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The Global Newspaper 
Edited in Pans 
Printed Sirauitaneauslv 
in Paris, London, Zurici 
Hong Kong. Singapore, 

The Hague and Marseille 



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Published With The New York Times and The Washington Post 

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Tha teoootad Pros 

Mefamet AE Agca was escorted into the defeDdants’ cage as 
the trial of seven persons accused of conspiracy in the 
shooting of Pope John Plan! II began Monday in Rome. 

Aid for Anti-Left Rebels 
Gaining Support in U.S. 

By Joanne Orrnng 
and David Ottaway 

Washinpon Post Service 

administration, supported and 
sometimes prodded by a broad 
range of members of Congress, ap- 
pears increasingly willing to advo- 
cate aid to anti-leftist insurgencies 
in many parts of the Third World. 

So far the support for these in- 


snrgendes is larady rhetorical, and 
the record of US. aid delivery is 
confused and contradictorY. It is 
also probably incomplete, because 
the public record does not include 
all covert operations. 

But a chorus of administration 
speeches has been accompanied by 
independent papers and legislative 
efforts in pursuit of that goal. 

“We must not break faith with 
those who are risking their lives — 
on every continent, from Afghani- 
stan to Nicaragua — to defy Sovi- 
et-supported aggression and secure 
rights which have been ours from 
birth,” President Ronald Reagan 
said in his State of the Union ad- 
dress in January. 

Similar statements have been 
made by numerous senior officials 
in his administration. 

< Congress, departing from its re- 
tenL history of opposing UJS. in- 
volvement in messy Third World 
conflicts, appears surprisingly ea- 
ger to help oul Democrats in Con- 
gress have taken the lead in push- 
ing for overt aid to rebels in 
Cambodia and Afghanistan. 

Two Republican senators have 
proposed setting up a special office 
in the White House to coordinate 
U.S. aid to rebel groups opposing 
Soviet-backed governments in the 
Third Wodd, from Indochina to 
sou them Africa to Central Ameri- 
ca. Other suggestions would make 
such aid an overt program by 
switching control over it from the 
Central Intelligence Agency to the 

.Defense Department.. 

Nflut some officials worry that too 
formal a doctrine might cramp 
their flexibility, winch now pe rmits 
contradictory behavior in different 
cases. Nevertheless, there is general 
agreement that real content is slow- 



ly being given to a policy that is still 
mare sentiment than gih $ nmra» 

The “Reagan doctrine” was de- 
fined by Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, the 
former chief U.S. representative to 
the United Nations, at a May 10 
luncheon. This doctrine, she said, 
“slates the case for the moral supe- 
riority of democratic institutions,” 
a superiority that is “nothing short 
of revolutionary.” 

Secretary of Stare George P. 
Shultz said in a .recent article in 
Foreign Affairs magazine thai “die 
American people have a long and 
noble tradition of supporting the 
struggle of other peoples for free- 
dom, democracy and indepen- 
dence. If we turned our backs on 
this tradition, we would be conced- 
ing the Soviet notion dial Commu- 
nist revolutions are irreversible 
while everything else is op for 

Mr. Shultz's statement reflected 
one of the roots of this develop- 
ment: conservatives’ long-standing 
irritation at what tbey ■ call U.S. 
rity in the face of an active 
fomenting of revolution. In 
the 1970s, several have said, frus- 
tration soared over Soviet gains in 
the Third World and over The ap- 
parent reliance an covert action 
alone as a response. 

W illiam J. Casey, the director of 
central intelligence, noted the 
“good news” of widespread anti- 
communist insurgencies in a Janu- 
ary speech. Moscow is “spending 
close to $8 bQHon a year to snuff 
out freedom” in Afghanistan. An- 
gola, Cambodia, Ethiopia and Nic- 
aragua, he said.. 

The West, he added, need not 
match this Soviet effort. “Op- 
pressed peqple.want freedom and 
are fighting ror it They need only 
modest support . . . from nations 
which want to see freedom pre- 
vail," he said. 

Insurgencies are fighting leftist 
governments in all the countries 
that Mr. Casey mentioned, plus 
Laos, Mozambique and Vietnam. 
Overtly, at least, tire Reagan ad- 
ministration has moved as cau- 
tiously as any of its predecessors in 
providing aid, but it is starting its 
praise for the new insurgencies at 
the enthusiastic levd that it took 

(Cootinned on Rage 7, CoL 1) 

Starts in 
Pope Plot 

Convicted Turk 
Claims in Court 
That He Is Christ 

By Michael Dobbs 

Washington Post Service 

ROME — The dial of three Bul- 
garians and four Turks accused of 
plotting with Mehmet AH Agca to 
mnrder Pope John Paul D opened 
Monday and was interrupted by an 
outburst from the pope's convicted 
areaHnn^ in which he predicted the 
end of the world. 

“I am Jesus fTwfet In the name 
of the omnipotent God, I announce 
the end of the world. The world will 
be destroyed,” shouted Mr. Agca, 
27, a rightist Turkish terrorist who 
was convicted of shooting the pope 
an May 13. 1981. He is serving a 
life prison sentence. 

Mr. Agca's remarks, from a met- 
al cage in the courtroom, were dis- 
missed by the prosecutor, Antonio 
Marini, as “stupidities directed at 
journalists.” However, they were 
described by Luigi Consoio, a law- 
yer for the Bulgarian accused, as 
evidence that the Turkish 
was “psychologically on 
Mr. Agca later said that he was 
ly sane. 

prosecution case against the 
Bulgarians depends largely on the 
credibflrty of Mr. Agca who has 
changed his story repeatedly. 

Mir Marini asked for 
Tbrirish extremists in West 
ny, France, the Netherlands and 
Switzerland with connections to 
Mr. Agca to be brought to Italy to 
give evidence. 

Most of Monday's session was 
taken up with procedural argu- 
ments between defense and prose- 
cution lawyers over whether two of 
the accused who were formerly em- 
ployed by the Bulgarian Embassy 
in Rome were entitled to diplomat- 
ic inanunity. The court postponed 
a rating until later in the trial 

Only four of the eight defendants 
were in the courtroom, a convened 
gymnasium previously nsed for 
major Italian terrorist trials. The 

r emaining four are either in Bulgar- 
ia OT in hiding. 

The case has been called the “tri- 
al of the centmy” by the IiaEan 

Easi-West rdation^^be prosecu- 

( Condoned on Page 2, CoL 3) 


Disaster Toll 
Continues Rising 
In Bangladesh 

U* AooczJad fc« 

A weeping woman buddies under an umbrella on the island of Sandwip, Bangladesh- 

Iran and Iraq Step Up Air Attacks 

st Genua- A A A 


MANAMA, Bahrain — Iran and 
Iraq stepped up air strikes against 
each other on Monday, with eight 
towns reported hit cm either side of 
their common border. 

A military spokesman in Bagh- 
dad said that Iraqi planes struck at 
“selected targets" m three Iranian 
towns, in rinding Abadan at the 
head of the Gulf, and in a militar y 

In Tehran, tire Iranian news 
agency. IRNA, said that I ranian 
planes raided militar y and econom- 
ic targets in five Iraqi towns. . . , 

Iraq ended an eight-week lull in 
the air war on Sunday with bomb 
and missile nttaHre on I ranian cen- 
ters in retaliation for what it said 
was Tehran’s involvement in Satur- 
day’s car bomb attack on the emir 
of Kuwait. Iran has denied the 

The Baghdad spokesman said 
Iraqi jets on Monday hit the Irani- 
. go border towns of Sar-e-Pd-e-Za- 
hab and Gilan-cGharb, in the cen- 
tral-northern war front, while 
another wave attacked the oO cen- 
ter of Abadan. 

The sp okesman said Iraqi p lanes 
also hit the Ein Khosh military 
camp, but did not give its location. 

IRNA, received in London, 
quoted the Armed Forces Staff 
Command as saying that Iranian 
planes attacked the Iraqi towns of 
Diana, Ali al Gharbi and As Sa- 
diyah after earlier strikes an Aqrah 
rv*dtCoi Sanjaq —-all within about 
35 miles (60 kilometers) of the bor- 
der. Both sides said all planes re- 
turned to base. 

At the United Nations on Son- 
day, the UN secretary-general Ja- 
vier P6rez de Curilar, expressed re- 
gret at the resumption of raids on 
civilian areas and urged restraint. 

Mr. P6rcz de Cn&llar visited both 
the I ranian a nd Iraqi capitals last 

Aqrah, Diana and Koi 
are in tire Kurdish mountains 
northeastern Iraq while As Sadiyah 
is on their southern foothills. Au al 
Gharbi is on the central front of the 

Iran has accused Iraq of using 
Saturday’s car bomb attack on the 
emir of Kuwait as an excuse to 
attack Iranian civilian centers. 
IRNA said that at least 13 persons 
were killed in air raids on Tehran. 

In Kuwait, tire newspaper Al- 
Anbaa said that security forces 
there had identified the car bomber 
as an Iraqi with a Pakistani pass- 

The paper said initial investiga- 
tions indicated that he had been a 
member of tire banned Iraqi Islam- 

( Continued on Page 2, CoL 5) 

By William Claiborne 

H'oL < ">gicn Post Service 

DHAKA, Bangladesh — Navy 
ships and aircraft intensified tire 
search Monday for a reported 
12,000 or more people missing in 
the cydooe and tidal wave that 
swept over the Bangladesh coast 

It was tire worst natural disaster 
here since the country became in- 
dependent 13 years ago. 

An estimated 250.000 persons, 
many of them fishermen and rice 
farmers who settled in thatched 
huts on relatively new islets created 

Flooding in Bangladesh is an an- 
nual phenomenon- Page 5. 

by tilting in the Ganges River del- 
la. were believed to have been left 
homeless after the high winds and 
waves swept over seven islands 
□ear Chittagong, in southern Ban- 

There were conflicting reports of 
the number of known dead, with 
one district a dminis trator's report 
giving an official toll of identified 
victims as 1,302. But a spokesman 
for the disaster control center here 
was quoted by news agencies as 
saying that 3.000 bodies had been 
recovered and that al least 12.000 
people were still missing. 

[The League of Red Cross and 
Red Crescent Societies said Mon- 
day that 40,000 people may have 
been killed, and it appealed for SI. 7 
minion in aid for victims, Reuters 
reported from Geneva. 

[“Our people there say the entire 
papulation of Sandwip, Pirbaksb 
and Pukiarchaga islands have been 
>i away." Richard Bergstrom, 
ad of the Geneva-based organi- 
zation’s Asian division, said in a 
statement. 1 

Disaster control officials said tire 
islands hit hardest were Ulichar, 
Sandwip, Char Clerk and Had a, all 
located west of the port city of 
Chittagong. They said that Chitta- 
gong. for the most pan, escaped 
damage as the cyclone pushed a 
tidal wave northeastward. 

Authorities said 217 persons 
were reported to have died on 
Sandwip island. Early news agency 
reports said the island had been 
devastated by tire tidal wave with a 
loss of 10,000 lives. 

Bangladesh radio on Monday 


put the total death uoll at about 
100,000 for all of the seven stric’ccn 
islands, but there was no confir (na- 
tion or that figure by rescue u ork- 
ers and the government 
Bangladesh’s mania! law li _*ader. 
Lieutenant General Hussain Mo- 
hammed Ershad, who tour ed the 
area by helicopter Monday . said it 
was the “worst tragedy in Bangla- 
desh’s history.” 

The Bengali-language d: lily, lue- 
( Continued on Page 2. CoL 3) 

Gorbachev Asserts SDI 
Will Thwart Arms Talks 

The Associated Pros 

MOSCOW— Mikhail S. Gorba- 
chev said Monday that UJS. re- 
search into an anti- missil e system 
in space would thwart disarma- 
ment efforts, and called on other 
countries to make space a peaceful 
frontier instead of “a source of 
death and destruction.” 

In a speeds at a Kremlin lun- 
cheon honoring Willy Brandt, tire 
former West German chancellor, 
Mr. Gorbachev said: “There are no 
people in the world who would not 
be worried by the U.S. plans to 
militarize space:” He was referring 
to the U.S. roace defense program, 
which is called the Strategic De- 
fease Initiative by the Rea g an ad- 

A text of the speech was carried 
by the Tass press agency. 

In meetings Monday with Mr. 
Brandi’s delegation, Mr. Gorba- 
chev characterized the first round 
of disarmament talks with the 
United States in Geneva as “com- 
pletely fruitless.” according to 
Ejgon Bahr, a disarmament expert 
in Mr. Brandt’s Social Democratic 

Mr. Bahr said it was dear from 
Soviet and U.S. statements that 

“the first round brought practically 

Mr. Gorbachev’s comments fol- 
lowed an editorial in Pravda, the 
Communist Party dail y t ha t laid 
out Moscow’s complain is about 
U.S. positions at the Geneva talks. 

Mr. Gorbachev’s comments to 
Mr. Brandt seemed designed to 
pressure tire United States into re- 
vising its position at tire second 
round, which begins Thursday. 

Asked whether Monday’s talks 
touched cm prospects for a summit 
meeting between Mr. Gorbachev 
and President Ronald Reagan, Mi. 
Bahr said Mr. Brandt bad asserted 
that a meeting must lead to a reduc- 
tion of world tension. 

Mr. Gorbachev indicated that he 
was ready for such a meeting, and 
that “preparations for this, or con- 
tacts about h, are taking place with 
the Americans," Mr. Bahr said. 

He gave no further details, but 
bis statement was consistent with 
reports that U-S. and Soviet offi- 
cials were still talking about a 
mee t i ng. U-S. officials indicated 
last week that Mr. Gorbachev and 
Mr. Reagan were unlikely to meet 
until next year. 

Tht fiTrintoti FVr 

Mikhafl S. Gorbachev, right, greeted WOly Brandt on Monday at the Kremlin. 

Cut Short in 
Beirut Camps 

Compiled h Ow Staff Frem Dispatches 

BEIRUT — Red Cross vehicles 
entered one of Beirut's besieged 
Palestinian camps on Monday to 
evacuate the wou nded, but tire op- 
eration was suspended after oruy 
half an hour. 

Red Cr oss officials said tire evac- 
uation w&is call' id off when Shiite 
Moslem cmlitiaanen ringing Borge 
Barajni c;imp threatened to stop 
and search thie convoy of ambu- 

“The cease-fire lasted zero min- 
utes,” a Ret] Cross official said 
while explosions and automatic 
weapons fire echoed around Borge 
Barajni He declined to apportion 
blame for th e premature end to the 

“The evaluation operation has 
stopped because the Palestinians 
refused to I jee some of our people 
who are h dd hostages inside tire 
camp,” an Amal official said, add- 
ing that ib £ release of at least three 
Amal figbiters was a condition for 
letting in tire Red Cross. 

The exfient of tire evacuation was 
undear. Reuters said that eight 
badly injured men were evacuated 
to the 'Draze town of Shweifat, 
south of Beirut. 

Unit ed Press International 
quoted security sources as saying 
that four Red Cross ambulances 
and three cars carried at least 14 
wounded, mostly women, out of 
tire carnp. heading for Draze Mos- 
lem hospitals in the Chuf Moun- 
tains sibove Beirut. 

Red Cross vehicles entered 
Borge Barajni twice before in tire 
past -week of fighting but were 
forced! back by gunfire after remov- 
ing a j handful of wounded. 

Altlhough Palestinians who es- 
caped the camps said Sunday that 
residents, both guerrillas ana civil- 
ians. were being shot indiscrimi- 
nately, their reports could not be 
confunned Monday by the Red 
Cross: or others. 

Palestinian sources said that 
hundreds of injured were trapped 
in tht; camps without proper medi - 
cal care as Shiite Amal mflitiame n 
and Irebanese Army troops fougju 
to proven! any resurgence of Pal es- 
tinian military power in Lebanon. 
This Red Cross has been denied 

(Continued 00 Page 2, CoL 2) 


■ The “Teno-Tom,” or Tames- 

see-Tomibgbce Waterway, is fir 
nall y epen, and a lot of hopes 
are ridmg on it Page 4. 

■ Undecided voters appear to 

be the key to Sunday’s elections 
in Greece. Page 6- 

■ Radio MartPs opening has 

[shaken up Cuba’s monolithic 
media. Page 7. 


■ New films on tire Vietnam 
War have rewritten history, in- 
dulging in a macho string of 
fictitious victories. Page 13. 


■ Crown Ze&rbach and Sir 

James Goldsmith have said that 
they wi2 jointly restructure the 
firm. Page IS 

^fecial report 

■ European Community mem- 

bership and the . {neadeatial 
election dominate Portuguese 
political life. Page 9. 

Sports news page J4. 

Will Stroessnerism Survive Stroessner? Paraguayans Debate the Inevitable 

By Alan Riding 

New York Times Sendee 

ASUNCION, Paraguay — There is no evi- 
dence that General Alfredo Stroessner, the 72- 
year-old president, is iD or is planning to step 
down, but what comes after his rule of 31 years 
is suddenly the main topic of ddrete in Para- 

The government has tried to limit discussion 
of the issue, argning that the entire concept of 
“pcw-Stroeraerisn" has been invented by op- 
position groups bent at agitation. “There is no 
such tiring as post-Stroessner,” an official said. 

Bui in a country Where, in tire words of a 
journalist, “tire news is always tire same,” 
change is now bang viewed as inevitable. 

“We’re definitely m a pre- transition period.” 
a foreign diplomat sakL^ “Stroessner will stay in 
office as long as he wants to, but there is 
' widespread concern about what will 

A number of factors have fed the debate. 
The return of civilian rale to three nrighboring 
countries — Argentina. Brazil and Uruguay — 
has reawakened the dream of democracy here. 
The Central American crisis also constantly 
reminds Paraguayans of the problems that fol- 
lowed the abrupt end of the Somoza family’s 
45-year rale of Nicaragua. 

“Regimes of this sort are factories for mak- 
ing Communists,” a centrist critic of the gov- 
ernment said. “They give the Communists all 
the banners they need” 

President Ronald Reagan contributed to the 
uncertainty this month by including Paraguay, 
along with Chile, Nicaragua and Cuba, among 
Larin America’s remaining dictatorships. 

The Stroessner government, which describes 
Paraguay as a “demoaacy without commu- 
nism/’ was stunned, b laming Mr. Reagan’s 
advisers for his “unfortunate distorted con- 

The strongest shadow of the future is being 
cast by the power struggle within General 
Stroessner’s Colorado Party between tradition- 
alists and militants whose influen ce derives 
entirely from their loyalty to the pr esiden t 

“The traditionalists believe Stroessner 
should step down in 1988, that seven temw in 
office are enraigh,” a leafing member of tins 
faction said. “Thar is the best way of ensuring a 
smooth transition and pieServiug tire Colorado 

In contrast, the president's inner circle, 
headed by his private secretary. Mario Abdon 
Benitez, is said to be seeking control of the 
party, not only to nominate General Stroessner 
to an eighth term at its 1987 convention but 
also to determine his eventual successor. 

In public, both groups continue to pledge 

ly limited to elections taking place in hundreds 
of party committees around tire country. But in 
private tire names of possible successors to 
General Stroessner are being juggled. 

The president’s son, Gustavo, 42, an air 
force major, is mentioned, although so far he 
has not been promoted as a public figure by his 

Both Mr. Benitez and Luis Maria Argaria. 
tire president of the Supreme Court, are sug- 
gested in different aides as possible civilian 
solutions, while no one writes off General 
Andres Rodriguez, commander of the power- 
ful First Army Corps. 

While not poring a direct challeng e to Gen- 
eral Stroessner. the debate has provided insighL 
into the nature erf his rule. Despite the appear- 
ance of one-man rule, it involves a partnership 
with the Colorado Party, the annex) forces and 
local business interests, and all share tire bene- 

The importance of the party, in particular, 
distinguishes General Stroessner from most 
military str ongm en. Membership in the Colo- 
rados — which literally means “the reds” — is 
a condition for joining the armed forces and 
police or for entering government service, even 
as a teacher or nurse. 

The party, which claims 12 million members 
out of a population of 3.5 million, maintains 
offices in every town and village, which thus 
serve as a grass-roots vigilante network. 

Although head of the party. General Stroess- 
ner nonetheless remains at heart a military 
man and has invested heavily in preserving the 
loyalty of tire aimed forces. Occasional dissi- 
dents are quickly purged, while tire 000011/8 
more than 100 generals and other top officers 
have beat allowed to enrich themselves, in 
many cases through control of tire lucrative 
contraband business. 

Finally, business allies of the government 
profited handsomely from the burst of eco- 
nomic growth that accompanied construction 
of the huge Itaipu hydroelectric dam on tire 
border between Paraguay and Brazil in the laie 
1970s and early 1980s. 

This boom also brought changes of potential 
political importance. 

“Enough filtered down to create a signifi- 
cant middle class,” a foreign resident said, “the 
kind of people who travel watch television and 
listen to the radio, people who know what’s 
happening in the wand. In essence, the country 
began to outgrow the political system ” 

The Stroessner government has. however. 

(Continued on Page 2. Col. 7) 

General Alfredo Stroessner 


c,... . 

Pagii 2 


Diplomats Keep Hoping far Closer Ties to India 

I X “backtracked rhetorically" when Soviet-IiM&m friendship is 

By Steven R. Weisman 

JV rw For* Tb»w Service 

ed States in June to strengthen 
U S -Indian friendship. They con- 

IV ew ions lana ww.-—- — “ .... ■ ' w*-_ 

NEW DELHI— Prime Minister waded “Jl*. 

Raiv Gtrodhi’s enthusiastic over- cow were in most respects 
S to iSSrtttOwm last week dictable rejterat.on of 

has prodioced a shudda of disap- lo “®f“"!? 1 ^ l ^SS’ MD h [ t s , the 
pobtmen l among U.S. diplomats Acoordmg to 

^ Tjm sc^ts have I- "SfSS 

^-tSSksks aasasisBBfi 

gram that reduced taxes, tanns ana w ^ andbngeamountsofeconomicand 

s °^f n ^3i«tSttiedinoth- “There are two schools of military aid pouring in since the 

thought,” the official said of this 1950s. 

er_w^ to mo^w the reaffirmation. “One is that he is Moscow is almost amwnally 

Sm to chart an independent States, easy now. The other fetal hewas friend. Uiairi to Pakfcraa is al- 

course, keep people guessmg and °83^™ n0 w to have been bong awfully deya, feed^ Aeto- rmp ma^yviewedasa^xat 

SSeapar&rviewofliKhm ^^hNew Delhi against nctohiscnncswtthnomteoiionof to India. Few e^ms expect this to 
.ai(-Mtmd wren if it means trn- Mnamtod in urmedr. changing course. c han ge. 


20 Dead, 13 Missing in Tanker Masts 


occurred. . . . . j... hnriies of more victims 

But they' and others said they 
were convinced that Mr. Gandhi 
would still use his visit to the Unit- 


Yei in recent weeks, some West- 
ern analysts say they have detected 
a slight out significant softening in 
tone by India. The shift is traced 

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31 Mr 

32 Ch 

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35 Uj 
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37 Pu 
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. 38 Cr 
39 Ca 
41 So 

By rrmse muuan» ^-r“- frif-ndshro WHO Moscow. r . icnc py mm a . inc sum. is mcea 

whose assassination, fa® 1 Oct 31 a comment by President Ronald eamomm activity is tnoogit by 0I jy - m part to India’s heightened 
thrust her son Rajiv [“*“ Reagan this month in Madrid that 501116 interest in obtaining ul. high 

In Moscow, on his 5rst mayor bring “an eco- ground, with payments made illic- tedmology for its mfl&ary. 

r?fflSS8£ nomic revolution* tadl£ was ‘^^S^senioraideto More impormni. senior U A dip- 

Mr “ gSGHSJSESJS tomats^yfiscoveragr^S 

package of trade ana mvesuu** Some US. officials apprared wr- X£\T!? .ErzSj-I wfflmmess bv Indian official* tn 

■arvufc.# sssssst® ijss-™. 

New YotkCg^r SB* S.SSSS gsi-SftjSSpS “SsSlESP* 

n^imAirV also expressed granmdc for Soviet “ fcai foitat itwould minister’s bouscdMorngand cco- 

UKimerCy friendship a*d enuozai the U-S. JPgSg Mr GandM from doing Mnuc programportended a basic 

Jr Hnfpl position <m arms control and aid to ““twras 6 change m outlook. 

rarlK notei EEsuin. , U S. official said last “There was never any question 

n . ,, Cftn mnm AS Mrs. Gandhi did before him, A sotot to ten 0 f relations with the Soviet Umon 

Distinguished 500 room criticize soviet ac- wrektatit S 5 S S t eJS being diluted in any way," the aide 

hotel . with aedkn> Afghanistan, other than to * hcd J^ ^loaeorSm eco* said. “I think ideologues of the left 

Restaurant, Cocktail Lounge. at a new inference that India TewSms^ready an- and right arc looking for these 

Room Set -vice and Piano Bar. jjj interventions in foreign nomicr ^ ^ cbang^ in^ parti because they didn’t 

Overlook ing Gramercy Park countries. w« the Drime minister had already like Mrs. Gandk. 

I With n,ewlv decorated, After years of weathering Mra. the prime umua ^ 

rooms. OandhTs Wttff critidsms of U.S. - ‘ 

in LWTrTTI HI A Ki miiin if ^ 

technology for its miMaiy. 

Rajiv Gandhi 

riitmy j i g f pf that thp. so l di ers should 

avl ju uuumuJi , w , 

More inrortai^ senior U5. dip- The Americans regard this as a 
^^y_di^over a greater improvement over earlier ar- 
wflfingness by Indian officials to ginnwitg that the Russians were in 

“P*® Af^Stan because Kabul “invit- 

vate, about the presence of more -rZZL 

‘'There was never any question 
of relations with the Soviet Union 

than IOOJOOO Soviet troops in Af- 

ed" them 

But in an interview with News- 

ams t an - _ week published Sunday, Mr. Gan- 

In conversation with Americans, rfhi r^rtq atwl thf j mindfliri Indian 

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GandhTs bitter criticisms of U.S. 
policies, some U.S. officials were 
reported to have felt that Mr. Gan- 
dhi, who is 40, might be differenL 
A senior U.S. official said recent- 
ly that at Mrs. GandhTs funeral, 

J . m. /x T1 CTLi.ltf 

(Continued from Page 1) 

tuui Il fclH fliv iwwug IW uiwm m 4U3U dXKUCU UUU UA WfUl 

changes, in part because they didn’t to keep its troops m place, which aid to the Afghan rebels was keep- 
Ijice Mrs. GandhL" leaves the assaraptiem that the In- ing the Russians there. 

rts Are Under Way in Bangladesh 

many people perished because robenxiymgthrou^Ittavyseasto of cattle, creating potential health 

some of the missing may have fled reach the islands, aid air farce heii- hazards. 

to the mainland. copters fenied in medicine, food An official at the disaster control 

job in the deal 
lost their jobs. 

Kohl and Mitterrand Meet Today 

BONNYReuters) - Chancellor Helmut Kohl of WatGomany and 
President Francois Mitterrand erf France wiD 
smooth out disagreements on issues including U^. plans for space-based 

d 1*£ta t tic sources said both lead® hoped J 

of Constance,. West Germany, would dispd impressions of ^ 

Rxmald Reagan’s Strategic Defense Imtmu^IteaR^redto be sedmg • 

not to dSS himself from Mr. Mitterrand, who has refused a research , 

role for France on the Reagan project 

Portuguese Leader Is Visiting Macao 

MACAO (Reutere) --Preadent Antrimo RmualtoEanraofP«tuMl 

arrived Monday in Macao at the end of a visit to China, where he held 

talks on the future of the Portuguese-administered temtoiy. Ibc Uunrae 
leader, Deng Xiaroing, told Mr. Eanes that the funire of Macao would be 

dia’s longtime fnendship with decade and Monday. "But it is true, many were ter and, accoitJing to Mr. Islam, 

Moscow. ... iwJndv became in- swept away, maybe a fourth.” personally supovised the burial of 

India is Moscow’s pnnapal md farmers Because of the remoteness of the two wtimT^e state-run tdevi- 

India is Moscow’s prindpal farmers Because of the remoteness of the two victims. The state-nm tdevi- 

tiade partner among the less devd- ^bitM bjrmnmnoi ^ rfccmmimira _ aon showed film of the president 

oped nations, with trade totahng who tionSi could not be giving water and biscuits to chfl- 

more than S3 billion a year. But tmuhigerosi reached by the district go vern ment drea and handing out clothing to 

India’s largest trading partner is thedeita arra. . , . authorities. A disaster control cen- other victims, 

the United States, with an annual On one or me isimos, uu official said it mav take rescue Witnesses returning from the re- 

India’s largest trading partner is 

the United States, with an annual on “ “f ^n^TkTsqiiare ter official said it maytake rescue Witnesses returning from the re- 
total of $4 billion- aboutM squareml «1 workers two or three days to reach Kef operations saidroat the delta 

His first months m offiaja« The mi- those areas. and the Bay of Bengal were Uttered 

g to Mr. Mam, go percent of the crops were do- 
sed the burial of strayed, 
state-run tderi- The authorities said that among 
of the president the missing were fishermen who 
biscuits to clril- had been out to sea when the cy- 
; out rlnthing to done struck and fanners who may 
have tried to Bee to safety by boat 
ting from the re- as the storm devdoped- 
iri that the drfta General Ershad called off a 
rgal woe littered scheduled state visit to China on 
bloated corpses Wednesday. 

His first monms m orncc gaw ” those areas. and the Bay of Bengal were Uttered scheduled state visit to tmna oj 

S^STShle M say how Hn« navy ships wge reported -itt. thomand, of bloual coyxs W«to«d iq . 

Red Cross Evacuation Is Cut Short in Beirut Camps Reagan Plan 

XtSsS tSMT-. 1 --— Has Tuition 

sons echoed from aD three camps 
on Monday. Moves to end the 
I fighting , which has killed at least 


In the Sabra camp, where the 

siege or air auaca, naa oceu urawu auci nn^ , 
from Palestinian prisoners under Roofs sagged perilously with de- 
mterrogatian, he said. bris. Walls lay on top of one anoth- 

Up to 254)00 Palestinians have er like packs of playmg cards. 

fighting, which has ldUed atleast or gutted fled the camps and their homes Manycars wt s twnwd, fattened 

250 people aiid wonnded 1.000, rf fi^nngMs IiamaM dsewhot into dry. Many of thon or nddled with bdl«_hola. 

By David E. Rosenbaum 

Ww York Tuna Service 

SSBaSiiin ^Ueutenant elsewhere in the dry. Many of them 
mamed deadlocked. said- "Thoeare a few Palestinian say hundreds of wounded arc dying 

The Palestinians reject Amals 5an ‘ 

demand that they hand over weap- 



For VM, Aewfawk, Ufa Expatim*. 

Sand detailed resume 
for free evaluation. 


M0 N. Sepulveda BIvcL 
Los Anodes. California 
90049, Deal. 23. USA 

I 1 Trial Starts lor Agca, 7 in Pope’s Shooting 

^ ... . . ... i-_ inm 

(Continoed from Page 1) In his testimony, Mr. Agn smd arrested in November 1W« 
non alle ge that the assasanation that he wanted to underline that he charges of complicity in the plot, 
attempt was mounted by the Soviet was completely rane. He aid that to investigators, 

bloc in an attempt to suppress so- he was detenmned to tell the truth m lemony ro a 

Antrmnv iK 

WASHINGTON T 1 The tax rc- 
tjjpw jt„ n0rT \ vision plan that President Ronald 
(Un, Reuters) ^ sending to Congress this 

— week wiB include proposals for spe- 

,1 m dal tax breaks for the parents of 

mrmfino' private-school students and for 

/uuvuug businesses in designated poor 

n November 1982 on neighborhoods, Senator Bob Pack- 

m ,K- nlnf wood said. 

Mr. Padcwood, an Oregon Re- 

hewaTdetermni^to teU toetruth In testimony to investigators. pu5Ucan ^ is chairman of the tOSlDiOC IS DSOaiU 1 raui oaiYUUWUia 

dal and oolffi^uph^raK in the about the assasanation attempt Mr. Agca named Mr. Antonov as Finance Committee, was inter- WASHINGTON (AP) — Documents said to have been captured from 

IfSkT StedeSS^thegSt f",2PS?3SfS viewed Sunday on a television pro- Sl S£™^ C SL that the Soykt uZ.Vtetnam 

The defense contends that Mr. tragedy in the history of mankind he to teveo^oa an er gram. Bulgaria, East Germany and Cuba have been providing traimng to the 

Aeca has been influenced while in ffiffie cage next to Mr. Agca sat zssassmztom Vi 1 ; A ?i The president will begin his ram- uSmts. 

^Sn by people with an interest in Sergei Ivanov Antonov, 37, the for- ^ paign for oveihaulingthe fed^l ^S>epartmem rffidals wbomade thedocmnoits avaSabk aid the 

Hnking theScrviet bloc to the papal mer deputy director of the Bulgan- or anytto^to ao income tax system iwitii a televised papem nndascored the breadth of the outside assistance proridedtothc 

n tot. ® an state airiinc in Rome who was plot to loD the pope. speech scheduled for 8 P31 Tues- J^ds. The offidalsspoke on condition of not bring identified by name. 

r J ->TL. Shvlf min h« cml . . J UI, mJIhnl AT 

SCU1CU CwU} iiuuuku uiouiij . . . , . 

Mr. Fawi»« , the first Portuguese president to visit Macao, was handed ; 
the keys to the territory, which was founded 428 yearsago. It wa sjhe fi rst j 
European settlement on the south China coast China and Portugal ■ 
in Beijing last week that they would soon open talks oojjhe-3 
transfer of Macao to Chinese rule. Lisbon conceded sovereignty in 1975. | 

Terrorism Laws Proposed in Kuwait J 

KUWAIT (AP) — Sheikh Saad al-Abdullah al- Salem al-Sabah, Ku- j 
wait's crown prince, denouncing the attempt last weekend on the life of j 
Kuwait’s emir, asked parliament Monday to issue anti-terrorist legisla- t 
tiou. J 

The government will labor hand in glove with parliament to enact 
laws necessary for the protection of the country,” Sheikh Saad, who is J 
prime minis ter, said in a speech broadcast on radio and television. "It's j 
hi gh rime we stood united tn tell all, that although we are a small country, i 
i we are capable of confronting evil, subversion and aggression.” He did 
i not spell out the nature of the projected legislation. 

A car bomb was driven. Saturday into the motorcade of the emir, 

‘ Sheikh Jaher al-Ahmad al-Sabah, killing three persons and injuring the t 
■ emir and 11 others. The independent newspaper al-Anbaa said the car’s ] 

: driver belonged to the Islamic fundamentalist aLDawa party. Security 
- officials said that more suspects had been arrested. 

i East Bloc Is Said to Train Salvadorans i 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Documents said to have been captured from : 
Salvadoran rebels six weeks ago indicate that the Soviet Union, Vietnam, 
Bulgaria, East Germany and Cuba have been providing training to the • 

i imwrgente. ' .... 

like floating when 

More like float 
youVe flying 

• • •* '* 'ST 


WrJ ;s 


plot to iou me pope. speech scheduled for 8 PM. Ibes- 

day. The proposal itself will be sent 

to Congress on Wednesday. 

Iran and Iraq 

a tt Tfc • j Lake Buena Vista, Florida, To- 

SlttH I JH Ml(l8 marrow evening I wffl address the 

Jt L nation about a dramatic new pto- 

.. n^,, posal to reform our tax system. It is 

(Cautumed firora ^ e . 1 ) apropwal intended to launch a 

ic Call party, winch u fighting for ^ revolution and to 

an Iranian-style government m give to you as you come of age a 
Iraq- . ... . nation of ever greater freedom, vi- 

The emir escaped with only ^ ^ ^reSgth." His remarks 
scratches, but two secunty guards were J reported by The Associated 
and a passerby were killed along p^j 

The documents did not specify whether the training was polibau or 
military, and offered no indication whether the training was part of a 
pattern involving large numbers of insurgents or whether such instruction 
has been given only on a limited basis. 



sseroy were xuiea auwg press.] 

“^^hbc, sent home 30 

wounded and rick Iranian prison- mdudmg kiwoed imt rates, m 
era of war Monday under Red 

rwc emvrvisifWL the abolition of many tax jwefer- 

Red Cross com- ences now enjoyed by mdiyidoals 

misrion here, Franklin Thevenaz, and 

Sdat Baghdad airport that a joint 

Iracp-RedGr^ (nroical ootmnis- aides over the last two weeks, 
son decided to send the POWs As described in the president’s 
home without demanding Iraqi fiscal 1986 budget, the tuition tax 
prisoners in exchange. credit proposal would allow par- 

Mr. Thevenaz said that the ems of children in private demeu- 
POWs, most of them in their 20s, tary and secondary schools to sub- 
would be handed over to Iran at tract from the income taxes they 
Ankara airport under Turkish gov- owe half of their tuiho u payments, 
eminent supervision — the usual yn to $200 in 1986 and $300 there- 
procedme for prisoner repatria- after. The credit would not be 
turns in the war. Iran returned 42 available to families with incomes 
disabled Iraqi POWs last month. above $60,000. 

■.5St * 

As described in the president’s 
fiscal 1986 budget, the tuition tax 
credit proposal would allow par- 
ents of children in private elemen- 
tary and secondary schools to sub- 
tract from the income taxes they 
owe half of their nation payments, 

3 i to $200 in 1986 and $300 there- 
ter. The credit would not be 
available to families with incomes 
above $60,000. 

4 * Most 1 
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s the _ 

For the Record 

eft a CT4m « and Britain exchanged documents Monday ratifying their agree- 
d to ment on the future of Hong Kong. ffleattej 

£ e . a Fowr Ghaoiwidvaisemmts convicted of defrauding the Bank (rf Ghana 

of 37 3 million cedis ($700,000) were sentenced Monday to death m 
filing squad, the Ghana News A^icy rqxirted. (Radas/ 

18 Roque Carranza was named defense mhiwtfr of Argentina on Monday 
to replace Raiil Bonis, who died Saturday. (•«“. 

, in- 

£E The Future of Stroessnerism 
** Is Debated by Paraguayans 

lent’s (Cocitiiraed Cram Page 1) C ommissi on, said that compared to 
n tax resisted political liberalization. In the mid-1970s, when there were 
par- December 1983, it allowed leaders more than 1,000 political prisoDOS, 
men- of the Popular Colorado Move- there was an apparent improre- 
sdb- meat to return home after 25 years ment. “But there is no repress*® 
they in erile in Buenos Aires, apparently because thane is no opposition, 
tents, fearing they might be backed by she said. "And as soon as there ft 
here- Argentina's new democratic gov- opposition, there is repression. _ 
it be emmaiL In 1979, the opposition parties, 

omes Rut their movements in Para- inducting the small Febrerista Rev* 
gnay are restricted — policemen on olutionary Party, formed a so- 

motorcycles follow them wherever called National Accord aimed at 

■q they go — and they have virtually coor dinating their activities. 

no access to the government-con- To mark Independence Day an 
trolled press. May 14 this year, the alliance was 

On the other hand, the infhiea- alfcwed to hold a meeting in a 
rial leaders of the Authentic Radi- downtown square of Asundto that 
cal Liberal Party and the Christian dred about 3,000 people. In pmc' 
Democratic Party, Domingo Laino tice, intimidated by the govou- 
and Lins Alfonso Resck, remain ment and weakened by infighting, 
banned from Paraguay. The Na- it has won little public support. 

S tional Homan Ri^its Commission, “If Stroessner dies now, Stroess- 
whose members suffer frequent ha- nerism will easily survive," said Ue- 
rassment, said about 50 political elides Acevedo, president of the 
prisoners were still being odd, in- Febrerista Revolutionary Party, 
eluding Heriberto Alegre, a lawyer TU say something odd: 1 hope te 
who has defended peasants in land lives for two more years. We 'need 

disputes. to use the next two years to present.: 

Carmen Casco de Lara Castro, credible alternatives for the trana- 
president of the Human Rights tion” 

No other business dass has seats like Flyifigtoand from America wall never 

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Leading the way to the USA 


lO*r t Lisn 

f. . JT Pt-Ydlc. Prr Ir< :*>C ivv'f - 1 •? C j Kfle. 74. Cfjrp-.-E'.!«n . 1 ‘V It •. Hj 

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JO • >3-j K t • ft ''jv^e • be— Hi*> . n.,-1 .i-jf- -Cm r • fie.' > > " • • 




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Telephone: 01/251 62 31.Telexa 53449 grand eh. 


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Long-Awaited U.S. Waterway Raising Large Hopes 

Some Fear Hurt R«ry Job Forest far . , 

- . WT-Ii: 13 c^u~j r sional scrutiny and sharp public tiuclydiaracter^ 1 ^ end up sitting on the norrnc researcher at the lUrnwa 

By William E. Schmidt ££ SSaS???® “E* 

New Yak Times Semre budding^dilt road W tJCfflOOl 

AMORY. Missisappi — Tom- Jgf ta fonoSly dedicated in cere-’ But in toe end, *eS“[J P£ 
mySwansayshehas been hcarmg ^ ^*,*8 eastern vailed. In Congress, poraJJP 0 ^ 

it ance he was a small boy: how the SSbS mTS^Alaboma. tidans such as SenaOT John C 
Tennessee-Tombiebce Waterway TmtiMM River, in S tennis and Representative J _ _ 

oflding “a dm. road to me mouu. ■ 

But in the end, the Souto P**; ® «SL-y i 

Mi l fflW.ll M iwmujwum/ UHk, a — VJ 

“then well end up sitting on the nomic researcher at the University 
hanlc and just waving at the boats of Alabama, that would mean are- 
as they go by.” ating twice as many jobs m Alar 

as mey ° — v~ 7—' J 7 j . — r 

Kot every community, he said, bama as the state has gamed m the 

can have its own port on the last 15 yens. 

‘Tena-TonC’ 35 toe waterway is 
known locally. 

Meanwhile, new studies suggest 

Mississippi and western Aiaoama. ^ •Tenn-iom. a» u« u 

Tennessee-Tombigbee Watffway Tennessee River, in Stau ^. 81x1 Demo- known locally. — — . ^ . . . 

was going to turn the local econo- _ on t ieastern Mississippi, to the L. Whitten, Mississippi L«m Meanwhile, new studies suggest But others remain optimistic, 
my around and bring jobs and peo- ^ Mobile, Ala- crais, earned the day. . that shipping along theTenn-Tom They argue that the waterway, by 

pie to this poor quarto- of eastern through a 235-mile-long But even as local bowtere dui ing itsfina year of operation cutting up to 800 miles off dripping 

Mississippi. nsSkflomcier} system of locks Amory and a dozen omer ^ reach ^ about 15 million routes to the gulf from sane Mid- 

Now, after decades of congres- ^ToSlkmg the Tombigbee planned urns, barely half what the Army die Western ernes, will in time draw 

tamtycontmuedqvertneaoooimu Engineers projected nine more business and create jobs and 

Rl ^We wailed a long time for it to of B mk ^ wealth along its count 

Draff Agency* FBI be built, and I suppose we’re going don’s costliest public png ^ a srody forccasting Tbc one immediate benefi t of the 

^ ^ 9 w have to wah some more for the ects. hwinesses. tonnage of 27 mfflion in the first watenvaysofarhasbeen mrccrca- 

Mpive Training fitohnp^t to take hoW," said Ul y«rd operation was used to hdp non. Amory now tail tee boat 

merge 1 raining Sw8 ^57, who owns Tomm/s can*- justify the huge expenditure of fed- and marme acres, including one 

Washington Fast Serrice Men’s Wear on Main Street i“’“2S5ta^S , 00 tte ml la* dota tobuM the waier- operated by Dm_Sandcn. - wfao add 

“rd settle far just a 30-percem 
increase,” Mr. Cheng said. 

