force a 
three-way tie in Concord, Massachusetts. 

Elder had won tire Newport touratrant a week 
earlier with an eagle on tire first playoff hole. 


But Despite Wars and Risk of Death, Golfers Do Not Give Up 


By Juan-Carlos Gumucio 

The Associated Prat 


when a machine-gun round shattered his 
neck and left him paralyzed. 

Two months ago, play was suspended 


BEIRUT - Lebanon's golfers face the = 

ulrimie hazards : amllay dKlIs. roclffi. 

... ' Meanwhile, it took a fortune and a lot 


Golfers in this war- tom country not ^ imagination to get the dub bade on its 
only play on what must be the world’s officials said. 


most dangerous course, they often risk 
death trying to gel there. 

“But it’s worth it," says Salim Salem, 
president of the Golf uub of Lebanon 
and h«»l of the country’s troubled Mid- 
dle East Airlines. 

“Golf's about the only recreation that’s 
left here," he said, kissing his favorite 
wood. 

Some 350 dub members share SaJam’s 
devotion and flock to the carefully mani- 
cured IS-hole course near the bomb-shat- 
tered Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra 
and Chalila. where hundreds were kilted 
or wounded during recent fighting. 


“Four days after that war started we 
collected about one kilogram (two 
pounds) of ballets from tire swimming 


One of its main attractions is the fourth 
hole, a par 5. To shoot from tire tee you 
aim for tire mosque minar et on the 
skyline. 

To counter a membership drop from 
850 10 330, championship play has been 
resumed. More players now are braving; 
the dangers of Beirut's violent streets. * 
Later this month, a three-man team 
from the chib will represent Lebanon in 
tire Pan-Antii Games in Rabat. Morocco/ 
Organizers included golf in this year's 


The golfers tee off behind huge, red, earthen 
mounds built to stop the bullets and shrapnel that 
have splattered about the course for years. 


The golfers tee off behind huge, red, 
earthen mounds buih to stop bullets and 
shrapnel that have splattered about tire 1 
course for years. 

Veterans still remember a cautious 
US. diplomat who played 18 holes wear- 
ing a bullet-proof flak jacket, rad was 
accompanied by three armed 
bodyguards. 

Precautions are useful, but they do nol 
aJways stop bullets. She months ago, a 
golfer was tutting rate tbe seventh green 


pool alone,” said Salam, who enjoys dis- events at the request of Lebanon’s inde- 
playing the dub's war rdics. fstigable golfers. ; 

Aim they are everywhere. In the club- The team includes two physicians and 

house foyer, championship plaques bear Lebanon’s golfing champion, Bilal 
tire inscription “not played" next to years Gandour. 

marking the most violent cycles of Leba- To cope with money problems, the 

non’s 10-year-dd civil war. dub's management replaced the barbed 

Hie air-conditioned dub dining room wire ringing tire course with cactus in- 
overlooking Beirut's sprawling shanty stead of new fencing, 
towns is adorned with photographs of the The dub faces other problems, too 

bomb-battered clubhouse and the Some squaum, driven from theirhomes 
scorched greens crisscrossed by tank by tire fighting, have bufli shanties on the 
tracks. grounds. 

The course, situated by tire sea, likely Cub officials came up with a compixx 
would wt ant Jack Niddaus or Seve raise solution; they hired miliriarp en ^ 
Ballesteros, but it does have a certain evict the squatters, then gave 55 of the' 
ragged charm. homeless men jobs as caddie. 




i.Vyj-A 










INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1985 


Page 16 


CALIFORNIA POSTCARD 


Ladies Against Sexism 


William Schuman 


Colleg es Turn Out Many Composers But Few 
Have Found Their Voices , Says Prizewinner, 75 


PEOPLE 


Folk Reunion at Newport 


By Sharon L Jones 

The Associated Press 


AN FRANCISCO — Phyllis 
'Le Shaft is no ordinary lady. 


body knew what they were trying to 
say. They dressed up foolishly and 
behaved in a childish way. If they 
had a point, no one got it." 

The Plutonium Players and other 


By Tim Page 

.Veil 1 York Times Serein; 

N EW YORK — “I don’t really think that 
today's musical community is much dif- 
ferent from what it was SO years ago," the 


She's been around the country feminists disagree, 
impugning for creation of a “If you can come at people with 


composer William Schuman said recesiiJy. 
“The universities turn composers out by the 
score — bad pun, l guess — but only & few of 
them have much to say. Only a few of them 
have voices of their own." 

Few listeners would deny that Schuman. 
who celebrated his 75th birthday Sunday, 
has a voice of his own. He has been one of the 
best-known American composers for more 
than 40 years, since he won the fust Pulitzer 
Prize for music in 1943. He has combined 
composition with a distinguished career as an 
administrator Schuman was, from 1945 until 
1962. the president of the Juilliard School 
and then served as the first president of 
Lincoln Center until 1970. 

“People used to tell me it was a pity that I 
bad to work so hard as an administrator and 
as a composer,” Schuman recalled. “They 
had it all wrong. I was an administrator 
because I loved it. And I kept composing 
throughout all those years.” 

“Sch uman's music is an important pan of 
our heritage — outgoing and healthy with its 
own convincing profile.” Aaron Copland 
wrote. “It is always felt, and its exuberance 
seems to me very American. His imaginative- 
ly scored symphonic works have a big sweep 
and are full of striking rhythms and long- 
lined melodies." Schuman has written ballets, 
works for chorus and band, occasional and 
incidental music and. most notably, 10 sym- 
phonies. 

