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One Frenchman’s Party line: 

A Sense of Communist Collapse 

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‘i. Imtnmemal Herald Tnbune 
yjTRY, France — Claude Es- 
cude, a 48-year-old French Com- 
munist who lives in this suburb in 
the so-called “red bdi” of Paris, 
has never been so unhappy about 
politics during his 29 years in the 
party as he is now. 

The party is in the throes of a 
patitieu upheaval that could etino- 

nate it as a national potitfcal force. 
A poll by the independent Ipsos 
research organization published 
Sunday in France Dimanche 
showed that 54 percent of French 
people — and 46 percent of those 
describing themselves as Commu- 
nist sympathizers — believe the 
party is ‘•dedimng irreversibly.” 

Voter support for the Commu- 
nists has been halved in the last 
decade to 11 percent, back to the 
ted at which the party started 
oWn it was founded 65 years ago. 
The party ranks in national esteem 
alongside the extreme-right faction 
led by Jean-Marie Le Pen. Only 13 
percent of French people want it to 
play a tagger role m French politi- 
cal life; more than 70 percent want 
rt diminished. 

Tins criticism leaves Mr. Escude 
nofazed. By now, he expects sys- 
tematic anti-communism from die 
French press other than the party’s 
own daily, L'HomaiunL 
What worries Mr. Escude, whose 
name is disguised because he fears 
party reprisals, is the feeling among 
many of fcris comrades that the par- 
ty is collapsing from within. 

In 1981. the French left won 

— U-XWC!;, 
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power and four Communists were 

. immed to the cabinet of President 

t’-rbrt Fransois Mitterrand, a Socialist 

They were tiie first since the party’s 
jgstwar heyday that came about 
naanse of its wartime rate in the 
French Resistance. 

Today, less than four years later, 
the Communist party leadership 
has abandoned its 20-year policy of 
cooperating in a broad gTlinnm erf 
the left to govern France. The 
Communists have amt the govern- 
ment and scan to be ready to let 
the Socialists supplant them as the 
leading party of tne left. 

Hie event shattered party mo- 

“We rarely even bother to have a 
ceO meeting,” Mr. Escude said, 

_ •^■endiuaHstfc ^ny- ; 

more about canvassing door-to- 

door or demonstrating or selling people of the left” who have tradi- 
thepaper outside factories.” tioaally thought of themselves as a 
Tne Communist Party admits it natural majority in France, 
has lost 1004)00 of its 630,000 ' ’ 

members. Outsiders say defections 
have been double Urn number. The 
party used to be ceremonious about 
renewing memberships each year, 

U» Aoooatad fna 

Georges Marchais, front left, head of the French Commu- 
nist Party, talking to a poIitburo member, Paul Laurent, at 
the party’s 25th congress in a suburb of Paris on Friday. 

_for sale 
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the CGT, to recover its old role as 
the advocate of France’s poor and 

This narrow, sectarian 
apparently is easier for the 
munist leadership than is a national 
vision ahn«i at courting public 
opinion, winning elections and 
sharing power. That is a game at 
which Mr. Marchais Iras been out- 
done by Mr. Mitterrand, who never 
hid insdesire to reduce Communist 
influence in French affairs. 

For. the foreseeable future, (he 
withdrawal from, the 

-iriT.* csfrae 

.. crnmeutmmks'thecoaspftiof £ ?3ioI 

* *anch dream: an alliance of “the posters from the May 1968 riots 

and even a handicraft gift from 
Cambodian refugees who were 
looked after in Vi try. 

Working there used to be a harsh 

.but dow it has “started sending out 

...... 21 lU/.'cfr.wew cards automatically because it 

‘ doesn’t want to find out how many 



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people nhghi not ask for a renew- 
al,” Mr. Escude said. 

He pinned his jbopes on a revival 
of the party’s sense of destroy at its 
25 lh national congress being hdd 
this week in Saint-Ouen, a Paris 

Any such hopes woe dashed by 
the congress’s keynote speech. In a 
four hoar stalesof-the-nation ad- 
dress. Secretary-General Georges 
Marchais showed that the leader- 
ship has decided to lead tbe hard 
one ctf the Communist Party bade 
into what commentators say can 
mily be a political ghetto. 

Laying down the party line, Mr. 
Marchais blamed the ruling Sodal- 
for the woes of the 'French 
omy and of the French Com- 
ists. President Mitterrand, he 
said, “posed as the champion, of a 
leftist alliance to gain power and 
then use it to divide tbe left's sup- 
porters and discredit the Commu- 
nist Phrty.” 

- Mr. Marchais dissociated the 
Communists from the austerity 

It is a traumatic proroect for Mr. 
Escude. Most of his aaolt life, on 
party orders, be has worked in Vi- 
try where his party duties over- 
lapped with his job in municipal 
services. The party functioned for 
him as strongly as the church did 
for his ancestors in Spain. 

“My father was a Spanish anar- 
chist — he used to swear a lot to 
horrify my Catholic mother, who 
would crass herself and cover her 
ears with her hands — so politics is 
in my blood.” Mr. Escude said. 

His parents fled into asylum in 
France after the Spanish Civil War. 

He joined the party in 1956, 
when fie was 20, after he saw a 
rightist gang beating up Commu- 
nist journalists. He went to their 
defense and later that night he 
signed up with the party. The inci- 
dent came just after tbe Soviet in- 
tervention in Hungary, which Mr. 
Escude d i sliked But what he dis- 
liked eves more was seeing leftists 
beaten up. 

Vi try, tike other industrial sub- 
urbs of Paris, has voted Commu- 
nist since World War IL It is a 
showplace of Communist local 

“When 1 arrived, many streets 
Were only paths, so muddy in win- 
ter that you often lost a shoe walk- 

they left tbe government coalition 
last - summer: The Communists 

ing home,” he recalled. In those 
policies that they supported until days, a party member caught read- 
thev left the onvemmen f coalition ing any paper other than L’Hu- 

rnanite was disciplined. 

Vitry’s 85,000 inhabitants regu- 
larly vote nearly 60 percent Com- 
munist. The local Communist sec- 
tion used to have 3,000 members. 

Avenue Yuri Gagarin and rue de 
Stalingrad run through Vi try, past 
the factory fences, the sad caffe 
and the municipal House of Cul- 
ture and a stadium that includes an 

seems to be. betting that the Social- 
ists will suffer a crushing defeat in 
the 1986 legslative elections. 

A Socialist defeat that brought to 
power a conservative government 
would allow the Co mmunis t Party, 
and its trade-union wing, the Gen- 
eral Confederation of Labor, 
known by its initials in French as 

r - . .--V- 


I President Reagan said he is 
not convinced of the need to 
raise corporate taxes. Page 3. 

■ China’s prisons bold a Tost 

generation’ — the perpetrators 
of the crimes of the Cultural 
Revolution. Page 5. 

■The US. called a dispute be- 
tween 'Washington and New 
Zealand ewer visits by U.&. 
ships “temporary.” Page 5. 


■ Norfot Southern Crap, has 
been picked to buy Conran, the 

- Ui freight fine: Page 7. 

- Personal Investing 

A Treasury proposal to tighten 
prpof-cf-residency require- 
ments for foreign purchaser? of 
!£& securities has the United 
States and several foreign gov- loggerheads. In 
PerearaT Investing, a monthly 
report, ■ in ■ Monday’s Interna- 
tional, Herald Tribune. 




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The U.S. dollar’s climb, 
shown above in a weight- 
ed index against a basket 
of 15 currencies from 

1980 through 1984, was 

accentuated Friday, 

re aching 3.2426 Deut- 
sche marts. Dealers said 
that central banks may 
„ot have been able to 
make their intervention 
pact stick. Page 7. 

but gratifying life, he said. Agitat- 
ing for better wages, demonstrating 
against the Algerian war, debating 
politics in the marketplace while 
selling propaganda, illegally taking 
voter-registration papers home to 
illiterates u> help them si|n up to 
vote — all of this was the lifeblood 
of tbe Communist Party. 

In many ways the party was an 
anachronism in freedom-loving 
France because of its loyalty to the 
Soviet Union. But for party loyal- 
ists, it was both family and revolu- 
tionary crusade. 

'‘You never saw any Socialists in 
those days, when we were the only 
ones defending the left,” Mr. Es- 
cude recalled. “They were never in 
tiie street or the factories. Most of 
them were indoors teaching 

Many Communists are bitter at 
seeing tbe Socialists reap the politi- 
cal harvest of decades of Commu- 
nist political struggle. But Mr. Es- 
cude is more concerned about whal 
has happened to tbe community. 
Municipal problems have become 
frustraimgfy intractable. 

Vitry is losing many of its young 
people to cities with flashier ameni- 
ties. Mr. Escude’s children used to 
belong to the Communist Youth. 
Now that they have grown up, they 
dropped out of politics, 
migrants have flooded in to 
Vitry. “Nobody knows how many ” 
be said. “In some buildings, they 
refuse to let outsiders come in be- 
cause there are so many illegals. ” 

Jacques Chirac, tbe conservative 
mayor of Paris, "dumps all his 
city’s unwanted immigrants on us 
because it owns buildings here,” 
Mr. Escude said. “We have to look 
after them, without any extra help 
from the government; we even of- 
fer them places on our subsidized 
vacations, so much that immij 
children outnumber French- 

The party’s system of local ser- 
vices Iras been hit hard by the 
French government’s austerity po- 
licy. “Hospitals, which people used 
to respect, have become a dis- 
grace,” he said. 

People in Vitry, be said, are 
dazed to discover that a leftist gov- 
ernment has left them worse off for 
the first time in nearly 30 years of 
rising prosperity 

Kim Dae Jung, led by Robert E. White, former U.S. envoy in El Salvador, arrived in Seoul 
F riday. Behind him are his wife, Lee Hee Ho, and Representative Thomas M. FogGetta. 


Olympic-size pool. They are all 
built in the glass-and-concrete style 
of the late 1950s. 

The new buildings, as they went 
□p in the postwar years, impressed 
the local working people and the 
people migrating from the country- 
side. Today, Mr. Escude still lives 
in the same functional apartment 
he was allocated in the rent-con- 
trolled municipal housing, 

“If s not the best Comrades are 
asked to set an example;” be said. 

The walls are decorated with me- 
mentos of local Communist 


Easing of Rules 
Opens Markets 
In West , Japan 

By David E. Sanger 

New York Tima Sentce 
NEW YORK — The Soviet 
Union is negotiating to buy large 
numbers of western-manufactured 
personal computers, including ihe 
U-S.-made Apple and IBM models, 
according to industry sources. 

The computers apparently ore 
for use in scientific institutes and 

This is the first time the Russians 
have tried to buy personal comput- 
ers from Western nations and Ja- 
pan on the open market. It was 
possible because trade rules for 
high-technology goods were liber- 
alized Jan. 1. 

According to Western experts, 
the shopping trip also coincides 
with complaints by Soviet scientists 
about their country's faltering ef- 
forts to build microcomputers. 

Western-made personal computers 
have been smuggled into tbe Soviet 
Union for some time, but at a great 
expense that has prevented buying 
large quantities. 

“It is dear the Soviets have as- 
signed same hard currency to buy 
the personal computers; the ques- 
tion is bow many,” said an official 
of Internationa] B usi nes s Ma chin es 
Crap, in Washington. 

Executives at other computer 
companies said the Russians are 
talking about buying several thou- 
sand machines, possibly tens of 
thousands. Reliable figures are 
hard to come by, experts say, be- 
cause the orders have spread quick- 
ly across Britain, France, West 
Germany and Japan, and involve 
computer dealers and import-ex- 
port firms as well as manufactur- 

“It Is a great opportunity for us, 
in a marketplace that has gone beg- 
ging up to now because ofthe rules 
that were in place.” said Albert A. 

Eiseostat, a tree president of Apple 

rent umcVc fllUms2iaJU at Warsaw affOOTt OQ 

Tuesday and put him on a return 
flight to Paris. 

“So there are still Poles who are 
denied equal rights in the faome- 

Auocxacd p, e 

Walesa Says Verdict in Murder Trial 
Did Not AUay Poles 9 Fear of Injustice 

* The .Otociaud Press 

WARSAW — Lech Walesa, the 
former leader of the banned Soli- 
darity trade union, called Friday 
for an end to repression and “pro- 
paganda terror” in. Poland after the 

land because they hold different 
views,” Mr. Walesa said. 

“I call for an end to fltegal acts 

a gainst riwana , hnmiliatinp hu- 
man dignity, repressing people be- 
cause of their views,” Ik said. “I 

conviction of four security police call for an end to propaganda ter- 
officers for the murder of a pro- ror.” 

Solidarity priest 
Mr. Walesa, in his first public 
reaction to the trial, criticized tbe 
govenunent’s handling of the case 
and said that authorities had failed 
to alleviate public fears about in- 
justice in Poland. 

“We would like to recognize this 
trial as <i sign of the good will of the 
authorities toward accord, of the 
advantage of the force of law over 
the right of force.” Mr. Walesa said 
in a statement “But new facts oc- 
curred that make us doubt iL” 

He cited the government’s refus- 
al to allow Seweryn filumsztajn, a 

day but there was no government 
reaction or comment. 

Roman Catholic Church au- 
thorities also refused to comment 
on the verdict and said that Polish 
bishops would decide on a state- 
ment at a meeting next week. 

Mr. Walesa said he did not want 
A panel of judges in the northern “> comment on the trial verdict 
town of Torun on Thursday con- 8,11 added: “Forgiveness for 
victed three security police officers SDC ^ 1 a crue ^ death, committed with 
of kidnapping and murdering the premeditation, in a planned, busi- 
Revrrend Jerzy Popiehiszko and mss-Mc manner, would only have 

sentenced them to prison terms. 

Tbe ltillera’ acknowledged lead- 
er, former Captain Grzegorz Pfo- 
trowski, received 25 years. The 
prosecution had demanded the 
death penalty for him Two former 
lieutenants received terms of 14 
and 15 years. Tbe superior officer 
of the three killers, a coland, re- 
ceived a 25-year sentence for insti- 
gating tbe crime. 


complete moral value if there was a 
revival in our public life. 

“There is a need for forgiveness.” 
he continued, “but there is also a 
need for results in struggling 
against eviL If this doesn’t happen, 
the chance created by this trial wifi 
be missed.” 

Mr. Walesa complained that tbe 
government prosecutor had equat- 
ed Father Popiduszko with his kOl- 

' fe & Lt £ l diplomats s$£. it >®- The trial “revealed tbe horrible 

. . && Ufrwr ffie Wtf* of fltese sfc^; 
• *ce> a^-wefl as the mentality oT 

To Seoul 

Regime Places 
Strict Limits 
On His Freedom 

By John Burgess 

H’asfungKn Pmi Scmcr 

SEOUL — Kim Dae Jung, South 
Korea’s leading dissident, returned 
Friday to his homeland after two 
years in exDe in the United States 
and was placed under whal ap- 
peared to be house arrest. 

Mr. Kim’s return was marred by 
a fracas with security men at the 
airport who forcibly separated him 
and his wife from American human 
rights activists who had accompa- 
nied him on tbe journey. The U.S. 
State Department issued a formal 
protest to South Korea over the 

Meeting reporters at his house 
Friday afternoon, Mr. Kim played 
down the incident. “It is too early 
for me to be so strongly outraged,” 
be said. 

The South Korean government 
issued a statement saying that Mr. 
Kim will be free to come and go 
from his house in tbe conduct of ms 
“private affairs.” That was taken to 
mean that police would block his 
\way whenever they believe his pur- 
pose in going out is political. 

But Mr. Kim said that after ar- 
riving home the neighborhood po- 
lice commander visited him and 
told him not to go out at all IBs 
personal staff of aides and body- 
guards was required to leave, he 

Mr. Kim’s arrival prompted the 
largest opposition demonstration 
in Seoul m four years. Thousands 
of supporter*, many of them wav- 
ing his portrait, lined the streets 
from Kimpo international airport 
to welcome him. 

After stepping off a plane shortly 
before noon, Mr. Kim was driven 
by police to his house in Seoul 

More than 17,000 policemen had 
been mobilized to wminiain strict 
security around the airport, Mr. 
Kim's house and other parts of 
Seoul police sources said. 

Sindair Research Ltd, a British 
microcomputer maker, displayed 

(Co ntin ue d no Page 2, CoL 3) 

to the Supreme Court. 

Tbe verdict in the 26-day trial 
was reported on the from page of 
all major state-run newspapers Fri- 


those people,” he said “Let us not 
forget that a Polish priest was killed 
by the functionaries of the state 

move against the government 
President Chun Doo Hwan, which 
sentenced him to death for sedition 

(C o n t inu e d on Page 2, CoL 3) 

George Shultz’s Slow, Steady Ascent 

His Grip on Foreign Policy Grows Stronger as Rivals Fall 

By Don Oberdorfer self-confident. In addition to arms 
Washington Pan smite control Mr. Shultz has grasped the 

WASHINGTON — One year previously elusive reins of policy in 
after his most humiliating defeat ^ enIra ' America and dominates 
within the Reagan administration, u s - policy in the Middle East and 
over Lebanon policy. Secretary of soutirent Africa. 

State George P. Shultz has become 
the central figure in U.S. foreign 

In undramatic fashion, through 

Mr. Shultz has made an ally of 
the presidential national security 
adviser, Robert C. McFarlane. An 
alliance between a secretary of 

gradual accumulation of authority an ^ a national security advis- 
and steady elimination of rivals. 

U» N»w Yor* Tm 

Secretary of State Shultz appears to be foody in place. 

Mr. Sbultz has become the senior 
executor and shape 1 : of President 
Ronald Reagan's global policies. 
Mr. Shultz and Mr. Reagan, by afl 
accounts, have developed an in- 
creasingly warm rapport. 

“He is the tortoise who moves 
ever so slowly, but be just keeps on 
coming and finally wins the race 
against the hares, said a highly 
placed State Department veteran. 

Another experienced observer 
described Mr. Shultz as “an unso- 
phisticated thinker about foreign 
affairs” who tends to simplify, 
sometimes oversimplify, important 
issues. “He has none of [Henry AJ 
Kissinger’s virtues of brilliance, but 
fortunately he doesn’t have Kissin- 
ger's vices either. He's low-key, per- 
sistent and unextremisL” The long- 
er Mr. Shultz is in the job, the 
official said, the more he is master 
of tbe foreign policy process. 

Since his successful arms control 
talks a month ago in Geneva, Mr. 
Shultz has become noticeably more 


er has been a rarity in Washington 
since the days when Mr. Kissinger 
held both jobs in 1973-75. Now Mr. 
Sbultz and Mr. McFarlane agree 
“about 85 percent of the time.” 
according lo an insider, which con- 
tributes to Mr. Shultz's strength. 

Tbe most prominent remaining 
rival is Secretary of Defense Caspar 
W. Weinberger, who was a long- 
time associate, and immediate sub- 
ordinate, of Mr. Sbultz at the Of- 
fice of Management and Budget 
and the Bechtel Corp. Mr. Shultz 
and Mr. Weinberger have dashed 
in public but those who have seen 
them in their weekly breakfast 
meetings and on social occasions 
said thev have never observed any 
personal enmity. 

To the dismay of some conserva- 
tive political figures, those who 
have lost Mr. Shultz's confidence 
have been removed, whether by de- 

sign or accident, from the foreign 
policy process. 

Mr. Shultz’s fingerprints did not 
show up when William P. Clark 
suddenly left the post as the presi- 
dent's national security adviser in 
October 1983. But Mr. Shultz had 
become distrustful of Mr. Clark 
several months before when large- 
scale military exercises were sud- 
denly ordered in Central America 
without die knowledge of the secre- 
tary of state. 

Mr. Shultz fought quietly to pre- 
vent Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, the U.S. 
representative to the United Na- 
tions, from replacing Mr. Clark in 
the White House, considering her 
part of the problem rather than the 
solution in complex situations. 
Mrs. Kirkpatrick has said almost 
nothing in public against Mr. 
Shultz, but she has been bi singly 
critical in private, and friends ex- 
pect that rite will open up on the 
secretary of state when she returns 
soon to private life. 

The latest figure to fall was Ed- 
ward L Rowny, the chief UA stra- 
tegic arms negotiator. Mr. Shultz, 
was reportedly irritated by Mr. 
Rown/s bids for prominence at 
the Geneva arms talks in ' January. 
When personnel decisions were be- 
ing made 10 days later, Mr. Shultz 
recruited a former Republican sen- 
ator, John G. Tower of Texas, to 
negotiate strategic arms and sud- 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 1) 

Airline Pilots See Danger in Jets That Fly Totally by Computer 

By H. Josef Hebert 

The Associated Press 

DULLES AIRPORT. Virginia — As 
United Airlines Flight 59 climbs from the 
runway through gray rain clouds. Captain 
John O'Keefe pushes a button and sweeps 
his hands away from the controls. 

The Boeing 767, bound lor Los Angeles 
with 135 people aboard, is now under the 
control of its computers as ii climbs into 

39,000 feet 

The Communist Party gets much bright amchi™. and levels off at 
of the blame. “Pecyle drop re- (11.9 kilometers), heading west, 
marks, they ask me what my minis- For the next five hours, right down to tbe 

marks, they ask me wbat ’my minis- 
ter* is doing for them,” Mr. Escude 
said. “They start wondering aloud 
what difference it makes who’s in 

Communist experiments de- 
signed to fight political apathy 
have usually backfired. 

New publications designed lo at- 
tract a wider audience other alien- 
ated non-Commimists by their fl- 
ay tone or eke ran afoul of the 
party leadership. 

In a widely publicized incident in 

(Continued on Page 3, CoL I) 

landing at Los Angeles International Air- 
port, the new generation jetliner will virtual- 
ly fly itself. And it will do so, say the plane's 
boosters, more efficiently than' any human 

But the automation in cockpits of new 
jetliners like tbe Boeing 767, its sister 757 
and die Airbus A-310 also has spawned an 
intense controversy among pilots, manufac- 
turers and aviation safety experts. 

“Almost anything can be automated, but 
should it ber asks Captain Mel Hoagland, a 
United Airlines pilot and chairman of a task 
force studying cockpit automation for the 

Air Line Pilot’s Association. “How fas out of 
the loop can we afford to let the ptiot get?” 

If more and mare of the responsibility for 
flying a plane goes to the computer, aviation 
safety experts increasingly are asking, what 
are the consequences to the night crew? Will 
a pilot lose the “fine edge” skills needed in as 
emergency when the computers fail? 

“There are lots more erf these kinds of 
questions. It is agreement on (he answers 
that is in short supply,” said Donald D. 
Engen, head of tbe Federal Aviation Admin- 

Aboard Flight 59, Captain O’Keefe, after 
turning tbe plane over to the computers in 
which the plane’s flight path already had 
been programmed, would not touch the 
steering control or the throttles again until 
just before the plane landed at Los Angeles. 
A number of adjustments were made during 
the trip by the on-board computers, which 
operated the aircraft right down to tbe land- 

Except for the landing gears, which must 
be raised and lowered manually, and the 
settings on the wing flaps, which could be set 
in advance, the computers could have flown 

Flight 59 across the United States without 
any human intervention, if the air traffic 
control system had cleared other traffic from 
the plane's path. 

“Much of what the airplane can do you 
can’t do because we’re constrained” by the 
air traffic control system, said Captain 
O’Keefe, a veteran United pilot and chief of 
its 767 pilot group. But be called the Boeing 
767, one of 19 owned by United, “the most 
interestin g and accommodating airplane I've . 
ever flown.” 

The 767 glistens with computer technol- 
ogy. A calculator-Hke device is used to pro- 
gram its flight path before takeoff, comput- 
ers determine engine speed, altitude and 
direction of flight, other computers monitor 
the plane’s overall operation. 

On its video monitors, information about 
any of 278 possible on-board mechanical 
glitches can be provided to the pilot in color- 
coded messages: red for emergency alerts; 
amber for less serious advisories. Many of 
the problems are solved automatically, with 
the advisory informing the crew what had 
been done. 

Once given its route, the onboard comput- 

ers can direct the plane down a runway, Bft it 
into the sky, level it off at a designated 
altitude, fly thousands of miles to its destina- 
tion, calculate tbe most efficient descent, line 
the plane up with the airport, hook onto a 
ground signal that guides it down the middle 
of the runway and even engage tbe brakes 
once landed. 

Captain O'Keefe and his co-pDot, David 
Stoddard, could not have more praise for the 
new generation jet It’s realty several air- 
planes in one, the captain explained, because 
a pilot can deride whether to fly the plane 
conventionally with control over its direc- 
tion, altitude and speed; use afl the available 
automatic systems, or “somewhere in be- 

Enth usiasm is not universal. 

Captain Hoagland, who is also a veteran 
United pilot and has been flying a Boeing 
767 for more than a year, com plained that its 
dtsi|ners already may have gone too far in 
shifting the emphasis from pilot to comput- 
er. They used “kind of a scatter gun effect,” 
he said. “They automated everything.” 

“Today we see engineers deliberately de- 
(Contmoed on Page 2, CoL 4) ■ 

















; a 




















Page 2 


Shultz Rebounds From Humiliation 9 

Bitter Setback in Lebanon Helped Mold Current Policies 

(Continued from Page 1) 
denly Mr. Rowny was a “special 
adviseT with an unclear charter. 

Mr. Shultz’s own position 
seemed anything but pre-eminent a 
year ago Thursday. He learned 
then, via telephone while on a visit 
to the Caribbean, that Vice Presi- 
dent George Bush, Mr. Weinberger 
and James A Baker 3d, the White 
Hotisechief of staff, had teamed up 
in his absence to arrange the pull- 
out of U.S. Marines from Beirut. 

Several weeks earlier, Mr, Shultz 
had agreed reluctantly to “an or- 
derly, long-term change" in the 
mission of the embattled marines, 
according to an official who was 
involved in the process. But as the 
Lebanese Army crumbled, Mr. 
Shultz argued that this was the 
wrong time for any precipitous 
move, and he believed that Mr. 
Reagan agreed with Him. 

Mr. Shultz sought vainly to re- 
verse the pullout decision in a 
lengthy **Iast-diich conversation" 
with Mr. McFarlane. 

never mentioned resigning, but my 
guess is he mulled it over that 

Li « 

“It was a very low point" for Mr. 
Shultz, according to an aide. “He 


The unsuccessful U-S. effort in 
Lebanon, widely regarded as the 
most serious foreign policy setback 
of Mr. Reagan's first term, has left 
its marks on Mr. 5%ultz to this day. 

The terrorist bombing of the ma- 
rine barracks, which shattered the 
domestic political consensus, was 
responsible in large part for the 
secretary of state’s uncharacteristic 
personal crusade against interna- 
tional terrorism. 

Mr. Shultz's deep reticence 
about high-profile reinvolvement 
in Lebanon and, to a degree, the 
Middle East in general is believed 
by some observers to reflect the 
bitter experience that culminated 
for him a year ago. 

After appeals from the region for 
renewed U.S. mediation and lead- 
ership. Mr. Shultz dispatched As- 
sistant Secretary of State Richard 
W. Murphy last September on a 
series of fact-finding missions. The 
No. 1 directive to Mr. Murphy in 
his seven weeks of shuttling be- 

tween Middle Eastern capitals was 
to negotiate quietly and avoid the 
appearance of a new U.S. commit- 

The Murphy missions and the 
explorations of the U_S_ ambassa- 
dor-at-large, Harry W. Shlaude- 
man, with Nicaragua and sur- 
rounding Larin countries reflect 
Mr. Shultz's preference for discreet 
diplomacy, with the reins held 
firmly by the secretary of state in 

Mr. Shultz was in favor of the 


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U.S. invasion of Grenada and has 
backed military and paramilitary 
pressures against Nicaragua. At the 
same time, he originated bilateral 
negotiations with Nicaragua, which 
he opened last June in a surprise 
trip to Managua. The negotiations 
were recently suspended by Wash- 
ington — at Mr. Shultz’s sugges- 
tion, according to State Depart- 
ment sources — because of what he 
viewed as Nicaraguan intransi- 
gence on a regional settlement. 

Mr. Shultz's concept of his job is 
simple and self-effacing. If asked 
for his objectives, Mr. Shultz will 
begin in the fashion of a professor, 
which he was at the University of 
Chicago and Stanford, to cite “the 
advancement of United States na- 

tional interests." 

If asked about bis methods, Mr. 
Shultz speaks of tending the sofl of 
diplomacy as a gardener would — 
digging, planting and nou rishing 
relationships with other nations. 
There is little hoe of grand strate- 
gy, diplomatic brinkmanship or 
brilliance but his concept seems to 
be wo rking for this administration 

at this tiwu» 

Reagan Picks 
Walters as 
Chief Envoy 

To the UN 


Soviet Charges U.S. Arms Violation 

MOSCOW (UPI) — Flagrant arms control violations by the United 
States are “poisoning the atmosphere" for the Geneva talks next month 
on limiting nuclear weapons. Pravda said in its Saturda y edition . 

Id its editorial, distributed Friday by Tass, the Communist ftrty 
newspaper accused the Reagan administration of “sys tem a ti ca ll y violat- 
ing circumventing costing limitations on nuclear arms.* It singled 
out President Ronald Reagan’s research program for a space-based anti- 
missile defense system. 

The Soviet allegations come a week after the Reagan administration 
charged that the Russians had violated the 1972 anti-ballistic missDe 
treaty by starting construction of a huge radar fatality, and probably have 
violated other agreements. 

The Assontned Press 

WASHINGTON — President 
Ronald Reagan named Vernon A. 

Walters on Friday to succeed Jeane 
J. Kirkpatrick as the chief U.S. del- 
egate to the United Nations. 

If the Senate confirms his selec- -ait** n j., o _ 

tion to the post. Mr. Walters. 68. QaXI Asks PaTIS tO LiXtraulte SllSpeCtS 
also will be a member of the prea- * 

dent’s cabinet. 

Mrs. Kirkpatrick announced on 
Jan. 30 that she was quitting to 
return to teaching, lecturing and 
writing about foreign affairs. 

At a State Department news con- 
ference. Mr. Walters said it was a 

Pobce used dogs to hel^t them search through the rubble of concrete 


Key players in the political tug-of-war apparently won by 
Geoqge P. Shultz include Jeane J. Kirpatrick, upper left; 
Edward L. Rowny, upper right, and Caspar W. Weinberger 

South Korea Limits Kim ’s Freedom 

(Continued from Page 1) 
in 1980. then commuted the sen- 
tence and allowed him to gp to the 
United States. 

The loudest complaints concern- 
ing the airport incident came from 
the leaders of Mr. Kim’s U.S. es- 
cort delegation. Representative Ed- 
ward F. Feighan, a Democrat of 
Ohio; Representative Thomas M. 
Fogjietta, a Democrat of Pennsyl- 
vania; Robert E White, a former 
U.S. ambassador to El Salvador, 
and Patricia Deri an, the former as- 
sistant secretary of state for human 
rights in the Carter administration. 

They said government security 
men assaulted their group as they 

MrKUn into an elevator. 

“He was punched several times 
as he was pul into the elevator and 
several times a gain in the elevator," 
Mr. Foglietta said. The three 
American men woe all thrown to 
the floor, Mr. Foglietta said. 

Mr. Kim had linked arms with 
obe orfAorc of the Americans at 
the time to underline demands that 
they remain together until they 
reached his house. 

Mr. Kim said afterward that he 
was not sure if he had been struck, 
but that the jnriilgni had aggravat- 
ed a hip joint condition lhatne has. 

[A U.S. State Department 
spokesman, Edward Djerejian, said 
Mr. Kim had told the US. Embas- 
sy in Seoul that he was not handled 
roughly, Reuters reported from 
Washington. Bat several Ameri- 
cans accompanying him, as well as 
some newsmen, had violent en- 
counters with security officers, 
which prompted the formal pro- 

The Seoul metropolitan police is- 
sued a statement denying that Mr. 
Kim bad been violently nanc 


Security agents “merely separat- 
ed Mr. Kim and his family from 
those accompanying them and es- 
corted them to an elevator in order 
to ensure his safety," the statement 

ROME (NYT) — Prime Minister Bcttino Craxi of Italy has m 
France to extradite seven terrorist suspects, saying they were " n f * 
and all dangerous.” 

Mr. Craxi, in an address to the Italian Parliament on Thursday, said 
terrorism against the North Atlantic Treaty Organization foflowed a 
pattern set by the Red Brigades, an Italian terrorist group. “The anfi- 
NATO themes inspiring the new terrorism were present in Italian 
great honor to receive this mark of terrorism in 1980 and 1981, when the Red Brigades singled out the men 
confidence Iran the president" and structures of the Atlantic alliance as primary targets for their 

He said he would do his best to strategy," he said. _ 

continue the “superb work” of Mr. Craxi said French police were holdmgseven 1 rahans accused of 
Mrs Kirkpatrick “to restore and being members of the French terrorist group. Direct Action. He also said 
enhance the position and the inter- Italian authorities had located 204 taronsi suspects who had sought 
ests of the United States. refuge abroad. Of these, be said, 1 17 were in France. 

“I think she’s done a fantastic ~ Tjr-Tl *% a • -r w 

job. i think the position of the Collapse of Bn ildmg lulls o4f in Italy 

United States today m the United J t ° j 

Nations is quite different from CASTELLANETA, Italy (AP) — Thirty-four persons were killed in 
what it was four years ago. If I can the collapse of six-story apartment budding in tins southern Italian town, 
do half as well, I will be quite authorities said Friday, 

He said he believes the United 
Nations is necessary for the world. 

“Otherwise I wouldn’t consider ac- 
cepting this job." be said. 

Mr. Walters speaks right lan- 

Pakistan Arrests 50 More Politicians 

has visred more than half of the ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (Reuters) — Pakistan’s military government 

has arrested more than SO opposition politicians in the North-West 
Frontier province in a sweep against critics of forthcoming elections, 
opposition sources said Friday. 

AH provincial leaders of the 11 parties in the opposition Movement for 
the Restoration or Democracy are now under arrest, they said. The 
movement has called for a boycott of the general elections Feb. 25 and 
provincial polls three days later. Parties are banned from running but 
candidates may uanH a$ individuals. 

Most 'leading politicians in Lahore were rounded up 1 ast month. More 
than 200 dissidents are in prison in Punjab, while thelatest arrests in the 
North-West Frontier province put the cumber there at more than 130, 
according to the committee for political prisoners in Lahore. Seme 
moderate politicians are free in Karachi, Pakistan’s largest city, but many 
leftist activists have been imprisoned. 

and metaL Sixteen men,- 13 women and five children died in the coB^se 
Thursday, according to police. Eight persons were injured. 

Tbe authorities questioned the bidders of the 30-year-old struct “ 
Inspectors were quoted as saying that the structure’s foundation had 6cm 
severely weakened by water seepage 

countries in the United Nations. 
He was deputy director of the Cen- 
tral Intelligence Agency under 
Presidents Richard M. Nixon and 
Gerald. R. Ford and, during a 36- 
year army career, rose to the rank 
of three-star general 

Mr. Walters has served presi- 
dents of both parties, bat his pro- 
nounced ana-communist views 
have won him particular favor with 
Republican administrations. His 
opinions on global issues appear to 
parallel those of Mrs. Kirkpatrick. 

He did not serve in the Carter 

Government officials also noted 
that Mr. Kim’s wife. Lee Hee Ho, 
had been quoted by The Associated 
Press as saying that there had not 
been any beating. 

[The Associated Press reporting 
from Seoul said a South Korean 
government official issued the fol- 
lowing statement in reaction: 

“Since the alleged beating of Kim 
Dae Jung did not take place and 
the Korean authorities' announced 
it clearly, it is regrettable that the 
U.S. side should demand, once 
again, a full explanation.”] 

Mr. Kim said that on arrival he 
had wanted logo through immigra- 
tion like an ordinary traveler and 
was afraid of being separated from * law from taking part in the dec- 
the U.S. delegation. lions. 

in 1981 and was named ambassa- 
dor a* large. In that role, Ik has 
visited more than 100 countries 
both hostile and friendly, at rimes 
averaging 10.000 miles (16,000 ki- 
lometers) a week. 

Admirers say that Mr. Walters 
has a tAIeni for establishing good 
relationships with foreign leaders 
and creating a strong presence. 

These qualities have enable him 
to soften the impact of the mes- 
sages. usually unpleasant, that be 
Mr. Kim returned to South Ko- has been asked to deliver to foreign 
rea Tour days before scheduled par- £?**%*■ I 1 *** not “ for 

liamemary eleriiotS, the first in the*'*™- Walters, as an example, to-in- 
nation since 1981. He is barred by * government that VS. assis- 

adminis tration. He was called out Trail HlPfllPRS t Q Hit Civilian TflTgiftlB 
of retirement by President Reagan , ® 

At their hotel in Seoul, members 
of the delegation later had a tense 
meeting with the U.S. ambassador 
to South Korea. Richard E. Walk- 
er. They alleged that the embassy 
had not offered proper protection 
for the group. Mr. Walker denied 
the allegations. 

BEIRUT (UPI) — Iran threatened Friday to retaliate “over the neatt^ 
hours” to alleged Iraqi bombing of civilian targets and asked resident^? 
Iraqi border towns to “evacuate their homes.' 7 

The wanting was delivered by Iran’s president, AH Khamenei, in a 
sermon at the Friday prayers at Tehran University, the official news 
agency, IRNA, reported. The agency also reported that during the past 
few days Iraqi planes had carried out several strikes on towns and villages 
in southern and central Iran. Several people were reported killed aud 
many wounded. 

Separately, an Iranian militar y statement Friday said «hai 350 Iraqi 
soldiers were either killed or wounded over the past two days along thar 
730-mile (1,170-kflometer) border battle front, mainly in the central and 
southern sectors. There was no immediate comment from Iraq on the 
I ranian report. 

Kremlin Trying to Buy Personal Computers 

tance is being cut. 

“The local authorities take care 
of the easy problems,” he said in an 
interview last year. “One of my 
chief tasks is administering ex- 
treme unction, just before the pa- 
tient dies." 

(Continued from Page I) 
its wares last month in Moscow, at 
the Soviet Union's first computer 
fair, and said Thursday it was nego- 

tiating to sell the Russians comput- 

ers for use in secondary school 
Executives of most computer 

companies are unwilling to discuss 
in detail thar dealings with the 

Russians. That appears to partly 
both the 

stem from the fact that 
United States and the Soviet Union 
have made use of microcomputers 
in simulating and controlling mis- 
sile launches, a fact the Defense 

Department used last year to argue 
agains t relaxing trade controls. 

“We have no illusions” an exec- 
utive of a major computer manu- 
facturer said this week. “Some of 
these are headed for the military." 

But the computers are so widely 
available from a variety of sources, 
another executive said, that “it 
would be a waste of everyone’s time 
to try to stop them.” 

The European members of the 

Until new Commerce Depart- 
ment regulations, based on the CO- 
COM agreement, went into effect 
Jan. 1, it was virtually impossible to 
legally export an up-to-date per- 
sonal computer from the United 
States to a communist nation. But 
the new rules make it far easier for 
the Eastern bloc to obtain basic 
persona] computer models. 

The complex, 24-page set of new 
rules, which have caused wide- 
spread confusion in the industry, 
essentially sets up three levels of 
export controls on personal com- 

At the first level the least sophis- 
ticated machines — mostly out-of- 
date computers no longer sold by 
LLS. manufacturers — require no 
export licenses. 

At the second level most medi- 
um-powered 8- and I6-bii ma- 
chines. such as the basic Apple and 
IBM models, require Commerce 

Department and Defense Depart- 
ment approval before they can be 
shipped to a communist nation. 
But officials say those machines are 
“presumed to be exportable,” and a 
shipment can be stopped only if it 
seems suspicious, or if the number 
of machines requested exceeds the 
allowable limit under one export 

“The rules have been agreed 
upon, and if there is a legitimate 
end use and end user, the license 
will be approved." said Waller Ol- 
son, the deputy assistant secretary 
of commerce for export adminis- 

At the third level stricter con- 
trols cover more sophisticated per- 
sonal computers, such as IBM's 
PC- AT and Apple’s Macintosh ma- 
chine. Shipments of those comput- 
ers must be approved by federal 
officials and the Paris-based CO- 

Mr. Walters’s skill at languages 
was developed during his school 
days in Europe. Betides English, he 
is fluent in Spanish, French, Portu- 
guese, German, Italian. Dutch and 
Russian, enabling him to speak to 
many of his UN counterparts in 
their native tongues. 

He served as interpreter for sev- 
eral presidents early in his career. 
When Mr. Nixon was met by angry 
mobs on a visit to Venezuela in 
1958, Mr. Walters was seated next 
to him as their limousine was driv- 
en to Caracas from the airport 

Swede Survives Ife-Confidence Vote. 

STOCKHOLM (Reuters) — Foreign Minister Lennart Bodstrom, as 
expected, survived a parliamentary no-confidence vote by 182 to 160 on 
Friday, but a dispute over his attitude to the Soviet Union has split 
Sweden's traditional consensus on foreign policy. 

Mr. Bodstrom provoked criticism last weekend when ne w spapers 
quoted him as casting doubts on military reports of foreign submarine 
intrusions in Swedish waters during the past three years and contending 
that Moscow could not be involved. 

He later said he had been mitiiicexpreted but he did not issue a detailed 
deniaL Prime Minister Olof Palme has rejected opposition calls to fire, 
him. U 

Mandela Is F ormaDy Offered Freedom 

PRETORIA (AP) —The government said Friday that it had formally 
offered freedom to Nelson Mandela, the imprisoned black leader. Prime 
Minister Pieter W. Botha had said previously that he would tree Mr. 
Mandela if his followers promised to renounce violence. 

A spo k e sman for the National Prisons Service said the offer was 
presented to Mr. Mandela, 66, at PoUsmoor Prison, near Cape Town, 
where he is serving a life sentence for sabotage. There was no immediate 
word on how Mr. Mandela responded, but leaders of his organization 
predicted he would ngect the offer. In January, before the offer was made, 
Mr. Mandela told an interviewer that his followers would not call a truce 
Mr, Walters is also well known duar war against white rule unless authorities “legalize us, treat us like 

for his prodigious memory and his a political party and negotiate with us." 

rets. While serv- In the late 1950s and early 1 960s, Mr. Mandela, who has been in prison 
for 22 years, helped form the African National Congress, an organization 
that seeks to end South Africa's policy of racial segregation. 

ability to keep secrets, wmte serv- 
ing as U.S. military attache in Paris 
during tbe late 1960s and early 
1970s, he arranged secret negotiat- 
ing sessions between the national 
security adviser, Henry A. Kissin- 
ger. and North Vietnamese diplo- 

me European members of me Am. _• Am f • -rn t C* n w-v -a 

SKS^S'aSSa.'SlS Automatic Airliners fly Luo Storm of Debate 

COM, used a similar argument last 
year. They said the export-control 
group should concentrate on pre- 
venting truly vital technologies 
from reaching Russian hands. CO- 
COM, which includes Japan and all 
NATO countries except Spain and 
Iceland, coordinates export con- 
trols on goods going to communist 

(Continued from Page I) 
signing automatic systems that 
deny the crew critical informa- 
tion," he said, as well as “access to 
control systems that are absolutely 
critical to the aircraft’s survival” 



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signers cot only do not design for 
pilots, but don’t even particularly 
like pilots. The pilots complicate 
their Job. It's a lot simpler to design 
a system that doesn’t have h uman 

Aviation safety experts and air- 
craft manufacturers “'also have 
raised concern about the effects of 

proper design “can minimize or 
eliminate tbe difficulties.” 

But aircraft manufacturers, espe- 
cially those at Boeing Co., who 
have been in tbe forefront in devel- 
oping highly automated cockpits, 
bristle at suggestions that tbe new 
jets are any less safe. 

In fact, they argue, tbe planes are 
safer because they give the pilot 
more information and relieve him 
of many routine monitoring duties. 

Aviation safety experts and a 
number of pilots interviewed ac- 

tween 541 million and $68 minion 
were designed for fullest use of the 
automated systems and were sold 
on the promise that the computers 
would cut fuel and labor costs. 

Kohl Sees Last Chance for EC Unity A 

BONN (Reuters) — Chancellor Helmut Kohl said Friday that this year 
would be the last chance for the 10 nations of the European Community 
to take a major step forward on integration and become mm than just an 
economic bloc. 

Speaking to the Bundesrat, or upper house, during a de ba te cm 
European policy, he said the goal of his center-right government was 
European union and that Bonn planned intensive talks with its EC 
partners op how to carry it out 

Expressing confidence that a decisive move toward integration was 
possible this year, he said: “This year is the last, great chance, grvai the 
political situation in some countries." He said community leaders, at his 
initiative, would discuss integration at a meeting in Milan in June. 

Hcrces also point to accident star- Shiite Says Israelis Attacked School 

Shiite orphanage and vocational school in son them Lebanon. 

Mr. Bern said Thursday that Israeli soldiers removed machinery and 

_ at airlines that are fly- 

. oucu wotern aooui uie enects or J* new, JV g ¥ y . computerized r h xj aHnn “i 

cockpit automation on the pilot J* 5 . ^ e&sed ^ pressure on P™. to ^ftional 

who is rapidly evolving into a “c* 5 for maximum use of _™ a ° ticg Md Space Admims- 
“flight system manager” or, as one . aul pmated systems. United re- 
Boeing official said, even a “back- qmres its 7 ^ 7 P^ ots to fly the air- 
craft manually at least some of the 
time to maintain their flying skills. 

However, planes like the Boeing 
767 or Boeing 757, which cost be- 

up system” to the computers. 

And while some pilots are ac- 
cepting the dramatic change, others 
find it hard to swallow. 

“The rapid pace of automation is 
outstripping one’s ability to com- 
prehend all its implications Tor 
crew performance,'' said Earl L 
Wiener, a University of Miami re- 
searcher who has written extensive- 
ly on the potential pitfalls of air- 
craft automation. 

While automation may bring, 
many safety and economic bene- 
fits, he wrote, there are signs that 
the computerized airplanes may 
create new problems that raise 
safety questions: pilots become 
bored, complacent, dissatisfied 
with tbe jobs and less skilled. 

