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The Global Newspaper 

Edited rnParis 
Printed Simultaneously 
in Paris, London, 

Hong Kong. 

The Hague and 




Published With The New York Times and The Washington Post 

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No. 31,805 


PARIS, FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1985 


^Progress Reported 
On Plan to Curb MX 



M,v. n 

Compiled bp Our Staff From Ditpateba 

WASHINGTON — The Reagan 
administration and Senator Sam 
Nunn made progress Thursday to- 
ward an agreement on limiting de- 
ployment of the MX strategic mis- 
sile, Mr. Nunn said. 

The wnalnr yairThe T wj iMa y Bl 

consideration of an amendment 
sponsored by him, that would enr- 
- ttUproductioa of the nnssQe. 

• ' * The amendment to a $302-b3- 
lion defense anthorization bill for 
fiscal 1986 had beep scheduled for 
a vote Thursday on the Senate 
floor. • 

“Substantial progress has been 
made toward an -agreement," -Mr. 
Nunn, Democratof Georgia, said 
Thursday aftenxxm. 

He would not provide details of 
, his negotiations with White House 
officials, but said, he was continu- 
ing to insist that there be a cap on 
die number of MX missiles' to be 
.deployed in silos that he considers 
'•*yumerable to Soviet attack. ; 

; The administration, winch origi- 
nally had sought deployment of 
100 of the highlyacarratc, multi- 
ple- warhead iirteranmfmentMl mis- 
siles, tins week, offered to accept a : 
temporary limit cf SO, with consid- 
eration of further production to be 
delayed at least cote year. 

; Mn Nunn rqected this offer 
Wednesday. AHii i i nk t m rinn offi- 
cials, faced with the embarrasang 
prospect of a Democratic proposal 
being approved in iheRcpubfican- 
contndled Senate, then approKhed 
Mr. Nunn in an attempt to reach a 
new compromise. . 

• v. It was believed that if the Senate 
«4oted a limit on dqdoyment, the 

Democratic-controlled House 
woukTbe Ekdy to quickly ratify the 
deployment cap, and might even 
! try to drive the number lower. - - 

Congress has already authorized 
42 missQe^ and themmtary autho- 
rization bin now before the Senate 
bring debated would provide funds 
for another 21. 

The negotiations that coll 

Even as the negotiations contin- 
ued Thursday, the White House 
spokesman, Larry Speakes, ap- 
pealed to Senate Republicans to 
reject the deployment limit pro- 
posed by Mr. Nunn. Mr. Speakes 
said that President Ronald Reagan 
‘a few. votes short" of victory, 


and that “ifs not certain well be 
able to dose the gap." 

. Mr. Spcakeswained that passage 
of the amendment could weaken 
the b»nd of U.S. arms negotiators 
in Geneva and leave the United 
States at a strategic disadvantage at 
a rime when the Soviet-Union is 
deploy in g about 600 snrigar mis- 
siles. . 

On the Senate floor Wednesday, 
Mir. Nunn said that the major fault 
with the weapon was the derision 
to base it in sues that already hold 
Mmntonan missiles. This would 
make it vuhicraKe to attack and 
rdatively osdess as a deterrent to 
Soviet aggression, the senator said. 

. Mir. N irnn | tifhn }q an - rnfbientiaf 

Senate voice on military matters 
and who has long supported the 
weapon, said that passage of his 
proposal could be taken by the 
White House as a sen the Senate 
was “willing to take afresh look, an 
objective look" at other baring sys- 

Mr. Nunn argued that at a time, 
of budget austerity. Congress had 

to Start nmHng plirnwn nmnng iff. 
f erdat weapons systems. He said 
that -such new weapons as the 
cruise nnssfe and-aa advanced 
bomber :were**much moreimpor- 
tant" ; than the MX «nH should re- 
ceive higher priority. (UPLNYT) 

Tl» fimitad fimi 

Gandhi Tours Russia, Calls It p 01d Friend’ of More Than 30 Years 

Mikhail S. Gorbachev, front left, escorted Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi of India around the grounds of the krwwim before talks Mr. 
Gandhi signed agreements under which India win receive $1.15 billion in credits for development projects, then flew to Minsk to 
continue his Soviet visit in the regions of Bdorussia rmA Kirgizia. It is the Indian leader ’s first trip abroad sinna he became prime 
minister. Mr. Gandhi referred to the Soviet Union as “an old friend over 30 years" and added, “We have stood together in times of trial” 

Siege Continues 
In Beirut Camps; 
46 Are Killed 

U.S. Senator Alters Stand on South Africa 



. A T :% W3K 

Wednesday revolved around 
basic issues: 

• Mr. Nunn’s desire .to bait the 
deployment at 40, while the White 
House was willing to acce p t 50, ' 

• The Nunn amendment would 
provide funds For 12 musflegjlext- 
, Jsar fora total oT 54 in production; 
fi4 would be usedas spares prior 
testing. The administration, which, 
originally wanted 48 missiles, 
agreed to accept the 21 missies in' 
the bill for next year. The adnrims- 
tratian offered Wednesday to com- 
promise again and drop down to 17 
for a total of 59. 

• TheNtmn amendment would 
specifically state that the Senate 
intended to dqriby no more than 40 
missiles. The white House wanted 
Tniidw language that kft.more 
room for future efforts to expand 
the deployment figure. 

■ Reaction to Resignation 

Navy Secretary John F. T-ehman 
Jr. said Wednesday that the retire- 
ment of- David S. Lewis, chairman 
of the General Dynamics Corp., 
would Jiot affect the secretary’s de- 
cision an how .to discipline the 
co mpany over its dealings with the 
navy. The New York Tunes report- 
ed nom Washington. 

A spokesman for Me. Lehman 
said tire decision to penalize Gener- 
al Dynamics for what die Navy 
regards as ^pervasive" business 
misconduct wasnot dunged- be- 
came of the knowledge of Mr, Lew- 
is’s retirement. 

- On Tuesday, Mr, Lehman djs-.„ 
dosed the canceBatiocof two navy 
contracts, the suspension of new 
contract awards at two of the com- 
pany's divisions, and 5676,283 in 
fines for having given gratuities to 
.Admiral Hyman Rickover. 

. He said Tuesday that the admi- 
ral’s acceptance of the gifts was 
“unethical, if not ill egal " and said 
the admiral had been officially cen- 
sored by the navy. 

Admiral Rickover, who is re- 
tired; released a statement Wednes- 
day saying that his “conscience is 
dear" regarding the gifts. 

By David B. Ottaway 

(Vtofangtai Post Service 

Richard G. Lugar, the dwimmn of 
the Senate Foreign Relations C om -, 
mitiee, has announced he is “ready 
to consider* immediate economic 
measures against South Africa. 

Calling the situation in South 
Africa “extremely grim," Senator 
Lugar, an Indiana Republican, in- 
dicated Wednesday that he might 
be prep a red to abandon his plan to 
wail two years to determine wheth- 
er South Africa has nradn “signifi- 
cant p rogre ss" toward abolishing 
racial separation. 

IBs shift represents a blow to the 
administration's struggle to per- 
suade Congress to withhold puni- 
tive economic measures against 
South Africa. 

the Senate majority leader, Robert 
J. Dole, Republican of Kansas. 

His proposals include consider- 
ation of a ban on new U.S. invest- 
ment »nd loans in South Africa, 
and a prohibition on the import of 
South African gold Krugerrands 
and the export of U.S. computers 
to the whito-nm government 

would eliminate “a positive force 
for change within South Africa." 

He said the chamber also op- 
posed making the Sullivan princi- 

ples mandatory because it was “not 

Other measures being preposed 
indude h arming imports of coal 
and uranium fromSooth Africa, 
prohibiting the sale of U.S. nnde- 
ar-rdated technology or goods and 
redudngthe number of South Afri- 
can consulates. 

While the administration had 
not backed the Lugar bill, which 
contains built-in delays, officials 
have said there is "much in if that 
they could support 

The senator also said that he was 
ready to consider proposals for 
sanctions other than the four listed 
in his MU, which was co-sponsored 
by Senator Charles McC Mathias 
Jr., Republican of Maryland, and 

Senator nuute his state- 
ment during a hearing that includ- 
ed testimony from Sue mayor of 
Altanta, Andrew Young, and the 
Executive Director of TransAfrica. 
Randall Robinson, in favor of 
sanctions, and three US. business 
representatives strongly opposing 
them. TransAfrica is a black lobby- 
ing group. 

Michael A. Samuels, a vice presi- 
dent erf the Chamber of Commerce 
of the United States, urged the Sen- 
ate committee not to approve legis- 
lation “forcing disinvestment or 
outlawing new investment” by U.S. 
companies because, he said, this 

appropriate" for the U.S. govern- 
ment to try to delate how UJS. 
companies operated overseas. 

These principles spell out a code 
of conduct aimed at improving 
working conditions for nonwhile 
employees of U.S. companies oper- 
ating in Souih Africa. The bill 
would makg the principles manda- 
tory and provide for punitive mea- 
sures against violators. 

. Mr. Y oung, the former ambassa- 
dor to the UN, argued that the 
United Stales needed to “send a 
strong message’' that it did not con- 
done the “dnft” in apartheid poli- 


■ Black Unemployment Feared 

Foreign Minister RJ\ Botha of 
South Africa has told Congress 
that imposing economic sanctions 
on his country would be an “as- 
sault" against millions of blacks in 
southern Africa, Reuters reported 
Thursday from Washington. 

Mr. Botha appealed Wednesday 
to Americans to think of the conse- 
quences “not so much for the while 

Richard G. Lngar 

government but for millions and 
minions of black people of the 
whole region if this direction is fol- 

But Mr. Botha said disinvest- 
ment could lead to large-scale un- 
employment, not just among South 
Africa’s blacks bot among 1.5 mil- 
lion immigrant black workers from 
neighboring African states. 

Coa^ikd bp Owr Staff From Dispatches 

BEIRUT — Palestinian guerril- 
las trapped in refugee camps here 
bdd off Shiite Moslem attackers on 
Thursday in a fourth day of fierce 
house-to-house fighting. The police 
said that 46 persons were killed in 
the day's fighting and that dozens 
of bodies had not been counted. 

Meanwhile, thousands of 
mourners gathered at a Christian 
Maromte church in East Beirut for 
funeral services for 37 persons 
killed when a car packed with ex- 
plosives exploded Wednesday in 
the Sin el-rfl district Twenty-one 
other persons are missing and be- 
lieved dead following the attack, 
for which no one has elaimad re- 

All businesses and schools in the 
Christian sector were closed. 

The new clashes in the refugee 
camps broke out nearly 12 hours 
after the Shiite Amal militia 
claimed it had taken control of the 
Sahra and Chatila camps. 

“It was a surprise," an Amal mi- 
litiaman said. “We thought we’d 
crushed them." 

But the Palestinian guerrillas 
were encircled by Amal fighters 
and Shiite soldiers of the Lebanese 
Army’s 6th Brigade, and the pres- 
sure appeared to be increasing. 

The Palestinians managed to 
launch repeated counterattacks 
through the narrow alleys of the 
camps, but were squeezed by the 
attackers into a narrow zone in the 

main Ka ttlqgwun H in the a djoining 

Sabra and Omtila camps. 

Red Cross spokesmen and offi- 
cials on both tides said that dozens 
of bodies were lying uncounted in 
Sabra and Chatila, as well as at the 
Barge Barajni refugee camp. 

Palestinian gunners east of Bei- 
rut fired a heavy barrage of rockets 
for the second straight day to re- 
lieve the pressure on the guerrillas. 

Rockets struck Shiite-populated 
areas in southern Beirut, at times 
falling at the rate of IS a minute. 
Several hit the main Lebanese 
Army barracks at Ramlet el-Baida. 
There was no immediate word of 
casualties or damage. • 

Two shells exploded at Beirut 
International Airport, south of the 
city, as passengers disembarked 
from a Middle East Airlines flight 
from Paris. Two planes were dam- 
aged by shrapnel, and the control 
tower immediately diverted other 
incoming flights to Cyprus. 

In a statement Wednesday, 
Amal said it was attacking the 
camps to dear them of supporters 
of Yasser Arafat, the Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization leader. 

In Amman. Jordan, Mr. Arafat 

Tork Barrel’ Still Reigns as U.S. Funds Defense 


vv -> - 

. . ; t 
i- M** 

By Sccvcn V. Roberts 

New fork Times Service 

WASHINGTON — When Representative 
Joseph P. Addabbo visited the headq u arters cf 
' v he Rockwell International Coro., the prime 
contractor for the B-l bomber, he saw a UiL 
map with strings radiating from the plant to 
every subcontractor that was budding a part of 
the bomber. ^ The strings covered the entire map. 

The New York Democrat remembered that, 
map later when he was leading an u n s uc ces sf ul 
fight in Gmgress to IdU the B-l program. 

“One by one I was losing members, "said Mr. 
Addabbo, who beads the Appropriations Sub- 
committee on Defense: "They said tome: ‘Joe, 
they’ve built a plant in my district. I need the 
jobs.’" ... /. 

As the anecdote shows, Congress is buffeted 
by conflicting faces as it tries to grapple with 
the military budget, which now; accounts, for 
about one- third of all government spending. 
Lawmakers are expected to oversee 

defend the requests to render informed judg- 

Moreover, the lawmakers' parochial and po- 
litical con c e rns sometimes motivate them to 
treat the Defense Department's budget as a sort 
of public works bill that dispenses money and 
jobs bade home. 

“The department is so big and cumbersome 
that nobody wants to dig in and try to under- 
stand tC said Senator Charles E Grass! ey. an 
Iowa Republican who has emerged as a leading 

But there is broad, agreement on Capitol Hill 
that the pork-band aspect of the military bud- 
get makes it extremely difficult for lawmakers to 
trim it in an efficient way. Major weapon sys- 
tems such as the B-l bomber are virmally im- 
possible to eliminate, and large bases are almost 
as invulnerable. 


U.S. MOStaxy Spending 

Third iff four articles 

litary policy. 

But, by their own accounts, they often are too 
pressed for time, too overwhelmed by the size 
and complexity of the ftauappn’s requests and 
too in timidated by the nrihiary officers who 

critic of thePenlagon. “The military budget has 
deteriorated into a pork-barrel allocation of 
resource s. " A ports barrel is a government pro- 
ject or appropriation yielding large patronage 

Some lawmakers assert that procuring con- 
tracts and jobs for their voters is not something 
to apologize for. “It's an inherent part of repre- 
sentative government," said Senator Carl Levin, 
a Michigan Democrat who is a member of the 
Armed Services Committee. 

However, the soaring deficit and rising public 
concern about wasteful Pentagon practices have 
impelled Congress to focus on the way it han- 
dles the military budget. 

This week, the Senate approved an amend- 
ment that would require toe military to use 
competitive bidding on contracts and that 
would bar government employees from dealing 
with contractors who approach tbem-about a 

Lawmakers also are contidcing sizable re- 
ductions in President Ronald Reagan’s ori ginal 
militaiy request. But Chspar W. Weinberger, the 
secretary of defense, has steadfastly refused to 
provide guidance for congressional budget-cut- 
ters by setting priorities witirin his request 

As a result, Congress now is making decisions 
on its own that could have a significant impact 
on the military for years to come: 

“We’re ttymg to fill the void the Pentagon 

(Confirmed on Page 5, CoL 1) 

French Education System 
Learning How to Reform 

Jean-Pierre Cbev&nement 


'or a Protestant Minister 

By Jo Thomas 

New York Tunes Service 

UMAVADY, Northern Ir eland 
— The aging stone First limavady 
Presbyterian Church is so dose to 
the new Reman CathoBc Church of 
Christ the King that when a bomb 
demofehed the Catholic buMng 

— I«Ol -A I .1 . * , . “ 

in broke the stained gb«s 
windows in the Protestant church 

Now another commotion has 
rocked the two churches and their 
town, which, unfike its troubled 
neighbor, Londonderry, has en- 
joyed a reputation for peace and 

. The Reverend David Armstrong, 
"the Presbyterian minister, has re- 
signed -and left town, saying he 
could no longer take the intoler- 
able pressure and abuse he in- 
curred for Ms friendship with the 
CaihoEc priest aerws the street, the 

the Nn* fork Ta» 

The Reverend David: 

4* MuQai^aCatfcofic priest,' 

r ' tit? 

-.2* * 

left,- a Presbyterian minister, and the Reverend Kevin 
; Father Mnllari’s ebureh in Limavady, Northern Ireland. 

Revezeud Kevin Mullau. 

The affair illustrates the tenacity 
of the rdigimis divisions that un- 
derpin the' political divisions in 
Northern Ireland, where “Protes- 

tant" has become a shorthand way 
of describing Unionists, who want 
the province to remain part of Brit- 
ain, and “Catholic" is used to de- 
scribe nationalists who want a re- 
united Ireland one way or another. 

Even in a place like Limavady, 
which has escaped much of the vio- 
lence of the last 16 years, the divi- 
sions are deep. Many Catholics say 
they feel that the province operates 
solely for the benefit of its Protes- 
tant majority. And many Protes- 
tants exhibit the defensiveness one 
often associates with a minority — 
which they would be if one consid- 
ered aH of Ireland, winch is over- 
whelmingly Catholic — to the 
point where even a modest gesture 
of friendship may encounter great 

Mr. ArmstroQ& in his four years 
here, became known for such ges- 
tures. Although many Protestant 
clergymen condemned the bomb- 
ing of the Catholic church in 1981, 
a week before its scheduled com- 
pletion, and although aD the Prot- 
. (Continued oh Page 2, CoL 6) 

By Joseph Fitchett 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — At 9:01 Thursday 
morning, Justin and 21 other sec- 
ond-grade pupils were conjugating 
verbs. “Parks, parierez, avezparii,” 
recited Justin m his cheery class- 
room, decorated with postcards 
showing the pupils’ Montparnasse 
neighborhood a century ago and 
photographs taken cm a dass out- 
ing showing the same spots today. 

Starting in September, there wiH 
be more time for verbs and less 
time for such neighborhood explo- 
rations, because France's educa- 
tion minister, Jean-Pierre Chevine- 
ment, has told schoolteachers to get 
bad; to basics and curb progressive 
teaching departments. 

Under directives being prepared 
at bis numstiy, school auricula will 
concentrate on reading, writing 
and arithmetic and revive civics 
courses and tiie sin g in g of the 
French national anthem. “La Mar- 

Less freedom will be allowed for 
teachers to devise projects — sod 
as the beginner's historical research 
on Montparnasse — intended to 
awaken curiosity and bring out the 
potential of pupils who resist clas- 
sic teaching. 

Mr. Ghevfaieznent's plan to re- 
store discipline in the classroom is 
proving a popular policy for a gen- 
erally unpopular Socialist govern- 
ment. To hdp publicize it, the min- 
ister is lobbying the country in 
television appearances and aboard 
a special education train visiting 
major cities. 

His campaign is helping erase 
memories of the Socialists’ ill-fated 

ers and pupSs don’t work hard 
enough," says Patrick Rotman, co- 
author of a recent best-selling book 
on French schools. 

attempt last year to extend state 
control over church schools. In the 
face of a national outcry. President 
Francois Mitterrand dropped both 
thepoUcy and the education minis- 
ter, Alain Savary. It was a defeat 
that left the Socialists badly Ham . 

A commentator in the newspa- 
per Le Monde wrote: “The mes- 
sage seems to fjf a period of eco- 
nomic crisis ana intensified 
competition.” It also “seems to be a 
turning point in the national 
mood.” he added. 

However, the “message is sim- 
plistic,’’ he continued. French 
schools are faced with deeper prob- 
lems that aid likely to elude this 
pedagogical F nnHaTnf3?tnKym 

In the last few years soda! 
changes have brought less apt pu- 
pils into the classrooms, including 
many i mmigran t rihilHriftn who are 
culturally hard to assimilate. The 
school system, like the economy, is 
laming in technology compared 
withtSose of the Uni led States and 
Japan, and it is inadequately pre- 
paring students for the job market. 

To cope, Mr. Mitterrand has 
hinted at more radical changes: 
more local initiative for schools, 
competition among them and even 
private hdp. 

More scholastic autonomy, while’ 
in line with the Socialists' commit- 
ment to fostering regional power, 
would contradict France’s sacro- 
sanct system of highly centralized 
education. So for lire time being, 
the Socialists are content to let Mr. 
Qjevfcnemem bask in public ap- 

The Socialists* re-emphasis on a 
stricter basic curriculum is similar 
to moves by Britain’s Conservative 
government and by the Reagan ad- 

Enter Mr. Chevtaement, 46, an 
able; ambitious politician charged 
with restoring the Socialists’ credi- 
bility with an emphasis on old- 
fashioned classroom values. 

But questions remain about the 
real impact of his p lanned changes. 

“The message is that French 
schools don’t work because teach- 

The Reagan administration’s 
1983 report on education, “A Na- 
tion at Risk." emphasized the need 
to get “back to basics" in elemen- 
tary school but at the same lime to 
modernize teaching, notably by in- 
stituting courses on how to use 
computers and by spreading com- 
puter-assisted learning. 

A similar approach is apparent 
in the educational approach of 
Britain’s Conservative government, 
which is trying to funnel more 
funds to good schools and to cut 
(Confiuned on Page 5, CoL 1) 


asserted that the attacks proved 
that Amal had a secret agreement 
with Israel to protea its troops in 
Lebanon and safeguard its north- 
ern border. 

Amal “had an agreement with 
the Israeli Army to protea them 
from the attacks of the Palestinian 
and Lebanese resistance" in south- 
ern Lebanon, Mr. Arafat said. 

In another development, six 
Lebanese soldiers were killed 
Thursday in a fight with militiamen 
of the South Lebanon Army near 
the Christian village of Jezzine, a 
militaiy source said. 

(AP. Reuters, UPI) 

Egypt Says 
It Thwarted 

Bombing of 

An Embassy 

The Associated Press 

CAIRO — Egypt said Thursday 
that it had thwarted a plot by a 
Libyan intelligence official trained 
in Syria to set off a truck bomb 
outside a foreign embassy in Cairo 
on Wednesday afternoon. 

An Interior Ministry statement 
did not reveal the target of the 
alleged plot. Police and other 
sources, however, said that the U.S. 
mission was the focus of a security 
ration Wednesday in which 
itian guards sealed off several 
cs along embassy row in cen- 
tral Cairo. At the time, the opera- 
tion was described as a drifl. 

On Thursday, the ministry 
showed reporters a green Czecho- 
slovak Skoda pickup truck that it 
said had been intended for use in 
the bombing. 

The Egyptian statement said that 
a Libyan intelligence official living 
in a third country had recruited an 
agent “to set off an explosion in- 
side the country in return for 

The agent was trained for the 
mission by “a terrorist organization 
with headquarters cm Syrian terri- 
tory,” the statement said. It did not 
name the Libyan official, the al- 
leged agent or the organization, nor 
did it say where the Libyan lives. 

‘'The agent was instructed by the 
leadership of the organization in 
Damascus — instructions that were 
legally recorded — to cany out the 
operation alone by using the boo- 
by-trapped car, the statement 


that it was scheduled 
for 2 P.M. Wednesday. 

“The time, one of the peak traffic 
hours, was selected so that the larg- 
est number of people would be hit 
in the explosion.'’ the s tatemen t 

The Interior Ministry did not 
specify the fate of the agent recruit- 
ed by the Libyan, but two police 
generals said that he was “tinder 
control,” apparently meaning he 
was under arrest. 

According to the statement, the 
agent arrived by ship in the Medi- 
terranean port of Alexandria on 
April 20 with a vehicle in which 
plastic explosives, detonating de- 
vices and fuse material were found. 

■ US. Danes Retaliation Flan 

The Reagan adminis tration re- 
fused to comment Thursday on a 
repomhat it was prepared to bomb 
the Iranian holy city of Qum if it 
had proof of direct Iranian involve- 
ment in action against four Ameri- 
cans taken hostage in Lebanon, 
The Associated Press reported. 

The Hearn News Service quoted 
an unidentified administration of- 
ficial and others as saying that the 
United States had contingency 
plans for military retaliation 
against Iran and the Islamic Jihad 
group if Iran was directly linked to 
action against the hostages. 


■ Zaire tries again to reform its 
battered economy. Page 2. 

■ A senior EC official assailed 
the U.S. philosophy on interna- 
tional trade. Page 2. 

■ The House passed the Demo- 
crats’ budget Confrontation 
loomed with the Senate on pen- 
sions, arms spending. Page 3. 

■ The graduating dass at West 
Point included two Vietnamese 
refugees. Page 3. 

■ El Salvador’s rightists are 
struggling to recapture the po- 
litical initiative. Page 3. 


■ Die US. economy has devel- 
oped a split personality, econo- 
»y. Page 1L 

■ Olyinpa & York of Toronto 
said it would spend over S2 bil- 
lion for a 60-percent share in 
Gulf Canada Ltd. P&ge il 

JPage 2 


TEC Aide Says U.S. Policy 
Endangers World Trade 

The Assoctaied Press 

- BRUSSELS— A senior Europe- 
an Community official said Thurs- 
day that the U.S. government was 
following an “eye for an eye” trade 
philosophy that could cause a col- 

phi I osophy that could cause a cc 
lapse of the free trading system. 
Willy de Gercq, the EC corami 

Willy de Gercq, the EC coramis- 
.sioner in charge of external rda* 
_ 'tions. said that he was "seriously 
concerned" about a deterioration 
.in U.S.- European trade relations, 
in a speech to the American Cham- 
ber of Commerce in Brussels. 

here than trade,** he said. "If we 
■ Europe- were to let these disputes degener- 
d Thurs- ate, it would be a tragic failure to 
Dent was live up to our responsibilities. . 
ye” trade “The consequences for all of us 
ise a col- and for our partners would be out 
ystem. of all proportion with what is at 
coramis- stake in the various bilateral issues 
nal rtla- between us,” he said, 
seriously The adminis tration of President 
rioration Ronald Reagan and the EC are in 
[datioos. dispute over steel and farm trade, 
jj Cham- The administration contends 
ids. that the EC uses subsidies to un- 

In one of the ECs strongest at- fairly boost its Farm exports. 

tacks on American trade policy, he Mr. de Gercq was critical of the 
wampH that the community was U.S. plan announced last week to 

warned that the community was U.S. plan announced last week to 
1 studying whether a new U.S. farm subsidize as much as 12 bmion of 
export subsidy program “is in coin- U.S. farm exports as part of a drive 
(iiinnAP w«th thp impmatinnal obli- lo rcc&ifl export markets lost to 

pliance with die international obli- 
gations of the United States.” 
“There is much more at stake 

Paris to Quit 
Fight in Asia 
On Pirates 

By Iain Guest 

ImemUimal Herald Tribune 

GENEVA — The French 
eminent has decided to with 

i- to regain export markets lost to 

te "We regret the way in which the 
_ new scheme has been presented as 
being targeted against die commu- 
nity, Mr. de Gercq said. 

Mr. de Gercq suggested that the 
U.S. farm export subsidy plan was 
an example of an "eye for an eye” 
approach to trade relations. 

’ “The philosophy destroys rather 
than develops international coop- 
eration.” he said. 

He called on the Reagan admin- 
istration to work more cooperative- 
ly with the EC to remove restraints 
to free trade. 

v- "By definition we have a major 
iw joint responsibility for preservation 

Israeli Leader 
Asks Cabinet 
Not to Discuss 


China an 

ilOt lO DISCUSS BEIJING (AP) —China announced Thmalay teal Jtwfflholdiafa 

^ Portugal on die future of Macao, the endaveon Gnna’s coast fot 
Cj - .1 m rwi • I settled by the Portuguese more than four centimes ago. Most Macao 

Settlers Inal ratamWlcd calmly to feamotmemmt, w toch had b eat npcaat 

The announcement coincided with a visit by rresraept Anteao-Ra. 

The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minis- 
ter Shimon Peres of brad called on 
cabinet ministers Thmsday to end 

ter anunon rocs or israei euucu on . . . ;y. t . , • . ^ .■ a, 

cabinet mmsterc Thursday to end General Eanes.said thainpdawto heca 

a fierce debate over whether the and that there was no deadline for handing oyer the 

state should pardon Jewish settlers offered to restore Macao to Omni m 1?7A Beijing ded med withou t 

iwaMnjt verfaLn tbrir trial for aayiag afty. A Mtatsfied « |h the 

arw-irc apm^ r Arab civilians on non and was preoccupied with the political upheaval of the 1366-76 

the West Bank. Cultural Revolution. 

of tee 1966-76 

Two pcosecntois in the Aquino murder case, Ernesto Beraabe, right, and Mamid 
Herrera, cento - , conferred in Manila on Thursday with Andres Narvasa, die general 
counsel of a civ ilian inquiry into the assassination of the Philippine opposition leader. 

the West Bank. 

Speaking (m radio, Mr. Peres 
said the controversy was endanger- 
ing the Israeli judicial system. 

“The only authority that can de- 
cide about those who nave not been 
sentenced is the state attorney gen- 
eral,” Mr. Petes said, “and neither 

ministers nor the prime minister 
should pressure bom because it 
risks disrupting our judicial sys- 

[Mr. Peres asked Attorney Gen- 
eral Yitzhak Zamir on Thursday to 
rule on whether there was any legal 

Sri Tanka Leader Weighs Martial law 

COLOMBO (Reuters) — President Junius R. Jayawanknctf.Sri 
lanka said Thursday that he nadu declare martial law to/tixtibat 
sHnnratifit guerrillas and restore araer in the country. 

Lanka said Thursday that he might. declare marnai taw ro xombat 
separatist guerrilla s and restore corner in the count ry. 

A statement issued by the Information Ministry said that.if the 
“necessity arises” the president would declare martial law. “flehce and 
order has to he restored at any cost and terrorism wiped obt* .foe 
statement said. _ . . : I ‘ - . 

cmanded an mqninr into the massacre 1 
sacred Buddhist city of Amiradhapurt 

Aquino Prosecution Gives Up Witness Hunt 

financial support from a United of the open tr ading system, he 
Nations program to combat piracy said. "Intemperate action and reat> 
in the Gulf of Thailand, raising don by one or the other could very 
fears that the program may be quickly, domino-like, leadto a cqi- 

weakened. lapse of the whole system,” he said. 

The decision was announced ■ Textile Controls Assailed 
here Wednesday by French diplo- ^ de a warned laler 
mats during a review of the pro- Tt , ursday that the EC would retali- 

~r T . ibursday that me wooiq r 
gram, which expires May 31. It ate wkiington bowed to 
mvolves patrols at sealer the navy sure from the US. textile lob 
and air force of Thailand, support- mlroducc controls on its do.___ 

^, b r^ P ^S ?5 0 P era “i , ?». 0n ™ “»d textile imports, Reuters report- 

UN offioafs raid the program d from Brussels, 
would continue tor another year He wld ^ j^peon producers’ 

.^ite coverall drop in funding g^p, ComitexuT ^tee Europe- 

^ 5 1 ^ b0Ul S2 -I ™ Commission wanted to move 

A French diplomat, who asked n 

MANILA — The prosecution in the murder 
trial of Bemgno S. Aquino Jr. said Thursday that it 
was resting its case after abandoning efforts to find 
two missing witnesses to his assassination. 

Manuel Herrera, the chief prosecutor, told the 
three judges bearing the case that he would offer 
documentary evidence instead. 

The pr esiding judge, Manuel Pamaran, gave 
prosecutors until June 3 to submit the evidence 
and said they could reopen the case if the witnesses 
were found. 

The two witnesses are a security guard and a 
cargo loader. They told investigators last year that 
Mr. Aquino was on the aircraft steps when they 
heard a gimshot. 

Judge Pamaran said the hearings would also be 
reopened if the Supreme Court upheld bis ruling 

recalling Rebecca Quijaoo, the only witness to 
testify to having actually seen the August 1983 
murder at Manila airport. 

Miss Quyano, a fdkjw passenger of Mr. 
Aquino’s, petitioned the Supreme Court to block 
the recall, raying that defense lawyers in declining 
cross-examination had waived tear right to ques- 
tions later. 

Mr. Herrera said he would not summon four 
members of the official board of inquiry into the 
murder because the defense had agreed to accept 
their report as evidence. 

Their report lacf yfpr conc luded thm the chief of 
the armed forces. General Fabian G Ver, and 25 
others could be indicted for the killing of the 
former senator in a military plot All the defen- 
dants have pleaded not guilty. 

reported. He is known to oppose 
intervening while the trial is in pro- 
gress, The New York Times report- 
ed from Jerusalem.) 

The arguments erupted after Is- 
rael freed 1,150 prisoners — mostly 
Arabs — on Monday, including 79 
who were responsible for the kill- 
ings of Israelis, in exchange for 
three Israeli soldiers captured in 

Yitzhak Shamir, the foreign min- 
ister and Mr. Peres’s chief political 
rind, has pressed die government 
to release the accused settlers but 



the debate on separatist violence would be subject tocensor- 

UJL Panel Warns of Flood of Drugs 

LONDON (Reuters) — Illicit hard drugs are expected to be fiooduig 
into Britain, a parliamentary comm i tt e e sad Thursday, and fbey wadd 
pose the greatest peacetime threat the country h as ever facetL y:.'_ 

In a unanimous report the Home Affairs Committee recommended^ 
tougher penalties for traffickers and confiscation of their property, as m 
the United States. The panel also urged the government to use the anned 
forces to cany out aenal and land-based surveillance of possible drag 
routes into Britain. ’ - 

The committee report, drawn op after its members visted the United 

to mease me accusta sauexs dux States, said that as the U.S. drug market became saturated, dealers were 
ont y aftette verdicts are mo- Hkely to look for new markets in Western Europe. “We fearthat unless 
Bounced. Mr. Sh a m ir ts the bead Of Mil «4irm ic tnlrm ” the ranort SfriH. “B ri tai n cnH 

the rightist Likud bloc, the major 
partner of Mr. Peres’s Labor Party 
m the coalition government. 

rmtrv»Hiah» and effective action is taken,” the re^ 
Europe stand to inherit the American drug pro 

rid, jRritain and 
in less than five 

[In a dosed meeting of the cabi- 
net Wednesday, Mr. Feres report- 

— ‘ SsE-SS jg^Bgss^SBga 

Passes Nerve Gas Plan ^ „ * JS&Si- 

^ rimT^TL P is SU TMr. Peres 

The proposal still faces a hard new gas was much safer to handle: said Thursday that the government branches walked off the job earlier. The strike was schcdukd to la$U3 
fight in the House of Represents- Senator David H. Pryor, Demo- “should not discuss” the trial But A ■■■ r al 

lives. The Senate has approved the crat of Arkansas, who led the failed be stopped dwrt of takiiK a posi- 
production of new nerve gas three drive against nerve gas production, tion on wbethcr a parSnSoold be SfJJfJfSSSS 

times in recent years, onlyto have reiect^amiments Sat the govern- muted. for an afternoon rally. The raDywas expected todraw more fan IOOjWO 

the House rejecS ptx^osaL wtKTable to dis^«5 ^i^uld not like ministers to upsct^Aigentina s 940-percent rate of mflabon and economic 

A hmijm diplomat, wno asjeo ^ a ^,^1 liberalization of 
not to be identified, said Thursday fk „ 

mHiotKidenttfird, saidThursday ^ which has been 

^ deQ *°““ ^tMraw ^ regulated since 1974 by the Multi- 
had been made because of French a 

rrewu Fiber Arrangement covering roost 
funding limitations. France has 
/vintahniMt mn nn» nm. major producers. 

U.S. Senate Passes Nerve Gas Plan 

contributed 5214,000 since the pro- ™ J Luries 

gram hpg^n {q June 1982. Britain ® EC Budget Cuts Restored WASHINGTON — The Senate 

- has given $415,000, and the United EC treasury ministers have re- has voted in favor of resuming pro- 
states $3.74 million. stored cuts in the group’s I98S food duction of nerve gas in the United 

■ The campaign a gain st pirate at- aid budget after warnings that food States after a 16-year moratorium. 
iarir« which has been criticized as aid programs would otherwise run By a 50-46 vote Wednesday 

La Angeles Tunes Serrice The proposal Still faces a hard 

WASHINGTON — The Senate fight in the House of Representa- 

OpposMon Unions Strike in Argentina 

ineffective, began with an initial out of money in October, Reuters night, the Republican-controlled 

S2.87 million from 12 Western gov- reported Wednesday from Bros- Senate rqected a bipartisan pro- tion'arsuaT that"!!* resumption 

By a 5046 vote Wednesday the House rqect each proposal. 

be able to dispose of 

m 12 Western gov- repo 
s emments, including France. The sds. 
office of the United Nations High Treasury Secretary Carlo Fra- 
Commissioner for Refugees had re- ennzani of Italy said that the minis- 
;• quested $2.7 million for another ters added 116 mil lion European 
s- year. Currency Units ($85 million) to 

: The 1 1 other governments that rood aid spending^ bringing it up to 
' aided the program agreed Wednes- the 507 milli on ECUs sought by the 
• day to commit $1.65 million, with European Parliament. 

| the United States offering $1.08 

million. About $1 million more will 
*• be raised in the coming months, f# • TT m 

; officials said. WifilYP ImK J 

"It’s zero growth everywhere," J 

*■ the French diplomat said in ex- 

* r plaining France’s decirion to stop By GIenn Frankd 
aichng the program. “It s reaUy h /«*/»*,«, Past Semce 

. only JhaL We appreciate it un- KINSHASA, Zaire - During a 

' ““fely- . , decade that has seen dramatic eco- 

-- diplomats expressed con- nQ _- c and increased hun . 

Treasury Secretary Carlo Fra- 
nyani of Italy mid illfl t the minis* 

posal to strip $163 mini on in mon- 
ey for the gas from a military au- 
thorization bilL 

.wj-w. r w r & **uuiu uui ni»» imuuivi>i w aniln'lu irutuciiric 

. old, unstable gas stockpiles once it become judges.” he said, "and I ^ ^ ineasnr,cs ‘ 

had new, more reliable gas on would not like ministers to pressure ^ 

Central Buenos Aires was quiet A nine-square block area of tile 
business section was aaxkmed off to traffic by the poficemMeparaikm 
for an afternoon rally. The rally was expected to draw more than XOOgOOG 
workers upset by Argentina’s 940-peroent rate of inflation and ecboooac 

would harm negotiations with the 
Soviet Union on reductions in 

inonzaoon mil. r-hntniual nqivw< 

The bdl would provide money to chenucai weapons 
manufacture a binary nerve gas, in The measure’s : 

manufacture a binary nerve gas, in The measure’s supporters said think well see this present stock- The trial of the Jewish settlers 
which two chemi cal components that current U.S. chemical stock- pile of nerve gas with ns until our began a year ago. So far, eight men 

nan new, more rename gas on would not like ministers to pressure _ __ 

“There has been no effective ^“kSeli newspapers reported that < 

method devised to destroy the gas,” a majority of the cabinet ministers MOSCOW (Nil) A . 
Mr. Pryor said after the vote. “I supported Mr. Shamir ’s position. miHtaiy plane owr the West 
think well see this present stock- The trial of the Jewish settlers 80 persons, Soviet sources re 
pile of nerve gas witn ns until our began a Year aeo. So far. eiaht men Although many Soviet an - 

80 Reportedly Died in Soviet Crash 

MOSCOW (NYT) — A Soviet civilian jetliner coffided witba saaQ 
military plane over the Western Ukraine early this month, tfifiagaboo! 

Western Uk raine early this month, killing about 

gp unreportedf an Estonia news- 

IVU 1 W 1 l*vv l.l I w m^l l WUUAJ/VUW.M. — j/uv WJ UM • a JMU anw. lUi, ^UU l>W.II • . »_ f -J. «, « . |» . 

are mixed to produce a lethal weap- piles were virtually worthless or too grandchildren have grandchil- have been convicted, (me of them paper had disclosed the loss of a cml amino - uymg from 2 aim. to 

dangerous to transport and that the dreu.” 

to 10 years in prison. 

Zaire, Its Economic Dreams Shattered, Tries Anew 

By Glenn Frankd 

Washington Past Semce 

KINSHASA, Zaire — During a 
decade that has seen dramatic eco- 
nomic decline and increased hun- 


on ££ m miliury piino ™ . 

waxy bankers and a reluctant gov- Foil owing student unrest, several aDoariL 

Kishinev via Lvov on May 3. At about the same tone, the mUhaiy 
newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda carried the obituaries of several senior ar 
force officers who died “tragically" on that same date. Many Western^ 
diplomats had suspected that die air force officers died in afc<airaas& I f - 
but the press did not report this. - - j 1 " 

According to the Soviet sources, the two planes cdBded wtiQje on an 

approach pattern to the Lvov airport and crashed in a fidd. A sotiroe said 
the civilian plane was an Aeroflot TU-1 34, a medium-range jctlinci; with 

eminent, which continued umm uuiranuummcunmiijaiiiiMiui p * n j 
promises of financial retrenchment have been shut down. There have p Ol* tnft nfiflONt 

universities in the country’s interior 

te *• 4tete I would TSS. is 

.-'suggest a weakenme of Western 7.:,. 

■^suggest a weakening of Western 
^support at a time when the govem- 

f alien further or faster than Zaire. 
Its economy and per capita food 

in return for new loans — and con- been brief wildcat stokes by post 
tinned breakine those Dromises al- office workers, transport employ- 


tinned breaking those promises al- office workers, transport employ- 
most as soon as the money was ees and teachers. 

i carrying a toy (astel and a cigarette tighter shaped tike a hand 

..^reluctance to proseoite the pirates. 

: .Most attacks on refugees fleeing dehtnr „ 5fs namhS 

-.Most attacks on refugees fleeing 
: -Vietnam have been attributed to 
- “Thai fishermen. 

debtor even while its flamboyant, 
authoritarian president, fonnrr 
General Mobutu Sese Seko, has be- 


By 1983, Zaire was sliding to- 
ward economic collapse, beset by 
bankruptcy, hyperinflation and a 

- ThereportedQumbcrbothofpi- rSi«l 

, 'rate attacks and of victims, while 

A series of bombs went off in 
persons, and there taen^Liief 

grenade was seized by the police Thursday in a crowd awaiting a visit by 
Diana, Princess of Wales, to a community center in Wdveriunuptoo, 

Egypt’s energy nrinister, Abdul Hadi KandO, is schcxhtied to viitlsad 
on Monday, the first such visit by an Egyptian cabinet nmrister hi three 

was owed to Western 

- ;still high, show signs of decreasing time debts came due. the 

1 _3 u a i? a ^ t ^fitier action by government negotiate*! reschedul- 
. rthe Thais From January to Aprti ^g^dWkians by promising 
•. this yar 24 refugee were reported etSiomJc rfoimT'Se 

- -nnnder^MotherJO were missing broken almost as soon as the 

: SISSIES 1 . d“ d U^ ZS of ddav and 

' * HrtESrt- ihJ'rwSri -itiirki nvrr be 8 un a Western-dictated pro- 
• attacks ovct ^change. This time it has 

-■■the last four months have been 

and donors such as the 



But generally, the public mood 

The French nrinister of external relations, Roland Dumas, arrived io 
Czechoslovakia on Thursday for the first visit there by a French foreign 

and the International Monetary seems erne of sullen acquiescence, nrinister in 19 years, theCeteka news agency 


Fund. It was then that President An economics student at the Uni- About 20,000 angjy Swedish fanners protested the Social Democratic 

economic reforms. The promises 

were broken almost as soon as the tegj c importance, Zaire could hold 
new money arrived. the key to Africa’s future. It holds 

Now, after years of delay and half the world’s strategically vital 
broken commitments. Zaire again cobalt, one-quarter of its industrial 
has begun a Western-dictated pro- diamonds and vast supplii 
gram of change. This time it has per. There is cold in its hil 

Tin VtehMQten tat 

Mobutu agreed to another program versity of Kinshasa explained his government’s farm policy Thursday with a march that canted serae 
of reforms. silence and that of other students, traffic jams in central Stockholm before it ended at the parikmenl 

At the behest of International saying: “Every time we make a pro- building. (AP) 

a mvirt Kv th<* IIS Awncv for At me cecesr ot imen lauanai saymg: every ume wemascapiu- 
InrernarionaJ ^vdkipc^^ last Monetary Fund advisers, he ^eraJ- tert tteunrrersity is dosed and 

per. There is gold in its ] 

.said_ that she had been the only X S S2S in Zaire does nor exceed $200, life anmngAfldrmimdMS m Kmsh*. 

year characterized hunger as “scri- ued Zaire’s paper currency by 500 conditions worse, 
ous and extensive.” It cited a study P™®!; . . , 

by the National Nutrition Center . He slashto goranment spmd- 
that found chronic malnutrition as mg. announced raonnsto cintafl IV . , 

high as 49 percent and acute mal- public corruption andabohshed ot J^TOtCSti 
nSrition aThigh as 12 percent some of the most bloated ot 

Vaimi A. Walters, a retired annj 
the chief U.S. representative to the 

eneral, wasswuminWi 
nited Nations. 

Protestant Cleric Flees Ulster Bigotry 

■ MJU . U, “ a,,c ^ UK way from ^ Unilcd Slalcs and other «•« nionn- neiehborhoods. The initial st 

; *^ f ^M?vt todbeCn donors, which have begun increas- “g* 1 *** f ""SSS “M^W^reoring only contributed to 

-earning almost 100 Vietnamese. in . lMr3 :,i nnr.£ us 50 years, and infant mortality is J 100 oercem in : 

The initial riiodc of the measures (Continued from Page 1) byteiy far -the removal erf some of. exploits. People were Evingjogrtb- 

ntrihiited tn an inflation rate of estant clergymen were invited to the eiders. er. and Catholics were content to 

. A- ® ing iheir aid. Once a g ^in . despite 
If confirmed, the officials said, iZila 

-the attack would be the worst re- ^ ±e Wesl 15 lending 

ported since ihe Vietnamese began 
fleeing by boat in the mid-1970s. 

money to Zaire. 

among the world's highest. 

The chasm between rich and 

one meal a day,” said Kaymie, an 100 percent in 1983. But since then, ^ ^du^on^toerebuflt Ai^i 
unrnnptajred utoversity graduate government economist^ tandt their ^9^ytwoart^ attended, 
who lives in the Gl6 with his wife counterparts say. Zaire has begun a One was Mr. Annstrong. 

t eiders. er, and Catholics were- content to 

Dr. Howard Gronrie, the Presby- be Cathofics and Protestants coa- 

terian Moderator in Ireland, has tent to be Protestant’' 

Last fall President Ronald Rea- poor is enormous. Gombe is Kin- 
gan expressed “admiration for a shasa's wealthy business and rea- 

and four children. 

Zaire's economic decline has fol- 


After Father Malian arrived in 

had no comment on the affair, but In his four years in liniEvady, 
18 Presbyterian minis ters ggned a accoidiiig to church membeis, Mr. 

country that carries out assiduous dential district, boasting Frendi (owed a familiar African pattern, ers 

A majority of government work- 1983 - two clergymen became letter published May 8 in The Bd- Armstrong built his congregation 
s earn the equivalent of $30 to fneQ . ds - exchanged Christmas fast Telegraph in support of Mr. from about 36 a week to an weragF 




For Work. A pad omit. Ufa bp ortonoo. 

S«nd dotal I od resume 

for troo •valuatliin. 


600 N. Sepulveda Blvd. 
Las Anaolaa, California 
90049, Dept. 23. U^A 

increased hunger and unemploy- 
menL In rural areas, the results 

sleep. For those who live in the economic reforms are viewed by 
slums of Kinshasa, home for most many as bitter but ne ces s a r y medi- 
of the capital’s three million peo- cine. They have caused price in- 
pte. the new program largely has creases but have also eliminated 
meant sharply higher prices and import restrictions. One result. 

powCT. and 1974, when the bottom month. X? 

began to fall out from under copper When asked how they survive, 
prices at the same time oil prices most Zaireans respond with the 

JL 2— J21 sSj? . ZtiS&SSSSXS? 

When asked how they survive, “ a i^‘: 

-Kt Tjrirmns rwmnnri with the nd “ Day_ parade m an effort to 

Catholics. To&aym 
vice that you mould 
this provoked them.” 

of 250. ; : v " 

caid: “What Da- On his last Sunday, ahotd 50 
you should love members of the congregation foT 
m a dmrcfa ser- lowed him across the street to ttej. 
ild show krve — Catholic church to receive'^ 

Q>” »nd an emotional trib uttfap so 

UIUU JkWU IWV, A IUIU1 fWU MWf V WIU W • IV LUiUI\T " 11 _ f ■ 1 n i •• ■ 

Zaire and its economic advisers vise or make do. For most govern- ' “S 1 Repubhcan Army. 

roenL In rural areas, the results salmon ai 
have been mixed. A few 

Many analysts say that because crete-and 
of its size, central location and stra- the gove 

“ _ • . „ | ■ « i « S A -41 ix. OUU IU MVUVUAlk. V UU. A AM U1U3L WTU1T 

r. fresh Belgian mussos and smoked decided to hold tight and wait for meat workers, that means operat- 
- salmon are again on display. ■ ~-=- » — -- r 

copper prices to rise again, borrow- ing on a system of personal T 

rno mat fnrrMcinfl Crime try if (vrehMffH TuorliM rtiaww QCTS 

The exchange of Christinas 
eehngs in 1983 pronmted the el- 
as of Mr. A iin st i nn °rs church to 

On the surface, Umavady seems overflow crowd of about -1.000 
an improbable place for such a dis- there. 

unlike in many Alan McKay, a Protestant who 

« __ i • a ■ it 

towns is Northern Ireland, is not has lived in Umavady aff .to 
ders of Mr. Armstrong's church to segregated by religion. The Prates- but did not belong to Mri Atm* 
ask him to resign. Although the tarns bold a slight edge in popular strong’s church, sand that fltetneat- 
riders’ request was rescinded, their tion, and relations between Prates- mea t of Mr. ArmstrongTby the 
criticism of him continued, mostly rants and Cathofics have seemed church elders and others nan been 
in private meetings. amicable. The majority of childr en "narrow-minded." 3v 

And in recent weeks, the Arm- interviewed at random one day af- “J was pleased with whathe was 
strong family began receiving ter school said that religion did not doing,” Mr. McKay said.. . 
death threats and obscene tele- affect their friendships. “It’s a disgrace,” NoateThon^ 

phone calls. Mr. Armstrong said the dispute son.aCathwcmaCTtedtti&ftotes- 

At a meeting of the Foyle Pres- "shows that many of our relation- rant, said of Mr. AmistrongVcrfr' 
bytery, consisting of one Presby- ships are pretty superficial, and fcs. “Not everybody thinks tte^ w*y 

gram has had a crippling impact found itself in deep debt. 

and nurses expect tips. 

criticism of him continued, mostly 
in private meetings. 

strong's church, 
meat of Mr. i 

that the wfr 



Trial Opens lor 3 Leading Polish Dissidents 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dapaiches 

GDANSK, Poland — The first 
day of trial for three leading mem- 
bers of Poland’s outlawed Solidari- 
ty labor movement came to an un- 
scheduled halt Thursday in an 

manded a 10-minute consultation 
with their lawyers. 