Washington Fast sance Men’s Wear cm warn arras. ^ CT^ridve barge tines on the 

WASHINGTON — Attorney stores, left behind by time and the mg lower dieir 

General Edwin Meese 3d has an- local economy, are empty now Mississippi KWCT ^ work on me waterway, wmen past year. 

^^toSamingforagmurf - tathejohsiDlco.De-tf.ry wDI ra “ prqjec- began rnjm m amfM m Or . wdfflrfs the . lew 1 ate 

the Drug Enforcement Administra- come in time. ^.v^Tth/iobs the waterway December, 18 months ahead of Jo™ 1 °[* e to ? S K\^ 

zL!v!ii tfl the FBI «nce the 1 9th century, politt- dons about thejoDs tow® y schedule. filled with houseboats, fishing 

Academy to Quantico, Virginia, d^Trnid shippers had been pro- would produce were y °P fiut dxangcs - m the world and boats and water skkas. Mr. Swan, 

MxTvear movinR the agency a step posing a canal through the shallow mnuc. . . ^ domestic economy smee the nnd- who repembere the summer days 

dosJ to a mere^ wiSpBL hdkd nortbeastemttojppi to Stfll m 1970s have skewed the ongmdeco- when he could aows toe 
cSigmraWMW are named at connect the north-flowing Trnius- ^^^Se^Srtition noimc forecasia. The energy dut Tombigbee^has brnghl huradf a 
theFederS Law Enforcement see River and the headwaters of the Epes dan “JjJiStt ooSwrau- has depressed toe export market poniocn boat and his son a motor- 

MS-- 0 b«,G-. souMo^gT^b^^^ tetaS-JSSJSUd- 

his sales votame has doubled to the 

li I'"' 1 ' 

Wait on the waterway, which past year, 
began in 1971. was completed to On weekends toe new lakes 

tion will be shifted to the FBI 
Academy to Quantico, Virginia, 
neat year, moving toe agencyasiep 
closer to a merger with the FBL 

December, 18 months ahead of formed upriver of toe kxks are 

. . ' -.t_ i i r.l: u 


But to the world and 

domestic economy since the mid- 
1970s have skewed the original eco- 

filled with houseboats, fishing 
boats and water skiers. Mr. Swan, 
who remembers the summer days 
when Ire could walk across toe 


Mr. Meese, who announced the 
plan Friday during a visit to 
Glynco. described toe transfer to 
the Virginia facility as pan of a 
process of building closer coopera- 
lion between the FBI and toe drug 



per d«. Autohanso, 

a-UPQ Vinno. Tel ZOflM- 


They argued that this would pro- xusis, mdustn^^«s ami corps or Engineers once said “Last week, wh 

videVshaSt for shippen ; bound atonntojraraayliretaWg wo 3d make up 75 percent of toe tog for the lock," 
for the ports of the Gulf of Mexico, lie officials liavej become waterway’s tonnage. whose enthusiast] 

an alternative to toe Missisappi toal too many ccmmmu try . ^ experts dismiss as e&agger- Tom still bums b 
River that would save both hme tog to do too muen aion«. forecasts that toe project next to a great bi 

andmouey. ■ wotodpmeratelSS.OMnwVobsto toe way from Des 

Opponents outside toe region, ahead, Govotot uumi by toe year 2001. Ac- aflmyyeais,Inev 

including environmentalists, rou- lam of Mississippi warnea in a re- ^ anyttong Eke toa 

r r m S. woulQ ZXgSSS&ZEE 

jBgyMiajg giiSssn —*■»«»»■ «■ ««» * * i" a» 



fCondnaed From pack rage) iqdy.rrfafladPAgfiosvs. 

' - — ISlMlfBIVTVnMniAIWnmrinv 

ts once said “Last week, white we woe wait- 
percent of toe tog for the lock,” said Mr. Swan, 
whose enthusiasm for the Tarn- 
mss as exagger- Tom still bums brightly, “we were 
hat toe project next to a great tog yacht down all 
OOOnewjobsin toe way from Des Moines, Iowa. In 
year 2000. Ac- all my years, I never thought Td see 
any thing like ihat to Amory, Mis- 
VICES 1 sissippi-" 

- * _ A.uw-nCTP KneissL center, and her 

C lwi iw von Bukm’s stepcMWren, law^yNfichael Armstrong tstoty 

!-n^ssaaraas ass®- “■ — * 

In Yon Bulow Case, Defense Blodks 

Key Testimony From Earlier Trial 

" ~ K«. n doctor and Gerhard Meter, the 

By Jonathan Friendly h £‘ 7*!!^, tJwlSh SSor who saw her^at Newport 

y *L York Tima Sana “ Hospital. in ter sa»ndam.fim n 

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state’s case had been severely limit- heart." 
ed. The defense has vigorously am- Tte chief defense lawyer. lnom 

tested, usually with success, a wide as P. Puccio, said, however, 
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- - r - in toe Isles decision, the judge 

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judge, Corinne P. Grande, barred 
toe state from reading to jurors or 
the testimony three years ago from 
Mr. von Bulow’ s former mistress. 
In that testimony, Alexandra Isks, 
who is reported to be to Europe and 
has not taken the witness stand 
here, said she had told Mr. von 
Bulow twice that she would end 
their affair if he did not divorce his 

The judge has also told the pros- 
ecutors informally that without 
Mrs. Isles's testimony they cannot 
tell toe jury that the defendant 
would inherit S14 million of to 
wife’s $75 million if she toed but 
might get nothing if he divorced 

some of toe testimony was unfair 
and that she was “holding this case 
together with baling wire." 

In another departure from the 
first trial. Dr. Janis Gaihtis, who 
treated Mrs. von Bulow to her first 
coma, switched from prosecution 

witness to toe defense side, 

At the first trial he said be had 

JUi UlC Ihira utuaiuu, guv j-vy. /VI UK HIM UliU Uw Ntu ik uou 

said that a transcript was no substi- fla mosed the coma as resulting 
tute for a living witness and that fam a combination of factors in- 
toe state had not tried hard enough eluding low blood sugarleveis that 
to find arid bring Mrs. Isles to toe ^ j n.<a t |jn injection could produce, 
witness stand. Here he said the patient ted gone 

When tte State Supreme Court into a coma because toe ted 
overturned the 1982 conviction, it choked on her own vomit and 
said some evidence had been im- could not get enough an. 
property admitted. This time, evi- Then toe judge forbade the doc- 
deuce has been struck that was not tor to read an exchange of letters he 
contested in toe appeaL For exam- had had with Mr. von Bulow. After 

pie, toe judge barred Maria Schrall- toe first trial the jurors said thei 
hammer, Mrs. von Buiow’s person- letters, in which the defen danil 
al from saying that Mr. von asked tte doctor to exonerate his 
Bulow gave his wife vitamin toots, delay in summoning medical help. 

n-t _ nT-l__ Dinkorrl cmmll tlv onwt fU A UlliltV (11311 

The judge also stopped Richard seemed tte work of a guilty man 
Stock. Mrs. von Buiow’s personal covering up for a misdeed. 







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Page 5 

Botha Says 


Afghan Rebels Hope Unity WMAidFight 

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Never Accept 
Black Rule 

The Associated Pms 

- LONDON — President Pieter 
jV. Botha of South Africa says that 
the blade majority most be given a 
say in government “at the highest 
levd - possible” but that the white 
minority wiQ never accept- blade 

“1 rule out a unitary state," Mr. 
Botha said Sunday in an interview 
televised in London. He said that 
whites “will never accept a unitary 
state in which they will be dominat- 
ed by majority rule. We beheve in 
the principle of one person, one 
vote as knig as it is not in limitary 

South Africa’s two other nrinor- 

o* mixed race, can elect representa- 
tives to separate houses in the 
tlnee-cfaamber Parliament domi- 
nated by the five million whites. 

But the 22 milfioa blacks are 
excluded from Pa rliament The 
government views them as eftrans 
of tribal homelands and allows 
them to vote only for tribal leaders 
and community councils. 

The government announced Sat- 
urday that it will permit members 
of different races to join the same 
political parly. But the government 
it will continue to bar blacks 
.4un voting for national offices. 

Mr. Botha said, “We must make 
provision on as many tiers of gov- 
ernment as possible for them to 
lake part and to have a say in then- 
own affairs, firstly.” He said blacks 
should “also have a say in those 
nutters of common concern with 
us.” and “eventually 1 would say to 

Asitetftf he rnle^Mbiacks ever 
sitting in the same Parliament as 
whites, he said, “I don't foresee the 
future in 30, 40 years’ thrift If we 
take an evolutionary process, it is 
not for me to describe what will 
happen after the ttisni?aaf«i had 
hem completed.” 

Li Jong Yul, vice president of the North Korean Red Cross, left, is greeted 
Korean chief delegate, Lee Young, Dob, in Pannnmjom in the D emiK t 

Koreans Discuss Separated Families 

PANMUNJOM, Korea — The first North Ko- 
rean delegation to visit Seoul in 12 years arrived 
Monday for talks m reuniting millions of family 
members separated since the Korean War. 

The Red Cross group — 14 delegates and advis- 
ers, 50 journalists ana 20 attendants — walked 
awiqg Thft De militarized Zone at this hftrrier vflln g p 

25 miles (40 kilometers) north of Sepal 
Seoul officials said they did not expect much 
progress to be made in the talks on Tuesday and 

Wednesday because North Korea wanted to shift 
the limelight to its proposal for discussions on 
political issues. 

But Lee Young Dok, the chief South Korean 
delegate to the Red Cross talks, said at Fanmun- 
jom that he would try to malt* the discussions 
productive and tackle substantive matters. 

He said the first item on the South Korean 
agenda would be to try to find out which separated 
family members were still alive in the Noth and 
their addresses. 

Bangladesh Floods: Annual Disaster 

:'r -i. ■„ 

: . 

• V.. .v‘: 

-a: «.SI. 


V t - ?...* ti: 

Militiaman Isfounded 
By Rightists in Maputo 

United Pros International . 

LISBON — Rightist guerrillas 
seriously wounded an imarmad mi- 
litiaman in central Maputo early 
Monday in the first sum guerrilla 
strike in the Mozambican capital, 
reports reaching Lisbon said. 

Portuguese radio, citing official 
sources in Maputo, said the gun- 
men fired on the unarmed, off-duty 
mm Hama ti on a central avenue and 
then escaped by car. _ 

By William R_ Greer 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — The high waves 
that raked the Bangladesh coastline 
and the spray of islands in the Gan- 
ges River delta tins past weekend 
are a phenomenon that strikes the 
country annually, often destroying 
the homes and crops of hundreds of 
thousands of people and, occasion- 
ally, taking as many lives. 

Thousands of islands are creat- 
ed, swept away and recreated every 
year at the point where the brown 
waterways of the Ganges delta flow 
into the Bay of Bengal. These shift- 
ing islands, called oars, teem with 
farmers during the day who come 
to plant and harvest rice in the rich 

It was from these islands that 
thousands of Bangladeshis were 
swept into the ocean Saturday by 
10- to 15-foot (3- to 45-meter) 
waves created by a cyclone with 
winds as high as 100 mQes per hour 
(IfiD lritometers per hour).. 

Bangladeshis especially suscep- 
tible to the ravages of cyclones and 
the high waves, called “tidal 
bores,” that race along before 
them. Its landscape is broad and 
flat, cut by the Ganges and Brah- 
maputra rivers, and one-third of 
the country floods annually as 
monsoon rains cause the rivers to 
overflow their banks. 

It is also one of the most densely 
populated countries in the world, 
with at least 95 million people 
crowded into 55,126 square notes 
< 143,330 square kilometers). 

Every year is marked by flooding 
that destroys homes, scarce crops, 
and lives. There are also droughts, 
and, after both, famine. 

On Nov. 11 and 12, 1970, a cy- 
clone swept across the Ganges Del- 
ia and drove the sea far inland, 
flooding villages and kUhcg at least 
300,000 people. 

M April 1977, waves created by a 
tropical cyclone in the, Indian 
Ocean kflled-more than 600 people. 

In 1980, flooding forced the evacu- 
ation of 500.000 people, and 10 
deaths were reported. 

Last June, flooding was blamed 
for the loss of 200 lives and the 
destruction of more than 50,000 

“They get them annually," Ken 
Comba, a meteorologist with the 
U.S. National Weather Sendee in 
Washington said of the cyclones. 
“But depending on how they hit 
and where they hit, the casualty 
rate varies Irenumdously.” 

Saturday’s storm started forming 
in the Indian Ocean at midweek, 
gathering strength from the evapo- 
ration of the ocean’s warm water, 
and began moving slowly toward 
the Bay at Bengal, he said. 

By the time the center of the 
storm struck land, just west of the 
capital, Dhaka, on Saturday, its 
winds were Mowing steadily at 55 
mpb, with gusts of 70 to 100 mph, 
along a stretch of more than 100 
miles, Mr. Comba said. 

By Rone Tempest 

Uos Angela Tima Service 

PESHAWAR, Pakistan — Since 
the Soviet intervention in Afghani- 
stan in December 1979, disunity 
and conflicts between resistance 
factions have plagued the Mujahi- 
din fighting Soviet and Afghan 
government troops. 

But 'rebel leaders hope that an 
affiance formed here this month 
between moderate and fundamen- 
talist factious wfll lead to greater 

.That hope is shared by the U.S., 
Chinese and Saudi Arabian gov- 
ernments,, which are expected to 
provide the rebels, under covert 
programs, with more than S400 
million in military aid this year. 

The alliance, called the Ittehade 
Islami Afghan Mujahidin, is com- 
posed of ifie seven largest and most 
active guerrilla organizations. 

It marks the first time that all the 

leaders of the major groups, which 
range from extremist orthodox 
Moslems, akin to those in neigh- 
boring Iran, to Western-style secu- 
larists, have sat down together in a 
shoora, or ruling counriL 

“Never before have all gath- 
ered,” said Dr. Farouk Azmi, a 
sari or leader in the moderate Na- 
tional Islamic Front. 

Surge! Speen. a spokesman for 
the fundamentalist Islamic Party, 
said: “It is one of the most impor- 
tant actions taken in the past seven 

Before the alliance, he said, no 
one could speak for the resistance 
movement. ^ 

One of the main purposes of the 
alliance is to choose a single 
spokesman from among the seven 
leaders to represent the resistance 
in international forums, something 
that has been embarrassingly lack- 
ing in the last five years. 

At least 37 organized rebel 
groups are active in Afgh anistan 
They include royalists fighting for 
the return of Mohammed Tahir 
Shah, the dqiosed king now in exile 
in Rome; Persian-speaking Shiite 
Moslems; Maoists and obscure 
Sufi Moslem sects. They represent 
dozens of tribes in remote and rug- 
ged regions, and they speak dozens 
of languages and dialects. 

So far, no one person has been 
able to speak for their cause — the 
overthrow of the Soviet-backed re- 
gime of Babrak Karmal and the j 
withdrawal of the estimated I 
120,00(1 Soviet soldiers in Afghani- 

“There is no Afghan equivalent < 
of the Palestine liberation Organi- I 
ration,” said a British journalist, 
Edward Mortime. “No Afghan 
Yasser Arafat to appear as ‘Mr. 
Afghanistan* on the front pages 
and TV screens of the Western 

This lack of a single figure has j 
worked against the resistance ; 

movement in its pursuit of funds 
and equipment. 

Barhauddin Majrooh, director of 
the Afghan Information Center in 
the United States, said “it was very 
awkward” when every rebel leader 
was going to the United States and 
holding his own press conferences. 

On occasion, the competition for 
money and attention led to vio- 
lence between rival groups. Last 
summer, the Pakistani government 
ordered the various Mujahidin or- 
ganizations to move their offices 
outride the central business area of 
Peshawar, this city in the North- 
West Frontier Province where most 
of them had their headquarters. 

The order was issued after a 
bomb thought to have been planted 
by one Mujahidin group exploded 
outside die office of the Islamic 
Party, killing four people. 

More conflicts were reported in- 
.Side A fghanistan. A prominent re- 
bel leader near the southwestern 
dty of Kandahar recently defected 
to the Communist government af- 
ter losing his territory to a rival 
organization in a series of armed 

In the face of an expanded Soviet 
offensive in Afghanistan, which 
this year for the first time did not 
relax in the winter months, Afghan 
leaders and Western diplomatic 
sources say there have been fewer 
cases of internal fighting and that 
field commanders are pushing for 
more united leadership from their 
Peshawar-based organizations. 

“The Mujahidin fighters have 
been feeling so unhappy because of 
these divisions,” said Rasul Tarshi 
of the Fundamentalist Islamic So- ; 
dety. “I can tell you that once this 
unity is achieved, the Russians will 
run away, leaving their weapons 

There are, of course, other poten- 

tial benefits to having a movement 
under one banner. The leaders of 
the seven major groups hope that 
the other, smaller groups will come 
into the fold, although not as mem- 
bers of the ruling council. 

According to Gulbaddin Hek- 
matyar. leader of the Islamic Party, 
who announced the alliance at a 
press conference here last week, the 
alliance will have military and sup- 
ply advantages in addition to pub- 
lic relations benefits. 

Mr. Hekmatyar said later that 
the Mujahidin would be atie to 
consolidate and stockpDe equip- 

“We should be able to simulta- 
neously mobilize all our jihad 
forces in a united front against the 
Russians inside Afghanistan,” be 

Western diplomats, who have 
hoped for/niification of the Muja- 

hidin to help control the aid and to 
make it easier to keep track of the 
money spent here, are skeptical 
that the alliance will last 
“It could be significant.” one 
said. “It will probably allow them 
to have a central spokesman. That 
in itself would be a giant step for- 
ward. But if all this turns out to Ik 
some kind of vague body put to- 
gether for public consumption 
only, then 1 don't think it will make 
any difference." 

Yugoslav Leader Goes to V.S. 

The Associated Press 
BELGRADE — Prime Minister 
Milka Planinc left Monday on a 
state visit to the United States. 
Economic issues are to be at the 
center of her talks with top offi- 
cials, including President Ronald 

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. Page 6 


Gain by IRA Political Wing in Ulster May Delay Peace Search 

the Dam intended to use the dec- a 11 - The P®^ a P«tKnlarly aently to induce them to reopen Garret FitzGerald, the Irish 
ion ^ a means to break the isola- strong showings xn Belfast, where talks ooj the province. prime minister, said at his Fme 

ion inmosed bv w Irish law for- its candidates got 52 patent of the SnnFanssoooessmtheAssem- Gad party conference this month 
i nationalist vote, and in other cities, bly ejections a yenr earlier set alarm that Ac chances for this are. “at 

■ Bv To Thomas the political wing of the Irish Re- the party intended to use the dec- alL The party made a pmicnkrly dently to i induce them to reopen Garret FitzGerald, the Irish 

Nm pubhranAn^idded to the un- tioriwa means to break the isola- strong sfcwmgs m where talte on theprovmoe. prime minister said at ins Fme 

. london-t^^ sssssksessc 

official* raid they were bdls ringing in the Irish Republic, Mo <to something roS.sS 

scare n nv onium ana ireiann ror a - — — . tt - 1 — ' . . , , .1 

political solution 10 Ihe Ulsier vio- Jm, and they wmi to keep Smn Bntah otEoals sod th^ wm 

f Fpih c nipivee frnm snrMnins nrtmw smTtflSflfl nOT lmDreSSeu Oy 

Sinn Fein’s success in the Asscm- bdls ringing in the Irish Republic, best, perhaps, evenly balanced ” 
blvdections a year earlier set alarm where party leaders agreed they th _ t lhe . 0^^ - 

IxL ringing if Ite Irisb Republic. tadto dosonKthiagtotep S S.K’S.S i 


Although both Britain and Ire- 
land would like to announce pro- 

south t 

; fidding 

Northern Irel 


It gave them impetus to set up the 

before faH 

A strong showing in Ulster’s re- 
cent local elections by Sinn Fein, 

who puisne 1 

I and censor- predicted that Sinn Fein would win 
ie same aims 55 to 60 seats. By contrast, Sinn 

as the men and women of 1916” — Fein predicted 35 seats. It won 59. 
those in the uprising for Irish intte- However, the party's 11.8 per- 
. - ” ■*-=- cent share of the total vote was 

8 Die in Naples Accident 

The Associated Press 

NAPLES — A three-story apart 

peodence from Britain. — 

Sinn Fein's name is not allowed down from both the parliamentary 

on the ballot in Ireland, so all 122 dection in 1983 and die European 
. . kj 1 „r taftA 

candidates have changed their dection of 1984. 

meat building collapsed in north- 
ern Naples Monday, killing eight 

names to indude the words “Sinn 

em Naples Monday, killing eight 
residents and injuring seven others. 

S inn Fein did not run candidates 
throughout the province, but in the 

£ereruled out last winter by Prime 
Minister Margaret Thatcher. 

With this kind of support, Dub- 
lin analysts fed, Sinn Fein could 
expect nego time to win three of the 
province's 17 seats in the British 
Parliament: West Belfast,. Mid-Ul- 
ster and Fe rma na gh . 

It was the dection of Mr. Adams 

uZTZ. XTjLJZr. “J Recent signs that the British are 

had o> dosOTMthmg to keqi Sinn prepay to tough it out with the 

^The status quo deeply worry the Irish, 
data dL S^?L2S?fbe Mr-RtzCkrald warned tot domg 
security. Although tS^ry mtS 


not indtide change in theconsitn- 

nm meume cnange m meconsutu- — — - ■ — „ 

doaisattisSteNtS. wodd spread to our soaety also. 

It is just this political framework, last week, an IRA bomb killed 

however, that the Irish beEeve must four police officers near the border 

nrW^mmi^otA - -»*- - - * -- .C *t- - - - A * 


accommodate Northezs national- town of Newry. An exchange of 
ists if they are to regard the security accusations later brought to tight a 
forces as something other than an dispute that had been simmering 

fa- two years between the chiefc of 

— t! - _ ■ - LI* _ J - .L 

rri|| uuvuguuuk • ■■■ • — — — 

Geny Adams, president of Sinn places where it did run it took 41.6 
Fein, said in Dublin last week that percent of the nationalist vote over- 

ster ana ra nin aa ffi . “7-'. £TT — — , _ . *V”r “.“tT r* 

It was the dection of Mr. Adams It is unhkdy that the two prime ponce in the republic and m North- 
in 1983 as the West Belfast member ministers wiQ meet again without era Ireland. The two chiefs arc not 
of Parliament, Irish officials be- fi«t having good prospects for an speaking terms even though 
Iieve, that worried the British suffi- agreement. their forces oooperate. 

Senate Fund ^ ^ 

For Europe 

Is Attempt to 
Update Arms 

h Fitchctt 


fJeiry Adams 

Undedded Greek V oters 

May Hold Key to Election » 

J J .the Sena 

By Hcniy Kamm 

New York Times Soviet 

ATHENS — As the din of insult 
and accusation mounts to the di- 
max of next Sunday's general dec- 
dans, about 15 percent of Grade 
voters are still making op their 

They could decide the outcome 
between Prime Minister Andreas 


Papandreou’s PanheUerdc Socialist 
Movement and Constantine Mitso- 
talds's opposition, the New De- 
mocracy Party, which is believed to 
be moving up from twhind 
The latest polls, notably one by 
the magarine ENA suggest that 

made their derison and are split 
nearly evenly, with the Socialists 
leading by 32 perce n tage points. 

Not many voters seem to be open 
to persuasion by campaign argu- 
ments. Party loyalties run deep in a 
nation still divided by memories of 
the 1940s civil war. “If someone got 
slapped in the face during the awl 
war. be passes it on to his children,” 
said a textile worker in a coffee- 
house near Volos. 

To Mr. Papandreou’s support- 
ers. the Socialists represent the 
commoa man struggling for justice 
in a capitalistic society ridden with 
economic and social privilege. 
They view New Democracy as the 
party of the privileged, intent on 
enlar g in g their holdings at other 
people’s expense. 

Mr. Papandreou. Greece's first 
leftist prime minister, is campaign- 

ing for four more years to expand 
his social welfare programs. 

His government has raised wages 
and pensions, eased ac ce ss to edu- 
cation, improved health care and 
t-iin-p control of some industrial 
enterprises without quite national- 
izing them. 

Mr. Mitsotaltis contends that the 
Papandreou programs are ruining 
the economy and says that the So- 
cialists intend to perpetuate them- 
selves in power by means fair or 
fouL Promises to remove onerous 
import duties from automobiles 
and to shorten military service are 
among his main vote-getting tac- 

No matter how high the cost of 
Socialist measures, Greeks seem 
unwarned about where the money 
they are spending comes from. 
With the economy stagnant and 
drawing no investment, most of it 
comes from foreign loans and the 

veniional arms, a U.5 ottioai said 
^TT^oflidaL David M Abshite, 


Sotion. said, ‘‘The plan a » 
posed to promote greater traiu-At- 
t antic cooperation, more 
integration among Europttn de- 
fense industries and a significant 
alliance savings in weapons rft 

search and dcvdopraenL 

The sponsw M the proposal, an 
amendment to the 1986 military 
budget, was Senator Sam Nunn of 
Georgia, the senior Democrat on 
the Senate Armed Services Com- 
mittee. The measure was tentative- 
ly approved last Wednesday, and 
Senate leaders hoped to complete 
action on an overall budget this 
week. The House also must lake 
action on the defense budget. 

Mr. Nunn has frequently criti- 
cized European governments tor 

The Socialists inherited $9 bil- 
lion of foreign debt in 1981; the 
total is now more than S13 billion. 
They have reduced inflation from 
25 percent to 18 percent, but that 
rate is still more than three times 
the European Community average. 

Mr. Mitsotakis calls for far- 
reaching liberalization of the econ- 
omy. He would sharply cut the 
stale’s role and rely cm market 
faces, he says. This would reverse 
both the Socialist approach and 
also the policies of Mr. Mhsotakis’s 
conservative predecessors; they in- 
troduced state participation far be- 
yond the European average. 

With the election close enough to 
raise the possibility of no party 
winning a majority! attention has 
turned to the pro-Moscow Com- 
munist Party, which controlled 13 
seats in the outgoing 300-member 

The Communists have been 
hardly kinder to the Socialists than 
to New Democracy. They are be- 
lieved lflcelv to drive a hard bar- 

weapons. His proposal marked a 
rhjwg g of tone. 

The Senate defeated last year a 
tail sponsored bv Mr. Nunn that 
called for a withdrawal of one-third 
of the U.S. troops stationed in Eu- 
rope unless the allies increased mil- 
itary spending to maintain the U.S. 
troop commitment. 

Mr. Nunn has said that the Unit- 
ed States should no longer assume 
what he believes is a disproportion- 
ate share of NATO's budget. 

Mr. Nunn said last week that he 
was offering a carrot this year in- 
stead of a stick. But he added that, 
he would watch NATO devdo^JF 
meats and that be had no intention 
of “allowing the situation to return 
to business as usual.” 

“Year after year, the U.S. has 
spent 2 lo^ 4 percentage points more 
of its gross national product for 
defense than have our allies." he 

Under the Senate proposal, the 
research Binds would be available 
only to the extent that other coun- 
tries agreed to match U.S. spending 
and to pamipaic in specific pro- 

Mr. Nunn said' that in 1984. 

which he said was probably the 
year in which NATO collective^: 
spent the most, Warsaw Pact cou^ 
tries outproduced the alliance in 
tnwfcic artillery, aircraft and ships 
by margins of from 2-to-l toS-to-1. 

He said that urtiile NATO spends 
more, production standardization 
gives the Warsaw Pact an advan- 

Another U.S. official at NATO 
said the United States hoped that 
European governments would par- 
ticipate in the Senate plan to over- 
came the tack of coordination 
a mon g their national defense in- 
dustries. An ideal vehicle, he said, 
would be the Independent Europe- 
an Program Group, a body that 
indudes all the European members 
of the NATO militaiy command as 
well as France. 

The Nunn proposal, the official 
said, was aimed at getting U.S. and 
European military industries to 
startjoint research on, for example, 
self-guiding missies and advanced 

gain, should a minority 
dreou government neet 

Great for Tennis 

You feel good sharing your trip with the 
folks back home. They feel good 
knowing you’re okay. And everybody feels 
good because an international call 
costs less than anyone imagined. 

July 6-14 

International Grand Prix 
Tennis Tournament 


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^tbcFfsacSa^Hotds cftbcMhHd, 

dreou government need their 
support. Their declared goal is to 
deprive both main contenders of a 

The campaign has been virtually 
devoid of foreign policy debate. 
The America- baiting that was im- 
portant in Mr. Papandreou's 1981 
victory has been remarkably absent 
this time. 

Mr. Papandreou has mentioned 
the Western alliance only indirect- 
ly, as part of a populist assertion of 
Greek independence. Turkey has 
replaced the United Sates as the 
main foreign target, with Mr. Pa- 
paudreou taxing his opponent with 
being “soft” on what is called “the 
national problem.” 

electronics for new fighter platxu 
to be built in the United States and 
in Europe in the 1990s. 

..1 < r 

BRUSSELS - A Saute plan tiff* 
allocate $200 ndfiM for wopera- 
tive weapon* research between the 
United Statis and its Europom 
lies is aimed at hdpmg NATO to 

obtain WgWy ~ 

vftntional arms, a U.5 official said 

Ix)uis\^tton.Tke art of travel. 

lb Some people hxra a trine for “Monpgram" line or the new “ChaW 
travel They look upon traseflin^as a m»e art. line, bears Louis Vuitton 

These true connoisseurs require the bestir strength, durability and refinement P 

ne ii-tr fliwm ' T Ante Vmf+nn TL. " I « ■ 

is for them that the Louis Vuitton craftsmen 
create luggage and perpetuate the tradition of 
custom-making perfected over tbe lasr 130 


These skilled artisans ensure chat each 
trunk, suitcase and hag, be it of the dasric 

™ to «±. 

be it of the dasac “■'iqntlthasbeenmaintaiSstae^’ 18 
la Paris and the major does of the wodd. 

in Europe, cxdujredy it the Louis Vititwo shops. 

Paris • Niotf - Monte-Can a « London • Brussels • Geneva • I nmnw . Zurich • Milan 
fierce ce - Duisddorf - Frtakhirt . Hamburg . Munich. 






Ws V* 

fwl-. , .. . 


l |Kl!u> 

i , _ _ : . * V' 

• ’ k ' iV’: i ^ 

i " V'“’V 

<• ■ v ..•■ 


Aid lor Anti-Left Rebels 
Gaining Support in U.S. 

• • w.' ' ■ v 

.. v,; 

(Ccmtinaed oa Page 7, CoL I) 
years io attain for anti-government 
rebels in Nicaragua. 

When US officials first sought 
to justify helping the Nicaraguan 
rebels in 1981, they did not say 
much to Congress about the goals 
of the insurgents or the need to 
remove Maxxist-Leninistslrom the 
Njcaragnan government. Tngtw»rf 
they cited only a tactical need: to 
stop Nicaragoa from aiding leftist 
guemllas in El Salvador, where the 
Reagan administration had inherit- 
ed a substantial U.S. commitment 
to a government threatened by left- 
ist rebelKon. 

Gradually the terms changed. 
The goals became loftier. The reb- 
els are now “freedom fighters” who 
need US. backing to achieve a 
democratic and Comimmist-free 
government in Manag im Rrmilar 
descriptions are being applied to 
other countries’ anticommunist 
insurgents from the start. 

A senior State Department 'offi- 
cial traced the amxmiistration's 

*^e debated whether we had the 
right to dictate the form of another 
country’s government,” he said. 
“The bottom fine was yes, that 
same rights site more fundamental 
than the right of nations to nonin- 
tervention, like the rights of indi- 
vidual peopled 

The current in-house debate, he 
said, has taken this a step farther. 

... - “'.X ' vr, -c new approach to President Jimmy 
■ *: ... V r 4 -\- Carters advocacy of human rights. 

’«■ ’ ! 

: ’ . v’ - ::; (A *i 

• -i. . *" • * ■*.: j- . 

.« i 

.. 1 

k ‘ ■ ' !l • . v 

» *’ j ‘ 

. . ‘ ‘ w 
v \ .. 

• • - •-Jir.i- 

-*'!.■ • V f 

' • •• \WX"i 

V • 

• ‘ ; 

i.f ‘.i • . . 

J- S ... „ • 

Don Wallace Dies; 
As r W6AM’Spdke 
To Radio World 

Los Angeles Tima Service 

LONG BEACH, California — 
Don G Wallace, 86, a pioneer .in 
radio fl n inmiifiip pffon S iVan of 
U.S. kmg-rfistance amatatr radio 
operators, died Saturday after, snf- 
fering a stroke. - 

Mr. Wallace had been in touch 
with more people in more countries 
than any other ham operator in the 
world since 19SS, colleagues said 

llang his W6AM call sign and 
broadcasting from his ranch dotted 
with atop a ridge on the 

nearby Palos Verdes ftmmsula, 
Mr. Wallace became perennial 
champion “collector of countries.” 
By 1980, he had readied 365 daces 
riagsifiari as nnrirwut by die Ameri- 
can Radio Relay Leagne. 

A licensed radio operator by 
1912, Mr. Wallace was chief radio 
operator for President Woodrow 
WDson at the Versailles peace con- 
ference after World War L 

■ Other Deaths : 

Arnold Zofan, 60* the founder of 
Amo Press and a former vice presi- 
dent of The New York Times Co, 
Friday of congestive heart fmhne 
in Boston. 

Meg Casey, 29, believed to be the 
oldest survivor of progeria, a rare 

gCUetrC disor d er rancing prwnature 

aging , Sunday in Mflfc^. Connect- 
icut. " •: - 

. te rmme their own form of govern- 
ment; that is, we don’t have the 
right to subvert a democratic gov- 
ernment, but we do have the right 
against an undemocratic one.” 

In. pursuit of that proposition, 
the ad i n im i rt rari on is already step- 
ping gingeriy into a gray area where 
it is not 30 easy to decade which 
rebel groups arc genuinely demo- 
cratic and winch leftist govern- 
ments are beyond some nonviolent 
form of redemption. 

“What we’re trying to under- 
stjmd M Bifarf ihe fea«nBji 1 traits are 
. distingriifliirig one group of free- 
dom fighrant fmm another,” said 
Senator Robert W. Kasten Jr., a 
Wisoansin Republican, opening a 
hearing on May 8 on the subject 
bcforelris appropri a tions sobcom- 
wattee on foreign operations. 

Represmtaove Stephen J. So- 
lan, a liberal New York Democrat, 
offered six possible criteria, argu- 
ing that aid .should be considered 
for groups fighting non-Comnm- 
msrrepresstve governments as well 

tut rmnimnmt t g o v ern men ts 

He rebel group should be indig- 
enous to the cocntry, he said, ami 
should be resisting a foreign occu- 
pier ratircthm an estabbshed, rec- 
ognized. government. It should 
have broad" regional and interna- 
tional su pp ort, that its government 
lacks, as. well as badtmg in the 
United States. And U.S. nrihtary 
support should advance a signifi- 
cant American objective as well as 
enhance the prospects for a negoti- 
ated settlement . 

Under these guidelines, Mr. So- 
las -wid, ^id to the Nicaraguan 
rebels is not justified, because the 
government there is not a foreign 
occupation force. Aid to the Afri- 
can National Congress in Sooth 
Africa «nd to the rebels in Angola 
is ruled out fa the same reason, he 

But Me. Solarz. sponsored the 
proposal for S5 milpop in overt 
nriHtaiy rid to nbn-Cammunist 
Cambodian insurgents that has 
bear adv ancing through Congress, 
because that group meets his stan- 
dards, he said. 

In what several rffiriafe called 
the clearest statement yet of the 
administration’s position, Richard 
L Amritage. assistant secretary of 
.defease for international security I 
'affairs, told Mr. Kas ten’s hearing, 
*Trhc enemy of our enemy will be | 

Cuban Media Compete With Radio Marti 

New U.S. Station Prompts Overhaul in Monopoly Broadcasting Service 

WiHum J. Casey 

assured of oar f riends hi p if he 
shares oar values in his opposition 
to our enemy.* 1 

He ad ded, “Not every group that 
professes anti-communism de- 
serves our support" 

But he avoided listing criteria, 
saying that the decisions must be 
made on a case-by-case basis. “The 
only real issue hoe is the type of 
support winch should be offered” 
— overt or covert, guns or medi- 
cine, money or food, he added. It 
should come in conjunction with 
soda! reform efforts and after con- 
sultation with U.S. allies and 
should include consideration of the 
rffect oa U-SL-Saviet r elations , he 


“Once we have extended aid* the 
recipients should have a reasonable 
expectation tbat the rid will contin- 
ue,” Mr. Amritage said. “The 

struggle of apiti-f hmmnm t t groups 

takes place within and affects an 
international context in which the 
stakes are very high.” 

Noel G Koch, Mr. Amritage’s 
principal deputy, said in an inter- 
view that Mr. Kasten’s hearing was 
“a watershed in the policy process” 
and that Mr. Amritage *s statement 
was about as far as one could go in 
speBmg out criteria for groups wor- 
thy of^ U5. aid. 

“When you come up with a doc- 
trine and announce it to the world 
and it’s definitive, it’s also vulnera- 
ble" to damngft from r ase * that 
don't quite fit, he said. 

By Colin McSeveny 


HAVANA — Even before the 
U.S. government’s Radio Marti be- 
gan broadcasting to Cuba last 
week, it had jolted the Cuban me- 
dia establishment out of a compla- 
cency fosured during almost 25 
years of monopoly. 

The Voice of America, broad- 
casting from a transmitter in the 
Florida Keys, says it intends to 
offer Cuba’s 10 million people an 
alternative source of news and en- 

Since President Ronald Reagan 
first announced the station’s cre- 
ation in 1981, media officials in 
Havana have been busy. 

“One ironic effect of Radio 
Marti is that h has made the Cuban 
authorities much more skilled at 
seUm ^thqrjw wi propaganda,” a 

Television and radio services 
were overhauled, and Nival do Her- 
rera, the director of broadcasting 
for over a decade, was replaced by 
ayoung technocrat from President ' 
Fidel Castro's team of advisers. 

The improvem ents include the 
setting up of a round- tbe-c]ock ra- 
dio station with a new format of 

Mengele Hunter Ejected 
From Hold in Paraguay 


ASUNCION, Paraguay — Beate 
Klarsfeld, the Nazi hunter who is 
searching in Paraguay for Dr. Josef 
Mengfide, the war criminal, says 
that she has been ejected from hex 

Mrs. Klarsfeld led a demonstra- 
tion on Friday at which protesters 
carried a banner accusing President 
Alfredo Stroessner of lying by pro- 
fesring-not to know Dr. Mengdtfs 
whereabouts. She said later that the 
hold manager accused her of “of- 
fending the Paraguayan people in 
the person of the president,” and 
told her to leave the hotel Saturday. 

news programs, popular music, 
drama and documentaries. 

The more popular of the two 
television stations now has full -col- 
or programming and plans to grad- 
ually extend itsbroa ocas ting hours 
until 3 AM. 

Television presentation in gener- 
al has been made slicker, particu- 
larly in news programs, which now 
include such visual effects as split 
screens and moving headlines. 

More emphasis is being placed 
on consumer criticism and investi- 
gative journalism, although the ba- 
sics of the Communist system re- 
main inviolate. 

In addition, there are an in- 
creased number of imports of pop- 
ular, long-r unning serials from 
non- Co mmunis t countries, includ- 
ing Mexico, Spain and Britain. 

“The improvements would even- 
tually have been made anyway,” 
said a Communist Party offioai 
“Radio Marti just made us all the 
more aware that they were neces- 

But the Cuban media remain 
strictly undo - government control, 
and not even light entertainment 
programs stray from the Commu- 
nist Party line. 

A leading comedian was sus- 
pended briefly from work last year 
after jolting to children on his live 
program that if they did not behave 
themselves he would pul on Rus- 
sian cartoons. 

■ Havana Eases Resistance 

The Cuban government appears 
to be softening its tough stand 
against Radio Marti, United Press 
International reported from Mi- 

The day the station began broad- 
casting, the government suspended 
two agreements with the United 
Stales: a Dec. 14 accord that virtu- 
ally normalized immigration proce- 

dures and would have allowed up 
to 20,000 people a year to leave, 
and an agreement to return any 
hijackers that diverted airplanes 
from the United States to Cuba. 

Cuban officials also threatened 
to stop allowing charter fli ghts to 
Cuba and to start a “radio war” 
with the United States by broad- 
casting strong signals that would 
interfere with those of UJ>. com- 
mercial stations. 

But these threats have not been 
carried out, and the Cuban charges 
that Radio Marti is “ideological 
aggression, cynical and provoca- 
tive' 1 have faded as the days passed. 

The reason may be that Radio 
Martfs message has proved mild in 
comparison with other Spanish- 
lan guay commercial stations run 
by the Cuban exile community in 

Marti programmers have report- 
ed, for example, on protests In New 
York against the U.S. -backed Chil- 
ean regime of President Augusto 
Pinochet and on American eco- 
nomic problems. There have been 
none of the acid attacks on the 
Castro regime that are standard on 
the half-dozen Cuban-run stations 
in Miami. 

On May 21, both Radio Marti 
and Radio Havana began .their 
broadcasts with the same news 
item, an announcement that the 
Soviet Union had promised to sup- 
ply oil to Nicaragua. 

The two stations have duplicated 
many news items. A notable excep- 
tion was the lack of any reporting 
on Cuban economic or social prob- 
lems on Radio Havana, which also 
reported ou more events in the So- 
viet bloc. 

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Page 8 

TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1985 


Pubibtbfd WI* The Nrw York Time* and The Wanhin^ton PM 











The Lebanese Graveyard 

a presence in three Palestinian refugee camps 
■—Sabra, Chatila and Borge Barajm —in the 
city’s heavily Shiite suburbs. Amid, the Shiite 
militia, fearing that the re-creation of a Pales- 
tinian "state within a state" would draw Israeli 
remvolvement, went in after the PLO. 

