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INTERNATIONAL 


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Democrats Threaten 4 Nations 
With Tariffs on Exports to U.S. 


By Hobart Rowen 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Key Demo- 
crats in Congress have introduced 
legislation to force Japan, Brazil, 
Taiwan and South Korea to trim 
their trade surpluses with the Unit- 
ed Suites or race stiff new tariff 
penalties. 

The legislation, submitted 
Wednesday to the Senate and 
scheduled to be introduced Thurs- 
day in the House, is expected to 
serve as the battleground this fall 
over the growing demand to pro- 
tect American jobs. 

The Reagan administration de- 
nounced the legislative proposal as 
‘‘protectionist” and threatened a 
veto if it passed Congress. Private- 
ly. administration officials ex- 
pressed concern that some version 
of thb bill would be approved and 
some wondered whether there 
might be enough votes to override a 
veto. 

The legislation would require the 
four countries to cut trade surplus- 
es with the United States by 5 per- 
cent of 1984 figures, or Face a puni- 
tive 25-perceni additional tariff on 
all exports to- the United States 
beginning OcL 15, 1986. 

The bill also would require the 
United States to charge both Japan 
and the European Community with 
unfair trade practices in proceed- 
ings before international trade 
bodies, and mandate action to low- 
er die value of the dollar. The deci- 
sion-making authority for trade po- 
licy would be taken away from the 
president and centralized in the 
U.S. States Trade Representative. 

The main authors of the bill in- 
clude Representative Dan Rosten- 
kowski. Democrat of Illinois and 
c hairman of the House Ways and 
Means Committee; Representative 
Richard A. Gephardt of Missouri, 
a key figure in the Democratic 



Dan Rostenkowsld 

Leadership Council; and Senator 
Lloyd Bentsen of Texas, ranking 
Democrat on the Senate trade sub- 
committee. 

They emphasized Wednesday 
that they were responding to a de- 
teriorating situation they said was 
costing johs in the United States at 
a time, Mr. Bentsen said, of “ap- 
parent paralysis of U.S. trade po- 
licy." 

They insisted that the legislation 
was not protectionist, but repre- 
sented the minimum Congress 
could do to block protectionist 
measures such as stria quotas. 

“This is a kind of last call from 
co ng ressional moderates for a sen- 
sible, hard-hitting response to trad- 
ing partners who have run up ex- 
cessive surpluses,” Mr. 
Rostenkowski said. 

The bill was denounced by Trea- 


sury Secretary James A, Baker 3d 
as “protectionist legislation of the 
rankest kind” 

Clayton K. Yeutier. U.S. trade 
representative, said: “It’s the worst 
of all worlds. It is patently anti- 
consumer, undermines the interna- 
tional trading system, and invites 
retaliation (hat would cost jobs.” 

The proposed “Trade Emergen- 
cy and Export Promotion Act” 
would set up a statistical definition 
of “excessive trade surpluses" with 
the United States. 

Japan and Brazil also would be 
required to trim their global trade 
surpluses to avoid the new U.S. 
duo/. The global trigger was includ- 
ed to avoid the concern that Japan, 
for example, might import more 
from the United Slates but com- 
pensate by reducing its imports 
from Third World neighbors in 
Asia. 

Although a section-by-section 
description or the bill claimed that 
the initial 5-percent reduction in 
surpluses it would require was a 
modest and feasible “turnaround 
target," other data supplied by the 
sponsors showed that the required 
reduction would be much more se- 
vere in the case of Japan. 

Japan’s $37-biHian trade surplus 
with the United States in 1984 is 
projected to reach $45 billion to 
$50 billion tins year, and the de- 
scriptive material said that Japan 
would have to cut iu surplus by S14 
billion to lower its defiat by 5 per- 
cent below the $37-bflIion. stan- 
dard. A SI 4-billion cut from $45 
billion to $50 billion is 28 to 31 

percent. 

Sponsors of the bill made clear 
that their major goal was to press 
the president to step up the admin- 
istration’s efforts to get greater ad- 
vantages for American exporters, 
especially in the Japanese market, 

(Continued on Page 2, Cot- f) 




Chancellor Hefannt Kohl at die start of Thursday's hearing. 


Kohl, at Hearing , Rejects Charges 
He Arranged Illegal Pony Donations 



By William Drozdiak 

Washington Past Service 

BONN — Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl rejected claims Thursday that 
he was mvolved in ar ranging illegal 
donations to the Christian Demo- 
crat Union during his tenure as 
party chair man and premier in his 
home state of Rhineland-Palati- 
nate. 

Displaying nashes of anger and 
impatience, Mr. Kohl testified at a 
corruption inquiry' in the state par- 
liament in Mainz that he had no 
knowledge of a m u! limillion-d oflar 
tax evasion scheme in which com- 
panies avoided taxes on political 
donations by laundering funds 
through charity front organiza- 
tions. 

During a two-and-a- half- hour 
interrogation, Mr. Kbhl repeatedly 
insisted that he could not recall 
contacts with managers of several 
companies who acknowledged in 
written notes, that they consulted. 
Mr. Kohl on methods of payment 
at various times in the past two 
decades. 

The state parliament is scrutiniz- 
ing allegations that the Christian 
Democrats received more than the 
equivalent erf $73 million in illegal 


donations between 1969 and 1980. 
Mr. Kohl served as party chairman 
from 1966 to 1973 and as state 
premier from 1969 to 1976. 

The Mainz inquiry is distinct 
from separate national investiga- 
tions into illegal party financing 
and the so-called “Fiick affair" in 
which senior politicians have been 
accused of taking bribes from the 
Flick industrial group in return for 
favorable tax legislation. 

The former economics minister, 
Otto Lambsdorff, is due to go on 
trial later this month on corruption 
charges arising from the Flick scan- 
daL 

Mr. Kohl who appeared tense 
and nervous at the start of Thurs- 
day’s hearing, rebuffed persistent 
questioning from opposition Social 
Democrats and denied any memo- 
ry of conversations aEcgafly held 
with business executives regarding 
political contributions. 

“This is an absolute imposition 
and you are taking : p my time. ' 
the chancellor said’ at one stage in 
the interrogation. “You are trying 
to construct connections where evi- 
dence for them amply does not 
exist" 

Mr. Kohl said ,all major political 


parties had “sinned” by honoring 
the wishes of some donors to re- 
main anonymous. He contended 
that he was never aware that chari- 
ty fronts were used to coDecl politi- 
cal donations. 

The chancellor emphasized that 
be always sought to distinguish be- 
tween his government and party 
roles: He said he dropped any in- 
volvement in organizing party 
funds once he became state pre- 
mier. 

But later he conceded that a re- 
quest for party donations was writ- 
ten on the stale premia’s statio- 
nery in 1969, shortly after his 
election, was “certainly not m or- 
der.” 

Despite the lingering controver- 
sy over corruption charges, Mr. 
RoM and his party do not appear 
to have suffered significantpditi- 
cal damage from the parry financ- 
ing investigations. The evidence 
^gathered by the •state cotwnfrtee 
does not appear sufficient to impli- 
cate Mr. Kohl directly in the al- 
leged tax fraud, and it does not 
seem likely that he will be charged 
with committing any illegal ac- 
tions. 


M. Berry 

Vaskrrgtcm Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The slug- 
gish U.S. economy, hurt by the ris- 
ing’ trade deficit, grew at a weak 
1.7-percent annual rate in the sec- 
ond quarter, the Commerce De- 
partment reported Thursday. 

The gain shown in the prelimi- 
nary estimte for the gross national 
product, after adjustment For infla- 
tion, was substantially lower than 
the 311-petcent estimate several 
weeks ago in the department’s 
“flash" figure. 

The downward revisioa was due 
primarily to grater weakness in 
trade than had been expected and 
to businesses adding to their inven- 
tories more slowly. 

While forecasters expect some- 
what faster growth in the second 
half of the year, there is no sign of it 
yet, according to private and Rea- 
gan administration economists. 

Real GNP rote at a 0.3-percent 
rate in the first quarter. Thus, in the 
past six months the economy has 
been expanding at a 1 -percent an- 
nual rate, far below the 4-percral 
rate predicted by the administra- 
tion m its forecast last winter. In 
the latest four quarters, growth has 
been only 1.9 percent. 

In a separate report issued 
Thursday, the Federal Reserve said 
that industrial production rose 0.1 
percent in June, the same as the 
month before. The slight increase 
underscored the difficulties the oar 
tion’s goods-produdng industries 
were fadng became of (he worsen- 
ing trade deficit, analysts said. 

The White House, -which' often, 
issues a statement about changes in 
major economic indicators, had no 
comment about the GNP figures. 

Commerce Secretary Malcolm 
Baldrige said that the latest esti- - 
mates indicated “some pickup in 
production from a flat first quarter. 

The gain, however, was less than 
estimated a month ago, primarily 
reflecting downward revisions in 
inventory investment arid net ex- 
ports.” 

Mr. Baldrige said the estimated 
real volume of exports last quarter 
fell at ati annual rate of l£5 per 


120 per- 
at a 1.4- 


perceni annual rate. 

“We continued to consume and 
invest more than we produced, with 
foreign suppliers making up the 
difference,* he said. 


.Meanwhile, ;in another day of 
testimony before Congress, Paul A. - 
' VcJcker, the FederaT Reserve chair- 
man, warned that the United 
Staies,“inavery realsmraalmost 
can’t afford" to try to reverse the 
trade deficit by means of a cheaper 
dollar without simultaneously re- 
ducing the federal budger deficit 

Mr, Volcker said that if the trade 

The dollar rebounded Thursday 
in New York. Page- 11. - 

deficit fell . so would the inflow of 

down LJ^inieresi rates^n^ pres- - 
sure on-rcredit markets is not re- 
lieved by cutting the budget deficits 
when that foreign capital slows 
dovm, then interest rates co uld rise 
again. _ . 

He indicated that a sharp dedine 
in the dollar could endanger the 
central bank’s anti-inflationary, 
policies. 

His. remarks helped stabilize the 
dollar’s value Thursday on foreign 
exdiange markeis. lt has drafted 
about- 12 percent since February. - : 

An administration economist 
said the surge in money-supply 
growth in the past nine months 
.should get the economy moving, “I 
lode for it almost any day,”he said. 
“It’s a question erf tome.* 

■ GNP Leak Reported 

■■ Commerce Department offidals 
said Thursday that. advance word 
on the GNP waa disclosed to the . 
financial community about 17 
hours before it was officially re- ; 
leased Thursday morning The As- 
sociated Press reported from ' ' 
Washington. ... - : 

.Mr. Baldrige said the disclosure, 
was bong investigated by the de- 
partment’s inspector geaaaL .. 

The government goes to great 
lengths to ensure that economic re- 
ports are not released eariybecanse- 
Of potential impact on financial • 
markets. • - • - ■ 

- Mr. Baldrige saidhe had rio evi- * 
derm that adyzurce word on toe - 
GNP report c 

trading Wednesday afternoon, at ' 
though there was a ratty nrtbe New - 
York bond market late in the day. 
Bonds often gain-investors’ favor 
after reports of weak economic ac- 
tivity in the betid! that interest rates 
wfll falL • 


Reagan Test Urged in March, Doctor Says 


A bos stoned dining the unrest Thursday crashed into a Soweto home when the driver lost 
control. The driver was reported seriously injured, but no one in the house was hurt 

Violence Erupts in Soweto a 2d Day 


Reuters 

JOHANNESBURG — Violence 
rupted Thursday for the second 
msecutive day in Soweto, South 
frica’s largest black township, po- 
x said. 

South African authorities report- 
arson and stoning in townships 
oughout South Africa on Thurs- 
• but said the worst trouble took 
x in Soweto, outside Johannes- 
%, Police used tear gas and rub- 
mullets to disperse youths there. 

. black person was killed by 
e and two others were critical- 
Hinded in the Soweto violence. 
Tidal at the Baragwanath Hos- 


pital in Johannesburg said Thurs- 
day, A grace France-Prcsse report- 
ed. 

]The authorities would not con- 
firm the report, but the hospital's 
superintendent said that three per- 
sons had been admitted with gun- 
shot wounds, and that one of them 
was dead. The two others were in 
critical condition, he said} 

Soweto's police commander, Jan 
Coetzee, said gasoline bombs had 
been thrown at two policemen’s 
homes; youths burned and stoned 
cars, ana a policeman’s vehicle and 
firearm had been stolen. 

There has been little violence in 


Soweto recently during the nation- 
wide racial unrest, which has 
claimed more than 450 lives in 17 
months. Riots in 1976 that began 
with a Soweto school boycott 
spread nationwide and nearly 600 
people died as a result. 

In the eastern Cape region, Ivan 
Krige, the mayor of Port Elizabeth, 
said that a boycott by black shop- 
pers. called by community groups 
to protest police and army actions 
in their townships, bad created a 
“desperately urgent" crisis. 

Mr. Krige said he had appealed 
to the minister oT law ana order, 

(Coatinued on Page 2, CoL 7) 


INSIDE 

'estern Europe's Eureka 
-technology project got 
ous encouragement from 
usxness worm. Page 1 

-aident Reagan is expect 
et with the Soviet foreign 
er in September. Page 3. 

hoped to study 
flown to 
n by defectors from Af- 
W Page 4. 

£ND 

Festival in Jordan 
u quietly moving into 
EZsague erf international 
p/ak PageS 

FvS/FINANCE 

| ai arie St Co. and Moa- 
jyof the United States 
toerge. Page IL 

n Corp. reported sec- 
profit of $596.4 
Page 11. 


Li Boston, Real Downer 

Beacon Hitt Sinking as Pilings Rot 

Eveiyone is hoping it’s not their 
building first.” 

Cameron Lane, a member of the 
Beacon FEU Civic Association, an 
umbrella group of neighborhood 
organizations, said: “The feding is 
guarded panic. People want to 
know how they are going to pay for 
the repairs, because this isn't cov- 
ered by homeowner's insurance.” 
Lower Beacon Hill and the 
neighboring Back Bay area were 
created between 1825 and 1870 by 
fitting in part of Boston Harbor 
around an existing MU. The State- 
house sits on the original, more 
solid hilL 

The damage to the thousands of 
wooden pilings is especially evident 
near the base of Beacon Hill, where 
foot-wide (30-centimeter) cracks 
have split open the foundations of 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 6) 


The A ssociated Press 

BOSTON — Parts of the historic 
neighborhood of Beacon Hitt, with 
its 56- mfllin n mansions and quaint 
gaslit streets, are sinking. 

The wooden pilings supporting 
the Iowa sections of Beacon Hill 
and the Back Bay area are rotting 
and crumbling because of an unex- 
plained drop in Boston’s ground- 
water level that has exposed the 
pilings to the air. 

Qty officials asked Governor 
Michael S. Dukakis of Massachu- 
setts on Wednesday to have the 
area declared a federal disaster site. 

Seventeen homes on one street 
were recently condemned, and en- 
gineers are watching 285 others. 

“In the worst case, virtually ev- 
ery building could come down,” 
said David Scondras, a city coun- 
cilor. u It would be a catastrophe. 


By Lawrence K. Altman 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — A medical 
team that examined President Ron- 
ald Reagan recommended in 
March. that he receive a thorough 
exa m i n ation of his colon as soon as 
possible, the team's leader has as- 
serted. The doctor's statement in- 
tensified a debate over the timing 
of Mr. Reagan's cancer treaimem. 

The White House contended in 
response that there had been no 
recommendation of urgency for a 
colonoscopic examination in Lhe 
written report submitted by the 
team. 

Mr. Reagan did not receive such 
an examination until last Friday, 
when surgeons at the Beihesda Na- 
val Medical Crater outside Wash- 
ington discovered a polyp that 
proved to be cancerous. 

Since that lime the question of 
whether the colonoscopy and sur- 
gery should have been performed 
in March has been debated among 
physicians. 

Contributing to the debate, a 
vice president of the American 
Cancer Society said that Mr. Rea- 
gan's physicians had misinterpret-, 
ed the society’s guidelines for when 
extensive testing for polyps should 
be done. The president’s physicians 
cited the guidelines among their 
reasons for nor having performed 
an earlier colonoscopy. 

Dr. Arthur I. Hollub, the society 
official said that the guidelines “do 
not apply to individuals in the stat- 
ed age group who may have bleed- 
ing or the presence or a polyp." 

The physician who said his medi- 
cal team had catted for prompt ac- 
tion in March is Dr. "WSlTerW. 
Karney, a navy captain and the 
internist at the Beihesda hospital 
wbo~£bCrdinated the president's 
annual physical examinations in 
1984 and 1985. 

He said in an interview that Dr. 
Edward Cattau, a gastroenterolo- 
gist who was a member of the ex- 
amining team, “strongly urged" af- 
ter the examination in March that 
Mr. Reagan be given a colonoscopy 
“as soon as possible.” 

Dr. Karney declined to say 
whether a four-month delay could 
be considered “as soon as possi- 
ble.” Dr. Cattau could not be 
reached for comment. 

Larry Speakes, the White House 
spokesman, defended the decision 
not to conduct a colonoscopy until 
this month, and he strongly denied 
that White House physicians had 
ignored recommendations that 
they should have acted sooner. 



US. Shows 
Irritation on 
Peres 'Veto’ 


WASHINGTON — The State 
Departmentjrcspoiided with irrita- 
tion Thursday to the rejection by 
Israel of a list of Palestinians pro- 
posed far talks with the United 
States on the Middle East peace 
prooess. ' 

Jordan has given ihe United 
States a fist of Palestinians tt wants 
to be part of a Jordanian-Palestin- 
ian group that would meet UiL 
officials. Prime Minister ’ Shimon 
Peres said Wednesday thelist was 
not acceptable. 

A department spokesman, Rob- 
ert Smalley, dismissed the idea of 
an Israeli veto an - the 1 names' but 
said that Washington would do 


President 
House chief 


, center, and the White 

center near Washington. 


President, Recovering, Gets Solid Food in Diet 


The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — President Ronald Reagan, 
five days after his cancer surgery, was put on a diet 
Thursday that included his first solid foods in eight 
days and had the staples binding his abdominal 
incision replaced with adhesive strips. 

Continuing the upbeat reports on Mr. Reagan's 
health, the chief White House spokesman, Larry 
Speakes. said the president was taken off antibiot- 
ics and was receiving do medication. 

Jell-0 for breakfast, and hi luncheon menu catted 


for soup, bread, crackers and pudding. Mr. 
Speakes said Mr. Reagan's dinner would be a 
“feast of baked chicken and rice.” 

The resumption of solid foods indicated the Mr. ' 
Reagan's digestive process, interrupted by the sur- 
gery, was returning to normal 
Mr. Reagan was described as bring in high 
spirits and joking about, reports circulating in fi- 
nancial markets in Singapore and Europe that he 
had died. 

“Somebody must be trying to make a buck,” the 
president was quoted as saymg Wednesday.' 


He also defended the White 
House's efforts to limit interviews 
with the president's doctors and 
called speculation on his medical 
treatment “distastefuL" 

Mr, Speakes strongly criticized 
critics erf Mr. Reagan’s medical 
care, saying that the president and 
his wife, Nancy, did not want Mr. 
Reagan’s doctors to latte to report- 
ers because they fdt very strongly 
about the confidentiality of the 
doctor-patient relationship. 

Dr. Korney's account was given 
outside the strict ground rules set 
by the White House for the release 
of information. It was the first such 
account that cast light on the ques- 


tion of whether physicians or 
White House officials had delayed 
too long in carrying out the crucial 
medical test. 

One of the contentions of critics 
is that if the cote mMe o py had bran 
done earlier, the cancerous polyp 
might have been detected before 
the malignant cells had broken 
through the inner bowel fining. The 
degree of invasion into the bowel 
wall, is a crucial measure in deter- 
mining the prognosis of a patient 
with colon cancer. 

Dr. Karney said the final medi- 
cal decision on what tests or treat- 
ments the president should under- 
go was toe responsibility of the 


White House physician and his 
medical associates. 

He raid each specialist on the 
examining team for the annual 
physical exams prepared a report 
outlining his opinion of the medical 
findings and subnutted it to the. 
team coordi n a to r, Dt.Kamey, who 
that forwarded them to the "white 
House physicians. 

Mr. Speakes said that hehadT. 
been told by ail thrra While House 
doctors Wednesday that although 
Dr. Cattau had recommended aco* 
lonoscopic examination, the rec- 

(Contimed on Page 3, CoL 2) ; 


eTs goal of direct Arab-Israd peace 
M gfth'ah'nnt ' 

Mir. Smalley said that the U.S. 
decision on a meeting “will be tak- 
en in the light of consultations with 

our friends in the area but it win be 
.our decision.”' 

Jfc said that “the question of a 
veto over our derisions by. one or 
another of the parties lias come up. 
This is not the way we proceed." - 

The statement made dear Wash- 
ingtpn’s initation at Mr. Peres’s 
swift public rejection of the lisl.on 
Israeli television and the disclosure 
<rf names said to be on the list by 
Israel's state-run radio. 

Progress in the peaceprocess had 
to be baseckm mutual trust and foil 
confidence and required “a certain 
amount of discretion,” Mr: Smalley 
said, 

Mr. Smalley said there would be 
many incremental steps toward the 
goal of (fireci negotiations between* 
Israel and the Jordanians and Pal-, 
esrinians 

**We should all txy to step backa 
bit, and not try, to react to each . 
individual event or occurrence as if - 
it were somehow outside the pro- 
cess," he said. . 

Any rteps would bejudged in the 
light of toe goal of direct Arab-ls-' 
raeO peace-talks; Mr. Smalley said. 

“If something will help^ pro- 
cess, we wiE.do it,” he sakL it 
mBhmder the goal of direct nego- 
tiations,., (hat obviously is some- 
thmgwe Will try to avoid."" 
r .TfcideaofaU.S.meetiagwtha 
jomt Jordanian-Palffitinjan delega- 
tom was proposed by Jordan and 

Egypt 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


Elections 
In Belgium 
Scheduled 
For Oct 13 


The Associated P/ext 

BRUSSELS — Prime Minister 
Wflfried Manats, who offered ids 
government’s resignation earlier 
this week, said Thursday that gm- 
eral elections would be held Oct 
13, about two months earlier than 
originally scheduled. 

Speaking no the Chandler of 
Representatives, the lower bouse of 
Parliament, the prime minister also 
announced a scaled-down legisla- 
tive agenda for the final weeks at 
the government’s existence. 

The crisis arose because of a dis- 
pute over the government's han- 
dling of a soccer riot May 29 in 
Brussels in which 38 persons were 
killed and more than 450 injured. 

As a formality. King Baudouur 
must approve the date of the gener- 
al election, which originally had 
been set for Dec. 8. 

The election date was changed 
because of a crisis that broke out 
Monday when Deputy Prime Min- 
ister Jean Gol submitted his resig- 
nation and five other cabinet mem- 
bers from his party followed him. 

Mr. Gol acted because of the 
refusal of the interior minister, 
Oiarles-Ferdinand Nothomb, to 
step down in acknowledgment of 
responsibility for the security oper- 
ations at the stadium Mine die 
soccer riot broke oat The interior 
ministry is in charge of all police 
forces. 

On Tuesday, with his four-party 
coalition fractured. Mr. Martens 
offered to dissolve die government, 
but the long refused to accept the 
coalition's resignation. Mr. Mar- 
tens was instructed by the king to 
set out a limited legislative agenda 
and to continue in office with the 
same of ministers. 

. The cabinet win ask Parliament 
to act on two main programs — 
jobs and taxes, postponing a deri- 
sion on a constitutional reform and 
ranrriing the summer’s usual bud- 
get drafting exercise. 

In his address Thursday to Par- 
liament, Mr. Martens made a refer- 
ence to the squabble between Mr. 
Gol and Mr. Nothomb that nearly 


‘‘Even when no political mistake 
has been made, a politician may 
judge that his moral duty is to re- 
sign.” Mr. Martens said. “He also 
can opt for the contrary. 1 see that 
the interior minis ter made the sec- 
ond choice. It’s up to him.” 

The prime minis ter said the gov- 
ernment's remaining tasks were 
limited but important, because 
“decisions are needed to pursue the 
country’s economic and social re- 
covery and complete the constitu- 
tion reform" giving more powers to 
linguistic regions. 

Mr. Martens said the program 
would be limited toonebm aimed 
at creating more jobs and another 
cutting taxes by 75 billion Belgian 
francs ($13 bOhon) over four years. 

■ The lower house began debating 
the program Thursday afternoon, 
■with the Senate to take it up Friday. 
Both houses were expected to 
adopt it this week. 

Trade Tariffs 
Proposed 

(Continued from Page I) 
and to convince Japan that greater 
. access to its market was the only 
• way to avert a punitive tax. 

A dminis tration officials concede 
..that sentiment is growing on Capi- 
tol HU for direct action to restrain 
imparts, even though the main fac- 
tor in generating the United States-’ 
$123-biQion trade deficit last year 
was an overvalued dollar triggered 
by the budget deficit. 

An administration source said: 
“We’re really in a weak position. 
The trade deficit will continue to 
grow, maybe to $150 billion this 
year. And Congress wfll keep say- 
ing that we in the administration 
aren't doing anything. The big 
question is whether we would have 
enough votes to override a veto." 

When the U.S. trade deficit ex- 
ceeds 13 percent of the gross na- 
tional product, countries with a 
two-way trade of at least $7 billion 
would be subject to an extra 25- 
percent tariff if their bilateral trade 
surpluses with the United States, or 
surpluses with the whole world, ex- 
ceed what the bill considers reason- 
able amounts. In 1984 the U-S. 
trade deficit was 3.4 percent of the 
GNP. 

There are two possible “triggers" 
exposing individual countries to 
the extra tariff: global expons ex- 
ceeding 150 percent of their global 
imports;, or exports to the United 
Slates ova .165 percent of a coun- 
try's imports from the United 
States. Petroleum trade is excluded 
from the calculations. 

The next test to be applied is 
whether countries with .surpluses 







Industrialists, Banks WORLD BRIEFS 

Welcome European Outburst Delays Trial in Papal Plot 

m 1 1 T 1 ROME (TJPI) — Tbejadge presiding over the papal conspiracy case 

I Ponnnlmrv ■ rOPT 3 Hl suspended Thursday's session after a tense -attnqr [ * 
X Cl/lUlUlUgJ X X Ugi u shouting match with the prosecutwn’s principal witness, Mehroct Ah 

% Axel Krause • Orientation of projects to the severino Santiapichi lectured Valerio Yiandlo, the defense 

international Hmld Tribune requirements of civilian markets, a^omey for Musa SereiarCele&i, and stopped the exdtanges by saspend- 

PARIS — Leading West Europe- • Assurances ttat industrialists ■ Mr. Agfa, four oiher TbiksandtineeBoIgarians are 

an industrial corporations and and bankers would play the major ^ ^ f OT conspincy in the May 13, 1981, assassin atio n attempt against 
banks, as wefi as VS. investor, role in stabljsMng prcgects. Pope John Panl EL . 

save rantinuc Mipnnrgsmrat “We IOUDU tllfi Q C CI S lQnS 01 tu£ it* — «4u»n Mr Aon an ft Mr Griebi WfiKthrillB OTCS- 





gave cautious encouragement *Wc found the 


began when Mr. Agsaand Mr. Cdebi were being ques- 


US. research into space defense form 
and competition from Japan. spok 
Eureka was unanimo usly ap- Dutc 
proved by foreign and research Eimfl 


spokesman for K.V. Philips, the $ $400,000 ‘in Deutsche marks to loll the pope. Mir. 

Duteh electronics company of hejj by Turkish authorities alter lus release by Bulgaria. 


■ intermediary in the plot. Mr. Agca said, Mr. Cdcba. 


proved by foreign and research Eindhoven. 

minis ters from 17 countries at a Philips is interested to four of the 


him the 
jefenfcis 


The principals in Belgium’s political crisis, shown at a recent news conference, are, from 
left, interior Minister Chanes-Fenfinand Nothomb, the former deputy prime minister, 
Jean Gd, whose resignation set off the ttmnofl, and Prime Minister WOfried Martens. 

Nokosone’s European Visit Failing 
To Calm Fears Over Trade Deficit 


ministers from 1 / countries at a ramps, u> uucnsuu iuwiu ui iw __ — n _■* q j_tt C 

meeting Wednesday in Paris, five sectors outlined for develop- JjaTCOg WaillS rand lO MllOY l.S.TaCt 

K'fS 4 '™' 0, MANILA (UPI) — Preside FadmmdE Mucus called 71nusd» 

AgWSS Manila Clart Air ^ Dcf^ 


commission, who will 
important role in coot 


.ying an AG of West Germany, General 
itmg re- Electric Co. of Britain, and Thom- 


trtment considers them vital to Western defense. 

have tny own ideas.aboui this whole thing on ntiKn 


Revtm The Japanese put the deficit at Most EC governments recognize 

BRUSSELS — Prune Minister $10 billion, but EC officials said that Mr. Nakasone probably tad 
Yasuhiro Nakasone arrived Thurs- this was distorted by the inclusion done more than any of ms prede- 
day in Brussels on the last leg of a of Japanese imports of non-EC cessors to open up the Japanese 
tour that has apparently done little gold, which is mainly bought in market and has removed many of 
to f-altw European Community London. the tariff barriers. 

But promises of easing such non- 
tariff barriers as the highly exdu- 


the end of the meeting Thursday, 
the participants committed their 
governments to “encouraging and 
promoting the. elaboration of con- 
crete projects by industry and re- 
search centers from the different 
countries, as well as devising suit- 
able methods of funding." 

They agreed to meet again in 


art? Do we realty ren. 
are things that would 


facilities^ Mr. 
iflcgc during a 
“Do we really 
tegotiateanew 
I bear studying 


ation of con- dude others, company officials 
iistry and re- said. 

the different “Our intention is to keep Eureka 


The U3L House voted last week to cut the Reagan administration 
quest for $100 million in military aid to the Philippines in 1986 to $25 
iiiion, while Trtcre» is> Ti g economic aid from. $95 munon to $155 million. 


tour that tas apparently done little 
to calm European Community 
worries over its huge trade defiat 
with Japan. 

Mr. Nakasone visited Paris and 
Rome earlier and is to return borne 


The EC has already decided to 


reriew economic ties with Japan £e go^Tritau^raS- 


Most EC governments recognize West Geriany before Nov^ 15 to ogy, not components, md we also “ 

at Mr. Nakasone probably tad “lake new initiatives." would tike to see some sort of gov- exchange for Washmgton sure of basesm tta Philippines. 

me more than any of his prede- The meeting ended with a con- em menial or Common Market 

arket and°Sas removed many of French and British delegates that spokesman added. ' the philips jjqjjji Jists 82 Tainted Austrian Wines 
e tariff barrios. agreement on the organization and Pehr G. GyBenhammar, chair- BONN (Reuters) — The Health Ministry issued Thursday a list of 82 

But promises of easing such non- financing of projects would be dif- man erf Sweden’s Volvo automobile Austrian wines shown by tests to.coniain the illegal sweetener dieihy- 
riff barriers as the highly exdu- ficult France pledged l billion group, said in a statement issued Ieue-glycoi a toxic chemical in vehicle anti-freeze. 
tc goods-dismbuiion arrange- francs (about $116 million) in gov- through a spokesman: “Eureka, West German and Austrian authorities said after a meeting in Bonn 
cuts have not produced tangible eminent subsidies and loans, but while stiD only a sketch, which that the list, based on 192 positive tests, was provisional and warned h 


tvome earner aco is io reiurn uome tri h* mfWrwH hv whaf u»»b uns «u. wuuc suu umy a tnat roe list, Daseo on m positive ics 

Saturday after talks with Belgian TrSot^^a tcsuks ’ 1 ? Dd competitive pan- no other country followed the needs to be completed in a practi- wou ld have to be coastantly updated, 

and EC Commission officials. me ^ sures ) y spo-uu qoo of European industry was get- French example. cal way and financed, is construe- Thousands of liters of Austrian wine 


import targets rather than simp ly 
pledging to accept more goods as 
Mr. Nakasone tas already done, 
they said. 


and K Commission officials. n^qp of mrasures to 
EC diplomats said the results of t * to be ‘ 

Mr. Nakasone stour were not like-, moa ^ 
ly to dissuade the commission pres- 
ident, Jacques Delors, from talcrng EC diplomats sail 
a tough line. would insist the meat 

They said that he would demand tillable. Tokyo shot 
that Tokyo take tangible steps to import targets rathe 
open its markets to foreign prod- pledging to accept n 
ucts, so far largely excluded by Mr. Nakasone has i 
non tariff restrictions. they said. 


New Battles 
End Beirut’s 
Brief Respite 

United Press International 

BEIRUT — Fighting resumed 
between Moslem and Christian mi- 
litiamen in Beirut Thursday as Leb- 
anese authorities tried to carry out 
a Syrian-backed security plan for 
the Beirut airport, officials said. 

Defense Minister Add Ossdran 
and a 13-member coordinating 
committee supervising the Syrian 
plan met and renewed a demand 
that militiamen withdraw from the 
airport, south of the city. 

In the first stage of the security 
plan, militiamen in West Beirut, 
which is largely Moslem, pul on 
civilian dothes instead of fatigues. 

Under the plan for the airport, 
the committee said, regular police- 
men would patrol ihe road to the 
airport, and that one Syrian would 
have responsibility for the airport 


tion of European industry was get- French example. cal way and financed, is construe- Thousands of liters of Austrian wine have bear seized since the 9candal 

:c ting worse, diplomats said. Upbeat yet cautious executives tive. We are in principle agreed to broke last week, threatening the Austrian wine industry with ruin, 

tas that ts due to be disclosed this Japancse ^ they of ihe privately owned European participate." have also been tamed in the 

monuL have a long way to go to satisfy companies and banks said they Volvo, which generates less than Netherlands and Switzerland, and East German authorities have been 

EC diplomats said Mr. Delors their trading partners in* Europe planned to participate in establish- half its annual sales outride auto- warned to check imports, 

would insist the measures be quart- and in the United States, where ing and financing Eureka programs making, is interested in biotechnol- 

tifiahte. Tokyo should fix higher criticism erf their trading practices but that they also would insist on ogy, the fifth area designated for- _ < _ _ _ • 

import targets rather than simply is growing in Congress. But they the following: development under Enreka auspic- DelcffRtBS CrfticizC MaUTCCII R eagan 


say their country is being blamed 


e following: development under Eureka a 

• Continued political support by es, as well as new materials. 


for matters largely outride its con- individual European governments of-the-art factory production and 


^ Delegates Criticize Maureen Reagan 


and the European Co mmissio n. 



of-the-art factory production and NAIROBI (Reuters) — A gromp of American defnates at a United 
aerospace technologies, Mr. GyF Nations women's conference said Thursday that President Ronald Rea- 
leahammar said gan’s daughter, Maureen, was not representative of the American women 

la Paris, Serge Dassault, chair- 81 «*» meeting! Ms. R<agan heads the 29-member trffiaal U S. dd^atian 
man of Eectroaiqoe Serge Das- at the confertnce, which is reviewing the achievement of the IW decade 

sault, a family-owned company for women. . 

specializing in advanced deefron- ^ 8 P^ 000 handed to the official delegation, the Women Oxahtion 
ics tedmotogy and that has dose for Nairobi said no member of the delegation was qualified to speak for 
ties to the French government, said American women. - , 

that he was ple£d that France Co P KS of *** P^on were not made avaflaMe to the press butthe 
had pledged l bOhon francs as a spokeswoman for the group, Alva Buxenbaum of New York, said: “We 
firet stepto finance Fiin-v a want to make it dear that Maureen Reagan doesn t represent the vast 

nn majority of United States women.” 


first step to finance Eur eka. 

Internal company studies on 
participating could now go for- 
ward , he said. He died robotics, 
artificial intelligence and electronic 
components as areas of coopera- 
tion. 

Reflecting U.S. institutional in- 


vestor interest in Eureka. J. Paul aims depots. 


For Ihe Record 

A West German woman who worked for the UX Army; Gisda Dutzi, 
33, was sentenced Thursday in Frankfurt to right and a half years in 
prison for helping to plan guerrilla attacks cm U.Si nrilitaiy bases and 


(Reiners) 




President Hosni Mirimrak of 
leader, review an honor guard 


Tlw Aoocxtal Pras 

, left, and Mengistn Halle Mariam, die Ethiopian 
the arrival of the Egyptian leader in Addis Ababa. 


Home, fust vice president of Smith . The popdarity of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her Cohser- 
Bamey, Harris Upfaam & Co^ a vatiw Party has slumped to its lowest lewd ever, aocordmg to a poO 
New York investment bank, said in published Thursday by The Daily Telegraph in Londtm. Sixty percent of 
Paris that he tad already received those interviewed said they were dissatisfied.^ ' —w. (UPI) 

several inquiries regarding Enrope- Fore^p Mtaster Eduard A. Shevardnadze of the .-Soviet Union will 
an ^rmpgnips that may join Enre- arrive in Hdrinki on July 29 for his first foreign trip since he assumed his 
ka, notably in the fields of special- post July 2. The occasion wiD be the lOlh anniversary of the Helsinki 
h >c d L indnstry-rdaled conqiuters. conferenceon European security and cooperation. - ■_ - (Roden) 
“U.S. investors also are looking Ld»eria has cut fiptomatic refations with the Soviet Union, the Fore^n 

at the possible bridge between Eu- Ministry in Monrovia said Thursday. The ministry said flat security 
reka and SDL” Mr. Home added, forces had arrested 14 students Wednesday for allegedly pasting on 
referring to the U.S. Strategic Do- classified mihtary information to Soviet Embassy officials. (Radas) 
fense Initiative. - Shaft Narwaz Khan Bhutto, 27, a son of tbe executed Prime Minister AH 

The U.S. . interest, the banker Bhutto of Pakistan, was foimd dead Thursday irL his apartment in 
said, stemmed from the fact that Cannes, France, police raid. They said they tad ordered an autopsy, 
companies involved in Eureka and although there was no evidence of fod play. (AFP) 


After the hijacking of the TWA _ 7 AOIA** r\ o • 

Si West Assailed as Africans Open Summit 

Reagan suspended limits for Leba- 

nese airliners to land in the United The Associated Pros chairman, succeeding President Julius K. Nyen 

States and he sought an interna- ADDIS ABABA — The Organization of Afti- of Tanzani a 

tionai boycott of the Bonn airport can Unity opened its 21st summit meeting Thurs- A preliminary statement by the African lead 
(A baa on all U.S. sales of airline day with a speech by the Ethiopian leader. Lieu- said that the economies of many countries wi 

tickets to Lebanon took effect tenant Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam, near collapse because of drought, debts, the effe 

Thursday as the White House cat- denouncing international banking institutions as of a global recession and. in addition, their cr 

dorsed the order. Reuters reported, “weapons of pressure and intervention." . policy failures. 

quoting a Transportation Depart- The meeting of the 50-nation OAU, scheduled Colonel Mengistu, a Marxist, said Africans mi 

meat spokesman. to continue through Saturday, is to be devoted to insist that foreign creditors reduce Africa’s de 

[Under the order, all foreign and Africa’s economic problems. President Abdou which is expected to exceed $170 billion by the e 

domestic airlines are prohibited Diouf of Senegal was elected to a one-year term as of the year. 


the newspaper Munno said Thursday. The drily, one/ 
sewspapeis in Uganda, said manycrita deaths were ^ ' . 
used by bad food. . (UPI) | 


exceeding the standards in the bill 
have unfair trade barriers. Unless 
the president dedans them free of 
unfair trade restrictions, the coun- 
try must cut its trade surplus 5 
percent below the 1984 level, then 
by 10 percent a year in the succeed- 
ing five-year life of the bill. 


UNIVERSITY 

DEGREE 


BACHB.CKS • MASTtfS • DOCTORATE 

For Work, Aeadamic, Ub E xp—iano. 
Send dslQUad resume 
tor free evaluation. 

PAOTC WESTERN UMVERS1TY 

600 N. seoutvedo Blvd. 

Los Anodes, California 
9004V, Dept. 23, U.&A. 



quoting a Transportation Depart- 
ment spokesman. 

[Under the order, all foreign and 
domestic airlines are prohibited 
from selling tickets in the United 
States with Lebanon as a destina- 
tion, even if the flights originate in 
another country and never enter 
the United States.] 
in the Beirut fighting, Christian 
and Moslem militiamen battled 
with artillery, rockets and mortars 
until a dawn cease-fire. 

One person was killed and six 
were wounded as shells crashed 
into apartment buildings and 
tames more than 12 utiles (20 kilo- 
meters) from the city center. 

Fighting resumed in the after- 
noon for several hours. 

■ US. University May dose 
The beard of trustees of the be- 

leagured American University of 
Beirut is to meet Friday in New 
York to discuss possible closure of 
the 1 1 9-year-old institution, offi- 
cials said Thursday, United Press 
International reported from Beirut. 

■ 4 Palestinians HeM 
Moslem militiamen said Thurs- 
day they tad detained four Pales- 
tinian guerrillas attempting to 
smuggle weapons, ammunition and 
money into Sidon, Reuters report- 
ed from the southern Lebanese 

coastal city. 

Four ]2Qmm mortars, 100 am- 
munition cases and what the mili- 
tiamen called a large amount of 
Lebanese and U.S. currency were 
reportedlyfound when a trade was 
searched near the city, site of the 
largest Palestinian camp in Leba- 
non. 


chairman, succeeding President Julius K. Nyercre 
of Tanzania. 

A preliminary statement by the African leaders 
said chat the economies of many countries were 
near collapse because of drought, debts, the effects 
of a global recession and. in addition, their own 
policy failures. 

Colonel Mengistu, a Marxist, said Africans must 
insist that foreign creditors reduce Africa’s debt, 
which is expected to exceed $170 billion by the end 
of the year. 


companies involved in Eureka and although ^tbere was no evidence of fool play.' (AFP) 

SDI would participate in develop- Eighteen innate dted in April and May at Uganda's Lozira government 

meat of similar technologies on prison in Kan^wla, the newspaper Munno said Thursday. The drily, one . 
both sides of the Atlantic; with of tta most reliable newspaper m Uganda, srid many orlhe deaths were f 
both civilian and military applies- caused by illness caused by bad food. . (UPI) 

•“2 s *. ..... „ r.. The Soviet Union offkuBy apologized Thursday for an incident in the 

Foragn Vumsto Hans-Dietach Bargn^ Sea last week in winch a Soviet Navy vessd^nt a srismolorical 

9« lscher tf ^ • cable from a Norwegian research ship* (AFP) 

delegates Wednesday: “Eureka is a ■ _ 

necessity, with or without SDI. Eu- — - : ~ - 

reka is neither a substitute for nor 

an alternative to SDL” _• 


Book Challenges Tito’s Hero Image 


, „ But another Tito Diographer, Phyl- 

LONDON — The reputation of Us Auty, condemned the work as 
jap BrazTito. the Yugoslav lead- biased. 


win Western admiration as an inde- Beacon ECU and Baric Bay on the 


Josip BrozTiio, the Yugoslav lead- biased. 

er who was widely regarded in the The Yugoslav Embassy in Lon- 
West as a wartime hero and world don also said that Miss Bdoff was 
statesman, has been attacked by a biased and that she had drawn cx- 


pendendy minded leader. 


Corrections 

The headline of an article Tburs- 
Roqoati Will day about BankAmerica Carp, er- 

UCcIvUli -B- 1 -1 1 1 roneouriy said that the company 

had earmngs in the second quarter. 

h Sinking MS*"” “ a S33S - 

(Continued from ftige 1) ^ some of ^ Jntema- 

several bufldiags, mid windows tionai Herald Tribune of July 18, a 
have popped out of tiwr frames, photograph of Sergei F. Akhro- 

Mr. Soondru. wta represeate incorrcc^ideatified as 

Beacon HUi and Back Bayxm the V. Ogarkov; The two men 



out of their frames. 


ndras, wta represents 


council, wrote Governor 


British writer as based largely on dusively from critical accounts, 
li^d distortions. Miss Beloff says her book is 

i he death of Marshal Tito m based on evidence from a range of 
May 1980 evoked expressions of sources, including dissidents, ex- 


ased. Miss Beloff, noting that the asking him to take the steps ncces- 

The Yugoslav Embassy in Lou- breach with Moscow was brief, sary to gel federal funds for repair- 
m also said that Miss Bdoff was says that Marshal Tito never ing the pilings. He has not received 
ased and that she had drawn ex- dropped his anti-Western rhetoric, a response, 
isively from critical accounts. In domestic policy, the writer A dry study showed that it 
Miss Beloff says her book is charges. President Tito’s experi- would cost homeowners about 
ised on evidence from a range of mem in self-management of enter- $250,000 each to replace the 170 to 


Nikolai V. Ogarkov. The two n 
are correctly identified at right 


Qgaikov 


regret and mourning in many 3es, published memoirs and also 
Western countries. He was praised German and British archives. 

Tta focus ofthe book is on Mar- 
oftbe for tmitying Yugo- ^ TlU) . s ^ „ cord> ^ pani . 


for World War II exploits as leader 
of the Partisans, for unifying Yugo- 
slavia, for resisting Stalin in 1948 
and for helping to organize the 
Nonaligned Movement between 
East and West 


i3 T° sans were widely credited with 
wa 8fog a valiant struggle against 
email between Nazis and their allies, and the 


prises bv their employees was 200 piles beneath each residence, B/MKw CUo A 

flawed. Most “socialized^ concerns and it would cost Boston $500,000 

fail to pay their way, she adds, and to install about 700 new wells to (Continued from Page 1) 
the self-management system is monitor the water level. Le Grange, to come to Pc 

partly at fault for Yugoslavia’s pro- Beacon Hill residents have start- Pimitwh to discuss the boycott. 


Violence Erupts in Soweto; 
Other Areas Report Arson 

(Co ntin ued from Page 1) babwe^ where he held a te 

Louis Le Grange, to come to Port. job. He srid that he tad cc 


. Howsver, Nora Beloff, a special- ^“'"“■^amlU.S.sup- 

icf nn Fit fm tf cove m a * 


sent heavy indebtedness, inflation ed an association to address the 
and unemployment problem, and the group has consid- 

Miss Auty, who had intelligence ered legal action against Boston. 


links with Marshal Tito during the Miss Lane of the Beacon HiD 
war, said Miss Beloff retied too Civic Association said that ndgh- 


ist on Eastern Europe, says in a ' M ff Mnlends ^ Mar _ heaviiv on the evidence of disillu- boApod readents were frustrated ■ Dutch Demand Is Accepted 

skmed. embittered emigres. and anm that a city agency tad South Africa tas agreed to re 


Elizabeth to direuss the boycott. South Africa to search for » 
Mr. Le Grange's office said that worfL Eta fonner wife, Hdena 
the minister bad agreed to meet stoocs, 37, who Was living in S 
Mr. Krige In Port Elizabeth, but no Africa, was detained abouf 
date had been set . . • same tune. r. 

■ n,rf/ 4 > riMMMi i- Aj M* Botha said that Mr: de: 

■ Dutch Demand Is Accepted was suspected of taipine A 


Lqgacy that he was a despot who V s Dor u on de - 

ejtated wartime tunnS^ o de- ***** but rather on 


stray rivals and later used the Non- 
aligned Movement to advance the 
interests of Communism and the 
Soviet Union. 


destroying anti-COmmunist rivals, 
particularly the royalist Chetnik 
forces, to prepare for a Communist 
takeover. 


Miss Bdoff, a former correspon- foe writer says, 

dent for The Observer, was ex- Maretal Tito even tned to stake a 


peiled from Yugoslavia last year ^ , 
while doing research, ae was ac- 2"*®?“, 


deal with the Ger mans so his Parti- 
sans could turn all their guns on the 


Chemiks, but Hitler refused. 

lure and has since, she says, been A review of Miss Beloff shook in 

branded by the Yugoslav police as The Observer suggested that she 
a spy. had gone too far in portraying 

Some reviewers welcomed her Marshal Tito as a wartime villain, 
book as an overdue reassessment. “Tta picture is not black and 
( white,” it said. 

I Miss Auty, an earlier Tito biog- 


Stoned, embittered emigres. ana angiy ary agency nan South Africa tas agreed to re- National GmgrcttSuemfiu' 

not r cp lac»d the rotting pilings turn to the Netherlands Embassy a pile anns^&uth Africa fa 

S ? X1 ? ^ wo ^ ercd Dutch dozen detained. on suspi- fight against the white-m 

C finionh'ct why little had been dotre to dgw- cbn of smuggling arms into £e government. J 

soviet Scientist Hcsa.dtoSoMl.Afric; 

• • o * -J .-r J tha said Thursday, The Associated scribes fnflv tntheunnfcih - 

Missing m Spam TXrJST tS 

Reuters has happened ance then," B . ut Mr. Botha said that South ing tta mviolabihty of di^ 

MADRID — Yladimir A Alex- The water level is dropping Africa expected the Dutch an thon- . premises," . j- 

androv. a member of the Soviet about two feet a year, and enp- to ™ eosiro that the man, ^ Botha sakt.taw^s 
Academy of Sciences specializing neere from the city’s Water and “* tun ow to Soulh Aftica ^ pointed- 

in the “nuclear wmier’ theory, has Sewer Commission and the Build- Soalh Afncan authonhes. for mat, Mr. de Jonge-was bonp- - 
bem missing since April, police ing Department are trying to find Mr. de Jonge attempted to es- with rnrn'mnl otloses 4- 


betm missing since April, police ing Department are trying to find 
and Soviet Embassy spokesmen out why, 
have announced. "The more we look into it the 

Police raid Wednesday that the more complicated it gets,” said 


Soviet Embassy tad asked for help Charles Button, chief engineer for 


g Department are tiying to find Mr. de Jonge attempted to es- with nrimmal offenses $- 
it why. cape police custody last week and Aims and Annnnnhion J 

‘The more we look into it, the had sought refuge at tta Duicfa _ v 
ore complicated it gets,’’ ai d Embassy in Pretoria. ■ Miners Vote to 

larles Button, chief engineer for Ambassador Hugo Cars ten of South Africa's Naticto 


JSanwpj fBax, ® 

Est. 1911 

Just idl the taxi driver "sank roo doc noo” 

• 5 Rue Daunou, PARIS 

• Falkcnturm Str. 9, MUNICH 

• M/S ASTOR at sea 


rapher. put the alleged 1942 offer last seen April 
of a deal with the Nazis in a differ- attending a coi 


eat light Marshal Tito merely 
sought a cease-fire, she said, where- 


in finding Mr. Alexandrov. He was the Water and Sewer Commission, the Netherlands presented an. ulti- d Mmewortes plans 
last seen April 1 in Madrid after Mr. Scondrassaid be feared that manim to Mr. Botha qa Tuesday gold andctoalmbteS tha 
attending a conference in Spain's the problem would spread beyond d emanding that Mr. de Jonge be country next month ii 


C6rdoba province. 