^ The potential for catastrophe 
“docs exist.” conceded Richard F. 
Gabriel chief of human factors en- 
gineering at Douglas Aircraft Co. 
“Til is potential is recognized.” But 

sources _ _ 

af^Ssfpa^lty to'wmS'ha 8 two SnX)NLd>ancra (Reuters) — A Shiite Moslem leader, Nabih Beni, 

out of three airaaft acridents ptans 10 adc the the International Committee erf the Red Cross and the 
Swa: the new genmtion pkns Umted Nalion, to mtnvcnc to make Israeli forces liii a aege oa a large 
were introduced two years ago, 
none has been involved in an acci- 
dent traced to automation. budding. Sources in the south said a student from the'orohanage died 

But anonymous flight incident carrying out a suicide car-bomb attack Tuesday night against an Israeli 

convoy not far from the school near the port of Tyre. It was one of several^ 
attacks over 24 hours around Tyre in winch 16 Israelis vsere wounded. ’ 
trauon increasingly have involved IT 0 . , , _ 

»'£££££ on Qulean Loan Vote 

equipment' and burned documents and part of the eight-story school 

nautics and Space Administration 

Finland Returns Parts 

Of lost Missile to Soviet 

The Associated Prea 
HELSINKI — Finnish military 
authorities handed over- to the So- 
viet Union 

• A pilot of a new generation jet 
reported that two computers giving 
conflicting commands nearly 
stalled his aircraft during an ap- 
proach far a landing, ine pilot 
switched to manual control just as 
the plane was about to stall in- 

— 7716 Utoted States has abstained on a vote to 
provide Chile with a $ 130-million loan from the Inter- American Devel- 
opment Bank, unofficially calling it a protest of Chile’s human rights 

It was the first such concrete gesture of the Reagan administration, 

nen 18 months ago began critirizuiR President Anmisto Pinochet of 

renewed repres* 

which is montbs a go began critii 
Chile for his lack of movement 
sion of his critics. 

Tlie rest of the 12 members of die bants board of directors, represeot- 
fcased power and isndwt safely If®- 7°^ Thursday in favor erf the loan, which was 

• On his approach to a busy air- 10 ^ Stetes had supported S340 

es naimed over to the So- port, a pilot was given a sudden , swcb 1®““ dunn 8 the last four months of ast year, 

jn on Friday the damaged change m runways by air traffic Voles 5 favor ^ ,sn — ft* * 3 5.7 million and $125 mm*™ — 

of a Soviet target missile control. The two-man crew was so oa ? md 05 35 November. At that time, thousands of Chilean 

busy reprogramming the comput- protests over General Pinochet’s 

era through the key&ard £a?ac- the state of siege Nov. 6. 

that crashed into Lake Inari on 
Dec, 28, the Foreign Ministry an 

n °n nCC ^,i. . , . . . - cording to one safety experL t^v 

. ll 5“. d roofer look place at “nearly flew into the groutid." 
the yai n ikkala border station in Sum inr idpms sussed a rf««r 
northern Finland. It added that the lesson, said John^^auber, - 

For the Record 

Soviet Embassy in Helsinki had 
agreed to pay 560 JOO markka* 
(about $83,000) in compensation 
“as requested by Finland” for the 
March and retrieval of the missDe 
parts, from the bottom of the lake. 

NASA researcher and exp e rt in air- 
craft automation and cockpit be- 
havior. ^New technology does not 
necessarily eHmiriatf. human er r or , 
and it can create many more oppor- 
tunities for error," he warned. 

The danger Gary Kasparov, had a one-pawn advantage in the 48th 
game of the world utle match when it was adjourned Friday. Play is to 
resume Saturday. The champion, Anatoli Karpov, leads 5-2 in tbe match. 


Admiral Sir Joim Fiddbouse, who played a key role in Britain’s war 
wifh Argentina over the Falkland Islands, has been appointed chief of the 
Bntish defense staff. (J(aam) 



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An Inside Straight 

Pennsylvanians are just wak- 
ing up io the fan that they have 
wtaai may be the loosest gam- 
bling law in the United States. 
Passed by lawmakers without 
debate and signed by an ami, 
gambling governor. 

Nobody noticed that Frank 
J. O'Connell Jr., a Republican 
state representative from the 
Pocono Mountains resort area 
where hold owners have long 
clamored for casino gambling, 

. inserted the word “card" in an 
t^obscure liquor regulation allow- 
ing billiards, bowling and darts 
1 contests in bars. 

The law allows anyone with a 
liquor license to run a card 
room. The house takes as much 
as it wants; the state neither 
taxes nor regulates play. 

Governor Richard L Thorn- 
burgh, a Republican, is on re- 
cord against legalized gambling 
and, an aide said, was embar- 
rassed over inadvertently sign- 
ing the b£LL A bipartisan group 
of legislators has introduced 
two bills to repeal the law, but 
this could take months. 

Switching Signals 
j*At Old Notre Dame 

The Reverend Theodore M. 
Hesburgh, president since 1952 
of the University of Notre 
Dame at South Bend, Indiana, 
a legendary football power and 
a prominent Roman Catholic 
university in the United States, 
says he concluded a few years 

ago that the university’s theol- 
ogy department had become 
"so interested in being ecu- 
menical that ii was no longer 

Accordingly, in 1980. be 

Theodore M. Hesburgh 

brought in a new chairman, the 
Reverend Richard McBrien, 
from Boston College, with or- 
ders to strengthen the depart- 
ment's Catholic character. The 
two-course theology require- 
ment no longer offers a smor- 
gasbord of non -Catholic and 
even non-Christian religion; 
both courses must relate to 
church doctrine. 

Professor Robert Wilken, a 
Lutheran expert on early 
church history who was hired in 
1970, says, “When 1 came here 
you didn't have to be Catholic, 
you had to be sensitive to Cath- 
olic issues. Now you have to be 

Notre Dame has a 60 percent 
Catholic faculty and a 92 per- 

cent Catholic student body. Fa- 
ther McBrien, conceding that 
genuine differences exist on 
how to assert Notre Dame's 
Catholic nature, says, “If Notre 
Dame went secular, it would be 
like turning Sl Patrick's Cathe- 
dral into a restaurant" 

The Discreet Habit 
Of the Bourgeoisie 

Heroin is becoming the 
of preference for members 
the middle class who no 
get a kick from cocaine. 
Forest Tennant, director ot a 
chain of Los Angeles-based 
drug-abuse dimes, says, “We’re 
not talking about gang mem- 
■bers and derelicts, rra treating 
people who pay their union 
dues, go to the PTA [Parra t- 
Teachcf Association], take their 
kids to Uttie League." 

Hie good news, Dr. Tennant 
said, is that middle-class ad- 
dicts, with families and- well- 
paying jobs, have too much to 
lose if they don’t stop the habit 
and arehighly motivated to do 

The bad news, says Robert 
Robertoo, head of the Califor- 
nia Division of Drug Programs, 
is that “designet drugs.” syn- 
thetic narcotics that are more 
powerful and more addictive 
than straight morphine, are go- 
ing to be the problem for the 
late 1980s. He says, “If middle- 
class people are using heroin 
now, pretty soon they're going 
to be exposed to the designer 

— Compiled by 


A French Communist’s Line on Party: 
A Prospect of Collapse From Within 

(Continued from Page 1) 

i* to Hit Chilian Tut ;&.■&£?&“ French Parly Must 

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trance of a delapidated workers' ]\T n f Cftfl,* FI^Ksitp 
hpsid and to prevent African un- OUu.6 UCDSiK^ 

families from a 

Migrant families from a nearby 
town from crowding into iL 
The episode gained wide atten- 
- tion throughout France and sug- 
j, gested that the Communist Party 
> bad no compunction about pander- 

■ ing to racism to compete with the 
extreme right for the anti-immi- 

■ grant vote. 

i- Other initiatives Bopped: Com- 
• rcuunst patrols in working-class 
; communities, designed to show the 
party cared about security in the 
streets and in public housing devd- 

Dissident Asserts 


PARIS — A member of the 
French Communist Party politbo- 
ro said Friday that the leadership’s 
attempts to stifle internal reform 
threatens the existence of their de- 
clining party. 

Pierre Juquin said at the 25 th 
congress that the party was losing 
support by refusing to criticize So- 
viet bloc states ana not becoming 
involved with the problems ref the 

sic 5 

iajm irt . .1 

* j r: i::::® 

keynote address earlier this week 
by the party’s general-secretary, 
Georges Marcbais, Mr. Juquin said 
it was simplistic to blame all eco- 
nomic ills on France's ruling So- 

“Internal debate is to our party 
as oxygen is to the human body, 
said Mr. Juquin, leader of a small 
group urging democratic reforms. 

His speech cm the third day of 
the congress received only scat- 
tered applause from the 2,000 dele- 
gates. Then a score of speakers at- 
tacked Mr. Juquin in what 
commentators said appeared to be 
an or&estrated campaign to re- 
move him from the politburo. 

j Itamv for £$} 


. ,,r„ \«acw%* 

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i +.* 

* • _■ 

W- wiutfccoflar *worta§, *youth 
tactn^An arten^t to inmiddate a immigrant 

: North African drug dealer wr h Tffity veiled attack on the 
i. bungled:- Communist militants 
i threatened the whole family, not 
just the dealer. 

e. Mr. Escude groans at the memo- 

- ry of how that incident echoed 
o through France amid the crisis in 

Poland, which had made “human 
{.rights" the topic d the day. 

The French Communists equivo- 
cated about the Polish situation. 

This revived the long-standing ac- 
.cusations that the French party is 
* more subservient to the Soviet lute 
■■than is any other major Co mmunis t 
Party in Western Europe. 

This accusation reflects directly 
on the leadership of Georges Mar- 
l. chais. He became secretary-general 
12 years ago after direct interven- 
^ tion by ihe Soviet Union, according 
;to a forthcoming book by Philippe 
:Rouberaix, a former Communist 
--.who is the leading historian on tire 
. French party. 

Mr. Marcbais initially seerned 
r capable of blazing a new trail for 
..the French party. He launched a 
campaign to win elections by alli- 
ances with other leftist parties and 
led the party toward Eurocommun- 
ism, calling for adaption to local 
, conditions such as Europe’s demo- 
v cratic traditions. 

- . The new approach brought en- 
thusiasm to the party stalwarts and 

7, many new recruits, mostly young 
_ people. Communist candidates 
'gained in local elections. 

But in 1977, before elections to 
„ the National Assembly, it became 
^ clear that the Socialists were gain- 
jng strength much faster than the 
Communists and would dominate 
a leftist parliamentary majority. 

Mr. Marcbais broke with the So- 
cialists by demanding a more radi- 
■ ; cal common program. The Com- 
‘•nmnist defection allowed the 
-conservatives to keep their hold on 
the French National Assembly. 

K The leftist alliance was officially 

: restored as the 1981 presidential 
Selections approached. But Mr. 

"Marcbais was constantly sniping at 
iihis nominal allies. 

' In 1980 while on a trip to Mos- 
cow, Mr. Marcbais condoned the 
Soviet invasion of Af ghani sta n . His 
stand was politically disastrous: It 
' suggested that French Commu- 

- fliers, unable to tolerate a broad 
■'“union of the left,” were reverting 

to their earlier dependence on the 
-Soviet Union. 

This aliwiatwl the few prominent 
French inteflectuals left m the par- 
ty. In its heyday, support from in- 
'ieQectuals like Jcan-Panl Sartre 
“gad given communism a broad ap- 
'beaL But Mr. Marches, perceived 
as uncouth and comic, had already 
'hounded most intellectually im- 
ive theoretirians out of the 


said Henri Fiszbin, a Communisi 

Party workers like Mr. Escude- 
got discouraged as they found for- 
mer Communist sympathizers less 

Trying to talk to workers at shift 
change m the local factory of the 
Air Liquide company one day 18 
months ago, he found that almost 
none of them had heard of new 
laws designed to provide more in- 
dustrial democracy. - 

“Nobody wanted to know. Peo- 
ple were preoccupied with other 
questions, money worries mainly, 
and the nightmare of unemploy- 
ment.” Mr. Escude said. There 
were more than two nnllion French 
workers unemployed, layoffs were 
becoming increasingly numerous in 
Vi try, and living standards were 
falling for the first time in 30 years. 

In this situation. Mr. Escude 
said, “People just didn’t believe 
anymore that the left had any an- 
swers." Mr. Escude says he believes 
that the left's vote wiH drop again 
in the next elections in Vitiy. In 
nearby Antony, which 'had been 
Communist-controlled for years, 
the right managed to win power in 

There are two main interpreta- 
tions of Mr. Marcbais’ downhill 
performance in the last decade. 

Many people assert that Mr. 
Marcbais is acting under instruc- 
tions from the Soviet Union to un- 
dermine the union of the French 
left. The Soviet Union, this argu- 
ment r ims , would like to replace the 
Socialist government because it is 
too strongly and effectively anti- 
Soviet, criticizing Soviet actions in 
the name of leftist values. 

Others say that Mr. Marcbais 
simply lades the political vision to 
lead the Communist Party through 
a sociological crisis as the French 
of all classes and groups become 
exposed to more viewpoints and 
chafe under an authoritarian party 

Since 1981, the party leadership system. 

-Sto Sue beeSmie involved Unlike the Iiahan Comraumst 
SrinfiSting, presumably over Party, whose mtdlectuafr have 

rthanwith developing a new pbliti- o*woal rate the French party 
Bui strategy and remotivaung the seems unmooiie, 

*®“ , Mr. Marshals has come to sym- 

. - TfeCommunisis, by criddring bolia ihis narrow outlook. Ttare 

*Ssar jsasa smms; 

it was sitting on.” teter. peitops m f«or of . mm 

Reagan Tells U.S. Admired Cautioned on ' War Trophies 9 

Of Doubts on 
Need to Raise 
Business Tax 

accomplished figure such as 
Charles Fitennan, who was trans- 
port minister in the Mitterrand 

“A lot of us thought that this 
time, after so many setbacks, 
Georges might go," Mr. Escude 
said. "More of us thought it than 
anyone imagines outride." 

Polls show that nearly one-third 
of Communists think that Mr. 
Marcbais is a poor leader. French 
people generally, and Communists 
in particular, say the most urgent 
priority for ‘the party is the need to 
change leadership. 

But Mr. Marcbais seems certain 
to survive for the immediate future. 
Resigned to this, Mr. Escude trans- 
ferred his attention to the fate of a 
reform movement that, has sprang 
lup inride-the party, the so-called 
rinovafeurs lea by a charismatic 
member of the party politburo. 
Pierre Juquin. 

' The reformist minority controls 
only a handful of votes at this 
week’s congress. But there was 
wide support for them throughout 
the country at preparatory meet- 
ings. Several regional federations, 
in an unprecedented challenge to 
party discipline, proposed drastic 
changes to the party line. 

Three changes appear crucial to 
the reformist movement if the party 
is to be revived. 

They want a dear declaration at 
independence from Moscow. They 
object to the French party’s equivo- 
cal altitude toward developments 
in Eastern Europe. They criticize 
its failure to denounce Soviet pres- 
sure on Poland and its reluctance to 
proclaim the economic failure rtf 
■the Soviet model -. 

■ They want an open party debate 
on the reasons lor the failure of the 
alliance with the Socialists, which 
remains popular. A Sofres poll this 
week showed two-thirds of the 
Communist respondents favored 
political co-operation between 
Communists and Socialists in the 
legislative elections next year. 

Most important, the reformists 
want the party to tolerate more 
diversity of opinion within its 

^Jfs what we need most — room 
to breathe and at least talk about 
our dissppoin imraus," Mr. Escude 
said. But party leaders, who are 
used to laying down the party line, 
often panic at the thought of hav- 
ing to cope with open party £ ac- 
tions, he acknowledged. 

Mr. Juquin and Ins followers are 
likely to get scam recognition- The 
Communist rule of democratic cen- 
tralism means that minorities must 
renounce their views once the party 
line has been decreed. 

What is significant is whether the 
congress removes the prominent 
dissidents such as Mr. Juquin from 
influential party positions. If the 
dissidents are stlenoed, as seems 
likely, the party will become even 
more inward-loolting. 

More voles would be lost for the 
French left, electoral consultants 
say. Hie party itself, they say, will 
eventually be reduced to paid party 
stalwarts, who have nowhere else to 
go, and to people like Mr. Escude 
and other survivors of a generation 
of idealistic militants, who think of 
the party as the only famOy where 
divorce is unthinkable. 

The Associated Press 
NEW YORK. — President Ron- 
ald Reagan has indicated in an in- 
terview that be is not convinced of 
the need to raise taxes on corpora- 
tions, as the tax-overhaul plan rec- 
ommended by his Treasury De- 
partment would do. 

Hie plan would increase corpo- 
rate taxes by 37 percent. That 
change, coupled with etimmatian 
of some deductions and paring of 
others, would pay for an overall 
reduction in indivi dual income tax- 
es averaging about 8percenL 
The interview on Tnursday with 
The WaU Street . Journal came one 

domed a “hutori^rtf onn tax 
simplification" in his State of the 
Union message. Advocates of tax 
reform in Congress and the admin- 
istration said the speech imparted a 
new momentum to the issue. 

But in the interview, Mr. Reagan 
expressed surprise that the Trea- 
sury proposal would raise taxes on 
corporations. “I haven't even made 
an attempt to study that bill in 
detail that much to know that,” the 
president said. 

“1 assume that that would mean 
things that would be taken away 
from them that are present deduc- 
tions," Mr. Reagan said. “No. I 
would have to be convinced of the 
need to do that because I'm a be- 
liever that one day we must recog- 
nize that only people pay taxes." 

The “things" that corporations 
would lose under the Treasury plan 
would be accelerated depreciation, 
which permits recovery through the 
tax system of money spent for 
plant and equipment, and the in- 
vestment tax credit, under which 
the government pays up to 10 per- 
cent of the cost of machinery. 

The president repealed in the in- 
terview that any tax plan he recom- 
mends to Congress — and he has 

yd to endorse specifics of the Trea- 
sury plan — would produce no 
more money for the government 
than does the present system. 

However, if the big corporate tax 
changes were dropped from the 
Treasury proposal. Congress would 
have to find other ways of paying 
for the reduction in individual tax 
rates. The two corporate chang ps 
would be expected to save the Trea- 
sury $100 billion in 1990 and more 
in each successive year. 

■ Tax Bill to Be Delayed 

David R Rosenbaum of Ihe New 
York Times reported from Washing- 

Treasury Secretary James A. 
Baker 3d said Thur&ay that he 
would not be prepared to present 
Congress with a completed tax plan 
when he goes before the House 
Ways and Means Committee ou 
Feb. 27. 

In an interview during a break ra 
testimony before the House Appro- 
priations Committee, Mr. Baker 
said, “I will bring than up-to-date 
on the status of our work, but Tm 
not putting a date on when we win 
be finished." 

Two dements are said to have 
caused delays in the administra- 
tion's consideration of the tax is- 
sue. First, negotiations within the 
administration over goveramen 
spending in tire new federal budget 
lasted much longer than expected. 

Then Mr. Baker became secre- 
tary ot the Treasury while Donald 
T. Regan became White House 
chief of staff, and there woe other 
high-level staff changes in the Trea- 
sury and tire White House. 

Nonetheless, authorities in Con- 
gress and the Treasury cited several 
reasons for their optimism that tax 
legislation would gel a full hearing 
this year and would stand a reason- 
able chance of enactment Fore- 
most in thm drinking is the empha- 
sis the president placed on taxes in 
his Wednesday night address. 

After the address. Senator Bill 
Bradley ol New Jersey, sponsor of 
a widely taJked-aboat Democratic 
tax measure, said he was optimistic 
about the prospects for legislation. 

Representative Dan Rostenkow- 
siri, a Democrat of Illinois who is 
chairman of the House Ways and 

la tion generally originates, was raT 
tiaOy wary about trying to rewrite 
the Lax code in a year when the 
committee planned to deal with 
other sensitive issues such as 
changes in Medicare. 

Bat he announced Wednesday 
that his committee would begin 
hearing on the tax issue Feb. 27 
with testimony from Mr. Baker. An 
aide said Mr. Rostenkowski "plans 
to make tax reform his mission in 

In tire Senate, Bob Packwood of 
Oregon, the Republican chairman 
of the Finance Committee, has also 
changed his tone somewhat Mr. 
Packwood ’s immediate response 
after the Treasury's plan was an- 
nounced was, “1 sort of like the tax 
code the way it is." Recently, how- 
ever, Mr. Packwood has said be 
could support at least 80 percent of 
the Treasury’s proposals. 


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In Front* on sole in Dnjgtftwet, HeoW J o o d stores, eta. 

By Michael Weisskopf 
and Fred Hiacr 

W ashington Peer Smir? 

WASHINGTON — Vice Admi- 
ral Joseph Metcalf 3d was cau- 
tioned alter he tried to bring cap- 
tured Soviet-made weapons back 
from the U.S. invasion of Grenada, 
while seven tower-ranking service- 
men were court-martialed and im- 
prisoned for doing the same thing. 
according to Pentagon officials. 

According to military regula- 
tions. U-S. servicemen returning 
from combat duty are allowed to 
bring back certain “war trophies” 
and firearms. But the code notes 
certain exceptions, including auto- 
matic weapons, and emphasizes 
that "major commanders will be 
guided by this regulation." 

According to Pentagon sources. 
Admiral Metcalf told investigators 
that he brought hack 16 AK-47 
automatic rifies as souvenirs fol- 
lowing tire Oct. 19, 1983. Grenada 
invasion and was not aware of pro- 

The weapons on Admiral Met- 
calfs plane were held overnight cm 
his return on Nov. 3. 1983, and 
then turned over the next day, 
along with tire case itself, to the 
Naval Investigative Service for an 
investigation that lasted a month. 

[Navy Secretary John Lehman 
told The Associated Press on 
Thursday that he had talked to Ad- 
miral Metcalf and told him that he 
should “see that his staff more 
carefully researches the regulations 
to see that they are in full compli- 
ance of the handling of war souve- 

Navy officials issued a statement 
on Thursday that “Admiral Met- 
calf has been cautioned regarding 
the capture and disposition of ene- 
my weapons following battle." The 

UmwS Ptat Immeuanal 

Vice Admiral Joseph Metcalf during the Grenada invasion. 

statement said the navy "considers 
the matter closed" and declined to 

Admiral Metcalf. 56, was the 
commander of the 2d Fleet. He was 
promoted to the post of deputy 
chief of operations for surface war- 
fare in September last year. 

An officer and four NCOs from 
the S2d Airborne Division were 
court-martialed, fined, imprisoned 
and dismissed from the service for 
related offenses after serving in 
Grenada, an army spokesman said. 

Captain John E. Dorsz. 28. was 
convicted ol larceny, conspiracy to 
commit larceny and conduct unbe- 
coming on officer and be was sen- 
tenced to a year in prison. He said 
at his court-martial that he brought 
five AK-47 s from Grenada, intend- 
ing to keep one as a souvenir, give 
two to his alma mater, the Valley 
Forge Military Academy, and two 
to lower-ranking soldiers in his 

According to testimony. Captain 
Dorsz turned in the guns after real- 

izing that he should not have them 
and after hearing about a U.S. am- 
nesty program. But army prosecu- 
tors said they should not be bound 
by federal amnesty promises since 
they had conducted an indepen- 
dent investigation, according to 
news accounts. 

Captain Dorsz. released last year 
before serving his full sentence. 
akn was dismissed from the army 
and fined 5500 a month for one 

Four noncommissioned army of- 
ficers were fined, sentenced to hard 
labor for terms ranging from nine 
months to two years, demoted to 
private and given bad-conduct dis- 

A marine spokesman said at 
least two marines have been court- 
martialed for offenses related to 
arms captured in Grenada, while a 
third faces trial. 

Senior naval officials privately- 
acknowledged an apparent discrep- 
ancy in the weapons cases but said 
the navy should not be expected to 
match what they termed toe army's 
harsh brand of justice. 

■ Foreign Troops to Leave 

The Reagan administration said 
Thursday Sat all foreign troops, 
including 250 U.S. military person- 
nel. would be withdrawn from Gre- 
nada over five and a half months 
starting in mid-April. The New 
York Times reported from Wash- 

The Sure Department said the 
phased withdrawal of the remain- 
ing VS. soldiers and 400 troops 
from other Caribbean nations 
should be complete by the end of 
September, when Grenada expects 
to have its own police force in 

U.S. to Require Some Diplomats 
To Pay Sales, Restaurant Taxes 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — Die State Department, retaliating for the 
taxation of U.S. diplomats is 28 other nations, has announced that it 
would require diplomats from those countries to begin paying sales 
and other taxes in the United States. 

Diplomats from Britain, Canada, Mexico and 25 other nations that 
do not exempt U-S. diplomats from sales and value-added taxes will 
lose their sales tax exemption in the District of Columbia, Maryland 
and Virginia on Feb. 15. Diplomats from 35 other nations will lose 
part of their exemption. 

The rest of the United States is expected to be involved by the end 
of the year, resulting in a S3- million gain in taxes for stale govera- 
orenls. Besides sales taxes, some states also have taxes on hotel rooms, 
meals and parking that trill be affected. 

To enforce the plan, foreign diplomats entitled to exemptions will 
be be issued special cards to show when making purchases. Diplomats 
from the 28 nations trill not receive the cards, meaning they must pay 
all sales and other taxes. 

The United Slates contends that the taxation of UX diplomats 
abroad violates a section of the Vienna Convention that encourages 
tax exemption for diplomats. U.S. missions and their staffs abroad 
reportedly spend more than $15 million annually in sales and value- 
added taxes. i c ' 

— — • - - _ : ' ..# *4 *- 

Court Says Duarte 

New York Times Service 

preme Court of El Salvador has 
ruled that President Jose Napoleon 
Duarte acted unconstitutionally 
when he vetoed parts of a new 
electoral law in December. 

The decision Thursday means 
that an alternative law passed by 
the Legislative Assembly goes into 
effect. That law favors the Nation- 
alist Republican Alliance and the 
National Conciliation Party in leg- 
islative and local elections this 
March 31 by allowing them to form 
a coalition and run the same list of 

The combined vote is almost cer- 
tain to allow the conservatives to 
maintain their majority in the Leg- 
islative Assembly, which would 
force Mr. Duarte to compromise 
with his opponents for the remain- 
ing four years of his presidency. 

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OK* i" 


OJ^t i- '' 

Page 4 




Pub&ivd Wdfa The New York Times and Hie Warfrington Port 


Tamils Across the Strait 

The tragedy unfolding in Sri Lanka, known 
as a shcwplace of democracy and develop- 
ment, finds its causes in histone tensions be- 
tween the Buddhist Sinhalese majority and the 
Hindu Tamil minority. Tamil terrorists upset 
the balance two years ago, and the govern- 
ment’s hesitations and the army’s excesses 
have since made a bad situation worse. It 
appears that the struggle may be moving past 
the point of political return. 

Americans and others are advising the gov- 
ernment, even as it fights the terrorists, to 
ensure that the army treats the non-guerrilla 
Tamil population more carefully and to renew 
its search for a political settlement. This is 
good advice, but there is a sinking feeling all 
around that it is not enough. 

It is not enough, for one reason: Sri Lanka 
faces an extremely difficult situation in India. 
Sri Lanka's Tamils have close connections to 
the 45 milli on Tamils in India's Tamil Nadu 
state — which lies, at its closest point, just an 
hour's speedboat ride away across the Palk 
Strait. The late Indira Gandhi allowed the Sri 
i-aniran separatist army to train and stage in 
Tamil Nadu. Her successor as prime minister. 

her son Rajiv, is regarded as more receptive to 
Sri l-ankan complaints, but nationalist senti- 
ment stOl makes it difficult to crack down. 
Guerrillas acknowledge to reporters that the 
supply line across the water remains open. 

Unfortunately, there is more. Sri Lanka’s 
T amils, making up barely 12 percent of the 
population, can hardly expect on their own to 
force a partition and to set up and sustain an 
independent state. There is a suspicion that the 
terrorists* real strategy may be to provoke 
Sinhalese repr essio n against T amil civilians on 
a scale that would precipitate an Indian 
“peacekeeping" intervention. In the region, 
few have forgotten haw Indian forces carved 
Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971. 

Rajiv Gandhi has assured viators that India 
has no intention of a mflitary intervention in 
Sri Ijinfra. But the situation on the ground is 
deteriorating. Terrorism, as India’s own recent 
Sikh explosion amply demonstrated, hardens 
all sides. The first responsibility for what hap- 
pens in Sri l-anlra fails on the government in 
Colombo. But India also has a heavy responsi- 
bility. and it is not fulfilling it. 


Poles Have Their Limits 

It is always a sign of progress when a police 
state seriously prosecutes police crimes. The 
stiff sentences that Poland has imposed on 
four officers of the Interior Ministry for the 
murder of Father Jerzy Popieluszko sets a 
welcome new standard of accountability. Simi- 
lar crimes with less famous victims too often 
went unacknowledged and unpunished Ideal- 
ly, the fate of Captain Grzegorz Piotrowski, 
Colonel Adam Pietruszka and Lieutenants 
Leszek Pekala and Waldemar Gumelewski 
wiD deter others in the security apparatus from 
giving and following murderous orders. 

But what of the regime’s responsibility? 
While it is unlikely that General Wqjciech 
Jaruzelski himself ordered the murder of the 
pro- Solidarity priest, the official explanation 
strains credibility. It is that the murder was a 
plot by hard-line conspirators to discredit the 

regime. The Jaruzelski government needed no 
such help to earn a reputation for brutal re- 
pression —not after years of martial law, fatal 
gunfire against demonstrating miners, thou- 
sands of political prisoners and the disappear- 
ance and murder of SO Solidarity supporters. 

StilL even this shameless regime could un- 
derstand that the murder of an internationally 
known priest was carrying thuggery too far. It 
learned again, as it did during die aborted 
show trial of Solidarity activists and the phony 
amnesty of 1983. that there are limits to what 
Polish and international opinion trill bear. 

Agitation for limits accounts for the modest 
progress thus far achieved. The Toran verdict 
is part of that progress. But never forget that 
the inspiration for it was an outraged Polish 
public, hacked by influential foreign friends. 


A Skillful Tricky Speech 

Once again, it was skillful theater. Fresh 
1 from his starring role in the second inaugura- 
tion, President Reagan brought some unusual 
guests to his fourth State of the Union address. 
His administration has done nothing to de- 
serve credit for the achievements of Jean 
Nguyen, a Vietnamese refugee girl about to 
graduate from West Point, or Clara Hale, who 
cares for the babies of addicts in Harlem. But 
he is entitled lo credit for giving them, and 
what they represent, respect. 

It seemed contrived to schedule the speech 
on his 74th birthday. Yet that, too, wanned the 
atmosphere. What could be more amiably bi- 
partisan than singing “Happy Birthday" to the 
president of the United States? 

Nonetheless, there were deep flaws in the 
performance, flaws resembling those trick 
birthday candles that flash back into flame as 
soon as you blow them out Mr. Reagan is fond 
of saying things (hat he knows to be contradic- 
tory and misleading, but even when corrected 
— flash — he keeps repeating them. 

This has nothing to do with rhetorical flour- 
ishes. No one can begrudge a landslide victor 
his declaration that “this nation is poised for 
greatness." And parts of the president’s pro- 
gram are bold and welcome. He lobbied stout- 
ly for tax simplification, a goal that richly 
deserves priority from Congress. There is merit 
in his proposals to test enterprise zones to 
revive life and jobs in city slums, and in further 
deregulation of energy and transportation. 

Still, there are those trick candles. 

Some are small. The president implies that 
he is responsible for rising College Board 
scores and falling crime rates. What has he 
done to account for the scores? With the baby- 
boom bulge passing out of the crime-prone 

years, there had better be a decline in crime. 

More disturbing are the larger candles, like 
the proposed balanced-budget amendment It 
would forbid federal budget deficits and the 
pump- p riming that Mr. Reagan has pursued 
for four years. “Nearly 50 years of government 
living beyond its means has brought us lo a 
time of reckoning." he say s. True. And what 
does that reckoning show? That President 
Reagan is running up moire debt than all 
previous presidents put together. 

Likewise, Mr. Reagan talks of a freeze on 
federal spending, the very word “freeze” con- 
noting an across-the-board hMt Bwrthat is not 
what his budget proposes. fll m®ss a freeze 
on total spending, masking- a jump of $32 
billion in defense. That may or may not be 
justified. A freeze it’s not. 

The most troubling double-talk concerns 
“star wars," the Strategic Defense Initiative. 
Mr. Reagan complains that it is not well un- 
derstood. Small wonder, since what he de- 
scribes is very different from what he is pursu- 
ing. “Its purpose is to deter war in the heavens 
and on Earth," he says, promising a system to 
defend all America, cities and missiles. But no 
such system win be remotely feasible for de- 
cades — and all the money now sought is for a 
system that would defend only missiles. That 
might become an aspect erf deterrence. More 
likely, it will intensify the arms race. 

The president most know that, just as be 
knows that the budget he has sent to Congress 
is out of balance by one-fifth of a trillion 
dollars. So why does be keep sparking all those 
candles, Idling what in politics might be 
passed off as little white lies? They are not lies, 
but they are not little, either. 


Other Opinion 

An Incomplete Trial in Poland 

In the end, the [secret police] leadership has 
not been on trial, despite the fact that it must 
be held responsible for the brutality and the 
mentality of hate within the secret police. 

It has been established that the secret police, 
with its dose links to the government, system- 
atically harassed and tortured political oppo- 
nents. And now we know that it happened 
with the approval and even at the instigation 

of the organization's leadership. We under- 
stand from the trial proceedings that the Po- 
pieluszko case was no exception. On the con- 
trary, the priest was only one of the secret 
police's many victims, although the others did 
not pay with their lives. 

The Torun trial could have been a turning 
point- It was not, partly due to the prosecu- 
tion’s incredibly cynical insinuation that Fa- 
ther Popiduszko was to blame for his death. 

— A/gemeen Dagblad ( Rotterdam }. 


1910: Germany Plans Big Naval Base 
BERLIN — Plans for the new German naval 
base at Bruns buiteL at the western end of the 
Kaiser WQhelm Canal are completed, and 
work is to be begun immediately. The work 
will require many years, and when finished the 
new naval base win be the greatest on the 
North Sea. It is intended to rank with Kiel 
with its great natural harbor, at the north- 
eastern end of the canaL The harbor will ex- 
tend from BrunsbQttel north-eastward to the 
small lake connected with the canal and win 
be divided into harbors for the largest war- 
ships and for merchant vessels. The construc- 
tion of the base necessitates the deepening of 
the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal so as to reader it 
navigable by the largest German battleships 
existing or to be built within the next decade. 

1935: Spots Breaking Oat on the San 
BERLIN — After nearly three months of gray 
wintry weather, the sun returned to this city 
[on Feb. 8], and astronomers and meteorolo- 
gists were rewarded for their long vigil by 
discovery of a group of enormous spots on the 
sun ten times the size of the Earth. Potsdam 
Observatory reports having found on the lower 
left edge of the sun a fantastical group of spots, 
tbe length of which the German scientists 
estimated to be between 37,500 and 43,750 
miles. Astronomers say these sun spots repre- 
sent a cyclone of powerful dimensions which 
has suddenly appeared on the sun and is now 
moving in the upper gas stratum and ending 
great waves of electrical tension into space. 
The public is warned to expect disturbances in 
radio and telephone communications. 

JOHN HAY WHITNEY. Ckamm 1958-1982 





carl gewirtz 

LEE W. HUEBNER, Pid&her 

Exeuthc Editor RENfi B0NDY Dam PtAS&er 

Editor ALAIN LECOUR Asotin* hUbfo 

Deputy EOtor RICHA RD H. MORGAN Associate PubtisM* 

Dam Editor STEPHAN W. CONAWAY Director 

Associate Edit* FRANCOIS DESMAiSONS Director 

ROLF D. KRANEPUHL Dincsottf AJveriiatg Stdo 
r«.tn r,va ftnnal Herald Tribune. 181 AwmK Qadt^deGmflc, 92200 Neuffly-sur-Srine, 

747-1265. Tdcc 612718 (Herald). Cables Herald Paris. ^ 

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Asia Headquarters, 24-34 Hemessy Rd, Hong KerngTeL 5-285618. Telex 61170. 

MacDchtoLtBUmgAdeUndon WO. TA83648BL Ttkx 262009. 

By Mazber Bameed 

W ashington - King Fahd, 
who arrives in Washington od* - 
Sunday, is among the first nr. die? 
parade of Middle Eastern visitors ^ 

call on President Reagan as he begms'; 

his second term. Sudi official visits' 1 
on ceremony" and’ 1 


short on substance, but it would be g. 

great mistake to treat the Saudi m 

that nnv The 

arch's trip that way. 
and the king have a great deaf to tall 

:.iJi»rn,n m3 nv mi nm nn 

about including many common m-^ 
teres ts in the Middle 

32 . 3 , 36 . 7 , 49 . 5 , 65 . 8 , 67 . 6 , 111.1 

• • 

W ASHINGTON — State of the 
Union speeches, if they are as 
good as President Reagan's was 
Wednesday night, are poetry. Bud- 
gets are prose — or. worse, numbers. 

The Slate of the Union Message is 
where a president showcases every- 
thing that is going right, everything 
be hopes to accomplish. Budgets are 
where you sometimes have to confess 
that thing s arc off track. 

But there is nothing in the constitu- 
tion that requires a president to ad- 
vertise calamity. So Mr. Reagan, like 
his predecessors, hid it away, deep in 
the thickets of the budget document 

By David S. Broder 

begun to go out of controL In 1980 
the Treasury spent 552 billion in in- 
terest payments. This year the bill 
will reach $111 billion. By 1989, $214 
billion ... What Lord Keynes called 
the ‘magic of compound interest’ 

be put out last Monday. 
Half of 

the scare story was tucked 
away in a table on pagp 157 of chap- 
ter five of the budget. Tbe other half 
appears nowhere; you have lo go into 
the past records to find it for yourself. 

I am going to put down a series of 
numbers for you to look at: 323. 
36.7, 49.5, 65.8, 67.6, 1 1 1.1. Here are 
four more: 130.4, 1426, 1529, 1592. 

I am not trying to be mysterious. 
The numbers measure the annual in- 
terest payments on America’s nation- 
al debt. Put a dollar sign in front Pul 
a billion b ehin d. What they describe 
is a runaway locomotive. 

The first six numbers, running up 
from $32 billion to Sill billion, rep- 
resent the actual increase in the annu- 
al interest payment between 1979 and 
1984. (Only the last number is includ- 
ed in Mr. Reagan's budget.) It has 
more than tripled. And the next four 
numbers, jumping from $130 billion 
to SI 59 billion, are Mr. Reagan's pro- 
jection of the annual ini crest pay- 
ments in the next four years. 

• Note that the rate of increase slows 
— since the Reagan budget assumes 
that “the 91-day Treasury bill rate” (a 
key to the rate of interest the govern- 
ment pays) will “decline steadily 
from an average of 9.6 percent in 
calendar year 1984 to 5.9 percent in 
1988.” Set aside that blue-sky fore- 
cast and annual interest payments 
zoom to the 5200-billion range. 

Note, too, that even under Mr. 
Reagan’s optimistic forecast, annual 
interest payments will have multi- 
plied by five in 10 years. 

And they will continue to soar, 
because, under Mr. Reagan's budget, 
even if every single one of bis savings 
proposals is accepted by Congress 
(fat chance!) be would nave us in- 
crease the federal deficit by $ 144 bil- 
lion in 1988 and add proportionally 
to the annual interest ML 

The pant is not complicated; it is 
just one that Mr. Reagan wants to 
keep secret: Tbe deficit is eating us 
alive; it is running away with us. 

And it cannot be cured on the 
spending ride, even if yon swallow all 
Mr. Reagan's medicine. 

This is no big discovery on my 

If the cost of a weapons 
or welfare program 
were quintupling, 
everyone would say it 
was out of controL 

works with debt as well as with sav- 
ings. It starts slowly, then explodes." 

That explosion is now happening. 
It will occur whatever Congress does 
with Mr. Reagan's proposal budget 
cuts — even if it accepts them all. 

The explosion will go on until it 
ravages the value of the dollar — 
unless someone has the courage to 

say that Americans have to pay for 
the amount of government services 
they geL That is, unless someone 
say's, “Raise taxes.” 

Mr. Reagan won't, because he 
promised not to. The Democrats 
won't, because Walter F. Mondale 
did, and he lost 49 states. 

I am a political reporter, and 
I understand political realities. But I 
can also add and subtract. .And since 
1 am not running for anything, I can 
tell you what the politicians won't: 
Taxes have to go up. 

The president’s Council of Eco- 
nomic Advisers hinted at the truth in 
a report last Tuesday. The Wall 
Street Journal caught 'Senator Bob. 
Packwood. the Oregon Republican 
who chairs the Senate Finance Com- 
mittee, suggesting that it might be 
necessary to raise taxes, and it 
warned him. “We’ll be watching." 

If the cost of a weapons system or a 
welfare program were quintupling, 
everyone would say it was out of 
control But interest payments are 

quintupling in a decade, and almost 
every politician looks the other way. 
Why? Because they think the peo- 
le will not accept tax increases. That 

pie will not accept 

is a strange assumption. Hidden 
away in Mr. Reagan's budget is a 
table showing that the tax increase 

passed by Congress in 1982 (in par- _ . - 

tial p enan ce for the tax-cut orgy of^ steps to end the war ana timber but-.-. 
1981) brought in $36 billion in 1984 tress the security of the Gulf. 

le East. ‘ »r 
Some things do not need to be' 3 - 
discussed. When President Hostin' 
Mubarak of Egypt and Prime Minis- ] 
ter Shimon Peres of Israel iiavd to? 
Washington this spring, much of 
their discussion will have to do with’ 1 
tbe enormous sums that they are re^>' 
questing in military and econonnci 
aid. Even with the oil glut, at leas w* 
know that this is one question that , 
will not be raised by King Fahd. / 

Where then might the president > 
and the king begin their discussion?-; 
Their once divergent and disjointed 
attempts to assist the Afghan resist: 
lance are much better coordinated/ 
today. The Saudis are still seeking! 
more American help, but both coon-.' 
tries can takepride in their 
reinforcing efforts to keep the Hattie 1 
of hope burning in Afghanistan. . .» 

Similarly, the stabilization of the: 
Iran- Iraq war allows Saudis and! 
Americans to consider additional] 

and will bring in $254 billion between 
1984 and 1988. The 1984 tax bill will 
odd S72 billion more in receipts. 

Did those tax increases unleash a 
flood of new spending proposals? 
Did they abort the recovery, diminish 
investment incentives, trigger a tax- 
payer revolt or destroy the American 
way of life? Hell no: they just reduced 
the hemorrhage of red ink. But Mr. 
Reagan says taxes must not be raised, 
and be won 49 states, so that settles 
the mailer. America has a president 
who believes in traditional values. AH 
but one: He doesn't believe in paying 
his bills. And the Democrats are too 
scared to challenge him. 

Our kids will pay for ibis folly. 

Washington Pan Writers Group. 

The events of the past two yean —r 
including Saudi efforts to deter Irani- 
an attacks on oil tankers in the Gulf ] 
— have demonstrated the wisdom oft 
Washington's decisions to coordinate* 
Gulf security with Saudi Arabia and? 
build up Saudi defensive strength, T 
Against that background, the two^ 
leaders are also likely to discuss tlkL. 
need to improve the kingdom's mili- 
tary command and control facilities. 

The two men may have less in 
common when it comes to the Arab- 
Israeli conflict, but even here (here 
are some overlapping interests. In tbs 
last two years no country worked 1 

more closely with the United Staley 

The Deficit: 'Potentially Lethal Cancer 9 

to bring about a favorable outcome 
Lebanon than did Saudi Arabia. The 
kingdom participated actively in the 
negotiations with Lebanon and Syria 

md paid heavily in treasure and po-, 
itical lev* 

■^ASHINGTON — There is a 

tendency in some quartets ta 
the fedr 

By Hobart Rowen 

scoff at the federal budget deficit. 
After all the skv hasn’t fallen, despite 
the huge deficits piled up by Presi- 
dent Reagan. Thus political colum- 
nist Tom Wicker suggests (IHT. Feb. 
7/ that all the talk about deficits rep- 
resents “hysteria along the Poto- 
mac." Mr. Wicker says the economy 
has been doing well and the deficit 
has been “a major stimulus to solid 
economic growth." So why worry? 

Others who beliule the deficit 
problem, including some business 
lobbyists and unreconstructed sup- 
ply-siders, point out that predictions 
of double-digit interest rates that 
would “crowd out’’ invesunem have 
not been borne ouL 

This all seems reasonable. But 
those who brush off the defied are 
giving us, at best, a highly selective 
reading of the situation. Even top 
officials of the Reagan administra- 
tion finally concede that the accumu- 
lated budget deficits are swelling at 
such a frightening pace that econom- 
ic growth alone will not be enough to 
cut them back to safe levels. 

Mr. Reagan skirted the issue in his 
State of the Union speech. But Bud- 
get Director David Stockman said 
bluntly, “The president realizes that 
this is the last opportunity to restrain 
government and to reduce its size." 

A member of the president's Coun- 

emment services. It must be financed 
by taxes sooner or later . . . Borrow- 
ing only puts off the time in which the 
taxes have to be raised." 

It is fallacious to assume that the 
economy is strong and healthy' de- 
spite the’ deficits. The reality is merely 
that America has enjoyed a sharp 
rebound from a severe recession that 
left many important weak areas, as 
was pointed out recently by the presi- 
dent of the Federal Reserve Bank of 
New York, E Gerald Corrigan. 

The crucial fact is tku tbe national 
debt is growingat a faster rate than i* 
the economy. The debt is feeding on 
itself at progressively higher rates. 

Interest on the national debt, ac- 

cording to a new report by the Con- 
l Office, is the fast- 

cil of Economic Advisers. William 
part. Last September Senator Daniel Niskanen. put it plainly: “There is no 
P. Moynihan, the New Yoik Demo- way to avoid either present or future 
crat, wrote: “The interest deficit has taxation for the current level of gov- 

gressional Budget 
est growing component of the budget 
— swelling faster than Social Security 
payments or military spending. 

Ten years ago. interest payments 
on the debt totaled a mere $23 bil- 
lion. or 7 percent of tbe budget By 
1985. interest costs have soared to 
$130 billion, or 13.7 percent of tbe 
budget That is why Mr. Niskanen 
called tbe deficit “a slow-acting but 
potentially lethal cancer that must be 
dealt with sooner rather than later." 

President Reagan’s budget docu- 
ment shows that the grosi federal 
debt at the end of 1980 of $914 billion 
will double by the end of this year to 
51.841 trillion. The portion erf the 
debt held tty tbe public has risen from 

28 to 37 percent of GNP in this 
period. The CBO estimates that if 
policies are not changed, the debt mil 
be 50 percent of GNP by 1990. 