The judge, Krzysztof Zeniuch, 
refused, and the three men declined 
to testify. 

The trial is the most important 

phone calls. Mr. Armstrong said tee dispute 

vrp. ■ , At a meeting of the Foyle Pres- "shows that many of our triauoo- 

byt«y. consisting of one Presby- ships arc pretty superficial, and 

Police security around the court- read aloud, Mr. Armstrong said, might have shown tee town's true 
house and inside was strict. West- According to him, the note said feelin g*. “People are unhappy with 

miimjimvw Hi* m ----- ^ J MAI ___ . ■ ■ ™ ■ m mm *■ j MWi uinq >v ■ luw uwav - t w w mi Q-v*- A WV^IW WW 1111 |[J nUU 

"atmosphere of uproar" when the em journalists wot barred cn- that he should not have gone to the tee publicity this is getting,” he 

defendants refused lo give evi- T™ i trance, as was an observer sent by United States because “Americans said. "They say it's disturbing tee 

75 Students Stage Sit^n 

The Rue de Paradis is the 
most famous street in the world 
for tableware. 3 0 shops display 

deuce, court sources said. 

The sources said the session end- 
ed at least an hour early after 
Adam Michnik. Bogdan Lis and 

were released under a government d* Roman Catholic Church, 
amnesty m July. „ . , 

The three defendants were ^ Dozens of poke surrwndi 
charged by the prosecutor with budding, examining the docu 

■ JV. _ -«« i am rtf q nirrtrtA ortpmrfitlO tn rat# 

Dozens of police surrounded the ““L and only one leilow mini 
building, examining the documents disagreed with the statement. ^ 

Umied btates because Americans sard. "They say irs disturbing the At II S Ilhrarvni 

were anti-British and anu-Ftotes- town. Our answer is teat the peace uul<u J m 

tarn,” and <mly one fellow minister needed to be disturbed. It was a Room ' 

disa g eed with tee statement stagnant peace rather than a SEOUL— About 75 college 

dents locked themselves in Th*?' 

the world 7 s finest crystal, porce- 
lain and silverware. That's Paris 

lain and silverware. That's Paris 


Wladyslaw Frasymuk. who are 
charged with illegal agitation 
against food price increases, de- 

lea<S an ilksal^ur^o and fo- of anyone attempting to enter and was the last straw,” he healthy peace. This is a conserva- dents locked themselves 

mentina oubU^raresL Thev face a clearing crowds from the street Out- tive town, a sleepy little town. But braiy of the U A Inf ratm^QP^ 

side. More stood guard inside and . Because ?f his treatment by the it is also rally associated with big- vice building here Ttarftf •-£ 

maximum five-year prison term if 




IfamytsMtitynk Qan ® 

. Est. 1911 

Jus tell rhe taxi driver “sank too doe noo" 
• 5 Rue Daunou, PARIS 
■ Falkenrurm Str. 9, MUNICH 
•M/S ASTOR at sea 

seats in the courtroom normally set church's riders. Mr. Armstrong re- otry. People are very friendly, but protest Washington's 
, aside for tee public were filled with signed and left Limavady in erfy deep down they have tear knives the South Korean i 
! plainclothes security men, court May to take up studies at Wychffe out.” Hundreds of riot poi 

sources said. Hail, Oxford. Although he will be The Reverend Wesley McDow- rounded the budding. 

a r— , n, ^ unsalaried there, Ik said, “at least ell, minister of the Free Presbyteri- The students sai< 

* wr will have peace of ntin d” an Church, aitidzed Mr. Arm- hoped for a peaceful 

Hundreds of riot 

sources said. 

A few relatives of the accused 
men were allowed inside. 

McDow- rounded the budding. ; 
resbyteri- The students said 

At least a dozen church members strong’s stand. 

an Church, criticized Mr. Aim- hoped for a peaceful. 

The sources said the indictment have resigned their posts to protest 
took an hour to read and then Mr. his departure. They include the or- 

! i T, rv-Ti .! .1 

strongs siantL that they would kill 

“Mr. Armstrong has - painted a the police tried to erict 'ucotrvv 
picture of people tote their hands policeman was injured whggj?~ 
aromd each other's throats,” he students overpowered 

0 nM “T inmniflr a uw u iiflTii nn!_ Vaf/w* pnetitmr Ificiuc U— 

' Michnik’s lawyer, Teresa Orli- ganist, the caretaker, the treasurer, 
I kowska, told tee judge her client's the secretary and several Sunday- 

I case had been prqudked by offi- 

About 170 church 

rial attacks. 

(UP1, Reuters) members have petitioned the pres- 

guards before rushing msw® ™ 
building, witnesses said. Ho***?' 

dents were detained by dwp°®r- - 


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By Margot Homblower • . 

fVatkngm : Pm Service 
WEST POINT, New York —Ulysses S. 
Grant, RobertE. Lee,Georee S. Patton Jr„ 
Douglas MacArtbur, Dwight D, Eisea-' 
bower. And now. Hung Vu and Jean 

Ten years after the fall of Saigon and 12 
years after the U-S. withdrawal from the 
war in Southeast Asia, two 21 -year-old 
Vietnamese rrfiMeeshaveioinedtlB“LOTg 
Gray Line" of West Point graduates 
trained to lead U.S. troops. 

Under a cloudless sky hig h on a promon- 
tory above the Hudson River, Mks 
Nguyen, daughter erf a former Vietnamese 
Army cokmeJ, and Mr. Vu, son of a . dis- 
abled Vietnamese Air Force officer, joined 
1,008 other cadets Wednesday in waving 
their diplomas and tossing then white caps 
is the traditional salute. . 

Commissioned as second lieutenants, 
they are among the first three Vietnamese- . 
bora officers to emerge from the U.S. nriS- 
tary academies. Phong Nguyen of Hay- 
ward, California, who is not related to - 
Jean, graduated from the U JS. Naval Acad- 
emy on Wednesday. ' 

More than 20 Vietnamese refugees are 
enrolled here at the U.S. Military Acade- 
my, at the Naval Academy in Aa n a p oBs. 
Maryland, and at the U 5. Air -Force Acad- 
emy, in Colorado Springs. _ . 

“It is my duty to' serve this country,” said 
Mr. Vu, a slender youth with a serious 
demeanor. “So many Americans lost their 
lives in Vietnam. I see it as my duty to 
repay that debt.” - 

. - hi their gray swallow-tailed uniforms, 
maroon-sashed and brass-buttoned, with 
their white trousers, while gloves and spit* 
shined shoes, sabers at their sides, Mr. vu 
and Miss Nguyen marched onto the plat- 
form in the a c ade m y's stadium to receive 
.their, dgrfamas. 

“Nelson, Newsome. Nguyen, Nielsen, 
Nflooncuk* Nixon, Nolan . No special 
shouts went lip when the name of the first 
Vietnamese woman West Pointer was read 
over die loudspeaker. Such cheers were 
reserved for athletes and for die das 
“goat,” die graduate with the lowest grade- 
point average. 

Flanked by two hulking classmates, the 
5-foatr3 % I Impound (J. 61-meters, 52-kSo- 
gram) Miss Nguyen could hardly be distin- 
guished in the Long Gray line nrnfl, walk- 
ing off the platform, she fairly hopped with 
joy down a corridor of classmates waiting 
in line. Sashed a grin, and waved her diplo- 
ma toward her parents and her five broth- 
ers and sisters in the distant bleachers. 

“I fed great, that’s the only thing I could 
say,'* Miss Nguyen said. As for any sym- 
bolism about a Vietnamese at West Point, 
she said: “I don’t consider myself the first 
this or that. I don’t want to be singled oul I 
just be part of the class of *85." 

The glory of the day had not come with- 
out years of anguish. Mr. Vu remembers 
hiding under his family's sofa when Saigon 
was shelled during the 1968 Tet offensive. 

Miss Nguyen’s father, Minh Van 
Nguyen, commander of the 6th Paratroop- 
er Battalion, was wounded four times and 
nearly lolled. 

v ,# ■ 


Jean Nguyen celebrating after her graduation from West Point 

When the South Vietnamese Army sur- 
rendered, Miss Nguyen remembers, her 
father railed Mg wife and children into his 
bedroom and, holding a grenade in his 
hand, said: “If we’re going to die, we’re 
going to die together, an at once. I will pull 
this tri pper rather rhan ^ th** rWmrTmTiktt 
take us away.” 

But both families were able to escape 
soon after Saigon's fall in 1975. Neither 
Mr. Vu nor Miss Nguyen spoke any En- 
glish on arrival in the United States. Miss 
Nguyen’s family settled in Mihon, Penn- 
sylvania, under sponsorship of a Lutheran 
church, Mr. Vu's in New York Cfty under 
the wing of the Catholic Relief Services. 

“1 was depressed," Mr. Vu said. “I tried 
to learn English by watching television. I 
didn’t know what my future would be. At 
junior high school they called me “Chink.” 

Miss Nguyen, who decided to apply to 
West Point despite her family’s initial 

skepticism, said that during her four years 
here she had to struggle academically. “Ev- 
erything was difficult for me.” she said. 
But, die added, “It taught me not to give 
up easily.” 

“As a citizen," she said, “I felt 1 should 
do something for the UJL, my adopted 
country. I'm very glad to have the opportu- 
nity to serve in the Long Gray line.” 

U.S. House Passes Democrats’ Budget 

Confrontation Looms With Senate on Pentagon ± Pensions 

United Press intenMemd 

of Representatives passed a budget 
sponsored by Democrats on Thurs- 
day, setting qp a confrontation 
with the Republican-led Senate 
over Soda! Security pensions and 
Pentagon spending. 

The vote was 258-170. 

Both the House and Senate bud- 
get plans would cm $56 billion 
from the UR deficit in the 1986 
fiscal year. The House plan would 
freeze rmhtaiy spending at current 
levels but preserve cost-of-living in- 
creases planned in Social Security 
retirement pay. The Senate voted 
to allow military spending to rise 
with inflation m the next fiscal 
year, but to freeze Social Security 

On Thursday, the House reject- 
ed, 329-103, a Republican leader- 
ship budget that adopted the Sen- 
ate’s position on military spending, 
but rejected its curb on Social Secu- 

The House also turned down, 
372-56, a plan Trom moderate 
Democrats that would have frozen 
both militar y s pending »pd Snrial 
Security ana raised S12 trillion with 
a minimum lax on wealthy individ- 
uals and corporations that now le- 
gally pay little or nothing in taxes. 
The moderates’ plan, which would 
have reduced the deficit by $75 
bShon, world have protected poor 
Social Security recipients by add- 
ing some money to their rWJrs- 

Thomas P. tfNeffl Jr., the House 
speaker, said he would urge the 

House to hold its position on Social 
Security payments in the confer- 
ence with the Senate. Mr. O’Neill, a 
Massachusetts Democrat, also pro- 
jected that if the Saute members 
had to vote again, “they would be 
trampling all over themselves to 
vote against" the Social Security 
cost-of-living curbs. 

He also indicated that President 
Ronald Reagan’s influence on de- 
budget had lessened, saying that 
his mail has been nnming about 60- 
40 against him and the Republican 

“The enthusiasm of the Ameri- 
can people was just not there with 
regard to his policy and his bud- 
go." Mr. O’Neill said. 

The Democrats' budget freezes 
the Pentagon budget at $2916 bil- 
lion, while the Senate's inflation- 
related increase allows it to rise to 

$3015 billion. 

Representative Jim Wright of 
Texas, the House Democratic lead- 
er. in urging approval of the budget 
phm, said that the freeze on mili- 
tary spending “does not reduce the 
nation's military capability at all” 
Even with the freeze, the military 
win have about $15 billion more to : 
spend in the next fiscal year be- 
cause of contracts it already has 
signed with weapons makers. 

But, he said, it would mean a i 
“less haphazard, less radical, less , 
force-feeding pace" of Pentagon 1 

But Representative Delbert L. 
Latta, an Ohio Republican, insist- 

ed the Joint Chiefs of Staff believed 
that a freeze in Pentagon spending 
would hamper military prepared- 

. The House Democratic budget 
leaves a 5173-billion deficit in fiscal 
1986; a $162 deficit in 1987; and a 
$124 trillion in 1988. 7116 Senate’s 
budget cuts the deficit down to 
$104 trillion by 1988 — hitting Mr. 
Reagan’s revised target of cutting 
the deficit — anticipated at more 
than $220 trillion next yearif noth- 
ing is done — by about half over 
three years. 


£1 Salvador’s 

r.V *; - , 

s trikt , in . 

» . . c i \T niTirmnn nm 



v |lin| in NivielGs 

SAN SALVADOR — They still 
occasionally invagh_ against the 
coming Communist invasion 
speak emotionally of unspecified 
threats to the fatherland. But some 
of the steam seems to have gatm out 
of El Salvador’s rightist political 
parties, according to many politi- 
cians and foreign diplomats here. 

Roberto d’Aubuisson, leader of 
the far-right Nationalist Republi- 
can Alliance, appears to be strug- 
gling to recover from a crushing 
defeat in recent legislative elec- 
tions. The other main rightist 
group, the Party of National Con- 
ciliation, virtually disappeared in 
the vote, although it won legislative 
seats by forming an alliance with 
Mr. cFAubuissan’s party. 

Two years ago, the coalition of 
conservative parties nearly won die ' 
presidency and controlled the legis- 
lature. Today, they appear to face a 
prolonged poiod of soul-searching 
and reorganization. 

“The right is an ocean, of politi- 
cal sentiment without a current or 
direction right now," said a West- 
ern diplomat who follows rightist 
politics closely. 

Internal debate within the Na- 
tionalist Republican Alliance, 
known as Arena, has been heated 
enough to drive one of its conserva- 
tive founders to form Ms own par- 
ty. Hugo Barrera, a writ-known 
businessman who was once insepa- 
rable from Mr. d’Anbtrisson, says 
he will call Ms new party Patna 

Libre, which means Free Father- 

Mr. Barrera said in an interview 
that he hopes to attract other busi- 
nessmen to his party. He is leaving 
Arena, he added, because it has 
squandered its political opportum- 

“I said what would happen if we 
didn’t prepare properly, but titty 
didn’t listen,” Mr. Barrera said. “A 
party should be loyal to the people 
and to the country, not just to one 

When asked about Mr. Barrera 
in an interview, Mr. d’Anbirisson 
called Ms fanner adviser ungrateful 
and “a worm.” 

A long fight appears to lie ahead 
for whichever parties of the right 
ultimately emerge. The National 
Assembly, once the power base of 
the conservatives, has passed into 
the hands of the Christian Demo- 
cratic Party led by President Jbs6 
Napdedn Duarte. 

Li a first show erf thor new polit- 
ical strengtii anTnesday, the Chris- 
tian Democrats ousted the mtomty 
general, Josfc Francisco Guerrero, 
char ging Mm with incompetence. 
Mr. Guerrero, a member of Mr. 
<rAnbuis$on!s party, was appoint- 
ed by the former rightist-controlled 
Assembly. He had consistently op- 
posed efforts by Mr. Duarte to 
overhaul the judicial system and 
prosecute human rights cases. 

The rightists’ traditional alliance 
with the army also has lost force. 

d’Aubuisson what amounted to a 

public dressing-down when he un- 
successfully sought to haw his par- 
ty’s defeat in elections in March 

In addition, the businessmen 
who financed Mr. d'Aubirisson’s 
rise from a cashiered National 
Guard major, who has been linked 
to death squads and the assassina- 
tion of AidiMshop Oscar Amulfo 
Roman, also appear to be review- 
ing their cards before backing Hhn 
B glrin. 

But no one is counting Mr. (fAii-. 
buisson out. His party remains a 
powerful movement and is seen -as 
having the potential to-become the 
conservative standard-bearer of the 
future, perhaps with Mr. (fAubuis- 
sonstiQ at mehdm. ’ " ■ 

The ability to hangon is based in 
part on the hefty conservative vote 
in El Salvador that has given right- 
ist parties at least 40 parent of the 
poll in four consecutive elections. 

Arena’s durability also is based 
on Mr. d’Aubuisson’s slashing, 
rhetoric, which goes down well on - 
the hustings, and his- appeals to 
patriotism and property among 
people who are tired of war and 

But problems may he ahead. Mr. 
Duarte, whom Mr. d’Anbrnsson 
has on occasion described as a 
Communist, has promised to inves- 
tigate a number of notorious hu- 
man rights cases. 

The Arena leader has been men- 
tioned consistently in connection 

■Ji . ■ 

22,2 Percent of U.S, Children Live in Poor Families 

, mat spent 

ntihurBip* M 

** * * t TTu. chill 

By Spcnccr Rich 

Washington Pan Service 

WASHINGTON — The per- 
centage of children in the United 
States whose families have incomes 
below the poverty line - has in- 
creased to 222 percent, according 
to a congressional study. Govern- 
ment spending for these young- 
sters, adjusted for inflation, has 
dropped by $290 a chiM since 1976. 

The study by the Congressional 
Research Service and Congressio- 
nal Budget Office, released 
Wednesday, challenges the popular 
belief that the increase in poverty 
among childr en has come about 
despite a substantial infusion of 
federal funds. 

Rather than increasing over the 
past decade, total per-chud spend- 
ing fey cash welfare payments, So- 
cial Security and unemployment 
benefits declined 6 percent from 
1973 to 1983 after taking inflation 
into account, the study said. 

The VS. poverty rate few chfl- 
dren under 18 readied its lowest 
point — 13J5 percent — in 1969 
after a decade of decline. Since 

then the rate has risen steadily, the 
study showed. 

As the population and inflation 
rose in the 1970s, government 
spending for programs to aid chil- 
dren faded to keep pace. Cash and 
food-stamp benefits available for a 
poor child from various programs, 
as measured in constant 1983 dol- 
lars, dropped to $1,156 in 1983 
from a Mghcrf $1,446 in 1976. 

These calculations do not in- 
clude Medicaid outlays, which did 
rise. Some- economists say Medio-' 
aid should not be counted as in- 
come because it is not available for 
everyday living costs. 

- The official 222-pacenl figure . 
for child poverty is based on cash 
income only. The study said that if 
the value of such noncash benefits 
as food stamps and Medicaid were 
counted, the poverty rate for chil- 
dren would drop several percentage 
points. The rate would still show a 
sharp upward trend in recent years, 
the report said. 

The rise in single-parent famflu-s 
since the egriyl97Qs is a major 
cause of the increase in poverty 
rates, the study add. - 

The study found that half of all 
poor children lived in one-parent 
families headed by women. 

Ncariy half of all Hack children, 
a third of all Hispanic children and 1 
17 percent of white children lived 
in families with incomes below the 
poverty line in 1983. 

The government’s definition of 
poverty varies according to the size 
of the family. It was income of 
$7,938 a year for a family of three 
in 1983, mu ranged from $5,061 for 
a angle person to $20^10 for a 
family of nine or more. 

In white families headed by fe- 
males, the poverty rate for cbddrea 
was 47.6 percent; in black families 
headed by females, 68-5 parent; 
and 70.5 percent in such Hispanic 
families. The rates are higher where 
the mother has never been married. 

“For children in black, single fe- 
male-headed families where the 

mother is under 30 and did not 
complete high school, the poverty 
rate is 928 percait,” the report 

The report found that more than 
25 minio n of the 13.8 million chil- 
dren below the povcrtyline lived in 
families where at least one person 
had a fuH-time, year-round job. 
This “belies the widespread view 
that a full- time job throughout the 
year is near-insurance against pov- 

erty,” it said. 
The report s 

The report said two-thirds of the 
children who fdl bdow the poverty 
line during a 15-year period were 
poor fen- no more than four years. 
-But at least one child out of seven 
stays poor for at least 10 of the 15 
years, most erf a childhood. 

Ninety percent of these “persis- 
tently poor" drildrai are black, erf- 
ten live in the South and in rural 
areas and usually lade a father in 
the home. 

Michel Amonld,BaDooiiist, 
Pilot ol Ultralight Craft, Dies 



Agmee Fnmce~Pmse 

• PARIS — Michel Aroould, 38, 
whose* world records in a. balloon 

- and an ultralight aircraft, has been 
t killed in a flying accident, the po- 
lice reported. . 

The police said Tuesday that Mr. 
Amouufs ultralight plane struck a 
power line Sunday evening at Gia- 
lons-sur-Marne, in eastern France, 
during an international competi- 
tion after it stalled at a bright of 
300 meters (about 985 feet). 

On July 18. 1980, Mr. Araould 
reached a height of 12^01 meters 
in a nonpressorized balloon cabin, 
a world record. 

He was the French ultralight 
plane champion in 1979; and set a 
* : world distance and endurance re- 

* cord with his co-pilot, H&ine Dor- 
igny, November 25-26, 1981-, with a 
flight from Northern Ireland -to 
France — 1,154 Iritometers (about 
721 miles) in 29 hours; 5 mhnitea. 

The two also were selected for 

the French team to take part in the 
wotid balloon championshi ps in 
the United States in July 1985. 

■ Other Deaths; 

et pioneer in aircraft engine design i 
before the jet agt/ mMay 13, ac- i 

As Oil Boom Fades, Tax-Wary Texas 
Seeks New Sources of Slate Revenue 

18 carat sold 


, Roberto d’Airinmson * 

with the most controversial of the 
cases, the assassination in 1980 of 
Archbishop Romero, ah outspoken 
critic of the wave of IriHing that the 
Salvadoran security forces un- 
leashed on their leftist opponents 
five years ago. 

Me. d’Aubuisson has- repeatedly 
denied any responsibility for the 
Roman Catholic leader’s murder or 
for any other death squad action. 

But if an investigation is pur- 
sued, Mr. d’Aubuisson could find 
some of the questions discomfort- 
ing. He was arrested by the army in 
May 1980 for plotting a coup. At 
the time bf Ms arrest according to 
UB. diplomats then in El Salvador, 
Mr. d’Aubuisson was carrying a 
notebook filled with what appeared 
to be plans for armed attacks. 

By Robert Reinhold 

New York Times Serrice 

HOUSTON — The way dung s 
are going in Texas, college students 
at state schools trill soon see their 
tuition triple, professional wres- 
tlers will pay SIS instead of $10 for 
their licenses and paroled convicts 
will have to pay the state $10 a 
month to supervise their paroles. 

These are the lengths to which 
the Texas Legislature has gone to 
balance the state’s budget during 
the recession in the petroleum in- 
dustry. Oil has long been the state’s 
main source of revenue. 

■ It is the stark'irony of this spring 
that . Texas, whose once-booming 
economy has been slowed by fall- 
ing wodd oil prices, is struggling to 
make ends meet at a time when 
Northern industrial states like New 
York and New Jersey are suddenly 
enjoying balanced budgets, and 
even cutting taxes. 

“We are paring for the sins we 
committed in the last 10 years when 
we had' an abundance of revenue,” 
said Gib Lewis, speaker of the Tex- 
as House of Representatives. Be- 
cause the state never expected the 
ofl and gas revenue to fall, be said, 
it did not “save for a rainy day.” 

The problem is spurring intense 
discussion about now the state 
should restructure its revenue sys- 
tem so that it is less dependent on 
its energy industry. 

This revenue has dropped so 
sharply from its peak in 1982 that 
Bob Bullock, the Texas comptroller 
of public accounts, has told the 
Legislature it must find $1.1 billion 
more in fees, taxes or spending cuts 
to finance a $36.5-biQion, no- 
growth state budget for the two- 
yjar period beginning Sept. 1. 

Although thin is slightly larger 
than the current budget, it would 
be far less than the $426 billion 
that state agencies insisted they 

The House has proposed a bud- 
get of $36.4 billion and the Senate 
$36.8 MMon. Each chamber envi- 
sions getting the stale through the 
next two years by imposing new 
fees that lawmakers assert are not 

Governor Mark White, a Demo- 
crat who faces re-election next year 
in a state that daily grows more 
Republican, praised tne Legisla- 
ture’s revenue proposals. 

“I could not be more encour- 
aged; there are no new taxes,” be 
said in an interview. 

Instead, Texans face new and 
higher fees on almost anything 
from mming permits to vanity li- 
cense plates. Under the House ver- 
sion, for example, the state would 

collect $3.7 million in new fees 
from day care centers by charging 


here see tough 

from $25, yielding $26 million. 

To make up for cuts in higher 
education, the lawmakers voted to 
raise tuition and fees for in-state 
college students from an average of 
$244 a semester to $365 be ginning 
next year. Even then, tuition would 
be cheaper than in any other state 
except New Mexico and Oklaho- 

But many are not sure these steps 
are adequate. 

The consensus of economists is 
that Texas and other oQ states tike 
Oklahoma and Louisiana will face 
budget problems for at least anoth- 
er decade, barring a dramatic turn- 
around in oil prices.' As recently as 
1983 the ofl and gas industry, di- 
rectly or indirectly, paid 30 percent 
of au taxes in Texas; today the 
figure is 20 percent 

The ofl bust has affected all Tex- 
ans. The state sales tax increased 
last year from 4 percent to 4.125 
percent and was applied for the 
first time to such services as diy 
cleaning and parking. Part of a 
package to pay for improvements 
in schools and highways, it was the 
first tax hike in Texas in 10 year! 

The oil recession also has affect- 
ed the profits of restaurants, real 
estate agents, developers, hotels, 
food markets and countless other 
businesses in Houston and other 
areas heavily dependent on the in- 

Texas, which ranks 47th among 
the 50 states in tax burden per , 
person, is one of only four with ! 
neither a corporate nor a personal I 
state income tax. 

•There is a lingering feding that 
we are deferring the inevitable,” 
said James M. Windham Jr, presi- 
dent and chief executive officer of 
the Western Bank Corporation of 
Houston. ‘There is going to be an 
incredible amount of pressure for a 
corporate and personal income Lax 
during the next session.” 

Despite the problem, the Texas 
economy remains relatively healthy 
overall, particularly in the Dallas 
and Austin areas, which were never 
heavily involved in ofl. But its 
growth has slowed dramatically. 

During the decade up to 1982, 
the Texas economy grew by an av- 
erage of 6 percent a year, more than 
twice the national average. 

Those days are over," said Wi- 
liam E. Gibson, chief economist of 
the Republic Bank Carp, in Dallas. 
Texas is becoming more like the 
national economy.” 

The Republican Party in Texas 
has called for a 10-percent across- 
the-board cut in the state budget 
and a reduction in the number of 
state workers. Bui “we do recognize 
that something has to take the 
place of oil -and gas revenues,” said 
Byron Nelson, a party spokesman. 

rpiage L> " 

uMonte-Caio so. 
3, avenue des Baaux-Arts 

Always the superb choice 

|V. j ir? • 

- f*- i Ti 

Beverly WilshinsHofel 

Wii shire Boulevard at Rodeo Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90212 
(213)275-4282 Telex 698-220 

London (01) 583-3050. 
Frankfort (069) 29 04 7! 
Hong Kong (5) 22 U 42 ■ 

London (01)409-0814- 
Frankfim (069)28 75 24 
Hong Kong (3) 68 23 35 

-X^pio WbkfaBla, 69, -wbo in- 

teraatiaaal acclaim with Ms glass 

Tieiotirfnristo reported 

or leading French fashion 1 
; Tuesday in Pars after a! 


J -I (-'i 

Lfevesqne Visiting France 

1 ' Agatct Fhmee-Pnsse 

. PARIS — - The. premier of Que- 
bec. Reni Levesque, arrived 
Wednesday m Paris far a four-day | 
visit »' France. - i 





Cage 4 



"When a man is tired of London he is tired of 
life; for there is in London all that life can afford J 
Dr. Samuel Johnson, 20th September, 1777 

The grass is green where Peter 
Pan still plays his pipe 

by Moss Murray 

home of their ning. They will e«B «««»» 

Pan still plays his pipe “TEST 

Nowhere is this more true 

by MOSS Murray tlM in the simple, yet 

sumptuous, salon of Van 

L ondon’s parks are as prolific as confetti on a bridal path. They are the lungs of its citizens, and a ckrf & Arples at 153 New 
4 never ending source of delight to visitors. ^ “ 

Inevitably, for holiday-makers and business travellers, it is those parks in the centre of the city that jewellery, waichcs and 

attract and relax They are found in the most surprising places. Who would expect to discover an “elusive gifts is designed to 

inviting expanse of green a few yards torn busy South Audley Street intbe 3 SEbS£ 

even busier, Hanover Square? The nightingale may have long ago flown from Berkeley Square, but the ^ ^ 

green oasis that was his nest is still there. What began as an 

is still s status symbol. Fall growing reputation among 

Mall is where you buy the corporate clients for finding m f£»' - rh _ 

finest carbon fibre fishing top quality apartments for , j ^° y r ; nn « 

rods, including some that are senior executives on long or woridwi e repa , 
made in six, seven and eight short ass i gn m ents ro London Hampton & son > , 

pieces to fit into an is Peerman Properties of IS 

executive’s briefcase and in London Street in the City, furnished luxury accoramoda- 
the Royal Opera Arcade, They have a selection of two non m London. 

London’s oldest arcade, is the and three bedroom flats in On their books ^ 
capital’s longest established Knigbtsbridge and Belgravia flats for as . . *** 

dealer in antique arms and with rentals varying between week, near Lords, 

armour. £400 and £600 a week. of that most English of games, 

well as making travel book- 

finest carbon fibre fishing top quality apartments for 
rods, including some that are senior executives on long or 

m a dr in seven and eight short assignments to London 
pieces to fit into an is Peennan Properties of IS 

executive’s brief case; and in 
the Royal Opera Arcade, 

London Street in the City. 
They have a selection of two 

London’s oldest arcade, is the and three bedroom flats in 
capital’s longest established Knigbtsbridge and Belgravia 

The visitor's first glimpse 
of what are known as the 
Royal Parks will probably be 
St. James’s Park with its 
attractive lake and fine views 
of Buckingham Palace and the 
turrets of power in WhiiehaU. 
It was in the 16th century that 
the English royal family took 
up residence at Whitehall 
Palace and Henry VIII fenced 
off the first few acres that are 
now St. James’s Park. Charles 

I walked through here to meet 
his executioner. 

Years later Charles II built 
a series of a varies in an area 
now known at Birdcage Walk. 
Over the centuries St. James’s 
has been the haunt of robbers 
and prostitutes, as well as the 
scene of many a duel at dawn. 
Today the scene is more 
peaceful with the park, which 
is not large, being reflected in 
the waters of its lake for 

London’s latest Nightspot 

almost its entire length. 

An alternative picture of St. 
James’s Park was painted by a 
Pre-Revolution French visitor 
who wrote in 1731: ‘This is 
the public walk of Londoners 
and open to all, and it is a 
strange sight, in fine weather, 
to see the flower of the 
nobility and the first ladies of 
the Court, mingling in 
confusion with the vilest 
populace. Such is the taste of 
the English; it is pan of what 
they call their liberty/ 

The “People’s Park” 

Curzons, the exclusive new dab at 45 Park Lane, 
lias burst onto the London nightlife scene with 
gtittering style. 

Luxuriously furnished, with comfortable seating and 
intimate alcoves for privacy, Curzons has been designed to 
create just the right atmosphere for complete relaxation and 
enjoyment. Multi-mirror surfaces reflect the shimmer of its 
silver-blue decor and the spectacular effects of the 
sophisticated discotheque lighting. Caviare and champagne 
top the elegant finger-buffet delicacies offered with hill bar 

International cabaret and speciality acts feature in the 
lavish programme planned by the club’s dynamic 
membership director, Abi King - known affectionately as 
‘King of Clubs’. 

Cumins is open nightly except Sunday from 9.00pm to 
3.00am. Entrance is strictly limited to members only and 
their guests. The £150 annual subscription also provides 
membership of The Cafe’, the elegant brasserie-style 
restaurant overlooking Hyde Park on the same premises. It 
is open from 10.30am to 3.00am every day excepr Sunday, 
and offers an international menu and extensive wine list, 
with a pianist in the evening. 

With two such attractive venues at the same prestigeous 
address, 45 Park Lane promises to become London’s most 
fashionable rendezvous. 

For details of membership and private hire of the club, 
please contact Abi King, Membership Director, Curzons, 
45 Park Lane, London WlY 3LD. Telephone 01-629 6666. 


Although Hyde Park and 
Kensington Gardens are 
continuous areas on the map, 
they are very different. Hyde 
Park is the ‘people’s park* and 
home of Speaker’s Corner, 
where for centuries protestors 
have come to shout, 
demonstrate and march. 
Here, too, is the famous 
Serpentine Lake and Rotten 
Row, where you can canter 
along a sandy straight mile. 
The park is also a track for 
many of Mayfair’s joggers. 

Kensington Gardens has a 
royal heritage dating back to 
the 17th century when 
William in decided to live in 
Kensington Palace. Queen 
Caroline designed the layout 
of its avenues and Queen 
Victoria was born in the 
palace. The park’s modern 
attraction is the statue of 
Peter Pan playing his pipe 
near the Round Pond where 
children - with their nannies 
- come to sail their boats. 

But the park that attracts 
most visitors is Regents Park. 
It is the largest of central 
London’s green glades and 
home of the London Zoo, as 
well as Queen Mary’s Rose 
Garden, with its wonderful 
displays. Throughout the 
summer there are perfor- 
mances of Shakespeare in the 
park’s open air theatre. But if 
you go, take a blanket or a 
warm coat. Nights in Lon- 
don, even in midsummer, can 
sometimes be chilly. 



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London W1 
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After your Walk 

And if it is in Green Park at 
its Piccadilly end where you 
choose to end your morning 
walk, it is only a hundred 
yards or so to Ormond’s 
restaurant off Jexxnyn Street. 
Try their refreshing Kir to 


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revive you and give an edge to 
your appetite. 

The medallions of pork 
with calvados sauce and 
garnished with an apple and 
raspberry purfe, is piquant 
and perfect. So is Ormond’s 
plain entreedte of beef which 
they griQ to suit your personal 
taste. But what makes 
Ormond’s unusual, if not 


What began as an 
adventure in 1906 by four 
enthusiastic young men of the 
ArpeJs and Van Geef 
families, Has become one of 
ibe world’s great jewellery 
e m p ire s with salons not only 
in France and fHe United 
States, but Geneva, Rome, 
Madrid, Lugano, Brussels, 
Hong Kong, Tokyo, Kuwait 
and, of coarse, London. 

In New Bond Street there is 
a unique combination of 
inventiveness, innovation . . . 
and style. Their individual 
sports watches combine 
functional efficiency with 


Zh Corson Street, at No. 
49, you find Marks Antiques 
where the collection and 

of that most English of games. 

Their rentals are usually for dicker, as well as a nve 
a minimum of six months, bedroom apartment, with two 

and mare often a year. Peer- 

selection of superb silver man offers a full back up ma- 
includes something to satisfy nagement service including 

every taste and pocket. 

When I was there recently 

payment of all utilities such as 
li ghting and heating, regular 

pride of place was given ro the inspections, daily maid ser- 
Satyr Suite by Leonard Morel vice, stocking the apartment 

'Ladeuil consisting of nine with toiletries and groceries, 
exoticly designed pieces that plus laundry and dry clea- 

receptaon rooms, _ mree 
bathrooms and a kitchen, 
dose to Park Lane, for £1,000 
a week. 

An apartment close to 
Berkeley Square is available at 
£2,250 per week. 

There is something for 
everyone in London. 



■ ^4 Y\ 

formed a centre piece for a 
large dining table in solid 
silver and heavy cut glass and 
dating from 1895. Price: 
£96,000. There were other 
pieces costing less than £100. 

But at Marks it does not 
matter how much, or how 
iitde, you spend. They will 
always offer back your money 
if, for any reason, you are 
dissatisfied with your pur- , 
chase, or change your mind. 

Liberty’s in Regent Street, 
which has five branches in 
America, reports booming 
sales of furniture and fabrics 
and collectors’ pewter. And ax 
Selfridges they find that one 
of the number one attractions 
for visiting Americans is 
British jam which visitors 
insist represents unbeatable 

Tax Free 

Your’e just a 
couple of 
blocks away from 
a small part 
of Sweden. 


Functional efficiency with refinement is the thane of 
these watches at Van Cleef &At pels in New Bond Street. 

uniq ue, among London’s top 
restaurants is that they do “nor 
mind if you order only a 
single course. A section of 
their menu is called ‘starters 
and mains* and they are 
happy to serve you large or 
small portions of delicacies 
Eke fettucine, roarinara, 
smoked salmon, eggs 
benedict or smoked chicken 
salad with honey vinaigrette. 

Even closer to where your 
walk ends in Green Fade is 
Greens at 36 Duke Street, a 
short distance from Fortnum 
& Mason. This was originally 
Green’s Champagne and 
Oyster Bar, but after three 
overcrowded years, it was 
unable to accommodate 
its continually increasing 

Now there is also a 
restaurant where Beth 
Coventry offers a choice of 
two soups at lunchtime to be 
followed by what she calk 
‘typically English nursery 

refinement. Made in gold and 
steel, they are extremely flat 
with a central second hand 
and the date on the larger 
men’s model. They are also 
water resistant. Even the 
watch's strap has individu- 
ality with no fewer than 283 
components for the men’s 
watch and 265 in the ladies’ 

The jewelled pieces mix 
sophistication with the 
ingenious and have led to an 
ideal marriage of good taste 
with eye catching appeal that 
has won worldwide wnciaim 
for everything from Van Qeef 
& Axpels. 

Close by in Old Bond 
Street’s Royal Arcade is 
Charbonnel and Walker 
which has the distinction of 
being in the Guinness Book of 
Records as selling the most 
expensive chocolates in the 
world. They might easily have 
added, the best. There are 32 
centres from which to choose 

Getting around London, 
like any other major dry, can 
sometimes be a problem. 
Taxis are usually at a 
premium whenever you need 
them urgently and public 
transport can be irregular. 
Best of all is driving your own 
car. It is almost always 
quicker in the end. Among 
the best deals available in 
London are on offer from 
Town and Country whose 
prices are low and whose 
choice is wide. They have 
more than 50 models in their 
range from a Fiesta to a 
Ferrari. The former costs 
only £14.50 a day and the 
latter £185. In between there 
are die delights of an Alfa 
Romeo, Porsche or Mercedes 
380SL, or there is a Rolls at 
£295 or a Lamborghini at 
£270 a day. 

Town and Country also 
offers comprehensive insur- 
ance and full Automobile As- 
sociation breakdown service. 

Based in Mayfoir W.l. 

Volvo Export have a direct 
computer link to Sweden and are able 
to sell you a fabulous Volvo at 
Tax-Free factory prices! 

We even include FREE shipment to the 
States plus the customs hassle dealt with 
and a factory warranty that is truly 
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our prices, we could save you 
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Dining Out 

» jX’uLl 


DefighfftJ restaurerrt lucked cwoy 
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6, Ormond Yard SW1. off Duke of 
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Home from Home 

And when day is done, 
where to lay your head? 

Not everyone likes hotels. 


94 Gfosvenor Rood. WWtmhstar. 
CoamopoBtan food Horn Fcr and 
Mticfle East. Europe and the 
Americas. Rec by Mfchefin. Gouff 
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WWftlfc i 

treats’ under the heading of and each is not only hand 
Dish of the Day. Her made, but hand shaped, too. 

selection includes shepherd’s 
pie, oxtail stew, steak and 
kidney pudding and Green’s 
now famous fish cakes which 
are made, they tell me, to a 
secret recipe. 

For businessmen who want 
a private room, owner Simon 
Parker Bowles will lead them 
to a cosy room downstairs 
with its own bar. Executives 
can choose their menu and the 
wines (0 complement it. The 
room is available for lunch 
and dinner. So is the 

Afternoons in London are 
for shopping. The only 
problem is where to begin 
. . . and when to stop. There 
are few large stores in the 

There are boxes for every 
occasion whether you are 
going to the theatre, being 
invited out for dinner or 
simply want to say thank you 
in a distinctive way. 

One of their executives told 
me that more than 65 per cent 
erf their customers are men. 
He did not explain whether 
they bought for others, or if 
many international business- 
men simply have a sweet 

In the Burlington Arcade 
you discover the finest 
displays of classic cashmeres 
for both men and women, as 
well as the pads of the pipes 
and a shop that is realty a 
palace of pewter. Not for 

RrababV the mast prestigious 

Chinese restaurant- to Europe 
highly thought ot by over 150 
Chinese end Far-Eastern delega- 
tions who dne hare. The only 
restaurant featured by ’New York 
Times’. ’GoutmeT ervi "People's 
Dotty" of Beqng. Cuisine features afl 
4 cuDnav regions of Chna. Res 
essential 67-<fl Ebury St. Betgravta. 

SW1. Tel: 01-730 7734. 



Chwnpogne. oysters and cotd 
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For the serious gourmet... 


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This is the third in a series of advertising features on 
London which will be appearing on alternate Fridays. 
We shall endeavour to cover all aspects erf the busy 
London scare with particular emphasis on the facilities 
which have special appeal for visitors to Britain’s 

For full details regarding subject matter of future 
London sections and advertising rates, please contact- 

Saffyan Child 

In ternational Jfegald Tribune, 

63 Long Acre, London WC2 
TeL- 01-836 4802 Telex: 262009 



on the 


Qpcfl Tiwidey to Sunder 
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129 OnMNr Road, London S.W.1 . 
TA. 834 1621. 


Page 5l 

Thr Associated Pres 

Africa acknowledged Thursday 
that its forces still operate deep 
inside Angpla, but would not con- 
firm a report by the government- 
run Angolan news agency that a 
South African commando had 
been captured and two odors had . 
been killed while bn a sabotage 

Direct Dialing 
For Foreigners 

The Associated Prat . 

MOSCOW — Direct dialing 
by foreigners telephoning the. 
West, a service that began with 
the 1980 Olympics and then 
was suspended two years later, 
is slowly being restored. 

West German business of- 
fices were among the first to 
regain direct dialing, starting 
last year. At least three U.S. 
businesses recently received it . 
and five more expect it within 

The loss Of direct dialing in 
the summer of 1982 has been a 
sore point for business repre- 
sentatives and the subject has 
been repeatedly raised by gov- 
ernment delegations in trade 

It was raised again this week 
by Secretary of Commerce Mal- 
colm Baldrige of the United 
States, who left Wednesday af- . 
ter attending the first meeting 
of the U.SL-U.S.SJR. joint com- 
mercial commission in seven 
years. - 

Until Thursday morning, a 
spokesman for the South African 
Defense Farce had denied the re- 
port by the ANGOP news agency. 

South Africa said April 17 that it 
bad withdrawn aU .of its forces from 
Angola. . - 

The news agency-said that the 
three, South Africans, carrying 
weapons and linnet, mines; were ' 
caught Tuesday , in Cabinda prov- 
ince,, atiny reveal enclave north of 
tiie Congo River and detached 
from the rest of Angola. 

ANGOP said that the comman- 
dos planned to sabotage the Mar 
Iongp oQ complex. " 

' The chief of the Defense Force, 
General Constant! Vfljoen, said in 
a statement, “The defense face is 
involved in gathering information 
about bostfledements. 

“Eor. tins., purpose;**; . he said, 
“small dements of the defense 
force art deployed to gather this 
information. At -the moment, there 
is concern because contact with 

sudi a smaQdemexrt has been bro- 
ken.” ■ 

General Vfljoen added that the 
unit was operating “south and 
north of Luanda,*’ but did not elab- 
orate. . 

The Defense Force spokesman 
said, “Weta still denying the alle- 
gation” that South African com- 
mandos were on a sabotage mis- 

Angola’s Marxist government, 
led by President Josfc Eduardo dos 
Santos, is ■ fighting a ciril war 
against South African-backed 
guerrillas. Sooth African troops op- 
erated in southern Angola for two 
yean; fig hting Mark insurgents 
seeking independence for South- 
West Africa, or Namibia, who at- 
tacked South African pants from 

Angolan bases. 

U.S. May Admit More Cambodians 

1 5, 000 Refugees Barred as Risks May Be Reviewed Again 

lhtendMd ftrsr 

Mayor Jfirgen Sdurich of Scbedririgen with a copy of the Stern article. 

U.S. Rebuffs Stem’s Charge of Missile Deceit 

United Press laentadontd 

HAMBURG, West Germany — The United 
States has denied & magazine report that it intends 
to deploy in West Germany more than the 108 
Pershmg-2 nudear missiles approved by die North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

The repot, published Wednesday in Stem, said 
a Pershing-2 training m«ntMii discarded in a gar- 
bage can by an Amencan soldier disclosed plans to 
go over the Knrit set by NATO in 1979. 

Stern said the 230-page manual — “Pershing n. 
New Equipment Training” — revealed that the 
U.S. Army planned tostore extra Tni«fles in a 
secret depot m WeQerbach. 

The mayo of the town of Schechingen, Jflrgen 
Schaich, said the U.S. militar y police Had langned 
at him when he called them and said tbs handbo ok 
had beat found in nearby Lemzefl. Mr. Schaich 
then telephoned Stem. 

Stern, often critical of the United States and an 
opponent of NATO nudear policy, said the man- 
urn explained why the Pentagon had ordered 258 
Pershing-2s from the manufacturer. 

The U.S. Array European headquarters in Hei- 
delberg rejected the allegations described die 
mannal as “a Student t raining guide." 

“As has been stated many tinv« the United 
States is deploying 108 Pershing-2 missiles in West 
Germany to replace Per shing - la missies on a one- 
for-one basis in accordance with a Hmww made 
by NATO in 1979." the army statement said. 

*The manual, which is dated 1983, does not fully 
portray current U.S. Army doctrine or operating 

NATO approved deployment of the Pershing-2s 
and 464 erase missiles in West Germany, Italy, the 
Netherlands, Britain and Belgium to nmmtnr a 
buildup in Soviet SS-20 rockets. 

By Bernard Gwertzman 

Ne v York Tima Serrice 

WASHINGTON — Reagan ad- 
ministration officials say they are 
examining a possibility that some 
of 15,000 Cambodian refugees in 
Thailand who have been ruled inel- 
igible for entry to the United States 
may deserve a second screening. 

As the United Slates prepares to 
wind down its program fa the ref- 
ugees, Secretary of State George P. 
Shultz has been studying the pro- 
gram. He plans to dismiss the issue 
Friday with the Thai foreign minis- 
ter, Air Chief Marshal Siddhi Sa- 

In the meantime, Mr. Shultz’s , 
aides are dealing with a letter sent I 
to President Ronald Reagan on 
Tuesday by two key members of 
the House Foreign Affairs Com- 
mittee, asking whether the refugee 
program was perhaps being ended 
too soon. 

The letter was signed by Repre- 
sentative Stephen J. Solaiz, Demo- 
crat of New York, who is chairman 

of the subcommittee on Asia, and 
Representative Jim Leach. Repub- 
lican of Iowa. It said that the refu- 
gee screening program, under 
which 15,000 Cambo dians have 
been barred as security risks, was 
inconsistent with guidelines issued 
by the administration in 1983. 

They said they believed that “a 
compassionate review of the rejcct- 
ed ewys would find many deserv- 
ing people to be admissible and 
would allow them to become pro- 
ductive ritfwrK of this country as 
oar refugee program intended. 4 

A State Department official said 
Wednesday tfim the main problem 
involved Cambodians who might 
have been Hnk*d to the irhnwr 

Rouge, the forces led by Pol Pol 
T he Khmer Rouge forces have 
been accused of widespread geno- 
cide during their years in power, 
from 1975 to 1979. 

Of 25.000 refugees in the main 
camp in Thai] and, 2,000 have yet to 
be interviewed, 4,300 are being per- 
mitted to stay even though the 
Thais have not given them official 
refugee status and 4.000 are be- 
lieved to have been accepted by 
various countries. 

Mr. Solaiz and Mr. Leach raised 
a possibility for admission of some 
of 230,000 Camb odians who had 
been in border camps and crossed 
into Thailand recently to escape 
military action os the Cambodian 

side. Some may have family mem- 
bers in the United States. 

■ Troop Pullback Reported 

Vietnamese soldiers who intrud- 
ed into southeastern T hailan d early 
this month have withdrawn to 
Cambodia, leaving at least 1 7 bod- 
ies, The Associated Press reported 
from Bangkok, quoting a Thai 

Rear Admiral Sakchai Kaew- 
jinda, the spokesman, said that 
Thai marines had completed an op- 
eration to flush out the intruders. 
Thai officers had reported that 
about 800 to 1.000 Vietnamese in- 
truded into Thailand on May 4. 

Eight Thais were killed and 65 
were wounded, the admiral said. 



r « ^ ot tne U-5L-U.ix.5Jv. joint can- west Africa, or Narmtna, wno at- at him when he called them and said the handbook and 464 cruise missiles m West Germany, Italy, the . Wednesday tnai me mai 

tfh M ■ ua>4 <| modal commission in seven tacked South African points from had been fotmd in nearby Twnyrfi Mr. Schairh Netherlands, Britain and B elgium to a involved Cambodians t 

Ilivll A years. Angolan bases. then telephoned Stem. buildup in Soviet SS-20 rockets. have been linked to tl 


France’s Educational System Is Undergoing a Crash Course in Reform 

: *i\ irnm (Cooflnned from Page 1) Traditionally at the left, they are want their cfriklrea to learn the sons had been only a series of sto- tional background, and many are sued a presidential repc 

-T “Hj support for establishments . with the bac kbone of the Socialist Party, work habit- oes as unanebored in time as fairy immigrants" children who pose mending that French sc 

■ a - poor reputations. But teachers are also notorious “There won’t be any changes tales. problems of cultural assimilation, universities be allowed U 

fl (1 1 1 If these two seem uneasy comps- for what an official cads “colossal here,” said a headmistress in anotb- But these highly visible and wd- As a result, 40 percent of French openly fa students. 

I Sul I U<1I I ny fnr Fr wnrh Socialistt, Mr (Tw. ~ bnreaucratic inertia” and cynicism er neighborhood, “because Fve aT ccme changes, Mr. Rotman says, -pupifr leave school at 16, the mini- The implication is th 
■ venexnent has ready rejoinders. . about ministers’ powers to effect ways had my teachers use tradi- do not come to grips with the fun- mum age. Only a third erf French tions would specialize, h 

“Who can tolerate a system in changes in the classroom. . tional methods anyway.” damental social changes in French youngsters get a high school dqdo- emphasize their staff sti 

f *| |I*fl Much 20 percent of : 12-year-old “Education ministers come and Progressive teachers are just as classrooms. ma. Few of them have learned meet regional needs. 1 

■ * *• rhilrirm rannnt randT he mid m- bo faster than a Driest can bless determined to' retain some of their France’s renutation for stronv enoueh to be able to urofit from some diolomas would 

1) Traditionally an the left, they are want their children to learn the 
B with the backboneaf the Socialist Party, work habit. 