“We used to hear it said that the symphony 
was dead, but it’s no more dead than the 
novel.” he said. “If a composer wants to write 


nouse committee on Unladylike 
Action and passage of the ERA 
(Equal Restroom Amendment). 

She backs the “Seminal Life 
Amendment,” winch declares that 
the “right of spam and egg to unite 
shall not be abridged.” 


humor, In one to two minutes 
you're going to get across what 
you're saying in a far more memo- 
rable way” said Jaime Mars- Walk- 
er, 32, one of two men in the 
troupe. “It’s a very powerful tooL” 
“I think it’s good sometimes to 


Mrs. Le Shaft is one of many hit peoplecwer the he^ with rcali- 
fiaidous in a polincal “ 


satire called “Ladies Against Wom- 
en: An Evening of Consciousness 
Lowering.'' The show's punchlines 
and tactics are increasingly being 
used by feminists to rile thor oppo- 
nents. 

“Everybody thinks we're kid- 
ding. but everybody knows ladies 
don't have a sense of humor,” said 
Gail Williams. 32. an original 
member of the Berkeley-based Plu- 
tonium Players, a troupe organized 
in 1977 to entertain at sit-ins and 
demonstrations. 

The Ladies have a “Ladyfesto.” 
which slates their positions, includ- 
ing: 

• “Make America a man again. 
Invade abroad.” 

• “Restore virginity as a high- 
school graduation requirement” 

• “ Eliminate the gender gap by 
repealing the ladies' vote.” 

• “Abolish the environment It 


member of the National Organiza- 
tion for Women's San Francisco 
board “I think it can be very effec- 
tive." 

She cited the Ladies' “bake sale 
for the Pentagon” outside the Re- 
publican Convention in Dallas last 
summer. (The $9- million price tag 
for a T winkl e may explain why not 
one was sold.) 

She also recalled last year's entry 
in the Gay Freedom Day parade in 
San Francisco: A “Reverend Jerry 
Fallout” preached and led “Moral 
Monopoly” members in what was 
named the “Most Outrageous Con- 
tingent” 

The troupe's Ms. W illiams said: 
“Political satire doesn't always 
work, but it certainly is the most 
fun of any tactic I’ve used to get a 
message across.” 

Like most of the cast Ms. Wil- 


asaMssF' “ dB100 



torn DopfeaWTha Nsw York Tmcs 

William Schuman: The symphony 
is no deader than the novel. 


what 1 call works of development then the 
attraction of large forms will prove irresist- 
ible. “The symphony will never die as long as 
there are people who find that discourse be- 


there are people who find that discourse be- 
tween a collection of characters as fascinating 
as I do. For me, it's almost a theatrical thrill 
when the orchestra starts to play. When the 


conductor gives the downbeat, I want to 
know what that character there — the string 
section — will say, and what the brass wifi 
reply." 

During Schuroan’s 75th-anmvenaiy year, 
many pofoanances axe planned. The Nov 
York P hilhar monic will play three major 
works in the next Eve months: Leonard Slat- 
kin will conduct “Credcndum” in six separate 
park concerts, Zubin Mehta will lead the 
Symphony No. 8 at Avery Fisher Hall in 
early October and Leonard Bernstein will 
conduct the Symphony No. 3 in December, 
also at Avery Fisher HaD. 

The American Composers Orchestra, the 
American Symphony Orchestra, the Boston 
Symphony Orchestra, the Los Angdes Phil- 
harmonic, the Minnesota Orchestra, the Y 
Chamber Orchestra and about 30 other orga- 
nizations have scheduled Schuman's music 
this season. 

Schuman began his career writing popular 
songs with Frank Loesser, but has never 
returned to this early interest. “I made a 
conscious decision not to walk both sides of 
the street/” 

He is currently writing a large work for 
chorus and orchestra far the New York Phil- 
harmonic, and a piece for woodwind quintet 
and percussion for the Naumburg Founda- 
tion. 

Schuman became a Pulitzer recipient again 
this year when he was given a citation recog- j 
nizing his lifetime of service to American : 
music. “I once introduced Ellen Taaffe Zwi- 
lich to an audience as the fust wo man to win 
the Pulitzer Prize for composition. When the 
applause began to die down, she turned to me 
and asked me bow it felt to be the first man to 
win the Pulitzer. 


A revival of the Newport Folk 
Festival in Newport, Rhode Island, 
turned into a reunion for mus i ci a n s 
including Joan Baez. Arto Guthrie, 
Jwfy Coffins and Ramhfin’ Jack H- 
EotL It wasn’t quite like the avfl 
rights and Vietnam days, though: 
The themes of their songs tendedio 
be Star Wars and Yuppies. The 
first festival since 1969 was also a 
celebration of folk-based American 
acoustic music. In addition loathe 
classic labor-organizing song Joe 
Hill," Baez sang of the threat or 
wars in space, terrorism and hos- 
tage-taking and of children of the 
’80s who are seeking a cause. Baez, 
who got her start at the first New- 
port festival in 1959, told the 
crowd, “I like your bathing suits — 
in the ’60s, they didn't wear any- 
thing.” The folk-satirist Tom Pax- 
ton sang not onlv of Yuppies but of 
the Lf. S. Postal Service's plan to 
deliver mail after a tuidear war. 