“Historical evidence provides little 
guidance for gauging tbe precise eco- 
nomic effects of peacetime deficits of 1 */; 
such magnitude and • duration, ufeu 
they dearly imply adverse conse- 
quences for long-run standards of liv- 
ing," the CBO said. 

Mr. Niskanen, like the president, 
prefers to get the deficit down 1 by 
cutting spending. "The arithmetic an- 
swer is that we cannot increase feder- 
al debt relative to tbe size of- the 
economy indefinitely," Mr. Niskanen 
told reporters. “That ratio has gpt to 
stabilize, and the president's .budget 
stabilizes that ratio by 1988 [at 40 
percent). Bui if that rauo keeps going 
up and going up, ybu either are gping 
to have a progressive reduction of 
non-interest spending, or a progres- 

leveragc to affect the outcome-, 
sought by both Riyadh and Washing-! 
ton. The cost of failure was as high in „ 
Saudi as in American prestige. , 
At the same time, however, Amen-' 
ca's approach to the Middle East—] 
an approach based on unquestioning; 
support- for Israeli interests — is seri- 
ously undermining the leadership of, 
legate Arab states, IflceSaudl^rarr 
ia and Jordan, an d’u. appears id] 
tve undercut rather than reinforced] 
any progress toward a regional settle- 
menL King Fahd may once again] 
enoonrage the Reagan administration 
to breathe new life into what was . 
once called “tbe peace process.' 

What has 

sive increase in tax' raxes. Now, that is 

When Blumsztajn Tried to Go Home 

id one! 

xy, in police custody at the airport. 
He was forced to leave an the 
French plane that had brought him 
borne. Otherwise, police told the 
pilot, the plane could not take off. 

Tbe case is another example of 
the profound ironies of what is go- 
ing on in Poland, and also of the 
special human urge to prefer hard- 
ship for a cause over comfort 
Mr. Blumsztajn (the Polish spell- 
ing of Blumstein) happened to be in 
France when martial law was de- 
clared in Poland in December 198 1 . 
His passport was valid until 1986. 
So be remained, working on behalf 
of Solidarity and wailing to see 
what would happen. 

But finally be could no k 
stand not bong there to share 
compatriots’ fate. He prepared his 
derision carefully, writing a book 
called “I Return to My Country" 
which has just been published in 
Paris. A prestigious group of film 
stars, writers and labor leaders saw 
him off from Oriy Airport ibdr 
celebrity offering a certain protec- 
tion for his unknown recepuon. 

He was well aware of the risk he 
was taking, and left his wife and 7- 
year-old daughter behind. “Poland 
is not the properly of Jaruzelski” 
he said. “That’s what I want to 
demonstrate.” And he added, “To 
live in freedom, one must be pre- 

By Flora Lewis 

and perhaps a trial would cause, 
after so much effort to improve its 
image in the West Neither did it 
want to have another activist intel- 
lectual on the loose. 

Until now. no Pole has ever been 
banished from his country. The 
Russians started using that tech- 
nique with Alexander Solzhenitsyn, 
and it has been followed bv East 
Germany and others. Before last 
July's amnesty, the Polish regime 
tried to persuade prominent prison- 
ers to accept exile in return for 
release, but they all refused. There 
were rumors last fall of a new law 
providing for banishment. buL the 
idea provoked such a reaction from 
the church that it was dropped. 

It is not yet clear whether Mr. 
Blumsztajn ‘is the first subject of 
a new derision. His case is pan of 
the nation's impasse. 

He was a Comm unis t Youth 
leader who. with other leftist intel- 
lectuals, joined student protests 
against the Communist regime in 
1968. He makes a point that he is 
Jewish. Tbe student movement was 
followed bv a wave of official anti- 

Semitism as a pretext for getting rid 

pared to go tojafl." 

lish regime also knows 

how to play cat andmouse. The one 
thing be never expected was to be 
sent away, on the limp excuse that 
his Polish passport was not in or- 
der. Obviously. Warsaw did not 
want to risk the fuss that his arrest 

of critics. He was arrest 
been jailed three times — and put 
on a blacklist barring him from 
further university studies. 

He went to the Catholic Univer- 
sity at Lublin, where he met Karol 
Wojtyla. now Pope John Paul II, 
and other clerics. The dissident left- 
ists, who had traditionally been rig- 
orously ami -clerical, found they 
bad common cause with priests as 
Well as with devout workers. 

Later be worked as a printer in 

the underground press. When Soli- 
darity was legal he was allowed to 
go abroad to meet West European 
union leaders. After martial law, 
the Polish government spokesman ’. 
denounced him as a traitor. A Po- 
lish paper printed a scabrous article 
saying he associated with spies and 
used funds contributed to Solidari- 
ty to enrich himself. 

Why then did be try to go back, 
on the 40th anniversary of tne Yalta 
accord, when so many others would 
like to leave for Paris? 

He explains that be accepts the 
thesis that nobody can know tbe 
possibilities of evolution and re- 
form of the Communist system, its 
ultimate limits, without testing and 
challenging it. He explains Inal be 
wanted to show how mane were the 
charges of treason and spying, and 
therefore the charges against the 
imprisoned Bogdan Lis on grounds 
of communicating with him. 

He explains that he knows how 
bitter his friends in tbe under- 
ground might be against those 
“who have the luck not to have to 
sacrifice tbdr personal life.” He ex- 
plains that he might even be fooling 
himself and simply be moved by 
nostalgia for his country and the 
exciting days of his youth. 

He concludes, “But when I 
doubt, when I'm seized by fear, I 
tell myself that Fm an honest man 
and there wifi always be a place for 
me in Poland, if only in prison." 

It is a haunting. Kafkaesque, 
very Polish attitude, and it is deeply 
human. It sees the hard, daring fire 
in a sincere cause as more real 
more authentic than the daily hum- 
drum- And that is the dilemma of 
oppressive regimes. 

The New York Times. 

an eithcr-or. It doesn’t say it has 
spending or it has to be taxes." 

The answer to tbe charge of “hyste- 
ria" is simple: Sensible people who 
make few. mis takes in arithmetic say 
that if it keeps on 3be is gping, 
tbe government will soon have to 
abandon much of its normal opera- 
tions just to be able to pay interest on 
the old debt, orraise taxes to pay all 
its bills — and raise them a Iol That 
would create a drastic "crowding 
out" of 'the private economy, and a 
recession of spectacular proportions. 

The only reason this has not yet 
happened, says economist Stephen 
Mams, is that the United States has 
been importing vast amounts of capi- 
tal from abroad at a pace three times 
greater than at any time since the 
Civil War. This cannot go on forever. 

is there no other choice? Yes, the 
Fed can crank up the primin g press- 
es, leading to hyperinflation. Re- 
member the history of post- World 
War I Germany? Do Americans want 
to push wheelbarrows loaded with 
dollars to the grocery store for a bot- 
tle of milk and a loaf erf bread? Thev 
may have to. unless Democrats and 
Republicans alike decide that the 
federal budget deficit is serious. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 

each other, 
the Palestine Liberation Organize- 
tion, signaling and positioning them- & 
selves. Both sides in both pairs seem 
to understand tbe constraints on the' 
other, and all seem willing to do what] 
they can to make it easy for the other; 
to be flexible. This suggests that key 
leaders of all parties recognize that a* 
settlement is needed, that the Palesr- 
tinians must be actively involved and 
that Jordan must play a principal 
role, with broader Arab support 
Unfortunately, f however, despite 
tbe similarities in; the two peace ini- 
tiatives named after than, President 
Reagan and King Fahd remain seri- 
ously] dividedon the issue of the Pal- 
estinians' political status. They also 
seem to attach quite a different de- 
gree erf importance to the conflict 
For tbe United States, it is one 
among many global problems —-and 
indeed has crane to be seen as muchi't, 
less of an immediate issue, as the off* 
crisis has abated. For Saudi Arabia,' 
the Arab-Israeli conflict is momoE: 
tous indeed; and, as a principal factor 
uj domestic and regional ptioiicopxQ- 
ion ;’ 1 operates as a serious constraint 
on U.S.-Saudi relations. 

The Arab-Israeli conflict shouldi 
have an important place on the agen- 
da for die coming meeting. Failure to.' 
move closer on this could well under-; 
mine any other agreements reached 
Detween the president and the king. ■] 

iJia *Z aer . U exeaaiv e director cf the, 
MyxBeEost Assessments Group, a policy 
researc 't organaaion. He contributed this- 
arnment to The New York Times. 


Responsibilities in Afriea Give Thera the Pictures ; * 

ofsygw "Jtey Won't Let the* 

“ Africa Divided: The Leg- 
"(Feb. 1): ** 

odes of 

Glenn Frankel is too modest when 
he gives European diplomats all the 
credit for the 1885 partition of Afri- 
ca. Two non-European powers had a 
lot to do with it as well. 

tJa?? . P hot °graphs certainly are' 
^fttaxpayera. lfS^ n0 t. 

u uicy arc nut 

L IW UV WILLI II CM WU1. . P dCtCl ■mine defense pol- 

One was theTurkish empire, which Washim,r,w ^ P ur POse? What are 
obtained full recognition of inexis- the for n °< giving 1 

tent authority over more than 10 mil- information ^Ajrari SUlCS 

lion square miles of land that was 
cither under British occupation 
(Egypt), hopelessly divided among 
local chieftains (Libya, as the whole 


t'^ b S“ 9 *?£SSS 

is known today) or independent (the 
Islamic republic in Sudan). 

Tbe other was the United States, 
securing for “American Liberians” 
the right to expand inland as far as 

and for itse 

« purpose of NATO? 

■ ^° rCeS were CODr 

,or aggression, not for defenses 

omtra, PortugaL 

h Defense of UNESCO 

“l^fetfkfres opinion column* 

they could, and for itsdf the right to a 
shore in the government of the so- 
called Congo Free State. (But King 
Leopold was too much of a fox to 
bother with such a trap.) And the 

United States gave the general work 1969 and'am*tfe* 

of the Berlin conferemw the blessing a Portrait o^ 

of what was already die most power- pant 3ZLSL hv H ^ ^ 
.. comintifin t 0Q ty 


„ power, 

ful power outside ~ 

Let us give due credit to all. 


» Brussels. 

corruption^ have ^ rampant! 
journalists had-j n r aUlesse<1 “ °£ 

15 “Peking out nasty clichfis^' 

vwiL LS BERfi Y. J 

v mcennes. France.; 

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S . V ;- » J 

Chinese Prisons Filled 
% a 'Lost Generation’ 

Cultural Revolution Shattered Lives 
°f Accomplices as Well as Its Victims 


Page 5 

*.;l 3MB 

Andropov Legacy: Cornering the Corrupt 

By John F. Bums 

Afar York Tima Service 

SHANGHAI — He was sealed 
at a table in the prison dispensary, 
dressed in a white dustcoaL From 
the anguish in his eves and the 
awkward way he rose to his feet, h 

against parents and licensed may- 
hem against anybody standing for 
the established order. 

“What we have here in many 
respects are the victims of the Ccu- 

awin^^r^ U ““ ““ uw rural Revolution,” said Wu Jtehcn, 

w^S?„^ yherose J2. llisreet ’ it the prison’s^Ity 
was plain he was no ordinary doo- led a^icTtotS«Sishops 

u/it-ai Krnamkt Ti. r- ““d classrooms that duster around 

thes£li5S^ft ZtnoGma to gramtecdl blocks built by the Brit- 

“h between 1903 and 1923. “They 
hdong to a generation that was 

btti torLS SSJSL °^f “W by the Gang of Four that edu- . . 
S n S^ h i he ? 8 ‘J*? r- ^ 5C,cxl - cation was ns^s, so they grew up *s/. 

PharmaJIfr^T! of - tlie ^““8^ without culture, without any sense 
Fnannacologtcal Institute in a case of right and wrong.” “ *** 

that was swallowed op for a time in 

the general tumult of the CuhuiS ay todois to engage 

Revolution. m a process of remolding, to uy 

Now 43. Mr. Zhao has about 18 “““f distioguish ^ 

months of an moht.vnr JLif "*« « "8^ from what is wrong." *£■ 


Now 43, Mr. Than has about 18 
months of an eight-year prison 
term still to serve, and he counts 
himself a lucky, man “I could have 
been executed," he said. Teats 
wiled in his eyes as he spoke of his 
victim’s family and of the travails 
of bis own wife and son as they 
await bis return. 

Mr. Zhao's story is one of many 
in the forbidding edifice at 147 
Changyang Sum in central Shang- 
hai that have their origin in the “fo 
years of calamity,” as the Cultural 
K^volution is officially known. 
When Mao set out in 1966 to turn 
Chinese society upside down, he 
unleashed forces that shattered 
hundreds of thousands of lives, and 

n* Nm Yurt Tines 

Zhao Guomin, a doctor serving an 8-year term in Shanghai 
prison for a political murder during the Cultural Revolu- 
tion, reads a text in the dispensary as a guard looks on. 

: Similar accounts have been of- along with corrupt taxi driven aid 

l fered for many years in Chinese <Km - ***** * **** m “e dispensary as a guard looks on. checkroom attendant 

, prisons, but officials acknowlalge „ Somewhat to the surprise of 

s of what was said m better life. A visitor passing release next year, he expects to be Western diplomats, the auempt to 

Is P**J vras false or at least exag- through workshops where prison- reassigned to medical work in curb corruption, begun with a 

y ® erat ™ . c P*Cture that has cm make clothing, electrical com- Shanghai. flourish two years ago by President 

emerged anoc rhe asccnt of Chinn s ponents and ornaments has the im- Against this, other sentences Yuri V. Andropov, seems to be j t» i 

y curr F nt Xiaoping, is press on of generally healthy men seem relatively severe. Chen Jiug- continuing under his more conser- lUCUUf ItepOItCCl 

7 p oc m which the country s vast net- and women unafraid to talk about cai. conductor of the prison orches* vaiive successor, Konstantin U. _ . 

_ work trfpnsons and labor camps, thrir yearning for life outside. tra, is serving a 15-year term for Chernenko. TOrlSIl IkCYlCW 

By Seth Myctins 

VfH Ycrk Times Sen-ice 

MOSCOW — Writing home 
from a labor camp recently, a 
young man convicted of draft eva- 
sion sent bis parents a recipe, for 
preserved tomatoes, that had been 
given him by the manager of one of 
Moscow's leading restaurants. 

The secret, he wrote, is in the 
vegetable oil 

He did not say what the restau- 
rant manager was doing in a labor 
camp alongside draft dodgers and 
common criminals. But there was 
no question in the minds of the 
parents. The man evidently had 
been caught by the anti-corruption 
campaign that continues to sweep 
through the ranks of Russia's mid- 
die- level officials. 

According to news accounts, 
bank managers, collective farm 
chairmen, doctors, union officials, 

deputy ministers, a circus manager 

tg an 8-vear term in Shanghai even P an >' officials still are 
during* the Cultural Reraiu- b J 5UJ8 scn^ced to labor camps, 
i / v* along with corrupt taxi drivers and 
lensary as a guard looks on. checkroom attendants. 

Somewhat to the surprise of 
release next year, he expects to be Western diplomats, the attempt to 
reassigned to medical work in curb corruption, begun with a 
Shanghai. flourish two years ago by President 

pline. a watchword of the Audio- peaed strikes at the bean of a sys- 
pov period. tem in which bribery and black 

“An end must be put to bribe- roarkeieering flourish beneath the 
taking, profiteering squandering, surface of an inefficient economy, 
and embezzlement of socialist people fed the effect of the drive 

and embezzlement of socialist people fed the effect of the drive 
property, and abuse of power,” Mr. against corruption. 

Chernenko said. Drivers of trucks and taxis, for 

This position, by a man generally example, complain of tighter con- 
associated with the old — and of- trols on ihdr purchases of fueL For 
ten corrupt — way of doing things, instance, the use of numbered cou- 
is seen as a reflection of a new none, instead of cash, makes it 

is seen as a reflection of a new pons, instead of cash 
political realty. more difficult to siphon 

In a nation hungering for strong, the fuel on the black m 
effective leadership. Mr Andro- Russians also say that direct con- 

E£?JZ?'* aZ - C ? ai ^ between customers ' 
as penile aiffered from ns seventy. ^ h ^ hindered 

lu evidently wasimposable for Mr. men, mddnf it harder n 
Chernenko to turn back the dock. raWBoctra for the quk 
Some people believe that Mik- a television set or a car. 
hailS. Gorbachov, now ranked sec- . . . 

ticking in 37JJ00 rubles worth of 
fuel coupons. 

• The director of a Kiev factory 
faces criminal charges for using the 
plant's bonus fund for personal ex- 

• The assistant manager of Food 
Store 40 on Dzerzhinsky Street in 
Moscow gave the authorities 
10,000 rubles she had taken in 

_ ■ „_a_ ■ IU,UW IUUIC 9 MK MrtU u« 

pons, instead of ash. makes it bri bes over the years, after seeing 

other employees of her store arrest- 
ed for taking bribes. 

Sending such public warnings 

^^uTS^rS^pSibulS! ram ^ petty bribery: a stort was e^ted forcotTuptic^ 
^7 shop clerk who sold vodka tinder He had been sentenced to death 

nrnrifuvic wni a acmnfhk hand *ke counter, a doorman who took under Mr. Andropov, and. Soviet 
2FSX. «tae th/wugh^S 5-nible(S4J9) bribe to allow pa- som^ss^d. higb^laced patrons 
“o^STappoinied by iff Audio- ^ into a crowded cafe, and a had lobbied in vain for a commula- 
pov still beodthc regular police and ^ ^ ver a baggage porter non erf the sentence. 

5£ KGB. the KTSrity ^ char * cd doublc^lheir ser- In-Septeraber. Anatoli A. krie- 
“ J* 0 ' J vice. vaiov, a orcus official with good 

Although nothing that has hap- Other news accounts about deal- connections, was sentenced lo 13 
Z_!— S ^ ings in the stHalled second econo- years m prison for conupuon. His 

mydescribcd the following: m February 1982 was seen as 

tact between customers and repair- seems [0 be the main reason Tor the 
men is being hindered by middle- campaign in the press. The most 
men, malting it harder to pay a few dramatic erf these warnings came in 
rubles extra for the quick repair of months when major cases 

a television set or a car. opened by Mr. Andropov were 

j „ A recent article bv a Moscow brought to a conclusion. 

... f * j .Jl lawyer, V. Zimonenko. in the news- In July, Yuri K. Sokolov, the 

dose assocu . dropo . pgpg,. Vechernyaya Moskva, listed director of Moscow’s leading food 

store, was executed for corruption. 
He had been sentenced to death 

sionals appointed by Mr. Andro- a “ u ™' - 

pov still head the regular police and l ^P ver *. b aggag e porter 

the KGB. the Sal sStrity »ho charged tableTSTtlKnr ser- 


Although nothing that has hap- 

vatov, a circus crfficial with good 
connections, was sentenced to 13 
years in prison for corruption. His 
arrest in February 1982 was seen as 

• The manager of a fanners mar- “ °P enin S shot in Mr. Andropov's 
ket was sent to a labor camp for 10 campaign, even before the death of 

iysrtmi. w«. ine pnson sits oil a busy street, "molesting women while mter- Under Mr Andronov the cam- 
fatally prqudiced by arbitrariness shielded by a succession of three viewing them for posts with a pajgn was pan ofT^ve for bw 
ana oruiaiity. swd doors. The guards on the out- Shanghai ensemble. Now he spends and order directed a gains t the Sovi- 

Not all of this has changed. In side are armed with automatic ri- his days teaching the violin, flute et Union’s black-market economy 

rubles a day for 

flower vendors 5 
e rental of a stall 

Mr. Brezhnev. 

In November, the former interi- 

Of Trade Accords (58 cents). 

when the official rate is 66 kopecks or mimsier Nikobi A- Shchelokov, 

and other instruments and rehears- 
ing musicians and singers. 


NEW DELHI — Prime Minister 
Rajiv Gandhi has ordered a review 

j*4ou x.1 uui ill 1 7UU IV turn au in uua mu uiiuig&u. iu on. wuaai mui uuiuuuiut 1 1“ nu uaj3 uit xiiiiii, uuifc g| UniOQ 5 DuCK-nUTkCl CC OPOHIV 

Chinese society upside down, he two years, under a crackdown on ties. There is a 20-foot granite wall and other instruments and rehears- .. . , . . .. . J' NEW DELHI — Prime Minister 

unleashed forces that shattered crime begun by Mr. Deng, thou- lopped by glass shards. According ing musicians and singers. rivinn Rajiv Gandhi has ordered a review 

hundreds of thousands of lives, and sands of people have been execut- to Mr. Wu, the deputy governor. Work is the center of prison life, res vriihhie of all major trade agreements made 

the legacy is still felt in every comer cd, some within days of their offeo- sentences range from 20 years to six Inmates labor eight hours a day, six over the past five years because of 

of the nation’s life. ses.Troubling questions remain months with “seven or eight” in- days a week for three yuan (51.07), J" ose ' statements made by suspects in In- 

A tour of the Shanghai prison is “bout the fairness of trials and lim- mates under suspended death sen- plus monthly bonuses of up to 20 nfiv; i km i l dia’s spy scandal the Patriot news- 

a sobering affakMore than 60 iwd opportunities for defense. tences. yuan. All are required to attend paper Veponed Friday, 

percent of the 3,700 inmates are ■ Nonetheless, a visi no the Shang- The case or Dr. Zhao suggests Masses and to work toward at least ^ nolice raided Hnth- 11 die review would be car- 

under 35, mm and women who hai prison suggests that great eref- that there is still much that is arbi- a junior middle school certificate. ^ theaters, nn tme ried 001 a roiired civil servant 

belong to what Chinese call the fort has been made under Mr. traiy m the sentencing. As he told or two years of high school. Each m, rh? mrWmn, from the Commerce Ministry to see 

“loci of nku. n 1 W ■- it mac i-loloo hlrvlf h.tC A tplpvicinfl Wl A llHrAfV ,CJl UlUIG 90IC 1 1 UUI LDC ClaCKUOWU. „ J-_L„ offlnoH rtrmem lofl,,. 

a tour or me shanghai prison is wxnn me iaimess ot trials ana 
a sobering affair. More than 60 iuri opportunities for defense, 
percent of the 3,700 inmates are - Nonetheless, a visit to the Sfr 

ses.Troubling questions remain months with “seven or eight” in- 
about the fairness of trials and lim- mates under suspended death sen- 


The case of Dr. Zhao suggests 

statements made by suspects in In- 
dia's spy scandal the Patriot news- 
paper reported Friday. 

It said the review would be car- , 

(58 cents). who had been dismissed by Mr. 

_ ... , Andropov one month after Mr. 

• The treasurer of a Moscow b- Brezhnev's death, was stripped of 

bor union local was sentenced Ito ^ of general for having used 
nine years for embezzling 12,000 ^ ^non fat mercenary gain. In 
nUrfes - December. Mr. Shchelokov was 

• A bookkeeper at a fuel depot buried, amid speculation that he 
was sentenced to 12 years for iraf- had committed suicide. 

“lost generation” of youth whose Deng to give subs tance to Mao’s it, he was press-ganged into joining block has a television set, a library ' 1 ^ 

education and family life were up- instruction that prisons be turned M “investigation team” that came “da pingpong table. A half-hour _ « 

rooted when the Cultural Revolu- into factories, farms and schools to the pharmacolp^cal institute to family visit once a month is permit- CT movie, 

tion closed schools, set children where -inmates can prepare for a press charges of spying against the led, and about a fifth of the prison- raueo. 

' parly secretary. B eca use torture ers are allowed to go home for a Some of the el 

was to be involved, the tnim want- couple of days each year. and higher crftidai 

liy a -m -m-w -m aa ed a doctor present, but as things According to Mr. Wu, the depu- reamed their ime 

rf / hi*rfrf*r I /I/IC Kd^hiMTT progressed Dr. Zhao became an ty governor, the last time anybody But the machin 

w UUIrf/Uf bvl LAMCv XiXH/II'l I accomplice in the beating escaped was in 1975. clinging to the dropov set in ma 

•'*' Dr. Zhao said the death was cov- underside of a delivery truck, and grinding ahead. \ 

/Lj , .. . 9 ered up at the time, but the case he was caught in hours. Although were begun under 

Vrf 1/ rr UT9LIUJ 1 CfflOu/lMy was reopened at the widow's insti- the internal guards are unarmed, some people thou 
'*] x MT J gation after the overthrow of the officials say none have been at- lowed to die qu 

'■emmurnunumuemm d 1 y™™d e mW K hing [ o n af K MS™ * S'Si.'SL" SlftSSSS 

Weinberger Calk Rebuff 
On Warship f Temporary 9 

Compiled iy Our Staff From Dupattha 

Zealand’s denial of nort access to 
;r^ UA warships was a^temporaiy 

' "T — •' and unfortunate inddent” The rc T £St iiJ < 5.- a «7 estroyC v-2j 

United States, he said, hoped New t^« Washington certified 

::ir Zealand^Sd soon tSfce it is 

’ 1 against its interest to weaken the The United States refused to 

; : ■=«:- SzUS military affiance. th ^S se J he ? forn?a ? < ?' ^ ■ ■ 


*—*■»“ want to continue to persuade them 

— the basis of the affiance is as strong Mr. Hawke said that the Austra- 

and necessary as it was from the ban gowrament would hold^sepa- 

Ss "ST fSb iHST b 5 five assaflants were tried, and Dr. 

Hawke of Australia. The president S.2S 

declared that the alliance remained two years at hard labor and 

“very sound and very solid.” **» ®ore «n ^t^ prison, he was 

Awedc m wSuaon denial “signed to the dispensary. On his 

ers are allowed to go home for a Some of the elan is now gone, 
couple of days each year. and higher officials appear to have 

According to Mr. Wu, the depu- regained their immunity, 
ty governor, the last time anybody But the machinery that Mr. An- 
escaped was in 1975. clinging to the dropov set in motion seems to be 
underride of a delivery truck, and grinding ahead. Visible cases that 
be was caught in hours. Although were begun under his rule, and that 
the internal guards are unarmed, some people thought would be al- 
officials say none have been at- lowed to die quietly, have bon 
tacked in memory. “Whal we aim brought to fruition. News coverage, 
for is to achieve the kind of rela- which declined for a time after Mr. 
tionship doctors have with pa- Andronov’s death in early 1984, 
tients,” said Mr. Wu. “You can see was revived in the fall 
for yourself, there is no hostility In a speech in October, Mr. 
between wardens and prisoners.” Chernenko called for labor disd- 

“i» ti/ac w -,~k- “whether senior officers were influ- 

^ ™ 0Wn enced to scuttle some deals to help 
ngter movie, a Russian re- finaliz£oto .’- 

„ . , “All deals about import, export 

Some of the elan is now gone, those through the Stale 
d higher officials appear to have Trading Cop. would be scroti- 1 
■ained their immunity. nized,” the newspaper said. The 

But the machinery that Mr. An- corporation handles India's im- 
opov set in motion seems to be ports of such commodities as edible 
in ding ahead. Visible cases that oil and sugar and such exports as 
tc begun under his rule, and that tea. In its latest report for the year 
me people thought would be al- ending last March, the corporation 
ved to die quietly, have been said it imported goods valued at 
ought to fruition. News coverage, $12 billion while exports were put 
txcb declined for a time after Mr. at $360 million, 
idropov's death in early 1984, There was no comment on the 
is revived in the fall report from the government, which 

In a speech in October, Mr. is continuing a news blackout on 
lemenko called for labor disci- the affair. 

®sss sft TSS<'-<7 



c&rsSsss 5 - - 
•ri— - 




day it was formed.” 

rate military exercises with the 

Mr WimhmwT made his com- United Slates and New Zealand 

-«““ OT,Wa8 ^ tac ' 

European trip aimed at raising sup- wmally. 

port for Preadcnt Ronald Ragan’s Despite the apparent efforts to I 
space-based anti-missile project. dampen the dispute, Robert Mul- 
In New Zealand on Friday, doon, Mr. Lange’s prcdecessor as 
'Prime Minister David Lange wel- prime nnmaer, sharply attacked 
corned a statement by Mr. Reagan New Zealand’s stance. 

that New Zealand was still a friend, “The whole of history tells us 

and said it showed that the 1951 that the country that was not pre- 


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in New Zealand. (UP I, AP, NYT) 

Israel Reportedly to Let 
U.S. Install Transmitter 



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technical teams from the United men} contemM *«rc wasnoTO; 
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w work out the details of installing the saperpower “propaganda w^ ; 
the transmitter. The Voiceo! Most senior Isradi officials said 
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International Hera ld Tribune or 
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A Whiff of Timelessness at Show of Impressionists 

By Michael Gibson 

International Herald Tribune 

P I ARIS — As the 19th century 
recedes into history, we can look 
on it and recognize a reflection of 
our own features, but also the traits 
that make it part of “history” — 
that area of time in which behavior 
and values grow subtly and increas- 
ingly distant from our own. 

Some things appear to preserve 
their timeless self-evidence — the 
paintings of the Impressionists, for 
instance, as attested by the exhibi- 
tion “Impressionism and the 
French Landscape," which was 
earlier on view at the Los Angeles 
County Museum during the Olym- 
pic Gaines, then at the Art Institute 
of Chicago. Such timdessness is, of 
course, an illusion of perspective, 
and the organizers of the show have 
reacted against this view by at- 
tempting to present the 137 paint- 
ings from Frederic Bazille to Vin- 
cent van Gogh — plus a collection 
of period landscape photos — as an 
expression of the preoccupations of 
their own time. 

As a result, the paintings are not 
hong chronologically nor are the 
works of any painter presented to- 
gether. Instead there has beat an 
attempt to present the topical sub- 
ject matter of Impressionist paint- 
ing under several headings: rivets, 
roads and railways, private and 
public gardens, the French coun- 
tryside, the sea. 

Consequently you can savor 
some admira ble Monets (including 
a delightful snowscape), compare 
three versions of GSzaxme’s view of 
the sea from L’Estaque on loan 
from three different museums, ob- 
serve how Pissarro readers the 
same scene in s umm er and in win- 
ter or note how surprisingly feeble 
many of Renoir’s paintings can 
now appear to be. 

vasbnt, as always with a good Mo- 
net. it also conjures up memories 
and sensations that are quite out- 
side the area of painting: the char- 
acteristic smell of a shady river- 
bank, the lap of water, thecuill thud 
of rowboats nudging one another 
at their moorings, the distant chat- 
ter of conversation. 

This is no doubt one reason why 
this ait is so popular. It hinges 
together an undeniable artistic 
quality and a kind of transcendent 
nostalgia — the retrospective dis- 
covery of rae of those instants of 
delight that we always manage to 
savor better in memory that at the 
moment we are experiencing it 

Thompson. Scharf calls his style 
POT Surrealism. 

Surety no artist can claim that 
his goal is to “create culture." He 
may , in time and in retrospect real- 
ize that this is indeed what he has 
done, but as everyone knows who 
has flipped through a book on Zen 
bowmanship, you do not hit the 

target until you stop thinking about 


Also, to the extent that these 
artists are described as heralds of 
bl ac k or Hispanic culture, and to 
the extent that culture, in the broad 
sense, is something that affects the 
daily lives of the people to whom it 
belongs, one may wonder what cul- 
tural function is served by the pres- 

27, has painterly qualities that 
emerge somewhere in the mid- 
ground between Ronald Crumb, 
pattern painting and the cloth mo- 
bs produced by the Indian women 
of Panama. Basquiat, 25, born in 
Brooklyn of a Puerto Rican mother 
and a Haitian father, also has some 
innate artistic qualities. The ran- 
domness that characterizes his 
paintings is perfectly adapted to 
(and could even be beautiful on) a 
blank walL But expectations shift 
as soon as the setting and the medi- 
um change. In a gallety or museum 
the context creates expectations. 

These artists are young and may 
5 till surprise us, despite the hy 
surrounding them, of which 

Both media cany inscriptions that 
are either “truisms" (according to 
the artist) or mildly poetic or criti- 
cal observations: “What urge will 
save us now that sex won't?” says 
one of the plaques (the phrase also 
appeared on an electronic bill- 
board). Curiously, even the more 
trite phrases seem somewhat poetic 
at first glance, merely because of 
the connotations of bronze and the 
context in which they are set — in 
one case next to the directory 
plaques in the hall of an office 
building, beside an plaque that 
reads “Renaissance Aesthetic 
Medicine, 4th Floor." 

The choice of artists for this sec- 
ond show (by the critic Claude 

,, _____ . .. ...I i nmicncre uuiuiuin'UUUUKivcuuy ukui»~ wmu, ui wiuwi uu.j auun uu uiuu t,uuuc 

L imgressiowsme a te passage ^ ^ ^ homes 0 f are the beneficiaries and the con- Gintz) is certainly not as fashion- 

franqtm. Grand Patois, rans, to _, lU . f , — k„k t« 1~ ,i — ,. 

April 22. 

wealthy patrons who are probably temed victims. able as the “Free Figuration" show. 

neither black nor Hispanic. 

Some work does stand out. The 
Fiend) are uniformly as rowdy as 
beer hall brawlers, as fleeiingly 
amusing, and as lastingly dull 
Among them, Boisrond at least of- 
fers a degree of structural coher- 

The American contingent also 
has its roisterers (Scharf. for in- 
stance; his overscaled doodles 
would look cheerful enough on a 
telephone pad), but Keith Haring, 

Anyone caring to see the latest 
fashions in art can go to the top 
floor of the Mus6e d’Art Moderne 
de la VQle de Paris, where an inter- 
national selection of the latest in 
Pop Culture is being presented un- 
der the title “Figuration Libre." 

The show is a trans-Atlantic ven- 
ture in which noisy and expensive 
young graffitists from the United 
States — the Yankee doodlers, as a 
visitor called them (Kdth Haring, 

Kenny Scharf, Crash and Jean-Mi- 
chd Basquiat) — are shown beside 
their equally noisy but less expen- 
sive French confreres (R£mi Blan- 
chard, Francois Boisrond, Robert 
Combas, Herve and Richard [Bud- 
dy) Di Rosa and Louis J amines). 

What the show offers is basically 

a self-indulgent display of post-ad- rare insight into what' ara^wnir. 
olescent high spirits. None of the painting really is about The sub- 
artists is over 30, and most take ject was Fernand Cormon, whose 

Fight New Yorkers of a different 
persuasion are presented in a paral- 
lel show, “Elsewhere and Other- 
wise,” One of these, Jenny Holzer. 
has come up with a form that is 
interesting because it also iHiis- 

1 1 is also more austere, minimal 
linguistic and visually banal It in- 
cludes some striking posters by 
Barbara Kruger and some photo- 
graphic cliches by Richard P rince 
However, much of the work de- 

rates the importance of context pends on in-group commentary 
Her medium is either the electronic and context that is not apparent to 
digital billboard (of the sort used visitors in Paris. 

on Times Square, which Holzer has 
used) or bronze plaques with in- 
scriptions on them, which can, on 
occasion, be put in public places. 

“Figuration Libre" and “Else- 
where and Otherwise ,” Musex d'Art 
Moderne de la Ville de Paris, 
through Feb. 17. 

One of Cezanne's three versions of the Gulf of Marseille on view in Paris. 

Sale Gives a Backstage View of a 1 9 th-Century French Academic Painter $ 

International Herald Tribune 

P I ARIS — A modest sale con- 
ducted on Wednesday by An- 
toine Godeau at Drouot provided a 

obvious if occasionally laborious 
pleasure in their derisive horseplay. 

name may not mean a great deal 
today, but whose career was a long 
success from start to finish. 
Although he was bom in Paris in 

Alternatively, you can follow the come strip were “socially signifi- 

ore scholarly line implicit in the cant, he never really recovered ^ under Jean ^ ran ^ ols Portaels, 

from the blow. The same fate now ■ ■■■■' 

When A] Capp discovered that 
bis characters in the “LiT Abner” 

more scholarly line implicit 
organization of the show and am- 
plified in the catalog. This attempts 
to show how the Impressionists’ 
pointings reflect the interests and 
concerns of the expanding industri- 
al world and are not just a pursuit 
of “pore painting.” 

The seductive quality of much of 
this painting is typified in a work 
like Monet's “Les Bains de la Gren- 
oufllere," in which the dapple of 
light and color, rendered by swiftly, 
applied dabs of paint, instantly call 
to mind an atmosphere and a state 
of mind. The priming is satisfying 
as an organization of color on can- 

threatens young Americans who, 
tike Haring, Basquiat or Crash, be- 
gan as spray-can artists working on 
the streets or the subway. They 
have since “gone public," as one of 
their eulogists rather gruesomdy 
puts it, and have been co-opted by 
some powerful New York galleries. 

“The goal is not to create art in 
the narrow sense, but to create cul- 
ture,” an essay in the catalog de- 
clares. This culture, we are led to 
understand, is the strange fruit 
bred out of Andy Warhol Walt 
Disney, rock music and J. Walter 

Untitled “free figuration” painting by Francois Boisrond. 


to whom be probably owes the at- 
traction that he felt throughout his 
life for Orientalist subjects. Back in 
Paris, Cormon continued his train-, 
mg under the stilted Alexandre Ca- 
banel, and also Eugene Fromcntin, 
better known for Ins romantic nov- 
el “Dominique" than his paintings 
which often deal with North Africa 
in a sort of Delacroix style. 

Cormon was only 19 when he 
completed his first ambitious 
painting, which he sent to the 1863 
Salon. Called “La Mort de Ma- 
homet" (The Death of Moham- 
med), it is a huge affair depicting 
the prophet inside a mosque of vast 
proportions seething with a pseu- 
do-Orientalist crowd. The attempt 
at -creating a dramatic effect 
through die gesticulation of figures 
and. the chiaroscuro is not very suc- 
cessful, and was knocked down at 
170,000 francs (then about 
$21,000) when it came up for sale at 
Drouot last March. But in 1863 it 
was enthusiastically received. 

In the late 1860s, Cormon turned 
to the Dark Ages for inspiration. 
“The Wedding of the Niebelun- 
gen” won him a medal at the 1870 
Salon. Cormon worked Ins way 
backward through the history of 
mankind. In the 1877 Salon, he 
exhibited “Jesus Resnsdtant la fQle 
de Jalre” (Jesus Rescusd taring the 

Daughter of Jaira). By 1 880, he was 
working hard on the theme of 
“CauL^The painting, shown at the 
Salon in 1883. was thought so ad- 
mirable that the French govern- 
ment felt impelled to acquire it for 
the nation. Cormon was awarded 
the Croix de la L&gion d'Honnear. 

Prehistory was the next step for 
Cormon. “Retour d’une chasse i 
l’ours A rage de piene” (Back From 
Bear Hunting in the Stone Age) 
was also acquired by the French 

Cormon could not go further 
back in time short of (rang dino- 
saurs, so he turned eastward, trying 
Hindu mythology. “L'Enlfevemeni 
de Siva” (1910) shows a char iot 
drawn by two horses soaring into 
the sky m a golden cloud, while 
vaguely prehistoric men and wom- 
en in animal hides prostrate them- 
selves in the foreground. This too 
appeared at Drouot in March, 
when it was knocked down for a 
pitiful 30,000 francs. 

Had he been content with paint- 
ing kitsch, Cormon’s case would be 
straightforward enough. And we 
would be left to wonder bow the 
artist could have been the teacher 
of Henri Toulouse-Lautrec: at the 
Ecole des Bcaux-Arts. where Gar- 
mon beaded (me of the ateliers , or 
studios, from 1898 until his death 
in J924. 

The two sales held at Drouot in 
1984, and another this week, have 
shown a side to Cormon 's art that 
one would barely suspect from bis 
work displayed in the Mus6e du 
Luxembourg in Paris. When he was 
not doing his academic stunt, Cor- 
mon could paint in such a different 
mann er that his authorship can 

only be established by the studio 
marie “F.G" stamped with a seal in 
dark block letters in the lower cor- 
ner of his paintings, or by the 
Drouot oval stamp devised for the 
Cormon sales, used on the bade of 
his oils on board. 

Cormon may not have been a 
great master, but he had a great 
eye. He obviously admired ManeL 
While in T unis in 1875, be did a 
p ainting , “Barques," as bold in 
composition as it is broad in its 
brush work. That sold for 12,000 
francs last March, and on Wednes- 
day the preparatory sketch dashed 
off in a few strokes of color was 
sold for only 750 francs (about 

Occasionally, he painted with 
the colors or Impressionism. A 
view of a street lined with gabled 
houses in some old Mediterranean 
city — Tunis, according to the cata- 
log — is a study in Drowns and 
raauves and light blues. This is so 
broadly sketched that it is hard to 
tell whether the white-robed silhou- 
ette in the foreground is a man or a 
woman. Were those attending dis- 
concerted by this style? Such a re- 
action is certainly suggested by the 
price, a mere 300 francs. 

Cormon was also influenced by 
F&lix Ziem, as could be seen in 
March, when his “Port de la Gou- 
lette. k Tunis" (The Goulette har- 
bor in Tunis) — appeared at 
Drouot- Occasionally he worked in 
a style that comes very dose to the 
Barbizon school. On Wednesday, a 
charming study in oils of cheny 
trees in a predominantly green pal- 
ette went for a song — " 650 francs. 
A pretty tittle landscape looking 
very much like one of the pre-im- 
pressionist paintings done around 
1865-70 was cheaper still, at 300 

Sometimes there is a trace of 
Gustave Courbet's influence about 
his work, as in a large-size moun- 
tainous landscape, strongly delin- 
eated, that was cheap at 2,000 

Dearly, what buyers still expect 
from Cormon is the offidal style 
that earned him his fame in his 

lifetime, not his private experi- 
ments in modernity. A dealer 
bought the portrait of a woman 
standing in a pale blue silk dress 
with a profusion of while lace and 
pink knotted ribbons done in great 
detail for 4.000 francs. 

The choice is commercially judi- 
cious. Properly framed and' cata- 
loged it could sdl in the area of 
$4,000 in some U. S. sale of “Im- 
portant I9th-Centuiy European 
Paintings” handled by Christie's or 
Sotheby’s. But to those interested 
in understanding the work of Cor- 
mon and his like, it is not as en- 

lightening as the small sketches 
done in the Barbizon tradition or in 
a para-impressionist manner. 

Even more revealing, perhaps, 
were the 70 drawings or so that sold 
mostly for less than 1,000 francs 
each. These were essentially figure 
studies, from muscular blacksmiths 
pounding away at their anvils — 
obviously done for “La Forge" at 
the Mus£e du Luxembourg — to a 
multitude of women in the nude or 
in full dress. 

Cormon was anxious to study 
movement and unusual postures. 
Alas, he uniformly failed. As long 

as he stuck to portraits jaa; 
heads, done in great detail 
was safe. What he coukl not dqwsup 
draw freely, swiftly, and joi dbvatf " 
fleeting impression. His only yptfr. 
to effectiveness was to painstakng^ 
]y multiply details, which heposM; 
do in any style. • : 

Cormon could perform as ariSn^ 
srientious craftsman, not as apart/ 
1st reacting to emotions. Working 
in the imaginary manner of A 
gone period or of another artisTwas 
his sole talent- That is the essence 
of what we call with an excess of 
courtesy, academic an. 




—6, Rue Jean-Mermoz, 75008 PARIS. Tel.: 359.82^44 _ 


, » .. ™ e VieiHe-da-Temple (3*) 

lira) ajn. - fcOO p.m. (except Tuesday), until February 25 

archives nahonaus - 277 . 1 

7 fevrier - 23 mars 1985 

Louise Bourgeois 


Galerie Maeght Lelong 

13, roc dc T£Wran, 75008 Paris 

7 ftvrie r - 23 man 1985 

Gunter Brus 

Galerie Maeght Lelong 

14, roe de T£b£ran, 75008 Paris 


53 rue de Seine 75006 Paris 



le corps projete 


Galleries International 

new yorfc - Chicago - palm beach 
beverly hfflj - pans 






Impressionists and 
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2 Ave. Matignon - Paris 8th 

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Recoil Work 
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Hhatrofod catalog avaSobio. 
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Important Spring Sales 

to be held in Geneva, May 1985 

Highly Important 
Art Nouveau, An Deco 
Watches and 
Objects ofV ertu 

Russian Works of Art 
Fine Wines 

Closing date for rhose 
wishing to indude 
their property in these 
sales is the end of 
February, 1985 

Superb Art Deco bridetre 
diamond and pearl 
pendant, signed by Cartier. 

(Slightly reduced) 

For information and 
valuations, please contact: 

Christie's France SARL 

17 rue dc LDle. 75007 Paris Td: 01/261 1247 
Christie’s (International) S-A. 

8 Place dc I* Taamoeric, 12Q4 Geneva Td: 022/28 25 44 

CARAVAGGIO SHOW — “The Mradans,” by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, - 
is displayed at “The Age of Caravaggpo,” which runs at the Metropolitan Museum in 
New York from Saturday through April 14. It includes the hugest number of the artist's 
works ever assembled in the United States, plus 60 paintings by contemporaries. 

'Witness’ Mixes Harrison Ford and Amish 

C APSULE comments on films 
recently released in the United 

“Witness,” directed by Peter 
Weir, written by Earl Wallace and 
William Kelley, is the story of John 
Book (Harrison Ford), a tough. 

Old London Arch 
To Be Re-erected 
At Wren Church 

The Associated Press 

L ONDON — Temple Bar, the 
* 17th-century stone archway 
that once served as an entrance to 
the City of London financial dis- 
trict, is to be re-erected in the 
churchyard of 5 l Paul’s Cathedral. 

The archway, reputed to have 
been designed % Sir Christopher 
Wren, has spent the last century at 
the entrance to Theobald’s Park in 
Hertfordshire, where it has been 
crumbling and vandalized. 

Lad Avon, undersecretary for 
the environment, said Thursday die 

.emple — — — 

paired and re-erected in the shad- 
ow of St PapTs, Wren’s master- 

The stone arch, erected in 1670, 
formed the main eastern entrance 
to the Gty of London at the inter- 
section of Fleet Street and the 
Strand. It was pulled down in 1878 
as part of a road- widening project. 

The pieces were bought by Sir 
Henry Meaux and the arch was re- 
erected at his estate at Theobald's 

gun-toting Philadelphia narcotics 
detective who, to escape being 
killed by fellow detectives with 
connections to the drug trade, must 


hide out with Amish farmers in 
Pennsylvania Dutch country. The 
plain. God-fearing ways of the pac- 
ifist Amish, as well as a young 
Amish widow named Rachel (Kelly 
McGillis), change Book's life. “The 
best things about the film are the 
actors who play it. Ford is very 
attractive as John Book, a son of 
toned-down, urban Han Solo, and 
McGillis, who was so special in 
‘Reuben, Reuben,’ is enchanting as 
the Amish widow." says Vincent 
Can by of The New York Times. 