But teachers are also notorious “There won’t be any changes 
compa- far what an official cads “colossal here,” said a headmistress in anoth- 
fc. Che- . bnreaucratic inertia” and cynkasm er neighborhood, “because Fve aT 

support fa estabtishmests with the backbone of the Socialist 

l poor reputations. our teacnere are aiso l 

If these y* 7 n uneasy nn^np a. far what an official calls cuossai 

ny fa French Mr fv.' bnreaucratic inertia” and cynkasm 

venement Hnc ready rejoinders. about .ministers’ powers to effect 

“Who can a system in c hang es in the classroom, 

which 20 percent of : 12-year-old “Education ministers c 

sons had been only a series of sto- tional background, and many are sued a presidential report recom- 
nes as unanebored in time as fairy immigrants’ children who pose mmdmg that French schools and 
tales. problems of cultural assimilatio n universities be allowed to compete 

ways had my teachers use tradi- 
tional methods anyway.” 
Progressive teachers are just as 


But these highly visible and wel- 
come changes, Mr. Rotman says, 

As a result, 40 percent of French openly fa students. 

come change, Mr. Rotman says, -pupils leave school at 16, the mini- Th 
do not came to grips with the fun- mum age. Only a third of French tions 

if** *ry pna 1 *.' 


which 20 percent of : 12-year-old “Education ministers come and Progressive teachers are just as 
children cannot read?” he said re- 8° faster than a priest can bless determined to retain some of their 
centhr on television. “If one learns th em,” s aid the headmistress in die experiments, 
nothing in primary school, there is Montpa r nasse school. Excesses, they all aj^eed, are Mr. 

little chance that one Mil ever learn The teachers' inertia protected Gievfcnemenfs target A lot of 
how to learn.” many rchods from the laxness that younger teachers are less motivated 

It is easy for Mr. Chevtoement followed the student revolt in May than their predecessors and need 
to defend what Ik calls his “repnb- 1968. In the Montparnasse school, more disripfine, two headmistress- 

leave school at 16, the mini- The impScation is that institu- 
ige. Only a third of French tions would specialize, in order to 
damental social changes in French youngsters get a high school dipk>- emphasize their staff strengths a 
classrooms. ma. Few of them have learned meet regional needs. Inevitably, 

France’s reputation fa strong enough to be able to profit from some diplomas would acquire a 
educatio n has rested partly on the occupational training courses in higher reputation than others and 
system’s restrictiveness: Semen- new technologies such as compel- attract additional funds, 
laiy schools have been good, but at ers, Mr. Rotman says. The college's recommendations 

Excesses, they all agreed, are Mr 

The teachers’ inertia protected Gievfenemenfs target A lot of 
many schools from the laxness that younger teachers are less motivated 

sdecessors and need 

to defend what be calls his “repub- 1968. In the Mon tparnasse school, more discipline, two headmistress- 
lican elitism,” because of his back- 8-year-olds have a fide homework es said, 
ground as the head of the Marxist every night. Although, homework On direct instructions from Mr. 
wing of the Socialist Party, creden- for the voy young has been forbid- Mitterrand, French elementary 
rials that have stood him in good den by the ministry ance 1956, the schools have restored dates in his- 
siead with France’s schooi t eacncra. headmistress says most parents tory classes. After 1968, history ks- 

oue time few French children went Overhauling the system seems 
beyond six years' education. beyond France’s budget Educa- 
S tarring about I960, however, tion already consumes nearly one- 

new technologies such as comput- attract additional funds, 
ers, Mr. Rotman says. The college's T emnraMmflatinm 

Overhauling the system seems amount to a radical departure from 
beyond France’s budget Educa- the French tradition of uniformity 

high school entry barriers cram- fifth of government expenditures, 
bled. In a generation the number of The most daring su g ge s tion fa 
high school students has multiplied solving this problem has come fron 

schools and universities. 
High Mr. Mitterrand avoid- 

Tbe most daring suggestion fa ed endorsing these conclusions, he 
solving this problem has come from tadtly sainted them by visiting the 

den by the ministry since 1956, die schools have restored dates in his- by five. Most of these children the College of France, a faculty of college last month when the report 
headmistress says most parents toy classes. After 1968, history les- come from homes with little educa- research professors, which has is- wasissued. 

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Policy vs. Pork Barrels: Congress Funds U.S. Defense 



af Mhings have go 
tl f’TOUrn* C '3aid Mr. Aspin, 
y v Pentagon in th 

(Continued from Page l) 

left, and Tm not sure we’re able to 
do that,” said Representative Trent 
Lott of Mississippi, the assistant 
House minority trader. 

Many lawmakers agree with Mr. 
Lou that they are ill equipped to 
manage the Pentagon budget, but 
the tendency to play politics is only 
■ one reason. Legislators who have 
prime responsibility fa Pentagon 
spending agree that they focus far 
too much on detail and not neariy 
enough on the broad sweep of mili- 
tary policy and priorities. 

As Sonata Sam Nunn of Geor- 
gia, the ranking Democrat on the 
Armed Services Committee, said 
recently, “We are spending most of 
*- our time looking at the grains of 
' sand on the beach, and we are not 
looking at the ocean a bolting 
over the horizon.” 

That is starting to change a bit as 
a new generation of congressional 
experts, including Mr. Nunn and 
Representative Les Aspin, the new 
chairman of tta House Armed Ser- 
vices Committee, take larger roles 
on Capitol H3L Mr. Aspin, a Wis- 
consin Democrat, created a new 
panel within his committee this 
year that would examine long- 

lnhis view! Congress should act 
as a bard of directors overseeing 
Pentagon policy. “And we should 
assert ourselves when we drink 
Mhings have gotten screwed up,” 
'Said Mr. Aspin. who worked at the 

'Said Mr. Aspin, who worked at the 
{ Pentagon in the late 1960s before 
t his decrial to Congress. 

/ He concedes, however, that it 
I* will be next year at the earliest 
i before Congress begins to change 
its procedures. The lawmakers now 
are evaluating more than $300 bit 
lion m military spending proposals, 
and their main question probably is 
the one mentioned by Mr.Addab- 
bo: Who gets what? 

Mr. Lott's district on the Gulf 
Coast of Mississippi includes the 
Ingalls Shipyard, Keester Air Force 
Base and a variety of smaller uriK- 
tary installations- AH told, 24,000 
jobs in the area depend on mffilary 

srvndfng . and he acknowledges 

that he wifi weigh his desire to 
* reduce ther federal defeat against 
' his impulse to protect Ms constitu- 

“It is tough to balance thai. M said 
Mr. Lott, whose father once 
worked at the Ingalk Shipyard in 
his hometown of Pasca g oula, Mis- 
sissq^“You’re talking about ala 

According to Mr. Addabbo, mil- 
itary contractors like Rockwell 
have grown increasingly shrewd 
about spreading their subcontracts 
as broadly as possible. The result is 
,a largo 1 constituency in Congress 
' 4 br contractors’ activities. _ 

Military contractors, also have 
bolstered them barganm^g poatioii 
with Congress by establishing po- 
litical action comzmtzees and vastly 
increasing canqurign contributions. 
The 20 Tarast' contractors have 

doubled their donations since Mr. 
Reagan took office in January 

Fred Wertheimer, president of 
Common Cause/ the public- affairs 
lobbying organization, said the 
contributions were “a critical part 
of die lobbying process 

But lawmakers historically have 
viewed the military budget^ a 

ttahTdistricts. Mr. Addab^o him- 
self, a strong critic of military 
spending, has looked out fa the 
interests of the Grumman Corp^ 
an aerospace manufacturer on 
Long Island that has workers in his 
Queens district in New York City. 

Throughout much of his public 
career. Hairy M. Jackson was 
known as the “Senator from 
Boeing* became of his outspoken 
support fa Boeing, an airplane 
manufacturer based in Washing- 
tor, the state he represented until 
his death on Sept. 1, 1983. Repre- 
sentative Norman D. Dicks, anoth- 
er member of tbe< Appropriations 
Subcommittee on Defense, has 
continued to dpfond Boring's inter- 
ests on Capitol HDL 

• Representative Mervyn M. Dy- 
nmOy, a California Democrat, is 
the only member of the Congres- 
sional Black Caucus who some- 
times votes in favor of the MX 
missile. Several contractors in and 
around his Long Beach district 

- make parts of the weapon. 

In the last Congress, one of the 
key votes fathexmsrile was cast by 

who conceded that he was voting in 
favor of jobs for bis district. But he 
was not re-elected Iran November. 

• Lawmakers who defend defense 
program that jxonmte jobs in 
their districts join with die Penta- 
gon and nrihu^ contractors to 
fom whathasbeeri called an “iron 
triangle” of powerful interests. Ail 
are united behind the pre- 
serving a particular chunk, of the 

militar y h ndgw 

“The sendees come tip here and 
say we need so many fighters and 
roll^^Il^oqatelS, ,, smdRcpre- 
se nt arive Fattiaa Schrocder, Dan- 
ocrat ot Cdorado: “They sit there 

with all that braid, and it’s very 
difficult to raiseyour hand and say, 
‘General, I think you’re wrong’” 

According to Senator Dan 
Quayle of Indiana, a Republican 
member of the Armed Services 
Committee, aD this “adds up to an 
intensity facto” that budget-cut- 
ters amply cannot ™idi 

The tendency to preserve whole 
programs is enhan c ed because 
Congress seldom examines Penta- 
gon proposals before it is asked to 
commit funds to purchase large 
numbers of specific weapons. 

“Once it gets into the procure- 
ment stage, a system develops a life 
of its own,” said Representative 
Dave McCurdy of Oklahoma, a 
Democrat who is becoming in- 
creasingly influential on military 
matters. “There’s no way you can 
make much of a difference except 
on the margins.” 

As a result, when Congress sets 
out to trim the Pentagon budget, 
most of the saving? are reafizedby 
stretching out ana deferring major 
purchases. For example, instead of 
canceling the C-I7 cargo plane out- 
right, die lawmakers simply deride 
to buy fewer planes in a given fiscal 
year. ; 

“We do it because it’s easy,” said 
Mr. McCurdy. “You don’t have to 
make choices, and you don’t have 
to alienate your friends.” 

Most members of Congress 
agree with Mr. Nunn’s observation 
that such a practice “causes monu- 
mental inefficiency” by raising the 
cost of each item purchased. More- 
over, the weapon system remains 
alive, ready to soak np more funds 
in the next budget year. 

Bm few lawmakers bold out 
much hope of diminatmg tbfi pork- 
barrel aspect of rmlitaiy spending. 
Whal they do think they can 
change is the huge amount of time 
they speed on “micromanaging” 
the Pentagon budget. 

■ Some suggest that the budget, 
should extend fa two years, in- 
stead of one. Others Hie Represen- 
tative Jim Coorter, a New Jersey 
Republican who has been a critic of 
the Pentagon, contend that the cur- 
rent procedure under which imfi- 
tary spending must be authorized . 

and funded through separate bills 
tan be condensed. 

“Congress would then be able to 
.look at the broader questions that 
they don’t have time for right 
now,” said Mr. Cocrter. 

Congressional procedures 
change slowly, however, and to 
many lawmakers, the best chance 
of mating a more reasoned judg- 
ment about military spending in 
the near future rests with the new 
leaders, particularly Mr. Nunn and 
Mr. Aspin. 

Both of these experts in military 
policy are 46 years old; they 
reached political maturity at t he 
time of the Vietnam war, not 
World War H, and they take a 
ranch more skeptical view of the 
Pentagon than their oredeocssos. 
As Mr. McCurdy put h, “They’ve 
definitely taken the robber out of 
the rubber stamp in Congress.” 

Next: Changing the incentive sys- 



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Page 6 

PtabbM 11 k Yorii 11m and IV Waaliiii^ Pbet 

Trans-Atlantic Farm War? 

America is about to subsidize farm ex- 
ports, giving part of its government stock- 
pile to traders wbo can then sell more cheap- 
ly abroad. This is partly an attack on the 
European Community, judged unwilling to 
discuss current disputes meaningfully, and 
partly an effort to prevent America’s farm 
lobby from pressing for even stronger action 
in a pre-election year. Is it simply a warning 
to Europe, or the start of a real fight? 

The present action is relatively mild — a 
S2-bfllion dumping program stretched out 
over three years. The EC devotes some $5 
billion to food export subsidies each year. 

Neither figure reveals the full profligacy 
of government support for fanners. The 
Community spends about 514 billion, a year 
to enable its fanners to go on producing 
lakes of unwanted wine, mountains of beef 
and butter and dunes of cereals and sugar, 
and it is busy destroying unsalable stocks of 
citrus fruit it has purchased. The United 
States has recently been spending between 
S10 and SI 9 billion a year on income sup- 
port for farmers, with costly programs rang- 
ing from peanuts and tobacco to dairy farm- 
ing. In financial terms there has been little 
difference in the balance of extravagance. 

The Europeans probably have the more 
difficult problem, in the sense that they have 
approximately the same adult population 
but twice as many farmers. Against the orig- 
inal sin™ of the Community, they have de- 
voted their protection money less to helping 
farmers get more efficient or get out than to 
guaranteeing high prices — which discour- 
ages them from doing either. 

It would be foolish to expect farm polity 
to have purely economic objectives. It is 
largely a branch of sodal policy, expressly 
designed to protect farmers against the 
worst vagaries of the markets. But any social 
policy has to be judged by the efficiency 

with which it achieves its ends, and current 

farm policy fails that test 

Price supports and subsidies favor the big, 
relatively efficient fanners more than the 
struggling. In America nearly half the feder- 
al payments to agriculture are absorbed by 
13 percent of the farmers; other farmers 
benefit little because they produce little, yet 
they are sorely in need. Waste and inequity 
are similar ly marked in Europe. Greater 
selectivity would cut costs and end the pro- 
cess — which Europe has carried to ex- 
tremes —of subsidizing excess output which 

governments can then only dump below cost 

on fo reign markets or use for compost. 

There were signs a year ago that Europe 
was becoming less profligate, but reform has 
not yet been vigorous. West Germany's pre- 
sent refusal to cut cereal prices in the face of 
glut is particularly dispiriting. In America 
there are sweeping government proposals to 
cut price supports and loans and force farm- 
ers to export aggressively if they wish to 
survive. These plans may be emaciated by 
rnnfl rwre But adoption, even in modified 
form, will convert Europe’s present policies 
bom an irritant to a major problem for 
American fanners. And for Europe the cost 
of existing farm policy wiQ soar — particu- 
larly if, in the meantime, the dollar falls. The 

two sides may be on a collision course. 

With goodwill, and a rational approach 
by both sides, a decent solution could be 
found: It would cushion the marginal farm- 
er, but decreasingly over the years, and 
avoid an international contest to dump sur- 
plus products abroad. Hie trouble is that 
when every farmer is thought to be a margin- 
al voter, goodwill and reason are both at a 
discoun t This is why the present American 
measures, only a arid punch in the snout, 
could herald a damaging war. 


Reagan’s Hostage Crisis 

Work with anybody who may be able to 
help; use private and unpublicized channels; 
keep hoping for the best . . . That is not an 
exhilarating formula. It prolongs the agony for 
the families of four Americans and two French 
citizens cruelly held hostage by terrorists in 
Lebanon. It leaves unresolved the dil emma of 
bow to negotiate with terrorists while not re- 
warding them. And it does not explain the 
Reagan administration's passivity in respond- 
ing to Iran's tacit approval of hijacking. That 
formula, however, is the best that the adminis- 
tration can devise for dealing with Islamic holy 
war zealots. President Reagan, it turns out, is 
every bit as frustrated as President Carter was 
by the 1979 U.S. Embassy seizure in Tehran. 

The difference is that the Carter Hostages 
.stayed In the concentrated glare of the world 
spotlight. The "students" who invaded the 
embassy were supported by Iran's govern- 
ment, and America’s h umilia tion was rubbed 
in nightly by television. The Reagan hostages 
are held by ghostly figures in unknown places. 
Kidnapped in Beirut months ago, they include 
a U-S- Embassy official, a reporter, a minister 
and the local director of Catholic Relief Ser- 
vices. No one assails Mr. Reagan for speaking 
softly and trying to enlist unofficial go- 
betweens hire the Reverend Jesse Jackson. 

Another country has been entangled in the 
negotiations. Kuwait courageously tracked 
down and convicted 17 terrorists responsible 

for bombing American and French embassies 
in 1983. Unless it cow frees the 17, the Beirut 
kidnappers threaten to kill the hostages. Last 
December, Kuwait’s moderate regime rejected 
that demand when hijackers diverted a Ku- 
waiti airliner to Iran. So once again it must 
calculate the risk of reprisal. 

All this calls for sympathy as the White 
House lodes for a light in a jungle. The admin- 
istration's occasional bhister notwithstanding, 
there are no easy remedies for terrorism. Secre- 
tary of State George Shultz’s bad idea of 
reprisal raids is a case in point. It probably 
spawned the recent embarrassing headlines 
about American involvement with a Lebanese 
gang that attempted free-lance murders. Sure- 
ty a better idea is to punish terrorism lawfully. 

There is a dear opportunity now pending, 
involving Iran, that arises from the hijacking 
of that Kuwaiti airliner, when two Americans 
were killed. The hijackers were arrested and 
the State Department demanded that Iran try 
the hijackers, as required by agreements it had 
signed. Nearly six months later, the hijackers 
have yet to be tried. The United States still 
issues hollow protests — but has not yet called 
for an international boycott of Tehran’s air- 
port, the lawful remedy. One can imagine what 
Ronald Reagan might have said, running 
against Jimmy Carter, about such a limp se- 
quel to a national affront. 


Helping to Save Topsoil 

As Congress gets down to writing a new 
farm bill, one of the few points of general 
agreement is that it makes no sense to subsi- 
dize farming on highly fragile land. Deciding 
what to do about it is another matter. The 
Senate Agriculture Committee will soon be 
considering amendments that, taken together, 
could help save both fanners and topsoil 
Wind- and water-caused erosion met or sur- 
passed records last year in areas from the 
Pacific Northwest to the Southeast. Almost 
half of America's cropland is losing soil faster 
than it can be replaced. Many specialists worry 
that erosion will worsen as financially pressed 
farmers abandon conservation measures and 
as more farmland falls into the hands of absen- 
tee owners. Nothing can be done about bad 
weather, but much can be done about the 
farming practices and congressional policies 
that increase the weather's toll in lopsoiL 
A few years ago Senator William Armstrong 
drew congressional attention to the fact that 
farm subsidies tied to crop production had 

encouraged the plowing up of millions of acres 
of fragile grasslands while adding to unneeded 
and expensive aop surpluses. A more self- 
defeating set of policies is hand to imagine. 

The Armstrong bill failed to dear Congress 
last year, but proposals now offered by Sena- 
tors Jesse Helms, Robert Kasten and Richard 
Lugar would not only accomplish the purpose 
of the original bOl but strengthen it significant- 
ly- Most important are provisions to dory all 
federal subsidies to fanners who plow highly 
credible land — with exceptions given only to 
land farmed in the last five years, and then 
only if conservation practices were used — and 
establish a reserve that would permanently 
convert 30 million of the most credible acres to 
less damaging use. T aking these lands out of 
production would be a boon to the environ- 
ment and would help boost farmers’ incomes 
and ait taxpayers' costs by avoiding produc- 
tion of surplus crops. Congress does not get 
many chances to do so much good so qukkty. 



1910: The French Invest in America 
PARIS — Evidences in increasing number 
have been afforded recently of (he willingness 
of French financiers to purchase American 
securities and float American bonds. The situ- 
ation which such instances presage would 
seem to be the most natural in the world. In the 
past each nation has given unmistakable proof 
of its friendship for the other. That they should 
berm the most amicable terms in a business as 
well as a political sense is not only logical but 
altogether desirable. Willingness to lend mon- 
ey or to purchase bond issues to further new 
projects is based, primarily, on confidence, 
and France and the United States have every 
reason to entertain this feeling for one another. 
France has money to lend and invest; America 
offers opportunities for profitable investment 

1935: Two Views ol Relief Spending 
WASHINGTON — It is said that the nearly 
five billion dollars now turned over to Presi- 
dent Fra nk l in D. Roosevelt to expend guaran- 
tees his election next year.Theprocess through 
which the Administration profits politically by 
relief funds does not lie primarily in the expec- 
tation that rhe beneficiaries will vote for the 
source of their relief. What happens is that 
local Organizations, such as chambers of com- 
merce. see that nearly 55,000,000,000 is going 
to be spent. They “go after” their share of the 
money. But chambers of commerce and ot her 
bodies which a year ago thought in terms of 
getting money tend now to think in terms of 
paying the bilL The country has become "pub- 
lic debt conscious." It may be that Americans 
will vote on the side of the economy. 


JOHN HAY WHITNEY, Ouurmw 1958-1982 




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To Be of Several Minds 

By Joseph Kraft 

some awkward tiring about Aran- *™^ arioa l £o ni *c policy would 
can naval vadiTeU ; -J* ^Lse naval ties with Japan, 

can naval vessels rawuis „„ n rnmi*e naval ties with Japan, • 

^^hSrtrict roles agaiMcafcty. £ . M f H- 

last week postponed 71511 ^ ^th nuclear arms. It was also#: > ^ >. 

of three destroyers wSimu. SELd out that the United States 

T7»e two actions scented casual ai- 

led out that the United States 
broken defense relations With 

. • jflfrV.-r*- 

m«t lazy, like game PjpF 1 ** New Zealand when Prime Minster 
swimmers under water. But in tact T ntiM imieiMl nn a«nnniw 

thty announce anew a^S^ons St ^riritilgUSw destroyer did not 


betweeu Begmg MQ wasmngiOT. The Chinese did not yidd. On the 

R«iaM R«i«ran came to OinCc Say- l “ , ' 4 TT 1 

- con^r^®bWia Australia 

me such kind thinzs about laiwan wuu 


poopm f HpL . _ 

Democracy Is Alien to Central America 

The complained that Mr. 

Reagan's unlimited: support gave Tai- 
wan no incentive to reach a political 
settlement with China. 

Those mmplaimg were resolved on 

doWtSveS S of a multiple mudtfe 
SSSIlhSu For one dung, the Chmese are 
wreacnapo divided OU the pace of internal tto- A, 

Itswere resolved on nomic reform. Hu Yaobang wants tof 
when the United conciliate the iffhdow Hu 

W ashington — President 
Reagan and most of his crit- 
ics agree that protecting U.S. inter- 
ests m Central America requires 
promoting democracy. This admi- 
rable objective is based on a dan- 
gerous myth that can only burden 
US. policy with unrealistic goals 
and increase pressure for deeper 
military involvement when less 

By Alan Tonelson 

of repression, revolution and for- 
eign intervention. Unfortunately, 
this is mostly wishful thinking. It is 
in large part a fiction of the instant 
experts, often based on little more 

drastic measures prove inadequate. 

Moderate democrats have always 
been in short supply in Central 
America. Centuries of exploitative 
and cruel Spanish rule nave been 
followed by a nearly unbroken 
string of 1 oral autocrats whose bru- 
tality and corruption helped inspire 
the term “banana republic." 

The spirit of tolerance and the 
commitment to laws and institu- 
tions that enable democracies to 
ride out heavy political and eco- 
nomic storms are completely alien 
to Central America. The medieval 
corporatist political legacy be- 
queathed by the Spaniards equates 
political competition with anarchy 
and subordinates individual rights 
to the requirements of social har- 
mony. In fact, the countries of the 
region are less like modem nation- 
states than quarreling fiefdoms 
whose ruling clans conrese govern- 
ment with grand larceny. 

We are told that Central America 
is changing. Recent economic 
growth has been impressive and a 
critical ma« of Central Americans 
from all classes are now deter- 
mined, it is said, to escape the cyde 

than a quick junket to the region. 
These are the people who sancti 

These are the people who sancti- 
fy elections and certify atrocity 
charg e s , deriding which Central 
Americans merit the label “demo- 
crat” They tend to know little 
about the region but have manage 
to mire North Americans in a 
pointless debate over which faction 
best deserves U.S. support trying 
to draw impossibly fine distinctions 
among marvidoai battalion com- 
manders and gnemTla chieftains. 

In fact there are no white hats in 
Central America. Theprindpal bel- 
ligerents are p rimari ly intere sted 
not in promoting tolerance but in 

controlling the matchless migh t of 

the state. As for the moderates, they 

know that they can best stay alive 
and even enjoy the perks of office 

and even enjoy the perks of office 
tty fronting for the ext remis ts, not 
tty challenging them. Thus, El Sal- 
vador's president, Jose Napolebn 
Duarte, presses neither land reform 
nor peace talks, while the political 
leaders of the Salvadoran left say 
nothing about the atrocities com- 
mitted by their guerrilla allies. 

Some advocates of democratiza- 
tion argue that Costa Rica’s history 
proves that moderates can t riumph 
in Central America. It is an appeal- 

ing virion. But the amount of blood 
shed since rhe late 1970s argues 
differently and indicates that the 
region's masses are likely to be 
abused and impoverished no maner 
wirich side prevails. 

What can die United Smt«« do? 
A hardhearted America-first policy 
would focus less on domestic poli- 
tics and more at 1 keeping Soviet 
and Cuban bases OoL What hap- 
pens made Central America is of 
lmi<» mrqpf yf to the United States; 
Washington should avoid trying to 
force either the right or the im to 
undertake political reform. 

Worries about subversion in the 
larger states — Mexico, Venezuela, 
Colombia — best be addressed 
by using economic policy to im- 
prove conditions in those nations 

For 40 years. Third World politi- 
cians of all persuasions haw pro- 
claimed fealty to US. danocratic 
ideals. Everyone has fallen short, 
but both liberals and conservatives 
in the United States continue to 
dream about finding the vital center 
in the developing world. Today 
both sides portray their favorite 
bands of Central Ameri can cut- 
throats as champions of freedom — 
and often suggest that Washington 
is morally obligated to save them. 
Apparently they do not see that this 
is most likely to plunge the United 
States into another senseless war. 

s2L id ^u^ed tiuu ifi follow^jipartmtly^upv^^ 

military aid to Taiwansrould slowly party chief on 
tail of f and eventually cease. On that destroy er vuat. where he seems to 
basis, ttwjmg rolled out the welcome have blundered. 

oasis, najms touch oui uk: wawmt ^ 

mat to a senes of American visitors. ^Many Chinese are ?t» gBsnmg 

To each the Chinese expressed inter- akwt the S™** n vS~! 

m ammrint A«v5«m techno- Gorbachev. Some fear that a defense 

l%y m Buf3^ratul!SajSra^ ^ with tire UnigaMKWbdd 
dercd different answers. compromisebetter u« with Moscow, 

Secretary of State George Shuhz, Finally, Chmese offimj* mm to 
who visited China in February 1983, be truly confused abcai whainuhtery 
seemed aloof. He combined skepti- equipment they warn SMaetaft 
asm about the effectiveness of the about pmchasmgMti-tankweapo^ 
economy with doubts that Bejjing others about _air defense systems; sun 

would stay 

from Moscow. 

*ary Caspar Wein- 

others about air defense systems; stiH^ 
others are window-shopping. 

But the United States also is uncer- 

berger, visiting in September 1983, tain. Taiwan and mat jimer Amm- 
wmwi more interested, although he can friends in the Western racnic 
refused a htank check on sales of point out that there is a much better 

o\ phtctirt>tM militar y equipment. case for enhancing Chine 
Bar President Reagan, in March craft and anti-tank strong 
1984, flashed a green light for tech- improving the Chinese na 
oology transfer. And in May, Com- by the Heritage Founds 
merce Secretary Malcolm Baldrige that a stronger Chinese navy could do 
ann ou nced in Benins a policy to ease little to contest the Soviet fleet in the 
technology transfers to Chinn- Pacific. But it would be bound to 

Secretary of the Navy John Lefa- worry Taiwan, and to shr 
man went to Chinn in Auguri 1984 tonal conflicts with the 1 
anri arranged for of a package of Malaysia, Indonesia and 
naval equipment, iurfniting anti-sub- The point is that the I 
marine warfare weapons and gas- ministration has yet to pul 
powered engines foraestroyers. As a strategy for China. Free-st 
symbol of that di»nl throe destroyers Secretary Lehman merely 

Chinese anti-am- 
strenglh than for 

The point is that the Reagan ad- 

and gas- ministration has yet to put together a 
rers. As a strategy for China. Free-swingers Eke ^ 
testroyers Secretary Lehman merely fill a vacu - 9 

powered by the engine were to make urn left % the White House, the State 
a port calf to Shanghai this m on th. Department and the top brass at the 

The call would have been the first by Pentagon. Worse still, the Chinese 
a UJL warship to China since 1949. imagine that by drawing dose to 
But on April 10, China's Comnm- Moscow, Beijing can squeeze more 
nist Party secretary, Hu Yaobang, out erf Washington. 

The writer, associate editor of For- 
eign PoBcy magazine, contributed this 
comment to The New York Tones. 

told journalists from Australia and So the need of the moment is 

New Zealand that foe Ammnan Re. straight talk All parties have a strong 
stroyers would not carry nuclear interest in not outsmarting them- 

weapons. The next day the State De- selves by over-dever 

partment objected that it was against Las Angeles Tunes Syndicate. 

From Right or Left, the Only Place to Go Is Toward the Center 

P ARIS — Pundits search for pat- 
terns. If three seemingly isolated 

1 terns. If three seemingly isolated 
events can be linked, the “triangula- 
tioo trick” may be played and great 
movements may thus be discerned. 

1 thought I had detected three par- 
allel trends signaling the be ginning of 
a fundamental ideological shift 
In Britain, after six years of vigor- 
ous and much needed Thatcherism, 
the Conservatives arc now on the run. 
Prosperity has not conquered high 
unemployment and now, with infla- 
tion returning, voters are idling poll- 
sters that it’s time for a change. 

In West Germany, after a couple of 
years of the conservative leadaship 
of Helmut Kohl, voters in state elec- 
tions are saving enough is enough. 

In the United States, midway in 
the Reagan years, evidence of dis- 

By W illiam S afire 

pleasure with the consenrative tide is 
mounting. That long-term trend be- 
gan with Richard Nixon’s election in 
1 968, and was sidetracked for a while 
by the Watergate-Carter aberration, 
but flowered under Ronald Reagan 
and will last as long as the current run 
of prosperity. However, the Republi- 
can abandonment of the defense 
buildup transmits a desire to stay in 
place rather than in power — to use 
the presidency as a symbol of unity 
rather than a force for change. 

Three Western powers, three spe- 
cific shifts: the antennae of trend- 
spotters quiver at this evidence that 
the swing to the right is about to be 
arrested. The case is set up to be 
made that the right-wing dog has had 

his day, and that the march of statism 
and acc omm odation to communist 
expansionism is about to be resumed. 

The triangulation trick shows that 
socialists, or at least liberals, are on 
the verge of a free-worldwide resur- 
gence. The ideological pendulum, 
which has for decade s been swinging 
away from the failed dogmas of col- 
lectivism, seems to have paused at its 
apogee. This makes you wonder if it 
will now swing back away from the 
imperfect solutions of individualism. 

Then you crane to Paris and the 
hypothesis gets a knock on the head. 
Socialism is a flap in France and 
nobody knows that better than the 
Socialists. Four years ago they took 
power and began to redistribute 

Since When Is Lust a New Problem? 

W ASHINGTON — It is a sign 
of the sexually “emancipat- 
ed" times in which we Eve that 
plain old Fbgfoh words (“adul- 
tery,” for instance) are giving way 
to terms (“extra-marital sex") 
whose judgmental overtones are 
safety neutralized. But when words 
fail, there remains that vigorous 
counterrevohitioDaiy, Pope John 
Paul It, who this month took his 
against sexual license to the 
youth of the Netherlands, many of 
wham dearly didn’t want to hear it. 

Speaking of sex to a young audi- 
ence at Amersforat, the pope said 
rhat “indulgence doesn’t make peo- 
ple happy” — a view so unfashion- 
able that his listeners most have 
wondered if they heard him right. 

A member of his young audience 
bad complained, speaking a wide- 
spread sentiment, that “many 
young people fed that the Church 
doesn’t understand contemporary 
problems,” by which the complain- 
er tngant sexual problems. 

These young people are mis- 
informed. The Church understands 
the problems, all right, and under- 
stood them before they were “con- 
temporary." Moreover, as an insti- 
tution with a tradition it has some 

By Edwin M. Yoder Jr. 

old, if unfashionable, solutions fra 
such “problems.” But Dutch youth, 
like their peers everywhere, are 
learning to Eve happily without his- 
tory, indudmg the rich and reveal- 
ing history of sex “problems." 

Not long ago a friend of mine, 
flying from London to Amsterdam, 
was chatting with a couple of young 
Dutch businessmen. What brought 
him to Amsterdam? they asked po- 
litely. To look at pictures, he said. 

Pictures? they asked, with genu- 
ine astonishment. Pictures in Am- 
sterdam that people would fly from 
London to see? Then, as if a light 
had clicked on, they smiled know- 
ingly. Of course! He must mean 
pornography. He must be flying 
over to check out the latest, of 
which Amsterdam is said now to be 
one of the trendiest producers. 

If pornography, not Vermeer or 
Rembrandt, is what springs to 
youthful and emancip ated minds at 
the mention of “pictures,” one can 
only guess what other dimensions 
of consciousness are missing also. 

. People who never knowingly 
looked at a Vermeer probably never 



By Pkjflhj in L# UMode IPorttj. CAW Smflkoto. 

beard of David and Bathsheba ei- 
ther — or Dan Juan, or Madame 
Bovary, or Anna Karenina, or Cleo- 
patra, or Efectra, or any of those 
other famous folk who suffered in 
various ways from “contemporary 
problems.” To expert them to read 
a Shakespearean sonnet on lust is 
— well, it would be too much. 

Despite the communications 
gap, however, there was something 
odd about the way the young peo- 
ple of the Netherlands reacted to 
the pope. They think their deepest 
wish is that the CathoUc Church 
would bring itself up to speed and 
relax its “repressive” views. So they 
demonstrate in the streets, and a 
few even throw stones and bottles 
at the pope's car. 

But why? Rome no longer oper- 
ates an effective censorship, and in 
most of Europe, certainty in the 
Netherlands, it exercises no coer- 
cive power at all over sexual laws or 
practices. If the youth of Holland 
really believe John Paul’s views 
to be antique and irrelevant, you 
might think they would ignore 
them, not react with such energy. 

Why, for instance, do they laugh 
so hard at a vaudeville art on Dutch 
television in which an actor playing 
John Paul Q dances a sort of cancan 
with underdad ladies? Are they 
straining to persuade themselves 
that it’s the funniest satire since 
Moliexe — nm further proof of the 
ageless connection between licen- 
tiousness and vulgarity? 

The negative energy lavished 
on the pope’s views on sex may 
suggest, in a curious way, that the 
protesters care more about the 
Church’s attitudes (recommenda- 
tions. really) than they wish to. The 
pope has no Trace at his disposal 
other than the cogency of reasoned 
argument, but Don Juan’s new fol- 
lowers react as if he were charing 
them with chastity belts. 

Maybe the swinging youth of the 
Netherlands get the vague feeling 
that there could be more to these 
“contemporary problems" than 
simply escaping centuries of Cal- 
vinist repression, and more behind 
their confusion and anger than the 
sight of an elderly bishop saying na 

iVashmgtan East Writers Group. 

wealth and cany out their anti-capi- 
talist promises. Wbei that nearly 
bankrupted the country, the practical 
Francois Mitterrand reversed course 
and is now pushing austerity. 

As a result, the right scorns him for 
bang of the left, and the left is ready 
to desert him for acting Eke the righL 
The center-right now has a dear ma- 
jority, and all that remains is for the 
squabbling parties of the right to get 
together ana take power. 

This means that the triangulation 
trick does not work. Frances grand 
disillusion with socialism seems to 
say that no pattern exists, that a few 
countries are going center-left (the 
United States, Britain, West Germa- 
ny) while a few are going the other, 
way (France, Italy, maybe Greece, 
certainly China). Could this mean 
that the world is just mining around? 

Of course not. To admit trendkss- 
ness would be to invite the decline of 
political analysis. If one pattern does 
not work, try another. 

So what accounts for all this ideo- 
logical lurching back and forth? The 
answer is: The support span is short- 
ening . Just as the explosion of mass 
communication has cut down our at- 
tention span, the concentrated expo- 
sure of political leaders, especially 
those whn identifiable ideologies, has 
cut down the time during which vot- 

ers lend them their support. Do you _ 
have the answer. Political Leader, t 
the problem of-sustained prosperity 
equitably shared, with no loss of free- 
dom? AH right, wc’fl give you a 
chance. You say you’ve achieved 
most of your goals, and need more 
time? Sony, you promised more and 
sooner, so out you go, and it’s the 
next ideology's turn. 

If the shortened support-span 
hypothesis is correct we shall soon 
see a growth of the center and a 

In Britain the oenters David Owen 
will premise Thatcherism without 
Thatmer. In West Germany Johan- 
nes Rsu presents himself as a cool 
KohL In the United States, the 
Cnomo-Kamedy-Hart alternative is 
an un-Reagaa-fike Reaganism. Be- 
cause the aqiport span is so short, we 
are offered adaptation, not change. 

Yeats was wrong. Things fall to- 
gether. The center Holds ail too wdL 
The New Yak Times. 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed "Letters to the 
Editor ” and must contain the writ- 
er’s signature, name and fidl ad- 
dress. Letters should be brief and 
are subject to editing, We cannot 
be responsible for the return of 
unsolidted manuscripts. 


His Royal (?) Highness 

Regarding “La, America's Presi- 
dent Turns Into a King ” (May 20): 

I do not know whether America’s 
president has turned into a long . 
What I know is that in 1981 Ronald 
Reagan was shot down and it was a 
miracle he was not killed. 

I do not know whether the presi- 
dent of France “takes his friends to 
dinner in restaurants and leaves the 
quality of his food to the chef,” since 
I am not one of his friends. But I 

know that the casual ambience of the 
rue de Bifevre, the Left Bank street 
where Francois Mitterrand has a pri- 
vate residence, has changed drastical- 
ly over the past four years. 

Like many other tourists from all 
over the world, my daughter, 15, vis- 
ited the White House last summer 
and could see Mr. Reagan. How 
many tourists can visit th/eEtysee and 
have a look at the French president? 



personnel. The inconvenience of hav- 
ing a few U.S. Secret Service agents 
on hand to assure the protection of 
the American president is negligible 
when one considers the possible con- 
seguenoes of a “Dallas" m Bonn, Marf. 
dnd, Strasbourg or Lisbon. *. 


B eau ne. France. 

Versions of Palestine 

William Pfaff confuses the pomp 

ior mcnKasmcfv Siimnimrfc Prm'iLmt 

Reagan and the stringent security re- 
quired by a modern American presi- 
dent Martha Washington insisted on 
being referred to as “Lady” Washing- 
ton and received guests while stand- 
ing on an derated platform, (hie can 
argue that silver trumpets and Bour- 
bon protocol are out of place b the 
American republic. It is another mat- 
ter to argue that presidential security 
should revert to the days when Harry 
Truman took his morning walks. 

The need for stringent security 
around the U.S. president has be- 
come increasingly dear in recent 
years. The mere thought of an assas- 
sination attempt against an Ameri- 
can president in a foreign country 
must give nightmares to host security 

RogpnSng“Whm Israel Wants” (Let- 
tffs. April 24) from Zalman Shovat 
Does Palestine's history, as cur- 
rently taught in Israeli schools, indi- 
cale that Jerusalem had a Jewish ma- 
jority 140 years ago? Study Mr. 
Shoval cannot be serious. If he is, 
thm some body in Israel is unabash- 
edly rewriting history. 

Are I sraelis being taught that the 
Palestinians they disposaessd were no 
more than third- or fourth-generation 
settiers from other Arab countries? 
This is unfair to Palestinians, but it is ... 
just as unfair to young Israelis who Jr 
rue being brainwashed mto believing 
flagrant historical distortions. If this 
is not cultural genocide, what is? 



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The Trials in Argentina 

Regarding the etStorial “The Re- 
cord m Argentina " (May 17): 

This editorial's analogy between 
the trials of the military leaders in 
Argentina and the Nuremberg trials 

oLr 8 ? “ Iudicr t»tf. The At-* 
gootme mpitary ■— with regrettablflr 
roqgwwd excesses — fought leftist 
6“^™^ not mnocent bystanders. I 


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the Center 

Hi 11 H * 

logical Museum in Florence. 

Most are terra-cotta, nsed descriptively on 
the sarcophagi of the rich. The dead patri- 
cian wax portra^ in a reclining statue that 
covered Ms coffin, whose sides woe decorat- 
ed with reliefs of his favorite scenes from 
Greek mythology. 

The Etruscans were gifted artisans whose 
traditions have filtered through the Renais- 
sance to modern Italy: Ordinary household 
objects such as vases, lamps and mirrors had 
a remarkable refinement and fantasy. Pos- 
sessing in whqindnnr* the Etruscans 
used bronze for trinkets and statues «Kke- 
* , Their two best-known works in bronze are 
? known as the Orator and the Chimera, both 
from the third century B.C and both in the 
collection of the Archaeological Museum in 
Florence. Brought to Florence 400 years ago 
by Cosimo de Medici, ostensibly for restora- 
tion, the Chimera has been sent with great 
fanfare to its native Arezzo for the Etruscan 
• exhibitions there. 

One masterpiece that will be conspicuous 
in its absence is the Eufronios crater, now at 
the Metropolitan Museum in New York. 
This intricately, decorated wine vessel is be- 
lieved to have been stolen from an Etruscan 
tomb in Cerveteri about 10 years ago and 
illegally exported from Italy. "To officially 
ask to borrow it would be to s an c t ion its 
theft," said Professor Mauro Cristofani, cu- 
rator of the Etruscan Civilization exhibition 
vin Florence. 

7 In spile of thdr elaborate preparations far 
'death, tbs Etruscans were anything bat a 
funereal people. Their vases and frescoes 
feature scenes of dancing, hunt ing, banquet- 
ing and love. D JL Lawrence was fascinated 
by the phallic imagery that decorated the. 
entrances to the tombs, particularly those of 
Cerveteri. Ms novel “Etruscan Places” is 
being reissued this year in two new Italian : 

The Etruscan woman was atypical m her 


Page 7 

Carnegie Hall’s Second Century 

by Samuel G. Freedman 

by Snsan Lhmsden 

F LORENCE. — Modem Italians 
bear few similarities to their Ro- 
man forebears. The legendary Ro- 
. • man systems of law, administra- 
tion, baths and roads, Which cmBzed the. 
ancient world from Egypt to England, are 
small comfort to the person stymied by a. 
railroad strike or trying to btty stamps at * 
w post office that' -doesn't -keep change: This 
‘‘ i apparent lack of systemmay well be akgacy 
of the ancient Etruscans,', whose, decentral- 
ized but highly, artistic crviDzafiofl. is bang 
celebrated throughout Italy in a series'©? 
exhibitions, publications and conferences. 

Etruscan ^ Year is concentrated in Tuscany, 
as were the awrj^n f Etnacana It. is designed 
not only to attract tourists but to pubocSe 
the many discoveries-made since, the. Iasi 
Etruscan exhibition — - in Milan, in 1955 
and since the Tmiltiftisr ip ltn aTy triHiw flf 
Etruscology was distiHea' from the main- . 
stream of archaeology ia 1942.. ; 

Unlike the- Romans, who diligently re- 
\ corded their history, the Etruscans left few 
‘ written traces. What is known of them. has 
been deciphered from the art in thdr manu- ' 
mental tombs, most of them discovered ably 
in the last century. . 

Greek and Roman 'writers repotted the 
Etruscans, who flourished from about the- 
dghth through second centuries B.G, tobea 
decadent lot given over' to idle games arid 
loose women. It should be noted, that the 
Greeks and Romans were competitors for 
the lucrative Mediterranean trade- routes 
that the . Etruscans plied, principally with 
silver, copper and above aD iron ore man the 
island of Elba. Recent excavations at Popu- 
lonia oh the Triscan coast revealed a smelt-' 
mg complex that has been described as the 
Pittsburgh of the ancients. 

N Theones cm the Etruscans’ origin abound. 
The latest, according to Massimo FaDottino, 
the founder of Etruscology, is that the Etrus- 
cans were the native people of Tuscany and 
absorbed waves of immigration, probahly 
from the eastern Mediterranean, that influ- 
enced and reinforced their stock. 

Pi ITED on hilltops for natural defense, 
Etruscan cities such as Arezzo, Hescde, 
K-J Vdterra, Cortona and Perugia consti- 
' tuted the first urban ci vil nation in Italy. 
Unlike later Roman cities with their similar 
geometric plans, the Etruscan settlements 
fitpr were each quite different, as new excavations 

Hill at RosriQe and Cerveteri have confirmed. 
Each city can be worlds apart, with a distino- 
five architecture, accent and pride that pays 
- only lip service to Rome: 

The Etruscans’ main legacy, however, was 
. thdr art, boned with the dead. In its early 
stages, Etruscan art had a refined savagery 
similar to that of Egyptian, Aztec and Ma- 
yan an. As trade with Greece increased, so 
did the influence of the mare graceful HeL 
Ienic art. At its height, Etruscan art is almost 

emancipation. Her artistic chroniclers show 
her participating in sports, games and ban- 
quets with men. This last particularly both- 
ered the. Hellenic writers. In comparable 
Greek society, the only women to attend 
these feasts were the courtesans, identifiable 
in paintings by thdr blond hair, presumably 
bleached. In Etruscan paintings the women 
' are brunettes and therefore, probably, wives. 

- Tide and property were transferred legally 
through the female line and the women were 
educated fey the responsibility. 

- be seeocarwal in stone at'thee^frition on 
Etruscan writing in Perugia. Another classic 
on display there is the Book of Zagreb, the 

’ longest known E t r usca n text, written on lin- 
en that was found wrapped around a mum- 
my in Egypt. It is on loan from the Zagreb 
Museum m Yugoslavia. The Vatican Muse- 
um is offering courses about the still mostly 
r untranslatable Etruscan lan guage, and via- 
tors to -the Archeological Museum in Flor- 
ence can have thdr names rendered in Etrus- 

Eventually, Etruscan and Roman territory 
overlapped. When the city of Tarqumia was 
at the height of Etruscan tivilizalion in the 
- Sixth century B.C, its kings were also longs 
of Rome. Roman boys were sent to Etruscan 
. cities far higher education. The artistic and 
: m independent Etruscans, however, were no 
match for the Roman bureaucratic machine. 
More than conquered, they were 
from the top as their kings became magis- 
trate&in the expanding Roman republic. 

AH the exhibitions run through Oct 20 
and cost 5,000 lire (about S250) each. 

. " Etruscan Civilization,* Florence, Museo 
Archeoiogico, Piazza Annunziata, 9 A.M. to 7 
PM. except Tuesdays. 

■ Etruscan Heritage,* Florence, Spedale de- 
git Jmocenti, Piazza Anmmsiata 12, 9 AM. 
to 7 PM. except Tuesdays 

“Artistic Craftsmanship ” Votterra, Museo 
Guamacci, Via Don Minzoni 11, 9:30AM. to 
1 PM , 3-6:30 PM also Chiusi, Museo 
Archeologico, Via Longobardi 2, 9 AM to 7 

“ Sanctuaries of Etruria,” Arezzo, Sotto- 
chiesa diS. Francesca, YlaBecdterialOAM. 
to 7 P.M. except Mondays, and Museo Ar- 
cheologjco. Via Margaritone, 9 AM. to 1 
PM^ 3-7 PM. 

“ Etruscan Academy,” Cortona, Palazzo 
Casah \ 10 AM. to 7 P.M. except Mondays. 

“. Ratrianization of Etruria : The Territory of 
Vuki,” Orbetello, Polveriera Guzman, Via 
Mura tS Levante, 10 AM. to noon, 4-8 P.M. 
in May, June, September and October, 5-10 
P.M. in July and August. 

“ Mining in Etruria ” Massa Mari lima, Pa- 
lazzo del Podestd, Piazza Garibaldi, 10 A.M. 
to 12:30 PM^ 3:30-7 f.M. except Mondays, 
in May, June, September and October; open 
every day in July and August Also Populemia, 
Frantoio Portpfemdo, Fortezza della Lin- 
guella. 9 AM to 1 PM, 3-7 PM in May, 
June, September and October; 4-11 P.M. m 
July ana August.. 

.. “ Houses and Palaces,” Siena, Spedale di 
Santa Maria della Scala, Piazza del Duomo, 9 
AM. to 7 P.M. except Mondays ■ 

Susan Lumsden writes about the arts from 

-f vj ••*. 

N EW YORK — On a rainy after- 
noon not long ago, (he Detroit 
Symphony held a rehearsal in 
Carnegie Hall that was open to 
the half's benefactors. There were young 
mothers with infants in thdr laps, and busi- 
nessmen on long lunches. There were also a 
number of older women, with gray hair and 

gVTn lilfft pa wlimfill 

Were their husbands at weak? Woe they 
widows? Were they afraid to go out alone 
for a concert at night? No matter. When the 
music began, some of them dosed their eyes 

and others tflted their heads just a bit, as if to 

sieve the sound from the air. For a few hours 
in their lives, nothing would matter except 
the mode. There was nothing exceptional 
about the afternoon — it was not even a 
concert, after all, only a slightly glorified 
run-through — and yet there was a pleasure 
mciHc Carnegie HalL 

Yehudi Men uhin call ed Pamc gi e HaH “a 
bufldmg birift more by music than by man. ” 
In 94 years, its celebrated performers have 
included Tchaikovsky, Ignace Jan Paderew- 
ski, Leonard Bernstein, Walter Damrosch, 
Jascha Heifetz, Vladimir Horowitz. Leopold 
Stokowski, Gustav Mahler, Benny Good- 
man. Duke Fningtrm, Frank Sinatra, Judy 
Garland, Clarence Darrow, Lenny Bruce 
and, in their only known duct pcrframance, 
Isaac Stem and Jack Benny. Carnegie Hall 
Ins welcomed dreamers like Giovanni 
Buitoni, a food-company executive who 
rented thehaD to smg opera, and Dr. Charles 
D. Kelman, a surgeon who played jazz saxo- 
I phone. There is a sort of eccentrio-in-resi- 
dence who cranes every day to sing opera at 
; the portal to the hall; he is said to nave a 
j particular fondness for “La Forza del Des- 
I tino." 