Marathon is nothing compared to 
this," he smd north « Beyrng as be 
puffed up the first steep stretches 
of the walL MoJcn and his wife, 
Jan, ran along the top of the wall 
and back, taking about six hours 
for the trip of just over 26 miles (42 
ton), the standard marathon length. 
Molen bad cancer of the lymph 
glands in the late 1970s and be- 
lieves he cured himself with a rigor- 
ous schedule of ruxming. later tak- 
ing part in some of the world’s 
toughest marathons, including the 
Boston marathon in 1981. 


“1 have to say it felt pretty good. I really 
have to count my blessings.” 


ar power. She moved into enviroa- 


To get their political message menial issues at the University of 


across, the Plutonium Players spe- Calif ornia-Berkeley. 
rjalhef in “guest disruptions” that Though she had no stage experi- 
occur when actors burst in on a ence, she joined the players b 
scene, taking the opposite view- she thought it would be fun. 
point- “After one performance 


'Colonel Blimp 9 Makes Comeback in Restored Film 


“After one performance they 


The anti-feminisl activist Phyllis couldn’t tear me away,” she said. 


Schlafly, on whom Mrs. Le Shaft is The show evolved from a rally 


based, is not amused. Schlafly, the poster in 1979 that listed fictitious 
head of Stop- ERA (here it means endorsements such as “Reagan for 


By Michael Wise 

Reuters 


Equal Rights Amendment), has Shah," “Mutants for Nuclear Pow- 
seen women toting signs bearing er” and "Ladies Against Women." 


L ONDON —The film “The Life 
* and Death of Coiond Blimp,” 


such Ladies- inspired slogans as The Players created characters to 

“Ban the Poor and “Born to represent mrh group. “Anita Ty- Thou gh the leading character. 
Clean," and heard chants of rant," for example, spoke for the played by Roger Uvesey. bears lit- 
“ Mommies, mommies, don't be Ladies in a take-off on the anti-gay tie more than physical resemblance 


idorsements such as “Reagan for and Death of Coiond Blimp,” 
iah,” “Mutants for Nuclear Pow- in a recently restored print, is on 
" and “Ladies Against Women." view in its entirety for the first time 
The Players created characters to since its 1 943 release. 


tie more than physical resemblance 

commies, stay at home and fold activist and orange-juice promoter to the walrus-mustached caricature 
pajotnmks." Anita Bryan L The scene was so of British smugness and military 


pajomnues. 


Some have attended appearances pop ular it was gradually expanded grandeur in David Low's newspa- 
by Mrs. Schlafly, saying “Tsk, tsk" into an entire show, which opened per cartoons of the 1930s and '40s, 
whenever she uses words such as in 1983 at a small theater in San Prime Minister Winston Chur chill 


i newspa- 
and '40s, 


sures necessary to stop this fooHsh valry and then friendship with a force him to reconsider his compla- 
p reduction,” he wrote in a memo to sympathetic German soldier. Lieu- cent and gentlemanly view of war. 
his minister of information. “Who tenant Thee Kretshmar-Scbul- In the enihe organizes the Home 
are the people behind it?” dorff. played by Anton Walbrook. Guard to defend London. 

They were the produring-ddrect- Wynne-Candy fills the walls of -v- R1 _ 
ing-screen writing team of Michael his bourgeois home with trophies, . 

Powell and Emeric Pressbnrger. ton aSfed game brads 10 a •l^Fam ^AnJnw ^ M m lbmMl 1 - 
The film was shot in a vivid Techm- spiked helmet labeled “The Hun." welcomed by cnucs. 
color that was considered gorgeous He falls in love with three women, “The moods and sentiments 
at (he time. Almost three Hours all played by Deborah Kerr. have lost noneof their integrity, 
long; it recounts 40 years in the life Churchill fretted needlessly over and technically it is a marvel, “said 
of a character named, not Blimp, the Blimp film, for it helped galva- The Times. The Daily Mail said it 
but Clive Wynne-Candy. nrae British public opinion a gains t “sweeps one back to a time when 


James Joyce's grandson threat- 
ened Monday to disinherit Irish 
institutions unless the sale last 
month of the novelist's death mask 
was ann ulled. The mask, one of two 
made after the writer died in Swit- 
zerland ai age 58 in 1941, was sold 
July 19 to Guinness Peat Aviation 
Ltd. for £16,500 (about S23.000). 
Stephen Joyce, who lives in Paris, 
said it was “ethically wrong” toseU 
the death mask. “Unless the sale is 
rescinded," he said. “I will change 
my will concerning certain items 
coming to me from my grandpar- 
ents, James and Nora Joyce, which 
I have left to Irish institutions.” 
Sotheby’s, which bandied the sale 
of the death mask, identified the 
seller only as “a lady," but Joyce 
said it belonged to a Joyce museum 
in Sandy cove, a Dublin suburb, 
which owns the other death mask. 


The Japanese sailor KcnidU 
Horie is the first man to cross the 
Pacific from Hawaii to Japan in a 
solar-powered boat arriving in 
Chidujima in Japan's Bonin Is- 
lands. A Qudujima official. Kjo- 
suke Sato, said Horie came along- 
side the isbmfs Aoto Ganpeki 
quay 75 days and about seven 
hours after be left Hawaii's Waikiki 
Yacht Club aboard his 30-Toot (9- 
meter) “Skrinerk" on May 22. The 
boat did not slop anywhere on its 
3,700-mile journey to Qudujima, 
about 700 miles south of Tokyo. 
The Sikrinerk is outfitted with 41 
solar panels containing 1.100 solar 
cells to power its motor. 


