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\: 1 

^^bte GIofcal Newspaper 

’ ^ :. Edited In. Paris • 

. . ^ .. 
. 'in Paris^London, Zurich, 



*• *?.,/■ ■■";■ ' 


ied With Hie New York limes and Hie Washington Post 


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‘ U -‘- 1 <J y. h : i Hw Turk Time Service 

achev: Victo%^R^&nd 1 in Moscow 

ay Soviet leader Still Faces Battle With Gonservative Biireaucrats 


i2i ■>'.' £ i!:t -' iv • so East wconsofidale his control erf 
rs » ”• ^Ss?4 £ jCfoi^ppw/Wheo the position 

& Lrz-j r- •- “ r «6w? of presutent was erven Tuesday to 
' someone other than Mikhail S. 

i t.y ' ^ r - L 'tO Gorbsriiev, the Cammumsr Party 
jeader," Soviet citizens and West- 

• .• -^Ik a 


r’dans Since coming to power; Mr. Gor- 

Senu* bachey bad. added four allies to 
rer in postwar wfaat ^ now a 13-member Politbu- 
leader moved Ae deciat^inaldng council, 
his control of ^ 1 

a thenoation ^ nat « Ac Coomunist Party’s 
a Tuesday to The Secretari- 

a Mikhail S. 41 handles day-today affairs. ■ 
nmimy y Party la addition, to shifting Mr. Gro- 
QS and West- myko, 75, and namin^Eduard A. 
— - -- Shevardnadze, 57, to tfx Politburo 

TVftTC “d the job of foragn minister, Mr. 

i .130 Gorbachev dismissed the man who 

, had been seen as his chid 1 rival 

baitk: with, the entrenched and con- 
servative middle level of the bu- 

” _''' J 'M' pticral secretary of the Commnnist 
Z':-y pat^aml prcsdeaL 

i?- ^ *° viopnaimg Foreign Min- 
i^cer Andrei A: Gromyko for the 
po**°n, Mr. Gorbachev said he 
would be too busy to handle the 

[argely ceremoniai duties of he3d of Psrty Congress. 

1 u ^ 
r’~" ::i c. 

state. Often, mentioned among the men 

Mr. Gorbachev, 54, took power who may leave the scene are Prime 
on March . 12, bringing a long- Minister Nikolai A. Tikhonov, 80. 

and die Moscow party dnef, Viktor 
V. Grishin, 70. 

Mr. Gorbachev's decisions, in 
true Kremlin style, have been made 
in secret and announced publicly 
only to the accompaniment of a 
unanimous show of hands at the 
nation's pro-forma pariiament 

But in Soviet. terms, Us style is 
open imd charismati c, and hie has 
taken pains in television aDoear- 


..u., ; "7 7 r ’ Si ' ei awaited sififtfrom the older gener- 
tc- ■■■ -‘ c ' atkm of leaders who had dung to 
-tnj'j- • - power for the last decade. 

si^rT- . Reports have aocumuhtied in 

: : . . -1.y Moscow that the transition was not 

a,t’v .i-: 5 ?* an easy one. and that the old guard 
arj’- ..V’ "-V raised stnbbom resistance at the 

a cV: i - - .‘t V’J* k parly meeting that elected bdm. 

: ii.V J V f This week's events demonstrate 
that the resistance has been 
croritfd, and that Mr. Gorbachev 
jrhnr k r^rit r. . « now has foil control of the men at 
*** pViw'pS* die top of Soviet power. 

..... • • • 

Kje^ • 

jNj t-....' 

v iii China Frees 
: Bishop Held 

■ For 30 Years 

y By John F. Bums 

i : « \ n~ r New Yor * 77 mss Sendee 

— "'y BELTING — The 83-year-old 
Chinese prelate recognized by the 
SPK. f*'. .-POSTS Cil Vatican as bishop of Shang hai, the 
^ "• - - j»- Reverend Ignatius Rung, has been 
released from prison after spending 
a. . . ’ -■ nearly 30 years in jail, the Xmhoa 

" • w: press agency has announced. 

Bishop Kung, whose Chinese 
»oa *.-■* name is Gang Pmmri, is the best- 

known of the hundreds of Chinese 
- - clerics who were persecuted by the 
* 4 Communists in the 1950s for then 

.* •• - . refusal to bow to a movement that 

severed ties between the Roman 

***!! ?*•*; ./ * Cathofic Cfcnrch in China and the 

. ! V: Vatican. He had first been impris- 

— ■ onedin l955. 

211 : - J. The movement, m effect, placed 

» -<■-•■- the church under Communist ccn- 

tid. Despite the recent liberalizing 

air* % . :-’ H of many aspects of Chinese life, 

\ \ that control is still in effect 

Ttepress agency said the Shang- 
» iLi^thai Higher People's Court made 

• .'t ■ : - -r Ae decision to release the bishop at 

a session Wednesday. It said that in 
. . ' Vj>. setting aside the life term in^osed 

« s- 'SS.* / on him in 1960 for treason, the 

jT..'.' ’ •• - court found that he had “admitted 

: ins crime and showed repentance 

' ' —y. during the time he was serving his 

, ,. _ The agency added that the bish- 

. — T^TT^sTEeT op “said at the court that he would 

_.J. abide by the law and pledged aUc- 

J( « giance to the country. 

The wording seemed to have 

Given the pace of his personnel 
moves, stunning by Soviet stan- 
dards, many Soviet and foreign ob- 
servers now expect him to make 
further changes no later than next 
February, at the 27th Cosmmmist 

In Us Kremlin moves and in the 
television appearances, in which he 
both cajoles and threatens, he has 
demonstrated the aptness of Mr. 
Gromyko's description of Morin a 
speech in March supporting his as- 
cent to leadership: Comrades, this 
man has a nice smile, but be has 
iron teeth.” - 

Nowhere was this trait more evi- 
dent than' in his shift of Mr. Gro- 
myko, a move described by a Wpst- 
ern diplomat as “an elegant 
solution” that allowed him to 
award a supporter while apparently 
taking control of foreign policy. 

- Immediately after making the 
change, Mr. Gorbachev demon- 
strated bis readiness to move ahead 
with foreign policy, announcing 
Wednesday Ms first visits to the 
West as toe Soviet leader, to Fans 
in October and to Geneva in. No- 

vember for a meeting with Presi- 

QmweKm dent Ronald Reagan. 

Mikhail S. Gorbachev The announcements foreshadow 
a more active foreign policy than 
... . . ' . , . .. the Soviet Union has seen since the 

backmgof *e people for the hunt- ^^19708, a period of ailing lead- 

as, a Weflera diplomat suggested. 
^"Wheu Oortaehev strives in 

p^ofjSimmeilsstwrdcou fan md Geneva, a new te m wffl 
a steret intorv b® appearing on the worlds door- 

unanimous show of hands at the r^iS^v be airing on the world's door- 

nanon’s pro-fotma pariiament -Keqj up the good workl” the step. A® diplomai said. 

Bnt in Soviet. terins, Ms style is people shouted bade _ ____ 

open and chariaxMUic, and he has Thongh Mr. GoTbachev has Mr. Reagan and Mr. Gorbachev withdrawn abouTtWMtiartt? of hs evaded the' country. " bud ECt on tmhiary matters. The measure, included the ler- 

taken pams m tdevmon appear- moved mrieUy to consolidate con- MnhSAA series of meeting! military farces from the country. The Israelis disclosed, however ^ kraeli « Adrawal may have mmauon of US. landmg ridiu for 

anoes both to court pnhKc opinion nol. Western diplomat say the p»»? Hccordmir to dinlomatic source, that convinced the Syrian conunand s naucmal earner. Middle 

andtodemonstratethathefiasthe haSatpartmi2fistiniieahkd:a ^ Otfaer'scapitab. Page 5. ^nlmg to diplomatic sources sev- n £T sl S I X« East Airlines. The Reagan adminis- 

i t ^ sources said Wednesday ST"? •«»»«« 

I that the withdrawal hesan late last 1 Christian militia that is trained and Syrian forces once confronted Is- 

By Charles P. Wallace 

Lot Angela Tima Service 

DAMASCUS — . Less than a 


U.S. Move 
On Beirut 
K ffyj W Irks Syria 

jj-ir.' ' \ nl ' iuR'ji United Preu huemaneml 

M ' 7f '• HB li BEIRUT — Syria called Thurs- 

h*. un day for an Arab boycott of U.S. 

Sheikh Ibrahim al-Auno, left, of the HezbaOah. or Party airiines to protest President Ronald 

of God, NaWh Beni, the SWite Moslem leader, center, »«™P“ 

and President Amin Gemayel. Sheddi Amin said that bis react,on 10 lhc mA 

H«teUah did not plan the WA hijacking. Mr. Beni The S ' Lebanese government, 

and Mr. Gemayel protested the U^. attempt to close meanwhile, said it would file pro- 
Beirut airport and impose other sanctions on Lebanon. tests to the United Nations and the 
International Conn of Justice. 

Al Baaih, the official newspaper 
in Damascus, warned Mr. Reagan 

yrted to Hove W ithdixMcn 

gered by Lhe holding of 39 Araen- 
m y • T T can hostages for 17 days in the 

ary forces m Lebanon SSK as ” :i " S0Dly0 “ eside 

* In lhe aftermath of the June 14 

than the units that are said to have discipline and training have deteri- hijacking of a TWA airliner to Bei- 
been withdrawn. orated. nit and the subsequent hosiace cri- 

Syria Is Reported to Have Withdrawn 
25% of Military Forces in Lebanon 

been withdrawn. 

Israel announced last month that 

rated. rut and the sub 

Maintaining an army of occupa- sis. President 

uent hostage cri- 
eagan ordered 

month after Israel announced the « had completed withdrawing its don “. l*hum has also proved moves to isolate Briroi airport until 

^JetiTof its military involve- «S^r forces from Lebanon, al- ^Tor^n nZ ^ 11:110,1515 ° ff ^ 

mmt in Lebanon, Syria Has quietly most exactly three years after they ?P e ? ds about half of its annual its. . , 

invaded the country. budget on military matters. The measures included the ler- 

The Israeli withdrawal may have mination^of U^. landing ririits for 

that the withdrawal began late last 1 Christian militia that is trained and 
month and was continuing, al- financed by Israel The militia is 
though there were indications that supposed to maintain control over 

radi troops. 

Before the pullout started, the 

low the UJS. example. 

Another Syrian newspaper, Al 

The sources, who requested ano- northern frontier. 

security belt" near Israel's 

Saloonkeeper, 91, NamedMarshal of July 4th Parade 

10,000 : 

, estimated that between I 
and 12.000 Syrian soldiers vid 

ilomats in Damascus were di- 
abcut whether the Syrian 

By Charles Hillinger 
Las Andes Tima Sendee . 

Mir. Tomaam has operated his old-fashioned 
eight-stool saloon (there is a bench for the over- 
flow ) in the front room of his 1 17-year-old home 

have pulled out of Lebanon, mostly withdrawals were intended as a re- 
from the Bekaa Valley area in the sponse to the Israeli pullback. 

A Beirut newspaper, DaDy Star, 
reported that members of Leba- 
non's parliament, who met with 

FORT DICK, California — For AndrewToma- auce Prohibition ended in 1933. 
smL Thnraday was the nMStttatmg day since Feb. On the saloon ceding is an American flag. Pho- 

27, 191 1, when a ship hnnging him from his native tos of Mr.Tomasinf s favorite presidents, Franklin 
Italy sailed past the Statue of liberty into New d. Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy, hang on the 

Yoric harbor. wall • w ’ 

The 91 -year-old saloonkeeper was chosen to Richard Hanson, the fire chief, said: “People 
drive a covered wagon leading the annual Dei from all over Del Norte County know and love 
Norte County Fourth of July parade as grand Andrew. They stop by his tavern to listen to his' 
marshal. stories, to soak up Ins down-to-earth philosophy. 

It was the culmination of a. 74-year love affair The whole town plans to tam out to watch 

uiwgu urac were ioa««aons uuu supposea m maintain control over & Thawra, called on Arab states to 
it was nearly complex _ a “security belt" near Israel's • SL'ES 

The sources, who requested ano- northern frontier. troops to relieve forces diai had 

nymity, estimated that between Diplomats in Damascus were di- been m the field. But there has been 
1OJ0OO and 12.000 Syrian soldiers vid^Xit wh^tteXSi no “dicaikmof fresh troops re- 
have pulled out of Lebanon, mostly withdrawals were intended as a» turmng to Ldwnmi recently. 
from the Bekaa Valley in tlte TfDus is merely a nxydrng of ™ 

Matom mart nit th* mirnini ...... , , , , tiootss. it s on a much ia n>>»r scale President Amin Gemayel on 

^h?Sraw^^fSeved to . ^ smioided toseadtte JSwer before.” a dipKt said. Wednesday, quoted him as saying 

«8Wlto.thefaB^ that the There was a geniJ consensus the Amencan actions wot in vfola- 

^Ae^loEc«n«that uonrfmteraauonalbw and would 

“uto .Mr^yd.m«Uursday«th 

month aeo. rS“rA?SiS' P>“ *««■ .ft*. .*■« .fW* 53^5^ 

eastern port of the country. 

The withdrawals are believed to 

signal to the Israelis that the Syri- 

As recently as one month ago, a ^ t | ie Shiite Moslems, 
estimates placed Syrian troop and Syria supports the Shiites." 
strength m Lebanon at about ^ . .. . 

40,000. But another diplomat disagxeoi. 

States and Israel over the hijacking “Qio* officials to explore ways to 

of. TWA Flight 847, 

counter U.S. pressure and 

with America for Mr. Tomasmi. 

' He has not missed a parade ori'the Fourth of 

July since his arrival is United States as a lad of 17 ana stays open unm mt: looumtgm m ana 
from the village of Livenuno in the Italian Alps, decides it u time to gp to bed, which is usually 

lead the Fourth of -July parade.” . 

'HaeFort Dick-Tavern opens every day at 2 PM. 
and stays open until Mr. Tomaam gets tired and 

But ‘nuirsday was the first tune he actually would 
be in a parade. 

Evoy year a prominent citizen of Dd Norte 
County, a rural county on the Oregon border 
whose population is 18 BOO, Is selected from vari- 

about 8 o'clock. 

*T work six days a week and take Mondays tiff," 
Mr. Tomasmi said. 

He is a beekeeper, has an immaculate garden 
filled with vegetables, and an orchard with pear, 

40 ooo Bnt another diplomat disagreed. A month ago, there was specula- streoghten security at the a 

The Syrians appear to be leaving “yAg, “1 don’t think the Syrian tion that Syria was about to send b J 

in place some special forces units assessment of the lhreai from Israel troops into Beuut to help restore I f iblla - 

that are stationed north and east of has changed." calm there afun clashes between The leader of the^ Aunal i 

Beirut, according to the sources. That diplomat said the Syrians 8™“!® a J rhcShate Amal m- Nabjb Boti, accused Mr. I 
Those units have Soviet-supplied might believe that the troops have hua and tbe Palestinians, and be- on Wedn^ayoT breabnga 
armor, but on a much smaller scale been in Lebanon for so long that (Continued on Page 2, CoL 3) ise not to rctaoate /or the ng 

The leader of the Amal nnfitia, 
Nabih Bern, accused Mr. Reagan 

lilia and the Palestinians, and be- on Wednesday of breaking, a p.our- 
(Continued on Page 2, CoL 3) i« not to retaiiate for thehijadring 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 2) 

ous nammees suhmitled by local residents to lead cbeny and apide trees he planted more than a 
the IndependeaceDay parade tiiron^'dovratown century agp. He has chitkens. He cooks his 

He cooks his own 

descent Gty. the. county seat 

meals cm a wood stove. 

A widower, Mr. Tomasmi has two living chfl- 

:» op saw at U 

abide by die 
,,, giance to the 
*«aAl : -A The word 
— - • -- ZJ* Men careftill 
* 1 ■ -r: ^ to gain Us t 

Antongtimnommations this year was one from ~ jT ™.3T{ 

a wMMin describing an elderly who had stood 25 gnwdchfldren and 24 great-grandchil- 

hmt her at laa year’s parade, , ' Jordan Kdoy, a beer distributor, said: “Every 

I v^so taken wlh iteaklmra sob^ns love November far thc past 18 years Andrew has 
for this country,” the woman ^ “When fos ^ ^ wasnVgoing to renew his liquor 
Anwiom flag went by, he put bs band ; on h» Boose, that he would retire. But he has no inten- 
heart, tears came to bis eyes and he said; I'm tion of ever quitting. He’s as sharp as a tack andhis 
proud to be an Amen^ ^t a pofocl ^and 

marshal thal^md man would be tar our rourtn ot Aod Thurslay, the 9I : year-old Mr. Tomasini 
July parade.” was to have his day, acting atop a covered nsgon. 

The tram was Andrew Tomasini, saloonkeeper leading the Dd Norte County Fourth of July 
of Fort Dick, population 400. He was unanimously parade through the streets of Crescent Gty with 85 
chosen by the committee to be grand marshal bands, floats and marchi n g groups behind him. . 

Wales Voting Hostage Spokesman Rethinks Words 

Tests Labor S Qmicell Plans to Review Remarks on Attitude to Captors 

Comeback StS&SE 

By R.W. Apple Jr. 

New Yoric Tima Sendee 

HOUSTON — ADyn B. Con- 
well. the Texan who acted as a 

flag went ta, he put Ws hand ion M. ^^The^ld^- iuthThas^)^: 
s came to bis eyes and he said: Im tvmnfwfmiiihnD 

tion of ev» qintting. He’s as sharp as a tack andhis 
memory is incredible." 

And Thursday, the 9 1 : y ear-old Mr. Tomasini 
was to have his day, acting atop a covered wagra, 
leading the Dd Norte County Fourth of July 
parade through the streets of descent City with 85 
bands, floats and marching groups behind him. . 

BRECON, Wales — The most spokesman for the American hos- 
rignificam political skumisi i of *®S®s in Beirut, has said that be 
Prune Minister Margaret Thatch- iwmUI review bis statements in 
ex’s second term has been n»l q n B which he had said (hat some bos- 
place the last two weeks in the ta 8« s expressed sympathy for their 
bucolic hills and dales of southeast- captors cause, 
era Wales, and Mrs. Thatcher ap- Mr. Conwell said m an interview, 
pears likely to be the big Iosct. as he flew to Hooston late Tuesday 

Somalis Assert Their Refugees Suffer 
As the Focus Is on Other Famine Crises 

drarch, something he had repeat- 

The cause ot all the commotion, m^bt, that be had only recently 
in a region where the lambing sea- become aware of criticism directed 
son usually provides the big excite- at expressions of sympathy for the 
meet of the year, is a by-election cause of the Shhte m i litia m en who 

edhr refused to do. 

The prelate appointed 10 succeed 
Reverend Kung as bishop of 
Shanghai a quarter of a century ago 

By Blaine Harden 

Washington Pan Service 

MOGADISHU, Somalia — The 

Thursday to choose a new member — 

of Pariiameni for the constituency Freed hostages teU bitter ndre 
known as Brecon and Radnor. He of terror, gu!> ed tours. Page 4. 
will replace a Conservative, Tom 

tha of Mrs. TlaffibS been mc ^ - fr ?° Trans W ” M 

out cholera because Ethiopia sustain body weight, Mr. Trodler dm _of Mrs. Thatcher, has been pi:p ht 047 

makes no effort to prevent earners said. slipping in recent months, partly . . . ' 

from wandering across the desert 
to Somali refugee camps. 

An average erf 19 
the camp each day. 

) persons < 
; he said. 

mo of nidvm . — r T . . . UI ouuuxu iquem. wuup. UK taiuy cawi uay, uc asuu. mint 

daiiy dt^h rate m this country^ Nevexlhdess, officials here say, die fiW diseases related tomalnu- 
15 On laease was to 1-imoct rafniv# raim 1C ureter ihSQ - ... - .il 1- ... : r_ . ... 1 . L-13 

e*s first acts on release was to 
his successor's ring and ac- 

knowledge his authority, the Chi- famin e camps of Ethiopia. 

Patriotic A sen,or United Nations official 

largest reragee camp is grraier man w ^ ^ paying much attention to trition, and most are children un- 
ihat of lhe more widely known ^be plight of the refugees in Soma- der 5. 

Gannefs death rate exceeds the 

official They assert that the hunger, dis- rates reported at the major famine 
g situa- ease and death brought about by a camps in Ethiopia, where death 
of mal- new flood of Et h iopian refugees rates in June were at fewer than 10 
will die into Somalia are being ignored per day. 
otnmil- amid an international drive to “"The iravtienl teams can hdp 
move food and money into Elhio- control infectious diseases like 
ils com- pia and Sudan. cholera, but we cannot prevent 

The bishop's continuing impris- 
(GoBtinaed on Page 5, CoL 2) 


■ Three black miners were 

killed in rioting in South Africa 
that started with a wage dis- 
pute. Page 2 

Ins drive 

September to turn his attention 
to the budget. Page 3. 

■ Britain is still undecided on 

what role it should take in the 
UJSL research program on de- 
fense in space. Page 5. 

And Somali health officials com- pia and Sudan, 
plain that they are unable to stamp “We fed the: 

because of her inability to reduce . hu statanenui on behalf of Ms 
record unemployment and partly 5 osta 8 es > he smd, he had 

because of the comeback of the Raided to convey whathebe- 
Lahor Party, whose popular new lieved to be a cmscosos. 
leader, Ned Kinnock. is slowly Mr. Conwell said it was “appro- 
steering it back toward the center, priate" and of no particular signifi- 
A national poQ taken by Market cance that the hijacked planes pi- 
and Opinion Research Internation- lot. Captain John L. Testrake, was 
al on June 21 showed the Gmscrva- designated to speak for the bos- 

“We fed there is away compd- most d eaths from malnutrition 
ling arid increasingly severe crisis without food.” wrote doctors at 

here,” said Gary Trodler, deputy 
director of the Somali office of the 
UN High Commissioner for Refu- 

roeUer, deputy Gannet in a letter sent to the UN 

ali office of the offioe in Somalia. 

ioner for Refu- Western diplomats in Mogadi- 

■a Ritht kanl» . an * .■ 1.1 . 

gees. “Bm we have to fight harder ^ the Somali capital, say that 
and banter to gel any attention.*’ one reason for the relative lack of 
In the test year about 150,000 world interest in Somalia is that its 
destitute Ethiopiaiis, most of them refugee problems are old news, 
nomads and livestock raisers from since the 1977-78 Etiriopian-So- 
the Ogaden desert, have walked mah war chased nearly rmo milli on 

rives trailing Labor by (right .per- rages in the Washington ceremony 
centage pants, 40-32, with the Tnesctey when they returned. 
Liberal- Social Danocratic alliance - We ^ 10 00r ^ 

in toiid place with 26 percent. . predation to America and to the 
That represents a severe slump ^^ministration and make a brief 
to* to® muusiers party, staiemenu,” Mr. Conwell said, 

winch polled 44 peraait to28per- -John Testrake began this thing as 
coit for Labor and 26 percent for ^ captain, and it is only appropri- 
ate alliance the 1983 general ate that he finish as oar captain." 


before the Falkland war. 

W^FtKdwS J “I was amply an assigned spokes- 

Dawe ine rtejumowar. _ man. I thmk it was much mote 

^ te nake thefts 

^st into Somalia, according to erf- nomads out of the Ogaden into 
Goals. Sane had cholera, and m Somalia, this impoverished country 
late March an epidemic broke out ^ 4.$ mOKon citizens has been 
m nori “ wcst ’ appeals for more money to 

announced Friday. 

Chris Bnticr, the Conservative 
candidate, has worked as apolitical 


As for speculation that a new 
spokesman had been chosen be- 

assist refrigeesL More than 30 rdu- 


■ Britain's tgBeri church qrfre, 
in Salisbury, is the great Gothic 
impossibility. Some say it 
should not be standing. Page 7 < 


■ Volkswagen announced a 
profit of 280 million Deutsche 
marks (S92 million} in the first 
half of this year. Page II. 

In one week at fbc Gannet camp, gee camps, all of them funded and 
just out^ejheoty rfjter&ysa, by international donations, 
683 people died. Stnoah health offi- have operated here for nearly six 
rials say cholera has kmed 1,262 

pe ^K^’ l ,^ , . 0 '' hra,MW “He attention of tie woridto 
annralsfiomEiaiopu. ihiltcd away from Somalia aod its 

SHTbSTtelBoLS ?“* Mr 

wilh Mrs. Thatcher at 10 Downing Conwdl had bem too condtatoiy 
Street, ihffl tor her Wdshmiidjtt? totha/capMs, he laughed aod 
Bin he has been at sme pares to “A ? Jhu a tree, I never heard 

As Aflyn Conwell, the spokesman for the hostages in 
Beirut, and his wife, Olga, descend from the plane that 
brought them back to the United States, President Ronald 
Reagan and Mrs. Reagan greet the mother of Mr. ConweD. 

stake out independent positions on about iu. 

sane issues, and Ms criticism led White House officials said my wife being a widow and my more to the captors. He declined to 

rvfrumrc lt»c t J . , , poor unm. w- a* spywwaaii m IOB H» caj/l rhoi hit belief thxt Ihr> i-uusi, uuamgc, 

? fU ra U ^ a ?5^“ fl ?,SS y « fro? 5 Mr- Butler has spent the final ceremony at Andrews Air Force hort^ woSd £ ktfkd SiSd 1]mm y M ?dlma Sr - of 
9B^gg»"a.W«* hours before Thursday’s voting in a Base in Maryland. S&T^df<Srfti R*L Ariansas, said that he had 

Francisco Fejrndndear Or- 
donez was appointed 
Spam’s foreign minister 
m a cabinet shift Page 2. 

The flood of refugees has come 
during a year in which the UN 
refugee agency cut back funding 
for Somalia from $39 nriffion to $36 

Doctors and nurses at the Gan- 
net ramp report that the new arriv- 
als have depleted Somalia's supply 
of refugee food. Rations at Gannet, 
which feeds about 60,000 people 
daily, have been cut by one-fifth, to 
less than what is recommended to 

the government to 
close a local army 

3 his criticism led white House officials said my wuc 
to reverse plans to Wednesday that the Reagan ad- chQdnen 
ny base. Nonethe- ministration had no role in the constant 

a choice of Captain Testrake over found no escape from.” 

Mr. Conwell as spokesman in the He said that his belief that the 

children fatherless. It was an all- say who had made such an offer 
consuming obsession, one that I and added that it had apparently 

never been seriously considered. 
Earlier, another freed hostage, 

Cambodia in 1978 and 1979,” said 
a Western diplomat “It is the way 
rite West works. We can only focus 
on one crisis at a time." 

Somalia’s refugee problems ap- 
pear to be dwarfed by those of 
Ethiopia and Sudan , In Ethiopia, 
an estimated eight rtriffioo. people 
are threatened with starvation, 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 6) 

conceited attempt 
ate, low-key La 
Rk&aidWfflery, to 
outspoken radicals 

way s voting in a wise m owyiano. only after he and four others woe ^ ^ 

touettenode*. in me interview, Mr. Conwdl allowed to take part in a news con- 
. b® not reared for his life ference and he was able to inform 

<f, to the party smost jjut had expected to die. bis fomilv that he was “ahve and era * days^rher tiian the others 

*T was absolutdy certain that wdL 

asserted^ that Uto was stfll con- tamty of nm bdng reuni^tSh onTj dftotteei hJreporte^y tort as "a promoter m the United 
(Cootaiiied on Page 2, CoL 7) my famfly. I feared the prospea d made a cash offer of $2 million or (Continued oo Page 4, Col 7) 

his family that he was “ahve and 

Mr. CwwdL dea^syed and 

Mr. Conwell said one of the hos- 
tages, whom be declined to name, 

tons as “a promoter" in the United 
(Continued oo Page 4, CoL 7) 

U.S. Heightens Security 
In Khartoum to Protect 

Its Envoys From Libyans 

By David B. Oraway 

ttdfJUncftw l > ‘"i Service 

W \SHINGTON — The United 
States has taken “extraordinary se- 
curity precautions" to protect U.S. 
diplomats in Khartoum after the 
infiltration of several hundred Lib- 
yan agents into the Sudanese capi- 
«al. according to U.S. officials. 

The officials refused to detail the 
precautions, but they said Lhere 
had been great concern about secu- 
siiy since Sudan's powerful Slate 
Security Organization was disman- 
tled after the April 6 militaiy coup 
that deposed President Gaafar Ni- 

“Part of that concern is the secu- 
rity of our embassy” an official 

The officials said the new mili- 
tary leadership under Abdul Rah- 
man Swareddahab had told Wash- 
ington that it was no longer able to 
keep track of all the Libyans and 
their Sudanese allies, leaving U.S. 
diplomats vulnerable. 

In an incident involving Ameri- 
can diplomats in March 1973. the 
ambassador. Cleo A. Noel Jr., and 
his deputy. G. Curtis Moore, were 
seized and killed by eight Palestin- 

Since the April 6 coup, “over 100 
and mavbe as many as a couple of 
iiundred" Libyans ’have arrived in 
Khartoum with the re-establisb- 
ment of diplomatic relations be- 
tween Sudan and Libya, according 
«o an official. They have been busy 
setting up “revolutionary commit- 
iees" to promote a Libyan-styleya- 
. naJiiriva . or “stale of the masses." 

These committees have been 
used in other countries, such as 
Egypt, to carry out subversive ac- 

In Britain, four Libyan students 

Israel Delays 

Pay Freeze 

New York Timet Service 

TEL AVIV — The government, 
in an effort to win the support of 
the labor movement for its sweep- 
ing austerity plan, has agreed to 
postpone some of the tougher de- 
ments pending discussions on how 
to cushion the impact on wage 

But union and treasury officials 
remain deadlocked on the plan. 

After a three-hour meeting 
Wednesday with treasury officials, 
Haim Haberfeld, head of the trade 
union department of the Hisiadrut, 
the labor federation representing 
1 .6 million workers, said that Tues- 
day's nationwide protest strike 
would be followed by stronger ac- 
tion next week if no progress were 

Prime Minister Shimon Peres 
said Tuesday night that emergency 
regulations cutting cost-of-living 
increments for July, freezing wages 
from July to September and dis- 
missing 10.000 public workers in 

two months would be postponed. 

Other elements or the austerity 
program, announced Monday in- 

The Daily Source far 
International Investors. 

seized control of their country's 
l and ue- 

_ s 

embassy in February 1984 and de- 
clared themselves a revolutionary 
committee that had displaced the 
ambassador. Two months later 
someone in the embassy building 
shot and killed a British police- 
woman, leading to a break in Bril- 
ish-Libyan relations. 

Also reluming in large numbers 
have been Libyan-trained Suda- 
nese. among ihem a man named 
Zakaria. regarded by the U.S. offi- 

cials as especially dangerous. He 
with 100 followers in late 

arrived win. 

April or early May after several 
years in exile. 

In at least one case, the U.S. 
officials said, a plane arrived from 

... . i ia.<> 1 i _ _ an 

Libya with 100 people on it. only 80 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl emphasized a point at Thursday news conference in Bonn. 

of whom had passports. The ot 
slipped through the relaxed securi- 
ty at the airport 
The political situation in Khar- 
toum is described by these officials 
as “highly fluid," with a large num- 
ber of groups, including Commu- 
nists, Ba’athists and Libyan- 
backed elements, jockeying for 

Kohl Vows EC Political Unity Fight, 
Says Bloc Is Mom Than Olive Accords 

power. The military leadership has 

promised to hold elections for a 
new parliament and civilian gov- 
ernment by April 6, 1986. 

The Libyan leader. Colonel 
Moammer Qadhafi. visited Khar- 
toum briefly May 18. An aide, 
Abdul Salaam Jafloud, was there 
previously on a week-long visit af- 
ter which many of those who were 
accompanying him stayed on, ac- 
cording to U.5. intelligence reports. 

[Thousands of people marched 
Thursday to the Egyptian Embassy 
in Khartoum to demand the extra- 
dition of General Nimeiri from 
Cairo. Reuters quoted witnesses as 


BONN — Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl said Thursday that he would 
continue to fight for closer political 
integration in the European Com- 
munity. even at the risk of a major 
split among members. 

He said that West Germany re- 
fused to accept the idea of the bloc 
as merely an economic grouping, 
and added that members had to 
sacrifice some of their sovereignty 
to achieve European union. 

Asked if this would risk splitting 
the European Community, he re- 

“This danger exists, but we are 

not frightened by it. If we do not 
make changes ine only thing we 

will have left to discuss in the fu- 

ture is the distribution of olive har- 

Mr. Kohl criticized the British 
and Greek leaders for their alti- 
tudes and comments at the summit 
meeting in Milan last week, which 
ended in disarray over calling a 
special conference to discuss 
changing the basic treaties so as to 
enforce political integration. 

Britain. Greece and Denmark 
voted against the special meeting, 
while all the six founding members 
— Belgium, France. West Germa- 
ny. Italy, Luxembourg and the 
Netherlands — were in favor, as 
was Ireland- 

Prime Minister Margaret 
Thatcher of Britain later accused 
her partners of wasting lime at the 

j a currency devaluation of 19 

percent, cuts in government subsi- 
dies of basic commodities and 
higher taxes. 

The negotiators at Wednesday's 
talks reported that they bogged 
down over how to assess the ero- 

*. v‘> ' ! - 

SPACE SHUTTLE PROTEST — Students at the University of Chile in Santiago 
burn an American flag to protest a (dan to use Easter Island as an emergency landing 
site for the U.S. shuttle. Some Chileans argue that the landings could damage the 
local environment or make the island a target for Soviet missile attacks. 

Syria Urges a Boycott of U.S. Airlines 

sion of real wages and how to pro- 
ject inflation during the three 
months of the planned wage freeze. 
Mr. Haberfeld said after the 

(Continued from Page 1) 

meeting that he was shocked to 
leant that the government had used 
a June 1983 base in its calculations. 
He said an annual base had always 
been used before. 

"Now 1 understand how 
misled the prime minister wii 
their projections," he said. 

Emanuel Sharon, director-gener- 
al of the Finance Ministry, said the 
government might be forced to act 

"If we go back to the existing 
wage agreement and cost-of-living 
agreement, well never stabilize the 
economy." he said. 

The two men did not schedule 
another meeting. The mailer is now 
expected to be dealt with by the 
prime minister and YisraeJ Kessar, 
secretary-general of the Hisiadrut. 

and vowed to challenge U.S. 

Mr. Bern, who took control of 
most of the American hostages on 
the fourth day of the crisis, also 
said Wednesday that he wanted 
“compensation for the material 
tosses Lebanon will suffer'' as a 
result of the American action. 

Mr. Beni, who is justice minister 
in the coalition government, said 
that he would try to persuade the 
cabinet to take the United States to 
the International Court of Justice 
in Tbe Hague. He also said Leba- 
non plans to protest the moves to 
the United Nations. 

Meanwhile, Sheikh Ibrahim al- 
Amin, the key political leader of 
the extremist Hezbailah, or Party 

[The New York Tunes reported 
Thursday that one of the hostages, 
Robert E. Brown, said a diagram of 
Lebanese politics drawn by a Shiite 
gunman provided the clearest indi- 
cation to him that be and three 
other Americans hdd separately 

from the majority of the hostages 
were under die control of Hezbol- 

lah, not the more moderate Amal 

[On the diagram, his captor had 
printed the word Hezbailah and 
then circled it four times, explain- 

Syrian Withdrawal Reported 

of God, reiterated Thursday ihat 

(Continued from Page 1) 
tween Christian and Moslem fight- 

the group did not plan tbe hijack- 

Sheikh Amin said, however, that 
the pro-Iranian party would con- 
tinue to confront the U.S. govern- 
ment. He said the party's extreme 
anti-Americanism was rooted in 
Washington’s “aggression" against 
oppressed people and its support 
for Israel in the Middle East. 

President Amin Gemayel of Leb- 
anon announced after a visit to 
Damascus that it was likely that 
Syrian troops would form mixed 
security patrols with Lebanese 
Army regulars as a way of restoring 




2 Rue de Castiglione. Paris l er (260.38.08) 
19 Old Bond St., London (493.44.68). 

Western analysts now say that 
the predictions may have been 
wishful thinking by Lebanese poli- 
ticians or, more likely, warnings to 
unruly militia groups. 

Syrian troops were sent to Leba- 

non in 1976 as pan of an Arab 
League force to maintain order at 
the close of the Lebanese civil war. 

The withdrawal of Syrian forces 
bad been sought by both Israel and 
the United States as the Israeli 
troops pulled back from southern 

But Syria, which forced Lebanon 
to abandon its troop withdrawal 
agreement with Israel, has refused 
to discuss the movement of its 
forces in connection with the Israe- 
lis because, the Syrians say, they 
are in Lebanon because of a legiti- 
mate request of the Lebanese gov- 

Mi>ytnk 3wi ® 

Erf. 1911 

Just cell rhe taxi driver "sank too doe noo' 
■ 5 Rue Daunou, PARIS 

• Falkenturm Str. 9, MUNICH 

• M/S ASTOR at sea 


Reaching More Than 
a Third of a Million 
Readers in 164 Countries 
Around the World. 

meeting and said Britain opposed 
changes in community rules. She 
said West Germany was as ready to 
defend its interests as any other 
nation but pretended otherwise. 

Mr. Kohl said Thursday that 
Mrs. Thatcher should have made 
her points in Milan. 

He criticized the Greek prime 
minister. Andreas Papandreou, for 
saying after the talks that he would 
accept no changes affecting his 
country’s sovereignty. Mr. Kohl 
said the Greek leader was 
to everything that would 
the bloc politically. 

The chancellor said he and Presi- 
dent Francois Mitterrand of 
France would continue to be the 
prime movers for progress. 


6 Ministers 
Dismissed by 


in g to Mr. Brown that this was the 
group he belonged to. Mr. Brown, 
42, a medical salesman, kept the 
paper and said he planned to turn it 
over to tbe FBI to help identify the 

[He said he noticed several other 
clues supporting the widespread 
speculation that the hijackers were 
from Hezbailah and that it was this 
faction that took Mr. Brown and 
three other Americans off the plane 
separately.] . 

MADRID — Prime Minister Fe- 
lipe GonzAlez of Spain replaced six 
cabinet minis ters Thursday, in- 
cluding the finance and foreign 

Miguel Boyer, 46, the finance 
minis ter, was replaced by Carlos 
Solchaga, the industry minis ter, 
sources said. 

Francisco Feradndcz Ordonez, 
55, former finance and justice min- 
ister of the Social Democratic Par- 
ty, took over the Foreign Ministry 
from Fernando Morin, whose re- 
moval was officially leaked 
Wednesday by his own ministry. 

The departure of Mr. Boyer was 
a surprise chat upset the local and 
foreign business communities that 
had placed confidence in his han- 
dling of tbe economy. 

Mr. Boyer was considered the 
government's key minister despite ’ 
bang criticized from the Socialist 
Workers' Party and militant trade 
unionists for failing to reduce the 
20 percent unemployment, the 
highest in Western cufopeL 

Sources dose to Mr. Boyer said 
he chose not to join the new cabinet 
after he and Mr. Gonzilez failed to 
agree on certain economic and po- 
litical conditions. 

Mr. FernAndez's appointment as 
foreign minister was widely fore- 
cast because of Mr. Morin’s oppo- 
sition to Spanish membership of 
the North Atlantic Treaty Organi- 

The reported names of the new 
cabinet were leaked to tbe Spanish 
press hoars before Mr. Goazfilez 
was to call on King Juan Carlos I to 
present him with the list. 

Mr. Boyer, 46, had become 
known as a “superminister" after 
taking over the combined portfo- 
lios of finance, commerce and 

Under his guidance, Spain re- 
duced inflation from 14.2 percent 
in 1982 to 9 percent last year and 
turned a balance of payments defi- 
cit into a $2 billion surplus. 

There were few surprises in other 
changes, according to the sources. 

Abel CUbeilero took over the 

New Unrest 


- -0 

\ « * i 4 

d 1 - 

Reported in 
Mine, Town 

1 F 
i«t i **■ 

Indian Aide Says Airliner Exploded 

NEW DELHI (Reuters) — Autopsy reports on victims suggest that the. 



. . c w s £ \ 

By Pretoria 

Air-India Boeing 747 that crashed off Ireland exploded before it plunged O , • i l ' U 
into the Atlantic, an Indian official said Thursday. t hi ‘‘f 

The civil aviation secretary. S.5. Sidhu. said forensic experts had ^ * 

- 1 
) i 

The Associated Press 

black miners were killed in rioting 
that started with a wage dispute, 
and five other blades died in con- 
tinuing anti-apartheid unrest. 
South African police said Thurs- 

The scale of unrest appeared to 
be growing again after several 
weeks of reduced violence in black 
townships, according to a police 
s ummar y of incidents. More than 
400 blacks have been killed in 10 
months of unrest. Ten persons have 
died in the past three days. 

The mine rioting broke out 
Wednesday at Western Platinum 
Ltd„ owned by the British Lour ho 
conglomerate, about 62 m3es (100 
kilometers) west of Johannesburg, 
police headquarters in Pretoria 

Work returned to normal at the 
mine Thursday morning. 

A Lortrbo executive said the 
three deaths resulted from clashes 
between striking and working min- 
ers, and cot from police action. 

The police spokesman said a 
black policeman whose home was 
being attacked in Cdesberg, a rural 
town in northern Cape Province, 
opened fire on a crowd of blacks 
Wednesday evening and killed 
three people. A fourth wounded 
man died early Thursday, the 
spokesman said. 

■ Government Accused 

Akin Cowell of The New York 
Times reported from Johannesburg: 

South Africa's principle nonpar- 
liamentary opposition group ac- 
cused the government “or its 
agents” Thursday of starting a 
campaign of political assassina- 
tions against its enemies. 

Opposition activists in eastern 
Cape Province said they feared the 
advent at officially sanctioned dis- 
appearances that they likened to 
practices in some parts of Latin 

The allegations followed the 
murder of four black leaders last 
week. Their bodies were found mu- 
tilated and burned near Port Eliza-, 
beth after their car was apparently 
hijacked a week ago Thursday. Tbe 
dead men came from a blade town- 
ship near the town of Cradock, 
which has a history of resistance to 
the policies of apartheid. 

The South African government 
issued a rare denial Thursday, evi- 
dently designed to rebut the widely 
held view in black townships that 
the authorities were behind the 

“The South African government 
takes the strongest possible excep- 
tion to the callous insinuations 
which have been made regarding 
the recent tragic death of Matthew 


Mr. Sidhu. who led a team to Ireland in investigate the crash, said the 
autopsies showed injuries were caused by a sudden deceleration in the 
aircraft’s speed. This indicated that the Boeing 747 had exploded, be said. 
Av iatio n officials declined comment on a report by the Press Trust of 
India that Mr. Sidhu's team had concluded from circumstantial evidence 
that explosives placed in the plane's cargo hold caused the crash. 





India and Pakistan Sign 2 Accords 


NEW DELHI (WP) — India and Pakistan agreed Thursday to increase 
cooperation in agricultural research and to broaden cultural exchanges. • 
The signings appeared to signal a positive turn in relations between the 
two countries. They represent the first steps toward easing the mistrust 
and tension that have characterized relations between India and Pakistan 
since they gained independence nearly 38 years ago. 

‘There is a desire to move away from relations of conflict and tension 
to one of normalization, and possibly toward friendship and good 
neigh boriin ess." said the Pakistani foreign minister, Sahabzada Yaqub 


U.S. Delays Test of Anti-Satellite Arm 

WASHINGTON (LAI}— The first test of a U.5. and -satellite weapon 
against a physical target in space has been delayed indefinitely because 
technical difficulties forced postponement of the target launching, the 
Pentagon said Wednesday. 

Until tbe cause of the problem is found, air force officials said tht$ 
were unable to estimate when the test would be rescheduled. Tbe weapon 
is a two-stage rocket frith a heat -sensing homing vehicle in its nose. 
Launched from beneath an F-15 fighter jet, it intercepts and destroys its - 
target on impact. 

Two of the 12 test flights planned by the air force have been conducted. 

_ ■ 1 I L u iLkm at «tl i l (nMMf Ilta *t-t J 


but were aimed at a point in space rather than a physical target- The third 
test, in which the weapon was to have been fired at one of two urget 

balloons, had been rescheduled several times this year, apparently for 
t<yhtiirai reasons, before being set for July. 

U.S. licenses Spanish Computerware 

MADRID (Reuters) — The United States has licensed the Spanish, 
arm of an American firm to export sensitive computerware in response to 
Spanish government safeguards on exports to East bloc countries, the. 
company said Thursday. 

Juan Soto, managing director of Hewlett Packard Espanola, a wholly 
owned subsidiary ot the California-based Hewlett Packard Corp., sake . 
“We have received word from the Department of Commerce on hcensiag ■ 

.J 1 « 

j aC said ibc Finn would invest about 512 million in a plant in Barcelona 
that will produce digital plotters, used to trace graphs on display screens." 
“We plan to export 90 per cent of our output to Europe. Africa and the 
Mideast, with yearly sales forecast at 550 million by 1989 when the plant- 
is in fuD swing," Mr. Soto said. 

Hawke Bows to Pressure on Tax Plan 

CANBERRA, Australia (Reuters) — Prime Minister Bob Hawke' ; 
dropped parts of his tax reform proposals Thursday to appease business- 
men, trade unions and community leaders who have denounced the 

reforms. ..... , • 

Mr. Hawke cut controversial parts of the plan, including personal tax 
cuts of up to 10 percent that would have been covered by a universal 125- 
percent sales tax. He said the government would consider broadening ■ 
indirect taxation with a levy on services and an extension of existing 
wholesale taxes. 

An opinion poll Wednesday indicated that Mr. Hawke’s government 
would have lost had an election been held last month. It said that more 
than 60 percent of Australians opposed the tax package. 

For the Record 

Goniwe, For Calata. Sparrow 
Mkhoato and Didelo Mmawuli,” 

the statement said. 

“The government has persistent- 
ly tried to restore law and order in 
areas affected by unrest exactly to 
prevent such trade incidents as 
have occurred in the Eastern Cope 
where the internecine power strug- 
gle between opposing radical orga- 
nizations have claimed many lives 
and resulted in untold damage," it 

The thrust of the government 
statement seemed to be to blame 
the killings on the rivalries between 
blade political groups that have 
claimed many lives since township 
violence erupted in September. 

Despite the government state- 
ment, opposition activists said the 
view has taken root in black town- 
ships in eastern Cape Province and 
elsewhere that extremist white 
groups, or the authorities them- 
selves. are to blame for last week's 

At a news conference here 
Thursday, representatives of the 
United Democratic Front said 27 
persons were missing in the eastern 
Cape Province, the Transvaal and 
the Orange Free State. 

