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The GIo 
in Paris, 

Hoik Kong, 

The Hague and 



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Published With The New York Tunes and The Washington Post 

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No. 31,728 




Britain Rules Out Nitze lists 
Talks on Mine Strike Limits on 

New Anns 


- ^ ~ V r j^ ij>C 


.r - V* 4 ’5*i 

s r 


LONDON — Britain’s energy 
secretory, Peter Walker, ruled out 
Thursday any more talks on resolv- 
ing, the ll-mouth coal strike. He 
told miners that the only way to 
end the dispute was to return to 

The National Union of 
Mineworkm responded by voting 
to press ahead with the strike, mak- 
ing it almost certain that the dis- 
pute will go into a second year. 
However, the union said it was stQl 
willing to negotiate an end to the 

Mr. Walker expressed disap- 
pointment at the failure of the lat- 
est peace efforts and blamed the 
president of the National Union of 
Mineworters, Arthur ScaigQL 
“I am afraid there will not be 
more talks." Mr. Walker told a ra- 
dio interviewer. “Miners will have 
to decide whether they want to go 
to work and take whai is on offer or 
whether they want to stay behind 
•Mr. ScargQf shouting his revolu- 
tionary intentions. We have 
reached that stage." 

On Wednesday, union leaders 
rejected peace terms worked out by 
mediators from other unio ns be- 
cause the state-run National Coal 
Board was masting on the right to 
shut unprofitable mines. 

The two sides hardened their po- 
sitions after the failure of media- 
tion efforts by a group of trade 
union leaders trying to bring them 
together fix' then 1 first formal talks 
in almost four months. 

'■ The attempt faltered on the issue 

.. that originally caused the strike last 

March: whether mines should he 
; ^ closed on economic grounds. 

. .. • r - ^-7 Union leaders rejected what the 
„■ r \ mediators called the “best and fi- 

: r . _ . naT offer from the state-owned 

J.T' coal board cm Wednesday an the 
. ’ .7 ground that it involved no conces- 
aon on pit dosures. Mr. Scargffl 
said the latest proposal was “infi- 

^ nitdy worse” than the previous 

_ one. 

*■_. c*. ^ The union leaders then won dear 

*-—** , s backing to continue the strike from 
a conference- of more than lOp 
union delegates. 

, ..... The union mediation effort had 
been the highest level attempt to 
end the strike. Seven nnian chiefs 
;V: took part, led by Norman Willis, . 
tesd of the Trades- Ihnoai Con- 
■ ii-z grass. * .. V " 

Their week of negotiati o ns in- 

jV : — — 

W ?JC C v 


Peter Walker 

doded a meeting with senior minis- 
ters induding Prune Minuter Mar- 
garet Thatcher, her first direct 
involvement in strike talks. 

The collapse of the initiative left 
the government and the cool board 
pinning their hopes on the contin- 
ued erosion of the strike. 

Three-quarters of Britain's 
188,000 miners went on strike last 
March but many have drifted back 
to work. The board says 87,000, or 
46 percent, are working. About 
1,700 ended their support for the 
strike this week, it said 
The union called for more sup- 
port from other British onions and 
said it was ready for fresh peace 

The coal board spokesman, Mi- 
chael Eaton, said Wednesday that 
he was “extremely distressed” by 
the union's rejection. “We just have 
no further to go,” he said 
The strike began March 12 over 
coal board plans to shut 20 pits and 
efiminale 20,000 jobs. 

Direct negotiations between the 
two sides brake down in October 
and the miner s imian and the 
Trades Union Congress have 
pressed for a resumption. 

■ Miners Go to South Africa 
About 600 former British coal 
miners are now working in South 
Africa, where they earn eight times 
the rate paid to black miner s 
James Mofiatsi, prescient of Sooth 
Africa's mainly black National 
Union of Minewrakeis, said.IWs- 
day in- Stockholm, recording to 
Agence Prance-Presse. 

Space Weapons 
Must Survive 
First Strike 

By Bernard Gwertzman 
New York Tuna Service 


Nitze; the Reagan administration's 
senior arms control adviser, has 
outlined a set of stringent condi- 
tions that he said should be met 
before the deployment of new de- 
fensive weapons m space. 

Among these conditions, he said 
Wednesday, was that the technol- 
ogy “must produce defensive sys- 
tems that are survivable,” able to 
withstand a pr ee mp tive nuclear at- 
tack. Otherwise, Mr. Nitze said, 

“the defenses would themselves be 
tem p tin g targets for a first strike” 
and this would “decrease, rather 
than Anhan ce , stability.” 

He also said the new systems 
must be “cost-effective at the mar- 
gin, that is, they must be cheap 
enough to add additional defensive 
capability so that the other side has 
no incentive to add additional of- 
fensive capability to overcome the . __ __ ^ M _ — 

... Steady Rains Baldriffe Says U.S. Procedures Allow 

offensive systems to offset the de- m m *L O J 

Hold Promise Secrets to Fall Into Moscow’s Hands 

trosyan ts, right, chairman of the Soviet State Commit- 
tee for the Use of Atomic Energy, and Hans Blix, 
director-general of the International Atomic Energy 

Agency, signed an agreement in Vienna on Thursday 
tint provides for agency inspection of civilian nuclear 
facilities in the Soviet Union for the first time. Moscow 
called the agreements great, important step.” Page 4. 

“encourage a 
tenneasureS mid additional offen- 
ttpons to overcome 

Of Relief 

sive wear 

ployed defenses, instead 
redirection of effort from offense _ 

'°-K« Union, in jnsdfying Rl Z imbobWe 

its criticism of the U.S. space re- 
search program, has argued that 
any new defensive weapons could 
have an aggressive purpose, to 
shield the United States while h 
attacked the Soviet Union. It 
warned that this .would force the 
Soviet Union to develop new offen- 
sive weapons. 

In his remarks before the World 
Affairs Council of Philad elphia, 
Mr. Nitze sketched the way that he 
believed future aims control nego- 
tiations and space defease develop- 
ment should be handled in mnpng 
decades. The text of the speech was 
teased in Washington. - • •• " 

He said that even if it were tech- 

(Contraaed on Page 2, CoL 1) 

-IS- - 


Strike Back 
"At Shiites 

Gandhi on Links to U.S. 

Arms Sales to Pakistan a Big Problem 


By Rone Tempest 

Los Angeles Tima Service 

NEW DELHI — While express- 
ing hope far better relations be- 
tween India and the United States, 
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi has 
made it dear that closer ties' are 
hindered mainly by the continued 


- ‘ TEL AVIV — Israeli soldiers 

ted by Lebanese mflitiamen 

raided Shiite villages in southm 
ms'- L ebanon on Thursday, ltiDmg at US. supply of” weapons to Palri- 
- L - 13 least three people in assaults stan. 
r«Jauncfaed under a new Israeli oper- ^ 

Ration aimed at curtailing guerrilla ^ 

^.attacks. dhisaid of 

The Israeh drive is aixoed at Sid- 

t^i;ilevillagecsbeJievedtobere^ons- U3. policy. We have an open 
.^T.-ble for most of the recent a tt ac k s nrind, ^ there have always been 

interviews with 
es limes, Mr. Gan- 
..S- In dian rdations: 


problems with the arming of Paltir 
stan. We see these weapons as ulti- 
mately being used against ns. Tins 
worries us. This is the bluest prob- 
lem we have with the United States 
in our region. 

“We want to live in peace with 
all of our neighbors, we can’t af- 



its forces, who have lost more 
, dhan 600 troops since Brad's invar 
^tion of Lebanon is June 1982. 

Isradi newspapers said the new 
'*** hive included curfews, p r ee mp tive 
i and spot searches. 

“There is no sense in getting into 

- ,i total war with the Suites, but we 

J>>iave to hit than back so they know (oid to spouTtoo modi on weap- 

,.hey can’t make a rnodcay of os,” ons. So far, we have kept our 
‘‘ ; m officer was quoted as saying. spending to a little more than 3 
"i In Thursday’s operations, mem- percent of oar gross nat io nal prod- 
; 3cra of the L eban e se militia.' known ucl This is much lower than most 
■ is the South Lebanon Army, killed other countries. We fed that we are 
wo viDageis and anested dozens, voy balanced and that we have not 

- - note in the village of Arab Salim, taken sides in the world. We try to 
~. lorth of Nabatiyeh, an Israeli 

ource said. An Isradi cdond was 
aDed Sunday in the village. 

In anothw action, Isradi sddiers 
,r : aided the village of Deir Qanoun 
. n-Nahr, near Tyre, killing one vil- 
‘ ^er and wounding another, a 

pokesman fix the United Nations 
cacekeeping fences said. The 1s- 
^ Jadis withdrew after arresting 15 
? Qlagers and dexndishmg a house. 
Lebanese security sources said 
-•'■.sraeli tnxqis crossed their new 
VJont line for the first time anoe 
-vithdrawing Saiurday from the St- 
i^ou area. The Israms raided the 
'-'hfite village Zrariych, north of 
b k Litani River. 

farad's latest offensive against 

judge each casotm its own merit.' 

In the interviews, Mr. Gandhi's 
first with a Western newspaper 
once he became prime minister in 
October after the assassination of 
Indira Qandtri, his mother, the 40- 
year-old leader said he was worried 

of increased funding by 
IS. Central Intelligence Agen- 

cy for Afghan rebels based in Paki- 

“Really, it gives an excuse fix the 
Soviet troops to be there,” he said: 

There have been reports that the 
CIA is spending more than $200 
million to supply the rebels. “This 
is the highest they have spent any- 
where since Yietnain,” Mr. Gandhi 
said. “That is worrying ns as wdi as 
the weapons in Pakistan.” 

Asked if India favored the Soviet 
position, he said; “We don’t like 
airy intervention by any country in 
any other country. And that goes 
equally for both major powers, and 
for smaller powers.” 

Mr. Gandhi balanced his criti- 
cisms of the Soviet Union and the 
United States. For example, he said 
be was encouraged by the derision 
of die New Zealand government to 
ban from its ports U.S. warships 
that could carry nuclear weapons. 
But he said he did not think that 
such actions should be taken only 
against the United States. 

“More countries should take a 
stand against both blocs,” he said, 
“not targeting only one or even the 
two superpowers. Great Britain, 
France and China have the weap- 

“What is getting more and more 
dangerous now” he said, “is this 
talk of a limited or controlled nu- 
clear war. Ibis is a highly danger- 
ous concept, because f don’t think 
that any such war, once started, can 
be controlled.” 

Regarding the conflict between 

(Controlled on PSge 2, CoL 2) 

A * 

- ie 

week after the Israefis completed 
ie first phase of a three-stage wilh- 
-■ a rawal from southern Lebanon. 
i* Meanwhile, the Jerusalem Post 
nd farad had offered sanctuary to 
ebanese who feared reprisals for 
piping Israeli forces. It said some 

• f the coflaborators had already 
sen resettled in IsraeL 

. In the past two months, more 

* an 80 people believed to have 
-Elaborated with the Israelis have 
'•Ten killed in sootbem Lebanon. 

Appeal From Geinayel 
• ion called Tbmsday for interna- 
/»al raterventwa to aid the Isiac- 
» Annyls “inhuman practices” 
allowing the Israeli sweeps 
' rough tfc Shiite' villages, A^nbe 


from Bet- 


Foreign Minister Hans- 


to step down as leader at 
West Germany's Free 
Democrats. Page 2. 

■ Mmgaret Thatcher said sbe 
was optimistic about the out- 
come of the new round of U.S.- 
Soviet arms talks. Page 2. 

■ Edwin Meese 3d. expected to 
be the new U.S. attorney gener- 
al, will take over a dramatically 
changed department Page 3. 


■ dariottePemand, the archi- 
tect and designer, is having her 
first retrospective at age 81. 
Mary Blume reports. Page 5. 


■ The U.&. doHar reached re- 
cords Thursday against the 
British poiuid, 

French franc. 


■ Qatar’s economy is moving 
slowly out of the recession. An 
economic report. Page 9. 

ay at 
Italian lira and 
Page 13. 

By Glenn Frankel 

Washington Post Service 

HARARE, Zimbabwe — The 
three-year drought that halved 
food production and crippled na- 
tional economics in thin region ap- 
pears to be lifting for Zimbabwe 
and some of its neighbors in south- 
ern Africa. 

Two m»nrh« of steady rainfall 
has domed farmlands and fitted 
two-thirds of Zimbabwe’s reser- 
voirs, setting the stage for what 
agricultural officials cautiously 
predict may be one of the counties 
best yean ever for food crops. 

“Another diy season would have 
been a terrible disaster ” said John 
Lamie, president of the Commer- 
cial Fanners Union. "We need six 
more weeks N good weather, but so 
far the season has been excellent 
and the recovery in some sectors 
has been almost miraculous.” 

SDas Hungwe, vice president of 
the National Farmers’ Association 
of Zimbabwe, which says it has 
200,000 peasant fanners as mem- 
bers, said: “We are expecting a 
bumper crop throughout the whole 

According to the United Nations 
Food and Agriculture Organiza- 
tion, rain has also fallen in suffi- 
cient quantities in Malawi, Swazi- 
land, Angola, Zambia and parts of 
Mozambique. Nonetheless, be- 
cause harvests are not due for sev- 
eral months, the latter three coun- 
tries and Zimbabwe remain on the 
organization’s pst of 28 African na- 
tions most seriously affected by 

Although there have, also been 
scattered rains in central Africa, 
analysts say the forecast for the rest 
of the continent induding Ethio- 
pia, is still in doubt A senior UN 
official, Bradford Morse, director 
of the Office for Emergency Opera- 
tions, said earlier this month that 
34 miHion Africans remained criti- 
cally nffcr t«f by drought fam- 

South Africa has not been as 
lucky as some of its black-ruled 
neighbors, although good rains 
since Jan. 15 have prevented a repe- 
tition of last year’s economic disas- 
ter when the country was forced to 
import nearly three uriffion tons 
(2.7 mflHrwi metric tons) of com. 
Analysts this year are predicting a 
cam shortage of between 500,000 
and emu miTlinn tnn< ■ 

That opens up the prospect that 
the white- minority government, 
which has long boasted of being 
Africa’s breadbasket, may pur- 
chase com this year from some erf 
its black neighbors. In the past. 
South Africa has purchased most 
of its gram imparts from the Unit- 
ed States but the strength of the 
U-S- dollar may make Zimbabwe’s 
grain more attractive, officials here 

Botswana and Lesotho also are 
still suffering from rain shortages. 
Botswana’s cattle industry has ben- 
efited from late rains but the coun- 
try is expected to produce only 
about 10,000 tons of grain, slightly 
better than last year but far short of 
the 190,000 tons the country con- 
sumes annually. Botswana, with its 
large diamond and r a n chi n g indus- 
tries, is one of the few countries 
prosperous enough to afford large- 
scale food imports. 

There are no official crop esti- 
mates available from Lesotho but 
American observers have projected 
a possible loss of half the country’s 
usual crop. 

Farming is the most important 
eamonric activity in this region. 
Frannnrirt c haw «sfwrtfltHd that the 
drought cost Angola, Botswana, 
Lesotho. Mozambique, Zambia 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 5) 

By Stuart Auerbach 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The Penta- 
gon and other federal agencies al- 
low nrihtary and technical secrets 
to slip into Soviet bands by failing 
to check documents before they are 
automaticallv doringrifiwd i Com- 
merce Secretary Malcolm Baldrige 
complained in a letter to five top 
Reagan administration o fficials 

Mr. Baldrige sought help more 
than a month ago to stop “this 
massive giveaway program that 
permits the Soviets to acquire tens 
of thousands of scientific and tech- 
nical studies as well as other strate- 
gic information.” 

There was no indication 
Wednesday that- Mr. BaWrige has 
i axived any response from his pan. 
16 letter to Secretary— of Stale 
George P. Shultz; Defense Secre- 
tary Caroar W. Weinberger; Don- 
ald P. HodeL who was the energy 
secretary then; Robert G McFar- 

lane. the president’s national secu- 
rity adviser, and James M. Beggs, 
administrator of the National 
Aeronautics and Space Adminis- 

Through a spokesman, Mr. Bal- 
drige dedined to co mmen t on the 
letter, saying he does not discuss 
classified matters. In the letter, 
however, he cited “inadequate” re- 
sults to his requests since 1982 for 
cooperation from the Defense and 
Energy departments and NASA to 
protect strategic information. 

Mr. Baldrige was particularly an- 
noyed by what be considered the 
easy availability of sensitive docu- 
ments of the Defense Department, 
with which the Commerce Depart- 
ment has quarreled repeatedly over 
the disclosure of strategic lu£b-~ 
technology products to the East 
blot • 

Among the studies that Mr. Bal- 
drige said are available to the Sovi- 
et Union is one called “A Simula- 

tion Model of the Army's 
Command, Control Communica- 
tions and Intelligence Process,” 
prepared by the Defense Depart- 

The problem with the documents 
developed, Mr. Baldrige said, be- 
cause “previous administrations” 
opened up vast amounts of govern- 
ment studies “to combat what they 
perceived to be overdassjfication*' 
and to allow greater public access 
to government-financed studies. 

Although the Commerce De- 
partment operates the National 
Technical Information Service, 
which acts as a clearinghouse to 
make documents available to the 
public, Mr. Baldrige said his de- 
partment latV. the legal authority 
tirstop the d^ssifkatiim process: 

“Moscow fjgtmfi mi led access to 
all information in NT1S through 
the All-Union Scientific Research 
Institute, winch is a prominent sub- 

(Contnmed on Page 4, CoL 4) 

Icy Race Hits 
A WarmSpot 

In Up- 

GNP Revised Up 
To 4.9% Rate 
Jn Last Quarter 

By John M. Boxy 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — The econo- 
my finished 1984 on much more of 
an upbeat note than had been re- 
prated earlier, with fourth-quarter 
gross national product rising at a 
4.9-percent annual rate,_the Com- 
merce Department said Thursday. 

That was a percentage point 
higher than the preliminary infla- 
tion-adjusted figure of 3.9 percent 
released last month and more than 
2 percentage points above the ini- 
tial estimate of 2.8 percent made 
before the quarter ended Dec. 31. 

The latest upward revision in 
GNP, which is the country’s total 
output of goods and services and 
the broadest measure of economic 
health, was based on more com- 
plete information op economic ac- 
tivity in the October-December pe- 

The revision was due primarily 
to a better trade performance and a 
smaller drop in business inven- 
tories than was estimated earlier. 
However, some gains in those areas 
were partly offset by a downward 
revision in the level of business 
investment in equipment, the de- 
partment said. 

Economic growth for all of 1984 
was also revised upward to 6.9 per- 
cent from the earlier estimate or 6.8 
percent The revision left 1984 with 
the best economic growth in more 
than three decides — since an 83- 
percent rise in 1951. 

The economy’s growth slowed 
unexpectedly in the summer and 
early fall last year, holding the in- 
crease in real output to only 1.6 
percent in the thud quarter. But 
growth has accelerated again and 
more rapidly than many forecasters 
bad expected. Matty now bdieve 
that the economy wfll expand by 4 
percent or 5 percent this quarter. 

Administration and private 
economists have predicted a 
growth, rate of 4 percent for this 
year and most agiee that is the 
minimum necessary to improve the 
unemployment rate. 

With the revisions, the economy 
is now estimated to have grown at a 
33-percent rate in the second half 
of 1984, down from the 8.6-percent 
rate of the first half. 

The Commerce Department also 
revised upward its estimate for in- 
flation in the fourth quarter. The 
GNP impbtit price deflator, which 


LEEUWARDEN, Netherlands 
— As hundreds of thousands of 
spectators flocked to canals to 
watch, the padiamenl adjourned a 
debate and millions watched on 
television, a 26-year-old dairy 
farmer won a rarely run skating 
maratbon Thursday over the frozen 
waterways in the Netherlands. 

At the finish of the 20(Mtilozn&- 
ter (124-mile) race in the 
at Friesland, Evert van ‘ 
from the tiny northern village of St 
Jansklooster, was garlanded by 
Queen Beatrix. 

The race, called the elfsteden- 
todti, or 11 does tour, has beat run 
only 12 times tins ceatmy. Mr. van 
Ben them completed Thursday^ 
tour in 6 hoars 47 minutes, which is 
48 minutes ahead of the record set 
in 1954. Behind him, 16,000 ex- 
hausted competitors struggled. 

When the last dfst e den l o c ht was 
run, in 1963, only 214 of about 
10,600 competitors finished. But 
Thursday’s weather was quite 
warm, with temperatures just 
above freezing, and thousands of 
those who began were expected to 
complete the tour. 

The weather rarely allows the 

Some of the 16,000 competitors in the rarely run, 124-mOe 

etfsfcedentodrt sk a t i ng past a windmill m Friesland province, on die wmah and waterways. 

measures cnanges m certain prices 
and types of production, rose at a 

In Netherlands 

rate estimated last month. 

Similarly, the GNP fixed-wcigbl- 
ed price index, a measure that is not 
affected by changes in the mix of 
actual goods and services pro- 
duced, rose at a 3.4-percent rale, a 
tenth of a percentage point more 
than thepreJinrinaiy figure. 

Both the level of net exports and 
the pJiang p jo business inventories 
had markedly different impacts on 
the overall GNP figures in the third 
and fourth quartern. 

The steady stream of better eco- 
nomic statistics in recent months, 
including the upward revisions in 
GNP, have convinced virtually all 
forecasters that any danger of re- 
cession this year has all but van- 

After the unexpected pause in 
the expansion during the summer, 
a number of economists had 
warned that a recessi o n, or at least 
a period of near-zero growth was at 
hand. . Now, the forecasts generally 
show solid growth for the rest of 
the year. 

For instance, a recent forecast 
from Townsend-Grcenspan & Co., 
a New York consulting firm head- 
ed by economist Alan Greenspan, 
calls for real output to rise at a 4- 
percenl rale or better in the first 
three quarters and at a 3.4-percent 
rate in the fourth quarter 

Japanese Says West Is No Economic Contender 

By Sam Jameson 

Las Angela Tima Service 

TOKYO — Noboo Matsuna- 
ga, the ambassador-designate to 
the United States, has declared 
Lhat Japan is so strong economi- 
cally that the United States and 
Western Europe “can’t compete 
at all” with his country under 
present tariffs. 

Mr. Matsnnaga. who is to take 
up his post in Washington late 
next month, made the unusual 
comment Wednesday at the Ja- 
pan National Press Club. 

He said that, in golf terminol- 
ogy, the United States and West- 
ern Europe must have their 
handicaps raised in order to com- 
pete with Japan. 

Japan, the former deputy for- 
eign minis ter said, received “the 
strongest blow in the world” as a 
result of the sharp rise in ail 

Noboo Matsnnaga 

prices in 1973 and 1974, and has 
not rally overcome the effects at 
that shock but has grown strong 
in the process. 

“I think the Japanese economy 

can cope with raiher severe prob- 
lems,” be said. “We should have 
more confidence in the 
of our economy. The time 
come for Japan to pidi up the flag 
of free trade and take the lead in 
poshing for a new round of multi- 
national trade negotiations.” 

Except for “a tiny number of 
items,” Mr. M a t s nn a g a said, Jap- 
anese tariffs have been reduced to 
at least the same or lower levels 
than tariffs in Europe and the 
United States. 

“But our economic strength 
has changed dramatically” he 
said. Therefore, be added, “the 
United Stales and Western Eu- 
rope can't compete at afl. That is 
the condition which has devel- 
oped. We Japanese should pay 
attention toil” 

Mr. Maiamaga said the Japa- 
nese take seriously proposals in 

the U3. Congress to impose an 
across-the-board surcharge on 

“If such a surcharge is im- 
posed, there is no doubt that the 
work! economy would move dra- 
matically in the direction of con- 
stricting trade,” he said. “Great 
chaos would occur in the manage- 
ment of the would economy.” 

He said Japan should respond 
to Reagpn administration pleas 
for “ammunition” to combat 
such protectionist moves in Con- 

be said, wfll not be able 
to shift its policy 180 degrees 
overnight to open its marl^ 
completely in roedfic areas now 
# issue with the United 
These, he said, included forestry 
products, electronics, telecom- 
munications equipment, 
eq uipment i 


f- / 

Page 2 


Thatcher Says She Has 'Real Hope’ 
For New U.S.-Soviet Arms Talks 

By John M, Gosbko 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — Prime Min- 
ister Mar«aret Thatcher said 
Thursday she has “a real hope" 
that the U.S.-Soviet arms control 
negotiations beginning next month 
will lead to substantial reductions 
in the nuclear arsenals of the two 
superpowers, although she expects 
progress to be slow. 

S. Gorbachov, in December, said 
she believed that East-West meet- 
ings on a wide range of issues could 
help to promote the arms control 

She said: M 1 found the greatest 
possible interest on Capitol HUi, 
and indeed everywhere in Wash- 
ington, in the view we have taken 
after Mr. Gorbachov’s visit to Lon- 
don that we should have as many 

“What gives me hope are two talks as possible with the Soviets. If 
tilings," Mrs. Thatcher said at a ** are to get better results in arms 

press conference before concluding 
a tiuee-day visit to Washington 
1 during which she addressed a joint 
. me e t ing of Congress, met with 
* President Ronald Reagan and the 
: chairman of the Federal Reserve, 
:■ Paul A. Volefcer. 

' “First,” she said, “is the nature 
. of the weapons themselves and the 

- belief that we have too many on 
both sides. Secondly. I think the 
Soviet Union and the West both 

- wish to maintain security but at a 
lower level in the numbers and 

Mrs. Thatcher, who met with a 
Soviet Politburo member. Mikhail 

Nitze Lists 
Space Anns 

(Continued from Page 1) 
nically feasible to develop an effec- 
tive shield against missiles such 
“demanding" conditions would 
have to be met before any defensive 
systems were deployed. 

Mr. Nitze, who is the most expe- 
rienced arms control expert on the 
administration's negotiating team, 
has been cautious about the pros- 
pects far any progress in the newest 
round of talks with the Russians, 
which resume in Geneva on March 
12. He said Wednesday that the 
United States did “not expect the 
Soviets to accept immediately our 
viewpoint or our concept as to bow 

the future strategic relationship 
should evolve.” 

“We do not underestimate the 
difficulties in reaching that objec- 
tive,’' he said. “Quite frankly, it 
may prove impossible to obtain 
and, even if we do eventually reach 
it, it wiD not be for many, many 
years, perhaps well into the next 

The administration’s objective, 
as described by Mr. Nitze, is to 
eliminate nuclear weapons over the 
next several decades. He said at 
least the next 10 years should be 
spent in maintaining the policy of 
deterrence through the threat of 
ultimate nuclear retaliation. 

But, at the same time, he said, the 
United States will press in this peri- 
od for “radical reductions in the 
number and power of strategic and 
intermediate-range nuclear arms.” 
It will also seek to prevent “ero- 
sion" in the existing treaty on anti- 
ballistic missiles, which limits each 
side to 100 ABMs in one area of its 

In this period, research would be 
pursued on the space weapons pro 

E m, called the Strategic Defense 
dative by the administration 
and “star wars" by some others. He 
said he also expected the Soviet 
Union to continue its research in 
that field. 

Should research into a defensive 
system prove feasible, he said, there 
should be a transition period last- 
ing perhaps several decades, in 
which both sides would begin to 
mix defensive and offensive weap- 
ons, placing “greater reliance on 
defensive systems." 

Other administration officials 
have said the main question was 
whether it was technically feasible 
to build an effective system, but 
Mr. Nitze went beyond that 
“The criteria by which we will 
judge the feasibility of such tech- 
nologies will be demanding," he 
said. “If the new technologies can- 
not meet these standards, we are 
not about to deploy them.” 

“In that event," Mr. Nitze said, 
“we would have to continue to base 
deterrence on the ultimate threat of 
nuclear retaliation. However, we 
hope and have expectations that 
the scientific community can re- 
spond to the challenge." 

He said the United States envis- 
aged this “transition period” as one 
of “cooperative endeavor" with the 
Soviet Union, “We would, for ex- 
ample, envisage continued reduc- 
tions in offensive nuclear arms,” he 

At the same time, he said, “we 
would envisage the sides beginning 
to test, develop and deploy surviv- 
als and cost-effective defenses at a 
measured pace, with particular em- 
phasis on nonnuclear defenses." 

control, we have to have a better 
dialogue and understanding.” 

Although Mrs. Thatcher is 
known to be concerned about the 
effects of the U.S. budget deficit on 
the British economy, she said that 
she had not given Mr. Reagan ad- 
vice about reducing the deficit or 
bringing down the rising value of 
the U.S. dollar. 

“i don’t think he needs any mes- 
sages to get the deficit down,” rite 
said. “He is very much aware of the 
problem. It’s an enormously diffi- 
cult job, whether in the United 
States or Britain, and I don’t have 
any list of rapidly ready answers 
that I could pull out and give to 

She reiterated her support for 
Mr. Reagan’s Strategic Defense 
initiative of research into anti-mis- 
sile defease systems. But she also 
emphasized her Dec. 22 agreement 
with Mr. Reagan that the 1972 
Anti-BaQistic Missile Treaty bars 
the United States from deploying 
such systems without future negoti- 
ation s with the Soviet Union. 

“It is acknowledged that if it 
comes to deployment, you must ne- 
gotiate,” she said. “In any case, we 
are talking about something that 
involves an enormously long time 
— many, many yean — between 
research and any deployment” of 
anti-ballistics systems or other 
space weapons. 

Mrs. Thatcher also said that 
Britain agreed with the United 
States in its decision to withdraw 
from nearly all military coopera- 
tion with New Zealand because of 
that country’s refusal to permit 
port calls by US warships that are 
carrying nuclear aims. 

“I am as disappointed as you are 
over the approach taken by the 
prime minis ter of New Zealand,” 

she said. “He knows my view." 

British officials mad e dear that 
when Prime Minister David Lange 
arrives in London later this week, 
he will be advised that Britain in- 
tends to follow the \J.S. lead and 
refuse to allow British vessels to 
call at New Zealand! ports if they 
are required to say whether they 

Thatcher said Britain felt 
“very dose” to New Zealand, a 
member of the Commonwealth, 
and would be “very disappointed if 
British ships are unable to go 

Bot she added: “1 have no inten- 
tion of answering questions about 
the strategic condition of British 
warships. I hope they will not ask. I 
cannot and win not answer that 

Is Leaving 
Party Post 
In Germany 



Hundreds More Arrested in Pakistan 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (APj — Hundreds of 


ventive detention" measures , incorporated [m 


Margaret Thatcber met with Paul A. Voteker, chairman of 
the Federal Reserve Board, in Washington on Thursday to 
discuss die effects of the U.S. deficit mid the rising dollar. 

Gandhi Says Arms Sales Hurt Ties to U.S . 

BONN — Foreign Minister 
Hans- Dietrich Genscher is due to 
step down as leader of West Ger- 
many’s Free Democratic Party this 
weekend in an apparent attempt to 
heal internal divisions and reverse 
the party’s flagging fortunes. 

Mr. Gesscbcr, 57, is due to hand 
over the party chairmanship to 
Economics Minister Martin Bange- 
m a n n at a congress in SaaibrOcken 
aimed at ending more than two 
years of upheaval and often acri- 
monious policy disputes within the 

The longest-serving foreign min- 
ister in the West after a decade in 
office, Mr. Genscher has said he is 
standing aside because government 
work leaves him too little time to 
deal with party affairs and prepare 
for an election due by 1987. 

However, leading parry officials 
say he has responded to pressure 
for a new leader to help to over- 
come deep internal divisions left by 
the Free Democrats’ switch from a 
coalition with the Serial Demo- 
crats to an allian ce with the Chris- 
tian Democrats in 1982. 

“Genscher knows that his critics 
in the party will not keep quiet 
while he is stiD in charge,” a senior 
West European diplomat said. “He 
also knows that if the FDP doesn’t 
soon pull itself together, it faces 
political extinction.” 

After the Free Democrats joined 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl's Cfaris- 



the elections,” adding, “we want to ensure that the 

P ^Sc«Sw^wid more than 650 persons have beat piacedmcustodyso 
far The latest arrests were believed to be the largest number m a angle 
sweep during the current crackdown- Campaigning for national and 

Greece, U.S. to Sign Aviation Accord 

ATHENS (AP) — Greece and the United States have reached.a^ee- 
ment on a one-year civil aviation accord for U.SL airlines flying into 
Greece, a government spokesman said Thursday . - . 

The mokffiman, Dimitri os Maroudas, said Ua an d Gree k officials 
would sign the new agreement on Friday. But the agreement, winrii 
extends the present status of aril flights between the two countries, to 
not solve a tong-running dispute over bow many U.S. ai rl in es should be 
permitted to fly into Greece. 

At present only Transworid Airlines runs scheduled fl igh t s to Greece. 
“Talks will continue over the next year for a new long-term agreement 
and balanced financial regulations will be made by both Sues, Mr, 
Maroudas said. Greece unilaterally abrogated a 1946 civil aviation 
agreement last year, saying it was “one-sided and colonial and gave 
excessive rights to American rivfl aviation at the expense of Olynqric 
Airways." ' 

UJL Program on Phone Taps Banned 

LONDON (Reuters) — A television documentary d a nnrn g that Brit- 
ain’s counterespionage service taps the telephones of unionists, leftist 
poli tici ans aoo pacifists, has been banned from bring broadcast, fits 
producer has said. • 

The allegations were made in a documentary, “MIS’s Official Secrets.'* 
The show’s producer, Claudia Milne, said the Independent Broadcasting 
Authority, winch supervises co mm ercial television, banned the film 
because it believed that it breached the Official Secrets Art. The program 
was scheduled to have been shown Wednesda y . 

The general secretary of die Campaign for Nuclear Disarma m ent, 
Monsignor Bruce Kent, said: “It is a very oowardhragproadL’’ Lany 

linn Democrats to form a center- Gas tin. general secretary of theNational Council for Qvti Libcrtks, said: 
winU t HiWin ff l iWfl I itl l W W f rtf “The IBA is aiding and abetting a cover-up instead of protecting the 

public’s right to know.” 

(Cautioned from Page 1) 

the United States and the Soviet 
Union over the presence of more 
than 100,000 Soviet troops in Af- 
ghanistan, Mr. Gandhi said: “We 
want both sides to lay off, to put it 

The prime minister also said that 
India would not resume its pro- 
gram of developing nuclear weap- 
ons, even if Pakistan makes its own 

“It is very difficult to foresee 
every situation,” Mr. Gandhi said, 
“but at the moment I don’t see a 
situation arising where we would 
Start up a g ain making the bomb. 
Just the fact that Pakistan made a 
bomb would not make us change 
our policies.” 

“We don’t want to become the 
same as the others,” he added. 
“That would only make the situa- 
tion worse, not better. It would 
make us no different than the oth- 
ers who are making a bomb, whom 
we are trying to talk out of making 
a bomb." 

On a two-day ration campaign 
trip through four Indian states and 
25 cities, the picture of Mr. Gandhi 
that emerged was that of a leader 
who seems more objective and 
open-minded, less strident and po- 
lemical, than his mother, who ruled 
India for 16 of the past 18 years. 

In the two days of strenuous 
campaigning, aimed at winning 
control of state legislatures for his 
Congress (I) Party, Mr. Gandhi ap- 
peared before wildly enthusiastic 
crowds in cities and tiny, tribal 
hamlets alike. The crowds, the larg- 
est of which numbered about 
200.000 people, were estimated to 
total more than 2 million people. 

“During the parliamentary cam- 
paign,” said PJ 1 . Pande, a journal- 
ist who often accompanies the 
prime minister, “people said the 
crowds were coming jost to see the 
new man or because of sorrow oyer 
his mother. Now they are coming 
to see him. They are his crowds.” 

Mr. Gandhi's anti-corruption 
campaign has been the boldest of 
his efforts since his landslide elec- 
tion in December. 

Gandhi’s Views 
On Domestic Issues 

Sri lanknn Fears About India: 

I made it very dear to press reporters the other 
day »h?t there is no question of India's intervening 
in Sri innka But I don’t think they are fully in 
control of thrir armed forces. We’re getting terrible 
reports about the army in our newspapers. That 
makes it difficult for us. I told Lalith Auuilathmu- 
dali [the Sri Tanka minister of national security, 
who met with Gandhi two weeks ago], “as long as 
there is a feeling in India that you are committing 
atrocities on the civilian Tamils — not the terror- 
ists. but the nonterrorists — it is very difficult for 
us to help you.” 

India’s Role as a Nndear Power: 

It is very difficult to foresee every situation, but 
at the moment 1 don't see a situation arising where 
we would start up again making the bomb. Just the 
fact that Pakistan made a bomb would not make us 
change our policies. We don’t want to become the 
same as the others. That would only make the 
situation worse, not better. It would make us no 
different than the others who are making a bomb, 
whom we are trying to talk out of making a bomb. 
We have been a very good example to the world. 
Firstly, because we can make a nodear bomb, and 
have not done so. Secondly, because we will not be 
drawn into a race. 

Rajiv Gandhi 

His Anti-Corruption Drive: 

a make-oc-break thing with India If family plan- 
ning doesn't work, then nothing else will work. 
One thing we need is a comprehensive program. 
There is no one method which can be satisfactory 
for everyone. One of the key issues is education, 
more Sfxdfically, women’s education. By that I 
mean not education about family planning, but 
just education, normal education. 

We’ve got our fingers crossed. We've really tak- 
en on the whole test at one blow. We could have 
tried it piecemeal, but we probably never would 
have made it- The system over the years has slowly 
deteriorated, and the corruption sort of inched 
itself in at an levels — everywhere. We've got to 
change the mental attitude of the people about 

Family Hanning: 

India’s Population Growth: 

Our program is much bigger than it has ever 
been before. We are concentrating on it It really is 

There is no tension on this issue at this moment. 
One method [of sterilization] that is becoming 
extraordinarily popular is laparoscopy. Women 
are really going for it in a big way. They have 
camps set up in villages and schools, where the 
doctors go with their laparoscopes and equipment 
And the women just wait and won’t go away. I’ve 
had doctors teD me they’ve bad about 900 opera- 
tions in one day. The women have even made up 
songs about it that they sing in their camps. 

right government dozens of senior 
and middle-ranking officials quit 

and its popularity plummeted. _ 

£££*£££ Isabel Peron Resigns as Parly Leader 

520-seal West German parliament, BUENOS AIRES (AF} — Pcronist Party offirials said Thursday that 
now has the support of only three Argentina’s former president Isabel Perdn, who lives in sectarian in 
percent of the electorate. This puts Spam, has resigned as leader of the party founded by late husband, 
it below the minimum of 5 percent The party officials said Mrs. Perrin announced her “irrevocable resg- 
of the voles needed to secure a nation” in hand-delivered letters. Mrs. Perrin moved to Madrid when the 
place in the assembly and would military freed her and has not been involved in day-to-day party actiyi- 
mcan political annihilation in an ties. But despite that she has remained the movement’s figurehead, with 
election. powerful symbolic influence through her status as Perrin’s wido w. 

Isabel Perrin served as Juan Perrin’s vice president when he returned 
from exile and was elected president in 1973. She succeeded him after his 
death the following year, but the military deposed her in 1976 and kept 
her under house arrest for five years. Her term as president was marked 
by growing political chaos and economic mismanagement. 

Party strategists have argued 
that the Free Democrats needs a 
more united and vigorous image if 
they are to recoup their popularity. 

Mr. Genscher, chairman or the 
Free Democratic Party since 1974. 
has said he will continue in office as 
foreign minister and even ex- 
pressed hopes of occupying the 
post after the next general election. 

But he has also pledged to leave 
the running of the party entirely to 
Mr. Bangemano. 50. who has said 
he will seek lo reforge an image of a 
credible and indispensable alterna- 
tive to the major forties. 

Although Mr. Bangemann’s en- 
thusiasm and gifts as a speaker ap- 
pear to have made an impact, many 
West German commentators re- 
main doubtful that he will be able 
to pull the Free Democrats out of 
their decline. 

Some predict tension between 
the new chairman and Mr. 
Genscher. who helped to remove 
Mr. Bangemann as the party's gen- 
eral-secretary in 1 975 after he criti- 
cized the alliance with the Social 

Others believe he will be unable 
to pacify some leftist liberals in the 

Vatican Employees Schedule Strike 

VATICAN CITY (Reuters) — The union representing lay Vatican 
employees has scheduled the first official strike in the history of the 
Vatican for Tuesdayuitiess demands ova pay and other issues are met, a 
union official said Thursday. 

The union, representing about 1,650 lay employees, called for the strike 
' pees. U is set to last 24 hours to press a 

during a meeting of about 50 delegates, 
series of demands on salaries, overtime payments, seniority rights and 
other matters. There has never been a strike by Vatican employees, 
although there have been unofficial slowdowns and protests. 

The strike may affect the operations of the Vatican daily newspaper, 
L’Osservatore Romano. Vatican Radio, the postal service and the muse- 
ums. It will not affect the Swiss Guard or security personnel and 'the 
union has guaranteed that essential services wQl be carried out Pope John 
Paul II has strongly defended workers’ rights and he has recognized the 
union. But Vatican sources have said he wants an agreement to be 
readied without a strike. 

Greek Newspaper Publisher Is Slain 

ATHENS (AP) — A gunman Thursday killed a conservative Grade 
newspaper publisher, Nicholas Momfeiraios. The police said his driver 
was wounded and in critical condition. 

xu pauiy rau5l x,u«-i. ux w ^ * ** 

party who have made dear they group that has clairo«i five assassmatioos, mdudmg those of 

hi« nimmiimmi mrvr4 diplomats, since 1975. Mr. Momferratos, Chairman of the board of 
directors of Apogevmatini, was killed at a busy intersection, according to 
the Athens police chief, ManoHs Boanakis. The gunman fired through a 
closed limousine window as the publirfier was being driven to his office in 
the city center, the police said. 

dislike his commitment to more 
rightist economic policies and strict 
limits on social services. 

The strength wielded by the par- 
ty’s leftists is likely to become evi- 
dent at the SaarbrOcken congress 
when it discusses and votes an a 
new base party program. Critics 

have said the proposed new ^pro- 

Sweden Toughens Anti-Apartheid Law 

gram is too far to the right 
present one, drawn up in 1971 . 

During the parliamentary elec- 
tions, he dropped many incumbent 
Congress (I) candidates who had 
served under his mother. For the 
March 2 and March 5 state assem- 
bly elections in 1 1 states. Mr. Gan- 
dhi and his young advisers cut hun- 
dreds of Congress (I) incumbents, 
including dozens of state ministers, 
from the party slates. 

In an informal discussion on 
board his plane, Mr. Gandhi de- 
scribed the anti-corruption effort 
as an agonizing and dangerous 
move. To purge the rolls of candi- 
dates he felt had beat corrupt or 
ineffective meant eliminating many 
longtime professional politicians, 
including many who had been 
strong allies of hi s mother. 

“The system over the years has 
slowly deteriorated,” be said, “and 
the corruption sort of inched itself 
in at all levels — everywhere." 

Chess Chief Denies Soviet Urged End to Game 

By Henry Karam 

Afae York Times Service 

ATHENS — Florendo Campo- 
manes, who halted the marathon 
world chess championship between 
Anatoli Karpov and Gary Ka- 
sparov last week, said Thursday 
that he would consult the players 
before deciding whether to onto 
an early resumption of the match 
The president of the Internation- 
al Chess Federation said in an in- 
terview before flying home to Ma- 
nila that so far he has spoken only 

with Mr. Karpov, the champion. 
He said he had been unable 


reach Mr. Kasparov. 

Mr. Campomanes, who will 
reach Manila on Friday, said be 
had asked the Soviet chess authori- 
ties to arrange a telephone conver- 
sation with the challenger. He de- 
clined to disclose what was said in 
his discussion with Mr. Karpov. 

The champion continued (he dis- 

pute Tuesday when he visited 
Western news or ganiza tions in 

New York’s Subway Gunman Files 
Countersuit Against Two Victims 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Bernhard H. 
Goetz has filed SI countersuits 
against two of four youths he shot 
after they confronted him on a 
New York subway. 

One of Mr. Goetz’s lawyers said 
Wednesday, after filing the coun- 
tersuits, that Mr. Goetz did so to 
prove that “be was justified and 

right" in the shooting. Mr. Goetz’s 
lawyers also filed papers Wednes- 
day asking that multimillion-doUar 
lawsuits by two victims be moved 
from state to federal court. 

Mr. Goetz was arrested for the 
Dec. 22 shootings of four youths he 
said menaced him on a New York 
subway. A Manhattan grand jury 
indicted him only for illegal gun 

res tern news organizations 
Moscow to deliver the text of a 
letter to Mr. Campomanes de- 
manding the immediate resump- 
tion of play. 

Mr. Campomanes set off what 
has become a major scandal in the 
chess world when he announced at 
a news conference in Moscow that 
the players and others connected 
with the five-month match were too 
exhausted to continue. 

In Athens, Mr. Campomanes 
testily rejected widely voiced suspi- 
cions that he bad been influenced 
by Soviet dtess authorities to save 
Mr. Karpov’s crown. The suspi- 

cions arise from a belief that the 
authorities favor Mr. Karpov, who 
is a Russian firmly established in 
Communist Party circles, over Mr. 
Kasparov, also a Soviet citizen but 
an Armenian of Jewish background 
and believed to be less highly re- 

“No one can pressure me, espe- 
cially when it comes to chess." the 
58-year-old Filipino said. “It is 
whai I bold dear, hold dearest It is 
my only religion.” 

Mr. Campomanes said that his 
baiting of the match after 48 games. 
40 of which ended in draws, de- 
prived Mr. Karpov of an advantage 
rather than favoring him. The 
champion won the first five games 
in theories in which the player 
who wins six becomes champion. 

But while Mr. Karpov showed 
increasing tiredness, the challenger 
rallied to win three games. After 
Mr. Kasparov's third victory. Mr. 
Campomanes made his surprise 

He pointed out that his derision 
to Oder a new match starting in 
September with a score of 0-0 
caused (he champion to lose his 
two-match edge. Moreover, his de- 
cision does not give the loser an 
automatic right to a return match, 
Mr. Campomanes added. 

“Maybe there is a link politics in 
this," Mr. Campomanes said. 

“I'm going to deal with him 
properly at the proper time.” be 

Mr. Campomanes said his deri- 
sion had been based on his concern 
for the cause of chess only and had 

can hang me, crucify me, but I 
wonder whether they would still do 
ii with die hindsight of one year 

STOCKHOLM (UFI) — Sweden's parliament has toughened its 
sanctions against the South African policy of racial discrimination by 
widening a ban on Swedish investments m South Africa and it urged 
other nations to follow suit. 

Mats Hellstrom. the minister of foreign trade, said the new law aims to 
express “Sweden's abhorrence of the apartheid regime" in which the 
white minority of South Africa segregates and denies civil rights to its 22 
million blades. “I encourage as many countries as posable to take similar 
action, even at the cost of market shares," he said. 

The new measure, approved by 220-78 Wednesday, doses loopholes in 
a 1979 law banning Swedish companies from making new investments in 
South Africa and Namibia. It prohibits long-term leasing as a means of 
dreumventing the investment ban and provides a clause empowering Ac 
Swedish government to stop technology transfers to South Africa. Eleven 
Swedish companies operate in South Africa, with a total yearly turnover 
of about $180 million. 

“We are dealing with two excel- 
lent players who have discovered 

it ««t ui uuijr ^ jfc pafegj way of achieving 

been under consideration bv him- 

«lf and many chess authoriiies and 5 Ordered to Leave NeW Gdedoiria 

anything they know how to draw. 

They are two experts at tic-tac- 
said, “It is my responsibility. They toe." 

officials for a long time. 

“I have to worry about the two 
greatest players in the world. 


U.S. Says the Russians 
Were Silent on Afghans 

Umied Press TntemmicmaJ and South Asian affairs, led the 
WASHINGTON — U.S. offi- U.S. delegation, and Vladimir P. 
rials, in two days of talks with Sow- Polyakov, Mr. Murphy’s counter- |?_ _ -i 
ct diplomats. Held a “one-way con- part in the Soviet Foreign Ministry, T Ui 106 AcCUrU 

represented the Kremlin. 

NOUMEA, New Caledonia (UPI) — Edgard Pisani. the medal 
French envoy to New CaJedonia, expelled Thursday five rightist activists, 
including a local political party leader, from the French colony in the 
South Pacific. 

The five, who are orginafly from France but have lived in New 
Caledonia Tor more than 10 years, were ordered to leave thrir island 
homes before midnight Thursday because they “belong to an organiza- 
tion likely to disturb the peace,” Mr. Pisani said. 

The expelled group included Claude Sanaa, leader of the rightist 
Caledonian Front party. The five were accused of leading a group of 
white loyalists into the native separatist stronghold of Thw oa Sunday, 
causing a battle between police and separatists in which U persons were 

versa rion” on Afghanistan and 
rejected a proposed conference on 
the Middle East, a State Depart- 
ment official said Thursday. 

The State Department said no 
agreements had been readied in the 
talks on Middle East issues with 
Soviet offirials in Vienna on Tues- 
day and Wednesday, and no fol- 
low-up meetings were scheduled. 

A State Department official, re- 
questing anonymity, said the Soviet 
aides would not discuss Afghani- 
stan because Mr. Polyakov’s Mid- 
dle East portfolio did not indude 
that country. 

Greece's transportation system was disrupted Thursday when 100,000 
taxi, truck and bus drivers began a 24-hour strike to back ttf 

better pensions- (Bases} 

President Ronald Reason was scheduled to hold the first sews confer- 
ence of his second term Thursday night in Washington, beginning at I 
A.M. GMT Friday. It was to be Mr. Rcagan’a 28thfonnaI question-and* 
answer session with reporters. 

>w , The closed talks, the superpow- 

Many people aaoaate Mr Kar- era’ first high-level official discus- 
pov with the establishment May- on the Middle East since 

Rains Hold Promise of Relief in Zimbabwe 

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be those who want to be critical of 
the Soviets want to take up the 
cudgels for Kasparov " 

He said that the challenger had 
originally given his assent to the 
halting of (he match by not protest- 
ing at the. news conference until 
after Mr. Karpov rose to demand 
continuation of play. 

“Silence is acquiescence.” Mr. 
Campomanes said. He added lhai 
he believed Mr. Kasparov insulted 
him in Russian when he made his 
protest, although he had not re- 
ceived a translation. 

2977, were described beforehand as 
an “exchange of views,” not negoti- 
ating sessions. 

“We w»e not attempting to 
reach any agreements or under- 
standings," said a department 
spokesman, Edward Djerejian. 
“The meetings nevertheless were 
useful in clarifying each side's poli- 
cies and positions. They were con- 
ducted in a business-like atmo- 

Richard W. Murphy, assistant 
secretary of state for Near Eastern 

(Continued from Page 1) 
and Zimbabwe at least 52 billion. 
The Food and Agriculture Organi- 
zation has estimated that the 
drought forced the six countries to 
import at least two million tons of 
grain last year alone: 

The coming of the rains is ex- 
pected to have a ripple effect 
throughout the economy. It also 
has impact on the political and so- 
cial climate, and has contributed to 
a mood of optimism here among 
peasants and the predominantly 
white business community that 

could aid Prime Minister Robert 
Mugabe’s bid for a larger majority 
in this year's national elections in 

“There’s no question the drought 
had cast an enormous shadow over 
everyone,” said Mr. Laurie. "But 
now there’s a greater feding of con- 
fidence, a feeling that we’re finally 
over the hump. 

day to provide $880 ^ 

emergency food aid to .At tic a 0 
famine victims, more than top 6 
the amount requested by the ft# - 
gan administration. The Washing 
ton Post reported. 

The full Appropriations Gon* 
rmttee was expected to apptORjgc 

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■ Emergency- Aid BE Gains 
.House appropriations subcommit- 
tees voted unanimously Wednes- 

commitiee chairman. lai me .V 
Whitten, Democrat of Msssskf*; 
said he hoped to bring thematwj® 
the House floor far 
next week. The Senate is srt •» 
begin wort: on amflar messaa 


Page 3 

. ■ •- k- 

I- ->>f. 

U.S. to Send El Salvador 
4 Helicopter Gunships 

. By Robert J. McCartney 

Washington Post Semce 

government plans to supply El Sal- 
- . vador with four rapid-lire helicop- 
ter gunships that the Reagan ad- 
ministration says will expand 
significantly the ability of the Sal- 

are particularly concerned that the 
administration is strengthening the 
Salvadoran Air Force without a full 
debate on the types of weapons 
being provided or on bow they are 
to be used. 