Timothy Hutton and Sean Penn 

play the real-life spies Christopher 
Boyce and Andrew Daulton Leeut 
"The Falcon and the SnoffHi&r 
directed by John Schlesmger.-fa 
January 1977, Boyce and Lee, who 
had gone to school together map- 
per- mid dlc-cl ass southern Califor- 
nia, were arrested on charges, of 
having sold top-secret U.S. g 0*. 
emment documents to the Sovieb*" 
Union through the Soviet Embassy 
in Mexico City over a period of two 
years. Both men, then in their 20s, 
were convicted and sent to prison, 
Lee with a life term and Boyce for 
40 years. " ‘The Falcon and the 
Snowman’ is a very curious though 
effective entertainment, a scathing 
social satire in the form of an outra- 
geously clumsy spy stoiy told with 
a completely straight face." says 
Vincent Canby of The New York 



Mgs (mL.ffTFSiSr 

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Celleetor’fi Guide 

I — For Collectors end Investors — i 
from 196/eoriy 20th Centuries 
Pm GuUt to Qmitf UK Auction PrieM 
infer £250 

Mem £193 (UK) + owm padog* 
APIteMwdv 12 UcMfeU Court 
RfcJrao4Sonoy1W9, 1A4 Engknd 
ToL Ol 9405549 








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S tuart and Susan Feld, who 
have been collecting paint- 
ings, drawings and Empire 
furniture for nearly 20 years, 
share a set of aesthetic standards 
that are as rigid as they are pri- 
vate. Past a certain point, not even 
the most enthusiastic outsider will 
be able to appreciate the fine dis- 

as president, director and owner. 

Other factors — Feld's timing and 
tenacity — have certainly helped. 
But timing can be called luck; 
tenacity can be called bluster. 
Taste, on the other hand, cannot 
be dismissed, and it is Stuart 
Feld's taste that has earned him 
his reputation. According to Ira 

Siuart and Susan Feld's home is a treasure trove of American art 

tinctions. But those distinctions 
have become the language of a 
15-year marriage and the heart of 
the financial success that makes 
Aheir collecting possible. Stuart 
' r*eld carries his standards to work 
each day the way most people 
carry the morning paper. His 
loyalty to his own sense of style 
may be the single best explana- 
on for the economic stability 
and artistic reputation of Hirschl 

Spanierman, a specialist in 19th- 
and 20th-century American paint- 
ing, it was Feld who "recognized 
before anyone else the signifi- 
cance of a lot of American paint- 
ings — artistically, historically and 
culturally." White House Curator 
Clement Conger says flatly that 
Feld is responsible for Hirschl & 
Adler: “He really built it up to be 
one of the great sources of 
American art among the big gal- 
leries." And John Howat, director 

art at the Metropolitan Museum, 
calls Feld "one of the most 
knowledgeable people in the field, 
the person who, more than any 
other, has helped to make the 
market expensive for American 
works of art.” 

Stuart Feld would have no trou- 
ble with such assessments. A 
short, attractive man with an air 
of simmering condescension, he 
likes to tell stories that confirm 
his gift of foresight. Nineteen 
years ago, for example, he tried 
unsuccessfully to have the Met- 
ropolitan's acquisitions committee 
purchase a Seth Eastman paint- 
ing for $26,000. They said no. Last 
month, Feld says with obvious 
pride, Hirschl & Adler sold the 
painting for $650,000. Felds ten- 
dency toward self-congratulation 
may be one of the reasons why it. 
is hard to find anyone who will 
comment on him personally. But 
that doesn’t bother Feld a bit '7 
think,” he says carefully, "that 
when one is a successful person, 
there are many people around 
who are somewhat envious of 
that success. There is such a thing 
as professional jealousy. I really 
have only one person to live with, 
and that's myself. I do the best I 
can. If everyone doesn't love me, 

I can't say I love everyone either. 

I know some people say I was 
just in the right place at the right 
time. But to a certain extent, 1 
created the right time.” 


om and raised in New Jer- 
sey, his father a lawyer, his 

Princeton when he realized that 
art history would be, as he puts it, 
"my passion.” As a graduate stu- 
dent in fine arts at Harvard's Fogg 
Museum, he spent four years 
studying the preclassical. Renais- 
sance, Baroque, 18th-, 1 9th- and 
early-20th-century periods. But 
Feld was frustrated by the Fogg's 
traditional approach, with its 
prejudice toward Europe. “The 
perception of the faculty at the 
Fogg," he recalls, "was that Amer- 
ican art was not something that 
somebody who was as gifted as 
they told me they thought I was 
should be doing." Feld set about 
educating himself. He spent sum- 
mer hours in the university's li- 
braries, poring over every Amer- 
ican art book he could find. He 
dedicated his weekends to tour- 
ing the New England countryside, 
becoming familiar with not only 
the regions architecture but with 
its great collections. 

Feld left Harvard before com- 
pleting his doctoral dissertation 
and took a job at the Metropolitan 
as one of its first student fellows. 
Immersing himself in his work 
there, he quickly earned a grant 
from the Ford Foundation to 
catalog the museum's vast but 
disorganized American paintings 
collection. He made a lot of ac- 
quisitions ("though not as many 
as I should have been allowed 
to”) and assembled the ground- 
breaking exhibit “Three Centuries 
of American Painting" in 1965. At 
the Met he also continued the 
business of educating himself. 

R omance in New York is a 
tricky business. Its even 
trickier for a European who 
has come to make a career there. 
Where does one find time to 
master all the social forms of a 
new city? And how, if one does 
happen to meet an intriguing 
stranger, is one to avoid falling 
into the routine of restaurant 
dates and "What do you do?" This 
asks three bright, successful — and 
single — European women living 
on Manhattan's Upper East Side 
to tell us how they manage fast- 
paced careers and urban romance 
on foreign soil. 


D ominique Staliaerts loves 
contradiction and con- 
trast: she adores New Ybrk 
City but only when she can get 

away for the weekends. She ad- 
'mits with amusement that she 
dates a prince who is also a boxer. 
As an art dealer she's a paradox, 
too: though she deals in 19th-cen- 
tury European Salon paintings, 
she personally prefers "expres- 
sive, more aggressive contempo- 
rary painting'' and wrote a thesis 
on abstract expressionism. 

Staliaerts, 23, was born in Brus- 
sels. She studied art history in 
London, worked at Christie's and 
came to New York two years ago. 
With a Paris-based partner she 
now travels around Europe about 
four times a year, "running 
through the painting flea mar- 
kets.” "We get the lowest price,” 
she explains, “because the paint- 
ing is bought out of hundreds at 
6 a.m. when the trucks are being 
unloaded.” Restored and re- 
framed, the paintings most often 
Please turn page 

of American art where Feld serves of the department of American 

Feld was a premed student at 

Please turn page | Dominique Staliaerts sells paintings and dales a prince who boxes. 

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antiquarium. ltd. 

.T-‘ - V vwuni 

C urrier & Ives 

& Company 
American Paintings 
Historical Prints 

Pine Prints 



41 East 57th St, 7 tb Floor 
New tork. Hew tork 10022 

7tasttoy-Saturttay9:30 to 5:30 
Dealer* in Pine Art Since 1874 

v i 

- If 

S //■////// /fr 

Large head of 
Guanyin Bodhisattva 
Height 22" 

co. Song Dynasty ( 960-1279 AD) 



1020 Madison Avenue 
New York, N.Y. 10021 
Tel: (212) 879-5733 

membert of: 

The An and Antique 
Dealers League 
of America 

Appraisers Allocation 
of America. Inc 

Lawrence Poons 

New Paintings * February 28 to March 23 

Kenneth Noland 

Fainted Monotypes * March 6 to 30 

Andre Emmerich Gallery 

41 East 57 • New York 

Specializing in 19th & 20th Century 
American Paintings 

! •;«•!!< >u> 

{ lassam 

S. 1 I Ljf! 1 

1 iiri siadl 

Krnsr! f 


( ass. if i 




< ) Kt*f! Tr 

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1 la ntrf I 

1 ’rcildt.Tiiasi 

Coe Kerr Gallery 



INC. Founded 1972 

Oriental Works o£Art 

Items appraised and purchased, 

906 Madison Avenue 
New York, NY 10021 
Tel [212) 734-6350 

Imperial Spinach Green lade Vase. 

Six ■•h.rtwwr mark and period of 
Chia Cb'iag 11796- 1820J. Height: 13W 

Member of the Art and Antique Dealers League of America, Inc. 


David david, inc. 

fine paintings M works of art 




Size: 40* x 32" OQ on canvas 

260 South 180i SL, 

nUdpUa, Pa. lHflB 
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Antiques* Objects of Art 

Fine Tilt Top Table: 

18th century. Chinese lac- 
quer tray: black, gold and 
white; mahogany base. 

H30" Top 29%"x 29%“ 

• NEW YORK, N.Y. 10022 *(212)753-2570 


^An ^irreu/ of 'Splmdoi 

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Jiu-\. flnoU"h Snt U> to 5 Mon !>\ app(. •m!\ 

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Two entire buildings 
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Member of Art 
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Scottish Pine Mantel. 

1156 Second Avenue, New Ybrfc, N.Y. 10021 
(212) 421-1928 (212) 759*210 




B v 7 . a n U n m 

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i 90 Thompson Stftd. Soho 



Charles Cowles 

4 ic Wes c B ro a d \v ay New York f o o 1 1 

(Zll; 9YS SCO 




Leo Castelli 

New York 

An exceptional collection of 
Paintings, Graphics, Sculp- 
ture. Gouaches by Gallery 

Moser, Wegner. The Erte 
Sculpture Collections, "The 
Encore Collection* of 
Bronze and Ivory Sculpture 
ami other noting artists 
from the world over. 
February 1-28, 1TO5 
Exhibition of Original frint- 
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Open: Weekdays 10 - 6 , Sat 
& Sun. 11-7 


122 Spring Street 
New Yoric, NY 10012 
(212) 226-3384 
Ton Free (800) 241-ART5 

I “HEROES' origioa] wrignpb 
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33 East 65 th Street 
New York City 
New York 10021 

(212) 772-3460 

Eugenia C Fanoorih 


Sculpture from around 
the world featuring The 
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Collection’ ol Bronze & 
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Paul Wegner Sculpture 
Collections, van Craigs 
Original Sculpted DoJS. 

Open Mon. Thuis n-6. 
mil Sat ii-asun. i2« 


® » I I I * * l • Ci 

157 Spring street 
New Marie N.Y K»12 
1212) 92S62Q3 

“HeBo Louis' 

Bronze Sculpture 
byftul Wegner 

fteddoceortd . 
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53 East 10th Street 
New Yotk, New Vbrk 10003 


18th & 19th Century 
French Country Antiques. 

Tht mtta unpcn am ir lr r tie* m rtr Umtrd Soars ;£ 
<4 Dwnom ami Enpirr 1 

fimuim. armsants iotd paatoops. " 



29 East AM Sinn. Nr*- for*. N.Y. MOOJn2f2i -rTJ-OiZJ 

- r 

Pair of nxk cr\>.Ui! B 

and gilded \%muuht B 

V >v 

iron appliques. 9 

Iltiiihi 40. width 25 « 

* *4 1 

• v 5 

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■ *;■ • . ' 

6 iji m 0 




V > 

'■nri-y, no mutiny 

1 5 J- AS 1 C>2 fid ST., NEW 

YORK 10021— TE 8-2320 

■. Ii.mtlrtnf' ■' lii-iip-. ' Ni'iirtc. car 

idetarim 1 derr. rativr t <■ > r i c* - 

Louis Phillipe Ormolu-Mounted Boulle Marquetry 
Bureauplat Early 19th Century 




1 'The Age of Caravaggio” is the 
major exhibit opening this month 
at the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art. One hundred paintings by 
Caravaggio, his North Italian pre- 
decessors and his contemporaries 
in Rome will be included. Throu gh 
April 14. On February 28 the 
Metropolitan's "The Treasury of 
San Marco” exhibit will feature 
more than 40 major works from 
the Basilica of San Marco in Ven- 
ice. Through June 2. Fifth Avenue 
at 82nd Street. For information, 
call (212) 879-5500. 


1 The board of governors of the 
Westminster Kennel Club will 
hold a black-tie dinner at 8:00 
pjn. in the Union Club to cele- 
brate the kennel club’s 109th an- 
nual all-breed dog show. The 
show itself will take place at 
Madison Square Garden tomor- 
row and the following day. Tickets 
for the dinner are by invitation 
only. 101 East 69th Street. For 
information, call (212 ) 682-6852. 


1 Nouveau Drouot will be holding 
a full schedule of auctions. On 
February 11 and 12: a 2:15 pm. 
sale of 17th- and 18th-centuiy 
finely bound French books. On 
March 20: 19th-century French 
books. On March 22: p aintin gs by 
School of Paris artists, including 
Raoul Dufy and Marie Laurencin. 
On March 27: 18th-century furni- 
ture and old master paintings. 
Nine rue Drouot, Paris. 


1 Tavern on the Green is the set- 
ting for "An Homage to Pierre 
Franey by the Great Chefs of 
France” to benefit the Greater 
New York chapter of the March 
of Dimes. Among the chefs flying 
to New York to prepare the din- 
ner are Paul Bocuse, Roger Verge 
and Gaston Le Notre. Count Ghis- 
lain de Vogue serves as honorary 
chairman of the gala dinner, 
which is being underwritten by 
Moet & Chandon. Tickets are 
$500. Central Park West at 67th 
Street For information, call (212) 


IThis morning Tiffany & Co. 
inaugurates Her Royal Highness 
Princess Chantal of France's por- 
celain collection. Fifth Avenue at 
57th Street For information, call 
(212) 755-8000. 


IThe Solomon R. Guggenheim 
Museum’s major show this month, 
"Kandinsky in Paris: 1934-1944,” 
is the final exhibit in a series on 
Wassily Kandinsky’s art Through 
April 14. On February 22 "Frank- 
enthalen Works on Paper, 1949- 
1984" will' display 75 gouaches, 
watercolors, acrylics and draw- 
ings by Helen Frankenthaler. 
Through April 21. 1071 Fifth Ave- 
nue. For information, call (212) 


1 Through February 20 Andre 
Laug’s spring collection will be 
shown at Martha. On February 

25 Stavropoulos will present his 
collection. 475 Park Avenue. For 
information, call (212) 753-1511. 


f The New York City Ballet Guild 
is hosting its annual luncheon for 
members and their guests today 
at noon. Lunch will be followed 
by a special performance of ballet 
excerpts narrated by New York 

ets are $300, and proceeds aid 
the Postgraduate Center for 
Mental Health. Park Avenue^ 
50th StreeL For information, cjQ- 

City Ballet Dancers Daniel and 
Joseph DuelL Tickets are $50 and 
$100. New Yoric State Theater, 
Lincoln Center. For information, 
call (212) 870-5585. 

T The Junior International Club 
is hosting a ball at 10:00 p.m. in 
the Grand Ballroom of the Plaza 
Hotel to benefit the Choi Choi 
Foundation. Princess Katalin zu 
Windisch-Graetz and Anne Eisen- 
hower head the ball committee. 
Dress is black- or white-tie. Fifth 
Avenue at 59th StreeL For in- 
formation, call 0212) 605-1363. 

f “Henri Rousseau,” the first 
major retrospective of Rousseau's 
art, opens at the Museum of 
Modem Art Through June 4. On 
February 28: "The Drawings of 
Henri Matisse,” a comprehensive 
survey, will open. Through May 
14. 11 West 53rd StreeL For in- 
formation, call (212) 708-9400. 



f The New York Junior League is 
hosting its Winter Ball tonight in 
the Grand Ballroom of the Wal- 
dorf-Astoria Hotel. Pamela L. 
Brmson will chair this fund-rais- 
ing event The theme of the ball 
is Mardi Gras, and attire is black- 
tie with mask optionaL Tickets 
are by invitation only. Park Ave- 
nue at 50th StreeL Fbr informa- 
tion, call (212) 288-6220. 


1 The Grand Ballroom of the NeW 
York Hilton Hotel will be the set- 
ting for the Flame of Truth award 
presentation in honor of Bloom- H 
ingdale's Chairman Marvin Si 
TYaub. The black-tie testimonial 
dinner-dance, which begins Witt 
6:30 p.m. cocktails, will be hostggf 
by the Fund for Higher Educ- 
tion. Melvin Jacobs, chairman and 
chief executive officer of Saks; 
Fifth Avenue, and Leonard Lau- 
der, president of Estee Lauder; 
will serve as chairmen. Tickets 
are $300, and funds raised wiff 
establish the Marvin S. Trantf 
Scholarship Fund at Harvard 
College. Avenue of .the Americas 
at 53rd StreeL For information; 
call (212) 354-4660. ^ 


5 * 

1 Christie's hosts KH)0 aim and 
2:00 pjn. sales of fine jewelry. On 
March 6: American and European 
prints. On March 9: English and 
continental furniture. On Mardt 
12: English and continental silver 
and works of art. On March 15r 
American paintings, drawings and 
sculpture. On March 20 and 2fr 
fine Japanese works of art Oit 
March 28: stamps. On March 3ft 
art nouveau and art deco sculp- 
ture. 502 Park Avenue. For infor- 
mation, call (212) 546-1000. 

H “A Gala Musical Tribute to 
Gwen Verdon and Cy Coleman” 
takes place this evening at the 
Waldorf-Astoria HoteL New York 
Telephone President and Chief 
Executive Officer William C. 
Ferguson is the chairman for this 
black-tie event which begins with 
a 6:00 pjn. reception followed by 
dinner and dancing at 7:30. Tick- 


1 Sotheby's will host a 2:00 pm 
sale of fine old master paintings. 
On March 23: French and conti- 
nental furniture and decorations. 
On March 30: 19th-century furni- 
ture, decorations and works hf. 
art 1334 York Avenue. For infix? 
mation, call (212) 606-7000. 

— Maura Kinney 

• • •* G 


Continued from opening page 

he recalls, "I tried to see not less 
than one important private col- 
lection in the city every week." 
Feld laughs. "Ethel Scull was the 
only person who ever said no.” 

But Feld’s accomplishments 
and the recognition they inspired 
failed to endear himself to 
Thomas Hoving, who became the 
museum's director in 1967. Recalls 
Hoving: "His problem was that 
he had an inflated opinion of 
himself. He's abrupt and abrasive 
by nature. His manner is con- 
descending. He was like a Dr. 
Spock of the art world. The fact 
that he was right in his opinions 
much of the time, that he talked 
up the paintings to the acquisi- 
tions committee with impeccable 
logic, didn’t help at alL" 

Feld prefers to recall his years 
at the Met by saying he was 
“Hoving’s first curatorial drop- 
out” and letting it go at thaL 
When pressed, he elaborates. "In 
April of '67" he says, "Hoving ap- 
pointed me head of the American 
paintings department, and he 
charged me with the responsibil- 
ity of terminating somebody who 
was in the department because 
he didn't think that that person 
was doing anything for the mu- 
seum. I was leaving on a business 
trip, and when I got back ten 
days later I found that the person 
he had wanted me to fire had 
meanwhile been made curator of 
a newly formed department.” The 
man? Henry Geldzahler, who went 
on to become New York's arts 
commissioner. The departm en t? 
Modern paintings— "in which 
gesture," Feld says, "more than 
50% of the curatorial objects that 
fell into my department were no 
longer in my care— including 
some pictures that were the sub- 
ject of a book that I was writing " 
Feld resigned from the Met in 
the summer of 1967 and was 
quickly confronted with a slew of 
offers from various New York gal- 
leries. He chose Hirschl & Adler, 
he says, because of the fine qual- 
ity of its American holdings. In 

m opening page . . - : J 

his 17 years there he has m 
the gallery one of the few trujfe; 
significant American specialist^ 
houses in the country. Having 
mounted a number of opinion- 
molding exhibits, including the 
universally praised "The Ameri- 
can Experience” in 1976, Feld has 
now expanded his scope to in- 
clude prints and sculpture. One 
particularly notable feature of his 
gallery is the outstanding quality 
of its catalogs, at once scrupulous 
in scholarship and beautifully de- 
signed. Feld's latest enterprise is 
in the field of contemporary art — 
with Hirschl & Adler Modern. 

T f 

he Felds met when Susan 
was registrar at the New 
York Cultural Center. They 1 
were engaged three weeks later. 
Since then, they have can vassed 
the country and the Continent in 
search of their first love — Ameri- 
can Empire furniture. When they 
began, it was rarely collected and 
little known: another example of 
Feldian foresight. - 

The Felds examples from the 
Empire period are remarkably 
graceful; impeccably preserved; 
They abound in the living- and 
dining rooms, which. Susan says," 
are as pure as they can be an d-L 
still be a home." There is gilt trim 
on the lamps and chairs, a side 
table with a winged woman at its 
. ^ intricately carved moldings 
window curtains draped like re-' 
viewmg-stand banners. A James 
att painting hangs over the 
u couch. Other canvases-— 
y delheid Dietrich and David 

nn^h SOn C. are eie e ant *y arranged 
on the walls and perfectly lighted; 

But for all the treasures on dis- 
play in the apartment, the md M 
remarkable fact about the Felds' 
home is , that they have managed 

to avoid a cluttered look; Says 
oiuart; Sorneone once ^ that 
the mark of true collectors is that 
they have closets full of pictures: 
Well, we qualify.” <: 

— Lisa CrunwfM 


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Continued from opening page 


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go to young collectors, “people 
who don t know too much about 
art but want something well-done, 
■easy and very decorative." 

Though she's caught up in an 
art world so small “it’s almost a 
joke.” Stallaerts is not all art busi- 
ness. "Yes. my social life is a little 
over-heavy right now." she says. 
"I love everything. It’s all so hard 

Things Romantic 
Sunday night movies y Horse- 
back riding in the park at dusk in 
winter y Taking a boyfriend 
shopping for himself y Getting 
lpst in the Egyptian room at the 
Metropolitan Museum y Ex- 
changing ideas and feelings about 
art y Listening to Mozart in a 
penthouse overlooking New York 
y Coming back from a black-tie 
party at dawn and ending up in 
the coffee shop down the block 
y Getting stuck in an elevator 



G allery Owner Leila 
Taghinia-Milani likes her 
artists young, contempo- 
raiy and international In men 
her preferences are more specific 
—she leans heavily toward the 
French. Bom in Tehran 30 years 
ago. Taghinia-Milani has lived in 
Paris and misses the city. "But," 
she says, smiling, 'T definitely 
don't have any trouble finding 
French dates in New York." 

She hasn't had any trouble find- 
ing a very loyal group of inter- 
national collectors either. They 
*|jeck in regularly at the Upper 
East Side gallery she opened al- 
most two years ago to see the 

latest from her diverse group of 
artists, who hail from the United 
States, Europe, North Africa, the ■ 
Middle East and Latin America. 
Their art, however, is linked by 
"a classical influence." 

Taghinia-Milani received a mas- - 
ters’ degree in art history from. 
George Washington University 
and the Smithsonian Institution's 
joint program. She has worked at , 
the Hirshhom and Guggenheim, 
museums, and as the curator of 
an investment bank’s collection. 
Now she dreams of opening arw . 
other gallery — in Paris, of course. 
“But I adore New Ybrik. It's such 
an international place, and there 
are just so many places to go." 

Things Romantic 
A kiss from a French man y A 
heart-shaped ruby ring, a red rose , 
and a bottle of Taittinger Comtes 
de Champagne rose for Valen- 
tine’s Day y When he offers you 
a Jim Dine painting with hearts 
for your birthday y When he 
takes you under the Bridge of 
Sighs in Venice and whispers, 
"You're mine forever" y When he 
sends your mother a bouquet of 
pink roses for Valentine's Day y 
Marcel Proust’s Remembrance of 
Things Past y When he has your 
portrait done alongside his by 
Christopher Makos, YZ. Kami or 
Dan Witz y When he takes you 
to see Casablanca 


B eatrice Dautresme is on 
assignment. Her mission is 
to bring romance to New 
York. "Bor me," says Dautresme, 
"the romantic must be highly 

_ .emotional" As the vice president 
p , of marketing for L’Oreal cos- 
r : meties, romance is her business. 

^Americans buy more on im- 
pulse," says the French-bom Dau- 
tresme, who has been in New York 
for three years. "The need to 
change is very American." Dau- 
tresme's job requires her to search 
for product ideas and promote 
them. "We have to keep finding 

. cc Leila Taghinia-Milani shows international artists in her gallery. 

At L'Oreat Beatrice Dautresme 
makes romance her business. 

products with a psychological 
lift” Newark, she says, provides 
the needed stimulus. ‘1 love being 
in New York. It draws a lot from 
you, but it offers a lot and ap- 
preciates people who work hard” 
For Dautresme, who is 38, hard 
work includes creating seven or 
eight new products, a year and 
about the same number of prod- 
uct stories for advertising cam- 
paigns. To balance the pace of 
her work life, she retreats to an 
apartment filled with serene Ori- 
ental antiques or arranges eve- 
nings at the theater, opera or bal- 
let '1 don't sit around waiting for 
people to call me, which is what 
you Have to do in Paris. There is 
nothing I like more than to take 
off and explore a completely un- 
discovered place." 

Things Romantic 
Spending New Year's Eve on the 
Lake of Udaipur in India y Re- 
ceiving a special selection of 
books and essays y A masked 
ball in Venice y Strolling through 
SoHo galleries on a Saturday 
afternoon y An outstanding per- 
formance at the Metropolitan 
Opera followed by a quiet dinner 
y A week of trekking in Nepal 
on the summit of the world y 
Spending the night overlooking a 
panorama of New York with a 
delicious dinner served y Some- 
one who knows how to appreciate 
bhnquette de veau (which I do 
particularly well) 

— Deborah Michel 

-r-Drl ■ 



-■ - " ‘“1 *Tlhe awful thing about a fire- 
• I place in Manhattan is hav- 

- - • JL ing to get the wood to put 

. in it. It isn't easy, after all finding 

. ' > 5%-ees to cut down, and walking 

around with an ax tends to put 
people off. Going to the local 
, : market for one of those twine- 

r - tied bundles of quartered logs is 

- - •> just not it, either one always feels 
-_•> a bit foolish, somehow, heading 

home with a bag of groceries in 
one hand and a bundle in the 
•M Other, especially when the bundle 
' ' . costs more than the groceries and 
' _ ends up being wet Ordering a 
cord of wood from some troll in 
■ ; the country is the braver way to 
• “ go, until one discovers the Jaw 
against upstairs delivery of loose 
firewood and has to hog it up 
. . . piece by piece to make a sort of 
/rustic disaster of the living room. 
’’’ . Not so the connoisseur. 

For him , there is never any 
. ' - question about it Year after year, 

. . -■* • winter after chilly New Y>rk win- 
ter, he picks up the phone, places 
' his order and speedily receives 
> ■ the finest firewood that money 
>- $an buy, packaged in a ruggedly 
handsome burlap bag with pale 
A blue letters stenciled across the 
*BRKAVE.NYC.... . 

. - It is up on 128th Street, in the 
shadow of the elevated tracks of 
■ ' v the Penn Central railroad, sur- 
rounded by bumed-out 
- meats and housing projects and 
little corner bodegas, that Clark 
■■■?■' & Wilkins carries on a business 

begun 115 years ago. 

The office is small and dreary. 
The walls are natural brick, the 
windows grimy and barred. An 
appearance of unconquerable 
clutter is spread across the three 
wooden desks that take up much 
of the room. More compelling are 
the old photographs, curling out 
of their frames and hung random- 
ly around the room. One shows a 
barge piled high with cut logs. 
Another shows a dockside lot 
stocked with hundreds and hui^ 
dreds of logs, towering high as a 
house. Yet another shows a horse- 
drawn wagon, with two men sit- 
ting atop it holding the reins. 

That, explains Rob Canora, the 
firm's fine wood manager, is 
pretty much the way things went 
in the last three decades of the 
19th century. A century ago, he 
says, Clark & Wilkins was a boom- 
ing concern, with barges bringing 
wood down the Hudson and mer- 
chant schooners bringing it north 
from the forests of Virginia. With 
the advent of oil and electric heat, 
Clark & Wilkins consolidated its 
operations at the East 128th 
Street dockside lot And when a . 
fire broke out some 30 years ago, ■ 
completely destroying the com- 
pany's firewood in stock, Clark & ’ 
Wilkins retrenched again, this 
time to its current address. 

Whittled down as it may be, 
Clark & Wilkins is hardly some 
hapless anachronism. The last ten 
years have seen a revival of inter- , 
est in firewood for heating. The 
company has also expanded into 
year-round endeavors— ironwork, 
fencing, masonry— that help bal- 

ance firewood’s wintertime mar- 
ket Most important is a loyal cli- 
entele with whom Clark & Wilkins 
carries on the sort of rapport that 
seems as dated as the photo- 
graphs on the company's walls. 

Like any good doctor or invest- 
ment counselor, Canora politely 
refuses to name names. "But 
there are a lot of celebrities,” he 
puts forth. "Businessmen, politi- 
cians, quite a number of enter- 
tainment figures.” With the lure 
of avoiding a dollar-per-bag de- 
livery charge, many customers 
make an annual visit — or send 
their chauffeurs — to pick up 
enough wood to last the winter, 
and the sight of a limousine idling 
up ori 128th Street amid rusted- 
oiit junkers is a perfectly every- 
day one. "In a way,” says Canora, 
"the evolution of Clark & Wilkins 
is die evolution of the city.” 

But the things that matter most 
have remained as they always 
were. The wood is from upstate, 
ii) Sullivan County, bought from 
certain farmers who understand 
Clark & Wilkins' special needs. 

; It's cut only in winter, when the 
trees are free of sap. (Wood cut 
in warmer months will always be 
, "green wood,” no matter how 
long it sits.) After it makes the 
. journey down to New York City, 
it always ends up in the burlap 
bags with the pale blue stendl- 
• ing across the front The bags, 
says Canora with a smile, always 
' make an impression. They're the 
reason some of his customers 
choose to buy in the first place. 
And they're the reason some cus- 
tomers call up afterwards. 
"They're always very polite, and 
what they want to know,” says 
. Canora, “is if they're supposed 
' to give the bags back.” 

—Michael Shnayerson 



A set of four 
chairs bearing the 
cypher of Queen 
Louisa Ulrika, and 
the Drottningholm 
Palace mark. 

Circa 1750. 

35 East 76th SntHT 
Cakdti Horn 
New York, NY 1002! 



One of a set 
of ten Regency- ebony 
inlaid mahogany 
dining chairs 
(2 armchairs, 

8 side chairs), 
circa 1810. 

157 EAST 64™ STREET NEW YORK, NY 1002 (212)472-1622 

Stair S viyty \I attiiiksia 

Old Master and 19th-Century Paintings, 
Drawings and Sculpture 

Ml East 69th Street, New York, NY 10621 
Telephone 212 28S-H8S by appointment 
Monday through Friday, life 36 to 5:3® 

Hyde Park 

Antiques, Ltd. 

836 Broadway (at 13th Street) • New Voile NY 10003 - (212)4774)033 

Finest English Antique 

A detail from “The Musical Soiree" by L.R. Trinquesse 11746- 
1800). This and other major examples of French .painting of the 
I7th, 18th and 13th century can be seen, by appointment, at oar 
galleiy io New York. 

A fine Ch/ppendalB Mahogany 
StoorJoa fa&Q. Circa 1775. 
WKtm XT Dept* 2Vi‘ Height: 23V' 

Thomas G. Schwenke 

Fine Authenticated .American Furniture 

936 Madison AL^enue 
(75th Street) 

New York. NYJOQ2I 
Telephone: (212) 772-7222 
lues, thru Sat. iiam. -6pm 

Very fine and rare 
Sheraton birdseye and 
maple one-drawer 
sewing table, with 
extruded comers and 
ring turned legs ending 
in brass casters. 
Unique and original 
foliated brass pulls. 
Salem. Mass., circa 1810. 

- ■ 2BKT high. 17* wife- v" 
13" deep - • 


Importers of Fine English Furniture and Objets D’Art 

One of a set of 
six Ms 

Pop In end: 
Mon.-Sat 10-5; Sun. 11-4 
One Hour from NYC 

NEW CANAAN, CT 06840 (203) 966-2658 







Mmann qualify w drih utow of 
American «n 

An mmtd wfanung 
gaiety boBding 

Monogmpfaa and cetalognea 

Begun one pfaldnd 

Native American pueblo pooery 



SAntA fe 6 ASt 

MUien nsim. tunanc 

200 OLD SANTA FE THAO. I SANTA FE. NM 87S0I / (SOS) 988-3103 

CoUma Ceramic dog. Mendso. 2OG0O5OOAD 








. J . ; ; j 1 1] i: cv- A • / / H 1 1 ofc 

l'K'Jj n;ui 20:h ('cat a:-- !i!nstra::o}i y Decorative A > 


l Kw oisr St i vet, Nev. York, NY 101)21 • ;212 < M32-.S2.' 

Bdlas Arbes 

Robert ml ChcxioNB KoraMit 

301 Garda at Canyon Rd, 
Santa Fe>. NM 87501 

Wanted to Buy * Major American 
& European Paintings 




We will pay Record Prices for 
Fine American and European Paintings, 
Watercolors and Graphics 

Telephone: I “800-621-5884 
P.O. BOX Z 52 . 4 , SANTA PE, NM 87504 




Guy Laroche. A creator 
of fashion and perfume 
that reflect the Frisian image 
of luxury and good taste . . . 

bom in the fishing 
village of La Rochelle on the 
Atlantic coast of France . . . 
1949 — moves to Paris and 
begins work with Greek 
designer Jean Desses . . . 
1957 — first Haute Couture 
collection . . . travels to the 
U.S. and creates a sports- 
wear collection . . . followed 
by a photo spread in Life 
' magazine ... 1961 — 
Haute Couture showroom 
and “La Boutique” 
(featuring Diffusion Pret-a- 
Porter) open at 29 Ave- 
nue Montaigne . . . 1966 — 
“Guy Laroche Monsieur” 
menswear collection . . . 

1967 — Sodete des 
Parfums beauty products 
and perfume: Fidji ( 1967); 
EauFofle (1970); Drakkar 
(1971); JaiOse (1977); 
Drakkar Ncrir ( 1981 ) . . . 
his clientele indudes such 
celebrities as Mme. Claude 
Pompidou, Helene Rochas, 
Charlotte Ford, Mrs. 
Samuel Newhouse, Marisa 
Berenson, Ursula Andress, 
Alain Delon, Jacques 
Chirac ... he has recently 
been commissioned to 
redecorate the Hotel 
Parker Meridian in New 
York. ..Parfums Guy 
Laroche (Drakkar Noir 
and Fidji) will be 
sponsoring a squash tour- 
nament in New York, May, 
1985 ... Sodete La- 
roche is a new member of 
the prestigious Fferwen 
Coixiit£de Colbert 

“If couture 

is my profession, perfume 

is my luxury.” 


1 I 




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Statistics Index 

AMEX Artuei W® Eominpi rviwts pio 
amEX Njwnwi- FHno ran nmj c> , 

.HVSE Prt«* P. a Gold mortats P ' 7 
WTOE MtXn/iowl P.lfl interest rotes 9 i 
Sw*** M* WWtatMnmorvp'a - 
Ourency runs P. 7 Ootiora p 

Cbmmoamas P.I1 OTC stock pj, 

pMgmte Ml Qteor mcnm , p ) w 

sa'tubday- suwuay, February 9-io. loss" 


Reagan’s Speech Indicates 
|He Is Serious on Reforms 


Sav York Tunes Senior 


jrom ine president's call for a second AiraSam revdSJhis 
modest bid for a place in the historybS«nSmnSvSf 
Washington, to his shy enjoyment of a congressional first, the 

riustonc reform of tax simpli- B 

fication for fairness and 

growth,” Skeptics may still » D 

jwait to see how hard the piesi- Keagan increased 

dent fights to overcome the ls_ . . 

opposition of the “special in- ™® Commitment to 
teres is,” some of them com- "histnrir reform nt 
mercufl, some charitable and ^^° nC rel ° rm ot 
some personal, but Mr. Rea- tax simplification” 

pan oave everv cion nf mMn. * 

growth,” Skeptics may stfll » D 

jwait to see how hard the piesi- Reagan increased 

dent fights to overcome the , . 

opposition of the “special in- ^ Commitment to 
terests,” some of them com- “butm-fo reform 
mercud, some charitable and ™ IOnC reiorm ot 

some personal, but Mr. Rea- tax flrn mlifi ratKm” 

gan gave every sign of mean- * 

ing business. 

_ he was instructing his new secretary of the Treasury, 

J*raes A. Baker 3d, to start working with congressional authors 
aM committees “for bipartisan legislation.” The critical wold 
h er ^. | S bipartisan. Since there already is a Democratic bill for a 
modified flat tax, written by Senator Bill Bradley of New Jersey 
and Representative Richard A. Gephardt of Missouri, and a 
Republican version, written by Representative Jack F. Kemp of 
New York and Senator Robert W. Kasten Jr. of Wisconsin, a 
basis for a bipartisan coalition exists. 

Mr. Reagan began in his speech to Congress to mate the 
modifications in ms Treasury Department's tax proposal that 
might make it more politically palatable. He said the Treasury 
proposal was “an excellent reform plan whose principles wifi 
guide the final proposal we wfll ask yon to enact,” quickly not ing 
that his bill would not “jeopardize the mortgage interest deduc- 
tion families need” and that it would significantly incre ase the 
personal exemption, thereby making his “flat” tax more progres- 
sive and raising the tax floor for lower-income families. 

exempt from federal income tax. In 1984 the poverty Hne 
was $10,612 for a family of four and $5,200 for a single individ- 
ual. Of course, working people with low incomes still would have 
to pay Social Security, which now is yielding almost as much as 
weral personal income taxes, as well as sales, excise and other 

He is even planning to shift the tax burdens from mdividualsto 
businesses, a remarkable switch from his first-term legislation. 
The president probably can keep control of his own party on the 
tax bill, and the Democrats, especially the liberals, may embrace 
it warmly, if it keeps basically to the Treasury design. 

Further evidence that Mr. Reagan means to give his foil 
support to tax revision can be found in his statement that 
“together, we can pass, this year, a tax bill for fairness, simplicity 
and growth” Senator Robert J, Dole,- the Republican majority 
leader, who had been saying that there was no way the bill could 
be passed this year, told a television interviewer that possibly 
some of it could be passed this year. 

Yet there r emain grounds for wariness about how hand Mr. 
Reagan will push {or an overhaul of the tax system. Mr. Bradley is 
adopting a stance of “I’m from Missouri,” mcknamed the “Slow 
(Cuuiiuoed on Page 9, CoL 4) 

Currency Rates 

Lota interbank rates on Feb. B , cwkxfing fees. 

Offirid fixings for Amsterdam, Brussels, Frankfurt, Milan, Paris. New York rales at 

London (ft) 





• S _ Per 

M C-neoar ^ 

0.TU& AartraUooS UMS 
DUO* Amtriao scMHog 2279 
Bin 54 Beftsiao fin. fraac 65JW 
B7480 CoaoAen I UK4 
nut) DMbftfaioM 1159 

SJ4BS Raoish markka *7425 
00674 Gra* drama 13150 
0:1282 HUM Kara s 7502 

34175 115275 251753 

61550 20T.53 

U5 95225 UIW 

3551V 4.M» 1 

8045 2AJ8 1X13" 
B5JB* 27515 • 0.1387 
22297 65047 156957 

X13377 956723 MA. 

Dollar Values 

* Comm J 

EOUtv. 1 

X9455 Irish I 
05614 Israeli shekel 
3251 KtraraWMoor 
0591* Mnm.mmit 
ft 1073 Norw. krooo 
(USB Phil, peso II 
05055 Pttrt.flKOdo 
02719 Saudi rival 

UZ7z 08JU* 4585 " 
251753 L0M5 72585 

54341 30502 

UM 3464 65.10 

4963* 24962 152215 * 

1X13* 7151 4UU3 * 

0.1387 7531 • 4256 • 

156957 25238 444348 

MJQ. 15476 <2405 

S4=. Ton 
13271 "140.91 v 
23526 34M • 
11X31 • 1545 ■ 
35485 389545 
72740 7451 

1273 26050 
34838 18815 * 



15994 77X999 
14709 251590 

ULSlS Enohr. UAS 

15357 04428 SMOMflS U58S 

6B35S 0536 XAftfaOmte 14656 

03074 05012 S. Kurus am 83725 

14515 05036 Saoo-MOta 178J5 

9JM 0.MB8 SMftftraH 9.118 

1U1306 0525S Toteno S 39.16 

UUO 0506 TMteU 27515 

34833 02723 UAE.driMHn 16725 

C.StoU«i:l, 1615 Irish I 

la) cammardol franc (b) Amounts needed to bur one oowid CO AracMdsnEedadto buy aaedoHar(’) 
■Mi oM00U> Unite 0(1500 |yl Units d 10560 

iCi: not Quoted; NA4 not ovaHahte. „ 

Sources: San awe oa Benelux (Brussels I : Banco Cdnuner dote ttaHan a Banme 

Itanonale dm Porte (Paris); IMF 1 5PR> i Banov* Andie ot Infwnoffawlo (T<Rv«*ftssanMnr 
tmnar. riyat dirham). CUher data from Heaters and AP. 


Eurocurrency Deposits ^ 8 

! Dottr D-Mrnit SSc Sterflwi ® cw , ll _ J M _. 


8K. . 


- 6U 


- 5ft 

1% - 





- 5ft 


9K. - 



- Oft 




Wft - 





- 5H 


10 ft- 





- 5ft 

IV. Mlk- 10 H, <9k - 4 VW 596 -59u lllfc. n*o- _ 

tzrz — * 


i. v Asian Dollar Rates 

* Bte. -BftW 
Spuroe; Ruotere. 

3 mat 
9 K. -911. 

t mas. 

9 9W '991. 

Key Money Rales 

©Haxirt Rcra » » 

Podaoni Funds 8 5/14 8W1 

Prime Rom 10% 10W 

Broker Loan Rate MOW MOW 

Comm. PaBor, 30-179 dovs 545 

*month Tranurv BUIS 820 

*4nonfti Treasury BUte *27 jja 

CD's 3849 days 751 

Ipl 4M9 d an WO 137 


Bonk Baa* Rote 
Coll Monev 
9V4JOY Tr ecsttry B ill 
3-montt\ icitaiwn* 


Discount SWte 
Coll MoneV 
40-dav Inlerftank 

14 U 

13 14 

124k 33 | 

12W 13 W 

3 S 
0 S/16 * 3/14 
4 7/14 * 7/16 

Lombard Rate 
Overoioht Rem 
One Month interbank 
Xmontti intertxnk 
tnrantti interbank 

iftteywenUon Ram 
4’ Coll Money 
tei Ckw- month interbank. 

y 3 fTW nt h Interbank 
' - tenantti .mtertwnk 

450 650 

4.10 6.10 

575 550 

455 435 

445 640 

H)W WVft 
10*k W* 

w w* 6 

Gold Prices 

te >, &vrees: Reuters. Commerxbaik. Credit Lr- 

wtete, uerntt Book. Banket Tatra 

1 — ^ 

-y i; [Market Closed 

'*'*■ ■ j The Tokyo Stock Exchange wiD 

AJW. P-M. Clitee 

SSff- 3S SS 

Zurlch . 30040 39950 - 155 1 

LonOor _ jjjqjo + 050 

SaiSSw York Conran ftirrtnf eontroeL 


gpuref: Retdent 

be dosed Monday for a holiday. 

"Tt fk WWflWMtgrf 


U.S. Picks 
Buyer for 

Norfolk Named 
Amid Criticism 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Trans- 
portation Department announced 
Friday that it has chosen Norfolk 
Southern Cop. to buy Conrail, the 
government-owned freight line that 
it has been tiying to sell for two 

Elizabeth Hanford Dole, the sec- 
retary of transportation, said (he 
selection of Norfolk Southern, if 
approved by Congress, would 
“leave Conrail hr (be strongest fi- 
nancial position,” would “best pre- 
serve service to Conrafl’s shippas" 
and would give the federal govern- 
ment the best financial return. 

Norfolk Southern has offered 
more than $1 2 billion for the com- 

But Senator John Heinz, a Re- 
publican of Pennsylvania, said he 
would offer legislation to block the 
sale until an mart is made to sell 
Conrail in a public-stock offering. 

Conrail itself has urged that the 
railroad be sold in a public offer- 
ing, and a number of congressmen 
have raised concern that a merger 
of Conrail with Norfolk Southern, 
one of the Bast's major railroads, 
might reduce competition. 

The Transportation Department 
considers a public sale too risky. 

Sources who asked not to be 
identified said that Mrs. Dole had 
selected Norfolk Southern over two 
other bidders, Alleghany Corp., a 
New York investment company, 
and an investment group headed 
by the hotel executive X Willard 

The merger of the two railroads, 
if approved by Congress, would 
create the country's largest rail sys- 
tem. The track network would 
stretch across 34,000 miles (55,000 
kilometers) of track from Boston to 
New Orleans, and as far west as 
Kansas City. The two railroads’ 
combined revenue was more than 
$6 billion in 1983. 

Some of the critics of a Norfolk 
Southero-Conrail merger, includ- 
ing several influential members of 
Congress, have argued that such a 
railroad would harm shippers and 
reduce competition. 

But a Justice Department report 
said that the merger would pose no 
antitrust or serious competitive 
problems as long as Norfolk South- 
ern agrees to divest itself of sec- 
tions of track in certain areas. 

Conrail was formed April 1, ’ 

It lost large amounts of money in : 
its early years, despite government j 
subsidies. But in recent years, ex- 
cess trackage and employment ' 
have been cut Conrail earned $500 1 
million last year. 

French Jobless 
RosetolO. 3 % 
In 4 thQuarter 

Revien j 

PARIS — The unemploy- j 
. meat rate in France rose to a j 
previa ona] 10.3 percent of the i 

wotk force at the end of Decern- i 
ber 1984, up from 10.1 percent 
at the end of September and 9 i 
percent at the end of December j 
1983, the national statistics in- j 
stitute said Friday. i 

The seasonally adjusted vzo- \ 

employment rate, based on an t 

estimated work force of 23.67 1 

million, was published by [he 
institute, known as IN SEE, for i 

the first time as part of a newly j 

developed quarterly series. t 

A separate series of monthly 
unemployment figures showed i 

seasonally adjusted unemploy- i 

meat rose to 2.4 million persons j 

in December from 2.38 million j 

in November and 2.12 million c 

in December 1983. 