The drcumstances, an official of 
the organization said, “only allow 
us to believe that they have been 
victims of political assassinations 
or abductions created either by the 
regime or its agents.” 

President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt met with King Hussein of Jordan 
on Thursday in the Jordanian resort city of Aqaba. They talked about 
moves toward peace in the Middle East, a palace spokesman raid. (AP\ 
The speaker the Iraman parliament, Hashenri Rafsanjani, called on 

Washington on Thursday to take the initiative in restoring relations with 
Tehran, but be said such a development would be difficult under the 
Reagan administration. (UPfj 

Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia have agreed on measures to increase 
trilateral cooperation to realize an Indochinese “strategic alliance” wittan 
the next five years, the Vietnam News Agency reported Thursday. (AFP ) 

A Pakistani woman has given birth to septupiets — four sons and three 
daughters — in Punjab province, the official Associated Press of Pakistan 
reported. (R&aerx) ■ 

The European space probe Giotto, launched three days ago, has Wt its 
Ffl rtb nrhit For an right-month journey into space and an encounter with ^ 
Halley’s comet, the European Space Agency said Thursday. (AP) • 

Arne Trehott, a fanner Norwegian diplomat, on Thursday appealed a 
20-year sentence for spying. (Jtadm) 

W’KT/lfif? HfU'tiS 

By-Election in Wales Is Test 
Of Labor Party Resurgence 7 " ? 

(Continued from Page 1) 
trolled by Arthur Scargih, the mine 
union leader, and other “colonels 
of the left” 

Mr. Willey has kept hammering 
away at what the polls and the local 
politicians describe as the key is- 
sues — unemployment, cuts in cen- 
tral government grants for local 
services such as bus lines and 
threats to the National Health Ser- 

The sou of a former Labor par- 
liamentarian, he is a political re- 
searcher and tin? chairman of the 

local Labor Party, a man with an 
like Mr. ScargilTs as it 

Transport Ministry from Enrique 
‘ idzed for 

Baron, who had been critich 
a succession or air disasters during 
his tenure. 

Join Mallo replaced Mr. Sol- 
chaga as the minister of industry; 
Felix Pons was appointed as new 
local administration minister; and 
Javier Sanz de Coscull da became 
minister of public works. 

The government spokesman, 
Eduardo Sotillos, was replaced by 
Culture Minister Javier Solatia. 

Refugees Die 
In Somalia 

British Court Bars Bail 
To 8 linked to IRA Hot 

The Associated Press 

(Continued from Page 1) 

nearly twice tbe entire population 
of Somalia. In Sudan, UN officials 
say that a million children may die 
this year of famine; this is more 
than tbe entire refugee population 
of Somalia. 

Several diplomats and aid offi- 
cials said that some Western do- 
nors. especially the United States, 
did not (rust the Somali govern- 
ment's figures. 

“Let’s say we have great skepti- 

LONDON — Eight persons de- 
tained in an alleged IRA ploi to 
bomb a dozen English resorts were 
denied bail by Lambeth Court on 
Thursday and ordered held for sev- 
en more days. Tbe eight included a 
man charged in the bombing of a 
Brighton hotel last year where 
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher 
was staying 

Six face explosives charges in 

dsn.” said a Western diplomat 
No scientific count of refugees 

has been conducted in Somalia in 
three years. Before the recent influx 

connection with what police have, 

raid was an Irish Republican Army 
plot lo place bombs in hotels in 12 
seaside resorts at the height of the 
tourist season. A list of targeted 
cities was captured during a raid, 
police said 

did not acknowledge that lens of 
thousands erf Ethiopians had left 
refugee camps here in 1983 and 
1984 to return to their homes. 

Some Western diplomats, who 
refuse to speak on the record assert 
that refugees arc not screened 
properly and that opportunist So- 
mali nomads are lining up along- 
side the refugees in the camps for 
free food. 

In Somalia,' one of the poorest 
countries in the world, life in refu- 
gee camps is often better than in 
the desert, where nearly 60 percent 
of Somalis live. 

image as unlike. 

is possible to imagine. Even Mr. 
Butler calls him “nice Mr. W0 ley." 

Most of the polls show him 
ahead, some by a little, others by 
quite a lojL 

A victory here would cement the 
notion that Labor' is indeed on the 
way back to good health, so the 
party has put a huge effort into 
Brecon and Radnor. 

Mr. 'Kinnock has been here 
twice, and so have SO other Labor 

The major threat appears to be 
the alliance, which tends to do 
much better in by-elections than in 
general elections because it can 
bring all of its relatively meager 
resources of manpower to bear on a 
single seat rather than dispersing 
than nationwide. 

This time, however, there are 
problems. The alliance's American- 
style campaign razzmatazz tends to 
get lost m a district that covers. 
1,200 square miles (3,070 square 

Idiom etas), one of the biggest oon- 
stitueodes in Britain. And the Lib- 
eral who is representing the alli- 
ance, Richard Livsey, has found it ‘ 
difficult to settle on a strategy. 

In the early stages of the cam- 
paign. the alliance seemed to be , 
trying to persuade Labor support- 
ers to vote “tactically" to prevent a 
Tory victory. Then, as the Cower- . 
votive campaign flogged, the alli- 
ance switched its attention to Tiny 
voters, urging them to bade the j 
alliance lest Labor sneak in. 

Nonetheless, at least rate late ' 
poll shows the alliance on the verge 
of an upset That would do won- 
ders for its pallid image and woaW 
no doubt send its total in the na- 
tional polls soaring, at least for the 
time being. 

On Alcohol at Stadiums 

The .issoctaicd Press 

LONDON — A bill banning al- 
cohol sales at soccer stadiums was 
given an imopposed final reading - 
Thursday in tbe House of COOK 
mens and was expected to become 
law after approval by the House of" 
Lords and Queen Elizabeth II. 

Hie bill is pari of a package of 
measures designed to crack down 1 
on soccer violence, such as the riot 1 
that left 38 dead at a match in- 
Brussels on May 29. Belgian offi-' 
cuds said the not was started - by- 
English fans. 

V -»SR i 


0,l "‘Ul 

l v |,s 

FBI Joins Palau Search For President’s Killers 


AGANA. Guam. — The Ui>. 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 
has joined the hunt for the killers of 
President Haruo Remdiik of the 
western Pacific trust territory of 
Palau, and the island is under a 
night curfew, officials said Thurs- 

They said a 15-day curfew im- 
posed this week was in Mr. Remo-. 
liik'5 honor and not for any specific 
security purpose. Mr. Remdiik, 51. . 
was killed by four bullets from an ■ 
automatic pistol in front' Of his 
home in Koror early Sunday morn- , , 
ing. Atf onso R- Oiterong. the for- 
mer vice president, was named act- . 
ing president on Tuesday. 

•aaaafei-jiaSE’.iiJu -J_. issC jLz', 


Page 3 



^ rc ^btS^ 

i^Jdcr * 

iy.TJavid Hoffcian 

iPoet Service 

•A«Ccr ’ •’ .: : jKgte ffic” fgg Service 

hjj; exn^j 1 * 5 !^ %AffiSSGT6N — « President 

”’*n r; tJHkJ JtoMga. preoccupied with 
r « «r;y^, “ ' ^ Tiw tbefaostage crisMonlhc past three 
*» c^i:^ ,r ^ ^7 p^h»deidded to postpone tm- 
,,c tr Mt" flSeplwnfe 10 twa- 

*) ^ tax code, mid he may turn 

-effort-to mbdify the plan 
fc -,..» „• ‘>1 vy . _and prepare new defenses for lL 

1 ,r«" . ‘ ’ ,c \ -=hjp .“Afl-uifi special interests are tak- 

*'■■ “ Vjfeijiuf 6 ^ sad a White House 

Tm surprised it’s in as 
i* shape as it is.” He added, 
wiB pour on the beat in 

S telUte \&’ 

; , - firical support for Mr. Regan’s 

C - •e-e .r.dcf ;rj5e , v JJi popqsaJ & pvin £ way to uncer- 
> ‘- ,c ~7:! liuc-dtp? tflnty aboot its merits, according to 
a Washington Pcat-ABC News 

tO gD Up. - 

•t ?"■ -"-w :a £ House Ways 

'• i-'zj ; i ...srPr,^ mitt ee tax .wnt 

i- !h:, widt Mn-Reagan’s plan, but are 

' ^ -^stynned in their search for an alter- 

and Means Corn- 
writers are dissatisfi ed 


Mr. Reagan’s tax proposal could 
^mputerv# be threatened if House-Senate ne- 

• •U't-ir..' L»rjr.i-s 
irwi-rr, . F( i Z *• 

-r aj 

A L ..." 

1. 1 . 

„■_■ •; ; 


H Association Backs 

Higher Standards 
tiles Is fo For U.S. Teachers 

1 ,n/ijl Washington Post Senior 

tional Education Association has 
.... _ . 'r?J voted to support dismissal proceed- 

-. •-*■ ings against incooqjetcm teachers 
and competency exams for all new 
teachers trying to enter the field. 

_ r " ■ J . The two votes. Wednesday 

marked a shift for the association, 
the largest union in the United 
Stales with 1.7 millio n members. 
The mow was largely the work of 
•-: ' President Mary Hatwood Futrell, 
■■ who has been pushing her union to 

• - - get b ehind education reform. 

•••*■ cV The resolution on new teacher 

.... ■ gating advocates above-average 
' grades in teacher training school, a 
" : student-teaching period, and pass- 
’ ; l ing a rest that is “valid and unbi- 

.. ased > ’ for nitry into the profesaon. 

But the association reiterated its 
.„ opposition to tests of teachers al- 
ready working. 

.. Arkansas has tested its teachers, 

. and IQ percent of than failed the 

first round of tests. The union has 
apposed standardized tests on the 
_ r ground that such tests can be used 
‘IJitT-W 1- to disoiminate against minorities 
and wranen- 


1 Kin 

l i } i 

tP rt< 


Malaysian Cabinet 
Warns Journalists 


United Press Traermaavd 



K ,: 

.. .. KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia 
— Minister of Information Rais 
Yaiim warned journalists Thunr 

- day not to write stories ihairefleci- 
‘ ed badly on the government 

Mr. Rak told Bematna, the na- 
tional press agency, that the cabi- 
v wt fdt recent reports had por- 
^ tr^red the government as weak and 
that this conki affect foreign invea- 
, .« meat. Kfr. Rais said tbenews media 
l r: ' dmuM refrmn from embarrassing 

- officials by publishing storks of a 
"personal nature.” 

. Newspapers recently have car- 

• ^ 'tied stones on bank scandals, enti- 
- /iasmof the governmeni's handling 

• -fofa Joan and a report on a 

• -Jispuie between Prime Minister 

- M ahathir jjin Mohamad and D 9 - 
■■'. nty Prime Minister Musa Hi lam. 

Mafia Bosses to Attend 
Hearing for a Gangster 

Bonanno, 81, Is to Give Deposition 
bi Hospital on Crime 'Commission'’ 

By George lardner Jr. 

Washinpon Post Service 
NEW YORK — Joseph Bon- 
anno, who at 26 was the youngest 
boss the American Mafia ever had, 
will get the hearing of his life next 

to conduct foreign affairs with oth- 
er F amili es." 

Over the years, however, the 
“conservatives* like Mr. Bonanno, 
the ones “steadfastly opposed to 
such immoral enterprises as prosti- 
tution and narcotics trafficking,” 

some of the Mafia's biggest bosses 
expected to attend. 

Mr, Bonanno has always prided 
himself on bring “a man of re- 
spect." He bad some narrow es- 
capes, including a gangland kid- 
napping ordered by a jealous 

But he survived. And he wrote a 
book, an autobiography called “A 
Man of HonoT about the “tradi- 
tion” that Mr. Bonanno brought 
with him from Sicily and its trans- 
formation in America. 

Tbe book never made the best- 
seller list, but it got a lot of atien- 

“Little by little," he wrote, “our 
tradition deteriorated until it lost 
its connotation of honor and be- 
came instead a byword for gang- 

As a result, Mr. Bonanno has 
been ordered by U.S. District 
Court Judge Richard Owen to tes- 
tify “in a hospital setting” in light 
of his failing health. At first he 
refused, but he has been given im- 
munity and faces prison for con- 
tempt if be does not respond. 

The defendants, indicted as 
members and high- ranking asso- 
ciates of an alleged “Racketeer In- 

his reading last spring with an m- ^ attorneys ask the right ques- 

tions. The sessions, set for Tuesday 

A homeowner, left, and her niece view fhe remains of ho 1 house in the Baldwin Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles. 

Blazes Rage in6 States in American West; 3 Die 

dictmem of seme principals in the 
book — the reputed bosses and 

plan after Labor Day on Sept. 2, 

but would be forced to battle Con- 
gress on spending hffls at the same 
Sneif lhoe were no budget resdtt- 
... Bon by then. 

“tar Tbe^ White House is “desperately 

... „ * trying to keep" the budget and the 

tax pun “on two separate tracks," 

to. prevent the legislation for a tax 

overhaul from becoming a vehicle 
for a tax increase, an official said. 
IT* nil Ti\ Pi* Meanwhile, officials said they 
1 4 ** were concerned about criticism of 

f'ru-r V:.- s::c- ML Reagan’s plan. The “most seri- 

b-' -.i- .. . 7 -^kw ous complain C" au official said, is 
, - ■ ■ .■r-A-rr that in some states it would hurt 

middle-class families that include 
;y::. ^ two wage earners. 

r - . -i'zIjSL' “We got zonked” on that issue; 
; . j - the plan could be modified by 

■ v r * restoring the deduction that allevi- 

~ ares the “marriage penalty," the 
official said. 

■ .. ..V ■ "j;*’.'."" Mr. Reagan pledged that his pro- 

‘ . posal would be “revenue neutral” 

meaning it would produce approxi- 
maiely the same revenue as current 
law. But members of Congress and 
the nonpartisan Concessional 
Z ;!_• Budget Office have said that the 
4 ... r. _ii.r plan would lose revenue, a pohti- 
r» ; v »r: - cally sensitive issue as lawmakers 
L.-. ^ struggle to reduce the defiriL 

Tbe Treasury Department esii- 
. . i Jt. mated when the proposal was made 
. public that it would lose $ 1 1.6 bO- 
. ; .r- -" 1 km over five years, a relatively 

small fiiKXitm of S4.7 trillion in 

total revenues. 

. - Mr. Reagan has refused to bend 
00 diminatina the deduction for 
•i' state and local taxes, a centerpiece 
... fof the plan that has drawn aitxosm 
’ ’ .‘TJifrom politicians. in high-tax states. 

The Associated Pros 

LOS ANGELES — Forefiditeis 
continued to battle blazes Thurs- 
day in ax Western states after a 
week of fires, many of them arson, 
charred more than 143,000 acres, 
leaving at least three persons dead 
and hundreds homeless. 

Twelve fires burned out of con- 
trol in Arizona, Washington, Ore- 
gon, Idaho, Montana ana Califor- 
nia, where the state’s biggest fire 
burned for a second day near the 
Ventura County town of Ojai after 
destroying 52,000 acres ( 21,000 
hectares) of dry brush. 

- About 100 people living in rural 
country north 01 Carpmteria, on 
the coast about 15 mues (25 kilo- 
meters) southwest of Ojai and 75 
mOes northwest of Los Angeles, 
were ordered to evacuate their 
homes eariy Thursday. 

One of two suspicious fires that 
broke out near Ojai on Wednesday 
continued out of control Thursday 
after burning 250 acres, said Bob 
Besnent, a fire captain. 

The second suspicious fire, 
which began farther southeast near 
Santa Paula, destroyed 15 acres be- 
fore it was controfled. Captain Be- 

Firefighters successfully stopped 
tire 'advance of lOWoot-tafl (30- 
meter) flames that approached the 
resort and artist colony Wednesday 
morning. But a pincer-Hke pair of 
fires surrounding the town could 
burn IOOjOOO acres through the 
weekend, said the Ventura County 
sheriff, John Gflkspie. 

Irons binned at the town limits 
of Ojai which lies in a valley 65 
njDcs northwest of Los AngsSex 
Residents hosed their homes and 

moved livestock, but an order to 
evacuate the town of 10,000 did not 
appear fmmfnftnt. 

“We’re looking toward a disas- 
trous weekend if fireworks are not 
used in a safe manner and if the 
weather doesn't give us a break,” 
the Los Angeles County fire chief, 
John England, said. 

. Authorities in Los Anjgdes, Palo 
Aho and San Diegp continued their 
search for arsonists who set fines 
that destroyed more than 140 
homes in three days, doing more 
than S31 million damage. 

Three incendiary devices were 
found Wedne sda y xn burned brush 
near Baldwin Hifls in Los Angries, 
where a fire Tuesday destroyed 52 
homes and trilled at feast three per- 
sons, a Fire Department spokes- 
man said. The deaths were being 
investigated as murder. 

Judge Bars Arrest of Salvador Officer 

Captain Tied to KSBng of 2 Americans 9 LandBeformAide 

By Dan Williams 

Los A ngefes Tima Service 

doran judge, saying that recent tes- 
timony was vagne and contradic- 
tory, has refused to order the arrest 
of a Salvadoran officer linked to 
the slayings in 1981 of a land re- 
form official and two U.S. labor 

The Salvadoran attorney, gener- 
al's office said Wednesday that it 
would appeal tbe jndgeV action 
and attempt to have the officer, 
Captain Eduardo Alfonso Avila, 
taken into custody. 

No officer of fhe Salvadoran 
armed services has ever been tried 
for any of the many killings attrib- 
uted to the nnbtaiy in more than 
fiveyears of crvD war. 

Through the U.S. Embassy’s ef- 
forts, three witnesses came forward 
last week and testified that Captain 
Avila had admitted planning the 
three 1981 killing and supplying 
weapons to the oilers. 

Two of the witnesses are U3. 
ertizens; Cdload Gerald Waiter of 
the UiL Army, a former attachfc at 
the embassy in San Salvador, and 
his wife, Patsy. Tbe third is a Costa 
Rican. Carlos Aguilar. 

In refusing to order Curtain Avi- 
la’s arrest Wednesday, Judge Ro- 
lando Calderon of the Fifth Penal 
Court in San Salvador dismissed 
their testimony as “vague, impre- 

cise and fundamentally contradic- 
tory. It was neither clear nor deri- 

Any appeal by the attorney gen- 
eral’s office most be filed within 
three days. Action on an appeal 
could take months. 

- Captain Avila, an officer of the 
national guard, which is a security 
arm of the armed services, is a 
member of a wealthy Salvadoran^ 
family and has an unde who is a 
Supreme Court justice. 

The victims of the 1981 shooting 
were Josd Rodolfo Viera, who at 
the time was bead oT El Salvador’s 
land redistribution program, and 
Mark D. Peaiiman and Michael P. 
Hammer, officials of the American 
Institute for Free Labor Develop- 
ment, an affiliate of the AFL-CIO. 

They were shot with automatic 
weapons at dose range in the coffee 
shop of the Sheraton Hold in Sim 
Salvador. Two Salvadoran corpo- 
rals who confessed to shooting 
them are expected to go on trial this . 

Patsy Walker said in a deposi- 
tion that Captain Avila visited the 
Walker home in Panama in 1982, 
and that he told her he “was 8 man 
who had participated ... in things 
that brought grief to his family and 
disgraced him with his son.” 

She said Captain Avila confessed 
his role in the shootings and coat-. 
plained of having mghtmares. She 

charged that Captain Avila threat- 
ened her and her family afterward. 

The Costa Rican witness, Mr. 
Aguilar, said that In 1982 Captain 
Avila told him of his role in various 
“operations” in H Salvador. 

According to both the Walkers 
and Mr. Aguilar, Captain Avila 
also imp licated lieutenant Ro- 
dolfo Ldpez Sibri&n, who had been 
chaxged i earlier in the shootings. H 
^Salvador* s' Supreme Court dis- 
missed the charges againsthim last 

The Baldwin Hills Naze, the 
state's most devastating, prompted 
Governor Georoe Deukmejian to 
dedare a stale of emergency in Los 
Angeles County. Eighteen other 
homes woe damaged in the fire. 

Governor Dcukmgian declared 
a state of emergency Monday in 
San Diego, where the upper-nrid- 
dle-dass neighborhood of Normal 
Height was turned to rubble, caus- 
ing $ 8.6 million damage as it lev- 
ded 64 homes anB damaged 20 

Damage in Baldwin Hills was 
estimated at S16 million and at 54 
millian in Palo Alto, where 10 
homes and six other biddings woe 

In Arizona, a fire that burned 
8£00 acres in five days about 50 
miles southwest of Tucson was 
contained Wednesday. 

In Idaho, two forest fires black- 
ened more than 2,750 acres in the 
Qiallis and Salmon national for- 

-A fire in a remote area of Mon- 
tana burned 1,600 acres. 

Oregon firefighters worked to 
qudl a 200-acre range fire 30 miles 
west of Lakeview. and fire raced 
across 837 acres of rangeland in 
Washington, destroying at least 
three dwellings and forang 50 peo- 
ple to flee. 

runs the U.S. Mafia. 

Mr. Bonanno, at 81 the retired 
“man of respect,” is being forced to 
give a deposition about the exis- 
tence of the commission; its activi- 
ties and its members since he has 
said be joined it in 1931. 

Anthony Salerno, alleged chief 
of the Genovese family, will be 
there, sources said. Others expected 
include Phillip Rastelli, Mr. Bon- 
anno’ s reputed successor, and Paul 
Castellano, wham authorities list as 
VwaH of the Gambino family. 

And all 13 of the defendants for 
a trial of the families this fall are 
expected to have a lawyer in atten- 
dance, even though Mr. Salerno’s 
chief attorney, Roy Cohn, says he 
may send an assistant. 

Mr. Bonanno, the only commis- 
sion member to attest to its exis- 
tence, has always insisted that it 
was supposed to be only an adviso- 
ry council or “forum” over the 
heads of the member families. 

“As the Father of a Family, I was 
like a head of state,” he wrote in his 
1983 book. “1 did tbe same sort of 
things that heads of state do on an 
international level I too had to 
maintain internal order. I too had 


Baume & Mercier 

T 8 carat gold and steel 
quartz water-resistant 
Tax-free for export , 

r PiageL) 

. ^Monte-Carlo M 

3, avenue des Beaux- Arts 

Tremors Hit Soviet Republics 


MOSCOW — Earth tremors 
shook the Soviet Union's southern 
republics of Georgia and Azerbai- 
jan on Thursday, Tass reported. 

Sun Mynng Moon Sent 
To aBaUwfyHoofle 

The Associated Press 

DANBURY, Connecticut — 
Tbe Reverend Sim Myung Moon,, 
leader df the Unification Church, 
was released Thursday from feder- 
al prison and transferred to a half- 
way house in Brooklyn, New Yoik. 
He win live at the halfway house 
for about 45 days before his final 
release in August. 

The South Korean ttiSmous lead- 
er was convicted in 1982 of faffing 
to report 5162,000 in income on his 
federal tax returns. He remained 
free until all Us appeals were ex- 
hausted, and he was ordered to 
prison after the UB. Supreme 
Court refused to hear his case in 
May 1984. 



28th JUNE 
12th JULY, 1985 

629.8888 FROM 11.00 AM. TO 7.00 P.M. 





No “Star Wars” 

Appeal to the Peoples of the World 

Humanity faces the gravest danger all life on our planet is threatened. 

In defiance of the dearly expressed will of millions erf women and men of all conti- 
nents and the overwhelming majority of governments, the U.S. preparations for “Star 
Wars” are going ahead relentlessly. 

The so-called Strategic Defence Initiative has nothing defensive about it 

Its actual purpose is to secure nudear first-strike capability from behind a space shield, 
and thus threaten and dominate the whole world. That is why, while speeding up the space 
weapons programme, the United States has increased the rate of stockpiling strategic 
nudear weapons, of stationing its medium-range nudear missiles in Western Europe, and of 
the production of barbarous neutron, chemical and other weapons of mass destruction. 

The militarisation of outer space would mean tlx: start of a new extremely dangerous 
type of arms race, increasing confrontation and tbe threat of a global holocaust 

Peoples and governments pledged to peace from all over the world, welcome the 
be griming of the Soviet-American negotiations in Geneva, which provide a great opportuni- 
ty to prevent the arms race in outer space, to stop and then reverse in on Earth, with the aim 
of total elimination of all nudear weapons. 

But the U.S. insistence on the implementation of its “Star Wars” plans threatens to 
wreck the talks. 

The “Star Wars” plans must be stopped now. The Geneva negotiations must succeed. 

We call on all peace movements and other non-governmental organisations, all peo- 
ples and governments which stand for the prevention of nudear war, to raise their voices 
louder than ever in a world-wide campaign against the militarisation of outer space. 

If the “Star Wars” plans are not stopped today, it could be too late tomorrow. 

No Star Wars! is the common call of all peace forces. 

Outer space must serve peace and progress. 

RAFAEL ALBERTI Poet; Writer (Spain) - TON Y BENN Labour Member of Parliament; National Executive 
Committee of Labour Party (Britain) - Prof. ETTORE BIOCCA Director, Institute of Parasitiology, University of 
Rome; National Coordinator, Italian Scientific Committee ‘Medicine for Peace* (Italy) - GUY B1SAILLQN Deputy, 
National Assembly, Quebec (Canada) - RICHARD CABORN Labour Member of Parliament .(Britain) - LARS 
CARLZON Former Bishop of Stockholm; President, Swedish Peace Council (Sweden) - ROMESH CHANDRA 
President of World Peace Council - FRANCISCO DA COSTA GOMES Field Marshal; former President of Portugal - 
Dr S. DHAWAN former Hi airm an of Space Commission (India) - JAQUES DENIS former Member of European 
Parliament; National Bureau, French Peace Movement (France) - LUES ECHEVERRIA ALVAREZ former President 
of Mexico; Director General, Centre for Social and Economic Studies of fhe Third World - ROBERTO FIESCHI 
Head of Institute of Nudear Physics, Parma; Union of Scientists for Disarmament (Italy) - GEORGY GR ECHKO 
Cosmonaut (USSR) - Dr HEINZ-GtlNTHER FRANKE Scientists for Peace (FRG) - Dr GEORGE IGNATTEFF 
Director General, Quebec Centre of Education; former Ambassador to the UN (Canada) - JIM KNOX President of 
New Zealand Federation of Labour- - JAMES LAMOND Labour Member of Parliament (Britain) - 
Ch. MARCOPOULOS Member of Parliament, PAS OK; President, KEADEA (Movement for National Independence, 
Wodd Peace and Disarmament) - MORITZ MEBEL Director Urological Clinic ’Charite' Humboldt University, Berlin; 
Chairman, Co mmitt ee of Physicians of GDR for Prevention of Nuclear War (German Democratic Republic) - 
KHAI.EJD MOHIFT .1XN Secretary General, National Progressive Party (Egypt) - Dr JOHN MORGAN Minister 
Emeritus; President, Canadian Peace Congress (Canada) - EUGENE GUS NEWPORT Mayor of Berkley, California 
(USA) - SAM NUJOMA President, .South-West African People’s' Organisation (Namibia) - ALFRED NZO Secretary 
General, African National Congress (South Africa) - CAM1LO OCTAVIO PEREZ Supreme Court Judge (Panama) - 
JANOSH PETER Vice Speaker; Hungarian Parliament; former Foreign Minister (Hungary) - Dr CAROL S. ROSIN 
President, Institute of Security and Co-operation in Outer Space (USA) - Prof. JAN RYCHLEWSK1 Chairman, Outer 
Space Re search Committee and Committee fox Peace Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland) - ILONA 
SEBESTYEN President, Hungarian Peace Council (Hungary) - FIUFING StSSOKO General (Mali) - MILENA 
STAMBOUJSKA Vice President, People’s Assem bly (Bulgaria) - ALDO T&SSIO Ambassador and Advisor to the 
President of the Republic (Argentina) - MKIS THEODORAHS Composer (Greece) - TOMAS TRAVN1CEK Vice 
President, Central Committee of National Front of CSSR (Czechoslovakia) - Rev. CANON KENYON WRIGHT 
General Secretary, Scottish Council of Churches (Scotland) - YURI ZHUKOV Deputy to Supreme Soviet; President, 
Soviet Peace Committee (USSR). 

Page 4 


Life as Hostage: Terror and Guided Tours 

Nets' 1 ork /IffKJ SffWCf __ - Q„t I art Qvmn a niccmm 1 ii 

NEW YORK — No longer con- 
strained by their captors, the 
Americans who were hijacked and 
held hostage in Lebanon are un- 
burdening themselves of more of 
the details of their experiences in 

Several have described a game of 
Russian roulette played by one hi- 
jacker, who would load bis revolver 
with one bullet, spin the cylinder, 
aim at a hostage and pull die trig- 

Ralf W. Traugott of Lunenburg, 
Massachusetts, told of spending 
four days and three nights being 
shown around Beirut by a com- 
mander of the Shine militia. 

He said the excursions included 
a tour of the line separating the 
■ Christian and Moslem districts of 
the city and a visit to the nighttime 
. funeral of an Amal member. 

After passports were taken from 
the passengers, two of them said 

thev stealthily wrote their names on 
their stomachs in ink so they could 
be identified if killed. 

“Three groups of women had 
been released, and when l was 
passed by. my heart really sank.” 
said one" of them, Pamela Suke- 
forth. 45. “I really thought that was 
my last chance. That's wben^I 
wrote my name on my stomach.” 

Another passenger. Sue EUen 
Heraberg, a newlywed, hid her 
wedding ring because it was in- 
scribed with Hebrew characters. 




tors because they were afraid Mos- nrore responsible, levd-headed. 

moderate type of group. 

Dr Arthur logs, 33. said one . Bw Leo Byron, a passenger, in- 
canter had askedtnm to name the sisted there were no distinct^ 
Kis^feis expecting after two between .the hijackers and the Stu- 
Sic holy figureTapromise Dr. .re mihtmmen who took over the 
T^madebut now says he will not epum. “Once we were luken off 
LjZ the plane,” he said, “we were 

One of the hijackers told Uli 
Denckson, the TWA flight’s purs- 
er. that be would like to many her. 

by some of the same po> 

“The people who are trying to 
take a distinction between Hez- 

“ThaL's was the only time she ballab — the Party of God — the 
lost control.” said Dr. Toga. “The jihad and the Amal mffitia are, in 
guy was serious about the proposal my estimation, perhaps making a 
and it really threw Uli for a loop, distinction without a difference,” 
She was crying and thinking about he said. “Jihad” was a reference to 
her family and the thought of bong the extremist Islamic Jihad move- 
left behind with this guy.” meat, which has engaged in bomb- 

Conwell, Flying Home, Says 
He Is Rethinking Remarks 


left behind with this guy” meat, which has engaged in bomb- 

members of die airline* 

cockpit crew held a news confer- Mr. Traagott, a Massachusetts Arthur Tosa. a freed hostage, and his wife, Debra, in N 5 w ,t £JL ^£2 

(Continued from Page 1) 
States and said if released be could 
be useful to their cause. 

“I was appalled and embar- 
rassed," Mr. Conwell said. 

Wh3e there was an extraordi- 
nary closeness among the hostages 
throughout the ordeal, he said, 
there was also much dissent over 
conflicting attitudes toward their 
captors and the Shiites* views. 

"I heard and participated in dis- 
cussions that would probably best 
be not published.” he said. “1 em- 
phasize that we were a highly diver- 
sified group." 

In his role as spokesman for the 
group. Mr. Conwell said at a news 
conference on June 27 with ABC 
News, in response to a question 

aboard tne plane, wnere mey wac mm who held turn captive m Bonn 
kept separately from ihe hostage oncc offered him a chance to fire a 
passengers, who were divided into gun from the upper-story 

small groups and scattered around window of a building. He did not 
Beirut. The crew members de- aoCX: pi the offer, he said. 

Negotiating for Last Hostage: the Jet 

Uli Denckson, TWA purs* 1 
er, said passengers wanted 
to overpower the hijackers. 
She said die urged them 
not to try it while airborne. 

Two hostages. Victor Amburgy, 
31. and John McCarty. 40, said in 

scribed alternating cruelty and 

He described four days touring 

There were conflicting observa- the city with an Amal commander 
tions about political differences be- known as AkaL 
tween the hijackers of the airplane - Hc ^ me out and showed me 
and the armed men who took cus- arotmd ^ ^ ^ night after 
tody of most of the hostages in ■ “I told him I 

, t^y 0 , most ch uk mswgp. m night- he recalled. “I told him I 

Two hostages. Victor Amburgy. BebuL wanted to see this town. He took 

31. and John McCarty. 40, said m John L Testrake, pilot of *e “ 

an interview in the San Francisco airliner, said that the original hi- aty and m the country. He tiked me 
Examiner that they had concealed jackers “were replaced by another because I expressed an mlerest in 
their homosexuality from the cap- group, which seemed to be a much what was going on. 

United Press International 

NEW YORK — The Trans World Airlines Boeing 727 that was 
hijacked to Beirut remains on the tarmac there, and TWA officials say 
its release will require negotiation by the U.S. State DepartmenL 

“1 don’t know what's happening to that plane at this point,” Sally 
McEl wreath, an airline representative, said Wednesday. “I know 
we're anxious to get it bade.” . 

Sbe said a report that a TWA crew was waiting at Cyprus to pide up 
the airliner was not true. A crew win be salt race diplomats work out 
release details, she said. 

“It’s the State Deparunenl,” she said. “We don’t negotiate our 
planes. We go through diplomatic circles. ” 

“I certainly don’t look at the 
Amal militia as being al! benevo- 
lent in terms of. ‘We want to do 
good for the hostages.' We under- 
stand. we are realists, and we un- 
derstand they are utilizing the situ- 
ation for tbor own best means." 

“Fortunately, or unfortunately, 
whichever the case may be." he 
continued, “we find that many in 
our group hare a profound sympa- 
thy for the cause, or for the reasons 
that the Amal hare in saving. ‘Isra- 
el free my people.’ " 

Tuesday, during the flight to the 
United States, Mr. Conwell said 

that one former hostage. ~in 3 
meeting with some government of. 
ficials. indicated that I had said 
something pertaining to our rela- 
tionship with the Amal people fai 
he took offense with." . . 

“Basically.” Mr. Conwell said.* j 
think it was in reference to the 
statement 1 made that some of cs 
had built friendships or the begin- 1 
nings of friendships with the Antal ■ 

He added: “Our captors and my j 
captors were two wild-eyed fanu- j 
ics intent on killing us. I hare up j 
sympathy whatsoever for those t» g j 
individuals. 1 would like to stale ' 
that those men should be cauehif 
they should be tried, and 1 feel fay 
should be convicted ” 

Mr. Conwell said he intended to 
review the transcripts and tapes of 
tiie statements be made as spokes- 
man and would schedule a on? 
conference. He was not certain 
when it would be. 

Nicaragua. Cuba Sign Accord 

Ajgencv Francf-Prestc 

MANAGUA — Nicaragua and 
Cuba signed an agreement 
Wednesday for Cuban economic, 
technical and scientific aid wonii 
$85 million, the government h* 
announced. The accord is intended 
to revive Nicaragua's sugar indus- 





(Continued From Back Page) 


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'■* >i. - 

— < ijjfiKfc& ii&Urt- - > ■ -~v,— , --- • niww i 

!i 1TWDDAY, JULY 5, 1985 

Page 5 

M'S'. •>i'.'L. 

* tea*- l -L^ 


British Still 'Uncertain’ on Role in SDI 


!***•» Mr r. ,?d 

41 :n -' 

♦nt ! >• 

R By Karen DeYoung cud repeated last week. “The an- 
Wtnhiitgtc« Post Service ■ swer .was always going to be yes - 

fe^M^wdL < jSSly 1 ^ y ^ J S-S°adSn^^n^ 

Defense Secretary Michael .Hesef- ■ £***> ^ 

mm *»• h £ 

*We\! -'(v, * 

ESI o- t, ■ * .# 

ittaLs 5 ,» A ft? '.iiJ 

, Con**"- . ...'. " .-:• 

«S£~Tir^ ; 



^j^SHINGTON — President 

tf Ay^.Tifeflgari and Mikhail ' §. 

(j^prchfcv. she, Soviet leader, 
p|g&'.kAd~a' rwaing-'series of 
py^mg y ip each other's capitals if. . 
jfiBgMfcst rasskm m Geneva in No- . 

turns out wdL according to 
Secretary of Slate GroigeP.Shulfc ’ 
-^.Sfaalra said Wednesday that. 
il^fMo^leqidees.. had ashamed 

^STuIfaSS Bririd gov^menl^d^ fcy 
SSraieinnseaiditeitsSn*- q«st>of about the pngra and 

S t & * V- SSLtSS 

the government and given to pri- 
vate contractors for production. 

Use government's position is 
that any company is free to sign a 
contract with the program. But, of- 
ficials point out, there is little indi- 
cation that the Pentagon is ready to 

General Abrafaamson has made 
at least three visits to London. 

During his most recent visit, two 
weeks ago, be was asked if it were 
true that the United States did not 
really need allied research help on 

rosea aeiense aeauui mi^ucv. . — r — — c — „ , 

For several months a team bead- ^ offerj-d. 

edlw the stafTschief science advis- .*Wwg^mwih^^qv«- 
cr, Richard Norman, has studied uons 1 ”anoffiaal said. “There have 

[..US. documents on the research been no simple answers. 

I*. V-** - " T . a_An« iha iniMiinnc' 

progrS snppM its own docu- .' Al 2 ong u ^^^ l ^ : tPf .i innlfW , 

SrfblTsIffidS’ss *£ Kzdstf *> Js 

»jys«s s^assjssa 

r.moustry. - _ . .. nmaron.^ Snma* of the » 

The British government ac- 
knowledges that to refuse partici- 
pation in the project is to cut itself 
off from participating in potential 
technological advances in a way 
that it cannot afford. 

“There are lots of good things in 
the SDL” the foreign policy official 
said. “I just wish it had been done 
in a different way." 

the prqject, that American science 
could “go it aloner 

General Abrahamson paused. “I 
think we have a capability to do 
these kinds of things,” he said. “But 
remember, the one thing we can’t 
go alone is, we can't provide for the 
common defense of the West. Our 
security is inextricably linked to- 
gether. Therefore, it doesn't make 
sense to try and go it alone,” 

^''■'■^3 ■: 

*»* He £**4 ; 

It ^ ^(fe ‘ 

\ Tlmre* said an official in- opMt pregr^ «*■“£. 
jvolved in the process, is “a great 


*i fmm Lr E 

• s • T,^. 

i Sr 

■ £*=* 

r •".'ixii'c' j 


tew «osa*j!l 
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> ••- • r »7 f rr" 

»lt -•.-it : Kcr jc 

^jyyeaMStrocthie rektion^up” 

. a^t-pmerBe-from the November 
but he cautitmed that ma- 
joE^feaitts peasted. . 

10*5 Soviet Union, announced 
Wednesday that Mr. Gorbachev . 
wAibe in France from Oct 2 
tiotn&h 5 before the meeting with 
P tftgj flmf Beagan on. Nov. 19 and 
za;." . .• 

■ Administration officials said 
, Wednesday that the nearly .five 
: months leading op to the Reagan- 
Goifcactev meeting should mdi*- 
catw&the dedaon to bold the first 

- Soriet- American summit meetiiig 
in six yeats presaged a significant 
tjnprov^BezU in relations or would 
^ymiderstxse the persisting dlf- - 
Xereaoes. - . 

Discussing the November ses- 
sions, Mr. Siultz said Mr. Reagan 
wanted ^ use his initial meeting 
with a Spyiet leader “to deepen our 
dialcsoe'mid to lay the basis for 
practical steps to improve UiL-So- . 

He said that the decision to hold 
. the first meeting m Geneva was a 
rrtmp romisc- but that if it “moves' 
alongin a reasonable way, there's a 

- gnat deal to be said fix' the two . 

- «nnst powerful countries In the 

Having the meetings between 
. their heads of stale in their own 

Me* Shnltz' stressed that Mr. 
Ragmt and Mr. Gorbachev want-; 
ed ^e initial session to -be more 
'than jilst a “get acquainted" meet- 
ing. .. 

- “As the president sees it,” Mr. 

I uncertainty in our minds” over how alOTogn 

i Britain wifi fit imo what the direo- After all,a 

y official not- 

l* DnOUll WUi 111 UIIV wu*! un< «mw . , r 

[r’lDf of the defense initiative, Lieu- lascr - _ . . __ _ , , 

h tenant General James A. Abraham- • Will sensitive : U IS. technology 

Mefanet AK Agcat gestures as ^ te 

Vson of the U5. Air Force, has ' be available to British scientists 
'called "a new strategy for the fu- collaborating with the research 


By John Tagliabuc 

_ ■ New York Tima Strricc „ 

ROME — The oonvfcted papal 
assailant, Mehmet AH Agca, ac- 
knowledged TTmrsdaythatheal- 
tered his testimony ;aguna alleged 
Bul garian abcotnplices in a plot , to 
kill Pope John Paul IL. after, he was 

Mr. Agra seined to nmfdire tiie . 
latter view, vdtehlhe said .many}®- 1 . 
. vends hi pretrial • testinraiy wore . 

u«> - r, f t . 

Although the details of this strai- yicumtoUJS. 
ay are unclear. President Ronald is the door tl 

program? Or wiD the program fall 
victim to UiL charges that Europe 
is the door through which much 

: UUVIQU, A iwiuwu SWWMV — „ *- r 7 _ _ , . . 

t’s “star wars” program cn- Western technology is leaked to tlx 

. ■ IM ■ * _ _ .1 MmO 



convinced they Had engineered the 
kidnapping ot an Italian schoolgid 
to obtain his release from prison. 

Mr. Agca’5 testimony, condud- 
ing the axlh week, of a trial here 
against right people accused , of 
conspiring to loll the pope, exem- 
plifies the way he repeatedly al- 
tered his vennon of events during 
the 23-month investigation leading' 
to the trial, to parlay 1,5 freedom, u 
ftiw underscores the court’s task m 
separating fact fnxn fantasy in his 

Mr. Agca's explanation bow the 
ifidnap pin g idates to his case con- 
trasted tn its sobriety wth an earli- 
er account, when ' he said it was 
enjgmeeared by the spurious Propa- 
ganda-2 Masonic lodge because it 
knew that he was Jesus Christ .and 
sought 'to insert him in the Vatican. 
- Some trial observers said. Mr. 
Agca’s reversal illustrated his unre- 
as a witness. By. contrast, 
others said it. might jThirnrnate the 
purpose of farfetched statements, 
imaudmg chums to divinity, as a 
TTvang to avoid dosa cross-exami- 
nation and confuse Ins interroga- 
tors. ' 

Shultz said, “the best way to gel 
aoniflinted is through serious, sub- 

acquainled is through serious, sub- 
stantive discussion of the principal 
issues between our countries. And 
from what I can see, the way the 
Soviet Union will approach: this 
meetiqgtWewiD both Be wanting to 
di sfflre, in one way or another, 
these principal issues.” 

Me."*. - " ' a-\' - 

. Tie 27-year AW Tusk, ^fio.' js 
serving a life sentence far<the J9§1 
shooting of the pope, k the key 
prosecutioh. witness agrimst t^jee 
Bulgarians and four other Turks 
accusedm thepmptxtedopu^pitn- 

November 1982, Me. Agca 
shared a wealth of detaflrwothital-". 
nm investigatorS/aboui an alleged 
fiwtfinfl in the Rjcsne apartment of 
SeigeiL Antcmovla^ulgariim ms - . 
fine employee and' one of- the se- - 

cosed, on May 10, 1 98U three days 
before theriwbipjg ot the pOpc^to 
plan the attack. 

Under ooss-dcanrination by’the 
public prosecutor, Antonio Marini, 
Mr. Agca acknowledged that; he. 
“said some things that were trite, 
and then retracted them.” ■ “ 

He sakl lhe abduction of Cnaan- 
oda Odandi, the danghter of a Vat- 
icanemplpyee, convinpedlnm that 
bis alleged accomplices “sought an 
exchange” rf the guf s safett ;for bis 
release. This prompted he 
said, to “render less weighty’; bis 

budget “hardware” contracts, jeal- 
ously guarded by U J5. members of 

'of S meeting in^; Until British uncertainty is re- ously guarded by U A members of 
^ AntMOvSamrmx^^^ f there can be no official re-. Congress fm then own distnei* 
a^tw^^^ni^toHsassertioml spimse to the U.S. invitation. Al- how much will be left for Europe? 

the formal acceptance the -Let’s face it.” said a government 
^Sr^S?Sie.hesaid, ?govd^t hoped cotS be trms- scientist, “the realty big romey on 

WSZSh. * -4 ;g>vcmmmt hogai conld be lra 

X K «d of wFb ■* 

But Mr- Agca iqihdd Hi charge delayed until Ibe fail ■ 

.. . iii.; . DuTmnan • & I'/'nf' int to a numb 

rite SDI is g o in g to be if and when I 
somebody moves toward hardware. 1 
A major doubt in Europe is wfaeth- 

neqreu defense officials, Britain s uncex- Additionally, alhed 

UJC pope. - _ . . _ , I I. iuar. . j 

K&^itonov the side Bulgarian j'tainty does not exteiW to the over- must decide bow closely they want 
rn Itelian custody, is confineddur-l all concept of research into a mis- to oversee and control (he activities 
™ vj_, i ..j xj Tint ni* it Ann in snace. of private industiy that are related 

UUUgU a rail l l i t l UK - • . 

Miss (MandTs- abductixs have 
repeatedly demanded Mr. Agqi’s ; 
release in exchang e far the gilTs 
safety. . - 

News of the abduction was first 

irist the trial ses^ms and did not sile defense in space. of private indusay that are related 

t«Kt to Mr. Agca’s charges. Prime Minister Margaret to tire UB. researm progain. in 

Mr. iMtca also reversed for a seo- ' Thaidrer, eating Soviet programs, Britain, although Pnme Minister 
ondthneThmsday his account of a has backed the U.S. resemch in Margaret Thatchers government 
ooiDortednlbi to murder Lech Wa- J mare expfidt terms than any other oRioses mterferenoe m the private 
f Poland's harmed Sol- allied leader. sector,, mudi <rf tire military re- 

idaritv trade union, during a visit to J- “We've said yes," a senior offi- search and development is done by 
Romem l98L _ y . : 

first nSd and then reacted;: fi rman Polltkaail Tried in Robbery 

cha rges that a Bulgarian cffidal, J 

Ivan T. Donchev, sought to enlist., Reuters joumed Thnrsday after 20 minntes 

him in a plot to kiD Mr: Walesa. BADEN-BADEN, West Germa- to consider objections submitted 

Mr. Agca - backtracked again.: ny a prominent West German by Mr. Scholl's lawyers. Mr. Scholl 
Thursday; Maiming now that he^ roponal politician, Hans-Otto has denied the charges. 

first met Mr. Dondiev is 1981 at® SchtiL, wenton trial here Thursday, 

the Rome apartment of another': with robbing a jewelry 

Bulgarian diplomat Plans to IdD rtore at gunpoint in Decmnber r p^T^paallM Smt 
the Polish union leader, he raid, .* jgg^ taking jewels worth 2.6 m3- 0 

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b*g aeae 

Pravda’s Editor 
SayBU.S. ADies 
Urged a Summit 




iv « 0*U | 

» USA ^41 Wj; 

The Associated Press . 