Beacon Hill and Back Bay to the freed Thursday betanratrfwhk **86 dem an ds , a 


S0U v l AI* a ^'^ re ’ s ^ e w ^ cre * Mr. Alexandrov is noted for tav- other city neighborhoods built on tta Dutch goveromentraid.wa? the woman said 
as the Chetmks offered to hdp ibe ing developed a computer model, landfill, such as the Fenway and ffieeal violation of embassy pre- France-PreSK 

(jiff JILlffS hilff}# ikn* iha D 9 » - ' — *-» ■ . j I _ M _ f 1 j Lnnn r>nL»«» 


Germans battle tta Partisans. 

Marshal Tito established Com- 
munist control over Yugoslavia at 


that backs the conclusions of other the Boston University area. mises. Tta Netherlands tad threat- j 

scientists around the world who “The problem is underground, ened to recall Mr. Garsten over the 
maintain that a nuclear conflict it’s invisible,” he said. “But if it’s mrident. : i 


the end of tta war. but broke with would bring a global freeze unchecked and it spreads, we have Mr deJot 
Moscow in 1948 and went on to amounting to another Ice Age. a disaster in tta making," June 23 after 


of embassy pro- Francerlhesse- report* 
riaads tad threat- .tannesbing^ - - . -J 
.Carstcn over the Mere than 2Uy»0/ 
- fry’s 550,000 hlkk mf 
47, was detained pktyed m tta 29 mm 
arrival from -Tiro- -union is recognized, i 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


Page 3 



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Reagan, Shevardnadze 
To Meet in September, 
Plan Summit, U.S. Says 


United Press Inunadotal 

WASHINGTON — President 
Ronald Reagan will meet with the 
new Soviet “foreign minister, 
Eduard A: Shevardnadze; in Sep- 
tember to jalan for his November 
summit with Mikhail S. Gorba- 
chev, the White House armounced 
Thursday. 

After almost four years of no* 
direct contact with Soviet leaders, 
Mr. Resgah met in September with 
Andrei A. Gromyko, former Soviet 
foreign minister, who is now presi- 
dent 

Mr. Reagan will meet with Mr. 
Gromyko's successor in Washing- 
ton after Mr. Shevardnadze meets 
with Secretary of State George P- 
Shnltz in New York during the 
opening of the United Nations 
General Assembly. 

Larry Speakes, the White House 
spokesman, said, “As part of the 
U.S.-Soviet dialogue and in prepa- 
ration for the meeting between 
President Reagan and General Sec- 
retary Gorbachev and in expecta- 
tion of the new Soviet foreign min- 
isters travel to the United Nations, 
an invitation has been extended for 
! in New York with Secre- 


tary Shultz/ 

“An invitation was also extended 
to the Soviet foreign minister to 
meet with President Reagan in 
Washington during his time in the 
United ’States,” Mr. Speakes said. 
“It is our understanding that this 
fiidy wiD be accepted.” 


Reagan ana Mr. Gorbachev 
win meet m Geneva Nov. 19 and 
20, the first UA-Soviet summit erf 
the Reagan adminis t ratio n 

During his first term, Mr. Rea- 
gan had steered away from a sum- 
mit because of the frail health of 
Mr. Gorbachev’s three predeces- 
sors. A White House advance team 
left Thursday to make arrange- 
ments and plan logistics for the 
summit. 

■ Reagan’s Health a Factor 

The Washington Post reported 
carEer from Washington: 

White House officials cautioned 
that a meeting with Mr. Shevard- 
nadze would depend on the presi- 
dent regaining foil health by Sep- 
tember after intestinal surgery 
Saturday. 

Mr. Reagan had invited Mr. 
Gorbachev to a meeting in (he 
United States, but the Soviet 
Union sought a neutral site. A deri- 
sion for Mr. Shevardnadze to meet 
Mr. Reagan at the White House 
could be a gesture by the Russians 
in response to Mr. Reagan's origi- 
nal invitation. 

Mr. Shultz and Mr. Shevard- 
nadze are scheduled to hold their 
first meeting July 31 in Helsinki 
. Mr. Shevardnadze, previously 
the Communist Party leader of the 
southern Soviet republic of Geor- 
gia, was elevated to foreign nrin is- 


ii' 


2 V.’. 


Panel Votes 
ToBarSome 
Foreign Aid 

pi i By Joanne Omang 

Washington Pan Service 

WASHINGTON — A House 
appropriations subcommittee has 
voted to bar any nation from ns- 
cehribog U.S. foreign aid in fiscal 
1986 until its government takes 
“adequate, appropriate steps to 
"■ provide airport security against po- 
tential terrorist activities/’ 

In approving a S 143- billion for- 
eign aid measure on a voice vote, 
the subcommittee on foreign oper- 
ations also agreed to provide SI 
million to El Salvador to investi- 
gate the June 19 murders of 13 
persons, including four U.S. ma- 
rines and two other U.S. citizens. 

The bill next must be approved 
by the Appropriations Commit Lee 
before the fuu House lakes it up. 

, The measure, a Sl-2-bQlion re- 
duction in President Ronald Rea- 
gan’s foreign. aid request, also pro- 
vides $5 million in economic or 
ynilitaiy aid to non -Communist ro- 
«bel groups fighting the Vietnamese 
occupation of Cambodia. 

David R. Obey, a Democrat of 
Wisconsin and chair man of the 
subconuniuee, which met in dosed 
session, said there was bipartisan 
support for the airport security lan- 
8 *«gA' , To'give the president an 
. »• additional hammer to use over any 

.ji countiY thai gets aid” lo make cer- 
t ‘^tney are doing the nYmnittim 

*&> necessary .io protect the civilized 
■ world from uncivilized actions.” 
Under the measure, the U5. 
president would have lo certify that 
. , i "adequate^ measures have been 
V 1 lnk« before any funds could be 
v; disbursed in fiscal 1986, which be- 

■ Sins Oct. 1 . Mr. Reag an has issued 

■ 'W- 811 advisory warning lo travelers 

that the Athens airport is unsafe 
and has been pressuring Lebanon 
: : ; lflqirove security in BaruL 
:V':* The provision would hold up 
• a boui J415 million in aid to 
. ' Greece, but specifies that any aid 
request fra Lebanon must be sub- 
, *. v mi tied to Congress later. 

-;>‘ 1 The proposed measure would re- 
: tain unrestricted aid to Jordan and 

.. makes funding to Mozambique 
' •• conditional on progress in human 
’ . *■ dghts. It withholds 50 pacent of 
aid to Peru, Bolivia and Jamaica 
“Ota they reduce ffl^al exports of 
.. . ! ' , coca leaf, which is used to produce 
cocaine. 

' Paris &rvoy Confirmed 

- ■’? TheAsrodmrd Press 

WASHINGTON — The U.S. 
.it Senate on Thursday confirmed Joe 
.‘'"V: M. Rodgers, a Nashville busmess- 
»• man. as ambassador to France. 


ter July 2, succeeding Mr. Gromy- 
ko, who held the post 28 years. Mr. 
Gromyko became Soviet prestdenl 
the same day. 

A White House official said 
Wednesday that Mr. Reagan hoped 
the meeting with Mr. Shevardnadze 
would “set the agenda” iar the next 
few years of U.S. -Soviet relations. 

Edward P. Djerepan, the White 
House deputy press secretaiy for 
foreign policy, said that this a gen - 1 

da-setting, rather than any arms 

control agreement was the ^bench- 
mark” that should be used tojudge 
the meeting, which be declined to 
call a s ummi t ! 



■S 


Mr. Djerejian said the Reagan 
administration’ s view was that -the 
first meeting of the two leaders 
should not have “an exclusive 
occupation with arms control, 
it is obviously an important 
item.” 

U.S. officials hope that (he Rear 
gan-Gorbachev meeting, scheduled 
lo begin shortly after the third 
round of nuclear-arms talks in Ge- 
neva, will give impetus to the nego- 
tiations. 

But 13 .S. officials have been 
mg to keep operations for 
summit meeting at a low level, 
avoiding the difficult issue of the 
Reagan plan to intercept incoming 
missiles from space, foimaffy called 
the Strategic Defense Initiative. 

The Russians have called upon 
the United States to abandon this 
initiative. 

Some U.S. officials have hinted 
from time to time that Mr. Reagan 
might be prepared to limit this ini- 
tiative to a relatively small research 
effort in return fra major Soviet 
reductions in offensive nuclear 
weapons. 

But negotiators have made no 
known progress in this direction in 
the Geneva arms talks, and a senior 
official said recently that the issue 
has not been addressed in toms of 
a summit 


Ihsed fteti tefernminnaf 

Casualties of the Beirut truck bombing lined up in an air force hospital in West Germany, 
in October 1983 to await a visit from the Marine commandant. General Paid X. Kelley. 


uao 

£ U.S. Military Initiates Plan to Treat 
Victims of Terror Raids in Europe 


'By Richard Halloran 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — The U.S. 
military command in Europe has 
developed a medical plan to handle 
casualties 'from terrorist attacks 
there, according to the Defense De- 
partment. 

The announcement followed a 
New York Times report dlrng an 
army memorandum that described 
the handling of the victims of. the 
1983 truck bombing of a Marine 
barracks in Beirut as indefensible 
“medically, morally or ethically ” 

The European Command “now 
has an operational plan for these 
contingencies,’’ the Pentagon said 
Wednesday in a statement- The 
plan identifies medical teams, hos- 
pitals and specific equipment to 
care for those wounded in terrorist 
attacks, it said. 

It also said that the army and air 
force in Europe had contributed to 


the plan “in coordination with each 
other.” 

The army report cited in the 
Times article QHT, July 18] said 
that the nmin fault in medical care 
in 1983 was the lack of “an effec- 
tive, coordinated plan.” 

More than 100 American mili- 
tary people were wounded in the 
Beirut bombing, which took the 
lives of 241 marines, sailors and 
soldiers. Most of the wounded were 
evacuated by air to American mili- 
tary hospitals in Europe, where, it 
was charged, some treatment was 
delayed by interservice jealousy. 

The Pentagon statement ac- 
knowledged that “the lack of a full- 
time, fla g - rank United States Euro- 
pean Command surgeon remains 
unresolved.” Flag rank refers to a 
general or an admir al. 

Hie statement said that the Joint 
Staff, which serves the Joint Chiefs 
of Staff, “is pursaing this issue with 
the services. "There is a history of a 


lack of cooperation among the mfl- 
itaiy services in providing medical 
care. 

During the American-led inva- 
sion of Grenada, two days after the 
terrorist attack in Beirut, army heli- 
copters carrying wounded soldiers 
were not permitted by the navy to 
land on the assault' ship Guam, 
which had the only U.S. medical 
facility in (be region. 

The assistant secretary of de- 
fense for health affairs. Dr. Wil- 
liam E Meyer, said in an interview 
in March that “the services are sep- 
arate, very separate from each oth- 
er." 

He described that divisiveness as 
per] 

in medical readiness. 

Dr. Meyer said that there was no 
single medical officer in charge of 
medical care in either the European 
or the Pacific unified commands, 
each service having its own chain of 

W Mimrumri. 


Reagan Test Stockman’s Successor 
Was Urged, Is Said to Be FTC Chief 


Doctor Says 

(Continued from Page 1) 
ommendation “did not stress a 
sense of urgency.” In fact, he said, 
the White House was more aggres- 
sive m pursuing a colonoscopy than 
the recommendation from the Re- 
thesda examining team had sug- 
gested it should be. 

A senior White House official 
said Sunday that Mr. Reagan and 
Ids doctors had 'known since later 
March that he would have to have 
the cokyooscope examination. But, 
the aide said: “In April he had a 
trip to make to Europe. In May 
there was something else. So we 
penciled in mid- to late June. But 
then the hostage thing broke out, so 
we put it off to now." 

Dr. Karaey complained in the 
interview that the Bethesda hospi- 
tal had been getting “a bum rap” 
from civ ilian experts who contend- 
ed, with the benefit of hindsight, 
that a colonoscopy should have 
been performed 14 months ago. 
when the May 1984 phyacal found 
a small, benign inflamma tory piece 
of tissue in Mr. Reagan's colon. 

Dr. Karow also complained that 
the White House physicians, who 
have final authority in medical 
matters, should “set the record 
straight" by explaining publidy 
why they agreed m May 1984 that 
no colonoscopy was needed then. 


The Associated Pros 

WASHINGTON — Congressio- 
nal sources said Thursday that 
President' Ronald Reagan had de- 
cided to appoint Janies C Miller 
3d, the Federal Trade Commission 
chairman, as his new budget direc- 
tor, but the White House denied 
the report. 

The White House spokesman, 
Larry Speakes, said the White 
House chief of staff, Donald T. 
Regan, “is still interviewing people . 
for the job and be has not made any 
recommendation to the president.” 

Mr. Speakes said a decision 
would probably be made by the 
end of the week. The new budget 
director will succeed David A. 
Stockman, who has resigned effec- 
tive Ang. 1 to lake a position with 
the New York investment banking 
firm of Salomon Brothers. 

“No one has been offered the 
job," Mr. Speakes said. “The presi- 
dent has not made a decision, nor 
have there been any recommenda- 
tions to him.” 

“There is a list and the list has 
been narrowed but it includes a 
number of names,” be said. 

Even so, congressional sources, 
who asked not to be identified by 
name, said the admunstration was 
spreading the word that Mr. MtDer, 
an economist, would be named to 
the post 


Mr. Sto ckm an was an of leu-con- 
troversial budget chief widely ad- 
mired in Congress for his knowl- 
edge of federal programs that 
comprise a budget totaling nearly 
$1 trillion annually. But Mr. Regan 
has said be hoped the successor 
would be less controversial and 
more of a behind-the-scenes “num- 
bers cruncher” 

Mr. Miller joined the FTC after 
serving as resident scholar and co- 
director of the Center for the Study 
oT t3overifo»bit ’Regalatid& a al the'-. 
American Enterprise Institute, a 
conservative Washington research 
organization. His appointment as 
budget director is surged to Senate 
confirmation. 

At the FTC, a spokeswoman de- 
clined comment on the repost of 
Mr. Miner’s appointment, and said 
the chairman was out of his office. 

Mr. MiHer would move into the 
director's office at the Office of 
Management and Bndgst at a time 
when the Reagan administration's 
efforts to cut deqply into federal 
programs and reduce budget defi- 
cits face strong opposition in Con- 
gress. 

Efforts by House and Senate 
budget negotiators to compromise 
collapsed Wednesday, dimming 
hope erf a comprehensive defirit- 
reduction package this year. In a 
separate development, senators 
concerned with farm issues ap- 



James C Miller 3d 

peared determined to draft a four- 
year farm bfl] that would commit 
substantially more money for agri- 
culture than the administration 
asked for in January. 

During his four years on the 
FTC, Mr. Miller has moved to tem- 
per the aggressively pro-consumer 
approach taken under Michael 
Pfertschuk, the chairman appointed 
by President Jimmy Carter. Mr. 
Pertschuk remained on the com- 
mission as a member after Mr. Rea- 
gan took office and desi gna ted Mr. 
MiHer as chairman, and the two 
men clashed frequently over the 
proper role of government regula- 
tion. 


Budget Talks 
Broken Off; 
Conferees 
Pessimistic’ 


By Helen Dewar 

W ashington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — House and 
Senate negotiations for the 1986 
budget were on the verge of col- 
lapse after an acrimonious session 
in which Senate conferees rejected 
a proposed compromise from the 
House, and said they saw little 
hope of reaching an agreement. 

The talks were broken off indefi- 
nitely Wednesday night. 

Negotiators had worked six 
months to produce more than $250 
billion in spending reductions to 
cut budget deficits by half over the 
next three years. The deficit was at 
S156.6 billion in the first quarter of 
1985 and is projected at more than 
$200 billion Tor 1986. Both sides 
agreed that the talks had hit a low 
point and that the outlook for 
agreement was bleak. 

Pete V. Do me aid, chairman of 
tbe Senate Budget Committee, 
said. “Frankly, everywhere 1 turn, 1 
don't see a way to go." Mr. Dome- 
nici. Republican of New Mexico, 
said the talks would resume when 
“we hare something to talk about." 

House negotiators urged the sen- 
ators not to break off the talks, but 
Representative W illiam H. Gray 
3d. the House Budget Committee 
chairman and a Democrat of Penn- 
sylvania, said that he, too. was “a 
little pessimistic.” 

However, Representative Del- 
ben L Lana of Ohio, the r anking 
Republican on the House budget 
panel, emerged from a private con- 
ference of House and Senate mem- 
bers Wednesday night saying he 
thought a resumption of the talks 
was posable next week. 

Tbe House speaker, Thomas P. 
O’Neill Jr.. Democrat of Massa- 
chusetts, said he was “disappointed 
that the Senate decided to pull 
away from the conference table.” 

“If President Reagan can negoti- 
ate with General Secretary Gorba- 
chev,” Mr. O'Neill said “then tbe 
Senate can negotiate with the 
House. Lei's get back to the table.” 

The House offered Tuesday to 
make $24 billion in additional do- 
mestic spending cuts over three 
years while moving closer to accep- 
tance of the Senate and White 
House demands for a military bud- 
get that would give the Pentagon 
increases next year covering all of 
inflation. 

The House offer was rejected as 
insufficient by the senators, who 
were still bristling over the White 
House and the House’s rejection of 
their proposal to freeze Social Se- 
curity benefits^.. . ... . .. 

In several hours of of ten -bitter 
haggling, House members accused 
senators of setting “moving tax- 
gets" for spending cuts, and sena- 
tors accused House members of 
folio wing only those parts of the 
White House agreement that suited 
their purposes, such as providing a 
full inflation adjustment tor Social 
Security benefits but not for the 
military. 

Senator Slade Gorton, Republi- 
can of Washington, said the House 
offer was dictated by a philosophy 
of “what’s ours is ours and what’s 
yours is negotiable.” 

Labeling as “hogwash" Senate 
charges that tbe House was flinch- 
ing from serious cuts in domestic 
spending. Representative Gray 
complained that White House and 
Senate Republican leaders keep 
raising the ante. 



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Panel Cuts Reagan Arms Requests 


By Sara Fritz 

Las Angeles Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — A Hotise- 
Seualc conference committee dealt 
further setbacks to President Ron- 
ald” Reagan's military program this 
week as it worked toward agree- 
ment on tbe 1986 defease authori- 
zation bQL 

The conferees agreed Wednes- 
day to limit deployment of MX 
missiles to 50, or half the number 


Although the conference com- 
mittee provided less than President 
Reagan sought, both Republicans 
and Democrats found some vic- 
tories. 

Democrats were pleased that the 
committee had beefed ire funding 
for the Mtri gpi man missile over (he 
objection of the Republican mem- 
bos; Republicans noted that the 
bill would allow the adminis tration 
more money and flexibility for de- 


ment of the 100 missiles they origi- 
nally requested. 

But the agreement was more gen- 
erous to the administration on the 
MX than was tbe House-passed 
bill, which cut the deployment level 
to 40 and permitted no missiles to 
be manufactured in fiscal 1986. 


sought by Mr. Reagan, and to cut. velopment of the space-based mis- 
$1 billion from ms request for sile defense program. 


space-based defense weapons, ac- 
cording to congressional aides. 

Mr. Reagan's arms requests have 
already been cut several times dur- 
ing the last few months as the de- 
fense authorization bill has made 
its way through Congress. 

The MX agreement would pnt a 
statutory limi t of SO on the number 
of missil es unless the admmlslra- 


Ad ministration officials were ex- 
pected to be most disappointed by 
the MX compromise, because it im- 
poses a firm limit of SO on deploy- 
ment instead of requiring a so- 
called “pause” sought by Mr. 


the president and De- 
fense Secretary Caspar W. Wein- 
berger are expected oy November 


don alters its plan to put them in lo mount a new drive for deploy- 
existing Minuteman silos, which 
are considered vulnerable. 

The conferees were said to have 
agreed to authorize $2.75 billion 
for research on Mr. Reagan’s Stra- 
tegic Defense Initiative, popularly 
known as “star wars." This was $1 
billion less than his request. 

But they agreed to $724 J mil- 
lion. $100 mutto n more than the 
administration wanted, for devel- 
opment of tbe Midgetman missile, 
the sources said. They also allowed 
three new tests of an anti-satellite 
weapon agains t a target in space. 

The panel remained deadlocked 
on the conditions for modernizing 
the US. chemical weapons stock- 
pile, the aides said. 

The committee’s task was to re- 
solve an estimated 1,000 differ- 
ences between the House and Sen- 
ate versions of the military 
authorization bilL 

Once the panel completes work, 
it will send its report to both cham- 
bers for final approval Money will 
still have to be approved in sepa- 
rate bills. 


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The Associated Press 

ISLAMABAD — The United 
Stales is mtimisiic that Pakistan 
will allow US. military experts to 
inspect two Soviet-made helicopter 
gunships that were flown to Paki- 
stan by defectors from the Afghan 
Air Force, Western diplomats said 
Thursday. 

The heavily armored Mi-24’s, 
code-named Hind by the Western 
military alliance, landed at a Paki- 
stani border town last Saturday. 
The seven Afghans aboard asked 
for political asylum. 

The gunships, reported to be the 
Soviet Unions most advanced, are 
armed to strafe ground forces or to 
shoot down enemy helicopters. 
Their heavy armor plating makes 
them resistant to gunfire. 

The arrival of the Mi-24's in Pa- 
kistan was the Hist time that this 
type had fallen into the hands of a 
nation allied to the West, diplo- 
mats said. 

“Obviously our military people 
want to get their bands on these 
things if at all possible.'’ said a 
Western diplomat, who asked that 
his name not be used. 

“Given Ute strong military rela- 

“ While — 
in Madrid 
Remember... 


tiooship between (be two countries 
there is- a very strong likelihood 
that the U.S. is going to get a good 
look at those helicopters," he add- 
ed. 

The United States is Pakistan's 
main supplier of weapons and mili- 
tary aid, and is providing it with 
S32 billion in military and eco- 
nomic aid over a five-year period. 

The Mi-24 has proved to be one 
of the most successful Soviet weap- 
ons in Afghanistan. It carries four 
laser-guided anti-tank missiles and 
ISO air-to-ground high-explosive 
rockets, as well as cannon and 
heavy machine guns. 

A Pakistani spokesman said 
Thursday no decision had been 
made on the helicopters or their 
crews. Afghan military defectors 
are given asylum in Pakistan, which 
backs the guerrillas in the struggle 


a gain st Soviet troops and the Sovi- 
et-supported regime. 

But the future of the helicopters 
has been clouded by the arrest of 
two Pakistani Embassy employees 
in Afghanistan. The two were 
seized Tuesday and accused of spy- 
ing, the Afghan radio reported. 

On Wednesday, the Pakistani 
Foreign Ministry demanded the re- 
lease of the two and denied that 
they bad been engaged in illegal 
activity. 

Pakistani and Western diplo- 
mats suggested that the arrests 
were linked to a return of the heli- 
copters. 

■ Progress in Peace Talks 

David B. Onaway of The Wash- 
ington Post reported earlier from 
Washington: 

The visiting Pakistani foreign 


minister reported Wednesday that 
there had been “concrete progress’* 
in the latest round of negotiations 
with Afghanistan in drafting an 
agreement to settle the war there. 

Speaking to reporters, Sahab- 
zada Yaqub Khan said the two 
sides had drafted the texts of what 
he called the “legal instruments” of 
four separate parts of an overall 
agreement. 

The acoord would provide for 
the withdrawal rtf Soviet forces, 
which entered the conn try in De- 
cember 1979, and also for guaran- 
tees by the United States and the 
Soviet Union. 

He said die texts were “fairly 
well advanced" as a result of work 
in Geneva in June by Pakistani and 
Afghan negotiators, at the so-called 
“proximity talks" held under Unit- 
ed Nations auspices. 


Under this arrangement, a UN 
intermediary shuttles between the 
two delegations in different rooms. 

“1 would say the progress was 
concrete, purposeful." the foreign 
minister remarked. 

His comments seemed aimed at 
persuading a skeptical U.S. admin- 
istration and public that (here is a 
chance to achieve a settlement of 
the Afghan conflict and that it is 
time once again to test Moscow's 
intentions. 

Asked whether there was any 
sign of a shift in the Soviet attitude, 
he said it was difficult to establish 
with certainty “a causal connec- 
tion” between the Soviet and Af- 
ghan negotiating positions. 

But he added that Pakistan “did 
notice a seriousness and earnest- 
ness” in the altitude of the .Afghan 
delegation, “which we welcome." 


Soviet Sends North Korea Advanced MiG-23 Jets 


Jewefs-Utarlts of Art-Watches 

H fntw distributor 

PIAGET- BAVME & MERGER - ROUX 
Gran Via. I. Tel. 232 1007. 
BBS 28013 MADRID SB 


By Don Oberdorfcr 

Washington Post Service 

HONOLULU — The Soviet 
Union supplied North Korea with 
advanced MiG-23 jets for the Fust 
time this spring, suggesting a 
change in military relations be- 
tween the two allies, according to 
U.S. military officials. 

North Korea is believed to have 
sought advanced warplanes for 
years, but the Soviet Uoion and 
China were cautious about supply- 
ing materiel that might aid or en- 
courage the militant North Kore- 
ans to undertake an attack against 
South Korea. 

A Soviet decision to supply a 
substantial force of MIG-23s, the 
first six of which were detected in 


Maw, is believed by the U5. offi- 
cials to have resulted from the visit 
to Moscow in May 1984 by Kim D 
Sung, the North Korean leader. 

The visit, the first by Mr. Kim in 
20 years, was interpreted as a sign 
of improved relations. 

Some U.S. specialists on Asia 
bad been expecting the Soviet 
Union to supply North Korea with 
KQG-23S, especially since the Rea- 


165 to South Korea. Toe ddivery <rf 
the first of 36 F- 16s is scheduled for 
ApriL 

The Carter adminis tration had 
declined to supply the plane to the 
Sooth Koreans on the ground that 
it might provoke North Korea’s al- 
lies and fuel the already intense 


arms race between the two Karras. 

fin Washington, a Stale Depart- 
ment spokesman, Robert Smalley, 
said that “wc are still examining toe 
implications for the military bal- 
ance in Korea of the delivery of 
MIG-23s,” The Associated Press 
reported. He added that the deliv- 
eries “have apparently not yet aid- 
ed.”] 

The U.S. Air Force-has a wing of 
F-!6$, about 48 planes, stationed at 
Kunsan Air Base in South Korea. 
The MiG-23, while a major im- 
provement over planes now used 
by North Korea, is considered no 
match for the top-of-tbe-line F-J6. 

Confirmation that North Korea 
had obtained MiG-23s came from 


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senior officials at the headquarters 
of the U.S. military commander for 
the Pacific, Admiral William i- 
Crowe Jr, who was selected by 
President Ronald Reagan (his 
month to be the next chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 

Despite the delivery' of MiG-23s, 
a senior officer said, the Soviet 
Union and China are believed to 
r emain opposed to a new outbreak 
of hostilities between the two Ko- 
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What concerns senior officers in 
Honolulu is whether the Soviet 
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Koreans in return for Moscow's 
expanded aid. 


8 Die in Riot, 
Curfew Set 
In India’s 
Gujarat State 

Reuters 

SEW DELHI — At least d$f 
people were killed and 100 wound- 
ed Thursday as violence broke cat 
again in Ahmedabad over job apd 
college quotas for underprivileged 
groups, the Press Trust of India 
reported. The violence was repast 
ed only 3 day after goveraiHJR • 
troops pulled out of the city hi 
western India. ;• 

Official sources said the clashes, 
erupted simultaneously in different 
areas and continued past raidnighL 
Indefinite curfews were imposed 
Thursday os two areas of the tex- 
tile center in Gujarat state aiier 
police, using rifles and tear gas, 
failed to disperse rioters. The oefa 
agency said four people were tSkd 
by police gunfire and three ot&fts 
died of stao wounds. 

The news agency quoted J.F, fc- 
beiro. the state’s police chief, 
was sent to Ahmedahad by RaaK: 
Minister Kyiv Gandhi’s gp Vtt u - 
ment earlier this month, as saying 
police would put down the fresh 
violence without recalling troopo.- 
Leaders of a four-month cam- 
paign against job and university 
quotas cancelled plans for a protest 
strike Thursday to prevent further 
violence. ; 

Student leaders said, however,’ 
that they planned to defy ordm 
banning marches and gathering f. 
with at least four processions m 
Ahmedabad starting Friday. 



Hw teooafad IVw 

Justice B.N. KirpaL right head of die inquiry into the 
Air-India crash, at Bombay news conference Thursday. 

Air-India Tape Yields Few Clues 

Reuters that it ran. But there was a sudr 

BOMBAY — U.S. aviation den increase in sounds and the 
experts said Thursday that an tape abruptly ended.” ; 

abrupt end to a voice recorder Paul Turner, a voice recorder 
tape had not established wheth- expert from the U.S. National 
er an Air-India Boeing 747 jet Transportation Safety Board, 
that crashed last month had said it was too early to draw any 
been bombed. conclusion. The Press Trust cf ; 

R-V. Kunzman, a senior engj- India reported Wednesday that 
neer from the aircraft manufac- computer printouts from the 
hirer, said, ‘The replay showed Boeing 747's digital flight data - 
normal cockpit conversation recorder had established that an : 
between pilots and ground con- explosion occurred when the 
trol for the 30 to 32 minutes airplane crashed June 23. 


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^4 scene from Nureyev’s " Washington Square** at the Paris Opera. 



(M*d of lbc inqitin into* 
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piuil T-t.-? j »LicfJW» 

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;. by Anna KIsselgoff 

EW YORK — “For cemmies, 
lg||&l- : ' Paris was a dance capital and.it 
r^y remains so as well today.** This 
. . ^ sentence by Jaoques Chirac, may- 
or of Pari s, introduces an exhibition in the 
French capital, entitled, “Four Centuries of 
Ballet in Pans.*' Whether Chirac could have 
so confidently affirmed that Paris was a. 
dance capital 10 years ago is problematical. 
Nonetheless, things have rfimiyd The go- 
ings-on. glimpsed on a visit in the last month,, 
for instance, have been unusually varied. _ 
Rudolf Nureyev’s new ballet version of 
Henry James’s novel, ‘‘Washington Square,” 
was on view at the Pam Opera Ballet, where 
he Is artistic director, and Maya Plisetskaya, 
the Bolshoi ballerina, was appearing at die 
Thtatre de I’Odton asa gnestmthe trtlfe role 
of Jean Cocteau’s and Serge lifar’s 1950 
“FfcAdre” with a company firm Nancy. A 
major event of die. season is obviously die 
Paris Open’s revival of Meyerbeer's opera 


“Robert le JCmMe” for the, first time since 
1893! — although its historically eddmted 
•. Romant ic battel scene, “Thc BaDet of the 
Nuns,”has been turned into aparodf replete 
with a Foljf^-Bcrgire type ofbuMaeasted 
female cashable and a campy joke^the hero 
rejects the advances i.of f our monks 1 ). 

Yetaloqltatthepastlynomeansdcfiries 
the emphasB'fiv French dance today. The 
many, modem-dance companies that 
emerged inihe late 1970s. areqonsisteatly in 
the public eye. Even general advertisements, 
as fra rom’scfcjfah^m newsmagazines, can 
mdnde a view of dances in layers of prac- 
tice do&es. Obviously, the ad agencies who 
provide market profiles know that images of 
dancers, here specifically identified as mod- 
ern dancers in a studio; can hdp sell even an 
umdatcdproducL 

. Dance isahoosebokl term nowin French 
life, tiianks in part to die spread of govern- 
ment-subsidized mmp«iwM throughout .the 
country. hSofft of dtese are small modem- 
dance troupe^'Andwhik it maybe^mfai^to, 
generalize from a patchwqdcaf. random. 


ij;s liuw - 

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lire *- 
,«fCT f 

he .hIm- 

Mjo- 

nli» 

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Arab East and Roman West 
Mingle at Jerasb Festival 


viewing, the most interesting creative work 
came, ream the modem-dance side rather 
than the ballet 1 saw;. 

In the city of Angers, the Centre National 
v de Danse Contacporaine, under its new 
young director, Michel Reflhac, presented 
- onem its commissioned premieres. Tbri was 
“Le Rpyanme NfiDcnaire” by the Esquisse 
company of Jodie Bouvier and Rigis Oba- 
efia. When this troupe appeared at the Amer- 
ican Dance Festival in 1983, its restricted 
theme* and restricted range of movement 

.. . j u j 1 u n.. it,. 


by Rami G. Khonri 

- AMMAN — If you happen to be in 
f\ Jordan this or any other July, you 
/ A would do well to drop by the mag- 
-i- M nificent nrins of the Greco-Roman 
city at Jerash and watch dancers twirl, sing- 
ers ring, actors {Trance, poets declaim, and 
history stand on its head 
For 16 days this month, the fourth annual 
Jerash Festival of Culture and Arts brings 
♦the ancient city in northern Jordan bade to 
Kfe with a rich and varied fare of performing 
and visual aits from 21 countries. 

Two thousand years ago.- political, eco- 
nomic and cultural forces from East and 
-West collided, then merited, at Jerash and 
other eastern provincial cities, as the Roman 
Empire expanded to the southeast from the 
'first century B.C to the third century. The 
synthesis or Greco-Roman culture and the 
indigenous Arab culture left its marie, in art, 
urbanism and architectnre. Today, this can 
be appreciated in a string of Greco-Roman 
provmcml cities throughout Jordan and Syr- 
ia, whose sprawfing stone ruins testify to the 
timeless human instinct for beauty and pros- 
perity. 

In a great historical irony, the Jerash Fes- 
tival has revived the city’s role as a ****«%% 
place of culture and an from East and West 
This time, however, the initiative has come 
from the Arab East, and not from the Ro- 
man West The drama of human contact is 
still there, hut with some important differ- 
ences. 

Today, the imp e tu s for cross-cultural con- 
tact is not conquest, but human c nmmimi ca- 


At any one time during the festival, at 
least 10 performances or art and crafts exhi- 
bitions are on offer in different comets of 
the ancient city nuns. In most cases, the 
Roman structures from the first and second 
centuries are used as performing arenas, in- 
cluding the handsome South Theater, the 
immense Oval Plaza, the steps of the Temple 
of Artemis (daughter of Zeus, sister of Apol- 
lo and patron goddess of the Roman Cier- 
asa), the underground vaults of the Temple 
of Zeus, and several of the colonnaded 
streets. 


1 HIS simultaneous ux of all quarters 
erf the Roman city not only allows the 
large number of daily visitors to be 


col-de-aac. Thor new waric has an imagina- 
tive poetic theatricality — suggesting the 
remn an ts of existence- m. a decaying castle. 
There was one grand moment — when 10 
Persian carpets cascaded down from the ceil- 
ing- . . 

M EANWHILE in Paris, Maguy Ma- 
rin* also an ADF viator two years 
agojinboed MaUa-andpop music 
io sporfacmarand poignant effect hoi her 
view' of civilization aria its discontents in 
“Babd-BabeL" This dance-theater piece 
should be indnded when this company 
comes to the City Center here in February. 

Nurcycv’s “Washington Square,” is full of 
interesting, even brilliant ideas. Yet it func- 
tions best in concept rather than in execu- 
tion. As a total production, it fails. The 
choreography is busy and rae»OTessive of a 
dramatic, emotional situation. There is also 
. a disastrous piece of decor that occasionally 
bisects the stage and prevents same in the 
ancfigrioc from seeing the action. The dancers 
do not all serin at ease in roles that, even if 
“explained” to them, are too remote from 
Hemyr James’s own characterizations to co- 
here nrto a dramatic whole. 

And yd Nureyev has created some excit- 
ing ensemble scenes that suggest where he 
could have gone right rather than wrong in 

.another ballet These are phan* 

and delirious passages. Some are 
ghostly episodes that refer to the characters’ 
fives. Yet most are outwardly irrelevant and 
cartoon-like images from American history. 
Si gnificantly , this is the America of the Kn 
KhncKJan seen by Europeans, and it is an 
image of America that is decidedly at odds 
with James’s own sensibility. 

By splicing in these phantasmagoric 
scenes into the narrative — which is an 
•i n tim a te tale involving four mam characters 
— Nureyev actually ends up with two bal- 
lets. A straightforward narrative about a 
young heiress in mid-19th-centuiy New 
York society — betrayed by a fortune-bunt- 
ing suitor, her rigidly protective father and 
her meddlesome «mt — is timw»d predomi- 
nantly into a superficial commentary on 
19th-century America. 

James does not include such scenes in his 
own novel. There are no references to the 
Pilgrim Fathers, mar c hi ng bands, cowboys. 
Fourth of July celebrations, black men with 
- dollar « gn<i on their trousers or Kn Klux 
Xbm processionals in James’s stray. Why 


: tkm; the instruments are not weaponry or 
■ trade, but song, dance and music; the result 
is not imperial expansion, but a celebration 
of the universal quest for pleasure mid un- 
derstanding through art and the spirit of 
-human creativity. 

. The Jerash Festival has quietly snuck up 
into the big league of international arts festi- 
vals. It is by far the biggest single such 
festival in the Middle East and is thought to 
be the second biggest international festival 
(after the Edinburgh Festival) if measured 
by the number erf performances and exhibi- 
tions in the program. 

It has sensibly refrained from internation- 
al or even regional publicity up to now to 
concentrate instead on mastering the me- 
chanics of putting chi such a large show for a 
sustained period. This year, the 16-day festi- 
val boasts 88 different troupes, performers 
or exhibitions from 21 countries, putting on 
a total pf 257 performances. It Began this 
year on July 11 and nms to July 26. 

A total of 1,500 Jordanian participants 
andftOO other Arab and foreign performers 
pochh dfffly shows between 5 PM. and 1 
AM, entertaining an average of 10,000 to 
12/100 visitors a day. Same 200,000 people 
are. expected to visit the festival this year, 
most of them from within Jordan. Next year, 
the festival organizers, in cooperation with 
the Jordanian national airline Alia, the state 
tourism authorities and private travel agents, 
wiU . launch an international campaign to 
attract visitors to Jordan daring the period 
pf the festival. 


accommodated, but also gives the festival its 
special, and very lively, atmosphere. 
Throughout the warm late afternoon and 
evening hours, as families with their children 
stroll throughout the vast ruins of Jerash, 
thw stop for a snack or a soft drink; rest for 
a few moments on the side of a toppled 
Unman Corinthian minimi capital; pause 
for a few minutes to watch a dance troupe, 
listen to a poetry redtaL view an archaeolog- 
ical or art exhibition, or watch local crafts- 
men and women at week; or simply wander 
aimlessly amid the bustle of creativity that 
the old stones of Jerash have not experienced 
since the Emperor Hadrian visited the city in 
AJD. 130, during the heyday of its wealth 
and splendor. 

From its inception, the Jerash Festival was 
itodmtul aa a nODipeciaiiied and “popular” 
festival, with a wide variety of events cater- 
ing to eveay possible taste. This year, for 
example, the festival has 12 different theatri- 
cal productions, including puppet shows, an 
ambitious pan-Arab play with actors and 
staff from seven Arab countries, French 



marionettes and modem dance troupes from 
Belgium and Lebanon; 19 different musical 
groups from Jordan and around the world, 
including the United States. Australia, Can- 
ada, Poland, Tunisia. Iraq, Egypt and Saudi 
Arabia; 14 folklore troupes from Jordan, 
Palestine, Egypt, Turkey, the Soviet Union. 
Spain, and tne United Stales; a show erf Iraqi 
fashions throughout the ages; the London 
City Ballet and the Brigham Young dance 
group; crafts exhibitions from Jordan, Tur- 
key and Iraq; an exhibition of Jordanian fine 
arts, and another of local antiquities from 
the last 500,000 years of human civilization 
in Jordan; a children's Arabic book fair and 
puppet exhibition; and, as a sign of the 
times, a display of Arabic-language “cultur- 
aT computer software. 

F OURTEEN other countries wanted to 
participate this year, but could not be 
accommodated feu- lack of space, ac- 
cording to the festival director, Mazen Ar- 
mouti. Next year, the festival will probably 
be expanded to a full month to satisfy the 
interest shown by both performers and audi- 
ences. 

Annouti, like everyone else involved in 
organizing the Jerash Festival, serves as an 
unpaid volunteer. His regular job is as chair- 
man of the journalism and communications 
department at Yannouk University, in the 
north Jordanian city of Irbid. It was at 
Yannouk that the festival idea was bon five 
years ago, when Jordan’s Queen Nora 1 sug- 
gested it to a group of students and profes- 
sors in 1980. A three-day pilot festival in 
1981 was expected to draw only 5.000 to 
10,000 visitors, but more than 100,000 eann> 
The festival organizers quickly realized that 
there was great demand among the Jordani- 
an public for such diverse cultural fare. The 
annual festival was designed to meet that 
demand, but also to allow Jordanian per- 
formers and artists the chance to be exposed 
to large Jordanian audiences and to quality 
performances from around the world. 

The festival organizers are particularly 
keen to maintain the diversity of offerings, 
“so that Jordanians who may not have the 
means to travel abroad may have access near 
home to a broad range of the best in interna- 
tional music, folklore, dance and theater," 
Annouti said. 

Another aim of the festival is to prod the 
development of local artists, whether drama- 
tists, aancos, musicians, poets, punters or 
folklore troupes. The festival committee con- 
tributes some $200,000 a year to local groups 
chosen to perform at the festival, who are 
also subjected to the kind of critical apprais- 
al that is vital to their artistic development. 

“It’s a long-term process,” notes Leila 
Sharaf, deputy chairwoman oT the Higher 
National Committee for the Jerash Festival. 
“We hope the Jerash Festival will be a cata- 

r to prod the development of culture and 
arts in Jordan, and to provide an attrac- 
tive forum for old talents to mature and for 
new talents to bad, ” rite said ■ 

Rami G. Khouri, former e/Sior of the Jordan 
Tones, has recently completed boms on Jerash 
and Petra. 


- Sylvie Guillem in new Bijart ballet. 


Pkologrocfe by fcxWpfn Tbr«Hi 


has Nureyev used such figures, who duster 
occasionally around a huge head of a Statue 
of liberty? 

Mostly, one suspects, because such images 
are inspired by the .music ’that he has chosen 
— selections from Charles Ives that cam- 


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■ ■ 


Continued on page 7 I Art show in the vaults of the Temple of Zeus; above, a stoneearver and his wares. 


wmia'An 


WioiByopfr tv C. Khun 


by Albrecht Roeseler 


: ju * JT UNK2I — Every year between May and 
ckU-t - - v n j£'-v 1 |\ /I October culture in Central Europe gpe 

1 The 5 V I V I onto ^ roatL After bibematiDg in the dt- 

- -jIuw:-- r: ' r r*~ ™ - ies * Hid concert life moves into the 

- V * c:i'. ,r T J '“ No anaentroin, no castle, no courtyard remains 

» J^ Vl ujj. u. ,lT f.i !f,®tiised by mobfle stage or chamber music groups; every 

• ; r.v pj-' miles .white, driving through the country yon cannot 
; r- , n p es *^ the sumn^ infection l^festiyaljtis. From Sa^ 

8 : ^Heasbuig. from Wiesbaden to Wimsiedd the country 

*; £’?/, ~\c;. ^-jeems to be a spiderweb of cultural activities. 

■ k‘ --r - • ‘ . . iud This is by no means limited to national boundaries; it 

even by offirialappointinaat that this continent chose 
1 ^toprodaits a European Muac Year and to herald Athens 

1 • f j «.-j (otherdties to follow) as Capital of Culture in the Europe- 

- 1 ‘" „ jn Cramnunity. According to an 1 international orgamza- 

fonof European mnsc. and arts festivals, their activities 
. * *at ;-**■ r^wuld always be superior to ordmary programs” and 


can be of interest — even for those who do not go to 
concert halls or theaters during the winter season in their 
hometowns. It is rather the seasonal holiday mood and 
wanderlust flat help immensely to spread thuqnderiricof 
festivalitis — ragarotess that atting. through an outdoor 
performance can make you feel as if you had spent an 
evening in a deep freeze; 

But even indoorspectactes that catdipebpltfs eyes, like 

_ 1 imn Xanlrnvnmi/I nt awiai uiluit 






arc eroectedfo, “readt thedtaracteref extraotiuBuy 
“ solemnity. . It -seems quite a while ago that the word 

Jtnn i r i i ^' itHf «a ntA^lmiir fnrni * - 


amiraar season" was a modtingteni). 


cnltme, can coont m attraoing an umorraeen number of 
visitcus. If, for example, you presenta special exhibition of 
Scythian Gold in Munich or.af the Peking Impakl 
Treasures- in B erlin, you can be sire to persuade more 
people to come t b an just the onfinmy museum trotters.. 
Some years ago, a Kttle, prctentioos Akhcnatoo. exhibition 
attracted four times as many viewers within a month titan 
the permanent Egyptian Cdtection in Munich dmingti» 
entire year. ThePttisfflans in Bering the Media in Flor- 
ence, the Stauffers in -Stuttgart proved to he inmieiiseiy 
attractive fra* tens <rf thous m ds of people. The digJ^y of 
Etatscan art inncfftiiera Italy tins summer teschedmed to 


catch the atieutioa of more tban 20 milHoa viators — a 
fimntnv Amt raiifM dizzEOess in mruiann directors. 

. Is it the ever-gHjmmg free time^ we eqjoy that makes us 
soak up new knowledge from the treasures of our past? Or 
is it just tip plain pleasure we take for granted when 
traveling to our holiday destination? A mixture erf both, 
probably. Nevertheless, culture has retained its social 
prestige: Haring undertaken a proper pilgrimage to Mar 
netorwatiean makes ocr genuine interest mingle with the 
snob appeal. . 

E VEN without that “solemnity” prescribed by the 
European festival fathers, you may entice thepeo- 
ple with offerings of a more doubtful nature. This, 
year's Munich theater festival, a distant offroring of the 
‘‘progressive’’ event in Nancy, France, offere d rather 
im«w performances in cold, windy tots during a rainy 
for tnight and yet attracted 150,000 young spe ctat ors. 
Most festivals erf such informal nature — foreet the black 
ties of ^5 Salzburg and Bayreuth festivals, which are sold 
out every year in a jiffy — can count on Wily Boated 
subsidies from local or natkmal funds. And yet, local stage 


companies that have straggled through their Munich win- 
ter season no sooner move out of their pennanent quarters 
into those shabby festival tents than they get packed 
houses with exactly the same productions. 

It seems that Germans, whose munitmalfties in the 
federal republic support 50 opera and 100 theater compa- 
nies, plus several hundred museums and art coDectums, 
are getting a bit tired of ‘tstare culture” and tend to prefer 
the summer, the mobile culture offering mare unexpected 
events. Permanent companies compelled to pot on a 
certain number of performances are hard put 

to fulfill their duty to the taxpayers. Mobfle “festival 
companies” may restrict themselves to short-nm produc- 
tions that CSC be sure Of their anAimre 
Therefore, to take Munich as an eranpfc, it is with 
much skepticism that tins city awaits the opening of its 
huge new cultural center. Several concert halls, a public 
Ebony, adult colleges and the city's muac conservatory 
stuffed under the roof of one g innf, rinmsy , brick structure 
(already nfcknamed the Kotow-Bunker) is as much of a 

challenge to the viiritnrt ac tn poanngfrre 

Within {he last few years in Munich, new theaters and 
other buildings, cultural “hardware,” have been construct- 


ed with the help of public funds. After lbc opening of the 
new Gasteig center, Munich will offer daily no las than 
20,000 seals for classical music, plays, opera, ballet eta, 
many of iham heavily and pomanently .qihwVfiwf fo 
order to satisfy the interest, the Munich Philharmonic will 
have to double the number erf its music programs, and 
many private impresarios and managers will We to fin 
those gaps in the cultural “software" that the city plannees 
have left vacant 

To keep subsidized culture going requires more than 
building new stages and platforms. It needs permanent 
imagination and pennanent energy by individuals. And 
the very absence of financial risk — the budgets of the big 
’ theaters and opera houses are city-guaranteed — might 
jeopardize pennanent creative sources. It seems wH 
easier these days — particularly during the summer 
months — to organize successful festivals than to hiber- 
nate securely through a heavily subsidized winter season 
in the big a ties. The summer mobile culture may be a 
disease, but it remains & challenge. g 

Albrecht Jtoeeler is cultural editor of the Munich iiewna- 

per SuddeutsdK Zehung. 

















Ah 

AH 


Page 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


TRAVEL 


The Crillon: A Classic Renewed 


by Paul Goldberger 




p 


ARIS — You could put almost any- 
thing behind the facade of the Hotel 
de Crillon and it would be all right. 
Fra no other hold in the world has a 




front like the Crillon: It sits behind the great 
Dank of classical facades designed by Jac- 
ques- Ange Gabriel m the mid-18th century 
for the northern side of the Place de la 
Coocorde. It is as noble a site as exists in 
Paris, directly on the square that is the city’s 
physical and spiritual heart. 

The western end of these monumental 
facades — 10 Place de la Concorde — has 
boused a luxury hotel since 1909, two yeans 
after the descendants of the Comte de Cril- 
lon sold the property that the count had 
purchased in 178%. the hotel has honored 
the count with its name ever since, though 
there have been years when the count, had be 
been alive, might well have wondered wheth- 
er he would not have preferred to decline the 
honor. Though the Crillon’s location and 
history have always made it one of Paris's 
most celebrated luxury hotels, in some peri- 
ods its quality has been nowhere equal to its 


legend or its architectural splendor. 

