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The Global Newspaper 

VI . • , Edited, in Paris - 

* * *^f*/|>* \g\ r | Printed Smvdtmeously 
i' Rn» . in Paris, London, Zurich,, 

sit •••■- VflP‘ Hong Kona, Snaaoore. 


INTERNATIONAL 


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Published With The New York Times and H11 

PARIS, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


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Index Declines 
. ;■ - YYjf . Despite Drop in . 
Interest Rotes 

"■ *■ "\ ;i i. »- • ‘ „• - 

. ,7 • ■• • iini ■ . ^ Associated Press 

w ■ :.«*■£ 1 \ 'WASHINGTON — The US. 

,, ' i> .n lT '» govmunent’s mam econondc-fore- 

tr casting- game Fed 02 .'percent a 

,[ ! uYH April, the fest dadftoe tins year, 

Y ■•■•; tn,,i < signaling that the lagging eccHKHny 
1 * has yet to fed the effect ofkwtr 

interest rates. 

V 5 The Commerce Department re-' 

" : ' • ■ v,. V*r* i port issued Thursday w as generally 

’‘■'-.••il v • in line with the espeaatiaa of mar-. 

> ■•’ ■:■ . ; i: , ,.Z jY ket analysts, although they had . 

?ieor;. The doBar advanced in New 
• v- % York despite the dedine in the 

‘ ‘ lX,l ‘ is Sp ^ 1 J ^Scatore index. P^e 10 . 

been split over -whether the Index 
°f Leading Economic Indicators ' 
would move up slijgjilly or down " 

- fateest rales have been driven . 

I V.v Ni ,lii.'I c> 1 V : . lower to the past two months, first . 

■ 1 - ■ : • • ' ^ V Jfe ; by reduced dented for credit as " 
' \... G: business execotives scaled hack 

their activity and then \ty the Fedr- . 

• .: . ; v - eral Reserve’s lowering of its dis- : 

.. \. . . 4 . , -y. count ^rate in an effort to stimulate 

^ an econonnt, winch grew at an ao-' j 
' r 1^' ^ nual rale of only 0.7 percent in the t: 
v 1 ' •—■•'£ ;j» : first quarter. £ 

•• "i ^ Government and private ana- jj 
... ’“f, lysis have emphasized, however, 

V.'V’^ * 5 at it will take at least a few - 



Thatcher Blau les Fans 
From U.K., Offers Aid 
To Victims’ Families 


IndiSt^ . : Belgiah emergency workm use a makeshift stretcher to cany an injured spectator from the soccer field. W i2?t£ 

: up slijgjilly or down — “ — : — 1 payment, eq 

after an en 

sxsm Passage of U.S. Tax Reform Called Likely Sis 


h\ 

U .-Vf 

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ioanihs for lower interest rates to 
start showing an effect on the in- 
dex. 

In die order of their inqtaa on 


li.’Vt-SW 

Iti*; 


. ‘ the composite fignre, the negative . 

„ . ~ .V'V ; factors m the April index werer - 
contracts and orders for plant and 
equipment, money snp^, vendor 
■---perfoanance, average workweek^: 
— - building permits and net bosmess 1 

formation. A decline in vendor per- 

> *v:T < ij MEM formaace mans companies were 
' receiving dower liveries from. 
'-!!iirt» it >mmi tnor suppnov 

— The fommdicalorif malting posk 

4 s vt oontributkaM, in the order of 

their in^nct, were new orders for 

w '. q tosume r goody ... ftpd q ^fwrnT^ ,' 
— : j^ge^^ririi^inatei^ 

4 -T~ prices , 1 stride praces and-average 

■ t ’■ ;* weekly initi^ ciajinS'fOT state" np- 

' — V emplcyrnent'insunmoe.-: 

-*>•> Commerce Secretary Malcolm 

. . . , ..r- . .. Bi j c j rigc Jjjg April report 

. s. “disqjpmntnig.” 

Z\To~"* ** < ^ or ecOT ® n y : hM-heen m a 

,. .s r; v\sViMS temporary loll with touch of the. 

re ® 311 shtggishhess reflecting a 
. r poor perfOTnance m gpods^ro- 

... ■ dudngindustries," he said. 

.T -» ■ “Several signs point to a ptekup 
’ - :!i in the economy. Consumer corifr 

-rr: dence and consumer spending both 
> ' :f ■ lj —jl.Z- improved in. April, and hous in g 
j .■*. ■ *» •!. starts rose to theorbighea level in a 

■ *■ ■ ;i year. The catch-up in federal in- 

“ .. -.r- : come tax refunds now in progress 

should add to coaumno: demand. 

, surust-^. These developments will be hot 
' stered by recent dechoes in interest 

"V rates, leading to stronger grow* 
thrwigh *e rest of the year.” 

' ^ The Teport included upward re* 

*■ *«iOTs for Fdjiuiy and Match, pri- 

-«•. J -*;• nfoly because « a change in in- 
-- -ry "Y. - J ventorks on found and on order in 
*■’ . >f j jjS both months. 

: The Febniaryfigure was revised 

- Y- ; from a 03-porxnt gain to a 0:7- 
" “ ' percent increase, and the March 

-> .. figure was changed from a 02 -per- 

.. cemdedmetoa 0 . 1 -perceatjmn. 

■ • Y^ Reagan admimstration officials 

have started lb hedge their forecast 
v'- 1 ‘ of 4<«cenl econonac powth. this— 

... . ;1 - year m the face <rf a senes of ladc- 

. - Y luster ecOToanic measures; 

*. *. . ;, T -- However, the consensus of econ- 

omists in andont of government is 
... that the economy wfll pick up 
lv _ 6 [ mV-’, enough togrowdjout 3 percent for 
. '*• the year. . 


By David S. Broder 

Washington Post Service 

-WASHINGTON — President 
Ranald Reagan’s chances of get- 
ting a tax-simplification bill 
flnonghQmgeg lode better than 

Presidend Reagan’s aides said te 
would be wfffing to compro mi se 
on Ae tax plan. Page 2. 

The plan wotdd font caphal-in- 
tensivri companies. Rage 35. 

evo; acccvdii^ to leaders of both 
parties, but the Republican Party’s 


throudipolitical issue have proba- 
bly declined. . . 

“The ball-game is ova - ” said 
Howard H- Baker Jr, the former 
Senate maj crrityleader, on Wednes- 
day, prefficring congresacaial ap- 


proval of a major tax foil “faster 
titan most people expect” He add- 
ed, “1 have never seen such a con- 
fhrence of important opinion on a 
major issue.” 

“When you get” Representative 
Dan RosteakowsJti “hackstopping 
Ronald Reagan, you’ve got a com- 
bination that can't be beat,” Mr. 
Baker said. Mr. Rostenkowski, an 
TTfmmic Democrat, is chairman of 

the House Ways and Means Com- 
mittee. 

Others on Capitol Hill woe 
more cautious about the prospects, 
but the positive response reported 
by several congressional offices to 
Mr. Reagan's and Mr. Rostenkow- 
ski’s speeches Tuesday night dear- 
ly improved the legislative dimate. 

Cntics of key provisions of the 
Reagan , plan toned down their 


barbs Wednesday, as the strength 
of the bipartisan drive for tax re- 
form became dear. But both par- 
ties, and their potential presidential 
contenders, continued to maneuver 
for advantageous postion. 

Rallying behind Mr. Rosienkow- 
ski, whose televised response to Mr. 
Reagan’s speech on tax amplifica- 
tion was praised by Mr. Baker and 
many others in both parties as a 
political master stroke, Democrats 
moved quickly to put their party 
stamp on the issue. Their special 
target was the middle-class constit- 
uency that Mr. Reagan took from 
them in the 1980 and 1984 cam- 
paigns. 

Republican strategists conceded 
that the Democrats had shown deft 
footwork, thanks largely to Mr. 


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RostenkowskTs speech, but main- 
tained that the Republicans would 
be the ultimate beaefidaiy of the 
gathering political momentum be- 
hind the plan. 

“Rostenkowski is a big winner,” 
Mr. Baker, a Tennessee Republi- 
can. said, “but there's going to be 
enough credit to go around. We 
Republicans will be able to brag 
about it, but so will the Demo- 
crats.” 

Mr. Reagan’s initiative “rein- 
forces the picture of foe Republi- 
can Party as the party of action and 
the party of new ideas.” said Wil- 
liam Greener, political director of 
foe Republican National Commit- 
tee. 

Bm a chorus of Democrats, m- 

(Conthmed on Page 2, CoL 6 } 


U.S. Voices 


By Karen DeYoung 

Washington Post Service 

LONDON — Prime Minister 
Margaret Thatcher, accepting re- 
sponsibility for the riot started by 
British fans before the European 
Cup soccer final, authorized an 
“immediate, initial contribution” 
of £250,000 Thursday for the vic- 
tims’ families. Thirty-eight persons 
were killed and about 200 were 
injured. 

The deaths and injuries occurred 
when supporters of the* English 
team of Liverpool charged Italian 
fans of Juvemus of Turin at the 
game in Brussels on Wednesday. A 
wall between two sections of foe 
Heysel stadium collapsed, and 
many people fefl and were crushed 

or trampled. 

Mrs. Thatcher announced the 
payment, equal to neatly $320,000, 
after an emergency meeting with 
ministers and indicated that the 
government would seek new legis- 
lation regulating the British SOCCCT 

league. 

[In Turin, Juventus said it would 
donate $ 100,000 to a fund for the 
victims’ families, Reuters reported. 
A dub official said players would 
give a further $50,000. 

[Meanwhile, foe two top English 
soccer officials flew home from 
Mexico, summoned by Mrs. 
Thatcher for talks. The officials, 
Bert XfiOichip, chairman of the 
Football Association, and Ted 
Croker, the association's general 
secretary, left for home after ac- 
companying foe England national 


ON PAGE 4 

■ Violence among fans is linked 
io aggressiveness in sports. 

■ European TV networks are 
criticized for broadcasting the 
game after foe rioL 

■ A chronology of violence at 
soccer games. 

team for a series of games against 
Mexico. Italy and West Germany 
in advance of next year’s World 
Cup finals.] 

The violence. Mrs. Thatcher 
said, was “a very serious blow" to 
Britain’s international image. It 
marked foe culmination of a pat- 
tern of escalating violence at 
matches at home and abroad for 
several years that has taken an in- 
creasing toll in injuries and proper- 
ty damage, and gained British fans 
a reputation as “thugs” throughout 
Europe. 

Some of foe returning Liverpool 
fans criticized Belgian police for 
poor riot control, and a few mem- 
bers of Parliament said that Britons 
were bring condemned for the “ac- 
cidental” collapse of the walL 
But the overwhelming reaction 
was one of sham e and sorrow, and 
guOt for not addressing a national 
problem that has bon long appar- 
ent- Many seemed to agree with 
Mrs. Thaidier, who said “those re- 
sponsible have brought shame and 
disgrace to their country and to 
footbafl.” 


Mrs. Tbaicher sent a message to 
Prime Minister Wilfred Martens of 
Belgium. Queen Elizabeth II sent 
messages to President Sandro Per- 
dni of Italy and King Baudouin of 
Belgium, expressing her “heartfelt 
sympathy” over the “shocking 
events" in Brussels. 

From the political right, includ- 
ing Mrs. Thatcher, there were calls 
for tougher penalties against those 
convicted of soccer violence. 

At the same time, pressure grew 
from political leaders, distraught 
soccer fans and even u>me team 
managers, for the Football Associ- 
ation to withdraw British teams 
voluntarily from all European play 
during the 1985-86 season that be- 
gins in September. 

Many commentators said that 
step would preclude what they felt 
was the near certain suspension of 
Britain by European soccer au- 
thorities, 

■ Belgian to Ban UJC Teams 

Earlier. Richard Bernstein of The 
New York Times reported from 
Brussels: 

A government minister an- 
nounced that Belgium would ban 
British teams from playing in his 
country until foe threat of violence 
from British fans can be eliminat- 
ed. 

Interior Minister Charles Noth- 
omb said that Belgium would not 
agree to turning itself into a “police 
state” to ensure security against vi- 
olence at sporting events. 

Mr. Nofoomb said. “As long as 

(Continued on Page 4, CoL 1) 


King Hnssein of Jordan with President Ronald Reagan at the White House. 

OECD Report Warns of Sluggishness 




vl 7.*i5£ 




ucs%ned to’ give insight into the 
; £ J' shape of the economy six to nine 
months into the future, 
jo ^ However, it is a volatile report 
that often moves up or dbwn'wdhin 
. a small range, especially in times of 
- imdcar economic trends. Ithas not 
. risen for three (ratscamvc inonths 
since last May: 


By Axd Krause 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS. — The Organization for 
Economic Cooperation and Devd- 
opment/wamed the United States 
and Western Europe on Thursday 
that forir eaanoape growth was 
slipping weB below that of Japan. 
The OECD added that foe U.S. 
and European . sluggishness could 
lead to a slight dowdown in the 
average expsosfoB' rate of the 
OECD area, during next IS 

months - • 

■ The OECD predic te d foal the 
inflatibo-ad^usted: growth far the 
OECD nations as h whole would be 
about 325 percent . tlns year and 
slow to 273 next year. -It was 4.9 
penaart lastyear. 

In foe strongest tains it has used 
yet, the OECD also urged some 
West European: governments, 

which it did notnaxnc, to consider 


more expansionary policies that 

would involve stimulating jwiuwy l 
through such measures as tax cuts 
and lowering interest rates. 

OECD officials emphasized, 
however, that no major European 
governments were planning steps 
that would .significantly chang e 
their current policies, winch haws 
been aimed primarily at combating 
infla tion and reduemg budget and 
trade deficits. West Gennany, Brit- 
ain, Austria and Finland have been 
died frequently as countries well- 
placed to move toward more ex- 
pansion. ' 

The agency also urged the Unit- 
ed Stales to reduce its federal bad- 
ge! deficit and suggested that Japan 
ease restrictions an imparts, fi- 
nancing end credit. 

The views, reflecting the views of 
foe OECD secretarial and con- 
tained in the semiannual outlook 


report, were aimed at 24 member 
governments, including the United 
States, Canada, West European na- 
tions, Japan, Australia and New 
Zealand. 

The risks involved would vary 
from country to country,” accord- 
ing to David Henderson, head of 
the OECD's economics depart- 
ment, “but what we are saying is 
that there now is scope for snrmT ta- 
neous action on both the supply 
and On the demand ride of ce r t ain 
OECD countries.” 

Addressing European govern- 
ments, the OECD said that shifting 
away from currently restrictive pol- 
icies could both “improve supply 
potential and provide some sup- 
port to demand.” A major goal 
would be reducing growing west 
European unemployment, current- 
ly at more than 19 milling repre- 

(Continued on Page 5, CoL 2) 


On Proposal 
By Hnssein 

7he Associated Press 

WASHINGTON —The Reagan 
administration praised King Hus- 
sein of Jordan on Thursday for 
offering to hold peace talks with 
Israel but said it had “major diffi- 
culties” with his call for an interna- 
tional conference on foe Middle 
East dispute. 

The administration registered its 
opposition to participation by the 
Soviet- Union, as Hussein pro- 
posed, until it “demonstrated its 
willingness to play a constructive 
role.” 

A State Department spokesman, 
Edward P. Djerejian, said that foe 
Soviet Union would have to resume 
diplomatic relations with Israel, 
ease restrictions on emigration, 
cease “anti-Semitic propaganda” 
and hah arms shipments to Iran 
and to Lebanese militia groups to 
qualify. 

Hussein outlined his plan for a 
conference after meeting Wednes- 
day with President Ronald Reagan. 
It would provide for negotiations 
between a PaJestinian-Jordanian 
delegation and Israel under foe su- 
pervision of the five permanent 
members of the UN Security Coun- 
cil — the United States, the Soviet 
Union, China, Britain and France. 

The king said he had the full 
support of the Palestine 'Liberation 
Organization and that it was pre- 
pared to recognize Israel's rights 
under UN - Security Council Reso- 
lutions 242 and 338. 

Resolution 242, adopted after 
foe 1967 war in the Middle East, 
calls on Israel to withdraw from 

(Continued on Page 5, CoL 5) 



Th« Aooooted Plea 


British fans console one another in the Liverpool airport after returning from Brussels. 

Effort to Seat British and Italian Fans 
Far Apart Went Awry, Belgians Say 

By Steven T. Dry den by Italian supporters of the Juven- here or there," he said. “Then may- 
International Herald Tribune tus team. be the violence would have hap- 

“This was one of foe causes of 
foe drama,” Mr. Nofoomb said, “I 


BRUSSELS. — A main reason 
for the violence at Wednesday’s 
European Cup soccer game was the 
failure of efforts by organizers to 
seat all rival Italian and British fans 
at opposite ends of the stadium, 
Belgian officials said Thursday. 

The rival spectators were delib- 
erately sold tickets for seats that 
would keep them apart, but other 
Italian fans managed to obtain 
tickets for a so-called “neutral 
zone” adjacent to foe British sec- 
tion, CharlBS .F«r riinftnrf Nofoomb, 

the Belgian interior minister, said. 

It was assumed that the neutral 
section would be filled mostly by 
Belgians and other non-Italian 
spectators, Mr. Nofoomb said. The 
tickets for foe section were sold in 
Belgium, bm many were purchased 


accept that fully.” 
witnesses reoo 


Witnesses reported that tickets 
to the neutral stand were being sold 
before the game by scalpers at in- 
flated prices. 

Mr. Nofoomb defended foe se- 
curity measures taken by his gov- 
ernment before Wednesday's 
game. 

Asked whether foe 120 police- 
men stationed inside the 
60,000-seat stadium were suffi- 
cient, Mr. Nofoomb said police 
were also needed to keep order out- 
side the stadium and other parts of 
the city. He put foe number of 
police around the outside of the 
stadium at 780. 

Tl is very easy after the drama lo 

say foe police should have been 



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In Russia’s History, Negotiating Means Hold Firm 

As Geneva Talks Resume, Old Traditions Influence Tactics in the Space Age 


Vijrtor P. Karpov, kft,we!comesMax 1 
sides want faster movement in tbe newt 


lehnan to toe Soviet ntisskm for talks. Both 
talks on reducing midear arsenals. Page 5. 


By Seth Mydans 

New York Times Service 

M05C0W — Thirty-five years ago, an 
American diplomat who had spent three years 
at the United Nations, dong with Andrei A. 
Gromyko, derided that a heart-to-heart talk 
might break a persistent deadlock between 
them. 

Taking aside foe man who was to be Soviet 
foreign minister, foe American, Frederick Os- 
born, qwke of his sincere desire to find a solu- 
tion. and said Ire was sure Mr. Gromyko be- 
lieved in his sincerity: 

Looking quicthr ai him a moment, Mr. Gro- 
myko replied, “Mr. Osborn, you may be sincere, 
but governments are never sincere.” 

In foe. aims talks that resumed Thursday in 
Geneva, Americans have been dealing with 
some of foe hardest bargainers, an unsentimen- 
tal breed of men who honor strength and in 
whose language the word “compromise" carries 
overtones of capitulation. 

Literature on Russian negotiating that dates 
back to the early 18th-century time of Peter the 


Great — when a delegation smashed its hosts' 
furniture to demonstrate its independence — 
reads like a cautionary tale against those who 
hope sinc erity, good will ana reasonableness 

- will bring agreements. 

The Russians have grown more sophisticated 
since Peter foe Great, or even since foe days of 
Stalin, when outright insults were part of foe 

- ne gotiating repertory. But they remain unrelent- 
ing negotiators who stake out extreme positions 
and writ for their adversaries to make conces- 
sions. 

Not long ago, a senator, meeting with a Soviet 
negotiator at troop-reduction talks in Vienna, 
asked when Moscow planned to respond to a 

Washington proposal 

The Russian, evidently reluctant to make it 
appear that the Americans were taking the ini- 
tiative, replied: "We will have no response. But 
soon we will be presenting a new position.” 

Misunderstandings and unrealistic hopes re- 
garding negotiations with foe Russians have led 
to disappointments and lost opportunities over 
foe years, and one negotiator after another has 


left his successors a new set of rules of foe road 
for dealing with the Russians. 

These include the need for patience, self- 
control, firmness and a low-key response to the 
seesaw swings in atmosphere that the Russians 
often impose. 

They describe foe futility of uying to “bank 
good will,” the dangers of “negotiating with 
oneself and foe folly of trying to budge the 
Russians from what they see as being in their 
best interest. 

“Russians can be dealt with satisfactorily 
only when they themselves want something ana 
feel themselves in a dependent position^ said 
George F. Kerman, the diplomat and historian, 
in listing bis own rules of behavior. 

Students of Soviet-American negotiations say 
some difficulties stem from cultural differences. 

Americans, they say, raised in a mercantile 
tradition of trades and bargaining, see negotia- 
tion as a game of give-and-take in which both 

(Continued on Page 5, CoL 1) 


here or there," he said. “Then may- 
be the violence would have hap- 
pened elsewhere. The police had to 
be everywhere." 

Although several fights and a 
robbery in Brussels were attributed 
to fans the afternoon before the 
game, spectators io the stadium 
were generally peaceful during a 
warm-up soccer match held in the 
early evening. 

The trouble started about a hour 
before the kickoff when British 
fans began hurling bottles and oth- 
er objects at foe nearby Italians, 
witnesses said. The two groups 
were only separated by a wire 
fence. 

Mr. Nofoomb said 40 police 
were positioned between the two 
groups, but this figure was disputed 
by witnesses who said police at- 

(Continued on Page 4, CoL 1) 


INSIDE 


■ A third member of an .Ameri- 

can family was accused of pro- 
viding navy information to the 
Russians. Page 3. 

■ Nicaragua and Miskito Indi- 
an leaders reported negotia- 
tions broke down. Page 3. 

■ A Papandreoo ctaDenger said 

that the Greek people yearn for 
a change. P&ge& 

■ North and South Korean offi- 
cials said they made progress on 
reuniting families and agreed to 
meet again on Aug. 27/Page 6 . 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 

■ RJ. Reynolds reportedly of- 
fered $5 billion in cash for Na- 
bisco Brands Inc. Page 10. 

SPECIAL REPORT 

■ After deregulation, the avia- 
tion shakeout. Part II of a two- 
part special report. Page U 







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Rebek 

He Discounts Attacks and Puts Faith in Economic Gains 


Philippine forces would stop the 
insurgents. “We’ll wipe them out." 
he said “Ultimately, well wipe out 
the insurgents." 

He declined to predict when this 
might be achieved. 

Mr. Marcos conceded that in re- 


General Ver “must be reinstated” 
as chief of staff if he is acquitted 
But he left open the prospect that 
the general would stay for only a 
short period to save face, and then 
retire. . 

“I intend to go along with the 
decision of the court.” Mr. Marcos 


By William Branigtn 

niuAiiflgnifi rmt Serxiiv 

MANILA — President Ferdi- 
nand E. Marcos has acknowledged 
alarm over the growth of Conunu- 
nist rebellion in the Philippines, 
but he vowed to stop the insurgents 
militarily and said he did not need 

help from foreign troops. a nave own he a dded “that means ne goes to 

“We are also alarmed" Mr. Mar- of surprise attacks on jail or is executed whatever is the 
cos said in an interview Wednesday and raiiitaw msutUawns r addfa J < ^ vic u 01L « Io theevetttof aguiIW 
when asked about U.S. concerns ent parts of ^K'JX of Mng. Mr. Marcos said, “I would 
that the Communist insurgency is playjri them ' down urn wor commzn ^ who has 

spreading. h Stain attachments but still must 

He said he was listening to the His assttsnKn . y_s comply with his duty. 


r fflsaaas 

have been able to cany outa added “that means he goes to 

nim no attacks on government ne anueu, , . JrL .u_ 


jj^ ^ 

strength oT the Communist New 
People's Army. “But we do not 
agree with anyone that they can 
ever take over the country. No way. 


officials, who have been urging a 
coordinated civilian effort to back 
ud military counterinsurgency op- 
erations and bead off a possible 
Communist takeover. 

William J. Casey, director of the 
Central Intelligence Agency, re- 
cently conferred here with Mr. 
Marcos on the insurgency, among 
oiber topics. Mr. Marcos said he 

ucutiii. ui .«— • had told Mr. Casey that what need- 

the military would concentrate on gj changing was the “perception of 
improving discipline, training and lhe .American people." who had 
. _ . .7 i i r.J Clones 


They just don't have the capa 

qr" .. 

To counter the insurgents, Mr. 
Marcos said, he has released bud- 
get reserves to create “a few more 
battalions.” but he declined to gw: 
details. In the meantime, he said 


logistical support. 

Mr. Marcos dodged a question 
on whether the United States had 
offered any special assistance for 
the counterinsurgency effort, but 
he ruled out any appeal for foreign 
troops. 

-It is our policy to fight our in- 
ternal wars alone.” he said “We 
will not allow any foreign troops to 
come in, unless it's an outright in- 
filtration of massive enemy 


troegs. 


Marcos insisted that the of objections 


been fed “exaggerated stories 
about the rebellion. 

On another matter. Mr. Marcos n 
said he would abide by the decision lings and 
of a court Hying his armed forces not be rr " 
chief of staff and dose confidant. 

General Fabian C. Ver, along with 
24 other military men and one civil- 
ian in connection with the 1983 
assass ination of Benigno S. Aquino 
j r „ the opposition leader, as he 
returned from exile. 

He affirmed that, despite signals 
from Wa 


Washington, 



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• M/S ASTOR ar sea 



A key prosecution witness in the 
case, Rebecca Quijano, is expected 
to be recalled next week for cross- 
examination of her testimony that 
a military guard shot Mr. Aquino 
at the Manila International Air- 
port. The assassination triggered a 
political and economic crisis; pro- 
testers demanded Mr. Marcos's 
resignation and foreign lenders sus- 
pended credit to the government 

In the interview, Mr. Marcos, 67, 
who has been in power for 20 years, 

also said he would ruafor president 

again iii 1987. He described other 
presidential aspirants as “weak- 
— ” — ' “ i: ~htweights" who can- 
to fend off commu- 
nism, maintain his programs and 
make politically unpalatable deci- 
sions to promote economic recov- 
ery. 

While his harshest remarks were 
reserved for political opposition 
leaders, whom he did not name, 
Mr. Marcos also disparaged presi- 
dential contenders in his own New 
Society Movement 

“There are some people who 1 
think can be buDt up,” he said, “but 
it mil take me several years to build 
them up, to quit this tendency to- 
wards talking too much and this 
self-indulgent idea of self-impor- 
tance.” 

He ruled out a presidential bid 
by his wife, Imelda, insisting that 
they had agreed she would never 
run for president 

Of his political foes, Mr. Marcos 



Reagan 
On Tax Plan, Aides Say 



would consider reducing the top 
individual rate in Us plan. 35_ per- 
cent, in response'!© congressional 
washing i urn pressure forstffltowcrrates. “We’d 

Ronald Reagan hreassert edth ai ro down' further, but 

hard to 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Feat Stnice 

WASHINGTON — President 


fixation piarTby Congress is all 

h«t inevi table,” and ad min is tration 
officials say he is ready to compro- 
mise on most aspects of his new 
proposal in hopes of winning ap- 
proval by October. 

“Even those in this town who ate 
stiQ reluctant are being lifted 
and carried forward by tnem o men- 


excee din g 

i do that” the official 


B anglad esh Death. T< 



ied Cross and Red wortes visit 

More victims are f.^r^SSSaccessiUe because aHugh seas. 


. - PWCS?* 

25 percent and 35 percent —wmle 

-fiminating many tax breaks for 
individuals and corporations. 

ano cameo .« Treasury Salary James A. 
turn of public support for a funds- Baker 3 d said Wednesday that the 
mental change in our tax laws,” administration “expkjrca tnepos- 
President Reagan told a group of ability of a lowo- tap rate for mai- 
ethnir, aid religious leaders at the vjkhials and “wc explored it in quite 
White House on Wednesday. some detail and quite some depth 
The adminis tration published because we too would have pre- 
details Wednesday of the Reagan f erred to sec a lower top rate, but 
proposal showing that it would re- we think there are some problems 
dace tax individual payments by with getting there.” 

5.2 percent overall by 1990 while Mr. Baker said one problem was 
raising corporate tax payments ^ top rates “obviously 
said, “I won't mention names, but I 215 percent. This shift in tax bur- [he highest bracket tax- 

have a dossier on each and every den« would come at the same time the most" and this would 

one of them. I know what they’ve as the elimination or cunaflinent of “impede the chances of the propos- 
been doing.” many existing tax breaks in ex- J eering the Congress.” 

Mr. Marcos tended to belittle change few lower rates. 

set the tone for what 


Ferdinand E. Marcos 


Non-Communist Cam bodian s Ifoifr 

jgggassaB a asa eag* 

i,Zi tlrecoaBtk«orfonw*atn^«a 

-jsasiBfSsi’*' 

&rio£EXon FronLled by Sou ^ 

sasra^ssstfsisssss 


recent guerrilla attacks. 

Since the weekend, 70 persons 
have been reported killed in dashes 
in at least 10 provinces in different 
parts of the archipelago containing 
52 milli on people. 

Mr. Marcos described the at- 
tacks as desperate attempts to score 
gains before the Philippine econo- 
my improves because of a long- 
delayed agreement this month be- 
tween the government and foreign 
commercial creditors to reschedule 
the country's debts and extend S3.9 
billion in new loans and trade cred- 
its. 

Economic recovery may help the 
government fight the insurgents, he 
said, “but you have to defeat them 
in battle. We have to beat them in 
the field of their own choosing. If 
we don't immediately meet them 
on their own ground, they nil] 
malfg. the price for society and 
peace and order so high that it may 
be too costly to contemplate.” 


Mr. Rt™ . 

is expected to be a long Lobbying 
effort by celebrating the tax cuts in 
hk p lan and denying the existence 
of tax increases. “Oar proposal is 
not a tax increase and it mil not 
increase the deficit,” he said. 

At the same time, a senior ad- 
ministration official said that Mr. 
Reagan was open to compromise 
with Congress on almost all de- 
ments of bis proposal including 
lower individual rates, but not the 
elimination of the deduc ti on for 
state and local income taxes. 

That provision, opposed -by offi- 
cials in high-tax states, is expected 
to provoke a major battle m the 
congressional debate. The senior 
official, who spoke on the condi- 
tion tha t he not be identified, said 
the new revenue involved was so 
large — about $40 billion by 1990 
— as to wiafce it im possi ble to com- 
promise. 

The official said Mr. Reagan 


“I can’t always choose my destination, 

but thank goodness 
I can choose the airline.” 


This is an authentic passenger statement. 




Lufthansa 


He said that “80 percent of all 
taxpayers are winners under this 
proposal." But the White House 
reported that 58.1 percent of fam- 
ilies would get a tax decrease from 
Mr. Reagan's proposal 21.2 per- 
cent no mange, and 20.7 percent a 
tax increase. 

■ Reagan on the Road 

Mr. Reagan embarked Thursday 
on a series of appearances outride 
Washington to marshal public sup- 
port for the proposed tax reforms, 
The Associated Press reported 
from Oshkosh, Wisconsin. 

Mr. Reagan traveled first to Wil- 
liamsburg, Vi rginia, and then to 
Oshkosh. He is to make a speech 
Friday in Pennsylvania. 

In Wisconsin, he complained 
[fy fu the current system was so un- 
fair it encouraged honest taxpayers 
to cheat, and declared, “It's time 
we rebelled." 

He said that under present law, 
“decent dozens" are “called before 
the Internal Revenue Service to an- 
swer for their income -and expendi- 
tures aud-'-dunv their papers and 
their proof in a drama that is as 
common as it is demeaning.” 

As Mr. Reagan spoke, three 
young women stripped off their T- 
shirts and sat bare-breasted on the 
shoulders of friends in a protest of 
his foreign polices. 

The demonstrators waved signs 
that read: “Naked Not Nuked,” 
“Quit Staring — Join Us” ami 
“Our Emperor Has No Gothes.” 

Other signs denounced U.S. poli- 
cies in Central America. One said, 
“Impeach the Bum." 



Chess Match Replay to Be in Moscow 

Marsdte and 

the two Soria phym ™ Wtod mKbrafl' ^ 

48 games by President 

SEt thftiro players ^requested Moscow as the ate of the match. 

2 More Mentioned in Papal Plot Trial 

ROME (Reuters) — New evidence at the trial of eight men charged 
with plotting to murder Pope John Paul n could lead torijags agam* 
two Sue suspects, according to the P^^vAnjraoM^. 

Mr. Marimasked for an offia^ 

Rome court Wednesday byOmer Bago, 

Mehmet Ali Agea the gun that was used m the attedc on thepppem SL 

olHlviL, . , m 1 1 iQfli Mr.BascL trader mtensequestkmmg by 


, 1 libit s tf’M 



Erdem Eyup, met withlhim and Mr. Agca in Often, Switzerland, m April 
1981 

On the day after the assassination attempt, Mr. Bago add, Mr- Eyw} 
showed him newspaper headlines of the incident and ttdd him it was t& 
work of^ “our Ago? He said he had later conceded that “they were m the 
plot with Agca. 

For die Record 

IrdandTs constitutional ban on divorce does not contravene ibe Enropfr 
an Convention on Human Rights, the Strasbourg Conumsam of Human 
Rights said in a report published Thmsday. The report raid that tbc right 
to marry guaranteed by the convention does not mdude the right to 
divorce and marry again. 





on 

chief, — 

Chinese- American journalist. 


Reagt 


(Continued from Page 1) 

duding almost all the party’s prom- 
inent presidential possibilities, 
picked up the Rostenkowskd theme 
that Democrats had bon there first 
on the issue of tax reform and that 
Democrats would be needed to 
hold the Reagan administration to 
its professed commitments. 

Among those jumping aboard 
the tax-reform bandwagon were 
Governor Mario M. Cuomo of 
New York, a potential Democratic 



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ts sharply critical of one key provi- 
sion of the Reagan plan, arid two 
House members with presidential 
ambitions and their own tax-sim- 
plification bills. Representative 
Jack Kemp, a New York Republi- 
can, and Richard A. Gephardt, a 
Missouri Democrat, who is the 
chairman of the House Democratic 
Caucus. 

Mr. Cuomo, Who has been the 
most vocal critic of the Reagan 
proposal to end deductibility of 
state and local taxes, nonetheless 
said Wednesday that be was “very 
much for what the president is try- 
ing to accomplish in the overall 
bOL" He added: “Il's wfaat we have 
already done here in New York.” 

Mr. Kemp, who had said Tues- 
day that he “cannot support the 
plan as long as the top income tax 
rate remains at 35 percent." said 
Wednesday that he was “not posi- 
tioning myself as an opponent." 

“It's basically a good bill" he 
added, “and I want to make it bet- 
ter.” 


Mr. Kemp is feeling pressure 
from Mr. Ctiomo todefrad tbe tax- 
deductibility of state and local tax- 
es, which wduld be more expensive 
to heavily taxed New Yorkers than 
to residents of almost any other 
state. At the same time. Mr. Kemp 
is a longtime tax-reform advocate 
who sees his potential 1988 rival 
Vice President Georae Bush, mov- 
ing actively to identify himself with 
the potential success of the Reagan 
plan. 

Usually, Mr. Bush is reticent 
about his role in administration po- 
licy debates, but his spokesman, 
Martin Fitzwatcr, has said that Mr. 
Bush has argued actively for rested 
mg some of the tax advantages to 
the oil and gas industry that had 
been ticketed for elimination. 

Mr. Gephardt, who had accused 
Mr. Reagan on Tuesday of “sdl- 
outs” to special interests arid of 
espousing “not tax reform, but tax 
retreat,” reversed himself Wednes- 
day and said the president “should 
be commended for a far-reaching 
and significant proposal" 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


Page 3 

c* 


| ‘fail, Toil i- ''' Sandimst-Indian Talks 

Break Off in Discord 

• . : . -, r : ‘ ‘ i. , f * " - 

h - ’ • By Stephen Kinzer “arbitrary and absurd attitude’ 


b Ttgz* .. — 

!' v?V'-.- ■ - 


win*! { 




By Stephen Kinzer 

'• • New York Times Senice 

MANAGUA — Peace talks be- 
. ■" tween government leaders and Nk> 
■ - aragua’s Miskito Indians have col- 

v ' lapsed after six months, according 
b. u> negotiators for "both sides. ' 

The fourth round of talks , held 
.'..w - last weekend in Bogoti Colombia, 
‘ ' • dissolved amid rancor and asser- 
■■■ lions of insincerity and bad faith. 
Each side accused the other of 
breaking off the negotiations, 
h Both sides said they hoped the 
^ talks would resume despite the ma- 
jor differences. 

. “It is not exactly a breakdown, 
i. but the talks are at a dead pom," 
. said Brooklyn Rivera, who beaded 
the Miskito delegation. 

’< . Mr. Rivera said that the Sand in - 
ist negotiating position appeared to 


Heat- 


“arbitrajy and absurd attitude” of 
the Indian delegates. 

Mr. C^mAn, who is on the on the 
nine-member Sandinist National 
Directorate, suggested that four 
Americans who were present at the 
talks as advisers to the Miskitos 
might have, wanted the talks to fail 
because they were connected to 
“some agency” of the United States 
government. 

Mr. Rivera rejected the allega- 
tion. desoibing the four as lawyers 
and sociologists “who are there to 
support Indian rights and have no 
link at all with die American gov- 
ernment.” 

The Saadinists opened negotia- 
tions with Mr. Rivera last year. 

In April both sides agreed “to 
avoid offensive military actions’' in 
the Atlantic coast region where 
anti-Sandimst guerrillas operate. 



Third Member of Family Is Accused 
Of Spying on U.S. Navy for Russians 


J£_ 

BAUME & MERCIEfl 




. . w 

S ■ • X* 



The Associated Press of the most serious breaches of John Anthony Walker Jr,, intended 

NORFOLK, Virginia — A for- navy security in history. The FBI to deliver or transmit these items to 
mer U.S. Navy officer who had a has said it has information that ‘the Russians.' " 
lop-seCT« security clearance has John Walker has been spring for g Pentagon Briefs Lehman 
admitted being part of a spy ring the Soviet Union for 15 to IS years. v c*™.,,-.. i'h_ r i 
that includStos brother andneph- Jack Wagner, special agent in j. rSvS aTriS ft' 

ew and has confessed that he was charge of the Norfolk FBI office, f rCL Sl“ rl a bn f m 2$ ; hc 
paid S12.000 for con fiA^U al infor- aaUiha, the uvcnigition w* no. J^ h ^5Sa[ lha Rush's m 

5K 1 - - — 

Arthur James Walker, 50, was „ ^ ) stires might be necessary. navToffi- 

anested on espionage charges at 1 ™ re - riak told The Washineion Post 

Ms Virginia Beach home on While distressed about what 'in- 

Wednesday night, according to the formation might have been com- 

Fed^B^oftovat^on. promi.^ no^ ofndals Mid Ita 

He appeared Thmday before Je had turned oSr navy defense "™ e of Walkm *J e a ™>' 
U.S. Maasmte CHben ft. s^ik plans ^ ^ brother for deliven- 10 of special clearatices needed to gain 
Jr. in Norfolk, who delayed his pre- f. - , , . - w in ' access to information about super- 


according to the FBI. 


“There could be other arrests,” 






Ht'jtl; 


.tnbmed the change to a recent de- There ^ve been several dashes in 
. ciskm by the ruling SandmisL From tfae area since then, including one 
to name Interior Minister Tomas wee k on the outskirts of the 
Borge Martinez to oversee the talks region's largest community. Blue- 
and all matters relating to Indian odds. 

u , . , ... 1# The principal differences be- 

‘pis problem is the irect result tween the two *des appear to con- 
of the fact that the hard-liners are _ irJhf anil In fix an anfnnrx- 




Arthur James Walker, 50, was he “I won't give any time 


&T 


fftadS drfon* ^ ^ die array 

Plans lo his brother for delivery .0 


limmary hearing until Monday, 
giving him more timg u> retain a 


- theSt^eiLinion. acror^ng to an access to mformation about super- 
y, pgj sensitive U.S. anii-submonne war- 

. - * Anhur Walker was paid S12.000 fare, or "black" programs. 

and ordered nun beld with- ^ ^ ^ provided, the Nevertheless, the less sensitive 

01,1 “M- affidavit said. material thought to have been giv- 

John Anthony Walker Jr., 47. a The retired Naw lieutenant en 10 the Russians by ihe Walkers 
retired navy communications spe- commander, whose expertise was might have revealed the pattern 
cialisi and Arthur Walker's broth- j n submarines and anu-submarine and scale of U.S. anti-submarine 
er. and John Walker’s son. Mi- warfare, still holds a secret dear- operations, they said, 
chaej, a seaman aboard the earner an eg for his work with a defense "Sources and methods, that's 
Nimitz, were formally indicted on contractor, the FBI said. what we have to worrv about riaht 

espionage charges Tuesday by a The agency said that Arthur now." an intelligence official said. 




av t<i 


■ now in char ge of the entire region, 

Ul jU, led by Tomds Borge himself,” Mr. 

. ' w Rivera said by telephone from San. 

. 1 r,r -‘ Jose, Costa Baca. He said that Mr. 

* .> . Borge had M a wariike attitude” and 

was "very racist and anti-Indian 
r 'L-i.' .rights." 

The Sandinist delegation was 
headed by Luis Carrion Cruz, a 
deputy interior minister. On 
-.v*. .. Wednesday morning,. Mr. CarriAn . 
*«r . said the appointment of Mr. Borge 


cem security and Indian autono- 
my. 


PROSECUTION RESTS — Claus von Billow reflect- 
ed in a Providence, Rhode Island, courtroom as the state 
completed its case Wednesday that be tried to murder 
his wife with insulin. The defense lawyer argued that she 
nsed drugs and went Into a coma “by her own hand.” 


espionage charges Tuesday by a The agency said that Arthur 
federal grand jury in Baltimore. Walker worked as an engineer Tor 
They were arrested last week. [b e Chesapeake branch of the VSE 


"Sources and methods, that’s 
whai we have to worry about right 
now." an intelligence official *id. 
referring to secret techniques devel- 


GATT Delays a Stand on Embargo of Nicaragua 


By Iain Guest to the wodd trading system and 

International Herald Tribune free trade. 

fiFNFVA — The General The decision Wednesday by the 
TerifS ani TnJ 88-member policy-making round] 
ofGATTtoSdesiroSeiSiiecame 


- . said the apmoint^t of Mr. Borge Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 

. '' bad not aKIed government po- . has put off a request by Niraragua ^ . j Qn Nicara . 

lioilcvl m D.» in licy. Mr. Rivera’s assertion, he said, to condemn the Reagan admims- . omplamL GATT is the 

Si * 111 * ti P a l Plot] , . was “ a vg y excuse " for tiie trade 85 a threat U^tedNatio^a^ncy Sat negoti- 


^ the Chesapeake branch of the VSE oped in the last 20 vein to locate 
oma by her own hand. | OfGaals have called the case one Corp.. which does business with the every submerged Soviet submarine. 

1 navy. His work at VSE involves 

“United States Naw carrier and , These sens.uvc micRv 

Embargo of Nicaragua ® LSo ° p " pi,ig "' diI '‘ :< - 

O n Attorneys for the John Walker 

The trade embargo “is definitely from the European Commission, ^ * iavc ^ Ult 

i infringement on free trade" said which acts for the 10 members of 

-it hr»in r.ATT Several Third World delegations, numbo 1 of occasions, beginning in 


an infringement on free trade" said which acts for the 10 men 
Georg Reisch, Austria's chief rep- the European Community, 
resentative at the United Nations i j.i. 




V.S. (Mile Station to Exchange 
Journalists , News With Soviet 


The Associated Press 

ATLANTA — The 24-hoar Ca- 


Eastera bloc consortium of televi- 


ates trade liberalization and adju- 
dicates trade disputes. 

The council decided by consen- 
sus to ask its current' chairman, 
Kazuo Chiba of Japan, to consult 
delegates on whether the complaint 
should be raised at future GATT 
meetings. Delegates- predicted that 
the decision meant that the com- 


-I, aZZcthdn GATT Third World delegations, number of occasions, beginning in 

and^doesn’t help the U S°dS ^ch st^rt^n^pjn m the approximately September 1980 he 
H council, described Article 21 as a turned over to his brother. John 

tor a new roun . “loophole" in the GATT agree-, Anthony Walker Jr, documents, 

Nicaragua has been nving to men t, because it requires no justifi- files, photographs, booklets and 
mobilize support in the UN system cation about what constitutes a defense plans relating to United 
since the lJh._irade embargo was threat to security. States Naval forces, knowing that 


ble News Network will exchange broadcasting system announced 
news and journalists with the Son- Wednesday. 


sion systems, the Atlanta-based phum. would be dropped, 
broadrostmg system announced - BasicaIIy ^ do not ifce this 


issue” sard one Western delegate, 
;r . > et Union under a new agreement,' The chairman of Turner Broad- who asked not to be identified/! t’s 
" the networks owner. Turner casting, Ted Turner, signed the too politicaL" 

Broadcasting System, has an- one-year agreement in Moscow this Diplomats expressed concern 
n0l ^L r , A . week with Sergei G. Lapin, chair- that the result would anger Third 

CNN becomes tiie first Amen- man of the Soviet State Committee World nations, which look to 
can news organization to be affih- for Television and Radio. r.ATT for omnon against la«wr 


mobilize support u the UN system 
since the Ua. trade embargo was 
imposed May 7. 

Orlando Sdorzano, Nicaragua’s 
vice minister for external trade, 
told the GAIT council that the 
embargo had seriously affected his 
countiy’s ability to import spare 
parts and export its raw materials. 
This, he said, had hurt the agricul- 
tural and industrial sectors, which 


Study Calls Reporters a ^Necessity’ 
Where U.S. Troops Are in Combat 


York Tma Fund Task Force on the Military 

tS an (Industrial sectors?which . NEW YORK— The presence of and the Media," also described a 
he said are 60 percent privatdy 


owned 


forces are fighting is e-eamtial — the relationship between joumal- 


:* ^i=r f. Jn 

* • K • \ 


, . - . , . . . „ . Ior lewvtsion ana tcaaio. GATT for support against larger 

ated directly with Interaaon. the Besides news and journalists, the trading blocs, md would lessen 

— two television systems will be able their enthusiasm to participate in 

to exchange entertainment pro- the new round of trade talks tenta- 
Prague Aide to Viat China grants, the announcement said, tivdy agreed on at the Bonn eco- 
■ne They also will cooperate on a six- nomic summit meeting this month. 

horn- documentary, “Portrait of the Many Third Worid countries 

BEIJING — China has - an- Soviet Union." have reservations about liberalizing 

nounced that Syatopluk Potak, a American television networks trade in. services such as banking, 
deputy prime minister of Czech o- have had agreements for exchange shipping and insurance, in which 
Slovakia, will visit earty in June. He of specific programming with the Western industrialized nations like 
will be the highest Prague official Soviet Union in the past, but no the United States hold a decided 
to visit Beijing since 1959. general arrangement. advantage. 


I Rt'tincn 


the embargo by invoking Article 21 
of the GATT agreement, which al- 
lows countries to impose sanctions 
when they consider their security to 
be threatened. 


news organizations. 
The responsibilit' 


military officers view each other 
. . . with suspicion, the report rondud- 

ror making ^ ^ a trend could be dan- 


j ■ • x . . ... “ yu, uuu j uv u a uv.uu t, 

it security to decisions on ansorship m mihtaiy gerou s for the nation. 

phraiM nnth tl» A D 


The Associated Press 

■ BEIJING — China has- anr 
nounced that Svatopluk Potak, a 


the United States hold a decided 
advantage. 


* — • a . . F EUvUO | V >1 III L i i n i i ll] i _ 

be threaieiud. acuoes should rest wuh Jhc pres.- Edward N. Coslifcvan, a lawyer 

"I do not intend to debate the not J vl . ^ based in New York, was chairman 

national security reasons for our a* 5 * 1 ™ “ c import, issued ^ ^ |as jj f orce 0 f 13 that made 

action in this of any other GATT bya research orgamza- ^ report. j t consisted of former 

forum" Mr. Murphy said. “GATT ^ a -. T“ e . rc P°T t wa - s pronipted by military and government officials, 
is a trade organization and has no *rf ffduscm °* the media sc |, 0 | are an d journalists. The 
competence to make judgments on u - s - mvas * on of Grena- Twentieth Century Fund, a fotin- 

such matters." 02 m V5J ' da cion based in New York, has 


competence to make judgments on 
such matters." 

The interpretation was support- 


The report, “Battle Lines: Re- done similar reports on other pub- 


ed by Tran Van Tinh, the delegate port of the Twentieth Century lie issues. 



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P age 4 INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 

THE VIOLENCE IN BRUSSELS / TV Coverage Brought Soccer Riots to Millions of European Viewers 


Television Networks Criticized 
For Covering Game After Riot 


By Joseph Fitchert 

htti'maawJl Herald Tribune 

PARIS — European television 
networks were criticized Thursday 
by viewers and commentators for 
proceeding to broadcast the Euro 
pcan Cup soccer final Walnesday 
night in Brussels despite rioting be- 
fore the game in which scores of 
people were killed or injured. 

Eurovision, the Europe-wide 
network, broadcast the scenes of 
the rioting, filmed by Belgian tele- 
vision. to about 400 million viewers 
across Western Europe and in parts 
of Africa. But once the game began, 
networks did not interrupt it to 
provide spot news coverage of the 

rescue operation and the plight of 
the victims. Most gave the distur- 
bance extensive news treatment at 
halftime and after the game. 

European television executives 
defended their decision, saying that 
they saw no reason to stop the 
program once European soccer of- 
ficials decided to start the game. 
The soccer authorities said they 
went ahead with the game to avoid 
more violence in the stadium anu 
on the streets of Brussels. 

The situation reminded observ- 
ers of the Munich Olympic Games 
in 1972 when Palestinian terrorists 
kidnapped and killed Israeli ath- 
letes. Television did a better job at 
Munich in switching its focus to the 
news, a French journalist said 


Thursday, adding that “the orga- 
nizers at least delayed events for a 
decent interval” after the Israeli 
athletes were killed 

The Games were suspended for 
24 hours after the death of 17 per- 
sons _ including 1 1 Israeli athletes 
—in the incident. 

In another comparison, profes- 
sional football games in the United 

States proceeded normally jus it wo 

days after the assassination of Pres- 
ident John F. Kennedy on Nov. 22, 
1963. . . 

After Wednesdays noting, a 
West German network, ZDF, re- 
fused to show the game, saying thaL 
it was no longer regarded as a 
sports event. “Not a celebration of 
sport a tragedy for sport,” said an 
official of ZDF. West Germany’s 

second channel. 

Switzerland's national television, 
DRS, suspended its live coverage at 
half-time. 

In Britain. Belgium. France, Ita- 
ly and other European countries, 
television carried the violence and 
Lhen the game. 

“We hoped the Belgians would 
interrupt the much, but with 40 
dead, it would have been worse to 
have nothing.” said a journalist at 
RAI, Italy’s state-run television 
network. 

Newspaper and broadcast, jour- 
nalists in many European countries 
repeatedly questioned Thursday 
the decision by officials to proceed 


with the game after the deaths and 
also the networks’ policy of letting 
news coverage wait until after the 
game. 

The French sports newspaper, 
L'Equipe, said, critically, “sports 
eclipsed human tragedy. France's 
commercial radio station, Europe 
1, ran several critical commentar- 
ies. 

An anchorman at France's state- 
run TF1 network said the station 
received many phone calls protest- 
ing its decision to show the game 
rather than cancel coverage. 

Serge July, editor of the Paris 
daily Liberation, said in an editori- 
al Thursday, “Soccer and the need 
to show it completely censored cov- 
erage of a major event in our societ- 
ies." 

Ii was as if Europeans, be contin- 
ued, were “afraid to see live the 
violence that is part of the reality of 
Europe.” 

Belgian television did all the 
camera work and chose the images 
for international transmission. 
Each customer nation of Eurovi- 
sion had correspondents at the 
game to do the voice transmission. 

A source at the stale-owned Bel- 
gian television justified the net- 
work's coverage, saying that it 
showed pregame violence vividly 
and assumed that networks would 
return to the news story after the 
game. 


U.K. to Compensate Soccer Victims 


(Continued from Page 1) 

British dubs do not take measures 
to prevent this sort of thing, I will 
not allow — and I will ask the 
government to approve tins — Brit- 
ish teams to partidpate in sporting 
events on Belgian soil.” 

The incident. he said, raised the 
“fundamental question” of wheth- 
er a country can be expected to 
mount vast and intrusive security 
operations for the sake of what is 
supposed to be a recreational 
event 

“We are not going to transform 
Belgium into a police state, even if 


only for an afternoon,” Mr. No th- 
umb said 

The Belgian decision to ban Brit- 
ish t eams seemed to reflect a mood 
of shock and consternation in this 
country and elsewhere in Europe 
after Wednesday's disaster. 

The scenes of carnage, rebroad- 
cast on television news programs 
Thursday, contrasted oddly with 
the festive air that prevailed in the 
stadium when the game, delayed 
for 90 minutes by the violence, fi- 
nally got under way with the Italian 
team winning 1-0. 

The Dutch newspaper De Tele- 
graaf said, “Watdiing the match 


Seating Plan Went Awry 


(Continued from Page 1) 
tempted to charge the British fans 
but retreated under a hail of mis- 
siles and other objects. 

The Liverpool supporters finally 
broke through the fence and surged 
into the section occupied by the 
Italians, creating panic as people 
tried to escape the area. 

Many of the Italian spectators 
were crushed against a concrete 
wall on the other side of the sec- 
tion. Part of the wall finally col- 
lapsed under the pressure, and des- 


perate fans pushed down a fence 
and barrier at the base of the 
stands. Bodies tumbled down the 
stands, piling up at the base where 
many of the victims suffocated or 
were trampled. 

Jacques Georges, the president 
of the European soccer federation 
that governs the sport, said, “The 
police force was not very well used. 
They were positioned outside the 
stadium, and not in the stadium 
where they would have been more 
useful.” 



J liven ms players parade the European Cup in Brussels after defeating Liverpool 1-0. 


V'" . ' 



I V ’ 

‘ SjM'U* 

[tf 1 , 

•Li* 


Joe Fagan, ri 


on their return from the Brussels maicu. 


after so many deaths was compara- 
ble to enjoying a meal in a restau- 
rant after somebody had just died.” 

Officials of the European Union 
of Football Associations, which 
governs international soccer 
games, said that the decision to 
play the game was made out of the 
fear that canceling it might have led 
to even greater violence. They said 
that Belgian security officials 
agreed that to allow the game to go 
on provided time to arrange for 
better control of crowds as they left 
the stadium. 

Meanwhile. Belgian officials, de- 
fending the precautions token at 
the game, said that they had been 
unable to guard against several un- 
foreseen circumstances. 

At a press conference, Mr. Noth- 
omb said that there were about 
1,000 national and local police on 
the scene before the game started, 
including 120 inside the stadium. 
He claimed that that was more than 
at comparable games in the past. 

“The unhappy and fatal element 
in this was that the violence came 
about an hour before the match 
started, that is before the securirt 1 
arrangements made for the match 
had been put into place.” Mr. 
Nothomb said. 



Fans’ Violence I l ink ed, » 
To Cycle of Aggression 


Policemen and rescue workers search amid bodies in the stands for possible survivors. 


■ By Richard D. Lyons 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — An American 
expert - on sports-related violence 
said Wednesday that the riot by 
soccer fans in Brussels was the 
product of a “vicious cycle of ag- 
gressive events that perpetuate 
themselves.” 

Dr. Jeffrey H. Goldstein, a pro- 
fessor of psychology at Temple 
University in Philadelphia, said 
that outbreaks of aggression such 
, _ as that in Brussels on Wednesday 
’tfjjj involved events that occurred much. 

^ earlier. 

“The people watching an aggres- 
sive sport are likely to become 
more aggressive themselves,” Mr. 
Goldstein said, “thus the sequence 
of events tends to perpetuate itself 
— the fans themselves feel aggres- 
sive, they sense or see aggression, 
and then they act aggressively.” 

Mr. Goldstein, who has edited a 
book on the subject, said in a tele- 
phone interview that “oocea chain 
of aggressive events like this starts 
it is very hard to stop.” 

He said that factors contributing 
to such riots, which have taken 
place lately in Europe and Chinti, 
include high unemployment, espe- 
cially among working-class youths. 

“But social das or economic 
considerations are not the main 
roots — it's nationalism, pure and 
simple,” Mr. Goldstein continued. 
“In an era of instant communica- 
tions, people increasingly are tnak- 
” mg nationalist issues of interna- 
. tional sporting events, and the 


“International spotting events 
have become tests of the rightness 
or wrongness of ideology,** be said, 
“and everyone seems lobe contrib- 
uting to the notion that It's ns 
against them.’ ” 

The theme was echoed by Dr. 
T homas A. Tutko, a professor of 
psychology at San Jose State Uni- . 
verstyin San Jose, California, who 
has studied the behavior of fans ~ 

“It’s certainly good that we don't 
have more wars,” he said, “but in 
their relative absence it has been 
the athletes who have taken the 
. identities of warriors, especially so 
at international sports events.” 

“I see a progression of events in 
the international sports world that 
is getting worse, which, at its cen- 
ter, involves the over-identification 
of ways of life with athletes,” Mr. 
Tutko continued. “Thus the bot- 
tom line is the final score, and a 
loss leads to great embarrassment 
— and fights m the stands.” 

Incidents like those in Brussels 
“lead to great national and interna- - 
tional embarrassment,” be said r* 
“But the riots go beyond soccer in 
that many fans sense that coming 
under chafiengie -rand perhaps de- 
feat — is thor whole concept of 
what they stand for.” 

Abetting this underlying notion 
“is the problem that most of us 
don’t have a tnie sense of worth- 
wMeaess of who and what we are" 

Mr. Tutko said. 


'tilISS 


MIS. I * 1 / 


Fatal Violence at Soccer Stadiums — a Longtime Worldwide Problem 


The Associated Press 


LONDON — Here is a list of some of after China had been eliminated from the 
the major violent or fatal incidents at soc- World Cup by Hong Kong. 


policemen were injured in riots in Beijing of the team's supporters were arrested in a 
after China had been eliminated from the rampage through the streets of Brussels 
World Cup by Hong Kong. before and after a match against Ander- 


cer matches in recent years, before the riot 
Wednesday in Brussels: 

1985 


March 15 — Forty-seven persons were 
injured in fights during a match at Luton, 
25 miles (40 kilometers) north of London, 


May 27 — Eight persons were killed and started by fans of the visiting team. Mill- 
more than 50 were injured in a stampede of w “; , , _ . 

fans trying to get Into a Mexico City stadi- . March 5 - Twenty- three persons were 
urn for a championship game. «P d , 100 arreslcd fights after 

May 11 — A 15-year-old fan was killed a domestic league game at Chdsea, m Loa- 

and 57 others were injured when a wall don - 
coilapsed at a domestic league game in 1984 

Birmingham, England. Sept. 30 — A man who waved the oppos- 

May 1 1 — Although no fan violence was mg team's (lag was fatally stabbed in Mi- 
involved. 53 persons died when a fire en- lan, Italy, and dozens of other Italian soc- 
gulfed the main stand during a match at cer fans were injured in rioting in several 
Bradford City's soccer stadium in northern Italian cities following weekend games. 
England. May 8 — A fan of Tottenham Hotspur, 

May 10 — At least 10 foreigners and an English team, was shot to death and 200 


tacht, a Belgian team. 

1982 

Nov. 18 — Twenty-four persons died 
and more than 200 were injured In a stam- 
pede on an exit ramp in Cali, Colombia, 
after a match between Deportivo Cali and 
Gub America. The stampede started when 
fans on top of a grandstand began urinat- 
ing and throwing firecrackers on those be- 
low. 

1980 

Aug. 17 — Riots during a match in 
Calcutta left 12 persons dead and more 
than 100 injured. 

1971 

Jan. 2 — Sixty-six persons were killed at 


a local match between Glasgow Rangers 
and Celtic in Glasgow. A late goal by the 
Rangers caused spectators, leaving by 
steep-terraced exits, to turn around and 
they were crashed by spectators trying to 
leave. 


June 8 — A disputed match between El 
Salvador and Honduras led to the “Soccer 
War” in which the two countries suffered 
thousands of casualties. The brief war was 
provoked by Honduras’ decision to expel 
many Salvadorans who had settled in Hon- 
duras. 

1964 

May 24 — Nearly 300 people were killed 
and 500 injured after Argentina had beaten 
Peru on a last-minute goal in an Olympic 
qualifying match in Lima. 


For Winners, Victory Is a Heartache 


Compiled br Our Staff From Dispatcher ning around the field to celebrate 

BRUSSELS — “I'm a sad man the 1-B victory over Liverpool On 
and my heart aches,” Michel Pla- the bottom of the picture, special 
tini said after the European Cup Rome phone numbers flashed 
soccer final in which he scored the where Italians could call to find out 
only goal on a penalty kick to beat the fate of relatives who were at the 
Liverpool game and might have been among 

He spoke while television those killed or injured in noting, 
throughout Italy showed members **We were informed of the tragic 
of the Juventus team of Turin run- events that happened, and honest- 


One Englishman’s Reaction: Shame at the Inevitable 


Internatwtuii Herald Tribune 

LONDON — What happened in the Heysel Stadium in 
Brussels on Wednesday has been coming Europe's way for 
a long, long time, longer than the lifetimes of some of 
those who were trampled to death. 

It is a consequence of ignoring the blatant buildup 
toward soccer support as ritualized violence, a warped 
game of urban terrorism that Britain began exporting 15 
years ago. We may fed revulsion but hardly surprise. 

Less than a month ago. on the day that a fire killed 53 
spectators at a Bradford, England, soccer game, a smaller- 
scale Br usse ls was enacted at Birmingham in the English 
Midlands. As in Brussels, violence was expected and 
massive security was in place. Also, as in Brussels, when 
Leeds United hooligans charged, a wall collapsed beneath 
the weight of panicking fans. „ 

A student nurse, clearly identified by her at. John 
Ambulance jacket, knell to comfort a dying youth. As she 
did so. a thug in hob-nailed boots kicked her unconscious. 

Mv shame as an Englishman reporting that became 
compounded 38 limes over while watching television 
Wednesday nighl It was made worse by the appearance of 
Britain's minister for sport, Neil Macfarlane. who at- 
tempted to blame policing arrangements and inadequate 
segregation for what the British hod done in Belgium. 