Bifi Schroeder, the longest-living 
□Diem of an artificial heart, en- 


“The moods and sentiments 
have lost none of their integrity. 


An Indian who has devoted his 
life to lepers and other outcasts has 
been given a 520,000 Ramon Mag- 
saysay Award for public service. 
Murtidhar Devidas Amte, 71, has 
spent almo st four decades building 
three rehabilitation centers in the 
forests of central India. 


recipient of an artificial heart, en- 
joyed his first visit home more than 
(he effects of two strokes allowed 
him to show, according to his doc- 
tor and family. Schroeder. the sec- 
ond man to receive the artificial 
heart, visited with friends and fam- 
ily at his house in Jaspar. Indiana, 
and rode in a town parade crowded 
with cheering neighbors. “It was 
great," Schroeder’s son Taro said- 
“This is something he's wanted for 
a long time.” It was the Jasper 
natives first trip home since receiv- 
ing the plastic Jarvik-7 pump eight 
months ago in Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. Schroeder. 53. seemed dis- 
oriented and showed little emotion 
during his public appearances. He 


has difficulty speaking and walking 
after the strokes. Another son. Met 
said Schroeder made it obvious to 
his family that he was happy to be 
back. “He was very emotional He 
cried a lot," Mel ’Schroeder said. 
Dr. WHBam DeVries, who was the 
parade's grand marshal, said his 
patient was obviously buoyed by 
the visit. 


but Clive Wynne-Candy. 


“lesbian." “work” or “abortion.” 
“They made idiots of them- 
selves,” Mis. Schlafly said. “No- 


Francisco. 


Art Buchwaid is on vacation. 


tried to block the film, believing it 
would hurt toe British war effort. 
“Pray propose to me the mea- 


Berlin as a young army office 
set toe Germans straight on al 
dons of British atrocities durin 
Boer War, Wynne-Candy fine 


After quixotically taking off for the enemy. Wynne-Candy loses his there was real grace, and decency, 
din as a voting army officer, to house in the London blitz, and his and heroism, when toe empire was 


cer, to house in the London blitz, and his and heroism, when toe empire was 
allega- army post because of an initial fail- a source or pride and when to be 
in g the ure to see the imperative of a firm born British was to have won first 
□as ri- response to Nazi terror. The Nazis prize in the lottery of life." 


Dick Molen, a U. S. marathon 
runner who believes he cured him- 
self of cancer by running, has com- 
pleted the first marathon course 
run along toe GreaL Wall of China. 
“Heartbreak Hill on the Boston 


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CREAT BRITAIN waJPON: Supe 

LONDON. For ihe best furnished flats Tet720 94 95 
and homes. Cow* .the Spedato MONTMARTRE. 


stufQ,qui- 


GENERAL POSmONS 
AVAILABLE 


AUTOS TAX FREE 


MEUDON: Superb vSa. FI5J300 net AMBttCAN RHOCAIION SHtVKS 
Tat 720 94 95 company see&s part-time, dynamic. 


PhSps, Kay trad lewis. Tel: South of 
Mi 352 Jrtl, North of Part 722 
5135. Telex 27846 RESIDE G. 


Brastudojwriy fie- 
ArSOa riM 46 63 


ova 1300 omas 
woRunmoE 


YOUR BBT CHOICE 
FOR WORUTWIDE MGMNG 


i Lines Infl Carp 


(01011 312-681-0100 
Office: 25* Ave A Roaewe * 


oeeveR Rd 
60153 USA 


Or adl our Agency offices: 

PARIS Desbanbe to tomnl i tew d 

|OT) 34J 23 64 

FRANKFURT s^£,“3K 

(OA91 250066 

DUSSBJ30RF/RAHNGEN 

(02102) 45023 LMJ. 

MUNICH lmj. 

(089) 142244 

iryuriOAl Anekae 

LUTm/Un ton Moving 

(01) 953 3636 
Cnl for AJfcrfs free eshmde 



6TH PRWCESSE 

2-room upra i m ent. 105 sgei. 
Everything to be instied FI ,40(1,000 
Tefc 764 03 17 


VILIARS 

WINTH? & SUMMER 
MOUNTAIN PARADISE 


PARIS AREA FURNISHED 


MONTPARNASSE; Lovely 2 rooms, 
cafcn, EghL F4600 net. Tefc 222 08 19 


cofcn, Kgh*. F4600 net. Teh 222 OB 19 

SKOAL WraiLY STAYS. Servcos. GENERAL Coach bait can 

Tet 325 06 91. POSITIONS WANTED Other mates & mafia 

PARIS AREA UNFURNISHED KBTONSHF ENGLISHMAN rote Over 100 eats n dock 
— long dstance dnwng a s gonmerif, oa World wide detwtry 

private car defivay in US Aug & Direct from source 
ETANGJA-VH1E Sept. Tel UK 44 7*2/600511. D.O.T. & EPA. 