F OR all these performers, the famous 
and the obscure, Carnegie Hall casts a 
spell The magic of Carnegie Hall is 
more than its acoustics — which Serge Kous- 
sevitsky said had “a sonority like a Stradi- 
varius” — and more than the snm of the 
music ians who have graced its stage. Other 
concert lmik arguably approach Carnegie’s 
Rnoti s fi c s — - the Cancertgebonw in Amster- 
dam and Symphony Hall in Boston, to name 
two — »nd other nulls can claim imposing 
alumni In a rather special way, Carnegie 
Hall exemplifies not only excellence in per- 
formance bet the development of American 
mnsir. and rn nsirians, dassieal and popular. 
It has moved from being a citadel of Europe- 
' an mnsic and European mnsirians, designed 
to delight the gentry and uplift the rabble, to 
a place of catholic taste with room enough 
for a Handel opera, a Jerome Kern musical 
and a Steve Reich octet. 

•Th e thing that’s unique,” said Tsaar 
Stern, president of Carnegie Hall and the 
man wno-led the campaign to save it from 
demolition in 1960, “is that to every major 
performer, every major conductor, it’s their 
haH It’s the queen hall of New York. Not a 
tingle orchestra, not a tingle performer, not 
a single vocalist has not identified playing 
Carnegie Hall as the pinnacle.” 

Considering his bonds to Carnegie Hall, 
Stem might be forgiven a bit of hyperbole 
But countless musicians offer the same 
praise. “You know the ddjoke, ‘How do you 
get to Carnegie HaHT “Practice, practice,’ ” 
said Howard Shanet, a conductor, author 
and professor of mnsic at Columbia Univer- 
sity. “It’s significant that if s not told about 
Town Hall or Aeolian Hall or Alice TuHy 
Hall Capegie HaD is the landmark for seri- 
ous nuitic-maVmg ” 

Carnegie HaD is beginning a S50-oriffion 
fund drive that Its principals hope will carry 
the hall into its seamd century. Most of the 
money w£D go toward renovation of the 
building, although the main hall, with its 
prized acoustics, will be left unchanged ex- 
cept for cosmetic i mpro v e ments. Seven mil- 
lion dollars is earmarked for the hall’s en- 
dowment and S3 million for new artistic 
programs . In essence, the campai gn aims to 
make the hall physically financially se- 
cure; it now has cracked masonry and an 
annual operating deficit in excess of SI mil- 
lion. Fmanrial freedom would allow Carne- 
gie Hall to become more daring in its pro- 
gramming with m jazz, ethnic 

mutiemd new-mntic concerts, expansion of 
the opera and musical theater series, the 
creation of commissions for American com- 
posers and possibly the formation of an 
American opera series. 

Carnegie Han win dose next May for 
about seven months of construction. Negoti- 
ations are under way for the New York 
Pirilhannomc to play at the reoparing. Such 
a concert would suggest a healing of old 
wounds, for the departure of the Fhflhar-. 

noon not 

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The interior will be little changed under planned renovation. 

mooic for Lincoln Center 25 years ago 
brought Carnegie Han to the brink of de- 
struction. It has been largely forgotten bow 
bitter the “battle of the halls” was. Lincoln 
Center’s Philharmonic Hall (since renamed 
Avery Fisher Hall) lured from Carnegie HaD 
dol only the Philharmonic but the Boston, 
Cleveland, Chicago and Philadelphia or- 
chestras (all of which have since returned to 
Carnegie, dissatisfied with the acoustics up- 
town). Workmen painted X’s over the win- 
dows in Carnegie Hall in preparation for the 
wrecking ball and highbrow hooligans be- 
gan stealing the portraits of conductors from 
the lobby. Then New York City bought the 
hall for S5 million and leased it' to the newly 
fanned Carnegie Hall Crap. 

“It’s absolutely hair-raising to ihmir that 
we lost the old Met and almost lost Canrajc, 
too,” said the mezzo-soprano Marilyn 
Horne. “If there’s ever another problem, 
Isaac can call me and m lie prostrate in 
front of the place.” 

It was here in 1964 that the Beatles played 
their first New York concert, here mat in 
1927 the curious sneaked in through win- 
dows and dangled from fire escapes to listen 
to the debut of Yehudi Menuhin, such sus- 
pense had the 1 1 -year-old violinist stirred. 
Paul Robeson in 1959, Horowitz in 1965 and 

Sinatra in 1974 selected Carnegie to end 
retirements from public performance. It was 
on Carnegie’s stage that Stem played Bach’s 
Partita in D minor as the pallbearers carried 
off the bier of Sol Hmok, the impresario who 
was so much a part of the halTs history. 

Even fiascoes achieve a certain weight as 
part of Carnegie Hall lore. “Any man who 
has not fallen on his face in Carnegie,” the 
cellist Gregor Piatigorsky once said, “has not 
lived a fife in music.” In 1927 there was a 
performance of George Anthefl’s “Ballet 
Mtcanique,” a piece that integrated industri- 
al noise with music. Fust the sirens came in a 
few bars too late, drowning out the orches- 
tra; then the airplane propellers blew tbd 
sheet music off the stands. Legend also has it 
that, during a recital with Rachmaninoff, the 
violinist Fntz Rreisler lost hisplace. “Where 
are we?” he asked furtively. Tne pianist an- 

are we?” he asked furtively. The pianist an- 
swered, “In Carnegie Hall” 

Thejoke has a certain point A performer 
is always aware of playing in Carnegie HaD 
— from the acoustics, the audience, the artis- 
tic standards, the ghosts. Menuhin remem- 
bers being told as a boy that the fire ax 
backstage was reserved for performers who 
did not measure up. In 1928, Horowitz and 
the British conductor Sir Thomas Beecham, 
both malting their Carnegie Hall debuts. 


In Celebration of the Opening of 


Corner 57™ Street & 7™ Avenue, 

MAY 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, 1891. 

The Symphony Society Orchestra, 

The Oratorio Society Chorus, 
BOYS' CHOIR OF iot>. (Wenzel Kaborti. Choirmaster.) 

ASO THE (Ol.lflwisr. ARTISTS I 

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nmu Juneau nanhmn 

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Opening night in 1891: Tschoikovsky and Damrosch. 

wrestled throughout Tchailovskv's First Pi- 
ano Concerto. The first night, Horowitz tri- 
umphed, taking the curtain calls and the 
h eadlin es (“Pianist Causes Furor," said one). 
The next evening, Beecham one-upped him 
with a post-concert speech of thanks to the 
audience, and Horowitz, who knew little 
English, could only linger in the wings. 

From the very beginning, a sense of im- 
portance, even destiny, has surrounded Car- 
negie Hail “Who shall venture to paint its 
history or its end?” Andrew Carnegie asked 
as the cornerstone was laid on May 1 5, 1 890. 
“It is built to stand forages, and during these 
ages it is probable that this hall will inter- 
twine itself with the history of our country.” 

This prophecy profiled from geography. 
When Carnegie Hall opened, it sat on the 
northern frontier of Manhattan — Goal 
Hifl, a prime grazing tract. As the borough 
pushed uptown like a glacier, it carried tne 
center of the music community with it The 
architect William Burnet Tu thill had de- 
signed Carnegie HaD to be the largest, most 
elegant hall m die city, and it was soon 
linked by subway to the outer boroughs. 
Meanwhile, New York as a city was achiev- 
ing primacy over Philadelphia and Boston, 
largely bared on its ability to attract the 
greatest number of artists and thdr patrons. 

In the largest sense, Andrew Carnegie and 
Carnegie HaD were part of a philosophical 
climate. The hall was built during tne so- 
called American Renaissance, tfaeyears from 
Reconstruction to World War 1. There was a 
sense that with the frontier conquered — or 
so the historian Frederick Jackson Turner 
had declared in a famous 1893 speech — the 
time had come for Americans to trade thdr 
buckskins for cufflinks. Libraries were erect- 
ed to resemble palazzos, war monuments to 
recall imperial Rome. The 1893 Columbian 
Exposition in Chicago saw Venice and Ath- 
ens recreated on the shores of Lake Michi- 
gan. In 1900, Symphony Hall in Boston 
opened. (The third great American concert 
hall the 1857 Academy of Music in Philadel- 
phia, was the only one that predated the 
American Renaissance.) An American aris- 
tocracy arose, a class of mercantile royalty. 
The As tors, Whitneys, Fricks, Rockefellers 
— these were Carnegie's peers, these were 
the people who filled the boxes of his hall 
when it opened on May 5, 1891. 

One newspaper likened the opening-night 
atmosphere to “the dedication of a great 
temple.” Bui the priests were aD Europeans. 
Tchaikovsky conducted his “Marche Solen- 
nelle” and Walter Damrosch led Berlioz's Te 
Deum. For aU the nationalism implicit in the 
American Renaissance, it carried a presump- 
tion that everything good, everything re- 
fined, resided in the Old World. Typical of 
the inferiority complex was this lament in 
the Musical Courier’s report on the opening 
of Carnegie HaD: “Where in [American] art, 
music, literature, politics, religion is just 
such a forceful fiery, magnetic man such as 
Tchaikovsky? You can't name him.” 

In time, however. Europe's calamities — 
the Depression, two World Wars, the Holo- 
caust, Communist expansion — drove man y 
of its finest artists to America. Heifetz, Ho- 

Continued on page 9 

Taking the Measure of Young Dancers 

?!r» ’ ^ 

The Chimera, above, and the Orator, top. 

by Anna Kissdgoff 

N EW YORK — The oft-heard la- 
meat nowadays is that the age of 
great dancing is past Yes, mere 
areindivuluau wno stand oitt, but 
the galaxy of stars, especially those associat- 
ed with ballet and once taken for granted, 
seems to have been rmlaced by a field of 
efficient rechniciam Of course, we say, some 
of today’s young dances can execute turns 
and jumps that thdr predecessors could not 
But where are the Maigpt Fonteyns, the Erik 
Bruhns and Allegra Kents, the Bolshoi men 
who hurtled through the air or the dominat- 
ing modem-dance presences from Martha 
Graham os down who needed only to step 
cm a stage for eyes to remain riveted upon 
them for hours? 

Perhaps we have been looting in the 
wrong direction- Dancing has changed and 
styles of stage behavior we once accepted 
snght now smke us as less than contempo- 
rary. After 25 years of onphasw an pure 
dance — a trad that has been consistently 
popular — we ay that dancers have no 
personality- Maybe we should start looking, 
then, at dancers whose personality emerges 
from the sheer quality of their dancing. It 
isn’t thdr thdr mannerism* or thdr 

manners that bring them into relief. It is 
simply how they dance. 

On these terms, an abundance of new 
talent has come to the fore. In fact there are 
so many good dancers on view in different 
types of companies that the time has come to 
take stock- Very often these dancers are not 
necessarily the most obvious examples. 
Modern-dance companies especially tend to 
present an ensemble picture in which indi- 
viduals are rarely singled out The ballet 
companies attract attention to thdr stars or 
principals, but often a soloist can turn in a 
performance as good as or even better than 
that of aprindpaL 

American Ballet Theater's season can turn 
this observation into an adage . Two of its 
soloists — Amanda McKerrow and Peter 
Fonseca — - and a young corps member, 
Bonnie Moore, have delivered among the 
best performances in the company. In the 
New York City Ballet. Gen Horiuchi, a 
corps dancer, has created a stir in major roles 
with a polished virtuosity and a confident 
stage presence. More recently. Melissa Pod- 
casy. a principal who rose from the ranks in 
tire Pennsylv ania Ballet, has made a startling 
impression through 3 tantalizing mixture of 
abandon and classical fonn. 

Some of these dancers have shared the 
same teachers; Mary Day, for one, at the 
Washington School of Ballet, must be doing 
something more rhan right- Her pupils have 
included some of the best dancers around — 
McKerrow. Moore. Kevin McKenzie and 

Marianna Tcherkassky, aD of American Bal- 
let Theater, as well as the Joffrey Ballet’s 
James Canfield and Patricia Miller. 

The BaDet Theater contingent of young 
talent has demonstrated something interest- 
ing. When Mikhail Baiyrinnkov became ar- 
tistic director, he concentrated on develop- 
ing a small group of dancers as new 
principals or as partners for himself. This 
group — Cynthia Harvey, Robert La Fosse; 
Cheryl Yeager, Susan Jaffe and, to some 
extent, Darmo Radojevic — has readied a 
plateau. Some have regressed; some have 
progressed, but not into major dancers. 

By contrast, Fonseca, originally nurtured 
by Antony Tudor bill then given more neo- 
classical roles by Baryshnikov, is probably 
one of the best Balanchine dancers on view. 
His performances in “Donizetti Variations” 
and “Thane and Variations” rank among 
the best ever, with classical precision, excit- 
ing jumps, splendid technique and verve. 

McKerrow was at her best in “Donizetti” 
when Hanging vrith Fonseca. Although she is 
not Ralanchl i n q'.t nringri. she knows how to 
give damdral dancing its fullest value. Utis is 
what Tudor recognized when he cast her in 
'The Leaves are Fading” 

Moore is a revelation. One sees her as 
slightly gawky in the ensembles, but as Joliet 
in “Romeo and Juliet” she proves herself a 
dancer who needs to stand up above the 
crowd. Her acting is surprisingly convincing 

for a dancer still in her teens. Her Juliet is 
stirred by new feelings that she is determined 
to retain. 

Horiuchi was a whiz kid from the first, as a 
special student from Japan at the School of 
American BaDet workshop performances. 
His short bdgjfat seemed lo preclude his part- 
nering possibilities in the City BaDet but, as 
certain Balanchine ballets' have made clear, 
you cannot keep a brilliant dancer down. He 
has led the male ensemble in “Stars and 
Stripes” as it has never been led before. 
Every double air turn, every entrechat has 
been rendered larger than life. 

Podcasy is a rarity, a dancer who looks 
modest but whose charm and lyricism seep 
into a viewer’s consciousness with full force. 
Already noticeable for her clean dancing 
when the Pennsylvania BaDet was directed 
by Barbara Wetsberger and Benjamin Har- 
karvy. she has developed more fully under 
Robert Weiss’s leadership. 

Weiss cast her in the role he created in 
1974 for Gelsey Kirkland in the pas de deux 
“Awakening,” recently presented at the 
Brooklyn Academy of Music. Partnered by 
Marin Boieru, Podcasy opened up the chore- 
ography just as Weiss brought out a new 
aspect in her dancin® The result made for a 
new sensuality in what was mainly a neo- 
classical showpiece. Looking like a genteel 

Continued on page 9 

A W 
A to 




































Page 8 





[ Young British Chefs Carry Message of Fresh Cuisine to Counties 

0f tO 

by Marian Burros 

I ONDQN — The culinary groundswefl that be- 
gan in Britain a decade ago with a handful of 
excellent restaurants has entered a second* 
broader phase. The first establishments are 
in London and run by chefs from the Continent, but 
many restaurants are now staffed with home-grown 
talent and spread around the countryside. 

Young chefs such as Nicholas Gill, Allan Garth and 
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who is French-bom, have carried the message of fresh, 
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fordshire. West Sussex and Devon, among others, can 
claim excellent restaurants. 

Most of the members of this new generation of chefs 
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have learned their craft from the Europeans who 
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British culinar y traditions with French and other in- 
ternational cuisines, to reinterpret, freshen and lighten 
such dishes as steak and kidney pie. Lancashire hot 
pot, blancmange and rhubarb pudding. Both styles are 
light-years removed from the heavy, often overcooked 
dishes that have been all too common in Britain. 

“In the past you ate because you had to eat and you 
wouldn’t rffcrnw the food,” said Webber, 34, chef at 
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An important component in this change is a new 
attitude in Britain toward cooking as a profession. 
Nko Ladenis. chef-owner of Chez Nko. a Michdin 
two-star restaurant in London, said it was “no longer 
the lowest, dirtiest job in the world, and young British 
boys are responding with gusto.” Though die self- 
taught Ladenis is 51 and Greek-born, he is considered 
one of the new breed At his restaurant in Battersea, 
south of the Thames, the menu includes such imagma- 
live French dishes as smoked salmon with a con£t of 
citrus fruit and moussdmc of sole with sorrd sauce. 

Young Britons’ interest in a ppren ticing in file res- 
taurant s is borne out in any number of professional 
kitchens, including the one at Manoir anx Quat* Sai- 
sons, a munificently restored manor house in Great 
Milton, Oxfordshire, which Raymond Blanc opened 
to great acclaim and two Michriin stars a little over a 
year ago. “Out of a team of 30 in my kitchen, 10 are 
British and they are very good," said Blanc 

As in the United States, applications from young 
men and women to coolring schools and ap 
positions in top restaurants have soared in 

typically British home-smoked venison served on a 
bed of cderiac. 

Nicholas G31 has created a similar repertory at 
Hambleton Hall, a Michdin one-star in a restored 
Victorian mansion in Oakham, Leicestershire. Along- 
side French-inspired creations like scallops of salmon 

with send sauce and warn foie gras on spring salad, 

s as rbubaib 

positions in top restaurants nave soared in the past 
couple of years. But while most young American cnefs 
are seeking ways to expand regional American cui- 

sines, in Si tain the major influence, indisputably, is 
French. Old's like Blanc contend that there can never 
be a totally British cuisine because of the lack of a fully 
developed will nar y tradition. 

Par tisans of British cuisine resist this point of view, 
however. Peter and Christine Smedky, owners of Ston 
Easton Park, in Ston Eston. Somerset, belong to a 
S Tn»n but growing minority. The Smedleys encourage 
their British-born, British-trained chef. Robert Alan 
Jones, to revive and modernize re gional Fngtidi dishes 
s uch as mustard rabbit pie and Mendip s nails. 

Allan Garth, 31, of the Mkhdin-starred Grsvetye 
Manor in Sharp tbone. West Sussex, falls between 
these two tamps. “We are -always looking for some- 
thing different, ’ said Garth, who applies French tech- 
niques to local ingredients. 

Garth was bora in the Lake District, the son of a 
butcher. His m o th e r encouraged his early interest in 
cooking and as a teen-ager he began apprenticing in 
restaurants near his home. Later, he workid briefly for 
Albert Roux at Le Gavroche in London. Despite his 
varied culinary education, widened by travd to the 
United States, Greece and Austria, Garth feds that 

he ser v es such distinctly British dishes 
pudding with raspberry purte, and hot pot with spring 

vegetables and dumplings. 

G2L 28, who has been at Hambleton Hall for five 
years, trained at Walton’s and the Savoy in London 
and then at Maxim’s in Paris. He has made a point of 
translating old English dishes into more elegant mod- 
em versons, of which the hot pot is an excellent 
example, with its poached rather than boiled meats, 
tender baby root vegetables and a lightened verson of 
SUet dough- for dumpBnp. 

“Before, people used to think a menu had to have 
French names they couldn't pronounce to have good 
food," Gill said. "Buz cow they are wanting to look 
bade at their heritage. They find a certain amount of 
comfort in it I remember once serving blancmange 
and a patron said he’d had it in school and hated it 
Now he loves iL” 

“young British chefs are more interested in France; 

French are still Taking the l ea d. But,” he added, 
or.” His menu reflects the pro- 

“we are coming along.' 

grass: To the dkidetfiy French tenure of duck foie 
gras and mnugMline of chidren Garth has added 

Fine local ingredients are often only sporadically 
available. Lamb, Angus beef, fresh fish mid game of all 
kinds are in ready supply, and praise for their quality 
is unanimous, but local fresh vegetables, herbs and 
fruits, as well as good chicken and veal are difficult to 
come by, paxtiauady in the country, where there is no 
network of high-quality suppliers. Garth — who be- 
lieves it will be five to ten years before British farmers 
or foragers begin meeting the growing demand — is 
fortunate because much of the produce and herbs he 
uses are grown at Gravetye Manor. Greenhouses and a 
walled winter garden provide a year-round supply. 

There are a few native items that chefs are stiangdy 
rdnctanct to use. En glish farmhouse r h w n f ffs , for in- 
stance, are superb, yet only Webber at Gidleigh Park 
offers more than the standard Stilton, Cheddar and 
Cheshire. French cheeses are preferred by chefs and 
by their dienirie. “People laughed when we tried to 
serve Stilton and Cheddar," said Blanc. 

Snrh atti tudes may change- Both die app recia tion 
and preparation of fine food are very mum in flux in 
Britain, dad a third generation of young chefs will 
doubtless bring farther change. 

“There is nothing wrong with Grandmother's cook- 
ing,” said Garth, “bat it wants a little refinement 7 ' ■ 

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« 1985 The New York Tunes 

Allan Garth of Gravetye Manor 

■ . > 




VIENNA. Knozcnhansf 
CONCERTS — May 25: Orchestic 
National de France, F-n yn Jochaxn 
conductor (Bruckner). 

May 27, 28, 30: Stuttgart Bach Coflegi- 
um, Helmuth RilTing conductor 

May 31 

EXHIBITION — To June 25: “Mar- 
tine AbaQ£a,OEvicrdeBoodiony, Da- 
vid Ryan, Anne Soassois.” 

•Centre Georges Pompidou (tel: 


tftlONS — 

May 51: Vienna Chamber Orchestra. 

lippe Entran ontjx ano, Thomas 

Zehetmair violin I 


RECITALS — May 27: Murray Pera- 

hia piano (Bach, Beethoven). 

May 30: Andres Sdriff piano (Bach). 

•KOnsdohans-Kino (tel: 57.96.63). 

CONCERT — May 26: Jess-Trio 
(Scbonberg-Steoermann, Uray). 

•Musikvereinftel: 6S.S1.90L 
—May 26: Van 

CONCERTS— May 26: Vienna Phil- 
hannomker. H ei fa en von Kai^'an 
conductor, Cathlem Battle soprano, 
Jose van Dam baritone (Brahms). 
May 29: T(mldlnstlax)rchester,Tbon>- 
as Koncz conductor. Leonard Brum- 

lwg piano (Chopin, Mozart). 


May 30: Vienna Hofburg Urchestra. 
Gert Hofbauer conductor (waltz and 

EXHIBITIONS —To May 27: “Fer- 
nando Pessos, poet: 1888-1935.” 

May 31 -Aug. 19: “Jean-Pierrc Ber- 
trand.” “Palermo. 7 ’ “David TremtetL” 
•Gal eric Claude- Bernard (tcL 326. 
97 D7). 

EXHIBITION— To Jane 15: “Draw- 
ings by Alberto GiacomeuL” 
•Galerie Jacob (tel: 633.90.66). 
EXHIBITION —To June 28: “Ray- 
monde Godin.” 

•Galerie Karl-Flinker (tel: 325. 

EXHIBITION— To May 31: “Paul 
Klee: The Last Ten Years/ 1 
•Le Pigeon Bleu (td: 633-2439). 
JAZZ — May 25: Jean Michel Bernard 

■Maison de Victor Hugo (tel: 

EXHIBITION — To June 29: “Lc 
Voyage du Rhm." 

•Mendien Hotel (td: 758. 1230). 
JAZZ— May25,28-June 1: Dizzy Gil- 

•Mus6e d’Arl Moderue (tel: 

EXHIBITION — To Jnly 8: “Marc 

Mus6e de Montmartre (tel: 

chestra, Zubin Mehta conductor 

RECITAL — May 30: YosaGutmann 
viola. Theres Hess (riano (Bach). 

MUNICH. Gftrtnerplatz State *Hie- 
aier(t d: 7D \£J£7). 

OPERETTA —May 26 and 28: “The 

•BunkaKaikan Hall (td: 82831.11^ 

OPERETTA —May 26 and 28: * 
Beggar Student” (MillOcker). 
•Nanooil theater (td: 22.13.16). 
OPERA — May 25 and 28: “Otdlo" 

May 26 and 29: “LaTraviata” (Verdi). 

CONCERTS— May 25 and 26: 

Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo 
Mud oooiouctor (Berlioz, Mozart). 
•Idamtsu An Gallery (tel: 2133138). 
EXHIBITION — To W 2: “Turkey: 
Land of Civilisations.” 

EDINBURGH, National GaEery(td: ? 

•To July 4: “WMam,: . 


•Japan Fdk Craft Museum (id: 


EXHLBlTioN — To June 23: “Crafts 
of North-Eastern Districts.” 

•Kan-i Hoken Hall(td: 48031.1 1). 
CONCERT — May 26: Japan Philhar- 
monic Symphony Orehova. Victor 

FddbriU'cobductor, Dang Thai Son 

BOLOGNA. Tea tro Comunale di Bo- 
logna (td: 2239.99), 

OPERA — May 26: “Faust" (Gou- 

CONCERTS — City of Birmingham 
Symphony Orchestra — May 25: Si- 
mon Rattie conductor, Yo-YoMa vio- 
lin (Dvorak, Debussy). 

May 30 and 31: Jean Fomet conduc- 
tor, Erick Friedman violin (Beetho- 

piano (Chopin, Tt 
•National Museum of Western An 
(tel: 8283131). 

EXHIBITION —To May 26: “Poin- 

•Nerima Bunka Center (tel: 
99333.11). . 

CONCERT — May 25: Strasbourg 
Philharmonic Orchestra, Theodor 
Guschlbauer conductor. Pierre 
Amoyal violin (Mozart, Ravel). 
•Okura Shukokan Museum (td: 

Hogarth." TJ - 

•Queea's Hall (td: 66831.17). 
CONCERTS — May 25: Edinburgh 
Light Orchestra, James Beymcandoo- ' 
tor.EE 2 abethMcKeonsoprano(Badi,' 

May 26: The Edinburgh Tops’, PMfip ^ 
Green conductor, Sandra Brown p»- .■ 
ano f MacCunn, Riirf w wewinrif ) ~~ 


MADRID. Biblioteca Nadonal (td: 

435.40B3). - • • • 

IITION — Through May: , 

EXHIBIiturt — t nrougn may: t 
“Frida Kahkx, Manud Alvarez Braro ; 
and Vicente Rojo.” 

COPENHACTN, Tivoli Hall (td: 

CONCERTS — TrvoU Symphony Or- 
chestra — May 23: Per Enevold con- 
ductor (Handd). 

May 30: Walter WeDer conductor, 
Hiro Kurossaki violin (Bruckner, 


JITION — Through June: 

“Montmartre, its origins, its famous 

•Mus&e du Grand Palais (tel: 



LONDON, Barbican Art GaQay — 
lages” Pbo- 

To June 30: “American Images” 
tography 1945-1980.” 

Barmcan Hall — JAZZ — May 25: 
Preservation HaH Jazz Band. 
Barbican Theatre — Royal Shake- 
are Company — May 25, 29-31: 
. -aml aP’ (Shakespeare^ 

May 27 and 28: “Richard ID” (Shake- 

EXHIBITION — To Sepu 2: “Re- 

•Museedu Petit Palais (tel: 265.12.73). 
EXHIBITION —To June 30: “James 
TissoC 1836-1902.” 

•Mus6e Mannottan (td: 224B7.02). 
EXHIBITION — To June 2: “Dun- 
over de Sesonzac.” 
•NewMorningdd: 52331.41). 

JAZZ — May 27: Stanley Jordan 

May 28: Dewey Redman. 
“ 29: Redwir 

Coliseum (td: 83631.61). 
OPERA — May 25: 'The" ‘ 

Marriage of 

Figaro” (Mozart). 

May 31 : “Aida” (Verdi). 

•National Portrait Gallery (tel: 

May 2* 

•Salle Gavean (td: 5633030). 
CONCERT— May 30: Finlandia Sin- 
fonietta.Okko Kamu conductor, Paul 
Tortdier cdlo(Bach. Sibelius). 
•Theatre de Paris Blanche (tel: 

DANCE — May 25: Francos Raf- 
finot Dance Conmany. 

•Theatre du Rond Point (tel: 



BERGEN — This Norwegian festival runs until June 2 and includes 
the following events: 

B ALLE T — May 29 and 30: Hamburg Opera Ballet. “Sl Matthew 
Passion” (Neumeier, Bad)). 

CONCERTS — May 25 and 26: Concerigebouw Orchestra, Antal 
Dorati conductor (Brahms, Haydn, Tchaikovsky). 

May 26: Grex Vocalis, Carl Hogset conductor (Kvenxo, Nordhetm). 
May 28: Brandis Quartet (Beethoven, Berg). 

May 3 1 : Bergen Symphony Orchestra, Karsten Andersen conductor, 
Mstislav Rostropovich cello, Leiv Amundsen horn (Dvorak, 

June 2: Bergen Symphony Orc h e s tra, Darsten Andersen conductor, 
Bruno Leonardo Gdber piano (Grieg, Shostakovich). 

DANCE — June 1: Batsheva Dance Company (“A Catch,” “Sigh”, 

OPERA — May 27 and 28: “Barbiere di Siviglia” (Paisidlo). 

•Fnndacion Joan Mir6 (tel:; 

RECITAL — May 27; Alberto G6mex . 
nrnnn (TVhn«y Mwvtdsgilwi ) -" - ,'j7~ 
• Fondacidn Juan March (tebj 

435j 42.4(A^ . i - • 

EXHIBITION — Through May? ; 
“Russian Vanguardum.” 

•Museo Mnmapal (td: 22237 JZL-. '? 
EXHEBITION — Through Mky; “Los- - 
Madraza” — ' 

•Pasco dc la Castdlaua (trit 419:*' 
04,40). . - , v 

EXHIBITION — Through May:,-. 
“Richard Hamilton.” 

•Palados de V dfi zq nez y CriStri (let 
274.77.75). - 

EXHIBITION— To Mw3I: “Span- 1 
ish Sculpture: 1900-1936. . : ’• 

•TeairodelaZaiznda(td: 429.1386)., 
OPERA — May26,29;31:“DaaC»- . 
lo”(VerdiX " 

•Tcatro Real (td: 24835 J)5). 

CONCERTS— May 30 , 

Symphony Orchestra, EduardoMatt^ 
conductor (Bandc,Mahld-X \T. 


FERRARA, Palazzo dd Diamanti(td: 
3501 7X 

EXHIBITION — To June IS: "Joan 

EXHIBITION — To June 23: “Paint- 
era Foldings Screens.” 
le Museuml 



EXHIBITION — To OcL 13: “Charlie 
Chaplin 1889-1977." 

•Royal Academy of Arts (tel: 


EXHIBITION — To July 14: “Ed- 
ward Lear, 1812-1888.” 



May 26: Daria Hovota 
dogjtia violin.' Erie 
ceflo (Ravel, Schumann). 

piano. Alain Mogna violin,' Friram e 
Peclard “ “ 


Festival HaQ (id: 92831. 91> 
’AL — May 29: Mr “ * 

fnrray Perahia 


BERLIN, Deutsche Oper (tel: 

OPERA — May 25 and 29: “Boris Go- 



May 27 and 30: “La Bohfcme” (Puod- 


•Tate Gallery (td: 821.13.13). 
EXHIBITIONS — To June 2: “The 
Political Paintings of Meriyn Evans 
(1910-1973). . 

To August 18: “Paintings by Francis 
Bacon: 1944 to Present. 

•Victoria and Albert Museum (td: 

589.63.71X _ „ 

EXHIBITIONS — To June 9: “The 

May 26 an 
May 3 1 : “II Trovatore" (VerdIX 
COLOGNE. Kunsthalle (tel: 

EXHIBITION — To June 9: “Oraa- 
menta Ecdisirte." 

•State Opera (td: 2076-lX 
OPERA —Mav 25 and 27:“Don Gio- 
vaani” (Mozart). 

May 26: “Madame Butterfly” (Pncri- 

GENOA, Tcatro Comunale ddl'O- 

peraftd: 58.9339X 

OPERA — May 26 and 29: “Pinoo- 
duo” (Linda Brunetta). 

May 28 and 30: “P^ite Mcssc Solen- 

nelle” (RossimX 

MILAN. Teatro alia Scala (tel: 
80.9 136X 

CONCERT — May 27: City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchestra. Si- 
mon Rattle conductor, Yo-Yo Ma od- 
k> (Dvorak. Debussy! 

OPERA— May 26,28, 29: “Macbeth” 

ROME. Alinari Gallery (tel: 

'amaiane Museum (td: 669.4036). 
EXHIBITION — To June 23: “Ja- 
pan’s Rout Seasons ‘Sommer’." 

GENEVA, Edwin EngdbeitS'Gakrie 

EXHIBITION — Through. June: , 
“Berenice Sydney.” r 

•Petit Palais (td: 46.1433). - 
EXHIBITION— ToJune 15 :”Marcd 
Leprin and Monmartre.” 

AMSTERDAM, Stadsschouwburg 
(id: 2433. 11). 

BALLET— May 24-31: The Nether- 
lands National Bdfcr(“Three Pieces,” 

ROTTERDAM, De Doelen (tel: 


NEW YORE, Guggenheim Museum' 
(teL 36035.00X ' 

EXHIBITION — To June 16: TG3- 

1439.1 n. 

I CERT — May 31: Rotterdam 


ToJune 30: “Rome: 
Her Monuments, Streets, and People.” 
•Cakd Sant’ Angdo (td: 653036). 
EXHIBITION — To May 26: “Au- 
gusto Murer.” 

concert — May 
Philharmonic Orchestra, Luciano 
Berio conductor, AJdo Bennici viola 


^Metropolitan Museum of Alt' (tdjfv 

535.77. 10X 
EXHIBITIONS —To Sept. 1: ^Man- 
and the Horse.” 


•Galleria Ginlia (td: 65430^1). 

: “Emdio 

(1816-11 .. 

gchjld: pnintmgs for labels.' 

To October 22: “Textiles from the 
Wdlcome CoOcction: anrient and 
modem textiles from the Near East 
and Peru." 

To September 15: “Louis Vmtton: A 
Journey through Tune." 
NOTTINGHAM, Royal Conceit Hall 

FRANKFURT. Alte Oper Frankfort 
(td: 134.04.00). 

CONCERTS — May 24: Frankfurt 
Radio Symphony Orchestra, EH.igu 
Inbal conductor. Siegfried Palm cdlo 
(Bruckner, Medek). 

May 30: Frankfurt Radio ! 

Orchestra, Michel Plasson i 



•Palazzo dd Conservator! inCapidog- 
lio(td: 67838.62X 

EXHIBITION —To June 15: “From 
Cezanne to Picasso.” 


(Berlioz, Weber). 

May 31: New York Philharmonic Or- 

TOKYO, Albioo-za (id: 234.68.73). 
THEATER — May 25, 31-Junel: 
“Our Japan, Our Expo”(Altaon-zax 

CHAVES. Tourist Board (td: 21029). 
EXHIBITION - To June 5: “Qua- 

dros Ferreira.” 

LISBON, Calouste Gulbeukian 
Foundation (td: 733131). 

BALLET — May 25-28: Lucinda 
Childs Ballet Company. 

CONCERTS — May 29 and 30: Gul- 
benkian Orchestra, Max Rabinovitsky 

conductor, Ambal Lima violin, An- 
drew Swinnmon oboe (Haydn, Schu- 

nunn ) 

•Sao Carlos Theater (tel: 36.84.08). 
OPERA —May 26 and 28: “Manon” 

To SepL- 5: “Revivals and Exptaca- 
tions in European decorative arts.”-. 
•Lincoln Center (td: 87035.70) . , 

BALLET — Through June 23: New.. 
York City Bailee J 

•Museum of Modern ''Art'* 




To June 4: -“Henri- 


(teL 41 .97.41). 

Sl David’s Hall (tA‘, 

CONCERT— May 25: BBC Wdsh ; 
Symphony Orchestra and Cbopis, * 
Rogm Nomogton conductor, Bdd- 
wenHtmhy soprano. John Tottotgen- . 

CONCERTS — May 28: Hall6 Or- 
chestra, OwainArwd Hughes conduo- 
(TchaikovslCT, WaltonX 
iy 30: PhilnaimtHna Orchestra. 
SuwpoE conductor, Martha 
piano (Beethoven, Brudc- 


00'!OU r flUCB f W5 


TUH0U> t imm 




(mx w 









THBjmcl I 

NICE, Acropolis (Id: 9230.051 
CONCERT — May 31: Nice Philhar- 
monic Chamber Orchestra, Jacques- 
Frands Manzoac conductor (Bach. 

EXHIBITIONS — ToJune 9: “Ameri- 
ca Looks at France: TIME 1923- 
1 983, "“Artists from Nice.” 

ToJune 25: “BaiedesAm." 

PARIS. American Center (tel: 



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Page 9 * 




r- , W' 


. by Roger CollSs 

i ; • 

M ALARIA, the traditional 
scourge of explorers and mis- 
sionaries, has become the ma- 
jor health hazard for business 
travelers and tourists in many parts of Afri- 
ca, Asia and Central and South America. A 
‘ disease that was thought to have been 
brought under control by modem drugs, it is 
spreading and becoming more dangerous. 

Hie world Health Organization 
that at least 230 million people are infected 
or reinfected each year, m 1958, a nudum 
e p id em ic in Ethiopia was reported to have 
tolled 150,000 people, more turn thenumber 
who have did in the. present famine. (Al- 
thoagh the disease is endemic in poor, txcwi- 
cal countries, it tends to erupt in epidemics 
. from time to time). Dr. Frank Preston/medi- ' 
i %al director of British Airways says malaria 
ranses three million deaths a year. 

This is tragic, you’ll say, but after all it’s 
not. the same for Western travders.Well, 
consider: In 1982, more than 2,000 cases of 
malaria were brought into Britain alone, 
resulting in 10 deaths. Last year an Ameri- 
can cargo pilot who had to Qy to Gambia at 
short notice came down with cerebral malar- 
ia in Banjul and d frd wi thin three days. An' 
English cabin attendant almost died earlier 
this month from 0 k same strain, falciparum 
malaria. The' crews of one airline recently 
refused to fly to Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 
until they had health assurances from 

1 An old African hand who visits the conti- 
nent on business several times a year says 
malaria is the only tropical disease he takes 
seriously. One doctor noted: ‘There are vac- 
cines for cholera and typhoid, but these 
[diseases] aren’t going to toll a Westerner — 
they’re not in die same category as materia.” 

That is the problem with malaria: Thereis 
no vaccine yet, and although there aresever- 
al anti- malarial tablets on the market, both 
by prescription and over the counter; you 
need expert medical advice to make sure you 
have adequate protection for the part of the 
, world you are visiting. Dr. Alex Williams, 
medical director of British Caledonian Air- 
ways, said: ‘There are as many regimes lor 
preventing malaria now as there are doctors 
-^working on the disease.” Some experts say . 
There is no pafect anti-malarial drug. 
Doctors cite three mam reasons -for the 
resurgence of malaria. First, a number of 
Third World countries have been forced by . 
recession to cut ba dc on draining and spray- 
ing the swamps that are the breeding 
grounds of the Anopheles mosquito, earner 
of the malarial parariteP&znnanum. Second, 
mosquitos have developed resistance to 
sprays such as DDT. Third, malaria is show- 
ing resistance to the basic anti-malarial 
drugs such ns rhlnrrvpiniB prognanfl and 
pyrimethamine, which superseded quinine, 
the traditional treatment, several years ago. 

Resistant strains of malaria first appeared 
in Aria, possibly as a resaltof a large quanti- 
ty of drugs taken by troops during tbeVIet- 
\jiam War. Dr. Gilian Lea, who is on the staff 
Jjf the British Airways Immun i z a tio n Center 
in London, said nobody could really eogjlain 
why resistance was spreading so alarmingly. 
East Africa is the big problem, she said, but 
the Far East and parts of India and Latin 
America are also of great concern. 

New drugs, such as Fanridar and Malo- 
prim, that have been develope d against resis- 
tant strains are not necessarily effective 
against ordinary, TKT f i- ra ri* ,t|nt ~T I v | l"ti*- Lea 
said many people made the mistake of taking 
only the new. drugs when writing resistant 
areas. Instead, she said, one should take 
these drugs in addition to chloroqume^ as 
there is always some ordinary malaria pre- 
sent as well and one can contract multiple 
forms of the disease simultaneously. 

Experienced travelers who have not 
changed their tablets for years are often the 
most likely to neglect to take proper advice 
on which drugto take. Apart from thcdcyel- 
opxnent of resistance, one reason to switch 


Continued, from page 7 


-V f 

nymph, Podcasy knew how to make every 
lift and run an exercise in rapture. 

In modem dance, a company that has 
consistently stood out far the sheer excite- 
ment of its dancing is the Lar Lubovitch 
Dance Company. Two years ago, when five 
French modem-dance companies visited the 
American Dance Festival and saw the Lubo- 
vitch troupe, a fewof the French visitors 
remarked that they could never hope to 
equal these American dancers in technique; 
that is, they could not execute the move- 
ments with the same form, exactness, speed, 
stamina, and stage projection. 

The core issue here is one of training. Had 
die French dancers studied tike modexri- 
-*jmce techniques the . Lubovitch dancers 
Have learned, some of them could dance tins 
way. In fact, however, no specific single 
technique is at the root of the Lubovitch 
dancers’ abilities. One can see tins kind of 
situation in the Paul Taylor Dance Compa- 
ny: there is no Taylor technique in the sense 
of one training system such as ballet's aca- 
demic idiom or the Martha Graham and 
Merce Gntinfwgham techniques. 

One of Taylor’s most recent recruits, 
Douglas Wright, is from . New Zealand, 
where certainly there is no Taylor texSmique 
as such. A former member of the limbs 
Company, Wright is a .wen-conned,. -alt., 
round dancer who can serve Taylor's artistic 
purpose. Possessing a general grammar of 
movement, he can adapt to the Taylor style. 

The Lubovitch company has drawn from 
even more disparate sources. Because I had 
Afirst seen Lubovitch as & dancer in & ballet 
sbompaay, the now-defunct Harkness -Ballet 
I assumed he was a ballet dancer first with 
modem-dance training in Ms background. 

But at the Toronto Dance Theater’s per- 
formance at Brooklyn College recently, he 
said he considered himself a modem-dancer 
who had been a member of a ballet wrapa- 
ny. The point was pertinent ^to a discussion 
of how the Toronto dancers looked. 

It has become very difficult, Lubovitch . 
said, for a modem-dance choreographer to 
get dancers who do not look like ballet 
dancers. The Toronto company, with less 
sleek bodies and more physical varietythan 
most American troupes, was more of the 
traditional modem-dance company, he felt. 
Hig company has sometimes comused the 
issue: When he started ontwithhis troupe in 
the early 1970s. Lubovitch enlisted the ser-' 
vices of Harkness dancers and brilliant, das- 

who had been one of the top principals in the 
Jeffrey Ballet. The eaity Lubovitch choreog- 
rapby often, if not ocdurively, juxtaposed 
definable ballet stem with movement dearly 
growing out of modem dance. 

■ A dwnge occurred in the nrid-io-ktc 
1970s when Lubovitch turned to minimalist 
composers such as PMHp Glass and Steve 
Reich. With mwwmat and repetitive scores, 
he naturally turned toward a more reduced 
vocabulary. The ballet dement did not dis- 
appear, but it was absorbed within Lubo- 
vitcb’a modern-dance shapes. One no lon ger 
sees a ballet step such as the pas & Basque 
deady outlined in Ms works. Instead, one 
stts a rounded and de-emphasized version of 
the same step that is used as a th ro w aw ay 
line wi thin a larger movement phrase -—and 
that phrase looks like modern dance. 

This year’s prem iere by Lubovitch, “A 
Brahms. Symphony.” suggests he has 
cfimhftfl cmt Of the rntnimaBM : rut in which an I 
many choreographers have stayed put The 
new work is above all an outlet for Ms 
dancers, who intnm make the choreography 
look exuberantly passionate. 

- Among the soloists here, Rob Bcsserer, 

- hu g e and taR dances with a powerful grace 

that always astonishes. No movement seems 
too smaD far Ms frame; there is no awkward- 
ness in his fluidity, which always projects 
volume as weQ as tine: Nancy Colahan re- 
mains indelibly associated with the Isadora 
Duncan and Demshawn revivals in which 
she appeared earlier in her ca reer, and here 
Lubovitch may have found Ms ideal of a true 
modern, dancer. The rounded die 

creates so naturally with a magnanimous 
sweep recall Duncan’s impassioned odes to 
joy r yet Cobban’s contemporary approach is 
always evident 

If. one can visualize Colahan leading the 
MarsdDMse; Christine Wright — petit and 
overtly virtuoric — could be die piper in 
The Spirit of *76” Often contrasted against 
B esse retYstrcngth, she is one of thosejonn- 
perfect dancers whose quality of movement 
is modulated within each phrase. Douglas 
Virohe, once with the Jos£ Limon company, 
is . more' gnarled, more interesting titan a 
dapeer with a “perfect” body. 

. In the end, Lubovitch has rendered the 

. ty. of the movement rather than through its 
puiems — and Ms dancers have allowed 
trim to do so.' ■ 

0 1985 The Hex/ York Tima 


Rome to Naples Along the Appian Way 

brands every so often is that many anti- 
malarial drugs have unpleasant side-effects 
if- used to prolonged periods. These mainly 
affect the eyes and can range from tempo- 
rary blurring of the vision to permanent 
return! damage. 

.To get “reasonable protection against all 
sorts of malaria,” Williams recommends tak- 
' mg one tablet of Maliprim plus two tablets 
.of cbioroqume.a week, or one tablet of 
proguanil daily pins chloroqume once a 
week, mother case starting a week or two 
before traveling and continuing for six weeks 
after your return. ■ 

Of the four types of malaria, the most 
rian gpmm* is falciparum, winch can kill very 
• rapidly. Tn some regions it has become 
resistant to chloroqume and other drugs,” 
Williams said, “and some people who have it ! 
^re only saved by intravenous shots of old- 
fashioned quinine." 

In fact. Lea noted, quinine is effective in 
..nearly Ml cases, particularly in combination 
with other drugs- (It is now not normally 

Some experts say 
there is no perfect* 
anti-malarial drug 

used because of its relatively high toxicity). 
-Quinine is amatural alkaloid, extracted from 
cinchona bark, and is the ingredient that 
gives tonic water its bitter taste. That is not 
to say that gm and tonic will chase away 
-malaria, though h may provide some com- 
fort when the mosquitos come out. 

As- dew treatment of malaria becomes 
more difficult, physical protection is more 
important than ever. The malaria mosquito 
bites after dusk, so, if you’re outdoors, wear 
long-sleeved shirts arid use a good insect 
repellent (one that ermraitig Nm-diethyi- 
meta-tolua-mide is tikdy to work as well as 
any), and quay the room when you go in- 
doors. Women should avoid wearing per- 
fume, which draws mosquitoes. If there is no 

atr - rtnndirinninfr nndwr a mnsquho TieL 

Ekctrorric devices that emit a high-frequen- 
cy buzz are rroorted to be worse than useless 
in keeping on mosquitoes. 

People who live in malarial commies often 
develop resistance to tire disease, but this is 
eventually^ lost when they move to a cooler 
climate. The Westerner who has returned 
home after a long stint in Africa must take 
precautions when going bade there an a trip. 

Malaria can mimi c the symptoms of other 
diseases — high fever, lassitude, headache, 
pains in the joints. The rJa«nr case is tire 
traveler returning from Africa in winter and 
having malaria diagnosed as On. Any suspi- 
cious fever should be checked out Some- 
times the disease is merely suppressed by 
anti-malarial drugs and may break through 
at any time, from a couple of weeks to a year 
after the trip. 

It is easy to become blast about malaria, 
espedaDy for the busm ess traveler on a quick 
top to a city tike Nairobi, where the risk of 
infection is small. But the risk is always 
there, though travel agents and e mb as s ies 
often mimnuTe the risk to travelers. 

British Caledonian’s Williams says air 
crews often forget to take their anti-malarial 
tablets. Far this reason. Dr. Fridolin Hol- 
deuer, medical director of Swissair, pre- 
scribes anti-malarial drugs only f orcrews 
flying to high-risk areas, in Africa; for desti- 
nations in Asia and Sooth America, he pre- 
scribes anew drug, mefloqnm, which crews 
are instructed to take if they actually catch 
malaria. Holdener said mefloqnm was the 
only drug that had not yet encountered resis- 
tant strains. 

An effective vaccine against malaria may 
be two to three years away, at best Until 
then the disease will remain a major health 
hazard to the unwary traveler. ■ 

by Paul Hofmann 

1 ETS say you plan to drive from Rome 
to Naples. If you manage to find 
the right cm t from the Grande Rac- 
cordo Annlare, the belt road that 
girds the Italian ca pital , you get on Motor- 
way A-2, a section of the norm-south Auto- 
strada del Sole (Motorway of the Sun), and 
in two hours or so yon reach the scruffy 
j suburbs of Naples, rather distant from its 
magnificent bay. The highway has practical- 
ly no speed limits, tolls cost at least $5, and 
, you woai’t see much. 

Than is another option. Save the tolls, 
aflow at least six hours to the trip, and stop 
ea route: The medieval hilltop town at Ter- 
racma is a good choice, about halfway be- 

tween Rome and Naples. It has superb scen- 
ery and imposing r*.fa goiral ruins, and is at the 

same time a modem seaside resort with 
pleasant restaurants. With its palms, pines, 
oleanders and orange trees, Terrarina is also 
the entrance to the Msaopomot the land of 
die hot noonday. 

Eurihermore, Tesracina is an ideal place 
. to view one of the most remarkable, and 
enduring, feats of ancient road building. 
Here one can see where engineers of the 
Roman emp i re cut 115 feet (36 meters) of 
rock off a promontory to make space for an 
early stretch of the Via Apppia, better 
known as the Appian Way. Terracma (then 
Tarracma) was an important way station on 
this thoroughfare. 

The Appian Way — now National Route 
No. 7 — is the oldest and most famous of the 
network of paved highways built and main- 
tained by the Romans. It extmds from 
Rome to Capua, about 100 miles (160 kilo- 
meters) to the smith, and was commissioned 
by Appius dawfius Caecns, then censor, in 
312 B.C. The road was later extended to the 
dries now known as Benevento and Brindisi 
(the "wm seaport from which die Romans 
sailed to Greece). The extended highway, 
more than 350 long, ^x**^*™* a lifeline 
of the empire. 

Unman gwiwak and ■tfafffgnvqi recog- 
nized as early as the fourth century B.C that 
an elaborate road system was a condition to 
military strength, territorial expansion and 
profitable tradk At the height m the empire, 
the system totaled more than 50,000 miles 
and stretched from Mesopotamia to Britain. 

Raman road budding was standardized. 
The roadbed, six to nine feet deep, consisted 
of a layer of large stones, above which were 
placed smaller stones and debris mhred with 

mortar^heroad airfare was usually nine' to 
twelve feet wide, allowing two chariots to 
pass each ways. Travelers with fresh horses 
could cover 75 miles a day on these roads. 

stretches oFthe Roman road system thauire 
still usable: But the ancient flagstones are 
visible at a few spots. Excavations show that 
the nrigmal foundations laid by the Roman 

en ginrm g rill exist and can take the pUttish- 

meat of modem trailer trucks. 