Here, with death before our eyes, a government spokes- 


man was attempting to justify his efforts despite the 
continued growth of the problem. He said that he became 
concerned Iasi week about ticket arrangements and segre- 
gation of the rival teams' supporters and had cabled 
Brussels to tell Ihem so. 

This minister joined the cabinet four years ago and 
dismissed hooliganism as a figment of the imagination of 
drunken journalists. This same man has repeatedly re- 
sponded to suggestions that the passports of persistent 
offenders be withdrawn by saying that m a democracy it is 

Rob Hughes 

the inalienable right of British subjects to travel abroad 
. When, over the past few months, outbreaks of violence 
at soccer matches m England became such that even the 
prime minister, elected on a mandate of law enforcement, 
took personal responsibility, the main effect has been to 
pass the buck to sporting' authorities. 

Nevertheless, it is dear that the sickness around the 
sport is no different from the behavior that erupted on the 
picket lines of the recent coal strike. 

Neither does ii do much good to point to Latin Ameri- 
can horrors that predate British soccer hooliganism, nor 
even the astonishing riot in Beijing a couple Of weeks ago. 


when China was eliminated from the World Cup by Hong 
Kong. 

Universal as it may be, the British hold a special place in 
hooliganism. A few examples: 

• 1 972 — Glasgow Rangers suspended from Europe for 
two years after Tans rioted in Barcelona. 

• 1 974 —Tottenham barred after a riot in Rotterdam, 

• 1975 — Leeds United banned alter a riot in Paris. 

• 1977 — Manchester United banned from Europe 
after trouble in Si-Etienne. 

• 1980 — English fans were tear-gassed by police after 
rioting in Turin, the latest of a series of significant clashes 
between British and Italian supporters. 

And so it goes on. English hooliganism left its ugly 
imprint on cities throughout Europe, and last year, in 
Brussels, a Tottenham fan was shot and killed by a 
barman. 

Now. while everyone sees England's elimination from 
European soccer competition as inevitable, we are left to 
reflect on the Liverpool fans who, out of the stadium of 
death, commented: “It’s not the fans, it’s the officials to 
blame because you should never allow both sets of sup- 
porters in the same area.” 

it was H.G. Wells who wrote: “Human history becomes 
more and more a race between education and catastro- 
phe.” 


Iy, I thought we would not ploy,” 
continued Mr. Platini the French 
star of Juventus. 

“We went into the game, gradu- 
ally forgetting but being called 
back to reality minutes after the 
end of the game." he said. “This 
evening I'm a sad man and my 
heart aches.” 

Gianpiera Bonipcrti, the chair- 
man of Juventus, added: “We knew 
there were dead and injured. It is a 
tragedy and you will understand I 
cannot rejoice at my team's vic- 
tory.” 

Other players voiced similar 
thoughts. Antonio CaJbrini, who at- 
tempted to calm Italian fans before 
the game, said: “We felt very tense 
after what had happened. This suc- 
cess we dedicate to the dead fans.” 

Bruce Grobbelaar, Liverpool's 
goalkeeper, added: “What can I 
say after such a tragedy? For me. 
soccer is life, not death. Before the 
game, we knew exactly what hap- 
pened. 1 was gainst playing but we 
arc pros and have to go on under 
any circumstance.” (AP, UP I) 

Russian Deplores Violence 

Reuters 

MOSCOW — Vyacheslav Ko- 
loskov. the head or the Soviet Foot- 
ball Federation, said Thursday in 
condemning the violence at the Eu- 
ropean Cup final in Brussels: “Our 
fans are brought up to treat a game 
of football as they would the the- 
ater. In the West n seems as if they 
are going into battle.” 



ca* Av 


Hi 




Steps of die Stadium littered vith debris after 


nMABOMWPNH 

tfae riot 


a . 

J. 






t ~: - : l ‘ -a ■ ■ far . i '. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


Page 5 


U.S.,,Soviet 


Wmm 

6ii 


At Geneva 
Arms Talks 


. Untui Prtsx leternatumal 
GENEVA — 1 US. and. Sonet 
negotiators resumed trite- on re- ' 
during their nuclear arsenals 
Thursday, with both sides calling 
for faster movement. ■ 

Bui nciiher side, retaming io Go- ■ 
neva after a six-week recess, of- 
fered any evident change in post* 
non since tbefirst incdndusve 
round that was hdd from March 12 
to April 23. \ •; ' - 

IJ-S 

sians appeared 'even more intransi- 
gent and rejected even a discussion 
of cuts in arms. the 

United States research on its Stra- 




U.S. Gtes 'Difficulties’ 
With Hussein Proposal 

(Combined fnra Page 1) Palestinian sdf-detennmaiirai as a 

, , ... condition for a step toward Middle 

temtoiy captured from Jordan, East peace talks. 


Egypt and Syria. It also 


one of the most 


. ^ . _ - , , f. 7 j njuuu, UUb VI UA# 11R/JI 

tajeU nghtto ocist Wnnon influential PLO leaden, said that 
33S, adopted after the 1973 W the group bad not given up its de- 
eaUs for a rqpcnal cease-fire, peace f OT recognition of a ralestin- 

negotiauons and the unplementa- ^ I0 a homeland before ac- 
twn of Resolution 242. cepting UN Resolutions 242 and 

Hussein s proposal was ae- 333 
scribed initially by UA officials as Hus^ meanwhile, outlined his 
sypxuicant, although they hesitated call for peace talks with Israel at a 


La ligne de coeur 
defied. 


. ;• ~ . Tb» ABodcnd hn 

GEMAYEL IN DAMASCUS — President Amin Gemayd of Lebanon, left, held a 
second day of ta&s Thursday in I)amascus with President Hafez al-Ass&d of Syria. Mr. 
Gemayd sad later that only political and security reforms could end the Lebanese dvfl 
war and that Syrian troops could help carry them out, along with the Lebanese Army. 


? - s breakfast with concessional lead- 

of the UN resolutions indirectly. A ere on Thuisdav 
gnior official said the United «what the king said here was a 

very forward, certainly more opti- 
statement from the PLO itsdfbe- nxistic statement than Pve heard in 
fore acting on iu _ vears and years and years about the 

In Turns, a prannneu PLO lad- bossbOities," said Representative 
er said Thursday that the organjza- b pascell, a Florida Demo- 

tion stffl insists on recognition of Q-at nnrt rtiairman of Lbe House 

Foreign Affairs Com mi nee. 



fofk spacebascd'drf^e^^i^ OECD Warns on Tagg ing Growth in U.S., Europe SXsSmH 

missEfes. ' v OO . P ■ national conference was an attempt 

Tbe second round began with a ^C « s«ed from Page 1) slowdown from its present rate.” a nation’s output of goods and ser- selection of yen-denominated G- 10 swriddirttl talks with IaaeL 

full plenary meeting lasting one seating II .percent of the work The OECD predicted that inflfl- vices, is expected to grow at about nancial instruments to nonresi- * “ink this whole mteruabonal 
hour and 50 nmrntes at the Soviet force, the highest rate m.raore than, don-adjusted annual growth in 3.25 percent, down man 6.8 per- dents and im p roved credit arrange- ™ efimt to cxrctun- 

nrissioa. half a century. Western Europe would remain at ceaii m 1984, the OECD said. GNP meats for residents, the OECD Y ™ 1 negoua- 



The Fred'., heart lints, 
une non*, eltt* licne 

de bijou:-: en or puns et 
cceurr pa . to de fcniijru.,. 

Fred adore 

te. histww ie cciv-ir 





hour and SO mfnntes at' the Soviet farce, the behest rate in rbore than, tion-adjusted "annual growth in 3.25 percent, down Tran 6.8 per- dents and im p roved credit 

mission. half a century. Western Enrope would remain at cent m 1984, the OECD said. GNP meats for residents, the 

“I hope that such preparatory Unemployment rates in the its current rate of about 225 per- growth wiD decline to a 275 per- said, 

work wall enable ns to move faster United States and Japan, however, cent until the end of 1986. That was cart annual rate in the first half of 

forward here,” rite Soviet chief del- win remain stable during the next “substantially lower” than the av- 1986 and 25 percent in the second ptwheted 

egaie, VDdor P. Karpov, said to the 18 months, tte OECD predicted erage GNP growth erf about 275 half; the agency predicted pan s GNP growth would 

U.S. delegation leader. May M. Currently, U-S-nnempIiOyiiient is percent predicted for the OECD Meanwhile, Japan should in ten- to a 5 .25 percent annual ra 

Kamp ehmn, as they took their about 725 percent of the labor overall dining the same period, the sify its efforts to import more from end of inis year from 5 pc 

seats. force and Japan's is 25 percent. report said industrialized and less-developed the first half, but then slo 

“Yes,” Mr. Kampdman replied, . But nndenying coacEtjons in Eu- In 1985, tbs U.S. gross national countries, and adopt measures that percent for 1986. Japane 
“well make every effort to do that rope^ indudrag lower inflation and product, which is the total value of would provide a “more attractive" grew 5.8 percent last year, 
and let’s hope this session wiflbe a bwket deficits, as wdl as higher 


•WitiH-l4nn.v t . Knuuh S 


2IU 


" e tinkej 

"tiressioi 


dons,” Mr. Peres said 
■ Taha Talks Continue 
Egypt and Israel ended another 


[986 and'25 percent in the second TJ K ”3Pp rt preefac^ 1 b fll Ja_ Egypt and Israel ended another 
lalf, the agency predicted P ® 11 s ^Nr growth would increase round of »«H« Thursday on a dis- 

MeanwMlc. Japan should inten- to a 525 percent annu al rate by the puled strip of Sinai coast without 
afv its efforts to import more from en£ l of year from 5 percent in agreement on an Egyptian propos- 


ena 01 inis year Iran 3 percent in agreement on an Egyptian propos- 
the first half, but then slow to 4 5 al to submit their respective claims 
percent for 1986. Japanese GNP to international arbitration, Ren- 
grew 5.8 percent last year. ten reported from Cairo. 


FRED 

IOAIUEK — • 


■ JI Hr -,.A- P.p .• T > t 2a.' .,£• ( !» . 1 1 - C • J »W. '4 f r. 
21 MilcliC , r«M*lip tjn'r . . Mi.i,. Icr.. fl 
ijrdjM.il ■« .!■ • Bi*. i *1. M l • H • 


rfc:h.-s 
i*‘-c rt.r 


iv. 


constructive one.” - profits and investment levds, could 

Mr. Kampdman said Wednes- had to what the OECD called an 
day on his return to Geneva that^be flaring of demand policies “on the 
bad been “somewhat disappoint- fiscal or on the monetary side.” 
ecT over the slow pace of the first The report also reiterated its 
round and hoped to “enliven and conclusion of last 'December that 
quicken” the second round of talks, the Reagan admimstratian's pre- 
which are Hkdy to end on or dictions about the U5, economy 
around July 16. ' were too optimistic, which implied 

Both sides said this mil' give pnmhflr bleak warning- a slackeo- 
them two weeks to assess progress login European export growth will 
before foreign pimistera from the most Hedy accompany the prqject- 
East and the West meet mi July 31 ed UJS. slowdown. The im pl ication 
in Helsinki for the lOthannivexsaxy for governments, the OECD said, is 
of the si g nin g of the Final Act at that “European domestic demand 
the Helsinki Conference on Euro- - growth would need to be faster 
pean Security. - merdy in order to prevent a GNP 


hi Russia, Negotiating 
Means , Be Firm and Win 

(Centimed from Page 1) want assurances that their suitor’s 

sides make concessions and shake' intentions are honorable. 


hands cm a compromise. 


Tins difference in approach be- 


For the Russians, negotiation is came the first stumbling Hock in 
a dialectic with moral overtones, in the first negotiation between the 


which the right side wins and die Soviet and United Stales govem- 


winner takes aH Broadly speaking, meats, over the terms of recogni- 
Russian negotiators seek not com- turn of the Soviet Union in 1933. 
pranise but victory.- The Soviet n^otiatar, Farrign' 

“It is the dd saw about ‘wbatf s Commissar Maxim Litvinov, in- 
^ mine is mine and wfaaf s yours is ssted («x recognition first, with de- 
negptiable.’ **- said . an -American tails to follow. Th&Americans first 
"J businessman. “They trike, they wanted a setflement of a S187-mQ- 
take, whatever you are willing to lion debt stemming mostly from 
give; they don't trade." die nationalization of American- 

Thus there was no Soviet trade- owned businesses, 
off when President Carter slowed The outcome seemed to fore- 


give; they don’t trade." 

Thus there was no Soviet trade- 
off when President Carter stowed 


development of - the MX nrissfle sys- shadow negotiations to come. In a 
tom and halted production of the meeting with Pica dent Franklin D. 
B-l bomber. When Senator John Roosevelt, Litvinov reached what 
G. Tower, who is now a negotiator the Americans considered a cam- 
in Geneva, a Soviet official promise: an agreement that recog- 


what Moscow planned to give up in nition would be granted amulta- 
return, the Rnssian repEed: “Sena- oeonriy with a Soviet promise to 
tor, you nrisundmtfflid theSoviets. negotiate the ddH in the future, i 
We are not pacifists, nor me we An agreement in principle with ! 
philanthropists." : the Ru s sians “means exactly noth- 

Talks often bog down in a dash mg,” said M^or General John R. 
between the Soviet approach, Deane, who negotiated the Lend- 
which seeks to start with broad Lease accord dining World War H 
d eclaratio ns of princtol e, and the . The Russians have their riiare erf 
American approach, wnich tends to complaints about the United 
break down subjects and start work States. Tluy criticize what they call 
on details. the “zigzags” of American policy 

The Americans, says William L from one presidential admimstra- 
Uiy, a Harvard expert on nqsotia- tka to the next And they, voice 
4 tions, are like an eager suitor who annoyance at having to negotiate 
wants his fanefa to join him in with a government whose signature 
picking out fnmimre. The Russians can be nullified by the Senate. 


f wiflr Problem 



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ence: 






Page 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


IFYOU 

READ FLJGHT INTERNATIONAL 
YOU’LL GET A LOT MORE THAN 
MIST THE WEEKLY 
AVIATION NEWS 

DON’T MISS 1ST JUNE ISSUE. 
P ARIS AIR SHOW SPECIAL - RAGE 

packed review. 

Every week, Flight International gives the most 
balanced view of the whole aerospace industry. 

Not only the very latest news, but informative 
editorial and in-depth assessments.* 

Not only from Europe, but 
America, Australasia, Africa and 

the Middle and Far East. ^ 

And not only civil, but military /fg. Ax 

and spaceflight as well. // \ 

So, if you don’t want to I 1 

miss any world aviation news, or ^ yy 

our special issues throughout the 
year, make sure you read Flight 

Intemational now. BfTERfiAnQNAL. 


FLIGHT 


MlERNAnONAL 


French TV 
Bars Show 
On Episode 
In Resistance 


fasten 

PARIS —The French tdwision 
authorities have banned a program 
about a contro vers ial episode of 
French Resistance during' Wodd 
WarIL 

The Audiovisual High Author- 
ity. an independent body which 
oversees the three state-nm televi- 
sion channels, ordered the program 
dropped on Wednesday feflowm^a 
protest by the French Communist 
Party, the Amexme 2 network an- 
nounced. 

The authority said the dcoskffl 
•was made after consultations with 
a group of former Resistance fight- 
ers and a historian. 

Entitled “Retired Terrorists,’' 
the program dealt with the case of 
the Maaoochaa Fpmp, which con- 
sisted of foreigners fighting Nazi 

occupa t i on forces. Twmiy^mrec of 
them were executed by the Ger- 
mans outside Paris in 1944. 

Journalists who have seen the 
script said it implied that the nn- 
dergroond Communist Party had 
betrayed Misak Manoochian, the 
Annanan leader of the group and 
has followers, most of whom were 
Jews. 

The journalists also said that the 
script explained ^ the French 
Onrirmnncf^ kno win g the war W3S 
noaring an end, wanted to make as 
much political capital as possiMe 
out of the Resistance struggle and 
to remove any appearance of out- 
side assistance. 

A week ago Albert Omoofias, a 
Communist Party histo ria n, wrote 
a to the chairman of Ant erme 
2 , Jean-Oande Hiberifc, threaten- 
ing a libel suit if the program was 
broadcast as scheduled Sunday. . 

Roy Plomley, 71, 
Of die BBC, Dies 

Reuters 

LONDON — Roy Plomley, 71, 
the veteran BBC broadcaster who 
devised and presented the world’s 
longest-rmmmg radio series, “De- 
sert Island Discs,” died Tuesday erf 
a heart attach. 

Mr. Hanley’s simple formula in- 
volved asking a weekly guest celeb- 
rity to choose the right records he 
or she would take with them as a 
castaway on a desert island. The 
show began in 1942 for what was 
planned as a limited series. It 
proved so popular that the British 
Broadcasting Coip. kept it on. The 
most recent series ended on May 
11. Mr. Hanley's 1,791 gnests in- 
cluded royalty, politicians and en- 
tertainers. 

- Hie invited guests to talk about 
their lives and play their right re- 
cords. 



PUNJAB MEETING-— The mHitant Sikh 

aides in tbe Golden Tmpiem A^itsar.I^-Tta^K^ 


center. coraere™u 

e increased security 


It with the case at aiota ui uie * an nwAmrv of last Years Stunning i 

ffom wto* o»: measures througjiout Pwyab as in that troop assault I 

iers fighting Nazi fwnpl«» by Indian troops neaiS. At least 600 SfiKBS — f 

s.Twent 3 Mhreeof L— — • - ■ • 

uted by the Ger- _ ■* 

Papandreou Opponent Says Greeks, 
SEjSS 'Deeply Worried Yearn for Change 

r«sa wmk SSSSSS SSSSSS 

owing the war was ATHENS — The opposition .ShenSdeuCTof Con- urthe only reference to foreign po- 

routed to make as candidate in Greece’s national eteo- nramSS^ S " - the Hey in a campaign focused on do- 

apital as possible tfcms on Sunday asserted Wcdnes- Stic matters, have criticized Mr. 

tance struggle and day night that the Greek people would Mitsotakis sharply for offering to 

VS**™* a out- ycanojig for msIlttMiwto SSXte&»ithllK Anto- 

the governm e n t of Prime Minister . . f. mcc v orientation.” ra government. 

^ J Si^^ a vTOte Kfr. Sfitsotakis said. “Now Papan- “Papandreou's policy of not 

og , he yd, had left them deeply dreou ^ ^ wirf**! taEkingwith theirs” Mr Mitso- 


By Henry Kamm 

New York Tima Service 

ATHENS — The opposition 
candidate in Greece’s national deo- 
tkms co Sunday asserted Wednes- 
day ni ght that the Greek people 
were yearning for an alternative to 
the government of Prime Minister 
Andreas Papandreou, whose poli- 
cies, he said, had left diem “deeply 
worried.” 

“They are oppressed by a gov- 
ernment that does not respect dem- 
ocratic rights,” said Constantine 
Mitsotakis, tbe lender of the New 
Democracy Party. 

In a race that is considered dose, 
Mr. Mitsotakis said that the mam 
issues were a stagnant economy, 
rising unemployment, inflation and 
heavy taxes. Hts party has pledged 
to core these Qls, largely by encour- 
agement to die private sector and 
favorable conditions for invest- 
ment. 


jritai" 


party mestic matters, nave cnuowu ms. 

would 

not have accepted any major confer immediately with the Anka- 
changy in Greece’s orientation,*’ ra government. 

Mr. Mitsotakis said. “Now Papan- “Papandreou’s policy of not 
dreou «»n do anything, without talking with the Turks.” Mr. Mitso- 
even tiding the people. Now I can tains said, “makes the Turks look 
guarantee nothing. We have every- like the peace-loving people and ■ 
rhing to fear if he remains in pow- the Greeks look bad. 
er." Mr. Mitsotakis asserted that the ■ 

Asked whether he meant a reoo- prime minister consistently had vi- 
entation of Greece from the West 0 J ate j democratic standards by 


a. a unyui i i i wwuuuij , xme can ouauuc uu c»tuiuauu. radio ft po leicviaou- proawacmng 
itoyment, inflation and Mr. Mitsotakis, who is a strong i* fufiy under government control. 

His party has pledged supporter of Greece’s role in the Speaking of Dimitrios Marou- $r 
His, laigdy by encour- North Atlantic Treaty Org&niza- da ^hoS underaeattary for in- • 
die private sector and turn and the European Commum- f <nnw ,tirm is in charge of broad- • 

MiCtirmc Fnrr inuKt. . ■■■ LI. ,♦*«? ntti. . • a tr*...rTu. 1 l 


~ *~ — . — — — — - uuu ouu uuvjnwu — ; Jormanon IS 1U 1:11,11 in uiuw 

favorable conditions for invest- C y i criticized his opponents am- Mr. Mitsotakis asked, 

meat tude. “He does not act like an ally ” could Goebbds do meat 

Mr. Mitsotakis, peaking in an he said. “He does not fed aHnmit- t hnn Maroodas has done?”- . 
interview at Ids party headquarters, ted by Greek membership in the He said he made the comparison 

described Greece under Mr. Pa- alHaoct" . roJosrfCkxbbels, Hiller's minister 

pandreou as a country of two dass- TteN ^ D ® m ^^ cad 1 S^? of propaganda, became he consol- 
es of oeoule — those who support he was certain that Mr. Papan- ^^QU^tniovern- 

^d fr Sn e We^ra ■“<* “fascist. ~ He 

United States and anh-Westera -Maroudas is a pseudonym 

statements, had given private _as- 


Hold on to your memories 


described Greece under Mr. Pe- 
pandreoo as a country of two class- 
es of people — those who support 
the and are riven advan- 

tages in all areas, and those who do 
not and are discriminated against 
wherever they deal with the govern- 
ment. 

As under earlier governments, 
Greeks often say that in employ- 
ment, education, business and most 
other areas of life, the “ins” punish 
the “outs,” hpparthl .observers 
now in the past have found 
merit in tbe accusations. Mr. Pa- 
pandreou heads Greece’s Sist So- 
cialist government. 

Mr. Mitsotakis, who was foreign 
minister before the Socialists were 
elected in 1981, asserted that in 
foreign affairs Mr. Papandreou 
posed a danger to Greece and its 


statements, had given private as- 
surances to the United States. But 
referring to the possibility of a Pa- 


for Papandreou," • - 
Mr. Mitsotakis also blamed Mr. 


raramanlis, who had some re- . published m the press and allud- 

sas& , “—* ftsiemsfr* 

Mr. Papandreou has not made with the enemy. 

Gieek membership in the Western In fact, he was twice sentenced to 
groupings an issue in the campaign, death by the Germans for reris- 
In an interview Monday, he said tance activities. 


That these relations would 'enter 
“calmer seas” if he was re-clected. 


The *y«dtdate noted that it was 
customary for candidates to ex- 


Mr. Mitsotakis warned that Mr. press confidence in victory, and 
Papandreou's refusal to negotiate added: “But I believe it” 


By Clyde Haberman 

New York Tima Service 
SEOUL — North and South Ko- 
rean officials formally dosed their 
Red Cross-sponsored conferences 
on Thursday, saying they made 
progress. They agreed to meet 
again on Aug. 27 in the North Ko- 
rean capital of Pyongyang. 

In terms of substance, a decision 
to continue talking was the most 
the two sides accomplished during 
two days of negotiations on pro- 
posals to reunite mini ons of fam- 
ilies separated since the partition of 

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Koreas Gte Progress, Plan New Talks audt*) l i 

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New York ima ftu they also agreed “in prind- Cross discussions collapsed 12 0 1 1 

SEOUL — North and South Ko- pjg»* ^ matters, including a years ago. and they continued re- * 

nan officials for ma lly dosed their North Korean demand for “free cent, attempts by the Koreas to sus- 
&ed Cross-sponsored conferences travel'’ the demilitarized discussions on the possibilities ... , 

m Thursday, saying they made zone by people searching for long- for trade and reuniting families. 
impress. They agreed to iMet lost Members of the South Korean 

igain on Aug. 27 m the North Ko- Red f'r«s nemtifltnra held he- team noted that the North Lore- 

ans' speeches in the last few days 



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But they also agreed “in prind- 
ple” on other matters, including a 
North Korean demand far “free 
travel’’ across the demilitarized 
zone by people searching for long- 
lost relatives. 

Red Cross negotiators held be- 
hind-the-scenes “working level” 
discussions on the possibility of a 
mutual exchange of visitors and 
performing troupes near Aug. IS, 
die 40th atunversaty of the libera- 
tion of Korea from Japanese colo- 
nial rule.. 

While “free travel” was an ex- 
tremely ill-defined and perhaps un- 
attainable goal, the mere fact that 
the two Koreas had agreed on any- 
thing was regarded as an achieve- 
ment. 

“We have been divided for 40 
years, but now we are continuing 
the dialogue,” Lee Young Dok, tbe 
chief South Korean delegate, said 
Wednesday after more than two 
hours of talks. “In dipt sense, I feel 
satisfied.” 

His North Korean counterpart, 
Li Chong RyuL said: “Our dia- 
logue has reopened No concrete, 
smooth results have been made, but 
we have come to know other's 

situation better.” 

The North Korean delegation — 
34 offidals and SO people said to be 
journalists — formed the largest 
contingent to come to Seoul fr o m 
Pyongyang since invading soldiers 
swept through the South at the start 
of the Korean War in 1950. 

These negotiations were regis- 
tered officially as the eighth round 
erf “full dress” talks on reuniting 


had differed from those in toeJF 
1970s, when Red Cross delegates 
extolled Kim D Sung, the North’s 
leader, and his philosophy of sdf- 
reliance. A South Korean official 
said that North Koreans, in convex-- . 
sations, had described their coun- 
try as hoping for a “new start.” 

Nevertheless, South Korean del- 
egates remain suspicious of North- 
ern motives, saying in private that ! 
they did not believe the other side 
was “really interested” in a concept 
such as “Tree travel” except per- 
haps as a propaganda slogan. A 
South Korean acknowledged, how- 
ever, that the Seoul government 
hod agreed to talk in part because - 
“it would look bad” to do other- ' 
wise. ■ 0 

Mr. Lee expressed concern that ' 
the Noth “might seek to turn tbe . 
debate into an examination of legal 
position and the social atmo- ' 
sphere” in Sooth Korea — : appar- 
ently a reference to political devel- 
opments such as anti-govenunoii 
student protests. 

What the Northerners thought 
about the South’s motives was im- ' 
possible to telL Their comments to 
South Korean reporters- were most- 
ly ell i ptical, and they either de- 
flected or ignored questions from , 
non-Korean correspondents. . -. * 




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May 31, 1985 


f k INTERNATIONAL M # 4 

Iicralo^i^Srlbimc , 

WEEKEND 


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J 


Britain on Two Feet a Day 


by John Hillaby 

S OMEWHERE up in the high forest 
between fti gfanti and Wales I had 
been walking for horns and: hours 
and, not for the first time that day, I 
lost my way. Normally this is not a matter 
for serious concern.- rat on that occasion, it 
was. That long walk from Land's End in 
Cornwall to John o^ Groat’s in outermost 
Scotland was the first I had ever, attempted 
on my own, a journey of more than a thou- 
sand wrtilfte 


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Radnorshire in Wales, what chance had a 
novice at the long-distance business of get- 
jMing through the g*i™t m ountains of Gad- 
dom? I feh I couM be cheered up by nothing 
less than a miracle. It came abcait in a small 
Whitewashed pub where! bad a memorable 
mght: Welsh lamb, mint sauce and fresh 
peas and potatoes for supper.. - 

Afterward, with map?; spread across the 
bar, I saw where I had gone wrong, and why. 
And in die course of sketching out the route 
ahead. I realized with startling darity why 
walking in Britain is so pleasurable and 
varied. First, through fortunate accident, 
features of all the dozen or so of the woritTs 
geologic systems are represented. This 
mak es for the greatest variety show an Earth 
within one relatively smaH island. The vistas 
ahead are constantly changing. Second, in 
terms of human exertion,. Britain is nicely 
graduated , itam the . easy going sooth — 
^tee most pcople enter .the country ~ to 
the arduous north; It mi^it have been tailor- 
made for northbound^ walkm: . 

From the south, Britain rises in. a series of 
steps. The Welsh border country, for exam- 
ple, is higher than the hills of Cornwall, 
north Devon, and Somerset; the Peak Dis- 
trict of Derbyshire is higher still but less 


strenuous by far than the broken jaws of the 
Peamnes; and the Western Hi ghlands of 
Scotland malm all that has gone before seem 
puny. 

- Before touching on the ecstasies of ambu- 
latory overdrive, a word must be said about 
where my wife and 1 come from, since it 
helps explain why we walk. 

There is a notion that people are like 
salmon, which, after much journeying in the 
seas of ihe world, return eventually to the 
streams of their youth. For this reason we 
bought a cottage on the moms of North 
Yorkshire, where the sense of space is tre- 
mendous and the views are (almost) forever: 
The immediate foreground is dominated by 
the Rosedale escarpment, the central portion 
. of an upland footpath that extends from the 
western rim of the moors to the towering 
diffs of the North Sea. 

Because this short (50 -mile, 8 (Mdlometer) 
trail has become one of the most popular in 
t^e north of England, it suffers a great deal 
from human erosion. Certain sections have 
been fenced off and bypassed to enable the 
moor’s fragile skin of peat and heather to 
recover. From simple observation it looks as 
if most of the damage is caused by heavy- 
footed ploddss who tmd to walk line astern 
with their heads down. 

. Long-distance walkers . can be roughly 
classified as {dodders or light-footers. The 
plodders, I think, are lightly streaked with 
masochism. They crash through mud and 
streamlets as if unaware of what lies under- 
foot The Hghl-footerepick their way around 
minor obstedes and reach their destination' 
with their footwear fairly clean. The differ- 
ence is largdy a matter of balance. 

The web-coordinated walker puts to good 
use some of the dramatic arrogance of the 
trained actor who, though tired after an 
exacting performance, sweeps forward to the 
parted curtains for his final bow as if he were 


oins 


Banks of 'Immortals’ 




by Joseph Fftcfaett - 

ARIS — The French historian Fer- 
nand Brandd honored the Acade- 
mic Framgaise on Thursday^ final- 
ly j oining it' after a decade of 


'ignoring bints that be should apply for mem- 
bership. Brandd, 8 X widely conadoed the 
most influential historian, since Arnold 
Toynbee, is the pre-eminent French cultural 
celebrity —far more famous than almost all 
the other members of the academy. 

Even his new status as an .‘immortal’’ 
academician, however, is unlikely to broad- 
en Braudel’s public in France. Hk books are 
much less read than novelistic history- writ- 
ing based on Braudel's approach — for ex- 
ample, best-sellers such as “Montaillou’’ by 
Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie, a former pro te- 
gfi with whom Braudel has quarreled. 

And his unwavering intellectual rigor — 
ngectmg Jean-Paul Sartre’s cab for scholar- 
ship to be subordinated to political commit-, 
meat — meant that Braudel never became a 
■ -^fashionable Latin Quarter intellectual. 

* With the ihdp of his wife, Paule, known as 
Paulette, he has built a formidable power 
base in French academia, but internati o nal 
repute (and substantial income) came only 
with his success in the United States in the 
early 1970$. 

In the U.S. market, as in many other 
countries, the works of Braudel and contem- 
porary French historians whom he influ- 
enced outsell the books of French novelists, 
philosophers and sociologists such as Claude 
L£vi- Strauss and Michel Foucault. The ap- 


peals of Braudel’s brand of history are 
strong. His books axe elegantly written fres- 
coes in which famous events and hoos are 
rooted in rich details about the slowly chang- 
ing (^des erf everyday life. 

Braudd was a historian for 25 years before 
publishing his first important book. The 
Mediterranean and the Mediterranean 
World m the Age erf Philip IL” in 1949. He 
composed it daring five years in a German 
prisoner-of-war camp, drawing from memo- 
ry on more than 10,000 notes from research 
over- the previous decade. 

The book established Braudel as the most 
brilliant practitioner of the French school of 
historians named for the nw grptne Annales. 
Their pbflosophy erf history sought to re- 


trieve the past huts totality. Annales, found- 
ed in 1929, attempted to incorporate into 
historical study the insights of the then-new 
social sciences: the structuralist analysis 
practiced by anthropologists and sociolo- 
gists, the intuitions provided by Freudian 
psychoanalysis and, above ab, Marxism's 
stress on economics. 





Fernand Braudel 


I T is a type of history that provides such 
great panoramas as BraudeTs “Gvfliza- 
Sqn& Capitalism,” published in French 
in three volumes in the 1970s. Practicing the 
broadest form of economic history, he devel- 
oped the view that each historical era is 
dominated by a great tr ading city, always a 
Pgefl From about 1380 to Venice was 
the center of world commerce and tivfitza: 
tibo. Amsterdam took over in the late 16th 
; Century, he says, succeeded by London dur- 
ing the industrial revolution and, in 1929, by 
. New York. 

•; •• His • analysis of capitalism make* it the 
economic consequence of the emogence of 
. elitcs, a phenomenon he believes is natural 
—deplorable perhaps, but inevitable. Asked 
by a Russian why he was not a Marxist, 

. Braudel replied: “The only revolution worth 
believing m would produce equality, ' and 
none; including yours, has.” 

/ “Marx is wrong,” he said in a recent inter- 
. view. “Man does not make history, history 
sokes man.” This conservatism, : together 
. with Braudel's passion for fascinating little 
huts sometimes verging on trivia, helps ex- 
' plain Tm success in tbeTtJniied States. 

■ .Braudd is finishing a three-volume history 
irf France, which will surely be controversial, 

■ as U'.Jrfames'.the French for many of the 
nation's troubles. In a disunited Europe, he 
said recently, France faces an era erf decline 
in the face of industrial innovation in the 
United States and Japan. 

: In a more intimate tone, he has just pub- 
lished a little treatise on his favorite city, 
■Vemce, which he adores for its past, epochs ' 
of power and pleasure. Like history, it is a 
rpfcsce Where the babes of Western civilization 
.can commune with .their past, he writes: 
■-^When-one-u in Venice, one is free.” 


treading on air. Once they get into the swing 
of things, walkers who know what they are 
doing adopt a similar gait. By leaning for- 
ward slightly, almost off-balance, they em- 
ploy gravity to the paint where, with one 
resolute step after another, the whole body 
teeters on the edge of catastrophe. This is 
whai I cab ambulatory overdrive. The walker 
is partly propelled. < 

As a regional president erf the Ramblers 
Association I keep an eye on the trails I (rod 
on ray first walk across Britain, and in be- 
tween sterner stuff in central Europe, my 
wife and I visit sec dims of them each year. 
Many of the paths axe in better shape than 
they were 20 years ago. This is largely due to 
the le g al enforcement of “public rights erf 
way” (footpaths) by various local bodies 
prodded into actum by our association, the 
Countryside Commission and boards erf the 
national parks. 

By far the longest, easiest and in a few 
places most spectacular trail in Britain is the 
relatively new Southwest Peninsula Coast 
Path, about 500 miles. It extends from Poole 
Harbour in Dorset (near Bournemouth) to 
Minehead in Somerset by way of the Lizard, 
Penzance and Land's Fxiri in Cornwall. The 
soul-cleansing winds whistle in from the 
steep Atlantic stream. They shriek; they rat- 
tle the ears; they are a fitting background 
noise to the gaunt megalithic graves so com- 
mon thereabouts especially in the vicinity of 
Botallack, Cam Kenidjak, Woon Gunipus 
and Zesnor near St Ives. 

On that first solo venture to northern 
Scotland I left the Garnish coast for Bodmin 
Moot and Dartmoor. I would not wish that 
eerie exercise through bogs and mists on a 
dog, not even the Hound erf BaskerviDes. 
Last year we found the coast trail through 
Ilfracombe and the deer herds of Exmoor 

Continued on page 9 


by Josef Skvorecky 

A TRANSLATOR has been com- 
missioned at 5 cents a word to 
render a 500-page Czech novel into 
Fn giish He has three months to 
perform his task. The author is hot — the 
winner of a prestigious literary prize or a 
recently jailed dissident. 

Right on page 1 , our speedy translator 
comes across the foCowmg Hue: "Sam 
vsechno vyzvanH a ted jsme v rejzL ” The 
translator Locks up the idioms in a Czech 
dictionary. There he finds: "Vyzonh [Infor- 
mal] to divulge secret information’’ u Byt v 
rejzi: [Informal] to be in a difficult situa- 
tion.** The iHintwmir. translation would be 
“Sam has spilled the beans, and now we are 
in a jam.*' But, working at 5 cents a word and 
with, the deadline looming, the translator 
does not search his memory for adequate 
phrases in English. He types, "Sam has di- 
vulged our secret, and now we are in a 
difficult situation.** 

Ev entually he meets his deadline and 
comes up with a translation that contains no 
mistakes, for he is a conscientious worker. 
He also has a sense of English style, so his 

nal him diaHns translation 

“reads wefl." Nobody in the 500 paras «jBs 
any beans; nobody pulls anybody’s leg. The 
smooth text resembles a Van Gogb sunflow- 
er reproduced in black and white. 

Certainly, something of the power of the 
original readies the foreign reader — some- 
times quite a lot. Though it is primarily an 
art of words, literature does not entirely rely 
cm the mot juste. A Theodore Dreiser is 
therefore not as endangered by translators as 
an Emily Dickinson. It is when the right 
word becomes the sine qua non of success — 
as in subtle lyric poetry — that our fast- 
working, rmimrmiarie and underpaid trans- 
lator turns into a literary murderer. 


M UDDLED stylists, raconteurs who 
suffer from logorrhea and whose 
impact depends mainly on their vi- 
sion, on some bunting passion that shines 
through the convoluted verbiage, have little 
to fear from translators. Occasionally a good 
stylist even improves on a visionary or a 
writer with too little patience to fine-tune his 
words. The same sometimes happen with 
ancient writers. Chancer in his o riginal Mid- 
dle English is inaccessible to the average 
English reader, but he changes into a pro- 
foundly readable entertainer in a good mod- 
em rendition into a foreign language Dick- 
ens, to judge from the complaints or some of 
my students, has lost something of his magic 
because of his 19th-century diction. But a 
good contemporary translation of “Little 
Dorrit” or “David Copperfidd" preserves 
Dickens’s freshness. 

Not much harm is done to writers tike 
Franz Kafka, whose verbal art depended on 
aspects of German other than idiomatic us- 


age. His was the language of the Prague 
Germans, cut off from the German Volk, or 
people, and the people are the main, some- 
times the only, source of verbal inventive- 
ness in a language. Writers like Milan Kun- 
dera, working in the reflective, not the 
mim etic, tradition of literature, also fare 
much better at the hands of their translators 
than, say, Mark Twain. 

That great improviser seems to have bear 
aware of the dangers of transmuting a storv 
into another tongue. In two essays, his “Pri- 
vate History of the ‘Jumping Frog' Story” 
and “The Jumping Frog,” he complained 


Mismanagement of 
syntax, wordplay and 
the finer nuances of 
word order can com- 
pletely change the im- 
port of a sentence. 


that his sketch “The Celebrated Jumping ba ? csn ? n 

Frog of Calaveras County” had been unsuc- “• . not . ^ 

cessrul in France because of a bad transla- a S 31 

lion, and offered his own retranslation from analysisjban the 

the French version as proof. de V ul - 1 “L{ n,sm 

Twain’s original: ^ wordplay, oi 

“ ‘Now, if you’re ready, set him alongside nuances of won 

of DanT, with his fore paws just even with change the umpo 

DanTs, and HI give the word/ Then he says, languages. The n 

•One — two — three — git!’ and him and the cabulaiy may be 

feller toadied up the frogs from behind, and Hmungwayese. 
the new frog hopped off lively, but Dan’l 
give a heave, and taysted up his shoulders — way. When Rober 

so — Hke a Frenchman, but it wam’t no *P£} ^*[5 Lh ^.? ai 

girl m “For Whor 

Twain’s retranslation: tma reverberates 

“•Now if you be ready, put him all against ties of the Kmg Ja 

Daniel, with their before-feet upon the same f“- , 

line, and I give the signal’ — then he added: mto 9 EfiCh ' ■ ' 

‘One, two, three, — advance!’ Him and the 
individual touched their frogs by behind, 
and the frog new pul to jump smartly, but 
Daniel himself lifted ponderously, exalted mcredfWe poverty 
the shoulders thus, Hke a Frenchman — lo ognizable dimrnut 
what goodT variations? M 

It is all tongue in cheek, of course, and 
Twain too often cannot least the temptation hst w woi 

to anchor his fun in the transparent tricks of that areal me dis] 

literal translation. Yet the excerpt illustrates . . nai £i 

my point Sometimes I amuse myself by “““ft ■ 

imagining that Twain was bom Sam K3e- Mart 

mens in Bohemia (which he visited once to Maika, Marena. 
try a cure at Marienbad — see his “Marien- stage of mttmacy, 

bad, a Health Factory”). *“?!« to y° m 

As a youngster, tie would have got in- r !^F r 2®”^ 

volved in the revolution of 1846; after the *0 in I ne tingir 
revolutionaries’ defeat he would have emi- 1 s PPP osc 1 Jr° 
grated to America like many others and tried proolen 

his hide prospecting in Cafiforaia. There he temm^aretfno 
would have written the story of Dan’l the No neok> S 15ms Uk 
frog in Czech and had it translated into * 


English by one of the many German veterans 
of the Civil War. Perhaps he would have 
become the star author of the old August 
Geringer Bohemian Publishing House in 
Chicago, although that would have brought 
no money or national fame. He would have 
ended his days as a poor but respected ra- 
conteur, celebrated for his tales in all the 
Czech pubs in the Windy City. 

Such are the world’s injustices. If vou are a 
writer, it is unjust to be born into a nation 
whose language covers a piece of land slight- 
ly smaller than South Caro lina. Your work 
will suffer in its passage into more wide- 
spread languages. 

Not to be one-sided. I should say there is 
harm being done to the work of .American 
writers too — and unlike many writers in 
minor languages, they usually have no way 
of controlling their translators. Eudora Wef- 


of controlling their translators. Eudora Wel- 
ly would hardly be pleased to learn that, in 
the Czech rendition or her story “Power- 
house,” the percussionist of the title charac- 
ter’s jazz band underlines an exclamation by 
a “crash of the dulcimer.” The original word 
is “cymbal” which is homonymous with the 
Czech word meaning “dulcimer.” 

Such primitive errors are the daily bread 
of editors entrusted with translations, and 
pretty basic stuff that can be easily correct- 
ed. They do not really impair the qualities of 
a translation that matter more in the last 
analysis than the precise meaning of every 
detail. The mismanagement of syntax and 
style, wordplay, onomatopoeia and the finer 
nuances of word order can completely 
change the import of a sentence in some 
lan g ua ges. The richness of an author's vo- 
cabulary may be reduced to unintentional 
Hemingwayese. 

Every language is rich, but rich in its own 
way. When Robert Jordan says, “I love thee 
and I love thy name, Maria,” to the Spanish 
girl in “For Whom the Bell Tolls,” the sen- 
tence reverberates. 1 suppose, with the beau- 
ties of the King James Bible — in an Eng lish 
ear. This cannot be adequately transposed 
into Czech, for Czech has never lost the 
second person singular pronoun. 

Then too, Roberto may like the girl's 
name, but in English it has the virtue of an 
incredible poverty of forms. How many rec- 
ognizable diminutives does it have? Endear- 
ing variations? Mary, Marie, Molly — any- 
thing else? The following, by contrast, is a 
partial list erf wends, all denoting “Mary,” 
that are at the disposal of a Czech lover erf a 
girl by that name: Marie, Marenka. Mar 
inka, Mamcka, Maruska. Marienka, Molly, 
Mollinka. Mari, Mary. Man a, Maruse, 
Maika, Marena. Each expresses a different 
stage of intimacy, a different mood. If you 
hope to have your novel translated into En- 
glish, never name your heroine Mary, as I- 
dsd in “The Engineer erf Human Souls.” 

I suppose I should add that many of the- 
linguistic problems that trouble American 
feminists are of no concern to Czech women. 
No neologisms like “chairperson" or “s/he” 

Continued on page 9 


A Little Chamber Music in Burgenland 


by Alan Levy 

I OCKENHAUS, Austria — In the sum- 
mer of 1980, the Russian violinist 
. Gidon Kroner attended the Salz- 
brag FestivaL While he was thrilled 
by the performances be heard, he was ap- 
palled by what seemed to him the “very 
snobby atmosphere” of evening dress in Au- 
gust, the ungracious scrambling for tickets 
and the swarm of critics, publicists, agents 
and record-company representatives. 

At one performance, be bumped into Fa- 
ther Josef Herowitsch, known as Father H., 
the pastor of Lockenhaus, a town of 1,000 
with a regional parish of 2^00 near the 
Hungarian border in Austria’s agricultural 
Burgenland. Once a year since 1976, Kremer 
had given recitals m Father H.’s baroque 
church to unspoiled, enthusiastic audiences 
who welcomed even such adventurous rqier- 
toire as works by the Russian composer 
Dmitri Shostakovich. 

“You know,” Kroner said to the priest, 
“we really ought lo do something in Locken- 
haus. I’ve just crane from Knhmo in Finland 
and enjoyed the chamber-music festival 
there so much. I mean the surroundings w^e 
so quiet. And I just don’t fed comfortable 
any more here in Salzburg.” 

Father EL did not let this casual sugges- 
tion drop u n heeded. He prodded Kremer to 
write to ms musician friends inviting them to 
Lockenhaus for two wedts in July 1981 to 
play chamber music and give master classes 
— for no fees, but with all travel expenses 
paid, full board and lodging, free- tickets to 
the performances they were not in, and a 
little pocket money. 

Among those who responded were the 
conductor and pianist Danid Barenboim, 


the Haydn Trio from Vienna and the Wi- 
1 snow Quartet from Poland, the oboist 
Heinz HolHger, pianists Andris Sdnff and 
Oleg Maisenberg, violinists Yuuko 
Shiokawa and Peter Zazovsky, cellists Misha 
Maisky and Ko IwasakL Many were per- 
forming in Europe that summer, so travd 
payments were minimal. Costs were met 
from master-class tuition and concert ticket 
sales. A chamber orchestra was put together 
from master-class students eager to work 
with some of the best talents in music. 
Kremer and his wife, Elena, a pianist, were 
artistic hosts and participants and Father H. 
was administrator. 

The first Lodcenhaus International 
Chamber Music Festival was a howling suc- 
cess. In its second year, 1982, the Scottish- 
born Viennese violinist Maeve Cowan Auer 
wrote home that she was “playing in the 
most exciting concerts by the world’s musi- 
cal jet set every evening — usually pro- 
grammed the day before!” The Austrian 
Ministry of Culture began subsidizing the 
festival The event — originally subtitled 
“Gidon Kremer & Friends” and later “Be- 
tween East & West” — is always, as Kremer 
wrote of the festival dedicated to “making 
no concessions to commercial interests.” 

Lockenhaus, starting its fifth season this 
year, has managed to remain a world away 
from what Father H. called “a public that 
comes to be seen.” At Lockenhaus, he said, . 
“our public comes h ere to bear.” 

Maeve Auer called it “a reactionary event, 
in the best sense of the ward. It reacts against 
all the mistakes that festivals elsewhere make 
and it gives us a chance to play what we want 
to play instead of what the agents and man- 
agers make us play. We dean up our acts. 

Continued on page 9 


• • 






Gidon Kremer. 


Growing Pains in U.S. Regional Music 


by John Rockwell 

EW YORK — Just a few decades 


-A. > ed in a few large cities, most of 

them on the East Coast Today, regional 
dispersion is a fact of American musical life. 
New performing arts facilities are -«yrii^ng 
up everywhere. Important symphony or- 
chestras and opera companies exist all over 
the country. The growth of sophisticated 
smaller groups — chamber-music and recital 
series, early- and new-anisic specialists and 
tile Hke — follows dose be hind. 

Such expansion brings not just the expect- 
able growing pains but a whole new host of 
problems and prospects, talks with music 
leaders around the coraray make abundant- 
ly dear. There are apprehensions about the 
overextension of rnnsrcal resources, concern 


about whether distinctive regional styles are 
being eradicated and fears that incessant 
“outreach,” both geographic and demo- 
graphic^ may dilute the quality that a small- 
er, more sophisticated audience once de- 
manded. 

Yet the underlying feeling remainsopti- 
mistic. American muric seems to be fulfilling 
democracy’s mandate, reaching ever out- 
ward without any perceptible lowering of 
standards. 

It is easy to demonstrate the radical nature 
of the regional growth of classical muse in 
the United Slates. The American Symphony 
Orchestra League divides orchestras into 
several categories, the top three comprising 
what the lea gue calls “professional” ensem- 
bles. In I960, there were 42 such orchestras, 
of which 25 counted as “major.” In 1984, 
thae were 166 professional orchestras, 30 of 
them major. 

This growth reflects not mere numbers but 


a geographical pattern of regional growth. 
Donald ThuJean, director of artistic affairs 
for the league, estimated tha t the inmease in 
the number of “professional" orchestras 
took place primarily in the Southeast, the 
Southwest, the Far West and the Middle 
West, in that order. 

The expansion of regional opera has been 
even more dramatic. American musical cul- 
ture traditionally centered on a town’s or- 
chestra, unlik e, say, Ge rman y, where the 
opera house was the focus for musical life. 
Thus there have been a fair number of first- 
rate American orchestras since the late 19th 
century, but significant opera companies 
flourished in only a few major dries. 

In recent decades, however, there has been 
an unprecedented rise in the number of op- 
era companies, big and smalL According to 
the Central Opera Service, a fact-gathering 
body sponsored by the Metropolitan Opera 
Guild, in the 1964-65 season there were 27 


U. S. opera companies with budgets of more 
than S 100,000; last season, there were 154. 

There has been a comparable growth of 
chamber music, once regarded as a sophisti- 
cated form that appealed only to small audi- 
ences in large cities, espedally dues with 
large immigrant populations. Now there is 
what is widely described as a “chamber mu- 
sic explosion.” In Seattle, for example, where 
chamber music and rentals were traditional- 
ly presented by the Ladies Musical Club and 
the University of Washington, five signifi- 
cant new groups have sprung up within the 
last decade, led by the Seattle Chamber Mu- 
sic Festival and the Seattle branch of the 
Santa Fe Chamber Music FestivaL 

What is causing this giddy proliferation of 
music? One explanation is the shift of popu- 
lation away from the industrial Northeast 
and Middle West “1 lived in Houston when 

Continued on page 8 



Page 8 


international herald tribune, Friday, may 31 , 198S 


TRAVEL 


Crowing Pains 


Continued from page 7 


they brought the Johnson Space Center 
there " said Edward Bird well, director of the 
music division of the National Endowment 
for the Arts. “All of a sudden there was a 
whole different kind of people in town. They 
expected things that the traditional Texas 
audiences hadn't hungered for.** 

Birdwell pointed out that the very notion 
of the national endowment contains the idea 
of regional dispersion of culture beyond 
New York and Washington. “Our outreach 
is reoiiy. truly national,” he said. “The grants 
may be minuscule, but organizations can 
leverage our money with matching fund 
drives.” 

David DiChiera. general director of the 
Michigan Opera Theater in Detroit and of 
Opera Pacific in Costa Mesa, near Los Ange- 
les — and past president of Opera America, 
a national lobbying group — said regional 
culture had been encouraged above all by 
corporate philanthropy. This is partly a mat- 
ter of civic pride, he said but also of simple 
survival. 

“Corporations have begun to recognize 
that they must make an investment^ in the 
quality of life within the communities in 
which’ they function.” he said “Detroit can't 
attract executives unless it can offer them 
what people at a certain level of achievement 
are looking for in life.” 

With rapid growth, however, there have 
been examples of overextension — os in the 
collapse a few years ago of the Kansas Cry 
Philharmonic (it eventually was reorganized 
as the Kansas City Symphony). Has musical 
culture expanded too rapidly for it to be 
properly supported? Most arts leaders seem 
to feel regional expansion is not yet imper- 
iled by any perceptible limit in the funds that 
can be raised 

“I'm sure that the growth is still on its 
course, that it will continue.'’ DiChiera said 

Birdwell. at the arts endowment, was not 
so sanguine. He is concerned about smaller 
communities' inability to sustain wage in- 


creases won in emulation of larger dries. 
“Look at the Louisville Orchestra,” he 


said. They had a damaging two-month 
strike last tall, and they got an enormous 
increase in salaries. 1 worry that they won't 
be able to support it — and then toe same 
negotiators moved on to Nashville, We may 
be pushing some people too fast.” 

Anthony A Bliss, general manager of the 
Metropolitan Opera inNew York, Tears that 
excessive local pride may lead to the creation 
of inadequately supported, competing arts 
organizations. 

“Opera companies in nearby dries would 
be better off both artistically and economi- 
cally if they combined forces.” he said 
“Look at Forth Worth and Dallas — they 
have separate symphonies and opera compa- 
nies and ballet companies.” 

So far, at least, arts leaders seem to fed 
that the Reagan administration's proposed 
cuts in the narfogal endowment's 19S6 bud- 
get eventually mil be restored by Congress, 
as they have been the last several years. This 
optimism is testimony, in large measure, to 
the strength of the nationwide arts lobby. 

“If there’s a cold wind from Washington, 
well blow a bloody hurricane back,” said 
Ernest Fleischmann, executive director of 
cfae Los Angeles Philharmonic. 

The adequacy of nationwide financial 
support for music is only one potential prob- 
lem; of greater concern is the health of the 
an itself. Neo-conservative critics charge 
that regional culture is bang homogenized 
down to the same artistically mediocre, tech- 
nically proficient level with the leveling of 
such local distinctions as “the Philadelphia 
sound”of the Philadelphia Orchestra. 

These critics contend that there is an in- 
herent danger in the populist urge to dissem- 
inate musical culture out to the provinces 
and dofon the class scale. They worry that 
the cultivation of vast new unsophisticated 
audiences may cheapen standards; that the 
country may be deluged with pops program- 
ming and superstar concerts where once a 
higher-toned refinement prevailed. 

Andrew Grossman, director of sales for 


the nation's largest classical-music manage- 
ment concern, Columbia Artists Manage- 
ment in New York, concedes that the new 
regional arts centers have, perhaps paradoxi- 
cally, strengthened New York manag ement 
firms by the simple fact of providing manag- 
ers with more business. But he disagrees that 
specific cities have lost their individual char- 
acter, or that they betray a lesser Iwd of 
cultural awareness than the traditional 
coastal centers. 

Grossman believes strongly that, rite so- 
phistication of American audiences is o n the 
rise across the country. “There's an orchestra 
festival in Ames, Iowa, in the heart of the 
com belt,” he noted “It's been going for 15 
years, and they've had about every great 
orchestra in the world” 

Floschmann of the Los Angeles Fhflhar- 
monic agrees up to a point that regional 
distinctions in orchestral sound are disap- 
pearing in this age of technically polished 
recordings, which condition listeners to ex- 
pect a gimilar level of proficiency. He t hin ks 
local differentiations continue to be fos- 
tered. however, by newly sophisticated am 
managers around the country. 

Eva: greater numbers of Americans may 
be enjoying Ha«rical music, and their sophis- 
tication may be increasing from what it was 
afew years ago. But some observers fear that 
the traditional older audience for sympho- 
nies and operas, which approached concert- 
going with considerable knowledge and dis- 
cernment, is dying out or being diluted by an 
arm y of senri-inowledgeable music lovers. 

F leischmann worries that, while his box 
office has grown, his “core audience,” as he 
rail*; it, may have shrunk slightly. This he 
blames on what has been widely perceived as 
the decline of musical education in Ameri- 
can schools nationwide over the past quar- 
ter-century. But he remains fundamentally 
optimistic as long as the performing organi- 
zations themselves fill the educational gap.H 


O 1985 The New York runes 


■Carton 


PI 


P ARIS — Alain Seoderens is in a 
most enviable position. Twenty-one 
years after leaving the grand, nun- 
of-thescentiuy restaurant Lucas- 
Carton as a member of the kitchen brigade, 
he returns triumphant as the general 
Not only that; he has every chef is Fans 
sighing with envy. The Belle Epoque restau- 
rant, now known as Ijicas-Cartcm/AMn 
Seoderens, is a work of art: stunning carved 
wooden panels, irresistible art-nouveau light 
fixtures, wide windows overlooking the 
Place dels Madeleine, and mirrors, mirrors 
everywhere. 

Senderens and bis wife, Eventin' a, have 
wisely not much altered the decor. They 


Patricia Wells 


undertook a thorough housedeaning, not a 
renovation. The wood has been polished, the 
sparkling windows sport crisp sheer curtains. 


Perhaps best of all is the sense of theater. 
On a recent weekday afternoon the restau- 
rant buzzed with that totally elegant air that 
is distinctly P arisian. Well-bred middle-aged 
ladies in broad-rimmed hats lunched togeth- 
er, looking as though they dined there every 
day. A very elderly gentleman shared a cozy 
banquette with an almost blushing young 
lady. Handsome Frenchmen lingered over 
then agars. At the begriming and end of the 
meal b usiness men moved from table to ta- 
ble, meeting old friends as if they shared a 
familiar, private club. _ 

How can all of this come out of the old 
Archestrate, the 7th arrondissement restau- 
rant (now up for sale) notorious for preten- 
tiousness and high prices, haughty, conten- 
tious waiters and smug, all-knowing wine 
stewards? Only time mil tell if this is simply 
an enthusiastic interlude or a permanent 
change of heart. 

One hopes seriously for the latter, for h is 
hard to quibble with Senderem's cuisine. 


And Paris badly needs anoiba 
the standing and appeal of Taillcvenl and 
T am in to help relieve the competition for 
tables at these two establishments. 

Along with JoS Robuchon of Jamin, J»en- 
derens rs one of the more inspired chefs of 
our time. Certain combinations -7 such aj 
asparagus and fresh morels, or fresh cod 
toppedwiti] a “frirnre” of finely gnuedegg- 
plant and zucchini — seem to have been 
created in heaven. Beyond that, there 15 
almost fanatical but welcome, attention to 
the play of colors, textures and flavors. 

Among the dishes to try on the current 
menu: escalope de saumon fumt dioxide a 
noire fo^on (smoked salmon poached gently 
in wans nriik to soften' and tighten it), filets 
.de rouget printamer (red mullet in a tomato 
vinaigrette, surrounded by asparagus, tmy 
onions and lee&s, and a* touch of greens),' 
m&Unlkm de kmgouste grilles aux marines 
fridches (a creamy dish, with ch unks of spiny 
lobster, fresh nkrels and Chinese cellophane 
noodles in a delicate sauce) and the emince 
d’agneau a la crime datives et. son gratin 
tTauberpnes (a full-flavored Provencal mar- 
riage ofjamb, dives and eggplant) 

If there is any chance that you think you 
mi gh t like the carpaccio de canard Eventhia, 
order h. The waiter will warn you not twice 
but three times that the dish is raw, r-a-w, 
raw. Kit it’s a marvelous creation: a giant 
mound of tiny roasted potatoes, onions and 
thick slices of truffles, topped with the thin- 
nest, most delirious raw dock. 

Senderens’s food is bold, not just in flavor 
but in concept so it is likely that you will not 
like some dishes as much as others. Intellec- 
tually, h is hard not to respect his canard 
Apia us, a complex dude dim in- which the 
poultry is poached, then roasted with honey 
and spices; but I have tasted it many times 
and it simply does not suit my palate, nor 
does the accompanying glass of sickc n ingly 
sweet Banyuls. 

Although it is nearly impossible to save 
room for the cheese course here, cheese lav- 


breads also deserve special 

braids are served to®#"" 

three of his creations and a rouanc ma 

br ^npared with the rest of 

agues d la cams rile also misses 
Kmon is so . 

flavor is totally submeiged. AbwerKU 
the tarte aax zestes derange confits. a nwy 

oran^ tan tiiatumamedperfectiy^ 1 rite 

accompanying bitter-chocolate sorbet 
The almost obsessive Oriental influence 
on the food seems amusing — swrts and 
sours, cellophane noodles and M 

bite-sized egg rolls as ** 

proof is in the eating. and somehow Sender- 
's does not took the least tot sflly- 
And what happened to the snooty, conten- 
tious waiters, the combative sommelier? 
They’re in new surroundings, smiling ana. . 
behaving themselves for the time being. As a 
touch of humor, their formal black attire is 
accented by bright blue or pole green bow 
ties and pocket scarves. As long as one closes 

langouste with fresh morels, 340 francs for 
lobster with vanilla) one should have a very 
good time indeed. 

Lucas-Carton/ Alain Senderens, 9 Place de , 
la Madeleine. Paris &■ tab 265-22-90. Closed * 
Scaurday, Sunday and holidays. Credit cards : 
American Express, Diners Chib, Visa. Menus 
at 450 francs (not including wine and sendee) 
and 550 francs (includes nine with cheese 
course, ; excludes service. ) A la carle, abo u( 66 0 
francs including wine and service. Reserve 
several weeks in advance for dinner (you must 
confirm the day before j, several days for bach. 


(;i 11 


inf 

Co 




VIENNA. Konzcrt ha us(icl: 72.12.11). 
CONCERTS —June 3: Vienna Sym- 
phony Orchestra, Georges PrStre con- 
ductor. (Berlioz. Debussy). 

June 4: Vienna Phfharmonic Orches- 
tra. G audio Abbado conductor (Bee- 
thoven, Mahler). 

June 10. 13-25: Berlin Chamber Or- 
chestra, Arnold Schdnberg Choir, Pe- 
ter Schrtier conductor (J.S. Bach). 
June 1 1 New York Philhar monic Or- 
chestra, Zubin Mehta conductor 
(Badt, Mahler). 

June 1 7: Vienna Philharmonic Orches- 
tra, James Levine conductor (Bach, 
Suauss). 

June 19: Vienna Symphony Orchestra. 
Christoph von Dohnanyi conductor, 

Oleg Maisenberg piano (Brahms, 
Zemlinsky). 

June 2 ! : Alban Berg Quarter, Heinrich 
Scbiff cello (J.S. Bach, Berg). 

OPERA — June 9: “LndoSiIla"(J.C. 
Bach). 

RECITALS — June 17: KytingWha 
Chung violin, Krystian Zhnerman pi- 
ano (Beethoven, Schumann). 

June 18: Alfred Brendd piano (Haydn, 
Schubert). 