: surely tl 

the early 70s, when the Crillon seemed not 


Tbe worst years were : 


the 1960s and 


only Lackluster by badly cared for as weH 
Now, a new management, under tbe owner- 
ship of Jean Taittinger of the Champagne 
iletdy r 


family, has completely renovated the hotel. 


making it one of the city’s best 
The renovation, winch 1 


began in 1981 and 
is now basically complete, is part restora- 
tion, part alteration. It is sensitive to the 
architecture, but not slavishly so ; the aim of 
Taittinger, along with the designer Sonia 
Rykiel who served as a consultant, and 
Philippe Roche, the general manager, was 
gentiy to balance the Crill on’s historical dig- 
nity with some contemporary zesL 

That is essentially what they have done. 
Entering the Crillon now one does not come 
upon the hushed quiet of the Ritz or Lhe 
more hard-edged hauteur of the Bristol or 
the self-assured briskness of the PI aza-A th- 
en de, the city’s best-oiled hotel machine. The 
Crillon is something else — a monumental 
piece of classical architecture b ehin d which 
sits a hotel of vibrant elegance. 

The public rooms on the ground floor 
have been reorganized and in some cases 
completely rebuilt. One of the finest interior 
spaces, tbe great salon of marble and minors 
fronting on the square, is finally what it 
should always have been — the hotel’s for- 
mal dining room. It houses Les Ambassa- 
dors, the Gallon's main restaurant, which 
has two Micheiin stars. 

There is a rich glow to Les Ambassadenis; 
it is a truly grand space, as much like a 
ballroom as a dining room, although the 
arrangement of tables preserves a sense of 
intimacy, and the room never feels over- 
whelming. 

The result is certainly not the soft and cool 
aura of the private Parisian town house, to 
which so many hotels aspire: the lobby pul- 
sates with a crisp, sleek luxury, made more 
con temporary still by a grouping of lush, 
modern Italian leather chairs. The chairs are 
the one mistake, for they push the lobby just 
a bit too much toward an American kind of 
aesthetic, one that mixes styles and periods 



The Hotel de Crillon. 


which occupies part of the former mam din- 
ing room, is handsome. 

The guest rooms have been well restored, 
with a mix of antiques and reproduction 
French furniture, ana they are comfortable, 
if not enormous. The new bathrooms are 
lined in travertine marble, which is luxurious 
but seems ctidhed to American eyes; one 
misses the great tiled bathrooms of many 
other Parisian luxury hotels. 

Relatively few of the 200 rooms face di- 
rectly onto the Place de 1a Concorde; since 
the hotel stretches far back along Rue Boissy 
d’Anglas, which runs into the square, most 
rooms face either this side street or interior 
courts. Double windows insulate the rooms 
from the ceaseless traffic, so noise alone is no 
reason to request an interior room, but the 
courtyards are exceptionally pretty, and the 
views onto them, at least from the upper 
floors, are classic Parisian roof scape vistas. 

Nothing, however, can equal the view 
from those treasured rooms on the Place de 


and the vista from the classical colonnade of 
the Madeleine to the Chamber of Deputies 
across the Seine. 

The square is all the more remarkable for 
being so undefined by buildings; rare is 
urban space that is not walled in by architec- 
ture as powerful and clearly comprehensible 
as this. Gabriel's structures, for all of their 
monumental splendor, are really just fa- 
cades, stage sets of stone intended to provide 
the one clearly defined edge for tjie immense 
square, which is open on its other tides to the 
Tull cries, the Champs Hysfes and the Seine. 


la Concorde, many of which are among the 
hotel's 48 suites. All have been furnished 


with energetic abandon. 

: if the lobby’s ddcor wavers a bit in the 


But if I 

direction, of glitter and confusion, the room 
is nonetheless welcoming, and it connects 
with the lounge next to Les Ambassadeurs, 
where tea and drinks are served, to form a 
generous series of public spaces. Beyond the 
lobby, which was created out of a former 
smaller lobby and an obsolete carriage en- 
trance, is the bar and a smaller Hming room, 
called L’Ob&isque. There the Crillon pro- 
vides an amenity that most luxury hotels 
disdain — simple, relatively informal dining 
at the same level of quality as the main 
restaurant. The menu at L'Obehsqae, like 
that of Les Ambassadeurs, is the work of 
Jean-Pa ul Bonin, the chef, and the room. 


superbly, particularly the grands apparte- 
menu, the extraordinary suite on the first 
floor was long the hotel's banquet rooms. 
There is no hotel room anywhere like this 
suite. There may be larger ones, though it is 
hard to imagine them, but there are surely 
none better situated. On this level neither 
too high nor too low, the traffic slips away, 
silently, as the great monuments and the 
immense, flowing space of the Place de la 
Concorde, space that flows on and on like 
the water from a fountain, fill the eyes. 

One gets a si m il ar sense from any room at 
the Crillon, or from walking out of the hotel 
onto the square in the morning, and return- 
ing at night. However fine the hotel’s decor, 
service and ambience have become, the 
greatest thing about it is still its location. 

Few cities have squares as central to their 
geography and their history as the Place de la 
Concorde is to Paris. It is here that the two 
great axes of the city intersect, the vista from 
the Louvre through the Arc de Triomphe 


I T all works because these stage sets just 
happen to be among the Heal works of 
classical archi tenure in France, and as. 
much a symbol of the Place de la Concorde 
as the Egrptian obelisk that has been in the 
square's center since 1836. Gabriel's build- 
ings, designed in 1758, area superb composi- 
tion; Thor bases of rusticated stone, above 
which are long central colonnades and aid 
pavilions topped with pediments, rhythmi- 
cally define streets and corners and function 
as a solid wall for the square. 

It was Louis XV who gave the land for the 
Place de la Concorde and is whose honor it 
was built. Only facades were erected, not out 
of laziness but because the king and the 
architect were more c o n ce rned with building 
the square than with filling its real estate; 
they intended to allow private owners to put 
buildings behind the great facades, but they 
did not want to take the chance that any of 
these private buildings have facades that 
interfered with the square’s overall design. 
And so it was that Louis Trouard purchased 
the westernmost end of the facades and built 
a great private house, which was sold to 
Frangois-Fdix-Dorothte Berton des Bribes,- 
Comte de Crillon, whose family retained it 
until 1907. In 1909, it was turned into a 
public hotel and the modem history of the 
Crillon began. ■ 


© 1935 The New York Times 


An Empire Built on Oranges 


by Joseph Giovaimirri 


E ARLY in this century, Charles F. 
Lummis, the noted historian of 
Southern California, said that for 
the region the navel orange was not 
only a fruit but a romance as well More 
recently, it was termed an aesthetic. Indeed, 
tbe owners of groves cultivated not only the 
navel orange but also a healthy outdoor life 
and a tidy profit, all within a landscape of 
snow-capped mountains and foothills. Often 
living in elaborate homes set amid the 
groves, the ranchers were of the gentleman 
variety, originating from Back East 
At their peak daring the first decades of 
this century, the groves made up what was 


dino mountains, from Pasadena to Red- 
lands. Riverside and Redlands were the prin- 
cipal cities in this agricultural area. Since 
World War IL the acreage occupied by 
groves has been reduced by a combination of 
smog, rising production costs, increasing 
taxes and the sale of land to developers for 
single-family houses. But there still are hun- 
dreds ol acres of land devoted to the navel 
orange, and they form one of tbe least cele- 
brated, most evocative aspects of Southern 
California. The areas can be visited cm a day 
trip from Los Angeles. 

Urn great pleasure is to drive through the 
orange groves, generally in the direction of 
the bills or mountains. The secret of finding 



A citrus-belt building in native stone. 


railroad; Am Irak trains from Los Angeles 
Union Station leave downtown twice a day 
for Pomona and San Bernardino, which is 
about 15 miles from Riverside. 


the older places, in Redlands, for example, is 
to look for windbreaks of eucalyptus or 


The orange as a symbol of Los Angeles 

ash Cali- 


cl asters of palms, planted decades ago and 
now mature. Bring out on the road leads the 
traveler to pockets of rid Calif ondatra — 
houses, outbuildings, packing sheds, frnic 
stands — about which even many native 
Southern Calif o rnians know little. 

In Redlands, sites open to the public in- 
clude the chateau-like Kimberly Crest man- 
sion and the very Victorian Morey Mansion 
— homes associated with the dtrus industry. 
Some years ago, the threatened Edwards 
Mansion, built in 1890, was removed to a 
jve of its awn, behind the San. Bernardino 
Kmty Museum, sod is now an elaborate 
nine-room Victorian restaurant that salutes 
the history of the area with dishes that fea- 
ture the orange. In Riverside, tbe Victorian 
Bettner house of 1892, now the Riverside 
Heritage House, can be visited; unfortunate- 
ly, the venerable Mission Inn is dosed for a 
two-year-long conversion into what is de- 
scribed as a world-class hotel In Corona, 
two dtrus ranches are open to the public. 

From Los Angeles, there arethree routes 
into the Inland Empire. The least interesting, 
and quickest, is the Foothill Freeway. The 
second is Foothill Boulevard, also known as 
Route 66 from its dustier, more romantic 
days. A way of combining some effidency 
and some color is. perhaps, to take the Foot- 
hill Freeway to an eastern segment of Foot- 
hill Boulevard, in the Qaremont-Upland 
end of what remains of the dtrus belt 
The most romantic and appropriate way 
into the orange country, however, is the 


goes back nearly 200 years, to Spanish 
frania. Tbe San Gabriel Mission outside Los 
Angeles and, later, many Southern Califor- 
nia ranchos had orange trees long before 
California became a state, though the orange 
was never a major crop during the mission 
and rancho periods. 

Toe navel orange itself — imported bv the 



U. S. Department of Agriculture from 
— was introduced in this 


area only around 
2873. It was especially well suited to the 
drier, hotter foothill areas, from Pasadena 
through Claremont to Redlands, where there 
was sufficient water, good loamy or day soil 


and little frost. The navel spread quickly 
from the original parent trees, one of which 


is alive in Riverside, fenced and commemo- 
rated with a plaque at the corner of Magno- 
lia' and Arlington Avenues. 

The other great Southern California or- 
ange, the Valencia, was introduced in 1876. 
and grew well along the cooler coastal belt 
through Santa Barbara, Ventura, Orange 
and San Diego counties. 

Especially in Highland and East High- 
land, Redlands and the Riverside area, there 
are still spacious homes surrounded by pro- 
ductive groves. Some of the homes are Vic- 
torian and Craftsman-style; others, especial- 
ly toward Claremont, are made of the granite 
firidstone “quarried” from fields cleared for 
planting. WnDe the Victorian houses ex- 
pressed concerns about propriety and status, 
the Craftsman and boulder houses demon- 
strated a respect for health, hard work and 
the land. 

Near the groves, there are industrial pack- 


ing houses that are pan of this ecology — ' 
voluminous structures covered in comigawtf 
metal sheets that turn incandescent trader- , 
the high California sun. The packing hoottr 
are along the railroad tracks that helped: 
opes up the area to development. Some of 
these packing bouses have recently 
a new lease on life, having been ' 
large food conglomerates. 

In Redlands, there are many of the 
houses of this prosperous grave sooety.- 
Most have passed! into the new era of h&torfe 
preservation, such as Kimberly Crest andtht; 
Morey Mansion, though they arc preserved.:, 
as booses rather than as parts of groves. The v 
grerves often have been eroded By subdivi- 
sion or simple neglect Unfortunately, there - 
has been little commitment rat the pari of . 
planning commissions in most of these dries 
and towns to preserve the groves as a part of 
the area’s heritage and environment Oak. 
effort is the Edwards Mansion restaurant m 
Redlands. Though somewhat sdf-consdoaa . 
it represents a preservation victory that goes, 
beyond the house to suggest the ideal food- 
ecology — a substantial house within a sob* 
stan rial grove; the source of the weahh, aat. - 
the obgect of the wealth. 


Pasadena ANGELES ' 

ri/ NATIONAL FOfEST 

1 jtecLj 

/'ASS] hjoTHj 


Sangabheluts. 



SAMBEhNARQHO' 
NAnONAt FOREST 


jTS. 

’ M*3stan 

\*1san 

Gabriel 


SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY 


SMBEMAftOtHQurS. 
Highland 
East 

Highland 


To 

-U» Angeles 


LOS ANGELES 


COUN TY \ 

j ORAMECOUNTY 

cal/fornia 

X 

1 



BASBINEHP. 


H+H 


SAirSERNAfUMNO FHEEWA Y 






_ iRedtand* 


RIVERSIDE- 

COUNTY 



RkereMa 


-r- 

7 S' 

Corona 


/ 


MILES- a 


\%f'T EST of Redlands, near La Verne, 
%* / is the Upland-Oaresnont area. Here, • 
TT besides the groves, which still east 
in spots north of Foothill Boulevard, lh at : 
are the best of the region's stone hades,, 
built during the first two decades of fee 
century primarily by professional masons, in 
signature stone patterns. At first, some of die v 
houses were corseted into styles derived 
from the East. . t;. 

Perhaps the most beautiful at these stone- 
buildings was that done just before World' 
War I for the Pfizer family on North Tonne 
Avenue at Baseline Road, an expansive had- 
enda-type bungalow with an arcaded porch, 
large boulder pillars support in g a trdus and ■ 
a Spanish tile roof. The house cas a central - 
courtyard. The stones are large, and careful- 
ly picked, matched and placed. Tbe appar- 
ently rustic naiure of the exterior did not 
stop the architect Iran iiyluding the latest 
conveniences of tbe 1910s inside, including a - 
vacuum system baflt into the walls. '/'* 
Not far from the Ktzer House are several 
other stone structures, including the water 
pumping stations, barns and other ranch 
out-bufldings. In these areas new housing 
tracts have taken their lofl, but there are star 
many houses left where stone is featnred ja 
porches and chimneys. As yet, all are pfr- 
vatdy owned and cannot be visited made 
They remain, nonetheless, a significant !®* - 
ture of this landscape. • 




IhaNtwYerfcTimi 


© 1985 The New York Times 


INTERNATIONAL DATEBOOK 




VIENNA. Arkadcnhof (tel; 1515). 
CONCERTS — Brunner Philharmon- 
ic — July 23: Peter Vronsy conductor, 
Andre Navarra cello (Dvorak, Han- 
del). 

July 25: Claus Poor FI or conductor 
(Handel Haydn). 

•InienrationdTbcaierftd: 3 1.62.72). 
THEATER — July 22-24: "Cloud 
Nine" (Churchill). 

July 24-26: "The Maichmaker” (Wfld- 


THEATER — July 20: "Anthony and 
Cleopatra” (Shakespeare). 

July 24-27: “The Philanthropist" 
(Hampton). 

GLYNDEBOURNE, Opera Festival 


(tel: 81.24.11). 

July 20, 22, 24, 26: "Albert Herring" 


it’s Phrk Open Air Theatre (id: OPERA — July 20: “Orfeo" (Monte- 
48634.3)). verdi). 

THEATER — July 20: "A Midsum- July 21: “Le Paradis et la Peri" (Schu- 
mer Night’s Dream" (Shakespeare)., , mann). 

July 22-24: Twelfth Night (Shafts July 22: The Marriage of Figaro" 
spearc). 


July 25: Claude Boding Trio. 
•Musee d’Art Mod erne (tel: 


(Britten). 

July 2 1 and 23: "Idomeneo" (Mozart). 
LONDON, Barbican Centre (tel: 
638.41.41). 

CONCERT— July2 1 : Royal Philhar- 
monic Orchestra, James Judd conduc- 
tor, Sr Yehudi Menuhin violin (Bee- 
thoven). 


•Ro^al^ Academy of Arts (tel: 


EXHIBITION —To Aug. 25: “2I7th 
S umm er Exhibition." 


•Royal Albert Hall (tel: 589.82. 12). 
CONCERT— July 20: Chamber Or- 
chestra of Europe. Salvatore Accardo 
conductor (Ravel Mendelssohn. Bee- 


INCERT — July 21: Instrumental 
Ensemble and Choir of the Royal Cha- 
pel Philippe Herreweghe conductor 
(Mozart). 

ARLES, International Photography 


Festival (id: 96.76.06k 
EXHIBITIONS — To July 31: “Pow- 


er). tnove oj. 

•Kunstlechaus (id i57.96.63k THEATER— July 20. 24,25: “Ham- 

EXHIBITIONS — To Sept. 30: “ 1984 *«" (Shakeroearek 
— Looking Ahead to 2000." July 22 and 23: "Henry V" (Shake- 


thovroj. 


To Sept. 

— Looking Ahead to 2000.” 

To Oct- 6: "Vienna 1870-1930 Dream 


“Henry V" (Shake- 


and Reality : The greatest names of the 
fin-de-siide." 


Viennese 

•Sch 5 nb runner Theater (tel: 
85.98.93). 

OPERA — July 20 and 24: “Tbe Bar- 
ber of Seville" (Paisiello). 

•Theater an dar Wien ( tel: 57.96 .32). 
THEATER — July 20, 21. 24, 25: 
“Cats" (Lloyd Weber) 
•Volksoperftd: 53240k 
OPERETTA — July 24 and 26: “Die 
Fledermaus" (J. Strauss). 


speare). 

July 26: "Red Noses" (Barnes). 
•London Coliseum (tel: 8 36.3 1. 1 


July 23: Halle Orchestra, Stanislaw 
Skrowaczewski conductor. Stephen 
Hough piano (Stravinsky, Liszt, 
Tcfamkovskyk 


retro- 


os of Photography." 

To Aug. 30: TJawd Hockney," 
sportive. 

To Sept. 15: "Disciples of Ansel Ad- 


723.6 1 ,27k 
EXHIBITION —To SepL 8: “Robert 
and Sonia Delaunay." 

•Musee de r Assistance Publique (teb 
633.01.43). 

EXHIBITION —To July 31: "Salva- 
dor Dali." 

• Mus£e da Grand Palais (tel: 
261.54.10). 

EXHIBITIONS — To July 28: 
"Manuscripts of the Dead Sea. 

To SepL 2: “Renoir." 

•Museedu Petit PilaisfteL 265. 12.73k 
EXHIBITION— To SepL 29: “Gus- 
tave Dart." 




"JUD- 


EHGLAND 


CHICHESTER, Theater Festival (tel 
78.13.12). 


836.3I.61k 
BALLET — London Festival Ballet — 
July 20: “Don Quixote" (Petipa. Min- 
idisk “Song of a Wayfarer" (B£jan, 
Mahler), “Etudes" (Lander, Riisagerk 
July 23-27: "Romeo and Juliet” (Ash- 
ton. Prokofiev). 

•National Portrait Gallery (tel: 
930.15.52). 

EXHIBITIONS — To SepL 8: "How- 
ard Coster." 

To Ocl 13: “Charlie Chaplin 1889- 
1977." 

•National Theatre (td: 92832J2). 
THEATER— July 20: “The Govern- 
ment Inspector" (Gog nt). 

July 20,22, 26: “The Duchessof Malfi" 

(Webster). 


•Royal Opera (teL 240.10.66). 
BALLET— July 20-23: "Swan Lake" 


flins. 

To Sept. 30: 
Here." 


‘F. Fontana, S. Bowman, 


•New Morning (tel: 523 J 1.41k 
JAZZ — Juty2u and 21: John 


DUBLIN, Abbey 
(ml: 74.45.05). 

THEATER — To Aug. 3: “Tbe Drums 
of Father Ned" (O'Casey). 

•Civic Musemd (teL 77.1 6.42k 
EXHIBITION — Through July: ", 
tuyODea." 

•National Gallery (td: 60.8533k 
EXHIBITION —To Aug. 24: “Mi 
in Painting." 

•NationalLibrary (tel: 763531k 
EXHIBITION — Through July: 
“Irish Heritage,” 


— EXHIBITION — To SepL I: “Brfl- 

tiant Cut Glass." 

•Taiikukan Gymnasium (tel: 

408.61.91). 

Theatre CIRCUS— To July 28: Bolshoi Cir- 
cus. 


•Zeii Photo Salon (td: 246.13.70k 
EXHIBITON — To Sept 16: “Tsu- 


EXHTBITION — To Sept 8: “S3 
Pepsoe. 1871-1935." 

•National Portrait Gallery (id: 556' 

EXHIBITON —To Sept. 29: TYtt- 
sores of Fyvie.” 


kuba City." 


SPAIN 


fuse 


NETHERLANDS 


AMSTERDAM. Amsterdam Muse- 


Lurie 


(Petipa-Tchaikovsky). 

July 24: "La Fflle mal gardfce” (Ash- 
ton. H6nold>. 

July 25 and 26: "Birthday Offering" 
(Ashton. Glazunov), “La Bayadere” 
( Petipa, N ureyev, Minkus). 


•Tate Gallery (td: 821 .13.13). 
(BITION — “ 


EXHIBITION — To August 18: 
"Paintings by Francis Bacon: 1944 to 
PreseaL ' 


•Victoria and Albert Museum (teL 
589.63.71k 

EXHIBITIONS — To October 22: 

"Textiles from the Wellcome Collec- 
tion: ancient and modem textiles from 
the Near East and Pern." 

To September 1: "English Caricature 



To September 15: “Loins Vtdtton; A 

WEEKEND 

Journey through Tune." 

•Wigmore HaU (id: 935.2 1.41k 
CONCERTS - July 20: Pauocha 
StringQuarteiof Prague(Dvorak, Mo- 
zart). 

July 21: Nash Ensemble (Brahms, 
Dvorak). 

RECITALS — July 21; Jakob Lind- 
berg lute(MoIinaro. Picrinini). 

July 23: Brigitte Fassbaender soprano, 

| SIGHT SEEING BOATS f 

u l' 1^ ; i 


July24: F£b^WoodwaMpiano(Q»o- 
pin). 

July 25: Eduard Wulfson violin, John 
Lenehan piano (Brahms, Prokofiev). 


I HOTELS 

| RESTAURANTS 

July 26; piano (Beethavco, 

UppetlJ. 

STRATFORD, Royal Shakespeare 
Theatre! td: 293633). 

THEATER— July 20 and22: “As You 
Like It" (Shakespearek 
July 20, 23. 25. 26: “The Meny Wives 
of Windsor” (Shakespeare). 

July 24 and 25: “Traihis and Cressi- 
da." 

|f= ADMIRAL HOTEL =|| 
MANILA 

2138 Roxas Btvd. Monika Phib. 
P.O.Box 71 55 MIA 3120 Phappines 
Teteiu 74240488 AD Hotel PM. 
Coblei A dm ftd Manila 
Tdaphonm 57 20 81 To 94 

A] KIT MSTUXI BQKCffl. 

rV- ^ PIHUDS 

z f j gunsuiMfi 

FRANCE 


WEEKEND 

appears every Friday 

T0BJUSE ^ 

TRAITEUR until midnight 
4V, A». Wugiom PARIS- 17° Tl. 227.34.7V, CJ. 

AIX-EN-PROVENCE, Festival de 
L‘An Lyrique et de Musjque (id: 
23.37^1). 


AVIGNON. Festival (td: 86J4.43k 
DANCE — July 18*22: Merce Cun- 
ningham Dance Company. "Les Bal- 
lets Annhagc" (Armitage). 

Ally 23-27: Kanne Sapota Company, 
“Incandescence." 

July 26: OdQeDuboc Company, “Une 
Heine d'Amenne". 

COMMINGES. Festival (tei: 
8832.00k 

RECITALS — July 20: Guxtnar Idoa- 
stam own (Bach, Duprd, Ravd). 

July 23: Jean- Pierre Waller violin, 
Aldo Ciccolini piano (Schubert, 
Brahms. Franck). 

July 25: Marie-CJaife Alain organ 
(Bach. Mendelssohn). 

NICE, GaJcrie d’Art Contemporaiu 
(tel: 6237.11k 

EXHIBITION — To SepL 22: “Tout 
Ben." 

•Galerie des Pouchettes (tel: 
623124). 

EXHIBITION — To Sept. 29: 
"Claude and Francois-Xavier La- 
lanne." 


and the Lounge Lizards. 

July 22 and 23 : Art Blakey and. the Jazz 


•Peacock Theatre (td: 7445.05). 
BALLET — July 20: Dublin City Bal- 


um of History (tel: 253832). 
EXHIBITION —To SepL 8: 


let 


July 24 and 25: Sun Ra Arkestra. 
•Opto (tel: 7423730). 

OPERA— July20: "Robert le Diable" 


ITALY 


r “Imagi- 
nation Seizes Power; a brief survey of 
European protest movements in the 

60's. 

•Art Theater (td: 25.94.95). 
THEATER — To July 28: American 
Repertory Theater. “KaT (Gems). 

Ujk Palcis op de Dam (td: 


MADRID, Museo Espafid de Art' 
Contenmortneo (td : 449.2433). 
EXHIBITION — To July 31: “U 
TomascDo." 

•Palado de Veliznuea y Crista! (a 
274.77.75k 

EXHIBITION — To July 22: “Spu 
ish Sculpture 1930-1936: 




D 


ancf 


. ' 

&C;’' 

Its ... 

■ » -. : il . 
'<?! •. ’ ■ 




GENOA Internationa] Ballet Festival 


747.7736). 

ToJuty26:EthcryPagava 

Ballet. 

THEOULE, Nuits de L’Esttai (teL 


(td: 59.16.971 

T— July 20 j 

denial de Marseilles, “A Zizi Con Amo- 


24JB63S)/ 

EXHIBITION —To SepL 8: “French 


BALLET- 


f 20 and 21: Ballet Na- 


Bibho graphic History in The Nether- 


Scon Hamilton. Sun Ra Aftestnj 
Johnny Winter, Kenny Drew, Wood! 
Shaw, Slide Hampton. 


493838k 
BALLET— Jul 


22: Marseille Na- 
Famasii- 

que" ffetit, Berlioz). 

July 25: Lyon Opera Ballet "Romeo 
and Juliette" (Vcrcdon, Berfioz). 


re” (Petit). 

July 25-28: The DanceTheatre of Har- 
lem, "Swan Lake" (Petipa, Tchaikov- 
sky), "Voluntaries" (Tetley, Poulenc). 
VENICE. Museo Correrftel: 256251 
EXHIBITION — To July28: “Le Ven- 
izjePossML" 


•Maison Descartes (td: 22.6 1 34). 
EXHIBITION — To Sept 27: “Des- 


SWEOBi 


GERMANY 


Id: 70.09.95). 

: “Horst, 


PARIS, Centre Georges Pompidou 


(td: 277.1233). 

EXHIBITIONS— To Aug. l9:“Jean- 


“Palermo," “David 


Pierre Bertrand,* 

TremletL" 

•Egtise Sk-Gennam-des-Prfcs (tel: 


227.1L68k 

RECITAL — July 24; Jean Guillou 


rfBachl. 

sRonsard (td: 26431.31k 
4SE — July 20-24: “Le ThMire 


D/ 
d’l 

•Galerie Rolf Wahl ftd: 633.11 I6 l 
EXHIBITION —To July 31: "Anita 
Eriksson." 

•HOlel de ViBe (td: 276.40.66). 
EXHIBITION —To Ocl 5: “Victor 
Huro and Paris. r 


BAYREUTH, Wagner Festival (td: 
20221k 

OPERA — July 25: “TannhaQser" 

SSEftta* "(Wagner). 
MUNICH, National Theater 
(td:2185Ik 

OPERA— July 20 and 24; “Arabella" 

(R_ Strauss). 

July 21 : “La Traviata" (Verdi), 

July 23; “Le Nozzc di Figaro" (Mo- 
zart). 

July 25: “Macbeth" (Verdi). 

July 26: “Nonna" (BeBini). 

STUTTGART, National Theater (teL 
20334.44k 

Stuttgart Bafost — July 21 : “Don Gio- 


EXHTBmON —To July 28 
Photography. 193 1-1 SW?" 

VERONA, Arena di Verona (id: 
23520) 

BALLET —July 20 and 26: "Giselle" 
OPERA — July 2 l;“Aida" (Verdi). 


cartes and Tte Netherlands.” 
•Nieuwe Kerk (td: 233432k 
EXHIBITIONS —To Aug. 20: “Out 
and About in Amsterdam: From the 
Fairgrounds to the Theater, 1780- 

To An g. 20: “Anarchism in France and 


STOCKHOLM, DrottninghoW 
Com Theater (teL 60.8235k 
OPERA — July 20. 23. 25: “Cosi (m 
tmte”(Mozan), f 

July 22. 24. 26: “The Escape from 
Seraglio" (Mozart). i 


.. 1:733131). 

JmON —To SepL 29: “Rem- 
brandt," drawings. 


SWITZERLAND 


•SudsdtoDwbure(te]; 3433.1 1). 

iR— July 23-28: TheSpau- 


JAJPAN 


TOKYO, Goto Museum (tel; 


703.06.61). 

EXHIBITION — To July 28: “Chi- 


nesePott&y from Han toMingdynas- 
tics. 

•Koknritsn Nob-gakudo (tei: 


THEATER- 

ish Brabaxner" (Bredero), English 
Speaking Theatre Amsterdam. 

•Van Gogh Museum (id: 76.48.811 
EXHIBITION — To Aug. 11: “Lo 
flows du md" Faicien Rons and 
Charles Beauddairc. 
•Westerierkftd; 24.77.66k 
EXHIBITION —To SepL 15: “The 
World of Anne Frank, 1929- 1945." 


PORTUGAL 


GENEVA, Muste de FAUstt 
29.75.66k _ : 

EXHIBITON —To SepL 29: 
gall. Picasso. Erast, Klee Ugp ^ 
Colder: Tapestries and Engraving*- n 
•Parc LulluHtd: 74.10.16k ' 

EXHIBITION— To SepL 8: "PmoCT 
nades." * 

•Petit Palais (td: 46. 1433). , j 

EXHIBITION— To SepL 30: 
parcasse 'Belle Epoque : From C»«| 
gall to BufTeL" 


423.1331L 

EXHIBmON — To Aug. 18: “Nob 


vanm 
OPERA — July 
(Schiller). 


i).. 


Wilhelm TdT 


GREECE 


itd Mdidien (tel: 758.1230). 
JAZZ — July 20: Francois Guia 


QuaneL 

•U PWit Jontnal (td: 3263839). 
JAZZ —July 20: Alain Bouchet Quin- 
tet 

July 22: Metropolitan Ja2z Band. 


ATHENS, Festival (td: 322.1439k 
JAZZ — July 22 and 23: Herbie Han- 
cock- . 

OPERA — July 20: "Macbeth" (Ver- 
My2I: “King Pram" (Tippett). 


Masks." 

•National Museum of Modtfn Art 
(teL 21435.61). 

EXHIBITION —To Sept 29: "Modi- 
gSani ExhilatiML'’ 

•Okbra Shukokan Museum (td: 
583J)7^1). v 

EXHIBITION— To Aug. 25: "Indian 
Ink Paintings and Ceramcs." 
•Sbinjuku Banka Center (tel: 
350.11.41). 

CONCERT — July 21: Sbinsd Nihon 
^ l ‘“iy Orcbestra, Kotaro Satn 


j^TORIL. Music Festival (tel: 


26839B0L 

kLS — Ji 


UNITED STATES 


RECITALS — July 20 and 22; Paul 
Tonelher cdlo (Bach). 

SINTRA, Festival (td: 923.39.19k 
EXHIBITION— To July 30: "U^tm 
Lisbon (1845),” 

•Regional Museum (td: 92339.18) 
EXHIBITION —To July 28: “Chns- 
tme Hcttnc." ' 


SCOTLAND 


^unqwdindt. Prokofiev). 


•Sun^tory Museum of Art (te 


EDINBURGH. National Gallery of 
Modem Art (teL* 556.8931). 7 


NEW YORK, American Museum <*] 
Natural History (td: 873.13.00). J 
EXHIBmON—To Atm. 3 1 : 
Treasures of an Ancient Ovihzan^ 
•Metropolitan Museum of Art (»■; 
535.77.10). 

EXHIBITIONS — To Sept I: “M**, 
and tbe Horse." 

To SepL 5: “Revivals and Exploru 
tiom in European decorativearts. f 
■Museum of Modern 
(tel: 708.94.00k .J 

EXHIBITON — To Ocl 1: “K®! 
Schwitters." 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


Page 7 


FOR FUN AND PROFIT 


Flying Virgin Atlantic: 
Quality and Razzmatazz 



by Roger Collis 



SfegSt-*. 





JTC pan / f Ihji 

attavir.stJqH 

rfUa > d ibelto 
F.o^cr,u s ciove ^ , 
ai uuc Me s r.r* eraofEJ rf 
c.. as k;|r,r ; crh ».rest adfe 
: ui-> jrc pretty 

i uai: a* part* of groves. iv 

svthcKur^rdbysuhdJ 
nes‘ccv ■. nfonunaieh.ife 
cumnutnwni on the 'pan * 
nssita^ ir. most of these dots 
rcicrvc the groves as a pg^ 
tuse -ir. j crroiyincKrtL (fo 

Partis Mar.v.on mtaunni 
«fifc scmr*hat >eif-conscim 
preservation vHxen thai^ 
>lsc if- Ar'hfcaHflCf 

absianiij' wnhinss^ 

. iKc • :he wealth.^ 

he wraith 


' of Rsiilaii-' nej Li Vos 
i:p'..u’.c*i'..::c^:. r.i area Ha 
£• iho aha.il sdlliB 

h wf K* buuSr.atfc 


'HAT do cut-price air faxes, a 
luxurious home on a private Ca- 
ribbean island and an attempt to 
break the record for the fastest 
trans-Atlantic sea crossing have in common? 
They all figure in the business plans of 34- 
year-old rock music multimiSiofi&jEre, Rich- 
aid Branson, founder of the Vagin enter- 
tainment group that launched Virgin 
Atlantic, .the maverick airHne, a year ago. 

BrsnsoO. is a consummate publicist with 
an exalted sense of timing. Three weeks ago 
Viran Atlantic, which' flies its angle Boeing 
7471 between Gatwick and Newark, celebrat- 
ed its first anniversary with characteristic 
razzmatazz. At the same rime , Branson an- 
nounced he is throwing open his 74-acre 
island to showbiz and corporate hi gh fliers as 
a vacation ^and conference retreat And next 
week, we a t her permitting, Branson win help 
to crew the Virgin Atlantic Challenger, a 65- 
foot, 4jB00-borseoower catamaran, w hich 
should win back the record for Britain in a 
high-need dash from the Ambrose Light 
Vessel to the SciHy Isles off the southwest tip 
of England Target time for the crossing is 66 
boors. This would dip nearly 16 hours off 
the existing record set in 1952 by the liner 
United States. 

According to Branson, sponsorships and 
TV and video rights have so far covered all 
but £150,000 of the £2 million (about $2.8 
nnflion) needed to finance the project. While 
major airlines make do with advertising. Vir- 
gin Atlantic should get millions of dollars of 
free publicity from TV coverage during the 
crossing. That's the “upside,” as Branson 
Kkes to say. The downside is presumably the 
danger of hitting an underwater iceberg — a 
“growler," which can’t be detected by radar 
— at 60 miles an hour. 

This is the pioneering spirit that has pro- 
pelled Virgin Atlantic into a second year of 
operations. Says Branson: “It’s gone very 
well. Our initial investment was a third erf 
our profits in the first year's trading — half 


erf the Pry 
the fir-t '.a.. 
•srC\ *»;. ,v- ■'■.*«> ■ 

PTp;;! 

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d it 

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.riUiomeik * 
iknej 


SE JT.-V. -r. v i.'ci ri?»cSc 
i> thy. L: • - • j •; Was 
f . r. N.riTns 

inline R. - : ~r. “pirswE- 
sotiL-w 

fei-v: r..cv-.-cr.rf:gl 

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r/. .r..,u±2? ’Jb®* 


nature 
Jlitest f: 
ja, o! the 
U3E by:- 

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inters. - 
& !r. 
tak «s :rt.r 

Si "tl‘ 
rf ch: juri - 
ed JlT.C. - 
ir.. n r irihc. 
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“ the r.vti 

: ... iciiutc'5 

-i- l.-.Mlrii® 1 
■ .’/iiiSN® . 


of what British Caledonian made last year/ 
Virgin has takes a cautious step-by-step 
approach to the airline business. It had an 
option to hand the plane back to Boeing at 
the end of the first, second and third years. 
(“We can never be sure we won’t have the 
Mina problems that Laker had. We've maife 
sure that we can bow oot gracefully and pay 
off our ticket holders should that ever nap- 
pen," Branson says.) But today the airline 
has residual rights to a 747-200. which has 
gone up in^ value by $1 3 ntiffioo, and Branson 
has ordered a second plane for delivery in 
June 1986. This will add four more flights a 
^ week to New York and open up a new route 
< to Mi ami- Virgin now flies a feeder service 
between Gatwick and Maastricht, the Neth- 
erlands, at a round-trip fare of £150. and 
Branson would like to fly into Amsterdam. 
“But we’re not going to attempt to become a 
major international arriinw unless govern- 
ments change the monopoly rules,” he says. 

Branson says he went far a quality rather 
than a no-frills product because he wanted to 
appeal to the business as wdl as the leisure 
raarket.The actual cost of creating a : 
quality airline is not much more man run- 
ning a downmarket airline. People’s Express 
makes about £4 million by charging for food 
and baggage. But in relation to turnover of 
50-60 million a year, it’s much better to get 
another £25 million in load factor” 

Branson chose a 747-200 because it can 
carry a full load of freight as wdl as 460 
passengers. “We pul in seats with an extra 
two indies of room and trained 1 50 new girls 
— rather than girls who’d seen it all before 
— and mixed them with experienced people, 
so as to have a fresh approach. "We put in the 
? best sound and video systems with electronic 
' headphones in both classes. And better food. 
For example, we serve garlic bread separate- 


ly and fresh fruit salad. It doesn’t cost much 
mate, but people remember ” 

One sincere compliment Virgin has had 
was in & leaked report from British Airways. 
According to Steve Harvey, managing direc- 
tor erf Inflight Radio in Loudon: “A couple 
of months after they started, BA sent a 
manager to check oot their flight His rroort 
said that in virtually every sense, Virgin 
Atlantic had more style,, more charisma and 
was a more enjoyable flight than British 
Airways. Inflig ht entertainment was part of 
it There’s style and flair attached to virgin 
which must stem from the European image." 
Virgin has 14 so-called “upper class” seats 
I with a lounge and 


stand-up bar. There’s live entertainment 
throughout the plane. The fare is less than 
half that of first rfaas and sli ghtl y less thap 


Business style 
is one of cautious 
pioneering 


business clas s on other Right now, 

for example, the “upper class” round-1 
fare from London to New York is 
compared with £2/158 in first class and 
£1,024 in business class on British Airways. 
Passengers in “upper class” get free helicop- 
ter service at Newark, and a free 
ticket (which they can use any time) 
to them on boarding the plane. “It’s a direct 
bribe,” Branson says. 

Virgin’s economy is one of the cheap- 

est ways to fly the Atlantic. It is an unre- 
stricted ticket. Round-trip is £378 on week- 
ends and £358 weekdays, compared with 
£758 on BA. This is even cheaper that BA’s 
midweek APEX fare of £384, which is 
hedged with restrictions. In winter, Virgin 
has what it calls a “space class” fare, up front 
of the m«m cabin. This is slightly more 
expensive than economy, but guarantees an 
empty seat next to you. 

tbehotel business? Virgin has The^sland, a 
groovy alternative to the “total travel pack- 
ages” offered by its competitors. 

The Island (Ncckar is its proper n»m« on 
the nuqi) is the most northerly and remote of 
the 50 or so British Virgin Islands. It is 35 
minutes by speedboat man the airport on 
Beef Island, which is connected to the mam 
»<i«nd and capital Tortola, by a causeway. 
The nearest international gateway is San 
Juan, Puerto Rico (35 minutes by island 
airlines) to which there are direct Sights by 
Lufthansa (Frankfurt), Iberia (Madrid) and 
Eastern (New York arid Miami). 

Branson bought The Island (uninhabited 
except for goats, the odd rock mnsiriAn and 
his staff) far 5300,000 sevm years ago. be has 
since built a luxurious Mhop house in Bali- 
nese style with accomodation for up to 20 
There are superb views of the four 
and eight other islands. Branson 
originally intended it as a vacation home, 
but as he has only spent a total of two weeks 
there, he decided to throw it open for others 
— at a price. You can rent the bouse and 
island for 55.500 a day, all in, inefading food, 
drink and recreation. 

If you need any more persuasian. Branson 
offers your party a free round-trip in the 
iqiper cabin of Vngm Atlantic. Unfortunate- 
ly, he doesn’t yet flyquite all the way. Al- 
though he admits, *Tnc oohr reason we’re 
doing Miami is because of The Island” 

Branson affects mild annoyance that he 
can’t *”k<» his family to Tire Mawd this 
Christmas because Robert de Niro has 
booked it. But he might just be kidding. ■ 


Dance in France 


Continued from page 5 



< . r,:'- '- ■ 

* XI *.!»■. • 
"i «ji* c • 

• ;\i: 


U\'V*' 

U.V-*'-- :r 

SAN-d 

i * ■ 
i-s- • 
v 








wlfH 
! v,‘\ 


h:l ; 


sw 


prise the composer's ‘‘Hobdays” Symphony, 
the separate movements of which refer to 
holidays, including Independence Day. Yet 
Ives was not James’s contemporary. More- 
over, James exiled, himself in London and his 
view of American innocence does not square 
with Ives’ sophisticated populism — the view 
of a man very much at home in America. 

■ James’s sense of place in “Washington 
Square” is not that of Ives's ironic picnic 
grounds. Tree, James’s New York society, 
with pretensions to gentility, may have been 
rooted in a crude money-making culture. 
^ Morris Townsend, Catherine Sloper’ s suitor, 
__ - - k interested only in money. But the story is 

■ " _ ,r . .in intimate one and it could have a made a 
r, n ’ ‘perfect ballet for Antony Tudor, as Nureyev 
nas sensed in the interior scenes. In fact, the 
* ^ Tour characters* conflicting feelings are best 

rendered in a Tudor-like passage, set to 
f Ives’s “Unanswered Question.” 

x Nevertheless, the overall effect is of heavy 

static theater. Nureyev had a literary collate 

-wED^* -■ orator for the scenario, Jean-Qaude Car- 
rifcre. and Antoni Taute, a Spanish painter, is 
. .. •ir.i"? responsible for the overly grandiose facades 
: ’■ > • v'i: i . .• — one of wh ich opens up to show the town- 
house interior. Nicholas Georgiadis’s sepia 
costumes for the social-comment scenes suc- 
• ... i *»*"' cessfuDy move away from realism although 
the grotesque masks for the black characters 
“re indefensible. There are good touches. 

. When the marching band bursts onstage, 
Nureyev’s choreography is vividly aKve. A 
1 1 ^ word also for Monique Loudteres as the 

aunt. 


[ V !■ ■ ■' 




word also for Monique Louoieres ai 
. v ^. heroine and Ghislaine Tbesmar as her ; 

The same program featured the 20-year- 
- i-v, ^ ^Ivie Gmllem, recently promoted to the 
' *! ? f 821 ^ of imilCf displaying her hyper-extend- 

■ ."•f L, r i extreme developpis in Kenneth MacMil- 


lan’s “Song of the Earth” and in Maurice 
art’s new duet, “Movement-Rythme- 
Etude.” Eric Yu-Ao, as intense and polished 
dancer, partnered her in this post-Robbins 
encounter between two dancers who meet 
and part A sensation since she won the top 
prize in the 1983 Varna competition, Guil- 
lem has only to step on a stage to take it over. 
Loose-hipped within a natural flow, her 
dancing has a cod presence, mysterious in 
the way AHegra Kent’s was. 

M eanwhile, two iifar revivals 

proved more than curious. The Bal- 
let Th&trc Franpris de Nancy pre- 
sented Syhdane Bayard (a guest) and Patrick 
Annand in “Aubade,” the 1946 ballet to 
Poulenc’s score, in which Diana very visibly 
turns Acteon into a deer. If most erf the 
choreography seemed conventional, there 
were twists and archaic images that were not. 

How much of Liar’s choreography was 
actually performed by PKsetskayafnow also 
director of the Rome Opera Ballet) in 
“PhWre,” to Georges Auric’s marie, is de- 
batable. Nearing 60, she still stands firmly 
on toe and retains her grandiloquent pres- 
ence. The ballet is worth seeing for Cocteau’s 
concept. Each dramatic episode is intro- 
duced by a tableau v tvam within a small 
theater onstage. The curtains are drawn, for 
instance, to reveal Hippolyras against black 
and white homes photographed by BrassaL 
Hippolytus, by tbe way, wears a chartreuse 
wig to match his leotard, just as tbe charac- 
ter, Oenone, is topped in lavender to match 
her costume. Tbe male ensemble, in apricot, 
jogs around with flexed biceps. like all Coc- 
teau ballets, this one is fascinating. ■ 

© 1935 The New York runes 


TRAVEL 


Edinburgh: Relics of Independence 


by Vivian Lewis 


E DINBURGH — Anywhere in Edin- 
burgh, the castle looks down on 
you. With its Old Town, it is a 
brooding relic of the independent 
kingdom of Scotland, with princes and 
court, preachers and populace, all huddled 
together on the spiny, impregnable hilltop 
tunning from Edinburgh Castle to Holyrood 
Palace, the Royal MDe. The castle ceased to 
be a seat of power after tbe defeat of Bozrnie 
Prince Charlie, its defenses shattered when 
the Nor* Loch was drained in 1766. 

With the loch filled, Edinburgh could ex- 
pand beyond the Auld Reekie; the original 
hilltop. A square mile of reclaimed land was 
developed by purest Georgian enlightened 
dty planning, at the price of political power. 
The shopping area of Princes Street, the 
Mound on which the Royal Gallery stands 
(made of dredged earth), the stately squares 
and elegant crescents, the open vistas and 
lovely gardens of the 18th-century New 
Town, could only be buhl because Scotland 
was no longer an independent country, nor 
Edinburgh its capitaL Even the nanw of 
streets show theHanoverian hold: George, 
Frederick and Hanover streets, Charlotte 
Square, York Place. 

A modem visitor to Edinburgh should 
walk from the Soott Memorial on Princes 
Street, part of the 19th-century process by 
which Scotland became the land of home- 
grown folklore, bagpipes and kilts. Venera- 
tion of the country’s first major novelist 
marks the transition from Scotland the 
Brave to Scotland the Cute. Sr Walter Scott 
is commemorated by the largest monumen t 
on Princes Street — a sort of Victorian, 
Gothic-revival spaceship in which he is de- 
picted silting with a dog preparing for lift- 
off. 

To reach the earliest building in the city 
takes a strong-legged climb to the castle 
from the New Town. It is a tiny white chapel 
in the middle of a courtyard among tbe 
f. rp p rfntfd buildings and walls that owe 
more to Victorian imagination than medi- 
eval defense. The minuscule oratory of St 
Margaret a Scottish queen so unlike the 
others that dw was (her predeces- 

sor was Lady Macbeth) is a serene 12th- 
century relic of the first queen to wear plaid 
and the first Scot to become exercised about 
the strict observance of the Sabbath. 

La the Royal Chambers of the castle, the 
room where James VI (later James I of En- 
was borne by Mary Stuart is one of 
interesting rights. The bulk of the castle 
was so substantially restored a century ago 
that now sane of it is considered to be of 
architectural merit as Vlctoriana. It houses a 
ceremonial hodgepodge of Scottish regimen- 
ral hist Ofy. As at Car nacrvon in Wales, cos- 

outlawe^nationahsm. There is another^ dog 
memorial, to a regimental mutt who survived 
the Charge of the Light Brigade but not 
London traffic. 


E VERYTHING is downhill from here, 
so a good look over tbe neat squares 
erf. the New Town to the Firth of Forth 
should precede jL A first-sight walk down 
.die Royal MDe is the stair-nBed house of 
Stair, now a museum to Scottish writ- 
Robert Burns, Robert Louis Steven- 


son and the ubiquitous Sr Walter, commem- 
orated by many walking sticks. The 1 Ith 
stair between die Robbie Burns floor and the 
Scott floor is higher than the others — so a 
housebreaker will stumble and be known. 

Lady Stair’s House is in a dose, a typical 
Edinburgh allqy perpendicular to the Royal 
Mile. (A w\md is an alley open at the end.) In 
Edinburgh, the word “tenement” went from 
describing a form of property tenure to being 
a description of a crowded slam apartment 

CT^E^nburgh invention^ is GhSstone’s 
Land, a series of six four-room apartments 

the ground 
pins 
'in 
two 


over an arcade and a shop on 
floor, each inhabited by a whole ft 


servant (who slept in a sort of Murphy 
tbe kitchen.) Gladstone himself lived up 
corkscrew flights of stairs so be could rent 
out the more desirable floor. 

The surprises of 17th-century lifestyle is 
that it wasn't all that dour and dreary. The 
large front room (bedroom for the parents 


showing bright-colored flowers and fruit, 
more Scandinavian than Scottish in feeling. 
Life may have been dirty (there's a privy m 
the kitchen along with the tiny servant's bed) 
but-it was pretty and colorful too. 

Even Join Knox’s Presbyterian interior 
was brightly decorated, a^ain with a painted 
ceding, showing the deviL There's also a wall 
pain tag of what is said to be Adam and Eve 
— complete with a mystery third party. 
Knox’s 15th-century house is further down 
the Royal Mile, dose to the Nethergate Port 
(now an arts cento-) through which the Jaco- 
bites entered the dty in 1745. 

The preacher’s greatest target lived right 
on the bottom of tbe street, in Holyrood 
Palace, Mary Queen of Scots, who was about 
as unlike Queen Margaret as can be, lived in 
the older wing which, at lost as restored by 
her great-gran dson, Charles IL has a surpris- 
ing similarity to a Loire chiteau. Charles 
also installed the picture gallery of Scottish 
tnonarehs. 111 kings, all of whom have the 
pendulous nose mid rosebud mouth of 
Charles II himself. 

