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INTERNATIONAL 


.Edited iff Paris' ; 

'■_*« -Primed Simultaneously 


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DATA APPEAR ON PAGE 18 


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49/85 


Pohlished With Hie New York Times and The Washington Post 

► *. • • •.; : . ' PARIS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 


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ESTABLISHED 1887 


Were at 


■2 U.S. Officers 
Flew in Egyptian 
'troops- Plane 


\ -Washington Pees Service . 

: VALLETTA, Malta — A i least 
twa Karior uA mffitary officers 
traded here with an Egyptian 
coptnando unit that stormed a br- 
acked passenger jet in an attack 

•;-V- ON PAGE 5 

\ , % B Tie Maltese are investigating 
a report of anotber accomplice, 
tte ^yptAir jet's pilot says. 

-.■Ptessore grows on Egypt to 
jttafiale agamst Libya. 

Nov. . 24 with heavy loss of life, 
according to an authoritative 
source close to the operation. 

The U.S. officers, who reported- 
)y belonged to the U.S. military 
mission in Cairo and who included 
a general, arrived with the Egyptian 
commandos and were present at 
the commandos’ operational head- 
quarters at Malta's Luqa Interna- 
tional Airport during the assault on 
the EgyptAir Boeing 757, accord- 
ing to this official and to diplomat- 
ic sources. A total of 60 persons 
died during the hijacking, 57 of 
diem in the assault. 

The United States has sought to 
keep secret the presence of the offi- 
cers in Malta, for reasons that are 
not clear. In Washington, a State 
Department spokesman, Charles 
E- Redman, declined comment 
The authoritative source in Mal- 
ta said, without elaborating, that 
the officers had provided “techni- 
cal assistance" to the Egyptian op- 
eration. 

In Washington, sources con- 
firmed Saturday that a general and 
colonel traveled with the comman- 
dos but contended that they pro- 
vided no technical assistance and 
'did not participate in the assault. 

There were suggestions of Penta- 
gon ochappmess that army officers 
with no specialized knowledge of 
such operations watt along on the 
commando raid. 

(The U.S. Embassy in Cairo de- 
clined comment Sunday on the re- 
port that Americans accompanied 
the commandos. The Associated 
Press said. Colonel Hussein Ma- 
mtsh. an Egyptian Defense Minis- 
try spokesman, said, “Our informa- 
tion is that there was nothing of the 
sort” 

[In Valletta, the Maltese govern- 
ment spokesman, Paul Mifsud, 
said, “1 cannot answer questions 
about any of these things because I 
really do not know anything about 
them."} 

The arrival of UjS. officers in full 
baule dress, an unanticipated de- 
velopment for Maltese officials, led 
to an angry dispute between U.S. 
and Maltese officials at the airport 
and may have contributed to Mal- 
ta's failure to allow another U.S. 
military team to arrive in time to 
aid the Egyptians. 

• From evidence emerging in Mal- 
ta and Washington, it appears that 
the U.S. role involved direct assis- 
tance — both in equipment and 
personnel — to the Egyptian com- 
mandos. An aircraft carrier, the 
Coral Sea, was ready to provide air 
cover for the Egyptians if needed 
(Coo turned on Page 4, CoL 5) 



Israel Offers Apology 
Toff.S. Over Spy Case 


By/Williatii Qai borne 

Washington Amt Scrvicr 
JERUSALEM — The- Israeli 
government apologized Sunday to 
the UzuiedjStaies over the case of 
Jonathan Jay-Bollard, a UJL Navy 


A Construction Project Out of This World 

Floating in space with Earth in the background. Major Jeny L. early 1990s. Major Ross and lieute n a n t Colonel Sherwood C 
Ross assembled beams into pyramid shapes to practice %nhigWMked outside the shuttle Atlantis an Friday and Sunday - 
techniques that could be used to construct aspace station in the to study the manipulation of unwieldy objects in space. Page 3. 


No Major Change Expected at EC Summit 


By Steven J. Dry den 

ImamaiUmsI Herald Tribune 

LUXEMBOURG — European 
Community leaders, who open a 
two-day summit meeting Monday, 
are expected to approve only nom- 
inal reforms of the community's 
founding treaty, EC officials said. 

The 10 member states remained 
divided Sunday over whether to re- 
vise the Treaty of Rome, the com- 
munity's 1957 founding document, 
and what kind of changes should be 
made. 

A special inter-governmental 
conference on reform, called by the 
leaders of the community states in 
June, has produced a limited pack- 
age of measures for consideration 
at the summit meeting. 

The main areas of reform under 
consideration include: 

• The greater use of majority 
voting instead of the current re- 
quirement for unanimity, especial- 
ly regarding the removal of obsta- 
cles to trade between member 
slates. 

• Increased powers for the Euro- 
pean Parliament and the EC Com- 
mission. 

• Closer coordination of mone- 
tary policy. 

• Strengthening the technologi- 
cal base of European industry. 

Among the proposals that have 
gained the most support is one for a 
separate treaty that would formally 
adopt the current ad hoc arrange- 
ment for coordinating the member 
slates* foreign policy. 

Jacques Ddors, president of die 
EC Commission, said last week 
that the proposed changes are “not 
enough to even ensure the survival 
of Europe as a continent that mat- 
ters in this wenid." 

Mr. Ddors and other commis- 
sion officials have em phariygd that 
i ffl l css the community makes sub- 
stantial reforms, it will continue to 
trail the United States and Japan as 
an economic and political power. 

In an indication of the concern 
felt by community businesses 
about the summit meeting, the 


heads of 27 leading European com- 
panies wrote to the EC leaders over 
the weekend urging them to make a 
dear commitment to remove all in- 
ternal barriers to trade by 1992. 

The industrialists, mpmding the 
chairmen of Fiat, Thom-EMI PLC. 
Siemens AG and Thomson SA, 
said that the summit meeting must 
produce “concrete results" rather 
than vague declarations. 

A possibility of agreement on 
even a limited number of measures 
at the summit meeting, however, 
remained uncertain. Advocates of 


greater reform such as Italy have 
said that they prefer not to approve 
only a modest package; 

Denmark’s minority government 
appears unable to support any of 
the proposals for change. 

The summit meeting will be the 
last opportunity before the entry of 
Spain and Portugal into the com- 
munity next month for the EC 
leaden to take action on the ques- 
tion of decision -making . 

As the community has grown in 
size from the anginal six members, 
man y officials have observed that 


requi rement for unanimity on most 
questions has impaired die commu- 
nity’s ability to make changes. 
These officials believe that the en- 
largement wiD only make dedrion- 
maiing more difficult. 

EC foreign ministers, who have 
represented their governments at 
the reform conference this fall, met 
Saturday and Sunday in a final 
effort to mak e progress on some 
proposals before the beginning of 
the summit meeting. 

Besides the treaty on foreign po- 

(Continued on Page 5, CoL 1) 


The government promised to un- 
cover all the facts in the case, and 
said it would permanently disman- 
tle the special Israeli inteHigence- 
galhering unit allegedly involved in 
the espionage if the allegations 
were confirmed. 

[Secretary of State George P. 
Shultz called the Israeli apology 
“an excellent statement," Renters 
reported from Houston. Mr. Shultz 
said U.S. officials “are satisfied by 
it and wholeheartedly welcome it.^ 

Prime Minister Shnnon Peres, in 
a statement read to the cabinet, 
said: 

“The government of Israel is de- 
termined to spare no effort in in- 
vestigating this case thoroughly 
and completely and in uncovering 
all the facts to the last detail no 
matter where the trail may lead. 

“The full inquiry is still incom- 
plete and thus the government of 
Israel is not yet in possession of all 
the facts, but the inquiry is pro- 
gressing vigorously. 

“The government of Israel as- 
sures the government of the United 
States that in the wake of the inqui- 
ry, if the allegations are confirmed, 
those responsible will be brought to 
account, the unit involved in this 
activity vriS be completely and per- 
manently dismantled and neces- 
sary organizational steps will be 
taken to ensure that such activities 
are not repeated. 

“The relations with the United 
States are based on solid founda- 
tions of deep friendship, dose af- 
finity and mutual mist Spying cm 
the United States stands in total 
contradiction to our policy. 

“Such activity, to the extent that 
it did take place, was wrong and the 
government of Israel apologizes. 
For the time being we have nothing 
further to say on this.” 


At 28, EC Is Still Far From a Common Market 


By Jpscph Etchett , 

tniernatumat Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — The standard 
dectric plug for a television set in 
France has two. capped prongs 
and a hole for the grounding rod 
In Wot Germany, the ping has 
two uncapped, slightly larger 
prongs without a bole far the 
ground. In Italy it has two 
prongs, either flat or round, de- 
pending on the wiring of the us- 
er’s home. In England the {dug is 
triangular, with three beveled 
prongs, and it carries a built-in 
fuse. 

None of this is a supply prob- 
lem for Thomson, the French 
electronics giant that exports 
more than -a mfltian television 
sets a year throughout the Com- 
mon Market. Its. solution is to 
ship the sets without plugs so that 
T m f jpnj d distributors am outfit 
them for local sockets. 

Other problems are not as easi- 
ly solved. In appliance stores in 
any given West European coun- 
try, television sets for sale gener- 
ally include a half-dozen models 
made by Thomson. But the com- 
pany has to manufacture more 
than 50 models to export even 
tins selection through the maze of 
safety regulations and mcompati- 




Getdng Down to Business 
Europe’s New Approaches to Competition 

This is the second of a series of articles, appearing 
from time to tone, that will focus on Western Europe’s 
attempt to face U.S. and Japanese competition. 


ble technical norms in the Com- 
mon Market, according to Ron- 
ald Huek, Thomson’s television 
product-manner. 

“Changing even the wording 
on a guaranty card accompany- 
ing the setin a particular country 
complicates packing, labeling, 
warehousing and shipping,” Mr. 
Huck said in his office in Paris. 

AD this costs money. Inven- 
tories have to be larger and mine 
expensive at a time when compa- 
nies in Japan are saving money by 
their emphasis on low-inventory 
manufacturing practices. Philips, 
the Dutch-based multinational 
that is Europe's biggest manufac- 
turer at consumer electronics, es- 
timates it would have earned an 
extra $175 itaflion last year — 50 
percent more profit —if it had 
been able to operate in a unified 
Common MaikeL 


The villain, 'according to nu- benefits of protected markets in 
merous businessmen and potiti- their own countries, now are lob- 
cal leaders interviewed in recent hying far a unified Europewide 
weeks, is the Uncommon Market, domestic market The change is 
the persistent national differ- motivated by their need to com- 
ences that prevent the 28-year- pete with the rising tide of inno- 
old European Community from various from the United Slates 
functioning as smoothly from and, increasingly, from Japan, 
country to country as the UJS. Most new products, particular- 
market functions from state to ly electronic ones, require such a 
state- big investment that no single 

The lack o f a Europewide mar- mark et in a European country 
ket is regarded as an underlying can repay it. 
cause ct economic woes ranging 

aasswSs ?SBS£S 


wiD break up unless it quickly 
farms a single domestic market 
“Trade transactions between the 
countries of the European Com- 
munity must be as simple and 
deregulated as national trade 
within a domestic market,” he 
said. 

European businessmen, who 
Jong paid Kp service to a common 
market while quietly enjoying the 
benefits of protected markets in 
their own countries, now are lob- 
bying far a unified Europewide 
domestic market. The change is 
motivated by their need to com- 
pete with the rising tide of inno- 
vations from the United States 
and, increasingly, from Japan. 

Most new products, particular- 


to a reluctance among industrial- 
ists to form European multina- 
tional companies. A result has 
been a failure to consolidate the 
European Community in the eyes 
of its citizens. 

Dr. Wisse Dekker, Philips’s 
chairman, has warned pubHcly 
that the European Community 


lively, Britain, France and West 
Germany once were markets big 
enough to support national tele- 
communications industries. As 
recently as a decade agp, it cost 
about $50 million to develop an 
office switchboard with a 20-year 

(Continued on Page 6, CoL 5) 



The Israeli cabinet secre- 
tary, Yossi Benin, reading a 
statement on the spy case. 

The statement read after the 
meeting by the cabinet secretary. 
Yossi Beffin, was made II days 
after Mr. Pollard, 31, was arrested 
outside the Israeli Embassy in 
Washington after unsuccessfully 
seeking asylum in Israel. Mr. Pol- 


lard has been charged with selling 
US. intelligence documents to Ls- 
raeli contacts in the embassy. 

Hie statement was the first iro- 
plidt government admission of the 
involvement of Israeli officials in 
Mr. Pollard's alleged espionage ac- 
tivities. But it stopped short of ex- 
plicitly admitting official Israeli in- 
volvement and gave no indication 

of how high in the government 
knowledge or the covert operation 
went. 

[Prime Minister Peres rebuked 
Mosbe Arens, a cabinet member 
and a leader or the Likud bloc in 
his coalition government, over the 
Pollard spy case. United Press In- 
ternational reported, quoting Israe- 
li radio. 

(“You are the lasL person who is 
entitled to talk about it with any 
degree of severity," Mr. Peres was 
quoted as telling Mr. Arens, a min- 
ister without portfolio, at Sunday's 
cabinet meeting. “Those things 
happened during your term as de- 
fense minister.’* 

[Mr. Arens served as Israel's de- 
fense minister from February I9S3 
to July 1984. Mr. Peres did not say 
whether Mr. Arens had known 

(Continued on Page 4, CoL 3) 


Black Leaders Say Goal 
Is Near in South Africa 


By Edward A. Gacgan 

New York Tima Service 

LUSAKA, Zambia — The lead- 
ers of the African National Con- 
gress say they believe that the goal 
of abolishing apartheid in South 
Africa and setting up a black ma- 
jority government there is finally 
within sight 

The leadership of the organiza- 
tion, winch was reconstituted here 
last summer for the first time to 
indude nonblacks in its national 
executive, pins its optimism on sev- 
eral factors: 

• The continuing and growing 
economic problems faced by the 
South African government 

• The continuing unrest in many 
blade townships and the increasing 
inability of Smith African authori- 
ties to govern these areas. 

• The gradual but steady in- 
crease in the number of black 
youths Doming to Zambia to join 
the African National Congress for 
military and political training. 

• The holding of several meet- 
ings between U.S. State Depart- 
ment officials and senior officials 
in the African National Congress. 

As pari of this optimism, African 
National Congress officials have 
repeatedly emphasized their long- 
stated goal of one person, one vote. 
They say that there wiD be no nego- 
tiation with the Pretoria govern- 
ment other than over how power 
wfil be transferred to the black ma- 
jority. 

It is still difficult to assess the 
strength of the African National 
Congress, the depth of its influence 
in Smith Africa and the extent of its 
inform a lion -gathering ability. 
There is also much disagreement 
among Western diplomats here 
over the importance and abilities of 
the organisation. 

It is equally difficult to deter- 
mine whether the presence of dis- 
parate ideological banners — a 
spectrum that ranges from West- 
ern-oriented liberal democrats to 


Marxist-Leninists — will lead to 
irreparable sc hisms and destroy the 
organization. 

Nonetheless, a discernible vigor 
and excitement pulses through the 
whitewashed, single-story stone 
building in Lusaka that serves as 
headquarters for the African Na- 
tional Congress. 

“The ANC is very important,” a 

South Africa's Mack unions 
have federated, in a step to chal- 
lenge white rule. Page 2. 

Western diplomat said. "It is prob- 
ably the most important black na- 
tionalist movement. They are not in 
day-to-day control over tactics 
there. They have been trying to gel 
control of day-to-day activity in the 
townships. They fed the wind is in 
their sails, but the realists among 
them know how far they have to 
go." 

Another Western diplomat was 
more cautious in bis assessment of 
the organization. 

“Like all exiles," this diplomat 
said, “they tend to be somewhat in 
the dark. They have a lot of infor- 
mation. but I’m not sure if it is 
accurate." 

Although the African National 
Congress does not publish data on 
its strength or the size of its annual 
budget, Tom Sebtna, a spokesman 
for the organization, said that an 
estimate of 8.000 members would 
be “a safe guess." 

Some diplomatic sources said 
they thought the 8,000 figure was 
too low. 

Mr. Sefcrina also said the group 
operated on a budget of "some- 
where between $20 million and $30 
million a year, much of which is 
obtained in grants from foreign 
governments." He said that this fig- 
ure did not cover the entire military 
budget of the organization. 

Sweden, which donated $6 mQ- 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL )) 


VS# >35* 

gSt/ 









t*r*V*a 


iscribes breathing pains her grandson. RasWd. 
• aftermath ofthegasieak at Bhopal India. 


Bhopal One Year Later: 
Grief and Relief Coexist 


By Steven R. Wdsman my parents most,” she said. “Sun- 
New York Tuna Service dmrnight was when they died.” 

. .. - , Half a mile away, Jarnda Aha, a 

BHOPAL, India Otasyear af- mother of six, is sitting in a job 

training center, learning to uses 


»n^gin^bine. She said she could 
major rdief effort is reaching thou- no longer do her old job of roffing- 
sands of people, whne thousands cigarettes because the poison gas 


more continue to have trouble 
breathing and working. 

Misery and rehabilitation can be 


had made her allergic to the strong 
smell of tobacco. 

“I am happy to be in this pro- 


seen side by side m the crowded gram,” stesaid. “It means lean 
and dusty shim abutting the plank Sake a living for my fanrily." 

where death was almost instanta- for weds after the accident, the 
neons Tot hundreds of people when, leak of (he poison ns, methyl iso- 
poison gas leaked from a storage cyanate, in the worst industrial as- 
tank late m the night of Dec. 2, Jdent in history turned this uaafr- 


1984, and s 
in the early 


through the dty mg iijdianc^\q>sidedow!LSn^ 
of Dec. 3. wailed, cremations took place one 


f • . « , , , Will HIM MWUUMVUO LWVA VIUVV wv 

In interviews kri wok, shim- after another and bodies were bt^ 
dwepere said that their health has ied in mass graves, 
not unproved and that they feared Confusm and- panic struck as 
they world not be able to earn a people struggled to breathe. There 

were fears that 20,000 had died and 


cwve treatment from 20 medical 


thousands had been blinded, but 


.Sspoisaris tlmhaKbeoibiiihin dbutm did not bappffl. 

Bhopal today is pemsmently 


and splintering, wood™ sta are effort, b> help people and of 
sun there, but ware nCTriybmh permitting widespread corruption 
drainage systems, roads and a near- Jn the distribution erf relief. 


Political opposition leaders ac- 
cuse the government of lagging is 
its efforts to hdp people and of 


by hospital with 30 beds and doc- 
tors’ examination rooms. 


Others say the government is 


Ra^maTa 1^-yem-oid gjri, Hves ^“tmdindiscrimiimtdyto 
with her older 1 brother in a mud the 

huL She suffers from breathless- 600,000 • - „ 

ness, eye irritations and sharp pain ^®’ 000 P 0 ? 11 ^ 011 woie rocerving 
in the ribs. “Sunday is when I miss (Con fi rmed on Page 4, CoL 4) 


INSIDE 

■ Private guards in the United 

States are expanding their role 
in public safety. Page 3. 

■ A rioter in Britain was sen- 

tenced to life in jail, but a killer 
got six years. Page 4 


■ A Latin American car dinal, 

attending the Vatican synod of 
bishops, denounced liberation 
theology. Page 5. 

OPINION 

■ US. diplomats in Moscow 
have been the victims of State 
Department negligence, an en- 
voy’s daughter argues. Page 8. 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 

■The US. economy improved 

in November, pur chasing man- 
agers reported. Page 13. 


to suspend all trading Monday 
after the collapse of a major 
indnstrial venture. Page 13. 


Mrs. Marcos Chides Critics as Ignorant 

Says Her f BeautiMSpirk’ Belies Charges of G^miption 


Actum 

ZURICH — Swiss voters over- 
whelmingly rejected Sunday a ref- 
erendum to ban vivisection, which 
had been fiercely contested by 
Switzerland's pharmaceutical com- 
panies and opposed by the govern- 
ment, legislature and major politi- 
cal parties. According to 


total votes cast were negative. 


By Seth Mydans 

New York Tima Service 

MANILA — So metime*, says 
Imelda Romnaldez Marcos, when 
the accusations of extravagance, 
corruption and misrule get her 
down she thinks of her favorite 
movie. 

“OX, they don’t like my face," 

Corazon Aqamo was picked to 
nm in the Phffippines, widening 
a rift hi the opposition. Page 2. 

the wife of President Ferdinand E 
Marcos said of her American crit- 
ics. “But I can be a good friend. I 
fed like the hunchback of Notre 
Dame. Here was tins man, but such 
a beautiful spirit, you know? It is 
my favorite movie.” 

“They call me corrupt, frivo- 
loos," Mrs. Marcos said in an inter- 
view in a dining room erf Malayan- 
ang Palace. “I am not at all 
privileged. Maybe the only privi- 
leged thin g is my face. And cor- 
nxpt? God! I would not look Bice 
this if I am corrupt. Some ugliness 
would settle down on my system.’' 

Mrs. Marcos spoke of the pres- 
sures she said she fell as her Philip- 
pine political opponents and mar 
critics in Washington bear down on 
her husband’s administration. 

Describing the Marcos era as her 
country's Camelot, and her hus- 
band mid herself as the incarnation 


of a Philippine legend of Adam and 
Eve, she said criticism from the 
Untied States merely reflected ig- 
norance of her nation’s culture. 

Always a controversial figure in 
the Philippines, Mrs. Marcos and 
her thoughts have taken on height- 
ened interest as she has become the 
center of new political speculation. 
Though the possibility is a long 

shot that defies traditional political 
wisdom, Mrs. Marcos has become 
the most talked- about figure as a 
possible vice presidential running 
mate for her husband in elections 
that are expected next February. 

Mrs. Marcos repeatedly denied 
the possibility with such phrases as 
“no way” and “count me ouL” As 
her husband did in an interview a 
mouth ago, she described herself as 
politically “coterminous” with Him. 

But with a party political con- 
vention scheduled for Dec. 7, the 
beginnings of a'bandwagon are ap- 
pearing. On Friday, three pro-gov- 
ernment newspapers published col- 
umns that appeared to be a 
coordinated effort to promote her 
candidacy. 

“A political stampede is in the 
offing," wrote Jesus Bigpniia in 
The Bulletin Today. “The clamo r," 
he said, is “getting clearer and 
louder each passing day. The mes- 
sage is: “Draft the First Lady.' " 

A possible competitor for the 
post. Labor Minister Bias Ople, 
sees the possibility, too. “In a ratio- 

{Continned on Page 4, CoL © 


,?v„ 

v.X • • . -> V * 

' '•? 



Imelda R. Marcos 





Page 2 


TBJ&l 


INTERJVATlQNAIJgERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2,1985 


** 



Challenge Botha Government 


By AUistcr Sparks 

Washington Pott Service 

DURBAN, Sooth Africa — 
Thirty-four black unions joined 
■forces here this weekend to form 
the biggest labor organization in 
South Africa. 

' They committed the new organi- 

- zation to play an activist role in the 
black struggle against apartheid. 
Smith Africa's system of racial sep- 
aration. 

• At an inaugural rally Sunday, the 
previously apolitical unions de- 
clared their support for a policy of 
curbing foreign investment in 
South Africa and pat the govan- 
' mem on notice that if it aid not 
■ abolish the laws that compel blades 
■’ to carry passes within six months, 

- they would begin a defiance cam- 

• paign and call on members to bora 
their passes. 

• Another big rally of blacks in 
'Port Elizabeth agreed Sunday to 
suspend a boycott of white-owned 
shops in that city, but warned that 
if Nelson Mandela and other tin- 
ned black leaders were not re- 

by April, and outlawed 


black political movements legal- 
ized, the boycott would be re- 
sumed. 

The formation of the new union 
federation just six years after Mack 
trade luriouiam was legalist has 
been described as a mflestone event 
that could change South Africa’s 
economic and political fabric. 

The federation's member union? , 
with a joint membership of about 
500,000, are considered the best or- 
ganized in the fle dgling black labor 
movement. They span the vital 
mining, metal, food, retailing and 

transport industries. 

However, black labor organiza- 
tions with about 200,000 members 
following the philosophy of black 
oodsdoosoess remained outside (be 
new federation because they op- 
posed its uonradal stance and 
wanted to see whites barred from 
leadership positions. 

Nevertheless, the federation, 
called the Congress of South Afri- 
can Trade Unions, appears to be in 
a position to back its demand s for 
political reforms with a range of 


strikes that could paralyze the 
South African economy. 

“With the economy already reel- 
ing from the impact of the town- 
ship unrest and increasing pressure 
for international sanctions, this ad- 



han Maree, a specialist in labor 
affairs at Cape Town University. 

When black unionism wa s first 
allowed, most of the new unions 
decided to avoid politics. Although 
they declared their rqection of 
apartheid, (hey feared they would 
be crushed in infancy under South 
Africa's stringent security laws if 
they became politically active in 

opposing it They decided to con- 
centrate first cm building op their 


Black Nationalists Say Goals 
Are in Sight in South Africa 


(Continued from Page 1) 

lion to the group last year, is the 
foreign donor, Mr. Sebina 


in tdligence forces had been discov- 
ered in the last year. 


Getting weapons into South Af- 

- rica has been very difficult African 
National Congress officials ac- 

. knowledge- “The main problem is 

- transit distances,” said Simon Ma- 
kana, a member of the executive 
committee. 

South African officials in Pro- 
. toria say the bulk of the group's 

- weapons and training are supplied 
by the Soviet Union and its allies. 

Some diplomats in 7-amhia say 
the success of South African intelli- 
gence efforts has severely ham- 
1 pered African National Congress 
' activities. James Stuart, another ex- 
ecutive committee member, ac- 
knowledged that scores of infiltra- 
tors from the South African 


Also within the last year, the 
Reagan administration has initiat- 
ed quiet, informal contacts with the 
African National Cnngiwpg in Lu- 
saka. “Basically,” Mr. Stuart said, 
“what they have said is there 
should be some kind of dialogue, 
some kind of contact They 
the approach." 

_ African National Congress offi- 
cials seem confident about thdr 
chances of success. With that confi- 
dence has come a stiffening of their 
public posture on negotiations with 
Pretoria. 



UNIVERSITY 

DEGREE 


MOfijOrS • MASTERS • DOCTORATE 
Hr Wwfc. a natom i c , Ufc fapmi mum. 


Sand detailed resume 
tar free evaluation. 


PACIFIC WESTERN UMVERS1TY 


M0 N. Sepulveda BlvdU 
Las Anodes. California 
900M. Dept. 23, U.&A. 


Publicly, the organization has 
dis m issed any suggestion that it 
would consider a federation in 
South Africa that would involve 
certain guarantees for the white mi- 
nority, as is the case in Zimbabwe, 
where a percentage of parliamenta- 
ry seats is reserved for whites. 

“We are not going to pander to 
the bigotry of whites,” said Pallo 
Jordan, a member of the executive 
committee. “Look, the whites in 
Kenya have not been driven into 
the sea. The whites in South Africa 
have nothing to fear other. One is 
going to negotiate at some point, 
bat we are not going to concede to 
any pockets of white privilege. One 
person, one vote is nomnegotiable 
m a unitary South Africa.” 


it they have come under in- 
creasing pressure to play a more 
activist role over the past year, as 
unrest in the blade townships and 
violent clashes with riot police have 
radicalized many of thdr members. 

The unrest also provided the cat- 
alyst for unification, which had 
been the subject of negotiations be- 
tween the unions that had sput- 
tered on for nearly four years. 

' At Sunday’s rally the federa- 
tion's newly elected leaders deliv- 
ered fiery political speeches and 
about 10,000 unionists jogged 
around a sports s tadium with col- 
orful banners, ringing freedom 
songs and chanting black national- 
ist slogans. 

To wild cheers from the crowd, 
the president of the new federation, 
Elijah Barayi, called on Mr. Botha 
to resign as president and “make 
way for the real leader of the peo- 
ple, Nelson Mandela," the impris- 
oned leader of the illegal and earned 
African National Congress. 

The rally Sunday was similar to 
the big political rallies that have 
been the focal events of black activ- 
ism in the townships, which the 
police now usually either ban or 
break op. Sunday, however, the po- 
lice watched from a distance 



EBjah Barayi, who was elected president of the newly formed Congress of Sooth African 
Trade Unions, being carried Sunday by workers at a labor rally, in Durban, Sooth Africa. 



Opposition Rift Widens in Campaign Against Marcos 


By John Burgess 

Washington Paa Service 


In a display of the economic 
musde that the new union move- 
ment feds it has, Mr. Barayi, 60, 
wagged a finger at the watching 
ponce contingent and shouted: **f 
want to tefl you that you will not 
arrest one soul at this meeting to- 
day. If you have come to provoke 
trouble, then you will get what you 
are asking for.” 

Emphasizing that the new union 
federation would not confine itself 
to wage negotiations but intended 
to play a leadership role in black 
politics and community affairs, 
Mr. Barayi said: “We are going to 
give a lead.” The federation *1s 
going to govern this country, " he 
added. 


MANILA — A newly formi-H 
coalition has formally drafted Cor- 
azon Aquino as a presidential can- 
didate in the upcoming Philippine 
presidential election. 

The action widened a rift in the 

opposition that could eHimnat* »qy 

chance of it defeating President 
Ferdinand E Marcos. 

_ Most analysts give the opposi- 
tion no chance of winning the Feb. 
7 presidential election if the anti- 
Marcos vote is divided between 
Mrs. Aquino, 52, and the opposi- 
tion’s other front-runner, Salvador 
H. Laurel, 57, a former senator. 

Mr. Laurel was nominated by his 
party, the United Nationalist Dem- 
ocratic Organization, last June. 

Sunday evening, in a crowded 
cathedral in Manila, Mrs. Aquino 
was presented with a reported 1 2 
million signatures urging hex to ran 
for prerioeot. She responded with 
what appeared to be a premise to 
do so. 

Afterward, rhotremrlc of sup. 
porters, some carrying candles and 
beating drums, inarched with Mrs. 
Aquino to her house more than a 
mfleaway.lt was one of the largest 
opposition demonstrations seen in 
the Philippines m recent months. 

Mis. Aquino told s npporten at . 
the cathedral that she would hold 
off on a formal declaration nntil 
after President Marcos signed a biU 
providing for a special presidential 
election on Feb. 7. He is expected 
to do so Monday night. 

“I wish to assure yon — yqawfll 


hear what you want to hear. You 
will not be disappointed,” she said, 
didting a roar of approval from the 
crowd. 


Mrs. Aquino did not play a ag- 
i role in politics untflafter 


nificanl ^ 

the assassination of her husband, 
Benigno S. Aquino Jr., the opposi- 
tion leader, in 1983. A Manila court 
is expected to hand down a verdict 
Monday on the 25 military person- 
nel and one civilian tried in connec- 
tion with his mnrder. 

The formal draft for Mrs. 


Aquino was issued Saturday by a 
»ple*s 


coalition group called PeopL. 
Struggle. Its leader, Jovito Salonga, 
said, “She is expected to announce 
her derision to run very shortly.” 

Mr. Maroos and his ruling New 
Society Movement are watching 
the rivalry between Mrs. -Aquino 
and Mr. Laurel with interest “The 
more the merrier,” Mr. Marcos was 
recently quoted as saying. 

The Philippine opposition. spans 
the political spectrum and 
businessmen, church leaders, labor 
organizers and conservative politi- 
cians frozen out of positions of in- 
fluence. It has been unable to dose 
ranks against Mr. Marcos, who is in 
ins 20th year of power. 

- Emotions have run. high hi the 
opposition camps. Earlier this 
month, Cerilia Mutiaz- Palma re- 
signed as chairman of the National 
Unification Committee, an opposi- 
tion umbrella group. She reported-. 
ly -had had a heated dispute with 
Mr. LasreL 

Her successor, Francisco Ro- 
drigo, announced last week-that the 


major opposition parties had 
agreed to select a angle candidate. 
Mr. Laurel and Mrs. Aquino have 
met repeatedly in recent days to try 
to work dot a comprome, but 
nothing has emerged. By many ac- 
counts, the hostility between the 
two camps has grown. 

The topic’s Struggle coalition 
was formed last week by parties 
that boycotted the. Unification 
Committee. They asserted that it 
was controlled by Mr. LaureL 
■ Leftists Denounce Section 

About 8,000 leftist demonstra- 
tors denounced the Feb. 7 election 
as a “U.S. imperialist ploy,” The 
Associated Press reported from 

Manila 

The demonstrators matrirad Sat- 
urday toward Mr. Marcos’s official 
residence but were stopped a few 
blocks away by riot police. 

They ch*nted t “Crush the U.S.- 
‘ Maroos dictatorship” and painted 
slogans on walls calling far “Revo- 
lution, not elections.” 

A separate group of about 700 
people demonstrated outside the 
gates of die U.S. Embassy, protest- 
ing U.&. military and economic as- 
sistance to the Maroos government 

•Speakers at the two rallies de- 
scribed the proposed election as a- 
trickby Mr. Marcos’s “US. impe- 
rialist '-masters” to improve the ’ 
president’s image. 

Police in Angdes, 50 infles (80. 
kilometers) north of Manila, said 
there also were dgmnn s t nirinnB 
there against American involve- 
ment in the Fhflippmes,; mrinding 
one near Qark Air Base. •■■■ 


WORLD BRIEFS 


Argentina, Brazil Ask for Debt Talks 


TANCREDO NEVES BRIDGE Aigco tinc-BrazHian border (Reu- 
ters) —The presidents of Argentina and Brazil have called for political 
negotiations on Latin America’s $360 billion foreign debt. 

At a ceremony Saturday, President Raul Aifonsin of Argentina and 
President Jos6 Sarncy of Brazil met for the first time at the opening of the 
Tancredo Neves bridge, about 650 miles (1,040 kilometers) northeast of 
Buenos Aires on thelguazti River. The bridge is named after the Brazilian 
president-elect who died in April before he could take office. 

The Brazilian leader said after the inauguration of the bridge that Latin 
American countries should negotiate with creditor countries to reconcile 
their common interests. Mr. Aifonsin said the region should impress on 
its creditors that the austere economic remedies they were trying to 
impose were impractical. 


LONDON (Reuters) — Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the Iranian 
leader, said his country’s main oil-export terminal at Khaig Island was 
still operating despite repeated Iraqi attacks, Tehran radio reported. 

“1 don’t knowhow many tunes Kharg Island can be destroyed, because 
they say time after time that (hey have razed Kharg to the ground.” he 
was reported as saying Saturday. 

The radio report, monitored in London, quoted him as saying: “The 
export of oil is still flowing in the same way as in the pasL” Iraq says that 
its planes have attacked Kharg Island 44 times since mid-August.' 


Ex-Rhodesian Politician Is Murdered 


HARARE, Zimbabwe (Reuters) 
— Douglas C Lflford, a leading 
figure in the politics of Rhodesia in 
the 1960s and 1970s, was found 
murdered on his farm near Harare 
early Saturday, police said. The 
motive for the kilting was not 
known. 

Mr. Lilford, 77, helped Ian 
Smith found the Rhodesia Front 
party in 1962 and then helped him 
to become prime rnmimw from 
1964 to 1979 before the advent of 
black-m a jo ri ty rule in the country, 
now called Zimbabwe. 

Mr. Lflford, one of the wealthiest 
people in Zimbabwe, retired from 
politics three years ago. Through- 
out Rhodesia’s illegal indepen- 
dence from Britain between 1965 
and 1979, be opposed every consti- 
tutional proposal that offered po- 
litical power to black people. 





■=*k. 


Oil Is Still Flowing, Khomeini Says ^ 

T flWTVIM D..L.H.V m . , » * 


% 


i,' * 


0 


Douglas C LilfonJ 


Police, Workers Guard Japanese Rails 

TOWn/wn c, t .i j • . 


TOKYO (NYT) — Several thousand rim policemen and rail workers 
were guarding train stations and other installations of the Japan National 
Raflarays over the weekend to prevent a recurrence of the sabotage that 
shut 23 commuter lines Friday. 

Stopgap repairs restored communications and signal systems that had 
been knocked out in wefl-ttined raids, and trains ran on ortwri ti fe in 
Tokyo and Osaka. Both cities were badly snarled Friday ma nning as 
mflhons of commuters jammed roads and private rail lines in search of 
alternative ways to get to work. 

Japanese police have focused their investigation on a band of leftist 
extremists known as the Chukaku-ha, or Middle Core Faction. 




For the Record 


-A • , 


U rea Armenians were charged in Paris on Saturday with possessing 
mns and explosives. Police said they were Monte MeUconian, leader of 
the moderate Armenian National Movement; Zibour Kassbar, a woman 
member of the group, and Benjamin Kechechian, a journalist (Reiners) 

. The liberal Party hi Quebec is favored in Monday’s legislative elec- 
tions and is Hkely to end nine years of rule by the Parti Qufebecois, 
according to opinion poll results published over the weekend. (Reuters) 








* ftKM H ! I * ■» * i< I :m>« mi WCI UW » «mO ; 


Page 3 


AMERICAN TOPICS 



.'^5- * sr* 

v "-V 

. 2- ' *-.- 


■' tv-. 

*• v • 


Astronauts 
FiniskTasks 
Faster Than 


In 17.S.J Private Guards Wid rtftote in Public Safety 


^ :?. - . 


fraught Wilfa Fizzles 

-r History provides dannting 
statistics for congressmen, like 
Jack F. K emp, a New York Re- 
publican, or vice presidents. 
Hike George Bush, who are con- 
sidering running for president 

‘ '1988. ■; 

According to a New York 
Times survey, only cate sitting 
TJousemember has ever been 
detected- president: James A. 
Garfield in 1880. Gerald R. 
Fowl went from the House to 
die White House, but by ap- 
pointment, not election. 

Nine vice presidents have 
succeeded to toe presidency on 
Uie death or resignation of the 
president. Bat wily three in- 
cumbent vice presidents have 
been dectedpreadent — John 
Adams in 1796, Thomas Jeffer- 
son in 1800 and Martin Van 
Burenin 1836. Two who tried it 
and failed in recent years in- 
dude Richard M. Nixon in 
1960 (he succeeded, after leav- 
ing office, in 1968) and Hubert 
H. Humphrey in 1968. 


ShortTakes 

When a construction project / 
at Fort McClellan, near Annis- 
ton, Alabama, is completed in 
February. the army will begin 
using active nerve gas to train 
•troops in & «*hwmI warfare 
course for the first time since 
1973. About 5,000 men and 
women a year will be exposed to - 
, an atmosphere containing actu- 
al nerve gas. Lieutenant Colo- 
nel T raimi e Sanderson, who 
will direct the program, said 
this will leach the troops to. 
trust their own gas masks: “We 
.want to give than confidence.” 

Donald Porter, secretary- 
general of the International 
Confederation of Amateur 
Baseball /Softball based in. 
Oklahoma City, who recently 
returned from Moscow, says 
Soviet -authorities have agreed 
to a S 150.000 program to intro- 
duce baseball and women’s. 


next spring to train So- 
viet athletes. The Americans 
say-that Soviet interest in base- 
ball will hdp encourage . its 
eventual acceptance as an 
Olympic sport 

Shorter Talus: Toy-related 
injuries totaled 126,000 last 
year, down from 147,000 in 
1977, but up from 118,000 in 
1983, according to the federal 
Consumer Product Safety 
Commission. . . . The most ex- 
pensive project in the interstate 
highway system, an eight-lane, 
1 -5-mile (Z4-kflaax*er) tumid 
under Baltimore Harbor that 
cost $825 million, was opened 

this month A third of New 

York (Sty’s 6,000 subway cars 
will be graffiti-free by the end 
of the year, the city transit au- 
thority says, and more than half 
are. expected to be dean by the 
end of 1986. 


Notes About People 

Friends say that Prank L 
Rizzo, the f ormer police chief 
who was mayor of Philadelphia 
from 1972 to 1980, is thinking 
of naming again in 1987. Mr. 
Rizzo was defeated by W. Wil- 
son Goode, in 1983. Mr. Goode 
plans to seek re-election, but he 
is considered politically vulner- 
able- because of the police 
bamhmg of a house occupied 
by MOVE, a radical group, hist 
May, in winch 11 persons were 
killed . and 250 houses de- 
stroyed. 

FAuund Morris, the autho- 
rized biographer of RouddRea- 
g n, told the president that he 
wished he hadnad as much ma- 
terial for his book on Theodore 
Roosevelt as he is getting on 
Mr; Reagan, who has granted 
him unlimited access to die 
White House. The president, re- 
calling Roosevelt's Spanish- 
Amencan War cavalry charge, 
replied, “Well, Tm not going to 
ride up San Juan HO for you.” 


By Thomas OToolc . 

Wasfmgim Put S&rice • 

WASHINGTON — Two Ameri- 
can. astronauts aboard the space 

rimttle Atlantis have practiced con- 
: sfruction! techniques that will be. 
needed to. bmld a permanent orbit- 
ing station 230 miles (3721dlomo- 
ters) above Earth. 

: Qq spacewalks Sunday and Fri- 
day, Major Jeny L Ross of the air 
force and Lieutenant Coload Sher- 
wood C. Spring of the army per- 
formed tests to help space engi- 
neers understand some of the 
problems that might arise in assem- 
bling a space station projected for 
1993.- 

[They completed the tests in a 
five-hour exercise Sunday using tbe 
Shuttle’s robot aim .as an oibiial 
chary picker, United Press Inter- 
national repeated from. Cape Ca-' 
naveral, Florida. The test was 
aimed at exploring alternate meth- 
ods of construction using the ship's 
50-foot .(164-meter) mechanical 
arm to move a man ‘about, much 
like the land used to maneuver util- 
ity workere who service street lights 
and overhead wires.] 

During tbe spacewalk on Friday, 
the astronauts assembled 93 alumi- 
num struts and 33 joints into a 45- 
foot towa in a little more than. 40 
mrimtes. After breaking down the 
tower and stowing the parts, they 
assembled a 400-pound (181-kilo- 
gram) inverted pyramid out of six 
12-foot aluminum hemw 

Working without tools, they 
bmlt the pyramid and broke ft 
down eight times, twice more than 
scheduled and in less time than 
they were allotted for six assem- 
blies. 

By the end of their task, the as- 
tronauts were assembling the pyra- 
mid in nine minutes and breaking it 
down in less than six minutes — 
three minutes fiyw rt«ti the first 
assembly and disassembly. 

They did in four hours a job they 
woe given more than five to com- 
plete. 

Television : views at National 
Aeronautics and Space Adminis- 
tration headquarters in Washing- 
ton showed the astronauts trading 
places twice while they worked. 
They appeared in almost complete 
control of a job that had never been 
done before in space. 

The astronauts, walking in day- 
light and dadmwHc as they ended 
Earth, said they found the e«ks a 
little harder when under floodlights 
on the dark side of the planet 

When they built the tower, the 
astronauts faced each other in fixed 
positions, anchored with foot re- 
. straints. After putting together one 
of the tower bays, they s&d it up- 
. wardongoider^ to start work on 
‘tiie next bay.' r 

Once, Cucuid Spring hit his feet 
against the tower, and mice Mqjor 
Ross hit a switch with his hand that 
turned on a light by mistake. Those 
were tbe only accidental moves 
during the exercise. 


the astronauts got out of ttetr foot 
restraints and attached themselves 
to tethers so they could float freely 
around the space shuttle’s cargo 
bay. Major Ross stayed near the 
floor wink Colonel Spring floated 
about 12 feet above it 
The shuttle landing is scheduled 
for Tuesday at Edwards Air Force 
Base, California. 


APPEAL 

; tO - 

ALL MEMBERS OF THE MELKITE CATHOLIC COMMUNITIES 
IN BRITAIN, FRANCE AND ALL OTHER COUNTRIES OF EUROPE 

An International Mel kite Catholic Union (IMCU) has been founded 
recently in London, of which Patriarch Maximos V Hakim is President. 
The birth of IMCU was witnessed at a meeting (16-19 Nov.) by 
representatives of the Melkite Catholic communities in Britain, France, 
the U.S.A., Canada and Brazil. 

The purposes of IMCU aim at, inter alia, promoting the spiritual and 
cultural welfare of all members of the Melkite Catholic Church, and 
encouraging all its members to stand for human dignity in the world, 
justice and care for the suffering. 

IMCU hereby appeals to all members of the Melkite Catholics in 
Britain, France and all other countries of Europe to join the Union by 
completing the application form below and mailing it to the following 
address: 

I.M.C.U. 

65 Coleheme Court, 

Old Brompfon Rood, 

LONDON SW5 OEF 

. The above is a liaison address which can also be reached by Tel. 
629 657T (London) between 1 0 a.m. and 5 p.m. # Monday - Friday. 