The Syrians would like to trim all of Leba- 
non’s militias down to size and assert thar own 
he gemo ny, but in this instance, being dose to 
AttmI and also to some of the PLO units, they 

seem mostly to be letting the Gre bum oul Not 

content to fight house to house, both sides 
have been firing eurtiheiy. The Shiites, who 
were outraged when Christian militiamen 
slaughtere d Palestinians in Sabra and Chatila 
in 1982, are reported to have sent squads into 
hospitals to kin Palestinian patients. 

Lebanon is a graveyard: for its citizens and 
their hopes of comity and for the plans of 
others to weave the political design of their 
choice. Whether the Syrians, the residual inter- 
ventionists in Lebanon, have the touch (they 
certainly have the toughness) to make their 
design stick is the key question. The most 
Ameri cans can do is to hope the Syrians end 
the killing , and meanwhile to mourn. 


Two impulses arise from numbed contem- 

K t of the latest stage of the Lebanese 
show. The first is ceaseless wonder at 
the capacity of the Lebanese not only to inflict 
but also to endure death and pain. Tens of 
thousands of civilian casualties have been suf- 
fered over a period of 10 years of civil war, 
foreign intervention and terrorism, but the 
passion with which the struggle is pursued 
seems not to have abated. Anger at forrign 
intrusions outlasts foreign withdrawals and 
boils on, directed at fdlow Lebanese. 
Fantastic explosions of the sort that quickly 

again ft pH agpin in Beirut are treated as 
routine. The other day, a car bomb killed 
about 80 people, including a group of children 
who were passing by. Who did it and why are 
unknown. The Lebanese reel under the im- 
pact; some of them, of course, vow revenge. 
Americans fed compassion but, fatigued, see 
no easy way to translate it into action. 

Along with the wonder, there is among 
Americans a pervasive confusion about what is 
going on The latest battle in Beirut illustrates 
the difficulties. Palestine Liberation Organiza- 
tion forces evidently were trying to re-establish 

For Warriors, Not Wars 

Even before Memorial Day, Americans bad 
already done their share of remembering and 
misremembering; but the observances of vic- 
tory in Europe and failure in Vietnam are not 
the end or it. Still ahead lie the 40th anniversa- 
ries of the atomic bombing and surrender of 
Japan, and the 35th anniversary of the start of 
the Korean War. The memories of war are 
relentless, and for good reason: America has 
waged war in 42 of its 209 years, not counting 
endless battles against Indians and interven- 
tions in the Caribbean. 

One year of war for every four of peace. 
Thai is reason enough to relish a decade of 
peace. The respite is a good time to ponder 
wfaaL America's rituals of memory ought to 
mean: For older Americans, war was a com- 
pelling and unifying experience. For younger 
adults, war was mostly helL The country’s wars 
have not been equally just. Americans' sacri- 
fices in war have not been equally necessary. 

Yet for too long over the last decade too 
many Americans have confused the soldier 
and his mission. Some let resentment against 
the most recent war turn into neglect of Viet- 
nam veterans and disrespect for the military. 

Others have recently tried to claim the belated 
tributes to Vietnam's warriors as support for 
the war itself. Though Americans owe their 
liberty and safety to many veterans of many 
wars, they owe gratitude and honesty to alL 

Memorial Day should resonate with this 
obligation, ft began in 1866, as an undifferen- 
tiated tribute to the Civil War dead of North 
and South. Some say the annual decoration of 
war graves started in Waterloo, New York. 
Others say it started one week earlier in Co- 
lumbus, Mississippi The inspiration for both 
towns seems to have been the floral decoration 
of military graves in Germany, a custom the 
world recently observed again at Bitburg. 

America's involvement in Bitburg was a 
travesty because it let sentiment obliterate 
history and make reverence the enemy of 
truth. Yet every mHiiaiy cemetery does convey 
a universal message. Each is a monument to 
the organized ferocity of men, to their ina baity 
to curb their claims upon each other, to (heir 
failure to find peace except by means of war. 
Memorial Day ought to be for commemorat- 
ing warriors, not wars. 


A Republican Majority? 

Patty realignment, that will-o'-the-wisp of 
American politics, is again flickering in pun- 
dits’ eyes. Noted politicians are chang in g par- 
ties, and it is natural to look to see whether 
voters are too. Last fall there was talk of a 
-permanent Republican majority, and one 
.could find some basis for it in poll results: 
More voters said they were Rqmblicans and 
fewer said they were Democrats than at any 
time in the previous 40 years. But the elections 
produced the split result that is getting to be a 
- habit: a Republican president, a narrowly di- 
vided Senate, a Democratic House. Earlier this 
winter, when President Reagan's popularity 
ratings were hi gh, more people were saying 
they were Republicans. But this spring, in 
tandem with the drooping of the economy, Mr. 
Reagan’s ratings and Republican prospects 
nationally seem to have declined. 

Yet through all these vibrations in political 
popularity, there is evidence of a permanent 
change in one important segment of the elec- 
torate — white Southerners. From the Caroli- 
nas to Texas, identification with the Demo- 
crats dropped predpitoudy last year and has 
stayed at historically low levels tins year. Most, 
though not all, of the recent party switchers — 
from Kent Hance, who seeks the Texas gover- 
norship, to seven Louisiana legislators — are 

in the South, and the national Republican 
Party has targeted three Southern states (plus 
Pennsylvania) in its 5100,000 drive to encour- 
age voters to switch party registration. 

The Republicans hope for the breakthrough 
that has eluded them since the 1 950s. Southern 
states started voting Republican for president 
in those years, but they have declined to vote 
Republican in most congressional, state and 
local contests. The Republicans’ chances now 
seem as good as they have ever been. A key test 
will be in a special election to be held soon to 
replace a conservative east Texas Democrat 
who is becoming a federal judge. Republicans 
are malting a major effort there. 

Of course few Southern House Democrats 
are changing parties tins year, and only a few 
will vacate their seats in 1986; the Republicans 
are going to have to fight to make gains, and 
they will be handicapped, as they have been 
since the Eisenhower days, by a paucity of 
candidates with government experience and 
good political instincts. But they hope that 
once the Republican Party reaches a critical 
mass it will creak through in the South and 
nationally to majority status. Such a break- 
through seems possible to an extent that al- 
most no one expected even 12 months ago. 


Other Opinion 

Tuning Down the Radio Wars 

Cuban officials say Radio Marti is only a 
part of a larger plan to provoke a confronta- 
tion that Cuba can ill afford. Despite their 
fears, the Cubans say this is a matter of honor, 
and they win retaliate regardless of costs. 

U.S. officials argue that Cuban threats 
should not influence U.S. foreign policy. One 
administration official said Radio Marti repre- 
sents "an international game of chicken and 
the United States will not blink." 

But if Cuba and the United Stales reached 
this flash point through radio, then a recipro- 
cal, step-by-step de-escalation is also possible. 
Tuning down the radio wars, in turn, could 
contribute to a de-escalation of the real wars in 

the Caribbean basin. The first signal could be a 
timely turn-off for Radio Marti. 

— John Spicer Nichols, a specialist in interna- 
tional communication at Permsyhanta 
State University, in the Los Angeles Times. 

Alfonsin’s New Realism 

President Ratil Alfonsm [has placed] a new 
emphasis on Argentine responsibility for the 
errors of the past He is not an economist But 
he has shown an ability to learn, and to admit 
to learning. His increased realism will be put to 
the political test of congressional elections in 
November. Mr. Alfonsin faces a [grave] crisis, 
but he deserves to succeed. 

— The Times (London). 


1910: ATraininl ofTnmseHessMen 
GALESBURG, Illinois — "Poner, Porter! 
What have you done with my ... " “Porter, 
where are my trousers?" and so on in a deepen- 
ing chorus from passengers on a Burlington 
train, which drew into Galesburg this morning 
[May 14]. It developed that a thief, probably at 
Beardslown, hod entered the train and, not 
having time to investigate all the pockets, 
walked off with garments to explore them at 
his leisure. The extreme neglige of the bereft 
persons prevented their entrance into the din- 
ing-car. and there was much grumbling until a 
new supply, purchased at a nearby store, had 
been brought in by the poner. Few were prop- 
er fits, but they saved the ends of propriety. 

1935: Court Baling Stum FDR Aides 
WASHINGTON — The heart of the New 
Deal the National Industrial Recovery Act, 
was dealt a crushing blow by the United States 
Supreme Court, which unanimously ruled [on 
May 27] unconstitutional Section 3, which 
authorized the President to promulgate the 
National Recovery Administration codes 
through which the Administration kepi a firm 
hand over business and industry. The sweep- 
ing verdict against the NRA left Administra- 
tion leaders stunned and puzzled, since it ap- 
pears that little can be salvaged from the act 
The court hdd that Congress, in delegating to 
President Roosevelt power to promulgate 
codes, had exceeded its grant of authority. 


JOHN HA Y WHITNEY. Qmmm 1956-1982 




Deputy Publisher 
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ftr Ffafti ta U mb* C&W 

When Israel Does Business WiththePLO 

WASHINGTON — In their meeting here this 
W week. President Reagan and King Hnssein 
of Jordan will be grappling with the same dose 
questions raised by last week’s exc hang e of Israeli 
prisoners of war for imprisoned Palestinians: Un- 
der what circumstances, and for what purposes, jS 
it sot»nd practice to do business with “terrorists . 

Let it quickly be said that the Israelis officially 
reject the connection. Arranging by whatever 
means for the speediest possible return of captured 
Israeli soldiers is a thing apart. It is an article of 
faith, a government commitment Israeli fighting 
men carry into battle. Bringing the Palestine liber- 
ation Organization, however indirectly, into the 
Middle flast peace process, which is what Hussein 
and Mr. Reagan will be talking about, involves a 
very different Israeli article of faith. 

Indeed, the United States is committed to the 
Israeli position that the PLO cannot participate in 
prf* rci» tailra until it recognizes Israel’s right to exist 
and accepts United Nations resolutions defining 
the ground rales for any peace effort. 

Yet the connection, and the contradiction, are 
self-evident The agenda in the Reagan- Hussein 
latVc turns precisely on the question of who will 
represent the Palestinians' interests in any new 
negotiations aimed at resolving the future of the 
Israeli -occupied West Bank ana Gaza. 

Who else might sit in (Egypt, for example, if the 
Camp David formula and the terms of the Reagan 
initiative in 1982 are to be observed) is far from 
dear. Bui the degree of association of the PLO, still 
officially designated by the Arabs as the “sole 
legitimate representative" of the Palestinians, 
is the nub of the matter. And there lies the connec- 
tion with last week's prisoner exchange. Both King 
Hussein and the Pales tinians can argue that Isra- 

By Philip Geyelin 

d’s strict terms tor doing business with “terrorists” 
on questions of peace and security have been 
PTOgresstvdy whittled away by its unconditional 
readiness to deal, however dreuitousty, with the 
PLO and kindred organizations in order to recover 
Israeli prisoners of war. 

The Israeli government denies it, insisting that 
last week’s deal sets no precedent. The govem- 

Not the least of the costa of die 
Ldxmon invasion teas the necessity 
ultimately Imposed open Israel to 
deal tciih the Palestinian guerr Was. 

meat’s increasingly clamorous critics answer back 
that it sets a temble precedent. Prominent figures 
long familiar with brad’s professed coontenenor- 
ism strategy — dramatized by the Entebbe hostage 
rescue — Haim that the exchange has undercut the 
argument that any appeasement is an invitation to 
terrorism. Actually, last week’s swap sets no prece- 
dent, because the precedent had already been set. 

Not the least of the costs of the Lebanon inva- 
sion was the necessity ultimately imposed upon 
Israel to do business with the PLO. 

Even before the invasion. Israel had negotiated a 
cease-fire across its northern border — through 
intermediaries, bm of necessity with the PLO. A 
captured air force {pilot and an Israeli civilian were 
returned to Israel as pan of an agreement (ar- 
ranged indirectly with the PLO) for evacuation 

of the Palestinian guerrilla forces from Beirut. 

In November 1983, six Israeli soldiers hdd by 
the PLO were exchanged for 4*500 “detainees" in 
an Israeli prison ramp in Ansar and 99 “lerronst 
convicts from Israeli jails. Half of the convicts 
were AeA ng life terms, and many were associated 
with especially notorious and murderous acts of 
terrorism. The main difference this time was that 
many convicted terrorists were released to return 
to their homes in Israeli-occupied territory, in 
1983, the hard cases were deported to Algeria. 

That the uproar in brad should be much louder 
now owes to the inherent vulnerability of 
Israel’s shaky coalition government That snaki- 
ness could make Prime Minister Shimon Feres all 
the less willing to compound the “terrorist" issue 
by giving ground on the “Palestinian representa- 
tion*’ issue in the peace process. And it could make 
the Reagan aHmmigtwirinn even less willing to 
posh. This would make it all the more difficult for 
King Hussein, who deserves more credit than he 

Jot danian -P alestiaian negotiating team. 

Alternatively, the willingness of Mr. Feres to 
through with the prisoner exchange is read ! 
some diplomats as a sign of strength, reinforcing 
hopes that yet another small but significant move 
forward will come of the meeting between the 
president and the king. “It's going to be an inter- 
esting week,” says one official who, like others, 
does not pretend to know how the prisoner swap 
will play out politically in Israel 
How it logically should play out is something 
else. If logic has any part in it, it is hard to escape 
the conclusion that Israeli resistance to doing busi- 
ness with the PLO has lost a good deal of its force. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 

The Pope, the Spy Master, the Unrelenting Judge 

R OME — On the weekend that 
Pope John Paul II devated 28 
men to the rank of cardinal Dario 
Martefla, an investigating magistrate, 
brought to trial the second of the men 
who appear to have conspired to ktfl 
the pope on orders of the KGB. 

The man who fired the shot in 1981 
that wounded the pope, Mehmet Ali 
Agca, was convicted and threatened 
with incarceration in a jail where he 
probably would have bom murdered 
by his former employers. He chose 
instead to sing ana to stay in a safe 
jail and his testimony is central in the 
current trial of Sergei Antonov, man- 
ager of the Bulgarian airiinein Rome, 
wbo-Mr. Agca says drove him to the 
rile of the assassination attempt 
If a conviction persuades Mr. An- 
tonov to cooperate as well or if more 
information that implicates Bulgari- 
an or Soviet higher-ups is devdoped 
at this trial most people will rightly 
interpret the results as the first judi- 
cial condemnation of an intelligence 
agency for plotting the murder of 
a world leads. 

In effect, the KGB is on trial 
What makes this case even more 
disturbing is that the Bulgarian secret 
service — a servile appendage of the 
KGB — undertook this murder at- 
tempt at a time that Yuri Andropov, 
later the leader of the Soviet Union 
and mentor of its present leader, was 
the KGB boss. At the time, tyranny 
in Poland was threatened by Solidari- 
ty; the Polish pope was the union’s 
inspiration; therefore it was in Rus- 
sian interest to eliminate this pope. 

By William S afire 

At first, this incredible case was 
ignored by most of the press, depre- 
cated or i background by the CIA in 
Rome, and ridiculed by many in the 
West who did not want detente 
threatened. Suspicion of Soviet in- 
volvement could be lived with, but 
proof of “the Bulgarian connection" 
m the crime would make it difficult 
for anyone to do business at summit 

meetings with a Soviet leader who 
had the pope’s blood on his hands. 

That did not stop the investigating 
magistrate in Rome from following 
where the facts led. 

Like an Italian Sirica (a redundan- 
cy, but apt). Judge Martefla has plod- 
ded ahead, oblivious to political fall- 
out, determined to show that no man, 
no group or no power can shoot a 

dosing the Trade Gap: A 20% Solution 

YY atrocious idea is gaining 
strength here. Support is gathering 
for a 20-percent surcharge on an 
imports — although the real target 
is Japan. The appeal of the proposal 
is simple. America's international 
trade deficit in 1984 was $107.9 
billion. Japan mult as it hard for 
foreigners to gain a toehold, much 
less a leading position, in its domes- 
tic markets; last year, the U.S. defi- 
cit with Japan alone was $34 bil- 
lion. In addition, the federal budget 
is awash in a seemingly limitless 
ocean of red ink. 

A surcharge would seem to help 
with all three problems. A 20-per- 
cent surcharge could reduce the 
trade deficit by more than half and 
reduce imports from Japan by 
about $11.5 billion. Also, it would 
raise federal revenues $65 billion 
per year —if imports did not falL 

So what is wrong with an idea 
that would produce such beneficial 
effects? The answer is: It would not 
produce these effects, but it would 
produce others, virtually all bad. 

A surcharge would do much less 
for the US. trade position than 
supporters claim, even if other 
countries did sot retaliate. Though 
the added revenues would be useful 
because they would reduce federal 
borrowing and, through a chain of 
effects, tend to Iowa 1 the trade defi- 
cit, the direct effect of a surcharge 
— a dn» in the demand for import- 
ed goods — would cut the number 
rtf dollars spent on imports and 
thereby available to foreigners. As 
always, a reduction in supply would 
increase price, mid a rise in the 
value of the dollar would hurt UJS. 
exports and offset some of the sur- 
charge’s effects on imports. The 
balance of trade might well im- 
prove, but probably not by much. 

The price of this small and uncer- 


By Henry Aaron 

y nenrj 


tain gain would be the risk of inter- 
national economic catastrophe. 
Any impr ovement in America's 
trade position could be eliminated 
if other countries retaliated. No 
country would passively accept a 
20-percent surcharge, because of 
the rules laid down by the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. 

GATT arose after World War U 
because all major nations recog- 
nized that the duration and severity 
of the Great Depression had been 
greatly increased: by the myopic ef- 


gain, but only at the 

economic catastrophe. 

forts of many nations — inducting 
the United States — to restrict im- 
ports and thereby report unem- 
ployment. The cumulative effect 
was a worldwide collapse of trade 
and inoeased unemployment. 

GaTT flatty prohibits broad im- 
port taxes unless a country finds 
that it has a balance-of -payments 
deficit The problem lo r supp orters 

that is currently 

niruung a balance-of-payme&ts sur- 
plus, because capital inflows more 
than offset the awesome trade defi- 
cit If the United States were to 
impose an import surcharge, it 
would grossly violate GATT rules; 

No American should doubt that 

other nations, and not just Japan, 
would object violently if the United 
States flouted GATT. Domestic 
forces in these countries would 
drive them to figfat back — farmers 
who fear cheap American grain and 
meat, financial institutions that 
fear competition from American 
banks, high-technology companies 
that know that the united States 
leads the woridra many fields. Such 
retaliation would not only injure 
the United States but also threaten 
the entire fabric of world trade. The 
problems of trade and budget defi- 
cits, serious though they are, do not 
justify such a risk. 

The proposed import surcharge 
is not even well-suited to solving 
these problems. The U.S. deficit 
problem is long-term and grows 
worse with time; a temporary sur- 
charge, a cosmetic Bancf-Aid, 
would do nothing to cure funda- 
mental fiscal illness. 

Furthermore, the problem of the 
trade deficit lies not in Japanese 
xenophobia but in Americans 
themselves. The federal deficit ab- 
sorbs most domestically generated 
net private saving, forcing America 
to go abroad for credit. The trade 
deficit represents, in large part, just 
the delivery of those goods bought 
abroad cm foreign credit. 

Congressional leaders who want 
to help American industry compete 
both at home and abroad should 
face the real problem: They should 
cut federal spending or raise taxes 
enough to eliminate the need to 
borrow abroad. In tbarhvstrsdan, 
they should not mud: around with 
solutions that will not work and 
that may cause economic disaster. 

The writers are senior fellows for 
economic studies at the Brookings 
Institution. They contributed this 
comment ta The New York Times. 

human being in Sl Peter’s Square 
with impunity. 

Now attention is bong paid. Five 
hundred journalists are here, trying 
to jam into “the bunker" —the court- 
room bull to resist terrorists. The 
CIA here, probably ox orde r s from 
Director William Casey, has wisely 
shut up; no longer arc American 
spooks passing the word that the 
murder plot was too unprofessional 
to be RGB-planned. (From the very 
start, it should be noted, the former 
CIA chief Richard Helms described 
the use of the Bulgarian agents to hire 
a terrorist in jail for this kmd of job as 
“a classic KGB operation.") 

Nor can the Russians continue to 
remain aloof. Izvcstia has been run- 
ning a series, “Anatomy of a Provo- 
cation." Moscow has established a 
front group to discredit the findings 
of theltafian court: “On the initiative 
of the Soviet public," the editor of tte 
literary journal Navy Mir, Vladimir 
Karpov, has formed a committer) to 
defend Mr. Antonov. 

Why has tins story, so long un- 
touched in the Soviet Union and so 
gingerly handled at fim in the West, 
gained front-page legitimacy? Why 
are Western and Third World press 
hordes descending on the prosecu- 
tor's “bunker ana why is me stan- 
dard Soviet propaganda machine be- 
ing wheeled into line to blur and 
distort the emerg in g truth? 

Because the stay is no longer a 
horror. Yuri Andropov, suspected of 
ordering the death of the pope^ is 
dead, we are now dealing with the 
past: only attempted murder, merely 
state-directed terrorism. Those are fit 
subjects for a public charge of con- 
spiracy and the countercharge of 
provocation; they do not fiddle with 
the fuses of the future. 

We are no longer facing what was 
to so many the unfaceablc: what 
would have been the need to conduct 
a civilized diplomatic intercourse on 
matters such as arms reduction with a 
man we were in the process of brand- 
ing a state terrorist The KGB’s An- 
dropov is genre* replaced by a man 
who could strike the pose of innocent 
and say “not on nw watch.” Today it 
is safe to probe the conspiracy and 
popular to dimb all over the story. 
No harm can come from the truth. 

The Russians wOl rJaiwi that so 
long as no swckmg gun is produced 
to link their former leader directly to 
the shooting, to suggest his complic- 
ity is a provocative sunder. 

The rest of the world will look to 
see if a dear link to the Bulgarians is 
established. If so, it win be as if the 
KGB itself is convicted, and spy mas- 
ter Yuri Andropov will go down in 
history as the man who tried to per- 
petrate the crime of the century. 

The New York Times. 

High- Policy * 

For Reagan 

By Flora Lewfe 

n igis — President Reagw *■* 

P semis critical f' 




dermmethe easting arms contrrt re- 


points that are noticed only what 
Spats look back to see what went 
wrong after it is too kte. 

The questions are whether to ex* 
tend the expired 1972 SALIM treaty 
on offensive weapons, whether to 
continue observing the twauTgi 
SALT-2 treaty, which expires at me 
end of this vear. and whether to*s- 
mantle a Polaris submarine in order 
not to violate SALT-2 limits when the 
new Trident submarine Alaska starts 
sea trials in late September. 

The recommendations ottere d Mr . 
p eaaan are couched in narrow terms, 
most of them based on the argument 
that the United States should refuse 
to sustain treaty provisions dui a 
accuses the Russians of breaking. £ 
That would be a momentous deci- 
sion. quite possibly the beginning of 
the end of all restraints on the arms 
race. It would undoubtedly reverse 
recent trends toward looking fur 
ways of improving Sovtei-Ajnencan 
relations. It would distress allies who 
have been supportive of the United 
States in Geneva but who would cer- 
tainly move skittishly aside if they 
perceived that Washington was to 
blame for undercut ring the talks. 

The Soviet leader. Mikhail Gorba- 
chev, has sons: crucial decisions com- 
ing. too. He clearly wants to revitalize 
his country’s economy. The implica- 
tions for foreign policy could be fa- 
vorable. Easing world tensions could 
give him more leeway for introducing 
reforms. But be might also crane to 
the conclusion that a gre e m ent with 
the United States is not passible and 
that he should exploit heightened 
fears to impose the discipline and 
greater efficiency he wants in the 
name of patriotic sacrifice. 

It is in everybody's interest, includ- 
ing the United State's, (hat Mr. Gor- 
bachev make the fust choice, with 
prospects for better East-West rela- 
tions. Both he and Mr. Reagan have 
said they want a summit meeting. 
Former secretary of State Henry Kis- 

. 1. — _ - * mrkfift 


advice for using the opportunity to 
launch a permanent dialogue un a 
“concrete and definite program" to 
reduce the risk of war. 

There has not been enough work 
on major issues for a summit meeting 
this year that might produce impor- 
tant new treaties. But such a meeting 
could be much more than a mere 
exchange of views, only if the presi- 
dent determines now to support and 
extend aims control not to erode it. 
Otherwise, if there is a meeting at all 
It risks deteriorating into the kind of 
dangerous sbouting match President 
John F. Kennedy had with Nikita 
Khrushchev between the Bay of Pigs 
and the Cuban missile crisis. 

The lay accords available, in the 
short time ahead for preparation, 
would be to extend application of the 
SALT-2 treaty with possible modifi- 
cations far another five years, to reaf- 
firm the Anri-Ballistic Missile Treaty 
while calling on negotiators to exam- 
ine the controversial points of defini- 
tion that are emerging, and to plan 
smarate, continuing political talks on 
whateadh side means in saying that it 
series strategic stability. ™ 

The United States has serious 
questions of Soviet noncompliance to 
raise about these treaties. The admin- 
istration has solid congressional and 
allied support on demanding redress 
of the forbidden Krasnoyarsk radar 
and coding of signals from Soviet 
mi rails tests. 

But that consensus would evapo- 
rate if the president took one of the 
options now that would amount to 
blowing up the treaties. What he has 
to consider is not whether tit for tat 
might be justifiable, but the likely 
consequences and chances for achiev- 

come^^^cm 3 ^ 
Eisenhower- Bulganin meeting in 
1955. Secretary of State John Foster# 
Dulles advised the president; 

“You should maimnin an austere 
countenance when being photo- 
graphed with Bulganin. Any pictures 
taken of the two leaders smiling 
would be distributed throughout the 
Soviet satellite countries, signifying 
that all hope of liberation was lost 
and the resistance to Comm unis t ruler 
was henceforth hopeless.” 

Eisenhower sensibly did not pay 
attention. The “spirit of Geneva" led 
to solving some East-West problems. 

Mr. Reagan should also keep his eye 
on the future. Congress and the coun- 
try should encourage him to take the 
long view at this vital crossroads. 

The New York Times. 


Troubles in Uganda 

The situation in Uganda continues 
to worsen. The most alarming trou- 
bles are in Lnwero and West Nile 
districts and in Kampala, the ca pi tal 
Many innocent people have lost 
their lives and property under the 
preteat that they are supporters or 

people are persecuted only 
because of tbdr political beliefs. 
Many have not participated in guer- 
rilla activities but are members or 
supporters of the Democratic Party 
—a popular party in opposition. 

I recently visited Luwero and West 
Nile districts. People talked of ha- 
rassment and torture by government 

soldiers. They said soldiers told them 
they deserved this because they were 

supporters of (Ik Democ 
. The government denies 
tions but prohibits the pr 
agencies from studying tl 
m rite troubled areasTT at 
international community 1 
what once was the pearl t 


Europe: The Enei 

Yes, Europe has had b 
as Cynthia CoJ< 
{** 16). But it had : 

french even longer. The 

meanwhile, win not go awi 
defend its independence a 






TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1985 

Page 9 

EC Entry 
Will Help 

By Steven J. Dtyden 

BRUSSELS — Portugal might 
already be a member of the Euro- 
pean Community if the negotia- 
tions on its terns of entry had not 
been tied to those between the EC 
and Spain. 

The agreement in March be- 
tween Portugal and the EC came a 
full eight years after Lisbon applied 
for membership. If member states 
ratify the treaties of accession ty 
the end of this year, Portugal and 
Spain will officially enter the com- 
munity on Jan. I. 

Community officials believe, 
however, that they could have com- 
pleted the relatively cnconrolicated 
negotiations with Portugal by the 
simmer or au tumn of 1983 if a 
political decision had not been 
made to finish the more difficult 
negotiations with Spain at the same 

EC states, doting the drawn-out 
negotiations with Madrid, sought 
to put off direct competition with 
Spain's fishing fleet and vigorous 
agricultural sector for as tang as 

Protection was also sought from 
the few competitive Portuguese ag- 
ricultural ami fishing products. The 
comparatively low prices for Portu- 
guese sardines, for example, will be 
brought up to EC prices over a 
10-year period. Limitations were 
agreed to on tomato products. 

But in the final days, the negotia- 
tions with Lisbon were more often 
concerned with what the EC could 
do to help develop Portugal’s back- 
ward fanning sector, improve its 
industrial base and ease the cost of 
community membership. 

As the poorest country in the EC 
— its gross domestic product per 
le, is about $2^00 
receive ‘an enor- 
mous amount of financial aid and 
substantial reimboursenenis dur- 
ing! ts first years in the 

1986 to 1991, the EC 
loan Portugal $710 million as bal- 
ance-of-payments aid. Portugal 

tion of value-added taxes and 
other payments it must nuke to the 
community treasury in its first sev- 
en years as an EC member. Com- 
munity officials estimate that the 
ramboujsemem will total between 
$710 million and $1.06 billion. 

To combat the inefficiencies in 
Portuguese agriculture, the com- 
munity has agreed to a 10-year, 
S 500 - million aid program, de- 
signed to improve processing, 
and statistics 

Detail of a monument to Prince Henry the Navigator in Lisbon. 

Europe: Returning to the Fold 

capita, roreaumm 
— Portugal will 

collection. A 
sire h«fi also 
In a dd itio n , 

of the same 
pledged far in- 

will be ex- 

empt from paying community lev- 
ies on its large grain imports until 

Community officials cautioned, 
however, that despite 
ous aid programs, Portugal will not 
benefit unless the government thor- 

By Kenneth Maxwell 

NEW YORK. — It is an indication of how 
narrow Europe’s self-perception has become, 
and how historically shallow, that it should 
be necessary to justify Portugal's European- 
ness at all. 

As a nation-state, Portugal predates its 
neighbor, Spain, by 250 years, and Germany 
and Italy by 600. For almost 200 years, Eu- 
rope its of wash ttle more than Portugal in the 
eyes of much of the rest of the world. Portu- 
gal's heritage of half a mfllenium as a coloniz- 
er, particularly in Brazil and Africa, has made 
the Portuguese language the fifth most spo- 
ken language on Earth. More than 65 percent 
of Portugal's foreign trade takes place within 
Europe. - 

•' Prune Minister Mfirio Soares, leader of the' 
SodaBsr fiuty, has staked his political future 
on the European connection. 

Nevertheless. Portugal is different, and it is 
important that Portugal’s new partners un- 
derstand the dimension of this difference if 
exaggerated expectations are not to create 
more problems than already exist as Portugal 
prepares to acceed to the European Commu- 
nity on Jan. 1. 

The 'writer, Antdnio de Rgueiredo, attri- 
butes the apparent disjunction between de- 
velopments m Portugal and the rest of the 
comment to the fact that Portugal missed the 
great European revolutions of modem times, 
from the Reformation through the Enlighten- 
ment to the Industrial Revolution. But this is 
only partly true. Portugal was at times strik- 

Kenneth Maxwell, program director at the 
Tinker Foundation in New York, has written 
extensively on Iberian affairs. He was a Gul- 
benktim scholar in Lisbon 

ingly precocious in development, as in the age 
of the 15th-century discoveries. 

In the 18th century, the draconian Mar- 
qufis de Pombal tried to force march his 
coimtiymm into the future. In the process, be 
rebuilt the center of Lisbon in the aftermath 
of the 1755 earthquake along the hues of the 
most advanced town p lanning of the epoch. 
But in changing mentalities he was less suc- 

During the 20th century, another dictator. 

Coming to terms with 
Europe means also coining 
to terms with Spain, the 
traditional enemy which led 
the Portuguese to look 
overseas for friends and 
resources in the first place. 

Salazar, took the opposite tack — deliberate- 
ly holding progress at bay in order to cany 
out his self-appointed mission of protecting 
(be Portuguese from themselves and moder- 
nity. Even the revolution 1] years ago, with 
its euphoric springtime of hopes and red 
carnations, seems retrospectively doser to the 
popular movements of the 1840s than those 
of the 1980s. 

It is difficult also to distingnish Portuguese 
rhetoric from Portuguese reality. 

In the last few weeks, for example, a lead- 
ing rightist intellectual and politician has 

praised the Moscow-oriented Portuguese 
Communist Party, which has consistently op- 
posed EC accession, as being the only politi- 
cal party, in the country “concerned about 
national identity and independence." 

The Social Democrats, preparing for the 
presidential elections to be held in November 
of this year, voted to invite a general to be 
their candidate (he declined^ despite the fact 
that the Social Democrats had led the effort 
in 1982 to “d emili tarize" and “Europeanize” 
the presidency by stripping another general. 
President Antdmo Ramalho Eanes, of some 
of his powers. 

To many Portuguese, the system seems 
blocked, institutionally, socially and econom- 
ically. Whfle.lhepe are proposals for reform, 
few are cobjukau that the political: will exists 
to tarry, them out 

Ironically, Portugal's European engage- 
mem represents a large psychological compo- 
nent of the crisis. Accession mil mark the 
termination of a multisecular pattern in Por- 
tugal’s international posture, a posture which 
has since 1415 been oceanic, directed over- 
seas, turning away from Europe, and above 
all away from Spain. 

Portugal is a small country with a large 
sense of vocation. To the elite, the New Eu- 
rope seems constricted. To the population at 
large, especially those Portuguese who see 
their best hope in immigration, just as the 
formal doors of the continent open, the doors 
to potential workers remain dosed. They par- 
adoxically now look more than ever across 
the Atlantic. 

Coming to terms with Europe meant; also 
coming to terms with Spain, the traditional 
enemy which led the Portuguese to look over- 

(Continued on Next Page) 

EC and Presidential Vote 
Dominate Political Life 

By Ken Potduger 

LISBON — The weather fore-, 
cast for the Portuguese simmer this 
year is long and hot for vacationers, 
and cloudy and stormy for the poli- 
ticians, who are going through the 
usual preliminaries of a holiday- 
season political crisis. 

Helping to stoke the incipient 
instability is a dash over who 
should support whom in a vital 
presidential dection race at the end 
of (he year. The ensuing complica- 
tions are dominating the political 
scene. Another equally important 
topic, the fundamental chang e* 
that entry to the European Com- 
munity wiD bring, is also in the 

Political optimists believe that 
after a long, tedious &Dd sometimes 

faltering climb, Portugal is finally 
poised for its most notable advance 
in decades. Now at last, Portugal 
hopes to be a market mover. 

Today, after the nation has tight- 
ened its belts for the second 
straight year and suffered the ef- 
fects of austerity with relative calm, 
there is an air of quiet confidence in 
the corridors of power. Economists 
say that with a trimmer debt line. 
Portugal is now attractive enough 
to encourage those who would help 
transform this impoverished Iberi- 
an flank. 

Prime Minster Mfirio Soares, 
leader of the ruling Socialist-Social 
Democratic coalition, sees the EC 
as the agent for the changes ahead 
that wiD make Portugal “unrecog- 
nizable within 10 years." 

Without doubt, the completion 
In March of 100 months of tough 
and often delayed negotiations be- 
tween the Community and Portu- 
gal was the political event of the 
year. The assurance that Lisbon 
wiD become the ECs 1 1th member 
on Jan. 1 , 1 986. is a triumph for Mr. 
Soares, who in 1977 first sought an 
entry ticket to this highly prized 
European dub. He now is set to 
reap the political benefits. 

But the relish with which this 
achievement is being savored tends 
to overlook some of the immediate 
difficulties facing the almost three- 
y ear-old coalition, the longest-run- 
ning government since the return of 
democracy II years ago. Tensions 
between the partners over whom to 
support in the presidential dection 
are growing. 

The problems were thrown into 
sharp focus last month, when a 
leading rightist politician, Diogo 
Freitas do Amaral, declared him- 
self in the race. His move caused 
consternation in the ruling coali- 
tion and seemed calculated to keep 
the political pot stewing through- 
out the summer. For he represents 
the first serious challenger to the 
only other likely contender of any 
weight, Mr. Scares, leader of the 
Socialist Party. 

While Mr. Soares is reserving for 

Recovery Measures Bringing the Wrong Kind of Bounce 

e administration will be forced 
to modernize, or they won’t get 
anything." one official said. He 
added that one of the main reasons 
younger, more reform-minded 
members of the government had 
pushed for EC membership was 
because “they knew they would 
never get these reforms without iL" 
Portugal has been one of the 
community’s smaller trading part- 
ners. Hie total value of exports and 
imports with the Ten in the first 
nine months of 1984 was $4 bDHon, 
compared with $14 billion daring 
the same period with Spain. In or- 
der to protect Portuguese industry 
from sudden competition with 
more sophisticated community 

gradually abolished. 

All quantitative restrictions in 
(Gmtimied on Next Page) 

LISBON — Bouncing checks 
now almost rivals soccer as Portu- 
gal's most popular pastime, accord- 
ing to statistics released by the po- 

Last year, businesses and indi- 
viduals passed uncovered checks to 
the vahie of $7 5 mfllinn, making 
this one of the commonest crimes 
currently on record. Police say the 
phffn ^»^n on is directly related to 
the prolonged economic crisis. 

“It’s a vicious ende,” a business- 
man said. “Everyone is trying to 
stave off their creditors. You draw 
a check to meet a bill but your 
account will only cover it if the 
incoming eludes you have just de- 
posited are good. Only one person 
on this meny-go-round has to de- 
fault and everyone's checks 

The overstretched rubber check 
has thoroughly discredited the sys- 
tem, worrying bankers and law-en- 
forcement officials alike. They are 

hoping that tougher sanctions and 
an economic recovery, now getting 
under way, will correct the situa- 

Meanwhile, the government, too, 
is betting on economic improve- 
ment, but for different reasons. 
Mfirio Soares’s Socialist-led coali- 
tion faces two or possibly three 
elections this year ana needs to win 
back public approval if it is to keep 
its votes. 

Since mid- 198 3, Portugal has 
been gripped by recession brought 
on by measures imposed »mder the 
watchful eye of the International 
Monetary Fund and designed to 
restore equilibrium to the pitiful 
economic chaos left by the present 
government’s predecessors. 

_ While the process has been both 
painful and politically costly, it has 
produced stunning results. 

The current-account deficit in 
1984 shrank to $472 million, way 
down from the 532-billion record 

deficit established in 1982, and 
around a third of the 1984 $12 

of its standby agreement with 



turnaround was due mainly 
to a damp e nin g of domestic de- 
mand coupled to a spirited export 
promotion drive, wind: won new 
markets for Portuguese footwear, 
op by a remarkable 87.6 percent, 
machinery, up by 76 pe rcent, and 
metal products, up by 70 percent. 
The overall performance measured 
in dollars impro ved by 14 percent 
while the leva of Portuguese goods 
going to the United States in- 
creased by more than 70 percent, 
according to government sources. 

The growth in exports helped re- 
duce the trade gap by a billion 
dollars between 1983 and 1984; the 
government expects there will be a 
further imp rovement this year. Due 
to the drop in domestic demand 
and the squeeze caused by auster- 

ity, imports fell by 4 percent in 
dollar terms to reach S7J biDion in 
1984. Izzqxvts covered exports by 
about 71 percent in 1984 compared 
with only 46 percent in 1982, the 
year in which Portugal’s external- 
debt problem was at its zenith. 

The picture was also rosier in 
regard to receipts from tourism and 
emigrants’ remittances, which re- 
covered from 1983 declines. 

Tourism in 1984 broke all re- 
cords, bringing in 5900 million and 
10. milli on viators, the bulk from 

United States in fourlhpiace. Re- 
mittances from the 3 nrilhon Portu- 
guese working abroad also 
strengthened in 1984, providing 
nearly a third of total foreign ex- 
change earnings on the current ac- 

Modi of the improvemmt out- 
side of these two areas has been at 
(Ik expense of domestic consump- 
tion and a 20-percem drop in pro- 

ductive investment, with manufac- 
turers and public enterprises 
running down stocks, delaying or 
canceling expansion plans or with- 
holding wanes from their work 
force. This blight on the economic 
scene, widely condemned by 
church, social workers and unions 
alike, has left around 150,000 
workers without pay for months on 
md, according to trade union offi- 

Saddled that the national ac- 
counts are now finally returning to 
ibrium, the government has 
" a cautious stoking of the 
economy for 1985, projecting a 3- 
percent growth in the gross domes- 
tic product, as against minus 1.5 
percent for 1984. 

To prevent a repetition of the 
1982 debt explosion, tight supern- 
al. There 

aon of imports will remain, 
are also signs that, helped by a 
devaluing escudo, export penor- 
(Contmned on Next Page) 

As the Recession Deepens, Right to Work Without Wages Becomes Reality 

By Peter Wise 

VALONGO —Two yearn after the mills of the Ofa - 
irtifidal-fiber plant fell silent, the time clock still rings 
rot defiantly amid the lifeless machinery and rusting 
looms as a ragged line of. workers punches in as usual 
for the morning shift 

There is no work and little future in the derehet 
northern factory where most of the men hare labored 
ill their lives malting synthetic fabrics. At the end of 
[his month, like the previous 27, the wage packets they 
lake tome will be empty But they come to work 
undaunted, din g in g to tne remnant of a job rather . 
than give up hope. These factory hands are among 
some 100,000 Portuguese workers whose wages come 
months late or not ataQ. Over the past two years they 
have emerged as some of the worst-hit victims of the 
political and economic convulsions that have shaken 
Portugal since the overthrow of fascism in' 1974 arid 
[he loss of an African empire. 

“It’s a phenomenon that leaves foreign labor move- 
ments too amay<-d to offer any useful advice,"' said 
Vitor Hugo Sequeiraj national secretary of the UmSo 
Goral deTralxuhadoresCUGTLoneof FonuraTstwo 
main unkm federations. “When we teD them there are 
tens of thousands of people working for .employers, 
who cannot or will not pay, they are simply floored." 

Valongo, a once-thriving town just east of Oporto, 
has been a stricken community since the 1 .800 workers 
employed at (he Cifa factory stopped getting paid. 
Twenty-two local firms dependent on toe rayon-pro- 
ducing plant are working at a small fraction of that 

Some families are living on state sickness benefits of 
572 a month. Local doctors have certified several 
hundred healthy Cifa workers sick so they can claim 
welfare, a practice now common throughout Portugal. 
Other employees turn up regularly at the factory three 
days a week for a five-hour shift. 

"There's no work to do but they are determined to 
hold down their jobs," said Josfe Morexra, who has 
stayed on as a night watchman for less than half his 
regular $1 70 a month. He estimates that CSfa owes him 

At an open forum organized by the pro-Communist 
CGTP-Intersmdical labor federation, soda! workers 
and Roman Catholic priests from Oporto testified to 
the social consequences of the nonpayment of wages. 
Thw said growing numbers of people in urban indus- 
trial belts were living on the edge of hunger. 

About 700 companies, ranging from chemical com- 
plexes to small holds, temporarily have erased the 
salaries column from their ledgers in an effort to 

balance accounts. The government says they owe 
4QJW0 workers S24 million in wages and a further 545 
million in payments to socia l security and unenploy- 
ment funds, tot the CGTP-Intersindical dainwi em- 
ployers are in debt by several times that amount to 
more than 150^000 workers. 