Here in Holyrood there took place the 
conspiracy led by Mary’s second husband to 
have her secretary dragged from her pres- 
ence and murdered. You can visit both tbe 
room where the queen and Ricdo were 
found, and the room bek>w, with Lord Dam- 
ley’s great bed, through which the mufferers 
had come, and you can speculate on tbe 
motives fa the murder which led to such a 
long train of murders. 

Mary Stuart memorabilia in the palace 
includes two needlework plaques she em- 


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bradered. One shows a red-haired cat toying 
with a little gray mouse, tearing it but not 
putting it out of its terror. Done during 
Mary’s captivity in England, it may be an 
allegory of hex own treatment at the hands of 
red-headed Elizabeth I. There is also a spec- 
tacular. mined llth-12th century abbey 
church. 

Before leaving the palace precincts, you 
might loOk in at the oldest continuously 
operated pub in the city. Jenny Ha, at Golf- 
ers Land. The budding is new but the busi- 
ness is an old one. The original landlord of 
the site was a shoemaker named John Peter- 
son who built the close with money he won 
as partner of the Duke of Yak (later James 
VU and II) at golf. Cal ion Road (where the 
weaver met Nancy Whiskey in tbe song) and 
Fish Street will take you to the New Town 
without climbing the hDL 


P RINCES PARK is full of benches 
donated by Scots abroad, among 
them ones from an American colonel 
who set them up in honor of all his wives. 
Charlotte Square, the heart of Georgian Ed- 
inburgh. is now the financi al district. At No. 
7 on the north ride of the traffic-filled 
square, the Scottish National Trust’s Geor- 
gian house is tbe perfect counterpoint for the 
17th-century residences of the Mile. With 
two spacious floors on view, its gracious 
ffving contrasts with Gladstone’s Land. But 


even here there is still a touch of Scottish 
economy: Tbe exterior stone is unpainted 
and gray, the stair uncaipeted. the silver in 
fact Sheffield plate. 

Except during the festival when they open 
Sunday afternoons. Edinburgh museums 
still observe Sl Margaret’s Sabbatarianism. 
All are open weekdays from 10 A.M. to 5 
P.M. Admission to the castle is the most 
expensive, at £2 (about S2.80); at all the 
other sites you will get change from a pound 
note. 

Edinburgh is a walker’s town but if you 
cannot manage the hill a taxi from Scott to 
the top will cost £1. 

Edinburgh food is simple and reliable, but 
rarely memorable. At the castle end of the 
Mile, Cinq (in a wynd off Bom-ell’s Court) 
has both pub food and an upstairs restau- 
rant. Salad and sandwich bars on the Mile 
have a health-food slant and a hippy air. In 
the New Town, Terrace Restaurant on Rose 
Street has a help-yoursdf salad bar and 
offers a choice of three roasts in tbe Caryery 
(about £10). If you must have a haggis, a 
traditional Scottish kitchen is The Laird's 
Corner, 26 Victoria Street; it also offers 
carry-out haggis (not tested by the writer). 

Along the Royal M3e are several shops 
selling Shetland-type knits in unconvention- 
al styles, like 158 and 166 Canongale; prices 
are very reasonable fa the flair and 
labor involved. 


Plaids and tweeds are sold throughout tbe 
city, and prices vary enormously. A woman's 
Harris tweed suit can cost from £95- up. a 
jacket from £45. It is worth comparison 
shopping, just as the Scots do themselves. 
Most shops will promise to reimburse the 
British value-added tax on exports. 

For men. there is an alternative to the 
unwearable plaid tie: a decorated tie in more 
discreetpaitern of the clan's crested pin. At 
Celtic Craft Center. Paisley Close (95-101 
High Street), they will help you find your 
crest, and charge £5.50 (in polyester). 

Tbe Aberdeen whisky merchants William 
Catcnhead have opened a branch at 172 
Canongate (Royal Mile) selling 100 different 
single-malt unblended whiskies from 12 
years old to older. Speyride doesn't taste like 
Campbeltown, and the experts can distin- 
guish Islav from Highland malts. Alas, the 
shop is not allowed to offer you tastes. Whis- 
kies cost about £10 and up. and you can ship 
a case of IS bottles out excise-free (although 
you will have to pay duty on arrival in most 
countries). 

Tbe Mile boasts antique shops specializ- 
ing in maps, playing cards and Scottish 
kUsch, hall a dozen an galleries and the 
purveyor of fudge to Princess Anne (too 
sweet even for the Fanny Fanner taste of our 
family princess). ■ 

Vivian Lewis is a Paris-based journalist. 


HcralbmSribuiic. 


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The Internationa! Herald Tribune invites you 
to attend the 80th Anniversary of the 

GORDON BENNETT 
AUTOMOBILE CUP 

Sunday, July 21 , in the Auvergne countryside 
near Clermont-Ferrand, France. 



In 1900, James Gordon Bennett, 
Jr., founder of the International Herald 
Tribune, created the first International 
Automobile Cup. The winner averaged 
38.4 mpb (61 .9 kph) — despite a collision 
with a tage Saint Bernard. 

On Sunday, July 21 , 1985, sixty 
cars built between 19C8 and 1945 will 
participate in a Gordon Bennett Memorial 
Rally commemorafing the 80th anniversary 
of tne last Gordon B^nettAutomobleGjp, 
held in 1905 in the Auvergne countryside 
near Clermont-Ferrand, France. 

Participating ays from seven 
countries will drive the same 137 km route 
designated by the Michelin brothers for the 
1905 race. Departure will be at 8 am. 


from the Maine de Lasdramp, 14 km west 
of Clermont-Ferrand, on route 941 A 

Regularity trials will start at 3 p.m. 
at the Grcuit de Cnarode, a 4 km moun- 
tain racecourse just west of Germont- 
Ferrand where several French Grand Prix 
have been held 

An exhibit? cxi on the 1905 
Gordon Bennett Race will be open from 
July 15 to 25 at the Maison ctes Congres in 
Germont-Ferrcyid. 

All events are organized by the 
Automobile Club d’ Auvergne and will be 
free to the public For additional 
information contact the International 
Herald Tribune in Pare, td. 747 1 2 65, 
ext. 4566. 


Noteworthy Participants in the 
1 985 Gordon Bennett Memorial Rally 

1903 de Dion-Bouton — Partiapant in the 1903 Paris-Madrid race. 

1907 Fiat Mephistapheles ■ — Set a world speed record in 1924: 146 mph (234.9 kph). 
1908 Hutton — Winner of the Tourist Trophy in England in 1908. 

1932 Peugeot 301 — Set a 24-hour speed record in 1932. 

1932 Alfa Romeo LL33 — Winner at Le Marts in 1932 





FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


Iteralfr 


TONAL 



Sribunc. 


PaUbM W* The New Yu* Tin* tad The Varfdnjjoa Port 


Volcker Weighs the Risks 


The Federal Reserve Board is now following 
a course that carries substantial risks. At a 
tim e when a gigantic borrowing boom is under 
way in America, the Fed lias decided to toler- 
ate the recent rapid expansion of the money 
supply. As it argues in its midyear review this 
week any other dedskm would be far riskier. 

The Federal Reserve's intentions carry ex- 
traordinary weight currently, for it is the only 
moving part in the machinery that steers na- 
tional economic policy. The Reagan adminis- 
tration, haying created a gigantic budget defi- 
cit, is showing no great inclination to do much 
about it Congress is struggling to .bring the 
deficit under control but the prospects for 
progress are not dramatic. Only the Fed con- 
tinues to exert direct influence on the economy 
from week to week, as it pushes money into the 
hanldng system or pulls it out — with interest 
rales falling or rising in response. 

Normally, when a borrowing boom gexs 
under way, the Federal Reserve has a clear 
duty to restrain the money supply. A surge in 
borrowing generally comes late in the business 
cycle after a period of strong growth, when the 
economy is starting to overheat and signs of 
rising inflation appear. But that is not happen- 
ing this year. One of the peculiarities of the 
Reagan administration's economic strategy is 
that it has inadvertently unlink ed supply from 
demand in America. Previously, when demand 
rose rapidly, industrial production kept pace. 


and that is where the inflationary dangers 
became visible. But now, when demand rises, 
an increasing share of it is met by production 
in other countries. Inflation stays relatively 
low — and imcmroloyment stays high- 

Paul Volcker, the chairman of the Federal 
Reserve Board, made that point to a congres- 
sional committee this week. Demand has been 
rising at the brisk pnmmt rate of more than 4 
percent so far this year, but the output of 
goods and services has been rising at only 14 

percent or less. The difference between the two 

figures Hes in the rising American trade deficit. 
It is being financed with borrowed money. 

While some parts of the economy are pros- 
pering mightily, others — those that must 
compete with the imports — are under great 
pressure, with low profits and low production. 
In these circumstances the Fed fears, with 
reason, that any sudden tightening of the mon- 
ey supply would produce a sharp recession. 

The Fed would dearly like to see Congress 
reduce the budget deficit, it would Bke to see 
the dollar’s exchange rate continue to come 
down and the trade deficit narrow. But as long 
as the dollar stays high, industrial production 
stays sluggish and inflation stays low, Mr. 
Volcker says that the Fed is not inclined to 
restrain money severely despite the borrowing 
boom. It is taking chances but. as Mr. Volcker 
argues, it has no acceptable alternative. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


After a Brush With Cancer 


So dread is the very thought of cancer that 
many people were no doubt stunned and sad- 
dened at the first word that cancer bad been 
found in the intestinal tumor removed from 
President Reagan on Saturday. Yet his doctors 
immediately went on to report (hat all of the 
mali gnanc y had been removed and that Mr. 
Reagan has an excellent chance to recover 
quickly and completely, to return to his former 
level of activity and to live a good and long life. 
AH of ns surely wish that that will be so. 

In speaking of Mr. Reagan’s medical pro- 
spects, the doctors referred to percentages: 
They said, for instance, that (here is “greater 
than a 50-percent chance” of a complete cure. 
On tbe calculator that each of us carries in his 
head, that can produce tbe doleful conclusion 
that the president has as much as a 50-percent 
chance of more sickness. But that sort of 
calculation leaves out the consideration that 
Mr. Reagan is already at an age where he is, at 
least theoretically, vulnerable to assorted ill- 
nesses. Perhaps the correct conclusion is that 
he is in his 70s but is also basically healthy. 
Those are the two things that the American 
people knew about his physical condition 


First the assassin's bullets, then the shadow 
of cancer. President Reagan has defied both 
grim threats with good fortune and remarkable 
serenity. No major operation on an elderly 
patient can be assumed free of risk, bat Mr. 
Reagan seems to be recovering rapidly. There 
seems every reasonable likelihood that he has 
stepped clear of his brush with cancer and will 
continue his term in full health. That is excel- 
lent news for him and for tbe nation. 

The Reagan White House this time avoided 
the confusion of authority in the hours after 
the 1981 assassination attempt. No secretary 
of state misleadingly proclaimed himself in 
charge, and there was no doubt about who 
hdd authority while Mr. Reagan lay helpless 
in surges. The president transferred his pow- 
ers to Vice President George Bush from the 
moment he underwent anesthesia, and he re- 
claimed them on recovery -later on Saturday. 

Despite the orderliness of the process under 
the 25th Amendment, the White House in- 
voked it with curious reluctance. It delayed 
informing Mr. Bush that he was acting presi- 
dent until after the fact, and the president's 
strangely worded letter stressed that he was 
“not intending to set a precedent'’ Precedent 


when they re-elected him less than a year ago. 
In this respect, not much has changed. 

Whai we know about Mr. Reagan’s cancer 
comes chiefly from the accounts given by his 
doctors in the Iasi few days. They are medical 
men, butihe implications of their analyses are 
profoundly political in the way they affect 
public confidence. Once again, it appears, the 
president has been well served in his choice of 
doctors. We speak not so much of their medi- 
cal skills, which it is for others to judge; as of 
the evident clarity and candor they have dis- 
played in their appearances beforejonmalists. 
At a time when a 74-year-old president has had 
a brush with cancer, no thing is more useful 
and necessary than the public's conviction that 
the doctors are competent and intend to prac- 
tice a vigilan t watch on their patient, and also 
that they are telling the public everything that 
is on the public's mind to ask. 

Ronald Reagan has been beating (he odds 
and prevailing over 50-percent chances for as 
long as we can remember. It is a distinguishing 
mark of the man, and we are confident that 
this case will be no different. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


or not, the transfer procedure should become 
routine on similar occasions. 

Mr. Reagan's doctors at the Bethesda Naval 
Medical Center merit praise for a successful 
operation and public accounting. But there are 
questions about the prior treatment. Why was 
tire large polyp not discovered sooner? Why 
was tire whole colon not examined after detec- 
tion of the first small polyp, removed in May 
last year, or the second, removed last March? 
Some reassurance is needed that presidents are 
getting tire best medical care, however pressing 
their duties or political agendas. 

No illness is timely, but Mr. Reagan’s could 
have come at much worse moments. His recov- 
ery will no doubt interfere with his plans to 
lead Congress toward a major deficit reduction 
and tax reform. But be had already scheduled 
a three-week vacation in August at his ranch. 
He should be well recovered to keep his date 
with Mikhail Gorbachev, in November. Just a 
few hours after coming round from his colon 
operation, Mr. Reagan seized bade with alacri- 
ty the powers he had transferred to Mr. Bush. 
His zest for life and office is tbe best possible 
sign that be will successfully fulfill berth. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Opinion 


Reagan Has Work Yet to Do 

The presidency of the United States is not 
like the leadership of tbe Soviet Union. There 
is no (hugging bureaucracy winch can render a 
sickly chieftain null and void for months on 
end. There is a constant need not only to keep 
abreast of events but to be endlessly seen on 
television as commanding those events. Mr. 
Reagan, moreover, has a diary chock full of 
challenges. He hasn't got a budget yet. His tax 
reform crusade has barely begun and will get 
nowhere without his personal commitment. 
Mr. Gorbachev awaits him in November. Be- 


yond that the midterm elections move ever 
closer. He cannot afford to be out of the firing 
tine for more than a few weeks. If he doesn't 
seem to be fully in charge and fully active by 
the middle of September, we may begin to 
witness a rapid draining away of authority. 

Ronald Reagan, with more than three years 
left as leader of the Western world, could then 
become a neglected ceremonial figure, while 
beneath him the challengers for power next 
time, and those who serve them on the White 
House staff, will begin to scrabble for the 
authority that has left the Oval Office. 

— The Guardian ( London J. 


FROM OUR JULY 19 PAGES, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1910: Aeroplanes to Rqriaee Antos? 
PARIS — Comte Jacques de Lesseps, the 
French aviator, is convinced that the aero- 
plane has commercial value. “On (being farms 
of tbe West,” he said to a Herald correspon- 
dent, “a man with a Bkriot, rising and de- 
scending anywhere, would be able to cover aD 
his property in a short time.” Tbe remark 
reminds one of the practical results achieved 
by the aeroplane, and calls up a vision of a 
time when fanners may make the daily round 
of great farms in aeroplanes. It also makes one 
wonder whether another period of abandon- 
ment may not be awaiting the highways which 
fell asleep when the (rain vanquished the stage 
coach, and were recalled to fife by the auto- 
mobile. Comte de Lesseps believes aeroplanes 
wOl soon be as common as automobiles. 


1935: Selassie Calk Abyssinia to War 
ADDIS ABABA — Haile Selassie, Emperor of 
Abyssinia, made a stirring address to his peo- 
ple Ion July 18], calling upon yotmg and old to 
unite and if necessary to die “in a common 
resistance to the invader.’' Speaking before an 
assembly of the chiefs and notables of the 
land, be denounced Italy's ambitions. “For 40 
years Italy has been nourishing a desire to 
conquer Ethiopia. After attacking the Ethiopi- 
an escort of the Anglo- Ethiopian boundary 
commission at Wal-Wal on our territory, last 
December, she is now asking for reparation. If 
□o peaceful solution is found, Ethiopia will 
place her destinies in the hands of God. It is far 
better to die free than to live as slaves. We are 
poor, but we shall show the world how a 
people can die in defense of its sovereignty." 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE 

JOHN HA Y WHITNEY, Chairma n 1938-1982 

.KATHARINE GRAHAM, WILLIAM S. PALEY. ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 

Co-Chairmen 


PHILIP M.FOISIE 
WALTER WELLS 
SAMUEL ABT 
ROBERT K. McCABE 
CARL GEWIRTZ 


LEE W. HUEBNER, Pubiisker 

Executive Editor RENE BONDY Deputy Publisher 

Editor ALAIN LECOUR Asseaaie Pubhsker 

Deputy Editor RICH ARD H. MORGAN Anociaie Publisher 

Deputy Editor STEPHAN W. CONAWAY Director of Operation 

Aaoaate Editor FRANCOIS DESMA ISONS Director of Gradation 

ROLF D. KRANEFVJHL Director al Advtrttsnr Soles 


ROLF D. KRANEPUHL Director cj Advertising Saks 
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"Bonn Jilmtw II, WffT'QiHiftl'irff* 


9 * 


AFRICA 



rjDCxrww] 

S&upfrwuTJ 


Sweeping Away a Few More Myths About Africa 


L ONDON — “If the hungry could eat words, 
e Africa would recover,” observed a BBC 
commentator earlier this year. For all the words 
spoken, written and sung, what have we learned? 

Quite a bit, as a matter of fact. Not least, some 
myths have been shattered: 

• The myth that famine stalks the continent 
because of climatic changes. The truth is that we 
do noL know if the climate in Africa is becoming 
drier. Tbe majority of meteorologists would sub- 
scribe to the view of the Canadian climatologist 
Kenneth Hare, who wrote last year that the 
recent droughts are part of “a natural fluctua- 
tion.” He addflri, however, that “it is uot incon- 
ceivable — ■ though still unlikely — that human 
interference may be prolonging and intensifying 
the dry spells natural to tbe climate.'' One thing 
we can be sure of: Bad agricultural practices do 
not make good use of the rain that falls. 

• The myth that Africa cannot feed itself As 
recently as' 1970, Africa was self-sufficient in 
food.' Other continents, not least Asia, have gone 
through crises of food production and are now 
weO out of them. While it is true that Africa as a 
whole has poorer soils than Asia and a water 
table that is much lower, which makes irrigation 
more difficult, there is still great room for im- 

More Harm Than. Good 

T HE Live Aid rock concert was an orgy of 
pointless and misdirected emotionalism 
which is likely to have a harmful effect on the 
starving people of the African famine belt It was 
dominated by the ail too familiar poring and 
publicity seeking of the pop music industry, with 
ignorant and self-seeking figures posturing on 
tbe stage in a frenzy of childish demands upon 
government to do what sane and competent 
governments know is not possible. 

All of this has very little to do with the prob- 
lem. If anything, it will do harm by encouraging 
the governments whose mistaken policies are 
largely responsible for the severity of the situa- 
tion to do nothing to reform those policies. The 
concert win encourage people in the developed 
countries to believe that the problem is somehow 
the fault erf their own governments and people, 
rather than the Africans. This is not true. 

The harsh truth is that the disaster in tbe 
African famine belt is almost entirely the fault of 
the various governments concerned. Drought in 
Africa is not unprecedented, and it is not impos- 
sible to prepare for it by storing food and seed. 
— This has been adapted from an editorial 
in the Australian Financial Review (Sydney). 


By Jonathan Power 

provement The rich soils of Quid alone, with the 
right techniques, could feed the entire Sahel 

• The myth that Africa is overwhelmed by popu- 
lation growth. In some countries the rates of 
population growth are faster than anywhere else 
m the world, yet Africa as a whole is not over- 
populated. The average population density is 16 
per square kilometer, compared with 100 per 
square kilometer for China and 25 for India. In 
some parts of tbe continent the population is so 
thinly spread that it is difficult to organize activi- 
ty on a reasonable economic scale. 

• The myth that pastoralists' overstocking has 
produced erosion and desertification. The distin- 
guished anthropologist Mervyn Herskovits ar- 
gued in 1926 that East African benders were 
locked into elaborate social and political systems 
that forced them to maximize the size of their 
herds, irrespective of the damage to tbe environ- 
ment. Present evidence suggests that herds are 
not usually too large, that herding keeps many 
areas From regresong into unproductive bush 
and that grasslands can recover from overgrazing 
more quickly than is commonly supposed, as 


There is no convincing evidence of widespread 
desertification caused by pastoralism. Neverthe- 
less, there are, in times of drought, temporary 
spasms of overgrazing that wreak great havoc. 

• The myth that most aid has been spent on 
agricultural' development. After the 1968-1973 
drought, donors and local governments pledged 
that their n umber-one goal for the Sahel wassdf- 
soffidency in food production. Billions of dollars 
of aid poured in. But between 1975 and 1981, 35 
percent of the aid went on shipping in food from 
abroad Another third went to infrastructure, 
transport telecommunications, health care and 
water supply. Only 4 percent of the aid was used 
to grow rain-fed food crops and only \5 percent 
on tree planting or soQ and water conservation. 

• The myth that we really know what is going 
on. The statistics on Africa cannot be trusted. 
One example is not atypical: According to the 
Nigerian government the 1980 production of 
cassava was 6.7 metric minion tons. The UN 
Food and Agricultural Organization reported 
that it was 92 million tons. The U.S. Department 
of Agriculture pal it at 14.8 million tons. Such 
discrepancies mean that no one knows if there is 
great success or awful failure. 

• The myth that u*? know what to do. The belief 
that scientific knowledge could double output if 
only there were the political will is not true. Little 
food crop research has been done on staples. 


What has been done has rarely been field tested 
in the local ecological and economic conditions. 

These observations are partly prompted by 
Lloyd Timberiake’s new book “Africa in Crisis.” 
published by Eanhscan. It is by far (he best of 
the near flood of volumes that have appeared on 
the subject in the last few months. 

Where do we all go next? Tbe temptation is for 
well-meaning advisers and helpers to rush in. but 
that is not the answer. According to a World 
Food Cbundl report, Burkina Faso, for one. had 
visits from 340 aid missions in 1981. Harassed 
officials spent a great deal of their time meeting 
and seeing off the visitors. 

Some 80,000 expatriates work for public agen- 
cies in Africa ana more than half the S7 billion 
spent each year by donors goes on salaries. Etf i- 
bril Diallo, a Senegalese UN official has com- 
plained: “Africa’s biggest problem is too many 
people going around the continent with solutions 
to problems they don't understand.” 

Before anyone else calls for some great Mar- 
shall Han to save Africa, there should be a big 
pause for a big think — and only then some 
steady and careful steps forward. 

International Herald Tribune. AH rights reserved 

The Poor Feed the Rich 

T> ECAUSE the poor axe feeding the rich, fam- 
D inein many parts of the world will increase. 
Ironically, the conventional strategy of develop- 
ment agencies and many Third world govern- 
ments — to encourage still greater exports *— 
mily makes matters worse. In tbe throb of its 
current misery, Africa offers a striking illustra- 
tion. Media accounts portray the continent’s 
food problem as a blend of drought, disease, 
overpopulation, political instability and ineffi- 
cient peasant fanning. The prevailing belief is 
that Africa is a basket case winch will survive 
only through massive, open-ended aid. In fact it 
is a ridi and steady source rtf crops consumed 
daily in the advanced nations — meat, vegeta- 
bles, tea, coffee, cocoa, sugar — and even of fresh 
flowers for the dinner table. 

Increased exports win benefit international 
agribusiness, which dominates Third World agri- 
cultural production, and wffi jmaintain the large 
landholders there, but it will not feed hungry 
Africans. The question “What can poor countries 
do to become self-suffidentT requires a small 
but critical change to “What can rich countries 
do to become seff-suffiaeut?” 

— Albert L Huebner, an expert on hunger 
who teaches at CaUfornia State University, 
writing in the Nation ( New York). 


S ALISBURY, Connecticut — A 
year or so ago, the 76-year-old 
president of China, Li Xiannian, 
chatting with me — we are about the 


the ferocious Moslem horsemen of 
the Ma family clan. They cut the 


same age — said: “You and I are on plodding infantrymen of Li Xian- 
ihe way oat, but I think we are all nian’s army to bits. On their fleet 
happy to postpone our meeting with horses, the Ma rroops could cover in 


tne way our, out J trumc we are an 
happy to postpone our meeting with 
tbe Lord Yangwang — that is, God, 
as you call him.' 1 

Mr. Li, who arrives in Washington 
on Monday for a state visit, has post- 
poned his meeting with Lord Yang- 
wang with extraordinary success in a 


By Harrison £. Salisbury 

item horsemen of One day Mr. Li and his tattered 
an. They cut the band heard a plane. Tbey prepared a 
men of Li Xian- last stand. To their surprise, the plane 
is. On their fleet glided to a landing on tbe desert and 


one hour the distance it took Mr. Li's 
weary men a whole day to cover. 

Under orders from the Red Army 
command, Mr. Li tried to lead his 
troops westward, hoping to escape to 
remote Xinjiang province, then under 


Thirty-eight years ago this month, 
Li was down to his last 1,000 men* 


career filled with peril No one look- 
ing at his full dignified figure would 
imagine that the silver-haired gentle- 


man was once a hard-muscled survi- 
vor of 100 desperate battles. This has 
lent a stubborn frankness to bis di- 
plomacy in the era of (hot other tough 
survivor, Deng Xiaoping. 

Stubbornness, frankness and 
toughness are traits not uncommon 
among those who, some 50 years ago, 
made (he Long March that ultimately 
established Mao Zedong as leader of 
tbe Chinese Communist revolution in 
1949. To survive that march required 
muscle, iron will and determination. 

Of those on the march, only 5.000 
to 6,000 made it to the finish line — 
no one more improbably than Li 
Xiannian. Every actuarial table, ev- 
ery law of averages, every common 
senseiudgmem would have predicted 
(hat be would have met the Lord 
Yangwang by 1 936 or 1937. Nor were 
these the only odds that he would 
face in half a century of participation 
in Chinese politics. 

Li Xiannian. bora into a poor fam- 
ily in central Hubei province, joined 
the Red Army as a recruit and rose 
through the ranks to command the 
30th Army of the Communist Fourth 
Fran Army by 1936. In 1937 he was 
29, an “elderly man" to the teen-agers 
who made up Ins command. Hehad 
already been fighting for a decade. 

Mao and the remnants of the First 
Front Army, under his direct control, 
had by now reached die relative sanc- 
tuary of northern Shaanxi. In 1936 
the Fourth Army was on its way to 
join Mao when Mr. Li’s 30th Army 
was diverted onto what was euphe- 
mistically called “the western expedi- 
tion." It proved the most disastrous 
in the history of (he Red Army. 

Worn out by years of hard fighting, 
Li Xiannian's forces were sent norm 
across the Yellow River and encoun- 
tered the deadly Nationalist cavalry. 


the Soviet Union's friendly influence. 
But the attacks went on. Thirty-eight 
years ago this month, Li Xi annian 
was down to his last 1,000 men. He 
had lost almost aD his officers. Ma 
trodps captured one of Mr. Li’s com- 
manders. bound him to the muzzle of 
a cannon and blew him to bits. 

Mr. Li disposed his men in small 
bands. He bid no maps. He calculat- 
ed his route with a compass and by 
observing the stars. He knew they 
were somewhere beyond the end of 
China's Great Wall on the Gobi De- 
sert approaches to Xinjiang. 


a leather-jacketed figure stepped out 
— Chen Yun. a member of the Polit- 
buro, sent out to locate them. Mr. Li's 
life was saved. He joined Mao in 
northern Shaanxi on Jan. 1, 1938. It 
was months before all of his strag- 
gling men were collected. 

That was his closest call to a meet- 
ing with the Lord Yangwang. But 
there had been others, and more lay 
ahead. In his family he was the fifth 
son. Brothers two and three were 
killed by the Kuominiang, as he 
would have been if caught. His eldest 
brother fought with the Kncanmtang. 
“1 probably would have had him 
wiped oat if he had been at home," 
Mr. Li recalled. Brother number four 
was a fence-sitter. 

Mr. U was twice wounded in the 
Long March. He still carries a bullet 
in his leg. It used .to bother him when 
the weather was damp. Now that he is 
advanced in years, it does not 

Fighting was not the only peril in 
bis career. The Fourth Front Army 
was subject to a violent range under 
the command of Zhang Guotao, one 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 

The Odds Have Gianged f 1 * 1 “ technological developments ly f« mi 

1TI9V fw* cnrru-ivh#»n» at <nnv> h'nw 9 


he Odds Have Changed M as technological developments 
„ __ . . „ ® may be, somewhere at some time a 

Regarding President Reagan’s iB- part fails —and so will the world. 

MU*! H. RICHARD SONIS. 

Brookline, Massachusetts. 


□css, I suggest that he give serious 
thought to resigning. Presumably he 
would not have run if it had been 
known that he had only around a 50- UJS. ; 
percent chance of completing his Weinbe 
term; and if he had ran, fewer would Help to 


US. Secretaiy of Defense Caspar 
eraberecr writes, in “Why SDI wfll 
tip to Create a Safer World" (July 


have voted for him. Now, five months If), that the Strategic Defense Imtia- 
into his term, he faces tbe incalcula- live “is aimed at exploring innovative 
ble stress that anyone must fed when ideas for effective, nonnuclear de- 


confronted with sudi odds for surviv- lenses 
al. Perhaps in the days of Wilson, fessor 


ballistic missiles." Pro- 
d Tdler, another SDI 


Franklin Roosevelt or even Eisen- hawk, has told the West German dai- 
hower Americans could live with a ly Die Welt (July I) dial die SDI 
president in problematic health, but could involve nuclear explosions in 
today’s world of instant communica- space. Talk about looney tunes! 


lion makes huge demands on the HELGA VOSS, 

leader of the free world. Nuremberg, West Germany. ' 

STEPHEN V. GALLUP. 

^ One Lesson of a Tragedy 

Fears About 'Star Wars’ Your story on the Perry brothers* 
_ , ... ... rise and fall (“4 Tragic, Puzzling End 

The aborted launch of the space to Harlem Success Story, ”Jtdv 8) was 
shuttle Challenger on July Ij. because especially poignant in its sense of loss 
of the mechanical failure of a small fa fa vanoSparties involved. As 
actuator should serve to bring the one whose immediate family has ex- 
al truistic nuclear and "star wars" ■ perienced a brutal American ghetto 
dreamers down to Earth. As wonder- slaying, I could identify with thesad- 


That Bang 
Resounds 
To This Day 

By Tom Wicker 

W ASHINGTON — Forty years 
ago. “in the New Mexico de- 
sert. earlv on 3 Monday morning, 16 
July 194$. the sun could be judged lb 
rise twice.'* The “false dawn" »a$- 
Trinitv, the find nuclear explosion, as 
recalled b> Philip Morrison, a physi- 
cist who witnessed it 
Less than a month later, on Aug. 6 
and 9. apparently with little insight 
into the terrible’ era of destructive 
possibility and international insecuri- 
ty bring opened. .America exploded 
the first two atomic bombs over Hi- 
roshima and Nagasaki. But by Aug. 
17, 1945. four physicists instrumental 
in Trinity — hence in Hiroshima and 
Nagasaki — were looking into the 
ominous future in a letter to Henry L. 
Stimson, the secretary of war. 

Far more effective atomic weap- 
ons, against which there would be no 
practical defense, they wrote, would 
become available: and the develop- 
ment of such weapons “would appear 
to be a most natural dement in any 
national policy of mamumiog our 
military forces' at great strength." 

But A_H. Compton. Ennco Fermi. 
Ernest Lawrence and J. Robert Op- 
penhrimer then added a prescient 
warning: "Nevertheless, we have 
grave doubts that this further devel- 
opment can contribute essentially or 
permanently- to the prevention of 
war. We believe that the safety of 
this nation — as opposed to us ability 
to inflict damage on an enemy power 1 
— cannot be wholly or even primarily 




of Mao's great rivals. Many officers 
lost (heir lives. Mr. Ii escaped. 

Mao did not bold Mr. Li's service 
under his rival, Zhang Guotao, 
against him. Mr. Li rose steadily in 
the Communist regime after 1949, 
concentrating on economic affairs. 

The Cultural Revolution brought 
death and imprisonment to many 
Long March heroes, but Mr. Li es- 
caped the worst He was protected by 
Zhou Eniai and sometimes by Mao 
himself. He was “set aside,'* and he 
thus escaped some turbulent out- 
breaks. He did not have to join the 
vilification of Deng Xiaoping that 
erupted before Mao’s death because 
he was himself sittings home under 
what amounted to house arrest 

Looking back on his career, Mr. Li 
said to me, “I consider myself very 
lucky." He had escaped purges, bul- 
lets and political dangere. He lived to 
ascend under Deng Xiaoping to the 
presidency. In his mid-7Gs. he is be- 
ing sent by Mr. Deng to represoit 
Qiina around the world, a mimsinn 
that makes him the first Chinese pres- 
ident ever to touch American soil 

The writer is author of the forthcom- 
ing book “Tbe Long March: The Un- 
told Story . " He contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Tunes. 


ly familiar motives of all concerned. 
In recent years I have often swal- 
lowed hard over my Japanese co- 
workers' incredulity at the sight of 
U.S. urban decay and crime. 

Tbe Perrys' transplant to afflu- 
. eoce, although weU-meaning, was too 
much too late against a curtain of too 
little for too long. Urban tension and 
increasing anger and fear are fostered 
by an outrageously impotent punitive 
system. Actum for the reformat trial 
mid sentencing systems would do far 
more than the best of isolated social 
programs. To mean wefl isn't, enough. 

Everyone in the Pexiy case worked 
for justice, each in his own way, and 
therein lies the tragedy. 

RONA ABBOTT. 

Tokyo. 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “Letters to the 
EditoF’a td mat contain the writ- 
er's signature, name and full ad- 
dress. Latent should be brief and 
ore subject to editing, We cannot 
be responsible for the return of 
uhsoticUed manuscripts. 


DrowirJO by SACK. ^ 

in its scientific or technical prowess. 

It can be based only on making fu- 
ture wars impossible” 

That letter is sadh’ recalled by Phil- 
ip Morrison, now of the faculty at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Techno- 
logy, in a review fra the Union oi 
Concerned Scientists of the 40 years 
since Trinity. The history of those 
four decades, he writes, is one of 
illusory attempts “to find a way t.v 
make more usable tbe power erf nu- 
clear weapons" — a history also 
proving technology to be “a double 
agent." For “what looks like a neat 
engineering advantage while it is one- 
sided is all too soon seen as a worry- 
ing challenge, once it has joined up 
with the other side as well. 

Thus, after the U.S. atomic mo- 
nopoly was ended on Aug. 29. 1949. 
by the first Soviet test explosion. 
President Truman ordered develop- 
ment of (he “hydrogen or super- 
bomb." And such a weapon was test- * j 
ed by the United Stales ui November., i 
1952 — after rejection of a proposal 
by Vannevar Bush to stop just short 
erf testing and to try instead for an 
agreement to holt development as 
tang as no other nation conducted an 
H-bomb test But this second US. 
technological monopoly lasted ao , 
longer than the first: the Russians 
tested their own H-bomb in late 1955. 

The stray was reversed in 1957, ' 
when the Russians first fielded an : 
intercontinental ballistic missile. The l 
United States followed in 1958. 

But overall U.S. technological ; 
superiority produced photo-recofl- ; 
naissance satellites and submarine- i 
launched missiles in I960. Mosccw ; 
caught up in satellite technology in i 
1962 and tested submarine-launched 
missiles in 1964. Tire United Sates . 
acquired solid-fueled ICBMs in 1962, 
the Russians four years later. 

MIRVs — multiple warheads on a 
single missile — were exmeerred b? 
UJS. planners to foil Soviet misaK 
defenses by firing decoys as wefl 
a real waibead. Mjssik defenses then 3 
were barred by the ABM treaty, and j 
the Russians sought to bar MIRVs 
in SALT- 1 . But America developed 
MIRVs anyway — to cany nra de- 
coys but more warheads per missile. 

550 Mhutemen wife three warheads 
apiece, and had MTRVed (he Posei- 
don submarine-launched wwwile.' As 
might have been expected, Moscow 
began MLRVingin 1977, and by. 1980 
Ronald Reagan was campargmng 
against the “window of vu&cabffi- 
ty 1 through which he said MIRVcd 
Soviet mashes could dampy Up- 
land-based missiles. The Scowaoft 
commission he later appointed 
a return to angle- warhead nnsales. 

So it has gqne for 40 years, ,wi& 
every technological gain. tor either 
side being matched, sooner , ratherr . 
than later, by the other. Ami Mr- 
Morrison sees that grim hiaoty ^ 
peatirgitself — in anise nussfes^ 
example, winch ultimately jowW 
threaten the United States across & 
long, vulnerable coastlines; in' in- 
proved guidance tedmdfefiV^ 
makes both sides' nrissflramoroaxp- 
rate; above all, in Mr. Reagan’s Stra- 
tegic Defense Initiative. .. 

. This, latest ® 

Mr. Morrison’s view, ww jwtwork® 
a defense, but it wfll probably pur 
duceun effective aati-satdEttweiP' 
on. That wfil feme the Rag ans, tt 

endfto’ the 

toleration of sudhtes” wfiichy 
would mean ah»,mt,oid to'MS**] 
control verification, sad to ths wed j 
effective- means- - cart*-' J 


The New York lboes. r 'T. ‘ 





ESTERIVATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY -19, 1985 


ADVERTISEMENT 





lirriHe' 


S epestd 






"'When d .man is tired of London he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford Dr. Samuel Johnson. 20th September, 1777 


by Moss Murray 


■ W : .. ondon is a storehouse of some of the best 
V r known shops and stores in the world. Many 
JmI of them are part of the city’s history and 
have contributed a few sentences to the com- 
mercial story of the metropolis, while others have 
toed. to swim against the tide of chang e and 
foundered. 

Swan & Edgar, once a landmark at Piccadilly 
Circus, never quite came to terms with the mood of 
the post war world and finally sank in a sea of 
dissatisfaction. 


• ■ hi contrast, Fortnum & 
Mason's frock coated staff in 
the store’s food hall have be- 
come not an anachronism, but 
atradidon that links the pre- 
sent with a past that is sadly 
gone. Through them, the age 
of courtesy, service, know- 
ledge and attention is still 
with us. 

.There is history, too, in 
Regent Street, which is home 
for' a company started even 
earlier than Fortnums, in 
1667. Although Hedges and 
Butler did not move to their 


present site for another 150 
years they are, probably, the 
oldest firm of wine merchants 
to have remained In contin- 
uous business for more than 
three centuries. 

Another drinks company 
founded more than ISO years 
ago has also been keeping the 
British flag flying ever since. 
This is the firm started in 
London in 1830 by Charles 
Tanqueray to produce a gin of 
superior quality. Since then 
no one else has succeeded in 
producing a spirit to match it. 


COLLECTOR’S 

ITEM 


IMPORTED 

» 

ftmyMsray 


PREFERRED; EASILY ACQUIRED; 
INSTANT LIQUIDITY 


For the finest 
designer collections 
in London, 
goto 

Harvey Nichols. 


' ;;:w - 


Charge! 


Harvey Nichols, Kmghtsbridge, London SWL 


' .Today it is one of Britain’s 
major export earners and this 
year won the coveted Queen's 
Award for Export Achieve- 
ment. 

There is another famous 
establishment in Regent 
Street tint has become part of 
Britain’s, heritage^ In 1774 
When Jonathan Mappin first 
opened a small workshop in 
Sheffield, he could hardly 
have imagined that be was 


famous toy shop in the world 
- Hamleys - which is an 
Aladdin's Cave of delights for 
boys - and girls - of all ages. 
It begins the moment you step 
through the front doors and 
see the vast model railway 
that circles almost the entire 
ground floor. The store has 
small home railways from as 


14 can walk into a stare and 
find what they want. At Lar- 
gess e, 84 Marylebooe High 
Street, this is a speciality . . . 
and in fine fashions, too. 

For bargains galore, head 
for Harvey Nichols in 
Knightsbridge, next to the 
tube station. All six floors axe 
filled with gifts and goods that 
have been slashed in price, 
sometimes by as much as 
75%. 

On the ground floor, cash- 
mere scarves for men and 
women which normally cost 


A Fashion Mix of Politics and Pop 

by Anne Price 

L ondon's high Street Styles that clash with designer, is whai mainsirear 
Establishment British fashion, have fashion here is all about. He 
emerged once again as the ideas pot of the 
eighties. 


little as £10, or you can spend £37, are being sold daring the 
several thousand pounds buy- present sale at £19.95. Mens 


ing a limited edition model 



Mappin & Webb, Regent Street 

forging the first fink in a great locomotive with every pan a 


silver rhmti of tradition fhat 
has prospered and grown 
throughout the world. Today 
Mappin & Webb have pride 
of place internationally - with 
the first of their overseas 
branches in Johannesburg 
opening in 1896 during the 
gold rush. ' 

In the heart of Mayfair is 
another of London’s great 
stores. Thomas Goode has 
been serving those who de- 
mand the finest, since they 
began trading, first in Han- 
over- Square in 1827,. and- 
since 1876 at their present 
galleries in South Audley 
Street. They have never 
sought to be the biggest, only 
the best. 

Back in Regents Street 
.there is, possibly, the most 


replica in miniature of the real 
engine. 

There are petrol driven cars 
and Peggy Nxsbett hand made 
talking lookalike dolls of Prin- 
cess Diana, Prince Charles, 
Senator Kennedy and Pres- 
ident Reagan. There are 
games galore. Most popular is 


shins by Dior are reduced in 
price from £29.95 to £19.95 
and Valentino designer suits 
currently cost £195 instead of 
£295. 

Finally, there is Harrods, 
possibly the finest store in the 
world. Its saga began in 1849 
when Henry Charles Harrod 
took over a small grocery shop 
in Brampton Road. Expan- 
sion was continuous. Even a 
fire on December 6, 1883, 
failed to stop the tradition of 
Harrods service. . 

The following day a letter 
was posted to its customers: 
“I greatly regret to inform 1 
you, that in consequence of 1 
the above premises being > 
burnt down, your order will , 
be delayed in execution a day ( 
or two...” ; 

Now the bargains are here 
again. Their 1985 ' summer ! 
sale is on and continues until I 
July 27. For sportsmen there I 
is a -9am Sneed set of golf 
dubs reduced from £295 to 


Trivia] Pursuits, while £195, and for house proud 


Scrabble sets almost walk out 
of tbe store. 


men and women a Kaimure 
fine handknotted Persian 


North of Oxford Street is carpet is priced down from 
Largesse, a salon winch seeks £439 to £218. 
to take the frustrations out of There is, it seems, always 
-fashion -for. those who. need, something interesting, going, 
outsize*. Too often there is no on in one of London's store 
way women who are over size houses. 


Treatment while you wait 

by Jilt OraAam, medical jomuUia * 



L ast year the Swedish company, Medent 
opened ‘Medical Express' the first UK 
*Walk-in, No waif clinic. This well 
equipped budding is situated in the West End, 
off Oxford Street. The centre offers treatment 
for minor injuries and ailments. If your 
condition is serious yon will be transferred to 
the nearest hospital or appropriate medical 
service. 

The doctors are specialists who have 
consnhiiig rooms in the nearby Hadey Street 
area. They work on a sessional basis and 
Medical Express aims to have one surgeon and 
one physician on duty at all tunes. It is open 
between 8anrand 8pm Monday-Friday and 8am 
to 6pm on Saturdays. A consultation costs £35 
and X-rays, ECG and Mood tests are extra. 


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During the last four or five 
years overseas buyers have 
begun crowding into London 
once more and filling design- 
ers' order books. The govern- 
ment has been out in front 
with Margaret Thatcher's 
message to the clothing in- 
dustry to get up and win. And 
politics has helped designer of 
the year Katharine Hamnett 
(T-shirt slogans like "Nuclear 
Free Zone 1 ' and ‘’Education 
not missiles” have been 
splashed across the nation’s 
chests) teach international 
status. , 

Analysing the dramatic 
change in fortune, reminis- 
cent of the Swinging Sixties, 
it appears designers are split 
into two camps — Them 
and Us, the way radical new 
fashion always starts. 
Currently, the Street fashion 
of the young is ahead by 
several lengths and has pene- 
trated some establishment 
strongholds. 

This is a unisex movement, 
with men's wear equally affec- 
ted. But many people still do 
not understand what Street 
fashion in all about. 

Stalls at Kensington Mar- 
ket, PortobelJo Road and 
Camden Town fuelled the 
flame that was to burst into a 
fashion inferno. The eighties 
began to swing and youth 
seemed to be wearing fancy 
dress. 

In Paris, Jean-Piaul Gaultier 
was doing the same thing, is 
an np-market way. Young 
England loved his stuff and 
London's trendiest shop- 
keeper, Joseph in Sloane 
Street, bought it. • 

In the heart of Sloane Ran- 
ger country, Joseph’s shop 
at 6 Sloane Street, SW1 has 
Betty Jackson, Jean Paul 
Gaultier, Katharine Hamnett, 
Body Map, Richmond and 

CHARLES HAMMOND 

wrewon DESUMBtS MO DECORATORS 


ESWaUSHEDWOT 

Exclusive fabrics, hand-made 
upholstery, objets d'an and 
18th century antiques in 
conjunction with Arthur 
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Open weekdays, 9-5 

Saturdays 10-4 

165 Soane Sum, Loodoa SW 1 X 9 Q£ 
Telephone: 01.235 2151 Tetoa 917976 


yflfisher 

Gentlemen's Silk 
Brocade-Waistcoats. 
Ladies & Gents One Ply 
Cashmeres. 
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Fine Quality Hosiery 

22/23 Burlington Arcade. 
London, Wl. 

Tel: 01-493 4180/6221 


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65 Brampton Road, London SW3 1DB. 
Tel: (01) 584 9361 

170 Regent Street, London W1R 6BQ. 
Tel: (01) 734 0906 

2 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TL. 
Tel: (01) 248 6661 

125-6 Fenchurch Street, London EC3 5DL. 
Tel: (01) 626 3171 


the International Jewellers 
London -Paris -Cannes 


DON'T GET STRANDED 
USE OUR OFFICE ON THE STRAND; 


Open a vwrftng branch office instantly wnfloui capital 
investment language barne/i beat hiring problems space 
searches or red rape. UtorkMMde Business Centres gives you 
your space, MU furnishings and equipment in place, ready io 
ga Handsomely furnished offices ... a quel weM-appointecf 
' business environment wilfi trained staff members who antic- 
ipate the needs of growing companies juy starting io expand, 
or local companies that requin? additional office support oc space. 


WORLD-WIDE BUSINESS CENTRES. INC. 

| 110 The Strand, London WC2R 0AA 

Tel: 01-836-8918, Telex: 24973 


Cornejo and Bensiock and 
Speirs, all Street stylists of 
renown. 

Up-dated, elegant sophist- 
ication is at Roland Klein, 26 
Brook Street, Wl. His dash- 
ing clothes can be spotted at 
top stores like Harrods and 
Harvey Nichols. 

Still in Mayfair is Place 
Vcn dome at temporary pre- 
mises at 36 Dover Street 
where they arc showing, 
exclusively in London, the 
latest collection of Italian 
designer Andrea Odicini. He 
will shortly be opening a 
coutoure house in Rome. 

He already designs for one 
member of the British royal 
family and Americans seek 
out his originals at Bergdof 
Goodman. He favours silks 
and cottons and specialises on 
designs for every occasion. 

Jean Muir, Britain's best 
loved and most prestigious 


designer, is what mainstream 
fashion here is all about. Her 
on-going approach to today’s 
fast changing market is seen 
in her current collection, 
when short little skins flip 
above the knee beside totally 
different hem lengths. Muir's 
clothes can be seen at Lucien- 
nc Phillips, 89 Knights- 
bridge. SVC 7 1, where excep- 
tional and special home- 
grown fashion is always in 
stock. Otic of Hampstead 
(another great stop to see Bri- 
tish designer clothes’!. Har- 
rods and Harvey Nichols also 
have Jean Muir. 

Fashion is big news in Lon- 
don. Crazed with jodhpurs tin 
heavy tweed or silk brocade) 
and the romantic English 
riding look, a nutty mixture 
of early hippy and Dallas is 
going down well beside the 
modernised, imaginative clas- 
sics that come from stars like 
Bruce Oldfield. Caroline 
Charles, Nigel Preston. Sal- 
mon & Greene, Jasper Conran 
and David and Elizabeth 
Emanuel. 


r 


"=H 


x x 

z * lUe Kxmcfa Collection. fi 

X JUidy < JtUfOM. walco m mi. *Um AmmeiccM. BoA Ateocictto+I ± 
|| and. iHoitaA Utartt ta join. itnaal Kongo, 

|| 8 BaaucJuuttp Place, XteifAUioidfa, [| 

K la at o m Jtea. oaUeclttm. u>ailcaMle, o*t* <UgM, u 

|| tit*. biaoalUt*g. Jlothf. II 

7j 8 BaaMcluunf^ Piaoa, Jla*ula** r Stf/3. 01-581 1185 

I I 1 1 ^ ■ y mm 11 1 » 1 

13 YEARSI 
BEFORE 
THE 

BOSTON 

TEA 

PARTY... 

. . .William Hamley opened his new toy shop in 
London. He set out to cater for the carriage 
trade of the day, selling 'only the best for the 
best'. 

Now 225 years old, or should we say young, 
and internationally famous, Hamlevs is a big 


You'll find the 


• . fSBM J biggest selection of toy: 
• and dolls in the world, 
as well as games, sport 




as well as games, sports 
and gifts galore. And a 
relaxed and friendly 
helpfulness that makes 
buying presents for 
those you care for so 
much fun. 


And you can have your own tea party in our 
Edwardian restaurant. , 

You will easily find ft^.. j. ,y i . ^ .a . ^ 
us, at the top end of p jr f MlJ p Trjfjf rl 
Regent Street 2 : Jtf, f; y ^ § f; -W £ 

minutes walk from ; T j; 

underground station, r al KaP 




So long as you are 
young in heart we 
promise you a 
magical experience. 


Hamleys 

of Regent Street London Wl. W 

The International Toy Shop 

The biggest selection of toys in the world 
-from all over the world. 