The quarterly jobless rate r- 

was 9.7 percent at the end of 
March 1984, 10 percent at the 
endof June and 10.1 percent for 
the three months elding Sept. 


IN SHE officials said the se- 
ries. calculated from 1981, 
showed the sharpest rise in un- 
employment was in 1983 and 
the first quarter of 1984. The 
rate rose to 9 percent at tbe end 
of 1 983 from 8.2 percent at the 
endof 1982 and 8 percent at the 
end of 1981. 

U.S. Stories 
Report, Page 8 

Page 7 

How a Typical Swap 

Company X makes 
JJ ftMttiQfitepayfmQU 

I CowpanyV makes h»eCl 

Dollar Surges; 
Joint Action 
Seen as Unlikely 

Bank mokes f, .red ran toft makes floanno®«j 

payments to Company repayments lo 

x ComoanyY -H 

Company X rtfavs fowl 
rata payments lo its 

Investom buy faxed 
mt«wt rate bonds faom 
Company X 

Company Yieiays 
floating rate payments 
to commercial paper 

investors Buy repeated ssues of 
commercial Paso? at market -or 

floating - rales from Comoany Y. 

Th* Nam Tori. Tin 

The Rate Swap Faces Scrutiny in U.S. 

By Fred R_ Bleakley 

V«w York Times Service 

NEW YORK — For many corporate treasurers, 
the financial world is much safe- these days be- 
cause of anew technique to manage risk called the 
interest-rate swap. But accountants and banking 
regulators are concerned that not enough is known 
about the risk it poses to the financial institutions 
that arrange and stand behind them. 

“As more transactions are done with a greater 
spectrum of companies this becomes a more im- 
portant issue," said Thomas Macy, c hairman of 
the banking committee of die American Institute 
of Certified Public Accountants and a partner of 
Price Waterhouse, an auditing firm. 

Also looking closely at the risk implications of 
the swap business are the Federal Reserve Board, 
the Securities and Exchange Commission, the 
Comptroller of tbe Currency and the Financial 
Accounting Standards Board 

E. Gerald Corrigan, the new president of the 
Federal Reserve Bank of New York, said in a 
speech last June that swaps are one of the new risk- 
hedging devices whose risks are not fully under- 

stood. Therefore, he said, the)' give him “a tinge of 
uneasiness ” 

And even though commercial bankers and in- 
vestment bankers maintain that they have been 
sufficiently careful, some of them have been work- 
ing together to develop risk-control standards, 
both to prevent problems and. to ward off possible 
government restraints. 

In its simplest form, a swap contract is an 
agreement between two parties for the exchange of 
a series of cash flows, one representing a fixed rate 
and the other a floating rate. This enables a corpo- 
ration nervous about paying increasingly higher 
variable rates in a rising rate environment to lock 
in a fixed rate. 

The other parry to the agreement likes the 
chance to receive a fixed rate while paying out a 
variable rate because, among other things, rt could 
benefit from a decline in rates. 

The concern of regulators and accountants has 
been heightened by the fact that Iasi year commer- 
cial banks and investment banks put together 
swaps for interest payments on an estimated $70 
billion of debt, roughly three times tbe estimated 
(Continued on Page 9, CoL 1) 

Compiled by Oar Staff From Disparities 

NEW YORK —The dollar rose 
to new records in late trading Fri- 
day, inspired by New York specu- 
lators and a growing feeling that 
central banks have not been able to 
make their recent intervention pact 

In late New York trading, tbe 
dollar was at 3.25 Deutsche marks, 
up from 3.243 late Thursday and its 
highest rate since since Jan. 12. 
1972. The British pound was at 
SI. 1055 in tele trading Friday, 
down from SI. 1 165. 

New standards were set against 
the Italian lira and French franc for 
the fourth straight day. The Swiss 
franc hit a seven-year low. 

Against other currencies in New 
York trading, the dollar reached 
9.9225 French francs, up from 
9.909; 2.7730 Swiss francs, up from 
2.758; 1,998 Italian lire, up from 
1.992. and 260.20 ven, down from 

The strength of ihe dollar 
seemed to have ended hopes that a 
recent agreement by five leading 
industrial democracies on concert- 
ed intervention to support other 
currencies would curb the dollar's 
ascent, monetary sources in Wash- 
ington said. 

When the so-called Group of 
Five finance ministers — from the 
United States, Britain, Japan. West 
Germany and France — agreed on 
the strategy last month, hopes rose 
that tbe United States had eased its 
opposition to intervention. 

Since that, however, top U.S. 
officials have said intervention is 
not a useful policy tooL 

The Federal Reserve chairman, 
Paul A. Volcker, said this week: “I 
don’t think you can expect too 
much from intervention.** 

Fear lingers in the financial mar- 
kets that the five central banks may 
yet move toward major, concerted 

intervention, but monetan> sources 
in Washington said the US. offi- 
cials' statements should be taken at 
face value. 

Treasury Secretary James A 
Baker 3d, who had not been con- 
firmed in his new post by the time 
of the January meeting, has since 
cairi that affecting exchange rates 
through intervention alone is diffi- 
cult. The other four countries that 
joined in the intervention pact have 
now also expressed serious doubts 
about it. j 

The Federal Reserve has entered 
the markets two or three times 
since the Group of Five session, but 
a Western monetary source said the 
U. S. efforts were so limited that 
the)' did not provide a fair test of 
intervention as a policy tool. 

“It's really just tokenism.” he 
said. The source said the U. S. posi- 
uon bad invited the markets to 
think. “If that's all they're prepared 
to do, we might as well carry on as 

Gunther Well. West Germany's 
ambassador to the United States, 
said this week. “The last few days 
have proved that intervention 
doesn't help.” 

At a seminar at the Brookings 
Institution, Mr. Well said; "We're 
at a loss over what to do. We had 
hoped the G-5 agreement would 
produce a greater readiness to in- 
tervene. It didn't work." 

Karl Otto Pdhl, president of the 
Bundesbank, also seemed to ac- 
knowledge that the agreement had 
failed when, at a business forum in 
Switzerland, he criticized the limit- 
ed U. S. intervention and insisted 
that, as the world's top economic 
power with the world's most impor- 
tant currency, the United States 
had a special responsibility. 

(Reuters, AP\ 

Acorn’s Woes Said to Signal Hard Year lor Computers in U.K. 

By Janet Bush analyst at the brokerage Simon ft new financial advisers. Close veiy i 

Renters Cqaies, said: “The home-computer Brothers, and to be asking for ex- . . .W 

LONDON — Deepening trou- market as a whole is in severe diffi- tensions on its bank borrowings. 

bies at Acorn Computer Group 
PLC presage a tough year for the 
British microcomputer industry 
and an end to the dramatic growth 
of recent years, analysts say. 

Acorn said Wednesday that it 
was reorganizing its affairs after 
weeks of uncertainty and a run on 
its shares. Then Thursday, Sinclair 
Research Ltd. said it was posroon- 
ing a share issue planned for March 
because of unfavorable stock-mar- 

culties.” Mr. Whitaker said Acorn would computer manufacturers.'' 

He. said Acorn's problems could have to take large write-offs be- U. S. imports, are priced very 
spread to other small companies cause of a substantial stockpile of competitive^. Commodore lnter- 
that have seen rapid growth with- unsold computers after disappoint- national Ltd, for injury has 
out a strong capital blue. “Aconi is ing pre-Christmas sales of the Elec- costs of about £35 ($39) a unit, 
the kind of company where, if iron model and a price war with compared with estimates of £100 
things go wrong, they will go wrong Sinclair in January. for the Bee iron. International 

very much an industry under siege, of £6 million. Applied Computer 
. . .We are under acute, not to say Techniques (Holdings) PLCs U. S. 
predatory, attack from U. SL micro- operation through Apricot Inc. is 

the kind of company where, if iron model and a 
things go wrong, they will go wrong Sinclair in January 

also sluggish. And the European 
market for microcomputers, apart 
from Britain, is relatively underde- 

The analysts said Acorn had 
been less able to withstand the 

CTO” C7I — — — ^ —— ’O'- O ~~~ W i — Ji 4VI V4M4 UWVUIM6* A4J Mrl - I" . _ ■ f_ ^ f ■ 

fast and in a big way.” he said. Analysts said that domestic de- Business Machines Corp., which “ lts 

Acorn suspended dealings in its mand for microcomputers would has 30 percent of the business-mi- rcuance M lu am - moocL 
shares on the unlisted-securities be flat in 1985 and that the compe- crocompoter market in Britain, has Mr. Broad said that government 
market Thursday. They bad fallen tition, particularly from the United cut prices to between 25 and 30 ' ’ ’ 
to a low of 23 pence from a peak States, was biting hard. percent below its U.S. prices. 

ket sentiment toward the computer last year of 193 pence; Tbe compa- 

- They bad fallen tition, particularly from the United cut prices to between 25 and 30 
nice from a peak States, was biting hard. percent below its U.S. prices, 

ence. Tbe compa- David Broad, director-general of Acorn’s foray into the U.S. mar- 

:ctor. ny is believed to be working out a the British Microcomputer Manu- ket was short-lived, and the compa- 

Michael Whitaker, electronics financial rescue package with its factunars Group, said, “We fed ny withdrew with estimated losses 

backing for putting microcomput- 
ers in schools had all but dried up 
and that the BBC model had come 
to be regarded as overexpensrve 
and possibly outdated. 

By Fox Butterfield 

Sew York Times Semce 

BOSTON — First National 
Bank of Boston has pleaded guilty 
in federal district court here to fad- 
ing to report S1JZ bfflion. in cash 
transfers with Swiss banks and has 
been fined $500,000. 

Many of the transactions in- 
volved cash in denominations of 
$20 or less that was pul in satobds, 
placed aboard airplanes and depos- 
ited in tbe accounts of tbe foreign 
banks at First National, according 
to the VS. attorney, William F. 

Mr. Wdd said it was the first 
time that a US. bank had been 
prosecuted for illegal international 
transfers to foreign banks. 

He said that toe $500,000 fine, 
imposed Thursday by Judge A Da- 
vid Mazzone, was the product of 
negotiations with the bank and was 
the maximum for a single felony 

He also said that toe fine was the 

largest ever imposed on a bank for 
violating the federal currency-re- 
porting law, which requires banks 
to report to the Internal Revenue 
Service all cash transactions over 
$10,000, including transfers to and 
from foreign banks. 

The 1980 law was intended to 
help the government check money 
“laundering” and gather informa- 
tion for use in criminal and tax- 
evasion cases, Mr. Wdd said. 

Mr. Wdd declined to say directly 
whether the bank was guilty of 
money laundering. “I don't think 
Td characterize it one way or an- 
other,” be said. 

First National Bank is an operat- 
ing unit of Bank of Boston, the 
nation’s 16tb-largest banking com- 
pany. There is no affiliation with 
First Boston Corp., a big securities 
firm based in New York. 

Bank of Boston said in a stare- 
menrihanhe transfers were part of 
its “routine” international inter- 
bank business in which “numerous 
foreign hanks main fain aCCOUQIS at 
the bank into which they deposit 
U.SL currency received by them 

“Similarly, whenever tbe foreign 
banks require large amounts of 
U.S. currency, withdrawals are 
made from these accounts and the 
currency is shipped directly to the 
foreign banks,” the statement con- 

“Only toe foreign batiks them- 
selves have access to these ac- 
counts. No individual is allowed to 
make, or has made, deposits to or 
withdrawals from these accounts,” 
the statement said. 

The statement suggested that the 
bank's only problem was its failure 

to adjust to tbe 1980 reporting re- 
quirement and said that now “the 
bank has filed aB additional reports 
required by this change in toe regu- 

The statement noted that, before 
1980. all mterbank-curraicy trans- 
actions. domestic and foreign, were 
exempted from the government's 
currency-reporting requirement. 

But, it added, ‘tin July 1980, the 
reporting requirements were ex- 
tended to include foreign, but not 
domestic, interbank-currency 
transactions in excess of $10,000.” 

According to the U.S. Attorney’s 
office, toe Bank of Boston failed to 
file currency-transaction reports on 
1,163 transactions between July 
1980 and September 1984 totaling 
$ 1,218.682^*81. 

Of these, 993 were deposits from 
the foreign banks to thcar accounts 

with tbe Bank of Boston involving 
$528^39,281 in cash, and 170 were 
withdrawals by tbe foreign banks 
totaling $690,143,000. 

Of tbe total. $1.16 billion was 
transacted with three Swiss banks, 
Citdit Suisse of Zurich, Swiss Bank 
Corp. of Basel and the Union Bank 
of Zurich, according to Jeremiah T 
O’Sullivan, the head of the Nevy 
England Organized Crime Strike 

Other banks involved in smaller 
amounts were Barclays Bank Inter- 
national of New York, Bank Lor of 
Zurich and Erste Osterreichische 
Spar-Casse of Vienna. 

No individual officers of the 
bank were charged in Thursday’s 
proceedings. But Mr. Wdd said 
that “we reserve toe right to go 
after them in the future. 




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On Monday, February II 
in the International Herald' Tribune: 

Foreigners purchased more than half the West German shares sold in January, 
and the international fascination with Frankfurt appears far from over. 


Richard Thornton of Charterhouse J. Rothschild is a long-term bull on Asian markets. 

He lists his favorites in Tokyo, Hong Kong and Bangkok. 

The competition among offshore currency funds for the attention of international investors is heating up. 
The IHT takes a look at how the funds operate, and reports on afew of the leaders in the field. 

Options on US stock indexes are booming amid the general optimism felt on Wall Street 
But experts caution, while these easy-to-use instruments have their attractions, they are not for everyone. 

And more. 

All in the International Herald Tribune. 

The Global Newspaper. 

Bringing tbe world’s most important news to the world’s most important audience. 


'»'. -i*^« i -y« .im-jJ 

Page 8 


NYSE Most Actives 

Dow Jones Averages 

NYSE Index 

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own HI* Law Last am 

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SS 5253 +U2 

1T0J2 11(344 11051 —an 

NYSE Diaries 




AMEX Diaries 

NASDAQ index 

~&MEX Most Actives 

HMb t4M 




323 415 


Total Issues 

NSW Lows 
volume up 
Volume down 

244 192 

219 234 

810 en 

77 81 








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t&4» 311.12 
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14% +% 
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27fe — % 




Total issues 
Now Hiohs 
Now Lows 
Volume iw 

Volume dawn 

Close Pro. 
927 1117 

701 543 

410 348 

2043 2049 

207 250 

2 3 

Odd-Lot Trading In N.Y. 

Fab, 7 217*99 547,798 540 

Fob. 6 207507 54X330 NA 

W --- 23W13 5BL764 11387 

Fsb. 4 229.949 554312 <4873 

c5r? : 197.123 514704 4511 

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Standard & Poor's index 

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16157 I60C 161.17 +054 
7880 7775 77.94 + 0J4 
2188 2174 2174 —073 
18379 18167 182.19 +077 

|n»w innes Bond Averages] 

Tmex stock Index 




231.91 Z®-® 

Close Che- 
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12 Month 
HMiLow ShKk 

PE HteHWLow OboLOTos 

16VV AAR -a 2 

9% AGS 

1M AMP 50 3 

74V. AMR 

IBM AMR of 2.18 11. 
27fe AMR Pf 2.12 b 5 
22% ANRpf 257 10 
8% APL 

44% A5A 380 4 

16 AVX 72 l 

34% Abflab 170 2 
16fe AccoWdS 44 l 
12fe AcmsC AO 2 
Bb AcmoE J2bl 
15 Ada Ex 2.11*12. 
11% AdmiW 72 1. 

8% AdvSrs All 6 

25% AMD 

Dow Off, But Other Indexes Up 

Low Stock 

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1? Month 

High Low Slock 

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12 Month 

man LOW Stacfc- 

SIS. Oe» 


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15% Ahntns 170 4. 
2% Alison 

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13 AlrbFrt 50 2j 

AlaPpf 254*11. 
AlaPpfA 352 12, 
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537 54 
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5 33% 
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5 34% 

United Press Inientanoital 

NEW YORK — Prices on the New Yoric 
Stock Exchange were mixed Friday, ending the 
week with broad-based indicators at record lev- 
els and blue-chip stocks a few points from their 
all-time high. 

The Dow Jones industrial average lost 0. II to 
1.289.97, still close to its record of 1,292.62 set 
Ian. 29. For the week, the Dow gained 12.25. 

Three other stock market indicators made 
new all-time highs, beating old marks set Thurs- 

The NYSE index gained 0221 to 105.39 and 
the price of an average share increased 70 cents. 
S tandar d & Poor's 500-stock index climbed 0.37 
to 182.19 and the Dow Jones transportation 
average gained 3.87 to 630.09. 

Advances led declines by a 9-7 ratio among 
the 2,037 issues traded at the dose. 

Big Board volume totaled 116.46 million 
shares, down from the 151.73 million traded 
Thursday. It was the 22nd consecutive session 
in which volume has exceeded 100 million 

The difference between this rally and the 
one in August 1982, is the presence of the public 
in the stock market." said William LeFevre of 
Purcell, Graham & Co. He noted that American 
Stock Exchange issues and over-the-counter 
markets also have been posting gains on heavy 

that advances have exceeded declines for 24 of 
25 sessions. The Dow will catch up," he said, 
“it’s just a question of tune." 

Mr. Broder said that the public has been 
drawn into the market at a time when “inflation 
is no longer a concern, a recession is no longer a 
concern, and interest rates have come down." 

Paul A. Volcker, chairman of the Federal 
Reserve Board, in congressional testimony Fri- 
day pgpin urged reductions in the federal bud- 
get deficit. 

Mr. Volcker said that the Fed had no inten- 
tion of fueling renewed high inflation by any 
inap propriately fast increase in the growth of 
the money supply. 

The Wall Street Journal reported on an inter- 
view with President Ronald Reagan, in which 
he replied, “I would have to be convinced of the 
need to do that," when asked about Treasury 
Department proposals that would increase cor- 
porate tax rates. 

The president strongly embraced the concept 

E* 1!* 

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of tax simplification, but be emphasized be has 
not vet studied the plan in detail. 

Mr. LeFevre said double-dial yields in cash 
markets were an alternative for the public in 
1982, whereas now those rates have fallen. 
“This market will continue to go up despite 
! what you see in the Dow (industrials)," he said. 
Joseph Broder of Stuart. Coleman Co. noted 

19% — b 

27% — * 
48 +lb 

23b— b 


not yet studied the plan in detail. 

On the floor, Phillips Petroleum was the most 
active NYSE-listed issue, up V* to 50(i. Carl A. 
IcaJin. a New York financier, said be plans to 
make a lender offer for about 25 percent of 
Phillips at S57 a share. 

Unocal was second, gaining 14 to 49. Hie 
company has been mentioned as a possible 
takeover target. 

Exxon gained 1 to 47?4, Ohio Standard £ to 
44%, Sun Co. % to 50'/a and Indiana Standard 
IVfc to 59%. Chevron shed ft to 34ft and Mobil ft 
to 28ft. 

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7 71 

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50 20 5407 

50 117 2 

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500 J 11 274 

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it as 

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113*217 148 

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37 + b 
37b + * 
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55 — * 
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47%+ b 
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18b— b 
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26% — to 
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18 + to 

52*— % 
45% — to 

63*— Ito 
12*— to 

26**- to 
9 —to 
25* + to 
28to— to 
J4to— * 

ICInd* 130 35 
1C In pi 330 33 

I CM pf 270 iai 
IN Ain 152 115 
IRTPr* 150 82 
ITT CP 180 38 
ITT pfj 480 78 
ITTpfK 480 47 
ITT pfO 5JK 84 
OTpfN 225 £1 
ITT pil 450 75 
IU Urt 120 48 
I do hop 328 83 

inPawr 264 113 
UPOwrpf 2JM 120 
UPowpt 210 115 
llPowpf 4.12 125 
■IPowpf 378 121 
ITWt 54 15 
Impawn 280 52 

INCO 30 15 
IndlMpf 7 76 127 
IncflM pf 1280 122 
IndlMpf 215 125 
IncflM pf 239 125 
indlMnt 353 135 
IndIGss 158 69 
Insxco M 15 

3S*+ % 

W +5 

17%— * 



33b + * 
57*+ % 
59* +1* 
59% +1* 
44 +1* 

60b— to 

15*— to 
23% + * 
17 —1 

3SMMnNM 230 II 
30b MartM 134 25 
SS MrtMpl 457 42 

InoerR 240 L3 
InoRpf 235 65 
I nor Tec 34 37 
InkJSfl -50 28 
mwsiof *-75 99 
1 r»Ucn 1806 47 

intaRpt 353 114 
InfeRpI 651*147 
InfyRpf 435 133 

Hcp5b 2W8I14 
Inferco 388 48 
intar pf 735 S3 
Inrrfsf 50 47 
Intrfk 260 IS 

IntAhi 72 32 
IBM 440 33 
imcm jo 13 
InlFtov 1.12 48 

IntMki 250 63 
IfMMnpf 480 115 
IntMult 176 62 
Ini Poor 250 45 

intNrth 251 55 
IntKtpf 058 97 
■ ntNtDfJiO-50 47 
InfpbGe 180 28 

Jib— lb 
3**— b 
9 + to 

13% — to 

98 + to 

T7b — to 

27*— * 
7*+ * 
18*— % 
49% + * 
34*+ b 

25b— * 
47% — to 
20 %+ % 
S*+ to 
IS + % 
T*% + % 

B* McrVK -12 -J 
22% Masco JJ 
7b MOflMr » Ito 
15* UaM 150 93 
Zb Massy F 

20* MosCp 2» 11.1 
9% Ma»lnc 
51* MotsuE 55r J 
6to MatM 
4b Medal wt 
16% Motif pf 
9b Maxam _ 

30b MOYD5 172 27 
Mb Mayto 260a 55 
25b McDrpf 220 73 
20% McDrpf 250 115 
23% MeOerl 150 63 
6b McDrl wl _ „„ 
JMcDtd 30 28 
McOnls 82 1J 
McDnD 184 23 
McGEd 280 45 
McCrH 150 11 

JMcKan 250 61 
McLoawt __ 
McNeil JO 35 
Mead 1-20 37 
Mesrux J4 18 
Msdtra 76 25 
Metkal 258 55 
Motion Pi 250 10.9 
MaMU 154 13 
Merest 130 28 
Merck 338 33 
Merdfli 80 1-2 
MerLvn 50 23 

MesaR 1730 55 

31to+ * 
12b + to 
m- to 
44*— * 
140 + to 

12b + to 

19%+ * 
22 *—* 
20*— to 
W*+ b 
6*+ b 
47 —to 
39 +lto 
32b + * 
41* +1 

53b + * 
15*— to 
44 +1 

152 +3b 
34 + * 
16 +* 


77*— to 
19b + b 
3) + to 

12%+ * 


Mte pfF &U 145 
AME PfC 750 145 
MtEpU 132 147 
MfEPfl 8.12 153 
MexFd .17* 57 
MhOlPf 285 107 
MhCnpt 3.19 125 
MctlER 130 85 
MJcklb* 84 18 
MMoan 234 55 
MldSUt 178 127 
MMRoa 180 61 
MWE 250 97 
NllllnR 50 27 
M MM 1 50 48 
MSnPL 274 9.1 

MoPSv 133b 45 
MoPS pf 254 118 
MoPSpr 251 117 
MaPSnf 4.12 125 

Mobil 230 78 

5 s 

SS « 

- 3 S tSS 

7 ^ ^ 

8 501 34b 

22 48b 
34 279 54% 

« ns r 

1 a *45 85 
» M Sf 

1364 S* 
220 80 
17 2045 13 

I2 19 S St 
« S ’St 

5 n* 

10 253 61% 
2874 13* 
3S4 10 
519 32 
7 464 13* 

M 954 Mb 

10 121 «to 

^ s 

14 2063 Si 
10 1149 TlJ 

16 S ^ 

n ss 

12 420 »<* 
226 * 

7 B38 

9 4262 

17 456 
V 506 
9 380 


12 *54 
10 151 

14 1717 

15 54 
34 4549 

5 1044 

0 89 





53 S3 —to 
47% 47% 

Ito Bto+fe 
21* 3Zb + % 
29* 30 
3* 3* 

33 3<b4F 

53to 53* + * 
llto 11*+ to 
16% 17 +to 
84* 84*— b 
63M 63b— M 
51% 51% — W 
78% 78% —4% 
12% 12%+ * 
31 31% + * 

12* 12*— to 
10% 18% 

2* M— to 
25% 25%+ to 

11b 11%+ to- 
61 61to + % 
13* 13* . . 

9% 9*—* 
31* 31*— b 
12* 13b + * 
44% 46* —1* 
48 4M 
39% 39b— * 
22 22 
28 28*—* 
8 % 8 * — * 
» W — to 
- a +i 

45* + % 

39*+ to 

26* +1% 

• sinU 1 


49b + to. 
25*— U 
43 + to 

40% + to 
«5%— to 
46b— to 
35 — * 
2 % - 
n*+ % 

29*— b 




W 11 
12 224 

8 804 
5 2965 

20 133 

7 45 

15 SIX 
14 1930 
7 59* 

7 43 


9 7433 

mStor M 15 
Sir of A 458 72 
SlTpfB 650 127 
TAT 150 56 
TATpf 364 9J 
TATpf 174 9J 
WWr 200 46 
Wot pf 1,43 26 
mHafl 248 98 
TrPr 585* 00 

TrUn 555* 75 
maran 140 SLI 
moOs 80 6 

ifMTak 50 25 

37b 36* 

25 25 

55 55 

24% 21* 
«7to 67 
Tto 9 
74% 74* 
31b 31 
32 31* 

29b 28* 
24* 24% 
1* 15* 

37% 36* 
17% 17% 
15% 15b 
28* 28 
38* 37% 

33% 24% 


29b 23* 
8b 4* 

10* ^ 
41% 34b 
19% U% 
27* 18% 
38* 22 
13% 7* 
33* 22* 

140* 58 11 
300 3L0 W 

275 98 

Mb Mohnsc a 0 16 
8% MoMcDt 
14* Monrcfi 58 48 
40% Manna 250 5.1 
24 MntDU 256 88 
16* MonPw 200 94 

U% MonSt UOdW.1 

6* MONY 50 8J 
36* MooraC 250 25 
18* MoraM UM 44 
23% MorMpf 250 95 
28b Morani 280 46 
75* Moron Pf 787* 98 
26% MorKnd 140 36 
18% MonaS 50 35 
12 MIoRtr lJle 07 
20 Morton* 54 22 
29b Mamas 64 18 
15* Munfrd J® 23 
14 Mwmta 
24 MurpfiC 140 38 
23% MaraO 1O0 34 
lMMurrvO 180 £5 
11 McrtOm 144*109 
3* My*rLn 

60 Wt 
10 24 2Sto 

347 11% 
29 23 19% 

8 3745 45* 
8 90 31% 


53 — % 


33% - 

2% ■ 
I9to + to 

4b + * 
43%— b 

19*— to 

14*+ b 
«S% + % 
30b + to 

o%— % 

20%+ to 
21 +to 
Zl% + » 
33to— to 
7*— to 

7* «to+ to 
24* 35 + to 
11* 11% 

19 19to— .to 

W 996 21* 
40 17% 
■ 142 9% 

13 147 51% 
12 ZTO 23% 
55 27 

I 29T7 47* 
15 00b 
M 41 39b 

•r im — jm 

44* 45* Jr, 
30% 31to : 

* 42 21% 

11 197 19% 

12 M46 29% 
11 4414 36% 

13 57 2S% 

>4 13 10% 

14 37 42% 

11 1000x 29% 
11 34 71* 

47 13% 
45 4* 

30% 31M i»9-. 
21b 21%—% 

SI 51 
23% 33% + to 
27 27 

47 47» + % 

80b 80*+ * 
39 39 — * 
21 % 21 % — % 
19* 19% — to 
ana 3%b— % 
34 Ml— % 
33% 23*+ to 


29b 29%+ to 
21* 21* + % 
13b Hb— .to 
4* 4*— to 

13* 8b 

ao% 11* 

47% 32* 
24% 13% 
15* 11* 
30* 15* 
9% 5% 
14% 12* 
72% Mb 

2DU+ to 
60*+ % 
1K« . 
2i +* 
34 —lb 

SZU l 

44fe— % 
54 +* 
24 — % 

17% 17% — to 
65* 65* -Hfe 
31 31 

21% 14b 
179% 123% 
.48* 30% 
K»* 100* 
17* 10b 
40b 24% 
25% 13% 
36% 19b 
23* 19* 


25*- * 

i2*+ « 
26* + to 

«■ . j 

3Bb 38b 
13* 13% 

life 7% 
41* 30* 
32b 18b 
33* 19* 
15% 9b 
MM 9% 
33 IS* 

fe 23b 14 

to 92* 63* 

«* 34 
15 7% 

41* 30* 
26* 17 
b 33% M* 

to ZS% 16 % 

% 23% 18% 

1* 17* 14 

* 23* 17* 

Hi 35 29% 

* 14% 7% 

% 19* 14 

to 18* 10% 

to 13. 7* 

10% 7* 

* 24% 11% 

I* 27% 15% 

to 25 17 

Vi 24b 14% 

27* 19 
M 43to 

nr* a 

12% I 
4% b 

11% 1% 

55b 35* 
43 52% 

44* 34* 

*4 — Ht 
27* + %- 

27%+ Hr 
MM+ % 
27*— % 
15%+ to 
12* + to 
28 +% 
I7%— Ur 

57* 51 
21* 13* 

41* 23% 
40% 23* 
50b 48 
SC* * 
37* JJb 
TO* 32% 
40b 29b 
J7 18* 
300 99% 

75 47% 

25b 16 
15 7M 
41* 24* 
lib 10b 
12 5 

13% 9* 
59 42 

34% 20% 
42* 34% 
34* Zlb 
45b 35% 
15% 8% 
37 24* 

66 50 

53 3* 

45% 48 
40 50 

30 20 

34 2D* 

38% 16* 
21% 13% 

46 27* 

99* 75% 
44% 32 
M 49% 
25* 21* 
11* 6% 

20 b 


l ST* 

* £• 

150 35 5 
380 38 18 
50 24 10 
3.12 6J 0 
E 2J6 145 6 
M 4J5 136 
Pt 980 145 
Pf 744 143 
Pf 985 W.1 
9 S3 143 
82 25 39 
74 XI IX 
58 3 II 


UK 45 7 
250 55 10 
250 13 
267 1U 
77 99 
1.10 15 20 
i 17 

150 47 9 
232 134 5 
1 736 125 
, 60 47 
' 223 129 
1 154 105 
180 4.1 18 

,50 13 9 
1JN &5 
40 1 J ,2 
400 18 7 
U9 as 
161 56 
276 45 13 

Pf 142 
Pf MO 
pf 350 
Pf 1275 
Pf 838 
Pf 287 
Pf 267 
Pf 784 
ES 282 


41 40 —1 

1 Z% 12 %— % 
39 39%+ to 

21 21 %— % 
19 If — * 
17* 17* — Hi 
21 22 +1lb 

40* 41K— to . 


i\Ia jSSB* rou ndup 

Un 6ftrt &r _ i r. n. 


Page 9 


KW JP* Mm Changes His Bid for Phillips 

1} akj | The Associated Press __ . * 

o ^ M|]n ! MEW YORK — Cart C Icahn m™, common stock outstanding. 

« V M w. « ,;*££“ ^! nts proposed restructuring would raise his stake in PhSli 

BankAmerica Revises Net Downward 

VM **h erfl 


■-.'= Petits 


■-* -:y?**£S 

L"SfflS-s.°a&jis£ paraasajs 


Jhrte-sitpKthai is almost 5S PhMi«%iM not specify what kind of opinion he 

^TvalntPhiUios said Frid.iv ^ L said 77,31 on Feb. 18 it would consider satisfactory*. There 
1° TheNewYork investor'claiMi !£?“ ? T shareholders a condi- was speculation that he might be 
LJwLld^fcrS a^wIrL^ nonal right to exchange each share trying meet S62 a share plus mter- 
^Hit one Quarter of PhiWn^c ** cora f non Sl °ck for a one-year es( back from the company for ev- 
^tStSdhToririni^G 5 P®J e . red J* nia hle ai $62 a share and ery share he buys. ^ 
fjjf** 5 .. ginal, $55-a- bearing 1 5 percent in interest. That Phillips has said that it set up the 

“mv mn»r«l rr, »«. “PV 00 would expire if the rcstruc- defense so any rights certificates 

- — H-J _-||M ._» ® tunng were approved and could be acquired by a hostile suitor would 

«t&s jsssiTBsiSSr 5 -s-iTOKrss- =34 - •»-«-.«— 

^SSIB EIES 3 ‘A a w|^f ,0fP ^* st0 f- “My lender offer will also pro- 
difctf The poison nill tactie i« ^ t0f . c °nld avert the vide that if these rights are with- 

ftfSfc ^med at making a hostile takeover 

tatMUvety expensive. 

Icahn owns 7.5 million 

holder rights and the associated in- 
terest payments only by making a 

or notes are found to be invalid or 
unenforceable. I will accept in the 

n? <ttdh - Mr. 1 cairn owns 7 5 mi inn rash «ri«. ***.. i , * i utusuc la luc 

Stores of Phillips, or 4.85 percent o( .to wnTofito,^ 


spares ot rnuups, or 4.63 percent of the terms of the riehte , — ,7 “ »"*■ 

the conmanv’s stock. OnMnndav i . 01 me “&*“• least 50 percent of the outstanding 

he sSdhewouJd offer to buv The i 1 " a etler lo f^P 5 * which the common stock at a price of 555 per 

ferinin? 1471 nSfltai **• Icahn Mr. Icaho ""**■ u Tbe£- 

S 2 e, half in cash aSThalf in wi^dre^hTSSa Mips shares wiU 

nnfcss ihe co mpMy 2 '££E?S|Sffi£ •“ 

, ? nded 10 off" of 557 a PhilliS stock dosed un 25 cents 

SKhKKK 31 Phillips srodc closed up 25 cents 

rti an adOTtedloew defensive mea- in cas ^ for ^° ul ^ million' at 550.25 a share Friday on the 
plan, adopted new defensive mea- shares, or about 25 percent of the New York Slock Exchange. 

Compiled h Our Staff From Disptt/cim 

NEW YORK — BankAmerica Corp.. in its most forthright disclo- 
sure lo date, has announced that its estimated losses from a complex 
scheme to sell apparently fraudulent mortgages have mounted dra- 
matically. As a result, it revised downward its fourth-quarter ea rning 
by 529 million. 

The revision in the San Francisco-based banking company's earn- 
ings was the result of an extra 558 million placed in ns loan-loss 
reserve, adding to the original reserve of S37 millio n, bringing the 
special reserve to S95 million. 

The revision, announced Thursday, thus caused BankAmerica’s net 
to plummet to 544 million, or 16 cents a share, from the previously 
reported S73 million, or 35 cents a share. BankAmerica’s net in the 
fourth quarter of 1983 was S53 million, or 22 cents a share. 

BankAmericas chairman. Lebed S. Prussia, said in a telephone 
interview that the bank had been conservative in making the new i 
provision. “We don’t want to go through this again.” he said. 

He did not guarantee that there would be no further provisions, 
saying that “we still don’t have all the information we'd like to have.” 

Mr. Prussia said in a statement that the bank had acted as escrow 
agent and trustee Tor pools of mortgage loans that were packaged by 
an unrelated company and used by that company as collateral for 
mongage-hacked certificates soki to institutional investors. 

The statement said the additional reserve was made because the 
bank recently obtained “discontinuance of payments by an insurer 
under financial guarantee bonds covering certain loans in the pool, 
updates on propen v values and problems with titles to properties.” 

(A' IT, UP!) 

Agjp SpA, the Italian state oil with the group's 53 creditor banks plant will be transferred to the 
company, has announced a joint that would not include preference company’s six other breweries, but 
venture with Mobil Corp.'s Mobil shares. Under such a plan. BTR that company headquarters will re- 
OB Italian.! to build a plant for the PLC. which is seeking to take over main in Detroit, 
production and storage of lubricat- Dunlop, would no longer have the TjrfboI u k a British subsidiary 
ingod. Agip said the project would power to block the restructuring. f lh . French aura eroun Peueeo’t 
cost 7 billion Ore(S3j5 million) over Eastern Air Lines has asked the off “ offSSrkei/for 

De P* nn ** lt of Transportation to indc rmite period because car 
Axfaulfa^ a toy, company, has overturn an adminisirative law ^ u |0 ^ taw been inter- 
been fanned by the founder of judges decision to award Miami- T*!hni sanoo uv 

Atari Inc.. Nolan K- BushnelL Mr. London operating authority to Km L^vSr.^ramwheS 
BushndL Axlon’s president and World AinSvs. Eitem said kerc ,hT SL S ^ inderTe naS 

chitf rtfer. ok) d* is no. a bn diftemc b«««n ^ S 

Sunnyvale. California, company the rwo airlines fare proposals, ^navnwnis for the cars, 
will make electronic plush toys and which had been the basis for the n *Lf a * 

programmable robots, among oth- World Airways recommendaiion. Thomsoo-CSF and \ alid Logic 

RCA Cotp-’s RCA As m> Elec- Systems Inc. haw entered into a 
ironies unit will build a comm uni- four-year agreement that allows 
rations satellite svstem for Coronet Thomson, tbe French electronics 
Finance SA. a Luxembourg com- group, to make Valid's computer- 

cr toys. 

Anstnfis £ New Zealand Bsnk- 

RCA Corp-'s RCA Astro-Elec- 
tronics unit will build a comm uni- 

ing Group Lrd. said it has bought all cations satellite system for Coronet Thomson, tbe French electronics 
the shares that it did not own in Finance SA. a Luxembourg com- group, to make V alias computer- 
Austrahan Internationa] Finance panv that plans to bring satellite aided engineenng wore stations for 
Coro, for an undisclosed sum. nav t^le\-i«*on to Fnnme heoinninc sale in Europe. Terms were not 

Corp. for an undisclosed sum. pay television to Europe beginning sals in Europe. Terms were not 
British Telecommunications in 1986. RCA announced. It did disclosed. 

PLC has reached a licensing agree- not give the value of the contract. Turner Broadcasting System Inc 

ment with Bleasdale Computer Rountree Mackintosh PLC said has announced that its Cable News 
Systems PLC to produce and mar- j[ j s buying Original Cookie Co., a Network will be transmitted live 
ket the Bleasdale 6800 Unix micro- U.S. retail business from Cole Na- and continuously to Europe begin- 
computer. British Telecom an- xional Corp- for 536 million. ning in September. The agreement 
nounced. Stroh Brewery Co. has an- was negotiated between Turner 


Dunlop Holding PLCs chair- 
man, Sir Michael Edwardes. has 
announced an agreemem in princi- 
ple to a debt-restructuring proposal 

nounced plans to close its Detroit Broadcasting Inc.. British Telecom 
plant, which employs 890 workers. International and Communica- 
Stroh, tbe third-largest U.S. brew- tions Satellite Corp.'s World Sys- 
er. said production at the Del roil terns Division. 

. . -v Ifeejahifi!^ 

The Rate Swap Comes Under Scrutiny Reagan Plans 

(Contuiued from Page 7) question of how to quantify the risk eluding investment and commer- | 8 Y Rpini'IUfi 

’ - remains. J * L ■ -.ww****^ 

Another concern is that, because larly since last May. 




rWdroo ’» nanny, nun I he *£L* ofl 
branchan ot ttf daw ivem donwCx 
Wp wortdwdr. Cc& im* Bureau. 
London 730 8122/5142 (74 hern} U- 

GBtMAN LADY, rcCabte. M&educ «■ 
•d, soAi ruponobte pasinoa m nan- 



* tbe Gf* 

- :■ 

. . - . rj-^toinsu. 

• • : wccisj. 


; (Continued from Page 7) question of how to quantify the risk eluding investment and commer- I 3X KfilOmiS brand*. onSTden 

volume outstanding at the end of remains. rial banks. has been meeting regu- 

Another concern is that, because larly since last May. /Cooriim«t from Paw *n cjmpaoy ru B«0676ac£fleG. 

Wo expedite agreements, the the swaps business lias grown so He said the the group is about to i«-umumeu irmu mge n mtAwiApy 

commercial banks and inivstmem ra P«fly. there has not been enough adopt a standard document. Me State.” where he lived before 

banks have inserted themselves as d” ie f° r the banking system to Among other ideas, it is discussing moving to New Jersey. imi Fosi^SiTs^ 

die middlemen, receiving and dis- fl dopt standard operating proce- a clearinghouse mechanism where ^^ rKi • Jg«r- »- SX . o ton w. Ggggr. 

dUr " Sy f mmid '- tht.TC would be some stLircd risls J*%E*££ZS7 5S» 

pass-through basis. We don t want some guy in the among market participants. fcctine the distribution of income 91 SJom * &xeau - 

In fact, oneparty is not likely to bond department who does swaw CurremJy in the commerciai- Tte appears 

know the other party in the traits- making the credit judgments," sard banking field. Mr Carney said that . I0 —^*01 bis effort to breraden frS^L o£S 

action. More unporunt, the banks Owen Carney, director of the in- examiners from the comptroller s ^ no[ j us[ t j ]e ^ good, Hom. tx w (0773 29QU.-5 

tell each party to the transaction wslmeni securities division of the office were “strongly urging indi* but of his nartv increasina its an- ^ PAW **• bprw«d. m 

plat they will continue to make the Comptroller of the Currency’s of- vidufl banks to pul eomroJs in the ^ l0 k^er.&come penile Sd 

(Continued From Back Page) 

(Continued from Pace 7) ^gyAGYn* BMOtfttaow<& 

' ^ GBtMAN LADY, refcite. ^6^. 

Me Stale." where he lived before 

cnovmP to New Jersey. the M>y IWa FaahnW. San-' 

. MTtar. l.SXCSo™, W.GentnV 

Mr. Reagan dearly is correcting always a vajlams London < y0y 
his stance somewhat on issues af- bc^mnicn&tdtiimdaVynwh. 
fecting the distribution of income s^olicSS ? 1 agy^ 733 : 
and unemployment. This appears rfiim vni nan t-v^t 8. x y imiiLkii 
10 represent his effort to broaden £«« "o» No* Agency, a cSS 
the awe not iust nf the lax svstem goQd ' Haye - ^ Tlk 2XU4.-5 


~y -»e;. to 
■ ■ 'Jf la: 

interest payments even if tbe other See. hands of tbe credit department and 

party defaults. While that may not occur at the to establish a written policy for 

In a default, although the bank- ^ ^ swap bigness, controlling risks.” 

ing intermediaries are not obligat- ™ ch 25 9 l,bao A Mor S a ° ...^ bc . ^° u,d also 

ed to pay off the principal amami PW Tn*. Mr, Carney said like to see the Financial Atxount- 

ible that what Mr. Rea- 

gan really is doing, where the poor, 
the working people and the minor- 

. • 

■ ' -■ -3 i^osn-,-. 

• • - ir luaji. 

— ■- ijja.tat; 

■ - ' • L:?acta-t 
- “SSKC 
- r Jz'sr. aseas; 
.. ? r >:i!jaE|£ 

■* !_2:i 

' jretp 

■ i.t-srrtafsaat 

- is Miafc 

" • ..'■ _ci ^2HE 

. ‘ ' 


- • : - L l'Ssl* 

. . list rant 

. .-n 

. ? li: 2ii'. ae: 

• . -r- 

..." -■ 'l -i-i riu 
L ;r„?; Op 

'■ '■ • w -:l-.:rs. ess 

" ., . , vj; 

’ • ■*'*:#£& 

- - ri- ■ ? 

' • • " £ 


* ~ * :n "" 

must pay can be sizable. ™y not oc as careiur, are entering 

- r^ J the field. 

If the net difference averages out . „ , . . . . , . 

to 5 percent, for instanc^ iver A s *^ da « 1 ? f nsk control has 

three years remaining on a $100- e®wgedinthemvestmeni-b«iiking 
^Bion debt obligation, the inter- ^?J 10w ? er * “ 

mediarv will have suffered a 515- _ lrst . ®osUm Corp. and Salomon 

tbe case with commercial and con- as much as possible, a rapid mill- 

| BMUSH SREAKMG Sri LanLcn sacks 

ittthisi"** Tet 


Far export to *o US. now amiable 
500 SBC, BheK Pdmno leather, rfl 
opbom. i^Sooa 
500 «. Spared, aea n leather. aU 
c^or*. vS37,CC0l 



Uv^ett Showroom A Inver dovy 
All motet, al modeh. brand new 
^mrlocxi 1. 2008 Antwerp, Wgwn 
Tele V72] 59 05 
Ttc 35546 PHCWT B 
Apply for our colour aXdo aue 
11555 cash 


We Veep a lor ae pedt of 


(2) L0CKHEAD Cl 30 A Arcrdt for 
xnnedexe sole or leaie. low Imw A' F 
& emV (3131 595-1643 (USA), tfo 
1321?AMA [NetforiavfcJ. 


US. iMMIGSATION- GoaraHeed re- 
subs though leaned US. attorney. 
wai be vrsdng European & Akan 
afret dunng April & May. for rrfo- 
LP. Galo^er. Bmr 7030?. Wah DC 
20068 TH' 24S2SI H O DC 


NY ONE WAY HSU Evewfoy N Y. - 
Wen CooM SI39. Pant 225 92 90. 

TO USA FfiOM £119 ana way. 
NATC London 01-734 8100 



Yodnoun' fleet erf SI motor & sanng 
boas based Bodrum ■ from an oma- 
ng SI 50 per penon far two wb 
81-2alOT or telex 268991 for 
brochure. Yodaotat, 309 Bnjmpton 
Rd. KHghafancfoe, London 5VV3, UK. 
Turkey's kxoestfleet of bqrtboots for 
fete or fledtasoAng 

ton Houtes >n quret louttieaa fishing 

vSona. Two to twelve guert $1,295 
to $J?00 per week. A Comefl Unrver- 
sey Hotel Management Coop FanSty. 
Roe & Monone. font May. Alexan- 
dria, Virgin*} 22314. 


