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The Global Newspaper 
Edited in Paris 
Printed Simultaneously 
in Paris. London. Zori 
Hong Kong. Singapoac,- ^ 
The Hague and Marsel* 


INTERNATIONAL 



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No. 31,807 


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Paris, London, Bonn Retreating 
From Foreign Policy Initiatives 


ZURICH, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


ESTABLISHED 1887 


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By Willi am Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 

BONN — The leaders of Trance, 
Britain and West Germany are be- 
coming increasingly preoccupied 
with domestic challenges to their 
governments, s development that 
political analysts believe may por- 
tend a slackening of European in- 
floence in international auaire.^ 

• -'ru. Faced with mounting 'political 

. ..... and economic troubles in a period 
■ .... . “ : pleading up to dectkms, President 
... .7 } i Francois Mitterrand, Prime Mmis- 
■ w ■ •. : • . ' tj:; ; ter Margaret Thatcher and Chanr 
•% ! x cdlor Helmut Kohl are expected to 
-■ . ' r - • 5 ; : devote more attention to their m- 

ternal difficulties and less to pursu- 




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generally cany, 
voters. 

The extraordinary link between 
the French Srmiwlist president and 
(he British and West Gen tian con- 
servative leaders has been most 
pronounced in East-West and secu- 
i rity issues. Their harmony of views 
i.:v on these issues contributed to the 
~~ f successful deployment of new un- 
clear missiles in Western Europe 
despite intense opposition from the 
Soviet Union and anti-nuclear ac- 
tivists. 

Last year, while Moscow and 
Washington virtually froze con- 
tacts after the collapse of arms con- 
trol talks, the Pans-Landoh-Bonn 
triangle led the European diplo- 
matic campaign to perpetuate a di- 
alogue between the two blocs and 
to encourage the two super p owe rs 
to return to the Geneva negotiating 
tabic. 

But now, as Moscow ami Wash- 


fill national lobbies scans bound to 
grow as the three leaders become 
increaandy . wesried about their 
vulnsrabmty in coming elections, 
beginning with the French parlia- 
mentary vote next spring. 

- Mr. Mitterrand’s party is expea- 

ed to lose its majority m the Na- 
tional Assembly tomore conserva- 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

rive forces, raising the prospect of a 
dash between a Socialist president 
and a rightist legislature. 

A anmTjir swin g A gains t the in- 
cumbents H a s place in Brit- 
ain and West Germany, where the 
ruling Conservative and Christian 
Democratic parties have suffered 
resounding defeats recently in local 
and state elections. 

This month, the British Conser- 
vatives lost control of nearly half 
the county gove rnmen ts in En- 
gland and Wales in which they pre- 
viously held majorities. National 
opinion surveys indicate that the 
Tories now trail both the Labor 
Party and the fledgling altianne of 
liberals and SodalDemocrats. 


Mrs. Thatcher's personal 
laxity has plunged from the heights 
she enjoyed from the time the Falk- 
lands War in 1982 through last 
March’s victory over striking coal 
miners, and many junior members 
in Parliament of her own party are 
discontented with her leadership. 

Mr. Kohl's governing capabili- 
ties have come under fire from fel- 
low Christian Democrats following 
their severe setback on May 12 in 
North Rhine- Westphalia, the 
country’s most populous stale. The 
Social Democrats won an absolute 
majority with more than 52 percent 
of the vote, and the Christian Dem- 
ocrats fell to less than 37 percent, 
their worst showing ever. 

Although his party still ranks 
ahead of the opposition Social 
Democrats in the pons, Mr. Kohl is 
facing growing pressure to display 
mare aggressive leadership in mak- 
ing unemployment the priority of 
the center-right ruling coalition in 
Bonn. 

Thus, the administration in 
Washington now confronts the 

(Continued on Page 11, CoL 1) 




U.S. Reports Progress 
With Soviet on Air Safely 


‘CE 1 I 15 


By Bernard Gwertzman 

' ' New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — The United 
State®, the Soviet Union and Japan 
have made “some progress" in ne- 
gotiations on air safety in the 


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r^; passe over space weapons and rm- gotiations on air safety 

j G ^able to decide about a summit northwest Pacific to avoid a repeti- 
.. --7 meeting, the major European allies turn of the downing of a South 

- are turning inward to deal with 

■ their .own problems rather than 

7' placing emphasis on the revival of 
driente. 

Such pa mriiialism appears Hlcriy 

to Mock early progress toward 

- changes in the European Gunmn- 
nity. Even an ardent pro-European 
such as Mr. Kohl has idt com- 
pelled in recent weeks to. hold up 
agreement on cereal prices because 
he fears a political backlash from 
German fanners who want higher 
subsidies. 

The tendency to appease power- 


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r 2 Ships Bum 
In Spain; 15 
Are Killed 

Compiled by Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

SAN ROQUE, Spain — At bast 
IS persons were killed Sunday 
when two cal tankers exploded and 
sank at this southern Spanish port 
near Gibraltar. Nineteen persons 
were missing and 34 were m imed, 
according to rescue officials. 

The 19, 070-ton Panamanian-reg- 
istered tanker Petragen-One ex- 
ploded as it was unloading naph- 
tha. Fire engulfed the vessel and 
spread to the 4-,222-ton Spanish 
tanker Camponavia, which was 
moored alongsde. 

The cause of the first explosion 
is not known. 

_ The dead included Spanish sea- 
men and dockers and Japanese and 
Korean sailors. 

Rescue officials said the final 
'death £ 

search the hriDs. 

The Petragca-One was owned by 
Wellis Ltd , of Panama and the 
nnish ship by the Spanish state 
distribution company. 

Port nffiriak gain that most Of 
the crew members were on board 
their ships at the time of the explo- 
sions. There were 29 crew manbos 
cm board the Petragen-One and 30 
Spaniards on the Camponavia. 

Officials feared that bodies re- 
mained inside both vessels. Those 

board stood almost no chance of 
^braving, they said. 

Seven Spanish dock workers 
whose jeep was hit by the shock 
wave of the blasts were among the 
dead. (AFP, Reuters) 


Korean airliner by a Soviet fighter 
in 1983, according to U.S. offiaals. 
■ The latest round of negotiations 
ended Friday in Moscow without 
an announcement, the officials 
said, in resjonsc to a Soviet request 
for as tittle publicity as posable. 
Unannounced rounds were hdd 
previously in Tokyo in February 
and in Washington in March. 

The talks are said by American 
officials and Soviet diplomats to 
have importance beyond air safety 
because they may affect a range of 
other Sovkt-American Issues. 

If agreement is reached on air 
safety, American officials said, the 
way may be apen tP negotiating a 
new cavil aViatian accord that 
would -restore Aeroflot landing 
rights. in the United States and al- 
low an American carrier to resume 
flights to Moscow. This in turn 
could lead to a cultural and scien- 
tific agreement and an exchange of 
consulates in Kiev and New York. 

These are the kind of agreements 
that could be announced at a meet- 
ing between President Ronald Rea- 
gan and Mikhail S. Gorbachev, the 
Soviet leader. Both have professed 
an interest in a meeting, but ' ‘ 
Reagan said again in remarks made 
public Saturday that no place or 
date had been set 

In written answers to questions 
submitted by the newspaper D 
Tempo of Rome, Mr. Reagan said: 

“If and when Mr. Gorbachev 
and I get together; which I hope 
will be soon, you can be sure, for 
tire American part, that it will be in 
the spirit of good wall, seriousness 
and a determination to explore 


whatever avenue may be open to- 
ward better understanding, re- 
duced tensions and peace. 

“Meetings do not hr and of 
themselves guarantee progress. It is 
the overall relationship between 
our countries that counts, and this 
relationship is not enhanced when 
expectations about any one meet- 
ing are too high.” 

There has been confusion about 
the status of the projected meeting. 
In an exchange of correspondence, 
Mr. Reagan invited the Soviet lead- 
er to come to Washington at a mu- 
tually agreeable dale. Mr. Gorba- 
chev responded affirmativ ely but 

without signifying a date or place. 
When Secretary of State George P. 
Shultz and Foreign Minister An- 
drei A Gromyko met in Vienna on 
May 14, thmr apparently did not 
discuss details of such a meeting. 

Soviet sources had said earlier 
that Mr. Gorbachev probably 
^amld go to New Yorirm the fall to 
mark the 40th amuversaxy of the 
United Nations, but more recently, 
Soviet diplomats here have said 
that he was untikdy to go to New 
York and that any meeting should 
be in a neutral country. 

An American official said a few 
days ago that the two sides were 
engaged in "gamesmanship'* with 
each waiting for the other to offer 
specific proposals. 

In the interview with D Tempo, 
Mr. Reagan said that he was not 



Shiites Massacre 
Palestinians, 
Reports Say 

Compiled bp Our Staff From Dopotehe a reported. Palestinia n were said to 
LONDON — Hundreds of peo- have been killed or taken away, and 
pie have been massacred in the last unconfirmed reports said some pa- 
week by Shiite militiamen fighting beats had been shot in ihrir rooms. 


UaAagsahdAM 

Fifty-eight cardinals, in foreground, attend the consecration of 28 new cardinals, in 
background, by the pope at a ceremony in St Peter’s Square. The pope is at center left. 

Amid Pageantry in St. Peter’s Square, 
Pope Elevates 28 to Rank of Cardmd 

By EJ. Dionne Jr. 

New York Tuna Service 


Palestinian guerrillas in Beirut, the 
British Broadcasting Carp, and 
The Sunday Tunes of London have 
reported. 

Witnesses said residents of two 
Palestinian refugee camps were be- 
ing shot indiscriminately and that 
grenades had been thrown 
the wounded at hospitals, the B 
reported Saturday. 

Leaders of the Amal militia have 
refused to allow independent ob- 
servers into the Chatila and Sabra 
camps, where hundreds of refugees 
were slaughtered by Christian mili- 
tiamen in 1981 

The Amal militia and other Shi- 
ite Moslem troops from the Leba- 
nese Army appeared to have taken 
control of those camps but were 
continuing to meet strong resis- 
tance ai another, Reuters reported. 

The death toll from the fighting, 
which began May 19, has nsen to 
abom 243, and more than 1,000 
people have been wounded, hospi- 
tal sources told Reuters. 

In Damascus, the Syrian-backed 
Palestine National Salvation 
Front, a coalition of radical Pales- 
tinian groups, appealed to Syria to 
stop “massacres and acts of exter- 
mination.'* Sources told Reuters 
that the Arab. League's secretary- 
general, Chadli Klim, was going to 
Beirut for talks on the fighting. 

Machine-gun fire and the sound 
of explosions still echoed from the 
Sabra and Chatila camps, but a 
Lebanese Army officer told Reu- 
ters that the Amal militia and the 
army’s 6 th Brigade were in control. 

About 40 Palestinians fighters 
were still inside, but “militarily it is 
finished for Sabra and Chatil*, " 
the officer said 


Hospitals that might have been 
expected to be full of wounded Pal- 
estinians were not and a check Sat- 
urday suggested that only a hand- 
ful of Palmmians were among the 
many hundreds of patients. 

(UP!, Reuters) 


In Lebanon, 
Syria’s Grip 
Is Tightened 
RyltsPmxies 

By John Kifner 

New York Tima Service 

NICOSIA — Diplomats and 
Lebanese sources say the latest 
bloodshed in Beirut appears to be 
part of an effort by Syria to impose 
its win on fractious Lebanon by 
proxy. 

“TTiis can be neatly categorized 
as a sweeping up of all the loose 
ends by Syria," said a Western dip- 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

lomai who is one of the few still 
based in anarchic. Moslem-domi- 
nated West BeiruL 

Another diplomat added. “What 
we are seeing is the iron grip of 
Syria by proxies.” 

The struggle for control of the 
three Palestinian refugee camps in 
and near Beirut and the last three 


Palesti n ian fighters appeared to weeks of constant shelling between 
i fierce resistance at the Christian and Moslem sectors 



A disagreement has emerged 
over bow the three-part negotia- 
tions are to be conducted. The So- 
viet side is tinkmg progress on stra- 
tegic and medium-range nuclear 
weapons to US. agreement to curb 
research on a new space-based mis- 
sfie defease system. The United 

(Coathmed on Page 2, CoL 5) 


ROME— J 
consecrated 28 cardinals of the Ro- 
man Catholic Church in an out- 
door ceremony grand in pageantry 
and resonant in tradition. 

From his throne in front of Sl 
P eter’s BasKca on Saturday, the 
65-year-old pope received the men. 
natives of 19 countries, one by one 
as they climbed the red-oupeted 
steps of the largest church in Chris- 
tendom and knelt before him. 

The pope bestowed his blessing 
and gave to each the two red sQk 
station in the 
the square- 
biretta. 

Among the 28 men consecrated 
on Saturday were the archbishops 
of same of the largest Roman Cath- 
olic dioceses in the world, including 
Cardinal John J. O’Connor of New 
York and Cardinal Bernard F. Law 
of Boston. 

Also consecrated was Cantimai 
Myrexdav Ivan Lnbaduvsky, the 
Rome-based leader of the Ukraini- 


an Catholic Church. An American 
citizen bom in the Ukraine, Cardi- 
^ll^jy c h h n 

four million Ukrainian Catholics 
inside the Soviet Union and the 
two million outside. 

While in Rome, Cardinal O’Con- 
nor has met with many Lebanese 
Chri s tia n leaders, and he spoke 
both Friday and Saturday of the 
plight of Christians in Lebanon. 

He said the pope was aware that 
he was “extremely concerned” 
about that situation and that it 
might be “requested that 1 go to 
Lebanon on behalf of the Holy 
See." 

He added, speaking of the Leba- 
nese situation. “From the religious 
perspective and from the perspec- 
tive of human rights, the violations 
are frightening 

Earlier, the pope told the prel- 
ates, who included leaders of pose- 
cu ted churches around the world, 
that “they must have no illusions 
about the way they will be re- 
ceived.” 


John Paul said, “They will often 
be made a sign of contradiction, 
even persecution.” 

“They must go to their brethren 
‘with the wisdom of serpents and 
the innocence of doves,’ ” he said, 
recalting the woffis of the Gospel of 
Sl Matthew, “and bring everyone 
the good news of salvation.” 

“Their mission win also lead 
them to confront those who kill the 
body” he said, “and in that con- 
frontation their life may be sacri- 
ficed.” But he told them not to be 
fearful, because “the Gospel mes- 
sage contains within itself a power 
that cannot be slopped.” 

Cardinal O’Connor said after- 
ward that the pope's words woe a 
reminder that Some of these cardi- 
nals live in daily danger, even daily 
danger of their Uvesrand that their 
churches often suffered “very se- 
vere oppression and suppression.” 

• Among those invested Saturday 
were Miguel Obando y Bravo, the 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 6 ) 


be patting qp 
the third camp, Barge Bangui. 
Amal militiamen said many women 
and children were inside. 

The Salvation Front said it had 
rqected a peace proposal, passed 
. on by Syria, under which the 6 th 
'Brigade would take over the camps. 
A front spokesman called on the 
Amal mfljcia to leave the camps 
and let the Red Cross evacuate tne 
wounded. 

Reporters have been banned 
from hospitals, but The Sundry 
Tunes of London and the BBC re- 
pented that a refrigerator truck 
parked outside the main hospital, 
in West BeiruL contained 55 male 
bodies in plastic bagSu 

Witnesses said many of the bod- 
ies had gunpowder burns on their 
heads, suggesting they had beat 
shot at poml-Wank range, both the 
Tunes and the BBC reported. 
Those reports also said that at least 
20 wounded patients, including 
women, were believed to have been 
taken out of the hospital and shoL 

Wounded Palestinians arriving 
at the American University Hospi- 
tal found Shiite militiamen at the 
entrance and moving freely around 
inside, both newspaper and radio 


of the capital are regarded here as 
evidence that “Hama rules” are in 
eflecL It is a term frequently in- 
voked in Lebanon as a byword for 
Syrian nxthlessncss. 

The Syrian rity of Hama was 
once the center of the Moslem 
Brotherhood, the underground 
Sunni Moslem opposition to the 
Syrian president, Hafez al-Assad, 
an Ala wile. In the early spring of 
1982, Mr. Assad’s government dis- 
posed of this political problem by 
leveling the city with tank and artil- 
lery fire at a cost of 20,000 lives. 
Hungs have been quiet there since. 

The situation in Lebanon 
abounds with ironies. One dement 
is that many of the factions battling 
there are. in effect under Syrian 
control 

The Sabra, Chatila and Borge 
Barajni refugee camps — perma- 
nent, concrete-block shantytowns 
— are surrounded by Shiite milhm- 
mot and their allies of the largely 
Shiite 6 th Brigade of the Lebanese 
Army. The attackers have been fir- 
ing tank rounds, artfllcnr shells and 
automatic rifle bullets, the defend- 
ers have been stubbornly holding 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 4) 


South Africa Divestment Challenged 

wn^One was owned bv L^ 

Targeted Companies Complain of Errors and Unfairness 


By Bill Sing 

Los Angela Tima Service 

LOS ANGELES — As the furor 
over apartheid in South Africa has 
grown in the United States, so have 
questions about how government, 
educational and private institu- 
tions target companies for divest- 
ment or other actions to protest 
business involvement there. 

At least 24 cities and seven states 
have required their public pension 
funds to either fully or partly divest 
stocks of c ompan ies with ties to 


South Africa, where segregation of 
the races is official policy. Some are 

ences < nm>ntract awarls^o compa- 
nies th at have no investments there. 

A growing number of universi- 
ties, private foundations and mutu- 
al funds also have joined the move- 
ment toward divestment or 
reducing capital spending or em- 
ployment there. 

Wc think the process is pretty 
arbitrary," said Wmiam D. Broder- 
ick, the Ford Motor Co.’s director 






r* 1 * 


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'Xml ** 

to 







INSIDE 

seelkm! nothing less than a breakthrough in the IWdciteEast peace 
process. • Pagel 

■ Budget proposals approved by the UJS. Senate and House would 

both M far short of limiting the deficit to S100 Ullion byl988, 
mdependeritarmlysts agree. Page 3- 

■ A Massachusetts regulation would prohibit the placement of 

foster children with homosexuals. Page 3. 

■ Tafts to end a strike of pOots against United Airlines of the 

United States collapsed. Page X 

■The Urited States protested to Sooth Africa over a raid into 

An gola ^ 


Seven alleged accom- 
plices of Mebmet Ali 
Agca go on trial today in 
Rome in the shooting of 
the pope. . Page 2. 


s state 
_ 5. 

aze bring studied 

Democrats, sane Of whom remember bring burned 
bfieans on the issue previously. ' Page 5. 

■ A umber of the Central Gonamttee of Poland's Communist 

Party has been. granted asylum in Denmark. Page 5. 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 

■ AnaerkuMoton will dose its tea U&assembty plant. Page 7 . 

■ Le^ Fro Aircraft’s venture to build an ulua-hghtweighi execu- 
tive jet in Northern Ireland collapsed. Page 7. 


of international governmental af- 
fairs. 

He and other business represen- 
tatives complain that some so- 
called divestment lists include com- 
panies with smaller inves tments in 
South Africa than other unlisted 
companies, or that these lists un- 
fairly include firms with strong re- 
cords of aiding South African 
blacks. 

There are other ambiguities. 
About 300 UJS. companies are 
typically targets for divestment be- 
cause they mow up on widely cir- 
culated fins as having employees in 
South Africa. Bat thonamik of 
companies with substantial com- 
mercial trade involvement with the 
country escape detection because 
the Hsts do not identify 
without a physical presence 

Some companies are mi stal l 
placed on divestment lists all 
they in fact are not in South Africa, 
while others with ties to the nation 
escape scrutiny because they do not 
repeat their activities thae. Com- 
panies also have supplied incorrect 

or incomplete information about 
their South African activities, pen- 
sion fund officials complain. 

This effort to challenge apart- 
heid is accompanied by growing 
movements in Congress place 
economic sanctions against Pre- 
toria and by demonstrations na- 
tionwide. 

Last week, the chairman of the 
Senate Foreign Relations Commit- 
tee, Richard G. Uigur. Republican 
of Indiana, announced that he was 
“ready in rarKarW * nmnflriia tp eco- 
nomic sanctions a geing South Af- 
rica. 

Liberal legislators had previous- 
ly agreed to introduce identical 
* hiTk m the House an d &>na»> that 

(Continued on Page 11, CoL 6 ) 



AP/I9BI 

Jaber al-Ahraed al-Sabah 


A car in the emu's motorcade after the blast 


BMin 


Emir of Kuwait Escapes Assassination Try 


By Christopher Dickey 

Washington Pm Service 

BAGHDAD —The emir of Ku- 
wait narrowly escaped assassina- 
tion Saturday as a suicide bomber 
drove a car into his motorcade. 

Two of the emu's bodyguards, a 
passerby and the driver of the at- 
tacking car were killed. At least 12 
persons were reported injured. 

The attack apparently was 
linked to efforts by Islamic extrem- 
ists to Trace the release of 17 pris- 
oners hdd by tire Kuwaiti govern- 
ment. 

The emir, Sheikh Jaber al-Ah- 
med al-Sabah, 59, was reported by 
Radio Kuwait to have sustained 
only minor cuts from flying glass 


and was released from the hospital 
after four hours. 

The assassination attempt took 
place along tire Kuwait Qfy water- 
front at 9:15 AM. The ext remis t 
group calling itself Islamic Jihad 
claimed responsibility. 

It was unclear whether tire stri- 
ckle vehicle was in the motorcade 
at the time of the blast Bystanders 
were quoted as saying that it had 
sped out of a nearby gacnling sta- 
tion, crashed into the motorcade 
near the emir’s limousine and ex- 
ploded. 

Telep h one calls to news agencies 
in Beirut brought repeated de- 
mands for release of the prisoners 
held in Kuwait fra a series of 


bombings therein December 1983, 
including attacks rat the French 
and ILK embassies, in which six 
persons were killed and more than 
80 were injured. 

“We once more demand the re- 
lease of the detainees,” a caller told 
Reuters. “Otherwise all the thrones 
in the Guff will be shaken.” 

“We hope his royal highness has 
received the message,” the caller 
said, adding: “An Islamic revolu- 
tion until victory," 

Persons making similar anony- 
mous calls last week warned that 
failure to release t be Kuwaiti pris- 
oners would have “catastrophic” 
consequences for four American 
and two French hostages kidnaped 


in Lebanon in the past two years. 
Kuwait has rejected the demwn/t^ 
[Two more Frenchmen were kid- 
napped by unidentified gunmen 
last week on the mam highway to 
Beirut International Airport in the 
dry’s southern suburbs, The Asso- 
ciated Press quoted the police as 
saying Sunday in BeiruL The ana 
is dominated by Shiite Moslems. 

[The police said that the French 
Embassy in Beirut had informed 

Lebanese security agencies that the 

two, identified as Michel Seurat a 
researcher, and Jean-Paul KauiT- 
^ a journalist disappeared on 

Kuwait dosed the country's bor- 
( Co ntinued on Page 2 , COL 1 ) 


t * ’ . 




Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


^ Trial Opening of 7 linked by Agca to Shooting Pope 

_ . «,h rt later said he was an Embassy in Rome when the Bekir Cdenk. a suspected Tu: 


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The Aisoaulcd Press 

ROME — A poii lically explosive 
trial opens Monday for seven men 
accused by a Turkish terrorist of 
being part of a Bulgarian-led plot 
to kill Pope John Paul II four years 
ago. 

The proceedings against three 
Bulgarians and four Turks will test 


Mr Agca. who later said he was an Embassy 
sony for the shooting, will be the popewasshOLis accused 


suspected Turkish 
gon and drug smuggler, who is 


The trial is expected to last nine _ 

months, and Italian magistrates will panying the two gunmen to St. Fe- charged widT offering 3 million 

said the court may temporanly P , . ^ a being ^/square and planning the at- Deutsche marks <S1J2 mfliion) to 

transfer to Bulgaria to hear lesti- be a _ defendant as weu. ™ u mnoinofnr* tnvl Mr Aon Mr MSIr mnI Mr. Cfr 

raony from three of the defendants 
living there. 


Bulgarian authorities, speaking 
unofficially, said the Communist 
government would probably be 


tried for illegally importing the tack as well as arranging for a truck Mr. Ago, Mr. Cdik and Mr. Ce- 
9mm Browning pistol be used in to help them escape. for the assasmation. Mr.Ce- 

SdiootinT^ Colonel Vasilev, who had the ^ ““^costody m Bulggra, 

The only Bulgarian defendant rank of nugor when he was isecre- which has refused to 

tiS^I^novAn- taiy to the Bulgarian Embassy’s Also tmssrn g will be the alleged 
present will be Sffgfl ^Bjaiy attach^ m Rome, also is second gunman, Mr. Cdik. Thein- 


Bulgartans ana lour iuncswuiiesi „ Tiatian hwwuv Rnm^risnutv station military anacne m iujiqc, aiso a seconu gunman, xvu. ^cun.. iucui- 

stateraents by Mebmct Ali Agca ^^SRSSSSiSLt ^S^T^Snst^air- acarat of Mta jshooting dfemrataid ihe fircdtbt jthM. tf 
that he was not a lone assassin, that Summon practice. and being mvdved with the escape. tbrcebunets that jut John iPanL Mr. 

the scheme was plann«l m Bulgaria ^ LvwLnr’s case. baSon a Noy 33 , 1982, he is Two TuAs in Italian custody are Cdik has smee disappeared 


Attak* 

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Mm 

itodcMim 

itmbanrv 

/enKfl 

/i*nna 

9IWW 

Sorlcii 

MIDDLE 


and that a suspected Turkish mob- 
ster offered the equivalent of Si.2 
million for the death of the Polish- 
bom pontiff. 

The outcome of the trial could 
affect East-West relations because 
of allegations that Bulgaria, possi- 
bly with Soviet support master- 
minded the shooting to stop John 
Paul's support for Polands Soli- 
darity independent trade union. 

Bulgaria and the Soviet Union 
insist that they had no connection 
to the May 13. 1981. shooting in Sl 
P eter's Square and have accused 
the West of bunching a “dirty 
wave of slander against Socialist 
countries." 


it was a fairly common practice. 

The prosecutor’s case, based on a 
1 ,200-page indictment, rests largely 
on the sometimes contradictory 
testimony of Mr. Agca. 

Mr. Agca, who was seized m SL 
Peters Square, fust insisted that he 
acted alone. He was tried and sen- 
tenced to life in prison for shooting 
and wounding the pope and two 
American women. 

But after a year in prison, Mr. 
Agca, 27, gradually began to 
rhang ^ his testimony. He revealed 
such convincing minute details 
about his alleged co-conspirators 
that Judge Dario Martdla indicted 
the seven men last October for 
what he called an ‘international 
plot" to kill the pope. 


of helping plan the attack 
and then being armed when he 
drove Mr. Agca and a second Turk- 
ish gunman. Oral Cdik, to St Pe- 
ter’s Square. His attorney said he 
has witnesses to prove that Mr. 
Antonov was in his office at the 
time. 

of 31 health, Mr. An- 
tonov, 36, was allowed to leave 
prison for house arrest. 

The other two Bulgarians, Todor 
S Aivazov, and Lieutenant Colonel 
Zhdio K. Vasilev, left Italy in 1982. 

Mr. Aivazov, who was the ad- 
ministrative officer at the Bulgari- 


also charged in the case. 

OmerBagciis 


Meanwhile, Dutch police 1 arrest- 
ed a man of Turkish origin who 

entered the Netherlands during the 

whileMusa Serdar Celebi allegedly pope's visit with a 9mm pistol that 
helped plan the attack and was to may be linked to the assassination 
receive part of the payment attempt, according to a law en- 
Missmg from the trial wffl be forcemem official in Roennond. 



WORLD BRIEFS 


Sergei Ivanov Antonov 


Kuwaiti Emir Escapes Assassination 


(Continued from Page l) 
ders to foreigners in what was 
called a temporary security mea- 
sure as an intensive hunt began for 
possible accomplices in the assassi- 
nation attempt, Reuters reported. 
The borders were reopened on Sun- 
day. 

In an earlier statement, Kuwait's 
crown prince, Sheikh Saad al-Abd- 
uDah al-Salem al-Sabah, said that 
the government would “not submit 
to threats or blackmail." 

[With bruises and treated cuts 
viable on his face. Sheikh Sabah 
went on radio and television four 
hours after the explosion and told 
his 1.6 million subjects that he was 
unhar med. The Associated Press 
reported from Kuwait. 

p*l wish to assure you, citizens, 
that 1 am in good health," the emir 
sai d in a firm voice. 

Bulgarian Leader Is in Japan 

Fnmce-Prtne 

TOKYO — The Bulgarian lead- 
er. Todor Zhivkov, arrived here 
Sunday for a five-day visit during 
which he will attend his country's 
national day celebrations Tuesday 
at the Tsukuba science exposition. 
Mr. Zhivkov is expected to meet 
with Prime Minister Yasuhiro Na- 
kasone and Foreign Minister Shin- 
taro Abe. 


■[“The incidents to which we are 
subjected will not distract us from 
proceeding on with our policy of 
cultivating prosperity for this na- 
tion. Arab and Islamic peoples," he 
said] 

The demands of the anonymous 
callers in Beirut appear to tie Satur- 
day’s bombing in Kuwait to a com- 
plex underground of Shiite funda- 
mentalists who are best known for 
their Lebanese factions but who _ „ 

also represent a significant political years Iran has thrown everything at 
dement in the Iran- Iraq war. us and we have withstood it." But 
Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the Iraq's weaker allies are “shaking in 


It was Iranian backing for such 
groups in Iraq that led to the cur- 
rent war, Iraqi officials insist. 

A senior member of the Iraqi 
government said Saturday that al- 
Dawa has been suppressed in Iraq. 
There have been many reported ex- 
ecutions. 

“We have dealt with it rather 
severely," he said, adding later: 
“Iraq is probably the safest country 
in the region. Fra 1 four and a half 


other, smaller states along the Gulf 
that support Iraq are considered by 
diplomats to be vulnerable targets 
for direct attack or internal subver- 
sion by Iran in the protracted con- 
flict The possibility of a widened 
war drasticdly affecting world oil 
supplies is a constant concern of 
the United States, which has been 
ac cu sed of tilling toward Iraq in 
the past three years despite official 
neutrality. 

The 17 prisoners in Kuwait have 
become central figures in the situa- 
tion. They reportedly are members 
of the Shiite group known as al- 
Dawa. or The Call which advo- 


ihrir boots," he said 

The Iraqi official, who asked that 
his name not be pnblislied cited 
several apparently related inci- 
dents: the Kuwait bombings in 
1983, the hijacking of a Kuwaiti 
airliner to Iran last December that 
ended only after two Americans on 
board was killed mid two others 
were beaten in an effort to force the 
release of the prisoners in Kuwaiti 
a mysterious bombing in Saudi 
Arabia earlier this month and the 
attempted assassination Saturday 
in Kuwaiti 

Islamic Jihad issued a “final 


warning” last month showing pbo- 

cateslhe replacement of President tographs of six Western hostages it 
Saddam Hussein’s secular rule in ■ holds in Lebanon and offering to 
Iraq with an Iranian-style, Suite- free them in exchange for the 17 
dominated theocracy. prisoners in Kuwaiti 


Hussein Sees 'last Chance’ for Peace 

Jordanian King Seeks Mideast Breakthrough in U.S, Visit 


By Julian Nundy 

International Herald Tnhune 

CAIRO — King Hussein of Jor- 
dan meets with President Ronald 
Reagan this week, seeking nothing 
less than a breakthrough in the 
Middle East peace process. 

The king has called his mission a 
“last chance" fra the region. 

When he sees Mr. Reagan on 
Wednesday at the White House, 
King Hussein will try to persuade 
the president to allow U.S. officials 



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to deal with Palestinian representa- 
tives as a first step toward peace 
talks. 

But if he fails, officials in Am- 
man said. King Hussein believes 
that the Middle East will fall victim 
to rarficalizaiion, bringing an up- 
surge tn terrorism ana defeat for 
moderate Arab polides. 

The Hussein initiative is based 
on the accord that Jordan signed 
Feb. 1 1 with Yasser Arafat, chair- 
man of the Palestine Liberation Or- 
ganization- Its nuyra innovation 
was to provide for the creation of a 
joint Jradanian-Palestinian team to 
negotiate at peace talks. 

The accord was drawn up in re- 
sponse to Mr. Reagan’s call in Sep- 
tember 1982 for talks leading to 
P alestinian self-determination in 
association with Jordan, whose 
population of 16 million is nearly 
two-thirds Palestinian. 


propitious than at any other time in 
the 1980s. 

But they warned that, at best, 
progress would be slow. They said 
that the basic problems remained 
as Israel weighed the consequences 
of meeting Arab demands fra the 
return of territory to the Palestin- 
ians — the occupied West Bank 
and Gaza — in return for peace. 

They agree, however, that atti- 
tudes may have changed. 

“The whole history of the Mid- 
dle East suggests that the Hussein 
mission should go nowhere," a 
Cairo-based West European diplo- 
mat said. “But you can argue that it 
has a better dunce than before." 

Some analysts stressed that the 
very fact that Mr. Arafat has for- 
mally agreed to pursue a diplomat- 
ic course was evidence of a new 
willingness to strive fra peace. 

The Jordanians have not ex- 


In conversations in Amman and plained the agreement very well to 
dais the outside world,” said Judith 


Cairo this month. Arab officials 
and foreign analysts agreed that the 
atmosphere for peace was more 


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MONDAY, 
WEDNESDAY 
& FRIDAY 


The 28 New Cardinals 


Return 

The following are the Roman 
Catholic prelates elevated to car- 
dinals on Saturday by Pope John 

Paul If: 

Luigi Dadagho (Italian), a 
Vatican official in duage of 
nondoctrinal matters pertain- 
ingto absolutions. 

Simon Lourdusamy (Indian), 
archbishop emeritus of Banga- 
lore, India, secretary of the 
Congregation for the Evangeli- 
zation of Peoples. 

Francis Axinze (Nigerian), 
pro-president of the Secretariat 
for non-Christians. 

Juan Francisco Fresno Lar- 
rain (Chilean), archbishop of 
Santiago. 

Antonio Innocent! (Italian), 
apostolic nuncio in Spain. 

Miguel Obando y Bravo 
(Nicaraguan), archbishop of 
Managua. 

Augustin Mayer (German), 
pro-prefect of the Congregation 
for Sacraments and Divine 
Worship. 

Angel Suquia Goicoechea 
(Spanish), archbishop of Ma- 
drid. 

Jean J&rtme Hamer (Bel- 
gian), pro-prefect of the Con- 
gregation for Religious and Sec- 
ular Institutes. 

Ricardo Vidal (Filipino), 
archbishop of Cebu. Philip- 
pines. 

Henryk Gulbinowicz (Po- 
lish). archbishop of Wroclaw, 
Poland. 

Paulos Tzadua (Ethiopian), 
archbishop of Addis Ababa, 
Ethiopia. 

Jozef Tomko (Czechoslovak). 


for the Evangelization of Peo- 
ples. 

Myroslav Ivan Lubadbivsky 
(Ukrainian-born), major-arch- 
bishop of Ukrainian Catholics. 

Andrzej Maria Deskur (Po- 
lish), preadenl-emcritus of the 
Pontifical Commission on So- 
cial Commumcatioas; 

Paul Poupard (French), pro- 
president of the Secretariat for 
Nonbelievers. 

Louis- Albert Vachon (Cana- 
dian), archbishop of Quebec 

Albert Decourtray (French), 
archbishop of Lyon. 

Rosalio Jos6 Castillo Lara 

(Venezuelan), pro-president of 
the Pontifical Commission for 
the Authentic Interpretation of 
the Code of Canon Law. 

Friedrich Wetter (German), 
archbishop of Mnoich and 
Freising, West Germany. 

Silvano Piovandli (Italian), 
archbishop or Florence 

Adrian us J. Simnnis (Dutch), 
archbishop of Utrecht, the 
Nether lands. 

Edouard Gagnon (Canadi- 
an), pro-president of the Pontif- 
ical Commission fra the Fam- 
ily. 

Alfons Stickler (Austrian), 
chief Vatican librarian and ar- 
chivist. 

Bernard F. Law (American), 
archbishop of Boston. 

John J. O’Connor (Ameri- 
can), archbishop of New York. 

Giacomo Biffi (Italian), arch- 
bishop of Bologna. 

Pietro Pa van (Italian), a soci- 
ologist. 


Investiture 
Of Cardinals 

(Continued from Page 1) 

archbishop of Managua, and Pau- 
los Tzadua, the archbishop of Ad- 
dis Ababa, Ethiopia. Both have 
confronted their Marxist govern- 
ments. 


Dutch Court 

«j°“ : “SSSJ bb tok at work Samnlav and nwUOUKS 

wore operating normally. ^ barred b\ U* from sinking. 

The Controllers, who ng 10 .000 passengers and causing 

reported sick cn masse Friday., strawung • w. <J elhcrUwA ^ 

the cancellation and restaurant owners tour opera* M 

from work. 

I IN Panel Plans Lawsuit Over Namibia 

UiN rail __ ___ _ A Jjnjtcd Nations council plans to file 

UNITED NATIONS^TYT) w block the tmauthweed 

^ « South-West Africa. *> know, as 

authority for the KmKJO processing of wbal it says is Namibian 
“S^Caa'LSSompany by th. 

Dutch government. decade of investigation and is a new tactic ^ . 

T * Africa does not 
SEw. the council has mostiyi med to 
SfejSSalVoi. in Namibia and to turn mtmmtmH 
opinion against South Africa. 


S^iSSSiSSSE Bangladesh Fears 10,000 Swept Away 


SX Santiago, has often criticized 
his country’s rightist military rul- 


ers. 


that JQJJOO 
over the aland 


The .Associated Pms 

DHAKA. Bangladesh — Officials said Sunday it ; 
persons had been swept into the sea as tidal waves * 

were rqprated. Hw said that there have bran 1.464 deaths conTmnoi on 
the islands and in tfre coastal arras of southern, 
by a 
T1 
sunn 
rescued. 