3? ??T^?S aa il IS H$Sm?3KHlSKC5f 5$?38S$C?S5SSSS*S lm 1 


p 



1 

Page 10 

ADVERTISEMENT 

INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 

ADVERTISEMENT -v* 



'When a man is tired of London he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford." Dr. Samuel Johnson, 20th September, i m 


Where Femininity rules a Street 


by Moss Murray 

B eauchamp Place is a London street combining the sophistication of 
Chelsea, Knightsbridge and Belgravia with the modernity and savair 
faire of the Sloane Rangers. It is a thoroughfare of boutiques, all 
occupying modest, one time Regency houses, brightly transformed below 
their iron railing balconies. As well as fashion salons there are other 
exclusive shops and half a dozen interesting restaurants. 

As you turn the corner up in San Francisco, married national flavour via France, 


earning the wearer admiring 
glances at night. 

The most feminine of 
dresses are found at the 
Kanga collection ar No. 8. 


from Brompton Road, the 
first of the salons that catches 
your eye belongs to someone 
who is almost the empress of 
Britain’s younger generation 
of internationally known 
fashion designers - Caroline 
Charles. Her boutique is as 
inviting to enter as her clothes 
are easy to wear. 

Twice a year American 
store buyers descend upon 
Beauchamp Place to buy up 
most of her collection. You 
can see her latest designs at 
Worldly Things on Madison 
Avenue and also at Sake and 
Lord & Taylor in New York 
as well as at stores in Wash- 
ington, Houston and LA. 
Hertie, the German chain, 
can never buy enough of the 
Caroline Charles label. Visi- 
tors to London can see her 
collection at No. 9 with its 
perfection of cut and stitch- 
ing, including a delightfully 
named Formula One dress 
with a startling black and 
white chequered from at 
around £200. 

Cross the road to Panton at 
No 48 and you are in a differ- 
ent world. It may be raining 
outside, but inside this bou- 
tique the sun shines constant- 
ly through a rainbow of 
brightest prints for dresses, 
pants, shins and tops, all 
designed exclusively by 
American born Pan ton — real 
name Lisa - who was brought 


BREAK or DAY 

10 Beaudurap Place ■ London SW3 
-MqrfKXKOI-SSl 3295 




a Greek and now spends most 
of her time finding inspiration 
under the Mediterranean sun. 
Her strong floral colours 
remind you of a painting by 
Gauguin. 

Close by the scene changes 
again. No 20 all is understated 
English chic and charm. 
Sarah Spencer designs and 
makes everything herself. 



;■>. V 




D. L. LORD 

Knitwear. Cashmeres. 
Shirts. Ties. Scarves and 
Leathergoods. 
Burlington Arcade 
London W.l. 

Tel: 01-493 5808 




Designer Ctafaes for tta larger lady. 

Big cm be really beaatifal at Largesse. 
btHBathmal coHectiHU hr every occasion + lingerie and tights. 
Seamier Sale amr m. 

Largesse, 84 Marylebane High Street, London. W1. TeL 01-488 2133 


The finest 
in London 


Antique Silver 


X 1NOJI 'SAMI': VAl Ut - SAMT OCNIY1 VON 
RETURN OFFFR 




jXbarks JJnfigues Isid. 

BasocWal.Cbmponp The Canon 5$tred Itshmare Co 
Tdqfc)W:01-43»I7te 



TRASCO® 


Tax Free LH.D. Export Cars for the U.S.A- from Europes 
largest and most reputable dealer. Door to Door delivery 
by THE experts. Large stock of Mercedes Benz, including 
stretch Limousines and Exotics, and other makes. Big 
savings on U.S. list prices. 


wdl&c- ut -% eh Jomi* > t 




65/67 Park Lane, 
London, W1. 


Tel: 01-629 7779 
The: 8966022 TRAS G 


RENT A BETTER CAR 
FOR LESS IN THE UK 


CAR RENTAL 


Germany, Italy, Spain, Port- 
ugal and the US, can be found 
at Sava, 29 Beauchamp Place. 
Why Sava? That is the 
owner’s name. Born in Yugo- 
slavia with an American 
mother, selling cosmopolitan 
fashions comes naturally to 
this lady whose bubbling en- 
thusiasm is infectious. 

Her aim, she says, is to sell 
clothes that express the fem- 
ininity of professional busi- 
nesswomen who demand chic 
and neatness. Her Chanel 
style suits have the kind of 
dash that might help win 
orders during the day while 



DeHcate black lace V* length dress 
from Sarah Speiuxr. 


The Kanga Collection designed by 
Lady Tryon. 

Whatever you buy here is ex- 
clusive and cannot be seen 
anywhere else. Her afternoon 
dresses would have had beads 
turning at Henley or Royal 
Ascot. There is an agelessness 
about her entire collection 
that suits 20 year olds as well 
as their mothers. 

Fashion with a more inter- 


Making Merry 
with Malts 

Single malt whisky is experiencing a renaissance, not in 
competition with its blended cousins, but as an after dinner 
liqueur. When production of Johnnie Walker's 12 year old 
pure Highland mah whisky ‘Cardhu’ began is uncertain, but 
it was certainly before 1820. Since the introduction of the 
new Cardhu bottle in 1983, this single malt has seen sales 
increase by 228 per cent 

Further increases are expected following the introduction 
at international duty free outlets of a centenary pack 
containing a Cardhu bottle and two Cardhu crystal cut 
glasses, as well as a ‘taste of Speysde and Scotland' hamper 
produced in co-operation with Baxters of Speyside. 

As part of this year's centenary celebrations of the opening 
of the ‘new’ distillery a portrait of the distillery hasJbeen 
commissioned from the Scottish artist John Glover. Just 500 
are being signed for distribution to the company's 200 world 
markets. 

Says managing director of John Walker, David Connell • 
“our malts will not compete with our other blends, but 
establish a separate market of their own.” 


DINING OUT 


Lady Dale Tryon, whose bou- 
tique it is, has such a natural 
and relaxed personality that 
you are, inevitably, surprised 
to learn she is a member of 
one of England’s oldest and 
grandest families. She called 
her shop Kanga because it 
was the nickname given to her 
by Prince Charles. It has 
proved a lucky, as well as 
royal, charm. 

What makes her cotton and 
polyester dresses special for 
the woman who travels is that 
they are washable, will drip 
dry and are quite uncrush- 
able. And they come In only 
one size that fits everyone 
thanks to some clever cutting 
and belting at the waist. 

Sylvia, at No. 2S has a 
selection of gifts for those who 
have everything or for those 
who don't. 'Joke spiders, 
hedgehog hand puppets, as 
well as affordable, wearable 
jewellery. 

A -quite different place for 


Exclusive French beauty 
products and fragrances are in 
abundance in the aptly named 
Dans un Jar din, No. 29. 

’ Especially tempting is a deli- 
cious range of passion fruit 
scents available in generous 
250 mis sizes for only £5, with 
body lotion to match at the 
same price. Rigaud scented 
candles are at a special price 
for ail those attending the 
American Bar Association 
conference. 

Not far from Beauchamp 
Place at 55 Brompton Road 
visitors can see some of the 
world’s finest jewels and 
jewellery at Graff. A few days 
ago Laurence Graff made one 
of the biggest jewellery sales 
of this, or any, year. He has . 
sold what he calls “the most 
magnificent gem of all. The 
Imperial Blue, the world's 
largest flawless fancy blue dia- 
mond, a dazzling 39.21 carat 
blue pearshape”. He did not 
disclose the price, but it is un- 
derstood it was only slightly 
below $10 million. 

For those with slightly 
smaller bank accounts, Graff 
has a boutique collection of 
diamond and gold jewellery as 
well as a display of copies of 



Jackets and sweaters Jormen and women in finest wool and cashmen 
from D.L. Lord in London's Burlington Arcade. 


Green's 

CHAMPAGNE BAB 

Champogpe, oyster; and cote 
secfoxL m heart at ST. James's - 
new we have a new section sav- 
in© Iradfttonal hot Enghh dishes. 

36 Duke St. Tefc 930 4566 

THE ELEPHANT ON 
THE RIVER 

[>nner & Donee by the river n 
®«duave locator. Superb 
Wwnattenoiajone Open 
Tues-Sin ind dosed Mon. 120 
Gf03wenarM.SWl TeJ.634 1621 


ORMOND’S 

De*gWfti restaurant tucked away 
In St. James's Nouveie cutstne plus 
other favourites. Private member- 
ship dub downslon. 
a Ormond Vard SW1. off Dike of 
Yak St. Closed Satuday knch and 
Sundays. Tet <730 2842. 


W Grasvenor Road Westminster. 
Cosmopaftan toad from Far and 
Mddte East. Europe and the 
Americas. Rec. by McheSa Gait 
Mfcw. Ronay and N.Y. Timet Mon 
- Sat reservations Tel: 828 6560. 


KEN LO’s MEMORIES 
OF CHINA 

Ptobcfcly the .most presttgtoia 
■Chinese restaurant in Europe. 
Hghly though! of by over 150 
Chinese end Far-Eastern delega- 
tions who One here. The orrty 
restauraiT featured by "New York 
Times'. "GoLimer and "People’s 
Daft’ of Beflng CuSne features as 
4 aiinaiy regions eft China Res. 
essential 67-69 Ebury St- Be&cnria 
SWT Tel: 01-730 7734.. 


For the serious gourmet... 

MoNSIEURThoMpSONS 


Restaurant Francais 
29 Kensington Park RoadLWII 


presents is Break of Day at 10 
Beauchamp Place, named 
after a novel by Colette. You 
can buy a tiny silver scent 
funnel for less than £10, or 
colourful silk hangings, made 
and designed in Provence, for 
£145. There are exquisite 
decorated boxes in carved 
Welsh marble for as title as 
£3, or a horses’ bead in 
moulded glass from Damn of 
France at £1,500. The assort- 
ed gifts displayed in the two 
ground floor salons invite you 
to browse and make your 
selection unhurriedly, with- 
out distraction. 


CHARLES HAMMOND 

WTBRBM 0£SiQfCHS AND DECORATORS 


ESTABLISHED 1907 

Exclusive fabrics, hand -made 
upholstery, objets d'art and 
18th century antiques in 
conjunction with Arthur 
Bren of Norwich. 

Open weekdays, 9-5 
Saturdays 10-4 

165 Stane Street, LoMfcnSWIXVQE 
Telephone: 01-235 2151 Trine 917976 


For Itie good limes 

MOQnUcart safaeSon of] .000 
H**rior lateoMlne HoOdoy 
Proixntkis m Entfona Scoflond aid 
Watai AS Mtocted lor oversea* 
vMon. 

Ob UK, I W ngton, Ol ww tu w. 


MMWMOM 
MmSSMl eOUKO. 


some other ‘beautiful’ gems 
including The Grand Coeur 
d’Afrique, the world’s largest 
flawless heartshape diamond 
of 70.03 carat. 

Turn the comer from 
Brompton Road to Sloane 
Street and head for No. 165 
and the showrooms of design 
consultants Charles Ham- 
mond. Here the furniture and 
furnishings are a delight to 
the eye. But this is to be 
expected from an establish- 
ment which has been respon- 
sible for the redecoratkms at 
Dukes Hotel as well as the 
London headquarters of the 
Standard Chartered Bank in 
the City, plus the UK offices 
of the New York law firm of 


G.T. VEHICLE EXPORTS 
LTD 

“TAX FREE" . 

Most makes of new care for 
immediate or early delivery 
Europea nAJ.S- specification. 
Next toU.S. Embassy, 
Mayfair. 53 Upper Brook 
Street Wl. 

Tel. London (01M9342T8 
Tbt, 299824 BANKCOG 

NEED A LONDON BASE? 
Businessmen: short or long 
term leases available on 

EXCLUSIVE CENTRAL 
LONDON RESIDENCES 

Hampton & Sons 

6 Arlington Street, St. James’s, 

London SW LA 1RB 

Tel: 01-493 8222 Telex: 25341 


BEAUCHAMP PLACE s.w.3 


CAROLINE CHARLES 

11 Beauchamp Place London S.W.3 
Tel: 01-589 5850 


The Kanga Collection 

The Washable One Size Dress 

8 Beauchamp Place 

London SW3 Teh 01-581 1135 



SELF AND CHAUFFEUR DRIVE 


Pans tm Jardin 

( Exclusive Fragrance, Bath 

and Beauty Products 
Complete range of ON STAGE 
•4--- make-up 

29 Beauchamp Place. London 5H/3. Telephone: 01-581 52] 5 


*SAVA" 

Fashions 

Welcome the American Bar Association. . 
10% discount on presentation of this voucher 

5 Beauchamp Place London SW3 Telephone 91-581 ISM 


For fan details affiance London 
pa£3 and advertising rates. Pfcaw: 
contact:— 
SatyauCUd 

International HottMTribwe 
63 Long Acre, London, WC 2 
TeL 01 >836 4302 
Tetee 242909 • 


Sullivan & Cromwell. 

However, they do specialise 
in privare houses and apart- 
ments whose owners can 
choose from a vast range of 
exclusive fabrics and wall- 
papers as well as antique 
chests of drawers, rare paint- 
ings or simple silk embroider- 
ed cushions - 

No walk through London's 
most famous shopping streers 
would be complete without 
taking in Bond Street. The 
windows here provide magical 
moments to stay in the memo- 
ry, and none are more inviting 
than those at Van Cleef & 
Arpels where a special collec- 
tion of unique and boutique 
jewellery has been flown from 
Paris for showing to men and 


women attending the Ameri- 
can Bar Association confer- 
ence. It is on show until July 

25. 



Beaded glamour from Zandra 
Rhode’s new collection. 


Pay-As-You-Use Offices 

▼ 'T7‘ Torld- Wide Business Centres founded by an 
1 \ / Englishman, Alan L. Bain, now has luxurious 
|rfr suites of offices available in London to 
international businessmen at 110-1 II Strand , close to the 
Savoy Hotel. With office rents soaring throughout the ivorld 
and staff salaries rising to sometimes astronomic levels, many 
businesses - including some of the largest corporations - are 
discovering that it makes economic sense to move into fully 
furnished, serviced and equipped suites of offices at business 
centres. 

At the Strand offices of World-Wide (01-836 S9I8) their 
Full Facility Plan costs between £675 and £1 J250 a month. 
The charge includes an equipped and furnished office , 
fitU-dme receptionist , mail and telex services, 24 hour access , 
all cleaning and mmnwnance, phones , plus use of a typing 
pool and photocopying on a pay-as-vou-use basis. 

The company gives businessmen their own exclusive plume 
number ; phis a shared switchboard and a receptionist who 
will receive visitors and accept packages when the client is not 
there. Cost? £450 a quarter. Alternatively, for £85 a quarter, 
pre-paid , the organisation will forward company mail and 
provide a listing at the budding's entrance. Office suites in 
the Strand can be rented fin less than £15 an hour. 

A survey by Maureen Lefort, manager of World-Wide’s 
London business centre reveals that an office in central 
London with reception area , meeting room and kitchen 
requires a minimum of 500 sq feet of usable space and can 
cost more than £10,000 plus a landlord’s demand for a 3 year 
agreement. Charges , she says, for a well furnished office at a 
business centre in the heart of the capital need not cost much 
more than half this sum with equally significant salary 
savings. 


jj|? Mappin &Webb 


65 Brompton Road, London S"W3 1DB. 
Tel: (01) 584 9361 

170 Regent Street, London Wl R 6BQ. 
Tel: (01) 734 0906 

2 Queen Victoria Street, London EC4N 4TL. 
Tel: (01) 248 6661 

125-6 Fenchurch Street, London EC3 5DL; 
Tel: (01) 626 3171 


The International Jewellers 

LONDON ■ PARIS • CANNES 


You’re just a 
couple of 
blocks away from 

a small part 
of Sweden. 

Based in MayfeirW.l. 

Volvo £>q)ort have a direct 
computer link to Sweden and axe able ; - 
to sell you a fabulous Volvo at -- 

Tax-Free factory prices! 

We even include FREE shipment to the 
States plus the customs hassle dealt with 
and a factory warranty that is truly : 
international Call and check out 
our prices, we could save you 
1000‘s of dollars! 

VOLVOExpogr 


—.'■I 


28AIbermarleSt, London. W1X3FA Tel 01-493 4954~. 












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Pima roWnote p.tt 
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Inms rata P.n 

Market -smnmwY P.T2 
Opfloas . P.T* 

OTC ilKk PM 
Oftcr morktts P.18 


, JULY 19, 1985 



U.S. Stocks 
Report, M-l, Page 12 

Page 11 


TECHNOLOGY 


Creation ol a Culture 
Genetics of the Future 


2‘ iK. i I 

11 « “n shm 



By ANDREW POLLACK 
- • Ne» Varft Tints Serrtcc 

AWARD, California — In a sterilized room at the 
headquarters of Bio-Response Inc., glass vessdsjttms 
oil tricks, gently The 100111 18 ^P 1 O B y an 

body temper atur^ Inside the vessds are thin, hauow 
nkstic &bers, performing many of the same functions as capular- 
circulate a mixture of nutrients and oxygen meant to 

erf body conditions is no coincidence. Inade the 
Mass vessels, Bio-Response is trying to grow human ana otnea 
roemmafian cells. "We haw an intensive-care unit for cells, said. 
j^fa^'P aniet, the company’s president. Such cell cultures, as 
d^aie called, promise to be-. ■ — 

Kco^theindnaryV 

^T&ology indns- 

vf $: workhorse has been Es- been found IflCKITlg 

duridiia coli, a type of bade- . . . 

ftatri commonly called E. oofi. . Ill 80 H 1 C 3 T 688 . 

Bel scientists now find that it . — - 

is not. always capable of pro- 

m' mo fwmtirMl til 



Baxter Predicts Savings on Mergi 


Company Cites 
Bigger Tax Bill 


Outlines Plans 
For Health-Care 
Conglomerate 


DETROIT— Chrysler Cwp. re- 
ported on Thursday secood-qoar- = 

ter net profit of $596 A mfflm or 
* 5.021 share, down about 26 per- 
e^from^W2-9 naDiOTtd $6.48 a 

share, ayear.eariiCT._ 

But ChrydH’s d udnh a n . Lee A. 
lacocca, sad the company bad op- 
erating profit of $852 million, in the 

quarter, up 3 percent from a year 

earlier. The drop in the ika income 

figure was. attributed to a higher 
corporate tax 

Sales for the second quarter, 
however, were $558 bflEon, op 

. . . \ I («ua vnr. 


*d«/etnr «r/h>^ 23 r? 
ihsbiHtUioUutm I 


■oUcitwn. 


e Offices 


rr,"\ 


by n 

i. iTv Ju i Ziaunoas 

1-onJjn jQ 

SiriinJ, claw to fa 
lhroui:iurji fa ::ur y 
fr,-7 u*wii iiTt/i. nunr 

i-'.; * _ at 

’■ ‘ r'jKc into /uft- 
. i'/ I'ftr-Vi j: buaneti 


i .ui-xitttoto'fa, 
u~.*i i l .25(1 a mpjuA. 

:un::JuJ olfiet, 
ri i.i . , 24 ji-jr JUta, 
. f lu ; 


•t J tVpK£ 


■W’WU-US tu 

a. 

m Aar r. ■. 


am l Jirj v. 

s?::.*n:;! dm 

ukw- ukt~. 

n an 

rmilr. ?•*' 

u puirttT, 

fonsutd. , i-’p.p 

jr.\ rw;! jhJ 

firnvrw • 

’a., rum a 

9 Am i/5 um 

h.'W 

, manag-r 

'JT'*id-V hli'i 

* afctt at. •: 

.tT.irul 

HMH/ r 1. TV. 

jrJ buha 

kit fit utjiu. 

+& i jrJiiR 

i wikrd' 

r.J V" > Wiff 

ra vm:1 

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at k afirji 

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8 
» I 

, \\ i K ^ 

% - 

.*? 

!> >n j-t’-iN-iTL 

Jon \ ‘ - 1 ’ 1 - 


l l 


is iKrf always capable of pro- . _ 

dudng is retprired. So the search is ot f cr^tOTatwe^ 

. jn genetic engineering, genes con t a inin g the bh^rinif°*r 
xnakm^a^rS^protdn, such as insabn, are wgaedfrom 
Kiima n or animal chromosomes and implanted in a host organ 

spedes scientists learned to implant foreign genes into. The 
several shortcom^ 

they produce remain inside them, rather than bang secrc^To 

Sbaassasasawsae 

S23tf£iSsssst« 

being tested by Geneniech, the human body has had some 

■JSkSmEES . Jt enable d 

3ly complex substances that an ammilm nd» . Itw °0t 
^Stomody assemble atoms m thccorrect seqnma^^ 
Sm be folded in' a certain way tpbeartivt Jnsome as^ 
_„ct he a* *«r-h«! to the proteins to hop them function 
mqpeiiy in the body. Bacteria cannot add the sugars and some- 
I times do not fold correctly. . 

Y - PAST a hiding alternative, can add die sugars, fhc^di 

^SSsssagSfSBK 5 

• “s^ - ssasa«| ! ,jsssf 

-i^Bmrt was only two years ^0 that scientists fignred out how 

_ - t » fAMwm offtK into lkm&L ■ < ' # 


about 14 perant from the' year- 
union, Chryda said. 

- - ■ .V. HuuIm' 


eariiei J525 UUion, unysro wu. 

For the first six months, Chrysler 
reported earnings of Sl.l billion, or 
«M9a share, wwn about 27 per- 
cent from $15 hfflioa, or $1^-“ a 
share, daring the lite period last 

^ yiiwt foe six months totaled 
SI 1.4 bflfion, op 12 percent from 
SlOi billion in the first ax months 
of 1984. 

Mr. lacocca also said the compa- 
ny has inraeased its five-year 
spending plan to $115 bfflion from 

-S105hfflW . U1 

“The ante lust went up by a ui- 
tion dollars,* Mr. lacocca said. 
“We thinV that’s what we haw to 
spend to stay competitive, keep 
Chrysler strong and jprotect the 
jobs of our employees. 

Mr. lacocca said Chrysler wotud 
invest more than $160 million in its 

Miitiiaan nwm- 



K act models, the Hymoutk 
mce and Dodge Shadow, 
which will begin production next 
May. 

Chrysler 


ics. But it was omy wojmw 

• - — * u -tbacterinm that also can secrete products. 

* i .L.t (Va nnlv WAV Ifl TffOdUCC 


Chrysler also will invest mac 
than $200 millian in two other De- 
uoit-area plants — '$150 nrilhon m 
the Trenton Engine Plant and $58 
xmOkm at the Outer Drive Manu- 
facturing Technical Center m De- 

^^e additional investment in the 
•Deo ton plant will increase moduo- 


Sines,. 


By Soeven Greenhouse 

NewTtwkXImaSerrH* 

CHICAGO — As health-care 
executives began to assess; the 
problems — and opportunities 

— that might result from the 
manger announced Monday of 
Baxter Travcnol Laboratories 
Inc. and American Hospital Sup- 
ply Cocp, Vernon R. Loucks, 
Baxter’s chief executive, prowl- 
ed the first gjhnpse of some of his 
plan* u> mesh the two leaden m 
the hospital-supply industry. 

He painted a picture of an 
industry riant that would realize 
consdcraWc savings, perhaps as 
much as S400 mfflioa annually, 
by combining complementary 
operations, and be awe topwr 
more money into research and 
innovation. . 

At the same time, however, he 
said that significant “synergies” 
between the oompanies would 
ml start to take effect mun 1987, 
and predicted that the first full 
year in wta* the companies 
would enjoy all the benefits of 
the merger would be 1990. The 
$3_8-bUJion merger is not luedy 
to taVt* place at least until Sep- 
tember because of possible anti- 
trust problems, according to 

Baxter officials. 

Until the efficiencies begin to 
take shape, Mr. Loucks raid, 
there wffl be earnings (Elution. 
Joel D. I iffnwnn, an analyst 
with Drexd Burnham La mbert 
Inf, es timate d that the merged 
companies’ earnings would be 
$250 mEEon next year, com- 
pared with combined earnings of 
$266 million last year, which was 
an v«y poor year for the indus- 

^WhUe Mr. Loucks wfll bednef 
executive of the ma^d compa- 
ny, Baxter officials declined to 
say what role, if any. Kail D. 
Bays, American Hospital s chair* 
man, would play in the new com* 
pany, except to ray he has been 
offered an unspecified Mgh-levd 
position as wdl as one of the six 
seats that American Hospital s 
directors have been offered on 
Baxter's board. Mr. Bays did not 
return calls oa the question. 

The fast order of business, 
Mr. Loucks said, would be to 



[ 5.000 


Monsanto. 


To Merge Under 
$2.7 -Billion Pact 


1,500 


inoo 


MwWmfnMmn 

In tra venous Solutions 
Market 

1984 sates estlmatt 
$1 .SWOon 


SounwESsonrr 

Cardiovascular Statical 

Supples 

IBS* salsa esUmms; ^ ^ 
$200 mil ton 



The Aaockaed Pros 

SKOKIE, Illinois — GD. Scaric 
ft Ox, a pharmaceutical company, 
and Monsanto Co, a cbctmaJ 
company, announced Thursday 
that they bad agreed to merge m a 
transaction valued at S2.7 biffion. 

The companies, which had sus- 
pended stock trading earlier in the 
day pending the announcement, 
said in a joint statement that Scaric 
and Monsanto had entered in a 
definitive written agreement lor the 
acquisition of Searie by Monsanto 
Tor S65 a share in cash. . 

‘ “Searie will now join forces wnn 
a financially strong, large enter- 
prise with common strategic inter- 
ests and a determination to sec that 
the goals we have vigorously pur- 
sued for our company are achieved 
and exceeded,” Donald Rumsfeld, 
Searie’s eh airman and chief execu- 
tive officer, said in the statement. 


Ufa 
Systems 
TN IftnftATaa 


deal with the potential antitru st 
problems through divesutnres of 
selected businesses. He cued in- 
travenous solutions and equip- 
ment for separating cells from 
donated blood as primary candi- 
dates Tor divestiture. 

Mr. Loucks said Baxter has 
about 50 percent of the intrave- 
nous market and Americans 
McGaw division has about 15 
percent. McGaw, which Mr. 
Loucks tented might be sold, has 
almost $250 milltoa in sales an- 
nually. 

Lany N. Fein berg, an analyst 
with Dean Witter Reynolds tax, 
suggested that pharmaceutical 
companies, espeoalWWanier- 

Lambert CO. and Eli Lilly 

• — “ ■ ■ ■aiAirtmrl an 1 


■ jmii aLm.aii» «— — j&GCL, 

miain be interested m buying 
McGaw, since more than three- 
fourths of intravenous sohiuons 
have some drags added to tbem. 
Mr. Feinberg also said Amencan 
HospitaTs blood-procesang di- 
vi rimtj with annual sales of about 


$30 nrilhon, probably would be 
sold. 

But industry analysts also pre- 
dicted that the merged company 
could face antitrust problems m 
other areas as well including 
heart-lung equipment used dur- 
ing openheart surgery. Raul P. 
Esqurvd, an analyst with r. 
Ebeistadt&Co^ said that Amer- 
ican has about $100 million a 
year in this business, or about 40 
percent of the market, while Bat- 
ter has about 10 percent of the 
market. He prahcted j lMtJ j he 
Baxter operation would be sold. 

As Baxter lodes at operations 
to be cut for antimist reasons, it 
is also eyeing businesses that can 

be pared or combined so the two 

companies Gt together. 

Mr Loucks said that Ameri- 
can’s and Baxter's distribution 
systems would be merged, that 
excess production capacity 
would be ended and American s 
international operations would 
(Continued on Page 13, CoL 6) 


rc UUM4, — , 

R. J. Mahoney. Monsanto s pres- 
ident and chief executive officer. 


parts of the company, in constdm- 
ing methods for diversifying the 
Searie family interests, the state- 
ment said 

Monsanto was reported m rco- 
ruary to have made a $13-bfllion 
bid for Searie’s pharmaceutical di- 

' The exploratory effort end«i last 
March, when Searie’s board an- 
nounced the company would con- 
tinue as an independe nt en tity.^ 

Thursday's announcement fol- 
lowed “an unexpected and unsolic- 
ited contract from Monsanto ex- 
pressing interest in pursuing a 
transaction," the statement said. 

It said Searie’s board of directors 
had “unanimously concluded that 
this transaction is in the best inter- 
ests of Searie’s shareholders, em- 
ployees and customers and boa- 
ncss partners, and wifl itcommaia 
that Searie’s shareholders tender 
their shares.” 


Idem uni wuw — 

said his company was extremely 
pleased to be joining Torces with 
such an established and respected 
company." 

The agreement provides that Sl 
L ouis-based Monsanto will make a 
cash tender offer as quickly as pos- 
sible for aQ shares outstanding ol 
Searie’s common stock at $65 a 
share as a first step in the acquisi- 
tion. 

The lender offer is not can tin- 


Dollar Rebounds 
In New York 


gent upuu auj 

shares being tendered. 

Searie’s slock rose $4.12n Thurs- 
day on the New York Stock Ex- 
change to dose at S63JB7 Wl Mon- 
santo fell S1.62U to dose at SSL 
Searie is a research-based com- 
pany that devdops, manufactures 
and markets' throughout the world 
prescription pharmaceuticals, con- 
sumer pharmaceuticals and low- 
calorie sweetener products. 

It «"«»»■« and markets Ibe artifi- 
cial sweetener aspartame under the 
trademark NutraSweeL 

Monsanto is one of the world s 
leading producers of herbicide and 
is a worldwide supplier of electron- 
ic-grade silicon. The company also 
makes AstroTurf, an artificial sur- 
face used on sports fields. 

Searie last year began exploring 
the possible sale of the company, or 


United Press International 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
rebounded Thursday in New 
York despite the Commerce 
Department’s report that the 
US. economy grew at > 

1 . 7 -percent annual rate in the 
second quarter. 

One dealer, noting that the 
GNP figure had apparently 
been leaked Wednesday, said 
the GNP could have been ac- 
counted for in the previous 
day’s decline. Testimony an the 
US. trade deficit by Paul A. 
Volcker, the Federal Reserve 
chairman, before Congress also 
was considered to have soft- 
ened the dollar's fall several 
dealers said. 

In trading in New York, the 
pound ended at $1.402. d ow n 
From Wednesday* s $1 .4125. The 
dollar ended up. at 2.882 Deut- 
sche marks, from 2.84; at 8.755 
French francs. from8.61,anc l at 
1385 Swiss francs, from 2333. 


c most complex human and animal P ro j°^^jr}. tllC 
e mu&i vw*' 0 1A genmue human 


(Continued oo Page 17, CoL 8) 


Major Banks Sell 
Some of Latin Debts 



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M 



By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New York Times Serdee 
NEW YORK — Some i 
UKbariksarefimfingpartial- 
for their mountain of Latin Ameri- 
can debt in a mjdtiWbon-doDar 
secondary market that makes it 
easy for them to swap the loans or 
sefl them outright. . 

The market has emerged qmetiy. 
In it, an investor can, for instance, 
buy a Nicaraguan loan for about 1 0 
cents for each dollar of face value 
or a Mexican loan for about 85 
ffwiw on the dollar. Although the 
market’s volume is relatively small 
in relation to the total amount of 
Third World debt, it offers banks a 
way to spread their risks or rid 
themselves of a troubled loan. 

*Tf the market grows and suc- 
ceeds, it tdk bankers that they 
don’t have to live with their mis- 
takes.” saidGiacomo De Fffippis, 
president of Giadefi Imx, a loan 
brokerage firm in New York that 
says it handled $450mflEon in debt 
sales last year. “It gives a bank the 
flexibility to adjust its portfolio. 

The World Bank has goue so far 

as to say that the secondaiy market 
could widen the range of leaders 
and thus increase the stability of 
the global financial system. 

Most of ibe transactions are 
swaps, but souk are done for cam 
by corporations that have a busi- 
ness connection to a particular 


country, by risk-loving investors, 

and even by the debtors themselves 

who buy back their loans at a dis- 
count. , 

Banks engage in swaps to reduce 

thrir exposure in certain countries 
or to concentrate exposme in afew 
countries, according to locnara a. 
Wemert, managing director of Les- 
lie, Weinert. ___ . . 

For example, some UK banks 
have been swapping their East Eu- 
ropean debt to European banks m 
exchange for Latin dcbL.Bntg^ 
French. and German banks_iea 
more comfortable with Eart Euro- 
pean debt, while UK mswunons 
are more familiar with Latin Amer- 

owtTdebfS a discount, relieving 
them of the responsibility to pay it 
at full value. Private Latm 
companies have done this. Report- 
edly some countries, malting the 
purchase through one of thar pub- 
lic agencies, have used the market 
to acquire some of their own debt, 
iiuM, inmM ynd relieving 

lemkmi. 




Mi 




<*■ 




saving them money and relieving 
the lender of a problem loan. 
Multinational corporations also 


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Source: Bert**- 


Olympia & York 
Cancels Purchase 

Of Calf Canada 


Jotjr ta 

jedav u««tb* 6 vttW: 

Teftmft latertst Rot* ftoex: 7 M* 

Source: Merrill LymA AP 


The Associated Pres 
SAN FRANCISCO — 
Olympia & York Resource of 
Toronto has polled out of an 
agreement to purchase 60 per- 
cent of Gulf Canada Lid. from 
Chevron Coip. for $L2 billion. 
Chevron announced. 

The sale of Gulf Canada was 

announced May 23, and Chev- 



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uwnftn 5£ -msi 

g* ‘ . -raj 

320* -s*0 

- airaj -SM 

caHrocLAJtprirxsIn UJi.SP*r ounce. 

Source: Reuters. 


aumnmwi* 1 — 

,ron gave the Toronto company 
‘ three deatffine extensions on the 
agreement while Olympia & 
York studied tax and legal con- 
siderations. 

Chevron, which purchased 
Gulf Corp. m March .1984, 
could improve’ its 514.1-billion 
debt burden with the sale of the 


miumwuvuiu w 'r - . 

are buyers, though not for invest- 
ment reasons. Particularly in the 
case erf Brazil or Chile, companies 
often buy debt as a way to operate 
in those countries. 

If a corporation wanted to puufl 
a 510-mfllion plant in Brasilia, it 
could buy $10 nriffiou worth of 
Brazilian debt from a bank fOT 58 
milBon and then trade that debt to 
the central bank of Brazil m ex- 
change for the local currency need- 
ed to build the plant. The company 
would also get the rights of repam- 
atiou of profits that go with foreign 
investment 

flanks in the Umted Stales rou- 
tinely sell portions of their portfo- 
Eos of mortgages and government- 

guaranteed small business loani 
But until investment bankas and 
specialists began to point out the 
opportunities to reduce exposure to 
■JhSrd World debt, the banks had 

tended to imam their loans to sov- 
ereign countries. 

IromcaDy, the trig New York 

.. . T. t. Imw the tATPeSI 




man with, esceptionalgoals, 
mension in private banking 


Chevron will keep about SIS 
million Olympia & Y oik had on 

* _ .’.a L..a hnII Iam itc rliQrtPP 


OepUoU, UUl aw nmmwmaam - 

to sell a major asset at what was 
considered an attractive price. 
Chevron offered no explana- 
tion Wednesday for the pullout 
and Olympia & Yoik executives 
were not available for com- 
ment. : _ 


uiv uoiiAd, "T" , ; — 

exposure to Latin Amencan debt- 
ors, are loath to spread the word. 

Several refused to disaiss the sec- 
ondary trading of Latin loans. 

• One reason for the reticence, ray 
other bankas and brokers, is that 
the transactions prowdetan^We 
evidence that many Thud World 
loans are not worth their face value 
and the big banka fear that regula- 
tore would rite that as a reasouto 

require larger loan-loss reserves- 
Ai«n attracting attention to tne 
^S7tbc loans might 
STnEre : difficult to gpoifier 
hanks to participate m. new loans to 
KS^lMddebtk 
■ “The big money center banks are 

(Continued <m?»ge ^ ^ ^ 


W ’hat makes TDB exceptional? 

To start with, there is our 
tradidonal policy of concentrating 
on things we do unusually well. 

For example, foreign exchange, 
precious metals — and, very im- 
portantly, private banking.^ 

Today, as part of American 
Express Bank Ltd, we offer you 
private banking with a totally new 
dimension. This includes access to 
the broad range of asset manage- 
ment services and global invest- 
‘ ment opportunities provided by 
the American Express family of 
companies. And for certain clients. 


we also offer such valuable “extras” 
as Gold Card® privileges and the 
exclusive Premier Services, 8 * 4 for 
round-the-clock personal and travel 

assistance. . 

While we move with the times, 

our traditional policies do not . 
change. At foe heart of our business 
is foe maintenance of a strong and 

. ■ 1 »fc/ \l I H * 


If TDB sounds like the sort of 
bonk that meets your requirements, 
visit us on your next trip to Switzer- 
land Or telephone: in Geneva, 
022/37 21 11, in Chiusso, 091/44 19 91. 


djversmea aepenu r—y 

lio of assets is also weU-di versified, 
and it is a point of principle with us 
to keep a conservative ratio of capi- 
tal to deposits and a high degree of 
liquidity - sensible strategies m 
these uncertain times. 


TDB offices ht Geneva. London, flans, 
Luxembourg, Chiasso, Monte Cano, 
Nassau, Zurich. Buenos Aires, SJo 
Paulo. 


TDB, the 6th largest commerdal bank 
in Switzerland, is a member of tlx 
American Express Company, which 
has assets of US$643 bUUon and 
shareholders' equity of US$4.8 billion. 


<12 


Development Bank 


|| The Trade Development Bank building in Geneva, 

[||| at 96-98, me Ju Urine. ^ American Express company 


T 



Page 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


NYSE Most Actives 


vol HIM Low Lad 

PflllPtS 70367 11*. life 

SfcjrtaG 30775 e* (,?% *3 a. 

Bnuvm 37730 i?% lack 173, 

LTV 15185 5ft 716 iu 

AT&T I37J4 7m Z2S 33t 

Monsan 125% 50V. itu. n> M 

U5SW 73393 28V* 7?ft 77% 

INCO 11000 fiS i« Mb 

P-aetP 11MO 17 16% im. 

Revnins 10763 29ft 28ft 29 

Saeri> 10159 52% 51 ft 513* 

JWOflO *767 26(9 35V. 

W« 11»4 Vft ioS 

Dtollal 3660 703 SfS 101% 


Dow Jones Bond Averages 


Band, 

uiHItles 

Industrials 


oom CJi'se 

au& —02? 

78.17 — 029 

8236 —037 


Dow Jones Averages 


Open HWi Law Lost cm. 

(nous 11SU6 13*12* 1MSJ2 1250.92 — 7.05 

Tram 899.79 70o.ll WM 496D4 — 646 

U*H 167.73 16124 16*34 %7D6 — 138 

Camp 5*4.91 56930 5*030 56X40 — 332 


NYSE Diaries 


Advanced 
Declined 
Unchanged 
Tcfel i»Mie* 
New High* 
New Lows 

Volume up 
V olume down 


Close Pro*. 

613 976 

7014 683 

425 387 

3052 2046 

122 258 

5 6 


A4A5MD 

66.716390 


High low cion Ct r« 
CommiK HUB 11331 niai — CLM 

industrial, T2BJS 12U2 IMS — (LSI 

Transa. 11X73 1006 11106 -034 

Utilities 61.17 60JS 6076 - 032 

Finance 722.18 121.40 12740 — 140 


Odd-Lot Trading in N.Y. 


Bitv Sales •SBYt 

MY 17 260.160 541356 1,193 

July 16 *01310 501*13 BJI43 

July >5 ... 245488 483358 7326 

July 12 19*350 441329 2,187 

July 11 19*361 420373 1,177 

'included In me tales (Inures 



AMEX Diaries 


Tattles include tfte nationwide prices 
up to the dasina on Wall Street and 
do not reflect late trades etSBWture. 

Via The Associated Press 


Advanced 
Detained 
Unchanged 
Tefal issues 
New HfeftS 
New Laws 
Volume up 
Volume down 


Oom Prov. 

85 3 

232 242* 

790 821 

32 72 

I 7 


Standard & Poor's index 


Industrials 

Tramp. 

Utilities 

Finance 

Composite 


MhA Low Close eta’s* 
21542 2M34 TUuiJ — 1 its 
101-83 imi 5 18048— IS 

ftfi wm-ijn 

2332 23.01 n <-) _njo 
1954S 19434 19431 -137 


NASDAQ index 


Week Year 
Clou dm Acs AOO 
Composite 30648 -109 30052 23037 

Industrials 312J5 — 1.7} 395.92 25839 

FhWC4 378.06 — 176 389.50 257.94 

Insurance 3*631 — 037 356J9 22637 

utilities 30136 — 146 29934 20033 

Banks 30346 +045 39636 19*32 

Transa. 27136—030 26532 79430 


AMEX Most Actives 


AMEX Sales 


4 PAL volume 
prev. 4 pjvl, volume 
Prwr.com. volume 


1.980300 

11300300 

11300300 




Vol. 

High 

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Ufl 

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AMEX Stock index 


him low note enrpe 

23735 23638 23*33 —0.96 


Stocks Lower in Profit-Taking 

Untied Press Iniermaionat “ ‘ 

NEW YORK — Concern about economic M m l Uo $200 MiffioJl 
weakness and the course of interest rales in the -T ^ 



Untied Press Intemtaionai 

NEW YORK — Concern about economic 
weakness and the course or interest rates in the 
United States took the steam out of prices 
Thursday on the New York Stock Exchange. 
After two consecutive days of record-breaking 
advances, investors took profits. 

Stocks opened lower on news that the gross 
national product grew at only a 1 .7-percent 
annual rate in the second quarter. Nervousness 
about the lack of accord between the House and 
Senate budget committees also look a toll, ana- 
lysts said. 

Though sux&s moved briefly higher in mid- 
aft emoon activity, the market gave up ground 
again in the last hour of trading, dosing near its 
session lows. 

The Dow Jones industrial average lost 7.05 to 
1,350.92. Trading was heavy. 

Declines outnumbered advances by a 5-2 
ratio. Volume totaled 131.4 million" shares, 
down from 159.9 million Wednesday. 

Some analysts said the market’s relatively 
moderate decline on the GNP news after two 
record-breaking days was encouraging. 

“The market action was very orderly and that 
is positive," said Marvin Katz of Sanford C. 
Bernstein. The market gained 22 points in the 
previous two sessions and only gave up a third 
of that Thursday, he noted. 

Mr. Katz said the stage was set for stronger 
growth in the third quarter and that the in- 
creased economic activity would occur “without 
inflation rearing its ugly head." 

Phillips Petroleum was Lhe most active 
NYSE-usted issue, up U to 1 1%. 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — M-I, the narrowest measure 
of the U.S. money supply, edged up S2QG mil- 
lion in early July, the Federal Reserve Board 
reported Thursday. 

The Fed said M-l, which includes cash,, 
checking accounts and non bank traveler’s 
checks, rose to a seasonally adjusted average of 
$596.2 billion in the week ended July S, from 
$596 billion the previous week. 

For the latest 13 weeks, M-l averaged $584.5 
billion, a 10.9-percent seasonally adjusted an- 
nual rate of gain from the previous 13 weeks. 

The Fed has said it would like to see M-l 
grow 3 to 8 percent from the second quarter 
through the fourth quarter. 

Bankamerica Coro, was second, easing Vk to 
17*5 after reporting huge second-quarter losses 
Wednesday. 

G.D. Searlc was third and the session's big- 
gest winner, up AVt to 63% on news Monsanto 
will acquire it for $2.7 billion in cash. Monsanto 
fell 1% to 51. 

Upjohn advanced 2 to 118% while Squibb 
dropped 1V5 to 68%. 

LTV Corp. rose % to 8!A, while U.S. Steel 
closed unchanged at 27%. Both stocks were 
heavily traded. 

Among technology issues, IBM lost 34 to 
128%, but Digital Equipment added 1% to 
101 Vi. Motorola added ft to 35%. Sperry eased 
tt to 51%. 



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63ft 62% 65% + ft 
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110% 7V AsdOpf 4J5 44 
24 Mi 18%, A throne 740 7J 10 





CHRYSLER ATS 7? 


As contrarians, CGR has been pre-conditioned to resist the “Crowd', to foray as 
loners, to exhibit fiscal courage, based upon common sense •dogma". Courage, on 
th e “St reeT, is a rare commodity. When our pundits recommended CHRYSLER at S 7, 
FORD around $ 17, G.M. at S 38, critics assumed we were hallucinating. 

One prestigious investment banker dubbed; "CHRYSLER as a logical bet. for 
bankruptcy, another STUDEBAKER PACKARD’. Courage is more than the opposite 
of despair. Camus, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, have proclaimed, in the subtleties of 
their semantics, that courage is not the absence of despair, it is, rather, the capacity 
to move ahead in spite of despair. 

People attain dignity by the multitude of decisions they make from day to day. 
These decisions require courage.This is why PaulTillich speaks of courageas “onto- 
logical*, it is essential to our being. 

Were our analysts mutually eccentric or courageous, in having predicted, when 
the DOW was under 800, that the “DJI’S* will touch 1,000 before hitting ?50r At the 
time most oracles were bearish, even BARRON'S, succumbed; writing, on August 9, 
1982, that the “market seems to be saying it has seen the future and it doesn'twodt" 
A week later, the Bull rampaged; our optimism was vindicated. 

When the DJI'S drooped under 1100, in the summer of 1984, the “Streer cringed; 
investors shovelled out tons of dreams. We refuted their manic-depressive nature, 
stating-. “BUY, THE MARKET IS ABOUT TO ERUPT, VAPORIZING PROPHETS OF 
DOOM.* And now? THE DJI’S WILL PASS 2,000, WITH COROLLARY GAINS IN 
EMERGING SHARES. 

Our forthcoming letter focuses upon equities that can catapult: with minimal risk, 
emulating a recently recommended, ’special situation,’ that spiralled 800% in 8 
months. 

Fbr your complimentary copy, please write to, or telephone - 


CAPITAL 
B GAINS 


C.V.C. Capital Venture Consultants 
Amsterdam B.V. 

Kaiverstraat1l2 

1012 PK Amsterdam, The Netherlands 
Phone: (020) 27 51 81 Telex: 18536 


Name: 


Address: 

Phone: 


RasJ performance does not guarantee fulure results 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


Page 13 


BUSINESS ROUNDUP 


■Jt£3 Cb* 


1 The Aaoa&td Press . - 

ATLANTA Coc*Coia Ca 
sani Thmsday that prcfrt m the 
second qnarter iose 6 percent on a 
5.8-percenl gain in revenue bom 
the same period last year. 

-Net income Tor ihe quarter end- 
ed June 30 totaled $196.1 nriffieib, 
or $150 a share, compared with 
$185 .imlBoii, or $1.40- a share, in 
ibe same period last year. Revome' 
came to $2.04 billion, *im From 
$1.93bifficai ■ 


; .For the Gist six months of theS-The company announced last 
year, net income rose 4A percent to- jweek dot it. would resume iu old 
$337.3 mi l lion, or $258 a share, ^Brorrala for Cake, undo 1 die name 
from $323 million,; or $2A^asha^v<><apQ}laaassic ■ 

Half-year revenue rose 12 percent Mr. Goizoeta said the company 

to $3.79 biffion from $351 Mfion. had- a 5-percent rain in operating 

Vum i 1 Uh umh . - — T - 1 *- !La Ilk - fR- -* - — 


• ^O^woddnn^ 

ness is engaged in a very dynamic tai rate and fewer diaresoutstand- 
period of activity across ..fhie: prod- ing. 

uct line, a fact which is rrftrctcd in International soft-drink sales in- 

• wi Jw i* AitJ ■ «i ■■■* * !■ M 3 ' .. « Jf 


strong votorae and earning 
Roberto C Goizueta, ef 
and chief executive officer. 


" said creased 12 percent in the second 
irxnan quarter and 11 percent in the Gist 
six months, the company said. 


7 ? 


,„ f _ 

k3 ^ n ^ m C&',f' aya 3 
emails Ra, S 7. 

w a teg.— . 

»e than the ,0r 
rather 

" 'Cecity 
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wtng r n :,„^ 

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^ LAHV GAjNs in 
* *n^h>snirr:e ins i. 

WvtiQSy. " n s|, g 


C««w*jnants 
7*** Netherlands 

Te>®*; 185 36 


— —-ADVERTISEMENT 

INTERNATIONAL FUNDS 

; Quotoflons Supplied bv Funds Listed 
18 July 1985 • 

ti n at* Hw ^ v^yww>pBBMP> c wiiBbtt <iwQni , i ii by BwFaindt tilled liitMitiw 

wtww.mwtw ortbcacfloc hsot prtcu. T1 m Wtewta*. 




AL.MAL. MANAGEMENT 

■■jyjMTriBLiA --- SMtaO 

■kMCJIMJIlS BAIR &Ca Ltd. 

— W Bwrtqtm SF 923 JC 

^Sd } Cwttmr — SF 12D4H0 

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SF1Q3SJS2 NIMARBEN - 

SF MtlJIt —id ) aaaA. 

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**14 









Goldsnu& Raises 
ZeUerhach Stake 

■|T'. 

The Ass^oted Press 

SAN FRANCESCO —In awe* 
of heavy trading Sir James Goki- 
snrith said Thursday he had boost- 
ed his stafcqm Crown Zdkrbach 
Carp, to about 45 percent of its 
shares outstanding. 

Interviewed by telephone in 
London, the financier said he 
mi gh t call a special shareholders’ 
meeting to try to halt a “scandalous 
proposal" by management to re- 
structure the paper and forest 
products company. 

According to Crown’s bylaws, 
shareholders owning at least 40 
p erc e nt of die company can call a 
special meeting of stockholders. 