TRASCO 

INTHNATIONAL 


Visit our showroom ei Monte Colo or 
telophone (93 257479 or telex 479550 

Auto mc « 4698/0 mcs mc 


15% dscoud an lit doss 


PARS tab (1) 221 46 94 

{Cor. lie. 1502) 


limousines 36 & 44 
Armored eras and bnouBnes 
Coach baft oars 
Other mates & exotics 


ST SUtVKE. Duplex, terrace, bee ms, 
fredoce, Iving, 2 bedrooms. 
FT,«OjOOO. Tdt WTIM : 562 0303. 


Apartmenfik ranging from dutfios 
to 4 room. Avmwi Far Sato To 
Foreigner*. High dais lesdential ar- 
eas wxh mognheont vnows. Prices from 
sn95to0 » SF635.000. Lang term 
mor tgages at 65 % htarast. 

For mtofmcXion: 

GLOBE NAN SA. 


Service 


SWITZERLAND 


8 Awe da Masai 
75008 Paris 


NEW— YORK 

NEW MERCEDES '. 

FROM STOCK 43 Bd H awangta. 75C09 Para 

Dect servka. Aip Tet 743 IS80 - 548 9635 

- ^DHnlur" U^SUMMSSPSOALniorAngete-, 

RUTE SNC From C199. New York from L13C. di 

TAUNUSSTR. 52,6000 FRANKRIRT _Airteuti towdw 01 551 ^?. 

W Gwm. tel (0J69-232351, dx 4115» NY ONE WAY $150. Ewvdov 
We* CewtSlttPora 2259390. 


YOUR REAL ESTATE 


ETANG-lArVRlE 


nanmumt amnaemm seen uwr iuu a 
kmg dstonee driving o S Bonmenf, oa. World wide 
private car defivety in LLS. Aug & Dirad from : 
5tpt. Tel UK 44 74^680511. D.O.T. & Ei 


AGENT IN PARIS 

PHONE 562 78 99 


MOUON HOUSE ras*p&x\ 6 bed- AM«1C^ <^ faperionred 
roams, 3 baths, in2400 sqjn park + tary. babysit^ pb,Ptia. 


heeded swxroxn 
EMBASSY SERVICE { 




AUTO CONVERSION 


T«A tendonUqnj 629 7779 
Telex (51) 8 W 6 ftff TRAS G. 


rWAYJJSaE vvydaf 
'joasi S145. Para 2Z19390. 


Trasco London Ltd. 

6567 Parle Lane, London W.l. 


TKANSMUNDi BELGIUM. 21 GesteL 

OM^nTBiriSSa t HOLIDAYS &TRAVH- 


A WOOD OF DWS»>ICE 


BEAUDART 


WORLDWIDE 
Nol MOVER 

four wmsfftn 


In the dxxnxng mountoui resort a f 

LEYSM: 

RBIDBXGE LES FRENES 

OverioaUng a splendd Alpine pranra- 
ma X mm. from Montreux and lake 

Geneva by ox. 

- you ran own quaity lesufances 
with indoor wmmeig pod and 
fitness fodSties in an ideal 
Kmaraert far leisunj and spam 
(ski. gdf, etc). 

. nrfroiigat tew 5r, rates 
up to BOX mort g ages. 


Av. M»&pcB 24 
04-1005 LAUSANNE, Switzerland 
let (21) 22 35 1Z Tlx W85 MBJS CH. 
Estd^Edied Since 1970 


Hysees-Concorde 


VICTOR HUGO 


Apatments/hausei 
Short tarn rente* 


MAGMHCENT 5 BOOMS, 170 sqjn. 
nSbSOO. TH: 563 68 38 


FRENCH PROVINCES 
COTE D'AZUR MCE. Red Estate 


ABF 9 Ru« Rqyplt, 75008 Par, 

TeL ft) 1265 11 wTlelex WQ773F. 


IMA8A1&: IBrti cereixybubfing, tenly 
I 2 rooms, 50 tqje. H200, Ttfc 307 31 

62 mamnoL 


0»A/ DOT 

CONVBSIONS 

* Customs brateroge/bcxKfaig sarvtee 


iStHDertand - UK - W. Germaiy 


e Pick. -up & <Mwy any«4wfe in the 
Eadan US. & Toxos 


Ecetern US & Toms 
• Prafesriand work using only the 


COOPER ST JAMES 

OFHOALAlGSfT 
OF BMW (G 8 ) LTD 


Hocfc Maramko. BMW, ASQ 
8 S W«CH]ES 380 SSE, fuBv 
equipped, ntedic leather, band 
newTfehOP- Paris 555 B3 ji. 

NEW MBtCH3g.BMW.gHD to free 
export UK. pra) 76099. Tte 313242 


CHARTHt A YACHT IN GSSCL Dr- 
rad from owner of largest fleet. 
Atnenran management Ercdtonf 
crews, govt, banded. Vole* Yoehn. 


Ain ThennstaUeom 22C. Piraeus. 
Greece. Tel: 4529571. 4539486. Tlx.- 


Aaoncy. buying cxi aparttnad or a 
vilaT Sdw a serious problem with a 


Avne* X h teiWfanri Moving 

FuRy professiand - Reasonably pnoed CAU US FOR YOUR NEXT MOVE 


senous com any Promotion Mozart 74 CHAMPS-BYSEES 8th 
ad far our brachwe: 19 Ave Auber r^_c_ n -i—— - 

ra Hard Mendwi 06000 Nee. Tefc . 

(9^ 87 06 2 0 - 81 48 B0 l£ n opi nra: 359 47 97 . 