The group also included two car- 
dinals from the pope’s native Po- 
land, amrmg them one of John 
Paul’s oldest friends, Andrzej Ma- 
ria Deskur an official of the Ro- 

which the pope ^^^T^^ThipVhchc^tcr, ^ 

! ... . survivors from the Bay of Bengal. Only a family of four has been rcpcrad 




governs the 

The new cardinals bring the total 
membership of the College of Car- 
dinals to 152, with 120 under the 
age of 80 and thus eligible to vote 

for the next pope. With the latest ^ ^ . n i • 

group. John Paul has appointed 60 Clarifies Stand Oil JLWUlKlHTieS 

members of the college. 


j*ii" November of 1970. a humcanc and tidal waves killed JQQJJQO 
people. 


The ceremony, before a crowd of 
about 20,000, was one or the most 
important in the life of the church. 

For many in the select group 
Saturday, it marked the culmina- 
tion of decades of service to the 
church and its 800 million mem- 
bers. For others, elevation will 
mean even greater influence over 
the affairs of the church and of 
their own countries. 

The ceremony is known as a con- 



Iraqis Bomb Tehran 
Other Iranian Gties 


Kipper of the Washington-based 
American Enterprise Institute. 
"But the fact is that Arafat's com- 
mitment to follow a political course 
is very important.” 

Fra Abdel Halim Badawi, assis- 
tant to the Egyptian foreign minis- 
ter and head of a delegation to 
recent ian« with Israeli officials, 
there is a fresh 
in the Middle East. 

“There is an aura of sobriety in 
the area," he said. “That in itself is 
healthy." 

King Hussein’s sense of urgency 
stems in pan from a belief that 
Prime Minister Shimon Peres of 
Israel is amenable to making con- 
cessions to get negotiations mov- 
ing. Mr. Peres is due to hand over 
his post next year to Yitzhak Sha- 
mir of the hard-line Likud bloc 
under the terms of a pact between 
the two parliamentary groups. 

The problem of U. 
with Palestinians is complex. 
1975, Henry A. Kissinger, then sec- 
retary of state, promised Israel that 
Washington would never talk to 
the PLO until it renounced terror- 
ism and recognized Israel's right to 
exist. 

The year before, Arab League 
heads of slate had recognized the 
PLO as the sole legitimate repre- 
sentative of the Palestinian people. 
The PLO refused to recognize Isra- 
el’s right to exist explicitly, but inti- 
mates that it would do so if sub- 
stantive progress were made 
toward peace. 

To overcome U.S. reluctance, 
one suggestion raised during a trip 
by Secretary of State George P. 
Shultz to the Middle East in mid- 
May was that Palestinian negotia- 
tors could come from the Palestine 
National Council, the Palestinian 
pariiament-in-exile. While some 
council members belong to PLO 
institutions, others are indepen- 
dents with no PLO affiliation. 

Likud members of the Israeli 
cabinet have rejected the concept 
of talking to council members, but 
Labor ministers have left the door 
ajar. 

The essence of the problem is 
: that the United States is unlikely to 
| deal with Palestinians of whom Is- 


Caoura pr«u 


King Hussein 

rad does not approve. At the same 
time, it would be meaningless to 
talk to Pales tinians who do not 
have Mr. Arafat's backing. 

Some officials feel that percep- 
tions may be chanring in the Unit- 
ed States and that Washington may 
be ready to make concessions. 

“There is a beginning of under- 
standing among the U.S. higher 
echelons of the underiying poten- 
tial dangier to their interests of the 
no war-no peace situation," said 
Adnan Abu Oddi, a senior adviser 
to King Hussein and a former cabi- 
net minister. 

Some Western diplomats believe 
that the ratdictions erf increased 
violence if there is no progress are 
exaggerated. 

“Arafat might move closer to 
Syria and there’ll probably be a 
little more violence, one said. “But 
people in this area are used to stale- 
mate. They’ve seen it all before." 

Jordanian and Egyptian officials 
agree that an overall solution can- 
not be found wi thorn Syria, which 
destroyed the 1983 Lebanese-Is- 
raeti accord on an Israeli troop 
withdrawal because it had not been 
involved. 

“Not only can Syria sabotage an 
agreement" an Egyptian Foreign 
Ministry official said, “but it wfll 
do so." 

In consequence, the official Jor- 
danian- PLO position is that ex- 
ploratory talks with the Americans 
should lead to an international 
conference under the auspices of 
the United Nations Security Coun- 
cil, a position that coincides with 
Syria’s publicly stated view. 

Israel and the United States have 
rejected this proposal, although an- 
alysts believe mat this rejection 
may be negotiable. 

For the moment, the crucial de- 
ment is the U.S. attitude to King 
Hussein’s lobbying. 


By Christopher Dickey 

Washington Post Senior 

BAGHDAD — Iraq launched 
an air offensive against Iranian cit- 
ies on Sunday in what officials here 
described as a “very big and very 
serious” push to force Iran into 
peace talks. 

In three attacks before dawn, 
Iraqi jet fighters bombed targets 
described by information Minister 
Latif Naseef al-Jasim as “the head- 
quarters of the rulers” in Tehran. 
Iraq also attacked the Iranian city 
of Ham, claimin g hits on “selected 
targets.” 

Mr. Jasim said that attacks 
would be stepped up a gainst ship- 
ping in the Gulf. 

[Iraq said Sunday that it had 
fired long-range missiles into the 
I ranian a ties of Bakhtaran and Is- 
lamabad-e-Gharb, and that its war- 
planes had struck three other towns 
and three military bases, Reuters 
reported from Manama, Bahrain. 

(Tran said its fighter- bombers at- 
tacked the Iraqi town of al-A- 
marah, on the highway from Bagh- 
dad to southern Iraq, m retaliation. 


DUSSELDORF (Reuters) — Interior Minister Fnedrich Zimmer- 
mann said Sunday that West Germany's with E«t 

countries in the 1970s did not mean that Bonn had reoognued thor 

post-World War 1 1 boundaries. . . 

Mr Zimmermann said that ratification of present Last European 
frontiers would have to await the signing of a peace treaty among the roar 
former occupying powers - the United States, the Soviet Union, Bniam 
and France and a reunited Germany. He was addressing a rtHy rf 
former inhabitants of East Prussia, which was ceded to the Soviet Union M 

after the war. _ . . . 

Mr. Zimmermann stressed that West Germany wanted to nmntan 

. .... j good relations with Eastern Europe and, in particular, respected the wish 

sistorv. It was in two parts, the 0 f Polish people to live within secure boundaries. Bonn and Warsaw 
public ceremony in St. Peter's ^gned a treaty in 1970 stating that the existing boundary between East 
Square and the secret consistory, a Germany and Poland was the western frontier of Poland. 

dosed ceremony that dates back to 

the 12th century. The word consis- _ - t - T 

S Moscow Sees No Arms Reduction Now 

MOSCOW (AP) — The Soviet Union, looking to the resumption of 
arms talks in Geneva this week, warned Sunday that there would not be 
“any reduction whatsoever" of Soviet mis siles while the United States 
continues research on space weapons. 

In an editorial to be published Monday and distributed m advance by 
the Tass news agrnev. the Communist Party newspaper Pravda accused 
the While House of trying to sabotage the talks, which arc mired in the 
agenda-setting phase. • - „M 

“By refusing to stop its programs of developing attack space arms, t 
P ravda said, “the United States puts in question the very jossilaUty ofa 
limitation, and more so a reduction, of midear arsenals. It continued: 
“The United States cannot count on any reduction whatsoever by the 
Soviet Union of its return-strike nuclear arms while Washington s 


officials. 


Iran said at least sit persons had 
died in the Tehran raid.) 


In early April the two countries j^^ ( ^g|j S p ro g ramo f jneasures to ‘render impotent’ Soviet arms in the 


waged what was known as 
of the dues.” with Iraq bombing 
and Iran apparently using Soviet- 
made 1960s- vintage rockets to at- 
tack Baghdad. That ended after 
United Nations mediation efforts. 

In the new Iraqi offensive, Mr. 
Jasim said no land attacks were 
planned unless “we are forced to do 
that." Instead. Iraq is relying on air 
superiority. 

Mr. Jasim, other Iraqi officials 
and a statement by the Revolution- 
art Command Council under Pres- 
ident Saddam Hussein dte several 
objectives in the current offensive: 

• Iraq aims to force the Iranians 
into negotiations to end the 56- 
month war that has cost tens of 
thousands of lives on both sides. 

• Iraq's officials say they expect 
the air offensive to stimulate inter- 
nal opposition in Iran to the regime 
of Ayatollah Ruhollah KhomemL 

• The air attacks are portrayed 
as retaliation for Iranian-support- 
ed terrorism, specifically the at- 
tempted assassination of the emir 
of neighboring Kuwait on Satur- 
day. 


hope of acquiring the ability to cany out aggression wuh impunity. 

The editorial appeared to be part of a Soviet effort to put presaae oo 
Washington to make concessions in Geneva and to portray the Reagan 
administration as being responsible for the slow pace of the talks. 

For the Record 

Hie death toB in an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease has reached 39 
with the deaths of two elderly men, health offiduls said in Stafford. 
England (Ream) 

Wily Branch, Ac fanner West German chancellor, arrived in Moscow 
on Sunday for talks with Mikhail S. Gorbachev and other Kremlin 
officials. (Reuters) 

Eleven campers were kffled and six were injured Sunday when a 
landslide at a campground in BL Cyr, France, caused a concrete wall to 
collapse, burying several caravans and tents, the police said (AP) 
Robert A. Rowland director of the Occupational Safety and Health 
Administration, announced Friday would resign July !. ( AP) 

Kansk separatists agreed SuDday to participate in August elections for a 
a New Caledonian congress, the first stage of a French government plan ” 
to lead the territory towards independence. (Reuters) 

Tiro leaders of the opposition in Bangladesh, Hasina Wajed and Begum 
Khali da Zia, were freed from bouse arrest Sunday after a promise? by 
President Hossain Mohammad Ershad that he would revive political 
activity. (Reuters) 

Five men convicted of plotting to topple the government of Jerry J. 
Rawlings in Ghana were executed Saturday, the government announced, 
raising to eight the number of executions m 24 hours. (AP) 


In Lebanon, Syria’s Grip Is Tightened by Its Proxies 


(Continued from Page 1) 

out from the rubble, with the 
wounded bleeding to death as Red 
Cross ambulances are kept away. 

Perhaps the biggest irony is that 
the divisions in Lebanon, and in 
the Arab world at large, are so 
bitter that even a protagonist as 
ruthless as Syria has difficulty fully 
imposing its wSL Thus, the assault 
on the Palestinian camps, whidi is 
believed by diplomats and Leba- 
nese analysts to have been largely 
instigated by Syria, was directed 
against Yasser Arafat, the Palestine 

Liberation Organization chairman, 
wnH his mainstream PLO adher- 
ents. 

But within 24 hours, Mr. Ara- 
fat’s rivals among the Palestinians, 
the Syrian-dominated factions led 
by Abu Musa, had joined forces 
vwth the Palestinians m the camp in 
a broad front to hold off the Amal 
forces in fierce fighting. 

The Druze forces of Walid 
Jumblat, nominal allies of Amal in 


West Bdrul and partners in the 
alliance sponsored by Syria, 
blocked Shiite reinforcements from 
moving up from southern Leba- 
non.' They permitted the Syrian- 
backed Palestinian factions to use 
Druze-controlled positions in the 
mountains to pummel the southern 
suburbs held by the Syrian-backed 
Shiites with Soviet-supplied rock- 
ets. 

“What everyone is asking is, why 
all this fighting?" a Lebanese jour- 
nalist said. “Aren't they all allies of 
Syria? President Atmn GemayeJ 
has sworn allegiance to Syria, so 
have the Shiites and the Druze and 
the Aba Musa Palestinians. 

“The answer,” he said, “is they 
all have their own separate inter- 
ests." 

The upshot, he and others said, is 
that Syna is determined to rale by 
playing the factions off against 
each other, and by cutting down 
any one leader or group fiat ap- 
proached a dominant position. 

Lebanon is a kaleidoscope of re- 


ligious communities that is difficult 
for a 20th-century Westerner to 
comprehend. It is locked in clan 
warfare that goes back not just a 
decade, but centuries. 

The first step of Syria’s strategy 
is comparatively easy to grasp. 
Hard-tine Manonite Catholics, who 
have traditionally cherished both a 
privileged role in Lebanon and a 
paranoia of the Moslems surround- 
ing them, had staged a revolt within 
the private army traditionally dom- 
inated by the family of the Chris- 
tian president, Mr. GemayeJ. 

Syria enlisted its allies, the Shiite 
and Druze militias, to launch a 
fierce bombardment across the 
Green Line dividing Beirut The 
bombardment, coupled with spec- 
tacular military failures, under- 
mined the hard-liners' revolt 
against Mr. GemayePs reliance on 
Syria. 


In Moslem West Beirut, the 
emerging underclass of long-de- 
prived Suite Moslems has in the 
last year shouldered aside the tradi- 
tional urban upper class of Suno^F 
oligarchs to achieve a new domi- 
nance, tinged with Iranian-style 
fundamentalism 

The Druze, fierce mountain 
fighters, are somewhat of an un- 
known quantity. 

The local scene also reflects the 
larger Arab struf 

say a major reason i 

ing of the attacks on the'l 
camps was to discredit Mr. Ara/al 
who is seeking peace moves in 
league with the leaders of Jordan- 
and Egypt. With his men bong 
attacked by other Arabs. Mr. Ara- 
fat would lose face. 

. But as the Syrian-backed fac- 
tions joined together in the camps 
with the Arafat forces to stand 



“ des ^ against Amal, Syria appeared lo.jt 

the &een Line has become so bad have shifuS^oiffioffiS the W 


U.S. Sees Progress With Soviet on Air Safety 


that there have been pleas, even 
from Christian leaders such as for- 
mer President Camille Chamoun 
for Syrian military intervention to 
restore order. In a country not 
“to" 0 *, irony, it should be noted 


battle to keep Amal and its leader, 
Nabih Beni, from playing a domi- 
nant role in West Beirut. 

Several other local militias, some 
with ties to Syria, now have joined 
forces with the Palestinians. The 


(Continued from Plage 1) 


negotiations should or must be held 


States insists that research cannot hostage to progress in any other 
nations area. Rigid insistence on such a 
self-defeating formula wojild vio- 
late both common sense and man- 
kind's genuine interest in achieving 
the widest possible agreement on 
arms reductions." 

The air safety negotiations 
stemmed from the shooting down 
by a Soviet fighter of the South 
Korean plane on Sept 1, 1983, kill- 
ing aB 269 people aboard. The 


be restricted and that negotiations 
should proceed on nuclear weapon 
cuts. The second round begins 
Thursday. 

Mr. Reagan, in commenting on 
the situation, told Q Tempo: 

“I believe that h is far too early 
in this extraordinarily complex set 
of negotiations to speak a dead- 
lock. we firmly oppose the idea 
that progress in one area of the 


plane had entered Soviet airspace 
on a flight from New York to Seoul 
via Anchorage, and inquiries later 
showed that there had been no con- 
tact between air controllers regard- 
ing the position of the airliner. 

The aim of the air safety talks, 
American officials said, is to pro- 
vide assurances that militar y planes 
win not shoot down civilian planes 
and that all efforts will be made to 
provide better communication to 
prevent misunder s tan din g s . 


5t2a3S2M£*K? sast-i-sjac 


Christians only after inter- 
vening, with a deal brokered by the 

United States, to save them from 
defeat in the 1975-76 episode of the 
cavil war. 

But diplomats and other observ- 
ers, both in Nicosia and in Damas- 
cus, say it is unlikely that the Syri- 
ans would commit their own forces 
to the treacherous streets of Beirut, 
preferring instead to deal through 
their local proxies. 

The current stage is more subtle. 


ians came From positions in the 
mountains hdd by Palestinian fac- 
tions allied with Syria, including 
the Popular Front for the Libera- 
iwn of Palestine, the PFLP-Gener- 
ad Command, As Saiqa and the 
Abu Musa rebels. '■|R 

“There's no way those positions 
COUid „" re ^Hhoat Syrian agrce- 
raent," a Western diplomat said. 

This is a move to keep Beni and 
Amal from getting too strong." 



'i — fe .Vi; 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


Page 3 


.. 5*«. 


re Dubious A Comparison of Budget Plans 


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By Tom Rcdbum 

Los Angeks Tims Service 

WASHINGTON -He Demo- 


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ff> Proxies 


the House hast week, rdies on 
u smoke, gjmmidd and other as- 
sumptions" to cat 356 UDion from 
the federal deficit next year, ac- 
-^ngto Robert J.Dtde, the Sao- 
att^quihlicanleadcr. 

independent analysts agree that' 
Mr. Date's allegations arc Hue, but 
they add that the Kansan has failed 
to acknowledge that the Republi- 
can budget the Senate paswf earli- 
er this month da pwifo on sumkrly 
questionable assumptions to ream 
its own S56-bdEcm target. 

Most important, the analysts 

say, both budget alternatives are 
almost certain to fall short of limit- 
ing the federal defeat to about $106 
billion by 1988, a lewd that many 
economists think the government 
.should reach if the ngthn is to 
* ^ ^serious economic problems. 

BjToomparisan, ihe deficit is <sc- 
pected to nit a record $217 billion 
this year. 

For example, according to a re- 
port released last week by the noo- 
PptAwoir P 811 ^ 5311 Congresaonal Budget Qf- 
* " *'dy flee, the Senate-passed spending' 

plan, in g ip sul of poshing die defeat 
down to $104 bilEon by fiscal year 
1988, as advertised, would letrve a 
deficit of $149 billion. 

The House budget has not Vet 
been analyzed by the budget office, 
but like the Senate budget it de- 
“■it on relatively tmtiimstic coo- 
ndtsifc assumptions uxxrt growth, -■ 


inflation and interest rates. Inac- 
tion, the House plan abo .rdks on 
slightly more dutaoos eapectatioos 
cf future spending cuts to reach its 
own deficit target of $124 btHioa in 

1988. 

For instance, the Democratic 
plan, unlike the Senate budget, as- 
sumes that $4 bfllion tan fee saved 
next year by improving^ ^ govem- 
meat contracting and that another 
$4 bUEan in revenues wifl be avail- 
able from settlement of a hmg-' 
standing tfi^jute between the stales 
and the federal govennnenl over cal 
money from o&haro ddfog. . 

Swintnng maintain .{bat ibejT rfan 

would save $115 billion ,m three 
years by hokfing down miBlaiy 
OTemfing, and House m em b ers say 
tndr Pentagon cuts would save 
S137 Ullion. 

. But the the budget oSice reports 
(hat both savings are exag- 
gerated. This is because- they both 


Rounded figures In billions of doHars for fiscal years. The 
President's 1980 budget was proposed Feb. 4. 

, Senate/White House compromise plan passed the Senate 
on May 10; House plan was approved Thursday. 


Outlay* 

Revenues 

DEFICIT 


United Air Talks Stall 
Over Role of New Pilots 


1885 

(projected) 

1888 
Raagan 
budget . 

1988 
Senate/ 
White Home 
■ plan 

1988 

House 

plan 

5854 

$972 

$965 

$967 

738 

793 

794 

764 

S217 

$179 

$171 

$173 


Sources; House and Senate Budget CBmmftteBs, Office 
of Manspeawnt and Budpat and CDnorwa a riorm Budget Offico 


tioms from the high level? assumed 
in an agreement, no longer in ef- 
fect between the Reagan adminis- 
tration and Senate Republican 
leaders that was announced more 
than, a year ago from the White 
House Rose Garden. 

“In the finhre yews, the House 
budget , is something Hke a fond 
hope that everyone VfiD do wfaat 
they thntilH do,” said the charrman 
of the Senate Budget 'Committee, 
Fete V. Damemti, RqpubEcan of 
Hew Mexico: “Our budget man- 
dates the committees to rhatiga 
laws." 


AMERICAN TOPICS 


Domestic Violence, 
American-Style 

“British football crowds axe 
more violent” than American 
football crowds, concedes 
Christopher Reed, a comspon- 
dent in the United States for 
Britain's Guardian newspaper* 
but he reports that American 
males who are prone to batter- 
their wives are e^Kcially 
likely to do so when watching 
football on television. 

“Clinks, and refuges for bat- 
tered women in the San Fran- 
cisco Bay area, where a local 
team has won the Super Bowl 
American football final three 
times in five years, have noticed - 
that calls increase after the 
match,” he su'd. He cited one 
refuge, which averaged 7 to 10 
calls a Sunday, that received 20 
on Super Bowl Sunday. A dime 
said that when the San Francis- 
co 49ers won this ; year, “the 
phone rang off the hook.” 

Dr. Cho5U)pher Hatcher, a 
-7 S Francisco cfinicti psycho- 
logist, said the man whose team 
wins is most EEtiy to become 
violent if Ins wife does or says 
“anything vrinch. makes lnm Iras 
of a winner” A dime executive 
in Oakland disagreed, swing 
that a loss hurt a male fan*5 
view of Mmsdf and the mascu- 
line ideal Bruce Ogflvie, a psy- 
chologist concurred; “What is 
sadder than seeing your, alter- 
ego collapse?” 

George Washington 

and die Widow Cnstia 

Historians' have long known . 
that when Martha Dandridge 
Custis, a 26-year-old widow, 
married George Washington, 
she was rich. Only recently have 
they discovered how rich: The 
sunned and faded pages erf one 
. oC .peorge Washington's metic- 
— js ledgers, shut away in a 
Washington andlxeUnwernty 
vault for the past 75 years, 
shows that Martha's first hus- 
band left hex £29,650 in colo- 
nial Virginia currency — $6 
million in today's money. 

That doesn’t include the 
more than 17,000 acres (nearly 
7,000 hectares)! of plantation' 
land that the widow Custis and 
her two children inherited from. 
Daniel Parke Custis, the Rich- 
mond Times-DispaLcb report- 
ed. - 

The ledger “may be the most 
important addition to George 
Washington's material in mare 
tfa&Aa generation,” said W.W. 

a University of Virginia 
historian and editor of The Pa- 
pers of George Washington.” 

The size of the Custis fortune 
isn't necessarily .a commentary 
on the reason (or the future first 
president’s marriage, Mr. Ab- 
bot sakL Washington had Ins 
own inheritance, including 
Mount Vernon, and was a. 

shrewd investor in frontier real , 

estate: “By the time: he met 
Martha he .was not impover- 
ished at alL” 


r : . 

v Vi,; ; • - t!;i ' 

’’j. S'. ' t <■ 

1 ’ < " t ; • }' I-'V 

r i : : * ' „j .r.j 


had posed far sexually exphrit 
pboto^apbs that were pub- 
lished in Penthouse magazine, 
has sued that: magazine and 
Tom fT«apri l the- photogra- 

Eaud and 

[Aotos mvpeared in tiro issues 
that sold a total pf 10 million 
ropies, for a total of $37 minion 

in sales. 

_ Six “Doonesbury" comic 
strips dealing with abortion, 
hare been hew back from dis- 
tribution to newspapers bc- 
canse they might have been 



r;- '5 

??r - v:; ’ Notes AboutPeople 

‘ ■ Vanessa WfEams, who lost , 

u - 1 ? L . c . • her Miss America tide last July 

“ 1 . . 

d Medical Studies 

s^z: ’ : • • ,,r , ;1 1 . By Robert D, McBadrien 

; . ; ,, \1 «“• : 1 , ;; :» • Ne» Fort flma Senior • 

' ■*; NEW- YORK — Nine tedimcal 
: studies by two staff members of 

:<r. f ' i. : yV- Cdumbia Univeraty’s Cdk®t of 
:• Physicians and Surgeons have been 

" j u - ■ . : ‘»' j refracted fixm medical joontalsbfr- 
' j. . •!. r cause they were -based on “data c£ 

v :.\ vs,; ; r '" :: ' '<■>;: dubious ceitainjy" the umverahy 
f :.’i - v *' hasjgyrted. , 

‘ i ; ... ■ )■ i .^^■jtudira,deaKiigwlthchen»- 

... ! l o*': ihalranliae the fioarof Wood, 

tT ‘ . v v .. waeco-auu»redbyDr.S.Alexan- 
‘ vXi '‘ , r ... . . .y.-p'. derStalcup and Dr.RobcrtB. Met 

j* : l v - tins of the college’s pediatrics de- 

; ft • " . . v % . . 

•v- 


Garry Trudean 

oemsidered too controversial to 
publish, the Universal Press 
Syndicate announced Friday. It 
said the decision whs accepted 
by tony Trudeau, the snip's 
creator. It was the first such 
incident iu 15 years of 
“Doonesbury” 

Senator Barry Gokhreter, 76, 
who has dominated Arizona 
politics for a ■quarter-century, 
has said he wul not seek re- 
election next year. Far ahead in 
the running to succeed him is 
his fellow Republican, Repre- 
sentative Jobs & McCain 3d, 
48. A former war prisoner in 
Vietnam,: Mil McCain is -un^ 
troubled by the fact that he has 
lived in Arizona only five years. 
The state is full of newcomers, 
and as; a navy officer and the. 
son of one, be never before had 
a ebanoe to put down xooU. Or 
as he put it, ^The longest place I 
ever hved was Hanoi." 

Tony Oortis, the actor; appar- 
ently has little future as an au- 
thor. In 1977, he signed a con- 
tract with Doubleday for a 
novel, ‘‘SlaisttudE.'’ described 
as a “rags to riches story of a 
lascivious Hollywood, sfrudet” 
The Washington Post) reports 
that during the past week, Mr. 
Curtis received a rejection no- 
tice and Was asked to rrtnm the 
$50,000 advance. Doubleday 
described Ins manuscript as 
•junk, pure junk.” . 

Faran Yong 53, a oounfry 
nurse star for 30 years, ana 
known forsuch lut? as - < !HeIlo 
Walls” and “Live Fast, Love 
.Hard, Die Young,” says the se- 
cret of his kng-hved success is 
simple. “My secret? Drink ex- 
pensive whiskey” Ik said in 
Nashville. “I, smoke cigarettes, 
but ! drink very expensive whis- 


ARTHUR 


But on Saturday, the chapman 
of the House Budget Committee, 
William H. Gray 3d of Pennsyiva- 
nia. defended the Democratic bud- 
get plan as a realistic alternative to 
the Senate spending program. 

“Let me remind the president 
that he asked fra $50 bfllion in 
spending cuts and we gave him 556 
billion in spending cuts,” Mr. 
Gray. 

■ Reagan Deplores House Plan 

Mr. Reagan declared Friday that 
the House budget would endanger 
national security and was “unac- 
ceptable to me and to the American 
people." Tim Washington Post re- 
ported. 

Nevertheless, the president 
would accept the House plan to 
eliminate a one-year freeze on So- 
cial Security cost-of-living in- 
creases if House-Senate conferees 
came up with “real savings of (he 
same magnitude," according to the 
asastantWMie House press secre- 
tary, Albert Brashear. 

In a speech to the National Man- 
ufacturers Association, Mr. Rea- 


State Bans 

Homosexual 

Adoptions 

By Dudley Gendinen 

. New Turk Tuner Service 

BOSTON — Massachusetts, af- 
ter two weeks of intense public de- 
bate, has announced a policy that 
would essentially prohibit what 
had been legally possible in every 
state; the placement of foster chil- 
dren in the care of homosexuals. 

In the future, Massachusetts will 


applying to be a foster parent, Phil- 
ip w. Johnston, hear! of the De- 
partment of Human Services, said 
Friday. 

Itsrill seek to place dnldren only 
“in traditional family settings,” he , 
said. ‘That is, with relatives, or in 
families with married couples, pref- 
erably with parmting experience 
and with time available to care for 
foster children." 

The decision grew out erf a con- 
troversy surrounding the disclosure 
that the state had placed two young 
brothers in the care of a male cou- 
ple who had been candid about 
their homosexuality. But Governor 
Michael S. Dukakis denied that the 
new policy discriminated against 
homosexuals. 

“We’re not talking about sexual 
preference here, we’re talking 
about what’s in the best interest erf 
the children,” the governor said, 
adding that he meant a convention- 
al home environment 

“1 think that’s what the vast ma- 
jority of people in this country be- 
lieve,” he said. T believe it" 

Jeff Leva, acting executive direc- 
tor of the National Gay Task Force 
ia Washington, said Massachusetts 
“is denying the fan that a gay cou- 

S ream a loving family anda 
nvirotunem for dmdren, 

's unfortunate for the cfafl- 
dren, and for the couples trim want 
to be parents.” 

Before the action Friday, no 
state inquired into the sexual pref- 
erence of potential foster parents. 
In most other states, as here, the 
subject has not been a matter of 
public or legislative debate, and no 
stale laws or standards barred ho- 
mosexuals from being approved as 
foster parents. 

The debate here arose more than 
two weeks ago when The Boston 
Globe reported the placement of 
two children, one 3 and the other 
almost 2 years did, with Donald 
Babets and David Jean, two men 
who had lived together for almost a 
decade. They wished to adopt the 
childr en and had applied to be fos- 
ter parents as a first step. 

The state removed the boys to 
anntlwr foster home that day, al- 
though the Department of Social 
Services had approved the place- 
ment with the men after a year’s 
investigation of their home life and 
reputations. Mr. Babets and Mr. 
Iran have said they would file an 
administrative appeal of the re- 
moval erf thedriMren. 

- David Scondras, a Boston city 
councilman who is the rally elected 
member of the city or stale govern- 
ments who is openly homosexual, 
said Friday, “Disaffection is very 
widespread is the gay community," 
particularly over the language of an 
amendment passed Thursday by 
the Massachusetts House in a 1 12- 
28 vote. 


S and appeared in four 
I.S. scientific journals 
to 1984 

WMle the. two -doctors have de- 
airfanywrqs^doingaidnodisri- 
plinary action has heed taken 
against them, toe case has raised 
concern- overa -widely perceived 
erasaan of tnnhfiitn^ t^suiemir. 
studies, fueled in part by nugor 
cases erf scientific nsnd in recent 
years. . ” ;• • 

The studies, wbfch appeared in 
toe Journal of CKmcal Investiga- 


tion, Circulation, Gradation Re- 
search and toe Journal of Applied | 
Physiology, have been withdrawn 
vohmianly by the authors after in- 
vestigations ordered by Columbia 
University were critical of the au- 
thors and their methods, a spokes- 
woman said Saturday. 

She said that two special investi- 
gating committees, one campriamg 
faculty members and another com- 
prising outside medical experts, did 
not nnd any evidence that data 
used to support the studies had 
been deliberately falsified. 


H» Mw Yni Tima 

toe House “rouldundgmine our 
negotiating position in Geneva and 
put toe defense erf oar nation at 
risk." He praised the Senate ver- 
sion of the budget as “a major ef- 
fort to control government spend- 
ing” that would “prepare toe way 
for tax reform and ndp put our 
economy on a growth path through 
the end of toe decade.” 

' [On Saturday, toe president de- 
voted his weekly radio address to 
the tax-refonn initiative he plans to 
offer Tuesday, The New York 
Times reported. Mr. Reagan, giv- 
ing the first details erf the plan, said 
it would assist famili es by greatly 

e xpanding ^ pa rtonal wemp tiwi 

raising the standard deduction, 
lowering rates and retaining the de- 
duction for home mortgage pay- 
ments on principal residences. 

[Mr. Reagan also promised that 
the plan would significantly reduce 
taxes for the majority of Americans 
while assisting low-income house- 
holds and allowing “working poor 
families to dimb up the ladder of 
success.”] 


By Douglas B. Feaver 

Washington Pan Service 

WASHINGTON — Contract 
negotiations between United Air- 
lines and its striking pilots have 
collapsed after both rales rgected a 
federal mediator’s proposal to set- 
tle new issues created since the 
strike began May 17. 

No talks were scheduled and 
prospects are good fraa protracted, 
hitter dispute at toe largest U.S. 
airline just as toe peak summer 
travel season begins. 

After the breakdown Saturday, 
United reiterated jflans to hire and 
tram replacement pilots for the 
4^00 staking members of the Air 
Line Pflois Association. 

United has been operating 209 
Oighttdafly to 41 airports for most 
of the past week, about 14 percent 
of its pre-strike schedule. 

The company said it has already 

hired 100 replacement plots and 
. that pine of ihftm had completed 
framing and were flying Saturday. 

The carrier’s cockpit, mainte- 
nance and dispatch procedures 
have been under special surveil- 
lance since (he strike began, ac- 
cording to Anthony J. Broderick, 
the Federal Aviation Administra- 
tion's associate administrator fra 
aviation standards. 

“I think we can be 25 percent up 
and dying by Jnly 1," said John R. 
Zeeman, UnitecTs executive vice 
pre&dent fra marketing and plas- 
ning. 

me days of intensive talks ap- 
parently had settled what all par- 


ties agreed was the only question 
on toe (able; United's proposal to 
pay new pilots on a lower pay 
schedule than current pilots. 

The negotiations broke down 
over questions of union solidarity 
and management determination. 
Both sides fiaJpromised to protect 
-toe people whohdped (hem: in the 
case of the pilots, those who did not 
work after the strike began; in (he 
case of management, those who 
did. 

According to sources, the issue 
of two wage scales was settled when 
the pilots agreed to have a two- 
schedule system for 12 years, to be 
renegotiated once, at the end of six 
years. The schedules would have 
merged into one at the ad of 12 
years. 

With that settled, negotiators 
turned to “back-io-work* issues. 
The key was 500 pilots United bad 
trained but not hired and had 

planned to use as strikebreakers. 
However, aD but four of those 500 
pilots honored toe picket fine in 
exchange for union promises that 
they would be protected. 

The company’s position is that 
the union “doesn't represent those 
people;" Mr. Zeeman said. 

A union spokesman, Don Slda- 
dos. said that “as long as they bold 
these young men and women hos- 
tage, no doubt the pilots at United 
Amines will stand up fra them.” 

The airline also wanted to give 
favored seniority positions to other 
.newly hired replacement pilots and 
to union pilots who had crossed the 
picket lines. 




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S4S 


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Page 4 


MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 


Pt*fi»l^WhfaTV'NwY<^T*i«^Thf 


eribunc The Civil War in South Africa Has Started 


The Right Choi 


The eternal verities in defense now seem to 
have a shelf life of about two months. 

Take the super-accurate, super-powerful 
MX missile, designed to hit such sensitive 
Soviet targets as missile silos and command 
posts. In March it seemed clear to as and 
others that as Hawed as the missile was, it was 
worth keeping in production in order to 
strengthen President Reagan's bargaining 
hand at the newly opened Geneva talks. This 
was the theory on which Congress authorized 
the production of 21 more such missiles. 

But last week a substantially new MX for- 
mula swept through the Republican Senate. 
The adminis trating-, slow to realize that the 
MX was probably being saved frozn extinction 
by the Democratic House, fought the new 
formula fiercely but finally went along. 

The president had already agreed to reduce 
his original bid for a total of 200 MX missiles 
to 100. The Senate imposed a new lid of SO for 
so long as the missiles are deployed in old 
Minuteman silos. In those vulnerable silos, 
argued Senator Sam Nunn of Georgia, zeroing 
in on what has always been acknowledged as 
the MX’s gravest flaw, a president would be 
under terrible pressure to fire first in a crisis in 
order to ensure that his MX force hit its 
intended targets (Soviet missiles in their boles) 
and that it was not wiped out in a Soviet first 


Tax 'Reform’ and the Poor 


To push through something that will be 
called tax reform. President Reagan seems 
ready to yield concessions to all sorts of impor- 
tant constituencies, from oil wildcatters to 
university fund-raisers. Yet deplorably, the 
president persists in his determination to at- 
tack the one tax benefit that is of dearest 
benefit to the nation's poor: the deductibility 
of state and local taxes. 

From his perspective, that may be a neat 
political crick: The deductions cost the Trea- 
sury a whopping $28 bfltion, revenue that the 
administration would rather spend for lower- 
ing everyone’s tax rate. And unlike smaller 
deductions, this one is not defended by any 
powerfully organized interest group. 

In economic and social terms, however, no 
other federal tax deduction has such a dear 
justification. If the deduction is lost, this tax 
“reform" will largely amount to a further loss 
of federal subsidy for the poor people who 
depend on states and cities for basic services. 

Yes, the right to deduct state and local taxes 
from federally taxable income is a “loophole" 
— and one that at least optically benefits the 
weD- to-do. Two-thirds of all taxpayers derive 
no value from it because they do not itemize 
any deductions on tax returns. Moreover, for 
those who do itemize, the benefits increase 
with income. A couple earning $25,000 gets 25 
cents in federal tax relief for every dollar it 
pays in local taxes; a couple earning $200,000 
saves SO cents for every dollar. 

Compounding this apparent inequity is the 
fact that the value of the deduction varies 
greatly from state to state. Last year the bene- 
fit per person in low-income, low-tax Louisi- 
ana was only $34. But in high-income, high-tax 
New Jersey, the average benefit was $169. In 
Minnesota, it was $181; in California, $185. 

Why. then, defend this federal redistribu- 
tion of wealth? Because the differences' in 
benefit are explained mostly by the states' . 
different burdens in caring for poor people. - 
The federal government pays some of the wel- 
fare and medical bills of poor Americans. But 


Embassy Protests (cont.) 


We continue to look in vain for anything 
resembling a consistent federal prosecution 
policy toward demonstrators in Washington 
— and there is still an apparent arbitrariness to 
it that, absent a good explanation, is politically 
fishy. In March, we noted that 1,665 people 
had been charged with breaking a law by 
demonstrating within 500 feet ( 150 meters) of 
the South African Embassy, and that ClJS. 
Attorney Joseph E diGenova bad seen to it 
that charges were dropped before anybody 
went to court At the same time, a woman was 
arrested for a similar offense in front of the 
Soviet Embassy, and she was prosecuted. 

