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Full text of "International Herald Tribune , 1985, France, English"

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Published With The New York limes and The Washington Post 


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Mitterrand Refuses 
Reagan Invitation 

To Allies’ Meeting 

% Michael Dobbs The analysts said that Mr. Mii- 

p ADre^ Pasi Servtc *' terrand’s refusal to join other Wesi- 

rARIS — President Francois 011 ^ eai ^ eT5 was likely 10 strengthen 
Mitterrand turned down Tuesd™ *“* negotiating hand with Mr. Gor- 
an invitation from President RoS to®**®* during toeir toree ^ of 
aia Reagan to the leaders of six formal talks - 

industrial na tio ns to attend a According to senior French offi- 
“eetwg in New York this month to France has refused to sign a 

jam communique, to be issued 

Boon official rang f or accort j during Mr. Gorbachev's visit, that 
with U.S. over SDL Pa«e 3 would have condemned the milita- 
— rage j. nation of space and Mr. Reagan's 

discuss November's -Soviet Strategic Defense Uitiau’ve. 

■ a VJ -O.-oOVtCL A rnmmiininiiA frfvm fnp Flvw 

summit Trwyfmp 

French rni»L.i ■ - . preauenuai paiacr: niu uibi mi. 

that Mr - an ?^$ ls *®*d Mitterrand would not attend the 

“dSlr?* 55S5£d'£2t3dS L kS 

j asc* Mr " a,a 

Wm^SLS J™ ™* “ Ik Other U.S. allies invited to the 
west as Soviet tader. New York meeting on arms conlral 

A communique from the Elysee 
presidential palace said that Mr. 

^nm pjsanxjous toshemthati, SSHSfSSSrX 

SffairsSdS^fij^.ta^ ain. West Cennany, Canada, Italy 
ally of the United States. 

Israeli Planes Destroy 
PLO Headquarl^^ 
Tunis; At LeastsWMHi 

]^^feS5^^aatf^nJbak Rabin 
said: "This action was intended to 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches Staff. Said that 30 tO 50 people WCTC rV f?»»g£- hf mi a t gg flEzh ak Rabin 

TUNIS Israeli jets destroyed killed and more were wounded. said: “This action was intended to 

the Palestine Liberation Qrganiza- General Levy also indicated that warn that there is no immunity to 
tion headquarters Tuesday rare- Mr- Arafat, was a target, saying.- any PLO group anypteoe in tta 
taliatioofor the murders S«L 25 of Israel knew that he was expected at wodd and the long hand of the IDF 
three Israelis in Cyprus. the scene at the time of the attack, will know bow to find them to hurt 

v , 4Mf „ /rf President Ronald Reagan said in them.” The reference was to the 

Washington after tberauithat na- Israeli Defense Forces. 
ucmTtave the right to retaliate n was the deepest Israeli pene- 
SS^uf 4 ^ JrtM ttatoree- a 8 3in ^ terrorist attacks “as long as ^ IdwaS temtoiyaS ; 

Turns yyupu* out the people respons.- tiremostdisUirtai^s^the 
. v.., air force rescued Israelis hdd in 

three Israelis in Cypres. me SOT* ai me nmeot me araot. 

.. President Ronald Reagan said m 

Ara ^ at,t ^ Washington after the raid that na- 

the PLO, was not injured. He tad ^ ngh t w ^i H tc 

reairnoJ Monday night from Mo- agains j7^ 0 J^ long as 

ally of the Umted Stales. . . 

A spokesman for the French 

— — president, Michel Vauzdle, said 

earlier that meetings of the kind 
'1 A Til suggested by Mr. Reagan could 

jZCCt T l lflllft “perhaps be judged useful but do 

~ not seem to be absolutely indis- 

fires at U.S. He said, “It isn’L necessary to go 

to New York to meet other part- 
4^1 _ e~\ oers or make known the European 

t^ODter \_fY01* point or view on East-West rela- 
I i dons.” 

W. Germany 

The PLO's headquarters south of Tunis lay In ruins after the Israeli air raid on Tuesday. 

death toil at'wto S^se^said that chosen the “responsible people” in 
about 100 wo*^c|kiWL • . * their air raid, the president stud. 
In Td Aviv.^TBfcv *Tve always had great faith in their 

Moshe Levy, the ' Tan0C : -$Mf ^ intelligence.” - 

Moslem Group Releases Photos of 4 Sovietpksfages 

By Andrew’ Tamowski 


BEIRUT — A Moslem gn 

□on as Arkady Ratakov, the con- group that has claimed credit for 
sular secretary; Valery Mirkov. a previous kidnappings in Beirut, 
commercial official: Nikolai In a rash of coimiciing claims. 
Svirsky, the embassy doctor, and anonymous callers to one imema- 

tions.” holding four Soviet Embassy off!- Qleg Spirine, the cultural attach^, tional news agency said that Islam- 

France has traditionally viewed hostage in Lebanon released Sets of photographs were sent to ic Jihad held the four men and 
with suspicion what it sees as at- photographs Tuesday of them with international news agencies but, in would start executing them Tues- 

tempts to turn the annual economic pistob at their heads and threat- a distribution muddle, each at first day afternoon, 

summit meetings of the seven lead- ene< ' 10 ctecut® one the men. received pictures of only three men. But a caller claiming to speak for 
ing Western industrialized coun- The color photographs and the with two copies of one of them. . Islamic Jihad denied that the group 
tries into a kind of political direc- threat were delivered to an interna- j^e pictures showed a hand with had any connection with the kid- 

1 orate. tional news agency soon after a a cocked pistol at the bead of each nappings. 

. . ... cniinv I'lncp In ihn miKiiiy rii.-t • » V. • ■ « . —Iclamin lihikt nraqni7«hAn ml. 

By Michael Weiss kopf ing Western industrialized coun- Th 

7 WaMogum Post Service tries into a kind of political direc- threa 

WASHINGTON — A Czecho- ,0I ^ e ‘ . .... ““ 

Slovak military jet crossed into -Mr. Mitterrand has publicly 
West Germany on Saturday and questioned the usefulness of the 1 
fixed at least two missiles at a U.S. summit meetings on several occa- 
Army helicopter flying a “routine” sions, hinting that France might 

observation mission near Czecho- eventually decide not to take part. j, 

Slovakia’s southwest border, Peata- “Reagan's invitation caught Mit- ^4. 

gon officials said Tuesday. terrand in a difficult position,” a ' 

The Cobra attack helicopter car- French diplomat said privately. JJ 
rying a two- man crew was not “On the one hand, France is always 
struck and returned safely to its looking for ways of emphasizing its ™ ' 
base near Nuremberg without fir- independence while on the other P ai ^ 
ing back, said Robert M. Sims, a we also complain that the Amen- st< ^- 
Pentagon spokesman. cans don’t consult us enough.” ^ 

The United States filed a “strong Analysts said that Mr. Milter- ™ 
protest with the Czechoslovakia rand was looking for ways to em» m j|j ^ 
Embassy on Monday, Mr. Suns - - ‘ 

-Mr. Mitterrand has publicly s p urc f close to the embassy said man. Mr. Svirsky appeared to have 
questioned the usefulness of the “ ai ^ R^ians were alive in Bei- a bruise on his right arm. 

3^— .bya^upcalli-.g 

eventually decide not to take part. commiitffWKSS- 

“Reagan’s invitation caught Mit- ists. 

terrand in a difficult position,” a ' “An appalling crime has been 

“Islamic Jihad organization cat- 
egorically denies any relation with 
a statement attributed to it regard- 
ing the kidnapping of the Soviet 

^o bu waTnmTt dre tiuee- tratkm raid into Arab territory and ; 

'SSSJs oSSSftl Turns you pick out the people respons.- tta^distairt^^smoethe 

sHSIf .BoJoSa when the jas pres j de nt, asked whether _ torarfi* Md-m 

iltacjfeif^ ^Palestinian source said, unmanufactured planes were in- u S aDda m iy/ P- 
• A BOQf. said that volved, said: *Tm not going to Witnesses said six to eight jets 

abbk«p*^fewere killed in the comment on that at aD andl&n’t butlsradi authorities 

raid. *fi«I ud«g»Wny Tunisians, know, I don’t know the facts.” refused to contrail ttie ugnrea. Oni- 

Medical put the Asked whether thelsradis, had oak 1 said thatthe planes flew a 

death toll at &bkl S^i^said that chosen the “responsible people” in 1 finite (iSGOAflometo) round 
about 100 werSMtoflarff’-x ihdr air raid, the president said, *np and refueled. m nnd-fhghL 
In Td A.viv'+iSmxi. “Fve always had great faith in their Mr. Arafat later toured the dev- 

Mosbe Levy, the TsSfc intelligence.”* asiated site but would make no 

Tff v-... c ommen t. According to a repeat 

' - i ■ . from, the Kuwait press agency in 

j Tunis, Mr. Arafat narrowly es~ 

/• m O 9 ’ m caped death, changing his mind 

O f Z li Opfi about visiting the headquartera 

V \MJ 1 / minutes before the Israeli jets 

v ’^'-S ^ swoopeddown. - 

' ' V ~ At least one of the dead was a 

'■ member of Force 17, Mr. Arafat's 

SjgjTv elite bodyguard. Israel blamed: 

I fej, Force 17 for the murders Sept. 25, 

11 the Jewish holy day of Yom Kip-. 

■ **■! pur, of two men and a woman 
W ibomd an Isradi yacht anchored at 

T ^ said that 


itselfthe^Litaration Organization Splo^^^ermiU 

- Khakd Ibn al WalidForces” ‘«J onsin cormmiIed b > laT ^- An earlier caller had sai 

French diplomat said privately. hosi^e co™ rut” an announc- fou^nwn are the first Rus- 

“On the one hand, Franre is always er said on tite main evening news ^°W«t Bta 

lookmg for ways of emptasmngits hhmfc TrSSi pr<pm- TBandits from one of the kiamic Jihad has claimed responsi- 

independence while on the other paigns againsi isiamic inpon jrch-reactionaiy. ultra-nghust or- hilitv for a number of Iddnanoinas 

An earlier caller had said that 
isiamic Jihad had killed two of the 
Soviet hostages. 

The four men are the first Rus- 

on Monday, Mr. Stms phasize French independence be- 
said. The Cobra, be raid- had done fore parliamentary elections in 

nothing to provoke “this irrespon- March, 
sibie act which endangered the lives The vigorx 
of the U.S. crewmen.” interests is 

The incident was the 17th viola- standing in ] 
tion of West German airspace by has been unc 
Warsaw Pact aircraft in the last six dal over the 
months but the first in which mis- /rvunkM™ 
siles were fired at a U.S. aircraft, 
according to Mr. Sims. 

In April 1984, a U.S. Cobra came 
under missile and camion attack 
from two Soviet-built planes as it 
flew an observation patrol along 
the West Gennan-Czechoslovak 
border. The West German border 
police said later that the helicopter, 
which escaped damage, apparently 
had strayed into Czechoslovakia. 

A Pentagon official said that Sat- 
urday's attack took place over West 
Germany, near the town of 
Freyung. He said that intelligence 
reports indicate that the pilot of the 
Czechoslovak L-39 jet trainer knew 
the Cobra had not strayed across 
the border. 

. • “Yon have to believe either 
they're not under positive control 
or the incident was deliberate prov- 
ocation,” he said of the Czechoslo- 
vak pilot. 

A State Department official said 
that the attack reflected the “cat- 
and-mouse game” played by op- 
posing aircraft patrolling the bor- 
ders separating Warsaw Pact and 
NATO nations. There was no indi- 
cation that the L-39 intended to hit 
the Cobra, the official said. 

“I don't think a chopper would 
have been too hard to hit if they 
look aim,” be said. “But we need to 
remind them that we take these 
things seriously. Maybe next time 
they won't miss.” 

Mr. Sims said that the L-39 fired 
two to four rockets without warn- 
ing. He said he did not know the 
type and range of the air-to-air mis- ^ 


The vigorous defense of French 
interests is likely to benefit his 

Tripoli the port city in northern 
Lebanon, is ringed by Syrian 
troops, tanks and artillery as leftist 
militias backed by Damascus are 
attacking pro-Iranian Moslem fun- 
damentalists for control of the 

The Soviet Union is a close allv zation. 

ganizations have taken as hostage 
four members of Soviet institutions 
in Beiruti” 

The statement was the tirst otii- 
rial comment on the kidnapping. 

Syria has remained silent. 

The Islamic Liberation Organi- 

bility for a number of kidnappings 
of Westerners in the past 20 

Isiamic Jihad : c believed to be 
holding six Americans and four 
Frenchmen among a total 14 other 
foreigners missing after being ab- 
ducted in the Moslem sector of the 

previously unknown city, 
sent Dhotocooies of All ciairas about the Russians 

interests is uKeiy to oenent tns of Syria and is its main arms sup- group, also sent photocopies of All ciaims about the Russians 
standing in public opinion, which pi^ identity documents of two of the linked the abductions to the Fight- 

has been imdermined by the scan- The embassy identified the pho- Russians to Beirut newspapers, ing in Tripoli. 

dal over the sinking of a Green- 
(Cootmued an Page 5, CoL 3) 

ic embassy identified the pho- Russians to Beirut newspapers, 
iphs of the hostages issued by The organization said that ii had no 
Islamic Liberation Organiza- links with Islamic Jihad, a shadowy 

“Stop the advance on Moslem 
(Continued on Page 5, CoL 4) 

Photos released Tuesday show die four Russians abducted 
in Beirut They are at top, from left, Oleg Spirine and 
Arkady Katakov. and at bottom, from left Valery Mirkov 
and Nikolai Svirsky. The photos were cut by the kidnap- 
pers to show only the men and the gims held to their heads. 

frinjgHn^mUjnum Peres said: 

“We v^J^HB| ^ta^ arnaca 


Nations Secuntyrefl^^^^Mfr 

In Luxembourg, 
m unity foreign 

demned the raid and empo^HByr - 
die president .of. the min 
council to me^ a jc^ Palestin^V ~~ 
Jordaman peac^mSe^atiSn Qwfbfr ' ' 
United Statiev and Israel re-: . . 
fused to accept. . 

Egypt denoimced the attack and 
said that it would refuse to receive .. 
an Israeli delegation due in Cairo 
this week f or talks cm Tata, a smaH 
stretch of beach on the -Red Sea - 
that is dahmod by both countries. 

An Egyptian statement 7 said 

(Confirmed on P*ge5, CoL 1) - 

Soviet Says U.S. Fails to Reply Positively on Arms 

By James M. Markham the further deployment of nuclear Another central element in the the Soviet stand was so lough that 
Sew York Times Service weapons. Soviet proposal, Washington offi- it might prednde serious- gjyp- and- 

GENEVA — The chief Soviet , ^fr- Karpov denied Tuesday that cialssaid, was a ban on deployment take 

negotiator at the Geneva arms talks ^ proposal I was tilted to favor the of new strategic weapon systems. “A 50-pcrccm reduction sounds 
accused the United States on Tues- ^ OV1 ^- a ^ e * ^ s “ balanced as Tm American officials said this ap- good.”' said another officiaL “But 
day of f ailing 10 respond positively standin S on my feet, he said. It peared to allow Moscow to proceed when you look .at the actual num- 
10 'what he called a balanced and c ? vers ^ withdeptoymenl erf two land-based hers, a reduction of 50 percent of 

comprehensive proposal for the re- 51005 2nd 11 s weU halanced. intercootinental misaiks, the SS-24 what, it’s worse than what we had 

ductiou of nuclear weapons. 

US. Assays Soviet Offer 

intercontinental missiles, the SS-24 what, it’s worse than what we had 

and the SS-25, but to bar the Unit- expected.” 

ed States from deploying the land- Administration specialists in 

i/V a— J 1 J. — . « ■.*> 

In an unusually lengthy conver- Earlier, Hedrick Smith of The # eaaUals “ 

ration with journalists before Tues- Hew York Times report J from SL C ^ tnrf ^ 

day's special plenary session, Vik- Washington: D-f ^ ® r ^f wed . Sw f t 

tor P. Karpov the chief Soviet r,-;*., 0-5 Stealth bomb- to force reductions m Amencan 

delegate saW his government’s U-S- °i^ C !^ ^ Soviet er, which arc at earlier stages of nuclear systems based in and near 
PrtKcollid be LESrur- reduce US. tong-range devdopmenL Europe aid capable of striking the 

thcrdiscussions and dSons and me^ura-range offenave weap- The U^. administration’s stand- Soviet Union. They said Moscow 

ons by 50 percent, while offering a mg offer at Geneva calls for a ceil- had offered no comparable Irmira- 
“So what we need for progress is parallel reduction that would cover ing of 5,000 missile warheads For tions on its mate-range uudear 
that the Amencan side change the only Soviet long-range weapons, each side, no more than half of weapons based to Europe, 
attitude towards the discussions, made such cutbacks conditional on which can be on land-based mis- „«***«, ^ .u* 

said Mr. Karpov, who spoke m a ban on research into space-based siles. . T i ^issians asserted ttaz the 

English inside a Soviet residential defeases— which the Soviet Union Some officials in Washing ton of 

compound here. “And well take a calls “space strike weapons” -and saS^vSStocteiomStSe ^SSiSfFSSSi^' 
stand that will allow both delega- a ban on t«ting or deployment of Sovia^oposal as a tough opening SSJjS 

□ons to work together, having m space-based defenses or anti-satd- position that left room for compro- E SJJ? 

mind the same aim — preparing II to -weapons. mitre “*** - tony jnoudes rerstuiig-z musues, 

.-I I.-V. T-L ■ .... irround-lnniK*ed mnu> mictrfW 

The AjwoaMd ha 

arms negotiator, Viktor P. Karpov, with crossed fingers in Genev a on Tuesday. 

concrete practical results.” The officials here said the pro- 

Mr. Karpov outlined the new So- P 0511 was regarded in Washington 
viet offer Monday and gave further 35 a . retreai from recent indications 
details Tuesday in a 90- min ute “ in a Time magazin e interview 
meeting with the American delega- with Mikh a il S. Gorbachev, the So- 
licit, led by Max M. Kampelman. vta leader, and comments to a 
Much of Tuesday's session was un- group of UB. senators _ visiting 
derstood to have been devoted to a Moscow — that the Kremlin might 
reiteration of known Soviet posi- accept basic laboratory research on 
tions. including a call for a ban on anti-missile defenses. 

n- ■ 1 ■ . ground-launched cruise missfles 

These officials said it wasimpor- bu dear bombers 

tant that Moscow ms willmg to based in Europe or on airScar- 

P u fj fP rw ^..f ?° ncrctc P ro I^ ,sa l tiers in the Mediterranean, as well - 
andtiu^ open toe way to smous M ion»«^ ’AS?bfib5 

ozonations after having refused and inteSnental miafles. 
for six months to make a formal n ■ . " Ttv. . 

erffer. In tins vein. Secretary of By conipiiiiSM, the sovirt Union 

State George P. Shultz on Sunday ““J. 1 ** ™ ^ 

welcomed Se Soviet initiative. cording to American officials. But 
Other officials contented that (Cantinaed on Page 5, CoL 1) 


■ In Brazil, democratic groups 

face a tough struggle against 
power blocs. Pagel 

■ South African police fought 

crowds of high school students 
after a rally. P*® 8 2 - 

■ Neil Khmock assailed leftist 

dements of toe British Labor 
Party. P*# 5 - 

E.B. White, Dean of American Essayists, Dies at 86 

■ Bliagwan S»nree Kajoeesu, urc 

Indian guru, disowned his sect's 
own book. Page 6. 

■ American Times column ap- 
pears on Page 6. 


■ Mexico's tender; agreed to 
nostpone a S950-million debt 

^tnent due Tuesday. Page 1 1. 

m Ridia«lson- Vicks Inc. agreed 
to be bought by Procter & 
Gamble for SUbdUontoe*- 
cape a bid by Unilever. Page 9. 

By Herbert Mitgang 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — E. B. White, 86. 
America's most influential essayist 
and srylisL died Tuesday of Alz- 
heimer’s disease at his home in 
North Brooklin. Maine, where he 
had lived for the past half-cemuiy. 

Mr. White was one of the coun- 
try’s great literary resources. His 
significance as a writer crossed gen- 
erations of readers and influenced 
many fellow-writers wise enough to 
emulate his standards of clarity 
and grace. 

His classic children's books, 
“Stuart Little," “Charlotte’s Web” 
and "The Trumpet of the Swan," 
continue to sell in the hundreds of 
thousands every year. 

His importance to students was 
immeasurable because of his slim 
book on English usage. “Fhe Ele- 
ments of Style." which is used os a 
text in high schools and colleges. 

His comments, pieces and poems 
in The New Yorker helped to set 
the tone or sophisticated wit. irrev- 
erence and necessary candor al- 
most since the magazine's begin- 
nings in the 1 920s. 

And his independent stands in 

Helen Macfnnes, the mystery 
writer, is dead at 77. Page 6. 

the “Talk of the Town" column of 
The New Yorker and elsewhere 
brooked no nonsense about ex- 
cesses in American corporate and 
political life. 

Mr. White's score or books, 
which include essays, poems, 
sketches and letters, indude “The 
Points of My Compass,” “The Sec- 
ond Tree from the Comer.” “Here 
is New York.” “One Man's Meat" 
and. with the late James Thurber. 
“Is Sex Necessary?" 

On subjects that were especially 
dose to his heart — the freedom 

and integrity of the press, persona! 
privacy and liberty, the intrusion of 
advertising and commercialism 
into everyday living, the conserva- 
tion of nature, and world govern- 
ment — Mr. White could be sharp- 
ly outspoken. His opponents often 
succumbed before the force of his 
purity, ridicule and common sense. 

Above alL Mr. White’s strength 
as a writer was rooted in his respect 
for his audiences — child, junior 
and adult — regardless of what the 
pollsters and market surveys de- 
clared as scientific truth. "No one 
can write decently who is distrust- 
ful of the reader's intelligence." he 

Mr. White won the National 
Medal or Literature in 1971 and a 
Pulitzer Prize special citation in 
1978 for the body of his work. 

“The Elements of Style.” which 
he updated from the privately 
primed notes made in 1918 by hi’s 

old Cornel! professor. William 
Strunk Jr_ and revised several 
times since, has sold millions of 
copies. The While-Strunk book 
first appeared about three decades 
ago and is the most enduring book 
of -American English usage. 

.Although he had lived in Man- 
hattan in the 1920s and 1930s, Mr. 
White and bis late wife, Katharine, 
who died in 1977, enjoyed their 
privacy in Maine. They had been 
married for 48 years. They bought 
an old farmhouse in 1933 and lived 
in it almost continuously beginning 
in 1938. 

In a 1984 biography of Mr. 
White. Scott Elledge recounted 
some of Mr. White's best news- 
break headings, including one writ- 
ten for on advertisement someone 
spotted in a Pittsburgh newspaper. 
The ad read; "Gent's laundry tak- 
en home. Or serve at parties at 
night." Mr. White’s heading was, 
"Oh. take it home." 

White Reveled 
In Hope, Nature 

The Associated Pros 

HEW YORK — Here are 
some samples of EA While's 

“As long as there is one up- 
right man, as long as there is 
one compassionate woman, the 
contagion may spread and the 
scene is not desolate. Hope is 
toe thing that is left to us, in a 
bad time. I shall get up Sunday 
morning and wind the dock, as 
a contribution to order and 

— from a 1973 letter 
“It was the best place to be, 
thought Wilbur, this warm deli- 
cious cellar, with the garrulous 
geese, the changing seasons, the 
heat of toe sun, the passage of 
swallows, the nearness of rats, 
the sameness of sheep, toe love 
of spiders, the smell of manure, 
and the glory of everything.” 
— from “Charlotte's Web" 

U.S. Krugerrand Imports 
Banned Starting Oct. 11 

Compiled by Oar Staff Fran Dispatcher 

WASHINGTON — President 
Ronald Reagan issued an executive 
order Tuesday banning the Ameri- 
can import of the Krugerrand,' the 
South African gold coin, as a sanc- 
tion against Pretoria’s system of 
racial segregation. The ban takes 

effect OcL II. 

Mr. Reagan emphasized that toe 
action was directed at apartheid 
and the South African government 
and not at the South African peo- 
ple. He said U.S. trading, partners 
had been informed. ■ 

The order carried out one of sev- 
eral economic sanctions against 
South Africa announced by Mr. 
Reagan on Sept. 9. which he said 
were designed, to deal with an “un- 
usual and extraordinaiy"emergeni 
cy in South Africa^ Mr,. Reagan 
said be acted “in view of the con- 

tinuing nature of that emergency." 

Mr. Reagan told Congress that 
the ban-had been ordered “in rec- 
ognition of the fact the Krugerrand 
is perceived in toe. Congress as an 
important symbol of apartheid." 

The House of Representatives, 
controlled by toe Democrats, re- 
cently passed a bill that would pro- 
hibit imports of new Krugerrands^ 
A -similar bQl .fe pending in the 
Republican-controlled Senate. 

In his Sept. 9 order. Mr, Reagan 
said the United States would con- 
suit with the General Agreement 
on Tariffs and Trade before impos- 
ing a bau on importation of Kru- 
gerrands. • 

The earlier executive order also 
called for restrictions on hanV 
loansjo Sob to Africa and exports 
of ctmpatBrsandrmdear technol- 
ogy- (R*ders. AP) 

Page 2 


In Brazil, Democratic Groups Face Tough Struggle Against Entrenched Ihwer Blocs 

By Alan Riding change. Brazilians are enjoying consider- than growing in strength and authority, general amnesty at first seemed to bene- lion candkhiie, Tancredo Neves, be- feed'and 

_ __ *■* TtmesSenS* able political freedom, but the en- the fSe prc&es tbaTexisted when the fit only former guerrillas. But it now cause it fdt confident he would not be P 

* A HEIRO • — When the trenched power of the military, business military left office have broken into protects military officers held respons- radical. . emment are ngnung Meanwhik. the population doubled 

armed forces stepped down in Argentina and bureaucratic elites barely has been squabbling factions, while 25 new and ble for human rights abuses from facing To wm, Mr. Neves formed a Demo- _<■ an d rbe country’s vast interior was 

J“P^mber 1983, and in Uruguay 15 touched. The country's democratic insti- invariably minuscule parties have ap- the kind of charges that were brought cratic Alliance rms1%4 adltics opened up. Nowjtbeeighth largest econ- 

enun fToiic ! — - 1 i ‘ * — 1« tr — — Aarhf a him Tbit meanfthai have asain surfaced. A function of Bra- omy m the West is mexiscing with an 

immediately reappeared, generating significant reforms. 

tions of individual politicians than ideals 

witnessed the spectacle of a knockdown Optimists argue that the complex task 


i_ongress came alive, and something that Moreover, the country has recently or voter interests. NEWS ANALYSIS 

could be recognized as the democracy of witnessed the spectacle of a knockdown Optimists argue that the complex task 

yore returned. battle between Congress and the press, of constructing Brazil's first authentic . 

But when 21 veare of Brazilian dicta- die democratic institutions that had suf- democracy now is under way, with new. ^inst Argentina s I onner junta mem- 

L: a _ -linn UU.U1 , . A. C i i:i u DCTS. 

cratic Alliance between opposition Without a strong execute*. many of aname oomnys vra _ 

groups and dissidents who left the ruling the characteristics of pre-1964 politics opened °P- tfe 
party and joined him. This meant that have again surfaced. A function of Bra- omy m West is ooexistii^ withM 
his cabinet was crowded with faces that, ail's vastness, regional competition for antumatod and, m some regions, even 
in the ewes of the public, had long been power has intensified, with many states feod£ potmcal s ystem. . . 

id e ? «S S wi.h. t h e P to« 0 r s hip ; . SH 

iqndrip ended in March, neither the tra- fered mosI during ihe dictatorship, more representative forces likely to 

diUon nor the structure of party 
was ready to fill the vacuum Th 
hardly a memory of democracy. 

Newspapers have portrayed Congress as en 
crowded with lazy, overpaid, and even scl 
corrupt politicians, while congressional 

ge from local and national elections 
tiled over the next three years. 

Further, unlike the Argentine and ning maw, me ihoih ua»* « u» i/**r umu r : r.v: ^ 

Uruguayan resumes, which monopolized military Democratic Social Party, Josh personalities, also has returned, with a several re«m strikes. Tens of toousmms 

ptJS^mtil^fSkt moment, bSs Sarmtyfwho succeeded him. former preadem, Jamo Quadros, and ^ 

generals accepted major advances by the While enjoying considerable populan- the govonor of Rjo de Janeiro state, «™amntiKare 

opposition in congressional and guber- ty. however. Mr. Saroey has lacked the Leonel Bnzola, eat* wnmrng an audi- mobilizing poor and nnddlfrdass peqpie 
natorial elections in 1982. And. while power to maintain the Democratic Alii- ena: with populist messages. v 

last year the military vetoed direct pres- ance as a functioning coalition. Cam- But this old-style politics seems out of it is too cany to tot w hethe r tins 

But not a few skeptics have concluded power until the last moment. 

B T , leaders have accused journalists of pro- that, in the words of the papular play- generals accepted major advances by the 

“ Ieast .j 5 years old moting a new coup by undermining de- wright Dias Gomes, “the new system is opposition in congressional and guber- 

oould have voted for a president, and no mocracy. the old system with a face-lift.*’ natorial elections in 1982. And, while 

prc~ Pa rties survived. Many people Among the political parties, it is as if In reality, the armed forces skillfully I®* 1 year die military vetoed direct pres- 
seemed unsure of what to expect, former allies against the dictatorship prepared the ground to avoid a sharp deniial elections, it went alone with the 

break with the past. For example, a 1979 

As a result, six months after the now were free to be enemies. Rather break with the past- For example, a 1 

last year the military vetoed direct presi- 
dential elections, it went along with the 
electoral college victory of the opposi- 

ance as a functioning coalition. Cam- But this old-style pohocs a 
paigning is under wayfor crucial imnrici- place because. In contrast to 
pal elections in state capitals .in ences of Argentina and Un 

the expert- roots democracy can eventually infra* 

Uruguay, Bra- ence the way Brazil is governed. 

U.S. Lowers Estimate 
Of Soviet Plane’s Range 

By Michael R. Gordon Backfire should be counted as a 

New York Time* Service heavy bomber. 

WASHINGTON — The De- And the Pentagon's latest report 
fense Intelligence Agency has sig- on Soviet military power expressed 
nifkantly lowered its estimate of the former Defease Intelligence 
the range of a Soviet bomber that Agency view that the Backfire had 
has figured in the Geneva arms an urtref tided combat range of 
talks, according to Reagan admin- about 3,000 miles (4,850 ktiome- 

istration officials. 

ters). That range assumes the 

Administration experts said bomber will fly at a high altitude to 
Monday that the new estimate rein- conserve fud, coming in low only 
forced the contention by some to attack. Some military analysts 
arms control proponents that the say that assumption is unrealistic 
the TU-26 bomber, better known because such a tactic would make 
in the West as the Backfire, was the bomber easier to detect 
designed to attack ships and targets An administration official said 

in Europe and Asia, not in the the new estimate meant “ basic har- 
United States. mony” for the American intdli- ' 

The lower estimate raises ques- gence branches over the -plane's 
tions about the administration's abilities. An official argued uial thd- 
decision to treat the Backfire as intelligence report esiabtifitied jhaf 

part of Moscow’s long-range made- the bomber should not be in the 
ar arsenal in the Geneva talks. “strategic category* 

But some administration offi- But a Pentagon official dis- 
mals said they expected the United agreed, saying.- “While the question 
States to keep to its position that of the bomber range may be an 
the Backfire should be limited by important debating point for ana- 
any future arms control agreement lysts, it is not central to the military 
because the Soviet Union could significance , of the aircraft. No- 
add to the bomber’s refueling ca- body claims that the Backfire can- 
parity. 'not reach the U.S. if based in arctic 

The potential threat of the Bach.- regions and if it is refueled.'’ 
fire to the U.S. mainland wa&3e- 
bated in the late 1970s by support- 
ers and opponents of (5iie 1979 TJ r II A • I T 
treaty to limit strategic nuclear J^lOIU jLtuJB L 
arms. ■ ; 

The Backfire was-. Tad defined as 
a “heavy bomher".m that treaty. In By James M Markham Teltschik, 
return*, the SpSiet Union assured New York Time. s Service “a vital in 

the United plates in a ride agree- BONN — Chancellor Helmut ny to take 
meal, tha^ the production rate of Krill's national security adviser has 
the bom v jer' would not exceed 30 a called for a governmental agree- 
. ysaforiad that Moscow would not meat with the United States to co- 
. r the Backfire the capacity to ordinate the participation of West 
ikirry out intercontinental mis- Ger man industry in the Reagan ad- 
; aons. ministration's research program for 

During the treaty driiate, Carter an anti-missile shield- 
administration officials said that Hie security adviser, Horst 

the bomber's ability to cany out ■ •— 

intercontinental strikes was limit- 
ed. They also maintained that an 1 T\ l 

effort to classify the B^kfireasa (jFggKg UCDS 
strategic bomba would lead the ^ ^ 

Soviet Union to step up its de- _ . 

mands for limits on American air- New rark T ma Semce 

craft based in Europe, a restriction ATHENS — The defection of a 
opposed by the United States. senior Soviet military intelligence 
But critics of the 1979 treaty said official who was based in Greece 
that the Backfire should be treated and the arrest of three alleged spies 
as a heavy bomba. They said the in the Greek armed forces have 
pla yie could carry a heavy load of fueled an intense political dispute 
weapons to attack the United here over the extent of Soviet spy- 
S tales and then return to the Soviet ing in this NATO nation. 

Union or land at Cuban airfields. U.S. officials confirmed last 
Adding fuel to the controversy week that Sergei Bokhan, 49, the 

South African Police 


Fight Student Protesters Police and Youths Clash in Liverpool 

^ LIVERPOOL (AP) — A crowd of 300 yotzths stoned a police atai: 

The Associated Press on Sept 6 after two weeks of riot- 

JOHANNESBURG — South ing that left at least three dozen 
African police fought crowds of people dead. The action threw 
high school students who threw more than 360,000 pupils oat of 
roots after a rally Tuesday, and classes, 
tens of thousands of youngsters headquarters in Pretoria 

boycotted classes in Cape Town’s reported SrestfoCape Town and 
mixed-race districts. seven other areas late Monday and 

Battles between police and stu- Tuesday. Two blacks were 
dents followed a rally by 4,000 SSed mSi by mote, and po- 

young people at the University of lice shot and killed a third man m a 
the Western Cape, journalists said, rock-throwing crowd, police said. 

JSSEStriSSTZ; From Lusaka, Zambia, the out- 

kwed African National Congress 

versity buildings and one youth ESSS- 
was shot in the leg. Skirmishes con- ? 

tinned into the’ late afternoon. £ department stores m .central 
CZtZTTJjZy , «i_ Durban last Fnday. It said they 
woe part of a campaign “to take 

SAFE SMILE — KJaas de Jonge, who is sought by 
Sooth Africa on charges of snniggBng amts to black 
guerrillas, smiled from a window of the Dutch Embassy 
in Pretoria on Tuesday. Embassy officials denied that 
tihe police removed Mr. de Jonge, who has had sanctuary 
since July, when the building’s lease expired Tuesday. 

Wednesday to debate at each site . 

whether to continue the boycott, . on ? was hurt in the explo- 
but not to attend classes. rions, winch came just after closing 

The government announced a tnne ‘ 
ban on all such meetings at mixed- Prerident Pieter W. Botha won 
race schools. praise from some whites for the 

Despite government pleas, stu- conriUatory tone of a speech he 
dents boycotted the schools when gave Monday night pledging some 
they opened Tuesday for the first concessions to blacks, including Jonge, who has had sanctuary day of the final term. participation inaproidential advi- 

ance July, when the building's lease expired Tuesday. Authority d«ed «4 schools 

1 * ' demand of Macks for a genuine 

_ TT T7 - share in national power. 

rses Accord With U.S. on SDl Role .jgsssffi SSWJS 

^ * ..... riianng is a fact of life in South 

Teltschik, said Monday that it was statement on the issue since Mr. Foreign Minister Hans- Dietrich Africa, then we will be committed 
“a vital interest" for West Geima- Teltschik returned from an 1 1-day Genscha’s reservations abont sign- to an upward spiraling of violence 
ny to take part in the UJ5. research fact-finding mission in the United ing a agreement have widely cucu- and continued unrest" 

Kohl Aide Urges Accord With U.S. on SDI Role 

Kohl's national security adviser has effort and he said a decision to States last month. 

called for a governmental agree- strike a govemment-to-govenunent Speaking to a seminar at the 

mart with the United Stales to co- accord could be reached by the end Konrad Adenauer Foundation out- 

^MkvGeiudier, according to offli- 

lOCDI W1U1 LUC UUUCU ouura ui w- u-™.- — — - , _ , ^ L, I-,. »u. uuumsfliu uiciwu; wm wui»- 

ordinate the participation of West of this year or early next year. side Bonn, A^ Tdtschik apptared Go^^^o^non mi^r ^ ^ dismantle some elements of 

German industry in (he Reagan ad- Mr- Teltschik’s endorsement of eaga to esubhsh firm West Ga- dra ^ ihe&M<^U^talks on arms gpufofa But ^ emphasized that 

ministration's roeaich program for West German participation in the man support for the U.S. research ^ "S* 114 whites ^ otber 

an anti-missile shield- Strategic Defense Initiative was the program, to banish doubts about Bonn satlanpts to broadeoducus- nonties had to be protected, and 

The security adviser, Horst Kohl government’s first public Bonn s attitude. In recent days, sionsvath Easton Europe. The or- suggested a kind of fedoal system 

me secu jy . ! «gn rnnisia is also known to frar for the different lies in 

that the VS. program could be- ^^n^ 

Greeks Debate Extent of Soviet Spying “SSSSfe— 

M. of Cf phanr^ilnr’s c1osp« sdvisers tenzed otha receoit speeches. The 

The security adviser, Horst Kohl government’s first public 

New York Times Service 

" K ~' chancellor’s closest advisers, 

Greek security service and the vestigating magistrate. He also said praised (he U.S. program for hav- 

terized otha recent 
influential Business 

ty newspa- 

ATHENS The defection of a atnouni of time required to verify that he had been blackmailed by ing prompted the latest Soviet pro- per sma ms remsu 

the defector’s statements. ihe Russians. Dosals for a reduction in offensive doubtedly the most 

senior Soviet military intelligence thedefector’s statements, 
official who was based in Greece . T 1 *.? 0 "?* said B f* hari 

posals for a reduction in offensive 

said his remarks woe “un- 
itedly the most positive state- 

He identified the Soviet officials Hc *“ 

« serious reservauons about the Sow- “But words are no substitute for 

tral Intelligence Agency ova the 
bomber’s range. The CIA took the 
less extensive view of the bomber’s 
range and armament 
The Soviet Union insisted 
throughout the treaty talks and 
since that the bomba lacked the 
range to mount a credible threat to 

and the airest of three alleged spies fed suffered personally by defect- to whom he gave information as serious reservations abwt^e Sovi- But words are no substitute for 

in the Greek armed forces have mg because the Greek government Mik-hnil Bludov, Aleksandr Kali- et demand that the United States action, the papa added, 

fueled an intense political dispute bad agreed to Soviet demands to ^ ^ Valery Kocharuk. All three renounce its iwearcn. The proposal to include blades 

here ova the extent of Soviet spy- feu ova bis wife and 7-year-old were ^oned a[ Soviet Com- 1 have doubts about wbdh- m ^ j Modem's Council is un- 
ingin this NATO nation. daughter. mercial Mission in ALhens begin- CT °ne can limit research, or wMto- “to put out any fires in 

U.S. officials confirmed last Th * United States has said that ^ 1975 but are no loager in ^ 7fe| l research at aU. _ 50^^ for that matter, con- 

ftuuiun >u« « wuuvvuaj week that Sergei Bokhan, 49, the Mf- Bokhan wait to Washmgtim the country. blr-Tdtsduk told Jegmlteringof ovoseas banks to reopen 

Be5L K dSS^ r ,o^ sf 10 ^ “ 

SSSS2““ ESSr ** wwaf j — bmE&MS 

ranm and armamenL Greece . J v ton For permission 10 talk to the to the petitions by American sden- to radge the significance of the 

(xreek enverament uumaij use u » uuciauug iu ■ — — ■ 1 .7 — — o ouuwwmui . 

Lasi^ weAOjnstantine Milsota- Greece. ton For permission 10 talk to 1 be to the petitions by American sden- 10 J ud gg die sgnificaoce of the 

kis. the leader of the conservative Sources here said Mr. Bokhan defector, it has not demanded that lists opposing the U.S. research. He but that the Rfiaganadnim- 

od position, said Mr Bokhan’s rev- a ^ so supplied information on how Moscow gram access to the three said the Soviet Union had been “* ral *° n welcomed those portions 
SSKE 0* G& P« w* manipulated ^ randujMg resrarchbuj Mli-bal- 1m “tt-b -U . mm - 

The Reipan 1? had infiltraied the Foreign Minis- 10 anti-Western sentiment Conservative and centrist oppo- Us tic weapons systems for two de- pofeical J^ fonn ', ^ough it re- 
ti7 tiered forreL and on Soviet support for some sition memfeis in the Greek parlia- cades. “It is not known to me that mams unto as to how tbeyareto 

2^21 Sd terrorist activities £ the WesL mem have demanded that the gov- b the last two decades there have be negotiated and implemented, 

va arms taucs nas Decn urn inc v Shortly after Mr. Bokhan defect- emmem explain its role in handing been protests by scientists and oth- M - c — ^ «■■■** •»*-* 

be ne gotia ted "nd implemented.' 