. By Martin; Tolchin . 

- new York Tima Strtjce 

WASHINGTON — Thousands 
of private security guards are tak- 
: ing over some of: the police func- 
tions offedwal, and local au- 
thorities around thocountiy. 

. Hie movement bun government, 
work marks an important depar- 
ture from the role gtards have fong 
taken in protecting industrial and 
axnmercial property . 

Security industry officials say 
their services Bave taxpayer money 
' by avoiding red tape and tri mming 
government employees. “We free 
sworn police officers to concen- 
trate on more important Jaw en- 
forcement activities,” said George 
Zoley, vice president, of govern- 
ment services for Wackenhnt 
Corp., cme. of the largest U.S. pri- 
vate security companies. 

But critics say hiring standards 
and tr aining programs of private 
' security concerns are far less strict 

than those of public agencies. They 
also say private agents are not sub- 
ject to the same controls as public 
officers. Finally, they say law en- 
forcement issues of hf e and liberty 
are too important to be left in pri- 
vate hands. ‘ 

Private guards, including some 
neighborhood guards, have been 
involved in assaults, shootings, 
vandalism, burglaries staged to at- 
tract cheats and burglaries of cli- 
ents’ properties. Industry leaders 
agree the field needs stricter regula- 
tions and licensing requirements. 

But tbe use of private guards by 
government agencies continues, to 
grow, largely because they cost 
much less than public law enforce- 
ment agents. 

“Weare witnessing a fundamen- 
tal shift in the area of public safe- 
ty,” said James K. Stewart, director 
of the National Institute of Justice, 
the research arm of tbe Justice De- 
partment. “It’s not a loss of confi- 
dence in the police, but a desire to 
have more police.” 

.Private guards, in blue blazers 
and dark trousers and deputized 
like members of posses in tbe old 
West, serve as U.S. mar shals in 
federal courthouses. 

. Others, wearing uniforms and 
badges nearly indistinguishable 
from those worn by public law en- 
forcement officials, guard military 
bases and airports. Still others, in 
army-style fatigues and blade ski 


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From left, Steve Benner, Pad Hanghom, Joseph Carrieri and Frank Fernandez, fanner 
policemen, are private guards deputized as US. marshal at federal court in Manhattan. 


tnaslrs, guard nndwir facilities of 
tbe Department of Energy. 

On the local level private guards 
protect dty halls and other public 
buEdings in such cities as Seattle, 
Denver and San Francisco. They 
guard public hrwuan g projects and 
sports arenas, direct traffic, patrol 
parks and parking tots and hdp 
local poEce investigate crimes. 

More residents of wealthy neigh- 
borhoods arc hiring security guards 
to augment local law enforcement 
efforts. A handful of communities 
hflvw w qi ttismiimri their entire po- 
lice departments and contracted 
with private companies for all law 
enforcement services. 

Private law . enforcement is not 
new in the United States. Until the 
nation's first police department 
was formed in New York City in 
1844, “law enforcement was in the 
hands of the private sector,” said 
Lawrence Sherman, professor of 
criminology at the University of 
Maryland. “Basically, the only way 
people got apprehended was in re- 
sponse to economic incentives,” 
such as bounties, he said. 

Even after law enforcement was 
well established as a public respon- 
sibility, private guards continued to 
find work protecting industrial and 
commercial establishments such as 
factories, warehouses, department 
stores, hospitals, hotels and con- 


struction sites. These remain the 
industry’s mainstays. 

Today, however, work for gov- 
ernment agencies and the protec- 
tion of resi dential communities are 
the industry's fastest-growing sec- 
tors. 

About 36,000 of the nation’s 1.1 
million private guards work for 
‘government: 1 1,000 for the federal 
government, 9,000 for states and 
16,000 for local governments. 

At the federal level, tbe use of 
private guards reflects the Reagan 
administration’s c ommitm ent to 
reducing tbe size of government by 
turning to private industry far ser- 
vices formerly performed by feder- 
al employees. On the local level, 
this trend reflects the cut in federal 
funds available to communities, 
and opposition to tax increases to 
pay for government services. 

The number of private security 
guards increased by 50 percent 
over the last 10 years, according to 
a study commissioned by tbe Na- 
tional Institute of Justice. 

For example, there are 60,000 
stale and local public law enforce- 
ment officers m New York, but 
mate and industry o fficials wt rimat* 
private guards outnumber them by 
more than two to one. In Texas, 
where there are 36,000 public law 
enforcement officers, the ratio is 
five to one, the nation’s highest 


“Corporations are developing 
■huge, private, gun -carrying ar- 
mies,” said Hubert Williams, for- 
mer public safety director of New- 
ark, New Jersey, and president of 
the Police Foundation, a research 
group. “This raises questions about 
the very namre of the republic.” 

Stephen S. Trott, chief of the 
Justice Department’s c riminal divi- 
sion, attributed the increase to the 
widriy fadd belief that federal, state 
and local authorities do not pro- 
vide adequate protection. 

His major concern, he said, was 
that “you'll find people in the pri- 
vate security industry carrying 
grnis who themselves had serious 
criminal records.” He added. “Oc- 
casionally, private security picks up 
the people who law enforcement 
agencies won’t take.” 

Indeed, tbe New York State In- 
vestigation Commission found in 
1983 that two- thirds of private 
guards in the state had arrest re- 
cords. Connecticut state police 
found last year that four of every 10 
applicants had arrest records. In 
both states, most arrests were for 

minor fihmys that were dismissed. 

But several industry officials 
said their clients were Jess con- 
cerned with guards' records than 
with what their services cost. 

“Some clients aren't willing to 
pay more than the minimum 


wage,” said EJ. Criscooli, execu- 
tive rice president of tbe American 
Society for Industrial Security. 
“When you go to that labor market 
pool you're likely to get some indi- 
viduals wfao've had some brushes 
with the taw.” 

Critics also see serious philo- 
sophical and ethical problems 
when public safety becomes a mat- 
ter for private enterprise. 

"There's a conflict between the 
police officer’s role to catch crimi- 
nals and the private security offi- 
cer’s role to please his employer.” 
said William E. Cunningham, pres- 
ident Of Haller esi Systems, a law 
enforcement management consult- 
ing company. 

Critics assert that private guards 
often do not report crimes at shop- - 
plug malls, factories or elsewhere 
because their owners do not want 
them to become known as danger- 
ous places. Employers may direct 
guards not to report white-collar 
crimes to law enforcement agen- 
cies. 

Further, Mr. C unningham said, 
there were “grave concerns" about 
the ability of most police depart- 
ments to investigate corporate 
crime, such as computer crime, 
commercial bribery or industrial 
espionage. 

Courts have ruled that security 
guards for private companies are 
not subject to the constitutional 
constraints that restrict public law 
enforcement officers. 

Unlike private guards working 
for government agencies, who are 
held to the stricter standards, pri- 
vate guards working for private 
companies need not inform crime 
suspects of their constitutional 
rights or obey tbe Fourth Amend- 
ment’s restraints on searches. 

For example, the New York 
Court of Appeals held that private 
guards at Bloomingdale’s depart- 
ment store in Manha ttan were not 
required to leD a man accused of 
shoplifting that he had the right to 
remain silent. 

Critics also cite the equity issue 
that increasingly arises as residents 
of wealthy neighborhoods employ 
private guards, and just as some 
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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 




CIA Analyst 
Gave China 
Top Secrets, 
Official Says 

By Philip Shcnon 

New York Tims Service 

WASHINGTON — A former 
analyst for tbe Central Intelligence 
Agency is thought to have given 
China many of the CIA’s top-secret 
reports on the Far East written over 

the last 20years, a Reagan adminis- 
tration official has said. 

The official said Friday that the 
government believed that the ana- 
lyst, Lany Wu-Tai Chin, 63, had 
access to nearly all these docu- 
ments. He said that Mr. Chin was 
one of the intelligence agency's 

most experienced Chinese- lan- 
guage translators and was involved 
in distributing CIA repons to the 
White House and other federal 
agencies. 

Another administration official 
said that Mr. Chin might have pro- 
vided the Chinese with detailed in- 
formation about American policy 
in the Vietnam War. According to 
the Federal Bureau of Investiga- 
tion, Mr. Chin has confessed to 
spying for the Chinese since at least 
1952. 

Intelligence officials have been 
unable to explain how a CIA em- 
ployee might be able to spy far so 
long without detection. 





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“He’s been a mole for a long 
time, and he had access to aQ levels 
of classified information, secret 
and up,” a law enforcement official 
said. Officials said that Mr. Chin 
might have received as much as SI 
million from the Chinese in ex- 
change for American secrets. 

The official said that Mr. Chin 
often was involved in analyzing 
sensitive intelligence material gath- 
ered from China. By learning where 
the material had come from, the 
official said, Mr. Oiin could help 
Chinese agents identify the sources 
of the information. 

At a court hearing last week, an 
FBI agent testified that the Chinese 
needed two months to translate 
each shipment of material from 
Mr. Chin. His information was 
considered so valuable; the agent 
said, that Mr. Ohm’s identity was 
revealed to only a few people in 
China’s intelligence services. 

Despite reports that Mr. Chin 
was a relatively low-ranking intelli- 
gence agency analyst, officials said 
that he probably had done more 
damage to the United States than 
tbe three other Americans who 
were arrested on spying charges 
over tbe last two weeks. 

Mr. Chin, a UJS. citizen and a 
resident of Alexandria, Virginia, is 
being held without bail until trial. 
His lawyer said earlier this week 
that Mr. Chin would plead not 
guilty to the espionage charges, 
which carry a maximum penalty of 
life imprisonment. 


Israelis 
Apologize 
To U.S. in 
SpyCase 

(Continued from Page 1) 

about the covert Israeli activity, the 
radio reported] 

Mr. raes's statement also failed 
to address two demands made by 
the U.S. government: the return of 
secret documents allegedly stolen 
by Mr. Pollard and sold to his Is- 
raeli contacts, and the right of U.S. 
law enforcement officials to ques- 
tion two Israeli diplomats who re- 
turned last week to Israel after be- 
ing named as the contacts in the 
United States. 

Mr. Peres’s pledge to dismantle 
the “unit involved in this activity* 5 
was the first public reference by the 
Israeli government to an anti-ter- 
rorism intelhgence-gatheraig unit 
within the Defense Ministry. Ac- 
cording to informed Israeli sources, 
tbe turn directed espionage activi- 
ties in Washington. 

Israeli sources have said tbe unit 
operates under the direction of 
Kati Elan, a former adviser on 
terrorism to Mr. Peres and to for- 
mer Prime Minister Menachera Be- 
gin. 

Both of the Israeli science atta- 
ches who were recalled after Mr. 
Pollard’s arrest, Han Ravid and 
Yosef Yagur. were attached to an 
overt science and technology data- 


U.K. Sentencing: A Rioter Gets Lif e, a Killer, 6 Years 


By; Josqjh Lelyveid Brussds provoked a panic in which 38 

New Tark Tuna Service -. pawns died. The life sentence on a charge 

LONDON — When a rowdy football '' of “riotous behavior”, dearly was intended 
ten _ named Kevin Whition was sentenced 10 Be 
to life imprisonment recently, members of 
Parliament and editorial writers outdid aw 
another in praise for the judge. When a 
fanner philosophy student named Nicho- 
las Boyce got six years in jafl, no one 


glaring disparities and the lack of consis- 
tent standards have troubled some legal 
scholars. But da tls for change have been 
blocked by tire British judiciary's proud 
inssteuce on its independence. 

Two year* ago, Andrew Ashworth, a 


fellow of Worcester College at Oxford Uni- 
versity and the editor of the Criminal Law 
Review, called in a widely noticed scholar- 
ly: wort for the creation of a sentencing 
annual to lay down guidelines. Such a 


Reports on the case emphasized an as- 
sault on ah. American bartender at a pub. 

The attack was carried out with a broken 
glass by a gang that included Mr. Whitton, 

_ _ who previously had been jailed for bar- 

bothered to comment on the sentence. room brawling. The bartender was badly 

. . Yel by' the standards of most societies,' ernin the face, bur that assault had nothing _ 

including Britain's, Mir. Boyce’s crime iar ’■ fa do with the life sentence; it gave rise -council, he suggested, could be chaired by 
exceeded Mr. Whhton's in its cause- instead to a concurrent sentence of 10 the lord chief justice and made up of scfaol- 
quences and gruesomeness. years. ■ ars, probation officers and prism officials 

The details might almost be character- “It is exactly right that brutal and mind- as well as magistrates, 
ized as unmentionable, except that they less violence should attract a violent sen- Mr. Ashworth attributed the dearth of 
ware reported in even the most highbrow fence,” said Robin Coibetf, a Labor man- guidelines to “the English habit of mud- 
newspapecs in grisly detail- Having strati-' ber'of Parliam ent dling along without being explicit’' 

gied his wife, Mr.Bqyee hacked her body Geoffrey Dickens, a Conservative, said, 

into small pieces, some of which he cooked, “The country could be straightened out in 
in ordo, it was to the juty, to a year if judges move in with hobnailed 

make them look 14c leftovers from “a boots like this instead of imposing carpet- 
Suxxday lunch.” The remains were then slipper, powder-puff sentences.” 
distributed at various points around Lon- ■ The contrast between the two cases — 
don. each tried at the Old -Bailey; the main 

Mr. Whitton was involved in a riot after criminal court in London. — iwistr&tes the 
a game that he had not attended. Violence comparatively large discretion on sentenc- 
ing left to British judges by c riminal laws 
'that traditionally have set maxim um but 
not minnrmm sentences. The possibility of 


at soccer games has been widely de- 
nounced as a- national disgrace since May, 
when a riot by Liverpool fans at a game in 


and 

contended that “the senteuang process is a 
disgrace to the common-law tradition.” 

But he now acknowledges that sentenc- 
ing has not remained a live issue. “Clearly, 
it didn't meet the judiciary’s desires,” he 
said. - - •• 

Consistent standards could result in a 
stiffening of sentences, especially when it 
comes to homicides. British law makes a 
life sentence mandatory on minder convic- 
tions and leaves it up to juries to draw the 
distinction between murder and man- 


slaughter. Often juries bring in a finding of 
manslaughter, which can result in a life 
sentence but often produces something 
much lighter. 

On the MTTtf day that Mr. Whition was 
sentenced to life in prises for “riotous 
behavior.” an Old Bailey judge sentenced a 
while youth nanvtfl Martin Newhouse to 
six and a half years in jail for stabbing a 
young black to death in a street fight and 
"causing an affray.” 

Black groups, calling the killing racially 
motivated, had demanded a severe and 
exemplary sentence. The judge warned 
them that they might make themselves lia- 
ble to contempt charges. 

Mr. Boyce, the student who killed his 
wife, took advantage of a British legal 
tradition that treats domestic violence rela- 
tively lightly when it is charged that the 
slain spouse helped to raise the level of 
domestic tension. He testified that his wife. 
Christabel, had cast slurs on his manho od 
and provoked him by breaking bis pipes. 

In passing sentence, tire judge said that 
Mr. Boyce was devoted to his children and 
that “a man of reasonable self-control 
might have been similarly provoked and 
might have done what you did.” 


A Year Later, Misery and Rehabilitation at Bhopal Mrs. Marcos 


(Continued from Page 1) 
free rations of food, but this num- 
ber was cut back sharply in recent 


to make an inventray ctf the modi- been heard from lately, and instead ' which includes workshops for job- Oudes Critics, 
cal ailments for the purpose of 0- people have been signing up in re- t raining . y 


Man Killed in Hamburg 
In Protest to Free Hess 

Reuters 

HAMBURG — One man died 
and several people were figured 
Saturday when 2,000 protesters 
demonstrated outside a meeting 
held to demand the release of Ru- 
dolph Hess, a Conner deputy of 
Hitler. 

Hess, 91, was sentenced to life 
imprisonment for war crimes in 
1946. Hu United States, Britain 
and France have said they are will- 
ing to release him in view of his age 
and iD health, but the Soviet Union 
has rejected the proposal 


(tan, official Israeli sources said. 
The office is called Lekem, a He- 
brew acronym for Science Liaison 
Bureau. 

■ US. ‘Satisfied’ by Statement 

Secretary, of State George P. 
Shuliz said Sunday the United 
States welcomed Israel’s apology, 
Reuters reported from Houston, 
where tbe secretary had stopped 
while traveling to Colombia. 

“This is an excellent statement. 
Mr. Shultz said. “We are satisfied 
by it and wholeheartedly welcome 
it.” 

“We have been assured that they 
will provide us with access to the 
individuals who are knowledgeable 
about the case and that Israel wiB 
give us a full report on the extent of 
whatever activities their investiga- 
tion reveals to have taken place,” 
be said. 


Arafat Arrives in Algiers 

Raders 

ALGIERS — Yasser Arafat, 
chairwHie of the Palestine Libera- 
tion Organization, ai'rived here Sat- 
urday on an unscheduled visit far 
talks with Algeria's president, 
Chadli Bendjedid, Palestinian 
sources said. 


In all, the government has spent 
about $40 million on relief efforts 
since the actidenl, roughly half of it 
in direct cash grants and food assis- 
tance. 

The other half has paid for medi- 
cal treatment andjob-trauring pro- 
grams that have enrolled 1 ,200 peo- 
ple with breathing problems in 

and sewingmac^es, television^ 

pairs, soap- rimBr-miUng and 
other less taxing work 

Recently the government 
stepped up its drive to distribute 
cash grants to poor victims and 
sign people up to press legal claims 
against Union Carbide Corp. Crit- 
ics say these efforts woe prompted 
by the approaching anniversary of 
the disaster. 


mg a d»iro against Union 
Carbide Corp. Hie company, based 
in Danbury, Connecticut, has a 
50.9 percent ownership in Union 
Carbide India LteL, which operated 


Ex months ago, a visit to 
indicated that medkane distrii 
tion was in chaos. Gas victims were 
going from dispensary to dispen- 
sary to get relief. No records were 
being kept, and doctors said over- 
medication was rampant 
Last week, doctors said they had 
come to recognize, tins problem 
only late in tire summer, when it 
was determined that some people 
were nHmg multiple quantities of 
vitamins, alcohol-based cough syr- 
ups, steroids and antibiotics to 
combat their ills- 
Urea the hardest-hit areas of 
Bhopal were split into seven dis- 
tricts, each with a central dispm- 


Mo trial Vora, chief minister of , sary. Patients were told to go only 
the state of Madhya Pradesh, de- * to their own dispensary, and every- 
med cha rg e* nf miiemar>i>gi»m«»nt n t one was to be given a code number 


aid. 


he said. “Our first priority was to 
provide medical rdief, and we have 
succeeded to a large extent Now 
we arc proceeding with social and 
economic rehabilitation.” 

Political groups are planning ral- 
lies; processions and demonstra- 
tions against Union Carbide in 
connection with the anniversary. 

Yet, only in. the last few months 
has there been any organized, effort 


Investors. Gnanaeis* travtiersand traders allow the world, consofr the IHTfor dafy currency rates. 



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Election Rivals 

(Continued from Page 1) 
uaJ world, you might say a Marcos- 
Marcos ticket is not possible,” he 
said tire other day. “But politics in 
the Philippines is seldom ratiouaL” 
He added, “No one else has the 
political fund of gratitude and 
good will that she has. to boost a 
candidacy. She stands guardian 
over tbe whole reservoir of political 
debts." 

Mrs. Marcos dismissed some of 
her potential political rivals by say- 
ing they were motivated by “just 
simple little self -interest.” 

Sue was asked about tire percep- 
tion that Corazon Aquino, widow 
of Benigno S. Aquino Jr., the assas- 
sinated opposition leader, repre- 
sents a moral cause that could 
sweep tbe widow to power in an 
election. 

“Moral cause, ha, ha, ha," she 
said. "What a big, noble name like 
moral cause, for one interest We 
sym pathise I sympathize with her, 
ber family, the family of Aquino, as 
any Filipino sympathizes. But we 
cannot continue sympathizing until 
we sympathize because we have 
lost our country." 

Ere said she was afraid to hold 
private conversation in the palace. . 

“Well, it looks like the whole 
place is bugged,” she said. “Our 
telephones arc all bugged. We arc 
all, from all corners.” 

She was vague about the possible 
source of the wiretapping that she 
believed was taking place, but said 
private conversations had later ap- 
peared in public. 

“Anything of real security, we 
don’t do here,” she said. 

. Mra. Marcos also asserted that 
■■ disinformation was being spread 

U.S. Officers Reportedly Witnessed Malta Raid 

*• - ■' terrible what we have discovered,” 

she said. 


and yellow record dud. 

As a. result, the nudkarian situa- 
tion seems to have improved, al- 
though interviews with dozens of 
Bhopal residents showed only a 
small fraction with yellow record 

Major organizational problems 
in Bhopal appear likely to hamper 
the govemmmfs attempt to mount 
an effective legal riaim in a U&- 
court for compensation from 
Union Carbide, 

When a swarm of American lawr 
yen came to Bhopal after the. acci- 
deot to agn up cheats, there was' 
talk of huge benefits in court chums 
to be reaped bum the nmltination- 


The American, lawyers have not 


cent months at 30 different official 
eh»m centers, authorizing the Indi- 
an government to serve as thrir 
legal representative. 

- Government offi cials said they 
were pleased they had signed up 
200,000 people already, and that 
they expected the total to reach 
300,000. 

Government officials said that in 
recent weeks the number of people 
gang to hospitals and doctors’ of- 
fices complaining of illness from 
tire gas accident has surged. 

Some doctors say (bey suspect 
some. of tire increase is caused by 
people who want to file attire legal 
complaint centers. Newspapers 
have reported that, for a' nominal 
charge, some doctors arcfiDing out 
prescription forms for anyone who 
asks, without any effort to deter- 
mine whether the applicants woe 
actually affected by the gas leak. ' 

“Maybe we are si g nin g up some 
phony fellows,” said LA. Khare, 
who is director of claims for the 
Bhopal accident. “But I am sure 
there arc also some genuine rates 
who will be left out” * 

Hie said that before pressing Its 
claims in court the Indian govern- 
ment will probably have to match 
tire claims with affidavits from doc- 
tors. Others say tins is likely to 
prove extremely difficult : 

Throughout Bhopal, Union Car- 
bide appears to be highly unpopu- 
lar. AH last week, - loudspeakers 
could be heard calling for demon- 
strations on the amuweisazy of the 
disaster. • „ 

, The company announced that it 
Wasoffecmg to. spend. $350,000 for 
a housing complex for 96:famQies 
in the area affected by tire- gas. 


A year ago, the company donat- 
ed a mfflion dollars to tire Indian 
prime minis ter's relief fund, and 
more recently, the Indian subsid- 
iary and its 8,000 employees at II 
other plants in India contributed 

570.000 for medical rdief and job 

tr aining 

The government has also made 

24.000 payments of $125 to poor 

families in neighborhoods affected 
by the gas. m interviews, many 
people said these had helped tide 
them over hard times. 

Several activist groups in Bhopal 
con tinue to maimain that the gov- 
ernment has been parsimonious in 
its assistance and too cautious inits 
estimates Of the damages 

“There has been some recent im- 
provement, but only because of our 
agitations,” said Dr. Anil Sadgo- 
pal. an activist in tire Bhopal Gas 
Disaster Struggle, an independent 
group that has agitated for more 
government help for (he Bhopal 
victims. “Whatever (hey do is al- 
waya too Hole, too late and some; 
times never.” 

Dr. Jshwar Dass, supervisor of 
(he government’s medical relief ef- 
fort, acknowledged tbar sometimes 
the pace has been slow. ' 

“But this was a tragedy of un- 
precedented dimensions,” be said. 
“One can always say we should 
have handled it better, but we did 
as best we could given our re- 
sources and the conditions.” 

There may never be agreement 
cm bow many people actually con- 
tinue to be affected by tire gas leak. 
About 175,000 people went to hos- 
pitals with complaints in the first 
days, and many people believe that 
thu number of people continue to 
experienceat least some mfld com- 
plaints. • - 


•(Countered from Page 1) 

or, as Prime Munster Carroelo Mif- 
snd Braimd indicated, to i n tercept 
the hqaeked plane if it left Malta. 

Neither the UJS. Embassy in 
Valletta nor tire Maltese govern- 
ment would confirm or deny the 


presence of- U.S.- military officers 
with tire Egyptians. But sources 
said (hey had talked to the UJSL 
officers at the airport buildisg 
where the Egyptian commandos 
had set up their headquarters' after 
Hying from Cairo. 

Other sources confirmed reports 


WORLDWIDE E OTERT/ITOM KOT 



AN INDIAN ISLAND OF COl'KMET ADVENTURE 
MOORED ON THE SEINE 

t 

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■■■ ^ r I JAROIN DE SHAM MAR. •'The Garden 






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WORLDWIDE 

EVra«TAIMM*3YT 

■V. . . '.’ripgpearo every. -\ 

... Monday, Wednesday, 

; - '• Friday 

For information " / 
ddlFraaqoise QEment 
hi Paris on 47.47.12.65 . 
ocyoor local IHT 

representative 

in {SssriGett: ^ • 

. . "Section ).-- ’ - 


that a second U5L military team 
had. sought to Oy to Malta from 
Europe to provide assistance to the 
Egyptian commandos but failed to 
arrive in time because of the hesita- 
tion of a nervous Maltese govern- 
ment. 

Sources in Washington said that 
the United States dispatched its 
special counterterrorist team 
known as the Delta Force from 
Fort Bragg, North Carolina. 

U5. government sources said 
that President Hosrri Mubarak of 
Egypt had requested the Delta 
Force. He has denied this. 

■ 60th Victim Dies 

The number at victims of tire 
hijacking has risen to (0 with the 
death of an Israeli woman who was 
shot by the hijackers, hospital offi- 
cials said Sunday. 

Nitzan Menddson, 23, one of 
five persons shot before the com- 
mando assault, died at Sl Luke’s 
Hospital in Valletta, a doctor in the 
intensive-care unit said. He did not 
say when she died. Miss Mmddson 
had been kept alive on life : 
afterl 
last week. 


the interview, Mrs. Mar- 
cos sent for a lined yellow pad m id 
illustrated her philosophy with ' 
drawings of a triangle rep re m nring 
politics, followed by a square rep- 
resenting tire economy, tallowed oy 
acircte representing social services. 
The sum erf these pjetograms, she 

said, is a heart, on which she drew a 
smiling face. 

As governor of metropolitan 
Manila, which has a population of 
more than eight mDIion people, and 
minister of human settlements, 
with a budget of nriOions of daQars, " 
Mrs^ Marcos has had broad oppor- 
tunities to put her philosophy dv o ‘ 
action. ■ 

Lu what appeared to be a sum- 
mary of some of her thoughts on 
life, Mrs. Marcos said at rare point: 
“They say that after the reach for 
money and power is the reach for ■ 


and the spirit of love is God. In the - 
state, an active state of duty, love 
god is happiness. A passive 
state of beauty, love arwf God is' ■ 
peace." 

“One of tire good things about' 
what fittie I know is that I am- 
humble, basically hum- 


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mTaiin Araferift* has 
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ifcunAile, *h Ainericta noise 
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huajDpted a news conferences! 
the Vatican on Satarifayto plead 
. 0Mc^f»««QKBa5pa6a^;^ 

V Mr ifc : same news osafiaew*, 

' onc^itopread^Qfthejatiaor- 
dinaiY synod oT bishops. Cardinal 
Jos^> ifaInla of. Zaire, said: the 
chDOTCodd not expect to become 

a “democracy, as we knew it and 

otjMpmceit irunvfl aoqety^:-. 

Tfciaack os liberation theol- 
ogy: one from BSshop DsajoCas- ■ 
tdto Hoyos, theacqcuiiwe secre- 
tary of .the Latin American 
Episcspri Conference. Car dinal 
Owwllnn Hoyos, of Pereira, Co- 
lombia, 4* taking nart.in the two- 
week mmd ot Bishops called by 
pope Jam Paul H to asseu dM 
stated dw dbnch -since the end of 
the Second Vatican Council 20 
yeaaa&x 

Cstraori CastnOon Hoyos said 
\ tte&uxfi in Latin America had 
gained credibifity by identifying it- 
sdf with the poor and now “sees 
with greater datity the overview of 
poverty, misery and exploitation." 

“In analyzing this reality in light 
of the.Gopei, the cfanrch has seen 
that this is a scandal," he coctin- 
ued. • . 

“Rat some fines of tiberation the- 
ology have generated some very 
souowfnl and very sad fnrit for the 
people and for the church," he said. 

“We can never use ham as & 
system of change, 1 * he said. “Hie 
core of bring a church is low." 

The bishop's comments raised 
one of the thorniest questions fac- 
ing the church, the relationship be- , 
t w een its teachings on the need to 
help the poor and political action. 

The theology of Gberathm has 
advocated the need for Catholics to 
become involved m movements for 
social justice and the derinbffity in 
some cases of revolution. ' 

The pope and (he Vatican have 
criticized aspects of Eberadon the- 


ology .sajing that in some forms it 
has adapted Marxist ideas, notably 
that of dam strangle. The libera- 
tion fiktfegjans. m-tmu, have ar- 
gued dat (be .Vatican’s attacks . 
have hurt Christian movements for 
social change! . 

The news, conference was inter- ' 
ruptod when the two women* Marie 
Tberise Sonmc^ of Brussels and 
Bain Burke of Fort Lauderdale, - 
Florida, were recognized as apeak-; 
exs and allowed to issue thetr ap-' 
pea&for the church to allow wom- 
en to be ondained as priests . ' 

“The yoke that has boat borne 
for too tong by die women of die 
church has to be Efted,” Ms. Broke . 


She sod dial in, the United 
: States, toany GibcBc women who: 
had studied theology for years had 
finally left the faith to join the 
Episcopal Church, so ihey could be 
ordained. 

■ Synod hi 5 Yean Proposed 

' Kenneth L. Briggs of The New 
York Times reported from Borne: 

Cardinal Mai ala said Saturday 
that another meetmg ndght be re- 
quired m' adequately examine the 
problems faring the church. 

“The timitffd amount of time 
avaOable to discuss all the prob- 
lems in the eb cr c h doesn't enable 
us to deliberate m much depth,” he 
said. “T see no real problem having 
another synod in five y ears. ” 

Cardinal Mainla’s comments re- 
flected a general view among the 
church leaders that they have been 
overwhelmed by the sheer breadth 
of the problems they have had to 
discuss. 

At the same time, however, 
church liberals said they were 
heartened that the showdown be- - 
tween. progressives and conserva- 
tives that some expected bad not 
materialized. 

A liberal Vatican official said: 
“It hasn’t been blade-white even 
from those who wanted it that way, 
and the pessimists are really in a 
minority. Its worked out modi bet- 
ter than I ever hoped" 

Many liberal Catholics had 
feared that the synod would be- 
come a conservative campaign to 
roll bade some of die Second Vati- 
can Council’s principles, but Oat 
has not fallen place. 



Malta Seeks Pressure Builds on Mubarak to Use 
Accomplice Force Against Libya for Hijacking 
In Hijacking, 

Mot Asserts 


Jos£ Maria Rmz Mateos on Iris way Sunday to a Spanish 
where he ,w$H await trial on fraud charges. 


Rumasa Founder Is Sent 
To Spain for Fraud Tried 


Hew York Tones Service 

CAIRO — Maltese authorities 
are investigating the possibility 
that an accomplice to the hijackers 
was aboard the EgyptAir flight, ac- 
cording to the plane’s captain, 
Hani GalaL 

Mr. Galal said be told the au- 
thorities that a man who appeared 
to be Greek and m bis 50s seemed 
to move easily among At hijackers 
and brought what might have been 
a passpatf to their leader, in the 
cockpit. 

Mr. Galal said that Maltese au- 
thorities took him to St Lake’s 
Hospital in Valletta to identify the 
suspect among the wounded. He 
said the man was unable to speak 
and appeared dose to a nervous 
breakdown. 

Saturday night, in an interview 
on Egyptian television after being 
returned to Cairo, Mr. Galal sakk 
“There is a person we suspect and 
they are now trying to establish his 
nationality ana 
now in Malta." 


background. He is 


Return 

MADRID — lost Maria Ruiz 
Mateos, a fugitive Spanish .finan- 
cier, has been extradited from West 
Germany and is h«ng Held in a 
high-security jail near Madrid for 
trial over the near-collapse of Ru- 
masa, once Spain's largest private 
holding company. 

Mr. Ruiz Mateos left Spain 
shortly after the Socialist govern- 
ment nationalized 240 of his 400 
companies in February 1983. He 
was arrested Saturday in Frank- 
fort, where he had fought extradi- 
tion ance last year, ana flown to a 
military base near Madrid. He has 
been refused baiL . 

Mr. Ruiz Mateos, 54, was 
charged in 1983 with currency 


security fraud and emb ezzlement. 

But he can be tried only on the 
offenses accepted as grounds for 
his extradition, two counts of ac- 
counting fraud, involving false bal- 
ance-sheet data and exaggerating 
his banks' assets. They cany a max- 
imum six-year prison term. 

The trial is expected to rekindle 


political controversy over the take- 
over of Rumasa, which included 
holds, department stores, farms, 
vineyards, and banks. 

The government said h acted to 
avert & major collapse. Mr. Ruiz 
Mateos, hs founder, blamed a plot 
by badness rivals. The rightist op- 
position waged a one-year legal 
battle a gainst nationalization tut 
was finally settled by the Constitu- 
tional Court in the government's 
favor. 

The trial also could affect 
Spain's upper classes, die daily 
Ctiario 16 newspaper said in an 
editorial. It died possible “irregu- 
larities in the group's Hank* whose 
boards included notable figures of 
our country's social, political and 
business aides.’* 

Tbe government has said Ru- 
masa was technically bankrupt and 
its 60,000 jobs were in dan ger . 

All Rumasa companies were sold 
back to the private sector after the 
government spent S3 billion to 
straighten the" - finances. When the 
sdl-off began in 1984, officials put 
the group's accumulated losses at 
$2.6 billion. 


I Malta Denies Report 

Paul Mifsud, the Maltese gov- 
ernment spokesman, said he knew 
nothing about another surviving 
participant in tbe tujjadrixm, The 
Associated Press reported Sunday 
from Valletta. 

Hospital officials refused to 
comment on Mr. GalaTs report 
Egypt's ambassador to Malta, Ah- 
med Ah Axnr, also said he had no 
information about another suspect 

One surviving suspect Omar 
Marzouki, is being treated at St 
Luke's. 


Fire Damages Offices 
In U.S. of Arab Group 

Los Angela Times Service 

WASHINGTON — The offices 
of the American-Axab Anti- Dis- 
crimination Committee here were 
pitted by a fire that district offi- 
cials said appeared to be erf suspi- 
cious origin. A committee official 
said a threatening phone call had 
hem received by the executive di- 
rectin' before the fire. 


By Michael Ross 

Las Angeles Tima Sendee 

CAIRO— Despite a number of 
sobering constraints, pressure is 
building on President Hosni Mu- 
barak to take militaxy action 
against Libya, following the bloody 
topckjpg of an EgyptAir jetliner to 
Malta, diplomatic and Egyptian 
analysts say. 

These analysts believe that it is 
only a question of time before 
Egypt takes some kind of action 
against Libya's leader. Colonel 
Moamer Qadhafi, fora growing list 
of terrorist plots that Egyptian offi- 
cials have charged were either 
planned or carried out by Libya. 

However, the form any retalia- 
tion would take and its exact tim- 
ing remain matters of intense and 
differing speculation, reflecting tie 
fact that any major operation 
aga ins t Libya carries risks that 
could outweigh the rewards for 
Egypt. 

There is also some doubt about 
whether Mr. Mubarak’s domestic 
position is strong enough to em- 
bark on a course of action with 
unpredictable consequences. The 
president is widely regarded as 
lacking popularity, and many ana- 

North Yemen Jews 
Reported KiDed 
By Pales tinians 

A gence France- Press* 

TEL AVIV — Palestinian mili- 
tants Grom military camps near the 
Yemeni capital of San'a nave killed 
“numerous members of North 
Yemen’s small Jewish community. 
Iaadi radio and newspapers re- 
ported Sunday . 

News of the deaths came from 
recent tourists to North Yemen 
who informed Israeli Jews of Ye- 
meni origin, the drily newspaper 
Ma'arivsakL 

The Palestinians, who entered 
North Yemai in 1982 after being 
forced from Beirut, had launched a 
Bunpuig n of violence and lttilrngg 
against Jews in North Yemen, ra- 
dio reports said. 

Ma’ariv said that the North Ye- 
meni government had taken a se- 
ries of measures, indmting confin- 
ing Jews to their homes between 
midday sad daws. 


lysis believe that his standing, has 
•been weakened further by the out- 
come of the hijacking, in which 
60 persons died, all but three of 
them when Egyptian commandos 
stormed the plane. • 

The carnage deeply shocked 
Egyptians and. coming after the 
hunuhating hijacking of the Italian 
cruise ship AchiUe Lauro in Octo- 
ber, has led to talk about Mr. Mu- 
barak’s ability to handle a crisis. 
Western diplomats said. After 
>t let the hijackers of the 
Lauro go, VS. jet fighters 
forced the Egyptian plane carrying 
them to land in Sicily, where they 
were arrested. 

Mr. Mubarak has accused Libya 
of instigating the EgvplAir hijack- 


ing and vowed that terrorism that 
claimed Egyptian lives “will act go 

unpunished. Egypt's armed forces 
have bcm on a heightened state of 
alert along the western frontier 
with Libya since Nov. 24, the day 
of the commando raid. 

“We have no figures, but the in- 
formation we have indicates a high 
degree of preparedness and plan- 
ning,** a Western diplomat said. 
“They are examining the size of the 
forces they will need and putting 
them in place." 


Meet Egyptians seem prepared 
to accept at least a short and limit- 
ed war with Libya. While the evi- 
dence died that Libya was behind ' 
the hijacking seems thin and dr- . 
cumstantial Egyptians generally 
appear to accept the claim, if only 
because it is another example of 
what they have come to expect 
from Colond Qadhafi. 

“The Egyptian media has been 
preparing people psychologically 
tor titis for a long, time," noted an 
Egyptian political scientist- “For 
years, we’ve been saying that Qa- 
dhafi is guilty of this plot and that . 
plot against Egypt. Now. after the 
hijacking, there is a lot of anger- - 
From teachers to merchants to taxi 
drivers, everyone I talk to says Mu- 
barak should do what Sadat did.” 

The political scientist was refer- . 
ring to the border war that the late 
Anwar Sadat waged against Libya, 
in 1977. Then, Egyptian forces 
drove 20 miles (.32 kilometers) in- 
side Libya and briefly occupied the , 
Jaghbub oasis before withdrawing. 

Mr. Mubarak himself interjected 
a cautionary note last week. “We . 
do not call for war," he said. "We 
call for peace. War is not a simple 
thing. We cannot take that decision 
simply." 




^ Kohl Opposes 
Presenting Nobel 
^ To Soviet Doctor 


Reuters 

BONN — ■ Chanceflor Helmut 
Kohl of West Gezmany and other 
European Democratic 

Jeaderahaveasfccd Norway'sNobd 
Prize committee oot to present the 
198S Nobd Peace Prize to one of 
the winners. Dr. Yevgeni Chazov of 
the Soviet Union, Mr. Kohl's 
Christian Democrat Party said 
Sunday. 

It said Mr. Kohl and 10 other 
European Christbm Democrats 
had written' to the committee 
charging that Dr. Chazov, co-chair- 
man of International Physicians 
for tbe Prevention of Nuclear War, 
was involved in human rights 
abuses; incbidrag the slandering of 
the Soviet dissident Andrei D. Sa- 
kharov. 

Dr. Chazov was awarded die 
1985 Nobd Peace Prize in October 
along with the other co-chairman. 
Dr. Bernard Lown, of the United 
States. They are due to receive the 
award at a ceremony in Oslo on 
Dec. 10. 

Tbe Christian Democratic lead- 
ers of West Germany, Italy, 



Iran Is Called Key to French Hostages 




CommlVaK 

Dr. Yevgeni Chazov 

Greece, Spain, Austria, Switzer- 
land, and the Benelux countries 
said that in 1973 “Chazov and 24 
other members of the Soviet Acad- 
emy of Sciences rimed a letter in 
winch Nobd Peace laureate Andrei 
Sakharov was vDely slandered. This 
letter was undoubtedly the start erf 
a campaign against Sakharov 
which led to ms banishment to 
Gorki" 


Reuters , 

BEIRUT — A French mercy 
mission that left Lebanon on Fri- 
day carried home the message that 
France should improve its relations 
with Iran, if it wants Lebanese kid- 
nappers to free four French hos- 
tages, a Beirut newspaper said. 

The conservative- daily An-Na- 
har, in a dispatch from its Paris 
correspondent, died "an informed 
stance dose to the oontacts be- 
tween Beirut and Paris." . 

The newspaper said Saturday 
that France appeared ready to 
open “direct contact" with Iran. 
Relations between fern have been 
strained since Iran’s revolution in 
1979. 

An-Nahar said that Iran's hopes 
for supplies of French weapons for 
its war with Iraq, and for compen- 
sation for an unbuilt nuclear reac- 


tor, would be the m«m topics in 
any talks on improving rdatiom. 

An-Nahar rind dial there were 
several possible ways to resolve the 
hostage problem, but that “the ba- 
ric key” was in Tehran. 

“The basic demand brought 
back* from* Lebanon by Razah 
Raafl/a French doctor; '"was ioh 
proving France's relations with 
Iran, in sevsal fields," the paper 
said. Dr. Raad and a French diplo- 
mat, Pierre Bloum, spent 11 days in 
Lebanon seeking ways to free four 
French hostages. 

The kidnapping victims, be* 
lieved to beheld by Islamic Jihad, a 
shadowy organization of pro-Lram- 
nn Moslems, are Marcel Carton 
and Marcel Fontaine, both diplo- 
mats, Jean-Paul Kanffmann, a 
journalist, and a researcher, Mrchd 
Seurat. 


An-Nahar said: “Joint talks on 
outstanding problems might be 
achieved by dispatching a delega- 
tion of French, experts to Tehran.” 


The Associated Press 

TRIPOLI, Libya — General 
Wojciech Jaruzelski, the Polish 
leader, arrived Saturday in Tripoli 
for a two day-visit and was wel- 
comed by the Libyan leader. Colo- 
nel Moamer Qadhafi, tire o fficial 
JANA news agency reported. 


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Iitde Change Expected at EC 


(Contioaed from Page I) 

Iky coordination, officials said that 
there were signs of progress in oth- 
er areas. Thc hard-line positions of 
~ some states, they said, appeared to 
be soften mg, inducting Italy's inris- 
lence on greater powers for the Eo- 
ropean Parliament. 

In addition, Mr. Dekxs dumnat- 
... ed some of the proposals be had 
made on aligning the monetary 
' potides of members. IBs sogges- 
" turns were strongly opposed by 
Britain and West Germany. 

The apparent inability of the 
Danish government to approve any 
< treaty changes or the creation of 


additional treaties remained a sub- 
stantial obstacle to on ammo us 
agreement. 

A Danish spokesman said that 
because his government does not 
have the backing of a parliamenta- 
ry majority on foreign policy. 
Prime Minister Poul Schluter 
would have to delay agreement on 
any reforms until he could consult 

the parti unwn t. 

As the foreign ministers gathered 
Saturday, a bomb damaged an elec- 
tricity pylon in a suburb of the 
capital, naming a temporary loss of 
power in most of the city. No group 
took responsibility for the blast 




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TRAVELLERS REASSURED ‘WATER 

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water has never figured prominently. 

Most prefer Tonic in Bombay, Mar- 
tini in Bombay or Orange in Bombay. 

Indeed, anything that one would 
usually mix in Bombay. 

But, let me assure you, there 
is no need to stay dear 
of the water. 

Those rumours 
which infer that 
water does not mix 
with this most 
distinctive of Im- 
ported London Dry- 
Gins are well and 
truly ill-founded.'' 




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Beyond the debt crisis- 

Latin 

America 

the next ten years. 


(hut Man’s Crusade for Practkal EC Unity 



Sponsored by the International Herald Tribune 
and the Inter-American Development Bank. 
London, January 27-28, 1986. 

This major international conference brings together a 
distinguished group of financial, government and corporate leaders 
from Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe and the United States to 
examine the outlook for Latin America over the next ten years. 

The speakers will discuss new proposals to revive growth in 
Latin America, to ease the debt burden and to promote new 
investment and development 

As places at the conference are strictly limited, we recommend 
all senior executives from the banking and business community vfchp ' 
are interested in attending to complete and mail the registration form 
today. 