MOSCOW — The edior of . 
PravdaiVUrtorG. Afanasiycv K said 
Uuiisday that Mflchafl S. Gorba- 
chev's dedaoa to meet with Presi-. 
dent Reagan in. November was 

based in. part ou the desires of West 

European leaden. 

Mr. Afanasyev, editor m chief of 
tire Communist Party newspaper, 
said that the Soviet leader’s agree- - 
meat to hold a summit resulted 
from long negotiations, and that 
US. allies and Aixnand Hamm er, 
the American industrialist, played 
significant redes. 

“The allies, beginning with 
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher 
of Rriiam, and down the line, were 
very T TM»eh in favor of such a meet- 
ing" Mr. Afanastyev said. 

Warned on 

ice ' gad injuring two euqjloyees with PARIS — A Paris court Thurs- 

blows on the bead. day threw out a fibel suit by Jean- 

— Mr SchoD, 52, who lives next to Marie Le Pen, the head of the far 

- if Chancellor Helmut KohL was right National Front, against the 

rhaimum <>f the Rhindand-Palati- newspaper Liberation, which had 
- naie state branch of the liberal Free accused him of torture in the Algo- 
l Democratic Party from 1974 to dan War. The. court said he could 

• v 1981, and is farmer head of the not invoke attacks on his reputa- 

• •' national association of pharmaceu- turn since he has “constantly ap- 
■ i tkal industries in West Germany, proved and justified the use of ux- 

Tlie stale court trial was ad- ture in the fight against terronsm. 

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TOKYO MEETING -^ Foreign Minister Hans-Bie- 
trich Gensdier of West Germany, left, metjnMES^y 
with Prime ^ Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone of Japan. He 
called for rarity in dealing with the Soviet Union, a Bonn 
official reported, and Mr. Nakasone agreed. 

12 iv gcoiquV tel 723.32.52 


China Frees Catholic Bishop effortstoi^uce theU^-tradcdef- 

» ■» i* m T x 17 . idt with Japan, which reached $37 

Jaded for Nearly 30 Years 

(Continued from Page l) traitor^ who used refigion. as a ^^pajjese offitiaS^said Mr. Na- 
onment has bw r> a standing ire- doak.” • _ . tamne reolied that his Bowenuneat 

mind er of the realities of rdigmn in 

.. . • % John Burgess 

^ . WasMuttfonPa&s Service , 

'TOKYO — A 'delegation from 
the U.S~ House of Representatives 
warned Prime Minister Yasuhiro 
Nakasone on Thursday that Japan 
must move forcefully to open its 
market further to foreign goods or 
face retaliatory legislation from 

- Six members of tire Northeast- 
Midwest Congressional Oralition, 
representing areas of the United 
States where industry has been hit 
particularly hard by Japanese im- 
ports, defivered the message during 
a 45-minute meeting with Mr. Na- 
kasone at his office: 

They were the latest U.SL offi- 
cials to press Mr. Nakasone per- 
- sonafly in recent months for action 
on trade. The prime minister is now 
overseeing the drafting of a set of 
measures to open Japanese mar- 
kets. The measures are to be an- 
nounced later this month. 

At the meeting. Representative 
Berkley W. Bedell, Democrat of 
Iowa, praised. Mr. Nakasone for his 
efforts to reduce the U-S. trade def- 
. idt with Japan, which reached $37 : 
billion last year. But he said that 

more action was needed to head off 

minder of the realities of religion in According to records coo^ucu waj qnjckJy. He calle 

aSmat a lime when tire^ram- byAnm^fcwm^todo^ ^ Uniled states to bdn -by 
i r iu. nAnnii tku cr oraa niza tiops monitoring human nwima thi>.hi«h vnliunf thed 


replied that his governnrent 
jvrog quickly. He called on 

Ulina at a umc WUCU UK r , hum tin ““ w 

mat has Tostfered the notion that ^jOingtirehi 

all faiths have been released from w ^^ a Pf 1 - 

Communist Party controL 

... . ■ . j,-,* U.L..1-J some who wore released ana re- a Jaraurest 

value of the dollar, 
uiies largely on the 

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-.-J the lead- somc WB ® w "° i™**" *“ A Japanese official said tire U.S. 

dttWHl arrested after Mr. Deng took power, group aSohLxJed over a letter to 
JSt 1 keS S ti^tehOTta Mr- ' Da *' s attitude toward reti- , ffr^Nakasoue from Thomas P. 

■ P 011 K.a mattery! dgMA Write- O’Neil] ifc. ■ ^emoaalfiura iMas- 


far and away 

. ,L_: r j-^fShiHry gion is a matKv -ui u cww. nuu* u rsail jr^ a ixanuiaiu. uuw moa- 

roo dama^ig . . . . some diplomats have suggested he sachusetts who is speaker of the 

Although the official might be edging toward an accom- House, and Robert H. Michel, a 1 

the pope s authority overLatnoucs die Vatican, others . Republican from Illinois who is the 

in China has not changed, recent highly improbable that House minority leader. The letter 

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iayi th« pr»si 

ui 0 consiaer n nigmy uupiuuiun^ uw 

years have see® a new recogmuon fac lo ] €rate an alternative fo- 
by senior Chinese offioals of the SilSE 

of theShang- 
he remained 

at the bor only Z^Ofn 
♦ 15a; j«fvlce charge 

and of tire affront that uunescaia- . ^ ‘ m 1950, he remained 

Hides have given to Catholics m 5taimrf ,|y j 0 ya] to tire Vatican al a 

other conn m es. time when many Chinese priests 

There have been a number or ^ j- 3^^ for doing the 
indirect moves toward improving sarac _ ^ September 1955, "he was' 
matters, inclutfing The invitation - , a .nationwide cam- 

was reported to convey similar ex- 
pressions of 1 concern about the 
mood of Congress. 

New Yqik Fights Graffiti 

Vailed Press International 


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indirect moves toward improving 1955, "be was' NEW YORK -Mayor Edward 

matters, inclutfing the invitation during a . nM ionwide cam- L Koch signed a law Vednesday 

this year to Mother Teresa, toe nun ■_ aUJ ^ sl “axmierrevohitkm- . aimed at combatting graffiti m snb- 

who won the Nobel Peace Prize lor . . way cars and elsewhere by reqmr- 

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her work in the Calcutta slmns. *• pive years later, withcwl l 
Mother Teresa met wito Vatican ]easd / hc was m«i along wi 

officials before going to Chma^and other wests, who rcceivwi x 
while there spent time with Dmg ^ n g rrtnn fiTe io 20 years. 

pufang, head of the Chinese 6 ^ — : — 

Handicapped Association, who is 
tire handicapped son of DengXiao- 

ping, China’s leader. ... 

Under the revival of the Catholic 
Church in recent yeart, several _ 
hundred churches that had been Wr ^ « p « 

dosed have been reopened. 1 C . A 


sodation, toe organization created ■ t3.3s mown-on ■_ 
by the party in 1957 to supplan t toe I ” 

Vatican as the church's controlling I If 2s skvtrmij 

u_j v ■ 1630 SKYTRAX3 

It was evident rrom the wording I 1730 ^ 

of toe news article on Bishop Rung u — — - ■? ’ 

that there was to be no reversal o» I sky CWAWMa 
verdict for him. The report careful- I for mom i mfoi m 

ly restated the reasons for his ira- I house, 1H9 st 

prisonmenu saying “he was ran: I teu londom 

tenced by tbe Shanghai 
Intermediate People’s Court as a 

their sale to anyone under 18. 

.r waiMreaTHEUKviASAreujre. 

"Europes Best View' 

13.3S MOVIN’ ON - . 


1630 SKY TRAX 3 
1730 MR ED 

1800 THE LUCY SHOW — . 

1830 MORK « MINDY 





2245 SKymAX 

TEL: LONDON (01) 493 IlfiS TELEX: 288385. 

T a Subsrription Manager, bUemationd Herald Tribune, 1 81 , avenue ChartesdfrGauBe, 92ffll M&dex, franca Tab 747 07 29. Tete* 61 283Z 


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S| 4«| 238| 


Page 6 

FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1985 

Hera l 

PnUkhed Whh The ?iew \oA TI»w mai IT* VaaUqpM Pv* 

Sribune. Managua and Washington Are Playing With Fire 

The News Was Covered 

The issues cry (o be sorted out in the debate 
over bow American media handled the hostage 
crisis. Hot journalistic pursuit yielded gripping 
stories, and especially pictures, providing both 
the vital information and the vicarious-partici- 
pation in drama for which the public appears 
to have an immense interest. Sometimes lost, 
however, were the proper relationships be- 
tween journalist and audience and source. 

We are not tailing hereof whether all of us 
at the viewing end enjoyed the spectacle. No 
one, we trust, is blaming the messenger for 
dismal tidings, which included anguishing ele- 
ments of personal and national duress. 

Nor are we talking of the evident political 
purposes of the hijackers, or erf the political 
overtones of statements made by some hos- 
tages in stressful passage. These elements 
were, unquestionably, part of the event and 
part of the legitimate story, as distasteful as 
they may have been to hear. 

We are talking of the widespread sense that 
television helped those who had hijacked, mur- 
dered and held Americans to “humiliate'’ the 
United States beyond the extent inherent in 
events — rubbed it in. There were excesses of 
taste, and they cann ot be condoned, no matter 
(hat the First Amendment certainly permits 
them. Some would say that the evident anti- 
dote emails a measure of discretion verging on 
self-censorship that is either unacceptable in a 
free society or unimaginable in an emotional, 
competitive crisis situation. Bui good taste 
should not be considered beyond the journalis- 
tic pale, least of all by journalists. 

There is the further disquieting possibility 
that television afforded terrorists a means of 
direct, unseemly and unfair leverage upon 
president Reagan and in that way undermined 
or at least burdened his efforts to resolve the 
crisis in what he fdt was the best way open to 
tiie United States. We take this possibility 
seriously, but we do not have the sense- that 
this is what happened this tune. We do not see 
that the ordeal of the hostages was extended or 
the price of their return bid up by the presence 
or conduct of television. The opposite seems as 
likely. T hings gpt safer for the 39 once their 
captors decided to go the television route. It is 
the earlier kidnapped seven, still held unseen 
by hidden terrorists, who remain in peril. 

We remain convinced that professionalism 
provides the best answers for avoiding exploi- 
tation by the stagers of events. The rules are 
right out of Journalism 1. Reporters should 
ask tough questions said explore the different 
aspects of the happening. When they cannot 
ask questions or compel answers, they should 
use the opportunities inherent in their com- 
mand of air ti™ and newsprint to present the 
story in context. These rules wQl go a long way 
toward easing questions from outside the news 
business and doubts from within. 

In this instance, the coverage had. as usual 
its disorderly and mindless moments. But the 
lapses seem to have been less important than 
the service to viewers who desperately wanted 
to know more about an event that they took to 
be a dark challenge to their country. 


A Common Enterprise 

In the summer of 1776, Americans consid- 
ered themselves (o be atrociously and most 
unjustly burdened by taxation. That com- 
plaint always astonished the British, not to 
mention the other Europeans, for by thdr 
standards the Americans were very lightly 
taxed. None of that has greatly changed over 
the succeeding two centuries. 

Irritation with government in general and 
suspicion of its intrusions, continue to charac- 
terize the American political mind at work. 
The Reagan adminis tration, the worst of it 
along with the best, stands firmly in the na- 
tional tradition. But there has to be more than 
that to the idea of the United States. Resent- 
ment of Washington would not alone bold 
together a hi ghl y disparate population. 

if 1776 had been no more than a tax rebel- 
lion. it would have petered out like all other tax 
rebellions. The revolutionary movement be- 

thai this new politics was to improve the char- 
acter of the people. This sense of (he common 
enterprise has proved remarkably durable. 

It is currently fashionable to argue that the 
United States is better off to the extent that 
people are left to use their resources wholly to 
pursue their own interests, no matter how crass 
and self -centered. There are many organiza- 
tions in Washington this summer promoting 
that opinion, frequently for reasons that turn 
out to be related to the tax legislation now 
before Congress and whether the top rates 
should be even lower than President Reagan 

has proposed- But from the beginning the idea 
of the United States has been that government 

came a serious matter at the point at which 
most Americans began to think that they had 

of the United States has been that government 
is not merely a necessity but a moral commit- 
ment requiring its citizens to contribute to the 
country’s development in many ways. 

Americans know thaL But they rarely think 
about it in relatively pleasant and serene times 

like the present- Adversity brings the country 
and its ideas closer together, you saw it happen 

more in common with each other than with the 
places from which their families had originally 
come. Not only were they against British taxes, 
they found, but they were in favor of a new 
kind of citizenship timt they defined in the first 
few lines of the Declaration of Independence 
— the pari about inalienable rights and so 
forth. The idea was not only that the people 
were to improve the character of politics, but 

and its ideas closer together, you saw it happen 
during the episode last month of the hijacked 
Americans and the murder of one of them. 
And now the Fourth of July has served its 
useful annual purpose of inviting Americans 
to recall the purpose for which their country 
was founded, and to consider whether this 
great enterprise does not require more than 
assailing the tax rate and George W. 


Other Opinion 

Japan Has to Keep Opening Up 

This year marks the 40 tb anniversary of the 
end of World War H and the 25th anniversary 
of the amendment of the Japan-U.S. security 
treaty. Reviewing Japan's diplomacy erf the 
past 40 years, the 1985 diplomatic blue book 
refers to issues more outspokenly than before. 

What is at first noteworthy is that the report 
strongly claims that Japan should sacrifice 
itself, to a certain extent, in order to make 
itself more socially, economically and psycho- 
logically open to the world. If foreign coun- 
tries close their doors to Japan, the free trade 
system, which has sustained Japan's postwar 
economic prosperity, will be destroyed 
Of course, we have some say in the matter. 
But criticizing America's fiscal deficit and high 
interest rates, and Western Europe's rigid so- 
cial and economic system, will be fruitless to 
Japan. There is no other way for Japan, which 
enjoys an annual current account surplus of 
S37 billion, but to open its market further. 

— The Daily Yomiuri (Tokyo). 

series of events, including last weekend's in- 
cursion by South African troops into southern 
Angola. At the same time, the credibility of the 
Western powers, which have often been pre- 
pared to give Mr. Botha the benefit of the 
doubt, has been eroded, too. Constructive en- 
gagement is looking increasingly threadbare. 

— The Financial Times ( London J. 

Crusader in Central America 

Botha Would Not Be Welcome 

Barely one year ago President P.W. Botha 
embarked on a tour or European capitals to 
explain changes in South Africa’s domestic 
policies, against a background of apparent 
accommodation with black stales in the re- 
gion. Mr. Botha would not be welcome in 
European capitals today. Such credibility as he 
may have enjoyed has been undermined by a 

The June 1 9 attack in San Salvador in which 
six Americans were killed sends several mes- 
sages to President Reagan The “centrist” card 
represented by [President Jos6 NapoleOn] 
Duarte may not be a winner. A “rmlitaiy" 
solution achieves little, even when local armies 
are saturated with technology. Mr. Reagan's 
claims of victory in El Salvador may be pre- 
mature, since tension can revive at any mo- 
ment. And his Central America policy means a 
rising U.S. death toll “North American sol- 
diers have started dying in H Salvador," said 
the rebels' Radio Venceremos on June 21. 

Lumping together the various crises of mid- 
June, Mr. Reagan called them attacks on 
Western civilization by ruthless, barbarians. 
Viewed from Central America, that looked like 
a clever way to spur on his crusade against 
what be sees as the forces of evil, with Mana- 
gua as their local Mecca. To make the case, 
Mr. Reagan appeals more to emotion than to 
analysis, more to slogans than to facts and 
more to fantasy than to reality. 

— Fronds Pisrni in Le Matin (Paris). 


1910: AMA Steps Up hs Campaign 
WASHINGTON — Defeated utterly in its 
attempt to pass at the recent session of Con- 
gress a bill creating a national Department of 
Health, the American Medical Association, 
following the instructions to get into politics 
and pledge or defeat candidates of Congress, is 
invading the various State conventions for the 
purpose of instructing members of the House 
of Representatives. It has been asserted by the 
League for Medical Freedom, which has been 
opposing all the bills before Congress creating 
departments and bureaus of health under the 
Federal Government, that the movement is 
fostered by political doctors for the purpose of 
fastening on the public one school of medicine 
and compelling the public to accept one form 
of medical treatment or none at alL 

1935: Hoover Sees liberty al Ride 
SACRAMENTO, California — A spirited de- 
fease of the Constitution as a guaranty of the 
inalienable rights of the people to ensure the 
perpetuation of individual liberty was made by 
former President Herbert Hoover at the July 4 
celebration at Grass Valley. California. He 
declared: “liberty has been under attack in 
the entire world. Whole nations have surren- 
dered their liberties to dictators. It has been a 
time of discouragement in which, with a sort of 
slave psychology, men would rather be safe 
than free. Even in America, where liberty first 
blazed the brightest, it is now questioned and 
attacked. These are times for genuine progres- 
sive action that wifi make recovery and pros- 
perity secure. There are thin gs that must be 
permanent, and the first of these is liberty." 


JOHN HAY WHITNEY. Chairman 1958-1982 




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N EW YORK — “Yanqui Go Home” is 
again being panted on the walls in Latin 

By Diego Arria 

America's cities. For democratic Latin Amer- 
icans like mysdf, it is a nightmare —and we 
blame both the United States and Nicaragua 
for their intransigence and dogmatism. 

The democratic superpower and the former 
banana republic are heading for a confronta- 
tion (hat could shake the entire hemisphere, 
listen to Humberto Ortega Saavedra, Nicara- 
guan defense minister and brother erf- the 

The writer is a former Venezuelan minister of information 
and a farmer editor of the newspaper El Diario ae Caracas. 

terrorist campaig n against the United States. 

Beyond this, t&erc is little question that the 
Nicaraguan government is moving toward 

am xer rpn w ortn and itlftt*TihlIiTV_ 

president declaring recently that if an in- 
vasion of Nicaragua took place, “Friends of 
the Nicaraguan people would begin a cam- 
paign of generalized violence against U.S. 
interests in Central America and elsewhere.” 
He went om “While Sandinist forces resist- 
ed invading troops, pro- Sandinist forces and 
sympathizers throughout Latin America and 
in the United States would be active in vari- 
ous ways. A direct intervention by the United 
Slates would be very difficult to confine to 
our territory. It would logically have to ex- 
tend itself to neighboring countries. Popular 
forces in Latin America will unleash their 
violence. The outcome will not be determined 
only by military power.” 

How have we reached this situation in 
which the defease minister of a tiny Third 
World country can threaten the strongest 
democracy? How does the Sandinist govern- 
ment dare to cadi bidden terrorists to arms? 
And can the Sandinists really expect the 
democratic governments of Latin America to 
support them in their opposition to a U.S. 
intervention? In fact, Managua would in all 
probability get such support. 

The nature and magnitude of these threats 
are clear for aO to see — and extremely 
serious for the United States and the region as 
a whole. The Sandinist government has in 
effect incriminated itself, admitting that it 
may already have organized an international 

Nicaraguan government is moving toward 
greater repression and inflexibility. 

It was, of course, not always thus- In die 
beginning, in the late 1970s, many democratic 
Latin American leaders —men like President 

Omar Tonijos of Panama and President Car- 
los Andres Pferez of Venezuela — strongly 

supported the Nicaraguan revolution. Along 
with some of the most p ro m i nent democratic 

leaders of Wcstera Europe, they were encour- 
aged by the Sandinisli’ promises and the 
seemingly broad base of the revolution. But 
they watched and waited as the months and 
then years passed nnd still the Sandinists 
faded to fulfill their promises. And by the end 
of this period of wait-and-see, the Sandiiiists 
had firmly entrenched themsdves and weak- 
ened all internal opposition. 

There has been no lack of evidence. The 
Randinkts * intransigence was finally con- 

firmed when they refused to allow tire opposi- 
tion leader, Arturo Josi Cruz, to participate 
in last November’s national elections- It ap- 
parently did not matter to the Sandinists that 
they would probably have won the election 
anyway. Nor did it nutter that leaders of the 
Socialist International struggled to obtain 
approval for his participation. The episode 
was a dear indication that the most radical of 
the Sandinists were in fuM control. 

But the United States is hardly free of 
blame for today's impasse. In pan. its respon- 
sibility is historical: It was, after afi. tire 
United States that allowed the dictatorial 
regimes of the Somoza family to abuse Nica- 
raguan dignity for decades. Washington kept 
the Somozas in power until the bitter end, 
thus allowing the relatively radical Sandinist 
forces to triumph over the other groups par- 
ticipating in the revolution. 

And IJ-S. responsibility continues today. It 
b no accident that the Sandinists, who repre- 
sent themselves as David challenging Goliath, 
have been able to win the struggle for inter- 
national public opinion. The near contempt 
that Washington has shown for the peace- 
making efforts of the Contadora countries 

(Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia and Panama) 
has contributed substantially to tbe farther 
deterioration of tire situation. 

True, the Sandinists have shown little inter- 

Contadora group with the total support of the 
region could have made — ana could still 

mtilfft — a significant difference in Nicara- 
guan politics. For one thing, it would have 
made it crystal dear that the other Latin 

American countries opposed tire Sandimsts’ 
course. Nicaragua would have been exposed 
as a totalitarian state and would have note of 
the moral and political support it now enjoys. 

No one can seriously prove that Nicaragua 
is a threat to tbe security of the United States; 
If Nicaragua were invaded, Humberto One- 
ga’s predictions would probably come true. 
Latin America would again become tite center 
of anti-Americanism, arousing and inflaming 
violent forces jusi beneath the surface. 

Latin Americans do not deserve ibis. Nor 
do the citizens of the United States, who 
could well experience violence on thdr own 
territory. Nicaragua does not have the right to 
blackmail our region with its threats: it does 
not have tbe right to involve us in an unend- 
ing spiral of violence. Nor does Presideut 
Reagan, leader of a great and democratic 
nation, have the right to blunder recklessly in 
Nicaragua. He does not have tire right to 
ignore the Contadora group and the Organi- 
zation of American Stales. Certainly, if Nica- 
ragua is indeed a threat to U.S. security, then 
Washington should inform its natural allies 
— theLatin American countries — ■ whose 
security Would also be jeopardized. 

Before it goes further, the Reagan adminis- 
tration should stop to consider what hap- 
pened to tire hostile graffiti on oar walk. If 
they disappeared for some years, it was not 
because they were painted over. They dis- 
appeared from walls and beans thanks to the 
attitudes of more understanding U.S. admin- 
istrations and to tbe arduous efforts of those 
Latin Americans wbo struggled to establish 
democracy in our region. 

President Reagan must not be allowed to 
undo those efforts. He must not be allowed to 
gamble away the future of Latin American 
democracy. That is the real “transcendent 
moral issue” in Latin America today. 

The New York Times. 



Against: U.S. Violence Might Swamp Second Thoughts in Iran 

W ASHINGTON— The outcome 
of the Beirut hostage affair will 

YY of the Beirut hostage affair will 
be intensely debated in Iran. The per- 
ception erf wbo won and wbo lost will 
influence not only future Iranian pol- 
icy in Lebanon but also the balance 

By Shaul Bakhaah 

of power between moderates and rad- 
icals within Iran's ruling coalition. 

us within Iran's ruling coalition. 
Tehran denies any link to the hi- 

jackers. but it has supported and 
funded the more radical Shiite groups 
in Lebanon. Its influence in the Be- 
kaa is reinforced by a contingent of 
500 revolutionary guards who arrived 
in 1982, with Syrian acquiescence, 
ostensibly to fight the Israelis. The 
guards help train Shiite milirfat 
Hussein Mnsavi, leader of tire radi- 
cal Islamic Amal. a breakaway group 

from the mainline and more moder- 
ate Amal movement led by Nabih 
Beni, is an Iranian protege. 

Iran has dose links with the influ- 
ential Shiite cleric of Beirut, Sheikh 
Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah. a 
spiritual leader of HezbaSah. He 
greets visitors flanked by a large por- 
trait of Ayatollah Ruhoujah Khomei- 
ni Like Mr. Musavi, he was recently 
a guest in Tehran, where he met lead- 
ing I ranian officials. 

In the South, around Tyre, Shiite 

village clerics draw inspiration from 
the Iranian example. Desiring to ap- 
peal across Moslem sectarian lines, 

has also cultivated Sunni clerics. 

Radicals vie with Amal moderates 
for the support of Lebanon’s Shiites. 
They dream of establishing an Islam- 
ic state on tire Iranian model Iran 
encourages these aspirations. Its ac- 
tivities in Lebanon have been part of 
a larger effort to "export revolution,” 
to encourage the establishment of Is- 
lamic rule throughout the region. 

The Islami c Republic has poured 
money into propaganda, meddled 
with subversion in Bahrain and Ku- 
wait and tried to use pilgrims to Mec- 
ca for political agitation against the 
Saadi state. It has established a num- 
ber of organizations, such as tbe 
World Congress of Friday Prayer 

Leaders, to work for the establish- 
ment of Islamic governments. 

apparent change of heart in Tehran 
came about as a result not of instant 
retaliation but of a slow squeeze — 

denial of arms, resupply of Iran’s 
enemy, diplomatic isolation, mouni- 

eariness at the seemingly endless war 
with Iraq and the faltering economy 
exert pressure for less revolutionary 
turmoil at home and for a less revolu- 
tionary wnagp abroad. Iran's rulers 
have discovered that they, too, must 
sell oQ and have access to Western 

machinery, technology and credits. 
And while the United States has 

For: U.S. Force Is Part of the Answer 

persuaded its allies to limit severely 
arms deliveries to Iran, Iraq has ob- 
tained sophisticated aircraft and 
weapons from France and die Soviet 
Union. Iran's cities are now vulnera- 

W ASHINGTON — It is urgent 
to develop a more effective 

YY to develop a more effective 
policy against terrorism. Americans 
in particular are increasingly the vic- 
tims of this ugly phenomenon. From 
the hostages in Iran five years ago to 
the most recent ordeal in Beirut, a 
lengthening shadow has been cast 
over the U.S. presence abroad. 

Why are Americans so often tire 
targets? Surely not because they are 
weak. Since World War 1L U.S. nu- 
clear and conventional forces have 
been largely successful in deterring 
outright aggression. Paradoxically, 
precisely because America is strong, 
the terrorists and their allies seek to 

By Alexander ML Haig Jr. 

The writer war U.S. secretary of state 
from January 1981 to June 1982. 

chin away at its morale, its domestic 
order and its international prestige. 

And it is precisely because Ameri- 
cans believe in an international order, 
in which necessary change can take 
place peacefully, that terrorists find 
their natural allies among those who 
wish to remake the world forcibly in 
their own totalitarian jnwg p 

Why has the United Stares been 

ture from Lebanon. There is obvious- 
ly a need to be prudent in dealing 
with such stales sponsoring tenor- 
ism, but prudence can never be an 
excuse to avoid the truth. 

The need is to deter terrorisn by 
lowering the rewards and raising the 
penalties for those wbo encourage it 
This includes improved intelligence 
and more effective defensive mea- 
sures. CIA Director William Casey 
has correctly emphasized improved 
human sources of intelligence. 

But tbe most important initiative 

is to rally concerted international 
action: political economic, diplo- 
matic and military. It works. 

Libya’s Moamer Qadbafi was 
forced onto the defensive in 1981-82 
by such measures, until nearly every- 
one resumed business as usuaL 
But America is under no obligation 
to adhere to a multilateral suicide 
pact if international action is not 
forthcoming. Then it must act alone: 
In tbe final analysis, Americans’ 
character as a free people is being 
tested. Are they too irresolute, too 
concerned with tbe ebb and flow of 
public opinion, too “short of breath,” 

ble to Iraqi aerial bombing. 

Last year, in what has since be- 
come known as Ayatollah Khomei- 
ni’s “open window” foreign polity, 
be berated those critical of normal- 
ization of relations with Western Eu- 
rope. In May the Saudi foreign minis- 
ter became the first ranking Saadi 
official to trial Iran since tbe revolu- 

tion. There is an attempt to repair 
relations with the other Gulf states. 

Publicly, and at least in the Gulf 
region, Iranian officials are trying to 
distance themsdves from terrorist 
acts. They blamed the recent attempt 
on the life of the ruler of Kuwait and 
bombings in Saudi Arabia on ene- 
mies who want to undermine Iran’s 
relations with Arab “brothers" — 

public opinion, too “short of breath,” wbo only recently were castigated as 
as the Syrians boasted after the ma- reactionary, imperialist stooges, 
tines’ withdrawal? I think not Advocates of punishing states that 

The Washington Post support terrorism might note that tire 

unable to act more effectively against 
terrorism? Three important fallacies 
cloud American thinking. 

First is the fallacy that terrorism 
lives on its own organic resources, 
independent of state aid We must 
seek to discriminate among the acts 
of deranged individuals, obscure 
groups possessed by violent political 
doctrines and the full-fledged agents 
of government. Yet, difficult as this 
may be, one thing is easy to discern: 
Terrorism’s success breeds growing 
support Libya, Iran and Syria em- 
ploy terror because they believe it 
works. The Soviet Uni cat, sometimes 
through East Germany and Bulgaria, 
bears a heavy responsibility. These 
states want political .change by force. 
They want to turn the balance of 
power against the democracies. 

State-sponsored terrorism is but 
one dement along a spectrum erf vio- 
lence intended to transform the inter- 
national order. If we forget this, that 
we are bound to miss tbe larger issue 
— the difference between democratic 
and totalitarian regimes with respect 
to international change. 

Second comes the moral fallacy 
that somehow counterterrorist ac- 
tion, which may risk innocent lives, 
would “dirty” America's hands. This 
fallacy condemns it to paralysis and 
puts the terrorist and his victims — 
and tbe United States is a victim — 
on the same moral plane. 

Force may miscarry; military oper- 
ations do gp awry. But the alternative 
to risking a few precious lives today 
may be to risk many no less precious 
fives tomorrow, as terrorists and the 
governments that back them become 
convinced that America lacks the 
moral strength to defend its values. 

This fallacy has just about crippled 
the debate over terrorism. We see 
senior U-S. officials threatening pre- 
emption when they have yet to suc- 
ceed at retaliation, and setting forth 
conditions for tbe use of military 
forces so ideal that they have rarely 
been met even in wartime. All tbs 
talk only increases tbe pressure for 
ill-considered action in the hope of 
recovering self-damaged esteem. 

The third fallacy Is die fear that 
concerted action against terrorism or 
its state sponsors somehow sacrifices 
more important issues. A case in 
point: the fear that a full expos* of 
the plot to kill tbe pope may compli- 
cate efforts to reduce tensions with 
the U.S.S.R_ Another case in point: 
the curious silence over the Syrian 
role in terrorism after the U.S. depart 


mmA M E Rica 

enemy, diplomatic isolation, mount- 
ing economic problems. 

Nevertheless, some members of 
Iran's ruling coalition still bdieve in 
active export of revolution. Tbe anti- 
American rhetoric remains intense, j 
The govenunentto a large degree is a 
prisoner of its revolutionary posture. 

And Ayatollah Khomeini remains, 
powerfully attracted by the possibili- 
ty of seeing an Islamic go v ernm ent 
established in Baghdad. Even as the' 
prospect erf exporting revolution to- 
Gulf states has dimmed, Lebanon, 
with its large and dissatisfied Shiite 
community, has appeared a more at- 
tractive arena for Iranian efforts. ■ 

During the hostage crisis, however, 
Iran maintain ed a low profile. It was 
Syria and its allies, not Iran and its ‘ 
proteges, who called the shots. U.S. 
threats of retaliation have so far- 
lacked conviction. but they do not go 
unheeded in Tehran. Moreover, las 
in Lebanon cannot stray far from 
Syrian polity. For Iran, toe priority 
foreign policy issue is the.war with 
Iraq, and in the prose cuti on -trf dial- 
war Syrian support is critical? y ~ 

Thus, after some initial hessaft®, 
the influential speaker of Iran’s par- 
liament, Hashezni Ro/saqani, an- , 
nounced that while Iran synq»tiBZtd 
with the grievances of the hijatkavit 
condemned the hijacking itsdf as an 
act of terrorism. Significantly, the an- 
nouncement came while tire speakn: 
was in the Syrian capital. 

This latest turn in Iran's rigzaggflg 
foreign policy is in keeping wimifae 
more moderate tine it fans adopted m 
the Gulf region- This hardy means 
that Iran win cease sup po rt in g Leba- 
non's radical Shiites, but it implies u, 
that Iran is having second thoogbts f 
about identifying itself with groups 
thai employ terrorist tactics. 

Iranian foreign polity, mirroring 
the internal divisions in the govenir 
meat, may continue to be chaiacte- 
tzed by an unstable nnx of botLmfr 
calism and moderation. A dearer 
polity will emerge only whei the de- 
bate between these tactions h i*-, 
solved ThaL in turn, depends oil 
whether Ayatollah KbomanPs men 
conclude, as they have in the case d 
the Gulf, that exporting rcvohrtiottis 
an excessively costly enterprise.',- 7- ■ . 




The writer is professor of history at : 
George Mason University in Foriftm;-, 
Virginia, and author of u TheTfapi cf? 
the Ayatollahs.” He amtribatewAH- 
commeru to The Washington Fast "r 

- - -A 


Some Ways for America to Fight Back letters f 

TIT ASHJNGTON — The need is 
VV for a nrilitaty-dipl omatic-eco- 
noirdc fireworks display soon. Here 
are some basic responses: 

• Close down the pirates' haven 
that is Beirut airport The previous 
Reagan reaction to terrorism — fist- 
shaking warnings and tiptoeing re- 
treats after embassy bombings and 
the massacre of marines — hasbeea a 
disastrous failure. Restraint has been 
taken as weakness. This is the time to 
order all Americans out of the coun- 
try, make a final demand for the 
return of the kidnapped seven, give a 

By William S afire 

can government betrayed civilized — expressing gratitude for &esjdent 
values. Should that not tove its cost? Hafez al-Assad’s “role" in the hos- 
The strong Greek-American commu- tage release — President Reagan 

trained in and often operate from 
Syrian-held territory under tbe Syri- 
an thumb. By publidy kissing the rod 
— expressing gratitude for Resident 

pity in America should take the lead 
in applying pressure. The U.S. land- 
ing rights of Olympic Airways should 
be suspended, American tourists 

xud take the lead played mto terrorist hands. Now the 
P- The U.S. land- Soviet cheat state can with impunity 
ic Airways should ^permit the intermittent humiliation 
merican tourists of America, force it to plead with him 

Who Helps Khomeini? - ^ 

The people of the Middle East, in " 
their desire to rid themselves of the 
corrupt regimes that generally .domi- 
nate the area and are in one . way or 
another linked to the United States, 
arc inspired by Ayatollah KhomrinTs 

e epi 

s hould be urged to stop going" to for his intercession and extort its 
Greece. American smokers should thanks for stopping what he could 

are inspired by Ayatollah Khnmeim s ^,7 — * l - 

success against tne shah. And yet it is [ ... 

precisely the Iranians, the onfy peo- | ^ - . 
plemt&hfiddle East ©have actual-., i t 

l\r a fmi J * - mu. i 1 _ - •*— — - 

brief airport evacuation notice and 
destroy the control tower, runways, 
garages and fuel storage tanks. 

■ Get the killers. By wearing 
masks at thor press conference, they 
showed their fear of capture. But 
their identities are no secret. A high 
monetary award might prove attrac- 
tive to associates wbo were not above 
stealing the hostages' jewelry and 
cash. Thieves fall ouL A big bounty 
from a “Stethem Fund” would drive 
a wedge into Hezballah ranks. 

• Let the Greek government go it 
alone Greece had one of the three 
original hijackers in its hands at Ath- 
ens airport. Instead of interrogating 
him to obtain details of tbe terrorist 
organization to prevent future at- 
tacks. Prime Minister Andreas Pa- 
pandreou made his craven side deal 
of appeasement, hastily trading him 
for rite Greek passengers — thereby 
giving the hijackers tbor fust success 
and increasing the danger to tbe rest 
of the international passengers. 

In so doing, Greece’s anti-Ameri- 

tdl Phifip'Morris to buy its annual easily have prevented from starting. 
S20 million of oriental leaf tobacco If Syria's occupying forces cannot 
from Italy or Turkey instead of from shat awn terrorism centers in east- 
Gteece. The U.S. Defense Fad Sup- 

em Lebanon, American smart bombs 

ply Center should cut off its SI 12- can — or at least can give pause to all 
million yeariy purchases of ofl and jet three who now perceive murder robe 

fud from Grade companies. To the cost-free. Secretary of State George 
threat of dosing down VS. bases, Shultz wanted to retaliate last year. 

.1 1 j . w. n «■ < . . - 

Washington should counter: Do we but Mr. Reagan did not want to ap- 
want oar naval bases located in a - pear brutal at election Hma 

ly experienced a fundamentalist gov- 
ernment, who are now rejecting it. • 
It is wrong to regard Shiite Mps-. 
lems as different from other 
beings. Thdr only desire is to live to- 
peace and dignity like everyone ctef. 
Accounts erf fanaticism , apply to a 
small minority who are financed and 
armed by tbe Kfacmcisu regime. 7 

London. H 

country that encourages terrorism? 

• Stop lionizing quislings. The he- 
roes among the hostages were those 
who maintained a sullen sOence in 
captivity, refusing to help tbe IriDeis 1 
cause by fraternizing with terrorists 
or singing thdr anti-Israel tune for 
the cameras. The quiet ones especial- 

ly did not succumb to the Patty 
Hearat syndrome of falling for their 

captors. Unfortunately, some hos- 
tage “spokesmen” earned the terror- 
ist’ water by suggesting that the sev- 

en previously kidnapped Americans 
not be included in negotiations for a 
rdease of hostages. Such collabora- 
tion and selfish ness, even muter du- 
ress, should be sea as contemptible. 

• Treat Syria as a tormentor ami 
not a savior. The Suite terrorists are 

• Americans should admit to 
themsdves and explain to President 
Reagan what the priority really is. It 
is easy to play the hnmamtanan, as 
both Presidents Carter and Reagan 
have done, by ded aiming that -the 
first concern is the safety of the hos- 
tages. fix fact, that is tbe second con- 
cern. Tbe first priority is the safety 
of all American citizens. It is aprionr 
ty. that tbe great presidents knew 
must sometimes put tbe lives of inno- 
cents at risk. Television naturally fo- 
cuses on the human interest, but a 
president is chosen to focus on the 
national interest If by protecting the 
few he jeopardizes the many, a presi- 
dent fails to do the most painful but 
necessary pan of his job. 

The New York Times. 

President Reagan’s repeated refer*, 
races m recent days to dvilizEd na* _ 
tious" and “barbarians” are a risky " 
rhetorical throwback to the era of the 
“white man’s burden.” America is a- 
frequent target for "terrorist” acts ' 
and because it is peroerred by many- 
aon-W«tero nations and peoples as 
viewing them and their concerns with 
arrogance and contempt. There is- 
enough truth in this p e rc ep t i on for 
U.S. officials to titiilk twice before 
using words that tend to confirm it. 

So long as America makes no at-' 
tempt © comprehend grievances and a 
refuses to reevaluate -ptrfkies that ’ 
provoke it, attacks wifi amtsioe. . . 


‘ Paris. 

K ;: - 

R 'Jr ."Per— o: 

• . i 

r : » 

Page .7 

’s Gothic I 

in the Clouds 

by Rebecca Brite 

.. .4ral Church of the Blessed Vn 
'Mary at^SafoburpIs the great < 

AliSBURY, England — The r»th*. 

* Virgm 


- some lights, it 

gfonldaot Still he standm g. 

Its foandadons are unusually shallow. Its 
towar and spire — the tallest in Britain, 
bf mrhta Jd ngly graceful, soaring just over 
400 feet with a lacey delicacy — are 6,400 
urns of apparent afterthought, and the fabric 
d the charch has been groaning under the 
strain for 700 years. 

Nowthe intangibles of pollution and frost 
threaten to accomplish what sheer nw« 
oner quite managed: If major restoration 
work s not done without delay, cathedral 
officials warn, the tower and spire could 
cdtapse before the end of this century. 

Urns the lover of Gothic architecture who 
has somehow missed Salisbury Cathedral 
would be wsfl-advi5ed to visit before the year 
is out, for next spring scaffolding will go up 
that will obscure its perfect Early English 
profile for at least seven years. But SadisBury 
has many other attractions, which, with the 
historica l and archaeological treasures of the 
counties of Wiltshire and nearby Hamp- 
• T | shire, make it aa ideal base for sightseeingm 
In I-, r southed England. 

-*X2$ On a hilliop just outride the dtyof New 


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Sarum, as Salisbury is still known in some 
offidal records, can be seen the foundations 
of Old Sarum, where the cathedral's prede- 
cessor and a sizable fortress stood. Quarrels 

the windy bill town's lack of amenities 

as water, led Bishop Richard Poore to relo- 
cate in 1219 to the neighboring river valley. 
The people of Sarum were not slow to see 
das site s advantages, and soon the hilltop 
was deserted. The foundation stones of the 
new cathedral were laid April 28, 1220. 
About a century later the old cathedral was 
usedasa quarry for the walls of the Close, or 
cathedral precincts. 

In J258, in the presence of Henry IH and 
the archbishop of Canterbury, the cathedral 
was consecrated. It was built of limestone 
from C hihnar k, about 12 miles (19 kflomo- 
ters) away, with columns of what is called 
:-:ro . sv Purbeclc marble, not marble but hmestone 
•: JUt. from the Isle of Pur beck, in Dorset, that 

■ *■ --n takes a high shine. 

- r r :.i . Even today, 38 years could be considered 
:rr " sbwt time for the building of a major 
cathedral; witness the decades of work that 
. : have gone into St. John the Divine in New 

York. Eft the Middle Ages, 38 years far such a 
structure was just short of miraculous. It 
may be that the builders woe helped by the 
discovery of a firm natural foundation only 
about four feet from the surface: a bed of 
Hint gravel in a matrix of chalk. Thn buflt 
on this instead of having to dig foundations 
as much as 25 feet deep; as for most' large 
cathedrals. . ■ 

Because the work was finished so quickly,- 
one erf Salisbury Cathedral's «4»i| ef character- 
istics is a uniformity of style wnqwi in a 
medieval cathedral It is held to be the out- 
standing example of Early Enrffrfj Gotinci 
A notable exception is the spire. It is in the 
later style known as Decorated. A vaguely 
worded document dated 1335 in the cathe- 
dral’s scanty archives from this period long 
led the experts to assume that the tower and 

r s were added as much as century after 
main budding was rmich^H Now it is 
believed that the project was more or less 
continuous, with wok starting on the spire 
in perhaps the l260s ot TOs, when the clois- 
ters and chapter house, were being built in 
Geometrical Decorated style. \* 

Whatever the date ofthis work, it is almost . 
certain that Salisbury Cathedral's cr ow ni ng 
touch was not part of the anonymous origi- 
nal builder’s plan. Die deck of the woks at 
the cathedral, Roy Spring, pointed out the 
lack erf records and said the truth would 
probably never be known, but die architec- 
tural evidence indicates that tire braiding 
was designed to be topped only by .a squat, 
square cupola, or lantern. - 
Adding a tower and spire instead caused 
immediate structural problems," the result.of 
which can be seen most dramatically by 
looking directly up from one of the four 
columns inside that bear most of the tower’s 
wei g ht; T^ c grea t nftliwwK , with, their deco- 
rative PurbcS marble shafts, are noticeably 

There are so-called strainer arches, includ- 
ing upside-down arches, at the entrances to 
the transepts to diffuse the effects erf the 
spire’s weight. Through the centuries, archi- 
tects from Sir Cfrostopher Wren to Sir 
George Gilbert Scott, designer of the Albert 
Memorial, have advised on ways to shore up. 
the Spire and ease the strain on the building 
below. In tiie latest weak, the tap 23 feet erf 
the spire was restored in 1949-51 and the 
tower reinforced in 1967-69. ■ 

Spring, in a study completed in 1975, 
found that the stone, weakened by weather- 

bnt above all by arid rain and other air 
lution, was ennobling away below the 
level of the 1951 work and that 18th-century 



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iron reinforcements had rusted. In addition, 
he reported, extensive work was needed on 
the west front, the decorative facade added 
to the building shortly after the main con- 
struction was fimshed. • 

The dean and chapter of the cathedral are 
trying to raise £65 mflfion (about S8J ad 1- 

ceremony in April Since 
“ ,000 has been raised. 

Salisbury Cathedral 


. then, just under 

^Polln tan ts from cars have been the worst 
culprits” in tiie deterioration. Spring said, 
bathe noted that the upper end of the spire, 
because of its height, is often in cloud and 
- mist, which cxmtnbmes to the weakening of 
the stone. 

Cathedral officials are considering run- 
ning limited (and expeotive) meriatist tours 
of the work in progress once the scaffolding 
goes up on the tower. 

T HE interior wQl still be well worth 
seeing. Among its chief points of in- 
terest are the oldest working clock in 
Britain, a Robe Goldberg-like contraption 
dating from about 1386; one of four surviv- 
ing 1215 copies of the Magna Carta; the 
carvings in the Chapter House, including an 
eeri e-looking triple-faced head and an Old 
Testament Trje»e that is a study in 13th- 
century dotting, amnm^ tods and trans- 
prat; and the modem. French-made “Pris- 
oners ' of Conscience” window at the east 


At the west end of the north aisle is per- 
haps the most curious of many unusual 
gravestones and monuments in the church: a 
miniature effigy of a bishop, popularly sup- 
posed to represent a “boy bishop”; during 

rm&. rJt th^rjtrhnAr ai rfinrfo - 

ters would be elected to act as bishop far 
most .of December. The effigy, however, may 
instead have covered the heart of the cathe- 
dral's founder. Bishop Poore. 