Prime Minister Andreas Paoan- Ji»wruy aim 1™. uuuuu uu«.r — — — — r'— ■■■ — --a pwiwuvj mbuuu »» Mr. Speakes said that Mr. Botha 

rame jvumster Anoreas raj»n- ^ ^ Greek areested ova Mr. Bokhan’s family, its m- ers afeinst this Soviet research pro- had “raterated his commitment to 

, 1 ,if e Constantine Serepisios, 35, a na^al ability to combat Soviet infiltration gram.” reform, be has spoken dearly about 

ing tnat omy me mr« persons ar- and two Greeks who were and its purported unwillingness to West German industry, be said,- the goals of common citizenship 

res lea were mvoivw mspying. ae with Hewlett-Packard Co. offend Moscow. is particularly interested in a ac- and a universal franchise for all in a 

SSJ^XtSTelSSSst and ITT. All have been charged The Greek government so far has cord with the United Stales to regu- united South Africa and has ex- 

ith spying. filed only a lower-level protest hie such issues as technology shar- pressed his willingness to negotiate 

One of them, Michael Megaloe- about the spying incidents to a So- ing, patents and pricing for with a broad range of black leaders 

.v... rharof 1 il'iff.iins Dnn.nnn mnfmne « 

Italy’s Inflation Rises 0.4% " 

Reuters rested wc 

ROME — Inflation in Italy rose also accu 
0.4 percent in September after a refusing 1 
02-percem increase in August, the question 

(tffidal statistics institute, IffTAT, 
reported Tuesday. The year-to-year 

refusing to allow Greek officials to “Tt _JLv__ 
question Mr. Bokhan and of with- 

holding information on the case. 
Reagan administration officials 

conomou, 37, confessed to the in- viet charge d’affaires. 

Pentagon contracts. 

ova these and otha issues.” 

rise for September was 8 J percent, bad no immediate comment on Mr. 
compared with 8.6 percent in Au- Papandreou's accusations. 

udreou s accusations. TAT* • • Tl • TP T • •- *1 n _ 

. fti^ndrcou ^ .laa w,k ISiQena. ui Economic tmersency. Limits UU Barter 

lir. Mitsotakis s charges were C? 7 O */ ^ 

Mr. Papandreou said last week 
that Mr. Mitsotakis's charges were 
intended to destabilize democracy 
in Greece and to undermine his 

Chnr ™ U 1 ® 606 “xi 10 undermine hi 
,-tomnnns^ United States was behind the re 




Remm would clamp down on new borrow- The government also planned to 

j™ LAGOS — Nigeria's new znili- ing and only repay foreign and do- raise funds by selling off its hold- 
iiicy He aiso lmpnea mat ihe lcader Tuesday declared a mestic debts whose validity had ings in state-run companies and 

nhkl States was behind the re- ° f ecmotmc ; emergency for been established. agencies, he said. 

the next 15 months and said the In a move to restore Nigeria s Prion ty would be given to en- 


ports of widespread spying. * e . ncxl ^ months and said the In a move to restore Nigeria’s Priority would be given to en- 

^ ^ , nation would end the practice of foreign-exchange reserves, Genaal couraging agriculture, with rice and 

Souths ctose to the rase say that bartering oil for consumer goods Babangida said a plan to allow’ the com imports banned as part of 
r. Bokhan is providing valuable ^ food. opening of foreign-currency bank efforts to switch from dependence 

Mr. Bokhan is providing valuable ^ fop£ 

information on the Soviet spying “During ibis period we aim to accounts within the country would on imported food toward self-suffi- 
network m Greece and elsewhere, visibly tum around the economy be rerived immediately. 

The information, they said, will and lay a solid foundation for a — 

be passed on to Greek 'authorities healthier long term development." 
only on a gradual and selective ba- Major Genaal Ibrahim Bab an- TT - -1 1 x 

sis because of a lack of trust in the gida, who seized powa a month IltXIllcI 14 
ago, said in a nationwide broad- 
cast- The 4ssociu-teJ Pi 

Sparrow Species Is Cot to 2 WASHTOOTON - 

The Associated Press could be used to finance industrial M. Heckla has agreed 

Nigerians are locked in an inter- 
nal debate over whether to accept 
an International Monetary Fund 
baDout An agreement with the 
IMF would unlock up to $5 billion 
in loans. In return, Nigeria would 
have to submit to IMF conditions % 
that would make life even more 
difficult than h is now, at least 

Heckler to Leave U.S. Cabinet for Irish Post 

if he had been dissatisfied with ba 



****%& asa— * 

Sparrow Species Is Cot to 2 Gmaai "9* ‘fe S« v : 

1 r emment will look into whether oil 

The Associated Press could be used to finance industrial 

ORLANDO, Florida — One of and technological developments on 
only three remaining dusky seaside a prqjea-bv-p reject basis, 
sparrows known to exist has died. The use of barter covering a wide 

WASHINGTON — Margaret 

M. Heckla has agreed to give up 

sparrows known to exist has died, 
bringing the fragile species one step 
from extinction, said experts at 
Walt Disney World. 

The use or barter covering a wide 
range of products and several na- 
tions was started by the govern- 


Far Lite. Addmutcfr Work Eupwiew* 

P a st a c a tor paopla who worn to be more effect ivo 
end secure m their Jobs or Prates s»cmts. 

ny ulilumg iora <ila and no* amrience Cr hgg- equ^ai»y.i 
, geari» oraqrntn fo» fOU* rtj. ankteft tor»paoy iraning. vhMtinI 

■ raurtft. wn-’flr, .m ciu*n«'t*r«p«w!ch*, Ap ■■o'lirjv 

P— 1 * ***** 1 ciettits no nwrno* (*ifln rjh*n f*o rrrjuircix. 

■**^ 1 ' Oil' q'fldvuhl't 41 ’•cagtuffttj fo I Thnr aL N«v* f H P H lHP tUA-ra 

mi UMmm$n ^ V* win /On hi 

A-. yam mitikhiI (Omul cfnvwi M rfSueyr 31 inu> Mnpvj* 

•oe.ttncri -A tM f'W 

ban iflKlW 

B'JT Di^txts | >»«driWrnumPon*gi* mci"ilK pJ»*Vc HBriwnmlai ■ 
•>K*| I w CHif WJ'WWn 

mem of Major General Mo bam- cious gossip" and “falsehoods” re- 
ined Buhari. who was removed in pons that Mrs. Heckler was foreed 
the recent coup. from her cabinet job because White 

General Babangida also prom- House staff members were unhap- 
ised. without giving details, that py with her performance. 

next year he would announce a ' » . ,■ , „ 

program for Nigeria's political fu- ' 

ne Assmu-teJ press if he had been dissatisfied with ha Published reports said that the 

WASHINGTON — Margaret P crformance - White House chief of staff. Donald 

M. Heckla has agreed to give up “She has done a fine job at T. Regan, wanted ha to relinquish 
ha job as secretary of health and HHS." he said, appearing with the job and had arranged for her to 
human services to become ambas- Mrs. Heckla in the White House be offered the ambassadorship, 
sador to Ireland. President Ronald briefing room. which is vacant. 

Reagan announced Tuesday. Mis. Heckla had said privately Mrs. Heckla. 54, was one of two 

Mr. Reagan denounced as“mali- s fe fe 1 "£» w “ l ^ ambassador- 
cious and “fidrehoods- re- ^P- Bul Tuesday she said, ’’I see a otha is Trangjortanon Seoetaiy 

Reagan announced Tuesday. 

Mr. Reagan denounced as“mali- 

ports that Mrs. Heckla was foreed ^opportunity f puNic ser- 
From ha cabinet job because White Jfe®* added that it would 
House staff members were unhap- fe v . e beea 'n’«»POOSible to have 

said no to the president at his re- 

which is vacant. 

Mrs. Heckler, 54, was one of two 
women m Reagan's cabinet. The 
otha is Transportation Secretary 
Elizabeth H. Dole. 

A lawyer and forma congress- 
woman, Mrs. Heckla was named 
to hold the department in January 
1983. She had been defeated the 

LIVERPOOL (AP ) — A atom! of 300 youths stared a police station 
and set several cars on fire Tuesday evening in Liverpool, the third British 
city hit by violence in less than a month. 

Police in riot gear sealed off part of IiverpooTs Toxteth district after 
groups of youths stoned and set alight cant and hnried missiles from & 
irwvingc^ through two windows at the Hope Street Pdice Station on die - 
outskirts of the district. Armored police vans were also pehed. . 

Home Secretary Douglas Hurd bad met with co mmunity leadere from -"i 
London’s Brixton section, where 91 persons woe injured and 220 
arrested in weekend dashes, and warned that Britain’s "divided” dries 
were powda kegs waiting to explode. Brixton was calm Tuesday. p 

Losses in Shipping linked to GuH War 

LONDON (Rentas) — Merchant shipping sustained last year its 
worst tonnage loss since World War n, mainly became of the war 
between Iran and Iraq, Lloyd’s Register of Shipping said Tuesday. 

A Lloyd's spokesmaiLsaid that 235 anDkaz tons of merchant stripping 

were lost in 1984, nearly half of it in the Gulf war. The total of drips lost_g| 

327, was the lowest since 1974*, the spokesman added, but “the aggrgr 
at 2353.941 tons gross outstripped previoos figures.” . r .,-f .... I 

licytTs List, (he shipping dafly, raid that Greece suffered the hegt 1 

tonnage loss in 1984 with 21 vessels, foUowwj by Liberia and && j 
Arabia. Most casualties were general cargo < vessds r which acootmtc£ar 
178 of the total. Oil tanka losses were put at 25. | 

The tonnage loss reflects a sharp rise this year in the mnoba of tms4e 
and air strikes on international shipping iu the Gulf, where Iraq is tryhz 
to cot off Iran’s oil exports. Iraqi planes attacked Iran’s Khaig Mandril 
terminal in the Golf again Tuesday, a Baghdad miHtaiy spokesman saifi, 
in the 18th raid since mid- August - ' 

Palme, Citing Economy, Asks Unity 

STOCKHOLM (Reuters) — 

Prime Minister Okrf Palme ap- 
pealed Tuesday for national unity 
to help his minority government 
struggle with Sweden's economic 

Speaking before the recently 
elected parliament in^ which his So- 
cial Democrats hold 1S9 of the 349 
seals, Mr. Palme called for coc^a- 
ation, saying that all parties shared 
the responsibility far Sweden’s fu- 
ture. He said his government would 
impose an austerity program to 
bring down, the inflation rate, but 
' would leave tax rates largely un- 

That would mean farther budget 
cuts to reduce the deficit that has 
forced Sweden to borrow heavily - • un 

abroad, he said. Mr. Pahne seemed Priine Mhrister Okrf Palme 
to be seekmg the support of the V ' 

center-right opposition and resisting pressurefrom his Co mmunis t Party 
allies to increase corporate taxes. He also urged e ag rioyra s and unions to 
negotiate wage agreements that would not uneaten Sweden’s dure of a 
shrinking wold market . * . ’ 

Zimbabwe Parties Expected to Merge 

HARARE, Zimbabwe (Remen) — Prime Minister Robert Mbgabs- 
and Zimbabwe's opposition leaderj Joshua Nkomo, meet soon w./ 
mage their rival parties, authoritative sources said Tuesday. 

The sources said the two leaders would discuss a document outfinmg 
broad pfexts of agreement on the proposed union that waa approved by 
negotiating teams from both parties ova the weekend. 

N^otiatasreportedljr have agreed to call Ac party 2n*abwe African ' 
National Union, droppng Patriotic Front, the name of die alliance 
formed by the two parties to fight white rule in what was then Rhodesia. 

EC Aid Proposed After Enlargement 

LUXEMBOURG (Reuters) —France called Tneaday on the Europe- 
an Community to honorits commitment to ease die plight of Mediterra- 
nean narirms affected by the entry of Spain and Portugal next year. 

The French minis ter for external relations, Roland Dumas, cut short 
fn' , qtle pti«noe at a meeting of ermnminity fogeifflmmistas here to retnm 
to Paris far consultations on the Israeli attackTaesdayagamstPalestiii- 
ian sites in Tbnisia. But he said before leaving .that France would ensure 
commitments to southern Mediterranean nations woe safeguarded be- 
fore enlargement, doe Jan. 1. 

He would not comment directly on whether ratificatio n of the Spanirij^ 
and Portognese entry treaties might be delayed m the French parliament ‘ 
unless the 10 agreed on conditions for southern Mediterranean products. 
Ministers are expected to resume their discussion Oct 21. - 

U.S. Panel Seeks Tinmnnity for T^mster 

WASHINGTON (LAT) — -The President's Commission on. Organized 
Crime has renewed.rfforts to question Jackie Poster, the president of the 
lnuanational Brotherfwod of Teamstas, according to sources familiar 
with die case. 

The oiganized crime pand has asked the Justue Department feu the 
authority to give Mr. Prissaimimunty firam proseention so it can compel 
him to testify about -alleged links between organized crime and the 
Teamsters, the sources said. The Justice Departmen t , after an inquiry, 
decided not to prosecute Mr. Presser on labor frand charges. 

In an appearfece before commission attorneys in August, Mr. Prcsser 
again invoked his Fifth Amendment privilege against agf-incrimination, 
officials said. He toede the same stance in April, argoing then thm he was 
unda investigation by the Justice Dgiartroent: It was nndgg-.what basis 4 

Mr. Pressa had for citing the. privilege afta the Justice Departments 
inquiry was dropped. 

Union Carbide Charged in U.S* Leak * 

WASHINGTON (WP) — The UR Occupational Safety and Health^] 
Administration Tuesday charged Union Carbide Corp. with six willful *L 
safety violations in the chemical leak that hospitalized more than 140 * 
people last August in Institute, West Virginia. 1 

The federal agency proposed $32, 100 in penalties. Accompanying 
documents provided detailed allegations of at least six ag yrate safety w 
lapses ova an 11-day period that combined to cause (he rehsaseaf a toxic J 
pesticide doud. . 9 

A company spokesman saidUnkm Qtrbide wonld contest riv rfmTgm % 

For the Record j 

The new UJS. a mb assa d or to Greece, Robert V. Kedey, who found 7 

himsdf in difficulty for remarks dorms his Senate <xmfirmation.heari a cn 4 

| Pacific Western University | 

1 WN.jMuMdaUywUnAaaetobCanianiiaTMm- D«irt.23-UXA. I 

procram For Nigeria's political fu- . Mosl sports focused on ques- She also said that Mr. Reagan previous autumn in her bid for a 
ESrhL has bStote the past Simh term as represemative. 

as a hint or an eventual rewrite “8- m Ireland, newspapers Tuesday 

civilian rule. oS 11161 P resideal ““d dial no sue- criticized the appointment. 

General Babangida. however. cessor had been “’“rted for ha Tbe Irish Press, a national daily, 

placed immediate priority on eco- 1 SSJ ^ described the reassignment as an 

noraic recovery. Questions had been raised about “unseemly wrangle,” with Ireland 

“This emergency period will re- Mre - Heckla s cammicmem to Mr. “being suggested as a convenient 

quire strong belt-tightening not un- igeneies. Reagan's conservative philosophy, dumping groond." 

like what was experienced during Mr. Reagan said he did not re- She was considered moderate to The Irish Independent, another 

like what was experienced during wr. Keagan said ne did not re- She was considered moderate to 
the civil war." he said, alluding to E ar< * embassies as "dumping liberal when she served os a Repub- 
the Biafra hostilities of 1967-70. grounds” and that he would not lican congresswoman from Massa- 
Undcr his plan, the gmaiimeni hare offered Mrs. Heckler the posi chuselts. 

Tbe Irish Press, a national daily, 
described the reassignment as an 
“unseemly wrangle,” with Ireland 
“being suggested as a convenient 
dumping groond.” 

Tbe Irish Independent, another 

Dublin daily, su g gested that Thom- 
as P. O’Neill Jr., the speaker of the 
House, should be offered tbe post. 

about forma Greek “dependency” on the United States, arrived Tuesday . Z 
saying he would do^ “everything possible to maintain and promote Greek- * 
Amer i can rel ati o n s.” ...... (AP) A 

Ran travel throaghout France was felled Tuesday by a gtriW <jf 
locomotive engureers against a new series' of spot checks introduced after ® 
rail accidents claimed S4 lives tins summer. (Reuters) 

Jfahn Z. De Lorcaa. die former antrMBobfle ummif Ai'iia w, ^ ■ 

guilty Monday in Detroit to stealing SS-9 mQfion from investors in his ' 
failed car company and was released on a Jl-mfllion unsecured bond. 

(AP) ' 

A cmmtdonm began Tuesday s! Gape Canaveral, Florida, for tlte' 
Thursday launching of the space rimttlc Atlantis on a dassified nrisata - 
to deploy two military commumcationssateDites thal are ^mrided against ' 

the electromagnetic effects of nuclear explosions. (AP) ^ 


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Page 3 






Published Vllfa The >n York Tnn sad Tbr ffwhingtiin Pint 

The Arms Control Tangle 

their somewhat, disingenuous presummJt 
maneuvers, Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gor- 
bachev have already framed the arms control 
issues they confront. They have not yet collid- 
ed, but someone is going to have to veer off. 

Contrary to Soviet pretensions, a meaning- 
ful reduction of nuclear arms needs to be 
measured not just in total warheads — wheth- 
er 50 percent or 40 or 60 — but by the types of 
weapons each side would retain. Even halving 
the number of poised warheads, as Moscow 
suggests, would not alter the power and vul- 
nerability of each side. Indeed, if the ratio of 
warheads to missiles is not also reduced, the 
perverse result could be greater instability. 

And contrary to American assertions, re- 
straint on offensive weapons cannot be di- 
vorced from President Reagan’s commitment 
to a space-based, “star wars” missile defense. 
Unrestrained pursuit of a defense can also 
upset the strategic balance. 

In the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty, both 
sides accept anti-missile research and a prohi- 
bition on deployment and much testing of 
anti-missile defenses. But that treaty can be 
canceled on a mere six months* notice. Its ban 
on certain radars has already been eluded, 
most conspicuously by the Soviet Union. Its 
bans on testing, notably in space, are chal- 
lenged by America's “star wars” program. 

That confronts the summit meeting with 
three questions, the first overriding the others: 

• What is the relationship of offense and 
defense? The president favors drastic reduc- 
tions in offense while both sides learn as much 
as they can about potential defense. Indeed, be 
would begin even now to “look at” what “mix” 
of defense and offense might eventually be 
desirable. Mr. Gorbachev says that unless 
space weapons are firmly prohibited, ‘’nothing 
else will work." He will not negotiate to permit 
defensive space weapons or their testing. 

Whether one fears or hopes for “star wars,” 
a linkage between offense and defense seems 
unavoidable. The more plausible any defense, 
the greater the pressure to counter it with 

greater offense. So if offensive weapons are to 
be reduced, either Mr. Gorbachev must prevail 
with firm limits on “star wars” or Mr. Reagan 
must win approval for both sides to seek an 
agreed mix of o (Tense and defense, revolution- 
izing strategic doctrine. 

As long as that quarrel festers, no further 
negotiations are likely to succeed. Settle it, and 
two major issues remain. 

• What is the shape of future offense? 
Counting warheads and not just the vehicles 
that cany them is progress, but numbers alone 
cannot define stability. When a single Soviet 
missile (or a future U.S. missile) carries 10 
warheads, it can in theory knock out five 
enemy missiles, giving the first attacker an 
enormous advantage. If the Russians were to 
dismantle one missile's 10 warheads while the 
United States, to give up 10, had to disarm 
three or four missiles, the Soviet edge would 
greatly increase. 

As the United States contends, the ratio of 
warheads to vehicles is of paramount impor- 
tance. Reducing the offense depends on a 
willingness to relieve first-strike anxieties. 

• How to define restraint mi defense? Since 
research on defense is desirable (and in any 
case un verifiable), and deployment is ac- 
knowledged to require negotiation, where is 
the boundary between them? Mr. Gorbachev 
argues persuasively that after tens of billions 
of dollars are invested in “mockups or test 
samples.” major testing will be irresistible. He 
wants a barrier at the laboratory door. Mr. 
Reagan favors research and design, including 
what he calls “permissible” testing under the 
ABM treaty, right to the edge of deployment. 

If the promise of limiting the offense were 
sufficiently great, it would surely benefit both 
the United States and the Soviet Union to 
agree on explicit schedules for any work on 
defense and to require, say, five years' notice 
of any significant deployment. Without such' 
limits on defense, the race for more offense as 
well as defense looks to be unstoppable. 


Poland’s Authentic Voices 

Vole in his elections. General Wojriech Jar- 
uzelski now tells restive Poles, and perhaps he 
will let pro- Solidarity prisoners out of prison. 
Lech Walesa, leader of the banned Solidarity 
movement, which has appealed for a boycott 
of the vote, immediately denounced the offer 
as “blackmail” noting that Poles cannot 
choose independent candidates for the elec- 
tions Ocl 13 to the nation’s parliament. 

The general is the hard and determined 
enforcer of martial law and its stern aftermath. 
But Mr. Walesa, still severely restricted in his 
political activity, has a superior claim to speak 
for the Polish people. Having weighed the 
trade-offs, he rejects paying General Jaruzel- 
ski’s price — popular' acquiescence in his 
brand of Communist rule — for cracking open 
the jails. The foreign friends of Poland should 
not second-guess Mr. Walesa on this decision. 

There is a harder issue — sanctions. It goes 
to the heart of the traditional attempt of .Amer- 
ican policy to deny legitimacy to unelected 
Communist regimes without unduly hurling 
the people living under them. As he deruxmeed 
the elections. Mr. Walesa urged Washington to 
end the remaining economic penalties that it 
imposed when martial law was declared in 
1981. He said that sanctions had fulfilled their 

purpose and were now “bringing more harm 
from the propaganda point of view than 
good.” His words followed a similar appeal by 
Cardinal Jozef Glemp, .mother unquestion- 
ably authentic spokesman of Poland, who 
called the sanctions “unjust” because “it is the 
people who suffer, not the government.” 

It is easy to say no to General Janizelski, 
who served a Soviet purpose by crushing dem- 
ocratic Solidarity — “There is no Solidarity 
as such,” he says — when be asks the end 
of sanctions. It is much more difficult to say 
□o to the leader of Solidarity and to the Ro- 
man Catholic primate of Poland, brave and 
clear-thinking men who know and share the 
burdens of the Polish people. 

On the domestic Polish issue of participa- 
tion in wbaL Mr. Walesa describes as “inau- 
thentic” elections. Poles will make their own 
choice, and Americans must respect iL On 
sanctions, where unavoidably the United 
States plays a role, Americans have no less an 
obligation to listen to the voices of the Polish 
people. The West should demand assurances 
that new loans will not be misspent, Mr. Wa- 
lesa says. “Poland should be helped as quickly 
as possibly when such a certainty exists.” 


A More Crowded Planet 

M. Peter McPherson, administrator of the 
U.S. Agency for International Development, 
reaffirmed to Congress last week his agency’s 
earlier finding that the United Nations “nei- 
ther funds abortion nor supports coercive fam- 
ily planning practices.” At the same time, 
however, he announced his decision to cut off 
U.S. contributions to UN population pro- 
grams because they do support such activities. 

This confusion might be funny if it did 
not have such devastating consequences for 
developing countries as they struggle to cope 
with runaway population growth. 

The effect of Mr. McPherson’s appalling 
decision is to stop the major source of support 
for what is now the largest remaining multi- 
lateral organization providing family planning 
help in the developing world. (Earlier actions 
by the Reagan administration have already 
crippled the largest nongovernmental organi- 
zations.) The administrator says he will re- 
direct the money through bilateral programs 
— which have long been regarded as less 
desirable channels because they may be re- 
garded by recipient countries as U.S. intru- 

sions into matters of individual choice. 

Mr. McPherson says that United Nations 
funding might possibly be restored if the Chi- 
nese government backed up its repeated re- 
nunciations of coercive practices with addi- 
tional actions, or if aid were limited to 
provision of contraceptive devices. But these 
compromises will never satisfy certain groups 
on the right that pressured Mr. McPherson 
into his current reversals. 

Those pressure groups have made it dear 
that their goal is not simply to stop any coer- 
cive practices in China — a matter that could 
be far more effectively pursued by bilateral 
negotiations than by disabling United Nations 
programs that have actually been a force fen 1 
moderation in China — but to force the Unit- 
ed States to stop funding any methods of birth 
control other than those that their religious 
beliefs deem “natural” 

And they will continue their destructive 
work until Congress and the administration 
have the courage to stand up to them and deal 
with the issue openly and honestly. 



1910: Los Angeles Times Is Bombed 
LOS ANGELES — It is estimated that be- 
tween fifteen and twenty persons were killed 
and twenty injured, many seriously, in explo- 
sions followed by fire [on Oct. 1] in the pre- 
mises of the “Times." a local newspaper. Of 
the one hundred persons working in the build- 
ing at the time of the explosions only fifty have 
so far been accounted for. The building is a 
total loss, damag e being estimated at S500.000. 
Mr. Andrews, the m an aging editor, says that 
the “Tunes” building was destroyed by the 
“enemies of industrial freedom.” There were 
three explosions. The building became a fiery 
furnace. Many of the men appeared at the 
windows, but were seen to fall back into the 
flames. Mr. Chandler, the manager, jumped 
from the third story, sustaining a broken leg. 
The “Tunes" employed non-union primers. 

1935: Tbe Dark Problem of War 

PARIS — Few moments in history have been 
so minutely examined as the last week of July, 
1914. when Europe collapsed into the great 
war. Yet one cannot traverse that record now 
without a sense of wandering upon a misty 
terrain, where cause and effect fail to agree, 
leaving between them a residuum of the inex- 
plicable. All the rationalizations of peace, war 
and the springs of national action still fail to 
explain the nature of the war process. One is 
conscious of that same sense when faced by the 
European news of today; and one cannot help 
wondering whether one reason for the failure 
of the great post-bellum effort to eliminate war 
is not to be found in the failure to analyze with 
sufficient subtlety the nature of the war pro- 
cess itself. Finer intellectual tools are needed 
to deal with the dark problem of war. 


JOHN HAY WHITNEY. Chuirman 195310a: 




LEE W. HUEBNER. Publisher 
Execuuw Editor REN£ BONDY 


Depot-. Editor RICHARD H. MORGAN 



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When Protectionism Is Better 
Than ' Voluntary 9 Restraints 

By W.IL 

C OATESVILLE, Pennsylvania — To under- 
stand the frustration that fuels the protec- 
tionist fervor in Congress, it is instructive to 
examine why voluntary restraints on imports 
favored by President Reagan do not hdp Ameri- 
can industry. The case of steel producers is a 
good lesson. 

Charles Blum, a U.S. trade negotiator, said 
this month that the 14 voluntary restraint agree- 
ments negotiated this year with foreign sted 
makers gave “the American sted industry a 
chance — probably its last chance — to put its 
house in order.” He said: “The monkey is now on 
the back of the domestic industry.” 

But these voluntary restraints have offered 
more monkey business than real relief, even 
where modernized and restructured steel compa- 
nies — those that have already put their houses in 
order — are concerned. 

One year ago. President Reagan derailed an 
attempt by Congress to impose quotas on sted 
imports. Mr. Reagan pressed for voluntary re- 
straints on imports that would reduce imports to 
18.5 percent of the domestic market. In response, 
the sted industry agreed to drop its legal efforts 
to end unfair trade despite a finding by the U.S. 
international Trade Co mmissi on that domestic 
sted makers had been injured by imports. 

Nevertheless, the president’s trade enforcers, 
through an array of exceptions, delays and com- 
promises, have managed to snatch failure from 
the jaws of success. The administration's pro- 
gram is not working, for these reasons: 

First, overall import levels have not declined in 
the way the administration promised. Through 
the middle of 1985, sted imports were still skim- 
ming 26 percent of America's domestic market, 
some 7.5 percentage points above the level the 
president targeted last year. Each percentage 
point represents roughly a million tons of sted, 
and, according to the Congressional Research 
Service, for every million tons that are imported, 
9,400 Americans jobs in steel and related in- 
dustries are lost 

The chief culprit is the so-called front-end 
loading process. In anticipation of the import 
restrictions, foreign producers saturated their 


order books. U.S. negotiators let them fill these 
last-minute orders by loading exports in the first 
years of the five-year arrangements. 

A second reason the program has not worked 
is that every time an unfair exporter is brought 
under control, another abuser takes its place. The 
administration has negotiated arrangements 
with 14 steel-producing countries, but imports in 
the first half of this year came from 76 countries, 
including 18 without sted mills. 

By far the largest increase has come from the 
East bloc. With respect to sted plate, for exam- 
ple, Romania, East Germany, Poland. Hungary. 
Czechoslovakia and -Yugoslavia accounted for 
35.6 percent of total imports through June 1985, 
op from 2.6 percent in the 1984 period. 

Even people who argue that trade relation- 
ships with the European and Japanese allies 
justify some sacrifice of U.S. jobs find it hard to 
explain why East-bloc nations should be allowed 
to profit so handsomdy at America’s expense. 

Perhaps the pr o g r a m 's greatest deficiency is 
that it undermines a guiding principle bf sted 
stabilization — that import relief would enab le 
American industry to modernize in order to 
compete more effectively with foreign steel mak- 
ers. The president’s program has the opposite 
effect: Companies that nave already paid the 
price of modernization are being hurt the most. 

Consider the Lukens Sted Co„ a Pennsylvania 
corporation with annual sales of $300 milli on 
Since 1979, Lnkens has streamlined its opera- 
tions by cutting the salaried work force in half, 
increasing furnace productivity by 150 percent, 
reducing energy use by 24 percent and improving 
worker productivity by more than 23 percent It 
uses the most modem electric furnaces. 

Lukens’ s chief products are carbon-plate sted 
and a higher valued alloy-plate sted. When Presi- 
dent Reagan restricted exports, his trade negotia- 
tors did not differentiate between carbon and 
alloy plates, thus allowing foreign mills to fill 
their import allotments with a greater percentage 
of high-value, alloy-plate products. The effect on 
the domestic alloy-plate market has been dra- 
matic: Import penetratioa of alloy-plate steel has 
risen from 7.9 percent in 1983 to the c ur r en t 

By Omvotdo in Excelsior (Mexico city>. C&W Syndicate 

annualized level of 32 percent, unde rmining the 
intent of the negotiated sted arrangements. 

These imports threaten to knock the legs from 
under even modernized American companies 
just as they begin to recover from the recession. 
Demand for steel, which perked up in the recent 
recovery, is beginning to fade. By permitting ■ 
foreign competitors to import these high- value 
sted products, all in the early years of the five- 
year contracts, the administration has allowed 
foreign nulls to skim the cream off the recovery. 

Modernized American steel companies such as 
, Lnkens can compete on equal terms with foreign 
mills that sell their products at prices that cover 
production and marketing costs. Domestic com- 
panies cannot hope to compete with subsidized 
and government-controlled sted industries. And 
they certainly cannot justify- additional capital 
expenditures if subsidized imports depress prices 
below costs for even the most efficient American 
manufacturers. Unless voluntary restraints can 
truly reduce imports and in a way that is fair to 
producers in the United States, it is likdy that the 
clamor for protectionism will grow even louder. 

The writer is president and chief executive officer 
of Lukens Inc., the parent corporation of Lukens 
SleeL He contributed this to The New Yoke Times. 

To Stabilize 

By Evgeny Chossud ovsk) 

This is the second of two articles. 

G ENEVA — Beyond issues of 
arms control at next month's 
summit meeting, the initiation of a 
dialogue on the wider aspects of in- 
ternational security could offer a far- 
reaching opportunity for a more fun- 
damental reassessment of the whole 
U-S.-Soviet relationship. 1 

Searching thought should be 
to bow the nature of the relationship 
between the two nations, on which so 
much depends, coold be divested of 
its seemingly built-in instability, so 
that it could evolve, in a regulated 
manner within a rational framework. 

Why did the first of the “basic 
principles” that Presidents Brezhnev 
and Nixon agreed on in 1972 link'the 
notion of “peaceful co-existence” 
with the “nuclear age”? Is it because. ■ 
as some have argued, the atom borab 
is an niwtew and hence “unusable” • 
weapon that allows peace to be kept 
by mutual deterrence? True, there 
has been no war in Europe for four- 
decades. But, as a recent statement of 
the Pugwasb executive committee, of - 
scientists reminds us, a few hundred 
invulnerable weapons would have 

been more timn enough to assure de^ 
terrence. The tens of thousands jqtf 
nudear. weapons that each country^, 
now has have increased the probabili- 
ty of nudear war. 

The international scientific com- 
munity is pretty well unanimous • 
about tbehdocaust such a war would 
prodnoe. Millions of ordinary people 

perillfuusurTounds them. 

In the light of revelations of situa- - 
tions in which resort to nudear arms . 
was considered more or less seriously, 
one must wonder whether the asser- 
tion that arms are “unusable” 
can continue to stand. ' 

South Africa: Five Years Nearer to an Eruption 


scientists, thinkers 


M onterey. California — a 

visitor returning to South Afri- 
ca after a five-year absence is remind- 
ed of the story of the old fellow who 
heard the dock strike 13 and said, 
“It’s never been this late.” 

When I was in South Africa in 
1980, giving guest lectures at univer- 
sities, ahighly respected Western dip- 
lomat told me that the most likely 
modd for change in South Africa was 
not Mount Sl Helens but rather a 
boiling caldron. 

In his view, a large and sudden 
eruption was unlikely. What be ex- 
pected instead was limited black vio- 
lence that would be met by repression 
from the government, followed by 
limited accommodation and then a 
period of relative quieL A series of 
such cycles of violence, repression 
and limited accommodation would, 
be thought, take place over a period 
of years until fundamental change 
had been accomplished. 

At the time, I found this prediction 
plausible. It may still be, but my 
recent trip suggested that the Mount 
St Helens metaphor is perhaps more 
appropriate now than it was then. 

The returning visitor finds signifi- 
cant differences between South Afri- 
ca in 1980 and 1985. 

First, unlike five years ago, blacks 
now fed a genuine sense of power 
and a decreasing reluctance to use iL 

By Peter Grothe 

Many blacks recognize that the South 
African Army and police are the 
strongest in Africa and that, in a 
violent confrontation, blacks would 
come out the losers. Nevertheless, 
many militan t young blades are ready 
for violence — including violence in 
white areas. Perhaps more importanL 
the power to withhold oars labor 
and to boycott white stores gives 
blacks enormous economic clout, and 
they are now aware of iL 

Second, the perceptual gap be- 
tween ruling Afrikaners and blacks 
has widened. Whites point with pride 
to abolition of some of the worst 
aspects of apartheid — many of the 
better hotels and restaurants have 
been desegregated, for instance, the 
mixed-marriage law has been abol- 
ished and many blacks are being pro- 
moted to middle- level jobs. Many Af- 
rikaners speak about the enormous 
significance of these changes and the 
sacrifices they have made. The black 
view was summed up this way by a 
resident of Soweto: “That’s nothing 
but cosmetics. I’ll only be satisfied 
when I get the vote.” 

Blacks and Afrikaners also have 
different timetables for change. 
Members of the government talk 
about gradual, long-range solutions. 
The patience of the blacks is wearing 

rhin. They want one man, one vote — 
and they want it now. The Reverend 
Beyers Naude, the general secretary 
of the South African Council of 
Churches, told me: “My fellow 
whites have no idea of the deep sense 
of outrage in the black townships.” 

Third, five yeais ago the economy 
was strong. Now it is in turmoil. 

Many white business leaders, terri- 
fied by economic alarm signals and 
by the specter of foreign banks refus- 
ing to roll over their short-term loans, 
have urged the government to release 
Nelson Mandela, negotiate with the 
banned African National Congress 
and immediately dismantle the apart- 
heid system. This would have been 
unheard-of even a few months ago. 

Fourth, Afrikaners — once called 
“the white tribe of Africa” — are no 
longer unified. A significant and vo- 
cal minority has bolted the ruling 
Nationalist Party and formed its own 
ultrarigfat group, the Conservative 
Party. Many observers see this fac- 
tion, which argues against all conces- dent Jimmy Carter was extremely e 
sons to blacks, as a constraint on popular with South African whii 
President Pieter Botha's announced 

patient with the moderate views of 
their parents' generation and with 
moderate leaders such as the Zulu 
chief, fia«ha Buthdezi, and Bishop 
Desmond Tutu. And the government 
continues to jail or ban moderate 
blacks, causing young militants to see 
no reco u rse but violence. 

Seventh, although Mr. Botha de- 
nies iL it is quite dear that white 
South Africans are much more sensi- 
tive to outside political and economic 
pressures than’ they had been. This 
would suggest that President Rea- 
gan’s t ranquil (rin g s tatements about 
the Botha government having sub- 
stantially solved its problems repre- 
sent a wrong strategy, badly timed. ’ 

Eighth, blacks are experiencing 
what the American historian Crane 
Drinton once called “the revolution 
of rising expectations.” The Zimba- 
bwe experience and other events have 
given Macks the expectation that the 

figures in the West have, 
decision-makers to acknowl- 
and ponder the material possi- 
bility of an end to human civilization. 
Virtually identical views have been 
ex pre s se d in the Soviet Union. 

An article entitled “Interests of 
Humanity and World Policy,” pub- 
lished in April in the Soviet journal 
World Economy and International 
Relations, argued — using a Marxist 
approach — that the interests of hu- 
manity (universal concerns). fonni£& 
new category in policy formation that 1 / 
cuts across national state and class 
interests. And at the UN General 
Assembly's 1982 session on disarma- 
ment, the Soviet Union stated that 
no contradiction between states qr , 

S i of states, no differences in . 

systems, ways of fife or ideolo: 
gy, no transitory interests can over- ' 
shadow the fundamental, need, com- 
montoaff peoples, topreserve peace, " 
toprevent a nuclear war.” ” ' 

Mikhail Gorbachev, in his address 
last December to the British House of 
Commons, said that “the nudear age 

complete dismantling of apartheid is . ineluctably calls for a new political 
within read] — not for their grand- reasoning.” Ami in his lime maga 

Why 'Watergate 9 Doesn’t 
Translate Into French 

By Philip Geyelin 

not have to have been in 
Paris on a phone-in talk show after 
the resignation of Richard Nixon 
to know why the French crisis over 
the sinking of a Greenpeace ship 
does not translate into a “Water- 
gate.” But it helps. 

There may be something similar 
in the way we Americans and the 
French approach such affairs. But 
there is far more that is distinctive- 
ly differenL On that long ago talk 
show, the moderator broke into the 
panelists' chatter to say that 80 
percent of the first flood of callers 
had the same question: “How 
could two little journalists bring 
down the best American president 
since World War II?” The answer 
offered by a famous, ultraright 
French commentator “It was a 
Jewish pIoL” 

I will not burden you with the 
consequent babble of the outraged 
Americans at the table. The point 
is that the French never have un- 
defstood Watergate. 

This has to do. in the end. with 
two different ways or looking at 
the dark side of a cruel world. Be- 
fore rushing , to judge which is the 
better way, it is worth sorting out 
what is superficially the same and 
what is fundamentally different 
about the French way. True, the 
French frogmen who sank the 
Rainbow Warrior were no better at 
covering their tracks than Mr. Nix- 
on’s “plumbers.” French officials 
down the line were no better liars 
than were Mr. Nixon’s men. 

You will have noted other simi- 
larities: the self-serving sacking of 
near and dear associates; the way 
Mr. Mitterrand is taking a political 
pounding, as did Mr. Nixon. Mr. 
Mitterrand, however, will suffer at 
the bands of the French electorate 
not for the appearance of being 
wicked but for the appearance or 
being incompetent. 

There lies the big difference. 
There is not much to choose be- 
tween the sanctity both countries 
attach, to national security. We 
Americans, no less than the 
French, are ready to perfect our 
nuclear weapons: to engngp in un- 
imaginably devious espionage and 

counterespionage; to conspire co- 
vertly to overthrow regimes we dis- 
like; to train, arm or pro via on 
guerrillas or counter-terrorist 
forces whose excesses, whether in 
Nicaragua or Lebanon, we are 
quick to disown. 

But while we do these things, we 
are ashamed when we are caught 
doing them; the morality of doing 
such things becomes an issue. The 
French, on the other hand, are only 
embarrassed at getting caught. 

“People lied about their own 
mistakes, and not about national 
security,” said Andre Fontaine, the 
editor of Le Monde. The implica- 
tion seemed to be that lying about 
national security would be no bis 
deal, but lying about the botched 
operation was inexcusable. 

There has been no speculation 
about special prosecutors or indict- 
ments. no cries about high crimes. 
The wages of Mr. Mitterrand’s 
“Underwatergate.” if any, will pre- 
sumably be paid at the polls in next 
spring's parliamentary elections. 
The issue will not be the propriety 
of seeking to seal off French nucle- 
ar tests by “neutralizing” the Rain- 
bow Warrior. 

There has been tittle moralistic 
quibbling about whether France 
engages in “state-supported terror- 
ism” — a suggestion hotly denied 
by Jeane Kirkpatrick on the 
ground that the French were not 
trying to “maira“ or “loll” any- 
body when they set oul to blow up 
a ship (a Greenpeace photographer 
died in the attack). To that kind of 
talk, a shrug would be the likely 
French response: to make omelets, 
you must break eggs. 