The four new helicopters were 

'- sni As-iag 

signnicanuy me aouity ot the sal- approved as part of a supplemental 
vadoran armed forces to patrol appropriation last year. But at least 
roads and cany out quick-reaction one member of Congress has raised 
.airborne assaults, U.S: officials 

concern about three other Hughes 

said tbs week. 500 aircraft, already in El Salvador, 

The Hughes 500 helicopters are that were not included on a list of 
to be equipped with multiple-barrel U.S.-supplied weaponry that the 
guns capable of firing 5,000 to State Department provided to 
.6,000 rounds a minute, roughly Congress m November, 
double the maximum rate of lire of u 

two 047 airplane gunships detiv- ri Seazus [ Edward M. 

. ered to El Salvador in December. 

. A U.S. Embassy spokesman in L CD £ t ?._ S ^5 ta ^ of S i 

Senator Edward M. Kennedy, 
Democrat of Massachusetts, sent a 

New Director Only One of Many Changes at Justice 

By Ronald J. Ostrow push DOO ! re vigorously on the social Mr. Meese. “That's why the major ideological path at the Jusiice De- er to guarantee equal pay fc 

Angela nma Scmee issues, including abortion and wait-and-see point about Ed is the partment that he pursued in the sons in “comparable jobs. 

^ _ erknisl hmii^ iIim 1.:. J .f »- 1. ^ J • _ iiIl:.. u Du* <^irAe imrrtlvinff tVtfl VT 1 

WASHINGTON Edwin sc ^°°^ prayer, than bis predecessor, kind of people he chooses to come 

Meese 3d. who awaits virtually cer- JJ™* Smith. Tbey pre- to Justice. One of his weak points 

tain confirmation by the Senate to Mr. Meese, a former pros- has been the people he picks, 

be U.S. attorney general, has gener- 5™^ “ Alameda County, Cali- Mr. Meese’s reputation as a poor 

ated both greater fears and higher onua ’ Wllh “ unna S8 m S support manager has the department edgy, 
expectations »han any nominee for tmwwto nuivoio An official who has worked with 

the nation’s top law enforcement NUiWS ANALYSIS him said: 
post in at least two decades. fnr ya „ _ r — „ r _ “He has a good and quick mind. 

Mr. Meese. “That's why the major ideological path at the Justice De- er to guarantee equal pay for per- 
wait-and-see point about Ed is the partment that he pursued in the sons in “comparable jobs, 
kind of people he chooses to come White Home. But cases involving two mdiwj" 

to Justice. One of his weak points Mr. Meese will have plenty to do uals important to the Reagan ao- 

has been the people he picks." in his new job: trying again to re- ministration may prove to be the 
Mr. Meese’s reputation as a poor form immigration law through .pen- ®o* senstive Mr. Me^ 
manager has theoepartment edgy allies for employers who knowingly confronts m his first days. 'll^y are 
An official who has worked with hire illegal aliens and amnesty for Labor Secretary Raymond J. Don- 
htm said: illegal aliens already in the coun- ovan,_ who is on leave wmle imaer 

, , , . , . . try; obtaining the get- touch provi- stale indictment in New York, ano 

K* such Si resioration 5 the Jadde Presser. president of the 
bit he acts on what is put Before . . and linritine habeas Teamsters Union and Mr. Rea- 

the nation’s top law enforcement NEWS ANALYSIS him said: iUe &a] aliens already in the coun- 

posimal leas, iwo decides. for taw eDloiXBIcau ^ , “He he, . sood end quids mind. 

The skcptiffi. quesuomng Mr. strong ties with law enforcement but he acts on wtet is put oefore deat h penalty and limiting habeas 
Meese s administrative compe- agenaes across the country. a large dose of msuncL droppedGom last 

trace, ate his legendary bottomless This much is ■Dire: Mr Mmw Articulation of long-term goals and . 

tmtx, cite his legradarybou^mess Meese, Articulation of long-term goals and 

bncfaiaMn wfcch paperwork is whose nomination has been pend- ** ; means to accomplish them is gj. anSing an official position fraud has fen i 

Ur mg before ^ Senale for more 11x311 - SOn ° ^ spmds on the sensitive question ofwheth- federal attorneys. 

that Mr. Meese. one of President a year while the Senale Judiciary unjc ^ _ __ 

Ronald Reagan’s to p aides during Committee, an independent coun- Mr. Meese’s seeming 

his Orel term, has a record of ap- and die Office of Government m rat to conservative ideology is I PAVTA IVUDIFADT 1Y CWVU 

als, dropped from last gun’s most powerful labor support- 
ling criminal law revi- er, whose prosecution for labor 
iog an official position fraud has been recommended by 

‘ A UA ^o^Tin *5 t ?J HC S5 ,3 L of 
■Jan Salvador sSd?uesday that the 

new gunships were “in the pipe- acquired the three atraaft, and 
line" and «Sd arrive in El SklE£ ^ rapid-fire _ gun, and m what 

Edwin Meese 3d 

dor within the next three months. 
The use of the C47 airplanes 

the rapid-fire gun, and “in what 
situations they are used." 

Of the three Hughes helicopters 

n Phoj *% 

; aroused argument in the U.S. Con- already in El Salvador, the one 
" gress, where some Democrats ex- “1 dipped with a rapid-fire gun has 
pressed concern that the steadily been used to support airborne as- 
'escalating air war in El Salvador saultf and provide covering fire for 

Turnaround Reported 
For 2d Heart Patient 

iwu^iu ujy loiuca uuiiufi uomnnttee, an independent coun- nit. Meese s seeming commit- 

his Orel term, has a record of ap- and [he Office of Government me ui to conservative ideology is 
pointing assista n ts who are high on Ethics inves tigated conflict -of-in- also worrying some department of- 
ldeological com m it me nt but low on terest charges and other allega- ficials. One said Mr. Smith, a weU- 
prachcal knowledge. dons, will taltw command of a de- credentialed political conservative. 

His supporters expect him to partment that has dr amatical ly consistently opposed the expansion 

shifted during Mr. Reagan's first of governmental powers even when 

__ term. used For such conservative causes 



Undo 1 Mr. Smith, for example, 25 stopping abortion, 
the department began to oppose Mr. Meese had no such com- 
scbool busing and job quotas as p unctions, according to another 
aril rights remedies and to relax former official who worked with 
antitrust barriers to corporate him. “it always looks easier to do 
mergers. Only Mr. Smith’s low pro- something from the White House 

• increases the likelihood of civilian 8”*™* tr °°P s ' a military source in LOUISVILLE, Kentucky — 
casualties. The delivery of the new San Salvador said. He said that one The r emar kable recovery of Mur- 
, Hughes helicopters appeared Iikdy “ j* 1 ® was obtained in 1979 ra y p_ Haydon as the world’s third 
'tp fuel further criticism. and the other two came m 1982 or recipient of a permanent artificial 

^ In addition, new questions have ) 983 - “though he did not know heart implant has slowed some- 
arisen about three Hughes 500 hell- ' rora w “ erc - what due to kidney problems, but 

-copters, one equipped with a simi- El Salvador's U.S.-suppIied air doctors say William J. Schroeder. 
lar rapid-fire gun. already in the force has expanded substantially his predecessor, has shown a dm- 
Salvadoran arsenal. since Mr. Duarte’s inauguration, made turnaround in (he lost few 

;■ Congress generally has backed Its fleet of Huey UH-1 helicopters, days. 

- die administration's policy in El with machine guns but used pri- Dr. Allan M. Lansing, chief 
Salvador since the inauguration in manly to ferry troops, has nearly medical spokesman for the artifi- 
"June of President Jos£ Napoleon doubled to 39. including four medi- rial heart team, said Thursday that 

Compiled by Oar Staff From Dapatdus Dr. Lansing said a kidney spe- non confrontational style, than from Justice," he said. 

i r 

LOUISVILLE, Kentucky — rialist had examined Mr. Ha vdon M 1, Meeses supporters Some officials contend, however, 

ie remarkable recovery of Mur- on Wednesday and had said the ““owledge are in short supply ^ Mr. Meese’s reputation as a 
i P. Haydon as the world's third fcidnev problem was due to Mr. ““L prevented these IStWe- right-winger has been overdrawn. 1 
ripient of a permanent artificial Haydon's condition before surgery F 2 ® l ™ l ' r 9 m exploding into ma- other officials say Mr. Meese will 1 
art implant has slowed some- and to the stress of the surgery. jor political issues. . . not n ecessa rily follow the same ' 

tat due to kidney problems, but c . . . ...... B a department that is npe for 



Mr. Schroedo. however might change. Five of the U assis- 
be able leave Humana Hospital mnt attorneys general are serving 
Audubon as early as next week be* jn an acting capacity until Mr 
cause of a startling improvement in Meese recommends full-time ap- 

Dr. ADan M. Lansing, chief l“ s h ? allh and mental outiook. Dr. poimees to Mr. Reagan. J. Paul 

- - -- Lansing said Wednesday. ^ 

McGrath, assistant attorney gener- 

His family has already fitted him ^ ^ or antitrust, has announced that 

Duarte, but the air war is one issue cal evacuation helicopters. Last Mr. Haydon bad become a bit fa- with a tuxedo for his son’s wedding be wil] leave April 1. 

regarding El Salvador where con- month three A-37 Dragonfly jet tigued during three days of other- March 16, an event that Mr. Carol £ Dinkins i 

Jgressional skepticism remains high, bombers were added to the six al- wise flawless recovery from the im- Schroeder has said was one of the step down soon as de] 

. Congressional critics say they ready there. plant operation. main reasons he chose to partici- general, and Solicitor 

March 16, an event that Mr. Carol £ Dinkins is expected to 
Schroeder has said was one of the step down soon as deputy attorney 
main reasons he chose to partici- general, and Solicitor General Rex 

pate in the heart experiment. 

U.S. Court Stirs States Rights 9 Furor 

This news contrasted sharply s £ 
with Dr. Lansing’s earlier report leavc ^ 
that Mr. Schroeder might never go mlianL 
home and that his life might be , 

£ Lee, a key poheymaker and the 
government's chief advocate before 
the Supreme Court, is likely to 
leave at the end of the court’s cur- 

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By John Hcrbers under U5. standards was 

Nm/vork Times Service not considered a factor beranse an 
* WASHINGTON — A furor has Lhe very smallest jurisdictions 
■ erupted among American gover- havewage stmidaids that eqind or 
' -no« mavnrs and other local nffi- U3. mmimum, $335 an 

quired under U5. standards was be brought under US. standards, ihreaiened by his discouragemem J* ‘ 1 

not considered a factor because afl also overruled its own decision of over “ unexplained illness and fe- “““ f ; rc , 

but the very smallest jurisdictions 1976 holding that the constitution ver. Dr. Lansing said Thursday the “5* ] y 25 .ftSS Sminiin 

but me very smallest jurisdictions iv/o holding mat me constitution 
have wage standards that equal or did not permit Congress to “direct- 

fever had subsided. 

■nore, mayors and other local offi- r*™ 
rials over the Supreme Court ruling 3oar ' 
that 13 million state and local gov- - Ra 

emmeni employees are sutgect to National League of Cities, said an 
U.S. wage and hour standards. additional factor was that the gov- 

e U3. minimum, $335 an ly replace the states' freedom to 
structure integral operations in ar- 
Arndt, spokesman for the of Iradilional government func- 
League of Gties, said an dons-" 

I factor was that the gov- Labor Department officials. 

3 term,” said a former adminisira- 
(NYT, AP) tion offirial who has worked with 

I Tei No. (work) ..... (home)-., 

Some said that Tuesday’s 5-4 de- cnl Sf”! s ,T 0 ‘ vcd I '™ : n0 *^ c m^whife lornwhat glumly 
-- cision would raise costs and in- -addle ol the itol^, wlh bud- 

v r*-.’ 

crease bureaucratic red tape. 

But beyond that, there is a con- 
sensus that the ruling strode at the 
heart of efforts by state and local 
governments to win broader au- 
thority through the courts to oper- 
ate their jurisdictions with less in- 
terference from Washington. 

• Governor Bruce Babbitt of An- 

gels already decided, “and now a decision that gave them more 
they are fared with deriding what power than they wanted, 
they are going to do if they don’t By extension, the decision estab- 

have eno ugh mon ey to pay police- lisbes thedepartmatt’s authority to 
men and firemen.” look into the affairs of milli ons of 

But it was unclear what the fiscal public employees, including police 
effect would be. Congress, in enact- officers, firefighters and teachers, a 
ing the 1974 legislation bringing power the department did not seek. 

state and local employees under 
UJL standards, wrote in some pro- 

zona, a Democrat who is a leading visions for unusual shifts so as to 
advocate of restoration of stale restrain the costs. Much of the cost 
powers, said he was particularly factor would depend on how the 
concerned about “the aura of total- Labor Department derided to en- 
-ity” of tbe derision, which leaves force the regulations. 1 

r- : \ V:! 

-Hy” of tbe derision, which leaves force the regulations. 1 

The Supreme Court's derision whoTson leave, preparinghis dc- 
onpobucal rather than con- ^ Scorned by labor muons, fcosc 0 n charges*^ of larceny and 
. .sfctutional grounds. workers and others who said the falsification of records connected 

Governor Babbitt and other gov- legislation was needed to give pub- with a New York subway project, 
ernors said that because the court lie employees the same protections Tbe task of carrying oin the new 
had “taken a walk” there was fear as the private sector, which is cov- mandate apparently falls to the un- 
, that Congress would be free to pre- ered under the Fair Labor Stan- dersecretary, Ford B. Fori al- 
empt state power in areas far be- dards Act, and the federal govern- though “no one’s quite sure who is 
yon d wage and hour standards, in meat. rolling the shots over there," said 

education, crime control, consumer However, the decision was un- Thomas Lamb, staff director for 
protection and other functions usual in that the court, in ruling the House subcommittee on labor 
- where the states have traditionally tha t public tr ansi t workers had to s tandards. 

held authority. 

They also noted that tbe derision 

Revenue-Sharing to Local Governments 
Mght Remain, Senate Republicans Say 

has held that the stares 77 * Amodated Prm DqV Republican of Kansas, pre- 

WASHINGTON — Senate Re- dieted S Congress would accept 
tivfrn n>dnn-d ° * publican leaders signaled Thursday most domestic spending cuts rec- 

ineir .h. tunas reaucea. that the government’s revenue- omm ended by the president and 

Mr. Reagan's 1986 budget calls sharing program probably would that states might have to take over 
for deep cuts in aid to states, cities kept alive by Congress’ far at least a same federally financed programs. 

ciw^fiss JtsaasMSMf 

.a position of possibly having to funds to local governments under 
jpve up bmb the funds and author- fa » 

The most immediate effect of the The Senate Budget Commitree adj “ l * 

decision, according to state and lo- chairman, Pete V. Domenid Re- y ‘ 

cal officials, was that it would cost publican of New Mexico, also said Meanwhile, Treasury Secretary 
their governments many nriffions of that Congress is Iikdy to phase out James A. Baker 3d told the House 
dollars in overtime pay for police funds for mass transit and urban Budget Committee that the presi- 
afficers, firefighters, transit work- revitalization, rather than eJiminal- drat insists that a tax simplifica- 
srs and others who work split or ing them, as the president is seeking tion plan not be a tax increase in 
xQ usual shifts, and that the paper- in his new budget. disguise. He said such a plan was 

work involved would add a burden. But both Mr. Domenid and (he far from completion and might not 
Paying the mtnhmtm wage as re- Senate majority leader, Robert J. take the form of legislation. 

“They asked for something less 
than what they got," said a depart- 
ment officer. “At this point, 1 imag- 
ine they are pretty confused" 

The effect of the derision is com- 
pounded by the absence of Labor 
Secretary Raymond J. Donovan, 

“A Boeing Inspector told me that 
Lufthansa has one of the best maintenance- 
programmes in the world.” 

This is an authentic passenger statement 

r 1 * v--- A 

yond wage and hour standards, in 
education, crime control, consumer 
protection and other functions 
- where the states have traditionally 
held authority. 

They also noted that tbe derision 
ran counter lo President Ronald 
Reagan's philosophy. 

Tbe administration, which had 
opposed tbe broad scope of tbe 
decision, has held that the stares 
, should be given more authority in 

wnumnuiuii — iKuaic i\c- uiucu uiax lvurios wuuiu au 

tbdnjito.SredDad 8 public ladm signaled Thursday most damsiic spending cuts 

that the governments revenue- omm ended by the president 

Vl. D»n,.V U1lf.n1 Mil, , • ,« 

The most immediate effect of the 
djecision, according to state and lo- 
cal officials, was that it would cost 

Zaccaro Sentence 
In Land Fraud Is 
Community WoA 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — John A. Zac- 
aro, husband of Geraldine A. Fer- 
aro, the Democratic Party’s vice- 
> residential candidate, has been 
en fenced to perform 150 hours of 
omm unity service for his admitted 
lvolvement in a fraudulent real- 
stale transaction. 

Mr. Zaccaro, 51, a real-estate 
id insurance broker, told Acting 
istice George F. Roberts in state 
jpreme Court on Wednesday: “I 
ive learned my lesson, judge, the 

■ ird way.” Prosecutors said tbe 
heme was aimed at yielding mil- 
ms of dollars for him and several 

■ seriates. 

The New York secretary of 
, are's office said Wednesday that 
V was preparing a complaint 
1 ainsl Mr. Zaccaro and that it 
Duld subpoena him to appear at a 
string within several weeks to ex- 
line his fitness to hold brokerage 
rases. The state could suspend or 
yoke the license, or levy a fine. 

- Mr. Zaccaro pleaded guilty in 
; ite Supreme Court on Jan. 7 to an 
iicimem that charged him with 
. ring submitted a false sales con- 
ct, an altered appraisal and a 
steading statement of net worth 
connection with a mullimilliop 
'Jar New York real-estate deal in 


!; / 

Page 4 


South Africa Seems to Flaunt Its Raw, White Power 

By Alan Cowell 

New York Times Sen icr 

weeks of talk of racial “reform” 
Grom white officials, the familiar 
images of South Africa's recent his- 
tory have reasserted themselves: 
the police firing on black demon- 
strators in a crowded squatter 
camp: the 3 AM. rap at a 


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Pretoria Drops Plan to Dismantle Townships 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

JOHANNESBURG — The South African minister 

of black affairs, Gerrit vajora, announced Thursday 

door by a security operative come 
to seardh a home and detain those 
opposed to white rule. 

Eighteen people are now report- 
ed to have died m the police action 
in the Crossroads squatter camp 
outside Cape Town on Monday 
and Tuesday, and seven black ac- 
tivists were formally charged 
Thursday with treason after their 
arrest on Tuesday. 

South Africa seemed to be show- 
ing that the sinews of raw, white 
power remain as taut as they were 
before the advent of “constructive 
engagement," the Reagan adminis- 
tration's policy of bringing about 
racial changes through diplomatic 
persuasion instead of confronta- 

The debate, as far as U.S. policy- 
makers are concerned centers on 
whether the government's harsh 
tactics, so reminiscent of Sharpe- 
vilie in I960 and Soweto in 1976, 
reflect the uncertainties and anxi- 
eties that historically, have sur- 
rounded efforts at easing the state's 

that he was abandoning plans to dismantle three 
townships outside Cape Town and promised to meet 
with leaders of another black community in which 18 
persons were killed in disturbances. . 

The major policy reversal by the white-minority 
government came as seven black leaders were formally 
charged with treason, which carries the death penalty. 

He also said he had arranged, for the first time, to 
meet leaders of the Crossroads squatter community, 
which has 60,000 inhabitants. In disturbances there 
Monday and Tuesday, at least 18 people were killed 
and more than . 230 were injured. 

The disturbances at Crossroads were set off by fears 
among inhabitants that they were about to be evicted 
from their wood, tin and plastic shanties about 12 
miles (20 kilometers) from Cape Town. 

Mr. Vioijoen said in Cape Town that residents of 
the Langa. Nyanga and Guj 

ruguletu townships could 
slay where they were and lease their homes for up to 99 
years. He said that he hoped his derision would ‘lead 
to a sense of permanence and security" among the 
150,000 residents of the area. 

• Community wodeere opposing the evictions wel- 
comed the government's announcement But the anti- 
apartheid United Democratic Front describing the 
policy revercal as a panic reaction to recent unrest, 
said the government still wanted to drive a wedge 
between “legal” and “illegal" blacks. fUPI, Reuters) 

Pieter W. Botha has done. South 
Africa has crossed a kind of Rubi- 
con and so cannot return to a total- 
ly white legislature. 

The interpretation, however, is 
challenged by figures such as Bish- 
op Desmond Tutu, the Nobel 
Peace Prize winner, who says that 
US. policy has been a disaster that 
has encouraged the white authori- 
ties to avoid real reform and offer 
in its place only cosmetics. 

According to the bishop, the four 
years of “constructive engage- 
ment" have been accompanied by 
increased detentions without trial, 
the expansion of the populations of 
tribal homelands, and an increase 
in the number of people arrested 
for contravening laws Untiling 
black access to white cities. 

ures from the United Democratic 
Front, the most prominent of alli- 
ances offering an avowedly nonvio- 
lent challenge to the policies of ra- 
cial separation called apartheid, 
drew bitter complaint from activist 
and trade union groups as well as 
from the South African Council of 

In Washington, the State De- 
partment expressed “deep regret" 
over the arrests, saying that they 

cannot help prospects for a dia- 
lich the government itself 

Black activists here assert that, in 
fact, the tactics underline a pursuit 
of white hegemony in which so- 
called reform is more a camouflage 
against internati onal pressure than 
a commitment to change. 

At the same time; the concilia- 
tory tones of “reform" and the 
crackdown on dissent seemed to 
complement one another. As some 
commentators here suggested, it 
was as if the authorities were saying 
they alone would set the agenda 
and pace of a political strategy to 
contain racial pressures that they 
alone would define. 

Tuesday's arrest of leading fig- 

logue, which 
has said it wants and which it rec- 
ognizes to be essential to achieve 
movement away from apartheid." 

Specifically, the criticism in 
South Africa centered on the ap- 
parent paradox between the au- 
thorities' avowed readiness to dis- 
cuss political rights for millions of 
urbanized black people in what is 
called a “new forum” and the de- 

tention of those regarded by many 
blacks as their legitimate leaden. 

"The state offered an informal 
forum for consultation and yet it is 
determined to smash the people's 
organizations before it even sets in 
motion that process," the United 
Democratic Front which claims 
1.5 million followers, said in a 

The South African Council of 
Churches, which claims to repre- 
sent millions of Christians, said: 
“The current raids, detentions and 
arrests can only make worse the 
already alarming level of tension in 
this country." 

The statements seemed reflexive 
but also illustrated the widening 
credibility gulf that divides the 
white authorities from those who 
seem more alienated than ever 
from a political system whose 
promises of reform are hedged and 

ambiguous. Moreover, they high- 
” -hied the equivocal impact of 
£». policy here. 

“Constructive engagement" is 
a belief that confr on- 

derived from a 
ration wiD force the dominant, 2.8 
million Afrikaners onto the defen- 
sive, solidifying their opposition to 
racial e frangg and strengthening 
their unity as Africa's only white 

By removing the threat of exter- 
nal pressure, advocates of the po- 
licy assert, the once monolithic fa- 
cade of Afrikanerdom is weakened 
and those seeking reform may pur- 
sue their goals. 

The loosening that ensues, these 
advocates say, may lead to a vio- 
lence that, of itself, will intensify 
pressures for reform. And, it is ar- 
gued, by admitting people of mixed 
and Indian racial descent as junior 
partners in Parliament as President 

Moreover, some South African 
commentators dispute the basic 
premise of U.S. policy, arguing 
that, whatever superficial changes 
may ensue from Mr. Botha’s 
moves, white hegemony remains 
nonnegotiable. And, they say, the 
policy has further polarized black 
and white perceptions in this coun- 
try, fueling a growing anti-Ameri- 
canism among black people. 

Last month, U.S. officials 
seemed pleased that Mr. Botha had 
offered an intimation of change by 
promising limited and undefined 
political, citizenship, and land 
ownership rights to tne millions of 
urban blacks who have become a 
permanent factor in South African 
society. The suggestion at the time 
from U.S. officials was that “evolu- 
tionary chang e" might possibly be 
in the air following the creation of 
the new, three-chamber Parlia- 

Samuel l^ngn, a community leader of the Crossroads squatter camp, listening to Bishop 
Desmond Tutu, a Nobel Peace Prize winner, appeal for calm in the camp near Ope Town. 

Senator Says Reagan May Propose 
Overt Funding of Nicaraguan Rebels 

by the Central Intelligence Agency, security adviser, were trying to de- 
[Senate critics of US. aid to the tide how the aid would be adnmus- 

U.S. to Use New Satellite Television link Abroad 


International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Tbe Reagan adminis- 
tration will begin daily satellite 
television broadcasts to U.S. em- 
bassies in Western Europe within 
the next few weeks, a U.S. Informa- 
tion Agency official said Thursday. 
Tbe purpose of the broadcasts, the 
ofGoal said, is to make govern- 
ment-sponsored public affairs pro- 
grams readily available to foreign 

Officials said the broadcasts, 
known as Woridnet, are part of a 
campaign to expand efforts to give 
foreign audiences a look al Ameri- 
can life and politics mid to air US. 
views on controversial issues. 

Alvin A. Snyder, director of tele- 
vision services for USIA, in a tele- 
phone interview from Washington, 
said the broadcasts would initially 
run for two hours a day, five days a 
week. He said he hoped they could 
eventually be expanded into “a dai- 
ly, fulltime worldwide television 

Currently, material furnished by 
Woridnet is used in several ways, 
U.S. diplomats show videotaped 
programs on political, cultural and 
scientific topics to audiences at em- 
bassies , at dubs or in seminars. 
Topics of special interest, such as 
press conferences in the United 
Stales that deal with European af- 
fairs, are made available on cas- 
settes to foreign broadcasters. 

U.S. officials said they hoped 
that the new satellite transmission, 
which will make the material avail- 
able sooner, will increase the de- 
mand among foreign audiences. 
They also envision a greater de- 
mand as television broadcasting in 

Europe grows with the expected 
expansion of privately operated 

Direct television broadcasts into 
foreign countries — the video 
equivalent of Voice of America ra- 
dio — are prohibited under United 
Nations agreements. France; for 
example, where the television net- 
works are state-owned, has consis- 
tently maintained that direct 
broadcasts would be a violation of 
its sovereignty. 

A SI. 6-million contract to han- 
dle the USIA transmissions to Eu- 
rope was won by France's state- 
owned Postal, Telegraph and 
Telephone agency. The contract 
runs for a year. French engineers, 
using a satellite named Emelsat, 
will beam the USIA programs di- 
rectly to antennas on embassy roof- 

Since 1983, USIA has used satel- 
lites for occasional international 
broadcasts. The programs included 
press conferences with US. offi- 
cials and special events such as 
space missions. There was also a 
weekly transmission of public- af- 
fairs programs prepared by USIA. 

Officials said the new Woridnet 
broadcasts will include programs 
co-sponsored by major U.S. com- 
panies. They could include docu- 
mentaries on current events, as wed 
as cultural and scientific programs, 
they said. 

“When you have that kind of 
capability to get programs out in- 
stantaneously to embassies, there’s 
an almost unlimited amount of 
things you can visualize," Mr. Sny- 
der said. referring to expanded pro- 
gramming and wider audiences. 

The programs would be immedi- 

ately available on cassette or, using 
the satellite, “local stations or cable 
networks could pull it down and 
service their clients with it," he 

However, in European countries, 
government permission would be 
needed to gam access to tbe pro- 

The new U JL service will go only 
to “receive only" antennas at US. 
diplomatic installations — perhaps 
30 this year, and eventually as 
many as 60. 

In Eastern Europe, the satellite 
transmission may eventually go to 
“selected U.S. embassies after con- 
sultations with the host govern- 
ments," Mr. Snyder said. 

The satellite arrangement could 
be used, officials say, to provide 
live coverage to embassies in Eu- 
rope of U5. public events such as a 
major presidential address. 

Under the French proposal, the 
transmission from tbe USIS stu- 
dios in Washington will be “dou- 
ble-bounced" across tbe Atlantic. 
Sent up to the Intelsat satelli te, it 
will be received by a French PTT 
Earth station south of Paris. 

The transmission will then be 
beamed up to Eutelsat, which is 
powerful enough to broadcast di- 
rectly to rooftop ant ennas across 

Previously, USIA transmissions 
reached Europe via Intelsat, but 
tbe signal was so weak that it had to 
be redistributed in Europe via mi- 
crowave relays. 

Other regional communications 
satellites, such as the Mideast’s 
Arabsat, which is in orbit but not 
yet operating, roll make similar ar- 
rangements technically feasible 
outside Europe as well, officials 

By Sara Fritz 
and Doyle McManus 

Lot Angeles Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — The Reagan 
administration, faced with stiff 
congressional opposition to covert 
aid for rebels fighting Nicaragua's 
leftist government, appears to be 
moving toward financing them 
overtly, according to the chairman 
of the Senate Foreign Relations 

Senator Richard G. Lugar, Re- 
publican of Indiana, said that ad- 
ministration officials were review- 
ing several alternatives for 
financing the rebels in an attempt 
to circumvent congressional oppo- 
sition to President Ronald Rea- 
gan’s request for $14 mflUon in 
covert aid for the 1986 fiscal year. 

Oven aid is the leading alterna- 

Ntcaraguac rebels have the votes in tered if it were no longer founded 
the Senate to halt Mr. Reagan’s through the CIA. 
request. Senator Patrick J. Leahy, a “If it’s not to be covert, and 
Vermont Democrat who is vice therefore to be overt," he said, 
chairman of the Intelligence Com- “who will either manage or control 
mi t tec, told The Washington Post the situation or leave the money at 

live now being considered by Mr. 
he indie 

Reagan, he indicated. 

In addition, Mr. Lugar predicted 
that tbe administration would in- 
crease the chances of a favorable 

vote in Congress by submitting its 
ue For- 

new aid proposal to the Senate 1 
ogn Relations Committee instead 
of the Select Committee rat Intelli- 

Members of the foreign relations 
panel are believed to be more sym- 
pathetic to the administration's po- 
licy in Central America than are 
members of the intelligence panel, 
which oversees covert operations 

on Wednesday.! 

[Mr. Leahy, emerging from an 
intelligence committee meeting 
with Secretary of State George P. 
Shultz. “1 think tbe administration 
is finally getting tbe picture that 
there will be no more covert aid."! 

Last year, congressional Demo- 
crats cut off the officially secret 
CIA funds for the rebels after 
spending more than S73 million 
since 1981 on the covert war 
against Nicaragua's Sandinist gov- 
ernment. In October, Congress 
again refused to provide the money 
but set aside $14 million to be 
available in March if both the Sen- 
ate and House of Representatives 
vote to release the funds. 

A White House spokesman, 
Robert Sims, acknowledged that 
Mr. Lugar has been pressing the 
administration to submit a request 
to Congress for overt aid, but he 
insisted that Mr. Reagan has not 
yet decided upon a strategy. 

“Senator Lugar is looking for 
some practical way to support die 

a drop-off point? How do yon do 
that? I fed confident that the peo- 
ple in tite administration — Bud 
McFarlane's shop as well as 
George Shultz — are trying to 
think through this sort of thing, 
and I certainly will work along with 

A spokesman for Mr. Lugar said 
Wednesday that the senator be- 
lieved that adminis t ration officials 
were beggaring to take his advice 
seriously and that he expected 
them to request overt aid, or per- 
haps a combination of overt and 
covert aid. 

Moscow Signs Pad on Nuclear Plants 

For First Time, UN Agency Will Inspect Soviet Facilities 

some practical way to support the 
resistance forces,” he said, mil the 
basic preference on our part still 
would be a program that is legal 
but covert." 

A senior State Department offi- 
cial, who requested anonymity, ex- 
pressed skepticism that the admin- 
istration would request overt aid 
and questioned whether such a pro- 

posal would be any more popular 

Clarence Nash, the 'Quack’ 
Of Donald Duck, Dies at 80 

Agent* France.Prme 
BURBANK. California — Clar- 
ence Nash, 80, who was the voice of 
Walt Disney’s cartoon character, 
Donald Duck, for 50 years, died 
Wednesday of leukemia, 

Mr. Nash began working for 
Wall Disney in 1933, making his 
debut as the irascible “quack be- 
hind Donald Duck in tbe 1934 car- 
toon the “Wise Little Hen." Al- 
though he retired 14 years ago, he 
continued to delight audiences with 
his Donald Duck voice at personal 
and made several spe- 

cial Donald Duck features. 

Donald Duck appeared in more 
than 150 cartoon shorts and several 
full-leagth feature films. 

Mr. Nash also did (he voice in 
foreign language versions of the 

“Words woe written out for me 
phonetically," he said “I learned to 
quack in French, Spanish, Portu- 
guese, Japanese, Chinese and Ger- 

Last year, Mr. Nash was hon- 
ored aL the Academy Awards cere- 
mony, on a television special, 
“Donald Duck’s 50th Birthday," 
and at the White House by Presi- 
dent Ronald Reagan and Ma. Rea- 
gan, who presented him with a 
plaque commemorating his contri- 
butions to American family enter- 

Donald Duck was not Mr. 
Nash’s only voice. He was also the 


VIENNA — The Soviet Union 
signed an agreement Thursday to 
open Soviet nndear plants to inter- 
national inspection for the first 

The agreement, signed with tbe 
International Atomic Energy 
Agency, means that officials of (he 
agency will inspect Soviet nuclear 
facilities this year, said Andronik 
M. Petrosyants, chairman of the 
Soviet State Committee for the Use 
of Atomic Energy, who signed for 
the Soviet Union. 

Founded in 1957 to promote (he 
peaceful use of atomic energy, the 
agency operates a system of safe- 
guards inspections, monitoring the 
nuclear fuel cycle of dvilian plants 
to prevent tbe diversion of nuclear 
material to military projects. 

The safeguards do not cover mil- 
itary plants but underpin the 1970 
Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nu- 

of new nuclear 

the emergence 
weapons states. 

“The agreement has a signifi- 
cance that we can describe as his- 
torical.” Mr. Petrosyants said at a 
press conference. “It is a great, im- 
portant step." 

He said the results of the first 
inspections should be ready by 
September, when the nudear non- 
proliferation treaty is to be re- 
viewed by its 120 signatories in 

Officials at the agency said the 
agreement marked the first tune 
that the Soviet Union had accepted 
on-site international and multilat- 
eral verification of sensitive facili- 

Inspectors from tbe Internation- 
al Atomic Energy Agency visit 
plants as external auditors and 
check tbe nuclear fuel account, en- 
suring that what nuclear material 
goes m balances with what comes 

Many IAEA officials view the 
safeguards system as a model for 
nudear disarmament verification 
in the event that a major nuclear 
disarmament treaty should ever 

Under tbe agreement signed 
Thursday, Moscow has submitted a 
Bsi of dvilian nudear plants from 
winch officials will choose those 
most representative for safeguard 
purposes. Tbe list remains confi- 
dential until the agency has made 
its selection. 

Sources in the agency said they 
understood that die sites offered 
for inspection induded only rela- 
tively outdated power plants oper- 
ated with light-water reactors. So- 
viet officials indicated this was true 
by saying that the list consisted of 
reactors of a type that the Soviet 
Union exports. Those are light- wa- 
ter ones and are used by East Euro- 
pean nations. 

A light-water reactor uses water 

from a lake or stream as a cooling 
agent, a moderator and a means of 
heat transmission, rather than the 
heavily ionized water used in 
heavy-water reactors. 

Agency members that acquired 
nudear weapons before joining 
IAEA are not obliged to sign a 
safeguards aooord. but (hey are en- 
couraged to do so. Britain was the 
first to sign in 1978, followed by the 
United Stales and France in 1981. 

China is the only weapons state 
without a voluntary safeguards ac- 
cord. The country has not yet com- 
missioned any civilian nuclear 
power plants but several are 

Vladimir Petrovsky, bead of the 
department of international orga- 
nizations at tbe Soviet Foreign 
Ministry, said: “We believe the 
IAEA system of safeguards repre- 
sents a good visible example of bow 
international verification can take 
place when it serves the purpose of 
the limitation of nuclear weapons 
in general." 

Mr. Petrosyants added: “The So- 
viet Union advocates the strength- 
ening of all aspects of the nonpro- 
liferation regime which help to 
prevent the spread of nuclear 

Asked whether tbe agreement 
might lead to expanded verification 
in the Soviet Union, be said: “Ev- 
erything has to start somewhere. 
This is the beginning.” 

in Congress than covert 
“Obviously, well go where the 
votes are,” he said, “but I don't 
know how they think it’s going to 

Opponents of Mr. Reagan’s poli- now openlj 
ries in Central America would be votes short 

certain to challenge any request for 
overt aid to the rebels on the 
ground dial international law pro- 
hibits the U.S. government from 
directly financing the overthrow of 
another government without a dec- 
laration of war. 

Mr. Lugar indicated Tuesday 
that Mr. Shultz and Robert C. 
McFarlane, Mr. Reagan's national 

■ No Covert Plmi Seen 

Joanne Omang of The Washing- 
ton Post reported Wednesday: 

Mr. Leahy said he was “con- 
vinced there aren’t enough votes in 
tbe Senate far a further covert ac- 

“Tee administration," he said, 
“is going to have to stop trying to 
substitute a covert action program 
for foreign policy." 

Many senators, he said, were 
concerned about atrocities alleged- 
ly committed by the rebels against 
Nicaraguan dvfliansL 

On Oct 3, in its most recent 
Senate test vole, the covert aid pro- 
gram passed, 57-42, with one critic, 
absent .At feast two more senators 
have announced since then that- 
they wiU oppose its renewal when it 
comes up again in March. 

In the Senate, two more senators 
joined the opposition, according to 
a count by the Center for National 
Security Studies. Thus, 47 senators 
uow openly oppose the plan, four 
votes short of a majority, although 
other votes may have shifted. 

Administration supporters say 
an apparent crackdown on dissi- 
dents within Nicaragua may have 
moved some senators back to far 
wring aid for the rebels. Both sides 
say that they have taken no formal 
head counts in tins session. 

The House has voted three times, 
to end the program. 

Cambodian Outpost 
Is Reported Seized 

Baldrige Assails U.S. on Disclosures 


Clarence Nash 

voice of Donald's nephews, Huey, 
Dewey and Louie; his 


Daisy, and many others. 

He was born in Walonga, Okla- 
homa. and bad been a popular 
vaudeville entertainer before join- 
ing Disney. 



H A N N E L 





17 JO 
18 20 
20 sa 











TELEPHONE LONDON (01) 636 AQ77 TELEX 266943 

(Continued from Page 1) 
scriber to this source of data," Mr. 
Baldrige said. 

He blamed the release of miliiary 
secrets on “the apparent unwilling- 
ness to date of the pertinent gov- 
ernment agencies" to commit mon- 
ey and personnel even though the 
Reagan administration tightened 
rules to stem “this hemorrhage" of 
strategically sensitive information. 

Tbe Defense Department, for in- 
stance, set up an agency to check 
studies before they are declassified, 
but its “ability to review tbe annual 
volume of documents is limited" 
because its appropriations are too 
small for the job, be said. 

The issue was first raised in 1 982, 
Mr. Baldrige said, and despite ef- 
forts by the Commerce Depart- 
ment and US. intelligence agencies 
to get help from tbe Defense and 
Energy departments and NASA, 
“the results to date have been whol- 
ly inadequate." 

Among the studies available to 
Moscow, Mr. Baldrige said, were 
Defense Dqurtment analyses of 
space weapons, chemical warfare, 
nudear weapons, computer securi- 
ty, high-technology telecommuni- 
cations, electronics, computers and 
losers; Energy Department ana- 
lyses of nuclear energy and high 
intensity physics, and NASA ana- 




lyses of space and rocket technol- 

Other studies that were released 
dealt with the cutting edge of mili- 
tarily significant technology, such 
as lasers and composite materials 
used in warheads and jet fighters, 
Mr. Baldrige said. He said that gov- 
ernment scientists who saw sam- 
ples of the information in the stud- 
ies concluded that they are 
“tremendously beneficial" to the 

“Taken as a whole, the reports 
give Moscow new material infor- 
mation to corroborate previous lab 
work, focus future approaches and 
eliminate costly trial-and-error 
processes,'* Mr. Baldrige said the 
scientists concluded. 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

— Vietnamese troops, backed by a 
heavy artillery barrage, on Thurs- 
day overran one of the largest 
pockets of Cambodian guerrillas 
left along the Thai-Cambodian 
border, according to Thai military 
officials and Cambodian insur- 

The Vietnamese seized the area 
opposite the Thai village of Klong 
Nam Sai, 7.5 miles (12 kilometers) 
southeast of the key Thai border 
town of Aranyaprathet, officials 
told United Press International. 

The area, under attack since 
Monday, contained about 600 
Communist Khmer Rouge guerril- 
las, one of Lbe largest concentra- 
tions of Cambodian insurgents re- 
maining along the 
Thai-Cambodian border. 

Hanoi’s troops last week com- 
pleted a systematic sweep of major 
strongholds of the Khmer “ 

guerrillas were pushing back Viet- 
namese troops and aimed to retake 
the entire Phnom Malai area. 

La Bangkok, the U.S. Embassy 
announced that about 1,500 Viet- 
namese refugees who recently fled 
Vietnamese artillety barrages along 
the Thai-Cambodian border would 
be resettled in the United States 
and other Western nations. 

An estimated 3,000 other Viet-' 
namese, who crossed Cambodia to 
the Thai frontier alter fleeing their 
homeland, remained at an evacua- 
tion site several miles from tbe bor- 
der. AH 4,500 fled Dong Rak camp, 
just inside Cambodia, after it was 
shelled bv the Vietnamese forces 
last month. 

A U.S. Embassy refugee officer 
said of the 1,500 accepted for reset- 
tlement, about 900 would go to the 
United States, 150 to Australia. 100 
to Canada, 30 to New Zealand, 20 
to France and others to Sweden. 
Britain, the Netherlands. Switzer- 

22 . 



b> Axi 



» aad : 
flare rea 



Foe era 
in nun*, 
was. ,roi 
foreign v 
counter;. , 

ds before 

'i* couair 
^'s outin 

cvemn£. ,_ ; 



fiifte i- 
"> naiiop- 
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and their non-Comwumst ally, the land, Norway and West Germany. 
Khmer People's National libera- (AP, 

tion Front. 

Those two groups and a third 
group led by ranee Norodom Si- 
hanouk comprise the Cambodian 
guerrilla alliance that is trying to 
drive out the Vietnamese. Vietnam 
invaded Cambodia in 1979 and in- 
stalled a puppet regime. 

The border area captured Thurs- 
day was one of the prime targets of 
by the 

Evidence oo Gas 
Senior Thai Army officers < 5 ?- 

a mopping-up operation 

As an example, he cited a July f ? r nkm, J s 

study prepared for the U.S. i nielli- t0 . e bnnnate.thc 

gence community that showed the 

Soviet Union used at least 60 previ- 
ously classified U.S. documents in 
developing its cruise missile. 

“The potential danger to our na- 
tional security," Mr. Baldrige as- 
serted, “is that through the give- 
away program the Soviets have 
access to studies and strategic in- 
formation covering much of the 
same type of technologies and 
products that the administration is 
trying to keep out of Soviet hands 
through the multilateral export 
control system." 


A Khmer Rouge commander, 
however, said Thursday that Cam- 
bodian guerrillas were successfully 
ambushing and pushing back Viet- 
namese troops who earlier swept 
into guerrilla strongholds. 

The Khmer Rouge commander, 
Mitr MuaL toW The Associated 
Press that the Khmer Rouge, con- 
cerned for the safely of the civilian 
population, had dispersed in the 
face of the fierce Vietnamese offen- 
sive. But he said the Communist 

Senior Thai Array tracers as- 
played Thursday what they said 
was evidence tha t Vietnam had 
used poison gas against Cambodi- 
an guerrillas, Reuters reported 
from Bangkok. 

They showed reporters photfr 
graphs of a 70mm rocket that they 
said contained toxic chenueflw 
fired by Vietnamese troops- They 
also issued the results of tests de- 
scribed as indicating the presence 
of toxic chemicals. . 

■ China Accuses Vkftttffl 

China said Thursday that ^' 
nam had launched frtsh assaiilts 
and artfllay barrages *gainstds 
positions along their eonmwn P 0 *'- 
aer, wounding several Chinese 
guards. United Pres International- 
reported frranB^jiafr . 

The Chinese 


“Vietnamese troops 1- _ 
of shells at Chinese forward pos- 
tions in the Laoshan area or tot* 
nan province" front. Wednesfisr 
morning until Thursday. 

lro poi( 


■* h; 

^m^frrrf^r-mun— ( ^ 

**’r ' "V'^w _ _ ■ ' ' 



Seeing the Invisible 

P ARIS — The color photograph in 
the entrance hall shows a strong and 
radiant face with an alpine flower 

Inricerf IwhmH the rioht Mr The 

Paris’s Active New Sundays 

ftaMien fay Dm Grebn 

by Axel Kranse 

P ARIS — Sunday mornings in Pans 
used to revolve almost exclusively 
around preparing for the family 
midday ' tneai, often chez les grands- 
parentXyU) which-the chfldrenbrought flow- 
ers and pastry that sometimes wilted and 
crumbled during long rides on the Mfctro. In 
more recent years, a lot of Paris residents 
have taken up such on traditional activities as 
le joggjng, and now Paris offers dozens of 
active and mellow ways of spending Sunday 

For example, early on almost any Sunday 
in many nuioad and regional Mfctro sta- 
tions, crowds of Parisians, and a trickle of 
foreign visitors, can be seen at ticket 
counters, adjusting their knapsacks or bicy- 
cles before boarding trains for the outskirts. 

There at deserted stations, they head into 
the countryside on bicycle or an foot for a 
day’s outing that includes lunch in a scenic 
or historical spot, and a return by train in the 
evening, often by a different route. Many 
participants, particularly first-timers, get to 
know each other on the way. 

These and other fonts of Sunday randon- 
nees, or excursions, are regularly organized 
by national associations and volunteer 
groups that publish detailed itineraries and 
meeting points for randormeurs. 

“What is truly amazing is that these out- 
ings provide a handy, casual and rare way of 
getting to know the French, which as every- 
one knows, is no easy task,” says Larry 
Joseph, a professor at French literature at 
Smith College in Northampton, Massachu- 
■ setts, who regnlarly joins these groups. 

The French national railway (SNCF) has 
encouraged the trend by offering reduced 
fares, establishing a bike rental service at 250 
stations throughout France, (32 francs a day 
for a 10 -speed bicycle) and transporting 
bikes free of charge on 2,000 short-haul 
passenger trams. raQyay’s only condi- 
ton is that passengers get their bikes on and 
off the train themselves. 

“It is all part of an effort to improve our 
general image with regard to the cycling. 
French and foreigners, mainly British and 
American,’* said a railway spokesman. “In 
the "70s, our push focused on the SNCFs 
renting cars at stations, now it is le veto.” 

Other Paririans, more interested in music 
than in exercise, are turning to a growing 
number of Sunday morning concerts held in 
several theaters around Paris, generally ac- 
companied by continental breakfasts. The 
daily Le Paririen recently described these as 
programs of croissants chauds et musique 

“Similar morning programs have been 
tried at Wigmore Hall [in London] and in 
Israel, but we think ours is unique for the 
quality and attendance,” says Jeannine 
Raze, a music agent who organizes the high- 
fy-popular Sunday morning concerts at the 
Theftcre do Rond- Point, now in its 10th 

This season's program, which started last 
October and runs into Jane, often drawing 
audiences of more than a thousand, includ- 
ing children (those under 9 admitted free) 
offers leading soloists and chamber groups. 

Continental breakfasts are served in spa- 
dons dining area before and after the one- 
hour concerts, which begin at 11 A.M. Tick- 

ets are sold on a first-come, first-served basis 
an hour earlier. 

At the Thfc&tre La Bruyfcre, where the 
resident Ensemble Instrumental La Bruyfcre 
often plays on Sundays, most of the several 
hundred regular concertgoers are drawn 
from the -sur rounding neighborhoods/- “We 
may not present world-known artists, but we 
think we are talented and our average age is 
23,” said Pierre-Frangois Roussillon, the ar- 
tistic director and the ensemble's clarinetist. 

“We are witnessing something of a revolu- 
tion in our habits — perhaps because of the 
fitness craze in France, or simply the desire 
to break with the traditional French Sun- 
day,” says Anne Boufil, a French housewife 
and lifelong hiker. She regularly organizes 
aH-day hikes for small groups, followingitm- 
eraries suggested by the Randormeurs dUe- 
de-France, an association that has estab- 
lished, and maintain s with red and white 
markers, about 2,300 kilometers (1,430 
miles) of trails in the Paris area. 

“We always take the train to our starting 
points, avoiding traffic, and then with knap- 
sacks on our back — a good friendly group 
usually — we are off for the day,” says 
Boufil. Some of her favorite treks are south- 
west to Port -Royal -des-Champs, site of the 
ruins of a 1 3th-century abbey, and northwest 
to Givemy. where the house and gardens of 
Monet overlook the Seine. 

Both follow scenic routes through farm- 
land and forests and by averaging about 
three miles an hour (23 miles an hour is 
recommended for “average” walkers), the 
outings leave plenty of time for a picnic or a 
Continued on page 7 

P ARIS — The color photograph in 
the entrance hall shows a strong and 
radiant face with an alpine flower 
tucked behind the right ear. The 
face is tilted upward, as if to catch the sun or 
find another peak to scale, and it belongs to 
Charlotte Perriand, 81. the architect and 
designer who is the subject of the exhibition 
“Charlotte Perriand, Un Art de Vxvre.” at 
the Musfce des Arts Dfccoratifs until April 1. 

If few people know her name , everyone is 
fa mili ar with her work, from the chaise lon- 
gue she designed in 1928-29 with Le Corbu- 
sier and his cousin Pierre Jeanneret, but 
which is usually attributed to Le Corbusier 
alone, to the room dividers and sectioned 
closets with plastic drawers that are pan of 
daily life in 1985. 

She stands, vigilant, in the middle of the 
exhibition, wearing a quilted tan coat and a 
bright hair ribbon around her top knot and 
carrying a feather duster. 

The museum is a musty old building in the 
process of redccoration and the Perriand 
show is in a wing called “the nave,” a pomp- 
ous space weighted with plaster molding. 

Mary Blume 

Taking care not to fight the ori ginal design L 
Perriand has filled the space with bright 
colors and fresh rhythms, adding carefully 
raked sand to the floor as a reminder that 
from the be ginning — although at the begin- 
ning she did not know it — she was influ- 
enced by Japan. 

A first retrospective at the age of 81 must 
be daunting. “Dannting, yes, because things 
have to be where they were. It is a return to 
the past” The past is not a place where she 
spends her time. In re-evaluating more than 
half a century’s work, were there discoveries, 
disappointments, suprises? Were things ever 
not as she had supposed? 

“No,” she says. “It was exact" 

Charlotte Perriand came to Le Corbusier’s 
atelier at 35 Rne de Sevres at the aw of 24 in 
1927 and stayed 10 years. The other young 
designers came to Paris from many coun- 
tries; Le Corbusier, she says, was their com- 
panionable guru. Tire studio that produced 
the most' revolutionary thinking in design at 
the time was a dilapidated space. “There is 
no need for perfect tools in order to create,” 
says a caption next to a picture of the ate- 
lier’s ancient stove. “To create, one puts 
oneself in a state of creation, and it works.” 

She worked on fcqidpement, as Le Corbu- 
sier called furniture, and already had a de- 
gree from the Union Centrale and a back- 
ground in Art Dfcco design. By 1927 she was 
finding inspiration from automobiles rather 
than furniture, was wearing a necklace of 

■ ■ 

Charlotte Perriand. 

Barnm Ptmcnd 

ball bearings (with a prototype of a 1929 
chair from ber flat it is the only personal item 
in the show) and she was fascinated by 
melaL In the 1927 Salon d'Automne, she 
won praise for her chromium-plated steel 
and aluminum bar. “le bar sous les toits. ” 

She was launched. Instead, she thought of 
giving up design for agriculture, “It was a 
passing idea, either a rejection or a defense 
against a profession that I knew would be 
all-consuming.” She went to Le Corbusier. It 
was. she says, anew birth. She acknowledges 
that Le Corbusier is somewhat out of fashion 
today, especially in France. 