There are still boy choristers, the 16 tre- 
bles of oat of the top cathedral choirs in 
Britain. A choral service in Salisbury Cathe- 
dral is enough to convince one that women 
xhnnM not oe allowed to «ng soprano; but 
the purity of the sound is not only due to the 
quality at these boys’ voices: Toe cathedral 
is blessed, mostly by accident, with beautiful 
acoustics: Richard Seal, organist and choir- 
master, attributed this to the unblocked en- 
trance of the choir transept and the straight 
Hnen of the budding’s simple cruciform plan. 

This year it is Salisbury's turn to host the 
Southern Cathedrals Festival, July 25-28, so 
one may also he ar two other top chairs, those 
of Qdchesta- and Winchester, taking advan- 
tage of the aconstics hem 

When ajlis sung and done inside; howev- 
er, it is the extenor of the cathedral the 
views that entranced the painters John Con- 
stable and J.M.W. Turner, and the setting 
that add the finishing touch to Salisbury's 
r, and these are essentially 18th-century 
not 13th- They are owed to the archi- 
tect Jam» Wyatt, who in 1789-1792 stripped 
away, such impedimenta (he felt) as a de- 
tached bell tower, two chapels at the east end 
and a crowd of churchyard gravestones. 

The reaction, was very much akin to the 
mix of outrage and admiration that greeted 
VioDet-l^Duc’s work on Notre Dine in 
Fans. But the result is the now-famous unen- 
cumbered outline of the building, set amid 
an expanse of the seemingly never-fading 
grass that makes so much of southern En- 
gland resemble a weft-tended golf green. 

Virtually every bidding in the Cathedral 
Close has a stow, freon the literary 
used the Kin£s House, now home to a 
museum, in “Jude the Obscure”; 
lived next to St Ami’s Gate) to the nrusi 
(Handel is supposed to have given his first 
concert in England in the room over St 
Ann’s Gate) and artistic-sporting-poetic 
(Constable stayed in Walton Canonry, 
flanyd after the an gler Walton, fatter 

of a cathedral ca n on and friend of George 
Herbert who lived nearbyl 
Outside the walls of the dose — the gates 
are still locked every night — is a medieval 
city whose streets, thanks to Bishop Pome, 
are laid out in a grid pattern rarely found in 
Europe, hi the middle of it is. has always 

Continued on page 8 

The Art Boom Sets Off 
A Museum Building Spree 

by Grace Glueck 

N EW YORK — There can be no doubt that the tourist and 
retirement center of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, has arrived 
as a metropolis. Next January, in Knc with the tried-and- 
tnie American belief that you can’t have a city without an 
.art institution, it will open a £7 J -million Museum of Art, designed 
by one of the country’s most sought-after cuimrai edificers. Edward 
Lambee Baines: 

Meanwhile, across the country in fast-growing San Jose; Califor- 
nia, tiie capital of Silicon Valley, an $8-miluon to SlO-ntiUion 
addition is planned for the local art museum, along with a brand- 
new, 560-mdIion center for science and technology. 

The growth of both these museums, focused largely on contempo- 
rary art, reflects demographic shifts. In For Lauderdale, the change 
is from a transient resort population to a “self-sufficient” communi- 
ty where people live year-round — making up what, in advertising 
parlance, is known as “Florida’s most affluent market” The influx of 
high-technology workers has helped raise San Jose to the status of 
14th-Iargest city in the United States. But the two museums are also 
part of a larger phenomenon, a growth in art facilities across the 
country that makes the building spree of the 1970s, onoe thought to 
have abated, look Sice a practice run. 

Spurred by the enlarging public appetite for art, the rate at which 
it is bang produced and acquired, and a growing perception erf the 
museum as a community center, dozens of institutions, from New 
York to Los Angeles, from Seattle to Portland, Maine, are project- 
ing, constructing or celebrating the completion of new quarters, and 
renovating old ones. 

I N Manhattan, all four major art museums are involved with 
significant expansion programs. The Museum of Modem An 
opened its renovated building, doubling its gallery space, last 
year. The Metropolitan is readying its 90,000-square-foot Southwest 
Wing, devoted to 20tb-centmy art, for opening m January 1987. The 
Whitney Museum of American Art Ins announced plans for a 10- 
story addition that will more than double its space, and the Guggen- 
heim Museum will build an 1 1 -story addition Tor gallery, storage and 
office areas. While h is true that the concern of all these projects is 
20th-centmy art, the largest “growth area” in the museum trade, 
institutions with other kinds of collections are also expanding. 

New museum buddings have opened within the last few years in 
Dallas, Atlanta, Miami, San Antonio, Por tland and Anchorage, 
among other cities. Expansion projects have been carried out at the 
Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, the Baltimore Museum trf Art, tbe 
Akron Ait Museum and the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis. 

Additions to the Virginia Museum of Fine. Aits in Richmond, tbe 
Hood Mu seum at Dartmouth College in Hanover. New Hampshire, 
and tbe Arnot Art Museum in Ehmra, New York, will be unveiled 
this faS and winter. 

. In prospect are new or expanded quarters for the Los Angeles 
Museum of Contemporary Art, the Art Institute erf Chicago, the 
Seattle Art Museum, the Getty Museum in Malibu, California, the 
Museum of African Art in Washington, the Sheldon Memorial Art 
Gallery at the University of Nebraska, the Museum of American 
Folk Art in New York and the Vassar College An Gallery in 
Poughkeepsie, New York. This is only a partial hsL 

Since the 19lh century, erf course, tiie public consensus has been 
that art museums are very good creatures to have around. Along with 
opera houses and concert halls, they are a basic amenity erf metropol- 
itan life. But today they are everywhere; in cities, yes, but also on 
campuses, in small towns, suburban areas, and far-flung rural 
outposts. They are established not only by public, but private 
interests; more than several including the Norton Simon Museum in 
Pasadena, California, the Terra Museum in Evanston, Illinois; are 
devoted to the holdings of one collector. 

The museum derby goes on, a continuous race to put up new 
buildings and enlarge the old ones. 

ye a very compelling reason,” says Thomas Messer, direc- 
tor of the Guggenheim, “a collection of 6^000 objects of which no 
more than 300 are on view. We’re not shooting for showing the whole 
coUectioo, but 5 percent is too little it you have masterpieces in 
storage such as we do.” 

Plans for expanded Museum of 
Contemporary Art in Los Angeles. 

Portland Museum of Art. 

Yet, professionals in the field- ask questions. Are museums paying 
too much attention to braiding, at the expense of what should be 
their primary concerns — the acquisition and conservation of high- 
quality objects, the pursuit of scholarship and the presentation of 
exhibitions? Are they in competition with each other for the same 
kinds of art? WiU a number of them, after the glamour is over, hold 
out tin cups for support to the same all-too-fimte funding sources? 
And are all the new museums really needed? 

A basic reason for the unparalleled growth is that art itself, no 
longer considered an esoteric or avant-garde discipline, has entered 
the mainstream of American life. Thanks to educational efforts on 
the part of schools and museums themselves, as well as widespread 
attention from tbe media, today’s general public is better informed 
about art than any preceding it. 

“In the last 10 years, our membership has risen from 3,500 to. 
18,500,” says Henry Hopkins, director of the San Francisco Museum’ 
of Modern Ait, now celebrating its 50th anniversary. 

Another factor in their growth is that museums, how advised like 
corporations by fast-stepping advertising and public-relations firms, 
have become very good at marketing ana “development,” telling the 
public how essential they are. And to attract that public, they create 
blockbuster shows (or me^a-exhibitions, as Philippe de Montebello, 
director of the Metropolitan, would have it) ana other divertisse- 
ments that are not always of great aesthetic or scholarly merit. 

Also, many museums are bang built in response to tbe dizzying 
success of contemporary art. There is no doubt that more artists 
today are turning out more art than ever before in history — some 
observers, in fact, accuse them of making it especially for museums. 
And thanks to tax laws that favor donations, many collectors are also 
giving works to mn<a-nms, in some cases gifts that ought to be 
refused. As more and more art lovers collect the work — often with 
-the help of museum curators — then donate it, museums expand. 

A factor not to be overlooked is civic ambition. To attract 
desirable private citizens, corporations and tourists, forward-looking 
municipalities today realize they have to provide more than water, 
electric and sewage services while keeping taxes low. 

By 1978. it was obvious that the Fort Lauderdale museum had 
i its storefront quarters of 15,000 square feet, and an acre of 
i was acquired in a downtown redevelopment area. In 1984. with 
two-thirds ot the S7.5 million cost raised from business and commu- 
nity sources, construction was begun on the 64,000-square-foot 
facility, which will have a sculpture terrace and an outdoor restau- 
rant, and is designed with expansion in mind. 

Why a museum in a city only one-half hour's drive from Miami , 
which has several art institutions? The largest and newest, the Philip 
Mnmn-Asignwi Center for the Fine Arts, is an exhibition hall that" 
does not collect. “We fdt that nothing significant was happening 
there,” says Elliott Barnett, a local lawyer and collector who is the 
prime mover of the enterprise, pointing out that none of the Miami 
facilities is devoted to contemporary art. 

In that way, tbe museum builds a bond with the community. 
Aware that the fledgling institution has nowhere to go but op in 
terms of its holdings, Barnett says, “We won’t try to be more than we 
can be. We’re not the Met or the An Institute of Chicago. But we 
want to do it right for our scale. Fifty years from now, there’s an even 
chance that we will have built the land of collection of which oux 
children and grandchildren wiD be proud.” 

B UT other professionals confess to mixed feelings about the so- 
called “museum explosion." One concern they _voice L is wheth- 

more serio 
expansion • 

keep people interested is to do bigger or more,” says Linda Cathcart, 
director of the non-collecting Museum of Contemporary Art in 

“But I think better is tbe only way museums can gp. First you 
should acquire the art, then build your buildings. If you need another 
wing for your great stuff, OJC. But wings for not-so-hot collections 
and poor scholarship?” 

One thing seems certain — tbe huge audience for museums will 
continue to encourage their expansion, whatever scholarly or aes- 
thetic limitations that may impose on them. In terms of bricks and 
mortar, at least, they are a howling success. ■ 

c /9SL5 The New York Time* 





\€ ‘ -■ 

; ;>V V. 


CR - ' • 

Keeping Alive the Vanishing Metier of Sheepherding 

by NeB Platt 

.■* - 

I N Sauman c, a^ village in the back hills of 
Provence, a retired lavender fanner is 
looking for something to do. His mid- 
dle-aged son decides to bdp out: He 
will make & father responsible far the /ana- 
fly’s small herd of sheep. It seems a perfect 
arrangement. Since it is difficult to find a 
shepherd willing to work without pay today, 

the famfly will save money. The old man will 
. fed useful everyone 'will be happy. 

Soon afterward the family notices that the 
sheep aren't as healthy as t&eyooce were. In 
fact, they’ve gotten scrawny. The old man, it 
appears, never lets the animals get eooeghto 
yai. Eager to prove himself a fit, if dderiy 
1 shepherd, he strides round the mountain afl 
day long with the sheep at Ids heels, rarely 
lettiqg them stop to graze. 

The family gave the grandfather a good 
and the ewes soon fattened np 

I, the fanrity worries about how 

r win manag e when the old man becomes 
- loo old to tend the flock. They cannot afford 
a p rofessional shepherd, ana it would take 
• more grassland than the family owns to put 

the flock into enclosed pasture. 

1" the rocky TAihemn mountain range east 
, erf Avignon, a young sheep forma’s a mbi- 
\ dons create a s&r. Aided with subsidies from 
.the French Ministry of Agriculture, Gales 
' ^Antonovich becomes the first farmer in the 
' jlubexon to put his flock into enclosed pas- 
■ tore. Hw experiment with electric fences 
makes shock waves in the countryside. 
“We’ve come to accept them, says one 

neighbor, “But still, H doesn’t make sense. In 
two thousand years nobody’s had fences 
.around here: why should we start now?” 

“Because once the fence is installed,” 
pants out another, “you don’t have to pay a 
monthly salary.” 

Sheep farming is big business in France: 
With 13 nsflioo head cu sheep, mostly in tbe 
Massif Central and the Midi France sup- 
plies 39 percent of the European Commam- 
tfs mutton and lamb. Although France can- 
not compete with Australia and New 
7m land m the world wool market, sheets 
milk is an important commodity here — it is 
the principal ingredient of one of France’s 
most exported (Deeses, Roquefort. 

TT N Provence, as elsewhere in France, the 
I sheep industry has evolved quickly in 
_I_ the last several years, as changing mar- 
ket demands and agricultural theories have 
had their effect on this Mediterranean i* 

Yet there is one aspect of sheep fannmg in 
Provence that has not changed with the rest 
of France, and is not Hkdy to without con- 
troversy: for Provence remains rate of the 
last places in tbe industrialized world where 
the mirier of shepherd still costs. 

Although their numbers have dwindled 
since World War B, shepherds are stifl quite 
visible in the southeastern comer of France: 
an old man whose flock grazes in the gassy 
circle of an autorome exit near Marseille; a 
college student and his Walkman with a 
thousand sheep in the Alps; a former nun; a 
laid-off factory worker; a disillusioned 

schoolteacher. Though their rank and file 
tant here for the Provencal landscape has not 
always lent itself to that basic dement of 
modern sheep farming, the electric fence. 

“In France, any discussion of sheep farm- 
ing begins with one essential problem,” ex- 
plains Gilbert Mcrienat, director of Le Merle, 
an agricultural college near Aries that spe- 
cializes in training shepherds. 

“That problem is available space. In the 
vast range lands of Australia and western 
North America — «id in less arid, less 
mountainous parts of France — the need for 
shepherds disappeared long ago. Yon don’t 
have to find someone to mmd your sheep of 
you can b&fld a big enough fe n ce . 

“hi Provence, fences are impractical Al- 
though tins region remains essentially rural, 
land here is parceled off into small, centu- 
ries-old /arms. Few sheep farmers own 
enough rangeland to fence in their flocks. 
Some don’t own any land at alL 
“Most Provencal sheep fanners feed their 
fiocks by resting the right to graze on uncul- 
tivated land from local landowners. These 
<g»TH-Twwnadic sheep farmers, called 
herboriers (grass shepherds), move 
flocks from property to property from early 
fall through die s pring , then migrate to the 
Alps in the summer. - 

“In this region, the most ancient way dL' 
raising sheep is still the most logical way,” 
concludes MolenaL “If yon can’t put your 
sheep into a fence you either have to hire, or 

herds, the region has in recent years found 
itself confronted with a diminishing pool of 
applicants for the job. 

“Thirty years ago,” explains Gilbert Mo- 
lenat, “every village had its shepherd. Tbe 
job was simple, but tedious; seeing that the 
animals got enough to eat, without eating up 
people’s crops and gardens. Sometimes old 
men were shepherds, sometimes small chil- 
dren. Often the job would fall to that person 
who used to be called the village idioL 

“As you ought imagine, the great demo- 
graphic shift that France has undergone 
since World War n has had its effect on the 
sheep indnsby. Tbe rural population has 
grown smaller and smaller and the daily life 
of those stiD living on farms has changed. In 
short, most of those who traditionally 
worked as shepherds are simply no longer 
available for the job.” 

time, a new breed d would- 

years; most or tflem town and 
city dwellers who fed themselves called to 
ihe pastoral life. 

“Twenty years ago,” says Molenat, “Our 
problem lay in figuring out bow it would be 
able to keep the shepherd's way of Hfe 

AT the same tune, a new breed trf 
l\ be shepherds has appeared ini 
-LA. few years; most or then toi 

be, a 
Yet if 

still has a need for shep- 

m dying oul 
“One solution has been to draw upon tiie 
wealth of those wbo do not come from tradi- 
tional sheep farming familiM , but who 
would like to give the shepherd's life a tty. 
That is, to create a sort of school tor shep- 
herds, now that the metier is no longer being 
handed down from father to son.” 

Le Merle has existed toward that end since 

1946. Twenty student shepherds come to this 
18th-century farm on the road from Aix-en- 
Provence to Arles every year — although the 
school taros down several times that many 

Students spend one year at Le Merle. “The 
modern shepherd’s job includes more than 
simply watching sheep,” says MolenaL “He 
or she must know everything that the owner 
of tbe herd has traditionally had to know, 
and then some. 

“Many students come here with the hope 
of one day owning their own flock, hav 

first worked for some time on the payroll < 
one of the larger sheep farms in the region. 
Thus they have to know everything about the 
practical, theoretical and economic aspects 
of the business: herding, breeding, mid-wi- 
fery, veterinary medicine, ovine anatomy, as 
well as bookkeeping and accounting. 

The highlight of Le Merle’s yearlong 
course of study is tbe transhumance (from the 
Latin pans humus , “across the earth"), the 
annual migration of the flocks from lower 
Provence to the Alps. Each student shep- 
herd, having spent nine months at Le Merle, 
accompanies & flock of sheep to their high 
summer pasture, then spends three months 
alone there with them. 

“Until World War H, the transhnmance 
was done on foot, 1 ’ eamlains MolenaL “It 
took three weeks for the shepherds to get* 
their flocks to high pasture, and three weeks 
to get them bade. Today, tbe sheep are trans- 
ported to the Alps tty truck. 

“The transhnmance makes or breaks a 
shepherd. Any romantic ideas he might have 
about the profession are quickly dispelled by 

the extreme isolation of tbe summer pasture. 
It may be beautiful up there, but three 
months with nothing but a thousand sheep 
for company can be trying." 

Students who complete Le Merle’s course 
of study are awarded a diploma, important, 
for any sheep fanner wanting to obtain agri- 
cultural loans from France’s nationalized 
far m bank Credit Agricole. 

Who becomes a shepherd today? 

“The ‘back-to-Lhe-earth’ wave of the 1960s 
and ’70s has pretty much abated now," says 
MolenaL “We have fewer applicants than we 
did a decade ago. although they may be more 
realistic about what they're getting into than 
some of our students were in 1970. Some are 
people who have lost their jobs in the eco- 
nomic crisis and are seeking a new metier; 
some are children of sheep farmers who plan 
to mice over the family farm one day, and 
want the financial credibility that a diploma 
will help bring them." _ 

A LTHOUGH many people are still in- 
f\ te rested in booming shepherds, 
XjL there is a rather high dropout rate. Of 
the 20 shepherds that graduate from Le 
Merle every year, says Molenat, only about 
half are stiD at it five years later. 

“Even a very good shepherd does not 
always last long; As long as & young shep- 
herd is unmarried, he or she doesn't much 
mind the nomadic life. Once children start 
arriving, though, those summer months at 
3,000 meters altitude look a little differenL" 
“That is not the only problem with shep- 
herds,” says Francois Demarque t, director 
of Caimajane, a sheep husbandry school 
□ear Digne that encourages the use of fences 
in Provence. “The cost of hiring a shepherd 
these days is enough to do in many small 

Continued on page 9 

en ter n ati ons herald tribune^ Frid ay^ ju ly 5, 1985 





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fltatnftiri by Dm> Gqfo 

VIENNA, Bfisendorfer-Saal (tel: 

RECITAL — July 9: “The Acade- 
my Trio" (Beethoven). 

•Jazz Festival (tel: 72.4234). 

July 6: Woody Herman AS Stars, 
Tommy Flanagan trio, Lou Don- 
aldson Quartet, Steve Lacy. 

July 7: Fats Domino, Stephane 
Grappelli trio, Paris Reunion, 
Lounge Lizards. Big Band Ma- 

•Kunstiethaus (tel:57.96.63). 
EXHIBITION — To Oct. 6: “Vi- 
enna 1870-1930 Dream and Reali- 
ty: The greatest names of the Vien- 
nese fin-de-siecle." 


CHICHESTER, Theater Festival 
(tel: 78.13.12). 

July 6 and 12: “Anthony and Cleo- 
patra" (Shakespeare). 

July 8-11: “The Philanthropist" 

val (tel: 8134.1 1). 

July 6 and 9: “Arabella” (R. 

July 7, 10, 12: “Albert Herring” 

LONDON, Barbican Centre (tel: 

CONCERT — July 8: London 
Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi 
Rozhdestvensky conductor, Oscar 
Shumsky violin. (Shostakovich, 

THEATER — July 12: “Red 
Noses” (Barnes). 

July 6, 10. 11: “Henry V” (Shake- 

July 8 and 9: “Richard IIF (Shake- 

•London Coliseum (tel: 
8363 1.6 IX 

BALLET — London Festival Bal- 
let — July 6: “Coppdia” (Hynd, 

July 8-13: “Onegin” (Cranko, 

•National Portrait Gallery (id: 

EXHIBITION — To Ocu 13: 
“Charlie Chaplin 1889-1977." 
•Regent’s Pant Open Air Theatre 
(tel: 48634.31). 

THEATER — July 6, 8. 9: 
“Twelfth Night" f ShakespeareX 
July 10-12: “A Midsummer Night’s 
Dream" (Shakespeare). 

•Royal Opera (td: 240.10.66). 
OPERA — July 8 and 10: “La 
donna del lago" (Rossini). 

July 6, 9. 12: “Macbeth" (Verdi). 


Festival (td: 263338). 

DANCE — July 9- 10: Nikolais Dance 
Theatre “Video G am es," “Contact," 
“Tower," “ Kaleidoscope." 

OPERA — July 10: “Le noae di Fi- 
garo" (Mozart). 

MONTPELIER, International Dance 
Festival (let: 66.35.00). 

Baudo conductor, Jean- Francois 
Heisser piano (Saint Sagos). 

July 12: Montpelier P&flhannonic Or- 
chestra, Mosne Atztnoa conductor 
(Poulenc, Ravel). 

NICE, Jazz festival (id: 7 1 .9332). 
July 10: Benny Waters, Fats Domino. 
July II: Dizzy Gillespie. Woody Her- 

July 12: Working Week. Panama Fran- 

PARIS. Centre Georges Pompidou 


EXHIBITIONS — To Aug. 19: “Jean- 
Pi erre Bertrand,” “Palermo," “David 
Trend ett" 

•Galerie Alain Bloodel (tel: 

EXHIBITION —To July 27: “Emile 
Cham boa." 

•Galerie Sdunit (td: 2603636). 
EXHIBITION —To July 20- “De Co- 
rot 4 Picasso.” 

• Muste d’Arl Moderne (tel: 


ATHENS. Festival (td: 322.1439). 
BALLET — July 10-13: Granas 
Ballets Canadiens. 

CONCERT— July 8: Athens State 
Orchestra, Marek Pijarowski con- 
ductor, Dora Bacopoulou piano. 
JAZZ — July 7: MDtelis-Eskara 

July 8: Charlie Haden’s Liberation 
Musk Orchestra. 

July 12: Vienna Art Orchestra. 
OPERA — July 7: “OteDo” (Ver- 


BOLOGNA. Galleria (TArte Mo- 
dems (td: 503839X 

•Goto Museum (tel: 703.06.61). 
EXHIBITION — To July 28: 
“Chinese Pottery from Han to 
Ming dynasties." 

•Kan-i Hoken Hall (tel: 
490.51.1 IX 

Universal Ballet Company — July 
8 and 9: “Serenade" (Balanchine, 
TchaikovskyX “GiseDe” (Adam). 
•Zest Photo Salon (teL 246.13.70). 
EXHIBITON — To Sept 16: 
“Tsukuba City." 



VERONA — The 63rd open air season of opera, ballet and concerts in 
the Roman arena nuts to September 1 ana indudes: 

BALLET — “Gisefle” (Adolphe Adam) — July 1 1, 14. 20. 26, 

Aug. 2, 8. 

OPERA —“11 Trovatore" (Verdi) — July 4. 7, 13, 19, 27, Aug. 1,7, 10, 

-Alda” (Verdi) — July 6, 12. 21, 30, Aug. 6. 13. 16, 21. 24. 27, 29. 
Sept. 1. 

“Adds" (Verdi) — July 28 and 31, Aug. 3, 9. 14, 17, 22. 25. 

For further information tel: 23520. 

Company Events. 

•Radio France Internationa] Festival 

CONCERTS — July 7: Montpelier 
Philharmonic Orchestra. Cyril Die- 
derich/ Mstislav Rostropovuch con- 
ductor. Leonard Bernstein cello 

July 9: Ordxcstrc de Lyon. Serge 

EXHIBITION —To SepL 8: “Robert 
and Sonia Delaunay." 

•Musfce des Arts Decoranfs (td: 

EXHIBITION — To July 13: “Jean 

• Music dn Grand Palais (tel: 

EXHIBITION — To SepL 2: “Re- 

•Musce du Petit Palais (td: 265. 1 2.73). 
EXHIBITION — To Sept 29: “Gus- 
tave Dorfe." 


FRANKFURT. Opera (tek2562- 

BALLET — July 6: “Swan Lake" 

OPERA — July 7: “Der Rosenka- 
valier” (R. StraussX 
July 8: “Aida" (Verdi). 

July 9: “La Bohfane” (Puccini). 

STUTTGART, National Theater 
(td: 20334.44). 

BALLET — Stuttgart Ballet — 
July 7: “Onegin" (Cranko. Tchai- 

July 10 and 11: “Schwanenesee" 
(Cranko. Tchaikovsky). 

OPERA — July 6 and 12: “Fal- 
staff" (VerdiX 

July 8 and 10: “Wflbdm TelT 

“Morandi in Galleria." 

GENOA, International Ballet Fes- 
tival (td: 59.16.97). 

BALLET — July 6 and 7: Ballet 
National de Marseilles, “Les For- 
ains" (Kochno. PetitX “Sinfonia 
Fantastica” (Berlioz, Petit). 

VENICE, Ca’ Pesaro (tel: 

EXHIBITION — To July 28: 
“Porto Marghera, le iimpagnri la 

•Museo Correr (td: 25625X 
EXHIBITION — To July 28: “Le 
Venizie PosstbflL" 

•Palazzo Fortuny (td: 70.0955). 
EXHIBITIONS — To July 14: 

To July 28: “Horst, Photography. 


TOKYO. Buoka Kaikan (tel: 

CONCERT — July 7: Japan Phil- 
harmonic Symphony Orchestra, 
Michiyoshi Jnoue conducts, Mi- 
chie Koyama piano (Prokofiev, 


Nissan Unscrambles Teeming Tokyo With 
New, Fact-Packed Guidebook For Visitors 

TOKYO: This sprawling metropolis of 12 million scurrying inhabitants is, without question, the world's most p replacing capital- Streets 
run in rings around the imperial palace. Building numbers are erratic and if a visitor doesn't lead or speak Japanese; hopes of adorer un- 
derstandable directions or deciphering road signs are niL 

But new help is at hand: die just-published, distinctively orange-covered 132 page NISSAN GUIDE TO TOKYO AND ENVIRONS. 

A lucidly written, fact-packed English language compendium of every significant place, feature, address and telephone number that 
visiting tourists or executives need at their fingertips to take all the confusion out of a Tokyo tour. 

Nissan, like the other giants in the automotive field, Michelin and Shell, has now gone into the guidebook business with a remarkable, and 
impressive paperback which fits snugly and conveniently in a pocket, attache case or pocketbook. Ulus crating the well-written, thoroughly 
researched test are 25 easy-io-decipber street maps of various Tokyo locations. Little space has been wasted on pretty pictures; this is an 
informative hard-working guidebook for people in a burry who badly need swift help. 

The giant Japanese automotive firm obviously spared no expense in producing this detail-crammed book. Expert foreign correspondents 
from the U.S.A., UJv. and Switzerland, based in Tokyo and knowledgeable about the city, from its broad boulevards to its teeming back al- 
leys. were hired to write the guide, and their insights give the volume an extra dimension not found in the usual tourist guide to monuments 
and nightspots. 

They drop in such interesting tidbits os: Thursday is the only day of the week that the Horyuji treasures are on Open display in Tokyo's na- 
tional museum; or that 6.00 a.m. is auction time at the Teokiji Fish Market when the best tuna are put on the block to be snapped up by the 
Sushi and Sushimi trade. 

All of which makes this new Nissan Guide a significant new addition to every Asia-bound traveller's bookshelf. 

Plans are to revise it even* two years and to develop 15 new guide books on other areas of Japan in the near future. The next hook in the se- 
ries, on Kyoto/Osaka, is due out in October. 

A copy of this new NISSAN GUIDE TO TOKYO AND ENVIRONS can be had by writing to: 

Nissan Guide Clerk 
Standard Advertising Inc. 

Sumitomo Higashi Shimbashi Building 

1-11 Hamamatsu cho 

1-CJhome, Minato-Ku 

Tokyo 105 Japan 

Tel: (03) 434 8181 

Price 100 yen, plus cost of pocking and shipping. 

Havana’s Historic Watering Holes 

by Marik J. Kmiansfey 

AMSTERDAM, Art Theater (td: 

American Repertory Theater —To 
July 28: “HaT (Gems). 
•Concertgebouw (td: 71.83.45). 
CONCERT — July 6: Amsterdam 
Philharmo nic Orchestra, Arpad 
Joo conductor, Janos Starker cello 
(Dvortik, TchaikovskyX 
•Maison Descartes (teL 22.61.54). 
“Descartes and The Netherlands." 
•RHksmnsemn (teL 73-21-21). 
“Rembrandt," drawings. 
•Stadschouwburg (tel: 2423.11). 
BALLET — Dutch National Ballet 
— July 6-8: “Symfonie in C" (Bal- 
unijirM Bizet ) and “Sanitair Soh- 
tair” ( Van Schayk, Part). 

THE HAGUE, North Sea Jazz Fes- 
tival (td: 5429.58). 

July 12: Sun Ra Arkestra, ERa Fitz- 
gerald, Jem Faddis Quartet with 
Dizzy Gillespie, Keith JarrctL 


LISBON, Sao Carlos Theater (tel: 

OPERA — July 7, 9, 11: “La Cen- 
erentola" (Rossini). 

SINTRA, Festival (teL 92339.19X 
RECITALS — July 6: Fiangois- 
Renfi Duchable piano (Chopin). 
July 8: Franco is- Rene Duchable 
piano, Paul Meyer clarinet 
(Brahms, Poulenc). 

•Regional Museum (tel: 

EXHIBITION— To July 14: “Me- 
lido,” paintings. 

H AVANA — In this crumbly dry 
of pastel Spanish colonial archi- 
tecture and socialist revolutionary 
fervor, the most remembered line 
from one of its most celebrated residents, 
Ernest Hemingway, is: 

My mojito in La Bodeguita 
My daiquiri in El Floridita. 

While meat is rationed and crustaceans 
are only for approved tourist restaurants and 
for export, these two institutions help to 
keep Havana, as it has long been, a great 
drinking town. 

The two most famous places to drink and 
eat are the cozy, noisy graffiti-covered nooks 
of the Bodeguito del Medio and the elegant, 
even stuffy and,' with tuxedo-dad waiters, 
decidedly unrevolutionary El Floridita. 

They are about 10 blocks apart through 
narrow, bustling, streets of old Havana, and 

the two anTthe caretakers* 1 oHCuba’s two 
greatest contributions to mixology. — the 
daiquiri and the mojito. 

Toe daiquiri, essentially lime juice, white 
mm and sugar, began in the copper-mining 
region of eastern Cuba in the late 19th centu- 
ry. It was particularly popular with Ameri- 
can mming engineers, who then went into 
Havana ana demanded it at their favorite 
bar and restaurant, whose name became 
shorter and shorter until it was simply 
known as EL Floridita. 

Similarly the name of the drink gradually 
was abbreviated from the name of the owner, 
Constan tino de Rivalaiqua. 

El Floridita became particularly celebrat- 
ed for its daiquiris after 1939, when Antonio 
MeOan started working there. Early in his 
career he learned of the electric blender and 
mgfmH of straining the ice from the drink 
began blending it into the drinlr, thus creat- 

ing frozen daiquiri, which he has been mak- 
ing ever since at the long, well polished 
Floridita bar. 

Angel Martinez, a 31-year-old country 
boy from Santa Clara, in the center of the 
island, arrived in Havana in 1935 “to seek 
nay fortune,” as be says. By 1942 be had 
atm over a small bodega,* which be re- 
named Casa Martinez but which became 
known as la Bodeguita del Medio (the little 
halfway bodega) because it is half a block 
from the catbedraL 

Then, as now he specialized in the country 
riichgs of his childhood — black beans, fried 
bpiyangg. pjradill n (ground mea t with garlic 
and lime) and roast pork. , 

Along with this cuisine he restored the 
mojito, a traditional Cuban drink that was 
becoming forgotten as Havana's celebrated 
bartenders acquired international reper- 

Many of the original cooks and waiters 
still work there. The prices have risen consid- 
erably since the three-cent glass of rum of 
1942. But in a society of limited state-con- 
trolled income there is still no shortage of 
cu stomers at the Bodeguita. Lines form early 
in the evening on the narrow street outside 
and remain until past midnight as Cubans 
and occasional tourists wait their turn by the 
dark rectangular bar for the worn rustic 
in the of tiny rooms in back. 

Martinez has not been the owner since 
1967 when the state took over the Bodeguita, 
along with all other bars and restaurants in 
• the country. 

“Visitors came in and asked 'where is 
Martinez. Where is Martinez,"* says the 
white-haired 81-year-old former owner. So 
the government decided to pay him 250 
pesos monthly (a little less than $250 and a 
typical Cuban salary) to hang around his 
former restaurant, greet people and act as 
though he were still the owner. 

, He seems cautious but not bitter about the 

revolution. “Do you see children without 
shoes. Do you see children asking for 
bread?" he asks. In fact you don't. 

He remembers countless celebrities, espe- 
cially late Chilean president Salvador Amen- 
de and the former Mexican president Luis 
Echeverria. But above all he remembers the 
many writers and journalists that made the 
Bodeguita famous. “I made it little. Ycra 
journalists made it big." he says. 

“\T O one did more to make the Bode- 
I wl P” t3> ^ tite Floridita big than 
X 3 Hemingway. Antonio Medan. 59, re- 
members him coming to the bar every ere- > 
ning when he was in Cuba. He always or- * 
dered his daiquiri double and without sugar. 
The drink is still known at the Floridita as a 
“Papa." Meilan remembers the writer as 
“kind and affectionate," but be says be rare- 
ly ate in the elegant round dining room 
adjacent to the bar, which is known for 
lobster specialties. “He only drank here," 
Meilan recalls. 

Martinez has a similar memory of Hem- 
ingway. Like many Cubans be' loves the 
newel Hemingway wrote in Cuba, “The OU 
Man and the Sea," and he likes to tdl the 
story and quote passages in Spanish. 

But be has a confession about Heming- 
way. “I think he only came here three or four 
times," says Martinez. “He went more tothe 
Floridita. He came here, had a mojito, had a 
photo taken and went to the Fforidila to 
have more photos taken." 

A better celebrity endorsement far the 
Bodeguita comes from actor Errol Fhran, 
who also came more than once and had his 
picture taken. “Best place to get drunk,” he 
said. And while whole poems have been 
written about the Bodeguita. no one ever 
said it better. ^4 

Mark J. Kurlansky is a journalist based in 
Mexico Citv. 

Cutting the Visa Tape in Vienna 

EDINBURGH, National Gallery 
of Modern Art (td: 556-89-21). 
Pepsoe, 1871-1935 ” 

•National Portrait Galleiy (td: 
556. 89.21X 

EXHIBITON — To SepL 29: 
‘Treasures of Fyvie." 

•Queen's Hafl (teL 228.1 155). 
CONCERT — July 7: The Edin- 
burgh ‘Pops’, Finhp Greene can- 
doctor (Beethoven, Copland). 


GRANADA International Festival 
of Music and Dance (td: 22jl 131. 
BALLET — July 6$: Dussddorf 
Opera BafleL 

MADRID, MnSeo dd Prado (td: 
468.09 JO). 

EXHIBITION —To July 15: “Ra- 
fael en Espafia." 

•Palado de Vdizquez y Cristal 
(td: 274.77.75X 

EXHIBITION — To July 30: 
“Spanish Sculpture 1930-1936." 

by Alan Levy 

V IENNA — If you don't live in a 
capital that has good diplomatic re- 
lations with Eastern Europe or if 
you’re a tourist ad-libbing your way 
across the Continent, obtaining visas for 
visits behind the Iron Curtain can mean a big 
bother of many mailings of passports ana 
forms to unresponsive consulates over weeks 
or months — sometimes malting the mission 
impossible. Often, a travel agent can cut the 
waiting time to a fortnight or less; bnt there 
will be handling fees. 

. There is another solution. Most Soviet- 
bloc emh«Mi*s apd tourist bureaus in Vien- 
na, a neutral capital that thrives on tourism, 
are geared to last-minute, even overnight, 
decisions to go East and spend hard curren- 
cy. Situated farther east than Prague or Ber- 
lin, the Austrian capital generally offers vi- 
sas that are relatively easy to come by wide 
sightseeing, too. Today’s Vienna houses doz- 
ens of diplomatic representations, even Al- 
bania’s — often in Hapsbuigian palaces 
quite contradictory to the present state of 
affairs back home. 

Such a is the Hungarian Embassy at 
Bankgasse 4-6: two Baroque palaces (one of 
them built by the great architect Johann 
Fischer von Erlach) that were graciously 
united with a common facade two centuries 
ago. Visa hours are 8:30 A.M. to 12:30 PM. 
Mondays through Fridays. Or, a few blocks 
away, at KArntnerstxasse 26 on Vienna’s 
main shopping street, one can obtain a visa 
from the Hungarian State Travel Agency, 
IBUSZ, which is open weekdays from 8 
A.M. to 5 PM. ana Saturdays from 9 to 
noon. At either address, you must leaveyoar 
passport, two photos, and 190 sduflzngs 
(about S9X You may collect the visa two 
working days later — though a travel agent 
or a personal plea can usually win it over- 
night. For instant passport photos, Steffi’s, 
the department store on KSrntnearstrasse, 
has photo machines (one color, one black- 
and-white) outside either end oif its ground 

Hungaiy does not require tourists to ex- 
change a fixed amount of Western currency 
for forints at the border, but Czechoslovakia 

does for crowns. The $10 a day you must the lighthearted Baroque summer readme 
prepay will buy crowns at slightly more than of Prince Eugene of Savoy. Its airy, spaoota 

double the official rate, but less than half the formal gardens connect the Lower Bavodare 

rate the black mar keteer s in Prague are wait- 
ing to offer. The CEDOK travel office at 
Park Ring 12 will give you brochures, infor- 
mation, and hold reservations, but no visa. 
For that, you must apply at the embassy, a 
mustard-golden palace three miles away at 
Penzmgeretrasse 1 1 . 13 , next door to the Max 

Reinhardt Seminar theater school and 
around the comer from the main gale of 
Schonbnnm Palace, the Versailles of Vienna 
and a sightseeing musL Visa hours are 8 to 1 1 
AM. Mondays through Fridays. You must 
fill out a form, pay 150 schillings, and pre- 
sent two photos with a passport valid for at 
least four months. 

You should have your visa in an hour, but 
be warned that it may take longer or be 
difficult as the Aug. 21 anniversary of the 
1968 Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia 
looms. For fear of indtanent. even a valid 
visa listing your occupa t i o n as student, 
teacher, journalist, editor, lawyer, judge, po- 
liceman or priest may not be honored at the 
border. In filling cut the form, it is wise to 
use euphemisms such as “civil servant” for 
policeman and “clerical workei” for priest 

"l~%OLAND requires two photos, 300 
1-^ schfihngs, ana your passport for a visa 
JL that wifi be ready in a day or two; at 
the border, you must also pay 36 Deutsche 
marks (almost $12). While ORBIS, the offi- 
cial Polish tourist information agency at 
Schwedenplatz 5, can advise you, the visa 
most be obtained at the consulate, EGet- 
anger Hauptstrasse 42B, near die Schfln- 
brunn Zoo. between 8 AM. and 1 PM. 
weekdays except Wednesdays. 

A Romanian visa costs die most (410 
schillings, and at the border you must ex- 
change $10 far every day of the visa’s valid- 
ity), out it is given an die spot when you 
present your passport alPrinzEugen-Strasse 
60; no photo is required. 

- At the Bulgarian Embassy, Scfawindgasse 
8, you must bring one photo and 200 schil- 
lings; it wiQ take two to four days, but you 
need not exchange a fixed sum at the border. 
Both addresses arc convenient to Belvedere, 

formal gardens connect the Lower Bdvedare 
palace (now museums of medieval and Ba- 
roque Austrian art) with the more imposing 
Upper Belvedere palace (now the Anstrim 
Gallery of 19th- and 20ih-Centtuy Art). 
From its terrace on a clear day you can sec 
across the city to the Vienna Woods. .. 

Yugoslavia requires visas of Americans, 
but not Europeans. While obtainable ^.bor- 
der crossings, occasionally with sojnejfflB- 
culty, a Yugoslav visa can be had m 2Q 
minutes tor 93 schillings at SaimgmeAAi^ 
Vienna, just across the Lands trasser HaaptT 
strasse from the Sflnnhof, 3 brand-new bow 
and shopping complex built in the Bjafer- 
meter style of the Mettenuch era. - •• Tj _ 

There is no particular advratagem apply- 
ing for Soviet or East German visas in Vien- 
na. Both require vouchers proving that job 
have prepaid your hotel stays to an autho- 
rized travel agent, who might as weQ arranj? 
the visas too. In Vienna, this will lake 10 
days for the Soviet Union, three or fourdays 
for East Germany. But visas far tbeJstta 
can also be obtained at border crossiag! 
upon presentation of hotel vouchers, accord- 
ing to the travel office of the GamanDojw- 
crane Republic at Brandst£Ue4, in the dad 
ow of St. Stephan's Cathedral. This 
information office win direct you to autho- 
rized agents, as will Intourist, the Soviet 
agency, at Schwedenplatz 3. 

The Albanian Embassy at Jaomnogasse 
41 , 00 the border of Belvedere’s botanical 
gardens, does not welcome inquiries about 
individual tourism. 

(tee last admonition for visa 
When filling out forms in lon_ 
to put a horizontal slash through the 
7, as most Europeans do; otherwise, it . may 
be read as a ]. This is particularly pertinent 
to the standard visa question about “length 
of stay in days.” Not long ago, a Centra 
Park West matron arrived in Prague for wW 
she thought was a week’s visit, omy to be told 
she was there for an overnight stay, ft took 

to the bank to prolong ho- visa by six days.* 

Alan Levy is a journalist and author based 
in Vienna. 

Salisbury Contim 

been, the Market Square, filled with stalls 
every Tuesday and Saturday. 

There are a number of fine houses from 
the Middle Ages. In keeping with Salisbury’s 
long commercial tradition, many of the most 
picturesque allow one to combine architec- 
tural rubbernecking with shopping, «»tin e 
and drinking. The oldest known house in the 

and drinking. The oldest known house in the 
dty, John a Porte’s in Queen Street, is home 
to Watsons, fine glassware and china; just 
outside the High Street gate of die dose is 
the warrenHke Beech’s antiq uarian book- 
shop; across from St Ann’s gate is the Old 
Bell Inn, in a 14th-century grammar school, 
another pub, tire Pheasant, occupies the 
15th-century hall of the Shoemakers’ Guild 
in Salt Lane. 

St Edmond’s Church, with its Cromwel- 
lian tower, is now the Salisbury Alts Centre, 
and among the city's more modem buildings 
is Salisbury Playhouse. Both figure largely m 
the annual Salisbury Festival, Sept 7-21 this 
year. Featured artists will mdude the Acade- 
my of St Martin in the Helds, the London 

Continued from page 7 

Symphony, the Phflhaniioma Orchestra, and 
the memo soprano Brigitte Fassbaender. 

Wiltshire is unusually rid in archaeologi- 
cal rites. The top ernes include Stonehenge, 
accessible despite recent angry invasions by 
what the E n glish, quaintly, stul call hippies; 
the Avebury nenge monument, which awarfs 
Stonehenge but looks less impressive be- 
cause of "the village built amid and around it; 
Sflbury H31, the largest artificial prehistoric 
mound in Europe, whose purpose has never 
been disoervered; the nearby West Kennet 
Long Barrow, a large chambered tomb th^t 
was bring used as a burial place when the 
Egyptians were still figuring out how to cut 
stone; and tbe Westbury White Horse of 
1778, most spectacular erf the many monu- 
mental figures carved into Wil tshir e’s chalk 
h i llside s. (These have to be traded regularly 
to keep die grass from growing back over 
them; it is said that during Victorian years 
the grass was actually encouraged to grow 
over parts of the done Abbas Giant, a 
fertility figure in Dorsetshire.) 

For more modem tastes, statciy hdn»s j 
near Salisbury, from tire Elizabethan to ti* I 
Palladinn and, most typically, mixtures oM 
every style in between, induder Mtp? ) 
House, home of the Earl^ of Pembroke, witb 
Inigo Jones’s famous “double cube" roam; 
Newhoust wfih a costunre (reflection and 
Nelson rehes (tire present owner is & descen- 
dant of the nayal hero); New Wardodr Css* 
tie, now -a giris* school;. Stooriread, with 
notable landscaped gardens; and Lcnagleai 
House, with pad: by Capability Brown, 
Check the Salisbury -tomist office (teL 334- 
956X for opening days and tim e s . 

Frequent trains, for SaEsbnry leave Trom 
Waterloo Station ifl hoodoo. If 
as many Britons do, to avoid Londcre, there 
b a -special bus bom Heathrow Airport to 
the Woking ^ tram station, '.'as well as ”~" r 
connections from Southampton. Mo 1 .--. . 
coming from the Continent may like to fiy 
the night boat from Le Havre to Soudan®* 
ton and drive to Salisbury through the7«® 
Forest. v - • 

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by RogerCoffis • 

FPSJMGHT ago, two aff transport 
initiatives nudged Europe a bit 
farther toward some form of de- 

Kllvt nni> am 

od wnorefifeal fare-setting policy by 20 of 
tbc 22 member states of the European Civil 
Aviation Conference (ECAQ at its tri ennial 
scssicfi in Sttasbouig. Second was an an- 
. i iippnqgitent by the British and Dutch gov- 
fftirtfflifts to extend the liberal bilateral 
agreement, signed in June 1984, into what 
1 amounts to an “open sides'* regime between 
A| tfac two countries. While these initiatives are 
\J|ft vastly tfifitont in scope and application, 
J they «re both likely to have a far- reaching 
effect in the liberalization of fares an| t entry 
fca* of earriminto air routes. 

- Not that anyone seriously expects to see 
‘ the iroleariang of U. S.-style nee market 
forces across the whole of Europe; there are 
'protectionist countries like Italy and France 
tb contend with. The most Likely multilateral 
-ccasensusis what Eurocrats, with an ineffa- 
-•?*. “ Wesense of Realpolitik, call “regulated com- 
•• is* petition,” which is what ECAC is working 
^painstakingly toward. 