IFAST EXECUTIVE HOMBTNDfNG- 
Roris & W estern aburix. 551 09 45 


CHAMPAGNE IMPOSTS M 
2294 Norti Pram Bd., HcdA 
PA. 1 8944, ISA Tel: 21 5 822 1 


Wfete you are m Europe, vraan offer 
ooniiderqbla savings an brand new 
BMW oars to mast spebfiaAons. Rill 
factory warrmty. 


BOATS & 
RECREATIONAL 
VEHICLES 


71-2000. USA offices; fir Rood. Am- 
Ue>. PA 19002. Tel 215 641 1624 


PARIS (I) 867 42 46 


PARIS | 
LONDON 


(3> 036 63 IT 
1(01) 578 66 11 


B ei irton a i Im Framb 1854 Leyvn 
SWITZHOAM) 

Td: [025) 34 1 1 55 Thu 456 130 RLAJ CH 


NEXT TO VENCE. Patorawic sea 

view, superb Provencal iTO 350 5HOBT IBM STAY. Advantages of a 


sqjn. Svmg space, luxurious 
4&0 sajrt \£*T aM Fi5 


4000 sqjn. ted. Calm, f 
Promotion MoKtrt Pta W 
Mcaart. TeL 1931 87 OB 20. 


hotel without inconveniences, feel of 
home in nr at itarfotene bedocm 
end more m Pans. SuRHlto 80 me 
de l-Urnerate, Paris 7H* 544 39 40 


ms KNT DB4VS COLORADO, 

PneSbdpus Home Denver Country Guo 
Area. 8,000 plus sq. ft. carriage house, 
terns court, 125 acres. 10 rrwttes to 
dawntont, 15 minutes to airport. 

6 morths to l yr. Prmqpofe only. 

(501) 862-8546. 


AUTOMOBILES 


I We con dso supply right or left hatd 
1 drive tax free HMws at Murat priem. 


TOICH FARM VACATION. Enjoy 
homes, org— c garden, vegrtra i on 
cwsme xi arxjous 17th century coun- 
try manor. Surrounded by 15.000 
acre forest, near Fontainebieau.'Pdrs. 
Cal! ( 6 ) 069 47 48. 


500 SEC, *85 

ERCED8 AMG, $55/300 
Tab (1693) 38 04 51 


nWs at tourist pricaL 
We dso supply factory butt bulet- 
prtxrf BMWs and the Alpma BMW 


range to free. 

CaB London (01) 629 6699. 


in t tr noUond Marine Teavc 
Offiad dealer Halte ru s Yodits 
CaSan Yachts 
Fountan Powiwfaoras 
Awdlafale far inenedw te defiwiry 
New Hatter as 32 sport fisherman 
New Haftarac M.Y. 43 


W1AS YACHTMG. Yacht Chatters. 
Acpdett w 28. Athens 10671. Grarcx- 


HOTELS 


SWITZERLAND 


International Business Message Center 


ATTENTION EXECUTIVES 


MAh your butkmss massage 

in Iho I nlsmdfataf Herald Tri. 
buna. wtottaM fcraiOlfcW 
a f a tnBEan readers world- 
Mdcto arart of wham arm m 
hun i n em and indutby, wB 
read A Mat tafax us [Pane 
613595) Mara J Oam. an- 
taring that wo eon tales yam 
bock, and your manage «8 
cap ear within 40 hours. Thu 
rate a US. $9.80 at toeaf 
eqthratonf per fina. You awn 
indude e u n iu latm end wnB- 
ddm bMng oddrma. 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


FINANCIAL 

INVESTMENTS 



• BUY YOUR TAX HE CAS * 
Mercedes, Porsche, BMW, Ferrari. 
DM Cram uturca 
Direct from Europe 


New Fountain 'executioner' 10 meten 1 UlCHtN. G8AM3 HOTH. EUtOTE 


New Caban Yacht "Cocmia " Of 16' 


large selected 

n Murce ULT. ffiBKH IM 

o Euraoe 05700 Port St Laurent cki Vor 

5HECTTON Teh (93) 07 74 55. TeL 970968F 

^^JiSTwM K» SAI£ UMAOJIA1E 22 ra 
81 72/3. Tju 24109 "»*» Jtodit; Pmorasa Buitm fiber - 

9*«*. hdy, 1980. 2 GM deed with 

“niy. 300 rmmina hours once new. 

Told 1400 HP. 3 doutto rabuts plus 
crew. The boat tea been used far one 
Mason ady. AS electronic & utud 
8 rafinenier* mstaRcd. Ready daW 


SaacnON toraerl 

Mox-PU»ck-5tr. 13, 
Germany. (0J4342-51. 


AUGUST 12th 


1HE AMBHCAN DOUAR last 16X at 
value since Ihd advertB em ent was 


OFFSHORE COMPAMES 


ON SALE AUGUST 5fh 


BUSINESS WEEK 


INTERNATIONAL 


frie larged and nast unique efiomofes jx. non resident compantes. 

m the world. 112.84 carte n told, ftfa m me directors & bearer i h ates. 