33129. Tel: ptH) 6439600. tx 441449. iryode _o ipeod wpy, in twriortnfcie 

mediary will have suffered a $15- „ rsi , ® 0SM ® , and baiomon 
millin n Joss Brothers, which are the most active 

n . . . . in the swaps business, already are 

What bothers accountants and footing their exposure lo audit 
regulator, however, is that there is nsks by requiring collateral on 

little public disclosure of an inter- 
mediary's risk exposure. Among 
so-called off-balance-sheet items. 

many transactions. 

But Keith Wishon, a project 

4VTWUIMI VU~UOUlUhA.-MJIAr| 1IW1 UJ , m t • 1 A 

there usually is no reference to this maiu S er for ““ Financial Ac- 
exposure in the “commitinent s and Standards Board said (hat 

sutner loans. tary buildup. 



Quotations Supplied by Funds Listed 
8 February 1985 

Tba aet asset wotua aaotatians Uwwn below arc supaned br the Funds listed wtnttw 
axoaptfan of some funds whose auotes ora based oa Issue prices. Tbe following 
ntargbiol symbols intffcafe frequency of quotations supplied for tbe IHT: 

(d) -dolly; (w) - weekly; 1M-M rnoat b ly; fO-reoutorty; (O- irregularly. 



500 St. Bjuojnettdfie. bloct leather, o> 

ofAom USS38ma 

28Q St, ArUvoate/fray leathB, a4 

cpfens. LESS 34i_ 
Tel P7H1 740966/747815 Tk 7255% 

raoenf modob BMW. Beni, VW. 
YbAo Land/ Range Rom\ Jty oo e s o 
inducing pidn«L lowea nBooge, en- 

roro OH o Wr nOC30f9- tnaiRTB Loro- 

kdrit. H7 Aobnoken, 2&D VforiC 
Denmark. Tit 37605. Cc^les: 

«OCBS 3000 - M. 1500 km Me- 
■dSc. leather, auto; or ow d bonin ft 
crane corTroi, ABS, etedrie wwidowi 
+ other aim. Europecm specs. 
Ideal for USA oomersion Tel: Bru> 
seh. Bekxurrt 322/ 640 9158 

contingencies’* liability section of banks 316 not 85 insistcIlt on 
the quarterly call report, which colJaleral - 
banks must file with their federal Patrick J. Dunlavy. who heads 
regulators. the swap department at Salomon 

r Even if banks were to include an brothers, said that an indusuy 
aggregate kwdps-rigk' figure, the TgfOiip of major participants,' 'iri- 


Floating Bate Notes 

Feb. 8 


— <d I Equiboer Amerioo 

—la ) Eauiboer Eurnoe 

— Id > Eoulboer Pacific 

— <d i r.mtw 

— t*f 1 Sf nrfcO o r 

~td > CSF Fund 



—Id ) Allan Growm Fund 

— <wj Dtwttrtiond _______ 

— 1»> fif— A merica, 

— Iw) FIF— Euro* 

— fwl FIF — Pndfle — 

— Id I indowex Multibonds A. 
— Id > Indosuoz MuWbonds B. 

— (d ) Sever Bctaoulnoeat-f’. 

( Dollar j 

Itxwr/Mla cM/MoL Canon Hal Bid Askd 
Allied Irish sta-*S 9m. 10-5 UMlWIOBST 

Greet Weslem FlnS^-K lj. 21J 
HUISamud Slo-M I7tV 15-2 

HM5anaN5Vkpet» f* 7SS 
HUeanoAmma>no5W45 Jllfc 344 

AlBed Irish 5*4-92 111* 1W WLISIOea 

Allied Irish 51WP W. S7 mi71H137 

AAiedirUi-pero HU »S ft-TXKAX 

f lBkPCBnilWN I2U »<3 99^5 W45 

die Fin let -M TM 34-2 1000810023 

Comm. Itedwio 5W-M wt M 1BUBNU.1D 

NazLows5«-n HA 2M 1802010030 

Bancs CM Romo -71 PM 7-4 WJO MOM 

Banco 5toSnlr Ho 51WH W. iM fWP (M 

Banco StoSnlr Ho SIWH m 3W »J0 91M 
Banco PMuMffi TOW AM W* 11015 

Bk Ot Greece -91AM n IN TUSMi] 

Bk Ot Greet* -77 9055 717) 

Bk Of Ireland 5IM9 «K 2S-7 1008510020 
Bk Of Ireland SH-93 9 25-7 njs 1KL25 

BIMeatmfSa-W 9f* 2W 1004710077 

3lOt MOatract 5-94 «t. J9-* 1001411024 

BkOtMWttfWdSVrfl Mh 304 WL741Q0JM 
Bk Ot New Tor* -94 OH »4 91J9 WJ9 

BkoiNow5csHonka/«nnk m isoasioots 

Bk Of New Scotia 51444 9V. 1V7 W0J51KU3 

Bk Of Tokyo SW41 U 244 1007018085 
Bk Ot Tokyo 5 , rt-99 if. 294 108,1510825 

Bk Of Tokyo 47 Wfc 29-7 MOI7TO27 

ffle ot Tokyo 5to-toM/n 9fe M »9S5 ioom 

BkO! Tokyo SUrdocSam «, 12-4 WS7HOH7 
Bk America m-M Dh »3 KRAniOlO 

Bmkers Trust 5W-M OH 2M 10CU4MO44 
Banters Tnat5Vr94 9% 13-2 1002010030 
Bn And* l»*e*l Steam n 23-3 93.0 9350 
HU 5-95 f* \7m 1807710082 

1845-99 HW IT-4 1002310033 

S indosuei&I72br4Li/M15-7 MUObU 
)ndeani5M9 Thk 71-3 lteJOiauo 

nL'IMMEurSHtf Hh »J 1001010030 

BkX51b-B7 83* 29-7 99.97 1DOD7 

fflce5WacMS IHk 304 HO54180A4 

BfeePMana - 9V* 2>7 1803310033 

fflw 516-99 IJtV 13-3 IBOaiOBJ* 

BflPRtefS *V» M 1014510195 

Hbo5Vk# 7 in* 2M 99J5 OKI 

MP5Vt-*V» 8% 304 10000TW20 

<K«7VteaUK 9H LW HBJ5101J5 

til Pi -9? 99. W 99 .72 KXL83 

BIW51049 1006 9-5 1DOW1DOJO 

12V5 4-3 1OT.fl0tOl.18 

BSP 516-96 Vte 22^7 9998 UOM 

Ba Paribas -aerp . M iw lauoioon 

Bg WOnnt 51649/94 . 9W *4 lOOMl ^ 

BraavsOMneai5-n n, »r iou31 

prekm Overseas 540 m 17-4 100711 DOJI 

BardayxOwnsasS-perv 109* 1-5 1004418074 

Borekm overseas 544 12*. « lOBJMmu 




Bap 516-96 

Ba Paribas -oerp 
Bg WOrn* 51641/94 

r^v- Pj- 

Bk 81649 

9W 202 1000510015 
Bib 1M 10UBM0.10 

Kina Bate 5tt® dee-99784 9* >M HOL80HB.H 

kina Beta 5H8 oct-W/04 Ilk. 11-4 19U55545 

;Jl- .'V; 

Ccoe 46 
Ca* 51646 
Coca 516-90/97 
cm 51641 
CB>C<WMy> 51696 
ObC 51644 
CarterWSH. 51644 
QteseikWM U fcW 
Ctam 51649 f 
OierataH BK5U44 
asnieulCWUyl 5lb4S 

91* -v-7 Mumaou 
9 » 124 10020 10038 
99 JO 9959 
(M 124 1807010080 
IB* 26-3 1002018030 
9R 7-6 7805510145 
lift. 3*4 1003210042 
107* fr5 W025W03S 
gVi 7-2 9070 9U5 
9ft. 1*4 10027180^ 
9*k 2B5 99J3 UOflJ 
6!** 3V7 1801410034 
Wh 50 99A0 99J* 

0*. 27-3 1002310033 
M. 17-2 9&75 9U5 
9% 11-2 108.1511030 
19* 64 TOOL 1010020 



' / V ■ 

■ j mt 

S S3 WS& 

qjjcnrp-UndmM- 855 154 WJOlfOiO 

dli»rp47 Eft. 304 9942 9W2 

GWMMnbOOkStt-ai 99* 2V2 9»J0 10000 

CbmawR8ooknov49 101% 205 **0151*^ 

Comm llrb Manfreo/ 51641 12% U4 99JJ1 «« 

n alsi6-M« _ t» wr WU0WU6 

Cessna 51647/92 KS* 1M WIWJ, 

Csame 51641 „ M» 64. WOOBIBUB 

Cr*ffllD»Mart516«m «j 274 190211 
CjwSt Fonder 51640/93 T1 W 100331 
CTMH Far Export 51642 91* -1-7 WJdjg OBB 

QrLven 51643/96 


CnwtLvo* 51640/97 


CTwflf Lyon 51^*1 195 

Cnmt Lvencr*99 



Cted Non me 5*640 


Cred H WaSaH-44 


CidnontJoH 5JD4S 

Ote UN Kamo 51646 



On Nante-dec9B 



Otsaier Bank 51643 
Dnsdner Bank 56649 
UnAwr Bank 51642 



prior loti 

prior lad -46 

Ferrorie 516-99 


Qrd Bpdon me 51641794 


risdenvT&as 51646 



Gen&ax* 51647 


Gritinanee 542/94 - 


1146 114 1005718067 

m* 214 mam* 

12 94 1007110051 

99* 47 nasmu5 
99* 294 1D1JDUL10 
9ft. 274 mUlSOte 
9 18-7 lOKWIOOra 

91* 144 (007510055 
V 18-7 lOOflBlOOU 

m» 1V4 HOJima 

. 9 11-7 1060518015 

94. 1U 180801 
m* 252 loom 
Wb 15S W02S1 
9ft. 74 1 00151 0O» 
9% 134 99.95 ’ 

9ft. 194 99J5 
ft. 9-7 1005310063 
1196 154 | 

llVt 194 181.1010120 
99* 252 MB MS 
121* 27* MOITIJ^ 
m, 252 99.S0 HDflS 
B4 l8R72TOOr 
» 1M IjjjUOWOI 

^ stasM. 

H»* 2M W««50 
91* 64 99 J2 9MZ 
a 157 98J7 98J7 
4*. 364 MU51KA$ 

ML U4 1 0031 8860 
71/12114 WLWJ1X 


9 274 10QJ41O0H6 

12 2M 1DOW1D054 
87/OV4 99JET0BJS 

Hydro Ouefiee51*-W 9ft. 257 

mmduiNtes-91 9% 157 

Indone&ld -0W93 12 *4 

lbiSVj-05 W 54 

IWSUmwwBI 1016 »5 

Ireland 5*6*6/99 121* W4 

Reft Irehmd- A* 9W 157 

IW 51645 1016 274 

Italy (RefUrilc) 516*9 m» *4 

C 1 loft 514-47 12% 214 

itiftv 40191 99* 55 

Jrf>. Maroon 5*1-97 99* 152 

K0P--MW2 l*k 14 

K0P5Vteaayf2 IN* 55 

KMnnarfBraa $1641 W* 152 

Kfekmart Benson 516*6 12ft. 27-3 

Karoo ov B* 71349 10 54 

Karen Ejwnang* 7*548 12 54 

LIncoaiSW-W *ih IS* 

LtoytfcJVr»3 HP* 304 

LMVtfsM42 9% M 

LkmJS-41 111* 184 

Ltd JVHuflB 9% 22-7 

Udb5V45 18% 144 

UcbSVHun89 10 1V6 

LKb5W4t n* 174 

Llca51*-«2 9% 31-5 

MolyosiaSK-tt/W «* 184 
8Mhiysla5<6-aprf9/9Z 12 94 

Malaysia S*-dodBfK W 56 
MllavSkl5W4l/93 la. 252 

Man HanO/Seas5V.-U 28-7 

Man Han fWUyl 5%-*6 P* IB-7 

Mot** tAfcStanri 5V»*4 M. 94_ 

Marine Mkdana5*r*6 91* 194 
Marine Mid kind 49 91* 184 

Mellon Sk 516 -M 9ft. 352 

MMCa»15*teW 9 2M 

Mte<aad54f K 3*4 

Midland 516-92 91* 74 

MUkmd9-9! II 35 

Mill and 5 ■» 12% 64 

AUI»IFln5<P-** >B* *4 

Maroon GrenMI 544 9. 11- 

Martaoae Den 5*648/93 129* 114 

ltotwwDcnffi.42 W. 19-6 
Nat BfcDetrpH 51646 81* 254 

Nai Com Sdl Arabia 5W44 91* 7H 
Nan west min 5U4I 91* 157 

NOtt Westmkl 5Vi*C »ft- S4 

Nall Westnln 5*6-94 119* 164 

MatlWestmhi 5W42 101* 254 

Natl Westmin -pern 13* 13-5 
Neslt Dy 51641 IS* 3-1 

New Zealand 5W-B7 119* 5* 

Mew Zealand Steel 51i-*2 «W 3*4 
Nippon CreMtBk 51648 n* 124 
NlrwaCredBtBkSVU V» 256 
NfeVHn CredK Bk 6W46 VK 164 
Nordic Int Fin 5W41 181* 55 

OMlSW-e* W6 »s 

0BiS>*4« W* 255 

0<b--95/89 119* 114 

Dttshore Mtolno 5W-91 99* 44 

Olf snare Mteina- -06 9ft. n-7 
Ptrefll 6V4144 13V: 251 

PkPonkenS -84/91 9J6 19/( 

Ouewoland 516-86 10K M 

Rente 51641 12*» 2M 

Royal BkSsDtkmlSlk-awWm* 1*4 
5a Homo 51*41/93 «* 54 

Sanwo Int. Fin 5*648 lift* 2M 
Sawo 4472004 0% 257 

Sanwo Ini. FM 51*42 12Vr 1*2 
Scaoolnavtai Fin 5l6-aar«lin» 154 
ScandlnavfntFfai5te4*c9]9ft. 214 
Sco/tond lot FKl 51*42 lift. »3 
Snci 51648 p. 

Soot 5448/93 tfc 244 

S.F£. 51689 2? 

S.F£. n 99* 158 

Soame Generate 51646/95 lift 4-3 
locim Generate Sh40 10te M 

Sac Generate Mar 54-M nt* 151 

Sodete Generate S * na v W Wjt M 
Snco 41 Wt 25B 

5P0fet UUwapm) 5W-W97 12% »-2 
Kteadam Of Spate 5%4) »2 

Spate -99 9% 285 

Stand CI»rt5V590 Wi 152 

Stand Cftorf 516-94 »% 87 

Stand g«n 51641 W* 355 

Stnd Chart 516-norte 129- 1M 
Stand Chari -omp m* M 

sioie B« Of im««fc47 ^ fJJ 

SumDomo Trust SUM9* 91* 1M 
Sundsvrflbrtkeni-IS U% ]H 
Sweden 9 41 9* 1*4 

E-eden5%4VB 185 »5 

Sweden -89/94799 9te 

VL 167 

St 51 

Tafta^Asta Ltd 51*41/99 99* 124 

Toroasa Damtefan5j642 m* 1« 

Tore Tn»lS* 42/99 99* 1*4 

Tun SL-94/1U »Hi 7“J 

uSSBk»terw«»49 2»*2M 

ihtt led o.'Setn B* i -8» «* 253 


Wllltams-t-Gfyns5l64l IS* 1M 

world Ban* - -9* 896 252 

ySSomo 51641/94 11% 24 

ZentratesPortdsse5%-91 9ft, 15-7 

f Non Dollar 

Moar/Mln cvn/Mal. Coupon Nad BM AAd 1 
a„, 47 Id* 14-2 99J5IBM5 

Bk Montreol 51594 11% Z£-J 

B» S pj 

gSSK£ , ii sH " tS* ^ 

aatisssm f a 

Denmark 93/95 18 eO 07 

IIJ S-M 1*9* 158 

KteiSont Befotan S 44 »% TM 

mwess-N gj 

wvd 51640/10 

^9dr?5%41/f4 1M 270 

Mini- , 

Sourer : Credit SuUso- First Boston Lid. j 
London 1 

’ <i F im£ PARI5BAS— GROUP 

s « itnrn — < d 1 CorteM (rdermlJonal S 9149 

“ecllTonn — (wlOBLKDM DM 10*2.11 


eaieSS Twl OBLi-DOLLAR S1.113J3 

SFtJSnnS —fwl 06L1-YEN YlML7S9flO 

3F14V0JM- -twl OBLIGULDEN FL 1651.93 

_ SF 2544 — fd 1 PAROIL-FUND S 10176 

_ SF !lJS?-«» ,,A, * | KTeRFUND S104J5 

6 lill— Id ) PAR US Treaeury Band HtUI 


S 1049 RSC Find Ltd 111.19 

— « *3% -Hw> BBC For EtaUFotHlc Fd S10A9 

-Hwl RBC loft Caottol Fd. *2026 

— 5 ma •+**' RBC ion I W CD W Fd S10J6- 

— *1536 -*td)RBCM0ftCurreneyFa 52238 

— JsvS -+1WI RBC Komi Amr.Fd *935- 


— 4w|1oc: BkLw S4.91 Otter — S532 

TfZm. -»"»Acc.:BM S4.9T Otter S5L22 


, 10.980 T7De*onshfr* SaU^ndovBl -3774040 


I.M.I. SA 

Offidd birertar 
for l e l ghri + Cuxeobonfl 




Tet 02/646 55 13 
Tetex 65658 
42 nr Lera, 
1050 Borah. 


Imiedbte DeKwry 
a Mmzedes 500 Sa 532JOO 
|G Fondr 928 5 Auto S34 5M 
Pcoche 930 Turbo SW.9(Jo 
AO Con U& Equnment 


Mnrni, FL 

305-592-9211 Monfri Cafi Colect 

500 SB. SEC, a, usnwfiote defirery. 
M export service. Save money) 

Santo Dommgo. Domkiicnn Hepuhkc. I 


PA/ I nterpr e ter S Tourism Guide 

PARIS 562 0587 

cor. private dxxiffeur guide. spet*s 



PARIS: 520 97 95 

GJ SaeCHON - coJ experience! 

SHBCTION brewf-CxpoH GmbH 

'^g'Sof^ioXwar 1 


CHARC (OfT A CAR. Ptestic* am ' ' 

»JAHC»tr AOUL Prestige cm 
Rot Sprt, ktetcedra. jopucr, BMW, 
fotau an p. btkA cm*. 46 rue Ferre 

322 / 673 33 92 

Pmis. Te£ 720 30 A0. 

Tetex 630797 f CHAHOC 
pw day. Atrtohanw, Fraraenbruisck- 
eratr, 8, A-1Q20 Vianna. Tel 241694. 


TR£X: 25459 

r. da MhUeCrewg 74-82 
1 170 Bnrwah 

Par Dtrecf DaB ve ry 


■ 380 SE.'SEL 500 SE. Sa 
PORSCHE 311 bm A Teifco 
Aotaban-Soed GmbH 
BochumerSr 10CL 4350 Eeddrnohcuei 
Tet 02361/ 7004 Tx I2995/AH5 1 





PARIS 557 56 09 

Snphkfrul . d lady companion 

Segonl, educceed mMrgud. for 
days & <£mn & iravoli pats3ile. 
Paris & ArporK 527 90 95. 

212-765-7793 / 765-7794 

pte for rivar cruse South Frtxice. Da- 
tails: Moral Holidays. 34 Cotetqe Ed., 
Rwgwood, Hotnpdiita, Engtard 

house with aarden for rent from 
March 1st « May 3!it. 1985. 
USSlSOO/month. holy 065/6401 11 

Acadaimas 28. Alheitf 10671, Greece. 




AUveaCAVEAU-PUtLY: Superb 
Swiss style gourmet dining, bar.aanc- 
■"fli braxjJets aid pnvota porta. 
Summer terrace. Let the fondy More* 
setve you al Ihe beautiful Ail View 
Cavcou, 11 rue de b Gore, 1009 
PuHy/Lausome. 021 / 2827 49 


Huntangdon Manna Cunibrirfoeshire. 

toLondan 01^4S^tWf 

mansions or 


757 62 48. TrustM VIP, lady, irauel MUSEUMS MSWIZBlAND OR 


PAHS VIP BEGANT & soohstnsted ^ *" °! men 

pMen PAHS VIP HEGANT & socrfxsbcoted ™ 

_ jssa ffiaaflig agSaggasi 

C 1.183 — <b ) SHB Bend Fund 

SUMO —tw| SHB lidl Growth Fund. 


— <wl Capital inrt Fund 

—fwl CoPfiol Iloilo SA — 

J0960 —twl 5HB Inn Growth Fu 

— 14 1 America Voter 

**S — Id 1 D-Mark Bond Selcd 
-to ioouor Bond Setectk 
5J-SJ -fdl Florin Bond Sateaa 
SOJOS — <d 1 lnienwjnr — — - 

414.77 ^td’affiTlKtonBoSd 




— Hd ) Cancer tra DM24 

—eld 1 Inf I Rentenfond DM 95 

Dunn & HorWtt 6Uayd Geera*. 6nnitU 
—(ml D4H Commodity PooU S30B.12 * 

SF 63035 
. S 12230* 
FL 11837* 
SF 83630 
5F 18*38* 
SF 29230 
SF 126.10 

— —in ) Dnfv.BendSteKt.. SFBSfla 

—<d > unJvenol Fund SF 126. TO 


— <d | Amcd U3.Sk. SF4438 

—id I Baad-lnvat SF a SO 

— (d)FwauSwlesSlL SF 13230 

-id 1 Japan-lav**! SF954flO 

— jdl Sent South Air. SIL SFSOTJ8 

— id ) Sima (stack Brice) SF 19430 


-(d)Unlraate DM42.10 

—Id i Unttomh DM 21 J0 

— (dlunirtdr DM 7735 

Other Funds 

lw) Actlbondi Investments Fund. SXUl 

fwl AcIMtf foil S 1031 

lw) Aaoita i nt emotional Fund— S 18138 

DMM.7* JE> Arab Flnanoe LF. JS3A73 

DMKsi hlArlane S733X95 

. DM9M4 j w ) Trustoor InM Fd. (AEIF) *1034 


5 308.12**- (w) BNP Interbond Fund S 105.77 

land Rover. AE LHD/B®. Best Prices I 
bomerta* defivery. CoB Holtted 


PO Boor 217*. 5600 CD Bnduww 

ul I PO * SO *' BMW - “one CARS I (0)40-413615 Tx 4T3615 HefiaM I HONGKONG / KWUj 3/633^9. 

PARIS 5ZT0T 93 PA YOUNG LADY statuei & patetings from 5 cauntnajJ. 
Why not oommoKate wrrti me in 3 WeAoE^vB fl i teqijrite aah n emunerD. 
lonquogM avon rf I have to trovcR lion. Yaw property wdl gain in beauty 




DO T 8, B*A g yycraort oddranm. am for MCMSKAlFdetaiy 
l0, "„^ 0rt ?! C8 i* BBTSBtVKE 

rawMatiegalpcwn. Because of the Far (hrppfog, taoroKe. bond, 
»ong doCar, you can save up to rnm w wnn in U SA 

USJlWJOO when baying a Mercedes, or DIITE Blf 

BMW m Ewope & miporttng iMo ihe RUTE INC. 

?Sip uP.ISttePt, 7° ™*'. *5f * T<***HMr. 52. 6000 fmkforL 

7000 StuHgart 1, West Germany ^ ^ 

. CAP SWP P1NG A 58 Mg Merc^^E.^^mrfytxite 

As tpoon fae d German cor forwarder Mercedes SCO SL iww. bkx* 
we are reur best cconedion for Bre- Me^Too KL^ t*£ b£* 

£S? * ea/ “ ffn5 ^i^ SS: Mercad “ soo a/sky sec, new 

1 tomj, dwuuu fflnwrBon LXJI / fcrA rvvj miy ofhftn fit 

Corfflac. FrrrwTWy. Sovw 
If needed we cteo beta m purefining. l-vl Bov*-. PryLrSr. JMdnades rmri 

Contort our office m Murvch 
Pefer Uobuhar Tax free Cm. 

. Tk S214751 Tel 89-6576C71 
Wfo ml new MERCEDES, BMW. 

Exeodhm'* Begant Sopteshcoted L UIFEMA. c/a MAYO ASSOCIATE 
Young Cotnponwn P.O. Box 111. CH-1211 GB4EVA 6. 

LObDON. Young German/French alB- 
on» to meat you on yaw v*at to 
London. Tet UK 01 -381 6852. 

Art Service 

Tk 5214751 Td 89-8576C21 f ? 1 101 W WffMgMjPHftE Trcvd Oigintd Ful Color Po*tef and 01 

h> ot new MBffiXS BMW Compmvoi* Tet <93} 61 78 43. an paper done from «kx 

*“*5!?!! “■ S'* SSofcTSoS '^S’^JSSSi 

- — raxxe /s* yo zb. iuu Uwwb-JSra a 


Offer* tax free cm erf low pnceL AA 
mcAes & type*, new & used Fast detv- 
ety.POBax 2050. 4800 CB, BfifllA / 
HolancL Tel |D) 76d51550. fee 74282 

don/Henthrow. Tet 244 7671 

AH TOKVtt 442 39 7V European yc 

Contort: AHM, HandumatJ, 3508 Art* 
BE. Smtzedand 

HONGKONG 3-671 267 yowig lady [ 

-fm> Currency 1 Gold Pool — .S1EL50 — w > aonOtatex-lssye Pr. — _ SF 13M5 

— fmiwlnch. Life Fut. Pool _ *572A4~* [ml Ckmodo Gld-Mdrtaqao Fd *830 

-|m> Trans WorM Ful. PooL *88938 — W{ ^ttoi Froerv. Fd. mtl *11.12 

F&C MGMT. LTD. 1NV. ADVISE K m) CinAuiriZlin c>vr 1 

1, Laurence Fount* Hill EC4.01-423-4&S) d 1 S.t Japm Fimd__ZZ^T S 9^1 

-LwlFGCMtafote S.1J2A Ul ClevetomStteSe Fd.__ * ijran 

eeded we cfa o help Wi pyrt ueing. Land Borer. PonAeTMtades t 
free flitensv® TOo-oroCTwrc. afhor UnjAiq rmic£L 

t V. KOS S^ OH G. Same day rogatrofion posabk. 

IO)sn*^na^vnk 9230963 tG9COVTI5 

I CARS. Fu8 mrvicec mwronce. 

PAHS wn WSONAl/fl 
Atatetf. Tek 82W932 

bated, W. Germ. 


vuSTr® 32 Ar*w«p ferfgwm. JndyjAWWtetern) conyqon. 

Tel 323/668 1260. Tk 32)^7 SOUTH OF FRANCE Young tody/n 

iwj Ffret EQOte Fund. 

— ftelFJCEwrenjan *9M ( w CotontWo Seourltta*^— FL liaTS 

— twl FSiC OrtenM — — S2S32 (b wuiptf S94JL04 

FIDELITY FOB 470. Hom/lfon BertnudO W 

—(ml American Values Common. I78P7 J" SjISrt' S' iStv n S22 

— fmlAmerVoiue*Cum.Pref__ S 100-50 J* &>mmrt. Fd. Inn B Cterts *26.12 

— (d ) Fiddlty Amer. Asset* *4732 * 5 Yds firraasn; ■ j T t« ' " 

— <d 1 Fidelity Australia Fund 6 737* £ nw**nTvSSrt f Sl l .y«iTt > — 

— tdl Fidelity Dhr.5yp3.Tr *12074 * K"S£ r ^S2?J£? nd N - V ~ 

—/a I Fidelity For Easl Fund * 1900 }d gWui Fund itorL— *3LM 

—Id » Fidelity IntT. Fund SS4A5 * *. 3 ^S 

—(d i Fidelity Orient Fund 12*31 “ Trust_^_ JiflB 

-(d ) Fidelity Frontier Fund *1242 }9 

—Id ) Fidelity Podfk: Fund— — *13244* i* 

-tdlFktelHvSpel.GravrttiFd. S1LD0 ° JHI-JS 

Id 1 FWellty World Fund SSOJB* ^ 

FORBES POB807 GRAND CAYMAN (w) Farexfund 5737 

London Agent OV-039-3013 (w) Formulo SateCtton Rl_ 3F77J5 

— <»l Gold income *834* (d ) Fandlmlla *2237 

— iw) Cold Appreciation — SL2S Id ) Goven»rn.Sec Fund* JB729 

— iwl Donor Income— SS36 (d ) Frank FT rust Interzlrn — DM4136* 

—(ml Stratrok: Trading SUB Iwj Houssrnorm Hktos. N.V S1B338 

GEF1NOR FUNDS. !“’ ttS5L. F gSS . ! V&Z 

-}“> — , .usg !b i IS* iffl gSm sa:' zzLjrns 

— f"? gypfite*? WteldFun a 61197089 (d Ilntertond SA *1236 

Z^*. , 5^. s J;* mB r^.-=r-=srt=s.* ,4i<0 (wl imermarM Fund *31433 

CaotLGuULLtd.LacvAaentflf-4914230 lw) inn Currency Fund LW *7*4 


PB 1 19. 59 Peter Part. Guernsey. 0481 -28715 id > Invroto DWS DM_4242 

—to > Fidelity Sncl, Growm Fd. S1438 

Id 1 Fidelity World Fund 63038* 

Mora Rum WorfwUe Cw Sbfopi 

Directly in the fetpo tit - fad 6 refal 
iorviee - full documwitotion 
a^nermecte-SiTvdl^lr. 5W0 
D-2800 Bremen 1, W. Germany 
Tet 042Trt4264, Tb* 246584 

W* Sfopporl 29^50 Towtef Gw 
WBhOwn VeeMfe in 1983 

call MATINA at 

ANTWERP 20 Hnra (3) 234 36 6S 

TRANSCAR 20 rue le Sump. 75116 
Pbriw Tet 500 03 04 Tfefc 8S 95 33. 

I Antwerp: 233 99 85. Cannes 39^44 

CkrkfeiKtrasM 36. CH-8027 Zurich 

Tet. o\rm 74 lo. T«ta. jisni 

10 YEARS 1 

We Defivw Cos to the WarU 


Keeoing a com fo rt Bode of more than 
300 bwmrf new can. 
mofang SOOO.hoppy ™enti every yew. 
Send for free m u f to f u r a ddoo. 
Trmwo SA. 95 NoorcWoan. 

2030 Antwerp, Beforun 
Tel 323/542 62 40i Tk 35afr TRANS B 

sebocft 32241 Inend. Artvmrp. Tefc 
03384.1054 Tk 323trf Tramm & b 
stock hterceta. BMW, ASa 

NEW PEUGEOT. Laid Rover, fcmge 
Rewr. Toyota. 4x4. trap <A speS. 

Brito, Zomeborti IB. Mooraentroek. FRANKFURT. Yi 
HoSand (CJ3D445492, br 47082 Free to travel 

oomponiom. Tefe (93) 85 19 90. 

km. nftittinguoL Tet 27 04 30. 


COUfiCTOR SHIS fei oofiertian of 
Cbnee & Japanese oorvad stotoos, 
iwy, lode, bronx & porcetouv Tet 
(93) 24 1771 Fronca 


dorf W. Gp ir ony. 
434*46. Teiam 888^7- 

free to travcL (069| 44 77 75. 

S w e o ii h c ou ftwni u a 262 7276 


conporven. Porn 633 68 09, 

TOKYO 645 2741. Toumg & shop/ 
P«B gutaei. mrenrettrs. efc. 

oamponkm. Tet (212) 679-5172. 

OAnuhiGnguol hocteBcs/gukies. Paris 
22} 32 4R Credit cords occ e p/ed. 

PARS YOUNG LADY 341 21 71. 
VIP PA » bfaoud interpreter. 

7=- - --- — UMQUE OPPORT1MTES 

tody cDfnparxon _ 2 ArfRlery Gone of the Swks army. 
44 77 75. omi 100 rtxjs old (5 tons each) 

cnPfffiTJCATTt “ 1 "Venora M of foe Sww army 
MW/6 P'«fwty. bed corafiion. 

Aires. Lad 

i and person- ] 

Often please to OTHER 44-130338, 
Mfctoft P.Q Box, Oi-8021 ZlflB CH. 


US UMVBtStTY study program. Bach- 
elor, Master. Doctor: Write BCM Hut. 
hrfo Service. London WC1N3XX.UX. 


GALS MfD GUYS d Mrtinerti wad 




{ml FuturGAM S-A *118.10 r 1 g^AttonH /ft i ra *4*4 

(ml GAM ArpltroBe Inc * 17LS3 }r > * llflJ 

(wl GAMertCO Inc *13230* lw) Japan Selection Fund.. * IMA* 

fwl GAM Beaten Inc S 101 -5fi (y j ? ?m Fgc tpc Fund— * 187-2 

lw) GAM Ermltooe *I2J4 9 fC lelnwort Benson inn Fd. — *a^ 

(w) GAM Fronc-vtd SF 99.440 w) ItVeinwort Ben*. Jop. pp . *68» 

(d I GAM mremattertOl Inc *104*3 d 1 Lelcom Fund — J1A76J8 

(w) GAM North Americo Inc. sioolM w Leveraoe Cop Hold M 

(wl GAM N, America Unit Trust. lOOAOd (d ) Ltoutooer—- — S 157100 

(w) gam P ortRc Inc lv*> Uwteinw. Smaller C«a }J}£ 

Iwl GAM SlBrt. & Inti Uni I Trust. 131000 jw) Luxton rl ...... ,*71-?! 

(ml GAM Syfinrifl inr S 1QSJ32 tm ) MQflrrqtund K.V. S 194.19 

!!?» GAM wESEto Inc. f I law '91 Medtetan um SeL Fd *114; 

(m) GAM Tycho SA. Oom A *11644 |bl — V 11M1* 

Id 1 N I idea Growth Pockooe Fd S9472M 

(w) t/iproo Fund— *2944* 

tw) Nowotec Investment Puna *9948 

IwINAAF *14177 

(m) MSP F.l.T S1S5J8 

(ml Oooortunlrv Investor* Ltd *3447 

iwl PAMCURRI Inc. *1412 

Ir ) Pirtan Sw.R Eet Geneva SF IJP7A0 

(r 1 Permoi Value Fund N.V S L211JB 

(D) Ptelades S14W3A5 

(w» PSCO Fund N.V - — $10408 

(d ) Putnam mri Fund S58J7 

(b)Prt— Tech *93499 

Iwl Quantum Fund N.V. S13774B 

tdl Renta Fund ______ LF3A140Q 

Id > Hem Invest LF uesa 

natiFti&BWP sittMPggs^'M 
5ESSSa" RE,, S!iS8B& **«» 

ild’c^r Bkir=*Wii wSr— *10» ‘“J g»*M. Bonk Euulry HtteUv V l«fl 





Head office in New York 
330 W. 56th St, N.Y.C 10019 USA 




l-35eeteSUI. Hel ter: 053^3401 

£ Id line.: aid. *943 Oder 

eidlCoa.: BM 11024 Otter _ 

*643 lb l UNI CaaltcU FvndT s lB6dP9 

S460 Iwl United Can. lnvt. Fund Lid.. *120 


—to 1 Short Term "A" lAcontu — *14*88 }!} 5JS5L To im2 

— Id) snort Term 'A'lD/strl *1.0034- }» 

— Id 1 Short Term V (Actum) — *1.1091 {"{ Tokyo Pa£ Mold. ISmi) * WJ70 

_ld 1 Sftort Term 'B'(Dlstr) S 0-8464* {"} JokyoW HgiN.V. S1MI2* 

i~i ■ *nm, iwi irmaaocwic Funo — — — . .. >sul 

— iwiLnnaTwm Id I Turquoise Fund *98.77 

JARDIME FLEMING. POB 7D GPO Ho <8 I wl Tweedy.Browne n.u£lossA s 198182 
— (b ) J.F Jopcte Trust ______ Y 4376 lw) Tvmedy^rowne mv-CJoeeB 1 143820 

— (0 1 if South Eost Asia *3023 (d ) UNICO Fund DM7320 

— <t> I J.F Japcm Tocnnoloav Y 22Seo 10 1 UNI Bond Fund S 93121 

— lb) J.F Pacific 5et£.(Acc>__ **43 lb 1 UNI Capitol Fund 1 1060,99 

— (b ) J.F Australia S 460 Iwl United Can- lnvt. Fund Lid.. *120 

L.LO YDS BANK i HTL, POB 08, Geneva 11 [•*) Wedge Eu/Oue N.V S482S 

— Hw) Uoyds intT Dollar S 10490 (w) Wedoe Japan N.V. SB&49 

— Hwl Uoyds Inri Europe — SF 107 JO iw) M tedae Pacific N.V. SS740 

— 4- w) LlDydi Inil Growth _ SFII22J0 Iw) Wwtoe UJ. H.V *5244 

— Mwl Lfovds IM'l income SF JlSflO (ml winaiatar Financial Ltd *9.«6 

— H«) L toy as Inf] Pod ric — SF 141.70 (ml winchester DWairiad—— S22J3* 

mimarben id nworld Fund SA siots 

— fdiCKUBA *9238 fw) WorMwtda SecurHIes 5/S 3to_ *052 

— tw1Cta*B- Ua._ *10156 (w) WorfttaWe Soeciol E/$216. *1,560.1* 

SF 1 "— ^oiSm Francs; FL — - Duicfi Florin; LF — 
Luxembourg Francs; SF — Swiss Francs; a — asked; + — Offer Prlces;b — bid 
ctianoeP/v$iQtoSl per unit; na — no) a yn liable; NX.— NoTConuminlcofadfo — 
Now; S — suspended; S/S — Slock Spill; * — Ex-Olvldena; — — Ex>Rt*; — — 
Gres* Performance index Dec: •— Redemw-PHe*- Ex-Coupon; Formeriv 
worldwide Fund Lid; 9 — Otter Price tad- 2% orellm. Charge; ++ — dally stack 
price as on Amsterdam Stock Exchange 

Tfcte award winn ing e eivtee box 
bean brtund at the tap A mart 
•xduwva Ewart Semca by 
USA A i nteiwte id newt ana 
fechxEng roio and TV. 





Cay free horn OS.: 1-800-23741BR 
CM free from Roridft 1-flOO- 292-0892. 
Lawd Eastern ra l rame* you badd 


TE: 212-737 3291. 

FRANKRAT - PETRA foexvf & Travel 
Service. TtUHff / 68 7* OS 

Teh 56 78 55. 


P orf man Escort Agency 

67 O rttera StaM. 
(radon WT 

Tab 486 5724 or 4S6 1158 



Eecort Service. 

Tel: 736 5877. 


THj 200 8585 




TH: 937 9136 OR 9379133 
Al major o e Jt cedi impliii 


, London Ekot) Service 
IS Wi^rcre St- London W.V 
Al maiar Credf Cbttfc AaapSad 
Tefc 437 O 41 / 4742 
12 neon ■ mxjnighl 


Tab 01/253 61 74 


THj 01/363 0B 64 


Snmtat Ewart A Guide tertce 
Tel: 01/56 96 92 


51 Beoudxxnp Pkx*. London SV/3. 
Tefc 01 584 6513^49 (4-12 pm} 


SSIVKE. Tefc 46 II 58 

TEL 022/29.1 3J 'A 


Service. Tdfc 014027909 

vice. 069/596052 

AMSTODAM: CLASS Escort Service. 
Tet n 20-196758 

WASHINGTON, D O Send* Escort 
Service. (70 3)5*9-1255. 


TEL- 2503496. CSHMT CATOS. 


TH: 01/47 55 82. 


Teti 41 17257 -41 17602 

Escort Service. 227837 


ESCORT SBtVKX. 020-366655 

Ccrofina'i E ic on & travel tervea. En- 

Guide* Service. Tefc 5149340775. 

hmK German spoken Tel. COLOGNE/ BONN/ DUSSHDORF 

f£3Lj± Ewtel Serewe, 0221/124601. 

PP HLco ioqiiHpiiaaj vbma bust escort service 
“ ** r ~* TjJl nyn - 02244-419) or 722432. — 1 

Exdunve escort service. Tefc 0211- 

DUSSHDCHF - Coforaie - Berfin . Bom | 
I 071 1-395066. fcvneta Escort Agency. I 
A# ere* cards. 

i Escort Agency.! 

Escort Seniee 0211/38 31 41 . 

A HSS U Wtert5S e ^bnraTfe«rt MUTdOL PRIVATE Escort Sendee. 
sSS./SS£5S!DOiay9^S Tefc 918132 0.912314, 

VBMA OEOPATRA Escort Senrice. SS*® BCOKT Service. 

■ 1 — let 52-30*355. 


Christino'i tort Servica. 069/364656 "°e 20.255191 


Serwee. Tab 01-373 0211 

322/287 4529 

MUMCH HBSTS Escort + Gwfef fRAI ^V? , !„^^ A _ BCO,rT Sts ' 

Sertnco. Tefc 089/448M38 

wee. Tefc 06968 36 42. 



4 Guta SaviseJat 06/509 2604- 589 
1146 (from 4 pm to 10 pm] 

Jaw BCORT ss 

3C0RT fflpflCE 

Man, FL 33152 

log^uftBaxrravttEW TBBHHEtfUfeR 

JS 1 “ w s S2?f2. BCOI! ' aifcS - te 


Exon Service. Tefc B0/731 J64). Stewce. JfejftngtoL 261 41 42 

axt & Trend Servfta. 069/ 62 8801 Tefc 01-373 8849. 


d service. Tel: O0'557MO 

vice: Tefc 02/520 23 66. 

Escort & Travel Sen/ico. 62 84 32. I P»«^«4158 


Page 11 


Feb. 8 

NASDAQ National Market Prices 

% % 
35 95% 

w w 

MU 14% 

n» •*- 


2S 25% 

s ss 

14% 14% 

IMS 1*4 

% m 

i* if% 
» 4% 
19V. mi. 

991 lit 
3B «% 
239 TO 
53 7% 
127 614 
» 5V4 
56* 1314 
30 1716 
Ml M4 


FMI JOr .9 
RrirLns .16 27 
FarraF 1 

FrmHo I 

FrmG 1J4 XO 



FWkar 260 67 
FMttlTh 220 25 
FHWM 60 23 

FTltrtk 60 22 
Final co 2) 47 
RrMim _20e 17 
Fin ban 

FAJofll 1.12 46 
RAFIn Jt 26 

*=»ATn IM 41 


iS*ii 1?± 
% % % 
414 TO — 
5V. 5% »- 
M M M 
MV . MU H% + 
*% 2044 2M4 + 
10 Mb TO— 
» 34 » 

mb n% i2% + 
W H I t 
12 11U 12 + 

1SV. 15% 1514 + 
W Ht M 
TO f 9 — 
25% Mb 23% +1 
17% 17 17% + 

18% MU 18%— 
1CU 1614 1614 — 


1014 TO M14 + 

mu uu tm— 

7 6U 644 + 
4* 6% *%— 
10% MH MU ♦ 
X 29V. 29% — 

5 * H, Tt 

Bw u av. 

ITO I* 1* 
l*U 10% 18% — 
1*14 MU ITO — 
7% 714 7% + 

32% 22*4 32*4 — 

a* Of 0* 62 

“S u * V- 

12 HU lift — 

I 0*4 0*4 
k 6% 6%— % 
I 5U 5*4 
4 TOb 2V%+% 
k 4% 6*4— 14 
1 9 54 — U 

4 29 29*4 + ** 

5*4 6 + U 

I 15ft 15*4— 14 
l 6TO 51% 41% 
CT4 62%— V* 
.a 29V. 4 *4 
I M U% 4 14 
i 17*4 20 4 % 
i 4% 4%— ft 
i 7% 7%— % 
i 7% 714 
11% 11*4 4 % 
M4 24% 

2TO 30% 41% 

> 77*4 7744 4 % 




iMMiM JD4 

Ilf A M M4% 
6111% 11% 11% 4% 
52 TO 0% 5%— % 

.2 10621% 21 21 — % 



■4 7% TO 
117715% 14% 

6% 0% 
2*4 3*6 
2f% 3M 
25% 25*4 
7% TO 
36% 34% 

5% 5% 
23*4 23*4 
12*4 13 
7% TO 
22% 34% 
27 29% 

15*4 ITO 
11 % 



U.S. Futures fas 

KJoS" S u5 n Open Hloft Low dm Ob. 

Cl iffSS- 15450 


k f 

43 U 


■a 3% 


145 5 


55 3% 


47 4 




14 3 

2 Kb 





268 50 










541 7% 


296 2% 








1757 TO 


5 5% 










13% 13% 

S&P 100 Index Options 
Feb. 8 

e wa - — 
Ml 20*4 2| — — 

W E K 1711 Wl 

m m im m 14% 

IS 94 7k % Vh 

MO lft 4ft fit 714 

MS % 2 3*4 4ft 

190 1/14 ft 11/14 3ft 

TdW aft wotatie M4M7 
Tokal coil aom tot. CSI64 
ToW put «T*jror 71674 • 

towm aomuLason 

KWlMOa um 17942 


DM Futures Options 

Feb. 8 

KGranMarti-DSH marts a* per nrt 

5155 51. 
47.H 47. 

mints and cants 

18120 153J0 MOT IBM IBM 1B5D IBM 4.10 

10640 134.19 Jun 184.15 10690 USAS 1663S 4jOS 

159.55 16086 Sm> 10930 10960 109.00 1*950 

19260 17520 Ok 19200 19200 19200 17240 —65 

EM.5ales 62021 Pnv.Sola 76172 
Prav, Day Own Int. 57 JOS up 1022 

point* and cant* 

20500 14670 Mar 30610 289.15 20240 20465 -JO 

»-4« >2-92 J«? 209.15 20765 20605 =J5 

21141, USB SOP 21620 -JS 

Ext Sale* prav.Saice &S40 

Prev.Dav Open Int. MU up 746 

points and cents 

10665 B2D MOT 10645 M60S 106CB H650 4.15 

10865 9600 JuP 10620 10600 10605 10660 4.15 

11615 9L3S 5«P 1MJS 11635 10935 11635 4.15 

11268 MIX OK 11238 1122D HIM 112.10 4.15 

Est. Sale* 12500 PrSV.Satos 1604B 
Prow. Day Open Int. 11677 up 47 

Asian Co mm odities 

Feb. 8 

USS per ease* 

dot Previous 
WOk Low Bid Aik Bid Art 
fed - n_t. »6T. mu» moo moo 304J0 
Mar _ N.T. N.T. 30180 30X00 30X00 30500 
API — N.T. N.T. 30X00 30500 30500 30706 
Jim _ 36700 30700 36700 30900 31 BOO 31200 
AU9 - tLT. N.T. 31200 31*80 31480 31600 
Oct _ 31700 31700 31600 3161X1 31900 32100 
DK _ TLT. N.T. 37100 32300 33408 32680 
volume: 24 lets oMOO to 


_ _ Hie* Lew Srttle Seme 

fee N.T. N.T. 30060 30X20 

Mar M.T. TLT. 20100 30300 

API 30300 30110 30300 30560 

Jun- , N.T. N.T. 30600 30660 

Volume: 237 lots ot 100 an. 