Which is the more honest ap- 
proach: The American squirm or 
the French shrug? Obviously, the 
answer depends on whether you 
agree that it is a jungle out there 
and that even the good guys have 
to act accordingly. But if that is 
what you think (and dearly that is 
what a succession of American ad- 
ministrations have thought), then 
the French political ground rules 
make a certain amount of sense. 
Do what you think is necessary, 
but do not get caught. 

Washington Past Writers Group 

intentions of reform. 

Fifth, there have been perceptible 
shifts in the attitudes of many whites 
in the last five years. The Afrikaner 
students I met seemed to be troubled 
and searching. Most seemed to hold 
views more liberal than those of their 
parents' generation. English-speak- 
ing students, who have traditionally 
held more liberal views than Afrika- 
ners, have gone even further. Many of 
than now seem willing “to put their 
bodies on the line" as they did last 
month when hundreds of demon- 
strating Cape Town University stu- 
dents were whipped and tear-gassed 
by police. Further, many more En- 
glish-speaking whites are now con- 
sidering emigration. One English- 
speaking businessman told me; 
“More than half of my friends are 
planning to leave the country.” 

Sixth, there are growing fissures 
between blacks. Militant young 
blacks are becoming increasingly im- 

chddren but for them. 

Finally, inthe fall of 1980. Presi- 


and extremely popular with Macks. 
In sharp contrasL Ronald Reagan is 
extremely popular with whites and 
arguably the most unpopular presi- 
dent in American history with blacks. 

What conclusions can one draw? 
The caldron may continue to simmer, 
more or less quikly, for some time to 
come. Yet most of the trends I no- 
ticed suggested that a volcanic erup- 
tion becomes more and more likdy 
with every passing month. 

In Alan Patou’s classic novel, 
“Cry. the Beloved Country,” a black 
South African clergyman says about 
whites, “I have one great fear m my 
heart — that one day whenthey are 
turned to loving, they w31 find that 
we are turned to haring." It strikes me 
now as a sadly accurate prophecy. 

The writer is a professor of Interna- 
tional policy studies at the Monterey 
Institute of International Studies, a 
private school He contributed, this 
comment to The New York Times. 

zine interview be spoke of the need 
few both sides “to switch our mental- 
ity and our mode of acting from a 
warlike to a peaceful track." 

This notion of the universal inter- 
ests of humanity coold give a new 
pofitical and moral dimension to das* 
U ^.-Soviet relationship and become 
a unifying force. The two major pow- 
ers might, after reflection, decide not 
just to concert their actions but also, 
together with the other declared nu- 
clear powers, to join forces with other 
states on the basis of equality so as 
together to ensure the common secu- 
rity and survival of human society. 

The attain meat of gcrurine global 
security implies, of course, ultimate 
agreement on balanced cutbacks of 
nudear and conventional arsenals 
until complete disarmament is 
achieved miner the strictest possible 
international control, including, di- 
rect verification as a pprop ri ate. Con- . 
certed action toward this goal coold 
have valuable by-products, induding 
a badly needed stepping .up of U.S.- 
Sonet cooperation on tackling other** 
global problems of survival, such as 
environmental protection, resource 
management and the fight against 
hunger and disease. 

On the political plane, a much 
greater measure of consultation and 
peacekeeping, induding UN-spon- 
sored operations, coold ami to pre- 
vent or help resolve destabilizing re- 
gional conflicts. • 

U.S. -Soviet talks on limitations of 
arms tr an s f er s to other countries, 
should be resumed and expedited. A 
gratae de reflexion might be set upto 
study the consequences of growing 
interdependence, indndms the part 

; progress m inter- 
national relations. . 

By thfnlring arid pro c ee d ™g -atnn g 

these, fines, even if ax first somewhat 
cautiously, the two leaders could as- 
sure that their Genieva mee t ing and 
its preferably regular sequels would 
leave an indelible mark on hktoity. ^ 

The writer, a Soviet dtizat, is a 
former senior official of the United 
Nations and now a fellow of the UN 
Institute for Training and Research. 
He contributed this comment, which 
reflects sotefy his own yriews,_ to the 
International Herald Tribune. 


East-West Stone Throwing 

Regarding "U.S Is Blind to Eu- 
rope's Instability" (Sept 16): 

Let us gladly agree with William 
Pfaff that in Eastern Europe “the 
Soviet position is fundamentally 
weak, resting on the presence of Sovi- 
et troops.” Now. can we ask Mr. Pfaff 
to take ibe next step and teQ us what 
Washington should do? 

Remember that up to now we 
Americans have sat on our hands 
when F a*t Europeans sent signals of 
their discontent. Two examples are 
the Fnq German uprising and the 
“Prague spring,” both put down with 
Soviet tanks. Again, it took not one 

superpower, but two, to accomplish 
the Berlin Wall: one to let it rise, the 
other to fail to halt its construction. 

Soil is to be feared that Mr. Pfaff 
will not be able to recommend a new 
U.S. policy for a possibly crumbling 
“Soviet bloc." He will likely ran op 
against the melancholy insight that 
we are not in a position to threw 
stones. As long as the LLS. adminis- 
tration challenges the rights of its 

small Latin American neighbors to 
self-determination, wc Americans are 
not going to be able to get tough 
about a Soviet “sphere of influence” 
in Eastern Europe. • 



Mr. Pfaff depicts the Europeans as 
perspicuously aware of the dire inst^- 
bflity of die Soviet bloc, in contrast to 
the fatalistic Americans, Yet the “end 
to Yalta” sentiment has been thriving 
in America since February 1945. And 
I doubt dial West European perspi- * 
cadty has much to do with the notion ' 
of the Soviet position in Easton Eu- 
rope “resting cm the presence of Sovi- 
et troops — which was not the case 30 
years ago.” There can be little baas 
for arguing that today’s su pe rpo wer 
is less able to handle its sphere of 
influence than was the battered Rus- . 
aa of just after the war. 


Oxford, England, 



Psgf 3 

Israeli Jets 
attack PLO 
In Tunisia 




Kinnock , Assailing U.K. Radicals , Says 
Labor Party Must A ttract Middle Gass 


(Continued from Page 1) 
“such criminal acts" increase feel- 
ings “of continued aggression and 
fundamental isra at a time when all 
peace-loving powers are exerting 
their best efforts to achieve a just 



solution to the Palestinian prob- 

Mr.. Arafat set up the offices in 
Tunisia after he was forced out of 
Beirut, following the 1982 Israeli 
invasion of Lebanon. 

The PLO office in London is- 
sued a statement saying the attack 
proved. “Israel is not interested in 

“If the Israeli government is de- 
termined to have war. war it will 
have.” the statement said. 

Israel has long asserted the right 
to strike back outside of its territo- 
ry against guerrilla bases, in defi- 
ance of claims that such raids vio- 
lated international law. 

Israeli planes flew 60) miles to 
bomb a nuclear reactor in Iraq on 
June 7. 1981. Israeli forces flew 


Soviet Accuses 

(Continued from Page 1) 
by American count, the Soviet 
Union has an advantage in strate- 
gic missiles and bombers, with 
2,504 to roughlv 2.000 for the Unit- 
ed States. 

The Soviet premise, officials 
said, is that all the American medi- 
um-range nuclear weapons are 
“strategic” because they are capa- 
ble of striking Soviet territory, 
whereas the Soviet medium-range 
weapons are not because they can- 
not strike American territory. In 
past arms agreements, in 1972 and 
1979, Soviet negotiators eventually 
dropped these arguments. 

As expected, in the area of nucle- 
ar missile warheads — a prime tar- 
get for steep reductions in the draft 
treaty put forward by American 
negotiators in March — the Soviet 
proposal includes categories of 

we-^ jons that past arms agreements 
ana American proposals have ex- 

ana American proposals have ex- 

Specifically, American officials 
said, Soviet negotiators grouped 
ballistic missile warheads together 
with air-launched cruise missiles, 
bombs and short-range air-to-sur- 
face missiles. In all the Russians 
said, the United States has a total 
of 12,000 such nudear “charges.” 

2,160 miles to rescue Israeli hos- 
tages at Entebbe, Uganda, on Julv 
4. 1976. 

The Tunis attack was Israel's 
3 1st air raid since resumi ng retalia- 
tory air attacks after a suicide mis- 
sion at an Israeli installation in 
Tyre, Lebanon, on Nov. 4, 1983. 
All of the previous raids were on 
PLO installations in Lebanon. 

The attack was launched as King 
Hussein of Jordan was in Washing- 
ton. It was likely to damage efforts 
to begin peace talks between Israel 
and a Jordanian-Palestinian dele- 

But Mr. Rabin said: “We still 
support efforts to start peace nego- 
tiations. The terrorists are the 
source of evil in this region." 

The White House said earlier 
that the raid appeared from reports 
to be “a legitimate response" to a 
terrorist attack although the Unit- 
ed Slates deplored the cyde of vio- 
lence of which it is a part 

“We are distressed by and de- 
plore the cycle of violence in the 
Middle East of which this latest 
incident is a part," said the White 
House spokesman. Larry Speakes. 
“It underscores the urgent need to 
work for peace in the Middle East. 

“As a muter of U.S. policy, re- 
taliation against terrorist attacks is 
a legitimate response and an ex- 
pression of self-defense. From the 
preliminary reports avaflab;- to us, 
this appears to be what was in- 
volved in this case.” 

Mr. Speakes said President Rea- 
gan has declared that “linking 
those who commit crime to those 
who are punished is essential.” 

“In this case, we do not yet know 
the full story.” he said “We will be 
attempting to learn the facts of the 

“Concerning the use of U.S. mil- 
itary equipment, we will have to 
determine what the facts are," he 

“h is a matter of prindple that it 
is legitimate self-defense to re- 
spond appropriately to acts of ter- 
rorism.” Mr. Speakes said. 

(UPI. Renters, A Pi 

The Assucuited Press 

Neil Kinnock, the Labor Party 
leader, delivered on Tuesday his 
most slashing attack yet on the par- 
ty's left wing, telling the radicals at 
Labor's annual conference that 
they never will regain power unless 
they attract Britain's middle class. 

“Implausible promises do not 
win victories." Mr. Kinnock de- 
clared. amid boos and jeers, in his 
keynote address to about 2,000 del- 
egates on the third day of the con- 

Eric Heffer. a member of the 
party' s ruling executive committee, 
stormed off the podium as Mr. 
Kinnock castigated leaders of Liv- 
erpool's city council, which has laid 
off workers. 

Liverpool began losing funds in 
a collision with the Conservative 

For nearly a full minute. Mr. mem again unless the Libor Party 

Kinnock was drowned our bv gels “the support of those who are 

booing from the left wing. But the not poo*-, not unemployed, noi vic- 
leaders of Britain's giant labor limized.” 

unions and their supporters rose in Addressing leftists who accused 

thunderous applause for the 43- him. ir. his words, of being “ob- 
year-old Welsh miner’s son. sessed with electoral politics'' at the 

.. . », . price of hi* radical views. Mr. Kin- 

Mr. Kmmicks ,5-rmnme ad- nock said: “From the depths of my 
dress was his toughest message yet ^ j mejn iL lhgn is ^ need £ 

that he will fight ro stop Labor compromise values, to surrender 
from lurching back to the plat term our socialism " 

on which it was crushed bv the „ .. , . „ ... , 

Conservatives in the 1983 elections. he ' var ? ed - Brtush 

public wants to know that our lde- 

Britain. Mr. Kinnock declared, afism is nor lunacy, our eagerness is 
never will have a socialist covem- not extremism." 

Frankfurt Protesters Smash 
Windows, Set Fires After Rally 

Neil Kinnock 

Photos of Soviet Hostages Released 

(Continued from Page 1) 

the fighting in Tripoli before the Beirut are hunting for the missing 
Russians would be freed. men, and the Soviet charge d’af 

A Soviet source in Beirut said faires, Yuri Souslikov, met with 
sarfier that the embassy was told by President Amin Gernayel to ask for 
Syrian sources that the four men help from the Lebanese govern- 
iverc alive and in Beirut and it was ment. 

hoped that they would be free in The Soviet source said that M os- 
two or three days. cow also was in “high level" con- 

An embassy official however, tact with Syria over the kid nap- 
aid. “We have no additional rnfor- pings, but there was ao sign of a 
(nation," and added. “We hope ev- slackening in the Syrian-backed as- 
.•rything will finish very well." sault on Tripoli 
Pro- Syrian Moslem' militias in The attack on the Sunni Moslem 
— Tawheed (Unification) organiza- 
tion in Tripoli has aroused anger 
~W o _ • among some Lebanese Moslems. 

ft I rnmnnon The Soviet officials were kid- 

af ier ^ Tawheed leader, 
, , Sheikh Saeed Shaaban, called on 
accompanying Mr. Gorbachev to - w | igiou5 Moslems" to rise up in 

government of Prime Minister Tripoli" the Islamic Liberation Russians would be freed. 

Margaret Diaicher when the city Organization said in a statement. A Soviet source in Beirut said 
council refused to cut spending in “and effect the retreat of atheistic earlier that the embassy was told by 
line with the government's tight- forces from around this heroic Syrian sources that the four men 
money policies. city." were alive and in Beirut and it was 

money policies. 

“Far-fetched resolutions are 

“All these forces and Syria as- hoped that they would be free in 

pushed into rigid dogma.” said Mr. sume responsibility for the lives" of two or three days. 

Kinnock. “You end in the gro- the Soviet hostages, it said, adding: An embassy official however, 

tesque chaos of a Labor council “We shall execute them all and also said. “'We have no additional infor- 
hiring taxis to scuttle round ihe city strike in strength." maiion." and added “We hope ev- 

handing out redundancy notices to Tbe caller demanded that Mos- erything will finish very well. 
its own workers." cow issue a statement condemning Pro-Syrian Moslem' militias in 

Mitterrand Refuses Reagan Invitation 

(Continued from Page 1) 
peace environmental group ship by 
tbe French secret service. 

Mr. Mitterrand is expected to 
raise the subject of human rights 
violations in the Soviet Union with 
Mr. Gorbachev even if he runs the 
risk of an embarrassing counterac- 
cusation about the sinking of a 
Greenpeace environmental group 
ship by the French secret services 
in New Zealand. 

While Mr. Mitterrand has prom- 
ised to share his impressions of Mr. 

Mr. Gorbachev's mission is . iwi . WMur 

aimed at improving Soviet ties to Paris. defXeoT Tripoli.” “ K 

U.S. allies in Western Europe and The visit to France is also con- A spokesman for one of ihe lefi- 
handenmg opposition abroad to sidered a backdrop for a Soviet ist militias attacking Tripoli said: 
SD1 before the Geneva summit pitch to politicians in the Nether- **1 don't think die kidnaps will af- 
meeting. lands, where the parliament faces a feci the battle in Tripoli Countries 

The Soviet press has played up November decision on whether to do not usually go back on their 
the French visit, and the prospects ratify deployment of U.S. cruise general positions in these cases." 
for a positive outcome, in contrast missiles. The Reagan administration cen- 

to its coverage of the summit meet- The Netherlands, the last of the demned the kidnapping of the four 
ing, which is colored with heavy five NATO allies- scheduled to re- Soviet officials, 
criticism of the United States. ceive cruise missiles, is the only one “We deplore this as an act of 
Tbe Soviet foreign minister, that ho* not yet voted to follow the terrorism." said the White House 

Pro-Syrian Moslem militias in 

defense of Tripoli. 

A spokesman for one of the left- 

The Amxiiitej Press 

FRANKFURT — Thousands of 
demonstrators smashed windows 
and set fires in central Frankfurt on 
Tuesday evening following a rally 
against neo-Nazism. 

Hundreds of policemen rushed 
to the scene and a police helicopter 
with a spotlight whirred overhead 
as the demonstrators, shouting, 
“Fire and flames on tbe city,” be- 
gan to rampage. 

After leaving the central Paul- 
platz in small groups, under threat 
of bombardment from water can- 
non, the demonstrators massed 
again. The authorities had refused 
their demand that they be permit- 
ted to leave the square in one group 
to march through central Frank- 

The march along the main Main- 
zerlandstrasse boulevard was head- 
ed in the direction of the spot 
where a leftist demonstrator was 
hit and killed by a police truck 
during street violence on Saturday 

Disturbances broke out in more 
than 13 West German cities after 
the neo-Nazi National Democratic 
Party held a meeting in Fraatfurt 
on Saturday. 

Demonstrators, some dad in 
black leather and masks, smashed 
the windows of a hank, buried 
flares and set small fires soon afLer 
the march began. The march start- 
ed about an hour after the initial 
rally ended 

Some protesters set alight a gar- 
bage dumpster adjacent to a build- 
ing housing the offices of American 
Express and other large companies. 

The police were rushed to the 
march area to block off ride streets 
and isolate the demonstrators. 
There were no immediate repons 
of clashes with the police. 

A police helicopter hovered 
overhead and an officer inside de- 
manded through a megaphone that 
the protesters disperse. 

Meanwhile, in the southwestern 
city of Stuttgart on Tuesday niuht 
about 200 people went on a win- 
dow-smashing rampage. 

Tuesday was the fourth straight 
day of protests in West Germany 
against ihe neo-Nazi meeting in 


r watch. 

■ ui ha-thin 

qiMiir. witMi iwiMuni 
Mai lilartk. l mail'd sicel 
■imt quirt pUietl 

The Soviet foreign minister. 

Eduard A. Shevardnadze, who re- dual-track decision, which envi- spokesman, Larry Speakes. 

Gorbachev wiih the Reagan ad- turned Sunday to Moscow from hi* sioned deployment if negotiations 
ministration. French officials are first visit to the United States, is failed. 

resentful of any move that smacks 
of a “summons” from Washington. 

France, which has its own inde- 
pendent nuclear force, is also anx- 
ious to stress that it has no direct 
influence on tbe Geneva arms ne- 
gotiations between the United 
States and the Soviet Union. 

Fierce fighting continued in 

Always the superb choice 

Officials in U.S. See No Vaccine For AIDS Till ’90 

The Associated Press 

stop transmission of AIDS by the that prevents infection will be an 
year 2000. “with an ensuing de- effective tool for control only after 

, . not anticipate that a vaccine 

Die French govemroent has op- againsl A1DS< acquired immurie 

posed repeated demands by the deficiency syndrome, will be gen er- 

WASHINGTON The U.S. > ear - 0 UU. “wsUi an ensuing de- el tecuve tool lor control only alter 

Public Health Service says it does in lfie «n<-'idence of the disor- it has been in use for severaf years." 

nnt .'imirinnlp ihni , vurciiiA der." 

d immune “It is unlikely” the health ser- Kasparov Wins; Series Tied 
II be gener- vice said, "that a vaccine or therapy Rearea 

i, and ii e\- to substantially limit transmission unernw tk- 
ontinue to will be generally available before ^ MO “ COW - The challenger, 
heanuirv. I9W1." rcorr G =iJ Umrey. on Tuesday „ 0 „ 

game No. 1 1 of the world chess brie 

Kde£ ^ arable until IffQ. and’ii ev in' substantially li^k transmisrion 

tiioiofdieuSS SSSVthe pecl V he .?“* continue to will be generally available before 
tnose oi me united Mates in tne spread until the end of the century ,,w, “ 

Geneva negotiations. 

■ Gorbachev Mission on Ties 

Earlier. Gary Lee of The Wash- 
ington Past reported from Moscow: 

Beverly Wilshire Hold 

Wi I shine Boulevard at Rodeo Drive, Beverly Kills, Cafif- 90212 
(213)2754282 . lelex 698-220 


“Because there is no means of 

Die federal agency, in a plan for "Because there is no means of 
confronting the disease, which de- intervention during the long incu- 

rematch when the champion. Ana- 
toli Karpov, resigned after Mr. Ka- 


stroys the body's immune system, button period to prevent severe sparov’s 25th move. The Soviet 
said Monday that its goal was to MDS." the plan said, “a vaccine players are now tied at 5.5 points. 

London (01 ) 583-3050 
Frankfurt (069) 29 0471 
Hong Kong (Si 22 II 42 

London (01) 409-0814 
Frankfort (069)28 73 74 
Hong Kong (3) 68 23 35 

rv - . 



' f: 

Page 6 



du 3 au 27 octobre 1985 

renseignementi ■. 

l . dIgcc d'j cndre' &: - 75001 oosss os r, r. a 19 n • ici. 

' co fresp o.i So nee 2. rue McuatC-cm-ne • 7500? fs; 
nc; fficc-ndeur (cudiphonej 233 00.00 



Guru Disowns His Sect’s Own Book, 
Has 5,000 Copies Burned in Ritual 

** ± 7 ' 

The Associated Press 

— Under orders from the Indian 
gum Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, his 

“Thai was not my book." said 
the Indian guru, who has a fleet of 
90 Rolls-Royce automobiles. “I 
have never read il. It was necessary 

disciples have conducted a ritual that it be destroyed/ 

“I was not informal and I was in ^ponXMr. Rajneesh said. ^e 

Eg "SVtSS a JhSSdS'hrf? ™ a ^n, but our activities 
this year ended a thre^and-a-half- nKnous." 

year public alenoe. I was not He ^ movement “is far 
aware of ^hat was happening He ^ than a religion." 
saul Miss Staeela exploited the sit- Sinc8 ^ Sfa g Ia ncd ^ 

uauon. mune, Mr. Rajneesh has accused 

About 2.000 Rajneesh disciple, his former secretary and her “gang 
clapping and singing, burned Miss of fascists" of a host of crimes, 
Sheela's bright red robes Monday including arson, at temp ted murder 
night, along with 5.000 copies of anj telephone ta pping 

burning of 5.000 copies of his own Later, speaking on an ABC-TV 
sects book of beliefs. news program. Mr. Rajneesh said 

TTie gum, disowning .the book, he had not known what Miss 
said Monday that the former fol- sheela was jpjng while she wielded 
lowers who 'created it were a “gang power over the movement, 
of fascists. He called the move- . 

raent be founded “far better than a • hriiin ® 
religion." isolation. saidMr Rajnet 

Mr. Rajneesh, 53, said Monday LhlS ^ ended a three-ant 

“ Sh “ b -^ lo “' d * 

shee leaders, surrounded his teach- .. 1 , ___ „ . 

ings with the trappings of orga- About 2.000 Rajneesh c 

niviHi religion. clapping and singing, burr 

Miss Shed a. who abruptly left Sheela’s bright red robes 
the central Oregon commune she m fi hL dong «« 5.00) o 
helped found, was responsible for “Book of Rajneeshism, 
the “Book of Rajneeshism." a 78- “Step into the holy fire. « 
page book that described the move- the holy flame." they chs 
meat's beliefs, Mr. Rajneesh said at the music or a 10 - piece bar 
a news conference. Mr. Rajneesh's new secret 

Prem Hasya, proclaimed Rajnee- 
shism dead. 

In a television interview, Mr. 
Rajneesh said the changes in his 
movement meant “there is no reli- 
gion and there is no master, no 
disciples. I am only a friend and 
those who love me are living with 

Asked if he thought the group 
would lose its tax-exempt status as 

the “Book of Rajneeshism." 

“Step into the holy fire, step into 
the holy flame." they chanted to 
the music or a 10-piece band. Then 
Mr. Rajoeesh's new secretary. Ma 



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Authorities investigating the al- 
legations began serving subpoenas 
Monday on potential witnesses in 

In West Germany last week. 
Miss Shee la denied any wrongdo- 
ing. She has said sbe left the com- 
mune because of. among other 
things, the guru's demands for 
more Rolls-Royces and expensive 

Earlier Monday, representatives 
of law enforcement agencies, in- 
cluding what is called the Raj- 
neeshpuram Peace Force, met to 
discuss the investigation. 

“For me. it was a tremendous 
relief." said Ma Deva Barkha. bead 
of the Rajneesh security force. She 
said the meeting relieved tensions 
between Rajneesh officials and 
outside investigators. 

Lieutenant Dean Renfrew of the 
Oregon State Police said “an atti- 
tude of real trust and cooperation" 
developed at the meeting. 

The sect, which claims about 
500.000 followers worldwide, 
moved its headquarters to Oregon 
in 1981 from Poona. India, leaving 
behind a morass of tax and legal 
disputes. The group spent more 
than $100 million to turn 64,000 
acres (about 26,000 hectares) of 
ranchland into a thriving farm and 
to build a dty with a shopping 
mall, hotel and airport 
The Immigration and Natural- 
ization Service is investigating Mr. 
Rajneesh. whose application for 
permanent residence is pending. 

Dave Frohnmayer, the Oregon 
attorney general, has contended in 
a lawsuit that Rajneesbpuram's in- 
corporation as a dty violates con- 
stitutional separation of church 
and state, while a land-use watch- 
dog group maintains in another 
lawsuit that the dty was built ille- 
gally on land zoned for agriculture. 

H * . Jv 


DOGS WENT TOO— When Debbie Dcrian, a dog groomer, walked down the 

Niagara Falls, New York, her dogs accompanied her. The poodles, from felt, Pierre, 
Pebbles and AngeL. and the Yorkshire terrier, Sweet Pea, were iedby four bridesmaids. 

Short Takes 

- Tbe National Association of 
Retired People now has 19.5 mil- 
lion members, or one out of ev- 
ery three Americans over 55. Its 
magazine “Modern Maturity" 
goes to 12 million households, 
more than any other, magazine 
except Readers Digest and TV 
Guide. The organization had 
S124 million in revenue in 1984, 
largely from dues of S5 a year 
and advertising, it is a potent 
force, but not a partisan one. 
With its membership 40 percent 
Republican. 40 pereent Demo- 
cratic and 20 percent indepen- 
dent. it lobbies effectively to 
strengthen Soda! Security and 
hold down medical costs, but 
does not take stands on matters 
not directly related io tbe prob- 
lems of retired people. James £ 
Birren, dean of tbe gerontology 
center at the University of 
Southern California, says, “If 
they cast their philosophy in po- 
litical terms, I think they'd be 
wiped oul They’d cut their base 
in half." 

Michael K. Dearer, who re- 
signed as White House deputy 
chief of staff in May to open a 
public relations firm, currently 
has nine or 10 clients who pay 
annual retainers as high as 
5350,000 each. Asked about this, 
a longtime Denver associate said 
that “you can get in the door for 
less Ilian thaL* 

U-S- taxpayers who have to 
file duplicate income tax returns, 
because the originals .were lost in 
the Internal. Revenue Service's 
computer during the past year 
should sdid the duplicates to the 
IRS’s Duplicate Return Pro- 
gram/ which will forward ; tbe re- 
turns to a special office. There, 
the IRS promises, they will be 

IRS Center, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania 19255, USA- Attn: 

Shorter Takes: The White 
House and tire Kremlin have 
agreed on a get-together for 
Nancy Reagan and Raisa Gor- 
bachev while their husbands are 
conferring at the Geneva summit 
meeting ui November. Details 

Hospital Patterns j 

Help Themselves j 

Nearly 2400 years agjl Hip- 
pocrates, . sitting under a£pWne 
tree^ is said to have taught his 
pupils that the physician should 
conceal medical information 
from patients, never discuss their 
ctuiditidn with them znd jSve di- 
rect orders. The Planetree ]vl odel 
■Hospital Project m San Francis- 
co is. named after Hippodates's 
tree but embraces a conirajy phi- 
losophy: patients who are well- 
informed about tiiefr-conditioD 
and who take part in-the ajedicai 
decisions will get well sootier. 

The New. York Time* tfeports 
that the 13-bed . pngect,' bare of 
the Pari Be Presbyterian Medical 

are being worked oul , ... The - 'Center, treats a. wide ra£ge of 
U.S. whooping crane population. conditions including stroke, can- 
which fell to 18 in 1938, hoty oer and kidney failurej .» 
numbers 146, according to the - Patients are encouraged to re- 
\JJS. Fish and Wildlife Service. It search their medical problems in 

is a post-1938 record for North - its library, to read their 'charts 
America’s largest aquatic bird.. aud io write comments cW them. 

All medications are ex^ained! 

■■■"■ — ' and patients may questioujadoc - 1 

No Cat o’ Nine Ta3s? - tor's riedsion to prescribe anyj 
• . ■ . drug. V : • . r .> 

Not Even Any KP? Robin Oirr, the project adnM- 

' Vf . . ‘ - ' istrator.saystiieaGHpertiiyM^ 

The Ui Navy is uying to find patient is fte same-as k the rest 

out which o T ns sailors at North ^ ^ 60 ^,-^ An evahiation 
Island Naval Air Station placed being undertakearby theUmver- 
56 “tCal-a-porn" calls al $2 each Washington in Seattlewfll 

in a single day. compare'the. progress of Plaue- 

A spokesman for tbe San Die- tieerpatieiMS with that of other 
go station said that if -the culprits patients. 

are found they will be punished . Compiled bv 

With “counseling." J- " . •. • ' ARTHUR HIGBEE 

No Cat o’ Nine Tafls? 
NotEvenAnyKP? - '*'• 

The U^. Navy is trying to Gad 
out which of its sailors at North 
Island Naval Air Station placed 
56 “tfial-a -porn" calls al S2 each 
in a single day. 

A spokesman for tbe San Die- 
go station said that if the culprits 
are found they will be punished 
with “counseling." : . 

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Helen Maclnnes, Writer, Is Dead 

7294Nor*Pwn RA. Vck >-,»* rmes Service munists. “I’m against toialitarians in 19 19 at Weimar, Gennaay — fpr- 

PA ‘ 1 Td« W19I7 -ChS NEW YORK — Helen Mac- in general — national or religious, the Museum of Modem Art. ; 

Innes. 77. whose 21 novels estab- ex (remises of die right or left. "Miss In 1945 be Heveioped a campaign 

LEGAL SERVICES fished her as the queen or interna- Maclnnes said. “If I can be labeled for the Container Corporauon jif 
us immigration- Residency lional espionage fiction, died anything, I am a Jeffersonian Dem-_ America. “Great Ideas of Western . 

Monday in New York from the ocraL" ' Man." . . - - . 

ot^nev. Asa LP. riTects of a stroke she suffered Horhr^rt Ravor 85 , Aiso m .* e 1940s, Mr.- Baya- 

Gdic^ief. p 0 . 'o?e. Wdhng- W eeks ago neroen rsayer, to, played ammportam role as a con- 

7 ZTT 3 -Z Miss Maclnnes's books sold Bauhaus Designer ailtant, helping to develop the 

“IStSbhS fl more than 23 nullion copies in the NEW YORK (NYT) — Herbert town of Aspen, Colorado, as a cul- 
33129 . Tcli 643 * 6 - 10 . ti AaUq>. United States alone. They have Bayer, 85. a painter, architect, tural center and ski resort- ■ - 
Dominican DIVORCES. 5o» 3J6E. been translated inro 22 languages, graphic and industrial designer and 1 — 

loWcostILg^ t s^r n ° KI is “ Me 

NT ONE way si 50.,do> N.r. ■ Miss Maclnnes was bom in day in Monlcrito, California. Reuters . • 

w«-‘ Co&t si-si. p?b 725 v2 90 Glasgow and graduated from the Mr. Bayer was bom in Haag, HAVANA — Cuba’ s sugar crop 

HOLIDAYS & TRAVEL University of Glasgow. There she Austria, and arrived in New York may fall by almost one million tons 

met and in 1932 married Gilbert in 1938 as a refugee Trom Nazi next year because of drought, a .12- 

THE MAGN3FICENT Higheu a classics scholar. Germany. He made an immediate percent drop from the yield. 

__ ’ fn the 1940s. the villains in Miss impaa as the creator of a exhjbi- planned. President Fukl Castro 

bi&LiA Maclnnes’s books were Nazis, fo lion on the Bauhaus — the design said Saturday. Sugar is the island’s 

SOLARIS later years they were often Com- school founded by Walter Gropius main export. 



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Page 8 



UN’s Early Days: Riveting Issues, Exhilaration and Shared Adventures 

By A.M. Rosenthal 

New York Tima Semce 

N EW YORK — They were strange, those 
first years of the United Nations, so far 
back in the mid- 1940s and '50s, and 
sometimes quite wonderful. Everybody knew 
that one pillar of the UN concept had collapsed 
before the first speech was made, the first reso- 
lution passed. 

The way it was supposed to work was that the 
great Allies of World War It, the Big Five — the 
United States, the Soviet Union, China, Britain 
and France — were to continue great and allied 

They were to guide the United Nations with 
strength and wisdom. So unthinkable was it that 
they would ever be anything but strong and 
wise, that anything could be done against their 
will, that each of them was ennobled with veto 
power in the Security Council where resolu- 
tions were supposed to be transformed into 

It never worked that way. Britain and France 
lost their colonies to freedom movements and 
quickly were world powers no longer. Within a 
pitifully short time, the China that sat on the 
council and was supposed to represent a billion 
people represented nothing but a steamy Pacific 
island. And. most devastating and fatal to the 
UN concept, the Soviet Union and the United 
Slates became enemies instead of friends. 

Politically, the United Nations was shattered 
into blocs. Veto replaced action, and vitupera- 
tion became the language of debate. Hatred and 
struggle and bitterness were pumped through 
the loudspeakers. 

And yet, despite the collapse of the political 
ideal, despite all the nasty words, there was zest 
at the United Nations, and hope in large mea- 
sure — that and a great deal of fun. Nobody 
quite understood that, as time passed, the really 
important issues would be kept away from the 
United Nations — nuclear life or death, the 
United States and Vietnam, Soviet expansion- 
ism, Lebanon, negotiations in the Middle East, 
inflation, depression, trade wars. 

But in the early years, the issues that were 
brought before the United Nations were rivet- 
ing to the whole world — India and P akistan 
fighting over Kashmir, the partition of Palestine 
and the creation of Israel Korea and the stupen- 
dous error of the Soviet Union in boycotting a 
meeting that allowed the United States to fight 
in the name of the United Nations. 

And before nuclear destiny was taken from 

the United Nations by the Soviet Union and the 
United State, and transferred from open dis- 
cussion at what was supposed to be the diplo- 
matic center of the world lo guarded chambers 
in Geneva, Bernard Baruch sat as the U.S. 
delegate to the UN Atomic Energy Commission 
in a chamber in the Bronx. New York, that had 
once been a college women's gymnasium. 

Early one day in 1946 he read a speech that 
said the world faced a choice between the quick 
and the dead. We ail nodded and truly felt that 
there was not much more to be said, but of 
course there was, four decades worth, and the 
choice still not made. 

But the sense of exhilaration came from the 
freshness of it all the sharing in an adventure 
that — who could say — might just possibly 
work out somehow, somewhat, someday. And 
there was a youngness about the organization 
then that gave it zest. 

I N those days, pre-jet. there still was a sense 
of wonderment about foreign places and 
foreign ways and people and here was New 
York, the very center of the whole foreign world. 
You sat down in the cafeteria and next to you 
was a Pakistani lawyer, a Peruvian judge, a 
Chinese economist. You had to be an ice cube 
□ot to be excited. 

It was small — just 51 countries in the begin- 
ning — and everybody knew everybody and 
there wasn't much protocol, and nobody really 
thought about security. So important people 
just wandered around like the rest of us. Oh. (he 
memory of standing in the snack bar line, turn- 
ing around and seeing Eleanor Roosevelt be- 
hind you. seeing and feeling her great, wonder- 
ful smile and handing her the pat of butter she 
wanted, and then sitting with her. at a rickety 
table, and talking. 

That was lovely, and so was having the home 
phone number of Trygve Lie. the robust and 
fiery first secretary-general of the United Na- 
tions. and being able to call him up at all hours 
of the morning for comment on this or that. 

“Goddamn iL is that you again?" he would 
say, and there would be some words in Norwe- 
gian, presumably uncomplimentary. But he al- 
ways had something to say, and he never bung 
up or changed his number. 

It was not so lovely being stopped and de- 
nounced in a corridor by Andrei Vyshinsky, 
who had sent platoons of Soviet citizens to their 
deaths during Stalin's purge trial and who had 
the sharpest tongue at the United Nations, no 
mean achievement. He was furious about an 
article saying he was ill and would return to 

Moscow. He convinced everybody il was a dirty 
American lie, but he did die shortly afterward, 
which we all said was rather gracefuL 
Best of all there wav a casual, make-do atmo- 
sphere surrounding the early days of the United 
Nations that made for a kind of camaraderie. 
Even Soviet and American diplomats meeting in 
a pizzeria in a Bronx. Uule Italy near the first 
UN home couldn't glare too fiercely while wip- 
ing tomato and cheese off their mouths with 

soggy napkins. 

The UN — everybody called it by its initials 
— didn't have a permanent home for years. 
While a site committee loured American cities. 

dryer as they stood to. stretch legs and minds. ' great headquarters for some organizations, but 
.And where Hunter women had once leaped " 4 " 

nimbly over leather horses, the UN Security 
Council met to discuss Franco's Spain. The only 
protection was provided by a few relaxed UJS. 

Marine guards. 

_ 1UUUV1 

nothing ever seems quite as appropriate for rite 
United Nations as a one-level old factory with 
rundown sofas, a cafeteria line and lots of walk 
and talk. 

T HE uext resting place was the old Henry 
Hudson Hotel on West 57th Street in 
Manhattan. A Brazilian, admiral, de- 
claiming in a room once used for weddings and 
bar mitzvahs. ripped open his shirt one day to 
show his war wounds. Nobody knew exactly 
where he got them or why he showed them. But 
all agreed it was indeed a fine gesture. 

Despite the collapse of the political ideal, despite all the 
nasty words, there was zest at the United Nations, and hope 
in large measure — that and a great deal of fan. 

Over the years, thousands of issues, tens of 
.thousands of newspaper stories. Most of them 

ring dimly in the mind, but some of the people 
of those days sound clear and warm. 

A Pakistani named Ahmed Bohkhari, 3 
learned, funny rapier of a man talking brilliant- 
ly about Macbeth. Sr Bengal Rau of India 
dreaming aloud about what he loved most, the 
law and his country, filling a young reporter 
with desire to leave the United Nations and go 
live in India, experience il taste il Raphael 
Lankin a Polish-bom international lawyer with 
no real official standing, always wandering 

we used to talk about bow great it would be if 
the Security Council had to meeL out in the park, 
under the trees. 

We would daydream about taking the boys of 
the Security Council out in a bus to Van Cort- 
land t Park, picking a nice grassy spot for them, 
and then seeing how fierce P akistani versus 
Indian or .American versus Russian could sound 
while swatting flies and smacking ants, while 
Bolivia over there dozed sweetly, face to the sun. 

It never Quite came to tbai but the United 
Nations did have a pretty difficult time getting a 
roof over its head while the search went on. For 
a few months it met in a couple of borrowed 
board rooms at Rockefeller Center, and then it 
settled down for a while at what was then the 
Bronx campus of Hunter College, women only. 
It is now Lehman College. 

Hunter College was in the Bedford section of 
the North Bronx, known worldwide, according 
to the mothers of the area in those days, for the 
freshness of the air. a hundred, a thousand times 
better than downtown. The college women, pre- 
sumably gasping for air. were moved out, but 
their spirit remained and gave a deliriously 
incongruous atmosphere to the new' diplomatic 
center of the universe. 

There was a document center in the locker 
room, the Balkan experts met in the French I 
and II rooms, the press center was a boarded- 
over swimming pool and the office of The New 
York Times was a hair-drying room. There are 
still surviving Tiroes reporters, a few. with vivid 
memories of smacking their heads against a 

Then, a village near Great Neck in Nassau 
County, Long Island. The UN headquarters 
there was part of a shrinking defense plant, and 
everybody loved the symbolism — “war fac- 
tory" turned to the uses of peace. And the name 
of the split-level village next door, which would 
become the UN's address and dateline — Lake 
Success, what good hick'. 

It was near enough to New York to draw 
stimulation from it and yet you had to travel 
make an effort to get to il So the United 
Nations was in a p la c e of its very own, not lost 
in a great metropolis. There was no fancy furni- 
ture. no swank offices, and there was only the 
cafeteria for everybody, no special delegates' 
dining room. The whole place had the staunch 
atmosphere of U.S. Army surplus. But some of 
the sniffing did ooze from a sofa here and there. 

Since it was mostly one level people had to do 
a lot of walking, which meant Urey had to meet 
each other and talk, which was just fine. It was 
too small for the General Assembly sessions 
thaL all member nations attended, so they were 
held in a converted indoor ice rink in Queens, a 
dank and drafty place. Everybody was always 
glad to get back to ibe shabby warmth of Lake 

It was not until 1951 that the United Nations 
moved into glass skyscrapers on the East River, 
on a site made possible by the Rockefeller 

People do not see each other much in eleva- 
tors. which is a pity. Skyscrapers may make 

scolding for an international convention against 
genocide. He lived to see the day. 

There was Trygve lie. who loved the United 
Nations, too muni, until he could not distin- 
guish between it and him, and spent his last 
years there in hurt anger. His successor. Dag 
Hammarskjold, liked to call himself an un- 
ashamed intellectual and he was both man of 
learning and wit — the' quintessential Western 

• This elegant Scandinavian was donein finally 
by a situation from another world, and which he 
never seemed totally to grasp — "tribal warfare 
in the Congo. He died in an airplane crash over 
Africa on one of his many wearing Congo mis- 
sions. When he had arrived at the United Na- 
tions, he had said he hoped the day would come 
when the people of the world saw the United 
Nations not as a strange painting by Picasso, 
but as a drawing by themselves. He did not live 
to see the day. 

Vyaya Lnlrehmi Pandit of India, Nehru's sis- 
ter, touching her tears with her sari when she 
spoke of the blade man in South .Africa; and a 
list ening Pakistani delegate in the bade row, 
clenched with anger about India's caste system. 
And then one day. Sir Bengal Ran and his 
Pakistani counterpart. Sir Mohammed ZafniBa 
Khan, meeting in the delegates' lounge on the 
day of Mahatma Gandhi's assassination, stand- 
ing dose, for a long time, saying nothing, just 
standing silent and together. 