Mr. Sequeira of the UGT said the prospect of 
j oi ni ng ha l f a million unemployed had driven workers 
in threatened companies into making sacrifices: 
“However bad the conditions, however late the pay, 
people desperatdy want to keep thrir jobs." 

According to law, if a worker does not show up for 
his job just because he is not being paid; he can be 
fired. But, in any case; companies ml riot certify that 
a worker has hum Bred Twaiiy fticmkaV ary gener al- 
ly nkgaLAnd if he quits on his own, he cannot apply 
for unemployment benefits. 

Resolving the economic problems that have led to 
this situation are among the challenges facing Western 
Europe’s poorest country, according to Mr. Sequeira. 
“It will be a long mid difficult course that depends 
ultimately, cm securing sustained, growth,” he 
“We have to accept that relying on the government to 
bail out stricken companies would onty worsen the 
diseased areas erf our economy." 

Economists agree on jthe need to allow market 

farces to speed the collapse of companies surviving 
artificially on unpaid labor and government grants. 
"We cannot build the future by kerning factories alive 
after their natural death," said Vitor Ramalho, the 
secretary of state for labor. But a more urgent concern 
is dealing with what he called the “broial social 
impact" of nonpayment of wages and the hardships 
they are inflicting on thousands of families. 

A key economic factor, according to Mr. Ramalho, 
has bean the failure of heavy industry, much of it 
geared to past colonial wars, to convert to new reali- 
ties. Also, the constant turnover of governments since 
1974 has subverted effective state nscaHzation of the 
economy. In this dimate, an 18-month austerity drive 
aimed at averting a foreign debt crisis has dealt the 
fatal blow to many ailing companies. Mr. Ramalho 
said several firms, including the Cifa plant, were 
legally alive bu i economically dead. “Study afterstudy 
by the banks that are its main creditors has shown that 
Cifa is not a going concern asit is now constituted," he 
said. But those same state-owned banks have not 
sought the liquidation of Cifa or other companies in 
similar suits. Economic analysts say this is because 
many banks would be in a precarious position if they 
were forced to recognize the uncertainty of the vast 
amounts of credit extended since they were national- 
ized in 1975. 

Time for pause in the Parliament lobby. 

later this year a formal announce- 
ment of his intention to run for the 
presidency, it is widely accepted 
that he seeks the post as the culmi- 
nation of his political career. 

Mr. Freitas do Amaral, formerly 
deputy prime minister in the de- 
funct Democratic Alliance govern- 
ment, which under several leaders 
ruled Portugal between October 
1979 and March 1983, pledges to 
revive the reforms and plans for 
modernization that were a corner- 
stone of the alliance of Christian 
Democrats and Social Democrats. 

Mr. Freitas do Amaral, former 
leader and founding member of the 
Christian Democrats, expects to at- 
tract support not only from his par- 
ty but also from those Social Dem- 
ocrats implacably opposed to Mr. 
Soares. His decision to run could 
speed up the disintegration of the 
current coalition, which is badly 
divided cm the issue of the presi- 
dential elections. 

While the Socialists are already 
firmly closing ranks b ehind tluar 
leader, the Social Democrats are 
badly split by querulous factions 
who, having badly handled the 
presidential issue, are unable to 
stand the loss of face that support- 
ing Mr. Soares would bring, even 
Anibal Cava$o e SQva, their newly 
elected leads:, a doctrinaire, admits 

that he faces an uphill task in disci- 
plining a party that has been foun- 
dering ever since its charismatic 
founder, Francisco Sa Cameiro, 
was killed in a plane crash in De- 
cember 1980. 

The unresolved differences over 
whether to back Mr. Soares, Mr. 
Freitas do Amaral or an as yet 
unspecified party man for the pres- 
idential ticket is likely to cause a 
Social Democratic walkout from 
the government some time in the 
summer, precipitating an early gen- 
eral election. 

Political analysts are suggesting 
that a new political alignment may 
be in the offing if Mr. Freitas do 
Amaral bears out the pollsters' tips 
and wins the race. Born he and Mr. 
Cavaqo e Silva were cabinet minis- 
ters in the “Democratic Alliance" 
coalition of Christian Democrats 
and Social Democrats, which took 
office under Mr. Sa Cameiro late in 
1979. The two may, thus, be plan- 
ning a revival of this alliance, a 
game plan that, if successful would 
put the Socialists back into opposi- 
tion and bring a rightist govern- 
ment to power once more. 

As currently constituted, the De- 
cember presidential elections are 
likely to be a straight race between 
Mr. Soares and Mr. Freitas do 
(Continued on Page 11) 

^ *-3u 


Election slogans on a Lisbon street 



Page 10 

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Ready-Made Clothes Fit the New Textile Industry 

By Martha de la Cal 



■ LISBON —“Within a few years, 
. Portugal will be the biggest produc- 
' er of ready-made clothes in Europe, 

after Italy” says large de Lemos da 
general s« 







2 > 




Costa, general secretary of the na- 
; rjonal association of garment in- 

Ready-made clothes and knit- 
wear already represent SO percent 
of aU Portuguese textile exports, 
$69$ million of the total SI 224 
billion in 1984. This represented an 
increase of 51 18 million over 1983. 

The ready-made clothing indus- 
try has shown outstanding growth 
since 1977, when a group of cloth- 
ing manufacturers backed by the 
.government's export development 
fund set up Portex, an oipnization 
that sponsors trade fairs. The man- 
ufacturers wanted to show foreign 
buyers that the industry was “alive 
and well in Portugal" in spite of the 
turmoil and labor trouble that had 
marked the period immediately fol- 
lowing the 1974 revolution. 

The first trade fair, in Oporto in 
1977, was a success. In 1979, there 
were two fairs, one for kmtwear 
and ready-made clothes, and one 
for household goods. In 1980, a 
spring/ summer show and a fall- 
/winter show were added. By 1984, 
the Portex fairs were attracting 
more than 4.000 buyers from 30 

There are several reasons for the 
growth. First, Portuguese textiles 
■have shed their old-fashioned im- 
: age and the companies are produc- 
ing the latest fashions for foreign 
I designers and retailers, who come 
- to Portugal to orient the local de- 
'signers and lo place their orders. 

“We furnish what others want,” 

; said Mr. Lemos da Costa. 

Locally produced textiles cover 
95 percent of the internal nwtffcet. 
Only 520 rmBion worth of ready- 
-made clothes and knitwear were 
Imported in 1984. A total of £522 
milli on worth of textiles were im- 

A textile factory in sooth Lisbon. 

ftn«» them abroad. Also, Portu- 
guese manu facturers can turn out 
mute small quantities, deliver them 
quickly and he ready for the next 
style change. 

Alexander Pwbdio, president of 
the textile association and of Por- 
tex, says, “We can put a new prod- 

dothing factories. It was founded 
38 years ago by Mr. Rua, who still 
runs it with his two sons. It ranks 
among the top 50 ready-made 
riruhing companies with annual 
salesot $8.6 million. The faculty is 
located in an enormous, reconvert-' 
ed t urn -of- th e-century mansion 

rex, says, wc «ui pui a usw “ — ■> j 

ucl on the market in rwo months decorated with Portuguese tiles ana 
with the changes of color and style set in wett-leaded gardens with 
for each season. Our geographical fountains and statuary. It has 200 

‘ The Portuguese manufacturers 
have also diversified and improved 
: quality. Men's pants and shirts are 
•no longer the main exports, as they 
were in the 1970s. There is now a 
.wide range of stylish clothing for 
men, women and children, and the 
manufacture of sportswear and 
knitwear is increasing rapidly. 

Probably the biggest selling 
point for Portuguese clothes is that 
.they are relatively cheap. Low 
wages make it possible for manu- 
facturers to produce clothes for 
their foreign customers at prices far 
■below what it would cost to pro- 

position near consumer centers 
permits us to deliver in a short 

The ready-made clothes industry 
has 530 factories employing 50,000 
workers and the knitwear industry 
has 500 factories with 30,000 work- 
ers out of a total of 2.000 factories 
and 300,000 workers in the entire 
textile sector. Most of them are 
small or middle-sized family enter- 
prises with an average of 50 work- 
ers. More than 70 percent of the 
factories are in the north of the 
country around the cities of Oporto 
and Braga. 

Some regions depend totally on 
textiles. Consequently, a crisis in 
the industry is a social problem. 
The factories are a mixture of the 
old and the ultramodern in meth- 
ods and equipment 

The Antonio M. Rua company 
in Oporto is typical of Portugal's 

women working on various floors 
cutting on long tables or sewing 
over machines. 

At first glance, the factory would 
appear to be somewhat old-fash- 
kraed. Thar is era the case. Its oper- 
ations are almost totally computer- 
ized. It is expanding constantly and 
has plans for a five-story ware- 
house on the premises. 

There are other companies that 
are larger and more nearly corre- 
spond to those in more industrial- 
ized countries. 

The Maconde enterprise is the 
biggest producer of men's clothing, 
while the Kuispo group is the big- 
gest exporter of sportswear and ski 
clothes. Another big exporter of 
men's clothing is Supercone Pro- 
faro. The Nobreza company, which 
represents the Macgregor brand in 
Portugal, makes shuts and blouses 
with the label Ponte Verde. . 



Your International Bank 




Sj am MOW am 

l clothes for export to the 
countries of origin. Ssqt percent of 
ready-made clothing and 40 per- 
cent of knitwear are exported. Tex- 
tile exports have had an annual 
growth rate of 20 percent si my 
1973; they are Portugal's greatest 
source of foreign exchange. 

fa spire of its growth and innova- 
tions, Portugal’s textile industry 
has severe problems. The main one 
is financial. The cost of credit can 
go as high as 46 percent and inter- 
est is paid in advance. 

"This severely hampers compa- 
nies when they warn to expand and 
to revamp their machinery," says 
Mr. Pmhora 

Poor transportation and comma- ■ 
ideations facilities are also a hin- 
drance. Labor laws that prevent 
firings are a handicap to the indus- 
try and a source of contention with 
the government Another Kn i fin g 
factor are the quotas imposed by 
other countries on Portuguese tex- 
tiles. The recent agreement with the 
European Community was unfa- 
vorable to Portuguese producers 
because the quotas were based on 
1976, a bad production year. 

Portuguese companies also fear 
that, with Portugal entering the 
Common Market next y«ar. foreign 
companies will move into Portugal 
to take advantage of the low labor 
costs and the EC markets. 

“We are not going into the EC," 
said Mr. Lemos da Costa, “the EC 
is coming into Portugal" 

His fears are shared by Mr. Pm- 
heiro. “If there is an opening up of 
the industry to many new compa- 
nies, it will lead to the collapse of 
many existing ones and will cause 
social problems," he said. The EC 
and European Free Trade Associa- 
tion countries are already the prin- 
cipal importers of Portuguese tex- 
tiles . In 1984, those countries 
accounted for 86 percent of Portu- 
gal's textile exports. 

Portuguese producers find the 
American market difficult to pene- 
trate because of its size and the 
protection granted to local produc- 
ers, although exports to the United 
Slates increased in 1984. 

Portuguese producers are also 
concerned because some foreign 
companies are planning to move 
their operations from Hong Kong 
and other points in the Far East to 
PortugaL Mr. Lemos da Costa said: 
“We don't believe that companies 
that want to use Portugal as a 

to Europe and the U JSLA 

allowed to come into Portugal."' 


: ; -V- V- r/5. Y /' r? S : i,'Y S 

■■ "Y" 4 - Y-V-i Y'-zC/Y-i 


195 Averada da liberdade, 1200 Lisbon, Portugal. 

Telephone: 57 8005/579005/5741 39. 
Talar 12191 BES CUP. 13766 BESCLP. 131569 BESCLP, 
13797 BESCLP. 16523 BESCLP. 


Cunard House, 88 Lnadenhafl Street, 

London EC3A 305 Tel. 01-283 5381. Tefeoc 883064 and 8S69S0. 
Contact R. B. Botch erby, General 1 Manager 

P. S. Almeida. Deputy General Manager 

4 ^ 

■ ■{ 


tlH 1 

Vi , 

Plowing time at a cooperative at Serpa. 


Common Market Access Will Update Agriculture 

(Continued From Previous Page) 
one important category, imports of motor vehi- 
cles from the community to Portugal, wQl be 
dropped by the end of 1987. Another restrictive 
requirement, for the licensing of imports and 
exports, will be abolished as soon as Portuguese 
membership begins. 

Within the community. West Germany, 
France and Britain have the greatest amount of 
investment in and trade with PortugaL Their 
companies in Portugal, concentrated in chemi- 
cal. automobile, electrical equipment and ma- 
chinery production, are mainly geared toward 
export, taking advantage of Western Europe's 
lowest average wages. 

West Germany in particular is seen as bring 
eager to expand commercial relations in the 
next few years. West German trade officials 
indicated they 1 would maintain pressure on Por- 
tuguese authorities to liberalize their investment 
policies as quickly as posable. Under the terms 
of entry. Portugal wifi be allowed to keep con- 
trols on movement of capital for up to seven 

One of the more difficult aspects of the acces-. 
sion negotiations was the question of how fast to 
ease restrictions on Portuguese workers living in 
Luxembourg. Its officials haggled over this 

with the EC Commission because 
it 10 percent of iartembomg’s population 
or 366,000 is composed of Portuguese workers 
and their families. 

The Luxembourg authorities won a special 
exemption from the overall accession agreement 
on worker rights, allowing the continuation of 
restrictions on access to employment for 10 
years, compared with a maximum of six years 
for other member states. Luxembourg was also 
allowed to keep tight controls on the change of 
employment by Portuguese workers who immi- 
grate to Luxembourg after accession. 

The immediate effect of Portuguese member- 
ship on many EC policies will be slighl commu- 
nity officials said. The effect of entry is better 
measured by viewing Portugal as part of an 
enlarged “Mediterranean lobby” that will in- 
clude France, Italy, Spain and Greece. 

Portugal's underdeveloped agricultural sector 

is not expected to produce the huge surpluses, 
common to other EC natv 

nations, that boost com- 
munity spending eadr year on farm supports. 
But Portugal’s need for agricultural develop- 
ment assistance makes it a natural ally for the 
other Mediterranean nations. Together, the 
countries could be a powerful force for in- 
creased agricultural spending, which would 

dash with demands for budget control from 
such states as Britain and West Germany. _ 
The Mediterranean group would also be m a 
better position to insist on greater assistance 
through the community's regional and social 
funds. " ... , 

An immediate effect of enlargement will be 
the strains placed by the 12 members on the 
community’s derision-making process, which 
usually requires unanimity. EC officials hope 
that recommendations for majority voting will 
be approved at the Milan summit of community 
leaders in June, but several nations have indicat- 
ed they are not ready to agree to such a step. 

Portugal for its part, supports the limited use 
of majority voting, according to Aires Correia, 
an economic counselor at the Portuguese mis- 
sion in Brussels. 

The entry of Spain and Portugal is also ex- 
pected to influence the orientation of the com- 
munity's external relations, bringing the EC 
closer to Latin American and African nations 
that had colonial ties with Lisbon and Madrid. 

In the European Parliament, Portugal will 
receive 24 seats, and Spain will be allocated 60 
If the majority of the newcomers are Socialists, 
as is 

a un ukiaviihia w uuvuuiai^ 

s expected, tile fragile, four-vote control 
used by the 

the center-right parties could be 

springboard for Oriental products 
..should be 

Modernization Conies to the Banking Sector 


LISBON — In mid-summer Por- 
tuguese banks will move into new 
technology and open a nationwide 
network of automated idler or cash 
dispensing machines linked to a 
central computer. 

The system, according to bank- 
ing officials, is part of the long- 
awaited modernization of Portu- 
gal's antiquated and 
bureaucratically bound state- 
owned banking sector. 

Twelve banks, including three 
private institutions, have invested 
about $4.8 million in setting up the 
network, which initially will deal 
only with cash withdrawals and 
check requests but which will later 
be expanded to handle a range of 
other customer sendees. One of 
these will be the projected Europe- 
wide cash-withdrawal network now 
under study that would allow cli- 
ents to draw money against their 
home bank accounts while visiting 

tem overcome tire ex- 

change control barriers that Portu- 
gal will slowly remove after its 
entry into the European Communi- 
ty in 1986. 

chine-equipped bank branch, 
whether the client banks there or 
with a rival institution. Clients' ac- 
counts are debited automatically 
through a central computer. Later 
these cards will be upgraded to be- 
come full credit and in some cases 
check guarantee cards, giving the 
services company additional reve- 
nue and responsibilities. 

Following the opening up of the 
banking sector by the government 
last year, two leading UJS. banks — 
Chase Manhattan and Manufac- 
turers Hanover Trust — have be- 
gun an aggressive and successful 
search for business in Portugal, 

prompting a spate of applica ti o n s 
from other " 

vital information about the user. 

Unlike some other countries, the 
cash machines in Portugal are 
owned and installed by a separate 
services company, established by 
the participating banks, which is- 
sues cards valid for use in any ma- 

f orcign institutions. 
Three foreign banks, Barclays, 
Banque Nationale de Paris and 
Gtibank, were authorized May 2 to 
set up operations in PortugaL An- 
other Portuguese private bank. 
Banco Commercial Fortugufcs, was 
also given permission to start oper- 
ations, taking to seven the number 
of private banks allowed into Por- 
tugal since the government liberal- 
ized the nationalized sector last 

These international banks join 
the long-established three private 
International, Credit 
Franco- PoitugaLs and Banco do 
Brasil, which were operating before 
the state takeovers in 1975 and 
which are also now absorbing the 
effects of added competition. 

At least one Portuguese-owned 

S ri vote bank, the Banco Portugal 
o Investimento, which reported a 
$500,000 profit in 1984, has also 

been operating successfully since 
the government broke the state mo- 
nopoly. As a result, other Portu- 
guese enterprises are studying set- 
ting tip their own banks. 

The pressure of competition 
from the efficient and tightly run 
international banks has already 
had considerable effect on the na- 
tionalized sector, an official of one 
of the affected banks said The 
larg/sst state-run bank, the Banco 
Portugute do Atiantfeo, with $3 
billion worth of deposits, has, in 
the past 18 months, introduced a 
number of innovations to attract 
customers, including Eurocbecks, 
cash dispensers and preferential 
client service for big active ac- 

Waiting in the wings to service 
these potentially lucrative opera- 
tions are data-base companies like 
Reuters whose dealing and curren- 
cy services would put Portugal in 
Step with the world's money and 
exchange markets.. 


Bod Checks 

... i. 

But the state-owned institutions 
are burdened by overstaffing, cum- 
bersome systems and undercapital- 
ization. Even worse, they are awash 
in medium-tenn (six to 12 months) 
fixed-interest deposits and 

credit restrictions, part of the po- 
licy of economic stringency. 

Meanwhile, the Banco do Portu- 
gaL the 0001111 /$ central bank, is 
also helping lo ninrigrnti y. the na- 
tion’s financial structures in pre- 
paraton for Common Market 
membership. Used to regulating 
these with an inflexible hand the 
central bank is soon to sanction a 
free interbank money market. Lat- 
er it wifl introduce an international 
spot and forward foreign exchange 
market, anting the current practice 
of a fixed foreign exchange rate 
against major currencies. 

(Continued From Previous Page) 

mance in 1985 will strengthen by a _ 
further 8 percent. % 

Although the government came 
to office in June 1983 with a thrcc- 
stage program for economic recov- 
ery and reform, and a solid parlia- 
mentary majority with which to 
implement it, it has dragged its feet 
over reforms in several areas, in- 
cluding the vital and voracious 
public sector. 

Economists say that these plans 
for modernization through struc- 
tural reforms are fundamental for 
success once Portugal enters the 
European Community. Five main 
areas are identified for action 
through the legislative period end- 
ing in 1987. These are: public co- 
mprises, the private sector, the do- 
mestic financial system, regional!# 
development and tax reform. 




European Connection: Returning to the Fold 

(Continued From Previous Page) 
first place. Relations between the 
two Iberian states are likdy to dete- 
riorate with EC membership be- 
cause of differences over trade, in- 
vestment. fishing rights and 
conflicting views about North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization respon- 

guese have mere than four years of 
schooling, a fact that has a major 
impact on Por tug al's human capi- 
tal and competitiveness. 

The capital-intensive industries 
established in the 1960s, based on 
cheap oil, petrochemical complexes 
and ship-repair facilities , are all 

stances, but pre-eminent among 

them was the impact of the wars in 
Africa on the military institution, 
especially on the junior and middle 
rank officers who formed the 
aimed forces movement. 

In both the swing to the left after 
April 1974 and the anti-Conimu- 

Portugal is a poor country with 
limited resources that for centuries 
has expOTled its excess population 
through immigration and balanced 
its trade deficits by the surpluses 
from overseas colonies. When Por- 
tugal becomes a member of the 
European Community in 1986, the 
disparities between the poorest ar- 
eas of Portugal and the richest ar- 
eas of the EC win be immense, as 
much as 12 times between Ham- 
burg and Vila Real, for instance, in 
terms of per-capita income. 

Portugal still has over 30 percent 
of its active population engaged in 
agriculture, and many of its “indus- 
trial" workers also rely on rural 
production to support their fam- 
ilies. indeed increasingly so in face 
of recession. Illiteracy is extensive, 
over 24 percent of the adult popu- 
lation. Onlv three out of five- Porm- 

Coming to terms with a heritage of past 
glories now confronts the Portuguese. 

faring major problems. It is a situa- 
tion aggravated by the advene ef- 
fects on them of government poli- 
cies that have forced public 
enterprises to borrow overseas, 
while at the same time postponing 
the government's own obligations 
to the nationalized industries, 
hence shifting and to some extent 
disguising the scale of government 
deflate and debt. The size of the 
bureaucracy has expanded in in- 
verse proportion to its effective- 

Finally, it is important to re- 
member that the opportunity for 
democracy in Portugal was created 
by means of a military coup d'etat. 
The military had been instigated to 
act h\ a combination of circunv- 

nist countercoup of November 
1975, the military played a central 
rote in politics and the armed 

fnnvtf aroe tranrfnam A J L.. -I 1 

li&cal — ~ auuggic. more 

than 10 years later, although the 
African ca m paig n s are a mere 
memory, and the size of the anned 
forces has been cut down from a 
wartime high in 1973 of over 
200,000 to dose to 50,000 today 
the interaction between individual 
military officers and civilian politi- 
cians is still tense and the rote oT 
the armed forces as an institution 
in the body politic remains prob- 

Former Prime Minister Francis- 
co Pinto Bulsemao attribute* the 

Portuguese malaise of the mid 
1980s to the lack of external chal- 
lenge. the type of challenge which 
for five centuries kept Portugal in- 
dependent (most of the time) and 
set it on an extraordinary overseas 
adventure. Yet at least part of the 
external challenge and its attrac- 
tion to the Portuguese elite was that 
it provided the means to avoid 
tough domestic decisions at home. 
As a consequence, Portugal fell far 
behind in the race to modernity 
which in turn helped produce the 
striking disparities between Portu- 
gal and ns new partners. 

Coming to terms with a heritase 
of past glories, glories which im- 
prisoned Portuguese society at least 
as much as they liberated ii, as well 
as the task qf dealing realistically 
with the diminished dimensions of 
Portugal n«lf. is essentially the 
task that now confronts the Portu- 

DwUngwiihihescdLcmma.will . 

dmianding M d help will be „ “5 
cd by Portugal's friends. TW 

pean Community should lifi 
ejres for a moment above In ,,r ! S 
oil and wine lakes -m.t ls ^ ! Vtf 
Ihat path ahead 

member wHI not be an eiyo n r 


7- :• 




Page 11 






LISBON — The growth of the 
shoe industry is the biggest eco- 
nomic access story inPortugaL 
Shoe exports, which 10 years ago 
amounted to only 70QjJ00 pairs, 
reached the 32 mffliqa mark -in 

Exports doubled between Jatm- 
ary and October of last year com- 


■ Agrieultm, 


•2v \ .*i 

' - - *7; 


fifty percent of the shoe produc- 
tion is being exported, representing 
nearly 5 percent ofPortugaFs total 

There are many reasons for this 
success. In 1977 and 1978, the gov- 
ernment was looting for ways to 
cut down its gi gantic halannw of 
payments deficit by increasing ex- 
ports. The exportof shoes was con- 
sidered a possibility. Up to that 
time, shoes had been produced 
only for the internal nuuket and for 
Portugal's former African territo- 

. Whb the support of the export 
development fund, the shoe manu- 
facturers began to boy new equip- 
ment, enlarge their factories and set 
up new ones. They* attended inter- 
national shoe-design shows and 
brought back ideas from Italy and 
France and other countries where 
fashion is matte 

“We bring back ideas and mod- 
els from other countries and rmAn 
changes to rive them the ‘Portu- 
guese lode’, said a member of (he 
Portuguese Association of Shoe 
and Leather Industries. The manu- 
facturers improved their quality 
and design and they set up then- 
own local shoe shows at the Palado' 
de Cristal in Oporto for mtema- 
tiona] buyers. They put their ooHeo- 
tions on show in Dflssddorf, Paris, 
London and other European cities. 
And, importantly, they began to 
get shoes delivered an time in the 
right quantities. 

Portugal makes shoes for foreign 
retailers and wholesalers to market 
under their own brand names, but 
also markets some Portuguese 
brands. There are about ISO regu- 
lar exporters around Oporto and 
cities to the north. The bulk of the 
exports are men’s shoes because 
Portugal .cannot compete with Italy 
in women's shoes. Some of the big- 
gest names in shoe manufacturing 
and export are Campon Portu- 
guds, Xavi (sports slues). Conti- 
nental and BasQius. Campeiopro- 

.. , j, I.r; • „v.-.:Y- 

Central Lisbon and its monuments, above; 
elderly stroller climbs a MB in a residential 
section, right 

duces about 14,000 pairs 
and Xavi produces about 


Portugal can put shoes an for- 
~ — markets at * 

have shown spectacular growth. In 
1982, American customers bought 
264,000 pairs; in 1984, the figure 
was over a million. Portu&il is 
looking to the United States as the 
market of the future. 


customs barriers or quotas on Por- 
tuguese shoes in European Com- 
munity countries, where they repre- 
sent only 4 to 5 percent of total 
shoe imports. No restrictions were' 
set during the recent negotiations 
for Portugal to join the EG “they 
did not see us as a threat," said a 
shoe-association economist. 

EC countries already account for 
nearly half of the exports. They 
bought more than 17 minio n pairs 
in 1984. Britain is the biggest mar- 
ket (4.6 miffim pairs), followed 
dosdy by France and West Ger- 
many. European Free Trade Asso- 
ciation countries buy 5 j milli on 
pairs per year, of which Sweden 
accounts for 3 millio n 
Exports to the United States 

Portuguese shoe manufacturers 
are concerned about effects that 
entry into the EC will bring. 

us uothmgbut trouS^Tbecaose it 
win open our local market to for- 
eign competitors in Europe and to 
those companies with whom they 
have preferential-treatment agree- 
ments, such as those in Southeast 
Asia, which represent the most seri- 
ous threat to us.” said Antfaio 
Gara, president of the shoe and 
leather association, in a recent in- 
terview. “On the good ride, howev- 
er, entrance will give ns access to 
some raw materials we have had 
difficulty obtaining,” he added. 

There are already foreign com- 
panies, mainly west Ger 


which have set up in Portu 
take advantage of the cheap 
Some local manufacturers believe 
that the only way the Portuguese 
shoe industry can nontimip. to grow 
as it has done is for foreign compa- 
nies to come in and set up joint 
ventures with the Portuguese. 

Portuguese companies are begin- 
ning to experience some difficul- 
ties. The era of cheap labor appears 
to be coming to an end because the 
supply of skilled workers cannot 
keep up with the soaring rate of 
production, so the workers are de- 
manding more money. Also, raw 
materials are becoming expensive. 
Because 90 percent of Portuguese 
shoes are made of leather, it is be- 
coming increasingly necessary to 
import hides and leather. Thirty 
percent of finished leather is being 
imported from India and Pakistan. 

But Portuguese shoe manufac- 
turers are confident the industry 
will continue to expand. 

— MARTHA de la CAL 


\ I'i'l'ilVJS 

Had ( /*'<'< 


Farm workers remove stones from a Grid where grape vines wifl be planted. 


Tasting Portuguese Reds: Will the 'Nez’Hawe It in Paris? 

By George Gudauskas 

- PARIS — Port, Madeira, rosft, 
Vinhos Verdes — these are the 
wines for which Portugal is known. 

But red wine, the table variety, 
also forms a huge portion of Portu- 
gal's production, and ft was red 
wine the French gentleman held in 
his glass one recent evening. 

“Very interesting,” be said, sniff- 
ing and sipping the young red that 
had been opened an hour earlier for 
a Lasting or some of Portugal's best 
The comment, though ambigu- 
ous, was but one of several favor- 

able ones that emerged during an 
rines fr< 

\ |V 

• i:\i-: ■ ' 

Jit* I- old 

evening when seven wines from 
^ major producing regions of Portu- 
‘gal were sampled. 

Most of the wines were unavail- 
able in French wine shops. They 
bad been sent by Portuguese wine- 
makers who wanted the fruit of. 
their labors tasted in Paris. Several 
members of the International Wine 

ft Food Society, the 52-year-old 
nonprofit group, tasted the wines. 

Pamela D. Meade, president of 
the Paris group, said major wine 
areas were represented “so you can 
see the differences." 

“There should be differences," 
she explained, “Eke the differences 
between a Bordeaux, a Burgundy 
and a Cdtes-du-RbOne. That 
shouMbe evident to us.” 

After much swirling, stiffing and 
sipping, several tasters concluded 
that most of the Portuguese reds 
had.good color and fine bouquet 
On taste, . however, the wines 
seemed light to the French palate. 
“Thin,” one French taster said. 

After the seventh bottle, Mrs. 
Meade, who is English, remarked, 
without chalibtgei that “You’d ex- 
pect strong, heavy wines from Por- 
tugal. But you have ddicate, com- 
i, light wines instead." 
wines came from three 

of Portugal's 10 demarcated areas, 
those defined by special law: Dou- 
ro, Dao and BauTada. 

Also lasted was wine from Tor- 

Tasting began with the youngest 
wines and included a Vino de 
Mesa, a Bairrada, a Dao, a Quinta 
da Folgorosa, a Pasmados, and two 
Reserves. One was a 1974. 

Dfiois the best-known region for 
Portuguese reds. Soil there is gra- 
nitic; the terrain is mountainous 
with terraced vineyards and thedi- 
matecan be extreme. Wine critics 
differ in assessing the characteris- 
tics of the wine. Some compare 
D5o wines with Ripjas: soft, drink- 
able and inexpensive. Others find 

many people often associate with 
the products of Portuguese vine- 



I wmer- 

them rough, dry and unbalanced. 
6, de 

The Douro, demarcated first for 
pent, produces reds that vary from 
light to intense. The wines of Bair- 

rada, south of Oporto, are named 
lish clay soil of the re- 

EG Election Dominate Political T.tfe 

for the reddish 

At the Lasting, the Vino de Mesa, 
the first wine sampled and the 

(Canffined From .Page 9) 

luck on a maraSS^Rfaria 
de Lourdes Pintasilgo. Vos former 
prime minister and onetime ambas- 
sador to UNESCO was the 'first 
randidatr off the mark and is seek- 
ing support from an cdectic group, 
. including Communists, militant 
f Roman Catholics and others who 
believe her utopic Third Woridism 
to be the appropriate direction for 
•, next decade. 

but there are those in (he new party 
who fed he' should become prime 
minister of a government elected in 
harmony ^ with a president endorsed 
by GenoralEanes himself. The new 
party, however, remains anembry- 
oqic forces faking a leader, a pro 
dential candidate or dearly drfint 

youngest, drew unchallenged 

praise from a Frenchman as 
most agreeablke to drink.” He had 
been comparing notes with a fellow 
countryman and taster. He also 
had tasted six other fine trines be- 
fore judging. 

These wines were a far ay from 
the fresh, slightly fizzy ones that 

Portugal, the seventh 
wine-producing country, 
more than 835,400 hecto 
(about 22 milli on gallons) a 
according to the government, f 
among the more than 1,000 wi 
ies in the coon try. 

Only a fraction of the total is red 
wine, however, and they are not 
widely stocked. 

_ In addition, as Decanter maga- 
zine noted in May, often btllerda- 
tionship exists between price and 
quality, “confusing for us, the wine 
lovers,” the magazine said, “and 
not good for the producers ether.” 

To explain why Portuguese reds 
have lacked the success abroad of, 
say, either port or Mateos Rosfe, 
Decanter died Portuguese produc- 
tion and marketing for a lack of 
organization and discipline. 

“With the will and the discipline, 
Portugal could offer some of the 
world’s best red wines,” the maga- 
zine said. “Whether it will remains 

to be seat." 

Some of Portugal's best ap- 
peared at the wine-lava's tasting , 
and the few gathered there seemed 
slightly impressed, enough so to 
comment that Portuguese wines are 
nothing, as the Frenchman said, if 
not “very interesting." 


Although opinion poOs currently 
give her a commanding lead, some 
analysts believe they are mislead- 
ing, inadequately structured and 
unlikely to reflect the- true views of 
the electorate. 

A still unknown quantity will be 
the candidate proposed by the re- 

the ^JemocraticROTewal Party, 
~‘|which is counting on reinforcing 
'presidential powers at the expense 
of parliament and hoping to entice 
the head of General Antdido 
Ramalho Eases, to become its 

General Eanes is constitmonally 
barred from a third terra in office 

An additional thread working 
into the scene is the revived debate 
over the country’s: constitution. 
When first adopted in 1976, it was 
considered Western Europe’s most 
doctrinaire Marxist charter, but it 

was toned down considerably by a 

revision in 1981 Today, however, 
voices in parties on the center and 
right are again raised in opposition 
to the constitution, claiming that 
its economic chapters need imme- 

the EC is to^rnkte^smse. These 
chapters continue to regard key 
sectors’ of the economy as a state 
presave and talk of the benefits erf 
a sodaEzederonomy. 

As one young technocrat noted, 
“How can we ever begin to make 
progress' if we are -still arguing 
alxut' the country’s f und amental 
directions?” : '= 


MARTHA DE 1A CAL reports from Lisboa for Time magazine. 

STEVEN J. DRYDEN, a Brussels-based journalist, writes a bi- 
weekly calnmn on the European Communit y for the IHT. 

GEORGE GUDAUSKAS, a journalist based in Pars, writes on a 
variety of topics including travel and lifestyle. 

KENNETH MAXWELL, program director of the Tmfaa' Founda- 
tion in New York, is an associate professor of history at Crimth™ 
University and a senior fellow at Cohtmbia's Research Tnc ti fti tr on 
International Change. He is the author of “Conflicts and Conspira- 
cies: Brazil and Portugal 1750-1807" (Cambridge, 1974) and “Pom- 
bal: Unmimsmo, Imp&no t Dcspotismo," to be published in the fall in 

KEN POmNQQt, a Lisbon-based journalist, contributes fre- 
quently to the International Herald Tribune. 

PETER WISE, a Lisbon-based journalist, contributes to The 
Washington Post and The Boston Globe: 



L, *». ii * i* 

BNU is one of Portugal^ oldest 
banks with the largest commercial 
network of branches in the country 

BNLfe special expertise is in 
financing all aspects of the 
Portuguese export and import 
trade. Jts comprehensive 
array of services indudes 
opening, negotiating 
and confirming letters 
of credit, collecting trading 
documents and arranging 
payments through bank 

BNU also has a long 
tradition of intensive 
activity in Macao, it can 
offer the same range of 
services to importers and 
exporters in the flourishing light 
industrial and consumer 
industries there. 

The St Gabriel, Vasco da Gama's flagship, in 
which he led his fleet to India in 1497 
and reached it in the following gear. 


since 1864 

Head Office m Lisbon Representative Office in United Kingdom Macao Main Brandi Representative Office in Hone Kona 

£“^24 Ria Au^i 55 /61 Moorgate. London EC2R 6BH. 2 Avenida Almeida Rlbeiro Vtorid Wide House. Room 8CW-A * 

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BNUMCOM 88351 BNUFXOM TH 5-212 381 5 -2307% 

Cable. ULTRA NAOO %lex:BNUHKHX 72991 

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Banks in whWi BNU has pa rtKlpatjonBanqv^ Franco FV>mj®^.aaTViijePom«aiseaUixemboureSA.The Bar* of Ijsbonf- South AfrKa Ltd 


from stabilization to modernization 

Portugal is a small, open and new industrialized country strongly dependent upon foreign markets either for 
imports, njamely energy related (petroleum), food and raw materials, and for exports which indude manufactured goods 
(textiles, chemicals, paper and pulp) and services (tourism). 

Some past exogenous factors like the second oil shock, a severe drought, the world recession and high interest rates 
in international markets, together with the attempt to sustain domestic demand and employment, have partly been 
responsible for external imbalances. 

To cope with this situation a stabilization program was implemented, in mid-1983, inducing a discrete devaluation 
of the escudo, the increase in prices of a wide range of previously subsidized goods and a substantial tightening of monetary 
and fiscal poBaes. Domestic interest rates were increased in conjunction with stricter credit ceilings and' dose monitoring of 
the external debt. Taxes were raised and public spending was cut. Part of these measures were instrumental in an agreement 
with the International Monetary Fund in view of a stand-by credit. 

The responsiveness of the economy to the stabilization package was quite remarkable. The main targets agreed 
with the IMF were achieved The current account deficit decreased from UJj. $3.3 billion in 1982 to 1.6 billion in 1983 and 
0-5 bilRon in 1984, the targets being 2 billion and 1 .25 billions, respectively. Exducfing interest payments on the external debt, 
the current account would have shown a surplus of 07 billion in 1984 (against a deficit of 0.6 billion in 1983). The increase in 
exports and the decrease in imports almost offset the foil m domestic demand (around 7 per rent); hence, GDP recorded only 
a marginal fall. On the other hand, total external debt growth decelerated, at the same time that a significant improvement in 
its time profile took place. 

However, these results were only achieved at some economic and social cosh ina-eased inflation, as a result of the 
escudo devaluation and of the adjustment in administered prices; higher unemployment; arid lower level of economic activity, 
especially in the domestic oriented sectors. 

The results achieved through stabilization program, namely the sharp improvement in the external current account, 
and the contr o l of the foreign debt (and the taming of the' bud get deficit), are quite impressive and will allow a moderate eco- 
nomic expansion in 1985; the government expects a growth of 3 per cent in real GDP, led by the export sector. This 
deliberate slow recovery will not endanger the consolidation of the present economic situation and is a prerequisite to the im- 
plementation of a long-term program of deep structural reforms, which is imperative for a better performance of the 
economy and for a successful integration in the EEC The government .intends to improve the efficiency of the economy 
through the replacement of bureaucratic management by the dsdpfine of competition in the market place. The 
rationalization of public administration and the restructuring of nationalized industries, the easement of price controls and the 
loosening of some restrictions of labour legislation are in line with that dm. 

On the financial side, modernization is the order of the day. A motor overhaul of domestic financial markets and 
mechanisms is currently being introduced. Private banks (as well as insurance companies), bath foreign-owned and domestic, 
can operate in Portugal. Since last year two American banks and a Portuguese one were recently allowed to start operating; 
others will follow soon. Leasing and investment companies are expanding significantly their activities, thus increasing the 
range of financial products available to dients, which until recently were confined to those of the banking sector. The 
government intends also to develop the role and importance of the stock market. 

Portugal is right now a very attractive location for international investors. It is well placed as a gateway to a num- 
ber of developing countries in East Africa and South Atlantic; qualified and skilful labour is available; unit labour costs are 
quite tow by international standards and tax tows are favourable. Direct foreign investment has eww^ to a || incentives 
granted by the Portuguese laws, m^emjoy additional benefits of fiscal and other nature and is allowed in the majority of the 
sectors of the economy (but m a few strategic ones). Moreover, the soda! and political situation is quite stable. Having all this 
in mind, cfirect investment should provide a high return at a tow risk. 

Portugal will soori be a foil member of the European Communities Integration in the world's most important free 
trade area will further increase the attractiveness of investing in Portugal, specially m export oriented sectors. 

Research Statistics Department 
Banco de Portugal 


Page 12 




,.l < ' » 

The Fete Goes On in Paris ^ ^ 

«- ^ gssi!si*s;i££fl 

■mw? at Sms gs* — — - 
s w* w* gwras Sftsftssg 

. dl S^9, at a raemorable C^^ <k ^ ucsts stepped into the Per- 
M ** by 



T^tSwfiS^ toSS^“ rwto:3I0E “ 



30 bis. Rue de Paradis 

75010 PARIS 

(thru the archway) 

Tel.: 770 64 30 

When in Paris... 
visit our Museum 
and showrooms 
Open Monday - Friday 
<J a.m- w 6 P-* 11 - 

Saturday 10- 12 a.m. • 2 - 5 p m. 
Also in *decud stores 
near your home. 
Catalogue on request 

w of the season Sdr ckteaux or .com- 

srjKsssass S-sisssfis 

SfewssgSS affiSia - 1 '* 

black-tie dinner will hjJjWjJJ J?jfA tf^epas 1 — all of which 

a tour of hiiaoriSw^ej? the axtis- 

roorns ' French minis- uc quality of the Serebriakoffs^ ex- 


Profitable'' Twin Boo^ 

o Snarl: Publishing Feud 

ques Chirac. 

There is a 
between this 

Poster design for the Serebriakoff exhibition. 


K^telE- ’ The exhibition was concaved By *£—^ 1333^5 

Sc Princess Lnare de Beauveen- „ot the same. eiienJTVtal 

fea worid of difference craon. whose hicba nd, to toe TC a pany, I always started tom or- 

thk event and past extra- p^ce Marc de Beauveau-Craon, Jj Kanl gJJ decor my house, a chfr- Edmond Sat Ancrams). The bar- 
£Tp is a far E^-Ment of the Danone His- f u T i^ * chef and dozens of ange-silk lined proffa^). ire 

thr-Let ’em eat cake” ^que. She said that altnougnure i~Z| e at my disposal. Now, all I onesstmu ^ ^ 
SPJS5.S Paris Ss-Tbehar- SSkofTs painted all oyer Eu- Kis^sqSremetcrs [6^00 nampd sm« rm 
JJ2? admitted that large private the exhibition, whicha spon- ^ feet j 0 f enyty beige space. The . lgS S d<?tawe everything, 



jiSiSS srsw**? - «a ^£s^; 5 ,, ffi ,, s 

SS^^SIg nofer^ 

A l bedroom of Aruao Lopez (Much f t i Krv ^ ^ covered m fttmi Arene. r _p ce rt inu rf».it 

l STS seen in Neuffly-sur-Serae, sauce." 

in I where the house is a now a muse- Bul ±& baroness, who loves a wouldbe wvtdfor 


can be seen m Nerauy-sur-^ ^ sauce." r w^Z^wTowin 

where the bouse is a now a cause- _ . baroness, who loves a would be anM ®?f p-od r or 

um); and the grand salon of the /-j t boosts the morale and tatioa for tw °y ^^ l j' rSlih 

Chilean de Ferrifcres, which [Gy w a lot of people") *»5“2 J te& E 

de Rothschild gave to the Umversi- # ^d^ted. if anything, she Ufile 1970, courtesy oi b 

ty of Parisin 1975. seemed to like the duDenge of band__ 2>emaxn > s a Dt- % 

There will be 150 costumed ex- starting from scratch, so to speak. *T„u,riPim n rims June SioJvty 

tras, dressed in ail the periods rep ?Se sore aU the profits went w J 

resented in the museum, from the ^ museum, she ailed on her 6 . s. Open 2 to 6 J 

Middie AgcsK.19M.-nic decora- frinlds who donated money, or f Sm- \ 

tions, designed by Bruno Rot, ut- their time, or both. vJJ:’ ' \ 

r«t M60 meters) of gar- Amnnp her 27 suDDorters are the days. . 

lands, 1000 fresh calla lilies, 500 

peonies and 1,400 artificial flowers, « 

S in^e room where the Photographers to Capture 

dinner will be served. O 1- n ■» 

A Day in the Life of Japan 

SS mOTeyP ^t^Sness her- ^ Aaoaaied Pras for a book organizers hope wiU be a 

sdf out it, in her private quarters _„ vn ^Vi lime 7 more “visual time-capsnie. 