JANUARY 27, 1986 


Chairman: Lee W. Huebner, 
Publisher, International Herald Tribune. 
KEYNOTE ADDRESS 
Antonio Ortiz Mena, 

President, Inter-American 
Development Bank, Washington D.C 
SNAPSHOT OF THE DEBT CRISIS, 
RESCHEDULING MOVES, 
ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMS 
Eduardo Wiesner Duran, 

Western Hemisphere Director, 
International Monetary Fund, 
Washington D.C 
LATIN AMERICAN INITIATIVES 
TO TACKLE THE DEBT PROBLEM 
Jesus Silva Herzog, 

Finance Minister, Mexico. 

*Femao Bracher, 

Governor, Central Bank, BraziL 
HOW THE INTERNATIONAL 
FINANCIAL SYSTEM SHOULD ADAPT 
Michel Camdessus, 

Governor, Banque de France. 

Robin Leigh-Pemberton, 

Governor, Bank of England 
HCW MULTINATIONALS 
HAVE MADE A SUCCESS 
OF OPERATING IN THE REGION 
CJ. van der Klugt, ViceOiairTnaa 
Philips Industries, Bndhoven. 

REGBTRATION INFORMATION: 

The fee for the conference is $595 
or the equivalent in a convertible 
currency for each pcrtidpant. 

All U.K. based participants ere 
subject to VAT 15%. Fees are pay- 
able in advance and will be relumed 
in foil for any cancellation poslmated 
on or before January 13. 

Please return registration form to: 
International Herald Tribune, 
Conference Office, 181 Avenue 
Charles-de-Gaufe, 92521 Neutlly 
Cedex, France. Or telephone: 

(33 1)47 47 16 86 or telex: 613 595. 


i 

INIBMM59CAN DBAOPMBsn' BANK I 

UrolbSSribuitc I 


Peter Wallenberg, 

Fast Vice Chairman, Saxxinaviska 
EnskSda Bardeen, Stockholm 
REVIVING INDUSTRIES 
IN LATIN AMERICA 
The Honorable Edward Seaga, 
MP„ Prime Minister, Jamaica 
Francisco Swett, 
fincras Mirier, Ixuador. 

Amafdo Musich, Director, 
Organizadan Tedint, Buenos Aires. 


JANUARY 28, 1986 

Chairman: Anthony Samps o n, 
international writer. 

Editor of The Sampson Letter. 

NEW EFFORTS TO STIMULATE 
TRADE WITH THE AREA 
Claude Cheysson, 

European Commissioner, Brussels. 
Felipe Jaramilio, 

Charman of the Conceding Parties 
to the GATT, Geneva 
THE NEE) FOR A LONG-TH2M 
SOLUTION TO THE DffiT PROBLEM 
AND FOR NEW CREDITS 
Enrique Iglesias, 

Foreign Minister, Uruguay. 

Manuel Uiloa Elias, 

former Prime Minister, Peru. 


THE COMMKOAL BANKS' VEW 
OF LATIN AMB8CA 
David Rockefeller, Chcerncn, 
htemalionci Advisory Gomrrktee, 

The Chcse Manhattan Bank; 

New York. 

William. Rhodes, 

Gorman, Restructuring Committee, 
Gfixnk, New York 
Werner Blessing, 

Member of the Board of Mcnqgjng 
Directors, Deutsche Bank, Frankfort. 
PBOTOIVES ON ECONOMIC AND 
SOCIAL DEVELORMBvir .... 
a) Central America: 

Carlos Manuel Castillo, 
former Viae Resident, Casta Rica 
bJAndecn Region: 

Manuel Azpurua Arreaza, 

Finance Mri^ter, Venezuela 
THE FUTURE REVIVING 
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMBMT, 

THE COMMON R^TKEST 
Lord Harold Lever, 
former Chcnoelor, Duchy ctf Lcncaster. 
* Rodrigo Bolero Montoya, 

Member of Brandt Comrrisaon, Cdombia 
ROUND TABLE DISCUSSION 
OF A CURRENT ISSUE 
Partidpalion from several key speakers. 

*noty»tcordbmed 


r 

i 
i 
i 
i 
i 


CONFERENCE LOCATION 


The Pert Lane Hotel, PiccacflJy, London W1 Y 88X. Tdephonei f44 1) 499 6321. Tele® 21531 
A Wert of rooms has been reserved for conference participants. Please contact hotel ffiredty. 

CONFERENCE RECaSTU\TKKVF(MffiVL 

Please enroll the foflowmg pjtidponrfar Ihe confe re nce January 27-28. 

| [ chedtenckaed | j Platte tuck*. 


SUBNAME. 


FSSTNAME. 


P 03 H 0 N. 



COMPANY. 

«»BS_ 


*h Ecchett 

International Herald Tribunt 

BRUSSELS — Lard Cockfidd, 
the European commissioner, in 
ige of demoEsbing trade barri- 
I ers inside the Common Market, is 
an impatient man. Wryly, be notes 
that agreement was .readied this 
year mi allowing pharmacists to 
[work freely throughout Europe 
[“after only Id years, whom the 
previous group, architects, took 18 
| years — so were making progress.” 

Although his face was its usual 
I deadpan, Ms tone showed his scorn 
| for such alow movement. . 

Bui lord Cockfidd is above ali a 
mao, one who rose to 


BatrinV largest drugstore 
chain. Boots the Chemist, was 
awarded a Hfe peerage in 1978, and 
held two cabinet posts before join- 
ing the European Commission, the 
permanent secretariat of the Com- 
mon Market, as vice president in 
1983- 

_ As a pragmatist, he realizes that 
his crusade h a * made him enemies 
among his former fellow cabinet 
ministers, who fed be is pushing 
European commercial unity too far 
too fast Opposition, however, is no 
stranger to the 70-year-old Lord 
Cockfidd (pronounced Cofield), a 
self-made mart who has surprised 
his colleagues in Brussels with his 
political toughness. 

He preaches that European busi- 
ness- can survive only m a Eur- 
opewide market, of free competi- 
nan.“We amply can't go on like 
this,” he said in a recent interview. 
“We are losing ground in output, 
technology and employment. We 
are lQsepame economies .” 

.Trying to jolt bureaucrats into 
visualizing a leap forward. Lord 
Cockfidd often recounts an aneo- 
dote about Friedrich von Hayek, 
the Vienna-born economist who 
won a Nobel Prize in Economics in 



Lord Cockfidd 


1974 for his crusade- in favor of 
unfettered free markets. . . 

Lord Cockfidd. wbo studied un- 
der him at the London School of 
Economics, recalls Professor von' 
Hayefc’s “astonishment” m 1944 at 
seeing his best-selling book “The 
Road to Serfdom” bang in much 
more money than he had ever 
earned as a professor. “There it 
was, you see, the difference be- 
tween an theory about 

the advantages of a big market and 
the actual results, the money in his 
pocket” 

In trying to merge the 10 mem- 
bers of the European Community 
into a single big market. Lord 
Cockfidd counts as a major accom- 
plishment his work in amplif ying 
standards for new products so that 
they can be sold freely throughout 
the Common Market 
' Until last May, the Common 
Market set norms by getting all 
member governments to agree on a 
detailed, ideal set of specifications 


for every new product to be soW 
througho ut Europe. For a cars 
rearview mirror, for example, the 
standard could run vo more than 
TOO pages of technical data and 
sketches. 

“By the time we got the norm, 
(he product migh t not even cost 
airy more — a rearview mirror 
might be made obsolete by cheap 
backward-looking television sys- 
tems*” esp lsmgri a Cockfield aide. 
But without a standard, companies 
risked bring unable to export their 
products and therefore hesitated to 
invest in Europewide production 
facilities.. - 

Lord Cockfidd stood the tradi- 
ri o nal European method on its 
head by introducing what he calls 
“a framework approach.” 

Instead of trying to describe 
what an article must look like to 

meel.the European norm, the Com- 
mon Market now sets out a simple 
list of “essential requirements,” 
mainly safety standards. And the 
new approach applies to categories 

of products, not individual items. 

The Gist beneficiary is “pressure 
- vessels,” a category running from 
home pressure-cookers to giant in- 
dustrial boilers. The old standard 
was vohnnmaus; the new standard 
is under 10 pages. The whole pro- 
cess has twfefrn only a few months 
since the framework approach was 
adopted last May by the member 
governments. 

To perfectionists who worry that 
the quality erf European goods may 
be threatened, Lora Cockfidd em- 
phasizes bis wmm ntm: perfor- 
mance. “Remember what we’re 
looking for, freedom of movement, 
that’s the goal,” he says repeatedly. 

Businessmen appreciate his ap- 
proach, pointing out that overly 
stringent standar ds penalized Eu- 
rope’s most responsible manufac- 
turers: Fly-by-night companies, 
mainly non-European, could flout 


standards with pirate goods long 
to make a quick profit, then. 


simply disappear. 

PntftngiBCTn for some of his other 
proposed reforms is not so wann^ 
For example, on the free movcmoif '■ 
for professionals, an aide says that 
“only the medical profession has 
been cooperative about letting 
practitioners move freely. In other 
specialties the vested interests, the. 
corpora tisi reflex, is still strong." 

The most widespread opposition 
to Lord Cockfi eld’s plan comes 
from Britain. 

Only 27 percent of the Bnush 
people support his plan to abolish 
frontier formalities, the lowest level 
in any Common Market country, 
according to the latest issue of 
Euro- Bar ometre. an EC Commis- 
sion poll of European public opin- 
ion. 

Lord Cockfield think s his British 
critics are 'blind to the country’s 
long-term interests. “There is a 
statue in Cape Town of Britain’s 
empire-builder Cecil Rhodes, 
pointing to the African hinterland, 
and under his feet are the wordsri 
There is your future,”’ he says.' 
“Britain should have a similar slat-; 
ue of Margaret Thatcher pointing 
to Europe. 

He is also critical of what he calls 
the “pick and choose” attitudes of 
many governments. Britain con- 
centrates on free competition in 
services, where British honkers and 
insurers, accountants and consul- 
tants are strong. West Germany, 
with its industrial power, stresses 
unhindered circulation of manu- 
factured goods and has reserva- 
tions about competition in services! 

“All these partial altitudes com- 
bine to threaten the whole pack- 
age," Lord Cockfidd warns. “The: : 
Commission believes that the Com- 
munity today should be capable of- 
showing the same political will, 
which inspired it" 






£ 


Chaos in Standards Stymies EC Progress 


(Continued from Page 1) 
market life. Today, the research 
and development would cost S500 
million to SI billion becanseof the 
microchips and software involved, 
and the market life would be 
halved. 

- To recoup that investment, a 
company needs sales of $10 Whan 
to SIS When in 10 years. All 28 
countries of Western Enrope 
bought $69.3 billion worth of 
phone exchange equipment last 
year, but there are 10 major Euro- 
pean companies developing ad- 
vanced digital-switching equip- 
ment and competing to sdl »L 
Controlling a tenth of the market 
far each of these companies would 
not come dose to being profitable. 

“Each company hopes the others 
will go bust mat,” an industry ana- 
lyst said. “Meanwhile theyre -aB 
losing money.” 

Industrialists agree with, this 
analysis. “A leading-edge manufac- 
turer fas' to l&ve a EuropcGvide 
I market to repay his investment fast 
and provide a springboard to world 
markets before Japanese or US. 
competition swamps the smaller 
European firm,” said Robb Wit- 
root, head of ICL, Britain’s biggest 
computer-maker. 

Dr. Dekker added: “In the pari. 
Philips’s and other European elec- 
tronics companies’ competitors 
l were each other. Now we are beteg 
j. met in our European markets by 
: large and small U.S. and Pacific 
firms, and we suffer from a f adore 
to grasp global markets.” 

Lobbying by European big busi- 
ness has emboldened the EC Com- 
mission to attack inter-European 
banters. A program drafted by 
Lord Cockfield, the European 
I commissioner responsible for the 
| internal market, fiats 300 reforms 
to achieve ah integrated European 
economy by 1992. With 10 mem- 
bers, the Common Market would 
emeige as the world's biggest afflu- 
ent market, with 320 nriHion inhab- 
itants, significantly larger tfmn the 
United States, with 250 million 



Truck drivers can be required to carry up to 27 documents to go 
from one European Community country to another. The paperwork ^ | 
and delays cost about 350 billion a year. f 


t EC plan, announced last 

May, is scheduled for adoption by 
Common Market governments ala 
summit meeting next June. It will 
be at the center of discttsskns 
Monday in Luxembourg at an EC 
summit session described as a cru- 
cial meeting to regain the momen- 
tum of the early years of the Com- 
mon Market. - 

Already a handful of Lord Codt- 
field’s reforms have been adopted. 
But governments appear increas- 
ingly hesitant about sweeping away 
the frontier formalities, tax barri- 
ers, nationalistic government pur- 
chasing policies and other forms of 
disgui^ protectionism that have 
tailored European markets to do- 
mestic industries. ; 

!- The conflicting norms for tdevi- 
aon sets area prime example of the 
disguised protectionism and com- 
mercial divisions that cost consum- 
ers money every day. 

National standards originally 
were intended to protect consum- 
ers, but throughout Western Eu- 
rope today they often function to 
handicap foreign competitors, said, 
an ride to Lord Cockfidd. 

Some norms seem almost whim- 
sicaL Only Britain, for exa 


OTY/OOJNiW. 
THfFHONE 


.TBS. 


2-12-85 


s television sets to be 

with netting so that a metal medal- 
lion cannot swing through a venti- 
lation hole and electrocute the 
wearer. France requires yellow 
headlights on cars while other EC 
countries require dear hradtighn 
Many otter norms are blatantly 
commercial: Italy is notorious for 
frequently changing its -technical 
rules to give national manufactur- 
ers an edge. West Germany still 

r lies medieval laws specifying 
content of beer — a tentage 
that conveniently saves to prevent 
foreign brewers from exporting to 
West Germany, Europe’s largest 
market for beer. 


Incompatible technologies are 
another costly problem. Europe is 
divided between, two baste - televi- 
sion broadcasting . systems, 
France’s SECAM and West Ger- 
many 1 * PAL For Thomson, *Tlie 
incompatibility between PAL and 
SECAM systems means fat every 
modd, from the cheapest to the 
most sophisticated, has to be built 
in two versions instead of one/* Mr. 
Huck explained. 

Some of the extra cost oan be 
passed along to the consumer as 
hig her prices but companies absorb 
costs too. As Mr. Huck pointed 
out, “Our engineers, instead of 
woriripg out different models for 
each small national market could 
spend that time trying to invent 
products.” 

Problems aie not limited to tech- 
nical or mechanical emulations. 
Brarier formalities require a trade 
driver to cany 27 documents to 
pass from one Common Market 
member, West Germany, to anoth- 
er, Italy. Different rates fra nation- 
al sales taxes add to tfe: burearcrat- 
ic load. The extra cost o£ goods 
having to pass borders — the pa- 
perwork and delays — in the Cran- 
mon M ark et amounts to $50 billion 
a year, according to an estimate 
published by the European Parlia- 
ment. 

This represents 2 percent of the . 
c ombine d gross national products 
of the member nations: Belgium, ' 
Britain. Denmark, France, Greece, 
Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg the 
Netherlands and . West Ge rmany , 
with Spain and Portugal due tojom 

on Jan. L In other wwtis, the aver-, 
age Common Market citizen works 
a week a year just to meet these 
extra costs. , ■ ">:• 

Besides catting rate .purchasing 
power, the diffusion of Bus market 
is_ cited as a. m^or factor in the 
widening gap by whidr Western 
Europe trails ihe United States and 
Japaomhigfcrtwlmoloef trade. “If 
lag there be, it fc notbecause of 
SOttitificsbratcomingsbatbecanse 
of the fragmentation of, Europe's 
research - and development -re- 
sources and of its market,” sajd fir •• 
Ronald Mason, framer AcaentiGe 
■adviser to Britain's Defense Minis-" 

try- ', v • • •• • ' v: 

Europe’s ambitious attempt to 
revive its<ompuier,lasa-aDdother 
high-tai industries, the plaii called 
Eureka, requires multm&tion coop- 
eration to- help OVetCOme national 
industrial rivriries.. . 

“The Cranmoa Market -has in ' 
effect functkmedsinmjy as.-a cus- 
: toms union,’* said JWBdwl Pbtitej an 
aMe to Loiri Gockfirid. “Most, of 
the work remauS to he done -on 
commercial unification." The. 
Codcfiridreforea plan -proposes ai> - 
tion — with target dfites— in three' 
main areas. 

- The first te to-prevent delays at 

horier oMMnpj miitaHy by mov-v 


mg customs posts away from fron- 
tiers to cen tr alized offices where 
reduced customs formalities could 
be completed. The EC C ommission 
advocates' the elimination of fron- 
tiers in 1992. 

“No otter tingle measure could 
have more iTTimeriinte commercial 
and [political impact in strengthen- 
ing Europeans' advantages in living 
in a cranmon market,*’ Lord Cock- 
fidd contended. 

A second category of changes 
a im s to eliminate “technical barri- 
os,” or obstacles to free competi- 
. tion in the Common Market No- 
where is fa lack of European 
commercial unity more evident and 
more damag i ng than in the mem- 
ber governments' pur chasin g prac- 
tices. 

Every year the 10 governments 
purchase major equipment worth 
about $400 hHHon. If these sales 
were open to competitive bids from 
any European company, they 
wraild create a single market and a 
powerful induririal incentive worth 
roughly IS percent of the Common 
Market’s total gross national prod- 
uct 

i Now, however, each member 
government .spends 96 percent to 
TOO percent of its purchase funds 
on its domestic companies. Gov- 
ernments generally refuse to buy 
capital goods, especially such ex- 
. pensive items astdephone-network 
equipment or weapons, from a 
company in another EC country 
even if us products are better and 


To improve competition on gov- 
ernment purchases, the Commis- 
sion proposes that member govern- 
ments start by taking a second, 
fellow European snppliCT on major 
contracts — 20 percent of telecom- 
munications purchases, for cram, 
pie. Governments would then grad- 
ually move to open procurement as 
European industry started to reor- 
ganize — by mergers and special- 
ization — on a Europewide scale. 

■ .Unified standards would faefli- 
.tate this process, as they would the 
freemovementof professional peo- 
plc— from auctioneers to consul- 
tants, from bankers to insurance 
brokers — ■ bera^ .counirieg. So 
; tteEC Commission is ur g in g mem- 
-ber counaies to agree on stream- 
Bned standards arid automatic free 
trade unless a gpveraitentcanval- 
idly bisect to anodier member gov- 
ermnaorfs standards on a profad 
orra»ft*rinri- - 

*Yoa cmaM abolish standards, 
because without them companies 
and .consumers have noranmdence 
thataproduct has the form which it 
iwiU ktep fra the fumre^” said aa 

officjri of the Geneva-based Intet- 
naticmal Standards OrgamzatkaL 
Thit agency comprises 89 natkmal 
^Mgaiuzations, with -more tiiap 
20,000 experts taking part in its 
: teefameri meetings~<^i-year. 

■ But,added an EC^mdal: “We 


have to realize that we canno t keep 
up with the flow of inventions by 
trying to agree on detailed defini- 
tion. We ha ve to go the other way, 
toward minimalist standards.” 

Another technical barrier has 
stood in the way of mergers. To 
promote them, the Commission is 
proposing a new legal basis fora, 
business, which it otflu a European 
Economic Interest Grouping. 

There is no statute now fora 
“European" company. A company 
designed to operate in Italy and 
West Germany, for estanteiej would 
■have to function under ^ Jtahan or - 
West German law. Bared ' on 3 - 
French loophole used fra the tud^ 
filiation consortium btrikhng tfie 
Airbus plane, this proposed Eure* 
pean statute is designed to encoor* 
age medrum-rized firms infiHcarem 
Common Market countries to food 
jrant ventures wiihont fading nndea 
the legal systein of any oms country. 

“The idea is that they ean-tbro. 
become big enough to export inside 
Europe and eventually beyond ter 
borders,” Lord Cockfield ex- 
plained. " 

The third broad category of rk : 
forms, which is arousing'thc stiff&t. 
i nitial re sistance, concemS what the 
Commission calls the “hrimrauzUr 
tion” of . indirect tax rates amoug . 
Common Market countries. — - L -~ • 

All Common Market 'govah- 
meits levy indirect taxes on almew t 

vary widdy. Value-added taxes, or 
VAT, usually range from l4 pefr> v 
“otto 19 percent although the red ' • 
differences can range from no VAT : ;• 
on a particular item in one country .7 
to 19 percent on the ram* itiem&i" 
another. And excise taxes. are even- - 
™e (&«gent: The doty cm spint$ ; . ' 
is oO times higher in De nmar k fafr 
m Greece. 

Although these varying fex cates >r 
distort oommercial life, ^Hnamr - - 
totoiriries are rdnaant to rivc urn -.-7 
ihevalue-added taxes akror in the - 

“onrany and in government reve- -7 
Wte, said B British diplomat h • — 
Brussris. “F« public, opfruou, the- ■ - 
Treasury in. my country wiS 


have no VAT on, say food and on - 
onhopcdic devices," 

In the face of thisiiitnuisigieoce, 
what are the chances dial a truly 
°|®«aon market will become a re- 
ahty by the European Commis- 
date of 19927 

Progress will be slower than its 
advocates want, but faster than 
foyone would have thought possi- 
ble twoyeaxs ago," said a Gamma- 

But optimists say that, as the 
“toai reforms prodnee results, the , 
Pros will gam' momentum, en-iJ^ 

^ 10 .mprite flap*, v- 

*£7iiJ£g. 7“^^ 





’ T - % ' I* , , .Vi i <■• 

r-.v >. -v ■ 


• " '.:^" v artii>WA?yOWAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 


Page 7 




















W* 




V-,. 


■« V **.% 

r ; ♦> 

Jr - . 


David Seymour, Arturo Toscanini, 1954 


i Uli 


erner Biscfaof, In the wins of Warsaw, 1947 



:- V i 







Henri Cartier-Bresson, The Ascot Train, Wa terloo Stati o n, London 1953 


- 


\> >v ( ^ 




P'.-^ • 



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4\ 


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V^* . * 


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v->-’ K v 


♦.i 


Biscbof, Rene Bum, Robert Capa, Henri Camer-Bressoo, HBot Erwin, Ernst Hass, Erich 

From the archives of Magnum Photos, a photographic raord of Europebi 
the immediate postwar years — striking images of a continent shaking on 

the debris of destruction and coming to life- . . , . 

Mary Blume, the International Herald Tribune s distinguished feature 

journalist, sets the postwar scene and interviews many of the photographers 
J in her mttoduction/nie IET. is pleased to present tins unique volume that 
captures a decisive epoch and commemorates the work of some of the 
* 20th century’s master photojoumalists. 

K Here you'll find some of the most famous images and faces of our 

time. Once you open its pages, you will want to spend hours poring over this 
magnificently produced collection. Truly this is a book to treasure for 
yourself, and a beautiful aft as well - 

Available from the International Herald Tribune. Order today. 





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AFTER THE WAR WAS OVER 

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Paged 


MONDAY, DECEMBER a, 1985 


Her 



PobUsbed Whh The New York Times and Tbe WnMngW PM 


erlbune, Pakistan’s 'Islamic Bomb’ Is Almost Here 


Spies and secret agents are “covert" Presi- 
dents are not That basal distinction is neces- 
sary now that President Reagan openly pro- 
poses yet another “secret” bnt undeniable 
American intervention, this time in Africa. 

When asked the other day why Secretary of 
State George Shultz opposed aiding rebels in 
Angola, Mr. Reagan replied. Tm glad yon 
asked me that. He isn't ... We all believe that 
a covert operation would be more useful to ns 
and have more chance of success light now 
than the overt proposal that has been marie in 
the Congress.” What Mr. Reagan ny*nt was 
that the administration opposed open inter- 
venlkffl against the Marrist regime as connter- 
productive to its diplomacy, it seems to have 
concluded — and wisely so — that this would 
only cast the United States as the ally of South 
Africa's effort to exploit the Angola war to 
perpetuate its illegal occupation of Namibia. 
Mr. Reagan also implies a recognition that no 
amount of U-S. aid to the Angolan rebels 
could outweigh the aid the Soviet Union and 
Cuba can give for the defense of the regime. 

But the president seems to want things both 
ways. Now that Congress has repealed the 
decade-old Clark amendment barring covert 
operations in Angola, he thinks he can negoti- 
ate with Angola’s government on one level 
while furtively aiding Jonas Savimbi’s UNITA 
insurgents on another. Calling such aid “co- 
vert” may temporarily avert a full-scale con- 
gressional debate. But what can be covert — 
“concealed, secret, disguised" — about a pol- 
icy proclaimed by the commander in chief? 


Hope lor Unionists, Too 


The British and Irish parliaments have now 
ratified their governments’ pact on Ulster. The 
agreement, signed on Nov. 15 by Prime Minis- 
ters Margaret Thatcher and Garret FitzGer- 
ald, sets up an intergovernmental commission 
to work toward resolution of political, legal 
and security problems in Northern Ireland. 
The commissiaa has no governing power, and 
the province will remain a part of Britain, but 
the new body will serve as a forum for discuss- 
ing and, it is hoped, easing the conflicts that 
have led to so much bloodshed in recent years. 

In Dublin almost a third of the Dail voted 
against approval, with Mr. FitzGerald’s oppo- 
nents arguing *ba» (he pact did not go far 
enoug h in advancing Irish unity. But in Lon- 
don the agreement was approval on a 10-to-l 
vote, with only a handful of Conservatives 
joining the unionist members from Northern 
Ireland in opposition. The uni emits, led by the 
Reverend Ian Paisley, have now resigned from 
Parliament in order to force a series of by- 
elections early next year. They mean those 


elections to serve as a kind of referendum on 
the treaty, giving their constituents an oppor- 
tunity to demonstrate the “universal, cold 
fury” with which they view the agreement. 

This political step by the unionists was to be 
expected. So was the large street demonstra- 
tion in Belfast on Nov. 23. In a situation so 
emotionally charged, these peaceful responses 
deserve respect. Mr. Paisley, who a few weeks 
ago was speaking of weapons, arsenals and 
fights to the death, assured his paxtiamentaxy 
colleagues that “There is gong to be no rioting 
in the streets ... no civil commotion. We are 
going to use democratic practices." 

Sorely the people of Ulster, both Protestant 
and Catholic, must be fed op with violence. 
The negotiators who devised the intergovern- 
mental forum offer an alternative. It is not a 
solution, bat it is a first step. If the members of 
the commission can proceed in an atmosphere 
free of violence, although not of oppootion, 
then there may be hope for peace in Ulster. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


A South African Scandal 


People arrested for political reasons are 
often more likely to be mistreated by their 
jailers than are ordinary criminals. While po- 
lice in many countries may hassle, threaten or 
strike a prisoner to obtain a confession to, say, 
murder or robbery, a political prisoner fre- 
quently provokes a stronger reaction. Perhaps 
it is because be represents a threat to the 
establishment that the police uphold, or be- 
cause he comes from a despised dass or advo- 
cates controversial ideas. Such a prisoner is 
often the target of humiliating abuse, emotion- 
aily charged assault and even torture. 

South Africa now verges on revolution, and 
violence is an everyday occurrence. Since Jan- 
uary more than 7,500 persons have been ar- 
rested, most of them under the provisions of 
new emergency security regulations. In addi- 
tion, the police have been given blanket immu- 
nity in this crisis, saving them from prosecu- 
tion or civil suit on account rtf any act 
committed while carrying out their duties. It is 
in this framework that charges of abuse of 
prisoners have begun to mount The latest 
report appears in a memorandum published 


by the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights 
Under Law. an American organization work- 
ing to provide legal assistance U> the detainees. 

The lawyers' report charges dial police bru- 
tality is occurring on a “massive scale," with 
prisoners being hooded and beaten, given eleo- 
tric shocks and subjected to death threats. 
Specific examples of more ingenious tortures 
are described in affidavits, and the first-person 
accounts of a blade minister, pharmacist, labor 
organizer and others are reproduced. 

This police misconduct is not openly tolerat- 
ed by all white South Africans. One young 
physician. Dr. Wendy Orr, who works in the 
prisons of the Port Elizabeth district, filed 
suit with 43 churchmai and relatives of detain- 
ees and won a temporary restraining order 
against the police. The judge also ruled that 
police immunity did not extend to wanton 
assaults on those in custody. According to the 
lawyers’ committee, however, routine abuse of 
prisoners continues outside the Port Elizabeth 
area. By these practices. South Africa deepens 
its isolation and its shame. 


— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Opinion 


A Brntal Message From Libya? 


It was the most brutal hijack on record. The 
EgyptAir hijackers shot five passengers with- 
out making any political demands. 

Arab sources dose to fringe groups in the 
Palestinian resistance movement believe that 
the operation was intended [in particular] as 
an answer to those Israeli and American offi- 
cials who believe that the Palestinians can be 
defeated by hitting them hard. The message to 
Israel and the United States was: “You have 


not won and cannot win the battle against 
terrorism. We are still here.” Arab sources say 
that to keep the initiative in the international 
war of terror and countertenor is a major 
priority of the extremist Palestinian factions. 

The ruthless style of the attack has led many 
observers to betieve that Abu Nidal was be- 
hind it. He is known to have had good rela- 
tions with Libya. [Egypt] has blamed Abu 
Nidal and Libya for the hijacking, but the 
evidence remains circumstantial. 

— Patrick Seale in The Observer (London). 


FROM OUR DEC 2 PAGES, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1910: $5 Fbres for ^moke Nuisance’ 
NEW YORK — Popular demand, voiced in 
the Herald, that the Police intervene in the 
fight against smoking automobiles m New 
York was answered recently when orders were 
issued to abate the nuisance. Forty-two of- 
fenders were arrested or summoned to [various 
city courts]. In fining 14 delinquents 55 each, 
one magistrate said, “You policemen are be- 
ginning to do good work, but it took the press 
to stir you. The smoke nuisance must cease." 
He added that if tire fine did not prove ade- 
quate he would increase it to $10. If this did 
not have the proper effect he would send the 
drivers to prison. It having been intimated by 
some that the injury to health by the smoke 
from automobiles had been exaggerated, opin- 
ions of physicians were obtained. These agree 
that the effects of the smoke are painfnL 


1955: A Palestine f or Arabs and Jews 
PARIS — All is not well between the Jews and 
the Arabs in Palestine: It is no reflection on the 
able administration of Sr Arthur Waochope, 
according to Beatrice Steoart Eiridne [in her 
book “Palestine and the Arabs”], but the ten- 
sion exists: in fact, it has never ceased to exist 
from the day when the Arabs, liberated from 
the Turks, saw a new aggressor in Zionism. 
While Jews, whether Zionists or not, will want 
to read this bode, possibly to disagree with 
parts of it, others will find it illuminating as 
regards the evolution of “the cradle of Chris- 
tianity" since thd war. The hi g h point fc a plan , 
not original with the author, to make Palestine 
safe for Arab and Jew. Tins plans suggests two 
separate cantons, one for Arabs and the other 
for Jews, which would become states with 
membership in the League of Nations. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE 

JOHN HAY WHITNEY, Chairman 1958-1982 


KATHARINE GRAHAM, WILLIAM & PALEY, ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 

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© 1985. International Haiti Tribme. AB rights reserved. 


C AMBRIDGE Massachusetts — We focus 
on the two great powers, each with 15.000 


V' on the two great powers, each with 25,000 
nudeai warheads,. We oradook Pakistan, nuclear 
leads- of the Islamic world. Pakistan moves 
steadily toward the bomb —modem scientists m 


By Harold Freeman 


The advantage in moving covertly is that a 
government can sometimes pretend it « not 
doing what it is doing. The technique is much 
favored by the Soviet Union, which aids revo- 
lutionaries while maintaining formally correct 
relations with the governments it seeks to 
overthrow. Una is a technique that is much 
envied by some Americans and has been emu- 
lated with often disastrous results. 

As France has rediscovered in New Zea- 
land, open societies cannot long sustain a 
controversial or sizable covert operation. That 
America aids the rebels in Afghanistan has 
become common knowledge; calling the aid 
“covert" can no longer help Pakistan’s denial 
of complicity in the arms flow. And not even 
an ally’s sensitivity can be claused for the 
CIA’s widely discussed “covert" aid to the 
“contra" army attacking Nicaragua. In tire 
case of Angola, the untenable now becomes 
ludicrous. Having advertised bis intention!. 
Mr. Reagan could never deny involvement. 

The laudable objective of getting 30,000 
Cuban troops out of Angola r e quir es making 
the L uanda regime mote secure, not less so. 
Occupying Namibia and attacking Angola to 
“save” both from Marxism is South Africa’s 
way of using a Red scare to make America its 
ally in the defense of apartheid. A president 
should be able to see through that overt ploy. 
And though he may envy the Kremlin’s most 
deceitful successes, he should be able to calcu- 
late the cost of imitating therp — at tire ex- 
pense of Amoica’s freedoms and reputation. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


char ge, modem equipment in place. 
Where there is an instrument of l 


Where there is an instrument of tenor there 
will be terrorists. The latter arc already common- 
place in South Aaa, and the Pakistan bomb will 
trickle down to them; bribery, theft, extortion, 
military coups and sympathy can be counted on 
to enlarge the turf of tire coming bcanb. - 

Iran i$ currently training betweai 1,500 and 
2,000 men, aD under the age of 30, to cany oat 
suicide missions in foreign countries. The poten- 
tial role of small midear bombs in such terrorist 
attacks needs no exposition here. 

If a South Asian nuclear war were initiated by 
Pakistan or by a nuclear enemy (Israel ox India), 
both initiator and defender would likdy be anni- 
hilated. Western logic finds deterrence in such a 
prospect No nation commits stridden so neither 
side will initiate nuclear war. Weston logic may 
be misapplied here. Self-destnictianin behalf of 
faith is a familiar fact in Islamic history. 

‘There is a Hindu bomb, a Jewish bomb and a 
Christian bomb," said Tnifncar Ali Bhutto, the 
late former prime tnmisfer of Pakistan. ‘'Iherc 
must be an Islamic bomb." To Pakistan, a Mos- 
lem nation, Israel is the ultimate enemy. The 
coining Pakistan nuclear bomb will very Hkdy 
become the Islamic bomb; a nndear confronta- 
tion could Kkely be Moslem vs. Jew. 

Islamic o a money financed the bomb, al- 
though the funds are never visible in Pakistan 
budgets. Saudi Arabia has poured hundreds of 
mimoos of dollars into Pakistani military pro- 
jects. The completed bomb is Kkdy to be shared 
by those who paid for it — how, we do not know. 

In 1979 President Carter, aware of Pakistan’s 


friend, the People’s Republic of China, might 
detonate the first Pakistan bcanb before then. 

P ak i s ta n’ s enriy intothe nodearage was mod-_ 
est In 1965 Me. Bhutto contracted with Canadi- 
an General Electric for a nuclear reactor and 
nodear fad. to provide electric power to metro- 
politan Karachi, population 3 million. The pro- 
ject; known as Karnrat. was financed by a Cana- 
dian loan of $47 ntimom To ensure peaceful use, 
Pakistan agreed to p ermi t the International 
Atomic Energy 'Agency to monitor the reactor 
and foe4 the reactor came on tine ip 1972. 

Then Pakistan contracted with the French 
company Saint-Gobam to budd a large repro- 
cessing faqfity, known as the Oiashma plant, 
capable of extracting plutonium from spent ura- 
nium fad. Construction began in 1977; cost was 


natural uranium fod to Kanupp, having deci ded 
that Pakistan’s im d«t program had other than 
peaceful purposes. No matter Pakistan found 
another source. From 1978 to 1980 Libya bought 
between 250 and 450 tons of uranium me from 
Nig er; most was transshipped to Pakistan- Pak> 
Stan bought 60 to 100 tons directly from Niger. 
By the early 1980s it was making more natural 
nranimw thm Kannpp electric power needed. 

While construction of the Chasfama reprocess- 
ing plant was in progress, another road to tire 
bomb opened — high-level enrichment of mined 
n nmmni Pakistan had no power reactor that 
used highly enriched u ranirmi for fuel nor were 
'any sum reactors then in the o ffing . But highly 
winched un»«»™ qualifies admirably as tbe ex- 
plosive ingredient of a nuclear bomb. 

The road to enrichment was carious. For three 
years, one Abdul Qadar Khan, variously de- 
scribed as quiet, liable, a family man and a 


There is no overestimating 


dangerous street voUeybaE player, was employed 
fcrv a subcontractor of an uranium enric hmen t 


the power of money in 
the nudear bomb business. 


by a subcontractor of an uranium enric hmen t 
plant in the Netherlands. This operation was 
owned jointly by Britain, West Germany and the 
Netherlands. In 1975 Mr. Khan left the a>mpany 
with more tha n handshakes; be took with mm a 


nnHffn r activity, cut off and military 

aid — about £85 nuflion over two years. Bat the 


Soviet invasion of Afghanistan renewed U.S. 
interest in friendship with Pakistan. Mr. Carter’s 
new 1980 offer of aid, sharply increased to $400 


rnrHirm yng declined by President Mohammed 
Zia ul-Haa One year later General Zta got a 


Zia ul-Haq. One year later General Zia got a 
much better deal from President Reagan, a 
“loan 1 ’ of $3.2 billion, evenly divided between 
economic and military credit, from 1982 to 1987. 

The loan can be withdrawn if Pakistan deto- 
nates a nuclear bomb. The CIA believes that 
Pakistan will hold off until the American agree- 
ment runs out in 1987. A conjecture: Pakistan’s. 


estimated at $60 bfitioo. The plant was hardly 
needed fra power. Pakistan bad, then and has 
nownn gwiiggriat fMetpff (h«t can ff^pliiwni- 
um fra fuel Moreover, spent nramnm fuel at 
Kanupp was both pnaH m mripimr and 
IAEA safeguard. Why a large reprocessing 
plant? Pakistan was looking ahead to tbe bomb. 

Alarrreri, Washing ton tried, via an offer of 
conventional arms; to abort construction at 
Chashma M avert a possible South Asian nu- 
clear aims race. The offer was declined. So in 

1977 Washington art off aD wmnnmie and mili- 
tary aid to Pakistan. France was soon to fed 
American pressure to get out of fHsslwna in 

1978 the French contractor withdrew; U.& aid to 
Pakistan was promptly restored. 

But France left bjaeprints behind. Relieved by 
the French withdrawal of any need to submit to 
IAEA Pakistan set out to finish die 

plant themselves. And they w3L If sufficient 
spent fud can be found to permit the reprocess- 
ing plant to operate near the levd planned by the 
French, Pakistan should be able to produce 150 
kilograms of plutonium per year — - enou gh fra 


comp lete set of enrichment plans along with an 
TTw atiuMc, de tailed shopping list fra compo- 
nents. (In 1983, now described as “the spy of the 
centnry," Mr. iGran was convicted in absentia in 
Amsterdam on a charge of smuggling.) 

Mr. Khan later mined up as die man in charge 
of Pakistan’s fledgling enrichment plant at Kfl- 
hnta. Progress accelerated. Major purchases were 
made in Switzerland, West Germany, Britain — 


made in Switzerland, West Germany. Britain — 
and tbe Netherlands, scene of Mr. Khan’s thefts: 


There is no overestimating the power of money 
in the nndear bomb business. A few illegal ship- 
ments were intercepted — high-frequency invert- 
ers from Canada and rate critical lot of bomb 
triggers from the United States. The latter ind- 
dwnt ended with Washington paying the Paki- 
stani agent’s fare home. Via another agent, Paki- 
stan got the Deeded American bomb triggers. 

To complete the picture, all Pakistan needs is a 
large-scale nndear reactor. This could proride 


electric power for die bade country — and yield 
an adequate supply of spent fud mat, via repro- 
cessing, could power nndear warheads. Pakistan 
has decided to obtain exactly such a reactor. 


an anriiml output of 16 Nagasaki-dze bombs. 

In late 1975 Canada stopped shipments of 


The writer is professor emeritus of \ 
Massachusetts Institute cfTedmolog 
ed thb comment to the Los Angeles '. 


ccnormcs at the 
>. He contribut- 


The View From Pasternak’s Grave Has Improved 


M OSCOW — On a quiet Sunday 
mom bin the snow lies pure 


JLVL morning , the snow ties pure 
and white on the field ^ stretches 
from Boris Pasternak’s grave to the 
weathered wooden villa where he 
spent so much of his tife: It was here 
in this writers’ village of FeredeUrino 
that, in the Stalinyears, Mr. Paster- 
nak wrote “Dr. Zhivago,” dropping 
the manuscript sheet by sheet into his 
desk drawer, knowing that the pages 
could never pass censorship. - 

On thit fhmriay mornin g an Amai- 
ntn visito r is taUcmg ri ** 1 half a Aram 

people standing around Mr. Paster- 
nak’s grave under dries. On 
the grave lie fresh-cut pine boughs. 
The men and womai are talking 
about Mr. Pasternak’s bouse; which 
stands vacant and fortran. 

Some 13 months ago the police 
came and ordered Mr. Pasternak’s 
son and relatives outon 48 hours’ 
notice. The farmer hastily packed the 
author’s papers and memorabilia. 


By Harrison E. Salisbury 


Now the house standi empty, a sad 
monument to the philistinism of 
Writers Union bureaucrats who had 
planned to move in “a living Soviet 
writer.” As one explained, “After all, 
Pasternak was not a Soviet author. 
That he was a Nobel Prize winner 
mattered not awbit 

The consensus of the little group is 
that dunces are mod that Mr. Pas- 
ternak’s thin g* win be moved back 
soon and that the house will become 
a literary museum. Why? Because of 
the s ummit they explained. 

The s nnmrit is changing many things. 

Why should a meeting in Geneva 
between President Ronald Reagan 
and General Secretary Mikhail Gor- 
bachev affect the literary politics of 
Feredelkinb?~ Soviet crtizeos say Mr. 
Gorbachev’s perceived success is 
strengthening his famd internally. 
They think it wffl enable him to cope 


with the die-hard bureaucrats of the 
brutal type who decreed evacuation 
of the Pasternak house. 

The reaction in Fereddkmo is not 
isolated. Fomesriy a decade, a young 
couple, talented but frustrated by 
cast-iron artistic conventions, has de- 
bated a visit to the West to seek 
creative refreshment in Paris, Lon- 
don, New York. They held up their 
application, fearful thm it would only 
aggravate their political sit uati on. 
Now they are humedty preparing to 
pul in fra toe trip. They thwiV toe 
chances are good. They db not know 
bow long the window to the West 
may remain open — or if, indeed, it 
mtSaSyisopen — but they are will- 
ing to take a chance. 

A senior adviser to the Soviet gov- : 
etmnent can hardly restrain his de- 
light. Fra many years he has been an 
advocate of better relations with. 


relations with. 


East Europe’s Dissidents like Detente 

N EW YORK — In this period of Bv Ijirv Knmiwir - are satisfied with dftente. They thm] 

post-summit cordiality, many y y avomisar sboM ^ ^ _ 


post-summit cordiality, many 
people are waiting srutiemtiy to see if 
the aril words ottered at Geneva 


woe aimed at winning public rela- 
tions points or will lead to a real 


tions points or will lead to a real 
dktenle. Among those wife the great- 
est slake in such a development are 
the dissidents of Eastern Europe. Al- 
though their plight is often a ted to 
justify hard-line American policies 
toward Moscow, they are virtually 
unanimous in behering that the route 
to greater freedom lies in ditente. 

for Eastern Europe, d&entc began 
with the signing of the Helsinki ac- 
cords in Almost 1975 — although the 
fruits of the accords have not been 
distributed evenly in afi six countries. 
Most Hungarians and Poles can trav- 
el to the West or emigrate, but citi- 
zens of other countries have hard 
tunes getting visas. Czechoslovaks 
can travel only when a family mem- 
ber is left bemad, and East Germans 
and Romanians rarely leave except 
when a roonsor country “buys” them 
out — west Germany with cash for 
East Germans, and America wife 
most-favored-nation status, which 
wins exit visas fra Romanian Jews. 

Tbe most significant impact was m 
Poland and Hungary. The travel pro- 
moted by d£tente was one of the 
causes of the Solidarity movement. A 


cultural center in East Berlin and 
there are plans to open an Italian one. 

Gunter Kruscbe, regkxnal bishop 
for East Berlin, says that Lutheran 
church officials can now get visas to 
attend dmrch meetings in the West. 
And in 1983 some 220,000 people 
took part in church commemorations 
of the anniversary of Martin Luther 
— which “would not be possible be- 
fore tbe Helsinki agreement.” 