I T was not very successful the United Na- 
tions, but despite ail the harshness, quite 
friendly. Jews and Arabs made up entire 
parties in New York mid nobody even ques- 
tioned it Dutch diplomats and Indonesians 

fighting for independence from them would laHc 
vrannly about friends in each othef s-countnes. 
Politicians from nations not officially born 
would walk about, buttonholing, endlessly, ea- 
gerly. And at the bar, a martini would on occa- 
Soa loosen a Russian or American tongue 


Andrei A. Gromyko made his name at the 
United Nations, and although he was not the 
iolliesi of men nor the warmest at all tunes, he 
usually was ready to chat a bit. 

One morning, a reporter chasing Mr. Gromy- 
ko about during bis fast of nany walkouts from 
the United Nations derided the best way to find 
him was the simplest- So he marched lover to the 
Plaza Hotel asked for the number of tire Gro- 
myko suite, took the elevator up and knocked 
on the door. There stood Mrs. Gromyko, in a 
housecoat She seemed a bit stiipnsei butshe 
invited the reporter in and poured coffee. Then 
the reporter and the ambassador strolled over to 
the Soviet Consulate together. 

It’s an altogether different United Nations 
now, winch is hardly startling: most things 
change in 40 years. It has 159 members mstead- 
of SI. Many of the new membersaie large and... 
important, old countries like Spain or' n ewer 
ones KVc Nigeria and Indonesia. Somc hayp. 
populations that would hardly fill a department; 
store on a sale day. - >- ‘^vv: 

Real political action is alm ost unknown,' bat 
all over the world doctors, geologists, muses and', 
agronomists work in the name of the United 
Nations. It has become something of a he a d a c he 
for the United. States, regularly outvoted by 
combinations of .the Soviet and nonafigned 
blocs. Nastiness of speech has been raised; to. 
st unning levels. . 

But it does give all kinds of countries-a voice 
(hey would not have otherwise^ And if their 
delegates’ words do not ring around the wori$ 
at least they are heard in their own hometowns: 
Surprisingly, many people still look quite young' 
at the United Nations. They may even find the 
whole thing just as exhilarating and zestful as 
the old-timers did. ‘ 

Bui they do live behind barriers of stone, add 
bodyguards imposed by the terror of terrorism, 
which is a pity. , ; . - vt 

Mrs. Gromyko's coffee was very good. 

AM. Rosenthal, now executive - editor of The 
Sew York Times, reported on the United Nations 
for the newspaper from March 1946 lo November 

To Conservative Elite in U.S., Reagan Years Are Just the First Step 

By Sidney Blumenthal 

Washington Post Service 

\%TT ASHINGTON — Since Ronald Rea- 
11/ gan was elected president in 1980, there 
T* has been much talk of a “Reagan revo- 
lution," an enduring shift to the right in Ameri- 
can politics. 

To consolidate that revolution, many of Mr. 
Reagan's strongest supporters have tried, with 
great perseverance and some success, to forge a 
new conservative policy-making elite to run the 
government in Washington. 

By creating what Patrick J. Buchanan, the 

White House director of communications, has 
called a “conservative establishment" in Wash- 
ington, they believe (hat future Republican 
presidents, even those not instinctively as devot- 
ed lo their ideology as Mr. Reagan, will have to 
depend upon that establishment to govern. 

To these rightists, who call themselves “move- 
ment conservatives." the Reagan revolution is 
not just an attempt to create an electoral re- 
alignment, but an effort to give life to the 
conservative elite, the revolution's vanguard. If 
that elite grows and prospers, it could be this 
administration's lasting legacy. 

Many Republicans rail themselves conserva- 
tives, but only some of them understand the 

meaning of “movement conservatives." The dis- 
tinction is crucial. 

“This isn’t merely a Republican regime, but a 
conservative regime," said T. Kenneth Cribb Jr., 
counselor to the attorney general. 

Morton Blackwell a former presidential as- 
sistant and movement activist, said that when he 
worked in the Reagan White House. “I was 
asked uncounted hundreds of times about per- 
sonnel by conservatives in the administration: 
'Is he one of us?' ” 

To be a mere Republican, they say. is insuffi- 
cient. Technical expertise for the appointed job 
is not crucial. Even loyalty to the president is 
not enougji. One must demonstrate belief in the 

right doctrine and be associated with the right 

The credentials that cany the greatest weight 
among conservatives are affiliations with extra- 
party organizations ranging from the Heritage 
Foundation to the Intercollegiate Society of 
Individualists, from the Leadership Institute to 
the American Conservative Union. 

“Having an endorsement from Heritage is 
important,’' Mr. Cribb said. “It’s almost like 
shorthand, it cuts through the inquiries that 
would have to be made otherwise." 

The traditional old-school link — having 
been an editor of the Harvard Crimson, for 
example, as was Defense Secretary Caspar W. 
Weinberger — is not the credential of choice, 
and may even brand the bearer as ideologically 
suspect. Better to have been an editor of the 
Harvard Salient, the conservative journaL 

Conservatives insist that what they are creat- 
ing is no different from the “liberal establish- 
ment,” their nemesis and modeL To achieve 
their goals, they are trying lo gather strength, 
one appointment at a time, within the executive 
branch, a place they formerly considered alien 
and hostile. 

Like leftists of an earlier epoch, movement 
conservatives can detect among themselves the 
slightest nuances of difference. 

For instance, they can instantly distinguish 
between a conservative who has spent his or her 
political life within the movement's apparatus, 
and a neoconservative, a former liberal lately 
converted to the cause. They are bound by 
common ideological concerns, such as basing 
U5. diplomacy on military power, but may be 
split over social issues such as abortion. 

But they are even more keenly self-conscious 
about what sets them apart as an ideological 
movement from the stodgy party regulars. 

“Reagan knows that his own political success 
is the result of different currents of ideas that 
have been around for a generation, but only a 
generation," Mr. Cribb said. “It's unique that 
you have a president wbo’s a self-conscious 
conservative, approving of a body of thought 
and seeking policy that proceeds from that 

S TRUGGLE for control of political ap- 
pointments during the Reagan presidency 
reflects a conflict between the movement 
conservatives and traditional Republicans, epit- 
omized by the two Senate Republican leaders 
during that time; Howard H. Baker Jr. of Ten- 
nessee and Robert J. Dole of Kansas. 

It is a conflict that dates back at least to the 
Barry Gold water’s 1964 presidential campaign. 

Many conservative activists, including Mr. 
Reagan, entered national politics during that 
campaign. His rise, unlike that of Richard M. 
Nixon or Gerald R. Ford, was not dependent 
upon his standing with pasty regulars. 

The conservative movement sustained Mr. 
Reagan's career, just as he has sustained the 
movement But he is larger than the sum of its 
parts. Without him, conservatism would have 
tacked its political focus during the wilderness 
years, and conservatives would never have as- 
sumed power. Mr. Reagan's indispensabflity 
has allowed him to use the movement without 
becoming trapped by any of its factions. 

Mr. Reagan, however, has not tried to urge 
ideological activists to become party regulars. 
“We're conservatives, not party people.” Mr.' 
Cribb said. 

He said the movement inhabits the party oitiy 
because “most conservatives are effective 
through the mechanism of the Republican Par- 
ty." Like Mr. Reagan. 

For at least a decade conservatives have posi- 
tioned themselves to work within the Republi- 
can Party ami the government without becom- 
ing absorbed as regular Republicans. 

Yet even after defeating the traditional Re- 
publicans at the conventions — “It's no fun 
anymore without Nelson Rockefeller" said a 
conservative — they have been repeatedly over- 
whelmed inside the government by their rivals, 
who of ten are more skilled at policy and bureau- 
cratic infighting. 

A conservative involved in the administra- 
tion's personnel decisions called “these 
jerks trotting around with thdr Nixon and Ford 
credentials." When “these jerks" were appoint- 
ed to. virtually all the important positions, the 
conservative rage erupted anew. 

T. Kenneth Cribb Jr. 

Patrick J. Buchanan 

Many Republicans call themselves conservatives, but only 
some of them understand the meaning of f movement 
conservatives.’ The distinction is cradaL . - 

The conservative ambition to completely con- 
trol the government, making it absolutely reli- 
able on every issue, is fanfrom being realized- 
Many appointments turned out to be failures. 

James G. Watt al the Interior Department, 
Anne M. Bnrford at the Environmental Protec- 
tion Agency and Richard V. Allen in the Na- 
tional Security Council were short-lived phe- 
nomena. and me jobs fell from their gasp. The 
conservatives were frustrated when two recent 
no mina tions ware rejected: that of Donald De- 
vine to a second term at the Office of Personnel 
Management and of William Bradford Reyn- 
olds to be associate attorney general 

According to their colleagues in government, 
movement conservatives have sometimes failed-" 
to master their jobs. In the first-term Reagan 
White House; Edwin Meese3d and his assistant,- 
Mr. Cribb, were famous for their ineffective- 
ness. _ • 

The Reagan years are not viewed by conser- 
vatives as the culmination of their desires, bm as ! 

a first step. They look to the post-Reagan era, . 
when (hey intend to help another Republican 
win the presidency and to prevent -traditi onal 
Republicans from assuming power by taking it 
tbtansdves. Until then, they will not fed 
have finally triumphed. 


HEN discussing thdr strategies, con- 
servatives often use the word “cadres.” 

They have invested enormous energy in 
-developing a mechanism to carry youthful cad- 
res from college to the federal bureaucracy. The 
Reagan years, said a prominent conservative, 
“are a lime for young conservatives to gel at- 
demialed, so that when the next conservative 
administration comes along thcyTl be in place to 

Within tbt executive branch, Mr. Cribb said, 
“sdf-consdous conservatives who understand 
the seri o usn e ss of tbe enterprise are less than a 
third of (be 6,000 or so presidential appoint- ; 

It is not essential Mr. Cribb said, for conser- 
vatives to hold evert job What is required ir 
that they command the top positions. Yet only a 
few conservatives have risen to such heights. 

Mr. Cribb himseff is one of the most influen- 
tial movement conservatives inside the federa l, 
bureaucracy, although he was disdained by 
many key officials , in -Mr. Reagan’s first- term. 
White Housed 

Behind ins back they ca] led him “Baby Bigot" 
Tor his ideological leanings. His influence comes 
from havmg-served as Mr. Meese’s “eyes and 
eara wnhin -the. movement" since the beginning 
of the admmiaratiom according to a -former 
White House official • 

The braiding of the conservative network has 
not been simply a process of addition. Some 
nonbelievers are being driven out. 
j Early in the administration, the presidential 
personnel office sought a list from the Chamber 
of Commerce of career federal employees who 
’ Indeed belief in supply-side economics, accord- 
ing to congressional sources. At the Environ- 
mental Protection Agency, under Mrs. Burford, 
' .a hit list of career and senior officials was drawn 
up, and in some divisions. most of the career 
professionals were driven out' . . 

. Movement conservatives arelocated through- 
out thebureaiicxacy,'but concentrated in pock- 
ets; Under the direction of Donald T. Regan, 
- the White House chief of staff, and his techno- 
crats, conservatives oversee communications 
(Mr. Buchanan), speech writing (Anthony Do- 
lan), public liaison (Linda Chavez) and policy 
development (John A. Svahn). All are influen- 
tial. but none has absolute co mman d over, deci- 
sions on any issue; ‘ 

The Justice Department under Mr.' Meese is 
being transformed into a movement bastion. At 
the D epartment of Education, leadership '-has 
been removed from the hands of a stalwart 
Republican, Terrel H. BeU, and delivered to Mr. 
^cxxnett, a neoconservative militan t who was 
-formerly a Democrat. ' 

Ideological coloring varies from department 
to department “The State Department is the 
worst, the presidait's speech writing staff is the 
best "Mr. Blackwell said. /' 

Although Vev movement conservatives in the 
early days of the Reagan administration found 
perches^ at the Defense Department they fdt 
themselves excluded from the State* Depart- 
ment. - - 

Secretary of State 
Mr. Ro®m took 
off ice id 1981 was the abrupt d«mr«ai of the 
.pratomrsforagn policy transition teanLwhich 
nad been run by conservatives. 

TJe dominant figure onthe team was John 
a foreign pdfcy aideto Senator 
of North Carolina, the 

p3ed Jut lists 

wceoffioes whom considered unreKaMe. 
.. to a former administration official 

who served on the transition team, 

. wrannatingthie team, Mr. Haje wassend- 

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that thev should not wpny.a source arid. 

1“ * “*““*“ as KwoiogjcaHy ourefiaW 
nev « mysterious: He would e 
change confirmations for movement appom 

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By Sheridan Morley 

- Iniemationar Herald Tribune 

T ONDON ■ — To mark the re- 
A^opemngof ihoCottesloeStaae 
of the National after a sa-niauh 
financial blackout. . Peicx GiD is 
jtagmg a season of new plays de- 
nved from the "work he has been 
doing with young people in the 
National s experimental studio 
Jhe rust of these, Daniel MoruinV 
ine Murder»s. w is set m east Bel- 
fast in 1972 at the time of a brief 


political truce between the lrisb 
Republican Army and. the British, 
u Morain’s bloodbath, cast in the 
form of a Jacobean revenge drama, 
fpeuses on the third force in-that 
insoluble Irish equation, the Prot- 
estant Loyalists who wanted no 
gart or any such truce. - 

One of their number has recently 
peen killed in a pub bombing: his 
»n Tommy (Ewan Stewart) re- 
alms from London exile for the 
funeral and is at once hanH^ a 
butcher’ s knife with which to dis- 
member an innocent Catholic by 
way of revenge. The murder is per- 
formed center-stage at consider- 
able length, and though- the play, 
fcoiild seem to be a condemnation 
6f mindless Irish" violence, there is - 
something curiously nasty about a 
production by GUI that dwells in 
Such detail on the spilling of admit- 
tedly unreal blood. 

> in this staging “The Murderers” 
has become the theatrical equiva- 
lent of a video nasty, and I fail to 
see how such explicit brutality 
Serves the message of the play, 
Which would seem to be that until 
tiie Irish stop clubbing each other 
to death like drunks outside a pub 
il will be very hard for the rest of 
the world to take their problems to 
heart. .... - 

At the Royal Court a year or so 
ago (and recently Off-Broadway) 
Ron Hutchinson’s “Rat in the 
§kuir took this argument a great 



in deem n mas. 


deal further wiihout washing the 
set. in gCHe, -^and^Mbram’s play, 
step.back intobuldwry. Nattier lie 

n/Vr Int unimft i*a**i h * * — 1 • 

ence to . mm his characters into 
anything more than stereotypes out 

of a Cagney, gangster movie, 
though lhaeait some blackly' fun- 
ny monxaits: one of the young Loy- 
alist killers, having had to hand 
over a great deal of it gotten loot* 
to - his unseen bosses, notes idly 
that “Ulster is the only country ip 
the world where you can do three 
! bank jobs, before you are .20 mid 
slfll have to -sign on for the. dole.” 

. But Morqm is not yet a north- 
of- the- border O’Casey j-jgqd his- 
gunfire lullaby of Bdfastis unre- 
deemed by any insight bcy'ond that 
of a vicious and paiEeticbackwater 
of religious torture: everyone in- 
volved deserves or at any rate needs 
more than that, inducting the Na- 
tional audiences. 

At the Bush, Manuel. • Puig’s 
“Kiss of the Spider Woman” is an . 
immensely powerful aqd touching 
two-hander abduta couple of male. 
. prisoners man Argentine jaiL (hie 
is there for sonie unnamed political , 
offense, the other for accosting 
small boysih-private: yet in a curi- 
ous way the play is about neither 
politics nor sex. On one-level it is 
about the escapist power erf* bad old 
movies: Molina (wonderfully 
played m a sweaty, paunchy, gay 
bravura turn by Simon Callow) is 
forever relating Jheplot of the “The 
Cat People” to fisnon-moyiegomg 
cellmate (Mark Rylance). On an- 
other level it is a homosexual love 
stoiy, and on still a third level it's 
about betrayal and brutality and 
the breakmgroif minds and bodies ■- 
in a police state. 

Put tike That - it is unlikely .to 
-sound bke much of a fun evening 
out: yet the curious triumph of Si- 
mon Stokes’s production has been 
to turn this very static, often sen- 
tentious and sentiments duologue 





into the best double-act in town. 
While Rylance spends much of the 
evening Oat on his back, bruised by 
jailers into a! temporary submis- 
sion, Callow leaps around his new 
friend with evident delight at hav- 
ing found a captive audience even 
in appalling and treacherous cir- 
cumstances. puig is. I.think, trying 
to tellus that people who warn to 
change the world sexually and 
■ thbse who want to change it politi- 
cally have a lot in common. He is 
also trying to tell us that homosex- 
uality and' heroism are not neces- 
. sarily incompatible, and that there 
is a kind of therapy in obsessional 
•Hollywood memories. 

. Rising above most of that. Cal- 
low turns in a gay storyteller of 
hilarious proportions: whether 
wishing to be Christina of Sweden 
in order lo end up a queen, or 
merdy wondering why. if there 
really is nothing better on earth 
than- a good woman, he can’t be 
cme, this is & performance of coa- 
sdera ble courage and camp charm. 
Like the Charles Laughton he has 
long promised us a biography of,. 
Callow is splendidly unafr aid of 
going too far onstage, and the re- 
sult is an. unmissable tragi -comic 

Rylance is left to make the quiet- 
er case for restraint and butch sub- 
version, but his too is a perfor- 
mance of considerable fascination, 
leading plausibly from irritation to 
love in regard to his manically gay 
cellmate. London is soon to get 
Hector Babenco’s film of Puig’s 
novel and, it is reported there may 
even be an operatic version by 
Bans Wemer Henze. They will 
have a hard time living up to the 
standards set at the Bush. 

Though it spectacularly fails to 
five up to the revised Jonathan 
Miller ’Higoletto,” which is also 
back, in the London Coliseum rep- 
ertoire for the win to 1 , the English 
National Opera’s rethinking of 
“Grpfaens in the Underworld” is 
worth a look if only for the defini- 
tive Gerald Scarfe exhibiticn that it 
bouses by way of scenery. Scarfe’s 
sets arc a riot of gimmicky cartoons 
and blaring backdrops that should 
be shown to every other designer in 
town as ah example of how to take 
over an entire production from the 
drawing board. 

Tine, there was not a lot to take 
over:, the playwright Snoo Wilson 
has come up with an uncharacteris- 
tically leaden new translation, 
while Mark Elder's orchestra man- 
ages often to make it sound as 
though the Bach we are hearing 
here is Johann Sebastian rather' 
than Offen. 

Outride of that, and some des- 
perately unfunny , mugging from 
the entire cast, we are left with a 
great Act Two finale and a tap- 
Hjandhg ^Mercury in silver lamk 
Thai a company capable of achiev- 
ing the heights of the Miller “Rigo- 
letto” could also rink to the. ama- 
teur concert-party depths of this 
David. Poumney production is one 
of the enduring mysteries of the 

Teddy Bear Auction Record . 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — An American col- 
lector broke the world record sale 
price for teddy bears Tuesday, 
Sotheby’s said, paying £3,740 
(about $5,230) for a bear made by 
the German toymaker Staff. 

Al Di Meola and His Synclav f 

Di Meoia: “It's a whole new me." 

By Michael Zwcrin 

International Herald Tribune 

F ) ARIS — The credii on the 
jacket of his album “Soaring 
Through a Dream." just released in 
Europe, reads: “Al Di Meola — 
Synclav guitar. Guild X-500-SB 
guitar. Ovation acoustic guitar." A 
half-page box titled “.Al Di Meola's 
Equipment,” accompanying an in- 
terview in Down Beat magazine, 
included something called a “Mesa 
Boogie amp." 

Musicians have not yet taken to 
wearing logo-quilted jerseys like bi- 
cycle racers, though a novice con- 
cengocr may wonder why so many 
keyboard players are named 
Rhodes, so many drummers Ya- 
maha. Brand names displayed as 
part of today’s technologically top- 
heavy pop music are often generic 
descriptions rather than endorse- 
ments; the digital computer-oper- 
ated guitar- triggered Synclavier 
that Di Meola plays has entirely 
different characteristics from a 
Moog. though both are -synthesiz- 

The Synclavier can create, copy, 
mix. loop and even prim out 
sounds that have never before been 
beard or imagined. “You can tap a 
wine glass with a spoon, record it 

The James Dean Myth, 30 Years On 

By Richard de Atley 

The Associated Prca 

L OS ANGELES — Racing over 
• the central California hills in 
the autumn twilight, the low-slung 
silver Porsche Spyder must have 
been a mere shadow of motion as it 
skimmed the highway. 

Driving the car was a 24-year-old 
actor named James Dean! It was 
SepL 30, 1955 — the day Dean 

His death in a car crash made the 
movie actor on the brink of star- 
dom into the patron saint of young 
American rebels. His mystique has 

Rock songs such as the Eagles' 
“James Dean,” and David Essex’s 
“Rock On” evoke his name. The 
movie “9-30-55” studied the reac- 
tions of contemporary fans to 
Dean’s death. A Broadway play, 
“Come Back to the Five and Dime. 
Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean,” took 
aim at his fans’ hopeless nostalgia. 

Warner Bros, will show new 
prints of “Rebel Without a Cause” 
and “East of Eden” to commemo- 

rate the 30th anniversary of his 
death and has released a videotape 
package with all three Dean mov- 
ies, including “Giant” 

The James Dean Memorial 
Foundation plans to erect a 
$200,000 statue of the actor in Hol- 
lywood Cemetery, though Dean is 
buried in Fairmount, Indiana. 

“This idolizing — it all started 
after his death,” said Beulah Roth, 
who with her late husband, the 
photographer Sanford Roth, be- 
friended Dean in the last seven 
months of his life. Roth was follow- 
ing Dean in a station wagon the 
day he died. 

Dean had been a sensation in 
“East of Eden." but that was the 
only movie released while he was 

“It wasn't so much his acting,” 
said the filmmaker Elia Kazan, 
who cast him as Caleb Trask in 
“Eden.” “It was his personality. He 
seemed very much tike the charac- 
ter — edgy, mysterious and com- 

Others remember him as playful, 
inquisitive and sometimes rude. 

Dean once spat on the floor of 
the playwright Leonard Spiegel- 
gass. He sometimes showed up late 
on the set of “Giant" and wore a T- 
shin and blue jeans at a press gath- 
ering instead of a suit and tie. 

“He just didn’t respond to nor- 
mal social demands.” said Corey 
Allen, an actor and director who 
appeared in “Rebel." “He realized 
all that smiling and handshaking 
was just being untruthful " 

Dean was bom in Marion. Indi- 
ana, on Feb. 8. 1931. the only son 
of Winton Dean, a dental techni- 
cian, and Mildred Dean. The fam- 
ily moved to Santa Monica in 1935. 
His mother died five years later. 
Jimmy returned to Indiana to be 
raised by an aunt and uncle. 

He was a basketball star in high 
school studied theater at the Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeles 
and went to New York in 1951. 
where he played in the 1952 Broad- 
way flop, “See the Jaguar." Dean 
hims elf received good notices and 
w'as cast in “The Immoralist," in 
which he was spotted by Kazan. 

and then make chords from the 
sound." Di Meola said. “The com- 
puter memorizes whatever you pm 
into it and then plays it back in 
whatever form you want." 

Keyboard synthesizers have 
been capable of such operations for 
a long time, but the guitar synthe- 
sizer has been in commercial use 
for only about ihree yean*. Along 
with Pat Metheny. Di Meola is one 
of its pioneers, "i can go out with a 
Sony two-track digital recorder, 
sample a guy hammering a hubcap, 
come back and feed it into the 
computer and make guitar music 
out of 5 l I’m able lo use a whole 
spectrum of new' sounds which 
have never before been available to 
guitar players.” 

Philosophically, glass-tapping 
hubcap-hammering music follows 
directly' from John Cage, who has 

said: “I haven’t yet heard sounds 

that 1 didn’t enjoy, except when 
they became too musical." Never- 
theless. old-fashioned as such alti- 
tudes may seem, some nostalgic* 
pine for the days when Ben Web- 
ster sounded like Ben Webster 
rather than a digital sampling of 
Ben Webster. 

“In the past." Di Meola respond- 
ed. with no nostalgia whatever, 
“the personality of musicians was 
embedded in iheir own sound be- 
cause they didn’t have any other 
sounds at their disposal/ Today 
new technology is making so many 
new sounds available to "us. either 
you remain in the dark ages or you 
go ahead with the times. I’m going 

Now that one operator can cre- 
ate sounds or noises of orchestral 
proportion, human instrumental 
sections are increasingly consid- 
ered obsolete. Di Meola takes what 
is probably a realistic, if not terri- 
bly empathetic, view of the future 
of those who choose not to “go 

“A lot of musicians are afraid 
they will be put out of work. Right- 
ly so. These are people who lake the 
bus from the suburbs to New York 
and read the financial page during 
an eight-bar rest. In a way they 
have only themselves to blame. 
Union scale for one musician per 
day in the studio is $700. It's gotten 
oui of hand. Their attitude is often 
anything but positive. And what if 
1 don’t like il once the date is over? 
Screwed. With a Synclavier I can 
add, subtract and double, and have 
freedom to do all the crazy things I 
want to do without worrying about 
people's attitudes. But no machine 
will ever replace a great soloist. 

Virtuoso musicians will not be pul 
out of work. Only lazy musicians." 

Since he became a name with 
Chick Corea's Return To Forever, 
Di Meola has been known for 
speed. No guitarist could get a? 
loud a cheer from as many people 
by spraying such an astonishing; 
number of notes into a measure,. 
His half dozen or so albums as,^ 
leader have been averaging fCHj.Ot&f 
copies each. u| 

Although he insist* that “the 
Synclavier doesn’t play you. y<% 
play it,” the machine appears Aj 
have had a positive effect on hir% 
Now that he can create silenceq 
along with huheap-laps. in ad- 
vance. Di Meola has in effect beejy 
able to program maturity into hrfj 
software. Judging front the new al /j 
bum. and his concert in Paris at tlty 
Rex Theatre Iasi week, his musUj 

has become more thoughtful, aivn 

better paced. oi; 

“It's a big temptation for an im- 
mature young player to fill in Sjf 

Jence with a loi of notes. The beai/p 

ty of this machine is the new spaq«| 
it provides. It has enchanted 
has helped me move away from nv», 
technique-oriented music. L-.i 

“That aspect of my playing 
brought me to prominence. Whertrj; 
went out on m> own after leaving 
Chick's band 1 felt I had to coming 
ue in that vein because my audijj 
ence expected it of me So for yeajfc 
1 made music focused on fast leefrj 
nique. Now I'm interested in origi- 
nality more than quantity of soun^; 
I no longer warn lo be blow n aw^ 
by music. It’s a whole new me." 


Chatswordi Estatej 
Plans to Sell 300 '.j 
Old Master Prints 

„ id 

Reuivn • 

L ondon — About 300 oPd 

/ Master prints from one of EK-; 

is Master prints from one of EK-‘ 
gland's most important art collec- 
tions are to be sold Dec. 5, accent 
ing to Christie's, the auction house? 

The prints, from the collection « H 
the Duke of Devonshire, include 
works by Rembrandt and AlbrecRT 

The duke’s residence is Chats* 
worth, a country house and estate 
in Derbyshire," central England 
which is under the administration 
of a charitable mist. 

The trustees said the sale wa? 
necessary for the upkeep of the 
12.000-acre (4.850-hectare) proper- 
ty. r 

: ..-r.v: 

.... t 

l&u’Uahvays be recognised by yio«ir taste in Scotch. 



'It** ; 











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Johiirue WklkerR 
Recognised forgoodtasfet^^ 


At Europcar, there’s a lot 
backing up that smile up front 

When a Europcar hostess smiles at you, there’s a lot behind it 

There’s The Worldwide Welcome. A unique new 
company credo dedicated to the single most important part of 
our business. 


Because we know if we make you happy, you’re going to 
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With nearly 3000 locations in 110 countries, we’re one of the 
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h i the U.S., Latin America and the Pacific, il ‘ s National Car Rental, fn Canada ;l j TthiAi. 

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Page 10 


Dow Jones Averages 

oma Hfeti Low Last enp. 

Indus LE?jM 1343,77 133X48 134X75 + 1 x 33 

Trans 639.9B 457 JO 636.12 <S:5MB + 1111 

Util 19039 152-70 147.63 192.13 + 134 

Como 537.07 545-57 XU-34 94174 + AO 

NYSE Index 






Hteb LOW CtaM OTM 
10477 10539 106.77 +138 
12X13 12137 12333 +138 
10X97 10109 10337 +137 
5532 5454 5532 + 039 

109.07 10734 13*37 + L44 



NYSE Diaries 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 

47% 26% 
971% 72V. 

29 1C% 

13% 5 
1BV, 12* 

67% 35% 
78 44% 

57% 51 
24% 17*8 
41% 32% 

27% 1Mb 
49% 43 



3d « s 

5m 59 W, 59% 
47 46% 45% 

00* 87V* B8% 
85% 84% 85% 
W 142 M3 
21% 20% 21* 
MS 3% 
17% 17% 17% 


4% 1% 

46% 30% 
13% 9% 






12 % 

AWJlPurfZ.10 11J 
APPWpf 4.M 124 

APtDta 1J6T 

2434 16% Af&ujn .141 
30*6 25*8 AlIPpf 158 123 
Rpf HUB 113 
























































25 , 





17 . 


7 1 








2448 1 


31* 1 


26% : 


49* . 


12*6 > 


35% 1 


14- 1 


3*. 1 


12% . 


22% 1 


22 1 


75 1 


24% 1 
































14% 1 


39% i 


3Jki 1 


36% i 



3* i 



















1 1 ■»?; w mm i mri ? vjmTI 

Buv Sales "savt 

ISSi-S. 194,184 524314 1,913 

Swt.U — 137301 34X677 2317 

fWf. 5 ■ 127,995 337.487 966 

SCO*- 74 — . 134318 348321 1353 

Seat. 23 15X854 393 JIM 7.9X 

■ inchfdccT STttwMtes <fw£2u 



VoL at 4 PM 

Prer.4 PM. uiL 

Prey cnasoUdateO Oom 





Ft nonce 


Chmi Chve tao 
28137 +134 — 

38639 +150 — 

297.42 +152 — 
XSMt +7,4? — 

Standard & Poor's Index 

AMEX Sales 

Tables Include n» nationwide prices 
op to ilia cfeslna on Wall Street and 
do not reflect late trades elsewhere. 

Via The Associated Pros 






Hi oh low Close Chtee 
18538 18202 MS07 +299 
30220 3064 2073® +153 
16X25 16448 16734 +237 
8X14 7936 8X09 +835 
3030 3X53 2X90 +X35 

4 P.M. volume 
Prey. 4 pjul volume 
Prey. eons, volume 

N. Y. Stocks Advance Broadly 

VH 17% Ensercti 

56% 52% Ensch pf 5J7elQJ 
186% 94 EnsOlPfUJDel&a 
Z1% 17% EnsEjin 1286 6® 

United Press International 

NEW YORK — Prices staged a broad ad- 
vance Tuesday on the New York Stock Ex- 
change in the heaviest volume since July 23. 

Takeover stocks continued to grab investors' 
attention bat oil and airline issues also ad- 
vanced. IBM recouped recent losses and 
climbed bade over the psychologically impor- 
tant support level of 125. 

The Dow Jiones industrial average rose 1232 
to 1340.95. Broader indicators also gained. The 
New York Stock Exchange index rose 1-58 to 
106.77. Standard & Foot's 500-stock index ad- 
vanced 2.99 to 185.07. The price of an average 
share rose 49 cents. 

Advances outnumbered declines by better 
than 2 to 1. Volume totaled 130-2 million shares, 
up from 103.6 million Monday. 

“The market looked better," said Harry Vil- 
la; of Sucre & Co. in Palo Alto, California. He 
said that even though the market could test the 
1300-level on the Dow again, its advance of 
more than 10 points could prompt another gain. 

"This week is crucial to whether the market 
will continue to go up or go back and test 1300 
again," he said. 

The Federal Open Market Committee, the 
policy-making arm of the Federal Reserve, met 
Tuesday. Most analysts believe the Fed decided 
to main tain its current monetary policy. 

The Commerce Department reported that 
UJS. construction spending in August rose 1.1 

On the trading floor. Bell was the most active 
NYSE-listed issue, edging up ft to 39%. 

Beatrice Cos. followed, adding 1V4 to 3 8 Vi 
amid takeover speculation. 

General Foods was third, unchanged at 

Stocks associated with takeover rumors made 
the sharpest gains. 

Midcon Corp. was the session's biggest win- 
ner, rocketing 10ft to 56% on rumors that a 
major ofl company — possibly British Petro- 
leum — mighL buy it. British Petroleum climbed 

lft to 31%. 

InterNorth, another natural gas company, 
rose 3 to 4316. 

CBS was another big winner, adding 6% to 
116%. Loews Corp. raised its stake in CBS to 
11.1 percent from 9.9 percent. CBS said Loews 
Corp.'s actions are for investment purposes 
only. Loews (ex-dividend) added lft to 44ft. 

Ridjardso n- Vicks climbed another 5 to 68ft 
after jumping 10 Monday. After the market 
dosed, the company said it would be acquired 
by Procter & Gamble for S69 a share, confirm- 
ing rumors that Procter had nude a friendly 
takeover bid for the company. Rkhardson- 
Vicks had sought a “while knight" to counter an 
unfriendly bid from Unilever, which last week 
offered S60-a-share for the drug company. 

Revlon Inc. climbed another 3ft to 50ft after 
advancing 4 Monday. Friday Pantry Pride of- 
fered to raise its bid for the cosmetics and health 
care company to $50 a share if Revlon would 
drop anti- takeover measures. Pantry Pride fell 
ft to 6. 

Takeover talk «ih>m<wi the value of other 
consumer product companies, traders said 
Chesebro ugh-Pond's added 2 to 33% and 
Campbell Soup climbed 3ft to 42. Sara Lee 
advanced 2ft to 45, Ralston-Purina added ft to 
46 and Quaker Oats rose ft to 55. 

7J171 2952 20% 20 

B nabuH 56% 

50 104% 106% 
Z1% 17% nstEjin UHU 252 20 19% 

2M 1% Enure* 24 SBO 2% 2% 

13% 9% nteno 44 ii 11 

19% 15% EntexE 150*153 36 16% 16 

21% 17% En toxin 1-34 73 II 782 19 18% 

35 19% EaufaCB 1.14 U IS 17 30% 30% 

6% 2% Eautmfc 405 3% 3% 

22% 13% earn* pf 131 120 7 19% 19% 

50% 31% Eat Res 1J2 4.1 ? 21? 42% 41% 

u*i&irss * R4 

24% 12M EH Bus M 20 13 
20% 15 EomCi JO il 
29 IS* Estnne n 42 22 

*11* tt 
1002 12% 12 
« 21% 20% 
53 22% 21% 
7? 17% 17% 

25% 12% Ethyl 4 it U IS 591 24 

6 1% vIEvt 

9% 2% VIEW 

43% 32% ExCol 
17% 14% “ 

vie von pf 

ExCelo 122 42 11 132 41« 

Exjdust lJialU 23 16V 
Exxon 340 64 918166 53 

20% + lb 





19% — % 
4T% + % 

12 % + % 
21% +116 
22 % + % 
17% — % 

a a** 




52% +1 

36 16% 

St St 

s js 

21 13% 

15% 12 

26 15% 
646 2% 

40* 30% 
15% 11% 
22% 16% 
228% 150% 
27% 1744 
12% 988 
48% 28% 
36% 18 
3048 33% 
3646 20% 
45 35% 

11 % 6 % 
24% 1746 
It 2148 
46% 22 
10 % 12 % 
1648 9% 

29 15% 

15 12 

38% 2048 
2746 1948 
129% 68% 
44% 35% 
11% 748 
45 34% 

26% 18 

27 2® 
31% 20% 
71% 16% 
29% 20% 

37 37% 

13% 0% 

21% 14% 
1148 2% 
12% B16 
23% 17V. 
20% 15% 
30% 16% 
2548 TS48 
27% 2D% 
54% 45% 

9% 746 

4% I 
T46 U 

4% i% 

63*8 39% 
«% 39% 
56% 50% 
2248 1648 

32% 34% 
44% 27% 
5646 51 
3*% 32 
38% 31 
39 29% 

200 124% 

80% 53% 
2948 1648 
1146 7% 

5648 2948 
13% 5% 
1348 948 

56 44% 

38% 25% 
77 4446 

63% 50% 
20% 13% 
37% 21 
51 36% 

1948 13% 
34% 26 
39% 20 
74Vi 58 
73% 57% 
7S 59% 
100% m 
2618 18*8 
37 38 

31 18% 

3018 15 
5146 33% 
100% 83% 
102 97% 

846 6% 
3948 8 

19% 5% 
32% 2348 
i2% m 
22% 17 
31% 20 
2398 17% 
64 51% 

14*8 8% 
1746 10 
18% 10 
41% 26% 
9648 14% 
38% 25% 
71% 9*8 

3646 16% 
60% 29 
74*8 59% 

im io% 

3248 25% 
20*8 22 % 
40% 39 
2446 16% 
1648 9 

30% 25% 
65% 49% 

i r 

38% 2448 
2146 16% 
M9% 1 01 
50 33% 

37% 23% 
21% 8 
18*8 15% 
29% 8% 

3298 25% 
1048 13*8 
18*8 14% 
88, 65 
76% 59% 
24% 19 
26% 22'* 
7648 59 

97 78% 

3g8 224- 
35% 23% 
95% 23% 


320 48 13 1323 
1J0 6J 9 111 
2A7el02 149 

1.16 XB 8 1221 
IJQO 11 23 

* “‘3 £ 

J» 37 4 39DT 
4J5 1X0 16 

45b 14 17 

42 .9100 

M _ 

■111 49 

1J5 3jD U 935 

1 dll 

.48 89 

W 11 I Ml 
JO L7 10 70 

360 10-0 7 2545 
2-67 105 
2.10 56 16 
87 18 10 
60 12 0 
1-22 *7 16 
62 16 13 
UO 7J 7 

urn , 

-90 64 
JO 14 
J6 11 11 
460 15 11 
4,50 MU 
84a A 26 289 
318 56 9 671 
JS 1.1 10 27 

282 88 7 1107 
256 116 6 301 
1-64 9.1 10 3Z7 
288 XI 7 190 
■OB 12.1 1? 

160 105111 276 
1.90 96 6 49 


yfe ve come to learn more about your Enviro-SprayV 

GrowPak " from our E/i viro-Spray Systems, Inc. 
subsidiary, is the most innovative and versatile 
technological development in pressurized packaging 
in 40 years. For our 1985 Annual Report write, 

Grow Chemical Europe, N. V, Ouaestraat 8 B-2630 
Aartselaar, Belgium. Dept. G 

Grow Group 

^wtarip, Devoe, Ameritone, th nee of our weft-known ■ b a 

brand names. 

J0 8 51 456 

JS 13 4 7 

1 S W 
280 22 13 123S 
120 48 10 31 

275*98 2 

24% 34% + % 
12% 173k— 16 

S5 + % 

31% 32 + % 

30% 2B% + % 
6 6 — % 
30% 39 + lb 

20 28% + Vi 

34% 35 — % 
13% 13% + % 

33 33% + % 

49% 49% + % 
76% 76% 

25% V» +% 
9% 10 + % 

14% 15M + IA 
23% 23% 

1OT4 IM + lk 
12% 12% + % 
22 % 22 % 

28 28% + % 
28% 3M + 14 
M% 3+16 — % 
2H8 29*8 + U 


M ■ .£ 

Si s 

22 109 
V0 65 0: 356 
JO 19 -144 

264 1X6 20 

M 13 9 39 

1M 26 

*S'SSn' 42 

150 44 13 223 
.92 33 18 83 

8bU H 

.57 2-1 W 

,26 14 57 

52 13 9% 
J Z7 2639. 
46 11 230 
M M 

35 10 1W5 
15 9 1490 
26 14 233 

12 12 m 



J2 31 13 206 
82 16 17 138 
.57 48 M 12 
180 38 10 1377 
800 45 3f 713 
480 146 30 

tint; tv 

252 94 ■ nr 
280 35 10 121 
56 1J 13 1137 
1.16 S3 13 20J 
■60 15 22 44 

U4 A3 “ 3« 
61 16 14 -58 

IntmpU C 78 
lnMGp 188 17 

20% JWT ■ 
23*6 JRhmr 
16 Jamswy 
10*6 JopoF 

91% JerCuT 
UVb JarCpf 
6% Jewlcr 
3016 idnJn 
38% JahnCn 
59% JtmCpt 

31% Jaram 
18% Jomns 
3216 Jov Mo 

30 32*6 32*6— H 

10 309 W» 18% 10% 

107 12 1146 11% 

7 457 45*6 43 45% . 