Reform may also emerge from the camu- 
^’■*8 lalive effect of the EC deregulation formula, 
‘r =: Memorand um 2, currently stuck in high- 
level waking groups; antitrust noises from 
f’z the EC Gjmntissioii, and a growing cotusnm- 
er lobby. But perhaps the most potent cata- 
p^'- lyst will be the example of the recent British 
bilateral agreements with the Netherlands, 
West Germany and Luxembourg — a liberal 
: "comer of Europe — which may have a domi- 
^ - no effect in neighboring stales. 

"\F* . Given that it is hard to get Europeans to 

- agree about anything more contentious than 
» _ . motherhood and apple pie (although even 
V; :'- -this could run foul of the common agricul- 

* 3 «toral policy), the ECAC agreement is a re- 
"}.* Ltnarkablc achievement Although it virtually 
;Y ' - condones revenue and capacity pooling car- 
■ ^ tds m<I only meddy carta for the irruttiple 
deagnation of carriers on a country-pair and 
;.V" - city-pair basis in order to stimulate competi- 
tion, it does contain an important proposal 
• 3.'- for “fare zones” that would fix maximum 
- ' -- and minimum prices on air routes and leave 
the airlines to fight it out within those terms. 
~ ! • The idea for fare zones was first mooted 
by an ECAC task force and presented in the 
-so-called COMPAS report at the previous 
L‘ '' -triennial session in 1982. The EC drew upon 
- ^ this report for its more detailed fore zone 
: -.'proposals in Memorandum 2, published in 
^February 1984. However, according to John 
Crayston, deputy secretary of ECAC, the EC 

- -document was simply an attenqit by the 
Commission to persuade member govem- 

__ -meats to adopt more liberal policies (“So far 
it hasn’t worked, and only bits of it may . 
eventually work-H, whereas the ECAC po- 

a ficy statement, although not going as far as 
Memorandum 2, is a “moral commitment” 
by a larger number of governments to “get 
on and do something to develop a more 
flexible system.” 

A new ECAC task force will have its first 
. meeting on July 9 to start hammering out 
practical proposals. Crayston hopes that the 
- ultimate outcome mil be a formal interna- 
. - . tion&I agreement that wiO overlay and re- 
-r place parts of the web of bilateral agree- 
. meats between the ECAC member states. 
“But we should imagine that this will be 
limited to fares," he says. 

• Fare zones, or “zones of freedom," were 
- "introduced on the North Atlantic three years 
u ago as a compromise between the U. S. and 
European governments following the Gv3 
Aeronautics Board’s show-cause order 
threatening ai rline* with antitrust action if 
they continued their fare-fixing activities. 
Thu was the UJS.-ECAC “Memorandum of 
Understanding^ which has led to the partial 
' deregulation of trans- Atlantic flights and 
‘ dramatically lower fares. 

-* Whether or not the. application of fare 
_ zones in Europe wiD bring about a reduction 
— * .in fares will depend not only on bow they are 
.applied (bow wide the zones are on either 
; side of the “reference" fare and whether drey 
‘ apply to each type of fare), but how flexible 
are the hilater al agreements under which 
s--' -thw function. There are three dements that 
. define the regulatory system: fares, capacity 
and market entry. Restrict any two of th ese 
and no amount of flexibility on the third will 

According to a report by the British and 
Dutch at the ECAC meeting in Strasbourg, 
the first nine months of tins liberal regime 
have had meaacnlar results. Traffic be- 
tween London and Amsterdam from July 
1984 to March 198S increased by 16perceni 
on the same period & year before. This was. 
6 percent higher than traffic between the two 
cities and other points in Europe. Ten new 
services have been introduced, six of these 
involving new taty pairs, the others provid- 
ing more competifian on existing routes. 
Four new services have just been designated, 
19- license applications are in the prodne 
and 11 Afferent airlines axe how flying 
scheduled services between the two coun- 

Competition has forced down many fares 
and eased some of the restrictions attached 
to others. For example, British Caledonian 

retum^re^wcen Gaforeck ami Schiphol 
and has introduced an innovative system, of 
“time flyer" fares, which depend oarthe time 
of day you fly. Round trips can vaiy between 
£109 at morning peak time to £69 in the 
middle of the day. Restrictions are advance 
booking and a m miurnm of one night’s stay. 
According to market research, airlines rat the 
Urndrin- A ms terd am route are now camring 
the annual equivalent of more than 70,000 
passengers who would not have gone by air 
bat lor the new low lares. 

The Anglo-Dotch agreement has now 
been further liberalized to allow airlines to 
combine services to more than one point in 
the other country, or to link such services 
with a second point in another European 
country. The “country of origin" rule has 
been replaced by "double disapprovaL” This 
means that aixnnes can set whatever foxes 
they Hke. Only if both governments disap- 
prove can they be thwarted. 

Once free market farces like tins are un- 
leashed, they may be hard to stop. ■ 



A Haven in Devon for the Compleat Angler 

phange thin gs very much. For example, if 
there are only two carriers oh a route, split- 
tmg the revenue and capacity under a cosy 
use the fleximUty of -zones. Bat bring in a 
third, or fourth carrier, as is typical onNorth 

auauuv cuni JVU umuuuu# a. ivm 

element of competition related to price-imd 
quality of service. 

Fare zones are one way to get protectionist 
governments to accept some form of Kberal- 
tzation. But paradoxically, they can hinder 
, rather than help the movement toward de- 
regulation. This is because they invite more 
government involvement rather than less 
and perpetuate the traditional form of bilat- 
eral agreement which works on a "double 
approval” system, whereby no fore can be 

remains a hurdle 
to deregulation 

marketed unless both skles agree. This has 
made H easy for governments to protect thdx 
inefficient state-owned airlines from real 

The British and Dutch took a giant step 
toward liberalization with their bilateral , 
agreement a npear ago. This set a precedent in 
Europe for "country of origin" rales, which 
means that each ride can set its own fores 
without approval from the other. The agree- 
ment abolished pooling, allowed free access 
to any Dutch orBritish airline on any route ; 
between the two countries and to mount as 
much capacity as they want But the most 
seminal feature was to allow carriers “sixth 
freedom" selling rights between Britain, the 1 
Netherlands and soy other country. This 
enables a traveler to boy a KLM ticket in, 
say, Glasgow, and fly via Amsterdam to the 
Far East without passing through London. 
The Netherlands, np^ng a smaTI^ strategically I 
placed country with an efficient arrfma, has 
more to gain man gnrh an arrangement than 
Britain, which stands to lore tra&a Insiders 
say that Britain ngreed to sixth freedom as a 
trade for more hberal fares. 

. ty : George Gu rt a nskas 

I IFTON, England — Two appeared at 
* first, then four, then, a dozen or 
. .more, “They didn’t tdl us about 
J the cows,*^ one fly Saha: remarked 
to another as they assessed their plight, 
friendly but lmdemably huge animals be- 
tween them and then- fishing trail “How do 
you get cows away from a gate?” 

No amount of 'shoeing would do, nor 
-would other threatmng gestnres. Through 
the brush and ova a tangled barbed-wire 
fence seemed the only -way around. 

Asked later oitforafriemfly^ drink,' ^ the same 
' question never reaBy was answered. Ofiered 
instead was cfarafol stdvtee.' - 
“YotfvB gottp be careful they don’t break 
you rod,” one beefy English fisheonan s^ 
"What about my fectT" retried the visit- 

mg angler. 

In the bar of the Anmddl Arms, fishers, 

men and women alike, offer lots of advice. 
And tell tall stories, ioa It’s part of a day at 

this jp n ) apr frmiiT fishfng hntd that has been 

^afwwnjg to an gWmt for more than 50 years. 

. Here, evaything a traveling fisherman 
needs is taken care of by hotel staff: Keens- 

mg,- mapB , gpiytot, «nri gear. Parked 

Imu&cs are available, too, as are diversions 
for those not interested in fishing. 

Situated in this Tillage m west Devon, 
about 38 miles from Exeter, the three-centu- 
ry-old irm owns fishing rights on 20 miles of 
water on five wild rivers. Four of than rise 
on Dartmoor, the vast, nnst-shrouded moor- 
land known to marry as “Hound of the 
BaskerviDes” country. 

These rivers — tire Lyd, Thrushel, Carey 
and Wolf — splash downthe moors, forming 
long pools, graveDy runs and bnbbKng rif- 
fles. Through woodland and pasture they 
twist, past cows and sheep grazing amid wild 
tfafmmk and btnebefls. Here and there a 
he mw taken flight and a salmon leaps. 

Near the hotel, the four rivers bknd into 
the Tamar, the frontia - river dividing Devon 
and ComwalL 

The Tamar is known for its salmon fish- 
ing, to be the best in tire region. Fish 
average 10 pounds. Occasionally, one goes to 
20, and catching one is a sport for tnejpas- 
sionate. A hooked salmon is a leaping fight- 
er, and tardy is one booked. 

Brown trout abound in these waters, too, 
sfaybutniedy marked fish that take adiy fly 
with a slash and splash that fishers expect 
only of native fish. 

Night fishing can be had by those cautious 
seekers of the efosrve sea trout, a spooky 
creature known locally as peal These sear 
ran brown trout ' ran about two to three 

Axunddl Arms fishing in this vaUey of 
hedgerows and thatched-roof cottages is 
done an 22 private beats, or stretches of 

Fishing in the Tamar River. 

water, ranging up to a mile or so in lwigtb 
It’s a good day’s effort, provided you pucka 
lunch. Then, an angler can be alone ah day, 
lost in pastoral scenery, w hile fishing for 
Atlantic salmon or scrappy “natives." 

Of course, a nap under a tree or patch of 
blue sky may be in order, too, for tire pace is 
leisurely when trying to deceive a trout or 

The botd also owns a nearby lake; actual- 
ly an old limestone quarry that flooded in 
Victorian times. Spring-fed, it is a haven for 
rainbow trout running to seven pounds or 
more. Tinhay Luke yields almost all tire 
hefty fish miren here on a fly, often with the 
type known as drifted nymph. 

arrang es or simply enhances activities for 
those wanting to do something dse. In sear 
son, you can hike, watch birds, golf, hunt, 
ride, shoot snipe, and even fish for sharks 
along the coast Antique shops and historic 
sights are nearby, but, unlike some parts of 
England, it can be 20 miles between pubs. 

Anne^ Voss-Baric has been proprietor since 
1961, when tire acquired the inn with her 
first husband, Gerald Fax-Edwards. They 
wanted to leave behind the pressures of the 
advertising business in London and allow 
bim to rest for his health. 

Fox-Edwazds died in 1972, and she later 
married Conrad Voss-Bark, a British jour- 
nalist who now lectures in the hoteTs fishing 

Mrs. Voss-Bark, a fly fisher herself and 

editor of the book “West Countiy Fly Fisb- 
ing," has modernized and expanded the one- 
time coaching inn to 28 rooms, two pubs, a 
lounge, a games room, conference rooms, 
mid a restaurant overlooking a terraced gar- 

The rooms with bath are more spacious, 
and many have period furnishings. Those 
facing the road, the main thoroughfare of 
A3Q, are noisy. 

Bui you can always retreat to the bar, a 
cozy place, with brass countertop, wood 
chairs, tables and benches. Here, drinks are 
sipped, wine lists examined and dinner often 

Plenty of fishing -talk goes on, too, espe- 
cially at dusk, during cocktail hour before 
dinner Dining at the restaurant is no casual 
thing: jacket and tie for men and dress for 
women, though yon can get away with less. 

For weekly guests, seating is at tire same 
lampfit table every night. 

In tire garden stands one of tire last re- 
maining cockpits, where the ferocious birds 
once fought to the death for gamblers. The 
octagonal stone and thatched-roof budding, 
hundreds of years old, now houses a room 
where the talk is of a day’s catch, or tire 
prospects of one. The sawdust fighting ring 
now holds fishing rods inxtwirf of spurred 
bantams. Fishing gear also is on show for 
purchase, rent, or just admiration. 

Two knowledgeable instructore teach fish- 
ing to beginners and old hands aiik* Roy 
Buckingham, a former Welsh Open fly-cast- 
ing champion, is in charge, assisted by David 
Pukmgton, who is also professionally 

Backing them up is Mr. Voss-Bark, a for- 

mer British Broadcasting Coro, pariiamenta- 

8 1 commentator who regularly writes about 
y fishing for The Times. Mr. Voss-Bark 
talks about river craft and strategy, often 
enlightening the confused with observations 
about fly fishing. 

“It’s a kind of conjuring trick.” he teQs 
students, “to make the trout realize that a bit 
a fluff on a bode is a delicious thing to eaL" 
F.n nn gh of them — thousands over the 
years ^ —learn the basic skills of angling to be 
able to catch fish, which is what most guests 
at (he hotel prefer to do. 

On average, hotel literature states, they 
bring in about 100 salmon, 400 sea trout and 
1,200 brown trout each year. 

At the end of a fishing day. the fish are 
weighed and displayed in the corner of the 
sitting room. Here, too. Fishing beats are 
booked daily, each angler inspecting anoth- 
er’s catch, and signing up accordingly. No 
beat can be booked for more than one day 
straight, and competition is keen for certain 

The fish are taken away just before dinner, 
but not until cocktail hour is almost over, to 
be prepared for a meal or frozen to take 
home. A fresh-caught trout is a tempting 
meal, and the Arundell Arms has tire chef to 
do the job — Devon-born Philip Burgess 
trained in Switzerland and France and 
worked in London before returning home 
five years aga 

His cuisine is based on locally raised meat 
and vegetables, with sauces made to “en- 
hance and compliment (he natural flavor of 
the main ingredient," he says. A good wine 
list backs up his dishes. After dinner, drinks 
can be taken in the lounge, where the slate 
floors date back 300 years and a huge fire- 
place is ablaze when it's chilly. 

Talk there usually turns to fishing , of 
course, and occasionally to a persistent ques- 
tion, like bow to get the cows away from the 

T HE hotel is 253 miles from London 
via the motorway M4/M5. The near- 
est airports are in Bristol, Exeter and 
Plymouth. Room prices range from £21 to 
£28 (about S28 to S37) a person a day, 
including full English breakfast and dinner, 
depending on thelcngth of stay. Most rooms 
have private bath or shower. 

Fishing charges range from £6 JO to £11 
pounds a rod a day, depending on seasou 
and type of fish. Licenses, guides, tackle hire 
and courses are additional, as are packed 

Self-catering family flats are available, 
and children under 16 staying with adults are 
welcomed free. A baby-minding service is 
available. ■ 

George Gudauskns is a journalist based in 

Continued from page 7 

sheep formers, even if the shepherd isn’t 

getting all that much out of the deal himself. 

you have 300 sheep you can pay a shep- 
herd, but once you do, you wont make any. 
profit on your sheep. Many fanners simply 
won’t use shepherds anymore when they can 
avoid it” 

Is, as Danarqnet suggests, the shepherd 
an endangered species, even m Provence? 

“ft could be," says McienaLTet until 
somebody invents tire perfect fence for this 
region, there will be shepherds here. ... It 
might not be a fence at all, but an electronic 
device implanted in each animal, emitting a 
frequency disagreeable to the sheep if they 
strayed too dose to a small transmitter 
placed at either end of tire pasture.” 

In a pasture not for from Le Mode, Pan! 
Fetxeqmn rolls a cigarette and squints as he 
looks over the flock that is his to take care ot 
Petrequin, in his late 60s, has been a shep- 
herd since the 1930s, before anyone had ever 
heard of schools for shepherds. He learned 
his profession from' his father. Petrequin 
remembers when the tr&nshumance was not 
a day’s truck ride but 21 blistering hot days 
of wanting up, and 21 days back. 

“Yon know," lie says, “Until a few years 
ago, nothing in this metier had ever changed, 
not since the time of Abraham. Now every- 
thing is changing everywhere, and all at 

“Putting antennas into the sheep? Worse 
things could happen. But m tell you, I only 
hope that I won’t be around to see it” ■ 

JVefl Platt is a writer based in Paris. 




|na worid which Is losing its senseerf real values, It's reassuring 


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ar*- ■ 



appears every Friday 

For hutonamtuMa ed Dombu orne Bocnret 
in Paris on 747.12.65 or joar local Ufl J rep tern 
(IM la Oau&ed Section) 




"When a man is tired of London he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford." Dr. Samuel Johnson, 20th September. \m 

The Royal Tournament opens in London: A Military Spectacular 

O ne of the most exciting military 

spectaculars - and far more enjoyable than 
the annual parade of might in Moscow's 
Red Square - begins at London's Earls Court 
stadium on July 10 and continues for ten days. 
More than 300,000 will watch the Royal 
Tournament, now well into its second century of 
performances and displays by representatives of 
Britain's army, navy and air force. 

What began in 1880 as ‘The Grand Military 
Tournament and Assault-at-Arms' has become an 
occasion for military music, rather than martial 
prowess, linked with action replays of famous 
British victories in past battles, plus dare devil 
competitions between teams from the three 

Although the occasion massed bands of the Marines, 
always leads to an annual crop Two large ships of the line 
of letters to newspapers com' were reconstructed, each 
plaining about the apparent nearly 100 feet long and 80 
celebration of violence, the feet high, yet capable of being 
most popular events among folded away into the roof 
boys of aU ages continue to be when their gum were not 
the mock banks, known to blazing out a challenge to the 
the organisers as the ‘bang, enemy, 
bang, you're dead' scenes. The earliest tournaments 

Vivid moments of glory aimed more at encouraging 
come from the Royal Marines the finer points of skills at 
with their re-run of arms, rather than concentrat- 
commando raids and cliff jug upon capturing the 
assaults that reproduce, with public's interest. There were 
considerable realism, the hand to hand contests by 
scaling and destruction of soldiers armed with swords, 
Germany's coastal defences lances and bayonets as well as 
during the 1939-45 war. ritual duelling and gymnastic 

Another spectacular that displays, 
captured the imagination was Guaranteed to raise a cheer 
a repeat performance of the was an equestrian competition 
Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 known as ‘cleaving the Turk’s 
when the finglish fleet under head', an event whose name 
the command of A dmir al was later changed to ‘cutting 
Lord Nelson routed the the lemon’ in deference to the 
French. . .but at Haris Court it sensibilities of a nation which 
was fought against a back- had become an ally of the 
ground of music by the British. 




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massed bands of the Marines. 
Two large ships of the line 
were reconstructed, each 
nearly 100 feet long and 80 
feet high, yet capable of being 
folded away into the roof 
when their guns were not 
hiaring out a challeng e to the 

The earliest tournaments 
aimed more at encouraging 
the finer points of skills at 
arms, rather than concentrat- 
ing upon capturing the 
public's interest. There were 
hand to hand contests by 
soldiers armed with swords, 
lances and bayonets as well as 
ritual duelling and gymnastic 

Guaranteed to raise a cheer 
was an equestrian competition 
known as ‘cleaving the Turk’s 
head’, an event whose name 
was later changed to ‘cutting 
the lemon’ in deference to the 
sensibilities of a nation which 
had become an ally of the 

In 1887 the Royal Navy 
entered the arena for the first 
time and in 1907 the, still 
popular and exciting, field 
gun competition was intro- 
duced with gun teams, each of 
18 men, from the naval bases 

for 8m good Ames 

Moptffeunt selection at 1 XXX) 
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at Portsmouth, Chatham and 
Devon port competing. 

Within months of the first 
world war ending the Royal 
Tournament was back in 
London’s entertainment cal- 
endar and the Royal Air Force 
flew in for the first time. 

By 1933, with war clouds 
once again looming, motor 
cycles and other motorised 
units began to appear side by 
side with the horse. 

After the war, because the 
numbers who wanted tickets 
for performances had soared, 
the event was moved in 1950 
to its present home at Earls 
Court in West London. The 
larger arena meant that 
instead of the then King’s 
Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, 
trotting into the arena they 
could enter at a gallop and go 
into live action to demonstrate 
the skills involved in firing a 
royal salute. 

In 1955, the year of the 
Queen’s coronation, the lour- 
nament went international 
with units from Common- 
wealth countries being invi- 
ted, and in 1979 a youth band 
from the United States enter- 
tained the crowd. 

Another glamorous event of 
a different kind opens in 
London in a few ckiys. It is an 
exhibition of glorious jewell- 
ery and boutique items ax the 
Van Qeef & Arpels shop at 
159 New Bond Street. The 
pieces are being flown to Lon- 
don from the Paris salon as an 
added attraction for the thou- 
sands in London for the 
American Bar Association 
conference. This display of 
sparkling brilliance fits natur- 
ally into the London scene 
where the emphasis is always 
on tradition. It will be on 
parade from July 10-25. 

There is a different kind of 
tradition, this time on water, 
at the Royal Regatta at Hen- 
ley-on-Thames, which takes 
place from July 4/7. The first 
occasion was nearly 150 years 
ago in 1839. Prince Albert, 
consort to Queen Victoria, 
gave the event his patronage 
in 1855 and since then it has 
been the Henley Royal 

One competition has been 
continuous since the first 
year. This is the Grand Chall- 
enge Cup for amateur eights. 
The world’s finest crews from 
all parts to try to win one of 
rowing’s most coveted tro- 

by Moss Murray 

phies. But there is more to 
Henley than rowing. 

The town itself is worth 
exploring, especially the 
historic Henley Bridge, built 
in 1512. Search out as well the 
old coaching inns. Once there 
were as many as 70. Don't 
miss the most famous, the 
Red Lion Hotel, which dates 
back to 1632. Charles I stayed 
there many times, and for 
several years it was used as a 
half way house to Blenheim 
Palace by the Dukes of Marl- 

natural beauty'. So tents are 
erected and many dubs and 
companies hire them to enter- 
tain guests. About 20,000 are 
expected on the final Satur- 
day. It is meant to be a very 
dignified and serious occa- 
sion. In fact, it is a lot of fun. 

Getting there need not be a 
problem. You can either drive 
yourself into the delightful 
Oxfordshire countryside, or 
be chauffeur driven. Heads 
may turn in the direction of 
any woman who wears an ex- 
clusive Caroline Charles 



Curzonsy the exclusive neat club at 45 Park Lane, has 
burst onto the London nightlife scene vnth ghnering style. 

When the time for the dress, but the whole family 

regatta comes round Henley 
goes en-fete. It is like a minia- 
ture Ascot with the ladies 
wearing glamorous outfits and 
the men discarding their top 
hats in favour of straw 
boaters ... often borrowed, 
and worn rather better, by 
their wives and girl friends. 

Instead of a Royal Enclos- 
ure, there is a stewards’ en- 
closure, but no permanent 
buildings are allowed on the 
Henley site as it is designated 
an area of ‘outstanding 

will command attention if 
they arrive in what everyone 
wfli assume is their own 
Mercedes, Porsche or Lam- 

All can be hired from Town 
and. Country Car Rentals, 
Key House, Yiewsley High 
Street, West Drayton, 
Middlesex (01-759 4343). Or 
they will supply a chaufffeur 
driven Rolls Royce or 

It will not take more than 
an hour to drive from the 

centre of London to the 
regatta course, even less if you 
have your own apartment on 
the south side of Hyde Park 
near to the main motorway 
route. Hamptons at 6 Arling- 
ton Street, St James’s, have 
what is almost certainly a 
bigger selection of furnished 
properties chan any other 
major agency. 

What to wear at Henley? 
For the ladies, all will be 
determined to look cheir most 
glamorous whatever the 
weather. However, it is best 
to be prepared for every 
eventuality. There is a belief 
in Britain that the one thing 
which can be guaranteed is 
the weather - guaranteed, 
that is, to J>e different by the 

Something warm even if it 
is finally left on the back seat 
of the car, is almost a neces- 
sity - even in mid-July. Take 
a cashmere. If you want the 
best selection, and the finest 
quality, pop into D L Lord, 
41 Burlington Arcade, dose 
to Bond Street and Piccadilly. 
For women they have ele- 
gance, for men, understated 

Also in the Burlington Arc- 
ade are the two shops of S 
Fisher. At both there is a con- 
siderable concentration upon 
fashion and a constant up- 
dating of designs chosen by 
Sara, grand daughter of the 
founder of the business, Sam 
Fisher, who still helps to cut 
some of the exclusive silk bro- 
cade waistcoats for which the 
firm has long had an inter- 
national reputation. 

At one shop Fisher has an 
extensive range of hand 
knitted cashmeres for ladies 
and an equally wide range of 
sweaters and cardigans for 
men in plys ranging from 1 to 
10. The colour range is as 
daraling as a rainbow. At 
their other Arcade shop the 
emphasis is on men’s wear 
inducting Sam Fisher’s waist- 
coats. Prices for this glamor- 
ous male attire start at £100. 

Any man with confidence 
enough to wear one is not 
likely to be upstaged by any of 
the women lining the tow 
path at Henley, even if she is 
wearing an exdusive dress 
from one of the outstanding 
Beauchamp Place collections 
such as Sava, Kanga or 

Back in town after your day 

at the regatta it will be time 
for a dinner with a difference. 
The restaurant that can be 
guaranteed to provide a meal 
to remember is Ken Lo’s 
Memories of China, 67/69 
Ebury Street, which on July 4 
celebrated its fifth birthday. 

Kenneth Lo, who founded 
the restaurant with his 
delightful English wife, 
Anne, is that rare mix of Ori- 
ental gentleman, English 
international tennis player, 
and culinary expert extraordi- 
nary. He is recognised as 
possibly the most authorita- 
tive writer on Chinese 
cookery. He has written 40 
books on the subject. 

Born into a family of 
Chinese diplomats, he was 
educated in both Peking and 
at Cambridge, but first tasted 
fame as a top class tennis 
player. In 1937 he played 
against Bunny Austin, then 
ranked number three in the 
world, and won the first set 
6-2. Today, his restaurant. 
Memories of China, is one of 
the few resauranrs that does 
not concentrate on a specific 
area of that vast country, but 
instead offers dishes from all 
the main regions including 
Peking, Szechuan, Shanghai 
and Canton. A ‘memorable 
dinner costs £17.50 and his 
mini-banquet £19.50. But you 
must book. 

After lunch at Memories of 
China it is only a short taxi 
ride to Curzon Street, where 
you find Curzons the exclu- 
sive club on the corner with 
Park Lane which will be the 
scene of two leading social 
events this month.' 

On July 9 and 10 after two 
charity poformanoes of the 
new musical Mutiny in aid of 

the Variety Club, it will host 
two late night parlies on be- 
half of the star, David Essex, 
and BBC Radio 1. A host of 
celebrities from stage, screen, 
television and radio will at- 
tend, including, it is hoped 
ballet star Wayne Sleep, ac- 
tresses Jane Asher and JiU 
Bennett and photographer qc- 
traordinary, David Bailey. 
The following week on July 
16 a gala fashion show will be 
staged at the club by desi- 
gners Gina Fraiiini, who 
makes clothes for several 
members of the British Royal 
Family, and Da rid Cham- 
bers, featuring their latestcd- ' 
lections for afternoons and 
evening- Among guests it is 
hoped will attend are Annie 
Ross, Shirley Bassey, Marti 
Caine and Joan Collins. 

A short distance from 
Curzons is Marks .Antiques at 
No 49 Curzon Street where 
the silver is as good as the 
staff are knowledgeable. They 
will assist you to choose, or 
leave you to browse. They 
may even offer you a cup of 
tea if they are not too busy 
serving the army of customers 
which daily invades die shop 
seeking something extra spe- 
cial to take home. 

If the Royal Tournament' 
excites and Henkgr c ap ti vates , 
at Marks Antiques you will be 
enthralled. It is part .of 
London. .V- 



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S Beauchamp Place London SW3 Telephone: 02-587 IftJl 

For full details regarding subject matter of future 
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SaUyann Child 
International Herald Tribune, 

63 Long Acre, London WCZ 
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FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1985 

.-a ".v. r' ; EJUi >’ ‘ * v nimawsu. 



Page 11 


puter Future 


• iVrw York Times Serrice 

EW YORK — Tedmologics and sciences have' a 
L t CT deac y to swige: Physics and chemistry f Y rrr ‘ in fo 
metallurgy, plastics and the other material mwir^ 

\ Genetic en^neeaiiig bubbles up bom 

which biology, physics and chemistry have been stirred- And In 
nog way or another just about every scientific br a n c h jg absorbed 
into computers. 

Attem pts are even, being made to incorpor a te mytig; into 
niiarodectroaics, in hopes of producing sdf -replicating biochips. 
These in tri g uing little grow-your-own di gital c nm p n t m g devices 
show great promise, if not feasibility before the 21st century. 

More immediately we have the entwinezoont of ra mp i n g 
sniflp^ and telephonies in the endeavor with' the horrid nm»y- of 
oompmrications. Fortunately, - 

r* the 

atiem has not yet 


In technology, 
the possible and 

the probable often 

do not coincide. 

Some companies 

cafl it simply C and C, which 
has the ring of a happy-hour 
; ^dnlr that never made iL 
- Compaq's latest ansounco- 
' meat in this realm, the Telc- 

compaq, strives for a little 

.more cachet with the descrip- 

• turn of itself as a “tdecomputer.” At the moment that deagnation 
seems the least offensive. 

- ; The T de o nmp aq is a full-scale personal computer with all the 
. ‘bells and whistles, as wen as a telephone handset, that does 
everything short of doing the talking for you. 

Nomenclature aside, what the union refers to is the fact that 
telephone switching, the technology behind getting your call from 
- home through to Aunt Martha in Kentucky, routed by way of, 
.. say, Orlando, Florida, or Benridji,. Minnesota, whichever results 
_ in the best : economy for the telephone companies, is now almost 
.. entirely digital, just as the personal conmuter is. Since the 
1 telephone and the personal computer wok in the «me way, 
‘everyone would naturally prefer to have them combined in one 
' ■handy unit Or so, judging from the fhmy of Computer phones 
'-'besetting the maricerj^ace, manufacturer seem tobdieve. 

U NFORTUNATELY for their bottom line, most of these 
companies will discover that all this elegant merging of 
technologies is not what the customer wants, at least not at 
the premium prices currently commanded by the integrated. 
. '-voice-data terminals. 

: Over all, the combination reminds me of the four-color pen 1 
-received for Christmas as a child. Being able to slide a yellow, 
blue, green or red button down the side of the pen and have the 
-^appropriate colored ballpoint emerge from the tip was neat The 
- -implement was somewhat bulky, however, and I never really used 
- It much. Nor, 1 suspect, did many other people. 

_ From a technical standpoint, it is true that modem telephone 
* network switching systems are looking more and more like digital 
computers- Even individual handsels are undergoing drip im- 
. ^plants, and soon every telephone will be a smart phone. Some of 
' the ramifications might be surprising, however. 

4 For instance, I recently spoke with a man who had been unable 
Jjo reach me by telephone for a week because of his hospital stay. 
He had had a bedside phone, but before his stay he had become 
^accustomed to using an antodiakr with the numbers he railed 
j-post commonly programmed into it He had made calls with a 
touch of a button for so long he had forgotten all the numbers. 

{ The real puzzlement about the obvious — that telephones and 
iters will become one — is that the particular lengths to 

this evolution wiD develop is far less certain than its 

p feventnaKty. An analogy cocdd be drawn between the new “coan- 
^bumcating" devices and home, computers. . 

L >*T That home computers have become part and parcel of all our 
I lives is likewise unarguable. The computer as a general-purpose 
(Continued on Page 13, CoL 1) 


Currency Rates 






11ZM5 ■ 



F S. 
27515 • 
3U45 * 

1-5*65 X 




13*55 ■ OUZv 
_ TUB lUL* 

4S67- TWJt* 122S* 

KLO 13*53 326J5 

3UM 7*128 781* 

.... i 

... • v 

Dollar Vataea 


050 Flo. mUon 4205 

.5 1-5001 Greek drac. 13525 

Bk.HU. 3127 Hcng KongS 7272 6229 tadbai rupee 029 

524BJQD lad&rwWi 1,11*20 

15 USAS trim I 02647 

1 1055)3 Israsfl shaft. 123120 

07«2 KowaM dinar 0202S 

Currency Mr iui 
M atey, rlns. 1493 
Met. peso 31320 
Msrw.kroae 523 
PU(. peso 1545 
Port escudo 17320 
Sanflrtvcd 3L6518 

stems 22XS 

S. Atr. rand 12743 


r IUI 

Thai bate 27235 
nrktebara snso 
UAIdhtan 14735 
Van. baltv. U20 

o: 12739 Irtehc 

ams: Beam* do Benelux (Brussels); Bona Ounmorckde llalkww (Milan); Chemical 
tan* York); Banmxt UaOenaie He Paris (Partsj; BonXofTtXm m*ro); IMF (SOR); 

Mi (atnar. rtyat rUrfxxrt). Other data from Routers andAP. 


• 1 .:' 

- • 

‘".•I >*- 

Interest Rales 







P Marti 







Jxfy4 . 

1294.12 4b 
ii ib-ram 

mt-lOW 9«r*H, 7*4 

lotto-iom ftWMk 7*4 

MMb-lSO. 9MV, 70fc 

101W-10W *144*4 714 

111M 1*4 9*4414 tV4 

Sources; Morgan Guaranty (dollar. DM. Sft Pound. FF); uords Bant (ECU); neuters 
'). R at e s appl icable to Mordant deaootts at %1 million mtiUmum (or taulualmd). 


ftyH w w y Baies July 
SNStetei doss Pm 

. M i n itei 
.. WMnilM tede 

i m un 

105m lev. 

IM 132/14 

wvw w» 

MtaL 103/14 

mi oft 
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II 15/14 H 5/14 
1131/32 n 







****** Rtvmrs. O mmn b m t. Credit 
Lm ddgunds Bomb Beak of totra. 

AriaaPoBw P g pw to 


1 month 7M.-7*. 

2 months 7*V-7*w 

3 month* 7*4-714 

6 months 7*. 8 

1 rear 8 V. -834 

Source; Reuters. 

U-S. M«aey Market 


Martin Lrnch Read* *aots 
3»da y ovsTO Bsytetd: 

Tsl o r at t Inlmail Rata imtex: 


source: Merrill Lynch. AP 



LswmMVfta 3WJ5 

Parti (1X5 mio) 31127 
ztaridi 3U6S 

London 3KM 

Maw York — 

Liwenewa Rrb and London oHIdol fix- 
Mbsv Hong Kong and Zurich opening and 
dosing prices; Next Yorit Comox current 

contract AH prices In UJ. SOOT OUIK#. 

Source: Routers. 



31 OS 



+ 121 


r jRnancial mt irkft i^. b 3nif * and government offices were closed 

'('Thtusdayin the United States for die Independence Day holiday. 



Hints at Change 

Ctm^kd bf Otr Staff From DbpaUha 

VIENNA — Sheikh Ahmed 
Tati Yamani, the Saudi AraKan 
ofl nunister, sad Thursday "he op- 
posed any change m OPEC's pace 
structure bat that the question of 
production quotas was still open. 

Shalrh Ygroflni end the p rimar y 

sam of OPECs ministerial confer- 
mce, scheduled to open in Vienna 
on Friday, was “to protect the pike 

He said he did not anticipate any 
pace adjustments bat that' there 

The aO rninidw of the United 
Arab Emirates, meanwhile, said die 
Organization of Petroleum Export- 
ing. Countries was stndymg “a new 
way" to pn^> up sagging oil prices 
and s tabilize sates. 

Maria Said alOteiba said that an 
advisory panel of six "lim-atm 
wotdd recommend to a full OPEC 
c on fe r e n ce Friday that prices be 
kept at S28 a band and (he produc- 
tion Ttmif maintained at 16 twiriinn 
barrels a day. 

Mr. Otdba spoke to reporters 
after a two-hour meeting of 
OPECs Market Monitoring Com- 
mitieeL He u chairman of tM com- 
mittee, which includes libya, Alge- 
ria, Iraq and F/wsHw 

Earfier in the day, Nigeria’s osl 
Tam David-West, said aO 
13 OPEC member g over nm ents 
had been on n”**! price 


“Oar problem is iwliMpBw- »nd 
not tdling the troth," Mr. David- 
West said 

~ The OPEC members are muter 
pressure from market forces to re- 
duce prices, but some countries 
have said they wfll firmly oppose 
any reductions. They favor farther 
cutbacks in production. \ 

Industry analysts- have *«id the 
meeting is fikdy to be . one of 
OPECs most dimculL The groop 
b weakened by a deefine in demand 
and increased production by Brit- 
ain and other nuimn outside the 
OPEC sphere, and has been unable 
to hah the slide in prices. . 

The Underwriting Room at KJoytFs in London. Inset, Peter Miller, Lloyd's A m hi m w. 

U.S. Liability Litigation Takes Toll , 
Even at Lloyd’s, as Profits Tumble 

By Bruce Keppd 

Lee Angeles Tima Sendee 

LOS ANGELES — For nearly three centuries, 
Britain's venenble insurance market, Lloyd's of 
London, withstood and richly profited f ro m 
the periodic turbulence characteristic of the prop- 
erty-casualty insurance business. But the 1980s 
-have been exceptionally unkind to the industry 
worldwide — and now Lloyd’s is proving not to be 

Lloyd’s, whose e n t r e p reneurial zeal in insuring 
■imnot any thing from a communications satelli te 
to a starlet’s bust is by shrewd assess- 

ments of the actual risks involved, paid out more in 
rfsirns than it r eceived in jtiesniiinw in 1981, die 
most recent year for which figures have been 


The SSS J-uuIHon underwriting loss (based on 
current exchange rales) was more than offset, how- 
ever, by investment income earned from the premi- 
urns, resulting in a net profit of about S19S zmllkuL 

Still, that was the market's shmmest profit since 
1977. Peter North MiHcr, Lloyd's chairman, said 
recently in Lo6 Angeles that 1982, now bring 
audited, could prodnee the exchange's first net loss 
since 1965 and 1966, althoogh not as great as the 8- 
percent loss in those years. 

Mr. Mdler, 54, lard much of the Name for 

- T JnytTs phongE nf fortune t/5 Tiahility ti ri garim and 

la^ge court awards in the United States rather than 
.to the cutthroat competition for premium income 
that has H s ms y H or destroyed many U.S. insurers. 
Lloyd's does 35 percent of its business in the 
United States,. he said. “The courts in America 
tend to throw liability asonod a hit,” Mr. Miller 

“Without reform of text law in the U.SL, there 
will not be a market to cover the liabilities that 
Americans- want to see covered,” he said. He died 
ppHiipo n-rffawnp insura nce, which is now both 
required difficult to find as a result of regula- 

tory uncertainty in the United States and muiti- 
bflfion-doDar litigsHnn, such as that which fol- 
lowed New York’s Love Canal disaster involving 
pollution caused by chemical -wastes near Niagara 

Mr. Miller has been voicing his warning across 
the United States, roeakiog to the National Associ- 
ation of Insurance Broken and the National Asso- 
ciation of inammff. Commissioners. 

As if underlining the urgency of the industry’s 
concern, a San Francisco Superior Court jury de- 
rided May 31 that ManviEe Carp- winch is strug- 
gjing with large damag e drums for asbestos poi- 
soning from exposures dating back decades, bad 
fiabifity insarance during key periods mare than 
half a oentmy ago — even though the actual 
(Coothned oa Page 13, CoL 4) 

VW Posts Profit 
In Half After 
Year-Ago Loss 

By Warren Getler 

International Herald Tribune 

BERLIN — Volkswagenweric 
AG, West Germany’s largest auto- 
maker, said Thursday that it had 
net group profit of 280 million 
Deutsche marks ($92 miUion) in 
the first half of this year compared 
with a 162-nrillion-DM loss in the 
same period a year earlier. 

It was the company's best first- 
half performance in tbe last few 
years. VW also posted a first-half 
loss, of 147 billion DM, in 1983. 

Carl H. Hahn, managing board 
fhsmnan, told the annual share- 
holders meeting that group revenue 
rose 20 percent in the first half to 
about 27 billion DM from 1984. 

But Mr. Hahn cautioned that 
first-half sales growth — distorted 
by the impact of a major strike that 
cut into last year's fast-half reve- 
nues — could not be used as a 
gange for fell-year performance. 

Mr. Hahn said the relationship 
of VW*s profits to sales continued 
to be unsatisfactory, despite shoos 
ing an im pr o vement in the profit 
margin from the end of 1984. 

VW posted consolidated net 
profits of 228 million DM in 1984 
on record sales of 45.7 trillion DM, 
yielding a profit-sales ratio of 1A 
percent. VW restored a dividend of 
5 DM on 1984 results, after two 
years without dividends. 

Mr. Hahn did not offer projec- 
tions for the fell year but said VW 
expects “steady” second-half eam- 
m gs Officials said VW had been 
encouraged by an increase of more 
than 10 percent in domestic orders 
in the first five months, compared 
with a year earlier. 

Mr. Hahn said results in the sec- 
ond half would depend partly on 
the course of the U.S. dollar, as well 
as on political »nH economic uncer- 
tainties in other foreign marker* 
where VW is active. 

Concerns about foreign markets 
center oa political unrest in South 
Africa, where VWs operations 
continue to post losses, and on eco- 
nomic troubles in Mexico, Argenti- 
na and Brazil, Mr. Hahn said. 

Mr. Hahn said worldwide VW 
deliveries were up 4 percent to 1J2 
million units whue domestic deliv- 
eries — hampered by a debate over 

emissi ons controls — - trailed the 
year -earlier results by 3 percent at 

382.000 units. 

Exports from West Germany to 
tbe rest of Western Europe in the 
first half totaled 402,000 units, with 
Italy showing particularly strong 
gains, Mr. Hahn said Exports to 
the United States from West Ger- 
many increased 4 2 percent to 

86.000 units, while overall US. 
sales, including U.S. production, 
was up 2 percent to 146,000. 

Helped by sales of the its new 
Golf model. VW raised its domes- 
tic market share to a 28.7 percent 
from 27.8 at the end of last year. 

Mr. Hahn said the rapid rise of 
VWs share price on West German 
stock exchanges this year pointed 
to investor confidence in the future 
profitability of VW. Its shares have 
become one of the top performers 
on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange 
this year, climbing to 345 DM from 
203 DM at tbe end of 1984 and 
185.4 DM a year ago. 

Set to Liquidate 


HONG KONG —The board 
of Wheelock Maritime Interna- 
tional Ltd. has decided to vol- 
untarily liquidate the company, 
it announced Thursday. 

An extraordinary general 
meeting will be held to vote on a 
resolution to end the company 
and appoint Ernst & Whinney, 
an American accounting firm, 
as Iimtidalors, the statement 
said. The date of the meeting 
has not been derided. 

Wheelock Maritime is 50 per- 
cent owned by Wheelock Mar- 

den & Qx, a shipping and trad- 
ing company that has just been 
taken over by Hongkong & 
Kowloon Wharf ft Godown 
Co. Trading in its shares was 
suspended on March 7. Whee- 
lock Maritime said on March 7 
that its f inanc ial situation WHS 
critical because of Wheelock 
Maiden’s decision to discontin- 
ue further financial assistance. 

Consortium to Promote 
Channel Tunnel Plan 


12.151 32*46 *772 s 23DM UU17» 32815 X7M5* 

32523 IU6 2684 1284* 7251 40616* 9753 — 

jrkft 25*43 33481 83855 * 27535 * 03315 * 7*505* 61*38* U272* 

JECU 03*17 05*42 22517 68545 1436S8 25308 4SJ4S U8R . 183711 

n>R nor Avomaas 

halnas tn London and Zurich, fixings In other Eunaean centers. New York rates at* PM. 
xteam m ord pHriMtc <b! Amounts n e aclmt to txnr one pound (cj Amounts needed to txnr ear 
oHar(’) Units of IDO U) Units of LOOO Cr) UnttsotHUOaHOi not mated; tLA^ ootavahabta. 
uj near one xmod: SUSOund 

By Colin Chapman - 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Earoroute LicL, a 
British-French consortium propos- 
ing to build a 35 - leflo ro eter (22- 
nme) road-rail bridge and tunnel 
across the English Oiannri, the 
basest seaway in the Western 
hemisphere, announced Thursday 
that it -would spend £10 nnffion 
($ 13.11 miffion) m making propos- 
als to the British and French gov- 
ernments before the OcL 31 dead- 

• The consortium's chairman, Sr 
Nigel Broaches, who is also chair- 
man of the construction group, 
Trafalgar House PLC, told repre- 
sentatives of British investment in- 
stitutions that “after so mamr false 
starts, it is going to happen.* 

The Eurorootc plan provktesfor 
a series of road midges, 50 meters 
above high water, from each ade of 
tbe channel to two man-made is- 
lands offshore. Tbe islands would 
be joined by two 20-lolmneter pre- 
fabricated tnnnds laid on the sea- 
bed, allowing far shipping to pro-, 
ceed unhindered. A separate rail 
tumid would run across tbe chan- 

1 Enroroote puts the cost erf its 
plan at £4J bulioc at 1985 
and Sir Nxgd said that 
this was twice as expensive as 

Toted of Jobless 
Dmps in Britain 

00 people, the 
e* April 1984; 
‘ Employ- 

. The Assodrued Press 

LONDON —Seasonally ad- 
justed unemp loyment in Britain 

fdl in Jane by 7,400 
first di-dine since 
tbe Department of 
meat ann ounced 

The seasonally 

ore — considered the best 
to job trends — registered the 
biggest fall since August 1979. 
But 3,169,600 people or 13.1 
percent of the British work 
force are still jobless, foe same 
percentage as in May. Employ- 
ment Secretary Tom King said 
die fall in unemployment and 
foe increase in job vacancies to 
their highest kvd since March 
1980 were "deariy good news" 
and “add np to the best month 
for more than five years.” 

Ned Kinaock, leader at foe 
opposition Labor Party, said of 
the latest figures: “I am obvi- 
ously pleased at any downturn 
in the trend. But sadly that evi- 
dence is tiny and temporary. 
”At this rale, it will take 25 

years to get back to the nnem- 

ployment feeds of 1979 — foal 
is how far this country has fall- 
en" under Rome Minister Mar- 
garet Thatcher, he sakL 

other major alternative — a rail 
tnnnd proposed by the Channel 
Tunnel Group, a British consor- 
tium wifojfrench backing — it was 
“three times as effective and likely 
to produce three limes the earn- 


He said Eurorootc had appoint- 
ed the nvydumt hanfors, Klrin- 
wort Benson LltL, as financial ad- 
visers, with Barclays Bank PLC as 
lead managers in arranging financ- 
ing in Britain. Both had agreed to 
become shareholders. The London 
firm of Caaenove has been appoint- 
ed stockbrokers. 