^oiS the palatial salons of the Ho- lea{ ^gp“ 0 tojournal- Although ttey ^ 

tiT^mberL where she now lives. > tnan tuuiatuDB cameras on Prime Minister Yasu- 

“One could not afford the kind of ^ ^T 0111 c^mrc on film hiro Nakasone, the project w^I 

f&tKone used to give. It would cost country ^g^ Sd. 011 W 

“We ask only one thing of them 

that they make extraordinary 

pictures of ordinary events, said 
David Cohen, 30, co-director oT the 
S3.5-million project and future 

book “A Day in the Life of Japm. 

Three other similar coffee 131% 
type books, on Australia, Hawaii 
and Canada have been p ublished 
since 1981, but Cohen and bis oo- 

- — director Ride Smolan, 35, said Ja- 

i pan poses particular difficulties. 

i£3rtbuael§ifi A«ss»gS 

||>» Teijin Vow to PklBh For the prqject, 75 phoiogra- 

|pmniit Leauere vow u» >. phers win fly in from 16 countries 

llor an Economic Recovery r May 31 to be briefed on thrir as- 

The collection of the Italian 
designer "Romo Barocco" 
and die Knap label with its 
creations in silk, suede and 


100, Champs-Elys6es 

Paris S' 

44, rue Francois 1" 
Paris 8* 

237, rue Saint-Honorfe 
Paris 1"*' 


u TW..- 3 SBJS .04 J 

Photographers to Capture 
A Day in the Life of Japan 

. , i. himc nH 


Is Seen in Moscow 


amh Leaders Vow to Pkish 
an Economic Recovery 

puns wlu uj — r — 

May 31 to be briefed on thar as- 
dprrm ents. Cohen told a_press con- 
ference at the Foreign Correspon- 
dents' Club of Japan. They will be 
joined by 25 Japanese photograr 

On June 7, rain or shine, the 
photographers, including four Pu- 
litzer- Pnze winners, will begin 
shooting at dawn and continue un- 
til d l,A . using an estimated 5,000 
rolls of donated film. 

. By Edwin McDowell 

Sew York Tima Service 

N EW YORK — One of the 
most "bizarre crimes in recent . 
years, the 1978 murder of a multi- 
millionaire plotted by the victim's 
New York socialite daughter and 
carried out by her son, is the sub- 
ject of two books scheduled Tor 
publication next month. But al- 
ready the books have ignited a bit- 
ter publishing feud, with the au- 
thors and tne victim’s widow. 

nc each other of “deception, 
“misrepresentation," “checkbook 
journalism’’ and "unethical con- 
duct.” , 

The books are “Nutcracker" by 
Sh ana. Alexander, the author of 
books about Patty Hearst and Jean 
Harris, and “At Mothers Request" 
by Jonat han Coleman, a former Tlj 
book editor and broadcast jourrud- 

^Both recount in detail the events gj* 
leading up to the trial and camnc- 
ttenof Frances Schreuder, apatrtra *jne 
erf the New York arts who persuad- dem 

ed her 17-year-old son Marc w 
l murder ber father, Frankhn. B^- ^ 
“ shaw, an auto-parts dealer in Salt 
a Lake Gty. Mother and son arc au- J°8 
■" ready serving long terms m the ® 
Utah State Prison. Another son, J* 
15 Lawrence, convicted of attemptmg “« 
. u» murder his college roommate, v 
^ was paroled in March 1983 after 

S' serving a total of two years mpns- “m 

ons and hospitals. 

K Although the stakes arc high, 
x since both books are potential best wa 
* idlers— both have been purchased *■ 
m for tdeviskm adaptation, and eaai 

a ~ has been sold for paperback for six mt 

of figures — the writers say then dis- ■ 
6 s pme is purely a matter of disdain 
. for each other's journalistic meih- » 

ll } ods. -pi 

r vv Coleman, for example, accuse “ 
for Alexander of “checkbook journal- « 

m ' ism" in having paid or arranged [or J* 

”*■ her publisher to pay for exclusive J 
« access to the murderer, Marc “ 
P£ Schreuder. In his book, Coleman “ 

r “^. writes that he declined, “for what 1 * 

l““ bdieved to be sound journalistic « 
ff ® reasons." to pay money to Marc « 
Schreuder or Joseph E. Tesch, 
Schroder's Utah lawyer, but that 
— they “were able to obtain that man- J 
ey elsewhere." v 

“Checkbook journalism refers = 

to ihe practice of paying for exclu- j 

sive access to news or interviews ' 
with public figures. Ctincs of the 
practice say that it is corrupting 
because it introduces a commercial 
be a relationship into the otherwise de- ■ 
tached search for facts. 1 

their Alexander denied that she paid . 
’asu- Tesch or Schreuder. “I do not buy , 
will material," she said recently. It s ' 

ople. been ray principle, because bought 

material tends to be unreliable and 
Ihetn makes me vulnerable m dealing 

^ with my subject afterwards. 

But after she declined to bOT, she 

JK said. Doubleday, her pubfisha; 

JJS “saw fit to buy it," and sire recov^ 

“a collection of tapes made by 
? £L Marc of his family home life and 
JSJ the exclusive ri^it to mterview him 

“Aie^der said she did not know 

norwant to know how much Etoib- 

i leday paid for the matenaL But I 
fL-, couldn’t turn down material like 
thau and 1 fdt l couldn’t ignore it, 
she said. “Here was a 

2? something which had been to a 

p large degree covered up by v*at the 

togr 2 ” psychiatrist in the case called tne 
mtries igreen poultice,’ Le^ money. 

Doubleday dedined to say how 
^ much it paid. But Berenice Brad- 

dmw, the victim's widow and the 

grandmother of Marc Schreuder, 
^ S told me he got paid 

S10JJ00, and had to give the lawyer 
Le - 55,000.” Tesch refused to discuss 
fimmcial anangements. 
begm Henry Reath, president of 
[“srSn Doubleday Publishing Co„ said 
1 5 '°°° that the company pakl money to 


Shana Ale^anti« , ■ 

protect its book.^ “We did .not warn driving 

sSreuder todoadeal wrtiiamm- ^ she followed 

vine or with TV," be said- He also 
denied that the company s pay- 
ment to Marc Schreuder amounted 
to checkbook joumabsm. n 
wasn’t a situation of being unome 
to get to sources," he said. It was 
to protect ourselves from wbat 
Schreuder might do after we got to 

Coleman is not mollified by the 

Alexander-Doubleday explana- 
tion. In either case, he said, Alexan- 
der had an obligation to tefl her 
readers that she used material that 
was bought, rather than 
her foreword that she told Mrs. 
Bradshaw there would be “no pay- 
! malts" made, 

Alexander has complaints of her 
| own. She said Coleman misrepre- 
. seated himself in interviews as the 
heir to the notes of Tommy 
s Thompson, the writer who had 
beat working on the book for 
, Doubleday until rfuwtiy beforems 
l death in October 1982. Doubleday 
r also paid ihe Thompson estate for 

n his notes, which it turned over to 
i Alexander. She writes m the fore- 
ic word that part of her book is buflt 

I ona solid foundation of Tommy 

'•&+» V MB ' 

# t ♦ 

•• A 

' . 1 * u 

wora uuiimieui -v.- - - . 

on a solid foundation of Tommy j 
Thompson’s original notes. • 
Coleman denied that he nusrep- . 
resented himself, and his denials 

are supported by Mrs. Bradshaw: ; 

by Marilyn Reagan, tire aster o 
Frances Schreuder. and by Nuke 
Carter, a reporter for The Salt Lake 
City Tribune. “Jonathan ne ver tol d 
me that, and he never misrepreseni- 
ed himself to anybody I know of, 
said Carter, who covered the Inals 
of Frances and Marc Schreuder. 
However, Tim Conway, a former 

New York City policeman who was 

involved in Ihe murder case as a 
private detective, recalls: I was 
definitely under the assumptmn 
from the way Coleman spoke that 
he was taking over the Thompson 
. book. Hespote erf Thompson this, 
Thompson that,’ and when I found 
j out he wasn’t t akin g over at all. i 
r fdt kind of had.” . . 

I Coleman has also accused Alex- 
ander of “an unethical and unholy 

alliance" withaNewYorkp sydua - 
, msi whmn Alexander recomiwnd- 

. ed to Mis. Bradshaw. In her book, 

i Alexander writes that after Frances 

. and Marc Schreuder had been nn- 
’ prisoned, she suggested to Mrc 
» Bradshaw that an informal taut 

J with the doctor, a medalist m.*e 

c diagnosis of mood disorders, might 
I beuaefuL if only to make her fw 
less distraught ^Both she and the 

doctor agreed, so I drove hex down 
v to the hospital and satin on then 

■- three-bour conversation, the au- 
e thor writes. 

r ’ Adced about the ethics of being 
d presern during that conversation, 
* Alexander said; “The doctor asked 
» me to sit in, because the pa^nt 
would fed more comfortable. Utn- 

»f awise it would have been unetln- 


o Mm. Bradshaw denied that she 


new creations by nyuiM 

a sked Alexander to attend the 



Bui when I got 

shouldn’t have been there. It ® 


it did not mention the doctor s vis 


uled^^ublicationin Sepiemher. 

a montii^ter tire schrfdW puhh- 

canon date of At Mothers Re- 
quest." When Doublcday ad- 
i vanced the publication of 
■ “Nutcracker” to July, 

i countered with a June putotwn 

f date. Now Coleman shook will be 
r of fici ally published June 20 and 
3 Alexanders June 21. 

J Whatever the outcome of the dis* 

l puts, both authors stand to make a 

y lot of monev. Dciubleday ha.s print- 
. ed 100.000 copies of Alexander ^s 
t book, paperback rights were sold to 
DclHwS figures. a spo^J 
“j featured alternate sdectioo ot uk 
?! literary Guild and NBC-Wanrer is 
“ adapting it for television. 

Id Atheneum has printed 50,000 

a- copies of Coleman’s book. papCT- 

p- ri gh ts were smd to rocxci 

As Books for ax (touts, it is a Book- 

of-thc-Month <3ub alternate and it 
ta has sold to CBS for a tdeviswo 
ms mim -series. 

\ ‘ i a 



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Page 13 

,r * n &Ool ^ r 

iti<> p ** l atest Crop of Filins on Vietnam War Indulge in a Macho Rewriting of History 

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By Vincent Canby 

iVpw Yar* Timer Service 

N EW YORK — “What is it you 
want?” the puzzled but admir- 
ing coload of the Green Berets asks 
Rambo (Sylvester Stallone), the 
“pure fighting machine’' who has 
just returned from a solo undercov- 
er operation in present-day Viet- 
nam. Rambo, who doesn't likV to 
talk much, pulls nis brain cells to- 
gether. “I wan’ — I wan* — ,** he 
says with some difficulty. “1 wan' 
tins country. to love us as much as 
we loved &” 

The tense of that last verb could 
be wrong — it might be love” 
instead of “loved" — but this is the 
pith of the Dual speech in “Rambo: 
First Blood Part II," the latest and 
potentially the most visible in what 
is turning into a new crop of Viet- 
nam films, not about the war as It 
was fought and as it came to an end 
10 years ago. but as it has come to 
look to the macho mind of today. 

Love is the nominal key. Howev- 
er, vengeance is the bask;' motive 
and fantastic, larger-than-life ac- 
tion is the method of these films 
More than anything else, they re- 
flect a revisionist popular attitude 
toward a war. that, m the 1970s, was 
seoi as a harrowing Ameri can dis- 
grace in movies like “Apocalypse 
Now" and “Coming Home." 

Fellini PresentsAward 
To Italian President 

The Associated Proa 
ROME — The film ftirartfnr F<5- 
dericu Fellini presented President 
Sandro Pertim, 87, of Italy with a 
golden David di Donatello cni emu 
award for his support of the Italian 
movie industry. 

Milos Forman’s “Amadeus’* 
won all the fniecnatkmal awards, 
Italy’s version of the Academy 
Awards, and ax Italian prizes went 
to Francesco Rosi*5 “Carmen.” 

. The new Vietnam films — in- 
cluding “Rambo," Chuck Norris’s 
“Missing in Action*' (1984) and 
“Missing in Action 2," released 
earlier this year, and “Uncommon 
Valor” (1983), plus segments of 
such TV shows as “Magnum, P. L" 
and “Anwotf" — don't deny that 
the war was lost That* s not possi- 
ble: Instead, they restart the war 
that, they say, U.S. government 
fuddy-duddies would not allow to 
be won lO^ears ago and, this time, 
score dedavev totally fictitious vk> 

. torus over enemies who frequently 
look more Qinrase or Japanese 
than Vietnamese. ' 

Of absolutely no interest to these 
films are the steps by which the 
United States got into the war, or 
the reasons behind the public reac- 
tion against h, which had the effect 
of denying any glory and gratitude 
to the sokEere who found them- 
selves caugjbt in the middle, fight- 
ing it Though these movies, Eke 
Stallone’s not-qtnte-tongue>-tied 
Rambo, talk about giving credit, ax 
last, to unsung heroes, they are far 
mare committed to dunging histo- 
ry by adding new chapters to iL 

Their common plot: the search 
for — andiescueof — U. S. prison- 
ers of war, officially listed as miss- 
ing in action, other by one-man 
armies,' See the invincible, armor- 
plated though always bare-chested 
Rambo and Norris's somewhat 
more modest, fleet-footed Colonel 
Braddock, or by “Dirty DazetT- 
Eke commando i"""*, such as the 
one headed by Gene Hackman in 
“UooofmnonValor ” 

The immediate villains of the 
films are the mean, usually physi- 
cally snail Vie tnamese raMiws and 
thor officers who, in “Rambo," are 
the wdhng tools of Russian “advis- 
ers.” Seen to be even worse, 
though, because they must be re- 
garded as mealy-mouthed oppor- 
tunists, are individual congressmen 



MADRONET 34. roe de Paradis -75010 PARIS J 

so that your table may be unique J 

Sylvester Stallone 

who, 10 years ago, refused to sanc- 
tion victory and today vehemently 
deny the possibility mat there are 
still Americans being held prisoner 

in Vie tnam. 

W hy would any congressman do 
this? Stallone and James Cameron, 
who wrote Lhe screenplay for 

“Rambo," provide one lame expla- 
nation that, if 1 remember it cor- 
rectly, goes something like this: 
The war is over and done with. The 
American public has forgotten it 
and the government has other wor- 
ries on its mind. There's no need to 
create a new international crisis 
simply on behalf of a few guys who 
have been written off anyway. 

In “Rambo," this gpne-lo-flab 
congressman is a feflow named 
Murdock (Charles Napier) who, 
through Rambo’s forma colonel 
(Richard Crenoa) in the Green Be- 
rets, sends the United States’ most 
prominent pure fighting-machine 
back to Vietnam on a mission sabo- 
taged from the start Equipped 
with the latest portable weaponry, 
including an updated bow and ar- 
row, plus a camera, Rambo is to be 
dropped into Vietnam and obtain 
photographic evidence of MIAs re- 
portedly being held in a jungle pris- 
on camp. However, under no cir- 
cumstances is he “to en gag e the 

“Yuh mean I jest gotta take 
pickcfaas?” says the unbelieving 
Rambo. Thai’s right, says the con- 
gressman. Rambo, not having seen 

the pre-“Rambo" movies, doesn’t 
suspect that, should he find any 
captive Americans, the congress- 
man will attempt to destroy the 
evidence in the interests of the 
Greater Good, which is exactly 
what happens. 

If “Rambo” could make its ficti- 
tious case plausible, it would be 
beside the point that most experts 
today agree that it’s extremely un- 
likely any Americans have survived 
being held in Vietnam so many 
years after the U. S. withdrawal. 
“Rambo" suggests ihnt a n umbe r 
have not tally survived but are in 
such good shape that they can run 
fairly wdl to make a rescue helicop- 

Plausibility is not the film's 
strong point. Among other things. 
“Rambo" seems to believe the Viet- 
namese, apparently out of sheer 
Asiatic cussedness, would waste 
ihe manpower represented by 50 to 
60 of thor soldiers to guard a heavi- 
ly armed jungle prison, which con- 
tains no more than a dozen or so 
POWs used as farm laborers. 
“Rambo” is almost as opportunis- 
tic as the PAngre«man it pretends 
to abhor. In spite of everything it 

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says, it’s mudi less interested in the 
MIA question than it is in finding a 
topical frame for the kind of ac- 
tion-adventure film in which Stal- 
lone — his torso and his vacant 
stare — can do what his fans like 
best. That is, fight, outwit and kill, 
usually all by hunsdT, Awnc of far 
better armed but lesser mortals. 

Considering the extraordinary 
ratings obtained by the recent tele- 
vision showing in tire United States 
of “First Blood," it seems likely 
that “Rambo: First Blood Part It’’ 
directed by George P- Cosmatos, 
will nun into another huge, if 
flawed, Stallone j3ckpoL 

The Stallone career is one of the 
most eccentric of any contempo- 
rary film star. Though a tremen- 
dous box-office draw in his 
“Rocky" films ("Rocky IV" is com- 
ing up soon) he has made only one 
equally popular, non-“Rocky" film 
—“First Blood." in which he plays 
an emotionally damaged Vietnam 
vet who winds up fighting virtually 
every member of the National 
Guards of both Oregon and Wash- 

Everything else he has done has 
been a box-office disappointment 
if not an outright failure — 
“F. L S. T." (a decent attempt to 

make fiction of the life of Jimmy 
Hoffal, “Paradise .Alley," “Vic- 
tory” (a good John Huston film set 
in a POw camp during World War 
II), “Nighthawks" and “Rhine- 

Stallone is a shrewd film writer, 
director and actor, but the public 
seems to shy away from any movie 
displaying evidence that he ! s some- 
thing more than the physically as- 
sertive. primitive being lie seems to 
be when playing either Rocky or 
Rambo. They warn him big. agile 
and virtually mute, though not 
dumb, which is what thev get in 




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Page 14- 



Roth 15 th Seeds Beaten 
— In First-Round Matches 
T At French Tennis Open 

_ Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

AM PARIS — PascaJe Paradis of 
-Vras France delighted the home crowd 

r / 

day i M°nday by upsetting 15th sealed 
Andiea Temesvari of Hungary, 
In while American Brad Gilbert be* 
Ball came the first men’s seed to tumble 

on the opening day of the French 

Open tennis championships. 

Paradis downed Temesvari, 7-6, 
3-6. 6-3. while Gilbert, also seeded 
!5th. fell to Hans Gildemeister of 
Chile. 7-5. 7-6. 6-4. Gfldemeister. a 
— day court specialist ranked 94th in 
the world, has enjoyed some of bis 
best moments at the French Open, 
where he was a quarterfinalist in 
197S, 1979 and 1980. 

Among seeded players to ad- 

( M vance were Andres Gomez of Ecua- 
I dor. the men’s fifth seed who 
' downed Pavel Slozi] of Czechoslo- 
vakia. 6-1, 3-6. 6-3, 6-3; Sweden's 
Henrik Sundsirom. the 12th seed, 
who beat Spaniard Gabrel Urpi, 6- 
3. 6-3. 6-1: defending champion 
Martina Navratilova. 6-1, 6-0, over 
fellow American Pam Teeguardem 
and Hana Mandlikova of Czecho- 
slovakia. the women’s No. 3 seed, 
who triumphed. 6- 1. 7-5, over Mary 
Joe Fernandez of the United 

No. 4 see d Mats Wilander of 
Sweden, the winner here in 1982 
and a finalist in 1983. abandoned 
his usual baseline style and rushed 
the net with success to defeat 
Frenchman Thieny Tulasne. 6-1. 
6-4, b-2. 

L After winning a closely fought 
opening set (she won the tiebreaker 
by 7-4), Paradis lost her concentra- 
tion against her Hungarian oppo- 
nent and dropped Lfae second seL 
But. cheered on by the French fans, 
she regained her composure. A 
loose forehand and a backhand 
into the net by Temesvari gave Par- 
adis a break for a 5-3 lead. She 
clinched a berth in the second 
round on her second match point, 
when Temesvari netted a forehand. 

Siozil could do nothing right in 
the opening set against Gomez. Af- 
ter losing the first two games, he 
had a chance to break back at 30- 
40. But a netted forehand handed 
Gomez a chance to hold his serve, 
and the tall left-hander reeled off 
1 1 consecutive points to romp to a 
5-0 lead. 

Siozil then won his first gam e of 
the day. but it was too late to stop 

Gomez. In the second set, Siozil 
kept his concentration and made 
fewer mistakes; Gomez, mean- 
while, seemed distracted by specta- 
tors trying to find their seats. Siozil 
took the second set but surrendered 
the third as Gomez regained his 

Mima Jausovec, the experienced 
Yugoslav who woo- the women’s 
singles here in 1977, thrashed 
young Annabel Croft of Britain, 6- 
2, 6-0; Beth Herr of the United 
States downed Marcella Mesker of 
the Netherlands, 6-1, 6-0; and 
Anna-Maria Cecchini of Italy 

thrashed American Amy Holton, 6- 

0 . 6 - 1 . 

In men’s play. Frenchman Henri 
was die 

Leconte was cheered to a 7-5, 6-2, 
6-1 victory over American Tim 
Wilkison. The two left-handers 
traded service breaks in the open- 
ing set before Leconte took the 
12th game. From there on in Le- 
conte, who upset Wander in a 
tournament last week in DOssel- 
dorf, conceded only three more 
games to become the second 
French winner in the two opening 
matches on center court 

Navratilova, whose victory on 
the red clay courts at Roland Gar- 
ros Stadium last year won her a SI 
million bonus for holding all four 
grand-slam titles concurrently, 
needed only 40 minutes to elimi- 
nate the 33-year-old Teeguarden. 

“I was pretty loose,” said Navra- 
tilova, 28, who is bidding for her 
third French Open title. “I was 
loose warming up and my body felt 
really good. I felt almost like I’d 
been drinking.” 

Navrailova, who has won 10 
grand-slam events in her 10-year 
career, said she was hitting the ball 
better than a year ago, when she 
defeated American rival Chris 
Evert Lloyd in straight sets in the 
women's final here. 

“But that was one of my best 
matches of the year," Navratilova 
said of that showdown. “1 feel I’m 
hitting the ball better now but I 
can’t expect to repeat that again. A 
game like that only happens when 
everything dicks, when everything 
comes together. 

“But just knowing I can beat 
Chris playing the way I did gives 
me confidence that I can go out and 
do it again.” (AP, UPf) 

Celts Seek dory. Lakers Atonement 

... .i.r.^uartcr and 1 

By Anthony Cotton 

Wasfangtan Past Sender 

BOSTON — History or redemption? That’s 
wbat confronted the Boston Cdlics and Los 
Angeles Lakers as they were to begin the 1985 
National Basketball Association championship 
series here Monday. 

Last year these two teams played a sometimes 
bruising, sometimes rapid-fire seven-game se- 
; before Boston won ns 15ih league title. The 

Even some Celtics are casting a wary ffi Sntrws* ^ ^ 

toward the Lakes, who have averaged 131 court traps, 
points per postseason game. “They’ve been dis- 
mantling teams right down the line, 
dric MaxwelL 



T>» few York Tim 

Cdtics are looking to become the first team to 
repeal as champions since Boston did it in 1969. 

“ Winning, this year means an awful lot to us 
because we've got a chance to make history,” 
said forward Larry Bird “I think the Lakers 
should allow us to do that.” 

Bird was kidding, bnt Laker Coach Pat Rfley 
reacted seriously when told of his remarks; 
“There will be no allowances made this year.” 

Indeed this is the Lakers' chance to atone for 
assorted miscucs that deprived them of victory a 
year ago. Most of the errors were self-inflicted, 
mictakas such as £ar»in Johnson’s dribbling 
away the final 11 seconds of Game 2, thinking 
the scored was tied (Boston led by a point). 

“We won't have any mental breakdowns this 
time,” said the Los Angeles captain, Kareem 
Abdul- Jabbar. Johnson agreed with him. “If it 
seems Hke we’re tougher mentally, perhaps it’s 
because we are,” be said of his team’s domi- 
nance in the Western Conference playoffs. 

The Celtics certainly have historical momen- 
tum: Boston is eight- for-eighi in title series 
against the Lakers. Prior to last year’s, there 
hadn’t been a Boston- Los Angeles matchup 
since 1969. “I don’t know about those other 
series, they were so long ago,” Johnson said. “1 
do know that it’s time for this team to win a 

saxy to make traps 

-Emotionally, the LA series may be even and DnaisJohnm Bird handle the 

iore cutthroat than the one against Philly, difficulty. ore « ure . 

L _ju r . 7X ^.0 hall to help alleviate tnc pressure. 

TSreTcLer AbduUaW » 

liculariy to plaveis like Johnson and hootL wlw 
k^whow So rotate away from 
pressure. In addition, Scott 
60 percent in the playoffs, many of wkws 
taken from the outside. 

!„ ,be front court, both 

■ "»«* -4!w5 , y£iSfte »ur- 


which Boston won, four games to one. 

Much of Boston’s hope rests on Bind, who has 
struggled through the playoffs with pain in his 
right elbow and right index finger (he shot 41 
percent against Philadelphia). 

As is his custom. Bird has tried to focus some 
of the attention on others, saying Sunday that he 
considers the matchup between the Lakers 

Scott and Danny Ainge to be critically impor- ert Parish are piaywg nuu, - 

*225?**? frDm K ° nn ®' " SSl «** bciL.d- 

S.1M, rt-'.vt . - W w U D front with reserves 

however, refused to be drawn into the Stitch Kupchak providing 

“ IlSaI1 McAi«ada,n^^ng punch. 

At any rate, the series will dearly match ihe 
league's two most deserving teams. The Cdtics 
r-season record; the 

The Lakers 1 J ohns on: ‘I know it’s time for riris team to win.’ series against them, though.” 

Padres Down Phils, 7-2, for 7th Straight 

Complied by Our Stqff From Dispatches 

McReynoids hit a home run and 
drove in four runs here Sunday in_a 
7-2 victory over the Philadelphia 

first homer erf 1985. Garry Temple- 
ion, safe when Schmidt threw nigh 
to first on his ground bah, moved 
up on Hoyt’s sacrifice. Jerry Roys- 

Ler doubled to right to put the Pa- 
2-1. After Tony 


Philli es that extended the San Die- 
go Padres' winning streak to seven 

In a matchup of former Cy 
Young Award winners, LaMarr 
Hoyt pitched seven innings to beat 
Sieve Carlton. Rich Gossage came 
on in the eighth and picked up his 
13th save of the year. 

The Padres took advantage of a 
throwing error by third baseman 
Mike Schmidt to score three un- 
earned runs after Bruce Bochy 
opened the fifth inning with his 

dies in front, 

Gwynn singled, Steve Garvey 
scored Royster with a sacrifice fly 
ami McReynoids singled to make it 

McReynoids increased the lead 
to 7-2 in the ninth when he hit his 
sixth home run of the season, off 
Rocky Childress, following walks 
to Gossage and Gwynn. 

Hoyi wasn't in top form, but be 
didn’t have to be (in losing four in a 
row. the Phillies have scored five 
runs in 36 innings). 

“1 fell all right, but had only fair 
stuff.” said the winner, who scat- 
tered nine hits in his seven innings 

of work. “But I managed to get 
them out. It feels good to win with- 
out my best sniff. 

The Phils scored an unearned 
run in the second when an error by 
third baseman Kurt Bevacqua pre- 
ceded a single by Juan Samuel and 
set up Carlton's sacrifice fly. The 
losers* other run came in the sev- 
enth on Schmidt’s RBI double. 

Mds 2. Dodgers l 

In New York, the Niels took ad- 
vantage of shortstop Mariano 
Duncan's 10th error of the season 
to nip Los Angeles and end a four- 
game losing streak. Mookie Wilson 
singled with one out in the third off 
Rick Honeycutt and went to sec- 
ond when Duncan booted Kelvin 
Chapman’s double-play grounder 
for the Dodgers’ league-high 54th 
error of the vear. Keith Hernan- 

dez’s bloop doable to left scored 
Wilson and, after Gary Carter was 
walked intentionally and George 
Foster struck out. John Christen- 
sen walked on four pitches to force 
borne Cha pman with the eventual 
winning run. 

Expos 3, Giants 1 
In Montreal. Tim Wallach 
scored one run and drove in two 

with a pair of hits as the Expos won 
bird in a row — Jeff Reardon 

iheir third 
saving all three. Bill Gu Hickson al- 
lowed all six San Francisco hits, 
struck out six and walked one. 
Reardon worked the ninth for his 
12th save of the year. 

Cubs 10, Astros 8 
In Chicago. Ron Cey had two 
homers and a double and Davey 
Lopes hit a two-run borne run to 


power the Cubs to an uphill victory 
’ " ‘ Chicago tied 



French Open 

First Round 

Haas eilOemolsler.auia.0et. Brad Gilbert. 
IS. V-S- 7-5. 7-5 (7-5). 6-4: Andrus Gomez. 5. 
Ecuador, dot. Pavel SlealL Czechoslovakia. 6 
I, W. *-3. 6-3: Don Cassidy, U4- del. Klaus 
EborbanLWest Germany. 3-463. 5-7, 7-& 6-2; 
Henri Leconte, Prance, del. Tim Wilkison, 
U-i. 7-5, 6-1 6-1; Pascal Porte*. France, del. 
Ivan Kiev. Brazil. 7-5.64.7-6 (7-4) ; Mark Fiur, 
UA, del. Mark Edmond so n. Australia 6-2.74 
(7-SI. 64; Simon YouL Australia del. Mike 
Lettetv U5. 5-7. 64, 64. 64; Darren Cahill. 
Autorolla del. Mark Dickson. U5- 3-6.6-z.6-i. 
2-4 14-12; Jorge Am*. Spain. det. Givctdo 
Bar bora. Brazil. 64, 34, 74 (7-51, 6-1 

Florin Seg ar c s anu. Romania del. Paul An- 
nocona US-7-5.6-7 (6-77.74 1741,6-2; Marcos 
Hocevar.BraziLdef-Mlko Bauer, U4.6-X6-X 
44. 64; Tom Warneke. UA. det Pablo Ar- 
rava Peru, 34. 61, 64. 74 (7-5); Slobodan 
ZNollnoiric. Yugoslavia del. Stephen Shaw. 
Britain. 44, 6-2. 24^63. 84; Henrik Sundstrom. 
12.Sweden.def. Gabriel UrpLSoala 6-3, 6-3.6- 
1; Balazs T emery. Hungary, deL Thomas 
Muster. Austria. 7-5. 63. 7-5; Mats Wilander. 4, 
8wedan.deL Thierry Tulasne, France. 6-1,44, 
6-2; John Ltovd. Britain, del. Gianni Oacopa 
Italy. 6-3. 6-3. 6-T; Marco Ostala Yugoslavia 
del. Luca Battazzl, Italy. 24. 74 (9-71,74.63; 
Trevor Alter. Australia det. Matt Mitchell. 
U.X. 60. 62. 64; Tarlk BenhaWles. France. 
def.Todd Nelson. Ui-6-7 IS71.5-7.74 
3. 63; Martin Jolla Argentina def. Paata 
Cane, Italy, 7-5, 74 6-2 

kava Czechoslovakia del. Beverlev Mould, 
South Atr/ox 6-2 6-1; Emllse Rttaonl-Longa 
Argentina def. AUchaeta Washington. UX. 6 
4. 6-2; Laura Gamine. US. del. Kim Slefn- 
metz. UX.6-1. 6-1; Gafarlela SabollnL 14. A r- 
eenllna def. Lilian Dresrtwr.Swltzertand.6-Z 
6-2; Anne While. U.S, def. Susanne Srtimia 
Switzerland. 6Z 44. W7; WlrafnloWodaBrit- 
aia def. Sara Gamer. Britain. 74 17-5}. 64; 
Carllna Bassett, X Canada def. Andrea 
Betzner. West Gennanv, 74 (9-7). 74 (7-21; 
Penny Barg. U-S- def. Sabrina Gales. Yugosla- 
via. 3-6, 6-2. 64; Isabelle Cueta West Germa- 
ny, del. Elizabeth Minter, Australia 74 (84). 
5-7. 6-3; Rosofyn Fairbanks South Africa, det. 
Anne Hobbs. Britain. 7-5, 63 

Sunday’s Major League Line Scores 

Son Francisco IN 000 800—1 6 1 

Montreal 0)0 000 2ta— 3 5 0 

Kruhsw, Williams IB) and Trevino; GulDrti- 
son, Reardon («) and Rtzaerald. W—GuJIicJi- 
ran. 6-4. L— Krukaw. 2-4. Sv— Reardon (121. 
San Diego 800 048 083—7 ID 2 

Ph Undatable QIO H8 108-2 tt 1 

Hoyt. Gossage (I) and Bochy; Carlton. An- 

Major League Leaders 



First Round 

Auto Racing 

junerlcmi League 

OAKLAND— Designated Dan Meyer, fn- 
HeMer, lor assignmenl. Recalled Charlie 
O'Brien, catcher, from Huntsville of the 
Southern League. 

SEATTLE Plac e d Gorman Thomas, des- 
ignated hitler, an Ihe lS-dav disabled list. Re- 
called Rov Thomas. Pilcher, from Calgary of 
Pacific Coast League. 

T E XAS— I Optioned George wrlgni.autfleM- Oklahoma City of nw American Assocta- 
iron. Purchased the contract al Cnrts Welsh. 
Pilcher. Iron Oktahama City. 


Mullemil Footbal l League 

DENVER— Stanad Steve Price, wide rg. 


Jarvis easkoiban coach. 

the resignation al Craig Moore, baseball coa- 

Joy Snamburger, assistant women's bashei- 
holl coach. 

thy* Franklin men's basketball coach end 
Frances Buckless women's basketball coach. 

Martina Navratilova. I, U-S.det. Pam Tea- 
euarden. U5 61, 60; Betti Herr. U.S. def. 
Marcello Mesker, Hoi teKL61, 6-0; AnnaMo- 
r la Cecchini. Italy, def. Amy Hattan.UX.64U- 
I; Mima Jausovec Yugoslavia, def. Annabel 
Craft. Britain. 62. 64; Koterfna Maleeva, BuF 
garla. def. Eileen TefL UA. 63. 7-5; Adriana 
Vlltaaron, Argentina, del. Rina Elny, Britain. 
62. 60; Certle Calmette. France, def. Mer- 
cedes Paz.Argenllna4-4. 7-5; Petra Kepaeler. 
west Germany. aef. Masako YanaaL Japan.6- 
4. 14, 62: Debbie Spence. Ui. det. Dianne 
FramhoHz-Balestral, Australia 6-3. 24. 6-3; 
Ann Henrfckevm. U^L def. fva Budarava 
Czechostevakla 34, 6-3. 63; Katerina 
Skronsfca Czechoslovakia def. Helen KetesL 
Canada 64. 24. 61; Lisa Spain-Short. Ui. 
del. Melissa Brown, US. 61, 5-7. 64 

Pascal* Paradis. Franca def. Andrea 
TemesvorU5.Hunoory.74 (7-4). 3-4,63; Kim 
Sanas, ux- aef. Renata Sasak. Yuooslovla 7- 
S. 14, 6-3; Christiana Jollsujtnt, Swltxerlona 
def. Efsuko inouo. Japan. 74 (74). 62; Pat 
Medroda Brazil, def. Michelle Torres.UX.62. 
62: Kathv RlnaML IX U A. def. Tina MortiL 
zukL UJL 64. 60; Hana Mandlikova. X 
Czechastovokta, def. Mary joe Fernandez, 
U.S* 61, 74; RaHaalla Reggl. Italy, def. So- 
phie Am loch. France. 60. 44. 60; Susan Mas- 
carta. U3- def. Anne Brawn. Britain. 6X 7-S. 

Ciawdta Kohd6Kilsrtb 7. west Germonv, 
def. Shelly Solomoa UX.62.62; Andrea Hall- 

Indianapolia 500 

of finish hsSgodaYs I n d ia n ap olis 
•» car make. Overage speed 
laps com p fetad and reason far 

of Kll 
dropping from race): 

1. Danny Sulllvaiw MarrtvCaiwarih. 152582 
miles per hour (24574 kphl, 200 Ians. 

2. Marta Andre Ht Lolc-CosworTh, 200 taps. 
X Roberta Guerrero, MarrtvGosworttv 200 






HtaT StL 






Cruz Htn 






Porter Cln 






McGoa StL 






V.Hoyga PW 






Murphy All 






Walling Htn 






C Ronalds Htn 






PuM Htn 






Gwynn so 






4. Al Unser. March-Casworth, 199 lam. 

5. Johnny Rutherford. MardFCoswarth. 198 

6 Arte Luvendvk. Loto-Coswarth. 198 tarn 

7. Johnny Parsons. MarrtFCosworth, 197 

X Michael Andretti, March-Coswarth. 196 

0. Ed Pimm. Eaolr-Cosworth. 19S tarn 

10. Howdy Holmes. Lofo-Casworlh, 194 lorn 

11. Kevin Coaan. March-Casworta. 191 laps. 

IZ Dank Doty. Lofa-CoswartK 189 taps. 

IX Emerson FIHIpoidl. Morch-Casworm, 

K Bill whimnolon, Aitarctacasworth, ux 


Top ItaMien and earn lags In the Memorial 
tournament, wbJdi ceactaded Sunday on IN 
7,1 06-yard, par-72 MairfleM VUtaee Coll Club 
course bi Dublta, Ohio (o-denatei amateur); 


' G 

. I 

• C 

Hole irwin, siOOAOO 
Loony Wddklns. UOJKD 
Bill Krofierf. S37JB0 
George Bums. S2XV63 
Corev Pavln. S22.963 
Keith Fergus- S2X963 
BUI Room. 51X6)0 
Jack Renner. S16465 
Gil Maroon. S1L665 
Paul Azlnger. 312X56 
Doug Teweir. 51X856 
Mark O'Meara, 312X56 
Led Hinkle, S1XBS6 
Roger Moltble. 11X356 
Bab Munohv. 39X33 
Jim Simons. SM33 
Scalt Hack. 37433 

DA welbrfno, S 7 J 90 
Ray Flora, S7JTO 
Pam Sfewart, J7J90 
Andv North, 17370 

68- 6673-73-281 

69- 7747-74—92 

69- 71-71-73—284 

72- 7670-70-286 

73- 7249-73—286 
73-70-70-74— 2S7 
7673-7047— 288 

70- 72-75-71-288 

71- 71-7673 — S89 
67-75-71-76 — 297 

72- 70-73-75-389 

70- 73-7672-290 

73- 7673-73-291 

71- 7Q-75-75—391 
73.73.71,75— 391 

, k 
, .t 
■/ I 

(AI Weotatei h . England: Per 72) 
X-Pmu way. Britain. 537.000 75-724946—282 
Sandv Lyle. Britain. 82X000 71-69-73-69-282 
Ian VVoowom, Britain 5)4*0 77-7177) -70-383 
Ken Brown. Britain, SIOJOO 70-72-70-73-284 
S. Ballesteros. 5oaln. 510300 7671-7347— M4 
Mike MeLaan. Britain. SLIOO 72-70-70*73— »5 
J-M. Con Imres. Spain. S&OOO 71-75-7347—326 
John Bland. 5. Africa. 56X00 7647-7548-286 
Carl Mason, Britain. S4J0D 75-72-7347—387 
G. Lcvenson, 5. Africa U500. 70-73-72-73—287 
Arl Russell, UJ. 54JH 7670-7249-287 
Anlonla Garrldo. Spain, 5X700 72-7674 
Michael Kina Britain, 5X700 7670-72-7 
Davkl Fehertv. Britain, 5X700 77-70-71-7 
Bee Galtaener. Britain. 5X200 7670-7549—289 
(K-wan Ptavaff) 

Other Scores Included; 

Hugh BatacchL South Africa 7623-71-71-290 
John Jocoto. (15. 77-7447-72-290 

Ossie Moore, Australia 77-7I-70-73— 791 
Michel Tapia France 7677-714^-291 
v. Fernandez. Argentina 7348-79-71— 291 
Stuart Reese. New Zealand 77-73-70-73-292 
RKk l lai mw w v Ui 75-767671— OT 
JoS* Rivero. SMin 75-71-73-75—293 

IX John Paul Jr.MarrtFCosworth.lM tans. 


14. Jim Crawtara. Lolo-Cosnarth. 142 loos, 
efectrtcnf prabfem. 

17. Danny Onval*. Maren-cosworth. 141 
taps, enolna failure. 

IX Raul Boeset, Marcn-Coswarth. 134 laps, 
radio tar. 

19. Geott Brasnam, Morch-casworth, 129 
tans, engine tallurx 

2X Tom Sneva Eoste-Cosworta. 123 tapx 

Otago. 29; Herr. SI. Louis. 28; McGee. 
SI. Louis, at; Murphy, Atlanta. 28. 

RBls: Herr, SI. Louls.35; J. Clark. SI. Louis. 
35; Murphy. Atlanta 34; Porker. Cincinnati. 
32; McRevnal*. San Dleoa 38. 

Hits: Hen-, St. Louis, 57; Porker, Cincinnati, 
56; Cruz, Houston. 55; Garvey, San Dlega 50; 
V. Haves. Philadelphia SO. 

Deubies: Porker, Clndnnotl. 14; Gwynn, 
Son Dfcaa 13; j. Clark, SI. Lou Is. 12: Walloch. 
Montreal. ix- Madiock, Pittsburgh. II: 
v. Mores. Phlbdelehla 11. 

Triples: McGee, St. LOuM 6; Raines. Mon- 
treal. 5; Gladden. San Francisco. 4; Gwynn. 
Scm Dlega 4; M. Wilson. New York. 4. 