100004% 104% 1**% +1 
2 17% 17% 77% 

10 26 72% 11% 1716 + % 
14 3417 45 43% 44% + % 

18 18 24*8 34% 24%— % 

S 21 2»OTB» + * 

82 34 03% 24 + % 

l!. '» '» 

43 39 

174- 1546 

324- 23M 

2T- 20 
20% 12 

S 148 
2% % 
S.9, 7% 

25% 9 

33 V. 11 
28% 21% 
23% 14% 
50% 41% 
4016 47% 

J8S IS 1 ' 4 

32% 10 
32% 36% 
18*8 14% 
34% 22% 
24*8 31% 
19% 10% 

12 7% 

5% TV. 
34% 15% 

16 11% 
1048 2% 
7BU 65% 
Ute «*k 
20% 15% 
33% 26% E 
39% 16% E 
S 4 E 
16% 11% E 
% E 
2346 22 E 
20 11% E 

68 16 18 
1J6 XI . 
J 23 1.9 13 
18* 4J 9 
64 U 


150 56169 
386 95 B 
2J0 58 13 
1 60 24 7 
64 U 11 
184 15 14 
160 58 1] 
■38 ).« 13 
80 10 12 
2JS 9J 
84* J 11 

Z » 

88 27 

80 X3 12 

260 17 13 

.WUJB 9 

JO Ji 11 
160b 58 9 
1-76 86 7 

67 IU 
184 U 10 

JZ 10 10 
56 Zl 12 

540 35% 
13 15% 
359 25*8 
118 2448 
1059 1848 
3280 9 

89 3% 

133 1% 

13 20*8 
202 27% 
125 2848 
343 23% 
91 21% 
5699 43% 
1564 a 
1168 11% 
8253 30% 
152 32 
158 15% 
334 26% 

2 24% 

833 124* 
73 10% 
37 4% 

61 22 
45 13 
113 2% 

707 49% 
441 0% 

417 174* 
791 28'+ 
7 20% 
30QZ 4% 

9 m. 


94 24 
139 16% 


29% 2248 LAC n 
01* 24% LN Ho 28%. 
17% 1116 ULE RY 22301 
4% 1 LLCCa 

1* 1 LLCwl 

1316 546 I fV 


Statistics Index 

AMEX Pd«* P.l* EamtaBs rcDDrt- • 
AMEX piftaS 
BYSE Brides PM Go4d nvjlll?** P * ,a 
WYSE rrtOteAows Wl 

siaeiu ’ n«n?*T* ,a *** - Wl 

sss? >? 

CBftWtWlUl*! OTC Mgrir ' „!? 

**-* p:h cJSL- 


> v. 

ML v\\ 

wn,r moTMa: pon ••/.-:•' 


jy^WTIOim MAIiAOa : 

Chief Executives in Europe 
Are Slow to Go Solo on TV 


P lnteniati^al Herald Tribune -V , V- ' . 

eeos the European executives seem to have 

S ??. of ±**J*xxnb. Or if they do, they’re bang 

tn on Revision to seD his company’s cars, «nrf 

. bfitpedio turn the company around, . ^ 

wttmg on television or radio to sell your own or another^ 

1 yctfEiappean executive sport. Exanples ofihose 

Wh ° d,Splay ^■■ctiqruiStefln thesman 

lh “ **“* won y chief executives dninot 
10 public at. home. 

o o Q \ 

*“1 \ • VS>~„ 

tW ■ . 

T*C9'V • 


PW«." T - > 
art * ■ ■ 

*r**rf'. - 

k&tft '-■ 

p u •• 

» * T .• 

country. “In England, chief r ! “ • pj%. 

executives may be recognized For SO me, the fear 
in the City or by financial dr- ■ - » . ■ _ ■ « gll. ' 

cles but very few by the gener- . Ot terrorists. 

al public.” says John Boyes, makes a televwnon ' 
accounts manager with “““*«» a television 

McCann Erikson Advertising role impossible. The port of Sta 

Ltd. m London, a unit of the ••,- • . 

big UA agency. “Some by •. •. : T . . j~rw • A • 

China Ainu 

Ad teams would also rather push creative, expensive ads than ' 
wwhat many ad teams view as dull shots of a diief executive doing Bv Leonard Sil 

Rhis thing. New York Tuna Sem 

__ SHANGHAI — The horns ol 

g\ N THEIR side, executives in Europe have all kwri* of the Huang-pa River still wake ' 

I I fears about appearing on television. The fears range from night- Crowds still parade aim 

attracting the attention of terrorists to not wanting to the riverfront boulevard, admir 

appear like a hand sell in societies that still frown on overt profit- ^ buildings of the great banks 

malting F tile houses and hotels — the 1 

“We have trouble sometimes rffmritrn g mcprarriv^c fnr pnmnw . S han g hai . Bank, the Bank of Ch 

dais,” says Marc Guelf of Ogilvy & Mather LuL, the British ^ ** Communicatiot 

subsidiary o£ the U.S. advertising agency that has the American' F aunas Bank, the Oriental, t) 

Express Co. account American Express launched its “Do You Mercantile and the huge Sasso 

Know Me” campaign in Europe in 1984. “Some chief executives quay, 

don’t want the publicity. A lot resist it because h creates the T , , rite Sassom House is m 

wrong image for them. It gives the idea that you are Hold, and the finmiaal and mi 

nowricty for yourself rather than fortbe comply,” Mr. Gudf “ 

But a brave few have ventured into stardom. The old Shanghai -a crossro 

Solo performers who seD thdr own products^ndnde Victor 
Kyam, chief executive of Remmgtcm Products toe. the U.S. '5? 
manufacturer of shavers. Although Mr. Kyamis an American, his S«*dea4 aritSTrf tEeCoS 

television advertisiiig campaign runs m 33 countries, rndyiding Qver 
France, Britain and West Germany. He speaks in whatever the Now howim, Chinese lead 
native tongue may be, including Japanese. *Tm a 29-second Shanghai and in Behing, regan 

nngmst, says Mr. Kyam, the sole owner of Remington Products. cammeraal revival and its oL 
He bought the company in 1979 in a leveraged buyout essential to China's economic 

Mr. Kyam’s television commercial canqiaign started five years and emergence on the world sti 

ago in Britain. Three years later. Remington Consumer Products want the old days hack without 

^ Ltd., the British subsidiary of the UJS. company, ran an aware- 
# ness test asking 100. people off the street whom they could . 

‘ identify; Victor Kyam, Captain Mark Ph£Bips,.whQ is Princess • • _ 

Ann’s husband, or Sir Freddie Laker, the cut-rate-aviation entre- II • 1 1 

preneur. Fifty percent recognized Mr. Kyam, 52 percent Captain illfiffe 

Phillips and 48 percent Sir Freddie. - UDV 

Many chief executives worry aboot theinqwet that a televisimi 
appearance will have on thdr personaUife. But according to Mr. ... by Ow Staff Fnm Ditpxdm 

Kyam, his televirion appearances have had a positive inmact on NEW YORK — Procter &Gam- 

his p ersonali ty. Fnr incfanr<» when he IS waiting -in ; line ami We Co^ the. U.S. Soap and food 
somebody jumps-aheadof him he no longer shouts: “Get back to • gumt, and the m a ker of Vick’ s cold 
the end of the line.” Insteadhe pofitefyapproachestheperson -remedies, Richardson-Vidcs, an- 
and says, “Gee thereis a hnehere nmybe you didn’t notice it” 'Fftroqnced; Traday that, they have 
He adds: “If the ghy is really insistent! ddn’t push it I used to to mage in a transaction 

CDwta-donP^emCM.7) ' ! worthy jQbimon. 

. * ■ . The agreement for Procter & 

' • ' - Gamble to acquire Richardson- 

J .. • ' ••••■•• • ww ... a ~ • . . -Vkks for $69 a share came amid 

| (jurrencyKaies 

suitor to defend it frran the hostile 

fromn Bitrn Oai takeover attempt of the Britirii- 

s « dja! f jr. itL our. ii. ’» ym “Dutch conglomerate, Unilever 

The port erf Shanghai, once Asia’s most important trading crossroads, and the Huang-pa River 

China Aims to Revive Shanghai 9 s Importance 

By Leonard Silk 

Mew York Tuna Service 

SHANGHAI — The horns of the shqjs on 
the Huang-pa River still wake visitors in the 
night. Crowds still parade along the Bund, 
the riverfront boulevard, admiring the view. 
The b uilding s of the great hanks and mercan- 
tile houses and hotels — the Hongkong & 
S hanghai Rank i the Bank of China l the Cen- 
tral fenk , the Communicati ons B«nk l the 
Farmers Bank, the Oriental, the Agra, the 
Mercantile and the huge Sassoon House — 
still line the quay. 

Bui the Sassoon House is now the Peace 
Hotel, and the financial and mercantile pal- 
aces are all occupied by the Communist Party 
and government bureaucrats. 

The old Shanghai — a crossroads for inter- 
national commerce as Asia’s premier banking 
and trading center and an oncost for some of 
the West’s less savory practices — is long 
since dead, a victim of the Communist take- 
over of 1949. 

Now, however, Chinese leaders, both in 
Shanghai and in Beging, regard Shanghai’s 
commercial revival and its Wd vitality, as 
essential to China’s economic development 
and emergence on the world stage. But they 
want the old days hack without the vice and 

corruption they associate with capitalism, 
and free of foreign donnnance. 

Capitalism’s vices flowered in the old 
Shanghai. The city “was not only a marker for 
the foreign powers to dump opium and other 
goods,” the official guide of the China Travel 
and Tourism Agency says, “but also a base of 
operation to rob Chinese agricultural prod- 
ucts and raw materials, exploit cheap.labor 
and carry on colonial rule.” 

. The changes wrought by the Co mmunis ts 
since 1949 have been dramatic. 

Xia Hua Yi, an editor of Liberation Daily, 
the organ of Shanghai’s Communist Party, 
said: “Before liberation, Shanghai was a mul- 
tifaceted city. But after liberation, the task 
the state assigned to our city put more stress 
on the development of industry.” 

He added: '“For a long time, Shanghai 
supported the economy of the whole country 
as one of its jobs. It produced one-ninth of 
the entire industrial output, one-sixth to one- 
seventh of the country’s total revenues. The 
state asked Shanghai to contribute more 
money, more output and more talented peo- 
ple to the country.” 

But, in his view and that of many others, 
the other vital functions of Shanghai — and 
the dry itself — were neglected. . 

Housing decayed and very little new con- 
struction was carried out. With the city grow- 
ing from 7 million in 1949 to 12 million 
today, overcrowding has become intolerable. 
Bicycles and pedestrians choke the streets, 
along with a relatively moderate amount of 
vehicular traffic. And public facilities are 
hopelessly inadequate in a city where milli ons 
of families live in single rooms without toilet 

Despite such problems, the talk in Shang- 
hai is optimistic these days and there appears 
to be a willingness to experiment in the search 
for solutions. 

Li Ru Xing, director of the department of 
finance and banking of the Shanghai Insti- 
tute of Finance and Economics, feds that 
Shanghai needs more economic freedom 
from the cautious bureaucrats. He wants the 
city to have some “independent” banks — 
independent of direct state control — in or- 
der to invigorate the economy. “There was far 
greater vitality here before" 1949," he says. 

The major purpose of the “open door” 
policy of Deng Xiaoping, China's paramount 
leado-, is in Mr. Li’s view “to make, total 
supply equal total demand, and end the eco- 
nomics oi scarcity.” The policy is designed to 
(Continued on Page 19, CoL 2) 

Richardson Accepts Proctor & Gamble Bid 

Compiled by Our, Staff Fnm Diquacha 
NEW YORK — Procter & Gam- 
ble Co, the. soap and food 

. Rkhardaon- Vicks Buxlneu 
Se gm ent * 

Sales i»y main product categories 
Total 1984 sola* 


SI £ 80.5 Personal 

care products 

47 % m 

13% nutritional 
,* products 
/ . 4 0% ^ 

Hone cn products, 
ch e wdce lasnd taetmenta 



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17. W. -Yea 








*35* • 137X75* 

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-7548 IF" 






221.10 ' 

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3X304 82*00 


New YorfcCc) 


07335 > 





5144 2.14* 




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27073. 1544*5* J72» 









-3*773* *045 





11795 * 






General Foods and Philip Mortis carry extra voting rights. The 
— that was announced last Friday, shares would have given five votes 
Humphrey Sullivan, a spokes- to each holder of Richardson- 
man at Unilever’s offices in New Vicks’s common shares as of Sept. 
York, said his company would have 27, but would have lost the extra 

NV ^ ^ 4381,904 common shares at $69 iib comment until after h srndkri votes if they were sold. 

Nonetheless the sneed v an. each- and Procter & Gamble agreed J? e -" t ^T Cn I Z?? er & The stock issuance was one of 

nommementof adefirnSve^neraer 811 additional 6334326 can ■ several defensive measures planned 

„„ „ “Jfr. shares from members of the Rich- Richardson-VIcks had been to be by Richardson- Yidcs to thwart Un- 

agreement came as a surprise since iuuuuiuuu- . uajiuu u«,u u.. uiwumju- 

several other concerns also were ar£ * son fan»2y. related trusts and a considering at least three friendly ilever, which is the world’s largest 

1 ECU U27 05M 12131 6JS34 ZtOt 4CSK7 UOH 17M» 

3 ‘ 1 SDR 1JS934 BJSJ74 1830 UOU 1JUU1 Ut7T -SUOI 13175 22*415 

Closings In Lomixi and Zurich, fixing* In ottimr European centers. New York rates at 4 PM. . 
. , foj Commercial franc tb} Amounts newOtd to boy «w pound (cJ A m o unt * ntodmd to buy oom 

Hollar (V Units of 100 (x) Units of IMXHr) Units of ItUXX hLO^rtol auotrd; NJU not ovo/toftM 
{•) To tar oom pound: UJSXA115 

' Other Dollar VateM 

' J Coroner pit ujm Cwriroar per U54 Currmcv per 1155 Coroner per UJLl 

< Anm. oastm 040 Fta. markka 5J4- Maknr.nno. 14545 S.K0r.«ron 8*140 

Austral, t 1X327 OreekOvc, 13150 Molpmo 3*040 Spawpemla 14555 

AvUr.icbB. lUri HtwKMtt 7J7B - Mocw. krona .7573 Send. town 0454 5442 ladfcm rupee 115904. PMLpeie 10X1 Ttowon* 4044 

Brazil cm. 7X9000 ledeureptou M2U0 Pedemide 1*840 nalbeM 2SJ05 

Canaatael 14721 Irish c 04*54 Saudi rival 3X501 . Turns* Ora 50.10 

Chinese vuan 198 isrMBshek. 1X8140 Stas.* *2.1408 VAE dhlnm .34725 

Danish krone 974 Kuwum finer 03008 S. Afr. rood 2344* VeeeLboBv. 1458 

Egypt, peaed 1445 

c Sterllrai 12141 Irish e - 

1 . E Sources: Banaoo do Benelux (Brussels); Banas CommmrelalelloNano (MHon); Bantam No- 
■' X tkrnam de Parts (Ports); Bank of Tokyo (Tokyo); IMF (SOB); BAD (dinar, riyat, dtmam). 

\ - Other data from Reuters anr/ AP. 

••a — reportedly bidding on Richardson- °o^y stock ownasl^tnisL. t^ver Wds as it continued itii 

— i4». -\qcks. News ofthe agreement sent f . *** c ^ mac ^ when w ' ward off the hostUe ad- 

shares of RiphnniemCvirir* .m cs “ e purchases and options were ex- vances of Unilever. Colgate-Palm- 

ereisei Procter & Uuible would oUve Co. ra d Pfizer toe. were 

to close at $68-50 own 4S.9 percent of Richardson- among the companies said to mter- 

■ • -Vicks — just short of a controlling ested in Richardson- Vicks in addi- 

The agreement specifies that interest. non to Procter & Gamble. 

Procter & Gamble will initiate a However, Procter & Gamble also Through its U.S. subsidiaiy, Un- 
r ujli cas “ 9“° *? 8000 05 possible for all received an option that can be exer- Sever offered $60 a share, or about 
89140 re m a ining issued common shares cased under special circumstances $1.1 billion, for Richardson- Vicks 
of Rich»dson-VIcks to be followed — presumably if it appeared it was if its directors did not fight the bid. 
4aM by a cash merger at $69 a share. short of gaining control — to buy Unilever also offered $48 a share, 
2*jo5 Richardson- Vicks granted additional shares of Richardson- or about $850 million based on 17.7 

Coroner per 1154 
Malay, ring. 2X5*5 
MU.PMO 3*840 
Mocw. krone .7773 
PBBLpmu' 18X3 
PMtWta 1*840 
saucunvei 3X501 
Stag.* ' 2.1408 
5. Afr. rand 2344* 

TWM**nra saw Procter & Gamble an option to buy -Vicks for $69 each. 

UAE dMom ,3i72S 


E niB e mw ey Dcp— «te 


P Mar* 





Franc . 


1 moafti 







a « ‘ • ■; " 

2 months 


4 JV4*. 

11 hell -H. 



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3 months 

8 Mh 


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IT lb-11 «• 



• • U ' 



4 HJ 94 

11 4b-ll lb 



i ■ ' 

1 nor 


4lh ftfi 




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Sources; Morgan Guaranty (ttottar. DM, SF, Ptxxkt .FFls 

Uoyda »nft (ecu); 

r i* 

Key Mtotocy HbbUsn 

Oet i 


UNtad State 




’’ a ! % 





Federal Funds , 



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■* ? A 

Prime Rate 




Broker Lean Rat* ; . 



? -i 

■ : 

com Pantr *0-17* days 

7 JO 




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J-moafti Traosarr OWs 
A*ncwnr Treasury Bias 





t i - : 



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CD'tiogf gore 




Aria* Pafl ar Pq p mlli 



2 months 

3 month* 

4 menlhft 
1 rear 


o.-bw ■ 
8 hi-bw 

BTto-l V. 

lombard Rate 

On Moat* Intartwak 
T-maotu Merbotac 

/■uaallh | *j- L u , -* 


Sourer; Routers. 

U-S- Mvaev MaupketF—rfi 

... . OetJ- 

MenHI Lynch Ready Asnts 

39 day ovaraaa ytoU; - 7J* 

Tetarate lalereef Ratg Mdexi 7781 
Soon*: Merrill Lyncti-Tetorote. 

Mtrwtma ROM 

COB Money 





OtHHwwth Itoertnrt 



3-ownft latarhont . . 

' 97/16 




9 S/14 





Catt Manor 



*W« Treasury 0H1 


i-moom utmtenk 


u in* 

Jonau .. 
if Mkhoirsn 



!>■ CM Money 

61/16 4W» 




Seurats; Ptuftrs. tfremeramn*. CndH 
Lyenous.ami of Tokyo- 

Hong kobs 
Luxeiiiheurg T&& 
Pam (HJWtaJ 3219* 

New Yura — 

l^nim niioiirtL Paris and London etffckti (bt- 
toas; Hang Kam ondZurk* ageniig and 
rtosinB pe te**; tttntr York Cemex currenf 
comma. MprieoM* us-soeromoL 
Source: neuters. 

Markets Gosed . v 

Ftoancisl markets were d«oJ Tnesday to Souih KoraitoraM*^ 

Japanese Expect 
Biding Abroad 
To Rise 7 . 5 % 

The Associated Press 

TOKYO— Japanese compa- 
nies probably will buy more 
Foreign goods than ever this fis- 
cal year, rallying behind a gov- 
ernment campaign aimed at 
easing friction with Japan’s ma- 
jor trade partners, the cabinet 
reported Tuesday. 

Japan’s 104 leading compa- 
nies will boost purchases of for- 
eign goods by an average 7.5 
.percent from the 1984 level, the 
cabinet said. 

Japan has faced particularly . 
strong pressure from the United 
States, which last year had a 
$36. 8-billion merchandise- 
trade deSdt in its trade with 
Japan. The figure was expected 
to reach $50 billion in 1985. 

The Ministry of Internation- 
al Trade and Industry has esti- 
mated that top Japanese com- 
panies would buy the 
equivalent of $104.6 billion of 
foreign goods in fiscal 1985, 
which ads next March 30, 
about a $7_3-biHion increase 
from a year earlier, said a MJTI 
import division official, Hiroshi 

The companies have taken 
steps to cooperate with the gov- 
ernment plan, he added. “Man- 
ufacturing companies, for ex- 
ample, have imported machine 
parts or mechanical equipment 
that they could buy domestical- 
ly,” he added. “Department 
stores have held bazaars and 
special sales to promote foreign 
goods. Some companies have 
taken a cultural approach, soch 
as dispatching missions to the 
United States,” he said. 

IMF Urges Bonn to Focus on Tax Cut 

| By Warren Geder 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — A confiden- 
tial International Monetary Fund 
report cm the West German econo- 
my says there is “both scope and 
need for directing policies toward 
the strengthening of domestic de- 
mand” by the Bonn government. 

The report emphasizes that 
greater priority must be placed on 
reducing tax rates rather than mi 
further reductions of the budget 

According to sources familiar 
with the report who spoke Tuesday 
on the condition they would not be 
identified, the document also ques- 
tions whether a tightening of West 
. German money-supply-growth tar- 
gets by the Bundesbank to a 3- to 5- 
percent range this year, from 4 to 6 
percent in 1984, is fully justified. 

The IMF's annual meeting starts 
next week in Seoul South Korea, 
after prdunmaiy meetings begin- 
ning Wednesday. The Sources said 
the need for West Germany, as well 
as Japan, to provide further sup- 
port for world economic recovery 
will be a key topic for discussion 
during the fund's interim meeting 
on the global economic outlook. 

Tax policy, specifically the low- 
ering of marginal income tax rates 
for individuals and corporations, is 
seen by IMF officials as the key 
area where West Germany could be 
making faster progress. But the re- 

K does not call for the moving 
aid of a planned 20-bilHon* 
Deuische-mark ($7.5-billion) 
across-the-board tax cut slated for 
1986 and 1988, as has been urged 
by a host of West German econom- 
ic research institutes and Bonn’s 
own council of economic advisers. 

.Finance Minister Gerhard Stol- 
tenberg has said he will introducea 

set of measures aimed at lowering 
tax rates in West Germany, but 
these measures would not take ef- 
fect until after the national parlia- 
mentary elections in early 1987. He 
has rejected calls to consider 
changing the timing of the tax cut 
legislation passed by parliament 
earlier this year. 

Discussions within the IMF sur- 
rounding the report have focused 
on the question of whether the pace 
of the West Germany recovery, 
projected by Bonn to show 25- 
percent annual growth for 1985, is 
sufficient to be self-sustaining 
should the external stimulus from 
the U.S. economy fade with a 
weaker dollar. 

Moreover, sources said. West 
Germany’s contribution to growth 
in the Less Developed Countries 
has been questioned as being too 
little at IMF's executive meetings. 
Mr. Stohenberg said recently that 
West Germany will show a 10- per- 
cent increase in overall imports this 

year, but may lift its intake of im- 
ports from the developing world by 
16 percent. 

The IMF report also points to 
the need to remove rigidities in the 
domestic economy, particularly in 
the labor marker. But as one source 
put it, “If the German government 
continues to say it Lakes time to 
overcome rigidities in the labor 
market, they are going to have to 
look for another way to deal with 
the problem.” 

U.S. Stocks 
Report, Page 10 

Mexico Lenders 
Agree to Defer 

Debt Payment 

Tuesday's agreement makes Both the management of Rich- 
RichardsoD- Vicks a wholly owned ardson-Vicks and members of the 
subsidiaiy of Procter & Gamble. Richardson family opposed Unil- 
The combined sales of Procter & ever’s offer and they aggressively 
Gamble, and Richardson-Vicks in b 011 ^ 1 company stock, 
the financial year that ended June The merger agreement with 
30 would have been $14.77 billion. Procter & Gamble came four days 
That would have been slightly less after a federal judge ordered Rich- 
than the combined sales of another ardson-Vicks not to issue a special 
just-completed merger — between series of preferred stock that was to 

By Alan Wheatley 

NEW YORK — Mexico’s bank 
advisory committee has agreed to 
postpone for six months a $950- 
mfluon principal repayment that 
was due Tuesday, a Citibank offi- 
cial said Tuesday. 

William R. Rhodes, co-chairman 
of the 13-bank committee, said the 
banks agreed to defer the payments 
due Tuesday and Nov. 4 until “de- 
velopments within the next few 
months clarify Mexico’s overall fi- 
nancing requirements.” 

Banking sources said earlier 
Tuesday mat the $950 million wiD 
now count toward $23 billion in 
new loans that Mexico is seeking to 
see it through 1986. 

In return for the new loans, Mex- 
ico committed itself to seeking a 
new 15-montb standby loan agree- 
ment with the International Mone- 
tary Fund, the sources said. 

Mexico already has a three-year 
extended credit facility with the 
• IMF worth S33 billion. But it re- 
cently fell out of compliance with 
the fund’s economic targets, mak- 
ing it indigible to draw the S900 
million still outstanding 

Because of capital flight and de- 
clining oil revenues, Mexico's for- 
eign-currency reserves have dwin- 
dled from $8 billion at the end of 
1984 to a little over $5 billion cur- 
rently, well below target, bankers 
said. In addition, the country now 
faces the task of rebuilding after 
last month's earthquakes. 

According to banking sources, 
Mexican officials told the commit- 
tee that they did not intend to rene- 
gotiate the country’s $48.7-billion 
multiyear rescheduling agreement 

Bankers said, however, that it 
was already dear that the pact will 
have to be amended. 

As part of the first half of the 
rescheduling, which covers $28.6 
billion, Mexico agreed to prepay 
SI 2 billion of a $5-billion loan ex- 
tended in 1983. It made the fust 
$250-million installment in early 

“We’re not happy about not get- 
ting the prepayment, but we’re 
pragmatists,” one member of the 
advisory committee said. 

The agreement to amend the re- 

Balter Promises 
New Debt Plan 

United Pros International 

Treasury Secretary James A 
Baker 3d said Tuesday that he 

will unveil a major new initia- 
tive in South Korea next week 
to help the most debt-burdened 
developing countries. 

Mr. Baker summoned the na- 
tion's top banking executives to 
a Tuesday night meeting to ex- 
plain details of the proposal. 
The meeting came cm the eve of 
Mr. Baker's departure for a ses- 
sion of the World Bank and the 
International Monetary Fund 
in Seoul. 

Mr. Baker said that the cur- 
rent case-by-case approach to 
debt repayment, in which econ- 
omies are kept afloat through 
extraordinary loan reschedul- 
ings and extensions, “has been 
successful in many respects, bat 
it has worked now for three 
years and we need to build 
upon it.” 

scheduling will require unanimous 
approval of Mexico’s banks, a pro- 
cess that could take months. In a 
bid to streamline the process, Mex- 
ico said it would like the new cred- 
its to be drawn from its 100 or so 
primary lenders. 

Such a move would be a sharp 
departure from the principle of 
worldwide participation, which has 
been a cornerstone strategy for 
handling the debt crisis in the past 
three years. 

According to bankers, current 
plans call for the h anks to provide 
their loans in the form of co-financ- 
ings with the World Bank and the 
Inter- American Development 
Bank. Mexico hopes that the two 
institutions together will proride it 
with $800 milli on net in 1986. 

Mexico also hopes to receive 
about $1 billion from the IMF in 
1986, or about $800 million net. In 
addition, as previously reported, 
the United States win provide $1 
billion in loans to finance agricul- 
tural needs. 

GATT Agrees to U.S. Stance 
To Include Services in Talks 

takeover bids as it continued its producer of consumer products, 
effort to ward off the hostile ad- u.S. District Judge Richard 
vances of Unilever. Colgate-Palm- Owen ruled late Friday that the 
olive Co. and Pfizer Inc. were stock issuance would violate the 
among the companies said to mter- ^ of Delaware, the state in 
ested m Richardson-Vicks m addi- w hich Richardson- Yicks is incor- 
tion to Procter & Gamble. po rated. He said that under Dela- 

Through its U.S. subsidiary, Un- law such a move would need 
flever offered $60 a share, or about shareholders’ approval which the 
$1.1 billion, for Richardson-Vicks company had not sought, 
if its directors did not fight the bid. . 

Unilever also offered $48 a share. T ? e said the prrfeiTed 

or about $850 million based on 1 7.7 s 101 * could not be issued until after 
millicm outstanding shares. a tr ^' f Reuters, AP) 

Washington Post Service 

GENEVA — The General 
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 
agreed Tuesday to begin talks on a 
new round of world trade negotia- 
tions after the United States threat- 
ened to walk out unless trade in 
services was included. 

“In a spirit of compromise," Bra- 
zil and India, the two main oppo- 
nents of the inclusion of services in 
a new round, said they would agree 
to an agenda that permitted discus- 
sion of any subject that any mem- 
ber wanted to raise during the 
three-day special session. 

The deputy U.S. trade represen- 
tative, Michael B. Smith, haOed the 
action as a victory. 

“We wanted an agenda which 
permitted anyone to raise any issue 
they wanted, and we got one,” he 
said. “That means we can discuss 

services and we certainly intend to 
do so." 

The special session of the mem- 
bers of GATT, the first in the orga- 
nization's history, was called at the 
insistence of the United States after 
the regular consensus procedure 
had failed to produce agreement on 
a U.S. demand that services be in- 
cluded in the new round. 

The United States was backed 
65-35 in its bid for the special meet- 
ing, which began Monday. 

“We have 60 days to get this 
show on the road," Mr. Smith told 
reporters in a reference to the regu- 
lar November meeting of GATT 
members, which will have to for- 
mally decide on a new round next 
year. “If we don't have an agree- 
ment by then, then we’re going to 
look at the whole trade situation 
more closely.” 



M#di*of) Avonue 

New Voric 10021 
Cebt* The Certyle New York 
W** <520692 
TMephonc 212-744 -1600 

A member of the Sharp Group 
since 1967 

Available at 


Jeweler since 1780 

Paris: 12 place Vendome 
London: 178 New Bond Street 
Geneva: 2 rue du Rhone 
Brussels: 82 av. Louise 
New York: 48 East 57th Street 

Since 1775 

Page 12 




Tobies include ttie nationwide prices 
up to the dosing on Wall Street 
and do not reflect late trades elsewhere. 

13 Month 
Ml* Low Stock 

Sis. CMm 

Dlw. YM. PE ICOsHIflhLowOliOl.Proe 

20'i. HU PucGE 1 M 10J 7 22a 17% 17% 17% + % 

464* 34% PocUg 132 U 13 410 41V* 40% 41'* + % 

3? 24% PcLum I JO 3.1 » 4222 39 37% 31%— % 

10 Si* PocRcS. Me A 13 45 f B% H% — % 

17V, 13% PoCRspflOO 11.1 33 18 17% 11 + V* 

17% 13 PaCSci JO 2.9 10 27 13% 13% 13% 

B3+- 41% Pat Tele in U i 2074* 40% 48 69 + V, 

3.1 24 4222 39 37"* 381*—% 

A 13 65 9 B% H% — la 

11.1 33 18 17% 18 +1* 

2.9 10 27 13% 13% 13% 

flJ 8 2074* W% 48 4" + % 

IJ 9% Pocr/ft JO OJ r 47 121* 12% 72% + 4* 

31% 23V* PtKHco 2J2 83 8 1333 BJ. 279* 2B + V* 

34 30% PocH Of 407 12.1 II 33% 31% 33% + Va 

43% 26' : PotnWb 40 11 18 1141 29% 28 % 29% + % 

34% 24% PoinW Pf 12S 12 54 27% 27% 37% 

37 32% Palm Be 1 JO 33 33 112 34% 34 34% + % 

40V: 20% PonABk JO IX 11 31 37% 34% 36% 

9% a PanAm 7122 7% 7% 7V«— % 

4 lUPanAwf 1*3 2% 2% 2% 

71 13% Fandefc n JO 1 J 20 93 14% 14U 14%— U 

41% 32% PMlEC 2J0 62 II BIB 34% 33% 34% + % 

(Continued from Page 10) 

54% 34% 
88 75% 

47 29% 

231* 18% 
21 15% 

38 25% 

3«% 29% 
24% 19% 
14% 8 Vo 

55“ 231* 
22% 14% 
14% 11% 
7% 1% 

Menm pi 
Munir o 
Mun sos 

24% 74% Trliene .10b A 
75% *% TritEPf 1.10 7J 
43% 31% TucsEP X00 7.9 
15% 9% TulfS* M tt 
41 30 TycoLb so Z2 

17% 13V, Tyler c JO U 

,10b A 24 291 25% 24 23% +1% 

.10 7J 721 75% 14% IS + % 

Jn 7.9 » 195 38V* 38 38 — % 

M » 14 164 15% 15% 1S%— % 

3 S 70 199 37% 341* S6%— % 
U 10 35 137* l5u 13%—% 

41% 22% 
14% S% ' 
29% 14 
4% 2U 
zav. 19 ' 
4 % 2 % ■ 

12 6 % 1 
42% 24 
T3% 9% ' 
25% 16 
12 3% 

11% 9V. 
52 29% 1 
83 68 ' 

53% 33V: 
85 Ml* 1 

51 JO 
49 S3 

Est. Soles 

M2 2 S 10 

1M 148 


26 18 17 
JO 11 34 
J8 25 13 

At 15 21 
884 11X 
7J0 1U 


2JB0 3J 12 

7013 39% 


-32 23% 
61 4% 

20 11% 
93 26% 
1098 nu 
82 14V. 
57 8% 

37 II • 
1633 47% 
850z 64% 
17 34% 
102 54 
48 82% 

38% 39% + % 
10% 10% + % 
.23% 23%—% 
ffi » r 
23 23 — Vi 

im lift + % 

a 26% 

12% 13* + % 
16% 76%—% 
8% 8% + % 
10% II 

44% 47% + % 
80V* BOV* + % 
64% 44% — % 
24% 24% — % 
54% 55% +2 
81% 81% + % 

55% 35% Xenix . 350 ' 6X 14 M23 50% 49% 

55% 44% Xerox pi 5J3 1O0 M 54% ffi* 

29 19% XTRA M If II E S% 22 

30% 24% ZOIeCp U2 4J T0 83T 28% 2B% 

19 7% Zapata J2 LS 56 2», 8 7% 

57% 21% ZovriX J8 .9 76 7606 51% 50% 

27 16% ZmMG 10 545 16% 14% 

21% 15% Zeros 32 U 17 52 W% 19% 

37% 22% ZanHn 1JQ 3X It Si .329 >34% 




KJ ty. •,»«;> fjrnrfr 



OcL t 


HWl Low BM ASK C1T 90 


FreneB francs per metric ton 
Dec 1J30 1 jlo 1 JIO 1/439 * 10 

Mar MM 1,425 1J2S 1J27 V4 

MOV JAM JA57 1 ASH IJ65 +8 

A 09 1520 1520 1J98 1504 + ■ 

Ocl N.T. NT. Ii40 1540 f ‘.j 

Dec N.T. N.T. 1570 1590 * 5 

E51. VOl.: 950 lot? of 50 Ions. Prev. actual 
sales: ljoo lots. Oaen (merest: ibaSj 


Frencb francs per too kg 






* 11 






+ 9 





+ 5 





+ 5 






— 5 






— 5 





— S 

Est. vol. 

43 lets Ol 10 Ions. 

Prev. actual I 

sales: 63 tats. Open Interest: 63 


Fmo fraud per IN kg 






— to 






— 70 






— 85 






— 92 






— 95 






— 43 







Est. vol. 

3 1 0*9 of S ram. Prev. actual sales: 0 

tel s. Oaen interest : 310 

Source: Bourse dv Commerce. 






ESlgi 8 c SSSIO 



Also Futures and 

Futures Options an 


t— G-MWiton 



•Applies unit to nudes 

exceeding AW itnttmcB per 
cahnttor mnnth ftni 290 
aettrurts XJ9 naunl turn. 

mil unr irf i xv Hals 


Trkrx ’■'"lifts 


— puMli WiHe.nllhnlrdfcwMi 

.k *12 BOimn ( iBnmcrriJl I'ji+ 

Ocl l 

Close Prerloai 
Hien Low Bid Ask Bid Ask 


Starling par metric tan 

Dec 14560 142.00 143X0 14360 140J0 14040 

Mar 15100 147 JO 14930 150.40 1 4SJ0 148.40 

Mar JShOO >51.40 15330 JStOO I52J0 152.40 

A 09 N.T. N.T. 160.40 16130 15930 157 JO 

Oct N.T. N.T. 14430 14730 16440 16540 

Voluma : 2322 tat? ol 50 tons. 


Starling eer metric tan 
Dec IJ94 1.787 1.787 1.709 IJBS 1.787 

Mar 1533 1516 1525 JJT7 157 « MW 

Mar 1557 1538 1551 1553 15*0 1543 

JIV 1561 1547 1554 1557 1550 1552 

sea 1543 1547 1554 1557 1553 1554 

Dec 1546 1555 1555 1559 1534 1541 

Mar N.T. NT. 1553 1556 New — 

volume: 3.707 lot? ot 10 ions. 


sterling pgr metric tan 
not 1440 1545 1588 1590 1441 1444 

Jon 1471 TJ97 1420 1434 T48S 1488 

Mar 1X01 1428 1464 14*7 1X22 1J23 

May 1.731 >442 I486 1/59 1.742 1.7*0 

JIV 1.755 14^J l/JS 1,700 1,770 1 J8S 

Sep 1X80 IJaO 1.730 U40 1500 1520 

J80V N.T. N.T. 1.740 1.280 New — 

volume. 4.928 rots ot S tons. 


U.S. dollars per metric ton 
OCT 24430 26250 2*150 24350 24150 263.75 
NO* 25950 25750 25750 2S7.75 25850 2S8J5 
Dec 254.75 25125 25125 25350 254JS 25*50 
Jon 251.75 25050 25C50 250.75 251.75 SS3JJ0 
Fefi 34950 24X00 74625 748 00 247,75 248J5 
Mar 34500 24200 34030 243.75 2*050 3*100 
API 23530 2 33.2S 23100 23325 23150 73S30 

Mar 23130 23950 33950 33030 TMBn m iy, 
Jan 32850 228.35 22830 228.75 22750 wkffff 
volume: 1.742 loisoi IDO Inns, 
iaurces.- Reuters ana London Petroleum Ex- 
cnatne ivasarn. 

Prey teas 
BM Ask 
32730 J»30 

339.00 33130 
J313Q 333JJC 
33600 238X0 
3*0.00 3*230 

344.00 344X0 
3*9X0 351X0 

U5i par nance 


Hieb Low Bid Ask 
Oct - N.T. N.T. 322X0 324X0 : 
NO* _ N.T. N.T. 324X0 326X0 : 
Dec _ 327X0 327X0 324.00 328X0 J 
Feb _ 332X0 337X0 331X0 33100 3 
API „ N.T. N.T. 334X0 336.00 2 
Jun _ N.T. N.T. 339X0 3*1X0 J 
Auo — N.T. N.T. 344X0 344X0 3 
Volume: 2e tots erf 100 o*. 


HUB Law Settle Settle 

Oct N.T. N.T. 321 TO 32* J2 

Dec 377.40 337J0 TRM 330XC 

Fob — N.T. N.T. 331.S0 335X0 

Volume: 60 lots of TOO ot 


Malaysian cents per kilo . 

Close Previous I 

Bid Ask BM Ask . 

NOW 184.00 185X0 18250 18350: 

Dee — 185X0 1BAX0 18*50 18550 . 

Jan 18550 1BA50 T55.WJ :S4CC; 

Feb 18650 1B850 186X0 188 CO ! 

M or — 188.00 190X0 18750 IJ95C 

Volume: 1 lots. 


Singapore cents per kilo _ 

dose Pluvious 1 

BM Ask Bid As* 

RSS 1 NOW- 163 X0 76150 167X0 16725 

RS5 1 Dec- 16350 la*X0 Now — 

R55 2NOV- 152X0 153X0 New — 

RSS3Nqv_ 150X0 1S1X0 New — 

R5S4NQV- 144X0 1*100 NOW — 

RSS 5 NO*- 141X0 14100 New — 

Maiarskm ringgits per 35 teas 

Commodity and Unit 

Coffee 4 Santos, lb— 

Prlnlcratti 44.30 38':. «d _ 

Steel billet? iPitt.i. ten 

Iran 2 Fdrw. Pnita. ten 

Steel scran No I nv» on!. . 

LectJ Spot. IS _____ 

Conner riect_ tr 

Tin ( Strolls 7. IB 

Zinc. E. St. I_ Bests, lb 

PGIlCflicm. c: — 

Silwcr N.Y.o: 

Scarce AP 

Ht t 

7ue A 90 
1X3 1J3 

Cxi ojy 
473X0 473X3 

21230 213X0 

77-73 87-38 

5I-2C 23-24 

te-4 9 42*1 

4.5U9 4X334 

0X8 0A5 

93-95 135 

4X3 754 

Ijondosi .^lelals 


Imontti 7X2 7X0 7JS 

Mtiontti 7.19 7.1J 7J7 

One •tear 738 7j* 7.93 

Sovretr Sclntw Brothers 


BM Yield YteM 

7X0 7JS 7J3 

7.17 7J7 7J8 

7J* 7.97 75« 

Close Previous 


Ocl 400 720 *80 73 

Now 490 730 TOO 75 

Dec 710 7M1 720 76 

Jon 750 770 730 77 

Fob 710 760 no 76 

Mar 700 750 TOO 75 

Maw 700 750 700 7*i 

Jun *90 740 690 74 

Soo ... *90 740 4*0 74 

Volume: 0 lots of 25 tons, 
source.- Reuters. 


Ocl ! 