“Post-modernism wants to lay eggs of 
different colors,” she says. She has traveled 
from Brazil to China and for her such hny 
projects as Oscar Niemeyer’s Brasilia and Le 
Corbusier's Chandigarh in India are the two 
greatest modern works. 

She respects the past but does not believe 
in living with it. “Each period is modern in 
its own time. To express our own period is 
the only way to progress. I believe in pro- 
gress, but sometimes I don’t believe in peo- 
ple.” All societies, she adds, have the archi- 
tecture they deserve. 

In February 1940, she received a telegram 



from Japan’s Ministry of Trade and Industry 
inviting her to serve as an adviser in the 
decorative arts. She discussed the offer with 
the painter Fernand Lfcger, a close friend, 
and gladly accepted. “The French are Carte- 
sian, the Japanese intuitive,” she says. “I saw 
tiie ideas of Le Corbusier expressed on a 
national scale.” The famous chaise longue 
soon appeared in bamboo. There was also 
something more: in the show she rites a line 
from a Japanese master, “We beard what 
was not said, we saw the invisible.” 

Since the Vichy government was neutral 
to Japan in World War IL she was not 
repatriated but lived under the protection of 
a Japanese family. In 1943 she went to Indo- 
china, where she married a French naval 
officer and had a daughter, who is also an 
architect. “I had a child, an act of creation, 
this time in flesh." 

After the war, she returned to Paris, en- 
gaged in mass production of her own designs 
and continued a speciality she had began 
before the war: ski resorts. 

P ERRIAND does not give the word 
functionalism the flat meaning associ- 
ated with Le Corbusier’s use of the 
word. She is glad to design something as 
basic as a bathroom and associates its func- 
tion with pleasure: “A bath should be a rinse 
in dear water, not a scrubbing off.” 

She uses “cell,” Le Corbusier’s word for a 
room, but denies that this is hard or inhu- 
man. “I like to lode up words in the dictio- 
nary ami I looked tq> adL Our body is a c^, 
which is not hard hut rather nice. It’s like 
‘ rnadu n e for Irvins’ — it is a precise defini- 
tion, there is nothing cold or mechanical 
about it 

“I looked up the word ‘art* in the dictio- 
nary. It means the application of knowledge 
to an object That means everything can be 
art if knowledge is applied. Knowledge is 
always good, its application often isn’t/’ 
Perriand*s grandfather was a blacksmith 
in Savoie and she spent her early childhood 
on a farm in Burgundy. She has a fresh 
country air despite nearly a lifetime in Paris. 
She lives in a tiny flat of only 60 square 
meters (“1 never keep anything") but tram 
her window she says she sees 80,000 square 
meters of Paris. 

Since Charlotte Perriand has always kept 
her private and public life separate, the Arts 
Dfccoratifs show is the closest she is likely to 
come to an autobiography. “It is an autobi- 
ography” she says, “but in space and 

PerriancTs “ le bar sous les toils.' 

Ideas continue to flow and the autobiogra- 
phy is far from complete. Probably it never 
wifi be. “When I see a nice blank page,” she 
says. “1 wish I were twenty again / 1 ■ 

Different Visions of India and the Raj 

by William Borders 

— On the last page of 
to India,” the E.M. 

N EW YORK —On the last page of 
“A Passage to India.” the E. M. 
Forster classic from which David 
T j »* n has made an epic fihn, the 

Indian prota gonis t. Dr. Aziz, takes his final 
leave from Fielding, his visiting E nglish 
friend, with these furious words: 

“India Khatl be a nation! No foreigners of 
any sort! Down with the En glish anyhow. 
That’s certain. Gear out, you fellows, doable 
quick, 1 say. ; We may hale rare another, but 
we hale you most. We shall drive every 
Nested Englishman into the sea, and then — 
you and I shall be friends.” 

How vastly — thnngji subtly — different 
that ending is from the prettified ending of 
the movie, in which Fielding and Aziz part 

with a warm, manly handshake; foB of mutu- 
al respect and affection. 

The difference in those two con c l udin g 
scenes reflects two different virions of India, 
and of the Raj, the complex love-hate rela- 
tionship that existed — and still exists — 
between the FngHsh and the Indians. And 
there are other virions of India around these 
days, too, arouring strong feelings pro and 
cbtL India (5 much on our minds at the 
moment, as America experiences what must 
be the most concentrated cultural infusion of 
things Indian, at least since the days of 
Mahatma fiandhi and independence nearly 

Besides “A Passage to India” there is also 
also “The Jewel in the Crown," Granada 

V r Sunday evenings in many U.S. homes for 
weeks. Both tEese views of India follow 
closely oa the 1982 film “Gandhi,” which 
- won right Oscars; “Heat and Dust,” the 
. Merchant-Ivory fihn of 1983, and “Far P&vil- 
- ' ions,” the unsuccessful but sumptuous 
, 9 Home Box Office series of last year. 

Later this year, the feast will become even 
richer, with the “Festival of India,” the larg- 
est concentration of Indian art and culture 
ever assembled in the United States. It will 
include special exhibitions of painting, 
sculpture and the performing arts in New 
York, Washington and 40 other cities. 

At the same time, India has been on the 
front pages, too, first with the appalling 
news of Indira Gandhi's assassination last 
October and then, less than five weeks later, 
with the disaster in Bhopal, in which poison- 
ous gas killed more than 2,000 people. 

All of this {arts India into the conscious- 
ness of a good many Americans who have 
not paid much attention to the place before. 
And for those of us who have already known 
and loved India fen* years, the phenomenon 
is gratifying; it is good, though curious, to 
see stacks of Pan! Soon’s “Raj Quartet" 
(from winch the television series was drawn) 
piled up in the bookstores. 

But at the same time, all the India adula- 
tion is »l«n somehow troublingto the people 
who are already India addicts, we love India 
and we are distressed that the image of it that 
is being projected is so far from complete. 

For some, this reaction translates into 
fury. Salman Rushdie, the great novelist of 
post-independence India, vehemently pro- 
tests “the fantasy that the British Empire 
represented something noble or meat about 
Britain," and complains that the films create 
the impression “that the end of the Empire 
was a sort of gentlemen’s agreement between 
dd pals at the club, that the Britirii weren’t 
as bad as people make out” 

Others are more gentle in their protesta- 
tions. K. Shankar Bajp&i, the Indian ambas- 
sador in Washington, referred to the Lean 
Kim and the public televirion series being 
broadcast on Masterpiece Theater as "this 
Raj nonsense;” and pointed out that both 

films are really about the En glish, with India 
simply functioning as an exotic backdrop. 

In “A Passage to India,” Mrs. Moore and 
her prospective daughter-in-law, the two 
women whose visit to India provides the 
title, as well as the central focus of the story, 
both spend quite a bit of effort searching for 
what they call “the real India,” but what they 
find, ultimately, is themselves. 

The loss of tiie empire is the central fact of 
recent British history, it is small wonder that 
the English cane so much about it. 

But why the appeal to Americans. One 
reason, surely, is the dazzling spectacle of an 
exotic and colorful land, whose pageantry is 
beautifully depicted in both films. 

Another aspect of the appeal to Ameri- 
cans must be that we love ad that British- 
inspired pomp and pageantry. When the 
sniffy old members of the British club in 
Forster’s Ghandrapore leap to their feet for 
“God Save the King,” it has some of the 
same appeal as the changing of the guard at 
Buckingham Palace. 

Although the Raj is over and most of the 
British have departed, their spirit remains, 
not just in cricket and tea cozies, but in a 
haunting , lingering debate about what it did 
to and for the Indians. During the three and 
a half years that I spent in India, one ques- 
tion that dominated many late-night argu- 
ments with my Indian and British friends 
was this: Was the experience of colonization 
a net gam or a net loss for India? 

In “The Jewel in the Crown,” the wily and 
cynical Major Clark answers this way: 

“This place is a gold mine, but it’s stiff 
with people dying of hunger in the streets. 
That’s the legacy from all those blue-eyed 
Bible- thumpers who came out here because 
they couldn’t stand the commercial pace 
back home." 

In “A Passage to India,” the self-impor- 
tant city magistrate, Rnnny Heariop, has 

quite a different explanation: “We’re out 
here to do justice and keep the peace.” 

But however the Engiish-Indian relation- 
ship is perceived, it is no accident that in 
bom the film and the televirion series, the 
central event is the rape of an English wom- 
an, symbolizing what Paul Scott describes, 
an the very first page erf his four-novel quar- 
tet, as “an imperial embrace of such long 
standing and subtlety it was no longer possi- 
ble for them to know whether they hated or 
loved one another, or what it was that held 
them together and seemed to have confused 
the image of their separate destinies.” 

Many of the British characters — the 
villainous Merrick in “The Jewel in the 
Crown,” for example, and many of the mem- 
bers of dm dub in “A Passage to India,” 
display a constant, automatic assumption of 

Near the beginning of “A Passage to In- 
dia.” Dr. Aziz tells Mis. Moore that he can 
tell by the kindly, nonpatronizing way she 
addresses him that she is newly arrived in 
India; she has not yet learned the rules. Even 
today in New Delhi, I coaid show you no end 
erf modern-day English memsahibs who talk 
to and about Indians with the same con- 
tempt to which Dr. Aziz had become accus- 

Perhaps all this relates to why it is that 
India addicts are somehow dissatisfied by 
the current cultural blitz. It is arousing a 
gratifying interest in India, bat it seems a 
narrow view of a richly complex 
country, or at least it is far from complete. 

The exciting, wonderful thing about India 
today is the splendid adventure of its democ- 
racy, the largest in the world. For me, the 
most thrilling time there was March 1977, 
when the nation reared up and voted an end 
to Prime Minister Gandhi’s authoritarian 
rule. It was thrilling not because I wanted 
ber to Jose the election, but because it dem- 
onstrated that this wonderful old land really 

Alec Guinness in “A Passage to India.' 

and truly was a democracy. As one Indian 
villager told me at the time, with proud 

“Just because a man is poor and maybe 
cannot read does not mean that he cares 
nothing for his human rights. The Congress 

government has tried to shut my mouth and 
therefore the Congress loses my vote.” 

There is a much truer, though less slide 
and accessible, artistic vision of India in 
“The Home and The World," the latest film 

Continued on page 7 

-/'C. • " '' 

Page 6 




VIENNA, Historisches Museum (tel: 
ION— To Feb. 76: “Rich- 

„ . :1: 13.16.26). 

IONS— To March 3 ; “Sovi- 
et Revolution. Posters,” “Aboryaiml 

•Radio House Concert HaQ (tel' 


•Konzerthausftel: 72.12,11) 

Feb. 23: Vienna dumber i 
_ ... -r.Etemw 

BascUdiova piano (Beethoven, Mo- 

Feb. 28 : Vlama Symphomker, Mared 
Janowski conductor CBedhovec, Mes- 

•Staatsoper (td: 533401 
BALLET— Feb. 23 and 26: “FalstafT 

Feb. 24 and 27: “Snnon Boccanegra” 

Feb. 25 and 28: “Tannbinser” (Wag- 

Feb. 27: ‘Tosca" (Puccini). 


ANTWERP, Royal Flemish Opera 
(td: 233.66.85). 

OPERA - — Feb. 23: “Eugene OnKtn” 

BRUSSELS. Optra National (tel: 
217-22.1 IX 

OPERA — Feb. 23: “L'EKsir d’Amo- 

•palaisdes BeaoxArts(td: 51 1 29.95). 

CONCERTS — Feb. 24: National Op- 



i Symphony Orchestra, Sir 
itcnara conductor (Britten. Tchai- 

Feb. 27: Lflle Philharmooic Orchestra, 
Jean-dande Casadesos conductor. 
Carlo Chjarappa violin (Bach, Han- 


COPENHAGEN, Carisberg Mnsemn 
(vd: 21.01.12). 

EXHIBITION — Through February: 
“Paul Gauguin in Copenhagen m 

rBITIONS— ToAprfl30 _ 
not r,” “John Walker: Paintings from 
the Alba and Oceania Series." 
•Royal Academy of Arts (tel: 

EXHIBITION — To March 3 1 : “Cha- 

•Royal Opera (tel: 240.10.66). 
BALLET — Feb. 27: “The Sleeping 
Beauty” (Petipa, Tchaikovsky). 



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Herald Tribune 


Meet the 
New French 


i Gallery (id: 82U3.13). 
IBrnONS — To March 31: 


CONCERT — Feb. 23: Christopher 

•Tivoli HaB (td: 14.17.65). 

BALLET — Feb. 26: “PWreshfeC 
(Fokine, Stravinsky). 

OPERA — Feb. if. “The Barber of 
Seville” (Rossini). 

Feb. 25: Eugene Onegin” (Tchaikov- 

OPERA — Feb. 23 and 28: “Samson’ 


"William James Muller," "John Walk* 
er Prints 1976-1984." 

•Victoria and Albert Museum (tel:- 

EXHIBmON —To Feb. 28 : "British 
Biscuit Tub." 

•WignoreHalHid: 93521.41). 
RECITALS — Feb. 23: Barry Doug- 
lan piano (Beethoven, Chopin). 

Feb. 28: Anthony Rolfe Johnson ten- 
or, Graham Johnson piano (Massenet, 


ORWICH, Theatre Royal (tel: 



BALLET — Feb. 23: London Festival 

LONDON, Barbican Centre (tel: 
62837 .9 5). 

Barbican Art Gallery — To March 2: 
“Printmakers at the Royal College of 


ToApril 8: “Munch and theWodten," 
"Tradition and Renewal: Con tempo- 
rary Art in the German Democratic 

Barbican HaQ — Feb. 24: Gty of Lon- 
don Sinfonia, Doron Solomon con- 
ductor. Anthony Goldstone piano 
(Bach, Mozart). 

Feb. 28 London Symphony Orchestra, 
Jeffrey Tale conductor, Jorge BoJcx pi- 
ano (Brahms. Schubert). 

Barbican Theatre — Royal Shake- 
speare Company — Feb. 23-28: 
“Mother Courage* (Brecht). 


HELSINKI, Finlandia Hail (tel: 


(CERT — Feb. 28: Helsinki PhQ- 


harmonic Orchestra, Jonna Pauula 
conductor (Sibelius). 

•British Museum (td: 636. 1 5 .55). 

‘I — To March 10; “The 

Gvdden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art: 966- 

Id: 92837.08). 

0: “Re* 

LYON, Maison de la Danse (td 

DANCE — Feb. 26-28: Compagnie 
Eocfaymose, Patrick Roger choreogra- 

NICE, Espace Nicois d’Art et de Cul- 
ture (td: 62.18.85). 

EXHEB1TION —To April 13: “Con- 
temporary Spanish Art. 

•Galerie d’Art Contemporain (td: 

EXHIBITION — To May 12: 
“Puglisi, Vialard, FenoUabbaie, 

PARIS. Hotel Burgundy (tel: 

EXHIBITION — To March 1: “Alain 

•Lc Petit Journal Od: 326J8J9). 
JAZZ — Feb. 26: Claude BolIingTrio. 
•Music d'Art Moderne (tel: 
723.61 ^7). 

EXHIBITIONS— To Feb. 27: “Hd- 
mm Newton." 

To March 31: "Gustav Mahler.” 
•Musee de la Publidli (tel: 246. 

“French Film Posters.” 

•Muste des Arts Dbcoratifs (td: 

280 J2. 14V 


EXHIBITION — To April 1 : “Char- 
lotte Perriand." 

•Musde do Grand Palais (tel: 


“Edouard Pignon.” 

To April 22: “Impressionism and the 
French Countryside." 

MusAedn Louvre (td: 260J9J6). 

i: “Hol- 

EXHIBrnONS — ToApril 15 
bdn at the Louvre." 

To May 6: “French Engravers from the 


*Musfe Rodin (td: 705.0134). 

-ToMarch 18: 1 


18th i 


din Drawings." 

ToApril 15: “Robert Jacobsen." 
•New Morning (td: 523J639). 

Feb. 28: Freddie Hubbard OumieL 
•Op6ra(tri: 742J7J0). 

OPERA ~ Fd>. 23 and 26: “Tristan 
and Isolde" (Wagner). 

Feb. 25 and 27: “Doctor Faustus” 

•Salle Gaveau (tel: 5632030V 

— Deniz Gelenbe piano 

(Brahms, Mozart) 

•Salle Pleyd (563B7.96V 
RECITAL — Feb. 28: Damd Baren- 

aa February 26, 1985 at the 
Inter-Continental Hotel 

•Thifitre du Rond- Point (tel: 

CONCERT— Feb. 26: Ensemble Or- 
,chestralde Pans, Piero BeBugi conduc- 
tor, David lively piano (Mozart V 
•Thfcitre Musical dc Paris (tel: 

OPERA — Feb. 23, 24, 26-28: “LaTra- 
viata" (VerdiV 


BERLIN, Deutsche Oper (tel: 

OPERA — -Feb. 23 : “Carmen" (Bset). 
•Natkmalgplme (td: 266-6). 
EXHIBITION — To Feb. 27: 
“Adolph Menzel: Drawings and 
- hies.” 

mie(tel: 54880). 
r — Feb. 26: Brandis Quar- 

tet (Beethoven. Haydn V 
FRANKFURT, Alte Oper Frankfurt 
(Ml: 134.04.00). 

CONCERTS— Feb. 24: Munich Bach 
Coflegrum, Florian SO n mettuar con- 
ductor, Edgar Krapp organ (Bach, 

Feb, 28: Frankfurt Radio Symphony 
Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal conductor, 
Rudolf Buch binder piano (Mahler, 

•Cafe Theater (td: 77.74456). 
THEATER — To Feb. 28: “The 
Mousetrap" (Christie). 
HAMBURG, Staatsoper (tel; 

BALLET— -Feb. 24 and 26: “GiseDe” 

— Feb. 27: “La Bohfcne" 

MUNICH. National Theater fid: 

OPERA — Feb. 23 and 28: “Eugene 

Feb. 24: “Orpheus and Euridice" 

Feb. 27: “Wozzeck" (Berg). 

ATHENS, Athens Art Gallery (td: 
721 3938). 

EXHIBITION —Through Febniary: 
“Chronis Botsoglou." 

•Center for Folk Art and Tradition 
(td; 32439.87V 

EXHIBITION —To May: “Folk Art 
and Tradition of Thrace. 

•Jill Yakas Gallery (td: 80137.73). 
EXHIBITION — To March 2: “Hi- 
lary Adair." 


Gallery (ieL 323.06.98). 

To March 2: “Iro 



DUBLIN, Abbey Theaire (te): 

THEATER — Through February: 
“Long Day’s Journey Into Night" 

— To March: “Under 
MSB: Wood” (Thomas). 

•Peacock Theatre (teL 74.45.05). 
EXFHBTTiON —Through Febniary: 
“Brenda Foreman's Posxos." 
(Projects Art Centre (td: 713337). 
MtlBITION —Through February: 
“Joe Hartley." 

JERUSALEM, Israel Museum (id: 

EXHIBITIONS — To Feb. 28: 
“EKahu Gat-Women and Nature." “A 
Vanished World —Roman Vishniac,” 

ToApril IS: “Lea Nikd —The Spon- 
taneous Disciplinarian, 1980-1984“ 


BOLOGNA, Galleria d’Artc Mo- 
demaftd: 5038391. 
EXHIBITIONS'— To Feb. 28: 
‘Mario Nanni," “Post War Pbotogra- 


_ ieatroCGraunaJe(ld: 2239.99). 
OPERA — Feb. 23: “Attila" (Verdi). 
MILAN. PadigUone d'Arte Comem- 
poranea ( rd: 7R46.88). 
EXHIBITIONS —To Feb. 28: “New 
Topics: Young Italian Artists," “Tul- 
lio Pericoli." 

ROME, AccadeniaNarkmale di San- 
ta Cecilia (td: 679.03.89i. 

CONCERTS— Feb. 24-26: Orchestra 

ddTAccademia Nazkmaie de Santa 
Cecilia, Christoph tog Dobnanyl con- 
ductor, Bruno Leonardo Gelber piano 
(Brahms. BartOk). 

TURIN, Teatro Regie (id: 54.80.00). 
OPERA — Feb. 24 and 27: “Manon 
Lescaut” (Puccini). 

VENICE, Palazzo Fortuny (.tel: 

EXHIBITION —To April 28: “High 
Fashion: '50s and '60S. 


TOKYO, Asaiu Hail (td: 580.003 1 1. 
DANCE — Feb. 23: Dance Love Ma- 
chine (“Softly as in a Morning Sun- 

Feb. 24: ByakkosbaTroupe (“Skylark 
and Lying Buddha”). 

•Maisuoka Museum of Art (td: 

EXHIBITION —To March 3 1 : “Mas- 

terpieces of Japanese Paintings and 
Old Pone ' 

L Potteries.' 

•Tobacco and Salt Museum (id: 

EXHIBITION — To March 3: “Uki- 
yo-E and Smokers’ Requisites.” 
•Yamatane Museum (id: 669.4036). 
EXHIBITION —To March 24: “Be- 
quest," Japanese paintings and crafts. 


MONTE CARLO. Salle Gamier (td: 

OPERA — Feb. 27; “Manon Lescaut” 


AMSTERDAM, Print Gallery (td: 

EXHIBITION — To March 8: “Mi- 
chiairi Sakamoto.” 

•Rtiksmusetnn Vincent Van Gogh 
(id: 76.48.81V 

EXHIBITION— ToApril IS: “Dutch 


ESTORIL. Caanoftd: 268.4531). 

o Feb. 28; “Maria 

Fernanda Amado. 

LISBON. Calouste Gulbenkian 
Foundation (733131). 

BALLET— Feb. 23 and 24: “Puldn- 
efla” (Sporembldc. StravinskyX “Re- 
turn toa Strange Land" (KyKanJana- 
cefc), “Nuaxes” (Kjdian, Debussy). 
CONCERT — Ft*. 28: Gulbenkian 
Orchestra, Claudio Scunome conduc- 
tor (Marcadanle, Rossini ). 
RECITAL— Feb. 26: Harold Lester 
piano (Scariati, Seuas). 


EDINBURGH. National Gallery (id: 


To April 28: “The 
Face of Nature: Landscape drawings 
from the permanent collection." 
•Queen’s Hall (id: 66831.17). 
CONERTS — Feb. 23: Edinburgh 
Symphony Orchestra, Alasdair Mi Ui- 
eu conductor. Daphne Godson violin 
(Giazounov, Franck). 

Feb. 28: Rod Chamber Orchestra, 
Ruth Hardwicke, Rob Morsbcraer 
conduct ore, Ted Brown cdlo(Bocche- 
rini, Morsbezger). 

GLASGOW, Theatre Royal (tel: 

OPERA — Feb. 27: “The Bartered 
Bride” (Smetana). 


BARCELONA, Centre d'Estudios 
d’Art Contemporani (id: 329.19.08). 
EXHIBITIONS — To March 10: 
“Joan Mir6," “Richard Hamilton’s 
’Image and Process.' " 


BERN. Museum of Art <teJ:22.09-44L 
EXHtBITlON — ToMarch 3: “Picas- 
so: The Blue Period." 

GENEVA, Grand ThtSire (tel: 

OPERA — Feb. 19 and 23: “Tristan 
tmd Isolde” (Wagner). 

•Mos6e de rAih&fe (td: 29.75.66). 
EXHIBITION — To March 5: “BaH 

ZURICH Opernhaus(tc): 25 1.69 JO) 
OPERA — 'Feb. 23: “The Escape (rom 
the Seraglio" (Mozart). 

Feb. 26: “Fiddio" (Beethoven). 

Feb. 28: “Tosca” (Puccini). 


NEW YORK, Guggenheim Museum 
(tel: 360J5.0Q). 

EXHIBmONS— ToMarch24: “Rce 

To April 14: “Kandinsky in Paris: 

•Lincoln Center (td: 87039.6 0), 

New York Oty Ballet — Feb. 23 and 
24: “Eight Lints” (Robbins, Rocb). 
Feb. 24: “The Cage" (Robbins, Stra- 
vinsky), ‘'Andantino" (Robbins. 

Art (td: 

■Metropolitan Museum of Al 

EXHIBITION — To Sept l : 

Sept 1: “Man 

and tire Horse.” 

•Whitney Museum of American Art 
(td: 5703633). 

EXHIBITION —To March 3: “The 
Thud Dimension: Sculpture of the 
New York ScbooL" 


CARDIFF. Sl David's Hall (td: 

CONCERT — Feb. 27: University 
Choral and Orchestral Society, Alan 
Hoddinott and Clifford Bunford con- 
ductors, Martin Jones piano (Rach- 

RECITAL —Feb. 28: Emil Gileb pi- 
ano (Debussy). 

.t.. * 

i \ :.4 ■ 0*- " : ■ 

V :} ’ .. 

; S l . : ■ fj « x • t'i i 

*5 s ‘ 

a , .. t ■„ > 

Is*. ■■■ 

Ashford Castle. 

Baronial Style in an Irish Hotel 

by Barbara Dubivsky 

C ONG, Ireland — Twilight was 
drawing near as we passed through 
the great iron gates, but there was 
light enough as we rounded a curve 
in the tree-lined drive to illuminate the 
weathered battlements and lofty turrets of 
Ashford Casile on the far shore of the Cong 
River in Ireland's County Mayo. Wasn’t it 
sad, said the driver who had brought zne 
from Galway, that President Reagan never 
saw the castle from this vantage point, com- 
as he did by helicopter during 

The following morning. I ventured into 
the village of Cong, just outside the castle 
gates. After exploring the the tiny village, I 
looked in ai the small art gaDeiy and had 
coffee at The Quiet Man cafe, named for the 
John Wayne classic filmed in Cong and on 
the castle's grounds. 

Ashford has been welcoming distin- 
guished visitors since 1228, when the de 

1 Anglo-Norman fam- 
of Cong, a small ruin 

his stay here last June? 

The reception desk was real enough, 
though so discreet that guests might feel they 
were arriving for a large house party (there 
are 78 bedrooms.) rather than a stay at a 
castle- turned-hotel The inner circumference 
of a huge round tower formed part of the 
waQ of my spacious and well-appointed 
room, complete with paintings, large bath- 
room and a huge bench for luggage. The 
view was spectacular: a handful of palm 
trees in the foreground, several turretea fol- 
lies off to the right and in the center an 
enormous circular fountain surrounded by a 
Gower -bordered lawn. The lawn ran down to 
the ruin of the original 13th-century castle at 
the edge of Lough Corrib. 

At dinner, under one of the sparkling 
crystal chandeliers — 620 pieces in each, all 
carefully washed in sea water once a year, 
according to the maitre d’hote! — I ordered 
salmon, taken from the river just outside the 
dining room windows and smoked on the 
castle grounds, and a rack of Irish lamb, 
marvelously tender and delicately flavored 
by the herbs and sweet grass on whicb the 
sheep had grazed. Around me, other diners 
were enjoying local prawns and oysters. 

After dinner, it was down to the Dungeon 
Bar, a basement ballroom when the Guin- 
ness family occupied the castle. Now the 
splendid stone-vaulted room rings with the 
dear, pure voice of Annette Griffin and the 
strains of her Irish harp. 

Burgos, a conquering 
0y. erected the Castle i _ 
of which is still an integral part of the present 
castle. Sl Patrick himself is said to have 
Slopped on its grounds. When Sir Benjamin 
Guinness acquired the estate in 1852, after 
many changes of ownership, the principal 
residence resembled a French chateau. 
Greatly expanded since, Ashford is now an 
elongated composite building with what 
must surely be every castellated feature 
known to architecture. The overall effect is a 
visual charmer. 

The present baronial style was the cre- 
ation or Sir Ben jamin' s son. Lord Ardilaun, 
who look his tide from one of Lough Cor- 
rib’s islands. The castle's transformation 
into a luxury hotel was completed in 1972 by 
its present owner, John A. Mulcahy. an 
American of Irish ancestry. It was in his 
private suite that President and Mrs. Reagan 

Meanwhile, the castle remains a realm of 
the ima gina tion. The outdoor setting has a 
history that goes back 4,000 years, to when 
the castle grounds were the site of a great 
Stone Age battle between the Ftrbolgs (bog 
men), a tribe said to have been of Mediterra- 
nean origin, and the native Tuaiha de Dan- 
aan, who reportedly used magic powers to 
save the day. Indoors, the 18th century im- 
poses itself with visions of fancy balls and 
shooting parties. 

There is an understated elegance to the 
long string of lounges and drawing rooms 
that overlook Lough Corrib. All are lavishly 
furnished with liberal sprinklings of antiques 
and topped by paneled ceilings. Scores of oil 
paintings adorn the walls and elaborately 
carved stone fireplaces are everywhere. The 

one in the Corrib Lounge includes a figure?, 
head of Rurai (Rory) O’Connor, the last. 
High King of AB Ireland, who did penance- 
for his sins at Cong Abbey. 

One favorite spot is the inglenook, a-, 
cased is carved oak that soars 20 feet (6. 
meters) to the ceiling, with a fireplace; 
flanked by a pair of padded benches. No- 
longer the library it was in Lord Ardilaun’s 
day, the nook is still a grand place for read-!, 
mg, writing or trysting. Rising from the great 
center haTTis-a broad three-tiered staircase.- 
with walls lined in bright green damask and 
lighted by crystal chandeliers. 

In Ashford's unspoiled setting of quiet, 
woodlands, meadows-and waterways, a mart-,, 
made swimming pool would be out of char- 
acter, and so there is none: Bui there is 
fishing galore — trolling for salmon from- 
March to May, wet-fly fishing for trout, 
throughout the summer, also for pike, perch.- 
and bream. The hotel also has a private nine-, 
bole golf course. From November to early, 
January, Ashford offers tower shooting for- 
duck, driven pheasant, rough woodcock and-, 
snipe. Those who come to shoot game must- 
bring their own guns, for whicb licenses are 
required, in alL Ashford, which now in- 
cludes almost 300 acres (120 hectares), has- 
sporting rights to the 26,000 acres that con- 
stituted the old Guinness estate. 

Bicycles were available for rental in Coogr 
But I longed for an Irish jaunting can ul 
which to ride around the countryside, peix 
haps to search for the cnisbeens (little cross- 
es) that I was told could be found on the. 
roads around the castle. For hundreds of; 
years, piles of these rough wooden crosses 
have Ircen left in memory of the monks 
expelled by King Hemy Vul of England. « 

Ashford Castle, in the village of Cong, & 
about 28 mites north of Galway and 80 miles 1 
north of Shannon Airport. The address ^ 
Ashford Castle, Cong. County Mayo, Ire- r 
land (telephone: Castlebar 71-444). 

Ashford closes from early January until 
about the end of March. 

O / 984 The New York Turns 

Restaurants: America at Table 

by Patricia Wells 

f I \HE approach is distinctly Ameri- 
1 can: With unrestrained emhusi- 
I asm, unabashed naivety a touch of 
gluttony, a twinge of $uflt, and a 
heavy dose of 1980s-style patriotism, Ameri- 
cans have discovered American food with a 
capital F. 

And like a lot of fads in the United States, 
it's a bit much. 

Almost overnight, American restaurants 
have replaced everything else interesting 
there is to do or talk about — work, sex, 
travd, movies, music, art, theater. (About 
the only subject that competes with food at 
the dinner table these days is health, with a 
capital C for cholesterol) 

New York magazine calls it Restaurant 
Madness. California magazine says, “Once 
upon a time folks went to dinner and the 
show, now dinner is the show." For a nation 
of heavy eaters known to finish off a 5:30 
P.M. steak-potato-two-martini dinner in 20 
minutes flat, that’s a revolution. 

Rich parents now buy their children res- 
taurants, rather than make them partners in 
the family law firm, and a new association, 
the American Institute of Wine & Food, has 
been created to harness and give a bit of 
direction to aQ this energy. 

Of course with the fad comes a new vocab- 
ulary. Great restaurants aren't just great, 
they are "world class," and now the race is 
on to see who in America will be the first “bi- 
coasial” chef. 

A new style of eating, “grazing." has 
evolved, in which Americans don't dine in 
courses, they eat tike sheep, grazing from one 
dish to another, one restaurant to another, in 
search erf the perfect dish. 

Restaurants are now referred to as "the 
property," and plain old waiters and wait- 
resses have been turned into “waitpersons." 
And they have new status. No longer the 
line, “My name is Janies and T m your waiter 
for tonight” (Unsaid but understood is the 
thought, “and I hope I won't be here tomor- 
row nigbL") 

These waitpersons are likely to be better 
dressed than the clients (at Michael’s in 
Santa Monica, California, the waiters are 
costumed by Ralph Lauren), and, boy, are 
they informed. 

Recently at Square One in San Francisco, 
I was praised for my choice of 1983 Brander 
Sauvignon Blanc, and told it would make a 
fine marriage with the penne with pancetta, 
radicchio, onions, garlic and breadcrumbs, 
because it would not be to “grassy." 

Al Stars, also in San Francisco, I queried 
the waiter about Lhe preparation of the snails 
with ham, shallots, tarragon and chnrdon- 
nay. He reded off a detailed, step by step 
recipe. When I told him that he sounded like 

the chef, he responded, with a serious gaze: 
“Oh, but it’s our job to know exactly how, 
every dish is prepared-” Bravo. 

We are talking about a -nation of people 
who realized that the way to get ahead was 
education. So Americans have taken to edu- 
cating themselves about food, but with a 
passion bordering on fanaticism. 

You can’t just be interested in food, you 
must become an expert fast, or your friends 
will leave you behind on their next night out. 

Imagine the hard-working businessman. 
He's tired, just wants a nice simple dinner 
with friends. But no-oo. He's visiting a new 
oyster bar that night, so he sends his secre- 
tary out for a fish encyclopedia, so he can 
study up in the cab on the way to dinner. 
And he knows it’s not good enougbjust to be 
able to recognize all those oysters, or to 
instantly distinguish the Pacific Coast gold- 
en mantle from the Maine tnalpeque, the 
Prince Edward Island bristol from the Dd- 
marva Peninsula chin co league, but he had 
better be able to offer a firm, educated, well- 
polished opinion erf each. 

The fad has not only resurrected forgotten 
foods — such as Seattle's geoduck, Michi- 
gan's morels and Oregon’s white truffles — it 
has also brought baby zucchini, radicchio, 
and arugula to the local Safeway, and has 
encouraged the creation of totally new 
foods. Soon Americans will be introduced to 
a completely new, engineered vegetable, the 
MexiBeU. It looks just like an ordinary bell 
pepper, but the trick is that with Men Bell, 
you can control the beaL For a sweet pepper, 
just remove the seed core. For a hot one, 
leave it in. 

a small hunger, there's always the $2.95 { 
special a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. • 

Wbat mi earth does .tbis all. add up to?/. 
Wed, frankly. -Shere is * lot .positive about . 
this zany revolution. There is little questioru 
that (me is tim in g better in America than, 
ever before. Food is fresher and more varied,* 
than ever. Being a chef or waiter is not ontyr- 
considered a profession, but an honorable 
one. Americans are beginning to paycareful 
attention to pairing wine and food. The new 1 ' 
respect for freshness and simplicity is wel- . 
corned, for these are qualities many self-.- 
satisfied Europeans have taken for granted . 
for so long they have not even noticed that . 
these qualities are slowly dying. 

The flourishing of “spa cuisine” (a carbon, 
copy of Michel Gufirard’s cuisine mincew)- 
and the concern for health will, one hopes,-, 
add up to not just better bodies, but true: 
flexibility in dining out. / 

The trend has nourished a healthy lot erf 
self-appointed experts. And there is do lack 
of unmerited smugness. One sadly misin - 
furmed California critic wrote that Mien one 
considered great restaurants, France and It- 
aly were still in the running, but that Califor- 
nia was closing fast With a straight face; he 
also volunteered that California now has 
four “world class” restaurants, on the leveL 
of say, Fredy Giraidet’s in Switzerland. By 
the way, the writer suggests that you might 
as well forget about New York, 

B UT no one knows whether this is a- 
six -month romance or a lifelong love 
affair. American restaurants may* 
have replaced theater, but there sure are 
going to be a lot of one-night stands. And 
will the TV generation, unwilling to sit* 
through reruns, be willing to sample a res'* 
laurant, even a dish, more than once? . 

There is also a lot wrong about this hyper- ' 
pedantic approach to food and restaurants.; 
You don't learn about food from books, but 
from eating, from tasting, from eating good'' 
food and bad food so you know the differ- 
ence between the two. 

Many of these new restaurants are beauti- v 
fuL comfortable, fun to be in. Bui the foodT 
During a two week bi-coastal tour, I.. was 

delivered plate after plate of food that 
id s 

TSTT HICH brings us to a restaurant 
\JkJ called America, which — surprise — 
If specializes in American cuisine. As 
you cater the giant Manhattan loft you feel 
17 again, entering the basketball court-dance 
floor to the sounds of the Beach Boys. The 
huge pink menu is about as wordy as the 
Manhattan phone book, and makes for bet- 
tor reading. You can dine on Cajun chicken 
lips, a brace of New York’s finest all-beef 
tube steaks (formerly hot dogs), dive into a 
Tuscaloosa BBQ pig-pull plate, and finish up 
with my old Girt Sctout favorite S' Mixes (a 
melted Graham cracker sandwich, filled 
with marshmallows and a Hershey bar). For 

looked and sounded wonderful. But the ma- 
jority of it had no taste, no flavor, one might 
even say, no education. I felt time after time- 
that I was being shown the emperor's new 
clothes. Granted, I did sample a lot of won-'* 
derful bread and Americans still know how'i 
to make terrific pie crust, but the nation is ' 
still bush league when it comes to the watery- 
brown liquid that passes as coffee, the stale'-* 
black specks known as pepper, and what do,’ 
you say to someone who asks if you want J 
your champagne on the rocks? - 

France and Italy, need they worry? Not 
yet. But at Alice Waters’s Chez. Panisse in : 
Berkeley, California, I was served French'; 
bread that was fresher and more Gavorfuh 
than you can find in 99 of 100 restaurants in ■* 
France. Her grilled pigeon was as good a»^ 
any main course in most of France’s three— 
star restaurants, and the impeccably rimpNr 
green salad was so fresh you woum think 
hadjust walked in from the garden. 

They did laugh as Californians soothered 
the state with grape vines. No one would be^ 
so silly as to underestimate the energy of' 
America a second time around. ■ 




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Oyer Water on 2Engine S : I„ Search of the Real Guido Rlcclo 
Convenience vs. Risk? — 

by Roger Collis 

'■ILL the passenger be trading 
lower safety standards far a s»u- 

W I< .. .. 

nous convenience by flying the 
wide-bodied, twin-engined 
planes now craning into service on long-haul 
routes of 8 to 10 hours? 

This is the question being asked by the 
Imemational Federation of Air T in.. pjj OLS 
Associations (IF ALP A) and the Internation- 
al Airline Passeneers Association hapav ^ 

TWA 13151 tran ^ AflH " rir 

service wi 

Boeing 767s. 

fleet of extended-range 

Dth these organizations believe that com- 
mercial interests of manufacturers and air- 
lines may be forcing regulatory authorities 
into premature approval of extended over- 
water flights by planes that were not de- 
signed for this purpose, and that unles s new 
international rules for certification are en- 
forced, passengers will be exposed to higher 
risks than with the three- and four-engine 
planes (Tristars, DC- 10s and Boeing 747s) 
they are replacing. 

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administra- 
tion (FAA), the British Civil Aviation Au- 
thority (CAA) and the International Crvil 
Aviation Organization (ICAO) are examin- 
ing evidence for new certification and oper- 
ating rules for extended-range twin-engine 

Meanwhile, Stephen Last, the principal 
vice president of the pilots’ organization, is 

TWA obtained a special extension to 75 
minutes for its modified 767s. 

TWA, as well as several other airlines 
waiting in the wings, is hoping that by the 
time its St Louis service starts in April the 
FAA will have extended the rule to 120 
minutes, which would enable it to fly the 
direct, more southerly route. 

_ An FAA spokesman confirms that its ad- 
visory circle proposes to establish criteria for 
120 minutes. But he warns that the final 
outcome could be very heavily infln^iyd by 
the public comment period, tentatively 
scheduled for early spring. 

A 120- minute ride would be closely in line 
with the preseat ICAO guidelines, which rail 
for 90 minutes distance from an airport at 
all-engines speed. This has been interpreted 
as 120 minutes at single-engine speed. (Nor- 
mally if you shut down one engine on a twin- 
engine plane you slow down to three-quar- 
tos of the normal speed.) The International 
Air Travel Association mires the neutral po- 
sition that there is no valid reason for reduc- 
ing current ICAO recommendations allow- 
ing twin-engine aircraft to operate at up to 
90 minut es at all-engines speed. 

Insiders say that an ICAO proposal to 
establish a 60-minute standard may be wa- 

by Susan Lumsden 

S IENA, Italy — Gordon Moran is a 
most unlikely infidel to be assailing 
this Gothic tower of Italian art. The 
former New York stockbroker 
turned art historian — and with only a 
bachelor's degree at that — has been saying 
for seven years that Siena's meet famous art 
masterpiece and tourist attraction, the mon- 
umental fresco of Guido Riccio, is not by the 
14th-century painter Simone Martini, but a 

have been properly taken into account “The 
technical people at the FAA and the CAA 
are largely in agreement with us about the 
safeguards that are needed,” he says. “But 
we are very concerned that these wiD be 
watered down by commercial pressures and 
will not in fact be enforced.” 

Hans Krakauer, senior vice president of 
the passenger organization, says: “It is not 
an acceptable position for airline users to be 
caugbt between assurances on performance 
and safety by the manufacturers a nd the 
convincing technical arguments against the 
early introduction of these fli g ht* by the 
pilots to whom we trust our lives.” 

The planes at issue are the long- rang e 
version of the Boeing 767 and Airbus 310 
(both wide-bodied) and tile slender, single- 
aisle Boeing 757. These planes carry a maxi- 
mum of about 200 passengers against about 
430 for the Boeing 747. TWA says that its 
767s consume 30 percent less find than any 
plane now flying the Atlantic. 

What this means for the passenger is the 
possibility of daily nonstop services between 
dries that cannot justify daily 747 flights; for 
example, Dusseldorf-Lagos or Frankfurt- 
New Orleans. This will mean better use of 
crews and ground staff and may ultimately 
bring fares down (although this is probably a 
vain hope). But more convenient uchrdnlr* 
may be offset by a greater chance <rf cancel- 
lations and diversions due to bad weather. 
The reason fra this is that the “big twins” 
will need to stay doser to alternative air- 
fields along transoceanic routes than planes 
with three or four en gines Across the North 
Atlantic, for example, airports like Kcvflavit 
in Iceland, Scradrestom in Greenland or 
Goose Bay in Labrador may preseat weather 
problems for an emergency landing. 

TWA’s first extended-range 767 arrived in 
Zurich, from Boston via Paris, on Feb. I. 
This service, which operates five days a 
week, replaces the Lockheed Tristar far the 
month of February only. The airime plans to 
start daily nonstop round trips with 767s, 
one each between St. Louis and Paris and SL 
Louis and Frankfurt, starting April 29, with 
the intention of op ening a new market be- 
tween the Midwest and Europe. A daily 767 
nonstop service is also planned between 
New York and Munich starting mid-June. 
The 767s have a configuration of two, three 
and two seats across, and carry 187 passen- 
gers, 18 in first class, 40 in business class and 
129 in economy. Seat width and pitch is 
jIc with the Tristars. 
i flights follow a northerly route across 
the tip of Greenland, which could require up 
to 30 m in utes more flying time than the 
usual direct route doser to Newfoundland. 
This is because of the FAA rule for twin- 
engine planes that limits the distance they 
are allowed to be, at the farthest point on 
their course; from a suitable airport. The 
present rule is 60 minute* of flight time at 
single-engine speed, although in late January 

Pilot, passenger 
groups sound 
safety warning 

tered down because of opposition from some 
countries, especially Australia and France. 

The big twins have been traveling safely 
across Europe and the Middle East and coast 
to coast in the United Slates on flights of 
four to six hours. So why has safety become 
an issue fra these state-of-the-art planes that 
are perfectly capable of flying me slightly 
longer transoceanic routes? 

‘The big difference is that if you shut 
down an engine you have an emergency 
situation and so it’s prudent to land as soon 
as possible. On a typical short-to- medium 
haul you’re unlikely to be more than 30 
minutes from an airport,” says DFALPA’s 
LasL “But flying across the ocean you’re 
going to be relying not just on one engine but 
with 50 percent of your systems shut down 
for six to ten times longer.” 

Last is not convinced by the manufactur- 
ers’ more extravagant claims of reliability for 
the big-fan jets of today. “Back in 1953 we 
were getting 91 engine failures fra every 
mini on bourns with DC-3s. This compares 
with 68 engine failures per milli on hours 
wjth 767s [that’s shut down for whatever 
reason] and 25 failures per million hours 
with small twins, DC-9s and 737s.” He does 
not think these statistics justify “the manu- 
facturers’ view that everything is so much 
better now.” Fra instance, a fleet of 40 
Boeing 747s typically might have up to 60 
engine shutdowns a year. 

In Aviation Week and Space Technology 
of last Dec. 17, McDonnell Douglas is 
quoted as saying that the extension of the 60- 
minnte rule for over-water operations of 
twin-engine transports represents a “totally 
new ride” that the industry has a limited 
capability to offset 

A spokesman fra Swissair said: “Airbus 
310s and Boeing 767s were designed as 
short-to-medium-haul planes. We don’t be- 
lieve that the engines have been tested for 
long-haul flight. We would use planes like 
these fra Amca and the Middle East, but 
definitely not across the ocean.” 

El A1 operates 767s from Tel Aviv to 
Montreal, and British Caledonian is flying 
Airbus 3 IQs from London to Lusaka, both 
under existing rules. Air Canada is said to be 
planning to use extended range 767s be- 
tween Halifax and Britain. 

Neither Last nor Krakauer of the IAPA is 
opposed to the ultimate use of the big twins 
cm long-haul routes. What they are saying is 
that reliability and safety are not yet proven, 
and that the issues should be put uncompro- 
misingly before the traveling public. 

“What we would like to see is a proper 
demonstration flight, actually going out and 
shutting down an engine and carrying out all 
the emergency procedures, rather than wait- 
ing until something goes wrong in a commer- 
cial service with passengers." Last says. ■ 

Visions of India 

by the Bengali director Satyajit Ray, an 
adaptation of a novel by Rabindranath Ta- 
gore. A complex tale of love and politics in 
Bengal in the first decade of the 20th centu- 
ry, it presents a non-British view. Unlike all 
the other films I have talked about, its main 
characters are all Indian. But even so, the 
stray does not escape the in flu e n ce of the 
Raj; Lord Cnrzon’s division of Bengal, and 
the anti-Empire feelings it inspires 40 years 
before independence are the background of 
the central action. 

Fra the real India, you have to go farther 
back, a view which Americans are about to 
g« with the awesome “Festival of India” 
that is rywnfng h&e this year. Like the Taj 
Mahal, the Festival is a reminder to Ameri- 
cans that there was an India wrath paying 

Continued from page 5 

attention to long before the British acquired 
the place. 

To be sure, Indian society was certainly an 
appropriate place fra the English to overlay 
their own — two rigid class systems inter- 
twined, with the majarajah and the white 
buna sahib coexisting in dazzling luxury at 
the top, both of them assiduously ignoring 
the masses at the bottom, even while they 
exploited them. 

In “A Passage to India,” the humiliating 
ordeal of being tried for attempted rape — 
analogous to India's long humiliation under 
British rule — rids Dr. Aziz of his obsequi- 
ousness. After it is over, he says with new- 
found dignity, “I am an Indian at last.” ■ 

« 1983 The New York Times 

Paris Sundays 

light bistro lunch and a r et u rn to Paris by 
train in the late afternoon. 

Prat-Royal, in the devreuse Valley, can 
alcn be reached by riding the regional MAtro, 
the RER, to the last stem at Saint-Rfcmy-lfcs- 
Chevreuse. CTharias de Gaulle Airport is the 
last stop at the other end of the hne, which 
means that a visitor with a Sunday stopover 
in Paris can take the RER from the airport to 
Saint-Rfimy, spend the 'day Wiring or biking 
(there is annul service there), and return to 
the airport to catch an eve nin g flight. 

More strenuous Sundays can include scal- 
ing cliffs in the- Fontainebleau forest and 
other areas around Paris, organized by the 
Club Alpin Framjais, another national asso- 

Similar services are provided fra cycling 
fans by the FMfratkra rnm$aise de Cydo- 
tourisme, including a handy map showing 50 
all-day scenic bike rides in the Paris area, 
and a listing of Sunday outings for which 
■ whir nan sign up in advance. “The 
at the railroad stations are jammed 

Continued from page 5 

with more and more members Sunday morn- 
ings. trying to get their bikes on trains to 
head fra the country, illustrates what is hap- 
pening," comments Girard Anglade. a psy- 
chiatrist, and trip organizer. 

Many participants ihmk that, compared 
to jogging, shopping in the Paris markets, 
visiting museums, or watching Sunday 
morning television, the primary advantage is 
the opportunity to meet the a broad spec- 
trum of the French in a casual setting. “We 
get a lot of displaced parsons craning along 
— teachers, post office workers, nurses, of- 
ten from the provinces — and they meet each 
other cm these outings.” says BoufiL “Jt 
works because it is a very flexible formula -— 
you just turn up and enjoy the company." 

Some telephone numbers for information 
or reservations: 

Randormeurs (File de France, 542-24-72; 
Chib Alpin Francois, 742-5677; Federation 
Francaise de Cyclowwisme, 580-30-21; 77ie- 
6tre du Rond-Poiru, 256-70SO; Thedtre La 
Bruy&re, S74-7699; SNCF Information, 261- 
5050. ■ 


David was not by Michelangelo but by an 

inspired dilettante. 

Last year Sena dedicated another major 
tourist attraction, the clamorous bareback 
horse race, the Palio, to Simone Martini, 
believed to have been bom in 1284. A con- 
ference on the artist was postponed, howev- 
er, perhaps because of Moran’s lectures and 
articles, while the Italian art establishment 
and press have been largely hostile to Mor- 
an’s views, recent coverage in the foreign 
press has started to shift the battik The 
conference has been rescheduled for March 
27,. along with a Simone Martini exhibition, 
but the first voDey won’t be Moran’s. He has 
been excluded from the official program. 

Recently, the 46-year-old Moran spoke 
about the fresco to a group of an students in 
tiie Sal a Mappamondo of Siena’s Palazzo 
Pubblico, which houses “Guido Riccio.” On 
the opposite wall there is the more character- 
istically Sienese goldleaf background fresco 
of the “MaeslA,” or Virgin Mary enthroned 
with angels and saints. ‘This is more secure- 
ly attributed to Simone Martini," Moran 
said. “There are very few signed and docu- 
mented works by Simone in the world, al- 
though there are about 50 attributed. As you 
know, ‘Guido Riccio’ is the one featured in 
every art history text as the forerunner erf 
Renaissance portraiture and symbol of the 
power of the Sienese republic in the late 
Middle Ages.” 

Today, the commune of Siena uses the 
image as a travel poster, vintners as a wine 
label and the Italian state railway as a deco- 
ration for its coaches. In short, “Guido Rio 
do da Fogliano at the Siege of MonlemassT 
is a national institution. 

“Guido Riccio was a soldier of fortune, a 
mercenary from northern Italy,” Moran 
said, pointing to the stark, desert-like land- 
scape of the fresco that is still characteristic 
of the Siena area. “To the left and in front of 
Guido Riccio, there’s the castle of Monto- 
massi, which he captured in 1328. the date 
written on the border of the fresco. To the 
right, or behind him, there is a temporary 
defense structure called a battifolle. much 
like the old Wild West forts against the 
Indians. From this, the Sienese waged their 
victorious campaign.” 

A LAS, the trouble with Guido Riccio 
f\ was that he was probably a traitor. 
-L A. The Sienese supposedly discovered 
that he had let supplies into another enemy 
castle, Arddosso. and he was banished in 
1333. According to the practice erf danauaio 
memoriae, Moran says, his portrait should 
have been defaced or destroyed. Yet, it 
seems perfectly preserved. Furthermore, 
continues Moran, the horse and rider look 
odd, even for so-called primitive an. “I be- 
gan to think they were painted later, perhaps 
by one of Simone's pupils after Guido Ric- 
cio’s name was cleared in subsequent vic- 
tories for Siena.” Moran wrote his first 
doubts for the University of Florence’s jour- 
nal Paragone in 1977. 