Heme Rons: Murphy, Atlanta, 11 ; Cev. CM- 
coga 8; J. Cior*. Sf. Louis, fc Porter, ardn- 
na»L ■: Marshall. Las Anoeles. 7. 

Stolea Bases: Coleman. 51. Louis. 29; 
McGee, St. Louts, 17; Demler, Chicago. 16; 
Gladdea Son Francisca )4; M .Wilson. New 
York. 14. 


Wos-lostrWkmtag PrtVERA: Hawkins. San 
Dtaoo.60.lJWJ.141; Hershlser. Lae Angeles. 
6X lJJOa L96; Kneopgr, Houston, 4-a 1JD0, 
M3; Andutar,ShLouts4-1. 489,110; 4 ore tied 

21. KK* Mean. Moreft-Cssworfh. 122 (ops, 
bad Unkooe. 

21 Chip GancssL March-Coswarth. 121 laps, 
fuel line break. 

2X Rkh vagter, MurrthCosnarth, 119 laps, 

2x Don wMtikigioa March-Casworth, 97 
laps faulty engine. 

2XAI unser Jr*LateCoiworiti.9l tara. en- 

26. Dick Simon. Morch-Cosworth. 86 kips, oil 
pressure problem. 

27. Bobby RahoL Morch-Cosworth, 84 laps, 
wosta pote proCMm. 

2X A_L Fayt. MardhCanwrm. 62 taps, 
faulty front wing. 

29. Tony Benerttnuserv Lota-Cosworlh, 31 
taps, broken wheel bearing. 

30. SeoH- Bravfaa MardvCosworlh. 19 Ioim 
enolna out 

31. Joseie Garza MarctvCasworth, 15 tans. 

Mrfkeoehc Gooden, New York. 75; JI>6 
Leon, Pittsburgh. 70; Ryan. Houston, 68; vo- 
tanzuefa los Anoeles. 67; sola anclnnatl.60. 

saves: Gossage. San Dtaaa 13: Reardon. 
Montreal, 12; L&SmJth. Chicago. II; Power. 
Cincinnati. 8: Suiter. Aitanta, X 


Bochta Oak 
Davis Oak 
Whitaker Del 
Cooper Mil 
Sola Min 
Bnmanskv Min 

Matttaatv NY 

Bradley Sea 
Henderson NY 
Hatcher Min 
Molhar Mil 
T abler CJe 

37 JS2 
45 J36 

SO J36 
48 J33 

34 J30 


21 51 

23 52 
29 32 
28 56 

24 44 






32. Georg* Snider, March-Chew. 13 taps, 

31 Poncho Carter, Marth-BulcX, 6 laps 
blown engine. 
















Now J array 







Tampa Bov 













1 1 ■iUnTila 










■ l 









































■ 4 *10 





Las Anastas 







San Antonia 







37 105 
39 134 
37 149 

36 144 
33 IB) 
a IS2 
39 HO 
42 163 

37 101 
41 183 
U 144 

41 147 _ 

Roos: Govts, Oakland, 39; Ripken. Balti- 
more, 31; Brunanskv, Minnesota 29; Hender- 
son, New York. 29; Whitaker. DoroJI. » 
RBls: Mattingly, How York, 38; Brunansky. 

Mi nnes ota. 31,- Davis. Oakland. 32; Baylor, 
New York. 31; Ripken, Baltimore, 31. 

Hits: Hatcher. Minnesota, 56; Puckett, Min- 
nesata 56; Garcia Toronto. 54; Wilson. Kan- 
sas a tv, S3; Bradley, Seattle, si 
Deables: Buckner, Boston. 13; Mattingly. 
New York, 13} GaettLMImesota, 11 ; hatcher. 
Minnesota It; Lemon. Detroit, fl; Mosebv. 
Toronto. 11; Orta Korea* atv, 11. 

Trtntofi Wilgen, Kansas City. I; Cooper. 
Milwaukee. 3; Butter. Cleveland. 4.- Bradley, 
Seattle, 4; Pettis. Get Hern fa, 4: Puckett. Min- 
nesata. X 

Name Rons; Armas. Boston. 13; Brin. 
OTifcY. Minnesota 12; M. Davis. Oakland. 12; 
Kingman. Oakland. 71; Barlteta. Toronto, 10; 
prestav, Seattta, 10. 

Ststae Bases: Petttt. Call tarn ta, 22; Colllna, 
Oakland, 17; Butter, Cleveteii 15; Garola 
Tarontald; Maseby, Toronto, 13; R. Header- 

dersen (7). Childrett (5) and WlrgiLW-Hoyt. 
64. L— Carlton. IX Sv— Gasscae '.131. HRs— 
Sen Diego. Bochy UJ. McReyrcifis (61. 

Los Angeles ODD 011 008— t 5 2 

New Yam 082 888 88s— 2 4 1 

Honeycutt, Howe (6) end Yecber. Srtasdo 
(Bi; Fernanaei McOcwell IS) ecd Carter. 
W— McDowell. 5-). L — Hene*cutt, 21 
SL Loots an DO* 831— 7 9 1 

aoemnoti an tw 100-2 6 1 

Cox and Porter; STuper, Franco (7). Home 
19) and Knicelv. Van Corder (81.W— Co*. 5-1. 
L — 5 tuner. 5a HR-Ontinmit,. Parker (8). 
Pittsburgh 008 0TQ 110 1-4 8 1 

Atlanta 000 000 083 2-5 II 1 

ReusrtieL Guonte (7). Candelaria (8). 
Kruwcvzk O 01. Holland tW ana Pena; Mam 
ler. Suffer m. Daemon (10) one Benedict. W— 
DeOm on . 2-0. L— Krawcyzk. 61. HR— Pitts- 
burgh, Modtock 13). 

MPUStan 148 002 108— I 10 0 

ctdoigo no ua 4 sa — 10 n i 

Scott Dowtey (61. Ross (6).DIPino (8) and 
Ashby; Fontenot Brusstar (6). Frazier (71, 
Smith (I) and Davis. W— Frazier. 3-1. L— 
Ross. 62. Sv— smith (11 ). H Rs— Chicago. Cev 
2 (8). Lopes (4). 

Toraoto too in eat— 4 to 1 

Cleveland 002 082 010-5 8 3 

Leal. Lamp (6L Lovett* (BI. Caudill (9) and 
Martinez; Clark. Creel (41 and Benton, W— 
LaveHa 2-X L-Creet (FX Sv— Owdfll (91. 
HRs— Tbronfa U Pshaw (51. Barflekf (10/. 
Oevelana viifcovfch (f). 

Minnesota 880 088 306-3 7 0 

Milwaukee 104 QM 80*— 5 4 8 

Botcher and Laudner; HTouera, Gibson (7) 

ondSImmoni-W — Htauera.2-1 L — Butcher^- 

XSv— Gibson (11. HR— Milwaukee, ^ Yount (6). 
Chicago 018 108 080-2 6 3 

Kansas City *81 »W Six— 3 5 0 

Bannister. Jomes (I) and F»; Black, Qui- 
senberrv (V) and Wathan. W— BtartuM. L— 
James. 1-2. Sv— Qufssnberrv (B). HR— Kan- 
sas Cliy. White (71. 

Baltimore 408 000 080- 4 I 0 

Californio 123 883 tto-18 10 1 

Baddlcker, Stewart (3). TMortlnez 171 and 
Dempeey; McCOskill. Clements (3) end 
Baana- W— Ctomerrfs. « L—SoMKktr. 6-3. 
H Rs—Ealttmore. Murray (61. Sheets (71, Cali- 
fornia Jones (6). Dawning (4). 

New York IBS 312 302-13 If • 

Osktaod 800 800 OIO- 1 4 I 

Guidry, shirtay (9) and wyneaar; Krueger. 
McCarty (6). Tellmon (7), BJrtas (9) and 
Heath. Tettletan (9). W— Guidry. 5-3. L-Krue- 
per.4-4.HRs— New York. Randolph (II. Oak- 
land, Murphy (51. 

Boston 0M 114 WO— 3 7 4 

Texas 108 803 91*— s 8 8 

Kisan. Stanley (I) and Suahran: Tanana 
Rozema (71 and Brummer. Stouoht 191. W — 
Tanana. 1-5. L — Ktaoa. 1-). Sv— Rozema (3). 
HRS B oston. Ho Wmon lit Rice (9). Texas. 
Johnson (71. 

Detroit 818 012 181—4 II 8 

Seattle 808 808 880-8 1 t 

Morris and Parrish; BarolOS, R-Thomas 
(6), Vando Berg (9), Stanton (9) end Scott, 
w— Morrfs.64.b- BaiviaxB-4. MR— Detroit, 
Trammell (*)- 

mtr Houston that left 
for first place in the National 
League Eak with New York. 

Cards 7, Reds 2 

In Cincinnati. Tom Herr and 
Willie McGee drove in two runs 
apiece as Sl Louis climbed above 
.500 for ihe firsi time this season. 
The Reds’ Dave Parker homered io 
stretch his hitting streak to 17 
games, longest in the majors this 

Braves 5, Pirates 4 
In Atlanta, pinch-hitter Chris 
Chambliss's bases-loaded single 
over right fielder Doug Frobd’s 

Tiger Snarls at 3-Ring Circus 

77re AssikiateJ Pros 

SEATTLE— It sparkled, but 
that was no diamond in the cen- 
ter of Bill Scherrer's blue-and- 

.... troit Tiger reliever 

furaed when he learned that his 
19S4 World Series champion- 
ship ring was an imitation of 
those awarded io many of his 

“I don't wear it anymore,” he 
said. “Maybe I’ll give it to my 


Scherrer's ring was becoming 
tarnished, so he took tt to a 
jeweler here last week, the day 
before the start of a four-game 
scries with the Mariners. The 
appraiser said that what Scher- 
rrr thought was a diamond ac- 
tually was glass, and that the 
ring was worth between $90 and 
$250. Other Tigers have said 
their rings are appraised at be- 
tween SIL500 to 53,100. 

Team members voted after 
the season to decide which 
would get full shares of playoff 
and Series bonuses and which 
would receive smaller payoffs. 
The same system was used to 

determine three ven*ions of the 
championship ring. 

Coaches, trainers and players 
Kith the club most or all of the 
1984 season received 14- Lara I 
gold rings. Players who were 
with the club at least two 
months got 10-karat versions. 
Scherrer and Rod Allen, both 
with less than two months* ser- 
vice. received the least expen- 
sive models. 

Scherrer, obtained from Cin- 
cinnati in late August and with 
the Tigers for 32 days, also was 
voted a one* third share for the 
playoffs. A full share was about 

“If they players wanted him 
‘ ill sha 

to get a full share, they' should 
have voted him a full share ” 
said Jim Campbell the team’s 
president. **Wnat does be ex- 
pect?” Campbell said that 1 18 
rings distributed within the Ti- 
gers organization also were 
awaided on length of service. “I 
know of people who’vc put in 
more years than Mr. Scherrer 
and got the same ring he did,” 
he said. 

bead scored Gerald Perry to cap a 
nd the Braves' 

two-run 10th and end 
five-game losing streak. 

Blue Jays 6, Indouzs 5 
in the American League, in 
Geveland, Toronto won its seventh 
straight on Jesse Barfield's two-out 
home run in the ninth. After foul- 
ing off seven pitches, Barfield 
.drove Keith Creel’s 2-2 fastball 
high over the left-carter Geld wall 
for his 10th homer of the year, 
extending his hitting streak to 16 
games and the Indians' losing 
streak to five. In the four-game 
series, the Blue Jays outscored 
Cleveland by only 29-23. 

Royals 3, White Sox 2 
In Kansas City, Missouri. Frank 
White led off the eighth with his 
seventh borne run of the season to 
help the Royals complete a three- 
game sweep of Chicago and extend 
their winning streak to five. 

Brewers 5, Twins 3 
In Milwaukee, rookie Earnest 
Riles had two hits and Robin 
Yount hit a two-run homer as the 
Brewers made it four in a row by 
downing Minnesota. With two outs 
in the third, Milwaukee hit for the 
cycle. Paul Mod tor doubled off 
John Butcher; Riles angled Mm 

home and Cedi Cooper followed 
are You 

with a triple before Yount's sixth 
borne run of the year made it 5-0. 

Yankees 13, A's 1 
in Oakland. California. Bobby 
Meacham went 4-for-4 with three 
RBls and BQly Sample had four 
bits as New York buried the A’s. 
Rickey Henderson, the former 
Oakland star, added three hits, 
scored twice and stole his! 3th base 
in 13 attempts with the Yankees. 
Angels 10, Orioles 4 


had the NBA’s best regular-season record; the bet But Cooper #* He might be\oo 
Lakers, with the second-best mark, were panic- Bird at the start of die game. H nufi D-u^bis. 
ulariy strong late in the season and have ob- savvy for eitira Janies Worthv or 
vioulsy carried that surge into the playoffs. so perhaps Johnson will be ine an ■ 

• There are a number of intriguing questions- Which Celtic will try to stop Vv - ^ 

Can Boston defuse the Los Angeles fast break? made 70 percent of his shots m the play oils ana 
Can the Lakers withstand the Celtics’ physical averaged 22 points against Boston in iom set- 
play? Can Boston, hobbled by assorted injuries, son’s showdown? If it’s Bird, will Ramnis anu 
hand out such punishment sufficiently? Kevin McHale resume a confrontation utat 

The defensive schemes should favor the Celt- spiced up the the 1984 finals. McHale sfiying 
ics, supposedly the more phyacal of the two ppMe of Rarobis in Game 4 may have bom the 
i«mi single play most responsible for spurring the 

But Los Angeles was not strictly a run-and- Celtics to the title. . 

gun iMm in blowing through the finesse teams Said Celtic Coach K.C. Jones: AJI i Keep 
of the West. Pan ofthe credit for the Lakers* big hearing about is how LA. wants us, how they 
numbers rightfully belonged to its defense, in can taste it. I guess it’s time to start playing. 

- ■■ 



^ ’*^s . 

^ Mo 

fn** 1 ^ 


i-xt .&yg*s « ' • • 


O* Ryne Sandberg efivested Astro shortstop Jim Pankovits 
of both bail and gjove in a collision at second base Sunday. 

Major League St andings In Anaheun, California, Ruppert T>T>'| |.t * io 

American league Jones inggeTed i ihree-nui mi iJX V/AV A O DIaJJCjJPo 

*! Division " 




















New Yortc 





Min aaubaa 



M 2 








15 27 

west DMsioa 








Kansas Otv 






























EOS DlrtslM 


Memorial winner Hale Irwin. 

Houston 4). Arizona 20 
Now Joroav an Tampa Bay 24. OT 
Batilmor* 2S. San Antanlo 10 

son. Now York, 11 











Won-last/Wiaaipg PdJERA : Lama. Toro n. 

Now York 





ta. 40. 1-000. 243; Roman kk. California. 61, 





457. 145: Gtaon. Milwaukee. 61. 433. 245; 

SL Louts 





TorrolL Detroit, 5-1. 43X 441; Ansa. Baitl- 

Phi Metohia 





mara, 4-1. 400. £21; Pgtry. Detroit, 8-2, 40X 







hoi DtvHtan 

Strikeouts; Morris. Detroit, 66; Clemens. 

San Dtaaa 





Boston. 60; fiord, Boston, 56; Bannister. Chi- 





4 Vi 

cago. 54; Hough. Texna. sx 






Sam: Hernandez. Dgtrott. 10; HawelLOofc. 

Los Maetos 





land. tO: Caudill. Toronto. 9; Moore. Call tar. 






nln. 9; Rlrtwrtl, new York. 9. 

San Francisco 





Jones triggered a three-run 
with a leadoff homer and Brian 
Downing added a three-run shot to 
rally California past Baltimore. 
The Orioles had pounced on Kirk 
McCaskiU for four nuts in the first 
inning, Eddie Murray belting a 
three-run home run, ms sixth of 
1985, and Larry Sheets hitting a 
bases-empty shot, his seventh. 

Rangers 5, Red Sox 3 
In Arlington. Texas, Cliff John- 
son’s three-run homer in the sixth 
gave Texas a sweep of its four-game 
series with Boston. The Red Sox 
have dropped 1 1 of 14. 

Tigers 6, Mariners 0 
In Seattle; rookie Chris Piuaro 
drove in three runs to back Jack 
Morris's five-hitler as Detroit won 
its fourth straight Pitching his sec- 
ond consecutive shutout, Morris 
walked four, struck out nine and 
went the distance for the fifth time 
this season. (AP, UPI ) 

Irwin Wins Memorial Golf by 1 Stroke 

DUBLIN, Ohio (AP) —Hale irwin look the lead from Lanny Wadlrins 
with a nro-shot swing oq the fourth hole and went on to a bne-stroke 
victory Sunday in the Memorial golf tournament 

^klS-year veteran needed only a dosing par-72 to register his 17th 
PGA vKtoiy and his first since the 1984 Bing Crosby NationS. twTn won 
with a 281 total, 7-under par, and joined Jack Nickkus, the tournament's 
rounder, as the only two-time Memorial winners/^ uumaroeni s 

Wadldns had a one-stroke lead when final-dav olav bemn h.,t w, 
when he bogeyed No. 4 from a bunker and Irwm sa4^n iSl 

Proud Truth Takes Peter Pan Stakes 

th ' ta- .0 

ftoud Troth, carrying 116 pounds and ridden by JoS ? VdlSL 
covered the miles m 1:47-3/5 over a fast vemsquez. 


" *1 


ltiwouki an k> me ms popersera nmr 

YUH4|(i irasxam ■v-.'o-mn 
.10001 U.SA ' 

-- \.r. 


t- ■■■■■■ 

r ■ 


Statistics lodes 

AMEX ancas Pj— EominM itwu p.« 
AMEX MSMAMitPr- Fltoo ran nttf*| Ps- 
HYSC PflcK Pv- Cold moffcote P.IS 
. hyse nmmbus Pj— turns rota* p.u 
Conodbn Mods P.U Market mnrary P^- 
v corranevratu P.U Orthm pm 

C amm naww P.U OTC stock pj— 
*vU«d* Pi— Other nwrtrtt P.U 

TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1985 

71 gi OTmgWVALAta *g 



Page 15 

ti Hhiy; ( iran 


New Links: Chicago-T okyo 
And Philadelphia-London 


New York Tuna Sendee' 

N EW YORK — The universe of financial options and 
Futures trading expanded further last week, as the 
Philadelphia Stock Exchange and the Chicago Mer- 
cantile Exchange moved to establish ties with markets 
in London and Tokyo, respectively. f-Hst Thursday, the Philadel- 
phia. and London stock exchanges agreed to form what will be, in 
effect, a single market in British pound options. If the arrange- 
ment is successful, the Philadelphia exchange's other foreign- 
euxreocy markets may be wedded to London's. 

A day earlier, the Chicago Merc obtained the right to trade 
futures and rations based on ■ 

two major Japanese stock j i_u j 

market averages, the Nikkei nuladapniaana 

^OvaMfceweekead, Leo Me- London OTC to form 

lamed, the former chairman of a sfnr dft market 
the Chicago Merc who was the # “ 

architect of ftnanrial futures, in pound options, 
and his friend and longtime r r 

adviser, Milton Friedman, a 

winner of the Nobd Memorial prize for economics, were sched- 
uled to gp to Tokyo to discuss further ties between the Chicago 
exchange and the Japanese financial community. 

Soon, top officers of the Philadelphia exchange will also be 
heading toward the Far East. But not before the oldest United 
States and British stock markets forge their Hnlc, Mid Nicolas A. 
Giordano, president of the Philadelphia exchange, which was 
established m 1790 and patterned after the London market 
“What we and our friends in London are doing is creating one 
market in British pound options, where buyers of contracts in, 
say, London, can sell them in Philadelphia and vice versa,” he 
said. ‘Trading will be in dollars and the trades cleared by 
London’s International Commodity n wiring House, and our 
target opening day is Aug 30.” 

U NTIL then, Mr. Giordano and David Steen, chairman of 
the London exchange’s rations committee, win have to 
design an operating plan that can meet the a p proval of the 
Securities and Exchange Commission, the Commodity Futures 
Trading Commission and the Bank of England, which performs 
more or less the same regulatory duties in Britain. 

“Our discussions with the top people in all three regulatory 
bodies thus far have been most encouraging,” Mr. Giordano said, 
t . “Now what we two exchanges must do is design a trans-Atlantic 
JL trading system without tax loopholes, and we are sure we can.” 
Meanwhile, in a move full or symbolism, Clayton K. Yeutter, 
the administration’s choice as new UR trade representative, 
performed his last act as president of the Chicago Merc last 
Wednesday by signing an agreement with Takashi Suzuki, direc- 
tor of the Nihon Kdzai Shrmbun’s Data Bank Bureau, that gives 
the Merc rights to trade futures and options based on the big 
Japanese financial publishing house's market averages. 

William J. Brodsky, Lbe Chicago Merc’s new president, said his 
exchange would first trade futures on the Nikkei 225 and 500 
indexes, and then options on these futures. 

While the opening trading date has not been set, the Mac 
plans to sublicense the two contracts to the Singapore Interna- 
tional Monetary Exchange or Simex, with which it established a 
link last September. 

But Mr. Melamed, who is still the most d ominant figure in the 
industry, although he prefers to be known as simply the head of 
. his trading company, Dellsher Investments, has grander plans for 
r his exchange. ...... 

“For years, we have known that the Far East will be the growth 
area for our industry from here on out,” Mr. Melamed said in a 
recent interview in Chicago. “That’s why we worked to get the 
connection with Simex. This October, Tokyo is expected to open 
(Continued on Page 16, CoL 7) 

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"A* - 

Goldsmith Sets 
A Peace Accord 
With Zellerbach 

7* * 

Hjfli * r \.P**r*. • — 

Th* Ntw York Tim 

Kiyoshi Inoue, president of Inoue Japax Research and Japax Inc. venture companies, at the Inoue plant in Yokohama. 

Venture Firms Face Hard Times in Japan 

By Susan China 

New York Tima Service 

YOKOHAMA, Japan — All day long, 
researchers wander in and out of their glass- 
walled laboratory here, running the experi- 
ments that turn (Hit several new inventions 
each day. They have no regular assigned 
hours and no dress code, and work on a 
bonus system with only modest fixed salaries. 

Outside, they can see what looks like a 
Japanese-style doghouse, complete with tiled 
roof and four cats, a tribute to the company 
president's affection for felines. 

The president is Kiyoshi Inoue, an eccen- 
tric Indivi dualis t. And his two companies — 
Japax Inc. and Inoue Japax Research — are 
not only unconventional, but standouts as 
well in an economy where freewheeling ven- 
ture businesses are rare. His companies are 
often dted as among the few here truly en- 
gaged in high- technology research. But he is 

among the first to say that in Japan, the 
environment for venture businesses is harsh. 

His assessment is echoed by many busi- 
nessmen and government officials. Small 
businesses devoted to developing high-tech- 
nology products face a formidable number of 
social and economic obstacles, they say. 

Top university graduates still shrink from 
working fen- any out the largest companies 
and managers sml frown on the mobile em- 
ployee. The venture-capital industry is under- 
developed and cautious. Finally, Japan’s tax 
system and capital markets provide few in- 
centives for potential investors. 

“1 am not confident about the existence of 
a venture boom,” said Hideyuld Yamamoto, 
chief economist of the industrial research 
division of the Long Term Credit Bank of 
Japan, the first company to establish a ven- 
ture capital business, in 1972. 

Last year, the bank conducted a survey of 

nearly 200 venture businesses, and some of 
tbe findings were not encouraging. 

Compared with American venture busi- 
nesses, said Toshiaki Tanaka of tbe bank's 
industrial-research division, a typical Japa- 
nese venture was more often a spinoff from 
an established business or the result of a 
traditional company switching its product 
tine to a high-technology one. Japanese ven- 
tures also grew more slowly and achieved 
fewer technological breakthroughs than 
American companies, he added. 

No one is certain how many genuine ven- 
ture businesses exist here, but officials at the 
Ministry of International Trade and Industry 
say that perhaps only 300 are actually high- 
technology ventures. 

If a company does have new technology, it 
has little chance of receiving money untifit is 
two or three years cJd. Few of Japan’s 40 or 
(Coafrned on Page 16, CoL 7) 

By Richard W. Stevenson 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — Crown ZeOer- 
bach Carp, and Sir James Gold- 
smith, apparently coming to peace 
terms after a five-month battle for 
control of Lie forest-products con- 
cern, have announced that they will 
cooperate in restructuring the com- 

In a joint statement. Crown Zel- 
lerbach and Sir James said Sunday 
that they would “work together to 
maximize shareholder values 
through restructuring Crown Zd- 
lerbach” and that Sir James would 
be elected to the company's board 

In return. Sir James, who owns 
slightly more than 25 percent of 
Crown Zeflerbach's outstanding 
shares, agreed to several restric- 
tions on his ability to increase his 
stake in the San Francisco- based 
company. Ah litigation between 
the two parties has been suspend- 
ed, the statement said. 

Sir James had run for a seat on 
Crown Zeflerbach's board at the 
company’s annual meeting on May 
9. The results of that vote have not 
been tabulated but a Crown Zel- 
lerbach spokesman, Lawrence 
Kurtz, said that it was likely that 
Sir James had won a seat. Sunday's 
statement said Sir James would be- 
come a board member without 
awaiting a final vote count. 

Mr. Kurtz said that Crown Zd- 

Slump in Chip Sales Brings Threat of New U.S.-Japan Dispute 

New York Tima Service 

TOKYO — New trade frictions 
between the United Stales and Ja- 
pan seem Hkdy to break out over 
semiconductors as demand slows, 
world prices fall and tbe trade defi- 
cit with Japan widens. 

Hie UR government recently 
acVi-rf Japan to consider advising 
maken to slow their investments in 
searicondnctois, a proposal Japan 
greeted coolly. Some UiL makers 
have even suggested import quotas 
for semiconductors, tbe electronic 
drips that process or store data in 

And some analysts express 
broader concerns — that the Japa- 
nese cbm makers’ market strate- 
gies, including large capital invest- 
ments, may propel titan ahead of 
their US counterparts. 

“What is happening in semicon- 
ductors is no different from what 
happened in autos, steel, textiles or 
any thing else — a basic Japanese 
marketing strategy that produces in 
volume, boys market mare at low 
prices and then marks up products 

later,” said John P. Stem, senior 
representative in Tokyo of the 
American Electronics Association, 
an industry group. 

“Isn't it time far the United 
States industry to think up defen- 
sive measures to cope with it?” 

UR makers are also worried 
about indications of Japanese ad- 
vances in producing logic dims, a 
type of semiconductor in winch the 
united Stales has generally held 
the lead. Japan is already consid- 
ered to be dominant in another 
major type of semiconductor, the 
memory chip. 

In the first quarter of tins year, 
dw UR trade deficit with Japan in ; 
cbxps was $193.4 million, up from ' 
$163.4 minion in the quarter last 
year, according to statistics com- 
piled by Japan's Ministry of Fi- 
nance. The overall trade gap was 
$11 billion fra the quarter. 

The deficit broadened even 
though Japan shipped 4 3 percent 
fewer chips to the United States 
than in the 1984 quarter, a reflec- 
tion of lower overall demand. Dur- 
ing the period, Japan’s imports of 

UR chips were off by 1 8 J percent 

UR chip makers and trade offi- 
cials argue that if snmi-thrng jj 
done, the slump in the UR indus- 
try, mid the continued imbalance in 
semiconductor trade, will breed 
fierce new conflicts. 

According to estimates by the 
Semiconductor Industry Associa- 
tion, a California-based trade 
group. Japan last year expanded its 
share of the U.S. market to about 
18 percent, from 13 percent, while 
'the UR share of the Japanese mar- 
ket, about 11 percent earlier tins 
year, is falling. 

- On a recent trip to Tokyo, liond 

Olmer, under secretary of com- 
merce fra international trade, said 
that Japanese companies had made 
efforts early in 1984 to order UR 
chips, but that these orders had 
started to drop off by the second 
half of the year. 

Mr. Olmer said that industry 
pressure was growing to take actum 
against Japan, with makers fearing 
that a Japanese buildup in opacity 
at a time when demand was slow- 

ing would enable them to flood tbe 
mark et with inexpensive chips. 

Plant and equipment investment 
by the Japanese semiconductor in- 
dustry in the fiscal year ended in 
March increased 60 percent, to 
more than $3.6 billion, according 
to the Japan Economic Almanac, 
published ycariy by Japan’s leading 
business newspaper, Nihon Keizai 
Shhnbun. The chip industry be- 
came Japan's largest capital inves- 
tor last year, the Almanac reported 

“We are concerned that tbe tre- 
mendous capacity buildup occur- 
ring in Japan could in fact swamp 
us,” said Warren Davis, a spokes- 
man for the Semiconductor Indus- 
try Association, in a telephone in- 
terview from California. 

Tbe Japanese government, how- 
ever, has declined to ask the indus- 
try to reduce investment. 

“Do you believe that Americans 
could ask that in the name of the 
United States government?" asked 
Makoto Kuroda. director-general 
of the international trade policy 
bureau of the Ministry of Interna- 
tional Trade and Industry. “We 

consider the matter of investment 
adjustment tire essence of a free- 
marfcet economy,” 

Clyde Prestcwvitz, counselor to 
Commerce Secretary Malcolm Bal- 
drige, said, “It’s not the burin ess of 
the United States government to 
tell the Japanese bow much to in- 

Yugoslav Economy Mired in Heavy Foreign Debt 

Inflation and Dwindling Currency Reserves Add to F ading Hopes for Upswing 

(a! Commercial IroncM Amount* needed to tw one pound tc) Amount* needed to buy one 
Honor (-} Units oi WO (xl Units ot IMOtY) Unltsaf IOOOO HA: oat aenttd; HA.: notavoOabte 
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By Richard Balmforth 


BELGRADE — Soaring infla- 
on, poor export performance and 

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Aram. MSS 51200 Flo. markka M3 Malay, rtm. 20] 5. Kar.woa 17300 

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Brazil crez. 129000 toda. rmkih 1,11400 ParLaacada 17200 TMMit 27095 

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sstarfliw: utHirWil 

Sources: Banaue do Benelux (Brussel*); Banco Qmmerckue ttaBona (moan); Banaue Nth 
tbnoto departs (Paris); IMF (SDR); BAII (Otnar, rfyal (SrnamL Other data from Reuters Mt 

Interest Rates 

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PA M— cy Market F— 4* 

May 2* 

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TatoroH UMroct Rota tndun 7055 
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LyamoH. Uona BOOK Book of TBtYB. 

Markets Closed 

. May 24/ May 27 

7A CRft 
HomKom 31475 . SUB —US 

Lnentan otjh — ' +200 

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Uuatmbouru, Ports and London offf&oi fix- 
Mm Kano and zurid) aeenAp and 
tSeedto odees; Mew - York Cemex comm 
contract. ABprices In UJLSoer ounce. 

Financial markets were dosed Monday for holidays in tbe United 
States, Britain, West Germany, France, Switzeriand/Souih Korea, Aus- 
tria, Bel gi um, Denmar k, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Norway; 

hopes fra an upswing of its debt- 
burdened economy. 

At the same time, negotiations 
with creditors on a multi-year debt 
relief package have bit snags with 
the mainly Western creditor gov- 
ernments oo<ti to the idea and com- 
mercial banks who have questioned 

rescheduling terms. 

The bad economic sews fd- 
lowed last year's encouraging signs, 
including a S7 50- million current- 
account surplus and reduced trade 

Yugoslavia has embarked on sq 
export-oriented, long-term plan for 
economic recovery to help sustain 
payment of hard-currency foreign 
debts of 518.8 billion. 

In exchange for pledges to make 

Dollar Is Mixed 
Jh Tokyo , Milan 

Untied Press international 

LONDON — The dollar 
dosed slightly lower Mionday in 
Tokyo and slightly higher in 
Milan, the only two major mar- 
kets open for trading. 

AH U.S. markets were dosed 
for the Manorial Day holiday 
and other European markets 
were shut fra Whit Monday, 
lbe dollar's rise was seen as a 
continuation of a strengthening 
in New York Friday mat took 
lbe dollar to 3.0805 German 
Deutsche marks, a key techni- 
cal levd. 

Many UR and European 
dealers expect the dollar to rise 
when markets reopen Tuesday. 
These dealers cite a decidedly 
mere optimistic tone to tbe 
market and tbe fact that there 
are no UR economic reports to 
be released until later in the 
week. In Tokyo the fefl slightly 
to 251.40 yen from Friday’s 
dosing rate of 251.425 yen. In 
Milan the dollar finished at 
1,975 tire, up from 1,96830 on 
Friday. Trading was tight on 
both markets. 

internal adjustments to its econo- 
my, Yugoslavia has won Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund support for 
coordinated debt-rescheduling 
packages by its creditors. 

Fourteen Western nations, Ja- 
pan and Kuwait, and 600 creditor 
commercial banks rescheduled Yu- 
goslavia’s debt repayments in 1983 
and 1984 agreements. 

Now the country is seeking a 
multi-year package fra reschedul- 
ing debt due between now and tbe 
end of 1988. But tbe specter of 
rampant inflation is casting a shad- 
ow over Yugoslav efforts to revive 
an economy characterized by slug- 
gish production, imprudent invest- 
ment in high-risk ventures, internal 
“illiquidity" of the national curren- 
cy and companies that by Western 
standards seem chronically over- 
manned and poorly run. 

Creditor governments, whirh do 
not usuaDy grant multi-year resche- 
dulings to debtor countries, have 
agreed to reschedule $800 million 
to $900 million of Yugoslav debt 
falling due up to May 1986, but 
have postponed a decision on debt 
due up to 1988. 

Commercial bank creditors have 
agreed in principle to the idea of a 
multi-year rescheduling but the 
two sides now are haggling over 
interest rates for refinancing $3.4 
billion due up to 1988. 

Earlier this month, the Bureau of 
Statistics said that the annual infla- 
tion rate was 85 percent and gov- 
ernment officials have said that 
three-figure inflation is around tbe 

“We have no way out if inflatio n 
remains so high," said the national 
bank governor, Radovan Malric 

Many officials have said that the 
price spiral was inevitable after 
IMF mastenoe that ar tificial price 
restraints be abandoned. 

' (prices in SAz.). 

The lifting of a price freeze on 
Jan. 1, releasing what one official 
described as “pent-up inflationary 
pressures,” triggered a substantial 
price boom. 

Sticking to commitments made 
to the IMF, Yugoslavia has raised 
interest rates on fixed-time depos- 
its to 70 percent to tie them closer 
to the inflation rate. 

But with inflation surging so rap- 
idly, many experts have said it is 
doubtful that this will encourage 
more people to save. 

Officials are worried about tbe 
prospect of keeping social peace if 
living standards in this nation of 22 
million people continue to slide. 
They have dropped 50 percent in 
four years. 

Prime Minister Mflka Pianinc . 
told The New York Tunes earlier 
this month that the faltering econo- 
my had broagbL the country “to the 
point of a rather dangerous limit of 
what people will tolerate.” 

The government has returned the 
prices of 18 groups of industrial 
products to Fbbniaiy levels after 
they had risen more than 20 per- 

cent in the first four months of this 

Diplomats have said that Yugo- 
slavia has much ground to cover to 
improve hs poor export perfor- 
mance. Plan figures envisaged ex- 
port growth of 12 percent for the 
year, but there was only 1 -percent 
growth in the first quarter. Imports, 
due to rise by 6 percent for the year, 
were op 10 percem. 

The situation prompted Mr. Ma- 
lric to tell parliament on May 14 
that foreign-currency reserves were 
sinking to a dangerously low levd. 
Export performance was a severe 
handicap, he said. 

But other officials noted that the 
economy traditionally gets a see- , 
ond-half boost from tourism and 
agriculture. ! 

vest, but if you can see ahead of you 
a potential firestorm, yon have to 
think about how to deal with it” 

Japanese officials say, however, 
that a substantial number of the 
semiconductors counted as Japa- 
nese exports to the United States 
are made in Japan by Japanese sub- 
sidiaries of UR companies. 

Mr. Davis said that although 
some members of tbe Seuuconduc- 
Lor Industry Association favored 
quotas, others opposed them fer- 
vently, arguing that the UR com- 
panies with chip plants in Japan 
would be hurt 

Others believe that for the UR 
industry to remain competitive, 
broader measures are necessary. 

Fra example, said Mr. Stem of 
the American Electronics Associa- 
tion, UR semiconductors are equal 
in quality to the Japanese ones, but 
tbe Japanese perceive their prod- 
ucts to be superior. 

“The United States industry 
would achieve more long-term 
sales results in Japan if it spent 
more money advertising the quality 
of American chips and less money 
lobbying in Washington," he said. 

Other analysts beheve that some 
of the worry may be premature, 
because Japanese chip expons to 
the United States have begun to 
drop as part of a general slump in 
the industry. 


At US. DOLUS CASH $1046 



d= MULncunagcY bonds sioj2 

& SlBBlNG ASSET £1072 


TEL 053427351 THBt 4192063 


lerbach expects to file a formal 
statement regarding its restructur- 
ing with the Securities and Ex- 
change Commission within IQ 
days. Under the restructuring plan, 
which Crown Zellerbach proposed 
in late April, lbe company would 
be left in three pieces, with share- 
holders keeping a stake in each. 

Sir James has said he generally 
favored the restructuring, although 
he disagreed with some elements of 
the plan. 

Tbe agreement come after a 
meeting on Saturday in New York 
City between Sir James and Wil- 
liam T. Creson. Crown Zdlerbach’s 

The fight over Crown Zellerbach 
began in December when Sir James- 
revealed that he planned to assem- 
ble a significant stake in the com- 
pany. At tbe time, Crown Zdler- 
bach's stock was trading at about 
$29 a share. In early April Sir 
James began a S42.50-a -share bid 
for tbe company, but Crown Zeller- 
bach rqected it as too low, adding 
that it would consider offers of S60 
a share or more. 

The Goldsmith offer was com- 
plicated by Crown Zdlerbach’s - 
“poison-pill" provision, enacted to 
make it prohibitively expensive Tor 
a hostile takeover suitor. 

In late April Crown Zellerbach 
proposed its restructuring, which 
would split the company into a 
liquidating limited partnership 
owning Crown Zdlerbach’s timber 
lands; a separate, publicly traded 
concern whose main business' 
would be packag in g ; and the re- 
maining paper operations of the 
original company. 

After Crown Zellerbach made its 
restructuring proposal. Sir James 
canceled his bid and rqected an 
offer of two seats on the board. 

He took his fight to the annual 
meeting, but apparently lost there 
in his allemm to rescind the ooison 

pill and to place three candidates 
on the board — although his stake 
in the company was probably 
enough to ensure his own dection. 

Crown Zdlerbach’s common 
shares closed at $40.75 in New 
York Stock Exchange trading on 
Friday, down 25 cents a share. 







Enquiries to: 

2 Rue de la Fan. 
Telex: 25869. 

Tel.: 021/20 17 41. 



!m*> i "on no a Miwxini 

swnin. n . rt 

C*-i I a ll — ■ p™ 11 % m il t a I‘w4n da 

pool MlniuniMu a.p. nua 
mMMntanaai ra_ 562 671X2 

degrees- 1 

1 XK* jgSl— 

I kehrew-westeiwuhwhb^ 

1 "ggjsSJiflsL 

At the Annual General Mee t i n g held on 7 May the aharaholdara 
approved the accounts tor the year to 31 December 1984. They 
also approved the payment of a net dMdend of BF 96 per *part de 
rteerve’, as against BF 90 for the year to 31 DeeemOer 1983, and 
BF 1Q7.5 on the AFV ‘parts de reserve’ created at the time of the 
capital increase bi November 1083. 

International bv 
Coy -Cock 
Inte rn a tion a l nv 

5% 6 K 
2% 3*4 

The improvement In the Com- 
pany's results Is due to a 
marked rise in dividend income 
(+25.9%) coupled with a major 
reduction in interest and com- 

proposai to amend the Com- 
pany's articles. As a result, the 
Board is authorized to effect 
one or more capital increases. 

REPORT 1984 

up to a total of BF 10 billion, as 
and when required and as per- 
mitted by the state of me mar- 
ket Finally, the meeting also 
passed the proposal to set up 
an Advisory Board with effect 
horn 6 May 1986. This Advisory 
Board will comprise a maximum 
of 18 members chosen from 
shareholders' representatives 
and leading figures In Belgian 
and foreign economic circles. 





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250 - 40 o 

7 30 900 
500 700 

„ _ Gdtt 3 UUD- 3 U {)0 


Q1I Cm i, Saffttotarf 
TaL 118251 - T«fex 21305 

Quotes a of: May 23, 1985 

Investors seeking above average 
capital gains in global stock 
markets can simply write us a 
note and rhe weekly 
will be sent free and without 

First Commerce Securities bv 
Hereagracht 483 
101 7 BT Amsterdam 
The Netherlands 
Telephone: (0)3120 260901 
Telex: 14507 fircp nl 

Following the new public offer 
of ‘parts de reserve' made in 
1984 Soci6t6 Gdnfrale's own 
funds amounted to nearly BF 40 
bffllon as at 31 December 1984. 
The two capital increases which 
have taken place to the test two 
years have boosted the com- 
pany's own funds by BF 12J369 
bIHon. At the end of the 1984 
financial year the co m p an y's 
investment holdings were esti- 
mated at BF'57.3 baton. 

The subsequent Extraordinary 
General Meeting rat i fied the 

The Company’s Annual report can be obtained from Soctitt 
GinArafe de Belgique, 

Information Department, Hue Royale 30, 

B-1000 Brussels or from Banque Beige LitL, 

4 BishDpsgatB, London EC2N 4AD (tel. 1/2831080), 
using the reply coupon below 

i Surname, 

■ Forename^) — 


j Capacity „ 

| Cdmpany/Orgertization 

J Address .... — 

S Post Code. City — 



day. • 

l l 

l< — 

. F 

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Page 16 


international funds 

Quotations Supplied bv Funds Listed 
24 May 1985 

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_ S 1647 -fwlOBLlGESTION. 

_ J 91.65 — Iw) OBLI-POLLAP 
S 150.90 — Iw) OBLLYEN. 


BRITANNI W»OB 171 . St. MeUor. JerSfV _U ] PAROILfUNO.- 

-|w) BrltXtollnr income *0|» _ia ) parintERFUND— — 

— (n! BrIIS Manao-Curr — Id I PAR US Trwssuv Bond. 

-Id) Bril. InttS “ 


— |W) u. — . 

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BSB5£SE==. TO 4S iHSf»SvK^ •« 

I Bril, intis Monowwlf *\fS9 on W *i r nFCANADAFOBWUJUERNSEY 

I Brit. IntU mowPolt CIOS' ROVAL^WM^W^a,, $1142 

I Drtl.ynwersalGrewlh SUM SSSBcSSSS^F*— ?gg! 

C1J.I5 -Hi»l RBC Inti CemW Fd. 