Close Previous 

B)e ASK Bid Ask 

Sterling per metric ton 
Soot >H5: el-jo *75 00 *76.00 

Forward "’5 r,: -i«oo titjc 718X0 

Sterline per mclric ten 
3 Pel s ti5C 9*150 «,! TO 9o200 

Fjrviard 737;; C 37 JC 7S8.3P 


Starling per metric ton 
Soot '3150 942.00 744 CO 9*1X3 

Forward ’71 CO «-2J0 w 97500 


Sterling per metric ton 

Scot 27SC-3 :-2Si T'lXC 2 T 625 

Forward 22*57 2S7.W .'1SJJ 28550 


Sterling per met-ic lan 

Spot 3280 ;-/ 3070.30 3‘jOP: 3110X0 

Forwaro 3i»C3 3140XC 2IUX0 


Pence per tray ounce 

scot JTio: 439<a 4;<jxt *^xa 

Forwc-d ten 443 ro <42.00 ww 

TIN IStcmtcrd: 

Sierling per metric ton 
«po* jtsjcs S-J5C0 !’ amoe 

= or ware 5-33 0X 8'ul X 1<A0 2C S«65X0 

Sterling per metric ton 
Ssot -iSSC! 4S4 03 4-1CC *74X0 

FarvyorB no no no no 

Source: AP. 

DM Futures 

A ^mren-l's-jr-vni :<■*•> oe- 

40X00 lbs.- cent? per lb. 

*5.90 5232 Oct 58X0 58J0 

67X5 SSOO Dec 4155 61.95 

67J5 5135 Feb 60X 6170 

*757 55X0 Apr 41 JO 4155 

*625 5625 Jun 62.10 *140 

45.40 £5.20 Awe *0X5 6QJQ 

59 J5 saio oa 59 JS 99.75 

Est.Solea 21X22 Prev. Sores 24JZ4 
Prov. Day Open Ini. S0X8B ira Z31 

44X00 Ita.- cents oer lb. 

72X2 54J5 Oct 62X0 6147 

73 JO 5110 Nov *610 6640 

T9J0 60JD Jan 4UXS 69.15 

71.70 *0*2 Mar 69JS5 *950 

71X0 60*0 Apr 69X0 69 JO 

70X0 *0.10 May 68.15 68X5 

*150 65.75 Aug *130 Min 

Esi. Sales 1155 Prev. Sain 2X13 
Prev. Day Open int. B.77S OH4CB 

^.000 ita.- cents per lb. 

51-75 34J5 Oct 4IJS 4120 

50X5 3635 Dec 4110 4410 

5147 3110 Feb «U5 4425 

4715 3612 Apr 39*0 4OJ0 

49X5 39X0 Jun 49X0 43.70 


Currency Options 

To Our Readers 

FI oiling Rates Notes were not 
available m this edition because of 
computer problems. 

To Our Readers 

The S & P 100 index options 
were not available in this editor] 
because of transmission defavs. 



K ! , T T 

W yl 


^ •-'A > ] 



PQfrtfftOftdCOfltl “ 

$38 ■« tta«W« 

Est Soles T4AST Prev. Sates 
Prow. Day Open Int. 53X23 UP 369 . 


points and oents 1 • 

217XS naxo Dec waao 19155 ibbxo mxo 

209 JO 192X0 Mer ins 195J0 192X0 19SJO' 

Eta-Soias Prov.Salei 4886 

Prev. Day Open int. 7J7* crffX9B9 

doc iaua ltuxo mss 

Commodity indexes 

mooays— j- 88SJ0f 

gwrigra — ■ — 1/7D4J0 

D.J. Futuras 116X3' 

Com. Research Buraou- 223X0 

Moody's : base 100 : Dec. 31. 7931. 
p - preliminary; * - tlnol 
Reuters : base 100 : Sep. 18. 1931. 
Dow Jones : base 10Q : Dec.3T, 1974. 

■■jW -6T.U. 



advertising section 

Part One of a two-part section. 

A report from the travel 
and duty-free industries to discerning travelers 

Duty-Free Buyers Gather in Nice 

Fiight Service Begins 
in the Hotel Lobby 

"It's just about the easiest airport transfer 
in the world.” smiles a very satisfied busi- 
nessman, staring ac his hefty suitcase, case ' 
of samples and attache case being toted by a 
young bellboy. "Here at the Inter-Conti', 
nentai, the luggage stays with you for 
merely twenty steps—thc distance from the 
cashier’s cage to Lufthansa’s check-in desk, 
which is also located here in the hotel- 

The Lufthansa concept of checking in 
airline passengers in a hotel lobby has been 
being tested in the Frankfurt Inter-Conti- 
nental since last February. The passenger 
nuns over his baggage to the airline, can 
buy and pick up his ticket; gets his board- 
ing pass plus scat assignment and can go 
directly to the duty-free shops and' the 
departure lounge- upon arrival at the air- 
port. Lufthansa takes responsibility for get- 
ting the luggage to the plane, and on to its 
ultimate destination. ■ 

Early m 1986, the decision will be made 
on expanding this Lufthansa service to its 
clientele, which last year totaled- some 7.78 
million passengers worldwide. The betting 
is that hotels in Frankfurt, Munich, Ham- 
burg and Dusseldorf affiliated with Lufth- 
ansa will soon be sprouting new ticket 
offices in their foyers. - 

Germany's national carrier is obsessed 

^ 9 * 

with upgrading the services ic provides to 
passengers. Next April it has plans to 
replace its Economy section in European 
flights with an upgraded .service that will 
march the Business Class services of most 
other airline. There is talk of an increase in 
seat pitch to 34. inches. Claims. Lufthansa 
chairman Heinz Ttuhnau: "We arc going to 
have seating comfort which will be in line 
with- the Business -Class of our oompeti- 
tbfsT. ' ■ • 

These raarccomfartable seats will mean 
fewer rears in some planes, a load-factor 
loss that no profitable airline takes lightly. 
"There arc certain routes where the loss of 
seats can be compensated for by using 
huger aircraft or higher frequencies,” Ruh- 
nau explains. . 

No marketing name has yet been given 
to the hew", higher-level Lufthansa service. 
Ic is being designed after long. and exhaus- 
tive researching of che needs trf the frequent 
travelers who are the backbone of Lufthan- 
sa’s global business. "Wc have asked our 
passengers what they want," explains Exec- 
utive Board Member Frank Beckmann," 
"and they have told us they don’t care who 
is sitting next to them as long as they are 
satisfied with what they get. Our share of 
full-fare passengers is higher chan our com- 
petitbes’, and their needs are our' priority.” 

Getting to and from the Frankfurt air- 
port .swirdy is always a major passenger 

In the duty-free industry, Merry Christmas 
greetings sometimes seem ro sound loudest 
in October. That’s when the crade's suppli- 
ers and buyers gather for their largest 
annual conference of the year, putting on 
show the luxury items, the bottles, che gift 
packs char will flood into duty-free shops 
worldwide for Christmas and on into the 
selling year. 

For the past dozen years, che annual 
autumn tax-free show has been held under 
che auspices of what is considered to be the 
bible of che business, the publication "In- 
ternational Tax-Free Trader,” published in 
suburban London. 

This year, however, things are different. 
The industry has opted to organize its own 
. show, and the publication has decided not 
to contest che reorganization, throwing its 
support behind an exhibition char is being 
billed as "run by the trade for the trade." It 
is not for profit, and if the organizers end 
up with a surplus of funds, che money will 
be plowed into next year’s show. 

"Tax Free World r 85” is now in full 
swing in Nice. More than 450 companies 
are manning stands in the Nice Acropolis. 
Leggy models are daubing perfume on 
more chan 1,000 representatives from air- 
ports, airlines, shipping companies and re- 
tail outlets who are prowling up and down 
aisles of booths trying to decide which 
brands, ro stock in the months to come. 
Tiny bottles of dozens of different liqueurs 
are being sampled. Advertising backup 
campaigns arc being described and delivery 
dates discussed. Spread out over 6,000 
square merer s (7,200 square yards), sellers 
are wooing buyers on three different levels 
of the hall. 

concern. That’s why in 1982 Luft- 
hansa introduced the Airporr Express rail 
link, sending four trains a day between 
Frankfurt and Dusseldorf, with stops ac 
Bonn arid Cologne. Homeward-bound pas- 
sengers can pick up their luggage at che 
train stations, having avoided the hassle of 
carrying ic out of the airport and onto the 
train. Close to 115,000 Lufthansa passen- 
gers cook the Airport Express last year. If 
negotiations go well with the German 
railways, Lufthansa may soon be able to 
announce an extension of the service to 
Stutrgarc and Nuremberg. 

Lufthansa continues to offer its passen- 
gers a large selection of reading man a on 
every flight. This comprises some 200 dif- 
ferent newspapers and magazines in Ger- 
man, many titles in English and numerous 
publications in Japanese, Arabic and other 
languages. Lufthansa pays 10 million Deut- 
sche marks a year for this reading matter, 
given away free to passengers. And for 
sipping while reading, there is an extensive 
selection of more than 50 different bever- 
ages. It all adds up to an annual cargo equal 
to that carried by a 55-plane fleet or 747 jet 


For those 1 

who have a tough 
lime remembering which 
airlines are offering which 
bonus miles for staying in 
which hotel or dealing with 
which car rental company, 
help is now at hand. The 
Frequent Business Travelers 
Club has summarized a 
good many of the complex 
airline plans in a slender, 
pocket-sized, 36-page book- 
let: “ Frequent Flyer Bonus 
Programs.” For your free 

to: Frequent Business Trav- 
elers Club, 8-10 Duddell 
Street, CLP.O. Box 5814, Hong 
Kong. TeL (852) 5-210 Ul; 
Telex 09069 FBTC HX. 

Just four days ago, Paris’s 
kmg-a waited Picasso Muse- 
um opened its doors. ItVa 
treasure house of 229 of the 
master’s paintings, 137 of bis 
sculptures, 34 paper cottages, 
85 ceramic pieces and over 
MOO of the prints be created 
from 1901 until bis death in 
1973. In. addition to Ms own 
works is a display of Ms per- 
sonal collection: works by 
Cezanne, Degas, Matisse, 
Rousseau, Derain and 
Batons, pi*** some primitive 
art. -77>e museum is located in 
the Hotel Sale ; 5, rue de Thor- 
‘gny, in. Paris's historic Marais 

Global Nows from the Travel Industry •' 

Far the non-J apanese-speaker, Tokyo is one of the world’s 
toughest cities to navigate. However, the traveler’s salvation 
is the new 132page “Nissan Guide to Tokyo and Its Envi- 
rons.” The anto-manufacturing giant signed up -a team of 
Toky o-based foreign correspondents to write the guidebook, 
and they’ve cramm ed fn plenty of no-nonsense, down-to- 
earth advice. Cost hr 100 yen plus packing and shipping, and 
copies, may be ordered by writing tot Nissan Guide Clerk, 
Standard Advertising Inc „ Sumitomo Hibashi Shimbasfv Bldg., J- 
11 HamamatSucho, 1-chome, Mnatv-ko, Tokyo 105, Japan. Tel. 
03434 8181. , 

If r...- 

Bangkok's DusiiThani skyscraper hotel is intent on keep- 
ing its business-traveler clientele plugged in. IPs the first 
Thai hotel indeed orieof the first in Asia, to offer guests the 
use, in their.robms, of -Apple II or IBM microcomputers, 
complete with software. Previously the hotel pioneered in 
offering guests access to the latest-model facsimile trans- 
ceiver, which can send copies of documents, engineering 
drawings and other renderings anywhere . in the world 
instantaneously. For information on the electronic office 
tools available at the Dusft Tbani, telephone Bangkok 
233JU38. • •• ' _./ 

Quite a few extras come 
■with the Peninsula Hotel's 
plush Marco Polo suite, with 
its two twin bedrooms with 
bathrooms, its lounge with 
an unmatched view of Hong 
Kong's harbor, its dining 
room and guest powder 
room. A 24-hour valet ser- 
vice comes with the suite. So 
does complimentary airport 
transport (coming and go- 
ing), plus unlimited personal 
use of one of the hotel's nine 
chauffeur-driven Rolls- 
Royce Silver Shadow IIs. 
Suite prices , by the way, 
start at SI, 089 per night phis 
service and taxes. For reser- 
vations at the Peninsula in 
Bong Kong, or any of the nine 
other Asian hotels in the Pen- 
insula Group, telephone Hong 
Kong 3-67911L 

Liquors arc the largest category of exhib- 
itors. taking up abour 40 percent of the 
space, with perfumes not far behind. Gift 
items -arc featured in about 15 percent of 
rhe stands, tobaccos in about half that 

"It’s not just on die exhibition-hall floor 
that business gets done,” says one longtime 
veteran of the duty-free wars. "These execu- 
tives are all frequent travelers, so they’re 
seldom all under one roof at one rime. If 
you have something to sell, this exhibition 
offers a golden opportunity to make an 
impression on a large number of them 
wichout chasing all around rhe world to do 

Entertainment is lavish and designed to 
impress. Ar previous duty-free trade shows, 
exhibitors have chartered yachts to moor 
close ro che exhibition hall for on-board 
entertaining. Vintage railway cars from rhe 
Orient Express have been rolled into town 
especially for a firm to use as an entertain- 
ment venue. The Camel Gub, sponsored by 
rhe cigarette firm, is a late-night rendez- 
vous where many of the delegates wind up 
after rhe exhibition's official schedule of 
events has drawn to a close. 

When the delegates aren't trading with 
one another on the exhibition-hall floor, 
they may be playing golf in the show's 

The massive business of 
airport duty-free shops (left) 
started almost four decades ago 
with a single Irish saleswoman 
in Shannon (above). 

official tournament, picking up prizes ar its 
annual awards ceremony, actcnaing dozens 
of official and unofficial cocktail parties and 
participating in an afremoon-long duty-free 
conference with speakers from British Air- 
porcs, die O'Hare International duty-free 
shops and British Caledonian, among oth- 
ers, covering the major issues that confront 
the duty-free trade today. 

It’s a big show about a big and growing 
business. When the exhausted delegates 
break after their week in Nice, tottering 
home with suitcases full of product sam- 
ples, diey’ll have fixed in their minds what 
will be offered in duty-free shops this 
coming Christmas and on inro 1986. 

esmsusheb asa 
Himm Walker c Sons 
D onut rs or "Canadian Cu* k WMC * 

Canadian Club. 

Lighter than Scotch/ smoother 
than Bourbon. 

The smooth and distinctive taste of 
Canadian Club is appreciated all over 
the world. Enjoy Canadian Club, neat, 
on the rocks or mixed to your taste 

Jr Since 1858. 


Ht:i» m 3> i-KCT » — SI 3) . jnm » am-.a a> u>:i awi ^ 

*‘Mit einem neuen Superlativ 

wartet Canon jetzt auf: Der 

grolSte Hersteller von 
Spiegelreflexkameras pra- 
sentiert die Canon MC, 
apostrophiertals ‘kleinste 

Autofokus Kamera der Welt’. ” 

‘Color Foto’ in Germany wrote this about the 
latest compact to come out of Canon. 

Another Successful Year for 
Germany's Sparkling Wines 

! Caliw 

PM 4 4 

- MC 

•: r I 


The rolv-polv god Bacchus sirs 
astride a barrel here in die 
vaulted cellars of Henkell & 
Co., makers of the most famous 
Sparkling whire wine in rhe 
world. A goblet is clutched 
firmly in the tipsy god's righr 
hand. And these days, it’s over- 
flowing with good news for 
Henkell, which now has estab- 
lished a firm marketing foot- 
hold for itself in more rhan 90 

"After champagne,” says 
Dieter Ballo. Henkell’s export 
manager, "German spariding 
whites lead the way in consu- 
mer preference. We've carved 
out this market by working 
long and hard on duty-free sales 
in particular. Henkell Trocken. 
our brand leader, now outsells 
all other sparkling whire wines 
in the world in duty-free 

The term champagne is pro- 
tected by law in most countries 
(rhe United States is a glaring 
exception). It can only be used 
to denote French wines bottled 
in a specific area some 90 miles 
northeast of Paris around the 
village of Epemay. So German 
spariding whites, bottled just a 
few hundred miles away and 
using many of the same tech- 
niques. can't legally be termed 
champagne They’re called jab 
instead, and Henkell is the un- 

challenged brand leader in rhe 
global set/ market. 

Can a drinker tell the differ- 
ence between a good cham- 
pagne and a good sskt in a blind 
tasting? "We think our product 
is every btc as good if not better 
than champagne,” says Ballo. 
"But you have to hand ir to 
those French wine-marketers. 
They’ve somehow convinced 
much of the world char their 
champagne is in a class all by 

Not chat HenkeU and the 
other German makers of seki 

spend much time worrying 
about rhe French market share. 
They’re too busy ruming Ger- 
man grapes into quality bubbly 
to concern themselves ’ about 
the competition. 

GoocT wine is usually the. 
product of a strong sense of 
tradition, and there is plenty of 
chat in the magnificent house 
of Henkell. The face of Adam 
Henkell, who led the house 
through its earliest years until 
he died in 1866, stares out from 
a portrait, the huge white cra- 
vat of the era making him look 

inners take all. 

U.K., Gold Medal, Birmingham, Motor Show, October 1984 

France, Prix de la Securite, March 1985 

Germany, Golden Steering Wheel, November 1984 

Ireland, Irish Car of the Year 1984, December 1984 

Denmark, Danish Car of the Year 1985, December 1984 

Norway, Norwegian Car of the Year 1985, December 1984 

Spain, Import Car of the Year, January, 1985 

Spain, Ladies Car of the Year, January, 1985 

Belgium, Golden Claxon, January 1985 

Italy, La sportiva dell’anno, January 1985 

I J L/ J Li-' J 


f- • ^>Vi- • : 

We were pleased when we won the European “Car of the Year” award for 1985 with our brand new Opel Kadett and Vauxhalf Astra 
models. And we were delighted when we picked up almost all the other major automobile awards this year. Delighted - but not sur- 
prised. Because our General Motors Passenger Cars’ European market performance this year has demonstrated that Europe's 
car buyers have been voting for us with their cheque books. In the first half of 1985, General Motors sold more Kadetts and 
Astras than ever before; in fact, overall, we delivered 30 % more cars than the previous year. Opel is the leading make in ,5 European 
markets and a growing number 2 in four more. In the U.K., the Vauxhall marketing thrust continues with another record breaking market 
achievement. In fact, the GMPCE brands sell better in more markets than any of our competitors.. To understand why, call in at any 
of Uie 6500 GM dealers in Europe. •/' 

Genera! Motors Passenger Carsfn Europe 

almosr like a prieSc of the vine. 
Rudolf-HenkeU, next, in line, ifc - 
pictured in his larc-19ch-eenai- 
ry beard. The company then 
passed into the harids of Karl 
and Stefan and finally today's 
very , active Otto Henkell, aged 
62. ; . •„ 

The firm’s headquarters is 
besr described as a palace. -A 
vine-trimmed' walkway leads 
visitors into the central hall, a' 
massive two-story room lit by \ 
crystal chandelier. Twin stair- 
cases carpeted in blue sweep up 
to a marble balcony .rimming, 
the lobby. ^ .. 

One can imagine Handel or. 
Beethoven playing for -a royal 
court in 'this room, arid indeed 
Henkell regularly stages Some- 
thing similar. Each year it pre- 
sents a prestigious series of con-, 
certs, ensemble performances. 

Henkeirs palace-like 
Wiesbaden HQ (left) is 
a home for Bacchus and 
his. casks of wine (above). 

recitals and plays in this gold- 
rrimmed halL always to -full 
bouses.^ Nam rally, each perfbr- 
inanire also involves the delight 
of sampling some of HenkcH's 
products as well 
rSe&e tastings are encouraged 
. by Henkell, and groups of visi- 
tors are regularly shown 
through the building, learning 
how Henkell has perfected its 
153 years’ experience in making 
fine sparkling white wine. Each 
tour inevitably ends with' a cast- 
ing in tbchuge vaulted c ellar of 
the house, with its massive 
wine casks. There the visitors 
-meet up widi .Bacchus astride 
. his barrel.- Arid they, like him, 
'happily hoist a glass. . 

For detank on. taking a tour of 
Henkell, telephone Wiesba- 
den r West. Germany : (061) 

12,000 Entries 

"The envelope, please.” • . 

That’s what Canadian Club 
will be saying at a London press 
conference at , the end of this 
month, when it announces the 
British winners in its unique 
Uncomratjfr Challenge contest' 

"The winners won't get iav- 
. ish prize money riot expensive 
trophies/’ admits Cary Catc- 
meU, a spokesman for the firm. 
"What we'll gi ve them instead- 
is-fuli backing to live out:their 

wildest dreams.” . 

” . * ' \ “ ’ >T .' 

And what dreams, 

this year, Canadian dub dm*-, 
larcd bar coasters, pdsicrsj^lihaV 
ature and entry forms tx^efeibs 
.all over Great Briram ; jmd3re>;'. 
land. Humorously/ tantalizing-, 
ly, the brochure spelled 6utthe : 
contest: You tell us what fan- 
tastic, challenge you'd ; U^.re( . 
tackle. We’11 select die most, 
exciting and fund your, effort,-'* 
"Wc were delugcd-wiSi fi^ ' 
sponses.” Cartmell ; reporfe. - : 
"More than 12,000 to dat^.;An<L 
this is just from Britain' and 
Ireland, two small coutitrics 
here in northwestern Europe. 
When Canadian. Quh takes die 
challenge globally next year,.-, 
die number of entrants wodd- V 
wide could be really ■ sc&ggee-Ji 
ing”; . 

The entrants entertain "wild 
dreams. John Taylor,' a British . 
architect, wsuits to LivrrfceP.G. 
Wodehousc story "The long 
. Hole” by driving a golf ball the- - 

length of the British Isles. He 
estimates ”12,000 strokes 
should be par, give or rake a 

• fwi,. w •* 

’ Jim Gavin of Wcsr Sussex 

■ has . founded the. Lawn Mower 
iUang cr Ask>aarion, and his 
speed-mad team hope to stage a 

• grassy grand prix againsr Amer- 
fean mowermeri in the United 

i States...' • . 

5’;L Welhknown' sporting names 
i/have entered, as well as men-in- 

■ ihe-scfeet. Britain’s prestigious 
/. LcaiKjCT Bcac; Club, headquar- 
tered at Henley, has asked to i 
4 send one of its crews rowing I 

• s 'across , the. Hellespont in Tur-I 
jjtty, planning not to drown as , 
'did die mythical Greek hero 

rwho gave the dub its name. 

; Hiram Walker will be in- 
.- .yesring almosr $200,000 to help 
its winners live our their fanta- 
sies. Dreams don’t come cheap. 
'Boritwfllbc money-well spent 
for . Canadian Club if it builds 
-.brand' recognition ac. dub and 
pub. And for the contest scan- 
ners, re means the adventure of 
a lifetime. 

• - The British contest, is now 
, closed, and entries ore being 
studied. For information on 
When Canadian dub's Uncom- 
mon Challenge Competition 
may be opening up elsewhere 
in the World, write Canadian 
dub Uncommon Challenge, 

P. O. Box 41, Blackpool, Lanca- 
shire FY1 3LD, England. 

400 Kobierg Danhardpl atz 3 ■ Germany 


i^pdl^ ^ is really the most 
:w)e^Sibirskaya ; The 
3rednn<S}^^. ; ifyft-there 


Firm ’s 
entries *! 

The Ultimate 

It weighs approximately two 
IriJos (five pounds), runs, on 7 
everything from a car battery to 
the household main, focuses 
automatically and ihrearens 'ro' 
cum an entire generation off 
business executives into do-it- 
yourself Hitchcocks and Fel- 

The just-introduced Canon 
VM-Ei- ' — ■ trade-named the 
Canoyision 8 — is cverymsm.’s 
hand-held videotape, camera, a 
device chat uses a computer to 
analyze lighting and select lens 
openings and an infrared beam 
to determine focus. AH’ the 
holder has to do is load, aim 
and shoot, with the result: bril- 
liantly clear, well-focused color 
• video. • ’ 

Every executive on the road 
has had the experience of hear- 
ing a testimonial from a satis- . 
fied customer that he wished he- 
could record on tape, for mar- 
keting re-use. Or has" seen i 
hitch inrhe manufacturing pro-- 
cess which, if it could have been ■ 

recorded on tape for 1 replky,-; 
would have been easy to solve. . 
Or has' ken customer reaction '. 
ac the point of. sale which, if. 
captured on- tape, could'becotzut 
the lead-in to' a valuable' Sales 
training film. Now, capturing 
each or these moments on color 
tape. is" possibly thanks to Guv- ., 
on’s easy-co-caqy video camera. 
It may become as much a part ' 
of an executive's travel gear sis a" 
weU-baprercd- attache case." • 

ThiV remarkable new"all-m-' 
one device is, 10 .Essence; both a 
zoom-lens, television camera 
. and' a; VCR. The .new. :8mm 
^sserte ir rakeis hardly bigger 1 
thcm '. ,dae . one used in' a car 
stdeo,ji^tlfor "up to 180 mip- ! 
“iices -jTieccaxlsjji unmarcbable 
clarity of , 'color. An array, of '■ 
buttons on xhe side of the cam--/ 
era prnni cs an instan t review of •- 
the . liSr. five seconds of each 

ly through the camera’s view- 1 
fintkrjT^TU^cp send-fiJm to 
alab/or processing. 

When .staff or ffapiily view- 
ings are desired, it’s possible to 
. plug the camera right into the 
Back of. an ordinary television 
set and project: die rapeimme- 
. diatelyJ : 

• .-.Along.- with rhe normal ac- 
cessory Jot .bag. of : long- and 

.wide-angldi ' converters and as- 
; sorted filters, Cation offers the 
CG-El 'Character Generator, es- 
sentially an .electronic rTrle cre- 
ator. The camera operator can 
princ' directly onto the cape ev- 
erything froiii a' rirle frame to 
captions co.The End as the tape 
diiws to a close. • 

'"It’s the ulcimare home-mo- 
yiemaking device,** observes 
Canon's Yasunori. Morimoto.- 
gives the customer a greur 
ease of use, coupled with porca- 
bility and-cxceUent^ results. In. 
riiort; wt think. k’s' a smashing 
: product, a; tealwinner in every 
■jense7_ v £ . 

• - Y.qyr,: focal photography 
shop’ should have, the Canoyi- 
siph ,8 in. stock before .Chnst- 

'Tf you wane rb meet rhe man 
who launched all this,” says 
Carl Timelnoc, export market- 
ing manager for Dein hard & 
Co., producer of some of Ger- 
many’s finest wines, "you'll 
have ro go to Nuremberg, fie 
was a 17th-century wine mer- 
chant named Hanns-Chriscof 
Dei nh and, and you’ll find his 
portrait, wineglass clutched to 
his bosom, in a museum there. 

"His descendant, Johann 
Friedrich Deinhard. ctnie hire 
to Koblenz to start a wine' busi- 
ness in 1794,. and even though 
he was only 22, he succeeded. 
Deinhard has been in wine ever 

• Sure enough, the bearded, 
velvet-robed Hanns-Chrisrof 
docs peer our at the world from 
a wall in Nuremberg. The com- 
pany rhat carries his name- has 
levered itself up into the rop 
rungs of international wine- 
making over the past 191 years. 
■The firm is srill family-owned 
and srill ages much of its wine 
in vats three srories below rhe 
simple green-and-white offices 
facing a town square quire logi- 
cally called Deinliardplatz after 
Koblenz’s most widely discrib- 
‘ : uted product^ 

"Size is not imporran t ro us,” 
.Tiocelnot explains. "We’re nor 
; -the; biggest -’wine producers in - 
■Germany. Bur we’ve become 

famous for the chateau quality 
of our fine wines, which match 
the French in every respect. We 
own some of the finest vine- 
yards in Germany, which help 
to ensure great vintages each 
year. More important, we’ve 
been exporting fine wines long- 
er than most other German 
firms. In 1S55. our firm sent irs 
first rep co England, and he 
came back with £500 in orders, 
an unprecedented sale. Now 
we’re selling to more rhan 80 
countries, and year by year our 
export rocals grow as the world 
sharpens its appreciation for 
-fine wines:” 

The world’s airlines are in- 

( A hove) Deinhard's 
historic headquarters 
in Koblenz. 

(Left) Portrait of 
Hanns-Christof Deinhard. 
founder of the wine 
dynast y. 

creasinglv pouring Dcinlvard 
into passengers' glasses. Luft- 
hansa, Air Canada and North- 
west Orienr arc serving the 
Lila; Pan Am. American Air- 
lines, British Airways. Girhzy 
Pacific, Eastern. Varig and CP 
Air dispense Deinhard Ries- 

Dcinhard's success story in 
the jir is matched in duty-free 
shops on che ground. ”A few 
years ago.” says Time! nor, "you 
couldn’t find wine in any air- 
port or shipboard duty-frtx- 
shops. They sold spirirs, li- 
queurs, brandies only. But 
rhat’s all changed now. Virtual- 
ly all the major duty-free shops 
stock fine wines, and it’s possi- 
ble to buy them at considerable 

"We know the frequent flier 
has the taste and the pocket- 
book ro appreciate and order 
fine wines. And rheir numbers 
are increasing all the rime — up 
40 percent in the past five 
years— which means they're a 
marker we can't afford to 

"There's another important 
global trend which has benefit- 
ed German wines,” Tincclnoc 
continues. “The consumer in- 
creasingly wanrs a wine that is 
light and low in alcoholic con- 
tent — rhe perfc-cr description 
of a good German wine.” 

Deinhard Ivas explored rhe 
cruise- line market with consid- 
erable success, and more than a 
few ocean liners casr off these 
days with their liquor lockers 
crammed with cases of Dein- 
hard Green Libel, Moselle. Ber- 
eich Bernlustel. Liebfraumilch 
and Riesling Kabincrr. ’’Wc'rc 
also very interesred in rhe U.S. 
milicuy market and run a con- 
stant series of promorions in 
the G1 scores — tastings, shelf- 
calkers. neck tags around the 
bottles — to explain German 
wines to these customers and 
indicate whar foods each wine 
most enhances. The same with 

the diplomatic corps in Germa- 
ny. Word-of-mouth in the busi- 
ness is srill unbearable advertis- 

For those interested in learn- 
ing more about the lively lore 
of German wines, a visit co 
Dcinhard's homey head office 
in the center of Koblen? i> 
highly advised. Johann Fried- 
rich's original wine cellars luve 
been immaculately maintained, 
and rhere one can see nor onlv 
rhe more ancient methods <.*f 
processing the grape, but also 
siimc of the modern techniques 
chat have permitted Deinhard 
to steadily increase its annual 
wine srorage and aging capacity 
co irs present 25 million liters 
f 6.5 million gallons). 

Visits to Dcinhard's cellars 
and archives are encouraged- 
for details on opening hours, 
telephone Koblenz (026 i > 


The excellence of Beefeater Gin springs initially 
from the water. 

Infactfrom the Burrough family's own artesian 
well, a mere mile or so away from the Houses of 

It is the singular quality of this water that is 
so important to the distillation of really fine London 

And a vital ingredient in the original recipe 

B passed down by James Burrough in 1820. 
Upon which, you could say, Beefeater's 
success has been . . . well-founded. 


-.Vi*** it 



L*-> JU0 


Page 15 

Air and Sea Passengers Making German 
Chateau Wines Duty-Free Favorites 






The sporty Opel Monza | left ) and sleek Senator (below) 
tire highly ranked by tax-free car buyers. 

■J :■■ \. ' Kvfc »: ■ 

i: A t* • 

i . ■ "Nl~»*w---rn-rrr -V - '~~~' \ " — ' **- — ‘ 


Cars for Decision Makers 

L?’". S" ■■VyWmy: 


VCjicn rhe frequent airplane 
trader gets hi> or her fecr on 
r!ij ground, those fort arc -ron 
hefdcd For aroxlicr form of 
modern transportation — the 
automobile. Refleeting the Frc- 
quJ-Tir traveler's lifestyle, that 
c tf is most likely “a high-priced 
vehicle ac die luxury level, with 
power atarus and prestige.'" 

*Tiut description comes from 
Jofcn G. Bags haw. executive di- 
rector for European car sales 
xnd board member of Adam 
Opel AG. General Motors' 
German-based subsidiary. Bae- 
>iuw is describing the Senator 
.irjl Monza. Opcl's rop-of-rhe- 
link models, which in Britain 
a,<j sold by Y.uixhall. 

"The Senator was introduced 
in file late i c >"Os as Opcl’s flag- 
>lirp in the upper price and 
performance class, wirh the 
Mrtnza as its sports-car version. 
All hough Opd is primarily a 
vojume car maker, the company traditionally included luxu- 
r\ lars in its range. 

Currently, the Senator is 
available with 2.2-, 2.5- and 3- 
liter gasoline and 2.5-1 iter TD 
diesel engines. They are all 
available with 5-speed manual 
transmission nr Opel 4 -speed 
automatic. The 2.2-liter version 
also comes with a 4- speed man- 
ual transmission. The 3-Iircr 
model ii> capjble of speeds of 
210 kilometers 1 130 miles) per 
hour. The 2.2-liter and diesel 
Senators are equipped with 
four-cylinder engines, rhe 2A- 
and 5-Iiter models with six cyl- 

Opel expanded its luxury 
line to include four-cylinder 
models because of a trend clear- 
ly noticeable by 19S3- six-cylin- 
der cars were no longer consid- 
ered the sole prestige symbol. 
In l‘Ts». -io percent of all newly 
registered large-class cars in 
Germany were equipped with 
six -cylinder engines. By 1981. 
this applied to only 35 percent. 

The Monza comes with 2.2-. 
2.5- and 3- liter gasoline engines. 

The 2.2-liter version has four 
cylinders, the others six. The 
same variety of transmissions is 
available. The 3-lirer Monza is 
capable of speeds up to 215 
kilometers {135 miles) per 

Opd describes the Senator 
and the Monza as cars that 
"combine dynamic driving 
pleasure with reasonable 'costs 
of operarion and a high level of 
safety and comfort. Reserved 
elegance distinguishes their ap- 

"The luxury vehicle ac- 
counts for only 7 percent of all 
cir sales in the industry," Bag- 
shaw said in his office at Opd 
headquarters in Russelsheim. 
West Germany. "Opd is really 
a mass-market vehicle, so luxu- 
ry cars tend to be a fringe for us. 

"It is the car purchased by 
opinion leaders, by the young 
:ind upcoming, and they influ- 
ence die purchases of company- 
fleet vehicles and family second 
cars. If they have a successful 

John Bagshaw heads 
Opel in Russelsheim. 

experience with a Senator or a 
Monza, they will buy Opels for 
chdr company or as a second 
car for themselves. There will 
be a flow-on effect." 

Bdng able to influence fleet- 
car sales is especially important 
in Britain, where 7 percent of 
all new-car sales are for compa- 
ny fleets. Many British firms 
provide key employees with a 
company car and other perks, 
because rhev arc more desirable 

than highly taxable cash salary 

"Most employers allow a cer- 
tain product choice within price 
classes, M Bagshaw notes. "So 
the trick is ro get an appropri- 
ate product in these price class- 
es. There is a pecking order, 
just like the English class sys- 

He adds: "You must treat 
the eligible employees like re- 
tail customers. They ate not 
interested in discounts or low- 
cost financing, although your 
starting offer must be attrac- 

The eligible employees get 
rheir firm's lisr, which shows 
them what they are entitled to. 
But they also are exposed to 
advertising, like every ocher car 
buyer. "As the rime draws close 
to when they may order their 
next fleet car, they start to read 
che auto advertising/’ he says. 

But neither che company's 
flea list nor auto advertising 

Lufthansa’s service starts long 
before your first cocktail. 


may address what Bagshaw 
calls die "wish list." 

While he headed car soles at 
Vauxhall before being trans- 
ferred to Germany in 1983, Bag- 
siuw launched market research 
on what the eligible employees 
really warn. It turned out rliac 
Traveling salesmen and others | 
who did a lot of driving on ' 
business had specific desires. 
Here are some of them: a bear- 
ed rear window {because an 
iced-up rear window: delays 
them in the morning and fouls ' 
up their schedule); passenger- 
sear door mirror as an added ( 
safety faccor for highway driv- | 
ing {and they do a lot of high- i 
way driving); a casserre player 
(so they don’t liavc to fiddle 
around with the radio dial each 
rime they drive out of a sta- 
tion's broadcasting range). 

Influences coward the pur- 
chase of a car come from many 
sources. Recently, the Austra- 
lian-born sales director heard 
them from the back seat of his 
Senator. His 9-year-old daugh- 
ter did not like his plans to 
switch to a Monza. "She told 
me that she gets a better back- 
seat view from che Senator,” he 
says. "Since German law re- 
quires her co sic in the back 
seat, she protested about any 

When all these individual 
"wish lists” are multiplied by 
16 countries, marketing takes 
on a kaleidoscopic effect. "The 
whole mix is a constantly mov- 
ing larger,” he observes. "Cus- 
tomers’ attitudes and expecta- 
tions change.” 

Pinpointing the needs and 
fantasies of market segments is 
called niche marketing. "Niche 
marketing started wirh the 
whole trim-level thing," Bag- 
slurw says, referring to extras 
such as special upholstery oc 
door coverings. He points out 
chat the borrom-of-rhe-line 
Corsa (Nova in Britain), a com- 
pact made in Spain, "cm be up- 
marketed” in its trim level to 
die medium-price level of che 
Kadetr (Asrra in Brirain), 
which is next up the line in the 
model range. 

When the Monza GSE was 
introduced, its higher trim level 
was one of rhe main differences 
from other Monza versions. 
The GSE^ trims include a 
leather steering wheel, board 
computer and Recaro scats in 
front: The GSE also has modi- 
fied suspension for improved j 
steering and road-holding abili- 
ty and an additional rear spoiler 
for better aerodynamics. 

The new Opel Kadetr. intro- 
duced lasr autumn, was named 
Car of the Year 1985 by a jury 
of 51 auto journalists from 16 
European countries. In the first 
half of this year, total sales for 
the new model, including its 
sister model, the Vauxhall As- 
tra, improved by about 25 per- 
cent to take almost 13 percent 
of che European lower mid-size 
class. The largest market for the 
Kadett is Germany, where in 
the first half of this year the car 
held almost 23 percent of the 
market for its class. In the 
Netherlands, where Opd has 
been the leading make for 16 
consecutive years. Kadett sales 
rose by more than 75 percent in 
the same period. In France, it 
was 85 percent. 


News from the Duty-free Trade 

Steve Cauthen is the young 
American jockey who has 
become king of racing in 
Britain. Fittingly, . the Ken- 
tucky producers of Maker's 
Mark , which bills itself as 
“ the most sought-after whis- 
ky in the world," recently 
bestowed its “ Maker's 
Mark Award" on Steve. 
Heeding the advice "If you 
drink, don't drive," Steve 
took the piggyback route 
home, waving a bottle to re- 
mind shoppers that Maker's 
Mark (of which only 19 bar- 
rels a day are produced ) is 
now on sale at major duty- 
free and tax-free shops: 

One of the big hits of the 
duty-free trade show in 
Bangkok earlier this year 
was the introduction of Long 
John International's Royal 
Choice 21-year-old Scotch 
whisky. The new packaging 
is dramatic, making the 
whisk}' a very impressive gift 
item. It is how bottled in an 
attractive and luxurious 
Spode royal-blue ceramic 
decanter, specially created 
for the distillers. The de- 
canter is finished in gold and 
comes in a blue suede box 
lined with gold silk. 

Hie Parker Pen Co. has been 
se fling a quality line of writ- 
ing Instruments in doty-free 
shops . and overseas, markets 
longer than most of Its com- 
petitors. Along the way Ok 
firm has amassed consider- 
able expertise in dohig busi- 
ness abroad, which it has con- 
densed into a useful report 
“The Tower of Business Ba- 
bel." The study analyzes the 
use (and misuse) of Ameri- 
can English in international 
trade, warning against slang 
(“down the tabes”), sports 
jargon (“ballpark figures’ 1 ), 
baby talk (“have to go to the 
little boys’ room”), long- 
winded sentences and too- 

Look out Schiphoi, Kastrap 
is taking aim at yon. Casting 
envious eyes at the huge 
duty-free turnover in Schi- 
phol airport’s shops. Kastiup, 
the Copenhagen airport is 
embarked on a $8.6 mflUon 
expansion program to Amble 
the of the transit-hall 
shopping center, and increas- 
ing the variety of merchan- 
dise. A consortium of the 
Scandinavian Airlines Sys- 
tem, the Danish domestic air- 
line, and a number of shop 
owners is financing the 
scheme, dabbed Gateway 
Europe. The consortium has 
slashed certain dnty-free 
prices to undercut the com- 
petition: scotch reduced 
from $18 to $13.. vodka from $7 
to $4 and perfume from $54 to 

3 tr\ fi need tnSS 

'feaf ah- wash 

^7 l mybanasy 

swift speech when dealing 
with various nationalities. 

Copi es one available at $5 
from:. Public Relations Depart- 
ment, The Parker Pen Co., P.O. 
Box 1616, Janesville , 
W! 53547, V.S.A. Tel. : 
(6081755-7000. . / 

Bon Voyage is compiled by 
Arturo Gonzales, Director of Communications, 
International Herald Tribune. The second pan 
of this section appears in tomorrow's paper. 

“. . . ein Spitzengerat besonderer 
Art, das alle Wiinsche erfullt, 
die man heute an eine Kamera 
stellen konnte . . .” 

Germany’s To to-Magazin’ leaves 
us with nothing else to say. 

PHOroaMoazM f 


European camera of die year ’84 



Page 17 

% Beatrice Gos. Plans Sale 
Of Avis, 3 Other Units 


: '€wNf^£dods 

: ToWftBcal WSSMtac 
vVS r 03Vntwi.1)ywgnwntB. 


The Associated Pnss 

CHICAGO —Beatrice Cos. said 

To«day that it plans to sell four 
busroessis. including its Avis car- 

to pare 

the debt from its 1984 acquisition 

of Esmark Inc. 