Aocorffing to speodeed ptfaGaftons Canfkfantid bank account. 

iho teamond s rated os one at the m support services. 

largest stones ever lound and rated in Panotno & Umikvi m wir nn ax 

Hie sane category as some of the Offshore brx*. 

most feenous dumaneb ei Hie world IP CJL. 17 Wtogale Sr London 

Randin 0wsamdass assGiinan 1, E17HfVTd:01 377 Tlx;^93911 G 


ANTARIKA MUTUAL SURVIVAL In- 
surance & trust of World Geneba, 
private starts 42 urifttrtW rrdSoa 
Mr. Pierre Haroux, 3509 des Erodes, 
Manfred 


CLOSING BANK - FOB LQANJran*. 

action), o4 oontradA etc. Baric m 


action*, ai oontrodA etc. Baric m 
Zixidi, dunch af 6 bBon bade. GA 
Zurich 361 6500 or 056/491 362. 


International 
Secretarial Positions 


**** has vacancies. Td 041 
301111 Telex 716? Switzerland 


TUDOR HOTH. 304 flea 43nd St, 
New York G »y. In fashumcile. 

Side Manhattan. '-Cl bfack from UN. 



_ tha ad- 20 % dvzxrU. 

■422951 Tel 212-9868800. 


BUSINESS SERVICES 


DIAMONDS 


SECRETAftlAL 
POSITIONS AVAILABLE 


SECRETARIAL 
POSITIONS AVAILABLE 


Private sdbr. London 351 3825 any- 
tene 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


OFFSHORE 4 UK 
LTD COMPANIES 


hie of Mtei, Turks, AngUkt, Channel 
blonds. Panama, Liberia, Gibraltar ad 
mod other offshore areas. 

• Confidentid advice 

• InaneJute avdlddby 

• Nominee sanies 

• Beer et sh ores 

• Boot ragislrat MFB 

A ArcaunhM & udflurutratrii 
■ Atari, telepho ne & telex 

SWVKB LTD 
Hoad Offira 

AM PUaeart, Dcxudax, tala of Man 
Tot Douglas l56M) 23718 
Tehn62a554 SHfCT 6 
London Reprsanlatrve 
2-5 Old Bond London W1 


• The Third World's 
Growth Crisis 

• Fed Up With 
Japan 

• South Africa: 

The Days of Rage 
Gives Business 
Second Thought 


owned by the Borah Gown Jewels, 
Tiffany, owned by Tiffany aid Co. 
USA, FCartxa, owned Oy Stavw 
Madias. Athens. Star m Peran. 
owned by Hcery Weston, New York. 
Your inque opportunity to become 
rive ayner of rixs pestige aid rote 
investment. AI inquinas wdi be trace- 


Pffl 

BEAUTIFUL PEOPLE 

UNLWHT0NC 
U5-A. « WOSUniHDE 


DIAMONDS 


FOR SALE & WANTED 


tnvestiiMri. ai mamas ww oe irate- 
ad stnaty ainfidmid. TeL (1211) 
22917 a 20546 Brits, South Africa. 


22917 or 20546 Brits. South Africa 
Tdex 321787 SA P.O. Bo* 1845. Bits 
00250 South Africa. 


BROKERS 

BWESTMENT ADVISORS 


MVBTMGNTS 
SS OUR AD ON 
PAGE n 

TRANS CONTAINS 
MARKETING AG 


A axnpiete penond & bednen swvioe I 


Your bed buy. 

Fine diamonds in any price range 
at lowed wholesale prices 
died from Antwerp 
center of the dfamond world. 
fijD guarantee. 

For free price fat write 


INTL SERVICE 0BGAB8SA110N 


SS0N8 ADMMBTlIAnVE seoator- RI»W 1 «E « BSCP 8 CAL op-j 
res. wrth good tedxwd experience in Dftenoes. Porn 3K 08 91 1 


PAGE 72 
FOR MORE 
CLASSIFIEDS 


_iirii ji m u ji juumt-ujuui nt r m the iffiurmKa held, aocountmg or fi- 


► ex raw b sooxxn tot on axeaeme mmt binuiteAu nf fn3fj, j Fir 

recretay/tBustant, bHmgud EngfahT 


212-765-7793 
212-765-3794 
330 W. 56rti St, N.Y.C 10019 

Service RapraMRtoinBs 
NeedeJWbridwKie. 


are good profas- 


WfflsTatFfl Mteuwra Mpercence a dahrvte advav 

* * rai*- - 

Heart el Antwerp Dtomond induriry "SSELSEEl 


MAUGNAN SStVfCE INTBOM 
ha in xae du te openra 
far ren&fied Engfah mother tongue 
BlUMGUATacIfETARK 
Cdh flora 233 17 54 


NOW ON SALE AT 
Ail INTERNATIONAL 
NEWSSTANDS. 


OFFSHORE TAX SHB.TER 

COMPAMES 


Your dates an ewesr in one of Araen- 
throughs i ^ahS^dB^nAti&jsirf. 

JQJtm He afaeedw nanted A 
DMdendi PAL ffigh amid earnmgs 
assured far maty, many years. Geaer- 
<HH ranentateem bm Bawa. Mnten- 
daalabh in English, FraneK GermaL 
LonhJCT: 

GLOBE PLAN SJL 
Av MotUiepos 24. 

CH-1005 Laname, SwtfzBrltmd 
Td: pi) 22 35 1 2- HxTi5 185 MEUS CH 
Innumim mvemnert - U5S7J50 


KOME GENUINE IHriDBBdfixto- 
monagen to sarvioe prune masdotes 
with prime bank guaaitees in farm 
of pnme bar* prcrvswry note US. 
De«n te Swiss Frans 10 - 20 yean, 
no broken dase. FYmci ipafs any op- . 
pfy to Bex riKSpXT, 63 Latg Aae, ! 
London, WC2E 9JH, or tefax Ufij 
83147 Ref. HRPO. 