T HE traveler who drives on these an- 
cient roads needs little imagination to 
notice the hills, plains and azure bays • 
that the Roman emperors, writers and mer- 
chants, tire visiting barbarian potentates and 
the Christian missionaries must have seem 
After more than two mfllemria, the hm- 
garum regina viarum (queen of long-distance 
roads) of the ancients is still serviceable in 
stretches: Leaving Rome, don’t take the con- 
gested Via Appia Nuova (New Appian Way) 
from St John Lateral, but instead drive 
from the Colosseum and the An* of Con- 
stantine past the Baths of CaracaDa to the 
Via Appia Arnica (Old Appian Way). 

After passing the entrance to the early 
Christian catacombs and the church of “Quo 
VadisT and driving between walls lined 
with vineyards, pine trees and ancient statu- 
ary mariong the tombs of prominent Ro- 
mans, one comes to a few patches of flag- 
stones — the original paving of the Appian 
Way. They may be hard on a car’s mode 
absorbers, but they obviously were accept- 
able for chariots and horses. 

Here the road narrows, and before you 
turn left to reach the modem Appian Way, 
look southward: You see the annent road, 
no longer suitable to cars, heading straight 
up into the Alban Hill*. The ancient engi - 
neers did not bother with carves, to negotiate 
steep upgrades if they could help it 
In the hamlet of FrattoccMe, three miles 
north of the old town of Albano Laziale, the 
Via Appia Nuova rejoins the Via Appia 
Antica to follow the original rente for many 
miles. It passes the hdl towns of Axictia, 
Genzano ci Roma (a flower festival is held 
there each spring) and VeSctri and descends 
into the plain before reaching Gstema di 


..rwt * 

Ih. Now York Ti 

Tombs of noble Romans, such as that of Caecilia Met ell a , above, near a 
Rome suburb, often overlooked the Appian Way. 

Latina, a market town with a medieval castle 
topped by a squat tower. 

Far the next 30 miles one drives on an 
arrow-straight, undivided tow-lane asphalt 
highway between rows of {tine trees, past 
fwMg of artichokes and other vegetables ar><t 
over drainage canals. This section of Nation- 
al Route No. 7 faithfully adheres to the no- 
nonsense directness of the anrimt road. The 
Italians call it lafettueda, the ribbon. 

This stretch of the Appian Way crosses 
what for centuries were known as the Pon- 
tine Marshes, once a malarial swampland. 
The area was repeatedly drained by the Cae- 
sars and by various popes, then abandoned 
by succeeding generations. In the 1920s, un- 
der Mussolini, the marshes were trans- 
formed into fertile farmland. 

At the spot where the Appian Way ap- 
proaches Texrarina, the b right 1iny-ctmM» 
cliffs of the Monti Ausoni, a spur of the 
Central Ap ennines, reach toward the Tyr- 
rhenian Sea. On the 748-foot summit of the 
banec promontory sits a vast horizontal 
structure of limestone and marble, topped 
by arches, the foundation of an ancient tem- 
ple dedicated to Zeus or Venus (the attribu- 
tion is debated). 

Terra ring, a townof about 38,000, has two 
parts — an old city built on a ledge below the 
ancient road, and a new town on the pl ains 
The old town is a cluster of medieval houses 
with narrow streets, irregular but neatly kept 
stairways, cats sunning themselves on an- 
cient mosaics. Its central square was the 
forum, or marketplace, of a thriving Roman 
city. The late 11th-century cathedral on this 
in tima te piazza was built into a rained tem- 
ple of the deified Emperor Augustas; sub- 
stantial remains of it are preserved. 

The panorama from the old town em- 
braces the Poutine plains and, to the south, a 
bay with what looks like a rocky island with 
three peaks off to the right This is the 
promontory of Monte Circeo, the mountain 
of the enchantress CSrce, which is linked to 
the mainland by a tongue of flat ground. 

Modem Terracina is built along the Appi- 
an Way, which for half a mile is known as 
Via Roma and is the town’s main thorough- 
fare and shopping street A se a s i d e prome- 
nade skirting a small harbor and bathing 
beach is lined with hotels, restaurants, caffe 
and new apartment houses. 

In Terracina one can get fresh seafood, 
although ratebaq in the Tyrrhenian Sea are 
less abundant than they were when the Appi- 
an Way was still the main route to the south. 
Fresh fish is often sold in the outdoor market 
along the rqT|g i that runs from the Via Roma 
to the port 

For a meal, try the La Capansina restau- 
rant on the seaade (telephone 727-339), or 
Perugmi, 42 Piazza della Repubblica (727- 
052), a trattoria in the center of the modem 
town. Lunch or dinner far two with pasta, 
veal or fish, vegetables from nearby farms 
and local wine will be about $20 at either 
restaurant The Palace Hotel, 6 Lungomare 
Matteotti- (727-285), has rooms with a fine 
view of the bay. A doable room with bath 
(without breakfast) starts at about $26. 

Where Via Roma again becomes tire Ap- 
pian Way at the town’s eastern end, it passes 
a steep cliff that separates the sea and the 
promontory. There is parking space nearby, 
and it is worth getting out of the car. At eye 

level one can see the letters CXX (120 in 

Roman numerals) engraved one and a half 

feet high in the smooth face of the rock. 
Other Roman numerals are visible higher up. 
They relate to the original route of the Appi- 
an way at tins root, which climbed up the 
promontory ana descended on the other 
side. The ancient workers marked the depth 
of the hiTlsid e they cut away at intervals of 10 
Roman feet, starting from the top. (The 
Roman foot, at 296 millimeters, was slightly 

smaller than the standard modem foot 
which is 304.8 millimeters.) The inscriptions 
are an eloquent testimonial to ancient engi- - 
nesting skills and to the backbreaking labor* 
of the workmen, probably all of whom were 
slaves. Long after Appius Claudius, it was 
decided to reroute the road so that it ran a . 
level stretch along the shore. 

After Terracina the Appian Way turns' 
inland to Fondi, then returns to the shore at - 
Fotmia. Southeast of Formia, the highway 
splits into several sections. No. 7 quater is a . 
scenic coastal road to Naples; No. 7 bis links 
Capua and Naples. (Quater is Latin for four 
times, and bis means twice.) The original '. 
Appian Way turns east u> Benevento, by- 
passing Naples, and proceeds to Brindisi. 

One can see vestiges of the queen of roads > 
all the way to the lower Adriatic Sea —an ■ 
occasional xmlestone with the name of a ; 
consul or an emperor, tombs of noble Ro - 1 
mans who wanted to be buried at the way- 
side, flagstones and, near Benevento, bridges 
that are nearly 2.000 years old. By the harbor . 
of Brindisi, a 66-foot-high column is the 
survivor of a pair that announced the end of 
the Appian Way. 

You will find many Terracinas on these 
old roads — cities and towns with an illustri- 
ous history, classical ruins, medieval castles 
and cathedrals. Renaissance and Baroque - 
palaces and celebrated vistas. The new mo- 
torways skip most of them. 

Along the ancient roads, officials on gov- 
ernment missions found state-operated rest- 
ing places and stables with fresh horses. 
According to ancient authors, most of the 
private inns (cauponae) on the highways had 
unsavory reputations, so affluent travelers 
brake up their journeys by staying at their 
own villas in towns such as Terracina or with 
friends along the way. Today these highways 
are lined not only with molds and fast-food 
places but also with many old and new inns 
and restaurants where one can have a lei- 
surely meal or spend tire night. ■ 

0 1985 The No* York Tima 



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Network of Roman roads still used in Italy. 

Other Roman Routes 

R EMAINS of Roman roads play a Via Flaminia (National Route No. 3) con- 

role in the transportation system nects Rome and Rimin' 
throughout Italy. A network of Spoleto, Foligno rod Fa 
-motorways bears the brunt of the F iammit u in 220 B.C., thi 
nation’s long-distance traffic, but among the north-south artery in das 
subsidiary national routes, which are toll- er became a major inva 
free, are the so-called consular roads, a lega- Goths and other barbarii 
cy of *e andmt Romany In addition to the Vl& Emilia (National 

Appian Way (National Route No. 7), they b 

.ni- ntf.*.- id , xi i\v u, za. Named after its builde 

Via Aureha (National Route No. l)begms Lcpid,^ con^ - m 78 B .< 

m Rome and pass« through Rsa nd Genoa non of the Via Flaminia. 
to the Italian and Fr ench Rivieras. Its earn- 

est section, to the Etruscan seaport of Cosa, Via iSalaria (National 1 

(now Ansedonia) and north to Vdtena. is “JP™ to Rich, Asco 
believed to have been built in the third dAscoL it was named afl 
century B.G transported from the sea 

Via Cassia (National Route No. 2) goes mountainous country at 1 
from Rome to Florence via Lake Bolsena ViaTiburtina (Nationa 
and Siena, with an early variant tty way of nects -Rome, Tivoli, Ave 
Arezzo. The road was built in the fifth centu- and was the ancient ro 
xy B.C. during the earliest period of Rome’s Tivoli), 
relations with tire Etruscan city states. It was Via Carilina (National 

probably named after L. Cassius Longinus, from Rome to Frosinone 
censor and p r oconsul b e tween 119 and 1 17 extensions farther south. 

B.C, who is credited with having tire high - Casflinum. which, as _ C 
way repaired and paved. chief town of the provinc 

IhtNm York Tm 

Flaminius in 220 B.C., this was an important 
north-south artery in classical times and lat- 
er became a major invasion route for the 
Goths and other barbarians. 

Via Emilia (National Route No. 9) con- 
nects Rimini. Modena, Bologna and Piacen- 
za. Named after its builder, Marcus Aemilius 
Lepidus, consul in 78 B.C, it was an exten- 
sion of the Via Flaminia. 

Via Salaria (National Route No. 4) leads 
from Rome toRieti, Ascoli Piceno and Porto 
d’Aiooli. It was named after the salt that was 
transported from the sea near Rome to the 
mountainous country of the Sabines. 

ViaTiburtina (National Route No. 5) con- 
nects Rome, Tivoli, Avezzano and Pracara 
and was the ancient road to Tibur (now 

Via Caolina (National Route No. 6) leads 
from Rome to Frosinone and Cassino, with 
extensions farther south. It was named after 
Casilinum, which, as Capua, became the 
chief town of the province of Campania. ■ 

Buying a Weeklong Slice of Highlands Village Life 

by Mary Fargoharson 

K ILMELFORD, Scotland — 
Chari es Stott, a businessman in 
his early 30s, and his wife 
- dreamed of giving up city life for 
a home in the Highlands. In 1982 dream 
became reality. On the banks of a loch in the 
heart of Argyll they bought not just a house 
but an entire village, winch they have con- 
verted into a time-roaring property. 

For £U000 to £4,000, vacationers can be- 
come the legal owners of one of the 14 

cottages for a specified week every year. 
Under Scottish law, the cottages, which sleep 
four to eight persons, can be passed on as an 
inheritance in perpetuity; in England and 
Wales, time-share ownership expires after 80 

The Stotts aim at retaining the old-fash- 
ioned char m of the cottages at Loch Mdfort 
Estate. It differs from other local holiday 

villages in what it does not offer There are 
no private jacuzzis, no squash courts, no 
tiinnar dances, no microwave ovens. The 
furnishings are old pine. The village does 

offer yacht moorings and horses to ride, as 
well as an indoor swimming pool and sauna. 

The village has been bought and sold 
before. In the Middle Ages it belonged to the 
Campbells of M effort, who produced six 
generals, four admirals and three members 
of Parliament in seven generations. When 
the last male Campbell died the village was 
sold, becoming a crater for production of 
gunpowder. In 1878 a fatal explosion and 
contraction of demand ended this era and 
the village went into decline. Now the swim- 
ming pool is in the old powder house. 

From Glasgow, Loch Meffort is a two- 
and-a-half-hour drive, up the shores of Lodi 
Lomond and through a spectacular moun- 
tain pass to the point called “Rest and Be 
Thankful.” Tire nearest British Rail station 
is at Oban, a 20-minute drive from Loch 

The Melfort Chib. Kilmdford by Oban, 
Argyll PA34 4XD. Phone : 08522 257. ■ 

Mary FarepAarxm is a London-based jour- 
nalist . 

Carnegie Hall 

rowhz and Toscanini were expatriates; Me- 
nuhin and Sian were the drifdren erf immi- 
grants. “American music was , enriched -by 
the ravages.of Fmtxc? Stem said. "The best 
of Russian and Polish violin playing, Ger- 
man brass playing, Italian singing — that all 
became the ‘American style.’ ft was an amal- 
gsm, which in a very real way reflected the 
amalgam that was me United States.” 

As American-born artists came to hold 
their own on American stage, if not domi- 
nate them, die name of Carngfe Hall be- 
came associated with, the musical metamor- 
phosis. And tire stature of ..the halt, the 
imprimatur it gave any c oncert within its 
walls, speeded that metamorphosis. 

The woridtjiemicres of American compo- 
sitions ax Carnegie Hall meMe George 
.Gershwin’s “An American in Paris” in 1928. 
Bernstein’s "Jeremiah" symphony in 1944,. 

. Continued from page 7 

Ned Rorem’s “Symphony No. 3” in 1959 
and Reich’s “Octet” in 1980. Aaron Cop- 
land, Samuel Barber, Norman Dello Joio, 
Roy Harris saw their major works given 

J ^1 ■ ■ • VI L._. L! 

event in this Americanization was Bom- 
stein's ropcantment in 1957 as musical direc- 
tor of the PhQharmonjc. Young, 
witty, he was made to onto for the burgeon- 
ing television age; in Ms Young People’s 
Concerts, he made classical music seem fun, 
and no thing was more American than that 
Even more to the point, Benstdn followed a 
series at E ili o p e an -bom men whose musical 
taste harkened to their homelands. In Tosca- 
ninfs decade with the Philharmonic, to in- 
stance, he conducted only five American 

The ripples of reputation went beyond 
America. Itzhak Penman remembers near- 
ing about Carnegie Hall in Israel when la 

was 7 or 8 years old. When Stan visited 
China in 1979, musicians there knew the 
name: Mail addressed only “Cam eric Hall, 
U.&A.” is defivercd. 

Today’s Carnegie Hah audience is surely 
more egalitarian than its predecessors, and 
the leadership of the hall is less affiliated 
with New York’s old-money bluebloods 
than, say, the Philharmonic or the Metropol- 
itan Opera. Essentially, one managing direc- 
tor, Seymour L Rosen, runs the artistic rad, 
and another, Norton Belknap, runs the busi- 
ness, fund-raising and reaTestaie rad The 
donors to the hall range from Rockefellers 
and Astors to the rock musician Joe Jackson 
and the pop songwriter Ned Sedaka. 

Names like Sedaka’s and Jackson’s are 
instructive, for the second factor in the 
Americanization of Carnegie Hall has been 
its wide-ranging booking policy. Tire hall’s 

popular music pi 
barrier between 

; helped dissolve the 
culture” and “pop 

clarinets and drams, conducted by the black 
orchestra leader James Reese Europe. W.C 
Handy played Carnegie in 1928, Benny 
Goodman in 1938. In 1943 came the pre- 
miere of Duke Ellington's “Black, Brown 
and Beige,” and a series of jazz concerts 
followed in the lateT940sand the 1950s. 

The shift from nightclub to concert hall 
could prove unnerving. “I didn’t like the idea 
of playing there at all," Goodman recalled. 

It was some press agent’s idea. I fought it all 
the way- Carnegie Hall was where they 
Played Beethoven, Brahms. Mozart. I said 
TVhat are we going to do in there/? ” ■ 

& 1985 The A'w York Times 

Page 10 


NYSE Most Actives 

Dow Jones Averages 

NYSE Index 

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1T743 11472 1UH — L19 

NYSE Diaries 



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Odd-Lot Trading in N.Y. 

Total Mats 
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NOW Laws 

OK 515 
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. 487 420 

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20X593 500*5 1318 

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Standard & Poor’s Index 

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do pot reflect lots trades di e where. 

yin The Associated Press 






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ameX Stock Indent 

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NYSE Off in Moderate Trading 

United Press International 

NEW YORK — Prices cm the New York 
Stock Exchange finished lower in moderately 
active trading Thursday. leaving investors still 
confused as to the market’s next direction. 

The Dow Jones industrial average fefl 7.05 to 

Declines led advances 625-931 among the 
2,046 issues traded. 

Composite volume of NYSE-listed issues on 
all US. exchanges and over the counter totaled 
1 16.9 milli on shares, down from 120.8 million 

Analysts said investors were taking profits 
and showing reluctance to commit new funds 
until they bad a clearer picture of economic 

“People are tom,” said Jon Groveman of 
Ladeoburg, T hai man & Co. “They don’t know 
whether to react to lower interest rates or to the 
force behind the lower interest rates, which is 
the weak economy." 

Mr. Groveman said it was normal for the 
marker to pull back and consolidate after a 
rally. He said most of the downside pressure 
would be alleviated when the Dow has back- 
tracked to 1.287 and the New York Slock Ex- 
change Index has receded to 107-50. 

Tbe quality of the rally the market win be 
able to muster from those levels wOl determine 
the market’s direction a week or two from now, 
Mr. Groveman said. 

The key is how effectively recent interest rate 
declines will stimulate the economy, said Ken- 
neth Stearns of Birr Wilson Co. 

The worst news on earnings is out of the 

M-l Rises $100 Million 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — The narrowest measure of 
the US. money supply, known as M-l, nudged 
up $100 milli on in the week ended May 13, 
rising to a seasonally a^'usted $577.8 bOBon 
from SS77.7 billion die previous week, the Fed- 
eral Reserve Board said Thursday. 

M-l includes cash in circulation, deposits in 
sharking accounts in banking institutions and 
non-bank travelers checks. 

way," Mr. Stearns said. The blue-chip stocks 
have advanced. Next, the secondary stocks will 
begin their upside move." 

Some analysts were less optimistic. 


Although everyone has a philosophy, cynics 
philosophy is erudite babbling, seas of ^amtcs^himie^ 
world. Sartre, a god to millions, may be the best known tfa* 

Scholars have belittled Sartre, accusing Jean Paul of being a mirror forth* 
frivolous flux of the Cafe, rather than a classical thinker L&L 

■ His existentialism was infectious; even Hollywood cramraW Sgc 

with "phrases that sounded mystically profound, drilrahons 




Jack Sullivan of Van Kasper & Co. in San 
Francisco. “The principal focus remains on the 
federal budget deficit." 

Unocal led the actives, up ft to 34ft. 

Jack Eckerd Corp- followed, up 1ft to 25ft. 

Pan American World Airways was third, un- 
changed at 6ft. 

UAL Inc. gained slightly, up ft to 46ft. 

AT&T lost ft to 23ft in active trading. 

In technologies. Hewlett Packard lost 1ft to 
32. IBM was down 1ft to 131ft. Signal eased ft 
to 40. Digital Equipment lost 2ft to 103ft. 

Some money center banks am under pres- 
sure while rumors spread that Argentina was 
considering nationalization of its banks. 


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X14 113 





















7301 79 











3 1279* 

















































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434 ft— n 
57 +n 
274ft— n 
72 »ft— n 

2m— n 

714 + n 

atn— H 
7i -a 
ion + n 
ran + k 
+ n 

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239ft + n 

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361ft 21 

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571ft 33n 
39V. 22 

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g* 1? OlNYX 453.11^ n 561ft 541ft 54V, 

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340 122 
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44 42 
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1-76 *4 
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15 814 
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11BQZ 58 
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13 113 2*n 
11 39 34 

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1 WV. 

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341ft + 9b 
571ft + W 
159k— Vft 

219b— H 
69k + lb 
12 -Ik 
359b— 9b 

189b— 9b 
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I — Vft 
31 —lit 

U9b— tk 
321ft — lb 
•69b— lb 
3094 — 9b 



53%— Vi 
41 — Jb 

aK + n 

281ft— Vft 
381 b— lb 

35»— lb 
521ft— lb 

ion + 1 b 
isn— ift 
2*94— Vft 
109b— lb 
149b 4- lb 
*m— 9b 
31 + ftk 

Z7lb— 9b 
319b— 9b 

33Vft 36 
Mb 1*9* 
ran 93ft* 
TM 739ft 











































































221 b 

5 + ? 


29b .■ 

2599 + lb 
38Vft + U 


ai W 627 
>87 41 499 
lit 30 

UV 74 

83 8 300 
45 7 79 

un m 

53 13 388 

17 81 48 

54 IT $15 

14 11 20 

A 34 lj 30 
40 17 27 
140 45 * 
72 24 9 

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30 13 14 
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a 2D* 14 

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130 27 7 

> 30023 47 
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[ 330 13 5 7418 
43*1X1 W7I 

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> 130 29 8 1425 

220 BH 20 
3W8 3Bkb 8M 
7S3 35 3* W> 

17D 11 10H 

461 449b 44lb 


2202 71 78 

IBOOK 619b 619b 
15b M 94 
*0 17V. 77 
65 tOlft 70W 
ISO 47 469ft 

IU1 42 411ft 

110 261ft 261* 
TO 25 26* 

238 259b 2K 

g + « 

iSS + 14 

3«*— n 



iM 83 n 
J4 4 17 149 

» S ^ 

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36 14 17 
3D 73 16 
1JB 94 U 

248 93 
132 WW 
36r 4 10 

41lft— Vft 

24lft— lb 1 31 

33V,— v» 

430 12j0 
140 3J 
148 19 

30 1.1 
46 42 
236 109 
433 1X4 
too XI 
X36 03 
X94 73 
22S mi 

aw » nf 5n aKg 

£ J* 74 ao 381b in 

33 3 
XB 9 bog 

13 12 735 
I-* l «3 

ifi y IS 

25 23 3751 
4 1*27 

Statistics Index 

» ''NT'h' AME * Brte# * P - M EatnrtK marts P.U 

'** u. x AMEXWBhWBwP.M Pitna m notes p.u 
I u • nyse men P.TD GeWiwnats- p.n 

■**> • ft NYSE MBtKlKMl P.U Intern} ratot p.u 

0 *w*» docks P.U Market tunmorv P.W 

_ mi options p.n 

P.u arc stack P.13 

P.U Other markets P.U 



U.S. Stocks 
Report, M-l, Page 10 

FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1985 


Page 11 


Beaming Information Bits 
*On Infrared ligh t Bursts 


Her/ Ytolt Tunes Service : 

EW YORK — When the Japanese Grand' Kabuki 
theater company opens at the MetrcpoKtan 0$er& here 
in July, the audience win be batbed in an invisible tigh t 
containing mtHionE of bits of infcsiDation. 

- About 1,000 people who have paidSS each. for special wireless 
^headphones will pick up that information, hearing an English 
.translation of songs and dialogue by the ornately costumed 
'players with pointed fans. 

1. This year, wane television owners will be able to hear stereo 
sound while wearing headphones unlettered to their sets. And 
;ers on Jet America, a California-based airline, can walk 
down the aide while ' • ■ • 

to one of 12 enter- 
Tainment prog rams through 
-Wireless headphones supplied 
_by Hughes Aircraft Co. . 

- Such pleasures are a result 
of advances in infrared tech- 
nology by which sound and 
■data are sent in bursts of light- -■ — - 

The technology first was avail' 
jable about 10 years ago.largdy to aid the 
-it is being developed far general entertainment, 
don and uses in factories, offices and schools 

of light and darkness 
for comrnun ica Lion 

is not new. 

; impaired. Now, 
i transla- 
wiring is 

■expensive or entangHng and radio frequencies arc unavailable or 

*• lV?ci 

llP’ttlif! R 
« - 2 

if Hft 


“What used to be a little riddme*niay become an important 
Electronics market,” said Horst A. Ankcrmann. engineering vice 

^ president of Sennhdser Elcctric Corp^ a. New Yoric-basedsub- 

*** Consulted! ' •sidiary of the West German company and a leader in infrared 

- -*■**» lEja 

The use of light — or, more properly, pulses of light and 

in Indians 

■darkn e ss — for communication is not new. American 
>ent up smoke si gnal*, an d ^ World War Q the ntifitaxy sent 
•Morse Code messages by fhdting searchHghxs on mid off from 
Moire recently, infrared fight, which is. just outside the 
, has been used to send far more data much marc 
i on and off tens of thousands of times a 
frequencies. " 

5 ;m 

l 3 

- -vi 

Ji m 

*• ■»? 

: :ii 

■* ■*> 
A '• 

a "V* 

■ a 

** ** 

r * 

;T N one typical infrared system, sound waves first are convert- 
- 1 ed into electricity by a microphone. The electricity enters a 
**■_ diode, a semiconductor rihip maid* a g 1 agn hwoi The rihip 
■tifcmits infrared light when electrically agitated. The infrared 
’bursts are picked up in a headset by a photoodl that changes the 
.bunts back to electricity. An amplifier converts the electricity 
back to sound. 

Nanvisible light was chosen because visible Kght might be 
distracting. Infrared, wriKke ultraviolet, is not dangierons. AI- 
-tbough commonly associated withheat infrared fight m commu- 
nications is of vay low power and therefore cooL A TV infrared 
output emits about one wan an hour in heat, only about 1 percent 
*of what a person gives off. 

*' Far oomrmmicarion within a single roam, infrared fight has 
several advantages over radio. First, radio frequencies are crowd- 
ed, and it is difficult and costly to get regulatory approval 
Second, because infrared is light, ft does not go throngh walls, so 
-that interf ere nce is minimal, Third,, the operation of electrical 
equipment such as that in factories, can interfere with radio, but 
not with infrared fight. - . 

: Controlonics Coro, of HtehbunL Massachusetts, is selling 
'^Infrared systems to factories. John H. Turner Jr., the company's 
rengmeeqng yioepiesident, said fhat Controlonics and Intel Corp. 
were showing the system to automakers as a means for inspectors 
■to transmit problems to a computer while a car still was an an 
assembly hue, speeding rework. In Offices, it soon may be used 
Tor nan-cabled communication between computers. 

As with radio, portability and lack of wires are assets. Medical 

schools are using the system as a teaching tooL A doctor can hook 

a stethoscope to a portable infrared transmitter and 100 students, 

doctor can rojf the transmitter to diffamthospital rooms and 
-repeal the process. Portable systems also are used in churches and 
(Continued oo Page 13, CoL 1) 

j Currency Rates 

. ; Cram Rates 

May S3 

^ % 




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lot Convnardat franc (tu Amounts needed to buy ant oouadfc) Amounts aOadect to Dw one 
Hollar r) Unto of WO M Units of UOO fyj Units of MU60 HA: not wotaotr NJL: aafmoMatrm. 
(m) To bar am snood: . 


Araon. pe*o 546M 
AnillniLS 04861 
Amfr.tdtiL 2 1*4 OSS 
Brazil craz. SJ WXO 

CoModtaaS uns 
Danish kn>M 11-10- 
EBVPt. pound OTStf 

r USJ 
ntmariau 640 
OraaKdrac. 1352B 
HnKNal 7J73 
Utl • DJBM 


p USJ 



Malay.rfw. 34729 

MM. MUM 25150 

Hanr. krona WO 

PMLpmo 104425 Taiwan $ 397V 

PortwzAb TOM IMhM 27445 

SawtirTytd 34105 TBUdMIlm 52000 

StuB-S 27233 UAE fktan 2473 

S. Air. rand 201 , vtaBt-bnir. 1270 

t Sterling: 17435 IrWi E 

Sources: Bonne du SeneAsr (OrtmaMi Banco QmvneraMr n* tana tMUanJf Bonn* No- 
Nano* departs (ParW; IMF (SDRJ.- BAII OSatr. rtmL dfrfnm). OtOardata from KmFmsand 



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a h 


Saunas: Morgen Guaranty fittfar, DM, SF. Pound FP): Uayds Bank (ECU J; Rtuien 

(SOI V. iWwoppflasfcto tofrtf»rt>nnA<*wsrtso/»fJiaWnrara7^^ 

Key M — e y llte» Mgr 23 

UBdodst am 


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m m 

7U m i» 

u n 

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1 . 

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Lombard ROM 
Oaa Month Intarbarit 

xuatti Hdarbaok 
j^nonth Interbank 

«J» 40* 

543 SB 

SJ8 530 


kMentanttefi RMe VMi W* 

Can Mamr Bh 

OowmoMb kdartaak ltVM »VM 

j^nanlk interbank Wh Wb 

HftOPth hdartemk . 10 » 


Bank Bate Rate 1 » t» 

CatlMaaev TM 

r Trnomnr 131 /M 131 / 1 * 

i interbank H 11 /M 1311 / 1 * 


CnH Moony 
te-oa* intertoMt 

I 5 

515714 5 TVT* 
Ak «* 

Sources.- Ptattr* CbmnHfaMBHls Odd fr 
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71b -I” 



Soares: Eacrtefs. 


....... *^23 

jwtrrW Lvndi naadv Asmte 
MftovawaraMVMM: ■ BJi 

T ateriifn Interest Mde Indek: 774* 

Source: Murff Lynch AP 

i GoM 


AM,, . ftM. Cktee 

3TU5- n$JS '■ -—LIB 

'SUB 1 . — ' —236 

Paris (723 kilo) 31105' 31527 —222 

Snrtch . 31475 . 31540 —200 

London 31*48 31540 -SB 

New York . yu& +0.11 

' Unsmb6uru. Farb ood London official fcr- 
lne>; Hum Km and Zurich opoafrw and 
ctostao srtetst Maw. Yarik O man current 
■ tvoiroeL Alt prices W USSptr sum.. 
Source: Neuters. • - 

Stronger Service Output Produces . . . __, 10 % 

servk^ output and manufacturing output in 
1 972 doHars, percent change from previous quarter 


Fir ^ * 


9 i 

? ^ 












Rising Employment 

monthly number of employees in service 

and manufacturing Industries, in millions 

Sources: Commerce Dept.. Labor Dept. 
Data Resources loc. 

Iha Nh York Tno 

The Split Personality of the U.S. Economy 

Industrial Production Stays Flat While Other Sectors Shake Off Recession 

By Nicholas D. Kristof 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — The US. econfflny has 
devdoped a split personality — languid in 
manufacturing but dynamic in the services 
sector — that oompticates efforts to s thnu - 
lateproduction, economists say. 

“The two-tier economy is very dear-cut, 1 * 
said Walter K. JoeLson, chief economist of 
General Electric Co. “We're in recovery, yet 
industrial production is as flat as an ironing 
board. So you have to ask yourself what the 
dickens is going oil If induVri»l pr oduction 
is not expanding in a recovery, u sure isn't 
going to expand in a recession.” 

Figures announced May 15, for example, 
showed that output from the nation's fac- 
tories and mines was lower in April than in 
Jidy of last year. Yet overall, the economy 
* at an annual rate of about 2% percent 
that same period, 
industrial sector has been flat — 
which is a recession for them, but the 75 
percent of gross nminnwl product outside 
the industrial sector has been doing pretty 
wdl," said Michael W. Keran, chief econo- 
mist of Prudential Insurance Co. of Ameri- 
ca. “Employment is up 2J million in the 
non-industrial, sector, while employment 
has been flat in the industrial sector since 
last July.” Gross national product is a mea- 
sure of the total value of a nation’s goods 
and services. 

Alannedhy the weakness in the industri- 
al sector, the Federal Reserve cut its lending 
rate last Friday by K-point, to 7 Vi percent 
Bat such a stimulus can cause problems in a 
two-tier economy: The healthy sectors girt 

as ranch of a boost as the sickly sectors. 

i could 



Some analysis fear that that could lead to 
inflationary pressures in the parts of the 
are doing fine, 
beneficiary is usually real 
' D. Hale , chief econo- 
Finandal Services in Chi- 
ef that now is 

mist of 
cago. “The 

cago. The classic symptom of that now is 
the office boom in the UiL, which may turn 
into a residential homing boom later this 

In fact, an ailing manufacturing sector 
can exert a considerable drag cm the overall 
economy. One indication of that came 
Tuesday when the government said the 
economy grew at a slow annual rate of 0.7 
percent during the first three months of 

Economists, who generally had expected 
GNP to grow at a respectable annual rate of 


He said that the economic pattern rtf the 
United States in the first half of 1985 is 
similar to what has happened in some Third 
World countries. “Cmle and Argentina are 
the best examples," Mr. Hale said. “There 
was heavy external borrowing and an over- 
valued exchange rate that crowded out 
tradeable goods and manufacturing.” 

In the United States, lower interest rates 

culture,- tnwwig «mri manufacturing by re- 
ducing borrowing ctKts, but also would be a 
powerful stimulus for the already humming 
construction industry. As mortgage rates 
dropped, more and more people world buy 
homes or build new ones. 

But if the Fed did not succeed in bolster- 
ing the ailing industrial sector, could the 
torpor in agriculture and manufacturing 
(hag the entire economy into recession? 
Most economists doubt it, and sav the econ- 
omy is likely to pick up its pace later in the 
year. But some financial analysts are more 
pessimistic. They argue that a thriving 
economy requires a stable industrial sector, 
a theme sounded by the Federal Reserve's 
chairman, Paul A Volcker, among others. 

about 4 percent in the first quarter, were 
stunned when the growth was estimated last 
month at only 13 percent. However, many 
had expected the revised figures to below. 

Despite the sobering first-quarter figures, 
most economists still doubt tnat a recession 
is imminent because the slowdown has pri- 
marily been induced by a flood of imports. 

The strength of the dollar against other 
currencies has meant that U.S. goods are 
expensive compared with products made 
abroad. That hurts not only UJS. exports, 
but also all American products that com- 
pete with imports inside the United States. 

The result has been a record U3. trade 
deficit and something dose to recession in 
the “tradeable goods” sector, which pro- 
duces items that are exported or that com- 
pete with inmorts. Final sales of goods and 
services in the United States, for exanmle, 
grew at a rate of 33 percent in the mst 
quarter. But most of that rise in consump- 
tion went to boy imports. 

Swelling imports have siphoned off 

growth before, but they have never pro- 
duced a recession. And e 

economists say it 
would take a sustained surge in imports to 
(Continued on Page 13, CoL 2) 

Olympia & York 
Seeks 60% Stake 

In Gulf Canada 


TORONTO— Olympia & York 
su'd Thursday 

Developments Ltd. sail 
that it planned to acquire a 60- 
percent interest in Gulf Canada 
Lid. for more than 3 billion Cana- 
dian dollars ($22 billion). 

Olympia & York said it planned 
to acquire the entire stake from 
Chevron Coin, and that it did not 
intend to make a similar offer to 
other Gulf Canada shareholders. 

Analysts said the acquisition 
could raise the value of Olympia & 
York’s assets to about 15 buBon 
dollars from 10 billion dollars. 

The company, one at the world’s 
largest real estate developers, is pri- 
vately owned and secretive about 
its financial affairs, analysts said. 

The company is owned by Albert 
and Paul R achmann and their 


Olympia & York said it would 
acquire about 1 12 million common 
shares of Gulf Canada, or 4924 
percent, from Chevron for 2121 
dollars a share by July 16. On the 
same date, it said, it will purchase 
an option on the remaining 25 mo- 
tion common shares held by Chev- 

The company said the option 
price was 6 dollars a share and the 
exercise price for the optioned 
shares was about 15.04 dollars. It 
said the option was to be exercised 
before Dec. 31, 1985. 

The agreement called for Olym- 
pia & Yak to pay half of the total 
amount for the 112 million shares 
of common stock, and the option, 

in U5: dollars, the company said. 

Olympia & York said Chevron 
had informed the Canadian gov- 
ernment that conversion of the Ca- 
nadian dollars into U3. dollars 
“will be done in a manner designed 
to minimfyi* the impart on the value 
of the Canadian dollar.” 

Olympia ft York said the pur- 
chase was subject to meeting ‘'cer- 
tain regulatory and other matters” 
by June 18. 

The company said completion of 
the transaction, would give it 602- 
percent ownership of Gulf Canaria. 

Olympia & York made a large 
part of its fortune in purchases of 
undervalued properties in New 
York City in the late 1970s. In New 

York City alone, its real estate as- 
sets include 15 million square feel 
(135 million square meters) of of- 
fice space with another right mil- 
lion under construction in the 
World Financial Center, which an- 
alysis said was probably the biggest 
commercial construction project in 
the world today. 

Olympia & York's non-real es- 
tate assets include 93 percent of 
Abitibi-Price Inc., a newsprint 
company, 49 percent of Brinco 
Ltd, an energy firm, 12 percent of 
Trilon Financial Corp. and 7 per- 
cent of Hiram Walker Resources 

Pickens Expects 
A Profit From 
Unocal Fight 

The Associated Press 

Pickens said that be hoped to 
make a profit of $100 million to 
$200 mil lin n from his three- 
month takeover fight against 
Unocal Cap, which he aban- 
doned earlier this week. 

Mr. Pickens, chairman of 
Mesa Petroleum Co. of Amaril- 
lo, Texas, and head of the inves- 
tor group that bid for Unocal, 
said that his prediction was 
based on the assumption that 
Unocal would take significant 
steps to enhance its stock price. 
Unocal stock closed Thursday 
at 535.125 a share on the New 
York Stock Exchange, up 25 

cents from Tuesday and^own 

uesday an 

$10,875 from Monday. 

Unocal and Mr. Pickens 
Monday reached a complex 
agreement that called for him to 
drop his takeover bid in ex- 
change for Unocal buying back 
part of his stock with securities 
valued at $72 a share, an offer 
also open to other stockholders. 

Mr. Pickens retained 16 mil- 
lion shares, or about two-thirds 
of Ms Unocal stock, but strict 
rales were placed on its use or 

•Til III 

1 Dealers Criticize 
New-Jssue Mispricing 

By Carl Gcwirtz 

International Herald Tribune 

HELSINKI — The current prac- 
tice in the Eurobond market of 
pricing new issues at terms below 
levels designed to attract final in- 
vestors was sharply criticized here 
Thursday at the Annual Confer- 
ence of the Association of Interna- 
tional Bond Dealers. 

Leading market participants also 
attacked the inadequate supply of 
timely inf onnation concerning bor- 
rowers. They noted that new issues 
now are priced and trading in the 
market before detailed telexes or 
prospectuses have been sem to the 
banks invited to underwrite the of- 

Han^Qrg Rudktff, deputy chair- 
man of Credit Ssisse First Boston, 
rejected criticism on the pricing of 
new issues, saying: “The only ones 
who can complain are those who do 
them. If co-managers accept the 
terms, they do it of their own free 
ch oice, f or whatever motivations.” 

CSFB, the largest originator of 
new issues, is often criticized far 
mispricing — as on the latest $13- 
bflhon floating-rate note far the 
European Community — although 
Union Bank of Switzerland, is re- 
garded as the most blatant mis- 
pricer in the market 

David Watkins, vice president of 
Goldman Sachs International, said 
that mispricing will continue as 
long as co-managers do not rebeL 
However, he added that the current 
pattern of launching issues ai terms 
that make no economic sense — 
with co-managers expected to 
bridge the gap between the xnrtiaJ 
pairing and levels acceptable to in- 
vestors by either losing money or 

hnMrng paper until market condi- 
tions improve — cannot continue 

Mr. Watkins also observed Aar 
standards r egarding the division of 
underwriting costs, promulgated a 
week ago by the International Pri- 
mary Market Association, should 
burden on lead managers of mis- 
priced issues. These managers wffl 
now be obliged to bear die bulk of 
the costs involved in stabilizing the 

new-issue price rather than passing 
that on to the entire group of un- 

Mr. Watkins advised aO bankers 
who join syndicates on mispriced 
offers for fear of being left out of 
future attractive offerings to ana- 
lyze carefully whether overall a 

profit -making relationship is in- 

A primary motivation for banks 
to participate in badly priced offers 
is concern for their standing in the 
“league tables” fisting the major 
underwriters. However, Peter Eng- 
strOm, director of the Swedish Na- 
tional Debt Office, said that Swe- 
den, one of the major users of the 
market, considers league tables 
“useless” and “not a tool we use” to 
select lead managers. 

. Both Mir. EngstrQm and James 
Ammerman, acting UiL deputy as- 
sistant Treasury secretary, said 
they preferred to see the market 
shift to an auction basis, where bor- 
rowers pubhdy seek proposals and 
' banks bid for paper. The Treasury 
wfll do this next week in marketing 
SI billion of five-year notes, its 
third specially targeted issue for 
sale outride the United States. 

Both said that the auction system 
allows the market to set the pricing 
rather than one bank which, for 
whatever reasons, may be offering 

Tmr ralkti ratty Imp term* 

. Mr. Rudloff, however, objected, 
saying that this transferred “the 
it of the market* to the 

On the information gap for new 
issues, Mr. Rudloff sairc**This is a 
major problem that needs lo be 
addressed,” noting: “Underwriters 
are not getting the info rmation 
they should get to allow proper 

Turning to Euronote facilities, 
Mr. EngstnOm warned that this de- 

enrities could be killed before it 

teg bouowere more than ihe hanlre 
can deliver. 

He said there were too many 
banks asserting that they can place 
(Continued ou Pige 17, CoL 8) 

To Our Readers 

In this edition, we Introduce listings for the cmrency options traded 
on the Philadelphia Stock Exchange, which has the wold’s heaviest 
trading in these products. This information wifi be offered daily. 
Today, these listings are mi Page 14. 

| i Scparatdy. United Press International reported Thursday that the 
Philadelphia Exchange said it plans to establish a link with the 
London Stock Exchange for trading currency options. 

[The new link would allow members of both exchanges to open an 
options position in one nautetand close flat poritionm another, the 
Philadelphia Exchan 

to receive approval from the ruling bodies of 
begin operation Aug. 3L} ' 

For die man with exceptional goals, 
a new dimension in banking services. 

TYThat makes Trade Develop- 
* " ment Bank exceptional ? 
To start with, there is our 
policy of concentrating on 
things we do unusually well. 
For example, trade and export 
financing, foreign exchange 
and banknotes, money market 
transactions and predous 

Equally important, we are 
now even better placed to 
serve your needs, wherever 
you do business. Reason: 

We have recently joined 
American Express International 

Banking Corporation, with its 
89 offices in 39 countries, to 
bring you a whole new dimen- 
sion in banking services. 

While we move fast in 
serving our clients, we’re dis- 
tinctly traditionalist in our 
basic polities. At the heart of 
our business is the maintenance 
of a strong and diversified 
deposit base. Our portfolio of 
assets is also well-diversified, 
and it is a point of principle 
with us to keep a conservative 
ratio of capital to deposits and 
a high degree of liquidity - 

sensible strategies in these un^ 
certain times. 

If TDB sounds like the 
sort of bank you would 
entrust with your business, 
get in touch with us. 

TDB banks in Geneva . London, 
Paris, Luxembourg, Chiasso, Monte 
Carlo , Nassau, Zurich. 

TDB is a member of American 
Express Company which has 
assets of US$ 62.8 billion and 
shareholders' equity of 
US$ 44 billion. 

Thade Development Bank 

Show n at kit. the head office 
of Trade Development Bank. Geno a. 

An American Express Company 


. _ lit-*' I 

■J-.S-J '„-s 1 













A « 



Page 12 


Oevn Hbh Low Cto» do. 



UOBtxi mUdmunxiMlonpn-bulM 
3+0 1TSV. Jul 110% 3.19ft II TO X10% +JHVi 

See iana izm 120 121% +ji% 

Ok UTto 033 131 ft 3AM +JJ1 

Jul US 106 104ft IWft +m 

Prev. Seles 6.935 

l+6ft 116% 
163ft 118 

3+lto 131 

va ism 

173ft 102 


Prev. Day Open int. 40057 up4$1 

CORN tCBTJ „ ^ , 

SAX) Du mmlmum-dallarapar biNhel 
131 JJ3 Jul 2+5% 2J« 

131ft 2+0 

235 156 

no its 

121% 170ft 

186 171ft 

lUft 265V. 

Est. Sales 

SCO 261% 262ft 
Dec 2JS 159 
Mar 266ft 268ft 
Mar 271% 173ft 
Jul 273ft 27414 
See 160 260 

Prev. Saks 2M82 

274% 173ft -KOOft 
161 142 +JH 

2+7% 254% +61% 
166ft 26* +JB% 
271% 273ft +JJ3VS 
272ft 174ft +JB 
260 260 —65V. 

Prev. Day Open lnt.102+68 w>792 

saniMintairnum- dollars per bushel 
7.M S65 Jill S68ft £72. 

766 US 

6.71 363 Vi 

66* 571 



77* 669ft 

65* 665ft 

Est Soles 

Aim 576ft 576ft 

Sap 667ft $70ft 

Nov 535 577% 

xm* Jen U5U 587% 

572 Mar 5.94ft 5+8 

Mov 603 68® 

Jul 610 611ft 

Pnnr. Serins 2&31S 









671ft +J»lft 
671 +71 

568ft +00ft 
577% +61% 
687ft +61ft 
57S +61% 

666 +61 
611ft +61 

Prav-Dov Open ltd. 62A96 off 150 


JJBIoos-dolloryporftn _ 

19&5Q 12650 JUl 12060 12160 

18060 12360 

17960 12640 

18060 129.10 

1800 13440 

16600 137 JO 

W&30 14250 

16760 15460 

Est. Softs 

AW 123.10 «4|0 
SOP 12680 12763 
Oct 12670 U060 
Dec 13460 1*610 
Jan 137 JO 13860 
Mar UUD 144-» 
Mar 14760 14650 

Pi-ev.sam lObdoa 

11*70 121 A0 
12270 12440 
126JH 127AQ 


134J0 13566 
137 JO 13*00 
T4388 14360 
UM0 1^20 










Pm. Day Open Inf. Si+M up4U 


ITfll EMM 3 

i i !!ii“ 

2**0 2440 Mar 2610 26.W 2S» 

27+5 2440 Mar 2620 »» 35+1 

EsL Sales P rev. Salas JUDO 
Mw.Dn Open int. 56982 up 1.170 


fTrif 1 is. v 

lSft J Dec 166ft 167 166ft 1+7 

16t 5I 1+2 MS 161 161 161 161 
Esl Sales Pm. Sato 274 

Prev. Dav Open l»d- 2661 dfS 



46000 lbs.- cents par lb. 

6*60 SMS Jon 6115 6UB 4277 

6767 6045 Amp 6460 6482 6445 

65.90 60.10 Oct 4110 6340 4110 

6765 6160 Dec 64.10 4460 64.10 

67.45 62.10 Fob 6460 65.15 6467 

6767 6360 Apr 655® 66 60 6560 

Jun 6425 6425 662S 

Est. Sales 13454 Pm. Softs 13702 
Prev. Dev Open Int. 52683 aHU5 


44,000 lbs., cents nor ft. 

>3+0 6447 Aua 4*40 4870 

7100 6440 Sop 6*22 6*27 

7232 6475 Oct 4750 6763 

7120 6573 NOV 

7960 6640 Jan 7012 70.15 

70-10 66.10 Mir 

Est. Sates 523 Prev. Sales 482 

Pm. doy Open Int. 7741 up 91 

















30000 lbs.- cents per lb. 

5S+0 4*40 Jun 4*20 4*92 

55l77 4785 JW 5073 51.32 

5437 4777 AuO 5040 MS' 

51.75 4500 Oct 47.15 4765 

5085 4670 Dec 4*20 «65 

SUM 4675 Feb 4975 4975 

47 Js 4440 Apr 46J05 4675 

49 JK 4&ms Jun 4M® 4*60 

4975 4773 Jul 49.10 «.10 

Est. Sales 7,1*1 Pm. Sides *231 
Prev. Dor Open Int. 2X979 off 351 
























3*000 lbs.- amts P4T lb. 

8270 59 JD May 65.15 6675 

8X47 61.12 JUl 6475 6775 

BOAS 6070 Aug 667* 6665 

7670 6X15 Fob 7 3IB 7420 

7*40 6470 Mar 7165 7X90 

7540 70.10 Mov 

7680 mM JUl 

Est. Sales 5773 Pm. Sales 6708 
Pm. Day Open Int. 11+78 Up 204 






— .13 










— 40 





37+00 lbs.- cents per lb. 
moo 12X01 Mar 

14970 12100 Jul 14470 1446* 

14770 12700 Sep 14*60 14770 

Wd+J 12975 Dec 14*45 14*70 

14570 12*50 Mar 14375 14575 

1436C 13350 Jul 

14269 13275 Sap 

Est. Sales 1+04 Pm.Solae 1+67 
Pm. Dav Open Int. 12+05 up 70 

14*30 14*42 
1467S 147.12 
14*10 MA30 
14500 14500 







112+00 Rp.- cants per lb. 
9+5 202 Jul 
























































4+3. . 







Est. Softs 7+25 Pm. Softs 1*1*4 
Prev. Day Open Int. 90+34 off 554 

10 metric tons- * per ton 





































Est. Sales 1724 Pm. Softs 2+25 
Prev, Day Open I id. 2X402 off 272 


— 8 


Season Season 
Hbti Lew 

Open Hfttt Low Close Chg. 

IXWBml- cento per fo 

1*4 AS 14*70 Jul W475 14*00 

& kks 
is® ss 

18200 14*73 

161 JH 14220 

nano 162+0 
177+0 14*00 

142+0 MOO 
137+0 157+0 

I8SJB 17973 _ 

Est. Safes *50 Prov.RdK _ 566 
Pm. dcw Daw int, 3774 off 92 

Jul 14270 14320 

14*40 14*10 
14200 14*00 
141+0 14*00 
141+0 141 JO 
14225 14170 
14220 14170 


-cents per b. 

25j000 lb*- cents per L. 

92+0 5470 MOV 44+0 4*10 

6*55 U Jun jU UR 

8875 57J0 Jul 4*50 64+S 

82.10. 57+0 Sep 6X15 65X 

8*25 5*50 Dec 45+5 456S 

8*20 STM JG1 

8870 55+« Mar 4*50 44+0 

7460 4L10 May 6475 4*73 

74+0 5170 Jul 

7060 62J0 Sep 

7030 64+0 Dec 

7im 4530 Jan 

6*00 6*00 Mar „„„„ 

Est. Softs 5J»0 Pm. Soft! 7Xn 
Prev. Day Open Int 8X765 UP 315 

4*70 43+5 
43+0 63+5 
6420 4*40 
44+0 6XU 
65+5 45+0 
4*50 6630 
66J3 6*85 


— JS 
— 35 
— 75 
— *3S 











8X90 47+0 May 

48+5 Jun 

4*30 Jul 4*50 48+0 

+975 SOP 4935 4935 

50A5 Ok 

5175 Jan 

51+5 Mar 

53+5 May 

5*30 Jul 

51 A0 Sep 

M ar 

Eat Softs 55 Prev-Satas 97 

Pm. Day Open Int. 2334 off 13 
5AQ0 troves.- canto par (rev K- 
1513+ 553+ May 417+ 417+ 

m« 614+ Jun 612+ MU 

562+ Jul 622+ 623+ 

572+ Sap 632+ 432+ 

590+ D« 64*0 64*0 

607+ Sr 65*0 44*5 


Jul 675+ (79+ 















667+ Dec 699+ 700+ 
723L0 Jan 

71 8+ Nftr 718+ 71*0 
Est Softs 17+00 P rev. Sat» 1 1J41 
Pm. Day Open int 7*073 off258 


50 tm a*.- dMlors nertrav o*. 