In Czechostovalda toe Charter 77 . 
spokesman, Jiri Dienstbier, said of 

' 


are satisfied with detente. They think 
it should go further and the peace 
process should include something fra 


One si gn of 
Nikita Khxush 
unperson. Part 
begun to identi 
21 years since 


he changing times: 
tey is no tonga an 
histories have again 
him by name. In the 
te lost his office to 


them. They do not like the wary the 
West accepts their status as Soviet 


ms country* leaders’ dealings wife 
the West: "The more they have con-: 
tacts and are forced to behave ac- 
cording to their signatures on the 
treaties, tbe better for os and every- 


West accepts their status as Soviet 
satellites — ' many criticize toe West- 
ern peace movements fra that; and 
many speak of ievosing the diriskm 
of Europe, ha particular, many want 
d&ente to lead to toe withdrawal of 
foreign troops from all of Europe. 

There are some; especially in Po- 
land, who hold that d&tente is useless 
and that the Russians understand 
only force. But they are & minority. 
Most of the dissidents I met think ' 
that toeir goals most be achieved, 
riowly — through negotiated politi- 
cal, economic and social oaatects. . 


Leonid Brezhnev, he has been re- 
ferred to only as “the general secre- 
tary of the Communist Party." Now, 
some say, toe cemetery where he is 
buried may again be opened to visi- 
tors. It has been off limits for seven 
years because so many people were 
putting fresh flowers on the grave. 

The late Anastas Mikoyan, one of 
Mr. Khrushchev’s closest associates, 
has been restored to his historical 
role. Pravda and Izvestia published 
long articles for his 90th birthday. 

The Rcagan-Gorbachev talks may 
not swiftly resolve the arms race, bat 
they have started to bring fight to 
dark coiners of tbe Soviet Union. 


The writer is a free-lance journalist 


body. These contacts saved a lot of who recently spent two months in East- 
peoplc from prisoo." em Europe. She contributed this com- 

Few dissidents in Eastern Europe ment to The New York Times. 


New York Times. 


The writer, a former New York 
Times correspondent in Moscow, has 
just concluded a visit to the Soviet 
- Union. He contributed this comment to 
The New York Times. 


A Hardship Post for Us Guinea Pigs 


grcnm of sociologists who studied 
10,000 Solidarity activists at all levds 
found feat about 70 percent had 
span at least a month in the West, 
mainly in Sweden or West Germany. 

Beyond this, throughout the late 
1970s Poland needed a good human 
rights record to support its borrowing 
from the West As a result, opposi- 
tion intellectuals were harassed but 
not arrested, and the underground 
grew steadily stronger. 

East European governments like 
drtente because it means economic 
cooperation. They need Western 
technology and markets where they 
can eamhaid currency. Since 1975 
Hungary has developed several hun- 
dred joint ventures with Austria, 
West Germany and Italy. 

But this, too, has political conse- 
quences. As Hungary is drawn deeper 
into the Western economic orbit, it 
finds it necessary to decentralize eco- 
nomy management and allow man. 
agers to be elected by workers. .Tiros, 
as toe dissident author Gyragy Kon- 
rad explains, “The refrain of state 
socialism leads to'a land of pluralism 
in every dimension of soaeiy. It is 
not possible to make a feasible, effi- 
cient economic reform with pimple 
who are afraid of toe central power." 

Even in East Germany and 
Czechoslovakia, both more repres- 
sive than Poland and Hungary, Hd- 
q'nlri hashed m impact. 

In East Germany tbe has 

meant more openness to cultural ex- 
change and religious freedom. The 
East Goman writer Lutz Ratoeaow 
cannot get a visa to see his French 
publisher^ but France has opened a 


N EW YORK —A team ofmed- By Carolyn M. Benson 
real investigators recently J \ . . 

checked doorknobs and dnsted dip- 

lomats’doihhigmtheU^u EmbaS' had bem used to track the move- 
sy in Moscow, searching for traces "zaents of em bassy personnel mice ' 
of a chemical dust used as a tracing 1976. NPPD, a compound with nik' 


agent by the Russians. Disclosure -trobenzene at its core, can cause 
or the "Moscow spy tout" scheme ebanaes in the body’s aeneiic code. 


of the “Moscow spy dost" scheme 
caused a minor uproar a few 
months ago, but one question 
seems never to have been adequate- 
ly answered: Why did the State De- ' 
partment, which knew of toednst- 
mg practice, for nine, years, not 
inform its employees about this po- 
tentially dangerous chemical? 

The question is rare disturbing 
in light of similar behavior by. the 
department in 1976, when it dis- 
closed that microwave radiation 
had been beamed at toe embassy 
for 18 years. In neither case did it 
choose -to- inform employees until 
disclosure also served dqilomatic or 
public relations purposes- 
- Several generations of embasqr . 
employees and their families have 
been subjected to continuous . low 
levels of microwave radiation, and 
to occasional exposure to a sub- 
stance that any chemist would sus- 
pect of bring a health hazard. 

My family, now on is second 
tour of duty in Moscow, has spent a 
total of six years exposed to two 
substances that studies have shown 
can cause genetic defects and other 
disorders, -mdudiag shifts in white 
blood oell levds, decreased fertility, 
irri lability, partial memory loss and 
other iinp1faimli.li n Many other 
dlpirwnwtg and their families have 
bren rimOariy exposed. 

The Stale Department said in 
August that the <ra$t, known as m- 
trophenylpentatfiesai, or NPPD, • 


changes in the boity’s genetic code. 

Tbe- Arthur H. Thomas Compa- 
ny's “Table of Dangerous Materi- 
aSs, n on a scale of one tofotn, rates 
nitrobenzme at three — “severe 
danger toon exposure could cause 


It seems that concern 
for the health of the 
embassy staff was not 
a primary factor , % 


serious temporary or readnal injury 
even ifriycaproiupt medical attenr 
tian." This table is posted in Ameb- 


is that staff at the Moscow embassy 
should oof h&ve been gptr^ {rigs io 
. a study that, .only years later, might 

■ *~Wha r fina^ytaTtoe State De- 
partment to reveal the. use of spy 
dust? The initial explanation was 
that fee Soviet Union had stepped 
to its ore. It acemseqpa&y posable 
■ that die Reagan administration was 
' playing a public relations tramp 

card before the summit meeting. 
Many embassy employees believe 
that the department was trying- tn 
save face by malting an official an- 
’ nbuncement .before toe stray was 
leaked to fee media. - 
. Sadly, it seems that concern fra 
toe health of toe embassy staff was 
not a primary motivating factor, 
just as it was not when department 
o ffi c i als revealed fee- microwave 
bombardment. If it was, why did 
they wigt so long to run simple 
tests? Why fed they wait for evi- 
dence that use of the torn had been 


A Book list 
Of Straws 


In the Wind 


By James Heston 

W ashington — Sometimes 
you can tell how the winds are 


America. In recent years, however, he 
framd it hard to keep his footing. He 
was being pushed ont by hard^mers. 
Now he is riding high. He feels that 
Geneva has started a process that is 
going to move inexorably in fee di- 
rection of eased tensions. He is cer- 
tain that it has freed Mr. Gorbachev's 
bands to deal swiftly and conclusive- 
ly with presang internal problems. 

Hie bi gg est of these, an other offi- 
cial said, is continued strong opposi- 
tion to vigorous internal change on 
fee part of fed-fine party, govem- 
ment and military bureaucrats. “Gor- 
bachev has been abte to make impor- 
tant changes at the top," he said. 
“But he has not begun to contend 
with fee entrendied reactionary of- 
ficeholders below fee tra> leveL” 

Another said, “Now, I hope, some- 
thing can be achieved internally. ” He 
noted that the cleanup of government 
scandals had much further to go: “A 
lot was done by Andropov, but ranch 
more remains to be done." 


blowing by watching tbe book notes. 
President Reagan chose his official 
biographer the other day. Vice Presi- 
dent George Bosh and Representa- 
tive Jack Kemp, among others, have 
published their stories and political 
ideas well in time for toe next presi- 
dential election. So it is clear feat we 
have already come to a fork in tbe 
road between the past and the futn^* 

Mr. Reagan sol] has three more 
years to go. but he is be ginning to 
think about his place in history: what 
he has done and what he will leave 
behind. And the leaders of both ma- 
jor political parties are wondering 
what to do after he has grate. 

The Democrats met in Florida the « 
other day at Disney World, of all f 
places, to try to puzzle this out, and | 
i-?i me away w dizzy confusion about 
whether or not to attack Mr. Reagan 
in the congressional elections of 1986 
for control of tbe Senate, and about 
how to plan fra toe presidential elec- 
tion of 1988. They could not get their “ 
history straight. And no wonder. 

Who will write the history of the 
Reagan era, with all its tests and 
turns on domestic and foreign polic^ 
its triumphs and disasters of econom- 
ic and social policy? Unlike his pre- 
decessors in the white House in this 
century, Mr. Reagan has at least cho- 
sen a serious historian in Edmtmd 
Morris, tire author of "The Rise of 
Theodore Roosevelt," and has prom- ‘ 
ised to give him access to the records 
of the last five years, permit him to 
attend cabinet meetings is the next 
three years and answer his questions. 

In bis first four years President 
Reagan did not produce a counter- 
revolution against the welfare state, 
but merely a correction to it Nor did 
be carry on for long his crusade 
against fee Soviet “evil empire." The - r 
NATO allies had a lot to do to change _ 
his mind. They argued that ideology 
was failing all over the world — com- - 
tn imism in the Soviet-Union, social ‘ 
ism in Western Europe, capitalism » 
America — and also that everything -* 
was changing in the industrial - 
world’s economy and everybody had 
to adjust to the new realities. 

The Reagan of his first four years . 
has been adjusting to the facts of his 
second — to alarming budget deficits : 
and spectacular trade deficits, and to ' 
tbe cost of the arms race. He has been - 
compromising with Congress on the 
budget, not much but some; and he 
talked quietly to Mikhail Gorbachev 
in Geneva on hnman rights, in the 
belief that more dissidents cook! be '' 


rob 


load propaganda. Nothing was set- ' 
tied but everything was discussed, : — 
and there was at least agreement at - r . 
the summit that the two men should , 
talk again in Washington next year 
and in Moscow the year after. $ 

The main point, or so it seems, - 
that something important may be 
happening: that instead of arguing -■ 
about the past, people-are beginning .. 
to talk about the future — not only " 
on Capital Hill but between the 
White House and tbe Kr emlin. 

An mmortant thing about the Rea- 
gan-Gorbadiev meeting was not only 
that they agreed that a nuclear war fl 
“cannot be won and must never be j 11 
fought," but also that they agreed to 11 
keep in touch, not rally next year and , 
the next, but all the time on wars 
elsewhere in the world. And they 
agreed that the spread of nuclear 
weapons must be controlled. 

In short, the hopeful thing is that 
maybe tine is a realization on both . <r 
sides that offici al s should be thinking | ■*- 
about what they have in common L 
instead of what has divided tbemi : c . 
since tbe ad of the last world w^Fi : : 

and the he gimring ^rf the ungear ay. 

Ronald Reagan, in choosing a bio- i *' 
grapher, must be trunking about what ] 
ne will leave behind after his spectap- ( n - 
fear political successes. He bis three j - 
more years to go, and the guess here ... 
is that, like most presidents and pat- | , . . 
ticulaxtyfike most acton, he wants a 
happy ending in the last act ! • ’’ 

1ms kind of thmlring drives his [j ’ 
conservative supporters up tbe wall 1 - --- 
For the first time be is beginning to \ -■ 
think of history, not heretofore his : 
favorite subject. And probably he has li . 
not chosen Professor Morris to write j.’v. 
t hat he failed to balance the budget 1 *"« ■ 
and produce a reasonable balance of 
nnfitary power in the woddi . . 

The New York Tones. j|t ! - 


The 


LETTERS 

Prejudging the Greeks 


I was shocked by the facility with 
which television and newspapers con- 
d aim ed Greece for the EgyptAir hj- 
jadong even before it was over anti 


before any investigation. A survivor 
has since said , that arms could not 
have entered the plane at Athens ail? 
put became passengers had to sut* 
nut to four controls mere. 

NATALIA AGAMOU. ' 


Italy and Switzerland 


W3Uam Haft, in “A Omens Aj 3* 
aisal of Investment Risk in En- 


can hospitals and labs. What was increased? The feet is that tooe are 
the -State Department doing for-' no excuses for endangering the 
nmeyear^ If its spokesmen are to health of imwitfing American per- 
be believed, it was rese a rc hin g; inn " sound over a period of many years. 


The State D» 
employees feat 


way, the dust’s effects. 


The embassy in Moscow is con 


t has told sidered a ^hardriiq) post,” and 


re exposed bassy personnel soon grow used to 


to only "minute quantities’’ of the .. various forms of surveillance. But 
dust and that its use was mostly this second example of -State Do- 


“erratic and infrequenL" Bnt it re- pdrtment negligence would sesn to 
leased no data and did not define s show that scone fe the hardship is 
“minute quantity” fe how frequent- directed by Washington, 
ly measurements were taken. R is - — — — 

studying the latest dust samples. . . 'Ihewrtter.daughter of I 
It may be nqposibteto assert fee Easori comselor jo-pr^m < 
effects of long-term, low-kvelradi- affairs at the US. £w&asty 


praisal of Investment Risk in Ea- 
rope” (N<n. 22), wonders why mnlti, 
nationals see Italy as a high risk 
country. He points out that “the con- 
ststenqy of Italian' political and eexh 
nonac paHcy over the. 40 postwar 
... rivals that of Switzerland.” 
Perhaps jf fee results of those policies 
rivaled those of Switzerland, invest 
tors would be more impressed. ", 

MKE BELUNGHAUSEN. '• 
• Vincennes,' France. ' 


The write-, daughter of Raymond £ 
rows cotmsdor for press and adiurtd 
farsatthe. US. Embassy in Moscow, 


ationdrfixposare'toNEPD.Ghean- cantr&uled Stis ammentjo The New 
cals that fete- genes do not always Jori t Tbnes^. The farmfy lhed a the 
cansecmlcer T tniithet rialianship iii flmfaasp jrewt iP75 to 1979 arid has 
StiO not ffely understood. The point pgain beeiediere since Ah&bI 1981 


uwwvpiM. - - t . 

1 should Eke to read more opinfS f ! 
columns Hke Richard .Critchfiekfs ' ' 
u Oi AristotkvDeng and Qnna’s Pro^ 
ductiw Peasante^^WbR -f^. I Think : ’;h- , 
mash of fee editorial. page is wasted: ' . 

\ - Vr^-'-hLSTRICHER. ' ‘v „ 

‘Strasbourg, Franca • ■ 







JL- ... 





Page 9 


I 









ADVERTISING SECTION 


Value Is a Matter of Detail ■; ■; 

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hand: the Saxon-Tkuringian porcelain factories hare been making details 
important for centuries. 

In the 1890s. the Scheibe-Alsbach Porcelain Fac lory became famous for a 
new hind “f a rework a: ns reproductions of well-known historical paintings as 
free-standing porcelain groups. Pred. Otto Poertzei created a porcelain statue 
based on David's "Sapolcon's Ride A m oss the .-Ups. " Both the great accuracy of 
portraiture and the historical anther, rail} of the uniforms veiled masterful 
modeling and painting. JAiis monumental porcelain figure is, like all the 
factory's Sap, iconic creations, unexcelled to this day. 

Look for the factory mark on the bottom You'll recognize porcelain from. 

Seheihe-A fsbach h\ the crossed S. 


UK Via I C'-j:r.i CV 

Zi*rpor:?ifon»:crke Lie hie 


Pnrzeikinnuy'.uitiktur 
S-hsJ'C ■ A is, ha ch 


rue de Paradis. While the street 
has been in existence since 
1643, its destiny as a center of 
cable arts did not begin until 
1831, when Baccarat Crystal 
opened a studio at 30 bis, now 
the sice of their showroom. Be- 
sides displaying the entire pres- 
ent-day inventory, Baccarat 
maintains an on-premises mu- 
seum with d corns of items from 
their 200-year history. Besides 
offering a peek at the "eyes 
only” crystal service used at the 
Elysee Palace, the museum has 
cutaway diagrams that illustrate 
exactly how the famous "mille- 
fiari” paperweights are made. 

Right next door to the Bac- 
carat building is the Interiors, a 
complex or manufacturers' 
showrooms grouped as the 
Cencre International des Arts 
de la Table et de la Mai son. 
Havilland, Saint Louis. Water- 
ford and Porcelaine de Sologne 
are only a few of the tenants. 
Fine French firms like Bemar- 
daud, Baum Crystal, Lafarge 
and Havilland et Parlon also 
maintain showrooms directly 
on the street. 

This is not to suggest that 
the rue de Paradis has a virtual 
monopoly on quality table 
crafts. The stretch of land be- 
tween the Place de la Concorde 
and the Place de la Madeleine 
can be singled out for two very 
notable storefronts. 

One is Laliquc, at 11, rue 
Royal c. This is a name that is 
synonymous with French ele- 


gance for luxury-lovers the 
world over. 

The other, Au Vase Ecrus- 
que, 11, place dc la Madeleine, 
has been known to connois- 
seurs of fine china and crysral 
for over 120 years. 

The selection at this two- 
story store is simply enormous tjj 

and tends to the traditional. {] 

Major French and Continental !j 

firms arc e xtre mely well-reprc- jj 

sen red. The srore even carries 
some samples of rarissime i 

Sevres porcelain. Narurally j 

prices for these irons, which are I 

very limited in production and 
distribution, are high: a single 
gilt-edged soup plate can run 
well over 1,000 francs ($125). 

Au Vase Etrusquc will also 
hand-paint china or hand-carve 
crystal to a customer's specifica- 
tions. The results (as in the 
purple orchid pattern recently 
commissioned by a South 
American diene) can be breath- 
taldngiy beautiful. 

Au Vase Etrusquc is 100 per- 
cent operational today after a 
terrorist bomb directed at the 
nearby UTA building shattered 
its first- and second-floor win- 
dows in late October. "It wasn’t 
pretty,** says Gache. "We were 
all terribly demoralized." Luck- 
ily, most of the damage was 
confined to the ground floor, 
and regular customers will not 
find it hard to believe that the 
sorely calm of this century-old 
establishment could be restored 
so rapidly. 


The Magic of Baccarat Crystal 


Their name is die very Hrfini- 
oon of crystal. With authority 
the Petit Laroussc Ulustxe de- 
fines this magic- substance as: 
"Very dear and very pure white 
glass. Baccarat crysta L” For 
over 221 years, since die glass- 
works was founded by the Bish- 

oF Louis XV in 1764, the stay 
of this celebrated French crisud- 
lerie has so combined the ex- 
traordinary with the miracu- 
lous — surviving three rev- 
olutions and four invasions as 
well as two general s trik es 
without once shutting down — 
char one might assume the gods 
had cast a particularly benevo- 
lent eye upon the ent er prise. 

Per h aps one of them has. 
Centuries ago, the Romans 
built a temple on this same site, 
dedicated to the god of wine, 
Bacchus, next to a fortified 
town whose mins can still be 
glimpsed nearby. The name 
Baccarar derives from Baccbi for 
Bacchus and am lot altar. 

What better way to propa- 
gate the pleasures of the vine 
than to combine the world’s 
gteatesr wines with the superb 
crystal in which it is best sa- 
vored? Could that special spar- 
kle of a Baccarat crystal gpblet 
as one sips the velvet vintage of 

a fine Bordeaux be a reflection 
of the glint in die eye of the 
most sybaritic of gods? 

No need to plunge into an- 
cient legend to share the plea* 
surable sensation of serving fine 
wines in connoisseur's crystaL 
Modem heads of scare follow 
the traditions set by the sump- 
tuous royal courts of yesteryear 
when they mm to Baccarat for 
char elegant stemware or pres- 
tigious state gifts. 

The miracles wrought in 
shimmering crysral by Bacca- 
rat's cr af tsmen have fascinated 
the rich and powerful for centu- 
ries. Kings and emperors, shahs 

and cnlraiu^ maharajahs and 

presidents, from the Far East to 
rife Ear West, have paid their 
tributes to Baccarat's suprema- 
cy. Charles X was the first royal 
to visit the manufacturer in 
1828, and thereafter a stream of 


the most important royal, polit- 
ical and social figures or the 
19th and 20th centuries made 
the pilgrimage to this small 
village in northeastern France 
in search of the perfection only 
Baccarar can offer. 

During the reign of Napo- 
leon III, Baccarar began win- 
ning gold medals and grand 


lias and candrlahra reached as- 
tonishing proportions, up to 17 
feet high and 16 feet in diame- 
ter, with 147 lights. Some of 
these masterpieces, containing 
more chan 500 elements, 
weighed from 500 kilograms 
(1,100 pounds) to a ton, some- 
thing the Maharajah of Gwali- 
or did not properly take into 


ered by a Baccarar engineer in 
1958. Now chese paperweights 
ace again in great demand by 
international collectors. 

Technological p rowes s has 
always been an important in- 
gredient of the Baccarat story. 
The development of safety glass 
for miners* lamps was an essen- 
tial aspect of the company’s 
survival through the two world 
wars. The installation in the 
1960s and *70s of sophisticated 
gas and electric furnaces allow 
the night-and-day production of 
the flawless lead crystal used to 
create a new generation of ab- 
stract decorative pieces by mod- 
em artists emphasizing the 
form of the matcri- 


1985 Baccarat reproductions of designs from 182 1-1840. 


prizes at world fairs and exhibi- 
tions, a habit that has contin- 
ued to this day. 

Seemingly every crowned 
head asked Baccarat craftsmen 
to create something even more 
splendid and remarkable than 
what they had made before, and 
these magicians in glass re- 
sponded by producing a star- 
ding series of artistic and tech- 
nological tours de force. Fa 
Marie-Louise of Parma, the 
Queen of Spain, they nude a 
dressing wble and chair in crys- 
tal in 1829. For die King of 
Portugal in 1878, it was a 15-by- 
1 5-foot (5-by-5-merer) 'Tem- 
ple of Love,” complete with a 
representation of die god Mer- 
cury in die center. 

The complex forms of the 
Middle Ages and the Renais- 
sance were revived, transformed 
by double or triple layers of 
color and further embellished 
by gold decoration or ornate 
cutting and engraving. Chande- 


account when be built a palace 
just co display his new Baccarar 
chandelier. Despite warnings 
from the craftsmen char the 
ceiling was not strong enough 
to support the chandelier, be 
ordered it hung. When the ceil- 
ing gave way and the magnifi- 
cent chan delier crasher! into a 
million crystal splinters, the 
Maharajah was undet e r re d. He 
merely ordered another chande- 
lier and built another palace, 
rhis rime assuring the solidity 
of the roof by hoisting his 
heaviest elephant up by special 
crane for a test run. . 

Side by side with all these 
grandiose exploits, Baccarar 
continued to invent exquisite 
stemware patterns, like die 
deep flat cutting of Harcourr in 
1825 or the celebrated balloon 
glasses of 1849, and the simple 
Grecian vases that are still best- 
sellers today. The arc of "m31e- 
fiori” paperweights, in vogue 
until 1880, was only rediscov- 


Thc real secret of Baccarat 
lies in chc savor faire of its 
craftsmen. The company boasts 
an exceptional 17 Meilleurs 
Owners de France among their 
giassblowcrs, cutters, carvers, 
engravers, gilders and polishers. 
The workers "gather” the mol- 
ten crystal with long hollow 
canes for glassblowing, keep 
them constantly turning while 
die hoc crystal is blown into a 
transparent dome sparkling 
with a thousand lights, then 
delicately attach die glass stem 
and foot This rhythmic sym- 
phony of movements has been 
compared to the strange beauty 
of a ceremonial ballet 

T/wltin g after rhis masterful 
work force is one of the compa- 
ny’s priorities, and it only 
slightly exa gg er at es when it 
speaks of it as a large family. 
The 1,100-person work force is 
made up of only 211 families, 
and die esprit dc corps is such 
chat they recently volunteered 
to wok 24,500 hours overtime 
to cope with a flood of orders. 
Today mac chan half the work- 
ers are shareholders in the corn- 
ay, and It has been the only 
to hire 110 people over the 
last 18 months in the economi- 
cally depre sse d Lorraine region. 

Meanwhile, the legend of 
Baccarat continues to dazzle 

with the mysterious magic of 
dear crystal. 


e.s i> 

Os 

„ » M-. V* ^ 

-a *lfe; 

•>'. .. 1 ll =0, 

1 

j&m 

. .... 

. . ■- "CiO, 

"• -'•Jfcu- 
-vrnB* 

f'i* - *®* 

- 


..''"’“■‘ia 

'--'Hi 

v - 

: c ' *~s - sta- 
"■ JX- 

- 

■ 


IOTERIUTIONALHERALD TRIBUNE* MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 


ADYERTiSING SECTION 


offers one of the simplest and 
cheeriest services imaginable: 
bold cornflower-blue and sun- 
shine-yellow striped plates that 
were recopicd from Qaudc Mo- 
na’s ceramics service ar Gi- 
vetny. The same company also 
commissioned fashion designer 
Sonia Rykiel to develop a clean 
art-deco- inspired scries. (It 
must be added that designer- 
dressing- for-dinner-p laics is a 
full-fledged trend on the stre et: 
Karl Lagerfeld, Pierre Cardin, 
Leonard and Castdbajac arc just 
1 few of the designer labels for 


Table-Shopping oh the Rue de Paradis 


Tf you’re bullish on china shops, 
run (don’t walk) to Paris's rue 
de Paradis. This 500-meter 
street, just two blocks southeast 
. of the Gate de FEst train sta- 
tion, is lined with 50 retail boo- 
: tiques and manufacturers’ 
showrooms selling the very fin- 
.! cst French and European porce- 
lain. silver, crystal and glass- 
ware. 

Hus is tire epicenter of 
France’s retail and wholesale ta- 
ble-craft trade, and while locat- 
ed in one of the city's last sur- 
viving Martins pofntbam, there 
is nothing downmarket about 
the presentation in these bou- 
tiques. Even with prices averag- 
ing 10 percent less than in de- 
partment stores, all is luxe, 
culm et voktpte behind those 
sparkling display windows. 

One senses the spirit of gen- 
tlemanly cooperation between 
the merchants, .who have all 
agreed to keep the same hours 
(10-6:30 Monday through Sat- 
urday). "We treat each other 
more as colleagues than com- 
petitors," says Albert Ma- 
drono; president of the 23- 
mem be r Rue de Paradis 
Association. Tft a fine line, of 
course, but it's the difference 
that makes all the difference." 

Madronct, who HaiU from 
Limoges, owns six of the 30 
retail outlets on the street. Each 
individual shop is a separate 
universe, with a distinct inven- 
tory aimed at a specific clien- 
tele. 

For instance, Limoges Unic 
ar 22 , rue de Paradis is geared 
completely to the castes and 
needs of North Americans, who 
make up 90 percent of the 
shop's clientele. 


"Americans like flocal motifs 
mote than Europeans do, and 
they want largo-size dinner 
plates and bigger coffee cups,” 
explains Madronet. "Theyalso 
prefer to buy by die place sa- 
ting, whereas Europeans tradi- 
tionally buy a complete 50- 
piece dinner service in one HI 
swoop." 

Ar Limoges Unic, American 
dienes can also pay for. their 
place settings directly in Yan- 
kee greenbacks, thus cutting 
our the round- thc-block search 
for a money changer. The U.S. 
customers are "deeply grateful” 
for this privilege, adds the own- 
er. And Limoges Unit’s reputa- 
tion for low prices extends all 
the way across tire Atlantic 
*Wc have dienes arrive from 
Dallas, Miami, etc with lists of 
style numbers that they chose ar 
the department store back 
home,” says Madronet. "They 
know that they can save 30 to 
50 pcrcenr by shopping here.” 

While Limoges is not the 
only porcelain-producing area 
in France (there’s a group of 
factories at Vierzon also), die 
peculiarly American fascination 
with T.imng >- <e has definite his- 
torical roots. In the first pan of 
this century there was such an 
overwhelming stateside de- 
mand for china tr*adi» from fine 
Timnges kaolin day that Amer- 
ican entrepreneurs actually 
bought up and expanded the 
existing factories in the region 
to ensure production foe their 
accounts. Ar one point, . Havil- 
land, Scrcisman & Voth, Arcn- 
feldt and Guerin were all Un- 
owned. 

In fact; national pre fe rences 
in tableware seem to be as dis- 


Clockwise from left: Chat de Rigot 
design by Baccarat ; Monet design 
paperweight by Saint-Louis; Baccarat 
“votive” and **salieres”; tea service by 
Dorothy Hafner for Rosenthal. 


fine r as narmnal cuisines. Arab 
diems, for example, tend to 
prefer the more ornate styles, 
laden with gold filigree and rich 
cobalt-blue coloration. "Cobalt 
paint is such an expensive ma- 
terial that it always raises the 
pace,” remarks Madronet, add- 
ing that such table services do 
not sell well to Americans be- 
cause "they don’t fir in with the 
relaxed U3. lifestyle." 

The consumer is not the 
only one to betray national 
castes. Style tendencies ate easy 
to spot among the manufactur- 
ers^tna. "Due to the firing . 
processes in England, their chi- 
na is always more softly colored 
chan ours on rite Continent;” 
says Madronet. "And the de- 
signs employed by the Scandi- 


navian, German arid Czech 
firms are generally ^ezy con- 
temporary." 

At Madronet Maisoh, 34, rue 

ations of theWestGc2man Ro- 
senthal firm are displayed be- 
tween showcases of classi c 
French Bamarar and Saint- Louis 
crystaL A Rosenthal innovation 
is that each porcelain table ser- 
vice is complemented by a 
matching silver and glassware 
pa rte m . (Again, all items can 
be bought separately and by the 
place setting.) 

However, let the .fmyerbe 
aware that all French china pat- 
terns are not tradition-bound 
and formal In the same 
ehe Limoges-based fum of 
err Havilland and Q Potion 


the table available on the rue de 
Paradis. 

Despite the proliferation of 
new and exciting themes, Al- 
bert Madronet sees evidence of 
a new conservatism among 
youthful consumers. "From 
1965 to 1975, all die young 
French couples wanted some- 
thing ’modon.’ Now they’re all 
looking ar traditional patterns. 
Even the Germans, who are 
always very avant-garde in their 
castes, are shopping for tradi- 
tion.” 

Tradition is a byword on the 


> 


f 


3 


r 


I 

f 


I 


-4U 


i 






Page 10 


INTERN ATIONALHERAIJD TRIBUNE, MOWPAY^DECEMBER^ 1985 


advertising section 


ADVERTISING SECTION 


Distinguished Names in Porcelain 


Germany is the borne of many 
distinguished names in porce- 
lain. 

To-tfaefSaxony region of this 
country goes the credit for mak- 
ing the first one (Lc, hand- 
paste) porcelain in Europe at 
the start of the 18th century. 
The first glazed and painted 
white porcelain was made in a 
factory in Dresden. But the 


plant proved coo small and por- 
celain production was moved 
into an old fortress in nearby 
Meissen (the original sits con- 
tinued to produce a poredain- 
libe red stoneware). The name. 
Royal Meissen, sounded better 
than the first products justified, 
but skill and style were soon 
developed. Today, Meissen is 
synon ym ous with high-quality 
porcelain. 

One of the latest "new" pat- 
terns from Meissen is a coffee 
service bearing the Bruhl swan 
design of Count Heinrich von 
Bruhl, premier of Saxony and 
director of the Meissen peace- 
lain factory horn 1793 until his 
death in 1763. The pattern has 
been brought back to celebrate 
Meissen’s 275th anniversary 
this year. Incidentally, die origi- 
nal Bruhl swan pattern consist- 
ed of ZflOO pieces. 

Forty years after production 
started in Meissen, a wool pro- 
ducer opened the first porcelain 
factory in Berlin. However, it 
soon dosed, mainly because of 
the Seven Years War. A second 
plant had to stop production in 
1763 after only about two years. 
This tinif, porcelain making in 
Berlin was saved by govern- 
ment intervention in the form 
of an oeder from Frederick the 
Great, and since then die Royal 
(changed to Scare in 1918) Par- ’ 
cebin Manufactory Berlin — 
known by its famous initials, 
KPM — has remained in unin- 
terrupted operation. 

The marriage of a grand- 
daughter of August the Strong 
into the Bavarian royal family 
resulted in the first, but unsuc- 
cessful, attempt to make porce- 
lain in the Munich area. The 
plant, in an unoccupied local 
government building in Neu- 



deck in der Au, outside Mu- 
nich, was kept going and with 
tbe help of craftsmen and artists 
who had worked in other Ger- 
man and Austrian porcelain fac- 
tories, quality porcelain was 
eventually produced. To save 
money and end quarrels with 
neighboring monks, produc- 
tion was moved to the royal 
family’s castle at Nymphcn- 
burg in 1761. Since then, the 
products have been known as 
Nymphenbuig porcelain. 

Diderot included a work 
called "L’Art de la Pcffcdaine" 
in his famous encyclopedia. 
The author, a Comte de Milly, 
had acquired firsthand experi- 
ence in porcelain making while 
on temporary duty with the 
army of the Duke of Wurttem- 
berg, who had erected a factory 
in his residence in Ludwigs- 
buig, outside Stuttgart. Porzel- 
lan-Man ufalm ir Ludwigsburg is 
now a private company. Its 
range of products (still hand- 
made) includes figurines, deco- 
rative plates and tableware. 
Ludwigsburg porcelain is rich 
in floral designs, but the com- 
pany also has a breakfast set 
adorned with brightly colored 
birds. 


A porcelain expert from 
Meissen along with two mer- 
chants from Frankfurt am Main 
founded the factory in Hochst 
(now past of Frankfurt) in 
1746 l The factory’s symbol is 
the wheel, taken from the coat 
of arms of the ruler of Mainz, 
who chartered the original 
company. Although Hochst 
porcelain quiddy became 
known throughout Europe, the 
plant changed hands, was ac- 
quired by tbe prince in Main* ‘ 
and forced to dose down be- 
cause of wars and financial diffi- 
culties shortly before the end of 
the century. The molds for the 
most part were lost. 

An attempt to revive the 
company was made after World 
War II, but a successful scait- 
was not realized until 1965. 
company is now owned by 
the Hoechst chemiral corpora- 
tion and the Dresdner Bank 
Today's production, modeled 
and painted by hand, consists of 
figurines, tableware, vases and 
other objects. They bear the 
original Mainz wbed as their 
trademark. One of the special 
characteristics of the 18th-cen- 
tury "Mainz Manufactory at 
HSdist” was die use of a deli- 


up w 
Toe i 


care purple that can be seen 
again on the plant’s current 
production. Hochst is also dis- 
tinguished for its flower paint- 
ings, not only an large plates 
and bowls but also on snail 
pieces, and for its use of the 
combination of purple, green 
and gray. 

Vrlkroy Sc Bock, which 
identifies itself as Europe’s larg- 
est emmir maker, also traces 
its roots bade to the porcelain 
pioneer days of the 18th centu- 
ry. The company originated in 
1748 in a pottery started by 
Francois Bock and his three 
youngest children in Audin-le- 
Ticbe in Loosing, then part of 
Luxembourg. As VUlcroy & 
Bock, the company specialized 
in tableware. Although, in the 
last hundred years, the produc- 
tion volume of riles and sani- 
tary wares has overtaken that of 
tableware, the company conti- 
nues to cum out a. variety of 
artistic patterns to hrightm tar 
hies in homes and restaurants.' 

In the Franconian region of 
northern Bavaria, which is well 
populated with glass- and por- 
celain-making factories, two 
world-famous fi rm s are found- 
in the small town of Sdb. They 


are Hucschaueuther and Ro- 
senthal. = 

Hutschcnreutber, which is 
now in its 171sc year of.i 
tion (although its 
sicnthal subsidiary goes back to 
the year 1421), introduced this 
year what it «1U "a completely 
new idea for porcelain and 
glass” in the Maxim’s de Paris 
design created by Fkrre Cardin. 
Intended for urban ‘arid urbane 
users, the pattern is very simple, 
with oval forms and sweeping 
lines. There axe variations, bom 
a minimalisric plain soft white.' 
CO gold, trimming to .slight 
touches of color and a hint of a 
floral display for tbe Jacdin 
style. 

Rosenthal was founded in 
1880 by Philipp Rosenthal. 
New in Rosenthal's avant- 
garde Studio Line this year art 
the Flash tea service, described 
in the catalogue as "foe lovers 
of the unconventional,” by Tif- 
fany designer Dorothy Haber, 
and a reissue as a ceramic coffee 
set of fhe.Gxopiu5 Service, orig- 
inated by one of the leaders of 
the Banhaus movement. One of 
the first -coders for Gropius II- 
came from -Ncw-Yodds Metro-' 
pofican Museum of Arc. . 


The Musec des Arts Decocarifs, 
part of France’s largest private 
museum complex, can be con- 
sidered to be the guardian of 
French good taste through the 
ages. Furniture, silverware, 
wallpaper, fabrics, jewelry, folk 
art . . . even children's toys are 
featured in its enormous and 
cdectic archives. 

Nonetheless, the fine china 
and glassware collections are es- 
pecially note w ort h y. 

The glassware collection 
numbers 4,000 pieces. "As far as 
acknowledged masterpieces are 
concerned, works of great his- 
torical significance, I don’t 
think there is another museum 
collection that can put ours to 

sbamcT 



Above, 1937 Saint- 
Gobain radiator. Right, 
vase by Emile GaRL 
the arc-nouveau and art-deco 

periods. This is due in large 

says Assistant Glass pare to tbe singular history of 


Curator Jcan-Luc Olivie. 

While the collection stretch- 
es from antiquity to the present 
day, tbe greatest number of 
world-class treasures date from 


the museum, which was found- 
ed in the late 19th century by 
busi ne ss m en and manufacturers 
who wished to pr eserve and 
honor trance’s industrial and 


Vivid memories of her childhood inspired 
the young, talented Franciscan nun, 
Maria Innocentia Hummel. 

The inimitable “M.L Hu mm er figurines 
painstakingly adapted from her artwork 
have already made millions of friends among 
collectors around the world. You’ll discover the 
joy, too, when you look for authentic 
“M.L Hummel” collectibles with the Goebel 
backstamp at a fine gift shop near you. 



crafts heritage They were cm 
the spot and ready to make 
acquisitions during the great 
period of International Exposi- 
tions. In this manner the muse- 
um was able to construct a 
collection of 60 pieces by the 
famed art-nouveau master 

gig«makrr j f m iwiriw and fur- 
niture designer Emile Galle 
(1846-1904). 

The Galle glassware collec- 
tion at first included the mas- 
texwocks the Four Seasons Cup 
(1884) and die Epbcmeres Vase 
(1887). Subsequent gifts added 
tbe Orpheus swd Euridycc Vase 
(tbe jefatl of tbe 1889 Exposi- 
tion) and the African* Vase 
(1901), which Galle produced 
in homage to Joseph Rdnach. 

Other great French glass- 
makers of the 20th century arc 
represented too. Works by 
Rene Lalique (1860-1945) and 
Maurice Marinot (1902-1960) 


ate i n t er spe r sed with Tiffany, 
jKoepping, and Dammouse de- 
acons. 

C la s si c French crystal is not 
ignored either; there are numer- 
ous examples of Baccarat and 
Saint-Louis creations. (Both 
firms -woe founded in the mid- 
18th century.) . 

Porcelain began do appear in 
France in die late 17th century, 
at Saint-Cloud and Rouen, 
where it grew our of a strong 
pottery tradition. Those with 
limited rime to visit die muse- 
um might be advised to bead 
directly for tbe Louis XVI gal- 
leries, however. "The 18th cen- 
tury is truly the golden age of 
French porcelain,” says Curator 
G&ani Mabille, adding that the 
museum collection comprises 
several thousand examples. 

Works from- Chantilly 
(founded in 1725 by the Prince 
of Goode) can be traced from an 
early Oriental period to a more 
distinctly French style after 
1750. Mennccy (1737), Sceaux 
(1748) and Etiolles (1768) are 
well -represented, and there is 
an e xten sive grouping from 
Sevres, the royal manufacturer 
that was moved from Vin- 
cennes in 1756 at the instiga- 
tion of Madame de Pompadour. 

An-nouveau ceramics are 
also present. The works of Au- 
guste Delaherebc (1857-1940) 
and Ernest Chaplet (1837-1909) 
are especially significant. And 
the present-day glass and china 
collections are c o n tin uing to 
grow. "This is thanks in large 


part to the generos i ty of the 
Foods National des Arts Coo- 
oempocains,” says Olivie. 

The Centre du Vcrre, which 
opened in 1982, Is. also of spe- 
cial importance. "While there 
were many ceramics museums 
in France, nothing of compara- 
ble importance gristed in this 
country for the study of glass,” 
adds Olivie. 

Those who would like to 
bring a little of the museum 
home with them shook! visit 
rite sparkling new gift shop to 
the left of the main entrance at 
107, rue de RivolL As a private 
museum needs to generate 
funds for its survival in the 
1980s, tbe Musec des Acts De- 
coratifs embarked in an ex- 
tremely ambitious licensing and 
reissuing program in hopes of 
letting the extensive archives 
bdp pay for themselves. 

Of particular i n te r e st: : .die. . 
18th-century Pastorale porce- 
lain dinner servioe and the bhic- 
and-white Colonial service that 
was cast in the original .1925 
models by Lantemier of Li- 
moges. The Boire Grenoollle, 
c>r^ box, a hand-painted por- 
celain replica of a late lStb- 
century piece, makes a fine (and 
easily packable) gift. And' 
among a-wide selection of glass- 
ware, tbe Eiffel Tower candle- 
sticks are a standout . 

Mns£e des Arts D6cora- 
tifs, 107, Rue de Risoti, 
75001 Paris , . tel. 
42.60.32.14. Closed Mon- 
day and Tuesday. 


Goebel 


Bringing quality to life since 1871 



Toutes les grandes marques 
deporcelaine, 
crista], orfevrerie, cadeaux. 


LIMOGES UNIG 

la maison de renommee mondiale ■ 
32 et 58, rue de Paradis, Baris - 
Centre commercial, Pariy2 
. TO.: 47.7026.65 


Scheibe-Alsbach’s Figurines 
Recreate History 


. For 130 years now fine porce- 
lain has been manufactured in 
Schdbe-Alsbach,- East Germa- 
ny. From this mountain village 
in the Tharingian Forest it is 
exported throughout the world. 
- Ir wasonMzy 30, 1835, that 
.Louis Oels, a bookkeeper at the 
porcelain, factory in BLanken- 
•hain, near Weimar, petitioned 
Prince Friedrich Gunther von 
Scfawarzburg to grant him 
mission to start a porcelain 
may in Schtibe. The royal bu- 
reaucracy at tbe court in 
Rudoistadr cook a leisurely five 
years to. answer the petition. 
But in tbe meantime, since 
Oels had not. received au out- 
right rejection, he began to go 
into production. At first work 
was limited to painting, pre- 
manufactured pipe bowls. Soon 
OdY factory, which by rkrp 
bad hired 19 workers, began to 
make porcelain of its own: 

By the time Louis Ocls was 
awarded die porcelain conces- 
sion by the court in 1840, he. 
had already sold the factory in 
July of the previous year to 
Daniel Kampfe and Fticdc- 
mann Greiner. He had been 
forced to do so because of an- 
other bureaucratic .snag: the 
prince’s chamber had refused to 
allow him to obtain firewood. 
His successors, Kampfe and 
Greiner, eventually went out of 
business for the same reason, 
after having hired an additional 
30 workers. In 1844 they sold 
the factory to a Herr Diessd 
and Johann Fridrich Andreas 
Kister. 

The new owners seem to 
have been better able to- deal 
with the iriyal bureaucracy: the 


number of workers in 1847 was 
already up to 148. Even then 
the faooty owners were recog- 
nized for die high standard of 
their products. Their porcelain 
figures, which are still the fac- 
tory's main output, showed an 
ast onish ing quality of crafts- 
manship foa* - guaranteed good 

sales. By 1850 Schtibe was cbe 
only Thuringian factory to be 
making large quantities of figu- 
rative porcelain. 

Good raw materials, a very 
good porcelain mixture and 

complete mastery of glazing 
techniques make it possible ro 
bring our the smallest details. 
These advantages, teamed with 
the owners’ sensitivity to cus- 
tomers' needs, have given die 
Schtibe manufacturers a firm 
market position. 