•Siaatsoperftel: 53240), 

BALLET — June J: “Romeo and Ju- 
liet," 

OPERA — June I and 4: “fl Trovar 
tore*’ (Verdi). 

June S: “Salome" (R. Strauss). 

June 9; “Die WaltQre" (Wagner). 

June 1 1: “Madame Butterfly" (Pucci- 
ni). 

June 12; “Palestrina" (Pfitzner). 

June 13 and 16: “Cod fan tune" (Mo- 
zart). 

June 15: “DieZaubafldlc.” 

June 22: “Turandot" (Puccini). 
•Volksoper (id: 53240). 


MUSICAL— June 6 and 13: “My Fair 
Lady” (Laver, Loewe). 

OPERETTA — June 7: “Der Bette)- 
student” (MfllScker). 


JUNE CALENDAR 


BELGIUM 


ANTWERP, Royal Flemish Opera 
(id: 233.66.85). 

OPERETTA — June ], 7, 9, 15: “La 
Vie Pariaennc" (Offenbach). 
BRUSSELS. Opira National (td: 
2)8.12. J J X. 

OPERA — June 16and29: “Die Med- 
stersinger von NOmberg" (Wagner). 
CENT, Royal Opera (td: 252405). 
MUSICAL —fane 2, 8, 14, 16: “De 
man van La Mancha.” (Leigh). 
LASNE. Galerie Beaumont (rei: 
633.38.40). 

EXHIBITION — To June 23: 
“Graphic Works by British Masters.” 
LIEGE, Theatre Royal de Liege 
(td: 23.59. 10) 

OPERA — June 6 and 8 : “Herodiade" 
(Massenet). 


Stephen Hoogh piano (Elgar, Ravel). 
Jane 2: Royal Phflhannaiuc Orches- 
tra, Sir Charles Groves conductor 
(Brack, Mozart). 

June 7: English Chamber Orchestra, 
Cem Mansur conductor, Janos Suuker 
cdlo (Mozart, Stravinsky). 

June 9: Concengebouw Orchestra, 
Leonard Bernstein conductor (Mah- 
ler). 

June IS: Chamber Orchestra of Lon- 
don, Philip Simms conductor, Sara 
Wotiensohn piano ( Mozart). 

June 21: Philhar mnnia Orchestra, 
James Judd conductor, Lydia Mord- 
kovitch violin (Handel Mozart). 

T utu- 30; English Chamber Orchestra, 
Jeffrey Tate conductor, Norbert 
Bra in m violin, Peter Schidlof viola 


ENGLAND 


Theatre — Royal Shake- 
speare Company — June 1,7,8. 14, 15, 
19. 20: “Hamlet” (Shakespeare). 

June 3. 4. 10, 1 1, 17, IB: “Richard JIT 
(Shakespeare). 

June 5, 6 . 12. 13, 21. 22: "Henry V” 
(Shakespeare). 


LONDON, Barbican Art Gallery — 
To June 30: “Ame ri can Images" Pho- 
tography 1945- 198a” 

Barbican HaQ —London Symphony 
Orchestra — June I: Richard fuckox 
conductor, Heather Harper soprano 
(Brahms, Strauss). 

June 4: Omri Hadar conductor, An- 
drew Haigb piano (Beethoven, Rossi- 
ni). 

June 3: Claudio Abbado conductor, 
Viktoria Mullova violin, Ivo Pogore- 
lich piano (Mendelssohn, Ravel). 

June 13 and 15: J-orin Maazd conduc- 
tor (Mozart, Schubert, Tchaikovsky). 
June 23: John Georgia dis conductor. 


•Royal Academy of Arts (tel: 
734.9052). 


EXHIBITIONS — To July 14: “Ed- 
ward Lear, 1812-1 888." 

To Aug. 25: “217th Summer Exhibi- 
tion." 

•Royal Opera (tel: 240.I0.66l 
BALLET— June 5, 10, 14. 19,21,24, 
26: “La Bayadkre" (Petipa, Nurcyev, 
Minims). “Consort Lessons (Bincley, 
Stravinsky), "A Month in the Country 
(Ashton, Chopin). 

June 7, 22. 18: “La FtOemal gand£e” 
(Ashton, Hfcrold). 

OPERA — June3and6:“LaBobfcme 
fPncdnfii 

June4>8, 13, 15: "Cod fan tulle" (Mo- 
zart). 


June 17, 20, 22, 25, 28: “Ariadne auf 
Naxos" (R. Strauss). 

•Tate Gallery (id: 821.13.13). 
EXHIBITIONS — To June 2: “The 
Political Paintings of Meriyn Evans 
(1910-1973). 

To August 18: “Paintings by Frauds 
Bacon: 1944 to Present. 

•Victoria and Albert Museum (id: 
589.63.71). 

EXHIBITIONS — To June 9: “The 
People and Places of Constantinople: 
watercolours by Amadeo, Count Pre- 
ziosi (1816-1882X” “Matron Roth- 
schild: paintings for labels." 
•Wigjnore Hall (td: 9352,1.41). 
CONCERTS — June I: Chtiingtrian 
String Quartet. Roger Chase riola,Sie- 
ven Isserlis ceBo (Brahms, Schoen- 
berg). 

June 8 : Lindsay String Quartet 
(Haydn. Schubert). 

June 16: European Community 
Chamber Orchestra, Nicola Samale 
conductor, Yitkin Scow piano 
(Haydn, Mozart). 

June 26: Nash Ensemble, Lionel 
Friend conductor (Mozart, Tippett). 
RECITALS —June 3: Raymond Fi- 
scher piano (Beethoven, Brahms). 
June 4: Josef Suk violin, Josef Hala 
piano (Beethoven, Dvorak). 

June 10: dive Britton piano (Liszt, 
Schumann). 

June 11: Dizysztof Smietana violin, 
John Blaidy piano (Beethoven, Profo- 
kiev)- 

Juoe 15: MartinoTirimo piano (Schu- 
bert). 

June 18: David Surer harpsichord 
(Philips, PurceQ). 

June21 : Timothy Hughcelio, Kaihron 
S tarrock piano, Chi-dn Nwanoku 
double bass (Brahms, Rossuti). 


June 1: Sl Hedwigs Cathedral Char, 
Berlin PbDharnuxuc Orchestra. Ro- 
land Bader conductor (Verdi). 

June 23: Norman Ruiz guitar (Duarte, CONCERTS— Oicheatrede Paris— 

Vma-Lobos). June 3: Damd Barenboim conductor, M “ ConduclDr 

June 28: Johannes Leertouwer violin, Pascal Moragues dartneu. Ana Bela 1 


■Palazzo Fortuny (id: 70.09.95). 
EXHIBITIONS — To July 14; “Ro- 
bot ” 

To July 28: “Horst. Photography. 
1931-1984." 


Julian Reynolds piano (Debussy, We- 
bern). 

June 30: Vincent Lindsey-Clark guitar 
(Britten, Lindsey-Clark). 




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At the EDITIONS PARADIS you will thus find 
extremely rare pieces such as fine LE TAlLEC 
gold-gilded pedestal tables, fabulous lamps 
with hand-painted silk lampshades. SEVRES 
and HEREND pieces and bisque. SAXE and 
CAPO D1 MONTE porcelain collections, 
porcelain or Bohe- 


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SHOPPING 



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ARTS DELA DECORATION'S unique pieces can be found afa 

Editions Paradis 

29, rue de Paradis -75010 Paris - T6L :5Z10534 


For information 
call Dominique Bouvet 
In Paris 
on 747.12.65 
or yonr local 1HT 
representative 


NICE, Acropolis (tel: 9180.05). 
EXHIBITIONS — ToJune9: “Ameri- 
ca Looks at France: TIME 1923- 
1983, "“Artists from Nice." 

To June 25: “Bare des Arts." 

PARIS, American Center (tel: 
335-21-50). 

DANCE — June 13-15: David Gor- 
don/ Pick-Up Co. 

EXHIBITION — To June 25: “Mar- 
line Aballca, Olivier de Bouchony. Da- 
rid Ryan. Anne Saussois." 

•Cam* Silvia Monfort (td: 531 J8 J4). 
DANCE — Through June: “50 Years 
of Tap Dance.” 

•Centre Georges Pompidou fiel: 
277.1233fc 

EXHIBITIONS— To Aug. 19:“Jean- 
Pierre Bertrand,” “Palermo,” "David 
TremletL” 

•Galerie Art Yonriuri (id: 326.1535). 
EXHIBITION — To June 8 : “Gillcs 
Sacks ck." 

•Galerie Claude- Bernard (td: 326. 
97.07). 

EXHrernON — To June IS: “Al- 
berto Giacometti.” 

•Galerie Jacob (id: 633.90.6 6). 
EXHIBITION — To June 28: "Ray- 
monde Godin." 

•Galerie Karl-Flinker (tel: 325. 
18.73). 

•Galerie Daniel Malingue (tel: 
266.6033). 

EXHIBITION — To June 15: “Im- 
pressionists." 

■Galerie Nalfs et Primitifs (tel: 
22236. 15L 

EXHIBITION —To June 8 : “Cache 

Waller." 

•Galerie Rd (tel: 236.45.7 4). 
EXHIBITION — To July 27: “Di 
Macrio." 

•Hdtd M&idien (teL 758.1230). 
JAZZ— To June 9: Lou Beuett organ. 
June 11-23: Buddy Tate. 

•Maison de Victor Hugo (272. 16^51 
EXHIBITION — To June 29: ^Le 
Voyage du Rhin.” 

•Mus 6 e d'Art Mod erne (tel: 
723.6137). 

EXHIBITIONS —To July 8 : “Marc 

Riband.” 

To Sept. 8 : “Robert and Sonia De- 
launay." 

•Mus 6 e de Montmartre (tel: 
606.61.11). 

EXHIBITION — Through June: 
“Montmartre, its origins, its famous 
residents." 

•Musee des Arts Dtcoralifs (td: 
26032.14). 

EXHIBITIONS —To July 13: “Jean 
Amado.” 

June 6-21: “Fdiden Row.” 

•Music du Grand Palais (tel: 
26134.10). 

EXHIBITION — To SepL 2: “Re- 
noir." 

•Music du Petit Palais (td : 265. 12.73). 
EXHIBITIONS — To June 30: 
“James Tissot: 1836-1902." 

June 4-SepL 29: “Gustave Do re." 
MusAe Rodin (td: 705.0 1 34). 
EXHIBITION — “Rodin, Five Con- 
temporary Photographs." 


Chaves alto (Mozart). 

Jane 5: Daniel Barenboim conductor 
and piano (Mozart). 

•Salle Gaveau (id: 5633030). 
RECITALS — Jinje3 : Jean-Man: Lui- 
sada piano (Chopin, Schumann). 

June 19: Magda./ Taliaferro piano 
(Beethoven, Scnuberi). 

•Theatre de la VBle(td: 8873442). 
RECITALS — June 4-8: Jorge Bolct 
piano (Liszt). 

June 25-29: Krystian Zhnerman pi- 
ano, Kyung-Wha Chung violin. 
•Thifltre des Champs-Elysfes (td: 
723.3637). 

CONCERT — June 12: Amadeus 
Quartet (Beethoven). 


cbestra, Masaki Nakata 


JAPAN 


(Maid Lshii, Tom Takendtsu). 
RECITALS — June 7: Baris! 


iBlochpi- 

ano (Beetiioven, Chopin). 

June 10: Krysziian Zhnerman piano, 
Kyung Wha Oumg vk^n vitfin (Bee- 

thoven, Schumann) 

FRANKFURT. Alte Oper (tel: 
13404.00). 

CONCERTS — June 2 and 3: Frank- 
furt Opera and Museum Orchestra, 
Michael Gielen conductor, Zsigmoo 
Szathmaiy (Bach. SchOnberg). 

June 6 and a: European Chamber Or- 
chestra. Sr GeonsSolti (Mozart). 
June 14 and 15: Cologne Radio Sym- 


OF SPECIAL INTEREST 


ECHTERNACH INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL 

ECHTERNACH, Luxembourg — The /estival runs through July 5 
and i nclud es the following events: 

CONCERTS — June I: Collegium Aureum (Bach). 

June 12: Luxembourg Radio. Television Orchestra, Rudolf Barcfaaf 
conductor, Anne- Sophie Mutter violin (Beethoven, Mozart). 

June 29 and 30: Uumattian Chamber Orchestra, Saulius Sondcdas 
conductor, Jean-Chades Candidi flute, Beatrice Rauchs piano (Bach, 
TchaikovsJw, Yivaldi). 

RECITALS —June 8 : Paul Tortelier cello, Maria de la Pan piano 
(Brahms, Tortelier). 

June 14: Alexandre Lagoya guitar (Paganini, Scarlatti). 

June 21: Radu Lupu piano (Beethoven, Schumann). 

For further information td: 72.99.40. 


TOKYO, Goto Museum (tel: 
703.06.61) 

EXH1BITON — To June 23: “Old 
Bronze Mirrors." 

■Japan Folk Craft Museum (td: 
467.4537). 

EXHIBITION — To June 23: “Crafts 
of North-Eastern Districts." . 

•Kan-t Hoken HaU (td; 48Q3U IL 
MUSICAL— June 1, 2.4-7: “My One 
and Only" (Gexdnrin). 

•Nakano Sun Plaza (td: 388. 1 1.51). 
BALLET — June 1 and 2: “Swan 
Lake" (Tchaikovsky), “Don Qmxo«" 
(Petipa, Mtnkus). . 

•National Theater . of Japan (td: 
265.7431). 

THEATER — June 11-16: “Who's 
Afraid of Vugjnia Woolf?" (AJbce). 
•Sanbvakunm Gdqjo Theater (td: . 
9445L51L • ■ 

THEATER— TpJuneS: “Fool tor the , 
Love” (Sam Shepard). . 

•Suntory Museum of Art (tel: 
470:10.73). 

EXHIBITION — To July 7: “Noh 
Costumes." 

•Tokyo National Museum (tel: 
822.11.11) 

EXHIBITION — To June 30: “Japa- 
nese Art from the Mary and Jackson 
Burke Collection.” 

•Okura Shukokan Museum (tel: 

583M7JUL 

EXHIBITION —To June 23: “Paint- 
ings on Folding Screens." 


RECITAL — Jane 11: Alexis Wrissea- 
bax piano (Bach). 

•Theatre Marie-Stuart (tel: 
24538.12). 

THEATER — Through June: “Savqge 
Love” (Sam Shepherd). 

•Th 6 ft ire Musical de Paris (tel: 
261.19.83). 

CONCERT — Jane 13: New- York 
Fh2hannanicOrchestra I Zabm Mehta 
conductor (Mahler, Prokofiev). 
•Village Voice (let 63336.47). 
EXHffilTION — June 1: ^English 
Language Small Presses." 


phony Orchestra, Gary Bertmi con-' 
doctor (Haodd). 

RECITAL — June 10: Viktoria 
MoDowa violin, MBchd Dalberto pi- 
ano (Brahms, Pa ganini) 

•Cafe Theater (td: 77.74.66). 
THEATER — Through Jane: “The 
Mousetrap" (Christie). 


PORTUGAL 


ERICFJRA. Junta de Turismo (td: 
63122). 


EXHIBITIONS — June 3-6 : “Rogirio , 
Paido Cxistovfla” 


ITALY 


GBUMANY 


•New Morning (td: 5233 Ml). 
JAZZ — June 7 and 8: ] 


Betty Carter. 
June 14 and 15: Jim Pepper and Pow 
Wow. 

•Palais des Courts (td: 26630.75). 
BALLET— To June 30: Ballet Anto- 
nio Gades (“Carmen," “Suite Fla- 
menca"). 

•Palais Omnisports de Paris Bcrcy 
(id: 342.01 .23). 

OPERA — To June 20: “Tmandot” 
(Pocamf 

•Paris Art Center (td: 32239.47). 
EXHIBITION — To July 6 : “Leon 
Gesdua." 

•Salle Pleyd (563:0736). 


BERLIN, Deutsche Oper (tel: 
341.44.49). 

OPERA — June 1 and 4: “Boris Godu- 

June 3: “Maaonijeacaut" (Puccini). 
June 6 and 10: “Carmen" (Bizet). 
June 8 : "The Merry Wives of Wind- 
sor” (Nicolai). 

June 1 1 and 16: “Tosca" (Puccini). 
June 13 and 17: “Tristan und Isolde" 
(Wagner). 

June 15 and 18: “Madama Butterfly” 
(Puccini). 

June 22: “La Bedtime” (FoccinO. 

June 23, 26. 29: “Cod fan mtttT (Mo- 
zart). 

June 24: “Die ZauberflOre" (Mozart). 
June 25 : “Salome” (Wagner). 

June 27: “Fiddio" (Beemovcn). 

June 28: “Simon Boctanegra" (VenK).' 
•Philharmooieiiel: 25488-0) 
CONCERTS — Berlin Pfaflhannonl c 
Orchestra — time 8 and 9: Charles Du- 
uni conductor (Banok. Haydn). 

June 13 and 15: Chriatoidi von Dofa- 
nanyl conductor (Bartdk, Janftoek). 
June 20 and 21 : Seiji Ozawa condnaor 
(Bach. Prokofiev). 

June 23 and 24: Riceardo Muti con- 
ductor (Rossini, Schumann). 

June 27: Rkcardo Muti conductor, 
Emil Gilds piano (Beethoven, Schu- 
bert). 

Berlin Symphony Orchestra — Juse2: 


FERRARA, Palazzo del Diamaotifid: 
35017). 

EXHmrnON — To June 15: “Joan 
Miro." 

FLORENCE, Teatxo Comunale (td: 
277S23Q. 

CONCERTS — June 9: Turin Radio 


June 10-16: “Duarte Boavida and Fi- 
Kpe Pereira." 

June 24 -30: “Lurdes Carrasco." 
ESTORIL, Casino (id: 268.45511). 
EXHJBmON — To June 6 : “Pinto 
Codho.” 


LISBON, Calouste Gulbenkian 
Foundation (td: 73J51J1). 

DANCE — June 1-3: Lordes Bastes 
Studio (“Endless Sea"). 
•Cdiseunxftd: 36. 1 9S7\. 
CONCERT — Hannover Opera Syra- 


Tdevisioa Orchestra, Rafad Frfih- phonic Orchestra — June 5 : Grorge 
beck de Burgos coodocior (Blndvsr, Albrecht conductor, AnniSSophie 
StravinstoA Mutter violm (Brahms, Weber). 

June 17: New York Philharmonic Or- ^ une 6 : JA Gahres conductor (Brit- 
ches tra, Zubin Mehta conductor 


-oF 


(Bach. Strauss). 

June 18: Musicals Florentine 

Orchestra, Christian Badea conductor 
(Scarlatti, Wagner). 

June 22: Maggio Musi calc Fiorentino 
Orchestra, God Albrecht conductor 
(Pfitzner, Suauss). 

June 25: Munich Philharmonic, Lrtrin 


J: Gulbenkian Choir, George Al- 


e** I a 


brccht oonductoc, Lucy PeacoSt so- 
ihlerl 


prano (Handel Mahler) 


Carlos Theater (td: 36^4.08). 

ADCS A ¥ »*. — Tz" 


OPERA — June 
Stewart" 


f’Cpoaizetti). 

•St- Lms Tbcaicrful: 365359L 
ballet — June 27 - 30 : “vivaidr 
VMIdl), “Sylvie” (Lifar, 


18; 20: “Mary 


Maazd conductor 


OPERA — June 


(Brahma, Weber). 

I 4, 7. it; “Lulu” 


~ALS — June 3: Salvatore Ao- 
caido violin (Bach). 

June 6 and 8: Gi no Gorini/Eugenid 
Bagnoli piano (DaUapkcoh, Stravin- 
sky). 

June 12; Michele Ca mp aaeUa piano 
(Haydn, Weber). F 

Jane 13: Paul Crossley piano (Ravd. 
Sc n utot)# 

679551|). AUOari Gallery CteJ: 
EXHlBrnON — To June 30: “Rome: 
Her Maouments, Streets, and People," 
•G alleoaO iulia (id: 654JM^ 1 v. 
BMKTION — To JuneS: “Emdio 

Tadnu. 


UNITED STATES 


To'July 7: “Giulio I 


tan Museum d Art (td: : 

. EXHIBITIONS — To Sept. I: “Man 

Daniel Nazareth conductor. Young •Palaz2oddOmsenraiorimCanidr»- ^^eHase.” 

Lick Kim violin (Bruckner). Eo (ld: 678 J8.62). H ^ T° Sept 5: “Revivals and Exolora- 

June 4: David Zinman condamor EXHIBITION — To June 15- “Frran m European deoxahveam.” 
(Ghick, Mozart). Cezanne to Picasso." ^Museum of Modern Art 

Jane 10-Oct 1 : “Kart Scbwitleis." ^ 


Denes Zsigmonky violin (Mended 
sohn, Schumann). 


— ToJai y 2 & : “Le Ven- 

mePossibiH." 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


Page 9 


ton 


X 


FOR FUN AND PROTIT 


■ ■* .ik>i •' ^ 

riv lip ^ ■' ri 

s .Lt .3 

,: - 

***• :Jcr 

*v ... 

Mw ' 

it ... 

^ ***.!«. . .i 


\ " • . ' 

Buying Tours in Dollars 


; ; Can Cost Extra Bundle 

■ ■ 1 - 1 ii ■ 


by Paid Grimes 


Kw.-h >• . : •* '• 


u.^'0 


"TL T EW YORK — They have never 
IV I met, boLRobcrtB. Turner and Sol 


■■ \C 


*».; jV-. ..." 

"it Art 

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Mi ^ 

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■ 

■■■* C-..V .! 


- ^ 
'V, 


... 

Vtf.' 


. ' 'V : 


I V ChxTTTy have something in com- 
X » mon. Each of them has taken an 
escorted tour, conducted by a London-based 
company , called Voyages Jules Verne and 
discovered that Americans paid subsaniial- 
ly more t han Europeans on the y™ toms. 

Turner, who lives in Minnesota, paid 
$9,310 frahis wife and hfm^JF totravelby 
air and rad bom London to Hnnglfnng on 
what die company calls “Tie Golden Road 
to Far Cathay.” The journey began Sept. 19 
and ended Oct. 28. In a recent letter to The 
New York limes. T urner said, “During the 
trip we discovered that Jules Veme had k 

dual pricing policy. North Americans paid 


^.^S7 percent moreT ■ 


.ry^xxi 


ll '> ' ”■ Chazm, a mechanical engineer from ‘New : 


4. * f ■ l- 

V *% m m »i .;!» ■_ . | 

‘-*1 ill . iv ! r .. 


•■Cxx 
: . w 


■■■ 

■“ *■■<* >|*i. 



\ . . % The pound has strengi 
jA$L25 but, even so, there 
l *fc; ^disparities betwem what s 
.. trios cost in London- ant 


£■ • i V 


japan 


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PONTUOW 


|B‘ t Ii? 


Jersey, traveled ihrot^h India, Pakistan and 
Sri Lanka, mostly by-rail, on a tour called 
■The Rri Express." The dip began in Lon: 
don on Feb. 5 and ended , there March 13' 
'To start with,” Chazmoon^lained in early 
April, T paid S4,100 for the excursion. Hie 
rest of the22 tonrmentbos — mostly British 
— had booked the trip in London for 2^00 ~ 
pounds. Tm no »iwtlwnmiri«n , but the .es- 
change rate seems a little off there. Consider- 
ing tut thie British ponmHsTOorth S1BS or . 
so. I overpaid by roughly 45 percent” 

The pound has strengthened to about 
weresubstantial 

sotjc ctf the same 1 
trips cost in London and in the Urdted 
States. Voyages Jules -Veme was. hardly 
alone in dual pricing; sochpoikaes extended. 

In tthitJi tar gw n prra H nn^ inriiiifing CVugniVi 

Tourama and TVafalgar Tours, both basedin 
i rtwlnn i and ttans- Atlantic MiKnp of Cnn- 
ard line’s Queen Elizabeth 2. 

In some cases, there are ways to get 
around this. Most tours out of London can; 
be bouf^it there in pounds. You usually have 
to be there, however, and identify yonzsdfas 
the passenger. If a tour u popular and yon do 
not arrive until shortly before departure, it 
might be sold ouL 

A notable exoeptionis the OE-2. “Toucan 
buy in pounds in London amy if you are a. 
■„ readent —if your pasaxm is British,” 

~>said Alice Marshall, Canards »«But*ni vice 
president for public relations- in New York. 
Tf we charged Ui. residents the same price 
we charged others, there -wouldn’t be any 
U JL busness because it would be pricedoul 
of themariceL” 

Marshall an cabin in tzans- 
Atlanric class, the lower of.thie two dasses an 
the ship, with upper and lower berths, on a 
sailing from Southampton to New York, 
costs Americans about $1,510 a person, 
based on two in a cabin, but it costs Britans 
about £855. (Prices vary with cabm location 
and other factors.) Hie British price 
amounts to $ 1 ,067, or $443 less, asiipnted at 
; 5125 a pound A first-class cabin with two 
' lower beds costs Americans $2,720. and Brit- 
:: ons £1,540 pounds ($1,925). A deluxe cabin 
with two kwer berths (ai^ (fining in the . 

- 'choice Frinc&£ Grdl) costs Americans 
$3,440 and BriUms fTl^>45 pounds ($2,431). - 

To take advantage of the favorable pound 
rate,aBritcmv*oplamiedtosmlfiOTiNew 

ticket in^Srintefore leaving homeXWe 
don’t sdl in pounds in the United States,” 
Marshall said. . - 

Toot operators defend dual pricing on the 
ground that they have to establish rales up to 
a year in advance. Said Philip Moirefl, man- 
aging director of Travel Promotions Ltd. in 
London, which owns Voyages 3uk$ Verne; 
“Trying to anticipate what -mil lumpen be- 
tween the doHar and the pound is ^tike trying 
to hit a moving target.” 

- Operators say it costs more to matket 
tours in the United States than in Europe. 
They cite higher costs far advertising and 

hwniflmg reservations. Morrell said oammis- 
sons -to travel agents ran about ^ ^15 percent 
higher in the United States than in Britain 
because the U. S. rate was higjwr and be- 
cause all his American sales were through 
agents whale half his British sales were direct 
’>to travelers. 

Marshall of Canard said ha company's 
price structure was based primarily on local - 


conditions rather than mi currency fluctua- 
tions. “Prices are raised or lowered accord- 
ing to inflatio n in local markets,” she 
“Prices have been sort of steady for the past 
few years. But if the inflation rate in the 
United States was 5 percent, that’s about 
faow mncb rates would go up in the United 
States. If inflation in tbe UJL was 15 per- 
cent, that’s about how much rates would go 
up in the UiL” 

Under “Tour Conditions” on page 82 of 
. its 1985 ^Europe's Best Bargains” brochure, 
-distributed is the United Stales. Cosmos 

Tourama states that its dollar prices were set 

m.August 1984 and are subject to increase 
without notice if rates change substantially. 

Tn converting all the European currencies 

which make the Cosmos tour prices to 
UjS. dollars,” the company says, “it has been 
necessary to use a rate about 5 percent high- 
. erthan tee current (August 19M) bank rates 

■cost involved 

: available 


Here is one of the results, based on a 
comparison of this brochure, obtained in 
New York, with one obtained from Cosmos 
in London. A 14-day “Grand European 


Operators cite 
higher U.S. 
marketing costs. 


FoDdoce” tour, beginning and ending in 
London, is priced at $549 a person in the 
United States and £389 (S486)m Britain. An 
American can pay in pounds in London, said 
Jeffrey Joseph, Cosmos’s executive vice pres- 
ident for sales and marketing in New York. 

The “Scenic Europe” itinerary of Trafal- 
gar Tours is priced at $775 in the United 
States and &20 ($525) in London. Fra 
. Americans, however, the price indudes three 
nights in-London brads, which are not part 
of the British offering. If you rnbtraa $99 
fra those, nights at Trafalgar’s listed rale of 
$33 a night, the American price drops to 
$676. In its British brochure, however, Tra- 
falgar offers, as an extra, the same accommo- 
dations at £22. or $27.50, a night 

Asked to comment, Nigd Osborne, vice 
president for sales and marketing for Trafal- 
gar in New York, said, “Wc don’t specifical- 
ly market those tours in the UJC The bro- 
chures are there in our London reception 
center in case somebody returning from one 
of our tours wants to buy another one.” 

At American Express, Miriam Trokan, 

manag er of h nsmess support communica- 
tions, said most of the company’s European 
tours were priced in dollars and a European 
who paid in local currency would do so at the 
exchange rate then current. Short tours and 
villa vacations priced in pounds can be 
bought by anyone at that rate, she said. . 4 

Explaining Jules Verne's dual pricing. 
Morrell said many of the company’s ex- 
penses were incurred in Communist or de- 
veloping countries where they had to be paid 
in dollars or at rates set in relation to the 
dollar. He said th at few Britons took his 
tours (a point seme travelers have disputed) 
and that, because trade regulations limited 
the surcharges that could be imposed on 
them, they were in effect being subsidized by 
non-Britons. He said that if an American in 
London insisted on paying the pound price, 
he could do so, but that in mid-May the rates 
in the 1985 brochure were subject to a 95 
percent surcharge. - 

Once an American hag paid in dollars — 
as Tumer of Minnesota and Cjvmn of New 
Jersey learned after substantial correspon- 
dence — seeking a refund is likely to be 
futile. “Our pricing policy is not and ca nn ot 
be the concern of any entity other than this 
organization,” Morrell wrote to Tomer. He 
Called it “Hin giral to make comparisons and 
accusations as to price bias without compar- 
ing Kfre l with like and the differences of 
promotion and marketing costs.” ■ 


C 1985 The New York Tones 


Roger CoUis’s cobam will resume next week. 


TRAVEL 


Gems for Golfers in Alpine Lake Country 


by Thomas L. Friedman 


R EAL golfers and real fishermen 
have a lot in common: They like to 
keep secrets. The ideal, undiscov- 
-ered, uncrowded' 18-hole course is 
cherished by gcif fanatics the way fly fisher- 
men shroud in secrecy their favorite bends in 

the river. So it is with souk reluctance, but 
with the enthusiasm of one who oould never 
keep a secret, that 1 write about the golf 
courses at the foot of the Alps in the lake 
country along the Italian- Swiss border. 

Few ever get a mention in the guidebooks 
or mate theosls of the world's greatest golf 
courses, in part because the nearby skiing 
tends to dominate the sports writing about 

this area. But when God created the Alps, be 

also carved out a few valleys and tenrarad 

ofthese coursesare as delightful, daJIengiiig 
and scenic as can be Found anywhere. Tbs is 
golf worth traveling fra, and, when it is 
combined with the other attractions of the 
area, h is wrath traveling a long way for. 

The region has a number of major tourist 
rent * nc — fiy-arpr) and 1 nffmn in Switzer- 
land, or Como in Italy, to name only a few. 
My wife and I chose to work out of Stresa, an 
Italian jeSOTt tOWQ OQ the shore of Take 

Maggiore, about 90 minutes by car from 
Milan We were thus able to combine daily 
golf with sightseeing or a scenic drive. 

While American golfers may feel shy 
about barging into private clubs in Switzer- 
land or Italy, such dubs are all set up to 
welcome foreignguests and the green fees 
are reasonable. Though English is not spo- 
ken «"idi in tbit area, one quickly discovers 
that grJf is an lan g ua ge In a 

week of playing on Afferent courses, we 
were paired with a German woman from 
Bavana, two Italians and a french couple 
from Milan We soon picked up such handy 
terms as “Cest dami^ which is French fra 
T give yon thatpntt,” and “Rimettete aposto 
le zoUe ," Italian fra “Please replace your 
divots.” . 


must be tbat-a-way and drove straight into 
the curtain of fog. Fortunately, before we got 
completely lost or bounced a golf ball off 
some stranger’s bead, we were joined by two 
Italian gpntWnm who acted as our Sherpas. 
There was a comic scene on the par-3 sev- 
enth hole, a straight 150-yard shot into a 
well -bunkered green. A French couple had 
been playing in front of us, and the fog was 
so thick that even on this short par 3 we 


could not tcD if they were off the green. After 
waiting a sui table period, the Italians began 

n: • T- L “ 1 ..... rinlAul 


yelling in French, “Are you finished yet?” 

“I. .U. MnnKi?” Ufksn nn inniiM- 


A fine place to begin a golfing holiday 
is at theAssodazione Golf Club Al- 
pino di Stresa, about a 20-minute 
drive from Stresa up a winding, narrow 
mtnmtain mad TtdSlS a short nine -hole, par 

35 Alpine course set on a mountain slope 
about 2,400 feet (730 met era) above Lake 
Maggiore. 

The day we played there, the course was 
shrouded in fog. It was impossible to see 

any thing — any thing — mor e than 25 yards 

in front of you. Nevertheless, the course was 
crowded with local golfers. They, of course, 
knew where the holes were. 


My wife and I started out alone, squinted 
out from the first tee, glanced at the map on 
the back of the scorecard, decided the hole 


came back, they lined me up, and 1 swung 
away into the nay mist 

Like many high mountain courses, the 
Alpino has tough, heavy grass on both the 
fairways and the greens, and the tees are a 
hole rough. But the views, which we later 
investigated on a dear day. make up for it 
all, and fra the nongolfer the nine holes 
proride a lovely walk through the Alpine 
woods. There are no caddies or electric carts, 
but the well-stocked pro shop rents pull- 
carts and dubs, and sells every thing from 
golf clothes to gloves to E u rqpcan-size golf 
balls, which are slightly smaller than Ameri- 
can ones. like most of the courses in this 
area, the dub does not reserve tee times fra 
foreign guests. You amply show up and 
Miiwimnn that you want to play, and, pro- 
vided a tournament Is not on, the starter will 
fit you in. 

An afternoon at the Alpino course is best 
combined with a drive to the summit erf 
Mount Mouarone, whose 4,890-foot peak 
can be readied by cop tinging fra about an- 
other 45 minutes along the same twisting 
road that climbs up from Stresa to the golf 
dub. Along the way, the road cuts through a 
forested national park, where local people 
picnic on weekends, and the tiny village of 
Gignese, winch houses what may be the 
world's only umbrella and parasol museum, 
open April to September. 

Once you have got your game loosened up 
at the Alpino, it is time to try rate of the 
“real” courses in the area. To start with, 
there is the Golf Club Paumale Ascona in 
the Swiss lakefront town of Ascona, adjacent 
to Locarno and about a 70-minute drive 
from Stresa. This is a typical Swiss country 
dub. winch draws its membership from all 
over Europe. Hie par-71 course measures 
about 6,000 yards, and it is a little jewd — a 
flat, paridflee coarse with narrow driving 
alleys, bulging fairways, well-bunkered 
greens and a rough that is lined with all lands 
of trees. (There is such variety that the dub 
has marked the main spedes with identifying 
plaques.) 

Ascona is open from March to November, 
dubs and pull-carts can be rented at the 
clubhouse. They accept Italian lire as well as 
Swiss francs. 

Getting to Ascona from Stresa is half the 
fun. Two routes are possible, both of them 


scenic. The first is a drive north along the 
lake road, which is lined by dozens of ornate 
stone villas with manicured lawns, open-air 
lakeside restaurants and flowers in a rain- 
bow of colors. 

The other route, even more spectacular 
but less direct, is by way of Domodossola, at 
the foot of the Simplon Pass, then into Swit- 
zerland to Locarno. This sometimes dizzying 
two-hour ride takes you up and up to cver- 
nairower roads, past tiny Italian Alpine vil- 
lages and stone houses just below the tree 
line. The route is not for the faint-of-heart, 
the driver of an underpowered car or the 
golfer rushing to make a tee time. 

For those seeking a more challenging 
course than Ascona, the Golf Gub Varese, 
on the edge of Lake Varese, is about a 90- 
minute drive and ferryboat ride east of Stre- 
sa. This is a big course with wide fairways 


Varese is open all year. It does not have 
dubs for rent but has a few caddies and 
electric carts to help with the hills. 

The trip to Varese from Stresa is best 
combined with a visit to the botanical gar- 
dens of the Villa Taranto. The villa is just, 
outside Intra. the village north of Stresa 
where you catch the ferry across the Lake 
Maggiore for the drive to Varese. The gar- 
dens contain thousands of plants from all 
over the world. 



A NOTHER morning tour that can easily 
ZJm be combined with an afternoon's goff 
JL JL at Varese is a visit to the three Bono- 
mean Islands in Lake Maggiore, directly 
across from Stresa. You can hire a boat by 
the hour or take the inexpensive public fer- 
ries from the town pier and from island to 
island. Isola Bella, with its baroque palace 
and extravagant formal gardens, is almost 
worth giving up nine holes of golf to see in its 
entirety. 

For a perfect blend of the best of the 
Ascona and Varese golf courses, irv the 
Lugano Golf Gub on Lake Lugano in 'Swit- 
zerland. This flat, 18-hole par-71 course, 
which measures a little under 6.000 vards. 


has a lush, parklike quality, bordered by the 
blue lake and sheer Alpine slopes. It 


deep 


Da Nn York Turn 


and narrow, but dangerous, tree-infested 
roughs; in many ways it recalls Spain's great 
Sotogrande Ola Course on the Costa del SoL 
But in other ways Varese is more interesting 
— to begin with, its modem clubhouse is 
contained within the walls of a 13th-century 
convent, complete with bell tower. 

I found several of the holes at Varese to be 
a brilliant collaboration between the course 
designer and nature: Be prepared for hilly 
terrain, though, since the coarse is built on 
several different levels and requires you to 
think and to use every dub in the bag. The 
10th hole, for example, has a tee that lies 
more than a hundred feet above the fairway, 
which runs straight down to the lakeside 
green. On the 12thhole, a par 5, the green is 
protected from big hitters trying to get on in 
two by a deep natural gulch that cuts right in 
front of it and swallows any poorly hit ball; a 
similar gulch yawns between the lee and the 
green of the par-3 13th hole. 

Hie church bells pealing from the nearby 
villages every hour, together with the rin ging 
birds and the lovely day on which we played, 

maHp. me think at times tha t I had died and 
gone to golf heaven. 


has several memorably carved holes, woven 
around a rushing mountain stream. Stone 
ruins now cloaked in ivy have been incorpo- 
rated as formidable obstacles on some holes. 
1 especially enjoyed tbe par-4 300-yard 14th 
hole, where you have to needle vour drive 
between the remains of an old stone house 
on the left and trees and traps on the right. 

Open all year, the Lugano Golf Gub is 
also about a 90-minute drive and fenyboal 
crossing from Stresa. Gubs and electric carts 
can be rented. 

The club lies about five minutes outside 
Lugano, where you can visit the Thyssen- 
Bomemisza family’s Villa Favorita. nestled 
in a stylish garden on the lake. It houses one 
of the greatest private an collections in the 
world. Opening hours are limited to morn- 
ings and afternoons on Friday and Saturday 
and afternoons only on Sunday, from Good 
Friday to mid-October. 

Although we did not get a chance to play- 
them, there are three other golf courses with- 
in a two-hour radius of Stresa: the par-73 
Golf Gub Biella, southwest of Lake Maggio- 
re; the par-72 Golf Gub of Milan, reputedly 
tbe best in tbe area; and the very hilly par-69 
Villa d’Este Golf on Lake Como. 

A guide to Italian golf courses is available' 
from the Federazione Italians Golf. Via Fla- 
irwnifl 3 gg, 00196 Rome. A complete listing 
of all the dubs in Switzerland may be had 
from the Swiss Golf Assodation, Case Pos- 
tale, CH-1066 Epalmges- Lausanne. It is al- 
ways advisable to call ahead, as the courses 
are sometimes dosed to visitors because of 
private tournaments and the like. ■ 


© 1985 The New York Times 


Translators’ Pitfalls 


Continued from page 7 


are necessary in Czech, and “man,” that 
confounded noun that excludes women from 
such important statements as' “all men are 
created equal,” is replaced in such pro- 
nouncements by die perfectly neutral but 
also perfectly natural dovek. At die same 
time, Czech has masculine and feminine 
endings for verbs and nouns that allow the 


speaker gender identification. The writer, it 
seems to me, greatly profits from this eroti- 
cism in the language, and I flatter myself 
that I have played many agame withit in the 
endless conversations of my Characters of 
opposite sexes, undonbiedfy to the chagrin 
of my excellent translator, Paul Wilson. 

In May 1945, in Filsen, I gazed at mildly 
sex-starved GIs engaged in girl watching. 
From time to time they would call “Look at 
her!” Then I noticed mat Czech youngsters 
had begun commenting cm pretty girls with 
exclamations Eke “What a tuhetar What I 
witnessed that blessed summer of 1945 was a 
new word being bom out of the mouths of 


I used the word later in several stories, and 
it csinght on. Recently, like a greeting from a 
distant land, tbe word came back to me in 
tbe pages. of a novel written by a young 
Czech writer and published in Prague in 
1983. “Sic was among the prettiest hdeetkas 
in town,” tbe hero muses. “What is it really: 
a hketkcP. I have read it somewhere. Some- 
thing like a beautiful girt, a joy to lode at” 
Come on, my friend! You know where you 
read it Only yon cannot say it in socialist- 
realist Czechoslovakia. 


The htkeika called Dotty in “The Engineer 
erf Human Souls” does not speak Czech. She 
speaks very consistent American Czech, a 
language that was another pain in the neck 
fra my translator. 


the people. To the ears of youngsters igno- 
rant cf EnriijT 


iriish, “Look at her!” sounded 
something luce “Lookatah!" From there it 


was a short step to the perfectly Czech- 
sounding feminine substantive “ lu/ceuf* 
then to its diminutive, “ btketka 


American Czech is described in Hi 
Mencken's “American Language,” but since 
Mencken’s days, with waves of immigranis 
«^a»phig from totalitarian empires, it and 
other immigrant languages have greatly ex- 
panded, developed, grown more sophisticat- 
ed. Alas, they are untranslatable into En- 
glish. Czech — along with Polish, Russian, 
Italian, Japanese — has been beautifully 
bastardized by the language of Mark Twain, 

and it is the Fngtidt onmpnnent that malres it 


such a charmingly funny vehicle. But En- 
glish cannot be translated into English. 

No Czech translator — and there are some 
pretty good ones — can do justice to “For 
whom the Bell Tolls.” The Spanish effect of 
its dialogues is based on the composite roots 
of modem English, on its richness of syn- 
onyms of Romance and Anglo-Saxon origin, 
a richness that does not exist in Czech. 
Romance elements in that language are min- 
imal, and to find a substitution . . . well, 
we tried once, in another book. 

The Czech publishing house where I was 
an editor was gtnded by the “scientific" 
approach of Marxism. A brilliant translator, 
entrusted with rendering three novels by 
Agatha Christie into Czech, derided all pre- 
vious translations had been unscientific be- 
cause Hercule Poirot talked like any other 
character in the novel In English, the clever 
i speaks an extremely Frenchified Ea- 


rn g, the beloved Poirot speaking like a 
Sudeten German!” 


Our translator set to work scientifically, 
bat since there is no historic relation be- 
tween Czech and French, she based her solu- 
tion on the historical relations between. 
Czech and German. The experiment back- 
fired. Countless letters arrived on the edi- 
tor’s desk: “This is an outrage! The charm- 


Tbese are the more or less technical prob- ‘ 
lems of the translator’s craft The art enters 
after be has solved them, or rather it pours 
out of the book through the many channels 
that circumvent the difficulties and impossi- 
bilities of radical differences between lan- 
guages. A good writer does not rely on the 
richness of imagery alone. He often draws 
heavily on connotations, associations that 
sometimes only readers of his own back- 
ground, his own history, can have. 

Knowing all this and more, one has to be- 
grateful to translators and to the watchful 
editors who, not bong under the spell of tbe 
foreign language, correct their English. 
Working against heavy, often overwhelming 
odds, nndcr impossible dea dlines and for 
beggarly remuneration, the brave translators 
stiffmanage to produce good copies of other- 
wise inaccessible originals. ■ 


Josef Skvorecky, a novelist and the eebior of 
The Sixty-Eight Publishers in Toronto, has 
translated Faulkner, Hemingway, James and 
other writers into his native Czech. He wrote 
this essay for The Hew York Times. 


Two Feet a Day 


Continued from page 7 


infinitely more rewarding and easier. Want- 
ing ar a proper gait you can pace the 74 nriks 
from Exmoor to Bristol in three days. The 
going is by way of the Quaniock Hills 


coukt expect to be pot to death, summarily. 


jNrrro 







P' 

If 


v* i 
s-* i 
i-- 

t 







posed Camdot erf ftmg Arthur) and 
deep-cut Cheddar Gorge: 

Georgian Bristol, Britain’s first known 
prehistoric prat and. now a fashionable arts 
. . -yntfg and university town, is a better place 
Sian most to demonstrate bow a dedicated 
walker can see more, more qmddy than a 
captive sightseer on wheels. The trick is first 
to find the cultural center where.thexe will 
almost certainly be an inf tarnation bureau 
with street maps and brodraxes, and then 
move outWard m an ever-expanding cultural 
spiral 

In Bristol the boat.baan marks the old 
harbors from which thie city built up its long ; 
history of maritime, adventure and com- 
merce: Few tourist buses ventur e into those 
half-forgotten streets mid narrow quays of 
marvelous architecture. As you stroll from 
one place to another without watering your 
watch, the workaday life of a histone city 
begins to unfold. 

In a busy city, walking of ten tak es flute 
mare time than using public transport. But . 
however yon journey in Britain, -you should 7 
’'fctake time off to get to grips ^ with ttepiysicaj 
fed of the land. The feet rasp in entirely 
different ways cm grits, sandstones, ana 
shales; they sense the elasticity of imf-coy- 
ered limestones and peaty moorland; _ days 
fed different, too, in way that cannot eaauy 
be put into words. ^ . - . 

A tine drawn across England from Dart- 
moor in Devon in the southwest to the. 
mouth of the Tees in the zmrtheast divides. 
Britain into two fairly distinct regions. To 
the north and west of mat line are tlm refuges 
of the Celts, largely mountainous: To me: 
south and east are mostly the shires of Sdtbii 
Britain. The line is physically visible in the 
’'ySlfye valley to the north of Bristol where the 
■Welsh border, a scene- <rf ■centimes' of con- 
flict, is marked by OffaVDyke. It was ting 
out in the eighth century by the vassals' or 
King Qffa of the Middle Kingdom of Mer- 
cia, and ft was -decreed That anyra» fbund : 
carrying aims bn the wrongsiefctif .the dyke' 


forested hillocks cm my first long trip, I 
Struck .east -through Shropshire and then 
northeast by way of deserted canals to the 
foot of the famous Pennine Way at Edale in 
Derbyshire: This is the central highway for 
walkers in Britain, tbe escalator to the Scot- 
tish border. The foundations are of raspy 
- mflfctone grit. Far below, the fines of long, 
-low gray-mack houses lock, like moored de- 
stroyers. 

r Inthe Yorkshire Dales the grit is replaced 
by a gleaming white roller coaster of moun- 
tain hmcstonc. Here you must have songs to 
ring It takes 10 to 12 days to stride the 250 


miles on the crest erf the Ptamines between 
Derbyshire and that really bonny comer of 
tte ; ^ » ffidi^barde r near the rose-red town- 

England, is divided by a 
diagonal, the Highland Line. It extends 


northeast from a much disputed point not 
far from Clydes de and disappears some- 
where in Stirlingshire. It can be likened to a 
huge brooch that clasps together the High- 
lands and Lowlands. To the north and west 
they used to wear the kQt and speak Gaelic. 
Today that throaty language is replaced by a 
Siting cadence that to one pair of Sassenach 
ears is not half as broad as -Lallans, the 
dialect of Robbie Bums and the Lowlands, 



where they wear tbe trew (plaid trousers). 

No easy words can describe the stark 
splendor of the Western Highlands, which 
are slashed by sea lochs that give the coast 
such a dissipated appearance on the map. 
Some of the glens are still clothed by that 
most noble of native conifers, the Scotch 
pine, with an upper trank the color of Celtic 
gold. A lone tree has about it the quality of a 
defiant bugle blast 

There is a trail of sorts across tire Western 
Highlands from Glasgow to Fort William. I 
know of a better one, the exact coordinates 
of which oould not be dragged from me by 
the wild horses of Thrace lest the coming of 
thousands destroy the solitude that is its 
principal ornament. But Tm prepared to 
drop a clue: ancient drove roads, those High- 
land tracks down which veritable ri ver s of 
cattle were annually driven south to En- 
gland, mostly in die early 19th century, are 
still to be traced and trodden by the adven- 
turous. 

There are distilleries on tbe way — some 
of th*an official and some not — since the 
combination of sparkling torrents, peat, im- 
ported grain and traditional know-how lead 
inexorably to the production of that some- 
times almost transparent drink of whisky 
connoisseurs. Highland malt It is made in 
many pl ace s, from the Hebrides to Wick in 
Gaithwwgc, but Speyrideis to true malts what 
Kentucky is to bourbon, and what many 
that the greatest of them are from 
what must be tbe longest glen in the world, 
Gienfivet 

There is still argument about whether 
aque vitae name from Scotland or Ireland, 
but these are few doubts that tbe Scots 
invented the game of golf. The bunker-like 
bAot, the drumEns and moraines left be- 
hind by worn-out glariere provided them 
with ready-made courses. 

To the perceptive, geography is every- 
where. A walker must decipher what he sees, 
and for the walker in Britain the variety and 


pleasure are infinite. 


Secluded harbor of Mullion Cove in CpmwdfL 


John BUIaby is the president of the Back- 
packer, s’ Chib in Britain and author of "Jour- 
ney Home" and taker books on walking He 
wrote -this article for Tke New York Times. 


Chamber Music 


Continued from page 7 


Even Gidon plays better than ever before 
whenever be comes here." 


At least 100 musical works are given in 
about 25 concerts in 15 days, including mu- 
sic not played much elsewhere because of 
nnnainl instrumentation (such as a Coupe- 
rin “concerto for two deep instruments” su- 
perbly realized by the cellists David Germ- 
gas and Antonio Meneses) or politics (one of 
last year’s most beautiful offerings was 
“Garden of Joy and Sadness," a work for 
harp trio by Sofia Gubaidufina k thai is 
banned in Moscow, as is its composer). The 
concerts, which often last three to four hours 
with two intermissions and frequent encores, 
cost less than $10, with subscribers to six or 
more events receiving seating preference, bo- 
nuses surf] as admission to rehearsals and 
music films, and, above all, help with lodg- 
ing, which grows scarcer every year. 

The master classes proved a burden on the 
soloists, so most were dropped in 1983, but 
students still rehearse with the stars. The 
orchestra in 1983 was buflt from contestants 
in a string-quintet competition. Last year, 
for the first time, Ind»nhaiw imported a 
chamber orchestra, the Young German Phil- 
harmonic (25 string and lQ wnd players) on 
the same no-fee bass as the soloists. This 
summer it will bring in the German Cham- 
ber Music Academy Orchestra from Neuss. 
There remains one master class each sum- 
mer. Last year’s was in violin with Pjotr 
Bondarenko, Kitano’s teacher, formerly of 
Moscow, now of Tel Aviv. This year’s wifi be 
on German Classical and R oman tic cham- 
ber music with Franz Rupp, former accom- 
panist of Fritz Krdsler. Pablo Casals and 
Lotte Lehmann. 

Though Lockeohaus still has no hotel or 
tourist office, one tangible improvement 
wrought by Kroner's festival has been the 
fescue of tbe Burg, tbe local fortress-castle, 
from negject and oblivion. Perched on a high 
bluff above the town, its forward reaches 
were built in 1665 and its farther readies 
date from at least the ninth century and 
possibly as early as Roman times. Festival 
proceeds have paid for refurbishing the 
Burg, malting it a popular tourist attraction, 
with its torture chamber, its Knights’ Hall — 
said to be the only Gothic secular construc- 


tion in Austria — and its chapel with the 
oldest frescoes in Burgenland. Its raftered 
Festival Hall has been converted into a con- 
cert auditorium with two galleries and al- 
most 1,000 seats. 

Detailed festival programs are never being 
prated more than 24 hours in advance, but 
programming is seldom all that improvisa- 
tional The framework for each evening, 
such as this year's “Haydn & Contemporar- 
ies” July 1 and “Bach and Shostakovich” 
July 5, are announced months in advance. 
Tbe artists suggest the themes, and then the 
selections, but the exact combinations are 
decided on only after everyone has reached 
Lockenhaus and rehearsed' together. 

Half the concerts are in the Burg, whose 
thriving tavern has grown into a year-round 
enterprise open daily from 9 AM. to 11. 
PML, with an ambitious menu and reason- 
able prices. There may be better castles and 
better castle restaurants in Austria, but no- 
where can you dine in so charming a court- 
yard. 

Kremer, 38, mingles with the spectators 
on his rare nights off during the two weeks 
that he considers the high point erf his year. 
“Every friend of mine expects me to play 
with him or her, so I not only have to run the 
artistic side of the festival but also play 
almost twice as much as anybody else,* he 
said. Tm getting used to putting myself 
together for a performance on three hours of 
sleep." Caught between rehearsals last year, 
he said that Lockenhaus was “no long* mi 
adventure for me; it is now a philosophy and 
way of life. We’re still expanding a little. In 
1984. we repeated our opening performance 
... at the Vienna Konzerthaus. In 1985 
well tour ’Music from Lockenhaus’ in Ger" 
many and perhaps elsewhere after the festi- 
val But I don’t want to aim any higher than 
just developing and preserving Lockenhaus’s 
ideal nature as an oasis.” 


Lockenhaus International Chamber Music 
FestivakJune 29 through July 14. Information 
and reservations: Kammemtusikfest, A-7442 
Lockenhaus, Austria (tel: 02616-2224). ■ 


Alan Levy is a Vienna-based author and 
journalist 


r ... 


? 




I 





Page 10 


INTERNATIONAL 



IWiikJ With Tbc ISw Yorit TUne* and The Wawhingtoa PW 


Demand Will Need Help 


With money, as well as news, being 
bounced round the globe off satellites, the 
dynamics of the world economy are chang- 
ing. As the OECD secretarial warns in its 
latest analysis of economic prospects (see 
report on Page 1), if things stop getting better 
they will probably start getting worse: 

The lost couple of years have seen some 
progress out of the economic morass in 
which the decade started. New jobs have 
been created — although not nearly enough 
in Europe. The most imminent problems of 
international debt have at least been pressed 
back. And the opulent and the ill-fed have 
belatedly stepped up their efforts to stop 
hunger from giving way to starvation. 

But chaos is never for off. Today’s pros- 
pects are hardly promising unless changed 
policies give than a push. It looks as if such 
acceleration of growth and world trade as 
there has been recently is going to be inter- 
rupted. with demand in the United States 
recovering less hectically and no major ex- 
pansionary force replacing it elsewhere. 

If world demand becomes less expansion- 
ary — and this is the forecast of the OECD 
staff — international financial conditions 
could deteriorate sharply, with indebted de- 
veloping countries deciding that the unpop- 
ular policies they have been following are 
not going to restore their fortunes, and indi- 
vidual OECD countries resorting increas- 
ingly to protectionism. A return to the finan- 
cial crisis of two years ago could act like a 
deadweight on the real economy — the 
world of output, profits and jobs. 

The world economy is largely what the 
OECD countries make it. Chaos will easily 
come again if they look only to the past 
Recent years have seen the almost total 
dedication or OECD governments to root- 
ing out inflation, which is hardly surprising 


given the predicament they inherited — or 

concocted. But there is a difference between 

dedication and inflexibility. 

What happens when demand in the Unit- 
ed States loses the dangerously strong bud- 
getary stimulus of recent years? Other things 
being equal, depressive effects will spill ova' 
into the rest of the industrialized world — 
and throughout the poorer world, too — 
because the boost to their exports deriving 
from the American boom and the overval- 
ued dollar will shrivel The likelihood that 
these effects win be automatically offset by 
falling interest rates seems weak. 

America’s partners showed themselves 
disinclined, at the recent Bonn summit, to 
take action to offset UJx weakness, and the 
IMF staff supports them on this: The spirit 
of the time requires that governments con- 
centrate their efforts on breaking down the 
rigidities that hamper output. 

The OECD staff, less didactic, raise two 
important questions. First, could progress 
toward better supply-ride responsiveness be 
getting to the stage where some easing of 
demand policy becomes feasible? Without 
laboring the point, they note that wages, at 
least, are becoming more flexible. 

Second, as American growth slows down 
may not Europe and Japan need in any case 
to expand their own demand simply to pre- 
vent the expansion of world demand from 
shrinking below its already meager rate? 

Neither question can be answered imme- 
diately, because the more stringml budget 
policy needed in the United States is not yet 
in place. But it is right that these questions 
should be raised. The OECD’s latest analy- 
sis lifts the debate into an area which Prime 
Ministers Kohl, Nalcasooe and Thatcher are 

mistaken to regard 35 off limi ts. 

INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. 


Victory for Foreign Aid 


A political maneuver that may have seemed, 
for 10 days this month, to have undermined 
American support for the World Bank and 
other international lending institutions now 
seems to have strengthened it and put it on a 
more permanent bass. The maneuver was the 
refusal by Representative David Obey, the 
Wisconsin Democrat who chairs the foreign 
aid appropriations subcommittee, to support 
the administration's request for a $237-nuQion 
supplemental appropriation for three of these 
organizations. Mr. Obey acted when his Re- 
publican counterpart. Representative Jack 
Kemp of New York, moved to cut off these 
funds and most of the subcommittee Republi- 
cans supported it. At that point Mr. Obey and 
other Democrats voted against the £237 mil- 
lion, too, and it was stricken from the bill. 

That move threatened serious harm; it 
would have frozen lending at the Inter-Ameri- 
can Development Bank and resulted in failure 
to meet U.S. commitments to the Worid Bank 
and the Asian Development Rank. But Mr. 
Obey had good reason to do what he did. 
Bashing the international leading agencies has 
been a favorite sport for House Republicans 
for years. Mr. Kemp’s attacks have at least 
been consistent with bis own economic theo- 
ries that the agenda have been too stringent 
on borrowers. Other Republicans have de- 
lighted in cheap-shot amendments against 
loading to Communist countries — amend- 
ments they know any administration must 
oppose because the measures violate long- 


standing U.S. commitments. But that did not 
prevent the House Republican campaign com- 
mittee two years ago from Launching at*"**" 
on 21 Democratic congressmen who voted for 
such an amendment — even though they were 
supporting President Reagan's position. 

“We’re not prepared to be punching bags 
for Little Leaguers on your side of the aisle,” 
Mr. Obey said, and insisted that the adminis- 
tration get a majority of House Republicans to 
support this and other foreign aid bills. 

His maneuver seems to be w orking Last 
week Mr. Kemp dedded that a letter from 
Treasury Secretary Jama Baker removed his 
objections to the S237-miDion supplemental 
appropriation, and every Republican on the 
House Appropriations Corarm ttee voted for it 
They were joined by 23 of 27 Democrats. 

So the fun is over for the House Republi- 
cans. Not all of them like it, and there is a lot of 
grumbling from members who, bade on the 
stump, swore to vote against anything that 
even looked like a foreign aid ML Now they 
are being forced to recognize, as the Reagan 
administration was forced to recognize, that 
the international lending agencies do exceed- 
ingly useful work without which, among other 
things, the bounteous standard of living en- 
joyed in the United Stares could not have been 
achieved and cannot be maintained. By getting 
Republicans Into the habit of voting for for- 
eign aid, Mr. Obey’s maneuver helps to restore 
a bipartisan constituency for foreign aid. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Opinion 


In Brussels, 38 Dead and 1 Goal 

Fired up by the hatred of which they are 
known to be capable to a degree equaled by 
few others in the worid, and by the alcohol of 
which they are tragically avid, more than a 
hundred English hooligans burst into a rage, 
throwing brides, stones and bottles. Shame on 
nations that pose os civilized and yet send 
these brutal scoundrels out into the worid. 

— Gianni Brera in La Repubblica (Rome). 

Is it still worth it to organize great matches 
when the risks have become so high? Yet it was 
dear that on exuberant (but not vicious) Ital- 
ian crowd, face to face with the British hordes, 
was a fearsome detonator. It was foreseeable 
that there would be dramatic consequences. 

— Jacques Hereng in be Soir (Brussels). 

To judge by tbc empty and broken bottles in 
the center of Brussels and outside (he stadium, 
drink was again at the heart of the problem. 

— The Guardian (London). 


The match was not played to determine the 
better team but for reasons of public order. 
Juventus didn't want to play. It was out of fear 
that officials dedded the show must go on. 

— Orate del Buono in La Stampa (Turin). 

Whatever the arguments about crowd segre- 
gation, police inefficiency and provocation, 
weak walls, barriers and fences, it is the hooli- 
gan curse on English society which is culpable. 

Perhaps the very future or tire game, certain- 
ly the pan played in the international arena by 
England's teams, must be deemed in jeopardy 
now. But when it comes, expulsion from Euro- 
pean competition will be loo late for [Wednes- 
day] night's victims and their families. 

— Jeff Powell in the Daily Mail (London). 

[Soccer] has been swamped by a persistent 
strain of criminal violence. No one should 
quarrel if British clubs are banned from Euro- 
pean competitions for years. But the game is 
no longer the thing. The game has gone. 

— The Times ( London J. 


FROM OUR MAY 31 PAGES. 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1910: A Medical Uproar in America 
WASHINGTON — So great is the interest 
aroused among members of Congress by the 
rival arguments of the National League of 
Medical Freedom and the American Medical 
Association regarding the proposed Depart- 
ment of Public Health that they are eager “to 
get to Ibe bottom of the question.” The charge 
made by the opponents of the measure that it 
will mean the creation of a “doctors’ trust” is 
so startling that many Senators and Represen- 
tatives are eager to know in detail upon what 
ground the League bases such an assertion. 
“The indifference or hostility," says Mr. B.O. 
Flower, president of the League, “arises large- 
ly from their innate fear lest their rights and 
liberties be infringed upon.” 