A scaffolding soon appeared with one of 
Italy’s leading restorers, Leonetto Tiniori, 
aboard to determine whether Guido Riccio 
and his horse were an integral part of .the 
fresco or painted over later by an inferior 
artist. They were painted at the same time by 
the same artist, said Trntori, which lead 
Moran to question the paternity of the entire 
fresco. The matter might have ended there 
had Trntori not discovered another fresco 
lower on the walL 

Now uncovered, it features the tall figure 
of a knight with a sword confronting another 
holding a pair of gloves, a symbol of surren- 
der. The background is apalisaded castle on 
a diff . It is in good condition except fra the 
the figures of the knights, which are scarred 
and pitted. Moran maintains that this is the 
original Martini “Guido Riccio,” but accept- 
ing the surrender of Arddosso. 

As for the fresco above, not rally the horse 
and rider seemed odd. Moran says mflitaiy 
historians have told him that the battifolle 
was not invented until two centuries after the 
fresco was supposedly painted. Nor were the 
vineyards near the battifolle a 14th-century 
planting technique, but one developed much 

AS these anachr o nisms were identified, 
official opposition to Moran grew. 
_LjL Finally in 1981, an official commis- 
sion announced that the newly discovered 
fresco was not by Simone Martini but by his 
teacher, Ducrio di Buoninsegna, depicting 
not Arddosso bnl another castle; Grnncar- 
ico, captured by Siena in 1314. By backdat- 
ing. the identity of Guido Riccio remained 

The only problem, volunteered Federico 
Zeri, a prominent art historian, is that the 
style is too sophisticated for Duccio and 
1314. Zeri, who is not from Siena, is Moran's 
chief supporter. 

The opposition, led by Siena’s director of 
museums. Piero Torrid, maintains that 
Moran is too concerned with facts and fig- 
ures that are difficult to prove. He is backed 
by two art historians, Luciano Beflosi of the 
University of Siena and Max Seidel of Uni- 
versity of Gottingen. The Germans have a 
strong contingent in Chianti; a local land- 
owner helped finance the recovery and resto- 
ration of the “new” fresco through the good 
offices of the German Kunsthistorzsches In- 
stitut in Florence. 

“It's obvious that the soft style and mas- 
terful technique of ‘Guido Riccio at Monte- 
mass’ could only be by Simone Martini,” 
Torrid said recently in a telephone interview. 
Tm giving a paper at the conference that 
will prove my point-" If he is wronfe he 
recently told an Italian journalist, he will go 
back to school and relearn everything from 
scratch. Basically, he says, the proof is in the 
style. “You just have to use your eyes.” 

Speaking to the students, Moran invited 
one to peer up at the fresco, which protrudes 
an inch beyond the two lower and unrelated 
frescoes, painted by Giovanni Sodoma in 
1529. “The additional layers of plaster of the 
‘Guido Riccio' suggest it was done after 
1529.” be said. “Yet, the official opinion is 
that the wall moved." 

Moran added that the only way to settle 
anything would be to remove more of the top 
frescoes in the Sala Mappamondo. 

Guido Riccio in the contested fresco. 

“This new Guido Ricdo fresco could be 
one of a lost series of four, perhaps even 
seven castles, by the real SimoueMartmL 
Preliminary scientific studies using ther- 
movision have shown that there are four 
layers of plaster, lightly frescoed, on the 
adjacent wall It's now possible to safely 
remove frescoes and preserve them on a 
separate backing, just like paintings on can- 
vas. And they can be reattached just as 

Moran graduated in art history from Yale 
in 1960 and went to work on Wall Street His 
Saturdays, however, were spent at the Frick 
Collection pursuing his passion for Sienese 
art His first article was published in 1967 in 
the Yale Art Gallery Bulletin, on Ambrogjo 
Lorenzetti. a contemporary of Simone Mar- 
tint T enjoyed the business world and there 
was some money to be made,” Moran said, 
“but my vacations in Siena were getting 
longer and more expensive. Finally, after 
five trips in 1974, 1 figured it would be 
cheaper to come to live here for a year. I've 

just completed my 10th year and 40th arti- 

collaborator and former Yale 

lory is Mor 

e classmate . 


chael Mallory, a professor of art history at 
Brooklyn College. In New York, he pursues 
the case of Guido Riccio with the American 
academic community. 

Moran says his case has been helped in 
some ways by the Modigliani fakes, referring 
to uproar last summer when three Livorno 
students created “Modigliani” busts with 
machine tools and passed them off on the art 
establishment as the authentic but rqected 
works of the frustrated sculptor, who sup- 
posedly threw them into the Livorno Canal 
in 1909. The experts recanted only when the 
fakers went on television to produce another 
“Modi gliani ” 

“All of art history is about who said what 
and the who is often more important than 
the what,” Moran says. “In the old days, art 
history was not a discipline, but a thing of 

connoisseurs and a very private one at that. . 
There were no politicians, mayors or tourist ! 
dollars involved in these questions. They- 
could be discussed quietly and I ima gine, 
more openly." 

While the Modigliani affair can be written 
off as a student prank, he believes the “Gtri- * 
do Ricdo” is possibly a case of ancestor 
worship. The great Piccolo mini and Bichi 
families of Siena were related by marriage to 
Guido Ricdo da Fogliano, says Moran. Tt's 
quite possible that someone in the 18tfa cen- 1 
tury wanted to glorify the joint f amil y histo- 
ry by painting this triumphal equestrian por- 
trait over the one that had bran defaced in ' 
the 14th century. It is odd that the first 
description of the fresco as it appears today ■ 
dates only from 1730. But whether fm right 
or wrong, the real issue is how the art world 
is handling the question.” 

Pending judgment, the “case of the centu- 
ry,” as it is being called, is still on view on the 
second floor of the Palazzo Pubblico from 9 
AJSL to 1 P.M. Admission: 2.000 lire. ■ 

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Hcral b 



Time for Linked Growth 

Last Oct 31 in this space we urged gov- 
emments to consider joint action to spur 
growth and jobs in 1985. Now President 
Reagan and Fed Chairman Paul Voider 
have suggested mter-goverainental effort to 
spread recovery beyond America’s shores. 
Other governments may look askance. 
Should not America put its own shop in 
order first? But the suggestion has merit. 

This is the right moment to coordinate 
strategy for growth. The May summit meet- 
ing of the seven major economies is in full 
preparation. Stronger demand in Europe 
and Japan might help to correct the exces- 
sive strength of the dollar. More important- 
ly, and more certainly, it would help correct 
Europe’s mounting unemployment and Ja- 
pan’s inexorable conquest of world markets. 

Extravagant action is not called for. Eu- 
rope is not yet free of inflation and it would 
be madness to revive that infection. But 
there is room for action in at least two major 
countries where inflation has been substan- 
tially reduced and the trade balance is strong 
or acceptable — Britain and West Germany. 

Both have recently achieved major reduc- 
tions in the budget deficits that their au- 
thorities judged fundamentally harmful In 
both there is a certain rruirg n j of spare ca- 
pacity that could be brought into use. They 
should judiciously relax their budgetary pol- 
icies. They could reduce taxes. (Bonn al- 
ready plans to do this in I98G and again in 
1988. but there is no imperative reason to 
wait till then). They could increase public 
spending moderately, to the advantage of 
(hear citizens. In Britain particularly, there 

should be cuts in the charges that employers 
have to pay to take on more labor, and in the 
taxes and other disneentives that make it 
more interesting for workers to stay in the 
dole queue rather than accept jobs. 

West Germany says its economy is too 
small to play the role of the locomotive that 
pulls the world back to prosperity. Nobody 
asks it to do that But it has a contribution to 
make — however modest — and one that 2^ 
million of its own jobless will welcome. 

In Britain the decline of the pound raises 
the question of whether anything worth- 
while can be afforded, but this argument can 
be 'overdone. The fall has not been all that 
great against most erf the countries with 
which Britain trades. What mainly hap- 
pened was that the dollar went up against 
the world as a whole. And insofar as sterling 
has in fact fallen on a worldwide basis, there 
is less danger that a mild bit of British 
reflation will amply suck in imports. 

And Japan? A country with very low in- 
flation, a mountainous trade surplus and 
labor waiting to come onto the market if ' 
solicited can surely afford some effort to 
stimulate home demand and reduce the ex- 
tent to which its growth depends on exports. 
But the real contribution Japan could make 
lies in import policy — relaxing the arcane 
standards and regulations, and the purchas- 
ing policies of the public monopolies, that 
create nightmares for competitors. Japan 
must choose which contribution to make: 

The Reagan- Volcker hints are important 
Leading countries should follow them up. 


Apartheid Hits Out Again 

What kind of thuggery is going on in South 
Africa? The govemmmt has arrested more 
than a dozen leaders of the United Democratic 
Front, the principal black nationalist organi- 
zation. At least six were charged with treason 
and will be tried next month in Durban along 
with eight other UDF figures already in jail. 
The eight had been detained without charges 
last year for protesting against the new South 
African constitution, freed partly as a result of 
President Reagan's intercession and then 
promptly arrested and charged with treason. 

The South African authorities have not 
made public the basis of the charges. Their 
record, however, makes it impossible not to 
suspect a political purpose. 

The authorities let the UDF be organized 
two years ago. It was formed oat of hundreds 
of local black union, civic, church and social 
organizations. For a white leadership looking 
to reform the apartheid system, as President 
P.W. Botha claims to be doing, it made a 
certain sense to sanction a moderate, non- 
ideological community-based organization 
devoted to nonviolence. The need for such a 
structure became especially dear after blacks 
overwhelmingly rejected the government's di- 
versionary scheme to divert urban black politi- 
cal aspirations into local town councils. 

Almost from the start, however, the UDF 

has been severely harassed by a government 
evidently alarmed by its popularity, momen- 
tum and potential as a national political vehi- 
cle. And now it has been in effect decapitated, 
although its decentralized, constituent nature 
offers it souse possibilities of a continuing life. 
Whether the government win dare to ban an 
organization claiming more than a million 
members may be the next question. 

Apartheid seeks to reserve to the white mi- 
nority authentic national political rights and 
to spin off blacks to tribal “homelands." But 
the whites have never known how to handle 
the milli ons of urban blacks who do not live 
in the homelands and who cannot aO be re- 
located, if only because they are needed in the 
work force. The right and necessary thing 
would be to accept blacks as permanent South 
African citizens and to begin arranging with 
their chosen leaders their passage to equality 
and freedom. But that the white power struc- 
ture has so far refused to do. 

It only toys with the idea of rdeaang Nelson 
Mandela, a long-jailed nationalist It accepts a 
UDF, partly for considerations of internation- 
al display, and then loses its nerve and con- 
cocts a ‘Treason’' conspiracy against it Its 
performance is wretched and shortsighted and 
can only produce further grief and bloodshed. 


The Cost of Auto Quotas 

President Reagan apparently has decided 
not to extend the quotas on imports of Japan- 
ese cars. The White House says the future of 
the quotas is up to the Japanese. That is merely 
an attempt to perpetuate the fiction that the 
quotas are voluntary restraints exercised by 
Japan. The Japanese government will not be 
able to maintain tight limits on the automobile 
companies’ exports in the absence of an explic- 
it U.S. requirement The pattern of imports 
will now shift from the precise numerical quo- 
tas of the past four years to a much fuzzier sort 
of understanding that permits a rising volume 
of Japanese cars to cook into America but 
(probably) discourages sudden surges. 

Why get rid of the quotas? You might note a 
recent coincidence. Chi the same day last week 
that the Chrysler Corporation announced re- 
cord profits, the federal International Trade 
Commission published its report on (he effects 
of the quotas. By holding down the number of 

Japanese cars, the quotas push up the profits 
automobile manufacturers. 

of the American automot 
The three big American auto companies — 
General Motors, Ford and Chrysler— togeth- 
er reported $9.8 billion in profits in 1984. The 
cost of the quotas to American consumers, 
according to the ITG was $8,3 billion. 

Not all erf that $8.5 trillion west to the 
American companies. The Japanese compa- 
nies and their American distributors got S3.3 
billion of it. Tie import quotas constitute a 

gigantic subsidy from American automobile 
buyers to Japanese and American producers. 
It is oot a conventional subsidy, since it does 
not pass through any public budget, but it is 
real money. The ITC calculates that last year 
the average price of Japanese cars sold in 
America was $1,300 higher than it would have 
been without the quotas, and the average price 
of American cars was about $630 higher. 

The purpose of the quotas was to save jobs 
in the American automobile industry. In that 
respect the quotas haw been fairiy effective. 
Employment in the auto industry is currently 
just about where it was in 1981, when the 
quotas were first imposed Thai, the ITC says, 
is about 44,000 jobs higher than there world 
have been without the quotas. 

Isn’t that a good tiring? Yes, for auto work- 
ers. But not for other workers. By keeping out 
Japanese cars, the quotas aggravated the over- 
valuation of the dollar's exchange rate and 
increased its impact on other industries that do 
not enjoy the benefits of quota protection. 
Quotas do not save jobs; they just move un- 
employment from one industry to another. 

With the auto quotas, the Reagan adminis- 
tration ' established an international cartel 
which, in cost to American consumers, ranks 
second only to OPEG Mr. Reagan speaks 
fervently of his confidence in open markets. As 
be sometimes says: If not now, when? 



1910: Workers Strike in Guadeloupe 
XMNT-A-PITRE, Guadeloupe — A series of 
trikes broke out last week ai Abymes, a centre 
belonging to the Sod&i Industrielle. Notwith- 
landing the efforts of the factory owners, it 
tas beat found impossible to arrange a setlle- 
nent, and the strikers have burned ten hect- 
ics of sugar cane plantations. The situation 
as been made all the more serious by the 
iropagation of the strike movement in other 
entres belonging to the Credit Fonder and 
ither companies. Gendarmes are on the scene 
if the strikes, but their number is insufficient 
a deal with the situation. It is feared that the 
ictories will have to close down, a step which 
wjuld b ring about disastrous results. 

1935; Will Women Behave at Oxford? 
OXFORD. England — The Rev. WJL Bad- 
ger, of the Oxford Union, carried the emanci- 
pation of women at Oxford another step for- 
ward during a debate [on Feb. 21] what he 
came out for the admission of women to the 
union's new dining hall on a “guest night” to 
see whether their conduct merited their pres- 
ence at all meals. “If they behave nicely,” he 
added amid cheers, “as I am sure they will, let 
them come altogether." Thus did the Rev. 
Badger help win the evening for a proposal by 
the union's committee that women be admit- 
ted to all meals. After a storm of protest the 
scheme was carried, 12S to 66. Women had 
been admitted only to morning coffee and tea. 


JOHN HAY WHITNEY, Chairman 1958*1982 




LEE W. HUEBNER, Publisher 

Executive Editor RENE BONDY . . 

Editor ALAIN LECOUR Asvxsaie PitNuher 

Deputy Editor RICHA RD H. MORGAN Associate Publisher 


Asuan* Efim- FRANCOIS DESMABONS Dorrtor 

? D.KB 

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0 1985, Jnumauml Hewd Tribune. AB rights reserved. 

Egypt Is African and Its Principal Problem Is Water 

C AIRO — “The next war in obi region 
will be over the waters of the Nile, not 
politics," said Butros Butros Ghali, Egyptian 
minister of state for foraagu affairs, in a recent 
interview. “Washington doesn’t take this seri- 
ously, because everything for the United 
States relates to Israel, cnl and the Middle 

By Joyce R. Starr 

East. They’re aware of the African dimension 
tr problem, but it's simply not a priority." 


Egypt’s increasing preoccupation with the 
three-year drought in Africa is little known 
and rarely discussed- Bui a week of interviews 
with senior officials suggested that afl other 
issues, including relations with Israel pale by 
comparison to growing anxieties over water. 

A presidential adviser, Ossama el-Baz, ac- 
knowledged that the issue of water is viewed 
in the inner circles of the Egyptian govern- 
ment as central to Egypt’s future The amount 
of water stored behind die Soviet-built Aswan 
Dam, he said, “is today barely sufficient 
to cany us for one more year." 

Egypt's present water crisis is the worst 
since 1 913, Egyptian experts say. A continua- 
tion of the African drought into a fourth or 
fifth year would drastically affect Egypt's 
tourism revenues, making the Nile tmnaviga- 
bie for leisure vessels while creating acute 
water shortages in holds, and would all but 
eliminate (til export revenues as oil becomes 
the only ready alternative for generating elec- 
tricity — with targeted completion of Egypt’s 
nuclear power facility almost a decade away. 

drought could also ultimately 
mean millions of starving Egyptians. 

“Our problem cannot be solved according 
to classical formulas," Mr. Butros Ghali in- 
sisted. “Without political imagination. Egypt 
will become a new Bangladesh fraught with 
drought and famine — but with one differ- 
ence. This Ban gladesh will be on the beaches 
of the Mediterranean — only one half -hour 
by jet from the rich people oi the north." 

When the drought began three years ago. 
the Aswan reservoir was fuH By the begin- 
ning of 1985 Egypt had withdrawn more than 
50 billion cubic meters of water, raking 20 
billion in the last year alone when the inflow 
from the Nile was the lowest in 15 years. 

If the drought continues for another year, 
said an official at the JJS. Agency for Inter- 
national Development, the reservoir will drop 
sufficiently to affect power generation. If ll 
goes on two more years, “Egypt will have used 
up all of its ‘live’ usable storage. By the third 
year they would have no power generation 
and only enough water to serve two-thirds of 
the area presently being irrigated." 

The chances of the drought continuing “ap- 
proach infinity," he pointed out. But even if 
the dry spell should end, the Nile is no longer 
sufficient to support both Egypt's burgeoning 
population (expected to increase by IS mil- 
lion to 68 million in the next 12 to 15 years) 

and the nine other African nations that also 
look to the Nile’s water for survival. 

As these countries shift from dependency 
on rain to modem irrigation techniques, “the 
quantity of water available to Egypt will also 
be less," Mr. Butros Ghali said. 

Egypt supplies its population with free wa- 
ter for fanning, thus encouraging reliance on 
ihe ancient tradition of “flood" irrigation 
instead of strategics to conserve water. Any 
Egyptian, wealthy fanner or peasant, can 
draw as much water as he pleases from a 
national canal system below ground level so 
long as he can pay the meager price of a pump 
to bring the water up. “Even my garden is 
flood-irrigated,” a U.S. official commented. 

The government according to Mr. El-Baz, 
is considering a combination of measures to 
deal with the problem, including negotiations 
with Sudan to reactivate work on the Jonglci 
canal a possible tariff on domestic and agri- 
cultural uses of water, and a media campaign 
to educate the people in water conservation. 

He indicated, however, that while Lbe gov- 
ernment of President Hosni Mubarak has 
been preparing over the last several months 
for a “worst case scenario," it is having a 
difficult tune focusing the attention of neigh- 
boring African states in the Nile users' orga- 
nization: “These countries are wrapped up in 
their local matters and under the best of 

circumstances are not inclined to plan- 

keep wishing and hoping the rain will fall 

that everything will be aB right” 

Work on the Jongka canal was recently 
halted when the chief engineer was kidnapped 
by southern Sudanese insurants who claimed 
that Egypt planned to steal Sudan’s water. He 
has since Seen freed, but the affair scared 
Western firms paitjdpating in the prqject 
Mr. Butros Ghali adds that deepenmgthe- 

first canal or creating a seexmd could t^e two - 

to three yeais of negotiation, and another two 
years to secure funding front the United 
States or Europe — and then as many as 10.; 
more years to complete construction. “Again ~ 
we are about the year 2000 when 
Egypt will have 15 million additi 
The government’s media can 
ing limited success. “Hardly a 
that there isn't some message on the 
meant to educate the people," said Moham- - 
med Abdullah, rhairman of the foreign affaire * 
committee in the People's Assembly. “The ^ 
government is aware of the problem and try- 
ing to find a correct approach. The dilemma is /, 
that rair people, including most of the efitc. do - 
not yet seem to grasp the magnitude of the 
issue or the potential catastrophe involved.” 


The writer directs the Near East program of 

the Center for Strategic and International 
7wn Uni 

Studies at 
used this to the 

W» verity. Shecomrih- 
htemational Herald Tribune. 

The Shevchenko Memoir 
Sends Opposite Messages 

By Charles William Maynes 

ItsWWS ImVbH zumsM 

wr tcv warm. 


W ASHINGTON — Several years 
ago, the most extraordinary 
accounts of the Soviet attitude to- 
ward Andy Young, then the U.S. per- 
manent representative to the United 
Nations, used to flow into the De- 
partment of State, when: I was serv- 
ing as assistant secretary of state for 
international organization affairs. 

According to those reports, Much 
came directly from an unnamed Sovi- 
et source, Mr. Young was greatly en- 
hancing American prestige ar| d influ- 
ence among Third World countries to 
the detriment of the Soviet Union. 

into question persistent American be- 
liefs about the relationship. 

Many American accounts of U.S.- 
Soviet relations ate as the height of 

Soviet perfidy Mr. Gromyko’s con- 
ning the 

CAN f 




In formulating US. 
policy toward the Soviet 
Union, both hawk and 
dove have a role to play. 

Worried Soviet officials were search- 
ing for a counters trategy. 

With the publication of Arkady 
Shevchenko’s sensational memoir 
“Breaking With Moscow," the source 
of those reports is now dear. For 
nearly three years, until his defection 
in 1978, Mr. Shevchenko served as an 
American spy, using his privileged 
position as ondmccrctary-graeral of 
the United Nations for pouticnl and 
Security Council affaire to inform the 
U.S. government of Soviet plans on a 
number of highly sensitive issues, 

Mr. Shevchenko had previously 
been a personal aide to and protegfc 
of Forogn Minister Andrei Gromy- 
ko. It is safe to say that the Shev- 
chenko memoir will mflnenee Ameri- 
can attitudes toward the Soviet 
Union for years to crane. 

There are several ways to read the 
book: as confirmation of Soviet ma- 
levolence, as evidence of splits within 
the Soviet leadership and as proof of 
recurring -— and missed — diplomat- 
ic opportunities for America. 

For those who see the Soviet 
Union only as an “evil empire," the 
book is a godsend. Soviet leaders are 
described as “avidly" seeking hege- 
mony. They are “afl hawks with ra- 
sped to the final goals of their 

duct during the Cuban missile crisis. 
But Mr. Shevchenko believes that his 
former patron .probably was not lying 
to President Kennedy when he de- 
nied that the Soviets had installed 
missiles in Cuba. He may have been 
in the same position in which then 
UN Ambassador Adlai Stevenson 
found himself during the Bay of Pigs 
crias, when be angrily denied before 
the United Nations that the United 
States was involved in the invasion of 
Cuba, only to leant later (hat his own 
government had misled him. 

Nor, according to Mr. Shevchenko, 
are the critics of detente corned when 
they point to Soviet behavior before 
the 1973 Middle East war as proof 
that the Soviets were abusing the 
rules of d&tente. The Soviets did not 
urge the Egyptians to attack Israel he 
asserts. He says that the war took the 
Soviets “by surprise." 

From talks with “numerous Soviet 
leaders, militaiy and nonnrilitary 
alike, including members of the Polit- 
buro,’' Mr. Shevchenko believes he is 
in a position to stale that (he Soviet 
Union would never initiate a nuclear 
war against the United Stales. 

Drawing on his work with Mr. 
Gromyko and Soviet Ambassador 
Anatoli Dobrynin, he details the two 
diplomats’ repeated efforts to give 
top Soviet leaders a more accurate 
picture of American life. 

There are problems with the book. 
For example. Mr. Shevchenko defect- 
ed in 1978, yet he claims to know Mr. 
Gromyko's attitude toward die tran- 
sition from Yuri Andropov as general 
secretary to Konstantin Chernenko. 
which took place years later. 

Putting together (be problems and 
the contradictions, where does the 
book leave ns? Just about where we 
were before it appeared 

What it teQs us is that Soviet lead- 
ers are both ambitious and prudent. 
They would like to prerail over their 



A Law of D iminishing Soviet Leaders? 

P RINCETON, New Jersey — A 

fundamental question about the 
nature of the Soviet political system 
is often overlooked in speculation 
about possible successors to Kon- 
stantin Chernenko, whose health is 
failing one year after he became gen- 
eral secretaxy. Does it matter so much 
who will be the next Soviet leader? 

Eventually it may matter, but that 
is far from certain. As in other politi- 
cal systems, the personality and indi- 
vidual views of a Soviet leader have 
sometimes profoundly affected the 

By Stephen F. Cohen 

Constraints on the 
gmend secretary grew 
into a tacit system of 
checks andbakmces 
in the Breshnev yean. 

American rival and they will look for 

iS TO' 

use of power. Stalin's psychological 
needs, as his biographer Robert G 
Tucker has shown, were a driving 
force behind the extraordinary poli- 
cies of the Soviet 1930s, from collec- 
tivization of the peasantry to the 



any useful tool in this effort. But they 
do not want war. And they back away 
from steps that clearly seem to bring 
Shevchenko suggests that they may it closer. Fra much of the Cold War 
have ordered the assassination of period the United States has followed 

roughly the same polity. 

The real message of Mr. 

great terror of 1936-39. And Nikita 

Dag Hammarslqold, the UN secre- 
tary-general who died in a 1961 plane 
oash in what is now Zambia while on 

a mission to the Congo. 

rials, Mr. Shevchenko 

Soviet officials, 
says, value the United Nations only 
because it is in New York, a conve- 
nient place to assign their many spies. 

Alongside the revelations in the 
book that reinforce fears about the 
Soviet Union are revelations that call 

ko’s memoir is therefore that in for- 
mulating U 5. polity toward the Sovi- 
et Union both the hawk and the dove 
have a role to play. Overall policy 
should perhaps be harder than at 
tunes it has been, but at important 
moments it should be softer than it 
has ever been allowed to be. 

© 1985 Charles William Maynes. 

’s self-image as a benevo- 
lent reformer played an essential role 
in his unexpected de-Stalinizatiou 
policies from 1956 to 1964. So it 
would be historically incorrect to say 
that all Soviet leaders are alike. 

But the Soviet Union is no longer 
the leader-dominated political sys- 
tem that many observers still imag- 
ine. Indeed, the steady erosion of its 
top executive office, the general sec- 
retaryship of the Soviet 

Party, may be unique among 
nations. Since ~ 

Stalin's death in 1932 . 
each Soviet leader has had less per- 
sonal power to make domestic and 

Five Open Questions , Light and Heavy 

W ASHINGTON — Here are 
questions, light and heavy, to 
which not even a certified boffin 
has been able to find an answer: 

Who decided that this year was 
going to be the 40th anniversary of 
everything? The free world is knock- 
ing itsdf off its axis trying to decide 
what to do about the 40th anniver- 
sary of V-E Day. Jewish groups are 
solemnly observing the 40th anni- 
versary of the liberation erf Dachau. 
Right-wingers are working ihcm- 
selves up into a rage about the 40th 
anniversary of the Yalta agree- 
ments. U is as if 50th anniversaries 
suddenly went out of style. 

By William 5 afire 

ca anniversaiy of Social Security in 
the United States, and of the U.S. 
Senate's prescient rejection of the 
World Court? This very week has 

ition of Ebbets Field (Hit 
Sign. Win Suit), with none so poor 
as to do it reverence. Gold and 
silver anniversaries have we none; 
all we get is rubies, as we march in 
lockstep to remember 1945. 

Whw negotiating genius in the 
Reagan administration decided dm 
this would be a dandy time to reward 
Japan with an end to its restrictions 
on auto exports? Japan's closed- 
door market is responsible for a 
537-biflion trade deficit, one-third 
of America's international red ink. 
They won’t let Americans sell them 
a cigarette or a baseball bat, Mule 
American consumers keep Japan’s 
factories running overtime. 

It is as if the unilateral disanners 
had taken over at the White House, 
urging America to turn in its eco- 
nomic bargaining chips for cow 
chips. By being Mr. Nice Guy, 
doormat diplomatists hope Japan 
will suddenly change its ways and 
embrace free trade. That is the silli- 
est notion since the Nixon adminis- 
tration got nothing for giving the 
Japanese back Okinawa — the in- 
vasion of Much, by the way, took 
place 40 years ago next April 1. 

Who is the secret editor in super- 
chief of TimeWeek, the mindset 
conglomerate that dictates to Tune 
and Newsweek that they must have 
the same caver? In the last six years, 
cover subjects have been identical 
83 times, or 36 3 percent. At times 
of earth shaking news events, dupli- 
cation can be expected, but is it 
coincidence or conspiracy that re- 
sults in simultaneous covers on Sat- 
urn, or forgery? What shadowy 
Henry Anatole Graham gave the 
order two weeks ago to zero in on 
the American fanner, mid followed 
it up this week with a ukase that 
produced a simultaneous hi 
of Time and Newsweek on 
// bedrock US policy is to 
Russian influence out of the Mu 
East, why has the chief State Depart- 
ment Arabist been discussing that 
subject thlsweekin Vienna with Via- 
dinar Polyakov , who used to master- 

irouMemaking as envoy to Commu- 
nist Southern Yemen ? 

The only reason offered for this 
obvious cave-in to Soviet demands 
is that it was mentioned by Presi- 
dent Reagan in his United Nations 
speech last September, as if that 
[nevious mention were a reason. 

I subject that lire stunning policy 
reversal may have had something to 
do with Mr. Gromyko’s pre-elec- 
tion picture-posing at the White 
House, which led to arms mHr* and 
destroyed a Democratic issue. Cer- 
tainly the agreement to deal with 
the Soviets in that area is a major 
concession at brad’s expense, no 
matter bowit is denied; but nobody 
is willing to say what Washington 
traded its concession for. 

Why does the speaker of the U.S. 
House have to get lessons in proper 
House tenrmwbgy from the British 
prime minister? Mrs. Thatcher, at 
the start of her splendid speech 
Wednesday (which did not touch 
on America's Grenada invasion, 
which she opposed, or her Falk- 
land* war, some secret details of 
which may prove embarrassing), 
thanked the House for iJS ^jamt 
meeting." At the end. Speaker Tip 
O'Neill concluded “this joint ses- 
sion." Bui a session occurs when 

the two Houses convene to do busi- 
ness, as to hear the president's State 
Of the Union Message or to count 
electoral voles. All other gatherings 
to hear speakers occur during a re- 
cess and are joint meetings. 

The New York Times. 

foreign policy than his predecessor. 

The question is whether tins re- 
markable trend is a kind of law of 
diminishing general secretaries, re- 
flecting deep structural changes in 
the system, or merely the result of a 
coincidental succession of aged and 
ailing leaders, an d thus apt to be 
reversed by a younger successor. 

There is no set pattern of supreme 
leadership in the Soviet Union, which 
has had only six leaders since 1917 — 
three of them since 1982, Each led the 
countiy in a different way. 

Lenin possessed personal author- 
ity unrivaled among his colleagues, 
even though he held no special post in 
the party and made derations collec- 
tively with them in leadership coun- 
cils in which raucous disagreements 
over policy were common. 

Stalin's long rule transformed the 
nature of Soviet leadership in two 
important ways. In the 1920s he 
emerged as Laud’s successor hugely 
by using the bureaucratic jrowen tit 
appointment inherent in his position 
as general secretary, thereby making 
it the tep post for future successions 
as wdl But in the 1930s he became a 
capricious and unchallengeable ty- 
rant, over the party and (he country, 
on the baas erf police tenor. Nomi- 
nally, other Ugh officials sat with 
Stalin in the Politburo and the Cen- 
tral Committee, but they did so at his 
pleasure and often perished at his 
whim. They were, as Khrushchev lat- 
er remarked, “temporary people." 

More than any other factor, that 
traumatic experience shaped post- 
Stalin leadership. Fearing the advent 
of another despot above them, Soviet 
elites have imposed constraints on 
every subsequent leader. 

Despite his activism, Khrushchev 
was always challengeable on matters 
of power and policy, as was drama- 
tized by his abrupt overthrow by the 
Central Committee in 1964. Alarmed 
by his increasingly arbitrary behav- 
ior, that representative assembly of 
ranking elites resolved that no future 
general secretary should also be head 
of the government bureaucracy, or 
premier, as Khrushchev had beat. So 
Leonid Brezhnev lacked a formal 

general secre- 
tary, even in the area of appoint- 
ments, grew into a tacit system of 
checks and balances during Brezh- 
nev’s 18-year reign. A de facto shar- 
ing of power evolved among high- 
level party and state officials, only a The writer is professor of polities at 
few of whom actually sat in the Polit- Princeton University raid a frequent 
bwo. Brezhnev’s conservative poll- commentator on Soviet affairs. 


Farmers’ Unmeant Sum 

Begirding the editorial w Too Much 
Farm Support” ffeh. 7): 

Even if a farmer had a flexible 
production schedule, he would not 
reduce production unless induced by 
the government to do so. Faced with 
large . fixed costs, relatively constant 
marginal costs and no control ova 
market prices for his products, the 
farmer tries to marimrw his profit 
by maximizing his output 
Unfortunately, ihe sum of individ- 
uals' rational action sometimes ietos 
to disastrous results for afl. 

frt America this has meant costs 
greater than revenues. Farmers have 
to turn over crops to the Farmers 
Home Administration as payment on 
loans. Is that Teaiheriwdding" or 
a personal crisis tor the fanner left 

with little to live on in the winter? 

A possible solution for the United 
States would be a return to M sef- 
aride" programs. That would dins- 
nate the cost of storing and distribut- 
ing huge surpluses, and also any 
repetition of the “payment in kino 
disaster. But it wouid^ bepervetse in a 
world of starving Africans. 

Farmers must operate mote efC* 
oently. It does not pay for individ- 
uals to own hundreds of thousands of 
dollars worth erf machinery that is 
rardy used Joint ownaship and co- 
operatives are called for. 

Bui American agriculture, which 
has tiadiacmally accounted for half 
the country’s exports, will not recover 
until government defeats and the val- 
ue of tbc dollar come down. 



ties both reflected and nurtured the 
new leadership system by virtually 
guaranteeing life tenure to such offi- 
cials, by respecting the prerogatives 
of their fiefdoms and by not impos- 

Qnoe power has been so diffused in 
a political system, it is hard to re- 
trieve. It may be especially difficult in 
the Soviet system, where elites have 
learned to thwart reforms from above 
and where a new general secretary 
seems to need at least five years, more 
than an American presidential term, 
just to consolidate his authority as 
leader. Yuri Andropov, who succeed- 
ed Brezhnev in 1982, was too old and 
ill to accomplish that feat, and the 
same is true of Mr. Chernenko. 

Nor is there dear evidence that the 
Soviet elite now yearns for a strong 
leader. Some analysts mistake grass- 
roots nostalgia for Stalin, the “strong 
boss.” for eUte opinion. 

Some assume that Andropov, a 
former KGB chief, was chosen to tea 
strong ruter. Bat it may well be that 
tbe Central Committee, which selcos 
(he general secretary, knew about 
Andropov’s kidney disease and thus 
had no illusions about his prospects. 

Above all there is the telling fact 
that the Sonnet dice has tolerated and 
chosen aged, enfeebled leaders ever 
since Brezhnev became seriously in- 
firm in the late 1970s. 

A revitalization of the top leader- 
ship position is still possible in the 
Soviet Union, particularly if linked to 
growing sentiment favoring econom- 
ic reform. The decision-malting pro- 
cess remains highly centralized and 
the power of the party Secretariat, 
however diminished, still exceeds 
that of any other institution. 

Andropov’s “anti-corruption” 
campaign showed that a general sec- 
retary can devise new ways to extend 
his authority to the bureaucratic ter- 
ritory of recalcitrant officials. More- 
over. the two logical candidates to 
succeed Chernenko, Mikhail Gorba- 
chov and Grigori Romanov, are con- 
siderably younger and, it seems, 
healthier men. With luck, either 
would have time to try, 

But unless a strong elite sentiment 
and political coalition for reform 
stands behind the next general secre- 
tary, he will end up, as did his recent - 
predecessors, being a mediator of 
conflicting interests rather than a 
maker of policy. He wifi reign rather 
than rule. In that fundamental re- 
spect, who win occupy the office of 
general secretary is now less impor- 
tant that what puts him there. 

pOHA — Q a:2! 

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txvr' r - v - 



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P en * r ‘i of Qatar' 


; ^ 





Gas Project 
An Anchor 
In Shifting 
Oil Market 

t Leads 

•- ; 

Where the 
Oil Goes 

Petroleum exports provide up 
to 90 percent of Qatar's 




Page 9 

£t*.: DOHA — Qatar is forging, ahead 

r l’~2Z 9 - with plans to exploit hs vast natu- 

• ral gas reserves by embarking on a 
nmltibilliorHioilar project guaran- 

^ teeing the country’s o3-dependem 
■ economy immunity against unfa- 
vorable market fluctuations. 

/ — Qatar has a two-phase plan to 

— devdop the offshore North Shore 

field situated under Gulf waters to 
the northeast of the country. Offi- 
Viy.. dal estimates put the field’s re- 
serves at 4 3 trillion cubic meters, 
.while recent seismic surveys indi- 
cate that ttefidtTs reserves are wdl 
.above the S trillion cnbic-meter 

^ . Qatar has the largest angle naiu- 

' h -Jral gas field in the world, and its 
GJV • ' preserves rank fourth among the 
£7'A ^world’s largest. With the North 
< ' -Held development project reaching 

production capacity by 1996, n 
■-iWill become one of the world’s top 
--'lO producers and exporters of liq- 
h efted natural gas. 

A step has been taken this winter 
.'^toward developing the field as part 
>of the first phase of the project 
.aimed at satisfying growing local 
demand. Bids were invited for the 
supply anrf installment of a dozen 
offshore jackets last December. In- 
vestments of more than $12 billion 
will be made to provide natural gas 
j products for local power genera- 

f I a 0 L don. water desalination and other 

I JjCuut major industries by 1988. 

Reductions in Qataris ofl pro- 
duction quota dictated by the Or- 
ganization of Petroleum Exporting 
” r-:: Countries have en tailed a drop in 

• associated gas production, which 

• rr-r currently represents a little less 

" than half its capacity. Qatar's sur- 

passing its quota of 300,000 barrels 

• - per day dunng the first half of last 

. r. year has brought relief to the gas- 
- . i 'dependent industries and helped 

z.rc. * the two liquefaction plants at Umm 
. Said achieve record production lev- 
n ■ i — ■. . :r-r. j ds in propane, butane and natural 
: gasoKne miring that period: 
v \zi-z~J. Offkjals^aid that they hopesur- 

-phis production from the fast 

phase of the project would be chan- 
’ - . v - r - *nded through a gas grid to other 
i " members of the Gulf Cooperation 
'll- i Council, who also haws offered 
- from drops in their associated gas 
. . ; zz: ' produetkm caused by reductiims in 
■ ^ their quotas for crude output. Al- 

thcragh a stuify hashes 
eron the GCCs part of the project, 
'--z.: - thesubject seems oot to have been 
(Continued on Next Page) 

With the 
Oil Glut 

I < 


r ‘ 
1 « 

J F 

Economy Is Moving Slowly 
Out oi the Gulf Recession 



Industries Face Competition and Obsolescence 

• By Sarah Searight 

DOHA — Qatar's recoverable 
ofl reserves have never been given 
as long a life— around 40 years at 
present production rates — as 
some -current producers'. Hence, 
the emirate, which began produc- 
ing cal in 1949, was one of the Gist 
Gtdf states to concentrate on diver- 
sifying its economy away from 
wholesale dependence on petro- 

' As ritber Golf oil produces have 
diversified too, Qatar has had to 
face increased competition at a 
time when several of its industrial 
plants are becoming obsolete. 

Most of the country’s heavy in- 
dustry is located about 30 kilome- 
ters (18.6 mites) sooth of the capital 
of Doha, at Umm Stud, where the 
port faeffitks are deep enough to 
accommodate large vessels. The In- 
dustrial Development Technical 
Center was set up in 1973 to devel- 

op the heavy-industry area, which 
includes steel, fertilizer, natural gas 
liquid (NGL) and petrochemicals 
plants. There is also a cement plant 
on the other side of the peninsula, 
near the Dukhan oilfield from 
which it draws its feedstock. AD 
these industries are fueled by gas, 
and the Qataris used to boast that 
95 percent erf their gas was put to 
use when most Gulf gas still was 
being flared. 

, Feedstock, however, has become 
a problem for Qataris industry. 
Both onshore and offshore fields 
produce associated gas that is 
piped to Umm Said ana fractionat- 
ed at its NGL plants. But quanti- 
ties are affected by production lev- 
els. In 1983 these were well below 
the demand for gas. Lost you- cC 
production picked up considera- 
bly, and tins year it is reaching the 
OPEC ceiling of-300,000 barrels a 
day. By 1986. however, Qatar will 
need to produce 400,000 barrels a 

ASIA 62% 


25% ^ 

day if industry’s demands are to be 
met. Hence, the need to press on 
with the development of North 
Field gas. At the moment, some 
nonassodaicd gas is bang pro- 
duced from a small onshore Khtiff 
reservoir, but this may run oat by 
1988 unless offshore gas is reinject- 
ed to maintain pressure. 

The cement industry, in Qatar as 
everywhere else, is suffering from 
the current glut Qatar’s cement 
plant (43 percent government- 
owned, the rest by private local j 
investors) began producing in 1965 * 
ax a rate of 330.000 metric urns a 1 
year, purely for the domestic mar- 
ket A new plant would need to 
produce double that quantity to be 

Meanwhile, other Gulf states, 
notably the United Arab Emirates, 
which has a cement surplus of six 
million tons a year, are talcing ad- > 
vantage of the Gulf Cooperation 
Council's rednetion of tariffs be- 
tween members to dump products 
in Qatar. The company has cut its 
prices by up to 30 percent, and is 
looking to a revival of the local 
economy to improve demand far 

Qatar Steel Co. also has been 
affected by dumping. Qataris was 
the first sted plant in the Gulf and 
has been producing steel bars for 
construction since 1978. It is a joint 
venture of the government (which 
owns 7Q percent), Kobe Steel of 
Japan (with 20 percent and the 
management contract) and Tokyo 
Bodti (with 10 percent and respon- 
sibility for marketing). At the mo- , 
meat it is faded by Khuff gas. j 

Despite price cuts by Qatar Steel 
and a 20-percent import duty on 
nourGCC steel dumping from out- 
side the Gulf also has been a prob- 
lem; the mam offenders are the 
East European producers. Qatar 
Steel hopes to counter this by per- 
suading the ore producers (Brazil 
and Sweden) to cut their prices. 
Any expansion of production to 
cur costs would depend on the 
availability of North Field gas. 

By Olfar Tohamy 

DOHA — Qa tar is moving slow- 
ly out of a recession that has 
plagued the Gulf since 1980, and is 
gearing its economy to absorb the 
benefits of the current uptrend. 

However, the emirate continues 
to cope with the combined effects 
of the Iran- Iraq war and the world 
oil gluL For the first time, it has 
made allocations this year for de- 
fense spending with the aim of 
buUding an air base near the capital 
of Doha to house 14 Mirage jet 
fighters imported from France. It 
also is participating in OPEC bdt- 
tightenmg measures to save ofl 
prices from another collapse. 

Qatar depends on oil exports for 
90 percent of its revenues. But there 
are signs that these revenues, 
slashed by 40 percent in 1983 fol- 
lowing a 55 cut per barrel of oil 
recovered significantly last year. 
After having been one of the coun- 
tries most severely hit by the unex- 
pected price decline, Qatar had the 
highest percentage increase of 
erode output last year. Its previous 
defiant attitude toward OPEC reg- 
ulations and its insistence on 
breaking the production quota of 
300,000 barrels a day through the 
first three quartos of last year, 
caused Qatar rebukes and another 
slash in its quota. Its present output 
appears to be in line with the new 
quota of 280,000 barrels a day. And 
die narrowing of the pricing gap 
between heavy and light erodes 
should enable Qatar to get over 
marketing problems that it has had 
without resorting to spot sales or 
barter agreements. 

Qatar has a small economy with 
a narrow base, which explains its 
vulnerability to fluctuations in tile 
ofl market Although the test of the 
state’s revenues is provided mainly 
by industrial exports, the local in- 
dustries also are idiant on the 
country’s oil and natural gas out- 
put With die exception of cement 
and steel which Continued to face 
tough competition through last 

year, the country’s output and ex- 
ports of petrochemicals and fertil- 
izers have increased, and have 
made up for the most part for the 
previous year’s disappointing re- 

The consensus among officials, 
led by the minister of finance and 
petroleum, Sheikh Abdel Aziz 
Khalifa al-Thanl and specialists in 
the economy and related financial 
Gelds is that the pace of economic 
growth is proportionate to that of 
government or public spending. 
This is due, they say, to the small 
size erf tte the market and the reluc- 
tance of the local private sector to 
diversify its activities. 

The statistics showing demand 
on private-sector credit reflect the 
extent to which government expe- 
dxtnre spurs the economy. 

Caution has been a hallmark of 
tiie Qatari government’s manage- 
ment of the country’s economy, of- 
ten resulting in underspending. The 

hoM C«* MdmWI 

stringent 1983-84 budget was un- 
derspent, and the country's econo- 
my emerged from its worst year 
with an almost total freeze on ma- 
jor projects and a smaller deficit 
than originally projected. 

The trend seems to be continuing 
for the current year, with the sharp 
rise in the stares revenues from ral 
exports not trickling down to the 
private sector in the same propor- 
tion. With a slight increase in capi- 
tal spending planned for the cur- 
rent year, and modest estimates of 
revenue increases, the overall bud- 
get deficit for this year amounts to 
3.682 billion riyals (about $1,011 
billion). But economic perfor- 
mance indicates that the gap be- 
tween revenues and expenditures 
could be much smaller, contrasting 
with the previous year's large defi- 

“I think we are dose to the aid 
of this cycle,” said Qatar National 

(Continued on Next Page) 




• ^ . r ..Va. -I ,TiK:"'v^v JV''f r?* ~ Klrt - * - Ss* ’’W 

■ : 1; . JSS, 



Source: Qatar Monetary Agency, 1983 

Qatar Sled’s plant was designed 
for export and has relied on the 
Saudi and Kuwaiti markets. The 
construction industry in the Gulf 
states has been hit by the recssskm 
caused by the oil glut, and Saudi 
Arabia now has its own iron and 
steel plant, twice the size of Qatar 
Sled’s 450,000-ton design capacity. 

"TV*. -^2^- 

As Demand Softens, Banks Compete for Deposits 

, v A* 

c •- "V - DOHA — Qataris banks have 
t;-: ‘ -emerged from another difficult 
. -- year with the urge to compete more 

fiercely /or dushe deposits and 

Two new banks; Qatar Islamic 

Bank and Qatar al-Ahli Bank, have 
\ brought to five the number of local 
<• , tanks, in addition to 10 branches 
. ' “JX _-<of foreign banks operating in the 
country. With the possible excep- 
* - ■ tioa of Qatar Islamic Bank, all of 

v these Hanks are commercial banks 
'serving the needs of the private 
J sector y winch continues to endure 

■ the recesoonfOT the third year. The 
*VnfU r ' .reduced demand on imports, drop- 
j-.mrtg by 25 percent in 1984, and the 
. -..-tall m construction activity have 
- ■">. -*_■ .contributed to the slnggish demand 
.V- ’** ' . commercial banking services. 

v At the end of 1984. the banking 

„ J? “ -sector's assets, amounting to 13323 

■ \y l - Whan riyals (about $3.66 million), 
/V. according to tire Qatar Monetary 
’’1 •. ? ' - Aeencv had erown hardlv at ail 

- . Agency/had grown, hardly at ail 
; ; *om the preceding year. The 
j-.- banks' d^wwats base remained al~ 
, r most stagnant, at 9^85 billion □- 
• yals, divided about equally^ bo- 
fweei local and foreign dfiposits. 

Throughout 1984, liquidity 

through tncreasag local and for- 
eign mlerbank operations. Their 
loans and advances to the govetn- 
meat and state agencies remained 
frozep below their 1981 level Facil- 

ities extended for financing pri- 
vate-sector trade, making up about 
half tire credit provided by banks 
last year, also leveled off in 1984. 
With construction activity slowing 
down and investment in real estate 
dashed to one-third of its level be- 
fore tire recession, the second-larg- 
est private sources of demand for 
credit shrank substantially. The 
private sector’s problems resulted 
partly from delays in payment by 
government agencies, particularly 
m the case erf construction firms, 
but were largely the outcome erf 
liquidity squeezes. This has been 
reflected on the aggregate balance 
sheet of all banks operating in the 
country — put together by the 
monetary agency at the end of last 
year — in tire form of unusually 
high provisions for doubtful or bad 
debts, amounting to 14 percent of 
their liabilities. 

Moreover, tire banks had to 
adapt to restraints on the volume of 
their activities produced by a sharp 
fall in capital transfers over the last 
two years — a phenomenon that is 
HnkM to tire relative improvement 
of interest rates on riyal deposits 
over gradually falling interest rates 
on dollar-d enominated deposits. 
Tins has led the monetary agency, 
which had prepared studies recom- 
mending raising interest rates on 
local currency deposits to halt a 
cootinous shift to dollar deposits, 
to opt for maintaining the present 
rates, said the agency’s chairma n , 

Majid akMajid. The rates, which 
have been fixed over tire last four 
years, are 4.5 to 5 percent on sav- 
ings accounts, 5 to 7 percent on 
notice and time deposits and 7 to 
9 JS percent on borrowing. 

The swing back to rival deposits 
has helped strengthen the local cur- 
rency, and to a certain extent eased 
recurrent liquidity problems, most 
bankers say. With the riyal main- 
taining its exchange rate against 
the surging dollar at 3.64, it has 
gained in strength against all other 
major currencies, including the 
Deutsche mark, the British pound, 
the French franc and the yen. 

Most of Qatar’s top bankers 
agree with Citibank's resident rice 
president, Matloob Khan, that “all 
of us have made less profits than 
last year.” None of the tank's year- 
end reports have been issued yet, 
but Qatar Islamic Bank could be 
the only exception. Its report at the 
end of the last Moslem calendar 
year showed an rai islanding perfor- 
mance for a bank that operated 
during its first six months, starting 
in mid- 1983, with vacant top man- 
agement positions. The general 
manager of Qatar Islamic, Qasirn 
M Qasun, who was appointed in 
January of last year, put tire bank's 
assets at the beginning of this year 
at 462 million riyals. “We’re grow- 
ing at a rapid pace, and I am confi- 
dent that by this year’s end we 
should become at least No. 3 in 
terms of assets and profitability,*' 

be said. Although other banks feel 
that Qatar Islamic stepped in and 
took over a large share in an al- 
ready crowded and shrinking mar- 
ket, Mr. Qasim stressed that “this is 
not a traditional beak that came to 
compete with the existing ones; we 
came to complement them and sat- 
isfy a need for Islamic banking.” 

Mr. Qasim said, however, that 
the interest-free bank has attracted 
from other banks puritan Moslem 
clients who refused to be paid fixed 
interest rates on their accounts. He 
also explained that there is pressure 
on Qatar Islamic, which is sup- 
posed to operate as an investment 
or merchant bank. The bank is in a 
dilemma, he said, because of the 
limited opportunities for invest- 
ment in Qatar or the Islamic world. 
-In addition, “my resources are 
short-tom, so I cannot go for long- 
term opportunities,” he said. 

Qatar National Bank, the first 
bank to be established in the coun- 
try, seemed certain to maintain the 
lead. Jawad Azzdt the bank’s ad- 
riser, said there are indicators that 
“1984 will be a better year for 
us. ..I think there will be an in- 
crease in assets and profits.” He 
said that part of the reason for 
QNB's strength u that “we get 
plenty of government business, and 
we have the support of the govern- 
ment,” which owns half erf the 
bank's shares. 




TOTAL ASSETS QR 6,875,456,000 



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Jordan National Bank, Amman: B.A.I.J., Paris: C.A.I.I.. Paris 
Banque Internationale Arabe de Tunisie. Turns 
Societe dTnvestissement Arabe de Tunisie, Tunis 

Page 10 



Qatar General 

And Reinsurance Co. S. A.Q. 