In the 18605 the company 
expanded ics product range, 
which had been dominated by 
devotional items and toys, ro 
include life-size busts of writers 
and composers. The master- 
pieces of the 1880s and 1890s 
were ma of biscuit porcelain 
and painted in subtle colors. In 
the 1890s August Wilhem Fri- 
dolin Kister, the son of Johann 
Friedrich Andreas Kister and 
sole owner of the factoty since 
1863, began to concentrate on a 
new genre: the reproduction of 
details of famous paintings as 
freestanding porcelain groups. 
The favorite subjects were 
paintings by David, Watteau 
and ocher French artists. Fam- 
ous women such as Madame 
Recamicr, Madame de Pompa- 
dour and Marie Antoinette as 
well as dancing couples, female 
dancers and scenes horn society 


were also models for porcelain 
figures in die last decade of the 
19th century. 

As a result rhe small, oncc- 
ignored factory in the upper 
SchwarzataJ was soon estab- 
lished on the world market. A 
number of medals and prizes at 

national and international exhi- 
bitions of the period testify to 
the high artistic value of 

Scheibe-Alsbach’s production. 

The success of KJ seer's fac- 
tory, with showrooms in Ham- 
burg, Berlin, Paris, Milan, Am- 
sterdam and Vienna, took the 
competition by surprise This 
success was the result of an 
independent and well-directed 
policy that did not take Meissen 
as a prototype, but instead pur- 
sued an individual style. In 
1905, A.W.F. Kister sold the 
factory to his son-in-law, a Herr 
Offency. The business then be- 
came a formal company under 
the name AWF. Kister. 

Schtibe- Alsboch went on to 
become partly state-owned in 
1962. It was completely ac- 
quired by cbe stare in 1972 and 
became parr of the VEB Vercin- 
igte Zicrporzellanwerke Lichte. 
Today the company goes by die 
name of Porzdlanmanufakrur 
Schribe-Alsbach GmbH. 

Schtibe-Alsbach’s collection 
of forms is constantly expanded 
with new models, mostly creat- 
ed by the talented hands of 
Heinz Schober. E x p erienced 
clfilleH workers, supported by a 
talented young staff, provide 
the guarantee char Schtibe- Als- 
bach will remain highly re- 
spected throughout the world 
rot its unique and valued 
artwork. 


China and Glass 

at Paris’s Museum of Decorative Arts 



A set of 
Henckels 
Zwilling 
knives. 


earned a patent for a new hard- 
ening process it called Priodvr. 
This is a way erf using ice h ar d- 
e n ing to achieve the . maximum 
rust resistance and sharpness 
along cutting edges. All Hen- 
ckels Zwilling knives ate creat- 
ed with this process. 

In 1976 tbe company intro- 
duced a new generation of 
forged cook’s knives, designed 
in cooperation with leading 
professional chefs. These knives 
are perfectly balanced and have 


rounded butts for easier han- 
dling. They arc marketed as the 
Four Star Knives and can be 
bought individually or as a set. 

Henckds Zwilling kitchen 
shears are truly all-purpose and 
can be used to cut flowers, 
string or even carpets as well as 
to remove bottle caps. 

Henckels Zwilling produces 
are marketed in Germany and 
some of its neighboring coun- 
tries in the company’s own 
ch a in of 24 retail stores. 


German 


WMF is one of the German 
hrand names whose fane has 
spread around the world: The 
initials of die Wurttcmberg 
Metalware Factory appear on a 
wide range of artidcs made by! 
the. company’s different: divi- 
sions: cutioy, gift, fad glass- 
ware; cookware and house- , 
wares; and hoed gfas and 
tableware, coffee machines, po- 
ly styrol disposables and busi- 
nessgifes. There arc 91 fartbay- 
owned ictal ■ stores in larger 
G erman dries.- . . 

For die consumer, WMF 
makes cutlery In solid silver as 
well af in diver place, gold 
plate, stainless seed (under die 
Cromargan trademark) and ma- : 
renal combinations. Table and . 
gift-ware pome in gold plate,: 
silver place, Oomazgan stain- 
less seed, pewter awl material' 
combinations. There are . also 
drinking and decorative glassy 


Cutlery by 
\Robbedc 
. Berking. 


and crystal ware, .stemware, 
bowls^ vases, candlesticks and 
other items. * ■; 

^#MF. has launched fa Gal- 
lexia this year as die firm enters 
a new field: imaginatively and 
creatively styled gift items, The 

faricasj^'aid ice bockEts^and 
champagne codex - - 



solid silver and silver-plate cut- 
lery. R&B is Germany’s largest 
of genuine silver table 
wenals. The company notes 
Proudly that ‘K models ate not 
based on the possibilities — and 
knms-7-<rf automated mass pro- 
ducrion, but reflect R&Fs best 
artistic and silversmithing ahflj- . 
tic s. 

• B&B has created a new line. 

■ * Seeking,-, a silver. Edo, of slender dining utensils 

w«e :maker since; 1874, has made expressly for die small 
aduevcd.an international rep*' delicate portions of Houve&ad- 
-taripn rot high-quafity products . fare Edo has already won an 
Which are almost, exclusively award for design. 7 



Albert Madrrinet 


34, RUE DE PARADIS, 
PARIS lOe.TfiLi 47.7034.59 




Henckels Zwillingswerk: 
On the Cutting Edge 

On June 13, 1731, Johann Peter 
Henckds registered, the trade- 
mark for his new Zwilling com- 
pany with the Cuders’ Guild in 
the German town of Solingen. 

Since a patent office had not yet 
been established,- Hendcels’s 
registrat i on was announced, in 
the local churches: .. . 

Since then, foe mare.' than 
250 years, the twins hxvc.been 
the company's symbol (Zmil - . 
mg is the German word for 
twin.) Today the agn of the ; 
twins is found on knives, scis- 
sors, sh e ar s , flatware and mani- 
cure sets exported bo some 100 
countries. In the seven most 
important retail markets, in the 
United Stares and Japan and 
also in Western Europe, 

Henckds Zwilling has set up 
its own sales organizations. - 

A reputation for top quality 
has made this one of the world’s 
leading cutlery manufacturers. 

Constant quality control is 
maintained during production. 

A single knife, for example, 
passes through an average of 40 
different reages in the produc- 
tion process. A pair of shears 
needs around 60. Most of this 
‘weak is still done by-hand. 

The company is.conreandy 
improving ics products. In 
1939, Henckds Zwilling ob- 


ff 


¥ 












INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 


Page 11 




ADVERTISING SECTION 


ADVERTISING SECTION 


of British China 


After the difficulties of the ear- 
'* ly 1960s, when die -recession 
caused many famous Stafford- 
shire potteries ro cu t 'hack cox 
production, British rabkware 
.sties ace again booming. 

! A ky factor in this r e co v er y 
js.the favorable Aiflar exchange 
vise, which has boosted direct 
exports to the United States. It 
has. also increased soles- to 
Americans vadmobiog in dae 
United Kingdom, for whom 
. "typically En glish* *- chinaware 
hag always been a favorite holi- 
day souvenir. This is reflected 
in the growing levels of busi- 
ness ar airport shops, where . 
travelers can cake advantage of 
. tax- and duty-free concessions. 

. The Royal Doulron group, 
for instance, reckons that about 
3 percent of their coral annual 
turnover of £130 million ($182 
million) is now done in the 
duty-free sector, which they re- 
gard as a major gr o w t h area for 
die late 1980s, while Wedg- 
wood has trebled its duty-free 
turnover in the fast two years. 

- Sales copping £146 million a 
year make Wedgwood easily 
the biggest ceramics concern in 
Britain, and chairman Sir Ar- 
thur Bryan notes that all the. 
group’s 1$ production plants 
are now working virtually at 
full capacity, while a new £3- 
million factory now nearing 
completion will be exclusively 
devoted to hotel and catering 
ware. 

Though most famous for the 
cameo-decorated jasper wa re 
first introduced in 1774, Wedg- 
wood today produces every type 
of ceramic item, from bathroom 
w ashbasins , sold under the 
Johnson Bros, brand name, to 
the finest bone china such as 
the specially designed services 
used aboard the Concorde. 

Recent export orders for this 


. Right, Old Country 
Roses tableware design 
by Royal Albert. Far 
. right, , Concorde bone 
china tableware by \ 
V • Wedgwood. Below' 

' ... Thomas the Tank 
• ■ Engine & Friends 
nurseryware collection : 
by WedgwootL 



name of rhe game for Royal 
Worcester/Spode, now part of 
the LCR International group, 
who have just completed a £12- 
millipn improvement scheme ar 
their Worcester factory and 
during 1983 spent £630,000 on 
promotion within the United 
Kingdom alone. 



division of Wedgwood include 
54p00 items in 13 shapes for Sri 
Lanka's Air Lanka and a milli on 
items in an exclusive hexagonal 
design featuring the falcon logo 
to be used in Gulf Air’s First 
and Business Cass cabins. 

One of the reasons Wedg- 
wood is so successful in secur- 
ing major overseas catering 
contracts fa their insistence on 
high performance. The 1983 
lines indude chinaware guaran- 
teed to be dishwasher-, freezer- 
and microwave-safe. 

An interesting example of 
the -way Wedgwood likes to 
many hi-tech with tradition are 


the designs by Susie Cooper 
Cooper, now aged 82, was one 
of the design revolutionaries of 
the art-deco era, and the simple 
shapes and strong colors of the 
Florida pattern, with its empha- 
sis on oranges and yellows, 
dearly evoke that period. 

Other mg rn iwnmm arc 
once again emphasizing more 
fHifan* designs, yvh as Poole 
Pottery's new Mdbury lines 
with its pale-blue and beige 
floral patterns. 

Watercolor tones are also to 
be found in Wedgwood’s Ma- 
son’s Ironstone WarerlUy line, 
a collection offe r ed both as a 


traditional six-p face dinner ser- 
vice or a 21-piece tea service. 

It can also be bought by the 
piece, since the habit of buying 
a complete service all at. once fa 
breaking down. 

Houses chat do big business 
with the Middle East find that 
their customers want more 
plat**, cups and <pmnws in <*arh 
sec. *TDinncr services of up to 
131 pieces with latger-than-av- 
erage serving plates are the 
norm for this marker” says 1 
spokesman for the UJK. divi- 
sion of Coming, which e xp o m 
their Pyrex brand of dear oven- 


The Enduring Appeal of Hummel 


One of Germany’s most famous 
exports this year celebrates its 
30th anniversary. The product 
fa the popular Hummel figure. 

The pummel figure had its 
world premiere at the Leipzig 
Trade Fair in 1933. The chub- 
by-cheeked porcelain children 
were an immediate success. 
Htimmd figure number one, a 
• link boy playing a violin to his 
ear-cocked dog, now has more 
than 430 companions. Hummel 
figures can be found ax the 
bases of lamps, in C hr ist m as 
nativity scenes and on plaques, 
bells and, since 1971, on a series 
of annual plates. Oi i kfl i ke an- 


gels and Madonna figures have 
joined the family. 

- The romantic figurines have 
found a welcome in many 
homes, especially in the United 
States. Each year the town of 
Eaton, Ohio holds a Hummel 
Festival, attracting some 30,000 
collectors who come to swap, 
buy and sell. . 

Eaton fa a sister dty of R& 
'dental, the small town in the 
Franconian region of northern 
Bavaria where the W. Goebel 
Porcelain Factory produces the 
Hummd figures. Despite the 
strong demand, Hummels are 
still assembled by hand. For the 


Plaza ■ elegant cooking for elegant dining 



Goebel turns an everyday meal into an occasion 


OF THfcJ 

WORLD 



J.A.HENCKELS 
ZWILLINGSWERK AG 

P.OlBox 100864 ■ D-5650 Solingen 1 
Telephone (0212) 882-1 ■ Telex 8514713 


nranpliramd figures, rkis in- 
volves potting together more 
than 30 separate parts. 

The Hummel is ramvH after 
Berta Hummel, who was bon 
in Bavaria in 1909. The signa- 
ture MX Hummel is based on 
her name after she became a 
Catholic nun: Sister Maria In- 
nooenria Hummel. • 

' Her drawings and sketches 
were and remain the inspiration 
for the figurines and all other 
Hummd figures. 

Showing artistic talent even 
as a child, Bata Hummd en-. 
rolled in the Munich Academy 
of Applied Arts ar the age of 18. 


friends with two nuns who 
were also studying in Munich. 
After graduating four years fac- 
et, she entered the convent of 
the same older as the two nuns, 
a Franciscan order of reaching 
nuns based near the Blade 
Forest. 

later, as Sister Maria Inno- 
oenria, she hdped raise money 
for her order by selling some of 
ha artworks as postcards. 
These pictures of little children 
came to the attention of Franz 
Goebel, a member of the fourth 
generation of his family to own 
and manage the porcelain fac- 
tory bearing the family came. 

Gocbd was then looking foe 
a rheme for a new line of figu- 
rines. He consulted with his 
two master sculptors to be sure 
that the postcard children could 
be turned into threrxlimension- 
al porcelain figurines, and then 
arranged a licensing a gr eement 
with the convent granting his 
factory the right to make and 
distribute the adaptations of 
Sister Maria Innocenria’s wade. 

The convent retained full ar- 
tistic control. The artist-nun 
even went to the Goebd factory 
to oversee the translation of ha 
creations from paper to ceram- 
ic It is because of the standards 
she set then tiw die Hummels 
are still made by hand. Even 
today, 30 years lata, when a 
new figure fa created, artists and 
managers from die Gocbd 
plant take the work to the con- 
vent as it fa being developed. 

Sister Maria Innocentia died 
in November 1946 ar the age 
of 37. Six had been suffering 
from tuberculosis, bur appar- 
ently doe disease had not prop- 
erly diagnosed until it was too 
late. 

However, even today, ha 
drawings still serve as the pat- 
tern when new Hummd fig- 
ures are arared 

In the production process, 
each figurine starts as a number 
of pans (many have 20 such 
parrs and sane, as mentioned, 
as many as 30). Each part fa cast 
individually and then final to- 
gether to form a complete figu- 
rine. They arc then fired — at 
first at 1,140 degrees centigrade 
— then glazed, then fired again. 
The link white figures are now 


ready foe a more colorful ap- 
pearance. 

Not only are the Hummd 
figurines painted by hand, die 
paintbrushes themselves are 
handmade, with special atten- 
tion being paid to (he fine bris- 
tles in cadi brush. 

Painting these .figurines 
takes many steps. Here, too, the 
artist-nun’s original drawings 
serve as the model. The painters 
at the Goebd plant can dip 
their brushes into more than 
2fiO0 shades of ceramic paint to 
produce exactly the right cone. 
After they are painted, the figu- 
rines are glazed and put back in 
the kiln again, this rime at 


1,020 degrees centigrade. 

The company insists chat the 
Hummels being made today 
look exactly like the ones that 
woe turned out years ago as 
well as those that will be made 
in the years to come. That, coo, 
fa pare of die trademark. 

Goebd malrry more than 
Hummels. The company start- 
ed in 1871, producing black- 
boards, pencils and toy marbles. 
Soon it was turning out china 
tableware in its first factory at 
the base of the Coburg Castle. 
The son of die founder success- 
fully expanded into foreign 
markets, with the United Scares 
remainfogone of the firm’s best 
customers. 

The next generation went in 
so strongly roc developing' the 
product range that Max Louis 


became known as "Novelty 
Goebd" at the Leip- 
zig Trade Fait. 

Many wdl-known Goman 
illustrators have wodeed on pro- 
jects for Goebel as the company 
expanded die variety of its col- 
lections. Walt Disney saw his 
sketches turned into ceramics at 
Gocbd, too. 

The Goebd name today can 
be found on Ma Cuisine cutlery 
and cast-iron cooking ranges fm 
amateur and professorial chefs, 
a new collection of crystal beer 
glasses and the Plaza dinner 
service with a matching set of 
drinking gla«e< Among its 
many other products the com- 
pany includes sculptures and re- 
liefs in styles distinctly different 
from die Hummels. The name 
"Novdw Goebd" srifl applies, 
a fact of which rise company is 
proud 


since 1865 


’pitTrrF 
w'i r r r r 
cl itLEJLL. 


ihe tableware specialist 

LIMOGES CHINA, 
LAUQUE, BACCARAT, 
DAUM, SAINT-LOUIS^ 

AUVASEETRUSQUE 

1 7, place de la Madeleine - Paris 8* 


ware extensively to the Middle 
Ease. 

Coming reports strong sales 
to Saudi Arabia, where such 
sets are popular as take-home 
gifts for pilgrims who have 
completed the Haj. 

For overseas sales dear glass 
fa still the first choice, but in 
the United Kingdom the cur- 
rent trend is to make glass 
ovtnware items look as mudi as 
possible like fine china. 

Indeed, from a home- fashion 
point of view, there is a definite 
swing away from the chunky 
"peasant" lodes favored in the 
1970s. Specialists in this type of 
style, like Denby, are currently 
revamping lines to produce a 
more refined appearance. 

In o v en ware nowadays a 
man datory item for British do- 
mestic sales fa the fluted-edged 
quiche dish Similarly , Daiting- 
mn Glass says that dishes spe- 
cially designed to hold half avo- 
cado pears or single cobs of 
roasted com and sold individ- 
ually bared are now among the 
best-selling small wedding gifts 
oo the British domestic market. 

Informal taring habits, too, 
have produced a massive up- 


turn in the sale of mugs, the 
switch from traditional cup- 
and-saucer to call beaker shapes 
reflecting that the bulk of Brit- 
ain's under-3Qs now drink more 
coffee rfr»an tea. 

The Royal Doulron group 
has had continuing success 
with rhrir Royal Albert Old 
Country Roses pattern, which 
to date has sold more chan 70 
million pieces. The pattern, 
which Royal Doulron says has 
worldwide appeal, probably 
re p r ese n ts those people’s idea of 
"typically English traditional 
bone china.” In fact the pattern 
was introduced as recently as 
1962, and although it was al- 
ways designer Harold Hold- 
crest’s ambition to create a pe- 
rennial best-seller, initially Old 
Country Roses was a very slow 
mover and needed heavy pres- 
sure from the makers to get it 
retail exposure. "Once it started 
to move, however, sales steadily 
snowballed and are still grow- 
ing on a global basis” says a 
s pokesman for Royal Doulron. 

Always keen to stimulate die 
marker with topical as well as 
traditional designs, this year 
Royal Doulron brought out no 


fewer chan 200 new gift-ware 
icons and 19 new designs in 
tableware. Their faith in the 
future fa under writ ten by a £1- 
million development program. 

Development is also the 


This year Royal Worcester/ 
Spodc brought out 13 new ra- 
blcware patterns and, as luxury 
gifts, introduced an exclusive 
series of limited-edition eggs. 
Only 25 are for sale within 
Britain, while another 25 will 
go to the Middle East and the 
United States. 

Limited-edition pieces have 
also broken new ground in the 
fancy-ceramics line of Wedg- 
wood, who tlus year employed 
fashion designer David Shilling 
to create a series of Ascot Lady 
figurines. Priced at £99-50 in 
the United Kingdom, they 
come in editions of a thousand. 
They arc made and marketed by 
the Coal port division. 


New Line of Exclusive China 
created by a worldwide known artist. 

End re Szasz in Hollohaza, Hungary 

individual hand painted 



Exported by KONSUMEX 

Hungarian Foreign Trade Company 
1441 Budapest P.O.B. 58. 

XIV., Hun^aria krt. 162. 

Tel.s 036/1/530-511. 

Telex: 22-51-51; 22-51-52. 



30 bis, rue de Paradis, 75010 Paris. Tel. (1) 47 70 64 30 

(thru the archway) 


^accakat 























































r. .i- . 







•I , a ; 


; 

“. :!'»• 


-e 

-i 


1 L t 


•n 


.>■ 




Hcralb^S^Sribunc, 


BUSINESS / FINANCE 


pMONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 


Page 13’ 



of 


Eurobond Yields 

for Wnlc Uid Nov. 27 

U.&S (g trim, inn Inst __ 

U_Si ions tvmu Ind. 

U-SJ medium term, Ind. i. 
CaM medium term ____ 
Prencti Fr. short term — 

Sterling medium term 

Yen medium term, inn Inst 

Yen la term, Int'l Inst. 

ECU start term , , , ■ 

ECU medium term _____ 
ecu ions term. . 

EU A Ions term 


LuxF med term tnfl Inst. 

LuxF medium term 

CtUcuMJtrd hr Ita Liocmmb an Stock E»- 


1021 % 
IOjM % 
.1042 % 
1078 % 
1042 % 
1077 % 
AA 5 % 
AM % 
879 % 
971 % 
977 % 
8.90 % 
945 % 
979 % 


Market Turnover 

Far Week Ended Nov. 29 

(Minora of US. Donors) 

NotMtodar 
Total DoOor Bwhraieat 
Cedel 21/44940 1540440 . 544440 
Eurod ear 424S140 3754170 541040 


Investors’ Faith Is Shaken 
In U.S. Corporate Issues 

£ ! By CARL GEW3CBT2 

International Herald Tribune ■ 

ARK — U.S. certiorate bonds, once the darting 
investors in the Eurobond market, are rapidly losing tb 
luster as safe, simple, .solid securities. In their place today 
are sovereign and supranational issuers th*r traditionally 
were never regarded as bluer than a blue-chip American corpota- 
•fion. 

5 The reassessment began 17 months ago, when the United 
^States removed the wi thholding tax on interest in c ome paid to 
■foreign investors — a move that opened the domestic government 
jfood market to international investors. 

But recent developments are accelerating the reappraisal. The 
latest jolt steins from a ruling »■■■ — — 

3by a Texasjury fining Texaco 

'510.53 bilHon and the com- 
Ipany’s subsequent warning 
.that the size of the penalty 
•might drive it to seek protec- 
tion from creditors under 
Chapter 11 of the U-S. bank- 
ruptcy code. 

<’ By themselves. Texaco's 
:lcgal woes should have no 
'impact other than on its own 
■jeomties. But coming as it 
^does in a year of wild merger 
-activity marked by sudden 
'Sharp credit downgradings, 

-the Texaco debacle is further 
•shaking investor confidence 
3n the security of US. corpo- 
: rate debt 

Too often this year inves- 
tors have awakened to find 

4hat the triple-A or double-A bonds they had bought were 
! suddenly less secure and worth less after takeover defense battles 
-or management buyouts that left the companies crippled with a 

• mountain of new debt 

-■ This dectine in confidence is measurable, and the data shows it 

• has increased sharply in the past two weeks. 

'- If ATA compiled by Salomon Bros, show that in the 12 
'-.I I months through July 1984, when the withholding tax was 
: ^removed, yields on 10-year U.S. corporate Eurobonds 

•averaged 39 bads points less than U.S. government paper while 
"yields an supranational issues were 11 bads points over Treasur- 

■ Jes. In other words, investors then were willing to accept U.S. 
‘ corporate Eurobonds at a yield that was 50 bads points, or half a 
^percentage point, lower than the Eurobonds of the World Bank; 
-The European Investment Bank and other supranational insti tu- 
itions. 

- By the beginning of this year, the 1 2-month average compiled 
'.by Salomon Brothers showed the U5. corporates holding a scan! 

lead of three basis paints over supranationals. . 

By September^ that had been reversed. The average yield on 10- 
" year U.S. corporate debt rated dotdde-A or better was 10 to 15 

• basis points above sup ranationals and in the past two weeks this 
'tins widened further to 30 bads paints. 

This did not deter U.S. companies from tapping the market last 
'week. 

The pricing cm the issues for Philip Morris, a singlo-A credit, 

- indicated no recognition of the declaring status of U.S. corpo- 
; rates. The company issued $300 miTh on of four-year, 9tt-percent 

■ notes at a price of 1001 k, and $200 million of 10 -year, 10 -percent 
•'bonds at a price of 99%. . . 

< The t£cms were 'generally regarded as' far too ungenerous^ 
although not for lead manager Union Bank of Switzerland, which 
placed half the issue itself. 

By contrast, a double-A rated 10-year issue for Olympia & 
York Maiden Lane Finance carried a coupon of 10% percent and 
•an issue price of 99%. 

This issue and $160-million of 15-year bonds offered by Fisher 

■ Brothers Financial Realty are the first real-estate backed bonds 
■' sold in this market. 

•“ The bonds are backed by commercial p roper ti es in New Yodc 
.'and the rental payments provide the income to service the debt 

• -In the event of default bondholders have no claim cm Olympia & 
:• York or Fisher Brothers but only title to the property. 

Both issues include surety bonds, which give additional protec- 
;:tion to bondholders that the cash flow wiB be sufficient to service 
' the debt. As a result both issues have been rated double-A by 
; Standard & Poor's. 

- ' Nevertheless, because of the complicated novel structure, the 
bonds were priced generously — 80 basis points over comparable 
Treasury yields for Olympia and, given the longer maturity, 94 
basis prants over for Fisher. This extra yield cm double-A quality 

(Cautioned on Page 15, CoL 1) 


Last Week's Markets 

AH figures ore as of dose of trading Friday 


v Stock Indexes 

Money Rates 



'Doited States 


Unfeed States i 

•edvk. 

Prttfjn. 

T.’- LcatWk. 

Pnv.Wfe. cm 

Discount rate 

7Vi 

7fe 

■CU Indus — 1471 JO 

144433 +050% 

1 

f 

f 

9 

6fe 

-DJ Util 16403 

146.14 — U0% 


9V» 

9fe 

•CiJ Trans.— MU1 

68294 +1.10% 

■hnm 



S&P100 — 19543 

19480 +040% 

MO 4. flU % 


5 

5 

j™ r 3UU — Mbit) 

UYSECp 11455 

4M1 J* TUnKlie 

11034 +9.30% 

Call money 

7% 

7fe 

Sura: MerrWLnA Paris 


40-dcry Interbank 

to 

to 

IBritain. 


West Germany 

L irmfry* 


;m 

FTSE 100— 1439 JO 

145000 —074% 

Overman! _______ 

540 

NA 

FT 30 1141 JO 

1131.90 +036% 

1 -month Interbank 

485 

HA. 

v; 


Britain 



Hong Kong 


B«mk tew rate 

life 

life 

[UonoSans. 171495 

171200 +044% 

Coll money 

11% 

11% 

'Jmea 


3-month Interbank— . 

life 

11 11/64 

Nikkei DJ 1Z763J0 

127S9J3 +003% 

Dofar LulWk. Pravjek. 

arm 

West Germany 


Bk Enel Index _ 12630 

12750 

—094% 

comment* 172 MO 

177340 —270% 




■Surer Jama Q»W4 Co, UnOxi 

London Pum. fix. S 32530 

•ram 

—037% 



Hues 


Nor. 39 



t 

■ 

DM. 

F8=, 

ILL 

cue. 

BP. 

fcF. 

Yen 

Amsterdam 

2826 

419 

11249- 

34845- 

1WS7* 

— 

M*4- 

13581- 

1398*v 

Brenefsbr) 

sue 

7548 

202J7S 

6447 

UK- 

mam 

— 

21505 


Frankfort 

2513 

1727 

— . 

3277 * 

1865 X 

mu- 

4927* 

DU' 

L2415- 

UmMji (b) 

149 

__ 

S74 

IV* 

2549J0 

ons 

75925 

1090 

30080 

MHae 

lifoUO 

20 78# 

67*80 

22235 

— 

*0470 

rum 

US so 

851 

NevYort(c) 

___ 

06711 u 

2514 

786$ 

V71V09 

2834 

5180 

m 

20230 

Port* 

7464S 

I1JB 

Uffl 

_ 

44B75X 

27124 

1194 " 

sum 

17895* 

Tokyo 

Si At 

29736 

7952 

inn 

me- 

7032 

38JJ9- 

9U5 

— 

Zurich 

UTS 

10957 

6289$ * 

27.155- 

0.1215- 

71*35- 

40674- 

— 

18297- 

1 ECU 

18777 

19H 

HOW 

*329 

1JBU6 

24813 

447836 

18271 

177565 

1 SOB 

unit 

173725 

NA 

U7X7S 

N.Q, 

38894 

557308 

237*7 

228284 


c unmc y nr 
Soviet raMc 


Ctos/nej tn London and Zurich. fixities fn other European emtan. New York rotes at 4 PM. 
tot Co mmerckH franc (bl Amounts neede d to bvr one pound M AmotpU* need ed to buy one 
Honor a UnHscnootx) UrtcsetlJOO(v) Uidfsot UM>KQ~- netqvoM; NA.-notovrrilaMe. 
<*) To Urns one pound: SUSJJ9 

OOer Dollar Value* 

Cermet pot mt C ur re n cy Mr IIU CumaKV nr 
Aiwo.aMtrol 040 Flo. martdtn 545 Mol peso 

UM.I I44M Gnckdrac 19140 Norw. krone 

AaDr.KML 1745 Hoe* KOBO* 7J0 PWLpew 

Beh.Ba.lr. $ 173 ImtkarwM 12.11 PortCMndo 

Brarilcm. 9.10040 ladarwUi 1,12100 SonArfyel 

CaaMoas US MAE 04847 Stae.$ 

nihMUBW 12015 isncNddL 14000 S S, Air. mod 

OHamm 9.135 Kmmti maor tan VKer.wa 

EMEM 1JS5 Motor, rtno. Z420S 

EShrttna; 1712 IrtaOr t 

Aomts: Honour du Brook a (Brussels); Banco C om m or datr 
«■«*» dr Porta IPorfaH Bonk * Tokyo {Tokyo); IMP (SDR). 

Gnoant tauUr). Othe r doio t ram Rtutors ond ap. 


DAS 

40740 

15B4 

1 U 0 

16000 

34509 

10955 

24810 

00079 


itaoana tMDonl ; , 

BAH (dinar, rlyat Orhorn); 


■Krona 
Taiwan i 
Thai haM 
Turkish Ora 
MEdMcm 
VMlMSt. 


UAS 

0764 

15640 

7445 

J9J9 

24095 

S7JB 

86723 

1S2S 


Woohcorfh Stakes Its Future on Specialty Shops 


Bat Bisks Exist 
In Move From 
Variety Stores 

By Isadorc Barraash • 

•• - New York Times Service 

■ NEW YORK — Their names 
are hardly household words. Her- 
ald Square Stationers.. Frame 
Scene. The Rx Place. Kids Mart 
Athletic Ssoe Factory. But if the 
gamble taken by their parent 
pays off, thty may add luster to a 
name that is, in fact, known in' 
practically every American 
household: Woohvorth. 

. The 106-year-old F.W. Wool- 
. worth Co., winch tons the largest 
U.S. chain of variety stores, is 
staking mudh of its future on 
small stcres that offer almost no 
variety at alL 

**Vety quietly, Wodworth has 
become one of the retail mrina- 
try*s two or three largest opera- 
tras of specialty stores," said Stu- 
art M. Robbins, an analyst who 
cavers the company at Donald- 
son, Lufkin & Janette Securities 
Corp. 

Woolworth is not the only vari- 
ety chain that has been venturing 
into qiecialty stores. Bat it is tak- 
ing the largest strides. It already 



HvNw/Yo'fcTpi 

Frame Scene, a specialty store developed by Woolworth under its chai rman, John Lynn. 


ty chain*, Kinney Shoe and Rich- 
man Brothere men’s dmlring. as 
well as some others not so well- 
known. 

Woolworth also has started 
some specialty stores abroad over 
the past two years. - 

By the end of the current fiscal 
year, it expects to have added 562 
new specialty stores since 1982. 
Its goal by the mJ of the fiya l 


year 1986 is for the specialty 
shops to produce the bulk of the 
company's sales and profits. 

The strategy — which at Wool- 
worth involves splitting profit- 
able variety-store departments 
into shops of their own, as well as 
making specialty acquisitions — 
is fakmg shape as available sites 
for the sp ra w li ng variety stores 
dry up as their costs soar. - 

“There is a great opport u nity 
in specialty stores because they 
produce at least a 10 -percent 
higher operating profit than the 
huge stores,” said John W. Lynn, 
Woolworlh’s chairman and chief 
executive officer. And, he added, 
“the specialty stare doesn't face 
die intent discounter competi- 
tion that the larger stares do.” 

Bui Woohrarth’s big pash into 
specialty shops has its odes. Two 
previous ventures away from its 
variety format faded in the Unit- 
ed States — WooJco discount 


outlets miri J. Bnmnam discount 
apparel stores. 

Mr. Lynn insists that the cur- 
rent campaign to open specialty 
shops, which has already resulted 
in 14 new groups of stores, is 
based on some of the company’s 
strengths. 

“Our specialty stores focus on 
product lines in winch we've got 
more than 100 years of experi- 
ence,” he said. “Also there’s the 
dose working relationship with 
suppliers whom we’ve known for 
years and our longtime rapport 
with shopping center developers, 
which helps us obtain suitable 
locations vay quickly. This, in 
Uirn, enft t he time needed to eval- 
nate anew store’s results, and we 
ram modify our plans according- 
ly." 

The most successful of the 
start-up ventures, Afterthoughts, 
is a (main that features mostly 
jewelry, handbags and other 


women’s accessories. It was start- 
ed last April with a shop in Co- 
Iambus, Ohio. Sincg then, ri ght 
more outlets have opened in re- 
gional shopping centers and a to- 
tal of 50 are planned for the Unit- 
ed States »vl C-maHa by the end 
of the year. 

“Sales are 30 percent above oar 
expectations," Mr. Lynn said. 
“We hope to have 100 of thpm if 
the sales trend continues — they 
don't cost much to open.” 

Another startup, Frame Scene, 
also has opened in Columbus. An 
outgrowth of several hot depart- 
ments in the Woolworth variety 
stores, the shop concentrates on 
picture frames, posters «nd mir- 
rors. Two more stores are 
planned for next year. 

A third group, which started 
last month with stores in Dallas 
and Jacksonville, Florida, »«k«« 
its name from Woolworth’s long- 
(Continoed on Page 15, CoL 1) 


U.S. Economy 
Strengthening, 
Purchasers Say 


Singapore 
Suspends 
Stock Trades 

Compiled by Ow Staff From Dieprscka 

SINGAPORE — The Stock Ex- 
change of Srngap nrft said Sunday 
that all trading will be suspended 
be ginning Monday to prevent pan- 
ic selling after a major industrial 
venture was pot into receivership. 

The ikriww came after banks 
and other creditors failed to work 

OUt ft financial package to ICSCOe- 

Pan-Electric- Industries LtcL, a 
large investment hoMing group 
with debts of more than 350 nrilHoa 
Singapore dollars (S167 million). 

The exchange chairman, Ong 
TJin An said that suspension was 
eroected to last far a few days to 
allow “die people to digest the situ- 
ation.” The action was necessary, 
he said, because “shares might fall 
and that’s what we’re trying to pre- 
vent.” 

The Singapore exchange also 
asked'the Kuala Lumpur Stock Ex- 
change, where many Singapore 
companies are quoted, to consider 

similar action, he said. 

Pan-Etoctric, with 68 subsidiar- 
ies in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Ber- 
muda, Brunei and Britain, said tbe 
appointment of a recover will al- 
low more time to restructure the 
company, but it gave no details. 

A creditors’ steering committee 
had been discussing Pan-Electric’s 
problems for the past week in an 
effort to avert what could be Singa- 
pore’s biggest corporate collapse. 
The banks' statement said that a 
receiver was appointed Saturday 
“with extreme reluctance and after 
exploring every possible alterna- 
tive.” 

The banks reportedly considered 
taking up shares in Pan-Electric 
worth about half the amount the 
company owed them. That propos- 
al was reported to have faded. 

Industry sources said a total col- 
lapse of toi-EIectric would have a 
serious effect on Singapore's econ- 
omy, which already is officially 
forecast to shrink by 2 percent this 
year. 

Trading in shares of Pan-Bectric 
and two related companies was sus- 
pended Nov. 19 cxi the Singapore 
exchange. The Straits Tunes Indus- 
trial InHgy has fallen from 
758.93 points to 691.81 at the dose 
of trading Friday. 

Pan-Electric began in 1960 as a 
manufacturer of electrical products 
with capital of 80 million dollars. It 
later branched out into s hippin g. 


EMS Role in Treaty of Rome Studied EIXSSE 

» nrfnKpr 1071 tufuan it n\ 


Agenco France-Prtsse 

LUXEMBOURG — The 
ble inclusion of the Europe 
etary System in the Treaty of 
Rome, which founded the Europe- 
an Community in 1957, was the 
subject of tough negotiation here 
Sunday ahead of ths EC summit 
meeting Monday and Tuesday. 

On the fin»> day of governmental 
preparations for the meeting, for- 
eign nrinistera were debating a pro- 
posal from the ECs executive 
Commission to include the EMS 
arrangements in the treaty. 

Such a step, fr was suggested, 
would be a move toward future 

mnnftary imi/ w wi thin the Rrwrmrn - 

nity. 

Diplomatic sources said that 
West Germany and Britain were 
continuing to express reservations 
about the inclusion of the EMS in 
the treaty. 

The sources said Britain’s for- 
eign secretary. Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
argued that it would be better to 
begin by putting the existing treaty 
into full effect before modifying it. 

Sr Geoffrey was referring to die 
restrictions by some EC govern- 
ments an the movement of capital 
within the community and the de- 


velopment of the European Cur- 
rency Unit. 

But some officials from the com- 
mission indicated that they saw 
signs at a shift in the West German 
position toward a compromise on 
tbe ECU in exchange for precise 
commitments by member countries 
with currency controls to abolish 
the regulations. 

West Germany has consistently 
banned domestic use of the ECU, 
while France and Italy have been 
employed curbs on capital move- 
ment within the co mmuni ty. 

. However a proposal by the com- 
mission for monetary union to be 
included in tbe treaty has now been 
dropped, the sources said. 

EC finance ministers agreed in 
April on the need to streamline the 
EMS and extend use of the ECU. 

Bui a major obstacle to that hope 
has been Britain's opposition to 
full membership in the EMS and 
the fact that the Italian lira is al- 
lowed greater flexibility than the 
other currencies in the system. 

The ECU ranks fourth on the 
world list of borrowing currencies. 

The ministers discussed in talks 
Saturday the question of establish- 
ing a free internal market permit- 


ting the liberal movement of peo- 
ple, goods, services and capital. 

Also discussed was the problem 
of whether and how to increase the 
powers of tbe directly elected Euro- 
pean Parliament 

■ Reafiganent Is Supported 

Gerhard t Std ten berg. West Ger- 
many’s finance minister, has spo- 
ken out in support of a realignment 
of the European Monetary System, 
Agence France- Presse reported 
from Bonn. 

In a radio interview broadcast 
Sunday in. West Germany, Mr. 
Stoltenberg said he could not give a 
date for such a readjustment but 
said that the chang e was needed 
because of different inflation levels 
between member countries. 

The change would be carried out 
calmly and without prejudice to 
West German exports, he said. 

Banking sources in Frankfurt 
said tbe next adjustment in tbe 
EMS basket of currencies would 
probably take place in the first 
quarter of 1986. 

Such timing would probably re- 
flect the outcome of elections in 
France, due in mid-March. 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK— The U.S. econo- 
my continued to improve in No- 
vember, inflation stayed low and 
an increase in new orders set the 
stage for stronger production 
through the end of 1985, a business 
group said Sunday. 

The National Association of 
Purchasing Management said its 
composite index advanced to 53 J 
percent in November from 51.7 
percent in October, putting the in- 
dex at its highest leva since the 552 
percent recorded in July 1984. 

A reading above 50 percent gen- 
erally indicates that the economy is 
expanding, according to the group, 
whose members are responsible for 
the purchases made by major U.S. 
businesses. The index turned posi- 
tive in September after seven 
months below 50 percent. 

The association’s monthly re- 
port, considered an important indi- 
cator of the economy’s health, is 
based on a survey of the purchasing 
agents at 250 industrial companies 
who belong to its business survey 
committee; 

Eighty-four percent of those sur- 
veyed said that new orders were 
higher or the same in November, 
tbe best reading February when the 
figure also was 84 percent. 

“The impressive growth in new 
orders virtually assures a good 
fourth quarter,’’ said Robert Bretz, 
director at purchasing for Pitney 

Bowes twe and diarnmn of (he 

association’s business survey com- 
mittee. 

Inflation remained low. Just 2 
percent of the purclmsing manag- 
ers reported paying higher prices m 
November, the lowest percentage 
since October 1971, when it also 
was 2 percent. In contrast, 13 per- 


cent of tbe purchasing managers 
said they paid lower prices in No- 
vember. 

There is still plenty of slack in 
the economy, the association said. 

Only 2 percent of surveyed com- 
panies said thaL they received slow- 
er delivery of orders in November, 
the lowest since April 1982, indi- 
cating that factories had enough 
extra capacity to meet increased 
demand for production. 

Also, the percentage of compa- 
nies allowing themselves a lead 
time of 30 days or less for delivery 
of production materials was the 
lowest since the statistic fust was 
kept in May 1955, indicating that 
the companies had little fear their 
orders would not be met in time. 

likewise, purchasers felt confi- 
dent in keeping smaller inventories 
on hand. Twelve percent said they 
had bigger inventories in Novem- 
ber, compared with 29 percent who 
said they had smaller inventories. 

Production advanced slightly in 
November, with 23 percent of com- 
panies reporting that production 
was higher and 15 percent saying it 
was lower. 

Employment continued to de- 
cline. The 7 percent of members 
reporting higher employment in 
November was the lowest since 
January, when the number also was 
7 percent. In contrast, 25 percent of 
the companies said that their em- 
ployment was lower. 

On the list of commodity prices, 
fuel oil and diesel fuel were np, 
while the following all were down: 
aluminum, copper, sled, corrugat- 
ed shipping cartons, caustic soda, 
which is used in petroleum refining 
and papennaking, and methanol, a 
chemical with a number of uses. 


Imperial, Argyll Are on Verge 
Of Making Takeover Offers 


Seoul Hopes for Better Loan Terms 


By Bob Hagerty 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Some of Britain's 
best-known food and drink brands 
are involved in two major takeover 
offers expected to be announced 
Monday. 

Argyll Group PLC. a grocery 
store operator, is expected to an- 
nounce a hostile bid of about £ 1.8 
trillion ($2.7 trillion) for Distillers 
Co 7 the biggest producer of Scotch 
whisky. Financial sources said they 
expected an offer of Argyll shares 
valuing Distillers shares at 510 
pence each with as alternative of 
480 pence a share in cash. 

At the same time. Imperial 
Group PLC and United Biscuits 
PLC were preparing to announce 
an agreement under which Imperi- 
al would acquire United through a 
share swap valuing that company 
at about £ 1.1 billion, financial 
sources said. Tbe two announced 


last week that they were holding 
merger talks. 

Distillers owns such brands as 
Johnnie Walker. Dewar's and 
White Horse Scotch, as wdl as 
Gordon's and Tanqueray 911 . 

United’s brands include McVi- 
tie's and Crawfords crackers and 
cookies and Terry’s chocolates. In 
the United States, the company 
owns Keebler Co., a cookie maker. 

Imperial Group, whose stock 
market value is about £1.85 billion, 
produces John Player and other 
cigarettes as wdl as Courage and 
John Smith's been. The company 
also makes such food products as 
HP Sauce and Lea & Perrins 
Worcestershire sauce. 

The two offers echo a series of 
recent U.S. acquisitions involving 
major brand names, such as the 
$5.75-biDion purchase of General 
Foods Co. by Philip Morris Cos. 
and the $4-9-b£Qion acquisition of 
(Continued on Page 15. CoL 4) 


marine and 

manufacturing 

vestments. 


operations, 
property in- 

a loss Of 

about $22 million last year, its first 
in four years, afterpostmg a 57S- 
million profit in 1983. 

Tan Kocai Swan, a Malaysian 
millionaire, has a substantial stake 
in Pan-Electric. . ... 

(Reuters, AFP) 


By Moon Ihlwan 

Reuters 

SEOUL — Despite economic 
setbacks and reduced growth this 
year. South Korea hopes to cut tbe 
cost of raising between $5 trillion 
and $6 binkm in new c o m m e r cial 
bank loans in 1986, government 
Officials *"ii bankers here say. 

Tbe governmental Korea Devel- 
opment Institute said in ■ report 
last month that gross national 
product was now expected to grow 
between 45 percent and 5 percent 
this year, below 1984's 75-percent 
expansion and the government's 
1985 target of 75 percent. GNP 
measures a country’s output of 
goods and services, mdudmg in- 
crane from operations abroad. 

‘The main cause of the slow- 
down is sluggish exports and in- 
vestment activity," Ro Sung-tae, an 
institute economist, hM. “But you 
can expect improvements in 1986 
because the impact of various mea- 
sures taken by the government may 
be fdt by then." 