London Commodities III Metals 

2M0 2284 B 68 

3 g SS xS sa 2 i» ji» 

Prav. Dm DPMI InL 63-48 off 159 
91 JO 8562 MOT 7692 7107 

9130 B» Am 9630 9649 

9640 0500 Sep 89-75 0775 

7637 8534 Dec 8762 8762 

8770 0656 Mar 090* 8704 

0966 8662 Jun 

0706 0706 Sep 

Ext. Sales Prev. Sales 767 

Prev. DOT Ooen InL 13,173 afl 171 
Slmlinaa-Ptsof TOOact. 

71J8 IS.M Mar 90JS 

9688 8269 Jim 9608 90.15 

ms 8653 SOP 8763 8657 

2907 8608 DK 88M 88B7 

8968 8610 Mar 8151 8869 

89.15 B6J3 Jun B.18 M 

8604 0708 S»P *707 0808 

8957 8703 Dec 

Est.Soiei Prav. Saha AJH 

Prav- Dm Open intl06S38 afl»67 

9006 7105 
9006 9646 

8955 199 3 
8962 8766 
■754 8702 

9ff 9B 
£S IS 

■67 8667 
8L18 8633 
8705 8603 

Commodity Indexes 


Moody'S 97050 1 

Reuters Z020JM 

DJ. Futures 125JH 

Com. Research Bureau- 24560 

Moody's : base 100 : Dec 31, 1931. 
p - preliminary; I - final 
Reuters : base 700 : Sep. 18. 1991. 
Dow Jones : base 100 : Dec 31. 1974 

Feb. 8 

Figures In sferilno Per metric ton. 
Gasoil to UX dollar* per metric toe 
GoMin U5. tWIcre per own*. 

HhJb Low 

Mar 11688 11180 11280 12180 11680 11780 

May 0600 11960 12068 12080 12580 12560 

AUB 13460 12660 12960 0980 13X80 — 

Oct 14120 13660 13780 13680 16200 M260 

OK N.T. TLT. 14690 14520 14760 14860 

Mar 15760 15960 15980 18020 14260 1069 

MOV 13040 14460 144 A) 16460 14760 17080 

260 MS of 58 toes. 


Mar 2826 1211 2235 1337 3813 2215 

May 2840 2827 2857 2832 

Jhr 3835 2812 Z2X7 28S0 1211 2813 

Sep 2815 H90 2803 2808 X191 2,192 

DK 2853 2837 9/0* 2840 2844 2847 

MK 2830 2JB0 2818 2825 2822 2030 

May TLT. N.T. 2800 2815 1880 2820 

X5M MS of 10 tans. 


Otar 2844 2850 2850 2854 2870 2875 

T SS Et %£ 13 S %% 

Sep 2618 2600 260$ 2610 2620 2621 

NOv 2638 2620 262$ 2629 2639 2640 

Jon 2625 2625 2620 2628 2635 2634 

iOndon Metals Feb. 8 

Figures In staling pot metric hm. 
Silver in pence per tray oonca. 

Cash Prices Feb. 8 






COM ex: 
XC 8 T: 

Oveooo Bead of Trade 
CMcaso. Mercantile BxctwtM 
International Monetary Market 
Of CM COM Mercantile Exchange 
New York cocoa Sueor, Coffee Exchange 
Now York Cotton Exchanoe 
Com mod By Exchror. New York 
New York Mercantile Exdionge 
Kansas City Bna of Trade 
New York Futures Exchange 

Otar 2844 2858 2850 2854 2870 Z 375 

T 3S 13 S3 SS 3S 

Sep 2618 2600 260$ 2610 2620 2621 

Nov 2638 2620 262$ 2629 2639 2640 

Jon 2625 2625 2620 2628 2635 2634 

MOT 2620 2620 2610 2630 2629 2630 

2844 MS el Sion*. 


Feb 245.73 23675 34450 24550 23785 23600 
Mer 23050 22485 229 JS 23080 23400 2248S 
API 22185 21900 22050 2085 21850 217.00 
MV 21608 21485 21780 2T78S 21450 217J5 
Jun 21*50 21450 21580 21780 21X50 2U80 
Jfy 214jD 21450 27X00 31480 21180 21580 
Aua N.T. M.T. 21180 22180 21180 22080 
Sep N.T. ILT. Z1180 22580 ZIIBO 22280 
Oct N.T. N-T. 21180 22880 21180 22480 
2634 lot* Ol NO tons. 


Old MNMI N.a Nil SLA. HA. 
» loti of 100 tray az. 

Sourer*.- Rrvtors aod LM&n P*frtritum Ex- 
ettangt (gasoHi. 


nawokiD in 16 pages 


Wok erode copper cathode s : 
spot 184780 184600 
3 months 18050 187080 
Copper erthodes: 
seat 184200 184580 

2 month* 18448B 184480 
Tin: spot 9.93580 784580 

3 months 782600 982580 
LeadiSBOt 33780 34080 

3 months 34400 34450 
Zinc^POt 75450 75550 

3 m ont hs 75780 75750 
SUvWJWOl 545X0 54480 
3 months 54380 54350 


spot 79580 79480 

3 months 182788 182750 
NWceCoeat 4. 5 3580 454580 
3 months 48V80 45BS80 
Souret: Reuters. 

Cemmodnv and Unit 

Prtntdolh 44/30 38 %.ytf _ 

Steel bflMi (Pitt), ton 

Iran 3 Fdry. PMla, tan _ 
SlsH scrap No 1 hvy Pitt. - 

Load Spot, lb 

Copper elect- S 

Tin 1 Straits), lb 

arte, E. St. L. Basis, lb 

Poltodlum, oz — 

silver N.Y.e 8 

Soanes.- AP. 

M iST 
oil i§ 

47380 45380 

21380 21380 

7760 96-97 

70-21 34-20 

£S "SB 

127Q34 15wS 

97480 97780 

180980 180950 
464080 467600 
480780 451080 

Dividends Feb. 8 

Paris Commodities 

Feb. 8 

Sum in French Francs per mftrfc ton. 
Other floures In Franc* per 100 ka. 

'HUi Low apse 

1380 1340 1J70 1375 

1^5 1613 1615 1620 

1510 1690 1500 1503 

1570 1540 1548 1573 

NT. N.T. 1530 1550 

Mk 13S0_ 1745 1545 1355 

at JP ions. Prav. < 

sales: 1695 tors. O p en Interest: 26402 

Mar 2605 2305 2390 2605 

Wnr 2635 2612 261$ 2625 

Jlr N.T, N.T. 2370 — 

SOP TLT. N.T. 1340 — 

Ok ILT. TLT. — 22ft) 

Mar N.T. N.T. — 2330 

N.T. N.T. _ 

IB tofe of 10 tom. Prav. i 
safes. SO lets. Open Interest: 1850 

Mar 2541 2545 2545 2549 

MOV 2545 2545 2553 2554 

Jl7 TLT. N.T. 2570 2590 

Sea N.T. N.T. 2570 1400 

NW N.T. N.T. 2570 2510 

Jan TLT. N-T. 2^0 2506 

N.T. N.T. 2570 1909 

5 lDn *- Pr * v - a 

Kies: 15 lots. Open Intarast: am 
Jourw; flows* dUC w nniere ft . 

Page 12 

l Sword's old 
6 He commits 
grave crimes 

II Pyramids' 

16 Tendon 

17 Designer 

dela _ 

18 Northern 


20 For nudists 

22 For South Pole 

24 Taylor, to 

25 Cornwall's 

26 Hannibal's 


28 Manageable 

28 Wood trimmer 

31 Site of 
Phillips U. 

S3 Origin enders 

34 Odd, In 

35 Bobs 

37 Kind of rocket 

39 Hikes 

40 More huggable 


X Asked 

2 Ossuary 

3 Munich's river 

4 London's 


5 Bankbook 
8 Vt. product 

7 Former White 

8 People 

10 Freedom 
II S-A. mammals 

12 Spreads 

13 Hands 

14 For frustrated 



41 Abounding In 
marsh plants 

43 Coast 

45 Carrousel 

46 "Yes, ,” 

by Sammy 
Davis Jr. 

48 Scuppernong, 

49 Vex; fret 

50 For certain 


55 For baiters 

58 Omnipotent 

60 Whalers' get- 

61 Compensated 

63 He 

64 It's west of 

65 Pilsener 

67 Choleric 

88 Can 

68 Kind of ball or 

71 cleaned the 

73 " live and 


74 Emulated 

76 For Angelinas 

78 For bird 

81 Bat 


15 British royal 

16 Repress 

18 “NO, 1" 

20 What a toaster 

21 Causes of 

23 Comes close 

27 Homer 

30 More nervous 

32 Extend the 

36 Conventicle 

38 Willow 


82 Japanese 
merchant ship 

83 Stoke 

84 Spillane'9 

87 “Make 
mine " 

96 Bauble 

94 E.T., e.g. 

95 Shake 

96 Shows 

98 Mattie Silver's 

99 Powder 

100 Upright 

102 One of Lendl's 

104 Diamond inits. 

105 Ostrich's 

106 Marbles 

108 Soho fireplace 

110 Goddess of 

Bumper Stickers by berth, kruse 

m2 is i4 is 





'crabby LOOKS TARE£h 
lot OF PRACTICE .01 

111 Finishing 1's 

113 For bonbon 

116 Native of 

117 Manifest 

118 Flaherty 

119 Turn up one's 

120 Infants, in 

121 Hindu land 


40 Auto of then’s 
42 Dit's pal 

44 Gore 

45 Like Mr. Fix-it 
47 A Russian 


49 Villain 

50 Alpenstock 

51 One of the 400 

52 Treasure 

53 Gog's 

54 Sign-off 

55 Chaliapin and 

SO A Dryad or 




































wmn voun ) 

. , ON J 

VVHO, W 6 

UffHUM 9 

f*A u MP 


* 5 c 

% / 


it's just 
mV : 
heart . 

© New York Times, edited by Eufpm Malesku. 


57 Strains 

58 Charles xn 

was one 
62 K2, for one 
65 President of 
Texas: 1838-41 
68 John Drew co- 

70 For foes of 
road hogs 
72 Column style 
74 Durant's "The 

75 Misrepresent 
77 Spotted 

79 Australian 
hardwood club 

80 C.P-A. 

82 Event for 

S alazar 

84 Loathed 

85 Los iN.M. 

86 Great, ruined 
Asia Minor 

87 Spanish length 


88 Rodeo tools 

89 Frye activity 

91 Type of sofa 

92 Train name 

93 Stall 

95 Central Park 

97 Bay of , 


106 Preacher’s 

101 Sabbatical 


103 U.S. painter- 
etch er- 
ill ustra tor 

107 Explorer 

109 Purvianceof 

112 Ending for 

114 Palindromic- 

115 Kippur 




By Anita Brookner. 184 pp. $13.95. 

Pantheon, 201 East 50th Street, 

New York, N. Y. 10022. 

Reviewed by John Gross 

cctt OTEL DU LAC* is a novel about romance 
Al and reality and the gap between them — 
which is both comic and mekmcnaty — and die way 
the need for romance persists in the full knowledge 
of that gap — winch is both melancholy and comic. 
It has a good deal to say about loneliness and 
vulnerability, about sensitive losers and insensitive 
winners; it takes a wan view of the career open to 
“modesty and merit** (“very poor cards to held," as 
one character observes). In the abstract, it could 
easily be made to sound like a study in shades of 
gray. But that would be to take no account of the 
writing, which is witty and energetic, or of the 
storytelling, with its cunningly timed disclosures, or 
of the piercing accuracy of the book’s observations. 

When we first meet the heroine, Edith Hope, she 
has just arrived at the Swiss hotel where me has 
been dispatched by her friends in London in order 
to recover firm an "unfortunate lapse." Exactly 
what it was, we do not learn until later, but they 
clearly fed it will be better for her to be out of the 
way until the whole affair has blown over. She will 
also be able to get on with her new book, “Beneath 
the Vis ting Moon” — for Edith Hope is a novelist 



She is a fairly successful novelist, though not a 
wholly serious one. People often tdl her that die 
looks like Virginia Woolf, but by the sound of h 
there is nothing very WooffUke about the romantic 
fiction she produces under the “more thrusting 
name” of Vanessa Wide. (That the initials are the 
same as Virginia Woolfs simply points up the 

She is quite dear-sighted about what she is doing. 
When her agent urges her to kern up with changing 
trends in the fiction market (“Irs sex for the young 
woman executive now”) die insists that she has no 
choice but to remain lojnl to “the most potent myth 
of all.” that of the tortoise and the hare. Hie basic 
appeal of her books is that it is the "mouse-like 
unassuming girl"— the tortoise— who always gets 
the hero, rather than the scornful teem tress. 

Needless to say, she adds, this is a lie. " To real * 
life, of course, it is the hare who wins. Every time. 
Look around you. And in any case it is my conten- 
tion that Aesop was writing for the tortoise market 
AxiomaticaHy,* she cried, her voice rising with en- 
thusiasm. ‘Hares have no time to read. They are too 
busy winning the game.’ " 

As her excitement suggests, she is far from de- 
tached. Fiction may be a form of consolation, but 
no amount of disenchantment about hares and 
tortoises is going to make her abandon her own 

Solution to Last Week’s Puzzle 

I BEH3HD □□□□□ □ □□ OmCJG 

□ □□□□ □ □□□□ □□□□ □ □□□ 
□□□□□□□□□□□ □□□□□□□□□ 
□□□□□ □□□□□□□□□□□ 
□ □□□□ □□□ UUU ODD 
□□□UDDOD □□LILT □□□□□□□ 

□□□ □□□□□□ naoD □□□ 

□□□□□ □□□□□□□□□□ □□□□ 
□oekjuuli □□□ aau □ □□□□ 
□□uu □□□□□□□ uuau 
□□□a uuuu □□□ □□□□□□□ 
□□□a □□□□□□□□□□ □□□□□ 
□□□ uuaa □□□□□□ □□□ 

□□□□□Da □□□□ □□□□□□□□ 
□□□no □□□□□ onauuu 

□□D □□□ □□□ DG0QO 
□□□□□□□□□□□ □□□□□ 
□□□□□□□□a □□□□□□□□□□□ 
uoau ■!□□□ □□□□□ EQOOO 
□□□□ DDO □□□□□ □□□□□ 

romantic ideals. When she is finally challenged by a 
thorou g h g oing skeptic, who points out how much 
easier it would be to go through life “without a huge 
emotional investment,” she can only reassert that 
she finds love a necessity — a necessity for living 
well, that is. In its absence, “I feel excluded from the 
tiving world. I become cold, fish-like, immobile. I 

At the hotel, however, the whole aim is for her to 
live quietly, to take at least a temporary respite from 
the demands of the bean. It is suitably soothing, 
suitably doll; but in no time at all she finds herself 
first speculating about the other guests, and then 
being drawn into their lives. 

There are the brassy, well-to-do Puseys, an ash- 
blond mother of indeterminate age and her grown- 
up daughter, “the same model as her mother but not 
brought to the same state of high finish.” In Mis. 
Pusey, Edith perceives “avidity, grossness, ardor” 
— and she is fascinated. There is “Lady X,” who 
seems to have had some kind of breakdown, and the 
unloved, pug-raced Madame de BonneuiL And then 
a man shows up — Mr. Neville, who owns a fine 
Regency Gothic house back in England, and who 
preaches a firm line in enlightened selfishness. 

It is not only the Regency Gothic house that 
makes him seem rather like a character out of Jane 
Austen. Whether or not be is in want of a wife (a 
second wife— his first having nm off with a man 10 
years her junior), he is undoubtedly an object of 
■ interest to the female guests, and his presence sets 
off a wave of new possibilities for Edith. As she 
confronts them, we learn more about the past that 
she has never really left behind, and about the 
significance of the letters she keeps writing lock to 
London. The last surprise is not sprung until almost 
the last moment 



0OT H£ cAfi lOCf UP W /fflNPj 

| mrcorcu 







—r MARTHA - ? TCo 



° ° «* ° fa 






n he wont be jn 


V f } V 1 HELP you-? 

In a time when so many' novels are heavy and 
coarso-Ebered, “Hotel du Lac” is satvsfyingjy ur- 
bane. The atmosphere of the hotel itself is deftly 
established; the characters are confidently drawn — 
with a fine sense of comedy, for the most part; every 
word is made to tdL In bar three earlier novels — 
"The Debut,” “Look at Me” and “Providence” — 
Anita Brookner staked out a distinctive territory; 
now die has enlarged its boundaries, and made it 
clear that she is one of the finest novelists of her 



'Well, at least they ejidn^t rnd our what 



Page 13 





^BA Standings 



w L Per. Go 

41 9 JOB — 

PWtodetaWO 39 10 . 7*6 1 1-3 

wnshtarton 28 24 S3* u 

Aowjonev 24 H mb n 

EwrYerk M 33 JB3 2JV* 

CMtru OfvMoe 

Mllwortuso 04 17 447 _ 

Oatralf 30 to 41 : j 

Chicago 74 2 S | 

AMonto 31 TV .420 13 V, 

Oovrtood U 33 J27 17 

M 3 * JM 17 V: 




•Mamma Dtvttip* 
31 38 












Son Antonio 

2 S 



5 Vi 





7 Vj 

Kamo* aiv 



J 27 


t*. Uteri 

PMflC Dtvtaton 

35 16 

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14 V 3 

GqMm State 





College Results 

y >ja'i i 



3* 30 M Jl— W 
P9***M« H N 11 3«-100 

Free 12-235-729, Hubbard l-UM 20,- Jonfen 
8-17 7-1 23. Moriridgo 3-16 3-5 20. ItaMowb-. 
Cntoogo5*(WpolrWpe 111; Cleveland 58 (Pa- 
quatio Ml. AMh; Chicago 23 (Jordan 7i: 
Cttvotaml 30 f&ecHRv 13). 

21 13 33 35—105 
M 23 2f 33-113 
- Sommm 17-2* M2 42, McCray 8-10 M3 2S; 
wfcffofMad US 6-4 22. Flora 5-17 3-11 19. R* 
feMWdu Count SMM 41 15mWhl4>; Houston 
St. Uoiwson IS). assists: Golden Slot* is 
IC W. Floyd 71; Houston 32 (McCray 01. 
uSCBtmn 20 33 24 J*-M 

SOD Antonia 34 33 37 It— TO 

Garvin la-24 3-523, Gilmore V-1S4-7 22; Dat- 

ortdwa M3 7-8 23. Cage 0-13 3-7 13. Rebounds: 
L-A. Otoptri 40 (Donoktson 121; Son Antonio 
71 (lovoronl w). Assists; LA. aiooors 26 
Mixon Hi; San Antonio 30 (Moore nj. 
Oh* 28 13 77 IS— 1M 

tours dry 1) 2* 27 20~ 94 

' Dtmnov n-34 W-14 34. Griffith 13-23 3-4 27; 
Drew MS 3-4 21, Woodson 7-14 5-4 if. R*. 
boeade: Utah S4 (Eaton 17); Kansas aiv Si 
(Thompson 151. *>Xm: Utah 34 (Crum 11); 
Kansas City 28 IThoul 11). 

28 31 17 37 13 18-124 

31 34 14 M 13 13-138 

Molone 13-35 1-4 3ft Gus Williams 11-27 2-7 


Army 80 . si. Fronds, Pa. 72 
FOk-Moh DtctOnsan S 3 . LoyaM. Md. 41 
Fairmont Sr too, W. Virginia SL 31 
MmsacnuMtis ». 5 i. Bonavonluro Si 
Nertnoasleni 54 . Co (Bate 45 
Pcm Sr, SB. Rhode Island 54 
«. n»«ffs 64 . George Washington 40 
Twiwto 69 . Rutgers 58 


Ala.- Birmingham Ba Joekson SI. 57 
Georgia Southern 77 . Georgia sr. 50 
Kentucky 68. UcmdartRi S2 
Kantucfey 51 . 41 Camabeittvfilo 40 
Lewtsiana Tech 86 . TexavAHinglon 61 
M«dh» Twin. 60 . Tennessee U. 59 
North Carolina 81 Virginia 73 

Indiana 58 . Wisconsin 54 * 

Michigan 9 $, Purdue 84 
MKMoaa 51 . 64 . Illinois 56 
Ohio SI. 61 Northwestern 60 
WlChllO St. 80 . S. Illinois 86 
Texas- El Paso 48 . Utah 54 
Arizona 6 ft. Stanford 54 
Arizona SI. 61 . Californio 60 
Cotorodo 71 town Sl 78 
New.* Las Vegas 97 . Pacific 72 
New Mexico 76 . Brlnhom votes 74 
San Diego St. 75 . Colorado SL 72 
Son Jose St 69 . New Mask* Si. 53 
southern Cal 61 . Wa s hington SB 
Washington 5 t. 66 . UCLA 5 B OT 

*~f 12;Jt 

- :B *aaK«t 
; ^ * Utan 



NHL Standings 

Patrick Division 

Mi Bane; 
-v-rsr.. ih* effic,; 
is omafe 
: - tswraig; 

-• >sm$ 


- -:~r=i:t fen Ira; 

ifidence V<* 

i-.r ? «r-y Utir 
. Jews Usuaa 

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2~-. !3S Silas 


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Pit. Isfonders 
r? 5 Ranger* 




















New Jersey 








Attms Dtolto 


































17 * 


Norris DMsioo 

SL Louis 

„ 24 


































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La* Angelo* 





18 - 




245 - 




N.V. Robb an 2 3 8 

N.Y. (stamen 1 3 1-7 

Bossv 3 ( 431 . Kollur 2 15 ). B. Suiter ( 341 . 
Gilbert ( 13 ).- LoRouche ( 19 ), Rogers 2 ( 17 ), 
Sendalram ( 28 ). Mdberg 111 ). Shots oo goal: 
N.Y. Rangers (on Hrulev) 13 - 10 - 7 — 30 ; N.Y. 
islanders ran VMbfesbraukj 8 - 14 - 13 — 3 S. 
Montreal 1 3 1—5 

OMtwc 0 3 5 

Camay U 2 l.Tureone IS). Milan ( 13 ). Rntoto- 
son ( 8 ). Nllan ( 14 ); Ashton 2 (IS), A. Stastny 
( 29 ). Goulet ( 351 . Shots on goal: Montreal 
( Gaswfln) 12 - 7 - 8 — 27 ; Quebec (on Penney) 18 - 


LM ADtmos • 4 * 8-4 

nmaderaia 3 2 s b— t 

Mokosak ( 3 ). Engblom ( 1 ), Nlchoits 2 ( 351 ; 
Mowe ( 13 ). Pmw ( 38 ), Poulta ( 15 ), Ron Suiter 
( 17 ). Shod oa goal: Las Angeles (on Umt- 
berah) W- 9 - 4 - 7 — 27 ; Phlkxkitahta (on Eliot) 
11 - 12 - 12 - 4 - 34 . 

Figure Skating 

Hertford 1 1 1 -hS 

Burstoo 1 3 3—7 

■ Crowder ( 22 ), Bounme (12). Lukowlch (6). 
p-comon (14), MMUiaton (17), Reid Oh L)n- 
setmm (171; Dlmen 2 (101, iMocOermld (2). 
Tnnwon (19), Malone (12). Shots an goat; 
Hartford (on P o rten t) PM— 25; Boston (on 
MUtan) n-MO-OS. 

SL LOUIS 1 I 3 0—5 

potrolt 2 3 a 0-5 

. . Pashnrskl 2 ( 15 ), Anderson (*), Louie ( 4 ), 

r.:-'- .- - ^-'^'Tttckefihefser ( 17 ); Oorodnlck ( 34 ), Gore 
\i 5 ). Lotoeflo ( 4 ), Fool or ( 8 ). KJslo ( 14 ). Shots 
on goal; SL Look (on Mkalefl 14 - 0 - 17 - 2 - 41 ; 
Potrott (an Womslav) 8 - 15 -H- 1 - 3 S. 
Pltt s bo og h I 2 0-3 

Row Jersey 3 1 3-4 

Gagne ( 18 ), Meagher 14 ). Lover ( 7 ). Lewis 
( 2 J, Bridgman (M), Driver ( 9 );Lomleux 122 ), 
pioMan ( 27 ), Young ( 79 ). Shots oagool; Pitts- 
burgh (an Reach) 9 - 7 - 9 — 25 ; Now Jersey (on 
Romano) 13 - 11 - 9 — H 

offered Frerf 

r II iilic 

.. 2 ; JCSiS 

• r (At Calobarg, Swedm) 

— - latter tree skating section) 

1 . Katarina Witt East Germany, M Mace- 
meuts. % Kira Ivaouwa. Soviet Union, 16 . 3 , 
OowBa LoWtwr, Wat Germany, 6 i 4 , Si- 
mona Koch, East Germany. 106 .S Amo Kan- 
droshoviL Soviet Untaa 1 R 4 . i> Natalia Lebe- 
deva. Soviet Unka 14 JL 7 , Ctawfla VIDfoer. 
Swttserlimd. 154 . 3 , PatiTctaNeskO. West Ger- 
many, 1 S 8 . 9 , Agnes Gauoila France, 17 JL 1 ft 
SaSanne Jackson Britain, 224 - 

(After original »t pattern) 
l» Natalia Bostemkmam and Andrei Bukin, 
Soviet union, 1-0 placement. 1 Marino KIF 
mown and Sergei Ponoma re nko. Saw let union, 
2 A.X Karen Barber and Nicky Siator. Britain, 
34 . 4 . Petra Bom and Rrakier schoenbam. 
West Germany, U. 5, Natalia Annan ko and 
Genrikh Snrtensky.Savtet Union. SAL IsataeF 
la Midwll and Raberio Prtlxzata. Italy, 64 . 7 , 
Kalhrin Beck and Chr Waff Beck, Austria. 46 . 
ft Jlndra Hola and Karol Fol ion. CzectiosMvo- 
Ma. U. 9 , Klara Engl and Attiia Toth. Hunga- 
ry. 9 JL 1 ft Sharon Jones and Pout Asfctwm, 
Britain, lift 

. : 

-^r:±i£ £S : 




! Amertcon League 

i BOSTON— signed Jackie Gullemn. shart- 
kton, and Mice Brawn. Pitcher, to niMMyear 

'CLEVELAND— Signed Julio Franca short- 
stop; Brook Jacoby, third batamenvand Rov 
Sndlh, Jarrv Udlixr and Jim Shxv, pitchers, to 
one-year contracts. 

* MINNESOTA — Signed John Butcher, pitch- 
er, tea aneriW' contract Reached 0 contract 

oareeme n l with jeft Retd, catcher. 


: MONTREAL— Stoned Tim Catea JMw 
Dppson, and Floyd Yeamon* oildtore. and 
(?enaCofizoteiAI Newman and LirfS Rivera. 
x#. MfMdera 

-* -PHILADELPHIA— Traded A) Otlvw. First 

baseman, to Los Angeles For Pot Zocnry. 


National Basketball Association 
CLEVELAND — Activated Edgar Jones, 


NuMaaal Football Leone 
N.Y. GIAN TS— Named Bill BeHdiJck defen- 
sive coonttnafor. 

ST. LOUIS— Named Owck Banker running 
bocks coach and Dick Jamieson olfonslve co- 

United States Football League 
JACKSONVILLE— Ci/fMotf Robinson and 
Ben Bennett, quarterbacks. Signed Terry Le- 
Count, wMt receiver, to o hwvoar contract. 

LOS ANGELES— Named mchard 5 . Ste- 
vens Chairman of the Board. 

The Champions: Some Keep Winning 

»; Long m -28 84 28. Thomas F27 6-9 25. Re- 
btemds: Detroit 74 (Laimfitor »l; WBstiing- 
ten 721 Ban ordiei. Assists; Detroir 48 (Tham- 
os 24); Washing ton 3* (CwS Will lams IB}. 
Attente » 17 20 M 

*«Mmnken UMNO 4—71 

Wilkin 8-25 4-4 22. Can- 5-15 6-7 16; Cum- 
rntog* *-11 14 it, Moncrirt $-14 7-t T7. Ro- 
Bownds: Aiicnto 65 (WiuJn. winis W); mi- 
wouhee 59 (Cutnmmos 10) Assists; Alianto 20 
(Criisi 71; Milwaukee 26 tPrassev 7). 
MFb«o » 39 se l*-»7 

t***""** 31 24 XI 27— US 

None* Ml 4-422. Adams 9-15*421; snaanp- 
vKh 79 4-4 18, Fleming 7-12 3J 17. Roboandf : 
Indiana 47 (WHifoms 31; Phoenix M [Hanoi 
171. Assists; Indiana 24 isicMlngT); pnoonlK 
22 (Nance, Edwards. HunKhrios 41. 
to* York SO M 23 26— US 

port ‘*rt M 27 12 38-123 

'fonaewegho 6-n lS-16 27. Bowie 7-10 18-13 
24s King 18-27 4-5 4ft Cummings 10-17 44 34. 
Rebounds: New York 44 (Bannister. Walktr 
4i; Portlands* (Bowie ni.AsPMt; New York 
34 (Welker 9); Portland 30 (Valentine 12). 

Iks Atsodaed Anns 


By William Gildca 

Washington pan Service 

weeks last summer, UJS. athletes 
ran and jumped and swam and 
fought their way into a whole 
nation's consciousness. Each day 
of the puidy American XX IH 
modern Olympiad proved to be a 
California gold rush for one 
American after another: Cari 
Lewis winning four mid medals, 
a la Jesse Owens; Edwin Moses, 
winning the hurdles as expected. 
Who could forget Maty Lou Ret- 
urn stealing everyone’s bean with 
a mighty leap and a miming 

No one, if America's advertis- 
ing specialists, sports agents and 
business managers have their say. 
In the six months since Los Ange- 
les, U.S. Olympic athletes have 
plunged into a different kind of 
competition but still one with 
high stakes. This time, the object 
is greenbacks, not gold. The sell- 
ing of the stan commenced with 
the dosing of the Games. 

The Games’ most marketable 
heroes have been publicized and 

than 'jetton. When it comes to 
commercial opportunities, she 
bos scored another perfect 10. A 
handful of other Olympians have 
met with marketing success to 
varying degrees, among them 
swimmers Steve Lundquist and 
Rowdy Gaines; Mitch Gaylord 
and other men’s gymnasts, ;md 
marathoner Joan Benoit, who 
does pineapple commercials. 

But not everyone has had the 
world come calling. Triple gold- 
medal winner Valerie Bris co- 
Hooks typifies a whole host of 
Olympic athletes waiting for 
commercial breakthroughs. Lew- 
is waits. 

Other Olympic stars have en- 
countered difficult times. Mdses 
was named winner of Sports D- 
lustratttTs Sportsman of the Year 
award for 1984. Last month, he 
was charged with soliciting a fe- 
male police officer for prostitu- 
tion: be has pleaded not guilty. 
Super-heavyweight boxing cham- 
pion Tyiell Biggs recently was 
released from a hospital after 
three weeks of treatment for alco- 
hol and drug abuse. He reported- 
ly had been suffering from de- 

Most of the U.S. Olympic ath- 
letes have merely dropped from 


When it comes to cashing in on 
Olympic fame, nobody's done it 
better this time around than 
Mary Lou Return. 

She’s landed right, onto., the 
front of Whcatics boxes, a com- 
mercial achievement to match ha- 
individual all-around gold in 
gymnastics. According to her 
manager — someone who can be 
more important than a coach 
once an athlete has won an Olym- 
pic medal — that makes her the 
“first female ever” and only “the 
third spokesperson in the history 
of Wheaties- 

Besides soaring into the select 

Mary Loo Ketton as the Wbeaties spokeswoman. 

company of Bob Richards and 
Bruce Jenner, Return, 16, also has 
signed up with McDonald’s and 
Vidal Sassoon, says John Tract la, 
Return's New York-based man- 
ager. And that's not alL 
Later this year. Retton will 
have ter own clothing line Rimed 
at giris 6 to 16. She’s been to 
Japan and endorsed a clothing 
tine there. 

Coming: a Mary Lou Retton 
exercise cassette “geared for chil- 
dren.” Traetta said. What's 
planned for Saturday morning 
television, he says, are “three- 
minute ‘drop-in’ segments of 
Mary Lou Riston showing kids 
how to exercise;** 

Advertising Age magazine says 
the marketing of Retton “is shap- 
ing up to be the most successful 
venture in sports history.” 

Meanwhile, Return continues 
to train under Bda Karolyi in 
Houston. This week, she complet- 
ed a three-city gymnastics tour 
(Oakland, Los Angeles and Sail 
Lake City) called “The^ Vidal Sas- 
soon Looking Good Tour." and 
Feb. 22-23 will appear at Caesars 
Palace in Las Vegas in the “Mc- 
Donald’s Gymnastics Team 
Challenge,” to be televised. 

Then comes the American 
Cup, March 2-3 in Indianapolis. 

Shell be going for a third straight 



*Tm going to be in the 1988 
Hot Tub Olympics,” Steve Lund- 
qusi, winner of two gold medals 
at Los Angeles, said with a laugh. 
*Tm training very hand for that.” 

No question, Lundquist is an 
ex-swimmer. But he and team- 
mate Gaines have been plenty 
busy testing other waters. 

Like a dozen or so Olympic 
athletes, Lundquist and Gaines 
have done extremely wdl having 
their fame marketed. They 
haven’t hit the jackpot like Ra- 
ton, but what Olympian has? 

“It's beat almost like a politi- 
cal campaign, what they’ve been 
through,” says their agent. Partes 
Brittain of Advantage interna- 
tional, a sports marketing, man- 
agement and financial services 
company in Washington. 

Lundquist can be seen on TV 
in Vidal Sassoon shampoo com- 
mercials, “a significant affiKarinn 
for him,” according to Brittain. 
He has done publicity fora swim- 
ming and ski resort in Colorado, 
been a featured attraction ou a 
Caribbean “fitness ermse” and 
appeared on the cover of an At- 
lanta department store catalog. 

He's signed with a New York 
modeling agency, appeared in the 
Calvin Klem fragrance ads and 
signed a contract with. a swim 
products' distributor. 

Lundquist endorses swim caps 
and Gaines endorses goggles. 

town of Jonesboro, Gewgia. pop- 
ulation 2,000. 

He is hoping for a Hollywood 
career and is settling in Las Ange- 
les to enroll in acting school. 

“Our policy, and Steve’s po- 
licy,*' Bnn*in says, “is to do as 
much as be e»n with the medals. 
His primary objective is not to 
diminish jjx> dignity of the med- 
als. so for that reason te does pay 
attention to his charities wotk.” 
Lundquist has worked for the 
' Autistic Children's Society, the 
March of Dimes and United 

He's given “inspirational- 
type” speeches for several com- 
panies' sales meetings, says Brit- 

Busy as te is. Lundquist won’t 
forget the “high" he experienced 
■ at the Olympics, especially- “bow 
ihe country came together in such 
a big burry. Never have I seen the 
country pull together like that. A 
chest-broadening experience." 

“The high is still meeting peo- 
ple, and then you pull out the 
medal," says Lundquist. 


Valerie Brisco-Hooks might 
have been the women's track star 
of the Los Angeles Olympics, 
winning three gold medals, but so 
far she’s representative of the 
great majority of Olympic ath- 
letes — even many winners. They 
haven’t been able to capitalize 
financially on their accomplish- 

But Brisco-Hooks, 24, believes 

ithi» migftt yet 

"I'm not disappointed,” she 
says. “People didn't know who I 
was before the Games, I was vir- 
tually unknown. People have to 
see who I am and have to see if 
what I did in the Games was legit. 

If I have a good season this year, 
then maybe I'll get some thing s — 
commercials and other endorse- 

She said she does not believe 
fewer endorsements have come to 
her because she is black. Some 
opportunities are being “final- 
ized." she says, mid more would 
come as she becomes better 
known. Joe Steranka of ProServ, 
a marketing company in Wash- 
ington that has her as a client, 
agrees that by staying active, 
Brisco-Hooks can ca ratafag bet- 
ter on ter Olympic achievements. 

“1 don't think the black-white 
thing is an issue,” says Steranka. 
“It depends really on the athlete. 

In Valeric's case, she has the per- 
sonality and charisma. I think 
shell do wdl in terms of personal 
endorsements she'll get” 

So Brisco-Hooks — married to 
former, pro footbaD player .Airing 
Hooks — continues to’ “run, ‘ 
though she’s already got the 
Olympic gold in the 400, and the 

Lundquist also will endorse a . 200 and for running thc xbird,lcg , 
system of portable weights, which • oa the4x400 relay team. But she's 
can be filled with water. ‘To kay 
in shape an the road," Brittain 

Lundquist has been traveling; 
the Virgin' Islands. Los Angeles, 

Dallas, Colorado — they’re all a 
long way from Lundquist’s home 

VANTAGE POINT/ Peter Alfano 

But Some Stumble and Fail 

Yew York Times Service 

NEW YORK — The athlete perhaps best per- 
sonifies the modem American dream. He enjoys 
the riches of a lottery winner and the adulation of a 
national hero. He is a role model for youngsters 
and a source of escape for those who toil in a more 
pedestrian world. 

Perhaps that is why there is generally so little 
sympathy when an athlete stumbles and some- 
times falls. Why would someone who has the best a 
m ate rial world can offer and the adulation of the 
public risk losing it all? Why would someone hke 
TyreO Biggs want to spoil a sports fan's fantasy? 

Biggs isn’t laboring 40 hours a week just to mate 
ends meet, the fan says. He isn’t unemployed, with 
a family to feed. Instead, he was just starting to 
cash in oa his own dream after w inning an Olym- 
pic boxing gold medal in the super-heavyweight 
division at Los Angeles last summer. He had the 
world by the (aiL 

Biggs signed a substantial contract to turn pro- 
fessional last falL He won bis first boat in Novem- 
ber at Madison Square Gardes, still an important 

Then, last week, it was learned that Biggs had 
beep a patient at a drug and alcohol rehabunation 
clinic. He was depressed, his family and associates 
said. He was trying to sort out ms problems. At 
stake were not only his boxing career, but also his 
course for the rest of his life. And aD the sports fan 
could wonder was why? 

Biggs appeared to be tire least among the Ameri- 
can boxers who could suffer such a predicament. 
He is a bright, friendly young man who enjoys 
talking about a variety of subjects. He used to talk 
about playing basketball in high school in Phila- 
delphia. He confided that te ran away from home 
when te was 10 to go to California to become a 
movie star. 

He is probably miscast in a sport dominated by 
pugnarioas characters, many with checkered pasts. 
He may also be miscast as a heavyweight because 
be doesn't hit very hard and the fans want their 
heavyweights to have hands that are thunder and 
lightning Sevan] trainers worked with the 6-foot- 
5, 215-pounder (196 centimeters. 96 kilos) during 
bis amateur career, trying to make him what he’s 
not — a strong puncher. 

Biggs was content to box, jabbing and moving 
and outpointing opponents. He compiled an im- 
utive amateur record, winning more than 100 
its and losma seven, but he never won the hearts 
the crowd. His first pro fight, an uninspired 
performance in which te won a unanimous deci- 
sion, gave no indications of change. 

He also violated the unwritten rule of boxing 
bravado when he would freely admit that an oppo- 
nent had hurt him. He did not consider it noble to 
be carried out on his shield, he said. A bloody nose 
or purple eye was cot proof of courage. 

“I’m not Joe Frazier," he said last Jane during 
the Olympic trials. “I can't take three punches to 
get one in, I appreciate hitting and not being hit. 
Sluggers go around knocking people out and look- 
ing worse than 1 do." 

On the night that te won the gold medal in a 
dose decision over Francesco Damlau of Italy, the 
crowd booed It was a familiar sound to Biggs, who 
had heard it often during his emergence as the top 
amateur super-heavyweight. 

It didn’t seem fair. How many amateur boxers 
become Olympians? How many dare to dream? 
And how many win a gold medal? At a time when. 
Biggs should nave been toasted for his achieve- 
ment, the boorish crowd, comprised mostly of 
countrymen, ranted that Damian) had been 

“He didn't come oat with duets,” said Dr. John 
Anderson, the psychologist for the U.S. boxers and 
a colonel who teaches at the Air Force Academy. 
“He was a skilled boxer who won his fights, but 
people said that te wasn’t knocking anyone out,” 

Biggs also performed under the added pressure 
of haying been the favorite for the gold medaL 
Winning anything less would have constituted fail- 
ure. He could not experience the joy of simply 

“There was incredible pressure to live up to the 
image buDt by the public/' Anderson said. "Tyiell 
had won the gold before he had the gold. When 
you retire you have to Jive up to it. you also have 
to convince yourself that you better live up to it. It 
depends on what kind of belief you have in -your-' 

Biggs appeared self-assured, even cocky at 
times, and said that te was not bothered by the 
fans' reaction. Kit apparently the booing hurt 
more than his opponents’ punches. There were also 
boxing people who suggested that his gold medal 
bad been a gift from the Soviet Union, which had 
boycotted the S umm er Games When the Russians 
did not came, neither did the Cubans, among them 
the three-time gold-medal winner, Teofilo Steven- 

Biggs had last only twice, both times to Steven- 
son, who was popular among Americans. They 
admired bis sculptured looks, quiet dignity ana 
powerful right hand. When Biggs said te thought 
lie could defeat an aging Stevenson in the 1984 
Olympics, people nodded bm they weren’t listen- 

notsofely motivated by the possi- 
bilities of making money. “I 
- haven’t beat into track and field 
that font” she says. She believes 
she’s still peaking and hopes to 
make the 1988 UJS. Olympic 

Meanwhile, Brisco-Hooks, 
who grew up in the Watts section 
erf Los Angeles and still lives 
there, spends most d her time 
with her 3-year-old son Alvin Jr. 
She look a year off from track 
after his birth to “watch him 
grow.” In the afternoons, she 
works out Last Saturday night in 
Dallas, she set the indoor best in 
the 440. Outdoors in the spring, 
shell be chasing- the 200-xneter 

Personal satisfaction, if not 
wealth, has come her way since 
the Olympics, mostly from talk- 
ing with youngsters and especial- 
ly when she returned to visit her 

She tells them to“study hard, 
have a dream and believe in 
ttemsdves, and they can succeed, 

“It's satisfying knowing that 
one person could find something 
to do, tike ran," she says. “Even 
oneperson, giving a person hope. 

“I was once like that, not really 
having anything to da Or later, 
being a mother, and being able to 

Then came the Olympics, and 
the touching scenes after victory: 
embracing husband, being 
congratulated by ter coach until 
they both tumbled to the ground. 

“That was the ultimate in my 
life," she says. 

ips these are not sufficient reasons to find 
comfort or an escape in alcohol and drugs. But 
they point out that an athlete's life is not necessar- 
ily a charmed one. 

Failure, as well as success, is magnified on a 
playing field. And when an athlete succeeds and is 
stiH treated as a failure, it can leave him perplexed 
and disheartened. 

Biggs is just another example of the v ttlner aTwK- 
ty of athletes who are painira by the news media as 
larger than life, are envied by adults and ernnlaied 
by their children. It beds working for a living, but 
it has its price. 

This is not an apology for Tyrrell Biggs, but an. 
explanation. He must suffer the consequences of 

what is sadder is the 
moments, Biggs 

t that in one of his finer 
success as failure. 

The Flyers' Dave Brown holds Phil Sykes by the hehmzt 

Kings Make Comeback 
From 4-0 to Tie Flyers 

L'niuJ Press Intenumomil 

night Pat Quinn came back, so did 
his new (gam 

Quinn returned to the Philadel- 
phia Spectrum Thursday night for 
the first lime since being fired as 
the Flyers’ coach three years ago 


and watched his Los Angeles Kings 
rebound from a 4-0 deficit to regis- 
ter a 4-4 tie. 

Quinn coached the Flyers for 
more than three seasons, reaching 
the Stanley Cup finals in 1980. He 
was fired in March 1982 and did 
not return behind the- bench until 
tins year in Los Angeles. 

over the right shoulder of goalie 
PdJe Lindbergh for his 35th goal of 
the season. 

“With Carrs goal we could feel 
the tide turning." Nicholls said. 
"Once our team got rolling, it was 
tough for them to overcome. They 
had a tittle lapse and couldn't get it 
back because we had the momen- 

Elsewhere in the NHL Thursday, 
it was New Jersey 6, Pittsburgh 3; 
Montreal 3, Quebec 4; Boston 7, 
Hartford 5; the New York Island- 
ers 7, the New Yorir Rangers 5. and 
Sl Louis 3, Detroit S. 


as year m lajs migcies. n • /-v T 

“I really love this place,” Quinn TOJIS HI IJUjBOCC 
id of the return. “1 would like to _ I - 

Get a Sideshow 


have beep victorious, but it wasn't 
to be. So HI take the point and take 
the pleasure we gpt from the point 
after being down 4-0. It is a great 
credit to our guys.” 

However. Ms guys pressed early 
in the game to play well for Mm — 
and faded. The Hyers look a 4-0 
lead just 21 minutes into the game, 
getting goals from Mark Howe, 
Brian Propp, Dave Poulin (short- 
handed) and Ron Sutter.' The last 
two came 39 seconds apart in the 
opening 1:J3 tif.the middle period. 

“I'm sure everybody was think- 
ing about Pat coming back (o his 

The Associated Pros 

QUEBEC — The crowd in Que- 
bec not only saw a rousing Nation- 
al Hockey League game, won 5-4 

by the Montreal Canadians, but 

was also treated to a pig race during 
the third period Thursday night. 

After Chris Nilan scored Ms sec- 
ond goal of the game to give Mon- 
treal a 3-3 lead, two students from 
Laval University, celebrating their 
winter carnival, jumped on the ice 
and released three pigs from sacks. 
As the swine skated around the ice. 

hometown and playing well. . for. forcing a delay of several minutes, 
him,” said Benue Nicbolls, iyjiq,; police chased the culprits. A clean- 
scored twice, including "'the, .game- up crew finally collared the hogs. 

tying gpal. "But I think we worried 
too much about it. We had to start 
worrying about the game.” 