Aw. the second largest US. car- 
BOjd aga^^Hmz, earned 
$68 million for Beatrice in the sec- 
ond quarter. Included in die offer 
iS* Avis Rent-A-Car, Avis Rem-A- 
ICar International and Avis Leas- 

Beatrice said it also plans to sell 
Danskin, a maker of leotards and 
lights, Pennaco Hosiery, and Inter- 
nationa] Jensen. 

The four companies represent 
annual sales of about $ 1.1 bfllion, 
Beatrice said. In the fiscal year that 
ended last February Beatrice 
earned $479 million on sales of 
$115 billion. 

“Following a thorough review of 

British Caledonian 
Quits Airline Body 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — British Caledo- 
nian Airways broke away Tuesday 
4k from a 20- member group of Euro- 
* pean airlines to protest what it said 
was a lack of willingness to lower 
air fares and increase competition. 

British Caledonian, which raTk 
itself the only privately owned air- 
line in Europe, said rt has lost hope 
that it could make progress toward 
more competition in air . travel 
through membership in the policy- 
making body of the Association of 
European Airlines. 

“It is quite clear that some of the 
big European airlines dominating 
AEA have no wish to see liberal 
policies on air fares and airline 
competition,” said the managing 
directin', David Coltman. He y ud 
the airline would try to go it alone 
in introducing new fares. Air fares 
normally are set by agreements be- 
tween the two countries in which 
the flight originates and ends. 

our businesses, I believe sharehold- 
er value wiQ be enhanced most by- 
tile disposition of Avis, Danskm, 
Pennaco and .International Jen- 
sen,” said WDtiam W; Granger Jr., 
the company's chair man. “It is 
dear that these operations either 
don't fit our long-tain focus on 
food and consumer products, or 
will not meet our financial perfor- 

■ wiBPce requirements.” . : 

■ He said the company would con- 
sider selling Avis other in whole or 
in pans. 

Beatrice already has sold several 
of its businesses for $1.7Bflhan to 
reduce.tbe debt incurred huts $2.7-' 
bfllion acquisition of FcmarV in- 
August 1984." 

Before it was absorbed by Be- 
atrice, Esmark was a' diveftafied 
bolding company for such units as 
Hunt-Wesson Foods, Swift & Co, 
STP Corp. and Avis. 


PNBp Morris 

Total iS&t sales: 
MOmonts. „ 

. DormmHc 

Dollar Falls Sharply in U.S. on Fears of Bank Intervention 

night's close of 16790. The British 
pound ended in London at $1,412, 
up from $1.4083 on Monday. 

The dollar was fixed in Frank- 
furt at 2.6778 DM at midaftemoon 
Tuesday, up from 2.6699 DM on 
Monday. In Paris, the U.S. unit 
ended at 8.1765 French francs, up 
from 8.1525 francs on Monday. 

U* New Y«fc Tinas 

Employees Buy 
7 Ogden Units 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Avondale 
Industries Inc. said Tuesday 
that it had completed its $375- 
million purchase of seven Og- 
den Carp, companies^. that in- 
clude the troubled Avondale- 

.. _ Avondale, & new' company 
created and owned by former 
Ogden employees, now owns 
divisions that repotted 1984 
sales of about $L2 bSHon and 
g^oss pretax profits of just un- 
der $37 mflHon. Ogden, based 
in New York, will concentrate 
on food production and on sol- 
id waste disposal systems. 

A federal investigation of al- 
leged kickbacks, fraud and in- 
flated contracts with the U.S. 
Navy and other Avondale Ship- 
yard customers has resulted m 
more than two dozen indict- 
ments and 12 guilty pleas. ’■ 


Apple Computer Inc. said it has 
reduced the price of several prod- 
ucts, including its Apple He per- 
sonal computer, in tone for the 
Christmas holiday season. 

BankAmerica Corp. has won dis- 
missal of a lawsuit in federal court 
in San Francisco accusing the bank 
of negligence in an alleged mort- 
gage securities fraud that cost the 
bank $95 million. 

British Aerospace PLC has 
signed a contract lo sell helicopter- 
-borne anti-ship missiles to Brazil, 
defense industry sources said. They 
said the Sea Skewer missiles. would 
be fined on its Lynx helicopters, 
but did not give terms. 

CockeriD Sambre SA, the Bel- 
gian steelmaker, should break even 
or make a small profit in 1987, 
according to the company’s outgo- 
ing chief executive, Jean Gandms. 

peeled to report a lossoT21jSiion 
Belgian francs <537.1 mfflioa) next 
year and up to 6 bflhpn francs this 

ComputerLand Coqx, the largest 
U.S. computer-retailing chain, has 
named Edward Faber, the vice 
chairman, to replace William Mil- 
lard as chief executive. Mr. Millard 
and bis daughter, Barbara, the 
president mid chief operating offi- 
cer, resigned following discontent 
among some franchise owners. 

Ford Motor Co. announced 

plans to cut manufacturing costs 
on 1986 model cars by eliminating 
some options padcages. 

GAF Corp. said the Justice De- 
partment Jms requested further in- 
formation on its request to increase 
its holdings in union Carbide 
Corp. to 15 percent from 9.9 per- 

General Electric Cbi of the Unit- 
ed States is likely to reduce its Sin- 
gapore work force by ; 1 ,500 to 2,000 
following ^decision to movesomc 
of its operations to. Malaysia, the 
newspaper Business Times said. . 

Hanson Trust PL£ plans to con- 
tinue to seek control of SCM Corp., 
following a U.S. appeals court's re- 
vasal of a ruling that Hanson had 
failed to comply with disclosure 
rules. Hanson said it controlled 
27.5 percent of SCM stock. 

Hongkong & Shanghai ptulrlpg 
Corp. said it has agreed to seD its 
office and branch space in the Chi- 
na Building to Hutchison Wham- 
poa Ltd for 458 mflHon Hong 
Kong dollars ($595 million). 

tan Ashley, the fashion and 
furnishings group, is to be quoted 

on the 


quotation by the end of this year. 

Mitsui Osk Lines lid said it 
planned to bufld three container 
ships, each with acapadty of 2 r 500 
containers, to expand its liner ser- 
vices on trans-Paafic routes. 


tu&EwvHra Issue Pi mules 
Major A ttraction of the Day 

floating-rato-note sector generally 
.finished unchanged, with trading 
restricted to light professional 
book-squaring, dealers said 

Activity in the do Oar-straight 
sector was also limited, with prices 
showing mixed movements of 14 
point where changed; dealers add- 

The Japanese convertible sector 
was again active, although theover- 
all trend was mixed with some of 
the issues that have soared recently 
attracting a little profit-taking, 
dealers said For example, the 444- 
percent bond for Mitsubishi Heavy 
Industries Ltd -was off some 5 
points at 201. 

By Christopher Pizzey 


LONDON — The introduction 
of the Eurobond market’s first is- 
sue denominated in lire was the 
feature of an otherwise quiet mar- 
ket here Tuesday, dealers said 

As expected, the first borrower 
in this sector was the European 
Investment Bank. The 100-bfllion- 
lire bond issue pays 1316 percent a 
year over five years and was priced 
at par. 

Jt was lead-managed by Istituto 
Bancario San Paolo dl Torino’s 
London branch and quoted on the 
market at a discount of about 
wed within the 114-percent selling 
concession and total fees of 1« 
percent. Initial reaction from deal-, 
ers was that the issue should go 
well, especially because it is the 
first in lire and is for a known and 
respected name in the market. 

The day’s other main issue in the 
p rimar y market was a S250-mflEon 
fl oaring- ra le-noie issue with , war- 
rants exercisable into a 6%-percem 
straight Deutsche mark issue. The 
note was issued by Credit Commer- 
cial de France on its own b e h alf . 

The note matures in early. 1994 
and the first interest payment is 4 
basis pants over the three-month 
London interbank offered rate. 
Payment then switches to 4 basis 
points over six-month Libor, 

Tra ding ex-warrants, the note 
was quoted ai about 99.9814, inside 
the 5-basis-poini selling conces- 
sion, while the warrants were 
quoted . at about S53. well outside 
their $45 price. 

Dealers noted that a busy day for 

new issues in West Germany saw 
Commerzbank AG launch a .300- 
millibn-DM capped floater for its 
Commerzbank Overseas Finance 
NY Unit, which ended. the day.zu 
London at about 100.03, ? ver 
i ssue.pricecrfpar. . 

' . Secondary-market prices in the 

2 Philip Morris Officials 
Got $6 Biilkm by Phone 

By Leslie Wayne 

New York Times Service 

NEWYORK— The takeover by 
Philip Morns Co. of General 
Foods Corp. is beiog financed by a 

involving loans from 17 UK 
and 29 international institutions, 
which was put together in less than 
a week by two Philip Morris execu- 
tives using the telephone. 

The pair operated in deepest se- 
crecy. They were not told the iden- 
tity of the target company, which 
had been given the code name 

The details of their work came 
into public view when the Philip 
Morris and General Foods boards 
approved the merger that had been 
gmwunrgj last Friday, and a proxy 
statement cm the merger was filed 
with the' Securities and Exchange 
Commission. Philip Morris is offer- 
ing $120 a share, and is set to pay 
General Foods' shareholders be- 
-tween Ocl 22 and Ocl 28. 

Tbe;cmfit facility arranged by 
Philip Moms is composed primari- 
ly of overseas banks and includes a 
variety of interest-rate options that 
will bow much Philip 

Morris pays for the large borrow- 
ings. Hans G. Starr, chief financial 
officer at Philip Morris, said the 
large number of overseas banks re- 
flected a reluctance by many UK 
banks to lend when the identify of 
the takeover target was unknown 
and when they were uncertain 
whether the takeover was hostile. 

In afl, 60 banks were approached 
by Philip Morris during last week’s 
blitz, although the company had 
informally contacted many of them 
weeks earner. The telephone calls 
to determine the ul tima te lenders 
began the night of Sept. 23, after 
the Philip Morris board decided to 
set its sights on General Foods. 

. “There was nothing normal 
about last week in our offices," Mr. 
Store said. 

He said the code name Brew was 
selected because Santa and Max- 
well House brand coffees are 
among the major General Foods 
products. Any hint of a takeover 
would have caused a jump in the 
price of General Foods shares, 
which could have forced Philip 
Morris lo increase its bid. 

In fact, rumors of a General 
Foods takeover did help its stock 
dfimb steeply last week, when it 
rose $27.25 to close at $110.25. 
Then General Foods Monday 

moved to $118375 on the New 
York Stock Exchange, up S8.125, 
and ended unghang fd Tuesday. 

The two executives who made 

the actual telephone calk to banks 

were George Lewis, the company's 
treasurer, and Mery ell en Johnson, 
the company’s assistant treasurer. 

The fust banks approached were 
those that previously had done 
business with Philip Morris, in- 
cluding its main commercial bank- 
er, Citibank, which became the lead 
bank in the deal 

“We are borrowing in dollars 
and they are lending in dollars,'' 
Mr. Store said. “This deal does not 
bring in any foreign currency so it 
has no effect on strengthening or 
weakening the dollar. Some coun- 
tries, like Japan, have huge trade 
surpluses with the United States 
ana they have more dollars than 
they know what to do with. That’s 
one of the reasons why it is relative- 
ly easy to get dollars from foreign 

Philip Morris has a choice of 
three options in determining the 
interest rate it will pay: 

• The higher of either a rate set 

by the banks or a Tate keyed to the 
average of three-month secondary 
certificates of deposit. 

• A rale slightly higher than the 
London interbank offered rate, 
which is the rate banks charge each 
other for money. 

• A rale that is slightly higher 
than a rate amiiar to the prime 

The package is structured so that 
Philip Morris can choose the least 
costly option, and it provides for 
the indKidual banks to engage in 
competitive bidding before any 
money is actually lent 

Philip Morris expects to borrow 
about $5 billion of the $6 billion 
the banks are making available. It 
will have to pay out about $5.75 
million to shareholders in the six 
days between Oct 22 and OcL 28. 

Given the large amount of debt 
undertaken to finance the talatover, 
the company’s credit rating will 
probably be lowered, according to 
Mr. Store. 

Canadian Output Increases 


OTTAWA — Canadian season- 
ally adjusted industrial production 
rose 1.9 percent in July after a 13- 
percent increase in June, Statistics 
Canada said Tuesday. 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
staged a sharp retreat Tuesday in 
late New York trading, falling to its 
lowest level iu more than 17 
months against some major curren- 

The dollar's U.S. slide followed a 
mixed showing earlier in Japan and 
Europe and was attributed to re- 
newed feais of further central bank 
intervention against the U.S. cur- 
rency. The Federal Rom e Board 
said its index of the dollar's value 
against the currencies of 10 other 
industrial nations dropped 1.56 
percent Tnesday to its lowest level 
since April 18. 1984. 

Typical of the dollar's showing 
was its performance against the 
Japanese yen. As trading began in 
Tokyo, the dollar declined to 
216.75 yen from Monday’s 217.05 
yen. Later in Lobdon, the dollar 
dosed at 214.15 yen, its lowest rate 
since May 1981. It was more than 
three yen down from its 21735 
opening on Tuesday and two yen 
down from its level of 216.15 at 
Monday's close. By the end of the 
trading day in the United States, 
the dollar had plunged further to 
213.60 yen from 21635 yen late 
Monday. It was the dollar’s lowest 
rate against the yen in U.S. trading 
since March 1981. 

James McGroarty, a vice presi- 
dent at Discount Corp. of New 
York, attributed the dollar's de- 
cline to rumors that the Fed had 
entered the market in an attempt to 
bold down the currency. 

David Palmer, a senior vice pres- 
ident at First American Batik of 
New- York, said there appeared to 
be substantial sales of dollars as the 
U.S. trading day was winding 

The British pound closed in New 
York at SI.41 15, up from S 1.396 on 
Monday. The dollar ended at 264 
Deutsche marks, down from 2683 

DM; at 8.055 French francs, down 
from 8.1805 francs; and at 2146 
Swiss (rants, down from 2.199 

Earlier in Europe, the dollar 
closed against the Deutsche mark, 
in London at its lowest since April 
of last year. The U.S. currency end- 
ed at 26500 DM. almost three 
pfennigs down from Monday 

13 Foreign Banks 
Apply to Sweden 


STOCKHOLM Thirteen for- 
eign banks have applied for permis- 
sion to operate in Sweden when a 
law allowing them to set up subsid- 
iaries here comes into effect next 
year, the bonk inspection board 
said Tuesday. 

A board spokesman said 1 1 ap- 
plications had been received and 
two other banks had said they 
would apply before the deadline 
for the first round of applications 
expired on Tuesday afternoon. 
Foreign banks may apply to set up 
subsidiaries, not branches, with a 
minimum share capital of 25 mil- 
lion kronor ($3 million). 

The spokesman named the appli- 
cants as Basque Nationals de Par- 
is, Banque Indosuez, Banque Pari- 
bas, Credit Lyonnais and Society 
G&nerale. all of France; Kansallis 

Osake P ankki, Okobank and Posti- 
pankki, of Finland; Citibank and 
Manufacturers Hanover Trust Co., 
both of the United States; Christi- 
ania Bank OG, Creditkasse and 
Den Noreke Creditbank, of Nor- 
way; and Algemene Bank Neder- 
land NV of the Netherlands. 

Moet-Hennessy - 


Unaudited results of Moet-Hennessy showed pre-tax 
income for the six months ended June 30, 1985 of 
563 million french francs, up 40% from 1984 first half 
results. Sales totaled 3,420 million french francs, an 
increase of 20% from the 1984 first half. When convert- 
ed to US Dollars at the Jnne 30, 1985 rate of 9.23 french 
francs to the dollar, first half resnlts translate to sales 
;/^of $ 375.5 million and pre-tax income of $ 61.0 million. 

( Mr Alain Chevalier, Chairman and chief executive 
officer, said, "these excellent results exceeded our 
projections and reflect continued profitability impro- 
vement in all divisions". 

“Third quarter sales appear to confirm that the 
momentum of the first half is continuing", Mr Cheva- 
lier commented. “Excluding exceptional events" he 
concluded, “Moet-Hennessy is well positioned to meet 
its 1985 projections: a pre-tax income gain slightly 
higher than 25% and a sales increase dose to 20%". 

Io the champagne and wine division, pre-tax income for ihe 1985 first half rose 
35% to 246 million french francs, while sales increased 20% io 1.364 million french 
francs. As a result of a severe freeze last winter, this year's grape supply is expected to 
be about 50%Iess than normal. However, a two-year-old industry reserve policy wifi 
enable producers to maintain inventory levels by using wines set aside from previous 
years. In the cognac and spirits division, a pre-tax income for the 1985 first half 
increased 35%to280 million french francs, while sales increased 26%to 1,169 million 
french francs. In addition to margin improvements and favorable currency impact, 
first half 1985 results improved due to shipment increases ofl2,4%for champagne and 
11.2% for cognac. 

The perfume and beauty products division reported the highest increase in pro- 
fits within the Group. Pre-tax income was 91 million french francs, record 56% 
increase over the 1984 first half. Sales increased 13% over 1984 to 794 million french 

“This exceptional improvement", Mr Chevalier said, "occu red primarily because 
of the return to profitability of RoC Laboratories. In addition. Christian Dior Per- 
fumes reported a 12%increase in pre-tax profits despite high expenses associated with 
launching the new Christian Dior fragrance, “Poison”, which has generated orders to 
date beyong our most optimistic projections”. 

In the horticulture division, Armstrong Roses ofSomis, California reported a 
loss of$ 2.3 million on sales of $9.7 million. This represents a significant reduction 
of losses compared to 1984, and results from a reorganization of the division now 

Moet-Hennessy is an international company engaged in the worldwide produc- 
tion and distribution of prestige consumer products. Its well known brands include: 
Moet et Chandon and Dorn P6rignon Champagnes, Hennessy cognac and Christian 
Dior perfumes. Moet-Hennessy U.S. Corporation, which represents one-third of 
total sales, includes the operaiionsofSchierfelin&Co.,aleadingdisiribuior of wines 
and spirits, the Domaine Chandon and Simi Winery in California, and Armstrong 
Roses, also in California. 

Moet-Hennessy shares are listed on the Paris Bourse and the most recent share 
price quoted on the Paris Bourse was 1.899 french francs. This is the equivalent of 
$ 229.9 at the September 24th exchange rate of S,26 french francs to the dollar. 



Managing team (law, finance, commerce) studies all 

{ propositions for company re-establishment and especially 
or foreign subsidiaries installed in France (English, 
Spanish, German). 

In a given environment, we will take charge of the 
restructuring and revitalization of your firm in difficulty, 
and will offer the benefit of our experience, connection 
and "punch” 

Please address your letters to: 
Mademoiselle HENRIOT 
270, rue Saint-Honore, 75001 PARIS 



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The General Organization for Land Development 


pmizaticn for Land Development in T 

The General Organization for Land Development in The Syrian Arab 
Republic would like lo get offers for the supply of equipment, installation 
ana construction of the works a stated here in below in tne region of Lower 
Euphrates Valiev. Zone No. (1). Seel or (7) near the city of Deir-EZOR. 

\^_jprThe axth annual International HeraW Tribune/ 
Oil Daily Conference on “Oil and Money in the 
Eighties" will take place on October 24 and 25 in Londoa 
The theme of this year’s conference is “Surviving in a 
Competitive Environment". The program, designed for all 
senior executives in energy and related fields, will address the 
key issues affecting the current energy situation and assess 
future trends and strategies. Key speakers wlQ include : 

HE. Dr. Professor Subroto, Minister of Mines and Energy, 
Indonesia; The Honorable Johns. Herrington. United States 
Energy Secretary; Allen E. Murray, President, Mobil 
Corporation; Arve Johnsen, President, Statoil and The 
Honorable John Moore M.P, Financial Secretary’ to the 
Treasury, United Kingdom. 

F or full details, please contact the International Herald 
Tribune Conference Office, 181 Avenue ChariesKle-GauIle, 
92521 Neuflfy Cedex, France. 

Telephone; (33-1) 747-12-65. Ext 4568. Telex: 613585. 

-LOT 1: 

Main intake Pumping Station (from the Euphrates River): supply and 
installation of electro mechanical equipment with the following main 
charade rislics: 5 pumping uni la of 2.4 mVs at 9.05 m, head rotational 
speed 200-400 r.p.m.. electrical motors and gears step down transformer 
station 2.5 MVA 66 kV/380 V in-and outlet piping, screening plant. 

-LOT 2: 

Lift Pumping Station: 

Supply and installation of electro mechanical equipment with die 
following main characteristics: 

following main characteristics: 

2 Arc hi median screws of 0.54 mVs at 3.19 m. head diameter 1,600- 
1-800 mm. angle 38 degrees; 

Electrical motors 380 V' and gears: 

Step-Down Transformer Station 100 kVA, 20 kV/380 V. 

— LOT 3: 

Gvil engineering works for the pumping stations (Lots 1 and 2) 
including main inlet canal From the Euphrates River (150 m). service 
roads, planting of fencing poles and fencing. 

Taking into consideration that said project would be performed on the basis 
of an intqrral and complete unit including civil and electro m*«-hanifl 

of an intqzral and complete unit including civil and electro m*«-hanir«l 
works ono only the procurements would be financed from the European 
Investment Bank's Loan. 

Tender documents are available and may be consulted at the office of GOLD 
in Damascus, Malki Street, jade! AI-Birim. and those who are w illing could 
buy a copy of the lender documents from the above said address against 
remittance of SP. 2,000. 

Deadline for the submission of bids is fixed on Saturday, November 30th. 
1985. at i’OO p.rn. local time. 

Director General 
Eng. Taha Al-ATRASH 





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Page 19- 

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By' Bob Hagerty 

International HenUd Tribune 

.LONDON — Economists at 
leading stockbrokerages here gen- 
erally do not expect Britain to 'be- 
come a full member of the Europe- 
an Monetary System soon, though 
some say chances are growing that 

the country will do so eventually. 

Speculation of an imminent 
move has been building for 
months. Last Friday, it became so 
intense that the British pound 
plunged on the foreign exchange 
market, as dealers reasoned that 
British, entry into the exchange-rale 
mechanism would require a rag de- 
valuation against tie Deutsche 
mark. - - 

“1 think the markets are whip- 
ping themselves up mto a fever, 1 " 
said Keith Skeoch, chief economist 
at James Capd & Co. ' 

.The EMS, put into effect six and 
a half years ago, is designed to alky 

such fevers by limiting the fluctua- 
tions of eight European currencies 
against one another. Full members 
are obliged lo intervene in the for- 
a gn -exchange market or adjust in- 
terest rates to keep thdr .cnrrendes 
within certain bounds, adjusted pe- 
riodically. i 

•Technically, Britain is a member 
of the EMS, but the country does 
not participate in the exchange-rate . 
mechanism at the heart of the sys- 

In what has become a liturgical - 
response, spokesmen for the British 
Treasury say that the coon try will 
join the mechanism “when the time 
is. right” and that the matter is 
“continually under review.” 

‘In Frankfurt, a spokesman for 
the Bundesb ank said Tuesday that 
there are no discussions on British 
entry at present but that the West 
Goman central bank has repeated- 
ly called for such a move. 

Among reasons that the time is 
not right, many economists say, is 
the threat of a new drop in ml 
prices. Because Britain is a major 
oil exporter, the pound often 
swings violently when the oil mar- 
ket is unsettled.- Such a swing 
would add volatility to the EMS 
and might force Britain into an - 
embarrassing devaluation a gains t 
other EMS currencies. 

“It’s very unlikely that the UJC. 
govemment would be stupid 
enough to join when the oQ -price 
might be about to break,” said 

Timothy Congdon, chief economist 
.-at L Messd & Ca . 

In addition, economists say the 
pound is overvalued: against the; 
mairk, even though the ‘British cur- 
rency has fallen to .about' 3^433 
DM from a high of 4.07 in July. 
Roger Bootle, chief economist at 
Uapd-Oure Myers, said a rate of 
3 30. to 3.60 probably low 
enough lo make British goods com- 
pethivcon the continent But Bren-' 
..dan Brown of Phillips & Drew ar- 
gued’ that current EMS members 
would resist such a low-rate. ' - 

Many case, Mr. Brown said, it is 
not. dear that Britain should cede 
. sovereignty .over -its monetary jx> 
licy. prime Minister Margaret 
Thatcher seems s ympatheti c to this 
argu m ent. Last February, she said 
that joining the mechanis m ‘'would . 
inhibit some of our parent free- 
dom of action.” - - 

Frill membership could, lor in- 
stance, take away the' option of 
stimulating the economy " through 
deep cuts in interest .rates should 
high unemployment become an 
even greater political problem. . 

; Nonetheless, many industrialists 
favor the EMS oo the ground that it 
would mean less. exchange-rate un- 
certainty for exporters, and observ- 
ers say the' Treasury seems to be 
growing more sympathetic to the 
potential benefits. 

For one thing, some economists 
say, full membership might allow 
-Britain more freedom to reduce in- 
terest rates without raising fears 
that the pound would be allowed to 
drop indefinitely. . 

They also argue that a clear tar- 

vide the financial markets with a 
way of gauging whether British 
monetary policy is tight enough to . 
prevent a resurgence of inflation. 
Now that analysis have lost faith in 
the main money-supply measure as 
a reliable guide, the Treasury “des- 
perately needs some sort of an- 
chor" far its policy, said Mr. Boo- 
tle, who expects Britain to become 
a fun member of the EMS at some 
stage, possibly as early as next 

(Warren Getter in Frankfurt contrib- 
uted to this article.) 

U.S.- Securities Underwriters 
Do Wed, Europeans Less So 

By James Scemgold 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — While the stock and bond markets struggled for 
much of the third quarter, which ended Monday, business was strong 
for securities underwriters in the United States. Id Europe, however, 
the market was soft 

The upward trend in offerings of common stock continued. After a 
modest $4.3 billion worth was issued in the first quarter, the second- 
quarter total was S6.8 billion and the amount rose to 57 billion last 
quarter, according to figures released Monday by Securities Data Co. 
The third-quarter total included the huge 5750-million equity offering 
of Rockefeller Center Properties in September. 

There was also a good supply of debt securities, with $272 billion 
issue! according to Securities Data. This was down slightly from the 
5273 billion in the second quarter. 

Bui Securities Data reported a decline in the volume of securities 
offered in the Euromarket in London. Euromarket offerings fell to 
5353 billion, from S39.4 billion in the second quarter. 

The giant of the U.S. market. Salomon Brothers Inc., remained in 
leading place in the third quarter, underwriting 58.7 billion of securi- 
ties, giving it about 23 percent of the total market, according to 
Securities Data. 

In the Euromarket, the Swiss-American venture. Credit Suisse First 
Boston Lid., maintained its dominant role. But there was a notable 
shift by Nomura Securities Co, the Japanese investment house, which 
rose to seventh spot from 10th in the second-quarter global r ankin gs. 
Securities Data reported. 

Biogen Names New Chief Executive 

By Brenda Erdmann 

International Herald Tnhunc 

Geneva and Cambridge. Massa- 
chusetts. makes new pharma ceuti- 

LONDON — Biogen NV has cal products through genetic engi- 
named James L. Vincent as chief nesting. It was foundai in 1978. 
executive, fillin g a post that has R*l?s McKenna Inc. has named 
been vacant since Walter Gilbert. Bruce LeBoss president of inter- 
the 1980 Nobel chemistry prizewin- continental operations. Mr. Le- 
tter who co-founded the company. Boss - *'bo will be based in London, 
resigned abruptly last December, formerly was executive vice presi- 
Mx. Vincent. 46, also will be pro- dent and general manager of Regis 
posed for election as chairman of McKenna, which is based in Cali- 
the biotechnology company at the forma and provides marketing and 
next meeting of its board, the com- communication services to high- 

pany said. 

Mark B. Skaletsky. who had 

technology companies. 

Hamilton Oil Corp. of Denver 

been acting chief executive of Bio- said that Erast G. Knappe. presi- 
gen, continues as its president. dent of Volvo Energy Corp., and 
Mr. Vincent joins Biogen from Bjorn Ahlstrom, president and 
Allied-Signal Inc. where be was chief executive of Volvo North 
group vice president and president America Corp.. had been elected 
erf Health & Scientific Products directors. Tin's gives Volvo AB, the 
Co. Allied's recent entry into the Swedish automaker and energy 
health-care industry. concern, four seats on the Hamu- 

concem, four seats on the 

Sears, Roebuck Picks 
Brennan as Chairman 

The AtseciuieJ Presi 

CHICAGO — Edward A. 
Brennan, president and chief 
operating officer of Sears. Roe- 
buck & Co. was chosen Tues- 
day as chairman of Sears, the 
largest U3. retailer. Mr. Bren- 
nan, 3L will succeed Edward R. 
Telling, 66, as chairman. 

Elected to the Sears board in 
1978, Mr. Brennan became Mr. 
Telling's apparent successor 
last year when he was named 
president and chief operating 
officer. Succeeding Mr. Bren- 
nan as president and chief oper- 
ating officer is Richard M. 
Jones, who is currently vice 
chairman and chief financial of- 

(Continued from Page 11) 
allow m foreign investment, tech- 
nology and trade to help China’s 

Mr. Li believes that scarcity of 
supply is the hallmark at “social- 
ist,* by which he means Commu- 
nist, countries. He bdieyes, never- 
theless, that with experimentation 
and a mature of freedom and plan- 
ning, the problem can be solved. 

He wants to help develop “our 
own model,” combining the best 
demeans of free enterpnse and so- 
aalism. The Omiese Communists 
appear to be careful not to say a. 
fcmd word directly about capital- 
ism, but mucb of their writing and ' 
tailring shows a grouting apprecia- 
tion of some of its virtues. 

T am confident we will see in the . 
□ear future a more creative and 
dynamc Chinese enterprise,” Mr. 
Li . said. Asked when he expected 
this to' happen, with supply catch- 
ing- up with demand, he replied, 
“By the year 2000.” . 

There are less scholarly Shanghai 
residents who are equally hopeful 

about the future. At the Shanghai 
Number One SQk Priming and 
Dyeing Factory, a plant with 1 ,000 
workers, a recent fashion show 
seemed to rival the best of Paris or 
Tokyo. The dancing teacher who 
had trained the show’s models said 
rite hoped that someday the Chi- 
nese leader would come to see them 
and understand what they were do- 
ing. . 

After the show, at a luncheon for 
firagn visitors to the factory, six 
Chinese around the table, when 
asked what country they most ad- 
mired, responded as follows: Four 
said. “America” and two said “Swe- 
den." The four who said America 
were the plant's top managers, and 
tbe two who chose Sweden were the 

- American executives here are 
more mixed in their reactions to 
what is going on in Shanghai 
Many say there is a great deal of 
“hype” about the accomplishments 
of the open-door policy and the 
efforts to bring more foreign in- 
vestment here. 

In Shanghai now, according to a 
list prepared by the American Con- 

Japanese seem to be in first place, 
outnumbering the second-place 

sulate, there ore 14 Chinese-Ameri- Americans by more than 3-to-l in junketings,” he later wrote in bis 

can joint ventures, including personnel and investment, al- memoirs, “Present Indicative.” mQ re because if I did the waiter 
Shanghai Cosfra, a company deal- though official data are not avail- “We found some ^Harming new W ouId be telling ihe cook, ‘Hey 

*rrAAA«e- OtonfiKnii TTAvKnrA nkla mnlA latAlnJinn r . n • ... 

ing in essences; Shanghai Foxboro able. friends,” he said, includi: 

Co., which makes electronic pro- At a dinner given the other night English naval officers v 
cess control instruments; Shanghai by the Foreign Business Commimi- we visited many of the 
Offshore Petroleum Engineering ty, a largely American group, a gayer haunts of the city. 

At a dinn er given the other night English naval officers with whom 
by the Foreign Business Commimi- we visited many of the lower and 

Corp-, which deals in rigs and rdat- cumber of executives complained Noel Coward is gone, and the gotten two marriage proposals." 

which makes nylon zippers; Shang- 
hai Cabot Hardfadng Coro., which 

Before he joined Allied-Signal in ton Oil board. Volvo owns about chairman ana chiei financial ol- 
1982, Mr. Vincent was executive 49.9 percent of Hamilton’s out- ficcr. 
vice president and chief operating standing shares. 

officer of Abbott Laboratories Inc. Stitex Corp,. a maker of comput- ^ | sraC L has named Arthur Low 
Biogen, which has operations in er graphic systems based in Here- preS jdenL Mr. Low, formerly exec- 
, utive vice president, succeeds 

• m yn f • | t -m jr Efraim Arazi, who remains chair- 

i s Commercial Importance Managers 

TWT _£ fT5¥ T °f executive vice president and 

“There were lots of parties and lXf finf*V rfXT I V chief operating officer. He forraer- 

Oiinese dinners and cosmopolitan TT J ’ ly was head of research and devel- 

j unk dings," he later wrote in his (Continued from Page II) opmenl in tbe Israeli Ministry of - 

memoirs, “Present Indicative.” more because if 1 did the waiter Defense. 

“V/e found some c ha r m ing new would be telling the cook, *Hey Masstor Systems International 
friends,” he said, including "three Charlie, that Remington guy. he has named Richard A Milley as 
English naval officers with whom don’t like the way vou cook.’"’" director of marketing for Europe; 
we visited many of the tower and Mr. Kyam gets" 1,000 letters a based in Reading, England. He had 
gayer haunts of the city.” week, most of it is fan mail. “I’ve been in the Santa Gar a. California, 

Noel Coward is gone, and the gotten two marriage proposals.” head office or the parent. Masstor 
singsong girls are gone, too. But Other executive stars include Systems Corp.. as director of raar- 
Shanghai is stirring again. The Bernard Matthews, chief executive keting for ihe western part of the 
somber Mr. Xia of Liberation Dai- 0 f Bernard Matthews PLC. Mr. United Slates. Masstor designs, 
ly said: “Yes, we should become Matthews started the company in makes and services information- 
one of the great international dy- tfi e 1950s. In Britain, he is known management systems within large 

tot o rm T w « ecuuve ' 

“There were lots of parties and VK/ any at I y chief operating 

Chinese dinners and cosmopolitan J T ly was head of 

(Continued from Page 11) 

ing “three Charlie, that Remington guy. he 
ith whom don’t like the wav vou cook.’ ” 

don L like the way you cook. 

Mr. Kyam gets 1,000 letters a 
week, most of it is fan mail. “I've 

Other executive stars include 

ed operations; Shenda Shipping of the difficulties of doing business singsong girls are gone, too. But Other executive stars include Systems Corp.. as director of raar- 
Service Co.; Vetco Dalong Off- with the Chinese — not just for the Shangha i is stirring again. The Bernard Matthews, chief executive keting for ihe western part of the 

shore Oil Equipment Corp.; Cast familiar reasons of bureaucratic de- somber Mr. Xia of Liberation Dai- of Bernard Matthews PLC. Mr. United Slates. Masstor designs, 

Software Technology Corp.; lays but also because of the pur- ly said: “Yes, we should become Matthews started the company in makes and services informatfon- 

Shanghai Wangan Computer De- ported lack of respect that the Chi- one of the great international dy- ihe 1950s. In Britain, he is known management systems within large 

velopraeht Corp.; Shanghai Man- nese have for contracts. A few of namic cities again. Our strategy as the Turkey King or, alternatively companies, 

tan Unlimited Industrial Corp. the Americans disagreed, however, should be for Shanghai to become as “Mr. BootifuL” In the television F.W. Holst & Co. ihe Mel- 
which makes nylon zippers; Shang- But there was full agreement the center, the joining point of two commercial, Mr. Matthews, a bourne-based investment banking 
hai Cabot Hardfadng Corp. which among the Americans that the so- fans — °n e fan sweeping out to the country lad who started out as an and stockbroking group, has ap- 

hai Cabot Hardfadng Corp. which among the Americans that the so- fans — one fan sweeping out to the country lad who started out as an 

makes hardfadng alloy powder, dal scene in Shanghai could only outside world, the other sweeping auctionneer clerk, says his branded 

and Shanghai International Con- be called boring. The closest thing in to C hin a." poultry products are “bootifuJ” in 

struction Administration Corp. to a den of iniquity that now exists. That could be harder than Mr. a heavy "Norfolk accent. 

The list sounds impressive but they said, is the bar at the Peace Xia supposes. Government leaders In the Netherlands. Anton 
the total investment of the 14 joint Hotel winch features a Chinese and many common people are al- Dreesman, chief executive of Ven- 
ven turcs comes to only $58.6 mil- jazz band playing American hit ready distressed by the degree of dex International NV, the large 
lion. tunes of the 1930’s — when Noel corruption and pornography and Dutch retail and services group. 

There are, of course, many Japa- Coward lived in the hotel, where he “spiritual pollution” that appear lo was the first Dutch chief executive 
nese. West German, Dutch and completed the draft of his play, have blown in through the Open to get on television to sell Express 

other enterprises here as welt The “Private Lives." 

Parcel Systems. 

and stockbroking group, has ap- 
pointed Els Termaat to the new 
post of economist, based in Lon- 
don. Among her duties, she will 
advise Holst clients in Britain, Eu- 
rope and North America on devel- 
opments in the Australian econo-, 
my. Before joining Holst, she had 
been with Rabobank Nederland.- 
and before that, with the Austra- 
lian Treasury in Canberra. 

I? Monm 
HWiLm Slock 

Sales In 

Ol*. Ytd- W0l HWl Low 3 P.M. I 

1J Month 
High Low Slock 

Sales In 

Dtv. YkL HUS Htl 


Low 3 PAL Cn oe 

-Q Month 
High Low Slock 

14 1 SvmbT 

14to Syniecti 

54* 7'f> Smirex 
18% life Svscan 
7U 3W Svstln 
1144 SvslnSo 

25V2 IM Svstmr 

Soles w Net 

Din. YUt 100s High Low 3 PM ChUc 

39 B4i 8V, BVj — 34 

123 ll 1 * UK’* 105*— 

70 3W 3* 3V* 

J8 U 1 17Vi 17Va 17Vi 
o2 5*. 5Vj 5V2 

781 104k 10 UW. + Vi 

I* A 374 23 224* 2244-4* 

Compiled hy Our Staff From Dispatcha 

NEW YORK — Loews Corp. a diversified 
U.S. company whose interests include movie 
theaters, said Tuesday in a filing with the Secu- 
rities and Exchange Commission that it has 
raised its stake in CBS Inc. to 1 1.1 percent from 
9.9 percent 

It bought 305,200 shares of CBS common 
stock from Sept 24 through Sept. 26 at prices 
ranging from $107.75 to SI 12.12* a share. The 
purchases lifted its stake in CBS to nearly 2.6 
million shares, 

CBS said it has no reason to question Loews’s 
statement that ihe purchases are purely for 
investment purposes. iAP, UPI). 

* Page 20 



I nr 








afparently TRUE' 

reasonably false.' 



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1 Tree at 

6 Thug 

18 Midwestern 
campus site 
'• 14 Pond growth 

1 15 Jai 

16 Reputation 
. 17 Carson sub 
. 19 Horror-film 
, role 

- 28 Forever 


21 Curlicue, in 

22 Well mannered 

24 Compliments 

26 Mining troughs 

27 Noted 

31 Nautical 

* 32 Farmer 

energy org. 

33 Rowan 

36 Latin leader 

37 Oblique 

* 41 Bishop's 

'■ jurisdiction 

42 Fla. bird 

43 Azimuth 

.. 44 Almost always 
» 46 Popular comic 
50 Foreign 

53 Sen. Cranston 

54 Paucity 

55 Compass pt. 

56 Dull 

60 Film director 

61 FUmdom’s 

64 Advantage 

65 View from Abu 

66 Like a King 

67 Pause in the 

63 “Stage 

Ginger Rogers 

68 Anthony and 

1 Low, in Letin 

2 N.C. college 


4 Party snacks 

5 “And Z Love 



6 Ariz. border 

7 A first name in 

S Boat “power” 

9 Remove from 

19 Compound 
used in 

11 Enchantment 

12 Chew the 

13 Ancient 

18 “Tell the 


23 Yes, to Pierre 

25 P.M. periods 

26 Dele's 

27 Yugoslav coin 

28 Like Steven? 

29 Judd Hirscb 
series on TV 

39 John 


33 Concerning 

34 Try to find 

35 Female 

38 End of a poker 

39 These may be 

49 Picasso’s 

“ Maar 


45 Held lovingly 

46 Forgive's 

47 Rover's scrap 

48 Bacon serving 

49 Like the sky 
over Paris, at 

59 Goof-off 

51 Union general 

52 Hunger pains 

55 Town on the 


57 Hard to come 

58 Related 

59 Symbols of 

62 Any Venetian 

63 Pawnee's 




ME | 






.Dai g,«mJiMhciIpacTO 


r WE &C 



© New York Times, uEled by J&igene Maleaka. 




I >- ■ j c-ii -7 

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0 by Hflmi Arnold and Bob Ln 


Unscramble these four Junbkn, 
one tetter to each square, to toon 
four onSnary words. 


9 TAP/ 

i rAP l 

§ TAP \ 
5 TAP, k 
14 TA*V^ 


\%W Stock Markets 

Via Agence France-Presse Oct. 1 

CUaing prices in local currencies unless othencise indicated. 

Now arrange the circled letters to 
form the surprise answer, as sug- 
gested by the abovs cartoon. 