Earoroute, whose British part- 
ners indude Trafalgar House PLC, 
British Steel Coip^ British Ship- 
builders and John Howard ft Co, 
will apply to foe British govern- 
ment tor p er mi ssion to buud and 
operate the program. Tbe consor- 
tium's French partners, Socfefe 
G6n6rafe, Basque ' Paribas, GTM 
Entrepose, Alsfoom and Chan tiers 
defAti&ntiqne, will make a similar 
application to the French govern- 
ment. If successful, the two organi- 
zations will jointly place tbe design 
and construction contracts. 

Sr Nigd said the lead contrac- 
tors, Earoroute Constructions Ltd, 
would be British and French, but 
that much of foe weak would be 
subcontracted, with initial tender- 
ing fimited to companies in the Eu- 
ropean Cramnainty countries. 

The new chief executive of Ear- 
oroute Construction Ltd, Bob Sel- 
Ser, estimated that if app roval was 
given, it would take one year to 
marshal the resources Tar the pro- 
ject, five years to build the bodge 
and a fmthcr year to complete .the 
tunnels. Dangers of a cost overran 
were aaHfceiy, he said, because no 
new technology was involved, with 
the majority of the work being pre- 
fabricated in France and Bntain 
under factoty conditions. 

Mr. Seflier said tbe 500-meter 

concentnc concrete 
idas that would be strong 
i to withstand a blow from a 
-ton supertanker striking 
them at 17 knots. Each bridge span 
would be Independent, so that ‘if a 
kamikaze pilot flew into one of 
them, there would be no danger of 
the whole structure buckling.” 

The roads from foe bridges 
would drop into the tunnels 
throogh a spiral descending at a 
33-percent grade built inside 260- 
meter-wide concrete cylinders, 
constructed on existing sandbanks. 
Three new island would offer ho- 
lds, restaurants and a yacht haven. - 
The full-time chief executive of 
Euroroute. Ltd, Robin Biggam, 
told the Institutions attending 
Thnrsday's presentation that it be- 
lieved the cost of the scheme would 
be manageable if foe government 
gave tire company a 50-year con- 

American Express Bank 

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AoKiicaa Eipau Ini 1/4 
An American Eiprcu companr 




>ld Options uriMhm 







i» 7X0 

1375 15JS 

7033 mo 






I5S. 250 

675- 825 




0» 175 

425 575 
tJ5 *25 

6 75 8S 

GcU 3109-3110) 

Consortium to Develop 5 Hong Kong Sites 

•.I** t 

IK 1 “ 

IVakvs WUtcWeM &A. 

Reuters billion Hong Kong dollan < 5257-8 

HONG KONG — A consortium million) to devel op five sites above 
headed by Hang Lung Develop- Mass Transit Railway Corp. sta- 
ment Co. will spend more than 2 lions here, the company said 

I, QN MnartBnr 
1211 Ge*m I. Swtn w taaJ 
Td 31 0251 - Trick AMS 





The projects call for develop- 
ment of 1.1 million square feel 
(99.000 square meters) of comroer- 

die consortium footing the rest of 
ihe costs. 

Wardley Holdings Ltd. is the 
agent for the loan, which will cany 
interest one percentage point above 
the Hong Kong interbank offered 

Wilfred Newton, Mass Transit 

Michigan Called 

dal space and 1.6 million square Railway's chair man , said the pro- 
feet of apartments around Hong reflected devri oners’ confi- 



In tsnsidejWim with Nippon Yiboi isabu- 
tthild KaieKi ihe depositary intends to ter- 
minal* the Deposit Agreement tor CDRs of 

feet of apartments around Hong jea reflected developers’ confi- 
Kong Island, to be completed by dence in Hong Kong's property 

the end of 1987. 

Included in the costs are 600 m3- 


He said Mass Transit Railway 

,, W1 lion Hong Kong dollars of land ^ ^Triout one Woh 

nwriiui^ \C L— p^owm dc,Uare from ^ ** of propcrTy at 

aCfiSS - SLST ^Showcverrhmrhes^e 

A. JuJv it. i98s on* cdr Hans L um has a slake of more .. 

The Associated Pros 

NEW YORK — General 
Motors Corp. may announce 
the site of its new Saturn plant 
next week, and southwestern 
Michigan appears to be the 
most likely ate, an American 
cable television channel said 

GM, however, said no site 
had been selected. 

Financial News Network 

U.S. Automakers Report Decline in Sales 1 ,, 

Los Angeles Tuna Semcc restraints last April. But analysts period- For the entire month, safcj ' ' * 
DETROIT— Hurt by increased still believe the import market at both companies were vinaaih 
competition from imports and the share should level oft at about 25 flat compared with last June, 
removal of sales incentives. U.S. percent by the year’s end. Or the imgor import mama*, 

automakers posted their first “The import market share was turers. only Toyota and Sobtmi re . 

monthly sales decline of the year in down in the first four months of 
June, the industry reported. this year," David Healy. an auto 

wTtflJ £ mT«M13L2 

percent last month, but import hert, ai- 

sles rose 16.7 pawn, the auto- more months to average ouL 

makers said Wt&iesday. Strength In addition, analyses said that » » -TJ- “KSSft ' 
in sales of foreign makes pushed domestic sales were hurt by the 

total sales for the month up 15 ending of the discount financing J^«.pace wnp toe®. . 

percent from the year before. programs offered by the domestic t rnuc tor a year. . - 

pcrceni iron* uk *»* r*. j k!1s Imports sold at an annual rated 

The auto companies said they awjpama on some moans. 3 ^ f ® ; . . - 

sold 676.675 passenger cars last I do not thmk the decline fby ^ rate posted'in Max- - .' 

month, compared with sales of domestic manufacturers] is aston- “iHne’s sales were sofL^Mfc '- 
727^70 in June 1 984. imports sold ishing in l^tofihemcmtiveb Hcalysaidi “butwtarestfflatif C 
an estimated 252,000 cars in June, coming off, Mr. Healy said. Hl . - ... v&i • ; 

up from last year's 224,500. and added that he would expect sales of a * - 6 3 ’ .. } ' : " 

churned 27.1 percent of the U5. U-S.-built care to pick up if major ■ - ' l, V 

market in June — their highest consumer incentive programs are !>■■ 

monthly share since August 1983. started again. H/menn Tn»«f 0/** w 

Combined domestic and import General Motors said that its J.J Oroj \: 

sales totaled 928,675 in June, com- sales were off 15 percent in June’ s nr^/.r , an r D_-f rlpr- : 

pared with 951,870 last year. final 10 days, resulting in a 5.6- xi€£uUt\ OO MrTOttt v 

A* ftvra July 11. 198S on* new CDR Spuuteial 1 72, Aartentam. The «*i* ] 
Cxen Computer Co„ Lid. cum «J». 23 °f *"****» *«* dAwy «r free of 
wi* wutuJun i*pr. 1.000 AomYm dun*. hcmr. CMtS lor *p»U of on& 
SO.- Vfll be ara£tblr Ml Knr-Areoeimtie naJ .Wit j. tank int.tution (equated b 
N.V_ SpuxrtraM 172. Anwurdnm fm* ihc LDR-fwlder aw for arcounl of ibe 
delnrrr of 100 «fiv.*pi>.nu. 21 oT CDRi- CDR-tolder. 

Oldu Computer Co.. Hi rrpr. 100 AMSTERDAM DEPOSITARY 

or 10 div^pNao.2i ul CDRx Cwio Com- COMPANY N.V. 

CSSaiK 1 3t* fc ^ AmJeixtam. Jun* 21a. 19S5. 

Alter 13lh Sepumbor. I98S ih- njuhiUii ^S^SSSfiSSBBSBi 
u i tin • IJ/Ry. ntiiilt Inti- ind bin rliimoi l» (i»* ■ '■ - 

Wik-R. .4 21. >»ill br -oU. ADVERTISEMENT 

Th> , |<n*-nyk-4lhTilyhi.lH<i r»t ■■vjjtw*. will !»• 

Mrf in rjrll Ji |f«- illrfaiul "if -jU hoUiT-. “ _ 

Kintlvr ll»- uial-r-nhil aiuuiuniv llul a 1 Infli M ,.., uu 

udijhih'. IMS ji kt-.wmii' \.v.S(w*. CITY INVESTING COMPANY 

lud 172. Vnv*-nUm. 22 lunwii- (CDR’b) 

]auu.-I Ik on 'MMimi - ! of tb« CDRn Cun 

Computer to Ltd. w31 br puaUe »»itb 

S^SffLTBk 1 ZilSt The undmugoed has recaved a mffl- 

ihc CDR-Kolder aw for accounl of ibe H rammari Ca 

CDR-holder. New World Development Co. 

AMST ^5S^K S^^ rrAR Y holds more than 20 percent, Liu 
„ , Chong Ring Investment Ltd. 7.8 

He noted, however, that the sale 
would not go far in reducing Mass 

said the plant probably would 
be located in Kalamazoo, Nfidi- 

d. than 60 percmt in the consortium, 

vduch was set up last year under the 

percent, Melbourne Enterprises 
Ltd. 7.4 percent and Central Devel- 



Ltd 7.4 percent and Central Devel- 
opment Ltd 3.9 percenL 
Mr. den said Hongkong & 
Shan g hai Banking Corp. and its 
affiliates would loan Grammap 800 
mtUion dollars for the project, with 

R qjrtft Halt R rnnhay T railing 


BOMBAY — Trading on the 
Bombay Slock Exchange came to a 
halt Thursday when hundreds of 
tax officials stormed the offices of 
brokers in a raid to find untaxed 

i gflTT, although Kentucky and 
Tennessee sml were potential 
sics. Several states are compet- 
ing for the plant, which would 1 
create 6,000 factory jobs and a , 
possible 10,000 positions in re- 
lated businesses. Texas had 
been mentioned as- a possible 
location, but Senator Phil 
Gramm aid Wednesday that a 
lack of positive sgnals from 
GM made him doubt that the 
plant would be located there. 

Or the mayor import manufac- 
Hirers, only Toyota and Sobou ’ 
ported sales declines for the 0014 
On a seasonally adjusted ahnmj 

basis, June’s sales equafed an amm. - 
alrawof7.9miIiioncais,offsfBqj. . 
ly from the 8.7 miilion rate recorjj. . 
ed in May. The annual rate reflects - - 

market in June — their highest 
monthly share since August 1983. 

Combined domestic mid import 
sales totaled 928,675 in June, com- 
pared with 951,870 last year. 

Industry analysts noted that the percent decline for the month, 
increased sales of Imports, especial- Ford and Chrysler reported sales 

Hanson Trust Sees 
Health}' ’85 Profit 

.ly Japanese, was expected because declines of 8.1 percent and 7.7 per- 
of the loosening of Japanese import cent respectively in the June 21-30 

Mllb Dll*. 147,90 per LllK nepr. 
slui. (‘ft*. |«-r mmliW AL-UOSS pr*«* In 
12,1 |teh.l alter iluhblim uf ITT- u\ 

from ibe Com 
i rectors has d 

vdul the Board 
led lo liquidate 

Floating-Rate ^ Notes 


7J50- WW 2i»l n*]-r. 10.1 Companv. June Hftth, 1' 

I017S.— - WU. 20.10 U.T CDR. iiu 

been fixed as the record-date for the 

vArikM jn .urwbvil -J.n J.pucv = 25a- detenmnation of shareholders who 


1 mt ;ua ut cdh. >v|.r. loo 4b*_ Vn shall be entitled to recrivc the liqui- 
22iU). — = HU. 3L80 |»t (TiR. n-pr. IICO Hating distribution of U5 $750 per 

^ , . . share with respect to the Company's 

After 20. 10.108S il»* -111. “ill onlv bi- uud c.-.lT 1 1 

iukLt .k-riiniun i4 20^- Japin niih ^rvp. Uu. Lte»mroon 240CK. 

» TM) 
6% 28-11 

m »ii 


9B. 2*47 
ll. 06-12 


Wft Z7« 

r ^ 


1 08481 0u8 
98X7 99J7 

S" ttS 

9% 2M9 

m am 





|;W2 aih< mu. IJI 20 ni-f ,-jk-Ii in m-ronliniv 
uilh lb 1 Liv rr^nUikite. 

Ant-tenlim. 27tliju»-. 1085. 


Amsterdam, June 25th, 1985. 



Quotations Supplied by Funds Listed 
4 July 1985 

tim net aster value «Mfatlo« sMmtMfawa-vMppHMl br Kw Funds Htfeil MlHr Uw 
exception of some funds whose quotes are based an issue prices. The following 
morainal symbols indicate frequency of quotations supplied for the IHT: 
td) -daily; (w) -weekly; tb)-bj -monthly; !r) -regularly; lli - irregu tarty. 

tw) Ai-Mai Trust, SA- 


—Her) Lloyds Inti N. America- SIMM 

— +(wl Uoyds mri Pacific SF 13*SI 

— +1 nr) Uords Infl Smeller Cos. - SIAM 

—la } CoSbor^. — 
— id > Equlboer Amrrlco. 
— id ) Equlboer Euroee_ 
— Id I Equlboer Pacific 

— td) Grobar, 
— <dJ5ft>cUxn 

— td ) Altai Growth Fu 

— (wl DtverbMO 

— Iwl FIF — America — 
—[•rl F IF— Europe — 
— <wi F IF— Pacific 


SF 19A3JU —(d) Class A 

. S 1)91 JO H*)Oq»B-U5. 

sf ljoaoo — (w) Clone -Jonon 


SF 147700 SS'KSSk TiSS: 

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fac mgmt. ltd. iNv. advisers Other Funds 

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— iml Amor Values Cum.FW *102X3 (wl Trvstcar Inn Fd. (AEIFI S I0JO 

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— td I Fidelity Australia Fund *|J7 (w) Bandselex-lssue Pr. SF 139.75 

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—id I FWelify Frontier Fund SU7T im) Clevotand Offshore Ffl. — J 2.11247 

-id ) FkJejliv Podfjc Fund 5 13114 ( «) Columbia Securities FL 117.19 

—id ) Fidelity Socl. Growth Fd. 51*57 (b)COMETE *823.17 

—Id I Fidelity World Fund *3349 |w) Convert, Fd. Inn A Certs *9X9 

FORBES PO BS87 GRAND CAYMAN jwj Cwtvert. F«L Inti B Certs — _ 827.92 

^SH -301 3 IIM (d I o. Witter WTd Wide Ivt TP — *10X8 

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zi"! SS olSSS s nS . - s 3X9 Id 1 Drerfas Fund inti *39.17 

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Other Funds 

—Id ) Fidelity Socl. Growth Fd._ 
—Id I Fidelity World Fund- 

PE ) 1?. Sf Peter Port. Guernsey. M87-37M 

I ml FuturGAM SA 

(mlGAM APhllrape IIK 
Iwl GAMntco Inc- 
ur; Gam Boston Me 
(«•) Gam Ermltooe 
Iw; GAM Fronc-vol 
id I GAM mternotlonal Inc 
iwl 6 a m North America rnc 

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|w) Gam Worldwide me 
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— 1 «.) scotiMi World Fund *1 1240 io 1 Filly Stars LJd. *89578 

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id l Fondltalla *£75 

2JS-W id I Govornm. Sec. Fund* S 92M 

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« fir'll > wl Hausstnann Hldav N.V— S 171X4 

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eimii (wl Horton Fund *1.18770 

* UTA5 itn) IBEX Haidtaps Ltd SF tllffl 

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S4a| im) JoHtr Ptns. InlL Ltd *11457.70 

S 1479 id 1 Klalnwort Benson Inti F(L__ *2347 

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— (die.T.AsocnHJtGwfllFd 51233 jwJ Kle/m»arta«is Jop. 

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—id ) G T. Australia Fund. . — 
—Id I G.T. Europe Fund - 
— Iw) G.T. Euro. Small CM. Fund 

-Id 1 G-T. Dollar Fund — — . 

—10 1 G.T. Band Fund ... 

—id J G.T. Global TeduOav Fd— 
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5 193 iw! Korea Growth Trusl 

*2170 Id I Leieom Fund .._ 

*10X3 {wllAverowe Coo Hold- 

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—Id ) C5F (Balanced)— SF26.M (r ) PorlonSw. R £si Geneva SF 1497X0 

—id i mini. Bond Fund *949* (r ) Permal Value N.v 5 146974 

— Id) mr. Currency US— *24.15 in i Pieffidc* — 510J540 

— Id i UF Fd iTochnoioovl—. 1«4S (w) PECO Fund N.V S 13272 

—Id J O-Seos Fd IN. AMERICA;— S 29.18 <wf PSCO (fill. N.V S I0SX6 


i -3 Seale Sljr. Hei|er;0514- 16331 {" i bmilmFi ^Tv s Jxww 

J HSE==TifiH 

^Te^AT®aN^NI^EVuND 11 ,-K1 }J) Insured 0 epa*l 1 *_ * 

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Zm llsn — « tiw (Wl Seven Arrow* Fund N.V- *71943 

—id ! Short Term 'B' IdS?? 1 — InJBH w) State $1. Bank Equity HdnNV *941 

s D f S 1 M« (w) Slrataov investment Fund_ 12179 

-iwl Lono Term 52159 (cSiSvnttu Ltd/lCtosA)' SiM 

JARDINE FLEMING, POB 70 GPO Ho U Iw) Techno Growth Fund SF8&X8 

-lb i j.F Australia S 2.72 Iwj TOR TO Poe. HoW. ISeo) *9270 

-ib l j.F Hono Kono Try*) * 34.95 iwl Tokyo Pac HoW. N.V 5J i»XJ 

—lb ) J.F Japan Trust— Y *557 Iw) Transpacific Fund. 57931 

-ib » j.F Japan Technology— Y 10.750 (d I Turauolse Fund—.— . . * lOLM 

—Iwl J.F norea Growth Trust KW (w) TweadV.Brawna H.VXIOSSA S 2.176X0 

* iw) TwoodY3rowne n.v.Classl> *Xm8? 

—in ) J.F Pad lie SecA(Act) — 5540 im) Twoedv^rawne lli.K.l n.v. *1fl0DX0 

LLOYDS BANK I N XL. POB *38. Geneve li jrf | K"l b^. U £!^ _ ~ sUOoiS 

-Hal Lloyds mil Dollar 5 114.90 k un rnital Rmtf l.. * imS 

- 11 "! hsss lull ssh— !£ liss I-! v^'fiA^rzzr _ *n^ 

-Id 1 SIWl Term 'A' (Aecuml — 

—Id | Short Term ‘A’ (DIW) 

—Id i snort Term 'B‘ (Accuml — 

—id t Short Term 'S’ lOlsin 

— (w) Lane Term 

Hwl Lawli Inti EuMPC — SF 11450 » VnmtertlAsi 
K*) Lloyds loll Growth — SF 186X0 E? { JSrMFiind S* 
’Iwl LJovds I nil income SF 32340 w 1 WorW FunB SJ 

DM — DQvtsdw Mark; BF — Belgium Prunes: FL — Dutch Ftarln; LF — 
Luxembourg Francs; SF — Swiss Francs; a — asked; + — OH or Prie»s:b — Md 
change p/v *10 IQS1 oar uni i; NA— Nai Available; N. C.~NotComrntei leafed ;a— 
Now; & — suspended; S/5 — Stock Split; * — Ex-Dividend; *" — E»-Rta: *“ — 
Grass Performance index May; * — Redempi- Price- 6* Coupon; ■• — Formerly 
Worldwide Fund Lid, & — otter Price mcf. jn. prelim, charge; ++ — dolly stack 
price oa on Amsterdam stock Exchange 


Let your SUS Dollar buy more In Canada 

170 Apartment Complex 


Your awn vacation land on the fabulous Lake oi Ihe Oaiks in Central 
Missouri Right in the heartland of America. Away from cities, noise, 
pollution and the ral-raee of the workaday uorfd 
Forbes Inc . publishers ol Forbes Magadnc, through Its subsitfiary. 
Sangre de Crist o Ranches Inc. is offering the opportunity of a lifetime for 
you to acqutre one or more acres of our choice Missouri lakeland 
There's no better time than right now to find out if Forbes Lake of ihe 
Ozarks is the place Ice you. Afl our homedfes. including lake front and lake 
view, wifi be a minimum size ol one aert— ranging to over three acres. 
Cash prices stan at $6,000 One or more acres of Ihis IncnaSbly beautiful 
lakeland can be yours for the modest payment of $60 per month, with 
easy ciedh lerms available 

For complete Information, including pcclures. maps and (uO delafb 
on our libera! money-back and exchange privileges, please write icr. 
Forties Europe Inc.. Dept. H. P O Box 86 . London SW1 1 3UT England 
Otilayr the Propcdv fleoon require 2 by Federal law and read * be ire 
Sigro .3 anvTtwv^ No Federal agency has [udoed the meins « value, ri any. 

0* 8 r>o pmiwt/ tQuai Ctedu and Hruxig Opwrumiy 

• Vary wait maintained complex 

• Price: S3.31 0.000. CDN or $2^12.00a US 

• Excellent low, long term financing until 2D07 

• True 12% return on investment 

Office Building 

1 2,000 sq. ft. modem office building. S year lease with a triple 
A tenant 11% return Price $850, 000 DO CDN or $474,000 US. 

For further information and brochures pie 

Attn. Marketing Manager A Leading OevWopmenr 

87 Yongd Street, Suite 700 Sales. Property Management 

Toronto. Ontario, Canada MSE1J8 end Marketing 
Tat (418) 863-0071 - Telex 0652*301 Organization. 

Ocean View Estate 
497 acre (Kile with 24.000 agjL 
randepor jurt compbicd. 9 bedroom 
suites all widi ocean new & private 
baths, every- conceivable luxury in- 
cluding O whirlpool rubs. 14 fire- 
places. indoor gwimmwu poof. Heli- 
port at fraat door. Lirer bun. 
Garages & tennis court irx-fuditi 40 
nun. coasal drivy from Sm Frands- 
ca Airport !0 min. away. Com}4«riy 

furnished. Immediate mvunanev. 

$ 1USO.0OO. Brochure available^ 

S44Kemi} Stirt 
Sea Fioueiaeo. CA 94108 

(415) 434-3600 9 W HM 



Entire Hoor of degc** pm+xr condomini- 
ion. Braothtokytg vievn of Corfrd Park. 12 
room. * bmRa in evquhile move-si cond- 
son. Bring suttn orfyl Pnme location. 
Can be puxhaxd in carporcXa name. 
CoS me 


212-246-7480/ 21 2-794-8874 

o’o RH. Segel Co. 

*0 W«t 57ih S«.. Sues 415 
Now «»*. NY 10019 USA 

Ftfly prof 

ijjwdb^ agent^ri 

Spectof Places For Spoofed People 


82 Pork Place. East Hampton. NY 11937 (516)324-8200 

Subfact to East H am pton Town Approve* 

Global Vision 

As Ihe largest hill service 
real estate firm in Texas 
and the southwestern U.S., 
we provide expertise in 
property acquisitions and 

P tease note specific interest 
m request to 


Your holiday bouse in the UZ£S region (Gard, France), for 
retirement and holiday fun. Excellent investment; rental possibiH- 
lies during your absence. 100 % credit, land included. 

Ask {or on explanatory dossier including plans, guarantees, etc, from: 
MIMOSAS S.CL RJ>. 98. 30700 UZfeS (Francs). TeL 16 <6 6) 22.6655. 





David Do nosky, CEO 
Corporate Headquarters: 
200l Bryan Tower 
Dallas. Texas 75201 
214/748-9171 Tele* 732459 

The bming fm « Ttuas flaai £ctw 
P artnora hi Service wit*) Grutiti 4 Elhs 

Eight hundred ninety 
acres prime California real 
estate tor sale. Located 
north of Los Angeles and 
in Close proximity to Ihg 
Pacific ocean. 

Charming villa near The Hague 
with double garage and beautiful 

Suitable for investments, 
agriculture or dsusiopmene. 

Price $20 million US. 

garden, living wilh fire-place, 
diningroom, 3 bedrooms, modem 
kitchen, bathroom, study, and 
terrace. 2 toilets. 

Ouiet surrounding and a lot of 
privacy situated at Van Mojalen- 
laan 2. The Hague, Holland. 

Pleasa contact: 

Box GP-105 

360 Lexington Am., on nr 
New Tfbric. NY 10017 

Dfl. 900,000. 

Wassenaar -HoBand 
Tel. (0)1757-17300 


appears every 


To ptore on odverfBCRWRt 
cwitoct our office in your country 
(listed in Ciassfthd Section} on 

Dominique Bouvet, 
181 Are, Gtaries-de-faufle, 
9ffi21 ISeoOIj Colex, Fraore. 
Tdcu 613595. 

Horten Profit 
Declines 44% 


the West German department store 
chain, said Thursday that parent 
company net profit fell 44 percent 
to 20 million Deutsche marks 
(S6.57 minion) from 36 miflioc DM 
in the year ended Feb. 28. The 
company said it had reduced its 
dividend to 4 DM from 6 DM. 

A spokeswoman said profit was 
hit by low consumer spending as a 
result of poor weather, labor dis- 
putes and an increased tendency 
towards saving. The same factors 
depressed parent company turn- 
over by 1.9 percent to 2.87 billion 

Horten is majority-owned by 
BAT Industries PLC through its 
West German bolding subsidiary. 


LONDON — Hanson Tru^ j 
PLC will record excellent prof. ! 
its in die year that e 7 tds Sept. 3Q t ] 
the company ldd shareholders ‘ 

The meeting was called to an- ! 
prove the conglomerate's £50* 
million (S632. 5 -million) rights j 
issue, for which acceptances ■ 
were due Thursday. Commeat- 
ing on recent disappointing 
profit statements from other 
companies, particularly in the 
electrical sector. Hanson said 
the group's own trading condi- 
tions remained buoyant. 

In the year ended last Sept . 1 
30, Hanson’s pretax profits to- 
taled £169.1 million, tzp bojh 
£91.1 million the previous wt 
The proceeds ^f rom p|hb 

son’s balance sheet and yield 
healthy returns in pounds ster- 
ling compared to the cost of 

Spbk : 

borrowing dollars, the co mpan y 

said. The funds also will enable 

Hanson to pursue a major (I£ 


General Heebie Ca of ibe Unit- Pharmacia AB has refused to 
ed States has tentatively won a con- comment on a report that Vofo 
tract worth 243 milbon dirhams AB, a major stocknolder. was caS- 
(S66.2 million) from the Abu iog for (he dismissal of Phannaoa's 
Dhabi Department of Water and C mnnar Wessman, in a- 
Hectricity. der to make Phannadacouceotiate 

Japan Synthetic Rubber Ox said more on biotechnology, 
it had 3.95 bfflioa yen ($15.9 mil- ^ c , w market » 
bon) net income, on tumover of ^ .. 

i uau j.yj uuuuu ycuyu.y urn- c , to maitet aa- » 

bon) net moome on turnover of >. . 

£ 5 Effiri= s 

LaAnAe Hotels, one of tbe larg- 
est hotel groups in Britain, has 

est hotel groups in Britain, has Thai Airways International saidit 
bough! Rodeway Inns Internation- was negonaiing to buy four to ss 
aL the Ameri can hotel franchise twin-engined large-caparity Airbio 
company, for $13 milli on- airliners from the European con- 

MCA Inc, the Los Angeles- sonium that builds then. The car- 
based entertainment company, has rent price of the jets is about 555 
declined comment on a report that million each, 
it may be considering a merger with United Breweries Ltd. wwkosal 

RCA or some other business com- two Copenhagen breweries haw 
bination or reorganizati on . voted to end an eighi-wcefc. strike 

Merrill Lynch & Co. said it has 
extended its contract to supply its 

branch offices with installations of tn fWato 

Quotron financial information sys- ^nSOTtoWl fo Create 

terns for another three years fie- Taipei Investment Flffi4 
cause its own joint venture mto «a»*«*amavaa **— v 

financial mlonmuoa services may Rouen 

United Breweries Ltd. workers m 
two Copenhagen breweries haw 
voted to end an eight-week, strike 

Return t-.. 

not be fully operational before HONGKONG — Aconscwom 
then. of companies led by tbe Hag 

Nissan Motor Co. said it would group of Taiwan has been panted 
help Yue Loong Motor Co. of Tai- a lictaise to establish a fund to s!r 

wan to develop a subcompact car, low foreigners lo invest on the Tite- 
to be called the “Man*.” pei stock market, a ronsormcH 

Peowot SA said it would raise spokesman said Thursday. 1 
925 million francs ($100 million) 'Ibe spokesman. Osar. Wong 
through a rights issue in a move said a Taiwan-based oonq»ny,Ni' 
that will boost its capital to 1.05 tional Investment Trust Co, had 
billion francs from 87636 milli on been set up to manag e tbe fund, 
and help finance the group's invest- which had a subscription target of 
meats. $40 million to $60 million. 



SUGAR MW * ^ B “ A “ ^ 

Frcocti francs per matrlc ten , 

g ti n yu.M j 

g s®as-g.i 

Mov H.T. N.T. U5B j® “j 

Aua ija« loss Oft. UH - r! 

EAt. vtj*j im ui* of so w mv. 
sales: 1754 tats. Own hi tonal: 3UU 

Fraocti francs per M8 JW' • ■ , n 
41V N.T. N.T. 5B.WJ tS 

5 «p ins zim zw* 

Ctac Z0AS 10*5 JU03 +1 

Mar 1073 Z066 WH3 

MOV N.T. N.T. SbO — 

JIV N.T. N.T. MB-'— — W li 

SfP NT. N.T. UXA _ 

EM. vpl.: *7 lots ot U fool. Pr*v. Mi" 
soles: 118 tats. Open intaraWTSU. 

Prone* francs pertaake ._ 


& S:?: K RL&Sss 

Moy N.T. N.T. Z»S |W “ft 


Esf.v«L: 53 lata of 5 tana. Prow, attiafw 1 * 
1» tor*. Open Interest : 386 
Source: Bourse du Commerce. 



Volume; 0 tote of 25 tons. 
Source.- uev/orr 

IxHidon Vidals 


Bid «« 


ftert lnupermatrictan 

•*«*■ 7»S 7^00 

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BM Ask 

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i . 

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Starlhtp per o*trtc too 

jw* a9ajo 39«3D nmo goijre 

tw*ard 301 JO 301JO - 388JD SuS 

SfE®* 9 pgr hkMc tan 

SSo tSSSSSSNffiNffi 


Panae oar troy aopca ■ - ■ 

snot - uTM 49140 amtt 4S0J0 
forward *6*25 46530 *6100 -xtaJO 
TIN (StaMka^.. ' £■/■-. 


toNC .. . - ", 

5tarHn* par metric Mr 
snof - • 571JD 57300 5B3jn 58*40 
farwa. •. 9MX5D- 961 JO 56800 569J0 
Source Py- ; 



S7)J0 57300 SB3J0 58*40 
96050 . 961 JO 56800 56900 


Page IS 

business people 

^General Electric Appoints 
A Corporate Ombudsman 


; Mh\ 

By Colin Chapman 

;■» Intrmanonal Herald Tribune 

l LONDON. 1 — General Electric 
. trtuch admitted in May that it 

;jJsd overdiaiged theU.S. Air Force 
ahd was fined $1.04 million and 
jjnkrcd to payback $800,000 that 
. -Was falsely tnUfid, has appointed its 
•. first corporate ombudsman. 

Named to tbe job of keeping an 
•• . eye on corporate activities and be- 
ing to lisien to anyone pre- 
I bared “to bkw the whistle" is John 
D~ Peterson, presently the managsr 
nf personal accounting operations. 
♦ Mr. Peterson said he expected to 
Ucnd most of . his time on mflitary- 
jtlated west “With 60,000 people 
involved in dc{ense-idawd busi- 
nesses, tens oL thousands of pro- 
posals and millions of time vouch- 
&, the scope is incredible,” he 

• Sataaoa Brothers is to expand 
its European operations by opes- 
' tng a new office in Zorich within 
-the next few months. The office will 

- ; jje headed by one of the firm’s 

: managing directors, George P. 
Hutchinson, who is now respona- 
.ble for the Tokyo office. His place 
-- as managing director, Tokyo, will 

- '. be taken by Eugene R. DaneL 

0 ■ Ferranti PLC has appointed Pat 
*“ Whnbnsh as managing director of 

Ferranti Industrial Electronics 
LtrU its Edinburgh-based subsid- 
iary responsible for nonmilftary 

business. He takes oyer from DAL 
MeCallum, who oontinues aschair- 
man. Mr. Wimbush was formerly 
manager of thecomoany's indusni- 

with continued responsibility for 
Sohio's chemicals and industrial 
products businesses and new dupes 
involving corporate staff functions. 
Tins fallows a decision by Sottio to 
eliminate about 450 corporate staff 
itions over the next lew months. 



al and communication systems de- 

Dunlop PLC has turned Lachlan 
Shacktettm-Fergns as general sales 
and marketing manager for Dun- 
lop Military Products. He was pre- 
viously the company's defense and 
military coordinator, and has 
served cm European Community 
working parties, mclnrKng the one 
on investment in defense indus- 

Empress National del Petroleo 
SA, -Spain's oO company, has ap- 
pointed Javier de la Pesa as vice 
president in charge of petrochemi- 
cal activities, with responsibility 
for coordination of associated com- 
panies. He was previously in Brus- 
sels as wee president of Phillips 
Petroleum Chemicals. 

Wesdand PLC the British heli- 
copter manufacturer, has named 
Hugh Stewart as acting group chief 
executive. Mr. Stewart has been 
with Westland since 1979. 

Standard 03 erf Ohio has named 
William P. Madar vice president. 

llhfif managemen t chang es in- 

chide the -appointment of webb M. 
Alspaugh as vice president for hu- 
man resources, Donald B, Anthony 
as vice president for research and 
development and Robert M. Mesd 
as' vice president for control 

Texaco Nigeria Tut has nanwt 
elected Kenneth T. Hen as manag- 
ing director, based in Lagos. Mr. 
Hum moves to West Africa from 
Saudi Arabia, where he was presi- 
dent and regional director of Tex- 
aco Saudia me. 

Quaker Oats Gou has appointed 
Jos4 Rodriquez as vice president 
and director foe Europe, moving 
him from bis previous position as 
vice president for Latin America. 

Rio Algom Ltd, the Toronto- 
based subsidiary of RSolmto-Zinc 
Corp., has restructured Atlas 
Steels, Canada’s main stainless and 
specialty steel producer, into two 
divisions. Allan V. On, Atlas 
Steels’s vice president ami general 
manager, has been -promoted to 
vice president, Rio Algom, relocat- 
ing to- Toronto. His deputy, 
Guenter Fecht, will became vice 
president and general manag er of 
of Atlas Stainless Sleds Division, 
based in Welland, Ontario. 

Some Technologies Don’t Mix f 

*-* ■ local t MmuJm unteaaot htT w iM 

(Continued from Page 11) quence of preparations to be pro- u 

machine busilv baktnems the fam- crammed, ana SO on. 

(Continued from Page 11) 
machine busily balancing the fam- 
-jiy budget, running the burglar 
~ alarms and making coffee was an 
■ - impractical, if not absurd, concept 
: Customers persuaded by hype to 
; ■ buy the machines for such purposes 
- fra- the most part put them in the 
'doset long ago along with the CB’s 
apd the 45-rpm record players. 

Yet more home computers are in 
toe today than even the most opti- 
: msric manufacturer of yore could 
have dreamed. These are, however, 

whai are known as dedicated com- 

pmam! me in the washing machine 
m control the cycles, another in the 
microwave oven to allow a se- 

quence of preparations to be pro- 
grammed, ano so on. 

In effect people opted to buy 
several pens, one for each job to be 

A similar fate is most likely in 
store for telecomputing. The tele- 
phone is certain to become far 
more computerized over the next 
decade, particularly now that the 
communications industry seems 
about to settle on standards tor an 
Integrated Services Digital Net- 

Furvkowo Electric 



The operations would permit si- 
multaneous transmission of mixed 
video, voice and computer signals 
over a angle telephone line. 

Per Share. 
T: trutfan. 


1*1 He* 
Profit, _ 






(a) 1410 

U.S, Liability Litigation Cases Cause Profits at Lloyd's to Drop 

(Continued from Page 11) 
polities oould not be found and the 
originating companies have since 
merged into others. 

That was good news for Denver- 
based Man wile, but it sent another 
shudder through the already red- 
ing property-casualty insurance in- 

Com interpretations have in the 
past led to onge liability awards 
and created uncertainty for insur- 
ers, Mr. Miller said. Insurers must 
be able to calculate the true nature 
of the risks they are underwriting, 
be explained, and that is complicat- 
ed by shifting interpretations of 
what constitutes liability. 

‘‘Lloyd’s will insure almost any- 
thing,” he said, 1 ‘provided we can 
know what is required of us." 

No one questions Lloyd’s ability 
to withstand current adversities 
within the insurance market.. 
Lloyd’s record is superb compared 
to that of the industry in general. 
And its security is rock soUd, with 
reserves estimated at $12 billioa on 
top of $5 MHon of prtanmm in- 

Far more uncharacteristic is the 
persistent whiff of fmomriai scan- 
dal that hac Tainted a hand ful Hx 
384 insurance syndicates in recent 
years — regarding 
of member funds. 

These events, whose very rarity 
provoked considerable pres atten- 
tion, triggered an investigation that 
produced a 1982 parliamentary re- 
form increasing the authority of 
Lloyd’s management to regulate 
the agents and brokers who do 
business in its bustling Underwrit- 
ing Room in the Gty of London, 
the finanrial district. 

The tt-flTvtaU have al so called 
into question Lloyd’s clubby tradi- 
tions in which a member’s word is 
considered sacred, & handshake 
and full disclosure as- 
sumed. Those traditions have 
shaped the Lloyd’s heritage of al- 
ways paying off on claims — 
whether dimng the Napoleonic 

Brazilian Auto Sales Drop 


RIO DE JANEIRO — Brazil’s 
automotive industry sales dropped 
8J percent to 302,600 in the first 
six mouths of this year. 

wars, in the wake of the 1906 San 
Francisco earthquake or after last 
year’s loss of a communications 
satellite and the shooting down of a 
Korean airliner over Soviet territo- 

“Very poor accounting between 

mg of agents and increased disclo- 
sure of their financial interests to 
avoid tbe conflicts of interest be- 
hind the string of scandals reaching 
bade to the late 1970s. 

“I can assure you that the record 
will be put straight publicly and 

Lloyd's member-investors and the nothing^ will be swept under the 
agents who represented them in in- carpet,” Mr. Davison told the 
snrance Healing* underlie the aUe- Americans, 
gations of fraud,” Ian Hay Davi- Nonetheless, the unthinkable 
sot, Lloyd’s chief executive, told an has since occurred: Several h un- 
American audience last year. “The died members of Lloyd's insurance 
r ~^ " w ' n "~ J J: managed by 

fact is," Mr. Davison acknowl- 
edged, "Lloyd’s ethical rules had 
got out of date.” 

Because “/our or five" of those 
who work at Lloyd’s had taken ad- 
vantage of the situation to “plun- 
der,” Mr. Davison said, Parliament 
and Lloyd’s officers have stiffened 
the exchange's ability to discipline 
its members, tightened the screen- 

syndicates managed" by Richard 
Beckett Underwriting Agencies re- 
fused to pay their shares of a $77.5 
million claim due May 31. Lloyd’s 
quickly extended the deadline to 
July 31. but it re mains uncertain 
whether that deadline will be mcL 

Under Lloyd’s rules, members of 
a syndicate are individually liable 
to cover losses to the full extent of 

their private fortunes. Lloyd’s itself 
— being an insurance market or 
society of underwriters and not a 
company — provides the facilities 
and staff for conducting business 
but accepts no liability for the risks 

The syndicates managed by 
Richard Beckett may have lost up 
U>S1615 million since 1979. Their 
members paid Lloyd's S48.S mil- 
lion last year, according to Business 
insurance, a trade magazine pub- 
lished in Chicago, much of which 
was offset by recovered fundi It is 
the balance of that sum that is due 
by July 31. 

Lloyd's has formed a special 
unit, Mr. Miller said, to take over 
the affairs of the troubled syndi- 
cates. But he pledged no leniency in 
enforcing Lloyd's policy of com- 
plete individual liability to pay 

losses, whether prompted by fraud 
or misfortune. 

The member “is responsible for 
his agent — if he is competent or 
incompetent or even a wrongdoer.'' 
he explained. 

Given that only several hundred 
of Lloyd’s 26.000 members are in- 
volved. he observed, “it's relatively 
a very small problem — though, 
clearly, it’s very acute for the mem- 
bers involved." They face personal 
losses of up to $250,000. 

Partly os a result of his reform 
efforts.' Mr. Miller was tapped in 
1984 to succeed Sir Peter Green on 
his retirement as Lloyd's chairman. 
Mr. Miller was named to a further 
one-year term this year. 

Lloyd's, he said, will continue to 
help its members discharge their 
responsibilities — “short of paying 
for their losses." 

hrimmohond N.V. 

NAV. os at 30-6-85 


Pierson, H ddr in g & Pierson N.V., 
Hwngrocht 214, Amsterdam. 

STOCK US* lfi$ 

DeVoe- Holbein 

International br 5% 654 


international nv 2%4 3V4 

Quotes as at July 4, 1965 

Investors seeking above average 
capital gains in global stock 
markets can simply write us a 
nore and the weekly 
will be sent free and without 

First Commerce Securities bv 
Herengracht 483 
1017 BT Amsterdam 
The Netherlands 
Telephone: (0)3 120 260901 
Telex: 14507 firco nl 


In his address to the recent Annud Stockholders’ Meeting, Jerome 
Seydoux, Chairman, noted some of the major trends in Erst half 
1985 corporate performance. 

The drop in jet fuel and bunker prices as well os m the dollar are 
impacting positively on the year's operations. On the other hand, 
the outlook is for another unprofitable year for shipping and 
cruise operations because of operating losses and exceptional 

In conclusion, he stated that afl the intfications point to satisfac- 
tory growth in Chargeur S-A’s consolidated results far 1985. 








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SOX PARTNER REQUIRED— A$1 2m investment 





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During drooping markets, CGR mused... To urge readers to buy COCA COLA 
$ 31, GENERAL ELECTRIC S 60, GENERAL MOTOR $ 39. SEARS $18, and a veritable 
host of undervalued equities may seem futile, for the declining DOW has triggered 
man's manic-depressive nature. Ignore prophets of despair, buy now..." 

The rest is history. COCA COLA bubbled to $ 72, G.E. crackled to $ 119, (before a 
2-1 split) G.M. raced past $ 84, SEARS soared to $ 62, and subsequently split Once 
again, the "contrarian" triumphed. When the "Group” was floundering, castigated as 
“losers," by analysts who know, to paraphrase Oscar Wilde, “the price of everything 
and the value of nothing” we remained optimistic, flouting prevailing opinion. 

After the faded “blue chips" regained their roseate color, the "Street" leaped on 
the Bandwagon, chasing upticks to the cadence of the "Crowd," as our clients 
debarked, clutching “Contrarian" profits. The buy on “the bad news brigade" is 
pereniatly under-manned; the majority of mortals mock common sense, buying into 
strength, selling into weakness. 

Our infatuation for stocks that are maligned by the media and the “Street" has 
been documented. Not that we are blind bulls; our researchers have compiled high 
marks for "shorting” bloated equities during the euphoria for absurdly-priced, 
“romance" issues. 

When the Street was rhapsodizing over APPLE at $ 56, COLECO around $ 50, 
COMMODORE at $ 56 and TANDY at $ 54, we heard discordant notes, and urged 
readers to“short“ the Quartet APPLE tarnished to $15, COLECO $10, COMMODORE 
capsized under $ 9, TANDY tremored below $ 25. 

ft is imperative to fathom that this is a market of stocks, not a stock market, each 
equity has its unique dynamics', or malaise. Our forthcoming report focuses upon 
seasoned shares that offer 50% or greater gains, with minimal risk. In addition, we 
highlight a low-priced, special situation, that can catapult emulating a recently 
recommended, "emerging equity” that escalated 800% in less than a year. 

For your complimentary copy, please write to, or contact: 



CMC. Capital Venture Consultants 
Amsterdam B.V. 


1012 PK Amsterdam, The Netherlands 
Phone: (020) 27 51 81 Telex: 18536 






Past performance does not guarantee future resubs 




" Surviving in a competitive environment ”, tall be die theme of die sixth International Herald Tribune I Oil 
Daily Conference on "Oil and Money in the Eighties ' " The program designed for all senior executives in 
onsnrrv nnA rpJ/iifid fields will address the hey issues affecting the current energy situation and assess future 

tor Dr. Subroto, Minister of Mines and Energy, Indonesia and President of 
he keynote address. He imU head 'a distinguished group of qjeakejs from 
Europe , the Middle East, Latin America and the Untied States. 



— Professor Dr. Subroto, Minister of Mmes and Energy, 


— Moderator: Herman Ffanssen, Chief fisonomisr, Intemafiond 
Energy Agency, Paris. 

— H.F. Keplinger, Chairman and Chef Executive Officer, 

The Kepiinger Companies, Hotcfon. 

— Afrio Prarq, Managing Director, Pefroleos de Venezuela 
(UK.) SA, London. ... 

— Douglas Wade, Senior Energy Analyst, Shei InfemcAonal 
Petroleum Compcmy Lid, London. 


— Nader H. Sultan, President, Kuwait Petroleum International 



— Alien E. Murray, President, Mobil Corporation, New York. 

— Arve Johnsen, President, Stated, Stavanger. 




— John R. Hall, Chairman and Chef Executive Officer, Ashfcnd 
Oil Incorporated, Ashland. Kentucky. 

— Bid Malmivirta, General Manager, Neste Of, Hebinla. 

— h&jiaJa MongeS, Assistant to the bteative Vice President, 
Ente Nazionole kirooarburi, Rome. 

— Soud O. Ounaflah, Manager, Supply Coorrfnation, Pfefronw 
Partiapafton, Dhahran. 


— The Honorable John S. Herrington, United Skies’ Energy 



— The fSght Honourable John Moore, MP., finarod Secretary 
lathe Treasury, United Kingdom. 




— Robert B. Weaver, Senior Vice President aid Globd 

Petroleum Executive, The Chase Mcnhcflcn Bank, NA, N.Y. 

— Paw Gignoux, Senior President, Shearson Lehman . 

■ Brothers Ltd, London. 

— Robert L Franklin, Founder and President, Lawrence Energy 
AssodcXes Incorporated, Boston. 

— fcn M. Hume, Assistant Director, Energy Department, The 
Wodd Bank, Washington, D.C 



— Robert F. GreenhS, Managing Director, Morgan Stanley & 

Co. Incorporated, New York. 