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Zid > Brit! WorS Tectm. Fund StLlU SKANDIFONOINTLFUNDMI-B-Zl^g, 

— Iwllnc.: Bid 

j 37 jj — iw)Acc;Bld $5.19 Offer 



I j | 

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-id) Band Valor Yen- YnnMUM _ w , MWrt Bad OM UJJ 

5F HBJB ^}wi SHB mS’croSmt Fund 



-id Enende— Valor — |F 16U0 , „„ venal Bond Select.-. SF B5J5 

-SilffiS: =m= g^dSiSMSEBta=v , 5KS 

—Id I Pocllic —Volar . 


Ha i Oxi centra . 


— Id I Aiyim US. Sh. ggg-g 

DM9248 -Id » gnnd-lnyast- .. — SF 14440 
DM ri_ua — jjj , p araa Swiss Sh. gj: jSjgj 

z!Sjr^«Kai ffit: pool. $e$M»~ uni|^ ™ ENT f - gJUs™ 

Ej|? » s = MB 

=i-i fIce^S = IJJ" Other Funds 

— Iw) F&C Oriental. 

iw) Actibands investments Fund. 1 7149 
fidelity POB 670: Hamilton Bermuda , ( Actives) Inti - — — % ‘VS 

-iml American Value* Carnmon- S BSJ7 (m , AIIIad Lld . *-** 

—lm) Amer Values Cum-Prsl — $6592 tw) Aaullalnte 


— iml American values * ,STui tm) allwa *- ,a - t, t-.^ S « .ttJo 

—Em) Amor Values CumPrel — * 10'S* tw) Aaulki internetlonal Fund— J ™ 

-Ed ) Fidelity Amer. Awets- * “92 (r ) Arab Finance t.P 

— td 1 FtdeUtv Australia Fund !*■?! ■- . * l «“i ;-?£ 

—id ) Ftdelihr Australia Fund , S inji 1 Arlene iseisi ‘ * Skm 

—Ed j Fidel i tv Discovery Fund 5 1S*“ Iw) Truslc or intlFi (AEIF) 1 lJJS 

-Id ) Fldelltv Dir. Svvs.Tr-- 1 Igs? (W ) bnp Interttmd Fund S 06J5 

-Id ! FldeEltv Far Fail Fund J704S lw ) ftoml^lex-lsme Pr.— SF 1K» 

— Id I Fidelity mil. Fund— — *«■*[ im I Canodo GftFMartwive FC 

— \d ) Fldollly Orient Fimd- S26J6 w i cadlol Preserv. Fd. Inti- 

— la ) Fidelity Frontier Funa 5 UJJ ciwdol Fund-——— 

— id I Fidelity PtrciHc Fui^— _ — S132B2 (u j CJJL Australia Fund — 

—td 1 Fidelity PociHC t-una—-— * (d ] CJ JL Austro ua rw 

— id I Fidelity Sue I.GrawttiFd 5i*Ji i<j ) CJ.R. Janan Fwid. 

—Ed ) Fidelity wand Fund * 3i« (mi cieveiond Offsbo™ 

SF 135.75 
S 142 

Id > I I.K- Jouan rwiM- L.vira 

Cm) Cleveland Offsimru Fd. — I. 1 ??]-™ 

FORBES POBB87GR AND CAYMAN I?! gr>y?r t f SeC ** r ^ ^ - S 86276 

London Agent 0l«9-3073 {5, rSJSSi' FaTimTACStsIII- I’JS 

— iwl Gold income—-- SJ4S. J“J u iml B cSis 426.94 

—iwl Gold Aporeddlion 

— iwl Dollar Income 

— un) Strategic Trodlno. 

S7JJ5* Ewl Convert. Ftt. inn A i^rrs 
S4.IB Iw) Convert. Fd. inn B Ceils 
S 840* iwl O.G.C. - — — 

S 8140 

5132 Id 5 Dlwitter Wld Wlpelvt Tst— _ *162* 
lb ) Orakkar Invest. Fund N.V_ 1 1.148J) 

id) Drevlus America Fund * WB9 

S 341-55 ld ) Dreyius Fun d inIT . S J8J0 


—iwl Easi inveslmenl Fund > *4'-“ id I Drey lu* Fun d inn . . — J “S 

— Iwl Scottisii World Fund— £]]A50 (w) Dravhn intercontlnent- S35J2 

—Iwl Stale St. American __ — - * *6444 (w > The Estrtl snrnenl Trust * 1->3 

Capll.Guld.LULLoaAoeniJl -*914230 (d I Eurooe Obi loal tons — . *0-7* 


PB 119. Si Peter Port. Guermev. 04B1-2B715 «*> » Qnr sror l 

im) FufurGAM SA. 

IitOGAM A rbitrage Inc. 
fw) GAMerlca Inc- 

4 11007 I** 1 Finite rv Grouo Ltd.. 
t 2147 Iwl Rxed income Trans. 
tiMJ8 iwl Fans* lex Issue Pr — 
411442 j** ■"“ , 

Iw) GAM Boston me. 
(w) GAM Ermilaea. 

3 118.7B 
- S10J4 
SF 21640 
3 73B 

iw) GAM Franc-vaL 

YiSS — %an 

Id ) GAM International Inc * J0745 “ j p^t,.T^intenlns DM 4243 

iw) GAM North America line-. S105OS i ESSmannH WmU N™ S 11446 

iw) gam n. America unit Trust. 
Iw) GAM Podflc Inc 

Iw) GAM Sleri.B Inti Unll Trust, 
im) gam Systems inc. 

ioIuMd Iwl Haussmann Hides. N.v. 
k a. is Iw) Hesfla Funds— 

13340 a iwl Horizon Fund. 

Iwl GAM Worldwide Inc. 

Iml GAM Tvcbe SA. Class A 

— Iw) Berry Poc Fa. Lid.. 

SIMLM im) IBEX HoldintB Ltd 

5 4071 lb 1 1 LA inti Gold Bond. 
S 113.00 Id > Interfund SA 

4 1.158-58 
SF 10746 
— *948 
4 304.78 


business roundup 

Italy Told to Consider 
2d Bid for SME Group 

—la > G.T. Aoollad Science — 
—Id ) G.T. Aseon H.K. GwlitFO 
— iw) G.T. Asia Fund. 

—Ed > g't Australia Fund 
—Id ) G.T. Europe Fund 

Iwl imermarVel Fund — -.T— ii 
Id Hnferminlne Mul. Fd.CI. B— M7J.W 

S947* (r ) inri Securities Fund -.*»■» 

11543 (d I litvesta DWS OH*J5 

$13.12 (r I invest Allantlaws * ' 7.H 

5 448 ir J Hal fortune inti Fund SA 4 1248 

■8 YJW IT J I lUIIDliVIIE I'll • riNAi 

3 2571 (wi Japan Selection Fund 3 

—id I G.T. Europe Fund— — 4I0J4 [wl Japan Podflc Fund .ilEHS 

H(w] G.T. Euro. Small Cos. Fund _— SI14I (m) Jeffer ptni Inti. Ltd——. S 

—Ed I G.T. Dollar Fund 3 1444; id J Klein wort Benson ml I Fd. — sna 

—Id I G.T. Bona Fund. 3 1043 iwl KJainwort Bens Jop. Fd VM? 

—Id 1 G.T. Global Technics Fd — S 12.99 iw) Korea Growth Trust — — 4941 

_u iftT u— .Ch.i Pnthlliuwr S744S IM I I ilrnm Fund 

— Id) 0.1.1*10001 leomiBT r-u^_ iwi mhcv uiuvii 

—Id > G.T. Honshu PattUlnaer s 2448 (d ) Lelcom Fund — — 

— Id) G.T. Investment Fund— 5 1847 (w) Leverage Can HoM 

— la I G.I. mvesimeni runu * iwi Lcmwc 

—Id ) G.T. Jaoan Small Ca-Fund — Sffl45 id ) Uqulbaer. 

—Id ) G.T. Technology Fund 5 TSaB iw) Luxtund— 

— (d)G.T.SouIi> China Fund *'*" ‘ 

J «U» Iw) Luxtund 

s 1471 (m) Mdonofund N.V.. 


3 1745.10 
S 141240 
. S 6948 

_ S15LZ7 

. .0743 

Berne. ^P.O . Box 2M2. Tel 4131 224051 ( d ) NikKo Growth Pockaoe Fa *9«i67 

=8 Saf1BSSEz= BftB is! iilsis.*.— 

-{dllldcJfeuS. ■■=: * $ 1^71 

^jraiSMiCAlZ V™ W ) Pocmc Horizon .nvg mgg 

* iwi ninoi i-uiiw — —— rr. 

« Iwl Novoiec investment Fund — - S 9620 

* (w) NAJVLF 1344.95 


Irj PorSTSw.'R Etf Geneva 
•• • i Fur 

34 Seale SLSl. Heil^jOne-to** 


S{!llc«*% iwtPscS^’uSdTrv:- 


Id | short Term 'A' (Accum) 3 14732 (0 1 Putnam Iml Fund 

—id ) Sfiorl Term A' iDistri S14I93 (b ) Prt-Tech 

_ $340345 
$ 1577 

ir > Formal Value Fund N.V. 
$9,774 lb I Pleiades 

SF 147740 
. $1456.73 



ZiS 1 liSrt T?S tAteurnlH 4 1 J3H w Ouonhjm RSdTLV 

Tjijpagas g™ 1 — *m js!gs;s§? — 


_ LF 249740 

— lb ) J.F Japan Trust 

Id I Reserve Insured Deposits- S 1002B 

... - -fate SF 1064D 

, Luxembourg — $1043 

(w) Seven Arrows Fund N.V $ 84476 

— lb ) J.F South East Asia 4 3i94 (w) 5*^ Arrows Fund N.V— — . $ 84426 

— Ib 1 J.F Jaean Technology — Y 21.314 (w , state St. Bank Eaully HdasNV SVJD 

— |b IJ.F PadHc SecilAcci * 5J3 |w) Strategy Investment Fund— 3 2055 

—lb I J.F Australia 4471 M , syntax Lfd.'ICiass A)' 18J9 

LLOYDS BANK INTU POB 438. Geneva 11 H TeObw Grawttl F^d ___^SF 0746 

• iw) L la yds Inri Dollar $110.10 "{ Tokvo Pat Holi ISeaU— **M* 

<w, LJovds inn Europe SF 1 U40 jw| y$SgSfME=2. ^ 
31800 Id ) Turouoiy^urvd ^ 

1 inn Europe — 

j Inti Growth — 

KM LJovds Infl Income 

w) LJovds inti Growth |F 18340 W I r ™“??^f!i ,Kl IKLT2 

Iwl LJovds Inri Income— 5F 318W ■ U ?—'. ■■ rir^S " cri 
■Iwl Llovds inn IL America- S 04J0 fwoodv-Browne n.v.a^A *11 
iw) LlovdS Inn Pacific SF 13350 ri—~tv.Browno n.v.LJassu s 1 J 

— Kw) Lkwds InTI. Smaller Cos. 

—id) Class A 

— Iw I Class B - U5. 


— Iw ) Class C - Japan . 

(wl Tweedy. Browne n.v.Classa 3 509.09 
iml TweodY-Browne IU.K.I n.v. $140040 

Id I UN I CO Fund DM"" 

Id > UNI Bond Fund $1. 

lb 1 UNI Cteltol Fund $ 3— — - 

Iw) Vonderhllf Assets 333-53 

-Jii-ss iwl vonaeranr«5sms— 

-177.50 (ml winchester Dlvefsffled** — $ 21-46 
I ml Winchester Financial Ltd.—— $ 949 
tw) Winchester Holdings FF^QLBJ 

Id ) World Fund 5LA 51144 

Iw) Worldwide 5ecurllles 5/S 3W- S41K 
(w) worldwide Special S/S 2W . 3 158576 

DM — Deutsche Mark; BF — Belgium Francs; FL — Dutch Florin; LF — 
Luxembourg Francs; SF — Swiss Francs; a — asked; + — Offer Prlces.'b — bid 
change P/v 510 to 31 per unit; njl — ndi Available; N.C. — NatComimmicated;o— 
New; S — suspended; S/S — Slock Spilt; * — Ex-DIvldond; ■* — Ex-Rts; *** — 
Gross Porformonco Index April; ■ — Reaempl-Prlce- Ex-Coupon; — Formerly 
Worldwide Fund Ltd; ® — Otter Price lncl. 3°h prelim, charge; ++ — dallv stock 
price os on Amsterdam Stack Exchange 


ROME — An inierrainisterial 
committee decided Monday that 
Italy’s stale-owned holding group 
should not proceed with the sale of 
its food group. Society Meridionale 
Fmanziaria SpA. until it evaluates 
a last-minute counter-bid. 

SME is controlled by Insntuto 
Rjcos truzionc Indus trial e, which 
agreed last month to sell most of its 
stake to Finanziaria Buitom SpA, 
an international manufacturer and 
distributor of foodstuffs. 

The committee had been expect- 
ed Monday to approve or reject 
Buitoni's 497-billion-lire ^S247- 
million) bid. 

But on Friday, an anonymous 
consortium made a counter-bid of 
550 billion lire for SME IRI has 

Indonesia to Ease 
Oil Industry Rules 


JAKARTA — Indonesia soon 
will announce measures to simplify 
and speed up import procedures 
for the oil industry to encourage 

S ’ adon by foreign contractors, 
to. the mining and energy 
minis ter, said Monday. _ 

Customs checks on imports of 
drilling and exploration equipment 
will be waived following recent de- 
regulation measures at Indonesian 
ports, he said. . 

Mr. Subroto also said tbat 
shorter and simpler procedures will 
be introduced to reduce import 

declined to name those who made 
the rival bid. But Ilalo Scalera, a 
lawyer representing the consor- 
tium, said Friday that same of the 
bidders were SME suppliers. 

The state participation minister, 
Oelio Darida, said that officials at 
Monday’s meeting were sympa- 
thetic to the sale of SME to private 
interests. But be said that no deci- 
sion would be made until IRI had 
examined the alternative bid. 

TRJ said that it had not been 
given a deadline for submitting to 
the government its examination of 
the consortium's bid. 

Earlier. SME management told 
Mr. Darida that they favored an 
agreement with Bui tom. **1110 only 
possible Italian partner with a sig- 
nificant international presence is 
Bui tom." SME said in a Telex to 
the minister. 

A spokesman for Builom de- 
clined to comment on the commit- 
tee's decision. Buitoni is owned 

through a bolding company by 
Carlo de Benedetti, the industrial- 
ist who also heads Olivetti SpA, the 
office products and electronics 

Trading in SME stock was sus- 
pended Monday on Italy’s eight 
stock exchanges. A spokesman Tor 
the Milan bourse, the nation's larg- 
est. said that the suspension was a 
routine action pending the commit- 
tee's decision. 

Meanwhile, a state, law official 
on Saturday ordered an investiga- 
tion into negotiations between 
SME and Buitoni to look for possi- 
ble market malpractices relating to 
SME shares. 

Japan Will Ease Controls 
On Its Shipping Industry 


TOKYO —Japan will ease controls on its shipping industry to help 
operators remain internationally competitive, sources at the Ministry 
of Transport said Monday. 

They said the derision would be made after the mmistiys advisory 
panel, the Council for RationaHzation of Shipping and Slipbuilding 
industries, presents on June 5 its proposals from a study begun in 
April 1984. 

The panel is expected to urge the ministry to ease its current policy 

and allow Japanese shipping lines to reoigamze into six major groups 

to increase then* ability to compete 
The ministry would then allow the leading operators in the six 
groups to reduce their stockholdings in their subsidiaries to make it 
easier for them to raise funds, they said. Under current policy, six 
leading tines own more than 30 percent of the shares in their groups. 
The ax are Nippon Ynscn KK, Mitsui OSK. Lines Ltd, Japan Lme 
Ltd.. Yamashita Shmmhon Steamship Co„ Kawasaki Risen Kasha 
Ltd- and Shows Line Ltd. 

The rigid system has made it difficult for shipping companies to 
raise funds through convertible bond issues and new dares, the 
sources said. „ 

The advisory panel's proposal will also pave the way for the six 
operators to save the Japan-North America route independently, 
enabling them to offer more flexible sendee. Since 1968 the six tines 
have operated a group space-charter system in which they divide 
cargo among the vessels of different companies. 

Japan Venture Firms 
Have an Uphill Battle 

(Continued from Page 15) 

so companies mvolvid inuring ^ " JapS^S 

venture companies will back start as Mr. qf 

up busin^r^fe^S 10 « l left what he W 
for more established companies. Nlit!i0 bisht Heavy Industrie*. 

Mr. Yamamoto said. The surt-ups venture businesses 

usually turn to family or fnends. Succesdol also tend to 

"The venture-capital business in ]«* where 

Japan is still in the cradk. Jg* [SSfoSliIrfdominaies. An warn- 
Teqi Unahara, president of the Ja- their pwflg.^ Cc ^ Hiroshima, 
pan Associated Finance Cony an>. pie » the ^ on w3 f crs mio 
a venture-capital firm founded m which v is ^ ^ U!iW j by 

1973. chips. Motorola and 

When Mr. Imahara became pres- Texas lnstru w .,„ on «wim 

ident of his company six years ago 
he went to the United Slates to 
learn from the venture capital gi- 
ants in Boston, New York and San .. ^ successful compa- 

Frandsca He believes that so far stav ^ and contract out 

tbecountcroans in Japan fall short. manu f 3 i;tunnf. a strategy em- 
The government is trying to help , ^ by Mr. 1 nouc’s com panies , 
some <rf the more promising yen- l. - j noue is onHid of his uwepen- 
turc companies. Ichiro Nakajuna , ■ Japan's lergfi compa- 

of the Mnistry of International . ^ una >nvcniional raanag6 

Trade and Industry said the agency { slv j e 3n j prtxlucis sudn as 
was trying to enconrage scissors with an extra-hard btaue 


Barlow Rand Ltd. said its earn- 
ings for the first half of the fiscal 
year fell 10 percent- to 67.7 South 
African cents (34 cents) a share, 
from 75.7 cents a year earlier. It 
$aid it anticipated that its ordinary 
dividend would be maintained at 
70 cents for the full year. 

1984 after a 1.4-biUion-peseta loss 
in 1983. 

L.M. Ericsson, the Swedish tele- 
communications company, said it 
has signed a 17-million rial ($4.7 

businesses by guaranteeing loans 
up to 5400,000. 

The program, begun 10 years 
ago, had a shaky start — 85 percent 
of the companies it tried to help 

eventually! ailed. Now, however, 
the government has learned to be 
more selective, and more compa- 
nies have survived, Mr. Nokajuna 

that the Bank uMapan uses to 
destroy old ven bills. 

He said he did not want too 
many employees and encourages 
S members to d ^or] pro- 

jects bring in much money. 1 
want to become poor and sndi 
for new technologies to survive, he 


; in '(Smaii. Options Markets Are Linked 

Exnpresa National de Fertiti* 
Tantss SA, Spain’s slate fertilizer 
company, said it had a net profit of 
145 million pesetas (SS33.000) in 

telephone exchanges 

Inco Ltd said it had reached a 
tentative contract with union nego- 
tiators representing 7,377 workers 
at its nickel operations in Ontario 
and that ratification votes were 
scheduled for Thursday. 

Japan line Ltd. said it had 
readied an agreement with Ever- 
green Marine Corp- of Taiwan to 
start a joint irans- Pacific liner ser- 
vice beginning in April 1 986. 

Raute Oy of Finlan d said it had 
received an order worth over 200 
million markka (531.1 million) 
from the Soviet Union for a plant 
producing wooden prefabricated 

Sunshine Australian Ltd. said it 
and several other Australian firms 
had formed a consortium that will 
sign an agreement with China to 
explore for oil on Hainan Island in 
the South China Sea. 

(Continued from Page 15) 

its first financial futures exchi! 
and we think someday a sir 
arrangement can be worked out 
there os wdl.” 

While Tokyo's proposed ex- 

dunge_will initially only trade Jajp- 

allow their nation's institutional 
and other monev managers to 
hedge their growing bond portfo- 
lios in such markets, then why 
should they oppose similar risk- 
transfer markets in shorter dcbl 

| New U.S. Orders 
j For Factoiy Tools 
Plunged in April 

.Vfw }ori Timci Service 

NEW YORK - Orders for 
American-made machine tools 
plunged 34J percent in April from 
March and 27.5 percent from April 
1984. the industry's trade associa- 
tion said Monday. Analysts 
blamed the dip on increased for- 
eign competition and the strength 
of die dollar. 

•‘March was an unusually strong 
month, producing an end-of-quar- 
ter surge that was not repeated in 
April" said James A Gray, presi- 
dent of the National Machine Tool 
Builders' Association, winch issued 
the report. 

The level of new orders of ma- 
chine tools, which cut or form met- 
al used in products ranging from 
automobiles to aircraft, is consid- 
ered an indicator of businesses' 
plans to increase production. Until 
recently, domestic machine-tool or- 
ders have been rising following 
near-record lows in 1983. 

Net new orders in April slid to a 
level of S183.S million, from $253.1 
milli on in the same period last year, 
and from S279 3 million in March, 
the report said. Order backlogs rose 
to S1.88 billion, from $1.87 
in the previous month. 

anese Treasury bond futures, 
Melamed expects the ban on trad- 
ing in overseas futures markets also 
to be lifted soon, "or the big Japa- 
nese financial houses wouldn't be 
buying up seats on the Chicago 
futures exchanges" 

The Merc does not expect to 
benefit from the flood of Japanese 
bond hedging and speculating in 
Tokyo or anyw here else, because its 
mat exchange is the world’s lead- 
ing market for long-term Treasury 
futures and options. 

"Bui we are the biggest futures 
and options market in short-term 
Treasury and private debt issue*, 
such as Eurodollars.*' Mr. Me- 
lamed said. "If Japan's Ministry of 
Finance, which until now has 
steadfastly opposed any kind of 
financial futures trading ai Home or 
abroad, now deems it prudent to 

Dubai Reportedly Plans 
To Create Own Airline 


BAHRAIN — The Emirate of 
Dubai plans to establish its own 
airline in a move that aviation 
source* on Monday described as a 
blow to recent attempts to coordi- 
nate air travel policies among Gulf 

The sources said that Dubai, 
widely seen as the most indepen- 
dent of the seven emirates forming 
the United Arab Emirates, had 
agreed to buy two Boeing 737s and 
was seeking io buy an Airbus. Gulf 
Air, in which die UAE government 
owns a one-quarter stake along 
with the governments of Bahrain, 
Oman and Qatar, now « the major 
carrier in the UAE. 



MO« 24 


OtrtlOfl & 



Price CaU*— Lmt 





T2J00 Brfttui Pound Keott oer «lH. 


too r r r 




US r . r r 




I25J7 120 r SOS t 

12547 125 240 S-UJ 7.15 

I2SJ7 I* 045 3 jo r 

1 2547 US r 118 170 

56406 Canadian Oallan-canti per mMI. 

1.90 540 
4.70 r 




































42400 West German MorXKwm per unit. 

















IA 5 

































123400 Franck Francs-lOtni of a ceal per aelt 
FFronc IQS r 4.10 r r r 

4430400 Japanese yw-IOOMh of a cent per unit. 
jYen » 0.91 r r r r 

yim 40 SL3S 197 147 041 046 

3943 41 OJH (L56 T t ' r 

3945 42 r 0* - ' ' 

43408 Swiss Fram-cents per unit. 

















































Total call WL4432 CaQ ones M. 20431 

Total put eoL 34)3 , __ _ Pal 'OMR lot 144483 

r—Nat trodod. s— No apflaa offered, o— Old. 

Last Is premium (purchase price). 

Source: AP. 

for you. 

Small space 
advertising in 
the International 
Herald Tribune 
is less expensive 
than you might 


For price 
details call these 
numbers or 
your nearest 
IHT advertising 

Paris: 747.46.00 
London: 836.4802 $ 

New York: 7523890 
Frankfurt: 72.67.55 
Hong Kong: 5.420906 

An Invitation 

to Oxford. 

The International Herald Tribune and Oxford Analytica 
present a Sperial Conference on 
The International Business Outlook. Christ Church, Oxford, 

September 19-21, 1985. . 





; = 3 £-\ic- 

s "t*. 

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f/o* ’ 


~ ■.t 'Lf . V.y ' ^ 


. **b * ' m ' r - A 

. Sjf-VvXslfl^ 

If you still believe in me, save me 

For nearly a hundred years, the Statue of Liberty has stood 
as America's most powerful symbol of freedom and hope. Today 
the ravages of harsh weather and pollution have weakened her. 
Sections have already been declared unsafe and dosed to visitors. 

The Torch of Liberty is everyone's to cherish. Your dollars 
are needed now to keep it burning bright. 

To make your tax-deductible donation, call 1-800-USA-LADY 
Or write: The Lady. Box 1986. New York, NY 10018. 


© 19S4 Tht Sian* ui Liberty - Ellis [bland Ruiud-iimn 






kel> \ |*| k 

1 Vestments 
-. 6 Dads 

*"* 9“ Blue?” 

(apt 1929 song) 

12 Vigilant 

13 One minus one 

14 Coaster 

15 Relating to 

16 Chooses 

17 City Kilauea 
threatened in 
1984 s 

18 Directive at 

28 Actor Walter 

21 Canal to the 
- 22 Purls 
-4 24 Lodging for 

49 Mend 
52 Hyson and 

54 the finish 

55 D.C. suburb 
SIS African fox 

62 Tortoise’s 

63 Kind of race 

64 McAuliffe's 

65 Author Homer 

66 Emulate 

67 Support for 

68 Electric unit 
68 Crosses 





l'"« »’.!!.•« run lifc 

28 Houston 

30 Medical suffix 

31 Folk follower 
33 Cognizant 

37 Least possible 
39 Digressed 

41 Garb far 
Galba’s wife 

42 Cry of dismay 

44 Ye 



45 Kind of jelly 
47 More 




2 Mixed bag 

3 A symbol of 

4 Of an epoch 

5 Lob or putt 

6 Wen liked 

7 Oppositionist 

8 Sonnet’s 


9 Excuse at 

18 Brouhaha 
1! Matinee stars 
13 Pinocchio’s . 

14 Spar 
19 Novelist 
' 23 Tot 

24 Changing lines 

on dresses 

25 Leave oat 

26 Japanese 


27 Follows too 

29 Salk sought 

32 Norse regal 

34“ Want for 


35 Counsel, once 

36 Fulda feeder 
38 Lanai neighbor 
40 Analyze ore 

43 Football play 
46 Bowman 

48 Bond held bya 
third party 

49 Cheerful 
59 Come • 

51 Type of board 
53 Tied 

56“ a good 

day l” 

57 Olympic queen 

58 “When I 

was ..." 

59 Cfoy 

69 Argus features 


© New York Tbnes, edited by Eugene Material. 



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JT fe &PTWO 
S0 TH4T I'M 

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WITHER... AN 1 XtL 60 OKAY? 4 ' 



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Unacrambte ttwse four Jumbtos, 
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tour ordinary wonri 








Page r 





Now arrange tits circled letters- lo 
form the suprtea answer, as sug- 
gested by the above cartoon. . 



(A na we ro tomorrow) 

Answer: A counterfeiter to the only man in the world 

who makes more money than this— 



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Pair. T«tna.M— 8 m—B4l. MANILA: Pair. Temmaa — 36 (9i— 8). SEOUL: 
FW. TeStS! »"is «1 -SW: SINGAPORE: Fair. Temp. 30—3* (86—73). 
TOKYO: Rdn.Tefim.H- 1? 177— 

Wbrid Stock Markets 

Via Agence France-Presse May 27 

Qadng prices in local currencies unless otherwise indicated. 

Bk East Ado 
China Gas 

2L2D 77 JO 

CMno Ltotrt 

}$z »• 

Green 1 

Hang Sang Bank 

HK Electric 
HK Realty A 
HK Holds 
HK Land 
HK ShonaBank 
HK Telephone 
HK Wharf 
Hatch Whomnoo 
Kowloon Motor 
Miramar Hots I 



. Overseas 
. IK Proas 
Sartre Pacific A 

Toi Cheung 
Wing once 

World Inti 


1S70 138B 
L50 8J0 

SO 51 
2 1075 

8.15 130 
11 JO 11.80 
37JB 37 

5J5 5J0 

B 8J5 
91 94 

8J0 __ 

23.10 2U0 

are ore 

(LBS 097 
II 1130 
lL4e 1220 
9 JO 9 JO 
36-50 38 

7 7 JO 

2.15 ms 
lire ure 

73-50 73.90 

1J3 1J0 

7 JO 7 JO 
2J0 220 

2025 2JS 

Haag Sana Mdex : 155770 
prevfem : UH« 


Aneto Amerten 
' Ann Gold 

De Beers 
Prtoto n lefci 

BA Brews 
SI Helena 

West Hoidlng 

815 JOB 
2870 2870 
18100 10000 
1258 1240 
1400 1420 
8400 ISS 
HM6 1075 
SOSO 5100 
1750 1750 
■Man 305 
2900 2923 
4 ffl 445 

7935 tax 
1340 N-Q. 
5700 5775 
1625 1675 
820 B28 

3800 3800 
685 885 

8650 usa 



stock uriea : rare 

Banco Comm 


□uohut s is 




19900 19700 

W» ^ 

goo 2280 
S«00 10400 
14050 14300 
3300 3211 




Mol cement) 


i W maWilwl 





5nJo . 



NjQ. 70-25 
47710 48010 
8080 8100 
93700 93500 
1479 14T 
87200 85300 


1719 1727 
M45 6585 
2480 2480 
7WW 73380 
799.75 801 

ZI80 2W5 

3255 3273 
1571* 15740 
2940 2925 

Cato Storage 

HOW Par 


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snare Land I 
snare Pres 
5 Steamship 

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2-50 ZSl 
£.10 6J0 
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2-33 7J7 

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2J7 2JV 
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105 208 
3 3 

4.10 4.10 
L08 UJ* 
448 4JD 
207 110 

Thomas Hatton 194 192 

Western Minina 465 415 

Westnoc Banking 418 421 

Woodsjde ire ire 



Asahi CMm 
A*ah! Glass 
Bank of Tokyo 


Dd Nippon Print 
Da two House 
Dahaa Securities 
Fall Ba«. 

Full Pinto 
Hitachi Cable 


87t 885 

MB 814 
523 514 

1230 1210 
1440 - “ 

sram Times lad iodn : 51*51 
P r evi ww : 81M4 






235 242 


458 482 

830 632 




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270 272 

212 213 


200 303 

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450 445 


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Japan Air Line* 
Kamal Power 
Kawankl Stool 
KIrtn Brewery 
Kotn ulsu 
Matsu Elec Inds 
Matou Elec Works 
MUsutrirei Bank 
MUsubkM Cham 
Mitsubishi Elec 
M«*u«jhi Heavy 
Mitsui and Co 


ngk insulators 

Htoson Kaeoka 
Nippon Steel 
N ip p on Yi— i 
Nomura Sec 
P looser 


Shi mmy - 

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Sumitomo Benk 
Sumituuo Owm 
swiutoow Martoe 
Sumitomo Mdal 

vn 1 840 
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830 a 
8840 8410 
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77B 388 

700 70S 

1330 izn 
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311 305 

1709 1W0 
147 147 

695 885 

441 441 


770 784 
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Tokyo Elec. Power 

Tokyo Marh. 
Tappan Prlnttae 
Toray tori 



sn 584 

87} 878 

1049 KQS 
880 863 

IS 153 
285 271 

615 613 

1080 11P0 
1240 129 

’S2 ^28 

935 998 

941 938 

750 745 

945 Ml 
4140 4880 
1W0 1788 
2SS 245 
641 643 

149 149 

230 23 

481 460 

5150 5180 

1970 1920 
884 869 

STB 080 
415 481 

1270 1370 
720 725 

NUdeM/D-L Ilia ; 
Prevteg* : I2593JS 
New India ; 989.42 
Pravloot : 918.13 


Hja: not ouderii NA: not 
oaeuaoce; »a- e»«iviaefid. 

Canadim stocks via AP 

S08 Addonris 

2750 Agra Ind A 
~r AH Energy 

ISI57I _ _ 

2990 Alta Mid 
300 Alas Cent 
140* AtoamaSt 
300 Andrew A I 
19488 Araeon 
41 Argus C pr 
600 Aten I f 
8C02 BP Canada 
85136 BoafcBC 
126540 Bank NS 
3500 Bam CkD 
13151 Bonartzn R 
1200 Bnrleme 
13503 BCFP 
30775 BC 
36200 BC Phone 
7150 Bnmswk 
9435 Budd Can 
48700 CAE 
13300 CtWstb B I 
25100 Cod Frv 
1700C Nor West 


3227 Can Trvet 

80S C Tuna 
'■ Bk Can 

247205 Cl I 

1500 Clin Nat Ret 

line utn i 
249900 Cara 
271 Criam 
1D0DC DbttJA 

3200 CTL Bank 
400 Cnirmest A 


13852 Crown* 
16909 C»ar Res 
33400 Doan Dev 
500 Doan A 
9350 Den toon A a 
19829 Den toon Bf 
3650 Devefaxi 


142 Dl 

2804 Dorm A 
10316 Dofosco 
80a Du Pent A 
2750 Dylax A 
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S16to 1646 I6V 
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S25 25 25 

S2SW 25 2 SW 

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*35 34V3 35 + W 

15* 5*5 546+ 1b 

ST2to 13W 12*6 
143 133 142 +7 

445 435 435 + 5 

480 480 480 +5 

ST7V6 1716 17J6— «b 
S946 9M 946+ 16 
349 245 349 +10 

S22W 22V* 2216 
*15 14W 1£H + .16 

S2746 27 2716+116 

$1746 1616 1746+ to 
*7746 77* 2746+ 46 
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*3716 3646 3666-46 
*14 1316 1316+ to 

*3416 334* 34 + to 

27 27 27 -3 

no 946 916+ to 

SISto W* 1B46 _ 

SMto HV6+to 

S7y, 7 lb 7lb+to 
tsv. J1A S’A 
89 5 5 - to. 

S1D66 10to IBto 
5W 84b 84b-to 
380 370 370 —5 

sn* u to im . 

*1916 1946 1916+ 16 
205 200 200 —5 

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39S 395 395 +t0 

*1346 13* 13to 
Si 746 1216 1246+ Vi. 
JTA 7V6 716 

16to 846 Sto+to 
56!* 6 lb Ato- V6 

239 230 230 —5 

5251b 2416 2516+ to 

10700 EfflW 
3275 EouHv i 


ore fca mn _ 

5653 C FQ tarn C 
42900 Flenbrdae 
5300 Fed Ind A 
9130 Fraser 
2400 Gear Comp 

10200 Geacruto 
sap coi dear p * 
300 Goodyea r 
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3S0 Gran&te 
3300 GL Forest 
200 Hawker 
3506 H Boy Co 
399709 ImoKO 
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11257 intoni C« 
16050 1 nil Tham 
11820 inter Pipe 
7230 Janneck 
MOD Kara Kotki 
4837 Kerr Add 
30090 Labati 
100SS8 Loe Marts 
200 OLacano 
17388 LL LDC 
3400 LobJaw Co 

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30700 MICC 


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SW* lOVb IflW 
296 290 296 + £ 

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5714 7V6 
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62 62 
£8 60 
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OS4b 2Sto 251b 
M8 148 MB +6 
SWto 1946 1946- to 
51146 1016 10*+ lb 
5T7 1646 1*16+ to 

5271b 26to 27V*— lib 
5154b |5to 164b + to 
S16K 16 
S19U> W 

JS* s'* — 

53916 39>b S9to+ to 
S14to - 14to 1A6 + to 
119 118 118 - T 

*1416 144b I44»— to 
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133 »to 30 — 7 
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STB. 66to 66>b-31k 
*!7to 173, !»»•- 
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3J0 32S X2S - 5 

71b + 16 

60 —3 
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16 + to 

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4281 MolsonAI 
100 MoisonB 
4020 Murahy 
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13600 Oshciwa At 
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7661 Sherri H 
400 Slater Bf 
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112081 SWcoA 


1990 Taro 
5644 Ted* Cor A 
11714 TeckBt 
3800 Tec Con 
23592 Thom N A 
60055 Tor Dm Bk 
106025 TaratarBf 
18920 Trlnttv Res 
8225 TmAlta UA 
66019 Ti-Con PL 
5112 Trim oc 
5690 Trtrec A f 
33605 Tartar 
1500 Un Carted 
10988 U Entprte* 
30B8U Kane 
4706 Verst I A f 
200 DVestgran 
5000 wei dwad 
3173 West min 
4568 Weston 
326300 Woodwd A 
2400 Yk Bear. 



By Douglas Reeman. 294 pp. $16.95. 
William Morrow, 105 Madison Avenue, 
New York, N. Y. 10016. 

of Napoleon. Reeman has followed in C. S. 
Forester's wake with 10 nautical novels written 
under the pseudonym Alexander Kent. And 
for those who like to ba 

Reviewed by Martin Morse Wooster 

A MEXICANS have always thirsted for tales 
/Vof the British Empire. Fran the ft 

first ap- 
pearances of Kipling and Conrad to more 
recent successes % Paul Scott and J. G. Far- 
rell, the current of romances of British imperial 
intrigue has remained strong. While novels of 
British imperial decline arc more popular at 
the moment, the English produce a smaller, but 

steady, flow of adventures describing their im- 

k of Douglas 

penal successes. Consider the case 

Reeman is a historical novelist, with nearly 
30 books published, who specializes in novels 

about the Royal Navy. For those who like to 
rid Wa 

relive World War U, Reeman has produced 
more than 3) novels with such forthright titles 
as “Go In and Sink. 1 ” and “With Blood and 
Iron." For those who prefer relaxing in the age 

Solntkm to Prevkxs Puzzle 






































T A 

□EJ03 □□□□□ 




















































bask in the glories of the 
reign of Queen Victoria. Reeman has begun a 
third series, of which "The First to Land" is the 
second volume. 

The novel 

in the waning 

veteran of the Crimean War of 1854. is worry- 
ing whether he will be the last in his hue to have 
a distinguished military career. 

His son. David, is certainly an avatar of the 
milit jv virtues. As the novel opens. Captain 
David Blackwood has, at age 27, already won 
the Victoria Cross, the empire’s highest honor, 
for his gallant actions at the battle of Benin on 
the west coast of Africa. Put under his com- 
mand is bis cousin. Rail, a ne'er-do-well who 
has already fallen under General Blackwood's 
stem eye for his gambling debts. Together, the 
Blackwoods steam toward a new assignment: 
China, where Chinese Nationalists who are 
worried that their country is to be divided 
among the great powers have united to expel 
the foreign devils. Blackwood's mission is to 
aid European and American forces trying to 
break the siege of Peking, where the European 
legations have been surrounded by the Boxers. 
. “The First to Land" suffers from one major 
flaw. The novel is told entirely from the view- 
point of Blackwood's Royal Marines. Ree- 
man's treatment of women is similarly per- 
functory. The heroine. Countess Friedrike von 
H riser, whose husband is trapped in the Ger- 
man legation in Peking, is thrown in almost as 
an afterthought. 

Still, there is much in “The Firs' ,o Land" to 
recommend. Reeman does a ? jod job in cap- 
turing the milieux of the period, from tne 
necessity to appear in dress uniforms whenever 
possible to the camaraderie between soldiers in 
an age when goals did not have to be defined 
by memoranda and position papers. 


Martin Morse Wooster is Washington editor 
of Harper's magazine. He wrote this review for 
The Washington Post 


By Robert Byrne 

T RANQUIL level positions 
are, for most players, not 
easy to play. They don’t exdte 
or inspire and there are prob- 
lems singling out reasonable 

It is frustrating to mentally 
work through a line of play and 
to discover that the end pos- 
tion is as even as the stare. This 
is, of course, just what must be 
expected when a level position 
is handled correctly by both 

One cannot succeed on the 
tournament circuit by agreeing 
to a draw every time a leva 
position comes up. It is neces- 
sary to persevere with feinting 
and racking about until the less 
resolute or less alert opponent 
weakens in the struggle and 
gives you winning chances. 
Ibis is what happened in the 
a me between Robert 
uebner, a 36-year-old West 
German grandmaster, and Ma- 
nuel Rivas, a 24-year-old Span- 
ish international master, in the 
Linares International Tourna- 
ment in Spain. 

Against 4 B-B4, which used 
to be played frequently by the 
British grandmaster Anthony 
Miles, the most reliable defense 
is what Huebner chose in this 
game,4 . . . B-N2; 5 P-K3. B- 
K2. One nuance is that 6 N-B3 
would get White little or noth- 
ing after 6 . . . N-R4; 7 B-N3, 
P-Q3; 8 B-Q3, N-Q2; 9 Q-B2. 
P-N3. Black's idea is to wait 
prudently for 0-0 and wily then 
lake the bishop-pair 
with . . . NxB so that White 
will not be permitted an open 
KR file for his KR. 

Thus, Rivas paused for 6 P- 
KR3 to preserve his QR, but 
this gave Huebner the time for 
6 . . . P-B4; 7 N-B3, PxP; 8 

PxP, 04). He didn’t have to fear 
9 P-Q5 because 9 ... PxP; 10 
PxP, B-N5 would have created 
powerful counterplay for 

After 12 . . . R-Bl, 
Huebner had transposed into a 
benign form of the Semi-Qas- 
sica] Defense. 

Replacing White's isolated 
QP with an isolated pawn cou- 
ple by 16 .. . NxN; 17 PxN 
was reasonable, since after 
17 . . . R-KB3 it would have 
been difficult for Rivas to get 
aggressive nse out of his center. 

It could not have been pleas- 
ant for Rivas to exchange Ins 
KB with 21 B-R6 and 22 BxB 
because that lessened his grip 
on the vital QB4 square, and 
any simplification dragged him 
nearer to an end game where 
his backward QBP would be a 
liability. However, he under- 
standably wanted to end 
Black's pressure against hi* 

Rivas’s 26 P-N4 was an at- 
tempt to create a late-blooming 
mating attack, but this was a 
difficult task after so much ma- 
terial had been exchanged off. 
On 26 . . . NxN; 27 QxN, Q- 
Q4, Rivas could not proceed 
with the intended 28 PxP? be-' 
cause of the smashing 
28 . . . RxP! 

After 31 . . . KxB, passive 
defense by 32 R-B2 and 33 
R/1-QB1 would not have held 
up long in the face of 

32 . . . P-QN4 and 

33 . . . P-N5. Accordingly, 
Rivas sacrificed a pawn to as- 
sault the king with 32 R-KR1. 