At the time of the first South African Em- 
bassy arrests, prosecutors were said to believe 
that the charges would result only in "show 
trials" that would focus attention on the apart- 
heid policies of the South African government 
but would accomplish little in terms of law 
enforcement. Why that would not be so for 
protests at other embassies never was made 
dear. At any rate, one prosecutor warned then 
that the Justice Department would take a very 
different view of demonstrators arrested a sec- 


ond time. Then, earlier this month, same of 
those same demonstrators were arrested again, 
after a two-day sit-in at the downtown Wash- 
ington offices of an international coin ex- 
change firm that had been selling South Afri- 
can Krugerrands. Again, charges were 
dropped. True, this was not an embassy case, 
so perhaps technically it was not a “second 
time." But which laws count anymore? 

Since November, more than 2,000 people 
have been arrested at the South African Em- 
bassy in Washington — and all charges have 
been dropped. Yet in Chicago, a jury trial was 
conducted for eight apartheid protesters; it 
ended in acquittal after the defendants argued 
that demonstrations at the South African con- 
sulate were necessary to fight apartheid. 

Obviously the leaders of the demonstrations 
want their day in court, with the public expo- 
sure that comes Trom it. Is this what the federal 
prosecutors seek to deny by dropping charges? 
What other embassy and demonstrators might 
qualify for this exemption? Justice confused is 
altin io justice delayed: It is not there. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


FROM OUR MAY 27 PAGES, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1910; Scott Set to Try for South Pole 
PARIS — There is but little romance left in 
these over^avilized times, and this old Earth 
has but few ’ corners now which are not of 
common knowledge to the masses. Thus it is 
not often gjiven to men of this generation to 
feet the generous thrill with which our forefa- 
thers watched the mariners depart to penetrate 
the mysteries of the Western Ocean, and even 
the South Seas have lost their glamor. Yel 
there still remain the regions around the Poles 
to keep alive the spirit of adventure. Now one 
reads that Captain Robert Falcon Scott. Of the 
British navy, accompanied by a band of offi- 
cers and scientists, is about to start for the 
Antarctic. Captain Scott's expedition is a na- 
tional undertaking, and nothing that science 
can suggest has been omitted to forward the 
endeavor to reach the Southern Pole. 


1935: Farmers Support U.S, Subsidies 

KANSAS CITY — President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt's agricultural policy, criticized in 
many quarters, appeared to have been en- 
dorsed by wheat farmers, who on the basis of 
early returns in votes Ion May 251, approved of 
retention of the wheat adjustment measures 
under the Agricultural Adjustment Act. Many 
considered (he voting a test of the Administra- 
tion program, and returns would tend to show 
that a majority of the farmers are satisfied with 
the program undo' which they haw received 
hundreds of millions of dollars for plowing 
under wheat and reducing tlwir planting. The 
program has been one of the most daring 
experiments in the history of agriculture. 
Wheal farmers were confronted with a disas- 
trous marketing situation in 1933, necessitat- 
ing cooperation under the Federal Agency. 


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ROBERT K. McCABE Dam Editor STEPHAN W. CONAWAY Director of Operation . 

CARLGEW1RTZ Amende Editor FRANCOIS DESMAISONS Unaor of Gradation 

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strike. A powerful and accurate weapon that 
will be targeted first and must be fired first is, 
unavoidably, a first-strike weapon, one incon- 
sistent with professed American strategy. 

The Senate did not entirely ignore the need 
to keep cards in the president's Geneva hand: 
Some additional MX missiles vriH be deployed 
and others can be produced for spares and 

tests. StilL.it is hard to imagine whatis going to 
remove the cap of 50. For more than a decade, 
s uccessi ve administrations have examined 
dozens of basing ideas and haw yel to find one 
that meets Mr. Nunn’s reasonable test. The 
practical effect of the senator’s amendment is 
likely to be to top off the MX program and 
accelerate the program for a small, single- 
warhead, land-based missile: Midge tman. 
Midgetman is mobile and can be hidden, qual- 
ities that make it a second-strike weapon. 

We thinb Senator Nunn has done a useful, 
important thing. Evidence of continuing U.S. 
arms pro grams must be shown to the Russians, 
who long have had the equivalent of MXs, to 
put them in a bargaining mood. The 50 MX 
missil es, with their total of 500 warheads, ore 
not inconsiderable. But moving from the vul- 
nerable and therefore first-strike MX to the 
invulnerable and therefore second-strike Mid- 
ge tman is a trend well worth accelerating. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


P£'S,SSS By Breyten Breytenbach 

argued recently that many changes bad been This is the second of two articles. 

effected in South Africa smee Pieter W. Botha 

cum* to power. As proof that Mr, Botha was gibing pTm>» obsolete apartheid fixtures to pro- 
moving away from entrenched whim dammar cure "colored" and Asian support and 
non, Mr. Abrams cited the splitting off, to the foreign faintheartedness; creating alternative 
right, of part of the Afrikaner tribe. representative structures to divert blade de- 

From i he Afrikaners' point of view, ai least mauds, strengthening the homelands, driving a 
two significant shifts did occur. The first was the wedge between rural and urban blacks — ulti~ 
breakup of Afrikaner tribal orthodoxy, the split nxatdy regrouping this mare’s nest of institutions 
between Far Right and Pragmatic RighL This and bodies into the semblance of a participatory 
break, caused by the pragmatic Nationalists' confederation that would leave white political 
realization that they would have to co-opt the and economic power intacL 
Asian and "colored 4 ’ minorities to extend lb sir These internal readjustments are accompanied 
power base, could not but blur the outlines of by an aggressive foreign policy expressed by 
apartheid. The cosmetic blurring proved too «... 

much for the keepers of the tribe's cultural and TkmthrnhoonnrujnrrtJItmsp 
ideological purity. This shift to a base no longer there tW&Oeen a near COUapse 

die r middle sroimd.' Blada! no 

governments declared intention to abrogate 

laws pertaining to u mixed” marriages makes a longer nleajd for nartierpatfon. 
healing of the split impossible. » T * 


liquidation by linking it to 1 ibe 
Stress and thus to the <»■— 
tools from theinqueimtotheUj«^w|e 
ere dint the police have 0*4®* { w_ l*,* 

And they do. Women and 

of 12 European tanks 


In Greece, 

A New Vojfc 

For Change? 

Bv ,\ndriana Icwtown 

a l HhNS — Next Sunday's gentr- 

A al Art** * GW* "«tM 

Lng to be about tomatoes and w- 
*25 hut 4 dJ*h m 


darkn^" a senior Sdttafct *Md- 
nwnt minister declared receouy. 
The statement came w* fro® a 


Iv SSrSShS o'***? mS - llK ** M •* 

nMheir military capacities, the economic darkness.'* a senior Socialist gwro- 
IStoiSSe 10 Follow through dotonl iw« 8 j. 

Srer breaking a neighbor (with what arefocy ^ slaK0K nt came twi from* 

^gSSdMozSbiquc?)^o»ngpo^ ^ 

control over their own armed forces. politician. PASOK. iBe^rRnfldlcBic 

^But the true changes — taking into account Movement of Prime Minn* 

that any interpretation must be a blunting tnstro- ^ ^ papatulreou. is tang a 


the 'middle ground. 9 Bfacksno 


states and dries carry most of the cost of their 
education, police protection and other basic 
services. And it is middle- and upper-income 
taxpayers who must foot the bill. 

Many of these affluent taxpayers, it is ar- 
gued, stand to gain as much from the lower 
federal tax rates that the president promises as 
they would lose in the effectively higher state 
and local tax rates that would ensue. The 
reform might well leave them unharmed. But 
with most comparable taxpayers in low-tax 
states getting a net reduction, the high-tax 
states and dries would come under irresistible 
pressure to reduce their tax rates — and thus 
their budgets for supporting the poor. 

Today, an affluent resident of New York 
City, paying 18 cents in state and local taxes 
for an extra dollar of income, might look with 
envy on a Floridian who pays no income tax at 
ail. But be can take some comfort in the fact 
that half the 18 cents will be subtracted from 
his federal tax bill. 

If that deduction is lost, the relative tax cost 
of living in New York City or Los Angeles or 
Milwaukee would rise significantly. That 
would increase the temptation to flee the high 
tax states, reducing their tax base, or to de- 
mand a state tax cut, reducing sendees to the 
urban poor. Either way, the poor would end up 
financing much of the reform. 

This is, plainly, a difficult argument to make 
in the political arena. And this circuitous rout- 
ing of federal funds to states and cities and 
then to the poor is certainly an inefficient way 
of discharging what ought to be a dear and 
compelling national responsibility. A fair ap- 
proach to reform would recognize that elimi- 
nating the local tax deduction would more 
than pay for a federal takeover of welfare 
and related services. 

But the Reagan administration seeks to shed 
federal responsibilities, not to assume new 
ones. Whatever virtues remain in this pro- 
posed tax reform, they are being overwhelmed 
by a callous neglect of the weakest Americans. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


The second shift is illustrated by increased 
militarization and the growing political influence 
of the imlitary. South Africa has moved from an 
old-fashioned colonialist setup, with Westmin- 
ster political structures assuring vestigial demo- 
cracy for the minority, to a Third World autocra- 
cy typified by pervasive state control a rampant 
bureaucracy, antiquated economic structures, 
progressive impoverishment and a transfer of 
power from politicians to security experts. 

There has been effervescence but no progress. 
Reform, in the current context, consists of piece- 
meal methods of adaptation. The underlying 
pattern remains one of mili taiy containment 
Conflicting signals emanate from South Africa 
only because the game is veiled. The strategy is 
probably military — apparently incoherent and 
sensitive to pressure — but with dear goals. 

The strategy allows for influences by, say. 
cultural or foreign policy developments. But the 
plans remain constant: Sectioning the country 
into a military grid (hat would assure control and 
allow for a containable level of resistance; liber- 


creating or supporting rebel factions in neighbor- 
ing states (Angola, Mozambique); by direct in- 
cursions (in Lesotho, Angola, etc.); by establish- 
ing a mili tary presence of sorts elsewhere m 
Africa, or weaving a tissue of complicity by 
owning arms (Somalia, tbe Comoro Islands. Ma- 
lawi, probably Zaire); by putting the world com- 
munity before a fait accompli in Namibia. 

In all this, Pretoria serves interests of tbe 
United States, which has no quarrel with the 
military stance and uses South Africa as a con- 
duit for funneling aid and influence to sub- 
Saharan Africa. PoUtymakers in Washington 
misread and mislead their own concerned public. 

How else can the world live with the raw terror 
mumaiing from South Africa? Officially more 
than 250 people have been killed (including one 
white) since last September, when the new con- 
stitution came into operation. Recently 14,000 
miners were fired for striking, before an agree- 
ment finally was negotiated. New treason trials 
nited Democratic Front for 


meat finally was i 
are settingup the 


But themmAan^s - taking into account 
that any interpretation mustbe a bluntm g i 
meat —are the following: There has be® anw 
but total collapse of the “middle ground * here, 
with mutual good will, the *«*£*££ 
been talked into shape, (It is true that boracrime 
contacts with the ANC have been eaabbshedL 
but these are as yet too umid to puH the pani« 
into an interdependence and provoke a need to 
continue talks that, in turn, could create grounds 
for negotiations.) Blacks no longer plead Tor 
participation. The white state is rejected. _ 
^The strategy of reform, although modifying 
some dements, has no grip on the future. And 
although there is not yet a majority strategy for 
revolution, there is a depth to the despair and 
bitterness and resolution of the people — and an 
inner liberation, too: a cultural awareness, a 
political tempering — that expresses itself in the 
willingness to dieTor the cause, in the burning of 
corpses, in the attempts to create autonomous 
power centers and people's armies. The mourn- 
ing, the strikes, the marching, the acrid smoke, 
tbe breakdown of white-imposed civil structures, 
the refusal to accept while “peace" — all flash 
one dear signal: The point of no return has been 
reached, Tbe did] war has already started. 

Mr. Breyttziboch, the Afrikaans poet, contribut- 
ed this comment to the Los Angeles Tones. 


Ortega’s 

Ill-Timed 


TH15TR®EEW» 
WILL BRING THOSE 

J-«PIN 1 STSTD 
.. ifeR. KNEES! 


By Tom Wicker 

N EW YORK — President Daniel 
Ortega Saavedra of Nicaragua 
may never take a trip more ill-advised 
than his recent pilgrimage to Mos- 
cow, immediately after the House of 
Representatives voted down all pro- 
posals for any form of aid to the 
‘•conbra” gaemllas trying to over- 
throw the Sandmist government. 

Not that Mr. Ortega, the head of a 
recognized (even by the Reagan ad- 
ministration) government, does not 
have a perfect right to gp anywhere 
be is welcome, any time he wants to. 
and ask for aid from anyone who will 
give iL And not that those Democrats 
(and some Republicans) in the House 
who voted against aid to the contras 
had any reason to suppose that Mr. 
Ortega headed a Jeffersonian govern- 
ment, or to act as if they just found 
oat he is a Marxist revolutionary. 

Stffh Mr. Onega’s timing was 
wretched. Secretary of State George 
Shultz now threatens to send UJS. 
troops to Nicaragua unless Congress 
provides “humanitarian" aid to the 
contras. And Democratic members 
of Congress, already nervous about 
voting against President Reagan and, 
in effect, against the attempted over- 
throw of a Marxist regime m Central 
America, have seized upon the Mos- 
cow trip to have it both ways. Throw- 
ing up their hands in holy horror 
.because a Marxist journeyed to the 
Mecca of Marxism, they are eager to 
balance their ticket with some kind of 
aid to the contras — “nonlethaL" of 
course, or “humanitarian" and not to 
be administered by those dreadful 
Cold Warriors of tbe CIA. 

Whom do they dunk they’re kid- 
ding? The issue is not and never has 



i KTTER F ROM ATHENS 

renewed challenge from *e wukt- 
vjiiw Sew Democracy Panv. which 
the Socialists trounced in the 1981 
ejections wend almost a hatf-emuy 
of far-right rule in tinea. 

PASOK has now decided that the 
]OS5 campaign is better fvHlghLf j a 
cosmic battle between two duffietri- 
callv opposed political ideologies 
than as j contest of mat poficie on 
frait-and-vcgctahlciSH*s. 

When Greeks voted the Sccuusu 
to power with a rousing 48-perceot 
majority three and a half years ago. 
thev hud a dream. That dream had 
much to do with daily things like 
tomatoes and oranges (in the dream 
they were cheap for housewives while 
fetching a good price for farmers), 
hospitals (the drcaim-of ones were 
clean, available and efficient), pollu- 
tion (the skv over Atuca was agm a 
pristine Hue) and state bureajfeus 

(as few as possible). 

New Democracv had performed 
poorlv in all these areas. The hope 
was ihai PASOK would do some- 
thing about them. The sum of these 
hopes was neatly encapsulated in 
PASOK's one-word campaign slo- 
gan: Aflughu or change. Today many 
Greets feel that the dream has tun 
even started to became reafin. In the 
1984 European Parliament elections, 
which were viewed in Greece as a 


been the virtue of the Sandinists, or 
their political hue, or their links wiih 
Havana and Moscow, about which 
no member of the House can have 
been in any doubt even before Mr. 
Ortega set foot in the Kremlin. 

The issue is whether the United 
States should sponsor, arm and fi- 
nance a guerrilla organization, heavi- 
ly tainted with survivors from the 
Somoza regime, die stated goal of 
which is to overthrow Nicaragua's 
recognized government and replace it 
in power — a guerrilla organization, 
at (hat, whose tactics reputable in ves- 
tigators have found sometimes indis- 


toown when the House voted against 
aid to the contras. 

Are the contras more acceptable 
now? No — what Mr. Ortega does 
has nothing to do with what they are. 

So if members of tbe House be- 
lieved at the time erf the vote thatthey 
should not provide aid to the contras, 
Mr. Ortega’s trip gives them no cause 
to change their minds — no cause 
except the headlines it created, which 
aroused the ever-lurking fear of 
American politicians that the hard- 
line public may somehow judge them 
“soft on communism." 

"‘NonfethaT and “humanitarian'’ 


those opposed to military interven- 
tions, overthrowing governments, 
and terrorism. 


lead over New Democracy in 198 J to 
a 3. 5 -per cent lead. 

Realizing this. PASOK has turned 
to the war of the political wort (in 
which “the sun." of course. Rprc- 
sents PASOK, whose party emblem 
is a rising sun, and “darkness” stands 
for the conservative opposition) as 
the most effective defense against the 
challenge from the right 

The Socialists' strategy is to identi- 
fy New Democracy with the divisive 
experiences of the 1967-74 colonels’ 
dictatorship and die bloody 1945-49 
civil war, m the aftennath of which 
the victorious Allied-backed forces of 
the right worked zealously to erase 
any trace of the defeated Commu- 
nists from Greek society. 

At campaign rallies, “democratic 
men and women" are called upon to 
vote for PASOK. "The people don’t 
forget what the right is all aboisfr is a 
key Socialist slogan. 

New Democracy is fighting back 
with a “would-you-buy-a-second- 


It is a fraud, whether nonhsthal, 

humanitarian or both. Every dollar .f 3 ,^ 

Congress appropriate for .shoes, *5 


tinguishahle from the terrorism that, aid, on the other hand, is intended to 
in other cases, no one denounces ring less harshly in the ears of what- 


more fervently than Ronald Reagan, ever softer-line public may have sur- 
Now that Mr. Ortega has visited vived the Reagan years. It is all right 
Moscow, does the United States have to send shoes for the bleeding feet of 
more justification for this enterprise? contras, and G-rations for their emp- 
No, because the trip tells us nothing ty stomachs; but bullets and rifles 
about tbe Sandinists not already would offend the s ensib ilities of 


food, pay and clothing is a dollar the 
contra leaders do not have to raise 
elsewhere — which means that the 
ample dollars they can get from pri- 
vate sources in the Unitoi States and 
in the Latin countries can and will be 
spent for weapons and ammunition. 

So it is not a matter of what land of 
aid Congress should provide for the 
contras; u is a question whether aid 
of any kind should be provided. If it 
should. Senator Christopher Dodd of 
C o nn e cticut has (he best idea — $14 
million to relocate and resettle tbe 
contras andput an end to the Reagan 
administration’s proxy war. Don’t 
hold your breath till it happens. 

The New York Tones. 


On Memorial Day: Two Cemeteries , Two Messages 

WS - Many cemeteries are By William G. Andrews The most visible statue at G 

m nlMlr efntrlr * n — i it r .« 


F I ARIS — Many cemeteries are 
grim, bleak boatyards, struck 
mute by iheir morbid role. Others cry 
out with eloquence that far exceeds 
the power of words. The latter in- 
clude tbe American cemetery at 
Omaha Beach and the Soviet military 
memorial in East Berlin. 

Omaha Beach is dominated by the 
9,386 individual graves of American 
servicemen who died in the D-Day 
landings or in the struggle to secure 
the Normandy beachheads. Hun- 
dreds of rows of gracefully cut head- 
stones crisscross the closely cropped, 
velvety lawn. The gleaming white 
Italian marble is topped by stars of 
David for those of Jewish faith or 
shaped as Latin crosses for the oth- 
ers. The stones are arranged in per- 
fectly straight lines — laterally, longi- 
tudinally and diagonally. Viewed on 
the bias, the markers fan out like 
branches on a stylized tree of life, 
multiplying endlessly into infinity. 
“Here rests in honored glory a 


comrade in arms known but to God" 
appears on the 307 headstones of 
unknown soldiers. Each of tbe others 
bears the full name, rank and unit, 
the home state and tbe date of death 
of the serviceman it honors. Inscribed 
on the walls of the nearby memorial 
is similar information about 1,557 
Americans whose bodies are missing 
or unidentified. 

In contrast, tire Soviet servicemen 
in East Berlin are interred in mass 
graves. Four large, rectangular burial 
plots occupy tire center of tbe site. 
Each contains TOO bodies. Flanking 
them are eight huge sarcophagi Bas 
reliefs on their sides depict events of 
the Red Army’s march from Moscow 
to Berlin. Quotations from Stalin em- 
blazon thdr ends. 

Beyond those graves rises a 100- 
foot (30-meter) monument, tbe domi- 
nant feature of the cemetery. Its base 
is a 30-foot -high burial mound con- 


taining tire remains of 2^00 Soviet 
war dead, interned standing erect On 
their shoulders, they bear symbolical- 
ly a 28-foot cylindrical mausoleum 
and, above it a 38-foot statue. 

Inside the mausoleum are an eter- 
nal (lame, a "socialist realism" mosa- 
ic portraying the Soviet peoples 
mourning their war dead, and a book 
with the names of those buried in (he 
cemetery. Heavy iron bare deny visi- 
tors access to tbe mausoleum. 

Tbe statue represents a Soviet sol- 
dier in full battle dress, seven times 


cuer m mu name dress, seven times 
life size. His left arm holds protec- 
tively a small German child, and his 
right hand grips an outsized sweat! 
whose point impales a bent and bat- 
tered swastika that is also being 
ground underfoot by the soldier. Of- 
ficial East German guides explain 
that this symbolizes future German 
generations being rescued from tbe 
evils of Nazism by the Red Army. 


The most visible statue at Omaha 
Beach is less titan one-fourth as high 
as its Soviet counterpart. It repre- 
sents “The Spirit of American 
Youth" rising from the sea with nei- 
ther uniform nor weapon. On its base 
are the words "Mine eyes have seen 
tire glory of the coming of the Lord." 

The symbolic significance of the 
Soviet cemetery’s location seems un- 
intended It Lies in central Berlin's 
Treptow Park, a lovely wooded area 
that has been a popular recreation 
spot since the late 19th century. 
Bounding tbe park on two sides is tire 
Berlin Wall thfe most palpable evi- 
dence of Soviet oppression. 

The_ location of the American cem- 


**7 different It overlooks chase after the durivc S of d- 
landing beach in the Nor- laghi is what the 1985 elections will 
S ^ a P 3 .* again be about It remains to be seen 




mandy countryside- Stairs and a path 
lead down the steep slope to the tidal 
flaL From there, tire perilous ordeal 
that faced tbe invasion troops strikes 

the imagination vividly. Those tower- 
ing cliffs were permeated then with 
concrete fortifications that poured 
down deadly artillery and gunfire. 
up that treacherous incline the 
Americans fought across mine fields, 
barbed wire and barriers. 

To climb that cliff and to stroll 
among the graves of the soldiers who 
died in us conquest is an unforgetta- 
ble emotional experience. The magni- 
tude and value of their sacrifice seans 

the souls of all who visit there. 

The effect of Treptow Part con- 
trasts sharply. Its maw graves be- 
speak a systematic sunnreccinn *vf . 


0LP 

MX 


<S>l 4 3a5‘ 


dMduality. The valiant sacrifices of 
each of the mfflions of Soviet soldiers 
who died in the fight against Hitler 
are somehow fused, twisted. The bi- 
zarre symbolism and political postor- 
ing glorify militaiy ought as arteans 
of domination and oppression. Yet 

all the bombast fades away in the soft 

lapping of tire surf at Omaha Beach, 
with its imperishable msaiw about 
the tragic nobility of war in the ser- 
vice of free people and a just cause. 


j*-* 

' • i 




0>*r-rht 


Socialists’ Ilth-hour dumping of 
President Constantine Kanimanfis as .. 
a candidate in a parliamentary vote 
for a new bead of state in March. Mr. 
Karamanlis founded New Democra- 
cy after the collapse of the dictator- 
ship and beaded the two conservative > 
post-junta administrations. 

New Democratic politicians also 
accuse the Socialists of undermining » 
tbe very democratic values the leftists 
claim to represent. The conservatives " 
say tire Socialists violated the consti- » • 
nationally prescribed secret ballot in » 
order to get their own candidate into 
then residency. 

This dash has led to what has be- - 
come known as the u blue- and -green 2 
coffee-shop phenomenon" — the di- *; : 
virion of each neighborhood and vil- * 
lage into fanatical political t^Lnps * 
whose supporters, like soccer 7ans, ; 
identify with party colors — green for • 
PASOK, blue for New Democracy. 

The “two worlds" scenario, howev* 
or, is now being challenged by a third '■ * 
party — the pro-Moscow Communist i 
Party of Greece, or KKE, a dark- ,* 
horse in the June election race. ^ - 
The KKETs message is that the us- * * 
or- them dilemma posed by PASOK - 
is artificial and that an alternative ’i 
exists — the Communist Party — • 
"for real change" in domestic and ■ 
foreign policy. The Communists' aim * - 
is a role in running Greece through ; 
some son of alliance with PASOK, ' C 
an option the Socialists might have to ' 
ttmrider if they end up in a phoio- 
fimrii with New Democracy. A. 

Greek voters would agree the 
Com m u n ists on one thing — the . , 
chase after the elusive dream of al- 
iaghi is what the 1985 elections will 


again be about. It remains to be seen ,• 
what the voters wiD do: whether they ' 
will give PASOK the second change it • 
seeks, absolve the right of past inade- ■; ’ 
quacies with a renewed mandate, or 
appoint the KKE tire policeman of • ' 

the dream. What Greeks will hope is . 
that whomever they elect to power 
will do something about tomatoes, ; 
and maybe even oranges, loo. 
International Herald Tribune. 

LETTER 

SALT and Sanity v 

How enowraging to read the jSne ■' 

rVdin r Eu * cnc J - CarrQl1 Jr - 
lyP 0 ™ 0 **. to American . 

I7) ^P a § foe United 
Siaus not to exceed the SALT-2 tim- ? 
its ot nuclear weapons. Of course aav ' 

««h increase is incompatible with ■ * 




TrenByctinqutianytinieluxnitto . 1 


wth its imperishable message about te KS 

the tragicnobility of war in the scr- States has a president with the wis- 
wce of free p eople and a just cause. * to guide it towarf an 

P" * /ro/esmr of political shde award 

0* htmuuwl Herald TnbuK. 









1,1 Gr 


! \ v"V 
s i Jor Qia;-? 

t A‘ lf} OS 

**■ i T a ” V; 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


Page 5 


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’ Democrats, 

^ Still Bitter, .. 

S, Are Wary on 

| Foreign Aid 

.■fc\ By Qyde H. Farnsworth 

■Vj^ Hew York Times Serri ee 

t P Sv.^ WASHINGTON — Because it 
“• has no voting constituency, foreign 
'^A. aid is perhaps the most vulnerable 

of ah spending issues that come 
.’’S before Congress. And this year it 

'<>, seems that the peramial Hnm« 

. over how the United States will 
M to bdp foreign countries is being 

N!J played out with more than usual 

r t» passion. 

“Wtfre not prepared to be sand- 
- bagged; we’re not prepared to be 
I'Ui punching bags for the Iitde Lea 1 

'J'* gum on your side of the aisle,!* 

^ Representative David R. Obey, 

' Democrat from Wisconsin, said 

H* . .;. hotly the other day. 

^ __ Mr. Obey, chairman of the 
. House subcommittee on foreign 

“t* operations, was sounding off in 

' L * t*f debate with Treasury Sccrctaiy 

. James A. Baker 3d, a quiet-spoken 
. . Texan. 

Mr. Obey*s aggressiveness grew 
out of a conflict a couple of years 
'iT; ago, when Republicans tried to 

doewer Democrats who were sup- 
.• porting the sending of aid to Hurd 
tr if y World countries. 

The issue then was support lor 
jq,. the Intarnatiaaal Monetary Fund. 

* v A. Republican congressional cam- 
V 1 paign committee averted in tetters 
maned out to the districts that 
Democrats were voting “to give 
«! ii- ■ loans to Communist dictator- 

{t ; steps.” 

^ • The 21 Democrats who had been 
cjJ ' specially targeted by the RepnbBr 

: }. cans were subsequently irate at be- 

i,». ‘ mg forced to explain to cuostitu- 
ents back home tiiat they were 
v- merely balking a bill that President 

Ronald Reagan hinudf bad re- 
C quested. 

The bill was eventually adopted, 
but only after Mr. Reagan had 
thanked each of the targeted Dari- 
ocrats for their support 

To this day, thm^h. some of the 

T. ,J • bitterness fingers. . . 

‘ r 1 * Mr. Obey*s exdtan^e the other 
'J. day with Mr. Baker signaled that 

the Democrats, again to quote me 
;r: of Mr. Obeys metaphors, “will not 

again cany die wato^ for the preri- 
dent in supporting foreign BSfflS- 
.1 tance. 

At issue this time are funding 
' c commitments that the United 

Stales has already made under in- 
ternational agreements to a duster 
*: of agencies that help the Third 

World. Should Washington renege, 
it would beamajorrcveraenotoniy 
for the agencies themselves but also 
. for their constituents in Latin 

“■* America, Asia and Africa. 

• * 4 - The agesdes that _ could be hurt 
•” 1 -. ■ x include the International Bank for. 

Recoustructm and Develbpmeni, 
*■'“* more familiarly known as the 

v . World Bank,.in addition to the In- 

ter-American Development Bank 
~ and the Asian Development Bank: 

One of the Rqmlmcans cm the 
foreign operations subcommittee, 
Representotive Jack Kemp of New 
V York, sought in early May to knock 
$237 miflion from the Reagan ad- 
mmistraiioo’s money ML 

He critized the international 
lending agencies for not having 
;; brought about more tax cuts and 
' . other “supply-side” economic poli- 
cies in die tKXTOwingcaintries and 
for having made loans that often 
compete with private business. 

His measure was adopted, 8-3, 
when most Democrats on the pan- 
el, Mr. Obey in clu ded, joined maw- 
erick Republicans in suppcpling it 

Secretary Baker managed to get 
jibe money restored in a suppfe- 
"mental a^nopnations bill when 
’ the full Apjara^tions Co^^ 
voted last week He had promised 
Republicans that the United States 
would work toward some of the 
changes they want in the institu- 
tions. But the measure still facets 
test on the floor. 


Dynamite Theft in France 

Ageace Frarux-Presie 

PAU. France — Nineteen tons 
of dynamite being shipped by trade 
were stolen Saturday when thieves 
stole the vehicle, winch was parked 
for the night near Pan, in southern 
France, sources said. The expto- 
^sives were en route from a Portu- 
guese factory to West Germany. - 

DOONESBURY 

EXCUSE ME? &TW5 
. ttCAMPUSmUTW 

mAFf&som^ w®, . 

i / /SOfA* JS.UHO 


South Africa Will Allow ?■ 
Mixed Political Parties 


By Alan Cowell smaller groups represent the 4J 

Sew York Tuna Service million white, the Labor Party is 

JOHANNESBURG — The ^ P^P for 2-8 milfion 
South African government has an- mixed racial descent and 

winced its intention to abolish a twjgrties vieforthevote of the 
1968 law prohibiting muhhacutl 80^000 Indians, 
political parties. With the repeal, all those parties 

- The anwYQprpm wir £ahm b»y fnU tech n ically will be able 10 rCCTldt 

lowed a dedskm last mouth to re- P C0 P^ e Trom other racial groups, 
peal laws forbidding marriage and Other legislation, however, such as 
sexual relations between whites Population Registration Act, 



and nonwhite. 

The repeal of (he Prohibition of 
Political Interference Act means 
that political groups whore mem- 


prevents a nonwhite party from 

□autwhite chamber in Parliament 
The announcement Saturday is 





A group of Sontb Korean students shouted anti 
abandoned then* four-day protest at the UA L 


’ormation Service Center in 


Students End SUrln at U.S. Center in Seoul 


berstep was hitherto restricted to to affret only mmonty pai- 
one race may now recruit support- b«outa<te the spectrum of Afnka- 
cra from other races. ^ P 0 * 1 *"*, smee the dominant 

The repeal will not ahor theseg- NaUcma^ Party would betray its 
regaled nature of South Afrffl ow ? .traditions and ideology by re- 
three-chamber Parliamem, which ermting nonwintes. 
offers representation, bulnotpow- Na&er woted it serve black pm- 
er, to people of mixed and Indian P°» for blacks tojom lany of the 
racial descent and ignores the Uack jwtrea now seated in Pwlronent, 
majority of 22 mfllMn people, who since there is no chamber for blacks 
make up 70 percent of theoMmtiy*s and the government has ruled out 

if- r "* tmi rrpofinn r\F ctipK a rnomrw 


The Associated Press 

SEOUL — Students stagng a sit-in at the UR 
Information Service Carter in Seoul ended a four- 
day protest Sunday, leaving the facili ty voluntari- 
ly. < 

About 70 students, who were protesting Ameri- 
can support for the South Korean government, left 
'(he bunding yelling "Down with Chun Doo 
Hwan!” and “Stop supporting the military re- 
gime!” Mr. Own is South Korea’s president 
..; Minutes before the end of the sit-in, two stu- 


dents came out of the four-story budding and read 
a statement saying, “We sincerely apologize for 
having resorted to group action to express our 
position.** 

But they added, “We will carry on our tight 
together with one million fellow students and 40 
million Korean people unless the United States 
stops its support of tire present regime.” 

The students said they were ending tire protest 
because dialogue was not yielding any progress 
and because North Korea could esqdou the dem- 
onstration for propaganda purposes. 


population. 

In a statement, the government 
said that changed circumstances 
had made the 1968 legislation un- 


tire creation of such a chamber, 
the government Critics are likely to assail tire 
d repeal as cosmetic action intended 

8 legislation un- *° reinforce the government’s pro- 





A man identified by Angola as a captured South African 
commando is shown in a hospital in FjmiiA*, Angola. 


necessary. The law was initially do- testations that it has embarked on a 
signed to prevent white liberal par- process of liberalization, 
ties from recruiting non whites into The statement Saturday said that 

their ranks. the political system would continue 

At the present time, political par- to be based on the notion that “all 
ties may be drawn only from the groups most take part in the tied- 
ethnic groaps they are deemed to sion-making process as groups,” re- 


testations that it has embarked on a 

process of liberalization. f t n n - TT*_ _ • 

tV.X Protests to Fretorm, 

to be based on the notion that “all >-v -v* . -» 


represent Thus, the Afrikaners’ inferring notions of con tinned ra- 
dominant National Party and other dal separation. 


Over Raid Into Angola 


Censorship Seen as Crucial to Chile’s State of Siege 


By Don Oberdorfer Luanda, the Angolan capital, to 
Wiofungioti Pm Service “gather information" on guerrilla 

WASHINGTON — The Reagan groups operating against South Af~ 
administration has demandedthat rica. 

South Africa explain a military for- In a message Friday to the Ango- 

ay into northern Angola last week. Imi government. Foreign Minister 
Two South African commandos R-F-B°lba of South Africa asked 
ere killed and another captured for the return of the bodies and the 
resday dose to a Gulf Oil Co. “Ptored commando, 
cflity operated by Americans. He justified the incursion on the 

Tire Angolan Defense Ministry ground that “South African securi- 
ter announced that provisions for ty forces have fdt it neossary to 
De troops had been recovered at ptte mtellim « tire 
e sem^ leading than to believe . of members of the Mncan 
t commandos Imdescaned. National Congress and tire South- 


By Jackson Diehl 

WaSnngoH Post Service 

SANTIAGO — Eadh wedc, the 
editors of Hoy, a news magaziiie 
synyathetic to Chile’s democratic 
opposition, gather to read a letter 
from the militar y government’s di- 
rector of cammumcatioos, Jos6 Mi- 
goel Amendariz. 

The curt -missive from Mr. 

Amendariz, accompanied by 
marked-up copies of the maga- 
zme’spage proofs, ^reOs out winch 
of Hoy’s articles, headlines and pio- 
tnres have been summarily cen- 
sored under the state of siege. 

The resulting file of correspon- 
dence is a remarkable record of 

how the milita ry authorities have 

used their six-manth crackdown, 
nominally imposed to combat ter- 
rorism, to shot Chile’s once- thriv- 
ing independent press. 

While burning six other opposi- AlKnKfn Pinochet 

tkm magazines from appearing, the Augusto rmocnet 

authorities have prohibited Hoy 

from publishing more than 50 arb- government is the first to 
des and have scratched quotations . Increasingly, however, 
f rom public figni K mchidmg the journalists and poGticut 


sure for H«nnhffi>in E the demo- tort, the term “transition” usually 


crane opposition. 

While government repression w™* 
against political opponents has ap- 
peared to be carefully limited m 
recent months, the oradedown on ^ 


refers to the gradual move prom- 


toward a hunted democ- 


more than 50,000 copies sold by wa ’ e killed and another captured 
t»arh rtf wuwral ma gnaog la<tt year. Tuesday dose to a Gulf Ofl Co. 

“Before, there was a kind of po- facility operated by Americans, 
htical dialogue between govern- The Angolan Defense Ministry 
ment and opposition sectors later announced that provisions for 


the press has been the most esten- w l* no longer derated many 
sive since the months after the 1973 omiexL Thus, a headline m Hoy 
mxKtaiy coup. referring to the Soviet Unions 


Inaddhios to dosing the six op- “Sn 
on pdibcs and other subjects that 


Now, however, the word appears through the press,” said Marcelo nine troops bad been recovered at 
to be no longo' tolerated m any Contreras, the director of the the scene, leading than to believe 
context. Thus, a headline in Hoy banned magazine APSL "Without six commandos had estmp e d 
referring to the Soviet Union s us, there has been no dialogue or The Angolan press agency 


ns, there has been no dialogue or The Angolan press agency, AN- 
national debate. GOP, said the commandos had 

Even more important, moderate planned to sabotage the oil com- 


Th* a-imi,,'. avi West Africa rtople’s Organization 

^r-““ kea ™“ 

aimed to sabotage the ofl com- . . . . A1 

hl [Angolas foragn minister, Al- 

a if c p, • ya fonso Van Dundn, has rdected the 

r\ _P r CP £ l ^ n ' South African request, lueAssod- 
ated Press repotted trom Luanda. 
Ld Pnday tf ml lhe UA reaction p*. Van Dunta, in a speech 
theSonthJ^ran ndhtaiyrai- Satuiday, demanded an n^anT 
d f> l «s u ra. and tion frein South AJrica. He said: 
« b aa been matfe known to the -The Angolan government notes 
etona government. that it has not received any propos- 

Other UR officials expressed al from South Africa and has no 


tight cause “public alarm.” 