Paid Up Capital + Reserves 
around QR75 Million 

The symbol 
of security 
and continuity 

Hod Office: p.a Box 4500 Doha-Oatar 
Tel: 417800 (8 Ikies) Telex 4742 GEN04S 

Jura Branch 

Tel: 326443/326314 
Telex: 4877 GENINS DH 

Musherft) Branch 

(Sofitel Hotel) 

Tel: 436620 

Dubaf Branch 


Tei: 212508 
P.O. Box 8080 
Telex: 48878 QINCO EM 

AIKhor Branch 

Tel: 720974 

Industrial Branch 
Tel: 882077 


Service . 

The single most important aspect of 
the hospitality business. 

And people make the difference. 





Tel. 321321 

Tlx. 4664 RAMADA DH 
P.0. Box: 1768, DOHA-QATAR 





Producers of: 

Ethylene, Polyethylene 
and Solid Sulphur 

Main Office 
Telephone 321 105 
P.O.Box 756 
Doha -QATAR 


Telephone 7701 11 
Telex 4871 QAPSDH 
Umm-Said - QATAR 


Oil Sector Adheres to Quotas, 
Improves Marketing Strategy 


DOHA — Qatar, a supporter of 
OP EC's attempts to restore order 
to the world’s ofl market has 
curbed its tendency to produce 
above its assigned quota and has 
concentrated on improving its mar- 

Affirming his faith in the cartel's 
ability to survive and maintain a 
rote in regulating the world market. 

Qatar's minister of finance and pc- 

troleum, Sheikh Abdel Aziz 
li/a al-Thani, said recently that 
“OPEC is strong although it is 

Abdel Aziz emphasized that the 
country would respect the limits 
imposed by OPEC “Qatar is pro- 
ducing the amount set at OPEC's 
last conference, and it is totally 
committed to its quota, although its 
maximum [production] capacity 
exceeds double that amount," he 

Independent sources have con- 
firmed that Qatar's production fi- 
nally came into line with its quota 
during the last two months of 1 984. 
Official figures for average month- 

Qatar's production has finally come 
into line with, its quota ... 

passing through a difficult phase." 
He is a member of the committee 
formed to monitor production lev- 
els' consistency with quotas agreed 
on at the Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries plenary 
sessions. The minis ter, who recent- 
ly has joined the group of staunch 
OPEC advocates including Saudi 
Arabia's oil minis ter, Sheikh Ah- 
med Znlri Varna ni, and his Kuwaiti 
counterpart. Sheikh Ali al- Khalifa 
al-Sabah. believes that the cartel's 
crisis would be over sooner than 
Western observers expect if OPEC 
members dosed ranks and respect- 
ed the overall production ceiling 
aimed at balancing supply and de- 
mand in the market to prevent cQ 
prices from sliding. 

Qatar is the third-smaliest OPEC 
producer, with a production quota 
reduced last October to 280.000 
barrels a day as part of an overall 
lowering of the organization's pro- 
duction ceiling. Although this 
sharp cut would seriously affect 
Qatar’s economy, which depends 
on o3 exports for more than 90 
percent of its revenues. Sheikh 

ly crude output show that while its 
earlier quota was 300.000 barrels a 
day, Qatar was producing a little 
more than 500,000 barrels a day in 
June, and that the lowest monthly 
average was 390,000 barrels a day 
during March and April of last 

Two-thirds of Qatar's present 
production comes from its onshore 
Dukhan field on the country’s 
western coast facing the Arabian 
peninsula. The rest is produced by 
offshore fields in the Gulf to the 
east of the country. These are Idd 
ai-Shaqi, May dan Mshzsm and 
Bui Han in e, in addition to the Bun- 
duq field located in the territorial 
waters of Qatar and the neighbor- 
ing United Arab Emirates. Both 
countries share equally in the pro- 
duction revenues from the Bunduq 

All exploration, production, 
marketing and distribution of Qa- 
tar's oil and gas output are carried 
out by Qatar General Petroleum 
Corp., which has been concentrat- 
ing on improving the state of its old 
fields in tne absence of new discov- 

eries. Qatar's proven reserves 
would enable it to continue pro- 
ducing oil at the present rate for 
about 40 years. 

Qatar General has had difficul- 
ties in coping with the glutted 
world market This has resulted in 
barter agreements, as well as spot 
sales, which company officials re- 
fluctantly confirm. "There were 
barter deals made during 1983 and 
early last year, but now we're sell- 
ing through contracts.” said the 
deputy managing director. Sheikh 
Rashed Owaidah al-Tham. 

The reduction of oil output the 
new system of price differentials 
approved by OPtC and signs of a 
firming oil market could ease Qa- 
tar's marketing problems. .And Qa- 
tar General will have to concern 
itself with marketing products, 3 
new area it has entered recently. 
After the start of production at the 
new Umm Said refinery last Sep- 
tember, Qatar put an end to prod- 
uct imports and added to its local 
needs a surplus production, which 
it has to export. The new refinery, 
with a capacity of 50.000 barrels a 
day, is expected to satisfy local de- 
mand for butane, premium and su- 
per gasoline, jet fuel kerosene and 
diesel. • 


of b.p.d. 

bdorf Ci»* Muoiw/wr 

Gas Project an Anchor in Fluctuating Oil Market 

(Continued From Previous Page! 
brought up at decision-making lev- 
els. Recent reports also suggest that' 
the two prospective Gulf importers 
of North Field gas have begun 
finding ways of improving exploi- 
tation of their own resources. . 

Both Saudi Arabia and Kuwait 
have reduced daring of associated 
gas substantially, and Kuwait's 
natural gas production increased a 
lot last year. Saudi Arabia is invest- 
ing in a rapid development of n on- 

associated gas reserves. Ail natural 
gas exploration, production and 
marketing operations are carried 
out by Qatar General Petroleum 
Corp..’ but a new joint-venture sub- 
sidiary was formed last summer to 
carry' out tbe second phase of the 
project. The subsidiary, Qatar Liq- 
uefied Natural Gas Co., known as 
Qaligas. groups British Petroleum 
and Co mpag nie Fran^aise dcs Pt- 
troles (CFP-Total). with IS per- 
cent of the company’s shares each. 

with Qatar General owning the re- 

Qatar General has offered 15 
percent of its share to another part- 
ner in return for a commitment to 
import hair the LNG plant's 
planned output of six million met- 
ric tons. Preparations for this phase 

Thank to the Far East and two 
major Japanese trading firms have 
responded favorably to the offer. 

Economy Is Moving Slowly Out of Recession 

Japan is tbe world's largest -—and 

IG con- 

(Continued From Previous Page) 

Bank's financial adviser. Jawad Az- 
zefa. Pointing out the serious prob- 
lem of liquidity shortages, he said: 
“You cannot exclude the possibili- 
ty that at certain times of the year, 
when there are liquidity shortages, 
the state overdraws its accounts 
with the banks.” He stressed, how- 
ever. that this did not mean that the 
government has resorted to bor- 
rowing from the banking system 
inside or outside Qatar to finance 
the deficiL 

It seems that apart from tempo- 
rary overdrawing of government 
accounts with the banks, the gov- 
ernment has resorted to drawing on 

its reserves to cover tbe deficiL Qa- 
tar Monetary Agency reports show 
that government assets and re- 
serves have remained stable over 
the last five years despite the ups 
and downs. But the agency’s chair- 
man. Majid al- Majid, said, “our 
statistics indicate that government 
reserves were used to make up for 
the drop in oil revenues, and it is 
possible that part of the govern- 
ment's reserves were withdrawn in 
1984 to cover the deficiL as this is 
the only source of drfid {-financ- 
ing” used by the government 

In spile of the continuing under- 

spending. the local private sector 
and the hanks have begun to sense 
the aid of the slowdown, which 
was marked by big cuts in imports, 
and a lull in construction activity. 
Trade and construction account for 
two-thirds of local businessmen's 
interests and banks' domestic fi- 

Unlike other Gulf states that 
seized the opportunity of the oil 
boom to invest in infrastructure 
projects, Qataris power generation, 
desalination and telecommunica- 
tions services are lagging behind 
development needs. The Ai Wusail 
1,500- megawatt power and desali- 
nation plant, for which bidding and 
rebidding took place last year, fi- 
nally is taking off. Smaller con- 
struction projects, some of which 
have been rebid to cm the cost 
have improved the morale of con- 
tractors. Moreover, a long-awaited 
classification of the country’s more 
than 400 contractors is expected to 
improve the local firms’ chances of 
involvement in different projects. 

' Tbe most promising project of- 
fering relief from dependence on 
oil exports is the development of 
the huge natural gas reserves of the 
offshore North Field. With projects 
like the second phase of tbe univer- 

sity and tbe expansion of the air- 
port shelved, this projecL with an 
estimated cost of more than S 6 bil- 
lion spread over the next seven 

years, is likely to provide plenty of 

opportunities for local bankers and 
contractors. Although it remains 
unclear how the project will be fi- 
nanced, “the state could borrow 
from the local market . J think we 
will be consulted at one point,” Mr. 
Azzeh said. The private sector is 

looking for equipment-supplying 
contracts and construction work in 
the project involving the building 
of a liquefied natural ga< plant 
There are several signs that the 
development of the field is taking 
place on schedule and that con- 
tracts for the first phase of tbe 
project wflj be awarded soon. How- 
ever, some hurdles win have to be 
overcome in tbe course of ongoing 
talks on the LNG planL 

also fastest growing 

Marubeni Corp. and Mitsubishi 
Corp., beading a consortium 
grouping C. Itoh and Mitsi & Co., 
are negotiating with Qatar General 
on behalf of end-users in Japan. 
There are a few signs that Maru- 
beni stands a better chance of 
reaching a deal with Qatar General, 
although the proposal it has made 
was for a 73-percent participation 
in the company, while its competi- 
tors insist on 15 percent of Qaligas. 

Marubeni has proposed to ar- 
range for importing two million 

tons of LNG every two years start- 
ing from 1992, said Sheikh Rashed 
Owaidah aLThani, deputy manag- 
ing director of Qaiar General anaa 
member of the Qaligas board. Mar- 
ubeni exchanged letters of intcht 
with Qatar General last winter. 
“We would like to know more in 
detail about their marketing ar- 
rangments, the timing and tpe 
quantity," Sheikh Rashed said, 
adding that there wifi be follow- qp 
discussions with Marubeni 
He indicated Qatar General’s in- 
sistence on a marketing commit- 
ment, saying “we need a commit - 

meat A commitment is wftht 

we’re missing.'' Mitsubishi is reluc- 
tant to make a commitment, as its 

representative at the talks, Shighru 
Matsumura. pointed ouL “It is dif- 

ficult for us to make such a com- 
mitment now because of the length 
of the commitment and the market 
conditions,’' he said. Mr. Maistt- 
mora also said that the corporatitjn 
has suggested joining Qaligas first, 
then participating in arran g in g fi- 
nancing ana marketing for tbe pro- 



TOBY ODONE is a staff writer for the London-based Middle East 
Economic Digest. 

SARAH SEARIGHT is a London-based journalist who specializes 
in Middle East affairs. 

OLFAT TOHAMY, an Egyptian journalist who covers Middle 
Eastern affairs, contributes frequently to tbe International 
Herald Tribune and The Washington PosL 

ms j 

’ ■*.** v ^" ; • • 

■Jfe'Ci -: A v a * xri 

A’tv vis voa owe ficii/nrs 


QSar Sonora' Pcircleum Co (OG PC] 75 *. 

Nor» HuifO a 5 . Ncfway 25% 

Comole » Lownon Umm Said. 

Feed Slock . Natural gas 

Orragneo Urea 2000 Tons per Bay 

Capoemes : Ammonia 18OO Tons per day 






Urea <6% N 
Fertiliser Grade 

Qatar Fertiliser Company 
< S.A-Q.) 

P.O. Box 10001 Phone: 77Q2S2 

Umm Said -QATAR Telex: 4215 QAFCO DH 

Cable: QAFCO, 

Ex plore 

I f you're considering business 
in the Arab world, talk to The 
British Bank of the Middle East first. 

As part of the HongkongBank 
group, we have over a century's 
international banking experience in 
opening up new markets. 

Our Business Profiles on Arab 
countries, which come as a direct result 
of intimate market knowledge, are only 

one example of the many specialist 
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Today, with more than 1000 offices 
in 54 countries, concentrated in Asia, 
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G.P.O. Hong Kong, or any branch of 
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The British Bank 
of the Middle East 

Bahrain Djibouti India Jordan 3 
Lebanon Oman Qatar Switzerland =•- 
United Arab Emirates ? 

United Kingdom Yemen Arab Republic 


U*. Bnacfcv FilcM Umm. ISC CW». Mnrt. UrfM WIT IA\, Trt: * KM RrMyW M M,. S W] I Li T.fc •l-UI-U'l/t 

gv Toby o 

of h f oad rcec? 
d*® , fiehinc villas 

^ 0 . 000 . 

H>lt the ?*ach tb ■ 

k° s£ ‘ 

^ of the project 

trine bui for 
LT^njHv opumaiKu. 

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SS-rn^;. project, 

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The W 

LONDON — Posted 0 
ibeDohc offijc o? Wifiia 
A.s5tvui^. j v- S. arc 
firm. i> j v'lsior: ct Doh; 
The plan >ho 

fcoti 01 anc plazas 
oalkwro a new cr 
2ra of c:« • — accotn 
for ab>ut one- fifth of the 
3.000 riople. 

The x-ea :? known as 1 


Qatar G» 





THE 13 









. P OBox 

Cable- -TAM 

^ BRANi 






Page II 

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Builders Expecting 
More Projects in ’85 


By Toby Odone 

LONDON — Since the oil boom 
'of ihe 1970s Qatar has changed 
almost beyond recognition. Doha, 
once a Pishin g village, is now a 
modem capital and home to 98 
percent of Qatar's population or 

like other oil producers Qatar 
has felt the pinch as world oil de- 
mand has weakened in the last 
three years. The construction sec- 
tor has not escaped the spending 
cuts. But after 12 months of over- 
production in the oQ sector the 
slate's coffers are full again and 
there is a new reding of optimism. 
Just as after the slump in 1977 there 
is now expected to be an upturn in 
spending. But it will not be on the 
same scale as the post-1977 boom. 

Some of the projects that were 
delayed as far back as 1982 are now 
being bid for and contractors are 
reasonably optimistic that this Lime 
they will go ahead. The A1 Wusail 
power and desalination plant 40 
kilometers {24.7 miles) north of 
Doha was first bid in 1983. U was 
then a priority project expected to 
provide enough water and electric- 
ity for the expected growth demand 
'up to 1986. The fust job far the 
‘.Education Ministry’s new West 
Bay headquarters was awarded at 
he end of 1982 and completed 
midway through the following 
year. The project was then indefi- 
nitely postponed. 

Contractors were mildly encour- 
aged when the 1984-85 budget was 
announced in April 1984. It allo- 

cated 27 percent more capital 
spending than the previous year. Of 
ihe previous years capital spend- 
ing allocation' of 3.85 billion riyals 
(about S1J07 billion) only 70 per- 
cent was actually disbursed. Re- 
corded contract awards that year 
totaled 5269 million — more thnn 
60 percent up on the previous year. 

The decline in business activity is 
illustrated by port statistics for 
1984. The import of construction 
materials was down by 36 percent 
to 96.919 tons compared to the pre- 
vious year. 

Plant and machinery, iron and 
steel, manufactured goods, pipes 
and timber were also down by more 
than 30 percent on the previous 

Cement imports registered the 
largest fall of 80 percent to 38,180 
tons during 1984. Although the fig- 
ure is slightly misleading because it 
lakes no account of an increase in 
local sales, it is still a reasonable 
gauge of the lifelessness of the Qa- 
tar market. 

With such depressing indicators 
it is not surprising that people have 
been leaving tbe country in droves. 
Since 1981-82 most companies 
have cut their labor forces by be- 
tween 20 percent and 50 percent 
And in 1983 a net total of 82,000 
people left the country. Of these 
37,000 were Jordanians and Pales- 
tinians. 30,000 Syrians and 6,000 

Even the normally sacrosanct 
defense sector has provided rela- 
tively few opportunities for con- 

> a*gcrr-\r O*?. 

. ‘-'Xg.'* 

*J$ IP 5 fi 

** * “ ■£ s? •» .»• 
iv ^ ■ 

Goal W ffi l nyujIiL Anhn Umd 

Tbe new campus under construction at Qatar University. 

tractors. Since the local Midmac 
Contracting, in a joint venture with 
the Luxembourg-based U.S. com- 
pany Marwaid International won 
a contract to build shelters at Doha 
international airport in late 1984 
there have been few awards. Even- 
tually tbe hangers will be superced- 
ed by a new air-wing base designed 
by France's Sofreavia. No alloca- 
tion was made for the 555D-miUion 
job in the last budget bui there have 
been indications that the project 
will go ahead with financing Tram 
the Gulf Cooperation Council 
Contractor prequalification is 
now complete and ID companies 
are expected to be invited to bid 
when the go-ahead is given. 

The planned construction of three 
naval bases has been severely hurt 
by the government's austerity mea- 
sures. The base at Ras Abu A bond 
is going ahead with most of the 
contracts being awarded to local 
firms. But the bases at Ras Laffan 
and Zubara are given a remote 
chance of progressing this year, 
and the base at Ras Laffan may not 
go ahead at all because of the resil- 
ing of the liquefied natural gas 

The West Bay’s Slow Takeoff 

LONDON — Posted on a wall in 
the Dohh office of William Pereira 
# Associates, a Ui> architectural 
firm, is a vision of Doha’s future. 
The architect’s plan shows a net- 
work of villas and plazas linked by 
'walkways to a new commercial 
area of the dry — accommodation 
for about one-fifth of the country’s 
'250,000 people. 

1 The area is known as West Bay, 

at present dominated by the pyra- 
mid shape of the Sheraton hotel 
But most of the development will 
house about 50,000 Qataris who 
now live in ranch-like villas in the 
desert interior of Qatar or in the old 

Old Doha has developed in a 
rather haphazard way, spreading 
out from the coast in a series of 
rings. The idea behind West Bay is 


a partnership between 
Qatar General Petroleum Corporation 
and CDF Chtmie 


Project management: 

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Training of personnel: 

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(22NO FEB. 1985) 

COMPANY s.a.q. 



Weft Bay 

POBoxNo- 666, Doha-Qatar 
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Tel: 831555(10 tines) 


Doha Doha 

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Tel: 423052 Tel: 806371 


Riyadh. Saudi Arabia Deea.Dubal 

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T0tStt2OM79 QK5RBR SJ Telex: 46067 TAMIN EM- 

Tel: 4056610 Td: 224045 

to bring together Qalaris in one 
area, a reflection of the close-knit 
nature of Qatari society. 

A flexible system allows the indi- 
vidual Qatari to have a say in the 
type of house he wants. The Labor 
and Social Affairs Ministry First 
must certify that the applicant for a 
West Bay bouse is a Qatari. Then a 
plot of land is registered in his 
name and a design for the house is 
chosen with the assistance or 
McKee Associates, a U.S- consult- 
ing firm. For poorer Qataris, gov- 
ernment loans are available to help 
build a house. 

Richer families are able to buy 
land for compounds to house 
friends and relatives, reminiscent 
of the old tribal way of life. Pereira 
and appointed engineering consul- 
tants have taken charge of the in- 
frastructure needed for the devel- 
opment — provision of roads, 
water, dec tricity and drainage. 

Several bouses are finished and 
occupied — television antennas on 
lop of some of the buildings show 
that people have begun to settle in. 
But the drop in the government’s 
revenues has slowed down some 
aspects of the development, partic- 
ularly the construction of schools, 
shops, and tbe planned commercial 

Tbe Pereira masterplan allocates 
land for government buildings 
along the shoreline running from 
the Sheraton to ihe center of Doha. 
Behind these buildings, land has 
been set aside for commercial ven- 
tures and private offices. Taller 
buildings are being kept away from 
the residential area to preserve a 
sense of privacy. 

This pan of the West Bay project 
also has been delayed by budget 
cuts, temporarily leaving the Shera- 
ton isolated on the Doha skyline. 
However, the project to build a 
headquarters for the Education 
Ministry has been tendered, and a 
contract was awarded in 1984 for 
the headquarters of a local cement 
company. A post office and the 
headquarters for Qatar General Pe- 
troleum Corporation have been 

Local investors have been slow 
to set up private commercial ven- 
tures in the West Bay area, al- 
though several projecii, including 
one for building an ice rink and 
leisure center, are on the drawing 
board. One exception is the office 
block built by the local Sal am 
Group, which includes a supermar- 
ket popular among Doha residents. 
The group, which started out in 
1952 as a small film-processing 
shop in central Doha, hopes to re- 
coup its investments in West Bay 
over the next five years by letting 
out the offices and expanding its 
own business. 

The technical office of the emir 
lakes a fairly relaxed view of the 
slowness with which private Qa- 
laris have invested in West Bay. 
The office is keen to prevent pro- 
jects that have doubtful commer- 
cial viability from going ahead, and 
so a lengthy review process has 
been set up to assess development 

also has been set aside for 
a diplomatic quarter, sited around 
the coast from tbe Sheraton. Some 
diplomats have expressed reserva- 
tions about living grouped together 
in one area, saying it will further 
reduce tbeir contacts with the Qa- 
taris. but most recognize that they 
will have to make a move to West 
Bay. The Japanese and the Kuwaiti 
are among the few embassies al- 
ready moved. 

With the government's revenues 
vulnerable to the fluctuations of 
the oil market, the pace of develop- 
ment at West Bay is likely to vary' 
considerably over the years to 
2000. by when Pereira expects 
about 50.000 Qataris to be living 
there. Bv then a whole new town, 
with offices, shops, schools and 
other amenities- should have been 
creat ed 


plant, which it was primarily de- 
signed to protect. 

Projections on power needs 
made in 1981 suggested that Qatar 
would require a new' power station 
to cope with expected peak de- 
mand oT 1,190 megawatts in 1986. 
One positive byproduct of the re- 
cession and Unpopular exodus has 
been a decline in the growth of 
power and water needs, enabling 
the government to delay spending 
until better times. 

The A1 Wusail complex with four 
150-megawatt steam turbo genera- 
tors and eight water distillers each 
with a capacity of 22,500 cubic me- 
ters a day was designed to take up 
the shortfall. After the first round 
of bidding in September 1983 a site 
investigation and hydraulic survey 
contract was awarded to the Unit- 
ed Kingdom’s Wimpey Laborato- 
ries. Since that job was completed 
in mid-] 984 the rest of the project 
has been re tendered twice. Each 
time prices hare been reduced by at 
least 10 percent and in some cases 
by as much as 30 percent. While 
contractors complain about the 
process their compliance ensures 
its continuity. 

Despite the price reductions it is 
still not certain that ihe project will 
go ahead. The 1985/86 budget to 
be announced in April may provide 
the answers. 

Another project revitalized in 
1984 was the $55-million head- 

quarters of tbe Education Ministry 
to be located in the West Bay. 

The initial piling contract was 
completed by the local JBK Stent 
in mid-19S3. The project was then 
postponed. Bui at the end of 1984 
bids were invited Tor the contract. 
About 20 companies are expected 
to submit offers by the March 17 
deadline. Whether it goes ahead in 
1985 depends on the forthcoming 

While the days of the megapro- 
jects are almost over (here is still 
plenty of work for small contrac- 
tors. The squeeze in the last few 
years has caused them to diminish 

in numbers. Those that are left are 
reaping the rewards of survival. 

To ensure some security for local 
firms a committee chaired by the 
Civil Engineering Department's di- 
rector, Rashid al-Mannai. has 
drawn up a contractor classifica- 
tion program. This restricts the 
type of job each firm can bid for. 
The system is being reviewed by the 
committee in consultation with 
companies before it is implement- 

Sewage, road building, school 
building and private-sector con- 
struction still provide work for the 
local construction industry. Activi- 
ty is now at a low ebb but contrac- 
tors and diems are a little more 
confident than they were a year 

Agri Projects International Ltd, AGIP. Allied Chemical International. 
Almo Electronics Corp. American Express. Arcon Building Exports Ltd. 
Asbestos Cement Ltd. Audi. Awal Products Co (W.L.L). Ayala. Band - It 
International Inc. Barnite Barduct Ltd. Berger. Jenson & Nicholson Ltd. 
Benson Ploccers. BKW - Middle East. Black & Decker (Overseas) AC. BRC 
Weldmesh (Gulf) Ltd. British SIssal Kraft Ltd. Bruel & KJear. Builders 
International (India), Building Specialists Overseas Ltd. Buiscar B.V.C 
Ltd.B. V.Nederlandsche Email Fabriek. Cannon Industries Ltd. Casa Inter- 
national, Chemetron Cor. Chloride International Marketing. Christoph 
Palme & Co. Consolidated Pneumatic Tool Co. Cos Made In Italy. C.P.T 
(India) Ltd. Crawley (Refrigeration) Ltd. Crittal Construction Ltd. 
Crlttal Windows Ltd- Daniel Platt Ltd. Danspital Ltd. Deko Loft & Vaeg. 
Delta Index Ltd. Decca Marine Radar. Die bold Inc. Disa Electron! It. 
Dunlop Belting Group. Dunlop Ltd. Dynapak Eichoff-Weke Gsnbh. 
Electronic Precision Instruments Metallindustle. Expanded 

Metal Co (Export) Ltd. ExzM&te ■td.Wj^^^- Frederick Parker Ltd. 
Friedrich Airconditioning gM e G£ C Medical Equipment 
Co. Henke Kaschinenfabrix xu. ^Hoover^xtd. Ibdtock Overseas t . 
IMI Sant on Ltd. Ing. C. Olivetti & spa. Integral Engineering. Iris 
Ceramics. Isofoam. ITT Instruments. Iwai Ceramics Co Ltd. James 
Ltd. John Lysaght (SEA) Singapore. Josiah Parks & Sons Ltd. 
International Inc. Knoll International. Kohler International. 
Liebherr. Lindner. L.M. Ericsson Telematerial. Lyte 
Ltd. Mirrlees Blackstone (Stockport) Ltd. Mitsui 6 Go Ltd 
(F.E) Pte Ltd- NE1 Clarke Chapman Cranes. N.V Philips 

Kings on 
Lansing Ltd 
Morphy-Ri chard s 

Gloellampenfabrlkwn. Orient General Industries Ltd. Ormonde Ashton 
Ltd. Otis ElevatOT Co. Peris Andreu S.A. Philips Consultants Ltd. 
Phoenix Eng Co. Ltd. Pilkington Bros PLC. Pirelli Ceneral Cable. Projel 
Projections. Porsche- Qualcast Fleetway Ltd. Racal Milgo 
Fastners. Remington Consumer <54 6,- 
Products . Sarla Int Inc. S 

Electronic. SRA 
Appliances. Trane 
S.A. Worthington 
House . 

Ai rcoriS 
Inc . X 

Racal Milgo. Ramset 
Liferafts. Ruberoid Building 
Slmonsen 6 Weel. Snef 
uments. Thorn Domestic 
es. Volkswagen. 

Imperial Metals. 

Vi rax 


P.O. Box 350 DOHA 
Tel 422781 

Telex 4298 TRADAR DH 


is now the largest GEMCO Division having undertaken a five year 
government contract. GEMCO Livestock is now responsible tor the 
importing of Australian livestock, control and management of the 
Qatar Abator, and the supply of fresti meat to the markets which 
supply ihe whole country. 


A major company m Qatar, qualified to deal in the design, installation 
and maintenance of building services. As agents for Singer Climate 
Control Division and Dunham bush, combined with a highly trained 
engineering staff GEMCO have in fifteen years of operations 
completed and maintained major contracts m some of me largest 
buffdlng projects ti Qatar. 


Alter 25 yaare of tracing the present company acts as agents for a 
wide range of international companies. From the United States OH 
Cofpn.u Modem Catering Systems Ltd. apannmg large sectors of 
the business and industrial markets. 

With such capacity GEMCO Trading participates*! major government 
projects as both consultants and suppkers. 


As agents and maintenance engineers to* O & K excavators. Knipp 
hydraulic hammers and many others. The heavy equipment division 
supplies and maintains the Qatar Construction Industry with afl its 
equipment requirements. 


Managed for over 1 7 years by the MatarChamlcaf Group with bases 
all over the Middle East, we not onfy provide our industrial chants with 
bulk orders of chemicals, we also provide a pesl control service tor 
the ordinary household and act *> chemical consultation, formulation 
and application. 


Civil Engineers and Construction. Major contracts to Ihe government, 
m housing and public buildings 


Esi 1 969 deals m research and consultancy work for Ihe health 
centres m Qatar, also supplies high quality laboratory and audio visual 
equipment to the Government Health Care System 


Founded in 1 979 and now caters for over 25.000 customers a year 
m all their hofiday and travel requirements. AI Obetdfy Travel acted 
as the man travel agent for the 1984 Qatar Olympic Team 


RetaH store in the heart of Doha spedalsing ki household equipment 
horn can openers to adoring equipment 



The leading private company m civil engineering and construction as 
well as pee laying and explosive excavation. Major contracts for a 
lake away sewage system and expansion ot the sea arm base have 
recently been compleied. 75% ot ail Qatai s explosive excavation 
contracts have been awarded to ATLAS. 


As class A roads contractors, with full equ®meni supplies, a v>& nova 
Mmac plant producing 90 ions per hour and a concrete forming plait 
means that AI Obeidty Contracting can take on major government 
contracts m the extensive road construction plans tor Qatar. 


A leafing construction contractor tn Qatar since 1975 Such projects 
as QAPCO s low density polyethylene plant, two government 
seccmdary schools, and a recreational centre tor 220 famfy units nave 
recently been completed 


Specialists in mienor completions, and agents for international 
companies dealing m flooring surfaces, partitions, roofing materials, 
interior ptpmg and suspended ceiling manulacturers and fitters 


Mr. Ahmed Saleh Ai Obeidly 

. . n Miiiiii m 

■J‘ I 


AI O fa ekPy International Trading 4 Contracting Organisation 
P.O. Box 1S7. Doha. Qatar. Telephone: <33268. Tate. 4273 DH 
Ai Oberdtv Contractng Company 

P o Scu 5i 54 Duna. Qaiar Tetepnone M3fl» TeJp< 4M9A5HBDH 
01 Obeidfy & Gun Etemrt Trading Company 

PO Bo» '965 Dona Qatar Telephone 4}7ti i Tele* 476* OSETCODH 
AI Obckfly Tradmg TECHNOLOGY Divisuoa 
P O Bo* 5549 Doha Oaia> Telephone 3?tJ3i 3TI4X 1 
Teie* jwi ROMAN DH 
AI Obeidly Travel. 

P 0 Bo* \ 57 Dona Qaiar Telephone Tde* J273ASEMDH 

W in M flPMlTradfcB Engineering 6 Decoration 

P.O. Boor 40*4. Doha, Qatar. Telephone. 420711,. Telex: 4550 MTER OH 

ATLAS. The Arabian Architectural a Construction Cemp*hY- 

P O Bo* 2206 Dona Qatar Telephone 323805 Tele* 4355 CENTRE DM 

DhuHcO Contracting 6 Trading. 

P.O Bo« 4448 Doha Qatar Telephone 4332 7 1 TeW* ^rjciBUiL Dh 
GEMCO Ctiemloda a Pest Control 

P O Box B460 DOha. Qatar Telephone 43)009 Tele* *808 MAC GOOD* 
GEMCO Engineering OMaton. 

P O Bo* 157 Doha. Qatar Telephone 433266 Tele* <273 DH 
GEMCO Group of CompaAM. 

P O Box 1 57 Dona. Qatar Telephone 433268 Tekw <273DH 


P.O. Box 157. Doha. Qatar. Telephone: 413688 Telex: 4273 DH 
GEMCO Heavy Equipment Division. 

P O Bee 157 Doha. Qatar Telechcne B6126< T**, 41064SEMDH 
GEMCO Trading. 

P O Bo. ' 57 Doha. Oatar Telephone 433268 T«e» 4J73QH 

K harms Ahmed Obekfty & Sons. 

Telephone 422118 
thomassen - GEMCO. 

P 0 Bo» 1 57 Doha Qatar Teietxxw 433268 Tele* <273AS£MDH 
Pwroland Trading Company, 
fefephone 4221 10 


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Statistics Index 

71 |k • g 

iicral&^&fc* (tribune 

amcx prlea P.lfl Eamkm r*parti P-~ 
AMEX tdgtni/toMP.M FHna mu now P.lg 
NYSE Brian P.14 'CaM nWM p.13 
NYSE bWnrttw n p.H Inters* rales P.Q 
Canadian sMCts P JO Marital summary 
Carrvnar rotas P.13 CMlens P.M 

Cnm mo dWos P.M OTC dock P.17 
DhriCttnas P.IA Other martwts PJO 


U.S. Stocks 
Report, Page 14. 

FEBRUARY 22, 1985 


Page 13 


Eastman Kodak Creates 
Desk-Top Blood Analyzer 


New York Tima Service 

N EW YORK — Anyone who has undergone a battery 
of blood tests knows how unpleasant the experience 
can be. For one thing, it can be painful. For another, 
mix-ups sometimes occur when samples are sent to 
laboratories. And patients often wait days for results. Now, 
scientists at Eastman Kodak Co. have created a device that may 
ease some of these problems. 

They have come up with a desk-top blood analyzer. This new 
machine, which costs around 57,000 and is about the size of a 
typewriter, enables a doctor to analyze blood in his own office in 
minutes. And since the new device requires only a drop of blood 
from a patient’s Anger, it ; 

Tbe machine uses 
a technology almost 
identical to Kodak’s 
instant photography. 

could alleviate what for many 
people is the hardest part 
about giving blood — having a 
needle stuck into a vein. 

“What we're talking about 
is getting results on six or sev- 
en blood tests within 15 min . 
uics of drawing a blood sam- 
ple," said Michael C. 

Saunders, the general manager of marketing for the new blood 
analyzer, called the Kodak Ekiachem DT60. 

For years, doctors have been able to analyze blood in their 
offices. They typically did this by combining blood samples with 
chemicals they would mix up in large batches. They then would 
analyze the results by comparing the color of the solution with 
that or blood associated wiib various body conditions. The whole 
process, however, was considered messy, time consuming and 
inexact. As a result, most doctors long ago began sending blood 
samples oat to private laboratories. 

N OW Kodak is trying to bring blood analysis back to the 
doctor’s office. It says its desk-top blood analyzer is 
highly accurate, and can perform most blood tests a 
doctor would require, including tests for excessive sugar, choles- 
terol or potassium. Most importantly, Kodak says its new device 
is bungle-proof and easy to use, even by a medical technologist 
with no t raining in the field of blood analysis. 

The machine uses a technology almost identical to Kodak’s 
instant photography. The company uses plastic slide frames, 
inside of which are postage-stamp-sized pieces of photographic 
film. Tbe film, in turn, has been coated with dried wwKr.*i 
chemicals — much like instant photography film is coated with 
photographic chemicals. 

To analyze blood, a physician inserts a coated slide into an 
opening in the Flrtachem machine. Then, using an eyedropper, 
the physician places a small amount of a blood sample onto the 
slide through a hole in the top of die machine. 

That sets off a chemical reaction. Much like a ray of light 
causes the chemicals on instant-photography paper to begin 
creating an imag e: the blood cm tbe slide causes the chemicals to 
change color. The slide moves along a tiny conveyor belt to as 
“incubator** area, where the chemical reaction is completed 
From there, light-se nsing devices read the color of the spent 
chemicals, and a tiny computer in the machine converts the 
reading to paper. The physician ends up with a printout of the 
machine's findings that resembles a long cash-register receipt. 

“Basically, all erf the chemicals — and all of the quality control 
— are encapsulated right in that stide,” Mr. Saunders said 
Kodak hemes to sell the new machine to indrvidnal practitio- 
ners and smaller medical offices — those with 14 or fewer doctors 
who most often woric noth outside blood labs. In addition to 
giving them quicker test results than they could get from a lab, 
Mr. Saunders says, the miniature blood machine should also yield 
big profits for doctors. The slides cost about $1.50, and doctors 
charge around $15 per test, he notes. That should enable physi- 
cians to quickly recoup the machine’s $7,000 price tag, he 

To Head 

Economic Panel 
To Be Revived 

The Associated Pros 

WASHINGTON — President 
Ronald Reagan nominated Trea- 
sury Undersecretary Beryl Sprinkel 
on Thursday to head the Council of 
Economic Advisers, a panel he 
once considered abolishing. 

The While House spokesman. 

Currency Rates 


Larry M. Speakes, said Mr. Reagan 
would quickly fill two other vacan- 
cies on the panel and increase its 
professional staff in an effort to 
revitalize it 

“The president wishes to get the 
CEA at full strength in order that 
be can rely on them through cabi- 
net councils and through other spe- 
cial economic groups." be said. 

Mr. Sprinkel, 61, would succeed 
Martin S. Feldstein, who resigned 
last July to return to leaching at 
Harvard University. The Senate 
must confirm the choice. 

At the Treasury Department, 
Mr. Sprinkel has been responsible 
for formulating and implementing 
U.S. international monetary policy, 
overseeing Treasury involvement 
with international lending institu- 
tions. financing and manag in g the 
federal debt, and coordinating the 
administration's relationship with 
the Federal Reserve Board. 

Despite talk of strengthening the 
council, Mr. Speakes made clear 
that Treasury Secretary James A 
Baker 3d would be Mr. Reagan’s 
chief economic spokesman. 

Mr. Speakes also said that Trea- 
sury officials indicated they 
planned to “reconfigure" Mr. 
SprinkeTs post at Treasury. 

The departure of Mr. Feldstein, 
who often angered fellow White 
House officials with warnings 
about the negative effects of federal 
budget deficits, left William A 
Niskanen Jr. as the remaining 
member on the three-person panel 

William Poole, another council 
member, returned to Brown Uni- 
versity earlier this year. 

Mr. Niskanen, who has bben act- 
ing as chairman, but without the 
title, previously said he would leave 
if he was not appointed chairman. 

Tbe stature of the economic ad- 
visory P and has withered during 
the Reagan administration. 

“It had really fallen into disuse," 
Mr. Speakes acknowJedgcd- 

But in January, the president ap- 
parently decided to retain the 
council after senior aides had rec- 
ommended that it not be scrapped. 

The Foundation for Growth: Hughe* Aircraft Company 


m billions of dollars 

Low Long TamiDaM 

q in million* of (Mart 



HMKfty Backlog 
in sUBona of dollar* 

Si 5 

1078 1050 1891 1063 10891004 

T079 1000 1001 100110031004 

1070 1000 1001 70 021003 1004 

Tha Nsw York line* 

What Price for Hughes Aircraft Co.? 
Some Recent Setbacks Muddy Issue 

By Thomas C Hayes 

New York Tuna Service 

LOS ANGELES — When the Pentagon halted 
payments to Hughes Aircraft Co. on several of its 
faltering missile and radar programs last summer, 
Hughes suffered a jolt to its reputation as a top- 
notch military supplier. 

The financial impact was jarring, too; Hughes 
Aircraft’s sales for 1984 were fiat Instead of the 
20-percent sales gain many analysts were expect- 
ing, the huge aerospace company failed to improve 
on I983's $4.9 billion, according to figures ob- 
tained from the company last week. 

Moreover, its earnings were pared “a lot," Don- 
ald H. White, president of Hughes, said, although 
be declined to be spedfic. 

Costs piled up during the six months it took to 
put missile and radar production back on track. 

These setbacks come at an awkward time for the 
company that built the lunar landing module: 
Hughes Aircraft, the second-largest privately 
owned U.S. company, is on the auction block. 

Despite its recent troubles, aerospace analysts 

and company insiders agree that Hughes may 
attract bids of $5 billion or more. 

A price above the $5.1 billion paid for Southern 
Pacific Co. by Santa Fe Industries last year would 
mepn the biggest acquisition ever made outside the 
oil industry, according to W.T. Grimm & Co„ a 
research concern. 

Such a sum would also give Hughes Aircraft's 
present owner, the Howard Hughes Medical Insti- 
tute of Miami, the potential for the largest divers- 
fied endowment of any charitable entity. It would 
exceed tbe endowment of the Ford Foundation, 
which stood at 53.5 billion last year. 

General Motors Corp„ General Electric Co. and 
Boeing Co. are tbe most likely bidders for Hughes, 
according to analysts. 

All are rich with cash and large enough to pay 
the price. All three companies declined to say if 
they are looking at Hughes. 

Morgan Stanley & Co., the investment h anker 
hired by the medical institute’s trustees to manage 
the sale, has not yet reported to them on any 
(Gontinoed on Rage 19, Col 7) 

Chevron Plans 
Sale of Italy Unit 

Japan Is Cautious on U.S. Auto Move 

United Press International 

TOKYO — Japanese officials re- 
acted cautiously Thursday to re- 
ports that tbe Reagan administra- 
tion will allow the expiration erf 
“voluntary" restraints Hmi ting Jap- 
anese auto exports to the United 

Tbe reports prompted few public 
comments as Japanese government 
officials prepared for the end of the 
quota program while hoping to 
forestall U-S. protectionist pres- 
sures or demands for trade conces- 
sions in other areas. 

“We will handle this matter very 
carefully, but our position has noL 
been decided," said one official of 
the Ministry of International Trade 
and Industry. The move comes as 
Japanese government officials are 
facing renewed U.S. pressure for 
trade concessions after a UJSL- Ja- 
pan trade deficit last year of $34 

Spokesmen for Japan’s major 
automakers also deferred official 
comment pending formal an- 
nouncements from Washington, al- 
though some company officials re- 
stated the industry position that 
tbe quotas are no longer needed. 

One industry source said that the 
trade ministry had begun surveying 
Japanese automakers on future ex- 
port intentions and had discussed 
methods of containing an auto ex- 
port surge that could trigger a pro- 
tectionist baddasb. 

Reports from Washington 
Wednesday said President Ronald 

Reagan’s Cabinet Council on Com- 
mence and Trade agreed that the 
decision to extend the export quo- 
tas for a fifth year should be left to 
the Japanese. The recommendation 
was described as a tacit decision to 
allow the export curbs to lapse on 
March 31. 

■ Exports Sees Rising 
Trade Representative William E. 
Brock told the Joint Economic 
Committee on Wednesday that Ja- 
pan's auto exports to the United 
States would nse by 750,000 cars a 
year if quotas are tif ted, The Wash- 
ington Post reported. 

Unued Press International 

Corp. said Thursday it is dose to 
concluding the sale or its Italian 
refining and marketing operations 
to First Arabian Corp., largely con- 
trolled by Saudi Arabian and Ku- 
waiti businessmen. 

Tbe sale would accelerate a trend 
in which the major UA-based od 
companies have either dosed or 
sold their downstream refining and 
marketing operations to Middle 
Eastern interests. 

Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and other 
Middle East members of the Orga- 
nization of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries have been buflaing up 
their refuting capacity to export pe- 
troleum products to the West in a 
bid to offset a sharp decline in 
crude oil sales. 

Tbe San Francsisco-based Chev- 
ron said basic agreement bad been 
reached with First Arabian on the 
sale of its Chevron Oil Italians in- 
terests in two refineries, a tube oil 
blending plant, and approximately 
1,700 service stations in Italy. 
Terms were not disclosed. 

First Arabian, a Luxembourg- 
based banking and investment con- 
cern founded in 1974, acquired 
Standard Oil of Indiana's Italian 
refining and marketing operations 
for $275 million in 1983. 

A sale by Chevron would follow 
a decision earlier this month by the 
U.S. Interior Department to re- 
verse a two-year-old ruling by the 
former Secretary, James G. Watt, 
that would make Kuwait eligible to 
acquire mineral leases on federal 

In recent years Texaco Inc, Gulf 
Oil Corp. and other major U.S. oil 
companies have sold their Europe- 
an refining and marketing opera- 

Chevron already has withdraws 
from refining and marketing activi- 
ties in northwest Europe and Gulf 
sold its operations in Northwest 
Europe and Italy to Kuwait Petro- 
leum Corn, in 1983 and 1984. 

Roger E. Tamraz is chairman of 
First Arabian, whose shareholders 
are mostly influential Saudi and 
Kuwait businessmen, according to 
David Mizrahi, editor of the New 
York-based Mideast Report news- 

letter. Abdul Hadi Taher. the head 
of the Saudi state-owned til com- 

? any Petrotnin, is a stockholder in 
irst Arabian’s subsidiary, Arabi- 
'an Seaoil Co. 

First Arabian was unsuccessful 
however, in attempts to buy the 
Commouweath Oil refinery in 
Puerto Rico and the Come-by- 
Chance refinery in Newfoundland. 

Chevron said the agreement now 
being finalized calls for First Ara- 
bian to accept full responsibility 
for all Chevron Oil Ftaliana em- 
ployees on the payroll on the dare 
of sale “in existing or comparable 
positions" and to retain the compa- 
ny's headquarters in Rome. 

Chevron Oil Italians has a 24- 
percent interest in the 215,000 bar- 
rel -a-day Sarpom refinery near Mi- 
lan, a 22-percem stake in an 87,500 
barrel -a-day refinery in Rome, a 
100-percent ownership in a lube oil 
blending plant in Savona and 
about 1,700 service stations. 

Toshiba PUms 
French Venture 


PARIS — Toshiba Corp.. the 
Japanese electronics group, said 
it would introduce two new 
IBM-compatible personal com- 
puters in France in a bid to 
weaken UK domination of tbe 

Claude SkalK, director of To- 
shiba Informatique France, - 
said in a statement the group 

cent J& marketwitb the tw 
new models, Papman and Fap- 
C. “The French market repre- 
sents 120,000 computers and 
has an annual growth race of 45 
percent It is dominated at the 
moment by American manufac- 
turers," Mr. SkalH said. 

In Tokyo. Toshiba said 
Thursday it planned to spend 
20 billion yen ($76.7 bflHoii) 
setting up a new 14-story elec- 
tronic-engineering center in 
Kawasaki, where most -of its 
laboratories are located, to im- 
prove semiconductor design. 

Lota interbank rates on Feb. 21 , excfcding fees. 

Official fisangsfor Amsterdam, Brussels, Frankfurt, Mian, Paris. New York rates at 
4 P.M. 


Amsterdam 3jras 
Brussels tal <7X775 
Frankfort UK 
LWSmM 14823 
Man 207150 - — 

Ports 10246 

Tokyo 26LS0 

Zorich 20245 

l ECU 
1 SDR 





















■ — 


1412 8 


























1533 * 




1273 * 





















Dollar Values 

Smrtv. USJ 



Ml 40 HdamaBn-fraac 6761 

07299 GamfiaaS U7 

SOSO DanlskkroM u* 

01444 Ffcmhb naridai 602S 

00074 Ohm* drachma 13520 

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13426 *14106 y 
23305 25J35* 
1T849 *13B0S * 
31059 2832) 
73520 7255 

2027 26127 


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10783 173016 
07038 23031B 


ewtv. uos 

04436 ShmnS 22545 
04945 S. Atria* rate 24222 
IU012 LKawM 84075 
00054 SMAMtfs 18520 
0.1061 Sm*. Kroon 0421 
00255 TKtmaS 3922 
00357 TUboB 20045 
02732 (IA£.*MNin 16729 

Key Hunt Brothers Unit 
Reports Losses, Defaults 


I CgnmwnM fro* UD Amounts needed to Bov on* sound Id Amounts Mated to buy ora Hollar CJ 
Ns of IDO lx) Units of un Iv I Units aMUN 

ureau’smtm do Benelux (Brussels); Banco CommercMe Mottono (MBon); Chemical 
n* (Mew York}; Burtooe Nattonate do Paris iParMi I MF ISDR}f_ Bantnm Ant » el 
tamattanatt tfliMMflmmtat (dinar, rival dirham). Other data team Roofers and A P. 

Interest Rates 


Eurocurrency Deposits 

Feb. 21 


Dollar DAWK Franc 

ML t%.|9, 536 -5U Sffc-5*. 

2M. 9 ■ 9ft 5* • 6 549 - 5=4 

3M. 9V. -949 6fe-6ft 5* - 5W 

6M. 946-949 649 - 6ft 5 - 5 *. 

1Y. 1099- 1099 6ft - 6» S* - S»i 

Stuffing Franc ECU SDR 

14U - MU 1049 - 70 49 99k - IB 899 - 899 
V4I9- 1499 1M9- 10 49 10 - 10ft 814-046 
1399- 13 49 1009- 1119 10 ft- W ft 8ft - 0% 
1399- 1319 1119 • 11 ft 10 99- 1099 099 - 419 
1299-1246 1119- 1149 10 - 1019 919 -9ft 

Ratos applicable to interbank deposits ot SI million minimum loreaulvalent). 

Sources: Morgan Guaranty 1 dollar ; DM. SF. Pound. FFI; Uovdx Bonk (ECU): Otttxmk 

Asian Dollar Rates 


WASHINGTON — Hunt Inter- 
national Resources Corp., a key 
piece in tbe financial empire of 
Nelson Bunker Hunt and W. Her- 
bert Hunt of DaQas, is in deterio- 
rating condition, according to the 
company's annual report filed 
Thursday with Lhe Securities and 
Exchange Commission. 

For the three years ending Sept. 
30, 1984, the company lost more 
than $210 million and had a work- 
ing-capital deficit of $291 million, 
according to the filing. The Hunts, 
whose combined personal fortune 
has been estimated at more than $2 
billion, operate through a dosely- 
held international finan cial net- 
work comprising more than ISO 

The company said that as of 
Sept. 30, it was in default on debts 
totaling approximately $295 mil- 
lion. It added that it did not expect 
cash flow from operations to be 
sufficient to service or repay that 
debt as it is presently structured. 

Hunt International sold that it 
was in default under “most" of the 
debt agreements entered into by 
the company and its subsidiaries 
and that it was setting assets io help 
deal with its difficulties. 

Tbe Dallas-based sugar refining 
firm is not publicly traded. Its 
stock is privately held by Planet 
Investment Corp., whose stock in 
turn is pledged to the Hunt broth- 
ers to secure payment of a promis- 
sory note purchased by the Hunts 
from Manufacturers Hanover 
Trust Co. in 1984. 

The company said that its debt 
situation is comp Healed by a filing 
under Chapter 7 of the UJ3. Bank- 
ruptcy Code by four of its subsid- 
iaries' Chapter 7 provides for liqui- 
dation of the filing companies. 

The company said that it and the 
subsidiaries also were tbe target of 
several lawsuits during 1984 alleg- 
ing default on outside debt and 
other financial and legal questions. 

Hunt International said it is 
owed $37.9 million by its parent 
company. Planet Investment 


statements because of tbe uncer- 
tainty surrounding the payment of 
that obligation as well as other un- 
certainties surrounding the compa- 
ny’s future finances. 

The Hunt brothers have previ- 
ously maintained that they are not 
legally liable far the S 37 3 million 
owed by Planet. 

Feb. 19 

Source: Pouters. 

I mot 
349 -9 

3 mot. 
9 -9V4l 


9ft -9ft 

10 -lOVb 

Key Money Rates 

United Stales 


Discount Rata « 8 

Fedora Funds 8 11/16 Bft 

Prime Rtf* IBM 10ft 

Broker Loon Roto 9V«-*ft W* 

Comm. Paper, 30-179 d Bn 8*5 840 

*mo«m Treasury Bills BM 803 

frmontti Treasury Bills 848 834 

CD's 30-59 bays 8475 804 

CD'S 60-89 days 834 822 

West Germany 

Lombard Rato 900 600. 

Owemioht Rate 5JS £50 

On* Month Interbank £65 US 

3-monHi Interbank £10 £t0 

6-manm Interbank 640 640 


intertwtNM Rote ion 10W 

CoU Money 10W 10* 

OfMMneotii Interbank 1049 10W 

3-nwntti Interbank 10W 1099 

►month interbank W 7/16 1DW 


Bonk Bose Rate 
Coil Money 
Vl-dav Treasury Bill 
3-month interbank 

dose Prav. 

U.S. Economic Growth News 
Drives Dollar Up Sharply 









Discount Rote 
CoU Money 
60-day Interbank 

J 5 

6ft 6 

Oft 6 7/16 

Gold Prices 


United Press International 

NEW YORK —The US. dollar 
rose to new heights Thursday, pro- 
pelled by news of unexpected 
growth in the American economy 
in fourth quarter of 1984. Gold fell 
below the $300-leveL 
The dollar strengthened on the 

A 4 L 






— 040 

301 M 


- 140 



— £60 



- 345 



— 440 

Semes: (tauten, e a wu iw ab anfc Cnkttt Ur- 
annois. Uoytts Bank. Balk o! Tokyo. 