“We wanted to give a good effort 

Perhaps inspired by the side- 
show, the Nordiques pulled within 
5-4 on Michel Goulet's 35th goal 
with 4Vi minutes left and they 

for Pat," said defenseman Brian ■ pressed forihe lie. But goalie Steve 
Engblom. “You always want to Penney hdd them off and Montreal 
beat the team you used to play or climbed back into a first-place tie 
coach for. We wanted to play wdl with Buffalo in the Adams Oivi- 
for him Ms first time back. But we sion. Quebec is tied with Boston for 
also needed the point." third, seven points back. 

The Kings needed just 12 min- Coach Jacques Lemaire of the 
utes to earn the tie. Cari Mokosak Canadiens could afford io joke af- 
soored then first goal at 4:03 and ter his team's victory. 

Engblom screed on a power play, 
slapping a shot off Howe’s bade. 

Nicholls then got the calL He 
scored at 13:32 and 2:29 later te 
recovered a loose puck off Garry 
Galley’s stick and fired a 35-footer 

’They should have sent the 
Hunters to pick up the pigs because 
they both come from the farm,” 
said Lemaire. referring io Dale and 
Mark, the brothers who play for 
Quebec and Montreal, respectively. 

Bullets Defeat Pistons 

Complied by Our Staff From Dispatches 

LANDOVER, Maryland — 
Some losses give coaches grey hair. 
Otters make them want to pull it 
out. The Pistons coach. Chuck 
Daly, may be shopping for a toupee 


after Thursday night's 128-126 
double-overtime loss to the Wash- 
ington Bullets. 

With the Pistons leading by three 
points and time running out, 
Brooke Steppe attempted to foul 
Gus Williams. Steppe screamed for 
the call. Williams screamed for the 


Tbcre was no calL 

Williams passed off to Frank 
Johnson, who fired a three-point 
shot as Bill Laimbeer closed in. The 
shot went in, Laimbeer was called 
for a foul, and Johnson completed 
a four-point play with nine seconds 
left to give the Bullets the lead. 

Johnson added another free 
throw four seconds lata, and Da- 
ly’s coiffure was in jeopardy. 

“We wanted to take a foul at the 
end and we had afoul to give,” said 
Daly. “We (bought Steppe got the 
foul but it wasn't called.” 

“I had one hand wrapped 
around him,” Steppe said. “That's 
what we wanted: the foul. I just 
kept grabbing him and they 
wouldn’t call it." 

Elsewhere Thursday in the Na- 
tional Basketball Association, it 
was Cleveland 108. Chicago 99; 
Utah 1 14, Kansas City 96; Atlanta 
94, Milwaukee 91; Houston 112, 
Golden State 105; San Antonio 
120, the Los Angeles Clippers 108; 
Portland 133. New York 122, and 
Phoenix 103, Indiana 97. 

Detroit’s Isiah Thomas finished 
with 25 points and an NBA season- 

wtth 12 seconds left tiecTihe first 
overtime at 116. (VPI, AP) 

Purchase o/ Keds Approved by Owners 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Marge Schott’s 
purchase of controlling interest in 
the Cincinnati Reds has been ap- 
proved by major league baseball 
owners. Commissioner Peter Ue- 
berroth has announced. 

Under the purchase agreement, 
Schott, previously a limited partner 
Reds, beo 

proposals cm the table toward a 
new contract for the 1983 season, a 
spokesman for the owners’ com- 
mittee said Thursday. The last con- 
tract between the Major League 
Players Association ana the Players 
Relations Committee, which 
seals management, 


Steve Lundquist 

in the Reds, becomes managing 
genera] partner of the wsim, rcplac- n» • t* t* -t* 
mg the brothers James and William DKM5TS xlflve 3 KCSt Hay 
Williams. Schott, who owns a num- 
ber of automobile dealerships in 
the Cincinnati area, also obtained 
the interests of several other limit- 
ed partners in the transaction. 

Baseball rules required approval 
of three-quarters of the duhs in the 
National League and a majority of 
American League teams for the 
sale to be completed. 

In Chicago, negotiators repre- 
senting major league baseball's 
owners and players have set Feb. 

19 as a target date to put detailed 

Before Slalom Events 

United Pnss International 

BORMIO, Italy — Friday was a 
rest day far skiers in the world 
Alpine ski championships, 24 
hours of relative calm before the 
women race the slalom, their final 
event, Saturday. 

The men's slalom on Sunday 
closes the championships, thus far 
dominated by Switzerland which 
has collected four gold, three silver 
and one bronze medals. 


Page 14 




k A Yankee From Ohio Says Taking the Drawl Out of Southerners 

A Mirror OH Dpfp/lSP -A-CCCHtS Is Harder Th an Teaching a Foreign Language, but She s Tnin I BtSr HtUl u 

* ASVJ WWC - l r Brit*ain’« N.tittltl ThOM IS ROOftW **8?" ^ W 

W ASHINGTON - Secretary 
of Defense Caspar Weinber- 
ger looked into the mirror in his 
private Pentagon washroom weari- 
ly. He had just been on the “Today 
Show” at 7 o'clock, “Good Morn- 
ing America" at 7:30, and the CBS 
“Morning News" at 8:15, to make 
his case for a 13-percent increase in 
his budget. 

He said, “Why can't people un- 
derstand that 

I’ve cut every- 
thing to the bare 
bone, and if 
doesn't give me 
my money the 
Soviets will nev- 
er bargain in 
good faith in 

“I understand 
it," the mirror Bochwald 

Weinberger said, “I don't make 
up America's defease budget — the 
Russians dictate it. Is $26 billion 
too much to develop a foolproof 
"Star Wars’ system?” 

“It's a drop in the bucket just to 
find out if it will work or noL Even 
if it doesn't, the Commies will have 
to spend a lot of rubles on their 
own ‘Star Wars' program.” 

“Am I being unreasonable about 
spending billions for an MX missile 
program which will protect us until 
we have our killer satellites in 
place?” Weinberger asked. 

The mirror said, “You're overiy 
prudent If we don't have MX mis- 
siles you’ll be throwing all the B-l 
bombers on order down (he tube, 
not to mention the fighter planes 

you need to protect our battle- 

“Cruise missil es don't come 
cheap either," Weinberger said de- 

“Don’t I know” the mirror an- 
swered. “But they’re a bargain 
compared to the Trident II subma- 
rine program which will cost $42 

“Fifty-two billion,” Weinberger 

corrected. “Can you believe Con- 
gress wants me to stretch out the 

By Art Harris 

Washington Past Service 

see — Do you: pick up sup- 

weapons over a period of years so 
they can bring the budget deficit 

they can bring the budget deficit 

“Ft would be a big mistake,” the 
mirror said thoughtfully. “When 
you slow down production each 
weapon costs more to make. Any 
fool is aware that the more you 
order the cheaper they are.” 


“Cutting the military budget 
doesn't help the deficit, you know,” 
Weinberger said. 

“f probably do, but tefl me why 

“Because every time you chop a 
billion dollars from the military 
you elimina te 35,000 jobs. The only 
real choice the government has is to 
put the money into either unem- 
ployment benefits or weapons.” 

“You ought to use that argument 
with Congress," the minor said. 

“I already have. They’re still giv- 
ing me a hard time. They claim 

see — Do you: pick up sup- 
plies at the warehouse, all a 
squeaky hinge and drop your g's 
when you go walkin’ or tidin’ ? 

Did you: evuh visit New Yoke 
V ast fuh room in a HO- tel? Pro- 
b’fy wound up steepin’ on the far 
escape, if ycniwuzhtcky. 

Do you: say they laughed when 
you pitched that deal in Detroit ? 

Say, “Detroit.” 



Well, you kin waller in self pity, 
or sashay up for some right con- 
troversial tongue adjustment, 
touted here in Cboo-Choo City 
by a Yankee lady who promises 
to cure drawlers of a grave afflic- 
tion, the Southern Accent, 
through her speech course, pri- 
vate tutoring and sef-hep tapes. 

“People should be able to 

choose the way they sound, just 
as they choose die way they 
dress." says Beverly Inman-Ebd, 
the speech pathologist from Ohio 
who has re-ignited the Civil War 

Just how hard is it to lose a 
Southern accent? 

“Harder than learning a for- 
eign language,” she says. “Speech 
is a habit, so you have to unlearn. 
But with guidance and motiva- 
tion, people can accomplish any- 
thing they want.” 

Titled “Success Without the 
Southern Accent,” her course at 
Chattanooga State Technical 
Community College drew 16 peo- 
ple — housewives, insurance 
salesmen, secretaries, a business- 
man or two — who paid $95 each 
for help in untwisting their native 

One burly computer company 
salesman said he feared drawl 
discrimination as be climbed the 
corporate ladder. A preacher's 
wife, Sandi Bryan, mother of 
three, was fed up with friends 
"makin' fun of me." Others con- 
fessed to nasal twangs, droopin' 
g’s, saying "'tuh' fer two, and 
prolonging vowels into diph- 
thongs (one sound slurred into 
two, as in "cay-imi" for “can’t”), 
as is the custom down South. 

One businessman counted lost 
sales every time he pitched clients 
beyond ute Mason-Dixon line. 
He wanted to be taken seriously. 

since they’re cutting out the farm- 
ers, the students, welfare. Medicare 
and bousing for the poor, the De- 
fense Department should at least 
be willing to make a few sacrifices.” 

The mirror rattled, “You can't 
put wasteful government spending 
on domestic giveaways in the same 
out basket with cost-efficient De- 
fense Department programs. Peo- 
ple and missil es don't mix.” 

“You said it. I didn’t" 

“So what are you going to do?” 
the mirror aslratt 
*Tm going to hang tough, and 
ay doom. They owe me $277.5 
billion for 1986 and I'm not going 
to take a nickel less.” 

'Star Wars’ Attraction 

Planned for Disneyland 

U ruled Press Imenuuional 

ANAHEIM. California — The 
filmmaker George Lucas is to de- 
velop a “Star Wars” attraction at 
Disneyland that will open at Dis- 
neyland in June 1986, Lucas and 
Disney Productions announced 

More than 20 new cars have been 
awarded to visitors to Disneyland 
since Jan. 1. The $12-miflion give- 
away is pan of the park's 30th 
anniversary celebrations, and a bid 
to boost declining attendance after 
its worst season in a decade. 

The mirror said, “I like it when 
you stick your jaw ouL Do that on 
the Ted Koppel show tonight.” 

“I plan to. Well I have to go up 
on the Hill again today and meet 
with six or seven congressional 
committees. How do I look?” 

“Like a trillion dollars, give or 
take a billion either way.” 

■nm Wcohrgten toil 

Drawt-buster Inman-Ebel: Lak changin' overalls. 

"Ah cay-unt communicate with 
people without them saying. 
"Your accent is cute,' or “Oh, he's 
a Southern boy, must be a Bever- 
ly Hillbilly, said Jerry Thur- 
ston, 38. 

Indeed, Thurston didn't fall off 
a turnip truck yesterday. And it 
seems that not since Sher man 
camped amid these gently rolling 
hills before marching on to torch 
Atlanta in the U. S. Civil War has 
a single Yankee agitated such 
angst Inman-Ebel says she found 
her mailbox demolished and her 
yard strewn with toilet paper. 

“If anyone would like some 
pre-class entertainment. I've got 
some more hate mail” she'd say 
before a class, passing out the 
letters prior to preaching the phi- 
losophy that the perfect accent is 
no accent. 

Not that it has to be a perma- 
nent voice-over, says Inman- 
Ebel, whose private clinic has 
worked with stroke patients, peo- 
ple with speech defects and 
broadcasters. But Southerners 
should be able to step in and out 
of uncomfortable drawls as easily 
as they change overalls. 

“Yankees think we talk fun- 
ny,” drawls Lewis Grizzard, syn- 
dicated columnist for the Atlanta 
Journal -Constitution. “God talks 
like we do.” He points out that 
“the Southern way of speaking is 
a language of nuance, a function- 
al language. We can take a word 
and change it just a tittle bit and 
make it mean altogether some- 
thin ' different Take the word ‘na- 
ked.’ Instead of saying, ‘naked.' 
we say, 'nekkid' It just feds good 
to say iL 'Ah wish Darlene was 
nekkid!' There’s a difference. 
'Naked* means you ain’t got no 
clothes on. ‘Nekkid’ means you 
ain't got no clothes on and you up 
to somethin’. 

“Y anke es aren’t too sure how 
smar t we are. We move slow. We 
talk slow. We take our tahm. But I 
ain’t seen no Southerner pay to 
gp inside no reptile farm.” 

“After Southerners go up 
No’th, can't understand ’em hard- 
ly,” says Motee Daniels. 71, an 
Oxford, Mississippi, raconteur 
who once warmed William 
Faulkner with white li ghtning 
and local drawl. (“Was born with 
mine and aim to keep iL”) 

Drawl-busting is "a very dan- 
gerous undertaking- says Emory 
University English professor Lee 
Pederson, who. as a linguist 
would be out of bidness if Inman- 
Ebel's course caught or. "When 
vou start messing with vour 
speech, it’s like the idiots who 
mess with the environment: no 
one knows what will happen for a 
long time. It might be like a sex- 
change operation, irreversible. 
You’re culturally neutered." 

There are other ponderables. 
Many a Yankee has found him- 
self on the losing end of a game 
called Drawlin’ to Win in which 
those who play hardball in ihe 
Slow Lane choose to slow it 
w aaaaaaaaaaa ay dooooooown. 

With 14 comedy albums. Jerry 
Gower, the portly, white-haired 
country-and- western comic and 
ex-fertilizer salesman from Yiz- 
oo City, Mississippi, showed how 
to play another kind of hardball 
soon after an MCA record com- 
pany attorney showed up in Yaz- 
oo City in alliga tor shoes. 

“B<? ign’ant of all these city 
(hangs." said Gower's country 
lawyer, as contracts were drawn 
up .'"Ya’ll can take advantage of 
us. Don't know nothin’ 'bout no 
publishing and no copyright . " 

“That meant-” grins Gower, 
that “they were going to leave all 
their money in Yazoo City.” Qui- 
etly, his lawyer had bounced ev- 
erything off a top copyright attor- 
ney in Washington. The rest is 
gold albums and Cadillacs. 

Lose your drawl you lose your 
edge. Aiaved me a thousand 
times.” says Johnny Popham, a 
retired New York Times reporter 

Britain's National Theater is 
closing part of its theater complex, 
die director. Peter Hall, announced 
Thursday, blaming what he called 
inadequate government arts subsi- 
dies. Hall said the National will 
also end its tours of Britain, and its 
remaining two theaters in London 
would mount fewer new produc- 
tions. Hall told a news conference 
he was “appalled and outraged by 
the low government subsidy” -—an 
increaseof less titan half the infla- 
tion rate — for the three-theater 
theater complex on the South Bank 
of the Thames. The Cottesloe The- 
ater, a small auditorium used to 
staee new and experimental work, 
will close April 20. and one-seventh 
of the National's 750 employees 
will be dismissed. The National 
which depends on government sub- 
sidy for 55 percent of its operating 
costs, has been granted £6.7 million 
tS7.4 million) from the Arts Coun- 
cil and the Greater London Coun- 
cil for 1985-6, a 1.9-percent in- 
crease over last year but well below 
the 4.6-percent" level of inflation. 
Hall was not alone in facing a se- 
vere financial crunch. The English 
National Opera, currently suffer- 
ing a deficit of £750,000 as a result 
of their American tour last June, is 
in danger of closing if it loses its £1 
milli on subsidy from the Greater 
London Council. Lord Harewood, 
its man aging director, and Peter 
Jonas, who takes his place in June, 
issued a statement saying ihev were 
“disappointed and alarmed" by 
their grant of just over £6 million 
from the .Arts Council for 1985-6. 

Ronald Reagan and his wife when 
he was president of a drug and 
alcohol-rehabilitation program 
with facilities in Houston, Fori 
Worth and Denver. Barun said his 
addiction to a variety of drugs, in- 
cluding heroin, in the late 1960s 
and early 1970s was “a storybook 
history of drug abuse — 1 came 
from a good family, very support- 
ive of me, and I fell into drugs 
because of peer pressure and it was 
a time in my life when I didn't have 
a whole lot to grab onto." 

who covered civil rights from 
1947 to 1961. hazardous durv 

1947 to 1961. hazardous duty 
down South, after a stint as a 
Marine officer in World War IL 

Students of Inman-Ebel in 
moments of rebellion, noted that 
CBS correspondent Fred Gra- 
ham had miraculously preserved 
his graceful magnolia lilt after all 
these years, defying the rule that 
network correspondents should 
deliver “news from nowhere.” as 
writer Edward J. Epstein put it, 
the perfect accent being none at 

And Lfae students pointed out 
that Teddy Kennedy and Geral- 
dine Ferraro could use some hep 

A former drug addict, Kenneth 
L. Barun of Houston, will direct 
Nancv Reagan's East Wing projects 
office, including her crusade 
against drug abuse, the While 
House announced Wednesday. 
Barun. 36. will succeed Ann Wrob- 
leski. 31 considered to be the archi- 
tect of Mrs. Reagan’s drug-abuse 
program. Wrobleski will move to 
the Slate Department in a $60,000 
post as deputy assistant secretary 
of state for international narcotics 
matters. Barun. who worked as a 
volunteer last fall in the Reagan- 
Bush campaign, shifts to the 
$60,000-a-year White House post 
from the Department of Health 
and Human Services, where he be- 
gan work three weeks ago as deputy 
assistant secretary for public af- 
fairs. Barun said he met President 

The Metropolitan Opera's beb^ 
ed first production of Geoqp, 
Gershwin’s “Porgy and Bess,” com- 
ing 50 years after its world pre- 
miere. has been hailed by critics as 
a spectacular and definitive perfor- 
mance. “Probably not since its pre- 
miere in 1935 has tbe story of Cat- 
fish Row and its citizens been so 
impressively staged, so well sung 
and so careful in its adherence to 
the composer's original inten- 
tions,” wrote Dowd Herndon of 
The New York Times after the pre- 
miere Wednesday. “The cast, head- 
ed by Simon Estes in the title role 
and Grace Bumbry as Porgy's 
sometimes woman. Bess, was nefi 
in good voices and people who 
could act convincingly while sing- 
ing. Estes deserves a special cita- 
tion for making Porgy somewhat 
credible even though a rehear 
injury to a knee forced bun top*, 
the pan on one knee and on crutch- 
es.” “It was a vintage Met prodoc; 
don. marked with the lavish devo- 
tion to quality and the meticulous 
attention to small details that are a 
hallmark of this company at its 
best,” said Joseph McLeflanof The 
Washington Post 

The Oscar-winning actress l& 
retta Young will return from a 20- 
year retirement to star in “Dark 
Mansions,” a television movie. 
Young, 72, will portray the matri- 
arch of a Seattle shipping family in 
the two-hour “contemporary Goth; 
ic drama." The movie, which is 
scheduled to begin filming in April 
is expected to become a television 
series for ABC, according to the 
producer. Arnold Speffiag. Yoon& 
who began her career in 1928 at 
15 playing opposite Lou Chang, 
starred in 94 motion pictures and 
produced and starred in her own 
television series. 




EngWi. Pom: 634 59 65. Geneva 
287286. Rome 3948 91 








0 private!]' 
j ta Green- 



$50 - $200,000 + 

Masters & 
Write K«y 

bmpiibr-e Eating 
Pm 348 9042 


CONTMEX (nw Opm): Casttaus- 
ters to 300 cities worldwide ■ Air, - Sea 
CdlOxrfe 281 18 81 Parts Core too 








N1ZSNATIONAL LADY, talented, at- AU PAS- NYC wonrty. Cae of 1 
tractive, refined Speaks French, 6v intent, Sghl housekeeping. Uvea, 

LY. TIMES - forget dekvwy. 
Keysw, POB 2, BIMO Brussels. 



Th* K> Executive Search Newsletter 
s a unique pubfcectan treated fa 1974. 
If has readers in oft oountaes md fete m 
exclusivity more than 500 |ob opportu- 
nities each year ringing from $50 - to 
SSO0J300 or eqmvaferr. 




bi the chaming mountain resort of 



The ntarmdtaa a provided only by 
reputable e*ecut»e-seorch firms in 
many countries. 

In order to Veep in touch with potable 
opportunities oi home and abroad in 
complete confidence, subscribe la Ihe 
■|CA Executive Search Newsletter'. 




AY-mai subscription lor 10 owes 

In case of currency control regulations, 
cok for proforma invoice. 

Send name, address end subscription 


tnfl Classified Advertising Inc, 

575 Matfaon Avenue 
New Yorit, NY 10022 - USA 
Free Spec men ■ Dept HTT0 

PARIS DMfaordes Intsmot to nd 
(01) 343 23 64 


(069) 250066 


1089) 142244 


(01) 953 3636 


HYHE5, nw FRHiCH RIVIBIA. 1 OverkxAmg a splendid Afcine panon* 
[***■ hy«w from hfc* & Mane Be. mo. 30 mm from Monhrew end Labe 

Renthouse International 

020448751 (4 lines) 

Amsterdam, Boie sto n 43. 

ALGARVE Luminous wife, drerfy or. 
beach, 5 km from Alfcufem. cec or* 

madates 12 p eop le- Available Aug ■ 
Sept Private terms. V/ree CARA LA. 


I Leading mufanctianai compear 

gfcsh. Spanish, some Italian. Experi- 
ence in UX., cSpkmdie, red estate, 
cuiturd circles m Pans, US, MtUfl 
East Seeks new dmUenge in NYC ar 
Wash. DC with inrt. high level con- 
tact*. fcaht travel. 003 #43224 USA 

w eeken ds at 
Eke aimak. 

» Housekeeping, Uve-n, 
iff. Engkh specking. Must 
J. Send photo, references 

Unique & bocxjufoly located 5-bed- Geneva by cm. 
roam house, 316 btrfte. Seckided & . you am awn quality residences 
,{*1 1 t *k m - *"'■’3 with mdaat swimming pool am 

area Consists of lounge/ sunken bring 
room with fireplace. Idtchen & pool 
Garage, basement. SjOOO sqjn. lot, no 
Other DuikSng construction. Best offer. 
Please contact (941 57 35 20. 

with mdoai swimming pool and 
ftlness facilities m an used 
enviroranem far leisure and sports 
jski. 9°». 

■mcmana or low 5r. rates 
up to 80% mortgages. 

Deluxe rentals. Valenwitr. 174 
Amsterdam. 023621234 ar 62327? 

aepi. nwne ■ emus, vrroe LeoCcg mutancSianal company based 

Bua 5. Darranqas A. Lxn Europe requires lawyer hr inter- 

usbon, Portugal Tel: oc 26 nahord company matters. Minimum 15 

PORTUGAL ALGARVE. Chorrsrg v_'- yyn experience m mtarnc tand low, 
fa faly fumdhed. 5 mins, tram beach. v ^° f ” n g langwy a Engfish Other Inv 
guages very hefcful flease send tuB 

Sleeps 3/7. Teh 082 571 17 Ccrvoero guagw very neygw. rwawr^ sow nwi «■ « raa lo . 

Tlx 57301 TBt Ware Mane Bourgw. •«**■ to ■■ !754._Herdd Wnm».| BBGfAN LAWYER ft TRANSLAi 

taOs.fcghl travel. (305) Zf4c3224 USA. 
based HBK» HKJH SOCIETY tADY seeks 
inter- position os housekeeper in American 
urn 15 Idndy. Exoslert traveling canqnv 
i law. an Driver's Icense. Prefer country or 
er kxv seashore. Write Mae Bonz&l 99 rue 
■d fu9 de la Faeandaie. Paris 16. 

, red estate, ike enmab. Send photo, netarei Kg. 
US. MkUe phone to WJL Mom, 11 fifth Sl 
je in NYC ar fords, NJ. 08863 USA 

kg24llA WPAtyMoraHymreR-Nsi; 

— — England coastal town. Qddcnre fa 4 
LADY seeks ft ayear aid + ffjhl hoMekwpng 


Monte Centtanes, S4Q0 Lagoa 

9252! NeiriOy Order. France. Afloppfc- 
edans wfl be held in tfria confidence 

Mt Homing Servlm Rentrii 
Amsterdam. Tab 020-768022. 


(French. Engfisfa German, Dutch) 
seeks position. Bepiy to Bax 1751. 
HeroldTribvne, 92521 NedBy Codex, 

ft 6 year aid 4- fight hcwsekeQnn. 
Must drive. Besxtnd with pidm a 
resume: Mm. Wfficm H. Ashton Ir. 43 
. Pierce Ave, JameshAvn, 0 U2B35 USA 
children to start in July/Aua fa. I 
year nenimun Experience ft mu- 

ences required. Reply in hi detd to 
P.O. Box 187. NY, NY 10040. 

AUPAKNEDEDfor 1 infant. Drivers 
kerne helpful. Pool ft tarns awi 
able. Reply to 9049 JoRyvitoRi, Sato 
200, Austin. Terns USA 7H739. 

Tet (KS) 341TaSS*S. 26629 CH 



Situation hfidfurn, heart of Gfarner- EXECUTIVE POSITION -mmtad with 
fad. 70 km, from Zurich, deal foray nuitonatkmd company. 36, with 15 

•n.ce5ar,goage. P99 
871 3561 after / ptn. 



When m Rome; 

Unary apartment home mth famahed 
ffali, mtaflobie far 1 week and mare “E 

chalet. 3 bedrooms 7 bedsj. playroom, 
centrally heated Surrounded by farm- 
laid end farad views of villages and 

yean experience in rnfemahand 

CTgM Ajn gPiT, wa rtswmh a s as- able. Reply to 9049 JofiyvrfaEd, Side 
200. A^ Texas USA 71^ 

March. Mss Anderssaiv 20 Rue Jacob, AU PAR-tMMHXATE HIRE 2 6h-.„ 
75006 Pom, or td= 325 74 64 fais. drm. Subwbai NYC fanBy. 5 fortify 

SEK HOST FAMILY in Cofifonia [sea- 
side] far Fiench student wishna to 
aitehd University, Mme. Benin. 1 f rue 
Boufanwfiers. 78116 Pans. 

JON Jt6£K demexport 

lOl! 953 3636 PARS • LYON • MARSBUE 

era 1 - HUE • MCE 

ucu: Ziegler SA fal moving by speriafat from manr 

1021 425 66 14 dries in fiance to cfl dries m Ihe world 

do in Toft fr« from fiance 16 109 24 1082 

O Alfied Van Lews Infl FEB ESTIMATES 

r» = $*■ 


Fae fa tai eon bay a STUDIO 

large ultra modem apartment in histor- 
ic bukfing just off London's Hyde Pari, 
for ssde by owner. 

GENEVA - MONTRBJX ar m these | 
world famous resorts: CRAMS- i 

Phone: 6794325, 6793450. 
Write: Mo del Vdabro 1ft, 
00186 Rome. 

Superb fa dH seasons. 
5F4MX per week 
For Information and phcfo g iopK or 
booking, phae write: E Schlaepfer. 
Pbstfadh 5L OL8750 GionHy or Tel: 
058/6)4221 Midday or evenings. 

VERBIS, VII1ARS, JURA, eta. from 
SF? 10.000. Mortgages 60% a , 


52 rue de M unlfa rifa rt . CH-1202 
GENEVA Tet 41-22/^4 15 40. 
Telex: 22030 

Ooukxnwffers. 75014 Ptms. 

AARO Frencb-us Tax Contarvm. 
Wed. Feb. 13, 7.9pm, 49 rve P. Char- 
ron. Paris 8th. IRS pcTOqpotion. 
AARO members bee, others 50f. 

CAIRO ASed Van laws Infl “ ' tteTMUg " “ 

(20-2) 712901 


fe'K'S • 3 bedrooms. 2 baths + 

24 10B2 • Master suite wnh private brth. 

Idtchen covering one floor 

• Root far enterfoirxng 

(OlOl) 312-681-8100 

nawroa goocB, umikj 
LY. (212) 362-9490: Pam 

shipping services far 
uds, uiIhjubs & at. 
'490; Paris 3-9694225. 

• Al floors wired far sound vi 
security ft contfsitef cortrol 

• Luxury living, income, or both 

• Complete control of building 
i management if requeed. 



•dfing and able to trawdatywhere 
anyfnie. Compensation negobaWe. ! r ai T- 

Tt. 45096 LfLaixxoa Ann. Mfa Lwld ° r 

US. BASBD HUNOUAL sales man- 
agement executive seeks a dxdbngel POS 

wa relocate, frtl experience m efi- 
red sales of waking dtoyi ft chan- JSH 
rr*. Bax 1775, Her it Tribune. 92521 fa*mg 

seeks irne0eclut*y stnraiatmg fab with 
travel, based fa USA or IX. Tel: 

London PI} 352 21 25 




U»dy enstmar* by doy. by week or LOfT NEW YORK 2,000 
by month Dired phone. Autonomous S2J0Q. Tel: 654 0097 Rome, 
hearing. Bar. Sedourcmt. Gcrugt 

24 hexir service ■■■ e , ■ 

P9-6) 3387012 - 3387015 WANTED/EXCHANGE 


Uj eorporotian loofcs for new assn 
merit. Write Werndl, P.Ol Bax K 
•• • D-77S0 Konssma. We« Germany. 


em 4 European languages & widdv 
travelled in Europe seeks at pax pw 
ban fa Span summer '85 to cat fa 
dxldren/jjghi housework m esdxx^ 
far room 6 board Contort Sofia &P. 
4 Powers G„ Lexmgton, MA 02173 

Pats from 130A30p m. (exb 4303} 


FSBICH COUPLE speaking EnghM 
chM, seeks caretaker position n LftA. 

Price USS375.000 or E375/XXL 
CaB London (414} 9374)019 

&e IHT at spe- m 
inlroducioiy rates H 
new subscribers and 
almost 50?ti off the newsstand B 
^ most Etnopean countries. | 
^3k> . - Tvrice as much news for your money, mm 

^ ^,'gapr lb: Subscription Manager, H 

" ^■i^(3^r^ Inteniationa 1 Herald Tribune, 181, av. Charles- 
;-r? Jt^iw^rde-Gaulle, 92521 Neuilly Cedes, France ■. 

'■ - : 1410129. Tlx 612832. | 

^ Yes; I would like to accept your bargain offer. _ 

„ ^^Hease send me the International Herald Tribune for H 

the time period and at the reduced price circled on this coupon lH 


0222-527964. Hodow, Graben 31. 
Rentds: deface flats ft houses. 


Rentals: deface flats ft houses. _ 


3300 s«jA not fared m, aw C100J00 UKfcAl BJaiAlN EVgfFOR SHORT TBW^Mm k opart . 

74 oiamps^ysss 8H, 


double, 1 single bed 5 ensutta bath- LKmi ^ q^qq 3S9 A7 ^ 

rooms, oorapleta new dmi^wf Idtchen iA uncc uneni nr jjjS5 C ‘ 

sSfaT^S SHORT™ fa ton Ouartar. «« MORE KKU^POSmONS 

HYWPAHK, OXFORD 3)1915. Wfa^SSk tune. MCg 2 


M f m CA. Washfafltor COUEGE WTipEFS&AINftlEAU 



dhM. teaks coretoker poufion n LftA 
Husband: good handymaa 
goad cook ft housekeeper. Awna* 
powfwrt ft US w*d working pSW- 


June B-Aua. 8. Our lakeside luxury 
home avrxlaUe June 6Ji4y 6 Write 
Mr. ft Mrs. Robert Fwton. 10171 E. 
Far Grde, Engfawood (Denver] CO 
80111 ISA. 

lopfare. 2 rue Wh«, 06480in Cofa 
5UT Lcxip. Fronoa. Tel: (931 32 73 D6_ 

D.C, is nsaui&ng nvmraously far is seeking for Set*. 1985 c 

qurAfied mtematenal taebo broad- SECONDARY TEAQC9/ 

ment for rent Paris. Excellent ncaw. 
Sorakm: Tet p] 544 3? 40. 

20 x 20' efinmgroom comrmmicaring 
wetfi reception al x 20' doafaaom. 4 
double. 1 single bed, 5 ensutta bath- 
rooms, comptetB new dnugner kitchen 
18 x 14'. Separate laundry and uritty 
room. 90 wars. £550,000. Tet week, 
ends 580 4941. weefafays 493 9941 

castors fa Ihe Hungarian language. 
Scriary rmge from $21^04 W 
576J8T. Omfidates must bene a flu- 


BRITISH BUTU9/VA1ET, 50. sinrfe 
seeks permcnent posbon, UK/Eumfc- 
Likes cMdren ft onimab. Gal do am- 

to to teadi hetary and English to Mfagud pie cooking. Goad 
ffo. I Students at secondny level, aid to be I “™e, avorktole now. Box 

«icy in Hungmian ft a piofiiiency m responsible fw ihe admfafonjtian and LKT., 63 Long Acre. London, WuE 

Enjfrh. To rjucfify, a comSdate must development of Ihe section's academic FemryecpAKBCH 

have expenenee mjoumafam. tram- program jzU*r«S. 


toachmo exp 
school^, a re 

Square superb house wrti green 
views tram ft rear. 5 bedrooms, 3 
bathrooms. 2 good recensions, ewrf- 
lent order. 60yemv E375U00. Week. 
ends 870 4701 Weekdays 499 2910. 




i wre tnLxrncTiLa fli ja/Tmwm, irnns- iawwl g ___ m . , __ . 

fawg/irterpr«bng Engfah irto Hun- Cmrfdatas should have conskfarable 

ewBazzffz s a.*saaa»jss 

Hunmnon. Merested concfcfaes and how Engfah cs their mother ^ 

shoud send resumes to- Vox* of tongue. Huentcy in fiench desrabfa. — 1 ?! once - Tet P) 952 31 35 

R « r ! 1 ®S«l5 FVjoement Di- 5nlary acrord»M to quaEfcrtiora cxvd SRMANKAN GWL speaks Engith /L 
V*° n -/fl? n \L IV £ 330 ?H er T ce - At*****™ tnduting fufi fiench, seeks employment n&nxfa 

W.. WasSngtofi. D.C 20547. CV, photo mtdrtw names of 2 refer- or USA. Housework. eWdeort B 

vmon. Roam 1 192. 330 fadependanen evperwmce. AaiciXions GndixSr 
Aw- S.W.. Wosbngton. D.C 20547. CfT photo aSJffa rwnSrfT 
V.OA. n an equal apporftniy ees) should be sent to: 
employer. The At^faphone Section 

International Business Message Center 

llAIYT Trovcftna Campanian. The post 

^ 0 b;p yon* of age. 7 T*w^««'' 7y ran “ GBLMAN COUPLE, 48/38. seeks 
mgenenced , trovefcng ft at W- M 422 B7 72 ton as ft, 

her 50 s on an mtamu t ta n t or fog time ^, ,^ Jlar ^ Dn School. Ruwxnt. Be- jpeakma. Pto^ccA in7U4-2BlI. 

branfa her travels fa riw USA Europe SZ V I 

ft 5outh Amenca. Candidaias should **9^ School Err WOMAN seeks frvwi 

posess a goad cuiturd background. Mo * tl - C'^tor. Midde coobng, 

cheerful clSpasdion ft a goodluiowt- ®-vOrfy native Erv k«. Tet Paris 791 4492. 

edge of Engbih, French ft Spamsh yw h dassioom expen- 

Very pood sdary addnond to ex- S5* ‘K? TPl?c . in - 

pomes wJ be negotiated for the right PSV? . ^ J **' ?: *" March ■ T| 

ctokdoM. RepiymdeS: Box 4imD, ^ I 

LH-T, 63 Long Act. London, WC2E PAGE 9 I 

IIUTABV MW HtOMEGA. 28 r Bovreri. Ptow ___ T_ 7 1 

or USA. Housework. dMan ® 
years tupenence fa Europe. Free 
tenfataWrito Bax \7(ZHeidd Tn- 
hxie, 92521 Neufty C eom. Frame., 

GSLMAN COUPLE, 48/38, seeks po»- 
tan as coak/bulter/dnvar ft cn**- 

■ ^^rPleaseseni 
the time period and « 

■ I [ My payment is 
mm J j ewao^d 

I fctiect or money order to the CHT) 

[““I Rease charge my 
I i credit card: 

j eaE 


I sessui 

n Access HU Euk 

foshxsnofale area near Harrads, no 
agents. AB enquiries to 01-493 71 81 . 

■ AB enquiries to 01 -493 i 



Reese aide below Ute reduced subscription 
pnee selected. Far new subscribers only. 
(Rates valid through Apzd 30. 1965 1 

GRSNTAL MGHTOUB fa ihe best 
suburb of Athens, super deluxe, fatly 
equipped for rent, shore or ode. 
Contact Mr. Khoms by telex 2253IS ; 

Anafayta, Amaroooion, for sale or 

rent, plot of lend of about 5(3,000 
ram. For nfaries, cal: Athens 

ram. For inquiries', cal: A 
8831915, ftflpm Greek time. 

GITFADA. Reskfentnl arm. 128 

piTmiuu xesaenna aim <2B sam. 
flat, 16 km from Athens. 5ea view, let 
6629536 Athens. Tic 216633. 

SWATHOS: Archta04»okor, vilas, 
Imid C. Moscholtol 042441A57 

in thm I nt mn t afionrd HmrtddTri- 

fate MrfmwiMnf ttanafhM 
of a n t O Bo n u adi wnriW- 
widm, moat of Nrflanl are in 
boaaram and rnd hn try, wtt 
, mod & Jost telex is (Pork 
6135951 baton i 10 am., an- 
swning that nw an taka ns 
and your mmtmga w5 
upsts iriUi 406am. The 
torn a US. S9 jo ar toad 
oquhndaat par Bom. You not 
atdoda ea u pd at a mod wer ffl L 

COMPUTRAC The leader in Stack and 
Corrnwxity AncftyBL IBM PC/XT 
/AT new veraen now avaftobk. Com- 
ptVrodr, PO Bax 566. 1211 Geneva 1 
SriteerW &AR1/22J 28 03 31 




Maior national wholestrfer ft impcrtnr 
ei USA looking far ntxne brand Fro- ] 
grances- YSL, Ophm, Aramis, Extra 
Lauder, Laurea eta Aba none brand 



pmess a good cuiturd background, 
cheerful thjposdion ft a goodknowt- 
■djj* of En0ah, French ft Spannh. 
v»y good sdary oddaend to ex-, 

work/ office deans 
fane. Tet Paris 791 - 

pemex wdl be negotiated for the right, 
amddate. Reply m detai: Box 403/0, 
LKT^ 63 Long Acre. London, VIQE 

Sdmnna G*ny, efo COD Of L'Ctdl 
fa USA pfl 4} 248-1 651 ar tb no. 506176 
MV EN itxrasEi. Our reprasemene 
w* be fa England ft Europe March 

rone brand MILITARY WIVB ft HUSBANDS J rtXB - 

SSSSSSl * "* Britonniea falo?pS ACAD EMIC PROGRAM l 

fane. Nktsi have a car. expenenee not hA-fanc flimness 4 




D Access CD Eurocard 
Sfl □ American Express 
® D Mastercard 
^ CD Diners Chib CD Visa 

I Card account 

number — — 

_ Catdexptryrdate ! 

H My name — - 

y Address 

■ Ctty- 

1 W. — — - — 

liflsaiSEEMfcirt B3 

HOTB. FOR SALE See Busmas Oppor- 


WTITOIOT DAY5 - ORLESS w* be fa En£rt ft 
Yoe cm bow your own btHfaeck- 1935 
-.and padM mere moony fa a day 
than mad people earn m a vaek. How? 


A sura w inner that combinu 3 of to- 1™. '00-«x>m HRST OLA 55 wofl 

n eceM ory. we wil train. Attractive 
eomfags. group insurance, retirement 
program. Representatives needed fa 
G^toy. UJC.. .Iceland, Bei^um. 
Netherliids, Spam. hdy. Greece. 
Tirtoy, South Arabia. For personal 

Admfaj^qrian xstrudor with doctor - 
ST; " St rasbourg, Director of 
Manooemem Pnwrvn Pt—- 


equipped hotel with sgaekisivie bars and 
restaurants is sxuated af the loufawmst 

Tixkey, South Arabia. Far personal 

interview. pjeqM aA Bern or Bab - 
Frankfurt [691 77601 3 or write to So- 
pfaenttnwe 44. 06000 Frankfixr- 
/Mosn 90p W. CkrOTiy. 

1 5. D-600Q Fiqnldurt/M Pnedndw - 



fan. frtxn Horence. panoramic resi- 

non, uh ujuMuTfi, hvdoqkr OQXDOn- 
o. 5260X00. negrtiabte. Drtt. tiigi 
BSaxri, Lungarao ArcMuMri a. 
5012 2 firenie. My. Tet 055 / 




USA. ft WORlIJWlOfi 

UJSJk. ft WORUJWR3E obsentee ownerv.PmWfata fufttme or 
weekonds. There s no need to nave 
A complete soaal ft business service yow preset job. W* theK*msy*HTi 

how and gsnnlMs of Texas Instru- roast oHroknd. Netr otpon. broch RB4A1SSANCE MAN with Swan 4ft 
mens. Panasonic and Kema. Anal cash rod warm ren owned go lf awe. Run- sloop 1 seeks nonemofang personable 
buWMb Custanten eotn* to you. No nfag Amonam romacB, good mrome lady for Mocfaerranean safaig. Scntta! 

No stress. Jltn«o franchise. Afl and fwtmpossitftlm. Yugodovfo. holy. Frana. Span / ml 

fan m oney end the profits Cre 100 % J*"** Bob 1741. Heedd Tribune, Orabaan fa 86. Expenenoe not ral 

yours. Ideal for fondies, vxhvidiiais ar 92521 Neutly Cedex. France important os positive outlook & dewol 




® a ungue atfiechon af 
I. versame ft nuMmgud 
indnduth for: 

Rest af Africa, Canada, bamt America. Gulf Stales 
ftau- 1 Si 3961 1 98 1 109 

BAY OF ISLANDS. 1 Over 20 stare 
Mota Roa biefad USSSOJXXX Write 
Mr. B.F, Bolt, Schowrireg 107, 2243 
BP WoBenore ■' Netforigidi 

you take tomeroe'i picture with o T.V. 
camera and fastartly print it with a 
co m puter. Hi so push-button nmp>A a 
dwean ton il. But the proms oren't lad 

staff. The Kuna system a ponctfe, sets . 

ep m 30minulBS ot tes. anyti me, ony . U5A-5UCCESSRR DALLAS, TEXAS 

There are mautcra or toamqre wan- for man nvestun. AM. Del Roam*. 

important os ptamve outfeok ft dflsro AU PAJR/NAM4Y 25 wra +1Z 
to h eroine n rompaent sotor. Inqira- Farrvty 30 mSesNYC 2 rl 

hve mttfude obtw ifo. interest ei hs- years. 6 

h»y. fa errtute. douteri tntac RSVP, trSid. 

photo, phone, interests. RiR Froefch, IJ-S. “-frrtmmfa.. 7S l j um - 
&LW. 13 St. NY. NY 10011. 

WANTS} M PORTUGAL- Productan r " wm ». P *~>0 with cofxeofreS. 

Manager for mil PASSAP aquaped *220 UumatonAve. 

knitt^fonLteMbetfwouS^- Jfa- 2fl. NY 10^8. ' 

perimed m Production pTonmig. AU PAS IMlffiniAlE. Nw. kivt ! 


C-aid expaydate. 

, Stgnatuw. 




330 W. 56th St, N.Y.C 10019 

Service Representatives 
Nraded fesriduide. 






mg to be tuect— 
order crapfioation. 
$9300 and m. , 

Frankfurt / W. Germany, ' 
747906 Tic 412713 KEMA 


Apnrtments m Mantreux on Lake 
Cesmm. Also aroftable in famous 
luoantiiifi reurte Wars, Verhier, les 
“wroti. Oweau D'Ow near 
Gflaad, Leysm. Chalets available. &t- 
aflenf appoAefaws for fomenn. 




tyyy”” fa* 1 <* 5™^“: Ofaing. sSSr&ZS?; i 

deteSs. Ovenem EmpoyinHt! Ser- wrung, roonTa 

«es. Oept..HT, P. O. 8w 4 60, Town pfotata D. 

pMv ^ it Royal, Quebec Ctnxia tain Dr,, Ausifajfx 787^ °° Mwv 

ErtlHTHl Exceflert opporVuty for 

faderidud or orga m zahon fo reqyt care of 3 dost To £ e 


d itartgoges «e (MX imerest. 

l*erd mo rtgag es a 6Wt inwest. 

Av Man Repos Ji. 1005 Lausanne, 
Swift e r fi tod. Tet ffl) 22 35 li 
Tele*: 25 185 MEUS CH. 

The TerraBH af Gaaava Oaif end 
Caunlry Osfa - lovely tawnhouses 
avafabie d attractive pricas. 

to suuBufii martebng 

We can provide pr un» ba * nd i fieaiflit 
of ooldaid for orixtroge tronsachatB, 
Reasonable fwH. ™?pf 

Mulnfingua ConvmnoalKm Consull'cy j Ladon bared. Telex 8951622. TeL 01- 

Sarnia House. Church Lent 
SI. Sampson. Guernsey fCJJ 


Your best buy. 

fine damondlin any pnee range 
at lowest wholesale prices 
(bred from Antwerp 
center af the dktmond world. 
Ful guarame. 

For free pnee lit wnta 


RECRUITER. Excellent opportunity far 
indhridud ar organization to recruit 
far medal ft veterinary Kheds. £*- 


27, PR' PA experience, hfotary of Art 
aadtxtle. fire la ftqveL blngud, 1 
woks for London base 

,>uausHBt l 5S2? a LSfR2 , t5EIf*i2! 

reported adhere, both fa New York 

(MTHilfEMlIUI t 


flefiaomtraat 62, 0201 B Antvmtp 

board, fond resume 2949 AteSIlj 

Bead! CA 926 51 


room, swuirann "~r'v* f v_Own 

Exclusive DAKS 
clothes and 
accessories for 
rrien and womet 
available from . 
DAKS stockists ( 
around the worlo- 

- ■- ‘ 

'nU I 1 " 

■ s 5 

1 l a 1 

1 .fhicr 1 

X,; . 


■te. • - . • 


1 V V •:. 

3 pm, 9 pxa. 

London hosed q penfafl s TTet 

pm, 01 -as Q36B(l#3^ 

State |xyfowwi*coe«L Betem - Tet (fe 31 234 07 51 
Bq* refetMK ttewbte PUaw Tb.- 71779 syl b- At (he burned Oub. 
^1 ^ ^ *"***> [Xofflond ‘"**7 

Imprimis par Offprint, 73 rue de rEvanglie, 75018 Paris. 


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