Mr. Rio said that fra 1986, his 
institute projected that growth in 
South Korea’s GNP would acceler- 
ate to 65 percent and the current 
account deficit would narrow to 
$300 miQioa. Tbe current account 
measures trade in goods and ser- 
vices as wefl as interest, dividends 

and ce rtain t ransf ers 

Hie deficit was more than $700 
mflliOQ this year and S1.4 billion in 
1984. The government had hoped 
to balance the current account in 
1986. 


Foreign bankers who were inter- 
viewed said they remained confi- 
dent South Korea could manage its 
economy and pay its debts. Foreign 
debt stood at $45.4 billion at the 
end of September. 

An official of Bankers Trust Co. 
said that South Korea “needn’t 
worry in the near future" about the 
availability of loans. 

Another U-S. banker, who asked 
not to be identified, said South Ko- 
rea could hope for lower spreads 
fra future loans unless there was a 
major political crisis. 

Mr. Ro, the economist, said the 
shift in enT pha-da from labor-inten- 
sive fields such as textiles to high- 
tech industries such as semiconduc- 
tors had been partly responsible for 
disruption in 


Exports fefi about 1 percent to 
$21.26 biQioo in the first 10 months 
of 1985 from tbe corresponding pe- 
riod of 1984. 

But Mr. Ro noted that to boost 
exports, the government had grad- 
ually devalued tbe won by about 7 
percent against the dollar and by 25 
percent tb 30 percent against the 
yen and major European curren- 
cies. The won was 88IL29 to the 
dollar last wed: against 827.40 at 
the end of 1984. 

He also noted that growth in 
money supply was excreding the 
1985 target, and said, “With these 


measures, exports, particularly to 
Europe and Japan, and investment 
in production facilities will rise 
considerably next year.” 

Officials of the Korea Exchange 
Bank said the country borrowed 
about $6 trillion this year at toms 
H to 1/16 percentage points better 
than in 1984. 

Hong S&pyo, the bank’s director 
for international financing, said the 
bank had depended “almost soldy 
on traditional syndicated loans un- 
til two years ago. 

“But we have diversified by in- 
troducing new credit instruments 
such as floating rate notes. Euron- 
ote facilities, revolving underwrit- 
ing facilities and bonds,” he said. 

Officials of Korea Exchange 
Bank sad syndi c ated loans ac- 
counted fra about 65percent of the 
approximately $1 bfluoa of foreign 
funds raised by the bank this year, 
compared with 92 percent in J983. 

Kim Yun-SIl, manag er of the 
bank's international banking de- 
partment, said Korea Exchange 
Bank and the state-run Korea De- 
velopment Bank began incorporat- 
ing transferable loan certificates in 
jumbo loam this year. 

He said each bank raised 30- 
bfib'an Euroyen syndicated loans 
with major non-Japanese banks 
contributing more than 30 percent 


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INTERNATIONAL COMRANY 

A Unilever subsidiary, Hindustan Lever 15 the country's largest 
international company with an experience of over 100 years of 
operating in India. 

The Company is managed by a team of top. internationally 
qualified professionals and fias an excellent record of growth and 
success. Of the turnover of US S500 million in 1985. Exports, a key 
thrust area will account for 570 milfion. 

Hindustan Lever already has a manufacturing base in the Free 
Trade Zone and exports 10 over 50 countries including Eastern 
Europe. 

The Company has the capital and management and together 
with India's vast resources of technical manpower, cheap labour and 
industrial mfrastructure. it offers you an ideal base for your next 
overseas venture. 

Helds of interest: 

Chemicals: Organic intermediates. Agrochemical intermediates 
and finished products. Caialysr systems. Polymer additives, etc 
Agri-Business: Pesticides. Herbicides. Seed multiplication, 
Custom plant tissue culture, etc. 

Foods: Edible Nuts. Tea. Spice&etc. 

Others: Leather. Footwear. Assembly-type entry into Electronics, 
Packaging machinery. 

For further details wriw to: 

Mr. K.V.C. Das 
Hindustan Lever Limited 

300, Upper Richmond Road West 
London SW 14 7JG 

Telephone: {0D 8785254 
Cable: KINDLEVER LONDON SW14 
Telex: 929476 APEX G 

or 

Mr. R. Gopalakrishnan 
General Manager— Exports 
Hindustan Lever Limited 
1 85/1 68 Brekbay Reclamation 
Bombay 400 020 (India). 

Tel No.: 221222/223138 
Telex: 1 16851/1 12323 HLHO IN 
Cable: Levexport. Bombay 

Visit the Hindustan Lever stall at the Exposition de produifs 
Indtens, in Paris between 6th and 15th December 1985. 


UNTASHU.EXP3B2t9 



































































M-L H 




-. U, 


t-V* o 


V .A 

i 


HI 

i. 


ifi 

■!: . Jj 

r 

* • ft la * ■ 

J A- 

' til 






Issuer 


.*&”*. Mat ‘S?’- Prto. ..^d 


(m3tkvtt)y 


;% 


Terms 


week 


ROMM* RATE NOTES 




[%' 


& 

« My 

|T 


$500 2000 fenaan 100 99.55- beared fmggod to imqrtfi mean rale for EurodoBdn. 

. • - ItoMmfai* and pdabe at prir -in - 1992. Foes 050%. 
DenomiMeeni $1C 


«. .J 


; i ^'flanqoeTrqnpase du 
i ! JJComnierceFxt'ferieui' 

n , 


£ , 

'V.MarineWcfcHid 


$270 .1996 0.04 100X6 99.95 Owr3«orthLfa*Gdafalealparfa 1W7. Afco 300,000 

five-year v*omrt mrdiabiec* 50 into a 91SX bond dun 
1996. Wdrrcnh pfiwl tf $100 each pining 9KX intend, 
■ endwi ft. neebatSlW. Foes 0.12%. 

$200 ■ 2000 1/T6-/ 100 99jp Ow>«onth Lb*. Gobble of per fa 1987. Few 045%.. 
■ • DenamfaafoniSSQ/XXX 


^ W i 

jgii'AtorgcB'11-P.J 

” ' $200 

1997 

aos 

flQQ.lO. 

100.00 Ow3axrthL2»r.Cdk!to«* par m 1968. 

meftrty in caA or. in slock Fees 020%. Denon4nc6om 

WAm . . 

** ft "*11 Thcdand 

$300 

2005 

M 

100 

99.65 

Owr frawnih Ubor. QdkMo at per in 1986 wid raefoemefei* ' 
at par in 1990, 1992. 19954»d every siAsoquent year. Foes 
032%. DenominafaiuSISJOO. 

: 

is -Cticofp finance 

£150 

■1997 

0.10 

100 

9978 

Ongr-imft Liber. CdEobie « par In 1990. fan* 025%. 
Dnoninodoni $10^00. . 

4 1 

1 '< 

f» DG finance 

■ ' 

DM300 

1996 

> 

100 

9970 

Over Ubor. Maximum coupon 8%. Nenadbblac, 

fi*»025% 

-P; 

g HXHWOUPON 








jB Fisher Brotherc 
■jipnoncy Redly 

$160. 

2000 

1014 

' 99% 

9738 

Cofloblo o< tOm in 1994. Odatandaad by propmty. 

« 

^McDandds 

•* - 

i u-_ 

L- 

: VI.' . 

$100 

1993 

10 

101 % 

99 A0 

ColoUa id par in 1969. Abo lOOJOOO vwxtodIj, priced td S17 
oadi. oxemaeUa Mo on idtodad, no«w4ablo bond. Laitor 
bond can b« bought with warrants plug boa bond during the 
Alt four y*n than with vrarranta arid onh. Wbiuri 
ended IfawaakcS $20 

I.,'* Olympia & York 

;■ i Maiden Lane Ftnance 

$200 

1995 

10H 

99% 

9875 

Cnigbto at 101 in 1 992. Coluftiubnd by property. 

ir. 

11 liPKEp Morris 

$300 

1989 

5% 

100% 

9 9A8 

Nonadabie. 

■ 

; V Phiffp Morris 

$200 

1995 

10 

99% 

98.13 

Cdufa w tot in mar 


t ‘ AMCA Overseas 
Finance 

DM156 

1992 

m 

99% 

— 

Noneciabl*. 

*. 

> BHF Bank Finance 

S V’ 

DM 100 

1991 

6V4 

100 

100.13 NoneaBabh. Aha 1 00.000 onfc-yncr wanrouli ewarcnobl* c* 
par Mo a bond dag 1991. 

ji . 

i Hoesch Inti finance 

DM 100 

1995 

7 

99% 

97 A3 

Noncolafala. 

A . 

^[Luxetvbottrgeoisede 
■_ § Centrales Nudtakes 

DM150 

1995 

7 

100 


CdUdo or 101 m 1993. 

r: ^*2 feditney 

Ff 500 

1991 

10% 

99% 

9838 

NonoaOabio. 

r. 

u l|- General Motors 
f Acceptance Corp. 

UT 75,000 

1990 

13% 

100 

97. 88 

NanaAfafa. 


Copenhagen 

ECU 40 

1995 

9 

100% 

9975 

Calabl* Of 101 ■> 1991. SmUng fond to produce an B-yr 
awe0D Efa. 

- 

i J European Investment 
; flank 

ECU 40 

1990 

8H 

99% 

9938 

Noncolabk. 

M 

* European Investment 
Bank 

ECU 60 

1992 

8% 

100 

9930 

CaBcUo ot 1 0D56 in 1990 Purchme fond to spardta in 1966 
mi 1967. 

J 

~ - Heron Inti Finance 

ECU 60 

1997 

9% 

ido 

98.13 

Cnidblo end radnimrfdn of per fa 1992 when now terms 
may bo sat 

“ • 

- ■' i .Wdt Disney 
: \ Productions 

ECU62JS 

1994 

m 

100% 

9950 

NoaecAaU*. SmUnefond to start operating in 1990 


-^■Montred Trustee 

<365 

1998 

10% 

100 

9875 

NonaAfafa. 


J . '• Nikho Securities 

Y 12,000 

1995 

m 

101% 

99 A3 

NonaAabio. fadeemcfale at maturity at 179 JO yen per 
dolor far o total of $66.9 iriSon. 

> 

“ : Nordic Investment 
; Bank 

v 20,000 

1992 

7 

101% 

101 

Nanodbddn. 

l . 

Student Loan 
’jL : . Marketing 
^-.Association 

Y 20,000 

1995 

8 

101% 

— 

Nomxfcbie. Bedeemoble <* maturity atlBl yn per dolor 
for a total of $1105 ndfan. 


Soritie Notionde des 
Chenwisde Fer 

Y 20,200. 

1995 

8 

101% 

— 

Nnixulabfe. Bedeamobi* of maturity at 182 yen per dolor 
far a laid of $111 miKnn. 


Swecfeh Export Credit 

Y 20,000 

1995 

8 

101% 

— 

NonodUdfL 


• .•Olivetti Holdings 

NZ$50 

1991 

18 . 

101 

99.13 

Nonocdbble. 

- 

■* EQUTTY-4JNKED 








$90 1990 Open 100 - 102.50 Coupon indicated at 5MK. NoncdbUe. Eads S&0QD note 

with am warrant oxorcnribfo into company's thaw at an 


Ajinomcflo 


expected 2W% premium. Terms to beat Dec 3. J60 nd&on 
issued m Europe and $30 mflfan nsued in Asia. 


CSR Finance 


$100 1995 716 


100 9925 Noncdtabto. Each 95,000 note wCh 1 7 warrants cadi ener- 

cadsie into 100 of company's shares at Am$ £80 each. 


Gunze 


$25 1990 5% 100 101 XX) Noncnlable. Each $5flOD note with one warrant exerriufai* 

into company's shares at 631 yen per share and at 202.40 
yen per ddhr. 


Copenhagen 

'Handekbank 

DM 100 

1992 

534 

105 

— f*fonoJobie. Eoch 1 J00-nwriino*»vwih2fiv»-ygci- warrortfs 
•xarcriabie into bank’s shore* at 326 donish boner per 
doe. 

DaikyoKanko 

• DM120 

1991 

open 

100 

— Coupon intfaried <n 2 UK. Nonoafafafa Oanvertfalt of <m 
enpoded 5% premium. Terns to be set Dec. 6. 

Minolta Camera 

DM150 

1994 

2% 

100 

102B0 SenaonnueAy.CdldbbatlOlMm 1991 . Corwartifale at 1,105 
yen per ihcre and a 79 37 yen per mark. 


U.S. Corporate Issues Lose Appeal 


(Costumed from Page 13) 
as designed to appeal to mstito- 
-•onal investors, who are most sen- 
"'U've to such windfalls. 

“ The issuers could afford to pay 
r'uch generous terms because the 
'll*in cost of financing was Sim 
ignificantly cheaper than they 
". ould get through conventional 
* mortgage financing. 

The other innovation of the week 
-./as the first-ever income warrant, 
-..{sued on behalf of Banqoe Fran- 

- aise du Commerce Ext&rieur. Nor- 

- tally, warrants to buy bonds are 
■ sued at a low price, around $20, 
..imed at appealing to speculators 
.'ho hope that interest rates drop 
;■ nd that the warrant will soar in 

alue as the fixed-coupon bond it 
-in buy also increases. Butthewar- 
int itself produces no income. 

The BFCE warrants were de- 
igned to appeal to long-term in- 
. esiors looking for an insurance 
' •obey to cash in if interest rates 
\inro, rather than for a lottery tick- 
et. The warrants were priced steep- 
7. at $100 each. But they bear an 
: nnual income of 9W percent. The 
wc-year warrants give holders tbe 


right to buy $300 milliaa of 914- 
percent bonds maturing in 1996 at 
a discount of 10 percent, meaning 
an investor needs to put up only 
$900 to buy a bond nominally 
worth $1,000. 

Tbe income on the warrant and 
the discounted exercise price are 
designed to put a floor od the value 
of the warrant. The income assures 
a high running yield if the price of 
the warrant were to fall below S 1 00. 
At $97, for example, the paper 
would yield almost 10 percent 

Meanwhile, the discount exercise 
price increases in value each year. 
Paying 90 percent of par value to 
buy a 9%-percent, 10-year bond 
produces a yield of 1 1.48'percent; 
m five years’ time, paying to buy a 
five-year bond produces a yield of 
1Z56 percent Thus, interest rates 
could rise over the five-year life of 
the warrant and the option could 
stifi be in the money, as the exercise 
yield on tbe bond rises as the matu- 
rity shortens. 

Looting at the future more opti- 
mistically, if interest rates were to 
drop by two percentage pouts, the 
vahie of the options would be ex- 
pected to double in value. 


The structure was widely praised 
as fair to both investors and the 
borrower — rare praise coming 
from a market renowned for back- 
biting criticism rather tha n pats on 
the rack. 

Tbe advantage to BFCE is that it 
has offered to sell fixed-rate bonds 
at a cost it could otherwise not 
achieve in today’s market In the 
moaririma, it is financing itself even 
more cheaply by issuing $270 mil- 
lion of flowing rate notes bearing a 
margin of four basis points over the 
three-month London interbank of- 
fered rate, which is currently 8 3/16 
percent. And it is paying 994 per- 
cent on tbe $30 million it raised by 
selling 300,000 warrants. 

The risk BFCE runs is that if 
interest rales rise very sharply the 
'warrants will not be exercised and 
it wiD have to pay even more than 
today’s rale for fixed-cost funds. 
But that is a risk it can hedge in the 
futures market. 

The warrants ended the week at 
$110 and tbe FRN at 99.95, 10 
basis points below the offering 
price tail still within the front-end 
fee of 12 baas points. 


merit 


EUROPEAN COMMUNITY 


From Abroad Pollution-Control Plans Aim at Asbestos, Autos 


Voohvorth Narrows Form to Specialty Shops 

(Continued from Page 13) 


'ime stationery brand, Herald 
quare. A bit larger than the other 
- penalty shops, the outlets seS up- 
raded stationery, greeting cards, 
>ffae supplies and gift wraps. 

*Rx Place, Woolworth's entry 
rhto the growing discount diug- 
. tore field, recently opened its first 
wo outlets in the Philadelphia 
irea. 

in Canada* Woolworth has 
opened women’s and men's apparel 
■hops such as Activcwmid, Spor- 
and Randy River. In West 
Jfltaany, it has a convenience 
ttore caned Beach Shops and two 
ipparri stores. Krone Mode and 
■un & Fashion. In addition, the 
pmpany acquired Robinson’s, a 
^'anatfian apparel and cosmetics 
bain that had gone banfcrapL 

“In about six months, we've al- 


ready recouped our investment in 
that company,” Mr. Lynn said. 

At the same time, h has made 
some domestic acquisitions — Lit- 
tle Folks, a California-based chil- 
dren's wear chain that includes 
Kids Man, a discount children’s 
apparel chain with stares also in 
Canada; and Athletic Shoe Fac- 
tory, a footwear retailer. 

*We are is a testing stage with all 
of the startup stares," Mr. Lynn 
said. -Wffl they all succeed? I don't 
know, but several have already 
shown their worth and we are gong 
to expand them-” 

Industry analysts are generally 
positive about the planned expan- 
sion, though some are more opti- 
mistic <h«" others. “It’s building on 
thrir traditional strengths, and that 
makes sense,” said Mr. Robbins of 
Donaldson, Lufkin, who described 


himself as l *very high” on the 
moves. 

But Jeffrey M. Feaner of Merrill 
Lynch, is a tat more cautious. Not- 
ing that tbe small shops do have “a 
higher gross profit and good 
growth potential,” be said that 
nonetheless it will be some time 
before these new additions have an 
impact on corporate results.' For 
now, he said, Kinney “will repre- 
sent most of the short-term incre- 
mental growth of tbe company.” 

Last year, Wodwortb had net 
income of $141 milHnn on sales of 
$5.7 billion, against net income of 
5118 million on sales of $5.5 billion 
the year before. Even in the current 
year, a difficult one for retailers in 
general. Wool worth reported third- 
quarter net income of $38 million 
on sales of $1.47 bUHoa, compared 
with net income of $26 million on 
sales of $M billion for the year- 
earlier period 



Bond Prices 


By Michael Quine 

Hev York Times Service 

■ .NEW YORK! — Good demand 
from foreign investors over the 
.Thanksgiving holiday in the United 
States nave helped raise prices of 
Treasury notes and bonds by as 
much as a half-point. . 

Although trading was very light 
and domestic investors were not 
active, securities dealers said - the 

u.s.c^rr MARKETS 

absence of sizable selling and the 
light supply of new Treasury issues 
until late December helped keep 
prices far long-term issues at about 
their highest lcvds of the year. 

Trading of Treasury securities in' 
Tokyo, and London, whQe still a 
small faction at the S75 taffion and 
more that trades daily in the Unit- 
ed Stares, has expanded rapidly 
ffincp the lif ting of the withholding 
tax in mid- 1984. Japan’s Ministry 
of Finance recently said that Japa- 
nese investors bought nearly $5.7 
bsHionaf Foreign bonds in October. 

New York dealers now routinely 
check on foreign activity before do- 
mestic trading begins. “We opened 
strong, based on overseas buying,” 
said one Treasury bond trader, who 
asked not to be identified, “but 
then the market just sat there with 
very little going on.” 

By late Friday, yields on Trea- 
sury notes and bonds were about 
equal to the lowest levels set last 
week, winch, in tarn, were the low- 
est yields since June 1980. The 9%- 
percem bands due in 2015, far ex- 
ample, were -offered at 100%, to 
yield 9.83 percent, while tbe 9%- 
percent issue due in 1995 rose JO- 
32, to 99%, for a 936-pestcent yield. 

Because of strong domestic de- 
mand on Wednesday and the fal- 
low- through bqying of overseas in- 
vestors, prices increased enough so 
that all the TYeasmy notes and 
bonds auctioned the week of Nov. 
17-23 now are offered at prices 
higher than the average set at auc- 
tion, except for the 10-year notes. 

Hopes that the Federal Reserve 
would quickly move to an easier 
monetary poticy continued to cir- 
culate in the fiiymraal markets, but 
with less conviction than earlier 
this month. The Fed announced 
Friday that on Monday, it will buy 
Treasury tails for its own account 

lit the tax-exempt market, prices 
rose slightly Friday in quiet trad- 
ing. But, far the week as a whole, 
prices feD enough to raise yields of 
some issues as much as a quarter of 
a percentage point or more. 


U.S. Consumer Rafes 

For Week Ended Nev. 29 

Passbook Savinas- 

_£S 0 % 

Tax Exempt Bonds 

Bond Buyer 20 -Band Index— ... 

_ 8 J 1 * 

Money Market Funds 

DOnOfltHM'S 7 -Otjy AVOTUDO 

- 7 At % 

Bank Money Market Accounts 
Bank Rate Monitor Index . . . 

_ 6 JS 7 % 

Home Mortgage 

. 19 A 1 » 



2 UJL Bids 
Are Expected 

(Continued from Page 13) 
Nabisco Brands Inc. by RJ. Reyn- 
olds Industries Inc. 

Like Philip Morris and Reyn- 
olds, Imperial has been trying to 
reduce its dependence on tobacco, 
which accounted far 47 percent of 
last year’s operating profit 

Both Imperial and United have 
interests in potato chips, mils, oth- 
er snacks and frozen foods. United 
operates Wimpy hamburger outlets 
and Pizza! and restaurants in Brit- 
ain. 

Imperial has about 200 Ground 
Round restaurants in the United 
States, and runs pubs, restaurants 
and hotels in Britain. In November, 
the company completed the sale of 
Howard Johnson Co. to Marriott 
Carp, few: $314 nriffion. 

Both Imperial and United have 
had unspectacular profits in recent 
years and have been considered 
vulnerable to hostile bids. Thus, 
their merger plans are widely 
viewed as defensive. 

Argyll, which is about a third as 
large as Distillers, is Britain's 
fourth-latest grocery-store opera- 
tor and has a small drinks division 
involved in producing and distrib- 
uting liquor in Britain and the 
United 


By Steven J. Dryden 

international Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS - — The executive 
CcmarisricmoftheEun^eanOnn- 
murrity is preparing new initiatives 
to tighten environmental stan- 
dards, as it attempts to maintain 
advances made earlier this year. 

The commission released a pro- 
posal last week that would 
strengthen existing controls cm as- 
bestos, a potentially harmful sub- 
stance often used in building mate- 
rials. The proposal is to be 
considered by the Counci] of Min- 
ister. 

A nom mission statement said 
that it was not possible to identify 
the levd of exposure to asbestos 
below which it is believed no ham 
is caused. 

Therefore, the statement said, 
“contamination must be prevented 
by reducing amigeiong from all 
sources as much as possible, 
the best technology without em 
ing excessive costs.” 

The proposal would control as- 
bestos pollution by fixing levels of 
emissions into air and water, and 
with provisions concerning the use 
of asbestos, the demolition of 
buildings and disposal of asbestos 
waste. 

The commission is also prepar- 
ing a proposal har monizi ng speed 


limits in the community, as a first 
step toward their eventual reduc- 
tion. 

The move is aimed at lowering 
the pollution from car exhausts, 
although West Germany contests 
the scientific validity erf the connec- 
tion between speed and pollution. 
Stanley Clinton Davis, the EC en- 
vironment commissioner, has criti- 
cized the West Goman govern- 
ment's attitude on this point, given 
its otherwise strong support for 
tighter exhaust pollution stan- 
dards. 

In a related development at a 
meeting of environment ministers 
last week, the commission fafied to 
persuade Denmark to drop its de- 
mand for car pollution standards 
stricter than those accepted by the 
other member states in June. 


maker's British subsidiary, that it is 
abusing its market position by pre- 

els by independent producer^. ^ aB " 
The commission has asked for a 
response from Ford within the next 
few weeks. If tbe response is found 
to be inadequate, the commission 
could take pretiminaiy action to 
force the company to grant licenses 
to the producers at low royalty 
rates. 

Ford has taken legal action 
the producers for violation 
British copyright law. 
Commission sources said their 
challenge was an important test of 
competition policy in several re- 
spects, including the question erf 
how industrial design can be 
studded by intellectual property 
rights without abusing monopoly 
power. 


Greece also qualified its support 
for the standards at the meeting. 

Mr. Clinton Davis criticized 
Denmark for blocking a clear envi- Spain S 2d Candidate 
ronmental gain for other states and r r> . • 

itself, a commission spokesman LJlOSen JOT Commission 

sa “ L . The Spanish government has 

Fordof UJL. Assailed ISSJtt &ZSlSL * 

Over ftfffippyfjfi frff F Pq/ht Abel Matures, vice president of 
* J _ the rightist Popular Alliance party. 

In an important lest of competi- was nominated as a compromise 
tion policy, tbe commission has candidate after the party's first 
told Ford Motor Co. Ltd, the auto- choice, Carlos Robles Piquer, was 


rejected by Felipe Gonzalez, the 
Socialist prime minister. 

Tbe suggested nomination of 
Mr. RoblcsnquCT bad come under 
criticism because of his association 
with the Franco regime. 

Mr. Malutes, 44, is a native of 
Ibiza, and an economist and lawyer 
by i mining He serves as a deputy 
in the Cones, the Spanish parlia- 
ment. 

Manuel Marin, the Danish sec- 
retary of state for EC affairs, is the 
government’s choice for the other 
Spanish position on the commis- 
sion. 

Both he and Mr. Malutes will 
take up their new offices in Janu- 
ary. 


Inflation In Italy Rose 
To 8.6% in November 

A genet France- Prctse 

ROME Inflation in Italy at 
the end of November was an annu- 
al rate of 8.6 percent, up from 8 J 
percent in October, the central sta- 
tistical institute reported Saturday. 

Tbe institute said that prices rose 
by 0.7 percent in November after a 
1 .2-percent increase in October, 
when a major factor was the 1.1- 
percent jump in clothing prices. 


Logos Likely to Enact IMF Proposals 


Reuters 

LAGOS — Nigeria appears like- 
ly to implement economic mea- 
sures prescribed by the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fimd even if it 
does not take up a proposed $23- 
bilUon loan. 

Kalu L Kalu, the finance minis- 
ter, said Friday that the IMF loan 
conditions were policy suggestions 
Nigeria should adopt irrespective 
of whether it took the loan. 

“Our position is that there 
should bea distinction between the 


loan and the policy package,” Mr. 
Kalu said. He was appointed after 
a coup Aug. 27 led by Major Gen- 
eral Ibrahim Babangida. 

Lagos opened negotiations with 
the IMF in 1983 under the civilian 
government of Shehu Shagari, the 
former president. There have since 
been two military coups but little 
progress in thetdks. 

The military government of 
General Mohammed Buhari, who 
depose d Mr. Shagari, felt unable to 
meet the fund’s demand few a sharp 
devaluation. of Nigeria's naira cur- 


rency, trade liberalization mea- 
sures and the removal of domestic 
petroleum subsidies. 

Opponents of the loan plan fear 
removing fuel subsidies will lead to 
a rise in inflation and liberalizing 
trade will result in higher imports. 
On the other hand, some foreign 
creditors have refused to resched- 
ule Nigerian debt without tbe clean 
bifi of economic health an IMF 
accord implies. 

Nigeria’s external debt, owed to 
commercial banks, totals S20 bil- 
lion. 


Firms Try f Do-It- Y ourself’ Credit 


By Carl Gewirtz 

huematiartal Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Just as bankers had 
feared, the “do-it-yourself exam- 
ple British Petroleum recently set 
in putting together a committed 
$1.5-billian Hne of credit and a $5- 
bOlion uncommitted facility— cut- 
ting the banks out of the commis- 
sions they would normally get to 
arrange to such packages — is be- 
ing picked up by other companies. 

The latest is from Philips NV, 
the Dutch electronics and consum- 
er products company. A Philips 
spokesman confirmed reports cir- 
culating in the banking community 
that it is in the process erf “renegoti- 
ating and possibly increasing a 
number -of - existing credit facili- 
ties.” The reports say the size of tbe 
operation is at least SI biffion. 

However, the spokesman refused 
to divulge any details about the size 
or whether, like BP, Philips would 
seek to issue short-term Euronotes 
as a means of achieving even lower- 
cost financing .“That is still being 
negotiated,” be said. 

Meanwhile, Nestlfe SA, the Swiss 
food processing company, an- 
nounced that it is canceling a $1- 
tallion note issuance facility that it 
arranged almost a year ago. The 
company has just arranged an un- 
committed Eurocommercial-paper 
program with Swiss Bank Corp. 
Under this program, if Nestlfc finds 
the cost of funds attractive, an un- 
limited volume of promissory notes 
could be issued. SBC is the sale 
dealer in that transaction. 

The canceled facility was to have 
run for three years and amortiza- 
tion was to have produced an aver- 
age life of 114 years. Banks were 
paid an annual fee of 3M basis 
or 0.03125 percent, and a 
t-end fee of five basis points — 


a record low cost In fact, Nestli 
never issued notes or used the facil- 
ity as its cash flow has been much 
higher than had been forecast. 

Prudential Funding, the finanr*> 
unit of the UJS. insurance compa- 
ny, is also tapping the Eurocom- 
merti il-paper market It has ap- 
pointed six dealers to sell up to 

SYNDICATED LOANS 

$500 million in sbort-term paper 
and this week is expected to tap the 
market for SI 00 million. 

Gaz de France attempted to 
strike a middle ground between a 
do-it-yourself operation and a 
mandated transaction by putting 
together a J700-million credit facil- 
ity, then appointing Citicorp as ar- 
ranger. This hybrid scheme ran into 
considerable static last week when 
Citicorp attempted to obtain some 
additional remuneration from tbe 
bank syndicate by proposing to 
keep for itself whatever was left 
over from the unallocated front- 
end fees. 

The fees total 10 basis points, to 
be paid on what underwriters take 
asa final commitment. That means 
that banks joining the syndication 
for smaller amounts than tbe lead 
underwriters would earn propor- 
tionately smaller fees — leaving a 
pool of funds unattributed. How- 
ever, strong protests from tbe other 
lead banks resulted in an agree- 
ment that the pool would be shared 
equally by all the lead banks. 

There was further discord within 
the lead group over the borrower's 


insistence that the lead banks hold 
as a minimum portion at least $15 
million of their initial underwrit- 
ing. This is the first time such a 
restriction has been placed on un- 
derwrites' ability to reduce their 
exposure through syndicating sub- 
participations, and there was con- 
siderable opposition. 

By coincidence, the group of 14 
hanks that initially agreed to un- 
derwrite the package at $50 milli on 
each was expanded to 17 banks, 
reducing the initial underwriting 
commitment to S41 milli on and en- 
abling GdF and the banks to save 
face by setting $10 milli on as the 
minimum that the lead hnnfcs must 
hold. 

Gticwp also is arranging a $300- 
millioa, 10-year facility for ENEL, 
the Italian electric utility. Banks 
are offered an annua] underwriting 
fee of five basis points for tbe first 
four years and 614 thereafter. The 
borrower will pay Th basis points 
to borrow up to half the amount 
from the banks and 20 basis points 
if it draws more. ENEL can issue 
Euronotes, dollar or sterling de- 
nominated bankers’ acceptances or 
request advances from the banks. 

Tbe front-end fee for managers 
underwriting S25 million is 15 basis 

million it is Io’basijFptints.' 

In the syndicated credit market, 
Belgium’s Sod6t£ Nationale pour 
La Rieconstnictian des Secteurs Na- 
tionaux — the unit supporting the 
ailing sled industry — is seeking 
$60 million for 3V5 years, maturing 
in March 1989. 


f Bondoid 5 Appeal 
To Help Children 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — City of London 
financial institutions were solic- 
ited over the weekend to pur- 
chase, byway of donation, Bon- 
daid Certificates whose 
proceeds will go to the Save the 
Children Fund charity. 

Donations of S30.000, 
$20,000, $10,000 or $5,000 are 
requested. Payments are to be 
made to National Westminster 
Bank, 41 Lothbury, London, 
for the account of Save the 
Children Fund Bon daid Ap- 
peal account number 140-2- 
01961020. 

Tbe telexed appeal message 
noted recent natural catastro- 
phes in the world and said, 
“This mil be the international 
financial community’s opportu- 
nity to show their concern and 
goodwill." 


Last Weeks 
NYSE 


NYSE Most Actives 1 


HR* Lew Loci Chao. 


VML 

Texaco 
BaxtTr 
AraEW 
PSvEG 
AT&T 
Hind PS 
HCA 
TexOGs 
WstllE 
CmwE 
TWA 

BoodT wl 33734 15 *k 
WorarL 33132 4414 
Mobil 31401 X 2 W 
EsKodS 30979 SB 
Schlmb 39975 37 
DuaLt 29205 17 V. , 

ibm 29 i *2 iam 13 m 

PrimeC 20301 22M 19V 


347029 3m 
136239 15VS 
02413 4PMr 
57242 314fc 
51023 23* 
47470 99t 

40157 14M 
39750 1 54b 
39655 4 
39401 2914 
35170 22Vb 


AMR 20336 429b 
BcalCo 2B2S2 461b 
ITT CP 27534 3414 
BxtTpflB 26131 55 
USStwH 2S34S 3Mb 
intHarv 25190 716 


3m* 32V*i —114 

UV4 15W +m 

4716 401k — 16 

30 SOW — 1W 

229b 23K6 + V> 

BW 9 — Vi 

3»6 34 — W 

1516 15* + 14 

44W 45W — 96 

2814 28W — W 

30 21 — 1W 

1316 1514 

39U. 4F6. +2W 

3114 31V6 — W 

47W 4966 +m 

35W 35W + 'A 

16 1614 — 14 

139W + 14 
_ 2296 -WW 

3996 42W +196 

4596 406 + ft 

33W. 34ft + 96 

5016 5414 

2S46 2616 + W 

7 796 — W 


NYSE Diaries 


TM* Wk 


Last Wk 
1055 


1432 


Total Is 
Now Highs 
Now Lows 


316 213 

2217 2269 

317 395 

37 37 


NYSE Sales 


Total for week 


Your ago 
Two yours ago 
Jan I to data 
1904 to dot* 
1903 Id dot* 


442X70060 

623^70000 

411.7MUM0 

SinjtTtUKW 

2470 aj 2 U 71 

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THE T O T 


F R E 



A L 1 T Y FIRMS 


Comite Colbert 

Boudbom: Superlative Style 



Alton Boucberm, President 

The glittering crowds that 
thronged the Palais Royal during 
the hour-long intervals of the Comc- 
dic Frara^ise in the 19th century ; 
were the first to pay homage to the ' 
i magin a ti ve designs in prcaaus jew- 
.ds mat continue to be the hallmark 
of the house of Baucheron 127 years 
after the company was founded in 
185S, Frederic Boucberon was indeed 
a style setter, winning jxrizcs ar all 
the grand world exhibitions of his 
day and pioneering tbe Place Ven- 
dome, where he moved in 1893, 
as the luxurious heart of French Haute Joullerie. 

Today, his ^ear-grandson, Alain, at 37 preadmr of 
Boucheron, is soil setting trends. Boucneron’s daz- 
zling designs in rock cryaal, launched 10 years ago, 

.were an instant triumph and led the way fix a 
stunning series of variations on the theme of rock 
cnrsol that has set a Parisian fashion. 

"Creativity is the foundation of our existence,” says 
Alain Boucheron, It is, along with the confidence 
and trust of our clients, our raison d'etre.” 

In tbe ateliers above the Place Vcndomc salons, 

Boucberon’s designers and art craftsmen meld 
thdr talents to create the strikingly original 
settings and unusual marriages of semi-predous 
materials and prrdous stones that proclaim the 
Boucheron sryfe. 

Today there is more demand than ever for strong 
design in jewelry," says Boucheron. "Because every- 
one has been reduced to a number— on a onrial 
security slip, a check book or a credit card — they 
want to reaffirm thdr personality through an 
object Our dienes want jewels that will marie the 
style of thdr epoch.” 


"Yesterday, what counted most in 
jewelry was the investment in a 
stone. Today, it has gone bade to its 
original context as a decoration," 
says Boucheron. "Jewels have be- 
come less ostentatious, more orna- 
mental. Those who cannot afford 
large precious stones will buy a beau- 
tiful necklace in rock crystal- It has 
attracted a whole new clientele." 
Their artistic achievements have 
been translated into increased cum- 
4 SSj i- . over. The French company, which 
*■ • provides about one-quarter of world 
turnover, re p or te d $18 million in sales in 1984 and 
$10.6 million for the first six months of this year. 
Exports, which Boucheron describes as "a vital 
necessity, even an obligation," account for 90 per- 
cent of turnover, dramatically up from tbe 60 
it of a few years ago, and compensate for die 
collapse of the French market after new 
ir restrictions in 1981. 


States. A new bouriouc in Ryadh opens early next 
year and there are (Mans to open in Beirut, where 
despite tbe bombs and bullets, demand for jewels is • 
strong. Future diversification may indude a fra- 
grance, bur Boucheron will never put its name to 
"industrialised jewelry." Only the type of product, 
not tbe qualify, will change, 
like the izviaiing new Magic Qip of pale rose 
quartz and azure blue topaz mixed with rock crystal, ( 
ingeniously transformable into eatings, necklace or 
brooch, Boucberon will continue to create jewels in i 
that singular style internationally acclaimed as via-' 


cage Boucheron. 

4N A5SOCI \TIQ\ Of Till. MOST PKI.STUjIOLTS 1MI b Ut Till FRIACII '4RT l»l V|\ HI _ .’ HI* BUI HI L \ . ’Juug l*4KI6 

■■■■NMraraHIMMiAN ANNOUNCEMENT BY THE COMITE COLBERT mmmSmmmmmi 
































































































c! iXla 

L « 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 


Tin Group Resuming Efforts to Solve Trade Crisis 


The Associated Pitta 

LONDON — Officials from the 
22 member nations of the Interna- 
tional Tin Council begin fresh talks 
here Monday is an attempt to re- 
solve the crisis that has paralyzed 
trade in the metal “ 

Delegates said Friday that the 
session was the last opportunity for 
the fin council to seek a solution to 
its financial problems, which ramr 
to a head Oct 24 when lade of 
money forced it to stop price-sup- 
port buying operations. The Lon- 
don Metd Exdiange suspended tin 
trading later that day. 

The coming meeting will be the 
fifth emergency session since Oct 
24 for the tin council, which owes 
about £1 billion ($1.49 bflbon) to 


14 London Metal Exchange dealers 
and 16 financial institutions. 

Unless the member governments 
provide financial guarantees for 
the tin council, the price of the 
metal could collapse when trading 
resumes. Tin was priced at £8, 140 a 
metric ton (1,1 short ion) when 
trading was suspended. 

A price collapse would threaten 
some of the brokers involved with 
bankruptcy and therefore threaten 
the survival of the London Metal 
Exchange, exchange executives 
have wanted. 

Britain is the only member gov- 
ernment to have pledged to meet its 
share of the council’s debts. 

Delegates said that several pro- 
posals would be put before the tin 
council this week, including the 


original British one calling on all 
members to meet the organization’s 
legal responsibilities. 

Proposals presented by the 
body’s creditors also wiD be stud- 
ied. These proposals have been 
modified in recent weeks in an ef- 
fort to rironmvent the problem of 
gaining government guarantees for 
(he tin council, according to the 


GDP in Pakistan Grew by 8.4% in Fiscal Year 


Agenct Fmnce-Presse 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan— Paki- 
stan's gross domestic product is 
provisionally estimated to have 
grown by 8.4 percent in 1984-85, 
according to official sources here. 
GDP measures the total value of a 
nation's goods and services but ex- 


American Exchange Options 


Figures os of dose of trading Friday. 


Option S- price Calls 

Puts 

Ceoeti 

re 

5ft 

r 

r 

r 

35ft 

X 

ne 

2ft 

r 

r 

35ft 

49 

r 

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r 


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s 

r 

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■ 

r 

5 

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ft 

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re 

5-14 

I 

m 

lft 

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r 

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r 

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7 

1-16 

r 

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75111-14 

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r 

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r 

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r 

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to 

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r 

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r 

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Page 17 


delegates, who spoke on condition 
that they not be identified. 

One change proposed is that the 
member governments buy back the 
tin held by the council's creditors, 
the delegates said. The 16 financial 
institutions hold just over 40.000 
metric tons of the tin council's 
stockpile of 62,000 tons as collater- 
al against loans. 


dudes income from foreign invest- 
ments. 

Basic Facts, an official annual 
publication, said Saturday that net 
income from abroad fell during the 
year by 1 1 J5 percent so that growth 
of gross national product was held 
down to 12 percent. 


& price Cels Puts 


Avnst X 4ft 5ft 

33ft 351 It'll 3ft 
Belly It 5V> e 

ISH 8D r JV» 

15ft IS U6 

in i7» s-it is-u 

ISH 20 Ml H 

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IS IS in 1ft 

15 17V* H At 

Cotan» 2S 5*6 r 

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Cm Ed 35 7ft 7ft 

8 m a 

M 1 1H 

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km ts lft r 

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Mt 25 t-U I 

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22V. 25 ft ft 

5 1H1T5-M 

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r 3-U 
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IS-U lft 
ft 9-15 


r ft 
ft ft 
r 2ft 
ft r 
Jft vu r 
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INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


(Continued From Back Page) 


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Page 18 



10 Knife handle 

14 Yearn 

15 Worship 

16 Sedgwick, 

tragic heiress 

17 U.S. ballistic 
missi le 

18 Economize 
20 Embrace 

22 Scrap 

23 Gridiron's 
Dawson 

24 Fall guy 

25 Corrodible 
29 Pilsener, for 

one 

31 Follow 

32 Relative of 

Limburger 

34 “ Hagen 

Girl," Reagan 
film 

,38 "Beowulf.** 

eg- 

40 Reduce prices 
drastically 

41 Home of the 
Elis 

42 Receipt, in 
Reims 

43 "My Sister 
/* 1942 film 

45 Bee's follower 

46 U.S.S.R. news 
service 

48 Relax 


1 Tardy 

2 Noted 


publisher: 

1858-1935 

3 Sophistic, 
involved 
argumentation 

4 ‘‘HQgan’s 
," TV 

series 

5 Cold-weather 
footwear 

6 Together: 

Mus. 

7 Acquired 

8 Curves 

9 Inert gas 
lOShe-only 

shindig 

11 Skilled 

12 Gives the ax 

13 Peevish 


19 Ready to pick 
tributary 

36 A weather’s 
opposite 

and 20 

39 Didn't make 
the grade 
44 Not a one, in 
Appalachia 

47" 

Misbehavin'.” 
1929 song 

49 Rear of a 
saddle 

50 "Ghosts" 
playwright 

51 Printer's 
proof, for short 

52 Tuckered out 



books 


the some people 


H« voluntary isolation is suddenly..** 

rather ruddy shattered by the arrival of as 
«■*- _ _ vUnrl rhorrmtiii nWlKKi 




By Kari Hu bne. 450 pages. S 17.95. 
Louisiana Stale University Press. Baum 
Bouse, La. , 70893 
Reviewed By Elizabeth Ward 

I N a sense there is no be ginn ing or ending to 
this huge and extraordinary novel from 
“good cM Godxoue” — God’s own country. 
New 7/^iand, Aotearoa, “the shining bright 
land” — so it is dijEEc^t to choose a starting 
pant far an introduction. 

It may help to know that its author, Ken 
wiiimg , is a Maori, or. New Zealand native; 

thm she began Berne People” ai the. age of 

18 , completed it 12 yean later, in 1978, and 

spent tbencrtsx years searching invain fora 

publisher, that the novel was finally brought 
out in 1984 by a New Zealand feminist collec- 
tive, only to sell out its Gist edition and win 
two literary awards — one in New Zealand, 
another in the United Stales — and that iiie* 
cenlly was awarded England's Booker Prize for 
fiction. 

The reason for the novel's success is that it is 
an original, neat-great work of literature that 
not oa iy. sheds H ght on a small, complex and 
sometimes misunderstood country, but also, 
more generally, enlarges our sense of life’s 
posable dhneraons. . . 

Hot novel it may be, but there is nothing 
timid or derivative about “The Bone People.'’ 
It is a work of immense literary and intellectual 
ambition, a novel of ideas that is also drama ti- 


boy. jj/l/H* 


guy. oduvu, ___ , 

mute, “a right stubborn ffi-narared mess 
and his Maon stepfather, Joe, a] 
nately violent and loving. * 

Simon's past is mystenous. He had 
found by Joe washed up on the beach, thee -7* 
survivor of a shipwreck. His speechJessn* 
attributed to that or some other, even wo 

early trauma. , , 

fbf p-iatWiships among these three — g 

woman and child; Maori, mixed-race and . 

keha — form the strong thread upon wh . 
Keri Hulme’s ideas are strung. “Websqf ew 
that grew together to become a net m Ii 
reflects Kerewin Holmes. “Life was a * 
that grew wild. She supposed there was 
overall pattern, a design to it.” But “■>- 

never found one.” j 

Life is certainly wild m “The Bone Poop 
but both artistically and philosophies 
Hulme has also found an “overall pattern' 
it, the concept or symbol of the spiral, wi 
recurs over and over in the novel. 