Mono Kane 

Paris (OS kilo) 

Now York 

Official fixities kr London, Parts ate umm- 
bowe. opening and On Ins erta* for Hone Kono 
end Zurich. New York ComW current contract. 
All prices In U£J* eer ounce 
Source: Reutem 

Markets Closed 

All markets were dosed Thursday in Hong Kong; Singapore, Malaysia 
and Taiwan because of the Chinese New Year holiday. 

U.S. currency dealers said that it 
was driven sharply higher after an 
upwardly revised gross national 
product growth rate of 4.9 percent 
was released Thursday morning. 

“The GNP was much stronger 
than many expected and that gave 
a huge boost to the dollar." a New 
York bank dealer said. 

The dollar also hit 13-year highs 
against the Deutsch mark. The Ca- 
nadian dollar dipped briefly below 
73 cents before recovering. 

“Much of the demand for the 
dollar is real to meet corporate 
needs, and that makes intervention 
by central banks much less effec- 

tive," said case New York dealer. 

Nevertheless, dealers said the 
market is becoming increasingly 
nervous as the dollar breaches new 
heights and the adverse psychologi- 
cal and economic impact on other 
countries becomes more pro- 

In London, the pound closed at 
$1.0823, down from $1.0870 on 
Wednesday. In Frankfurt, the dol- 
lar ended at 3.348 DM, up from 
3J3232 previously, while in Paris, 
the dollar ended ax 10.246 French 
francs, up from 10.1625 francs. 

In Tokyo, the U5. currency end- 
ed at 261 JO yen, up from 260.975 
yen earlier. 

Late dollar rates in New York, 
compared with tale rates Wednes- 
day: 3J555 Deutsche marks, up 
from 3.3302; 10.2675 French 
Francs, up from 10.177, and 261.37 
Japanese yen, up from 261.00. The 
pound slipped to 51.085 from 
SI. 087. 

For the man with exceptional goals, 
a new dimension in banking services. 

W ’hat makes Trade Develop- 
ment Bank exceptional ? 
To start with, there is our 
policy of concentrating on 
things we do unusually well. 
For example, trade and export 
financing, foreign exchange 
and banknotes, money market 
transactions and precious 

Equally important, we are 
now even better placed to 
serve your needs, wherever 
you do business. Reason : 

We have recently joined 
American Express International 

Banking Corporation, with its 
89 offices in 39 countries, to 
bring you a whole new dimen- 
sion in banking services. 

While we move fast in 
serving our clients, we’re dis- 
tinctly traditionalist in our 
basic policies. At the heart of 
our business is the maintenance 
of a strong and diversified 
deposit base. Our portfolio of 
assets is also weil-ai versified, 
and it is a point of principle 
with us to keep a conservative 
ratio of capital to deposits and 
a high degree of liquidity— 

sensible strategies in these un- 
certain times. 

If TDB sounds like the 
sort of bank you would 
entrust with your business, 
get in touch with us. 

TDB banks in Geneva, London, 
Paris. Luxembourg, Chiasso, Monte 
Carlo. Nassau, Zurich. 

TDB is a member of American 
Express Company which has 
assets of US$ 62 £ billion and 
shareholders' equity of 
US$ 44 billion. 

Hade Development Bank 

Show n at left, the head office 
of Trade Development Bank, Geneva. 

An American Express Company 

Page 14 




TZM 1 

QMB HlflO 


LMl COM 1 


12ML37 1287.10 

127X64 1278 A*— 4flf I 


032T8 03422 


427 J7— XX 


150. IB 151.11 


14848— 051 


52360 52022 


522.13— 261 

NYSE Index 

High Low Close CVm 






10L87 1BU7 10451 —060 
13067 1302 12027-064 
I0ZJB 19165 19168-12 
5183 532 KL73 —02 
109.93 109-34 10963— 

NYSE Diaries 








AMEX Diaries 

NASDAQ index 

Total issues 
Hew HMs 
New Lows 
volume up 
Volume down 

CJese Pro*. 
304 302 

354 2S4 

243 1*6 

AS 803 

35 36 

4 1 









t 01*04 Ago 
1—02 20&35 
i — 064 3112 
I-OjOS 13236 
I —064 3256« 
1 tO» U768 
I —MU 25166 
I -005 266,97 

Total lames 
New Hlglts 
New Laws 
Volume up 
Volume down 

Ctoe nm. 

509 a 
1040 772 

485 426 

3034 2024 

*8 "5 



Odd-Lot Trading In N.Y. 

Feb. u ~ 
‘Included In the: 

Bev Sola 
201632 509236 

Vri.flHP.M- . 1BO2S606 

Prtf.4PJA.90L 11U1MN 

Prof CMQoGdaM close 341379656 

Standard & Poor's Index 

201690 S&347 
185682 482618 
22&7W 409449 
211732 533647 
s figures 

Tables include the nationwide prices 
up fa the dosing on Wall Street and 
do not reflect lute trades elsewhere. 






High Law CUM CB'se 
202.16 20068 201.0 — 1JD 
16222 13968 140S4 —2.16 
7X06 7851 7862—0123 
21. IB 2009 20.94 —02* 
181. IB I8Q22 150.19 -0.99 

I Dow Jones Bond Averages \ 




ziw+ to 

1516— V. 

u«— to 

1614— ’U 

am- Vi 

199k— M 
2599 + 90 
1W6- * 
484k— lUi 
Mi- K 
4BW— 9b 

179k— Ya 




334k — Vk 
109k— 9b 

SS + * 

29 —144 

499k— 94 
ZJVj— 16 


nw— 14 


72 — IVk 

NYSE Index Drops Slightly 

Untied Prat International " ““ — 

NEW YORK — The New Yoric Stock Ex- Money Supply ffigil PT 
chance suffered a small loss Thursday m re- J LLJ c? 

78 — I 
4Mk— 16 
129k— Vk 
7894— Vk 

31 + 9k 

3M- Vk 

2396 + Vk 
779k— V4 

2714— 14 

2994- Vk 
1914— V. 
3844— 44 

ew— vk 

041*+ 14 
05 — Ik 
2214— Ik 
5444— 9k 
794+ * 

259k+ Vk 
3396— 14 
3794— Vk 

1B4k 1894 
451k 4514 
2714 2714 
8816 0814 
6SV6 it 
2414 25 
2»k 23Vk 
57*. S3 
3494 auk 

Untied Pros International 

NEW YORK — The New York Stock Ex- 
change suffered a small loss Thursday in re- 
sponse to new concerns about upward pressures 
on interest rates. 

The Dow Jones industrial average, which 
gained 154 Wednesday, fell 4.09 to 1,27944. 

The NYSE index dropped 0.60 to 104.51 and 
the price of an average share decreased 19 cents. 
Standard & Poor's 500-stock index fell 0.99 to* 
180.19. Declines topped advances 1.041-506 
among the 2,028 issues traded at 4 P.ML EST. 

Big Board volume totaled 104,020.000 shares, 
down from 118,210,000 traded Wednesday. 

Before the stock market opened, the Com- 
merce Department reported the economy grew 
at a 4 J- percent annual rate in the fourth quar- 
ter of 1984 Previously, the department had 
calculated the GNP increase at 3.9 pereenL 

The revised GNP figure reflected better trade 
balances than were used in the previous calcula- 

The latest boost in the fourth-quarter figure 
resulted in a change in the GNP increase for aD 
of 1984 to 6.9 percent of 6.8 percent 

Both the stoat market and the bond market 
have been nervous since the Federal Reserve 
Board chairman, Paul A. Volcker, testified at a 
Senate committee Wednesday that the «*smg of 
credit conditions had ended. He added that die 
current stance did not amount toatightcmuRof 

Monte Gordon of Dreyfus Corp. said that the 
“unexpectedly strong revised figure for fourth- 
quarter GNP” combined with the Volcker re- 
marks one day earlier had the effect of “unset- 
tling the nerves.” 

The Associated Pros 

NEW YORK — Tbe nation's basic money 
supply rose $12 trillion in mid-February, the 
Federal Reserve Board reported Thursday. 

The Fed said Ml, which includes cash in 
circulation, deposits in checking-type accounts 
at banking institutions and nonbank travelers 
checks, rose to a seasonally adjusted average of 
$567.4 billion in the week ended Feb. 1 1 from a 
revised $5652 billion the previous weds. 

2194 14 
27V3 ZJtt 
4194 28 Va 
1494 8Vk 
141k ill 
2214 129k 
229* 1594 
319k 209 
3794 28 
79k 3 
99k 64k 
u ink 
4194 30 
1094 1394 
«Vk 36* 

no 86 9 

1.70 46 14 

in 4a 0 
,12 16 8 
2S% IJ 15 
09c 6 15 
69b 17 II 
72 XI 11 
X U 10 

168 177 
2.10 17.8 
160 4.1 HI 
360 7J 7 

53 SOU 

71 37* 
167 40Vi 
12 1)94 
287 1214 
224 22 
23 2194 
8* Z3V> 
050 359k 
444 514 

14 81k 

4 12 
240 40 
70 151k 

1994 m. 

3094 3496— V6 
40 40*+ lb 

Tl«k 1194 
114k 12—14 
21 V* 219k— 4k 
21 21fc+ 14 

23V. 2JVi 
34W 359i» + 9k 
5 5^ + 94 

8 BVk + Vk 
1191 1194— Vk 
384k 3894— Ilk 
1594 159k + 14 
4410 4094 

90% RIGHT: 800% PROFITS 

Mr. Gordon said an economy that is expand- 

ing too quickly carries risks and that Mr. 
Volcker “left open the option of tightening 
credit, although no one expects him to.” 

Lew Smith of Bear, Stearns & Co. said that an 
unsuccessful rally attempt Wednesday followed 
by Thursday’s downturn “shows that the great 
upward drive that occurred for six weeks has 
withered and the market is in a settling-back 

He said tbe dip is normal but investors who 
“paid top dollar to get into tbe market are 
getting uncomfortable and that may lead to 

UJS. Trust Co. raised its broker loan rate to 
9_5 percent from 925 percent Thursday. After 
the stock market dosed, the Federal Reserve 
reported the M-I money supply measure in- 
creased $12 billion in the week ended Feb. 11. 

Composite volume of NYSE- listed issues on 
all U.S. Exchanges and ova- tbe counter at 4 
P.M. totaled 123.324,500 shares, down from 
140,785,900 Wednesday. 

A sociologist has noted that in “becoming part ofthe •Crowd', the individual feels 
accepted; the irony being that acceptance can diminish opportunity”. The human 
connection is imperative, but it can be distorted by “Elitists', pre-conditioned to 
capitalize on the timidity of the “Crowd', a “Crowd” craving leadership. On the 
“Street'’, communication is * overkill’ . Each day, an analyst somewhere, ts preparing a 
buy, sell or hold recommendation on one of the 2,353 stockson thelMYSE,orthe 4782 
equities traded under NASDQ auspices. How can an investor communicate? 

Perhaps the “random walk* theory makes sense. The concept .that die random 
behavior of particles was paralleled by the price behavior of stocks was formulated in 
1900 by a French mathematician, Louis Bachelier. 

His studies were rediscovered by researchers around 1960 and tested In a 
succession of statistical projects. The evidence shattered the claims of “chartists",- 
“technical analysts' - concerning a system of forecasting stock levels on the basis of 
past patterns. 

There are few free lunches on the “Street”; an investor has to sniff scores of 
reports before ingesting a “three-star" security, ach ore that theaverage chap cannot 
handle, for he cannot communicate with "Elitists", with “Sponsors", who buy 
wholesale, ultimately retailing their inventories to the "Crowd" at premium prices. The 
laws of supply and demand on the “Street" are legislated by "Elitists”, they cregrte 
demand, they manufacture the “paper”, the stock. 

Our success is not predicated upon a crystal ball; we trace the pirouettes of the 
“Establishment", focusing upon securities that offer dramatic gain, down-playing 
entities with limited leverage. In stressing that approximately 90% of equities 
recommended by C.G.R. subsequently advanced, and that 92% of our carefully 
honed “short sales" have sagged, we ere not seeking plaudits, we merely want 
readers to mock prevailing opinion. Our forthcoming tetter highlights securities that 
appear under massive “Elitist" accumulation. In addition, our researchers 
recommend two low-priced entries with the dynamics to mature, emulating a 
previously reviewed “special situation" that spiralled 800 % In a brief time span. 

For your complimentary copy, please write to or telephone- 


F PS. Financial Pfenning Services bv 

1012 PK Amsterdam, The Netherlands 
Phone: (020) -2751 8t 
Tetex 18536 


105 84 

un m 

as £ 

S3 S 

26 f 42 


24 t 42 


22 50 149k 

05 - 22 

SI* 22 

27 8 104 489k 
02 3 7694 

26 17 170 30% 

42 11 1340 759k 
9 3* O* 3*94 

43 10 UH 4496 
15 234k 

8 060* 721k 
vjb 1x281k 
12 I# 7341 STM 
26 12 133 33 
J 11 470 1M 

112 4514 
0 20 136 34 
18 12 248 SHk 
10 357 341* 
76 6 84 25 

08 4 4890 

2 36M SVk 
ait as 
28 ink 
25 18M 
» 1890 
7B 32V. 
39 T75* 
19 139b 
23 159k 

25 14 120 52 

16 18 3N 
42 8 34 

29 II 1175 
15 18 4f54 
SJ0 12 
XI 31 
U 7 113 
42 7 00 

Uft 15 + Vk 


anti 2494 
it 401k— M 
Ulk 1194 
341k Mfb 



1210 1294+ 16 
2T9k 221k 

Wk 189k + Vk 

am St+ vk 

1» 139k— 9k 
1l0 *10- lk 

31 -a 

15 + 10 



489k — 10 
7*44— ft 
3010+ 9b 
759b + 9k 


ank+ vk 

5190 +194 
3294— Vk 
1311k— Ik 

02TB jlE 

If Evciung! 

k at on 



79b 71k — Vk 
2S 2S — 16 

lavs mb— W 
1810 1810—10 
22V>+ 9k 
17V.— Vk 
131b— 9k 
15Vk— 9b 

8894 — 9b 
1214 — lb 
349k- 9b 


S *t 


1394 OW 
MW. 189b 
S 529k 

m* if 
2M4 2890 
5110 51 
41 581b 

119b 1116 
3s am 
3216 3894 
17 M96 

281b 289b 
33U 3291 
I59b I5fb 
219b 211b 
2790 2710 
15 12H 

1310 129b 
1690 16 
171b 109b 
249b 24 
409b 40 
1010 101b 

21 2094 

4fb 6 
3694 369b 
201k 30 
23 » 

401b 5899 
7V. 09b 
I2tb 121b 
3014 37V, 
am Silk 
1794 179b 
129b 12*4 
2516 244k 
629b 421k 
3114 33 
5194 5190 
75* HU 
If lilk 
2Mb 2110 
8 89k 

9310 224k 
16* MU 
55 SfVS 


594+ lb 


304k + 9b 

44 tk — 9b 
1310— lb 

5246 + 90 
1 7)4— 9% 
2Mk+ 10 

989h— lib 
1116— 40 




2710— 4a 
13 + Ik 

M -94 
171k +96 
24 —9b 
4690— W 
Wb+ V6 
2090— 16 

364*7 Vk 
7040— >0 
24 -Ilk 
« +lb 
714 + 14 
12W— 14 
284k + 10 
1790+ Ik 
1596 — lb 
031k- 9b 
3310— lb 
5116— 16 
W4+ 9b 
1090+ 16 
2140— V. 

oa— w 

2290— 9b 
1014— 14 
5*»- H 
6316 + ft 
259b— ta 


««HU Jfl 10 27l» 27«r 2716— 4 
1544 790 LFE 17 13* IJ* 13lk— 40 




Page 15 




— l 

| j j Plessey Says Its Net Fell 
|| 20% During 3d Quarter 


Z - - r Vv< 

By Bob Hagerty 

Iru emotional Herald Tribune 

■ LONDON — Plessey Co. re- 
ported Thursday its second consec- 
utive decline in quarterly profit and 
again blamed heavy spending cm 
research and development 
The electronics company said 
pretax profit in the third quarter 
ended Dec. 28 slipped 7 percent 
fifcro a year earlier to £40.6 million 
($44 million). Sales grew 16 percent 
to- £3312 million. Net slumped 20 
percent to £21.7 million, or 2.95 
pence a share. 

‘ For the nine months ended Dec. 
2& the company reported pretax 
profit of £1211 million, down 17 
percent, on sales of £971.4 million, 
an increase of 9 percent Net de- 
clined 9.6 percent to £70.6 million, 
or 9.58 pence a share. 

-Plessey shares jumped 16 pence 
ter dose at 192 pence on the Lon- 
don Stock Exchange. "It's not as 
bad as it appeared," said John Ty- 
sefe. an analyst at Grieveson, Grant 
& Ox, who predicted full-year pre- 
tax profit about equal to last year’s 
£176.1 million and a rise of nearly 
IS percent next year. 

' Peter Marshall finance director, 
emphasized that the company is in 

an “investment mode, largely 
aimed at increasing long-term pros- 
pects for overseas sales of digital 
telephone equipment and custom- 
ized microchips. 

Mr. Marshall said Plessey had a 
loss of about £4J million in the 
latest nine months mi its produc- 
tion of System X, the digital tele- 
phone exchange being sold to Brit- 
ish Telecommunications PLC. He 
called the deficit “perfectly nor- 
mal" at this stage of the long-term' 
supply program. 

Ptesse/s U.S. -based St r omberg- 
Garison unit, acquired in 1982, also 
remains in the red and is not ex- 
pected to show a profit next year. 
Plessey is adapting Stromberg’s ex- 
change equipment in an attempt to 
win orders from the regional U.S. 

u^toSe^J^unit’s^n^^ P 

The company also continues to 
suffer from lower profit from ex- 
ports of tactical radio equipment, 
but radar sales recovered strongly 
in the latest quarter. 

Plessey reported sharply higher 
profit from its microelectronics 
business, whose exports to the 
United States were helped by the 
pound's weakness. 

Pilots Propose 
EmployeesBuy • 
Ailing Pan Am 

The Associated Press 
MIAMI — Pan American 
World Airways pilots have an- 
nounced a proposal to buy the 
financially troubled carrier af- 
ter labor negotiations between 
the company and their union 
broke down. 

The pilots' union said 
Wednesday that it would pre- 
sent a proposal for a leveraged 
employee buyout to the Pan 
Am Joint Labor Council which 
includes representatives from 
all the carrier’s 
Under the proposal the air- 
line’s 26.000 employees would 
pay $500 million for 31 percent 
of Fan Ant's slock. The plan 
would be financed by payroll 
deductions Of 10 percent to 13 
percent over the next five years. 

The airline's parent compa- 
ny, Pan Am Corp., has not 
made a profit since 1982, and 
lost $206.8 million last year. 

In New York, a Pin Am 
spokesman, Jeffrey Kriendter, 
said be had not heard of the 
buyout plan and could not com- 
ment on iL 

Kukje Is to Be Restructured, 
Says Leading Korean Lender 

?' Kanerr 

£ SEOUL — Kukje of South Ko- 
' tea and its 20 subsidiaries win be. 
: restructured due to the group's fi- 

- . , nancial difficulties. Kokje’s leading 
.. : , Z' : creditor. First Bank of Korea, said 


bank spokesman said creditors 
$we decided to sell three major 
subsidiaries to other companies 
.... and appoint their own managers to 
' tlje remaining units. Terms have 
.. hot yeL been settled. 

£ Kiikje-ICC Coip. win be divided 
... into construction, footwear and 
trading sectors. Kuk Dong Con- 
struction Ca wfll take over the con- 
struction sector. Hand Synthetic 

Fiber Industrial Co. will take 

— — dlarge of most of the remaining 

-C Union Steel Manufacturing Co. 

• and Kukje Machinery Co., two oth- 
. : : er leading subidiaries of the group, 

^ will be absorbed by Dongkuk Steel 
. -.Mill Co. 

Kukje Group sales totaled 1.791 
oilfioa won ($208.44 billion ) in 
1984, the spokesman said. He gave 
no figures for 1983. 

Kukje-ICC Corp. has $470 mil- 
lion worth of overseas construction 
contracts to be completed. 

The Korea Stock Exchange said 
it has suspended trading in three 
listed group companies — Kukje- 
ICC Corp., Union Steel Manufac- 
turing Co. and Wuonpoong Indus- 
trial Co. 

Stock market prices closed gen- 
erally lower after the restructuring 
plans for Kukje were disclosed. The 
composite index lost 1.22 points 
from Tuesday to close at 133.65 
Thursday. The market was closed 
Wednesday for a public holiday. 

Brokers said the market was 
overshadowed by fears that similar 
measures might be taken against 
other financiall y troubled com pa- 

Amexco, CGE Join on Fund 

- PARIS — Compagme G6n£rale 
d’Bectridte, France’s state-owned 
cormnujiicatiQns group, said it has. 
' joined forces with Sbearson Leh- 

Time Inc. to Buy 
Magazine Group 


NEW YORK — Tune Inc. 
^said Thursday that it agreed to 
-buy privately-held Southern 
v Progress Corp., which publishes 
Southern Living Magazine, for 
$395 million in cash plus $8S 
. unllion in cash equiva- 
- lents and certain current assets. 
L Southern Living Magazine 
I' has a monthly drauation of 23 
' milli on readers and earned rev- 
enues of $163 million in 1984. 

'' Tune stud Emory Cunning- 
ham, Son them Progress’s chief 
executive officer, and (he staff 
_of Southern Living will contin- 
-ue to run the magazine 

man/ American Express Inc. of the 
United States to provide joint-ven- 
ture capital to help CGEs growing 
„ high-technology butiness- . _ 

The fund will include other 
French and U.S. investors, a 
spokeswoman for the French state- 
owned concern said Thursday. 
Georges Plebereau, the chairman of 

up $60 rnuhon and Shearson/A- 
merican Express, $100 million. 

The fund will be co-managed by 
the CGE and American Express- 

According to the spokeswomen, 
the French investors would include 
a number of other industrial groups 
led by CGE, and several French 
hanks apd financial institutions led 
by state-owned Crfcdii Lyonnais. 

She did not have details of the 
American investors other than 
Shearas/American Express but 

an American Express spokesman in 
New York said that Shearson Leh- 
man would take a $ 5-miHion stake 
in the new fund. The fund wQl co- 
invest with another venture capital 
■fund that was recently set up in the 
United Stales with about $100 mil- 
lion in capital. 


AEG-Tefeftmken AG and MDS 
Mannesmann Demag GmbH, 
have won an order worth 45 million 
Deutsche marks ($13.55 million) 
from the China National Technical 
Import Corp. in Beijing for the 
modernization of a hot strip mill at 
a Chinese steel plant, AEG said. 

rnnwdMM Marconi Co* which is 
controlled by General Elec trie Co. 
of Britain, said it reached an agree- 
ment in principle to buy the tele- 
communications division of Philips 
Electronics Ltd. of Scarborough. 

Centex Corpi said it bad ac- 
quired the privately held Allied 
American Gypsum Co. of Albu- 
querque. New Mexico, for undis- 
closed terms. The company will be 
renamed Centex American Gyp- 
sum Co. 

20tb-Ceafmy Fox Fflra Coip. has 
launched a review of its film unit's 

Harris Division to Boy 
Part of Exxon Office Unit 


NEW YORK — Lanier Business 
Products, a division or Harris 
Corp.. the UA computer company, 
has agreed to acquire certain assets 
of Exxon Office Systems Co. it was 
announced Thursday. 

Terms were not disclosed, but 
Exxon Enterprises, a division of 
Exxon Corp.. the U.S. ofl concern, 
said Lanier will acquire the rental 
office systems. 




International bv 5 6 


International nv 244 3% 

'Quotes as of; Feb. 21, 1985 

Investors seeking above average 
capital gains in global stock 
markets can simply write us a 
note and the weekly 
will be sent free and without 

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SISShooHor iToIiSnPojwiGn 

tram nnn txroimw _ 

A publishing initiative of encyclopaedic 

A work of over 1600 pages dedicated 
exclusively to Italian export and to the 
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A global informative Instrument permitting 
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■made in Italy* products turned out by 
over 20,000 companies in various lines , 

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SEND COUPON TO POtlCONSULT $ » I. ■ P le Medafllie d’OfO. 49 -00136 Rnnw (Italy) TL* 62146Z COVES 1 
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PIMM MM me intenwUe" eonewmna eavertlatoiB ap«e am corns 
(Ooss me appnxviaie boi) 

Phillips Holders Face Choice Let’s get personal 

The Associated Press 

Shareholders of Phillips Petroleum 
Co. meet Friday to decide whether 
to approve a wnwipan y-ha rk*** re- 
capitalization plan or ode with 
CariC. Icahn, a New York investor 
who wants the plan defeated so he 
can proceed with his $8.06 billion 
bid to acquire Phillips. 

The meeting at ibe ofl company’s 
headquarters here could last from 
several minaies to several hours, 
Phillips officials said Thurs- 
day. “We've never been through 
one like this before," said a compa- 
ny spokesman. 

Phillips has 154.6 million shares 
of common stock outstanding; pas- 
sage of the plan requires the sup- 
port of more than 50 percent of the 
stock, or 78J1 million shares. 

Among other things, the plan 
would restructure the amount of 
stock and debt on Phillips's bal- 
ance sheet and significantly raise 
the number of Phillips shares 
owned by its employees. 

For that reason, the plan would 
severely hamper an unwelcome 
takeover offer because the employ- 
ees could use their stake to oppose 
such a bid. 

The recapitalization plan is part 
of Phillips's agreement with an in- 
vestor group led by T. Boone Pick- 
ens Jr., chairman of Mesa Petro- 

accounting of theatrical revenues 
under the studio’s previous man- 
agement. Barry Dflier, Fox's chair- 
man, said that during an internal 
audit revenues from a hit 1982 
movie, "Tbe Verdict," were credit- 
ed to the film “Monsignor." 

Carbocol the Colombian state 
coal finn, said it has sent the first 
35,000- ton shipment of coal from 
its El Cexrtgbo mine to Denmark. 
Carbocol is aiming for an output of 
three milli on tons this year. 

Goodman Groiq> Ltd. said it will 
continue buying shares in Austra- 
lia’s Allied Mills Ltd. up to the 
Australian takeover code's 14.9- 
percent limit for foreign compa- 
nies. The company said Goodman 
had acquired 11.05 pe rc ent of Al- 
lied’s iskied capital of 104 million 

Greyhound Coipi of Phoenix said 
that it has agreed to buy the con- 

letun Co., to end tbe group’s 
takeover bid for Phillips launched 
in early December. 

Tbe Mesa group is obligated by 
the agreement to vote its block of 
8.9 million Phillips shares in sup- 
port of the Phillips recapitalization 

PBS Plans In Air 
Financial Services 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Public 
Broadcasting Service, bulling se- 
vere cuts is federal aid. has said 
that it plans to broadcast stock 
quotations and financial news to 
subscribers with personal comput- 
ers in hopes of generating millions 
of dollars in new annual revenues. 

A joint venture of International 
Business Machines Corp. and Mer- 
rill Lynch & Co. have signed on as 
a major customer of tbe new Sub- 
sidiary, PBS Enterprises. PBS offi- 
cials said Wednesday. 

The tBM-Merrill Lynch joint 
venture, known as International 
MarkeiNet, plans to deliver stock 
market and business news over a 
portion of the PBS video signal that 
cannot be seen without a special 

sumcr products division of Purex 
Industries Inc. for S264 millio n 
Purex is a privately held company 
based in Lakewood. California. 
Greyhound operates a bus system 
and manufactures food products. 

Life Savers AistraJasta LriL, the 
confectionery group, said it was 
rfmrurvnffaig that shareholders 
accept an increased takeover bid 
from Raleigh Nutritional Products 
Ltd, a unit of Nestle SA. 

Lockheed Corp. announced that 
it and Singer Co. are opening a $12- 
mfltion Hercules flight training 
center in Marietta, Georgia. Lock- 
heed builds Hercules aircraft and 
Rin ger h irilHs flight- simula tion cen- 

Rockwell International Corn, 
said it has completed the previously 
announced acquisition of Allen- 
Bradley Co. for $1.65 billion in 

Are your international invest- 
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they deserve? If not, a talk today 
with Hessische Landesbank Inter- 
national S. A. in Luxembourg could 
prove beneficial to you. 

A wholly-owned subsidiary of 
Hessische Landesbank, Frankfurt - 
one of Germany's largest universal 
banks - Helaba Luxembourg offers 
discriminating international in- 
vestors ail the advantages of Luxem- 
bourg, including direct access to 
the full range of Euromarket invest- 

From deposits in all Eurocur- 
rencies, precious metals, and secur- 
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and financial futures. 

Whatever your investment ob- 
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to design a specific program in line 
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emphasis on customized, personal 

service explains why more and 
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For the personal attention your 
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with Hessische Landesbank in 
Luxembourg. Do it today. 

Hessische Land esbank 
International SA, 4, Place de Paris, 
L-I017 Luxembourg, 

TeL: (00352)481861 

Please send me complete infor- 
mation on your services for inter- 
national investors. 

Telephone I optional) 

Helaba ILy^gKralbxsjaaiii) 

Hessische Landesbank International S.A. 

Hypo -Bank. 

The Choice Address for 
Correspondent Banking in Germany. 

H ypo-Bank has not 
only devoted con- 

A A only devoted con- 
siderable resources to strengthening its 
correspondent banking capabilities, the 
Bank is also firmly committed to building up 
mutually rewarding correspondent relation- 

G ermany’s oldest 

joint-stock bank 

I mportant to clients 
with special intema- 

VJ joint-stock bank 
and among tire nation’s largest universal 
banks with consolidated assets of some 
DM 100 billion, Hypo-Bank offers compre- 
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most routine transactions to the most com- 
plex. And the Bank is present in the decisive 
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A with special interna- 
tional requirements, Hypo-Bank is based in 
one of Europe’s fastest growing regions - 
Southern Germany - where it operates the 
largest branch network of any bank. In fact, 
Southern Germany is one of die highest con- 
centrations of user industries of technically- 
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F ounded by royal 
proclamation in 

A proclamation in 
1835 by King Ludwig I of Bavaria, Hypo- 
Bank has a long heritage of royal client 
treatment and a reputation for bringing 
added value to our correspondent banking 

To find out more 

A about Hypo-Bank’s 
commitment to mutually rewarding corre- 
spondent banking relationships and why 
Hypo-Bank is a preferred address in Ger- 
many, get in touch with us at: Theatiner- 
strasse 11, D-8000 Munich 2, Telephone: 
(0 89) 23 66- 1 , Telex: 5 286 525-27 

Correspondent Banking 




|jj pc IJfls Mich Law Quol. Chile 

Thursday ^ 

Tables include the nationwide prices 
up to the closing on Wall Street 
and do not retied late trades elsewhere. 

12 Month 

High Low Stock 

44 V, 33% NbStPw 
33«A 28 NSPwPf 
«0Va 34% NSPw pi 
5 F% 51 NSPwnf 
78 62* NSPwpt 

42* 2m NorTd 
5Vi 2* NtttafltB 
44% 23* Nortns s 
62* dM NHtlnd 
22* 8% HwStW 
Tffft 30* Norton 
32% 21 Vi Norwst 
96* 48% Nwst Pl 
56 20* Novo 

37% 26 Nucor 
9 4* NutriS 

80% 58% NYNEX 

Dtv. YNL PE 
124 76 7 

120 IB 12 
1M U M 

2X0 it 12 
Id UH 
J29e IX 12 
M LB 12 
J2 6X 
6X0 75 B 

1006 HWl tow 

90S 42% <2V6 
45Bz 32% 31 Hi 
5008 40* 40% 
ssozsw sm 
1008 75 75 

2B97 38* 36* 
53 3% 3 Vi 

2206 43V 42* 
256 54 53* 

42 13* 12 
134 36 35* 

3071 26* 36* 
m S3* 53* 
2033 30* 49* 
127 36* 36* 

95 4* 4* 

525 77* 77* 

pool. Ore 
42*- * 
31* + * 
40*+ * 
5#*— 1 

37*— I* 

53*- * 
12 -* 
35*- * 
26* + * 
30 + * 
4*— * 

14) 17 227 37* 37 37 

II Month 

High Low Sled. 

Dtv. YUS. PE W PkHipUXW QunLOftB 

(Continued from Page 14) 

22* 18* MoPSpr 261 121 3 21* 2] 

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32n 23* MoWI t20 B.8 5 712B 27V. 2W*k 27T& 

4 * vIMOWH ... 146 1* 1 1* 

9* 5$h ModCot 13 19 7* 7* 7* 

fflS.iwSSShS 40 u w Ifl a »-* 

15 8* McNeDI 30* 11* 11 11 — * 

a 1M Mcnrch J0 44 27 SS 18* 10* 18*- * 

“ iES zS 52 | 3104 44* 44* 44*- * 

31* 26 MntDU 246 U 1 133 d 29* 30 + * 

» vm SEX So ii asw 2» a% m%-% 

18* 14* MonSI 1J0D1BL2 66 lg4 17* 17*— * 

A* A* MONY JO U I 117 * * * 

sm 34* M^ftC 2 jOO IB 12 H5 52 51* 52 + * 

28* 23* MorMPl 250 9-0 16 Z7% 27% 27% 

49* 28* Moran 1 220 U 8 5946 46* 46 46* + * 

42* 26* MorKnd 148 M ? 21 Ak *b 38% 39*— * 

31* 18* l*)rs*S d U | ,2 S2 iSa * 

20* 12 MWRty 171a ax 11 354 M* 1W6 W* 

31* 20 Morton a 44 37 13 30 29% »% S'*” 2 

44* 29* MotrlOl M Id 11 4703 85% 34* 35., — * 

25% 15* MWtfrd 540 21 13 123 Mi 25 fflfc + * 

23* 1* Munsnp ..IS J St u. 

43 26* MurphC 1-40 14 15 « *2“ ft 

38* 23* MurpO 1X0 35 11 433 20* 2B% agi— * 

23* is* mt tyo ia um £ S'? S 

13*11 MutOm 1440105 75 13* 1MJ 

11* 3* MWLn 67 3* 3* 3*+* 


75 15* 13* 13* 

67 3* 3* 3* + * 


18 PHH 58 XI 
24* PPG 140 44 
IS PSA 40 24 
13* PSA CM 1-90 10.1 
11* PocAS 154 11 J 
12* PocGE 172 10.1 
i 30* POCUB 3X2 M 
20* PcLWTi 170 4X 
5* PocRa* *r l 
i 13* PocRJPflOO 124 
i 11* PoeSd X0 25 
, S3* PncTofO 540 75 
i 21 Poctfcp 132 87 
l 27* PocH Pt AX7 12* 
i zm PnUiWM 40 15 

. 26* PoWWPf275 74 
25* Palm Be 150 3.1 
20* PanABk JO 25 
. 4 PaiAm 

1* PanAwt 
13* Pan** n 50 14 
l 31 PanhEC 2J0 4.1 
k 3 PCTltPT 
k 12 Powrcfl 40 45 
b 1016 Pardvn 
k 12* ParfcEB .. 
k S* ParkDrl .16 2J 
b 25V. ParkH 1.12 25 
h 12* PorkPn 52 32 
5 1* PafPtrl , . 

5 14* PaylNW 54 L3 

b 11* PavNP 40 44 
k 13* PayCah .16 4 

6 6* Pertxfv 50 25 

37 PenCon 
44* Pcnnov 246 ,44 
19* PaPL 2X8 10.1 
30 PaPL ^ 450 T2J 
23 Vi PqPL«kirX42 124 
20 PaPtlMZN 11J 
56* PaPLor 840 1Z7 
22* PaPLOPTXK 124 
25% PoPLdprl73 117 
81* PaPL PT 11 40 11.9 
94* POP Lpr 13X0 125 
58* PoPLDT 870 IM 
31* Pern*! H 

i M P gnwp ? IS® 
i 30* Penmol U0 44 
, 9U. PnaoEn 150 74 

17 ® Si SIS ti* 

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RddiC 80 12 10 M0 >1 
RbpCYP 4 J 
Ran NY 144 17 8 
RNY Ptc 3.12 12.1 
RepBk 144 44 7 
Rn.BkPl2.l2 64 

ssr %%%■ 

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RHpAW 50 1.7 IB 
RvrOkn „ '7 

Robdiw 1.12 M ® 
Robtsn 140 4.1 W 
Rooms J6 3J 17 
ROCtlG 120 105 6 
i RochTl 144 72 9 
Rockwl 1X0 24 10 
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i Rohr In 10 

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I RoiKlES X50 3 25 
i Rollins At 34 IB 
i Roman , , 

■ Roacr X 41 1 

Rorar 1.12 A9 J4 
t ROWOn M 4123 
i RaylD 247e SA 5 
b Rutjrmd 44 15 18 
RussBn 17 

b Rust do 56 43 0 
k RvanH 1X0 4X 15 
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b Rvlcnd 40 M TJ 
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130X0 156X0 Jan '“2“ 

mm 15630 Mar 

IttSO 16040 MOV 

Bat. Soto SO FYOv.SglM 877 

Pro*. Day Open lit 7482 off i« 

U.S. Futures Feb. 21 

immt ® 



Ma r 675 



679 —XI 
674 —XI 

rev. Safes 2i 
75778 up TO 



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MOV 13570 

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7 7V, 6 7* +1* 

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1 33 32* 32*— ft 

« 12* 12 12V— ft 

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7 23Vb 23 23*— * 

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33V 21* 5onBkS 1J0 34 
34 J4V SunCh 48 14 
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34* 23* SuorVl 48 2.1 
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41 37V 37* 37%— ft 

2» 21* * 

10 123 3B 27V Kft 

11 35 47V 46* 47V 

9 20* 29 =8«- MV- % 

27 4 8* 0* Bft— 

6 un M* 18* 13ft 

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7 24* 14* 24* A i- 

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9 763 30 29* 19*- * 

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14 512 2+W 24 24*— ft 

17 111 14* 14V 1«*-ft 

9 117 14* 14V .4ft * * 

8 392 74V 74V 74w— * 

II 41 25% 24V !4%— V 

a 1089 20V 20% 20%— ft 

50 60 15V 15 15 — ft 

29 124 22V 5, =V— ft 

10 6275 48* 47V 47%— 1 

9 6x 36 36 36 

11 3» « «% 41ft- ft 

14 758 53* SI* 51Tl— ft 
17 13M 22* 21* ft 

,12 290 21 20*a 3BV— ft 

9 458 15* 15 lift — ft 

i 8 3232 60% S9V 

I 7 1157 45 W* 44H + % 

I lOz 74V 74V .Aft 

i 10 131 25% 25* 25% + % 
1 17* 17V 17V + V 
I 18 383 16V la* I**— ft 
' 11 429 29V J9* 29V + V 
i 11 19 K 32% 2gb+ » 

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| 22527 ZTk 27* 27* + V 

1 33 3* 3* 3% 

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1 12 1084 28* 27V 28 

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41 * ,'D’b U 
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36 35* 36 + * 

9* 9% 9% + * 

18* IBM IBM 

46* 33* Karen. MO 67 II 
51* 45* jampl S45 107 
39 19 XTRA 44 24 10 

29* 24 Z BtaCP 1^ 84 9 
34* 14* Zopofo 44 54 18 
50 so 2nyre^ 40b J T5 
31* 18* ZertltlE . ■ 

77V. Tfl Zftro <40 i«4» IV 

31H zivfc zumin \32 o n 

NYSE Highs-Lows 

1905 45* 44* 45 — 

377 51* 51 SI* + 

IIS 27% 24% 27*— * 

91 29* 29 29* + M 

426 15% 15* 15% 

1^ 57* 5Mt SKk-JJ 
2569 24 raj SS— 1 !? 
193 26 H* 25*— ft 
420 30* 30* 30%+ * 

Feb. 21 

6615 6620 
67.75 67J7 
66X7 66.10 

64.70 6472 

6625 6627 


70X2 70.92 

71X5 7122 

71.10 71.T7 
72.15 7227 

71X0 71X0 
7U5 71X0 

7225 TLX 

4695 47X7 
52.17 0X7 

won 5347 

4775 MXO 
4030 «40 
48J0 40 £ 
4630 4630 

7070 70.W 
SMB «J7 
69X5 70.17 

7HX5 7030 

7040 nxo 

70X0 69J5 

62 35% 

31% 24 
13* 7> 

19* 11% 
Z7% 17 
81* SO% 
149 110 
11% 3* 
70 51* 

16* 9* 
IBP* 13* 
72* 46% 
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Tall 3rd 


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29e X 20 
2J0 74 % 

1X0 42 17 
100 IB IT 
4X0 11 

1.12 1.9 12 

1X0 SX „ 
320 45 13 

11* 11% 11* Sale! ligures pro undflctal. Yearly Mlqlp ydJgrwjTllgcl 

28* 77V IS t iheprewkanB weeks Plusltw«w^l*^^wtteiai«f 

19% 13% 1« +* •radlnoiMy.WtwroasPlItorsfwk dvkli^amajjrilliWToo 

31 30% J0%— »• parcCTlormweM5b«npald.lhevwjrinl0ji.owraneeouW 

11 V 11* 11 V dividend arc snowti tar the new i1ock_ofily. UnjM Wlgg riW 

45* 45". 45V. nama. rai« of diwideiKh are annuoi disbursements Dasea on 

: 31% 30* 31*— * Mw latest declaration 

, 4S 44* 45 0 — dividend also exirafsJ. ■ .. . h ^ 

14 iu 19* 19* I** a— annual role of dividend obis stock aivwefM. 

1204 3% 3* 3*—* C — (iauidaiino dividend. 

1933 59% 5a* 59 + V eld — called. 

94 31% 20% 21*— * d — new «eorlv low mr - m , 

21 40 16% 16* 16%+* e — 01 viawnd declared or w*d In prec^lna 12 manm^^ 

10 S* 9% 5% a — dividend In Gonad Ian funds, sublectta 15% non-resioeitce 

24 'll S' 4 337e 33 7 k I — div>dcnd declared alter spill Hipor stack divider^. 

77 58% 10 "J) 1 _ dividend oaW Ihls vear. omitted, deferred, or no action 

10 810 49* .iffta 48* ia<»en a: lolesl dividend meeHra 

1 101 'u 101 V 101 V. — Sv. k _ dividend deelored or paid Ihli year, an accumulative 
13 116 48% 47% 48* + ft nwe with dividends In arrears. 

13 774 9% 8% BT,— * r n — new Issue Ini ho past S3 woeta.Tnc high-low range begin! 

11 651 33% 31% 5% + ft mm me Start al fradlni. 

15 258 37% JTVa JTVs— '« nd — ne.> I do. deliver v. 

U 10 16* 11% 16%+* p.E — pricr+amlngs folia ... 

11 709 50* 50 50* + * r — dividend declared or paid In preceding 12 months plus 

6 34 33% 33% — * sltcl dividend. . . 

22 s 14% .4% 14% j s — slack rpn 1 Dividend bMiiKwflti date 01 spin. 

16 *391 36% 3o%— * i"— div?dend said In slock In preceding I! rn<witji3. estimated 

. ea'Ji value on c>-dlvldand or ea-distrlriuilofi dale. 

I 11 — new vcarly nigh. 

48 4J 47 —I* ii — fn bankrupt'^ or receivership or belngrewOTlJedun- 

28* 73% 2J 7 * o..ritioBonfrupiev Art. or seeurnies assumed bv swieom- 

11% II* 11* — ft partes 

15 14% IS + •• nd — when distributed. 

34 S3% 3S% — % vil — when Issued. 

78% «Ws 78-T, ' lvv. — wl.'fi nerronfb. 

145*145*14513— Tib o'RhvIdcnd or 0<-rlaniS. 

5 4* 4*4 + •'» 4d,s — c*4lnir1bullon. 

60 E8* 58=1— * .w — wiihoul warrants. 

1 15% 15 15*—* , —e, -dividend and satas In lull. 

1 IB* IB 18 —ft , Id — yield. 

1 71 70 70%—% z — sale. In ML 

I 30% 30% 30%— % 

AMEX Highs-Lows 

Feb. 21 


KSMBureentaPwoi „ uxiS 1 

II Ilf pJIl 

prev. OnyOpon Inf. 12J71 

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JB 47c c*n 477 477 

S ss- ss *s 

7-M 6!5 May 620 &M 

PKtfmtas MX* P^-Saft* 1’2f 

"S I '^m"|W 2150 21“ 

i ■ § i E 

Sic 20S3 SCP 2W Zm 

£*JJ 10M DM 2048 2051 

i Isssts 

141.76 143X0 
140X0 ML77 
13920 MOM 
13820 139X8 
13720 138XS 
13650 13725 

186 198 

4X8 LIS 
4X1 L« 
L77 *77 

4X6 L92 

543 541 

187 5J3 

610 L18 


3138 2149 

2165 2J77 
215S 2155 
2155 2160 
2B3S 2035 
2027 2036 

20X1 2040 


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93X1 87X9 Mar 91J4 9JJB \ 

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Prev. Day Open I nt. 46786 oWSOl 
10 YR. TMAWRYfewn 

BN 7M JW! 79-8 7M 

81-13 75-18 S» T+n 

B0-22 75-13 Cftc 77-23 77-36 

804 75-18 Mar 

7626 77-22 Jwn 

Esf.Solc* Pnv.SaM JAW 

Prav. Day Open InL 41943 uplXei 


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5K 6 SS ttS & 

sti Mor 66 66-1 

^ ^ 1 SS 65.13 65.15 

Esi. Sales ,^5G]SS l SiMa W 

Prev. Dav open lnL2J4X»9 off 360 


6^27 57-17 Jim «■» g"f 

#4 59-13 Sep 6M1 W-31 

r« ss 6 mo *630 

*4 SS Jun M-13 «■“ 

47a 6*21 see 66 66 

Est-Satas prev . Saf er S93 

prev. Dav Ooen inf. 5202 ua68 



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90S 85JS Sep 89X5 WX6 

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91X0 8S.M MW JO ft MSB 

. 90X0 8249 Jiari 89X0 »X4 

90X3 8L5S am 

B9X7 8LB0 Dec 88B2 MX7 

8940 0618 Mor 8048 8057 

89.15 8673 JW *£“ M31 

r 88X4 P® S S« 8« 

1 B9J7 87 JB _ PW L.JW L JS M 

* EsI.Solta 44X37 Prey.5rt« GHfl 
, Si^DSopSTlPtlbiOM UP3*7 

Cash Prices Feb. 21 | London Petals Feb. 21 

91X0 91X3 
91JJ9 Vl-ll 
9045 9046 

90J0 «U3 

HUH 90X5 
B9J4 89X1 
89S6 ma 

762* 7 J® 
78-28 79-2 
78-8 71-n 

77X0 77-24 

70G 70-10 

6M 69-10 
68*10 <0-17 

6741 67-12 

66 -M 6+30 
66-16 6M0 

65-28 65-30 
65-13 65*15 

6015 IU 

66-28 66-28 
66-13 66-13 
65-30 *5-30 

90X4 90X9 
9009 90.15 
89X3 89X0 
09.16 87.19 
■OX3 B8J0 
1057 88X3 
8840 8040 

9047 9052 
8970 0976 
89.10 69X2 
8878 88X0 
8X44 8851 
88.17 BBJfi 
87J5 88X3 
87X0 87X3 

Fd. Soles Prev. Sales 10790 

Prev. Day Open Inf. 52X51 up43t 

Stock Indexes 

Commodity and Unit 


Start Wllols ©!?■*• fi? 

iron 2 FOn. Phlta-tan 
Start scrap No 1 hw PUL — 

Lood Soot, lb 

CafeW rtoet. lb 

Tin l Strain:), lb ■ . ;r ~— 
line. E SI. 1- Baa*, lb 


Silver N.Y-oz ■ 

Source: ap. 

198X5 199 -K 
mao 2KA5 
207XS 287X5 
210X0 710-50 

10*45 10470 
106X5 10640 
108J0 108X0 
1I0J0 110X0 


pgtataandc^i .^nj 179.90 18045 —65 

IStS TCT inK 184X5 183J0 1B370 — XS 

5l0O So« sSS iSlS WXQ 1JLM WL90 -M 

19*90 17578 Dec rnxrnso wxo imio -ss 

EsLSaJss 67X40 Prev. Sales 7Z335 
P^oSaSTlnL 54X18 UP 2X56 


nmtaondccrfta ^ mM iMJ5 —<* 

2iSS 173X0 Jun 204X0 1£]S TO30 — -JS 

212X0 ^ 



‘W.UUartc en* i mm Mm 10*45 10470 — XS 

s S « s !o« M ^ 

dL s &SSUP ,,uo ,,M0 

Prev. Day Ooen Int. 1U58 0P352 

j Commodity Indexes 

Close Prevkw: 

...w 962.90 » 964.70' 

gas h - — 2 ® 

C^rScJi Bureau. 241X0 24180 

Moodv's : base 100 : Dec. 31. 1931. 
p -prelTminarv; t- final 
Reuters : base 100 : Sep. 18. 1931. 

| Market Guide 

CBT: CM caoo Boo rd qf Trad e 

cmc: Chlsoea Mercantile EicMra* 

uSuh: internailangf MBnata ry M arket 

Of CMnN Moiuinfiie 8*0®**. - _ 
NYWCE: NawYBffc Cq ct o . SuoWjCoHee btclww* 

NYCE: New York Cottan ExChtata* 

COMEX: Cwwmoftlt V. ExGwng a. WfNf ^g* . 

NYME: m «"» Tor* Mercaiyta Excha nge 

itc XT: Kfireas Cinr Board o f Trade 

Ittfe:- Mo* York. Pgiww Exehom* 

London Commodities 

Feb. 21 

Figures in sterling per mefric ton. 
Gasoil in UX. dollars per metric toa 
Geld hi U5. dollars per ounce. 

Figures in sterling ocr melric Ion. 
Silver in pence wr trov ounce. 

Today previous 

High wo*t cootior M « , «»«i 

sool 1761 JO 1.262.00 ITSaXO 1.7B9XO 
j months 1.J08X0 1 788 JO IJ10X0 U10J0 

°^ T ^""’rSrxo U59X0 itbs-m ^ 

3 months 1.382X0 1.58580 1JMX0 l^» 

J months 1OXS500 10X5L00 10^X0 10X55X0 
Lead: sort 33250 mSO CTXO 3J9» 

3 months M2J» M250 M750 ^8X0 

Zinc: spat 81A00 8IL0& MJXO Wffl 

3 months 793X0 796X0 798X0 M 

Silver, spat 5S8JC S59.00 570JM 5nM 

Smooths 570X0 S73J0 58950 59050 

3 months 142X0 34250 3«J0 J«u»w 

ziKSNHt « ,3J ” 8l4Jfc S-SS M 

3 months 793X0 796X0 798X0 mJO 

Silver, spat 558JC S59.00 570JM 572^ 

Smanlhs 570X£i S78J0 58950 59050 

Ahnnlnnim. ixiim 1X17X0 1X17-M 

3 months 1.0MX0 IX«XC 1X51X0 1«X0 

Nickcl-spgl L46M0 L*70X0 *660X0 6465X0 

3 mon^ LMiXO 46M00 L675X0 4480X0 

Source: Reuters 

Paris Commodities 
Feb. 21 

Sugar In French Francs per metric Ion. 
Other figures in Francs per IDO kg. 

High Low Ctaw Cl 
May' EAR 1X35 1395 1X07 14OT 

Alkj 15K l^WO ix<97 

Srt 15M 1550 1555 IAS 

Dec NT. N.T. 14 IS 1*35 

Mar 1755 1.715 U23 LEM 

Mtav N.T. N.T. 1780 1X00 

Ell. VOL: 1.176 tats of 50 tons. Prev. oc 
sales: 1X92 tafs. Open Interest: I8J63 

Dividends Feb. 21 

N.Y. /Magazine 

Per Amt Pov Rcc 

- SZ35 l-l* J" 7 

.10 PC 5-6 +1 





























High Law Close 

Mar 115X0 111X0 112X0 lttiO 
unv 130X0 116X0 118X0 11870 } 
aS 7 129X0 125X0 12*X0 12640 
Oct 13630 131X0 13LD0 13470 1 
MC 143X0 14700 139X0 140X0 J 
Mor 15860 15440 1M60 156X0 1 
May N.T. N.T. 162x0 161X0 I 
1725 lota of SO tore. 