1935: French Cabinet Overthrown 
PARIS — The Flan din Cabinet was over- 
thrown [early on May 31] when the Chamber 
refused to grant it full powers for the next five 
months to restore public finances and protect 
the franc from devaluation. The government's 
project was defeated by 353 votes to 202. The 
Ministers, with the exception of Pre mi er Flan- 
din, who retired in a state bordering cm col- 
lapse to his sick room, 'went to the Hyscc 
Palace and presented their collective resigna- 
tion to President Lebrun. Earlier in the eve- 
ning. Finance Minister Germain- Martin of- 
fered his resignation to M. Flandin, which was 
accepted. After the session, M. Flandin was 
led from ibe tribune in an almost fainting 
condition and had to be helped to his car. 


international herald tribune 

JOHN HAY WHITNEY, chairman 1 958-! 982 

KATHARINE GRAHAM. W1LUAM S. PALEY, ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 

Co-Chairmen 


PHTUP M. POISIE 
WALTER WELLS 

Samuel abt 
ROBERT K McCABE 
carlgewirtz 


LEE W. HUEBNER. Pvbhsktr 

Exmator Editor REN£ BONDY Damn' PMsker 

Editor ALAIN LECOUR AsmmPabb** 

Deputy Editor RICHARD H. MORGAN Associate hthkshcr 

Deputy Editor STEPHAN W. CONAWAY Director of Operations 
Associate Editor FRANCOIS DESMA1SONS Director efoadatan 

ROLF u. KRANEPUHL Director of Adfertatog Saks 


International Herald Tribune, 1S1 Avenue Chartra-dc-GauBe, 92200 Neuffly-sar-Setfle, 
France. Td.: (I) 747-fZfiJ. Trine 6127U (Herald). Cables Herald Paris. ISSN: <894-8052. 

Directeur de la pubhaaion: Walter N. Thayer. 

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U.S. subscription: 5322 yearly. Second-class postage pad at Long Island City. N.Y. IIIOL 
o 1985. International Herald Tribune. AB rights roared. 



FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 



An Opportunity for U.S.-Indhui Relations 


w 


ASHINGTON — The Nehru 

famil y’s visits to Washington 


By Thomas P. Thornton 


W V IQIIMIJ d II 011*1 M 

have not been political successes. Reagan next month, expectations 
Even John Kennedy’s enthusiasm wfl] be high, but. neither man wffl 
for India was dampened by his en- find it easy to meet them, 
counter with Jawaharlal Nehru, and If Mr. Reagan is to bade up his 

the 1971 visit of his daughter, the words about democracy and flee 
lam Indira Gandhi, was described enterprise and limiting Soviet influ- 
by Henry Kissinger as among the eucem Asia, he most reverse several 


Ocean region resulting 
troducoon of sophisticated _ 

past — meaning Pakistan — or in- and the ^creasing at 

look toward a future based fa Soviet 

an shared economic interests. . "^^Sn^fAfehanistan. 

Mr. Gandhi's poha* favoring 
■ivate enterprise and foreign in- 


most unfortunate meetings _ . 
Nixon had with any foreign leader. 

When Mrs. Gandhi's son and 
successor, Rajiv, calls an President 


private enwprix and farap m- “ ^ Unsesnoa 



trade and lending poticia that work cans have high hopes that could sad histoty -*j *arli 

- - ’ . — * — 


uttuc buu tcuunig poucta mat wont -~v T~ and irritating each 

to India's disadvantage. And Prime lead to improvement mstrained po- America^reai 

Minister Gandhi must ask himself litical relations. But m the short run other. Yet India 
whether be wants to talk about the 



these are fragile expectations. 

The Indian move toward liberal- 
ization remains a far ay from what 
Americans understand as an open 
economic system- And while re- 
duced trade barriers can benefit 
American exporters, especially in 
electronics and computers, India 
faces a foreign exchange squeeze 
and understandably looks to Amer- 
ica for support, especially as it 
moves toward economic policies 
Ameri ca has long recommended. 

But it is hard to see at this point 
where America is going to help. 
Neither large amounts of bilateral 
aid nor the opening of U A markets 
to Indian exports woald be likely to 


a special and promising moment. 
American interest in Intha has nev- 
er been higher, and Mr. Gandhi bas 
begun a process of change that can 
" le the tong-term basis for a 

political understanding. 


Both’ coimiries are uni^idy open 


in the international lending 
institutions are declining — in part 
of new demands by Cnhm 
and Africa, but also because UJ5. 
r p utrih utinns are being cut back. 
Technology transfers and invest- 
ment are largely in the control of the 
private sector, not the government. 

American hopa of a rapid Indian 
shift away from the Soviet Union 
are vain; the tie to Moscow is stab 
ply too important for India to j 


w each other, and if they look to the 

future instead of the past, tnis sum- 
mit meeting can break the dreary 
mold of its predecessors. 

For Prime Minister Gandhi it of- 
fers as opportunity to project the 
rrrpige of the new and ch ang i n g In- 
dia and convince a Sceptical Ameri- 
can private sector that it is a wei" 
come partner in India’s develop- 
ment- For President Reagan it u an 
opportunity to overcome some bar- 
neis of mistrust — to convince the 
Indians tha t America shares a com- 
mon strategic interest in the stabil- 
ity of South Asia and understands 
and supports their reasonable polit- 
ical and economic ambitions — and 


expects the same in return. 
India is 


Raltv Gandhi, by EWK. 

AftanbkKbt (Stockholm). 

C*W Svnflcote. 


ardize. When Mr. Gandhi calls for 
improved relations with Washing- 
ton, he is not talking of anything 
that India might need to do but is 
railing on the United Stales to 
change its policies, especially mili- 
tary supply to Pakistan. 

His government recently signed a 
joint comnmniqub in Kabul, of all 
places, expressing concern over the 
deteriorating security environment 
in the South Asian and Indian 


i only one of many claim- 
ants an American resources and 
P oncrro But the political and eco- 
nomic rewards can be substantial. 
The high cards Mr. Reagan holds in 
Hpgtrng with Rajiv Gandhi, no less 
than with Deng Xiaoping, are eco- 
unmic and technologicaLThis is an 
opportunity to play them as a mod- 
est start toward the kind of long- 
term relati onship America wants. 


The uniter is adjunct professor of 
Asian studies at the Johns Hopkins 
School of Advanced International 
Studies. He contributed Ms comment 
to The New York Times. 


Monstrous # 


But Not 


Impossible 


By Edwin M. Yoder Jr. 

nniitiral reasons’ ts tod nionstiWrii or 
reactST® the ■ 

our time will be severely tested 

trial that opened 




irate, has painstakingly 

ration. It involves a plot toHSCttefc 
like a Robert LwUum rovd, ««£ 
plcte with Turkish .mafios, dope 


Shef Byzantinc-BaBcan ploitiug-Thc 


a transnational terrorist 
the Gray Wolves and 


il l i ra .i j«ph* ■ -j, ■ • 

only missing dctfleni so far is. agms- 

ter ride on tire A 

And of course Judge Mfirtelte 4P 

prize witness, the hinge ^ 5 

Agrau a known liar, shouted from te 
courtroom cage; “I are JousQmsf 
— a claim that may safely he dts- 
missed, with much else mat be has 
said since May 1981. as false. 

Yet one lesson we need to learn. 
but have had great trouble tonring 
(or ai least absorbing) from Z uth cab 
any history, is that implauawlity «s 
no disproof of the rumors of evu. 

Consider Watergate, if only for . 
comic countopomL If, instead qf A 
merely happening, Watergate Jm* 
been invented by Allen Drury as part . 
of his ongoing saga of Washington 
politics, and published as a novel, 
thmt how the reviewers would have 
hooted Some would surety have hint- 
ed unkindly that political novelists 
are prone to borderline paranoia. 

Considered merely as a theory, in 
the abstract. Judge MarteUa's recon- 
struction of the papal a s sassi n ation 



Efficient Tax Reform or an Ideological Crusade? 


B OSTON — “Taxes are what we 
pay for a civilized society ” Jus- 
tice Oliver Wendell Holmes said in a 
U.& Supreme Court opinion 50 years 
ago. President Reagan coma from 
another universe of values. To hear 
Mr. Reagan, taxes and government 
itself are evils. There is no hint that 
taxes are the means, however imper- 
fect, by which we meet community 
needs: for schools, roads, museums, 
support for the afflicted and all the 
other decencies of rivilization. 

It is only rhetoric, some might say. 
Mr. Reagan is seeking public support 
for a great undertaking — transfor- 
mation of the revenue code — and he 
is entitled to throw in some populist 
phrases. Who could blame him for 
talking about the Statue of Libertyor 
America's “eternal frontier spirit”? 

But Tuesday's rhetoric rased an 
important question: Is President 


By Anthony Lewis 


Reagan seeking reform of the. tax 
system for its own sake, or ts he really 
interested in advancing ideological 
goals? That question could play a 
weighty part in consideration of the 
Reagan plan in the months ahead. 

Groups at all paints of the political 
compass agree on the idea of tax 
simplification, but many do not ac- 
cept Mr. Reagan's vision of shrunken 
governments leaving more and more 
of what are now public responsibil- 
ities to private action or none at alL 

Consider a major elemait of Mr. 
Reagan’s plan: ending the deduction 
for state and local income taxes. Is 
that tax reform or ideology? 

On the one hand, the proposal 
would push states toward the Reagan 
vision of smaller government In rela- 
tively high-tax states such as Massa- 


chusetts os New York, big taxpayers 
have been able to-tdl themselves that 
they would be able to deduct the 
payments on their federal returns. 
Without that factor there would 
doubtless be heavy pressure for tax 
cuts in those states, and they would 
have to trim government activities. 

On the other hand, ending the de- 
duction would remove a big loophole 
for wealthy federal taxpayers. And 
the proposal would provide much of 
the additional revenue needed to 
make possible the lower rata in the 
Reagan dan. There cannot really be 
meaningful tax reform without 


nation of that deduction ‘ 

Another point: America is not 
really a frontier society anymore. It is 
a country with states and dries help- 
ing millions of poor and handicapped 



Second Terms Are Accident-Prone 


N EW YORK — There is a pop- 
ular American belief that 
when presidents win a second term 
they are home free and can dictate a 
national agenda of thetr choosing. 
Not so. Experience shows that sec- 
ond-term presidents more often 
than not run into heavy weather — 
even if they win by landslides. 

It is not unusual that Ronald 
Reagan, having won a second term 
by an extraordinary mar gin, is en- 
countering serious problems in 
Congress and public antago nism 
over matters such as Bribing and 
Nicaragua. The same thing hap- 
pened to FrankHn D. Roosevelt 
when he won his second term in 
1936, carrying every state but 
Maine and Vermont His victory 
launched him into thepolitical fight 
of his life over his “conrt-paddng” 
plan by which he hoped to override 
the Supreme Courts opposition to 
New Deal legislation. 

Roosevelt tost in spite of his 
enormous majorities in Congress. 
Only the outbreak of Worid War ff 
enabled him to win a third term and 
thus obscure the political defeats 
that he suffered in his second. 

There are more recent, striking 
examples of “second-term blues.* 
Richard Nixon defeated George 
McGovern by a margin almost as 
great as that by which Mr. Reagan 
trounced Jimmy Carter. This re- 


By Harrison Salisbury 


for 

the 


seemed to go wrong. In March 1968 
he said he would not run again. 
Hany Truman skated to a nar- 


in 1948, 6m his term proved an 
agony, with Republicans frustrat- 


ing him at almost every turn. 


/oodrow WDson won his second 
term by a modest maraa, took the 
country into the war he had pledged 
not to eater and by the end of his 
term was a broken man, defeated in 
almost all bis idealistic goals. 

The only recent president whose 
second term did not skirt disaster 
was Dwight Eisenhower. He won 
by a landslid e (mare re-elections 


not are landslides) and sailed 


through the second term with no 
more difficulty ; 


markable victory led directly Into 
ter ana Mr. 


the W&tet^ate disaster 
Nixon's resignation. 

Lyndon Johnson had extraordi- 
nary success in serving our John 
Kennedy’s unexpired tom, but af- 
ter his tidal wave swamped Barry 
Goldwater in 1964 everything 


ty than during his first 
four. His experience may provide a 
due to the “second- term btos.” 

When rejected, he had no new 
agenda for Congress. Both terms 
were based, essentially, on collabo- 
ration and cooperation between a 
Republican White House and a 
Democratic Congress —a smooth- 
ly wracking team, by and large. 

Wherein lie the pitfalls of the 
second term? They seem to stem, 
from die political psychology of tbc 
While House. A fust-term presi- 
dent, whatever his party or philoso- 
phy, usually begins to nm for his 
second term the day he is sworn in. 

He .tends to postpone or compro- 
mise troublesome issues that might 
cost him votes four years hence. He 
uses compro m ise and condtistion 
in dealing with Congress. 

Once rocketed* particular if 


by a landslide, he tends to j 
broke, as Roosevelt did wii 
court-p ac king plan. He reorganizes 
his staff, tightens control and 
shucks off esgxriesiced aides (as 
Mr. Nixon did), leaving himsdf 
more Vulnerable to rnwraadnig of 
trends. The landslide second- tom 
president feds that he has been giv- 
en a mandate for his personal goals, 
forgetting that he has probably pttr- 
poseiy fuzzed their sharp edges to 
attract the broadest public support 
No longer a candidate, the sec- 
ond-tenner, abetted by his staff, 
has a tendency to “let Reagan be 
Reagan.” The second-termer has 
four more jyears in which to put his 

mark on history, and tends to throw 

caution to the winds. He does not 
perceive, as feflew politicians do, 
that from the moment of rejection 
be is a lame dock: He has lost much 
of the power to rcwairi and punish, 

■ an essential ingretficot of politics. 

If, as in WlIsod's case, the oppos- 
ing party controls Congress, tire 
seoondkeemer may head mro heavy 
weather. Tnunan, in tins sfomtiraL 
narrowed bis aims but, even so, was 
often frustrated. Johnson* as skilled 
a congressional operative as the 
White House has seen, could not 
prevail in his own Congress when 
he persisted in a Vietnam policy 
tint much of die nation opposed. 

it is too early to predict the out- 
coroe of tire Reagan presktenCT.but 
the first symptoms ctf “secocd-teim 
Woes” have begun to show. 


The writer is author of the forth-. 
;&> ofc “ ThelargMarda The 
He contributed das 
comment to The New York Times. 


>le for whom federal funds are 
w up. Just the other day the 
CangressKmal Research Service re- 
ported Oat 22 percent of the coun- 
try’s chQdrea are in families living 
below tire poverty fine. Thai is the 
reality behind the tax burden in some 
of the populist urban states. 

■ If it comes to be bdieved that “tax 
reform” is a way of wishing the reali- 
ty away, the terms of the debate wffl 
not be about reform anymore. 

The president said ms plan would 
“create mtifioosof newjobs” by stim- 
ulating investment. But an economic 
forecaster, Roger Brinner, said this 
was “more religion than science.” 

Of course ideology is inseparable 
from any tax change- But tins plan, if 
it is to be enacted, must be promoted 
and judged as reform. By that test 
Mr. Reagan deserves a passing grade. 
He cnt back. on the original Treasury 
plan, rirminuting some of its bold 
tines and trading off this and that 
concession to particular interests. But 
much, commoidably, has survived. 

Thus the Reagan plan would pat 
some hunts on dftJuctians of interest, 
although still with too much benefit 
for the rich. It would phase out most 
depletion allowances, although it 
wouM rive bad; to tire ofl companies 
the right to count in tariff bk thillmg 
costs as an expense. It would tighten 
depredation and impose a mixmimm 
tax on corporations, ending the scan- 
dal of big tax-free companies. 

An interesting symbol is the deci- 
sion to put a minimum tax of 20 
percent an high-income individual 
taxpayers: a. higher rate than expect- 
ed, arid a sign of seriousness. But Mr. 
Reagan caved in on the question oS 
capital gains. And he expanded tire 
Individual Retirement Account 

The debate should be on issues like 
those. It should be on whether tire 
president has given away too modi of 
the first Treasury proposal. If he and 
Congress stick to questions of re- 
form, forswearing ideological visions, 
reform just might be a reality. 

The New York Tones. 


dear motive. It is still possible 
wonder, after 10 years, what tire 

3 il umbers” wanted from Democratic 
ni yMial Ccommittee headquarters. 

It is not hard to imagine what the 
Russian or Bulgarian secret servicesfr 
might have wanted out of the death 
of the Polish pope at a time when the 
Solidarity ferment was at its height. 
Tbe cor bono (who benefits?) is dear. 

But skepticism about Judge Mar- 
tdla’s theory still feeds, most of all, 
on the civilized belief that plotting la 
kill the pope is so excessive on any 
known seme of political wickedness 
os to be beyond even the KGB. 

Tire depressing troth is that certain 
evils have been planned and carried 
out in our day not in spite of but 
because of tbor outlandish scale. 

You can start with the “incredible" 
fact that between 1976 and their fall 
■three years ago the mffitaiy rulers of 
Argentina abducted, imprisoned arn’, 
ofij^ mUrtkzed riKitmnd^'Gtf inne* 5 
cents, without notice or trial These 
“disappeared ones” were massed by 
their loved ones and others, but tire 
cold-blooded cruelty and high-hand- 
edness of .tire procedure seems to 
have numbed At^entitie sodety to it. 

- How implausible it. must have 
seemed — and did in fact seem — 
when Adolf Hitler announced a de- 
sign to remove mittiaiis of East Euro- 
pean? from their ancestral homes to 
make living room” for Germans! 

Ev3 designs often benefit from 
these generous doubts, from these 
“sane" sense erf proportion. Some 
plots are so megatomanic, so out of 
the question as to take on a protective 
coloration from their very outra- 
geousness. (^Surely they wouldn’t do 
that") But monstrosity alone is not, 
on its face, disproof of any scheme. 

Nor, of course, is it proof — a 
point to bear in mind wnuc the trial 
of the accused Turks and Bui 
proceeds in Rome. Judge 


nans 


may be wrong; Mr. Agca may be iff 
bigger liar than be is already known 


roe accused may be innocent m 
spite of thrij known ties. That is why 
we have trials. But we may dismiss 
the dozy belief that some crimes are 
too brazen to have been contemplat- 
ed. The hinny of such doubts has 
vuuisb cd, w ith other forms of inno- 
cences, from our century. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 



LKTTER TO THE EDITOR 




Nuclear Winter’s Lesson 


Our common mind is always slow 


to abandon concep ts that have long 
its t hin k ing wiren new dr- 


dominared its , 

cumstances render them obsolete. 

Recent scientific research has led 
to the widely publicized conclusion 
that a nuclear first strike by either 
of tbe superpowers, great enough to 
disami the other and [hereby prevent 
or limit retaliation, would probably 
bring on a “nudear winter” — that is, 
a darkening of the skies (chiefly by 
dust) and a consequent refrigeration 
erf the climate throughout tbe North- 
ern Hemisphere and wdl beyond. 
The refrigeration would in tom pro- 
dace general crop failure, starvation 
and the consequent extinction of 
much or most of the Earth’s popula- 
tion. It follows that such a first strike 
would, evat in the absence of irtalia- 

hAfl rnnttHnta hmUa C.. J • . 


qualification in present circum- 
smnea taka account of the threat 
of “proliferation.") 

Given the fact that the previous 
daireer of an intercoalinentaf nuclease 
exchange has now been obviated by 
the prospect of a nudear winter, the 
continuing competition between the 
superpowers in capacity for waging a 
war to wto mather-could resartTa s 
well as Washington's projected de- 
tense m space, cannot be explained 
by rational strategic considerations. 

tmio^pconon among the members 



that they do not underestimate the 
^ “Pities of a sup- 
potreaiy demonic enemy, and (21 vest- 
that, where astronomical 


Hfe the world over. ““ ^8bcr 
These findings are now accepted 
by leading authorities in theUnited 
States ana tire Soviet Union alike. 

In the drannstances, h tingmA a 
meeting, at rither the Kremlin or tire 
White House, to decide whether to 
launch a first strike. Whether those 

who meet are what wmaid as virtu- 
ous peopleor as wicked, whether thev 
mefoflowere of Jefferson or of Lem/ 
tiiey couM not collectively taketijc 
deosron foil would put acatastrtmh- 

ic end to all human hopes and asraa- 

ac*^ titor own mduded (Notethat 
wold necessarily be a 

odketire one. Neither head trf state 

has a bunon on his bedside table.) 

ro P^l ciremn- 
sances, me danger we have 

witosotong,S?fasiraS n ^ 

ar exchange, is no tongcTH. ^ 


***«®.«iucucuea aiu 
terests contribute to prei 
general recognition of the 
“e present situation, ti 
danga' of a great nudea 

has disnnrwinul J .1 


— rr “W siraiqgrc arm 
{rod should discontinue 
“cause of their comm 
^ should be working 

With rV. A 6 



k conclude tha t bran 
toyed reaction refereed t< 

me revolutia 

bona of “midear winter 

LOUIS. 


The writer is a former 

“f: Stete Department 
WfeaoT' at die Grudm 
international Studies in ( 




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Iteralfesii^&ribune 

AVIATION 


A SPECIAL REPORT— PART H 


Parti Appeared 
In Yesterday’s Editions 


I:- 

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, l y * 


FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


Page 11 


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By Joan M. Feldman 


V. .’i u *>. WASHINGTON — -Wheat US 

x . . t ." " airline dcrqgilators laid plana hi 

• •■•l l: -‘' ^ nrid-19TOs, some thought .was 

V . ' X -' -- Vi „ ^ 


Around 70 percent of UJS. agents 
are automated, accounting far at 
least 90. pdeeat of total airline 




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given to the danger of “concentra- 
tion.” That term generally twanr 
that four or five large carriers conld 
wind up dominating rentes ra the 
Uni ted Stales, with no room left for 
small, enterprising companies. It. 
was a matter of hoi. the 

notion was dismissed as not impor- 
tant enough to stop dqe gutoidp. ' 

little thought was devottdtopo- 
tential domination by a few earners 
through electronic marlmting . Yet,' 
is the concentration of power 
' through the use of computer reser- 
vations systems that many people 
think, is the greatest threat to uS.- 
airline deresulatiotL 
Airlines long have nsed travel' 
agents to distribute t kkas, consid- 
ering it was cheaper to pay commis- 
sions to agents than to use their-, 
own, highly paid personnel. Agents 
quickly became responsible for the 
majority of airline ticket sales. 

' Bui travel agents are now more 
than simply ticket distributors. In 
the competitive drive to sdl seats to 
the high-margin, freq uen t-fl ying 
business travder, United Airline s 
and American Airlines 
ve spent millions to gain 
t loyalty. Bigger, commercial 
agents (Le., those concentrating an 
business travel) get incentives to 
push one airline over others. Amer- 
ican Ai rlines ’ Sabre and United’s 
Apodo systems are the means by 
which themdines cement that loy- 
alty. 

Ammcan spent at least $200 
million and United $150 mflHon on 
computer reservations systems. For 
that, they have cornered 49 percent 
and 31 percent, respectively, of 
ticket sales through automated 
travel agendes. The other four 
computer systems have 20 percent 


In the past, airlines sometimes 
kqUcompcmare out of their sys- 
tems totally, even when the latter 
wanted to pay access fees. Also, 
dtfferent amines often paid differ- 
ent fees, depending on how much 
competition or exchange of busi- 
ness was involved. Still, despite 
; such discrimination, airlines with- 
out systems had Rllfi choice. Except 
for carriers such as People Express, 
- they found.it difficult not to join 
one system or another. They need- 
ed access to potential customers. 

. Last November, the Gvfl Aero- 
nautics Board, which dissolved it- 
self in January of this year, issued 
new rules to eliminate access and 
fee discrimination. Access offered 
to one carrier must be offered to all 
atifines; fees are now the same for 
aO lines. No one expected these 
roles and others issued at the same 
time to cure bias. They didn’t. 

In fact, the mmme the rules were 
effective. United pres su red agents 
to use an alternative computer dis- 
play. The CAB had said the first 
display screen could not be biased 
against competitors’ flights, but it 
said nothing about others. Airlines 
reported a Eig jump in ticket sales 
from those alternative screens. 

Complaints finally became so 
great that, after a Senate hearing in 
March, United agreed to give up its 
biased alternative display. Ameri- 
can and TWA quickly followed 
suit Eastern and Delta, which had 
not adopted the tactic in the first 
place, said they would not try it in 
the future. 

Discrimination, though, is not 
dead. Tbere is still primarydispl&y 
bias. Small airlines now complain 
about paying the same fees as big 
(Continued on Page 13) 


if'ifS# & -sSj? - "f V •• • 

■$?$* v: -^ir 



Executive Jets 

The latest version of the Mystfere-Falcon 
SO from Dassault-Breguet, above, which 
carries up to 7 passengers. At left, the 
Diamond n from MftstririshL 


Internat ional Airports Rated for the Fuss Factor 


. By Ronald Katz 

PARIS — In mid-May, while the 
British government continued to 
haggle over proposals to add ca- 
pacity at Heathrow and Stansted 
airports, the supervises of Amster- 
dam’s Sdnphol Airport quietly un- 
veiled then own expansion plan. 
Ambitions fora small country, the 
project calls for $400 million in 


improvements over 10 years. It in- 
cludes renovation of the airoorfs 
third pier, addition of a fifth pier 
and installation of a new antomat- 
ed luggage sorting system. 

SchipboTs optimism is reflected 
in its high standing with the public. 
Polls taken in Europe and the Unit- 
ed States by the International Air- 
line Passengers Association, a 
worldwide frequent-fliers organiza- 


tion. rated the airport first among 
international air terminals for com- 
fort and convenience. Similar find- 
ings were reported in a 1984 read- 
ers’ survey conducted by The 
Business Traveler, a British publi- 
cation. 

Opinions differ as to why Schi- 
pbd consistently ranks so high. 
The Dutch minister for transport 
and public works, Nedie Smit- 


:• - • 


• •'if 

:J‘£ 


serin; - 


: 

: ! .;.c 

■■ V.r.1 


... fc-r*' 





Class — Economy, Business or First — Is a Matter of Detail 


hktar 

Intense competition for - 
the executive dollar. 


By Roger CoLlis 

ANTIBES — Positivdy the 
most comfortable way to travel, 
at least on short European flights, 
is to acquire s seal in row 30 in 
the economy class cabin of Air 
France Aixbos. For the uninitiat- 
ed, this is the right seat across 
configuration by the emergency 
exits m the middle of the plane. It 
is the Gist row of the smoking 
section, yon have more kg room 
than first dais on a txans-Allan- 
ticfBgJit- You may even j^t a face 
drink, depending on the route. 

The bad news is that the rest of 
the economy seats seem to have 
been designed withpackagc tours 
of midgets from Rmgjmg Broth- 
ers in mind But you can always 
trade up to a business dais, 


where yon get more leg room in a 
“dedteatetr calm, a glass of 
champagne and a snack. This will 
cost you about 20 percent more 
than the fall economy fare and up 
to 90 percent more than a promo- 
tional ticket Not really worth it 
between London and Paris. 

Flying from New York to Lon- 
don on another airline, the pas- 
sengers in business class (eight 
seats across configuration in a 
Boeing 747) finished their meal 
loaded up with free drink* «nd 
went to the back of the plane 

four seats uMhe centerv^fhey 
were probably nearly as comfort- 
able as the folks in first class in 
their folly reclining sleeperette 
seats. But first class on that flight 
costs 57 percent more than busi- 


ness dass, which costs 56 percent 
more than M economy, which 
costs 108 percent more than the 
lowest promotional fare. In other 
words you could have five round 
trips in economy (albeit hedged 
with restrictions) for the price of 
one first-class ticket Make that 
seven if you compare with Con- 
corde. The really savvy traveler 
would do best to buy an economy 
ticket, a magnum of Dom Peng* 


iJduga 

caviar arid picnic in style in the 
back of the plane. 

What these examples illustrate 
is that, unlike most products and 
services, value feu money in air 
travel bears no relation to bow 
much you pay. Value for money 
is a function of three main crite- 
ria, price, comfort and service. 


Price bears no relation to distance 
traveled, as we all know. And 
there are more different fares 
than possible moves in a game of 
chess. Comfort is really a matter 
of seat pitch, which can vary 
widely by airline and class. And 
service, which, give or take a few 
frills, lflce electronic headsets, toi- 
let packs and earphones, is down 
bo now much free champagne you 
can drink between Europe and 
Houston. 

A bewildering array of options 
for the air traveler began to 
emerge eight years ago when 
business class began to be intro- 
duced, with the demise of first 
class on many short-haul routes 
and the burgeoning of discount 
(promotional) fares. (Today, only 
(Continued on Next Page) 


Undear Skies: 
Is Deregulation 
Taking Its Toll? 


Kroes, says the airport is “particu- 
larly congenial to passengers” pri- 
marily because it is run by an 
independent company, “the best 
guarantee of high standards.” (In 
fact, the slate owns 76 percent of 
the shares in SchiphoL, although a 
board of supervisors has the princi- 
pal say on management decisions.) 

But airport ratings area compli- 
cated affair, and Sduphofs high 
marks may result from a conver- 
gence of factors: its small size, lack 
of congestion, natural light and 
broad selection of duty-free shops, 
offering more than 40,000 separate 
items at prices said to be die meet 
reasonable in Europe. 

Answers to the IAPA question- 
naire suggest that travelers have a 
strong preference for airports that 
move them out with a minimum of 
fuss. The four points receiving 
most attention from respondents 
were quick baggage daim (63 per- 
cent), fast and easy check-in (44 
percent), rapid customs clearance 
(40 percent) and ease of changing 
planes (31 percent). 

Schiphol apparently did well 
across the board, but u specializes 
in cutting down the time required 
to change planes. One-third of 
Schiphol' s 10.9 million passengers 
in 1984 were transfer passengers, 
putting down at the airport on their 
way to other destinations. A Schi- 
phol spokesman claims the average 
(Continued on Next Page) 


By Douglas B. Feaver 

WASHINGTON — The U.S. 
airline industry, having survived 
dramatic fuel price increases, fare 
wars and a major air traffic con- 
trollers’ strike, is final!)’ getting to 
the question of finding the survi- 
vors in the era of deregulation. 

George James, a Washington 
economist who follows the industry 
closely, predicted in a recent inter- 
view (hat the long-expected shake- 
out of U3. carriers is beginning in 
earnest and said he expects some 
contraction in the industry. 

In 1984, be noted, “four carriers 
posted two-thirds of the total in- 
dustry operating profit," which left 
one-third for everybody else. Those 
four were United. American, Della 
and USAir, a once- liny regional 
that now plays in the big leagues 
despite not owning a single jumbo 
jet. 

Beyond saying that a shakeout is 
under way, however, neither Mr. 
James nor anyone else is willing to 
predict exactly who the players will 
be or how strong they will be, five 
years from now. 

There are a number of confusing 
developments. For example: 

• Airline passenger traffic is set- 
ting records every month, which 
should make industry leaders hap- 
py. Instead, they are worried that 
late-spring price batdes are not 
bringing real growth, but are am- 
ply encouraging travelers to fly 
now, not this summer. 

• The inability of the deregulat- 
ed airlines to automatically pass 
through labor costs in the form of 
fare increases has had a devastating 
effect on the incomes of airline em- 
ployees and brought strikes to two 
of the biggest U.S. names. United 
and Pan American World Airways. 

• The U.S. industry as a whole 
earned record revenue in 1984, 
about $44 billion, but its operating 
profit of just over $2 billion was 
heavily diluted by interest cat debt 
and other nonoperating expenses 
to produce a net of only $800 raO- 
liao, or 1.8 percent. 

• The best-known US. carrier 
on the international scene, Pan 
Am, sold United its birthright, its 
routes to the Pacific. That $750- 
mfilion deal, if approved by Presi- 
dent Ronald Reagan, will be the 


biggest dollar transaction in U.S. 
aviation history. Wall Street ana- 
lysts think the deal should intensify 
competition, and thus contribute to 
lower fares, for passengers crossing 
both the Atlantic and the Pacific. 

The transaction should solve Pan 
Am's money problems and help it 
concentrate on developing trans- 
Atlamic and South American mar- 
kets. United will get the routes it 
has long coveted across the Pacific, 
and it has a strong domestic net- 
work to feed international gate- 
ways at Los Angeles. San Francisco 
and Seattle. 

Pan Am is planning to build up 
its European hub at Frankfurt, is 
extending flights into East Europe- 
an countries and is even engaging 
in preliminary discussions to re- 
open direct flights between the 
United States and the Soviet 
Union, which were discontinued bv 
Mr. Reagan in 19S1 in response to 
Soviet pressure on Poland. 

Freed from having to worry 
about developing a domestic mar- 
ket in the western United States to 
feed its Pacific routes. Pan Am is 
concentrating on building Atlantic 
Coast gateways. It has finned up its 
hubs at New York's Kennedy Air- 
port and at Miami, and just started 
a major expansion at Washington's 
Dulles, complete with a promotion- 
al fare of $199 to Frankfurt. 

Pan Am is now but one of many 
U.S. airlines plying the Atlantic, 
however. The combination of de- 
regulation in the United States and 
a spate of renegotiated bilateral 
aviation treaties has significantly 
expanded service. 

In 1977, the last year before U.S. 
deregulation, 12 milli on passengers 
flew between the United States and 
Europe. In 1984, the number was 
17.7 million, a 47-percent increase, 
according to the U.S. Transporta- 
tion Department. In 1977, sched- 
uled airlines flew from Europe to 
11 gateway airports in the United 
Stales. Now there are 21 gateway 
airports. In 1977, the Atlantic was 
flown by three U.S. carriers and 18 
European airlines; last year, there 
were 10 U.S. airlines and 32 Euro- 
pean carriers. 

Pan Am’s Atlantic expansion, 
aided in part by a major purchase 
(Continued on Next Page) 


Traffic Growth 



1975 80 

Route Passenger Miles 


How do Japanese firefighters get to the fire? 



They do it with French helicopters. 

For many years now Aerospatiale has 
been supplying Alouettes, Pumas, and just 
recently Dolphins to the firemen of Tokyo 
and Yokohama. They are Aerospatiale’s 
best customers in Japan. 

Introduced by Sony and Nozaki, 
Aerospatiale helicopters have established 
themselves as the best in the fight against 
fire, as weD as in fields such as surveillance, 
rescue, and many other vital tasks. From 
transporting VIPs to TV news gathering. 

In America, the US Coast Guard will 
be soon using 96 Dolphins in all types of 
weather from Alaska to the Gulf of 
Mexico, for such duties as patrolling and 
rescue. 

For helicopters - as is the case for all 
our products - we work hand in hand 
with our customers to come up with the 
best possible solutions to their problems. 
Which goes a long way toward explaining 
why 80% of our sales are in foreign 
markets. 




Developing specific solutions for 
our clients problems, that’s what makes 
Aerospatiale special. 



aerosperffaie 









i 



Page 12 

A SPECIAL REPORT ON AVIATION 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


People Express Revs Up for Cheap Flights to the Continent 


TT.S- Carriers F jvMgjg. 

•I _ A«.n M r'lhnwd 

l«l. »«W lU „f pWu l RTV. * ■"“> •* 1 - t 

J.nHdRNWn 


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WASHINGTON — People Express plans to fly lo 
continental Europe this summer, but when that wSl 
be. and to which country or countries, has yet to be 
determined. No mailer.’ When the rapidly growing 
U.S. airline started service io London two years ago. it 
operated its first flight die same evening it received 
British authority. 

Ever since the airline started flying, in April 1981. 
its actions have been the focus of much attention. 
Rival airline executives in the United States and 
abroad spent a lot of time trying to counter its low 
costs and low fares. Its rapid expansion in 1984 and its 
resulting losses hate been the subject of I-toId-you- 
sos within the industry and disapproval on wait 
Street- 

People Express is tempering its U.S. domestic 
growth this year, but it has ambitious international 
plans. The companv has filed route applications to By 
to Zurich. Brussels. Luxembourg. the Netherlands, 
West Geraianv and Ireland. It already had op file 
requests to add London-Sianstcd and/or Mancnester 
toils London-GatwidkseAice. It wants to serve Cana- 


da, too. How much of this will come about depends on 
governmental approval availability of planes and the 
airline's finances. 

In the United States, airlines such as American- 
Northwest, USAir and Republic have reacted to Peo- 
ple Express's low fares. When People Express changed 
strategy, from serving uncompetitive markets to major 
points, the other lines countered. American Airlines 
even created an entirely new discount program to 
threaten People Express and other low-fare operators. 
And. as People Express has discovered, if there is only 
a small difference between its fares and those of bigger 
airlines offering more services along with frequent- 
flyer bonuses, travelers often select the bigger line. 

Despite the fare competition, People Express will 
become a billion -do liar company this year. Revenues 
were almost $600 milli on in 1984, which was more 
than double 1983’s total By year’s end, the line will be 
the ninth largest in the United States in terms of 
available capacity. By xnid-l9S6, it will have 80 air- 
planes, including right B-747& 50 B-727-200s and 22 
B-737s. It serves 35 cities, and may add a few more U.S 


Gass: Economy, Business or First 
Turns Out to Be a Matter of Detail 


(Continued From Previous Page! 


a few carriers, such as Lufthansa. 
Swissair. Austrian Airlines and 
Iberia offer first class wiihin Eu- 
rope.! 

The idea was io reward execu- 
tives who pay the full economy fare 
with a separate cabin and a more 
distinctive service such as more 
cabin anendanis. free champagne, 
priority check-ins. executive lounge 
and so on. 

At leasu that was the idea. But in 
man) shori-haui High is. business 
class is nothing more than a cur- 
uined-off section of Ihe economy 
cabin plus a free drink. 

And for this you can pay a sur- 
charge. depending on the route 
traveled as wdl as the airline. 

Okay, you'll say. 1'U fly econo- 
my. But many airlines have done 
away with the full economy fare, 
forcing travelers who want an unre- 
stricted ticket to pay a premium to 
go business class. 

Economy cabins are often re- 
served for discount travelers. SAS 
and Swissair are at least two honor- 
able exceptions to this practice, 
having kept excellent standards of 
service and comfort in the back of 
the plane. 

Intense competition for the exec- 


utive dollar has meant that busi- 
ness class has become the issue for 
the airplane advertising wars. (The 
full-fare paying passenger accounts 
for an average 40 percent of airline 
seats and perhaps 60 percent of 
revenue.) 

Even the term business class 
comes in a variety of exotic and 
skilfully confusing names. Take 


Across the Atlantic, both British 
Airways and Pan Am offer free 
helicopter transfers between Ken- 
nedy Airport and Manhattan for 
first- and business-doss passen- 
gers. while British Caledo nian has a 
free limousine service within a 40- 
mile (65-kilometer) radius of Man- 
hattan and Gaiwick for its recently 
inaugurated London and New 


It is arguable whether the experienced 
traveler takes much nodoe of these frills. 


your pick from Pacific, Super Exec- 


utive, Marco Polo, dipper, Gold, 
Galaxy, Navigator ana Preference 
Gass. 

You have to figure out. for exam- 
ple. that TWA’s business class is 
called Ambassador, not to be con- 
fused with Royal Ambassador, 
which is first class. British Airways 
has Super Gub for trans-Atlantic 
747 services and just dub on other 
long-haul and European routes. 

First-class passengers can some- 
times come off second best British 
Airways, which claims to have the 
“widest seat in the sky" at 24 inches 
(61 centimeters) in Super Oub, of- 
fers a miserly 21 inches in first 


= SHAW AERO = 

A «hHI estobiohrd US. firm ipecnli&ng in 
fuel and pd svjleir component! lot an c r aft, 
web rtprauntafiwa for scWlsd eouiUnai 
of Europe, Asks and South Amenca. 

PImm (mm« leave a menage at 
the U.S. POvMian, 

Honda DoparNnenf of Co mm er ce . 

T — iiITT ” - _ 


class. Seat pitch can vary by as 
much as six inches on the same 


much as six inches on the same 
plane from one airline to another. 

In Europe, Olympic holds the 
record with 39 inches, while Fra- 
nair, Iberia and Malaysia Airlines 
score best on intercontinental 
routes with 42 inches in business 
class. Seat pitch can go up to 62 
inches in first class. 


York flights. TWA enables its pas- 
sengers to leave their baggage at a 
special counter and walk to depar- 
ture lounges as they have been 
checked in up to 28 days in ad- 
vance. 

Malaysian Airways has a free left 
luggage facility at Kuala Lumpur 
for first-class 'passengers, and on 
Australia bound services, Lhey 
throw in a free room and a welcome 
drink at an airport hotel between 
connections. 

SAS will store your winter 
clothes if you are leaving for some- 
where hot from any Scandinavian 
airport And Swissair has a travel- 
assistance card for handicapped 
people and those with a language 
problem at any destination. 

On board, all airlines offer free 
drinks in business class, but Air 
New Zealand, Alitalia. Cathay and 
Lufthansa make you pay for cham- 
pagne. Singapore Airlines, noted 
for its in-flight catering, provides 
only one executive toilet on its 




ON TARGET 


antmmpacc\ 

c lke fire! commercial .space carrier 


points this year. It has 4,000 employees, including 
1,300 hired in 1984 alone. 

This rapid growth had its price. People Express lost 
money in the last quarter of 1984 ($1 1 million net) and 
in the first quarter of 1985 ($18.8 million net), the first 
losses since the first quarter of 1982. The break-even 
load factor, the percentage of seats that must be filled 
to break even, soared to 74 percent. Its stock price 
plummeted That, in turn, affected employee morale. 
Employees, whose wage rates are at least half industry 
standard, are partly compensated by ownexship of 
stock, which is supposed to appreciate. 

The company has tried to right itself. It raised fares 
where it could It is using both equipment and person- 
nel more productively. As a result. People Express 
reports, the break-even load factor dipped below 60 
percent by May l. A revamped reservations system 
will handle more calls, thereby eliminating the dogged 
phone lines greeting potential customers. The airline 
may offer a frequent-flyer program. It wants to attract 
business passengers whose loyalties swing to whichev- 
er airline offers the best bonuses. People Express also 


has $33 minio n more in its coffers, since a recent stock 
offering was oversubscribed. 

Foragn 'destinations, with their higher profit mar- 
gins, are attractive. People Express filled 84 percent of 
its seats to arid from London in April and it wants 
more British flights. As other airlines have found, 
foreign routes make up for a lot of domestic problems. 

Based on that. People Express filed its fluny of 
route applications. It would have an easy rime starting 
service to the Benelux countries, because of liberal 
route agreements. But there are other considerations. 
Switzerland, for example^ offers the possibility of 
year-round aircraft utilization. Ski season could be a 
peak operation. The Swiss government, though, is not 
enthusiastic about low fares. People Express is hoping 
Swissair’s desire far more US- routes wul help i ts case. 

Whatever continental European destination People 
Express selects, it must wait until at least July. It has 
four B-747s. all of them now used for flights to 
London and the U.S. West Coast Its next B-747 does 

not arrive until then. _ 

—JOAN M. FELDMAN 


U.S. Dome** 

3M* 


IVond'A Dome** 
13.** 



{ 

forty 


Nw»-t : .$. International 
i5.1 r r 


Which Airline Would You Choose? 

The International Airline Passengers Association sur- 

veyed its members last year to find out, among other 

} things, which airlines they preferred. 


j Of the more than 93,000 members surveyed, about 20 

percent responded by November — 

10,059 in North 

America and 9,072 more abroad. 


In gene rat members are high-frequency air travelers 

who travel for business and pleasure. They are predomi- 

I nantly male, highly educated, many 

are professionals, 1 

and most are in middle to high income brackets. Here 

are their top five choices and the airlines they choose to 

avoid: 


Preferred Airlines 

Total 

Swissair 

40.1% 

Lufthansa 

27.5% 

Singapore Airlines 

26.4% 

British Airways 

21.8% 

KLM 

20.4% 

Avoided Airlines 

Total 

British Airways 

15.8% 

Pan Am 

12.6% 

Alitalia 

12.1% 

Aeroflot 

11.1% 

Saudia 

8.2% 


Service Share 

World Domestic 
World Imcn«itirtnaf54Jf r r 


Airports: 
The Fuss 
Factor 


- 7 —^ S»* t W- W »**«. A* 

Oil Awiniun Oipnienii w. bm iirlmfc- Tow ** — 


r Canada 3.6 r f 

1 *ii in America 52 r f 

' y~ Africa 3-2Tr 

' - Middle Ea*t3,5‘^ 


747s, compared with five on SAS. 

Business- and first-class passen- 
gers on most airlines get priority 
check-in, hot towels, slipperettes, 
eye shades and toilet kits on long- 
haul flights. 

Air New Zealand offers a cabin 
bag, a scarf for women and a tie for 
men. South African Airways gives 
perfume, and Air Lanka, a packet 
of assorted tea. in business class 
and in first class. Some airlines 


such as Mala ysian. Pan Am, Qan- 
tas, SAS and Singapore We on- 
board mailing services. 

Naturally, every airline claims to 
be the best restaurant in the sky. 

It is arguable whether the experi- 
enced traveler takes much notice of 
these frilb. Getting there is the pri- 
ority. 

The only time I flew Concorde 
for a crucial meeting in New York. 
I was too full of angst and cham- 
pagne, to enjoy the trip. My com- 
panion in the next seal, asked for a 
glass of mineral water and went to 
sleep. Now that’s what 1 call class. 


(Continued From Previous Page) 
transfer tune is only 40 to 50 min- 
utes, because distances between 
planes are short and schedules of 
incoming and outgoing aircraft are 
carefully coordinated 

It is noteworthy that both Schi- 
phol and Singapore's Changi Air- 
port, which ranked second in the 
association poll, are angle-terminal 
airports; both were built by the 
same Dutch conglomerate. NACO, 
and both operate on the principle 
of moving the passenger quickly 
“from landsi de to airsde." The Zu- 
rich Ailpon, ranked third in the 
polls, has two terminals, but they 
are an easy walk apart. Like Schi- 
phoL Zurich's te rminals feature ex- 
cellent rail connections and exten- 
sive duty-free shopping facilities. 

London's Heathrow and New 
York's Kennedy were rated as the 
airports “least liked" by LAPA 
members. Allhough the reasons for 
negative ratings are not explained, 
both facilities suffer from similar 
problems: multiple terminals, 
heavy traffic congestion, over- 
crowded check-in stands and fre- 
quent delays in baggage retrieval. 
At Kennedy, the transfer between 
te rminals can be particularly try- 
ing, since the airport buses run er- 
ratically and are frequently full. 

Large metropolitan airports 
seeking to expand often ran into a 
tangle of political and environmen- 
tal constraints. Adding a fifth ter- 
minal to Heathrow, for example, 
would mean tearing up an old sew- 
er facility and installing a new. one. 
The Stansted alternative has pro- 
voked the ire of environmentalists 
and British Airways officials alike. 


Untied States 
41.5% 



Japan 5.0% 


Far East 12.1% {& 


libii* s = 


Europe 25.9% 

Shares by Airline Domicile 

Spam- Boeiap. Cnrrail .Htufcrt Outlook. February 1985 


Is Deregulation Taking Its Toll? 


(Continued From Previous Page) 
of new airplanes from Airbus In- 
dustrie. has made some govern- 
ment-owned European carriers 
nervous about their ability to react 
swiftly to competitive moves by 
Pan Am, a French official said re- 
cently. 

The major question is whether 
the fare deflation that deregulation 
has erased in the United States and 
across the Atlantic will be extended 
to the more closely controlled Eu- 
ropean markets. 

But it is the Pacific, not the At- 
lantic. that is regarded as the fast- 
est-growing potential market for 
international airlines. The United 
States has been losing market share 
to carriers from Japan, China, Sin- 
gapore and Korea, among others. 

Domestically, United and Amer- 
ican remain in heated competition, 
with Delta and Northwest close be- 
hind. 


Continental Airlines appears to 
be developing a strong western -cri-x 
ented presence since filing for. 
bankruptcy in 1983, but Braniff 
has not come bad: and the jury is 
still out on Eastern. Western and 
Republic airlines. 

Trans World Airlines, the lead* 
mg North Atlantic carrier, finds 
itself facing both unsolved labor 
problems and a takeover threat just 
as it appeared to be mining the 
comer. 

In addition to the financial is- 
sues, domestic airlines also face the 
problem of working out with the 
government a method of allocating 
access to busy airports that are al- 
ready full during prune time. That 
question suggests some type of hegyi 
ulaioiy approach and, a*_M rr* 
Jamies said, meads that re-regula- 
tion and consohdation are racing to 
see which will become the domi- 
nant trend. 





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anewsfandardmlhecoirporafeiaeikolHer 

7 is about to a r ri ve. '! ~T~ 


The new Bell 400TwinRanger. 





for is about to land — the new Bell 


IcwiS arrive an a class by itsdf; — 
because it s&sso^}any_pcw standards -hi ihe 
'corporate class.T 

Comfort: You. edild call the seven- 
' place 40CTafi1mfl%fat t^baidrdibrafe^use 
irk such an outstahding place to meet Club 


: ^S^twin-ens^dcperiddbffi£yi~-^^sw_^ 

; reGabifrtv These turbines are the latest in the I 
V 20 senes. ^nccn ^ihv rh?iK 0 T i iQ f{ 

; flight-hours. 1 - * ! ; — 

; , -: ! Itk^een ; i 

Jtoi#out die Bell 400 

the highly efficient (and safer) RngGiard = : 

•TS&rtiSfor ?D a 1— 



carrying on ithe business ar hapd in a quiet, 

■seancLcahiiL ; 1 — i. — L- 

Smoochness: Sure, four rotor blades 


too, makes for a smoother — land cjuieKri — 
rider - . ““ 

Controllability: Thar advanccd-tedi- 


Custom^ Service taolines stand Ircadyi to 

.-^^u.badtmjthe = 

I Ith the worlds most extensive service/ 
support q«work. And just took 


ddivCTrefiabititr from the Word go? 

'nTTIHAfV- miruf 91 O “ 


because it eahanoes agility, While reducing 


security to everyday travehn 


is.asassur- 


" - : fwwwe- mfbnnatim } eftJJ orwfiteBoh- 
400 M'eteiwJie. 

FtVmrii, Texas 76101 

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The refare is ours by design 






Page 13 


v.. 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


A SPECIAL REPORT ON AVL4TION 


ress Firms 
Take Off as Need 

es 






. WASHINGTON — The in- 
crease is business. competition 
worldwide, plus the trend to a jus- 
m- time inventory nhSosophy, has 
sharpened demand for rtnahle, 
rapid ddivery of small parcels and 
documents, meaning rapid growth 
for the air express business. 

; DHL, ttomlgnational e xpress 
company, waimataa the sbc oi the 
air express market for small pack- 
ages at almost S5 Wffion: S3 £ bil- 
lion in the United s**tes and JL2 
hO&on internationally. Federal Ex- 
- press alone became . a Sl-bilSon 
-Company in 10 years of operation. 
H is expected to nearly doable that 
ip this, its 12th qpaatingye&r.' 

Federal’s highly successful door- 
to-door, integrated air and ground 
delivery system was bound to bring 
competition. There are now five 
other mtoiiniiiii smaOrpadoge; 
air express entities m the United 
States: Emery Worldwide, Air- 
borne Freight, United Eared Ser- 
vice, Porolator Cornier aid foe 
U.S. Postal Service. 

The phenomenon is not Hmfarf 
to the United Stated DHL was 
j fo unded t 4 yw*** aw injjenia- 

Ti tional courier.At that time, coori- 



exswere tnrifonned pereonnd car- 
■ tying attaebi cases c&amed to tbeir 
wrists, co. board international air- 
fine flights. 

, * DHL. is $tih the largest intema- 
- tional company, but n no looker is 
simply, a courier. It, too, considers 
itself an express firm and now car- 
ries shipment* TO to 70 pounds 
fL7 kflograms). In fact, it often 
no on-board courier at afl,bnt 
trj ute shipmen ts in anlitte 

with its am pasoonel at 
other cod. 

• • Just as with Federal Egress in 
the United Stated DHL no longer 
has the field to itsdl Its competi- 
tois indudd npt only traditional 
international couriers sochas TNT 
Sfcypak, bat also Federal, which is 
starting its own trans-Atlantic op- 
erations in nad-Jtme, and Emery, 
which began daily service to Am- 
sterdam arul Manchester; England, 
-in May. ■ 

United Parcd Scrvice, a S6-b3- 
bon mmnxny, has purchased more 
than 70ranraftih me last two years 
and expects to be operating in En- 

,toaEttrcpeanairiinessudias 

Air France are of- 



fering their own versions of door- 
to-door small package service^ 

The competition for trans-Aflan- 
tic business is «»«* «hnt the DHL 
Airways president, Joseph 
Waecbtex. said volume shippers 
can pay as low as $20 a package. 
That matches the individual two- 
day rate within die United Stales 


of international wistnms .. 

DHL is adding services ar ncf i as 
company-provided packaging and 
mere sopmstierted tracking. 

‘ What once was deemed amirade 
— ov e r nig ht delivery of packages 


— is now routine. So routine, in 
fact, that one PurtJaior official 
said, “There is no such thing as an 
emergency” — not when a stopper 
can pick among several reliable 
vendors. Same-day deliveries are 
now the new “emergency," a Hew- 
lett-Packard shipping manager 
orid- 

Becanse air express in the United 
States is so widespread, the service 
has become more sophisticated. 
There are the usual volume dis- 
counts for big shippers, of coarse, 
but in the first few years of over- 
night service, too many people used 


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Its Toll? 

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m 



By Bob Burkhardr 

■ WASHINCFTON — Do you pay 
careful attention when your flight 

attendant d w iMwi Bliate s flia rtnrr - 

sach as oxygen 
i and fife vests, and points out 
the location ct emer g ency exits in 
theaircraft?. ~ 

-. You don't? Then you are Ore 
^almost all air travelers. Once you 
have heard your second or third 
such announcement, you just tuse 
out this part of the program. This 
npsets some flight attendants,- who 
feel that you maty be retiring your 
life and other passengers’. A few 
attendants have been known to slip 
in gratuitous remarks daring then 
demonstrations, just to see if any- 
body in the cabm is listening. . 

Apart from trying to be as help- 
ful as posrible, flight attendants say 
their main responsibility is passen- 
ger safety. That means not just 
clearing away thefood trays before 
landing or malritig sure that all pas- 
sengers have their seal belts fas- 
tened when the captain orders it, 
Ytot also knowing where the cats 
aft AnkFhbw 'tor epeh 1 the doors. 
Auendantsmtrst knowhow to deal 
with panic in the cabin and howio 
make suit: that as many passengers 
as possible get out of the anxdanein 
the event of an emergmey tanfing^ 
Attendants are issued a 14-point 
checklist <rf procedures in case of a 
landing emergency. This includes 


stowing loose items and sharp ob- 
jects, adrasrimt ca bi n Eehtrne and 
fe^ng passengers on assisting 

handicapped persons. 

Air turbulence can shalte loose 
eqmpment, even pooriy stowed 

'ha grag n | and fh«ft imgtndad nric . 

ales «w» create real hazards for 
and cxewi Cabin atteu- 
a pankmlady serious 
problem in. the galley* ymere even 

moderate tmtwwire often sends 

food carts careening mound and 
doors popping open to discharge 
food trays. 

Emergency landings are often 
Bfgfwnpanied by fire, as the plane 
grinds to a stop, sparks flying from 
a broken landing gear or the wing- 
tips, O’ even the engine nocnTlae 
that bang down from the wings on 
some aircraft types. These post-ac- 
cident fires are serious and affect 
the emergency evacuation of pas- 
sengers, tot what is of more con- 
cern to flight attendants are the 
fires that start in the cabin while 
the plane is aloft 

..These .pahm ^fira^-cau Jiave a 

nmnberofsonrcesrdtedectrical 

r " ' em, far exmr^ or smoking in 
lavatories, which Is forbidden, 
but often done. The US. Federal 
Aviation Adminis tration recently 
proposed that airfares install smok e 
detectors in all lavatories and. pro- 
vide the cabin crews with more ef- 
fective fire e xtinguishe rs. 


Since the fire fames, particularly 
from ho rning plastics, can often be 
hi ghly tmrir^ cahtn atiwidonts aim 

would Hke to see improvements in 
cabin ventilation systems. Under 
consideration are “protective 
breathing" devices for crew mem- 
bers. Sn«* a fire in die cabm can 
result in visibility being reduced to 
the point where passengers and 
crew are forced to crawl along the 
floor to find exits, the FAA is 
working on rules to require airimes 
to pi** 1 * emergency escape-path 
maiiers where they can be seen 
from the floor kveL 

Considera ble p rogr e s s is being 
made in developing flame-retar- 
dant doth for cabin upholstering. 
The FAA says that by reducing the 
flammability of materials, the gen- 
eration of smoke and tome gasses 
will be reduced. 

But flight attendants say much 
more needs to be done far cabin 
safety. 

While improved fire protection 
and long -s tanding i«n« such as 
better Hfe jackets are on the fist of 
tbreabib ' atterifemfs the two most 
urgent matters are die hours atten- 
dants work and a move by the FAA 
to allow two ovex-rong exits on 
some jumbo jets to be removed. 

At present, cabin attendants 
must work as long as their bosses 
tefl them to. This can lead to severe 
fatigue problems. The Association 


of Flight Attendants has pointed 
out to the FAA that the same prin- 
ciple that says that a fatigued pilot 
does not operate as well as a rested 
one applies to flight attendants. In 
stark terms, they say, “We cannot 
expect flight attendants who have 
omy five touts of sleep, or who are 
on the fifth leg of a tnp that began 
at midnig ht, or who nave worked 
32 of flie last 48 hours to perform 
ideally in thnte crucial nvanants 
after a crash when they get hun- 


dreds of people off a plane before it 
is consumed by fire.' 

In the case cf the FAA's decision 
to allow operators of certain 
Boeing B-747 jumbo jets to remove 
theover-wing exits, the flight atten- 
dants have derided to take their 
case to foe uA Congress. They 
want a law to reverse the FAA 
decision, which, while it could save 
die airimes money, “could lead to 
passengers being trapped in an 
emergency," they say. 


Electronic Sales: Sure Ticket 
To Bias Toward Passengers? 


1 


CONTRIBUTORS 


BOBBCRKHAHDTis the Washington aviation 
correspondent for the New Yorktosed Journal of 
Commerce and die London-based weekly Flight 
International. - 

Rn fiCT ffltUS writes the International Her- 
ald Tribune’s Tor Fun and ProGT travd column. 

DOUGLAS R. FEAYERis a staff writer for The 
Washington Post who fdtows aviation and trans- 
portation. 


JOAN M. FELDMAN is a Washmgton-based 
journalist and cnpgdtant who specializes in trans- 
portation. 

RONALD KATZ, secretary of the Air^ Transport 
■ Commission of the International Chamber of 
Commerce in Paris, writes about transportation, 
travel and oramnunicatioDS. His views do not nec- 
essarily reflect those of the ICC 

HOWARD SOUSSEL is a Paris-based jour- 
nalist who covers Africa. 


{Confirmed From Page 11) 

ffarrtera and no aiding hTraa paying 

higher fees for treatment that 
works against it The result has 
been the subject of a Justice De- 
partment investigation, several 
hearing* on Capitol Hill and law- 
suits by several camera 
Agents initially were neutral-par- 
ties. But they, also, are un d er the 
competitive gun. Their industry 
was deregulated, ending, among 
other firings, their guaranteed com- 
mission. Although many still insist 
they are neutral, they have signed 
up for one computer reservations 
system or another. American and 
United have given away tbeir Sabre 
and Apollo hardware and software 
and thrown in other bonuses to 
recruit big agents. 


fannaoce from agents, who turn 
find it diffinilt to maintain tbeir 
neutrality. For example, the air- 
fines often display their own flights 
first, even if they are inconvenient 
for the customer. They are slow to 
pat competitors’ new fares into 
tbeir systems, allowing them to 
match prices craickly. Some data 
never get into the computer. 

Some airimes think the only way 
the industry will ever get neutral 
treatment is through divestiture of 


airline-owned computer reserva- 
tions systems. More probable than 
divestiture is still more roles to 
curb current bias. But the Depart- 
ment of Transportation, now in 
charge of residual CAB regulation, 
is reluctant. Such regulations are a 
contradiction of the administra- 
tion's anti-government theme. 

■~~ One solution would Le a huge 
new neutral system that would ei- 
ther include all airimes or at least 
could rival Sabre and Apolkx Sev- 
eral nonairime companies, among 
them Visa and Citibank, have been 
exploring this possibility. But the 
barriers to entry are great, especial- 
ly the cost and the hard-won agent 
loyalty. 

The international airline com- 
munity has been discussing a neu- 
tral system, too. The International 
Air Transport Association set up a 
working group, which took six 
months to study computer reserva- 
tions systems. Now, the association 
has an “interest group” to develop 

biy TWA’s. totTWA^Mra^t 
does not want to sell part of its 
system, called PARS, unless Euro- 
pean airlines f fimrnate the bias in 
their own systems. West Germany, 
in particular, has roused TWA’s 
unhappiness. Bias, in other words, 
is not unique to the United States. 


Troubled Air Afrique Seeking 
Passage from Crisis to Profit 


betel Cmk MaumrnHT 


the system and transportation 
rh«iyt zoomed. So express com- 
panies are now tailoring deferred- 
ddiveiy programs so that shippers 
still get rast sendee, tot not at an 
unnecessarily high cost 
Ever-earher ddivery tiroes are 
another competitive tooL What 
once was a noon standard then be- 
came 10:30 A.M^ and now is 9 
o’clock in some U A downtown ar- 
eas. Federal provides big customers 
with the hardware necessary for 
pre-programmed electronic billing 
and performance reports. 

—JOAN M. FELDMAN 


By Howard Schissd 

PARIS — As it approaches its 
25th anniversary next year. Air 
Afrique. the continent's only multi- 
national airline, finds itself at a 
crossroads. 

In an atmosphere of financial 
crisis, the company’s 10 member 
states — B enin , B urki na Faso, 
Central African Republic, Chad, 
Congo, Ivory Coast. Mauritania, 
Niger. Setegal and Togo — must 
choose a replacement next month 
for the Ivonan chairman, Aoussou 
Koffi. 

Air Afrique’s newly designated 
chief executive. Auxence Ikonga, a 
framer Congolese foreign minister, 
will have to come to grips rapidly 
with a difficult situation and pro- 
vide the leadership necessary to en- 
able the airline to face the challeng- 
ing timpc ahead. 

Because of its unusual corporate 
s t ru ct ur e. Air Afrique must cope 
with unusual problems. Each of the 
African members has a 72-percent 
equity holding, while Sodeiraf. a 
firm owned by the private French 
carrier. Union des Transports Al- 
iens (UTAX and a French govern- 
ment agency, bold the remaining 28 
percent. 