“On the floor at her fret was an engra 


Del 


eyes round and round into the center . 
surprise you found the beginning of anoi..- 


spiral that led your eyes out again to 
i of the outside. Or the somethi 


r — drama is naturally what pulls you in 
first Then, once hooked, you are more subtly 
— esmerixed by the novel’s spiraling inner 


55 Indian 
mountain pass 

56 Sensible 

57 Follower of 
plutoorauto 

58 Greek peak 

59 Bridge 

66 Antitoxins 
62 Officeholders 








WIZARD of ID 


structure or design. There is no way out of 
“The Bone People” but through it: reading it 
becomes an act of catharsis. 

The {dot is compressed and intense, despite 
the nowd’s length. At center is the character of 
Kerewin Holmes, whose name suggests she 
both is and is not the author. She is an artist — 
wealthy, reductive, devo, coarse, with a corus- 
cating wit, “a woman of the sea and the fire." 
She has refined to a remote coastal town in the 
South Island add buill a tower in which to 
paint, sculpt and meditate. 

Kerewin describes herself as “blue-eyed, 
brown-haired, and mushroom-pale” and as 
part-Maori, part Pakefaa or wMte European. 
< 3urwhcaTas by blood, flesh and inheritance, I 
am but an eighth Maori, by heart, spirit and 
indmation, 1 1 fed all Maori/’ 


^ thin gness 

ness . . 

So, too, the novel as a whole moves betw 
"something” and “nothingness,” between 
limitless richness and variety of life attestec 
by Kerewin’s lively mind and the black hob 
the heart of the book which is the physi 
abuse of the child. Simon. 

In the same way the novel shifts from 
artist's isolation in the tower to the comma; 
of sorts she forms with Simon and Joe, l 
from th«r horribly violent splitting-up to 
final tenuous reunion. 

"£ nga hn o n&tiwi," says Joe. invoking 
this untranslatable phrase “the bones of; 
people or the people of the bores” — his Ma 


ancestors, for whom community meant, si- 
“We have to-' 


© New York 7mm edited by Eugene Malesba. 


1 f&m*- SjM mf. 
m&mxx vem,e> ip- 


DENNIS THE MENACE 




0HBMER6&WI&WB? 



Solution to Friday’s Puzzle 


REX MORGAN 


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WHEN LUCY DENISON CALLS 
THE BEAUTY SHOP, SHE IS TOLD THAT KAY 
WEBB HAS TAKEN THE DAY OFF BLIT WILL 
BE “THERE IN THE MORNING' 


V 


WHAT HAPPEMEDTO HIM AU. OF 


AS YOU SAID. 
IF SHE'LL BE 
BACK AT 
WORK 
TOMORROW 
SO WILL 


A SUDDEN THAT HE'D START DATING 
A ZB-YEAR-OLD GIRLT THEY HAVE 
NOTHING IN COMMON ' AND WHAT 




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ply, surivaL And the child says: 
together. If we are not, we arc nothing.’ ■ 
Because Joe is Maori, Simon a Pakehaa:' : 
Kerewin of mixed-race, the pressure towaj 
union throughout the novel probably has ■■ 

relations^ ind^oon^^ahoi m'New^Zealai / 
But from a purely literary point of view, r. '• 
union of Maaritcmga. Maori culture, and i 
Fji glkh lang ua g e in Keri Holme's novel is its • 
a powerful argument for her vision of unity ; 

“They were nothing more than people,’, 
themselves. Even paired, any pairing, m :: - 
would have been nothing more than people.. ■; 
themselves. But all together, they have becol ; 
the heart and muscles and mind of somethT 
perilous and new, something strong and gro. , 
ing and greaL Together, all together, they j, ; 
the instruments of change.” t 

"The Bone People” does have its fafimi ; 
The exuberant prose occasionally lapses ini. 
mawkishness. The last third of the book, esf '_ “ 
dally- the semi-mystical invocation of t~_. 
Maoritanga, is too schematic. And Joe remaiL - - . . 
a tantahzuigLy undeveloped character cor ' 
with Kerewin. But die sheer flow' 

_ : and ideas sweeps you on. The nor ; 
Jit even be thought of as “something par l- 
ous and new," and there fore a very exritir 
event. - " 


11/30/85 


Elizabeth Ward, an Australian, is the auth i ; ’• 
of " David Jones: Mythnaker,'* She wntr A' 1 v 
review for The Washington Post. 


BRIDGE 


Tmibi 


By: Alan Truscott 


deal. 


'MRS. WllSONTOLOME tOU fiOT ATWCK KNEE. 
CAM I WATCH 1TTXJ .SOMETHING Z ‘ 


GARFIELD 


THAT SCRAMBLED WORD GAME 
- by Hand Arnold and Bob Lee 


Unscramble those four Jumbles, 
one latter io each square, to lorm 
four ordinary words. 


MAUSE 


_u 



PAROE 



■■1 


JANGOR 


ini 

mm 


NODARP 


mmm 

■ 



Pi 

mm, 

PI 

•ii 













O N the 

South readied an. 

contract of ax spades. The 

ding is not given, but the auc- 
tion shown is possibfeL South’s 
five-spade bid commands his 
partner to'contanue if he has 
some heart protection. 

The defense leads the heart 
are and another heart. South 
wins, plays the ace and king of 
trumps and Hwimg the slam. 
He does not however, declare 
bis intention of. p olling the 
missing trump. What happens?- 

The explanation is provided 
/ Edgar Kaplan of New- 
ork, the recognized authority 


in this field. The first question 
is: Has South forgotten the 
missing trump? The answer is 
that he probably has. He could 
have claimed after one round 
of trunjps rather than two. 

It is assumed that he will 


the ruling must be thatch- 
makes his slam. 


nevertheless he will make 
his slam by any likely play. If 
he stands on Us head, he can 
indeed lose a trick: by throw- 
ing the diamond ace on the 
heart winner, cashing the dia- 
mond long and ruffing a dia- 
mond low, permitting an over- 
raff. 


NORTH 

♦ E#3 ... 

tficqaa 

*KJ»5 
*74 

east • r: 

C ill 8 4 ■ . 

6 Q10B7432 

*8 . L 

SOOTH (D) 

A A Q J 4 2 
S7 7« r 

0 A ' r 

4AKQJU 
Botli rides ware vatoerahie. The ‘ 


WEST 
♦ 10 8 6 
A JB5 
O 6 

4*98932 


^0 


But the roles do not require 
the declarer to stand on his 
head in order to lose a trick. So 


bidding: 

Sootb 

Wat 

North 

1 * 

Pass 

2 0 

3 * 

Pan 

3 • 

44b 

Pan 

A * 

S ♦ 

Pass 

6* 

Pmsu pam 

West led ibe bean ace. 


Pass 

Patoi 


f.i 


Palmer Uses the Old Touch 


Now arrange the circled letters to 

kxm the surprise answer, aa sug- 

gested by the above cartoon. 




Friday* 


(Answers tomorrow) 

Jumbles: INLET HAIRY INFUSE PRYING 
Answer The pianist was a musician to this— 


The pianist was a 
HIS FINGERTIPS 


WEATHER 


EUROPE 


HIGH 
C F 


Amsterdam 

AltMra 


BHerude 

Berlin 

Brourlt 


BudapMi 

rna nhaaM 

CMtalMSol 

Dublin 

Eetnuernh 

Ptorance 

Prankfun 

Geneva 

Hotel nkl 

Ixtnnbcl 

Las Pal met 

Uxbaa 

Lonooo 

Madrid 

Milan 

Moicaw 

MunkH 

Mice 

Oslo 

Parte 


aa as 
la 5a 
If M 
17 *3 
B 44 
-2 28 
14 57 
4 19 
2 34 
0 32 

14 41 

15 59 


LOW 
C F 

15 59 a 

1 34 a 

• 44 fr 

5 41 Tr 

5 41 a 

•8 18 0 

44 Cl 


ASIA 


Milne 
HonpKMa 
Man Ha 
new Dahl 


Shnmhal 


a a a 


RevKIavK 


Stockholm 

pTvaUart 

Vonfeo 

Vienna 


Zurkh 

MIDDLE 


37 II 
20 48 

IS 59 

12 54 
7 45 
-7 19 
7 45 

14 41 
-5 23 

15 59 

1 34 

3 37 
17 43 
-4 25 
U 55 

7 45 

2 34 

8 32 

4 29 


1 

-5 23 
V 48 

11 52 
4 39 
8 44 

3 34 
0 32 

■12 W 
2 34 
IS 59 

12 54 
II SB 
0 32 

4 39 

■15 3 

2 34 

7 45 
■12 M 

8 44 
-1 37 

0 32 

9 48 
■7 19 

2 34 
0 32 
0 32 
-7 It 
2 34 


Tate* 

Tokyo 


HIGH LOW 
C F C F 

31 a 23 73 d 

4 39 -4 25 lr 

33 73 17 43 fr 

31 M 23 73 o 

23 73 12 54 fr 

2 34 >4 25 a 

15 59 2 34 fr 

32 9C 34 75 • 

31 70 14 41 a 

t* 59 4 3? fr 


AFRICA 


Aleiin 

Cairo 

Cano Town 
CawMoacD 
Harare 


23 73 9 48 
23 73 12 54 


NalroM 

Tunis 


29 81 14 41 
23 73 IS 59 
29 84 24 75 


20 48 5 41 a 


LATIN AMERICA 


Gamas Alin 35 77 11 52 

Canon 27 81 19 44 

Liam 23 73 18 44 

Mudcoaiy 23 73 3 37 

Mo da Janeiro 27 si 20 48 


NORTH AMERICA 


Abano 

Boston 

CMcaM 

Poo rer 

Detroit 

HonotoM 


EAST 


Ankara 

Beirut 


Jerusalem 
Tel Aviv 


1 37 
29 77 
24 79 
IS 59 

21 78 


-7 19 d 
19 59 d 
8 44 fr 
It 9 d 
13 55 d 


OCEANIA 


ADOdaul 22 72 17 43 d 

Sydney 22 72 IS 59 d 

d-doudv. 1 toJaoev; irJalr: rvhoii; 
siMMMnj strenowi si-etormv. 


Wf AnttHn 20 

Miami 29 

MleneaeoM -I 

Mantrual -4 

Ham 28 

New York U 

SflDFroacteCD is 

Seattle 3 

Taranto 3 

WAnMmrton 13 

MWCBdl oe-oartly 


If -14 

48 IS 

43 a 

44 4 
19-17 
48 3 

81 19 
44 13 
<• 9 
84 23 
18-12 
25 -7 

82 21 

52 4 
59 9 

37 -2 
37 0 

SS 8 
cloudy; 


7 fr 

» St 
32 a 
» r 
’ d 

27 d 
64 d 
35 pc 

n fr 

« PC 
10 Ok. 

s s 

S l 

28 sw 
32 r 
44 d 


MOM DAY’S FORECAST — CHANNEL: Heavy. FRANKFURT! Fomy.Temo. 


7 — 3 (45 — 37). LONDON: Rain. Tdno. 13—7 155—45). MADRID: Ftwav. 

" ' - '■ R15: Fair. 


Toms. 14 - 3157— 34>.NEW YORK: Rota. Tomp. 15— 9 159-481. PARIS: 

TWyw.M— 7 159 — 45). ROME: Fogey. Tamp. 17 — 9 IW — 48). TEL AVIV: No. 


ZURICH: Fooby. Tome. 10—4 (50— 391. BANGKOK; Pair. Toma. 33—24 

■“ " 4! CkMdv. 


191 — 75). HOMO KONG: CMudV. Tomo. 20—17 (48—431. MANILA! 

Tomp.31— 22(80— 72). SBOUL: Snow. T emp. 2 — 4 134— JS), SINGAPORE: 
Thundersfornu. Temp- 31—24 (88 — 75). TOKYO: Foggy, romp, u — « 
(59 — 39). 


The Associated Press 

MURRIETA, California — Arnold 
Palmer, calling on the half-remembered 
magic of an earlier golfing era, dominat- 
ed his younger challengers and won 
$45,000 Saturday in the first nine holes 
of the 1985 Skins Game. 

Palmer, now 56, birched foui; of the 

last six holes on the Bear Greek Chib 

course after a rocky start. Two of those 

birdies were for carryovers, setting up a 

$ 100,000 value for the 10 th hole, the first 
that was to be played on Sunday. 

Tom Watson won $30,000 with birdies 
on the second and fifth holes. 

Jack Nicklans won $ 15,000 an the first 

when Palmer missed a 15-foot birdie 

putt and then blew a one-foot tap-in for 

par that would have created a carry-over. 

Palmer had trouble shaking the mem- 

07 of the little one that got away. He 

missed from about 18 feet on the second 

bole and from about 12 feet on the third. 

Then, he said, “1 made a little change 
in my stance” — and the putts began to 
rattle hi to the cup with the same author- 
ity and frequency of his glory years a 
quarter-century ago. 

He canned an eight-footer for birdie 

an the fourth hole, worth 530,000. “That 

got my nerves settled '(town a little,” said 

Palmar, who was shut out in the Skins 

Game a year ago. He holed from about 

12 feet withe shbh for a birdie and a skm 

worth $15,000. 

That was the last of the $15,000 holes. 
The next ax carried values of $25,000, 
and Noa7 through 9 were tied. Undo- 
the two-tic-aD-tk format, the money was 
carried over — setting up a $ 100,000 
value on Sunday’s first hole. 

Fuzzy ZoeOer, making his first ap- 

pearance in the annual cranpeotioa and 
shut out over the first nine holes, and 
Palmer matched par 4s on the seventh. 

On the eighth, a par-3, ah four hit the 
green. NkJdans missed from 20 feet. 

Watson birdied from 15, but Palmer 

rolled in a 12-footer, Zoefler, who was 
looking ax a putt of e^it feet, pideedup 
his ball and gave Palmer a hug. 

Both Palmer and Niddaus reached the 

green on the par-5 ninth in two, Nicklaus 

nCGlII I ■ 11 ulit wo A O OUM* 4 M tllN pkrtk" 



Arnold Ptimer, embraced by Frizzy 
Zoefler on Srtbniay’s eighth green. 


Palmer two-putted for birdie from about 
90 feet. Nicklaus also two-putted from 
long range, making a four-footer for the 
birdie that forced the carryover. 

“After what I did on the first hok, I 
was hoping maybe Jack would recipro- 
cate —but he didn’t,” Palmer said. “Bm 
then, he hardly ever docs." 


Down by 12, Browns Rally to Nip Giants, 35-33 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dhpatekex 

EAST RUTHERFORD, New Jersey — 
Earnest Byner’s nine-yard touchdown run 
with 1 :52 to play.cbmpleted a rally from a 12- 
point deficit that gave the-Gevdand Browns 
a 35-33 National FoothaD. Lcague victoiy 
over the New Yaric Giants here &nufay. 

Hie- Giants drove from their omit 10 to 
Cleveland's 18 with four seccods reuuuni ng, 
but Eric Sdmbert’s 34-yard field goal try was 
wide left after a bad snap. 

The. Browns trailed by 33-21 with 11:43 
nanai mng btf ore quarterback Gary Damd- 
son drove' than to 14 unanswered' paints. 
Danielson, who did not start because of a 
sbouldttirgury, rqtlaced rootoeBemisKosar 
eariy in the second half. . • ■ . ' , 

He hit Clarence Weathers on a 25-yard 
pass to make it 33-28 with 8:52 left, and 
BynerisseriH^TDoflheganiecqmedan80- 
yard drive that moved 7-6 Qcvclaxm intosolc 
possession of first place in. the American 
Conference Central Division. The Giants fdl 

NatkmafccmferaiDe Eas^*** - 7 
Both of GtjvdantTs late touchdowps .were , 
aided by fourth-down conversian£ Kerin 
Mack nahedfor 3 yards on.4th-and-2 from 
the Giant 28^ ^ prior to Weathers’s recep- 

tion, and Byno-.caaght a 26-yHrdpass from 
Danaboo-On 4tb-and-2 to. the New York 20 
to set tqj. his game-wnming scores 
The Browns also scoid'onnms ot42 yards . 
byMadrind 2 yar^by Byncr anctAJ'Gross's 
37-yard- interception rrtnm, yf: 

Joe.MormgJuaed 13-1 yards aMsdwed an 
rims of'58, 5' tmd 3 yarns .to raise lris fraa- 
duse^ri^t sm^e-scason touchdown record to; 
14. New. Yak Abo scored on a 29-yard pass 
from Phil Snubs; to Bobby Johnson and 
Schubert field goals of 35 and 40 yards: •' 
Brooaw .31, Steeftets 23: in! Pittsburgh, 
Steve Sewdl ran- two yards with, l:45 to play 
for his.'secbnd fourtb^uaj^toudidownand 
Mike Harden followed with a 42-yard TD an 
an interception return as Denver, reco v e rin g 
from' two SteeJer tbudidowns in a 90-seooajd 
span, rallied to beat. Pittsburgh.: 

The teams combined for five touchdowns . 
in rite final 9:02 of play aa the Broncos (9-4) . 
retained at least, a - share Of the AFC West, 
lead. The. States (6-7) absorixdthdrsaxbd 
straight hautenfidd loss desfrite a touchdown . 


on hfike Merriweather’s 35-yard interception 
return that gave. them a 23-17 lead with 5:02 
to jday. 

Jahn Hway, who bad earlier thrown a 24- 
yard scqriiq; shot to Clint Sanqnon, set up 


NFL ROUNDUP 


SewdTs gamededding plunge with a 27-yard 
compktion to CHaraice Key to the Steder5- 
yard liner SewdTs 12-yard TD run earlier in 
the quarter had given the Broncos a 17-9 lead. 

Harden’s TD return was Denver’s fourth 
interception of a David Woodley pass. The 
Broncos turned three of ' turnovers into 
scores; they also sacked Woodley five times, 
including four by^ defensive end Kari Meck- 
lenburg. 

V Woodley’s 34-yard touchdown' pass to 
Louis Lfrips with 6:32 to play, just 1:30 
l)iefote Maiiweatiiei’s touchdown, had ral- 
lied the Stcdcr* to within 17-16. 

S^nts 29, Items 3: In New Orleans, Mor- 
ten Andersen kicked five Grid; goals and 
rookie Hnebacker Jact Dd Rio led an in- 
spired defertse as the Saints whipped the Los 

* Angeles Rams. Itiwas the first NFL victory 
for Wade PltiQ^ named interim coach of 
the Saints ^^last Monday what his father, Bum 

..Phillips, abrtqrtly iedgned, 

TheNewCWeans defense dcaninated, and 
finally blew open tire game eariy in rite fourth 
Tofonue Poe' picked off. a Dieter 

pas-toiset up the first ^ touchdown of 
. ritegani^b 43-yard pass from Bobby Hebert 
.to ^ic. Martin two plays after the mtercqp^ 

. tion..A little over a nmurte later, llrtrijacker 
James Hajries- sacked Los Angeles tjuarta- 
. .back Jeff Kemp, causing a fumble mat Dd 
Rio scooped up and returned 32 yards For a 
..towMcwn, . . . 

■ . Four mmoles after that, Rickey JaCkson- 
hit Rain tight end David HHI, knockmg.loose' 
thelall loose at the LoyAngdes Inw, . 

whaHePei Rio recovered to set np Andersen’s 

• fifth fiddgoal Andersen's scoring kicks were 

- from 47.^. 35, 27 yards and 35 yards. 

- , Los Angdes got its only points on a 42- 
. yarf firid goal by Mike Lansford with 27 
‘ seconds ldft in the first half. 

TbltRams are 9-4; New Orieans is 5-8. 

^ • Beot ts 45, Oflav Tk In -Cmcmnati,. 
1 Boomer Eriason passed .fpr 320 yards .and 
three touefedowns and liny Kinncbrew ran' 


for three scores to pace the Bengals* ramp 
over Houston. 

Cinci n nati, 6-7, stayed in the thick of the 
congested AFC Central title race, Houston 
fell to 5-8 with three games remaining. 

The Bengals, who hadn't scored a touch- 
down in their previous two gamos, erupted 
for three in the first quarter and put the game 
' away by running the soore to 28-0 eariy in the 
second period. 

^l&astm. who completed 18 of 24 passes for| 

to Rodney Holman, . 57 yards to James 
Brooks and 19 ymlz to Eddie Brown. ' 
Patriots 38, Colts 31: In Indianapolis^ 

quarterijack Tony Eason completed 10 of 11 

"pass attempts during a second-half scoring 
spurt and threw for 293 yards and three 
■touchdowns as New FwginrtH got past the 

Eason's rally. incomplete pass in the second 
half resulted m an interception by Dim An- 
derson. But Eason, who regained a starting 
spot in place of injured Steve Grogan, hit 
seven. straight passes after that, mdudmg.a 


'■=><> 




in the fourth quarter and a 44-yard 
tetion to Tony CoBins that set up the 

nngtoachdownonal-yardnmbyMoa 11 

Tatiqm with 5:21 to aa yL- 

. New England raised its record to 9-4. ThJk*:£j 
Colts, losing their fifth straight ana-; 
falling to 3-10 for the season, got three rush- *■- 

ing TD from fullback Randy McMDan. 

Pwias M, BuccanemO: In Green bay, ’v, 

Wisconsm, Gmy EDb rashed for 101 yards 

and a toechdown whEe Lynn Dk*ey passed 

for 299 yards and scored the first TD on a 1- ’ 

yard ran as the Packers blanked Tampa Bay.* 
Didoy*^ ^second-qnarterscramMe and A 1 
Dd Greco’s extra pant gave the Pacta a 7- 
. 0 lead. EHUbuHed 35 yards through ^the snow 
on the opening posscssaon rf the second half 
for the second socne^the touchdown run had 
.been set up fry his own 40-yard kickoff n>» 
torn). Green fey, widened its lead in ti w» 
quarter 00 a 3-yard TDrun by Jessie C 

^ game was played mnear-blizzaid 

tiitions, with a fierce wind that He w sno# 
horizontal re&icing viaiHlity and hWKng 
yardmarkas.- At thegasn-opening toss, wen 
by Green Bay, officials and play?™ hari AUtC , 

- gulty finding the coin in the snow.fAP, £#£ X? 


ii 


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■ > 

4, - 



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sV.'-a* 


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..INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1985 


Page 19 


SPORTS 


^Faust Is Routed in Finale 
% s Miami Hands the Irish 

Years 


? or. A 



- " Peek Times Service - - 

"i The University of 
assured of a both 
-^j^theSB^-Sn^fini^editssea-- 
7-- ^ S w in crashing rtjie Saturday. 

iCsoringftoriy every rime they had 
52 1 ‘ ?.■£« baflrlbe Hurricanes ended Ger- 
v Faust's five-year tenure as comdi 

; ■ ” — 

*■^*5 C OLLEGE FOOTBALL 

NoftriJame with , the Fighting 

- ’i‘* ;*ft. t*’* won* loss in 41 years, and 

*i> jj je lourtfcwoist m the scfaooPshis- 
Theacore was 58-7. 

7 "C * Thai save the Irish a 5-€ record. 

^'^^te'saoMS Faust posted in his first 
1 ;>■’ i^iasOT, and gave the former high 
'■* V^hooToMch a 30-26-1 nark at 

, . . ''otreDame. 

■ - acAtj: {“It just didn’t work out the way 

^4 ' iwe warned, " Faust said, according 
.V ; ; :iri 'Ujlt The Associated Press. “My fed- 
^.f ; iWgs ait for the players more than 
i v % jythinft. You have to bleed for 
ianaStk-H 

For the Hurricanes, the victory 
i.'s * e r th*. 10th straight after a loss 
jjji Ftaridain their opening game. It 
>:r ‘ : ^'-^aJve them a 10-1 record, and eo- 
mced their chances of w i nnin g 

• ,a . 1 ' it *& national championship with a 

'£« kr&oty over Tennessee in the Sugar 
' •“" v ci^3«l if the presently top-ranked 

• -inn, Penn State, loses to Oklaho- 
r *- : liji* in the Orange Bowl gaww. — 

-• ■* tud if Miaixri gets a Httle hick in the 

Ssps^Uia Hurricanes scored on eight 

- - their 10 possessions and on a 
■ r ;: t ".i^nira -°f an interception and a 

r. r.Nsoefced pnnL Vinny Testaverde, 
:r - r ‘ ? ;i5amfs junior quarterback, com- 
i_-eted 22 of 32 passes for 356 yards 
two touchdowns. 

' -c v^The Hurricanes were having 
t :n-T: ^ jne of this sentimental business 
"•« -^behalf of Faust They scored on 
>--!* -7^'; Cur of their five first-half posses- 
; r ' L jns— and one of Notre Dame’s 
;r : 7 — C to lead by 27-7 at the mtemris- 

r! - CFrom die start, the Miami of- 
' "use seemed to do just about any- 

■ - ■: L-ingit wanted, and rally an occa- 

joal dropped pass or missed 

• -.'j:. ^ -bek marred the Hurricanes’ play 
..j. .-die early stages. In the first half 

-_-;jqy pnlgamed the Irish, 243 yards 
: ;c : 180, as Testaverde completed 13 

77 > 20 passes for 188 yards. 

.?r •. . . Miami opened the scoring with a 
■ ; _ - --yard field goal by Greg Cox, 

. .ding a 68-vard drive. The Irish 
en had the ball for 45 seconds, 

ag enough to run three plays and 

- . -.j mL The Hurricanes regained pos- 
{son at their 45. This time, they 
eded five plays, increasing their 


lead to 10-0 on Tcstaverde’s six- 
yard kciing pass to haHback War- 
ren Williams.' 

-- The IriA held the ball a little 
longer after the next kickoff, but 
with no better results. They again 
bad - to punt and the Hurricanes 
moved from their 41 to die Notre 
Dame 29; Cox soon locked a 47- 
yard field goal to make it 13-0. 

Then the Irish seemed to settle 
down, moving from their 20 and 
crossing midfield for die first time 
on a 21-yard pass from Steve 
Bernstein to Tony Eason. Buz an 
liie next play, Beuedem tried to 
throw a s c reen, pass to naming 
back Alien Pmkett as the Hurri- 
canes blitzed. The Irish jacked up 
the Witz, but Miami's free safety, 
Bennie Blades, p«^wt off die p*« 
and returned it 61 yards for a 
touchdown, slowing only to gjvea 

SefwyrT 0 Brown* near theTive-yard 

line. 

With the score 20-0, Faust sub- 
stituted for the entire offense, with 
Terry Andrysak at quarterback. 

Toe new players, later joined by 
Pinketf, responded with an 80-yard 
drive that ended with Pinketfs 
three-yard touchdown nm and cut 
Miami’s ***** to 20-7. 

But the Hurricanes we re hardly 
finished. After a 29-yard kickoff 
return by Melvin Bruton pot Mi- 
ami at its own 32, Testaverde need- 
ed less than five minutes to get the 
Hu rricanes annriiw touchdown. 
With the help of two 22-yard com- 
pletions, to split end Brett Perry- 
man and flanker Mike Irwin, Mi- 
ami dro v e to the Notre Dame 
seven. Then Testaverde hit Bratton 
an a neat square-in partem in the 
end zone to push the lead to 27-7. 

The Irish second-teamers got an- 
other chance to score, but after 
Andiysiak was sacked twice for 
losses of 10 yards, they had to settle 
for a 49-yard field goal try. John 
Carney’s kick went wide to the left 

In other top games. United Press 
International reported: 

Oklahoma 13, Oklahoma State 0: 
In Stillwater, Spencer Tillman 
scored with a t hre e-y ar d nm on an 
ice-covered field and Tim Lashar 
kicked two field goals as the sec- 
ond-ranked Soonera won the Kg 
Eight Conference game. 

Alabama 25, Adnm 23: In Bir- 
mingham, Alabama, Van Tiffin’s 
fourth fidd goal of the Southeast 
Conference game, a 52-yarder into 
the wind with no time left to play, 
gave the Crimson Tide its victory in 



Evert, Navratilova Advance ; Shriver Ousted 


Brett Perriman was knocked bead over heels, but die Miami 
receiver held on to the ball to set np a second-quarter score. 


Cenpiled by Ovr Staff From Daptacfta 

MELBOURNE — Top-seeded 
Chris Evert Lloyd and the No. 2 
seed, Martina Navratilova, moved 
into the women’s final 16 of the 
Australian Open tennis champion- 
ships Sunday. But the fourth- 
ranked woman, Pam Shriver, also 

AUSTRALIAN OPEN 

of the United States, was upset by 
Caterina Lindqvist of Sweden 
while John McEnroe won despite 
being aced with an underarm serve. 

On Saturday, Johan Kriek con- 
tinued his bid fra a third men’s 
singles title at the open when he 
overpowered Peter Doohan of Aus- 
tralia in a heated third-round 
match 

A record seventh-day crowd, put 
at more than 13,800, packed the 
Kooyong complex Sunday to 
waidh under a blistering sun and in 
a haze of cottonllke buds of thistle- 
down that were blown in from sur- 
rounding parklands and affected 
the players’ concentration, particu- 
larly on tbdr sendee windups. 

Evert took just 60 minutes to 
beat Diane Balestral of Australia. 
6-4, 6-1, and move on to a Tuesday 
match against Mannela Maleeva of 


Bulgaria, who earlier defeated her 
sister. Katerina. 6-2, 6-1. Navrati- 
lova overwhelmed the unseeded 
Ann Hobbs of England. 6-3, M. 

In addition to Lindqvist’s 3-6, 6- 

3, 6-2 upset of Shriver, compatriot 
Stefan Edberg beat Matt Anger of 
the United States, 5-7, 7-6 (9-7), 6- 

4, 7-5, and the defending champi- 
on, Mats WOander of Sweden, took 
to the center court for the first time 
and outclassed T,e if Shiras of the 
United States, 6-2, 6-3. 6-2. 

The center court had a spillover 
crowd of 9,400 as officials allowed 
spectators to sit on the second cen- 
ter court. Ambulance teams treated 
23 persons for heat exhaustion. 

Ivan Lendl of Czechoslovakia, 
the men’s top seed, defeated Ben 
Testerman of the United States, 6- 
3, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2, but complained of 
being unable to keep his footing on 
the grass courts. McEnroe gave a 
largely lifeless performance in de- 
feating the acrobatic Nduka Odi- 
zor of Nigeria, 4-6, 6-2, 6-4, 6-2. 

Evert was in superb form and 
peppered Balestrat with powerful 
drives in a game played mainly 
from the baseline. But when she did 
move to the net. Evert hammered 
her opponent with hard, deep vol- 
leys to the baseline. 


“I thought 1 played and moved 
well, and I appreciated the sunny 
weather," Evert said. “It reminded 
me of my hometown in Florida, but 
those fluffy little things dropping 
out of the sky upset me and all the 
other players as welL" 

Hana Mandlikova of Czechoslo- 
vakia. the women’s No. 3 seed, 
stopped Wendy Turn bull of Aus- 
tralia, 6-3, 6-4. and fifth-seeded 
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch of West 
Germany eliminated Jo Dune of 
England, seeded 13th, 3-6. 6-1, 6 -X 

The 10-ranked Lindqvist, 22, 
came back from being down 3-6, 1- 
3 and 15-30 on Shriver’s service for 
ber upset She reeled off 10 straight 
games to lead, 5-0, in the final set, 
but Shriver rallied to 2-5, saving 
two match points in the process, 
before again dropping her serve. 

McEnroe continually sauntered 
around the court trying to get his 
game together and had wandered 
nearly to the backdrop when Odi- 
zor, serving at 40-0 in the sixth 
game of the second set, aced the 
former Wimbledon champion with 
a gentle underarm lob. 

McEnroe simply dropped his 
head, but from then on discarded 
his nonchalant attitude and pro- 
duced some magnificent shots. In 


another contest between intrastate 
rivals. . Alabama’ s .freshman run- 
ning back. Gene Je&a, gained 192 
yards and made it 22-17 on a 74- 
yard dash with 5:57 kft Auburn's 
Bo Jackson, the Heisman 
Trophy candidate, celebrated Ms 
23d birthday by rushing 31 rimes 
for 142 yards and two touchdowns. 

Auburn had taken a 23-22 lead 
on Reggie Ware’s one-yard nm 
with 57 seconds left, but quarter- 
back Mike Simla then led Alabama 
to the Anbnm 35, putting Tiffin in 
field goal range. 

Tennessee 30, VandeshOt 0: In 
Knoxville, Tennessee, the Volun- 
teers wan their first SEC title since 
1969 and (heir first Sugar Bowl 
berth since 1971 as Daryl Dickey 
passed for 299 yards and three 
touchdowns. Tennessee and Flori- 
da each FtnkhftH nidi 5-1 confer- 
ence records, but Florida, die only 
team to beat Tennessee, is on pro- 
bation fra recruiting violations. 

Georgia Tech 20, Georgia 16: In 
Atlanta, Gary Lee retained a kick- 
off 95 yards for a touchdown late in 
(he thud quarter to help Tech upset 
its intrastate rival 

Southern CaSfocuia 20, Oregon 
6 In the Mirage Bowl in Tokyo, 
two first-quarter fumble recoveries 
led to scores and helped Southern 
Cal finish its regular season at 6-5 
arid avoid taking a losing record 
into the Aloha Bowl against Ala- 
bama. 


World Cup Official Proposes 
Cash Prizes for Top Finishers 


United Pres latenuvional 

SESTRIERE, Italy — A propos- 
al to offer prize money to top fin- 
ishers of World Cup da races was 
voiced publtefy fra the first rime by 
the competition’s founder, Serge 
t-ang, on Saturday, the day before 
the start of the cup's winter season. 

“This is a matter I’ve brought up 
for discussion,” $*id T-an^ who 
created the circuit 20 years ago. 
“It’s my opinion that we should 
offer prize money. All die coaches 
and racers are for it Why work 
with illusions?” 

Lang's proposal, which would 
need the approval of the Interna- 
tional Ski Federation (FIS), has 
been circulating privately for 
months. 

U I don’t know how mnch money 
we’re talking about,” said Tang 
“Maybe a company could give a 
prize of $100,000 to the winner of 
the Hahnenkamm downhill at 
KitzbOhel fin January).” Kitzbfl- 
hd, Austria, one of the glamour 
stops on the four-month cup calen- 
dar, draws paying crowds of 30,000 
or more fra two days of racing. 

tang alluded to the changes of 
the past two years in track and 
fidd, which now offers legitimate 


prize money through its seasonlong 
.grand prix series. *T think if Primo 
Nebioio can create interest in the 
most conservative of all sprats 
[track and field] and turn it into a 
modem sport, then we in ski racing 
should be able to do the same,” he 
said. Nebioio heads the Interna- 
tional Amateur Athletics Federa- 
tion. 

I -a rig said the proposal could 
possibly be approved when the FIS 
meets for its annual spring session. 

He also said officials are consid- 
ering a change in the dreoit’s for- 
mat, in which 49 men’s races and 38 
women’s events rat three continents 
are scheduled this season. “It 
would be bared on earning the right 
to race," he said. “Maybe the 60 
best ski racers in the world at any 
given time would race World Cup. 
The others would drop off to a 
lower circuit and earn points to get 
into the Worid Cup." 

The proposal, patterned after the 
grand prix system in tennis, has 
been proposed to FIS, Lang said. 
“It’s time for a change in World 
Cup. We have a good structure but 
we need to strengthen ft. A com- 
plete format change would be good 
for ski racing.” 



Rok Fetrovic n action Sunday. 


Petrovic Wins 
First Slalom 

Untied Press Inumarwnal 

SESTRIERE, Italy — Yugoslav 
Rok Petrovic won tire men’s World 
i Cup slalom race when the Europe- 
an leg of the competition began 

WORLD CUP SKDNG 

here Sunday. It was the first slalom 
erf the season; two downhills were 
held in Argentina last August 

Petrovic. 19, won his first-ever 
cup race with a flawless second run 
down the Kandahar course after 
the likes of Luxembourg’s Marc 
Girarddli and Pianm Zwbriggen 
of Switzerland failed to finish a 
course of 65 gates in the morning 
run and 59 in the afternoon. 

Petrovic had runs of 52.62 and 
48.17 seconds for an aggregate of 
1:40.79. Second in 1:4153 was Yu- 
goslav Began Krizaj; Italian Ivano 
Edalini was third in 1:41.69. 

The victory gave Petrovic 25 
points in tire overall standings, 
which are led by Swiss downluUers 
Karl Alpiger, with 50 points, and 
Peter MQller, with 32. all gained 
from tire races in Argentina. Petro- 
vic is tied for third with Marcus 
Wasmaier erf West Germany. 

Petrovic wem the world junior 
slalom title here two years ago. 


the fourth round he will meet Henri 
Leconte of France, tire 13th seed, 
who beat tire unseeded John Sadri 
of the United States, 7-6 (7-1), 6-3. 
7-6 (7-4). 

Lendl was in a sour mood when 
be beat Testerman and was fined 
S500 for an audible obscenity. 

Lendl joined tire swelling ranks 
of players who have called tire cen- 
ter court the worst grass court in 
the world. He said ft is “no good 
r unning around and diasing bard 
for shots and run tire risk of falling 
over." 

He said that it is “tough to say if 
grass is my surface or not because I 
can’t stay on my feet here.” 

Asked what could be done to 
improve the courts, be said: “1 
think they should pour concrete on 
it overnight and start again tomor- 
row." And what had he said to 
incur the penalty? “I implied the 
court has had too mud) sex," Lendl 
replied. 

W dander, i i nri n g fra his third 
straight championship, played 
magnificently He served deep, vol- 
leyed wdl and always was in con- 
trol as he trounced Shiras. 

The fifth-seeded Edberg came 
from a set down and 1-6 in the 
second set tie breaker to edge An- 
ger. 

Unseeded Michiel Shapers of 
Holland, who upset the Wimble- 
don champion Boris Becker in the 
second round, reached the final 16 
with a 6-2. 6-4, 7-6 (8-6) victory 
over countryman Huub Van Boe- 
keL 

Turnbull, the women's ninth 
seed, had 6-0, 6-0 victories in two 
earlier rounds but was no match for 
Mandlikova. The Czech will play 
Zina Garrison in the quarterfinals. 
The sixth seeded American defeat- 
ed compatriot Ann Henricksson, 4- 
6, 6-1, 6-3. 

The last women’s quarterfinal 
berth was won by eighth seeded 
Helena Sukova of Czechoslovakia, 
who downed Australian teen-ager 
Amanda Dingwall, 6-3, 6-1. 

On Saturday, Kriek and Doo- 
han, 24, holder of tire Australian 
hard-court title, exchanged bitter 
words as each tried to put the other 
off his game by serving quickly and 
stalling. 

“I don’t hate Mm and I don’t 
think he hates me," said Kriek, who 
was bom in South Africa but now 
resides in the United States. He 
added that It’s just that he tried to 
quick-serve me several times, and I 
asked him to hang on as I was not 
ready. That’s when he blew up. 

“He was so anxious to fast-serve 
me they foot-faulted him twice.” 

Also on Saturday, Mandlikova 
defeated tire British veteran Virgin- 
ia Wade, playing singles in a grand 
slam tournament for the last time, 
6-2, 7-6 (7-4). (UPI.AP) 


SCOREBOARD 

•• ■ — •• 

— • : — - 

— •••••••• 

- - - — ■ ■ ■ — * — - • 

Hockey 

Basketball 


ational Hockey Tjggnft Standings 


WALES CONFERENCE 
Patrick MvMM 

W L T PH OF QA 
adoWiia » I I I 1H B 

Mnaton M 7 3 31 95 73 

-utandan 10 B 5 25 18 87 

Rangers 11 12 1 23 n 71 

9 11 1 W 75 85 
8 12 3 19 87 87 


CAMPBELL CONFERENCE 


eburgn 


bee 

tala 

ilraal 

'Word 


Adams DMxtan 


11 • 
12 10 
12 11 
11 9 

11 II 


28 09 77 

25 85 75 

25 87 7* 

25 99 aa 

22 87 19 


St. Louis 

10 

9 ■ 

3 

23 

78 

84 

Chtonoo 

9 

10 

4 

22 

95 

99 

Minnesota 

6 

12 

4 

18 

85 

94 

Detroit 

• 

13 

4 

14 

7S 

117 

Taranto 

5 

Smvtbe 1 

15 3 

Mvtstoa 

13 

79 

103 

Edmonton 

14 

4 

3 

35 

114 

S3 

Ctiearv 

13 

7 

3 

» 

180 

79 

Vancouver 

9 

13 

3 

21 

W1 

W7 

Wfonlneg 

8 

M 

2 

18 

84 

114 

Las Anoetes 

5 

14 

3 

13 

75 

119 


FRIDAY’S RESULTS 


2 3 

• 1 


European Soccer 


3j 


ENGLISH FIRST DIVISION 
anal 8 Birmingham a 
m villa 1. Tottenham 2 
rich It Sheffield WeOnatdav 1 
1, Chelsea I 
m 2. Manchester CHv 1 
# (Chatter United 1, Watford 1 
•cattle 2. Leicester 1 
IWs Pork Rangers 0. Co van try 2 
hamMon 2, Everten 3 
t Ham K Weft Bromwich 0 
date: Mancneeter United 43; Liverpool 
Weet Ham 38; Chelsea 37; Sheffield 
needay 35; EverkmM; Arsenti S3; Luton 
-Newcastle 29; Queens Perk Rangers 27; 
' 'inshore Forest 26; Tottenham 25; Wat- 
' . Coventry atv23; Southampton 21 ; As- 
VBta 19; Manchester Cftv. Oxford. Leicafc- 
. 18; Birmingham 17; Ipswtd) Town 12; 

't Bromwich 7. 

■ WEST GERMAN FIRST DIVISION 
W»ta MWadboch *. Bavom Munich 2 
er Leverkusen 2, Schatke 0 
him DuesseMorf V. Bayer Uerdlngan 1 
vsNa Dortmund Z Hamer 0 
.tarsteutefn 1, Saarbruecfcen 1 
(for Bremen 6, Stuttoart 8 
dots; Warder Bremen 25; Borussla Mfln- 
igiadbach. Bayern Munich 22; Hamburg 
■Saver Leverkusen 19; Badwm 17: WoM- 

Monahelm. Cologne. Kabersleutem, 

- tgart. Bower Uer ol noen 14; Schtike. Bor- 


usaia Dortmund w; Saortoruocken 13; Bln- 
trocM Fi u d U urt. Hanover 12; Nurembera 10; 
Fortune □ueSStidOTl 9. 

FRENCH FIRST DIVISION 
Bastla 2. Nantes 3 
Auxarre I, Nice 2 
Metz 0. Toulon 2 
Bordeaux 0. Parte-SG 0 
Monaco 1, Rennes 0 
Toutoum 1, Lori 1 
Laval 2< Nancy 0 
Marseille 1 Brest a 
Lflle 2, Strasbourg 8 
La Havre 1, Sochaux 8 

Patels: Parta-SG 38; Nantes 31; Bordeaux 
3D; Lera 26; Monaco 25; Nice 24; Metz. Nancy, 
Laval Auxerre 23; Toulouse 21; Toulon, 
Rennes 19; Maretilte, Lo Havre, Brest 18; 
Lilia 17; Soctekix. Baste) 15; Strasbourg 14. 

ITALIAN FIRST DIVISION 
AveHIno 1, Atticoito 8 
Bari I, Neman 2 
Como L Torino 1 
Juventus I, FlorenHna 0 
MHan Z Inter Milan 2 
Plea 3, Lecoe 0 
Samoa aria 1, Roma 0 
Udtoeee 5, Verona 1 

Palate: Juventus 21; NoptilH; Inter Milan. 
AC MUcxi 15; Torino M; Florenttna Rome 13; 
AveHIno 12; UdbMee, Samodorta U; Atatan- 
ta Plea, Verona 18; Bari 8: Como 7; Leoce 6. 


Slnlsdo 2 (141, Breen CO. SmtHi (4); Gra- 
ham (4). Shots on goal: PhDadsIPMa (an Ca- 
sey) 10-11-4 — 37; Minnesota (on Freese. Jen- 
■n) 1 19* 28. 

N.Y. Mredere 3 8 1-4 

Wkmleeg 8 1 8—1 

T rattler (9), Ptivln (5), Coutter (3). Tamili 
(I); Hounrehuk (14). abate ea goal: Neat 
York (en Howard, Bouchard) M-4— 3D; Win- 
nipeg Ion Smith) 95-11—24. 