Mar 2706 2.165 21M 2J« 

Mav 2707 1177 1185 2.186 

JW Sl90 2.165 1170 1 71 

SOP 3.170 2.152 2.152 ZW 

rw 2XZ3 2X04 2X07 zm 

JXJO IM 1J« 2X00 
Mav 1.998 1.998 1*996 1*99/ 

5X12 lota gflO tans. 


Mar IS! 2X33 MS 

Jtv 2406 2X88 2X06 2X« 

Sep 2XM 2XW 2432 MSI 

Nov 2452 2436 34S> 2X54 

Jan 2X45 2477 2X40 2X« 

Mar N.T. N.T. 2X30 2X40 

2608 lota 015 tons. 


Feb 25475 254X0 2S4.7S 25SX0 

Hot VAX 23275 23375 23LB0 

X3 r mS 223JJ Z33J5 

Stay 21775 217X0 217J0 217.W 

jun 215X0 21L75 2 UTS 21 5 JO 

jly 21SX0 21* JO 213X0 216X0 

Alia N.T. N.T. tlijlj 219X0 

sap n.t. n.t. £3xo mm 

M N-T. N.T. 213X0 22SX0 

1734 lots tf 100 Ions. 

113X0 U3X0 
118X0 11860 
127.00 12JX0 
13570 135X0 
1*1X0 14100 
157m 15760 
164X0 16*60 

2,168 2.170 
2,177 2.180 
1163 2.1M 
1148 1149 
2X00 2X15 
1.9*5 2X00 
1,080 1.995' 

1335 2*22 
1381 2X83 
2X10 2X15 
2431 2435 
2X50 1*40 
2X40 2450 
2X25 2X35 

253.75 254X0 

232.75 233X0 
rr>t) 22275 
318X0 21875 
214J0 2IS75 
214X0 nsm 
71100 218X0 
210X0 ziim 

209X0 224.00 

DM Faturcs Options 
Feb. 21 

I W. Cwnan Mak.'.ZS.QOO aiark-. tm par mark 









































sate*: 97 tafs. Open Imoreil : 1X69 

mS? PFE VI 5 ISIS 2J15 Zffi 
MOV 1565 1565 1565 1570 

JJy N.T. N.T. 2J07 2AJ0 

Sep 2X«I 2600 1600 2615 

Nov N.T. N.T. 2602 1630 

jun N.T. N.T. 2600 2630 

Mar N.T. N.T. 1595 262S 

Elf. voL: 45 lata of S tara. Prev. ■ 
sales: ffl lota. Open Interest: 178 
Source: Bourse tsu Commerce. 

S&P 100 Index Options 

Feb. 21 

Bonn Now England — US- tor-' 

EiwcaNi Inc — S-tar-f 

Fit Fed SAL (Cam) — Ator-2 

Lance Inc — 4-tar-3 

United Co Find Corp — 2- tor-1 


Coca-Cola Co Q -7* 

Engraph Inc Q XI 

Parr Co Q A 

Maroon Keegan a X> 

Ohio Casually G J 

Society Coro Q ■* 

Southland Royal W Q X 

Sterling Bancorp Q -V 

Tennant Co Q -j- 

Time Inc Q ^ 

Vulcan Corp Q X 

1-.-. • 




C 1 IM if 

r^ - 

3 i ahc ' 1 

5F 99E3 j! 
a 1 nr jla *4 

25 fev . r - : 

'j y 

S ;^.99 Cl 
IC?ICB ?t 

< lltllfl {> 




a i l dvIT* ; 

iisxap {• 

* in® in ;• 

3 K 



r rr 

a mojiu i 

i :a.53- 1; 

- »9« 

EMnafed total wl- 7 J<2 
Cam: wed. voLSTTfoocn wt.54.147 
Puts : Wed. «1. 4X10 opea M.2IJ9U 
: source: CiME. 

India's Trade Gap Narrows 


NEW DELHI — India’s trade 
deficit in the Hrst eight months of 
the fiscal year that ends March 31 
fell io a provisional 30.16-biBion 
rupees ($2J3 billion). 

SMta Cat&Loa Pahina 

PrK» mot AN Mn Jaw Utr AN Hot Jew 

150 274 — — — — — — — 

155 O M 2W - 1/14 1/14 1/8 — 

lit I7W lWk B5k - Wlk <k ft - 

116 1}A IM — — 1/16 5/16 t/16 ’ll 

no 8 H UN - JrT* 9b m 15. 

1H » R ft A 14 77/143 g. 
IN l« A A A N <8 ft N 

“ 4ta n «m r, 9 - 

in in* um iWNiirt - - - - 

It5 1/14 S/14 11/1* w — - — - 

Tetflctalwdimie IMS 
TaM art awe M. BUM 
Total art vokmw IUU 
Teh* out open taL3f2in 

ISniTfJf LxwlTUt Ctanl7U9-9W 
Source: CBO£. 

1/14 1/14 W - 
in* >9 l - 

1/16 s/16 9/1* Is 
VH * lVb 15. 

1 1 Mill DU1ILU1 M m •" TJ 

wnoni Co Q ^ H| {J 

Ime !nc Q ^ M 

uleanCorp O JO 3-12 *-* 


ah moled Bksnrs O m 3*15 

A mar Bonkers Ins O .12 ki 3-3 M 

Be M ms- Hemingway O .10 f}* {, 

Brandi Core Q 30 345 

Centex Care O X6VJ « J” 

Combustion Ena Q 64 +30 4X6 

CamlneffialCore, Q M 3-1* s-> 

Datlrev Owmlcal O JO Jg 

Douglas A Lomason Q .TO 

Fft imeratata Bre 9-®« jS 

P5> Jersey Nall O 65 -Cj 

Fst Nartharn S&L Q -W 3-l| £2 

Florida Fed SAL O SB J1S I V 

GoodrldiBF Q ^ « S 

Greyhound Core D m +« {? 

Har court Br J Q ^ .<5 

Household trill A 43*. +15 

IMI Min 8. Chem G 65 +*» 

MoeDormtalnc a .» +j »V? 

Morin* Midland Bks 9 -fj .u ij 

MonascoCorp Q -JJ 

Newell Com pontes Q -12* M *1^ 

Northrop Coro G * 316 

Maxell Cora O 9 33 4-i *^“ 

N. Y.MagoxIne O .» 3-14 ^ 

□Id Kent Phi O X. + 1 | 

pacific Gas Elec O 4-is 

Standard Havens A Q X2 +| » 

Super Food Svc O .11 +|| 

Texas PocLd Trl A ^ Mf K 

United Co* fuki 2- 13 £ w 
Utnti P A I Q ■» +! G 

voliev Nail Core 9 -2 w 

wetlerau tae 9 tl J2 3-12 

Wynn's inti Q *15 3- w ^ 

A-Annual; MMobuh*; oxworteriy/ S-Sfrt** 

Seonx: UPI. 

.-•’if S’**:.! p.V 





wirt.? ?? m sirs e*m im imtmimamtu m 


Feb. 21 

NASDAQ National Market Prices 


AtssAr a 










A valor 



Sate* Mi Net 

1D0I HMl Uw IP-MLCiroe 

em. 3m *> * vt 
21B IW l(V> iota + to 
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222 34ft 




371 25ta 
159 lib 



1448 251* 




41 201* 


20M ■ 





22 501* 


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304 74ft 


74ft ■ 






6 261* 





CBTBc £6 

CBT 1J0 








23 8 » I + ta 

332 1016 IB 10 — M 
1329 28 29 +2 

6ft 4116 404ft m. 

H » 9 Ota— ta 
39 IBS* IBV. Uta— ta 
230 74t 7Vb 7Vh— » 
363 94ft Ota 94t + % 
lift i A — ta 
114 M M M 

#o » 5ta Sta- ta 




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394 I Ota 171* llto + ta 
.401 4.1 169 14V. UV1 Uta 

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6118 Ita Ita lta+ta 
ISO 34 615 5140 53 53 — ta 

-80 U 53041 40ta 40ta— ta 
06 71V 7ta 7ta— ta 
31 I5ta V5V. 15ta + ta 

02 lOta lOta Wta + M 

54 15 14 351A 344ft 34ta 

33 Ata ftta 4ta + «. 

35 Ota Ota Ota 

5* A 6081746 I7ta 17Vft— H 

3 Ita Ita Ita 

JU 5 519 Ota 0 Ota— ta 

JO 22 742 144ft 14M Uta— ta 

.M 5 451 251V 25 2SW — 4ft 
50 TW Tta 7ta + ta 



(Mail -30 1.1 
onrTP *26 0.1 

5a lei la Not 

lBtft HKA Low SPALClrVO 
33 ita 5*4 Sta 
87 lBta ISta ISta 
20 1.1 lift Uta Ifta 

[76 0.1 01 38ta 1744 38 

41 U Uta 14 

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87 4 38ft Sta— ta 


SA U 1298 10ta 
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615 381ft 
66 20 

150 45 135 

54 1.0 16234ft 

50a 1 3 100 23ta 
151 Sta 
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570 ta 

to sta 
I 144 Sta 

1 268 54ft 

49 10 
Mt U 32 10ta 

10 19ta 
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374n 374ft 
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35 35 

234V 234ft 
2214 23'4 + V* 
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”ta 19 ta 
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54ft Sta 
51* 5ta 
044 10 + ta 

2691 284* + ta 
19 19 





















7iv 7*ft— ta 
&ta ita— ta 
6ta 6ta 
1ft lta+ta 
27ta 2~t + ta 
JOta 2014 — ta 
4ta 4W — ta 
S9ta S9!fc— ta 
2944 30 + ta 

ita ita — l» 
164ft Uta + ta 
50% 5Qta + ta 
*4V4 644ft 
31 31 

ISta 17V1 +141 
17 17 — ta 

Jta 4ii 
7V, 71.1— ta 

71ft 7*1 + 4fc 
low iota— ta 





















U '• 

343 Uta 15 Uta 
578 5VV 44V 5 + ta 

23 Uta 13 134fc + ta 

22 j mm 

949 2846 27Vft ZTta — 4ft 
206 4ta 3ta 34ft— Vfe 
268114ft 11 114ft + ta 

2SS1 fflh lOta lOta — VI 


151ft 15ta 
iita Uta 
144ft IS 
IBM 1046 
mu im 

2Dta 204ft 
1246 124ft 
34ta 3S 
Sta 54b 
84b 84b 
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7ta 8 
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2746— U 
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1 K+ta 




Iita + 4b 
65ta— ta 
1046+ U 

2H6— * 

264 b— V 6 


74b + 4b 

43 + ta 

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134ft — ta 
416— ta 
64ft— M 
41b— ta 
2IV!i— 46 
546- V6 
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2846 + 1b 

1746 + 46 


331 6 



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i XMex 



15ta — 







3716—16 | 

, YorVFd 







USLICO UO 17 1232* 32V* BA + 4b | Zontfvn 

UTL 18724 23 23 — 4b I OJ?* 

UHrw 06a 3 152 tta 8*6 84ft I W"*» 

100520 20ta 29 + M 
169 446 44ft 4)b— M 
58a 19 1 1246 1216 1246 

\M 34 20 37 3646 3646+ta 

1 54* 5W. 5ta+ ta 
279 71b 7 716 

* ” MtHTfcaP 


116 2ta 
61 4V7 
85 3 
155 34ft 
5 24ft 

1j 08 25 131 42ta 

252 ft? 651 
258 51 392 50Vk 
M 25 180 35% 

240 120 26 214V 

-13e 3 186 174ft 

54 7 
495 3 
248 Uta 
798 9916 
251 7ta 

216— 4b 
44ft— 1* 
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34*— 4ft 
15 — 4ft 

42 — I* 
SI +Tta 
5Dta + ta 
25V* + 4ft 
354ft- ta 
2146 + ta 

7 + ta 

2Tb — ta 

384* — 1 , 
174h +Vb 
746— ta 

Gc±t 3E53 ■ SUMO 

Valean WUte WeM &A. 

L, Quai da MoflA-Btaoc 

1211 Cum L Swtueitaad 
TeL 310251 - Tdhm 2*305 

This announcement appears as a matter of record only 


Announces the formation through 
its UK subsidiary Textech Decorations Ltd 


Textech PecUey Ltd 



The International Herald Tribune 


? ' V< ' ' !i i/rJ?5. PRO#VT RAOt 

• . '£ i 

>3^. -4 

fry ' 


Reproductions of 129 front pages, many with Herald 
Tribune exclusive. articles: like the first-hand report from 
the sinking Titanic, the Dreyfus trial, the Venice 
campanile caught in mid-collapse by a Tribune photogra- 

Follow coverage of the First World War by one of the 
few newspapers that stayed in Paris and was virtually 
edited at the front. 

Read about people — Queen Victoria. Lindbergh, Jack 
the Ripper, the Windsors, Statin— a century of news head- 
liners and the events that surrounded them. 

Hard cover, 28x38 centimeters, readable-size text The 
book is divided into five chronological sections, each with 
an introduction describing the period from historical and 
journalistic viewpoints. 

THE FRONT PAGE is a distinctive personal or business 
gift. Order one — or several — today. 

THE FRONT PAGE 1887-1980 

International Herald Tribune. Book Division, 

Igl, avenue Oiaries-de-GauOe, 92521 NeuiUy Cede*. Fiance. 

Please send me copies of The Frwa Page al US. $ 37 each. 

plus postage: S 2 JO each in Europe -$ 8 eadi outside Europe. 

□ Enclosed is my payment. (Payment may be made in the convertible 
European currency of your choice at current exchange rates.) 

□ Please charge my VISA Card number 

Exp. date: Signature:^ 

INmmwt foe VBA C«nl pnrdweii 

Name (in block letters); 


City and Code : 



Page 18 


Tables include ffte notion wide prices 
op to file dosing on Wall Street 
and do not reflect fate trades elsewhere. 

SVi Vh AHaaWt 

5Vi Vh AHaaWI 
Vh 4ft AudWr JSs 1.1 2d 
4?ft 3W% AufoSw IJHd 2.1 it 
22ft 18ft Avonds M AS 7 

71 lft lft lft 

n » » » 

17 488 41* 4ft 

17 478b 47* 47ft 

13 im i» T7W— e 



45 ivn 

ia 7n 

a m 

174 Wl 
37 ft 
IM m 
30 lift 
a 25* h 

37 % 

55 3 fc 




ft 10H Ato 

vs m » 

M V* Th 

ft 23V, IS 

40 31ft 

Ik in* 

VC. 334 IV. 

ft 224* 15V* 

V* Sft 31* 

IM 107* 57* 

*4 12V 10% 

M A 31b 

» m « 

EAC AO 45 14 45 

ERC 14 35 

EeutCJ 17 J4 

EstnCo lJO <9 7 O 

Estop 4JA021.2 3 3 

EdrOB a .17 1044 

ElAudD 14 

ElcAm 140 *4 S 7 

El sCSd 13 St 

EtsTn or 23 US 

EmMdn • 

EmCor 4 » 

EnoMet 4 

2CJ* 2§ft 

32Tb 32V 
9ft Vft 

1ft 1ft 

21V* 21V* 
3ft 3ft 
n 7«t 

12ft 12ft 

4 ft \ 

«ft— ft 

2ft + V* 
20ft — ft 
32ft + ft 
9ft- ft 







• only 15% cash downpayment 

• 3 years rental and management guarantee 

• prices: CS62,00frC$9B,000 

• 2,3.4 bedrooms, multi-level 

• Apartment sizes; 1 196 sq. IL (1 11m 2 )— 2010 sq. ft. (187m 2 ) 

• Modem conveniences and recreation facilities 

> Constant appreciation, fully rented, professionally managed 


Alt Marketing Manager, 87 Yonga Street. Suite 700 
Toronto. Ontario. Canada. MSE 1J8 
Tel: (416)8630071 - Tatar 06524301 


— quality commercial properties ft rental apartment buildings 

— comprehensive services lo potential immigrating entrepreneurs 

' Office of Maiire Jacques DUHAMEL ' 

Avocat an Bumu de Draguipsm (Vax) 

45, Boulevard Ledeic, Draguignan 
TeL 16-94/680035 


Palais de Justice of Draguignan 

Unmday. March 7. 1965 3t 130 fua. 

Newly-baih viDa (1960) vriih 300 wjjn. aceommodatfam, carnal beating, tennis- 
court and swimming-pool. Section B numbers 438, 439, 440, total surface of 
2 hectares. 78 ares, 90 naiiarek. 

Opening bid: F.Fr. 600,000.00. 

7o be contacted ia Paris: 

LoeH & Van der Ploeg 

TeL: (1) 266.23.57 



Your own vacation land on the fabulous Lake of the Ozaiks in Central 
Missouri. Right in the heartland of America. Away horn cities nose, 
pollution and the rat-race of the workaday world. 

Forbes Inc., publishers oi Forbes Magazine, through ns subsidiary. 
Sangre de Crtsto Ranches Inc . is offering the opportunity of a bfethne for 
you lo acquire one or more acres oi our choice Missouri Lakeland 
There's no better time than ri^u now to Hnd out il Forbes Lake oi the 
Ctearksis the place lor you. AD ourhomesiles. including lake Iront and lake 
view, wifi be a minimum a ar oi one acre— rangng lo over three acres 
Cash prices start at $b.()f U One or more acres of ibis incredibly txuu&Ju) 
lakeland can be vours lor the modes! payment ol SbU pci month, with 
easy credit terms available. 

For complete Information, including pictures, maps and lull details 
on our liberal money back and eschonge privileges, please write In. 
Forbes Europe Inc. . Dept H. P O Bos Mb. London SW1 1 3UT England 
Obfan ine Piopenv Rnpc»i icvini-fl bv 1 odc-fjl ki* jiul n?.*1 it lirtrw 
sjqmrg anyinna No i (Metal agency has iituncri thQ nws » v..hx> it .mv 
ot th-s poverty E'TWt Cic-Uit and > fcsr.jnq Opportunity 



Vft 9ft 
8% BV. 
14ft 14ft 
3ft 3ft 
lft 1ft 



Wft- ft 


15ft— ft 

3ft + ft 

4ft— ft 
4ft— ft 



13ft + ft 
3Bft— ft 
ift + ft 
49ft— lft 
Tflft -6 ft 
15ft- ft 
19ft- ft 
39 -ft 
S - ft 
14ft— ft 

4ft— ft 
12ft- ft 
15ft— ft 
32ft- ft 
3ft— ft 

10W- ft 
11 — ft 

7ft + ft 
7ft- ft 
25V*— ft 

4ft + ft 
71fc +■ ft 
7ft— ft 

35 —lft 
eft— ft 
9ft- ft 



We inform the bondholders, that in 
accordance with the provisions of the 
above notes, Unquijo International 
N.V. has elected to redeem ail of its 
out s tanding notes above, on March 
25, 1985, al a redemption price of 

Interest on the bonds will cease to 
accrue on March 25, 1985. 

The bonds will be reimbursed, cou- 
pon nr 13 and followings attached 
according to the modalities of pay- 
ment on the reverse of the bonds. 

The fight was I 


15, avenue Emile Reuter 

18ft 18ft 

1 &!& 
9ft 9 
24 2 Ift 

37 37 

41 40ft 

44ft 43ft 
43ft 41ft 

43ft 43ft 
42 im iff* 
125 lft lft 
65 13ft im 
22 lft jft 
SSft 3Sft 
12ft 12ft 
im im 
3ft 3ft 
ft ft 
7<ft 7ft 
9ft 9ft 
1414 13ft 
2ft 2 
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trill appear on April 25 

• advertising information please coni 
Sallyann Chifa. 
International Herald Tribune, 

63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH, 
TeL: 01-836 4802 , Telex : 262009 
or your nearest IHT representative. 


Floating Rate Notes 

Feb, 21 




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Herni l 




(Continued From Back Page) 



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Smith Barney to Open 
New Office in Bahrain 

LONDON — Smith Barney 
Harris Upharo & Co. has nam ed 
John C. Richey to head its new 
representative office in Bahrain, 
which will focus on serving diems 
in the Gulf region. 

A spokesman for the New York- 
based securities -broker and finan- 
cial adviser said the new office. 
Smith Barney's first in the Middle 
East, would open within a month 
and concentrate on financial advi- 
sory activities and project finance. 

Mr. Richey currently is with 
Gulf International Bank in Bahrain 
as head of the Americas division. 
He joined the bank in 1978 and has 
served as head of the Middle East 
and Europe and Asia divisions. Be- 
fore joining Gulf International be 
was with Chase Manhattan Bank 
for 18 years. 

Commerzbank AG has appoint- 
ed Robert BrSunig its representa- 
tive for Canada. He moves to To- 
ronto from Commerzbank's 

Frankfurt head office, where he 
was manager of the investment 
banking department. Mr. firauoig 
succeeds Helmuth Martin, who is 
returning to West Germany for a 
new post within the Commerzbank 

Amsterdam- Rotterdam Bank NV 
plans to open a branch in Paris 
early this spring. The Amsterdam- 
based bank said the new branch, to 
he headed by SLA- van Valkenburg, 
will mainly be active in wholesale 
banking. Mr. van Valkenburg is 
currently Amro's relations manag- 
er, Europe. The bank will continue 
to bold its 18-percent stake in Ban- 
que Privee de Gestion Financifcre. 

Kansallis-Osake-Pankki, Fin- 
land's largest commercial bank, has 
appointed Ross Tanner senior 
manager, credits and marketing, in 
its London branch with effect from 
March 4. Mr. Tanner is currently 
business development manager in 

Peter Hoboes to Chair 
Shell Parent Firm 


LONDON — Shell Trans- 
port and Trading Co. said 
Thursday that Peter Holmes, a 
managing director of Royal 
Dutch/ Shell Group, will be- 
come chairman of Shell Trans- 
port when Sir Peter B. Baxcn- 
dell retires July 1. Shell 
Transport and Royal Dutch Pe- 
troleum Co. are the parent com- 
panies of the Royal/Dulch 
Shell Group. 

Lodewij C. van Wachcm, 
president of Royal Dutch Pe- 
troleum. will su cceed Sir Peter 
as chairman of the joint com- 
mittee of managing directors of 
the Royal Dutch/ Shell Group. 
Mr. Holmes will become vice- 
chairman of the committee. 

the London branch of Den Danske 
Bank. He takes over the responsi- 
bilities of Peter Fagemas. deputy 
general manager of the London 
branch, who is moving to New 

York to open a branch for KOP, 

, Atosx Ewrops has named Alain 
Sirantotne assistant controller. Mr. 
Sirontoine was formerly in the Par- 
is office of Coopers & Lybrand. 
Amax Europe is based in Paris and 
is pan of Atnax Intx. the U.S. naru- 

ment concern. _ 

MoU Polymers International 
I , in Brussels, has named Peter 
j c<wle vice president, in this post 
te will be responsible for sales and 
marketing in Europe, Africa, the 
Middle East, the Asia-Pacific and 
Latin America. Mr. Coyle formerly 
with Occidental Petroleum 
Com Separately, Mobil oa Nige- 
ria Ltd. in Lagos has appointed 
SJK. Adeyoyin to the new post of 

manager of marketing. 

Uzgrmm Guaranty Trust Co. of 

New York saw wenara ueiDnage 
has been appointed a senior vice 
President and on June 15 will be- 
borne assistant general manager of 
its London branch with responsi- 
bility for the operations, personnel 
and services, and financial divi- 
sions. Mr. DeUwidge amity. u 

comptroller of the bank and of its 
parent, J-P. Morgan & Co. 

Argentina’s Economic Chiefs 
Vow to Pay Overdue Interest 

Umtetl Press Inienuuaaal 
NEW YORK — Argentina has 
assured international banks that 
the country's promise to pay its 
overdue interest will be kept and 
has urged banks to extend as soon 
as possible £L2 billion in new loans 
agreed to by the bank committee in 

Juan Sourrouille, economy min- 
ister, and Alfredo Concepcion, 
president of the central bank, told 
the bank committee by telex 
Wednesday that the country “is de- 
termined to buQd upon die pro- 
gress that has been made through 
the government’s agreement with 
the Internationa] Monetary Fund 
and the commercial banks.'* 

The telex was the first official 
word from Argentina since late 
Monday, when Bernardo Grinspun 
and Enrique Garcia Vasquez re- 
signed as economy minister and 

central hank president respectively. 
The two had headed .Argentina’s 
debt negotiations with the IMF 
and the banks. 

Mr. Sourrouille and Mr. Con- 
cepcion said in their telex that u it is 
necessary that we complete the 
amount of $4.2 billion in commit- 
ment for the new money facilities.** 

The Argentine officials noted 
that $4.08 billion has been commit- 
ted to the new money package by 
327 of Argentina’s roughly 350 
lender hanks. But they said the pro- 
gram's success depends on the par- 
ticipation of all lenders. 

■ Loan for Dam Approved 

Banking sources said Thursday 
that the $33-million credit lead 
managed by Credit Lyonnais for 
Empresa Bi-Narional Yacyreta is 
the first new syndicated loan to 
Argentina for two years. Routers 
reported from Paris. 

Sale of Hughes Aircraft 
Clouded by Recent Woes 

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The Associated Press 

producers are eroding the onetime 
dominance or the U.S. civilian air- 
craft indusity by taking over much 
of the small plane market and ag- 
gressively challenging America’s 
jetliner manufacturers, according 
to a new study released Thursday. 

The report by the National 
Academy of Engineering urged a 
broad range of actions needed to 
protect U.S. manufacturers, in- 
cluding increased monitoring of 
trade agreements that involve air- 
craft sales and government loan 
support policies that "match those 
available to foreign competitors.*' 

The report comes as U.S. aircraft 
manufacturers, ranging from 
Boeing Co., which produces 60 per- 
cent of the world's jetliners, to u.S. 

Methanol Drive 

The Associated Press 

TOKYO — Thirty Japanese 
companies plan to form a joint 
company to promote a shift to ve- 
hicles using diesel-engine vehicles 
fueled by methyl alcohol. Trans- 
port Ministry officials said Thurs- 

The company, Japan Methanol- 
Fueled Vehicle Co., is to be set up 
in mid-March and capitalized at 
300 million yen (S1.I5 mMcm). 

The company will be owned by 
.30 private Japanese corporations. 

builders of small, private planes, 
are increasingly complaining about 
foreign competition. 

The Reagan administration add- 
ed to the concern of the industry 
earlier this month when it proposed 
elimination of S3.8 billion in direct 
Export-Import Bank loans for U.S. 
products sold to foreign buyers. 
VS. aircraft manufacturers are the 
leading beneficiaries or such loans. 

The report, which was conducted 
at the request of the National Aero- 
nautics and Space Administration, 
makes no direct reference to the 
adminis tration proposal to end the 
direct loans, but criticizes the "un- 
certain financing” from the Ex-lm 
Bank that, it says, has put U.S. 
manufacturers at a disadvantage. 

The report noted that the U.S. 
civilian aviation manufacturing in- 
dustry accounts for more than $17 
billion in total sales annually, ranks 
second only to agriculture in export 

2.. .2 *1 fiAA 

workers and has significant de- 
fense- related importance. 

Yet, the study said that a combi- 
nation of heightened international 
competition and the changes 
brought to the airline industry by 
deregulation have combined to 
erode the onetime U5. domination 
of aircraft manufacturing. 

The study notes the growth of 
Airbus Industrie, the European 
consortium which aggressively 
competes with Boeing around the 
world, and increased competition 
from Europe, Japan, Indonesia and 
Brazil in selling commuter and 
smaller, private aircraft 

(Continued from Page 13) 
concrete offers from its month-old 
review oT possible suitors. 

If the bidding is lukewarm, Mor- 
gan is authorized to put all of 
Hughes up for sale publicly. 

Hughes Aircraft gets about 80 
percent of its sales from the De- 
fense Department. 

A leader in laser-beam weapon- 
ry, it has 4,000 contracts and 1,500 
programs, and delivers 12.000 
products and services. None of its 
programs accounts for more than 6 
percent of total sales. 

The company has six divisions, 
each with more than $600 million 
in sales. The trustees have ruled out 
selling the divisions separately. 

Mr. White and other Hughes 
Aircraft executives say that the 
company has largely recovered 
from the shop-floor fumbling that 
plagued it throughout 1984. 

“It’s been a long, painful process 
for them, but I think they are on 
track. ” said one Army officer, who 
asked not to be identified. 

In August, the Defense Depart- 
ment suspended payments on three 
sophisticated missiles under con- 
tract to Hughes, dung “serious de- 
ficiendes in Hughes* quality assur- 
ance system" at its missile 
assembly plant in Tucson, Arizona. 

The three missiles were the Phoe- 
nix-C, a long-range, air-to-air Navy 
missile; the Maverick, an infrared- 
guided, air-to-ground- Air Force 
missile, and the TOW, a wire-guid- 
ed anti-tank Army missile. 

Hughes engineers also fell 
months behind schedule on a $557- 

million contract to develop and 
bnfld a highly sophisticated, snr-to- 
air xmssOe with birili-in radar. 

The missile, called Amrawp (for 
advanced medium-range, air-to-arr 
missile), is meant for use on F-14, 
F-I 5 , F-16 and F-18 aircraft, as 
web as planes used by the United 
Slates' uiies in the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization. 

fiuguwo a wauiw “ir; 

uix-C and Mflvenck. nussflcsinDO" 
cember. TOW output began last 


As for Amraam, the Air Force 
expects its planes to begin carrying 
the new missiles in 1988, about, p 
months behind schedule. 

Mr. White said that the compa- 
ny's sales last year were flail*- 
cause its troubles caused it to M 
about $500 million short in Penta- 
gon revenues. He emphasized l&t 
Hughes expected to recoup wuSi 
of the sales this year. 

Hughes built products with '.a 
sales value of $5.8 billion last year, 
he said, a fact not totally reflected . 
in sales figures since some of fte 
output went into inventories. . . 

The Defense Departraeil 
seemed unperturbed by Hughes^ 
difficulties last year. The company 
recorded a 28-percent increase in 
new orders in 1984, to $6 bflBqh. 
The backlog of orders grew 9 per- 
cent, to $12 billion. 

Mr. White said that Hughes is 
now bidding on six major govern- 
ment contracts, including a Sl-bfl- 
lion program to redesign the air- 
traffic control system for the 
Federal Aviation Administration. 

Boston Bank Says 'Mistake’ 
Led To Dealings with Mob 

The Associated Press 

BOSTON — - The First National 
Bank of Boston broke its silence 
Thursday on its multi-million-dol- 
lar dealings with the Angiulo fam- 
ily, blaming several mid-level em- 

ihat may have allowed the bank to 
unwittingly be used by organized 

The chairman, William L. 
Brown, said that the bank gained 
nothing — “not one dime, not one 
gratuity" — by its dealings with the 
family of Getuaro J. Angiulo, who 
has been identified by federal au- 
thorities in court records as a leader 
of an organized crime syndicate in 
New England. 

Mr. Brown said that branch em- 
ployees made an innocent mistake 
and used “very poor judgment” 
when they placed two real estate 
companies owned by the Angiulos 

on a list that exempted their huge 
cash transactions from government 

He said if the Angiulos, who con- 
ducted $7 J million in transactions’ 
at the bank between 1979 and 1983, 

organized crime money, than the 
bank was unwillingly used for un- 
lawful purposes. 

The Bank of Boston was fined 
$500,000 two weeks ago after 
pleading guilty to not reporting 
$1.2 billion in cash transactions 
with nine foreign banks. 

[The Securities and Eichanp* 
Commission is investigating Bank 
erf Boston and Provident institu- 
tion for Savings for possible federal' 
securities violations in accepting 
Large amounts of cash from the 
Angiulo family. United Press Inter- 
national reported.] 



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I r 


blond ie 

! 1 AMP AS 
7 Snffra offl f 

, Bloomer 

U MaifanUlan's 
.. empress 

U Queued up 
. It Brooklyn 
Dodgers, to 
v -Roger Kahn 

' U “ a man 

’ with . . ” 

11 Oust 

- 3» NOW aim 
: 21 Repute 

22 Conspiracy 
* 22 Inventor of a 
steam engine 

24 Suggestion - 

25 “When the 

frost the 

punkin . . ." 

2t Hawkins 


. 27 Strikebreaker 
,28 Solemn 






■ 82 “Esse ' 

Videri" (motto 

. 33 Ceramic chip 
35 Equivoque 
. 38 Mulligan 

48 Pep 

1 41 Design 

42 Beseech 

43 Jewish month 

44 W.W.IIvice 

45 Stratagem 

48 Tiniest 



48 Haze’s cousin 

48 First mistress 

53 “The 

1928 song 

54 N.H.L. teem 

55 Walked 

56 Take umbrage 


1 Fall mo. 

2 Coptic dialect 
of Egypt 

3 Fine violin 

4 Teapot Dame 

5 Entrench 

6 Poland China’s 

7 Late photog- 
rapher Adams 

8 Heavy 


9 Winged or 


10 Summer 

11 Seat belts help 
overcome this 


12 Make 
14 “Toevery 



thing ttereu BEETLE BAILEY 


15 The pipes 

17 Filmic 
"Incident” of 

21 B»r|nmimn^ 

22 Polite 



28 Overwhelming 

29 Cottontail 
.31 He played 


32 Mercy 
S3 Conspicuous 

34 He man! 

35 Tartan 



38 Oriental 

39 View from 
Ttoern Abbey 

40 Certain 

41 Ride a bicycle 
44 Pelf 

47 Caustic 

48 Arizona’s Lost 

50 Conceit 

51 Tug of 

52 Q-U linkage 

GO lt4& 


in sarse's helmet 
right before the 




© New York Tenet, edited by Eugene M alea k a. 


THE CHIP: How Two Americans In- 
vented die Microchip and Launched 
a Revolution 

By T.R. Reid. 243 pp. $15.95. 

Simon & Schuster, 1230 Avenue of 

the Americas, - 

New York, N. Y. 10020. 

Reviewed by 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

F IRST there was the breakthrough and 
then there was (he problem. The break- 
through was the invention in 1947 of the tran- 
sistor. which offered a faster, smaller, cheaper 
way erf performing the various functions of the 
vacuum tube. “It was,” asT. R. Rddpuisitm 
this delightful celebration of technological in- 
genuity, “a s eminal event of postwar science, 
one of those rare developments that changes 

The problem was that to fulfill the promise 
of the transistor, you had to connect them to 
various components in an electric rimiiL This 
could mean a lot erf connections: “A circuit 
with 100$00 components could easily require 
1 milt i nn different soldered connections unk- 
ing the components,” Reid writes. "The only 
myJiin? that could matt* the connections was 
the human hand.” This, to say the very least, 
was impractical The technical journals, after a 
time of euphoria over the transistor, began to 
refer to *The interconnections problem” or 
“the numbers barrier” or “the tyranny of num- 

Then in the late 1950s, two American inven- 
tors named Jack Sl Chur RQby and Robert 
Norton Noyce separately got what textbooks 
have since come to call the Monolithic Idea, 
which was to miniaturize the components and 
place them in a single medium so that no 
handmade connection, had to be introduced. 
As Noyce recorded it in a lab notebook, “it 
would be desirable to make multiple devices on 
a single piece of silicoa, in order to be able to 
make mterconnections between devices as part 
erf the manufacturing process, and thus reduce 
size, weight, etc as well as cost per active 
dement” Eventually the idea would yield the 
“monolithic integrated dreuit,” better blown 
as the semiconductor chi p, or microchip — the 
little rectangular' block with a dozen or so 
metallic legs that lies at the heart of almost 
every electronic appliance these days. 

Rad, a reporter ami columnist for The 

Solution to Previous Puzzle 

1 Sl Hi A 1 SIT I 

□□□ □□□ 
□ □[!□□□ □□□□□□□□ 
□DBDQQ □□□□□□□□ 

CGQC3 □□□ otaanna 
naaaaa □□□□ 
□ccddo aanaao 
GDoman □□□ gacaa 
Et3Q0 naasQ □□□□ 
□□□□an □□□□□ 
E 0 H 0 aansaa 
□□□□□□ aan 
□CDDQnnn □□□□□a 

Washington Post, does a splendid job of ex- 
plaining bow all this tame about- He is good at 
constructing homey metaphors. “Buudtng a 
c feonit is tikg building a sentence,” be writes in 
Ins ope ning chapter, “The Tyranny of Num- 
ber” ‘There are certain standard components 
—nouns, verbs.' adjectives in a sentence; resis- 
tors, capacitors, diodes, and transistors in a 
circuit — each with its own function.” He 
makes us understand what these components 
actually da 

He is good at putting big ideas into small 
packages. For instance, he makes the pant 
that m one respect, “the electronic revolntion 
of the 20th century is the intellectual minor 
jpi flgp of the biological revolution of the 19th. 
Only after they became reconciled to enor- 
mously long periods of time — milli ons and 
millions of years, enough time for a dynohip- 
pus to turn into a donkey — could Damn and 
ois contemporaries contemplate species evolv- 
ing on an evolving planet Only after they 
became reconciled to enormously short periods 
of time — microseconds, nanoseconds, pico- 
seconds — could the computer 

m| i |s| 



computer operations is that the machines oper- 
ate inconceivably fast Speed is the computer's 
secret weapon.” 

The only disappointing part of “1116 Chip” 
is that it never bothers to describe how silicon 
circuitry has achieved its amazing miniaturi ze- 
tion. Perhaps this subject involves industry 
secrets or is simply too abstruse to explain, bat 
Reid does not even touch on ft. Instead he 
veers off imo an account of how the Japanese 
eventually caught up and passed the United 
States in the production of microchips and of 
what U. Sl industry is doing to regain its hold 
on the market And be ends by paying final 
visits to both his inventors. 

This is rewarding too, of course. Despile not 
being household names like Thomas Edison 
and Alexander Graham BdL the two men who 
launched what some call the second industrial 
revolution are unusual Noyce, who helped 
found the Intel Coro. and became in the pro- 
cess “seriously rich, is now “the elder states- 
man” of California's Silicon Valley and “the 
official voice of his industry,” but he still takes 
time off for hobbies ranging from hang gliding 
to gardening. 

Kilby has left Texas Instruments, which un- 
derwrote his development of the microchip 
and the pocket calculator, and has gone back 
to fre elanc e inventing. He is working on solar 
energy. He also took three years to develop an 
“electronic intercept” that, according to Rad, 

cafll^one you wantto take.”ItisWtent No. 
3,955.354, “System for disabling incoming 
telephone calk” I assume this makes it possi- 
ble to tefl who is calling you and then to cut off 
the ring without the caller knowing you have 
done so. This strikes me as hostile; an answer- 
ing machine at least gives the caller a chance to 
leave a message- I am cheered to learn that 
Kilby's phone device has proved a dud on the 
market so far. As 'The Chip” richly demon- 
strates, his thinking may be too productive to 
be interrupted. But for the rest of us, an occa- 
sional unwanted message won't hurt, even if it 
conies in the middle of reading a book as 
absorbing as “The Chip.” 

Christopher Lehmann - Haupt is on die staff of 
The New York. Times. 


* Fm not afraid of the dark. 


Unscramble these lour Jumbles, 
one letter to each oquare, to tarn 
four ordinary wonts. 

t by Hanri Arnold and Bob Lae 
■ — -■ ■■ l 

Sorry. I've dunged my mind 






BUT that process cp 









By Alan Truscott 

O N the diagramed deal. 
North’s response of two 
no-trump was standard, show- 
ing opening bid values and 
stoppers in the unbid suits. 
South took a shot at six dia- 
monds. and pointed in his 
post-mortem that East-West 
could have saved in six spades. 
That would have cost at most 
900 points. 

Since there is only one dis- 
card available, it might seem 
that South was doomed to lose 
a heart trick and a club trick, 
even with the club lung favor- 
ably placed. But we can work 
out what must have happened 
after the lead of the sp3dejadc. 
The first chance was to take 

If he 

xLh would 

the free finesse of the spade 
queen in the hope lhar West 
had led from tne king. Not 
unexpectedly. East produced 
the king and South ruffed. 

Dummy was entered with a 
Uump lead and a low heart was 
led. East was now the victim of 
what is nowaday; 

“Morton’s Fork Couj 
pul up his ace, Soul 
eventually discard two clubs 
from his hand on major-suit 
winners in dummy. When he 
ducked. Sooth won with the 
king, entered dummy with a 
trump, and threw his remain- 
ing heart on the spade ace. 

The defense made a dub 
trick, but that was aH In the 
fullness of time, a club was 
ruffed in dummy to make the 
slam. The key play was the 

preservation of the spade ace 
until South knew which dis- 
card he needed. 

♦ AQ6 





:F II! IF' 

*M 4 it 1076 






NeM» aide mu vobrnMe. 'lb* 

EM SotHb WM North 

Pom 1© Pom 3N.T. 

Pom 6$ Pool Pom 

West led tteqpode Jack. 





Now arrange the circled letters to 
form the surprise answer, as sug- 
gested by the atwe cartoon. 

a®®: rx i XI > °uaLixxj 

(Answers tomorrow) 


Answer: Some people rngMYtae hotter It they'd learn 

to do this 





























Costa (Ml Sol 








era aba rah 





Frank tart 















Lax Palmas 























































































Hone Ko»o 




Sham hoi 

C F 
34 93 
-4 25 
10 W 
34 93 

C F 
25 77 
-10 14 
12 54 
91 75 





Copt Toon 

24 75 W 50 

4 25 -10 14 

5 41 

30 St _ . 

16 41 H 54 
14 57 6 41 

0 33 
25 77 



13 55 6 

23 73 13 

24 75 1* 

14 41 0 

31 M 17 
35 77 11 
13 55 t 


Bwaacjurai 37 99 M 

Sea Pauls — — — 


24 7S 4 

J3 ft 2T 











23 73 U 57 el 
in-showers. HMnaw; M-uannv. 

maw Yam 
San Francises 
W o Hi Baton 

U -» 

64 5 

45 -a 

43 0 

39 *4 
4* rf 

B s 

78 1? 

43 cl 
5$ fr 
61 fr 

44 0 
9) tr 

ai o 

a lr 

44 o 

75 If 

— no 
43 rr 
ST a 

— no 

10 cl 
41 lr 

27 fr 
33 r 
25 sc 
25 Cl 
<B tr 
51 d 

27 -W 
79 17 

34 Cl 
14 SM 
43 PC 
32 fr 

o-overcasL ac-aartly cloudy: 

14 lr 

34 _*! 

— Smooth. FRANKFURT: Partly ctaudV- 
jJJyJk.L, LONDON: Partly ctoudv. Time i-«q faiai 

U3-^ HMfSwsKX.-WSnSi 

II — 7 1 ci -uf Ti^<dr ; T*ma. 4*— - 7 141 — loj. ROME: Portly cloudy. Toma. 

Toma i^Tti VJmg-y Jenw «- H #-.£>. ZURICH; 

te-fta5Ei,a«r" ! 

Wirid Stock Markets 

V ia Agence France-Presse Feb. 21 

dosing prices in local airrmcus unless otherwise indicated. 



AH om Bub 

Buebm uum T 

Co land HMa 



Glil Bracndos 


I .M oaov on o 



Nat N odder 


Oco Vendor C 




Royal Dutch 
Van Om moron 
VMF Stork 


173 173 

10940 107* 
31S-S0 2IO 
214M 21550 
7.00 I 
75-10 7550 
ISO 14850 
94 9250 
1520 3530 
114 11450 
9850 9750 
19IJ0 18950 
1S7.90 154.90 
42^0 41.10 
5820 5420 

SO 48 

27a«0 27920 
173 174J0 

303 30150 

71 70M> 

6020 59,90 
7AM 74 

13450 138.10 
49.90 4950 
4AID 4420 
20490 20530 
342J0 J40J0 
2840 28J0 
148 148M 

306 20750 

ANPX8S CMWr lntfu : 26150 
prey Mas :3HM 




Cocker I ll 








Soc Generate 



Traction Elec 
VMIIa Montopne 

1715 174S 
5100 5030 
280 383 

2900 3845 
3980 2940 
3150 TOW 
3810 3740 
5840 5UQ 
7950 7840 
7080 7050 
1930 t920 
7500 7500 
4215 4160 
4120 4Q45 
5590 5540 

Stock CxcbwfM ladax : 732125 
Pray km : 33MJ4 


Clew- Prey. 
Ktoeckner Weeks 7220 7460 

KruppStaM B1J0 r 

Und* 434 477 

Lufthansa ioojo 19150 

MAN 157 15750 

Mo nn eomm 154J0 15*20 
MetaUoesetlicftQft 240 3*5 

Mwmcn.Ruock i2J8 ns4 

Preutoo® 361-20 26X50 

Ruetaers Werk# 334 344 

RWE 1S95D 16350 

5cherlna 468 477 

543 541 

102M 150 

177 15X50 
164-30 148 

12X20 173 

19* t97 

Cmmnenhanfc Index : 1.17U8 
Prey law : 1.I8BM 















SA Brews 

Sl Helena 


715 715 

1000 1000 
1430 1650 
6750 4900 
1240 1710 
2700 2700 
2650 2650 
975 985 

5335 5550 
1440 1440 
410 610 

3385 3450 
570 572 

composite Shut Index S951J0 
Pi t vl o us : 959-M 


Allianz Vers 



Barer Xtypo. 



Ccm m er t wnk 
Daimler Benz 

Doutsche Batndt 
Deutsche Bank 

Drmdnor Bank 

DUD Schuttie 






Kail + 3oU 




111 113 

1031 1036 
192.90 1900 
19690 201 

311 31750 

W 3BU0 
12190 12290 
453 459 

356 39 

165 168 
40499 40790 
192 195 

160 16690 
460 467 

in 19UI 
10790 1 10 

3W 394A0 
168 I71J0 
34790 272-50 
22390 222 

222 324.76 

259 34090 



Anoki Am GaM 








BOC Grain 

BawOtof lndua 

Brit Homo SI 

Brit Telecom 



Cadbury Sctre 

Chartor Cons 

Coots Patoru 

cam GaM 



De Bears* 





Free Sf Ccd 



Chwat 1 
Grand Mel 

*11 to 811 ft 
177 176 


143 14< 

614 412 

507 511 

361 353 

19 K1 

238 340 

37 37 

2*7 299 

167 141 

344 244 

568 566 

244 243 

125 125V3 

641 tC 

31* 216 

in 173 

201 203 

159 151 

507 514 

149 144 

501 501 

438 455 

284 288 

<24 S3A 

4495 44 

293 291 

S! S22U 

300 196 

210 208 

51/6411 51/64 

301 300 

1 mas 

Lloyds Bank 




















Marks and Sp 
Metal Bax 
Midland Bank 
Not West Bank 

Ratal Elect 
Rood Inti 
Rnyjjl Dutch t 



Std Chartered 
Tato and Lyle 
Thom EMI 
T.l. group 
Trotolaar Hw 

Unilever t 
United Biscuit* 
War Loan 3Va t 
Wool worth 

132 130 

416 413 

337 337 

461 642 

DOB 308 

132 176 

206 MO 

sasvt I97W 

350 350 

552 * 554 

Z73 341 

49V. 501732 

652 6 64 

TNI 771 


437 447 

va 238 

148 149 

205 205 
11S611 47/64 

206 211 

346 344 

S3St& S34 

saw s29u> 

34Sf. 34*4 

566 573 

17 1719 

F.TM index : HW 
Previous : 98198 

II 11 






Fermi tat fa 







411® 43950 





879® 839901 

87300 STSSOi 












r ji 







lr"/ T 1 1 




MIB Index ;1JS» 

Pnrtan :U48 


Air LkJUWe 


















Cl ub Mad 































Nerd- Est 



Rod lot row 
Reused Udol 
Skis Rrcofenol 
Sour .Pender 

Thomson C5F 

Aoefl Index ; 2 
Previous :M1 j 

CAC index: 


Alla Laval 



AHas Copco 







Soon- Scon lo 









N i?l 



















Pravioas: 39998 









Co mol go 








AN Ordtoartas Udax : 79548 
Previews 179996 
Source: Reuters. 


Nippon Stool 
Nippon Vuaen 
Nomura Sec 

Sumitomo Bank 
Sumitomo Chem 
Sumitomo Metal 
Taisei Carp 
Totoho, Marine 

Tokyo Elec. Power 
Tokyo Marine 
Tortnr Ind 
YamaicM See 

640 613 

147 1 

238 231 

4 IS 403 
990 *41 

7410 1430 
928 932 

1040 1060 
4400 4390 
1790 1770 
210 210 
145 145 

198 118 

400 386 

114 825 

439 440 

1500 1530 
756 747 

42* 426 

434 430 
1330 133B 

435 597 

I Taro® 

• Feb. 21 1 

AsaM Glass 
Bank ol Tokyo 

Dal Nippon Print 
DaFwo Haase 
Full Bank 


MkkaHXJ. Index : 1X128A4 
Pravtons : 1X15297 

New todox : 9*198 
Frevtoos: M795 




Japan AIM 

Bank Leu 
1 Brawn Sower! 
ICRxi Getov 

credH Suisse 
I Ele u ti u y» ul l 
Gpore FTeeher 


Kao Soap 
Kawasaki Steel 
Kirin Bre w e r y 
Komatsu ltd 

Mofsu Elec. 1 nett 

Matsu Elec. Works 
Mitsubishi Bank 
MltsutXihf Chem 
Mitsubishi Elec 
Mitsubishi Heavy 
Mitsubishi Cara 
Mitsui raw co 

Landis Gyr 


Swiss Volksbra* 
union Bank 
Zurich ins 

SBC Index : 432.10 
Prevktos : *7190 

'nA: m auefia; njl: V 
awaNabia: xd: axHKvkNnd. 



3425 2470 
2705 26M 
745 752 

6400 6435 
1970 2970 

1490 1680 

*410 6350 

£3 ^ 

7975 mo 

3750 3700 
342 347 

369 349 

1150 IMS 
1505 1500 
3670 3670 
4250 42*5 

20600 2QS9D 

W est Germany’s Car Sales Improve 


FRANKFURT — West Ger- 
man domestic-car sales recovered 
slightly in January after three 
months of falling orders but this 
should not yet be seen as a reversal 
o f the recent downward trend, a 
spokesman lor the auto industry 
association VDA said Thursday. 

The spokesman said a small rise 
in domestic demand was due to the 
comparison with December, when 
sales fell sharply, adding that do- 
mestic weakness continues partial- . 
ly offset by exports. 

VDA's January statistical analy- 
sis of demand and production said 
exports totaled 227,000, up 14.4 
percent from December and 24 
percent from January 1984. It gave 
no new figures for domestic orders, 
but last month it said orders in 

December fell 25 percent on the 
■year ago month. 

Spokesmen for some of West 
Germany's major car-producing 
firms sard domestic doua&d did 
pick op somewhat in January de- 
spite severe winter weather. 

Mwtfreal RA 21 

”S!sr won ’ 

13000 Con Bafti 
49lS* DomTxtA 
4400 Mn> Tret 
32677 NatBkCda 
7N9 Promt Corn 
12500 ReUondA 
>1173 Rarbl Bank 
4375 RoyTrstco 
240 3teW*reA 
Totol Sain 2931921 

Indsstrtats index: 

Htok LowetOHCSB* 
S271k 26fk 37 
529 29 29 

SUM MM ten+ « 

SUM Uh 114b- Vh 
S15W 15V* 15V* 

*16% lit* 16 Vj — V. . 
13916 29 29 —M 

SDK 30 m 

*20 V. 2616 20V. 