American Motors Contis 13cdy 
to incur & loss of $80 million to $90 
million this year; and will have a 
deficit again in 1986, Georges 
Besse, head of the Erendi gpvem- 
ment-owned automaker, Renault, 
said in Paris. Mr. Besse confirmed 
that AMC would receive a two-year 
Loan of $175 million from RenaulL 

British Telecommunications 
PLC said in its annual report that 
its first year as a public company 
produced prcm profit of £1.48 bit- 
Iran fl208 bfltionj for the year end- 
ed March 31, iq> from £990 mflSon 
the previous year. 

fund Motor Co. introduced its 
new Aerostar minivan, saying it in- 
vested about $350 nnDkm. to retool 
and modernize its Sl Loins assem- 

m^be soldln the United Stales in 
both passenger and commercial 
mod*. 

General Electric Co. said it will 
lay off 1500 workers in Singapore 
in the next two weeks becanse erf a 
sharp fall in demand for its electri- 
cal products; partiaibriy in the 
United Stales. The cuts will bring 
to 2,700 the total number of work- 
ers laid off by GE in the past five 
months. . 

Habitat Mothercare PLC said it 
bought 500,000 Burton Group PLC 
ordinary shares at prices ranging 
from 452 pence 10 471 pence per 


Apple Reports 
Loss, Sales Drop 
In 3d Quarter 

United Pros huemadotwl 

CUPERTINO, California — 
.Apple Computer Inc. reported on 
Thursday a net loss for its third 
quarter and a drop in sales. 

The company reported a net k»s 
for the third quarter of $172 mfl- 
Eon, or 28 cents a share, compared 
with net income of $183 million, or 
30 cents a share, in the third quar- 
ter of the previous year. 

Sales were $374.9 mffikm, down 
t!6 percent from $4211 nuOionm 
the same period last year, and 
down $60.4 millkm from the sec- 
ond quartet. 

. John ScuHey, Apple’s president, - 
attributed the loss to ano-time ex- 
penses of $4(D nriBwn incurred in 
reorgani?atkm of the company. He 
said Apple's position re- 

mained solid. 

“While it is difficult to predict 
how long the xnusein the computer 
industry will last, we are confident 
that Apple is wdl positioned to 
take advantage of future growth," 
he said. 

For the first three quarters, Ap- 
ple reported sales of $15 bfltian, a 
455-percent increase from $1.03 
billion in the comparable period in 
1984, and net income of $38.9 m3- 
lion, up 17 percent from $332 mil- 
lion. 


share, The purchase was prompted 
fay the attraction of Burton as an 
investment and by Habitat’s desire 
to provide Barton with active sup- 
port in its bid fa Debenhams PLC 

Hongkong Land Co. said it has 
awarded a contract for 128 million 
Hong Kong dollars ($1655 m3r 

to build the subs^^i^rf the 
second phase of its new office com- 
plex. 

JGC Cocps Kellogg Overseas 
Carp, of the United States and 
Raymond Engineers Australia Ply. 
have won a 400-biUion-yco ($158- 
bnUon) order Grom Woodade Off- 
slKM uPe^d jeum P^.^ boP dlique- 

RCA Cotp. said earnings in the 
second quarter ending June 30 rose 
5.4 percent from a year earlier to a 
record, helped by strong perfor- 
mances from NBC and its aero- 
space and mili tary businesses. 
Profitin the three months rose to 
$1 15.8 rnOEon, or $156 a tiiare, 
from $1095 jnSHon, or $1.13 a 
share. ■ 

Speny Corp.'s chairman, Gerald 
Probst, said an “informal inquiry" 
was being made by the U5. Securi- 
ties ana Fychangp Commission 
into trading in dm company stock 
before merger talks with Burroughs 
Corp. were announced last month.' 
The talks friiied. 


Earnings 


Rtovwwe and profits. In millions, ara In beat currmncitut 
unless otherwise Indicated, 


Mudi 

MsHIlwrm 

XZ*r W JHM 

RavaoiMi — _ UKL LJJi}. 
Pretax Nat_ _WU 

Par Shore 0301 03S35 

Grt Universal Stares 
Sjor ljg JM 

Rav«no* amo, 

Pretax Not. HU ma 
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wfwr wes im 

Rovonuo i sm. i.m 

Pretax Nat _ 707 an 

Par Share am OOM 

tMledSlaief 
Maautactarars Hanover 

issri.. Jffi ss 

PacSMra 137 141 

w Hair .2*15 .1WJ 
NM UK. — UBK 157J7 
Par Share __ 3JW 129 

Mcsraw-HIII 
MQoar. 1»B 1W 
Ravanua - - ®.i BU 

NU InC 3A43 3U7 

Par Share BM DM 

U»«H ]»J 

Ravxnua — (Jtuf at.\ 
NM Inc. — 6U5 S»,U 

Par Share— US 1.17 

Mean* 

kdQaor. HU 1MM 

Nat Inc. 3U va 

ParShare_ UN 873 


NrtA. American Coal 
MQoar. MB NM 

SSTST-z; Y8 

Par Stare — IM U0 
1 It Halt INS tm 

Ravanoa 257.1 Ml 

Nat Inc. 113 7JM 

Par Shore— 4.1S 431 

Nortti Amor. Philip* 

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Ravanua 4.1*0. irffl. 

NM lltC. 467.1 4007 

Par Share — 445 432 

Pantalr 

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Nat inc. 451 

Par Share. — BS3 077 

whom ms mj 

Ravanua 27U 2524 

NOt Inc 1243 1171 

par Share — 141 144 


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Hot IlK. 137J ns.* 

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ass- a 


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— *£& ^ 5S^= 52 5S 

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IMS ISM 

mi 4074 


Geneva 

We have pleasure in announcing the following appointments: 

MOHAMED BEN ABDALLAH 

Manager-Stock Exchange 

ALI BENOUARI 

Deputy Manager-Foreign Exchange & Treasury 


SAUDI FINANCE CORPORATION 

Member of Al Saudi Bank Group 
2, rue Thalberg 
P.O.Box 901 

CH-1211 GENEVA 1 - Switzerland 


Options driwhS/Rj.. 



G4S32Un-323S 

Yatas White WeM&A. 

L Ooo* 4a MaM-Mauc 
nilGcaca I.SafewlMNl 
TtL 31UZ51 • Telex 283QS 


sroac uss usi 

DeVoe-Holbein 

Twtemarinwal b* 6% "PA 

CtyCbdc ‘ 

lnlemationil nv 23k 3ra 

Quotes as ufc July IB. T905 


Investors seeking above average 
capital gains in global stock 
markets can simply write us a 
note and the weekly 
INVESTORS ALERT newsletter 
will be sent free and without, 
obligation- 


First Commerce Securities bv 
■Hereagracht4g3 
101 7 BT Amsterdam 
The Netherlands 
Telephone (0)3120 268901 
Telex: 14507 firco nl 


Lonrho Reports 
33%PmfhRige 
In first Half 

Rones 

LONDON — Lonrho PLC 
reported Thursday that pretax 
profit for tire first half rose 33 
percent to £70.7 utiffion ($100 
nriBion) from £S3aa\Ym tn the 
first half of 1984. 

Revenue rose to £l .28 billion, 
an 115-percent increase from 
£1.15 MBon. 

A £47.4-xmHion extraordi- 
nary profit in the first half re- 
flected the sate, of Lonrho’s 
stake of almost 30 percent in 
House of Fraser PLC late last 

year, a spokesman said. 

Lonrho said overseas muting 
activities did wdl in (he first i 
half, with gold and platinum : 
making major conmbn lions. 

Tea, coffee and wattle had good ! 

first-half profits, although sug- 
ar was hurt by the Call in wand i 
prices. 

The subsidiary Princess , 
properties International, with 
. sot hotels in Mexico, Bermuda 
the Bahamas IS tikefy IO I 
exceed last year's results, the 
company said. 

Lomho said the Audi and I 
Volkswagen car-importing 
h umww mid manufacturing ao- 

tivities are performing wdL 


Baxter Predicts Savings on Merger 


(Cootinoed from Page 11) 
be joined with Baxter's stronger 

overseas operations. 

Mr. Loucks said revenues could 
beinercased as a result of the merg- 

lo^^t m£iu- 
facturing plants through 
American’s highly regarded distri- 
bution system 

“A lot of what they do is similar 
to what we do,” Mr. Loucks said. 
“Some of our automation capabili- 
ties should be applicable in their 
plants and vice versa.” In addition, 
he said Baxter should benefit from 
the computerized system for order- 
ing, supplies that connects many 
hospitals with American. 

He also said that the cash Dow 
produced from the merger would 
turn the combined company into a 
research and development power- 


"Today you need substantial 
cash flow to fund this type of re- 
search,” Mr. Loucks sard, “and I 
see this as a major reason for the 
merger.” 

“We’ve been going through a pe- 
riod in which (be heal th-cajrc indus- 
try bp s really shrinking,” Mr. 
Loucks added, speaking from his 
office in Deerfield, Illinois, a sub- 
urb north of Chicago. “It seems to 
me that tire abfliiy to survive de- 
pends on being the low-cost pro- 
ducer and that depends cm scale.” 
Baxter Tuesday reported earn- 


ings of $43.6 million in tire second 34 cents. Sales for the quarter were 
quarter, down 8 percent from.$47.4 $499.8 tmffion,. up 6 percent from 
million a year earlier. Earnings per $4735 million in the quarter a year 
share fell to 30 cents a share from earlier. 

Banks SeM, Swap Latin Debts 

(Continued from Page 11) transactions, brokers say. Fees vary 

very cautious about the entire mar- enonoously, and are dropping un- 
ket, and they usually go through der competitive pressure, but they 
intermediaries,” said Qristine A. still range up to 1 percent, and 
Bogdanowicz-Bindert, a senior vice sometimes more, 
president at Shearson Leh man There are no hard figures, but 
Brothers, one of the firms that ar- estimates put the market total at 
ranges the loan swaps and sales. about S3 billion worldwide in 1984, 
”1/ you're going to give new mostly in swaps. That pales com- 
money,” tire said, “and you trade pared with the amount erf foreign 
paper at a discount, that doesn’t loans outstanding, with $360 bn* 
look so good — especially if your Bon in Latin American foreign debt 
chairman is calling up regional alone, 

banks and trying to get them to Nonetheless, the deals offer 
contribute new money." some inkling of what foreign debts 

Sales volume of Latin debt may really be worth, although ev- 
picked up enough to be called a eryone cautions that tire discounts 
market in late 1983. brokers said, are only the roughest of indicators. 

S mall - and medium-sized luniks Loans to Bolivia, which is more 
in the United States and abroad are 'ban a year behind in interest pay- 
ments and which suffers from pos- 
sibly the most chaotic economy in 
the world, sell for about 20 cents on 
the dollar. Peruvian debt, under the 
burden of that country's economic 
woes and a guerrilla war, trades for 
half of its face value. Argentine 
debt trades for about 70 cents on 
the dollar, while loans of Venezue- 
la, probably tire least troubled Lat- 
in debtor, sell for about 90 percent 
of face value. 


the primary players in the market. 

About a dozen brokers are sig- 
nificant players in tire market, put- 
ting buyers and sellers together. 
They range from small investment 
hflnVt such as Giadefi and Leslie, 
Weinert & Co- to large financial 
houses like Shearson Lehman and 
Salomon Brothers. 

Many commercial banks, such as 
Gticorp, Bankers Trust and Mor- 
gan Guaranty, also arrange tire 


“Significant increase in 
half year results 
with record profits” 

R W Rowland, Chief Executive 


X am pleased to report a significant increase in the half year results to March 1985 with 
record profits again. 

Profit before tax has risen by 33 per cent, to £70.7 million and profit attributable to 
shareholders at £28.8 million is up by 23 per cent, compared with last year. 

In the United Kingdom, the Audi and Volkswagen car distributorship, and manufacturing 
activities, are performing well. In the current year Lonrho's total sales of new vehicles in the 
United Kingdom alone will exceed 150,000 units, thereby making us the-largtst distribution 
network. The partial closure of Crockfords for re-decoration during the first half of the year 
affected the overall results of -our ten casinos. A new casino in Queensway, London, has been 
licensed to operate arid is being prepared for opening. 

Overseas our mining activities have done well in die half year, with gold and platinum 
being major contributors. 

Princess Properties International, which owns six hoteb in Mexico, Bermuda, and the 
Bahamas, together with the Bahamas Princess Casino, is likely to exceed the results of last 
year. 

Agricultural reports are mixed for the half year, with good profits from tea, coffee and 
wattle, whereas sugar has been affected by a fall in world prices. 

In May, Lonrho Finance Pic, a wholly-owned subsidiary, issued U.S.S40 million 6 Vi per 
cent. Convertible Bonds Due 2000. The Bonds are unconditionally guaranteed by, and 
convertible into OrcLnary Shares of, Lonrho at 185p per share. The fixed rate of exchange for 
convention is $1.2385 to £1 and therefore on full conversion 17.5 million shares would be 
issued. 


Profit Projection 

I am confident that 1985 as a whole will be a highly satisfactory year, particularly as 
Lonrho traditionally shows an improved second half. 


28/u/y 1985 


The unaudited results of the Lonrho Group of Companies 
in respect of the six months ended 31 March 1985 are as follows:- 



6 months 
to 31 March 
1985 
£m 

6 months 

to 31 March Increase 

1984 

£m % 

Turnover 

1,276.6 

1,147.6 

n 

Profit before tax 

70.7 

53.0 

33 

Tax 

35.4 

25.6 



35.3 

27.4 


Minority interest 

6.5 

3.9 


Profit attributable to 
shareholders 
before extraordinary 
items 

28.8 

23.5 

23 

Earnings per share 

10.9p 

8.9p 


Notes: 

Dividend 




1. The Group’s share of the turnover of associates for 
the six months aided 31 March 1985 was £328. 8m 
(1984— £454. 0m) and is excluded from the above. 

2. Profit before tax includes profits from associates of 
• £l6.6m(M84-£24.8m). 

3. Tax chaise: because of the incidence of accelerated 
capita] allowances, the tax charge provided at the 
half year can only be estimated. 

4. Extraordinary profits £47.4 million. 


The Board has declared a second interim dividend of 
4.00p per share (equivalent to 5.7143p per share 
including the related tax credit) for payment on 
1 October 1985 to shareholders on the Register at 
30 August 1985, representing an increase of 14.3 per 
cent, over the second interim dividend of 350p paid fast 
year. This dividend is in addition to the first interim 
dividend ofl.OOp (1934— I. OOp) per share (equivalent to 
1.4286p per share including the related tax credit) 
declared on 31 January 1985 and paid on 4 April 1985. 


LONRHO 

LONRHO Pic, CHEAPSIDE HOUSE, 138 CHEAPSIDE, LONDON EC2V 6BL 
























INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 



E 3 tt= 


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WEDNESDAYS IN THE IHT 


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lonPsee 























































ENTEKNATIONAL 


TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 



To the Holders of 

International Income 
Fund 

Short Term 'A' Units 

Distribution Units - in Bearer Form 
Short Term 'B' Units 

Distribution Units - in Bearer Form 





2oftntel 

ZHiLbs 

ZcnMtl 

Zwwe 

ZMftHer Mb 4J 
Zkmui 1J6 1* 
Zlt« 

ZlvttO 

zanam Mi £ 

2 vc ad 

Z*M 


2» K. 

3": 

3** 

7i«:r 

Wl 

37 + 

7319'- 

10 

1* — 1* 

33 ra. 

3-k 

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1 12 

13 

17 




M 3*. 

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8U + >. 


pay Warner Communications Inc 
$450 nriUioQ in cash for Warner’s 
half erf their joint cable-television 
venture. 

Under the terms of the partner- 
ship that formed Warner Amex Ca- 
ble Communications six years ago, 
Warner has until Aug, 14 to accept 
the offer or match il Now that 
American Express has triggered the 
buy-sell agreement, Warner has the 
option of buying out American Ex- 
press for the same price. 

American Express said it would 
sell all the Warner Amex assets for 
$900 million to Time Inc. and Tele- 
communications, which have also 
agreed to assume about $500 mil- 
lion of Warner Ames’s debt. Time 
and Tde-CommunicaUons had of- 
fered $850 milli on in cash plus the 
assumption of debt to acquire 
Warner Amex. 


Midland Bank Trust Corporation {Jersey} Limited as Trustee of 
the above mentioned Fund has declared the following 
dividends per Unit for the financial period ended 30th June, 
1985, payable on 31st July, 1985 in respect of Units in issue on 
30th June, 1985: — 

Short Term ’A' Units - Distribution Units 
US$0.0356 per Unit - Payable against Coupon No. 8. 
Short Term *B' Units - Distribution Units 
US$0.0249 per Unit - Payable against Coupon No. 8. 

Unit holders should send their Coupons to either the Trustee 
at 28/34 Hill Street, St. Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands or to 
one of the following Paying Agents: — 

EBC Trust Company (Jersey) Limited, EBC House, 1-3 Seale 
Street. St Helier, jersey, C.I. 

Bankers Trust Company, One Bankers Trust Plaza, New York, 
N.Y. 10005. 

Bartque Generate du Luxembourg S.A., 14 Rue Aldringen, 
Luxembourg. 

Midland Bank Trust Corooration 
(jersey) Limited 
Trustee 

Dated 15th July, 1985. 


Riunione 

Adriatica 

Dl SlCURTA 


The Annual General Meeting of Riunione 
Adriatica di Sicurta was held in Milan on 
25th June 1985 with Mr. Franz Schmitz 
in the chair. The Meeting adopted the 
Company’s Accounts for the year ended 
31st December 3 984, highlights from 
which appear on the right 
After 3 transfer of Lit 16 bn- to reserves, 
rhe net profit amounted to Lit 20.4 bn., 
36% higher than in 1983, and a dividend 
of Lit. 1 ,000 per share was declared chat 
will be payable as from 16th July 1985. 
In their Report, the Directors state that 
premium income from direct business in 
Italy reached Lit 1 ,000 bn., au advance of 
17.2% on the previous year. 

Growth in the Life Branch was again 
mosr satisfactory, wjrh premium volume 
up by 27.3%. In the General Branch, a 
creditable increase of 14.9% was 
achieved. - Underwriting results show an 
overalLiraprovement, though losses con- 
tinue to be incurred in some accounts, no- 
tably Third-Party Motor Liability. 

The Company's total investments 
amounted to Lit. 2,307.7 bn., which pro- 
duced net income of Lit 214 bn., a 28% 
improvement over the previous twelve 
months. 

As Extraordinary Business, the Annual 
General Meeting approved proposals to 
merge two wholly-owned property sub- 
sidiaries into RAS, to delete the so-called 
"acceptability clause" from the Compa- 
ny’s Articles of Association and to reduce 
the minimum and maximum number of 
Directors and Statutory Auditors permit- 
ted by the Articles. > 

Elections to the Board and Statutory Audit 
Committee were made accordingly. Franz 
Schmitz, Deriev von der Burg and 
Umberto Zanni were reelected Chairman, 
Deputy Chairman and Managing Direc- 
tor respectively. 


MILAN ■ i 1 An 


HIGHLIGHTS OF ACCOUNTS 
RAS ONLY, DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN BRANCH OFFICES 
• (in billion lire) 


Premium Income 

1,310.5 

Investment Income 

250.6 

Claims, Maturities and other Benefits paid 

721.9 

Insurance Reserves, Non-Life Branch 

1,222.6 

Insurance Reserves, Life Branch 

910.8 

Life Sums assured 

6.935.1 

Share Capital 

87.5. 

General Reserves • 

542.7 

Profit for the year 

20.4 


PREMIUM INCOME 
OF THE RAS GROUP 
(ITALY AND ABROAD) 

bfllion lire 


. SALES OF THE 
RAS GROUP 

Premium income breakdown in 1984 
(in billion lire) 


-5^99. (m Italy and abroad) .............. 1,310.5 

3,000 

2,800 Other Italian Group 
, Am Companies 278.3 


2,400 

;• Foreign Group 
2JZ0Q Companies 


!l98oi’8r 1*82 I '83 - I ^84 


Total premiums 3,173.2 


RA$ Group Life Business 

Total Sums assured. L. 14,891 trillion lire 


All of these bonds having been placed, this an- 
nouncement appea rs f or purposes of record only. 


INTERNATIONAL BANK 

FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT 

Washington, D.G. 


DM 600,000,000 

7% Deutsche Mark Bonds of 1985, due 1995 


Offering Price: 
Interest: 
Repayment: 
Listing: 


99%% 

7% p-a., payable annually on August 1 

August 1, 1995 at par 

at all German stock exchanges 




WORLD BANK 




Dresdner Bank 

Aktiengeserilschsft 


ADCA-Bank 

AkliengesellschHft 

AUgarnains Deutsche CredH-Anstalt 

Badlsche Kommunale Landesbank 

-Girtuuntrale- 

Bayerische Hypatheken-und Wochnal-Bank 

Aktiengesellschaft 

Job. Berenberg, Gassier & Co. 

Bremer Landesbank 
(Creditanstalt Oldenburg 

- Girozentrale - 
DeJbiticfc&Co 

Conrad Hmrich Donner 

Hamburgfeche Landesbank 

- Girozentrale - 
Heasischa Landesbank 
-Girozentrale- * 

Landesbank Rheinland -Pfalz 

- Girozentrale - 
Merck, RnckBCo. 

National-Bank 

AktiengeseUachaft 

SaL OppenJhteim jr. ft Cle. 

Schwfibbche Bank 
Aktiengesellschaft 
Wreine- und Westbank 
Aktiengesellschaft 


Algernons Bank Nederland N.V. 

Goldman Sachs International Corp. 
Paribas Limited 


Deutsche Bank 

Aktiengesellschaft 


Commerzbank 

Aktiengesellschaft 


Arab Banking Corporation - 
Daus&Co. GmbH 

Bank tDr Gemeinwirtscftaft 

Aktiengesellschaft 

Bayeriscbe Landesbank 

Girozentrale 

Berliner Bank 

Aktiengesellschaft 

Citibank Aktiengesellschaft 


Deutsche Girozentrale 
-Deutsche Kommunalbank- 
DSL Bank 

Deutsche Siedfungs- und Landasrentenbenfc 
Handels- und Privatbank 

Aktiengesellschaft 

Industrie bank von Japan (Deutschland) 

Aktiengesellschaft 

Landesbank Seer Girozentrale 

B, MetzlerseeLSohn&Co. 

Nomura Europe GmbH 

Reuschel&Co. 

J.H. Stein 

M. ML Werburg-Brinekmann, WlrtzS Co. 

WDrttemberglsche Kommunale Landesbank 
Girozentrale 


Benqua Nationals de Paris 


Westdeutsche Landesbank 
Girozentrale 

Baden-WBitternbergische Bank 
Aktiengesellschaft 

Bankers Thust GmbH 

Bays rise he Vereinsbank 
Aktiengesellschaft 

Berliner Handels- und Frankfurter Bank 
CSFB-Effoctsnbank AG 


DGBank 

Deutsche G e nossen schaf tsb a n k 

Hallbaum, Meier & Co. AG 

-landkredrtbank- 

Georg Hauck&Sohn Banklers 

Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien 

Bon khans Hermann Lamps 

Kommanditgesellschaft 

Landesbank Schleswig-Holstein 

Girozentrale 

Morgan Guaranty GmbH 

Nonddeutsche Landesbank 

Girozentrale 

Kari Schmidt Bankgesehfift 
Trinkaus &Burkhardt 
Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien 
Mfestfatenbanfc 
Aktiengesellschaft 


Baring Brothers $ Co, 

Limited 

Morgan Stanley International 


Merrill Lynch International & Co. Morgan Stanley International 

Salomon Brothers International Limited Swiss Bank Corporation International 

'Limited 

Union Bank of Switzerland 
(Securities) Limited 


J 

















































Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1983 



SMSQfl 5W» 
High Lon 


Open High Lo« Clow Cho. 


Grains 


WHEAT (CUT) 

&000 bu ml rtmum-dw tanner bushel 
1M £00% Jut 300 3JC 

\JWi £05% Sm Xtfflft lOB*. 

1*31* in Dec XlSMr 3.17 

3.74% £12% Mar 3.14 116% 

*re 101 May 3j*% xoau. 

3-nva urn Jul xwn UK 

Esl. Sales Prev. Sales 10851 

Prev. Dav Open Inf. 36,169 off 600 

CORN (CBT) 

SflOO bu minimum- dollars pot bushel 
. J3i 2*7% Jgi we Ml Yj 

U1VU 149 Sw'UI ZO 

18 n Da Kift 241ft 

110 247 Mar 148ft 148ft 

12116 150V? Mav 152ft 152ft 

184 £50% Jul 2514 152ft 

184ft 134 Sep 134ft 136 

Est. Sales P rev. Sales 37305 

Prev. Day Open im. 10CU39 up 234 
SOYBEANS CCBTJ 
S000 Du mini mum- dollars pot bushel 

yn sji jui 3Aift i64ft 


754 544 

6.71 140 

648 542 

6.79 X57 

742 163 

7.79 171 

6-58 £74 


544 Aug 543 543 

540 Sep £41 541 

542* NOV 545ft 545ft 
5-5TW Jan 172ft £75 
163 Mar 1*6 186 

5J1 Mav 192 192 

574 Jul 157ft 192 


174 176 Auo 182 585 

Esl. Sates Prey. Sales <8824 
Prew. Day Oven Inf. 61.756 up 2097 
SOYBEAN MBAL (CBT) 

100 Ians- <lnl lars per Ion 
1MJO 11720 Jul 12120 126-50 

180-09 11980 Aug 127.50 127.50 

179.50 12240 Sep 13020 13020 

1B0-S0 12100 Oct 13XJB 13X70 

1B4JS0 13080 Dec 137.80 13780 

16100 13280 Jan 14000 140-50 

20640 137-50 Mar 14100 14100 

16150 M£00 MOV M400 14780 

16780 14780 Jul 15250 13250 

Est. Sales P rev. Soles 10,762 

Prow. Day Open Inf. 45.958 up 874 
SOYBEAN OIL (CBT) 

60800 lbs- dollars per 100 lbs. 

3272 2270 Jul 2054 2085 

31.95 2240 Aup 2748 2749 

31.10 2210 Sep 2673 2685 

30-37 2290 Oct 2115 28- 23 

2945 2290 Dec 2540 2545 

2207 2340 Jon 2 Sj05 2530 

2040 2440 Mar 2470 2X05 

2745 2430 May 2423 2480 

2535 23.95 Jul 2440 2445 

2115 2481 Auo 2435 2436 

ESI. Sales Prev. sales 1*953 

Prev. Day Open Inf. 341740 oft 2826 
OATS(CBT) 

1000 bu m Inlmum- dal lars per bushel 
170ft 14116 Jul 1428k 147V 

1.79 139 Sep 138 138V ' 

182ft 143 Dec 141V 142ft 

147V 1.45ft Mar 144 144 

183 146ft Mav 

EH. Softs Prev. Sales 401 

Prev. Day Open Int. 2957 off 113 


Livestock 


CATTLE 1C ME) 

40000 lbs.- cents per lb. 

6747 5532 Aug 5680 5637 

6190 5680 Oct 5785 5817 

6785 5890 Dec 59.90 *087 

6745 5975 Feb 60.70 6085 

6757 61.02 Apr 6115 6175 

6635 6180 Jun 62.15 62.15 

EsL Sates 19378 Prev. Sales Z12BS 
Prev. Day Open Int. 49374 up 751 
FEEDER CATTLE fCME> 

44.000 ibi- cents ner Bl 

73.70 62.35 Aug 6338 6125 

7100 6280 Sep 6110 6140 

72J2 6285 Oct 6387 6195 

7120 6435 NOV 64.90 6£35 

7980 6830 Jan 6738 6730 

7085 66.10 MOT 0687 6735 

7085 6880 Apt 6735 6735 

May 

Est. Sates 1866 Prev.SaftS 1811 
Prev. Day Open int. 8793 uo2T7 
HOGS (CME) 

30.000 tbv cents per lb, 

5577 47j 05 Jut 4930 4930 

54-37 46.10 Aug 4732 4732 

5175 41.75 Oct 4272 4110 

S0J5 4150 Dec 4475 4475 

5047 mm Feb tux, tua 

4735 4280 APT 4338 4338 

4935 45l 20 Jun 45.95 45.95 

4985 4570 Jul 4190 4630 

5150 4585 Aug 

Est. Sales 4J40 Prev. Sates 6876 
Prev. Day Ooen int. 20494 off 727 
PORK BELLIES (CME) 

38000 Kml- cants eer lb. 

8247 5442 Jut 5577 55.90 

0085 5180 Aug 55.90 55.95 

7630 6115 Feb 66.15 6640 

7540 6400 Mar 658» 

7530 6530 May 64®5 6650 

76 30 6535 Jul 6675 6675 

7115 6450 Auo 

Est. Sales 5.936 Prev. Sales *191 
Prev. Day Open lot. 10,101 off IS 


199ft -JZti 
136'* —31V 
114 —8016 

114 -00% 

104V +00* 
284 ft tJBU 


281 U +3*ft 
151 +0016 

£3916 —82 

246V —82 

280ft —31V 
250ft —813 
234ft 


532V 

558ft —02% 
5L56U —,05ft 
£61 -JSft 
£71 — JMft 

581ft —35 

£88 —34ft 

588V — 83V 
582ft —84ft 


12580 —230 
12530 —230 
127.90 —2.90 
13080 —Ml 
135.96 -25B 
13130 —330 
14IJ0 —380 
14580 —470 
14880 —490 


2882 +.14 

2747 +.13 

2683 +85 

2637 +JB 
2542 +32 

2530 —85 

24*3 — wlO 

2475 —.15 

2437 —.04 

2433 —JM 


142 —80ft 

137ft -81ft 
142 —81 

144 —32 

144ft —82V 


5545 5552 —83 

5785 5785 —35 
5982 5970 —.12 

4030 6087 —.13 

6130 6135 —.15 

«e.en 6182 — .13 


6287 6273 —38 

6275 6285 —40 

6380 6387 —30 
4430 6495 —35 

6730 6685 +.10 

6697 67.15 
6735 67.15 +.15 

6650 


4872 4U2 —35 

4675 4682 —35 

4285 4287 — .13 

4437 4447 —M 

4545 4547 —.13 

4337 4X40 +83 

4580 4580 —.10 

45.90 4680 —.15 

4580 


5477 5477 -J3 

5437 5445 -^BS 

6580 6572 +82 

6580 6580 +85 

6680 6630 +80 

6675 6685 +80 

6580 +1.10 


COFFEE CfNTCSCE) 

J7JW ins.- cents per lb. 

14940 17180 JUI 13440 13880 13380 

15030 12780 Sap 13680 13680 I34S7 

15040 12935 Dec 13880 13820 13490 

14975 12830 Mar 138.90 138.90 13785 

14880 13180 May 13880 13880 13830 

14780 13275 SCP 

13880 13880 Dec 

£ fit. Sales Prev. Sales 1370 

Prev. Dav Ooen Int. 11899 oH 1D4 
SUGAR WORLD 11 [NY CSCE) 

1T2800 lbs.- cent* per lb. 

975 284 Sen 3.15 339 388 

98S 274 Oct 331 340 321 

775 380 JOA 380 380 340 

9J3 134 Mar 321 194 375 

7.15 358 MOT 375 410 385 

689 379 Jul 422 421 4.12 

670 424 Sep 

456 482 Oct 436 488 436 

Est. Safes Prev. Soles T2.T71 

Prev. Day Open Int. 03.131 up 814 
COCOA (NYCSCEl 
10 metric tons- S ear ten 

2415 1963 Sep 2105 9105 2021 

2337 1945 Dec 2140 2140 2094 

9190 1955 Mar 2160 2160 2115 

9171 1960 MOV 2171 2171 2171 

2330 am sop 

2210 2055 Dec 

Est. Sales prev. sales 2.152 

Prev. Dav Open Int. 21828 019123 
ORANGE JUICE (NYCE) 

15800 lbs.- cents per lb. 

18485 13680 Jul 14080 14080 13975 13875 

IS2JXI 13280 Sen 13585 13680 13410 13429 

18180 13185 Nov 13380 13380 13180 13180 

l®» 12980 Jan 13075 13175 13080 13085 

17780 12980 Mar 13080 13080 12980 12975 

16280 13180 May RfcM 

15780 14279 Jul 17980 

10080 179.75 SCP 12980 

Nov 12980 

Eel. Sales 250 Prev. Sales 2S5 
Prev. Dav Open Int. 5J14 up 55 


Metals 


388 386 

321 3J8 

380 385 

375 389 

385 486 

412 424 

425 
436 443 


2021 2066 
2094 2097 

21 T5 2115 
2171 713! 

2156 
2166 


Tables Include me nationwide prices 
up to tt» doting on Walt Street 
and do not reflect lerte trades elsewhere. 

I'w The Associated Ptess 


Sfa 

14 FtMEI 



19 

as 

7 4ft 

24ft 

w-s— 

10-t 

7ft FrttOm 

JBB 38 

17 

6 

8ft 

r-.-. 







127 

12 





22 

.9 

21 

13 

25 

74ft 

25 + ft 

15>, 





506 

15% 

15"* 


7ft 

4<s PttAwl 

171 

£7 


37 

6% 

6% 

Sft— ft 

12ft 

5% FUfVIIS 



72 

Si 

W’» 

10ft 

10% 


Industrials 


LUMBER (CMEJ 

130800 bd. ft- Sper 1800 bd. H. 

19780 13580 Sep 14570 14680 14480 U580 

1 06.10 13788 Nov 14680 14780 1*580 14670 

10780 14460 Jan 1S380 15431 152.90 15430 

19580 15080 Mar 19980 16020 15030 15970 

17440 ISMS MOV 16X00 16380 16380 16580 

10380 17180 Jul 17400 

17400 174JM Sep 17380 17580 17580 177.90 

Est. Sates 1742 Prev. Sales 2.731 
Prev. Dav Open Int. £639 off 37 

COTTON 2 < NYCE) 
stuioa Ibtte cents Perth. 

7780 6082 Oct 61.10 61.10 6085 6077 

7X00 6048 Dec 6188 6188 6080 61.15 

7675 6140 Mar 6185 6185 6185 6170 

7080 6185 MOV 6175 6170 6180 6140 

7085 61.12 Jul 61-25 6125 6UK) 6123 

*580 5490 Oct 57.10 S72P 5490 5490 

5925 5597 Dec 5425 5425 5590 5480 

EsL Salas 2800 Prev. Sates 1410 
Prev. Day Open Int. 17839 up 183 

HEATING OILftfYME) 

42800 gal- oerm per bo i 

M 6485 Aug 6940 6940 6460 aBJS 

7645 6490 Sep 71180 70B« SOT *925 

77.10 6785 Oct 7X45 7045 6981 6985 

7485 6450 Nov 7490 7095 7085 7085 

7425 69.15 Dec 7175 7175 7120 7125 

7690 6980 Jan 7280 7225 7180 7180 

7X90 7080 Feb 7180 7180 7180 7120 

7380 6980 MW 6080 6080 6080 6080 

Est- Sates Prev. Sales 4977 

Prev. Dav Open Int. 21720 up *36 

CRUDE OIL(NYME) 

1800 bbL- daNars per bbL 

2987 2425 Auo 2784 2784 2746 3780 

2980 2480 Sea 2674 2670 2680 2671 

2990 2485 Oct 2597 2410 25.93 2681 

2980 2440 NOV 2587 2589 2584 2599 

2980 2390 Dec 2S8B 25.40 2572 2597 

2990 14X0 Jan 2580 25.10 2496 2585 

2946 2425 Feb 2475 2475 7465 2485 

2945 2413 Mar 24X7 2440 24X3 7440 

2945 ZL93 APT 2415 2415 2480 3480 

2796 2385 MOV 2X90 2X95 2390 2395 

2670 2370 Jun 2380 2380 2370 2370 

Est. Sates Prev. Sales 14932 

Prev. Dav Open Inl. 60.131 off 1810 


100ft 100 
6hi 6ft 
2ft 2ft 
Oft Oft 

\ ,2 ft 
23ft 23 
14ft 14 

6ft 6ft 
13ft 12ft 
6ft 6ft 
41 39ft 
6ft Aft 
Aft 5ft 
Oft 0), 
6ft ftft 
15 14ft 
14 t 13ft 
3ft 9ft 

4 VC. Aft 
59ft S9ft 
7ft 7ft 
12 ft 12ft 
5ft Sft 
2ft 2 
5ft 5ft 
3W 3 
12ft 12ft 
Oft Oft 
I 1 
lft lft 
3ft 3ft 
6% Oft 
5ft 4V, 
9V, 9ft 
9 9 

21 21 
7ft 7ft 
lift lift 
1 ft lft 

,2 ft ,2 £ 

3ft 3ft 
14ft 14ft 


100 - 
6ft 

2ft— ft 
8ft + ft 

13 + ft 
H. + M, 

23ft— ft 

14 — ft 

Oft— ft 
13 + ft 

Oft + W 

39ft— lft 
Oft — ft 
5ft— ft 
■ft— ft 
6ft + ft 

15 — ft 
13ft — ft 
3 

4ft 

99ft 

7ft 

12» + Vi 
5ft — ft 

2 — ft 
5ft 

3 — ft 
Uft— ft 

Oft — ft 
1 — ft 
lft— ft 
3ft + ft 
Oft 

4ft— to 
*ft— ft 
9 
21 
7ft 

lift + ft 
lft + ft 

12 2=fc 

3ft— ft 
14ft + ft 


10ft 3'.-; Cucbgs 


166 ICft 1C: Wft + ft 


1 Bft 8% 
3 l/H 17*t 
A 7ft 7ft 
7 27ft Ml 
n 34ft Mft 
5 1ft lft 
30ft 37ft 
47ft 41ft 
30 30 

34ft 24ft 
9ft 9ft 
10ft 10ft 
13ft lift 
lift 8ft 
17 16ft 
2ft 2ft 
5ft Sft 
ft ft 
4ft 4 
lft lft 
16ft 16ft 
2ft 2ft 
15ft 1SV» 
38ft 38ft 
9 0ft 
2ft 2ft 
19 18ft 
4V, Aft 
14ft 14ft 
lift lift 
46 45ft 
46 45ft 
21ft 23 
61 61- 
17ft 17ft 
7ft 7ft 


tft + ft 

in>- ft 

7ft + ft 
2*1* — ft 
34ft 

1ft— V* 
37ft —lft 
41ft— 1 
30 

J4ft— ft 
9% + ft 
line— ft 
12ft + ft 
Oft— ft 
16ft— ft 
2ft — ft 
Sft + ft 
ft 

4 — ft 
lft 

16ft— ft 
2ft + ft 
15% + ft 
38ft- ft 
Sft 

2ft— ft 
18ft — ft 
4ft 
14% 

lift + ft 
45ft + !* 
45ft 

23ft + ft 
61 — ft 
17ft — ft 
7ft— ft 


23ft 23 
3 2ft 
T2ft 12ft 
10ft 10ft 
Oft Oft 
3ft 3ft 
26 25% 

7ft 716 
Oft 9 
3ft J'6 
3ft 3U 
Oft *1* 
8% 8ft 
32 31ft 
3ft Sft 
29ft 29ft 



Currency Options 


17% 12% Joclvrt . 80b 15 9 

7ft Sft Jacobs 

Sft 2% JetAm 8 

2 ft JetAvrf 

Oft Aft Jefron 911 88 17 

*U . 2ft JaltnPd 

lift 7ft JetmAm JO 18 M 

lift 4ft JOhnlnd 4 


80b 15 9 19 14ft M 14ft + ft 

43 Oft 6ft Oft + ft 

1 T 4 ft 4 *- tt 

911 88 17 46 9 Oft 04* 

22 Mfa 3% 3% 

JO 18 U 71 10 94* 9ft— ft 

4 65 Oft Oft Sft— ft 


ILADELPHIA EXCHANGE 
Itea A Strike 


Underlying Prtoe 


12800 BrlMt Pweds-ceats per wit. 
B Pound tos 35.® 3SJ0 


cam— Last Puts— Last 

Sep Dec Mar See Dec Mar 


no r 3080 

115 2X38 2680 r 085 085 r 

120 21.39 3QJ0 r £15 185 r 

125 1440 1598 1680 035 r US 

130 1020 11.70 r 1.05 X45 t 

135 6.60 000 SOhffl 245 580 r 

«S 385 *25 EJ0 445 t t 

145 280 4J5 640 r r r 


Financial 


135 6.60 880 SOhffl 245 540 

«S 385 *25 EJ0 445 t 

145 £00 4J5 680 r r 

34090 Canadian Doiian-ceats per owL 
CDollr 72 r r r 0.10 r 

73 100 140 155 r r 

74 040 r r 088 r 

75 035 042 r r r 

76 089 r s r r 

628M West German Mark+cenfs per nit. 

DMork 20 r r r r 088 

29 r 6.15 r r r 

a* r 480 r r r 

31 4-27 429 r r r 

32 285 343 r 0.11 T 

33 282 260 r 1» OiO 

3* 1-30 1.96 r 352 080 

35 081 181 US, 180 r 

36 044 185 140 154 r 

37 024 £75 r r s 

moio French Ftmo-IMb of a cent per onlt. 

FFronc 95 1980 r r r r 

100 1480 r r r r 

6JSU808 Japanese Yeo-lBOftis of a cent per unit. 

JYen 38 £93 r r r r 

39 3J6 r r. r r 

*0 7-17 r r 0.10 r 

« 12 MS r £20 r 

42 072 1J0 180 £62 8.99 

43 634 085 1.16 r 180 

46 £18 r r r r 

C280t Swiss FflnCMHMt per unH. 

5 Franc 36 r r r r £00 

37 £91 540 r r r 

08 489 481 r 087 001 

39 £19 r r 0.12 084 

40 245 308 385 083 r 

41 188 242 r 083 r 

42 1 JO 113 r 1JO r 

_ .. .43 £70 185 112 188 r 

Total call VOL 9829 Call open Int. 174J1 

Totol roT vrt.1841 Put ooen int. 111497 

r — Not traded s— No option offered, a— Old. 

Last Is premium (purchase price). 

Source; ap. 


US T. BILLS (IMM) 

SI mlllkm- ats at lOOpct. 

9383 86.94 Sop 9385 9X15 

9X07 85-77 Oec V2JB 9X82 

9XOT 8680 Mar 9X19 9X19 

nm S7J3T jun 9U4 ei.pt 

»2jn torn sea 9184 9184 

9181 8985 Dec 91 JO 91 J8 

91J9 8980 Mar 91.15 9L15 

Jim 9083 9093 
Est. Sales Prev. Sales 14833 
Prev. Dow Open Int. 36,153 upTJ 99 
18 YHL TREASURY CCBTJ 
n 00800 prlr»- Pis a 32nds of lOOpct 
re-21 75-18 S4P 86-28 8+29 

17-13 75-13 Dec 85-28 05-27 

86-2 75- 14 Mar 04-3 8+4 

85-7 74-30 Jun 

02-11 SOP 

83-11 00-19 Dec 

Est. Sales Prev. Sates 11604 

Prev. Dav Open Int. 51,708 off 034 
US TREASURY BONDS (CBT) 

(8 BcfI10£000-pfiA32nasofK»pcn 
79-12 57-10 Sep 77-27 70 

70-13 57-8 Dec 76-25 76-30 

77-29 57-2 Mar 73-3 75-28 

764 56-29 Jun 7+06 7+0* 

75-31 56-29 Sep 7306 73-29 

74-24 56-25 Dec 73-1 736 

7+15 5+27 Mar 7110 7110 

7+26 61-12 Jun 70-27 3VJ-27 

72-27 636 SAP 70-04 70-04 

72-18 62-24 Dec 

69-16 6+6 Mar 

Est. Sales Prev.Sates201M6 

Prev. Day Open Int 209.140 up 7256 
GNMA (CBT) 

sioaooo grin- pis A XOnds eflOO pd 

77-24 59-13 Sea 77-7 77-11 

7+28 »6 Oec 7+10 7+11 

7+8 58-2A Mar 75 7M 

7+17 50-25 Jun 733 75-5 

754 65 Sep 

Eoi. Sales Prev. Sales 274 

Prev. Dav Open Int. £910 Off 14 


9X78 9283 
9284 9285 
9X19 9X19 
9186 9186 
9184 9185 
9124 9128 

91.15 9185 
90.93 9083 


■M* 05-20 
0+19 0+19 
8341 83-21 
82-26 
82 
81-7 


7+17 7+18 
75-14 75-16 
7+15 7+17 
73-20 73-20 
72-34 72-25 
71-31 71-31 

71-7 71-7 

70-16 70-16 
69-27 69-27 


7+8 7+9 

75-12 75-14 
7+22 7+23 
7+8 7+8 

7318 


SP COMP. INDEX (CME1 
points and cents 

19880 160.00 Sep 19A7S 19785 

20025 17520 Dee 199.90 20025 

20325 190.10 Mar 20280 20X00 

20680 20000 Jun 

Est. Sales 50339 Prev. Sates 62217 
Prev. Day Open Int. <6890 up 1,155 
VALUE LINE(KCBT) 
paints and cents 

21X20 10525 Sen 211.95 21220 

21785 20080 Dec 21520 215-95 

Est. Sates Prev, Sales 6843 

Prev. Day Open inl, 1X171 up 370 
N> SE COMP. INDEX (HYPE) 
paints and cents 

11885 9125 Sep 11420 11420 

11720 10120 Dec 11685 11625 

11825 I09J0 Mar 11125 11X40 

12080 11680 Jun 

Est. Sales 9229 Prev. Sates 1X118 
Prev. Dav Open Int. 1X281 up 394 


196.10 1968S 
19980 19925 

mb 20280 

20580 


21020 01180 
21420 21X45 


114.10 11485 
11680 11633 
11725 11X15 
12080 


Commodity Indexes 


Close 

Moody's 91420 f 

Reuters 1873^0 

DJ. Futures 117X6 

Com. Research Bureau. 22420 
Moodys : base 100 : Dec 31, 1931. 
p - preliminary; f - final 
Reuters : base 100 : Sep. 11,1931. 
Dow Janes : base 100 : Dec 31, 1974 


Market Guide 


Previous 

915301 

1.67750 

11734 

22580 








Commoclhies 


CwnnwJjities 


HOffG-KOHG GOLD FUTURES 
u AS per ounce 

Close Previous 
Htetl Low Bid Ask Bid *6 
Jlv_ N.T. N.T. 32X00 32480 31980 321 80 
Aug _ N.T. N.T. 32X00 32580 32080 32280 
52 — JJ-L J!- T - ““ 32780 32280 324» 
Oct _ moa 33880 32780 32980 HAW 32680 
Dec _ N.T. N.T. 33180 Ttl ltd ™nn -no on 
Feb _ 33680 33600 33580 33780 33280 33480 
An! _ N.T. N.T. 33980 34T80 33680 33880 
Jun _ N.T. N.T. 34480 346JH 34180 34380 
Valunie; 23 lets of 100 ax 
SINGAPORE GOLD FUTURES 
uis per ounce 


Cash Prices 


Dividends 


44ft 
3ft 
15ft 
31ft 
3ft 
lft 

1316 13 13ft 
6ft 6% Aft 
2ft 2ft 2ft 
15ft 15 15ft 
» 28ft 29 
28ft 28V, 28ft 
19% 1«ft 19ft 
Bft Sft Oft 
3Sft 35ft 35ft 
33 32ft 32ft 
38ft 30ft 
39 39 39 

9ft Oft 9ft 
40ft 40ft 40ft 
14ft 14ft 14ft 
Sft Sft 5ft 
9ft 9% 9A 
BU Bft 8% 
21ft 
Oft 
916 
Aft 
7ft 
16ft 
816 
14ft 
25ft 
Sft 
Aft 
*ft 
19ft 
15% 

19% 

23ft 
ft 

IS 

9V, 


39ft 30ft 
4ft lft 
12ft 10ft 
24 14ft 
23ft 10V, 
Oft 5% 
17ft 8 
Bft 4ft 
2ft lft 
4ft 2ft 
4ft 3ft 
5V. Sft 
Sft 2ft 
5% Sft 
3ft 2 
15ft Oft 
16ft 1016 
30ft 21 


KnGsuf 4JD 118 
KapofcC 6 

KnvJ n .ifle 8 
Komrin 80a 36 10 
Krtchm JB X9 41 
KevCe job X4 
KevPh 20 12 19 
KevCa 7 

KevCawt 
Klddewt 

Klitm 33 


KogerC X32 7.9 08 


60s 38ft 38 
72 61% 4 

176 1216 lift 
12 27ft 22 

150 20 I8ft 

12 0 8ft 

2404 lift lift 
10 5ft 5ft 
5 lft lft 
30 Aft 4ft 
5 4 4 

21 Aft 4ft 
49 3ft 3 
3 Aft Aft 
25 2ft Sft 
58 15ft 15ft 

151 16ft 14 
n 29ft 29 


31 — 1 
Aft 

lift + ft 
22 — ft 
19ft + % 
Bft— ft 
11V, + ft 
5ft 
lft 
Aft 

4ft + " 
3ft + ft 
Aft 

2ft— U 
Bft 

16ft— ft 
29ft— Mi 


2 

1% 

lft L5B 




18 

lft 

lft 

1ft— ft 

|L 

3% 

Z% La Barg 




a 

2ft 

2ft 

2ft 

IA 

63% 

23ft Lakes e 

-15e 



58 

63ft 

6216 

62ft + 16 

*6 

is, 

15ft 

11% LndBnn 

80 

*J 

8 

26 

14 

13% 

13ft— % 


14% 

9ft Laser 



44 

23 

11% 

lift 

11% + 16 


13 

8% Laurnn 



22 

16 

9% 

V% 

9% + ft 


6% 

4ft LOZKap 




2 

4ft 

4ft 

4ft 

34, 

27% 

21ft Lear PR 

100 138 


12 

33% 

22% 

22% 


9% 

3ft LecPh 



IS 

439 

7% 

6% 

7ft + ft 


31% 

13 Lehigh s 

■1M 

J 

10 

A 

29% 2916 

29% — ft 

6% 

3% LetewrT 



8 

24 

5% 

5% 

su 

• 

Bft 

5 Levitt 



9 

6 

6% 

6% 

6%— ft 

14L 

79 

7ft LbtFPtl 

80 

12 

18 

.85 

27ft 

27 

27ft + ft 


3M 

1% UfeRet 




19 

1% 

1% 

1% 

_ 

. s% 

2ft UtHd 




3 

2% 

2% 

3% 

V. 