Air Afrique management must 
thus contend with the complex po- 
litical realities of French-speaking 
Africa as well as with the often 
ambiguous nature of French- Afri- 
can coope ration agreements. Politi- 
cal rivalries have resulted in Air 
Afrique losing over the last 15 years 
two of its most dynamic markets. 
Cameroon and Gabon, both of 
which set up their own national flag 
carriers. 

Although it has expanded ser- 
vices into the English-speaking 
countries of West Africa, Air Afn- 
que has not been able to widen its 
membership outside the franco- 
phone area. Many of the compa- 
ny’s members are among the 
world's poorest states and have 
great difficulty mugring their finan- 
cial obligations to Air Afrique. 

The economic slowdown afflict- 
ing many of its members has sever- 
aly cut mto traffic-growth projec- 
tions. Moreover, soaring jet fuel 
costs, between 20 and 35 percent 


more expensve in African capitals 
than in Europe or North America, 
has taxed the airline’s operating 
budget 

Air Afrique's multinational per- 
sonality often complicates opera- 
tions. It must, for example, assure 
certain flights, especially to the hin- 
terland. which are unprofitable and 
maintain a larger than necessary 
staff in order to employ a sufficient 
number of nationals from each 
member country. 

“Air Afrique’s multinational 
character is both a strength and a 
weakness,” Mr. Koffi said. 

“In commercial aviation, it is a 
plus to possess traffic rights in 10 
countries,” he added. “Yet, it is a 
weakness because few states really 
consider Air Afrique as their own 
national airline that ought to be 
protected from outride competi- 
tion.” 

All these factors combined to 
turn profits of the 1970s into the 
negative balance sheets of the early 
1980s. When an initial austerity 
program failed to yield results, the 
airiine's financial situation deterio- 
rated to crisis proportions. 

The most serious problem was 
the growing arrears of member 
states, estimated at more than 300 
milli on French francs (531.6 mil- 
lion) at the end of 1984. 

The operating deficit in 1983 
reached 68 million francs, and ini- 
tial projections peg it almost twice 
as high for last year. In total, the 
airline’s debt, mostly the result of 
an ambitious fleet modernization 
program, now stands at an alarm- 
ing 2 billion francs. 

When Mr. Koffi tried to put seri- 
ous bell-tightening measures into 
effect last year, a strike broke out 
among pilots and flight engineers. 
Salaries were trimmed ana other 
advantages cut back, while stream- 
lining of procedures raised the 
staffs work load. 

With airline operations inter- 
rupted by the work stoppage and 
no negotiated issue in sight, the 
management to temporar- 
ily hire new crews, notably from 
Yugoslavia. 

Employees, for tbeir part, lashed 
out at slack government procedures 
like the 150 million francs in free 


tickets issued in 19S3 and other 
extravagant expenditures. 

Last spring, a summit conference 
in LotaL Togo, of leaders from the 
10 Air Afrique members agreed on 
a recovery plan. It was announced 
that almost 20 percent of the air- 
line's staff would be dismissed. 

Other reforms included a pledge 
by members to pay cash in future 
for tickets issued to government 
employees on official missions. It 
was also requested that govern- 
ments rapidly honor (heir dcbi 10 
Air Afrique. but so far only a mi- 
nority have done so. 

Beyond financial matters. Air 
Afrique will have to do some soul 
searching to assure its place in 
West African skies as competition 
intensifies and the demand for a 
wider range of services makes itself 
increasingly felL 

One of the most frequent criti- 
cisms leveled against Air Afrique is 


the relative} 1 high cost of its tickets. 
The virtual monopoly it has on 
most of its routes, along with UTA, 
has largely protected it from the 
deregulation drive affecting many 
world air markets. 

Certain independent French 
travel agents have sought to initiate 
inexpensive charter flights to cer- 
tain African destinations. Air .Afri- 
que has fought back by offering a 
wider range of discount fares. It is 
evident, however, that a greater ef- 
fort in this direction will have to be 
made during the next few years. 

In addition to restoring its some- 
what tarnished public image. Air 
Afrique will have to upgrade the 
quality and diversity oT Its in-flight 
service. 

UTA is introducing a special 
business class this year on most of 
its African routes, and Air Afrique 
will probably have to follow suit. 

A longer-term issue involves the 
future French role in Air Afrique. 
As the Africanizing program pro- 
gresses, there is likely to be more 
and more calls to reduce UTA’s 
position as Air Afrique's “big 
brother." 

The present crisis affecting Air 
Afrique could actually be a blessing 
in disguise. If properly handled, it 
could mark the airline’s passage 
from crisis to profits. 


Make an appointment 
to see where the future of 
executive jets is headed. 

The new Gulfstream IV is at Le Bourget for the Paris Air Show 
through June 9. And if you want to see what the next generation 
of the world's most experienced executive jet aircraft offers, make 
sure you see the Gulfstream IV. 

You’ll step into the full-size, fully outfitted mockup of the largest, 
longest cabin of any corporate jet, and sit in a cockpit more advanced 
than a commercial airliner. 

To arrange your visit, contact Joseph E. Anckner, Vice President, 
Gulfstream International Marketing, at 83-68-560 (Paris) 
between 0930-1630 hours. By appointment only, please. 


May31 through June 9, 1985. At LeBoixget Airport rfcnrcg cutfsoeam 
Salons brtemationaiix.de i’Aeronautifpie et de L’Espace. Aerospace 




mm m m 




I fee Muter 

nflkopfc* 

I®** 

y 1 1 , . • , 



How Airbus and Ariane have put new heart into our technology. 



Aerospatiale is proud of its cooperative 
" ventures in aeronautic and space programs: 
Concorde, Airbus, the Ariane launcher, our • 
Exocet missile systems, not to mention our 
helicopters where we’re the world's leading 
exporter, or satellites like Meteosat and 
Arabsat 

Successes like these are more than a 
demonstration of Aerospatiale's dedication 
to excellence and our mastery of advanced 
technologies. Thor also show our abifiy 
to successfully co-operale wfth our partners. 
In Europe, in America or anywhere else 
in the world. 

The artificial heart you see here works 
almost Eke the real thing. Its a spin-off 
of technologies we use everyday. Like 
computer assisted design, mkromechanics. 
and composite materials. In fed, we think 
of it as the offspring of Concorde, Ariane 
and Arabsat 

Aerospatiale is proud to play an important 
role in medical research- Wre equally 
proud that itis done in partnerships with Saudi 
Arabia. At Aerospatiale, innovating means 
sharing. 

And thafc what makes us spedal. 



that’s special, that’s aerospatiale. 








** 


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Page 14 


NYSE Most Actives 


Dow Jones Averages 



V«L Hlsb Low 

32539 38* 37% 

Lad 

38* 

aw. 

+i% 

AT&T 

26033 23* 

22% 

73 




18% 

18% 


NOtHCB 

23033 81* 

77* 

79% 

40% 

IBM 

16666 U9rt 

127% 

ia 



12763 77 

73% 

75% 



11350 31% 

30* 

31% 



10174 74% 

72 

73% 



10169 S3* 

S3* 

53* 

+ Vi 


10061 25% 

s* 

14% 


MMSUf 

9456 14% 

14 

14* 



9264 34* 

a* 

33* 


Edterd 

9209 28» 

26% 

28% 



8764 37* 

a* 

a* 


unTedi 

8726 42% 

40% 

41* 

+1% 


Ow 


HM LOW Lost Che. 

indin 130465 ’HI JS’S* ’Sm — ax 

»*ssaBH:B 


UfU 

cams 


UNTIsKMA'nOW A^ 1 y4 f.TB 

Thursday^ 


NYSE Index 


compgg» 

industrfota 

Tram. 

Lfflmies 

Fbw«e 


Hlefc Low Ooso Cbta# 
i«22 1CU4 108J3 +OJJT 

1 iBS lg-2 +au 
van hbjI 10228 —«62 
58.17 57.99 SZ.U +“J 
I1U4 1IAJ2 11*30 — HM 




Dow Jones Bond Averages [ 


Bonds 

utilities 

Industrials 


Clou argo 

7U8 +0.12 

S3 +oj5 

BQJ7 —WO 


MvancOd 

Declined 

uncftansed 

Total i(*uos 
Now H tofts 
New LOWS 

VbtamOL* 
volume down 


CUN 


44370.190 

4&402.030 


Odd-Lot Trading in N.Y. 


motW 

Mar SB 

‘MOV 24 

Mar 22 
Mav 22 


Buy Salto 

17Z#2 mm 
U3JS& mm 

i«mm sm* 

21X093 ensn 

20X592 HUS 


•Included In toe sales (tares 


•strrt 

uno 

21 J1J 

iaso 

m 

1211 


voi.at4PAu 


ioujuw 

Pnv.4fJW.voL MJ4&808 | 

Prev conMiMatcd due m«MM | 


Tables include the nationwide prices 

up to ttw dosii» on wan Street and 

do not reflect late tradeo elMwtwr*. 

Via The Associated Press - 


AMEX Diaries, 


Advanced 
■Mind . 
Undionoed 

Total issues 
New Htofts - 
New Lows 
volume up 
V olume down 


' 228 344 

390 340 

£7 M» 

775 7H3 

27 TO 

11 ■ 

1175450 

2448410 


"jj asdaQ InjgL 


week vw 


CwwgSl 

industrials 

Finance 

uffime?* 

Banks 

Tramp. 


Close cava 

SB.M — H2 

■31 ■» 


SSS35 

34820 mw 

2WJf m» 


~stn«dnrd & Poofs Index 1 


AMEX Sales, 


Industrials 

TransiL 

UfllHtas 

Finance 

Composite 


Hfgb Law aoee awe 
10640 207.24 208X0 +Wg 
KK3 14244 14241 — 003 
KOI i*41 USS +137 
2239 2241 MM + fc“ 
18X04 187 J9 187 J5 -+0107 


4 PJW. volumt 
Prev. 4 PJA. volume 
Pro,, cans, whims 


XHOD00 

£SSBS 


• aM LPS® 0*» 

VOL H» ““ , 

Sflffi. Sjj 85 !K K - s 

ra 8B $ ! i5- s 

Bill?:: 

Bill r: 


~A M EX stocK jgdgL 




rf«* 

-ryste 


m- 1 

il.il’-"-' 


i: Month 
HWhLsm Start 



NYSE Prices Show Small Gain 


12 Month 
Ugh Law Start 


SO 14 


2J0 40 


"23* 14 AAR 
1813 9% AGS 

iSaSSf* 

21* TO* AMR* Wl 1“ 
22% ANRBf 247 10.9 
TO* 7%APL 

Ml. Mat ASA 

n 14th avx 
; 4% It AZP 

Mat 361- AbtLab 
S’, 17 ACCOWdS 
XU 12% AcmtC 
mi 3 jo* AcmeE 
171.3 15 AdaEx, 

TO 111 AfflnMI 

if* n AtwSvs 
fll, SSL* AMD 
12% t>-\ Aavtnl 

14% 1+ Aerflox 

46% 27 1 - AehlLI 
34 ISU Ahmns 
3% 2* Alleen 
5317 38% AlrPrd 
13 AlrftFrt 
2 1 AIMOOS 

37*, 21 ATOP P* 





ims s“ S+s 


•• >31* Slat 
" "I t. s S-a 
^ 1**18*= 5 

IS Sii'S 


NEW ^r^rr w yo* M l Surges $4.5 Billion 

Thursday, continuing the indecisive showing of 

the past couple of sessions. ^ 

But analysis found some enemu^em™ 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — The narrowest measure of 
the U5. money supply -M- 1 —-jumped $4i 
in mid-May, the Federal Reserve Board 


¥* T 1 JSSpSIi !“ 

78U 41't AkiPof MO 112 
73W 57 AtaPvJ JW }U 
70 56 AlaPnl 

I6l> 11 Masses 1J4 7J 
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33U 23th Alarms .74 

| g« 

E 17 AlexAlx 1J0 17 

X04.24S 

Su £ AWCpnt 2J4 11.1 

aa iau Ate! nt ^ 

* 


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toot 

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42 T47t 14W J4Jt 

132 21W 21* 2110 

u 17% 17% 17% — % 

B07 awe 38Jt 31*— * 


x Z3* 23 u MVJ— * 

S 7B 77* 77J 

,S 


11 


4L4 8 5082 


47 9 


272 32H. 32U + g 

jo 18IA TBit It*— 

S 41* -W* ilS + 

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21 110th 110 JlOVh + Jh 

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1 AO 45 

wi, at AiotmciiJs 114 

■““Sss S-b ,? 

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SflV; 3fl Atwatr 113 17 
12* SV» AlUsCIl 
in 24 AUsC of 
54 20 ALLTL 1JM 
39^ 9L Alcoa 1J0 
• X lffh Amox 
40 771-1 Amo* Pf 3-00 M 

- 34 22* Am Has 1.10 38 

Hi 1U AmAnr 

211-3 15lh ABokr _ „ 

■ 70 53 ADrond 3W 60 

Sh. 

■iT §* SbS? 140 i 5 >7 ni'S’SS’SSJ 8 


SJ 14 3430 33 72* 32V}— * 

s ^ r ^ sm 

s S s*r 

3 «zu 40V6 42U + 5 
(B 28* 28* 28* — Vh 
s SS 46 46 


Wall Street n . . . . May 20 from S577.8 billion the previous week. 

The Dow Jones average of 30 iMusttufl^ M-l ^ fas cash in drculation, deposns m 

down 45 Tuesday and up 1.46 Wednesday, rose chec j E j n g accounts and non-bank travdas 1 

Tmo l 30m S - money most easily available for 

'Volun* - J* laust 13 weeks, M-l averaged S574.8 

■■ 'justed annual 
wedcs. The 

hM a sliebt edae on declines. Fed has said u wouw u« i« 

Ljwu Mid*at investors stiU wot busy * ISMlhrough 

coSLg lie complicated po^ a. fourth qmiter 01 1985. 

PresidentRonald Rragan s tax-reform proposal “ ~ 

andits chances for passage in Congress. surprises, and did not give any 

' Keith HerteU of Drexel Burnham Lambert dther of serious w^messm buan^^vity or 

tjg&ss SS-S ‘JSSSiSsr. 

acuvity. But he he was encourage y ^ bQlion ^ ^ „ nC ws of 

market slate surge. some interest to investors. However, a big 

Before the market opened, the Commerce of tha[ acl ^ l y ^ in funds specializing 

Depar tmen t reported that the Index of Leading ^ -, rivprnrnCTt securities and municipal bonds. 
Economic Indicators dropped 0.2 Percent in ^ analysts said that the recent tendency 

April At the same ume, 0 f trading to Urin out when the market goes 


S 4 Emppf JO 
9 7 Emppf .91 

V* EoCM 
32* 22* Enol Cd Jl 
38* 18* EntaSo J4 
27* 17* ErntJi U8 
56* 51* EmeflPf 6J401L5 
21*. 20* EfBEXl 
3 1* Eranx 

18 9* Enfcru 

2D 15* ElUxEn TJDWp „ 

21* u rtitaxln 1J0 7.1 YO 

32* T7* EWfill l.M 34 17 

4* 3* eoulrak 
. 18* 11* Bun* pf 2J1 124 
49* 28* EtfRas 1J2 3J 8 
14* 9* EwKcn 
14* 9* ElUmnl 

22% 12% Essnstt 
28* 18* EssbcC 
21% 16* Estrtna 
22 18 EtftylS 

6Vi 1* vIPvonP 
V* 7* vJEvanpf 
12* 4 viEvnafB . 

41* X ExCcto in JJ f 

17* U% Excetsr IJtolBJ 
54* 35 


Plv. YULP6 

u not j 4* 4* + * 

S ^ ^ ^ 

SiS %££»&=& 

63 17 4957 25* 25 


2R4— 1A 

sg + » 

er 7 * m* ISlE 

mr 6 

IPFfce 

997 2?* 21% »% 

'^ahh. al 

iBur H 25 JSJ !S*.ti 

64 810147 53% S3* 53% + %l 


250OON THEPOW 


24 


J2 S 10 
30 22 17 
At 10 14 
30b 29 14 
n to ± 
M 24 12 


Since 1981, 90% of off »»» ' eventually saay^a-.-- . $ 3^ 

82% of equities. $T FORD around S 17 , of 

Cte &w^or«of America's mc^ SenSefumre and 

• Last summer when the DOW writed^under^ . Qt timWityriotinG— 
discarded dreams, PROPHETS OF DOOM • 

BUY, THE MARKET IS ABOUT TO.ERL^T VAPOm^NU g? irts; bears W^e 
wmilnfivetradingsMswreth^^^^ 1 ^®)®^® to 2500, wtth 
decimated. In our opinion the DOW wm ^nnrforthcominfl1©tte r,oc M^ 




11 6* FH UP .Uta 14 3 

48 44* FMC 230 S3 41 

84 54 FMC Pf 235 2J 

2SVh 17* FPL Gf 14* J] ■ 
13* 9* FobCtr 38 24 M 

14* 9* Focef „ 7 

20* 14* Polrchd .40 M 
39* 33* Fotrc pf 340 10-1 
1C* 9* Fohla M 13 9 

34* 11* FomDI.l 30 3 25 

W* 14 FaaM 40 44 11 

nu 14* Fan* JB 47 8 

13 8* FavDrp ^ 20 IB 

6* 4* FMtam JBa 3 8 

38* 29* FcdKO 1J4 4J 
45* 31* FadExD 


Ol Ml W 

% ;r IS E»-* 

125 14* 14* + * 

40 35* 35* 35*— * 

188 W » 10 • 

_ 479 38* 38* M* *■ * I 
31 2901 41 om w l 


n it* i7* ig» + * 
1171 44* 43 53% — 31 
32 


27* 30* +3* 


— * 


reported 

pe Analysts said the numbers contained no great 


(AP, UPI ) 


. 57 40* Am Con MO 11 

25* 21* ACon pf 230 11.1 
50 37 ACon Pt M0 60 

114 103 ACon Pf IMS 12.1 
20* 16* ACOpQd 220 1M 
X^ 25* ACopCv 151e 84 
11 tVi ACcotC 

5616 43* A Cyan 130 
. 29* IB* ADT 
' 33 IS* AElPw 


3 gSt^|£ + ' ft 

*S 1133* 111* 113* — * 

srssr+w 

14 Ti 4154 56* 54 ^ +1 |* 

&S H 1312 S5 s; SS=* 


Els. Ctos*^ 

Dlw. YkL PE lDOaHIgh Law Quot. QfOO 


234 


IB* 9 Ba»E pr 1.17 103 
m 10* bSI 5- 146 183 
35% 14% Bwmtr *" 

31* 25* B ffpM 
61* 43* BrWM 
4% 3'A BrltLnd 

29* 21* BrttPI 1306 64 
21* 9* BrilTPB 

s* 1* Brack 


32 

140 

130 


35* 19% AGnCp MO 
15* 6 AGnlwt 
55* 

' 751? 44* AGn i Rf — . 

71* 40% AGn PTO 244 
32* 25* AH6flt 130 
T7* 7* A H6l»t 

64% 46* AHonw M0 
■ 38 76% A Hasp l.n 

90* 62* Amrffh 640 
B7% 52 AlnCra 44 
144 112* AIGppt SOS 

28* II* AMI 32 
5* 2* AmMof 
43* 23* APrWkJ 
29 16* APreswt 

13% 5 A5LFIO 
W% l^i ASLP 
16 10% AShlo 

• 35* 22% AmEM 
59% 24* AmSIar 

ffirassSisiH 

3* 15 AT&T 130 
40 30* AT&T pf 344 

40* 31* AT&Tpf 1W »4 
. 27% IS AWafTl 130 1* 
12* 10 AWafPf 135 103 

; sasssssr bt* 

I^sSSSSS. SAt 63 

s rsaar.^" 


19 io 1292 34* 33% 34* 

“ H2 14* 14* T£h „ 
105 55* 55 g* + % 
105 93 92 *2 — 1 

3 74 74 74 — * 

J” "SAi.aSJSSiia 

33 12 ino 24* 23* 24 


33% 29 
26% 13 


BkUGpf X« 113 

BwnSli 30 13 


12 Month 

High U»w Start 

31 10% 10% IWh 
16 13* 13% T» „ 

7 

sa 3* m 3% + * 

“ -ssi *b z * 

85 3% 28* 28* 

23 17 1105 47% 46 47* +1* 

“ • % a 1 

4 17* 17 17* + * 

11 19% 19* 19* 

45 18* 18* 18* 

157 26% 24 24% + % 

"SSSSSSS 

i. 15 x£ a s* b» + s 

- * 1 - 4* ButHPf 2.18 428 106 5 5 5 


12Monlti 

HWl Low Start 


Dlv. WL PE 


SK 

WOs HW Law 


OOK 

Ouol. Ch'fif 


39 27* FdMOB UB *3 ,0 i 2H?Su,?? fc i| w + Vh 

19% 10% FcdNM .M 3 , 5711 19% 19 19* f « 

27 16% FadPBs 30 33 7 

43 45 FPoppf 130 23 

27% 25% FPUPPf 2J1 M 
33 16 FcdRH W UH 

19* 13% FCtSonl 30 43 15 
64% 43* FwdDSf ZSt *0 9 
28* 22* F»rro 130 39 W 3»J 

*2* SSa ^ 7 301 “ ^S5 ^% + % 

4flh 14* FtaSpf 6730Z13 S3 32* 31* 31%— 1 

5* 2* FnSBar 

22* 16 Flratfa 38 17 10 
24* 12% F7AH» 38 32 8 

57 50* FIAHPf 6.17*103 

37% 21* FtBkSr 1-60 4J B 

35 25* FBkFlo 1-20 3-6 ]2 

74% 35% FBant 1=W 17 11 

27 18% FsfCWc LW .53 28 

18* 11% FtBTax 1 JO 10J 9 

54 39* FIBTXpfSJMUS . 

71 8% Ftaty | 

22% 10% FFatfAz _J0e 13 7 


For your complimentary copy please wn« | 

1 ~~r.— r. i 


C.VXL Capttai Ventura ConsuUaut* 
Amsterdam B.V. 

Phone: 


CAPITAL 
W GAINS ■ 


(020) 27 S» 81 Telex: 18536 


8 

50 

37 23 16 
.24b 18 13 
130 83 9 

140 &2 9 
30 M 6 


s fa Js f£±z\ ss r nr.H .K 

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45% 26* B rwnF 138 
40% 24* Brnawk 18a 
40* Z7% BrsftWS ^ 13 15 
19* 13% Bun^V^ ,30 4J 8 
19% 15* BunkrH 116 11.1 
21* 14* BurlnO , .. J 7 
28% 23 Bur II ml 134 S3 74 
»% S BrlNtti 130 25 8 
22% 19 BrINpf 2.12 93 
fl* 44* BrlNPf 536*1 LI 
IS* 12% B umdy 34 
46* 48% Burrvh 230 


E’3s«i!ppt|g= 

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ccx . 


330 53 
32 23 
30 23 14 
9 

Sli 


29* 21* Anwtafc 
27* IBM Amtac 
16 8* Amtaac 

49 50* Amoco 

38* 24* AMP 
24 11% Ampco 

20* 12* AmraPh 
11% 19 AmStti 130 
43* 25% Amatad 130 
4* 1* Anocmp 

24* 15*h Anloa» 

30% 19% Andw 138 
42* 24* AnC1ay 1« 

12* 9% AnOrGr 30 
24* 16% Anodic 36 
; 88* 59% Anhoui 23Q 
1 29lh 19% AnfwuwJ 
i 62* 45% AnlWUPf X60 
i 19% IS* Anlilr 38 
• 16% 8% Anfhom 34 
I 15* 10* Anlftnv 
! 13* 9* Aoa ch* 

1 19* is* aSSpihU-IJ 11.1 

32^6 771*4 ApPwdI OB T2I 


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19 
43 

14 34 
13 15 
23 13 
23 12 1074 
52 
53 

18 17 
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38 23 11 


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9* 8* 8*—% 

S5 r 

1017 3* 3* ,3% 

580 n* 71* 

121 23% n* 

»1 29* 38% 

40 11% IV* 

187 22* 2Hh 


* + * 



130a 57 12 223 24* 26% 24% 

M0 23 20 2743114% 114% ITS* + % 

9 65 5* 5*5%+* 

135 118 200t 10* 10V. 10* + * 

CIGNA 2M +7 67 14» OTh 55* H*— * 

ciGpf 2js 88 n ;n% » ^ + * 

77 50% 50% 50V. 

i 6 ii is IKS j. m. 

872 43% 42* 43* + * 
58 21% 21* 21*— * 

m 21 * 20 % 21 * + * 

22/5 26% 26% 24* 

95 34% 33* 33*-* 

40 8* 8% 8% 

177 27 26% 27 

799 13% 13* 13% L 
447 21% 20% 21% + % 
1 49 49 49 — * 

39 18* 17% 17% — * 

42 13* 13* - * 

'S ^ 

Mia ^ + * 

43 15* 15 15* + * 

25 21% 21* 21* 

20 146 214 212*214 +1* 

33 10 2743 24% 22 



194 

5 

241 

33 

315 


<i2T 


30 29% 29* + * 

30 63 63 62* 

£ 14* 14* 14* + U 
13* 12% 12%— * 
12% 12% 12% 

’!* ’l* "* + * 

ioJS!S5K* + * 

! 8 s 'r ws * ,J| * iJl w s* i» 

IT KiPrt wn 107 A5*i£ + S 

' 23% 14 ArkBJt AO 23 8 179 20% 20* 70* — % 

, ll Arkta^ 1« *9 21 32B 22% 21* 22% + * 

6, % ArtflRt W * * M 

• Su M0.U f |gg l%-8 

:r ss»s j 

2&!5%SIS2 k ’I q j 

, 7F» 16 ATtro -22 3260 15 26% 24 26 — * 

: n* 14% Arvtn* J0 X4 i 220 22* zi% 22 

27% 17% Aiarco . 

Jl* 20% AWKJtl 130 &3 

' 44% 31% AshlOpf *50 103 

« 31* AHIIOPf 3.96 lOJl 

45* AhdDG. 260 38 11 

7A 10 
&9 9 


27* 18* CS X 

BltEB- 

M% 8% 

?SS!?S» ^? .9 

a 15% CRLkg M 
8* 3* CmpR 0 .W 
73% 55% ComSP M0 
45* 28* CdPMOlAO 
15 14* CdPocwl 

22 14% ConPEB 30 

223 141 CopCltl 30 
27* 15 CasHd; 77 
107*180* CapHPt 10378 98 
14* 10 Corlnno 38 
48% 24% CorllsJ# 1JM 33 10 
26% lgh CaroFt 30 17 11 
29% 19% CorFw 230 93 7 
24* 19* CorPPf M7 107 
48 35* CarToc 2.10 S3 10 

11* 7* Carrot W 3 II 
44* 30* CaraPlr 23 9 

30% 10% CartHw 40 11 
35* 19* CartWI JB 13 13 
18% 9* UMcNO 120 67 * 
16* m cmnck 
29 15% CsflCpf 1IJ 

43* M* CatrpT JO 13 
27% 16 COCO 76 12 12 


17% 11 CoatpSC 

46% 14* Cptvsn 

34* 22* CanAsS 

24* 13* Conolr 

19 13% CannE 

29% 19* CxmNG 

15* 10* Conroe - 

35* 24* CoraEd 230 48 
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24% 11 CnPprS 402 163 
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23* 12 HIStMOr 
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26* 17* H Opart 
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24% 19* DE DfO 113 111 
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(Continued on Page 16) 




•-•i- 

. x: 






Statistics Index 


AMEX pricaa. 7»J8 Eomtaa. reports Pj* 
ambx HM/lmnKn Fano nd* non* p.n 
myse wen p.to Gau mortals p.k 
NYSE MonsAwi RU l mans rotas PIS 
Awodtanaocta Pa MooarfJwnmorr pjo 
■Xurroncv nrits P.U Option* Pjg 

CommodRiw P.ld .OTC stock p» 
DMtartta P.U Otiw mnrV»K p« 


3tcralh«ags* (tribune. 

BUSINESS/FINANCE 


FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


U.S. Stocks 
Report, M-l, Page 10 


Page 15 


TECHNOLOGY 


a *m.x 




Optics May Unsnarl Traffic 
On Chip-to-Chip Routes 


e d® N 


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By DAVID E. SANGER 

New York Tima Scnice 

N EW YORK — Anyone who has' raced to catch a flight 
at Logan Airport in Boston at rash hour can. sympa- 
thize with the plight of -an electron, trying to get from 
one computer chip to another. 

- The winding streets of downtown Boston all Teed into a 
multilane funnel at the entrance to the GgliaTinri Tunnel, the only 
direct route to Logan. By 4 PJyL, thofuojodimialtyis hopelessly 
clogged. 

Actually making it into one of the tunneTs two narrow lanes is 
often no help. There always seems to be an overiy wide track just 
-.jjabead, hogging two lanes, and traffic at the airport an the other 
side seems to slow down ev- : ; — - — ; — ; — 

Things are not much better Solving traffic 

problems feakey 

chips or hopping aboard the plp m ftn t hi mnlmipr 
congested “data buses" that " ° 

connect computer compor computers run faster. 

hents. Solving the traffic _ ■ s ; ; * 

problems is one -of. the key . 

dements to making computes mu faster. Now, imrfer the spon- 
sorship of the REagan administration’s Strategic Defense Initia- 
tive, popularly known as “star wars,” research is accelerating on 
so-called optical computers — computers that use light, instead 
^ of electrons, to speed communications. 

1 The next step, a technically far more difficuh one, would be the 
development of “folly optica! oonrouters,” m which data are not 
only transferred on beams of tight, but are also processed by 
separating the light through sp ecialized crystals. 

“The basic idea is to use photons rather than electrons, 
although we don’t th ink these systems will ever be totally inde- 
pendent of electronics,’' said Henry J. Canlfidd, who recently 
became director of the Center for Applied Optics at the Universi- 
ty of Alabama at Huntsville. The university is one of the lead 
partners in a consortium of industry and corporate laboratories 
•recently organized by the Strategic Defense Initiative office. 

Why has the Pentagon so quickly embraced a technology that 
commercial co mp u te r makers have largely ignored? 

“The advantage is not only speed," Mr. Caulfield said. “Opti- 
cal computers occupy less space and power, and could be sent 
-aloft fairly easfly.” Moreover, they are particularly wefl-smted for 
image recognition, the complicated science of detecting the 
_#a teaching of an enemy missile, predicting its path and directing 
the laser battle stations, designed to destroy it 

O PTICAL data communications is not new. For sometime, 
advanced computer and telephone systems have been 
linked by fiber optic cable. The immediate effort is fo- 
cused on extending that technology, so that drip-to-chip and 
circuit board-to-drcuh board communications also move at the 

speed of light 

“The problem with electrons is primarily related to interfer- 
ence,” said Joseph Goodman, a Stanford University professor 
also involved in the SDI project. “Two streams of electrons 
running nearby influence each other. And engineers spend a huge 
number of hours routing connections so t ha t some lines don’t 
cross.” 

Moreover, electrons running through especially thin circuitry, 
like the micron-wide paths on some semiconductors, actually can 
^damage tire circuit, much as a heavy truck batters the surface of a 
• Jk'ghway- v;, ,= /, ... . . ; .• ■-.* .. 

Photons, however, bear no mass and no charged They not only 
have no effect on. a neighboring stream of photons, they can 
literally ran through each other. And unlike electronic, signals, 
lightwaves — particularly Wjdaty focused lasers — do not require 
apre-defined circuit patiL'Tnc beauty of it,” Mr. Goodman said, 
“is that the routing restraints- disappear.” 

Research efforts now arc focused on the details of am verting 
electronic signals to optic ones, and then back to electronic 
signals, with rw significant loss of speed. In drip-to-chip commu- 
nications, for example, silicon photo diodes or photo transistors 
would be placed on a semiconductor. 


Currency Bales 


Cross Rate* May so 

* t DM. RF. ItL. Oldr. HR IF. Yen 

Amsterdam 1*643 «24 11278* 36MS* 0J7A4* 5M6* T33J3* WJ4V 

Bnn«il{a) iUS 79JB75 2BJ3 USO 3331- 17JSS — 2JJH 26605* 

Fnmtcfcrt SMB 3S 93 . -22*1 • LS64S* SUM* W 11I47* U225* 

UndenfM UH uw ttS553 2JK80 44221 78.HS 13068 BOAS 

jyilton 166100 250SJ0 B38J0 VMS. SUM JU41 757-55 7 JO 

New Varkte) OJW* 10123 9JM 1J78JH 14WS 6UD Z5H5 25U8 

Porta M6B T1665 M479 4773 X ■’ 27033 T5.T43* 1613 17248* 

SUES 33632 SIM 2 US 1U3» 72 M 4024* 9737 

rwrtCh 11931 " 31126 84283 « 2765- 0.021 - 7*793- 4.1864 ■ ' 1631 • 

t ECU 67308 05727 2MB 6M» MUD » 2510 4SJ8Z2 - U908 18X71 

T SDR 89*008 477823 101653 M13W 1 .KELTS . 34465 615287 25771 250393 

Closings bt London and Zurich. Itxtnoe In other European cxntri. New York rates at 4 RAL 
m) CommercM franc 4b) Amounts o tedati to bornnrpaand (cl Amoonttn»tctrd to buy one 
dollar l-j Units of MOW Uni K of 1000 (y) Units of TtUOONA: not eatM'NA.' not avoUaUe. 
(*) To tmr.om o o oad : SUSJJ05. .... 


z Otbc>r Bellar Vothees 
^ Currency per UiS Q u ren cr per U5J Owrency i 
ArwkPM 34200 nn.Mttkr UT Motor, rtas 

' AnstraLS 1-5113 Oreekdroc. 13650 Mex-pepo 

t AMtr. KML 2U5 HtaKtat 7J72S Horw-hron 

Be4e.fin.fr. 62M moan rupee 1232 PMLiwm 

:■ Brazil an SL32CL00 Mo-ropRA UUOO. PertcMni 

. r coeodDan 8 U81 . IrtabC . 09810 Saudi rH 

, Dantan krone 1UB35 tarartitak. im4» Slop.1 
Eeypt. poend 07519 KmaU dtear 0503 XMr.rgwl 


taiexiesf Rales 


muted state 
DlsoMBriRoie 
Federal Rmdt. 
Prime Rote 
■raker Low RnN 


CIdk Pmr, 
792 Ttt 
7kk 79k 
10 TO 
WWPfc WW* 


CM Paper 98-179 BnYt 7J0 245 

3-moolfe Tmnerr Ml 7.16 7JM 

Mnaatb Treanwv Mht 752 753 

"WtNMfdon 753 " 753 

CDtiOMOm 755 - 750 


BwHOeraiaBT 
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OweniMM Rale 
One Mean Mertntt 
3-montt iBtetank 
tmenlh iDtertUk 


650 &M 
600 400 

555 555 

US 555 
590 590 


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. Utoia 

■one Sne Rate 1296 12% 

con momt 12*1 1ZH 

Treatury 12 B. 

Laattunreoak ■ 12IWU 1296 


>* [HKnaMWe 

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68 der Intartaek 


.55 
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6H 69k 


1 Sou tea: Arvltra, CwnmenMA Credit 
'■ iromaiiUendiBank, Book of Totem 


- - - Mar 30 

:*M.^ ml. area 

KSSL ' Hi*" +*» 

- uiuMNwi Hue . _ +380 

P eris ( 115 Wtol 31536 '. 312 JJ " +2J4 

twidh • v r juas'jowjs *m 

VSM ■ 31460 + 260 

MYOfc: • ■ 3030' —230 

Luxe mbour g, pans cutf Londoo oFScW Tlx- 
ewe; Hoag/Koag enrf Zurich evening and 
•g g* ^ tvrair 

eemran in us. suer ooncei. 

Source: Rmrt n 


Others 

Consider 

TWA Bid 

Eastern, Union 

May Face Icahn 

Thr Associated Prea 

_ NEW. YORK — Easton Air- 
lines and a union representing pi- 
lots have emerged as potential act- 
ors for Trans World Aii K ics, which 
is fighting a hostile bid by Carl C 
lcahn. 

Harry Hoaglandcr, chamnan of 
the TwA council of the Air Line 
Pilots Association, said Thursday 
that his group had offered to dis- 
cuss an employee buyout of TWA 
with managPUTff nt but <ha* it had 
received no reply. 

Eastern said Wednesday that it 
was considering malting a friendly 
takeover.bid. 

David Venz, a spokesman for 
TWA, said tint the airline was 
“open to entertaining a lot of vari- 
ous proposals,” but he refused as a 
matter of polity to identity any 
parties in ne gotiations 

Mr. Icahn heads an investment 
gronp that owns 25 percent of 
TWA stock and bas.bia $600 mfl- 
Epn, or SIS a share, for the rest. 

TWA stock dosed at $18,625 a 
share. Thmsday on the New York 
Stock Exchange, down 25 cents 
from Wednesday. 

TWA’s directors voted Tuesday 
to lode for new ladders to get a 
better price. However, if no better 
offers emerge in the next 60 days, 
TWA said that it would submit Mr. 
I calm’s offer to a shareholder vote 
if certain conditions are met. 

Mr. -Hoaglander said “we’re 
ready, willing and probably able” 
to put together a leveraged buyout 
proposal for TWA. In a leveraged 
buyout, the purchaser borrows 
money to faMwe most of a take- 
over and then either sdls assets of 
the acquired company or taps its 
operating profit to pay baa: the 
loans. 

Mr. Hoaglander said that the 
3,200 TWA pilots offered last week 
to talk with management about an 
ernpIoyecKiwneiship plan. But he 
said that there bad been no reply in 
the eight days since the proposal 
was made. . 

“At scone point they’ve got to get 
back to. us before we kwe interest," 
be added! " 


U.S. Oil Companies Drastically Cut 
Number of Gasoline Service Stations 


By Lee A. Daniels 

New York Timet Serrke 

NEW YORK — Atlantic Richfield Co.’s re- 
cent decision to dispose of 2,000 gasdine stations 
is but one dramatic sign of the transformation 
under wty in U.S. gasoline retailing, a tread that 
is changing the way that most Americans buy 


U.S. Service Stafione 

Total number of domestic service 

stations, in thousands 1 75 


R. J. Reynolds 
Is Said to Offer 
To Buy Nabisco 


For the millions of motorists who traveled 
U.S. roads during last week’s Memorial Day 
holiday, only 130,000 outlets were available that 
sold gasoline sod automotive products primarily, 

. down firm 220,000 in 1970. 

While traditional service stations were closing 
by the thousands, the number of convenience 
stores offering gasoline with other, unrelated 
products, increased during that 15-year period to 
55,000 from about 15,000. 

Moreover, the preference among motorists for -| 
self-service pumps, which costs several cents per 1 
gallon (3.78 liters) less Qian fall-service pumps, 
now is well entrenched. Seif-service pumps ac- 
count for more than 70 percent of aQ gawling 
safes in tire United Stales. 

“Every company is ferreting out its marginal 
and uneconomic stations," said Sanford L Mar- 
goshes, an analyst with Shearson Lehman Broth- 
ers. 

Indeed, the overall number of gasoline outlets 
also is expected to continue to decline. Because - 
of slight profit margins, new self-service outlets 
w32 fall far short of replacing the traditional 
stations that will close, analysis said. 

Same consumer advocates and dealers warn 
that as the overall number of gasoline outlets 
shrinks, motorists in some parts of the United 
States could have difficulty buying gasoline and 
obtaining servicing for them cars. 

The problem already exists around Elmira, 
New York, according to Ralph Bombadier, pres- 
ident of the New York State Association of 
Service Stations. There were 114 stations in the 
area in 1976, be said. Now there are 54, onty 12 of 
which are full-service. 


'79 ’80 '81 ’82 '83 '84 j 

NYl; Sra luodbeg Surwy Inc 

The shrinking number of outlets also could 
result in higher price at the pumps, even those 
that are self-service, according to dealers and 
consumer spokesmen. 

Last month’s announcement by Atlantic Rich- 
field was itnnaial onty in the number of stations 
affected. Arco operates 2,011 outlets in 12 east- 
ern stales and the District of Columbia. 

- The Los Angeles-based company said that the 
changes were part of a broader company restruc- 
turing that will concentrate Arco s operations 
entirety on the West Coast 

In recent years, companies such as Exxon 
Carp., Mobil 03 Coip. and Sun Co. have aban- 
doned Cities, stales and entire regions in response 
10 both broad trends in the world crude-oil 
market and tire long-term decline in gasoline 
consumption. 

“In the 1960s and early 1970s, the goal was to 
be in all 50 stales,” said Jeny Scfaenke, director 
of marketing for the American Petroleum Insti- 
(Cootinaed on Page 17, CoL 1) 


Dollar Gains in U.S.; Pound Is Firm 


By Robert J. Cble 

Mew York Tima Service 

NEW YORK - RJL Reynolds 
Industries has offered to pay more 
than 55 billion in cosh for Nabisco 
Brands Inc, according to Wall 
Street sources. 

There was no certainty that the 
two would proceed. But Wall Street 
sources said Wednesday that even 
if the plan fell through, several po- 
tential bidders might be waiting in 
the wings. 

They said that Philip Morris 
Inc., the largest U.S. rigareue mak- 
er, already had retained Wall Street 
help and was watching the situa- 
tion closely. Unilever PLC, the 
British- Dutch food and soap con- 
glomerate, and Coca-Cola Co„ the 
beverage giant, were viewed as oth- 
er possible bidders. 

Reynolds, a food and cigarette 
company, would be paying close to 
$90 a share for Nabisco's 58 million 
shares outstanding, sources said. 
Three weeks ago, stock of Nabisco, 
a diversified food company, stood 
at S60 a share: on the New York 
Stock Exchange. By Thursday, Na- 
bisco shares had jumped to 579.75, 
up 58.375 from Wednesday. 

After the NYSE halted trading, 
Jefferies & Co, which deals in Big 
Board stocks off the exchange, said 
that it had handled about 165,000 
Nabisco shares at 575 to 577 a 
share, and that the stock closed at 
576. 

If concluded, the merger bring 
proposed by Reynolds would be- 
come the biggest in history outside 


soa, vice chairman and chief execu- 
tive of Nabisco, to propose that 
they talk. 

Wall Street analysts argued that 
a combination of the two would 
create one of the nation's stronger 
consumer-products companies, 
particularly in view of mounting 
pressure on cigarette companies, 
because of product-liability law- 
suits against the tobacco industry. 


i* 

said that Philip Morris t* _ J ¥>• 
largest U.S. rigarcue mak- JP OrCI JLPlClS 
ty had retained Wall Street 
1 was watching the situa- TT 1 

S&sras For Hughes 

le, and Coca-Cola Co„ the * • a o 

:fe™ vinred “ 01h - Aircraft (Jo. 


United Press International 

NEW YORK —The dollar end- 
ed the day higher here Thursday 
despite a report that the U.S. Index 
of l,eadjng Economic indicators 
had declined 02 percent in ApriL 

The pound remained firm. 

“The Leading Indicators were 
down but not down as much as 
some had expected,” a bank deafer 
said. He noted that the March fig- 
ure was revised up to a slight gam 
from a decline. 

Dealers said the dollar, which 
slipped in Europe Thursday, 
moved up gradually in New York. 
“There were no big orders to move 


.the market and it remained in a 
narrow range,” a dealer said. 

In New York, the pound ended 
at 5L2765, little changed from 
$12725 Wednesday. 

The dollar finished at 3.0825 
Deutsche marks, up from 3.0695 
Tuesday; at 9J94 French francs, 
up from 9345. and at 23965 Swiss 
francs, up from 238. 

One dealer said published re- 
marks by Federal Reserve Board 
officials had a mixed impact 
Martha Seger. governor of the 
Federal Reserve, sud in a speech in 
Washington that prospects still ap- 
pear. to favor moderate economic 


growth in' the short term and that 
inflation should remain under con- 
trol. She indicated that the Fed was 
looking more dosety at the value of 
the dollar and said she “suspects" 
the dollar was being given more 
weight in policy decisions. 

Scott Pardee, executive vice pres- 
ident at Discount Corp. of New 
York and former head of foreign 
exchange at the New York Fed, 
said he believed “the next big move 
for the dollar will be lower." 

Preston Martin, Fed vice chair- 
man, in prepared remarks, said, 
“Disinflation appears here to stay 
for the forseeable future.” 


gest non-oil merger so far. That 
merger was announced less than 
two weeks ago, when Allied Corp. 
agreed to buy Signal Cos. for nearly 
55 billion. 

After prodding by the stock ex- 
change, Nabisco announced only 
that it “has had exploratory talks 
with R.J. Reynolds and has 
readied no conclusion. ” It declined 
all further comment 

Based on sources dose to the 
situation, discussions between the 
two companies turned serious “a 
few weeks ago” when J. Tylee Wil- 
son, chairman and chief executive 
of Reynolds, phoned F. Ross John- 


Tke Associated Press 

DETROIT — Ford Motor Co. 
disdosed Thursday that it had 
made a “mullibillion-dolbr” offer 
for Hughes Aircraft Co. 

The No. 2 U.S automaker said 
that it was disclosing its bid for 
Hughes as pan of updating its pro- 
spectuses for Ford and Ford Motor 
Credit Co., the company's financial 
arm. 

Hughes, owned by the nonprofit 
Howard Hughes Medical Institute 
of Miami, is a leading defense elec- 
tronics contractor and one of the 
world’s leading satellite- makers. It 
has annual sales of more »han 55 
billion. 

General Motors Corp., Ford, 
Boeing Co. and other large compa- 
nies are considered prime candi- 
dates to buy Hughes. 

The Foid statement did not 
specify how much the company bid 
for Hughes. 

“If the company should be the 
successful bidder, it would be re- 
quired to make a very large cash 
outlay from its cash reserves,” Ford 
said. “It is anticipated that the 
company would make offerings of 
securities prior to or after the dos- 
ing of the transaction.” 

The company said “normal fi- 
nancial transactions” had been sus- 

date and added that°tEe C updme 
would allow those dealings to re- 
sume. 


Capital-Intensive Firms 
Seen Hurt by Tax Plan 


per ILU CWYHor par IUL9 

SL 2471 S. Iter, won H724S 

257.00 ■ Spaa, panto 77193 
m ' 8636 SwwL krona 88873 

1843 Taira 8 39JS 

to 17201 TUMI MASS 

1 181 TMdA lira B7J0 

23205 UAI (Urban 18725 
i 22263 VtMX.b00v. 1283 


EStarlina: 12S3S IrUh E 

\ sources: Bow du Bemktx iBrvsstis): Banal CommercBOe UoOano (MBan); Bonmt f*o- 
• novate da Pork (Paris); IMF /SOU): BAI l (amor, riyrAdimomi. oneraaKi from Revttrs and 

\ AP. ‘ ' 


By Nathaniel C Nash 

JVew York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON —Under Pres- 
ident Ronald Reagan’s tax propos- 
al, business would pay more than 
5220 billion in extra taxes during 
the next five years as a result or 
curtailed depreciation allowances, 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

a repeal of the investment credit 
and a “recapture” proposal. 

Despite a cut in the maximum 
corporate income-tax rate to 33 
percent from 46 percent, the tough- 
er tax treatment of plant and equip- 
ment investment would hit many 
capital-intensive industries hard, 
tax analysts said Wednesday. 

“The tax increase from this plan 
would rank in the higher end of the 
scale of corporate- tax increases on 
record,” said David A Berenson, 
partner in charge of national tax 
services at Ernst & Whinney’s 
W ashingto n office. The adminis- 
tration's figures print to a 25-per- 
cent rise in corporate taxes. 


. Business executives were sur- 
prised by die so-called recapture 
proposal in the president’s pack- 
age. It would impose an extra 13- 
percent tax on income deferred as a 
result of the acceleration of depre- 
dation enacted in 1981, when the 
corporate tax was 46 percent With 
Mr. Reagan proposing to lower it 
to 33 percent the 13-percent recap- 
ture levy would avoid giving an 
unintended profit or windfall, on 
the deferral from acceleration. 

“I was shocked, very surprised,” 
said Robert M. Brown, Washing- 
ton tax partner for Peat Marwick. 
“I know why they did it they need- 
ed the revenue: But I think it’s 
unreasonable.” 

Mr. Reagan’s tax plan essentially 
retains the form of the 1981 Accel- 
erated Cost Recovery System but 
provides for longer write-off peri- 
ods for some types of equipment 
The effect is to raise effective tax 
rates on income from capital 


Baroewrreaey Bcpod W . " . Mar30 

Dollar D Ma rk- Franc StaHtaa Franc ECU 5DR 

1 month 796-79* 5*4* SVW* T2%-12* lmt-lO* VA-TH 71V 

5 months TMVk 5W-5* -JSVrfS WVfc-Wfc H4-9H VA 

3 motrfh* 796-7* STb-StV 5*b-5h 1298-1296 1M-KM' 9Ur99t 71V 

6 months M* 5MV. 5«r3tk 12K-T2* 109v-WK 998-9* 7* 

I war 8Kr89V 59w-5¥» .5Kr49h- 121V-T2K. Wfelftii, 9»4* 8* 

Sources: Morton Guaranty (dattnr, oh SF, PWM& FF): Udrds Bcftk tECU); ■ Reuters 
tSO/l). Kata aptOteabto to bdartaak ttsodsHs of St mtition tmnbnum (or oautvafent). 

Bey lttatty Bates May 30 Ailu Mlar toefriits 

mutad State Close Piw. ' * - Nor 30 

Dlsmai! Rate 7* Ttt JlS. - - - 7^7^ ■ 

Friorainatft 798 7* 3 rooms 796 - 7 * • - 

Prime Rale IB 18 

Broker LOO* fta* BM96 WWW ’■ till"” 

CM Popct T0-I79 Bun 73 7AS _ ■ ■ 

Xsoolk TruivrrBJBs XU Ml Source: Rtalevs. t- - 

Mnaatb Treanwv Mkt 792 7J3 

'>n»Sf<ton ■ 7.23" 123' • " m- V" „ ' . 

c0*6Uf0m 7.25 . 7 jo . . U.S. Mmey Market F—Jin 

wateonnoer V ' 

UHttortRoft IN U ' 

OnmMMRato 680 AM • 980 

ora Maata M ara t 585 383 Morale Mmf Kate index: 7 808 

inferteA US US . . • • •. - 

rT T'TTTi . . »«*■■ **rrmLm*i.AP. . 


CuiT&ltr Account 
Surplus Grows in 
West Germany 

Reuters 

WIESBADEN, West Germa- 
ny —West Germany’s current- 
. account surplus widened to a 
provisional 3.7 billion Deutsche 
marks ($1 2 billion) in April 
from a downward-revised 26 
billion in March, the Federal 
Statistics Office said Thursday. 
The current account is a broad 
trade measure that includes 
trade m merchandise and non- 
menrduradise items. 

The trade surplus shrank to a 
provisional 5J bflfioa- DM, 
from an unrevised 6.4-bOHon 
DM surplus in March. 

In April 1984, the current ac- 
count had a surplus of 200 mil- 
lion DM marks and the trade 
account a surplus of 2J billion. 

The office had originally put 
the March current account sur- 
plus slightly higher, at 27 bil- 
lion marks. April’s figures are 
not seasonally adjusted, but the 
office said the current account 
also shoxved a considerable sur- 
plus when adjusted. 

In the first four months the 
current account surplus rose to 
93 billion DM from 3.7 billion 
in the comparable period in- 
1984, while the trade surplus 
increased id 19.1 hOGon from. 
13.9 bfilion. ' 


Under the 1981 act, the cost of 
cars, fight trades and laboratory 
equipment, for example, could be 
written off in three years, while 
other industrial equipment general- 
ly had a five-year fire. 

Under the proposed Capital 
Cost Recovery Systems,, write-offs 
would be lengthened by care or two 
years. The proposal would also dif- 
ferentiate more sharply between in- 
dustrial equipment with a shorter 
usable Ufe and equipment with 
longer useful fives. 

Stressing that the effects of infla- 
tion on the replacement cost of an 
investment should be considered, 
the plan also increases the depre- 
ciable value in line with negative 
effects of the kmger write-off peri- 
ods. 

The administration said that its 
aim was to create “a more neutral 
cost recovery system,” in winch all 
business investments receive equal 
tax treatment. It argued that, under 
the accelerated system, certain 
types of equipment received more 
favorable tax treatment and lhal 
that skewed corporate investment 
patterns artificially. 

Under the proposal the new de- 
preriafion classifications would in- 
dude the following: Light trucks, 
cars and experimental equipment 1 
would be depreciable over four 
years at 55 percent annually; com- 
puting equipment, trades, buses 
and trailers Would have a five-year 
fife, with a44-percent depredation 
rate; heavy construction machin- 
ery, aircraft and tractors would be 
written off over six years at 33 
percent; railroad structures, boats 
and power generation equipment 
would be given a .10-year life at 17 
percent, and almost all property — 
including low-income real estate—- 

would be depreciable over 28 years - 
at 4 percent. 



For the man with exceptional goals, 
a new dimension in banking services. 


TfThar makes Trade Develop- 
Wment Bank exceptional ? To 
start with, there is our policy of 
concentrating on things we do 
unusually well. For example, 
trade ana. export financing, 
foreign exchange and banknotes, 
money market transactions and 
precious metals. 

Equally important, we are 
now even better placed to serve 
your needs, wherever you do 
business. Reason: We have 
recently joined American Express 
International Banking Corpora- 


tion, with its 89 offices in 39 
countries, to bring you a whole 
new dimension in banking ser- 
vices. 

While we move fast in serv- 
ing our clients, we’re distinctly 
traditionalist in our basic poli- 
cies. At the heart of our business 
is the maintenance of a strong 
and diversified deposit base. Our 
portfolio of assets is also well- 
diversified, and it is a point of 
principle with us to keep a con- 
servative ratio of capital to 
deposits and a high degree of 


liquidity -sensible strategies in 
these uncertain times. 

If TDB sounds like the sort 
of bank you would entrust 
with your business, get in touch 
with us soon. 

TDB banks in Geiit ru, Loudon, Paris, 
Lnxeniboiu't’, Cbiasso. Monfc Carlo. 
Nassau, .Zurich. 

TDB is a member of the American 
Express Company, which has assets of 
US$ 62.8 billion and shareholders' 
equity of US$ 44 billion. 



Trade Development Bank 


Shown ur k-ft. the head office 
of Trade Development Bank. Geneva. 


An American Express Company 










iiiunn iiKiawafful 


Thursdays 


Closing 

Tables include the mrtionwWe prices 
up la the dninci on wail Street 
and da not reflect late trades elsewhere. 



P S-LTU 








tel 






▼c* 

’"'i j 

,-ri' ■ 






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1 "'W ■' l : lv 





U.S. Futures May 30 


Man Season _ u . k , „ cxna Che. 

Hign low Oeon Mien Low 


(Continued from Page 14) 
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Stack Indexes 


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50 15 OhPptG 2-27 116 21 lgh 19% 19% + * 

hum OhP DfFHJJO 110 50*07% 107% 1B7W— 1 


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12* 8% SLM 


M in 42 13 11S 48 47% 47* — % 

indi M 11 10 2 IW IJhf}^ 

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rUi mu ONEOK 156 75 N 54 33 32% 33 + w 

mi oKr IS 7i 9 a 36% 26% 26% + M 

13*b 7* Onmae JM 4.9 14 ™ 11 WJJ " 

20% 19% OrlonC 71 U 3S Hm 10%- % 
12% 0% OrlonP 37 IM 10% WH io%— % 

&£‘8iSSdl& 

^ iRjsr T r ^ s « 3| 

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33* 36% ONEOK 356 7A 
26% 19% OnmRk 10* TA 
13% 7* Onmae Si I 49 
20% 19% OMonC M 25 
12* 0% OrlonP 
9* 6% Orton vf JO 43 
31* 24 Ortanpl 175 M 
31% 1B% OulbdM M 17 
33% 17% OvmTr J2 14 
19 13 OvSWp -50 33 


6 % 6 % 6 *— % 
13* 13% 13* _ __ 


410 30% 30 30% + * 

S3 15 14* 15 

157 34* 34% 34% f% 
1680 48% 47% 48 + % 

53 13* 12% 13% + % 


34% Sava 
16% StJol 


StJaLP 1-72 7.9 
5 Paul 12) 10-7 


11% 9 SPaul 1J0 147 

10% 3% viSalanr 
34% 33% SallheM .16 S 
54 50% SallM Pt 1990 75 

17% 17% SDIoGa 124 04 


5 7 12 31% 21% 21% + % 

17 39 11% 11% 11% 

20 5% 5% 5% 

j| 15 357 30* 30% 30% 


SS^gS S£l2 


s"g*»g -S g3 iiis + % ! 

)]" Koi \% ’13 | 17M 19% 13% lSt+% 

45% 30% PoeLfo IB 75 12 1260 Sj 5SS + * 

39 31% PcLum 1 20 47 U 29 24* 25* 25% 

IS* iSJ; ^STmifiy ■ 5 £ $ |R + * 
JSS 12 5.15 » 1 ig 7^* g%g% :s 

3*% 21* PBCjj CP 2J2 40 

33* 27% POSH m 407 1X6 *6 B% 31* M% + % 

431* 25 PnlnWb 40 14 S3 262 37% 37 37 — % 

34% 26% Pamwm2J3 73 14 70% “XJ + JJ 

3* 27 PalmBc 130 34 15 77* M% 3S% 3gJ— % 

6* 4 PonAm 52H 4% 4% 

tv* ]ii PunA wf i56 Jew _ 

21 13Vi POflflCkn JO 20 JJ JJJJ JJ 


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b .ssffl JSSkS-^ 

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30% 20% SFeSoP 1J0 16 j3 2*% 

34% M% ST IJUU “f ^S W - h 
10 % 14% squire n i.i 46 n i» >• „ 

r'Bgpafl 

13% f& ISmSp* in 125 i 12 T2 « 

sa ^ tss^t ^ ss iS ssiss^L-ti 

50* 34% Scnlmb 150 3.1 9 6496 »% 37% >gj— * 
TV* SdATf -12 1-1 1® *22 ll jm Tjj i ljg® 

32% 21% Scoalnd Jh 23 13 *54 »% ** 





|i^|ji»| 


EBaRSS 




J7JOO ms.- DlmSPBr IKL Irtfl JL 

!SS i^So SET 14*80 14S* 14180 125* +J* 

IwS SM MsS 1«» 14490 145J9 +33 

I447n |ws Dec 14500 14520 1*4.90 14542 +.16 

!^S SS 'fin !£2 1«« ^ as 

14X00 13550 Jld Mfg 23 

VOM 13275 SOB , M1 -* 3 +•" 

Est. Sates L515 prew. Sales MS 
mv. Dav Open inL T2434 i»43 
SUGAR WORLD II (NYCSCE) 

UTxOOIb.-cwmper.b. ^ 


9.95 1*2 Jul MO 

975 XO* Sen 3.14 3.18 

5;S oa xg IB 

us m Jan 174 274 

9X3 398 Mar 420 430 

7.15 4SJ May 437 4X7 

469 445 Jul 450 458 

420 476 S«^ 

494 470 _OCl 405 416 

Ext. Sal 95 A325 Prvv.SalB* 6,401 
Prev. Day Open lilt. 92195 o»UM2 

COCOA tNTCSCEl 

W* 

^ ilS SE ^ 3S 

i™ 1955 Mar g©8 

2138 W MOV 2041 2041 

2110 1*60 Jul 

Est. Sales Prev. Sales 2X» 

Prev. Day Open Ini. 21,098 up 89 


3.18 213 

3X3 3X6 

374 167 

430 413 

437 4X1 

4-58 452 


XI 3 +JH 
137 —.01 

x?o — n 
416 — JB 
435 

455 -n 
460 —m 
405 


306$ 3073 2025 2041 

2045 20S7 2010 2031 

2025 30J1 1795 2010 

2030 2045 2014 2025 

2041 2041 2041 2035 

2040 


US T. B1LLS (1“M) 

"aa-WTS m ss us ss ts 

B5M SOP 9255 9X47 9X5S +W 

i i|SII|| 

Esf^otes- • Prev. Sales 9X69 
Prev. Day Oaen int. 34331 o«i42 
10 YR. TREASURYCCTT1 

• , sr ,rt s? , ' , 5S‘ sTg-H -M «> ™ 

85-2 75-18 Sep S*3» Si 1 S3 +14 

»» ra- 1,5 SS S? ^3 “ m +U 

S 1 4 55 T BfBB S? «« +13 

Be Sales Prev. Sales 17X00 

prav. Day Open inf. siX18oH2M 
US TH EASURY EOMM <C»TI 

76-2 76^ +W 

B II S£ W S3 5B gs : ? 

ii si* ssr ss ^ J 5 

K H ss sss b? a H a 

71-1 SM7 MOT »-» 7V1* 70-» 7V16 +16 

?LF Si J SS S3? S.10 S3? 7£VB +16 

eft ^3-2i OdC *** T 

S^5o-n.nGKi5fS«S 

-Era 
£• E se — M w H !» 

70-27 58-25 Jun Ztg +{f 

68X1 65 S9P 

EstSoies Prev. ta lea MS 

Prev. Day Open Int M31 upAO 
CERT. DEPOSIT IlMMl 

9263 9266 WXI +£ j %£££ : tiasm 100 I SOP. » J 

^ So to |1A 91-M "•» +g DowJMins : base 100 : Dec. 3 

RS !SS S£ Rn SI ^ H 

E 3S W4 8074 9074 22 tS 

S*9 88X4 m 90.18 +JM 

est. Sales Prev. Satin 307 

Prev. Day Open Inf. 5X72 ON 130 
EURODOLLARSIIMM) 

Si mltifon-pisol woprt Ajjj . Of cnteaoa iwercamu 

Ri’ ES g EL ® M ® ^ S?®" SC?SSSffilS 

S HEBBHHtiiHn ssf?ig%5sag 


Commodity Indexes 






Market Guide 


Chicago Bo ard qL Tf gde. 

CMcaaa MerennWle. Ene jMiwe. 
i nl er n allonal Momlttrv jj Wfcai 

Of Chicago MercanHIe &££»• . 

New Yarn Cocoa. Svaar. Cofloe EKdmnae 
New Ybrt Caftan exchange 
CammodDr ecchmwa. New York 
New York Ma iua i HM . Exchange 
Kamos aty Board of Troda 
New York Faluras Exdwnge 


London Commodities 
May 30 


Asian Commodities 
May 30 


London Metals 
May 30 


Cash Prices May 30 


*»!* 48% SeolFei » 

39% 25* SfSOttP 1X4 IX 9 
16% 11% Scows 52 36 11 
43% 20% Scnvll! 'J 

45 21 » 3«°pil 1-J * 

12% 9* SeoCtpf 16o 12X 

i6% 12% s«»SS5 J'® 

16% 12% SeaCpiCliO . 