26620 230+0 MaV 

217+0 251+0 Jun .. 

449J9 2J2-2S SJS 

393+0 OCt 27*50 

37X50 260+0 Jan 281+8 

Est Sales 2.1S2 Free. Sales 1377 
Pm. Dav Open lid. 1X142 off 271 

100 trorar- dollars per ai 

114J0 111+0 May 

UrS msro Jun 10775 HAS 

141.73 10450 Sep 10*50 10*75 

14150 105+0 Dec 10*50 10650 

127^ 106+0 Mar 10*90 10*25 

114+0 114+0 Jun 

Est. sales i*?S7 Frey.Sole* 830 
Pm. Day Open int. 7+n up27 

ISO fray aL-do/Zars per fray az __ 

327 rn 292+0 MOV 315+0 3U+0 

51*00 387 JM Jun 31*70 31750 

32850 32*50 Jul 

405+0 SUM Aua 320+0 321+0 

mOO 297+0 OCt 324+0 32470 

40950 30150 Dec 32820 329+0 

48550 306+0 Feb 333+0 333+0 

49450 J14L70 Apr 

435.719 32050 Jun 

42*40 331+0 AUO 34750 34750 

39S70 335+0 Oct 

393+0 342+0 Dec 3S7+Q 

Est Softs Prev. Softs 2 

Pm. Day Open int.139553 up 403 

10450 18*45 
10350 10355 
10XA5 10355 
10450 16X65 

— 3+5 

315+0 31550 
315+0 31*10 
31850 31950 

i n nA wim 

327+0 327.70 
332+0 33220 
34750 3(7+0 

357+0 357+0 


summon- p?s of 100 pd. 

92+0 >7.14 Jun 9258 92AS 

9X49 8*94 SW 9V& 92M 

9ZJ3B KJ7 DOC 91+3 91+9 

9179 8*60 Mar 9154 9155 

9157 87+1 Jul 91+8 91+8 

91+4 88+0 S#P 91.12 91.13 

91+4 89+5 Dec 90+3 10+] 

90A5 8958 Mar SHOT 90+2 

Est.Safts *745 Pm. Softs 7,104 
Pm. Day Open In* 38+07 off 1+35 

9257 92A3 
9X26 92+5 
91+2 9158 
9151 9153 
9L33 91+6 
9L12 9L14 
90+3 90+4 
9072 9Q+3 



noamo prht- ets & SMtonao act 
B5-19 705 Jun 84-19 8*31 

84-18 75-15 Sep 83-18 8X29 

83-30 75-13 Dec 82-15 8X28 

B2-24 75-14 Mar 81-09 8X2 

82-3 7*30 Jun 

Est. Sales Pm. Sales 1Z8B6 

Pm. Day Open lot 5*052 UPM9T 

8*16 8*30 
83-15 83-28 
82-15 82-21 
81-30 8X3 







(8pct-S1O0+O0«(a X32ndsof WPcf) 











































































Est Sales Prev.Saftsi4l.39l 

Prev, Day Open Int229,961 up 1043 


1100+00 prln-pts* 32nd* ofl DO oct 

72-30 57-17 Jun 72-17 72-19 

7X9 59-13 Sep 72-1 72-5 

72-3 5M DOC 

71-6 5*20 Mar 70-30 714 

70-27 53-2$ Jun 

6031 65 Sep 

Est Gales Pm.Sales 314 
Pm. Day Open Hit. *315 an 134 

72-14 7X18 
71-31 72-4 
7030 71-3 

+ 5 



SI million- pts of 100 pd 
92+9 0530 Jun 93+0 92+0 

91+9 85+0 Sep 9152 9152 

9JJ0 8534 DOC 9D7 91.17 

91+5 8*56 Mar 

•M65 8*53 Jun 

9054 67 JM Sep 

_88+9 1*34 Dec . 

Est Sales 338 Prev. Sale* 546 

Pm. Dav Open Int. 5+54 off231 

9X19 9X27 
9157 9153 
91.17 9L13 

— >12 




SI ntf Hian-pti of No pet. 

91+0 8259 Jim 91+9 91+5 

909 8*33 Sep 91-22 91 J6 

90+9 84A0 Dec 9078 90A2 

9066 8*10 Mar 9053 9053 

9036 8*73 Jim 90+9 9*13 

91 A9 91+4 
9141 91+4 
9071 9076 

90+6 9037 
90+4 90+S 

Open HWi L+w Oom Pm, 

Season Senon 
HtStl LOW 

nus >r+i Sep 2-S Sn S-2 

s” S3 as 88 “ 


s'sr , tiarsi d is , jgs as 

iig is sisaisi 

iSaa i+6» Mar 3-^5 

lMI L1905 JiKI _ , 13335 

^£lafts 12547 prev. Soft* l*Kf 
Pm- DOY Open Int. 4A*» upMN 

3§s » w 

nu 3DU Dec -7231 7231 7230 322* 

j»5 38? SS 7236 723* 7ZM ^07 

3*5 7070 _ Jun. +N 


— ai 






— IS 


^S^JBBrSTMnm « « 

■ISJ8 3S a:SB»:SSiS! 

ftsf. Softs 906 Prev^sft* 

Prev. Day Open Int 155* otlio 

^ ^ ^ 

KX5 7930 Sep J2g ^80 ^ -3274 

J610 7971 Dee 3380 3293 32E) ^9 

+D40 Mar 3328 

E^des 2XBK prev.Saha 31506 
Praw. Dav Oaen Int 51+B w® 

SItS Dk jD^W+04W«Sj»ens 

Pm- Dav Open int. 17+37 off 691 


Spur ftnonc-l point ewupftSOggOl 

anm +439 Jun 3855 +877 3846 +871 

5BSB sS 3881 3306 3OT +899 

sun TO] dk J915 JV18 J906 JOT 

2ns JSK Mar JW0 

1MW Pf*v-|d-«550 
Pm. Day Open int. 2*672 off 81 


— n 


— IS 



130000 bd. ft- Spwl +00 

230+0 129+0 

197+0 1US0 

187+0 14450 

195JM 1+0+0 

17*50 151+0 

mtu 174+0 — 

Est Sr*— X299 Prev. Sales 2746 
P^D^dmlnt 9JMUPS26 

Jul 162+a wan isxio 15&10 —5+0 

Sep 16130 16150 15*50 156+0 —5+0 
TAtim 16X30 15*37 79*30 —530 
SS? UUn iSlO 15970 UMO -5+0 
£, 16*50 167.10 166+0 16350 — S+0 
May 170+0 170+D 16730 167+0 —S+0 
Jud 181+0 181+0 181+0 17850 -6+0 


awmt^.-nftPWlb. 45J8 *1+5 6*62 —M 

?? jo 63+1 Oct 6X00 63A0 63+1 fil+1 -30 

n+0 0+5 Dec 6375 6X78 63+0 6X60 —45 

7*75 6456 Mar 6476 6476 6456 64+6 —77 

moo *579 Stay 4550 6550 6520 6546 -77 

7D+5 SS JUl 6570 *570 6555 6555 ^35 

OW Od 62+0 6X50 6225 63+5 -JS 
Est Saha 3300 Prev. Sates LI 50 
Open int 1X130 offiOS 
































71 JD 




































Prev. Soft* 9325 

Pm. Day Open Int 18+32 up 690 

^St'^SSTSt 27 JD 2752 


29+0 2465 OCt 2*31 2*65 

29+0 2440 Nov 3*20 26+0 

29+0 23+0 DK 2*10 2*45 

Elt Sales Prev. Softs 9770 

Pm. Day Open Int SA134 off 3+31 

26+8 27+9 4-59 

2*26 27.13 4-51 

2*37 3175 47* 

2*9 2*65 +78 

2*30 2655 +70 

2*10 2555 +74 

Stock indexes 

point-jand cents ^ ^ 

tf l yt 160+0 Sep 19X65 19X10 

mS T7570 CM 19SM 1«« 

30075 190.10 MOT 199+0 199JU 

Est. Sales 36590 Prev. Sates 467S2 
Prev. Day Oaen Int 67AT2 off 1570 
paints and cents 

71950 179+0 Jun 201+5 20270 

21X30 18175 Sep 20*60 30*60 

213+0 200+0 Doc 

Est.Safts Pm.Sales 3+24 

Pm. Day Oaen Int. 7758 off 412 
po i nt s and cents 

11070 90+0 Jun 10960 109+0 

11X20 9175 Sep m+s jaw 

115.15 10170 DK 113+5 113+5 

11770 109+0 Mar 115+5 1U+5 

Est Sales 7742 Pm.Sales 5.127 
Pm. Dor Open int 1X001 off 47 

188+5 18875 
19X05 H235 
19555 19555 
19870 19870 

200+5 200+5 
204+5 20*95 

— UV 

109.15 10X35 
DUO 11755 
113+5 11355 
I15AS 11555 





Commodity Indexes 



DJ. Futures. 

92000 f 


Com. Research Bureau- 
Moody's : base 100 : Dec 31. 1931. 
p- preliminary; I -final 
Reuters : base 100 : Sep. 18, 1931. 
Dow Jones : base 100 : Dee 31, 1974. 

914.90 f 

Market Guide 







CWcnoo Boon! of Trade 
CMcobo Mercantile, Exchange 
Int erna tional Monet ar y Market H 
Of Chlcnoo Meramttto Excbanae 
New York Cocoa, Swear, CbffteN 

New York Cotton E*t» __ 

' r ExchoM New York 


New York Mercantile Exch ange 
Kwnaa atv Board of Trade 
New York Futures Exchange 

Hlak LOW BM^Alk 


Stoning Mr metric tan 
AUO 97+0 9460 9*80 9760 
10060 nun loom 10050 

105+0 10460 10*20 10660 
11960 11770 11860 119+0 
122+0 12150 122+0 12370 
12850 12760 12760 120+0 
13X00 132+0 13170 13370 






Volume: 1742 Ids of 50 ten* 

■850 99 A0 
122+0 123+0 
137 JO 12X00 
131A0 131+0 


Stirling per metric ten 
MCy 17*7 1740 1740 1,765 1756 1760 

1794 1787 1787 1789 1755 1787 
1778 17*9 1770 

1779 1,773 177* ..... x 

1748 1.740 1742 1743 1740 1745 

1758 1731 1751 1753 1750 1731 

1745 1763 1763 1,765 1762 1764 

1775 1,775 1710 1775 17*5 1735 

Volume: 1663 tats of 10 tans. 

Asian Commodities 

May 23 


Close previous 
MM Lew Bid Aik Bid Ask 
MOV - N.T. N.T. 315+0 317+0 316+0 318+0 
Jim _ N.T. N.T. 315+0 317+0 317+0 319+0 
Jly_ N.T. N.T. 317+0 319+0 3T9+0 321+0 
Aug _ _ N.T. ^LT. 319+0 HI JO 320+0 322+0 

Od _ EKB : 

mini tm m 32*00 326+0 

Volume: 24 lots of 100 m. 

UAA ner ounce 



High Low Settle Settle 
31650 31*00 31650 31750 

N.T, N.T. 32050 32150 

32X50 321.10 3«5n 32350 
. N.T. N.T. 32450 32550 


sterling per metric ton 
MOy 2+71 2+51 2+69 

JIV 11 16 2+93 ill. 

Sen X162 X142 X162 

NO* UQ5 2.184 2.702 

Jen 2730 2J1I 2777 

Mar 2710 2710 2713 

Mey N.T. N.T. XI90 

Volume: 2513 ftfs of 5 to 








2+32 2+40 
2+82 2+83 
X129 1130 
1171 1176 
2707 2709 
X1BS X19B 
lies xi9o 



U+. donor* Mr metric tea 

71575 21*50 218+0 21*50 21*75 21775 
21*00 21450 215.75 216+0 2I57S 21550 
21775 21*23 217+0 21 7 JO 21*70 217+0 
N.T. N.T. 21*50 221+0 21*50 219+0 
N.T. NT. 220+0 22400 219J0 222+0 
N.T. N.T, 222+0 228+0 222+0 Z25+0 
N.T. N.T. 22X00 232+0 223+0 228+0 
N.T. N.T. 223+9 232+0 222+0 230+0 
N.T. N.T. 221 JM 232+0 220+0 23X00 

Volume: 577 lots of 100 tons, 

Sources: Rnrfim end London Pctmlcum Ex- 
cnanpe fpas pfM. 





U.5. Treasury B31 Rates 
May 23 


3-monlti 133 

Unonm 752 

Ora rear 767 

BM Yield Yield 

7J0 755 733 

750 781 781 

7*5 575 *2) 

Sower- Saftown Biulhms 

To Onr Readers 

The S & P 300 index opticas 
were not available in this editon 
because of transmission delays. 

Mazda Mm Raise US Output 

Lot Angtles Times Senice 

TOKYO — Mazda Motor Co. 
may enlarge the plant capacity of 
its Flat Rock. Michigan, plant to 
increase its sales in the U.S. market 
after 19S8 because it will be “quite 
difficult " to increase exports of 
Japanese-made cars. Mazda's pres- 
ident. Kenichi Yamamoto, said- 

To Oar Readers 

The Deutsche marie futures op- 
tions were not available in this edi- 
ton because of transmission delays. 

Valuing: 100 lots ol 100 a* 

Matavafan rants par Uta 

Cioso prarknii 

BM 4A BM Ask 

Jim 195+0 19SJ0 191.73 19X50 

Jiv 19475 195+0 19X75 19X50 

19iL7*j 1?*50 195+Q 196+0 

199+0 177 JO 19*50 


Volume: 27 Lots, 

smaapere rants aer Mia 

Don Previ ew s 

BM Ask Bid Aik 

RSS 1 Jun_ 17*30 171J30 1AB7S 16*80 

RSSlJly_ 17075 I70JS 16*3 1*973 

RSS 2 Jun— 16*50 169 JO 167 JO 168J0 

RS5 3 Jun_ 16*50 1*7 JO 1UJ0 164M 

RSS 4 Jim— 162JQ 16450 161 JO 16X58 

RSS 5 Jun- 157 JO 159 JO 15*50 15*50 

Malaysian ringgits per 25 tans 

„S“* Ask 

Jun TJE3 UM 

Jiv uia 

Aug U10 1710 

Sep 1+90 1.130 

OCt 1+80 LI 10 

NOV 1+60 1+90 

JOT 1+S 1+7K 

MOT 1+40 1+1+ 

May . 1+30 1+60 

Valuing: 0 tots of 25 tens. 
Source: flwifes 





















London Metals 

May 23 


smuna per inttrictod 
<pgt 874+0 B7M0 87*50 

forward 900+0 9+1+0 898+0 

BM As 




170330 1JO4+0 1,197 JO 1,198+0 


COPPER C ATHOD E* (Standard) 

Sterling per metric tan M m 

1.193+8 U94+0 1.147+0 I.1OT+0 
1J91+0 170130 1,186+0 I.UE+0 


Slerilne per metric too 

npat 299+0 301+0 294m jP*+0 

taraard 30*50 30S+0 198* V9JX 


nerllin per ^75+0 4+85+0 

438*00 4390+0 *415+0 *420+0 




*00 486+0 487+0 
581+0 50X00 901+0 sn+o 

TIN (Standard) 

Starling per metric ton 

raot 9600+0 960S+0 9370+0 9373+0 

Mrarard 9 j 2£+0 VjS+0 9^+0 9339+0 


Sterling pgr metric tea 
mot *4X00 *44+0 6J7+Q 139+0 

forward 651J0 45X90 *45+0 *4*00 



Nlati Low EM 

Franck francs per metric too 

Ask arg* 

M.T. 1608 

AIM 1^4 17*5 

E S \3& 

Si SS P 

Aug N.T. N 

EsL VPl.: M2 loti 
softs: 1743 IMs. open Inftres: 


French francs per 188 ka 
May N.T. N.T. KA 

sw 2+n x^ti 2 m 

S SS 3S 
jT a?: $?: '^1 

EsLvol.: 9 ftftpf 10 tom. Pm. 
92 Iota. Open Interest: Ml 

Zl3> UnctK 
X07B —6 
2+40 — 0 

“2 =18 
— —10 
actual soft*: 

francs per MO kn 
May 2+50 1346 2725 

Jly N.T. N.T. 2648 

Sep 2320 2310 2370 

E vneeg 

AVjy *LT. 7*7. 3£K 

Est. vol.: 64 left of 5 taro. Pm. 
8 lets. Open imeresT: 372 
Source: Bcvrttdu Commerce. 

Dividends May 23 


Per Amt Pay Rec 

Demtar Inc Q 64 9-15 0-15 

Superior Indu* a +5 7-19 7-a 


Mercury Svg & Loon _ 6% 7-15 



Casey's General Stores — _3-for-2 
Central Reserve ute-— 34wN! 
Comcast Core — Md-5 . 
Dudex Products — 2-for-l 
Superior /ndusfrtts— 5-for*4 

Amur Bankers insur 
Amer Express 
Arkansas Best 
Baltimore G & El 
Bell Canada Enter 
Benefldal Cora 

Brit. Columbia TM 
Cal First Bank 
Ccrflm O’Keefe 
dona Cora 
duett. Feebedv Co 
Color. Natl Bnshrs 
Comcast Carp 
Constellation Bnco 
DepesH Guaranty 
Duplex Product* 
Eastern Gas & Fuel 
First Atlanta 
First Jersey Natl 
Fgt OMn Bcneihares 
F si Sunos Bk Florida 


Q . 71 6-30 6-7 

0 .12% 6-31 *7 

O 32 8+ 7-5 

.10 7-fl 6-24 

35 7-1 6-10 

5 7- IS 6-14 

JO 6-30 




7-1 *10 
*14 6-3 

7-1 4-10 
7-13 6-14 
7-1 6-7 

7-10 4-12 
6-24 6-14 

Keegan (MJ 
Liberty FdSXL Pa 
MarUi Supermar. 
Motfs Suoermar. 
Nike Inc 
Penn PEL 
Petrie Stares 
Porter Co 

Prime Motor Inns 

Russ Tabs 
society Cara 
Sun Own Cara 
Tecumseh Praduets 
Time* Mirror 

Ultra Bancorp 





0 JO 6-14 Ml 

0.18ft 7-15 4-28 

0 D *27 46 

- J1 7-31 7-3 

Q J8 6-15 5-J1 

a 35 7-1 6-21 

Q. II ft 7-9 6-U 

a 32 ft 7-1 64 

0 JS 6-29 6-7 

Q .17 7-1 *7 

0 65 6-38 6-7 

a 65 6-14 *7 

O 30 6-28 6-14 

o 66 Vj 6-28 6-l4 

Q 39 A-2B *7 

G +4 7-15 6-14 

O .10 6-15 HO 

8 .12 3-2 7-19 

+5 0-3 8-12 

- .U 6-21 63 

G 64 7-1 6-10 

Q JS 6-28 6-14 

- 30 *14 *3 

Q 55 % 7-31 7-4 

Q .19 7-15 6-2B 

Q 66 6-15 6-4 

0 .12 7-1 6-U 

a 30 4-20 6-U 

Q J4 9-10 B-23 

Q +2 6-2B 4+ 

0 30 7-3 6-17 

a-AkbupI; M-Meatbhr; a-QwtrtarTy; S-3*ttl- 

Source; UPI, 

Commodity and Halt 
Coffee 4 Sonto* lb 

printdotti 44/M 38 ft, vd _ 

Steel billets (pi trj. ten 

Iron 2 Fdrv. Philo, ton 
Steel scrap No 1 Iwy Plft. _! 
Lead Spat, lb 

■ Nl IGll “•■■I# HI I 

Zinc, E.ST.L. Bask. lb. 

Palladium. « 

Sliver N.Y.oz — 

Source: AP. 




















Japan's Ante Output 
Set Record in April 


TOKYO — The Japanese auto 
industry set a monthly production 
record in April of 1,085,589 vehi- 
cles, compared to the former record 
of 1.085J32 in March and 952,645 
a year earlier, the Japan Auto Man- 
ufacturers Association said Thurs- 

An association spokesman at- 
tributed the rise to fewer restric- 
tions on car exports to the U.S. and 
higher truck demand from North 
America and Pima Japan pro- 
duced 658,745 cars in April, com- 
pared to 669,176 in M&reh and 
591,625 a year earlier, and 418,422 
trucks, compared to 407,987 and 
356,050, and 8,422 buses, com- 
pared to 8,169 and 4,970. 

Paris Man Is Held 
In Extortion Bid 

Agotce Frmcs-Pnsse 

PARIS — French police have 
arrested a psychoanalyst for send- 
ing a threatening letter to Yves 
Saint Laurent, the fashion deagn- 
cr, demanding 500,000 francs, po- 
lice officials said Thursday. 

They said that Claude Hard, 39, 
had confessed to sending the letter 
and another one to Chantal Pain- 
vin, head of a children s fashion 
company, demanding the same 
amount — about 554,000 — be- 
cause of financial problems. 

The letters were purportedly 
from the Revolutionary Committee 
Against War, which supposedly 
was linked to the extremist Islamic 
Jihad movement Islamic Jihad has 
claimed kidnappings and bomb- 
ings in the Middle East Mr. Hard 
was arrested when he went to Mrs. 
Pamvin io collect the money, say- 
ing he was acting as a messenger. 



Tobias tadwto the nottomride prices 
uptoffledosineonWuU Street 
and da not reflect late trades elsewhere. 

13 Month 
HWi Low Stack 

Siv Oo» _ 

Dlv- Ylg. PE IPfaHtati Low Quot Chyc 

86 72 

36% 29% 
15% 6% 

8 4 

34% 38ft 
3% ft 
9% sn 
32 1«% 

15 2ft 
19ft 14ft 

51 48ft 
24 18ft 
18% 14ft 
10ft 6% 
19% 12 
26% 18ft 
29ft 22ft 
53 2B% 

84ft 75% 
42% Wfe 
35% 18ft 
31 12 

25ft 23% 
44% 29% 
2SW M% 
23% U 
35 % 21 ft 
23% Mft 
14 11 

lift 1ft 

(Continued from Page 10) 

MMM 330 45 
NUntt. X» 73 

Mobil X9B 49 



MqhOK 60 13 

Monreb 30 47 
Mornon M SJ 

U 15M 
■ 115 
11 4057 

IS lit 
n 2125 

MonPw X00 S6 

130a I 


MONY +8 9+ 
Moans J2 U 
MoorM 1+4 <1 
fflonw of 2JD *3 

Morons 3J0 U 
Moran of 7J7b U 
MarKnd 168 U 
Morses +0 37 

MSRfy L78e 1 9 
64 X0 

Mot tuna .. 
Matarta 64 1+ 
Munfftf 34 22 

MarpO 1+0 36 
MurryO 60 35 
MutOm 164B1Q6 

25 2 

11 2261 

9 2749 


9 16* 

u u 

14 509 
8 3506 
M 46 
13 93 

11 124 

8 473 

11 4582 
U 5 
2D 3 

12 325 

10 10 


71 77ft 
36 35 

8 7ft 

6% 4ft 

7 Cft 
Zlft 31ft 

2% m 

17% 17ft 
41 47ft 
24ft 23% 



80 29 

51% 49ft 
04 83% 

42ft 41ft 
21ft 21ft 
20% 17% 
33% 32ft 

77ft— ft 
35% — % 
7%— % 
Oft— ft 

24% Zt 
21 Z1 
29% 29ft 
17ft 17% 
Uft U% 
7% 1ft 



31% + % 
2ft— % 

17ft— % 

47% — % 
23ft— % 
18ft + ft 
9%— % 
30 +1 

49% -1ft 
14 + % 

42ft + ft 

21ft + % 
19% — % 
32ft— % 
33 — ft 
»% + % 
21 — % 
29ft— % 











M NAFCO 1+0 *3 T7 

40 NBD 
12% NBI 
20% NCR 
IDft NLInd 
25% NU1 
ft NVF 
33ft NWA 

260 36 


U2 3+ 10 
+8 3+9 
30 1+ 

232 *6 9 

+0 2 + (8 














12 % 













































38ft NCkseS 266 4.1 13 

21 Naira UD 49 U 

21% Nashua 7 

10ft mows J6 3+ 13 
22% NcdOtsf 220 76 33 
16% NOtxtpr 1+5 W 
11% Nat Edo 14 

U» NatFGo IM 63 7 
19ft NFS of X30 103 

Z7 NotGVP 2+0 46 6 
2ft NtHMP 

23% Nil JS 1+ *1 
32ft Nil pi 5d00 *8 
17% MIME 32 1+ 14 
6% NMlnaS 

22% NtPrast LOO 38 12 
9ft NtSemi 13 

21ft N« vein 1+0 36 11 
lift NS fond 60 28 II 
10 Nercan 64e *2 7 
21% NevPw 1» W 9 
lift NevP pf 160 116 
14% NmrPpf 174 1*2 
19 NevP pi 230 1U 
14ft NcvPpf 1+5 TL4 
8ft NevSvL 60 47 I 
31ft NEnaEt 360 86 7 

71% NEnPpf 276 1*0 
22% KJRSC 2+4 76 10 
16% NY5EG 244 97 7 
24 NYSPf 375 11+ 
S5ft NYSPf 8JN 1X1 

uft NYSPf xi2 ru 

24 NYSpfD X75 113 
13% Newell BUM 
32% Newtial V+8e18J 34 
11% Newbll 478e3L9 
7% NwflUft 270C31+ 

31 Newmt 1+0 22 41 
1% Nwpork „ 

T3ft NtaMP 2+8 107 7 

22 NlaMpf 260 1LB 
24% NlaMpf *90 126 
26 NlaMpf 4.10 11+ 

34 NlaMpf *25 125 
38ft NlaMpf *10 123 
26ft NlaMpf 61e 2J 
15 NiagSh 1+5*127 
10% Nlcafet .12 J 
24ft NICOK 3+4 93 
12ft NoblA! .12b + 45 
48ft Nurfk5o 240 SJ 9 
14ft Martin 

29% Norsk- 240 57 9 

12 Norttk +8+6 
43% NACoal LIB XI 7 
29ft NAPhD 1+0 24 0 
13% NEurO l+8e 87 11 
10% NaeStUT 136 93 * 
10% NlndPS 1+6 MB 8 
36 NoStPw 124 *8 8 
31% NSPwPf 4.10 1L1 
29% Nortel +0 
2% Ntbgata 

27% Nartrva 130 26 12 
40ft Nwtlnd 268 48 2D 
t9% Nwtf> Of 234 1*5 
8ft NwStW 

30% Norton 2+0 57 12 
21ft Norwst 1+0 7+ 15 
48ft Nwstpf *lle113 
2Dft Nava 36e J 13 
38 Nucor 60 LI it 

S% NYnIx «7i I 


37 18% 
17 46% 

343 17 
190 42% 
5177 29% 
653 11% 

15 3S% 
536 ft 
97S 4SM 
91* 65ft 
782 24ft 

49 27% 
121* lift 
375 29ft 
65 19ft 
1» 15ft 

402 «ft 

17 4ft 
57104 24% 

3 56ft 
2475 28% 
6 8% 

18 26ft 
2006 11 

201 29ft 

12 14ft 

11 19% 
170 29% 
3501 U% 
100* 17ft 

13 17% 
42 10% 
84 42% 

2 27ft 
59 27ft 

188 25% 
. 58Z 32ft 
1 19 

3 30ft 
168 16 
45 S4ft 

38 IS 
47 Cft 

543 44ft 
226 1% 
xm im 
20x 28% 
500x 31 
108 26ft 

49 15ft 
21 U% 

2B71 33% 
311 15% 
656 67ft 
8 14% 
42 42 
230 1A% 
56 52% 
454 41ft 

50 11% 
1604 17 
25G 11% 

in 47% 

1477 37% 
6 4ft 
70$ 46ft 
2955 56 
3 22ft 

16 9 
70 35% 


12 4% 
•57 86ft 

18% 16% — ft 
6* 6* —ft 

16% 16% — ft 
41% 41% — ft 
28ft 29ft + ft 
11% 11% 

23% 24% + % 
27ft 27% + ft 
11% lift 4- ft 

19ft 19ft + ft 
15ft 15ft + % 
28 28 
22% 22%— % 
46% 45 — ft 
4 4ft + ft 
94 2«%— ft 

Sift 56ft 

2m 28% 

8ft 8%— % 
35ft 26ft— % 
10% 10%~ft 
29 29ft + % 
IM 14ft + % 
12ft 13% + ft 
29 29ft + % 
14 14 

17ft T7ft— % 
20ft 20ft— ft 
16% 14ft— % 
IM 10% 

42ft 42ft— ft 
27ft 27ft + ft 
27% 27ft + % 
34ft 25% + ft 
32ft 32ft + ft 
71 TZft +1ft 
(9 10 — ft 

30ft 30ft— % 
16 16 4- ft 

53% 54ft +1% 
14% IS 
8ft 8ft — % 
44ft 44%—% 
1ft 1% 

19ft 19ft + ft 
28% 28% + % 
31 31 —ft 

34ft 34ft +1 
42 42 —ft 

49 49ft— ft 

26% 26ft— % 
15% 15% + ft 
14ft 14ft 
32% 32% — % 
15% 15% 

66% 66% 4-1 
14% 14% 

41ft 4T% 
lift 16% + % 
52 52% — ft 

41% 41% — % 
17% 18% 4- % 
16% 17 
II 11% 

47% 47ft 
26% 37 - ft 
36% 36% —1 
4ft 4ft 
45% 46 — ft 
55% 55% 

22ft 22ft 
9 9 4- ft 

35% 35%—% 
25% 2S%— % 
54% 54ft— % 
30ft 38% + ft 
+■ ft 

36% 36ft 
4% 4% 

84% 84%— 1ft 

5% 1% 
36 23% 

34% 33ft 
17 9ft 
50% 40% 
23% 20% 
20% 17% 
22 18% 
53ft Aft 
113 105% 
Mi )01ft 
32% 22 
31% 24ft 
15ft 9% 
31ft 22ft 
34 25% 

34ft 25% 

36 26ft 

J5ft 41 
56 42 

82 45 

26ft 18% 

30 21 
15ft II 
68% 51 
H 76 
17U lift 
*4% 51ft 

31 25ft 

■m is 

109 9B 
66 51% 

26% lift 
•% 7 
36% 26% 

26 5% 
19ft 13% 
33% 26% 
26ft 10% 
13ft 7% 

27 10ft 

18% 8ft 
1® 6ft 
21% 26 
31ft 18% 
33ft 17% 
19 13 

37 25ft 
44% 31% 
US 96 

15% 10ft 


OaklteP 1+1 4+ 
OodPot 230 *0 
OcdP+fXM 4 4 
OOdPPf ZS0 1*9 
OcdP pf Z12 10J 
OcdPpf 230 11+ 
OcdP Pf *33 11+ 
OecfPpnXSO 14+ 
OccfPf 14+2 13+ 
□DECO 1+0 42 
Oaden 1+0 *2 
OtiloEd 1+5 1X3 
OtlEd pf 350 12+ 
Oh Ed pf 4+0 1X1 
OtlEd pf 4+4 111 
OtlEd pf 4+6 134 
CflEdPf 7+4 1X5 
OtlEd pf 7J6 13+ 
OtlEd Pt BJ0 133 
OftEdpf 350 TX2 
OtlEd PT X92 133 
OtlEd pf 1+0 11+ 
OtlEd Pf 9.12 12+ 
ahEpf 10+8 1X0 
OhMotr +0 14 
OflPpfB 7+0 11+ 
OtiPpfH 325 1X6 
OtlPpfO 2+7 11+ 
OfiP pfAIAOO 12+ 
OhPpfD 7+6 11 J 
OklaGE X08 8+ 
OkloOpf JB 1*0 
OUn 1+0 4J 

Oneida JO SJ 
OranRk 2+4 7J 
Orange +» 49 
OrtonC +8 27 

Orton pf M *1 
Orion pf 2+5 9.1 
OuttxlM +4 2+ 
OvrnTr +2 2+ 
OVSMP .50 X4 
OmenC 148 4+ 
Owenlll 1+Bb 37 

3341 1% IM 1% 

11 U 31 30% 30% 

10 2608 31ft 31 31% 

2 12 % 12 % 12 % 
1 40ft 49ft 49ft 
5 23 23 23 

7 10ft 10ft 19ft 
1 20 ft 20 % 20 % 
38 53% 53ft 53% 
83 110% 110% 110% 
15 107% M7ft 107% 
17 131 24 21ft 23% 
14 136 25ft 28ft 28ft 
6 1966 15% 15ft 15% 
100X 31 31 31 

100X 33% 33% 33% 
dte34 34 *4 

10x34 34 34 

MOz 53ft 53ft 53ft 
701 56ft 56ft 56ft 
30210x62 60ft 61ft 
19 26ft 26% 

24 29% 20 wp 
35 15% 13 15% 

100X 68 68 M 

Ut87 87 87 

M 42* 12 11% lift 

50X64 64 64 

1 30% 38% 38% 
14 10% 10 19% 

leoxtam io|ft 

— % 
— % 

— ft 
+ ft 
+ ft 

— ft 
+ % 
+ % 
+ % 

— % 
— % 

— ft 
+ % 

— % 
+ % 
+ % 

Ownllpf 4+5 3J 
OxtanT +4 3+ 

10 *« 24 

SBOt 8 
0 185 31% 
131 6ft 
9 47 13ft 

10 334 33 
9 108 26% 

13 Ml 11 
261 28ft 
38 642 HU 
2 8% 
112 30% 
10 *66 25% 
12 258 29% 
W 1019 15 
■ 394 33 
10 1153 45ft 
1 113 

12 no im 


— 1 

— ft 

— % 
+ % 

+ ft 
— ft 

31ft 31% 
6% 6% 
i3% im 

32ft 32ft 
2* 26 
10 % 10 % 




20ft 29% 
WH 14% 
34% 35 
45ft 43% 
135 133 

12% 13 

— % 

— ft 
+ ft 
+ ft 

— % 
— % 
— % 

— ft 

— % 
+ ft 
+ ft 
— % 
+ J* 

— ft 

— % 

ParkPn +2 2+ 59 
P ul Plrt _ 4 

PayNP +0 4+ 12 

P?W=f M J? 

Peabdy +0 2J 21 

PHH +8 28 13 490 31ft 21ft gift— % 

PPG 1+0 4+ 0 1157 39% 30 89% + ft 

PSA +0 2+ 55 32 23ft 25% 25ft— % 

PSAdBf 190 9+ 8 19ft 19% 19ft 

POCAS 1+4 11+ 15 14 13% 13H— % 

PacOE 1+4 9+ ■ 2357 19% 10% im 

PocUh 3+2 7J 12 2062 45M 43ft 44 —(ft 

PcLum 1+0 4+ 15 30 25% 25ft »}- % 

pacRai +5r+80 7S 9% 9ft ,0% + S 
PocRapf 2+0 1*5 11 10 If?? !* +ft 

KSS. A Ys ’9 1 rA T T ^=i w 

asRrifi is* s sargr’fi 

Palm Be 1+0 XI 17 » 38ft Wft 

SSJff - 70 “ , ,5iS^£^ 2 i-' fc 

Paddril +0 1+ 20 340 16ft U* 16ft— ft 

PanhEC 2+0 59 11 1 85 39% 39 30 — W 

PCMTtPr 22 2073 «* «ft 6% 

Poprcft +0 44 15 479 18ft 18% IM — ft 

Partfyn 32 22X1 im 11% JM- % 

ParkBe 10 48 14% 13ft 13%—% 

ParfcDrt J« 2+ 148 6% Cft *M 

- 1.12 3+ 10 1365 31% 31 nib— % 

606 19% 18% It + % 

594 2ft 2% 2% 

187 13% U% 13% 

S44 20% 3Bft 30% 

's * ns ■* 

737 SB 56% 57% +% 

335* 50% 49% 40% + % 

637 26% 25ft »%— ft 

60E37U 37ft 37ft— ft 
7D* 71M 71ft 71ft + M 
1* 28ft 2M 28ft 

10 Sft 29ft 25ft 
10 x 68 68 68 —ft 

27 27% 27ft 27% 

29 30ft 30Vh 30%+ % 
70* 96 95ft 96 +1 

2<bW2ftlB2M 102ft 
202 63ft 63ft 63ft— ft 

PaPLpr 1+0 124 18h 70ft W<h 70% + % 

PemriT 2+0 S3 12 17 37 3 6ft 37 + % 

PanvPf UO 72 38 22% 21% 22% 

pmrol 2 30 44 21 1965 51% soft 50ft— % 

PM>En 1+0 *8 7 234 18ft 17% T7%— % 

PeiSfty A in 117 <2% 42ft 47ft— ft 
pipSc* l+B3JS2fl77 56%S5M5i -ft 
PertB J* 2+ 13 4591 23ft 25 25% — ft 

PnnlQfl U1aU9 2H 8ft B 8ft + ft 
PervDr 35 1+ U IK m WW m- % 
Petrie 1+0 X5 15 54 30ft JW 

priRa anatxi » ?S =■ S t £ 

PetRspf 157 9+ 2 1«% 'fit + * 

Plrlw 1+08Z4J .. * JS$ 4 4ft 

Pftter 1+8 M M *SS 55S SS SS” 2 
pjwfpD T2M 2lH ZIM 2lh — Ve 

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148 U 9ft 9% + ft 

(OD20M 120ft 120ft +1 
30X109 1W 109 —1 
120171 71 71 

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50*57 57 57 — 1 

100856ft 56M 5M— ft 

Phiisub ■ 1+2 SJ n n a mu ft 
miMr <00 <4 11 XM I7V% ■Wfc — w 

PhilPef M0 7+ » 64® W4 »fc 3M + % 

PtdlVH M 1+ 0 94 21 22% Mb 

MM S 5 9 4fl 31% Sift 31ft 

Kng W W 5 

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pwv i+4 m i] jni sm + » 

PIOOKT 1+4 « 6 3® 

S3* 43% 41% 42 — ft 


PMIEpf 180 U5 
PtlUEpf 00 1X6 
PMIEpf B+5 139 
PMIEpf 1+1 13J 
PfinEpf 1+3 135 
> PMIEpf 1+8 123 
PMlpf 17.15 14J 
PMIEpf 15+S 14+ 

PMIEpf 9+2 13+ 

PMIEpf 9J» 12+ 
PMIEPf 7+0 13+ 
PMIE Pf 7+5 127 

PtonrEI .T7r l.i 
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i PtanRS +0 1+ 13 
Plortra 46b 1+ 13 
Plovbev „ .. 8 
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Pondre +0 + 13 
Pott* +0 39 
PortK +0 13 4S 

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54 12% 11% 

53 8% 5% 5ft <4> M 
51 0% 0% *% + % 

1 21 ?1 2 — % 
1DB Uft ffli M 
462 2m 29% 29%-— % 
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an 21 20V* soft— ft 

54 17% 16% T7ft + % 

ZIW 13ft POrtOE Iff JJ 7 

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Mr Mto 36 31 — « 

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1433 Uft 17ft lift— 
8*3 29 38 2| — % 








150 149 
1+< 114 
1+0 149 
7.15 16+ 
9+4 14+ 

15 7% Prdfftl) J2 XI 

47% 31 Pnrier 1+0 3+ 

23 16% PSvOri , 2+0 0.1 

*m 51% PSCd Pf 7.15 11+ 

20 W% PSCMPfXlO 106 
*% PSlnd t+0 HI 
Wft PSlnPf 
* PSIn of 
6ft PSinof 
37 PSIn pi 
50 PSlnPf _ - 
44ft PSInpf 63* 148 
43ft PSlnPf 8J8 16+ 

_ 90% PSIn of 9+0 1*8 

57ft 46% PSInpf X96 16+ 

Sft 3ft PSwNH 
11% 6% PSNHpf 

12 7ft PNHpfB 

17ft 10ft PNHPK 
15 8% PNHpfD 

13 7% PNH pfF 

14 7ft PNHPfG _ „„ 

27% 19ft PSvHM XM 109 
21% 20ft PSVEG 284 f J 

37 28 PSEQPf A+B 11J 

38 Hft PSEGpf 4.11 ]U 

39 29% PSeGpf *» 11+ 
47M 35ft PSEGPf 5a IU 

106% 93 PSEGpflm 10+ 
20% 15 PSEGP4 X17 11.1 
60 46ft PSEGPf *80 1U 
22 16%. PSEQPf 109 

69M S P3EG Pf 7+0 11 J 
69ft 55 PSEOpf L0J 11+ 

47 51ft PSEQ Pf tff 11+ 
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15 9% PuoetP 1+6 12+ 8 

21% 10ft PuttoHm .12 + 

36% 22% Purokjt 1+1 *9 42 
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170x 41 67% S7% — % 

lffc 69M 60 6fft 
2460t*5 66 65 — 8 

MWl 45ft 63K. *5M +1 
*2Dz 83ft 83 D — 1% 
JW 2ft J 3ft 4- ft 

9 152 11% lift lift 

9 6 6% 6% *%- ft 

■ 1185 14% 14ft U% 

575 18% U , Wft + % 
185 26% W* am 
312 Bft 7% 8 — ft 

i+o *9«i« *»sft$-ft 

25% 14 Ok Rail +4a 1+ 17 — 

128 33% 2SM 23 






XS 11 

14% 6% RBInd 

44 29% RCA 

33 3% 233 

4% 3 RPCn 
18 12% RTE 

Im K% WolbP ir l+o 

8W. Sft Hamad 
21% lift Ranco 
8 2ft ROTBfO 
66 47ft Raven* 

17ft 1ft Rovn* 1M UJS 

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2J 12 3310 43 43% 43%— ft 

9.1 65% 31ft 

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Page 13 

.. ; i J y | Daimler Says Net- Rose 
;■ Ml 12 % to Record in ’84 

I .Jj v ( j' Xndaj . 

*• u j£|- .STUTTGART — -Daimler-Benz 
‘ : , ! ■ :■ AG reported Thursday that woiid 
.. *■ ‘ y group «t profit increased 12 per- 

:: cent u 1984, to arecord 1.1 MHot 

7 .S^atscbe marts ($358 million), 

'■ -ri ftppmg the on^biffion-DM levd 

f t. for the fust time; 

* . ■> f ■ L World group net was 588 milEon 

DM in 1983. ■ 

> -Parent company net was vrrimL 

' * ly unchanged at 711 mOHon DM, 

* > i"* 1 1; compared with 710 mason. and 

ml ta 

parent company sales slipped 
sGghdy,to 31-97 -biffi on DM from 
32.18 Wfflon... 

The company paid 'an nil' 
changed 10J-DM dividend on test 
year’s results. 

Waner BrotschwerdL, the man- 
aging board chainMD, said he ex- 
pected continuing strong results in 

Edzard Renter; Daimler’s chief 
of finance, said the company 
planned ‘to- gp» shareholdera “an 
agreeable package” to educate the 
centenary iwirly. next year of 

£ .; ... tt ti i-rr - - centenary early, next year or 

, *- ,! :«•' li tlapa/f Lima bays founder Cail Bentfs receipt of a 

•. *f' ; - k - „ ,___r J - parent far his first car. He declined 

: ~ :5 It Had 1984 Profit 

‘ i, • : Reuter? Mr. Renter declined to say if that 

’ : - : THAMBURG — Hapag-Lloyd wxMteii^teg^AaidiflMers 

* ” « ’ - • **5: AG said Thursday that the strong ty pe of bQnus ; 

- - - i ‘ ‘:iS dollar and booming exports totbl , ***■ £ 

» ft United States hdpedto produce forecast profits for 1985, but said 
' .2 £ rii- net profit of filrnffion Deutsche group sales, excluding reve- 

^ 5 mai£s ($19.8 mflHou) in 1984 after ^j” 5 ™*** Dor ' 

• r V: • 2 - k S a 1983 loss of $145 mQHcn. .. . rmr -GmM and MlU Motoren- 

' < . r "Volume rose 18 percent, to 3.1 t?*: jurbmm-Union Mnenclian 

iw 5* billion DM from 2.62 biffion DM, «W«tod to grow 

v ,; - sj £ £ ror the year, Hapag-Uoyd sakL 

"* ■ = i The shipping company also said La* Wdd groupsales 

^5:5^ thatftSSSIn^ySiSS'S K 

i * ?. year of 3 DfcCns first dividend in 

-< *i?vt since 1978 1983, and would have been around 

1 ’> - V ^Berwl Wrede, Hapno Lloyd's fi- two biDkmDM higher without the 
‘ director, sa^St stringect mctalwrakers’ stiikee^ytest smn- 

-■ ••• s?V«k — . — - -tt — . — toa, Mr. Rtsite- said. Worid gronp 

sales has already showed 16-per- 
cent growth in the first four months 
of 1985 from the_Hke 19S4 period, 
rkifig to lfii Wliiwi DM, hie said. 

CBS Considers Stock Repurchase 
Or a Merger to Try to Bloch Turner 

Wethington Post Serrtce 

WASHINGTON — CBS Into, faced with a hostile takeover bid- 
fxom Turner Broadcasting System, said it planned to consider fman- , 
dal transactions including a possible merger with a third party or the 
repurchase of its own stock. - - ! 

The disclosure, made in filing s with the Securities and Exchange i 
Commissi on, was the first tina that CBS had raised the posabflity of a ! 
merger and indicated that the company beBeved that h might need to 
take major steps to increase its stock price to defeat the bidby Turner 
Broadcasting, which is controlled by Ted Turner. Analysts value 
Turner's bid at about S150 a CBS share, or a total of S3 bmkm. CBS 
stock closed^ Thursday alSHOJO, up 62J cents, on theNewYwic Stock 

“This is to provide us with flexibility should these steps become 
desirable,” a CBS spokeswoman said Wednesday. 

CBS said the options it wffl explore also include the sale or purchase 
by the company of “assets or businesses,” changes in the company’s 
capital structure and the. issuance of new securities. 

Any move by CBS that either significantly increases its debt or its. 

Bahrain Middle East Bank 
Plans Geneva Acquisition 

International Herald Tribune He said tl 

LONDON — Bahrain Middle sidering the 
East B ank, an ambitious three- three region: 

He said that the bank was cen- 
tering the purchase of one ■ of 
ree regional U5. banks, one in 

year-old investment bank, said New England, one in the Southeast 
Thursday that it had agreed to ac- and one in the Midwest Each of 
quhe a stake in a Geneva bank and the banks has total assets of at least 
was discussing acquisition of a U.S. $1 billion, Mr. Kaichadurian said, 
bank. adding that the bank “definitely" 

The B ahrain -based bank, along' would complete such a purchase 
with Bank Leu AG of Zurich and this year. 

.> director, sakTthat stringent 

o jr£ cost-cutting in all sectors and the 
y -.. sale of shipyards in Bremen and the 
•! ^ ‘p* transport mm, Pradri GmbH & Co 
£ tjjii, KG’s operations abroad helped to 
s’ improve 1984 resnlls. 
v: f .‘About 40 milEoa DM have been 

:• >; : paid into reserves, Hapag-Llt^d. 

sto^ price won! d Gkdy defeat Mr. Turner’s current bid. F6r example, and would concentrate on trade 

if CBS increased its stock prirc by repurchasing shares at a substantial finance andprivate banking, Capi- 

prqmtnn above the nurka price, Mr. Turner's bid no longer would be tal of 10 million Swiss francs (S3.8 
as attractive to stockholders because there would be little difference million) is to be provided 40 per- 

be tween the value of his offer and the pace of CBS stock. cent by Bahrain Middle East, 31 

Mr. Turner’s bid, which indudes no cash, offers CBS stockholders a percent by Aubert and 29 percent 
complex package including risky, unsecured securities called “junk” by Bank Leu. 
bonds, in exchangefor then- stock, and includes a plan to help finance Kaich Katchadurian, chief exec- 

the proposed takeover by selling all CBS’s non-television broadcast- utive of the Bahrain bank, said that 
ingbusmesses- Mr. Turner is waiting for government approval before the acquisition would help it devri- 

tafc m g his proposal to CBS stockholders. op its investment-advisory services. 

Aubert & Cic^ a Geneva fund- Guido Hauswinh, who currently 
management firm, p lan jointly to heads Anlage’s Geneva branch, is 
buy the Geneva branch of Anlagc to be general manager of the new 
£ Kreditbank, a Zurich hank. The bank. Pete Willis, a vice president 
terms were not disclosed. at Bahrain Middle East, has been 

Bahrain Middle East said that named comanager of the new 
the branch would be incorporated bank. Mr. Katchadurian will be 
as BMB Trade & Investment Bank, chairman, and Werner Frey, a se- 
had received a full banking license nior vice president at Bank Leu. 
and would concentrate mi trade will be vice chairman. 

finance and private banking, Capi- [~ 

tal of 10 mmion Swiss francs (S3.8 — — — — 
million) is to be provided 40 per- 
cent by Bahrain Middle East, 31 
percent by Aubert and 29 percent 
by Bank Leu. 

Kaich Katchadurian, chief exec- 
utive of the Bahrain bank, said that 
the acquisition would help it devel- 
op its investment-advisory services. 

Dalgety and GiU&Duffus Agree 
To £125. 7-Million Merger Package 


LONDON — Dalgety PLC and Gill & Duff us PLC said Thursday 
they had agreed to merger terms on the basis of a bid from Dalgety 
valuing Gfll’s ordinary share capital at £125.7 million {$159 million). 

A joint statement said terras are two Dalgety ordinary shares and 
25 pence cash for every five Gill & Duffus ordinary shares. An offer 
will also be made for Gill preference shares. Dalgety does not hold 
any Gill & Duffus shares at present. 

Dalgety said the merger will enhance its position in world agricul- 
ture and food markets by creating a broader-based group with 
complementary skills. Gill's chief executive. John Barnes, has been 
asked to join the Dalgety board when the merger lakes place. 

Gill & Duffus shares were quoted Thursday at 185 pence, down 5 
pence from Wednesday. Dalgety was at 445 pence, down from 461. 

Dalgety. an international agricultural and food group, had pretax 
profit in fiscal 1983-84 of £67 million on sales of £3.7 billion. 

Gill & Duffus, a major commodities firm with interests in insurance 
broking, bad 1984 pretax profit of £17.1 million on volume of £1.89 
billion. Per-share earnings were 2) pence. 