However, his 36 R-K5? 
lacked force. Instead, he could 
have kept the blade position 
under some pressure by 36 K- 
N2, with the threat of 



Pestton attar 3SQ-N7 

36 . . . K-K2, 37 Q-N5ch, K- 
Q2; 38 R.-R7. Q-K2; 39 Q-B4, 
R-Bl; 40 Q-K4. Black could 
not play 40 . . . K-B2 and al- 
low 41 QxNP!. while he also 
had to guard against the expo- 
sure of his king by a timely P- 

After 36 . . . K-K2; 37 P- 
N5, RxP; 38 R-QR1. QxP!. 
there would have been no use 
interpolating 39 RxRFch, K- 
Q3. so Rivas tried 39 Q-N7, 
threatening 40 RxKPch! 

But Huebner got there first 
with the bombshell 
39 . . . RxPch! The buffeting 
was brief — after 42 ... R- 
B7ch, Rivas did not care to 
look at 43 K-N3, Q-B5ch; 44 
K-R3, R-R7mate, so he gave 



» ars® ss 

™ fin ss 

i sjuk picture oy jp IV- 

rith the threat of perpetual 
: by 37 Q-NSch, K-N2; 38 
Sen, etc. Then, on 

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41S 415 + 5 

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518 18 18 — to 

2441 24to— to 

44330 NuWU VA 

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Il6to 16 >6 — to 

*6 Sto 6 + to 

S20to 70to 20 to— to 

50 46 50 +5 

*914 9 914+14 

26 26fe+ to 

7 to Tto— to 


... Pwnblno 
4500 PtnrUx Oil 
8700 Place GOa 
44070 Placer 
2240 Quc Stargo 
7300 Ram Pel 
3300 Ravroc* f 
4476 Redeatt, 
3150 Rd Steahx A 
1832 RevnPrpA 
100 Rogers A 

*35 3S 35 
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Sto 8to+ 14 

29to 29to — V» 

145 140 140 

*2614 16 26to+ to 

519 19 19 

420 415 420 +5 

*814 6<4 6V> 

510 9to Vto+Mi 
Sllto IMS 1114+W 
*71to 20VS 20VS— to 
170 188 170 

*9* Vto Vto 
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Total Soles: 1X23X00 snores 

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SIBVi 10to 10to+v>i 
SS3 52 52to— to 

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270 23 2H — 15 

230 225 230 + 5 

30 30 30 +3 

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SISto 1314 13tt 
S13V» 13to 13to+to 

511 II 11+14 

*35 34to 34to+ to 
*21 2fito 21 + Vi 
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*24to BU 3414+ to 
525 U, 22 3314+ 14 

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QS 400 40S+15 

*26to 26to 26 Vi 
S2Tto 3»to 2714+ to 
450 435 450 +15 

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4914 48 45 — Vi 

512 13 12 + to 

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1 5 "sto-sto- 5 
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S14to 14 
*88 83 

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88 +3 
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871WD X691JO 

52754 Bonk Mont 
800 Con Bath 
3999 Dam Txt A 
400Mnt Trst 

nwi Low Close On 
26to 37to 
16VS 16to+ to 
ins im+ to 



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1910 Pweer I 

1000 Holland A 
14230 Royal Bank 

1236 Rav Trst Co 


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19 19to 




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Industrials index; 









Asian Commodities 

May 27 

U AS per ounce 

Close Previous 
High Lew Bid As* AM Ask 
Mery _ N.T. N.T. 37+00 316J0 316JM 31810 
Jun_ N.T. N.T. 31410 31600 316X0 31810 
JtV _ N.T. N.T. 31400 31 BJO 318JOO 32810 
Auo - 31800 31800 317-00 J19JO 32000 32200 
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Drc _ N.T. N.T. 32500 32700 3Z7 j 00 32900 
Fob _ 33100 33100 33000 33200 33Z0O 33400 
Apt _ N.T. N.T. 33400 33808 33700 32700 
Volume: M lotsol 1D0 ok. 

UAS per ounce 

Lew Settle Settle 

Jun n 31540 315.70 31410 

Aug N.T. N.T. 31770 32000 

Sep N.T. N.T. 32170 32280 

. N.T. N.T. 32370 33400 

volume: iMkdsarnoaz. 

Mehnrslea dents per tdla 

□oh Previees 

Bid Ask BM Aik 
193J0 19400 19375 19475 

19250 19150 19100 19150 
19450 T9550 19300 19575 

19800 197 JO 19700 19800 




Volume: 10 lots. 

Sin gapo r e cents per KBo 

Owe Prerim 

BM Ask BM Ask 

gSIJun- 17025 1787S 18900 16950 

RSS 1 Jiy 16900 M9J0 16900 169J0 

RS5 2 Jun 18800 18900 1*750 168J0 

R5S3Jun_ 16800 16700 16550 16850 

RSS 4 Jop_ 16200 18408 761 30 76150 

R&55 Jun_ 15700 15900 15650 15850 

MatoMea rimNs per 25 leas 

□see Prevtoas 

Bid Ask BM Ask 


Aug . 

1090 U2D 1060 

1,180 1J30 7.160 

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1090 1,140 

1070 1.110 

1050 1090 

1MB 1080 

1060 1080 

1030 1070 

May __ 

Volume: 0 lots of 25 tans. 
Source: aautrrs. 















One year 

















1 BnUhors 


Price Jea Jir tee Sen 

146 - — — — 

no ifl* — - — 

ns NIHIHl- 
ui « 6to g* •* 

us is m A 

w n m r, » 

tvs to to lyii tto 

& T 

2to » 31k 4 
» 7 714 — 


TeMariliPH WL415C 
TOM Rtf mame 3LH5 
TaMptf MPW.3PLtt 

53*0159 Lnrn24* OwlOdfU 

Sourer: CSOB. 

Prime Rate Cat inj^an 


TOKYO — Japanese banks an- 
nounced Monday a 02-percentage 
point reduction in the long-term 
prime rale, to 15 percent, and a 
02-point cut in the coupon on their 
five-year debentures, to 6.6 per- 
cenL Both changes are effective 

Company Earnings 

Revenue and profits, in millions, ore In local currencies 
unless otherwise Indicated 



Toronto Dominion 

and Dear. lie 1984 

prams IB7J5 B» 

PW Share 076 065 

Siam Cement 

ym iT84 


Cadffloc Ftdrvifrw 

South Africa 

B<wfow Rand 



PiuB L m — 

Per Shore __ 2L51 25.14 

WPO. 3000 
3«,1 2510 

-tor 1964 1903 

Bavcnuk 4870 3100 

Pralltt 65J 375 

Per Share 073 0J1 



pram I 210 1240 

Par 5hare_ 0677 0757 

19» 19M 


United States 

Supermlds Gen. 

Mol son Cos 


1st Qaar. 1905 1M4 

Rewwe 1718 gaS 

Not Inc. .. 1174 4.18 

044 824 

Par Share 

Year lfM 19*3 

Rev«nve__ 1070. 1000. 

Oner n«i 457 £89 

Oner Snare— 1 50 223 


isiQuor. 1JB 1984 

Revenue. 2J38 2.188 

Prefll 2070 1830 

West Germany 

Boot. Lufthansa 

Year iou 

Prollls 1620 430 






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1 1 

Page 18 


A Little Tax for Dessert? 



' Reagan has his way the busi- 
nessman's fully tax-deductible 
meal will be savagely cut back to a 

maximum of S10 for breakfast, SIS 

for lunch and $25 for dinner per 

The first one to check in after the 
news was leaked was Sarah Booth 
Conroy of The Washington Post, 
who demanded to know what 1 

intended to. do if 
the reform went 
into effect. I had 
the impression 
she was expect- 
ing me to go on a 
hunger strike. 

The fact of the 
matter is that 1 
have been pre- 
paring for just 
such an eventu- 

most from the $15 lunch freeze are 
not the big spenders like myself, 
who will still nine on shad toe and 
soft shell crabs come hell or high 
water, but rather those public ser- 
vants on fixed incomes who never 

get to eat a decent lunch unless they 

are being entertained. 

In the restaurant 1 patronize this 
would include Pentagon officers, 
congressional aides, Wlute House 
“sources” and executive secretaires 
of the power elite. It’s so much 
nicer to conduct the nation s busi- 
ness in a fancy restaurwit than m 
someone's noisy office. It is no se- 
cret in Washington that people are 

make compromises .ova bed Wel- 
lington and a ’65 Chfileau Latour 
than they are when chewing on a 
Big Mac and sipping on a 

Nevertheless I can see why Ron- 

ality ever since .. , - . 

the Carter administration threat- ^ Reagan would make business 
ened to abolish the “three martini eaung such an important part or ms 

business lunch. 

My plan is to still eat a sensible 
but filling meal, and use some dis- 
cretion in regards to whom I enter- 
tain. The first thing I intend to do is 
whittle down the list of people I 
lake to lunch for business reasons, 
giving priority to those who will 
provide me with up-to-date fresh 
news as opposed to those who can 

tax reform bill In spite of what the 
taxpayers say, no one likes to see 
anyone else in this country get a 
free lunch. * 

only offer good fellowship and a 
few funny stories. Regrettably 1 

will have to drop old-time favorites 
• Caufa 

such as Joe Calif ano, Jack Valenti 
and Lee lacocca, and replace them 
with hard-news sources Eke Caspar 
Weinberger from Defense, George 
Shultz from State and Bill Casey 
from the CIA. 

Once the list is cut down to the 
“newsmakers,” I intend to keep a 
sharp eye on what my “business 
guest" orders. Weinberger, Shultz 
and Casey will be informed in ad- 

vance they may order up to $15 
worth of eroceries, either fn 

worth or groceries, either from col- 
umn A or column B. After that 
anything they eat comes out of 
their own budgets. 

One of the big myths of the busi- 
ness lunch is that people consume 
three mar tinis at every meaL This is 
not true. If s more likely that theyTJ 
drink up a good bottle of wine 
instead. Under the new deductible 
rules my guests will be entitled to 
one glass of house wine. If they 
want a higher grade of grapi 
they'll be handed a separate check. 

The people who will suffer the 

In some ways I will be rather 
relieved if the government puts a 
515 limit on my lunches. In the past 
I had to talk nothing but business 
while stuffing my mouth. Now with 
so little money at slake I can relax 
and talk about anything I want to 
without fear of losing my shirt. 

If I have any problem with the 
new eating rules it is that they 
could put a heavy strain on busi- 
nessmen's marriages and love af- 

No one will admit this publicly, 
but a certain percentage of expen- 
sive business lunches and d i nn ers 
are actually meals eaten by wives 
and girlfriends of the person sign- 
ing the check. 

The question now arises, will a 
marriage survive if the spouse is no 
longer fully tax-deductible? Will 
love go out the window if a busi- 
nessman can no longer ply his lady 
with food and wine in die style to 
which she has been accustomed? 

Will all of us lose our savoirfaire 
when we are spending our own 
money? These questions are yet to 
be answered. It’s one thing for the 
president to say we can survive on a 
$15 business lunch, and a $25 din- 
ner — it's another thing to see us 
actually do it. 

Talk of The New Yorker 

By Margot Homblowcr 

Washington Past Sente 
\T EW YORK — Si Newhouse 
IN understands that be is to be 
seen and not heard. _ 

magazine for a long, long time. 
To say be is there at my suffer- 
ance would be presumptuous. 
He's going to be there because 
he's Ml. Shawn. 

When S. L Newhouse Sr_ from 

No matter that he pwor*S700 Bayonne. New Jersey, son of an 
million plus and, with his brouus; j T _ m ; pr apt garment worker died 
owns the biggpst pnvatdj _hdd ^ at age 84, he left 

sons. Si and Donald, an empire 

biggpst JS ln"l979 at 55 84, he fit his two 

mirtt in the United c. nnd ,n 

Md ia empire i« 

v u* i: lnMV judged to be the biggest 
mover w mew Yorks utcran^ communications conglomerate 

world (and occasional guest at the ABC> CBS. Tunc and the 

White House) has bought me Unlike those four, it 

New Yorker. „ has no nonfamily stockholders 

A defiant “Talk of the Town ^ nQ The senior New- 
picoe by tlre magaane s l^uoary house's death left his sons battling 

ind reclusive editor, WUliam 
Shawn, 77, put Samuel lining 
Newhouse Jr- 57, in lus place. 
“We reassert our editorial inde- 

the government in the largest es- 
tate tax case in history, with the 
IRS fl ai mhl S $914 million in tax- 
es and dvil Fraud penalties. Si and 

TVV ^ jj- Co iuiu mtU IIOUU uwuuuvo. mj 

pendence," wrote Shawn, adding p^^ld are the 17th and 18th 
that in the past 60 y* a f s T 5^™ r richest men in" America, accord- 

tbe first owner, Raoul Fleisch- 
rnann, nor his son and successor, 
Peter, “ever made an editorial 
suggestion, ever commented fa- 

taking, ever permitted the adver- 
tising or circulation or accounting 
people to bring any pressure to 
bear on us." 

Is Newhouse angry? Offended? 
Sorry that he spent $168 million 
only to be so rebuffed? 

ly put," he 
Ice here. 

ing to Forbes magazine. 

Donald runs the 29 Newhouse 
newspapers and one of the largest 
U. S- cable television systems. Si 
r uns Condi Nast, whose maga- 
zines include Vogue, House and 
& Garden. Glamour, GQ and 
Gourmet. In 1980 he bought the 
publisher Random Hose. To 
mixed reviews, be has revived 
Vanity Fair, the fasbion and cul- 
tural maflarine 

bis new boss. “I wifl try. Ml do 

with anyone who comes here w 
work, to establish a relationship 
or mutual trust.” Shawn warned 
the new owner of Ins impending 
“Talk of the Town" P*®®®- 

A few on the staff navei 

out for Newhouse. The 
critic Brendan Gifl, resident his- 
torian by virtue of his 49-year 
tenure and his book “Here at The 
New Yotker," said: “I’m consid- 
ered Judas Iscariot around here, 

but it strikes no tenor in my heart 
to think we could become part of 

the Newhouse kingdom." 

GAL a social acquainta nc e of 
the Newhouses, pooh-poohed his 

colleagues’ anxieties: “If Christ 

risen bad bought it, «b®y would be 

saying, ‘Where did he come 
from? We’ve always been a col- 
lection of individual eccentrics. 
It’s a function of our character 
that all chang e represents the risk 
of catastrophe." 

Newhouse may have a spectac- 
ular modern art collection in ms 
Upper East Side town house — 
he’s a trustee at the Museum of 
Modem Art — and he may give 
elegant parties Tor Alison Lurie 
and Nonnan Mailer, but he is the 

j^fwgiaU flip# TgftfW 
For Dnig Abuse. Fuxid 
Hollywood stars, protosjjM 1 
athletes and political figure* 
red balls on the White House tow» 
court to raise $450,000 for thcNan 
cy Reagan Drug Abuse 
pHsutert RowJd Re 

mateluas'Se actor John *“?*** 
and the tennis pro Pam Snnwr 
defeated Secretary of State Gc<»8® 
p. Shultz and the tennis pro Rune 
Tanner in a tie- breaker, when For- 
sythe blew an easy shot, Shriver 
pointed across the lawn 

- 4 * 

and his 
the final 


« p ~£* 


quipped. "I diink the \ Washington] 
Monument got in the way." 

□ . 

The British will of the actor 
Richard Breton includes a clause 

M. Thredwr/fl* WrttenpBB Port 

Publisher Newhouse: “An enriching experience.” 

day Fdker, the founder of 

from the business objectives. Td 
grown up in New York. In my 
life. I'm closely tied to what’s hap- 
in this city culturally, po- 


“It was very _. 
said recently, in his 
“It was a great opportunity to 
state for the first tune the basic 
philosophy of the magazine. 

Hardly handsome, he charms 
with a bashful twinkle, a whiff of 
“Noo Yawk” in the accent and a 
refusal to act as if he owned a 
conglomerate valued at between 

$1 j billion and $2.7 billion. 

He speaks of The New Yorker 
in reverent tones. “I have a good 
deal of faith in any publication 
that publishes with integrity, wiui 
quality, with imagination. The 
New Yorker has tins extraordi- 
nary history. Its past can be its 

And the man his writers call 
Mr. Shawn even after 20 years — 
the courtly father figure who was 
hip enough to write John Len- 
non's obituary, the myth who tor 
33 years has read every word that 
goes into the magazine? 

“Mr. Shawn is a very young 
77," he said. “I found him very 
vital intellectually and physical- 
ly. I hope he continues to edit the 

_____ son of a man whom The New 

of the 1920s," with Yorker’s A J. Liebling called a peningin this < 

0s glitz. “journalist drifforaer," a ragpick- li tic ally. The New Yorker, 

’ er of second-class newspapers, a dirou^ its articles, its renews, w 

man, LieWing wrote, with“nopo- the whole history of New York 

Iitical ideas, just economic con- 

a distinctly 1980s glitz. 

But nothing Si Newhouse has 
done since he dropped out of Syr- 

New York magazine, said that 
GQ publisher Steven Flono, who 
will reportedly take over the busi- 
ness side ofThe New York er, “is a 
hotshot who will bring aggressive 
soles and modern marketing to 

i his 

' Swiss home in August, left 
£675,000 (about $845,000) inBnt- 
ain. His main wifi, published m 

Bennuda in March, left the bulk of 

Burton’s $ 3 J 7 -million estate to tus 
fourth wife. SaHv. In the British 
i will Burton left 25 percent of the 
money to be diwfcd equally Ik- 
tween his two daughters. Katherine 
| and Jessica Burton, under an 
agreement made in 1963 with his 
first wife. Sybil. Other bequests in- 
I eluded 10 percent to be give n lotu s 
; adopted daughter. Mane Burton, 

acuse Univeraty nearly 40 years 


ago to work in the family business 
has caused such a stir as his pur- 
chase of the magazine of James 
Thurber, Vladimir Nabokov, 
E. B. White, Dorothy Parker. 
John O'Hara, J. D. Salinger, John 
Cbeever, Rachel Carson, John 
Updike, John McPhee, and many 

On the afternoon the sale was 
announced in March, Shawn, a 
balding, slightly stooped figure, 
addressed the staff in the maga- 
zine's decrepit 43d Street offices. 
“The editorial staff was not a par- 
ty to the negotiations,” he report- 
ally said. “We were not asked for 
our approval, and we did not give 
our approval" 

Some of those who listened 
cried. Others reacted with anger. 
Paul Brodeur, a longtime staff 
writer, called the sale “a deliber- 
ate affront to every artist, writer 
and editorial staff member." 

In recent weeks, emotions have 
calmed. Shawn has met several 
times with Newhouse and said of 

the selling" of the magazine. 
There is, however, fear at the 


GiU scoffed, “People like the 
Newhouses are infini tely more so- 
phisticated and much more intel- 
lectually ?nd culturally onemed 
than <W percent of the staff oF The 
New Yorker. Si is an intellectual 
He's not the head of a shoe con- 

Did Newhouse have profits or 
prestige in mind when he bought 
the 60-year-old magazine, a Iess- 
than -stellar business property 
with its static calculation of less 
than 500,000 and its declining ad 
pages? “At this stage of my fife, 
prestige is not anything I'm into," 
he said. 

A New Yorker reader since 
high school Newhouse said he 

Roy Cohn, who was chief coun- mMgt »i n a that what Shawn has 
sd for Senator Joseph McCarthy its “peculiarities" of man- 

and whose office has six auto- may not survive: Not 

graphed photos of President Rot- ^ top editors claim to 

aid Reagan (one inscribed “with how many staff writers 

deepest appreciation for your love there ^ if there is an editorial 
and support"), is Newhouses best budget, no one seems to have 
friend. “Tve never seen Si so ex- ^ iL writers are not on 

died about anything,” he said. sa j ar y i but are paid — bandsorae- 
“There’s an dement of class to it j ^y most accounts — through 
which he respects. It's like the ^dividual understandings with 
crown jewel" Shawn. Writers have offices foe 

He predicted that Newhouse years without writing a word. Edi- 
would put his stamp on The New tots never give writers assign- 

under an agreement made with the 
actress EBzabeth Taylor in 1973. 
Among other beneficiaries was his 
old school teacher. PhSp Burton, > 
who gave the actor his stage name ,* 
and received about $15. Owl. Bur- 
ton's real name was Richard Wal- 
ter Jenkins. 


Junes! Rivero, 18, of Spain, was 

| chosen Miss Europe early Sunday 
'Vest Germany. 

by a jury in Mainz, West < 

The i 

ments. Stories are published even 
decades after they’re written. 

All this, says Newhouse, is fine 

“Tm ' ’ ‘ ~ 

had had no thought of buying^: 

until an investment banker < 
in November to tefl him that a 17- 
percent interest was available. 

He later decided to buy a ma- 
jority stare “because I luce The 
New Yorker. I like to publish. It’s 
an enriching experience aside 

Yorker within a year or two. “But 
Si is the most snbtle stamper I’ve 
ever met in my life," be added. 

Business associates say New- 
house is not one for small talk. 

“The New Yorker is gong to find 
him first-rate," says Robert L 
Bernstein, chairman of Random 
House, who lunches with New- 
house once a week. “He’s curi- 
ous, he asks questions. But he ing a strong busineM supportU). 
doesn’t interfere with the day-to- this extraordinary editorial prod- 
day management." 

with him. *Tm interested in The 
New Yorker on its own terms," he 
says. “It is unique in the world. 
To transform it into something it 
isn’t — for that, I don’t have to 
buy The New Yorker. 1 can con*, 
tribute to its future by mawiain- 

> contestants came from 26 Eu- 

| ropcan countries and from Israel 


An American geographer and a 
1 Tur kish conservationist are to 
' share this year’s $50,000 Sasakawa 
Prize for outstanding work on the 
environment. Gflbert Wale and 
Hazan Asanz will each receive 
i $25,000 from a St -million founda-* 

tion set up by the Japanese Sa- 

sakawa shipbuilding group last 
Mastaia ’“ 


June. Mostafa Tofca, executive di- 
rector of the United Nations Envi- 
ronment Program, announced the 
awards at the end of a 10-day meet- 
ing of the agency's 58-nauon gov- 
erning ! 




to the 


|tMy) 634 59 65. tome 





A* a new subscriber to ihe 
Intemutiond Herald Titoune, 
you can saw up to hair 
the newsstand price, dependiX} 
an yw country of residence. 

for delaili 

on ttis speoai rhoductay otter, 
write to: 

IHT Subscriptions Dapvtmrt. 
181, Avwwo Chart— de G aulle, 
9»C» Fwt-. 

Or Ml: fcri» 747-07-29 


contact our loacd iSsn tutor or: 

I nf roatiooci Herd d Tribnao 
100 S Toi Sain Conw-n« BufcSoa 
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at Brentano’s. Amoncan Coifege. Vj 
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sain horn Schpdiry May 25 ■ Jw* 15. 
Dnootirts up to 25% on owr 100 
Wines. Cafl m wMe stocks last Cora 
dc la Madeleine. 25 <■ toy* [Ole 
Bcnywl Pons 8. Tet 265 92 40 

nee doyl Bofcel 

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Infl mavtos by wool* >an tnrior bedroo. 
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PARIS D— bord— Intemaftomd 
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LONDON Infl Moving 
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worldwide ■ Ae/Seo. Cdl Charfe 
281 1801 Paris (near Opera) Cars loo 






UU£« MCE. 

[15TH. Unique op p ortunity, ongindto 


ccun, 2 fivmgs, 2 
200 sqjn, cam- 
med, never used 
4971 |T0 to 12 AM). 


jVERSARlES. ResidentKd area, quel, 
near forest, ircb vifa, private can- 
stnichon, 8 roona. I»#l doss, tene- 
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garden with ourowWng. 563 32 97 


In dw d ee ming mountain resort of 



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ma. 30 mi ham Morflreu* and Lche 
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you can own Quavy resuzncej 
with indoor swimming pool and 
fitness fooSbe* in cm idea 
envimunenl far leisure and sports 

COTE D’AZUR, MCE tool _ Estate 

Agency. Buying on itoortmenl or a 
vAd? Salve on 

serious problem with o 
Promotion Mozart. 


A*fa weffoctera 19 Avgwe MANHA1 j« J ljtJlMAIE IN 
bw or Hofcd rdOOMNUM UV1NG 

Td |93) 87 08 20 - 61 wjO- 

MAMfATTAN PLACE - Ip Av 3 38 St 


TUSCANY. Baauhfd 
totdly restored & funwtet Unaewf 
baths, with annex, T2JXO sq jn. to«L 
’ d view, located near rba 
(tons) S33 68 91. 

M N»*. «*«9onT- IwgB """ * fry? 

oia texmnow. secure ood pmrato j, 

bSrorS. ( 1 W 0 to 3000 sq. fr.) Aw* 



able dawetty frarri owners. 

| Contacts Mr. M. Pumas* 

EnvEsi ItawBemert Cbrp. 
11335 Queens Bhrd. 

Forest HUs. NY 11375 USA 
Td: 7 ie 



764 03 17 



10TH heort of Paris, ei fal renovated, 
industrid teAfing, a pnvate house on 
2 lewis, M0 sqm, swxry aid coba 

‘ ' J crfng. B0 

td lemxe. 



ST CLOUD. Beautiful modem house 
200 sqm. kxfle reception, 5 bed- 
rooms. 3 baths, wage, gorden. dose 
to noli 8. ro me American School, 
F3j60000 Tet 563 17 77 



Fantastic view, legh guert- 
ty, selected resdentid ixcav Pnces 
Am sn 95.000 to 5F635mtl 
gogm owdcfcle at only 6 5% u 
For Htiib hiuIul 

Av. Mon-topoi 24. 

01-1005 LAU5AT>l't L SvntMrkind 
Teh J21J22” 

12 Th< 2^185 MHJSCH 



god. etc). 

at low 5F. rales 

up to 


PlmM contact 
Rnadencn l w fnnm . 18S4 toys* 
cwr mwi wi 

Tel: p2^ 34 11 55 Thu 456 120 RLAI CH 

sale to foreignea 4 flats, Ue «w. 

vidud financina ovrfcUe. Contact; a 
(MMoaue sa. 

1003 lauwnrie,SwilZBf1and. Ttt 
2091 07.Hc24453BAH.Oi 



Ally, August 

French Riviera 

Cep «T Antibes 

Luxurious seashore vib 

MkW Bernard 

42 Av. Vidor Hugo, Paris 16th 

COTE D'AZUR. Vila with pool. 500m 

tea, an 5000 sqjn. laid, double hying, 
4 bedrooms, WC. teUteoam. entirely 

oqupped kitehen, FI 7,000 info or Au- 
flStfaTB peopla Farm 770 35 28. 

FRENCH RMBA. Near Ste Maxi aw, 
vila far rent. 6 bedrooms, private 
beacK 1S-30 July end August. Tet 
Paris 250 88 25. 



NORMANDY: 2 hom frcmfttns. 18th 
cmsjy am r house. 3’ec^wa. 5 
bedrooms. Idy.Sl^iL Tefc229 2! 32 
Ext 421, Pars. 


ry kn-ah ed apcrtaenS. newly deco- 
rated, futiy servsed, secretonat^tcKx 
fad5ties. £450/ £550 per twek. 3 
months to 2 yeerv Mouitfcmoc Mov 


nee 299’ 

Ltd London 01 491 2626 


LONDON. For the best famished flats 

and houses. Consult tite^S|p«3c6^ 

and biwis. _ 

: 352 Bill, not* of Pork 

722 51 35. Telex 27846 RESOEG. 

LOMX3N HAMPSTEAD. Luxury flat, 
'short term i 

5 room. Aha tang/shorttemoaow 
modalion. Tet 9CM 1 


furmstied top floor centrcAy ah -ccxxh- 
tianed apartment, 110 sqm. large ter- 
race overlooking sea. umtierrufeed 
Frendi/lhAon s tea coast ps ei ttUPfl . 
Futy equipped, aD services, mdufing 
24-hour amor 

cu n oe rge. bunrky. ide- 

phone, swkmmtg pool, garage, park- 
HKL Casino & stops 3 mnotes. AvaL 

June throi^h August. Cal: 
Switzerland 01/6919 10. 



Luxurious du plex ffydos. berth, phone. 

No agency I 

F6000 net by month. 

95 Bd 

135 67. 

5hort“tenri lease. Visit today: 95 Bd 
Gauvion St Cyr, Paris 17th; 574 




gaftS*" 563 25 60 



Embassy Service 

tv*, da 

S Av*. de Mesdn* 
75008 Park 

Telex 231696 F 




MVAUDESi Unique penthouse. Pw* 
at your Im^W sq.nL. + lOOsqjn. 

terrace. F33fl0a net per month in- 
dudes 2 hour maid service dray 
PLACE OES VO5GB:J.100 ml In 
beaiilifal townhome, lSO^sg^Bte, 

Year A m a rktm Kaafiar ta Park 
(3) 053 92 29 or (1) 293 60 50 


LmmrioM Sturfios 
Phone, color TV, todien, dwt term 
ie. No agency fees. F4500/ month. 
Vtt tSoy Yet: 574 82 57. 


In smal townhooK on garden, Ewig, 
dnng room, 2 bedrooms, 2 baths. 
F970J. TeL 563 25 60 

SHOBT1BIM STAY. Adwmtages of a 

hotel without i nconveniences, feel d 

B sturtctt, one bedro 
end more in Pens. SORHiM: 80 rar 

de rUmwnto, Pera 7th; 544 39 40 


end 2 rooms, becutrfJy decor cted. 
Gontad: Sofiroo», 6 aw Deknne. 
7500B Pom TeTfll 359 99 50 

Canadian Club. 

Lighter than Scotch, smoother 
than Bourbon. 

The smooth and distinctive taste of 
Canadian Club is appreciated all over 
the world. Enjoy Canadian Club, neat 
on the rocks or mixed to your taste 

Since 1358. 

International Business Message Center 


bona, »6e» mar* than a third 
of a mBEon readers world- 
wide, at art of wham mm in 
teiibosc and industry, wU 
' it Just Max as fr 

613S9 5J b efore Warn, on- 
AM fa O t 

m can telex you 
bade, mid year memaga wS 
u p fi aa- wradn 44 hoars. The 
rate a US. f 9,80 or lead 
on morde nt per fete. Yea med 
indude complete and vari- 
able bdBng adebwas. 




k icorportfton and manogemanl n UK, 
tie of Man, Tula, Anguilla, Gomel 
Hands, Panama. Liberia. Gibraltar ond 
mod other dfshare areas. 

• Confidenhol advice 

• Iwned a ft avaflaUity 

• Nominee services 

• Bearer dam 

• Boat ragEtratons 
e Acutunhng X cxbixitistration 

• Mail, tde^one & telex 
mo mra hMMi ary bsoUri fro m. 

Hood Office 

Hi P looecot l , Dough*, We of Mon 
Tot Baoglo* (&24) 2371 9 
Tufax 08554 SELECT G 
London fepresentive 
2-5 Old Bond SUtaidon W1 
Td 01-493 4244, TU 28247 SCSLDN G 


brand seela tfcJnbuKrs . _ 

rope & Latin Ameriai We offer oom- 
pMtely new mnr k etinfl formula Write 
with references to Box 2326, Herdd 
Tribune, 92521 Nauity Ccdex, Fmnce 

n the world. Lon, venture n op toL 

UC i PiWera of Qtdti) fa r your nv 

port-expert pwiettl ftwn na _ ' 

ui to 241 176 Demo Greece. 

from US540Q avd table now. 
{0634) 20240. Tetat 628352 ISU 







Mating - Telephone - Trtex 

FJ secretariat services 
btaofMai, Jersey, Guenysy, 

Gite attar, Panama, Liberia 
Ijwemboura And lei, UK. 

Ready metae or mad. 

Free explanatary booklet. 

Bart (egEtratnm 

London represerilutive 

Aston Company Formations 

Dept Tl. 8 Victona St.. Daugias, 

Ue of Man. Tdc 0624 2^1 

Telex 627691 5PNA G 



Yort ttate cmewefl inoneof Anieri- 

toauate ei C tekxi dollai nut industry. 
30000 tree* atnady Planted * 
Kehtaidi PcfeL Kgh annual ertnngs 
assured far many, irxxnr years. Genr 
mn caamdaiaMjmdbaM.Hcten- 
davcdable in Engfcri, French, Gernioa 


Av Mon-Repas 24, , 


business services 





A complete sodd & teraiess service 

tofenduds far cd ooasora 

212-765-7793 | 


330 W. 56fe 5t, N.Y.C 10019 
Service tepre»niatives 

Needed Worldwide- 



UK, rite of Mem, Tutte. Qniid isfands, 
Panama, LAxiio and most offshore ar- 
eas. C«wk£s» supjwi foa tries. Very 
Strict connogjtnoBty. 

Free carauhaiian: 

Roger Griffwi LLB, F.CA. 

Brochure: Corporate Managemert U4 
Western House, Vidorio Street. 
Dooflkc, ble of Hen, J0628 73X6/4. 
^i3sx 627389 CdSJwt G 


UJC not resdmJ eomparxes vnfe 
nominee dwdqn, barer jhaes and 
confidential baiaccoirts. W ta*up 
& support services. Pamna S liWpn 
companies. RfB rate conEdenkd 

profound Steens. 


Companies farmed UJC & mxkbndB 
irafedeig Ue of Man, Turks & Caicos, 
Anffdlo, Ptexena and Liberia 

For further riernirtiari. ptaue contact 

!5?; ■ 5 MPf» Ctach St.. Dowta, We 
SrewfrjSwv Id: Doinbs 
(8634] 23733, Itx. 627900 CCM IOMG. 

MVEST 2 WffltS in Better rtecfih. 
Enter Gtafiac l&k Prewmon & 

Heofth Reconrthoning Proyom row. 

sMTvrton. nsd aeon mooi ven- 

W/Btfan twr GodaWng. Sorter 
CU8SAL 45 dbl London, long 
■ KN2) 8792231 

cn. wishes to explore buaness oppor- 
hntes n Swinerfand. Pnmwrty ettn- 
erted m health and beauty aid prod* 
urts ihol can be exported to USA 
market and/or sold in Swnerkind. 
Arrangements can be outnght pur- 
uuum, lamsem or other wronge- 
msita. Rnly USA Heoith cnl Beauty 
A^^/944 bK&m Pool Rd, Ruling 
fflh. CoHornxs USA 90274 Attention: 
Ms Werner. 

Raaort - 12 comities, andyjrd. 
Mtete WMA, 45 Lyndtem TCE, 
Suite 509. Central, Hong Kong. 





based Td-. 01 244 feoTaS 
5492/01 930 8926. Telex 8951622 



Funtahed Offices/ Confarenae Boot 

T el ephone / Telex / Mail Santas 
Y&d P. 

Procesei g / Trareta tien 


32 tomweg, QUOOI Zurich 
Tet 01 / 214 6nl. Tbc 812656 INOF 

membb wsmwsm 



• Your c omplete office at our fal 

• Busaieadedsiani by deader moken 

• Management services: oprapny mr- 
mcrtkvH, lax pfenning, team & 
banking creatod to imeei w nee* 

• Dorado your adores/ office at 
Zurich's renowned bums street. 
BataMM Services Corcrojf Cora. 
fahnh o feroBo Stj CHflOB RndL 

Teh 01/211 92 07. Tbt S3 062 



Telephone g is wenn a Tow, rax 


■nsxk iwtoj Sw 24H/day. 
TcL PAT. 6099595. 

IMPETUS * ZURICH * 252 76 21 
Phone / rete* / nxalbox. 



74 CHAMPS-H.Y5SS 81h 

StufecL 2 or Iraom upotment. 

One month or more. 

IE OABDGE 359 67 97. 

151H JULY - 1 SOT. ftjnj life • 7*. 
UNESCO near Champs de Mtn In 
wafides, superb 210 sqm rtoonneni, 

3 bedrooms, 3 roarta becuWuSy dec^ 
orated. My equipped, carpark, view 
on trees. US52.40Q per month. Tefc 
567 78 18 

NEW 15tfi Bone des Easositions. Stu- 
dioa, 2 and 3 roans, falfy swped 
bschen, one day, one week, one 
month or more. Contact: RATOTEL 
55 rue ifOradort i/Gtat 75015 
Pwix. Tefc 554 97 56. Hx: 200406 F. 
Prornoriond Dnces. 

15TH, 3-ROOM HAT in smal buld- 
ing, F6JXD. 1 year maeum, oumer, no 
□coney. Tefc 575 51 21 

14 1 

b’ : :i 

V r ‘ i 


T7TH: Owner rents 3rd floor in old 
townhouBL ] 100 jqra, Wesg, ctang. 
bedroom. 2 firedpov. Prefer bothe- 
lor states. Tefc 367 25 17 

ST GESMAM EN LAVE Calm, sdxsol, 
Evina, 2 bedrooms, 2 baths, 90 sqjit, 
nrrace. view. F6400. Tel: «S1 10 14. 

Paris & suburbs. Benls/taes 551 09 45 


SPAIN, JAVEA. VSa, 4 bectaxam, 2 
' ■* ’ L iitifid oprden, Sttred swvn- 

rang pool with tennis, squash, sauna, 

ANU vnno m mo imeonei ro- 

neon. Ewrythina mduded ri (he fal- 
lowio pricat: Mty: F21X00. Auant 

F23raa to - 1» a»® fusoorS 

- 31sr Aug: FI 1,500. F9500 in June & 
Sept. Teh Pori* 553 63 32 . Bnmek 
2/511 18 8a 





Qnfa 75 nm from Geneva Aeport 
du - term ■ gofl and wt 


i owr fee Alps 

private part of 15J)DQ torit 

aih wonderful 1 

wry (unmouh 12 L 
3 reception roam, 6 bafc 

Speod Roe 
fax bngpeiwdi 

tier Information; 
Imco ufeBl er e de VBora LA. 
P.O. tom 63, CH-1 184 Vitae 
Tefc 25/35 35 3 ) 

Teleac 456 213 GBE 


NYC- Designer fanished Cerrtrd Part 
South studio apartment wife Wen- 
ette, fad hold wrvu*. 3 year taws 
avriafata. f2400/monlH. (212) 466- 
9230 [MorvH. 



Lo Dtfiwue 




They wfl be expected to reread and 
ve rify rep ort, grid fin qncid i l u te H ieirt i 
in Engfah ond French 
punctuation and ~ 


This past kfeady suits Engfah mother 
i haw perfect 

tongue oanddane who 
knowledge of French. 

- Flexible hours 

- luncheon vouctm or firm's 

restaur art. 

Send CV ond salary requirements to 

Tour Manhattan Gfidex 21, 
92195 Pcxii la Mfeme 2 

water for int I photo agency. Exartnu 
typuftrame use telex. Send CV Jo 
BwjOOl .Herald Tribune, 92521 
Neuffly Cridex. Frtro 



YOUNQ GBtMAN ttahion model, 
tegtrty eduented, looks far an i nt er e st - 
mg poeiboa London 2450000. 




AU FA1» WANWDferwor bngaxjpte 
w«h 7 •dwota. i cWrt cn n >ubm ban 

Mtat'^neL^nadry & Lghi home- 
taeraw. tal (fawn kerne a must 
Senapnoto A rarant to Bax 2176. 
Trfeura, 92531 NwByCedex^p 


uaAuAnr waited far 
Geneva: 71 36 29 



tie profossicxKrf 


_. T With dddren d all 

ages, calm sweet nnhsed person, free 

now.' Fry Gontuftorti 7 JW» 5l Aldlf- 
shot Herts IX Td: 0252 jl 5369 UK 



chadrens nanny, rmwi's hdpin Ac 
branches, al 1st dass trwm dameskc 
help worldwide. Call Sfeone Bureau, 
London 730 8122/5142(24 tartU- 


29 years, seeks new past wfe iowib- 
hand howl os setrtfary/wdtel Oomi 
driving Scene*. Reply Box 41 024 , 
I JIT., 63 long Ace, London WQE 


bobymnderv, 1st dasj dady maids i 
diaufteurv Soane Bureau, 730 8122 
‘ 5142. Licenced emptayraeal agency 



MBKSS 81 350 SLC 32000,1m 
IHD, green, mxnacutaM corettoe, 
pow e r Herring, unroof, hi-fi ODOBF- 
te/rtrfo. electric Widows, taeritortj 
export. El 8750. Tefc London 435 3230 

NEW 5000, IHD MET AUK. teaflw, 
or cowfilioiena Aiee e rfiote defiveiy, 
Abo 190E.2J.i6 waive, full apwa- 
TeL UKWindaor 61547. Tlx, W462 

NWMBW3EDES 38 0 SEC Fu fiy load- 
ed. Tel Mgum 323/8872820. 










500 03 04 
39 43 44 
07) 80 51 

Leave it to us to bnog it to vou t 


International Secretarial Positions 





Apple Computer Infl 

■ leaking far a 


Engfah toother tongue 
[preferably Amairan) 

toasrid feel 

he European Controller & fee 

Cbrtrouer wth nonnd B5n- 

ffl^ieo^tod duties A some fmandd 

toted oro yang waman 

than 30 yflrxi ole;. 

k vte to Fnsnxa 8AUCEV1C 

udfres obow] wife resume In Engfcfe 
and photo 

meriencad PA/kxmI wntay mutt 
be tefaxud Frendi/&iglnh. To bo 
baeed m^outh of Franos. Mut tfeye, 
cwferefely non unokar. Exaflent iota 


infanoatian please write indutfatoCV, 
references & recert phortogroai to 

Bax 410l7.LH.Tx 53 Long Acre, ten- 
don. WCZ9JH, 

ftn neks bingoal xCriWVy [French 
/ Gtgfish), Engirt* iwther tongue, EEC 
nolnind or worfato W« TB Start 

Ji™17!M9B5.t3: 336 33 TO 


Engfah,. B*faian, Ojrich or Gennrei 
^**0. 75116 Para, Tterrc. Tet 

flocne rend CV 

2335, Herald Tribune, 
Ccdex, Fierce 

■ ,P«wn scheme, 
•rih photo la Bra 

1 Neurtty 

hn mmdote oppenings 
ui krtcrnrtiand cooipcxws 


W 156 rue Montmartre, Peris 2 or 
cafl 233 17 54 

PBtRJME SHOP seab rypui fo U5 

mod. 1 day per week. ftm742 30 50 


tongue reqixred far smetiioTlCKsaoth" 
turn, for responsible position, fixed 
oduentianej Doekreoimd, good seae- 
torid itafa. Vbraa«nrkinekjdnasto 
tnta, tiaelahora Etote area T 

h«xidvta»Twiapphaaiafi + -^SSs 

ryn^tammnt to Box 2330, 

. 92521 Neuflty Cedcx, Fronte 


Air sfawtntas. _3ffi. attractiw, aflfe 

-Nench. ftotem, kwSs new - ; 

ontlenffng position where loti oT 5 
•ravel. is involved with mtemetand 
““rossman. As PA. PR. Only serious 
Hease write to: Box 2153. 


«UNGUALAG ^ h ^y ” 

P«vta 758 12 40 

e«t Engi^Gemr» 1 , 'l^^te 
*«V airadhta, seek* position as pri 


rary hnp people ei Para 758 82 


Primed by gdz Jn Zurich (Switzerland) 

u r vrnua «b ra nora irx» jm** ~ "T “““ ““ p * 

10001 U.SA 




... ..