3ft 

1% Lodge 




16 

2 

1% 

2 + ft 


39% 

24ft Lorbnr 



19 

710 

37% 

37% 

37% + 16 


T6» 

•ft Lumen 

J8 

J 

30 

19 

15% 

15% 

15% + 16 

14ft 

6ft LundVE 



IB 

149 

13% 

13% 

13ft + ft 

+ 

16 

9ft Lurta 



10 

62 

11% 

lift 

lift— 16 

■V- 

14% 

10 Lvdal 



5 

45 

13% 

1376 

13ft— ft 


26ft 

10% LynCSs 



10 

740 

16 

14% 

15 — % 


182 OJ 
186 1X0 
188 02 
1.10 08 
422 88 
1.45 Idi, 
1X00 118 
£20 10.1 
221 I0J 
788 108 
£96 106 


-0B 1 1 25 42 

84 43 4 72 

lOJOelXI 12 2 

22 269 

285 11.1 
68 34 



S' 


T 

lull 

1. 

« 

X 


It 

AS 

ij 

Ae 

5: 

At 

52 

Be 

51 

Be 

47 

Be 

M 

Hr 

22 

BU 

*7 

Bu 

Co 

Co 

74 
14 
J2 

75 

Du 

77 

Ed 

44 

Fh 

13 

Fn 

JO 

Ge 

24 

He 

4T 

its 

a 

La 

13 

Lb 

La 

Ma 

as 

18' 

7+ 

34: 

MU 

30 ; 

Ms 

JJ 

Mu 

IP 

Hit 

56 

Oil 

8i 

Pa. 

11 

Pn 

Re 

UP 

171 

351 

35 

97 

sto 

31 

Sir 

27' 

vet 44f 

Vie 

S7 

wo 

3lv 

Zur ■‘S' 

il. 

731 


IxMidcHi Vldiik 


High Low 

Aug 324.10 32360 

Sep N.T. N.T. 

Od N.T. N.T. 

Dec N.T. N.T. 

volume: 108 lots otlOO ox 
KUALA LUMPUR RUBBER 
Malaysian cents per kite 
dose 

Bid Ask 

Aug 19050 19400 

5ep - HUSH 19280 

Oct 191 JO 19380 

Nov 19150 10580 

Dec 19X50 19650 

Volume: 0 lots. 
SINGAPORE RUBBER 
Slaeaeare cents per kilo 
Close 

BU Ask 
RSS1 Aug_ 17X35 17X75 
RSS l Sep— 14980 17080 

RSS2AU0- 16480 16150 
RSSSAua— 16X50 16X51 
RSS 4 Aug_ 15X50 16050 

R55 5AU0- 153-50 15580 

KUALA LUMPUR PALM OIL 
Ma Ionian rlegolts par 25 tarn 
Oose 

BU Ask 

Aua 970 1810 

See «a» 9W 

Od 940 9*0 

Nov 930 970 

On — 920 960 

Jan 910 9jo 

Mar 910 950 

Mav 900 940 

Jlv no 930 

Volume: 0 lots of 25 fans. 
Source: Reuters. 


Settle Settle 
22360 32X00 

T7$ra mm 
32780 32560 

33180 32960 


Preview 
BM Ask 
19380 19480 

191-50 193-00 
19150 19480 

19480 19600 

19650 19780 


BM Ask 
17580 17AJB 
17180 T728D 

16680 IS 780 
16480 165J10 

16080 16280 
15500 15780 


Previous 
BM AIK 

960 1810 

940 m 

940 980 

930 970 

920 940 

SH8 m 

910 950 

900 940 

BOO 990 



S&P 

FtTT^BI 

Inc 

Jex( 

Jptions 


»•» WW8R | PuteUd 

Pria Jhr 8ea See oa lift Me 5*p Oct 


- I/W 1716 ft 
ITU ITU ft ft 


Ixmdon 

Commodities 


jufyia 

Cleee Pr ey tea s 

sugar”* 0 * 1 ■“ *** ■« Ask 
Stedtee per awtrlc fan 
Aug 94J0 9X40 9480 9460 9X00 9X60 

oa 9980 9640 9860 9X60 9560 9600 

Dee 10X00 9968 10060 10080 9860 9988 

Mar in jo imss iwm 10980 is?.* 10760 

MOV 11660 11160 11388 11X60 11180 111-40 

Aug 11780 11660 1160Q 11780 11480 11580 

Od 12X00 12080 12180 12160 I1UD 11860 

volume: 1707 lots of 50 tong. 

COCOA 

SteiUns per metric ten 
itr 1.752 IJU 1.702 1JW 1206 1710 

Sw 1886 I8ffl 1663 1864 1876 1878 

pec 1875 1856 1861 1862 1867 1868 

Mot- 1884 1869 1871 1873 1876 18ft 

MOV 1895 1883 1885 1887 1887 1889 

JIV 1709 1899 18W 1704 1JB5 1706 

S4» 1711 1710 1709 1719 1714 1718 

Volume: £016 lots of 10 ions. 

COFFEE 

sierttog per metric km 
Jlv 1893 1840 1844 1846 18BS 1J9I 

see 1837 1830 1876 1877 1838 1832 

NO* 18ffl 1815 1810 1818 1872 1874 

Jw 1723 1855 1850 I860 1715 1716 

MET !■££ ]•*£ iJ™ >7*s 

May 17U 1738 173B 1740 1770 1780 

Jlv 1805 1805 1750 1706 1770 1820 

volume: 4,907 tola of 5 Ions. 

Gasoil 

U-S. donor* per metric fan 
Auo 21925 21875 21 £75 21970 21775 21880 
S6P 71100 21658 21750 21775 31680 21675 
Oct 21975 21X50 21875 21980 210JH 21125 
NOV 22) JO mn 22025 22180 21950 31975 
D«C 22X75 22X00 7TTK 22275 22175 22280 
Jan N.T. N.T. 221.75 TO SB mnn 22 58 0 
Fab H.T. N.T, 22180 22480 2158S 22580 
Mgr N.T. N.T. 21080 22020 20980 22080 
AM N.T. N.T. 20800 21880 2QSJD 22000 
Volume: 681 tot* of 100 Ians. 

Oacrats; (tauten and London Petroleum Ex- 
cnamfgosoUi. 


July IB 

Prey 


1ft DWG .13t 67 5 
20ft DoteEn J2 1J 8 
-5V, DamnC 
12ft DamEA 200 148 
lift DamEB'TJO 17.9 
5% Damson 7 

17ft Damsel 220 1X1 
19ft Damopf 375 1BO 
TOft Data Pd .16 L3 10 
3ft Datarm 
3ft DeRase 

25ft Del Lab St 15 ID 
11% DelVol 188 109 9 
2U Doimed 

4ft Osantm 231 52 12 
7ft Desun l 72MX1 10 


- - 72MX1 10 

10ft Device 24 

5ft Olag A 38 

5% Dlag B 36 

Sft DJaBttl 20 7 27 

1% Dtelcon 

25%-DIUnje 20 J 18 
3U Diodes 7 

a Ob- Act n 12 

6ft Dixleo .10a 1J> 10 
lft DomeP 
ft DmePwt 
11 Domtrs 
6?% Downey 6 

23ft Oram 80 £9 II 
ft Dunlap 

lift Duplex 3 86 28 12 
13 DurTel 800 25 16 
9%.Dvnld 770 17 12 

1BV* Dvneer 80 18 IX 


X6 
10-1 
8-30 7-30 
89 
£6 
7-30 

7- 31 

8- 30 
830 
7-29 

9-5 


72 2 

13 34% 
1 7ft 

102 14 
161 13ft 
90 3% 

3 19ft 
55 20ft 
834 12ft 
23 4ft 
20 31b 

1 34ft 
9 15ft 

133 2ft 

2 4ft 
ir 7ft 

6 14% 
252 9ft 

14 Bft 
JT7 20ft 

U 2 

73 72 

15 3ft 

26 716 

27? 10ft 
462 3ft 
123 

446 16ft 
127 37% 

■* 

19 19% 

16 16ft 
212 14ft 

7 23% 


1ft lft— ft 
24% 24% 

7%r 7ft— ft 
13% 13ft— ft 
12ft 12ft— >6 
3ft 3%— ft 
IV 19ft— ft 
20 20 —16 
17% 12% + ft 
4ft 4ft + ft 
3ft 3ft— ft 
34ft 34ft— ft 
15% 15ft 
2ft Sft * 
4ft 4ft— ft 
7ft 7ft— ft 
14ft 14% 

1% B% — ft 
BU 816 — ft 
27ft 27ft 
lft lft 
70% 70% —lft 
3ft 3ft 
7ft 716 + ft 
TOft 1016 + ft 
2ft 3ft 
ft ft 
16ft 16ft— ft 
27 27 -ft 

26ft 27ft + ft 
% % 

18ft 18ft— ft 
14 16ft 
14ft 14ft— ft 
23% 23% — ft 


DM Futures 
Options 

W. Germ, Mar* 12100 marks, a* fitr mart 


July IB 

S3? . p *p'S*™* 

™ see Dec Mar Sep Dec Ma- 

B 1.97 258 385 (3l £U — 

34 1JS 195 140 £49 £J? j jj 

8J1 18J £9) 182 li| 


7ft 7ft 
13ft 13ft 
5% 5ft 
6 5ft 
3ft 2% 
20ft 20ft 
12ft 12ft 
1% Ufa 
24ft 34ft 
4ft 4ft 
<ft 6ft 
12ft 12% 
Sft 5ft 
ft ft 
BV» Sft 
ft ft 
13 12ft 
3ft 3% 
1Z 10ft 
22% 22 
2 2 
35V. 35 
30% 30% 
3M 8% 
Oft Sft 
7ft 7% 


7ft 

13% 

5ft— ft 

3ft + ft 

20ft + ft 
ITU — ft 
Ufa— ft 
24% 

4ft 

4ft 

12% + ft 
Sft— ft 
% 

8ft 

ft 

13 

3ft 

11 — ft 
22ft + ft 
2 + ft 

35% + ft 
30% — ft 
8% + % 
0 ft + ft 
7ft- ft 


4’6 

1% UNA 


















BJ* urtmte 



10 

1M 



12ft + P 


fit* KnJcn wi 








1WI* 

lift Unlcppt 

95 

4.9 






B% Unimrif 

.91 e 9.1 


111 



18 — ft 


15ft UAIrPd 

J«b 28 

12 






1% UFoodA 

.10 

52 


16 

1% 

1% 

» + ■ - 











10% utMed 







MS* 


10ft USAGwl 








5'a umteiv 
















H» + <* 











1M* UnlvRu 








9*ii UnvPat 




33 

12% 

13% 

I73r+ % 


24ft 14(6 
27ft 15ft 
12 4 

ftft 4ft 
27% 10*5 
7ft Sft 
7ft ,3% 
8 5 

7ft 5ft 
2ft 1 
25% 15% 
lift Aft 
lift 7% 


OEA 13 

Oakwd JBb 8 13 
OdetAn 31 

Odets S 48 

Olsten s 24 .0 22 

OOfclep 

Oponhn 85e 8 60 
OrttHH A .15 £0147 
OrtotHB 20 39171 
Ormond 

OSutens 82 15 15 
OxfrdF J82t £7 13 
OmrtcH 20 1.9 10 


22 2? 

41 T9ft 
12 6ft 
1 9ft 
134 26% 
3 4% 

3 6 
3 5 
9 Sft 
5 1% 

39 32ft 
400 14% 
pe wft 


14% + % 

iis + ft 

20 V, — ft 

16ft 

20 +% 
46% — ft 
5 

13 + M 

14ft— ft 
17 — ft 
4V2 
12 

2%- ft 
lift + ft 
15% 

34%- ft 
3 + ft 

*%— ft 
9% + ft 


21ft 22 + % 
19ft 19ft + ft 
6ft 616— ft 
9ft 9ft — ft 
26 24 — ft 

4% 4% + ft 
A 6 

5 5 

5ft 5% 

1% 1% + ft 

22ft 22% + ft 
14ft 14ft + ft 
10 % 10 % 


101*3 

9% VST n 

J0e £0 


154 

l«ft 

M . 

« —ft 

18% 

11% VgllyRS 180 

7J 

11 

4 

18 

11 

18 +% 

37% 

17% Voters 

84 

18 

1* 

61 

27% 

27% 

27% 

71b 

2% Veen 


1+ 

-6% 

+* 

fifa 

23% 

15% VtAmC 

J0b 22 

9 

23 

16ft 

10ft 

18% -l* 

6ft 

3% VIRsh 




26 

5ft 

4% 

4 + S 

14% 

9ft Vomit 

20 

XO 

11 

6 

Wft 

10 

i°% + 5 

6ft 

2% Veftule 




4 

4% 

4% 


10% 

4% Viaiech 




2 

8% 

8% 

♦ 

SfTt Vlcon 



10 

J6 

7% 

6% 


44% 

53ft Valnll 




1 

64 

64 

64 — * 

9% 

6ft VIsucriG 

20 

38 

10 

6 

Bft 

8V 

8ft - 

121b 

B Voptes 

J6 

£4 

12 

11 

ion 

HHV » 

19% 

Wft VulcCn 

JO 

48 

10 

1 

m 

18 

IS — * 


80 

2J 

IXOa 

1 £9 

JO 

58 

JO 

2J 

AM 

49 

400 

144 

JO 

TJ 

lJ8t 

SB 


«W BU Yield VMd 37 SS £ M J£ ? 

8 month 7.1* 7.14 7J9 7.J< " £10 — — — — — 

+nwnlh 727 7 25 745 781 estimated tetei 7545 

7J7 7J5 791 ,4s 

Source: SatoMagnHm Source: CME. 


3% 

16% 

Mk 
13 
Tft 
38% 
lft 
7 6% 

I0*V W 
13ft MVS 
20ft 
20 
tSft 
27>6 
7% 


11% 5% Yankee 






























































* 


iNTCRWATIONAjL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 

BUSINESSPEOPLE 


lltfe' INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 

- , -v • ’ — L — 


t” «C 

ti i< 

if: 4 K A>» 

: 1 3 If: 

■ r; s £ & 

; ?! ,w i> k ' 
* * *?«**.. 

) 

6 <: ■:* < * 

* t?: T4 .;•■! 5 ■ 

: : 'SRsk 

; 

i $k$% 

fS’SsK* 
A « ftte 

__ 

G 


HEAL ESTATE 
. FORSAIE 
SPAIN • 


(Continued From Back Page) 



SEAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


CSA RESIDENTIAL 


. SEAL ESTATE 
TO RENT/SHARE 


GREAT BRITAIN 


REAL ESTATE 
TO BENT/SHARE 


PAMS AREA UNFURNISHED 


ADCA COSTA BLANCA, frahad 


SWITZERLAND 

SWITZERLAND 

FAMOUS RESORT AREA 













M 



EMPLOYMENT 

SECRETARIAL 
POSITIONS AVAILABLE 

MBMMHNAL LAW RRM «ftn 
topwb™£reipotiBb*n*stoa>ieot- 
6 «e tegef seaway {Rued French, bv 
gfcty tor A* Mahiviw readers 
partner, Rkbb address resume £ co- 
re*- gocb to PmaiW Manager. 
P.O. Bw 3B0H. Cemret StaSon, 
Wabtodav DC ilQ38 USA. • 


DOMESTIC 

POSITIONS AVAILABLE 

CHS ft MAJOR-DOMO la cook for 
couple £tupetv*ecae d large reu- 
dence in Balder, CO Bvmnee re- 
quired re french eusne £ large d in- 

Graves reajrieJWWe P£). Bn 
854, Bodd«.CO 80306 USA. 

DOMESTIC 
POSITIONS WANTED 

ENGLISH NAMES A MOItW* 
Helps Ncsli Aamcy, 53 CWiW. 


Northwest Airlines Makes 
Executive Appointments 


AUTOMOBILES 


An 


NYC 60*. Off PAUL Luxury deco- 
rate junior one backoooi pied-o-terre. 
tftjh floor. Low moirtenonce. Priced 
to sol. Merlin OtovL Ucaosed RE. 
Broker 212-593-1248 Maroon Ms. 
boon. 


HOLLAND 


DUTCH HOUSMG CENTRE KV. 
Deltas roods. Yafenrassr. 174, 
Antonfan. 020421234 or 62332, 


m 





By Colin Chapman 

/ nientniionaJ Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Northwest Air- 
lines has made several senior ap- 
pointments to expand farther the 
airline’s share of international mar- 
kets. 

John F. Horn has been elected 
executive vice president, corporate 
planning and international He will 
have executives from -eight. major 
areas reporting directly to him, in- 
cluding Orient region, Atlantic re- 
gion, airlin e p lannin g, communica- 
tions and computer services, 
regulatory proceedings, pricing and 
scheduling. Mr. Horn has been vice 
president for the Orient region for 
four years. 

The airline named Allen W. 
Johnson Mr. Horn’s successor, 


moving him from London, where 
he had beat vice president, Atlan- 
tic region, for one year. His place in 
London will be taken by Roger D. 
Hauge, whose most recent job has 
been director, industry marketing 
and sales, at the company's Minne- 
apolis headquarters. 

Phffip Morris Inc. has named 
Robert A. Fitzmauricc managing 
director of its British subsidiary. 
Philip Morris Ltd., moving him 
from corporate headquarters in 
New York, where he was vice presi- 
dent in charge of the brand and 
promotion departmenL 

Tricentrol PLC has elected John 
Rnitt, managing director of its sub- 
sidiary, Tricentrol Oil Crap, to its 
board. Before joining the company 
in 1983, Mr. Rain had 15 years* 


experience with Conoco in South- 
east Asia, the United Stales, the 
Middle East and Britain. 

STC PLC has created a new 
business, STC Network Systems, tc 
design and install private voice- 
data networks for national and in- 
ternational organizations and has 
appointed Peter Gersbon to run it. 
Mr. Gershon was previous!} direc- 
tor of I CL U.K.’s central sales re- 
gion until 1CL was acquired by 
STC last year. The new business 
will absorb units from both compa- 
nies, with 450 joining from 1CL 
and more than 300 from STC. 

Hobart Crap., a unit of Dan & 
Kraft Inc., has appointed Enzo De 
Benedeui president of Hobart In- 
ternational’s European division, 
based in Offenburg. West Germa- 
ny. Mr. De Benedeui joins Hoban 
after holding several senior man- 
agement positions with interna- 
tional companies, most recently as 
vice president, operations and 
planning, for Internationa] Har- 
vester Co. in Europe. 


Page 17 

The Creation 
Ofa Culture 

l Continued from Page 1 1) 
substance that breaks up blood 
clots and could help heart- j: tack 
victims. 

But mammalian cell' are more 
expensive to use than bacteria or 
\easi. These cells, often taken from 
hamster ovanes. grow much more 
slowly than bacteria. And such 
cells. ’normal!} pan of a complex 
animal, are hard to keep alive in 
isolation. 

And while bacteria thn\ e on sug- 
ar and water, cells normally require 
.something as complex *i> blood, 
such as fetal scrum of cjKcs. Bio- 
Response caused a bit of a Mir 
when it moved to Hayward, ar. 
Oakland suburb, with ii> ov> n herd 
of cows, from which i! derived lym- 
phatic fluid to feed to iu cells. Sow 
the company generally uses an arti- 
ficial nutrient mixture. Dr. Daniel 
said. 





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} 




- 

Page 18 

INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBLNE, FRIDAY. JULY 19, 1985 

: - v 

r'ifc 




ACROSS 

I Longboats 

7 Hastens 

13 Barren 

14 Surpass on the 
track 

16 A Western 


18 Gas: Comb, 
form 

19 Get 

(become 

accustomed) 

26 Malaprop was 
one 

21 Certain nouns: 
Abbr. 

22 Franklin and 
others 

23 Cabbagelike 
plant 

24 Defunct 
alliance 

26 Roremor 
Buntline 

27 Quiz-show 
group 

28 Pre-eminent 

38 Guinness Book 
entries 

31 A condiment 

33 Builders 

36 Fail to take 
care of 

39 Greek contests 

49 Fed. agency 

41 Resinous wood 


4jPhooey! 

44 Vessel with 
masts 

46 Rochester-to- 

Buffalo dir. 

47 Set of tools 

48 Of a body part 

49 Commune on 
theTanaro 

50 Relatives of 
darners 

53 Onset 

54 Creamy 
desserts 

55 Scottish nobles 

56 Impresses 

DOWN 

1 Family of 
Addison's 
colleague 

2 Surveys 

lasciviously 

3 Church 
publication 

4 Lube 

5 11 (It’s 

raining): Fr. 

6 Like some 
employment 
7Didalawn job 

8 Links strokes 

9 Combining 
form in 
chemistry 

10 Stray 

1 1 Evil spirits 


12 Red-raced 

13 Cookies 
15 DeSoto 

contemporaries 
17 Eternal; 

infinite 
22Gannets 
23 Monopoly 
25 Siouan people " 
27 Column 

29 Wl units 

30 end 

(remnant) 

32 Trade routes 

33 F innish money 

34 Con 

35 Like the porter 
in “Macbeth” 

37 Flower of the 
primrose 
family 

38 Canopies over 
beds 

40 Swoons 

42 "The 

Family 

Robinson”: 

Wyss 

44 Stake 

45 Exclusive 
group 

48 Make 
senseless 

49 Eliot’s Bede 

51 Chinese 
pagoda 

52 High note 


© New York Times, edited, by Eugene Mtdeska. 

DENNIS THE MENACE 



PEANUTS 


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£ •— -t voubctvson r 


By Mark Devlin. 255 pages. SI 4.95. 
Atheneum, 597 Fifth Avenue. .Vest- York 
N. Y. 10017 ; 

Reviewed by John Gross 

W HEN Mark Devlin was admitted to iht 
Roslindale Detention Center near Bosior 
in 1956, be was locked in a room where it was 
pitch-black. He bqan screaming for his moth- 
er. When he heara a jingle of keys, he w» 
convinced she had come to collect him: in- 
stead, a face looked in through a *mali open- 
ing, warned him in obscene terms what would 
happen to him if he did not shut up. and told 
him (with an additional obscenity thrown in) 
that his mother wouldn't be seeing him again 
for a good long while. He was 7 years old. 

The odds had been stacked against him from 
the b eginning . His father, he reports, was an 
alcoholic who seldom returned home, and w ho 
beat and abused him when he did. His mother 
— a neglectful parent, according to a local 
agent of the Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children — had taken up with a 
man called Bill; she assured (he authorities 
that all five of her children, including Mark 
(the eldest l were very food of him. but if we 
take Mark s word for it he was “always drunk 
and mean." As Devlin writes. “I did not know 
whom 1 hated or feared more. Bill or my 
father.” 

With a start like this, it is not to be wondered 
at that early on he displayed a plentiful assort- 
ment of behavior problems. Having to teach or 
look after him was clearly no picnic, and it 
seems evident that be needed at least some 
outside care. What happened, however, is that 
under a Massachusetts statute dating from the 
17th century his mother filed a ^Stubborn 
Child’s complain l” Social workers and child 
psychologists concurred, and for the crime of 
stubbornness he found himself condemned to 
spend most of his childhood in a series of 
fearsome state institutions. 

His reception at Roslindale set the tone for a 
great deal of what was io follow. “Stubborn 
Child” is in large measure a chronicle — a 
fierce ami memorable chronicle — of cruelty, 
deprivation and indignity. Most of the teachers 
Mark Devlin encountered seem to have had * 
Utile if any interest in teaching, most of the 
guards seem to have been bullies; time were 
kicks, blows, savage insults and frequent re- 
course to solitary confinement under the most 
rigorous conditions. 

Whatever its nominal purpose, the system in 
which Devlin found himself immured might 
have been designed to destroy any sense die 

Solution to Previous Puzzle 


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□urns □□acaann 
□Casa □□□an □□□ 
□D0EC3 nan □□□ran 
odd annas aaaaa 
noanaaa □□ □□ 
□□□an □□□ aaa 
aaa anaaaana 
□onnamoaa aaaaa 
□□□□ aana aaaan 
iiege aaaa aaasa 


;r.r.utc.^ ^lul hac of tfcsu wssth. Aa& 

>Lin!lv Hj'c ii' remmJ ourselves thai 
inm.-.tir. were yctssg hoys. that we are-^ 
reading jN'ui vonx: noionous hngerslocfrfc 
Tnc except:^ to the prevailing harifexfc. 
stand out all the more brightly. Is jQrtk$£ 
Dev ’;n had the sood f-Ttanc lo come £oa*|’ 
music teacher wno taught hinuheciariatfi^ 
generally widened his horizons. (There is tSkt ■ 
aecoBB: of hearing about Richard Strastft j 
"Till tulenspicse!" for the first tune, and -1 
tifvmg with the hero of that wane, who |g|g- 
hariged for what arc nothing worse fi3p 
pranks, i An an* and crafts teacher gave fa®. , 
encouragement, loo. and so did a boxin$jft r 
siructor — before illness intervened, he sfc£'- 
far as the semifinals of the Golden Gka$t 
.And. chiefly by reading Pern' Mason “lUHif*- 
have to sun somewhere — he dctetopedV'i 
feeling for words. T'. -.’ 

If his gifts did not carry him further, muehef ; 
the fault seems to lie in his troubled retobo^: - 
ship with his mother. She rarely suited hun err 
wrote io him; die was capable of sending him j~ 
letter at Christmas listing the presents shehajf 
bought for his brothers and sisters, and iboj*. 
addin" that she vis sorry she didn't bi? 
enough money left to gel anything for hist- = 
Whenever he came home on parole, his ififfL * 
cullies there soon led tu his being sent badr 
into detention. ' 

Still, institutions are meant to be streamer 
than individuals, and it is the system of jaw*: 
oilc care {or an important aspect of it) that 
stands arraigned in Devlin's account ratter 
than the inadequacies of a woman beset by- 
problems that might have proved too much fat 
most of us. His indictment of the system is a 
powerful one. and makes disturbing* reading. , 
True, two of the institution* to which he was 
consigned — and others like them —have been ' 
closed; the category of “Stubborn Child” was . 
abolished in Massachusetts in 1974; new provj- ■ . . 
sions have been made in the state for therapy, 
counseling and foster care. But it would take "• 
an uncommon degree of optimism to assmne 
that the evils be describes have disappeared, or , 
that comparable abuses do not exist elsewhere. 

Devlin landed in a federal reformatory in . 
Virginia, convicted of transporting a stolen car. 
across state lines. When he was released, he r 
was 25. In the years that followed be managed 
to stay out of jail — only just; he records m, : 
painful detail the petty crimes and scams by 
which he kept going. He also paints an unspar- ■ 
ing picture of his disheveled private life, his~ 
grandiose ambitions (now- he was going to be*' 
movie star, now a famous lawyer), his desceai 
into alcoholism. Yet somehow he found the" 
strength (encouraged by a Boston journalist ' 
named Marl Zanger)'to write “Stubborn - 
Child.” under circumstances that make it aft. 
the more noteworthy an achievement. 

John Cross is on the staff of The New Yak 
Times. 

House Where Goya Was Born 
Is Opened Again Alter Repairs ■: 

U ruled Press InirmaUonai 

FUENDETODOS, Spain — - The austere 
farmhouse where the painter Goya was bom is 
1746 has been reopened to the public after 
extensively repairs to keep it from collapsing. 

The three-story stone house, dosed two 
years ago when its walls began to cave in. has 
furniture and ceramics dating from the 18th 
century. Officials said a Goya museum dis- 
playing engravings by the artist would be^ 
opened in the village next year. 


By Alan Tmscott 

O N the diagramed deal. 
South landed in five 
hearts doubled after a compet- 
itive auction and had an easy 
road to 11 tricks when West 
led the spade ace. He ruffed, 
drew trumps ending in dum- 
my, and earned two spade win- 
ners throwing diamonds. 
When South then ruffed the 
last spade and led the diamond 
king he was safe: the defenders 
would be endplaycd sooner or 
later, and as it happened, it 
was sooner. 

It might seem that South 
could have been defeated, but 


BRIDGE 


as he realized afterward the 
contract was impregnable. 

If West led a dub for East to 
ruff, the diamond king would 
later provide a club discard 
and there would be 11 tricks. If 
West made the best lead of a 
trump. South would win in the 
dummy and lead a diamond. 
East would rise with the ace 
and lead a second trump. The 
diamond king would again fur- 
nish a dub discard andlhe last 
diamond would be ruffed. 

Then a dub lead to the jack 
would force West to give away 
a trick, and West's remaining 
honor would be ruffed out 


NORTH 
AKQ94 
O K q 972 
V N 

*•43 

WEST(D) ........ EAST 

©97Z eAQJSSI 

* K Q 8 5 2 * — 

SOUTH 

♦ — 

OA19C5I 

OKS* 

* A J 10 9 7 

East and Wen were wfariM i 


The hbVfing: 
Were North 

East 

-are* 

Pm Pus 

t* 

.2 9. 

30 

4C 

4* 

5* 

ou. 

59 

DHL 

P*# 

Pass Pass 


' 


d 

si, 


































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


Page 19 



SPORTS 


sSsas 

j*ifcr!2iw .■>, cla *inei«- 


il’s Cruz Has Sped Far, 

£§ From Slum to Track’s Summit 


ro Hut 

"= anihno 0 ^ *1 


to running, it niarfp him more cultivated [ h fln ever. 
Two months later, in Rio de Janeiro, he ran a 1:443 in 
the SOO, setting a world junior record. 

“It toot a long time toget to that point," deCHivrira 
said. “But once Joaquim got there, we knew it was 


By Sam McManis 

LasAngeles Times Service 

Joaquim Cnee’s long, sinewy 
which carried him but of a Brazilian slum and ton 

■ t-i — «-i tav toe ^ V 1 Olyn^ic 800-meter race last sum- 

:■ “ v ' z iy. jhier, were being pounded and manipulated by a them- tin* to move on. 

' ^:er\ cn6 j the way one would tenderize a steak. The move they had in mind was to the United 

s ln; C,.,] de - P * &s * The daily condition of Joaquim Cruz’s legs is vitally States. Where in the United States, they were not sure. 
r ‘’ CfP *- Kt ' so every precaution is taken , His Ions, But Brazilian, middle-distance runner Agberto Gui- 

' and stre^ib maraes was attending Brigham Young Umwaslyand 
the world's 
man who could potential- 


“ u : . r ‘ " j^junate the middle distances for years. 

" 5r,? TifA ) ’•iaw?* On Jrfy 10, in his first European race of 1985, he 
• , .( wn Jj“ ^ j-oo the 800-tneter event at an international track and 

: =« r^oii .t^dd meet in Lausanne. Switzerland, heating West 
M.icri '-/^krtnany’s Peter Braun by 32 hundredths of a second 
.. " : v *hc a .jlT” “'Ui atiineof I minute 45.41 seconds. That was not close 

; y r-’ jovlw f. the weald record held since 1981 by Sebastian Coe 

V?‘. n * r-jT-.-ic hT Britain, but, at just 22 and three years removed 

‘ l: • . k— ‘ ■ 0,1 % mm his native Brazil. Cruz already has accotrmlisfied 


r '7 l:l to be 
in.- 


=trc. 


tadnore than many world-class runners have in their 
areas... . 

- • ■ ■ ,-gr b the last year, his progress has been startling. In 

*3*" J®Mw spring of 1984. he won both the 800- and 1,500- 
-t. •. A . 1, new: races at the NCAA meet. Then, in the Olympics, 
i - s - :s * v .. v.,,^ > beat an exceptionally strong 800-meter field in 
s::; r r-.u-j ,, \ bjlympic-recotd time. 

'• ‘ -.'.n-ri/ . His domination continued on the European circuit 
J BJate last summer when he ran the 800 under 1 nrimite 

- 13 seconds three times, turning in a blistering 1:41.77 

■ ':i.c _h te »*n Cologne That time was just .04 of a second off 
*'"• - 1 -S: „r..-, ra ( roe's world record. 

••■it ■ ; u. ■. nud ns it was after his amazing string of victories in Europe 

ffsjJr -Jic • ■ hat people in his adopted home of Eugene and eise- 

■V;-r 5 . 7 ; 1 ■' There finally learned how to prop- __ 

evr.v 7: ^ t* -Jw pronounce his first name. In 
'■ - ; 1,1 10 aofciiL the' 



i . ... . 1 kaest at his distant*. 

— "r. T1Ua ^ The scary part, at least for mid- 
.r 1 ^ r ^^tdlfrtfstance ninners from Britain 
!■ 1 j.. y ;* t, ^^to Kenya, is that Luiz de Oliveira, 
Vi coach and confidante, be- 
7 . atieves that Cruz has not reached his 

r...",. And now that Cruz has 

7. ' B : > ^turned aside nearly every challenge 

...^ ' " 7 C 1 ^ t in dw 800, he is starting to concen- 

; 7 . . . , tnte more on longer distances. 

" U h any wonder, then, that Coe, 
.■ ia; a ^ 27 , walked np to fellow Briton 

Stews Ovet! after the Olympic 800 

^ and said: “Aren't we too old to be 

splaying with fire?” Later. Coe re- 
portedly told friends that he would 
“ — 'no longer run major 800s. “This is 

Mas Bun 001 { *? r he said “ rm bdn 8 

mugged by a teen-ager. 




I \<liisn \i*:-r Rt*paip Cruz, a junior at the University 
, 1 if Oregon, ismendy a baby in the 

' ' . ^jd erf big-time middle-distance 

(H j; «S ' ^ — TT . iXuSning, Am although the runner 
! ‘ : • ' • * - f-nfmay not be at his athletic peak, the 

r. • 1 ‘ ["->7-. JsmaD has matured considerably 





.US'- 


j-miD 

" .: "-r3. since leaving BraziL 
- -'xi k “Joaquim has become a differ- 
.j.rjheni, better person,” de Oliveira 

* ^ ;, - r said. 

This is more than just another 

• hr story about a fast and precocious 

athlete going for the g old. It is 
about on impressionable Brazilian 

from an impoverished environment 

and a young coach-father figure 
united by a common dream of a 
__ better life 

For all the trappings of track and 
:r- field success that have become an 
accepted part of Cruz's life — the 
recognition, the lucrative shoe con- 


arranged to have Cruz admitted to" the school De 
Oliveira sold his belongings and moved his wife and 
three children to Provo, Utah, to be with Cruz. 

Cruz's first few months in the United States were 
disastrous. It was not just the snow, which he bad 
never seen before, and the culture shock. A tendon 
problem in his right bed bad bothered him earlier that 
year and had followed him to the United States. 

So, when it was suggested that an orthopedic sur- 
geon, Sian James of Eugene, Oregon, examine the 
heel, Cruz and de Oliveira also examined Eugene. 
They liked the area, which is considered a runner's 
haven. Continuous rain was better than continuous 
snow, Cruz thought. 

Another factor, which has been played down, was 
ihal de Oliveira later would be offered sponsorship by 
Nike to coach Cruz and other athletes. Nike is based in 
Oregon. Even after moving (here, Cruz still was both- 
ered by the foot, so he imderwent surgery in Houston 
that summer. 

The recovery was very tough on me and Luiz,” 
Cruz said “la a got a lot of criticism hack home. 
When we left the country, a lot of people were saying 
(hat I wouldn’t be able to ran gpod times anymore if I 
. came to the U5, and that Fd get 
hurt. It kicked like they were rim. 

“On one side, it was very bad 
Because 1 wanted to prove I could 
run but 1 couldn't. But on the other 
side, it gave me time to rest my 
body.lt gave me time to study and 
learn the language.” 

It took many hours of studying 
for Cruz to speak, read and write 
English. He failed the University of 
Oregon's admission test three times 
before passing. 

Eventually, the doubts about re- 
covering £rcm liteheel tojrny began 
passing, too. With the aid of a spe- 
cial, built-up shoe, Cruz was able to 
stan training again. It wss slow and 
arduous, but it lifted his spirits. 

Then he was able to compete for 
the University of Oregon. In 1983, 
he won the NCAA 800 with a time 
of 1:4441, w hich was surprising to 
de Oliveira because Cruz’s training 
was not geared to the NCAA meet 
By the summer of 1983, at 20, Cruz 
was considered a world-class 800- 
meter runner but by no means a 
favorite. At the World Champion- 
ships in Helsinki, he fi™sh«f third 
in a race he said he should have 
won. Accustomed to taking the 
lead, hewent out too fast and faded 
in the stretch. 

“I was surprised!,’' Cruz said. “2 
thought 1 was going to win. A day 
before the race, 1 pictured myself 
winning 100 thrie& And I pictured 



'Other’ O’Connor 
Breaks British Open 
Records With a 64 





Eduardo Romero of 
Royal St. George's 


Tho Amanowd Pisa 

found himself very trapped near the fourth green at the 
Club. He shot 74 for the opening round of the British Open. 


By Martin Ladcr 

i'ruicd Pms huernciiorutl 

SANDWICH, England - One 
of the great names of Irish golf 
returned to the British Open on 
Thursday. like a ghost looking to 
put to rest a mission started" 30 
years a ftp. 

Starting in the mid-1950s. Chris- 
ty O'Connor Sr. non almost 60 
tournaments, but never the open. 
Seven times he finished among the 
top six, placing second in 1965 and 
third in 1961 but never achieving 

the elusive prize. 

■•Himself.” ibe nickname by 
which he is known in Ireland, is 60 
now and never will add the British 
Opeo to his collection of trophies. 
But the name Christy O'Connor 
was very much in presence during 
the first round at Royal Si. 
George's Golf Club. 

Christy O’Connor Jr., named for 
his uncle' and a journeyman player 
in 16 years as a pro. went on a binge 
the likes of which his storied unde 
never knew. Starting on the fourth 
hole, he carded seven successive 
birdies to set a British Open record. 
He got 10 birdies for the round, 
believed to be another mark. 

During the run of seven birdies. 
O'Connor sank one putt of 25 feet 


Those Lords of Baseball Must Be Crazy 

By George Vecsey 

Hfem York Times Service 


( I explained to him 
that track, and field 
would be good for 
him,’ that it would 
be a chance to 'help 

hialainily.He really -jBgSffiftSS - 
wanted to help his 
family.’ 

— Lain de Oliveira 


NEW YORK — The first re- 
sponse is: They cannot do this to 
118. 

Major league baseball’s owners 
and the players' union could not be 
professionally stupid enough to 
force another midseason strike the 
way they did in 1981, when they got 
off lucky. Fans and the press 
bought the gimmick of the tnira- 
divisiaaal playoffs, they accepted 
the distorted statistics from that 
season, and then baseball stepped 
in good fortune with a World Safes 
that matnhed the two biggest televi- 
sion markets in Norm America, 
New York and Los Angeles. 

Now they want to try again. The 
two sides are playing bnnksman- 
ship with an Aug. 6 strike deadline, 
using the cynical explanation that 
there will be plenty of time to settle 
a strike and get back to work in 
time for the playoffs. What play- 
offs? What World Series? 

That is the first response. The 


This year's labor crisis is not afl 
that complicated. There is no philo- 
sophical. legal difference between 
the sides, as in the bad old days 
when players were kepi in bondage 
by ibeir clubs until traded, sold or 
released. The issue this time 
around? Money. Not freedom. Not 
the reserve clause. Not free-agency. 
Just money: tacky, gross money. 

This strike would be over the 
share of money the owners pay the 
players' pension plan from me tele- 
vision network contract. The own- 
ers have traditionally paid one- 
third. which now amounts to $15.5 
million. But the television contract 
is so big now that one-third would 
amount to $60 million. 

The owners do not want to for- 
malize tile one-third figure. But, 
given the contemporary players’ 
benign neglect of old-timers' pen- 


To date, no baseball owner has 
failed to meet a payroll. The poor 
and the inept dubs throw around 
huge salaries with the same aban- 
don as the rich and successful 
dubs. Hie owners all look like men 
who continue to dine comfortably 
at the trough, and the players, who 
average $350,000 per year, must 
avoid looking like hogs themselves. 

The third response is: A plague 
on both [heir houses. We can gel 
along without it. Sure we can — 
and both sides know it, don’t they? 

■ Owners' Meeting Canceled 
Ueberroth said Wednesday he 
has canceled the owners’ summer 
meetings next month in Anaheim. 
California, so they can concentrate 
on resolving die impass. The Wash- 
ington Post reported. 

Negotiators were to resume bar- 


sons, it is hard to get worked up gaining Thursday for the first date 
over their struggle for one-third of since die union set the strike date, 
the pie. - Expansion was considered to be 


a major topic at the owners' meet- 
ings. set for Aug. 14-15. A spokes- 
woman for the commissioner's of- 
fice said there are no plans to 
reschedule the meetings. 

“Now that there's a date, we 
hope it will have some effect” on 
the stalled negotiations, a union 
spokesman, Mark Bd anger, was 
quoted as saying Wednesday. 

Belanger, according to The Asso- 
ciated Press, said that in 1981, 
when ibe players struck for 50 days, 
“things were different. That strike 
was planned” by the owners. “They 
had strike insurance. Their losses 
were covered. They were trying to 
bust us. Now. they don't have any 
strike insurance.” 

He acknowledged that public 
sentiment is strongly against an- 
other strike. “We're concerned 
about the public,” Belanger said, 
“but we can’t go 3bout this thing 
trying to take care of the public. We 
have to take care of the issues.” 


(7.6 meters), wo from Zti feet, wo 
from 12 feet and one of 10 feci. 
Later in the round he made birdie 
putts of 15 and 2 U feet. 

He finished with a 6 -under-par 
64. tying an open record set by 
Craig Stadler two years ago for low 
opening round. The championship 
record of 63 is shared b\ Mark 
Hayes { 1977) and Isao Aolcl ( 19S0). 

Five men were tied for second at 
68 : David Graham of the United 
States. Tony Johnstone of Zimba- 
bwe and Sandy Lyle. Philip Parkin 
and Robert Lee. all of Britain. 

But while O'Connor was enjoy- 
ing his finest hour, more famous 
golfers were thrashing through 
knee-deep rough and wet dunes. 

Jack Nicklaus hit a tee shot out 
of bounds at 14 and carded 77. Sevc 
Ballesteros of Spain, the defending 
champion, bogeyed five of six holes 
during the worst of a heavy rain 
and shot 75. Bernhard Lanier oi 
West German;, and Tom Watson 
shot 72. Le„‘ « revino 73. 

O’Connor's 64 also broke by one 
shot the course record set in 1934 
by Henry Cotton, when he won the 
first of his three open crowns. 

Couon. now 7S. afterward tons 
emulated O'Connor, 3h. asking. 
“Did you p!a\ all IS?” Cos ton said. 
“The boy i> vert gentle. Whether he 
has enough viciOiisne»" to win the 
open “I don't know. 1 told him. 'I 
hope this helps you.' ” 

O'Connor, whose hair is molly 
white, with patches of gray, said he 
lacks the intensity and toughness 
that characterized his uncle, with 
whom he has always been close. 

“He was more positive, with 
nerves of stecL” he said. “He'd give 
the impression of being relaxed, 
hut he was always very intense He 
often told me he played with blink- 
ers — be saw nobody and heard 
nobody. When the round was over, 
then he was nice to everyone. 

“Pm a different golfer than my 
uncte, different swing, different 
outlook.” 

Growing up in Galway, where 
the golf course runs through the 
middle of the village. O'Connor 
and his three brothers were proud 
of their unde. But there were prob- 
lems attempting to follow those 
hallowed footsteps. 

“At first it was difficult to lire 
with the name, with everyone ex- 
pecting me to play as well." O'Con- 
nor sard. “After a while people rec- 
ognized I wasn't as good, and I was 
quite happy about that.” 


losing. But I wasn't 
that hard of ajsace .1 


for 

tied to be 

more flexible.* 

Maybe that loss was the best 
thing, because be came back last 
year with an insatiable desire to 
win. He easily won both the NCAA 


tract with Nike and healthy appearance lees, the new 800 and the 1.500 that spring, then started pointing 
BMW 318i in the parking lot — he never forgets what toward the Olympics. 

• ■ it ^ like growing up poor m . The 800 fidd, featurirre Coe, Ovett and Eari Jon« 

He grew up tn Taguatinga, a aty of 300,000 m Johnny Gray of the Ui ~ " * 

central Bra zfl near the capital of Brash a. Their house 




in' 


■■Ktf 


din floors and no one had a bedroom ro himself. 
•»./. de Oliveira recalls that the Cruz borne was always 
clean and had an aura of happiness and hope. After a 
few years of saving and skimping, the family moved 
into a bouse with wooden floors. 

Maybe because Joaquim was the last born, be was 
v not sent to work, as were his four sisters. Occasionally 
he would shine shoes or sell oranges to help out, but 
nothing full-time. 

Instead, he spent his mornings in school, his after- 
noons at a playground or on the street and bis eve- 
nings at home with his mother. The only times Joa- 
quim Sr. was around were early in the nrorrung before- 
i work and at night before bed. He labored day and 
night as a steel woriter and still brought home only 
about S50 a month. ' 

' 7- Cruz also discovered sports. At first, be locked a 
> uccer ball around with the other H -year-olds in the 
neighborhood- But one day. at the urging of a friend, 

. he showed up for basketball practice at his elementary 
: • ^ school The coach, a stocky, strong-willed former 
soccer player named Luiz de Oliveira, saw a tail 
> ' gangly kid watching with interest from the sideline 
'. f. and approached him. 

That meeting began a relationship that has endured 


The 800 Geld, feati w 

" nived States, was considered 
strongest of any trade event at the 


and Johnny Gray of the l 
the deepest and strongest of any tn 
Games held in Los Angeles. After breezing to fast 


times — too fast for his own good, some thought — in . 
the preliminary heats, Cruz bad the competition 
worried. 

Said Coe on the eve of the race: “He’s dither in 
supreme physical condition or foolhardy." 

Cruz answered that question as the late afternoon 
sun beat down on the track on Ang. 6 . 

For the first 400 meters, Cruz followed the pace of 
Kenya's Edwin Koech. bos long, fluid stride never 
wavering. As the runners reached the stretch, Cruz 
seemingly did not change stride, yet he pulled away 
from the fidd. 

When he hit the tape, Cruz was five meters ahead of 
Coe and Jones. Grabbing a Brazilian flag from a 
spectator, Cruz proudly waved it on his victory Jap. He 
had become the first Brazilian runner to win a gold 
medaL , 


ing used, made to jump around like 
greyhounds chasing a scented me- 
chanical rabbit As soon as the 
owners and the players Frick-and- 
Frack themselves into a strike 
deadline, the fans and the press 
tack zbetr tails between their legs. 

In any other business, a strike 
deadline three weeks away would 
dkst yawns. But tins is the national 
pastime, with all the emotional 
weight of history, with all that time 
on television and radio, with all 
that space in the newspapers. And 
both sides know they can score 
points with the public by raising 
the specter of no baseball in the 
dog days of summer. 

Even the commissioner is doing 
it Peter Uebenoth was quoted the 
other day as saying be thinks a 


strike is likely, and the sooner the 
le did urge owners to open 
t that 


better. He 

their books, and he did suggest 
a strike would be a failure on both 
sides, but baseball can hardly af- 
ford the Cbeshirc-czx fadeout we 
saw from Bowie Kuhn in 1981. AH 
of a sudden, the commissioner was 
not the commissioner any more, 
but merely an anguished fan like 
the rest of us. 



7 Yanderaerden Wins Stage 
As Tour Nears Its Finish 


The Anocxsrd Pica 

Bernard Hinault, lef t, and teammate Greg LeMond shared 
a joke after completing the IStii stage of race Wednesday. 


SCOREBOARD 


VH*"’ 


■ r ■CwlO years. 

- ? ’ i'TTo be honest. 1 didn't want to play basketball.' 

; j - Cruz said. “1 didn't want to do anything. A friend of 
: ,r • mine asked me why didn't 1 join. I told him that I go 
' . U home and have fun playing soccer or something." 

. ’ .v “When be fust started, there was no way of telling 
; ; > he'd be an athlete." de Oliveira said. “He was just 11. 
■■ But after two years* tr ainin g, I knew. Joaquim OOUidVe 
7 fv * )Cen * wry. good basketball player because he had 
. “ordination, even at an early age." 

• 'c tt raE ^ 1101 ooEtinue to play basketball for long. 
7 - • The same hoy who had told Cruz about basketball 

- w tospered in de Oliveira's ear about Cruz's running 

.. . i'. P'owess. De Oliveira had him run 1,500 meters after 
: basketball -practice one day. Craz, then 14, was 

:= l ■ locked at 4;45, and de Oliveira told Cruz to forget 

. basketball and concentrate on running. 

£ 7 De Oliveira knew that Cruz’s ability could be a way 
- for each to find a better life. The only problem was, 
J: ?*/08qtnm did not want it- Or, if he did, ne apparently 
7, was not willing to work lor it. For a few months, Cruz 
.' ' “ "^it to school and coached a youth basketball team, a 
: ■ J£b arranged by de Oliveira, who still had hope that 
‘y/'prz would change his mind. 

;!f “I stopped the car 6 ne night, looked over at 1 cm- 
■^quim and we talked," de Oliveira said. “I explained to 
;• him that track and fidd would be good for him in ibe 
; future. It would be a chance for him to come to the 
j.. and learn English and get an education. I told 
/him that it would be a chance to travel, meet different 
’ ■ '-people, help his family. He rally wanted to hdp his 
' family." 

,-v- Cruz, who had been looking for some purpose to 
; now had jL 

i! After only a month of training, Cruz, then 15, ran 
. siremely fast times in both the 800 and 400 meters. 
...Je Oliveira consulted veteran track coaches to tin* 
. . Y.mowe his knowledge of middle-distance running, but 
. /* already had provided Cruz with an excellent base. 


Cycling 


Transition 


” Tour de France 


MEN 

NINETEENTH STAGE 
PM to BflnfMUK 
(703 KiMmeton/iafi.) Milas! 