To enforce the guid elines, rank- 


ing. In the latter case, it turned out, 
the write u n w i t tingly had referred 
to irinifapr iwi students as “chfl- 


ing government officials have tde- dim in a stage of transition." 
phoned Chilean newspapers and “The idea of the authorities 
radio and television stations, often seems to be to show that they have 
on a daily basis, totfetate bow Ste control over the media 
news should be covered. News or- and that we have no chance to work 
gamzations that dispute the orders independently,” said Mr. FUippL 
have been threatened with shut- “Sothey not only censor ns, but 


opposition parties have found that piex. 

A u s - State Department 
pother. largely has been de- ^1^5 that the UAiSda 

that it has been made towi to the 

centrist Democratic Alfianoe. Other UR officials expressed 

Many journalists and political constellation about what appeared 


Many journalists and political consternation about what appeared intention of discussing this ques- 
leaders here now say they believe to o® Uan nnfnendly act by a sup- tion within the next few days.”] 
that General Pinochet’s govern- pospdly friendly government,” es- The U.S. ambassador, H 


mrjnrifng the journalists and potitidans argue tion about the opposition, human 
te, George P. that the curtailment of free speech rights, somesocial initiatives by the 


a. Asia and Africa. U5. secretary of state, George P. uuu me cunaumeui oi rcec spcccn ’T'. . r y rr mg two mimw 

amides that could be hurt Shultz,' members of the militaiy’s *“* emierapd as the most important Roman Qiihote; Oxurdh and mti- Their combined 
: thelnteiiafional Bank for own junta and Chile's 19th centmy i^pect oTPSeddenl Augusto Pino- cal analysns of the detenoratmg ,«ve^is bdieved I 


independence hero, Bernardo cbct ’ s luod-Knc campaign, as wefl 


fyHi gpim as the primary motive for the gov- o ne s sou publishing have suffered 

ME^imdariz, who did not re- erameat’s move this month to ex- a wecqxtous drop in rraderstep, 
spend to several interview requests, '*«* state of siege for three and rumra-passmg has become a 
recently tdd (he dulwwi magazine , nianths. ncgor activity in the capitaL 

Cosas that the emsorship was neo- “Censorship is practically the Hoy’s editors say there is one 


rs and ntaga-- ^000 copies, in contrast to the liberahzatian. 
have suffered - ■ m. 


that General Pinochet's govern- pcspdty menaiy government, es- The U.S. ambassador, Herman 

ment will seek to maintain the me - pcdally since it could have sabo- Nickel, was instructed to lodge a 

dia restrictions indefinitely. Facing toged not only a UR-operated^tel strong protest in Pretoria, Sate 
strong pressure to lift the state of icstallaticHi but also the peace ini- Draartmeni sources said. 

j siege, government officials are be- Qa ^ rvc 111 southern Africa spon- In Washington, the South Afri- 
can destine news buDetins, indud- Heved to be planning new decrees sore< ^ hy the United States. can ambassador, Bernard us G. 

mg two mimeographed dailies, that win allow them to continue South African military spokes- Fourie, was summoned to the State 

Their combined circulation, how- banning and censoring media while men at first denied knowledge of Department to hear a similar pro- 

formally satisfying the demand for the group, then acknowledged that test from senior officials, the 
liberalization. a small intelligence unit was near sources said. 


downs, according to several local they do it in an entirely arbitrary ment will seek to maintain the me- P^^ally smee it could have sabo- Nickel, was instructed to lodge 

editors. way." dia restrictions indefinitely. Facing taged not only a UR-operated_enl strong protest in Pretoria, Sta 

The result has been a nearly Journalists of the banned maga- strong pressure to lift the stale of installation but also the peace ini- Draartmeni sources said, 

complete blackout of all informs- yinps defiantly have started four siege, government officials are be- battle m southern Africa spon- In. Washington, the South Ah 


to be no more than formally satisfying the demand for the group, then acknowledged that 


a small intelligence unit was near 


Cosas that the censorship was neo- “Censorship is practically tb 
essary “to put an end to what could only motive foe the state of siege. 


wdl be caBcd \eibal terrorism.’ said Eimlio HKppi, Hoy’s manag- varia 
. “Liberty of expression,” he add- ing director. “As it turned out, that cense 
ed, “is a superior value that the has been the most effective mea- tnaa 


major activity in the capitaL 

Hoy’s editors say there is one 
particular word that has almost in- 


Polish Parly Official Granted Asylum in Denmark 


y drawn a stroke from their 
s yellow felt-tipped pen: 


transition. In Chile's 


Rauen The sources said Mr. Zunnidri’s three-month sentence for a Solidar- obey 

COPENHAGE N — ■ A member defection was probably more for ity activist, Seweryn Jaworski, who were 
of the Central Committee of Po- personal than political reasons, and was convicted of taking oart in a In 


: orders to disperse and 
and released. 


41 Years in Hiding Ends in Ukraine 


land’s Co mm u n ist Party has been that his expulsion from the party 
granted political asylum in Den- was because of his flight to the 
mark with his wife and two other West 


ical reasons, and was convicted of taking part in a 
from the party separate protest on May Day. 
is flight to the The three-judge panel said Mr. 


In overruling the lower court, 
Chief Judge Julia Zdunczyk said 
there was “no justification” for 


family members. 


Jaworskfs sentence should be up- sentencing Mr. Koran. 


Mr. Zi mn i cki , a former steel- held because be bad taken part in a “There is no doubt that he took 


The Associated Pms worked hard an tbelocaloc 

MOSCOW — Throughout 41 farm, 
years of fear Pavel Navrotsky vea- No rare knew that, three 
tured outside only once, in the dead day, she pushed food thr 
of nigh* and disguised in women’s hole in the bam wall to fi 
dotiupg. husband. 

His neighbors in the Ukrainian The secret came to lag] 
village of Sarazheotsi had long pre- after she died this year. Asti 


The Danish justice minister, Erik worker, was elected to the 200- “socially dangerous’* danons tra- part in the demonstration,” the 
Nmn- Hans e n , said Saturday that member Central Committee in July tion and because he Had ignored court Mid, “but it has not been 


worked hard an the local collective Mr. Navrotsky aske 
farm. trembling voice if Ire 

No rare knew that, three times a isbcd,Neddya said, 
day, she pushed food through a But “nobody could punish him 

hole in the bam wall to feed her as much as his own 

husband. newsoaoer said. It i 


, T ... ... , . Jozef Zimnicki, a member of the 1981. • 

Mr. Navrotsky asked m a slurred, Pq]^ Central Committee, had de- An official of Denmark’s For- 
trenuMmgymce n be would be pun- faded in Copenhagen with his fam- dm Ministry said he did not be- 


The secret came to light only rotsky was so paralyzed by fear 
after she died this year. Astonished that m his one raray into the out- 


«« mrUTThic mdu was living at a secret address contacted Denmark concerning the 

as modi as his oro fear did, fle in eastern Denmark. He offered no defection, 
nwgaper said. It raidNfir. Nav- reg^ f or their defections. m OnJ.^ritv Arfviwr fWI 

rotsky was so paralyzed by fear Govemmaii ofDdais said the “™y Aflraer need 
that m his one foray mto the out- of Mr KnmfeK on., of A Warsaw district court ordered 


action during Worid War IL with a beard to his waist. 

Bui Mr. Navrotsky had surren- Apparently unused to speaking, 

dered to the invading Gennans in 

1941, after just one day at the bat- . c TT e 

tlefront, the weekly newspaper Ne- JygSlMCF 9RYS U .5 
ddya reports in its latest edition. . J J 
■Nazi occupiers of the southern SlMMIlfl indlUlP. 


tantedtothebam. since Worid Ward, was kept secret ^ mnorat afrefim^ to 

Mr. Navrotsky, 74, was not for three months at his request }eBcvc . m ^ Day demon- 
charged with any crime. He was Mr. Zimnidri was expefled from “^Associated «ess re- 
treated at the local hospital and the Polish Communist Party on “ om Warsa ^- . . . 

r ^1 1 _ . . . .... J _ The rairo Am » r( lafar tmkaM n 


police orders to leave. proved that he disobeyed the police 

Mr. Jaworski, 54, one of the lead- orders.” 
ers of the outlawed Solidarity It noted the orders to disperse 
union, was sentenced on May 2 by were given while Mr. Kuron was 
a misdemeanor court. Mr. Kmon negotiating with police to end the 
had also been sentenced to a three- march, 
month prison term. Mr. Kuron. 51, is a founder of 

Mr. Kuron had been accused of the disbanded Workers* Commit- 
ignoring police orders to leave a tee for Self-Defense, or KOR. a 
march (hat began after a Mass at workers’ rights group. 

Sl Stanislaw Kostka Church. Another Solidarity activist, Hen- 

More than 15,000 Solidarity sup- ryk Wujec, was sentenced Thnrs- 


ddya reports in its latest edition. 

■Nazi occupiers of the southern 
Ukraine let him retain home, 
wiflsehe lived peacefaHy until So- 
viet troops recaptured the territory 
In 1944. 

Then Mr. Navrotsky hid in his 
bam, where he remained for 41 
years, threatening to kQl Us wife, 
Praskovya, if she betrayed him. 


now fives openly at home. May 14 and accused of “betraying 

Similar stones have appeared oc- the pri nc iples gniding the party " 
casfcmaHy in the Soviet press, re- Western diplomats and Polish 
vealing the fear of deserters who poEtical sources in Warsaw said he 
knew that severe punishment was a member of the Katowice Fo- 
a waited those who had. betrayed mm, a faction *h a * «im«t for a 
their ho m el and Off collaborated more orthodox form of rule than 
with the Nazis. thn< provided by the government of 

The newspaper KOTKranokdcOTa General Wqjdech JamzdskL 
Pravda ported m 1974 that Vastly The Katowice Forum empha- 


mil In Armfi Talks that “ vere pnn^lui 

ID ilTIUS IdthS awaited those who had betn 

The Associated Press their homeland or coHabor 

THE HAGUE — Henry A. Ks- wi± the Nazis. 
smgCT, a former UR secretary erf Ttes^ newspaper ^ EoomimaU 

state, says that the Reagan admin- ftgwda reported m 1974 that Vi 


uted from Warsaw. tion and at least 40 were arrested. 

The same court later upheld a Many were cravicted of refusing to 


in the demonstra- day to three months in 


dmg an 
police. 


istration should indude its Strate- surrendered to the sized Maitral amtrol by thepolilbu- 


carefuHy whenever she left and “The levd of ifcfemive forces is ^ fca ™g 

- related to the level of offensive would be killed. 


influence in recent months, the 
Warsaw sources said. 


sajrsum.MM smimr. 
cu>Ma&mrmu. jumnws 
THXmXUmfT MEIN ON 
BEABieTDOSBfiN VOMIEER 

rr^<smh samim 

yxm Hm f 1TA 




forces,” Mr. - Kissinger said at a 

press conferajce Saturday after the 

SSSaKasr' " w “ Rani Borras Is Dead at 51; 

“I do not believe we should sepa- 

Argentine Defense Minister 

discuss now what the admimstra- ° 

tipn Tiimc said it will di<mwi later.” Ream ago and returned to the hospital for 

Ahhough the Reagan adminis- BUENOS AIRES — Defease soother operation on May 18. 
tratkm has said it will proceed with Minister Raul Borris, 51, who was He was a leader, with Mr. Aifcn- 
research on the space-based de- re^jonable far reo rganizin g At- sin, of the Movement of Renova- 
fense system, it has refused to sob- gentma’s armed locoes after eaght tion and Change, a faction of the 
nut h to ongoing arms control ne- years of nrifitaiy rale, died Sarar- ruling Radical Party that played an 
gotiations with the Russians, day, the Defense Ministry said important rde in the party’s dec- 
pending completion of research to Sunday. tion victory in 1983. 

establish -its feasibility. Mr. Bonis, one of President There was no immediate indica- 

During the conference, Mr. Kis- Raul Alfontin’s closest aides, un- tkm of who would succeed Mr. 
singer said that West Eurcpeanna- derwent hmg surgery six months Bonis. 


In Colombo 

our location is perfect for business. 
Even if your business is watching 
a beautiful ocean sunset. 

HOTEL CEYLON 
ENTER* CONTINENTAL 


rating Radical Party that played an 
important rde in the party’s elec- 
tion victory in 1983. 

There was no immediate indica- 


tions should not be pressed further 
tojom the project, lor fear of tead- 
ing to “recriminations” among the 



m. I'M BLOCKADE 
h miAGEfUH£S 

^ mam . 


rniwrsme 

-mmwmz 

ONTHEmBOUS 
HAVE AN 0900 
itismzMH 
TUFISANPmS! 


“If the Europeans want il, they 
should respond,” Mr. Kisshiger 
said. If they do not want it, he 
added, the United States should 
proceed alone. 


Vi 


BROADCASTING TO CABLE COMMNE5 
IN EUROPE & THE UK VIA SATaUTE 

TEuropes Best View" 


: . "a • V • ^ 


Untied Press International 

BERLIN — East Goman bor- 
der maids opened fire Saturday at 
(he Berlin wall to capture a man 
trying to flee lo^ West Beriio, poKce 
in West Berlin reported. They said 
the man appar ently was not hit and 
that he surrendered to the East 
German gttands. 


! PROGRAM. MONDAY 27th MAY 

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THE ADVANTAGE IS INTER-CONTINENTAL* 

0.INTER-CONTTNENTAL HOTELS 

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For reservations call: Hong Kong: 5-8440311/3, 

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or call your nearest Inter-Continental sales office. 







































































a? — 




; *b?_ 

72 *— ' * c 

•"V* i 

**{-—?>* 


' *,.V 


• -- . ' ,; • ;. ' •• . ■» 


MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


amlh^Sribttnc. 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 


Page 7 


r . 


-»-•* 1- p 

Ikjll , 
‘ 


Dealers Move to Improve 
1 Sell-Regulation Methods 


For Weak. Endad May 22 

VSS IS farm, Ktn Inst. — 11-07 % 

U.SS Inns term, Ind. 11-58 % 

UAS medium term. Ind. - 11JM % 

CoriS medium term 1124 % 

French Fr. short term — H-M % 
sterling medium term — llJOS % 
Yen medium term, IntllnsL 7.12 % 
Yen Is term. iriN Inst. — . . 7.12 % 

ECU Short term M7 % 

ECU medium term 9-51 % 

ECU long term 9.72 % 

EUA long term — 9-05 % 

LuxF med term Inti inst 972 % 

LuxF medium term 9.66 % 

Catcutatmt try H» Uammhaura Stop* £*• 
cha item. 

Market Turnover 
For Week Ended May 23 
(MltMM of UJ. Dollars) ^MHtonor 
Total Oogar MmMmimt 
Cede! 15.1404 12212.1 27283 

Euroctew 2&ASQJ3 2U7U 12KS 


ByORLGEWIRTZ 

International Herald Tribune 

H ELSINKI — The members of thd Association of Inter- 
national Bond Dealers, at t hd tr annual meeting here 
last week, overwhelmingly approved a proposal by the 
board to restructure die or ganiz ation into a more 
effective self-regulatory body. Founded m 1969 to bring order to 
the chaos then prevailing in the trading of Fjir o* *wirfc, the 
organization has since become largely a sotial body aimed at 
promoting friendly relations between members. 

The social function, which, will wwirimie, is not unimportant 
The market spans the globe — — — ■ ■ 

• and intermediaries who not- Eurobond Yields 
-J mally transact business on For w«ok Endad Mery 22 
the telephone do need an op- u.&s is term, hm inst. — nm % 
pnmmvwpn'a&reou'fc "35 

voice they deal With. cans medium term TIM % 

But the rule -making an- Fnencti Fr. short term — 111)4 % 

the future be greatly en- yen ig term, inn inst. 7 . 12 % 

hanced by the proposed ecu short term fc47 % 

changes. Specific proposals ecu mediuratorm % 

to this effect will be put to eSaSSK -— ms % 
the membership at an ex.- luxf med term inti inst 972 % 
fra or dinar y tO be LuxF medium term 9.46 % 

held in LandrmcraDec. 13. ^ 

The general outline, as » 
v spelled emt at the annual f™*? TuiT iover. 

’ meeting in Helsinki, is to 

transfer authority from the - o**r*i£iS5E5 

annual general meeting to cmm 15,1404 12212.1 22215 

the board. In tbe future, after Eurocieor. raosoa 25774* 27755 

consultation with regional ; : 

committees established in the major market centers, the board 
will, promulgate rules governing tbe functioning of the market 
and the annual assembly win function as an opportunity for the 
membership to veto the actions of the board. 

The aim is to speed np the response time to market practices 
that need to be policed. Under the present arrangement, rule 
changes can be adopted only once a year at the annual meeting. 

At the same time, the character of the governing board will also 
change. Currently, board members are elected by region in what 
are largely popularity contests. In tbe future, a nominating 
committee mil be responsible for proposing candidates although 
other proposals will also be acceptable. 

ft, 

- f 1 1 HE aim is to construct a board that represents not only the 
I geographic span of the market but also the varying func- 
J- tions (X participants. These tasks may be compkmentaxj 
as with primary-market originators of new issues ana secondary- 
market traders, or competitive, as between market makers who 
commit their capital to warehousing papa* and brokers who 
match buyer and seller without necessarily taking a position 
themselves. 

The AIBD board expects that the no minating procedure will 
ensure a high professional quality of its membership. Under 
present procedures, the most competent are not always willing to 
put themselves forward for election out of fear of bang rqected 
and incurring a h umilia tion for themselves or theiT firms. 

The final kg of the proposed reform is to turn the regional 
groupings away from there role as almost exclusively social 
gatherings into consultative bodies »g««n«f which the board can 
bounce its proposed policy rulings: 

-c The Eurobond market, where an estimated $300 billion of 
• ' securities are outstanding has had a good record in not abusing 
investors. Nevertheless, scandal has touched the market with a 
band of accused of trading bonds at fictitious prices and 
pocketing the difference among themsdves.^ As the board noted, 
however, no rules can prevent corrupt individuals from trying to 

Nevertheless, the meeting in Helsinki adopted a rule change 
obliging dealers to signal trades that are executed at prices that 
are “outride the market". 

Abuses that are less dear-cut — such as failure to inform that 
interest payments may he subject to wit hholdin g tax or may be 
suspended under special circumstances — are yet to be ad- 
dressed. _ 

Overall, the commitment to upgrade the muscle of the AIBD 
was made manifest not only by the approval of the structural 
change but also by the level of the bankas attending this meeting. 
The annual meeting usually is considered a boondoggle for weary 
traders deserving at a two-day, company-paid drinking spree, but 
this year's meeting was notable for the number of senior invest- 
(Cowtiimed on Page 9, CoL 1) 


Last Week’s Markets 

AB figures era as of dose of trading Friday 


Stock Indexes 

United States 

LmtWk. PravJNK. CtPgw 

DJ Indus 130177 ‘ 12BS34 +129% 

DJ Util 14178 16475 —148% 

DJTronfc- CP -55 02634 +021% 

S8.P100 — 18249 18137 +1.17% 

S&P500 18829 18742 +020% 

NYSE CP— 10037 WM8 -0.10% 

soon*: mdrttaMWafSpeurMes 

Britain 

FTSE100— 121270 UM -«% 

FT 30 99770 W0130 —IDS* 

HnnpKong 

Hong Sene. 17*44 1*4748 -M9% 


Money Rates 

Ui>ted States 


nm-raintrnt u 7V3 7Vt 
Federal funds rnft_ . 77/M 715/M 

Prune rote. — .. 10 TO 

Japan 

P frc Bunt , 5 5 

Cal I money 6 61/M 

60-day In tertXMik^ 65/16 6% 

WcstGensm 


OvmW 5 545 

l-«nonttilntert»nk~. 5% 5 80 

Britain 


Bank bare raft. 

Coll money 

3-montn interbank— 


T2V5 12% 

12% 12% 

12% 12% 


Tllkkel DJ — 059180 1141930 +M>% 

WeriGeraany 

Commerxbk 1303.80 126470 +109% 

Sam: jcnafCMSOuLaxtaL 


Onrency Rates 


Mm 

■ 

c 

DJM. 

ejp. 

ItL 

BWr. 

May 2* 
■Jt. S7=. Yen 

ia 

on 

112175- 

3UK m 

1170" 

■ 

53»- 13121* 

13160 y 


JW» 

30131 


USE" 

T7JQS 

: 23J3) 

1474* 

urn 

12SK 

uw 

— 

327B- 

l»« 

aua* 

4J67* uuo* 

mis- 


i m 

llJitt 

24M43 

tins 

703 UMS 

sion 

1MJ8 

Z4854B 

ouo 

mu 

— ■ 

son 

31722 73*20 

72a 

\ __ 

0JM« 

sen 

*M 

V713B 

i e 

4235 . 2408 

25075 

a tux 

1IJ» 

185 

_ 

477** 

27DB 

15.1475* 1421 

3732* 

35L4B 

um 

31UX 

B1J7 

2U0 

nn» 

TIM 

40M7* *7XJ 

— — 

vta 

M.J0 * 

27JB* 

U38 a 

7155 ■ 

4X8 1 

UB44* 

87313 

15731 

2201 

4JD91 

1X3073 

15*3 

VUS 

1B2209 

wroi 

07*11 

U61T2 

M6H 

U9M1 

3**1 

415BI . 1570 



VZ"- *■ 


Lear Fails 
In Project 
In Ulster 

Fan-Jet Plants 
To Shut Down 


Compiled be Owr Staff Fran Daptoeha 

BELFAST — Lear Fan Aircraft 
Co.’s project to buQd a revolution- 
azy jet plane in Northern Ireland 
has collapsed at a cost to the British 
government of some $71.8 million, 
officials said Saturday. 

Britain’s Nor thern Ireland Of- 
fice said that work on the executive 
eight-place jet bad ended at Lear 
Fan’s two plants in Northern Ire- 
land, and that the remaining 20 
workers would be laid off and the 
plants dosed. Lear Fan was also 
laying off the 200 workers at its 
plant in Reno, Nevada, the office 
said. 

Britain invested money in the 
project starting in 1979 bribe hope 
of creating jobs in Northern Ire- 
land, where strife has 

boiled for 16 years and one-fifth of 
the work force is unemployed. 

In a similar firiTnr e, John Z. De 
Lorean's mens car plant in Belfast 
dosed in 1982 after swallowing ip 
the equivalent of $140 minion in 
British government investment 

Rhodes Boy son. Northern Ire- 
land’s industry minister, said he 
had been interned by i e*r Fan's 
parent company that the board had 
decided at a treating on Friday in 
Angeles to halt operations. 

This followed repeated failures 
to get airworthiness certificates 
from theU-S. Federal Aviation Ad- 
ministration for prototypes of the 
turboprop craft The plane, made 
of lightweight carbon fiber, was de- 
signed to mmtnmp less than half 
the fuel needed by conventional 
executive jets while flying almost as 
fast. 

The British government had 
hoped that production of the Lear 
Fan jet, powered by two turbines 
driving a single rear-mounted pro- 
peller, would eventually create 
2,800 jobs in Northern Ireland. 

But the work force never exceed- 
ed 350. Most of the employees at 
the plants at Newtownabbey on the 
outskirts of Belfast and in nearby 
County Antrim were laid off last 
year. ' 

In 1982, the project was rescued 
by an injection of more than $35 
million by a Saudi A rabian consor- 
tium. Last year, the British govern- 
ment said it would put no more 
money into Lear Fan. 

Lear Fan had said it had more 
than 100 orders for the jet, which 
was to have sold far about S1.8 
million. 

The company had picked North- 
ern Ireland for the plants after fail- 
ing to find funds in die United 
States. 

Lear Fan was the final inmire- 
tion of William Lear, the U.S. in- 
ventor who pioneeered the car ra- 
dio, the eight-trade tape cartridge 
and the executive jet He died in 
1978. (AP, Paaers, ) 




AMC Will Close 
U.S. Plant, Shift 
Output to France 



lha VtadanOsn ta 

An idle steel plant in Youngstown, Ohio, a casualty of tbe industry’s changes. 

Failed U.S. Steelmakers Fight Back 


By Daniel F. Cuff 

New York Tima Senriec 

NEW YORK— When Whed- 
ing-Pifisburgh Steel Coip. en- 
tered bankruptcy proceedings 

last month, it may have appeared 
that the rest of tbe industry 
would benefit by getting rid of 
some big competition. 

But Wheehng-Pitt is far from 
dead. In fact, if it can escape 
liquidation mj<i reorganize suc- 
cessfully under Chapter II of 
federal bankruptcy laws, it may 
be reborn, with much lower 
costs, as a formidable competi- 
tor. With its stock bolding up at 
$8.25 as ot Friday, company 
shareholders seem to be betting 
that a comeback is in the cards. 

It is not a wild gamble, given 
today's sted industry. The Pitts- 
burgh-based steel company, so 
far the largest steelmaker to file 
for protection from creditors un-' 
dor Chapter 11, is just one of a 
number of seriously ailing steel 
companies that have refused to 
give up the ghost- 

Smce 1981, McLouth Sted 
Coip., Phoenix Steel Corp^ 
Wrirton Steel Co., California 
Steel some units of Bethlehem 
Sted Carp, and Seattle Sted 


have managed to hang on against 
heavy odds. Most were reformed 
ot rein vigors ted by bankruptcy- 
inspired cost-cutting, spin-offs, 
employee buyouts and renegoti- 
ated labor contracts. 

The reborn companies only 
dot the vast landscape of steel 
representing perhaps less than 10 
percent of the industry's sales. 
Bui, with their production costs 
slashed out of necessity, they 
have begun to intimidate and in- 
fluence their healthier and bigger 
brethren. 

: Now, along with imports and 
domestic sted mini milk th»i of- 
ten use nonunion labor, the ma- 
jor companies have to worry 
about competition from enter- 
prises that have failed and are 
the better for it — particularly in 
the area of labor costs. 

“As long as sted prices stay as 
competitive as they are,” said 
Frederick W. Gander, steel con- 
sultant for Arthur D. Little Inc, 
“the existence of these compa- 
nies constitutes a sig nifican t 
threat" to the major UA steel- 
makers. 

They couki, however, be a sig- 
nificant help to the industry, too, 
according to some analysts. The 


failing companies are mawaging 
to wring wage and work-rule 
concessions from the once- 
mighty United Steelworkers, 
thereby weakening labor’s grip 
on an industry where that was 
just a management dream a few 
yean ago. 

As a result, steel is starting to 
lode to some like the U-S. an to 
industry just before its turn- 
around four years ago. Like 
many sted companies today, 

a|*io <ran pnmes then am* in dm- 

fwwnrial straits and had to cut 
costs drastically, incl uding labor 
costs. 

“The auto companies had 
done a great deal of cost-cut- 
ting," said Charles A. Bradford, 
sted analyst at Merrill Lynch. 
And both industries, be said, 
benefit from labor concessions 
on the cost side. 

Mr. Bradford expects the 


unions to play 
mining who w 


ora expects tne 
a key role in deter- 


mining who wiB survive in sted. 
“They are giving wage conces- 
sions tO inefficien t companies, 
which makes them the low-cost 
prodneers,” he said. 

“In recent years and recent 
months, we have been through 
(Continued on Page 9, CoL 6) 


By Warren Brown 
Washington Pm Senice 

SOUTHFIELD, Michigan — 
American Motors Coip. has an- 
nounced that it mil dose its last 
remaining car assembly plant in the 
United States, a tum-of- the-centu- 
ry facility in Kenosha, Wisconsin, 
and shift at least some of the lost 
output to plants of its controlling 
shareholder, tbe French automaker 
Renault. 

AMC the fourtWargest U.S. 
automaker, attributed the decision 
to a refusal by its uninniMd work- 
ers in Kenosha to grant contract 
concessions. 

Tbe company said on Friday 
that it would dose the plant by July 
1, 1986, and a related pans plant in 
Milwaukee by Sept. 16 of this year. 
Between 6,000 and 7,000 jobs 
would be diminated as pan of an 
AMC program to cut costs by 25 
poceni that will also do away with 
800 white-collar jobs. 

AMC is 46.4-percent owned by 
Renault, and small-car imports 
from the French state-owned auto 
manufacturer could be used to 
make up lost U.S. car production, 
AMC officials said. AMC has also 
raised the possibility of adding pro- 
duction in Canada, where it has a 
plant in Brampton, Ontario. 

Renault has pumped $545 mil- 
lion into AMC since buying a con- 
trolling interest in the UB. compa- 
ny in 1979. 

“They're not about to let that 
investment go down tbe drain," 
said Arvid Jouppi of Arvid Jouppi 
and Associates, Detroit-based mar- 
ket analysts. 

“They’re sacrificing blue-collar 
and white-collar jobs. They’re mak- 
ing all of the hard choices. They’re 
determined to make American Mo- 
tors profitable,’' he said. 

Jose J. Dedeurwaerder, die 23- 
year Renault veteran who is presi- 
dent and chief executive officer of 
AMC, explained: “If Renault 
wants to be a worldwide manufac- 
turer, they have to be in the U.S.” 


The United States, with 10.4 mil- 
lion car sales in 1984, is the world's 
largest automotive market. 

AMC lost S29 million in the first 
three months of 1985. That loss 
ended five quarters of modest prof- 
itability, capped by net earnings of 
S15.5 million in 1984. AMC 
dropped a total of 5622.5 million 
from 1980 through 1984. 

Renault lost $172 million in 
1982, S189 minion in 1983, and 
$1.3 billion in 1984. The losses have 
renewed French unions' demands 
that Renault abandon AMC and 
jettison its global ambitions, de- 
mands that Renault is resisting. 

AMC tang has been plagued 
with the misfortune of having one 
base car tine: the Rambler in the 
1950s and 1960s, then in the 1970s 
the Hornet, Javelin, Gremlin and 
the ill-fated bubble-shaped Pacer. 

AMC spat just 1.8 percent of its 
revenues on product development 
between 1960 and 1980. 

The company sought to expand 
its line in 1970 by buying Kaiser- 
Jeep Corp., maker of Jeeps and 
their derivatives. 

Today, Jeeps are selling well, 
while AMCs lone conventional car 
line — the Renault-designed Alli- 
ance-Encore models — suffered a 
fall in sales of 31.5 percent in tbe 
first four months of this year. 

AMC must now sell 450.000 cars 
and Jeeps a year to recover ex- 
penses, according to Renault and 
AMC officials. The company 
wants to Iowa that break-even 
point to 350,000 cars and Jeeps by 
October 1987. 

AMC’s worldwide sales last year 
were 442,000 units. 

■ Quebec's Bid 

The government of Qudiec prov- 
ince has proposed becoming a part- 
ner in American Motors to attract 
an assembly plant or assembly sub- 
contracting to Quebec, the provin- 
cial finanrE minister, Yves Du- 
haime, said in Paris on Sunday, 
according to Agence France- 
Prcsse. 


Clive Sinclair: Inventor Now Seeks Cure for Financial Woes 

By Bob Hagerty knowledged during the weekend, stared at the carpet, leaving a re- leap" — has proved to be more of a just a quieter market i 

International HmS Tribune „A spokesman said that the two porter to study tbe tanned and plodder. The machine was sup- expected," he said. 


I/uernaaonal Hernia Tribune 

LONDON — Sir Clive Smdair, 
recently described by a British 
newspaper as “one of the most pro- 
digious inventors since Leonardo,” 
likes to talk about fifth-generation 
computers and mi rafte microchips. 

At the moment, however, the 44- 
year-old British entrepreneur is be- 
ing forced to disenss such mundane 
matters as strained finances. 

dair ResSrSSd bam ban so 
weak lately that the company has 
had to ask two of its mam suppli- 
ers, Thom EMI PLC and Timex 
Coip., to allow an extension on 
payments due, the company ac- 


knowledged during the weekend. 

. >t A spokesman said that the two 
suppliers had agreed, and that Sin- 
clair, which has about £5 million 
($6.29 million) in debt, was confi- 
dent that tbe extension would re- 
solve its “rather tight" cash situa- 
tion. 

At tbe same time, a Sfcparate Sin- 
clair company, Sinclair Vehicles 
LtrL, has generated more snickers 
than sales with its new battery- 
powered three-wheeler, ridiculed 
by some as an “electric dog.” 

Considering the circumstances, 
Sr Clive does not relish press at- 
tention. During an interview last 
week, he sat clenched on the edge 
of a beige sofa in his beige office m 
London's Belgravia district He 


stared at the carpet, leaving a re- 
porter to study tbe tanned and 
freckled expanse surrounded by his 
fringe of reddish hair. In midsen- 
tence, Sir Give interrupted himself 
to order a “cheese and salad" for 
lunch. 

Since founding his hone com- 
puter business in 1979, Sir Give 
noted impatiently, he had built up 
a business with annual rales of 
around £100 million. Tbe company 
boasts that it has sold more than 
five million home computers. Last 
winter, however, sales of such ma- 
chines plunged, and Sinclair Re- 
search is burdened with huge in- 
ventories. 

Sinclair's QL computer — intro- 
duced last year as a “quantum 


leap” — has proved to be more of a 
plodder. The machine was sup- 
posed to appeal to the sophisticat- 
ed home user as well as the small 
businessman, but sales have fallen 
far short of Sir Clive’s goals. 

Analysts say that there is too 
little business software available to 
nm on the QL, whose operating 
system is nonstandard. (During the 
interview. Sir Clive’s secretary was 
working al an Olivetti word proces- 
sor.) In addition, said Harry Hoyle 
of Inteco Coip., a London market 
research firm. Sinclair does not 
provide the kind of “hand-holding" 
service that businessmen want. 

For his part. Sir Clive rqected 
the idea that his products might be 
partly to blame for slow sales. “It’s 


just a quieter market than anybody 
expected," he said. 

Sinclair Research is introducing 
the QL in Europe and the Middle 
East and plans to sell it in tbe 
crowded US. market through mail 
order. Early next year, Sr Clive 
said, the company expects to intro- 
duce a powerful portable computer 
“light enough to tuck into a brief- 
cast” 

Sinclair Research's pocket-sized 
television sets, introduced in 1983, 
also have had a slow start. Sir Clive 
said that production problems have 
been overcome and he predicted 
stremg mail-order demand from the 
United States. 

Nonetheless, when it reports re- 

(Continued on Page 9, CoL 1) 


Bankers Recommend Delays 
Of Brazil's Debt Repayment 


New Issue 


All of these bonds having been sold, this announcement appears as a matter of record only. 


May 1985 


Dofar Larwfc mi». on* 

Bk Engl Index 14108 T4SOO +027% 

Gold 

London pun. flats 31470 32250 — 248% 

aeemOoaUdabtKa CStontltwaJoaa Qsxt 


Reuters 

NEW YORK — International 
bankas announced Saturday that 
they would recommend a 90-day 
extension of a moratorium on prin- 
dpal repayments of Brazil's public 
sector debt, banking officials said, 

WilEam Rhodes of Citibank, 
head of a 14-bank committee nego- 
tiating with the Brazilian govern- 
ment, said in a statement that he 
also would recommend to creditor 
banks that agreements covering 
$16 trillion in trade and interbank 
facilities be extended past Friday’s 
scheduled expiration. 

Brazil, whose overall foreign 
debt of $102.4 billion is the devel- 
oping world's laigest, requested tbe 
extensions so it could complete 
talks with tite International Mone- 
tary Fund on an economic pro- 
gram. 

Mr. Rhodes told the creditor 
banks that Brazilian officials bad 
agreed in a .May 10 meeting with 


the IMPs managing director, Jac- 
ques de Larositre, that an IMF 
team would visit Brazil this month. 

He said that agreement on tbe 
extension was reached last week 
during talks between the bank 
committee and a Brazilian delega- 
tion that included Antonio f^«ni« 
Lemgruber, president of Brazil’s 
central bank. 

The talks woe part of an ongo- 
ing effort to restructure Brazilian 
debt coming due in 1985 and later. 
The final package is expected to 
cava approximately $45 billion in 
foreign loans. 

The bank committee first en- 
dorsed the repayment moratorium 
and other temporary arrangements 
after the IMF suspended loan dis- 
bursements to Brazil in February. 

The disruption of the IMF pro- 
gram is expected to lead to a shbrt- 
faD this year of more than $ 1 bilbos 
in BntriFs receipts from the IMF 
and the World Bank. 


4r\r 


The Council of Europe Resettlement Fund 

for National Refugees and Overpopulation in Europe 

Fonds de R6£tablissement du Conseil de PEurope 

pour les R&ugifes Nationaux et les Exc£dents de Population en Europe 
Strasbourg/Paris 

DM 150,000,000 

7Vt% Bearer Bonds of 1985 (92-95) 


Berliner Handels- und Frankfurter Bank 


Norway Is Reported to Him 
OH Price About $1 Per Barrel 


tel Ttf bar o ne oo u ert: U / S A3S 

Other Dollar Valor* 

r luan - nr ujj CMTHK7 W U22 Connor nr USX Cnrmcr «riUJ 

nLMttn M3 motar-rtw. Z467 lUr.MB 

yyfrf ?" Tjjt* Grcekdrac 136JQ t*n.m ■ 33X30 Srco.PM»ta 174.15 

■££ 5553* W7>5 XWUOTMI SIDS SwwLkrooa XH 

030 wSLtwuet 1148 PWLmm IS «13 imki 3*77 

-sSs Uferm** UUOO pwtoocaao TOjoq naiMrt vxb 

S* Q-H43 SndtriM 341 OS tUrtMKrx SUO 

g-fg gl- .I-ffg unjUtiirt- 1-81840 am.*- Z2» UMMM 1S»2 

SS5 S mS»mea 03034 XUr.mmi UW Vm Mfe 1278 

iiurm: 1-2*54 trad ( 

£ZmZiSD*>i BA>t **** *** ntuM tmm, ******* 


Markets Closed 

Financial markets are dosed in the United Stares and most of Western 

Europe today for holidays. 


OSLO — Norway, reacting to 
weakness in the wold oil market, 
has cut tbe price of its North Sea 
crude by up to $1 pot band, cal 
industry sources said on Sunday. 

The staieowned ofl company 
Statdl, which exports more than 
two-tldrds of Norway’s daily pro- 
duction of 750,000 bands, cut 
prices after pressure from contract 
customers, they said. Siaioil de- 
clined to confirm or deny the re- 
ports. 