TWA Asks Congress to Block Icafui 

Bv H. Josef Hebert might be successful within days This week, he said he was pro- 

1 The jfssodaud Pnas and told the senators, “What is pared to buy a controlling intoxst 

urgently needed is a freeze on the in TWA but the airiine immediate- 


AEGON nv established at The Hague. The Netherlands 

mm- WASHINGTON The chair- urgently needed is a freeze on u»e 

■ 0u P man of Trans World Ah tims Inr. StUJltlOn as it DOW exists.” 
per- asked Congress Thursday to act to He asked Congress to pass legis- 
uths temporarily hall Carl C. Icahn’s tetion directing Transportation 
ripd, .hostile takeover of TWA saying Secretary Elizabeth H. Dole to bar 
“ti. that it would lead to the airline’s *1“ takeover. . 

bankruptcy. Legislation has been introduced 

* r* 


• ■Hr-' 

*"= ■ ■■'H 7 -- 

’ Mr. Wrede said that he expected 
^ approval from the three major 
shareholders, Deutsche Bank AG, 
\\ Dresdner Bank AG and Mucn- 
i;- chener Roeckversichenmgs-Ge- 
> v sellschaft AG, at the JnJy 4 awnmil 
£ meeting for an additional plamud 
payment into reserves of 20 nuDiai 
: Vt OM. 

AGdbmdBfiixk Takes 


The Aasodaud Press 

LONDON — Midland Bank 
PLC, wfakh angped some of its 

TWA’s chairman OF, Meyer in the Hoose that would prevent a 
Jr„ told a Sp-nati» sobcomrruttee takeover of TWA for at least 90 

that an Icahn takeover of TWA days, bevera 
“would represent a threat to the days tearing 
operation of this airiine” and even- tjmeni for a 
toally bankrupt it Senate. 

Mr. Icahn earlier this week an- Senator Jo 

uprinn as h now exists.” ly went to court to hold off any 

He asked Congress to pass legis- immediate action, 
tion directing Transportation Mr. Meyer said a court dpneirm 
cretaiy Elizabeth EL Dole to bar on whether a takeover may proceed 
e takeover. _ was expected Friday and, depend- 

1 legislation has. been introduced ing on that decision, “something 
the House that would prevent a could voywdl happen” in the next 
keover of TWA for at least 90 few days. 

TWA dm ]u5 filed a petition 

shareholders by investing in Cah- corniced a SfiOQ- milli on offer to 


Senator John C. Danfortb, Re- 
publican of Missouri and chairman 

meat asking it to declare Mr. Icahn 

unqualified to own an airline. A 
decision is expected next week. 
Mr. Danfortb, whose home stale 

K l?.j AUNqjpontoBoyBodngJete 

. l, l The Associated Press 

/ a }Z TOKYO — AH Nippon Air-- 
'i. ways, a Japanese domestic airline, 

■ j > i- wfll order two 747 iumbo jetliners 

eat company. stock. 

Mi dland’ s rfiarrman. Sir Donald TWA management has vigorons- 
Barrqn, told a special shareholders ly fought the takeover bid, arguing 
meeting in London that holders that Mr. Icahn's intentions are to 
had approved a proposal for the dram the airiine of f unds and eveu- 

sta ^“‘ jr ' TWA wither away on the vine." only limited government interfer- 

TWA management has rigorous- Mr. Icahn’s interest in TWA be- 
ly fought the takeover bid, arguing came public earlier this month, 

that Mr. Icahn’s intentions are to when it was fisdosed that he had “out the future of TWA 

v emmen l in lerf Br- 
ie industry because 

L- t airline said ‘ 

and May, 

TWA stock dosed Thnrsday at 
$16.75 a share on the New York 

month, the 

bank to increase its investment in tiially liquidate it sitions in March ana May, 205 $16.75 a share on the New Yc 

Crocker National Corp. of San. Testifying before a Senate avia- percent of the airiine. He later dis- Stock Exchange, down 50 cents. 

Francisco to 100 percent from 57 don subcommittee, Mr. Meyer ex- closed additional purchases in- 

percent. . pressed concern that a takeover creasing the share to 24 percent ^ 


creasing the share to 24 percent. 

Using light Industry Stays flat in Split U.S. Economy 

To Transmit 

\ <■ (ContinnedfromJPage U)' sumption also faltered, 

i' .'n'^iangiia^tranriatiousinpbces NWbdess, the outcome re- 
«' i'-Vri&giiigfiom courts to Walt iWv. uncertain. Some foresee a 

, 11 WotW’s focot darter. pfckupsoon,particulariyifthedd- 

v, ; trim!.*. . '• — lar falls agdnst other crarendes. 

i Others, likeRMerEBrinner.daef 

h' economist ofData Resources, the 

■ . ; : 

■ ■ nywill continue to dole for a tong 

; " - of possible interference with navi- . ... . _ 

■ ■ rvVgafioT “We are decidedly a growth 

. .’:•?* “ 1 recession. With virtually no growth 

S o Hu ghes runs an infrared m key sectora of tte: economy ance 
i i ;■ transmitter strip along the plane s last spring,” Mr. Brinner <add_ 
ceflumandcaon^ittoacottven- “We’re tmtit rfy to break out of it 
. j : » '■ tionaf entertainment system. PBS- for another year or more.” 

^fcte^afwasE jwSs'-s^-s 

- Hughes’s commercial avionics mmt act “ ny ns ^' _ 

— product line, said th a t the equip- S. Jay Levy, dues economist of 

• \ ! mem for a 150-searjet costs about ‘ l^Eronomk: Forecasts in Oiap- 

• ^ $50,000, comparable to a wired set- paqua. New Yoric, is among the 

h * up. mmontyTjfeamomistswhobdieve 

The installation, however, is only ^ a ,^S^ bfi ^ S00n,ifil 
- '■.'■* ‘*^#.000, a third the usual cost, said h^nm already. 

• " 7 , ' ' I' /Ajwrew J. . daytou, ensmeering “TTre aavices rector cannot re- 
• - it.; manager for Jet America. Jet. mamheahhy wittemt a healthy m- 
Z - " •. America installed the system, dustrial sector,” Mr. Levy. Morp- 

■;l‘ called Aries, on one plane last Sep- over, he noted that success m 

(Coutmoed bum Page 11) ain and West Germany are generat- pressed, whfle services such as 
acWtiw . a l yr^ym miif« ww- ing new .jobs and products, iWxile consmretion and even banking are 
sumption also faltered. the northern regions of both conn- flourishing virtually everywhere. 

the outcome re- tries are suffering severe economic “We see a unique economic envi- 
mninc g cux foresee a hardsWpL The situation in the Unit- r onm e n t here,” said Kenneth Sa- 

pfckupsooiLparticulariyifthedd- «* “ far unusual: In- fian, president of Safian Invest- 

Sarfa&s agamst other crarendes. dustiy m almost every state Is de- meat Research m New York. 

S&rnc« 1 


At the Annual General Meeting of 
Shareholders held on 2 2nd May i985. the 
dividend for the 1984 financial year was fixed 
at Dfl. 5.80 in cash per Ordinary Share of 
Df 1.10.00 nominal value. In September 1984 
an interim dividend of Dfl. 2.30 was paid. 

The final dividend therefore would amount 
to Dfl. 3.50 in cash, in lieu of this final 
dividend shareholders may individually elect 
to receive a stock dividend of 2.5% out of the 
share premium reserve. 

For Shareholders wishing to receive the 
dividend entirely in cash, dividend coupon 
no. 5, attached to their shares, will be 
payable from 4th June 1985 at the head 
offices of: 

Amsterdam-Rotterdam Bank N.V.. Algemene 
Bank Nederland N.V., De Cooperatieve 
Centrale Raiffeisen- Boerenleenbank BA. 
Credit Lyonnais Bank Nederland N.V, 
Nederiandse Middenstandsbank N.V, 
Pierson. Heldring & Pierson N.V. Bank Mees 
&Hope N.V.. Neaerlandsche Credietbank 
NV. BankVfen der Hoop Offers NV. 
Kredietbank N.V., Brussels, Kredietbank S.A. 
Luxembourgeoise, Luxemburg. 
Schweizerischer Bankverein. Zurich and 
Geneva, Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft 
Dusseldorf, Morgan Guaranty trust 
Company of New York Ltd.. London, J. Henry 
Schroder Wfegg & Co. Ltd.. London and 
AMRO-intemational Limited, London, 
atthe rates of Dfl. 3.50 per Ordinary Share of 
Dfl. 10.00 nominal value, representing the 
final dividend less 25% dividend tax. 

Dividend coupon nos. 6 and 7 are not 
being used and have been declared void. 
Until 30th August 1985, holders of Ordinary 

Shares wishing to receive payment in 
Ordinary Shares against dividend coupon 
no. 5 will be issued with one new Ordinary 
Share of nominal value Dfl. 10.00. which will 
participate fully in the profit for 1984 and 
subsequent years, for every 40 dividend 
coupons no. 5 surrendered. The coupons 
must be deposited at NV Nederiandsch 
Administratie-en Tmstkantooc 
N Z. Vborburgwal 326-328. 1012 RW 
Amsterdam/ The Netherlands After 30th 
August 1985. the final dividend will be 
payable in cash only 
The usual commission will be paid to 
members of the Vsreniging voor de 
Effectenhandel (Netherlands Stock 
Exchange Association), thus enabling them 
to exchange dividend coupons no. 5 without 
charging commission to Shareholders 
The cash dividend/entrtlementto 
payment in Ordinary Shares will be made 
available to holders of CF Certificates 
through the institutions with which the 
dividend coupon sheets relating to the 
shares were lodged at the close of business 
on 22nd May 1985. Those requesting their 
banks, in connection with the exchange of 
coupons, to accept the deposit of ancyor to 
issue securities will be charged the 
applicable commission of Dfl. 50.00 plus 
BTVV {value added tax) for each transaction, 
in accordance with the scale of charges laid 
down by the Nederiandse 
Bankiersvereniging (Netherlands 
Association of Bankers). 

The Hague 22nd May 1985 
1. Churchillplem 

Executive Board 

AEGON Insurance Group • International growth from Dutch roots 

Announcement by a South African organization 

Agrowthrecessicfflisaperiodin TTrAT Tl in -i/ n 

winch the economy continues to a - Wk B-J M _*l—l r I 

grow, butsoriqwly that raemplpy- # f d 1 ■ ll 'i l T 


Levy Economic Forecasts in Chap- sixth annual Inte matinnal HeJ flVI Tr 

paqua. New Ymk, is Mxmg the Dally Conference on “Oil and Money in t 

minantyof economists who beheve Eighties” wfflt^rdace on Ocl(A)er 24 and 25 in LondcHL 

“The setrices sector cannot re- Competitive EMnmmeir.T^ 
main' healthy without a healthy in- sezuorexecutJvesmeiffii^andr^atedfiekis,\^addi^tte 
dustrial sector," Mr. Levy. More- key issues affecting the airrentene^sfo^ 




sixth amual International Herald TYibtme/ 
uu jually Conference on^ “f^laud Money In the 


Mr. R.J. N.Abrahamsen , Chief Executive , Nedbank Group, talks to David Carte , 

Editor of the “Sunday Times Business Times.” 

1 Nedbank Vital Statistics 1984 

over, he noted that success in future trends andstrategies. 

although necessary' (or the modi- 


.. Ml Clayton said, adding that it . anKxml of^stimntes provided by 
, - « T. ,. wfll be used as a-maricetmg tod. uy 

‘ ■ : TK^ te*fl**K cost Sfifl each. Ctoe aetKXt spending. 

I ’ - '« £ The headsets cost $60 each. One 
• p 1. drawback is that direct sudight, 
j \ y which indudes infrared, can inter- 
^ fere with the signal, so seme users 
U' may have to dose their window 

Disparities in economic perfor- 
mance do exist in other countries, 
too, but have tended to be geo- 
graphic rather than sectoral. For 
example, the southern parts of Brit- 

TKb vnouncemeK appears as a matter of record only. 

May 22. 1985 



Ctzr»fao f The Netherlands Antilles 

DM300 r 000 / 000 

: Zero-Bearef Bonds of 1985/1995 . 


- Zerp-Beairer Bonds of 1985/2000 

- Uncotwfitioially and brevcm^ guaimfcrf by 


Bondsdoe-1985^ - Issue Price: 50% - Repayment May 2k 1995^ ^at par' Bondi due 2886 - Issue Price 33 Vi% • RepaymencAqgust4,2000atpar 
JMfa issues -DenqmhatidftiDMWJOO and DMmOOO- Listing: Frankfurt am Mam 


' . a t. t t n a, e fi f l *■ * E M * F T 

Capital and Reserves 

Taxed Income 

Total Assets 

US? 299.7 million i 

J..US? 62.9 million . 

..._US? 7,675.9 miilrnn 


.US? 6,366.4 million 

appointed non-executive Chairman of ri 1 * 
group. While be plays no role in day-to-day 
management, Mr. Harwood's international 
and domestic experience, as well as his con- 
taro, arc expected to be a farther advantage. 

rivals by concentrating on the corporate and 
wholesale markets. 

Net margins between deposit and lending 
rates in this area have been wider and more 
adjustable and costs lower - one reason for 

Mr. JR. J. N. Abmhanaen, 
Chief Executive, Nedbank Group 

N grfhanlr is the only interna- 
tional banking group with its 
head office in South 
Africa, says Chief Executive 
Rob Abrabamsen, only half in jest. 

The balk of Nedbank*s US$/-7 billion total 
assetsare sriti in rbe countrywide spread of 250 
offices wwarW; South Africa but the group has 
folly Sedged branches in London, New York 
and Hong Kong. These transact billions of 

doQan of business annually. 

Fireyearsago, the only foreign representation 
was the I-ondon office, which confined itself 
to trade financing. 

After global- thinking, Dutch- born Mr. 
Abrahamsen took the helm in 1975, Nedbank 
expanded aggressively abroad, opening 
branches in New York and Hong Kong- 
The rangeof activities of foreign branches was 
broadened dramatically. Today they engage 
in virtually every type of international bank- 
ing transaction, apart from retail deposit rais- 


“It was a very deliberate staiegic move,” says 
Mr. Abrahams en , “part of our policy of bal- 

NedbanJftdmsiveniorcofi&orc has given it 
an edge on its South African rivals. The other 
major banks in South Africa are either con- 
trolled from abroad and cannot expand inter- 
nationally without competing with their par- 
easts, or have been exclusively home based . 

Nedbank's foreign drive has made it by far the 
biggest raiser of off-shore finance for South 
African borrow e rs. It has also enab led Ned- 
bank to increase its share of the foieign 

Evm though the Rand has depreciated steeply 

against other currencies, causing substantial 
losses to some South Afriam borrowers, Ned- 
HotiV b i n i wM nftn«l activities have be en luc- 
rative; It has been immune to Dollar strength 

as it rake s deposits in the same currency as it 
lends. Other South African domiciled banks 
are now following: Nedbank's lead and setting 

Recent l y Mr. Owen Norwood, for 10 years 
Finance Minister of South Africa, was 

Nedbank has long been an innovator. It was 
the first bank in South Africa to introduce 
computers in 1961 afrd is still the only one with 
all branches, including foreign ones, “on 

Always aggressive, Nedbank was the first 
bank to pay interest on credit balances in 
cheque accounts in South Africa. 

Nedbank was instrumental in starting the 
money market in South Africa and is stiU one 
of the most active participants . 

Life assurance companies and pension funds 
have increasingly dominated personal sav- 
ings. Nedbank recognised this early and has 
used the money market to gain access to these 

Its wholly owned trust company, Syfrets, now 
more than 120 years old, was the first trust 
company in the worid. With assets under 
administration of more than US$1 billion, 
Syfrets is by far the biggest company ofits kind 
in South Africa. 

Another wholly owned subsidiary, Union 
Acceptances limited (UAL), was the first 
merchant bank in South Africa and still domi- 
nates corporate finance in South Africa. Ned- 
fin, the leasing and hire purchase aim, was a 
pioneer in project finance. 

Nedbank introduced the negotiable certifi- 
cate of deposit to South Africa shortly after its 
“invention” in New York - before it readied 

Nedbank is the biggest South African owned 
bank but only the third biggest bank operating 
in the country. 

Even though its asset base is considerably 
smaller than those of its bigger rivals, it has 
long enjoyed the highest marker capitalisation 
of any banking group on the Johannesburg 
Stock Exchange. For several years, its rerums 
on shareholders’ funds have been among the 
highest in the world. 

“If we have a by-word, it is quality, not 
quantity,” says Mr. Abrahamsen, “we are not 
interested in being the biggest.” 

For rfrp pmphngig am ong South Afri- 

can banks has been to woo ostensibly cheap 
retail deposits from die public. As a result, 
they have had to operate extensive brands 
networks ina far-flung, relatively thinly popu- 
lated country. These networks have become 
increasingly expensive and no wieldly. 
Nedbank has remained prominent in retail 
tanlnng j particularly in the iimIw cities 
towns, but has distinguished itself from its 

Nedbank’s performance. 

The South African economy has been through 
several trying years. Last year, the economic 
authorities applied Draconian monetary and 
fiscal policies. Interest rates soared to unpre- 
cedented levels, devastating banking mar- 

Now first signs of an improvement are becom- 
ing apparent and Nedbank was able recently 
to reduce its prime lending rate one percentage 
point. Deposit rates have also fallen. Hopes 
are high for further significant reductions in 
lending rates. 

Because of the importance of its wholesale 
business, Nedbank receives a particular 
advantage from falling interest rates and will 
therefore be a major beneficiary of any further 

Nedbank’s antecedent the Netherlands Bank 
of South Africa, was established in 1888 ini- 
tially to finance trade between Holland and 
South Africa. 

Growth within South Africa was strong, par- 
ticularly after World War II, and the bank’s 
domicile shifted to South Africa in 1951. Hie 
last Dutch shareholders sold out in 1969. The 
present Nedbank group, incorporating Ned- 
bank, the Commercial Bank, Syfrets, UAL, 
Neficand Nedfin, was established bya merger 
in 1974. 

Today, Old Mutual, the biggest life assurance 
company in the country, is the biggest share- 
holder wiih 26 per cent. Ownership is widely 

The group has been progre s sive not only in its 
banking methods but also in its employment 
practices. Nedbank has bets a completely 
equal opportunity employer, if not in defiance 
oflegislation, then ahead of it, for many years. 
This has paid offmstaffmorale and productiv- 
ity and augurs weD for the future, says Mr. 




1 I 


Page 14 




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U’A 154* + * 

W * 

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13H 15* 

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«* SW — ti 
121* T2W— 14 
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JYSn 38 j r 240 r r r 

39 J 0 39 0 A 5 r r r r r 

39.80 40 021 074 1.45 T T T 

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3877 39 050 1.48 r 0 J 9 141 T 

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3172 41 007 OuBO 1 J 0 r r r 

Total can voLtaa Call oaaa hit. *44773 

Total pwf mf. 7,049 Put open fat. 1524 HI 

r — Not trodod. *— No option ofiarad. o— Okl. 

Last Is promium (ourdtoto prtco). 

Sourer: Ap. 


4 th Osar. isra 1 W 

Rovenus 4*00 15977 

Pretax Not — .4141 5 U 4 

PUT Sharp — 04012 00463 
Year. WO WM 

ssste ;& « 

Par SHOTS — 0.1278 0 . 152 S 

lstQuor. 190 1984 

mvcmie 4254 ) 3737 . 

NO* Inc. 137 9.40 1 

Per Share 0*0 043 : 

West Germany 


United Slates 


2 ad Qear. 190 19 S 4 

Revenue 2757 2237 

Mel inc. 9 JO ooo 

Per Share — 044 040 

mHatf ISO W 8 J 

Revenue 51343 41549 

Net Inc 1579 1179 

Per Share — 072 04 * 

19 M 1983 

<?•?!£ 4< J£K: A1-14AS 

— Lwa s»s*v 


DG Bank SglSSffl- 
1 IM wn TEC Inc 
11745 10005 WrtoMHaro 


0 ra 2 rf=Pf CttFrfTSOp DwittPr 4 t» 
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POE 254 nfT PGE 19 MM 
Servatren SCEIIOpf 
Telon Rnch WMiPosf 



Year W 19 M Bettnnv 

Revenue 13730 . 1248 a UwfnPar 

Profits 1545 1357 Stanwood 

EverJnB IntThorMn latTharoi 
NuHorUnwt RkJiTnkpfv RuddfcfcvP 
SuiSM.ll T Bar 

OM, . VViCvS^N^V^VI I .Y.VCO^_ 

T*rtnn inu\V>//«(m\v\wl 


IHSHfllKlttl ■■■■■■liuim 

son » ioi .aii .ear. s n.i r.aai 
[■■■i :■! tel :rw<! T tt| sell 

kstui •■■nriiiiiii s uifue 

ksuulllllin i (llllllftf(/si 

K*WM'l 1 1 « I inw#/ 


A Conference on Trade and Investment OppoRTUNmES 

Budapest, June 13-k 1985. 

The International Herdd Tribune con- business leaders, bankers and economists. 

The International Herald Tribune con- 
ference on ‘Trade and Investment Opportunities 
in Hungary” will be of keen interest to ary execu- 
tive concerned about future economic relations be- 
tween Best and West. 

Speakers at this landmark conference 
will indude Hungarian government ministers. 

For further information, please contact 
the International Herald Tribune conft 

the International Herald Tribune conference 
office, 181, avenue Charles de Gaulle, 92521 
Newlly Cedex France. Telephone: 747 1 265. 
Telex- 613 595 F. 


Floating Rate Notes 

May 23 



: : 



Non Dollar 


S £ 

sww ■■ aw» Suug+Hta *a«f) i*L 

Page 15 


May 23 

NASDAQ Notional Market Prices 

So tesla Nat 

tOBs Misti Low 3PJW.CV0S 

(Continued from Kage 15) 

MarshS M U SO mi T7 17 —vi 

Moranil 2M 36 234X2V. 42 42Va 

MrWHs 1i00 12 2827 7? Vi 30ft 31V5. + ft 



71 ISft 
51 3ft 
IS lift 


379 SVB 
69 4ft 
316 7ft 
62 Aft 
765 9ft 
202 7ft 
3S7 2ft 

Mft 1 
17ft t 

18M 1 




279 6ft 
98 4ft 
166 3ft 





19ft 1 


25 2 

1034 7ft 

&V. 3 

Solas la Net 

lifts Htab Lw apj/Lana 


1M 4JB 180 


• !i 


u u id 


J0* 4J 17 


Monea i 


2X8 iA 117 


in 74 a 


U0 U 7 


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1X8 36 4 



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Ss * * KfM * w * r * mi 1 * ifj " ***** : * 4[U 

Sates ia 
NO* Hteft 



Salcsia Not 

™» Hteh Lew SPALCVM 

























H5W Wft TOft 
*271 «. SVi 5ft + ft 
3»ft TH KM 
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ante ii u 

S 221 ft 21ft 22 — ft 
M M M 
s m m m 

5 7 7 7 

nwv me in 
UtMTH lift Tift— ft 


M* F. GERARD, Bamsfer-at-terw, Gourt ofArgentan (Pro) frcnce. TeL 67 .0034^ 

Mo PAfttEANl and L£ ^ASTHJR, Pariners -ifkkiw, Gourt o f Argentan (One) France. TeL: 67.09.98 


ac^udaSed to the highest end tart bidder 



The auction wil take place at fie District Coart crfArgontai (Ome), 
Pkice du QiSieau, on Monday, JUNE 17, 1985 at 2 pia 

At the Ml and peWion of 

— PROFESaONNBLIf DC OtfDfT (SAP. Cl a public conpaiy will a ccprtd of FflL 5/^000, hewing its offices n MBS ph orrj, 

— SraTSi NOTON (C**,*.**** 

registered with the Cbnpibgfe Gompaiy Negater under Na B 925 620 1 05. 

The pJoinltfF creditors having appointed M“ f. GERARD os Praseajtng Cowed aganfc 

— (SAJLLI NOYOWfOSE DES BOB, a famed Uitv aorowy ««* registered office ot NAMKB. {CbeJ. route (TAudgnowrt. 

The ocofled party hovwg u pp dn te d NT flhMAM ca Cared far Defence. 

Arie by pubfcouction.«7fais tote highriori fat bidder, wflbahddcnudi time grdploce as injected above aid fclowingtheyp- 
Ration c£Sons Icid down to Ites effect raid Red with the disk of the District Gswt of Aigertoi by MP G6rtrd n»n Moure rftha eskte 
harmrfter dcscnbect 


Fornh CourcB of SAWT-NGOtASO&LAfUBB (One) card by extension the* of BOCQUINCI (On^. 


lOT I: Mi Carnal of SarimcotaMtes-tafim (Oroo). 

OiBtaau end 

SmA rwUrck, early IBtirartuy chateau, AJeroofad, ci artref Hewing, ertronoe WL man stanmy, »nq> art kra office* fage 
drmng roam, tSning roam, kitchen, KuSery, tavrtme* washrooms. First far nen bedrooms with aefaireng bcffnxxTts. 5eund noon foie 
half namnkd rooms, o te c. 

Abnmde ctxdear smafl brkV bukfaig wdh three bese-baxa and snd paddock. 

Facing chateau a i m entat Une ad targe avenue. OU u tehabited house oppaste smerf panUevei uA^ 

Terns court mi wntirang pod- ... . _ , , , 

A 2ha 30a oadmng ofsmerf oopee, a daer-breedng poddodt, severei tenemots mckrfng two dMftrg* a fixabay ban, ene pms 

the whole surveyed and legftied under secsonBNa. 135 -B 131- B83-B 38- B 134 A9CD- B 135 AflCTD-B 85. Tdd area Mho B1 a 35 m 7 

To LargB^emxtay oeue ieacfaig tf»ough wood wtr cam from noad’lroi^i bg 'waughrHron dexite 

Ethane 1200 meee hmng fcodc. ^ , 

The whete nrveyed and wep a s ed under section 6 Na 57-B62-BI31 - B 132 - B 133. Toad meet 57ho 61a 8W, 

Hat erf adpeent firidj. eaai wm wan inn umue. 

To NarthCmh two large ponds, o construction far use as a shr 
To htarrfvWetf: wooded area w*h buidngi erf doused forest s 
The whale a/veyod and ragOeredir>d^xnonS8? -36B -B^‘ 
Total ceea 82ha00a 

□s a sheeppen ancdier and dsused bui*g contoewg four btoabew. 


LOT Or. Pratoe-lord end ok b »iw3»uib pertaiwiQ W ButfamL ... . . .. . . 

Cort»ocliors o cnaO»ig of: 30 bogrbro o vnih mr» ic^e.slud pnHrfnH i. fcird'»*ISno*hoy krft.repiW'»nWiop.dsi^A»»hl«ry. food room. 

tods rooms. fWwtrisi tappe r nirfi rtnhri _ . , , 

the whete aswyed ond re^siered uritar section B 136- B 96 • B 97 - B 136 ABCC - B 137 - 8 13B ■ B 139- T«*rf area lAo 13a dttrf. 

LOT 5: Smal pmel of meadawriond wMn* Mter. „ „ , 

The <*roe swvwyed mi regjMred under sedan B Na 27 - B 3 - B SSL Ta*rf omc fan 3fa AW. 

(OTde To South of OtaMcu penzt of woadknl _ 

Surveyed mi regoteed undo- section C Na 37. Told area 12ha 25a 2Dnrf. 

HOT 7: Meadawtand • Swveyed mi l e^A* * n d sedai B No. 66 end B No. O. 

Ptofah Cound of BOCaumCE 
One open meadow Imown as “la htes" „ . „ 

Ore open meadow fawn as las bruyOes Sarshfcobs _ 

Tin whole aneyed mi re^PEmd wider sedon Na 2H 8 - ZH Na 26. Tdd area 17ho 75a rfQnrf. 


LOT l, KESEfiVE PBCE 300000JXJFF LOT ** RE5BWE PBCS 20000000F 

LOTI ’ " 300 000.00 FF LOTS " " SOQOJOfT 

LOT 3. " BOO 0QD/J0 FF LOT 6= “ “ 600OOC0FF 


te addnon to die ertetesond conditions Bed with the Oert of die Ctetriet Court of Argertm. it is farther sp e c if ie d Bid two or man lots 
moy be omdgamaled 

Bids vnU be by way of repeserSaean Iteough a lawyer only, 
ftjr briber information GOlKxt- 

- MAi F. GEBAJH3, Bwffi»w-a»4ow. ARG0ITAN [Omel. 

- Mdam PAR1EAN1 ond LE PA5TTUR, Pw hwi s-hi- Ki w. ARGeNTAN. 

- Oerfc «f Hie Krtrsel Court of ARGB4TAN. 

Drown up and prepaed by the under siflned Bamster-as-law, ASGOWAN, 19 March 1985. 

Victory Village Club 

S£ Quinta do Lago mjR 

• Luxury properties overlooking lake, 

golf course and sea. 

• Superb sporting and leisure facilities. 

• Ideal for company or holiday investment. 

• Apartments from £30.000. Villas from £91,000. 

Chestertons Overseas 

Tel: 01-937 7244 

1 16 Kensington High Sc. London W8 7RW. Tlx: 8955820. 



Luxury Apartments 

WJ (Junction 17) 0 mite* Heathrow I ftourj drive. Jintmofan 1 Stadia 

muvpbenc. numram mimiiiUk 
PmakfankBaBd'tv ixmnwn « 

Pm* fraoi Hood LSlfiOG to 

cf ihc 

bakfoora. coovlcidv 



Heathrow - 20 minutes London - 35 minutes 

An imposing residence, part of which dales ham the 1 8th century, in an 
a tt ra ct i ve vffloge setting. Tremendous potential for improvement. Reception 
hdl A magnificent r e ception rooms, cloakroom, kitchen, owtiay domestic 
rooms. Master suite of beekoam, bathroo m & Acs sing room. 8 further 
bedroom, and 2nd ba t hr oom. Central heating, 'h acre garden fatpr o x. 
2,020 sqjn.). For sale by auction (unless previously said). 

For fuiher detoSs eontaO: 

A.C. FROST & COft 

73 High Street, Burnham, Buda* SL1 7JX, UJC. 
Telephone: (06286) 5555. Trias 837013. 


Mon treux -Geneva Lake 


For sale luxurious apartments, 
from 1 to 5 roams, overlooking the 
prettiest part of Geneva Idee. 
Prices: SJr. 123,000 ind. equip- 
ment and furniture. 

60% mortgage available at 
616% interest. 

PJeasc contact the Burlden 


32 avomis du Casino 

1 820 Mantrwx-Switxertimd 

TaL: 021/635251 
Tabu 25*73 erf di _ 



In ihe boy <rf Wan. 5 mm. ftano. is ^ 
arson, 66* beta B la 38 naai. 2 hr ep u 60 
«Wt krtwU TV/aom/aolp^phone 
eomaorn tetend pat mogw a n 

fia morme ymicB; 89 w«. mfa, sfa. tweHB, 

mpm. fvd Mm n 4 nato vants left 
Mdk IMefpwd or mt Ledn Conrta- 
ma*vy arwea B ban ferfhet arid. be*, 
"ft *n*» aiming. i am m Goff & 
oa 13,171 ftiB.fid.KsZ1 Bpw ipms 
iAow & 7B ft Mpama bwy conb - d n frote 
ha doag m pn Top ew— 1 1 4S& old 
Haiy iw Irin not pia raei Ca*a AkAt 


Director Commer o d 
C/ Marino 101. Portals Nous 
McJoroa. Spain or The. 68686 CAlJU E. 

My address 

in Nice ? 

Dortiaine de Clairefontaine 
Bd. Imperalrice Eugenie 

l am active, and l needed calm as well \ . . 
as the amenities ofatown-eeruer nearby. \ 

Rather private. I wanted tn Five in a \. 
human-sized residence surrounded by a \ 
private park to enjoy the charm and V _ 
freshness of lawns, flowers and frees... \ . 
Sporting. / needed a residence with a swim ■ \ 
ming pool, dose to the beaches. \ 

Romantic. I needed a comfortable, easy 
apartment in which to share my happiness. 

A dreamer. I wanted the sea for horizon... 
The Domaine of Clairefontaire seduced me. 

I have discovered the sum live. I found mvsetf. 

Do like me. 

fi mmobBUnt 

lit. 3v. Manchal Foch 
06000 Nice FRANCE -TO. |93) 85.6U.7W 

*** " T.. 



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135 4ft 4ft 
249 13ft 12ft 
65 A 3ft 

17 2417 Mft 
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16 5ft ffft 
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i 5ft 











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is 1244 


Your own vacation land on (he fabulous Lake of the Qzarks In Central 
-Missouri Right in the heartland of America. Away from dbes. noise. 
poButlon and the ran -race of the workaday world. 

Forbes be., pubbshes of Forbes Magazine, through its subsk&ary. 
Sangre de Citato Ranches be., is offering the opportunity of a fifetime for 
you to acquire one or more acres of our choice Missouri lakeland. 

There’s no better time than right now to find out if Forbes Lake of the 
Otarks Is the place for you. Allow homesites. Including lake front and lake 
view, wffl be a mbbium sire of one acre — ranefng to over three aaes. 
Cash prices start at $6,000. One or more acres of tNs Incred ib ly beautiful 
lakeland can be yours for the modest payment of $60 per month, uffth 
easy credit terms awribbie. 

For complete information, inducing pictures, maps and full derib 
on our fiberal money-back and exchange prtvfleges. please write ttr 
Fiorbes Europe Inc., Dept H. P.O. Bon 86. London SW11 3UT England. 
Obtain toe Property Report requred by Federal law and read a before 
S4jrng anyttirig No Federal agency has judged the metes or vak». it any. 

ng Opportune? 

sqtw*) anything No FeOewl agency kas ju 
C4 Has property Equal Croc* and 

. :/•; ./ V ... 

',*020* " 

^ . The Trib’s 

new guide for 
business travel brims with 
valuable information ii 

Global Vision 

As the largest full service 
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Please note specific Interest 
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David Donosky CEO 
Corporate Headquarters: 
2001 Bryan Tower 
Dalias, Texas 75201 
214/748-8171 Telex 732459 

The DrMng Foma ki Tfaxss fleet Eststv 
Fbrtnflrt m Serv« wffli Qrubb ft Elite. 

S.Fr. 250,000 

Nax, Central Valais, 

Summer and winter resort. 

Sold directly by owner. 

Chalet: kitchen, living and 

dhunsHmom. with fireplace, toilet, 
3 bedrooms, bathroom. 600 m2 
land, view on the Alps. 


CH - 3961 Vercorin 
Phone: 0041/27/55^2-82. 

There’s never been a guide quite like k. Thirteen 
European business cities, analysed in detail according 
to a business traveler’s- wants and needs. It’s the key to 
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Seven subdivisions under each city include: 1. Basic 
city overview with vital tnformaiioa 2. Hotels, with 
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and off-duty pleasure. 4. After hours suggestions. 
5. Diversions, from grand opera to jogging. 6. Shopping. 
7. Weekending ideas. 

Trib business readers ad across Europe shared their 
most treasured travel secrets with journalist Peter 
Graham. The result: a book for business travelers with 
contributions from business travelers. Over 200 pages, 
this hardcover edition isavailable directly from theTrib. 
A great gift idea for colleagues, business contacts, or 
yourself. Order today. 

International Herald Tribune, Book Division. 

L8L avenue Charies-de-Gaulie, 92521 Neuilly Cedes. France. 

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AUSTRALIA - Joint Venture 

US doOra- buys prim* rad estate. 

Operation Melbourne 
ww» w lbs ana* buying Stmsf h of S» 
US <faO«, tm new aass red art utBBrtd 
o^Bneyadwteoga for usnc«ntopate> 
pc*p m o aw km rr sorvicsd uxjtiqfl 

oprton n MAxmt (ftBtefci ward 

kwgmetf. papiaton 15 nyBonJ. 

Tlwbaa wcJd U a pw yonr* wsh rfe 
MJtfrokisi avFCTftan Owra-cpmto 




10 acres of woadand paradise with 
mall stream on seduded pivafe es- 
l Wafer views ac ross So 
Bay and accass to private ! 
Unique & beautiful site far a very 
special house. 

For sale by owner asking 


Prinripab only, 

Call: (401) 489-6887 U.S. 

Box DIGS Herald Tribune, 
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Page 17 

international classified 

, I (Continued From Back Page) 


Yo shinari Yamaahiro Named 
President of Nippon Kokan 

By Brenda Hagerty 

Itutmaticnal Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Nippon Kokan 
KJL, Japan’s saxmtf largest sted- 
tnaker, mid th at Yoshiuari Yarns.' 
shiro, 62, an executive vice presi- 
dent, will succeed Minoru Kanao 
as president and chief executive. 

Mr. Kanao wiU become chair- 
man, succeeding Hisao Mflkita, 
who wiD become executive adviser. 

Since 1980, Mr. Kanao has been 
NICK’s president and has headed 
the company’s two major strategies 
— foreign investment and (fiverafi- 
. cation. The company last year 
bought a 50-percent snare of Pius- 
hurg h-h&sed National Sted Carp. 
for 5292 miflion, the biggest invest- 
ment by a Japanese sted company 
in a U5. one. It also agreed to buy 
40 percent of an almmmns-casting 
plant owned by Martin Marietta 

Nippon KoScan said that Akira 
Takeuchi, currently an executive 
vice president, wfflbecome an exec- 

utive adviser, and that two senior 
managing directors. Tstmeo Se- 
kigawa and Toshio Isago, will be 
promoted to executive vice presi- 

The appointments will be effec- 
tive June 28. 

Manufacturers Hanover Trust 
Co. of New York has opened a new 
subsidiary in Oslo. Managing di- 
rector of Manufacturers Hanover 
Norge A/S is D’Arcy H. LeOair. 
Erik A. Lind is deputy managing 

Sandra Ltd., the Swiss chemicals 
and pharmaceuticals group, said 
that Marc Morel has succeeded 
Yves Diwant as r?h»frm»n Mr. 
Moret was vice chairman. 

Marsh & McLennan Companies, 
the New York-based insurance 
broking, consulting and financial 
services group, has appointed Rob- 
ert M.G. Husson a director. Mr. 
Hnsson is chairman of Faugere ft 
Julheau SA, the French insurance 
and reinsurance brokerage compa- 

ny that has been an affiliate of 
Marsh & McLennan since 1973. 

Continental Rank SA in Brussels 
has named Michael D. Allot man- 
aging director, succeeding Peter 
McStoy, who, as previously report- 
ed, joins Standard Chartered Bank 
in London as general manager, Eu- 
rope. Mr. Men moves to Brussels 
from Madrid, where he was head of 
operations for Continental Illinois 
National Bank & Trust Co. in 
Spain and Portugal. Continental B- 
linoi is Continental Bank’s parent 

Sveuska Handelsbanken of 
Stockholm has opened a represen- 
tative office in Helsinki and ap- 
pointed Marta Akernmick repre- 
sentative. She previously was with 
the bank in London. 

First Interstate Ltd. said Lbai 
John D. Hams, currently director 
of Lloyds Bank International Ltd’s 
merchant- banking activities in 
Asia, will join the bank in July. In 
his new post as managing director 
of First Interstate Asia Ltd, Mr. 
Harris will be based in Hong Kong 
and be responsible for First Inter- 
state’s capital markets activities in 
the Asia-Pacific region, except Ja- 
pan. He also will become a director 
of First Interstate Ltd. in London. 

Is Criticized 

(Continued from Page It) 
paper and too little effort being 
made to find investors. This, he 
said, meant there was a great dan- 
ger that a large number of borrow- 
ers would come out with too much 
paper, only to discover that it could 
not be placed. 

He also criticized the confusing 
array of procedures and techniques 
now prevailing and warned: 
“There is a big difference between 
what market participants say they 
can do and what they do do." 

Noting that he is a firm support- 
er of deregulation in financia l mar- 
kets, Mr. EngstrOm said he thought 
that some of the regulated markets 
“work a whole lot better than the 
Euromarket," where unbridled 
competition produces so many mis- 
priced transactions. 


PASS YOUNG LADY 341 31 71. 
VP PA & biSnud interpr et er . 

TOKYO 645 .2741. Toureig & jhop- 

01-245 9002 Anporh/TrnvaL 

buunen MH*W. SuO 58 17 

PA. 256 05 9i 


ion & travel art. 069 / 62 

FRANKFURT 069/ 233380. Young 
' ' VIP. PA. companion 

London 381 9847. 

ZURICH 558720 *, Yaw Soptaiaa*- 
od VIP. Lafe PA 

HONG KONG K-671267 W lady 

Guide. Tab 961 0154. 

Perianal Anotcrt 034565539 

HONG KONG - 3-620000 Young 

HONG KONG 5-7954823. Europe- 

Place Your Classified Ad QuSddy and Easily 


By Phono: Col your load IHT rapmentaiive with your taxi. You 
vUfl be informed of the cut immedi a tely, aid once prepayment is 
mode your ad will oppoa wilt™ 48 hows. 

Cook Thebaic rate a $9.80 poring per day + bad to w . there are 
25 bttan, signs and spaces in the first Ene aid 36 ei the foflowbg Knob 
Minimum space is 2 ines. No cddvevfcdiara accepted. 

Credit Code American Express, Diner's dub, Eurocard, Master 
Card, Access and Visa. 


n_- r.- nni I Booaoo Alt**: 41 40 31 

nrac (For dassned orxyp (Dept 312) 

747-4600. Caracas: 33 14 54 

Guayaquil: 51 4505 
PROW Uma: 417852 

Romano: 69 05 II 

AmeterdmK 263615. San Jomb 221055 

Athens: 361 -8377/3603421. 

Son Paulo: IB? 1093 

Bruute 343-1899. 

Copenhagen: (01) 32944a MBM! EAST 

Frankfurt (069) 72-67-55. Bahrain: 246303, 

LbbonB 67-27-93/66-25-44. lebmwo: 341 457/8/9. 

London: (01) 8364801 Qatar: 416531 

Matt* 455-2891/4553306. 

Whm, |0Z) 7531445. u££S*2 324161. 


Room: 679-3437. 

nut 7W799 Bonnkakr 390067. 

SwedMi: m /SO Via. Hong Kong: 5213671. 

Tel Aviv: 03455 559. Mart: 817 07 49. 

Viema: Contact Frankfurt. 5f owfc735 ^Z3^- 

Smgapcn: 222-2725, 

”™,"SS fSTsSS 25 ' 9 - 

Near York: (212) 752389a AUSTRALIA 

Wert Carat: (415) 362-8339. MNbonwier 690 8233. 


LONDON ZOE WEST Escort Agency 
Teh 01-579 7556. 

MADRID IMPACT escort aid art 
service. MuhSnaucL 261 4142 

Heerihraw/Gorwidc Teh 834 79*5 

Service. Tek 01 373 021 1 

vice. TeL 01-229 6541. 

vice. TeL 01 229 0776 

vice. Tefc 069-48 34 42. 

Tefc 089/4486038 

Tet 34 29 55 

02244-4191 or 722-432. 19 miMit. 

Escort Service. Tefc 02/7317641. 

Tefc 069/63 41 59. 

Chndmo i Escort ServxB. 069/364656 

■Service. 069/386441 & 00973518226. 

vice. Tefc 01-730 1840 


Guide Senna. Cadi. 2509603. 

7241107 alter 6 pm. 

Servian 20964376 

vice: Tefc 02/520 Z3 65. 

Manhattan 212-9937724 

MAt^^jDY Euort Service. Tefc 


0222/92 aHOn “ : 

Tet 01-373 6849. ***■ 



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IN A CHAIR,* ety THE r- 






l Sail support 
5 Strait near 

10 Shadowbox 

14 Big Egyptian 

15 Neighbor of 

16 English river 

17 Stones from 
the sky 

19 Bright star in 

20 Click beetle 

2] Ford of "Can 

You Top 

23 Commemora- 
tive slab 

26' ‘Oysters 


27 Tattletale 

30 All there 

34 Date for 

35 A ship 

37 Waikiki 

38 Firearm 

39 Sugar, bread, 

41 Silence 

42 Old French 

43 Alaskan 

44 Measured 

45 Renter 

47 Innkeeper of 

50 and outs 

51 Plant of the lily 

52 Compensation 

56 “Let do 


66 Jai 

61 Variable, as a 

64 Neighbor of 

65 Extinguish 

66 Famed 

67 Whops 

68 Green newt 

69 Bristlelike 

iere 1 Mute actor wpeoai 

for 2 A labor leader append 

Itian 3 Wife of 52SpelIbo 

p Rama chandra *3 Andeni 

imbered 4 Disease-carry- in Luca 
ikl ing flies Italy 

th 5 Bay 54 Mends 

inn 6 Swiss canton SSSuperd 

r, bread, 7 Basketball 0116 

rmir n 57 FUTOF 

ce 8 Bucks' mates 58 Small h 

■reach 9 Stupid fly 

10 Wise man 59 Sicilian 
tan 11 Painter volcanc 

tsula Mondrian 52 Ernie B 

wred 12 Former wasonf 

City constellation 63 Chemlc 

er 13 Rise high suffix 

© New York Tana, edited by Eugene Malabo. 

5/ 54/ as 

18 Greek moun- 
tain chain 

22 Mets, Padres 

24 Geneva's lake 

25 Plains Indian 

27 Star In 15 

28 Bring out 

29 Morning star 

31 Star In Perseus 

32 Desist 

33 Striped animal 

36 Troy, to 


39 Part of a Greek 

46 Place on a 

44 Signifies 

46 Dog Star 

48 Seal 

49 Pedal 

52 Spellbound 

53 Andeni town 
in Lucania, 

54 Mend socks 

55 Supercilious 

57 Furor 

58 Small biting 

59 Sicilian 

62 Emie B anks 
was one 

63 Chemical 

THE BUTTON: The Pentagon’s 
Strategic Command and Control 

By Daniel Ford 272 pp. $18.95. 

Simon & Schuster, 1230 Avenue of the 
Americas, New York, N. Y. 10020. 

Reviewed by Art Seidenbaum 

B ETWEEN the peril of our lime and a 
potential panic to end aQ time is a mem- 
brane of mutual intelligence — fragile, cover- 
ing thra isands of implanted annihilation en- 
gines as well as arms control discussions. 

Daniel Ford, reasonable and rightly con- 
cerned, takes us through the labyrinth of U. S. 
military communicatioas, the control and 
command procedures on the West’s side — the 
warning devices, the spy satellites, the detec- 
tion systems — attached to the monstrous 
prospect of nuclear warfare. The professionals 
can the vital linkage of the U. S. Worldwide 
Military Command and Control System by the 
ugly name of “connectivity.” 

Ford destroys several everyday illusions 


is that Trie mew 


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no single “button,” for instance. Yes, an aide 
carries the “football” wherever the president 
goes, but then are other balls and buttons in 
constant play. The logic is obvious if you allow 
yourself to think about it — and many of us 
prefer not to — because the United Stales 
cannot rely upon one man, one button, in a 
world where anything from a traffic accident to 
a terrorist could destroy a singular connective. 

“The president’s most frustrating problem 
m preparing to command U.S. forces anting a 
nuclear war,” Ford writes, “is that he maybe 
among the first to die.” The word “decapita- 
tion,” meaning the catting off of the heads of 
states and the devices of derision, appears 

The weaponry may be as deadly as adver- 
tised, but the so-called counterforce of ballistic 

missiles depends upon such vulnerable and 
unsophisticated communications relays as 
mere telephone wires. The United States’s 
magnificent electronic abilities to intercept So- 
viet lfTMnimiftns are hnlnnreri hy inariwpiaie 
capacities to coordinate the command of its 
own forces. 

“The Button” is extremely disturbing, what- 
ever your perspective. If you share the adminis- 
tration’s views about windows of vnherabfliy, 
then Ford presents evidence of U. S. inability 
to respond even if die questionable communi- 
cations system were in working order. “Every 
piece of modem electronic circuitry — from 
di gi tal watches to computers to tie entire na- 
tional electric power gnd and tdec omnmn ica- 

Sotatkm to Previous Poole 

I cddd □□□□ Eiaaa 
gedd □□□□d saaa 
□dcjo aaacjG □□□□ 
mana ana 
□csonaa aasaama 
geqees □aam □□□ 
gdg aaaa □□□□□ 
EBDQBaa Qanana 
□□□ □□□□ 
□con Qaana □□□□! 

CEDE 03300 0003] 

dedo 3330 oaaa 

lions system — - might suddenly stop working 
as soon as a few large Scnriet ucapm £■*« 
detonated sonmwbereWgh above the cmmrafl 
tal United States.” A phenomenon cajlM 
. “electromagnetic pulse" is the problem; -its 
effects are arguable. 

“The Button” is extremely disturbing tfjW 
believe t hat the United States has already 
bought all the widgets and weaponry; that a 
fang society might need to deter attack, rpro 
cites a Pent agon study of U. S. command, wd 
SSrol SSy capabititv. 

“the present system could be effectively dis- 
abled by fewer than 50 Soviet weapmw and 
would survive, at best, for only six to 1- hours 
after a Soviet attack.” . . 

And “The Button" is most disturbing 
think the U- S. posture is wholly defensive* 

Openly, luridly, horrifically, Ford j?*® 

the reasons for anudear power to launch a first 

strife nsthcr than react to an opponent’s, at- 
tack. Desperation might do it. In seve ral 
ters by several examples, he shows .Bow 
retaliation might not work. In dozens of pkm es ' 
he rhftr^rfPTT T g y the Pentagon x nc n tau l jr as 
unwilling to wait for the other ride to attack.* 

“Down Tbrmg h the commanders have 

always favoreaoBcanse to defense, semi^tbe 
initiative rather than ceding it to the eifmy. 
. . . m ining thp Uniteo Stales 
stnyed by theSovicts. and tfacn re t a li ati n g, is a 
completely unmflitary notiem.” - 

And, in mare paragraphs than this reade r 
wants to remember, he ates civilian theorists 

wbat to do in case of war. -John Stein- 

bruner, director of Foreign Policy Smdies al 
the Brockings Institution, tdd Form “Wehave 
□ever as a matter of national policy accepted 
the notion of pre-emption. We nave always as a 
matter of ntihtary realism planned to be able to 
do iL” 

The Rutsians, writes Ford, will not bcjfar- 

prised; thrir war plans are a “mirror image^of 
the United States’. Neither side may waptrto 
launch what has been called mutually assured 
destruction, but neither side wants to. absorb 
singular destruction either. 