O 59 58* 59 

771 38% 37% 37*—% 
47 14% M 14% + % 
2 41% 41% 41% 

57 37 36% B +% 

17 12% 12 12 — % 

10 16 16 16 
41 15% IS* 15% + % 


VFCorp 119 3 j0 10 1273 *% 37% 37% + % 


81 16% 16% 16% — % 


ii-S i?” 2J0 63 11 «6 39 3gJ W* - % 

ih i PnnlPr 21 2*23 6% 5% on + *■ 

19* 12% Poprcfi 50 43 15 910 18% 11% 10% 


18' ■ >0'- Pordvn 
21 <• >2% Par*E * 
till S% ParhOrl .16 2.7 


1M H% <1% »1%— i* 
135 13* 13* 13% — % 
646 6 5* S%— % 


39\; »•- POTNH 1.12 3.7 10 673 31 M% 70% — % 
19% IJ% Par* Pn 52 2J 57 106 18% Iw 1"% % 


2% 111 PolPW ■ 

17% 11% POINP 60 44 12 

»% 13'y PavCih .16 J n ... - - „ 

o* 6* Peabdr JO 26 » 155 8% 0% 8% - % 
1 *■ Penoo 32 n 1,1 

mu iiu PdoCcn 17 617 57*% S7Vi 571% 

ss % ’»% ftK 

S', x"‘ Rasa ]y S£ 3 % + % 

sas-sasKS 

4* 56% PoPLor am 12J 420* TO 69 69 

a% 23% PoPLdMU5 11.7 s 27J 27% - % 

J3% S3* PoPL dPrt.75 114 41 M% 30% 30* 

m &4 1 7 PQPLpr LOO I3J lOOz 65 AS AS 1 

40'd 3H7 Pcnwti 130 U 12 39 gHi 37U 37^ +JJ 

50' j a . Prnwol 1X0 44 15 2 5SX 2l_ i 5 * 

25% 20 Penw Df I U 76 *0 73. T 1! 

M’t 30* Permit* 2X0 43 !3 474 50* 49% 50% ■* % 

1ft 9l) Pea-El 1X0 64 7 132 17% 17% 17% — * 

44 2J 1 . Pen Boy .-0 10 18 49 42 41% 41* — % 


4 IDS 2% 7* 2* 

60 44 12 760 13% 13% 13% + % 
.16 J 19 777 21% 20% 20% + % 


IJ2 17% 17% 17% — % 
49 42 41% 41% — % 


47 39% PenlCO 1.78 XI 24 4438 57% 54* S7 

30% 17% PerfcEl 66 2J 13 1»0 2y~ 24^ 24%— % 

1C% 7* Prmlon lXle!54 309 7ft 7* J*— % 

•nt 12* PotyDr X9 1.4 IS 152 20 19* ljb + % 

Si 4 Perrlr 140 15 Id 296 40% 39* 40% + * 

«% pSSJ xSelOJ a 27% 26% 3MJ- % 

17 14 PetRsnf 157 9.9 57 16% 15% '*% * 

7% 4 Pttlnv 1.00O34X 38 4% 4 4% 

50ft 29% Pllctrr 148 “ 15 W 49% «% 48% + * 

"7i. iN’% pheloD 403 IV* 31 iw H»l — j" 

51 34 Pnclpnr SJIO 9.® 114 SB** 5OTA 5Wl + JJ 

0t S* pK5£s J4 IX 26 1916 41* W 41 - % 

16% 9 PhllaEI 2X0 15X 5 74» N% 13% 14 - * 

29% 22 PWlEpf 3J0 IJX J! 1 '*!' 

M"3 50* PflllE m 875 1X9 2401 64 63 63 ♦ ft 

11* 9* PltllE Of 141 133 68 10* \V* !« 

10% 6 v i PhllE Of 1X3 115 243 JO .«{■ JJ + w 

52 * 43 PnllE nf 7X5 1H ^ A 

10 6% PhilE of 1X8 1X3 IS_ ^ 

79 55 PIWIE Pf 9J2 134 SOCl 71 71 71 

n 51 PHI1E p» 9X0 140 540: 68* 68 M 

59% 44 PttllE Of 780 117 8002 57% 57 57 - * 

57* 43% PflllE Pf 7.75 111 422* SL SL. 2 

23* 15* PWlSvb 1X2 X* 13 2* D% 

95% 62% PhllMr 401 *-7 11 3477 Mft W%— ^ * 

25 10% Phlloln B U It 31} g** g 1 ** — “ 

40* 26 PWUnBflOO 18 1 g g g. 

kj_. -uu pmiPef 3 00 71 8 4771 38% 39 38% 

3.^ S* pwtVM 3 11 0 63 22% 22% 22% + % 

%£ Kft PIMWS XS .9 9 565 32% 33% 32% + % 


4M M ISgm, 10 1.9 10 653 41* 41% 41* + % 

21% 12% Seooul {■ Ji? k* JT* » 

Si iSE ISKm iS x5 i S SS »% + % 

% Sm I 11 u J «% M 

m% wl. SMra ljfl 4i 1032539 3W 3/JI ww Tin 
IU% 97^ sSarspf 9jae 94 iw * 

31% 19 SecPoe » 1X4 44 7 142S 29 28% 

^ Jl% R5>. 40 IX 17 £ IS 34% 1S5 + % 

■ FES: Sfi^s 

60 52% ShellO 2J» X4 11 »4 »% 5^6 59% 

3ft* 28 VJ ShellT 1.97V S3 383 3S% 35% 35% 

30* 17* ShXGhl » 3-0 4 W 24* M* + % 

J9% 24 Shrwhl -92 2J 14 140 3W. 3«J 39%— % 

8* 4% Snoetwn 6 141 4% ™ 

17% 12 ShewM 60 44 14 2 IPS 13% IPS 

18* 12* SlerPac 160 91 8 172 18% 17* mj— % 

41* 24% Signal 1JM 24 16 4478 40%*%*% + % 

42 48* Slonl fl 411 U SS S* 2% 1 S 

38* 24 Singer 40 1.1 9 530 37% 36* 3»S + Til 

32* 26* Slngr of X50 11X 5 31* 31* 31* 

18 13* Skyline 48 16 20 90 13% 13% IPS + * 

19% 9* Smith in J2 13 140 9% 9* «4 

70% 50% SmkB 2J0 4X 11 1978 67* 6gS 6g6- % 

47% 36* Smuchr 1.0B 16 18 110 67% &P* 66% + JS 

41% 29* SnaoOn 1.16 XI 13 346 37ft 37% ^ 

43VS 27 Sonai IBS <8 8 340 38* 37% a* + % , 

mS lift ISEfc. 46- IX 13 2080 IMS 16% 16% 

30* 27* SoeUn 1X0 4X 14 » »* M 2B —1% 

-0% 27* Source 3X0 BX M 79* 39 3* + * 

23 IB SrcCPPf 240 103 f S£ 3£ St + * 

23% 20 SCrEof 2J0 106 1 23% OTS »S 

29% 22 SoJWln 248 86 11 28 38% RRS 28* + * 

49% <1 Soudwn 1-M 2J 11 + S 

30% 22 SoeiBk 1X0 4X 9 399 30% 29ft 79%— * 

11 5% SoetPS 1651244 21 28 6% 6* — % 

27% 18 SCalE 1 2-04 77 J1M»*»*2gJ 

71% 14% South Co l.W 9X 7 2476 20% M% 3MS + IS 

26* 17 SelnCii 1-80 7X 8 19 25% St + V * 

41% 79 SNETI X72 6« 10 1160 39% 39* 39% 

38* 31% SOME Pi X82 100 3 38% M H M, ‘ - W 

25 21ft SaRypf 260 104 9 to » » 

31 23 SaUnCa 1.72 59 14S 29ty aft »* — % 

14% 23 Sou find 160 29 11 320 34 33% 34 

16% 11* SoROV .12 A 20 587 14% 14% M%— % 

8% 6* Soumrk X0 11 5 2*4 6% 6% 

53 47 SomK Pf 768el44 1 49* 49W W> 

26 14* SwAlrl .13 S 16 3166 24% 24 24V* — % 


431S 27 Sonai IOS *8 8 

19% 12% SonvCP .160 1J8 13 
30* 27* SoaUn 1X0 4X 14 

-0% 27* SaurcC 3X0 BX 

33 18 SrcCPPf 240 105 

23% 20 SCrEof 250 106 


12% 5% Volcra ... ,,, 
23% 14 Voler pf 364 15.1 

4% 2V. Vatovln 
28* 19 VanDrs .93 XI 

4% 2* Varca 
13% 5% VarcoPf 
46% 77ft varian B JO 

13* 9% Vara 40 4.1 13 

25ft 19 veeco 40 M 

8% 3% Venda 

11 8* vesJSe lXftjII ) 

46 25% Viacom 62 J 

tn 54 VaEPpf 7X2 I1X 

79 tw* VBEPot 8M 11B 
86 68% VaEPpt 9.75 11X 

68 53% VaEnU 7.72 JIX 

64* 49% VaEPpf 7X0 114 
68* SI* VaEPpf 745 lt4 

23 iinvbnayi 

41* 28 Vomod 


60% VuIcnM 2X0 18 11 


1564 12* >2* 12% 

64 15.1 29 33 22* 32* + % 

12 Wi 2% 3% ^ „ 

.92 A1 4 49 22% 21ft 22% + * 

K 9% 9% 9% 

3 Ass^sswa-u 

4, 20^ 202 20% 20^ TO*-* 

iXOallX 33 11 10ft 10% 

A2 S 31 1457 44* 44% 46* «% Vo 

X2 I IX 5400zd9 47% 69 +% j-or, 

1X4 115 10DZ 77 77 77 +2 HJJl 

175 li* 2201 M 84 85 +1% *~1 

F 73 11X 32001 69 66* 69 +2* «%* 

FXO 114 lOSOi 63 63 63 £y 

145 116 560Z64* 64* « * - % ^ 

15 24 22 22 22 + n ucc 

II s «% 41 41% + VS JMT 


Previous 
BM Ask 




HONC-KOKG GOLD FUTURES mmimuu *** 

UAlMTima ALUMINUM 

aoso • PrevUttK swung per 

mov . "n*?. ur.A4 i ja;^ I ss-* sss sas sjs ks 

Jun — N.T. M-T. 315X0 3T7JM 310X0 312JM COPPER CATHODES CMWl GrOde) 

ias \M ISfl t&fi ISffl I SS’3 31 S^ 3 ”i 1 jSS W& 


7.158X0 1.159X0 1,178X0 1.179X0 
1,165X0 1.166X0 1.178X0 1.179X0 


121^1 ict jn RMW v^-rr Od N.T. N.T. 3ZLD0 J/4JJU jiiuw wmw cmNnrvi 1.165JOO l r 14AJw u/iUN 1.1 

!SS Inxo mxo inxo i3ilo 13260 r "x 3SB SB SB §S ^!T»^S ISIW * rtl 

Inh rtflflQa] 336X0 330M 332X0 I nffln, JfOTJ » jj 


73% 73ft + % 


20% II* SwIFor 


S 16 3166 24% 24 »%— * 

27 166 17% 12% 12ft— * 


Company Earnings 

Revenue and proflls. In mHItonft ,mn JnM 
currencies unless otherwise indicated 


17 10ft SwfGas 1X4 7 2 • » 14ft 1M6 Uft + £ 

rn 51 fiwBall 75 8 1167 79* 79% 79% + ft 

29 I** SwEnr 52 XI 10 *83 24ft 24% W* 

24* 17 SwIPS 1X8 U 9 339 23ft 23% 23ft + % 

17ft 11% Spaiion 52 4.1314 6T 13* 1»J J»— “■ 

27ft 16 5 Peel P 111 16* ]» 14*- ft 

56* 33* Sperry 1.92 34 10 3589 S3* S2% 52 *— 1* 

38 3017 Sarbm 152 45 10 5 33* 33ft W% 

43ft 31% SOuarO 14(4 4X 10 582 X* 38 38* 

64% 371b Soulbb 176 19 16 1267 62* 61ft 61%—lft 
34ft 17* Staley JO 16 18 514 21 70* 21 + % 

22ft 16% SIBPnl 54 27 11 241 21% SRS 31 — % 

20ft 11 SIMatr X U II M 13% 13* 13* — * 

50% 39% SlCOOfl 2X0 6X 8 1491 44% 45% 46ft + % 

20% 6% SlPocCs n 107 19* 19ft 19* + * 

16* 11% Standee X 17 • 80 14* 14 14 

30ft 19% 5fonWk .96 37 11 299 30% 29ft gft — ft 

35% 23ft 3 turret! 1X0 30 10 30 33 32ft 33 

It 8* SloMSe 1X00114 50 10% 10ft '£•— % 

3ft 2ft Steeaa .12 16 2S 3%6 3 3vp + %* 

20* 14* smew 74 19 10 24 19ft 19ft 19ft— ft 

lift 9ft StrlBCP .76 7.1 9 11 10% 10* 10* . 


64ft 371b Sauttlb 
24ft 17* Staler 
22% 14% SIBPnl 
2ffft 11 SIMatr 


3ft 2ft Steeaa 
20* 14* smew 
lift 9ft StNBcp 
StrBCrt 


50 10% 10ft 10ft— % 
25 3% 3 3% + % 

24 19ft 19ft 19ft— ft 
II 10% 10* 10* 

110 + .. 


Britain 

Boots 

Year "g* 

Revenue-— IXJL 
Prelar Net. . I«W 
Per Snare . 0 IS5 

Canada 


Gaz Metropolitdn 

!L^r_ m To 


in attar ins 

Rrvrfiur 

Profil 7*12 

Pei Share — 0.70 


Year mi 1984 

Revenue 5885 5825 

Net Inc. 15-51 1454 

Per snore — 466 LOS 

JSo SCOA Industrie 

165 1 iu Qvar. 1985 1984 

ai« Revenue — M3X JM.7 

Netine. la)"48 l.« 

Per Share — — 006 

a. - lost. 

Stevens (J.P.) 
IS! 2 nd Q«or. l«i 1 W 
jJij Revenue — 4737 550.1 

064 N" 1 'Tl-— la14 ^ ^ 


33% 23* Eteri Do 1X0 17 13 2S7S 32% 32 32ft + * 

11* 15* StevnJ 1X0 85 }] 216 1Kb 18% W%- * 

36 27 StwWm 161 81 14 39 27% 27* 27% + % 


36 27 StwWm 168 81 16 39 27% 27* 27% + % 

ll b% stkvcpf ixo u ian lift ii lift + ft 

45ft 32ft Swnew 160 3’ 8 ,11 41 « 41 

39 25 StoneC 40 U 10 172 37% 27% 27*— ft 

S3* 15 SloaSha 1J0 13 10 594 44ft 46. 44ft + % 


21* 15% StarEO 1X4 EX 15 IM S 


IZft 2 _ viStort ^ » ,2! £* * 

79% 33* Storer AD A 360 75 74* 75 + * 

rift 18% SlrfMln 60e U 9? 18ft IBft 18ft + ft 

IB™ 14% SfrldRt J» 69 30 281 16ft 14 IMj- % 

8% Jft SuavSn I 5ft 5% Eft 

36* 31* SunBks 1X0 16 12 1178 35 34* 35 

37% 24ft sScn 68 U 10 ,2 37 ^ 37 + * 

14 Oft SunEl 706 8ft Bft 8ft 

53 43% SuaCO 7J0 66 11 3068 50 , 4W «9%- * 


United States 

Kdlwood 


nfiQear. 

Revenue 

Nci me 

Prr Share ~ 


ft ft siiEE s i 

a*. ... i«| Half 1M5 IfW 

States ReMrtuf 1 — - *'« 

, Neilnc. J JJ 

wood Per Share— 040 066 

1tu a: Ian. »«5 '»» f«lu» 
.4?i i-K charoe of **• 7 milftoo m 

‘ft! 'Jjr waiter amt 
1 37 I 35 Wf. 


49% 14% Sundstr 1X0 40 12 4WJ44*4<ft44lb + ft 
12% 7Vi SwiMn 46 262 7ft 7* 7ft 

16* 24% ISrS 68 1.9 13 324 36% 3Sft 36 + ft 

Sft 19ft ISm if 42 .9 13 499 45ft 44* 45* + " 

17* 14 Swnk .90 U 14 4 ISft 15ft 15%—% 

16% Srtran 1X8 SX M 171 18* 18 18* + * 

Sft n* S^STaf MM ts SS V\t 

IS* 11% SyimCP 20 19 14* 14% 14* + * 

65 38* swte* 1.92 XI IS 1049 63% 61ft 42*- ft 

38* 25* Snca J6 IX 16 209 36ft 36 36* + * 

50* 35% TDK J6e .7 IT ?1 34ft 36ft 34% + % 

33% 34 TECO 134 7J 9 IB 32% 1» 3N| + ft 

13% 7ft TGIF 17 73 11% 11* 11% T 

19 11% TNP 1XS 76 8 27 17% 17 17 + % 



COCOA I "w — 

siertlna par metric ion 

May 1X38 1X31 1 J15 1J* 1X60 SINGAPORE GOLD FUTURES 

s 3^ 1^3 S? ® ® !««*«— 

S? r 3^ 3^» lx* xg hm r i%» 

T ^ W. «l W 15S m a= H | 

Volume: 3X08 lo« of 10 tons. Sea N.T. N.T. X 

COFFEE 

St " r11W, 5XlS 2X02 2X15 2 Xg 2X15 2XH 


1,170X0 1.174X0 l.lWXO 1,180X0 
1,17000 1.171X0 1,179X0 1.180X0 

”W 1 296X0 294X0 »5X0 

301X0 302X0 300X0 301X0 


Commodity and Unit 
Cotteed SfMTlavlb_ — _ — 
Prtatdotti 6VX 38 %. yd __ 
Steel Mlleft (PlttJ. ton __ 

The 

178 

063 

473X0 

Ago 

152"; 

453X0 

iron 2 Fdry. Ptilla- ton 

Steel semp No 1 hvy Pin, _ 
Lead SoaL lb 

213X0 

79-80 

28-21 

213X0 

100-101 

Capper elect, ih — . ■ 

Tin ( Strains 1. lb 

71-73 

5.9927 


Zinc, E- St. L Basis, lb 

Pnlinrffaint. M 

06+67 

1061 

W2-53 


4.15 

15AI* 

9JI 

Source: AP. 




Dividends 


Hton Low settle Settle I nickel 

Jun 31500 31620 31550 ^1-40 sterling per BMtrfctOfl 

Aug 319X0 31BJ0 319X0 31560 1 ipot 4XBUM L 

N.T. N.T. OTX0 31760 SVrerxJ 6410X0 6- 

Oct — N.T. N.T. 323X0 31960 I - 

volume: 113 lots of 100 oz. 


4 47000 6630X0 4645X0 4650X0 . 

6410X0 6415X0 6435X0 6440X0 I Company 


1141 1151 1,154 
2,182 2915 2J®& 

2180 2W0 2TO Jun 

117S 2.175 2170 2180 2190 2X00 Jly 
Volume : 2X54 lots of 5 ton*. ££ 


KUALA LUMPUR RUBBER forward 47400 J 

MatavshmceaHMirMla TIM t s i u nd o rdl 

.2“* sterling per mettle too 

Bid Aik Bid Aik 9615X0 94 

Jun 194S 1M^ mai 1«X0 oSboxooj 

Jly 197-50 19301 I93-ZS 193J0 

5 S-— 3SS K 3moo ImUtm metric m. 


SILVER ‘ ««CKfcA! 

per trey ounce ^ ^ ^ oy^ ud 
forward 496X0 49650 901X0 503X0 STOCK 51 

TIN (Standardly, _ FabrtcWtvjieiaiers — 2-1 

9645X0 9A5SJM) 

forward 9580X0 9590X0 9600X0 9610X0 Inc -34ar-2 


Company Per Amt Pay Rec 

- INCREASED 

Dylax Ltd O .15 +28 +21 

STOCK SPLIT 
FabrfcWholeuiery -2-for-l 
Fur Vault Inc - 1 2-for-l 


U-S ‘ ^’arETssnjS'oMJS 1 219x0 215a go* 


Sen I9S2 194X0 19650 198X0 

Volume: 17 lets. 


SINGAPORE RUBBER 

Singapore cent! perkflo ^ 

Bid Ask Bid Aik 

RSS 1 Jun— 17050 171 50 17075 17173 

RSS I JIV 14BX0 16850 14875 jijS 

RSS3JWI- 16750 16650 14775 14873 

RSS 3 Jtm_ 14550 144JO 14575 14473 


40700 408X0 412XQ 613X0 I 

615X0 116X0 618X0 419X0 I Arnefnk Inc 


5&P 100 Index Options 
May 30 


Arvfn Industries 
Eckerd (Jock) 
Grand Auto 
Haimafdrd Bros 
Hexed Carp 
Snoneyft Inc 
Stanley Works 


Q 70 +28 614 

Q -M +29 +14 

O 74 7-1 ft-U 

8 Q .10 +21 6-7 

.17 +77 <5t 

« X3* 7-3 t-n 

Q 74 +29 +10 


Sk Jtt' Slt! 223X0 33QX0 220X0 23DJ10 RS53 Jun_ T4i40 144M 145.75 14473 

®SiS= !S13 !SS ’.S3 iSS 


Volume: 1X99 lots of 100 tons. 
sources: Rivfen and London FWi ulewn Ex- 
dianM roaaoUK 


Paris Commodities 
filay 30 


KUALA LUMPUR PALM OIL 
MoMytion rfpggns par 25 tam 


volume: 0 laW«» 25 tans. 
Source: Reuters. 


prey lo os 
BU ASk 
1X50 U00 

1,180 1750 

MOO 1,150 
1X80 1.130 

1X40 1,100 

1X40 1X80 

1X30 1X70 

1X30 1X7D 

1X20 1X40 


DM Futures Options Nippon Oil Says 

i*? 30 ProfitFeI115% 

w. Gftmn HorVBSIBQ marts cods per met 


Strike CofeWBe _ PmSMa 
Prise Jon Ste pec Joe Sep Dec 

R 264 2X1 270 — 825 064 

5 lS 2X4 2S8 0JI 864 071 

32 055 164 1.98 111 DX1 * 

3 an ass 160 844 \M 151 

v 00 MX 1X2 157 W 210 

s - 877 073 ILS4 244 in 


A -Anee ot ; M M t dM w (Khmrtariy; S-SemL 

Ainruul. 

Source; UPt. 


MCI May Avoid 
Antitrust Appeal 


lYasfttotgtem Pan Service 

WASHINGTON — MCI Com- 

Nippon Oil Says 

Profit Fell 15% afeWSEftSS 

IY, • t from Amcncan Telephone & Tele- 

liurmg Last Year graph Co. MCTs chairman, W/ 

» liam McGowan, has said. 


artte QRpimt 

Mm jm Jtr am see 

Pot Hud 
MAM 

Sc* 

MS rew — - - 

1X6 1/14 

ft 

_ 

no n% I*. - - 

1/U ft 

* 

7/16 

ITS M R II*- 

1/16 5/M 

ft 

ft 

no «k 5* 6ft 8M 

ft I* 

1ft 

2ft 

IB 1ft 2ft 3ft S* 

21b 3ft 

3ft 

4ft 

NO * 13/112 3 

TVj 7Vj 

7ft 

8ft 

re i/u yi4 * 1% 

11 - 



TUM GOB VOQNBO 178629 

Tata! CUM mm M. SMJ01 

ToM pal ratamc 69 JN 

DUM CM 80425877 

Index: 

WfbtBJBJ Lo» 111 J8 One BLS— 
source.- CBOE. 

137 



US. Treasury Bifl Rales 
May 30 


?1 34ft 36ft 36ft + % 

in 32 % n% t ft 
73 11% 11* Hft I Jt 
27 17% 17 17 + % 


30 24 ZtfeCD 172 46 9 97 29ft 29% 29* + % 

n* 12 zSSg 64 47 25 547 12% 12% 12ft + % 

» W Z««k 68 ■» '{ ™ “2 g 

M 18% ZenlibE „ ^ S L * 

21ft 14ft Zero! 72 IX IS 99 IB* 18* lew " 


ThnIS^ 0 !!. ^r^ 0 ' ^ award was far less than an 

SsHS 
£SSF' S 

Saw MI i Lwh fom to bIock M CI from entering 

^ ^ luc rativc teiecommunications 

early 1970 s. 

Frendi Inflation Increases Fjfit to'^lofpScenT^S 3 ^ ver<ia 

Reuters bmi0 wf 0, *Sf **“ - CUITCnl pMal the 1980 case representedTshorp 

PARIS —The inflation rate was ^f_ rodu _. n .“ “ its J*jSL ac k for Washington-ba^al 

0.7 percent in France in April after p ^ ear * icr t ^ us hj r - McGowan indicat?d 

the same rise in March and a 0.6- *J“i it may not be in 

percent rise in April. 1984, the oa- ys best interest to ap- 

& statistics hisiituie. INSEE os J ^^SS, 1 fhifE^, Sa ?i t 5 ^ for ^ award. Under fe£ 
reported Thunday. **“ » 10 «■ Sjjag -ard « 


EriJmoted law «LS5ZJ 
Cam: Wed.wL15nwM|2.6fa»4 
Poti : wed. to*, isaepm mt. 37X34 
Source: CUE 



















































V**- 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


Page l' 



tl.S., European Firms 
Sign 2 Aerospace Pacts 


„ Reuters - 

t if PARIS — Two major agree- 

'. 1 ^. mems involving U.S. and Enrope- 

_ ’ -1- |j;a , an aerospace companies were an- 

' :■ ' * f- jounced Thursday as the 36th 
* j. ijs Air Show got under way amid 
~ ‘ l ; ;■ tigfii security. 

/ jn j. Airbus Industrie, the four-nation 

>A ej! \ European consortium, has signed a 
' V,; : T ^ contract to provide 28 A310-300 

'.V-X. ana A320 airaafttoJPan American 
^ Worid Airways. A tentaiive agree- 
J- ■•—V «*»t for die purchase had been 

V. r ' 1 announced last September. 

And Snecma, the French engine- 
..v . tl maker, agreed with General Hec- 

r , trie Co. of the United States '.to 
^ jointly develop a new motor. ' ' 
TJicPanAmagrewnent.yraspart 

** of the SI -billion narlray- ■ ir>ifiaWt 
*st September that provides for 
inauei 4*„>sale, lease and options'-oxx.?! 

rLQ)s^^aircraft to Pan Am by Airbus, of 
>- .. .. ’~~~^,which Britain, France, Spain and 

... ; ■•<*. .... West Germany-are members. Air- 

, i; ; i^ bus normally sells its planes for 
7-; -hi '.around S50 milli on each 'with 

;■:? i-sSs*®*. ■. 

r . _ n • Tie other agreement, signed by 


denu Brian Rowe, gave the froch 
company a 35 -percent stake in de- 
velopment of an undpeted fan en- 

.-General Electric has started 
work on the program, which has an 
estimated cost of $600 nuflioo to 
S800urillion- 

Mr. Rowe said the project was 
prqgressmgbetter than anticipat- 
ed. 

•‘ The engine, which its designers 
! hope, will save' 40 percent to 60 
percenton fuel eosts^ win be tested 
in. a Boeing 707 next spring. It is 
being developed for use in short- 
range aircran, such as the Airbus 
A320, and is ejected to enter ser- 
vice in the esaly 1990s. 

Meanwhile, more than 2,000 

train^to^^SrcxpIo- 
srves,patrofle<f the.airBdd at Le 
Botnget just north of Paris to pro- 
tect some 1,000 exhibitore from 34 
countries on Thursday’s preview. 
- Members of France's elite riot 
police were posted on rooftops with 
jugh-cahber rifles as part of anti- 
terrorist security measures taken 


Snecma’s president, Jacques Bern- following threats a gainst U.S. ex- 
chou. and GFs senior vice preri- . hi bi tors earlier this month. 


Lear Fart Parent Turns to Chapter 7 
As Britain Tries to Recoup Amts 

The Associated Tress 

RENO, Nevada — The parent company of Lear Fan Aircraft Co. 
— Fan Holdings— has filed under Chapter 7 of the U.S. Bankruptcy 
Act in Denver. At the same time, the British government appointed a 
receiver to recoup as much as possible from the British investment in a 
Lear Fan plant in Belfast 

Chapter 7 normally requires liquidation of assets to satisfy credi- 
tors. 

The British government has invested about £57 mOlion (S68.4 
million) m the Lear project, which government officials had hoped 
would provide 2,800 Jobs at two factories in Northern Ireland. 

The Lear Fan jet, with rear propellers and a plastic-like fuselage, 
never received airworthiness approval by the U.S. Federal Aviation 
Administration. It is unclear who owns the technology and the three 
Lear Fan planes already brail. The British government owns the 
Belfast plant. 

But a spokesman for a company director, Moya Lear, asserted that 
new investors could still come fonvard to help complete the approval 
process for the business aircraft. 

In London, the Northern Ireland undersecretary of state; Rhodes 
Boyson, said Wednesday that Michael Jordan of the London account- 
ing firm Code, Gully & Co. had been appointed as receiver following 
Saturday's collapse of ibe company. 

Mrs. Lear is the widow of aviation pioneer William Lear, who 
developed the Learjet executive plane, automobile radio and eight- 
track stereo. Mr. Lear, who died in 1978, sold the rights to the Learjet 
to Gates Learjet in 1967. 

There have been continuing development problems at the Reno- 
based concern. A group fanned by Oppenheixner & Ca invested S30 
million in Lear Fan in 1982. A year later, a group of Saudi investors 
formed Zoyaa Coro, and invested another $88 million. Zoysia owns 
85 percent of Fan Holdings. 


President Sees 

** Revenue Up 11% ... 

j' Reuters 

ARMONK, New York — John' 
F. Akers, the president of Interna- 
ij dona] Business Machines Corp-t 
;u said Thursday that he expects the 
‘«t £ rompan/s strong overseas markets 
^ to push up 1985 revenue 11 per- 
£ rent, to a record $50 billion. 

About 40 percent of IBM’s total 
revenue came from overseas opera- 
_ dons last year, and Mr. Akers said 
dial percentage should increase to 
£> ^ -nofe than half as the value of the 
:, 5 « U.S. dollar declines. Revenue in 
“ w 1984 was $45.9 billion. 


MaoBesmann Posts Increase in Profit 


' DUESSELDORF — Mannes- 
mann AG, the West German pipe, 
steeLand engineering group, said 
Thursday that net profit rose 95.8 
percent to 188.5 nnDion. Deutsche 
marks ($60.8 million) in 1984 from 
96 nriHiotn DM in 1983. ' 

Joachim Funk, a managing 
board member; said worid net prof- 
it and sales were expected to use in 
■ 1985. based on the first quarter, in 
-which sales rose 15 percent and 
profit mcreased_‘*markedly*’ from 
1984's first quarter. He gave no 
specific figures. 


The steel-pipe division, which re- 
ported losses in 1984 and 1983, 
showed a profit in the first three 
months of 1985, Mr. Funk said. He 
gave no details. 

He said that better foreign sales 
contributed strongly to the first- 

r liter improvement, repealing 
pattern of the full year 1984. 
Domestic business rose 11 percent 
while foreign activities improved 
17 percent 

Mr. Funk said that all divisions 
contributed to the first-quarter 
growth in sales, with the exception 
of Demag. 


';! t k ™ m Gasoline Outlets Face 

1 1 Long DecUnein United Stales 


Mr>»r! 


(Continued from Page 15) . 

21 ute. “Now, the focus is more a regional ap- 
5: roach. The drive is to be rffirient, and they can 
■nly make money where they can market .their 
asoline efficiently." . .. 

Across the United States, neaxfy 46 percent pf 
,"j ;U stations me exclusively self-service and near- 
■> v 87 percent have at least some self-service 
umps, a d ramatic increase in (he past decade. 

The oil companies' drive for efficiency has 
— enerated a deep bitterness among sovxcest*-. 

*:■ .^^pameTare nratripnlating market condi- 
fjbiB 10 ; force the indqwndent dealers who sell 
^ieir gasoline out of. business by forcing them to 
frder more gasdine than they can be expected 
> sell. 

Robert Jacobs, executivedirectorof the llfi- 
01 s Gasoline Dealers Assodmi on, said dial the 
ompanies want to pare the number of comprai- 

Drain the marketplace, then charge motorists 

_Jgher prices in order to-reap greater profits. 

Spokesmen for indiridual companies and the 


American Petroleum Institute deny that asser- 
tion. 

However, such concerns have led toa federal 
law, the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act, 

tween accompanies and dealers. 

It also has led to laws in various states,, 
including Maryland and New Jersey, that pre- 
vent or slow the conversion of full- service sta- 
tions to self-service outlets. And it has produced 
a sharp legislative debate between the oO com- 
panies ana their critics over the need for further 
gpvernmcnl regulation of the gasoline retailing 
sector. '* 

The controversy over die spread of self-ser- 
vice stations has bem particularly sharp, in part 
because such stations — which most often need 
just one employee on duty at a time — sharply 
undercut the competitive ability of fuD-semce 
stations and threaten the livelihood of indepen- 
dent' dealere. 

New Jersey and Oregon are the only states 
that have termed self-service stations- 


This announcement appeais as a matter d record only 


Currency Options 


PHILADELPHIA EXCHANGE 
ouitaa Strike 

uShrirtafl Price CoUs-Lnst PMv-LoU 

Jon See Dec Jun Sep Dec 
tuao BrMm Bpfccwh Mr unit 
b pound 1Q5 r 21 ao r r r 

127^5 110 r 17.50 17X0 r r 

1Z7A5 11s 1100 I3J* r r 1X0 

127.55 m u la r 0-15 1x0 

I27J5 125 255 550 7 JO 1X5 T 

12755 IX US US r 170 7J0 

12755 135 r 140 r r r 

SUN CoBQdtofl Dollarvcaats per antt. 

CDoiir 7B r r r r XJO 

7253 72 r r r 0.17 r 

72X3 73 0.12 053 r I U0 

7253 74 r 02* r r r 

ASM Wee* G«raaB Mfirto-ceots per mVL 
DWcrk 29 f r r r 0.12 

32X3 30 144 T T t t 

3243 31 1^0 2X6 t 0X3 055 

3243 32 057 150 r 0X5 0X3 

3243 33 22D 097 150 071 r 

3243 34 0X5 r 1.10 1 t 

3243 35 0X1 r r r r 

mXea Freocfi FnaKe-iMm ot a cent per on it. 
f F ranc too r r r . . ftio . • r 
&250X00 JOMIWM Y*n-100ms Old CWt MTlllll. 


» in r r 

40 0.14 058 179 

41 r 048 r 


Las 054 
040 r 

r r 


cWMSvlitFrsncs-CMtfperuBir. 

5 Prone 36 r 120 r 0X1 042 

3849 37 143 250 r 0X7 071 

3849 38 0X5 . 155 242 07X . 1X9 

3849 39 0X0 U0 r 059 r 

3849 40 0X9 891 1-55 T T 

3849 41 r 0X2 1.19 r r 

TobilcBil wL 8 .U? tglammhe. 

Total P«t ml X4*2 Pat open int 14M48 

r— Nat tTodod. s— No option offered, o— OkL 
Lost Is premium (purchase price). 

Source: AP. 


May 1985 




WORLD BANK 




International Bank 

for Reconstruction and Development 




V\feshington, D.C. 


Mhriticurrency Financing provided by a consortium of members of 
the International Savings Banks Organisation 

Co-ord mated by 

Bayerische Landesbank Girozenfrale 


DM 200j000j000 

7%% Deutsche Mark Notes of 1985/1991 

.. . ’ private Placement 

. Bayerische Landesbank Q'rozenfcrafe 

CaissedesMpAtsefcCDnsisna&xis Caisse G^n^rale d’Epargne et de Retrace Giroaentrale und BankderSsterreidia 

JUgemeneSpaar-enLBfruntekas Spaiicassen Akliengeseflschaft 

_ SwedBank 

Sparebankan OstoAkarahus Sparekassen SOS Spaitanfcema® Bank 


inti !' 11 




Calsae cfEpergm da retatdu GramtOucM 
de Luxembourg, BanquedePBat 

Central' Trustee Savfngs Bank 
Limited 


BaoJcder Bondsspaartanken N.V 


Gala deAhonosde Zaragoza, 
AragOn y Rioja (CAZAR) 

Stop bank - 


:lDkr200^^. 

11%% Danish Kroner Bonds of 1985/1992 

; Semi-Private Placement 


Sparekassen SDS 

Bayerische landesbank Sroaxntnrie G fr oae nba l B und Baric dergatewaicMaclien 

Spaikawen AldfengeaeBschaft 


. n 


Bank der Bondaspaatbonkwi YL V 

CentralTnistee Sayings Bank 
. Limited ■ 

Caisse Generate <re>»gne etde RehaHe 

Algemeno Spaar- enL^frentekas 


Caisse des Mpdts et Consignations 


Skopbank 


. Sparebanken Oslo Akershus 

Caisse ffEpargnederEtatriuGrand-Dochd 
de Luxembourg, Banque da PEtat 

SwedBank 
Spaitjanfoamas Bank 

Caja deAhonosde Zaragoza, 
Arog6n y Rioia (CAZAR) 


Saariandh Seeking 
A Partner for Arbed 

Reuters 

BONN — West Germany’s Saar- 
land state government is looking 
for an “industrial partner” for the 
troubled steelmaker, Arbed Saar- 
stahl GmbH, and several parties 
have expressed an interest, the state 
economics minister, Hans-Joachim 
Hoffmann, reportedly said Thurs- 
day. 

In an interview with DieZeit, the 
West German newspaper, the min- 
ister gave no details of winch com- 
panies may want to take over Saar- 
stahL 


Ohio Cites 
Subsidies in 
Thrift Sale 


The Associated Press 

COLUMBUS. Ohio -7 An Ohio 
savings and loon institution's offer 
to buy Home State Savings Bank 
will cost the state S5 million less In 
subsidies than the package pro- 
posed by Chemical New York 
Corp- according to a state official. 

Hunter Savings Association of 
Cincinnati, a late entry in the com- 
petition to buy the collapsed thrift, 
was awarded the contract Wednes- 
day in a surprise move by Robert 
McAlister, the state superintendent 
of savings and loans. “Hunter is 
likely to receive necessary govern- 
mental approvals.*' said Mr. McA- 
lister. 

Home State closed March 8 after 
depositor runs prompted by the 
court-ordered closing of a Florida 
securities company in which Home 
State had invested heavOy. The clo- 
sure triggered runs on other pri- 
vately insured thrifts, which were 
closed a week later. Most have re- 
opened after acquiring federal de- 
posit insurance or merging with a 
federally insured company. 

Hunter is a subsidiary of Ameri- 
can Financial Corp. 

Texaco-WintershaD Flan 

The Associated Press 

WHITE PLAINS, New York — 
Deutsche Texaco AG, a unit of 
Texaco Inc of the United States, 
and Wintershall AG of West Ger- 
many said Thursday they will soon 
begin building a man-made island 
in the North Sea offshore West 
Germany to determine the feasibil- 
ity of producing crude oil from the 
Mittelplate field. The Mrttelplate 
field was discovered in 1980 and is 
estimated to have about 550 mil- 
lion barrels of oQ, which would 
make it one of the most important 
reservoirs in West Germany. 


AT&T Unit Opens U.K., Tokyo Offices 


Bv Brenda Hagerry 

Ir.tenwticnal Herald Tribune 

LONDON — American Tele- 
phone & Telegraph Co. has opened 
offices io London and Tokyo for 
AT&T Communications, its sub- 
sidiary responsible for long-dis- 
tance and international voice and 
data sen-ices. 

AT&T said Britain and Japan 
were chosen as sites for AT&T 
Communications’ first overseas of- 
fices because of the volmne of tele- 
comm unications business that 
flows between the two countries 
and the United Slates. Britain is the 
third most frequently called point 
from the United States, and Japan 
is the most frequently called Far 
East point. 

Arthur W. Pencek 2d was named 
to head AT&T Communications 

U.K. Inc. in London, and Richard 
C. Cunaid to head AT&T Commu- 
nications Japan Inc. in Tokyo. 
They both previously worked for 

Saudi European 
Board Is Formed 

Intemarnvut Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Saudi European 
Investment Corp. NV, whose main 
unit is the Saudi European Bank of 
Paris, has set up an international 
advisory council. 

Robert B. Anderson, president 
oT Robert B. .Anderson & Co. of 
New York, was named president of 
the council. 

Other members include Fentress 
BraceweD. of Bracewell & Patter- 
son. Houston; John Connally, a 
former US. Treasury secretary, of 
Vinson & Elkins. Houston: Goran 
Ennerfdt, president of Axel John- 
son & Co. of Stockholm; Joseph- 
Camille Gentoo, a member of the 
executive committee of the Total 
group and president-director gen- 
eral of O mnnim Financier de Paris; 
Charles Keating Jr, chairman of 
American Continental Corp. of 
Phoenix; and Sir Christophor 
Laidlaw, president of Boving. 


AT&T Communications' corre- 
spondent relations organization in 
New Jersey. 

Colgate^ PaimoBre Co., the New 
York-based health -care, cleaning, 
sports, food and laundry-pnxiucis 
concern, has named H. Besin a vice 
president. Mr. Besin, who is based 
in Paris, continues as president-di- 
rector general of Colgate-Palm- 
olive France and of the subsidiaries 
in France. 

Raytheon Co- the U^.-based 
electronics group, has appointed 
Alan Thomas 3 vice president. He 
also was named president and chief 
executive of Raytheon Europe In- 
ternational Co., which is moving its 
headquarters from Geneva to Lon- 
don this summer. Mr. Thomas, cur- 
rently managing director of Data 
Logic, a Raytheon Europe unit, 
will succeed John D. Clare, who is 
retiring. Peter McKee, currently fi- 
nance director of Date Logic, will 
succeed Mr. Thomas as managing 
director and Mr. Thomas will be- 
come the company’s chairma n. The 
appointments are effective July 1. 

_ Bank of Tokyo Ltd. has named 
Yasushi Sumiya senior managing 
director. He was president and 
chief executive of California First 
Bank, a unit in San Francisco. He is 
succeeded in that post by Seishichi 
Itoh. 

International Signal & Control 
Group PLC said that Franco Sa- 


moggia has been appointed chief 
executive officer of the groups 
SI.EL SpA subsidiary , He Is also 
chairman and chief executive of 
Prod Tecnologie SpA in Florence. 

Texaco Inc said that Llo>d Ci 
Austin, former president and gen- 
eral manager of Texaco Trinidad 
Inc., has moved to Texaco Middle 
East /Far East as genera! manager 
and government reproenume tor 
operations in the neutral zone be- 
tween Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. 
Leonard McCann Jr.. prc\iou>h 
drilling and production manager 
for the parent’s Los Angeles di\i- 
sion. will be deputy general man.i- 
ger/ opera lions, and Frank H. Hen- 
ley will be manager ' process and 
export for operations m the zone. 
Mr. Henlei was manager hudgets- 
systems planning for Texaco’ Eu- 
rope. 


degrees* 

aari p gSL— ■ 

KEMHEDYWESURNU»lVER s, n 

I _ •7-f u'.* » • »■ ’ 1 



OESTERREICHISCHE ALPINE MONTANGESELLSCHAFT 
(VOESTALPINE) 

Bonds of 1965 Dae 1985 

5 We 

VS. $ 12 , 000 , 000 . — 

Final Redemption. 

The Holden of the above mentioned Bonds are hereby informed tkii ihc 
amount remaining outstanding after June 15. 108-1 i.e. U.S.S 1.1 49.00(1. — . 
represented by 862 Bonds of U.S.fl.000. — and 1.1-18 RmiiL- of 
U.S.S250. — . Is redeemable at par on or after June 15. 1Q85. Boiub -Iwuld 
be presented for payment at the offices of the paring agents M-t forth in the 
prospectus and toe conditions of the Bonds. 

Furthermore it is recalled that the following Bonds, drawn in previous \e.ir* 
hare not vet been presented for payment: 

Maturity U5. 81,000.— 1^.8250.— 


AVIS D’APPEL D’OFFRES 


lxnc£par le rfirectsor general de la society sucriere de la COMOE i 
BANr ORA (BURKINA FASO), pour la foumitnre de 3 039 tonnes 
iTeiigraix complete granule ou de melange, pour la campagne 
1985V 1986. 

La participation 1 1'appel d'o&res est onverte i toutes entre prises i 
£galite de conditions. 

Les doesieis peuvent etre achetes an pra unhaire de 100 (cent) FF 
a partir du 15 mai a l’adresse d-dessous : 

— SOMD1AA, 15, me Croix-dea-Pethe-OiampH 
75021 Paris Cedex 01, France 
Td6phone 1 296-14-34 
Telex : 230.632 Minotei Paris 


ISO- 1975 

15-6-1977-.. 

156-1978.... 

156-1980.... 


156-1981.... 

156-1983— 


2100 

2406 

5332-5333 


8302-8305 


6260-6264; 6274-6275; 

628k 630th 6121: 6505 
6506: 65106511: 6558- 
6559:65676568 
2979-2980 

9191-9192 


Les rensei 
ment chez 


meats complementaires peuvent £tre obtenus egale* 
MDIAA. 


156-1984 674677; 683685; 700. 703; 

733-747; 754755; 771-776: 

779-785; 789-792; 796797; 

840: 852-853: 860869; 997; 

1129 

MANQUE INTERNATIONALE A UCEEMBOURG 

Sociiti Anonymr 
Tnutec 

Luxembourg May, 1985 


Announcement by a South African organization 


EXPLOSIVE GROWTH OF AN AFRICAN 

CHEMICAL GIANT 

Mr. E.J. (Ted)Smale, Managing Director of AECI Limited talks to 
David Carte , Editor of the “Sunday Times Business Times ” 



Mr. E.jf.(Ted)Smale, 
Managing Director AECI Limited 


A ECU, the biggest chemical 
company in Africa, grew into 
a giant largely by supplying 

the South A frican mining 
industry with explosives since 1896. 
Today, with sales of more than US$1- 
billion and net profit of US$ 100-million, 
the 27,000-man group runs the two 
biggest commercial explosives factories 
in the worid. 

But AECTs comprehensive range of 
explosives accouns for less than a third of 
its total operations. 

In state-of-the-art plants, the company 
also makes FVC and ammonia from coal, 
a full range of fertilisers, paints, nylon, 
polyethelene, agricultural and industrial 
chenricalsand a Irost of other products. In 
the next few years, fee company could 
find itself matring fuel and petrochemi- 
cals from coal as well. Conglomerates 
aside, AECI is one of the biggest indus- 
trial companies in South Africa today. 
"Wre a mini-ICI,” says managing 
directory Ted Smale, “In feet we pie-date 
ICL 

“This company was put together under 
hs okl name, African Explosives and 
Industries, by Sir Ernest Oppenheimer 
and Lord McGowan of Nobel Industries 
in 1924. They merged the dynamite fac- 
tory founded bypresklenrftul Kruger at 
Modderfontein, Transvaal with a com- 
petitive factory put up by De Beers at 
Somerset TOst near Cape Town and 
Kynochs’ plant at Umbpgintwini, Natal. 
“Then Lord McGowan went off and did 
something similar in the UK, creating 
ICL Today ICI bolds 40% of our equity 
and Anglo American 40% ."The link with 
ICI remains strong and AECI continues 
to bene fit fr o m ICI knowhow. 

During \Kbrid TOr II, AECI was an 


important supplier of munitions and 
propellants to the Allies in the ^festern 
Desert but since selling its munitions 
interests in the 1960s, no longer makes 
arms of any kind. 

The company completely dominates 
explosives in South Africa, not because of 
its close connections with De Beers and 
Anglo American, says Ml Smale, but 
because of the efficiency of its service. 
Five years ago a competitor attacked 
AECTs market aggressively but made 
only the tiniest inroads. Now Sasol, the 
state-founded ofl-from-coal giant, which 
has recently been privatised, has declared 
its intention to enter the market. 

welcome competition,” says Mr 
Smale, “It keeps us on our toes.” 

Since fee 1960s, AECI has diversified 
strongly from explosives into other chem- 
icals. In fee 1970s, capital spending 
exceeded US$500-million. Most of fee 
new activities were coal based and 
designed to replace imports of strategic 
products and enjoyed a measure of gov- 
ernment tariff protection. In recent 
years, the government has emphasised 
private enterprise and free market forces 
and reviewed its stance on impart 
replacement. It has removed price con- 
trol in most areas and cut back on tariff 
protection. This, together with years of 
drought and domestic re ces si o n has 
proved a difficult period for the chemical 
industry. 

Because of its strong base in mining, its 
relative financial strength and unques- 
tionably because of greater efficiency, 
AECI has fared decidedly better than its 
rivals. Last year it bought the 40% of 
Coalplex- thePVC-from-ocjal plant - feat 
it did not already own from its chief 
competitor: 

And, after a 10-year marriage in fertilis- 
er feat did not work, divorced from hs 
partner Txiomf to start anew in fertiliser, 
Kynoch, the revived fertiliser arm, has 
gained 30% market penetration in its first 
year. 

The government’s changed attitude to 
protection has curbed investment in the 
industry severely. 

Me Smale says immedia te investment in 
AECI will be concentrated on the explo- 
sives division. The company plans to 
spend US$5G-milikm budding new 
explosives p ro ces sin g plants in fee East- 
ern Transvaal, fee Orange Free State 
goldfields, the Vfet Wfrwaiersrand and 
Northern hfetal. 


“For years fee company has been techni- 
cally based. For some time we have been 
more conscious of the need to improve 
our marketing and service. By moving 
our explosive facilities closer to the 
mines, we shall enable more than 90% of 
our customers to receive a daily delivery 
and will obviate: fee need for them to hold 
expensive stocks.” 

In recent years AECI has been engaged in 
petrochemical research. IihasbuBrandis 
successfully operating a pilot petrol and 
diesel from coal plant at Modderfon- 
tein. It has also developed an additive to 
methanol, which creates a diesel substi- 
tute, trade named “Diesanol”. This has 
been successfully tested in trucks and 
buses in several countries. 

AECI is expected to be a front runner if 
fee government decides to appoint a 
private sector builder of further oil- 
from-coal plants in South Africa. A full 
scale plant will cost US$l-billion and will 
have to be located on a coal field. As a 
result, Anglo American Coal and poss- 
ibly an oil multinational are expected to 
participate as well. 

AECI entered fee export market seri- 
ously only five years ago and already 
exports exceed US$8 5-million. The pre- 
cipitous decline in fee Rand against most 
other currencies has made AECTs 

exports highly competitive and profit- 
able. 

The company is already oneof the biggest 
exporters of FVC in fee world, shipping 
50,000 tons annually. Other expats 
include: carbide, explosives, polyester 
fibre, fertiliser, urea and chlorinated sol- 
vents. 

Me Smale foresees continued growth in 
exports but doubts that AECI will ever 
build a plant primarily for exports. 

Like its 40% parent, Anglo American, 
AECI has been in fee van of industrial 
relations reform in South Africa. Today 
the company can claim to bea completely 
equal opportunity employer. "Ve don’t 
think black, white, male or female. We 
think only competent people,” says an 
adamant Mn Smale. 


W 


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Floating Rate Notes 


May 30 


Dollar 


r-KiTn; 




:/ BcralbSSSESnbttnc 


JJL' 








2POR1 

Tcske advantage of our special rates for new subscribers and 
we ll give you an extra month of Tribs free with a one-year 
subscription. Total savings: nearly 50% off the newsstand 
price in most European countries! 


To: Subscription Manager, International Herald Tribune, 

| 181 , avenue Charies<ie<5aute, 92521 NeuiltyCedex, France. 
Please enter my subscription for: 


" mSmcrths 

| |+ 1 morth free} 

□ 6 months 

| ( + 2 weeks free) 

( □Smooths 

(+1 week free) 

I □ My check 

sendosed 


Smo 4 hmduckry IkMi 

ByMfl»dB*Wik(k «» d«i h«T i4^pnc»wtoi Ju dfan4».k4kgfaki««*> 
(Ram **Mw»3hMadVJl. 1985} 


6mo& 




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Please charge my 

□ Access 

□ American 


fteaof Ewjpb, Noah Afrm toror French 
AJrcq, USA, French Potaesa. Mkctte Entf 



Card exary do*? 


VACATION NSTOATrONS 

I Iw^befrovefcngfrcm to— -p— — ® 

I □Pleow‘uisp«Ki my subscript dunng my and ex^ | 

accordingly □ I would like to hove the paper sen! ro my vacation address. ■ 
(Please enclose instructions). 


MS* 


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SuaiHoRWTrtTUU 

SkcdanOD 






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WHAT WOULD UFE BE LIKE 
WITHOUT IT? 


Vi 23:4 = ? 


EACH FRIDAY IN THE IHT 


fdcM- I 


Export Development Corporation 

(An agent of Her Majesty m right of Canada) 




Societe pour I’expansion des exportations 

(Mandaiaire de Sa Majeste du chef du Canada) 

Eurodollar Treasury Note Programme 

The undersigned is pleased to announce the commencement of this programme, 
for which it has been selected as joint manager. 

Credit Suisse First Boston Limited 

MAY IW5 


Export Development Corporation 

(An agent of Her Majesty in righi of Canada) 

4/WVV 

Societe pour I’expansion des exportation* 


Eurodollar Treasury Note Programme 

The undesigned is pleased to announce the commencement of ,hic . 

for which it has been selected as joint manager.* Pr ° sramnK 

Swiss Bank Corporation International Limited 


MAY 1985 




































































































Orer-die-Coiiiiter 


'• NASDAQ NoHonol Marker Prices 



*** lPM-CVo* 


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f . . -When you fl^r on business to the Orient; 

what would you like most from an airline? ,.. 

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onboaSd the woridV mo6t popular aircraft, the B-747? . 

A First Class service that offers you a choice of a comfortable seat 1 

plus a foil length bed upstairs . cff a stretch our rediner seat? 

A gourmet menu that dfcycu'a choice from seven Asian and Continental entrees, 
cf course canplemented by a selection of fine Champagnes, wines 
'and spirits? State-cfehe-arf inflight entertainment? 

Or a Business Class; in hs.own private cabin, where you’re no more than 
one seat from the afefc? A.tdcice if four entrees, compfemencary wines, spirits 
arid encercairiment? True Buariess Glass standards at only a foil Economy fere? 
And, of course, an airline that can get you around Asia with 
convenient schedules, whether you’re going to Tokyo or Kota Kinabalu? 
Philippine Airlines’ Fast Gass, aiyd Mabuhay Class offer all this and more, 
with the traditional Filipino warmth -and hospitality renowned throughout the world. 
Next rime you take, a business trip to the Orient 
discover why e\ferythfog% right here. 


n 


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on Philippine Airlines. 


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Page 20 


OBU-YEN 

10 A* Boidsyad Royd • Luxambowg 
NOTICE OF ISSUE OF FREE SHARES 

The Boud of Directors id Goibb Obli-Yen SJV. tew decided to 
distribute the income received during the Baanaal yew to Much 31, 1985 
by awagw ing to ahareboldera one free new dura for evny 17 shares held on 

These new aharea will be aarigocd, without charge. oo June 0, 
against delivery of die coupon No. 1 to Basque Amiss (UBembcrag) SJt, 
IUA Boulevard Royal, Luxembourg, . 

The shansholdera have the option of roundup op or down *e 

number of new shut* that will be assigned to t hem- 

The instructions from sbereboukmi mute arrive at Bautfue Panto* 
(Lusembomg) S.A- on Jane 5, 1985 at the btoL The tejmee rag 
from the rounding 19 or down will be »ettkd on June 13, 1985 on the bass 

cd the net amet value calculated on June 6. 19K. 

Free shares not allocated by June 6. 1985 *U he ^J*f* »* 
osscl value on this same date. The proceeds of 9ale wifl be ^' reredu \_ 
holders of fa. 1 coupons presenting thenwdw* after that date in proportion 

** ** T^iwerfa of the sale not claimed within 5 yearn of the precited 
date will tepee and revert to the fund. 

Cesdon OBU-YEN &A. 
Luxembourg. April 26. 1985. 


CALL FOR TENDERS ' 

PORBGN AND LOCAL 

No. 1015/A 

DATE: May 12, 1985 

BUYER: General Organisation for the Exploitation and 
Development of the Euphrates Basra 
(GOEDEB) Raqqa, Syria. 

REQIHREMENT: Laboratory tools and instruments. 

Conditions and specifications obtainable from GOEDEB, Rsqqa or from 

~Do£!^^^rf^cia^rkin6h^onJnlylLl^afag*fneh 
the offer should stand fim for 60 days. Off ere to be submittal directly to 

the Headquaxtora of the OtB»nisati«i in Baq«p or » any of its offic« in 

Damascus or Aleppo. 

— Bid Bond: 5S of tender price submitted by bank guarantee confirmed 
thro ugh anv branch of die Com me rcial Bank of Syria, 

— Perforatum Bond: 10% of contract price submitted by bankgoarantee. 
cuofintteri through any branch of the Co m me r cial Bank of Syria. 

•— Delivery; Shortest possible. 

— Delay penalty: 0.1% per day horn the contract pace not exceeding ana 
from tne contract price. 

— The offer 10 be submitted in 3 envelopes: 

Eordoae ( 3 ) — for bid bond and supportiig documents connected witti 
die tender and the offerer. 

Envelope (b) — for financial and commercial offer as well as unit and 
total price, and 

Envelope (<■) — for technical details and speci&ations supported by 
technical bulletins and catalogues. 

These 3 envelopes should then all be put in a large strong envelope 
marked with the subject of the tender. 

The offerer should be a manufacturer or an official agent and ahoaki haw 

an address in the Syrian Arab Republic. 

The offerer must abide with the rules of die contract regulations issued 

by Decree No. 195 of 1974 and wife dKtednricalcwufitKias attached to 
this lender. 

_ The coats of publishing the Tender and (be stamp dudes CD be bozn 
completelv bv the owner offerer. 

DIRECTOR GENERAL 
DR. ENG. ABDOKASEN 
GOEDEB, HAQQA, SYRIA. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


Over-the-Counter 

NASDAQ Notional Market Prices 


May 30 


SO l*i fa> Net 

lies HU Low 3PJHLOIWS 

(Continued from Page 19) 

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IVTKHXATIOliAl, REAL ESTATE 

I SW1T 


" t 


**Lx4 iJIm 



^ • v, 


FOR SALE 


“HOTEL BELA VISTA” 

PRAU DA ROCHA, ALGARVE, PORTUGAL 

lft bedrooms & Junes with 6 more rooms; reception; 2 Jiving- 
rooms; game room; breakfast room & big terrace over the 
bejehe. Surrounding area 6,6 88 sq.m. 

Conuici: TORRALTA- Qub Internationa] de Firms SARL 
Av. Duque dc Loute 24 
1098 US BOA CODEX, PORTUGAL 
TELEX: TORRAL - 16465. 


Victory Village Club 

X Quinta do Lago 

ALGARVE S\ 

• Luxury properties overlooking lake, 
golf course and sea. 

• Superb sporting and leisure facilities. 

• Ideal for company or holiday investment. 

• Apartments from £30,000. Villas from £91,000. 

a w AtanasMmmi T*h 0722 3308*7 

27A New Street. 

-pWMU 1 1 "Id I !»■ Salisbury. Wilts. SP I ZPH. 

W •>!> 1 Nil I I 1 Telex: 477935 EPAG 


UNIQUE FOR CANADA 

Important rukfentid project (recreation, sport, educaHon, etc.), 
approved by the Gover n ment, on large surface dose to the i ntemo- 

tionaf airport MIRABEL Company registered in Liechtenstein. Acqui- 
sition by tra m for of shares, anonymous, no charges. Very important 
fiscal advantages. 

For further i n forma ti o n contact P.O. Bax 1876, 
Of-3001 Bom, Switzerland. 


— SWITZERLAND 

Particular love sur les HAUT5 DE F#CHY 
superbe villa neuve de 9 pieces reparties sur deux etages (avec 
grand sous*sot, legumier, 4 pieces tfeau, garage pour 2 voitures) 
sur pa reel ie de 3 500 Hi*. Bail de courte duree a tfispontion. 
Layer mensuef de SFR. 5 000-7 000,- selon dur6e du bail 
Pour tout reme^nemenfs: Tel.: (022) 47-45-45 [fA. Santo] 

B . Ivrsst ■■ ■ =P MONTANA LAND — - 

20 acre* (or more) Staring « $12,500 whh $175 damn, $175.05 per m o nt h. 
Near beautiful Yefowstortft Park and notional forests. Afaundonf wMRfc — 
elk, deer, moose, antelope. Blue rfcbon trout stream. Guarantee d aaoess. 
1NSIW93 TTUf ANO WARRANTY DEED. Your inspection w ek nrw Hi . HQ 
brochure, maps, color photos. 

Ctel today TOU.RS1 -800-252-5263 -YHIOWSTONE BASIN PROPSTHES 
1119 North 7#i Avwiw, Dept. HT, P.O. 8ex 3027, 
a — -=■ BwnoftMentaw 59772^1027 - (406) 587-5469 sassssss 


OUR LAKELAND PARADISE 
AWAITS YOU 

Your cum vacation land on the febukxu Lake of the Ozarics in Central 
Wssouri. I5flht in the hearfand of America. Aiwy from dries, ncue. 
pollution and the rat-race of the workaday world 
Forbes Inc-, publishers of Forbes Magazine, through its subsidiary. 
Sangre de Cristo Ranches fnc, is offering the oppom.'nfly of a lifetime for 
you lo acquire one or mere acres of our choice Missouri lakeland 
There's no better rime than right now to find out If Forbes Lake of the 
Ozaiks b the place for you. AH our homeshes, induefing lake from and lake 
view, wfll be a minimum size of one acre— ranging lo over three acres. 
Cash prices start at $6.0001 One or mote acres of this incredibly beautiful 
lakeland can be yours for the modest payment of $60 per month, with 
easy crerfit terms available. 