The industry sources said Sta- 
ted's price, fixed co a monthly ba- 
sis, fra June deliveries would prob- 


band, down from $27 JO to $28 in 
April. 

The price for May deliveries had 
been agreed between $27.20 and 
$27.50. 

The sources said Slaton’s price 
cut reflected weakness in prices cm 

the spot market, where North Sea 


Brent erode is trading for about 
S26J0 per band. 

The Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries, which has cut 
production in & bid to shore up 
prices, has been critical of British 
and Norwegian production levels. 
Britain produces 2.7 million bands 
per day and Norway has said h is 
trying to increase production. 

Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia denied 
rumors that il planned to cut its oil 
price. 

Oil traders said the rumors were 
provoked by a tdex se nt to than 
last Thursday by Fetronrin, the 
S a ud i state cu company, advising 
of procedures in the awe of a 
change is oil prices. 

A spokesman for the TV r mlemn 
and Mineral Resources Ministry, in 
a statement carried by the official 
Saudi Press Agency, said Saudi 
Arabia “wiU continue to be com- 
mitted to defending tbe official , 
price which OPEC Ires approved.” j 


Allgemeine Elsassische 
Bankgesellschaft 

Bayerische Hypotheken- und 
Wechsel-BanK 

Aktlengesellschaft 

Berliner Bank 
Aktiengeseffschaft 

Delbruck & Co 

Deutsche Girozentrale 
-Deutsche Kommunaibank- 

Georg Hauck & Sohn Bankiers 

Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien 

Landesbank Rheinland-Pfalz 
-Girozentrale - 

Norddeutsche Landesbank 

Girozentrale 

Vereins- und Westbank 

Aktiengesellschaft 


Arab Banking Corporate 
Daus & Co. GmbH 

Bayerische Landesbank 
Girozentrale 


Bankhaus Gebruder Bethmann 
Deutsche Bank 

Aktiengeselischaft 

Dresdner Bank 

Aktiengeselischaft 

Hessische Landesbank 
- Girozentrale - 

Merck, Finck & Co. 

Sal. Oppenheim jr. & Cie. 

M.M, Warburg-Brinckmann, 
Wirtz & Co- 

Westfalen bank 
Aktiengeselischaft 


Bank fur Gemeinwirtschaft 
Aktiengeselischaft 

Bayerische Vereinsbank 
Aktiengeselischaft 

Commerzbank 

Aktiengeselischaft 

DC BANK 

Deutsche Genossenschaftsbank 
DSL Bank 

Deutsche Siedlungs- und 
Landesrentenbank 

Bankhaus Hermann Lampe 
Komma nditgesellschaft 

B. Metzler seel. Sohn & Co. 


Trinkaus & Burkhardt 

Westdeutsche Landesbank 
Girozentrale 


Abu Dhabi Investment Company Afgemene Bank Nederland N.V. Al-Maf Group 


Banca del Cottardo 

Banqiie Internationale 
a Luxembourg 5.A. 

Creditanstalt-Bankverein * 

Hill Samuel & Co. 

Limited 

Kuwait Foreign Trading 
Contracting & Investment Co. 
CS.A.KJ 


Banque Bruxelles Lambert S.A. Banque Indosuez 


Banque Nationale de Paris 
Dajwa Europe Limited 


Credit Commercial de France 

Genossenschafdiche 
Zentralbank AG - Vienna 

Kredietbank Internationa! Group 


The Industrial Bank of japan Kredietbank Inter 

(Luxembourg) S.A. 

Pierson, Heldring & Pierson N.V. Soci£t£ G6n£raJe 
Swiss Bank Corporation International Limited 





International Bond Prices - Week of May 23 


(Continued from Page 6) 


i— 




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TREASURY AND OF ITS AGENCIES 


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7 37 Nov TO 
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AncMlat IteTONav If* 

A/PMfot 7-19,vcr 99 

Brazil 8*3400 »XS 

Brozfl 7*37 Jar 91 

Brora I 37AOO 99 

a/roB 4* 370d 9T-r 

Brazil 9* 31 Jan Civ* 

VnEMB 4 38449 #4'* 

viansala 4 'r3Qnc* TOc 

Venezuela Kitotfcv tTc 

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Civnp EmroSoo Paula 7 37 Nov tr« 

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EKMobra 4* 34 Apr fr-i 


4* 34 MOT N C L 

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U5 741 433 
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497 452 
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7J5 733 

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439 427 

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847 949 

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783 829 

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TaSw»a^*cxift\3nc3ger,HernOTcrdHercWTribune > 181,CNenueChaHesde-Goule, 

?2521 Neu^C£dex, Franca. Telj 747 07 29. Tdesc 61 2832. 

Pteaseer^rnysubscripljonfor: 

a B O Umarths □6mon^s D 3 months 

(+ 1 nerthfre^ (+2 v a ri es fre e) |+ 1 wedtfre^ 

□ My check b enclosed 

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zm\ 1^ U □ Browd □ Malta an d Q Vi » 


Card expiry dcie . 
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95 j VACATION KSTKJCnOfC 

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□ Pfetaemspend my suberipbon (faring nydaence o^extendtfie date of^ expinAm accarefci^y. 

□ l*a*Ad Hb to hore the paper art to my voBBlion oddness, pleae endow i ntfrudond. 27^5-85 




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MISCELLANEOUS 


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ENTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


Page 9 


:• •< 

=■ 

4 »*-- •• I 

r, 


' c "* > 

V - \ 


?•-. . v n . * 






■ • ’if . 

.-;V. r - 1 

.-•• * i \ : 
.. it 1 

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3 ? 


■•- «■ 

» * ! 

J! 1 

• L - 




New Eurobond Issues 


luinr . Amount 

(millions) 

BOATING RATE NOTES 

Arab Banking Cup. $150 

European Community $1,800 

Standard Chartered £300 

Bank 

HXEO-COUPON 

BP Capital $100 


_ Price 

Mat. C ^ p * Price end 
h week 


2000 im 100 


— Over ftmomh Uber. Rademafala at par n 1992 awl 1W5 
and cdbble at par in 1986. Fees ojff% 


BP Capital 


Canadian Pacific 

Dai Ichl Kangyo 
finance 

Export Development 
Corp. 

ITT Credit 
Volvo Capital 

Bank of China 

Hoogovens - 

Hydro Quebec 

impend Chemical 
Industries 

Bank of Tokyo 

Sumitomo 

LTCB 

Province of New 
Brunswick 

Government 
Insurance Office of 
New South Woles 
Westpac Bonking 
EQUITY4JNKH) 
Coso Computer 


$182.46 


1990 1/16 100 9973 Over 6-manrfi Lbd. Callable of pa- on every inters? 

payment dote. Bought by lead manager at 99» and re- 
ofonwl to cwnonoflers at 99,925. Dno mn oHom S25QJ00. 

perpt 3/16 100 - WAG Over 3-montfi Libor. Gofcfch at par h 1992. Fes 0.80%. 

£150 nAonisuBd now and DSD mBert reserved far a 2yT 
top. 


1994 10Kr T00H 98.00 ffoncdM&. Smiting fund to produce a 57-yr average Kfc. 

20389. paytAia an subscription and batanoe in Dec. Denonx- 

v ncrions SIQJOO. 

1995 zero 3BJ39 37X9 Yield 1036% Nomxdafe. Procoeds J69J3 iwKan. Denoai- 

nadora $10X00. 1109% payed* an nbcrlplion and 2630% 
nDac. 

1993 IPX 100ft 9&25 Cblabto aMOlK in 1990. 

1990 10H 100K 98u38 Nonarfubfc. 


ECU 40 
ECU 60 
Cant 100 
Y 10X00 


10 99H 

10W 101 
IDS* 99K 

7 100 

m loo- 
7W 100 
1116 100 

9K 100M 

9K ' 100 

im 100% 
m took 


1989 13% 100 — Nancaftobr*. 


1988 13% 100 — NancnlcMe. foaecaed from Aul$ 40 mKon. 


NancalUda. $100 mSon issued now and $200 nJKon 
rwerved for a S71 lop. 


— Cdtafale' and rede e mable Spar in 1990 when new terras wg 

betel ■ 

— Gatiafale of 10W4 in 7990. 


— Noncdtabte- Purehcue fund to operate urtf 1990. 

738 Non esikiUe . Sinfcing fund to start in 1993 to produce a 9.75- 
yr overage fife. £75 milEon sued now cm £50 mSon 
reserved far a 1-yr tap. 


2000 3 100 — 


1990 8% 100 . — 


CaBabJe at 104 in 1988. Convertible at 1/42 yen per thane 
and at 25065 yen per doflar. 

Noncakbie. Eads $5/100 note with one warrant axarrisobie 
into shares at 416 yen per due and id 25065 yen per 
dollar. 


Eurobond Dealers Vote for Reform 


(Contiimed from Page 7) 
meat 'bankers who attended. Not 
since die troublesome founding 
years have senior afficere turned up 
m such a large number. 

With 60 many 'market partici- 
pants away from their daks, there 
was relatively little activity last 
week. 

Bankers said the tone of the mar- 
ket remained firm, but there ap- 
peared to be little conyiction m 
light of the lackluster performance 
of the New York market. 

Most analysts say the bond mar- 
kets are looting farsame guidance 
as to whether interest rates will 
continue to ease or whether the 
week-ago cal in rates by the Feder- 
al Reserve represents a base from 
which rates mD creep up. 

A minority of bankers report 
that clients who up to now had 
shunned the bond maiket for the 
safety of the short-term -deposit 
market are now shifting to the 
bond market. The move, they say, 
anticipates that the current high 
inflation pre mium still reflected m 
long-term Tates is destined to de- 
cline. 

Whether long-term rates ever fall 
back to then historic pattern of 2 to 
3 percentage points over the infla- 
tion rate from the current range of 
5 to 6 percent is still widely doubt- 
ed, but even so that leaves roomlar 
long rates to narrow against the 
in flation rate. 

ThenaaneyqygDlatingonsucfaa 
decline is moving forcefully into 
. the warrant market, where options 
1? are bought to buy high-coupon 
fixed-rate paper. Conversion of 
these warrants into bonds is now 
muring into the milHous of dollars 
an a daily basis and becoming a . 
very important outlet for new mon- 
ey moving into the dollar bond 
maiket, bankers report 

In contrast the new dollar [issues 

priced aggressively to anticipate 

further d«*mc« in interest rates — 
have not attracted investors. 

Export Development C orp. erf 
/‘•‘anuria attempted to set a current 
k>w for five-year funds by setting a 


coupon of 10 pe r cent on its 5100- 
milii nn offering that was priced at 
99 7/8 to pnxmee a yield of 10.03 
percent. The notes ended the week 
at a discount of IX points, jnst 
outside the commissions paid to 

underwriters. 

.Especially hard-hit were the 
5100 nrilHnn of right-year notes 
freon Canadian Pacific Ltd. and 
$100 mil lin n of nine-year paper 
from BP Capital. Both issues were 
priced at premiums — par-and-% 
an Canarian Pacific’s lOKs, and 
parjand-% on BFs IQVis. Canadian 
Pacific ended the week at a dis- 
count of 2W points below the offer- 
ing price and BP was down 2% 
points. 

Better received was BFs partial- 
ly paid zero-coupon issue, offering 
investors a relatively cheap way to 
speculate on a decline in interest 
rates add/or a decline in the dollar 
exchange rate. Only 12.09 percent 
of the face value has to be paid in 
June and a final 26.5 percent in 
December. 

Bankers also reported scant den 
mand for floating-rate notes. The 
European Community’s 51.8 bil- 
lion of five-year notes got a poor 
reception and ended the week at 
99.73, representing a loss for the 
lead managers who bought the par 
pqr at 99X75 and for co-managers 
who were offered paper at 99X25. 

Volvo France Profit 
Rofie266% in 1984 

Age hoc Fnmce-Prene 

PARIS — Volvo France, a sub- 
sidiary of die Swedish automaker 
AB Volvo, has said that pretax 
profit m 1984 rare 266 percent to a 
record 44 naDicm francs ($4.68 mil- 
lion) from 12 million francs in 
1983. 

Sales rose 16.7 percent to 164 
baltian francs, the company said 
Friday. Car sales totaled 1.1 billion 
francs, or42J percent of the over- 
all figure, while truck sales re- 
mained stahle at 1 J billion francs, 
or 50.4 percent of the sales figure. 


The issue is aimed at replacing 
earlier notes that have been called. 
The funding then and now was on 
behalf of France. The earlier 7-year 
issue paid interest at Vfc-poini over 
the lAnrirm interbank offered rate 
whereas the new issue pays 1/ 16- 
point over the bid rate, which nor- 
mally is tt-point lower than the 
offered rate. 

The wring feature of the early 
call, however, is that holders of that 
paper had expected to earn an ad- 
ditional K-percent fidelity pay- 
ment if they had agreed to continue 
holding that paper after July. In 
today’s market, that premium 
• looks absurdly generous and thus 
the issue was called before it could 
take effect 

But holders were disappointed 
and the very ungenerous pacing on 
the new issue made placement dif- 
ficult 

Standard Chartered Bank PLC 
fared little better with its £1 50-mil- 
lion issue of perpetual bonds priced 
at B/ltooint over three-month Li- 
bor. Following the low rating given 
to Midland Bank PLCs floater — 
which has highlighted for an inat- 
tentive audience the equity-risk 
characteristics erf these notes — 
perpetuals have lost favor. Denom- 
inating the issue in British pounds, 
which is narrower than the dollar 
market, and skimping on the mar- 
gin (down from the 14-point margin 
paid on most other perpetuals) 
only added to the trouble of plac- 
ing this paper. 

China’s maiden voyage to (he 
Eurobond market got a rousing re- 
ception. the Bank of China offered 
150 mini on Deutsche marks of se- 
ven-year bonds at par bearing a 
coupon of 7 percent. 

These very favorable terms did 
not reflect investor demand — 
which is scant given the unpaid 
outstanding bonds that the present 

government in Beijing does not rec- 
ognize — bat rather demand from 
Western banks that hope to ertnv 
favor with the government, which 
is expected to go on a buying spree 
in the West 


^ Inventor Looks for Financial Solutions 




: ..ill 


(Contmued from Page 7) 

suits for the year ended March 31, 
Sinclair Rescaith is wjde ty exp ect- 
ed to show a steep drop from the 
prior year’s pretax promt of £143 
million. That would be another 
blow for the institutional investors 
that bought 10 percent of the com- 
pany in January 1 983 for £13.6 ntil- 
hon. Sir Clive, who owns nearly all 
of the remaining shares and already 
has twice delayed plans to obtain a 
London Stock Exchange listing, 
said that he mil await suitable mar- 
ket conditions. 

To setup Sinclair Vehicles, Sr 
Ctive used about £7 million of his 

. own money. In January, that cran- 
es' V pany introduced a one-man aectite 

’ vehicle, the C5, costing about £400, 
with a top-speed of 15 miles (24 
jalMnetere) pff hour and a range oT 
up to 20 mfles between recharging^ 

Initially, the company boasted 
that it would produoe 1 00,000 of 
the vehicles this year, but it so tar 
has sold only about 7,000 of the 
12,000 or so produced and last 
month it had to slash output by 90 
percent. 

Some critics have questioned the 
wisdom of launching a roofless ve- 
hicle in January. Sir Clive said that 
•Vrf Ithc main problem has been what he 
considers unfair publicity front 
Mich organizations as the Bnnsn 
Safety Council, which denounced 
ihe C5 as an “unsafe folly car." 


Even, so, Sir Give said he hopes 
to fbllcrw through with exports and 
[dans for. bigger electric vehicles 
that could cany several people long 
distances. As far speculation (hat 
he would sell the company, he said, 
“It's never crossed my rand." 

Even more ambitious is Sir 
Clive’s plan to ruse about £50 mil- 
lion to create a company making 
advanced semiconductor devices. 
To bead that effort, he has recruit- 
ed Robb W2mot, a highly respect- 
ed executive who also serves as 
chairman of ICL, the British com- 
puter-maker owded by Standard 
Cables & Telephones PLC ' 

The semiconductor project 
would make use of “wafer-scale in- 

toration.” Instead of chopping up 
silicon dices into hundreds erf fin- 
gernail-sized bits, the company 
would embed powerful computer 
memory and logic on a wafer sever- 
al mches square The idea is to 
slash chqwnoduction costs. 

Although a UX. company, Gene 
Amdahl's Trilogy LuL, last year 
abandoned an expensive effort io 
produce wafer-scale devices. Sir 
Give is undaunted. “They had an 
idea that didn't work,” he said. 
“We’ve got, one that does.” 

Indeed, the . Sinclair approach 
“has a much higher chance of suc- 
cess," said Adrian Tan. a micro- 
chip expert -ai Daiaquesi in Lon- 
don. But. he conceded, “the 
financial community will perhaps 


not understand the finer points of 
the difference between the Trilogy 
project and his." 

David Gibbons, a computer ana- 
lyst at James Capel & Co., said that 
Sir Give probably will have to seek 
funds in the United States. “I don’t 
think he’s going to find money in 
the LUL,” Mr. Gibbons said. 

But Sir Give is used to ops and- 
downs. Along with big successes in 
selling electronic calculators and 
hwiM* computers, he has had flops 
with a digital watdi and a match- 
box-sized radio. In the 1970s, a 
British government agency stepped 
in with funds to rescue one of his 


Prices Rise 
On Hopes o! 
Fed Action 
On Rates 

By Michael Quint 

New York Tuna Sendee 
NEW YORK — UX. Treasury 
note and bond prices rose modestly 
last week as some securities dealers 
said there was a noticeable increase 
in investor demand from the mid- 
week levels. Speoilative trading ac- 
tivity was light in advance of the 
king weekend. 

By late Friday, Treasury bill 
rales were slightly lower, with the 

UA CREDIT MARKETS 

three-month issue bid at 7.19 per- 
cent, down from 733 percent, 
while the six-month issue was at 
7.42 percent, down from 7.43 per- 
cent. Because of Monday’s Memo- 
rial Day holiday, the Treasury bill 
auction will be cm Tuesday. 

In the note and bond market, 
prices of Treasury issues rose mod- 
estly, with the new 9Vfe-percent two- 
year issue rising about Mhpoinl, to 
an offered price of 100-1/32, to 
yield 9.10 percent Among longer- 
term issues, the five-year Treasury 
notes to be auctioned Wednesday 
were offered on a when-issued bar 
as to yield 10X1 percent while the 
1 116-percent bonds due' in 2015 
rose more than 16-point to an of- 
fered price of 103%, to yield 10X4 
percent 

Two catalysts far price rises were 
hopes that the Federal Reserve 
would continue to encourage lower 
interest rates to stimulate the econ- 
omy, and rumors that Saudi Arabia 
might reduce its o3 prices. Though 

rumor was plausible, there 
was not enough evidence of either 
development to spark more than a 
modest price increase. 

Since the Fed reduced by a tt- 
point the discount rate it «iaig es 
00 l^a^B to fin an rial institutions tO 
7V4 percent on May 17, economists 
have predicted that the overnight 
rate would average about 7% per- 
cent, down from 8. 1 6 percent in the 
Gist two weeks of May. 

PT believe the Fed deliberately 
leaked a story that it was easing 
further in order to keep the ball 
rolling in market improvement," 
Philip Braverman, economist at 
Briggs Schaedle & Co., told United 
Press International “This would 
help the Fed’s own objectives.” 

[Federal funds, winch the Fed 
targets through its purchases and 
sales of Treasury securities, have 
attracted mcreasmg attention since 
the Fed's focus shifted away from 
money supply in its attempts to 
boost the sa g gin g economy. The 
funds traded around 7% percent 
Friday and Mr. Bravexman said 
muir i tftn ft ncfi erf that level would be 
an indication that Fed is taking 
steps tQ ease further.] I 

Analysts at Money Maiket Ser- 
vices, an economic analysis con- 
cern in Belmont, California, noted 
that expectations of an easier Fed 
policy still were^ widespread though 
they might quickly disappear if 
economic conditions improved. 

U.S. Consumer Rotes 

Tor Wwk Ended May 24 

Passbook Savings — 560 % 

Tax Exempt Bonds 

Bcna Buyer TSbtWnt I n d ex B.91 % 

Money Market Funds 

PonaaHu*"* 7-Oav Average BJS4 % 

Bank Maaey Market Accounts 

Boole Hate Monitor Inden 7-51 w 

Home Mortem 

FW-B WWW 13J0 % 

Fed Committee 
Voted in March 
To Maintain PoUcy 

New York 71ms Service 

WASHINGTON— The Federal 
Reserve’s main policy body voted 
at its March 2o meeting to keep 
monetary policy essentially un- 
changed, according to minutes of 
the session. 

Reflecting an unusually ambigu- 
ous set of economic data at the 
time, the Federal Open Maiket 
Committee voted 12-0 to “main- 
tain the coasting degree of pres- 
sure" on banks* reserve positions, 
one consistent with a growth rate of 
8 percent for the narrowly defined 
M-l money supply for the weeks 
that followed. 

Maiket analysts said that this 
decision showed that the Fed then 
was neither worried enough about 
daw economic growth to ease cred- 
it nor inclined to bow to what the 
minutes published Friday de- 
scribed as “a few members" who 
indicated some preference for 
slightly more restraint 
Mmoles of tire latest FOMC 
meeting, hdd last Tuesday, will not 
be avaSable for a month or more. 
The Fed effectively eased policy on 


May 1 7 by cutting the discount rate 
to 716 percent from 8 percent 

J Treasury Bills 


Those who praise his inventive- 
ness often question his business 
sense. "Does he ever listen to any- 
body who has the problem of seftr 
ing to the outside world?” asked 
Inteco's Mr. Hoyle 

Some observers have suggested 
that Sir Give stick tomventing and 
leave management to others. He is 
notpersuaded. 

“To suggest that all I can do is 
invent is ridiculous," he said. "An 
Invention in a vacuum is useless. 
You've got to get the product to the 
marketplace. Now, I don't really 
see myself as a great manager. 1 
desperately seek the best mana|e- 
mem talent there can be. but d I 
just walked into the laboratory and 
stayed there nothing would get 
done.** 


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Litton to Offer 
Stock Buy-Back 
In Restructuring 

La? Angeles Times Sendee 

BEVERLY HILLS, Califor- 
nia —Litton Industries Inc. has 
announced a SI -3- billion finan- 
cial restructuring in which it 
will offer to buy back 35X per- 
cent of its common shares for 
notes worth $87.60 per share. 

The financial package, which 
includes termination of Linen's 
$2-per-share aT F 111 "! dividend, 

was imriiq - taVwi tyransc the 

company believes that Litton 
shares are nndervalued, a 
spokesman said Friday. The 
buy-back would increase cara- 

ings -per-share even though the 

new notes would result in' in- 
creased interest payments. 

The plan will leave Litton 
with an additional SI 3 bflhon 
of debt, but with $1.6 billion in 
cash reserves intact and avail- 
able for an aggressive growth 
plan, company officials said. 

Litton stock dosed at $77 per 
share Friday on the New York 
Stock Exchang e, op 75 cents. 

Apple Expects Earnings 
To Drop in 3d Quarter 

Batten 

CUPERTINO, California — 
Apple Computer Inc. has said that 
it expects third-quarter earnings to 
be below the $9.98 million reported 
in (he second quarter. 

The company said Friday that 
sales of Apple’s personal comput- 
ers to the education maiket had 
been strong, but retail sales had 
■been slow in April and May. 


Failed U.S. Steelmakers Struggle Bark 


(Continued from Page 7) 
the worst of times,” Donald H. 
Trautlem, chairman and chief exec- 
utive of Bethlehem Steel Corp-, 
said last week at the American Iron 
and Steel Institute’s annual meet- 
ing in New York. “We may never 
again see the best of times, but I 
firmly believe that better times are 
coming," > 

Steel executives at that meeting^ 


The Stagnant Ste*l 
Industry 


Annual bhipme'nts of raw steel 
in millions of nei tons 


on better productivity and in- 
creased competitiveness. “Unfor- 
tunately,’’ said Frank W. Laerssen, 
chairman of Inland Sled Co., “no 
practiced observer foresees any ap- 
preciable increase in sted prices 
during this period of worldwide 
oversupply and ineffective import 
restraints.*’ 

This restrained optimism did hi- 
de to cut the pessimism over for- 
eign imparts and the ability of the 
industry to raise capital. Paul & 
RoedeL president and chief execu- 
tive of Carpenter Technology 
Corp., a specialty steelmaker, said 
the industry estimated that it need- 
ed to spend $5.2 trillion annually 
for its stedmalring facilities to be 
competitive. 

According to a Price Waterbouse 
survey for the industry, he said, the 
industry spent $I0X billion for new 
stedmaking facilities from 1979 
through 1983. That amount ex- 
ceeded cash from steel operations 
by $1-5 billion in that period. Price 
Waterhouse found. 

“Under the most optimistic as- 
sumptions, the industry will have a 
capital shortfall of about $1 5 bil- 
lion a year over the next five years,” 
Mr. Roedd said. 

Few want to risk investing in the 
industry, Mr. Roedel added. “It 
will take imaginative financing to 


79 80 -81 '82 83 ’84 I 

S ourca A/nwica/i SrgoHnawme § 

further leverage the present capital 
structure," be said. 

Whatever happens to steel in the 
future, one thing is certain: The 
concessions already granted by the 
United Steelworkers at failing, com- 
panies and elsewhere are ushering 
in a new era of labor-management 
relations for the entire industry. 

They have created so many ad 
hoc deviations from the Sted work- 
era master contract that earlier last 
week the major steel companies an- 
nounced they would formally 
abandon the industry’s 30-year-old 


At one company that filed for 
Chapter 11, the union wage rate is 
only $15X0 an hour, compared 
with last year’s industry-wide aver- 
age of $21.29. 

According to J. Bruce Johnston, 
executive vice president for em- 
ployer relations at UX. Sled Corp., 
concessions have made labor costs 
uncompetitive at the five major 


companies engaged in the group 

bar gaining 

Lynn R. Williams, the Steel- 
workers' president, has played 
down the number of wage conces- 
sions granted by his union, instead 
stressing that they have been at 
plants in dire financi al need and 
then only in exchange for equity in 
the company or a voice in its af- 
fairs. 

The industry’s refusal to bargain 
jointly with the union in the future 
does not necessarily mean a strate- 
gic loss for the Steelworkers. The 
union still can target one company 
around which it era pattern its set- 
tlements. 

But D. Quinn Mills, a labor ex- 
pen at the Harvard Business 
School, thinks that the sted union 
will not even do that. “Getting the 
biggest wage increase is not the 
question anymore,” he said, if “that 
would make the company noncom- 
petitive and lose all the jobs." 

Meanwhile, the major sted com- 
panies generally are paying a pre- 
mium price for labor under the cur- 
rent master contract, put together 
two years ago by the Steelworkers 
and representatives from nine big 
steelmakers. Now the sted majors 
are expected to fight hard to get the 
union to match the concessions 
granted to some of their rivals. 

At Wheding-Piu, the hourly 
wage rate is $21.40. Management 
has proposed a reduction to $15 JO 
an hour. In negotiations that fdl 
through before Wheeling's Chapter 
11 filing, the union said it was will- 
ing to accept an hourly wage-and- 
benefit rate of $19.50 to $20. 

Analysts have predicted that the 
wage rate finally agreed to by 
Wheeling- Pitt and the Steelworkers 
may created an industry standard. 


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2081 2X42 Ultra *35 9.13 Genri 4M 

1*341738 Setodod Foods: Gwfa ixS 

*37 47* Am Shs 118* NL inco 2JH 

1X86 1 £15 SpI Shs 182* NL SCI 

unovoll S effom o n Group: Mutl 1459 

1*93 NL CoTxQ *12 621 (j£fod Foa£: 

1X84 NL CopFd 1127 1275 AccmXl* 

mri CmStk 1267 1144 Bond 521 

».9S m*7 Comun 481 923 GvtSec 531 

14.13 1544 Growth 588 MD imGth sS 

*92 1436 Inco 1X35 1332 Cm me 1*3 

I4U 1461 MassTx 766783 HI Inc 1XD 

1083 1068 6/UchTx 729 *07 


*98 NL 
1*63 NL 
1283 NL 
*91 NL 
1488 NL 


».9S 1087 
14.13 1544 
992 1436 
1416 1461 
1083 1448 
*37 1424 
18981083 
1X18 NL 
072 NL 


738775 
786 794 


NY Tax 781 788 
OtilaTx 779 776| 


Aeon *1* **5 

Band 561 *13 

GvtSec 531 581 
IntGIh 588 410 

Cm Inc 1630 1781 

HI Inc 1X37 Mil 

Incom I486 1577 
Muni 476 784 

NwCcpt 491537 
Retire 591 446 

ScEna *93 V25 

vats 578 633 


Penn Mu *22 NL TxHY 685 *34 Vang 5 J 8 

PormPrt 1080 NL Sentinel Groan: um Services: 

PM to *58 938 Baton 1024 1123 GldShr 573 

Pheenlx Series: Band *39 498 GBT ri 

Baton 117* 1289 Cam S W96 2872 Growth XO 

CvFd 1433 1785 Grwth M83 1573 Pruod S 

Grwth 15.10 145* Saauala 4099 NL VolFra 1024 

HIYId *35 9.95 gantry 1180 1X50 Vatoe Ltne Fd: 

Stock 1XSS 1684 Shearsan Fuads: Band 127* 


Incam 1171 12Jffl invQI 


9M 1065 SocSIt 1261 1279 
ICA 1175 1X84 Lowry 994 1SU3& Thrift 1*22 NL 

MBf S®, Trand 3*96 NL 

N Pars 883 *70 Quo IT ,031 T0J9 fmuCop 1*80 nl 

TaxE 1*04 1054 Sunn ll 1563 1*86 FitomJal Pros: 

Will Ml *74 1464 USGv 1014 1087 Dvno 771 NL 

A GttlFd *97 B82 DFA Sm 16730 NL FncITx 1499 NL 

A Harllo 279 NL DFA Ini WL4B NL HIYId* 084 NL 

A Invest 72B NL Dean Witter: Indus! 422 NL 

A Inv In *86 NL CnITF 1182 NL incom 993 NL 


A Invest 780 NL Dean Witter: mdust 

A Inv In *86 NL CalTF 1182 NL incom 
AmMad 3438 NL DvGt r *27 NL SefoCt 


422 NL 
993 NL 
626 NL 
733 NL 


A NtGHi 395 4J2 DfvGt 1453 NL wrtdT 733 NL 

A Ntlnc 1*31 2193 HIYId 1334 1412 r<t investors: 

Aimwr unovoll IndVI r 1185 NL Bnl Ap 1XM 1388 

AnoTyt 16184 NL NtIRsc 736 NL DISCO 1183 1260 

Amstng 736 NL Ootlai 1*21 NL govt 1190 1X83 

Aos HsuoMoa: SaorTx W8* NL Grwlh 620 731 

Fnd B 1*60 1182 TaxEx 10641*98 incom 586 660 

Incom 478 530 USGvt 1066 NL umsac 13831679 

Stuck 795 82* WrkfW 1038 NL NQIRcs 585 *97 

BObsoa Gram: Delaware Gram:- NYTF 127* 1X7* 

Bend 18S NL DMC 10.12 10*2 90-10 1294 14.14 

Enterp 119* NL Deem 1*63 1796 Qptn 'fig 5J3 

Gwffi ,3.11 NL Detew 2*51 2X62 Tax Ex 937 10.101 

U1MB St 1X0* NL Dddi 772 *64 FlexFd 1069 NL. 


Inv Bee 
Hlhico 
MaTF 
Inv Rash 
Istet 
IwGth 

Iwlnst 
JP Grth 
JP Inca 
Janos Fox 
Fund a 
Value 
Vontur 
John Hone 
Bona 
Grwth 
USGvF 
Tax Ex 
USGvT 
Koufmn 


BObsoa Gram: Delaware Gram:- NYTF ,27* 1X79 

Bend 183 NL DMC 10.12 10*2 90-10 1294 U.14 

Enterp 119* NL Deem 1*63 1796 Qptn SS 523 

Gwffi 13.11 NL Detew 2*51 2X62 Tax Ex 937 10.10 

U1MB St 1X0* NL Dakh 772 *64 FlexFd 1069 NL 

UMB B 1020 NL Tx Fra 7.16 782 44 W1 Eq 42* 481 

BLCG4 1692 1*69 Delta 1256 1X73 44 Won 42* NL 

BLCInc 1*95 1784 DIT CG 1X21 NL Fnd Gffl *51 

BeocGth 1530 NL DIT AG 1*95 NL Feadtrs Gnm>: 


leac HI* 1987 NL DIT Cl 9.93 NL GfWttl 737 NL 

toabam Capital: DGDtv M9* NL iKmni 14&S NL 

CaTFL 1020 NL DodCx Bl 2023 NL Mutual 103a NL 

CoTTFI 997 NL DodCx St 2*63 NL Sped 2*10 NL 

CwNT 1065 NL DtafoTx 1073 1L1> FroakHn Group: 
Wroer Gram: Drcxtf Bambora: age 327 382 

TOO Fd 1*15 HL BumlxTV 19.17 1987 DNTC 1*20 1190 

101 Fd 1472 NL Govl 1073 NL e nutty 820 529 


10251168 
14X6 1568 
1825 1*91 
528 577 
1370 NL 
1X38 NL 
12X12 NL 
1456 1583 
881 925 
id: 

1X38 NL 
1,25 NL 
2X67 NL 

»A: 

1630 1*26 
1X93 1*13 
*77 988 
*93 1074 
1025 1120 
199 NL 
nods: 

1291 1X52 
*6* *93 
1260 1324 
1066 1122 
1X99 1431 
080 092. 
1180 1X11 
2S37 2773 
1126 1X52 
1438 123 
986 924 


Cos Blr 16.10 NL 
Cus BTr 1*6* NL 
Cus B4r 789 NL 
Cu* Kir *84 NL 
Cus X2r 691 NL 
Cus Sir 2033 NL 
Cus S3r *67 NL 
Cus S4T 576 NL 


Merrill Lvnch: 

Boric 1597 16.12 
Gooff 2045 2187 
Enu Bd 1X06 1X56 
FedSc 984 1050 

FdTm • 1X45 NL 

Hllnc *15 *69 
HI Off 1090 1135 
inlHId 996 1889 
InTrm i*n 1183 
LtMat 933 9.93 
MunHI 966 985 
Muni In 780 780 

PocFd 1581 1*59 
Pftnlx 1128 1261 
OcTTch 9.14 *99 
Spl Vol 1X71 1X89 
MM AM 683 766 

MldAHI 699 566 

MSB Fd 2*13 NL 

Midwest Grow: 

Bart b 11.12 NL 
IntGv 1084 NL 
LG Gvi 1030 1081 
Mut Ben 1133 1X38 
Mutual of Omaha: 
Anwr 1*15 NL 
Grwlh 622 676 
Incam 880 *26 
Tx Fra 1061 1132 
MNOual 1*65 NL 
Mut Shr 56.16 NL 
Not Avia KL01 1094 


1X34 1492 
3JS 386 
11801284 
1180 1X65 
*63 989 
784 *13 
620 780 
*17 *36 
396 926 
*90 93* 
681 673 
921 1087 
1X40 1385 


CvFd 1633 1785 

Grwlh 15.10 1*89 

HIYId 925 9.951 

Stock 1X05 1484 

PCCp 1*72 

Pflorim ora: 

GNMA 15751641 
Man C 7.96 088 
PAR 2X00 2X35 
Pita Fd 1576 1699 
PlIpHI 7.93 NL 
Ptaaasr Fad: 

Bend * m 993 

Fund 2189 2105 

lllnc U22 UL16 

III Inc 1413 1524: 

Plltmd 1X75 NL| 
Price Fuads: 

Grwth 1526 NL 


(ltd Services: 

GldShr 570 NL 

GBT 14 M PIL 

Growth 763 NL 

Prsocl A NL 


1*72 AT1G4 7783 NL 

p; AorGr 1184 1X15 

15751621 Appra 1984 2088 

7.96 888 CelMu 1489 1536 
2380 2X35 FdVM 786 723 
1576 1699 Gtobal 3094 2X04 
7.93 NL HIYId 1821 1989 
*d: MaGvt 1385 1374 

989 993 MMun 1X92 14*5 
2189 2385 NYMu 1687 1565 
1622 1*16 Shsrm D 6.10 NL 
1413 1524 Storra Gl 1094 NL 
1X75 NL sterna r an ds : 
s: Cantt ism 1*39 

1526 NL Inco *BB BJ4 
1380 NL Invest *27 994 
1*35 NL SPCl n 1SS 025 
*36 NL Trust 1X17 1330 
1120 NL Vml 1021 1120 
1699 NL 


Band 

Fund 
Incom 
i Lav Gt 
MunBd 
SpI Sit 
VKmpM 
VK US 


mn ft 

1XT7 ft 
1*37 NL 
1X26 NL 
1*56 1634 
1527 1686 


Incom 
ReolE 
Slock 
Tax Ex 
To! Re 
Foil-Id 
Narrate 


NatFd 1123 1X14 
NatGfa *87 989 
NulBd 939 1*15 
NELMe Fund: 

Eautt 2*09 2184 
Grwlh 2X22 2*24 
Incom 1026 1189 
Ret Eq 2024 2263 
TaxEx 7.16 780 
IS eu berper Bara: 
Enrav 1984 NL 
Guard 4X99 nl 
UM v 197 NL 
Mantit 789 NL 
Partn unavall 


N Hortz 1372 NL Equt 1411 NL w, 

ShTrB 587 NL IncGro 960 9.97 QCH 

TxFrl EJ® NL USGvt 1131 1413 QD| 

TxFrSI 111 NL SaGm In 1412 1479 qd, 
PrinPTE 96* 9.93 SthestGt 1020 NL CTVI 
Pro Services: Swlnlnc 475 NL TC I 

MedT 1060 NL Sever In 2120 2232 TCI 

Fund 1083 NL Stale Band Grp: gni 

Incom *46 NL Cam SI 568 599 kIY 

Predentlol Bache: Divers *65 785 |GD 

AdIPfd 2X93 NL Praura *£ *21 sal 

ON Mu 1028 NL StFrm Gt 1*23 NL ind 

Eqtrttv 156*1628 StFrm Bl 1482 NL Mut 

Gloat r 1188 NL Ststraat hnr: Mwl 

GvPIu 1020 NL EkCh 9183 NL Mui 

GvtSe 1*37 1027 Grwlh r 5*71 NL Sun 

HIYId 1*11 1024 invri 7X86 7X22 MuS 

HYMu 1427 1570 steodmm Foods: V5P 

SKU? nk Am lnd 278 NL VSP 

N£OC 1ZOT 1330 ASSOC 85 NL VSP 

VySliS 'nvest 1.52 NL VSP 

Qtylnc 15311684 Ocean 539 NL MM 

S “■'sr^o L w 

^472 1523 ggOP 2^ NL 
CalTx 1X99 1689 DiSCV XL23 NL apt 

CapJt XM NL . SpecI 1437 NL 

CCArp 6117 6921 _ 1J-D N L wp? 1 

CCDro 4*4*4920 TaxEx 868 NL wcHISI 

EnaRs 1189071 jrw i 7224 ML Wete I 

InteSc 11.74 12*3 Unhr 1785 NL Wntan 

Int Eq 1*81 ia» Slrotajric Funds: Wood 

Geora 1X07 0.19 Copli 722 789 deV< 

Invri 631 697 New 

Hearth 1*63 2*36 Sltvr 525 574 Pine 


Wt 13851X74 vemee Exduan: 
m 1X97 14*5 CapE 14484 NL 

"u. Wf-WS DBstl «75 ft 

ifri! Kh Dvw ■ , 7tTO **l 

GtlOM NL ExFd r 11*61 NL 

. mmi u« E*BS* 9587 NL 

* *252 ™ E * “U* 7 N L 

. 5“ |74 scFidf *410 NL 

ri *27 984 vaaauard Green: 

OTNL 

* inlirfS Gemln «- 1S NL 

1^1 "■» I vast 17.13 NL 

l hra 5 : „ Mora 1125 NL 

' M.11 NL NaasT 3881 NL 

I? ,?-?? Q“ W • 17.96 NL 

'J® JLJ2 QDIv ,1 787 NL 

A" QDvIll 2320 NL 

Sf SH S AR IS 34 nl 

£ NJ; TC Int 2725 NL 

■ " 71-M7732 TCUoa 3160 NL 

®S? d rno GN06A 9SS NL 

S* WYBd *67 NL 

f* IGBnd *09 NL 

™ ^1 ShrlTr 1*34 NL 

SI 12^ SH ‘"dT* 1 22 - 1S NL 

Bl 1452 NL MuHY 985 NL 

^ Mulnt 11.11 NL 

' , NL Mu LB 987 NL 

** r NL MlnLS 1058 NL 

I 7X86 7X22 MuSht 1531 NL 

icn Foods: VSPGd 780 NL 

Ind X7B NL VSPHH 1X80 NL 

C 85 NL VSPSv 1420 NL 
It 182 NL VSPTc 1058 NL 

n 539 NL Waflri 1454 NL 

crt.. Welltn 1X77 NL 

, ui wndsr 1199 NL 


Ventura Adrisars: 
NYVen 830 99 7 
RPF Bd 775 NL 
Inc PI 1*53 1181 
WPG 2192 NL 
WOllSt *13 *60 
Wafal Eq 1627 NL 
Wslnrd 1184 1X61 


EnoRs 11891X71 T«Rel 2XM NL SrirTEq 16^ NL 

InteSc 11.74 1X83 O n * v 1785 NL vvsturd ilsi 1X41 

in! Eq 1*81 1*37 sirataalc Foods: wood UrettSm: - 

SST" IVSrS-U cST 723 789 deVmXMi NL 

Invri 631 697 Neuw 1979 NL 

Hearth 1*63 2*36 Sltvr 525 574 Pine US7 NL 

Hllnai 1193 1279 strut Gtti 1*6* NL YesFd *30 *23 

HI YW 1525 1*^ stranain 1793 1*11 

Incom 721 783 stmpT 1*84 1791 U1 _ 

M SSI IS ,M9 

Ootn 1*97 1199 Templ eto n Creep: *— ■ Previous davT 

Onfall 1176 1X85 gs» , "A , ^3^ r ^522!' 00 
Tax Ex ‘>6*0 2373 Gleba l 1 36.17 enorae may aooly. 
USC Id UjO lilV Glob II 1,63 1269 x— Ex dlvtoend. 