— Moderdan Nicholas G. VBute, 09 Consultant, London and 
The Hague. 

— Charles L Ddy, Mcnocpng Dredar, LM. Ftsdtei & Co. LJoL, London. 

— Rosemary MdFadden, President, New York Menoanlte 
Exchange, New York. ' 


To regsser, please complete and return 
the registration form toefay- ' 

equvnM in a aonvertble currency for each 
participant Bees are poychte in acwance and 
wi be relumed in M for cry caxektion 
tiot e pastinerked on or before October 9. 

Please return registration form to 
Interndiord Herdd Tribune, Conference 
Office, 181, Avenue Qtarie«te-Gaj8e f 
92S21 NeuBy Cede*, France. Or telephone: 
(331) 7471686 or fetex: 613395. 



ftayd Garden fttd, Kensington Street, LONDON ^ W84PT. Telephone: (441)937 8000. Telex: 

2631 51 . A Uodc of rooms has been reserved fix conference ptridprrts. Ftee cwtotf hotel dredly. 


F fouft fvnfl tf¥» following partidptrt far he d conference. LJ Check endcsea Uneaemace 










AmxmBcemtat by * Sootfa African organization 

SASOL - Making Oil and Money from Coal 


Managing Director— SASOL Lamed 

Mr.J. A. Stegmann, Managing Director of SASOL Limited, talks 
to David Carte, Editor of the “ Sunday Times Business Times.” 

S ASOL, in South Africa, is the 
only company in the world 
producing large volumes of 
petroleum products from coal. 
“Petroleum people in many countries 
drink SASOL is viable only because of 
subsidies and special protection,” says 
Managing Director, Joe Stegmann. 
“They say it is imposdble to produce fuel 
from coal economically. 

“But thanks to astute exploitation of 
accidents of history and geography, 
SASOL is not only economical bnt highly 

“We have received government loans in 
the past but every cent in capital and 
interest has been or will be repaid, and 
import protection amounting to less than 
15 percent was recently withdrawn.” 
Research and development dating back 
to the late 1940s, a gold boom, rich coal 
fields situated near the country’s main 
fuel markets, inflation and the decline of 
the South African currency axe some of 
the “accidents of history and geography” 
to which Mr. Stegmann refers. 
Ima gina tion, technical ingenuity, com- 
mercial courage and hard work were 
other ingredients in SASOL’s success. 
SASOL started as a Government enter- 
prise but its founders in the 1950s were 
entrepreneurial thinkers and die com- 
pany was privatised in 1979. 

Last year, as its newest plant was still 
gathering momentum, sales were 
$llOg- 0 riHion and taxed profit $200- 

SASOL shares were issued in the first 
listing at 200 South African cents; rite 
share issue was thirty times over- 
subscribed and on the fim day the share 
traded at 308c. Now it is approaching 

More than 26,000 shareholders in several 
countries have benefited from what is 
widely known as “The world’s cheapest 
oil stodc” because of its dividend yield of 
more than 5 per cent 
Initially SASOL Ltd., the quoted com- 
pany, owned only SASOL O NE a nd 50 
per c ent each of SASOLs TWO and 
THREE, which were stiff being built. 
Last year, after a rights issue, it acquired 

the outstanding half of SASOL TWO 
from the Stare. 

SASOL THREE is in fuff production 
and viable but the listed company will 
acquire the outstanding 50 per cent of 
this unit from the State only when mar- 
kets and cash flow permit. Meantime, 
SASOL has accelerated loan payments to 
the State. 

SASOLs TWO and THREE sprawl 
over hundreds of acres on the Eastern 
Transvaal coalfields and are among the 
biggest industrial plants of any kind in 
the world. Each of the two identical 
plants has its own power station. 
Together they cost $3-biUion. Because of 
the threat of oil embargoes against South 
Africa , production is a closely guarded 
secret but SASOL provides a si gnifican t 
proportion of South Africa’s petroleum 
needs. The country has large oil stock- 
piles which, together with synfiiel pro- 
duction, will see it through any crisis. 
SASOL mines 36-miffion tons of coal a 
year for its own purposes. Jointly, with 
Total, it also owns and operates Natref, 
the only inland refinery for imported 
crude ofl in South Africa. In addition, it 
produces a host of chemicals, industrial 
gas, fertilisers and explosives. 

It started “do w n s tream diversification” 
from the two big new plants only recently 
and is already a major force in a variety of 

In fuels, SASOL competes mainly 
against -oil-importing multinationals. 
Soon there could be more competition, 
for a gas and oil deposit has been disco- 
veredaffthe east coast of South Africa. In 
addition other South African companies 
are eager to start synfuel projects. 

Mr. Stegmann, who has been with 
SASOL virtually «’«»* its inception in 
the 1950s, describes the history: 

“South Africa has nearly every natural 
resource but was reminded forcibly in 
World War H that it lacked off. We had 
plentiful coal, however and l ong before 
the war scientists started dreaming about 
oil from coal. The Germans and the 
A m e ri can s had shown it could be done. 
“Dr. Etienne Rousseau, later to become 
the first Managing Director of SASOL, 
was asked by the independent mining 
house, Anglovaal, to investigate die via- 
bility of an indigenous synthetic fuel 

“There were two choices- the direct and 
indirect liquefaction routes. Because of 
the properties of our coal and the simpler 
technology. Dr. Rousseau preferred the 
latter, which entailed gasification, fol- 
lowed by synthesis over catalysts. 

“After Dr. Rousseau had surveyed all the 
work done in the field, Anglovaal found 
itself heavily committed in gold mining 
It felt it could not proceed because of the 
capital cost. 

“Meanwhile, the Korean War was a 
further reminder of this Connery’s vul- 
nerability, so the Government took over 

the project. SASOL - known initially as 
the South African Coal, Oil and Gas 
Corporation Ltd. - was registered in 
October 1950. 

“Construction of SASOL ONE was 
problematical. The plant was due to cost 
£18- million and eventually cost £40- 
nrillion. There were acute teething prob- 
lems. Operating losses in the early years 
mounted to £24- million and it took quite 
a lot of courage to continue. 

“Lurgi of Germany was our partner on 
the gasification side where there were no 
problems. The problems were in syn- 
■ thesis. After two years we broke with tbe 
American licensors in 1957. We went on 
to develop our own synthol process, the 
heart of indirect liquefaction. 

“So we had a viable oil-from-coal indus- 
try before South Africa became politi- 
cally unpopular in the early 1960s. At that 
time, we were asked whether it would be 
advisable to build another SASOL but 
we advised against it. 

“International oil prices were low but 
international inflation meant building 
costs would be prohibitive. We advised 
the government to stockpile oil instead. 
SASOL was later pur in charge of stock- 
piling which started in the mid 1960s. 
Relative to demand, we have the biggest 
stockpile in the world. 

“This shows that the emphasis in 
SASOL has been on commercial viability 
rather than on strategic need . 

“Then came the first oil crisis of 1973. 
This made a second SASOL economi- 
cally feasible. In 1974, SASOL TWO was 
mooted. We started building in Sep- 
tember 1976 and achieved mechanical 
completion in April 1981. 

“The decision to build an identical 
was taken in January 1979, shortly after 
the fell of the Shah of Iran. 

“On this occasion, we acted for strategic, 
rather than commercial reasons bat the 
project outlook was so sound economi- 
cally that SASOL was privatised in 
October that year. We produced our first 
gas at SASOL THREE in 1983 . Had Iran 
not cut off our oil supplies, we would not 
have started on SASOL THREE until 
the mid-1980s.” 

As it turned out, SASOL saved two years 
and 5500-million in capital costs in going 
ahead. Then it also avoided numerous 
pitfalls by duplicating SASOL TWO. 
Both plants were made even more viable 
by the second oil crisis of 1979. 

The prices SASOL receives for its pet- 
roleum products are determined by 
do llar-dctermined international off 
prices. A 40% decline in the value of the 
South African Rand against the d ollar has 
ensured good profitability’ in spite of 
disarray in international oil markets. 

Page 14 



1 Hisser 



10 Sluggish 

12 Coleridge’s 
anti hero 

14 Contributing 

15 Shifts 

17 Sneak off to a 

18 Winged 

19 Stadium salute 

20 Mariachis, for 

22 Aloof 

23 Holiness 

24 Ready, in 

26 Chases chicks 

27 To every 
known extent 

28 Midway come- 

30 Having ridged 
edges, as a 

31 Declinerof 
1964'a Nobel 
Prize in 

32 del Rio, 

Sevilla suburb 

33 Submits 

34 Directing 

37 Item at a 
motor vehicle 

38 Work of 24 

40 Chemical 

41 Inn order 

42 District in 

43 Mars 

45 Frosts 

46 Less agitated 

47 Piggeries 

48 Cotton flannels 

49 Affirmation 


1 Lizards 

2 Mexican 

3 Inclination 

4 Western and 
cheese dishes 

5 President 
$25,000 a year, 

6 Cribs 

7 Book eaters 

, 8 Bambi'saum 

’ 9 Bring back 

10 Nones 

© New York Tunes, edited by Eugene Maieska. 


* Worms DotfT have a very 6ood job .tjo they ?' 


(JnscrambtothasQ taw JumWes. 

one letter lo each square, to form 

lour ordinary words. 

by Hand Amok) and Bob Lee 

Now arrange the circled letters to 
form Uie surprise answer, as sug- 
gested by the above cartoon. 

(Answers tomorrow! 

Yesterday's I Jwntjte3: OOGMA POACH FELLOW BANTER 
I Answer. What a yawn often Is— 



Ataorve 25 ■ 

Amsterdam 25 ' 

a mans 25 

Barcelona 24 

Belgrade 23 

Berlin 23 

Brussels 25 : 

Bucharest 21 

Budapest 23 ' 

Copenhagen 20 i 

Costa Del Set 35 I 

Dublin 21 ' 

Edinburgh 30 < 

Florence » I 

Frankfurt 35 1 

Geneva 2S ' 

Helsinki 23 ' 

Istanbul 20 < 

Las Palmas K 

Liibon a : 

London 3b i 

Madrid 26 I 

Milan 23 i 

Moscow 15 j 

Munich 21 i 

Nice 25 ; 

Oslo 2t : 

Para 27 ( 

Prague 32 ! 

Reyklavlk 13 ! 

Rama » I 

Stockholm 20 I 

Streetward 26 i 

Venice U 1 

Vienna 23 7 

Warsa w 17 t 

Zorich 33 1 

Ankara 15 5 

Beirut — - 

Damascus 33 4 

Jerusalem 35 7 

Tel Aviv 28 8 


C F C F 

25 77 17 43 tr Bangkok 

25 77 14 57 tr Belling 

25 77 33 73 ci Hang Kong 

24 70 18 44 tr Manila 

23 72 12 54 cl New Delhi 

33 72 13 55 o Seoul 34 79 

IS 77 13 SS fr Shanghai 25 77 

21 70 13 SS cl Singapore 30 84 

23 72 11 52 cl Taipei 30 86 

20 65 12 54 a Tokyo 74 75 

28 82 21 70 tr . c _,_. 

21 70 IS 59 lr AFRICA 

30 46 13 55 Cl -Lefe— „ u . 

39 84 20 48 O £ 2 *^ - - - 

» £ \l « *5 SJ?T*wn J4 61 

S m jI Si Casablanca 33 73 I 

“‘•’JUS La *at 28 82 : 

2 2 ?? If ^ Nelrgbl . . 

S " U 57 fr Tu " 1 * 32 W ’ 

» 2 !? » ,r LATIN AMERICA 

C P 

11 B 15 n a 

28 S3 21 70 si 

30 86 27 B1 ci 

2* 84 25 77 r 

40 104 31 SB cl 

3* 7* 21 70 0 

35 77 33 75 r 

30 84 24 7V St 

30 84 27 ■! r 

74 75 20 48 0 

2* 84 IB 44 fr 

— — — — no 

16 01 9 4* r 

23 73 1« 46 lr 

lfl M 10 SO lr 

38 83 73 73 O 

— — — — no 

33 40 23 71 fr 

23 73 IB 44 

15 59 11 53 a Buenns Aires — — - ~ na 

23 n 8 46 fr Caracas 27 81 20 « r 

25 77 21 70 r Lima 20 68 14 57 O 

21 70 15 59 r Mexico City IS 77 12 54 k 

27 81 19 66 d 8to de Janeiro 25 77 20 68 to 

?2 54 I 46 a WORTH AMERICA 

M M I? « « « 64 10 50 PC 

5 52 If 2 JJ *"“■» 2? 64 19 66 si 

k « 5 ? BoflM 26 62 17 63 tr 

« « o 2 ChlCMO 31 68 16 44 PC 

S I? H 5 ' Denver 31 91 14 57 fr 

g C J Detroit 28 B3 14 57 fr 

a a 13 55 0 Hone lulu 30 84 23 73 3 h 

VST Houston 30 84 20 61 St 

— .. „ Los Angeles 35 95 22 72 « 

15 S9 13 55 Si Miami 30 84 34 75 51 

- - 21 70 lr Minneapolis 29 84 17 63 pc 

33 9) 16 61 tr moamoI 3a 7V IB M Cl 

35 77 14 57 lr Nassau 31 88 25 77 d 

28 82 30 48 lr New York -29 64 19 6* lr 

San Francises 25 77 13 55 fr 

Mottle 27 81 13 55 fr 

16 61 10 50 Ul Toronto 25 77 16 61 K 

» 68 8 46 o Washington 31 88 21 70 lr 

an 8 46 fr Caracas 

25 77 21 70 r Lima 

21 70 15 59 r Mexico I 



» “ ]5 » «» Atlanta 

26 79 14 57 cl Boston 

24 75 30 68 Cf cia,*, 

23 73 II 53 cl 

'7 « » « ci S5S 

a 73 13 55 O Honolulu 

AST Houston 

— .. Los Angeles 

>5 59 13 M si Mloml 

- - 21 70 fr Minneapolis 

33 9) 16 61 lr Montreal 

IS 77 14 57 lr Nassau 

M 82 30 48 lr Hew York 


16 tl It SO sh Toronto 

» 68 8 46 o WDthlni 

ci -cloudy; lo-loosv: tr-loir. h-hali. na-noi available; o-pvereasi: 
p< -partly cloudy; r-roin; sh-s howers; yrsi iw; st-stormv. 

Temp. 36—13 179 — 55). LONDON: Overcast. Temp. 31 — 13 170 — 551. 
MADRID: Fair. Temp. 28 -U (83 - 551. NEW YORK: Pari lv cloudy. Temp. 
M— M (87 — 681. PARIS: Stormy. Temp, n— 15 (77 — 591. ROME: Stormy. 
Temp. 26- 17 170 — 631. TEL AVIV; Not ovoilgBle. ZURICH: Folr. Temp. 
25— 12 177 — 54). BANGKOK: Thunderstorms. Temp a— a (M- 731. HONG 
KONG; Shaken Temo. 30 — 26 166-79). MANILA: Fair. 7omp29-a5 
184- 771. SEOUL: Showers. Temp. 27 -31 (81 - 70). SINGAPORE: 
Thunderstorms. Temp. 31 — 2a (88 — 791. TOKYO: Snowers. Temo. 26— a 
179 - 72). 


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13 Underwent 

15 Walkie-talkies 

16 More 

21 Gruel from 

24 Rag-and-brush 

25 Einstein’s 
famous theory 

27 Horse fathers 

28 Group 
victimized by 
Romans: 290 

29 Antedated 

36 Meddle with 


31 system 

32 Casks are their 

34 Sci. of speech 

35 Rooilessness 

36 Indian cattails 

38 Classic 
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39 Lip 

41 Kadiddle- 

44 Tom Watson is 


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r 1 NO WONPER *> 

History and Meaning of the Week 

By Eriaar ZerubaveL 206 pages. $16.95. 
The Free Press, 866 Third Avenue. New 
York, N. Y. 10022. 

Reviewed by John Gross 

D AYS, months and years were given to us 
by nature, but we invented the week for 
ourselves. There is nothing inevitable about a 
seven-day cycle, or about any other kind of 
week; it represents an arbitrary rhythm unre- 
lated to anything in the natural order. But 
where the week exists — and there have been 
many cal lures where it did not —it is so deeply 
embedded in our experience that we hardly 
ever question its rightness, or think of ii as an 
artificial convention; for most of us it a matter 
ot “second nature." 

This is Eviatar ZernbavcTs starting point in 

nated and how it stamps our lives. In uie 
course of ‘The Seven Day Circle" Zaubzvd, a 
professor of sociology at the State University 
of New York at Stony Brook, unearths a good 
deal of curious incidental detail, but his chief 
concern is with the ways in which a cultural 
concept enters our consciousness to the point 
that it feds like a natural phenomenon. The 
fact that no one has taken a comprehensive 
look at bis subject mdl now testifies to bow 
much it is like part of the air we breathe. 

The ori gins of the week as we know it are 
twofold. It represents a convergence between 
traditional Jewish cosmology, with its belief in 
the seven days of the Creation, and ancient 
astrology, which was based on what were then 
thought to be the seven planets. The seven-day 
cycles throws up by these systems evolved 
quite independently of each other, although 
behind both there may ultimately lie a belief in 
the mystical properties of the number seven 
that can be found in the civilizations of Assyria 
and Babylonia. 

The Jewish week turns on the importance of 
the Sabbath. (It has no thing to do with the 
lunar eyrie; indeed, Zerubavri points out that 
“the rise of the Sabbath cult within Judaism 
coincided with the withdrawal from worship- 
ing the celestial bodies, and particularly the 
moon.") initially, Christians continued this 
tradition, celebrating Sunday — the Lord’s 
Day. the day of the Resurrection —in addition 
to the Sabbath rather than as a substitute for it; 
when Sunday observance eventually replaced 
Sabbath observance (a movement pioneered 

Solution to Previous Puzzle 

anna ana naan 
ennan oeh naaa 
□EOE0Q osa anna 
senna aaGBaa 
pee ananas ntna 
oaaaa inasaaa 
□EHnnan saaaaaQ 
GEQosa □□nan 

BED □□□□□□ □□□ 

□□□aan □□□Da 


□eqd □□□ Banana 
□bee ana Haaoa 
redd ana naan 

by Saint Ignatius toward the end of the firg. A U 
century) it was in order to distance Christianity 
from Judaism by means of what Zerubavri 
calls “calendrical contrast .' 1 The same princi- 
ple can be sera at wwk in Mohammed's choice 
of Friday as the chief day of public worship in , 

As the Christian week was diffused through ; V ' 1 
the Roman Empire, it came up against ns 
astrological counterpart, a Hellenistic inve* . . 

bon that had evolved in Alexandria and been - 
imported into the West after Julius Caesar’s 1 .! 
conquest of Egypt. By this time, the astrologi- 
cal week, with cadi day assigned u> a different • 
planet, was too entrenched to be eliminated at < 
a stroke. Just how stubbornly it held its own is 
evident when you consider aB the European 
languages where the names of days are denved 
from the Roman planetary deities or their ' 
Nordic opposite numbers. , .. 

Fora tune, as the Romans gradually adjust- .. 
ed to it, the seven-day week overlapped wift aa. 
eight-day week they had inherited from the - ■ 
Etruscan’s, a cyde built around a fixed market ^ 
day. Zerubavd draws a parallel with cornea. \ 
porary West .Africa, where the seven-day week ■ 
frequently coexists with indigenous market cy- \C . " 
des, and more generally be stresses how oftoi , 
the evolution of the week seems to have ccao- 
dded with the emergence of a market econo- . 
my. But there are other types of weekly eyrie ^ 
well, usually based on a system of dninatios. s 0 * 
Zerubavel describes a number of them, indud- ti 
ing a fantastically elaborate method of reckon- r* 
ing that evolved on the island of Java arouad ^ 
the ninth century and grad ually^>read Wotber 

parts of Indonnia: each day has nine names, ^ 

because it can be thought of in nine different 
contexts. Ijplbi 

In his final chapters. Zerubavel returns to 
our relatively plain seven-day week and eon- j 
siders wtut ic hascotnetomeanm MroKofour 
experience and our habitual assumptions. Here - r J. '. 
as elsewhere be draw^ on a richly varied range v 
of evidence. Discussing Monday, for example, ; 
he weighs the folklore of absenteeism against { ... 
statistics about the greater prevalence of std- ' V< 
cades and cardiac deaths at the start of the r-' T 
working wedo he ldls us that in Francenooriy ' ", r 

made cars are often referred to as “Monday u - - 

products"; he is equally at his ease quoting- 
Charlotte Bronte and Garfield the cat 
once defined Monday as “a day designed to 
add depression to an otherwise happy week”). - 

Are we lflcdy to see any gnat change in the 
way we divide our days? Zerubavd gives an 
interesting account of two attempts to reshape 
the calendar drastically, one during the French. 

Revolution and orre under Statin. Both failed; 
chieflv because they were aggresswdy ideolog- 
ical in inspiration and a pomt-blank challenge 
to traditional beliefs. 

This is a field where people tend to be! 
strongly conservative; even the mildest propos- 
als for rationalizing the calendar have almost „ 
always foundered in the face of deep social ’ 
resistan ce. Bui piecemeal shtfis of emphasis 
are another matter, especially when they reflect 
new economic realities, and Zerubavd sees no 
reason why in time we should not eet used to 
murmuring “ Thank God it’s Thursday." 

“The Seven Day Circle" is a fine blend oCjjj 

sociology. My only complaint against it is that 
it is too short. 

John Gross is on the stiff of The Kps 7orik 

By Alan Truscott 

O N the diagramed deal. 

North-South were play- 
ing a space-age system: 
South’s opening pass promised 
an opening lad. but might have 
been much stronger. West 
chose not to open, and North 
violated his partnership agree- 
ment by passing. This dearly 
showed that he was very weak, 
but East frightened hims rif 
into passing. He assumed, 
wrongly, that South held a very 
powerful hand 

East was unlucky in the 
sense that South held a mini- 
mum for his strong pass and 
West a maximum forms weak 


pass. Nevertheless East-West 
had missed an easy no-trump 
game. But they actually gained 
on the deal far the East-West 
for the opposing team did even 

Playing a more normal bid- 
ding style. South opened one 
heart and West doubled. East 
should have bid three no- 
trump, but he ventured a pen- 
alty pass. This would nave 
beat indicated if he had held 
longer hearts with intermedi- 
ate solidity. 

The pass should have in- 
duced West to lead a trump, 
beating the contract by one 
trick. But he compounded his 
partner’s bidding error by 

leading a diamond, and Swab 
had a quick ruff for Us seventh 
trick and a score cf lfl). 

*87 42 - 

. 9 K61 

* JC7 6 V 

WEST . - EAST (D1 

58S?..r tin.. 

OJ 98 nlMI “ 4 A 4 JU 154 . 
*8 4 • f-tO 

SOUTH . . ■ 

* A K J Mi 
O — 

*73 - 

* A Q 0 5 3 2 

Brata site were vutoetaJMe- TM 

East Sana wear " N«** 


4 0 4 * 5 0 5 * . 

Pus Pass Pass . 

West led the heart flra. 

Wm*W Stock Markets 

Via Agence France-Presse July 4 

doting prices in local currencies unless othendse indicated. 



Sto Chartered 

Sun AHIwiCB 

Tale and Lvle 
Them EMI 
T.i. Group 
Trafalgar Hae 

Unilever c 

701 761 

110 112 

499 419 

443 455 

445 463 

20 245 

344 229 

252 252 

335 333 

130 130 

.203 201 

11 11/321111/32 

5 S 0 540 

73&m WI tn 
11180 1)2 
1 » 189 

308 JO 299 

304^0 308 

315 314 

245 2 S 3 


H4 no 

542 544 

21 ? 202 
177 I7JL5C 



Kali + SoU 

Karst adt 


Ktoeckner H-D 

Klpecfater VMr\* 

Krupp Slahl 




MuencJi Rueck 












we) la 

CommerUMak index : 147SJ0 
PreTieui : 144246 

Hlvwd Steel 
Pres Sleyn 
SA Bnttn 
St Helena 

West Holding 

com poilte stock 
Previous : NA 

J3BJ 3590 

480 47B 

7900 7725 
1500 1445 
4850 4800 
1590 lyto 
795 775 

3325 3350 
443 640 

5700 5700 

Index: 1117A0 

Untied Biscuits 175 175 

Vickers 295 2ss 

Wool worth 391 994 

F.T.W index : fsiJO 
RraWeuf .-PttJt 
PX9-B.109 lades : 1149.10 
Previous : 1239JB 

Cold Storage 

Fraser Neove 

How Par 


Mai Baikino 




5 (me Oar&v 
S’Pora Land 
Spare Press 
S Steamship 
St Trading 
United Dversei 

Banco Comm 
Cred Hal 
Farm Haifa 







l tal mow I far I 






Ri n os ce n le 






22000 21430 
3500 3490 
70900 10950 
2291 2249 
10600 10340 
13150 T318S 
3SZ1 3790 

8200 8140 
44000 42900 
1494 1455 
95000 92500 
1950 1949 
6150 *190 
24 W 2498 
77400 74900 
691 897 

2445 2436 
148* 1382 
3270 3220 
14H0 171(10 
3300 32 85 

ANPXBS Gent Index : »9J9 
Previous : 318.18 

B nw w b 



intar com 
Soc Generals 
Sol VO V 

Traction Elec 

Vlellle Montague 

Current Stack lanes : 284919 
Pro tool : 23&91 


Allianz vers 

Boy Hypo Bank 
Bov Verelnsbonh 



Com Gumml 

Oeuische Babcock 
Deutsche Bank 
Dresdncr Bonk 


139 139 JO 
1512 1515 

374 373 

332.70 226J0 
236 23440 
346 351 

436 399 

239.50 237 JO 

355 347 

45W0 445 

223.50 221 

16416 1*4 


364 382 

140 158 

595 5*8 

2*7 JO 26280 
172 171S0 
37» JM 

BA EOStAsta 
Cheung Kens 
Chino Light 
Green Island 
Hong Seng Bonk 

HK Electric 
HIC Realty A 
HK Hotels 
KK Land 
HK Shong Bank 
HK TelepheM 
HK Yavmatet 
HK Whorl 
Hutch whomoM 
J prafae 
Jordlne Sec 
Kavrioon Motor 
Miramar Hotel 
now world 

Olent Overseas 
SHK Props 

Tal Cheung 
WQTi Kwong 
who* lock A 

world mri 

AC I 259 

ANZ 4S3 • 

BHP L38 . 

eoral 196 : 

Bougainville 1J8 

Castlemawe ■ 4^3 i 

coles ; 

Come ico 1.61 

CRA 5,94 ! 

CSR -291 : 

Dunlop Z32 ! 

ewsrsui 2 sk : 

ICI Australia. IJW 

Magellan 222 ! 

MIM 2S2 : 

My er 257 ; 

Nat Aust Bank 4£0 . • 

News Carp 671 i 

N Broken Hill 226 : 

Ptaenjon 135 I 

GtdCnlTnn) 1 M ’ 

Santas SJ2 j 

Thomas Mai fan 108 t 

Western Mining 3j» : 

Weslocc Banking <20 * 

waodsMe 145 1 

All. Drdlaarie* lade* :BTOa 
Previous : 689 JO 

Akoi 406 415 

AEOtKCniim 699 900 

AWiI Gloss 863 so 

Bonk of Tokyo ■ 815 BU 

Bridgestone 571 579 

Canon 1160 1170 

Casio . , 1650 1670 

•C.ltsh 447 439 

Dai Mlpdon-Prlnt 1150 USD 

Ascdil Gloss 

To Our Readers 

Ccrtaifl statistical data is 
missing from this edition be- 
cause of technical problems. 
We regref the iaconvenknceto 

5> •. - 

kfri in as 

- " * 

;' r j; V ' ' \ * 

, JULY 5, 1985 


.f£ •• 


iiagS., ^T*Q^ .Ko mbe fser - ^ ; . ; sfcni man ottewise briSanf career, a statable, plot tfoe e 

' \ - v 1 .'. QOthmg more thah thf ffaw nf Mwwy «tdwng raaNfr 

WBfflLEDCa^ England — Havingbeea »q? with McEnroe as it does twewnally to-evexy- down 'd* 
fgfeta^.-trar^ one.Ki^Cui^ McEnroe i 

^ : gpBon. Jcdm McEnroe sat fimpT y inm w «pbryer,bui under tberigfrtcofflljtkifls 1 m serve dfistindfe 
[Mt atead, seeing Iris whale world in front ® as^ood a trick asaphiYsr can have. fit 1983, -soon.. ■ • 

eat: The King Dethroned Seems to Hove Lost More Than a Kingdom 


he served annfl|w TWm^ari i ftm pi ryf ^ fimny ' 
.Connors, right offCourt 2 atJWmSkdan, deal- 
ing ont'33 aces. His toss is low to begin wm^pbd 

tot d*arapfiaf McEnroe’s career, that this more rime? And if he can, does he really want 
witch. wm prove (obelus first big stm bade to?In 1982, alter McEnroe had displaced him as 
own 'd* ladder of mortality.And ;the way N& 1, Bjorn Borg walked away from tennis 
fcEuroe spoke after il was over, there was ti* rather than keep stoking a dying fire. Hcrwloug 
istind fedmg it had not come a moment loo .; criri ; a person keep belong? 
jo a. '■■ - *Ifdt a little old out there,” McEnroe said. 

If he was tistiess and dispirited on Centre ■ ‘Tm not saying 26 is old, bwlSw played a lot of 

mote tone? And if he can, does be realty want beating you regularly and know you're not to - “1 fed upright the whole lime Tm here. It 
tofln 1982, after McEnroe had displaced him as .going toot any better." bothers me to go through this every year,’' 

No- 1, Bjorn Borg walked away horn tennis * Was it Bora he was u>1Vfng about? McEnroe admitted. *T can con* here and tell 

rather than keep stoking a dying fire. How long Or was it the fate he knew would eventually, myself that it didn't, or idl you that it doesn't, 
can, a person keep boflmg? maybe even soon befall him? But it wears on you after a while Tve turned out 

*I fdt a little old out there,” McEnroe said. The worst tiring an athlete can have is doubt, to be an easy target here.” He forced a anile. 
'“Tm not saying 26 is (rid, buiIVe played a lot of McEnroe is swimming in it Tm not that interesting to be constantly bar- 

. „ “HI be back," he promised weakly. “I just rased the way I am." 

“‘r ; — don’t know exactly when.” After a while the words came out sounding 

. - In 1984, McEnroe had his greatest year, win- like a plaintive stream Of consciousness. “No 

Hi . « . the Way I played- rung 82 of 85 matches and both Wimbledon and one wntes about Lendl’s private life. No one 

J the U.&. Open. In 1985, be has already lost five writes about Connors' private lift I shouldn’t 

rimes. - have to not bring Tanun over here. I don't fed 

i . — John McEnroe “l don’t know that if s my game as much as like I’ve received the respect that 1 should. Fve 

the R.'*. v* , 

edai. '-wi^^^ Ws0nKtal 
lhrC r>- Bwasstandmj 
k ^ feh 

I**... nrawifon 

is. serymg, .Meot 
break he cati&m 
ireak an ankle.?, jl 
it was over so quid 

the ^ ^Ijust fed McEnroe was in dedine, saying ■ equafiaW 1 he needed. ‘ 

"*:*«*^**J^^ the best ever ~-alniifS& SaAjSL- 

• other r-.aev . j 3^ -y. -- ■ Artbur Ashe keeps tatftitgbifs looking jar the A ha 

«d - j ftunghtpatbe that tins stunnmg and so very next McEnroe. He , Ubcldokmgforalo^grime.* , ^ frustraffi® Jedmi" 1 

ilV'. j ***“: pasting was only a temporary embarrass- . Bat a might well be that wheapeopk: cpzneV -aboiri Cmfy* si 

^ him. Curren lair 
ust / cci McEnroe was in c 

r said, rlmnot weDJaiheppf.;^^ ytifaa^e' an the interview. Be talked t 
■ i : -' t ^ by Cuncn, awi re- i 

in wdiich hebroed called feeling smi ariy hdriess a few yeara ago. i: 

themterv^itXOTto^isePlayeiS^^jhittingt&bahhajto a 

hed at ite .stwe^^.'Aat^ so' 1* changed iaqmts;.: ft 'proved to be the 
oc3me. ;syifig McEnr^ ^fm/- eqlMd^!e^ , he needed. “It seears to be Mppemng 

John McEnroe 

. audit catches up to you. I think I have 
up.” tg»ntn E forward, he tossed the 

“1 don’t know that ifs my game as much as lie I’ve received the respect that 1 should. Fve 
mv mentality that’s not good right now," he been the No. 1 player the last four years. What 
said. have 1 done to deserve this? What navel done- 

He looked quite tired. this year? I haven’t gone out of my apartment. I 

These have not been good times lately. First haven't brought Tatum. What have I done this 
■the flap over him and Connors refusing to sign 5*®* l® deserve this?” 

(he pledge of good conduct required to play The simple answer is nothing. 

Davis Cup. Then the British press; itandMcEn- The more complex answer has to do with a 

f> c’jy* - knC5®i — . 


* th \ Tennis ■: ; - 

Wimbledon ResiiItB Ton 

ever ~ with Ro^Iiiyfe^ • 

keeps saying h^s baking lot the * bmda^ii* mdi abaost sftfmg.' “Ifs & very 
j. HeTLbc lowtag far a longtime.” ■ tustrabfig Jedmg. Tm gonna nave' to ihimc M 
i wdl be ihat wt^apeof^econieV 'about Caz^* singly tfial q? the boost one N< 

W hat did that mean? 

■Was he burning out? Borg^ng? 
W ean undmiaod Bjorn wal 

roe are tbngrtime antagonists; one baits, the scale that seeks to balance fairness on one side 
other swallows and spits back. Mostly, British against the cumulative weight of a person's 
reporters asks him about his rdationship with public behavior on the other. Sometimes the 

* off w if it was an old sodc Tve found -the flap over him and Connors refusing to agn 
ling a little ovenvhdmmg to be No. 1 (he pledge of good conduct required to play 

Davis Cup. Then the British press; it and McEn- 

leth -aju-wS*^ 


a a.'tr.f : v . 7*5; ; " • vmwnrs smeuas 
Whac-f” 1 -.1 , , IwfllMi 

MsWw Nffvrotftova, hoWer (co-U. (^S. 
it. 1 nshhwS* <M, a» corruww ( n,u&,um c7-a>. 

Tourde France 

^^i H^^5a*^Ca.Ci«j»*lovakia,drtBa^ 4. man^MUpM Van dm BraHfa, B^ghm, 
L "3 frj-J’ bora PMt«r and Sharon WnWvPvte (5), U£_ SJ. ' 

H.M . & Leo wan Vital. Holland. &.T. 

. Mono Mamiratova. CwchcMlovofcJa, nd l, Jozef Uedcmv BekAnv &' 

case ». windy Tuntaua to., Autrana.def. Svetlana 

’i* ^ aufrnava ewfd Lftrhia&w«hanlm SnuiM 

vxtii Wl ^ ^ «. 1-rai 

’CUiSi zz Mo~du Bead Uovd (CO-1), ILS. dot Kathy minutes, and 34 seconds (30 socand baaw) 

■Wioaw.txtt 2. lament Udtad 3.T. QOMC- 

,C" \: 1 ■ J ^tataO» ■ aOMWOOllWJS and bonus) . • • 

. • aweleri biuu iBminy^Br«wiitBrtBtuin.S.T.Ctt*«> 

i^v iicji-, ,! ClosxSa KohdMOUtli, WeS Germany, and and bonus) 

^ Cr,i H«tana5a*^(2tCiectwfavukXa,drt 801^ 
ik u:..s “ v Uu: lt Fry^.'- bora Patter cmiShcuimwatah^fte (5). u^. sj. 

«ters rrfcTTii ^ «■ «- «.- ••■-. s. Leo • 

rt c- „ ■ “ifc Mono- MandHtawa. CcedwsImaMa, rad i. JanH Ltochens BebAmtaT... 

... ?' j i OSp. Windy Tundwa H), Australia, itaf. Svetlana 7. Erie ucKaeta turn Zoatana. S.T. 

Ite it-. .1^ cbttmvd ceid Larina Savchmleo (6), Soviet o. Frederic Vktwt France. S.T. 

4fflS(L!S J ..“?>* UWen.W. M. 9. Mtctiai Derates. Betahm AT. . 

r .... llV “ -<«& Katby Jordan, u&^and Elizabeth 5myHe . Ml Ludwis Wltnonts. Belgium, S.T. 

^ (3). Amelia det Vtralna RuzW. Romania . 11. Ad wrtaands. HoUml, S.r. 

t til vrr ^r-, — t,. r L_ »d Andrea Temworl (M),Hunnaiv,4-i74. 13. Alan Petner. Australia i.T.' 

iMi- !*>'. ' ' Ja Barnard Ntnault Franca 3LT. 

“*■ «nsba»dftj • »ttirSDOU«LW - - U. Rutv Rsataa. ariohua &.T. 

'XJftS V. tw«. jnessx-nVl * Q ur f nmdi 1£ milbve Liourtrira, Fraoodr at. ■ 

iwlirj’v • — 1.^, ■ ? Peter MeWunraond Foot MeWeettaaAia- 14. Adri Von dar PuM, HoHond. s-T. 

< . „ , •‘■.‘—-si!; (raBadMLBddtaEitvnrdt,Soutti Africa, and 17. PM 4tamermn, Australia &.T, 

a l *W ur,Jcf yjjjg Caartas srada. ItSw M, M. ML .18. SfeMtan Ractia Ireland. 8-T- 

; U*-. *::: ' Petar Ftamtaaand John McEnraa holders 19. Hobart Unord, France, SX 

ltc j-. * . . 'T.\. I , ‘ C fit, Ui- <*er. Tkn OolllkMon and Tom CuflDc XL Guido Bontmopi, ttaty. S.T. 
rr, Ha.UJL M. M. 7-A. •• ■ • 


(Reebcdste Kahns) 

CUf KKtaxfertsmj MTtall 
1. Fneida CoeArina Franca, She boon, 29 

as iK oumwjcm. raring. reporters asks him about his relationship with public behavior cm the other. Sometimes the 

can tmdmiaad ffiom walking away,” Tatum O'Neal. Mostly be calls them imprint- best you can for is that it turns (mt even in 
uroe said. “To be No. 1 and that not be able names. Theirs is a childish, spiteful ugly the end. And in this case it seems to be seeking 
1 is very difficult, to see someone start game. its own level 

■ Navratilova, Evert Win 
Wimbledon Semifinals 

By Andrew Warshaw cause those two players spent roost tage really, because it’s clear she is 
The Associated Press - of the time slugging out relentless not going through everybody.” 

WIMBLEDON England — raffies 1101X1 the baseline. Evert, winner of the Australian 

Martina Navratilova and Chris Rinaldi started wdl, matching and French championships, has 
Evert Lloyd, the co-top seeds, Evert for accuracy, and the first lost only 16 games m six matches 
readied the women’s singles final three games went to deuce. But two on her way to Saturday’s final 
in the Wimbledon temrischampi- service breaks gave Even (he open- “But the mss favras Martina's 
onships Thursday, but in contrast- ing set in 44 minutes and Rinaldi game and rH have to match her 
ing fashion. ’ did not have the imagination or eagerness," she said. 

Navratilova, the defending vBtssdhiy to gw back into the For the second straight time, 
champion seeking her sixth Wim- match. Navratilova needed all her experi- 

• i V* - a. w _ v • n* ij: .1 iji. le.L 1 j «. .u — - — * 

*i i r-LT's i r'> -mm ' ■ t • 3 

iiatvs Money Leaders 

-JiCT.di- ta»» Ttta W AWctaWOM Of Tnaali Prataxsloo- 

f fiif r. “■ ■ ■ : W Bta' HMNWV taolan Umtoob 

. 1 John MdEnraa 

- — j gj 7. ivan LuncV 

- , — i c; than Una 

liter. Apr-Iili X Mah WHomtar 

... 4. Tomas smu 

■Kiri i i t* * T-v-'r.- 7. Anton Jnry* 
IS . B. MUotoov Ataclr 

U4- H ; : -< Jaawn Nvttraai 

ittitUMl •-* Staton E<t»ra 

tta 7 » M Wta mn T— n A MuJu i ta n 
or Mn mnm* Jam M: 

I. Martina NawinHkwu W 

l Chri* Evan Lloyd Si 

X Ham Monamcawa . S2| 

4 Hatom Sateva SZ 

rj l*i '• 1 Pam Sbrivn- flt 

«. CtawcBa ritoda ntadi si; 

7. Zftia Garrison Sts 

X Katby Jordan S11 

f. CarllnB Banstt IK 

«t Mcmtoer toataava • ■ SK 

womeits tour om France 
(A t Rafnw. Ran) 

FMrth stme— UXUtoflMtar (rU mltet) 
InAvidoal Tima Trial toon Sarcy: - 

X Atorhr COfitnA ltafiv2t aitoutax.^lwcandk. 
X Jaannto Longa Franco, Sams Tfbna 
X Valeria Sbaanbot. Franco, at 34 sacsaifi 
boMnct taador 

4. Mondy Jan, Brttato, at 43 
. 5. HennvTop.Monariil an mtouta»»»cnn(to 
X K*By-Aim Wtoy, OmbdOLat IDO 
7. TLuWkw Johra, Sxwtoa at KW . 

X Hstoan Hm. HoUeni at i:M 
y. Csdta OdbVcOlltB' ' ' 
la Pafro SM*n> VMh» Garmanx, li* 

!>■» wwa'i Ovarall LoaOori 

L jamnto Long* Fiance. Sevan bouca'49 
>019^70 rfrinutM. 32 seconds _ 

(SA4I2 *x Maria ootoka. itatv, at S ncondo 
S20AU2 X Vatarto Simnywl. Franca, at 3V ~ 
bom 4. Itataan Hag*. Holland, at 47 . 

SI 77,700 i Mondy Jont*, Britain, at 1:04 
SI 7X225 4. Homy T«VHaHaaa,at l:!*' 

<725,701 1. KoBv-Ann Mtov, Canada, 109 ■ 

Silvas' X Cedto Odbv Franca, at 131 
>109,247 7. TuuDkkl JtOtra. SWKtoa at 1:37 • 

SHSSS ia Prim do srato, Hdltand, at 1M2 

bledon singles crown and her Rinaldi, the world’s Uih-ranked ance to fend off an opponent, 
fourth in a row, had to fight hard player, who was making her first Garrison, the No. 8 seed, at times 
before beating Zina Garrison, 64, appearance in the se m ifinals of a played exquisite, uninhibited ten- 
7-6 (7-3). Later. Evert easily defeat- Grand Slam tournament, doable- nis. But Navratilova’s ability to win 
ed Kathy Rinaldi 6-2, 6-0. faulted to give Evert another break the big points gave her the edge, as 

Evert beat Navratilova at the at the start of the second set it lad Wednesday against Pam 
French Open last month and re- That was effectively the end erf Shriver. 

French Open last month and re- That was effectively the end erf Shriver. 
gained the world’s No. 1 ranking, her challenge. She dropped her “She «»™ up today with son* 
And, although she has won three serve twice mare' as Evert ripped really key saves at a pressure 
Wimbledon tides, Evert has yet to through the set, finding the lmes time," said Garrison. “She got 
defeat her long-time rival the four and wearing down her demoralized down and dug in in the tie breaka 
times they have met in thc final of opponent and played ft real wdL I think she’s 

this grass court championship. “She j^pj pjc working, which is really eager right now. She loves a 
Nawatflova, who first wem Wim- what I needed," Evert said, son*- challenge.” 
bledon in 1978, was riven a tough what modestly. “I just did every- Navratilova said she feJt more at 
battle by Garrison, 21, on a sun- thing a Kttle bit better than her. ease against Garrison than she had 
drenched Centre Court. Bat si* i^ninna nW tn fhf. final du> noamut Rhrhipr Ivmiiw one 

and played ft real wdL I think she’s 
reaDy eager right now. She loves a 


Martina Navratilova gives bear racket a questiosring look daring defeat of Zina Garrison. 


Pova VOn Otaton. wBditr , Ir otn _ _ . _ 

- — Amarfem Leaam ' international iooaua. ' nigh t, between the Detroit Hgess 

CLEVELAND— Acaal rad Scott BoDol MILWAUKE E - Itorata q ra dl tha caBtract of OitaJAa 

^ ottcbar.tro n i Ptltab ura btaaowitataa MoyW Rick Walta. PHchor. fram Voocauvor of Hm ^ ana “* 

.0 ... - v.. iraitotor JobnntaLaMaotar.Anionoil Btftas PacHIc Coast Loaaut. . Ona-*Wing Oy U* KaStllKdy 000.- 

"* :fT to wotortiury ot the Eastern naooa- Ptorad Oakland— lotamwd Mika Morris, oitch- Dave Beraman’s hranet on the 

Roy Thomoo. ptfehor,pB I54ay dtaefttad list. or. HM ha <MU raraabi on Kw Molar Lacnto 
*•- Moved Ride Bahama,' anchor, from ISOay Joint Onto Praoram RMwblfltaHm Q« far Omtptfai m UC linn mtung, gave 
dtoabtad ast to 21-dov dSsaMMt RsL Rocnllod the rest of tta mm the Tigers a 4-3 victory. - - 

—.o - wrs - 

^ \r 4^*“ •- 1 - — : w. - t ^ - - 

L OmpUtd by Our Staff Fnm Dbpaidm^ - time that I dcm’tlmowTrixai kind of ray’s hom^ in the eighth but sot- grounder to Pagliarulo, wbo, ao- R 

[ PATTpuifipp — a kftttv rff hitter l am,” he said. Tin trying to vivafto record his seventh straight cording to umpire Dan Morrison, and 

Main* g, the latwnning home runs Wednesday M a groovnljut Tm stnaKfing.’’ victory over the Orioles. imsod i tagging Mpsdw coming to land 

. 1 cKto^theD«^:r«ei Bergipan rise preventefm in- Btae Jqw 3, Ynb» 2z Lloyd !fii 

the winning nm. 

arenened centre court. Bat she Looking ahead to the final d* against Shriver b ecame she was 
raised hCTgame m the stsond set tre aid: “Martina is probtibty a Hole able to bnak serve marc often. 