Ifor complete Information. Including pictures, maps and fuD details 
on our Sberal money-back and exchange petvieges. please write to: 
Forbes Europe Inc. Dept H. P.O. Bax 86. London SW1 1 3UT England 

Otxon the Property Report required by Federal to* and read tf before 
sprang anytteng. No Federal agency has judged the mares or value il any 
o« trie omperty Equal Credit and Housing OppoftuWy 


\!Z7ffiQS@0Q 

Let yottr $US Doiiar buy more In Canaria 

170 Apartment Complex 

• Very well maintained complex 

• Price $3310,000. CDN or $£412000. US 

• Excellent low, long term financing until 2007 

• True 12% return on Investment 

Downtown Toronto 

First class commercial property In the heart of Toronto with 
good future for appreciation. Price $4.75 M CDN. or $3.46 M US. 

For further information and broch u res please contact 
W1NZEN REAL ESTATE LIMITED W1N2HJ CORPORATION: 
Attn. Marketing Manager A LmtOng Onmtofmant, 

67 Yonge Street. Suite 700 • Sates. Property Management 

Toronto. Ontario, Canada M5E Ufl and Uadtattng 

TeC (416) 06343071 - Telex 06524301 OrgentreMwi.' 


SWITZERLAND Q 

near Gstaad, and a small city 
far sale 

PRETTY CONDOMINIUM 

3% rooms 

— financing avafldble 
until 903 
— interest 

— return of tncoot certified 
TefecCH 940046 
T«t CH-41/294J5.78 or 

CH-41/ZL56Jt^2(mnmg) I 


MALLORCA’S HPN 
l SUPERPORT 

| In #e W of ft**. 5 im*. Wro, »5 m*. 

[ report, it* bath B ft 38 Mftx. 2 far if> to 40 
I mn «ak krfvidud 7Y/ aaB/wcft/pfora 
t ux i refu e . Fr uf ai w n u l part iiu iagw ii e* eo. 

[ ftJ ui« vnar tgmr. nrfa, «fo ftme I R 
| rwpor, hd 4 b 6ft e S aafetoar «Mar hcri- 
[ uonik, UndatTtwd enr port Into Coops- 
t aaeay Mriiai 6 fcetni ftdftee ABEfai bto- 
[ rg, topping, eriaaig, atertomBt. Gdf & 

► mrii nB»fo.Can«dal area mmpnmC irt 
; gn UI7J spa in at Ha Zl tap* ftirt na ft j 
’ oboyoS 7B iaHcarOs korxr CDnda- ol in (rort 3 
[ to dong ado pin Top ntadnari 45X nUI | 
[ Hwry nmldn r«tf ptrarexIOxAsa dreOij j 
Jdeedopare 1 

\ PUBTTD FUNTA PORTAlSt SlA. j 

Director Oxrunerad j 

! C/Maina 101, Pbrtak Now \ 
! iVWfarca, Span or Tlx. 68686 CAUU E 4 


COVENT GARDB4 
LONDON 

1 ledraon Bob ter to* ftuMr lueorod 
patiod buUng art fa a fan borfon in to fo»t 
d Combi Cortot Laatoi'i dad orti fcr 
jjBu na n end tour*. 

Prion from U2j5D(L 

Ffao~01-a36a227Tai«2MCB7W7YG 

Covent Gordon Group 


PELHAM REALTORS : 

5217 Bern Ave„ SoBe 410, 
Ddtea, Tone. 75206 ILSJL 
(214) 824-7830. 

if you ore looking for on Irish cotHe Of Q 
544 onBon office pork in the U.5A, on 
dgfo story office building m OUahomo, 
or upurtnwnu buildngs, office 
motels, or good retaVc om nen JJ hand 
in Texcn, we hare it all 

Member of Worldwide 
Exch a^j e Group 
A Compdarized 

Commercial Property listing Service 

At© DIRECT MAIL CAPABttJTY 
TO THE TOP 100 SYNDICATORS 
IN THE COUNTRY. 


FOR SALE 

SA2V FRANCISCO 

HOTEL 

151 rooms, downtow n ggj> . 
a tari rial ranh flow HOTEL 
MANAGEMENT AVAIL- 
ABLE. 

Price: $17,000,000 cash priite 

cipaU onJy. 

Phan reply to Box D-106, 
h fo wrfond HwaM Tribwwr 
92521 Neuffly Cedant, Francs. 


Wc 




ATLANTIC CITY, NJ. 

LUXURY 
OCEAN FRONT 
CONDO 

Enjcy the uftfoiote fo foxwy . .. from fha 32nd floor of this outstanding 
2-bedraom, 2*tamac» ocaon front oportmant. Located at OCEAN CLUB, 
Alkmfic Gty's pmfigiM new address on the buuidwulk, this elegant 
tower oho offers such amenfffoe a condwge, spa, indror and outdoor 
poob, mind service, restaurants and shopping. For sale by anginal 
ClWNfL 

For detods write: 

Box 2534, CBffan, Jersey, 07015-2534 U1A. 


j HighgafeLondon N6 

Situated on crprixlcestcdecn best 
residential North London dose to 
Hempstead Heath with easy 

access to ftfest End. j 

Tfcw outstanding contemporary 

detedwd family houses. . 
Fran £650,000 Jreehcdd 

Full particular* from: ~ ’ 

5ficHev£rKenf / 

51-53 Heath St 
Hampstead 
London NWS k 
Tel: 07-796 5254 ' — - i 


SWITZERLAND 

Montreux-Geneva Lake 
APARTHOTH. BONfVARt) 

For sale luxurious apartments, 
from 1 to 5 rooms, overlooking the 
prettiest part of Genera Lake. 
Prices: S.Fr. 123,000 ind. equip- 
ment and furniture. 

60% mortgage available at 
interest. 

Phase contact t he Bu Sden 

RlGIE DE LA RIVIERA SA. 
32 avenue du Grebe 

1 820 Montreux^vdtewtand 

Tef.i 02T/ 635251 
r-fa- 25873 aril di — 


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Sumitomo 
Has 5 % Fall 
In Its Profit 

Reuters 

TOKYO — Sumitomo Bank 
Ltd. of Japan said Thursday that 
net profit fell 5percent to 158.48 
billion yen (S629.6 million) in the 
fiscal year ended March 30, from 
167.33 billion yen a year earlier. 

But the bonk said that despite 
the fall in profit, it was the most j 
profitable bank in Japan for the 
fourth consecutive year. 

Sumitomo attributed the lower 
. result to decreased revenue from 
domestic operations and a substan- 
tial rise in capital spending, espe- 
cially the expansion of its electron- 
ic banking system. 

But while revenue from domestic 
operations fell 4.1 percent during 
the year because of lower yields on 
lending because interest-rate cuts, 
revenue from international opera- 
tions rose 18 percent, to 773 billion 
yen. 

Earnings from securities transac- 
tions rose 36 percent, but operating 
expenses climbed 7.7 percent be- 
cause of large-scale investment is 
electronics, the bank said. 

Sumitomo said it aims for a 
slight increase in net profit, to 159 
billion yen, in the current fiscal 
year. 

A bank spokesman said Sumi- 
tomo plans to raise its dividend to 
750 yen, from 7 yen, this year to 
mark its 90th anniversary. 

He also said the bank will ex- 
pand its business by taking advan- 
tage of the opportunities offered by 
liberalization in the marketing of 
money-market certificates, the is- 
sue of domestic certificates of de- 
posit and in Euroyen leading to 
non-residents. 


Gold Options frdcMte s/m.* 


3K) V7S192S 

320 w«B»i - 

SB KB- 975 tSZHKB SSMS 
340 525-675 OOU39 U35S25 

SO 230-500 9000190 1SOH430 

260 2»M5 4S0 8O 1UH3Z 

SV -0*4X1 93501 n 

Gokt3Ua-3U75 

YalcsnWUteWeM&A. 

I. Qwi to MnwJhnc 
1211 Geneva l Stontod 
TeL 310251 - Telex 28305 


STOCK USS USS 

DeVoe-HoGxan 

Intezzzatioaal bv 5% 6%. 

GtfGoek 

International nr 254 3fA 

Quotes as at May 30, 1985 


I Investors seeking above average 
1 capital gains in gloha) stork 
markets can simplv write us a 
note and the weekly 
INVESTORS ALERT newsletter 
will be sent free and without 
obligation. 

First Commerce Secnrit i es bv 
Herengracht 483 
1017 »T Amsterdam 
The Netherlands 
Telephone: (0)5 120 260901 
Telex 14507 fircouJ 


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Frontier Rejects 
Bid to Train Pilote 

jfy AciivieteJ Pr*** ' 

DENVER — Frontier Airitocs 

*MKL* sssgg 

where union pilots areotLStnk&to 
Frontier W vam pdow toj^i 
Kwiir n strike for United. 40SBK' 


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ADVERTISEMENT — — 

INTERNATIONAL FUNDS 

Quotations Supplied by Funds Listed 

3Q May IMS 






AL MAC MANAGEMENT ~ Ww l !"S 

(w) Al-Mel iWtB 515774 ^ — Hire) Uotos Inti. Sur 

BANK JULIUS BAER 4. CO. UU. . MIMARBEN 

-<d) Bo*rtyjod. SFtaOJT — {dlOMSA^—. 

—to ) Canftar SF 126*00 — <w) CJaM g-UA-. 

— (d ) Equltxrar Arnortco— — 5 1155.00 — 4w)Cto»C- Jaoan. 
— Id ) EMIwr Firm. SF 1237 JQ OBLIFLEX LIMITED 

—id { Ewftxnr Padfle SF U6?m -twi JtoltteurrijKV-. 

— Id ) OJDtior SF 107*00 — (tel OdUv Ntediwn 1 


—Id > Ontoar— 
— <d 1 Stockbar 



SF 107ii)0 — (tel OdUv Medium T*rm 
SFteSUO — {>») DoHor Lons T*rm_— 
— <wl J uuon— 6 Y— . . — 
— «•) (found StarlliB 


s 1U7 — Frame. . -- 

5 16J1 0RAN« NASSAU GROUP 

1 9135 PBIS57B.T)teWwu»ao8i«M7B 

815042 -WlitowtoSilre iSh 


_-SI(L4I 
— 81IU4 

-.81045 
—5 1047 

turn 

DM 1024 



*88.18 
1.192.94 
SF93L4S - 
1.177 JO . 

!® 

s‘iS^: 

8 10BJ5 


CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL 

— (wl CooN Inn Fund — 

— (wiCupNolltaHoSA 


sniS ROYALS.OFCAlMOAi>OB3<6GUEfl 

,0J54 -rttel RBC CWadtan Fund LW 

1 -HwlRBCFteCaNiPoShcFfl— . S 
*3774 -Mwl RBG MlCnolW FlL__— 

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-Kd ) ftRC ManXunmcv Fd. 82375- 

-+<•) RBC Nortti Anwr. Fd,. .... S9J1 

SKA NO I FOND INTL FUND (4804342701* 

— fwllnt: BW 5117* Ofltr^ — -SS5S- 

— iwMsu Bid 55. T» Offer — —&S7 

SVeNSJCA INTERNAT706ML LTD. 

17 Dmamhlre $aJJOtoiV-01-377-«M0 

— ta> SHB Band Fwto_— I 82080 

— (w) SHB inti Growth Fund S71J6 


■ 51220 UNION BANK OF SWITZERLAND 

{«) Wartdwtdi SncnrUlM S/S Jft— S43J6 —40 j Anted UASII. SF 4US 

ttel World wto » SpndOl S/S 2ft— - SLOWS — ^di Bond-l nv—l^ &F6BJD0 

hrmturcruniTCCu — W j FflteO — SF 1435# 




OIT INVE5TMEKT FFM 

— Kdl Ctncsntni DM2 

— Hd 1 Ian Rentteilond DM 9! 

Dana 
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P8*: MGMT. LTD. INV. ADVISERS 
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— tw» FAC Often tel. 


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— id i FitotHy Frwtter Fund 
— « ) FhtelBv Pocffic Fund 
— (d j FkteuiY Spcl Growai Fd. 
—(d) Fktttty World Fyrel 

FO«»es POJM7GRAND CAYMAN 
London Avent QV43F3Q13 

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nY*?;— =r SF938J0 

1 5?°* %* n, , Afr j 5,1 SF499J0 

)M 9338 _td) sura (stack mice) SF 197 JO 

UNION I NVES TMENT FronWuil 

— id ) Unlronla DM4470 

-fd Unlfand, DM2130 

— Id) liwlml. DM 7555 

— <d) UNIZtNS DMlTlS 

^ Other Funds 

.is istsiigftj. "”^""- 5a&, 

82*71 fm> Alllnd Llrt _ 

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ing to Fronurt’s preatkot. Jot^B 
O'Gorman. 

Mr. O'Gorman said Wednesday 
that the proposal was not m we 
“best interest" of United. United 
executives had sought w use Fron* 
tier's pilot training operation near 
Stapleton International Aupon 
here to train replacement for me 
5200 striking United pilots jwto 
areraembSTof the Air Line Pflots 
Association. United’s chairman. 
Richard Ferris, first proposed the; 
deal last week, while in Denver, 
supervising United operations. *_ 

. a union spokesman said Tfc 
members would not train the new 
hires on the Boeing 73? simulators, 
which would have forced Frontier 
to hire instructors from outside the 
company. Frontier operates 48 
Boeing 737s, and trains its puotsm 
a multimiliion-dollar simulator 
Frontier bought from Umled. 


•*»£ ‘‘.8 


— (tel Dollar Income 
—Hu) Strategic Trot 

GEFINDR FUNDS. <wl TSTStoJShSStfl 

!B 


omMnajjaiMiAevUMt-er M230 ftei Fb«d i^comeT^ 

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|) GAM InterroBartoirel . 
■GAM North Amertco Inc 


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“52 J S-I- Atofled.setence 


-d J RT. Australia Fans 

2T i ur< *S Fu,Kl — siaio 

atBB asEss Hw 

=jjii;: SSSt, T « 5g. 

3! §:?:13SX!g» R “ 

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3118^11 K^a^i 

LLOYDS BANK . r.;. **'? 15.? Fung"^ *“S 


WSMBBteftSa FISS&uS 
jaa;siffiR!^%R!af r.W 

New; S — -HNIMIIIU n" Ws N c^£ t 2f Awollah^Srtr; Offer Price*, -b - bw t ^ 


' TT 




feiSr'iJ-V'-.V* V-V 







FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 



l SW> : 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


AUTOS TAX 


SERVICES 


(Continned From Back Page) 


** ZURICH 558720 ** 

°OT. tow Soptatcated VIP. Lady PA 
Pm (London] 01 402 9697/2. 


REAL ESTATE 
TO RENT/SHARE 




EMPLOYMENT 



AUTO CONVERSION i AUTOS TAX FREE 


NEW MERCEDES 

PORSCHE. 6MW, EXOTIC CASS 

FROM STOCK 

for MUHfiDMJF defivery 
BBT SERVICE 

For flapping, inuranca, bond 
convenor) h U.SJL 

RUTH INC 

Toonussh 52. ftOOO Frankfurt, 

W Genu. n) (CB 69-232351, rt* 41^5-W 



MOOWCATION OF NEW MOOS 
CARS N GOOD RUNNMG 
CONDITION. MOST, 

MERCEDES $4,000 

MAW $4,000 

PORSCHE $4,000 

IAGUAR $4,500 

FERRARI 308 $5,500 

[tSTA ROSSA $6,000 


JAGUAR. RANGE ROVHt, new LHD 
u free. SroaUnb Ltd UK 09323 
S2Sea Tit 8950091 M0CHEC G 


BOATS & 
RECREATIONAL 



69-232351, rtx 411 55® 
t by phone w telex. 


DOT & EPA 

CONVERSIONS 

Don* hi li»n U .5JL 
Tba Baht Woyt 

we name bonding. 

U-S. CUSTOMS QEAEANQ: & 
PICK-UP SBW1CE FROM POST 

EUROPEAN FWs CAR 

Imperii & Convertors 
36-21 31st St LLC, NY 
7187292407 Tfc, 5101009922 


10 YEARS 

Wa Dafivar Cm Is (ha World 

TRANSCO 

Hooping a lubmp stcdc of more then 
300 brand new cm 

j©na igr lira pmiicoiuiwmhJK}Qi 

Tr ornco SA. 95 Noorddoon, 
2030 Antwerp, BeJoum 
Td 323/542 62 4LTU3W TUANS B 



PARS VP LADY GUIDE 224 01 32 
Yeung indy, etogont, educated, of- 
trnttve, moMngud, lor days & cw- 

& Irawoh m ftjns & Arparti. 


MTERNATIONAL 8EAUTVUL Poqete 
UNLTD. USA A WORLDWIDE Tet 
7127657793 / 765-7794 


SOCSTE DIANE PARIS 260 87 <3 

Mon & women grades, leeway A rert- 

mHccr nrucH, 8 am - 12 pm. 


LONDON. ELEGANT muh-educdad 
Franeh lady eompmon, wdlnveOed 
Avertable, let 821 0364 (OIL 


ANIMALS 


GUARD DOGS - Ail RUSS. 

Trained or puppies. Buy withou ml 
from o voter ranon Wor Idwida ddw- 
ery. Col Goimony ( 0 ) 61 90-5757 


ANTIQUES 





PARS NOTE THS PHONE AT ONCE 

757 62 4B. Trustful V.LP. lady, travel 
cOmpamon, 


ntANKHJKT. Young lady eo mp omon. 
Engfaft French. German spoken. Free 
«o rrawd 069/44 77 75. 



SINGAPORE INTI GUIDES. CdL- Sm- 
o 734 96 28. 



YOUNG LADY 

PA/ Interpreter & Tourism Guide 

PARIS 562 0587 


| TOKYO 645 2741. Tourmg & drop 
***** 1 W 

YOUNG BEGANT LADY PA | YOUNG OCEAMC LADY ei London 

ZURICH 830.58.88. ' ° 1 ' 345 9002 A »«»mi ,T ra*d. 


YOUNG BEGANT LADY 
PA. PARIS 525 81 01 


TOKYO LADY COMPANION, PA 

** PARIS 553 62 62 ** Jxss^S^SM^Sl 

POR A REAL VJJ>. YOUNG 1ADY T ' 

Ddhnguehed, Began. MukCnguaL <***• lnterpre * w ** 



ifv; ifv 


Educated, retractive end tnfirnud 
for days, iwra & travel 


TOKYO 475 54 80 

European Young Lady Campanian. 


PARIS HUNGUAL ASSISTANT to 
bwiraas executives. 500 SB 17 


HtANUUST 069/233380. Young 
bdyV.LP.PA, 

HONG KONG - 3-620000 Yaorg 

’ n 

HONG KONG 5-79S4823. Evope- 

PARS YOUNG SOPMSnCATDVV 
trttngud BA 756 05 95. 

PARIS, YOUNG RSNCH BMKATm 

.. - 4r)41 


ATHENS. Lady companion and person- 
d assistant. Tab 80661 W. 


Place Your Gasufted Ad Quickly and Easily 

fat ill* 

INTBNATIONAL HBtAID TRIBUNE 

By Phono: Cdl your locd IHT representative with your text. You 
will be informed of the cast immediately, and once prepayment it 
made your ad will appear within 48 hour*. 

Cad; The banc rale it 39.80 pv Kne per day + load totes. There are 
25 tenet*, ape end spaces in the Er» inn and 36 in the (blowing fines. 
Minimum space s 2 fates. No abbreviations accepted. 

Cradt Cents: American Express, Diner's Club, Eurocard. Master 
Card, Access end Visa 
















































































































































Page 22 


■■■■■ 

Hiim mmmm 

■mi Hiin 

fflHlHHlHHIB! 


■ill aiHHHH 

laaauiHiHUi! 


ACROSS 


I Jutting rock 
5 Yellow Brick 


59 Whodunit 
feature 

60 Belle’s swain 

61 Draft 

9-Odvssev" classification i 

3 30 Aetna 

enchantress 62 

14 Mechanical (chess 

repetition 3lOppos 

15 Gaelic 63 Statutes fragra 

16 Veld sounds 64 Plane access 32 Soviet 

17 Smell 65 Old-womanish 33 Dinah 

18 Datum 66 Coastal cruiser aveng 

19 Pruf rock’s 87 Former Otto- M Shep n 

creator man rulers Turpii 

26 A courtship 

custom, south gvS 

of the border DOWN 

23 Anvil bangers i Stuffs 

24 C-note 2 Composer 40 Place 

25 Forever, old f ra ra Ind. orchid, 

style 3“. ..down to 45“ 3 

28 Nye’s greeting get ya in . 46 Likely 

toSteverino honey’* survivi 

32 Kaline and 4 jokester’s 47 Use a 1 

Capp question 49 Father 

35 Actor Santom 5 Tie again Freya 

36 Fray 6 African part 50 Mothei 

37 A “Star Wars 7 Author of “The Perset 

seq ueI Apostle” 51 Sulla 1 

41 Bnmdage or 8 H old back 51 

Fisher 9 Confession of n Mnv „ 

42 Papal names faith 58 “2? 

43 A Chaplin 10 Kan. city „ JJJS 

44 Waterfall. «n n parade spoiler 53 

Dundee 12 Gator's kin c«wr~ 

45 Lithe 54 N.C. « 

47 Noted urban 13 Borgia in-law 55 Plains 

architect 21 Manhattan ing: V; 

48 “Messiah” garnish 56“Greei 

composer 22 Ballerina's Mansit 

53 Apocryphal axis man 

line for 26 Brian of Roxy 57 Kind ol 

Weissmuller Music 58 Ennui i 

O Nac York Times, edited by Eugene Maleskn. 


DOWN 

1 Stuffs 

2 Composer 
from Ind. 

3“. . . down to 
getyain . 


5/31/85 

27 Ransack 

26 Pilgrimage to 
Mecca 

29 Currier's 
partner 

30 Actress 
Lamarr 

31 Opposite of 
fragrant 

32 Soviet sea 

33 Dinah’s 
avenger 

34 Sheppard- 
Turpingun 

36 Network 

38 Vase on a base 

39 Aviv 


4 Jokester’s 
question 

5 Tie again 

6 African part 

7 Author of “The 
Apostle” 

8 Hold back 

9 Confession of 
faith 

10 Kan. city 

11 Parade spoiler 

12 Gator's kin 


13 Borgia in-law 

21 Manhattan 
garnish 

22 Ballerina’s 
axis 

26 Brian of Roxy 
Music 


40 Place for an 
orchid 

45 “ you!" 

46 Likely to 
survive 

47 Use a lever 

49 Father of 

Freya 

59 Mother of 
Perseus 

51 Sulla, to 
Marius 

52 Moves for 
Martins 

53 Actress 
Powers 

54 N.C. college 

55 Plains dwell- 
ing: Var. 

56 “Green 
Mansions" 
man 

57 Kind of miss 

58 Ennui reaction 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


1 /? 




ro 1 






won't YA WAKE N&EARUER 2 I 'QlOffT EVEN' 
SET TO SEE AIR.R06ERS PUT HIS SNEAKERS ON > ' 


THAT SCRAMBLED WORD GAME 
9 by Henri Arnold and Bob Lee 


racrambJe these four Jumbtea /\A VAJ A 
le letter to each square, to lonn ( Y s . 1., < / s 

w ordinary words. \A/ v 

menog I _ _ 


KASHY 


Aa I always a*M. ■ 
He's doi a 
gieai future 


SACULE 


CEITED 


THE "SO ■SETTERS KNOWS 

THAT THE RULES 

FOR GETTING AHEAP 
WON'T WORK UNLESS 
THIS HAPPENS. 


Now arrange the circled led era to 
form the surprise answer, as sug- 
gest ad by (he above cartoon. 


Print answer here: 


YtdcnJay'3 


(Answers tomorrow) 

Jumbles; CURRY PIOUS DECADE SALUTE 
Answer How careless drivers frequently end up— 
■CARLESS” 


WEATHER 


EUROPE 


Algarve 

Amsterdam 

Atom 1 

Bgrcckm 

IcKrodr 

Berlin 

Bruucli 

Bvckonn 

Bane nesl 

Cope nh o e v il 

Casta Del Sal 

Dublin 

Edlnbvrwi 

Plorence 

bra* tart 

Mntro 

Helsinki 

Istaneai 

Los Pel min 

(Jsbon 


LOW 
C F 

M 64 Cl 

4 39 fr 

16 61 e 

13 SS cl 

IS S9 cl 

10 so rr 

5 « fr 

10 50 ir 

13 55 St 

10 50 fr 

I* 41 <3 

7 45 Fr 

2 36 Cl 

U P Cl 

12 54 Cl 

11 S2 Ct 

10 50 0 

14 57 fr 

11 64 0 

13 55 SB 

7 45 It 


Bangkok 
M line 
mo* none 
Monde 
new Demi 
Seoul 
ShanaHal 


HIGH LOW 
C F C F 
29 84 24 75 
19 44 15 55 


27 SI 24 7$ 
34 93 37 81 


40 1Q4 X Be 
25 77 16 61 


24 75 16 61 
32 90 27 81 


26 79 22 72 
19 66 14 57 


AFRICA 


Alston 26 79 14 57 d 

Cairo 29 «i 18 64 cl 

Caw Town If 44 6 41 fr 

CaMBtanoa 24 75 M 57 d 

Harare 19 66 9 48 fr 

Loom X 86 25 77 St 

Nairobi 20 60 U 55 0 

Tool* 24 79 14 57 if 


X 86 25 77 
20 60 13 55 
24 79 14 57 


15 57 Cl 

13 SS Ir 

1! 54 e 

IS S9 Ir 

f A Ir 

10 50 cl 

10 9 a 

RcrMcwlk • 40 -1 30 tr 

Rome 24 75 IS 59 fr 

Stockholm 19 46 JJ 5? cl 

Strasbourg IS 99 12 54 a 

Venice 24 79 IB 44 g 

Vienna 19 6* 16 61 el 

Wane* 23 73 17 54 fr 

Xaricb 16 61 II 52 o 

MIDDLE EAST 

Ankara )B 64 >1 52 so 

Beirut — — — — no 

Deanan 74 75 10 $0 cl 

Jerusalem 23 73 13 55 cl 

Tet Avhr » 79 18 64 cl 

OCEANIA 

Auckland M 57 I 44 fr 
Sydney 19 66 13 55 Id 

ci-cioudv; fo-teaav; tr-taif! wwi: 
sh- showers; sw-snow; si -storm*. 


LATIN AMERICA 


Okreitat Aire* 16 61 8 44 fr 

Caracas 28 82 il 64 cl 

Uma 23 73 12 54 Ir 

Medea City X 82 10 SO Fr 

Rio da Janeiro — — — — no 


NORTH AMERICA 


18 64 » 52 31* 

74 75 10 SO cl 

23 73 13 55 cl 

X 79 18 64 cl 


AKtMtfMM 10 

AHenfO » 

Beaten 21 

Chicago X 

Denver 25 

Oetreff 2d 

Hoeolufa X 

How ten 33 

Las Anaoiet 23 

Miemf 31 

MtaneapeH* 25 

Mentroal 19 

Nassau 29 

now York 27 

San Francisco 20 

Seattle 18 

Toronto IT 

wnmeaten 24 

Dover cast: Dc-oartrv i 


FRIDAY'S 
X— T0(dfl - 
Temp 24 — 
Fair. Temp. 
Fair. Terns 
BANGKOK 
Temp. 28— 
Temp. 25 — ’ 
Fair. Temp. 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


PEANUTS 


ffppyijL'- ^ 

JfijBflrttd’ JriuAcMoot 


<s'J& out"*™ 



TEMPTING BUT R15JOC 






BLONDEE - 

fiE&srstt'SZl TfcgJ&SrZ5> 


LATELY HAS BEEN 
It BRILLIANT /-a*- 


LSMME i 
h THAT.' 


* I SOMETIMES THEY DO K 
f |that SO YOU CAN FILL 
! IN WHATEVER 1 — ■> * 


f [YOU V6ANT 




BEETLE BAILEY 

I x WAbfT MY A I KNOW/ 1 KNOW/ 



ANDY CAPP 

NCU WOtADNTBBJB/E J 
A&OKE COULD be so^ 
BAFT, WOULD YOU, IWJ*t ? 


DON'T BE LI KE THA T, FLO. ’ 
WE'RE ALL DIFFERENT. HE 
fS WHAT HE fS -SOv— 
JUST AOCEFT IT... ) 


VYELLSAIO, 
•7 MISSUS v' 


NATURE NEVER BUJNDWS. 
FLO -WHEN SHE MAKES j 




WIZARD of ID 




f VIP YOU > 
em 7 mjkk 
HOW MANY &T& 
&mup th&Fi 

uv»s& W 
cweM-i 

. I 


' OH ' 

TWP 

Gom m 


OH ' 
COMPAQ 
WltorP . 


..zoWgah ^ 

IN W&N&22 . 


.;. V" , 


■ t i”r 


REX MORGAN 


BRADY, DARLING 
—l HAVE GOOD 


NEWS ' I'M COMING BE THERE IO , 
HOME TONIGHT ' MY l PICK YOU UP! 
FLIGHT ARRIVES AT 
TEN YOUR TIME ! B 


W """* "“^IIS IT OKAY IF 1 MAKE AN 
WONDERFUL, 1 APPOINTMENT FOR YOU WITH 
CLAUDIA, I'LL ILL. DR- /MORGAN T _ 


YES/ I SUPPOSE THAT'S THE 
O ONLY WAY TO CONVINCE YOU 
\ THAT I'M IN GOOD HEALTH/ 






asd*- 


GARFIELD 


> GOOD . 
MORNING, 
S OON j 


HMMPH 


SMACK! 

. A. 


m FEELING GOOF A0OUT 
} TOPAV 60 DON'T BURST 
L MV BUBBLE, OKAV? ^ 


|jiX* pwvfls 



Wbrid Stock Markets 


Via Agence France- Presse May 30 

Qaung prices in local currencies unless otherwise indicated. 


Tote end Lvfe 454 

Twm 26a 

Thorn EMI 444 

Tj.Group 24B 

Trotoloor Hse 364 

THF 141 

Ultramar 226 

Unilever c 1111/3211' 
United Biscuits 189 

Vickers 293 

Vtoolworth BOS 


ABN 

ACF Hoktlns 

Aeonn 

AKZO 

AhoW 

AMEV 

AVam ttutsser 
Amro Bonk 
BVC 

Buell rmonn T 
Calond Hldo 
Elsovter-WDU 
Fokker 

GKi BroccKkn 

Hdneken 

Hoosovens 

KLM 

N o orrton 
Nol Nedder 
Ncdllava 

Oce Vender O 
Pa* hoed 
Philips 
Rabeco 
Rodamco 
Rollnco 
Rarento 
Hovel Dutch 
Unlhrver 
van Ommeren 
VMP Stork 
VNU 


Hoeseh 

Horten 

Husacl 

IWKA 

Kail + Salt 

Karstodt 

Kaufhat 

Kioeckner H-O 

Ktaackner Werk* 

KruspSfaM 

Unde 

Lufthansa 

MAN 

JAonnovnann 

MwenchRuMJc 

Nlxdorf 

PKI 

Porsche 

Preussoo 

PWA 

RWE 

RfMrinmetall 

Scherlno 

SEL 

Siemens 

ThYsseti. 

Vebo 

VoikswoBenwark 

Weiio 


io9 in 

170 178 

287 295 

317 30450 
244 26550 
2X 230J0 
237 240 . 

258 252 

7050 7050 
70450 H25JS . 
451 448 

177 194 

16550 144 

14750 14050 
7378 7340 , 
587 59250 1 
418 627 

1230 12X 
27350 275 

741 139 i 

167 147 

311 312 , 

468 467 1 

356 355 

55750 SSS , 
104-50 1DZJ0 I 

19250 19030 
24640 244J0 
594 583 


Nedbonk 
Pres Stern 

RlXSPlOt 
SA Brews 
SI Helena 
Sow! 

West HokKno 


Ciese Pro* | 
1380 1355 
S500 5350 
1685 1790 
B10 810 

3700 3625 
485 190 

4300 4300 


F.T.X Index : WUO 
Previous ; 999.19 
F.T3.E. M0 Index ; U1UI 
Previous : 131100 


Caki Storage 
DBS 

Fraser Neove 
How Par 
Inaicapo 
Mol Banking 
OCBC 
OUB 

OUE 

Shqnprt-ia 
Sftne Darbv 
S'poto Land 
STPore Press 
SSteanishlp 
SITradlno 
United Oversee 
UOB 


Compaslle Stock Index : U3U0 
Provlam: H28JI 


AAOotp 
A llled-Lvons 
Anglo Am GoW 
Ass Brit Foods 
Ass Dairies 
Barclay* 


Commerzbank tedax : 132159 
Pravloui : 1S18J8 


ANP.CBS General Index : 21850 

Previous : 21880 


Bm ott ’la 


Arbeo 

Bekoert 

Cockerlll 

Coteaa 

EBE5 

GB-lrmo-BM 

OBL 

Gevosrt 

HotMken 

Intercom 

Kredlotbank 

FefroHno 

SocGcneroie 

Soli no 

Sotvav 

TrocfHxj Elec 

UCB 

unero 

VieiMe Montoora 



Bk East Asia 
ammo Kong 
Chino Cos 
aUnaUoht 
Green Island 
Hang Sato Bank 

■ i— isr.i.n 
nCWTlWl 

hk Electric 
HK Really A 
HK Hotels 
hk Land 


HK Shong Bank 
HKretapftone 
hk Voumalei 
HKWtnri 
Hulch WMfflfH 
Hyson 
mricitv 
jardlne 
JordineSec 
Kowloon Motor 
Miramar Hoiei 
New World 
Orient Overseas 
5HK Props 
Stetu* 

SwtrePoeHtcA 
TolCtwune 
woh Kwona 
Wheelack A 
Wine On Co 
Wlnsar 
WorM Inti 


9*ro *t sroct rode* : 2349JT 
Previous ; 23058 


Fraakhn 


AE6-T ctetunfcen 
Allianz vers 
Altana 
BASF 


Bav Hypo Bank 
Bovver* iKfcank 

BHP-Bonk 

BMW 

Cntnmerznank 
Coni Gummi 
Daimler -Bara 

Oeouuo 

Deutsche Babcock 
Deutsche Bank 
Drotkkier Bank 
ghh 

Hanaener 

Hochtief 

Hoechst 


154 15550 
1248 1289 
353 35B 

2J7JO 378J0 
22BJD229J0 
3445034150 
355 348 

214 21550 
315 3UJ 
385 38450 
19450 19150 
140 IX 
801 77250 
34550 346 

1415? 1*1 

533 513 

22750 256.70 

154 152 

33150 331 

„330 507 

234 JO ZB 


Hoag Sene Index : 
Prrvtoui i B97JI 


BAT. 

Beectmm 

BlCC 

BL 

Blue Circle 
BOC Group 
Boots 

Bovrater Indus 
BP 

Brit Horae St 
Brit Telecom 
Brit Aerospace 
Briton 
BTR 
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Cable Wireless 
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Commercial U 

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CourtoukH 
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De Beers* 
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Freest Ced 
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GenAcdaeni 

gkN 

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Grand ASet 
GRE 
Guinness 
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lCI . 

imperial Grain 
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LondSeciurities 
Legal General 
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LonrhO 
Lucas 

Marks and So 
Metal Box 
Mid la na Bank 
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PandO 
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Prudential 
Rocoi Elect 


ST4M 314V6 
197 197 

S88 589 

222 270 

IX IX 

379 379 

S59 559 

30B 313 

231 230 

37 37 

xi sn 

309 307 

19S 194 

248 270 

S2S 524 

308 306 

197 197 

* 393 

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364 363 

285 285 

550 540 

157 157 

116 IBS " 

224 222 

542 539 

144 145 

423 426 

542 543 

289 391 

QS%> S£5W> 
368 J43 

JM’A S26 

182 182 

595 5«3 

225 220 
1245/641235/64 

303 303 

6ftS 693 

267 246 

855 860 

232 231 

427 431 

779 771 

186 187 

2 U 271 

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iral 685 678 

569 572 

174 175 

306 306 

ir ix 

413 408 

349 352 

667 *47 

361 Ml 

300 300 

148 148 

661 653 

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Banco Comm 
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i Times Ind 
HK : 816.92 


Ind loan : 817.U 


Montedison 

Olivetti 

Plrolir 

Ra5i 

Rbiascenle 

51 P 

5ME 

5nla 

Stenda 

Slot 



AGA 

AMa Lava! 

Men 

Astra 

Attos Copco 
Bouden 
Electro tux 
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Esselie 

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Smb-Scania 

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Skansko 

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183 M2 
339 329 

440 435 

TO 112 
195 192 

276 275 

307 XI 
380 375 

147 143 

193 194 

N.Q. — 
345 365 

98 90 

218 2T6 

206 304 

217 215 


Aftaenvaerldcn 1 
I Previous : 87249 


MIB Currant index : 1354 

Previous : lass 


AECI 

Anglo American 

Anglo Am Gold 

Barlows 

BJyvoer 

Buftels 

De Bears 

Drt e fonwtn 

Elands 

GFSA 

Harmony 

Hivoia Sleet 
KlOOf 


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3835 2800 
17300 17500 
1220 1225 
1375 1375 
8200 8050 
l«es 1075 
5023 5000 
1750 1740 


RundtanteJa 51031b nojto 


Rank 
Reed Inti 
Rmitera 


353 353 
504 582 
368 371 


MSB 2800 
465 445 

7825 7800 


Roval Dutch C 4437/64 64% 

rfz a? sn 

Sootehl 673 <30 

SotnsBurY X8 328 

Saora HoWbNrs 97Vs 94VS 

Shell 693 696 

STC 172 172 

Std Chartered 477 474 

Sun Alliance 458 458 


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AlsftnmAtl. 
Av Dassault 
Banco! re 
BIC 

Burtsrain 

Bouvpubb 

BSN-GD 

Carrofour 

Chargeurs 

aubMed 

Darhf 

Dumez 

EH-AaullahM 

Europe? 

Gen Eoux 
Hoehotio 

Urfargocoo 

Leorand 

Lesieur 

rorcal 

A6a liell 

Metro 

Merlin 

Mtehetln 

Moot Hmntssv 

Moulinex 

Occidentals 

Pernod Rtc 

Perrier 

Petreies(tH) 

Peugeot 

Pr Ir temps 

Rodloiethn 

Redaute 

Rowel geterf 

Sanofl 

5kis ftcoslgnol 
Totemecon 
Thornton CSP 


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□ ANi 

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BHP 

Boral 

i * 3 Bougainville 
m Brambles 

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2690 gaHtoiandOool 

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2003 

AUOrdHtaries mdex 
W previous : S7U0 

276 ■ 


2*1 2S7 

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U4 632 
328 328 

227 m 
370 372 

514 510 

372 372 

212 214 

6% m 
275 275 
215 217 

298 3 

158 160 

2 2 

220 340 

296 3T2 

190 238 

440 448 

760 NX 

m na 
m sea 

4X1 432 

408 410 

164 162 

SB0 581 
25 25 

190 NA. 
403 401 

423 <30 

mo iaa 


ApHI Index : 222J2 
Prevleos : 22141 
CAC Index : 23248 
Previous : 23648 


II 

vat Aiod 

i»45 AMhlCham 
AsoWGhna 
Bonk of Tokyo 

2490 Bridgestone 
5 m Canon 
Caste 

Cimti 

Dal N logon Print 
Oaten House . 
Da] wo Securities 


401 410 

V V 

S! B 
1200 1200 
1660 1660 
428 428 

row ton 

645 642 

8*7 857 


books 


GREASY LAKE 
AND OTHER STORIES 


. _ _ - The O^tWWt 

Sov.« Vnica: mcAto- 


By T. Coraghessan Boyle. 229 pages. 
$16.95. 

Viking Penguin Inc ^ 40 W. 23d Street : 
NewYork,$.Y. 10010. 

. Rcviewed by Michiko Kakutani 

OM£ OF YOU win'be shocked b>' what J 
O report here, others moved.” says one of 
T; Coraghessan 1 Boyle’s narrators, by way of 
prefacing his story about a torrid love affair 
between Dwight. D. Eisenhower and Khru- 
shchev’s wife; Nina. “Still others — the inevita- 
ble, naysayers and skeptics — may find it 
difficult to believe. But before you tum a deaf 
ear, let me remind you how unthinkable it once 


iransuiun& ^ e| y n ,pn: meain- 

into the ^ Cisenhojfcr 

rions on such teA ^ Johnson 

and the Hues singer • . tpuh; and 

lively ' ra “ fcm ;i^.fSa 1 ntm!rorir. Me.^' 
there are filinc fS tha i they rmgjii 
funny and ao* 1 ^ w'judt as skeiuh- 

have been written by E'Chn i « „ . * 

« for thet old “Saturday Night / ■ 

In “On for the 

ordinary fellow; gisen ‘ PJ Montana, pur- 


rubbing alcohol). t J l ^L KLrc< j for the 


ear, let me remind you how unthinkable H once appenMc«™^ n j hospital an: a. *»«- 
seemed to credit rqxnts of Errol Flynn s flina* day when dociors ana m ^ ^ in Ws 1( g. 
don with Nazis and homosexuals. FDR’s 30- JPSiiw ■‘slad w have escaped the 

year obsesrimtWith Lucy Mercer, or Ted Ken- Bayard to* *w» J?K£Snaedf pea«&» 
nedy's over^nasfering desire for an ingenuous Gwnorrahof ih< c ‘j.^bor. il lums ouL is wu 

ramrwTim' wnHrer nine his itimor. The shOIt-lived: hlS MC ‘ _i„_ mMiiacwkh 


year obsesrion with Lucy Mercer, or Ted Ken’ 

nedy's oversnastering desire for an ingenuous . iC 

campaign- woriter nine years his junior. The but also a maniac with 

mthisof ten hard to swaUow" only a fellow sumvaUst^ " 

Some time in the 1960s, as Norman Mailer an aversion »^“ ren ' u,d ■ t 

oace observed, reality b^an airpassing fiction particular, Bayara s. hmodi^ 

in terms of incongnnty, inventiveness and just Many of Boyle s stones ««« 
plain strangeness: what novelist could have pintcr^que atmosphere ol nieiuw- 
thought up the Vietnam War, say - or imag- and blood percolate throughout to* jawiecngi. 

ined Watergate and its ensuing dramas? To often surfacing in especially c.n^^ “SP 

cope with histoiVs crazed acceleration, some — a poisoned dog. tearing out its own g . 

wniers retreated into their psyches; Gibers bloaied body fifating upside down «n . 

started to apply heavy doses of black humor like, a kidnapped child with its tongue «PPv“ 

and surrealism to ihck fiction, coming up with ouL What saves the darkest tales from Dccoin- 

truly bizarre reinventions of the reality around ing morWdlv grotesque is Bwfc s tniecn«|s, 

thei • . ^reical humor? He possesses a deliciois senwe 

of the absurd: aiw he is also a J™. J>,e T j™ 
overstatement and hyperbole. One of his ‘•hdr- 
acterS' describes the loss of hts car keys m < a 
tactical error, as damaging and trrevereiote tn 


T.O- WHEN SHE MAKES 7 Z-\ 

- ATWfrSHE S -s 

R6AUYMEANS rf\ 5 * 


UlteUft, 

Boyle, dearly, belongs to that latter group; 
and in this, his second collection of stones, he 
uses his se eming ly limitless capacity for inven- 
tion and a gift for nimble, hyperventilated 
prose to delineate his heightened vision of the 
world. In these stories, as in his two previous 
novels (“Water Music" and “Budding Pros- 
pects”), fairly ordinary events have a way of 
snowballing, melodramatically, out of control: 
a baseball game goes into inning after inning, 
apparently never to end; a group of punked- 
out teen-agers go out cruising for excitement 
and discover real death and destruction; a huge 
fiock of starlings settle in a farmer’s orchard — 
and refuse, (ike their relatives in Hitchcock's 
movie “The Birds," to ever leave. 

Thoiigh the tales share Ihe autho's distinct- 
ly manic voice, a voice pitched just this side of 
hysteria, they , remain remarkably eclectic in 
form, disparate in subject matter — a testa- 
ment to both Boyle's range as a storyteller and 
to the reach of his ambition. There are rework- 


tactical error, as damaging ana inocraoKHi 
its way as (General Wham] Westmorelands 
H^ciXn : tiwtifc in at Khe Sanh:” and a 


Solution to Previous Puzzle 


menn Hannan aana 
EESHH nOClHEI 
coananaaanrinann 
BEDBHaaEa aansa 
QQ3 [DH 130 

□nanaa naaa ana 

nEDQ OQDHH lino 
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qdd OHHaa naan 
hbo anaa Qaoaao 
omnia □□□ 
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DCQ0m0oam0ao30n 
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PE0P 0300C 0300 


iU Wily ao lVfVuviiM — - 

decision to dig in at Khe Sanh: and a poltfi- 
pi«n refers to nis aides as “a bunch of young 
Turks and electoral strongrarm men wqp 
widded briefcases like swords and hod politi- 
cal ambitions akin to Genghis Khan's." ) 
“1 was over dramatizing," says the narrator 
of “Two Ships," speaking on Boyle’s benjflf. 
“For effect Overdramatizine because humor 
resides in exaggeration, and humor is a qurck 
cover for alarm and bewilderment ’ 

The story of two childhood friends who 
grow up and grow apart "Two Ships" reraams 
one of the weakest entries in this collection. Its 
narrative — which details how one friend be- 
came a Marxist radical, while the other became 
a well-heeled suburbanite — is pat and con- 
trived. refusing to penetrate bentsuh the sur- 
face details of its heroes' lives. Indeed Bop: 
tends to substitute cleverness for-felt emotion, 
one-linos Cor. sustained comedic effects —he 
seems more comfortable making jokes or daz- 
zling the reader with verbal pyrotechnics, titan 
working through the consequences of his char- 
acters' actions and beliefs. 


Most of the time, though, the reader doesn't 
notice —so vigorous and alluring is Boyle’s use 
of language. Capable of shifting scales from 
the lyrical to the vernacular, the literary to the 
mundane without the slightest strain, he can 
conjure up. with equal facility, the adrenalized 
atmosphere of a baseball augout, the snide 
posturings of teen-age rebels, the cocktail-pdr- 
ty chatter of East Side BberaJs,' 


MicfUko Kokutani a on the staff of The Sfbi 
York Times. ^ - 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscocc 


O N the diagramed deal. 
North and South were 
able to play a game contract 
from the better side of the ta- 
ble because they use the Preci- 
sion System. 

One dub was strong and ar- 
tificial, and West's double 
showed length in the two ma- 
jor suits. East bid three spades 
pre-emptively, but South made 
a take-out double and raised to 
game when his partner bid 
four dubs. He was influenced 
by the fact .that (he artificial 
opening made him the declarer 
and protected him against a 
damaging heart lead. 


West led the spade ace and 
continued with the' queen. 
South ruffed with the trump 
queen and followed' with, the 
dub ace and the diamond ace. 
He then led his small trump id ' 
the dummy and led the re- 
maining diamond. The bid- 
ding and play suggested that 
West’s distribution was 5-5-2- 
1, so South held his breath and 
finessed: If East began with 
four diamonds, he was a2-to-i 
favorite to have the queen. 
When the finesse succ e e d e d, 
the rest was easy. A heart was 
thrown from dummy on the 
diamond king, and a diamond 
ruff established the last dia- 
mond and provided another 


heart discard. The defense col- 
lected One hetirt trick, and 
South had his comracL 


NORTH 

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Full Photo 
Fulltsu 
Hitachi 
Hitachi CaM* 


Tar— to Mar 30 1 

Canadian stacks via AP 


Woh Law l 


Japan Air Lines 
Kaflrna 
Kansoi Power 
KawaiaRI Steal 
Kirin Brewery 
Komartu 
Kubofu 
Kvocora 
Matsu Elec tods 
Matsu Elec Works 
Mitsubishi Bank 
Mitsubishi Cham 
Mitsubishi Elec 
Mitsubishi Heavy 
Mitsubishi Cara 
Mitsui and Co 
MIMufcOSfrf 
Mitsumi 
NEC 

NGK Insulators 
NHdeoSec 
Nippon Kogaku 
Nlroon Oil 
Nlpotu Steal 
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MmuraSee 

Olympus 

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Sharp 

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SMnotw Chomlcof 
Sony 

Sumitomo Bank 
Sumitomo Ch*m 
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Totoel Cora 
Taliho Marine 
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TDK 
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Tokyo Elec. Power 
Tokyo Marine 
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TOW ind 

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13731 AH Energy 
500 Alta Nat 
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47642 Balk BC 

30655 Bank NS 

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Mdcei/DJ. lades ; 1Z79&27 
P re rt o us : 13767.17 
New index : MMB7 
Previous : 997 


1SJ6 16 +V6 

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17 37 

i» im + uk 
66 66 


330 320 

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SBC Index .- 45? JO 
Prevteue:45SJ0 


NA: nor ouateo; na: not 

available; xd: RKUvidend. 


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L. " . . 









INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 


Page 23 


l! *• 

'• *fc‘ 
'J-L. . 


... \ _ 
ycM* 


SPORTS 


Celtics 9 McHale: 
A Man to Watch 




By Sam Goldapcr 

New York Tima Serna 

NEW YORK — “Ask any coach,” says Chock 
Daly of the Detroit Pistons, “and he’ll tell you that 
the first thing on any Celtic scooting report is to . 
watdi out for McHale, not Larry Bird.” 

That shfinM no t h« qnr pTfqng , AftCT fonriB W fift* 
ere playoff seasons, Kcvm McHak, the 6-foot-10- ■ 
inch (2.08-meter) forward who cams SI millio n a- 
ycar, has emereed as amriar force in the Boston 
Celtics’ bid to become the first team since 1969 to 
repeat as National Basketball Association champi- 
on. 

McHale was recently raminfl the: hart shclh mao 
in the league for the second straight season, bathe' 
is starting now and making life unseeable far ' 
opp onents 

Since he became a starter on Feb. 18, when 

CedricMaxwefl underwent arthroscopic fence sa-r r • _ OMm-un 

gezy, McHale has forced Oppo sin g teams to alter. Kerin McHale 

their tfwnVmg Toelomt of ranging nmtrfwm pnjb- . 

tens midway through the first period, as'he had - "The primary" problem McHale presents,” said 
Maxwdl, he is now doing it from the Hubie Brown, coach of the New York Knicks, “is 


i 


k.. * 

4 


•v ; - " - 

“ ' 


"The primary problem McHale presents,” said 

r iiKi#- Pniiui i rauirti nf th» M»mVn4- V HL, 




with the second game of thefonr-of-seven game 
c3uaqHcnshtp to be played Thursday njght, the 
problem of whom to match against McHale be- 
longs to Fat Rfley, coach of the Los Angeles 
Lakes. McHale scored 26 points as the Celtics 
-won the first game, 148-114. 

Eariier in the season, while Mdlale was piling 
up 56 .points against the Pistons, Daly tried slew- 
ing him down with three players fronting him. 
When that failed, he hnmcdfy called a timeout and 
devised a defense to double-team him with a 
gnard. That failed, and-faDed *» g»m when tbe 
Celtics and Pistons met in the playoffs. 

He was equally tough against the Philadelphia 
76ers in the Easton Conference championship 
series. Thar coach, Bifiy Pnrnwi^ham ) triad put- 
ting 6-9 Bobby Jones on Mm, then 6-6 and 250- 
pound Charles Baridejr 'and 6-10 Moses Malone. 
McHale averaged 212 points and 11.2 rebounds 
far the five games. 

Asked after a recent practice about the difficul- 
ties he posed, McHale replied, "I press it doem’t 
matter much who guards me. More than likely, I . 
will stfflret my points.’' Then, after a laugh, he 
added, ‘The smaBer the gay, the better.” 


.■yrgure.Tr 


is rmposs- 
100 k, he is 




yer with an abundance of 
offensive moves. His fadeaw 

We to stop, and along with r 

extremely strong in his power moves!” 

When the Celtics, who had the first and 13th 
choices in (he draft, decided they did not want 7- 
fbot JoeBany Carroll as the top draft choice, they 
traded their dunces to Golden State for Robert 
Parish and the Warriors’ first-round choice, die 
third over alL Red Auerbach, the Celtics? presi- 
dent, then waited nervously as the Warriors took 
Carroll and the Utah Jazz selected Darrell Griffith. 
- He then chose McHale. 

The addition of Parish and McHale, coupled 
withBird, who came the previous season, made the 
Celtics’ front line arguably die best and the most 
feared in the league. 

. Does McHale prefer being a starter to being the 
league’s top sixth man the last two seasons? 

doesn’t matter whether I start or corned the 
bench,” he said. “It doesn’t change the things I do 
or my playing time:” 

Starter or sixth man, a banner at the Boston 

Garden i hiririg ft game g g^hwttlwICniHffiftiirHw- in 

the season, said it best It read; "Thank Heaven for 
Kevin.” 





TT " 2 




< w- : 


. .... -x 



over Blaine WHlenborg daring 


over the first match point in Iris 6-1, 6-3, 6-0 victory 
y’s match in the second roimd of the French Open. 


Teltscher, Rinaldi 
Upset; Other Seeds 
Win in French Open 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispairhrs 

PARIS — Teen-ager Andrei 
Cbesnokov, the first Soviet man to 
play at the French Open tennis 
championships for 10 years, Thurs- 
day produced the biggest upset so 
far in men’s singles by eliminating 
eighth-seeded Euot Teltscher of the 
United Stales in the second round. 

And in an upset in women’s sin- 
gles, teen-ager Rafaclla Reggi of 
Italy beat Kathy Rinaldi of the 
United Stales. 6-2, 6-0. 

But Martina Navratilova, (he 
women's No. 1 seed and defending 
champion; Ivan Lendl last year’s 
men's singles winner; veteran Jim- 
my Connors, still seeking his first 
singles title in this tournament, and 
Hana Mandlikova. the women's 
No. 3 seed, easily advanced. 

Earlier in the day, Joakim Nys- 
trom of Sweden, on the brink of 
elimination, completed a hard- 
fought, five-set victory over Mike 
DePalmer of the United States. 

Chesnokov, 19. ranked 307th in 
the world and playing his first ma- 
jor tournament, advanced through 
the qualifying competition and the 
first round without dropping a scl 
He defeated Teltscher, 5-7, 7-5, 6-3, 
6-4. 

“I just knew his name and had 
seen him on television.” Chesnokov 
said. "I wasn't sure of myself at the 
beginning of the match, but gradu- 
ally I got confidence and m the 
middle of the first set ! thought I 
began to play welL” 

Cbesnokov is only fifth in the 
Soviet national rankings and is the 
first Soviet man to play at Roland 
Garros since Alex MetrevellL Al- 
though in experienced, he played a 
calm and sure match and kept his 
nerve well in the crucial fourth set. 


OUers 9 Tikkanen Is a Real Ringer Chisox End Blue Jays’ Winning Streak 

By Malrnlrn Moran season. If a player is injured in the playoffs, the . 

New YarL Thna Service roster dlODS QOm 12 tO 1L Only When reduced tO 8 ConytM by Oar Staff Fran Daptidm MetS 4, GtftOtS 3 


By Malcolm Mown 

New York TLna Service 

NEW YORK — hi accordance with the rides 
and regulations of has new league, The Ringpr wore 
a hdmet far his first appearance with theEdmtm- 
too Oilers. For Es&.Txuanen, this was aveiy good 
thing far two reasons. 

-Tbe helmet served to conceal the impromptu 


Hockey League rookie initiation rite that is not 
usually observed during the championship round 
of the Stanley Cnp playoffs. If the Three Stooges 
had survived long enough for Curly to get a pnnk 
flat top instead of a raonded crew cot, he would 
have had a remaritabk iescmblaflcc to Tikkancn. 

The hdmet may also have lengthened a career 
when Tikkanen, 20, a left wing from Finland who 
speaks in mechanical En glish, frit a slide demon- 
strate North American sign Taimiage for the 
phrase “upside die head.” HQs professional career 
could certainly use some lengthening, although it 
might not go mach farther tins season. His Oilers 
had a 3-1 lead in the best-ofcevrii series when they 


pened to Tikkanen: He signed a contract with the 
OQcrs, who inroposedly needed a Eft after their 
offense was staled in the loss to.FhiladeWna. in 
Game L He was placed on a Hue with Wayne 
Gretzky and Jari Kurd, the center and tbe nght 
wing with the highest qneseascaijori totals for 
each pootion in the history -of me He 
joined that fine for Game 2 after the Otters had 
played 80 regular-season games and 14 in the 
playoffs. Hie got his haircut,. and «»n«»H hhnsrif 
Mr.T. He added a sense rtf international intrigue to 

the r hamp jnrrebrp 

lnaginetiieBo8tonCdticsimvieflmga20-year- 
cld forward at the start of the National Basketball 
Association finals to play alongside Lany Bird 
Imagine the Detroit Tigers throwing a brand-new 
20-year-old catcher into the Worid Series. - 

They wouldn’t They couldn’t. 

NBA rosters arc frozen at tbe'sjd of tbe regular 


season. If a player is injured in the playoffs, tbe 
roster drops from 12 to 1 L Only when reduced to 8 
players can a twim petition, for a replacement. 

Baseball rosters for postseason play arc deter- 
mined Aug. 3 L The league presidents may approve 
a replacement for the league diampionsmp series 
in (he event of an injury; but not once the series 
have begun. Before me Worid Seriia, an injury can 
cause tfie commissioner to authorize a replace- 
ment. An injured pitcher must be replaced by 
another pitcher, 3 oonpitdier by nhonpitcher. : 

Then there is Tikkanen, a fourth-round draft 
choice in 1983 who was the most valuable player of 
the junior wodd championships last year aod 
played for the Finnish national team this year. Tbe 
Oilers placed him on their reserve list in time to 
meet the March 12 deadlmR for playoff eligibility. 
The reserve list may indude as many as 80 players, 
mdudriig 50 professionals, and a team can draw 
from it at any time. He came from Finland less 
than two weeks ago, practiced with the Oilers' 
extras, traveled to Fbfiaddphia, and presto. 

At the end of the Oilers' 3-1 virion' in Game 2, 
in which he had two shots on goal Tikkanen had 
already met the requirement to have his name 


Hehad nothing to say at afl. “I told him not to. talk 
to anybody.” said Glen Sather, tbe Oilers’ coach. 
“Let's go,” Tikkanen said. ■ 

“Cany my bags,” Sather said. “Let’s go, rook- 
ie.” 

The coarii was just kidding. The rookie reached 
into a cooler, stuffed a bottle of beer into the 
pocket of his sportcoat, and wort out into the 
North American night, doing the Curly Shuffle. 

■ Flyers’ Lindbergh Out of Playoffs 
Pdle Lindbergh of the Philadelphia Flyers, the 
NHL's most successful goal tender this season, will 
miss the remainder of the Stanley Cup finals with a 
tom tendon in bis rightknee. The Associated Press 
reported Thursday from Edmonton, Alberta. 


Compiled by Ovr Staff From Dupaicha 

CHICAGO — The Chicago 
White Sox needed something to 
snap them out of the offensive hi- 
bernation during which they had 
batted just .167 during a seven- 
game losing streak. 

BASEBALL ROUNDUP 

They got it from Cariton Fisk 
and Ron Kittle, who hit four home 
runs and drove in all eight runs 
..Wednesday mghttobeat Toronto,- ■ 
8-5, and end the Bine Jays' eight- 
game winning streak. 

“It was nice to jump out ahead 
t onight, ” said Fisk, who drove in 
five nms with three hits and cele- 
brated his 16th career two-homer 
gamt “Our pitchers knew they 
didn’t have to shut somebody out.” 

Fisk’s first homer, his 10th this 
season, put the White Sox ahead, 1- 

0, in the second inning. Kittle, who 
had 35 and 32 homers, respectively, 
in his first two seasons, followed 
Fisk with just his third this year. 

A's4i,‘ngerc2 

In Detroit. Oakland wasted no 
time getting started — Dave Col- 
lins doubled off Milt Wilcox to 
open the same and scored on tbe 
first of Carney Lansfard’s two 
home runs. The A's got two mare 
nms in the fifth when Collins and 
Lansford homcred. 

Mariners 5, Orioles 4 
Seattle’s Darnell Coles blew a 
chance Lo drive home the winning 
! run in tbe ninth hming in Balti- 
more, striking out. But m the Ilth 


WorMSaiesNtmNightlinieTF^port 

The Aaodared Press 

NEW YORK — AD this year's World Series games will be played at 
night, says the commissioner of major league baseball Peter Ueber- 
roth, because the ABC television network has chosen to exercise a 
clause in its contract 

“ABC has the right to do that under the contract,” Ueberroth said 
following an owners’ meeting Wednesday, “and I told the owners Fve 
been informed that we’re going to have all night games.” He said the 
contract was signed while Bowie Kuhn was commissioner. 

. ABC’s-depaon could affect the Chicago Cubs if they reach the 
Wodd Series since their ballpark, Wrigley Field, has no lights. If the 
Cubs were to be in the World Senes, Ueberroth could order them to 
play their borne games elsewhere. 


he hit a bases-loaded sacrifice fly 
off Don Aase. 

Red Sox 7, Twins 0 
In Boston, pitching-poor Minne- 
sota lost its seventh straight. The 
Red Sox jumped on starter Frank 
Viola for three nms in tbe second 
inning and three in the sixth in 
support of Dennis Boyd’s five-hit- 
ter. Wade Boggs had three of Bos- 
ton's 12 hits and drove in three 
runs. 

The Twins have allowed 48 runs 
in the losing streak. 

Yankees 7, Angels 2 
In New York, Phil Niekro limit- 
ed California to two hits in winning 
his 290th gpme in the majors. 

Teammate Mike Pagliarulo, bat- 
ting just .191, homed off Tim Slaton 
in the fourth truiing then Omar 
Moreno, a .189 hitter, homered off 
reliever Urbano Lugo’s first pitch. 


Royals 6, Rangers 2 
In Kansas City, Missouri, 
George Brett hit a homer and a 
run-scoring single off knuckleball- 
ing ncme«os Charlie Hough as the 
Royals beat Texas and tied Califor- 
nia for first place in the AL West 

Brewers 7, Indians 2 
In Milwaukee, Jim Gantner 
picked himsdf up from a dust-off 
pitch by Don Schulze and hit a 
two-run homer in tiie fourth to help 
beat Cleveland. 

Reds 1, Cubs 0 

In the National League, Mario 
Soto pitched a two-hitter and Dave 
Parker delivered a sacrifice fly to 
beat Chicago in Cincinnati. 

Soto struck out nine and walked 
four in his first shutout this year. 
He allowed singles to Ryne Sand- 
berg in the first inning and to Keith 
Moreland in the fourth. 