KrecKdlnx Indices 

(Bom 100 May 1. 1977J 

Industrials. US 5 LT 

Inn instlhrttans US 5 LT. 

US $ medium tarm 

CUmacBans medium form _ 

ECU medium term 

UC9 

Grtldwo 

FF short farm 

Inn InsL F Lux medium term 
F Lux msdhrm term ... — ... 

ten Inst. Yen lane term 

ECU short term 

ECU Iona terra 


Consolidated Trading 
Of NYSE listing 

w«* ended May 24 


Mob LOW Lari CSV? 

24 Ui 77W zm —to 
34lb 324* 34Ki 
36ft 31ft 33— 1ft 
6ft 6 Mfc +ft 
133 130 !-W% +W 

Z7ft 22ft 27ft +4ft 
14ft 13ft 14 
46ft 64ft 64ft —1ft 
32ft 30 31ft +1 
41ft 39ft 40ft -ft 
44ft 42 44ft +2ft 
15ft 14ft lift -1ft 
61ft 68ft -ft 

33ft BWi ,4ft 
53* 51ft 53ft +1ft 
61ft 60ft m, 4ft 
40ft 38* 39ft -ft 
32ft 31 31ft +ft‘ 
Bft 7ft Bft 4ft 
43ft 41ft 42ft +11% 

Isms Traded In: 2252 
Advances: 1141 : tfecHflK: 862 
uneh on osd: 149 
Haw lUolw; 643 ; new tows: 39 


Consolidated Trading 
Of AMEX Listing 

Weak ended May 24 


Htob Low Lost ora* 
19ft 17 17ft —lft 
4ft 4h 4ft 
14ft 13 13ft — 1 
2ft 3ft 2ft 
36ft 35ft 35ft —ft 
14ft 13ft 13ft +ft 
6ft 6ft 6ft 4ft 
lft 1ft lft +ft 
17ft 13ft 16ft 42ft 
12ft lift lift 4ft 
Volume: 37290000 shores 
Year to Data: *71610800 shares 
Issues traded In: 900 
Advances: 403 : declines: 338 
Unchanpad: 159 
New Htots: 134 ; new tows: 34 


Gold Options (prices toS/ma 


Pr«s* May 

Aug 

ffov. 

3 M STS 775 

19 JD 2 IJD 0 



320 075 - 1/5 

148 X 155 } 

22252375 

330 

975-1125 

177 S. 19 . 2 S 

3 « 

673 - 825 

13254475 

39 

49- 600 

111541 75 

360 

370 

25 * 480 

7 J 5 D- 980 
& 5 D -780 


> A e um.Bikd eJ henew r ri IF 47857 wt 
1 V 18S7 bOEm aavendbmw 

1 4D factories In 14 cwmWesi 
» 20 awn sriss offieee dl aver Bw world. 


1984 


ConsiHiInHiit rosehe si ihe BKABff I 


Nri profit to favour of Hi* Grasp. 



BEKAERT 


bpiBpaffitoGraaF- 

Cqpttol expetefoarss 
Pereon n el aa 31 Dee 


P {in BF neKoafr 

19*3 1984 

— 1*574 47.657 

— •* 17-23 2879 

- 1J86 1^24 

- 1X489 15.285 

— 1023 1.BS7 

11,113 11,613 


i This week 

Lari'— ri c 

1984 soma weak. 

1 1905 to date 

1984 to date 

TOP lactate 


564740800 shares 
513840800 toms 
Ol 73JUJ share* 
10.92S239J07 shares 
9600730800 *oras 
9847770800 Blares 


.degrees^ 

I mnnewwstem 


GgU 81550-316110 

VafemWUte Wdi SJL 

L Qari du Meal Bhne 
121! Cenen 1, Switzerland 
Tel 31 0251 - Telex 28395 


Richardson Savings & Loan 
Bank and Trust Company 

Cayman Islands. Wes indies 
ottering 

11% 

1B0 Day 
Eurodeposit 
amounts over 
$100,000 U.S. 

/AtAjA, nriurSBon SaekiQs Cnxip 
ummw Assets S&oo toman 
ftcherdsan Ssvtaae * loot 
Part Cenefli m Lkl Bea U 
am Part Griieai o,_c 56P 'SO 1 .' 

. Oauas 

Cowen Pkoif Bjnxng EL 
l-*v WD? 7 ! PICHAAC>S 0 *» SAL 
Tu .7ri:wi0.xu* 


C Bwudedawn of 19*4 eiiiieufcleleil 

Oeatewihhid braoltdewa of 1984^ 

fomevar by rtdivtty eaefon 


omoBdriad tamevan 


• Steel wire id ttoel wfcq 


• EEC 

4D% 

pwdydi . 

56% 


12% 

• Steel win* for rubber re- 


• North America.. 

36% 


34% 

• Rest of die warid 

12% 

• henltora e*dor^..._^_ 

3% 



* SaginaanaB and Mrviees 

v : 

5% 




ReHtoi of lha porant company N.V. BStAERT S.A.: 

In writon V 19*3 )984 

* *" -”■■■ 22.211 26.923 

• Nripradf 753 Ulh 

foBF 

• Nst pNN per 6aw “lyi 58* 

* NM d W dewdllprepQe. of Ihe Bound «rfDirae- 

tow to ffw Gen. Auemhly el ■fonhoUars) 145 ORD. 175 
. A.F.V.299 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


Page 11 


Paris, London, Bonn Stress Internal Affairs 


(Continued from Page 1) 


But the f< 


repercus- 


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havior among its major European Mrs. tlaicher and Mr. KoBl arefar 
partners as they strive to recover more severe, primarily because a 
from their weakened positions at sweep to power by their Labor and 
home by appealing to electoral Social Democratic opponents 
rather than to diplomatic consider- could mean dramatic changes in 
atians. British and West German policies 

Moreover, some commentators toward arms control and the North 
in Europe bdieve that Washington Atlantic Treaty Organization. 

mtu MAn ___ —1.1*. J . - « : . . . . .1 rm 


controversy over President Ronald 
Reagan's Strategic Defense Initia- 
tive is thought to be too esoteric to 
affect votes. 

“With the Pershmgs, you were 
actually patting something seen as 
dangerous ana alarming on our 
soiL* a senior policy-maker in 
Bonn said. “But SDI is far removed 
and not even a reality, so it does not 


its customary middle role between policies. A recent BBC poD of 200 


the two superpowers. 


junior members of Parliament from 


One sign of a return to France’s the Conservative Party showed that 
maverick ways came at the seven- 75 percent were wonted that the 
nation economic summit meeting government was not seen to be do- 
in Bonn in early May when Mr. in S enough about unemployment. 


Companies Dealing With Pretoria i 
Challenge Effort to Force Divestment 


Mitterrand vetoed an agreement on Mr. Kohl is also troubled by un- 
set ting a date for a new round of employment, now at nearly 10 per- 
globaf trade talks. He also declared cent of the work force. It was cited 
that France would not join the SDI as the most important issue in the 


, u pAAn f | | „ - o — ~ m jm ■ V » iuiii a ioiiu. wutuu uuLjvriii — 1 ■ — - — — 

may soon led more obliged to an- If the stalemate is the Geneva have any of the same kind of politi- research program. North Rhine-Westphalia election, 

entits foreign and security policies arms talks persists, Mr. Kohl is cal impact." In Britain and West Germany “d it is expected to dominate the 

■n bmw that .1 i*. < . . r 1 . - .. . . . ______ ajihoui ouu nu, uuwuut, ,, 


1987 national campaign as well. 
West Germany’s Social Demo- 


bolster thepdit- Hkely to come forward next year Political analysts in Paris believe however the political climate ap- 1987 national campaign as well, 

wai ronunes of sympathetic gov- uigin$ new American disarmament that Mr. Mitterrand is now com- pears to be largely determined by West Germany’s Social Demo- 

emments-tn Europe. initiatives so that his support for mi tied to following a more “GauJI- the state of the economy and unem- rats bare already started a march 

** US - ist” foreign policy, stressing ploymem. Foreign policy issues b* ck toward their centrist roots, 

nngm oe untroubled by Mr. Mil- be vindicated before national dec- France’s distinct views and di- rarely have exerted decisive influ- Under the influence of Johannes 

wrand s problems, because a So- lions are held in March 1987. voiced from U.S. policies. ence over elections- a recent Gallup ^ die North Rhine-Westphalia 

nahst k»s might usher in a more "Ironically, weakness at home As France’s first leftist president Poll found that only 9 percent of premier, who is earned to be the 

nkfr-mmoed conservative leader in could spell more influence in in 23 years, Mr. Mitterrand quickly Britons questioned mentioned de- party’s candidate for chancellor in 

rflns * Washington," said Kari Kaiser, di- set a course after his election in fense as the country's most urgent *987, the Social _ Democrats are 

rector of the German Society for May 1981 to reassure the OS. and problem, while 80 percent died un- tempering their hostility toward 

A t_ win * Forcim Policy, a leading West his Eurooean allies that Frank's enrolovmenL nuclear missiles and military 


cmiist loss might usher in a more 
Kite- min ded conservative leader in 
Paris. 


ence over elections; a recent Gallup ^ ,the North Rhine-Westphalia- 


A Policeman Is Killed, 

Gcram 

Store Burned In Spain 

Reuters ' Bcwin ai 

BILBAO, Stain — A policeman the U.S 
was shot and killed Sunday by two want to 
assailants suspected of being friendly 
Basque separatists, the police re- * KohL 
ported. All th 

‘ In Zaragoza, arsonists also bo- focus m 
Beved to be separatists burned onimpn 
down a French-owned supermar- mg one 
ket, causing widespread riarnagp before e 
but no injuries, the police said, policy si 
France has begun granting Spanish encedbj 
extradition requests for suspects Uniflu 
wanted for violent crimes. over the 


Foreign Policy, a leading 


his European allies that France’s 


German research organization, loyalties were bound to the WesL 


“Considering the alternative for- Mr. Mitterrand provided impor- 
rign policies if governments in tarn backing for Washington over 
Boon and London change hands, deployment of cruise and 

.V - HP - J i —.itl -1 


employment 

Mrs. Thatdier’s decline in popu- 
larity and Toiy losses in local elec- 
tions have dearly reflected public 
disillusionment with her austere 


1987, the Social Democrats are 
tempering their hostility toward 
nuclear missiles and military 
spending while emphasizing the 
fight against uncmplcrynienL 


Two other Wa 


ton Post corn- 


friendly Leaders like Thatcher and tervention in Afghanistan and the 
KohL suppression of Solidarity in Poland 

All three leaders are expected to and expelled downs of Soviet dip- 
focus most of their time and energy lomats from Paris on charges of 
on improving the economy and eas- espionage. 


mg unemployment in the period Some French analysts bdieve 
before elections, bur some foreign that Mr. Mitterrand is convinced 
policy shifts are likely to be i nflu - fhat the balance of power has now 
meed by poGtical concerns as wdL been restored between Moscow 
Unlike the impassioned debate and Washington, affording Paris 
over the missile deployments, the more maneuvering room to resume 


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29 m 9 9 — U 

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1.32 74 T9 Wb 17% 17W— lib 
1949 mt mb IBM 
.Ml J KMUtUk T94b 20 + lb 

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235 5Vk 5 51b + Mi 

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37 Mb M M + 3b 
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517 M 59k 6 — 4b 


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InCrmo 3T0 4M 41b M— Vb 

InOofry 155CV> 50 90 — W 

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inRmwt 3 b % H 

InFlman 240 3 M M— lb M 

Int HRS im MW W 24b— M Ute 73 

InThrun 1230 fU B Bib— 1 , 

Intrtm 413 9W, BVh 9VS +14b SSiS 2 

Intrwst 40 42 1451414 14 141b— * S££ nn _ .. 

InvTDs 15 714 7 7 — » 


InGNMA 2931122 22424 


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RMsCm sn m riw— m 

RvApasc 71 » A 2fc— M 

navGr» 488 


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2i M 414 4H 
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43 314 314 »4 + lb 

t 9.1 1®. 5ft 4M 5W *■ M 

141 71b 7 7 — M 

Pi JO 5.1 •$ m 61b CM— M 

Of M 9 J 77 7 CM 7 + (ft 

147 24b 2M 240 4- M 

32 3M 344 »- M 

44a 47 1I251M 14 14, — lb 

AB 40 20X2 fn 844 Mi— fb 

- II7B4I1M KBb 11M 

CMS 1 46 K— fb 

UR 2M 114 lib— M 

M U 1037M 37V. 37V. 

433 3» 3M 3M— Hi 

37 44* Mb Mb— M 

173171b 17 17M + lb 

- 6749 m MM I0H + 14 

30 2M ZM 2M + lb 

M M 16B1044 9 1046 +146 

10 4M 4M 4M 


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144 4 

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to nearly 7 percent, and joblessness contributed to in is report 

has continued to grow. Britain's 

unemployment rate is now dose to 

14 pereebt. more than twice the oCaTglll llireateZIS 

fice in 1979. m Miners strike 

Even though she is not com- United Press International 

pdled to caD new dertions until BLYTH, England - The presi- 
autunrn of 1988, Mrs. Thatcher is ^eni of Britain’s National Union of 
encountering active dissent wtlun Mineworiters, Arthur ScargilL who 
the party over the impact of her !ed a vi olcDt aad 12 - 

month strike against pit closures, 

has indicated that another national 
stoppage might be necessary to 
fight government coal policies. 

“At the end of the day it may be 
necessary to take up the cudgels 
again, to fight this Tory govern- 
ment's policies," Mr. Scargill said 
at a rally Saturday in Blyth, 250 
miles (400 kilometers) north of 
London, called to protest the do- 
sure of the local Bates mine. 

The strike, which began March 6, 
1984, over plans to dose uneco- 
nomic pits, led to severe industrial 
violence and the deaths of at least 
two people in picket line clashes. 


86 Ouke Protesters Seized 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — Eighty- six protest- 
ers were arrested Saturday after 
cutting through the fence at the 
U.S. Air Force's cruise missile base 
at Gre enham Common, 50 miles 
(80 kDometers) west of London, a 
Defease Ministry spokesman said. 


(Continued from Page I) Act from using social or political catena in mvest- 

would prohibit new investment in South Africa by menl decisjons. 

Ame rican businesses and hanks Some target companies, such as IBM ana ueo- 

This legislation coincides with a rise in ami- mn^t^d^^ment ef- 

sfflfxssas s ggsasagafiair. 

the South African Embassy in Washington, and a negligible effect on their stock. 

“National Anti-Aparthad Protest Day" on more But if the movement gains momentum, some 
ihsm 70 college campuses was one of the largest fund managers say, it could dampen stock prices 
such demonstrations since the Vietnam War companies with a smaller number of shares or with 

Whether or not the divestment effort is entirely 

3— « 11 ^ - ££ 

■ „ such agencies' increasingly frequent decisions to 

Over afl, direct U.S. investment m South African divest/^ 

subsidiaries and affiliates fell to S2J billion in . .... r m mr * , i.,„i_ 

1983 from a peak of $16 billion in 1981 , according Accordingly. « no surprise that _snd i banta 
to the U.S. (Wcrce Dcpartmcm. and businesses are mcreasmg thor efforts io 

rT , „ „ , , . thwart the divestment movement or at least soften 

About nine companies have left South Africa iL 

^ Twenty-five companies in Sooth Africa, indud- 

,QaQ oral Motors and Ford, have organized a lobbying 

^ ... group to discourage cities and states from passing 

The latest to leave include Oak Industries, which divestment laws. 

S^v^^sddfWKeS These M other busings often focus their 
drum and pul manufacturing plan? fc Bell d,vestmcQl hs!s avaJab,e 10 P®" 

which sold a 600-employee clothing factory, and 5100 fund mana ^ eTS ' 

Pan American World Airways, which ended twice- Three lists ore most prominently used. One, 
weekly flights to Johannesburg. compiled by the U.S. consulate general in Johan- 

In addition, Pepsico says it plans to sell its 556- nes £urg, generally includes companies that voltm- 
employee bottling plant, while International Har- tarfly A l ^ r a £* n ( l f ie f ? wre - 
vester plans to sell its 556-employee fann-equip- compiled by Arthur D. Lutie Inc, shows whether 
mem manufacturing operations by next month. companies have agreed to abide by the Sulhvan 
” , , j Pnnnples, a set of guidelines wntien b>- the Rev. 

Ford recently announced it was merging its Hxm Sullivan of Philadelphia oiling for, among 
6,673-employee automobile plant with a substd- olher things, equal Iren unem of bind: workers in 
iary of Anglo-American Corp., a South African South Africa. 

conglomerate. Coca-Cola has sold part of its ma- „ , . . . . 

joriw interest in a 4,300-employee bottling plant . 1 ^ lhe ^ comprehensive list is compiled 
and has agreed to relinquish majorirv control with- ^ tite Investor Responsibility Research Center, a 
in two years. nonprofit organizauon that publishes mformanan 

, „ .. m . ... from the other two lists, as well as lists of media 

While these companies gpneraUy attribute thar ^ ^ ^ ^ enterprises with 

withdrawals to corporate restructures or to tite afl^ates in South Africa and the South African 
severe South African recesaon, which has de- lending activities of the top 100 banks in the 
pressed profits of many U.S. operations there, united States 
some officials admit that the time and resources „ , 

needed to fend off bad publicity or to file reports Even tins list is not complete. “I’m sure there are 
about their South African activities have begun to reaybe a dozen companies out there that we just 
make them question the desirability of stayrng. don t know about, says Cathenne Bowers, a re- 
^ , , , « , _ . . search analyst who helped compile the list. 

“The hass le factor has some relevance, said Mr. 

Broderick of Ford. Fund managers also must be careful net to act 

Howeva, divestnrem so far has had little or no 
i^ad °tt the stock pri^ofu^dfi^ °r to 

h m “^^ aCCOr<ta,S fmld ™ nagCrS identifying 13 iSSpanies. mduding Sean. Rne- 
and company officals. buck aid Procter 6 G^bie. that ted been errone- 

Public pension funds control less than 5 percent ously identified on other lists as having operations 
of the stock of U.S. companies. A much larger in South Africa. 

percentage is in the hands of corporate and private The research center also had a mistake on its 
penami funds, which generally are barred under ^ Wang Laboratories subsequently told the 
the federal Employee Retirement Income Security that w had nulled out from South Africa. ■ 


Leon Sullivan of Philadelphia calling for, among 
other things, equal treatment of bind: workers in 
South Africa. 

Perhaps the most comprehensive list is compiled 
by the Investor Responsibility Research Center, a 
nonprofit organization that publishes information 
from the other two lists, as well as lists of media 
with reporters in South Africa, enterprises with 
affiliates in South Africa and the South African 
lending activities of the top 100 banks in the 
United States. 

Even this list is not complete. “I'm sure there ate 
maybe a dozen companies out there that we just 
don’t know about," says Catherine Bowers, a re- 
search analyst who helped compile the list. 

Fund managers also must be careful net to act . 
on outdated, incomplete or inaccurate informs- ' 
non. The Investor Responsibility Research Center 
published an appendix to its list last December 
identifying 13 companies, including Sears, Roe- 
buck and Procter & Gamble, that had been errone- 
ously identified on other lists as having operations 
in South Africa. 

The research center also had a mistake on its 
own list: Wang Laboratories subsequently told the 
center that it had pulled out from South Africa. ‘ 


American Exchange Options 

For the Week Eiufing May 24, 1985 


Option &prtcn Colls 


21 

21* 

25* 

» 

2 

2 

24 

25 

64* 

64*- 

2514 

2514 

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11* 

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Wft 

33 

33 

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33M 2116 23M +114 
14M 14M 14M + Hi 
316 '344 316 

31 31 31 

65 714 7 7 —14 

30 9M 9M 9M 
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503045 29M SOM +1 
2220M 2014 2DM + M 
39272(4 72 12 + W 

1257SM IB 1IM + M 
32154(6 52V, 5244—1 
1992416 34(4 26M + M 
2252046 2BM 20M 

54 5446 +1 

35» 3546 
CM CM— M 
49 53 +4 

CBM 4BM + M 
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9M 946 
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19 19 

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VS » « 
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L2S 107 «711M 11M llM 

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31 A 135 43 W 424* 43V. + M 
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130a 2J 1243V, 4IV6 43M 

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Mb 444 CM 4M 4»— 4* 

SOB 1322100 (516 ISM 1546 

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371 24 MS MM 17* 17* — 44 
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• 5 746 146 146 

US 3 246 3 

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Me 93 790 416 4 .416— M 

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TRW M 34* r r r 

72(6 » r 341 r r 

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32 m r M» r r 

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amr as r r to r 

45 40 6M 746 9-14 116 

45 45 1 <6 26 M 

45 50 13-16 246 5* r 

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56V* 55 2* r r r 

5616 60 r lto r r 

Arkla 20 24* 344 13-14 lto 

2146 22M Ilk 2(6 216 24* 

214* 25 1 lto r r 

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27* 40 r VS r r 

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14M 15 1111-16 * 1(6 

1446 17(6 5-11 11-16 r r 

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34* 35 19-16 3* 146 216 

34* 41 5-16 46 r 5 

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Coovto 25 2(6 r r r 

OunOrt 75 6* r r r 

79* OB 3to 5 W r 

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ESCORTS & 


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soma 

USA A WORlDWfDE 

Head office m New York 
330 W. 5ftti St, N.Y.C 1001? USA 

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INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


(Continued From Back Page) 



ESCORTS & GUIDES I ESCORTS & 



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Tot; 4S6 3734 or 486 1158 
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A-AMERICAN 


11321M 20* 31 Mr +1M 


661 8* BM f" 

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SO 9V, *U W 

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Teh 071 1/64 98 4)5 














































































.Pag. 


8 

s 


ID 

11 




19 





19 


a 

21 

22 



24 






1 

30 




K 


1 

37 



1 

41 


P 

44 

43 



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SO 




PEAJVUTS 


W eRAMm GOT INTO 
TROUBLE AT THE GOLF 
COURSE YESTER0AY... 


WHEN HE PROVE UP 
TO THE CLUBHOUSE, HE 
SAW A SIGN THAT 5AIP, 
“HANP1CAP PARKINS" 


HE SAiD/AWHANPJCAP 
IS RFTEai^SO HE * 
RARKEP THERE ! I 


l IN THE GAME OF LIFE. 
6RAMPA HAS A STRING 
I OF POUBLE 80GEY5„ 


books 


BLONDIE 


I OF POUBLE BOGEYS^ AGATHA CHRISTIE: 

| _ _ U. ._ A Biography 

f /o\ 1 By Jam Morgan. 393 pages. Illustrated 

I \ ? t ZJ $ $18.95. 

£ Alfred A. Knopf, 201 East 40th Street, 

3 ks^lSXsLssi^i ** ft * N - r - 10021 

Reviewed by John Gross 


going Ml WWjSSlSSSC 
grace of a brother cdM L vunec* 

right name for him) and . r 0 - j ^ in 

•3Sa which seem 

later life than ^ 

fato wto.came frem New ^ 


tamer, whv . nls was reuwu 

W^&13dW J 


'CHAOSEl 

l rr ) 


_ ACROSS 


.'■30 0’ 

31 Ml 

32 Cb 

:-34Cu 
lol 
35 U.; 
■3«Rl 
37 Pu 
. SU] 

-38Ci’ 
. di* 
39 Ca 
_ 41 So 
lai 


53 Difficult 

. _ . . . 55 Bronze 

I Christiania, incrustation 22 Nyloi 

today 57 Mesozoic 24Smal 

SUncertam reptile 25 Cast! 

«£ fforts t w, 61 Author Ludwig abodi 

10 — « !habla 62 Dante was one 26 Love, 

ingles 64 Number Ted style 

14 Bellow Wil lianas wore 27Biesi 

15 Fabled fabler gs Wyatt’s family actw 

18 f ?L ®® 50,0 for 29 Kind 

Miss Muffet Leontyne 31 Fnpii 

17 Two-master Price heioe 

19 Cow’s fly 57 propagative 32 Friar 

*a ""S" „ source event 

20 Autl ^J^ e 68 Perch 34 River 

TTTT 69 invitation req. 36 Doc ft 

21 ^My kingdom 46 Be be 

23 Midday DOWN 

24 Icelandic 43 Divln 

money I Heavenly 45Tyca 

25 Astronaut’s 47LabO! 

quarters JKmd 49 Birds 

28 Vistula feeder J g 1 

jq -*gj i •• 4 Get things 54 

33 Flabbergasted together m . . . 

35 Tennis score 5 —Domingo 55 Write 

37 Pablo’s uncle * in Wyo. 56 Frenc 

38 Teed off 7 “ s — ,*° „g rlfn 

39 Select group Tell a Lie" 57 Monel 

41 monster 8 — : ton Itahai 

42 Genesis ship society) coin 

43 Trotsky 8 JaveUn 58 Af feci 

44 Some steaks Moss Hart’s manni 

46 Defunct autobiography 59N.Y.L 

alliance 11 Forty days, B.Y.U 

48LikeChablis literally BOHarve 

50 Siren warning 12 "Trinity" 63 ATha 

51 Loop author langui 

O New York Tones, edited by Eugene Malabo. 


— senaoia 62 Dante was one 28 Love, Italian 


64 Number Ted 


Williams wore 27 Big sister of 17 
65 Wyatt’s family Across 


66 Solo for 
Leontyne 
Price 

67 Propagative 
source 

68 Perch 


69 invitation req. 36 Doc for pets 
46 Be bested 


DOWN 


1 Ea 
’ 20c 
' 3 Pa 

4 Sic 

5 Of 
' lir 

6 Li 

7**5 

Di 

Ei 

8 Li 
Lt 
be 

9 Bi 
10W 

no 

w 

12 R 
b< 


13 Unemployed 
18 Make amends 
22 Nylons 

24 Small cluster 

25 Castilian 
abodes 


| I I#. 

BEETLE BAILEY 





CHARGE, 

PLEASE 


- 1 WHO Hf 

tws we 

— 1 SHUT 


“T CHIEFLY associate her with fluffy 
i. wml ” Aeatha Christie once told an 


J. wool," Agatha Christie once told an 
admirer who haa asked her about Miss Marple. 
And what does one associate with Agatha 
Christie? Flowered chintz, French windows, a 
twin set and pearls, sensible shoes? With all the 


vy w_ 9 viii enitunwu 

rSs^WaSffi 




appurtenances of a country lady, at any rate a ■ — happier marriage ai . w 

represemative figure of her time (bom 1890) °* Maltowan. 15 yea» her 

nW Fnolandt and daSS fUD- »gC of 40 M MW • mMcer 


marriage 


SAR&E IS 

hopping 

MAP, , 
BEETLE/ ^ 


'HE SAYS SET OVER ¥ 
TO THE OFFICE'. HES i 
GOlblG TO THROW • | 
THE BOOK AT YOU/ % 


29 Kind of coat 

31 Engine-room 
helper 

32 Friars Club 
event 

34 River in Wales 


Uatx 


1 Heavenly 
bodies 

2 Kind 

3 Den 

4 Get things 
together 

5 Domingo 

6 Range in Wyo. 

7 "It’s to 

Tell a Lie” 

8 ton (high 

society) 

9 JaveUn 

10 Moss Hart's 
autobiography 

11 Forty days, 
Uterally 

12 "Trinity” 
author 


41 Award for a tot 
43 Diving bird 
45 Tycoon 
47 Labored 
49 Birds' words 
52 Less risky 

54" of robins 

In . . 

55 Writes 

56 French 
girlfriend 

57Moneta , 

Italian's gold 
coin 

58 Affected 
manner 
59N.Y.U.or 
B.Y.U. 

60 Harvest 
63 A Thai 
language 


ANDY CAPP 



and place (southern England) and class (up- 
per-middle). 

' In some ways she was as much of a stock 
character as the men and women in her novds. 
and though she shunned publicity, most of her 
readers must fed they have a pretty dear idea 
of what she was like. Sensible but superficial, 
brisk and humorous, invincibly respectable, 
stoutly English — never more so than when she 
was on her travels abroad or roughing it with 
her archaeologist husband in Iraq. 

This picture was largely confirmed by the 
autobiography that was published (in a heavily 
edited verson) in 1977, the year following her 
death. It is a coherent picture, as far as it goes; 
but can it be the whole truth? Surely, the most 
successful mystery writer of the century ought 
to have a beat just a little bit more mysterious 
herself. Such a feeling has prompted a good 
deal of biographical speculation, and some 
out-and-out fantasy, particularly about the one 


junior, quiiuessauially English j* -“■[ 
(though both his parents were in fact 
an)?indue course to become one 
British archaeologists or h« generat.oiiMrt 


Bntisn arcnaeojogjais «.■« __ h 

ean is equally effective in plotting Uie graP h ™ 
« an author and de- 


Ofttf as an author ^ «■ 

scribing her working habits, to 
naneesf her attempts to cope with fne micro- 
idiocies of publishers and the 
run. compam^^v^.ur^mtothctotcf. 


the mouniainous success of ‘‘The Mousetrap, 
There are plenty of &006 anecdotes, anu a 
stead) of ““rt^Omucm™- 


raTSBhMo of Lord MwMMk 

daims to have devised the plot of The Murder 

of Roger Ackroyd.” for example. 

There are only a few passages ut the ihwc. 
however, where wc feel that we are m *c 


undeniably melodramatic episode in her ca- 
reer, the 10 days in 19215 when she disappeared 
and became the object of a nationwide search. 

In 1980, her family decided that the time had 
come for an authorized biography,, and cn- 


presence of a less straightforward personality 
than the Agatha Christie of legend. One, natu- 
rally enoughTis the account of her disappear- 
ance; another is the account of a recurrent 
childhood dream in which she was stalked by a 
figure she called the “Gun Man.” who was 
frightening not so much because he earned a 
gun but because of the strange way he stared at 
her with his pale blue ey«. 


DENNIS THE MENACE 



This is KOTa Ran6E and tour home is mwm?* 


THAT SCRAMBLED WORD GAME 
D by Henrt Arnold and Bab Lea 


Unscramble ths» (our Jumbles, 
one letter to each square, to tarn 
lour ordinary words. 


CEMIN 


LEXEP 


ftSX i 


MAINEA 


DEWIST 


A COUNTERFEITER 
IS THE ONLY /VUN 
IN THE WOKLC? 
WHO MAKES MORE 
. MONEY THAN THIS. 


Now arrange the dreted letters to 
lorni the surprise answer, as sug- 
gested by Uh above cartoon. 


i Answer here: ANYONE 


-E 

( 

{ Friday' * 


(Armrars tomorrow) 

Jumbles: UMBO BFIAWL FUTURE PYTHON 
Answer Whan it comes to a dishwasher, most every 


WEATHER 


EUROPE 


Aimhmiam 

Attwns 

Barceiuxi 


23 73 17 63 


31 88 21 70 
22 72 13 5S 


( Berlin 
I teM 


» 12 12 34 
a B2 13 SI 


a 82 13 SB 
a 7V 12 54 


emkok 
BaUbw 
Horn Kora 

MfloHo 
IM* EMM 
S6M1 
smumi 


\ MaMM 
| DsMln 
I Edlnbmh 
J FlorvncB 
i Frankfort 
r Ocmvo 
I HeWnki 
€ nsoatMil 
I Lo»f>slmas 
C UUMB 
t LmdM 


a 7i ii ss 

a 77 * 48 


a 73 14 97 
H « 11 52 


HIGH LOW 
C F C F 
39 84 24 7S 
24 a 12 54 

32 n a a 

34 n j? |4 

a ioo a M 

a 7* 17 63 
23 72 78 64 
a 86 26 79 
30 86 25 77 
27 81 21 a 


AFRICA 


a 86 12 54 
a 7V II S3 


23 73 7 45 
a 77 18 64 


Alston 
Cairo 
Com Town 
CamM uco 


34 75 16 61 
17 63 15 5V 


21 70 » 55 
34 » 9 a 


» 84 13 35 
34 93 19 66 
23 73 7 45 

16 <1 14 57 
20 « 12 54 
30 86 23 77 
22 72 14 57 
36 » 17 63 


LATIN AMERICA 


L 


Uunlcb 



Wet 



ona 


4 

Paris 


< 

Prasut 


C 

RerfcltnriK 


c 

Roma 

1 * 


SSstdifcoim 

1 

c 

t 

c 

Slruitawni 

VMkv 

vtomw 


Wtutuia 

; 

c 

Zwieti 


27 81 18 64 
19 66 ID » 


30 86 15 59 
27 81 ID 50 


■annum 

Lima 

MaakaCHy 
mao* Jam lr« 
SaoPButo 


23 73 a a 
to 68 13 S5 


25 77 18 64 


8 46 3 36 

» 84 17 63 


NORTH AMERICA 


23 73 8 46 
29 84 12 54 


» 66 6 43 pc 
» 84 16 61 fr 


38 82 17 63 
27 11 13 55 


a 7V 10 50 
27 81 11 53 


MIDDLE EAST 

Ankara 22 72 6 43 


Detroit 

HoroMb 


» 86 13 55 
27 81 II 53 


29 84 12 54 
31 87 21 » 


Betnrt 
OwiMMuc 
Jormatem 
Tel Aviv 


30 86 IS 59 
3 73 W 63 


LMAMOlOt 

Miami 

MtoWMsaOt 

Moittrool 


fi 90 20 68 
24 75 17 63 


31 88 a 73 if 

at 79 12 54 K 

24 75 U 57 Ir 

31 88 23 73 


30 86 17 63 


OCEANIA 


-£ AocUoad 
£ Svrtwr 

? chdnet 1 


16 61 8 41 

to 68 10 50 


New York 
Son FrandKO 
S oothe 
Toronto 
WmMiiston 


X 85 10 64 
18 64 11 52 


19 66 10 SB 
24 75 10 50 


2V 04 19 66 


f-f qif-' o^voree*!; oe-aortlr daudv; r^ n; 

>n-Miuim if m SHOW, SwOTItV, 


MONDAYS FORECAST — CHANNEL: Vary dnapy. FRANKFURT: Fair 

T «™' W— 12 163 — 54). MADRID; 
ISEK; 1° (48— Ml. MEW YORICr Folr. Temp. 29—19 184—661. 
, ?i. p 2T t "' SouOv. Temp. 23 — 17 (73— a), ROME: Fair. Tamo. 30 17 

a*“ift*B TE fen A SKL s mt 1 fc 30 r 17 

Wr - T,nw - 



C'MON NOW, /MATE. 
NCUSHCUUOBE j 
> TAKING /WORE < 
r OAREpFYSELF\ 
AT’VOURTVWE J 
OF LIFE— K 


S UKE GETTING TO BS> 
if s eard/and building 

UPNOURENEftSV- 


TLL DRINK 
. TO THAT j 


HE VERV INTS2ESTH5 IN > 
LENGTHENING HIS CHWS — HE'S 
ZWIORE OCNCERNED ABOUT -< 
V ,m ■>=- ydfcgi PROLONGING 
« M em3r\ HIS NIGHTS 


trusted the job to Janet Morgan, a writer previ- 
ously best known for her four-volume edition 


ously best known for her four-volume edition 
of the posthumously published diaries of the 


Labor politician Richard Crossman — one of 
the most revealing works about British politics 
to have appeared in recent years. It was an 
imaginative choice, and it has proved a highly 
successful one. Morgan writes with clarity and 
wit, she organizes her material with a deft 
touch, and she brings to life vanished worlds 
with a sure sense oT social nuance. 