MVBT 2 WESCS *i Better Haakh. 
Enter Canfcic Bdt IVeventi o n & 
Hedth ffaconritning flnogran now. 


OFFICE SERVICES 


couRyBdo, hqh 
Hipervnian. VSh 


' qualified meefied 
toon Medkd Gem 


business base 


Td 01-493 4244, Tlx 28247 SCStDN G UK. hie of Man, Turk Cfennd Wands, 
. — ■ Panama, Uberio teia most.offaxxe 


PDUOA11Y BAM0NG on kaga cd- 
lataraBzed toms. The eaty ameer 
ad baik with a representative office 
n London jp n c xAu ng in rin service. 
Arab Overseas Sank & Trad (MU) 
Ltd. 28 Blade Prince Bool London 
SET. teh 01-735 8171 


j042) B792233. 

HOW TO GET A 2nd PASSPORT, 
report - 12 countries analyzed. D* 
taST WMA, 45 lyixflwnt Tena, 
Sdte 506. Geterd, Hong Kora 


IN ZURICH 

ftJUY INTKSATO 


COMMERCIAL 

PREMISES 


HONG KONG, YOL* TAX S riter, 
imnoom center, nomnees, trade 
ren bridge far Ona. wtt, d toom 
923. Star House, T5.T, Hong Rom, 
TV 39644 D5 M(jT Td 3/27T1B33 


Very sfnet . . 

Free enraukafiort 
Roger Griffin LLB.. F.CA 


CCM. LTD 

Compmes farmed UX. & worldwide 
including bte of Men. Turin A Gxcos. 
Angdla, Panama and bberia 


ACTIVE INVESTOR. Has in to 
SSOOjOOD cash to buy pranabla 
French bufeess. Write P.O. Bo* 
241957 Los Angelas, CA 90024 USA. , 


PANAMA l^SdA. CORPORATIONS 
from USS400 avariabte.ww.Td 


(0624) 20240. Tele*; 628352 
G hna UKl 


Brocfw: C 

Western House, Victoria Street, Fuite.- -5 Upp* r Owrch S l.Ddu 
D ouglas, hie of Ma n, J%24) Zfitu '4. of Mon. vm G thtt Bntmn, «et 
627389 CtwkwJ G 10624] 237J3. tfa 627900 CCM 


Fa further information, please contuo . 
usd.- -5 Upper Church 51.. Douglas, Isle i 


COMPUTBl PORTRAIT SYSTEMS 


Lodang far office space n 

MONTE CARLO 

Conlad: 

AGHH 

26 bn Bd Pnnceue Charlotte 


pl0,0Q0 . 78JOOO FOG] and wpftat: 26 bn Bd Pnfeeue Charlotte e . 

Mtirts, nbbore, posters, edendan. I Monte Cario, MC 9800D Menaco 
pun eh etc. Mqor CTBtfil cards. «> Tefc (931 SO 66 00 (ext 152) 

‘ ' ■ 479 417 MC 


pun eh etc. Mqor oedl cards ac- 
cepted Kama LA Portfach 170340 
Frankfort Td 7A7808 T» 4)2713 


SabSedTra ^ 252 Bn9 ‘ 

Heart of Antwerp Desmond induriry 

P«B CTC»yS ASSI STANT. Inti FufaMv 
— ■ — ■ — '' ■■■■ sense of humor. | eg. Expenenod secretory + crono 

OFFICE SERVICES 

YOUR BEST SWISS ! 

BUSINESS tASE 1 "™""* 6 *-' 1 ^ 

l U 7 U B I f U IXKUnVE 5EO&TASY & penond ddy- Send CV. Vespsded begn- 
IN All Klin assatari wanted. An sxparianced Oobascan, 37 qm 

FULLY INTEGRATED young woman far pasting in eeher ri'Antou./aOIH Paris. 

Hdhm or Gmacm as required, far 11 . “ 

permoned ysb with pood future pros. f^WflB®P0RMTl COMPANY En- 
peds. She mud speds Engfefr fluently 0** s eoietoraB with 

asweflai Dirfch&GertiKXL Forautor «««K CaB Pam 233 19 04 
country Baxidnte fuB board and 

SgCXCTAMtS AVAILABLE 

Horoid Tribune. 92521 Neafiy Cesisx, 

France. Yfer terms may be mefcoted. Spcoohed m 

UMBUE SfflCS far AMB9CAN BRWGUAl *GO(CY 
ffllWCVE FIRMS in PABSr „ 'Ofeonw Offia 

YOUR OHKX M PARS: TELEX, 240 

1 ns 

TeL PAf 609 95W. t^_ Wnta m phpn* l^Avegw aSneB^gouigto^ft,^ 

IMPETUS . ZURICH - 252 76 21. S? /SP ™ ° ^ ™ W tN* 


. Cofl Pare 233 19 04 


SECRETARIES AVAILABLE 


T* 01 7 2146 


(rflntemalioiialHCTald 
Tribune readers own 
Stocks, Shanes, Bonds 
and Commodities. 


Phone I tie* mtiSbo* 


(fiendi'Engfan) ser r«r v d sluKvtwr 

mu-h r«RKt- -wj-t b«,a« Tf^ P— . 
4 925»«M>f 


Printed by gdz in Zurich (Swilzeriand) 


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