I. Erie VondernanAni Baalim. SbMire 42 
minutes. 13 seconds (30 second bonus) 
i Soon Kefir. isekuM. S.T„ (SO second bo- 

HUS) 

1 Fronds Cnstolnei, Pranas S.T. (10 sec- 
ond bonus) 

«. Joust Uechons, Bebrium. S.T, 

5. Benny Von Brebant. Betaken. &.T. 
t. Rutty Mathlls. Bel (riunv S.T. 

7. Eric McKenzie. New ZeoAond. 5.T. 

B. Com LeMond. UjS~ S.T. 

V. Thierry Merle. Prone®, S.T. 
m Aarie Van der Pod, Ndtwrtandi. S.T. 

11. use Van vnd. Netherlands. S.T. 

12. Rudy Dhamens. Betalum, 5.T. 

13. PhlUm LOurotre, From*. 5.T. 

'U. Jean-PTiHlppeVanOen BrontJe, Befolum. 
S.T. 

15. Gtullano Povanalta, Italy. S.T. 

overall itandlnni 

1. Bernard Hbnull. France. 101 hourb 13 
minutes. V seconds 

2- Gf» LeMond. UA.at 2:W behind Leader 
1 Stephen Roche. Ireland, of 3:33 
4. sean Kelly. Ireland, ol 5:15 

6. Phil Anaenon. Australia, at 7:is 
k Pedro Detaadcv Seata. at 0:24 

7. LuH Herrera. Colombia at 8:48 
fl. FoMe Parra Colombia, at )D;D0 
♦. Eduardo Cham. smin. at 11:03 

ia NUcf Runmonn, sivttzorJttxl at H: J2 
11. Joop Zeetmwlk. Netherlands, at 12:14 
IZ Robert MlUor. Britain, at 12:34 
ll Peter Wtanon. NetMrtandt, at 12:SS 
u. Eddv Softeners. Betaken, of J 3:37 
15, Sieve Baueer, Canada at 13:37 


owmn ttanflaa 

1. Morin Contra. Italy. 15364 points 
£ Jearuile Lonra Franca 11593 

3. Cedle Octal. France. 13.195 

4. imetdD Cniqimk, Holy. MUMP 

5. Roberta BoaonamL Italy. 123*4 
k Chwito) Broca Francs, ol 12.9a 
7. Jane rio Parks, US. 12681 

6. Wane U. China. 12J8D 

9. Oomlniaue DomtanL France. 12*54 

10. Helton Huge. Nethert on ds. 12J31 


Golf 


British Open 


Ftrst-roend seen* Tbundcnr In ttw 114tb 
BrtHsb Open Ceir QomntonsMo on Ibe U5f- 
yard, par JMW1 Ravel SL CeorofS CoM 
CM daks at Sandedds England: 


When Craz was 17, he was unbeatable ia his age twtu*i 


WOMEN 

FIFTEENTH STAGE 
Lem to Berdeem 
<873 KItanetert) 

x. Mennv Too, Netherlands. S hours. I sec- 
ond (15 second bonus) 

l Vera wasm-dti. West Germany. Same 
time, 110 wow* bonus) 

X Marlon Levin. Sweden. XT. 15 second 


- ; ; jyoup. His father took time off from work to watch ms 
- nm. That meant a lot Joaquim Cruz Sr. died of a 
; f '■«!« attack in 1 98 1, at 50. He was ill for the two years 
• '-'•fore his death, and had been forced to switch to a 
ss strenuous job. 

_ pr ' His father's death hit Cruz hard. But when it came . 


4 Louisa Seoheod. Itatv. &T- 
X Patricio SoadoecW. Italy, XT. 
k Marla Blower. Britain. XT. 

7. Marie Francalse Pateraou, France. XT. 
X Jaslan Vonhuysse. Betatam, XT. 

9. Roberta BonanomL Italy. 5 seconds be- 
hind 

ia Jamie Lonoo, France, at 1:2X 


Chrtstv OXannar ir. 
sandy Lvh> 

PWlia Parkin 
Dovkt Graham 

Tony Johnstone 
Robert Lee 
Fuzzy Zoeller 
DovW Whelan 
Bill Mccofl 
Gordon Brand Jr. 
DavM A.wetartaar 
Coray Pavkt 
Krisien Mm. 

Peter 5cntor 
David Frost 
Mn woasnam 
Bob Chariot 
Mar* O'Meara 
POter Fowler 
Ho wa rd Clark 
Pbvne Stewart 
Lorry Nelson 
Anders Foribrand 
On Set Bier? 

Michael King 
Mart: James 
Klruo Aral 
fan Bafeor-Ffncri 
David Armstrong 
ManwM Rnera 
Peter Jacobsen 
Emilio RodrtouCZ 
Maonua Pemn 
stmon Bfttae 
Wovne Rliey 
Paul Way 
Graham Marsh 
Oreo Harman 


3044—64 

3444-40 

32- 34— M 

3X32-68 

33- 36— M 
J4G4-68 
33GO-6* 
3*35—4* 
32-37-M 

35- 34-W 
3544—61 
3*46-78 

36- 34—58 
3*34-78 
35-35—78 

3MB-W 

3535-70 

3*36-78 

3M5-70 

3S«-7B. 

3*36-7# 

3*36-70 

WWI 

37- 34-71 
3*37-71 
37-3* — 71 
J7L34-7T 
3*37-71 
3*35-71 
31-48-71 
3*33-71 
37-36-71 
3*37—71 
1*35-71 
3*37-71 
35-36—71 
3M5-CT 


SPORTS BRIEFS 

Cram Will Not Race Coe 

LONDON (UPI) — Steve Cram, the new world 
record holder at 1,500 meters, said Thursday he had 
decided not to compete against double Olympic chain- 
pion Sebastian Coe in that event at a Grand Prix track 
meet in London on Friday night. 

Cram, who set the mark of 3 minutes 29.67 seconds 
in Nice on Tuesday, said, “My troublesome calf stiff- 
ened up slightly today and that, plus a combination of 
lack of sleep, ihe travel and general excitement, has 
taken its toiL” 

He said he would run in the meet's mile on Satur- 
day, in a race that wfll include former world record 
holder John Walker of New Zealand. Pat ScammeU of 
Australia and Kipkoech Cheryiout of Kenya. 

NFL Giants Sign Simms 

■ PLEASANTV I LLE, New York fAP) — Phil 
Simms, the oft-injured quarterback who, healthy, got 
the New York Giants to the National Football League 
Winnipeg— signed Dw« Black, ofira- playoffs last season. Wednesday signed a five-year 
ua ibiamon. coiuract making him one of pro football’s highest-paid 

quarterbacks, ms agent said. 

David Fisbof, the agent said Simms' salary would 
nearly triple this season, from $275,000, and that “he 
is also going to get real money, nothing deferred.” 


UnueJ Press International 

BORDEAUX — Eric Vander- 
aerden of Belgium reminded every- 
one Thursday just how good "a 
sprinter he can be, edging out Sean 
Kelly of Ireland in (he final sec- 
onds to triumph in the 19th stage of 
the Tour de France bicycle road 
race. 

Bernard Hinault of France con- 
tinued to appear well on the way to 
a fifth Tour de France victory that 
would tie the record. The veteran 
Breton donned the overall leader's 
yellow jersey for the 12 th day in a 
row after slaying with the pack and 
losing no tinie in the overall stand- 
ings. 

Vanderaerden pedaled through 
the 203 kilometers f 126 miles) from 
Pan to Bordeaux in 5 hours 42 
minutes and 13 seconds. But it was 
only in the final sprint that Vander- 
aerden came on strong and over- 
look Kelly and Francis Castaing of 
France at the finish line. 

Jozef Lieckens and Benny Van 
Brabant both of Belgium, took 
fourth and fifth places in the 23- 
man pack behind Vanderaerden. 

Through the hot muggy after- 
noon. teammates Kelly and Casta- 


ing set a quick pace with which the 
rest of the riders kept up. Thirty 
kilometers before Bordeaux, the 
two leaders split off and appeared 
ready to make it a two- man dash to 
victory until Vanderaerden closed 
on them and pushed ahead at the 
finish line. 

Vanderaerden has been a force 
on the Tour de France ever since he 
came in second to Hinault in the 
June 28 prologue against the dock. 
He wore the yellow jersey Tor the 
first three days, and won the 13th 
stage individual time trial, con list- 
ed last week. 

Three days remain in the 4.000- 
kilometer race around France, 
which ends up in Paris on Sunday. 

Friday, the 20th stage picks up in 
the morning with a 225- kilometer 
course from Montpon-Mcnesterol 
io Limoges. 

For Sunday's finale, ibe racers 
will approach Paris from Orleans 
and proceed along ihe Seine, cross 
the river on the Pont de la Con- 
corde and make six laps on avenue 
des Cbaraps-&ysee with a sprint to 
the finish. 

They are expected to reach the 
city about 1:30 P.M. 


BASEBALL 
Araftcan umooc 

CHICAGO— Assigned Ron Kittle, outfl utt- 
er. to Buffalo ol ttw American Association to 
amulet* Inlurv reMtaUlatlon. 

N EW YORK— Aeaulred Nell Allen, plldwr, 
tram Si. Louis taro player to be named later 
and Mure eorcstteraflons. Optioned Mike 
Armstrong, pitcher, to Columbus of the inter- 
national League 

Nattwal League 

ST. LQutS— Called up Joo Soever, pirefter. 
from Louisville of (he Amettcon Association. 

FOOTBALL 

Conadhu FoatfiaH League 

CALGARY— signed Emanuel Tolbert, wide 
receiver, to a three-voar contract and Tag 
Rome. slotbodL Released MJttMl Harper.' 
ftlotbocfc. 

EDMONTON — Signed James Bell, defen- 
sive bock, and Stove Howtott, slot bade 

HAMILTON— Signed Tom Pam&quortar- 
bock. ana Ross Pronto, guard. 

MONTREAL— Released Donnie Little, 
wide reartver, 

OTTAWA Signed Uayd LfrAs. defensive 
tackle, and Brian Fryer, wide receiver. 

SASKATCHEWAN— Signed Denny Ferdi- 
nand, ruretlMB back. 


«Jve lineman. 

ftoflml Foemoil League 

CLEVELAND— Signed Mike Millar, wide 

DALLAS— Stoned Kevin Brooks, defensive 
end. to a tour-year contract. 

DENVER— Stoned aj HilLwlile receiver, to 
a one-year contract. 

NEW ORLEANS— Stoned Tyrone Young. 
wide receiver, tm Earl Johr&xi ctrnervock. 

N.Y.GIANTS— Stgnod Phil Simms, auorter- 
back. to a Nvd-Vwr contract. 

N.Y. JETS— Stoned Dannie E kter, comer- 
back, and arad White, defensive end. 


For the Record 


Arnold Palmer. 55, the golfing great, underwent 
successful surgery in Lai robe, Pennsylvania, for the 
Philadelphia— signed Tom removal of a benign fatty minor from his right side. He 

sawiMK.*(giHhM end. pia«d Sam siater, waj j home later Wednesday. (UP!) 

Boxing and wrestling promoters in New York state 
will have to provide contestants with medical insur- 
ance of $7 JOO and life insurance of $ 100 , 000 , starting 


oHensjva toe* to, on waivers. 

PITTSBURGH— Signed Alan Andrews. 

■tout end. 

sa« Oi£GO— Stoned John Handy, defen- 
sive bock. 

Seattle— signed Ream* McKenzie, Sept. I, under a biTi signed into law Wednesday. (API 

SSST: iJSSTIZ' wf* l heav L" 

Rodeen, safety. and Byron HomiL wide ro- weight champion Michael Spinks has been changed 
. • from SepL 20 in Ailantic City. New Jersey, to Sept. 21 

WASHINGTON— signed Darnell Lee>1toM ; n I«Vefias. ihe nmmnter «»id * / 4 p> 

end: Jamie HorrK, -vide mcBlvw: Lionel v*. W LBS V^OS, UW promoter said. lAr) 

toi and Terry Orr. running bocu: Barry wn- a Formula One auto race has been scheduled for 
bum, ottensfvg back; Miteft Geier, ouar- ^ CfUC0 city on Oct 12; it will be ihe first Grand ftix 


07 running bock. 

oomwbae*. 


end Garry Kimble. 


race in Mexico in 15 years. 


(API 





bknoit 

BEGORSH 


86 . RUt DU RHONE • 1204 GENfiVE TtLS81«30 
CHESEI?Y.PLATZGSTAAD m D3CMU65 








INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1985 


OBSERVER 


A Truck Named Clyde 


By Russell Baker 

N £W YORK - Tins is tbe 
summer of big tires on little 
pickup trucks. The effect is gro- 
tesque: tiny tittle truck bodies rid- 
ing way up in the atr on huge tires. 
Grotesque. 

Way up in the air behind the 
steering wheel sits a 98-pound 
woman. Thefronl of the hood com- 
monly bears a handsomely painted 
name, usually “Gyde.” 

People who understand pickup 
trucks tttQ me these trucks with the 
tire bloat are not serious trucks. 
Serious pickup trucks must be big 
enough to transport 30 pine boards 
8 feet long, a tractor-style lawn 
mower that has to go back to the 
shop for repairs, 200 feet of guden 
hose, three big evil-tempered dogs 
who don’t like to fed crowded, two 
cases of beer and six bushel baskets 
of freshoff-the-pitchfork stable 
manure to spread on the vegetable 
patch. All at the same tune. 

For this reason, the experts tell 
me, serious pickup tracks favor 
very modest tires that keep them 
reasonably dose to the ground. For 
one thing, getting a tractor-style 
lawn mower on a pickup truck is 
apparently never any fun, but if 
your tires elevate the truck bed to 
the height of your living-room ceil- 
ing, the job mil require the help of 
six hod carriers supported by an 
ambulance crew an standby. 

Moreover, serious pickup tracks 
never have names. A serious pickup 
trade is called amply "The Truck. 5 ’ 


A relative of mine whose experi- 
ence in pickup tracks is extensive 
cites many reasons for not naming 
them, the most obvious of which is 
that "your friends who gpt trucks 
would never stop laughing if they 
beard you say, 'Clyde needs a new 
dutch.”* 

Another reason, of course, is that 
people who drive serious pickup 
trucks are themselves usually 
named Clyde, Ernie, Lon, Floyd 
and — like my above mentioned 
relative — Mike. None of them 
would tolerate having his name 
painted an his truck in graceful, 
flowing script since: 

1) Anybody who allowed grace- 
ful flowing script to be painted on 
his track would probably wear 
clothes with little alligators sewn 

on thftm l and 

2) Anybody silly enough to paint 


bis name on his truck, thereby giv- 
ing unnecessary assistance to the 
highway patrol, would probably 
pay good money to put a vanity 
plate on bis secondhand Chevy 
Malibu. 


What it comes down to is that 
these gigantic tires supporting little 
trucks named Clyde are not serious 
tracks, but sports tracks. But why 
such grotesque proportions for a 
sports track? Sports cats laid to be 
email and graceful. 

The explanation seems to be that 


proportion of the things give them 
beauty in the eyes of their opera- 
tors. The technical justification is 
that bigger tires give better traction 
for the sport their drivers rdish; to 
wit, accelerating erosion by chew- 
ing up mountain landscape, coun- 
try lanes and seaside beaches. 

My theory, though, is that there’s 
more behind those big tires than 
youth's natural urge to dismantle 
the Earth in the most amusing fash- 
ion posable. It’s my theory that 
those big tires are part of some- 
thing bigger; namely, a gallop ing 
case of bloat that infects almost 
everything American these days. 

We all know about the Pentagon 

uTfootball into tiSTsmmner <iog 
days, almost eternal has Iter half, 
ana baseball until Thanksgiving 
Eve. Because of political bloat, 
presidential campaigns now run at 
high pitch for two endless years, 
and television bloat gives us so 
much vicarious life to enjoy that we 
have little time to tend to lives of 
our own, which leads to the divorce 
bloat. 

Then there is the ingestion bloat. 
Recently, while bring forced into a 
ditch by a sports truck named 
Clyde, I looked way up toward the 
driver’s seat and saw that the 98- 
pound woman at the wheel was 
drinking a Soper Big Gulp. That's a 
non-alcoholic concoction bring 
sold by an Eastern c hain of conve- 
nience stores, which boasts that the 
buyer gets 44 ounces for 59 cents. 

Forty-four ounces! That's al- 
most a quart and a half. I recall 
when Pepsi Cola gave you “12 full 
ounces — that’s a lot.” It was a lot, 
too. Super Big Gob) now gives you 
almost four times as muaL That's 
not just a lot That’s just bloat 

New York Tunes Service 


Currency Tales: Cows, Guns and Ashes 

Damaged V ■ 5. Banknotes Can Be Restored; All You Need Is 50 Percent of the Pieces 


PEOPLE 


800 Extras in the Wingd^ 


By Neil A. Lewis 

Sen York Tima Service 

W ASHINGTON — Eight years ago an 
Iowa fanner discovered that he had 
dropped his wallet, containing $600, while 
working the fields. When he could not find it 
he surmised that it had been eaten by his cow. 

* The man slaughtered the animal and sent 
the contents of its stomach to a little-known 
agency in Washington that tries to redeem 
mutilated currency. The farmer’s fortunes 
turned out better than the cow’s: The curren- 
cy examiners wore able to piece together most 
of the bills, and he received a U.S. govern- 
ment check for $473. 

“He had to send in part of the stomach 
because some of the bins were stuck to it,” 
recalled Rudy VDIaneal, chief of tic Office of 
Currency Standards in the Bureau of Panting 
and Engraving, Last year the agency’s curren- 
cy sleuths dealt with almost 40,000 cases aikf v 
paid out about $14 million. 


currency examiners, ane ana ner sum nave 
been asked to work on bills shot from guns, 
scrubbed in washing machin es, chopped in a 
cocktail blender and poached in a waterbed. 
They have dealt with soaked money that was 
dried in a microwave oven (microwaved cash 
looks natural enough bat crumbles when 
touched). 

The typical claims involve money burned 
in fires or airplane crashes, or bills buried by 
someone mistrustful of banks. 

There are other reasons people put their 
money into the earth. In 1973, the demolished 


money into the earth. In 1975, the demolished 
site of what had once been a successful broth- 
el in Charlottesville, Virginia, yielded several 
jars filled with what appeared to be money. 

It was earnings from the business. But after 
many years the wages of sin were moldy and 
mildewed. The bins were stuck together in 
solid dumps and were tardy recognizable. 

The jars were sent to the mudiated-curren- 
cy office, and the lucky finders got $(5,000. 

The currency examiners work in a well- 
lighted room in an annex of the Bureau of 
Printing and Engraving, across the street 
from the Mint in Washington. “It’s tedious 
work,” Coleman said. "Everyone comes in 
here with good eyesight and pretty soon they 
need eyeglasses. 

The government pays off if the examiners 
can reconstitute at least 50 percent of a bifl. 
she said. 

As she spoke, Sheri ta Walker, using a mag- 
nifying glass, a small metal spatula and For- 
ceps. was working on what looked like a pile 
of ashes in a desk drawer. 

The drawer had been sent in by a sign 
company in Memphis, Tennessee, saying it 
bad been caught in a fire and contained $400 



to $500 in $20 and $100 bills. “I've found 
mostly ones and fives so far and only one 100- 
doQar biU,” Walker said. 

Nearby, Leola Blackwell was working on a 
pile of $100 bills forwarded by a bank in 
Miami for a cheat who wanted to redeem a 
claim of $85,000. The bills were soaked and 
bonded together in piles, but Blackwell said 
they were easy enough to peel apart. None- 
theless, the owner may not get Ms money so 
simply. 

Most cases of more than $5,000 are re- 
ferred to the Internal Revenue Service, al- 
ways interested in how and why people have 
large amounts of cash. This, and the money's 
coming from Miami, whore the authorities 
say illegal drag money abounds, ensures that 
the claimant wffl get a visit from the IRS 
before be gets his cash free and clear. 

Several e xamin ers recalled the case of the 
man who hid several hundred dollars in the 
barrel of his shotgun and forgot about it until 
he went hunting. He set Ms sights and pro- 


duced cash confetti. He got only some of his 
money back, they said. 

The largest case so far involved an armored 
car that burned when its gas tank exploded 
two years ago. “We had everyone in the office 
working on that,” said Coleman, adding that 
the examiners' office was able to redeem the 
entire $2J>-mIllion dahn. “There was a lot of 
overtime on that one.” 

Like bank tellers, the examiners deal with 
far more money they they will ever own. Most 
are paid $14,000 to $18,000 annually. 

Villarreal advises anybody who has muti- 
lated U.S. currency not to disturb it further 
but wrap it in soft packaging. Often a bank 
will arrange to forward the package to Wash- 
ington, but it can be sent directly to the 
Department of the Treasury; Bureau of En- 
graving and Printing; OCS, Room 344 
BEPA; P.O. Box 37048; Washington, D.C. 
20013. 

Expect to wait up to six months for an 
answer. The service is free. 


A public health officer has op- 
posed plans to Jet S)0 live fdes be 
used in a play to be staged in Salz- 
. buig. The flies are supposed to at 
on Sr dung hill in “Der Theater- 
macber” (The Theater-Maker), a 
new play by the Austrian writer 
Thomas JBernhanL The health {^fr- 
eer said the flies posed a risk to the 
audience and the plan could go 
ahead only if the tneater guaran- 
teed that all 800 would be caught 
alive after each performance. Gaos 
Peymamz, an Austrian fly-trainer 
booked to perform at the Salzburg 
Festival, pledged, that every rate of 
Ms 800 prates would be vaccinat- 
ed and trained to return to its box. 

• □ 

Nagasaki has rejected an offer of 
a public apology from the man who 
released tie aiom bomb cat the city 
40 years ago. “We understand his 
sentiments,' but there are many 
atomic bomb victims who are still 
suffering and who do hot wish to 
meet this man,” a city official said ■ 
Thursday. He said Kernnt'Beahan, 
66, bombardier on the U.SL B-29 
that dropped the boml?, had of- 
fried to visit Na^saki toapolo^ze 
when the city marks the 40th arnti- . 
versary of the bombing Aug. 9. 

□ 

Doonesbury, Garfield and Betty 
Boop are picking dp where Mkfc 
Jagger, Tina Turner and Paul 
M^ortner left off: A Chicago 
greeting-card artist, Barbara Date, 
has pul 100 cartoon characters on a 
$1.75 card to raise money African 
famine victims. All profits from 
“Cartoon Aid” — named for the 
British rock benefit gram called 
Band Aid and the U. S.-British 
rock concert dubbed live Aid — 
will go to USA for Africa, the orga- 
nization formed to oversee funds 
raised by (be American charity re- 
am) “We Are the World.” . . - 
The British government says it will 
waive £190,000 ($266,000 dollars) 
in value added tax due on tickets 
for the London part of the Live Aid 
concert. The government came un- . 
der severe criticism earlier this year 
for refusing to waive £750,000 in 
taxes on sales of “Do They Know 
It’s Christmas?” the angle record- 
ed by Band Aid. 

□ . 

Martin Perkins, director emeri- 
tus of the St. Louis Zoo who pip: ’ 
peered tarfinimiwi of- filming ani- 
mals in the wild, is leaving as host 


of televirion's “W3d Kingdom 7 ' af- 
ter 23 years: Perkins, 80, has been 
undergoing treatment for lymph, 
cancer at a St. Loras hospital for 
the past year, and three weeks ago 
he underwent surgery to remove ah 
eye because of cancer. His wife, 

- Carol, said he had mixed feelings ‘ 
about leaving the show. “He's cut- 
ting definit ely, but he has to, 77 
she said. IMtins’s assistant, Jim 
Fowler, wffl take over “Wild King* j 
douL” Perkins still plans to travel ! 
and do television specials, bis wife* 1 
said.' ' ' 

• □ y . 

■ .Jane" Byrne, whom Harold 
Washington unseated to become 
Outages first black mayor, has 
announced as expected that she 
will run foe mayor in 1987. . 

' Q ' ■*_" 

PSar Jtmcosa, widow of Joan 
Miiti, has agreed to give the Span: 
ish government 24 of her husband’s 
paintings in lien of taxes- Javier 
Sobna, minister of culture, said the j 
■paintings, done between 1935 and | 
1 969, and 243 engravings would go - ! 


' a new Spanish law allowing dona- 
tions of ait in place of money for 
income taxes. The artist dial in 
December 1983. ' 

□ 

Bantam Books printed the two- 
milH rmih copy of Lee A Iscocca’s 
“Iacocca; An Autobiography” just 
nitte months .after the C&rp%|. 
chair man's memoirs bit the book- 
stores. Among the only other adult 
hardcover books to- pass the two- 
million mark are “Power of Posi- 
tive Thinking” by Norman Vincent 
Pteafe, “Jonathan Livingstone Sea- 
gull” by Rkfcanl Bach, and Marga- 
ret MUcbdTs “Gone With the 
Wind.” 


Tenants of the San Remo, a posh 
building oa Central Park in New 
Yorit have rejected a bid by the. 
node star Mamma to buy a $12- 
ntiUion apartment there. The San 
Remo Tenants Corp. did not make 
public its reasons for the decision. 
Among celebrities living in - the 
building are the aaor Dustin Hoff- 
man and the actress Diane Keaton. 
The New York Daily News report- 
ed that Keaton was the only tenant 
cm the San Rond board who sup- 
ported Madonna’s request 7 


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oge sys tem, ooefe y 6 lo 7, with house. 61)68 6546, 

Wto 

PIG-O.-P. Quebec -Canada hor* rtomg. tennis, l«ure axrie 


ccDiftoeljr restored, 240 sq/n, 2 Ew- 
ings. (fining, fibrary. Uchen. large en- 
franee. 3 badrooag w»th bath, period 
fireplaces, vau&ed wine cdkrs, caurt- 
yord, chopd & wR landscaped 
gramds 5IJ00 sqju. arenord, restored 

Wnm. Fi.isomo. 

TefcMOT 53H43. I 


ABSGE: 19fcOTITURY motor house 
with boautifd 16 acre estoe, park, 
wood & land, 1 hour from Tautoute & 
the Pyremwei, 400 aim. + attic. 13 
UXMllS, 2 kitchens, 2 bathroare, cen- 1 
trai heating, patip, ^tvqge, 300 

Writer A*s Defmwt, Le 
MermL 09600 Dun, France or tek (1 6- 
61) 68 65 46. 


e»fy m Cannes Mourn - Si faul de 
Vorve - We offar you 

240 nun, 2 Ev-» the best chatcs for Iher^i price. Jud 
flchen-large art-] gj {Sgt.oho] A tatour [93) 944053. 



SHGHf, defigbtftAy interior (knkxwd bathrooms, utZty/doakroam. Lease 
fid, 2/3 bdrooms, in purpose nidi 91 yean. E225WL Tet 01-303 1443. 

PUG A 7B2RE it tandon. Hanpdaad, 


GREECE 

HUB - 

1443. RUNG OF CORFU. Bm 


off Kensington Mgh Street. Price 
£155,000. Luxury contents may be 
bought by separate negotiation as 
reqinred. Pleose contact owner an 0 l> 


m oaonette dose to hecrih & shops. 
Small garden vwth patio. 2 double 
bedrooms, 2 bathrooms. [1 ensuM, 
fitted Jritdien / tining with breoMast 
bar, Eving area wih doors to patio, 
towny with cloakroom off, cento* 
heating. £135,000. Tet 01-794 2547 


the bSs, fantastic and urepodotte 
view, kvge faring, 6 bedrooms, 6 
benhs, 7 w.c's, large garden was aid 
trees and pionlotians. House reMt 
by Swiese oum. PlesBO write Geston, 
fit Ave da Ompri, 1206 Geneva 
iS 1022)46 30 66 . 


444 60 KM WEST 

in ewnpetioncl site, 
«#« WW^jUL'- 
viln t, + aitbuMogs, -I- guest house.tomis. 


C AIWB, N 

L 4 XJJ hr«enf # tn 
bsAroomn. I 
with oar. FZ2 
or 43 44 V. 


RKr SEA, Superb 
s faring, 4 bedrooos,3 
tty fwTwhed, ocroge 
M0. Tefc (93) 474521 


contact owner on 01 - 

602 9360 for qwdt solL > 

OtDONL UTT1E VB4KE by canal. 
600 yards Anericrei School in Lon- 
don, unusually large moiionefn veth 
own garden and access to 3M acres 
of boauriful comnund gerdens, 3 
double bedrooms 2 intei c om m urauri- 
mg reception 35ft overall, bath, 
dookroorn, iao<x far separate show- 
er room, krtchen/bt«*fa 5 t room 18ft 
x 12ft, 121 years, £169,950 to fadude 
carpets & curtails. Tel vreekerefc / 
evenii^01-fi70 4703, weekdays 01- 



SOUMON ROAD A00O SQJA, 46 
km Atfens. Right an sea 400 tan. 
buAfria aNovwd Write fta.2510, 
HeraldTr4>i«L,9252T Nsdly Cedta 
France -or cal Branis 647 J&35 


nG. SABIT GStMASM 

RUEBAC 

Reception + bureau -1- 2 btooow u, 
5th floor. Eft, nice vww. ' 

VANEAU 555 46 63 

30 MNS. East of Paris at Owvry- 
Cowffiy. VBq, 350 sqm, 4 .bed- 
rocres, 4 botfarooas, 70 tan. wrim- 
■neia pool 3>000 sqm. garden. 
R^^MlTefefl) 40525 17or 876 


REAL 
. . FOR 


-FORTUG 

PBtSnCAOOUS PEOPLE preparing 
to purchase prime property in Purtu- 
Spl prenorfiy punue the portfoto of 
• Georae Kmgltf Oversee^ 115-157 
KndSridgTlondon SW1. tefc 01-589 
2133, tetescT254flPfQ 
ALGARVE, mc 7 %wi 
tad good for ogricn 
inve s tor * . Cbtsoci R. 
todo91, Gate C 
ooL tefc til 2901629 


RA L to 

A M a ASS AD C 

PAJtADCSE POR 1HE 

An endreive M ed ifa i r o 
btag bull right byta ! 
beoumri site on Mdkx 
ttorv 20 mmoles from P 
apartments, 1 to 3 bed 


bX^2iXeK£SaZ MAYFAIR Wl. SUPBB short fa«, RATTAN HVRA new AJaMOjBay ; 

overoJ. bath, to ided ta ovw/orapier « let- 

«!T fnr rmnmte fine DreDastXM. 3 beAoomi 2 iwKj- . wojtinX coixiUy vr»a. 4 beds, i re- ten* 4Q tall to conversances 



SUPSO 325 sa M. CONDO, living 
room 100 sq. m. Direct on Toronto 
tae shore. Luxury 47 story bukfiog. 
All services indudog restouronr 
horrith dub, void parking, tennis & 


UUKAlNfc ig km souttrwwt lours, 

trar eta kws station fa vibge, gotf, 

hora rrfng. terns, tenure center on COTE D'AZUR NEA2 ANTVE5, ex* 4W ^ TD ' 

late- 18lh asntury house, 9 room rental equipped modem vJa. 3 SOUTH KBONGTON, 5th floor fac- 
axtt( i ar ^ bouse. outbudcfanL 7350 bedroom, cenrnAy cir conditioned, ing south & west ewer Onslow Gar- 

STV Bq ° u>i fr jl lr £P* X tero pnv^ges. No agerts. dens. 5 bedrooms p doubles & 2 

ocwntetfA*. fa {93|42 1512. 2 barfroonaTroore for 3rd. 

fiEAWPROVBNa4AHE5.Bu9dng 


lion rooms, roof terrace, Sft. Porter- 
am. Excellent security. Offers nvited 
eSDJXXl Avtesfo'd, 44C' tGraltood, 
London SWig Tefc 01-351 2383. 

WOOD COTTAGE »f XB4T. £78 JOOL 
three humkod year aid exposed 
beans, four bedroom^ baxroaav two 


sq^Tobft^riS^ut S NEAR mGBUL spien- totaSOsqjn . t 

"MS'S S^SI^l 


SUN. N.Y. TIMES - Euraet defivay. 

Write Keyset-, FOB 2, B1QQ0 Bnamb. 

PERSONALS 


REQUIRE ICW5 OF UNd£ Dare 
lwad»on, born Harerstraw NV; Aunt , 
BOe Broder, Join F Kefat Assodatas f 
Ot 1 08 N. Mom St, West Orange, NJ ; 
futh Ahelifan^-ofldBad-Xtelo- riii 
pequa LL Reply Zev, 30 Manhram 
Avenue. NewYork. 11206. OSA 


A WORLD OF DIFFEIByCE 


WORLDWIDE 
Nol MOVER 
FOUR WINDS am. 


FRENCH PROVINCES ! 
COTE D'AZUR 

Between Mougins and Cannes and only 
lOrmrwtes (root the sea Mostaltradrw I 
receimy brrit viBa mturfy on one floor, i 
Luxurious finahings. Liege kvng room 

a onto cawed terrace with i 
view down to the sea Dining 
room, kbrary, 4 bedroom & 4 bath- | 
room. Heated pool Ecsriy mcintonad j 
garden of under hefi an acre. Kghhr 1 
recommended. Ref 1109. face 

55 La Croisette 
06408 CANNES 

Tefc (3) 38 00 66. Telex 470921 F 


COTE D'AZUR 


matter house 400 sqja. 3 farefa, pri- 
vate beach, team 6cat . garage, 
caretakers house. F3JXBJTO. Tel: 
PI) 79 3376 Tbs 43Q^tHj5y 26. 

CANNES PARC MONTHRMY sti>- 
rfias, 2 rooms, high doss termis, pool 
Seftngcfficr on rite at Hold Mont- 
fteury. 25 Av. Beausejour. Td (93 38 
67 60 or Merida PS 94 556a 


tded view. Tefc Raymond m 
3)91 ISajftuiiJ 

GERMANY 


ing south & west over Onslow Gar- beams, tour bedrooms, benroonv fvre 
dens, 5 bedroom □ doubles & 2 reoto^. toWfamfl rw^ u^ 
sBigfcsj, 2 bathrooms, room for 3rd. «* *>, o^ar,.tohro a 5 fete. H am. 
doakroam, large USWdiwi, 2 into- For phone 0795 521476 
conwunicofaq receptions, 29fix 19ft, HAMPSTEAD, LONDON. LARGE 


. Beaulme country \ma 4 beds, 2 re- 
ceptions fit, 1 + acre mounds. 3 
mire beach. (UDiXXL Ueme ns. 8 7 
Kermmgton Park wt, London Sell, 

Tefc 01-735 5B9B. 

PORTO aoau Stone fault faitfy 
house (fanded at two self contained 
opartment, 4 baths, stoop* 7, 210 
tan. with large terrace locaM in 
lovely vrfoy oseriookinp fait & sea 
4.800 tan , garden ? tad. Tefc 


I7TH NEAt ET01> Superb . far Horn 

tore 4Q sq^ ofl conveaerae^ hum- GLOBE PU 

CH-ioaf&JfeS 

“Houw A ^denTfaaOjOOa Tefc Tab (21)2235 IZ-Tfac 


563 2011 office hours. 574 69 54. 

LOUVKBtCS. OWMR s*fc iuan- 
our Vila, oondr u ded in 1981 
reridtmitJ West District, 340 jam, 

skff«^jisggSg 

NEM1PWE U CHATEAUiyWM. 6 


VlSt AMBASSADOR PARK AND 
BE CONVWCH) 
far fafcrmatou - - jj 
. GLQfiE PLAN SJL - F\ 

Av. MorvRepas 24, 

04-1005 lAUSAN^Sv^trertad 
fak (21 ) 22 35 1 Z The 2l 85 MEUS CR 


■ »■ ■ — 
IR1MRI BIRfralVB-VVltaMia 



adefitiood stoani & parfcng.51 ycor 
boo, smparfek Weekends/eves 
01-870 4703, weehtays! 499 9981. | 

SCOT1SH ISLAND. Oban 13 miles. 
Crass Atlantic Bridge to Me of SeiL 
B t» view of sec & hiBt ban kotury 
bungalow. 2 reapbare,. 4 beds, 2 
beflfa. Gorden to awn tatty. Super 
urifaia fishing. E65JXXL let London 


freehold, detached, doubfchfronted ^ t 

aeiawaBBfia 

tfVBTWLOMJOhfiSrmfl, modem 3 .uwauato. 


sea Gro ri nd floor ha s. 3 sh ops B 80 33^ 6m ° \ 

WRSBB 


2 baths,gun- 


NVESrWlflMJOMMmottaJJ 
room apariment os new, Hampstead 
near subway 15 minutes Band 5L 


MONACO 


International Business Message Center 



MAJtCO CMAD4GAN. We lore you. 
*bpq cro Or^hoS- 

DEAR NAWAKO - THANK YOU For 
Jeffrey Soma. fans. 


MOVING 


BEAUDAKT 

y * W * ■ V- - r MM > — 

nnw • mp w m moving 

Rwy professional - Reasonably irod 

PARIS (I] 867 42 46 


ly brftin stone Surrounded by a garden 

— ju uc K „ of okre trees aid cnoenf pone wdh. 

cot r*^ J 5l ?r gfffiLoy- large cwng roam and terrace, 4 bed- 

REAL ESTATE 

CONSULTANTS j3«.t ayu» S-A. 

MOVING TO LQNDOPP USE our 06400 CAbtoS 

home-firdiftfl service for recitol c» pur- Tefc (3j 38 00 66 . Telex 47092? F 

drose prcMfy fa 6 (round London. - 

Lrvwig si London Selocation Consui- 

tore. Tefc 01-995 0 S &4 BEAULIEU 

REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


ATTBtTION EXECUTIVES 

AtbEih)HHubuskm*meu*mm 
fa tto totonratfarxri HerntrfW- 
bunm. wAnimraAai<iAM I 
c/ a nriBf o n reactors wokf- 
wide, mad of whom one fa | 
boainem and indafry. wriP 
read iL Jmt Max as (Ptwk 
613595) before IOojbl, en- 


"da k US. 59.30 or load 
etpmdenfper Bne. You most 


ocn fefax you 


BUSINE SS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


BUSINESS 
OPPORTUNITIES , 

USA 

BU5MBSES A REAL ESTATE 
Burinese sales; rammercial. imteakd & 
residential rea csJote-sofes & faawt 
Property management & busmen de- 
vdcpmerV. Wnte rent your require- 
merts & financial specs ta Hncn Redly 

#210^^ n ^l27U^^7lZ^! 
8Q3Q; fte 590194 


FRANOASE PARTNERS WANTED 
Ihnwghout the world far a new prod- 
uct, patented. Cast-seEng item with 
W turnover and repecd orders. 
Reply to 

fat Kraegef, AmoUftose-Str. 10, 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 

PANAMA UBB21A CORPORATIONS 
From US$400 ovak±4c now. Tel 
P624) 20240- Teton 628352 GLAM) 
gThjukl 


- pwNdPAunr of 

ter MONACO 

far 9'heakh, owner sofa to private, 

imique & eyCB^ ttan ol tww ieH 

DIAMONDS bar-S^m«--ISj®t 

DIAMONDS «OM AMSTBtDAMd ■^‘^J^HOreL^reaS 


quafitiet - lowest prices. Come to the 
Amsterdom Dtmnond Exdxjnfle ask 


fany eqigpped & hmhed. Offiae 
508 45MjHom«i 236 84 60. 

RUBL MA1MAI5QN West Pars. 3- 
r-iom opartn yit, 92 sqjru + Ktan. 

temwoo>itoP900j)Cfcn)7Sl 527% 

1«TH MOUUN DE UL OAUTTE in 
superb rewtacq, hixory, safcmTEving, 
bedroom. 90 sqm O; ipmato garden 
50 sqjii. Sw^TxrraE544 405. 


MARAIS near.MuiM Kcana fa 17th 
OMriury maaion. Afl sin ou ertme nt * 

far rot. Tefc 271 93 30 ■ 


terdem Dtaiond Exchange ask 
Bob htenckitan in ro om 12A. 
ssperplein A Tefc 257238 7 797602 

FINANCIAL 

INVESTMENTS 




to Bab Hendritan toraamlZA. Write Agence HAVAS 4 roe ctej [ri> 
WeesperptonATefc 257238 7 797602 M.C98000 Monaco Reh 1178. 


PANAMA COfiPOSAHONS - Tune riiNAJNljAL 

Janet’s. London 5W1 . Tefc (09 2326. HAVE U5. DOLLARS TO rwhom 

BUSINESS SERVICES tnZZ Td^ri^zuriS 1 # 


«t on greenery. 


2 rooms. 55 sqm. aji- j 

Lf&fjM SSvWI 


PAOE 
FOR Mi 
CLASSIF 



ktl 

BEAUTIFUL PEOPLE 

UMIMITH) INC 
U-SJL a womnnnoE 


6930 or 056/491 362. 

OFFICE SERVICES 


HOLIDAYS and TRAVEL 

LOW COST FLIGHTS I HOLIDAYS & TRAVEL ) HOLIDAYS A TRAVEL 


FOR MORE REAL ESTATE 
oPPOKTunmB se 

PAGE 4 


■■ . JOX)BA - 1XHJD GOLD w ANlB>.AC»n5 to crude 04&O4 

fX0 Mto produrts * Europe X USA. Also a 

--ifcsrtiSffisr ftsssttwats SSfincSSS 

euar HW 

or 2 other was * sstadWiea uses: — — — — — - - - ■■ 

££££& ^ CCT« ITOKPW aHB 

BP 63. 06310 fitaufieo-sur-Mer BdrtfagPJanWfato Already Pfa- d^Wi/<^ents 

Tefc (WJ 01 00 36 v4 tte Itetan oa lave efc wnt fa Hrte . to to English tasuage omes. 


msszsmimattMS Wl ts^?rs sSST 01 *S2?S? , Sto 


rotated, vnuflii X muttingual 
indvtaab to al social & 
promationoi oaxsam 

212- 76^7793 

213- 765-7794 

330 W. 5M< St, N.Y.C 10019 
Service Representatives 
Needed Wtridwi*. 



CAPFORAT 

ABargeM 

Lovely stndl provcncale via 
on on estate 

Living with firepkxe, 3 betfroc u ra, 
2 bdhs, perfect oontftion 
400 tan garden 


vMe totarn aa lave et munt fa Hnt to its Erigli 
Year. By End Of 6* Tern-. Returns Write OUWG 
faual WtM Amount invwtod. House Bk 
Thereafter, projections show average T«n 5ha Tsu 
omial income of 33%. Far mmj lete 

raxraARYa 

Bote 2502, Hvted Trfaune, kderakud lo 
92521 NefaHy Cede*, Fratee dolbSk wS 


iA, 8. 902 Supreme 
2A. Hat Am. 
wkxm, Hong Kang 


1 63, 06310 Beaufeu-fuNktar 
Tefc (93) 01 00 36 


33 METERS ( 107 f ) OF LUXURY 

A Benott ftctyj launched n 1983 writ rix onte-roam M ««th pnvete bmhroa* 
pin tobiiB to bk tfew. With her eruung range you con find linvnar wherever 
yaa wall whether il be in the Meriton-mat, the Oanbba*v a even the South 
Paofic. And mfa her ultr»nttd«ffl COBumm equpmeni ndufing word 
prooewr kfcllt (c wrunu nii rf ur you can efweyt be in teeeK Her beautiful 
Blerior rifinahed n rBefiOflflny wtettofumeureepholoeredrltie tines teahera 
ad fabrics. 11a n a* epeane ef yodns. 

fcr further nfomwMnfardMtoorefierterof oeto toga preage rodtn) plicae 
canted Ken BURDG4 AT: 

Ulorttop sni Johnson „ 

VAoassws 

U tot tare 0MQ0CM«e - 1« pi 94 2008 
Cafe &4WKM CMMS- IftetODM 


, B * NK 5 ! G «! togt «*■ 

MONEY TREES? SgS 

YEW faved fa one of Antawi most f jftf d. fima T ’ fa SfodT°mi^' 



Your Offico in Germany 

we arm -At Yoar Service" 

• Complete office services at hm 
nretfige oddrtUflL 

• Fully equipped offices to (he short 
term or tho long term 

• l/Vrntaondy boned office and 
profesriond staff at ynr dapocoi. 

• Cat be tejrfy used os yw corpo- 
rate donrida to Gurmany/Europe. 

• Yeurbuanesx operation am (tart 
imnwfctefy. 

Lcriroo Kosteres Services GavfaH 
Loirco-H oui aw Hatri teuanpark 
Jusifauretrosu 22 
6000 Frankfurt an Mon 1 


ACCBS USA 

W 


Montreal U5*189 1^02 

and mare d eflin aiioat _ 
15* dbcounl on 1st daw 

PARK lek M) 221 46 94 

(Cor. lit 1502] 


MONEY TREES? 


ZUBCH 

ES’RSENTATlONAi OPFKE 
aValOOKL Kacnjnu. 

Contact: 01 7 69 43 43. 



COTE D'AZUR rts (nvesf n one ot Autatti most cepmd Kean IA, Postfa-h I7n34f) 

ilteSteS&S! 

l KKar!E?i£™» 


Frorefat Tefc 7^08 Tx 412713 


I rooms. 2 bathroom 


dRT kS «* 


v incur State. 

wings assured to 


in, the world, loans, venture capital 

!/C*M«ofCre^toySffat 


JOHN TAYLOR SA 
S5 Lo Qouotte 

06400 Cannes 

Tefc {3) 38 QQ 66. Telex 470921 F 


Baoiy, inony years and, we goonm- pat-oq3Qrt protech frmi mckx J5A 
tee to itetwmnie iaveeimeiiL “ Swas banks. Pieaous metak Said 
BKOKBff B4QUUHK INVITED. « tfa 241176 Demo Greece. 

92521 N«4ly Cede*. France 

ond I AmcieMsr la Careh^a 


am D’AZUR MOL fad Estate 

tota. bujnng cm apartment cr □ 1ST CHOICE EORM MDIGO. Sefing 
•ikrf Soto a serious problem with o more than 200 £00 metere from reg^ 
senos tnmnm Promotion Mozart to production. 10W. coton, wtohts, 
ask to otr brodixe: 19 Ave Aufaer from 275 ta 500 crammes/sam. For 
or Hotel M erid eu 06CD0 hfce. Tefc farther wf um o to n cell Paris; (11 553 
(9^87 08 20 - BI 48 SO 4974 or Men 7105521 


German. Bax 235B, Herald Tribute, 
92521 NtoiHy Cede*. France 


Suite 504, 


DIAMONDS ■ 
WAMOND5 

Your best buy. 

Fine dton u ndt in any trice range 
at lowest wholesrie prices 
tired From Antwerp 
eerear of the diamond world. 
Ful guarantee 
far free price Kit write 


Tefc 69-59 00 61 
Teletoe 69-59 57 70 
Teles 414561 


BJRO BUSINESS CENTER 

99 Keeengrodht, 1015 CH Amstentoe 
Tel 315056 57 49 .Telex 16183. 
WoriJ-Wkh Asntsr Certw 


coononvaf tunes. Shore complete to 
aStiei 7 services, Mohoti oJSfltL far®- 
poan monogemenl, confkferSci. ^ica 
1-CB Box 1569, MAUla. 

Tafc 817-4187 B fcnoslTla 22232 

YOUR MW M PAMS: TREX. 

ANSWBBNG SHMCI, secretey’ 

* ,Wiv - 



HOUDAVS e TRAVEL 



LUXURY 7-DAY 
Medtferranean 
CRUISES . 

aboard the flagship 
Ocean Princess; 

g^taSttiunfay through 
1 Cafcw ca TOrtofoa Cata 


Tan«, 5wry, Corto, Dubrondi 

Aboard the yacte-iace 
Ocean Mandor 

4 WeeUy draarturto front 
^^teB^StMdays' 


NX YOUR NEXT 7BP„ 

. try Rte ouWantfag servias -that 
has mode ut-fcauel consuftott » irfl 
launimiai and .(falanels 

... 

. •Baeutfae traveL-to even file 
most rantate dwflnntions 

^Vacottoa at ofl the most 
•ainrve nnarts 
TroMhautes fatematiand 
600 Fifth Avenue 

r«fa» 4592343 7KO W 

THROUGHOUT KRAa I 
. meets &jAa ovaUk 
HOMCTB. Laidon 01-< 

HEUAS YACHTMG. Yg 
A eodemica 28. Athens 1C 


• CtfiBng an Zodar. Komafi 
Ubrefa DubrovmL Corfu, 


Toormina [jpari Uantkt 
. Nttafaii _ . . 

far immednlB reservation* contact; 

OCEAN; CRUISE UNES 

Vena, Son Mata 149? . - 


• - • -PBAWa 

ffAtPS-Waw Mhvteeiei 

Ave. E. Zdo, 1-W raw 
lgtdien.fridgt.Tefc 577 1 

GREAT BRITAIN 

BMN F1AZA 'HOTEL .1 
KemfagtotetoipiuDtoc 
ond diren. AS roan I 
« 7 TV / telephone / 
dr/w, etc bstotcTM l 


COMPUTES - Major brands • Export p, 
Py a *^. S dM !.. Mr w ys. protoaonel i 
ad "ca to W use of your 


Estobfahed T92B 

MbaonstrocS 62, 8-2016 Antwerp 
Mown - Tefcffi 3234 Q7 SI 
k 71/79 b. MfiteDiaTiond Gub. 
eort of Antwerp Diamond industry 


Imprint par Offprint, 73 nte de PEvanffle, 75018 Farts. 


OFFICES FOR RENT 

AVAILABLE MOST Centra#/ located 

.gfintttns 

jgjij, nebidud 


^tog 2. tel M 89-5309101. 


Gre^ Aegean Sw, need 2 more 

ii - sesn.TrauwrS22 »4or 


Tell (41) 709822 
Nee- Glaude Trml . 

..37- Are. Mce c dhd Fodt 
, Tefc (93) 856986 . 

CHARTOL A YAOIT M GKBSL tt- 
rect from owner of fargesr Beet 
American not a gement CiaJ ent 

fair. PA HOOZTefc 2l564Tl54. 

Fertosn HOUOAYa TRAVB. ADS 
PLEASE TURN TO 
' MflLW 
hucwbov SKDON 


tax. 68 Queen's Gem 
Tefc 01-3706111. Tin 




TUDOR Horn, -304 En 

Vt