There is an excellent account, for a start, of 


She recalls this dream in her autobiography. 
Hina ih.it in later life it look the form of 


WIZARD of ID 


the comfortable south coast resort of Torquay 
where the young Agatha Miller grew up. We 


THINWN<5 A N 
K>riAm/mSr 
D\& ^ 

OFomc^^C 
aw /S& 
v 'Zxkfc Mr* 


I'M 

&AVT 0 

UG4fZ 

Wnr 



..s?Otir ^ 
comwe^ 
am 

M0?& J 


where the young Agatha Miller grew up. We 
are given just the right amount of detail, not 
too little and not too much, about her easy- 


Solution to Friday’s Puzzle 


adding that in later life ir took the form of 
dreaming that she was among friends or family 
and suddenly sensing that one of them was 
realty the Gun Man; but Morgan points out 
that m a novel she published under the name 
“Mary WesunacotT the manifestation is de- 
scribed in more specific and more terrifying 
terms: “You looked up in Mummy's face —of 
course it was Mummy — and then you saw the 
light steely blue eyes* — and from the sleeve of 
Mummy's dress — oh, horror! — that horrible 
stump. 

If this reads like an open invitation to psy- 
choanalysts. Morgan's account of the disap- 
pearance frequently strikes a satirical note. 




REX MORGAN 


HAVING BEEN REASSURED BY 
DR. MORGAN THAT HE HAS NO PHYSICAL ILLNESS. 
BRADY BISHOP EXPRESSES INCREASING CONCERN 
ABOUT HIS WIFE CLAUDIA i S* 


1 COULD UNDERSTAND HER 1 
MISSING CAR PAYMENTS, ■ 
DOCTOR— BUT WHEN CHECKS 
Bounce for insufficient 

FUNDS, THAT REALLY 
WORRIES ME t SHE'S ALWAYS J 
BEEN METICULOUS ABOUT OUR / 


YOU ASKED IF CLAUD/A 
COULD BE ON DRUGS/ 
ABSOLUTELY NOT/ SHE'D 
NEVER TOUCH THINGS LIKE 
SPEED OR HEROIN ' . 


1 WHAT 1 
^ ABOUT ■ 
COCAINE? 


C1DE1D 0CDEH2O PIDnn 
DEnn Hanaia nnaa 
□GnQEiaaaQs □□□□ 
□nanaa QBanaEia 
□dqbq ana 
□BQoanaEn □□□□□□ 
deqb aanaa non 
bed aanaaBa bob 
□bid □□□□□ Baas 

QBE3BQQ □HQQQaQa 
□□□ □□□□□ 
EEQQaaa BaaoBa 

dddd . noiaEicaaoana 

□QBE QCDIDBQ BBDB 
ocao ataaao aaaa 


Rightly so: the popular press turned the epi 
sode into 3 carnival, with many attention! ab- 
surdities. But there can be no doubt that Chris- 
tie herself suffered a serious breakdown at this 
time, triggered by learning that her husband 
had fallen in love with another woman — 
though it also seems of some relevance that her 
mother hod died not long before. 

In the end, despite the occasional dark as- 
pect, she remains an obstinately uomysierious 
figure. U there an: still things to be' learned 
about her. it is probably by looking into her 
work nuber than die outward circumstances of 
her life diat they will be found. But meanwhile 
the story of that life has now been told in an 
authoritative and highly readable fashion. 


f] 


John Gross is on the staff of The New York 
Times. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 


GARFIELD 


O N die diagramed deal 
West overcalled one bean 


I THINK I'LL 
EXERCISE 


IV BETTER 
START SLOWLY 


T QPAV I SHALL 

AJJPQPT T0 , 

REGISTER J 
1 A PULSE f 



V-A West ovcrcalled one heart 
with one spade, and later dou- 
bled South’s dubious two- 
beart bid for penalties. 

North, who had made a neg- 
ative double of the overcalL 
had a problem when two 
hearts was doubled. 

At one table North retreated 
into three diamonds, was dou- 
bled and suffered a 300-point 


penalty. He probably thought 
he had lost points, but in the 


l@weSUiitodRawSvnfcato.lnc 


he had lost points, but in the 
replay North chose to redou- 
ble, as shown. 

This was no doubt intended 
to be an S.O.SL, but his partner 


did not see any prospect of 
finding a better spot South 
knew that he was m trouble, 
and chose to pass, a disastrous 
dedsioo. If one is about to faQ, 
it is better to play doubled 
than redoubled. 

West took two spade win- 
ners and shifted to his single- 
ton dub. South won with tire 
ace and led the diamond jack. 
East, took the ace and gave his 
partner a dub ruff. West took 
his remaining spade winner 
and exited with a riiamond- 

South won in dummy and 
tried to ruff a spade. But East 
produced the bean nine, an 
uppercut that forced an over- 
ruff with the queen. Now West 


could not be prevented from 
scoring three trump tricks. 


NORTH (D) 

♦ J 108 4 

•7 — 

O K Q9«2 
*K754 

west , „ . east 

SifS.’l ?!, 

« 1# 7 0 A 8 5 3 

+ « * Q J ID 8 3 2 

SOUTH 
'+832 
9 A QS753 
.9J1 
♦ as 

Eoal rad We* wen- vulnerable. 
He h4drttng: 

Tte* Era! Saudi wen 

Pra» Pass |T 1 * 

DU. 2 ♦ " IT dm. 

JtedbL' Pass Pass Pass 

West lad spade kinf. 


SPORTS BRIEFS 


Cubs First to Back Strike Authorization 

CHICAGO (AP) — The Chicago Cubs became the first ^major-league baseball 


Celticsvs. Lakers: A Long, Glorious History 


team to support a strike authorization by the player union’s executive board. "It 
was 25-tx>fl, T1 Keith Moreland, the team’s player representative, said Friday. ““We the Los Angeles Lakers and the 
discussed everything. The owners have offered nothing legitimate." Boston Celtics have met eight times 

Don Fehr, the union’s acting executive director, met with the Cubs beforehand, id decide the National Basketball 
launching a two-week tour of the 26 teams to assess sentiment about a walkouL Association championship. And. as 


v By Sam McMaiiis 

-league baseball kw Angela Tima Service 

utive board. “It BOSTON — In the last 25 years, 
lid Friday. “We the Los Angeles Lakers and the 
” Boston Celtics have met eight times 


Lanny Wadkins Leads in Memorial Golf. 


DUBLIN, Ohio (UP!) — Lanny Wadkins shot the last five holes in four under all eight times, 
par on his way to a 5-under 67 Saturday and led after three rounds of the Memorial The rivalry began in the 1958-59 


the banners hanging from the 
rafters of ancient Boston Garden 
will tell you, the Celtics have won 


i 1 




than in this series. The Celtics were 
leading by 10 points with 40 sec- 
onds to play in Game 7, but the 
Lakers dosed to 95-93 with four 
seconds left. John Havficek simply 
oribbled out the remaining time. 

That was Auerbach’s final ww 
as coach. He handed over the rams 

to Russell, but remained the gener- 
al manager. 


golf tou rnamen t Wadkins, five strokes behind Hale Irwin entering the round, was season when the Celtics beat the 


at 208 with Irwin at 209. 

Wadkins, playing in the t h ree so me in from of Irwin, trailed by three shots going 
lo the 15th, but reached the 490-yard, par-5 hole in two shots ana rolled in a 25-foot 


Minneapolis Lakers for the title. 
After the Lakers moved to Los An- 
geles in I960, the Celtics beat them 


putt for eagle-3. Irwin, who had played the first two rounds without a bogey, for the championship seven times, 
shooting 68 each day, had trouble off the tee and bogeyed the hole. the last time a year ago. 

Both players btnfied the 16th and 17th, then Wadkins, despite driving into a Although the Critics have won 
fairway trap, sank a 20-foot putt for birdie on 18 that gave him the lead. a0 the titles over the years, the 

B31 Kratzert, at four back tied with Dave Barr and Nick Price for second place at Lakers have made them go ali sev- 
the start of the round, carded 71 and was third at 211. Lou Hinkle, the first-round en games of the series four times 
co-leader, had 71 and was at 213 with Bill Rogers, who shot 70. Barr double and to ax games twice. The only 
bogeyed No. 17 and bogeyed 18 for 74-214 while Price shot 76-216. sweep was in the 1958-59 playoff. 

Mom’s C ommand Wins FUHes’ Acorn Slakes 

• 1938-39. Celtics, 4-U. The dos- 


f airway trap, sank a 20-foot putt for birdie on 18 that gave him the lead. all 

Bill kratzert, at four back tied with Dave Barr and Nick Price for second pLace at La 
the start of the round, carded 71 and was third at 211. Lon Hinkle, the first-round en 
co-leader, had 71 and was at 213 with Bill Rogers, who shot 70. Barr double an 
bogeyed No. 17 and bogeyed 18 for 74-214 while Price shot 76-216. sw 


ELMONT, New York (AP) — Mom's Command led all the way Saturday for a est the Minneapolis Lakers came to 
three-length triumph over Le UArgent in the one-mile Acorn Stakes for 3-yiear-olds winning was in Game 4, when the 
at Belmont Park. 


seme was 118-113. Afterward, the 
Ridden by Abby Fuller, the daughter of the horse’s owner, Peter Fuller, Mom’s Critics carried their coach, Red 
Command led by as many as 10 lengths before Le L’ Argent made a move under Auerbach, ci g ar in hand 1 off the 



V* 



• 1967-68. Critics, 4-2. In Rus- 
sell's second of three seasons as 
player-coach, the Celtics won the 
championship in six gamp* The 
final game was not even dose, as 
the Critics routed the Lakers. 124- 
109, behind Havlicek’s 40 points. 

• Celtics, 4-3. People 
rtill talk about this series, especially 
SJP*. 7 - J?* Crimes won by io^ 

£anta to Don Ndsoo’sjump 
shot that hit the from of the rfm, 
bounced four feet into the air and 
swished through the hoop. Thai 
gaw Boston a 105-102 Wand the 
Lasers never recovered. It was the 
only senes m which the Lakns had 


Gary Stevens midway through the first kg of die New York Racing Association’s floor in exultation. The best perfor- Tn vxihmnv etS firtim* halUif-fanraro , 

triple crown for fillies. DipSette finished third. I2fc lengths back. mance was turned in by Boon’s “J 4* 9* 9*“* 

_ mrarri. Bob Cbusv whn had “*• Kussell S BM oia f a reooiBKi a way from Lakers’ Elgin 

Golf’s Vardon Trophy Rules Stiffened ifi and C assis* in Game 3. Baylor as Bob Daisy and, beMndl«iii,Jmy West watched. 


n in m 1 1 n , guard, Bob Cousy, who had 23 

Golfs Vardon Trophy Rules Stiffened paints and is assists in Game 3 . Bayior as Bob Dsy and, be 

* . • 1961-61 Celtics, 4-3. This was 

DUBLIN, Ohio (AP) — A new rule intended to stiffen the requirements for the Lakers’ second season in Los team a 117-115 victory, and in 
Vardon Trophy competition has been adopted by the Professional Golfers Assoria- Angeles, and they gave the Critics Game 5, at Boston Garden, all-star ers were without Baylor in "thiTse- 
tl0 5&£.£ ep 9 Atou *- „ , .. ... , allthcy could handle before falling teammate Elgin Baylor got 61 ties. Their star forward injured hie 

After the rule goes into effect this wot if a player withdraws for any reason inovfftime in Game 7, 110-107. points and 22 rebounds in a 126- knee in the first game of the nW 
btfore completing a round, or is disqualified for any reason, be will be ineligible for The score was tied at 100 with 121 victory. offs, against the Baltimore Btmeis 

any of the tour’s statistical categories for the year and ineligible for the coveted fou r second s remaining in regular • 1 962-63. Celtics, 4-2. In “ ‘ " 

trophy, awarded by the PGA to the player with the lowest stroke average. ton time when the Lakers’ guard Cousy’s final season, the Celtics 


• 1964-65. Celtics, 4-1. The Lak- 


1962-63. Celtics, 4-2. In SrtfcSTS: 
y’s final season, the Celtics West took over the scoring, aveS S£m2i! ^ seconds without 
off the Lakers again in a tough ing40.6 points in II playoff £*25”?$ * fbot, finally passine 

s. When Game 6 was over aid induding games of 47 and45 w? ¥ *f^ do ° right before the 
Celtics had won, 1 12-109, points agamst the Celtics. rr™ “ 9®™ 4, at the Forum, 

y jubibnily beared the ball But the Critics, again ted by Rus. aSdSeTw Iw °. free throws 

rdtbe.Fonmis rafters. . relL were too strtmg to overcome. hrfnu f. bad pass in regulation 


ue of the play- 
timore Bufleis. 


T^s was Russeffs finai season, 
and Boston s llthchampioiSpiQ 
the 13 years of the RnsseD era. 

i ”Wch the 


entidsm of ( 
tournaments 


lUW ■ U -J - , — — Ufi, JOSnTl HUuJ .1 ■ UIU/* 

tion time when the Lakers’ guard, Cousy’s final season, tile Critics West took over the scoring, averse itfal.lli- ““ seconds without 
Frank Sdvey, an excellent outside fadd off the Lakers again in atough ing 40.6 pants in II playoff games' toiSS, } s™*,. finally passing 


Hnes-HeritageOassic in April after playing the frerat side in 41, daimiiig he was QL sdl. grabbed the rebound, sending Cousy jubilantly beared 
and the sccae did not count on his Varaon average. the same to overtime. Given that toward the Forum’s raftei 

llli# vmamAL m iwnont rtf fl rtl ■ 1 1 ra n m. rn . .1 . . « m m gTm |.» . 1 “ 9 a V 


This month, in the Tournament of Champions, he was disqualified after he was reprieve, the Critics outsoored the 
unable to determine the number of sorites taken on the fifth hole, where he needed Lakers, 10-7, to win the title. Tom Heinsohn’s steal and a lay-up 
four to reach the green, then mok at least five swings with his putter, several time In Game 3 the Lakers’ all-star in the final 13 seconds. Cousy 
huting the ball while it was in motion. With disqualification, his score was not guard, Jerry West, made a lay-up sprained his ankle in the fourth 
entered in the records, although he later was heavily fined by the PGA right before ihe buzzer to give his quarter bui continued playing. 


Cousy jubilantly beared the bah 
toward the Forum’s rafters. 

The Critics clinched the series on 
Tom Heinsohn’s steal and a lay-up 


o ’Tk, I 5 ™* 10 overcome. briorcXr^! *? Ration 

RussriL who had an eye injury, got And ^ S Qcs ^ on m overtime. 


«*“ eye inrurv ent a m over time 

30 rebounds in Game5 which ?£, ■ A ? d - m Game 7, in the swelter 
Celtics won, 129^ 3 * ^ “b of the 

. 1965^56. Celtics. 4-3. The Lak- 

ers frustrauons were nerer higher S * Ukere 








rvW' 



ktfgr 



1 — 'ZS. 


INTERNATIONAL HFRAT.D TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 


Page 13 


SPORTS 


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Grebsky’s lst-Period Blitz Leads Oilers Past Flyers, 4-3 


EDMONTON, Alberta — In 
Philadelphia, they scornfully called 
him “Wayne Who?” 

But Way™ 


tayne Gretzky got his re- 


STANLEY CUP FINALS 


. ..v •. *v.- 


The NWttvk Tran 

Wayne Gretzky: *1 was pretiy Mgh at die start, reafly ready to goi’ 


venge here Saturday night with a 
first-period hal trick that led the 
Edmonton Oilers to a 4-3 victory 
over the Flyers and a 2-1 lead in the 
besi-of-sevm Stanley Cup final se- 
ries. 

Gretzky scored the first two 
goals of the game IS seconds apart 
in registering the Gist three-goal 
game of the season by one player 
against the defense-minded Flyers. 
Paul Coffey had four assists as he 
and Gretzky altered several Stanley 
Dip records. 

It was the first time a player had 
scored three goals in one period 
during the cu p finals since De- 
troit's Ted Lindsay and Montreal’s 
Maurice Richard both turned the 
trick in 1955. Gretzky’s 41 playoff 
points and 27 assists shattered two 
records he set in 1983. Coffey’s 22 
assists are a cup mark for a defense- 
man. erasing Bobby Orris 1972 re- 
cord of 19. 

Gretzky is tied with Stan MUdta 
for sixth on the all- Lime playoff 
pants list with 150. He is also tied 
with Jean Bdrveau for third place 
with 97 assists, jost four behind 
Denis Potvin,. the all-time leader. 

~I don’t thmfc it was a case of ns 
starting off slow,” said Mike 
gwoian . the Philadelphia coach. 
“It was a case of Edmonton start- 
ing out. . . . Tm gang to rephrase 
that: Mr. Gretzky didn’t waste any 
time in showing us his abilities.” 

Still, the Flyers hardly sat back 


in admiration. Down, 4-1, with 11 
minutes remaining, they gave the 
sellout crowd of 17,498 a scare. 
Mart Howe netted a rebound of a 
Rick Tocchet shot with 10:52 to 
play. And. frith 5:34 left, Brian 
Prqpp put home a backhander off 
Grant r uhris pad from a sharp an- 
gle to the left of the goal tender. 

Philadelphia continued to press 
for the tying goal, and with 14 sec- 
onds left Tocchet broke free down 
the slot and Murray Craven put the 


puck on his stick. Tocchet merely 
deflected it into Fuhris pads, how- 
ever, and when Gretzky controlled 
the faceof r, the Oilers bad survival. 

After 20 shots on goal in the first 
period, Edmonton was limited to 
six the rest of the way — and just 
two in the final 20 minutes. The 
Oilers did have opportunities, al- 
though they often made one pass 
too many or shot wide. 

*We i started to retreat a little bit. 
which isn't is our game plan,” said 


Edmonton Coach Glen Sather. 
“We overpassed the puck and got 
too cute around the net. You can’t 
do that against Phiily. They won't 
quit if iheyie behind 7-1." 

Until the Flyers' gallant come- 
back, the night belonged to 
Gretzky. All of his goals came with 
both teams a man snort, as he took 
advantage of the extra we to break 


it’s five-on-five," said 
Gretzky, the Flyers play “treroen- 


Sullivan Winner of Indy 500 


The Aaociatcd Press 

INDIANAPOLIS — Danny 
Sullivan outdrove almost certain 
disaster and held off Mario An- 
dretti to win the Indianapolis 
500 here Sunday. Sullivan’s per- 
formance at the world's richest 
auto race left Andretti empty- 
handed tea the 16th straight 
year. 

Sullivan, 35 and in his third 
Indy, took the lead for good on 
the 140th of 200 laps on India- 
napolis Motor Speedway’s 2-5- 
mue (4.01 -kilometer) oral, just 
21 laps after his racer spun 360 
degrees, narrowly avoiding both 
the wall and Andretti’s car. 

Ms Maith-Cosworth bear An- 
dretti’s Lola to the finish by 3.4 
seconds, averaging 152JJ82 miles 
per hour (245.74 kph) and cover- 
ing the 50 0 miles in 3 hours, 16 
minutes and 6.069 seconds. 

The Iasi of the day's nine can- 
lions came with eight laps re- 
maining, when Bill Whittington 


hit the wall along Turn 3. That 
put the Andretti right behind 
Sullivan for the final green flag) 
with three taps remaining. When 
the flu dropped, however, Sulli- 
van pulled steadily clock- 
ing laps of better than 205 mph 
en route to taking the checkered 
dag in the S3 muSon race. 

But it had taken luck and true 
driving skill to keep him in the 
race at afl. Sullivan ducked be- 
low Andretti on Turn 1 of lap 
120, and briefly held the lead. 
But the rear end of his car sud- 
denly slid out and he went into a 
tire-smoking spin toward the 
concrete wall Andretti braked 
hard, hesitating momentarily as 
he tried to figure out on which 
side to move past Sullivan. 

A veteran of 20 Indy 500s, 
Andretti chose to go underneath 
and got past as Sullivan some- 
how kepi his car clear of the wall 
Sullivan straightened out, got 
back up to speed and continued 



Danny Sullivan 


racing. M 1 was just holding on,” 
be said in Victory Lane. “That 
spin was everything.” 


dous, disciplined hockey. They 
play really tight in their zone. But 
when it’s four on four, we enjoy 
that open ice. I was pretty high at 
the start, really ready to go. 1 got 
the open pucks and put them in 
and it gave me that extra lift-” 

Keenan was not happy with the 
repeated four-on-fours, as 15 mi- 
nor penalties in the first period 
resulted in only 3 minutes and 53 
seconds of fuH-slrength hockey. 
Asked if he felt Edmonton was de- 
liberately creating such situations 
by provoking penalties, the Flyer 
coach said: “When a team has the 
four best players in the world and 
can get them out four-on-four, you 
can draw your own conclusion. It 
was very convenient for the num- 
ber of colls tonight to set up four- 
on-four situations.” 

It was expected that play would 
open up here cm the excellent ice 
surface of Northlands Coliseum, 
but nobody could have imagined 
the extent of (he turnabout from 
the defensive struggles at the Phila- 
delphia Spectrum. 

Flyer goalie Pelie Lindbergh 
stopped a two-on-one break 10 sec- 
onds into the game, at which time 
Philadelphia's Ron Sutter drew the 
night's first penalty. When Oiler 
Mark Napierjoined him in the box 
46 seconds later, it was time for 
offensive sparks. 

Coffey missed a pass from Jari 
Kurd in the slot, but Gretzky raced 
in behind him and fired the puck 
past Lindbergh at 1:10. Gretzky 
dumped the puck into the right- 
wing comer off the face-off and 
Coffey was first to get there. 
Gretzky broke fa the net, took 
Coffey's pass and scored again at 
1:25. 


It was still lour on four 16 sec- 
onds later when Coffey blocked a 1 
shot by Doug Crossman and Der-. 
rick Smith pounced on the puck to 
beat Fuhr and make it 2-1. 

Gretzky went limping to tire 
bench a few minutes later with a 
tightness in his thigh, but he was - 
back to score at 13:32, cutting 
across in front to take Mark Mes- 
sier's pass from the left point and 
beat a helpless Lindbergh. 

Late in the period, overlapping 
penalties to Ed Hospodar and Sut- - 
ter had Philadelphia facing a (wo- 
man shortage for 84 seconds. - 
Keenan replaced Lindbergh with 
Bob Froese, who stopped all four- 
Oiler shots. 

Lindbergh was back in the nets, 
at the start of the second period, ■ 
but when Mike Krushdnyski de- ■ 
fleeted a Coffey drive past him at . 
6:58 to make it 4-1, Keenan again 
summoned Froese, who finished -. 
the game. 

The Flyers came up with another 
problem when right wing Tim Kerr 
reinjured his right knee and was 
removed by Keenan in the first 
period. His presence for (he re- 
mainder of the series is doubtfuL 

Edmonton's Mark Napier saw ‘ 
limited duty after Hospodar 
rapped him in the mouth with his 
stick in the first period, breaking ; 
three of Napier's teeth. There was 
no penalty called by referee Bryan ’ 
Lewis. 

Of his minor injury, Gretzky 
said, “Sutter look my body as I was 
spuming and caught my leg going 
the wrong way. 

“It was a little tight at the top of 
my thigh, but I'm sure HI be all 
right Tuesday" — when the teams . 
meet in Game 4. (WP. AP. UPI) . 


SCOREBOARD 


Baseball 


Tennis 


Blue Jays, on Late Rally, Run Streak to 6 


Friday’s and Saturday’s Major League line Scores Ist-Ronnd French Open Pairings 




FRIDAY'S RESULTS 
AMERICAN LEAGUE 
>1S HI 


U 1 

1SD3M— < 13 1 
Alexander, Lama (Si. Acker (71. Caudill (B). 
Loveiie (91 and wtim.- CnnL Barkley (31 and 
Benton. W— Lamp. 4-0. U-Creet M. Sv— Lo- 
vatla 13). HRs— Toronto Mosebv M), Whitt 
Ml- 

Boston HO MB OH— ■ 1 8 

Ten HO 81D Mx— 1 S • 

Boyd and Gedman; Hough and Brummor. 
w— Hough, 4-3. L— Boyd, 43. 

Mtnmsnta «U QMHV-4 « 8 

MHwooHjm 0H 238 ltx— S U 1 

Smithson. Wtandie (9) and Salat; Burrto, 
Ladd 171, Finger* (91 and Moore. W — Burris. 
*4. C— SmlttHon.4J.Sv— Fingers (5). N«»— 
Minnesota, Gaetti (*), Bnmamky (J2>. MIL 
•Mouhee, Matttar (2). .. . 

Chicago HO 9W 3M— « 18 1 

Kansu TOy 083 8H31X-8 1I 3 

Burns, Sp timer (SI. Agosta (7), Nelson (31 
and Fisk: JackaoivOuiaanl»rry(7Iand9«md- 
, 3wrg.W-^iacksan,3-2.Li—BwntoS4.Sv— Gal- 
'yenborrv 17). 

'Wantmarw: - OH 361 BK-4 12 8 

CaWorala 811 OH 188— # 7 1 

Davie and D em ps e y; Staton. CHfcum (6), 
and Boone, w— Oavla, M. L — CHbum, 1-L 
HRs — Baft! nvorn. Sheets 1*1, Connolly (31- 
Mew York - 038 MO m-18 11 I 

Oakland 8N181H8-3 ( .1 

Cowley, Fishtr IS), RtgAertl (91 and Wwe- 
gar; CadlralL Tailmann (<0. Kaiser UU, 
McCarty C7] and Heath, w— Cawtoy,3-z. L— 
CadtroH, M. HRe— New York. Winfield ML 
Oakland, Kingman (101. 

Detroit 881 OH 1H 81— 4 (2 3 

Seattle 8M B81 1H *0-3 8 I 

WHcax. Lopez (A). Hernandez (9) and Par- 
rish; Meore^ Stanton (11). Vonde Beni HI) 
and Scott' Kearney (91. W-Hemandei, M. 
L— Stanton. M.« Rs— Detroit, Evans (7).Se- 
aftto CoMoron (4).- . 

NATIOeiAL. LEAGUE 
Houston 1» 2H 183— 4 13 1 

Chlcow M 181 H0-B 7 1 

Ryan and Bailey; Ruthvea Sorenson rSJ 
and Davis. W— Ryan, 44 L— Ruttnen. 1-3. 
HR— CHCdOto Sandbag Ml. 

HO HO HO I 2 1 
081 1H 8BS-3 * O 
Laskov. Davis (7) and Bronly; Hesketh. 

Reardon (» and Butera-W — HeskotoS-Z L — 

LaskBv.l-S.Sv>— Reardon UD). HRs— Montre- 
al Raines <21, Brooks 131. 
ratsborgh 3H HO 88V-4 11 8 

Allwta 808 082 008— 3 3 8 

winn, Candelaria (3) and Pena; Bedraetan. 
Smith (71, Hodman C7L Farslwr (9) and Cor- 
4w. w—wvm l-a l— B edroslan. 1-3. 5v— Can- 
defarta (7). H Rs-PIttmurgh, Thompson (6). 
Atlanta, Homer (4). 

San Mew OH HI m-l 4 1 

PMtodelpMa DM OH 860—8 9 0 

Dravecfcy. Sassage (I) ond Kennedy; Oon- 
nvondvhgn. W — Drnveckv.4-3. L — Dennv. 1- 
5. Sv— Gassage (12). . 

Lei Aesetos 012 BOX 008—4 • 1 

New Tsek 8HBW030-3 • * 

HersMser, Howell 11). Nledenuer (8) and 
Sdoeda; Lynch, Gorman It), Sisk (!) and 
(tarter. W— Harsh tser. 4-0. L-Lynch.2-a.Sv— 
Nledmth<er(3).HRs— UwAnpetet, Brock ML 
Stiuda (»■ 

SL Louts Ml 182 081 HB-4 S 1 

Ctodmati 8H 3M 8H HI-7 14 I 

Tudor. CampbeH (7). LahW (IJ.DaVlev (I), 
Alien (01, Horton 48) and Ntota. Porter (9); 
Seta Hume 18). Power (9). Franca (12) and 
Kntceiv, van Cantor (9). w— Franca l-l. L— 
Horton, 0-1. HRs— St. Louts. Van Styfce (4). 
Ctactanett, Perez (3). 


HRs— Baltimore, Lynn (2). Catttomlo. Jonas 
( 5 ). 

New York 111 m 281—7 ■ 2 

Oakland OH IN HM 11 2 

wtriHon. Fisher (6). Rlahettl (e) and Mas- 
sey; warren. Kaiser Ul). Atherton (7), Howell 
17) and Heath. W— Howell 2-1 L— Rlahettl, 3- 
. 3.HR»— New YarKHoHev (1), Mattingly (5). 
Oakland. Kingman (11). 

Boston 811 MO 188- 3 7 3 

Tews 848 111 Ola— U 11 0 

Nipper. Trujillo (5), Clear (8) and Gedman; 
Mason. Harris (7) ond Brummor. w— Mason, 
3-4. L— Nipper, 1-4. Sv— Harris (31. HR— Bos- 
ton, Annas 031. 

Mtoaesata 112 HI 818-7 11 > 

MHmwkee 210 ill 4*»— * II 0 

FHsan.LvsaMtor(7),Eufimlo(71.Davta(B1 
and Safas. Laudner (8); Hans. McClure (4). 
Storage IB). Fingers (3) and Moore. W-Mo 
dure, 1-0. L— Fllson. 2-1. Sv— Fingers 1*1. 
HRs — Minnesota, Bush 15). Gaetti (7). Mil- 
waukee. Yount (5). 

Detroit OH MO 300-3 11 1 

Seattle 1H OH MO-2 4 I 

TerrnfL Schemer (7), Bolr (01. Hentondec 
(Bl and Metvlm Snyder. Best 15). Beattie (!) 
ond Kearney. W— Terrell. 5-1. 1^-BesL M. 
HRs— seattto Bradley (7); Caktoran (5). De- 
iralt Lemon (1). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
San Fronc H ca 018 OH OH— 1 i 8 

Montreal Ml m «Bu-3 9 8 

Gott, Minton (8) and Trevino; Schotzsdar, 
Reardon (8) and Butera. W-Schotzedsr.28. 
L— Gatt, 3-1. Sv— Reardon (111. HR— Montre- 
al. wanach (3). 

Las Angela* 8H 821 H3-4 9 l 

Now York in IH HI— S < I 

Volenruehi and Sctosda; Goadcn, SomMto 

(3) . slsk (9) and Carter. W— Valenzuela, 5-4. 
I — Gooden. *-i HRs— Los Angoles. Brock 2 
( 61 . 

HZ 801 081— « 12 8 
HO 118 1I»-5 I I 
NlekrOi Rais ill and A4*nr; Sanderson. 
Smith (I) «md Lake. W— Smlth.2-0. L— Ross, 0- 
1. HRs— Hawrtaa, Putil (2), Bass (SI, Mumph- 
rey (2). Chicago. Durham (5). Lake tlL Cay 
M). Lopes (II. 

Sae Diego 031 ON MM I I 

PhBndetoMa US BCG HI— 1 * I 

Hawk Ins ond Kennedy; Hudson, Rucker 

(4) . Cannon (2), Tokutvo (91 and VlrglL w- 
Hawkltob 9-a. L— Hudson, i-t. HR— Philadel- 
phia, vbuil (5). 

5L Loui* 138 UO Ml-* 7 I 

CtadeDOH 002 OH NO— « 9 I 

Anduiar, Davtov (9) and Nieto: TTbhs, Price 
(2). Pastore (SL Robinso n (7> and Kitlcety. 
W— Andulor. 5-1. L— Tibbs. 37. Sv— Davtov 
(4). HRs— SL LOutl, McGee (2). Cincinnati. 

rnnrwni *i fln IJl 

Pittsburgh 111 40) 008-8 11 1 

Attanta BOB 808 B83— 2 7 2 

Rhoden and Penar Perez, Comp (4), Garber 
(61. Smith (9) and Benedict. W— Rhoden. 44. 
L— Perez. 0& HR— Pittsburgh, AJmon (1). 


MEN 

John McEnroa (7). UA. vs. qualifier. 

Ivon Lendl (2), Czechoslovakia, vs. Eddie 
Edwards. South Afrkn- 

Jlmmv Connors (3), UL vs. Wo l loong 
poop, west Germany. 

Mats Wllander (4), Sweden, vs. Th lorry Tu- 
lasne. France 

Andres Gomez (5), Eauador, vs. Pavel Slo- 
ziL Czechostoyakta. 

Anders Jarryd (5), Sweden, vs. Scott 
McCain, 

Joakim Nystram (7), Sweden, w ouallfler. 

Eilat Tettschw UL Hi, vs. quolMler. 

Yarmtcfc Noah (9), Franca, vs. LIbarPtmek, 
Czechoslovakia. 

Aaron Krtckstain (181, UJL vs. Fernando 
Luna Spain. 

Miroslav Mectr (II), Czadw s tovolcta vs. 
JaraNavraNLCzodioitovaklD; Henrik Sund- 
stram (TO, Sweden, vs. Gabriel UrpL Spain; 
Tomas Sm Id fID.Czvrhasiovak lavs, huallfl- 
er: Stefan Edberg CM), Sweden, vs. Ooudlo 
Panada Italy; Brad GUbert (U). US, vs. 
Hens GUdeme tot e r. Chlto; Jimmy Arias (M3, 
U A. vs. waffitor. 

Paul Annocana UJL vs. quallflor; Marcus 
Hacavar. Brazil vs. Mite Bauer, UA.; Pablo 
Arroyo, Para. vs. anal mer; Vince van Patton, 
UJL vs. Morton Valda CzectkatavaMa; Bo- 
lasz Taraczv, Hungary, vs. qualifier; Mark 
Ftur. U-S- vs. Mark Edmondson, Australia; 
Steven Shaw, Britain, vs. Slobodan ZMUhd- 
vta, Yugoslavia.- Jorge Arrase, Spabtl vs. Gi- 
valdo Barbosa Brazil; Luca BeltazzL Italy, 
vs. Morco Ortota YugastovJa; Eduardo Ben- 
Boediaa, Argentina, vs. Marceto Ingarama 
Argentina; Mike Leach. U.&. vs. qmlWer. 

Mike Depalmer, U-S. vs. Jimmy Brawn. 
UJL; vitas GenitaHls. UJLvs. Boris becker. 
west Germany; HuuD Van Boockek Holland, 
vs. Eric Winogradsky. Franca; tile Nastase. 
Romania, vs. qualifier; Mark Dickson, UA, 
vs qua! Htor; Dnn CassMv, U JL. vs. awillftor ; 
Marty Davis, UA, vs. Roberto Argue! to. Ar- 
gentina; Midnei Szbaoers, Holland, vs 
Bruce DerUrv New Zealand. 

Jay Laptaus UJL vs JosB Lub acre. Ar- 
gentina) Rvssell Simpson, New Zealand, w 
Aielmdro Ganzobai Argentina; Ivon Kiev, 
Brazil, vs Pascal Paries Franc*.- Henri Le- 
cantoFrcnco, vsTIm WllUsaa, U5 j Mkhoel 
westohal, west Germany, vs Kent cartsson, 
Sweden; Peter McNamara, Australia vs 
JooB Htouera* Spain; Juan Aguilera, Spain, 
vs Victor Peed. Paraguay; Chrli Lewis, Nea 
Zealand, vs Shlamo GllcfcsMa, Israel : Steton 
Simonson. Sweden, vs John Frawtev, Aus- 
tralia.- Greo Holmes. Ui vs Diego Perez, 
Uruguay; Petor Etter, West Germmy. vs Ja- 
kob Hknek. S w itzerl and: Franceun Cancei- 
lottL Italy, vs Hons schwator. West Germa- 
ny; Guv Forget, Franc*, vs Horodo de to 
Pena Argentina 

Casio Motto. Brazil, vs auaDRer; John 
Liovd, Brftota vs Gianni OcMppo, Italy; 
Tarik Benhablles, France, vs Todd Netooa, 
UA; Chrtstophe Roger VOswIIil Francs, vs 


Biota Wlltonbora, ILS.; Eaan Adams UJL. vs 
qualifier; Heinz Gondhardt, Swttzerlond. vs 
Damir Kerattc, West Germany. 