Ford proposes m programs to cure the glob- 
al malady, to strengthen the membrane of 
muiual intelEffisice. His book suggests' that 
both rides are better at blowing up the Qt$er 
Side thaw itrfwirlmg f hw wt g lw s | affl S Ugenpg 
imbalances of power as wril as fear, ffims 
control Igadtng to disarmamwit is the m^St 
obvious, most hopefnl — perhaps the only 
remaining — intelligent step toward mutually 
assured sunival 1 r 

Art Seidenbaum is on the staff iff the. 
Angeles Times 

Victor Buga, Immortal Master,’ 
Is GimmemmatedinBe^iiig^.. 

The Associated Pros . 

BEIJING ~ Victor Hugo, the centenafy of 
whose death falls tins year, was honored titan 
“imiOMtal master of fiteratuxe and the arts”, at 
a meeting here sponsored by the CUnese Writ- 
ers’ Association and academic organizations. 

The meeting Wednesday was attended.'by 
500 Chinese writers, scholars and artists, the 
Xinhua news agency said. Lin Mingjiu, of the 
Chinese Socretyfo- the Smdy of French Iiie|a- 
. ture, said of the ISth-centuiy xwvdist, “Hi«p’s 
wdrits haw reamnded people that his b'qnii- 
tarianism, tiiough, not without .finat^te. 
should not be forgotten.” 

# HeJs just /VIY YARD cook. My RE 6 wr 


• by Herat Arnold anU Bob Lee 

I DON'T S££ 


NOW t SEE 1 

s WLL- 


OnacramWe these four Jumbles, 
one Mter to each square, lo Fonn 
four aidb»y words. 



By Alan Truscott 

O N the diagramed deal, the 
grand slam was distinctly 
optimistic, with a 39 percent 
chance. The hearts were lying 
favorably, and the two declar- 
ers emerged triumphant A 
third declarer was less fortu- 
nate. After the auction shown 
in the diagram, he was faced by 
the lead of the heart jack. 

In general the lead of the 
jack suggests that it is backed 
by the ten, and Soqth made 
that assumption. He won with 
the king, finessed the nine and 


faded by a trick. Was his play 

If the lead was from jack- 
ten-smaH, the contract was 
safe. If the lead was from jack- 
small, it was doomed. So South 
had id consider two unlikely 
possibilities: jack from jaric- 
ten-small, orjack from jack- 
small-smalL The first of these 
would be risky and a fittie na- 
ive; the second would be high- 
ly imaginative. 

If South had taken into ac- 
count the fact that West was a 
highly imaginative drfetider, 
be would have nude the grand 
slam. - 

*A7SS . •’ 

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2N.T. Ml 
• N.T. P». 


Now arrange the ciicied letters to 
form the surprise answer, as sug- 
gested by the above cartoon. 

Wbrld Stock \Iarkete 

Via Agence France- Presse May 23 

Closing prices in local currencies unless othencise in d i c ated. 

Answer here : 



(Answers lomonow ) 

Answer. What her steady date was much of the time 


Costa EM Ml 


C F 

at tv d 

1* 61 tr 
at 79 el 
24.75 St 
27 81 tr 
17 63 fr 
16 61 o 
24 75 r 

20 66 O 

22 72 17 63 o 

36 77 2S 02 fr 

10 64 11 52 d 

21 70 14 57 el 

— — — — no 

20 a 24 75 O 

Tonis 31 SB 13 55 d 

Hawns Aim 11 52 0 46 o 

Urn 22 72 14 57 d 

MUBCOr 25 77 10 50 pc 

ModO Jonoiro 27 81 17 62 d 

Sao Puiic — — — — no 


Now DoM 




Car* Town 




Kali + Soli 



Kiooauier H-O 

KJoecJuwr Werle 

Krupp Stahl 




Muenai Ru«ek 







Rhein metal I 






Wei la 

Ctaie Pro* 

175J0 172 

2W 27* 
3*750 266 

23150 733 

742 241 

55750 7*9 

4750 68.10 
105 106 

45050 451 

194 194 

15& 156 

15650 15650 
1340 1375 
595 57250 
620 625 

1209 1201 

277 29150 
13650 138.10 
166 1*650 
317 320 

465 464 

360 351 

55650 55150 
104 1W50 
10550 18550 
24050 24150 
600 5*8 

Chrsc Pr«* 

SA Brews 825 830 

SI Helena 3750 382S 

Sami 690 678 

west Holding 6700 6850 

Composite Sleek Index : 1167.11 
previous : 11 5550 

Train fair Hie 367 361 

TKF 141 M2 

Ullramar .235 235 

Unilever C 11 13/3211 29/64 
United Biscuits . 1*2 196 

Vickers 334 328 

Woo I worth 813 816 

F.T.M Index : 101050 
Previous : 102050 
F.T5.E. 100 Index : 1325 70 
Pie* tout : 1333X0 

Fraser w e ave 
Haw Par 
I n chcone 
IWal Bonkjo® 


31m b Dartrv 
S^pare Land 
S"pore Press 
S Stvamshto 
United Oversea 


iS 550 
Z40 240 

243 243 

650 05 

950 750 

351 269 
I4JX 2B9 

N £ ut 

2.97 295 

662 464 

CemmerztMMk Index : 129460 
Previous : 1 28550 

Bk East Asia 

ANP.CBS General index : 2895 1 
previous : 20960 I PS,. 

China Gas 
anna Ltohl 
Green island 
Hang Sena Bank 
1750 HIC Etoetrlc 
5500 HK Realty A 
22S HK Hotels 
3140 HK Lend 
384$ HK Shone Bank 
3165 HK Telephone 
1940 HK Whorl 

Hutch Whampoa 
5420 Hvson 
2125 Inn Clt* 

8040 Jordlne 
5950 Jordlne Sec 
1875 Kowloon Motor 
6900 Miramar Hold 
4255 Few World 
4020 Orient Overseas 
M00 SHK Proas 
1650 Sleluv 

Swire Pacific A 
Tal Cheung 

Wheelock A 
Whig On Co 

2740 2750 
1670 1660 
1050 KUO 
1& 1570 
670 S50 

5150 51-50 
2175 210 

B70 BJO 
11.70 11J0 
3750 3775 
iBO 575 
875 870 

9S 94 
650 650 

23.90 2350 
061 061 
059 088 

1170 1170 
1240 1250 
970 970 

37 3250 
775 770 

205 215 

1210 17 

260 255 

3640 73.90 
150 158 

174 173 

770 770 

Z20 220 

615 610 

210 210 

Banco Comm 



Cred ltd 







I taigas 
I ralmobllkirl 





5 I andc 


19500 1 9500 
3430 3390 
8727 8490 
2258 2221 
10180 10200 
14300 J4J70 
3231 3271 
9275 9275 
48000 478 « 
8260 8310 
92900 92000 
1490 1508 
84500 85890 

r00600 101110 
1727 1727 
6585 6620 
2490 2480 
73700 74150 
788 B92 

2135 2121 
1589 1527 
3200 3230 
16000 15530 
2918 2898 

Straus Tima lod index : 820JS 
Previous : 82245 

MJB C u rr e nt index : 1299 
Previous : I3T» 

Glare t 
Grand Mel 

184 192 

M0 5*S 

229 231 

17SI2 29/64 
305 2*4 

698 *95 

267 ?47 

850 360 

232 235 

429 431 

754 757 



Alla Laval 



Allas COPCO 
Ball den 

Handel soanken 


Previous : 1784* 





Comal CO 




Ewers Ixl 


ICI Australia 




Nan Australia Bk 

North Broken mu 




Queensland Coal 




Thomas Notion 
Western Mining 
Westpoc Bkno 
Wor max) 

All onllnaries lade* ; 

Source; Reuters anOAFP. 

380 NA 
184 IBS 

115 ITS 

!£ IS 

290 287 

297 294 

N.O. 380 
Ml 142 
194 191 

NA 420 
N-O- 380 
91 98 

220 719 

228 228 

236 232 

285 285 

463 465 

646 646 

324 324 

72b 230 

S N 3 ? 
N ^S » 

656 653 

274 318 

213 215 

303 303 

160 IS* 
200 HA. 
2S0 240 

318 315 

183 190 

432 KA. 
101 101 
450 45J 

425 438 

160 KA 
540 530 

604 606 

M8 17D 
25 25 

196 ILA-j 
420 HA 
420 HA 1 
160 160 
238 351 


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' ^McEnroe, ' ■ 
jo Connors Quit 
V Cup Team 

' li' ■> The Aaoaaud Pr*a 

DUESSELDORF — Upset over 
: - •* i! a sponsor's demand that they sign a 

■ : ; >>>£ code of conduct, John McEnroe 
r ■ ,J[ j and Jimmy Cwmore announced 
: • r .% Wednesday their withdrawal from 
• »* . I'Vir.’jthe U.SL Davis Cop team. 

■ .Speaking after competing their 

■ matches in the Wodd Team 

^ Tennis f^n p t McEnroe said, he 
” " • :‘C- ^ wpoW not play Davis Cop tomts 
' L ^, this year and Connore said he was 
, quitting the ♦wwn for good. 

. : ■ .Without McEnroe, the wood's 

1 .;■! ! H'i!jNa 1 player, and the third-miked 
- ''apnors.U.SL chances of refining 
. . • , ;;-^Wcoveted tennis trophy this year 
1 . wffl be severely damaged. The 

!. k 1 wffl be severely 

■ United States is to 

John McEnroe 


e \^ '“‘a; many in the second round of the 
‘ ' n ^*,Da vis Ctm’sWorid Group in Haro- 

• .. V: : ‘" -r; burg on Aug. 2-4. 

■ - McEnroe said ' the demanded 

' ■ conduct “wasn’t necessary” 

• while Connors said “the code 

■ ~ '■'^’played a part but it was also for 
' : ... «; ^personal reasons. I still enjoy play 
•-j : . . -^wing but I am fed up with a lot of 

" 1 *it: other acts around the game.” 

■•,,, -McEnroe: and Connors were, 
ijaten by Sweden in last~yeaiV 
\c;*n „^fmal in a match marred by out- 
’»*?•. ^-bursts by both Americans . Thor 

• :■ .v/'^adtics and comments earned offi- 

; .'- I dials of Louisiana Pacific; a spat - . 

. sor of the U.S. Tennis Association, 
...I’ 2**10 require team members to sign a- 
•• ^ ^codeof condncL ■ 

: Sbordy after the announcement, 

.^‘ Officials of the Men’s International 
... *!r.^F^ejB 0 nal Tennis CouncQpe^ 

. 'feed McEnroe $L250 for misbdiay- 

' ? irir rinrmg his n paimg team mrtdi 

• ... n ; . against Juan Aguilera of Spain 
' '*'*"! On Tuesday, McEnroe forced a 

10-mmnte ddky to protest a point 

gjven to Agrafixa, saying he had 
not been ready to receive service, 
^scene words and gestures were 

--exchanged by the players but Agni- 

lefa finally agreed to replay the 
j'/ll^niiirhlliPoiniandwDnit tolakea l-01ead 
v itHhe second seL 

On Wednesday, McEnroe was 
' penalized a break point in the axth 
game for telling me umpirehe was 
.^not qualified to sit in the chair. An 
, ' -council statement quoted McEnroe 
: : : ; as teDing the Swedish official. Kurt 
: ; -Magnusson, “You should not sit up 

Jimmy Connors 

there; yon should not even come to 
this country." 

It- also quoted obscenities and 
insults McEnroe shouted at Agui- 
lera. McEnroe won the decisive set 
with Mm brilliant mmw, but 
Aguilera refused to shake his hand 

McEnroe said the two “lad a 
misunderstanding winch was re- 
solved. We talked after the match.” 

Said Aguilera, “I was angry but 
we both apologized in the locker 

Celtics Steal Victory, Will Play Lakers in NBA Final 

Compiled fy Otr Stiff Fmm Disptaskes 

BOSTON — Andrew Toney 
heard the call bom his beach: ‘Ti- 
meout'" Lany Kid said that may 
have distracted the Philadelphia 
player just long enough to give die 
76ers a timeout until next season. 

Bird stole the ball from Toney 
with four seconds left to clinch 
Boston’s 102-100 victory Wednes- 
day night that sent the defending 
champion Celtics into ' the title 
round of the National Basketball 
Association playoffs. 

There, starting Monday after- 
noon, the Celtics win meet the Los 
Angeles Lakers, who wrapped up 
the Western Conference title with a 
153-109 victory over the Denver 
Nuggets on Wednesday night. 

Earvin (Magic) Johnson had 19 
assists in ihe game in Inglewood, 
California, to become the all-time 
playoff leader in that category. 

By winning the fifth game of the 
best-of-sevm Eastern Conference 
final to take die senes, 4-1, the 
Celtics kept alive their hopes of 
becoming the first team to wm con- 
secutive NBA championships since 
Boston did ft in 1969. 

Tf I was the coach, I world have 

called tiiranwt in that wtnetwn, 

too,” Bud said of the gam&endftig 
play in the 76ers’ left cooler, right 
next to their beach. But only a 
plays on the court can get a ti- 
meout, and the officials did not 

grow P bflartriphia Bin np f. it wanted 

to set up a final play. 

Bird said Toni^ “lost his concen- 
tration” when he heard the «an 
from the bench. “He sort of looked 
around for what he was going to do 
and as he brought the ball up, I just 
got my hand in.” 

Bird t hw i fitmg the ball across 
the court to teammate Danny 
Arnge and time ran ouL 

T had the ball on the baseline by 
the beach,” said Toney. “I knew we 
had just a few seconds left. I was 
trying to gp one-on-one. I heard 
somebody on the bench call ti- 
meout *nd I just hrid up and he 
(Bird) rushed over. 

But he denied that he was dis- 

The loss foiled the 76ers’ bid for 
die first successful comeback from 
a 34) deficit in league playoff histo- 

^ * | ■ tiaut la m 

a game Hke this because we made a 
valiant effort,” Toney said. 

So did the C ritic s , who hung on 
to win with fhehdp of four steak in 
the final four minutes after they 

Larry Bird Mocked shot by 76ers* Charles Barkley early in game; in waning seconds, his steal ensured a 102-100 victory. 

took a 95-93 edge. For the game, 

the tVhine had 13 fiteata 

“We were not as organized as we 
should have been,” said Philadel- 
phia forward Bobby Jones. “The 
Critics get back well an defense 
<mri contain.” 

Ainge had two of the last four 
steals. The second one came on a 
pass by Jones with 1 :55 left in regu- 
lation. Dennis Johnson, who led 
Boston with 23 points, was fouled 
on die ensuing possession and 
made two bee throws to put the 
Critics ahead, 100-95. 

Charfgg Barkley’s third three- 
point field goal cut the lead to two 
points, bat Johnson made a shot 
bon the top of the key and it was 
102-98 with 1:11 to go. 

Julius Erving scored on a drive 
across the lane, slicing the advan- 

tage to two with 56 seconds remain- 
ing. Then the drama soared to its 

With 12 seconds to go, Bird 
missed a shot in the lane a&d said 
later, T definitely thought I was 

Ervins got the rebound and col- 
lided with To^ before throwing it 
to the guard in the left corner. 

Erving «»id that if no quick op- 
portunity developed after the re- 
bound, the plan was to call a ti- 
meout He apparently signaled for 
one but was not recognized by the 
officials before Bird grabbed the 

“When it got down to the final 
three rnmutat, you had two very 
good teams playing serious ball out 
there,” said Johnson. 

*Tm not surprised we woo die 

series,” said Bird. T am surprised 
it’s over this eariy." 

“Mentally, the Celtics wanted 
it” said Erving. “The Celtics 
weren’t playing that great in the 
series and I thought after Sunday,” 
when Philadelphia won the fourth 
game, “we could create history” 
“When we left the locker room 
today, we did not want to go back 
to PhiHy. That was (me of the last 
things we said,” said Boston’s 
Johnson. A sixth game would have 
been in Philaddphia Friday night 
Asked if Boston wanted to win 
more than the 76ers, he said, “At 
times, it might have looked Eke it 
on the court. Eke at the end when 
we came up with a lot of loose 

Boston, which extended its home 
playoff winning streak to 1 1 games, 

The Lakers whipped the injuiy- 
riddled Nuggets, 4-1. in the West- 
ern Conference finaL 
Johnson, in just his sixth NBA 
season, became the league’s all- 
time ImiIw in playoff assists when 
he dished out his seventh of the 
game in the second quarter. That 
gave him 971, bettering the mark of 
970 held by Jerry West, a former 
all-star guard far the Lakers who 
now is the team’s general manager. 
Johnson also scored 17 points 

and James Worthy had 25 and By- 
ron Scott 21 for 'the Lakers, who 
took control of the contest in the 
second quarter. 

The Nuggets, whose top scorer, 
Alex English, broke a thumb in last 
Sunday's loss to the Lakers, missed 
their first 17 shots of the second 
quarter, s panning nearly eight min , 

That enabled the Lakere to break 
away from a tie at 34 and build a 
57-37 lead in the next seven min- 
utes. At halftima. it was 76-53 and 
Denver never again got dose as (he 
Lakers rung up the second-highest 
total in NBA playoff history. 

The Lakers' appearance in the 
league final will be thdr sittb in the 
past seven years, but last year's 
championship series ended on a 
sour note alien they lost to the 
Celtics in seven games. 

Denver’s coach. Doug Moe, said 
the Lakers “were the best team last 
year, but they gave it away, so I 
don't know what will happen this 

“LA. is better this year than last, 
no comparison. They are stronger 
physically, they're a better re- 
bounding team, they play a stron- 
ger game, and tbe big plus is Byron 
Scott,” Moe said. “He's a pure 
shooter and he Efts the whole level 
of their players.” 

The stingy Celtics allowed the 

got 20 points bom Robert Parish 
and 17 each from McHale and 

Philadelphia, which had won 
three of its previous four playoff 
series with tbe Critics, was led by 

76ers just 100 points per game in 
their series, with the 76 ere exceed- 
ing (hat total only once. In compil- 
ing an 11-2 playoff mark this year, 
Los Angeles has averaged 131.2 
points per game. 

“They’re playing (be best basket- 
ball of any team in tbe league," 
Bird said of the fast-breaking Lak- 
ers. “But we’re a defensive- minded 
team.” (AP, LAT, UPI) 

■ McHale Wins Award 

Boston's Kevin McHale, con- 
tinuing the off-the-bench tradition 
of framer Critics Frank Ramsey 
and John Havlicck, was named 
Wednesday the winner of tbe 
NBA's Sixth Man Award. The As- 
sociated Press reported from New 

It was the second year in a row 
that the 6-foot- 10 (2.08-meter) 
McHale, a five-year pro and late- 
season starter for the Cdtics, has 
been voted the award. He received 
57 of 78 voles by a nationwide 
panel of sports writers and broad- 

“Bring on the Critics, it means 
more b e ca us e this is the team that 
started it,” McHale said. 


• t - Baseball 

" ^ednesday 9 &M^r Leagaeline Scores 


dCMN MMMr* 4 1 

roranto unmb-WH • 

Dotson. Fatal W. Srtltar m. AooMn CB> 
and Ftak,Hm (71; SttatarMawlinaB (D.Cod- 

mu m <** wwtt. »— m« L-oatm.%- 

Z HR. Toronto Mafcnnk OX 
i. ;2;MIIWW*M . TO M0 (M — i 12 1 

, , cmdml IUMW-5 7 1 

, •». DanwbbGftuntiiXFfnBentVandMoant; 
,1: [uneven. Easterly (SI and Banda, w— Glb- 
non. 5-1. L— BJyMvWV 2-5. Sv— Ftooart («. 

■ HR— -dwaloadU Thornton (II. 

M 0 M MO— 4 to 1 
MMHV4 < 1 
: Qemau. Stanley <U xnd Sullivan; Vkikv 
. Davts (V| and Soto*. LowfcHf.Ol.W—CMm- 
W3-t L-VWa«.Sv— SWtfW (M.HRO— 
I't! Boston. Aram OS. Mbnaata. Smallw (41. 
( t : Kansas CBr 1ST MO MO-4 » 1 

I! Texas MNUH-l I 1 

I .. Sabortmoan. (MsmbstTV (I) and Sond- 
4 • bora; Holes. Stewart (!) and Bremmcr, Pw- 
-tott (St. W Sab o r l — m v 4a L— Holes, w. 
»- " t7 g w Qu ls enb e mr W). HRs— Items, O’Brien 
(SJ. Knneas aty.Orto £2). 

(<t *“ tammore MS OB HM S • 

OddMt SM NS M-4 3 1 

r^3 • . ' QKcGreaor and Oemosev; Sutton, Kaiser . 
** *' UQ.Attierton Wand HsaKLW^MaSraMM.^ ’ 
13 a. L— Sutton. ML 

m Mi Mb— 1 i a 

.«4» le MMib-l It 

^ ^RgNmneen and Wynoa o r ; Y«m end 

m " 11 . Keamev. W Mva u no.2-S.l - Hnswut«« v2- 

z HR— Seattle. CokMroa CD. 

Detroit MM Ml NO— J n • 

CdHonta MMHM 4 t 

PefnrandParrWi; Witt Clements (W. Cl I- 
'• . bum (V>. Jalm mend Boone. W— Petry.M. 
U— Witt ML HR— CatHornfa. Harnn Ml. 

Atteata ITS tM M*-J M I 

. sl Laois see sm sen— s 7 t 

L . Mahler, oedmoa (Q and Beoecfld; Kep- 
sMre. Forsch (Il.Davley U). and Nieto. W— 
FortdV 3-2. L — Mahler, 1M. Sw— Davtwv D). 

. MR— St. Louts. Fonch til... 

Clectenmi Ml NtNd-4 M 1 

CHoaee 3M Ml W*-T t I 

'Brawnbia, Hone (#). Robtaeon (71 and Kid- 
• - eety: Echerstew Braeskr (7).Sndth (U and 
, ’ DowH. W Ed er dW iJS. L- Brwwilro.41 
Sw— Smith rWl.HRs— OnctwiattlCntcetv OX. 
CWtcnau. Davett (II. Ducnam (4). 

- Las Aoeetes IM M> M^4 1 1 

M MddMMB-ad d 

■. > ‘'AmandMaadaj Wmar.pieneC7l.RB- 
’I ! W and FltmeroM. W — Rems. 3-< L— 

' Patmer. 34. HA— Lee AnaMes, Bredc (31. 

'. San Frendece- MMM-I ( ( 

. ' P M ta d eM Me tee lei ew — 2 t T 

. LaPoint. Garrett* (7) and Brenfy ; ICGronfc 

• Rucker 171. CUkkess (■). Cairn (V) end . 
; • vtnjR.w-LjaPolrtf.2-iL— lCGfoss.M.Sy— 

! I Garretts (41. 

• 9aa Dteae MO M* Md T-S t.1 

Hear Tort M3 Md Ml 0-4 * 1 

(M Mottos) 

Shawi, Booker IB. Letferts (6). DaLMn (7). 

' Thurmond (fL Gosaoue (W) AM Keonedr: 

• Oarllna. McDowell (7). Orosco OM and CON 
ter. w — Thumtond. S-l L— Orosco. 1-Z Sv— 

■ " - Gottorn (111. HRs — New York. Feeler' Ml.. 
■ Son DMBOk Keonedw (4). 



JbdatpMo NflMlMN 

- Mm M J» M. 3 S H— M 2 

; D Johnson TM# Hi 3 X pamh M 7 M 3 d: 
Cheeks T 0 -T 5 *4 24 . Ervinfl M 2 MTLRB- 
teeads: PMMstahlaM (Malone 15 ); BOsMn- 
1 sr (McHale 14 ). Assbtsr FtdiadeMila M 
(Cheeks. Toney 41 ; Boston 24 (DJohnson 8 ). 
; o n e r ... 34 If 21 2 S-M 0 

• LA. LMnr* . MttVJd-tS> 

Worthy W-nMUSeoBW-TWUMeGae 
r lA-lf 1 - 121 : WLCoeoerlMl 1421 . Lever 7 -Mi- 
1022 . itibsondK Denver « 1 .( 3 dwyes fit Lot 
r» Angeles 41 (Kuochak 10 ). AwMt: Denver 26 
;< (Lever 6 ): Um Anselm 42 (Johnson If). 

. . EASTERN . . 

(Boston srint series 4 - 1 ) 


■* _ . (Lso Anoetes wtns sertes 4 > 1 ) 

^Mip te ns ldn; ms Ana el es v*. Bilon • 
' Mav 27 ; Los Annette at Boston - 

, May 30 : Los Asoetes at Boston 
, . June 2 : B ee t en ot Los Ai m to e 
. Junes: Bostee at Los Ane e lte 
•< »-Ju"e 7 : Beet en Lee Aneelte 

* s-June h Lee A n g el as at Boston 
. Ji-June Lot s im i les -at Beeton 

.• tx-H neeeeeery| 

Noumea . MMtns-ili 2 

i . nwmi-i 7 ■ 


Kneoner, Dowtew (■). Smttt 0*1 and 
Ashby; DeLeon. CamWario (S). Holland (*) 
ond Pena. W Dun de w V2. L— Holland. 1-1 
Sv— Smith ML HR»— Pittsburgh, Ray (1>. 
Wynne (11 Houston, Bass (41 

Mqor League Standings 



B q Utmare 




W L P d GB 
24 14 432 — 

22 15 JH Ih 

21 11 31 M 
If 17 JS 4 
Id 30 474 4 

IS 21 417 t 
15 22 LMS f 


23 U — 

21 II JN 2 

tv 17 sm rtt 
s u » » 

II 20 JO* 4V!» 
17 21 MJ 5» 
11 27 29 lift 


Hew York 
Montreot ' 



Son Di e no 
Onchwa tt 
Las A nn e Ms 
Atlanta . 

22 13 43? — 

22 14 JIT 1 
22 17 -SM 2V*. 
If It JtO J 
15 21 MS 9 
12 25 324 llVb 


.22 14 All — 

2i ' li sm m 

21 IS J3B 2» 
Tf 21 475 5 

tt & 41 7 

60 35 I 


ton (Hmvnrvl-deL Real Madrid d-L 
Madri d shs an bnrenoi e 3-1) 


TEXAS— Nomad Item Home yltcMnacDO- 


- - teettaoN PeetMl 1 snnse 
Denver — N amed Mike- Summon affen- 
Nve coordinator. Slpnod Ron Anderson, Ibw 
baeker, and.WBonl Sdtsurb offensive Rw- 

GrEen bay. 

ini iwH. 


U3F b H omed Cary Fe t er cimkle Director 
of Player Fenamet 
Portland— stapedRaridy HonowaV,tfe- 

tsAsiVe end, ' 


>MI«wl Hecbav Le a g u e 

LOS ANGELES— 5dld the contRKtafdteve 
Haiti MR the M ontr e a l Cooo dl ens. 

**?| r aw 

Momnd Don 3nditi botkottea coach. 

. CONNECTICU T Na m ed CenoAuriemmo 
women’s boefcothoa coach. 

CORNELL — Named Pater Jotwisaa assts- 
tortt heckey ceadL - - ' 

DOMINICAN— Homed Paul Dondny soc- 
cer couch. 

David na dbaeteraf atMettcs. 

. kings. point— A sneunced the reNsna- 
Dea of Ed Stater, wraeWna ceodL 
LOYOLA. CALI Fi NuedJudotT. Prado, 
asMoid men's bodceRma coach. 

, j^Vi i i ' ■ . 

Aiswunceij the restaeotlonofJattanv Overby. 

Hew MEX ICO dinned Gorv Cotsoiv 
■ nan’s taddMI coach, to g th r e ey eor coo- 
InssL ' 

Diewwsslshint boskotbaa coadiimd rscnitN 
tan ooouBsdM. ■ ■ 

BPRINOFI ELP Na m ed Peter. Hotav 
mens sooner enaeft. •. . t 
T1ILANE . Ahn o nao e d the r m enoHon'nt 
JoUo Yeaeor. wome n 's bn M et b a t l coodL 
UCLA Hom ed Judy LeWinter ansfEiaat 

Orioles’ McGregor 3-Hits A’s 

Compiled ty Ow Staff From Dbptadta 

" OAKLAND, Cahforma — Scott 
McGr^or escaped his mysterious 
doldiumsjust in time to bewilder 
the Oakland A’s. 

McGregor, who had lost Ids last 
four dectgntw 3md miwJ his las t 
start with arm problems, pitched a 
three-hitter and Lee Lacy contrib- 
uted a double and an RBI single 
Wednesday night as the Baltimore 
Orioles beat tbe A’s, 3-0. 

“I came into the gamejust want- 
ing to get past the fifth inning” 
McGregor said. “I guess dial’s 
what happens when you've pitched 

tbe way I have this year. Once I got 
through the order for die first time 
and saw the way I was pitching, I 
started torriax.” 

McGregor entered the game with 
a 1-4 record. He had given up 43 
lifts in 302 jiming* Against the 
A’s, he was in total control, gettmg 
the 20th shutout of Ids major 
league career. He struck out seven 
and walked only three. 

The Orioles opened die scaring 
in the fourth on Fred Lynn’s single, 
Don Sutton's wild pitch and Larry 
Sheets’s RBI single. They scored 
twice in the fifth, with Rich Dauer 
and Rick Dempsey tiring to lead 
off. Lacy then collected the Orioles’ 


third straight single off Sutton to 
bring home Dauer and make it 2-0. 
An out later. Cal Ripken walked to 
load the bases and Eddie Murray 
bit a .sacrifice fly to deep center to 
score Lacy. 

Tigers 3, Angels 2 
Detroit's Dan Petty pitched a 
foar-Mtter in Anaheim, California, 
for his first complete game this sea- 
son and became tbe AL’s first 
e^ht-game winner. Alan. Tram- 
mell’s single with one out in the 
fourth was Detroit’s first hit off 
Mike Witt and began a two-run 
rally. Kirk Gibson singled and 
Lance Parrish’s sacrifice fly scared 
Trammell before Gibson scored on 
a tingle by Darrell Evans. The TL- 
gas made it 3-1 in the sixth on two- 
out tingles by Parrish, Evans and 
Nelson Snrmww is, 

Mariners 4, Yankees 1 
In Seattle, Matt Young pitched a 
three-hitter and Dave Henderson 
doubled in two runs to hdp beat 
New Yoric. Young allowed only 
rate hit after the first mm’ng , an 
opposue-fidd tingle in the fourth 
by Ken Griffey, and struck out a 
career-high 10. 


Georgia Basketball Team Penalized 

ATLANTA (AP) — Tbe NCAA has barred the University of Georgia’s 
basketball coaobes from off-campus requiting fra one year and revoked 
tbe eligibility of star forward-center Cedric Henderson, although the 

L— 1 ..LJ La a- a ^ ^ »- U » J 

school said it believed Henderson’s etigiNEty will be restored. 

Wednesday night's penalties were part of a one-year probation im- 
posed on die program after the NCAA investigated its recruiting prac- 
tices and said it found nine violations of roles m 1982, 1983 and 1984. 

a one-year probation no- 

tices and said it found nine violations of roles m 1982, 1983 and 1984. 

The NCAA said ft also ordered Georgia to retnm 90 percent, or 
$254,880, of its profits from participation in the NCAA ta nrnanient this 
winter. Additional penalties were imposed directly on the basketball 
coach, Hiigh Dur ham , and an unidentified assistan t cnach 

NFL Gits Team Rosters by 4 Players 

LINCOLNSHIRE, Illinois (AP) — National Football T-ia gne owners 
voted Wednesday to reduce team rosters to 45 playera fra the 1985 
season, down from tbe 49-man squads the league had mamminw! since 
the strike-maned 1982 season. 

In Washington, Gene Upshaw, executive director of the NFL Hayes 
Association, called the deosion “something which will hurt the quality of 
tbe game” and said he wondered “if the owners are sending a signal to the 
union that coflective bargaining is going to be tough” when negotiations 
begin on a contract to replace the one expiring after the 1986 season. 

Sale of Saints Gets Louisiana Backing 

BATON ROUGE, Louisiana (AP) —After more than two horns of 

Mae Jays 10, White Scot 0 
Dave Stieb and two refievers 
pitched a four-hitter in Toronto 
and George BeO drove in three runs 
in helping sweep the three-game 
series with Chicago. Stieb worked 
seven innings, allowing three hits, 
but later said his pitching aim el- 
bow had been sore for the second 
straight game. 

Brewers 6, IntBim 5 
In Cleveland, Ted Simmons hit a 
two-run single during Milwaukee's 
four-run fifth, then relievers Bob 
Gibson and RoDic Fingers held the 
Indians tO OIK hit OVBT the final 5 

1/3 timings- 

Milwaukee’s manager, George 
Bamberger, rfaimwl the Indians’ 
Tony Bernazard was using an ille- 
gal bat and protested the game af- 
ter Bemazard hit a two-run doable 
in the fourth. The protest later was 
withdrawn and Bemazard, who is 
hitting 310 with four homere this 
year after finishing last season at 
321 and two homers, retorted, 
*Tm not guilty of anything. Didn’t 
that Hamburger guy or Bamberger 
or whatever ms name is ever hear 
about weights? I lifted weights dur- 
ing the off-season.” 

Royals 6, Rangers 3 
Jorge Orta's three-run home ran 
in the eighth gave Kansas City its 
victory in Arlington, Texas. 

Red Sox 4, Twins 3 
In Minneapolis, Tony Armas ho- 
roered and wade Boggs singled in 
two runs for Boston. Roger Clem- 
ens allowed Minnesota only four 
hits and retired 16 erf tbe 17 batters 
he faced betjveen tbe second and 
seventh mmngs. 

Dodgers 4, Expos 0 
In tbe National League, Los An- 
geles’ Jerry Reuss pitched a four- 
hitter in Montreal to raise his re- 
cord against the Expos to 25-5 and 
said, “T can’t figure it out But I just 
wish I could apply it to other teams 

The AnodcMd rtwu 

A show of hands had FhnBes* Garry Maddox safe stealing second against Giants’ Brad 
Wellman, with umpire John Kfbier casting the deciding vote. Giants won Wednesday, 6-2. 

I don’t do so well against." It was 
his first complete game this year, 
his first shutout since Ocl 1, 1982. 

The Dodgers’ Greg Brock hit a 
three-run homer in the sixth. 

Cubs 7, Reds 4 

In Chicago. Brian Dayett. 
brought up firm the minors eaifier 
this month, pinch bit for pitcher 
Dennis Edcerdey in the sixth and 
hit a grand stem home ran on the 
first pitch to beat Qncnmari- 

The Reds' Pete Rose scored his 
2,108th run and surpassed Hank 

Aaron as the all-time NL leader. 

Canfaals 5, Braves 3 
Bob Forsch homered in the fifth, 
ending a 3-3 tie, and pitched 6 1/3 
innings in relief in SL Louis to help 
the Cardinals sweep three games 
from Atlanta. 

Giants 6, Phillies 2 
In Philadelphia, Manny Tr31o 
took part in three double plays the 
first four innings, (hen got the 
game-winning RBI to help San 
Francisco end a three-game losing 

streak. Ten Phillies were left 
stranded the first six innings. 

Astros 5, Pirates 3 
Alan Ashby hit a game-tying sac- 
rifice fly in the ninth in Pittsburgh 
and doubled in two runs with two 
outs in the 10th as Houston won. 

Padres 5, Mets 4 
San Diego's Terry Kennedy, 
whose three-run homer tied the 
score in the sixth inning in New 
Yoric, won it with a single in the 
.10tL (UPI. AP) 

Inch' Rookies: International Mix With Mixed Results 

had maintained since ■/ 

Senate approved by one vote Wednesday a resolution endorsing a lease 
that would keep the New Orleans Saints in the Superdome for 21 yeas. 

The approval, pasting on a vote of 21*17, one more than the required 
simple majority of titt 39-member Senate; frees the governor to sign the 
lease agreement, with S2J5 million in inducements, asked by un to dealer 
Tom Benson as a condition for his purchase of the Samis frpm Houston 
entrepreneur John Mecom Jr. 

Soccer Star Zico’s Trial Begins in Italy 

UDINE, Italy (UPI) — Brazilian star Zloo of Utfinese appeared in 
court Wednesday fra the opening session of Ins trial on charges of 
illegally exporting $600^00 out ofiialy. 

Zmois secured rfmovmgnmnCTontrf thecommy threwdi a publicity 
contract signed with a London firm in Switzerland in 1983. Defense 
attorneys argued the pact was signed before 25co became a resident of 
Italy and therefore does not fall iwnW Italian fiscal restrictions. 

Untied Free International 

INDIANAPOLIS — For each of the six 
rookies who win start in Sunday's In di anapo 
Us 500, another who tried to qualify will 
watch and wonder what might have been. 

The first-time starters win include Arie 
Luyendyk of tire Netherlands in row seven, 
Jim Crawford of Scotland in row nine, Rail 
Vogler in row II and the entire eighth row: 
Ed Pimm , Rani Boesri and John Paul Jr. 

The odd rookies out were Michael Roe erf 
En gland, Jacques Vfllenueve of Canada, 
Mike Nish, Randy Lanier, Phil Kmeger and 
Wmv T. Kibbs. who had hooed to be tne first 

circuits so I expect to be fast here. For the 
or each of the six firet time. Til do a lot of pit stops.” 
relay’s In di anapo Paul had tbe busiest sdiedule of toe month, 

xl .to Qualify *31 competing: in a race in Charlotte, North Car- 
migfat have been, olina, while trying to qualify fra Indy, 
will include Arie He crashed at Charlotte, but made the 


BoeseL, a Brazilian, was the fastest rookie 
qualifier, making the 33-car field at 206.498 
miles per hour (332320 kilometers per hoar). 
He bad never been an an oval track until 
arriving at the Speedway a month ago, 
Boesd was the third dnver on the team of 
ve teran Didc Simon, bet moved up when 
Nish left to try qualifying in one of AJ. 
Foyfs backup cars. Nish crashed in practice 
and never made a qualifying attempt. 

“I know I need to do the best I can to 
leant,” Boesd said. *Tve always liked fast 

Indy field during one of his sums between 
flights. He qualified a 1985 March-Cosworth 
on the last of three permitted qualifying trie. 

The extra pressure, combined with practice 
crashes that kept Paul from qualifying tbe 
past two years,. began to affect him. 

"I always wanted to be a part of this race," 
be said after qualifying/! felt I was under 
tremendous pressure. FH probably get an 
ulcer out of tins, but it was now or next year." 

It wiH be next year or later fra Ribbs, the 
man Paul replaced in the car. Ribbs attracted 
die most attention of any driver at rookie 
orientation but pulled out after one day of 
practice and dia not try to qualify. 

Crawford qualified in a car that was later 
thrown out fra being 20 pounds tmderwaeju. 
He requalified in a new Lola-Cosworth after 
Canadian The helped his team obtain a car. 

VDleaueve was yanked from the main Ca- 
nadian Tire car and replaced with veteran 

Johnny Parsons. ViDenueve, who missed last 
year’s race after a practice crash, hit the wall 
twice in practice this month. 

The frenzy of the final hour of qualifica- 
tion saw Vogler get his car up to speed after a 
month of problems, while Roe could not 
requalify after being bumped from the field. 

“this place really puts the pressure on 
you,” Vogler said. “It seems like nothing is 
ever the easy way for Vogler.” 

Roe blew an engine before he was bumped. 
A frantic search fra a new engine was reward- 
ed, but the untested engine failed to make 
speed in two last-minute qualif ying runs. 

For Pimm and Luyendyk, the month has 
featured no major disasters. The other two 
rookies who attempted to reach the Odd 
failed. Lanier was asked to leave because of a 
lack of experience, and Krueger was never 
able to consistently make 200 mph speeds. 

Tbe first racer from Holland in Indy 500 
history knows bow fortunate he is. 

thrill to hem the field. Indianapolis is almost 
bigger than my country ” 



The Smoked-Free Dieter 

By Russell Baker 

TX/ASHINGTON — Since de» 

▼V scribing the miseries afflic ting 

me since I stepped smoking 36? 
days ago (IHT. April 19). I have 
been inundated with expert opin- 
ion. Almost all the experts agree 
that the constant strangling sensa- 
tion I suffer in neck and waist is not 
the result of a mysterious shrinkage 
of clothing, as I suppose, but is 
caused by food-fueled expansion of 
the fatty tissues. 

This strikes me as bunk. Is it 
sensible to suppose that a stomach 
might crave more food intake sim- 
ply because a set of longs with 
which it happened to be aseerim^ 
suddenly had its smoke cut ofT? 

i£s my guess that the average 
stomach doesn't care one way or 
the other about the lungs' smoke 
supply, but even if it did, would it 
go on a food binge because the 
smoke slopped? 

Stomach and lungs, after all, are 
close neighbors; living next door to 
lungs that are constantly full of 
smoke must affect a stomach the 
way living across the street from a 
burning dump would affect you 
and me. 

utuugu ui pnysioiogicai philoso- 
phy. Back to the experts. Though 
thousands have submitted diag- 
noses of “overeating," * gluttony 
and “obesity,” only one has men- 
tioned the baffling perpetual cold 
that set in when the cigarettes 

He does not blame the cold on 
overeating, but his report is not 
cheering: My only hope for relief 
lies in years of rinsing the sinus 
passages daily with a salt-water so- 
lution. The process, he says, is diffi- 
cult and uncomfortable. Not a phy- 
sician, he declines to elaborate, bin 
suggests 1 seek medical advice. 

I think not, since he says the 
procedure may have to be repeated 
daily for years to eliminate a really 
well-entrenched cold like mine. 
Most people can get used to a con- 
stantly running nose, but having 
salt water pumped through your 
sinus tubes day after day for years 
seems a dispiriting way to spend a 

I am not stubbornly r esisting all 
advice to diet. Though I believe it is 
nonsense, I am not too intolerant to 

I should note that I have always 
been a modest eater and remained 

so after giving up cigarettes. To be 
sure, after conquering the habit. I 
increased food consumption slight- 
ly fix- health reasons: Having been 
unnaturally thin all my life. I was 
afraid of suffering a' dangerous 
weight loss once 1 stopped taking in 
the four or five pounds of smoke 
that I had been carrying around for 

To guard against this. I added a 
bowl of oatmeal topped with sliced 
banana to my normal breakfast, 
began earing dessert at lunch (usu- 
ally a not terribly big slice of mince 
pie), and, just before bedtime, con- 
suming a bowl of ice cream and, 
once in a while, a toasted muffin 
with butter and blackberry jam, 
followed on very rare occasions by 
a couple of pieces of cold fried 

One morning after having to call 
my two grown sons to help me get 
my belt buckled, I acceded to their 
argument that the diet experts 
might know what they were talking 
about and dedded to' test than. 


Frankly, 1 did not undertake this 
popular American discipline in 
good spirit, but with feelings of 
profound malice toward all those 
antismoking health zealots who 
had assured me that giving up the 
butts would make me feel like a 
million dollars. 

They hadn’t told me about the 
perpetual cold that would ensue, 
had they? So it wasn’t surprising 
that they hadn’t bothered to say, 
“And by the way. you’re going to 
suffer terrible distress around the 
waist and neck due to acme fabric 

For the last two days, I have 
been living exclusively 'cm grape- 
fruit, lettuce, tuna fish, skim milk, 
unsweetened tea and a sustaining 
sense of superiority over Lbe man 
four offices down who still smokes. 

I'd love to catch him lighting a 
cigarette in a restaurant so I could 
make a scene demanding my right 
to dine in smoke-free air. There has 
to be some reward for all the misery 
caused by giving up cigarettes, 
doesn't thare? 

No? Ah well at least I've lost all 
craving for tobacco and shall prob- 
ably never smoke again, and isn't it 
great? Lettuce, tuna fish, pain in 
the waist, running nose. . . 

Great, just great. 

New York Times Service 

Piano Rolls: 'A Funny, Stupid Little Business’ 

By Edward A. Gargan 

,Vfw York Times Service 

B uffalo. New York — 

With razor blades and 
Scotch tape, 88 black and white 
keys and a new computer, Rudy 
Martin make* music — music 
that 1 tickles the ivories and sets 
toes wagging and fingers snap- 

In his cluttered balcony work- 
shop, Martin's long fingers 
stroked the keys, while between 
each chord his right foot pumped 
a long steel rod that made an 
anneal contraption of air tubes 
and levers ana spinning wheels 
spit out a stream of paper spat- 
tered with punctures. “It’s slow 
because the machine can only go 
so fast." Martin said. 

Martin arranges music for 
player pianos, which play them- 
selves when fed a roll of paper 
dotted with boles. He works for 
QRS Music Rolls Inc., the oldest 
and one of the last makers of rolls 
for player pianos in the United 

“I really believe the player pi- 
ano has a universal and everlast- 
ing appeal" said Ramsi P. Tick, 
the mustachioed president of 
QRS. “They are inherently fun. 
Just because they were big in the 
’20s doesn't mean they should dis- 
appear from the earth. They’re 
there to sing along, to have fun 
with. The chain of paper roll with 
words primed on it, the keys mov- 
ing, it's all part of the mystique.” 

Inside the factory, there was a 
rhythmic "phht-phht, tatatak, 
phhi-phht" of iron-frame ma- 
chines with flywheel and ratchets 
and anemone-like growth of 
black-rubber pneumatic tubes, 
and bursts of fast-paced render- 
ings of “Wunderbar" from “Kiss 
Me, Kate” and “Take Me Out to 
the Bah Game." Workers were 
doing a little quality control of 
new rolls. 

Each machine rfnimi out a thin 
stack of 16 perforated paper 
sheets— 32 sheets if the tune is a 
particularly big seller. 

When the rolls are finished, 
they are yanked, one by one, by a 
whirring belt through an appara- 
tus that stencOs the words of each 
tune alongside the punched holes. 
A pedal-operated spooler rewinds 
each roll before it is boxed for 

Player pianos caught on at the 

f* m 

* Vv 



*■ ij 







■iM r 



Wim E Sautafllw Now Tort Tra 

Ramsi P. Tick with rolls (above left); Rudy Martin at arnuigments machine. 

end of the 19ih century — and 
were perfected by Melville Dark, 
who founded QRS in 1900. By the 
1920s, sales of piano rolls were 
averaging 10 mini on a year, and 
the company operated m Chica- 
go. New York and San Francisco. 

The crash of the stock market 
in 1929 and the boom in phono- 
graph sales cut into the piano-roll 
business. By the end of World 
War II annual roll sales had 
dropped to about one million and 
by the early 1930s, to 200,000 a 
year. In the 1960s, the company 
had a single factory, in the East 

One day Tick, a lawyer who 
had been interested in player pi- 
anos since be bought his first one 
in the 1940s, stopped by to see 
bow the roils were made. 

QRS*s owner. Max Kortlander, 

died in 1962, and Tick persuaded 
his widow to sell the company. 
Then he dedded to move QRS 
from the New York to Buffalo, 
his hometown. 

The other day. Martin bent 
over a mas ter sheet for the newly 
popular song “We Are the 
World," which he was arranging 
for the player piano. 

Holding a ruler with a minia- 
ture piano keyboard on it in one 
hand, he counted holes in the 
punched sheet with the other, as 
part of the editing process for the 
master roll. 

“1 see this as music patterns,” 
he said. “It’s all mathematics in a 

Most of the editing is still done 
by hand, but Martin has begun 

I click away without batting an 

Although QRS sells thousands 
erf old favorites. Tick also [ticks 
out whatever current popular 
songs he thinks player-piano 
owners will like, ana he has Mar- 
tin arrange them. 

“I would say we pretty much 
ride on the coattails of the record- 
ing industry," he said. “If a song 
does well and is the kind of music 
you can [day on a keyboard, well 
do it. Bui a lot of music doesn't 
come out on a keyboard. Who 
would think of putting Michael 
Jackson on a player?" 

Tide’s current concern is less 
musical tastes than the apparently 
imminent rWnw of the Aeolian 
Piano Corporation, whose Mem- 
phis plant is the largest producer 

meat of the factory, in a brick 
room 15 feet square, Jeff Depp, 
the chief and only member of 
QRS's research and development 
office, has treated an electronic 
player piano by inserting a player 
roll mechanism into a Japanese 
electronic piano. Tick hopes to 
sell electronic player pianos to . 
stimulate the sale of rolls. 

“We want to keep it afford; 
able,” he said. Tm almost pre- 
pared to sell them at cost." He 
estimates he could sell his new 
piano for $1,300 to $2,000. 

Last year, QRS sold about 
320,000 rolls, leading the indus- 
try. Tick said. Only two other 
com panies produce player-piano 
rolls, both in California. “I fed a 
lot of confidence about this par- 
ticular thing we're in,” Tick said. 
“It’s a funny, stupid little busi- 
ness, isn't rtf' 

Dario Durfcte. former superinten- 
dent of Rome's National Gdleryof 
Modem Art, who resigned wb« 
p ranks ters claimed they fabricated 
three marNe heads that he had 
identified as lost works by Amedeo 
MorEgfianu has been ordered rem- 
statedmhis job by a special tribu- 
nal. Durbe was one of the expert^ 
who declared the pieces fisher 
f rom a canal in Livorno last sum- 
mer to be works of Modigliani who 
died in 1920, after a life of disease, 
poverty and neglect by his contem- 
poraries “Tom Sawyer and 

the Farce.” mi«ing for 45 years 
conrideredthe key work of 
Norman RockwdTs series of 16 
Mark Twain paintings, has been 
found. The 1936 painting, lost 
when it was mistakenly sold four 
years- laier while on a traveling 
Rockwell art show, was be- 
queathed to the William A. Farns- 
worth Art Museum in Rockport 
Maine, by the estate erf CEffor* 
Smith, of Rockport, museum offi- 
cials said Wednesday. Rockwell 
was commissioned by the Heritage 
Press to ffluarate the “Adventures 
of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain, 
and the picture of young Tom 
whitewashing a fence, the most 
prominent of the senes* was fear 
mured on the book's cover. In 1940, 
Rockwell added eight pa in ti ng s to 
iHastrare an edition of “Huckleber- 
ry Finn.” The other 15 of the 16 
paintings are displayed at the Mark 
Twain Memorial in Hannibal, Mis- 
souri. r . . Authorities in Coltowa 
California, have recovered 
pamfipg c by the Spanish artist Sal- 
vador Dafi and arrested a man for 
receiving the stolen artworks. The 
p ainting s were stolen in July 1984 
from the Signature of Fine Art Gal- 
lery in Newport Beach. They were 
found in the home owned by Wil- 
liam Hendrfnos, 22, who was 
booked at- the Riverside County 
Jail cai suspicion of receiving stolen 
property, a police spokeswoman 
said Wednesday. 

Nathan MBstdn was presented 
with a take hairing 80 candles on 
stage at- the Pleyei concert hall X 
Pans Wednesday night to celebrate 
the American vibfimst's 80th birth- 
day. He wgg vmgagak concert in 

operation, playing the Brahms 
Concerto with the Orchestic de, 
Paris conducted by Dadd Baren- 


to the 





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