S3DM 33V. ]04b- 16 
W 5316 34 * M 




Canadim storks via AP 

2391 Atm Pros 
2700 At* lands 
*600 Asm CO E 
1490 Aoro Ind A 
136TB AH Enarev 
500 Alto Nat 
830 A loo Cant 
1296 Atooma St 
2700 AnOrS WAI 
5*340 Arson 
42 Arum Cor 
200 Asbestos 
T3WO Atcoll 
730 BP Canada 
3Z7S6 Braik BC 

103548 Bank NS 

IOOOO Barrtck a 

300 Baton AI 
7 4023 Bonanza A 
3000 Brotarne 

6400 Brwnakra 

1060 Brenda M 
19662 BCFP 
61450 BCROS 
36579 BC Pham 
7200 Brunswk 
53883 CAE 
3400 Cad Fry 
31 75c Nor West 
405B Can Trust 
1500 C Tuna 
150 CGE 
46033 Cl Bk Coat 
3200 Cdn Nat Ris 
64*88 CTIraAf 
6IHC Util B 
1300 Cora 
100 Ceten 175 p 


K0 Conventr* 




5gOConrcnA ■ 

MSI Cftrtmx \ 

45000 Czar Rl 

72B27 DaonDev 

V*27S Dpnfaum A 

2045B Dertaan 8 } 

14900 Dlcknsn At 

47BB Dtckicxi B 

23BQ DOrton A 


14J4DU Pont A 

Elcthom x 
3480Q EaultvSvr 
■■I FCA mtl 
C Fclead C 
FarRy Rks 



7300 Gendls A 
33196 Gaoc Comp 
4W2GPPC rude 
un GBroftor 
5000 Grand mo I 
U76SGL Forest *89 
TW3I Padfte HHM 
4120H Group A 
OOOHrdlftO A t 
31® Hawksr 
50*1 Hayes D 
993 H Bay Co 
14915 imascs 
2310 indol 
3® Inoils 
1180 Irdand Cos 
14700 inti Thom 
18589 inter PIpo 
1700 Jomod: 

HIM Law Close aw 

S44W 44 44 

*17 16M 16M — ft 

513ft 13ft 13ft— ft 
Mft 6ft Aft 
S20VI 20ft 30ft + ft 
515ft 15ft 15ft 
S20 19M 20 

522ft 22ft 22ft 
SHft 2«ft 24ft— ft 
S18ft IB Tift + ft 
siift lift nib- ft 
*7 7 7 

*9 Bft 9 —ft 
*26ft 26ft 26ft + ft 

56 5ft 5ft— ft 

*13M 13ft 13ft— ft 
138 133 133 — S 

S16M 16ft 16ft 

410 485 410 

S5V* 5ft 5ft + ft 
SI 7ft 171k 17ft + ft 
SITft 11 11 — ft 

1ft 11 11 — ft 

240 248 +8 

96ft Aft 
*15 15 

an, 24ft 24ft— ft 
130 79ft 39ft 
*32 31ft 31ft— ft 
Si 5ft 15 15 — ft 

*63 63 63 + ft 

S3? 30ft 30ft— ft 
30 X 30 
59ft toy 9ft 
514ft 16ft 16ft 
•lift lift 1tft+ ft 

57 7 7 

S171»i 17ft 17ft— ft 
541M 39ft 39ft- ft 

ia a t&zt 
? a 

3E5 275 285 +10 

*12 12 12 
I17ft 17H T7ft+ ft 
145 163 165 4-2 

345 335 33S — 5 

400 360 380 +30 

514ft 14ft 14ft— ft 


S1» 13ft 13ft— ft 
Vft+ ft 

6ft + ft 



S9ft m . 

55 475 490 —22 

*Sft S 5b+ ft 

260 255 25 —10 

S2Bft 27M 28ft 4- ft 
S17 16ft 16ft 
*39 2Bft 39 + ft 
SAft 6ft i 
xim lift i 
57ft 7 

*22 21ft _ . „ 
Ji rv liw ibw— ft 

998 9Rk 96 ft— ft 
M 260 260 -5 
522 21ft » + ft 
SZIft 2IW 21M 
*12 lift lift- ft 
JlfM lift IBM- ft 

^ am am 

528 27ft ® +ft 
nto 12ft— ft 
2i3 xst 20 * d 

*28M_ Wb* 7 mSSV ** 

534ft 24ft 24K 

iS m W i^ 

*2]M 21ft 21 ft— ft 
25ft Kft + .ft 
17ft T7ft 
52ft 52M 
14ft 14ft 
14M 14M+ M 
15ft 15ft— ft 
9 9 —ft 

53% 33ft + ft 
521ft Blft 21ft— ft 
SlZft 13 12 — ft 



1500 Korn Kjotto 
5400 KolMy H 

7512 Kerr Add 
31889 Lobon 
14941 LoCMnrtk 
6300 LOnt com 

2027 LL Lac 
13530 Labtow CP 

3500 MICC 
7400 Melon H X 
1® McGrow H 
17580 MarfandE 
8058 Matson A I 
T450 MolKin B 
500 Nabnat L 
50689 Naranda 
3007 Naram 
71115 NvaAltAf 
61220 NuWstspA 
1*50 PanCOn P 
900 Pembina 
2500 Phonbc OB 
12® Plm Point 
2oso Place GO o 

1 1661 Placer 

508D0 Prov too 
3500 cue Slurao 
9500 Rare PM 
2000 Ravrock I 
8300 Redmtti 
B4630 Rd StsnhsA 
18630 RatctoioW 
97300 Res Sarvl 
517B R*vn Pro A 
2« Rogers A 
2791 R o man 

183 1® 1® 

538 37ft 38 + ft 
SlAft M 74>4— ft 
525ft 24ft 25 
527ft 27ft 27ft— ft 
111ft lift lift 
510ft 10ft 10ft- ft 
529ft 29ft 29ft— ft 
119ft 19ft T9ft + ft 
520ft 20 20ft + ft 
230 225 225 — T 

536 2Sft 34 
522 22 22 

420 415 420 

516ft 16ft 16ft 
*l*ft 14ft 16ft 
522b 22 
526 ft 26 _ 

AM Itft II 
*14*1 14ft 14 ft 
57ft 6ft " 

522 21 

68 65 

SS 490 


22 + V. 
26 ft + ft 


65 — 1 
490 - 5 

55ft 490 5ft -t 27 
52SU. 28ft 28ft- ft 
517ft 17ft 17ft 

7V1 7ft + ft 
527 27 27 — C 

105 105 105 -1 

524 2W4 23ft— ft 

g a +? 

390 370 370 —20 

SSft 5ft 5ft+ ft 

T V. 



23® SCOtts f 
4253 Sear* Con 
47341 Shall Can 
400 Stoma 
12440 Stator Bf 
147DQ Sauthra 
2950 Sl Bradcst 
34287 StotCPA 
27® Sulplro 


227® Tara 
56327 Tex Con 
18700 Thom N A 
33037 Tor Dm Bk 

146® Taretor B r 

41WTrlnliY rk 
26493 TmAHaUA 
7433 Trl mac 
1378® Turbo f 
19® l/nlcarp A f 
nuti Carted 
354437 U EMarM 
30® V Kona 
134® Varan At 
3500 VS ' 


40® II 

24480 Wastmin 
1345 Weston 
13344 WOOdralA 
30® Vk Boar 


*35 34 34ft + f 

522ft 22ft 22ft + ft 
51 4ft 14ft 14ft 
282 1® 798 +5 

1 ® 118 1 ® + 9 

» ."1 W 

niM lift lift 

547ft 47ft «2Vj + u 
55ft 5ft 5ft+ u 

« T r*!s 
^ teg 

58ft Bft 8ft + ft 
*1116 I OH I0ft_ £ 
557 56ft 57 +2 
*1216 12ft 12ft + vv 
CTft Oft 22ft_ JJ 

J2S 325 » 

^ T 3^+ » 

95 92 95 +3 

51 9ft 19 19V] + tr. 

rs 1 TM 12 ^ 

510ft 1OT* I0ft_ ^ 

460 458 440 

Mft S=% 

q 1 1={ 

64 57 

S 8 H 8 ft 8 H+ t. 
511ft lift 12 

SITft 12 ft iStg 

HI* Bft -» 

w* nfc oft- ,r 

I® wo loo^ ^ 


m is? 8ssi!* 


30® Yk Boor 511ft lift ft 

Total sale* 10270819 shares ,, * l+ "6 

n *ll£ 

TSE3® tadejc 




Chitalada Retains Flyweight Title 

i T'i .. 


\ '* r-^i. 

•; ■■- ; 

r : ;^± I 

United Press International 

LONDON — Sot Chitalada of 
■Thailand retained ihe World Box- 
ing Council flyweight title by stop- 
ping Charlie Magn of Britain in the 
fourth round Wednesday night. 

But one member of die champi- 
on's entourage was a big loser for 
‘the night, a pickpocket staling a 
•check for 95,000 pounds 
’(5103,265), more than 5880 in cash 
and numerous credit cards as die 
group struggled from locker room 
'to ring through the crowd at Alex- 
andra Poviliaa. 

The fight was halted by MagrTs 
. comer men he sustained a cut on 
. bis eyelid. The opening rounds had 
. -been even, but MagrTs face became 
covered with blood during the 
■fourth round, when the fighters 
butted heads. 

The victory for Chitalada. 22, 
rook his record to 22 triumphs in 23 
fights. Magri is 29-4. 

Edward Thangaraj ah, a Bangkok 
journalist who helped revive 
Qocensbury rules of boxing in 
Thailand, where kick-boxing is 
popular, had the check, money and 
credit cards in his wallet when he 
joined Chhalada’s procession to 
the ring. 

“I was in the champion’s dress- 
ing room before the fight helping 
him dress” and went out with him 
toward the ring, Thangaraj ah said. 

‘The spotlight was on Chitalada, 
but I fell behind in the surge of the 
crowd and suddenly I felt some- 
body puffing at my right hip podc- 
et I then gave chase to die man. He 
clambered across a row of seats and 
forced his way out of a side door. 

but I was too slow and lost track of 

The theft was immediately re- 
ported to the police and to the 
fight's promoter, Frank Warren, 
who was to refund the check before 
Chrtalada's party left for home Fri- 

Thangaraj ah said he was gong 
to use the money to take bis 80- 
year-old mother on a trip to 
Lourdes, France, from her home in 
southern Englan d. 

The theft was the second of its 
kind at recent title fights in Britain. 
When CoKn Jones fought Don 
of the United States for the 
welterweight title in Bir- 
mingham last month, several mem- 
bers of Jones's group had their wal- 
lets stolen as they were buffeted en 
route to the ring. 

Wade Boggs 

Alvin Davis 

Kent Hrbek 

Juan Samuel 

Ryne Sandberg 

i u -. ? Hi 

• J$P 
- ---* ssfc: 

I: ■- . sag 

LV:!; 2 $ 



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Baseball Er The Dreams and Despairs Spring Eternal 

. Sot Chitalada after retaining his flyweight title with a victory over Charlie Magri, at right 

By Thomas Boswell 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — If the per- 
fect preamble to baseball spring 
training could be concocted, what 
would it entail? 

What would have to happen to 
get us even more excited than usual 
at the prospect of pitchers and 
catchers reporting to Florida and 
Arizona this week? 

For starters, it would be great if 
the off-season had been filled with 

big twH« and the Runnin g o gning 

of free agents. Teams that were a 
little too good last year would have 
to be taken down a notch, while 
dubs on the rise or those making a 
comeback would have to be helped. 

We would want the New York 
teams, the Mels and the Yankees. 
10 come up with new stars, sue h as 
Gary Carter and Rickey Hender- 

Of course, we'd also get delight 
out of seeing some perennial near- 

mios reams acquire the missing 

lints they needed. Such as the At- 
lanta Braves stealing relief pitcher 
Bruce Sutter from the St. Louis 
rairimflls for $9 million, or the 
Toronto Bine Jays somehow trad- 
ing for a bullpen of fiQl CaudQl and 
Gary Lavdle. 

What a bonus it would be if the 
dethroned world champions of 
1983, the Baltimore Orioles, finally 

Celtics Find Reason to Cheer in Losing to Nuggets 

.■ .1 

Lot Angeles Times Service 

DENVER — The rap against the 
Boston Celtics, as they try to de- 
fend ifair National Basketball As- 
sociation title, has been their lack 
of depth. Most of the season, their 


coach, K.G. Jones, has been relying 
rai six players to get the job done. 

Although they have been mostly 
successful, the Celtics did so partly 
becanse they avoided injury and 
had their six men in good health. 

Now it turns oat that Jones may 
have more manpower than anyone 
thought. As the Critics dosed out 
their toughest trip of the season, 
playing- their srtb in nine 
nights Wednesday in Denver, they 
woe musing four players, indna- 
mg injured starters Cedric Maxwell 
and Robert Parish. Maxwell, who 
bad been placed on the injured re- 
serve fist, was to have arthroscopic 
, sragay on Ms -left knee Friday. 

And only a great performance by 
-die Nuggets' 15-year pro, Dan Is- 
sd, preventedthe Critics from win- 

bsd, 36, who will retire after this 
season, bade farewell to the Critics 
by scoring six of his 22 points i n the 
-last three infantes, leaning Denver 
to a 132-129 victory. It was the 
Hoggets' 12 th consecutive victory 
at home and fifth in a row overall 

They overcame another tremen- 
dous performance by Larry Bird, 

. who, playing all but two mrnntes, 

got 40 paints, 9 rebounds and 6 

The Celtics also were without 
. Mi. Carr and Quinn Buckner, and 
they lost Janes when he was ejected 
on technical fools in the second 
period. But they made h a contest 
aS the wayJs fact. Bird and Kerin 
~7*cHaIehad them m from by four 
points with four minutes left. 

At this point they seemed to run 

out of gas in the face of the sharp- 
shooting of Issei and Calvin Nan. 

Natt made two lay-ups in the 
final 77 seconds and pressured Bird 
into missing three shots down the 

But far several minutes in dm 
second quarter. Jones had a lineup 
of Bird, Scott Wedman, Greg Kite. 
Cados Clark and Rick Carlisle, and 

still the Nuggets couldn't poll 

Elsewhere; it was Utah 1 10, New 
Jersey 104; Philadelphia 137, Gold- 
en State 116; Milwaukee 113, De- 
troit 112; Cleveland 102, Indiana 
92; Dallas 104, Portland 98; Wash- 
ington 105, San An ionip..lP4j. 
Houston 126, Phoenix 122, and Se- 
attle 1 18, the Los Angeles Clippers 

Penguins Down Flames to End Losing Streak 

“1 was just happy to be on Ihe 
winning team," Ford said. “I 
wasn’t as nervous as I thought I 
would be. In fact, I was a little 
upset with myself because of that." 

Ford was making his first NHL 
start since Dec. 29, (983. when he 
was with Quebec and lost, 8-5, to 
Buffalo. He was acquired from the 
Nordiques last December. 

"I didn't feel shaky. I was com- 
ing into a situation where we were 
not winning and there wasn’t much 
pressure," Ford said. “If we win, I 
might be able to help turn things 
around. And if we lose, people will 
say. ‘Oh weD, it’s 10.’ " 

The Penguins dominated the 
first period, keeping the puck in 
Calgary's end of the ice much of the 

“That helped me adjust to the 
speed of the game. Instead of hav- 
ing them come right at me, I could 
adjust,” Ford said. (UP I, A?) 

Compiled br Our Staff From Dapatdus 

PITTSBURGH — The youthful 
Pittsburgh Penguins finall y saw 
their fresh approach pay off, after a 
month without victory. 

Rookie goal tender Brian Fred, 
recalled from Muskegon of the In- 


teraational Hockey League a day 
earlier, made 28 saves Wednesday 
night as the Penguins defeated the 
Calgary Flames, 6-3, to end a nine- 
game losing streak. They had gone 
12 games without a victory. 

Calgary's less enabled the idle 
Edmonton Oilers, the leaders in the 
Smytbe Division, to become the 
first NHL team todincha playoff 
oerth this season. 

In other games, it was Detroit 3. 
Sl Lorn* 2; Boston 3, Minnesota 2, 
and Chicago 3, Montreal 2. 

Also contributing to the Pen- 

guins' first victory since Jan. 19 
were three other NHL rookies. 
Troy Loney scored twice, Doug 
Bodmer, got one goal aad Mario 
Lemieux had two and three assists. 

“Mario came here with a lot of 
hoopla and a lot of credentials,’' 
said the Penguins’ coach, Bob Ber- 
ry. “He’s handled everything oil 
ffie ice wdl and he's been even 
better on the ice for us." 

“No question, this is my best 
game in the National Hockey 
League." said Lemieux, the top 
pick in the 1984 draft who earlier 
this month was selected as the most 
valuable player in the NHL All- 
Star Game. 

But it was Ford's play that par- 
ticularly made Berry look like a 


“Thai was the idea, to bring in 
someone that was fresh, and he 
came through with flying colors," 
Berry said. 

found it in thrir hearts to buy some 
flashy free agents, such as Fred 
Lynn, Lee Lacy and Don Aase. 

On top of tins, it would be a big 
help if, after the disappointing pen- 
nant races of 1984, it seemed al- 

the fouMfiriskm races fOTtii^aa- 
sou. It certainly would spark fan 
interest if, say, 19 or 20 of (he 26 
teams in the major lea g u es could 

malr<» a rational argument that they 

it end up in the playoffs. 

happen only if some- 
thing strange t ransp ired litre mnst 
of tire best teams ending up in rate 
division, say the American t eagne 
East And having most of the worst 
dubs in another division, like the 
American League West And all the 
in-betweeners m the nobody 3 s-too- 
good National League. 

Everyone would be happy if the 
game's defending world champions 
were as yet not a completely proven 
team. For instance, a team like the 
Detroit Tigers, who might be great 
but might also be a one-year phe- 
nomenon. Add for spice one enor- 
mously popular ball chib, a team 
that still played in a quaint old 
ballpark without lights, and had to 
atone for a monumental collapse 
that cost it the pennant in 1984. 

What more could we want? 

WeD, since we are talking opti- 
mum fantasy; why not throw in a 
possible strike by the players and a 
continuing salary explosion that 
jeopardizes the economic founda- 
tions of the game? What stakes 
could be pat on the table for the 
strike? How about divvying up a 
bUHoo-doflar, six-year network TV 
deal between the owners and play- 
ers? We could ask how far apart the 
two rides were on baric dollar dif- 
ferences and get bark a nice soc- 
cinct answer $200 million. 

We could have a player, Jim Rice 
of tbe Boston RedSox, sign acpn-„ 
tract that works oat to $23 rnflEon 
per season. We could have a three- 
year player, Wade Boggs of the Red 
Sox, who never has hit more than 
six home runs or driven in 75 runs, 
be awarded a contract of $1 million 
a year by a federal arbitrator. That 
combination of factors ought to be 
a perfect recipe for economic cha- 

Let’s get silly and keep piling on 
subplots. Why not have a new com- 
missioner, a charismatic young fel- 
low with enormous political poten- 
tial who is riding a wave of success 
in other areas but who has no inside 
knowledge of basebalL Can he sta- 
bilize the old national pastime in its 
hour of financial shakfoess? 

Just to make sure that no base- 
ball fan. anywhere, would be able 
to keep from twitching at the 
thought of the new season, we 
could pack the sport with the great- 
est influx of young stars that the 
old game had seen since the 1950s. 

Such players as batting champi- 
ons Don Mattingly and Tony 
Gwynn would have only a year or 
two under their belts. Strike-oat 
champions such as Dwighl Gooden 
and Mark Langston would be fac- 
ing the infamous "sophomore 

jinx;" Gooden, only 20, would 
make people daydream about 
whether he might become the 
greatest pitcher ever. 

New stars would appear so swift- 
ly that fans constantly would be 
having to catch up cm the life his- 
tories of players with fewer than 
four years of experience in the ma- 
jors. Tell us more, they would say, 
about: Boggs; Cal Ripken Jr„ Kent 
Hrbek, Tom Brunansky (32 borne 
runs), George Bdl (26), Rich Ged- 
man (24), Alvin Davis (116 runs 
batted in), Julio Franco, Rem Kit- 
tle, Greg Walker. Mike Boddicker, 
Bad Black (17-12), Storm Davis, 
Frank Viola (18-12), D ennis (03 
Can) Boyd, Roger Clemens, Ron 
Darling, Ernie Camacho (23 saves), 
Chili Davis, Ryne Sandberg 
(MVP), Johnny Ray, Kevin 
McRcynolds, Juan Samuel Darryl 
Strawberry, Alejandro Pena (ERA 
champion) and a dozen more: 

Obviously, all of this is truth, not 

Maybe it always is tins way in 
February. Maybe it always seems 
as if each spring training offers 
more than any other. Maybe the 
letdown from a mfldly anuefimao 
tic 1984 season malms us even more . 
susceptible 10 the charms of a new 
year. On tim other hand, maybe 
this season aborning is just as 
p romising , and fraught with dan- 
ger, as it appears. 

How will Henderson do as the 
Yankees' center fielder? Will he be- 
come heir to Mickey Mantle and 
Joe DiMaggjo? Or trail he become 
another victim of fly-ball outs in 
cavemoas Yankee Stadium? Re- 
member, Steve Kemp bit three 
homers in two years there and is 

Will the Meta' Gooden hold out 
for more money and risk one of the 
most promising early careers in his- 
to ry? F ernando Valenzuela aqurgL 
on tbe business side of the game 
after his fabulous rookie year for 
the Los Angries Dodgers and never 
again has won 20 games. 

Seldom has baseball entered a 
season when so many teams 
seemed so dramatically changed, 
and when so many had a legitimate 
chance to win their divisions. 

If the Tigers slide just a notch. 

Of all the divisions, tbe National 
League East is tbe prognosticator’s 
nightmare. There is enough talent, 
but each team has enough question 
marks that it could go top to bot- 
tom or bottom to top. The Cubs 
have great power, but far 100 much 
age. The Mets look better, but they 
might have played over their heads 
last year. The Phillies have a sharp 
new manager in John Fdske, and 
the general manager, Paul Owens, 
might have his youth movement in 
place if his old pitchers bold up. 
But who knows? 

The Cardinals shouldn’t win 
without Sutter, the Expos without 
Carter and tbe Pirates without hit- 
ting. But who spotted the Gobs and 
Mets last season when they were 
coming off fifth- and sixth-place 

That’s bow it goes everywhere 
you look. The San Diego Padres 
make it to the World Series, then go 
out and shuffle so many players, 
getting former Cy Young winner 
LaMarr Hoyt, among others, that 
nobody, not even tbe general man- 
r. Jack McKcon, knows whether 
martft themselves better. 

Baseball has readied the paint, 
after a decade of remarkable in- 
crease in general interest, where it 

' seems to feed off an odd internal 
dynamic. . 

The more complex and contro- 
versial the sprat’s plots and in- 
trigues the more tickets are sold, 
the higher TV revenue becomes 
and the more exposure and wealth 
is accrued from Rich new sources as 
cable TV and improved marketing. 

However, the richer the game be- 
comes, tbe more money ihe payers 
m nfr* And as players get richer, 
they tend to become more con- 
scious of money. Owners are veter- 
ans at this matter of being obsessed 

by wealth. The curious result is 
that , as more and more money 
through tbe game, the hag- 
gling and threatening between 
players and owners seems to rise 

And tbe less empathy the fans 
have fra either side. 

The almost diabolical result is 
that J at the same moment that tbe 
game is experiencing its maximum 
prosperity it might also be nearing 
its moment of maximum danger. 
The same fans who are drawn to- 
ward the game and thus make it 
healthy might, at (me and the same 
time, be perilously dose to reject- 
ing the sport if it should have an- 
other long strike. 

and they could after a basically 
ring which 
F- 6 ) had 1 

qirired : 
the firs: 

stand-pat winter during whic 
pitcher Milt Wilcox (17-6) had ma- 
jor shoulder surgery, any of four 
teams could pass them in die 
American League East For tbe 
first time, the Orioles have se- 
same good free agents. For 
first time, the Kue Jays have a 
ballpen. Fra the first time, the Red 
Sax nave re-signed their superstars, 
Rice and Bob Stanley. Now the 
Yankees have some charm as weD 
as talent 

There probably never has been a 
division as wide open as the Ameri- 
can League West, because there 
probably never has been a division 
-as bad. The Kansas Qty Royals are 
the defending champions , but al- 
most any team can wm here with 85 
victories and a hot week in Octo- 
ber’s playoffs. 




NR A Standings 



~fiew Jersey 
• -New York 

44 T2 jao — 
43 12 .782 W» 

79 V JIB IS 
27 28 .491 16tfi 

11 37 327 2SM> 


LA. Lolcer* 
LA Clipper* 
Golden State 


39 16 J89 — 

27 29 .482 1214 
25 30 .455 14 

23 32 AW 16 
22 34 .393 17% 

12 43 .218 27 



if » 27 
If 26 

2f— in 
■ fl 

^ «r**5* 

. — ,r‘ 

MStwoukaa " 





T-IS7-10 2LSttoanovich M5 M to. Rebounds: 

Detroit ' 





aevatau>62 Oflnson 11 ); Indiana 64 (KeUoaa 






!2)-Atstets:C)evolan(123(BoM«y81; InOtow 






2S (KtUogo 7). 






Whsoukec 28 38 26 28-113 






Detroit 24 M 21 83—112 

Midwest Dlvfsfoe 

Pressoy 1W8 4-724 Cummings 8-21 *6 28; 
Johnson 8-12 5-6 73. Thomas 5-15 8-10 18. Ra- 






bagedt: Milwaukee 55 (Cummloas 16); De- 


• ‘32 




troit 58 (Lolmbcar 18). Asstols: Milwaukee 27 

Dates - 





(Hodaes ID); Detroit 28 (Thomas 12). 

San Antonio 





DM, 14 26 38 20 18—118 






New Jersey 31 21 21 21 4—184 

Koasas Cttr 





Graenl l-»>325> Bailey 8-T78-10 24 Griffith 

32 (Hollins 111; Phoenix 31 (Nonce II). 
Baton 37 27 » 37— 7 » 

Denver 37 29 32 34-132 

English 16-26*638. No« 13-23 7-933; Bird 14- 
78 12-13 40. McHate 13-23 64 32. Rebound*: 
Boston 51 (McHole.Bim9): Denver 56 (Dunn 
W). Assist*: Boston 23 (Bird. Alnge 6); Den. 
ver 26 (English. Natt. Hanzllk 5). 

Seattle 22 IS 41 36—118 

LA. Clipper* 21 26 23 41—165 

McCormta* 11-17 5-6 27. Wood 8-14 IS 18; 
Nixon 76-28 1-3 07, Smith 9-22 44 ZL Rebound*: 
Seattle 54 (McCormick 11); LA. Clippers SB 
(Donaldson 12). Assists: Seattle 35 (Hender- 
son 7); LA Cl topers 22 (Nixon 9). 

U.S. College Results 

U.S. College Leaders NHL Standings 

jf P . > 

< * 

£=• j ' ' , 


(At La omnia California} 

Second Round 

Jimmy Connors U-S- dot Slobodan ZTvcHln- 

- ouic, Yugoslavia. 6-2. 6-7, 6-3; BwiTafterman. 
. UJLdof. Henrik SuncMroab Sweden, 7-& 6-3; 
David Pato, ILL Jooklm Nyetnxn. Smdetol- 
4*1641 Brad assort U-S.d*t Barry Man 

' SouMiAfrtca. 6-2, 6£; John UovtL Britain, del. 
, Robert Segaa. U_Sw 4-6, 6-1. 7-6; Scott Davit, 
U*.defc Rick LeodirU Ubor 

-PlfflBk,C 2 acbadovokIa,det.Bab LutoUJv*' 
;t, 4-2; SMiar Parkis. -Unset dot Nona 
.Summer. West Oensscesy, 6-L W, 7-6; Jo» 
MteeroASnottotef.MiittMHdiglL UA,7-i6- 
ts Home pftfer, as- dot Henri Leconte, 
fiwioe, trl, 7-\ 74; Aaron Kridtfteta, 

Ut Jon G onna, nuu. Bwd e n .M.6-1; Toma* 
^ JmkL Czeches)ovekia,fed Todd Nebav UA. 
J-&M.A2 (summed). 

” l i r '- 
. >' 

c “ ■ 



t« Oafctan* Catifemie) 

... PhsMtemd' 

• Hona Mo nddk ovq, Cztdw si wddd. def. 
'tartxsra Gertgn, UL 6-2, 7-4. 

-Wendy. TunotwO, -AjttrWKi. dot Lori 
’ftciMtua.M. tA: Z&n Gamuts. US, del 
Jso Bcxtoer.US.6-i 7-1 . 

B M l 4 7 0 RfiVffrmfr : Utah 62(Eaton 15); New 
jer oey 77 (GtnlMkL wmiams 18). Assists: 
Utah 21 (Groan 13); Norn iersey 17 (Rknord- 
son 91. . 

Bourn Stele 31 74 » *1-114 

nnodtWHO 38 30 29 40 — m 

. Malone 9-18 20-22 38, Enrtng 9-18 7-8 25. 
Tenev 10-163-325; Floyd 8-193-4 17, Conner 3-4 
11-12 li. MJoteson 44) UM2 la Rebound*: 
Golden Stale 42 (Whrteteod. Smith ll); Ptilio- 

detohto53 (Malone 24). AssUts: GoMan State 
13 (Conner 4); PDUodetphla 29 (Cheek* 7). 
Total toots— 

PerHaad 20 17 B 1*- 98 

Oates 27 20 23 34-104 

Btaekinanl542 4-836, AMlrre 10-25 M 26; 
Dmder 9-19 M 19. M-Thonmon B-T7 1-1 17. 

mimnimti- rminnTi" It — 

Paxson. Kersey 7); Dallas 55 (Bryant 9). As- 
sists : Portland 22 (Prexler7); Dalta»25IDo- 
vts 0). 

WIUM l H ltel 28 » » 20—101 

San Antonio M « » W-lM 

Ballard 10-M2-2ZL GosWllltoms 9-23 2-3 21; 
Gcrvbi 12-22 7-9 31. MHchell M0 2-t 21 fte- 
bo«Bct»: WnMngtan 53 (RoMwsr »); San 
Antonks 42 l Mitchell. Garvin 0). Asdxti: 
Washington 30 (Gv*wi[Hams.Malofie 7) : Son 
Antonio 31 (Moor* 12). 

Howctoa 77 26 3* *7-W 

rtrct-*- 33 25 35 29-172 

OtolvHWi 18-14 y* 23. McCray S-M 24 18. 
SOTipMnf-ll 0-018; Macv TIMeMTi. Nora 
7-1B5-5W. Ret ponds: Houston SHOtoSuwim 
12); Phoenix 51 (Mom 12). A*d*t»: Houston 

Bowdoln 75. BrondeU S3 
BuckneU 47, Orexel 57 
Connecticut 71, Syracuse <9 
Dowling 44. Pooe 55 
H oto t m 93. Delaware 42 
Iona 84. Manhattan 70 
New Hampshire Coll. BA Lowell 64 
Northeastern B& Vermont 62 
Notre Dame 45. Fordham A* 

Rider 59. Lafayette S3 
SI. John 1 *. N.Y. 71, Boston CotL 69 

Alabama n Tennessee A 
Florida A&M 8& Tennessee St. 77 
Florida Southern 95, FJarldo Tech 72 
Kentucky 7A Florida 68 
Kentucky SL 86. Brescia 62 
Louisiana SL 64. Vanderbilt 55 

Louisville 83, Florida st. ti 
Memptita SL 6a Twtona 49 
Mississippi 53, Mississippi SL 50 
N. Carolina 49, Woke Forest 59 
N.C State 7U Duke 66 
N. Gearola 62. Oglethorpe 54 
Old Dominion 73, William & Mary 58 
Virginia 49. Osntsart 64 


Do Paul 77. Indiana SL 65 
Kansas 75. Kansas Si. 64 
Morpuettv 49, xavter. Ohio 46 
Miami, Ohio. 72. Kent St. 66 
5, Illinois 83. CrMshtan 70 
W. Michigan B4, Boll St. 77 
Wisconsin 54, lawn 53 

Arkansas 73. Houston 59 
Oklahoma 110. Colorado £0 
Rice 82. Tortetan SL 44 
Texas 53. Texas A&M 51 
Texas Christian 72. So. Methodtat 64 
Texas Tech BX Baylor 71 

NCAA's Divliea l College Basketball load- 
ers tbroaeh Fob. 28: 


G Pts Ava 

Okktfwmo 25 2290 914 

Alcorn State 23 2033 8B4 

Utah State ’ 23 1989 8&S 

Southern 23 1988 86^ 

Loyola (IIU) 24 2035 848 


G Pts Ava 

Fresno St 23 1226 S3J 

Princeton 19 1033 SU 

Colgate 22 1201 544 

Oregon State 231303 567 

Georgetown 251423 567 


Off Del Mar 

Georgetown 742 56.9 177 

Oklahoma 914 746 1731 

Iowa 724 57 A 113 

Novy 78.9 640 149 

Duke 107 66.9 13J9 


Off Def Mar 

Iowa 42J 314 Lf 

G eorgetown 402 314 lb 

Notre Dame 344 30J L3 

Eastern Kentucky 448 364 87 

Michigan 372 392 83) 

Patrick DhrUoa 

wr L T Pt% GF GA 

25 23 11 61 2M 349 
18 33 8 44 2S4 298 
(x-dtnehed ptoyofl spot) 


SL Loots 

I I 6—2 





78 246 


Detroit 10 1—* 





75 246 


Park (10). Larson (12). Dgrodtartt (39); 

NLY. islanders 31 



66 268 


Barr (12), GUrnaur (16). Stats on goat: SL 

N.Y. Rangers 




47 208 


Louto (on Stefan) 9-1 **-26; Detroit (an Liu!) 

New Jersey 




44 196 


T2-6-7 — 25. 


19 32 5 

4 Omni OMten 

43 199 


Cotoerv ■ 1 3-0 

Mtetargfe 2 » 9-4 





68 213 


Lemieux 2 (26), Bullard (20), Loney 2 (9). 





68 228 


Badger (5); Bosek (8), WDson (19), Nilsson 





66 266 


(291. State oa goal: Calgary Ion Ford) 8-13- 





60 2T7 


11—31; Pittsburgh (an Lamella} 12-9-9—30. 





45 198 


Boston 2 18-8 

Norris DhrtUon 

MUBBSSOlV 8 | a— s 

Courtnoll (6), ReM (St.Stetottor (7); Goulls 

Sl. Louis 




64 223 


(ll. Roberts (5). stats oa goal: Boston (an 





58 234 


Beware) 8-KM3— 31; Minnesota (an Koans) 





47 222 







43 201 


Montreal B 1 1—8 


14 38 7 

SuMM DfvHoa 

35 186 


cuam 1 l 3 

Seoard ( 8 ), D. Wilson (16). Fraser (21); NL 





98 309 


tat (15). TremWov (22). Stats oe goaf: Mon- 





65 274 


(real (on Skoraaenskl) T2-137— 34; Cbleogo 





65 259 


(an Soetaert) 4-5-7—16. 



G FG FT Pis Avg 

23 239 160 638 27.7 
25 277 121 675 278 

24 2*9 US 646 249 

24 343 142 628 267 

25 253 137 643 2SJ 


Folo m bti l aBoust 

McDonieL Wkh 51 
Hughe*. Lovola 
Ml i chert, Mercer 
Tisdale. Oklahoma 

Walker. Utica 
Moore. Crefghton 
Salley. Geareta Tech 
Staves. Southern 

24 138 195 708 
27 222 323 687 
23 147 220 668 

22 125 191 654 

23 214 330 641 

HoPPen. Nebraska 


Collins. Penn St 22 78 82 95.1 

Elzev, Penn 18 47 S) 940 

AltanL Indiana 21 82 80 937 

Nutt. TCU 24 67 72 93.1 

Hagan. Weber St 24 00 Bfi 938 


G NO Ava 

McDaniel, WtcHta St 35 368 U7 

Beniamin. Creighton 27 394 146 

Scurry. Lana Island 23 311 135 

Sanders. Min valley St 20 258 1U 

American League 

CALIFORNIA— Signed Kbit McCasm 
pitcher, and Norm Carrasco, second bote- 
man. Named Frank Marcos administrative 

a ratetoHt 

NEW YORK— Nomad Bobby Mur or assis- 
tant vice president. 

TORONTO— Reached a contract agree- 
ment with Bin CoudllL pitcher. 

CHICAGO — Announced tftd Leon DurTxm 
first baseman, lost his salary arbitr at ion 
case; he will set 5800000 ttdi season, not the 
S1.1 million he swahL 
LOS ANGELES— Signed Jay Johnstone, 
outfielder, to a one-yecr contract 
NEW YORKr- Reached a contract agree- 
menf with Bill Latham, pitcher. 


Nahonal Basketaoll Anodatloa 
BOSTON— Ptoetd Cedric Maxwell, for- 
ward. on the Mured reserve list. 


(tatted States F eet teB Leaga* 
ARIZONA— Aondred Gras Anderson, aids 
receiver, tram Btnnlnohom laeuhaosetor a 

future draft choice. Waived Dennis BMioA 

OAKLAND— Activated Dovld Greenwood, 
stra w safety. Re-stoned Bob StandHer and 

Darnell WblLdetenslve ends. Cut Lynn Them- 
as. defensive bock; Ridnr Martin and Gerald 

BnxSey, wtde recetvers; Reggie SWbteV. 
nose tackle; Ed Muranskv and Jim Bob 
Lamb, offensive toddes: Tom Morris aid 
Henry Williams, cornertxxis; unite Pat- 
rtc*. mmkrn bark; RkJiDbcon and Kurt Gart. 

HnebocterBand 77>am Dofflbraok, intensive 

and Ed Jackson, itoeboekers. to Oriondo In 
ecUntoS for two future undbetosed drttt 


nattana! Hockey uagee 

Detroit— S ent Ed Mia ooottender.tatat- 

Irondodc of Ihe American Hocscev Lbqbuc- 


KANSAS STAT E Na m e d At Sandohl ot- 
fenstve ceordteatar of tee football team. 

MISSOURI— Named Tom Vaughan asste- 
trail IaaHmII rfs wAK 

Lance Parrish, catcher for the World Champion Detroit 
Tigers, participates in infield drills during the first day of 
spring training at the Tigers’ camp in lakeland, Florida. 


Jays Sign Caudill, Avoid Arbitration 

TORONTO (AP) — The Toronto Blue Jays signed Bill Caudill to a 
five-year contract Wednesday in a last-ditch attempt avoid binding salary 

Financial details of the contract which is guaranteed for three years, 
were not revealed, but it is believed that Caudill could earn about $9 
million by the time it expires after the 1989 season. 

Caudill, 28, a right-handed relief pitcher, said the contract was the Blue 
Jays’ “last offer and there were major differences from other offers. It just 
hit me in the right spot.” He approved tbe agreement only 20 nrinutei 
before his arbitration bearing was to begin. 

America’s Cop Asks $20,000 Bond 

HAMILTON, Bermuda (AP) — America's Cup challengers wfl] have 
to put up a $20,000 bond if they want 10 stay in the 1987 challenge series. 
That decision was made Wednesday at a meeting of all tim challengns in 
Hamilton, Bermuda. 

After a seven-hour session, the chairman of the meeting, Gianfranco 
Alberini, said all challenge syndicates would be required to post the bond 
by June 10. when a second meeting will be held in Sawtnwa “>y e have 
asked for a deposit from all the challengers in order to see which ones are 
no longer interested," he said. 

He said that until a final tally of groups vying for the right to dullmfie 
Australia in Path is determined, the rules for the challenge yri e s cRn™ * 
be hammered out. 

Of ihe 24 original challengers, 17 turned iqi in Bermuda. Two Italian 
organizations, a Swiss group and a German syndicate are awmnp those 
that already have dropped out 

Brisco-Hooks Declared Race Winner 

NEW YORK (UPI) An offi c ial decision on die results of the 
women’s 400-merer race at the US. Olympic Invitational earlier tlS 
month was handed down Wednesday, dedanng Valerie Btisco-Hoc&sthe 

Brisco-Hooks was originally named the winner at the me* m 
Rutherfrad, New Jersey, Feh9 in a photo find, sSh a tSrf “5? 
one-hundreotii ofi a second better than Diane IW Two daw Wr’ 
Diron s coach produced a photo of the finish; a revkvwrttffiSTaS 

The final decision, however, rested with the mat refers J 
Rico, who *id Wednesday that the 

never received an official proiraL ° res °lts would stand. Rico 


Feting Johann the Pekin 

“Gw^ee Vair-deeee?" cried 

^ ^ 1131 *° US 10 
S^^miteEsaiach LiW * Just “other tunesrmtb from 


Mick Jagger, at 41, Becomes a Soloist 


j^ jaoooatKHi saddened Fran 

^ ^ the town crone could tefl 

tmerrmo > 

two da^s before 
£^®“«wg Fran Bach m the Ii- 

for example, she had over- 


fusos, which wok 

„ . Oct of dancing. One 

y°«* wandered aloud if there 
jjjoold ever be any music to help 
leiuomc youth loosen up on the 

( **Yes, ,> said the town crone, 
‘hoe will be a music called jazz, 
but it will not be bora for another 
200 years, so yon might as well 
leant to live with the fugue.* 1 
Now Fran Bach felt despair alHn 
to what those teen-agers had felt, 
and she spoke to the town crone 
with tlx hope that the hideous crea- 
ture might have power to change 
the future. “Most the inumnent in- 
fant definitely be named Johann 
Sebastian?” she asked. “I had rath- 
er landed naming trim Zwie.” 


‘You wanted to have a little 
Zwie Bach, eh? Thought you’d lock 
up your beds with a little joke at 
the youngster's expense, I suppose. 
Take my wand for it, Frau Bach. 
You won’t have the nerve to try it 
when the time comes. It will be 235 
years before anybody in Germany, 
especially women, will have the 
courage to the tiniest little 

Fran Bach started for home 
wearing an expression of such sad- 
ness that the town crone felt a 
twinge of guilt and wondered what 
she could do to brighten the poor 
woman's life. “The reason it has to 
be Johann Sebastian instead of 
Zwie," she said, “is radio.” 

And while the mother-to-be 
cringed in terror, a stupefying tale 
was unfolded about a future of in- 
credible uproar traveling through 
the air and mixed into it, lushly 
velveteen male voices that delight- 
ed in uttering such sounds as “Yo- 


to fhe 


whereas anybody named Zwie 
Bach will be a dead goose as far as 
those oHy-bmstled radio voices are 
, concerned.” 

“You make me very happy for 
once, to know that I mil someday 
hear my child’s name l ushly articu- 
lated m the otherwise dreadful 
| noises infesting the air” 


The town crone instantly revert- 
. ed to her natural impulse to make 
[ people miserable. “Not a chance," 
she said. *Tm talkin g about 300 
years from now, in tire year 1985, 
when everybody is half crazy with 
delight because it’s the year Johann 
would be 300 years old if he had 
; lived.” 

This gave (he wretched mother- 
, ro-be a pleasure that only a mother 
can know, as she said to herself, 
[ “So, even though neither he nor 1 
will live to enjoy it in 1985 my little 
. Johann will be famous.” 

' “What’s be going to do to make 
him so famous? Invent a horse with 
. wheels?” six asked aloud. 

“Music,” said the town crone. 
“Everybody's going to love him for 
, the music he writes.” 

Frau Bach frowned. “More 
[ fugues?” 

“Afraid so, dear. But also some 
nice masses, concertos and pas&a- 
■ caglias. It will be a nice year for 
: music, 1985. Not only will every- 
body be celebrating your Johann’s 
’ 300th birthday, but also what 
; would have been the 50th birthday 
: of the late great Elvis Presley, also 
known as Elvis the Pelvis.” 

: “Another fugue writer. 1 sup- 

‘ pose.” said Frau Bach. 

| “/a. fugues about the hound 

t dogs and the blue suede shoes.” 


r Frau Bach had a last question. 

“Three hundred years from now 
• they’re not going to call my boy 
. Johann the Pelvis, are they? 

’ “Not to worry, sweetie," said the 
1 town crone. “Even after 300 years. 
j nobody w£D have discovered how 
. to get any pelvis into a fugue.” 

- Ne*> York Tima Struct 



By Stephen Holden 

Afar York Tunes Service 

N EW YORK — One of the 
fascinations of following 
Mick Jagger’s life and times is the 
spectacle of rock music's most en- 
during symbol of voluptuary chic 
defying gravity year after year. At 
41, the Rolling Stones’s lead sing- 
er can still get away with acting 
like an insolent Pan pirouetting 
on a tightwire and flasmn^tome- 
hither glances designed to i nf la me 
every conceivable fantasy. In his 
impeccably fashionable Gist solo 
album, “She’s the Boss” (Colum- 
bia), Tagger is still a kinetic vocal 
wonderTbolh leonine and funny, 
but the lion seems more like a 
clown than a noble beast 

“She’s the Boss” tantalizes, 
taunts and puts us on with a 
dance-orienLed set of songs that 
portray love as a seedy, high- 
stakes casino game — a series of 
comic ploys and bluffs set in a 
Bohemian high society that Jag- 
ger, more than any other rock 
star, has come to represent 
Not since David Bowie’s 1983 
blockbuster, “Let's Dance,” has 
an album by a major star summa- 
rized so many oftne hipper trends 
in rock. Nile Rodgers, who pro- 
duced “Let's Dance" as wdl as 
Madonna’s “Like a Virgin,” 
worked with Jagger on three cuts. 
Bill LaswelL, one of the architects 
of Herbie Hancock’s hip-hop 
landmark, “Rocltit” co-produced 


Jagger offstage, with Jerry HalL, daughter Elizabeth. 

the other six. Their handiwork, 
phis the contributions of a slew of 
well-known guests — including 
Hancock, Jen Beck, Sly Dunbar, 
Robbie Shakespeare and Pete 
Townshe&d — has yielded a live- 
ly, groove-oriented record dc- 
signed for the dance floor. 

In contrast to the Rolling 
Stones albums, which have al- 
ways conveyed the sound of a 
working two-guitar band, Jagger’s 
solo record is a studio collage in 
which as many as four different 
guitar styles coincide on a angle 
cul With aural references that 
run from Prince (oracular, subter- 
ranean electronic voices) to 
“Rodril” (snatches of clattering 
electronic percussion) and instru- 
mental textures that blend the as- 
uingency of "Let's Dance" with 
the sparkle of “Like a Virgin,” the 
sound of the record could not be 
more up-to-date. Its only com- 
mercial liability is a dearth of 

catchy tunes. 

The altitude or the songs differs 
markedly from that of the Rolling 
Stones. Where Jagger and Keith 
Richards’s collaborations for the 
band project a generic renegade 
defiance and an atmosphere of 
physical violence, “Sbe’s the 
Boss” is set on pricier urban real 
estate. It’s all about the fun, the 
absurdity and the loneliness of 
bring Mick Jagger, rock's carefree 
Harlequin extraordinaire. Jagger 
wrote six of the nine songs try 
himself, and most are little more 
than repetitive fractured riffs with 
slangy, streetwise lyrics that gloss 
such topics as show business 
("Lonely at the Top”), a clandes- 
tine affair (“16 a Loaf*) and gos- 
sip (“Secrets”). 

The theme that runs through 
the album and t h at dominates 
four songs — “Turn the Girl 
Loose,” “Hard Woman,” “Just 
Another Night” and “Six’s the 
Boss” — is the superior power of 
women. If we are to believe Jag- 
ger’s songs, the women he allows 
into his world wield an inordinate 
psychological control that he is 
happy to allow. 

Jagger’s virion of the relations 
between the sexes is a tongue-in- 
cheek erotic farce set in and 
around Manhattan. If the sound 
of the album conjures a New 
York dance palace at 2 A.M. the 
songs portray the relationships 

among the tireless denizens of the 
scene as rough-and-tumble mer- 
cenary contests. 

In this gleefully sleazy combat 
zone, the hedonistic protagonists 
are too busy trying to ouimaneu- 
ver one another to express much 
tenderness or achieve intimacy, 
and romance is a lot like prostitu- 
tion. Responding to rumors of a 
sweetheart's promiscuity in the 
song “Secrets," the ringer enig- 
matically chortles, “Honey, hon- 
ey, honey! Do it for the money." 
In “Turn the Girl Loose," two 

rrwy squabble OVCT possession Of 
an jin fcpflnd ffif-niinHwl woman. 

who turns her back on both of 


“Just Another Night” finds the 
singer, alone in his bold room, 
pleading. “Can’t you see Tin hu- 
man?" to a woman for whom he 
was nothing but a trophy. A-d in 
“Hard Woman,” a tenigh, an- 
guished break-up ballad arranged 
with strings, the singer laments a 
relationship in which “I gave her 
laughter, she wauled diamonds." 

If Jagger’s songs admit a sur- 
prising amount of vulnerability, 
the singer does not sound like a 
wounded puppy so much as a 
high idler trapped in a prism of 
his own devising. Jagger, after all, 
has for well over a decade and a 
half been inseparable from his 
self-created myth of the Mephis- 
tophetian bon vivanL Ana the 
only way to avoid bring totally 
swallowed up by the myth has 
been to treat it lightly, use it as a 

But time has a way of warping 
even the most craftily constructed 
legends. From a rock singer and 
songwriter speaking directly to 
his own generation, Jagger has 
become an abstract, celestial sym- 
bol. Instead of representing any 
constituency, he stands for some- 
thing vague yet mnnnmmfa) — 
rock nnughtinwK itself —and the 
album’s unrelenting tone of 
■imiLwri sarcasm suggests the de- 
fensive attitude of someone who 
knows he cannot lake himself too 

From a student of American 
blues and soul music, Jagger has 
become a musical caricature, both 
of his original idols and of him- 
self. With its exaggeratedly cater- 
wauling vowel inflections, gasp- 
ing hesitations and affected 

hipster tone, his sin g in g is con 
sriously and outrageously man 
nered, layered in irony, cynicism 
and knowingness. 

Even the more reflective songs 
on “She’s the Boss " are rendered 
with an addic sense of the absurd. 
The title cut, winch Jagger wrote 
with the guitarist Carlos Alomar, 
is less a song than a farcical rock- 
reggae playlet about sexual role 
reversal in which the singer 
adopts Amos V Andy dialect to 
play the dual roles of bossy wom- 
an and her sullen boyfriend. 

What ultimately makes Jagger 
more convening than ludicrous is 
his acute sense of the incongruity 
of being an over-40 pop aristocrat 
assuming the raw, streetwise atti- 
tude of people half his age. Any 
contempt we could heap on this 
kind of role-playing the smgpr has 
already expressed with a savage 
self-mockery that pre-empts criti- 

Despite his defensiveness, 
Mick J agg er, outside the context 
of the Rowing Stones, seems wore 
exposed than he ever has before. 
He seems to have arrived at a 
perilous crossing where rock, dis- 
co and stand-up comedy merge 
into something that r emains to be 

Pepri-Cda has signed up Geral- 
dine Ferraro to appear in a Diet 
Pepsi advertising campaign. Ad- 
vertising Age magazine reports. In 
addition to the former Deinocnauc 
vice presidential candidate, the 
T na ga yijre said, criebnties who will 
appear in the campaign include 
Chrysler Corp.’s chairman. Lee A. 
Inffvya and Mikhail Bnjthftw. 
A spokesman for Baryshnikov, 
however, said the dancer would not 
appear in the ads. "He was asked 
but be turned them down,” the 
spokesman said. The campaign 
aiiin features the Super Bowl quar- 
terbacks Joe Montara and Dan 
Marino, Ad Age said. “Pepsi re- 
portedly tried to sign comedian Ed- 
die Murphy to a S3- million deal, to 
no avail," it said. 

Rkcardo Mod has extended his 
contract with the Philadelphia Or- 
chestra until 1990. Muti, 42, who 
succeeded Eugene Onnaody as mu- 
sic director of the Philadelphia Or- 
chestra in 1980, said the acclaim for 
(be orchestra during its recently 
completed U. S. tour was one rea- 
son he was staying on. Mini's con- 
tract had been scheduled to end in 
1988, and some observers though; 
lx planned to return then to Italy, 
where his family still lives. 


French fans ibinlc the American 
femmes fatales Sue Ellen Ewing 
(Linda Gray) and Pamela Ewing 
(Victoria Principal) of “Dallas” are 
sexier than Florence Berg (ChantaS 
Nobel) of “Grfteauvallon.” But the 
new French television series mod- 
eled on “Dallas” beat its U. S. rival 
51 to 32 percent in a poll published 
by Paris Match magazine. 


Viscount Linlev. 23. nephew of 

Queen Qizabedi H. was fined £45 
(about $49) Thursday for driving 
almost 100 miles (160 kilometers) 
an hour on an expressway, and for 
running a red light. Linley, who is 
vacationing with his mother. Prin- 
cess Margaret, in Mustique, plead- 
ed guilty by mail to spelling and 
fading to produce his driver’s li- 
cense. The red light was an earlier 


Prince Charles is in Norway for 
two days to inspect a British regi- 
ment training mere. He is coiond- 
in-chief of the 1st Parachute Regi- 


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