Raul Vlvier. Ecuador, vs John FttzgerakL 
Austrafla; Mmttn Jolts Argentina vs auall- 
Her; Trevor Allen. Australia vs Matt Mitdv 
rlL Ui; Steve MeiSter.UJ, vs Danlelttsser, 
South Afrlao; WrJlv Mazur. Australia, vs 
GulDcrmo vitas Argentina,- Waltok Flbak, 
Poland, vs auormer; Carl Umberger, Aus- 
tralia, vs. Pau I MacNam se. Australia; ZaPan 
Kuhantzky, no natlpnatlty, vs Jerome Potter. 
France; Jean-PhBtope Fteurtai Francs vs 
Lawton Duncan, U.&.; Patrice Kuchma, 
France, vs Jai Gonnarsson, Sweden 


Compiled bv (hr Staff From Diapotdm 

CLEVELAND — Manager 
Bobby Cox cannon help dreaming 
about the Toronto Blue Jays win- 
ning the American League pen- 
nant, but he knows it is much too 
early to talk about iL 
Ranee MuUhuks and Ernie 
Whitt each drove in three runs Sat- 
urday as the Blue Jays won, 10-7, 


baseball player to make the majors 
(but hitless in 17 straight at-bals), 
delivered a bases-loaded triple in 
the second and drove in five runs in 
afl to pace Texas to its third 
straight over Boston. The Red Sox 
have lost 10 of their last 13. 


SATURDAY BASEBALL 


Hockey 


Stanley Gup Qiampionshijp Series 


PMtodeiPbta 


— v SATURDAY’S RESULTS 

, AMERICAN LEAGUE 

cnlcago oh oh oh— 4 3 a 

Kansas City 1 <19 OH 82*— J 7 8 

Soavwr ond Hill: LMbrandt and SundWra. 
W— Lotorandt, 5-2. L— 5«Ovvr, 43. 

Taranto 801 401 N1— » W 2 

Ctovetaod TO 228 »0- 7 13 I 

Kay, Mutoatman (51. Ackor (8) ond Whnt; 

Schutoa, Editor Iv (4). Thomason 14). WoddtU 
(7) and Benito, w— Mucsakwwi. z-o. L— 
Thomason, 1-1 Sv— Acker (4) . HRs— T OTOrttO. 
Whitt (5). Ctawttond. Franco 12). 

BafNmora IBB (MB 881—3 9 1 

fHInmln 881 182 ^ — * 9 8 

DJWortto*2,Sn*n (DandNoton: Romanlcic. 
Mnra (f) and Narron, BOOPB (9). W-Roiwm- 
It*. 41. l— D iMarttna2. 34. Sv— Moor* (TO). 


GAME 3 

1 8 1-3 
3 1 O—l 

First. Period— l, Edmonton, Snur 12 
(Kirri, (tattoi(l.l:10. 2, Edmonton. Qratzky 13 
(COftov, Huddri, 1 ;2i i, FMtadapMa sarttli 2 
[CrosRiiaR. Craven). 1:0. .4, Edmonton. 
Gretzky 14 (Mossier, Coftay), 13:32. Penal- 
ties— Roa Sutter. PML (hookings, :10; Ander- 
son. Edm. (htoh-sUcklng). dto: Tocchet, PhlL 
. (roughlng),3TO,-HoSBodar.PhB.(rauahlna). 
3J2; Jackeoa, Edm. (reuehino), 3.-32: Krw- 
stwloveki Edm, (roughing), 3:32: Craven, 
PhlL anterttrencal,&-.M; Marsh, PhiL (Meh- 
Sttckinel.9^8: MeCtoHonCLEdm. IMgh-SttCk- 
Ino), 9:38; Anderson. Edm. (bioh-stlcldno). 


Soccer 


Major League Sta ndi ngs 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Earn Dlvtttaa 

W L PCt, GB 

Toronto 27 M. 45) — 

Detroit O » -®° * 

JWTImore 23 17 JS5 3Vi 

r twYam » » M * 

utwoukee 17 21 447 ; Vb 

dost on U O ,439 . 9 . 

Ctovetond 15 » JM U 

West Dtvtetaa 

CaWonita 2* '7 "" 

Kansas OW 22 W JSt 1*8 

Mlnnotote 21 * -2? L 

CMcaea » » ^ » 

Oakland » 31 438 * 

Seattle 13 .f 

Teas 14 27 J41 19 


NATIONAL UEAOIIE 
lost DtvNtoa 


FRENCH FIRST DIVISION 
Montes l. Line 0 
Bontaoux A Menace 0 - ' 

Ports SG 3, TBuiOMO t 
Bastta i, Laval o 
Auxerre L Parts.RCO ’ 

Tour* l, Strasbouro 0 , 

Metz L Rouen 0 
Toulon X MorseIHe 0 ; 

Lens X Sodmnl 
Brest 2. Nancy 2 

Potato staadtogs: Bentoaux39; Nan lea 54: 
Monaca Auxarreit; TMlon44: Ato)z43; Loos 
40: SoehetiM, Brest 34; Lovol 34; Toulouse, 
Porte % Nancy, Bastto 32; Mar»llto 31; 
Sfrasbom 3K Line, Tours 29; Rouen 27; RC 
Parts 3k 

, WEST GERMAN FIRST DIVISION 
EtotracM BraunsctBwrigO. WorttarBromonl 
Hamburg SV L Fortran Duessektorf 2 
BoraHlo MWadboch XWoldhot ManHwIm 0 
VH Bochum Z VPB Stuttgart 1 
Bayer Lsvetamm 4. ,FC Coloan* 4 
Barusda' Dortmund l.-ArnUnto BMtteM 3 
Ebitracnt Frankfurt T, SdtaUct 1 

Potato tto ndtagii BoVtm Muntcti 44; 
Wentor BrwrtmM; FCCobMne4B; Barussto 
Mgiadbaeh.M; Sever UenHngen 34; Ham- 
burg SV, Rtaldhof MonrUMm 35; Sctvlka. 
VFL Bochum VFB Stuttgart 30; FC Kalsere- 


11:08; Carson. PML (rouahtngl. 13^0: Ander- 
sen. Edm. (rougbtao), 13:20; Jackson. Edm. 
IcroseelMCklne). U-JS: Hospodar. Phfl. 
(reuehino), 17.-19; Ron Sutler, PML (elbow- 
mo). 17:55: 

Second Period-& Edmonton, Krusbetavski 
4 (Coffev. Gretzky). 4:3 (pp). Penattte*- 
Haspodar, PML mlscanducL 3XT: Samenka, 
Edm. misconduct, 3:27; Crossman. PML 
Ihookhig), 4:01; Hunter, Edm. IhokUna), 
7:45; Fagplln, Edm. (dtaraJiia). 12:02; Edm. 
bench (too many men), served bv Tlkkamn 
19:19; ZezcL PML (Interference), 19^53. 

TMrd P eriod 4, Philadelphia. Ha»e3 (Toe- 
dree Prapp). 9:88. 7, PhlladelphJa P re» 7 
(Craven, Tocchet). U-J26. PenoWe*-Se- 
mwto Edm. double^nlnor (rourfitag). 3:41; 
Rich Sutter, PhlL (eresechecklna), IDTO.-' 
Huddv. Edm. (slastilnO), 10:03: Ron Sutter, 
PhlL (crasfrcheGklna), 11TO: Paierson, PML 
mlscDnducLMttS: Hunter. Eton, misconduct. 
14:05. 

Shots oa goal: PtiHadoioMa. on Fuhr. 12-9- 
9-30; Edmonton, an Undbergb n9 shots, is 
saves) ond Frees* (T7:S£ 1st: 4:58. 2d; 7-7). 

Atteadoac*— T74SB. 

R eieree— O ryan Lswte. 


WOMEN 

Morttna Navratilova n).UJ5.vs,PomTee- 
BuaftMn, U5. 

Chris Evert Lloyd CD. UA, vs. auoaitor. 

Hana Mrnmdtlhoyo (3), Ckechoolavakia, vs. 
Mary Jo* Fernandez. U4. 

Maaueki Maleeva (4), Bulgaria, vs, Sandy 
Collins U-S. - 

Hslena Sukova (5),Czechasiovokla,vs Eva 
PfatC Wool Gennamr. 

Ztao Garrisson (OrUX. vs Jaime GMder. 
UJL 

Oaocfla KohdeUtoch (71, West Germany, 
vs 5h*tty Sataman, UjS. 

Carting Bassett TO. Canada, vs Andrea 
Betznor. west Germany. 

Catarina Undqvlst (9), Sweden, vs. Larissa 
Sawrtienfca, Soviet Union. 

Bannta Gadusek (18), ILS. vs Nteoe Dias 
Breed L 

SWHI Graf (11), West Germany, vs Potra 
HuMr. Austria; Boriwra Potter CTO, ILS. vs 
Tine Sctauer Larsen. Danmark; Kathy Rtn- 
akfi (m US. vs Tlno MoctilzuM. UJL: Go- 
brtetta Sabatthk (14), Argentina, vs Ullcn 
Drescher, Switzerland: Andrea Temesvarl 
(ID, Hungary, vs Pascals Paradis France; 
Pom Casate (UL ILS- vs Kattiwen Cum- 
mings Ui 

Virginia Wads Britain, vs Sara Gamer. 
Britain ; Morceta Skutiersko, Czechoslovakia, 
vs Catherine Tonvier, France; Renata So- 
safc. Yuaastavla vs Kim Scsvto. UJL; Raf- 
faetla ReggL Italy, vs Sophie AmlocA, 
France.- Mima Jainovec. Yugoslavia vs An- 
nabel CrofL Britain; Hetan KetasL Canada, vs 
Katortaa Skrenska, C2scnastovakla 

Beth Herr. UJL vs Marcella Masker, Hol- 
land; Virginia Ruzict. Romania, vs Kathy 
Harvattv UJL; Mosafca YanagL Japan. vs Pe- 
tra Keppe l sr. West Germany; Amy Holton. 
ILS- vs Anna Marla CecchlnL Italy; Terry 
HallodaY, UJL. vs Cortna Kartssan. Sweden; 
ChrtsHone janssatat. Franca, vs Eteuks In- 
oue, Japan; Elbe Burota, UJL. vs Jenny 
Klltoh, UJL; Michealo Washington UJL vs 
EmRte Rapcnl-Lonaa, Argentina; ictan SWrv- 
metz. UJL vs aoallfter; Ann Htartckssoa 
U4L iva Budareva, Czechoslovakia; Adrtona 
vUtooron, Aigenttnn vs Rina ETny, Britain; 
Dianne Fromhoita-Balestrat. Australia, vs 
Defabte Saence, UXj Ame Brawn, Britain vs 
Susan Mascartn. U5- 

Svtvla Hanlkn west Germany, vs Aiuie 
Smith. ILL; Camille Beniamin. UJL us Ca- 
trtn Jemfi. Sweden; Katerina Maleeva. Bul- 
garia. vs auolifter; Melissa Brown UJL. vs 
Lisa Spate-short. UJL; Pat Medrada BraziL 
vs Mlcttetle Torres U-S.; Rosotyn Palrbank, 
South Africa vs Anno Hobbs Britain; Feder- 
Ira Bonslgnart. Italy, vs Nathalie Horreman 
France; EiixabethMhttar, Australia, vsaual- 
Utor; Joanna Russell UJL vs Catherine 
Star*. France; Susanna Schmid. Switzerland, 
vs Amo Whit*, UJL: Susan Gales Yugosla- 
via. vs qualifier; Shawn Foltz, UJL vs An- 
drea Jaeger. ILL; Mrvrkun Schropp, West 
Germany, vs Anne Winter. Australia: C Col 
motto. France, vs ML Paz. Argentina: Bever- 
toy Mould, South Africa, vs auolRter; Marte- 
ChrbHne caltetn Franca, vs ouallfler. 

. Potro DoDtoes Joudt Swttzertond. vs Pa- 
trlcta C teh eme ndy. Franca; Jennifer Mun- 
deL South Africa vs Gretctien Rash, U^.; I. 
Dem u nae ot . France, vs Vicki Nelson U JL- 
Maeve Qtanton UA. vs qualifier; Terry 
Phtaps. U&, vs R*m Uvs South Africa; Jo 
Ourie. Britoin. vs E. Derty, France; Wendy 
While, UJu vs Notttolle Touzlot France; 
Elena EUseerriav Soviet Union, vs Grin Kim. 
U-Sj Sotttna BuQM,W*8t Germany, vs Pftar 
Vaazuez, Pent; Lori McNeil Ui. vs Gtan* 
Purdy. UJj Andrea Leand, US, vs Laura 
Arrayn GBdeoNte tor , QiH*: Angediu Kando- 
paulmUSreecpkvs Betsy Nogeben, UA; LIid 
B onder, ujl vs Cofimte V utter, France. 


for their axth straight victory. In 
those six games they have scored 43 
runs. 

The Blue Jays trailed, 7-6, going 
into the seventh. But Whitt singled 
in the tying run and hot-hitting 
Jesse Barfield singled to put his 
team ahead. 

.i /Thinking pennant, only inter- 
feres with my day-to-day work,” 
Cox said. “But I can’t control my 
dreams. When I wake up, I think 
about Detroit, New York and Bal- 
timore and fiat brings me bade to 
reality.” . 

The Indians’ manager, Pat Cor- 
ral es, said that "right now, Toron- 
to’s a better team than Detroit," 
last season’s runaway pennant win- 
ner. “The Blue Jays nave outfield- 
ers who can fidd and bit. They 
have a strong bullpen and a double- 
play combination. What else do 
yon need?” 

He could have added that there 
is hitting strength throughout the 
lhienp The last three men in the 
order, Whin, Barfield and Tony 
Fernandez, led Saturday’s assault 
with seven bits, seven runs scored 
aud six driven in. 

Barfield, the No. 8 Miter against 
right-handers and the No. 4 against 
left-handers, bad two hits to extend 
his hitting streak to 15 g ames and 
raise his average to .289. 

Whitt, the No. 7 Utter, was three 
for live, hitting his fifth home run 
of the year and tying a club record 
by scoring four runs. He has been 
the catcher in five of the games in 
the streak aud has driven in at least 
one run in each; in those five 
games, be is 8-for-19, scoring seven 
runs and driving in nine. 

Royals 31, White Sox 0 

In Kansas City, Missouri Char- 
lie Leibrandt pitched a three-hitler 
and Pat Sheridan drove in three 
runs with a single and a doable (o 
beat Chicago. The Royals extended 
their winning streak to four while 
the White Sox lost their fifth 
straight despite a seven-bitter by 
Tam Seavtf. 


Dodgers 6, Mete 2 
In the National League, in New 
York, Fernando Valenzuela out- 
pitched Dwight Gooden for the 
first time in three meetings and 
Greg Brock drove in five runs with 
two home runs to lead Los Angeles 
past the Mets. 

Valenzuela allowed six hits, 
walked three and struck out seven. 
Gooden gave up three runs on five 
hits while striking ont nine in seven 
innings. His career record in day 
games is 3-7, compared with 20-5 at 
night. 

Canfinab d, Reds 4 
In Cincinnati. Willie McGee ho- 
rn cred and Tommy Herr, the 
league's leading batter, had three 
hits and two RBIs to help SL Louis 
win. The Reds’ player-manager. 
Pete Rose, had two singles and 
needs 59 hits u> break Ty Cobb’s 
afl- time record of 4,191. 

Pirates 8, Braves 2 
In Atlanta, Rick Rhoden pitched 
a seven-hitler for his 100th major- 
league victory while Bill Almon hit 
a grand-slam home run and drove 
in five runs as Pittsburgh blew past 
the Braves. It was Rhoden’s first 
complete game this season and his 
first victory in Atlanta since April 
19, 1978. 

Padres 4, FUSes 1 
In Philadelphia. Andy Hawkins 
pitched a six-hitter for his ninth 
victory without a loss and helped 
his cause with a squeeze bunt dur- 
ing a three-ran second that gave 
San Diego its sixth straight tri- 
umph. 

Hawkins, who was £-9 with a 
4.68 earned-nm average last sea- 
son, gave up a homer to Ozzje Vxr 



Despite tbe hr^s-flying best of San Francisco’s Dan Gladden 
to break firings up. Expo second baseman Vance Law turned 
the double play in Saturday’s first innmg. Montreal won, 3-1. 


gfl leading off the ninth but low- 
ered his 1985 ERA to 232. Virgil's 
home run was the Phillies' only run 
in two games against the Padres 
and ended the San Diego pitching 
staff's string of shutout innings at 


Cobs 5, Astros 4 
In Chicago, Davey Lopes won a 
battle of home runs with a two-run 


shot in the eighth inning, the sev- 
enth homer of (he game. 

Expos 3, Giants l 
In Montreal. Dan Schatzeder 
continued to enjoy his switch from 
the bullpen, holding San Francisco 
to five nits and a run in 7Vi innings 
while winning his second in a row 
asa starter. Schatzeder said his arm . 
was getting tired. (LAT. UPI. AP) 


Ryan Downs Cubs in Vintage Outing 


Angels 5, Orioles 3 

In Anaheim , California. Ruppert 

Jones hit a two-run homer while 


Ron Roananick struck out five and 
walked two in eigjit innings before 
Baltimore’s Fred Lynn hit a two- 
run home ran in the ninth. 


Compiled ty Otr Staff From Dupatcha 

CHICAGO — Nolan Ryan 
rakes pleasure in being the only 
middle-aged Texan who still 
throws baseballs for money. 

“I don't look at my static. T don’t 
look ai records,” Ryan said after 
{niching his 235th major-league 

the^SoustoQ Astros^6-2 decision 
Friday over the Chicago Cubs. 

“At the age of 38, all I think 
about is pitching every fifth day, 
helping the club and knowing in 


runs. Winn was recalled Tuesday 
from Hawaii 


FRIDAY BASEBALL 


SCHEDULE 


3-1) 


May 38: PhlloMoMa at Edmonton 
Mav »: Pnuadetohia at Edmonton 
x- Jun* 2: Edmonton ai PtiUaartPWa 
»jun* 4: Edmonton at PtiltadripMa 
(■alt rwcBsnrv) 


Football 


USFL Standings 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 

W L T PA PF PA 
Birmingham 9 4 0 482 33* 22S 

Tampa Bov 9 4 0 492 321 274 

Now Jofsoy 8 S 0 415 305 Z74 

Jacksonville 14 8 471 329 317 
Memphis I * 0 .571 011 275 

Baltimore 4 4 1 JOD ZD 2M 


WORLD TEAM TENNIS CUP 
(At DuwtosktaTO 
Sewten 3> Fraa I 

H*wl LMDAto. Frana.def.Mate wltomter. 
4-3. 44; Henrik Sundstram. Sweden, del 
Thtarvv Tuknm.44. M. 74 tW); Wllandftr 
and Anders Jarryd <teL Learnt* and Pascal 
Pori e& 6-4. 44. 

United States X West Germany a 

John McEnroe, UJL tteL Honsloerg 
ac3maler,FS,74 (7-492 Jlmmv Coanerc. ua. 
del. woHaana Popp, 6-1 4-3; Kao Flacti and 
Raftert S e ou s o .UJ^ d el Andrtcg Mower ond 
Pawn M. 64. 

Aog r n l lfl L uii 1 

Juan AOuDenzJSpakutef-Jtau Frawtev4>2. 

Pout McNamee, Australia dof. Jos* HI* 
BUemb 6444. 4-3; Pat Cash and John FBz- 
aerald. Australhukt Htauaras and AMltere, 
44.44. 

Czachoslovakta i doited States 0 
Ivan Utwtt <toL John McEnroe 4-7, 74. *3 


A’s 8, Yankees 7 

In Oakland, California, _ New 
York bullpen ace Dave Righetti 
walked Steve Hendoson on four 
pitches with the bases loaded and 
two out in the ninth, but a bad play 
by Dave Kingman almost nullified 
the victory. 

Kingman, who earlier hit his 
11th homer of the season, was on 
first base when Henderson drew 
the walk. Instead of touching sec- 
ond, as even a little Leaguer is 
taught to do, Kingman started to 
walk across the infield to the dug- 
out- Realizing his mistake, he went 
back and touched the bask 



W 

L 

Pc*. 

GB 

.ton to Somalia Dornnund 38; Fortum 

Ortendo 

3 18 

0 

231 

210 

3(4 

Chicago 

23 

T5 

MS 

— 

OMSHtdartAnnaR<aBl8tof8W27; Karlsruhe 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 


Now York 

23 

15 

.JOS 


SC »: Ewtraqhta Braunschweig IS. 

iv.t?wrart 

ID 3 


258 


341 

Mantrata 

34 

17 

-5B5 


BNCU5H FIRST CIV1SON 

Demrar 

9 5 

8 

M3 

347 

291 

a. Lotas 

20 

30 

3X> 

4 

Cevantfv AEuwten 1 

Houston 

> 5 

0 

SO 

393 

271 

F^MtoWito 

15 

25 

J75 


Potato Staodtooss-Evtoton 90; Uverpoot 

Arina 

5 8 

8 

JSS 

264 

292 

JT 4horati 

14 

25 

359 


T4flMnift77; Mentawstar United 74; Soultv 

Portland 

4 10 

0 

JU 

192 

322 


WtSlDMttee 



omptan 4fc Cbofan* Animal 44; ShottMd 

Lao Anoelcs 

3 11 

0 

214 

199 

2M 

- iDtogo . 

w 

14 

J38 

— 

W*dm*tair45; Nottinolmra ForaotM; Aston 

San Annnlo 

3 » 

a 

231 

210 

3D4 

r ictanoti 

a 

19 

-07 

318 

vino 54; VtelfeRWfoli Bromwich 55; 

THURSDAY'S RESULT 



Houston 

. . a 

If 

.537 

3 to 

estate 52; Luton, LatcMter, wort Ham SI; 

Oakland 31, Damar 14 





LosAimtes 

21 

2) 

JW0 

5 

' 1 pswtch. GtaresWry. Queen's Pork RnpoeTS - c iS; 

SATURDAY'S RESULTS 


AttartM 

■ - .14 

24 

J00 


NarwfchAt! Suadanam 40; sink* 17. (Rote- 

Jacksonville 21, 

Los Angeles 7 



Son FrandfGO 

15 

25 

J73 

ID ' 

gated; Noritartv SandartontL Stak*l. 

Port torn* 17. Memphis M 






Transition 


Brewers 9, Twins 7 
In Milwaukee, Bobby Clark 
drovein two runs and Robm Yount 
hit a two-run home run to help the 
Brewers beat Minnesota. 


my heart that I'm the only Texan 
who is dose to 40 and sffl in the 
major leagues," he said. 

As the native of Refugio, Texas, 
struck out seven Cubs to increase 
his major-league record to 3,942, 
the Cubs' manager, Jim Frey, was 
reminded of Ryan’s earlier days. 

“When I watched him pitch, I 
could onlv marvel at the fact dial 
he could do the things he was doing 
15 years ago when he pitched for 
the New York Mets,” Frey said 
Rjfan allowed the Cubs only sev- 
en hits while pitching his second 
complete game this season. He was 
supponedby the Astros’ 12 hits, of 
which Bill Doran got three. 

Doran, a leadoff man, did his job 
to perfection. On three hits, a walk 
and an error, he readied base all 
five tunes and scored three umg . 


Noftemd LeogiM 

ATLANTA— Bant Crate McMorinr.iriliTier, 
to Rfaunond of hi* International League. 
ttwttrf PosguoI Pcrax. tardier, itwn too 15 - 
ttov disabled list. 

PITTSBURG H P iocofl Job onutoto oul 
HcWtr.cn (tot 15-doy tasatua list. 


HOCKEY. 

PHILADEU»HIJUAeiw*d ion Arm- 
erong,cteiMMman,iraai Boston tora 18m- 
raunct tWdratt side 


Tigers 3, Mariners 2 
Chet Lemon’s first homer this 
season, a two-run shot in the sev- 
enth in Seattle, gave Detroit its 
victory. 

Rangers 10, Red Sox 3 
In Arlington, Texas, rookie Od- 
di be McDowell, the first Olympian 


Pirates 4, Braves 2 
In Atlanta, Jim Winn made Ms 
his first major-league start and, 
with John Candelaria, held the 
Braves, which lost their fourth 
straight, to three bits. Jason 
Thompson hit a three-run home 
run and drove in all four Pittsburgh 


Padres 1, Phases 0 
In Philadelphia, Steve Garvey’s 
eighth-inning sacrifice fly for San 
Diego ended a scoreless duel be- 
tween winning pitcher Dave Dra- 
vecky and loser John Denny. 

Dodgers 4, Mets 3 
In New York, Greg Brock and 
Mike Sdoscia each homered for 
Los Angeles with the bases empty 
in the sixth inning and the Mets 
lost three straight lor the first time 
tins season. 

Reds 7, Cardinals 6 
In Cincinnati, Dave Van 
Gordo's one-out tingle scored Eric 
Davis from second base with the 
w inning nm in the 1 2th inning . 
Davis singled and stale second. & 
Louis reliever Ricky Horton then 
intentionally walked Nick Esasky 
before Van Gorder singled for his 
third RBI of the game 
Pinch-hitting in (he eighth. Van 
Gorder, batting just .208, delivered 
a two-run single to give the Reds a 
5-4 lead. 

Expos 2, Giants 0 
In Montreal, rookie Joe Hesketh 
and Jeff Reardon combined on a 
two-hitter and Tim Raines and Hu- 
bs Brooks each hit home runs to 
beat San Francisco for the Expos. 

Orioies4, Angefe3 
In the American League, in Ana- 
betim, California, Baltimore’s Lenn 
Sakata doubled in the winning run 
in the eighth to support the seven- 
hit pitching of Storm Davis, who 
had not won since April 23. Larry 
Sheets and Fritz Connafly hit back- 
to-back homers for the Orioles. 

Rangers 1, Red Sox 0 
In Arlington, Texas, Charlie 


Hough, the only winning pitcher on 
the Texas staff, threw a six-hitter is 
ou (dueling Boston's Dennis Boyd. 
Cliff Johnson's sacrifice fly drove 
in the only run and gave Boyd his 
third straight loss when Hough got 
Rich Gedman to hit into a game- 
ending double play with runners at 
first and third. 

Blue Jays 7, Indians 6 
In Cleveland, Lloyd Moseby hit 
a two-run homer and Ernie Whitt a 
three-run shot, both in the titird 
innmg, to help Toronto win. 

Brewers 5, Twins 2 
In Milwaukee, Ted Simmons 
drove in two runs and Rid: Man- 
mug had three hits in pacing Mil- . 
waukee past Minnesota. 

Royals 8, White Sox 4 
In Kansas City, Missouri, 
George Bictl drove in four runs 
with three singles to help the 
Royals down Chicago. 

Tigers 4, Mariners 3 
In Seattle, Darrell Evans led off 
the 1 1th with a home nm to make 
Detroit a winner. The Mariners* 
Ivan Calderon had tied the score at 
3 with a homer in the seventh. 

Seattle’s starting pitcher, Mike 
Moore, went 10 innings, scattering 
10 hits and striking out nine. He 
gave way to Mike Stanton in the 
1 1th. Evans took one strike before 
clearing the right-field wall for his 
fifth homer in his last mn* games. 

Yankees 10, A’s 3 
In Oakland, California, Dave 
Winfield hit a three-run home run 
as New York took an 8-0 lead with 
six nuts in the fourth, sending j j 
men to bat against Chris Coduoli 
and reliever Tom TeUmann. It was 
Codiroli’s first loss since the sea- 
son's opening day. (UPi t AP) 


V •' 
i* n 


i K 

i f-» 


I 








Page 14 


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Astringent Tonsorial Brew; 
The History of Witch Hazel 




WITCH HAZEb 

YOU: 


By Peter Kerr 

flew York Tima: Service 

E SSEX. Connecticut — The 
white-columned building on 
North Main Street is a nearly 
pristine preserve of Connecticut s 
commercial past 
Employees of the £ E. Dickin- 
son Co. still labor in the building 
at roll-top desks under handcraft- 
ed light fixtures. Upstairs in the 
board room they occasionally 
stub their toes on pewter spit- 
toons. On mantles and in drawers, 


fine, so we use it the way it was. ^ 

Witch hazel —a liquid brewed 
from Hamontelis, or witch hazd. 
trees and shrubs, which grow m 
abundance in Connecticut wood- 
lands — is marketed as an astrin- 
gent an after-shave lotion. It 
leaves the skin feeling tingly. 

But that description hardly 
does justice to a product that in 
the 1930s was used in tonsonal 
parlors from Boston w Shanghai 
to soothe faces every time a bar- 
ber lifted off a steaming towd.lt 


I 


toons. On mantles and m drawer^ ^ ^ ^ a Tam fy for 
boxes and closets stand bottks of , backaches, ear- 
the only prwiua the con^any adKS> hemorrhoids, pinkeye, in- 
makes — E. £. Dickinson s Don- , hler-dine and wrinkles. 



ble Distilled Witch Hazel * 

In addition to being the head- 
quarters of the company, the 
building is an unofficial monu- 
ment to a family of New England- 
ers who in the last century began 
to sell a clear liquid, concocted try 
local Indians, as a tonic for al- 
most all ills. From the company’s 
antiquated factory nearby, much 
of the world's supply of witch 
hazd still flows. 

“It's sort of a tune warp here," 
said Brad Jordan, a 29-year-old 
blender and machinist at the fac- 
tory’s machin e shop. “It just hap- 
pens that everything here works 


niriiy-ifi i ji * 

tonal bleeding and wrinkles. 

At its peak, the witch hazd in- 


1979. jLeClair still keeps the Dick- 
insons’ handwritten ledgers, 
which go bade nearly 90 years, 

near his desk. 

The first family member to en- 
ter tbe business was the Reverend 
Thomas N. Dickinson, who 
bought a general store in 1866 on 
North Main Street to manufac- 
ture witch hazd, then a regional 
remedy. 

From 1897 to 1930 his son and 
grandson, E L 1 and E E 2 in 
company parlance, transformed 
tfcenanedy into an international 
product with the help of a little 

hokum and a Freshly minted 
myth* 

For example, a pre- World War 


INTER NATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, MAY 27, 1985 

language . 

Mother Earth, Father Time 

^B^yone should watch his a her M Jgee- wbstlt u ttn i Man: A View 

raenn Nor was it required that, m uy. In b»ocHcmisny-JWM_ Mastoid to kill the two 

equality, we drop mankind and for the Upin, course title to "Of 

Stoically. tbe male usage tas embraced ^ mentions of A View for the 

andsuchexpressonsas-ftefa^yofma^noiwu .Molecules a reference to 

down of women. I don t gd worked upover Pereotu S about the tattttc 

Earth and don’t expect women to get worked up over Wdff m Horseback n phra* ^ rok - 

Father Time. “solitary bv to 8 mcamn^es 

“It seems to me that inequality is so morally una^ “Gauttfe* arcsedong a 

ceptabte," writes Iva E Doitchmau, asastam profes- ^ 

sor of politi ca l science at Vassar College, mat one new Combatant on none hdirvets in aca- 

cumot be ‘too excited’ about incauality." Shebdwves Tq its credit, and to the rchef attomey 

that mang ihe pronoun their would be better than his freedom, the univg^ 1 ^ 0 ” . t, 

in referring back to the suigular-arntrued everyone, w k*L Vice Ob* 


US pcalU Uic wuwi utwj i ut “ i~- . . . 

dustiy had dozens of brands com- n company paraph^ 
peting for customers. Few con- “The Birth of Witch Hazd ra* 
r ° .i. _ .. .l. b.u , Dwuin At Tnffl. 


sumers knew at the time, 
however, that many, if not most, 
of the brands were made by E E 
Dickinson. “They all came from 
the same vat," said Donald R. 
LeChir, the company’s vice presi- 
dent in charge of operations. 

LeGair works in the walnut- 
paneled office used by the three 
Edward E Dickinsons who once 
headed the company. The last 
family member to run the compa- 
ny. E. E Dickinson 3d, died in 



MEn Bgp/Tha New Tort Tim 

Richard M. Kirpas checks rats of witch hazel 


counts tbe talc of a group of Indi- 
an medicine men who erne day 
threw some RamameUs twigs into 
a heated cauldron. “Suddenly, the 
phantom-tike form of a beautiful 
maiden could be seen through the 
steam," the booklet said. “This 
spirit was supposed to be the 
Witch Hazel" The spirit was said 
to have imbued the potion with 
ffiagfcfll powers. 

A more likely explanation for 
the name, according to Robert 
Dirig, an as sistant curator at the 
fa prftariiim at Cornell University, 
is that the forked branches of the 
HamameHs tree were often used 
for dousing, or “water witching." 

One storage room at the office 
building is filled with souvenirs of 
witchnazel advertising cam- 
paigns, including a 1910 poster 
that shows a coven of witches 
twining bubbling pots in a forest 
at night. Says a caption: “As 
made in the olden days." 

Today the company makes far 
more modest claims for its prod- 
uct, recommending it for skin irri- 
tation, massag es and “tired feet" 
The U. S. Food and Drug Admin- 
istration has certified that witch 
hazel is safe and effective as an 
astringent, but it does not certify 
its effectiveness for other uses. 

Partly because there are now so 
many other cosmetic and phar- 
maceutical products on the mar- 
ket, witch hazel no longer enjoys 
the popularity of decades past. 

But. according to Charles Klein 
and Co., a consultant that special- 






ihan the reverse. Haying never known (I sunnise) the universal use of man and 

societies. - - - nsu rrT. imri iw intn 


warmth of a female-initiated embrace, you no aoum 
ramf to the astounding conclusion that women were 
sociall y and linguistically inferior." 


xaauy ana nnguismamy uugiiui. societies. . - - rrcuamuu6.« 

Wow. I have frequently been engaged in «f*n- y e man signifies males* 
m exchanges, but have never before come under ad ^ barbarisms as ombudsperson or^ertfm** 


"AS MADE iN THE OLDEN DAYS 

j?c ururnf. oi iAi :T;> o<rr:u-Ui?-rr. rr.z r.zuznniW- 


IMa l&ap/T1» N" Una 

Poster from 1910 advertising witch hazel 


nan exdianaes, but have never before come under ad 
mulierem attack. “Such nonsense as ?c»sm awsquff- 

i- . ■ u. — _ Pat Immnefir. nnntV- SQ 8 PS 


On pronouns: “ffis as the 
pronoun to follow one 
of similar kxig-standing f 

writers —especially in state 
taken to substituting the cumbtisoioc a» .««- 
sary A*s or her" ■ • . 

I tried to reach Grossman, the 
Sadst Language Czar (which uidndB czarin^hnl 

wSrok^^thai was 

federalese for junketing, or 
ment of Education’s r^kmal director ia S«a Ft» dy 
co. John Palomino, wouldn t cook to OH jpam v : 
The secretary of education in Washingum, William 

_ _ M . . ____ ^_« 1 . M'l 1 a wunnta I MMinif 


izes in consumer and packaged 
goods, E. E- Dickinson still donn- 
nates the SlO-million-a-year 
witch hazd maikeL 
And some of the company’s 29 

mrt p ltiyaes s till marntam that their 

product possesses the unique 


worked in the factory for 12 years. 
Tm 52. When Ponce de Lena 
was looking for tbe fountain of 
youth, he passed right by here." 

Every year from December to 
March, as witch hazd trees and 
bushes blossom in Connecticut 
with golden Dowers, three farmers 
in the northwestern comer of the 
state col 450 to 600 tons of witch 
hazeL The fanners grind up the 
wood in 85-year-old Dickenson 
choppers, one-ton contraptions 
with pointed teeth and whirling 
blades. 

Factory workers load the 
chopped wood with pitchforks 
onto conveyor belts and into 
chutes that drop tbe wood pieces 


into 10 stainless steel vats. The 
wood steeps in steam for eight 
hours. By the end of a workday 
dozens of gallons of cool liamd 
drip out of each vat, smelling like 
woody hafr tonic. 

This “crude" is usually mixed 
with alcohol to preserve it and 
piped to one of 13 storage tanks, 
where it waits to be bottled and 
shipped. The process has re- 
mained pretty much unchanged 
over the years. 

But Richard M. Kirpas — the 
company’s vice president of qual- 
ity control a job described as 
something like the company’s 
vintner — protested that making 
witch haari was not at all easy or 
unsophisticated. Anyone who 
tries to imitate the Dickenson 
process, he said, will wind op with 
a pretty bad brew. “There is a 
secret to the time of year you cut, 
how long you cure, the type and 
quality of ihe water, and the type 
and quality of the alcohol" Kir- 
pas said. “The final product is a 
careful mixture." 


ana sound ot asuduuu, _ — . . 

and good-natured venom, by an opponent whokcows 
wberethey stand. In my view, u»e professor goes 

overboard, but I like the fonn of her dive. 

A COUPLE of weeks ago. a seemingly 
agency that Ronald Reagan long — 

■K£h - the U.S. Department of Educanan- 
SSon adversity to hiring to ** such sexrn 
terms as man-made in one of its catalogs- 
Paul D. Grossman, chid .regional aitamey lcrc the 
department's .office, 





letod by fedmal^iktat was what the lawyer called “a this should not happen again. . . 

viable alternative." We then discussed the synonymy ofha adjective: 

resource development ... «iAwr in meanine to anadtedfor wongmspamt 


uneauumiiiv »u«‘ : — - — 

ga than unapproved and both more disapproving th^- 

In the education section of the catalog, the lawyer inthU cwe.a^TaS^. 

zeroed in on thecoltoquial grai^GranBMndupm a Scdsm ^ ^ imposition of languSe change by 

course called “The Role of Experts in Social Services, ^ raiherthan by sptnwdpnvate-de- 

The word gnuasmanship is an extension oT Stephen ^ of education Itices tosay — 

Potter's one-upmanship and gamesmaiulup; il is a ■ ^ meddlesome, unwarranted and wrong, 
mocking meaning “one who plays tbe game t™uui csu,HC > ““ “»• 

nf Fmtm-al nr Frmnrtntinn monev ” NO mailer, it JVew Y ork Tunes Seme* 


l* ? i". 

Jill m 

igim 


Potter's one-upmanship and gamesmanship; it is a 
nuvin'ng m?nngF > J meaning “one who plays tbe game 
of getting federal or foundation money.” No matter, it 


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