^ ^ ™ touniaiM ? L “It was a tight matdi again. Zina 

mlhourMmnmtes. She wifl rtally be out toayo^ethe hit some phe^nraal shra? Nav- 

Evert s victory over Rinaldi 18, loss m Fans. I do not think she has ratflova ^id. “She went for broke 
was far more one-sided, but took had an easy route. Her scores have and I could have lost the second 
only 23 mumtes less. Thai was be-- been dose, which is to my advan- sc{ _*’ 

[ Garrison, playing in her first 

-m nr-i-| -m f -g WbnWedon ttmifbial, got off to 1 

Derby With Onoles 

J — • But she immediately - dropped 

grounder to Paghanilo, wbo, ao- Royals 3, A’s 0: Bret Sabcrbagcn her »rice and was brokoi *n 
cnrrfma to limnrrR Dan Morrison, and Dan Omseriherrv held Ctek- the fifth and sevootn games as Nav- 


ending double play with a 

slide mto second base in the m Tcwmto. 

Btae Jays 3, Yankees 2z licryd 
HhasSty scored on New York thud 
baseman Mike Pagtiarulo’s throw- 
ingetror in ti* lOtii for the victory 

o, and Dan Quisenbary held Oak- themth aim sevtata games mxw- 
to ? nnd to six hits ^ wilKp. Wilson ratflova built a 5-2 adv an ta g e. 

Qy hit a bases-empty homer in Kansas - He breaks continued, as a re- 
in City, Missaun. It was only the seo- markable down-th e-line pass 
ond outside-the-paik bomor from polled Garrison bade to 5-3. In the 

t, . n __. die left side in the switch-Mtting 

Red Sox 9, Brewra (h Brace CCQto . gd^s careex. 

Hurst held Milwaukee to five hits 

held serve with her two 


HEW YORK^urtoonoed that Mookta wm- 
hhv canter Hairier, onderaont or ttirmcoptc 
ntrgary on hi* right AogIKr WadneUav. - 

TV'Tftf R TotllmB LiflPtffl 
WINNIPEG— Rotomd Detwte Alton and! 

J UaoCUaU I Mraorv an htariiM tawaldWWailncMav.- ■ haven't been Ixdcfingiq) my end cf 

ftj fo otball tl* bargam.”. • 

Wednesday’s Scores am - 

Mlehnal Millar. itMa racahwra: David Blocfc. V-tor-41 UBS SCSSOU betore DC «n- 
American i ■ offaoNva unmenj David Daniata. kmnh gied andhosnered in his last two at 

^Shhtavuu ^ in Wedorad^s gam* The 

«w«taM nwanaw Dwmv Fwwmnd. Don hon*r was only Ins second (his 

i™ Itadoefc, and Jamas Sykas, Rmlm boctou year. ' ' 

mdWMn, Mortlnax (10). w-^dtar. 5X L— To( m hom, wnrlarBadli Jo. Jacfcgoa and 3 T ..^. ■ .. . > 

... . John PtttsHiMbadcars, and Rob PradonovK. It followed X tWO-tmt drive inti* 

TZT" ” ” S~! . ? datenalvallnaraan.PlacadRanclv Fabl.rai>:' top of the ei ghth by t e am ma te Trai 


the Tigers a 4-3 victory. * eighth, setting Hp Whitaker’s two- Moacby began the 10th with & and struck out 10 as visiting Boston Cowens' ttwHiui, two-nm dtrnble lowed 

“Twas happy to do something to. nmbomcrtiiMtempcmmlyputthe .brokea-batsi^e to ririit and stole ended a four-game losing streak, j ueattlp’^ fnur-mn eighth marie 
bdp the dub,* Bergman said. “I Tigers ahead. . his 23d base. After Wffiic Upshaw Mike Easier and Jhn Race each had ' SS 


MB DM MO 9—3 9 % 
MWM V- 1 J • 

BordL 1-2. 

Bataan MS MB m-* 15 0 

Mwa a km mMNM 5 i 

Hum and Gedman; Darwin, Cacararnwr 

Winner Dan Petty aflowed Mur- walked, George Bell hit a hard two RBI For the Red Sox. 

Pirates’ DeLeon Is Ready to Walk the Plank 

Marinera 5, White Sox 1: Al of tl* match: a half-volley lob fd- 
Twens' two-out, two-nm doable lowed by a low cross-court pass, 
■ring Seattle’s four-nm eighth made on a well-disguised drop 
oke the tie in Chicago. shot 

Twins7, Md&ns (h Littlo-used Bm Navratilova still was up one 
lcher Tim Laudnexhu a two-run break and d* served out the first 

It followed a two-imdrive in the coatmues. 
p of the ei^fth by teammate Lou 
mtaker and a score-tying homer 

TheAxioaaied Pras Foster hit for a thoxo-nm hiamer during a four-run first 

NEW YORK — The enigma that is Jose DeLeon inning. DeLeon allowed just five hits, and only two 
continues. after the first iuxting. He Struck out six and walked 

“He’s got a chance to be a big winner in fl* major lwo - 
leagnea,” said his manager. Grade Tanner of the Teammates axe not doing muchtohrip,5ooringjnst 

broke the tic in Chicago. shot 

Twins 7* Indians <k Littlo-used But Navratilov! 
catcher Thu Landnex hit a two-run break and she so 
homeland drove max runs to back set in 37 minutes, 
the five-hit pitching of Mike Smith- , .-—-j _ 

sou as Mhmesota beat Cleveland in 
MbUMpofe. _ 

In. the second set, Garrison con- 
tinued to produce & number of fine 
drive volleys, service returns and 

Anwh X Ri 7- Bribhv vou *0»> acl¥Jw: iwun ouu 

Gri^*tib-breafcmg single in the awe 

i itK mum nMtnniin ihuirtn™ m many errors and naa to stave 

n^^m dntt„ 

hold serve against ibe steady power 

mSmm SSSmumS by the Orioles' Eddie Mmriyinlhe il S 

igyrW. L-Porartn, t-a ow«ora»ti.<tof»asjv»ijock, to Toronto, and hormra of that rmrirw' Pittsbur^i ^ates. ttistcad, DeLeon is, at 2-11, the 36 n^ m lus 17 starts tins seastBL 

“Btan mb mb MB D 5 i ^ OBtaitolve boctg HomUtan.. r”"— ” o lnanwct ratriiM- m th# tninnr.lMDnN . . nnlv 3 71 rnns » mim> the wvmth-i 

_ toto ft MHlu Bit 111 B2 * — 7 11 B 

*ta Hanian. Thompaoa (Si and Bento; Smlttv- 
. ran and Lautoar. W-SraRIKan. 7-7. L-Nbo- 

Mb4-‘M.HR»-Mlnnaaola,EnoiaCU,LaiKtoar ractavn'. 

NaHonai Fbatbaii lam “l was looking for something I 

Cincinnati— watvad mac cams, vMe could hit bard, and was trying tope 

an bob MB— 5 9. 1 
BNB1B8BB— 1 > B 

***vw. more 

DALLAS— Stamd Karl PowtotaMaracata- 
DENVER — Signed KaH MeGragor, twit times 

swmger some- 
time, I don’t 

losingest pitcher in the m^or kagnes. 

“He’s pitched in a lot of tough tack,” sud Tumer. 
That bad luck continued Wednesday night as the 
New York Mets beat DeLeon, 6-2. . 

“It seems this has been hg pp*»r|mg top mocb,” he 

only 321 runs a game, the seventh-worst support Tor 
» said Tanner, any National League pitcher, 
ty iri ^ ht as the “It would be nice to get some runs and get out in 
front for him,” Tanner said. 

top much,” he Foster extended his hitting streak to seven gamet, 

in Philadelphia as Chicag o rallied “** «»“»“ »»»», uku jkui save 
before 56,092, the largest crowd in until 6-6. 
the NL this season. In the tie breaker, Navratilova 

The Phillies had broken a 2-2 tie built a commanding 6-1 lead and 
in the bottom of the. eighth on a bad five match points. Garrison 

the largest crowd in unt ^ 6-6* 

They exchanged breaks in third 
and fourth games, then held serve 

swHLvamteBcrv (u.Nama (B) ana Kear- wt. to ° **?«* _ know ^riiere the pitcfais. But this said. *Tvejiist been making too many mistakes.” during whidi he is 12-for-27. That ddigfated tnefes- bases-loaded 

7 Mv: NMsan.SplllnH < (M.FIraavId (II.Agoslo 

• (9f amt FWt. W-Swifl, 3-1. L— SpKJnar, 2-Z 

‘ DBtrtat BM SHI BOB 1-4 4 B 

. mm i UM S 1U BOB MB B—3 ■ B 

. - PBtry and PgnWt; DIxoivSneR (B), TJ*ar- 

• fknn}^tovrart(9landDwapMV.Panto(8). 
W— Pfttrv.W*. L— StMnrt.3-a.HRs— Datralt, 

:■ ray da. 

’ Mdand BM BM flflB-0 4 S 

' ;mh atv wo tn stx-j 7 .0 

moHroil and Heath: SOberttaaen Oatasn- 
. * Mbrv Jf) and Sundtwre. W— SabBftwwfi. S4. 

■ L-QDdlran.G4.3 v Q uti a n btiTV 1 15] .HR— 
; KtaHH Ota, WUson [3V 

■ Utaft ar a to BBI BBt BM Bl— a IS 8 

. ■ta"ta?T- r j. . . BM MB IBB BW 4 * 

WM^toatft (UUamt Boone; MaaoivHanii 
- , Irt. samddt m and Stouahi. w - Moor* «. 


raoMraa - bm wo mi — s f « 

. KHi-YMk 400 ISO BIX— 4 7 I 

L : ‘taLm. Wlna (■) and Psna; Lyneb and 

■ Cofl| Bi’ < . W-Undi. 54. L— OtLsaa Ml. 
Jj/ M ta—PUMNlntePWia (6J. Mew YarlL Foster 

•. OB. 

J °**m Ml MB 112-4 13 1 

:: , vgta Ml rt ta MB 2B0 *i»-3 » 0 

. EckntaK. Frazier (4), Brustaar C7L SnHM 
' : IMW Davis; Hudson, TskalvetU ond Vlr- 
^ ta—SmUh, 4-2. L— 4J. HR— PWl 

■ - .oitatoWa, Ham {71. ■ 

N.Y. JETS— stoned Jeff Deaton, avard- 
ladcto, and Leeter Lvlex safety, ta a certoeof 
□ne-vvar cantracti. 

was a fastball down and m. . 

The big mistake he made 

“Tra going through a period of hi^i f ast&Il over the middle m the plate that George Shea Statfiom. But not not DeLeon. 

the Mets was a five, sellout oowd that turned oat for firework night at Sandberg exten 

streak to 15 games. 

OzaeVngfl. saved two of them, but Navratilova 
his hitting produced a first service winner to 
(AP, UP1) clinch the match. 



Most Havers Against AH-Star Boycott ^Berd^R^atta 

* o ¥ TV_ VT Tft J YY_- 

One Tour de France Team Gets Top Service 

.1 LMs 


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> .Vrett - 43 31 JB1 M 

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East Dtetatan 

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vP*»Bo 49 « 441 4 

W York 48 as JED 4V. 

r. UtadetoMo 33 42 A4B lift 

V; Ntsurtfls 23 49 JOB » 

NEW YORK (AF) — Major league baseball players would over- 
whelmingly oppose a boycott: of the All-Star Game as a tactic in 
negotiatmg a new contract with owners, according to a sorvr^ of players 
conducted by Tl* Associated Press. 

In a survey taken last month, aO but seven of 516 players responding in 
a survey on contract negotiations said they would not favor boycotting 
the game, scheduled for July 16 in Minneapolis. Tbc playm arc among 
the nearly 700 members of the Major League Flayers Association wbo 
have been working without a contract since Dec. 5l. ' • 

In New York, a union official said Wednesday that its executive board 
will meet July 15 to set ad^ for a strike tf the drib ownera continue fo 
appear to be d^gnothiag to avoid il 

Howe Given His Release by Dodgers 

• LOS ANGELES (UPI) — Pilcher Steve Howe,, wbo said he ’’could not 
effectively handle many of the pressures I have here in the Los Angeles 
area,” was given his unconditioual release Wednesday by the Los Angeles 
Dodgers, ending a three-year saga during which he was suspended three 
times for diugabuse. 

. Howe, 27, once a star reliever, failed to show up Sunday for a game 
j gyinrf Atlanta hnt s urine test taken a day later did not detect drag use. 
Twee, have been reports 1* is battling depression, having recovered 
slowly from offseason arm •satmy. . 

“Many things happened in uus town in the last few yeais, Rowe said 
later; “and I thought that I would be aide to cope with them. Unforto- 
naiely that didn't happen.'* The Dodgers said that unless some other ctab 
riaiww hinr jhny will pay Howe the balance of his $325,000 salary for 

For the Record 

Supdoria defeated M3an, by an aggregate spore of 3-0, to wm the 
Italian Cup soccer title in Genoa. ' (AP) 

Dr. Carter, the thoroughbred race horse whose promising T-year-dd 
season of 1984 was slowed by Alness, was retired to stud became of a 
fractured sesamoid. :(AP) 

S Dtaaa 


» Fmictoea 

4S 33 J&2 — 

40 -34 -541 4 

39 35 . SO S 
» 38 J86 Vf* 
34 41 XS3 1W 

as 49 jm m 

_ Quotable 

“When pe^fle ask me how long Tm going to play, I re aw rant give 
them a gpod answer. I know a lot more is belmidn*than is ahead of me- 
— Pete Rost 44, rite Oncmnati Reds' player-manager. . 

By Norman Hildes-Hdm 

New York Times Seme f 

gland — U.S. news made it -a star 
spanned 4th of July at the 140th 
Holey Royal Regatta. 

The first of the 100 elimination 

heats got underway at 8 AAL, con- 
tinued with clockwork precision 
every five nannies until 730 PJVL 
— pausing only for the luncheon 
and tea — and almost as precisely 
the US. cbBegjate crews advanced 

in the T j*tt iae ’ PhaTlwig e Plate. 

. Harvard’s junior varsity heavy- 
weights eased off half way through 
the mile and 5/ 16th course, so as 
not to embarrass, the Thames 
Tradesman’s Rowing Club, and 
woo by .tm and one-naif lengths. 

Temple University defeated the 
Amsterdam Smdent Rowing Club 
and Friday meets the Palm Beach 
Rowing Association, which out- 
classed the ‘Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute ctw from Massachusetts. 

In oueof the mwelmarre races, 
the Hanover University Rowing 
Club of Gennany, windi drew the 
Princeton University lightweight 
varsity, had announced, it would 
Trill the PrincetansT* But after ar- 
rivinglate for the sian of their race- 
and recaving a wanting, the Ger- 
mans twice made false starts and 
were disqualified. 

In the most exciting race, the 
Vancouver Rowing Crab, m the 
Wyfold Oaltaffl Ccp for codess 
fours, defeated (he Nautilus Row- . 
ing Club, Great Britain’s national 
team training squad; by four feet 

.By Samuel Abt 

JntematUmal Herald Tribune 

LA GACXLLY, France — Monsieur Richard, 
the headwafter at the restaurant Le Boeuf a la. 
Mode 'on East 81st Street in New York City 
does not know or care what thepfa dujour win 
be Friday trighL Or far the next three weeks. He 
has a bigger order to fill: To manag e a U.& 
bicycling team to another victory in the Wom- 
en’s Tpur de France. .... 

Marianne Martin of Boulder, Colorado, wore 
the overall leader’s yrilow jersey at the finish in 
Paris. This year the field is twice last year’s 36 
riders- and the competition is expected to be 
suffer because it indndes several women who 
skipped the first race to compete in the Olym- 
pics in Los Angeles. 

“We could wm, but on naper the French are a 
Rote better team," said Monsieur Richard, who, 
as Richard Lavdot, is manager of the UJL 
women's “IT team. He knows French riders 
well because he has watched them often in his 
native Brittany wink vacationing from New 

His voice, until now a trifle hesitant as bicy- 
clists aided round and loudspeakers an- 
nounefed the details of the day’s stage, took on a 
new authority when he spoke of Le Boeuf a la 
Mode. “We have wonderful duck with cassis — 
blackcarrant berry sauce," he said, the perfect 

Late.m June he hung up his black uniform 
and his bow tie and donned jeans and the star- 
spangled jersey of the U.S. “B* team. His six 
ridos are all members' of (he North Jersey 
Bicycle C3ab of R idg e fidd Part, New Jersey, 
which hired hm. There is also an “A” team of 
six women selected nationally from rc&unfa and 
coached by Paula Andros of New York, In aH 
the women!s race comprises 12 teams from 10 
countries: France, the United Stares, Canada, 
Britain, the Netherlan d s, Belgium, Italy, China, 
Sweden and West Genrany. 

Pbctoby Bortwc Bel 

Richard Lavdot discussing race with 
U.S. team member Patty Peoples. 

Lavdol 46, listed' three reasons why he was 
named a »**»> manager Tm from Brittany, 
where the race started, I speak French ami I 
know the riders.” 

He also has coached on an international level 
before. • 

“I brought a U.S. men’s team to France in 
1990 and rate of our riders was Greg LeMond,” 
be said. During that trip LeMond attracted the 
attention of the Renault professional team in 
France, whidi soon signed him to a contract 
The 1983 world champion in (he road race, 
LeMond is now among the leaders in the Tour 
de France. 

As a team manager, Lavdot concentrates on 
coaching his riders, advising than on strategy 
and foflowing them in a car each day, shouting 
emwuragexncQt and orders fram a window. He 
does not repair tires or adjust saddles. “I don’t 
touch u Ma," he said Tm not a mechanic.” 

“He's a good manager," said one of fais riders, 
Betsy King of Farmington, C o n re tricuL “May- 
be he’s stin a filtie tooquiet, but he knows what 
he’s doing. I think he’ll help a lot over tl* long 


The women's race win cover more than 1,000 
kflometers before it ends on the Champs-Ely- 
sfces on July 21. “The tour is a lon^ way and lots 
of things can happen, especially m the moun- 
tains,” Lavdot stud. The women, all amateurs, 
will pass through the Alps and the Pyrenees, 
much more demanding country than the flat 
terrain around this town in Brittany, not far 
from Lavdot’s birthplace, MaS-Carfaaix. 

He first left bon* ai 17 to go to the United 
States in 1956. like many of the Bretons who 
emigrate to America, he entered the restaurant 
business and learned English along the way. He 
recently applied for UJ5. citizenship. 

Lavdot returns to France for a month every 
summer, visiting his wife and their son, Jacques; 
19. who live in Cokmbes, west of Pans. Once a 
year they visit him in the United States. “After 
my son graduates from tl* University of Nan- 
terre maybe well all live together in New York," 
he said. Since he emigrated, Lavdot has lived in 

1969, as apdiceman in Cdombes and Paris. 

Bat whether in the United States or France, 
he has continued to follow bicycling. He was an 
international rider himself, c om peting from 
1961 to 1965 in UJ5. races and once^ riding, he 
said, on a US. national team in Guatemala. He 
“wasn’t much of a cKmber but I was a pretty fair 
tin* dialer The one race he remembered win- 
ning was in Central Part in 1963. 

Now,.he said, he limits his competitive hky- 
diiig to outings with his New York dub, Slade 
Breton, “a bunch of people from Brittany” who 
“go oat riding many weekends and have tffnwr 
twice a year. 

He alio uses a bicycle to get between restau- 
rant and Manhattan apartment “It’s safer,” he 
said, “on my bike than on the subway.” 

Page 16 


Around the Newsworld 

By Russell Baker 



for petunia beds. Too modi of its 
*e hijacked ^ blondes ** 

tit a new _ 

into the lingo of the American news 
business. These were captors, often 

constantly ban 


is no 

Sgifese ggsggs 

obvioiS reasons: captors don’t by packers, kidnappers. fimucu 

sound like very exciting people. Do ^ Hie iustaJew of 

you want to read about captors? Md muidera^te jusu tewm 
Nn dim Ar least not when you *e usual Newsworia gang woo 
tune in your favorite ancborfdks or took ^i^toadSme 

3?°SSS gggggg 

ftcTffiere is a tacit agreement be- spised the tot of them. -When. ,hw 
tween the news busLosss and yoo, ««. 
the news audioice, that «cqrt for a 

few facts necessary for survival — — u 

market prices, baseball figure Nabrt Bern 
scores, new tax-grab schemes being began »o change 

Brian Moore: Malibu f W riter s Writer ^ ^ gingers Charged 

By Elizabeth Venant 
La Angela Tima Serrttx 
\ yTALEBU, California — to 
JVL the literary wilds of South- 
ern California, where screenwrit- 
ers constitute the predominant 
fauna, Brian Moore is a rara avis, 
the serious novelist- 
Holed up in a beach house 

fonua, Los Angeles. For three 
months a year he travels with his 
wife, Jean, to Canada, Britain 
and France, osmodcally gather- 
ing inspiration for his bows. 

Over the years, Moore's inspi- 
rations have continually varied. 
He wrote about an alcoholic Irish 
spinster in his first novel, “The 
Lonely Passion of Judith 

figure Nabih Beni, the newspeople 
nm rU more enter- and less of lodnappers, hyackcR, 

world will be decidedly more enter 

taming than Real world, with its 
dull captors. 


This explains why Newsworld's 
population has suen a dispropor- 
tionately tow percentage of ordi- 
nary, inoffensive people who never 

become involved m anything more v j 

piling than their own wedding ^ey had been from the start The 
anniversary, denting their fender at original kidnappers seemed to have 
the supermarket parking tot and gonc t0 the sidelines, but only be- 
waking up Sunday to find some- Bern had agreed to replace 
body has put an empty beet can in 
their petunia bed. 

In Newsworld such people rarely 
appear except as incessantly 
abused “innocent bystanders." to 
this role they get run down by 

international terrorists, fanatical 
extremists and murderers. Bern s 
political status seemed to improve 
the character of the crowd whose 
d eman ds he was pressing and 
whose victims be was holding as 


They were just as kidnapped as 

toe nature Irishman has crafted mHfia|e acdimHe por- 

At the age of 64 he has 
achieved the distinction, unusual 
among American writers, of rec- 
ognition derived from a body of 
works — 13 novels published 
over 30 years — rather than a 
monumental best-sdler. His cote- 
rie of admirers includes Kingsley 
Amis, Joan Didion — a longtime 

[rayed the artist chained to his 
creations in “The Great Victorian 

In “Black Robe" he recounts a 
“Heart of Darkness" tale of a 
17th-century French Jesuit who 
travels into the Canadian wilder- 
ness to save Indian seals. Criti- 
cized at times for tackling- sub- 

*“ — , iects that do not quite work. 

ing novelist. 

Now “Black Robe,” published 
this spring by E. P. Dutton, has 
been lauded in The New York 
Tunes Book Review, and Moore 
is at work on a film script of it. 

Bat none of those waghty at- 
tributes has managed to encum- 
ber the writer. 

Sitting in bis breezy living 
room and sipping a glass of wine. 

the same old stories. 

As Greene has noted, “Each 
new book of his is unpredictable, 
dangerous, and amusing. He 
treats the novel as a tamer treats a 
wild beast.” 

Moore writes about ordinary 
people. “Tm more interested in 
failure than success," because 
failure forces people to examine 

The Lot AngoJei 1 

The novelist Brian Moore at his cottage in California. 

Denouncing "hypocritical di* whose 
crimination" by some top black re- mopotous lulf of ^ttiunatcd s ,„ 
cording artists, the NAACP has be- million m flake. Mm. fc 
gun a campaign to pressure Tina judge niled ihflt l «. 
Turner Mkfaad Jackson. Lionel voice granted in Aprfl toThaao- 
Richie, Diana Ross and Prince, and polous. who has ws 

their record companies, 'into hinng void because ^chad not futfilhj 
more blacks. NAACP off [rials said residence requirements. • 
these superstars in particular, in □ 

contrast with performers such as 
Harry Belafonte, Stevie Wonder. 

Lena Home and Sammy Davis Ji- 
had “almost entirely white opera- 
tions." Spokesmen for the singers 
denied discriminating against 
blacks; most said their clients hired 
the most qualified people, regard- 
less of color. Fred Rasbeed, direc- 
tor of toe economic development 
program of the National Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Col- 
ored People, said the main target ol 
the campaign would be the compa- 
nies that distribute almost all re- 
cords: Capitol Indusiries-EML 
CBS Records. RCA Records. MCA 
Records, Warner Bros. Records 
and Polygram Records. The 
NAACP said it was focusing on 
black artists because it had more 
leverage with them. 


them as a surrogate kidnapper. 

We are miking about Language 
and news, andwheu the news peo- 
ple sensed that Bern's motives 
□tight be civilized and that no good 

would come from calling a surro- 

drunken drivers, shot while work- kidnapper a kidnapper, even if 
ing crowded streets and murdered ^ pressing the demands of 
fry mistake while vacationing in unr terrorists, they hHd to come up with 
derdeveloped subtropical states. . a more polite word for Bern and his 
Thus they appear in Newsworld, people. 

bora to die senselessly. As every street-comer propagan- 

Once in a while, under the classic ^ now ^days knows, it’s best to 
Newsworld headline “Innocent By- avo id precise language when you 
slander Slain," there may be a bnef want l0 persuade people to do 
story hinting at innocent bystand- thing s your way. For this purpose 
er’s identity as ordinary guy. Its you need vague, preferably mis- 
headlin e will sav “Slain Man’s Pe- leading words that have no emo- 
uinia Bed Was Neatly Kepi.” nonal impart. Thus the word of 
_ choice for Bern and his aides be- 

D came “captors." This lent them a 

In Newsworld, though, ordinary dull respectability that helped 
guys and oris are a tiny minority, move the affair to a smooth condu- 
The maw of the population is com- sion. Thus. does Newsworld muzzle 
posed of ax kiDers, crazed gunmen, its instincts to help create the occa- 
rogue cops, subway fiends and mad sional happy ending. 

bombers. Newsworld has no room New York Tima Service 

room and sippmga glass onnac, ^-selves, he said, 
he skewers dullards- topoon- generally 

ing “an non butterfly” means a lapse of religious faith, 

tor and moaning jjver a IrtenuY ^ lack of il are a 

— .tt-S-ta.b.0 

south of France, and afterward, 
while working for the United Na- 
tions, he visited the Nazi death 
camp at Auschwitz. Yet when he 
sat down to write, it was bis Irish 

cause they were ignored and they 
revealed much more of their pri- 
vate lives." 

He is pleased that Canada’s 
International Film Corp^ which 

not so ^ch as wrt thnr Vi^istics. ^ yogue than his personal past that came bubbling up, and co-produced Unus Malle's Al- 

“They drank fnnt juice. Can you ^ leitmotif of fantasy are in one guise or another he has lanuc Gty, is produangBlack 

... . — « r been whacking away at his Catb- Ty ~ u ~ " — u ' m ™ nn}vw,1 *‘' v ’ 

imagine?” . 

Yet Moore is hardly a social 
gadabout. “I've always fdt you 
need a erne of dullness in your life 
to write novels,” be said. 

He expresses distaste for liter- 

3 r celebrities who wreck their 
eats on party circuits. And be 
tells how, after a stint as a New 
York writer, he escaped 18 years 
agp to the “nonliterary territory" 
of Southern California. He came 
to do the film script for Alfred 
Hitchcock’s “Torn Curtain," but 
the movie was not a success and 

popular in the cool realism of 
contemporary American fiction. 

“In America I’ve always been a 
bit of an ootsider." he said, to a 
voice not unknown to other Irish 

Following a long tradition 
among Irish writers, from Oscar 
Wilde to James Joyce and Samuel 
Beckett, Moore abandoned Ire- 

olic beginnings ever smcc. 

But his fascinati on with belief 
and commitment has become an 
intellectual pursuit, he said. 

“In nearly all my. novels Tm 

interested in the point in a per- out of print since it was first pub- 
son’s life where whatever it is that j^bed m 1955. “And that cheers 
they wanted or believed in — me up,” he said, 
ambition, political or religious Would he ever consider writing 

Robe." probably to collaboration 
with a French film company. 

Longevity has always been 
Moore’s great interest. He point- 
ed out that “The Lonely Passion 
of Judith Hearae" had not been 

knd, judging it “a totally repres- belief — is suddenly taken away a potboQer, just for the sake of a 
— from than, and they are forced to j ucre ? 

sve country. 

Raised to Belfast, Moore en- 
j„rMi n Ktrincenriv Catholic 

re-examine their Byes up till then. 
I Hke to set my books to that short 

bow to religion. 

He laughed. “I once made a bet 

with a friend that I could write a 
popular story for ihe Saturday 
Evening Post," he said. “It was 
turned down by the Post and a 


S--. H terew h»w your heut in theie 

Qnwe^end^ranaB^^mm , radically anti-clerical his ability to mine the female psy- dungs, 

of writers and academ^ finj Jojmes ra y feminist revolu- For is ; stuck 

set ootMwriK about to, ha aid, triteube was houing tvid, bis meto. T m oaly batmv 

their way to Moore’s redwood 
cabin. Once a week he drives torn 
town to teach a creative writing 
miTv At the I Jniversitv of Cah- 

the world. During the war he 
landed with the Allies in the 

IIUIL lib MlUf VTUVUJM D . , n , ■ j 

Ms craft, “women were more to- when Tm writing, he said, 
teresttog to talk to than men be- life for me. It s real life. 

Insisting that “this is not an anu- 
church film," the producer Richard 
Martin plans to start production 
next month to Yugoslavia on a 
movie whose premise is that the 
newly elected Pope John Paul L 
who died to 1978. was murdered 
because he was about to announce 
changes to Vatican policy that 
would have affected profitable re- 
lationships with an international 
banking underworld and organized 
crime. Michael Anderson (“Around 
the World to 80 Days") will direct 
Paid Scofield as the pope, Robert 
Mitchum as a corrupt archbishop 
and Christopher Walken as an in- 
vestigative reporter. Martin, who 
said he was told that shooting the 
film to Italy “would be a little dan- 
gerous," chose Dubrovnik, Yugo- 
slavia, because parts of it resemble 
the Vatican. 


The former automaker John Z. 
De Lorean has won a ruling that his 
propeny-and-custody fight with 
Christina Fenrare Thomopolous 
should take place to New Jersey. 
Superior Court Judge Mkhad R. 
Imbrinai to Somerville, New Jersey, 
rejected arguments that the case 
should be handled to California. 

President Ferdinand t Mvqr 
of the Philippines sang a song for 
his wife. Imtfda. on her 56th birth, 
day and said the contrast beften 
her youthful looks and his 
probably caused the nimoT* that h jg 
was sick, "lrndda. you’re my cter- j 
nal sweetheart, inspiring muic, 
who wTougfat my oesuny," The pit. 
ident. 67, sang as Filipino office 
and foreign diplomats Lkicne^ 


As Bruce Springsteen’s Europ;. 
an tour readied London, and a 
High Court hearing begjn over al- 
leged sales of pirated Springsteen 
T-shirts. Sir Jeremiah Han mm . 
judge, was heard to murmur “Who 
is he? A pop star?" Edward Bragid, 
lawyer for Springsteen’s Merchan- 
dising Enterprises Inc., told Bar- 
man that Springsteen was “proba- 
bly the most popular singer in tfe 
world today." Replied ihe jodg* 
“Verv welL" 

The Roiterdani -Arts Council has 
named as redpieoi of its annual 
"Perseoiied Poet" prize the Yin- i 
namese poet Nguyen Qd TKen ) 
who has spent 23 years in prison^, 
and re-education camps and is nos 
held in Hoa Lo prison in Han- 
oi. .. . The exiled South Africa 
poet Breyten Brrytenhacfe has been 
named recipient of Italy’s Pfr 
Paolo Pasolini literary prize. 


The Eari and Countess of Spea- 
cer, father and stepmother of Di- 
ana, Princess of Wales, have sold 
two Old Master paintings at Soth- 
eby's to help pay a Q-nuQkm 
(S2.6- million) bill for repairs id 
their home. .Althorp. A picnire of 
SS Christopher and Peter with ik 
infant Jesus by the 15th-aatury 
Venetian artist Cana, winch the 
countess bought to 1965 when she 
was married to the Earl of Dart- 
mouth. fetched £253,000. A 'Ma- 
donna and Child by Jacopo Buy 
sano sold for £38300. 


mu vans m pams vet Hw 


17 av H?Scorre 75116 Pgk 
(of lh» Troowtefi^. Tet 553 2060. 
[Enghh ipokonj. BeautiM new and an- 
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10 am - 1 pm and 2 pm - 630 pm. 


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June ■ 27 th July. Mondays -Mays 
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Mfings. Indoor poaL 
(Gdn) 1* Acres, grooan 

country style home , tennis 

court, pool, separate stem 

• 3!»aW0.(Cdn) Magnificat* 8 yra 
old Georpcre home on 3 ocres w«l 
a stream. 6 bedrooms, separata 
staff auaTton. 

Cafl Ruth*** Winter (416) 8454267 

Oakvflr, Ontorio. Canada L&J IJ6 


oi wf bi rm namjn B twnwa in- 
term, wfemmorsAanatiM 
of a mdSan readers wo lid- 
wide, moot of whom sue "m 
bwemeee end mdattry, wS 
road ff. JlsT Mix us (Pam 
6135951 baton 10 am. 
muing that wo can Mine you 
bads and your mottago wtB 
mar within 46 boon. The 
_.J is U-S. $9.80 or load 
equfwdenf per Bno. You mutt 
Indudo co oip Mo and variR- 
Mo bMSng addrat*. 



nue Road & Boor S trert. hfertt of 
dehtxe downtown ana 71rt floor m 
mast dosiraUo qocity bufefag m 
North America. 7A hr. concierge 8 
security. Pool, Mreatmd oxerae 
area, storage, etc. 2 bedroom or dea 
1755 sq. ft. Afl rooms very tape & 
bocufcWy deoofrted 

CdZ CdMtkltioW 175 1 

land Si, #2103. Toronto M5R 3M9 


Enin 6 ho island with sports fishtaa 
fadEtas. Located across from warn 
famous Printer s lodge. $290,000 Oh, 
Write 0 Bakie, " ' " “ " 

V9W 37. 

Babe, OiSt Kedty Ud., 1- 
iwood Carpbrtl Inver, 1C. 

7. TeL- 634-286-1187. 



financial property iiwc s tmenta 
from USPOJXO. Hgh reams. Pletse 
reply tar iintriKltirtii 

rORIZON l*, {Atom 
04-1211 Geneva 12, Swfcedand. 

toeated u ommeiod property, 1&000 
soft, at USSn^sq.ft7Mn. & Smffv 
F5 a 35. Montepo Boy. Jcsttaioa. 


OOTE D'AZUR, in seduded area now 
sea 4- parts. 15 nen, Canna, 
planned (or 1988 tie 1st onto 
vffage in Europe. Lota tar vitos 1 
stun. & up tar S2S par sqjn. on 
offered fa people who are 1 ' 

sa retoert e permanentiy. Pm tar 
solar erttages + mretwanta ore 
am ektaferar deiols write: &. S. 
Meban Tueholskystr. 77, 6000 FnxA- 
fun/M. 7a Cdh 69.134409 am. ■ 6 
pjtl, after/weekend: 69-683180 



17% - 20% 



We rae a major cortdno- loosing <w»- 
pony ffwrwfed 1973) wife cm exrelmt 
record of return & service far our O- 
ents. We are currently me 
17JXX) aantanen tar over 



$15 mUON 

If you are ojnsidering on inuestment to 
containers we suggest you axfloaus 
before roobng yw dec»on. 





TEL 1020) 272822 
THEX 14663 [WESCO] 

A UK Comprary with Subtidary 
compotee* m Fratot, Gennany, 
Holtond, Norway & Sweden. 


The mirade Jotoba ail, produced from 
a pfaertt grown n the USA which Ives 
tar over 100 yecn, has unique, out- 
ttandrgqudlM and can tauondfere- 
atooe m/nwal & crime* bosad km- 
carts. Other auablirfwd ul«t 
cosmetics. . phannooeuticote. food, 

“ " "tag Hreit a Sa ns Already 

Return an hnrartnent fa Hrst 
Ye*. By End Of 6* Year. Returns 
Eqart Vufld Amount l 
Theretrfter, protections show 
mud mcome a 33%. For 

details contort: AUOBA Rf 

Boot 2429 HenJd Trifemo, 
92521 NeiaSy Cedex, France 




ty, good toertian. Fu»y fiareedfar 

Funrinma, firtures ond motor veri- 
cufes a SIOOJOOIL Start cost price, 
S2OO.O0O negottobto. Write to Havas 
N 1113. 4 Rue Pet hta. Monaco. 


YESI Invest in one af America's mast 
snoring techre*WxJ breatatroufl 

a bffian dotiar inaatry, We have p 
ed more nil trees in 1964 than any 
other developer in aur Strte. 

High seated^ Mintage mured far 


Materid ewatiabte m Engfah, French, 
German. Bax 2358, Henrid Tritame, 
92S21 NeuBy Cedex, France 


Efegness srtes; commercid, mduslrid & 
i BS ki artrid real estate-sales & laceeL 
Property nmoganant, S tuness de- 
vetopnienL Wrte with yoir 
mente & finondol specs to ‘ 

& Busmen Brok 
— 210,lrv¥ie,C 
i Ue SPOT 

1194 . 

toyaheci firm m New York Gty seeks 
eaenis l dtfrfarion for ther nigh 
qucAtyl^ewhan’ lytmd blended ogo- 
rera mode in USA. Altrartiw terms 
affixed toterested portws with conv 
netart artxmiztiion may contact! Ne- 
wixm AEsd CorOflBS Mofeon 
New York. N.Y. liSoi 6 1*1212)532. 
6971Tbu 425513 



report - 12 axjrrtries cxidyzed. De- 
tortt WMA, 45 Lyndhurst Terrooe. 
Suite 503, Centrd.rtang Kong. 

DO YOU WANT TO BUY or.sefi any 
merdianffise in Europe? Uecneretem| 
075 24956. Box 225 ft 9495 Trie 

(Ihe Gimmtt) wrote the 

first spoken Ameriaxi/Frendi drtx> 
nary + sert«o 


rue de Bard 

MARBaiA. h the beS barton, cpm- 
meroal ute 40 sqm. & 12 ayn. shop 
window avoartJte fw partnwship or 
loam. Write Aplda 436, 5an Pedro de 

05. TAX PROfESSONAL offers AM- 
NESTY SPECIAL 82. 83, 84 returns 
pared for $100. U*4 tost *1 

crowd. CfA Franc* (35) 9 _ 

immedirtelY far appointments ri Pars, ANDROS Wand. Restored done house 
Geneva Man. an 2/00 sant loncf + oive trees. 3 


HKH RETURNyour mm wit to refine 
precious mefrit fix' USll^OO 
upkm rtory booklet. Write Prover 


Co. USA. c/o Troramd Serves, roe 
Voltaire 16.CH1201 Geneva 

COMFUTSB, far brenM and peraxv 
al use. Authonred dealer far BM. 
Apple, offien. Bed price s. Cefl Mr. 
SwmTOB. Fata 563 2989/ 348 3000 

far SF or any aarencjL WB 
barrow toige sums af SF, 5 or 10 
vear*. Hove Promissory nates. Tel 
Swirertad Zurich 361 6500 
056/491 XL 

from LBS400 OVrttotte now. Tel 
(0624) 20340. Tefex: 628352 ISLAND 
S lwaUKL 

to Swrtdu Please contac t telex 
423070 Switzerland. 





A complete personal & bums service 
providing a unique 1 cofadwi ctf 

promoUond occcaw m. 

330 W. Sfilfa Si, N.Y.C 10019 

WEST 2 WSQ n Better Hedh, 
Enter Confioc I Wf Preuertion 
Health Bec on dtfanlng Pregrom new. 
Begatf moroton, pearene S 

ire, Entan iw GodrtrataB, Surrey 
ten. London. Eng 

GU8 5AL 45 mm. 

We ree on eerritfehad t ra de 5 bu a- 
nes* esneffyits offerxig inestnert & 

CTriyobon services. Prom from the 
new Canadian Boom by amtoctug: 

Sofdat ktterrxjtiood Corporation 
2045 Stanley Sherf- Suite 1 All Maro 
tred. Q.C. Canada H3A 187. Teh 
842^760 Tic 05560448 

fmnrind n fir flttnrimt 71 nw rFwmciitL 75018 Paris. 


grope and Woridwde. yowig ener- 
gehc team, ueng mvesrigerive gp- 
proodte ri atscher Assoaates, la Ab- 


three hundred year dd exp 
beam, four bedroom*, baxroom, two 
reoephan^ kbchen/iveig room, utmty 





PAIAIO MiSO, 10 tafrom Affra 
toxurioui aportmwtt finfched 83. far 
sate due to Jiwss. 2 bedroooB. 
frxmg Eort-Southwest, enormous fiv- 
ing with firepkre & enormpus venm- 
dos ol around- ferfa fe & parquet 
fioao. door TV. fely.fetnd kUret 
with id appjtonoes, fray fumihed 
qvraSty furritare, finer, cutlery, 
color Ty; efedncdJy ppwrted aw- 
•, safer hot wtfer, cti&n&sl oei» 

Mr. MomicAntas 2287655 or Geneva 
Mr. Petrayaraxi 31W50. Would sut 
Embasty or foreign misiaon. 






75 modem stables on 50 acres op- 
[x 'c ixi mrtely. Unfane Georgm houses 

EARN 30% - 35%. ItWEST in short I 
torm amnred al paper notes. ASedf 
ltd, PO Bov 4Z2,T : £ri*onburaVb| 
ginia 22801, ' 

etc. nsaoOJXKL 
before 530 pm. 



TUSCANY FOR 5A1E. Fiffy fernidied 
snaR restored fanrftouse. 35 fan 
South East of Horancs. 2 bedrooms 


aboard Ihe flagship 
Ocean Princess 

• Weekly departures From Venice 
or Ntas Safurday through 

Tunis, SWy, Corfu, FXtbrow*. 

Mands af Ate 
Metfiterranean aboard 
the yocht4ike 
Ocean Islander 

• Weelriy d^arwes from Vena 
or lfarajKjvi(n»*cd»a) Srturdoys 
through Oct. 19. 

• Coifing on Zodr,Kansaiigmfe,Pv- 

pars -Haraowwr-««g 

•••NW, 79 roCTis wNtWk “J* 

ly renovated fa heart of 

iomordo / Tim Cc*n&«*> 
From F360. 3 nm htartUabrt. M 8 
IsL Tel: 260 32 80. Tfao. 213<92 F. 

Kensin^ b«t sihxttxm For 
and pfaaura. Afl fOOOB brth/ tra' 
er / TV / telephone /m dfo Tfar 


mdushre I _ 
tax. 68 Qumo’s 
TJ e 01-3706111. The 

Bper day. 01-4SS 3764 or 202 73 Pm 

TUDOR HOTH, 30*rtot ***£ 
T^ 4 ^?!Td: 212 - 9668800 - . ^ 


Your bed buy. 

Fina diamonds in any .price range 
. at toured whafeude price* 
direct horn Antvierp 
center of tire dtoMfiM world 
FuH gutntafee. 
far fiw* price iff write- 
JaadbM GoMeneiata 
Jamont W Ort 

Tfae7l779 syi b. A^WnprefOub. 
Heart af Antwerp Dtamond industry 

anna netnng, ihkxj nraui, iw- 1 Ijnm 

phone, tertoro, 1% heawes kma j 1 jJ5ma2fate 

far apporSroent in VcJob. Ycud wirter 

resadTet Horetre (003955) 867 55 
92, or write: Bax 2478, HwtJd Tri- 
bSw, 92521 NeJy Cedex, France 

Uands, Naptes. 
reservolicra contact: 

j ITALIAN RM9A, necr AbrioL&sy 
■ access rifen, Genoa, Turin & mm. 
Beautiful country visa, i beds, 2 rfr - 

Keanu icion Pori: 
Tab 01-^B 5898. 

oma: services 5 ■$?Z°gs£T 


99 KteZBruradit. 1015 OH Ansterdtsnl 
Teh 315025 57 49 Tehee 16183. | 
Worki-Wfde Buma Centra 


house dwfad ps two m __„ s , 

a p a rtm en t, 4 feiln, doepi 7, 210 1 
sqjn. wfa large i tetTaoB toadM in | 


on Arrra. Otawona atom, gapen 
taroce urilfa vicredUe wow, 6n flof- 
■ntine d«pf with aDmodM COW*- 
mence. 55 sain- &2D/J0&. Trt 
55 28 44 19 days - eras 55 67 66 



Mob Gtawfe TraveJ 

37 Awe. Marechal Fo* 
Teh (93) 856986 




ANSW9Bffl« SBMCE. tecretory, . „ 

be 24H/doy. VTUAfttARUlGANOcsi Hatton ttro- 


Shark-fisfwg o ipeaafity, butfdfa 
hading qptorei Encusiss, bros 
Wc Sanam Adventures UnGmited. 
54 Gootkich Road,,Eaa tiiMdt, Ion- 
don 5622 UK. telephone (01)6939566 


Sirsbe 1957 liP. provides 1 „ ... 

telex, modtag. toon*. 5 rue oArtob,! 
7S0B. TeL H9 47 W. Tlx: 642S04. 

toty, . 

lobe view, far 

new. Gorgeous 
below cost or 


C8NIHI NKX. For sale boA offices, I l^ffw^ri^twafafe. 
450 kuil. fafly equipped Gwcoml ctJ buildinfl. TeL 633 35 



.. . anywhere. Write taGpher, 24. 

305 OS, Pubfidos, CH-69Q1 Lug emo. 


5TH QN SEDE taring Notes Dane 
l/2ffudtoLdCT])ex possible, renovat- 
ed buadfaa T* 433 35 59 from 

Yoeht based bi Monte Coda Saints 
each wite bathroom Ter 6 American 
oqpictei & 2 aw. TetPS 30 31 80 / 
[9306 M 74 Tbe 45^3 Brian MC 

[DJLSi. Yodhten, Named Service. 
The bast in Ihe Wed Medtertcncan. 
G&Bra&gl131 4779. 

HELLAS YAOHIMG. Yarfi Chart n 
Acodeneat28>Atiiens 10671, Greece. 







From fans OmWay RwttlS* 

New York 

Los Angeles 



Monbed _ 

and more (Hli iitiow - 1 
.15% risoouni on Id das 
PARS tab 11) 221 46 9* 

(Cor. lie. 1502) 



Of Refit 



NY |1», a£go W |?90, LA. 520B 



Al tehedufed fSghs. Paris ffiTstf- 
But prim for toon from Peris at 


London 1 one way from F225/US25 
rfee-Loodotv • "®y freff 

F690/USP5. far boofaciM carerf 
U3T Voyages *6 roe de w 
75006 Pam, T | 

aid lOmd. .. 

hitt{Mira -Teb (938734V : j, ’J.'. 

London from F22S(US$25.ii 

329 'RS 00 
10 rue dt 

;r, . - 

'in '