1 I 4-4 
1 1 6-2 

Robtnean (3). Milan UJ.Trecnbtev (3). Char- 
barmeaa 2 «); Andreychuk (t), Ruff (9). 
Shots an eeaJ: Montreal (an Barrasso) 134- 
10-32; Buffalo (an Soaloart) 5-11-9-25. 

St. Laois 3 0 6—1 

Detroit 2 3 •— S 

Larson (6). Oarodntck 2 (11). Duguay (7), 
GaHont (13); Multan (13). Barr (3). Pasiairekl 
(5). Shots aagati:SLLaais (on Staton) 8-5-9— 
22j Detroit (an Wamtiav) 7-TI-4— 2A 
Hartford 4 1 8-5 

Vancouver I * 1—4 

Gavln2(7),Dlneanl9),Farrara(6),Btitedi 
(5); Snrvt (9). Lnmay (7), Tamballbil (S), 
(Tantt (18). Shota on goal: Hartford (an Bro- 
daur. Crartca) 13-10-V-af; Vancouver (on 
Uuf. Weeks) 10-15-13-38. 

H.Y. Hrassn 3 2 8-5 

I 8 8-4 

r ro.Pevetldb (141. Hahn man 13), 
Huber (1), Breaks (10); Hannrth (13). Ste- 
vens 12). Shots an gate: New York (an 
Footers! 1V7-B— 26: Washington (on vonbfes' 
branch) W-9-10-39. 


National Baaked>an Aseociatum Standings 


RASTRRM CONFERENCE 



W 

L 

Pet. 

GB 

Boston 

15 

2 

JB2 

— 

Philadelphia 

9 

f 

-S2S 

4 

New Jersey 

10 

9 

SU 

6 

Washington 

7 

M 

M 

8 

Now York 

4 

14 

an 

lWh 


Central Dtotteen 



Milwaukee 

15 

4 

JU 

— 

Detroit 

12 

7 

JOB. 

2 

Atlanta 

1 

11 

Jtn 

6 

Cleveland 

7 

10 

412 

6 

Chicago 

7 

12 

ate 

7 

Indiana 

3 

U 

.176 

to 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 



Mkfwsst Dtvtaten 



Houston 

13 

4 

484 

— 

Denver 

12 

4 

447 

V3 

tfttii 

11 

8 

J79 

2 

Dallas 

9 

7 

463 

2ta 

San Antanto 

9 

8 

S3f 

3 

Socramonto 

S 

12 

an 

7 


Pactflc Mvtstoa 



LA. Latere 

14 

2 

JOS 

— 

Portland 

12 

7 

432 

sy> 

Seattle 

8 

10 

444 

7 

Golden State 

8 

11 

421 

71b 


L-A. enpoorx 6 12 30 t 

Phoenix 3 15 .1*7 12 

FRIDAYS RESULTS 

P bltede te hte *1 31 27 31—118 

lr~" 36 23 M 27—188 

Malone 8-1B 10-13 26, Thomason »-U VI 17; 
Tlsdate 11-1* M =, Wllllains 1M1 34 73. R»- 
h Bends; Philadelphia 46 (Barkley 12); indV 
ana 39 msdote IT). Asateta: PlUladelpltte 21 
(Ervloo 8); Indiana a (Rkhardson 8). 
SacriBtia 35 27 37 23-111 

Deans »»3B 33-131 

Aguirre 13-71 1-3 27, Porkhw 18-14 64 27. 
Harper VU34 19; Theue 1 1-1J V223, Drew 6-13 
54 17. Rebounds: Sacramento 48 (Klolne, 
Thompson 6); Danas 51 (Donaldson ID). A*- 

stats; Sacramento JO I DnrenThaue 5); DaOax 

41 (Homr, Vincent 8). 

York 19 3* 25 28-88 

Boston 22 22 31 18-94 

Bird 11-23 9-11 31, McHtie 44 10-11 18; Ewtna 
9-21 1V1429, Cunvntogs9-3D322D. RsBoente: 
New York 51 ICummlnosai; Boston 63 (Bird 
15]. Assists; New York 16 (Cummtnoe. spar- 
row, Tucker 3); Boston 23 (Johnson 7). 

I 25 29 W M— H2 

-37 21 38 29—111 
Trlpucfco 7-17 12-15 26. Urfmbeer 8-17 7-7 23; 


Ptereo 49 44 18, Prosser 6-14 4-5 17. Rn- 
b aa n d s: Mlhvautue 55 [Presiev 18); Detroit 
88 (Lalmbeor 15). Attests: MUwaukee 2D 
(Prasoav 9); DetroH 25 (Thomas ♦}. 
AtlMrtn 22 25 32 ID— 97 


Selected U«S. College Results 


Football 


•S. College Bowl Schedule 


CALIFORNIA BOWL 
(At Fresno, CotMj 

.: rtfD S Green, 114. vs. F regno SL. 104-1 
Dec. 21 

CHERRY BOWL 
■ Ml Pooftoc, Mlcto 
. «» 7-3. VS. MoryktoCL M 

INDEPENDENCE BOWL 
(At Shrevepert, LaJ 
:■ man. 45. w. Ml n ra artn. 6-5 
Dec, 31 

HfHJDAr BOWL 
(At 3oi Dtego) 

. M. vs. Arizona SL. M 

DM27 

LIBERTY BOWL 
: (At Mantels Tmsl) 

'for, H vs. Loublana St. 8-1-1 


: ^ected CoRege Results 

EAST 

' *1 Mtxtt cJti r SL 21 

*88 Island 3L Akron 27 
Vlrstaa tt Syracuse 10 
^ “WH 

25, Auburn 23 
rte " Florida St. 14 

“ ".TatnoeW 
|mi (Ffcj se. Notre Dam# 7 
VteWetWH 8 
SOUTHWEST 
** GremMlnB SL 7 
don H Rke 28 
■tetow TLOkltixxnastD 
FAS WEST 
Jwhrt »*«n Mots 38 
irton St 43 , Pactfle u. 37 
nH m Sen Diego st 10 
ekaio st 31, CaUfovte a 
.tern CM SR Oregoe 4 


FLORIDA CITRUS BOWL 
(At Orlande, FtoJ 

Ohto St. 94 ve. Brigham Youna, 10-2 
SUN BOWL 
(At El PdfftTtxas/ 

Georgia 7-3-L vrv ATtxona M 
ALOHA BOWL 
(At HonolnW 

Southern California vs. Alabama bo-1 

Deere 

FREEDOM BOWL 
(At Anatalm, CaBU 
Washington. 45. vs. Cotorodo. 7-4 
GATOR BOWL 
(At Jodtsenvuite Fie) 
GUahoma SL, S-X vs. FtorMe SI. B3 
Dec 31 

BLUEBONNET BOWL 
(At Ha«*M) 

Air Force, 11-1, vs. Texas. M 
PEACH BOWL 
(At Attonto) 

Army. 84 vs. IWntis, 4-4-1 

AlX-AMERICAH BOWL 
(At Blrmlnghem, AiaJ 
MJehtoan SL, 74, vs. Georgia Tech, 8-2-1 
JOB. 1 

FIESTA BOWL 
(At TeOPte ArfxJ 
Michigan. 9-M, v*. Nebraska. 9-2 
COTTON BOWL 
(At Dodos) 

Texas AEM, 94. a Auburn. 8-3 
ROSE BOWL 
(At Pasadena, CtiHj 
UCLA. 9-M, vs. Iowa, 10-1 

SUGAR BOWL 
(At New Orisons) 

Miami (Raj, ID-1 vs. Tenn es see. 8-1-2 
ORANGE BOWL 
(AtMlanl) 

Oklahoma, H vk Penn St. U-0 


SATURDAY'S RESULTS 

138 6—4 
8318—4 
Secard (9). Larmer (8).Otczvk (8). Savant 
(13); CMhmne 2 (81. Steens (4), wells (4). Shots 
an goal: Odcage (en Eliot) 10*4-4-46; Lae 
Angeles (an Bonnerman) 49-7-9—34. 

N.Y. Islanders 3 D 1—3 

Calgary 2 2 8-4 

Qulm 112). McDonald (11), RenHnski m. 
Rlsebraugh (7); Flatter (U.TonelH (9). Brent 
Sutter (31. Shete ea seal; N.Y. i s l an der s (an 
LemeRn) s-13-iD-n; Cateary (an Krudey) 
11.104-29. 

Mhuweata 8 2 1-4 

SL Louts 8 2 9-4 

Ranage (3), Barr (4). Slbnaur (•), Reeds 
O) ; Graham <5>,McKegney (8).Beltows O0>. 
Shota an goal: Mtoneaoto (enWemstav) MV 
13-37; St Louis (en Beoupre) 1H9-M— 44, 
Detroit .18 8—1 

Montreal S 3 3-18 

DceiRn (12), Camay (6). Robinson (4), Na*- 
iund 116), Corbonneou 2 (8), Momeeeo 2 (8), 
Tremblay (4).Shrudtand (3): Ooretfnlck 02). 
Shota an geaL- Ctefrefr (on Ray) 444—17; 
Menlreel (on Stefan. Mia) 11-10-7—29. 
Bedtio 8 110-2 

Toraato *11 1—3 

Frvoar (8), Thomas 2 (3); Pernoutt (11), 
Orlando 15). Shota ea vent: Buffalo (on Ed- 
vranta) 54-7-1— 31; Toronto (an Pwnna) 4-144- 
2-21 

Hertford 3 1 1—5 

Edmontoo 4 2 3-4 

Hunter (4), Huddy (2k Coffey (7). Kurri 
(11), Gretzky (18), Master 2 05), Sancnke 
Mi; Crawfort 2 (7), Mafono 2 (5). Bathweil 
(l). Stats Hgaai: Hartford (en Futir) 11-99— 
29; Edmonton (on weeks) 18-W4-0L 

2 2 2-4 

8 2 0-2 

Adorns 2 (7), Christian (14), Gartner (14), 
Stovwts (3), Haworth (14); MacLean (7), Ad- 
ams (4). Station tael; WasMnoton (en Ct*v- 
rfer) 1415-16—41 ; New Jersey (en Jansen) 11- 
149-36. 

8 ■ 9-8 

1 • 1-3. 
P. Stamtv (11), Moiter U). SMs en not: 
Boston (an Mafarchufc) TMMJ— 3fc Quebec 
(an Rlggln) 5-7-5— 17. 

ILY. Rengars 8 8 4-4 

Pittsburgh 2 2 1-5 

Undstrom 15). CeriteYworth (4). Mentha 
(3), 'Snry (3), Sheddan (U); Osbenie (5), 
Gresdeter (8), Ruataalalnen (4), Brooke (11 ). . 
Shota aaooti: N.Y. Rangere (on Ramona) 9- 
10-211—39; Pittsburgh (en Vmbtosbroudu 10- 
7-5—22. 


FRIDAY 

BAST 

Srrecusn IBS, Southern Cal 68 
Tufts 8a Cedrr 72 

. SOUTH 

Florida S3. Fleride SL 64 
Memphis SL 107, Temaeeee Si. 41 
MIDWEST 

Mlnraseto *5. Son Franctecn SL 63 
SOUTHWEST 
Arkansas 74. Southern 75 
Houston m Texas Westevan 73 


FAR WEST 

HowaD 87, NE Louisiana 84. OT 
Oregon 78, Ruteers J9 
UCLA 91, SL AAOTVY (CtiHJ 42 

SATURDAY 

EAST 

Boston CoL 82, Maine 89 
Brawn 88, Rhode island 84 
Buckneil 70, Princeton 54 
Columbia SL Seton Hon SL OT 
Dartmouth 90, CannecHcut CoL 44 


Transition 


BASKETBALL 


DETROIT— Stated Chuck NevIlT. center. 
FOOTBALL 

NOttodOl r eofoa E Lease# 

N.Y. GIANTS Pta ced Lionel Manual wide 
rec e iver, en Intend reserve. 



Kbte 9-14 H 24 B. Williams 9-11 44 22; 
WIBdnS IV2S 8-18 3L Ejchnson S-10 1-1 11. 
R tew veto : AManta 41 (WHklni 9); New Jer- 
sey 57 (B-WI1 Ham*. Gmlnted 10). Astests; Al- 
tanta 15 (EJehnsonS); New Jersey 30 (Rhte- 
8). 

M 33 21 23—186 
S3 W 29 36— 134 
01 1 mare 9-12 7-9 25, Mitchell 10-184424; M. 
Johnson 13-27 57 29, N1mphh»7-11 0-01L Ra- 
hseerti; Los Araeles43 (Coae 11); San Anto- 
nto53 (&. Johnson 11). Assists; Las Angeles 29 
(Nixon 18); San Antonie B (Moore 13). 
Denver » «l 31 27-129 

Utah 48 13 V 33-114 

English 13-21 6-7 32. Htoixnii 10-13 >5 23; 
□antter 10-21 44 3L Stockton 7-9 >3 17. ■» 
8o—ar Denver 44 (Dunn 11); Utah 34 ihoo- 
ten. Wilkins 7). Assist*: Denver 33 (Lever 61; 
Utah 31 (Stockton >01. 

36 22 27 25— US 
21 34 37 27—136 
Davto 16-23 7-9 39, Nonce >0-14 10-14 30; 
(Nohiwen 7-16 10-14 34, Llavd HMD 2-2 22. Re- 
heeeilT: Houston 53 (Otatewon 12); Phoenix 


Harvard 44. Vermont 42 
LaSalle 92, Ntoaaro 7S 
MlcMoen 49. CeoreJa Tech 44 
Pent SL 79, Lack Haven 54 
Tufts 7L Bowdtin 44 
Yale 49, Fairfield 67 

SOUTH 

Mississippi BL LC-SPortoitburg 74 
Rlchmend 44, Wake Forest 43 
Virginia Tech 9a Old Dominion 74 
MIDWEST 
Akron fa Bownng Green 85 
Brad lev 76, North wes t er n 72 
DePoul 4L N. Illinois 41 
Indiana 89, Kant SL 73 
lowa 92. Abilene ChrisMan a 
Kansas SL 95, S. Colorado 57 
Loyola (IIL) to. N. Carolina SL 58 
Minnesota 66. South Dakota 57 
Notre Dame 87, Butter 54 
Ohio St. 7L Maryland 46 
Wlscansln 75. Marquette 74 
SOUTHWEST 

Oral Roberts 75, Texas Southern 47 
So. Method (st 76. Morean sl 41 
Trace Christian 7L Colorado SL 49 
FAR WEST 

Arizona 5t 72. San Jose St. 64 
California 88. CaFSan Dtego 44 
Wtite 64, Air Force 45 
Louisiana St. 19, BYU-Hawan 71 
Nebraska 44. Wyoming S3 
New Mexico 81, Oregon SL 43 
Oregon 74, Pod Be a 
UCLA 75. Temple 59 
Uttfi 80, Fullerton St. 44 
washlnaton SL 49, Brigham Young 45 


52 (Edwards 12). Asetata: Houston 20 
(McCray, Lucas 4); Phoenix 32 (Davie 7). 
Chicago « 31 31 29-W 

Perthtod 34 38 33 23—123 

V an deeie B tie B-T37-823, Jim Pcaceen 9-144-5 
22; Gervtn S-19 54 2L Bonks 59 34 IX John 
Paxson 5-10 33 U. P Oh n g totr ; OUcngo 33 
(Oakley 14); Portlands! (Thompson 13). As- 
sists; Chicago 27 (John Paxson 9); Portland 
26 (Valentine 7). 

Seattle 35 29 27 24— is; 

L-A. Lahore 29 39 JB 38-Mi 

Abdut-Jabbar 12-197-1C JL Soott 12-20 3-228; 
Chamber* 12-20 54 30. McDaniel 4-12 44 14. 
Retaaota; Seattle 44 (McOantol U); Lae An- 
geles 49 (EJtimson U). Asetata: Seattle 25 
(Henderson ■); Las Angel ea 33 (B-toMson 
17). 


33 14 27 36 18 13-111 
29 M 29 17 18 4—139 
Sflcma 11-23 18-11 32. Chambers 4-14 10-18 18; 
English 9-22 17-19 35. Nutt 7-16 58 19. R»- 
berads: Seattle 59 (SDana 16); Denver 49 
(Cooper 13). Assists: Seattle 2| (Sikina. Hen- 
derson S); Denver 20 (Lever 71. 


Tennis 


Australian Open Results 


MIN 


Utah 


SATURDAY? RESULTS 

25 27 21 16-89 

late 21 M 21 28-88 

Malone 8-1524 18, Green 5-1254 15; Carroll 
U-29 8-1030. Short 8-224-4 20 l Re herad s : Utah 
43 (Mtiont 13); Golden State 66 (Carroll 18). 
Assists: Utah 14 (Danttev, Hansen. Stockton 
3); Golden State 12 (Fiord 4). 

27 27 36 14— M 

28 16 36 31—111 
Cummlnas 11-38 7-9 29. Manorial 9-1554 34; 

Williams 514 44 30. Richardson 7-11 M 14. 
StfpanovlOi 514801 6. Reboaods: Indiana <4 
(Wllllains 9) i MUwaukee 44 (Cummlnes ID). 
Aestata: I rxttana 27 (Fleming. Stanebarv. Gar- 
nett s); Milwaukee 29 (Hodges. Mantatef 8). 

re 24 25 25— m 
31 31 29 48—131 
Ololuwan 5851221. ReU5tl 5521, Llavd 5 
12 52 It; Ttaos 11-1554 27. EJelMSOn 520 54 
22. Reboaods; S a c ram ento 48 (EJtimson, 
Theus 7); Houston 52 (Sampson 15). Assists: 
So cramon toM (Draw 7); Houston 29 (Samp- 
son 4). 


TOURNAMENTS 


Steve Hale had Troy Lems at Pinkie aider pressure la the 
semifinals of tfae Graf Ah&a Shoofart ftamment; North 
Caro&ia won, 73-62, and wiB meet Nwada-Las Vegas for the fftle. 


First 

Miami (FkU BZ Georgia Si 72 
Gtanete Mb Cornafl 57 
Championship; Miami 81, Georgia 78 
Third Ptobs: Georgia Sl. 79, Cornell 77 

Big Apple NIT 
SomHtnoU 

Duke 7L SL John's 70 
Karaas 83, LoutsvHle 78 

Great Alaska Shootout 
First Round 

Pitedw 91 A)Bik»ARdierm 78 
North CaraBoa M, Missouri 63 
Nev^Las Vegas 61. Vlltonova 49 
Arizona 62, Texas-San Antonio 49 

ren r fTi all 
BDnvnpBiB 

North Caroling 73, Purdue 42 
NevrLos Vegas 68) Arizona 59 
Gohiaiatlan Brecksf 
AJasko-An chons e 59, Missaurl 54 
VI I Ionova 67. Ttxa5San Antonie 56 
Hawaii Loa Oatxlc 
First Round 

Oklahoma 81, Marshall 70 
Illinois 72, Hawaii Loa 45 
Chom pin g th i n : Oklahoma 99. Illinois 57 
Third Place: Marshall 77. Hawaii loo 71 

iptav Tournament 

First Round 

Ctemson 92, £. Tanrassoa SL 67 
8. Florida 44, Vtondertmt 45 
rtuimn l wii hlii: Ctemson7(L south Florida to 
TWra Ptace: vtstderWIt 7i E. Tran, sl 73 
MM-Saath Ctotsic 

Championship: Memphis 5L 73. Mtd. Tena. 43 
Third Place: So. Coral (no 78, Tennessee 5142 


29 27 27 *3—113 
Dallas S3 re re re— ire 

Aaulrre 15-25 5-7 35. Perkins 1515 511 29; 
Nixon 1514 2-2 24. Maxwell 4-XJ 1512 15 Re- 
bounds; l_A. Olppors 42 (Coae 13) ; Dallas 54 
(Perking 18). Assists: UA.atopere25 (Nixon 
10); Dallas 26 (Blackman 7). 

25 12 35 15- 9# 
29 27 37 24—119 
Free 1518 51 21, Janem 513 4-420; Dawkins 
5-711-1221. Rkftardson5155m Ramey 512 
531L Reboaods: NowJeney41 (Gmlnskl9); 
CtevelendM (Turpin 12). Asetata: New Jersey 
18 IRltiwrdson51; OevtiondSI (Batiey7). 
Detroit 48 27 38 31—119 

Woghlogto w U 33 38 38-133 

RoW naan 12-21 5-5 39, RWand 1M1 3-4 29. 
Malone 1514 53 22; V. Jatmean 1518 5-7 23, 
Triaudu 1514 4-4 24. Rabaaods; Detreli 42 
(Benson 14) ; wo atmniton 49 (Rukxsd 11). A*, 
tests: Detroit 36 (Dumare M); Westitogton 34 
(Rukxto 11). 

PHtadelPMB 27 « 31 31—115 

New Yore re 23 re 23- is 

Makxte 12-194-8 38. Ttaeoft 511 5-5 17; Cum- 
mlnos 1514 24 23, Ewing 519 4-5 22. Re- 
booads: Phlladetotila 48 (Malone 11); New 
York 47 (Cummings 15). Assists: Phliodet- 
phia 29 (Barkley 10); New York 21 (tagrraw 
ID. 

Boston II 27 » 15-182 

Attoata 21 B re 15- 97 

Bird 13-33M 28k Afoot 7-15 44 18; WUktot 7- 
2099 24, WlliiS 512 1-2 U Battle 510 54 13. 
Rebeonds: Boston 45 (McHaie 8) ; Attanto 44 
(Willis 12). AssSita: Boston 29 (D Johnson 8); 
Atlanta 14 (Battle 5). 


Christo Stem South Africa daL Laurie 
Warder.Austra0a54.56. 53. 4-2; John Fraw- 
lev, Austrtito. del. Llavd Bourne, U&. 54, 57 
(57), 52. 51. 158; Lett ShlraL u Add. Mark 
Ftur.UJL.44. 1-4. 6-4.64.9-7; BenTextormaa 
UJudel Brian Teacher. U3.61.67 (671.74 
(7-3). 74 (74); Wally Masur, Australia del. 
Simon YauL Austrtito. 54, 66 54. 64; Jakob 
Hlaack. CzetitoStovticto, def. Stove Denton. 
U.S. 44, 57, 7-5, 54; Tim WllUsan. US. del. 
Mike Leoch, US. 64. 6562; Mike Depalmer. 
US- def. Damir Heretic. Was! Gemtanv.6L6 
2,64 

Third Round 

Johan Kriek, US. deL Peter Doohan. Aus- 
tralia 7-5, 65 60; Ivan LendL Czechasiovo- 
Uadef. Ben Testerman. UX.64 14,6-3,63; 
John McEnroe, US- del Nduka Odlzor, Nige- 
ria. 44. 62. 6-L 62; Mats wuander. Sweden, 
def. Lett Shiras. US. 64 64 54' Michiel 
Schopera, Nelttertands^eL Huub Van Basket, 
Netherlands. 54 64. 74 (54) ; Stefan Edberg, 
Sweden def. Mott Anger, UA.67,74 (9-7) 44. 
7-5; Slobodan ZJvodnovk. Yugoalavla def. 
Mike Depalmer, US. 67 (1-7). 63. 64 62; 
Jahn Lloyd. Britain, def. Jakob Htoefc, 
CMChaslovgtOn 64 64. 63; Tim GuIDkton, 
U^. def. Darren Cahill Austral to, 64, 64 34. 
64; Christo Stern, South Africa, deL Brad 
Gilbert. US. 24, 64, 64, 7-5; Henri Leconte, 
France, deL John Sadri, US, 74 (7-1 ),64 7- 4 
(74); Tim Wllklaon US. dot Paul Amaceno, 
U-L. 74k 44 4-3; Joaktan Nyterom, Swe d en 
deL John Frewtev, Australia, 44, 7- 5.44 64; 
Wblty Maw. Australia, def. Brad Dvke>AiM- 
trtila, 64, 64 64 62; joy Lapidus. U J. deL 
M or kWeodtonte, Austratla.67 (7-9).6444,2- 
6 74; Ttan Mayotte. UJ- del Roberto Saab, 
Araenttna, 74 (57). 67 (68), 64, m. 

WOMEN 


Wendy TurntxilL Australia def. Elizabeth 
Smylie. Australia 44 4-0; Martina NavrotL 
lava U4. def. Nicole Provb. Australia 63,6 
1; Pom Shriver. UJL. def. R e bec c a Bryant 
Australia, 4-L51; Hana Mandlikova Ctectxt- 
slovakia deL Virginia Wade. Britain, 62, 74 
(741. 

Third Round 

Chris Evert Uovd, UA. def. Diane Bates- 
traL Australia 44 61 ; Martina Navratilova 
U^.deL Amw Hobbs, Britain, 44 51 r Hana 
Mantilkova CxeteioBlovakia del. Wendy 
TurntwIL Australia, 44 44; Zina Garrison 
U JL, def. Ann Henricksson U4. 66, 6L 63; 
Catarina UratavtsL Sweden d«t. Pam Shrt- 
ver. U£. 34, 64 63: Helena Sukova Czedio- 
stovokla deL Amanda DinawriL Austraita.6 
161 ; Claudia KaMwKllsch, West Germony. 
def. Jo Ouria Britain 34, 61, 62; Manuala 
Maleeva, Bulgaria d*C. Katerina Matoeva 
Biitearia t-l 51. 


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Page 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, DECEMBER 2,1985 


LANGUAGE 


A Nasal Engagement 


By William Safire 

W ASHINGTON — How do 
you sound when your nose is 
stuffed up? 

In a recent piece about coryza, 
catarrh, sniffles, grippe and /fa (Jac- 
ques Ra min, who thinks Coryza 
would be a lovely name for a giii 
adds jfwusirir to the list of words we 
use to avoid common cold), I con- 
cluded with this muffled message: 
“I got a code id da node and ub 
gonna bed” 

That spelling — that series of 
represented sounds, to be precise 
— was in error. “As any speech 
teacher could teQ you,” writes Rob- 
ert N. W illiams of New York, “the 

E roblem with speaking when you 
ave a cold in the head is usually 
that the nasal passages are stopped 
up. This congestion prevents the 
normal pronunciation Only of the 
three En g li s h consonants that are 
made through the nose: the nasals 
m as in ‘some,' n as in ‘sun' and ng 
as in ‘sung' or ‘rang.’ ” 

“These three sounds,” he sniffs, 
“will most often change, when the 
nasal passages are blocked, into 
those voiced plosives made with the 
same articulatory adjustments. 
Thus m will become b, n wiQ be- 
come d and ng will become g. You 
can easily check this by holding 
your nostrils dosed as you say the 
sentence.’' 

1 am conducting that experiment 
even as I write Uus, and my corre- 
spondent is correcL 
“The other sounds of English 
speech,” instructs Williams, 
“though their resonance may Ire 
dulled and dampened in some 
cases, wQl not usually change in 
□early such marked degree as the 
nasal consonants. Possibly the dis- 
comforts of a odd could leave one 
unable to make the effort needed to 
speak as dearly as usual, and could 
result in your ‘code’ for 'cold,' or in 
the lethargic substitution of d for 


the voiced A that you have indicat- 
ed for ‘the. 1 But such pronuncia- 
tions as these are as Kkdy to result 
from careless slurring as from the 
physical effect of a bead cold." 

What, then, would be the proper 
way to write the words “I got a edd 
in the nose and Tm going to bed" if 
you want to accurately record the 
sounds of a runny-nosed, watery- 

eyed, chill-suffering speaker? 

The prescription's description: J 
got a cold id the doze add Fb gudda 
bed 

The Lexicographic Irregular, 
who does not make boose calls, 
adds an alternative to gudda, name- 
ly go-ig. Let’s hold noses and try 
that — yes, gp-ig is a far more 
graphic depiction of the sound. 


When you come up with a 
wiO astound 


ringy locution that 
your friends and confound your 
enemies — go for it! 

Too many excellent coinages or 
puns are lost to the English lan- 
guage because creative minds are 
shy a- excessively modest Oneway 
out of the bashfulness bind is taken 
by Rozanne L. Ridgway, assistant 
secretary of state for European and 
fianadian affairs, who studs her 
briefings with “if you will,” an ear- 
ly form of pre-emptive apology, 
now often replaced with “gimme a 
break." 

Others in the self-effacing Bash- 
fulness Brigade send their offerings 


to me. They will not lake the leap 
without hefp, ” 


and rely on my addi- 
tion to wordplay to see to it that 
their frissons go rolling along. 

For example, Dr. Lawrence A. 
Dworkin of Portland, Oregon, was 
explaining the latest medical tech- 
nical jargon an the subject of coro- 
nary artery bypass grafts, which 
most of us call “triple bypass heart 


surgery. 
“In a t 


Rowdy Football Fans 
Ejected by U.S. Airline 

The Associated Press 

CHICAGO — United Airlines 
canceled a flight for 147 passengers 
after more than 50 Chic a go Bears 
fans, traveling to Florida for a 
Monday night football game, 
passed around liquor and refused 
to take their seats before takeoff, 
authorities said. Three people were 
charged with disorderly conduct. 


“In accordance with my profes- 
sion's love of terse acronyms,” 
writes Dwodrin, “the coronary ar- 
tery bypass graft has become short- 
ened to CABG. pronounced ‘cab- 
bage.* " The acronym can be used 
as a noun (“He had his cabbage last 
Tuesday”) or a verb (“He was cab- 

faigedlastwedO- 
“Sometimes a CABG will fail,” 
the doctor notes sadly, “becoming 
totally occluded by blood dot I 
have thought of referring to this as 
a ‘stuffed cabbage,’ but lacked the 
moxie.” 


New York Times Serwice 


Tucson: Art, Sa 

By Wayne King 

Jtflov York Jane r Service 


T UCSON, Arizona — There 
is about six and a half feet 
between the brim of hnsfy Steve 
Culp's 10-gallon hat and the soles 
of his cowboy boots, and-he fills 
up an of it, mostly with mustache 
and tattoos, both of which he has 
in abundance. 

Culp is a cowboy, a real ope, 
training horses and busting 
b rones for saddle horses- He 
makes a Hying at it, sort of. 

Cowboying is not what it used 
to be, and tfs hard to make a 
living slaving over hot horseflesh 
all day long. 

So Culp also runs die night bar 
at a popular mesqmte barbecue 
house on the outdorts of Tucson. 

He also figures that with all the 
singles moving into Tucson, there 
is potential for some old-fash- 
ioned, Western-style entertain- 
ment. like a hayrick. But it 
would take an investment. 

“Pm thinlng* of fl pair 

of mules,” he said, “and you’re 
looking at a grand each, plus 
eight hundred for a wagon that 
would carry maybe 40 people.” 

“Then,” he said, “you have to 
figure on fights and the other 
lL" 



Sub Mear>/T1it MwtMliM R ; 

Barbara Grygntis (above), a sculptor, laments en- 
croachment of the desert, while Steve Culp, & cowboy 
and bar manager. Is tWafang of hayrides with mules. 


“Sure,” he said, “If you go out 
on the public roads, I'm sure 
you’d have to have some kind of 
headlights, tonfig tit* — 
couldn't just run in the dark.” 

Culp has also given some 
thought to atmosphere.' A tape 
player maybe, he suggests. 

So it is m Tbcsoa these days, a 
city of 600,000 residents, three 
times what it was 20 years ago, 
and still growing apace as half the 
United States, it seems, pulls qp 
stakes and runs south to seek the 
sun. Even the hay wagons need 
running lights mid Gene Autry 
need not apply. 

“City could be ‘disaster* 
by ’95,” Meats a headline in The 
Arizona Daily Star, report in g a 
study that warns: “Without ma- 
jor planning initiatives, there is 8 
very good chance that Tucson of 
1995 will be termed a disaster in 
terms of population, traffic 
water.” 

The city sprawls relentlessly 
outward, and where once the de- 
sert crept up in silent commmnon 
to its edge, it now retreats before 
the bulldozer’s thrust. Resort ho- 
tels Spring up ov ernig ht; housing 


units displace the palo verdes 
trees: shopping centers crush the 
hardy creosote plants that vwfcn 
the desert smell deceptively like 
rain. 

At times it seems the city will 
march north over the Santa Cata- 
lina Mountains like the elephants 
of Hannib al to couple with Phoe- 
nix, two horns away but march- 
ing steadily southward. 

It is a cause of concern. 

FortheartscommmrityinTno- 
son, the growth is a particular 
anomaly. Artists draw inspiration 
from the desert, rapidly bong 
overrun, but the bills are paid by 
the people who come hoe, live 
here and boy their wades. 

“First it’s the artists, then it’s 
the lawyers, then it’s the develop- 
ers,” said Barbara Grygntis, a ce- 
ramics sculptor who IS gaming a 
reputation for spare, 


tal pieces that reflect the tones 
and rhythms of the desert. 

She is talking of a rundown 
area downtown loosely called 
Congress Sheet, after its central 
thoroughfare. Because of an in- 
flux of artists and artisans taking 
advantage of the low rents, the 
area is *»»»n»ring fashionable, 
with the result that rents are go- 
ing up. 

There is a movement afoot to - 
declare the area an arts district, 
whkh most of its mhabitants sup- 
port, but with some trepidation 


that they will find themselves 
priced out of a neighborhood 
they helped create. 

Fen: two Congress. Street arti- 
sans, Tom Philabamn and B. W. 
Carbon, central figures in the 
city’s growing enclave of glass- 
blowers, the boom is a blessing. 
Tlieir landlord bought out their 
lease and, as a result, they are 
designing a 4,000 square-foot 
work space and showroom of 
their own. 

Now they work at furnaces a 
few miles from their showroom, 
perforating the gtastiriowtrfs art, 

ntnrifing nujtwi gtami from the 

furnace, twirling, shaping, add- 
ing, blowing, reheating, always in 
motion. ' 

The two men say they draw 
their designs from such events as 
the Pcrscid showers that light the 
evening sky in August, from 
monoliths and obelisks, even 
from the sea. But the desert is 



important. 

“Iflipiie 


simply “Red Rocks,” lowering 
plinths jutting out of a horizontal 
base. 


1 over the desert flora 
when T came here,” said Pbfla- 
baum, “especially the sagoaro 
die towering cactus that defines 
die desert landscape. 

Barbara Grygntis laments die 
runaway growth, the growing en- 
croachment on the wild beauty of 
the desert 

She is currently at work on a 
monumental suite of seven 
monoliths in a grouping called 


' ‘That’s what we have in Arizo- 
na,” she said. “Two planes, verti- 
cal and horizontal” 

The piece was commissioned 
fra: the courtyard. of anewRadis- 
■ sent Suite Hold in Tucson, one of 
several luxury hotels being boRt. 

- “What I think is good - is the 
devdopos in Tucson are oom- 
tnUsioning works of art,” she 
said. Tf s a new kind of person 
here." 


POSTCARD 

Bdjing-Tokyo Pirouette 

By Tcrril Jon 

The Associated Pn 


ICS 

Associated Press 

T OKYO — Yu Guoqing was 
only 12 years old when a scout 
from the Central Ballet Troupe of 
Beijing picked him out of Jus 
fourth-grade class in Harbin, 
northeastern China. 

Now, 12 years later, he’s a star 
with the 180-member troupe, and 
along with a fellow Chinese dancer, 
the first to be sent from the troupe 
to study in Japan. 

T had never seen ballet before 
except for The White-Haired Girl’ 
and The Red Detachment of 
Women,"' said Yu. Those were rev- 
olutionary ballets performed dur- 
ing China's Cultural Revolution, 
when Weston arts were banned 
and condemned as decadent- Yu, 
now 24, joined the troupe in 1973. 

“After I joined we waiched 
Western ballets such as ‘Giselle/ 
first praising and teaming tech- 
niques displayed in them, and then 
criticizing them for their bourgeois 
content,” the dancer recalled 
Now Chinese students are en- 
tranced by overseas ballet perfor- 
mances, ffww dancers like Yu 
and a fellow troupe member, Li 
Song, are venturing abroad to gain 
experien c e. 

T had never seen ballet and 
hardly understood it when I be- 
gan,” says Li, 23, who also went to 
R ffijwig after being scouted from 
Harbin. “In Japan, anybody who 
wants to Hanne ballet just does it. 
In China, you are chosen to be 
systematically trained in all funda- 
mentals.” 

The two are rehearsing for per- 
formances with the Star Dancers 
Ballet Troupe, which practices in 
the basement of an apartment 
building in Tokyo's Aoyama dis- 
trict 

The two will perform pas de 
deux with Japanese partners and 
in “Five Suitors, " a modem 
piece choreographed by Yoririhisa 
Endo of the Star Dancers. 

“Hus is Lheir first experience 
with modern dance, butt as classic 
dancers, they are world-cbss,” says 
Endo, who began dancing 32 years 
ago when he was 18. “They’re ex- 
tremely well- trained and catch on 


. i 


jiff 


very quickly. 
“Watchfni 


atchmg their moves you 
wouldn’t imagine China had a 10- 
year gap in ballet t raining ." Endo 
says asli lifts his partner high off 
the dance floor. 

The two Chinese dancers arrived 


on Nov. 1 for a month of mtensf$ 
iraining. The Star Dancers funded 
the trip and rented an apartment 
for Yu and LL 

In their Japanese debut over the 
weekend, Yu dances a scene from 
Act I of "Gisdfe" and Li pan of 
Act ni of "Swan Lake." 

“When the muse is on. I don't 
fed that he's different.” wid Li’s 
partner, Hiroko Koboa, 21. T feel 
I cad relate to someone with a com- 
pletely different background by 
concentrating on something in „ . 

common.” I 

Kazue Uno, 33, who performs in . * | 

“Swan Lake” with Yu, says the^ • 
didn't need language to coordinar* 
their dancing. M We danced ‘Gisdle’ 
and ‘Swan Lake' as we know them, 
and they adjusted to us." she says. 

“They tatew the steps from before.” 

The Chinese dancers say, howev- 
er, that they fed less familiar with 
Endo’s modem choreography. “It’s 
for Japanese people. It's not too 
much like anything we’ve done," U . 
said. 

Endo calls them “cautious but 
curious” and welcomes their will- 
ingness to experiment 
U says Chinese dancers pay 
more attention to details of their 
techniques and are more “moder- 
ate” in their rehearsals, while Japa- 
nese are stronger, have more spad, 
and train aggressively. 7* 

Performances in Japan are 
shorter mid in faster tempo, and the . 

Chinese say the Japanese concen- 
trate so much that they're tense all 
day. every day leading up to a per- 
formance. “We only gel tense 
around show tune," says Yu. 

Dance generally overcomes the 
lan guag e barrier, according to LL 
“Japanese look Idee us, so when we 
dance we don’t fed we’re from dif- • 
ferent countries, unless we try to 
talk." he said. Tt's important to 
see. learn, understand. It’s not easy 
to communicate, though-” 

Li and Yu are assisted by a set 
designer from their troupe who has 
been in Japan for a year and some- ' 
times helps as interpreter, but they 1 
often must use a dictionary. ^ 

The two also have had to adjust' - 
to a new regimen. While they say- 
rehearsals are simil ar, in Beijing 
they work out in the mornings and . 
again in (he afternoon; in Tokyo’ : 
the rehearsal runs from noon until = . . 

6 P.M. 

Says Li: “We miss our wu xiu 
(afternoon nap)." 


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made your ad wfl appear rtfihin 48 hours. 

CartsThebaic rata is SUO per (neper day + local town. Them are 
25 letten^ sgns end spaces in the first fare aid 36 ia the blowing Knes. 
Mew n uai space is 2 Bnes. No afafareviOioni a ccep ted , 

OwB Cade: A m e ri can Express, Dew's Qub, Euroeatd, Master 


Card, Access and Visa. 

HEAD OFFICE 


LATIN AMERICA 


Pwfa; (For daisifled only); 
(1)47-47^00. 


HROK 


: 2636-15. 

; 361-8397/360-3421. 
: 343-1899. 

Cnp — lip g en . (Dl) 32 9440. 
Frankfurt: (069)7267-55. 
Loo e anwe . 29-58-94. 

Lisbon: 67-27-93766-2544. 
London: (01) 8364802. 
Mndrtft 455-2891/4553306. 
MSm: (02) 7531445. 
Norway: (02) 41 29 53. 
Betties 6793437. 

Sweden: (OQ 7569229. 

Tel Avhrt 03455 559. 
Vmamr Contact Frankfurt. 


Baanas Aires: 41 40 31 
(Dept 312) 

Cqrocae 331454 
Guayaquil: 51 4505 
Uma: 417 852 
Fancr ut i i 69 09 75 
S i W e gu. 6961 555 
Sms Ftertoc 852 1893 


MHWUEAST 


1246303. 
Kuwrifa 5614485. 
Lebraiosc 341 457/6/9. 
(Man 416535. 

Saadi Arabia: 

tediWn 667-1500. 

‘ UAL Dubai 234161. 


FAR EAST 


UNITS) STATES 


Bangkok 3900657. 
Hang Ke« 5213671. 
Jakarte 510092: 
ManEa r 81 70749. 
Saaut: 735 87 73. 
Sbigwiu i a . 2222725. 
Tatemes: 752 44 25/9. 
Tokyar 304-1925. 


Now York (2129 752-3890. 
Wm Coast: (415) 3632339. 


AUSTRALIA 


SOUTH ARKA 


6908233. 

-.929 5639,957.432a 
98®. 


■r y ar m tu n. 421 599. 


3693453. 


fc'lllii 


p *iat 


EMPLOYMENT 


SBCSETAR1AL 
PORTIONS AVAILABLE 


Don't mim 
MBMAIKMAL 
TAI0AL POSTIONS 

TUESDAYS 

k the Eff Oateffied Sedfan. 


SECRETARIES AVAILABLE 


LOOKMG FOR TOP HU4GUAL 

Hrnnell Ccti tiie experts GR INTE 

Mrs MJer 47 58fe30 ftrn 


AUTO RENTALS 


OWKBBiTACAKS. 

sSinaffisa 

sneti an 46 r 


Chorr an. 7500 6 Paris. Tri. 4720304a 

Telax 630797 


'FCHAFLOC. 


AUTO SHIPPING 


RANHUCT/MARI-W. GemxsmOt 

keninm GmbH. Teh 069448071. 


Wrinto q> over Europe tejetife 
TXAPBCA* 17 ovdeFriedtarri. 75008 

Pork W4225 6444. Ntat9383 9533. 

Antwerp 233 9985 Craies 9339 4344 

AUTO CONVERSION 


• ••> SUBCONMSr *- ■ 

• The w tet any to import a 
-. C erepet fat- Me the UAA. ' 

W ori dw i il B Americot nurer 
proadH aR rvgwned imuranat. 
•-aed-aua r aMe to year er vft . 
ptmrO US. 'gervernment Mandarih 
- or yw money bade mdudrig - . 
i.emwenian cotf. ' 


^Vrito at phone for free brochure, j 

GBMl* a 69715342S or f 


' '0 7031 '/.2230S9 

AMBBCAw wn UN B H t W MHB 


: Gbafindau 7&7B 
D4000 Prarffurt/titoin 


AUTO CONVERSION 


ffA / DOT 

CONVERSWNS. 


* Custom* brrioaroge/bomSng serviai 

* Pictup A drfvory otywhara in he 
Eastern ULS, 8 Texas 


* Profeafonri workueng only tire 

CHAMPAGNE IMPORTS WC, 
2284 North items Id. HrtMft 
PA. 19440b USA Tefc 215822 685 2^ 
TrfmT 497191 7-OfAMP g 


MercKle>8n ftmehe BMW Ferrari 

ffA/OOT 


CONVBSXX J5 

fiat turn-around time. AS work done 

/UPlfiftB roTCM OTOrSg 

. . I T4 Anderson Street 

HadmaL NJ 07601 USA . 
tin 322234 2314884S67 


AUTOS TAX FREE 


MX 300 SLS00 SL 500 SK, neri 

Rrifa.hraSher Spirt 85, 7j3W krv, 


Counwdi raw. Ferrari 
306 Gffl saw. P.C.T. Brigura Teb 
03^31 


NEW RSMEOT, lad Saw*. Song* 
Baytir , .T oyofcy 4x4 , trcp kol spect 
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Up*, Holomt nS04454», tbc 47082 


PAGE 17'- 

FORMORE 


CLASSIFIEDS 


Ve are happy and proud to continue the HaerGn 
^ "family tradition of the .past fotcr generations. 


THE HOTEL VIER 
JAHRESZEITEN, JL 
HAMBURG « 


M 




not FOR sale 

:,fert Prantaer, Managing Director. 


Impriniipar Offprint, 73 rue de FJSvangile, 7 501 If Paris. 




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.,4<-ur i- 




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