Mets 4, Giants 3 
In San Francisco, Gary Carter’s 
two-nm double during a four-run 
eighth inning hdpea rally New 
York to victory. 

Braves 5, Cardinals 3 
Steve Bedroaan, Terry Faster 
and Bruce Sutter pitched a seven- 
hitter in Atlanta and Glenn Hub- 
hard drove in two runs to hdpbeat 
Si Louis. 

Astros & Pirates 3 
In Houston, Jim Pankovits* 
grand slam homer led to a seven- 
run seventh that doomed Pitts- 
burgh. Nolan Ryan pitched seven 
innings, giving up four hits and 
three nms, hot he has not lost to the 
Pirates since 1971. 

Expos 2, Paries I 
Andre Dawson led off the ninth 
inning in San Diego with his sev- 
enth homer this year and Montreal 
triumphed as rookie right-hander 
Tim Burke won his first major- 
league game. 

Dodgers 6, Phillies 1 
In Los Angdes, RJ. Reynolds 
drove in two runs and scored once 
to back the four-hit pitching of 
Ord Hershiser, who struck out a 
season-high nine batters. 

Philadelphia’s Mike Schmidt, 
nine times a Gold Glove at third 
base, was moved to first base for 
the game to make room for highly 
touted prospect Rick Schu. 
Schmidt said of his new position, 
“To be honest, the game seemed 
weird. It looked totally different.” 

(AP, UPI) 


“I thought that if I changed tnv 
game in the fourth set, a player of 
i Teltscher's experience would not 
; have pardoned any errors." he ex- 
plained. 

i Connors appeared relaxed and 
, confident, shaking off the occa- 
sional swirling wind that kicked up 
loose clay on center court as be 
rolled over Blain Willenborg of the 
United Slates. 6-1. 6-3. 6-0. Lendl 
stopped Jan Gunnarason of Swe- 
den, 7-6. 6-3. 6-2. 

Navratilova took just 49 minutes 
to oust Catherine Tanvier of 
France 6-0, 6-0, and Mandlikova 
beat Laura Garrone of the United 
States, 6-3. 6-0. 

Navratilova, asked if she thought 
about allowing her opponent to 
win a game, since Tanvier was play- 
ing before her hometown fans, re- 
plied: “Yeah, 1 thought it. but ! 
thought better." 

Heavily favored to repeat as 
champion. Navratilova has lost 
only Four games in the first three 
rounds. 

Rinaldi was the fourth seeded 
American to be ousted from the 
women's field as Reggi 19, moved 
into the fourth round, where she 
will face Navratilova. Rinaldi. 18, 
followed sixth-seeded Zina Garri- 
son. No. 12 Barbara Potter and No. 
16 Pam Casale to tbe sidelines. 

“The credit all goes to Raffi," 
Rinaldi said. “She played a perfect 
match. She made no errors and had 
an answer to everything." 

The Italian could have won even 
more emphatically. She had triple- 
set point to lake the first set at 6-1. 
And she lost two match points be- 
fore closing out the victory. 

Of her match against Navrati- 
lova. Reggi said: “I have never 
played her before, so I have noth- 
ing to lose." 

Connors remained hopeful of 
becoming the first American to win 
the French Open since Tony Tra- 
bertin 1955. 

“Anything can happen," he said. 
“The other guy could break a leg or 
serve 16 double-faults.” 

Nystrom. the No. 7 seed, lost the 
first two sets and was taken to a 
third-set tie breaker by DePalmer. 

But the Swede rallied to win, 3-6, 
1-6, 7-6 (7-4), 6-3, 6-4, in a second- 
round match that began Wednes- 
day. After three hours of play that 
evening, the match was halted be- 
cause of darkness with the score 3-3 
in the final set. 

When it resumed Thursday. Nys- 
trom needed only 13 minutes to 
advance into tbe third round. 

DePalmer, a bearded left- 
hander, said: “He started off slow- 
ly yesterday and I was able to take 
advantage. Today I tried to go out 
and play the same way, but he 
started off better. 

“Yesterday we played for three 
hours. Today we had to go out and 
get warmed up. loosened up all 
over again," said DePalmer, a for- 
mer Junior UJS. Davis Cup player. 

When the match resumed, both 
players held serve without surren- 
dering a point, then Nystrom held 
again toput pressure on DePalmer 
for the first time 

The American saved one match 
point at 14-40, but hit a shot long to 
go out of the tournament. 

Nysirom’s countryman, Stefan 
Edberg, found an easier route to 
the third round. The No. 14 seed 
beat Jakob Hlasek of Czechoslova- 
kia. 6-2, 6-3, 6-4. 

In other women's matches, No. 7 
Claudia Kobdc-Kilsch of West 
Germany, Debbie Spence of Cerri- 
tos, California, and West Germa- 
ny’s Sylvia Hanika gained the 
fourth round. (AP, UPI) 


rT-:*TT 7 T 


Baseball 


Tennis 


Wednesday’s Major Leagneline Soares 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
NDRBWHta - . MM JIM S O 

MtM . • at Ml «t»— 7 t2 • 

VMa Lvtmfcr (61 and Salas; Boyd and 
. AStman. W— Boyd. 54 L— Viola. W. 

‘ MHMM » ■ 

.wm* ■ Mttn.Nt-a.t'ft 

CodirotJ and Hoam; V. llcax. Bcrtr 15), Sc?»r- 
r»r (I). Lnpsz Wand PorrMv W— 

7. L— WHcssfrM HRs — Oakland. Lansford 2 
' (71. Cad Ini (3). Oatrott. Evans (U. 
Cafltenla MM N9-4 4 I. 

Mow York . Ml MV Me— T 13 1 

Staton. Um (4)> Carton in and Boone. 
Matron (Oj Nieknb Ban! (ft and Wvnmr. 
W-NMfSi *4 L— Staton. 43. Hte Mow 
York. PasHaruta 12}, Moreno (1). 

TOM WWSH 1 I 

Kamos City Ml Ml to— 4 * «. 

Houefi, Sdunldt (7), Stewart - (8) aid. 
‘ SkHMM,Bmnut)«r{tn ; Jackson. Quiaenberry 
(l> and Sandbars. W— Jocfcjon, 4-2. b— 
Hatch. 44 Sw- O otaonborry 08). HR— Kan- 
sas City. Brett (U. 

Major Leigne Standings 

AMERICAN UEAOUIT 
Hast OMstaa 

W L- PO. Oft 

' Toronto » U jta - • 

-SMrtft W 11_5n 4. 

&Hmof» 24 W JSS 4Va 

' now York 22 JO JBt V 

Milwaukee 20 22 M 6 • 

Boston 20 24 ASS 9 

■aov ol Bftd : li 3 JU 1M 

WMOMliH 

California 25 If. ‘ 

Kansas CJtr 8 It Jtt - 

Oakland 22 22 J00 3 

CMcooo an .21 mb 3ft 

Mhwosota 21 21 477 4 

Seattle 20 24 ASS 5 

TWtM. 16.29 J» 9» 

NATIONAL LNAOUE 
East HvMm ' 

W L Ptl oe 

MOW YOrft 3* IS Ai4 — 

Montreal 27 W JOO 1 

aiicaeD 2Sf-n.j9s.-m. 

SJUUMt \ 22 21 SIX 5- 

- JlmNWllo U 27 372: .11 . ' 

rWSMtfWl .ISM JM.n 

WWtOMsMa. 

SMDknm 25 19..J9S — . 

CJoofcwofl 24 21 jm 2W 

Hoeaion ' 34 2T- ~J» 

Loo An go l a * . 22 21 JM 4ft 

Alhmte 1ft 2S . JX9 71k 

Sen ^mocbco ’ It 27 J72 m 


.. tCSraeb Rwdior CO. 2adtry (SI. Carman 
,-tT) ana vtraH; -Henhter ana Stfosda. w—" 
HtnHoer, 54 jL-4COroM. J4 ' 




French Open 


Snamm «MM IV-6 IT t 

Bammoro M2 no m IO-4 12 l 

Bootfl«,Tliomo> C4L Numz tt). Vttido Boro 
19L Bat (9> end Scott. Kaaraay m; Olxoa 
Snon (li. TJHarttmz UI.'Ame C9). Stewart 
nUandBomm oKW B oK H.l A t m . 4-2. 
HRs— SeatUo,' Oavfai (4). Bammoro, RMnn 
(91. 

C Mw fc n d MM OM-S II 2 

M ll woakOI «* JTI 0 O»— 7 13 1 

SctHitn,Ttwm(won (4), Easterly (51, Bart- 
tayu].wwd«u(t]andBwtcaa:Bwrla.Glt>- 
aon (7}.and Moore. W— awnsj-4. L^-SdMitzo. 
-M.SV— OMHa-lSLHRs-MlIwaukoo, Mies 
(l ). Gartner. (D. 


Ctaocy, Loom (5L Lawlti (Bl, Acker (9) 
and Mankiez. mm («; Bums. Lofior (71. 
JomM (ft) and Hsk. W— Burnt. 64 L— 
<Uancy, Vi Sv Jamos (Bl. HRs— Toronto, 
MskHom (SlChlcBBn.'Fbkl.tllltKIII le 2 14>. 

- - - NATIONAL LftACUS 

CMOOBB. - . INHftliM 2 1 

Cltodi— U- - \ Ml MftMa—l 5 ft 

ftrttwen, Fonlnnt (J) and Lake; Soto end 
Knfcrty, VM Gordor 491. W— Soto, 7-3. L— 
Rullmn H 

- Now York , ftMftMMft— 4 6 1 

SwPmdics ". - Mo soo soi l H l 

LynduMi PB o mn (f) and Cartor; LaPoint. 
Davb (». canons (9],MMoa £9) and Tro- 
vhMiBfortvmw— {.vnavUL- DaVtat24 
Sy-MeOowoU.tU,. 

SUJMS ' - MftMlMft-9 T I 

Atterta. .. ftM m Ota-4 I 2- 

Tador.ADon £71 and NMo; BMrasian. For- 
star m. Sulfar m and BsnodlcL w-8adro> 

Stan. 2^. L— Tudor, L7.^v— SuttW (9).HRs— 
S-LootaYVan Shtko. (5), Hwr (1). Landrum 
-UJ..Ananta> Marshy (WJ. . 

P IHi b u r o ta- . IHMM-3 5 I 

Hoastaa. , 4HM1N-I H > 

Nftna. Krawczyfc- "(7L condataria (71. 
Gwanto (ft) and Orm; Ryan. DlPlrto IB) md 
Balloy. BMyasM L-KiwiMsyk.IV2.HR- 
Houstan, ^onkudts (2). . - 

MBaBrSal . ".. SOS SM MV— 3 5 0 

Saa Hoar - •••-.' sos sot ho— i 4 a 
HoskaMW'BarWnwitaartkm m VA FK*- 
sorold; OmvecW. URort* (l) and Bacttv. 
W— Bwticfcl-av-Lenerh.1.2. 5v— Reardon 
• 04). 4* 11 M s at ro ut Dawson 47). 


. MEWS SINGLES 
Second Rooad 

Ivan Lend! (2). CncSwshivaMa. dot Jon 
Gurmorssan, Sweden, 74 (74), 64 6-2; Jim* 
my Connors (3), ILS- def. Bloln wHlenborau 
u J- 6-1. 62> MU Anders Jarrvd (6). Sweden, 


Oof. Jaee Htaaeras. Sort n.64 646-1 ; Joakim 
Nystrom (7). Sweden, dot Mike DePalmer. 
UJL.3-6. 1-A 74 (7-4), 64 64: Mltostav Medr 
< 11 ), Czertosiovokia dof. DanJe vi sser. south 
' Africa. 61,64 6ft; Stefan Edbere (14). Sm- 
den. deL JdKab Hlasek. SwOzortond. 6Z 64 6 
4; Simon YouL AustroUa, dof. Eduardo Ben- 
aoedMO. Artontbia. 24. 7-4 74 (7-1), John 


Transition 


CLEVELAND— Placed VWi RutUa. BltctT- 
or.on Hm 16dav dlsoblad list. Called up Rick 
Baliomu.eltchaf'. from Maine of the Interna- 
tional League. Tnmoiorrwt Dave Van Orton, 
pltcmr, ftwn the IS to' 21 -day dbrtdc UsL 
Traded Johnnie LeMaster.shartstao, ta Ptltv 
burofi ter a Plover to Do ndmed later or casta. 

NEW YORJC— Readied Andre Rotawtson. 
Wwrtstop. from Cotumbusofttio International 
League. Optioned Rex Htidlor, kUMdOC, to 
CoMntWK. 

SEATTLE— SJaned Chris Mtllor. InfleWer, 
and asslanad hhn to Betllngnam of tt» North- 
west Loobvo. 

NbKbbqI Lmbm 

CHICA GO -Announced That Gary Mat- 
thews. oatfleWer,- underwe n t knee sanacrv 
Wednesday -and hopes to'nHoto me team by 
July 1. 

NEW YORK— Optioned Rick AouUora. 
pftchec. to TMenoter of ftw lotefnattanal 

> Mime 

- BASKETBALL . 

Hatkwaf Baskatball AaRXkrton 

golden STATE— Signed Lorry Srofih. 
forward, and Tarty Teorte, ouanL to nraltl- 
year conlrady. . 

LA. CLI PPERS-Nomrt Cod Chaney coo- 
DLStaaed Carl Sd»er,simral manoflor, too 
mam-year contract. 

. FOOTBALL 
Natfamd Faotttoril Leaqmt 

DETROIT— Signed Mck Kone. nunkn 
back. 

N.Y. JETS— Waived Chuck Reanwv, port- 
er, and Femoral 8ufMM. cteferaive back. 

. PHILADELPHIA— Stoned Myron Dupree, 
safety; Albert^ Yuknus, kldter; KevtoGothrie 
wide receiver, and Brad SmlttMtotensive end. 

UafMd sadn Fooihatt Leoroe 

HOUSTON— Announced the ttftmHn of 
D-LMaefcoveti. Director of Public Rokrtons, - 
(eacaawi ftw poehlon of Dirocloref Media and 
Prtlle Relai ions tor the united States Olvm- 
Pte ComroMtoe T9ft* Motional SeerlS FssNvaL 
oRocHvo aMho end of the soaoa. . 

HOCKEY 

Naftoart Hockey Leapao 

MONTREAL— Sidled Jim NeSldV rioht 


wfna, to a teraeyear contract wilh an ortton 
for o fuuiUi 

M.Y. RANGERS— Announced that Ron 
Graschner, def e ns e man, underwent surnory 
W adn cM o y on hit left shoulder and will re- 
teifre 3-4 w eek s of recovery. 

, COLLEGE 

ARIZONASTATS—AnnomcedttJOtHBCrth- 
ar Farr, golfer, win bypass heir senior year Of 

eftolblDty la turn pro June 14 oiler dekmcOna 
tier . National PutaBc Links champlonslUP. 

CALIFORNIA STATE-NORTHRIDGE — 
Named Rod Raftey director of alMellc pro- 
motions. 

CAL STATE-FULLERTON— Named Ed 
Carroll athletic director. 

COLORADO STATE—NainBd Glen ScfMOb 
h n e e tirt l cock*, natactaf Ran Roney, who 
took a similar Mb with Cal StefoMarttirktoe. 

HO EXTR A A n n oun ce d the r estimation of 
Many Roylc, lacrosse coach, to becocne osiie- 
tant to the dtredor at athletics. 

MARI ST— Named Brian Coilearv atMMIe 
director. 

MONTEVALLO-Named Reft Strfvervbas- 

IcttfeeKl 

OHIO STATE— Named AnUe Griffin spe- 
cial aceUhnt to the dbveka* of rtMetlck. 

SOUTHWESTERN BAPTIST BIBLE COL* 
LEGE— Klrod Pool WestphaL termer Nation- 
al Basketball Association guard, as athletic 
amemr and aoskettan coach. 

VIRGINIAPOLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE— 
Named Lisa Bayer awletaDt women's basket- 
ball coach. 

XAVIER UNIVERSITY— Announced that 
Sfan KbnbrauBh. the nation’s third lead! no 
frartmoo basketball scorer lost mason of the 
UnlwersltvofCentral Florlda.haf transferred 
IB Xavier. Basketball Coach Bob 5 took on- 
. rounrod Ihrt Klmbrooph wffl sit mrt the 1985- 
fte season at a redstart ptoyer. 


Soccer 


. GUROPEAM CHAMPIONS’ CUP 
PINAL 

Jiwertw L UveroaoT a 


Frowtoy. Australia, def. Greg Holmes, UJL V 
6. 6-3, 34 64 6-2. 

Pool WeW n n m. Australia def. Jose Lopb- 
Masea Stwln,44 64 64; Heinz Gundharrif, 
Swttzerkuid, def. Rout vhrter, Ecuador. H6 
1.6-T.6-1 ; Martin Jol le. Ament tea def. Trevor 
AT on, Australia. 64 64 6ft; Cassia Motto, 
Brazil. Set HuracJ ode la PenaAraentina64. 
6ft, 64; Tarlk BenhoMlas. Franco, del John 
Lloyd. Britain. 64 62. 7-6 (741; Francesco 
Conc eU atM.ltolv.deL Roberto Sood. Araentl- 
no. 64. 64, 6ft; Jerome Poller. France, def. 
Lawson Dunam. UL 67 (2.7). 61, 61. 6ft; 
Andrei Chesnokov, Soviet Union, del. Eliot 
TetlKher (ft). UJL5-7, 74 63,64; Juan Aeul- 
Icra, Spain. def. Chris Lewis. New Zealand. *6, 
64, 61 7-5; Aaron KrlcWsteln I ID). U JL def. 
GwUlerrao Vilas. Argentina. 4, 34 61. 61 


WOMEN'S SINGLES 
Third Raced 

Martha Navratilova (1). UA.def. Cather- 
ine Tanvier, France, 64 6ft; Hana Mondr)- 
kflva Ul.CrectxBtovokkuJeL Laura Garrone, 
US*646e,-aaud!a Kohde-Kllsch (7). west 
Germany.det. Katerina Maleeva Butooria 6 
4.63; Debbie Spenra, LLS, def. Adriana Vllto- 
aim Argenlbta 64 61. 

Sylvia Hanika. west Germany, del Susan 
Mascorln. ujl 24 64 6ft; Anna Marla Cec- 
ch Ini, Italy, dot ChrislloneJofl ssolnL5w11zer- 
land. 7-4 5-7, 64; The Scheuer -Larsen. Den- 
mark. def. Kgttiy Horvath, Ui. 61, 44 61; 
RoHnello RegeL Italy, del. Kotnv RinoldL 16 
UJ.64 64 


Hockey 
Playoff Scorers 

The toe NattuMd Hockey Leooee ptoyafl 
scam tereogfi gomes of May U: 



G 

A 

P PIM 

Gretzky, Edmonton 

16 

27 

43 

4 

Cofiey. Edmonton 

10 

24 

34 

42 

SauanL OiIcdm 

9 

20 

29 

20 

Kuril, Edmonton 

» 

9 

27 

6 

Andman, Edmonton 

10 

16 

26 

16 

PStaNny, Quebec 

4 

19 

23 

24 

fMstOar, Edmonton 

10 

12 

22 

0 

Lonner, Chicago 

9 

13 

12 

14 

GouWL Quebec 

11 

10 

21 

17 

DaSuttec. Crtoago 

12 

7 

19 

12 

Murray. ClUcogo 

S 

le 

19 

24 

Huddv. Edmonton 

3 

15 

10 

17 

Pram, PMoMoMa 

1 

10 

17 

6 

Second, atfeoH 

7 

9 

16 

42 

Kerr, PiflladeipMo 

10 

4 

14 

U 

McKeanev.' Mhmetola 

6 

6 

14 

0 


Angry Cordero 
NoAngelNow 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Angel Cor- 
dero Jr. is bitter because Spend 
a Buck’s owner and trainer did 
not exercise their influence to 
enable him to ride in both (he 
Jersey Derby and Metropolitan 
Handicap last Monday. 

Cordero rode Spend a Buck 
to victories in tbe Cherry HOI 
MDe, the Garden Slate Stakes 
and the Kentucky Derby, three 
of the four races leading to a 
$16 million bonus for owner 
Dennis Diaz and trainer f-«m 
GambolatL They cashed it in 
when Spend a Buck won the 
Jersey Derby at Garden State 
Park under La/fit Pincay. 

“Pincay comes in and wins 
one and be gets all the money," 
Cordero said m Thursday's 
New York Post “I win three of 
the four and get nothing.” 

Had Cordero been aboard 
the winner, he would have re- 
ceived $260,000. But be was 
honoring a commitment in the 
Metropolitan at nearby Bd- 
mom Paii and, finishing third, 
received about $4,000. 

“Tbe Jersey Derby went at 
4:49 P.M. and the Metropolitan 
at 5:11." Cordero said. “All I 
needed was 35 minutes between 
those two races to make it” by 
helicopter. 

Cordero was named Wednes- 
day to replace Don MocBeth 
aboard Oners Crown in the 
Travers. IT Spend a Buck finish- 
es second in the Aug. 17 race at 
Saratoga, said Cordero, “HI be 
in from of him. If he finishes 
third. 111 he in front of him. I’ll 
be in front of him, that’s for 
sure.” 



SPORTS BRIEFS 


NBA Clippers Keep Chaney as Coach 

LOS ANGELES (AP) — - Don Chaney, who became interim coach of 
the Los /tagdes Clippers of tbe National Basketball Association follow- 
ing the dismissal of Jim Lynam on March 6, was selected as the team's 
coach Wednesday. 

“We have spent a considerable amount of time since the end of the 
season canvassing for a head coach,” said the general manager, Carl 
Scbeer. “It was decided that we had the very best coach available in our 
own backyard.” 

Football Player Rewards University 

BLACKSBURG, Virginia (AP) — Bruce Smith of Virginia Tech, 
winner of the Outland Trophy and the No. 1 choice in this years National 
Football League draft, presented the university with a $50,000 endow- 
ment Wednesday for a football scholarship in his name. 

Smith said the scholarship “is my way of repaying the university for all 
it has done for me." The 290-pound defensive lineman signed with the 
Buffalo Bills for a reported $2.6 million. 

Two Crosby Sons Are Not Moving 

SAN FRANGSCO (AP) —Nathaniel and Hany Crosby say they will 
be at the Pebble Beach course in California next year even though the 
famous Bing Crosby Pro-Am golf tournament bearing their late father’s 
name wifi be moved to North Carolina by his widow. 

“To continue a world-class affair anywhere else would be wrong. 
There’s only one Pebble Beach, one PGA Tour and one Crosby Pro-Am," 
Nathaniel Crosby, 23, told the San Francisco Examiner. “In the course of 
time, I hope we can convince Mom the tradition should be continued at 
Pebble Beach." 

His brother, Hany, 26, said “everybody wants it to be “the Crosby’ and 
thinks it shouldn't be tampered with.' 1 

League Fires USFL Express Coaches 

LOS ANGELES (UPI)— ^ The coat* of the Los Angela Express, John 
HadL confinned Wednesday that he and his entire coaching staff mil be 
fired by the US. Football League following the season. He said the 
decision had been made by the league commissioner, Harry Usher 
fill be afree agent after June 23 along with the rest of the staff "Harfi 
said. “We’ve been told they won’t pay our contracts after that" He and 
bos assistants have another year remaining on titer con tram, but it is 
considered doubtful that the USFL will honor the contracts. 

The Express has been financed by the other teams in tbe league since 
the start of the season, when the franchise’s third owner, Denver busi- 
nessman Jay Roulier, bailed oul It is estimated that by the end of the 
reason each owner in the league will have put about 5500,000 into the 

tXpfCS5 







Page 24 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1985 




» v 


OBSERVER 


The Pitfalls of Progress 


By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — Until recently, 
l have been embarrassed by 
my distaste Cor approximately 97 
percent of everything that passes 
tor progress. This was partly due to 
a reluctance to ally myself with 
mossbacks. 

There was also the age problem. 
Applauding whatever is called pro- 
gress is thought to be natural to the 
young, while deploring it is com- 
monly regarded as evidence of de- 
crepitude. Old fogies hate progress, 
supposedly. 

Yet, is it not dishonest to pretend 
a respect for progress simply be- 
cause of vanity, which deters you 
from conceding that in some mat- 
ters you see eye to eye with the 
slavers, while also encouraging you 
to try to pass for a youth? 

Obviously. Still, it was not a sen- 
sible intellectual analysis of nry po- 
sition that exposed its falsity tome. 
No. Logic, rational thought — 
these 1 avoid. They arc school 
sports, which lead only to the de- 
bating society, where young people 
arc conditioned to the foolish idea 

that w inning the argument is im- 
portant Winning the argument is 
Tor children; an adult is someone 
who has learned that winning the 
argument rarely has anything to do 
with getting results. 


what a depressing prospect pro- 
gress has given us. True, when you 
are in a hurry to cover immense 
distances , airplanes' are splendid. 
Except for the rich and expense- 
account classes in first class, 
though, air travelers* arc also sub- 
jected to discomforts and disci- 
plines, sometimes bordering on 
outrig ht bullying, that make most 
modem air travel little more allur- 
ing than cattle transport 
Here is atypical case of progress 
leading to barbarity, which is 
scarcely too strong a word to de- 
scribe the modem air travel Presi- 
dent Reagan's budgeteen say is all 
we can afford. 


When considering lurches back- 
ward toward the abyss like this one; 
I recall the president's 1984 cam- 
paign and its talk of the country 
standing tall once mare, of happy 
days being here again, of a better 
life that all would share. That cam- 
paign was boasting about progress, 
and its aftermath in the transporta- 
tion division — Stockman’s pre- 
scription of more pain and suffer- 


ing at the airport — typifies the 
of progr 


can 


"Getting results" — how / 
n thill phrase looks. How 


-how Ameri- 
: phrase Looks. How unem- 
barrassing to be in favor of “getting 
results." Here was the phrase that 
made it possible at last to put aside 
my fears, after all those years of 
faking a respect for progress, and 
speak from the heart Progress — - 
or at least 97 percent of wirat is 
called progress — is not only not 
progress; much of it is a disaster, 
and touch more of it a nightmare. 

To put it in more American 
terms, almost all progress gets ei- 
ther no results at all, or no results 
worth getting, or results so dread- 
ful, and often incurable, that life is 
blighted by them ever afterward. 

I started thinking about the “get- 
ting-results" test a few weeks ago 
when the federal budget director, 
David Sto ckman, lectured Con- 
gress on the wastefulness of having 
a government-subsidized passenger 
railroad system. Progress bad 
blessed ns now with airplanes, and 
buses and cars. 

Assuming Stockman is correct. 


customary aftermath of progress: 
to whit, pain, suffering, backward 
lurches toward barbarity. 

This is the same progress ( trans- 
portation division) that has made it 
almost impossible for Americans 
ever to experience the pleasure of 


crossing die oceans by ship, and to 
travel from work to tne 


i tract house 
in the ravaged wheat Geld without 
daily doses of noxious gases and 
hours of cultivating hatred for 
one's highway ndghbor. 

Now the usual youth w31 say, 
“So you wish you were living bade 
there in the good old days when 
surgeons had to take out your kid- 
neys without any anesthetic, do 


you 


V' 


Come off it, kiddies. I can see 
that 3 percent of progress is the real 
stuff, and a lot of that 3 percent has 
happened at the hospital On the 
otner hand, the hospital is also 
where progress has placed that in- 
sane computer that charges you 
$2.75 for an aspirin tablet 
At the hospital, too, progress can 
now keep your heart beating forev- 
er while you stare forever unblink- 
ing, u nfading, lintallring , imlmn w- 
ing, unraring at a point 5,000 miles 
away forever. That’s progress at its 
worst Worse even than air travel. 


New York Times Senior 


Putting ? Rich’ and f Poor ’Into Japan’s Vocabulary 

™ A .. — — — - 


By Christine Chapman 

T OKYO — Until Kaaihiro Watanabe 
wrote “KiatonkanT mast Japanese 
were content to believe that they belonged 
to the vast middle class, dialing standard 
aspirations and an average in c om e . 

f-a« July, Watanabe, a free-lance writer 
and illustrator, produced a 300-page book 
of sketphes and descriptions putting than 
in their place: mom-fan, rich, or marv-bi, 
poor. “Kinkonkan" was a best seller ami 
sold 420,000 copies by May. The book's 
key words, mam-kin and mam-bi, winch 
Watanabe coined from the standard ex- 
pressions to rich and poor, were chosen as 
the two best new words of 1 984 by “Gcndai 
Yogp no Kiso ChisUkT (Modem Words 


their time and money and how the ordinary 
strives spend theirs. 

The profiles at the successful marurktn 
sound like Japan's real trend-setters. The 
maru-bi, who are funnier because they rrv 
so hard, may be friends of Watanabe, 


ing 

belong. 

As the introduction s&ies: “Mam-kin, 
the rich man, is always smiting, as he has a 
lot of money. He also looks like an honest 
man and hie is admired by others. As a 
result, he becomes richer. Maru-bi , the 
poor man, wishes to be rich. He longs to 


of Fundamental Knowledge), a yearbook 
3ular words 


that annually lists the most popi 
in Japanese. 

“Kinkonkan" has pushed its author mto 
the mam-kin cl ass, and he is chu c klin g all 
the way to the bank. 

“Tm just a small mam-kin," Watanabe, 
35, during an interview in his office in 

a well-to-do section of Tokyo. “I never 
expected the book to sell well And the 

readers are so serious it scares me. At first I 
was surprised, then embarrassed, because 
people took it seriously. 

“Now I'm enjoying it,” he said. “A pro- 
fessor whose office is near urine gave me 

some of his scholarly books about the mid- 
dle class and I gave him mine.” 

Noboru Takeshita, minister of fin*!***-, 
recently commented on the new middle- 
class distinctions at a budget committee 
meeting in the Diet. A politician from die 
Komdto Party had asked him: “Do you 
know mam-kin mid maru-bfl These days 
people are divided into two levels, those 
who can live easily and the others who just 

ynanngg (O five.” 

Takestrita’s reply: “At one time mam- 
km and maru-bi would not have become 
popular words because we could tell the 
rich from the poor by their appearance. 
Now most Japanese belong to the so-called 
middle class and you can't tefl which is 
which.” 

Watanabe’s book clarifies the distino- 


The more money 
the poorer he becomes. 

i very diffia 

aru-kin. At one urn maru-bi didn’t 


ne poorer 

“It is very difficult to switch from mam- 


bi Xomaru^ 



New characters for rich (left), poor. 


tians, portraying two different types of 
middle-class wealth. “Kinkonkan” — a 


por tmanteau word blending sound and 
sense thar translates roughly as “The Mon- 
ey Spirit Book” — is a tongue^n-cfaeefc 
analysis, of 31 modem careers, including 
those of television producers, free-lance 
writers, fashion models, graphic designers, 
university students, housewives, doctors, 
lawyers and company directors. 

With a group of part-time researchers, 
Watanabe interviewed two dozen people in 
addition to writers of his acquaintance. 
Dealing with each profession m turn, he 
describes how the very successful spend 


want to show off in front of others, but 
nowadays mam-bi doesn’t know who be 
is." - 

Although Watanabe pretends to believe 
there are only rich ana poor in Japan, he 
understands now why ms book became 
popular. According to 1984 statistics based 
on a survey from the prime minister’s of- 
fice, approximately 90 percent of the Japa- 
nese claim u> be part of the middle 

“The question is whether they are or 
not,” he said. “Mostpeople are not sure 
where they belong. They want to know. 
After reading TCmkonkan,’ they’re sure. 
This is a book for middle-dass readers.” 

Watanabe’s caricatures describe the gra- 
dations of rich and poor, Illustrating the 
brands of rirrtfafr , aeress n ries, CUTS an d 
sports equipment they affect. Cc 


Wa- 


two free-lance writers, who are 
more accurately hoe as “free writers,’ 1 
tan a he shows the maru-bi writer " 
from a subway strap, looking anxious,' 
wearing clothes that are 10 years old. His 
income is 32 million yen (about $12,800) a 
year. He has a constant stomach ache; he 
lives with a bar hostess, and for extra 
money sells company secrets to cheap mag- 
azines, a form of “black” journalism. 


His mam-kin counterpart goes to the 
barber twice a month, rides c 


cabs, wears a 
cashmere sweater from England, loafers 


from Italy, and Aiumis cologne. He arm 
28 minion yen a year, by writing a book 
every three months and occasional artMMS 
for Playboy. When he was a student, he 
won a writing prize to a took on ms 
travels in fad**, which sold 200,000 copies. 
Married, be has two children and a tome 
Ms parents hdped pay for in an accessible 

suburb. . ■ . ", 

One moral of “Kinkonkan is be bom 

into a rich family, to ar Watanabe main- 
tains. the offsprmgof wealthy families be- 
come rich. “That's the world r he chortled. 

Although he is married and has a 3-year- 
old son, Watanabe looks like a l£-jraar-dd 
college freshman from Ohio in his L. L 
gjur t-and-sweaig set and Adidas ten- 
nis shoes. “I was a Mg Coke drinker as a 
child, so my brain is Ame ric a niz ed, he 

said. ... 

He wears a Goman watch to diving m 
tbe pod at Ms swim dub and he drives a 
new Gtroen. ' . 

“It’s a a middle-class car,” he admitted, 
“but it’s French. I love everything up^o- 
I go everywhere, once, not twice. Tm 
curious, I want to lode. I read the newspa- 
pers thoroughly because there's drama in 
everything.’' 

Bom in 1950, Watanabe is the child of a 
wealthy Hiroshima family. His father 
heads a chemical compaxw that makes lab- 
oratory me dicines. He told his son that he 

could do anything be wanted to, tbe writer 

recalled. According to “Kinkonkan.” this 
is what rich fathers say to their sons, white 
poorer fathers expect them to follow their 
business and to be honest 

After graduating from Sotoku High 
School in Hiroshima, Watanabe chose not 
to go to university Mil to an art school in 
Tokyo. He traveled in Europe and Asia; he 
became an editor and cartoonist to a com- 
ic-book publishing company; then at 30 be 
quit to go free-lance. 

Hi< books i ntitndf; an unsuccessful com- 
ic, a book about his travels and a recent one 
about people who don't want to grow up 
(“Peter Pan types”). “Kinkonkan” has 
been more successful. 

He had tried to interest a publisher in the 
theme far three years, tot it was rejected 
until the Shnftmotomo publishing compa- 
ny arfreri him to do it as a book aimed at 
young women, ages 20 to 25, Japan's prime 
brand-toying set To everyone’s surprise, it 
proved popular with the middle-class read- 
er in general 

“I want to describe today’s Japan,” War 
tanabe said, “winch is so different from my 
father and grandfather’s experiences. My 
father was m World War It My mother, 
my grandparents, and my elder brother 
and aster were in when it was 

bombed. They lived in a suburb so they 
were not hurt. But some relatives were 
injured. 





Outturns Onytm 

Author Watanabe: Nouveau maru-hn? 


“It’s a very 
now,” he grinned. 


iesei 


most 

die 


tie 


to be living 

& penod is a change 
It’s good that 
to the mid- 


One “Kinkonkan” convert, Yoshiko Slu- 
nrizu, 26, a high-school English teacher, 
agrees: “I'm not poor, but I belong to the 
maru-bi group." She and her husband, Ya- 
niyuti, a university instructor whom she 
dubs' “a budding scholar” (one of Watan- 
abe's phrases), enjoy classifying themselves 
according to the book’s criteria. 

"I don’t live in my own house in a rich 
west side suburb. We live in an apartment 
downtown on tbe east ride. 1 can go skiing, 
but I can't go to the Mediterranean every 
year. I ean have champagne only once or 
twice a year, at Christmas or my anniversa- 
ry. i bought my Daniel Hechter shirt on 

”V * j .T4_r LrtM nt A'liAfflinf 


sale and my Italian leather bag at discount. 


“The difference between mom-kin and 
maru-bi is more money and luck, not neces- 
sarily more talent," she added. 

Another moral of “Kinkonkan.” is that 
success breeds success. Watanabe is pre- 
paring “Kinkonkan Q” for publication in 
August. He calls it “top secret," tot hints 
at a funny modern history of “brand- aho- 
fics.” 

In tbe meantime, there's a movie called 
“Kinkonkan," to which Watanabe contrib- 
uted the tide tot not the story; a popular 
television comedy show on which he ap- 
pears and does “nothing"; and a film com- 
edy. ■ 

“I don’t like it." he said. “I'm childish. 
All I want to do is describe society by 
writing and illustrating." 


Christine Chapman is a Tokyo-based 
writer who specializes in Ae cultural field. 


PEOPLE 


Camxr Victim, 19, 

^ m 


Steve Foovo. 19. who lost to jrft 
lea to cancer when to 12» has 
edmpfeto i a 14-motwhnm unw 
Canada that raised newly $7 mil- 
lion to fight cam**- Weary from his 
4 924-nnle (8.000-k3ou»ew) jow- 
he covered the final seven 


<v 

lumtou on Wednesday m a swdy •, 

. #_,« .i jia mai deter The ten -A" 



lumbia. on Wednesday in asteady ^ in 
rainfall that did not <kter tirottwA, U Jl|t 
of thousands of supporters fa 

lined the streets to chea' him on. At Hr 


Pacific coast, Fto: 
a red carpet to 


tbe 

walked w»u » *•'** *■— ,t~ ? — ■ -«* a 

wateriine and waded, gnnmng. wo ),) 
steps inw &c sea. “It’s great —ift ! [* 
over.” he shouted as be returned io 
shore. Officials of the Canadian 
Cancer Society, sponsors of the 
nm, said Fonyo has raised about $4 
millio n from private donors, plus 
n ear ly $3 million in pledges from 


Had* 


me govenuncuis oi 

Columbia and Alberta. Bnosb Co- 
lumbia has awarde d a -sch otorinp 
to Fonyo. who dropped 
school after ninth graae.ro earn e/* 
c ommerc ial helicopter pilot's li- 
cense. He is fust hearting to a 
three-week vacation in the Cbofc 
Islands in the South Paafic, The 
inspiration to run across Canad a, 
the world’s second-largest asratiy, 
was Terry Fox. who attempted fe 
real in 1980. also on an artificial teg 
replacing a limb lost ro cancer, but 
suffered a relapse and died before- 

Cnnvft'e dtn Wain 'Stoi 


. J ' 
. “ 


fi nishing . Fonyo’s rim began on 
lifaithTl. 1984, ' ‘ 


... .. when to' 

bis artificial leg m the- A___. — 
Ocean at Si John’s, Newfound- 
land. . . . Hcaiy W«fc»,23,sakLS 
Thursday he plans ' to continue to 
attempt to bo the first non to nia 
around the world. The British run- 
ner said doctors had advised him la 
interrupt for a few days a 700- 
kflometer (435-mac) run from the 


v 


caused some of bis badeen'to with- 
draw their supporlBut hewud new 

come ftinrii d, tend 

he planned to stanfrom Bang- 
kok next Wednesday to> run down 
the Southeast Arian peninsula to 
Sngapore v 

D 


Vice Presideut Gem Bo* and 
his wife, Bartora, hosted apart? fora 
the entertainer Bob Hope and his f 
wife, Dolores, Wednoday that 
turned into a birthday criebratioo. 
Wednesday was Hope's 82nd birth- 
day and he was in Washington to 
Thursday’s dedication of uje Bob 
opeUSO' 


Hope USO World Headquarters. 


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I away. Wall pay you la nfe- 
guord your taridwee m Fori*. Aman- 
can caude soak to fiat/housnit. 
From Jura 85 - 1986 as you with. 


“tOUAJT FHVAIi DETECTIVE 
RANCE & OVBSEAS. Cdl 24 hours 
49-88 O 84. fl te 790586 COV Jto 

La 

Chaitoria. 86000 POmOB, FRANCE 


PACK ON 1IC UN. Saetha world's 
rnocf hnoutiM aly in the comfort of 
year own shoes. For joggina tours af 
PS. CaB 567 12 57. 


ALCONOUCS ANONYMOUS in 


ton (doiy| 634 59 65. bme 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


PORMOK REAL STATE 

oPfomuNmES ss 

PAGE 20 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


ANDORRA 


1A-MA5&ANA DEStKABtE chdet on 
freehold 750 tqjn. plot. 180 a^m. 2- 
bvri Sving area, centrd mahn^ 3 
bedroom, 1 -a* garage. Private ain. 
ftiea negabofate. For den^s vert* 
Gordon. PO Sax 29231 or phone 
582174, Noirohi, Kenya 


HOUSE FOR 
Plata DV 
34-3-6665718. 


fumahed. Tefc 


TAX FRB PBKMUIY in I 
Status home . swoT rni 
erwrars UK (099382) I 


BELGIUM 


BBUXB1E5, ownar sells sumptuous do- 
pex r#JLr tnienl 400 sqjn, fodnq 
wtxxk, 10 roams, 5 bedroora, 5 
baths. 80 sqra terrace. FI 
7«t ftiodes 3272 344 63 ‘ 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


FRENCH PROVINCES 


COTE D’AZUR 

CAPM5 

Kradty m 8» CrahaM 

Lcrge aportinsnt in smrf buidng, Liv- 
ingroom, dWng roo m. 5 b ed rootre plus 
stuFT bedroom. Balcony. Kiutiuc 
view over the iaa and fcsterel. Prhose 
ewage. Pries F3500rc0. Rrf 227. 

' JON TAnOR SJL 
S La Cracutta 
06400 Crmnes 

TeL p3| 38 00 66 Tdoc 47U921F. 


COTE D’AZUR, MCE Rad Estate 


AgeregjJjuyitiQ at oportmanr or a 


i ta ring prodsai with o 
serious ujiisaoriy: Promotion MuiuL 
Ask for oororocWe: 19 Avanja Au- 
bar or HoM Maricfen, Mca 0600a 
Tel (5^87 08 20 - 8! 48 81 


REAL ESTATE 
FORSAI£ 


FRENCH PROVINCES 


MGBEVE hantaring golf course end 


dopes. Superb tye i m ertf, ttjimsi 
ode fumihm. Living + salon + 3 


l e diouu urad yuu g^endoBadheat- 


60 00 61 Rolivd. 
00 La 


a ad Darn, 


IN 1HE MOST MSBBITIAL Quadar 
af Mou^o- Beautiful house, recep- 
tion, furepfcx*, doing 60 sain, 4 
bedroom, twrrnng pool DefegMM 
oartfcn 2TO0 sqjtL WDSVAllJE 
fi>».000" SSI 47 La GroisaKa. 
3819,9. 


06400 Comas I 


FOffiST SB40NCWS. 120 lorn, wad 
Ports dong forest and meodows, typ- 
ed renovated house on 2 levels. 2 


ftefAsces, 4 bedrooms, 2 bathroom, 
L amt axi 


My 


svil^O^Sm 

25 after 8 pm. 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


FRENCH PROVINCES 


OODOGWMEAIIBSBAC On 
1 Vi acres, superb stone trail Penaord- 
styfe house completed aid 1981. 2 
badrooaa, 2K baths, 2-car goragi 
fill American comraoaties. For dalw 
write HAY, Au Scfale. Prigonriaio 
24130 LA KiCL TdSa SB94 28. 


MCE core D'AZUR. ExduM egri 
reont ON THE TOP, 6th floor, ran- 
oroinic 20O°oceanview / large private 
terrace, 2 roams and btdien, at rrifit 
seoriew. Coin exdusiva area ID am- 
ules wdk to sea. Price by owner 
PtfSjOOO. Fiance (93} 75 5241. 


NORMAM7Y. 1 hoe frtra Pais & 
Demwfle. Norman style country 
house. 9 roam, snuthvres) oriento- 
hon. 2 -ax garage, 1/500 iqjTt laid. 
Some r a sttnation to be cc r yto ed 
F400^0a Write Genet, 53 rue du 
Weux Chateau, 76100 ftxien. 



ATTENTION EXECUTIVES 
PuhMA your tumniMMai 
*. tftafatemoftwrfHaSdJW- 
bum, where mare Am athvd 
of <r nWna roodo re weM- 
wido. nod of whom arm la 
hmm o w end India*?, e# 
rood tt. M hte w (Pant 
613595) baton IOam * mt- 
nring mol we eon Wn you 
bode. ™*d yoor i w e rm ge wtt 


na roar m 

anpow w m I n 48ha an. Jim 
•Ho it OS.S9.SO or bad 
aquhebnt mr Snm. You amt 
indado complete mat wariS- 
dbb bMog eUw, 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


MONEY TREES? 


YES hwari in one of America's mod 


obSon dolor indutry.We have, 

ed more nt trees m 1984 than aiy 


odiar developer in our State. 

««> 


«Bh 


red for 


■aiiMgMeB- 


BrauuoES Nvnro. 

M u teiid avaiaWe in EngGsh, French, 
Germ an. Bax 1993, Herald Tribune, 
92521 Newly Cade*. Franc* 


FQKSAIE LARGE QUANTITY of nai- 
lery woolen Uric. Suitable far urn- 
farms / bfanfcets. Contact P.Ol Box 
30306 Tel Aviv, hrod. or tafar 344730 
SPEED IL, Alb WN0. 


PANAMA UBERtA. CORPORATIONS 

from USS40Q ovoioWe now. Tel 

g624J 2024a Tetac 6283S2 ISLAND 




COMPUTERS far busmess and person- 
d use. Authorized deeper far IBM 
Apple, others. Best price s. Cd Mr. 
Lawrence, Paris 563 2989/ 348 3000 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


MOST CONTAMER 1EASMG 
COMPAMB AOVBtnSE 


17% - 20% 
FIXED INCOME 
PER ANNUM 


GOLD MNXAL MME 

licened in Caloroda. USA $25 oA- 
[ Son {USj u se d ad to get nww ado good 
W poyboe fc. Toft 
ixovervulive. eMpenencBu _ manage 
rrtent in rrinopob. investment 

boAers arty dtodd write 


ESP* 

tarmoft 


mWefc4 0o_fac 
210 W. 22 St, Oak Broahifl. 60571 USA 


WE DON'T HAVE TO BECAUSE 
WE BELIEVE WE CAN ORB 


MORE! 

Win ere a mdor t mean er le me^ tijiiH 
pmy (founded 1973) with on axcelent 
record of return & service far our efi- 


ents. We one emortfy mane ano over 

■ ' «n2l5803€rts. 


17,000 u a nt ane t s for over 

WE HAVE OVER 


$36mnoN 


, MAJOR US HEALTH 6 BEAUTY aid 
oa. wahei tonxplare busneesoaMr- 
tunitia s in Sva traka x L Prvngrilv mtee- 
ated in hodih and beauty aid prod- 
ucts tha con be exported to USA 
mortal ond/p r sold m Switor lcrd. 
Arrangements con be outrigM pa- 
chases, icenang or other amsnge- 
meteu Reply USA Heaiih and Beauty 
« Co, Wl IntSc* P«* feL. Rrfing 
tMk. Ciifarraa USA 90274 Altentiote 
Ms. Werner. 


UNDBt MANACZM89T 
AND AN AWUAL TUSNOVK 
IN EXCESS OF 


$15 MILLION 

ff you areconsxdermg at iu v astu w * m 
eonsaners we suggest you cortotf us 
before mAing your de cisi on. 


SETTUNO IN CANADA 
IMMIGRATION AND MVE5TW4T 
Contact: DAKT4NVHT ltd 


otafcfaqn^pore. fte sid ert 


1981 McGil Coin ■ Sole 45B 
H3A2W, 


WE MY OUR asms 

QUARTERLY 

A OROSS DOUAR INCOME 


Montreal H3A 2W9. Conodo 
Teh 1514} 281 1981 
TeCac 5541023 


SHIRLSTAR 


uamue nama. sales 

KHZBSCRA CHT 5 34 

1017 at AMSTBHSAM 

m: (0201 27M22 

TEUX 14463 


mremA 

55, Sving in Bovono, mtnHcod ex* 
with Amcricon 
tarns far business representation. 
Phase write a tHT, 5GX 2159, Frie- 
cHdetr. 15. D4000 Fronkfart/M. 


(WE5CO) 


ATIBKIONSAIJO ARABIA Agates - 


On you suaxsfiiy represert my 
avJ dewoe siren system? Are 


m wumvetfi 

L Stewat, Av. Louise 368, 1050 
tab. Belgian. 


BUSINESS SERVICES 


wn 

BEAUnRJL PE0P1£ 

UNUNRITOMC 
USJL B WORIDWIDE 


A co mplete toad & business service 
a uique colecrion of 
L muhSngud 
, fa tJ aca ‘ 
212-765-7793 


212-765-7794 

S, NXC 10019 


330 W. 56th St. 
Service 


•tacts Eapresantatnes 

te«— J- J iSf -I-l.-’J. 

t^eesxa wo«xi>wcs«- 


too* EXECUTIVE Futy experienced 
in cA f^xaec of devteopmg widen* 
mdustnte projects, tram concept to 
riortjift ond fata- their m c naga srate . 
FoaRor with ond ofale to iota prob- 


lems idenri to dowttopmg ctuTnas. 

I to intern J i oui bori- 


WbAcomected . 

neats, vSnguaL ready to 
F l a m e av« porticu tars of reojifte 
mart «Sv to Bo* 2356, HerSlri- 
buna, ^NeteBy Gri«, Fraice 


MVHT 2 WfflS in Bteter Hetefh. 
fafr ConSoc Bst P revention & 
Hetetri Becondbonng 
Begad 


tre. Enton near 




104218792233. 


Aczzxjnfing/campcmy farmterins + 


hoc /trial Contact Rnser, f2-U Bd. 


HOW TO GET A 2nd PASSPORT. 

Report - 12 co u r ttrit e analyzed. 
D*^WMA. 45 Lyndtaxst TCE. 
Swle 509, Cmfrd, Hong Kang, 


OOR1MCMI 02317 16 21 AS. Brflj* 
p esapat holder uvoiuble for courier 
duties. Imnwiute. 


BUSINESS SERVICES 


IL5. VISA PROBLEMS 7 Coreutt Amur- 
■am attorneys. Rome 474 4990. 


TAX SERVICES 


US INCOME TAX returns <rxi auefh 
by profeteandfc Paris 56391 21 


DIAMONDS 




Your bed buy. 

fine aamorris in caty.prioe K»ge 
at towed wholaade jtxbs 
deed from Artwerp 
enter of the diamond world, 
hi guuuMe. 

For free price far write 



Heart of AnhMrp Diamond indurtry 


OTFICE SERVICES 


^■NATIONA L BUSOB3 Bureau 

SlA. faniuhed crf^R 


. crffices, bSngud per- 

torrd.M o^te^.meefeg rooms, 
cocrdnafaon of opy bnd of memnes 
aid corre sp o ndenc e. Teh 341-270- 
9004/05. Tfa4397B AEAAf MahkL 



99 Keaengnodt, 1015 04 AietJew to 
Teh 31-2026 57 49 Take 16131 
Wbr&Wide Booms Centres 


PMB 

Sera 1957 LSP. provides 

oeeSng rooms. 5 rue cf Artois, 
Teh 359 47 04. The 642504. 


YOU OfflCE M PASS: TS£X, 
ANSWBWG StVICE, iBcnfay. 
errands, nK*a«. ewe 24H7day. 
TeL PAT: 609 9595. 


‘7 lestd&sipiatummtxqiidksontienL 



\an Cleef & Arpcls. PARIS2ZPIacc\fenctoine,'IH:26L5&5& - GENEVA 31, Rue duRhdnc,TH; 28.8L66: “Id bOUtiqUe* 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


FRENCH PROVINCES 


SOUTH Of FBANCL 40 robs north of 
Montpelier, renovated 1750 hrm- 
houseonnver jswenrting} 800 B|- ft 
Sving roarn, 4 bedroarmjTcrge eaten 
fc rte nen. 1 bteh, 1 showe r , 2 terracej. 
Now centr al hearing and pfaa&ng. 
Total 2800 so. ft 22 aae property. 
US $90rca Write Gean Oveneas, 
1415 Goff UADriv^ Stone Moutnv 
GA 30088 USA. 


PROVBIO, VAR. 40 fan froa sea 

bn from Bngnokt, situated on Autar- 
aula A7, Provengd mas, criout 500 

WH nxram wki pane iron cm 
fren 18th century, 4 ha, on- 
rime south on vaSey, atari 


oteier ond _guest ml tb a e bo rfc 
" Tefe734 75fi Pak. 


F2J00J0n 


VAtSON U ROMAN; South 
France, nbrtorinl pene-buir Pro- 

vonqd mot resfcnrd 5 bedrixtras, 

' ' “ 3 garaga, autbudd- 

withlow- 


coder, etc. firicte spring, htmten & 
"■ ' orerfeofang 


fideng. Very fine wow ^ _ 
Vertoux. Freehold property. Louis, 
Notare, 2611 ONyot^W^a 260156 


AUVBWP*. PUY DE DOME, Wevel 

bouse Wt in 18 75, lag e iwy. fire - 

zooms, on vi a noasng, /-ax yaraqv 
2 terrace-gardefE with ponor 
view. FTOQjOOO. Vnir Jane Id to , 
IsLTefc Pais 723 6666 / (73 71 8045 
storting Afay 30. 


EXCBYTONALCAMCS CROBBTE 

Top ffoor. 55D sqjn. dupbr. 

ftJwlous 150 sam. SSaBrepJac*, 8 
bedrao nw . 7ba tta.4sl Mtquart nn,3 
dosed j ysigtis Deep terraces. Mor- 


SI^PX^SSl"*? 3 Lo Crain 
06400 CamesTlct {93} 381919. 


G ita et te, 


COTE D'AZUR CMTBt CAMCSl 

Borgan, F6 00 JOOO only. Ru stic vfc . 
juoJBjmed, nea Beta be ach e s . 
Lage Iving. American khchen, 2 bed- 
+ dneeg nodes bah, 
heariopTfiSy fatrohed. bn- 
ocotponcyor season ed reteL 
ramonCaflW<7 30 32Caras. 


CANNE5-MA1BNA. Super apartmete, 

140 sqnu large te r rac es + roof 

gaden 340 sqjn, ponaraaie view of 
sac & mountains, aan be sold fu*y 
fanedted. Price under .value 


FiroOJXn. SamFronce, 182 Ownvn 
MauCeres, 06130 Gran- 


der Basses AitauSerres.RH 

Tab TO 70 61 00. Tlx 461005b 


CANNEL. Owner salfa.One of the 
food & rarely ovafletde 4-betaocro 
q p u rtmete s in Cafrfcme. 220 sgm. 
two taOCA 100 sqA. terrac e. 4 
i guest comer. 7 Lic hens, 3 


faaffe. 


after 7 pjtL 


.Tab 


1/6 


ST. PAUL QE VOICE, fa c epliaid sea 


ram. land. pooL Tonne 
PTCOM^ranafion 

Price Meant, Nra 06000 

Frara. [93] 87 0B 20. 


VAR, 12BBOMSEA, hi&da* prap- 
bring space on 2300 


erty, 340 spun. 



TOURADC 10 fan soudswest Ti 
roo no, Trepipca, dkzis, 


u> chiter's house. Beou- 
“ 53 20 41. MAKDET, 
Toon; ftgra. 


YOLK CONTACT IN PROVENCE. 
■ Houses with character. Chorning 
properri es . Estates. &TiW GAKTN, 

&>. 55. 13532 SHBwr4»PI»- 
l&lg&dra Tab TO 92fflJB +. 1 


MCE AKPORT 9 fa* V«ra 6 km, 


house, 6 bedrooms, ! 




.no liTeii. 

morion: fraira. Tab (94j 90 


isfar- 

66 . 


JUST 20 MK ROM G8CVA. Ifflo 
srit h dxrocter, 3 p b edroorr B. 2 btefa , 
2 tenoceL soenoo Akint ptaraomtL 
guet 37 371, and idler 
9.5pm 001^744 93 


BRITTANY. LOCQLfltK (29; 


■sec 

0489. 



UCNIE CASUS. Pnrsteaoepon nttr 
Monaco Pnra Pbtote, pai ott tete 
view habor. c os i n g , nounsn^ uch 
terroco. Tefc PS X 46 54. 


GREAT BRITAIN 


1 B83WJOM RAT, faly fitted IdJcheo, 
ettenai hearioiL eraflirt iisraement, 
Chelseo^dSo. Aone Uwkxi 01. 
373 3439 offer T pm. 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


GREAT BRITAIN 


CB4TRAL LONDON FREEHOLD 
NONCES GATE, NEAR HYDE PARK 

aooaoco 


Ajr ore o^partjnity to oeqedre a lcrge 


tecenriy r eh r bs hed to 

a (uairiats Oondcrd, as a reedenoe or 


E rtranoe hafl, 6 


bedrooms. __ 
room, 2 staff 
bWwnspbo 
Video eteryf 
gnfles’ond 


4< 
apnj 


rooms, 10 
3 


system, 


JoeV sole agent. 
i0lW72a 


Qwstes ta nsl 


MAQNBKENT FACTORY A OffiCE 


on a supab sde ovvfaobng 


n Northern En^cmd. It oosn- 

prfaes: 3 win bays each served by 
oraes rawing frosn 5 tone to 75 tons. 
Ilia oraqdr*e3 bo* it drart 7^30 


sgJL with 50 fll 

messing focShat or rejuu vwwt 
The office bride attached to the fac- 
tory is a moefarn 2-storoy bntfng 
eodi floor cnmfafag of appr od mote. 
iy 4.100 raft wdh ofi toodwn an* 
mences. A lage horrf sfcmcfog cor 
pab fa attached to this fariSty. Ttax 
facifcty is teodm kt sMe with atm 
A structure in menaailata concSrioa 
For fath er detabdease write to. JPS 
Engineering Ud. 210 London Road, 
Gtoydon, OM 2TE. . 


SCOTLAND, MUCXHART 

A Sup erb House wi thin o um u u teig tfc. 
fata or m rn aior centals. 

3 recepteon rooms; 6 bedrooms, ckera 
fag room, 2 btetaaans. Staff flat Cen- 

about 450 aerra Joirtf Agents. 

atnfxxgh Office. 

Tet (031)225 7105. 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


GREAT BRITAIN 


LONDON NCHTOWi OUT5WRM 
Qmrirywood Hertforddm. A 6anRy 
home of character designed by twn 
of century architect, CFA Yoyny- 

bedroora, 4 rwftoow. 2 btewoon 

4 WCs.oamred garaging for 3 can. 
Seduded gadm. gma bail court 
10 imnutasvmli to undoraround raj- 
w ay to Brier Strete/Mwyfaboira 1 
rrrie North orbbd motorway, 10 tnfas 
dry oenter, 12 ifaBes HortWr. CBfcn 
in mm of £235,000. For Era* aJar 
broAre phone JCW78 3742. 


GROSV8IOR SQUARE EXOTMQ 

opportunity to acquire profaobly the 

most efagate & prestrinui modem 

wUs own large lenacA goraipna ml 

parting fa the only private, gated ai- 

arowa w 

eit hfaemationte stonAnfa. faeof Lon- 
don bom for tommy drador. 86 
yeor lease. £245j00Oi01-491 2727 
{office homl or Ascot 28946 (UK) 


LONDON ST JOHN^S WOOD Hand- 


ton Terrace, 300 yards Amorim 
3floor house, 4 


School in London, 
bmfroono with 4 eo-smte bot h roer rn, 

30 ft double recapttqn. study, garden, 

porfanq 7 can. 70 yeor lease. 
\ Wriays 01-499 9981. 
101-870 4703. 


RAItVHKTOL- Lon Court Monsfan. 
M3 or 7 MteUyts* luxurious 


ThekxtHBH|H9MHB 

oportmedk fa bawrifid mo un ds with 
ptmoromic views. Notwnd House 
Builders cwtificote. £90fl00 -I 
ElKOgg, Miter S tates, gim 
TeL 0272 326654 or 


BEM/THR. hetonc Baobedm inonor 

1 085, 000 m ptiurastBie brantal con- 1 
ranfag medevd Owrch 8. tyflw ban. 


bf f **orwoy |6 Gahridt 

■ports. 40 minutes by 


& Hetahrow uupuils. 

train to London. V 
or.GwLWTeb 


Mmv 


■Ua®*6HAMOJBE listed Marie 
manor house. 30 nnutes from Ion- 

Around 


[fateV contaned 

CoS (0753) 883613 



REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


GERMANY 


OUSSBOOK LUXURIOUS 
and ddrateiy turaebtd opotMi 


s:t> I 
Hi 1 ’ 


t.7S 
. .eta- 
tC-rter 



i: 


the worldJcncMn "Koa'L TOmire. ta 
inti terport t du .trade fair center. I — 
bythe owner. US$1 38^50: bberd iwv 

■rRA2SJC?L.-» 

Hoier Wbhmwgsbau, 

Dumeebrirfar £.33. 
RTODumidarfrraiwltamAGannmy. 
Or OAW.Gerrmsy 211-578030. 


i -.u ; 


WWOID LESUff PARK. 14 hed- 


now B*(er 

po;>uioa o no Mdtr. Contact A T 
Brdrington!%tf, UK. Tei ( 


TTALY 


'SUMPRJOUS CAM VUA 

with i breathtaking view af Saogkni. 

4 betfrooms each wHh bothroo m 
esnsteu magnifioonr race prion orara 
byifl loom, diig roo m fttaTy , 
w wsunoudy {unshed, terrace* 
gorran, heated swBwnjng pool 1100 
ram. an 2 levels. Servant* quartan. 

HJyequfapuLvgykvgefatdracrec u 

•"coeent modern amenita. gang* 
Short Mddng detara front Oopri 

92521 Neuily Cede*, France 




ITALY. ISLAM) OF ELBA. Chomv 


hesoe fix ids. . 

Ornml chestnut beorns ml riled ced- , 
Stinted bi a defi^dfd Medter- 

“flaikuasss :i.v 


die 


Easy a mis s from mtenlmi ter 
»a?«r.TebF. July fttrfyl 565 96613 •>»... 


T * , 'JNSr! 1 ci*it 


or.writfcF. Joty , 

faoln dBba Uvomo, Italy 


PAGE 21 
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J*t. Tel, 26032 80. Tbe 213492 F.. *• f ... 


MRIS-ltateRMh«N •**NH W 

2ola, l-tt rtxn SaX Wri ' 
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GREAT BRITAIN 


PLAZA HOTBL U 

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LONDON 

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W™** ipMJOfcr sea views, . 

Prices from 111.* 

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Si? carpels 


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LONDON 

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