Print answer here: 

- Yesterday's 

(Answers tomorrow) 

Answer, wtiai a chip on the shoulder usually Is— 































































































s 1 































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Pres Stevn 


sa Bm 

St Helena 

West Hotauw 

composite Stock | 
Previous : 110*40 

at*. i>m 
3450 3*50 
3*00 28W 
5*0 510 

TISO 3300 
1100 1130 
4000 4135 
3000 3000 
755 760 

3150 3235 

BBS no 

7 £00 7400 


STC 84 

Sid ChorlerwJ 430 

Sun Alliance *» 

Tare and LrCe <38 

Tnoo 2S0 

Thom EMI 34* 

T.I. Grow 90S 

Trafalgar Hie 350 

THF 12® 

Ultramar 200 

Unilever r 10 >1/3? 

Untied Biscuits 177 

Vickers 298 

wool worth «0O 

P.T.3S Index : 10O4JO 
Previous : 99040 
F.T-S-E.I00 index : 129UM 
Previous : T29L90 








































Arbed l&X- tsoO 

Bekaort 4700 «bo 

Cackerlli 207 207 

Catoosa KB sssffl 

E8ES lias HOC 

GD-lnmM9M ,140 4145 

GBL 3085 2005 

Gevoers 4250 4300 

Hatooken SZJO 52M 

Inlerown 3,10 2«o 

KradMtaank 8*M nm 

Petrol Ina 4300 4300 

Sac General* 1030 1950 

Safina 9580 76M 

Solway 5450 5368 

Traction Elec 045 40ID 

UCB 5230 530 

Unera 1800 IK 

Viellie Mantoone 8370 840 

Current stock Index ; 3CTJI 
Pravtau* ; *479,54 

Bk East Asia 
Cheuno Kano 
China Light 
Green island 
Hong Seng Bank 


China Gas 
HK Electric 
HK Really A 

HK Hotels 
HK Land 
HK Shone Bank 
HK Telegnane 
HK vaumahri 
mk Wharf 
Hutch Whampoa 
mn Ciiv 
JortMna Sec 
Kowloon Motor 
Miramar Hotel 
New World 

SHK Proas 

Swire Pacific A 
Tal Cheung 
wah Kwane 
Wing On Co 
World lull 

HangMn Index : 

Previous : 1511 jo 

n 3050 

17.10 1720 
1S38 TS.m 
805 SOS 

40 4050 
*.» 1125 

10.10 9 as 
!os 7as 

1030 1030 
34 3175 

4.10 4.10 

4*0 455 

■JO 440 
125 110 

450 445 

25 24.90 
057 040 

035 OJM 
113* 11.10 
1130 1120 
925 920 

39 39 

.iS iS 

154 184 

087 084 

ITS 140 
450 450 

2 1.94 

Cold storage 

Fraser Naave 

Haw Par 


Mol Banking 




Si me Darby 
S' Pore Loud 
S'Poro Press 
S Steamship 

St Trading 

united Overseas 

Straits Times im I 
Previous : 77AM 

3 104 

555 530 
t 4 
119 117 
117 132 

5.70 5J0 

BJO K40 
179 NJQ. 
NjO. — 

157 184 

150 150 

137 257 

- 4 4 

854 NJO. 
352 3 

1-78 177 

158 350 



Alta Laval 



Atlas COPea 










AffaersvaarMon ■ 
PrevkuM : 38158 

130 130 

203 205 

290 2*5 

402 408 

130 179 

144 144 

TT7 218 

na — 

177 177 

147 148 

430 NJQ. 
498 480 

93 9350 
237 N.Q. 
»1 202 
220 217 


Marks and Sp 
M elal Bos 
Midland Bank 
Nat West Bank 
ftacal Elect 
Bondi ontem 

Club Med 
Du me; 
Europe 1 
Gen Eoux 
Lafarge Cos 
Leg rand 


ro real 



Meet Hennessv 



Pernaa Rlc 




Romani Uclot 


ACI 2. 


BHP 8. 

Baral 1 

Bougainville 1. 

Colas 4. 

ComalCQ I. 

CRA i 

C5R X 

Dun loo 2. 

Eldars Ixl 

■ Cl Australia 1 

Magellan 1 

MIM 1 

Mvor X 

Nat Aust Bank 4. 

News Carp 7. 

N Broken HTU 1 

Poseidon X 

Old Cow Trust 1. 

Santas 5- 

Thomas Nation 1 

Western Mining X 

Westpag Banking X 

Woods! do 1. 


By Rudolph ChehninskL 276 pages. SJ5.95. 
William Morrow, 105 Madison Avenue, 
Mew York, M. Y. 10016. 

Reviewed by Charles Monaghan 

S INCE I have a few bones to pick with 
Rudolph Chelminski's The French at Ta- 
ble," let roe say straight off that it is a witty and 
wise book that will be read with pleasure Tor 
decades to come by Francophiles and food 
buffs. The author, a Harvard graduate now in 
his m : * e <\ w*"* to France to study and has 
spent aunt oi ui» uic there. 

Chelminski’s thesis is that “the French know 
bow to eat better than any people on Earth.'' 
He strives to prove it with two chapters on the 
history of French cuisine, followed by profiles 
of leading 20th-century chefs: Fernand Point, 
Andrt Pic. Alexandre Dumaine, Paul Bocuse, 
Pierre Troisgros, Michd Guerard, Georges 
Blanc, Bernard Loiseao and Gaston Lenders. 
He closes with a lovely chapter on France’s 
women chefs, from the celebrated “mothers” 
of Burgundian cooking to the Parisian stars 
Dominique Nahroias of Olympe and Chris- 
tiane Massia of Le Restaurant du Marchfe. 

While filled with facts, these portraits are 
little more than panegyrics. Chdminski writes 
in what historians call the celebratfomst vein. 
The profiles are not a whit less readable or 
funny for this failing, but Chdmmski never 
really proves his assertion that the French eat 
better than other people. 

In fact, the thesis has little to do with the 
profiles that are at the heart of the book. If he 
bad gone further in attempting to prove it, 
Chdminski would have made this a better 
work. For instance, one key to the quality of 
French cooking is surely the high level of the 
products. Chelminski gives a charming picture 
of Bocuse doing his marketing but devotes no 
space to the producers. 

Like so many writers on contemporary 
cooking, rhelminnfo' uses nouvefle cuisine as a 
whipping boy, referring to it con temp tuou^y 
as “nouvelle kiwisme.*' The idea that the inno- 
cent little New Zealand fruit with its tasty 
green interior should have become a symbol of 
evil is beyond me. Chelminski is worshipful 
about the chefs who made the kiwi popular 
why his petulance about the thing itself? He is 
at his most fascinating when examining the 
nitty-gritty of nouvelle cooking procedure; his 
profile of the radical Bernard Loiseau of Sau- 

Sohition to Previous Puzzle 

GEO DU 311313 SQOO 
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DEOCJ 0333 33303 
DD3D 3303 33DQ3 
BEQE Q3QO 33333 

lieu in Burgundy, inventor of cuisine a ret nr— 
using -water in preference to alcohol to deglate 
pans, for sauces — ij one of his best pieces. 

StiU, anyone interested in the worid of food 
will have a jolly time reading this book. Chet- 
minski writes with Han and teUs very funny 
stories. For instance: Abb6 Baroillet, a Bur- 
gundian priest with a crimson nose, w as a 
regular at the three-star Restaurant Troisgtps 
and shared many a glass with Troisgros 
When old Troisgros died, his friend Abbi Bqr- 
oillet said the funeral mass. At the solemn 
moment when the wine was to be transfonpal 
" into the blood of Christ, the abbe raised fcus 
chalice, looked at the brothers Troisgros and 
said: “It’s a small aligptL from the Cmin vine- 
yard.” The story is apocryphaL Tm sure, bat in 
the worid of food and dnnk that Chdminski 
creates, it should be true. 

— > 

Charles Monaghan writes about food, wipe, 
restaurants and trend. He wrote this review' for 
The Washington Post. 


The New York "Hums 

Thu in* is bwed an tnorti from mm than iOOO&oofciwna 

mi' ■ • - • tot m 

«Rt *U 

1 LAKE WOBEGON DAYS, by Garrison 

krillof — ... - — I s 

2 LUCKY, by Jackie Coffins — 2 ,6 

3 SKELETON CREW, by Stephen Kina _ 4 15 


Tyler JO 2 


rence Sands* — - I '6 II 


Domimck Duane — — 5 \ 7 


Tom Clancy ... — 3 28 

8 LONESOME DOVE, by Lany McMomy 7 ' 14 

9 A MAGGOT, by Win Fowki — 9 3 

10 TOO MUCH. TOO SOON, by Jaoquefae - . 

• Bridria - 13 ' 6 


living — 5 ,19 


Sheldon ' - 11 

13 JUBAL SACKETT. by Lotas L* Amour _ IS ' 49 

14 AFTER THE REUNION, by Rooa JofTc 14 -2 

15 THE RED FOX. by Anthony Hyde — I 


1 H.VIS AND ME. by Pnsdlla Bean&eu 

Presley with Sandra Hannon ' - • 3. 2 


NffltfjJBC ^ _ _ M 4 | 

3 YEAGER: An Autobiography, by Chuck 

Yeager an) Leo Janos J- 12 

4 lOGOCCAtAaAauririography.byLeela- 

oocen with WiBim Novik 2*48 

s a passion for excellence, by . ‘ 

Ton Petca and Nancy Anson 4 21 

6 LAST WISH, by Betty Roflin — ' 1 


by Cormc& Cowtn and Mcivya Kinder 5.26 


pelio Sa&O: by Stenhen Davit — I«'l 

9 TOE AMATEURS by David Halbcraum 9»‘7 

JO COMMON GROUND, by J. Anthony Lb- 

11 THEMICK. byMickcy Mamkmih H^ib 

Gfock 10- > 

12 RE-INVENTING THE CORPORA- John Nauobut'xnd Patricia Abur- - *, 

• dene — ■ , ■ l.- ... 14% 2 

13 JAGUAR WOMAN, by LynaS Andrews — % 1. 

14 FUNNY MONEY, by Mark Singe* — J2'.8 

15 FINAL CUT. by Steven Bach II*. 4 


1 FIT FOR LIFE, by Harney Diamond and > 

Marilyn Diamond ; 2 *6' 


DIET, by Snart M. Bemcr ^ I >6 



4 THE FRUGAL GOURMET, by -Jeff '. *Y 

Stoia i__ : ; —.2* 


Robin Norwood : ,4.- 7, 

By Alan Tiuscott 

■ESTABLISHED partner- 

because they have worked on 
their methods and have many 
natural agreements, about the 
strength of various bids and 
whether or not they are forc- 

Bui one common source or 
disagreement concerns the re- 
sponse to a weak two-bid. 
Should a new suit be forcing? 
Two decades ago the experts 
were equally divided on this 
point, but a recent Bridge 
World poll shows that the forc- 
ing treatment is favored by 
more than two to one. 

On the diagramed deal. 


North would have been horri- 
fied if his partner had passed 
his two-spade response: But 
they were on die same wave- 
length and North was natural- 
ly excited by his partner's 
three-club bid. His five no- 
trump was a grand slam force,- 
asking for two of the top three 
•4'ib t’ftnotS. 

Seven clubs was duly 
reached. West led the heart 
ace, resigned to finding a void 
in the dummy. After the ex- 
pected ruff. South set about 
establishing the dummy. He 
cashed the diamond ace, 
ruffed a diamond low, and led 
the spade jack to dummy's 
king.- The spade ace followed, 
and the third round of spades' 

was raffed high. Tnnqjs>we 
drawn to bring home the gr^jd 
slam; . 

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250 2J0 

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7 JO 750 
250 145 

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153 153 

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259 U8 
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S.I0 5.10 

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Page 21 

< ■*-.% 

ere JFwis 20th Game of Year 


••'■ The Associated Press 

r ' KANSAS 'CITY, Missouri 

patting Doug DcCSi^^bring 
up Reggie Jackson with two out in 
,.«!* mnw mmng was not exactly 
. Bret Saberbagen’s plan of attack. 
■Striking out on three straight pftch- 
; « didn’t figure in Jackson’s plans, 

,* '■ But those were the final two vi- 
gheties in a high-tension • d rama 


here Monday nigh 
sas City Royals 

it that-saw .ihe 

—j > end an un time- 

losing skid by beat- 
ing California. 3-1. and pub back 
into a tie for first place with the 
Angels in the. American League’s 
Western Division, 

"Reggie made it kind of exerting 

Niekro Denied No. 300 


f r*'- 

r . ."i 
5 • a 

f ■-•JVV- 




f; . 




' '< 

Aw 1 : 


The Associated Press 

„ .NEW YORK — Pitcher Phil 
Niekro could only sigh with weary 
relief after one of the toughest days 
of his 46 years. 

_ Niekro. who speni the early part 
..of the day at the bedside of his 
ailing fattier in West Vi rg ini a 
faded Monday night for the fourth 
time to become the 18 th pitcher in 
major-league history to .win 300 
' g a m es. The Yankee knackleballer 
Jeft with two out in the eighth and 
the Baltimore Orioles leading, 4-2. 
. ' But Don Mattingly's two-run 
. homer in the ninth tied the game, 
and minutes later Don Baylor’ssin- 
ije drove in Dave Winfield with the 
tinning run in New York's 5-4 

It was the fifth straight victory 
for the Yankees, who moved to 
within five games of idle Toronto, 
the leaders in American League’s 
Easton Division. The Blue Jays’ 
magjc number for clinching the d- 
tle remained at three games. 

“That should give. Toronto 
something to think about,” said the 
haggard Niekro. “We won the baD- 
g ft me . If we’d lost, it would have 
been tough." : 

Niekro, who arrived at Yankee 
'Stadium three hoars before the 
.game began, said, “I called Billy 
[Manager Billy MartinJ this morn- 
ing and said I would be there to 
pitch and I would bring my shoes.” 

Niekro’s day started at his parents’ 
home in Lanring^ Ohio. Later, he 
and his brother Joe, also a. Yankee 
pitcher, visited the Wheeling. West 
Virginia, hospital where-; their 72- 
year-old father is seriously ill with 
internal bleeding. The- brothers 
that drove to Pittsburgh, where 
they caught a flight bade to New 
York.. \-..f 

Niekro threw 161 pitches as he 
battled Baltimore's ■ Mike Flana- 
gan, who had beaten the Yankees 
seven straight tizzies since Aug. 15. 
1980, and harthd only Oriole vic- 
tory in 13 games rbic wwjm against 
New York. - V-' : ’ . 

With the scene tied 2-2 in the 
seventh, Niekro walked Cal Ripken 
with one out and Eddie Murray 
followed with-' a single that sent 
Ripken to third, Fred Lynn then 
grounded a go-ahead single 
through .the hole .at shortstop. 
Wayne-Gross made it 4-2 in the 
eighth with his J ltb homer. Manag- 
er Billy Martin pulled Niekro with 
two outs ami the bases loaded; Neil 
AHen came on to strike out Eddie 

Niekro, who gave up 12 hits and 
walked six.iwan his 299th game on 
Sept. 8 against Oakland Sin« 
then, he has losi to Toronto, and 
twice to Detroit before Monday’s 
no-decision. He is scheduled to get 
one more 1 985 start in ihe sea- 
son finale Sunday in Toronto. 


PH Niekro in Monday rigbfs 9eoood%nmg at Ya 

there at the end, didn't he?” Saber- 
hageri said with a smile. Becoming 
the fifth-youn^est pitcher ever to 
win 20 games m a season, the 21- 
year-old right-hander made the 
California slugger his 10th strike- 
out victim of tie night : 

Jackson, who had driven a Sa- 
berhagen pitch to the warning track 
in right Odd his previous al-bai, 
did not take a swing. “The first two 
strikes he threw me were perfect 
pitches,” he said "Hard, live pitch- 
es. I thought the last one might 
have been , a ball, but I don’t get 
involved in those decisions. He was 
pitching as hard in the last inning 
as he was in the fim.” 

Saberhagen (20-6) dueled John 
Candaleria throughout on nearly 
even terms. DeGnces hit a home 
run in the second for a 1-0 lead 
George Brett, apparently shaking 
off a September slump that 
dropped Ms average more than 25 
points, blasted a mammoth fourth- 
inning .shot over the right-field 
fence for a 1-1 tie. In the seventh, 
Jim Sundberg put a Candaleria 
pitch over the wall in dead center 
for a 2-1 lead — which went to 3-1 
in the eighth, when Willie Wilson 
tripled and rode home on Brett’s 
sacrifice fly. 

S and ber g’ s homer set a season 
record of 147 for the Royals, who 
have abandoned the ptmeh-and- 
judy attack that marked their win- 
ning reams of the late 1970s. Brett 
described the clnb’s attitude as "a 
bonfire burning." 

Sabezhagen admitted to having 
had pre-game butterflies. "1 was 
real nervous.” be said His team- 
mates "were saying to me. Don’t 
worry. You’ve got to win this game 
— but don’t wony.* " 

Plenty of voltage remains in 
baseball's closest pennant race. 
Die Angels' play three more with 
the Royals before doting out their 
season with three in Texas. Kansas 
Gty, the only one of the 1984 divi- 
sion champions with a chance to 
repeat, stays home to finish with 

three a gainst O akland. 

Twins 7, White Sox 1: In Minne- 
apolis. Bert Blyleven pitched a five- 
hitter and Kent Hirbek scored the 
go-ahead run in the third when 
Chicago catcher Carlton Fisk 
dropped the ball for an error. Kirby 
Puckett went 4-for-4 and Dave En- 
gle added a three-nm homer in sup- 
port of Blyleven, who struck out 
seven and completed his major- 
league high 23d game of the year. 

With the score tied, 1-1, m the 
third, Hrbek’s smash off Britt 
Burns went for a triple. Shortstop 
Qzae Guillen took the relay and 
threw home in plenty of time to get 
Hrbek,- trying for an inside- the- 
park homer, .but Fisk dropped the 
ball attempting to make the tag. 

Rangers 5, A’s 3: In Arlington. 
Texas, Jeff Russell struck out a 
season-high eight and scattered tix 
hits during his eight innings to lead 
Texas past Oakland 

Padres 6, Dodgers 4: In the Na- 
tional League, in Los Angeles, out- 
fielder Jerry Davis recorded his 
first game-winning RBI in the ma- 
jor leagues when he tingled home 
Miguel DO one from second base 
with the tie-breaking run in the 
ninth. With the loss, the Dodgers* 
magic number for clinching the 
Western Division pennant re- 
mained at two. 

Two Late Bloomers Coming Into Flower 

‘Kind of seating there at the end ’ 

Gusts 4, Reds 3: In San Francis- 
co, Dan Gladden's two-out ninth- 
inning RBI single off reKever Ted 
Power gave the Giants their deed- 
sion over QflQ flMtL 

Mario Soto, making his first ap- 
pearance since SepL 13 because of 
injuries, allowed only three hits and 
struck out 14 in seven innings, but 
the Reds got only three hits of their 
own «nH faded to gain ground on 
Los Angeles. San Francisco ended 
a five-game losing skid. 

Braves 6, Astros 3: In Houston, 
Dale Murphy’s 1 Itb-imring single 
drove in the go-ahead run and 
Gauded Washington added a two- 
run homer to seal Atlanta’s victory. 

Pinch-hitter Tory Harper start- 
ed the inning with a double off 
Frank DiPino, and scored on Mur- 
phy’s blooper to left field. One out 
later, Washington hit his 15 th 
homer of the season. Houston 
starter Nolan Ryan struck oat five 
batters in his seven inning s, giving 
him a total of 201 for the year. 
Ryan has struck oat 200 or more 
batters in 10 different seasons. 

Internationa] Herald Tn butte 

LONDON — Nothing is lost until the final 
whistle, no summer given up before the falL 

There is time, even within a sporting lifespan, 
for the latecomer. .And as we Europeans feet the 
warmth of our Indian summer, two soccer ca- 
reers come into overdue bloom. 

Mathias Herget and Peter Barnes were until 
now the game's opposites. The West Goman so 
lacked eye-catching skills that he was sent out to 
train as an engineer; the English boy. a gifted 
son of a gifted father, was ushered toward fame 
before adolescence was through- 

By 25, the sporting prime, Barnes had come 
and gone, and Herget had never arrived. Now 
they are both on the brink of fulfillment, with 
Herget ahead. 

its first major honor as the country's cupboider 
in the spring and now into Europe. He has also 
just scored the splendid goal that assures West 
Germany’s place at the World Cup. Nearing 30, 
be is the 16th candidate as sweeper to replace 
Franz Beckenbauer. 

Barnes, a year younger, is becoming a born- 
again star. In his youth be played to crowds of 
40,000, gathered England caps by the handful 
and was sold and resold for mini ons. 

But, either mistrusted genius or profligate 
prodigy, he was reduced two years ago to reserve 
soccer in Leeds before an audience (including 
gatemen) of 150. 

By a quirk of fortune, Baines is back, enjoy- 
ing not merely the long promised r enaissan ce of 
English wingplay but a share in Manchester 
United’s record-breaking season. 

Long past that illustrious club's own best. 
United is one game from equaling Tottenham 
Hotspur's 25-year record of 1 1 consecutive vic- 
tories in the F.n giieh League, 

Altogether different stories, Herget and 
Baines. The ugly duckling who toils away until 
&D the swans have been tried and failed, the 
dazzling boy star who became perhaps too 
flashy in an age that placed winning first and 
entertaining nowhere. 

What binds them is sensitivity, something 
that brusque, impatient managers of soccer 
teams simply had no rim<* for. 

Herget had, he admits, taken rejection too 
deeply. "When VFL Bochum decided it was 
over for me in the Bundesliga," be recalls, “it 
took me two years to get over it." 

He was rescued in 1982 by Uerdingen, a club 
itself without a past and no sign of a future. 
Uerdingen was by far the less fancied of two 
dubs under the financial wing of Bayer, the 
pharmaceutical firm. Leverkusen was the fa- 

vored learn- Uerdingen. in the industrial center 
of Krefeld, was unloved. 

Within a year of tempting Herget to marshal 
its defense, however, Uerdingen was promoted, 
and within another few months Herget. at 27. 
became its first international. 

Jupp Derwall remembered Herget as a former 
amateur international and tried him in five 
matches. But Derwall, too, doubted Herget and 
omitted him from the 1984 European champi- 

"Mathias was almost deiroyed again," says 
the Uerdingen manager. Kalli Feidkamp. “1 
have never seen a player so devastated.” 

Yet he persevered for his club and Becken- 
bauer, no less, replaced Derwall. And Becken- 
bauer understands the sweeper, or libero, as be 
created the role. 

Beckenbauer was also looking for someone to 

Rob Hughes 

take responsibility, someone who had not had 
life's riches thrown at his feci (on which score 
he, as manager, had castigated various West 
German stars in a Playboy article). 

Heiget. dearly no playboy, is as solid as the 
malzbier — the dark, sweet malt beer — with 
which he celebrates the good times. 

He had studied from outside the struggle to 
find Beckenbauer's successor since 1977. He 
grew to cherish the opportunity, to read the 
complex role of being the last line in defense yet 
conjuring time and room to create, even to 

In Prague, where West Germany won, 5-1, 
Herget struck a free kick into the net from 20 
yards with the assurance of — well, guess who? 

In Stockholm last Wedensday he was more 
spectacular. Pierre Littbarski, the little Cologne 
winger, leased the Swedish defense and, when 
he was ready to part with the ball, Herget was 
ready too. 

By exemplary timing he had run unseen into 
position, and when he struck his shot from the 
edge of the penalty area it whistled deanly into 
Sweden’s goal. As economical, as chnical 
as . . . you know who. 

"I make no comparisons," Herget insists. "A 
Franz Beckenbauer happens every 100 years. 
What he has is God-given talent and cannot be 
learned. I play to the best of my ability and 
every international demands my full concentra- 

We don't know whether, alone with his video, 
Herget is yet becoming a believer of dreams. We 
do know that Barnes believes in them, because 

his play has always been dreamlike or dismal, 
with little in between. 

That, in the days of Stanley Matthews and 
Ganincha. was the winger’s prerogative. 1 recol- 
lect Barnes himself pleading for understanding: 
“The most exciting sight in soccer is a winger 
takin g on a fullback, a winger who can win a 
match in the twinkle of an eye." he said. "But 
few managers seem willing to risk wingers, un- 
less they’re the sort who dash back all the time 
to defend." 

Barnes was then estranged in the Leeds re- 
serves. He lived in the same tillage as bis manag- 
er. Allan Garke. but spoke a different language. 
He had been sold by Manchester City, his fa- 
ther's club, for £650,000 in 1979 (then about 
$1.33 million), sold again by West Bromwich 
Albion to Leeds for £930.000 and shipped out 
by Leeds for one unsuccessful season with Real 
Beiis of Seville for £1 14.000. 

A distant voice, a former manager at West 
Brom, lamented Leeds’s attempts to convert a 
natural winger into an all-purpose shuttle be- 
tween attack and defense. "I'm a fan of Peter," 
said Ron Atkinson, "but he’s a nuisance, a 
hindrance to his own defenders. People com- 
plain about what he can’t do rather than credit 
what he’s good at — attacking defenders-” 

Atkinson, now manager at Manchester Unit- 
ed, needed to put relatively little money where 
his mouth is to prove the point. This summer he 
paid Coventry City, Barnes’s fifth club, a mere 

Barnes had only weeks to wail for injury to 
befall Jesper Olsen; be stepped into his boots 
and took wing. 

The night Herget was scoring in Stockholm, 
Barnes struck his third goal in six games, prov- 
ing utterly blind to the obvious pass and sneak- 
ing his shot inside the goalkeeper's near posL 

Among the crowd sat Ron Greenwood, En- 
gland's manager at the time Barnes's career 
nosedived. Greenwood is no longer in charge, 
but agreed here was a talent which, if sustained, 
might prove irresistible at a Mexican World 

There are ahead of Barnes two men — the 
Nigerian-born John Barnes and Chris Waddle 
— neither of whom is utterly convincing or 
certain of a place. 

Who knows? Eight months from now, if En- 
gland and West Germany meet in Mexico, we 
may see Herget dashing over to race Barnes for 
the latecomer's balL Only time would tell 
whether the winner would be the man who 
waited an age to get there, or the opponent who 
came up too soon. 


Mahaffey Winner in U.S Golf Playoff 

SAN ANTONIO, Texas (AP) — John Mahaffey beat Jodie Mudd on 
the second hole of a sudden-death playoff here Monday to win the storm- 
delayed Texas Open golf tournament. 

Mahaffey birdied three of the final four regulation boles while Mudd 
bogeyed the 15th, giving Mahaffey a 4-shot swing. Each finished at 12- 
under 268, Mahaffey closing with a 67 and Mudd a 71. Mark Hayes (a 
final-round 69) and Mark O'Meara (a 67) shared third place at 271. 

Mahaffey and Mudd both parted the first playoff hole. On the second, 
a par-3, Mahaffey hit to within 20 feet of the pin. Mudd damped his tee 
shot into a bunker; he failed to get out withJns firstshot, blew the second 
15 feet beyond the cop and missed the pm.L Mahaffey two-potted for the 
eighth victory of his 15-year PGA career. 

WTA to Get a New Executive Director 

MIAMI (AP) — Merrett Stierheim, who resigned Saturday as the Dade 
County manager, will become the executive director of the Women’s 
Tennis Association in 1986, it was announced Monday. Stierheim, 52, 
will succeed Jerry Diamond, who has held the post since 1974; Diamond 
resigned earlier this year, effective next January. 

An organization of more than 300 professional players, the WTA 
coordinates a series of events whose 1985 prize money totals $14 million. 


• Quarterback Joe TheLsmann of the 1-3 Washington Redskins: “May- 
be we're not as good as everybody says we think we are." (AP) 

The Anooofed ftwj 

LOWERING THE BOOMER — Keith Willis led a sack of Boomer Esiason in Monday 
night’s opening period, but the Cincinnati quarterback threw for three touchdowns and 
picked apart Pittsburgh's National Football League-leading defense to rally the Bengals 
to a 37-24 victory, their first of the season. Esiason was 19-of-27 passing for 184 yards. 




\\ is 1 

■7 T 


Major League Standings Monday’s Major League line Scores 

East DWWW 

- . 




- GB 



5 T 

. +32 

— ‘ 

. Now York 




5 • 











' Boston 

. 79 




V Wlwoukee 

. - .67 









west Division 

. . brnto^.lo 




Kansas CITv 

... S7 



— • 

’ , Cltlcoao 

: 8T 




. Oakland 





. Minnesota 





' .Stattto 





‘ .Texas 





East Division 

' ' - 



PC*. GB 

‘,SL Loub 



-628 — 

New York 



-609 . 3 




523 16Vs 




Ml 23 Vr 




Ml 26 




■346 431b 

r . west Dfyutoa 

. Los Angelas 



590 — 




555 SYS 

. . Son Dleso 



513 12 ■ 




580 U. 




■410 28 

.San Francisco 



JC 32 . 


, Tor Antrim mat earnings In n* -Texas 
fl Open tu ei — mm. wMcE «M Monday oa 
\*lie 657+vord. pot- 70 Oak Hills Coantry CM 

,d - 

wr n in Son An to n io C n won 

John Mataffey-x, *634)00 
Jodo Mudd, *37500 
. jMart OTMeara. £20300 
.;Mork Havas. *20500 
_-!im Colbert. SUMO 
. .Andy MaeeerSWtt 
‘ Jtave Jones. 512,162 
.*!£. Snead. SMOO 
Lannv wocfltlm. smoo 
G ary icoen . smoo 
.. Tim RH* SMOO 
Tim Norris. 57,700 

.-Ken Brown. £7,700 
Chris Parry. SAKS- 
Cberte* BeHlna SLT2S 
r . Mito 5uinwan. 14,735 ; 

„• Pooiov, «.!» 

Way rut Grady, SL2W 
■ Damir Edwards, .34360 
Donato Hammond. M2aO 
: -Georo* Arcnar, SOM 

; . -jLarrv Mhn, SUU 
VTonv sms, 543*0 
Jim Tiiorpe, 5040- 

Bob Lohr, mjwi 
M ike Nfcotette. SUSS 
Ed Fieri,' SL8H' 

Howard Twtttr, JZ327 
Fred Comte, 5Z327 
Nfc* Price: smr. 

Ron Strecfc pj» . 

Bon CrwntKMb «J37 
JIM RuHodoo, *SMt ■■ ■ 

.Larry Ztaghr.iun 
Joe Inman. SUM 

Peter Oostertiote. SUN 


69- 6M7-t*-£n 

46- 47-4*4*— n. 

73 46«6-M-g73 
71-7W7-M— 373 
4M4-71 -48—273 
7V20-CT-6*— 274 
4S-7TMV-4*— 276 
706 0 WOT 276 

71- 7W7-40— 277 

70- 67-47.73—277 

70- 67-73-6&— 278 
44-TW9-70— 278 

72- 71*64-4*— ZT8 

4*4*72-6* -779 

47- 7+21-71—280 
106 * 71 - 70 — S 8 C 
4 * 71 - 46 - 72—216 

. 7+6*45-73—081. 


47 -n -n-n— 381 . 

71- 77-47-75— 3B2 

72- 706+72—382 

CHHornto ' ' «lt 8M.MO-1 * • 

-Kara Ctt* "- 460 TOT 11* — 1 7 • 

QaKtetaria,Ctnwm ia) and Boone: Saber- 
booon and Sandbero W— Sabertmoon, 206. 
- L— Candelaria, 6-3. HR* — California, De- 
Clncos (m. Kansas aty.Brett (26).Stmdbora 


CMcasa - Oil «M 888-4 I 5 .1 

.Minnesota- . ltllHIIMn 1 

Born* Ssdllner. 16). Jonas (7). 'Correa (8) 
and Ftofc, Skinner (•>: Bryteven and Ena la. 
.Reed (71- W— Btvteven. 1+14. L.— Burins 1+11. 
H R—Minnasota. Enate (7). 

. Bant more . .. mri ow no— 4 12 0 

Hew Yack 060 111 KO-6 110 

. Ftonaean. Aom |B). Stewart 191 and Damp- 
jev; Niekro, Allen (8) and Wyneaar, Haney 
. nil, W— Alton. 1-8. L An sa. +6. HIH Bo m 
more. Gross 111 ). New YorR, Baylor <23),5»al- 
tfcialY (Ml. ' • 

Oakland 106 ra> 000-3 • 1 

Tent 001 in ssx—5 t . • 

Conroy. Onttveras (7). Hawaii (8) anflTetf- 
teten: Russell. Henry m end SlouoftL W— 
Russel L +6. L — Hawaii. +7. HRs— Taxes. 
StousM (8), Jonas «5). 


aneteoati * . . on oao 010—3 3 1 

Son Frondseo 000 000 211—1 8 2 

Soto, Power (*) and Dlav Blue, wnnams 
(6).GarraitElV) and Mokes. W— Garrelts.96. 
L — Power. 76, HRs — Cincinnati- Esoskv (20). 
E. Davis «). San Froncbco, Nokes (2). 
Atlanta 000 120 100 03-6 IS I 

Houston 300 060 MO 00-4 8 1 

Perez, Garber (8), Camp (10) ana Corona, 
Owen («; Ryan, Oawley (U.Smitti (9), D4* 
Pina (11) and Boltov. W— Camp, 46 L*-DL 
Pfno>->7. HR— Attonta, WaUilnarton (IS). 
San Dteao CM W0 023—6 y o 

Loa A nge l as 011 100 8M— I f .2 

HOVT, Gossoee (O) and Bocfty; Vaienxweta, 
Howell (0) and Sctescla.w— Gessoee. +1 l— 
HoweiL +7. HR— Las Angelas. Monboll (26). 



--MINNESOTA— Added Mlk* Hart. outfleU* 
mpIMMr; Houston Jlminaz.shortstae. and 
. Sftm Hofane* first booemav ta Toledo of the 
International League. 

PITTSBURGH— Exeretead a r en ewol op- 
tion on the eo n troe t Of Bill Almorv InRolder- 
out fl cider. for 1906 and extended ihe contract 

throueb 1W. 


. MpNomU BasfeotbaB AsseCMfen ' 

ATLANTA— SJonea Jon Koncok. center, ta 
a muUiyear xontract. 

INDIANA— Reached a verbal agreement 
■wim Wwmon nutate, forward. 

■ MILWAUKEE— Stoned -Sow Warrick, 

NEW JERSEY— Wdiwed. George Almones 
ana Butch Groves, auona* 

- kew YORK— Stoned BW CortwrtoM, c«v 
fer-forwond, to a mutttvear controd. 

SEATTLE— Released Rock Ley, center. 


Nattaea) Football Uayae - 
1NDIANAPOLI5— Activated Leonard Coto- 
man, comerbqck. Waived George Rada* 
chowsky. detenstve bock. 

l—A. RAIDERS— Acquired Jerry RoWnson. 
anOocfcer.frum PTMlodelpmo for a Wttdrofl 

: N.Y. GIANTS— Ptoeed B0I Currier, safety, 
on Infured reserve. 

SAM DIBGO— Stoned Gary Anderson, run*' 
nMa back, to a tour-rear contract, and Babe- 
LoBfenberg, quarterback. 

SAN FRANCISCO-PtaaedMehael Carter, 
flbse lock to, on inlurtdrasarv*. Stoned Scott 
Cornett, nose tackles 


N.Y. ISLANDERS— Released Dave Ron- 
denan <md Morey Gore, right wlng& and l van 
joiy, ten wine. Returned Kurt Lochener. Rod 
JnWnvev Tom warden and Brad Lmter, rlaht 
wines; Kevin Herom left yrinai Mike Murray 
and Rich Wtest, centers, and Jeff Fir toy. d+ 
fenseman. Is Ihelr mlhon-league teams. Sent 
Chris Vickers, detensemorv to Ottawa erf the 
Omc^to Hocxev League ondMIke Value, goal- 
tender, to Kltcnenar ot Ibe OHI_ 

N.Y. RANGERS— Sent Andre Doreand Jim 
Andonoff, defensemen; Mike Ualsdeil, Jar 
CouftoKL Gordy Walker ond R an dy Heath, 
forwards, and Marc Prouix. goal lender, to 
New Haven ot the American Hockey Leoeue. 

Sent Sieve Nemeth, center, ta Lett* r idge of 
the Western Hockey League. Sent Stoutxme 
Brauctsi. detenseman, to Quebec of the Qu+ 
. bee Motor Junior Hodeoy League. 

- PITTSBURGH — Assigned Mitch Lomour- 
. evx. Coiki Chin and Dave Simpson, c enters; 
Bob EireY. Alain Heraux, John Del Cot and 
Gary Rlsi I Eng. left wfm»; Brian Fonfand Jett 
Cooper, ooolte and Chris Dohlqalst end 
Cave Goerts, detanaeoMA. to Bai Hntore of Ihe 
American Hockey League. 

QUEBEC— Suwended Michel GouM, left 
wing, for failure la report ta training camp. 

TORONTO— Released Wav Brimmer, for- 
ward. Assigned Bruce Dowte and Alan Raster, 
900f lenders; Craig Muni, Can Plaile, Garry 
Lariviere, Scott Oements and Bill Root, d+ 
tensernuu Wes Jorwia, Rich Costello and Ke- 
vin Mooulre. centers; Greg Brttz, Leigh Ver- 
stroefe ond Lorry Loidon. right wings, ond 
' Red Schutt and Vai James, left wings, to St. 
Cemorlnes otme American Hockey Leoaue. 

. Returned Jack MoeKefoerv forward, to To- 
ronto of ttw Ontario Hockey League. 



Hefnts assistant basketball coach. 

HARTFORD— Sent Paul Fenton.'. Mike 
Haffrwn'Chrb Bran! and Andy BricMov.tett 
wfogg;. Marty: Howe, John.Mokpsofo Brad 
ShawondMaricPbfonen. defeneemen; Peter 
M dorMeu te oeattewd e ri Oawe Me cL eo n 
andShaaeChurfa^IgM wtaas. and peon Gye- 
soh oridjohn NewtierryVcsnters. teBlteam-' 
. .Ml 'Of thf Amgrlcgn. Hockey League. 


(First Round, second Leg) 

Ban Ik Oslravo 0, Lbtzl (Uaz advances onJ. 
8 agregato) 

NFL Standings 

College Top 20s 

U.S. College Team and Individual Leaders 


Miami (Fla.) 




Cor Yos Yds oa 
119 53 177 

89 128 42.7 

BO 137 *5.7 

25 57 574 


w L T Pet PF 


The toe 20 teams In The Associated Press 
allege football pan (ftrst-gtoce vales Vn pa- 



Ploys Yds Yds og 


Miami (Fla.) 

109 69 1028 3427 
106 63 970 3235 
65 42 646 3234 


3 1 


J50 114 


oa 2+1+18, eta. and last week's rankings): 


162 1158 


Son Jose St. 

187 89 1281 3202 


73 12* 624 

N.Y. Jets 

3 1 


550 91 



Pte Pvs 


272 1581 



94 53 915 3054 


54 127 635 

New Englond 

2 2 


500 70 


1. Iowa (35) 


1,111 3 


244 1567 



115 76 899 299.7 


123 281 704 


1 3 


258 SO 


2. Oklahoma (13) 


1446 2 


241 1539 




138 293 732 


0 4 



J900 46 


3. So. Methodist (6) 

4. Florida 5tate (1) 



1401 6 

928 4 



307 2031 
236 1520 




G Pts Avg 

3 163 545 

Utah State 


150 30* 764 

102 237 794 


2 2 


500 69 


5. Ohio State 


921 5 


141 989 


Air Force 

4 205 514 



2 2 


500 96 


6. Oklahoma Slat (1) 


BSD 7 


247 1468 



2 »1 455 

ah Cp Yds Ydspg 


1 3 


250 129 


7. Michigan (3) 


842 12 


224 1459 



3 128 417 

Western Midi. 

3* 1* 137 *57 


1 3 



5S0 49 


8. LSU 

9. Penn Stale 



670 8 

640 9 


Air Force 

260 1452 
297 1935 



Fresno St. 
Miami (Flo.) 

3 118 395 

3 116 387 

Arizona SI. 
Central Midi. 

48 24 223 745 
30 14 177 885 

Kansas City 

3 1 


J5D 111 


10. Arkansas 


616 10 


152 960 



3 115 3X3 


35 15 196 «84 


2 2 


500 120 


11. Florldo 


561 11 

Washington St. 

378 2348 



4 148 374 

Texas Tech 

71 27 396 99.0 

LA. Raiders 

2 2 


500 96 


12. Alabama 


532 15 

Miami (FiaJ 

223 I486 



3 109 365 

Clem son 

62 29 308 102.7 

San Diego 2 2 0 500 100 

Seattle 2 2 0 500 108 





IX Nebraska 

14. Auburn 

15. Brighton Young 

14. Tennessee 


2- 14 

3- V4 

S2& 16 

482 1 

663 14 




172 926 4610 


Cor Yds Vdspg 
206 1272 4244 

Wisconsin 3 105 354 



Plays Yds Yds pa 

Bov lor 
Kansas St. 

72 33 442 1105 
68 32 350 1167 
20 8 121 1214 

79 40 491 1227 


3 1 


JS0 102 


17. Air Force 


282 1« 


127 771 



203 463 1545 


M.Y. G toms' 

3 1 


J50 84 


IX Georgia 




163 1111 



45 178 1784 

G Pts Avg 

SL Louis 

3 1 


J750 128 


19. Barter 




201 1087 


Central Mich. 

123 402 2014 

Arizona St. 

3 12 44 


1 3 


250 35 


20. Texas 




117 723 


Arizona SI. 

205 702 2344 


3 15 54 


Green Bay 
Tamoa Bay 

1 3 

4 0 

3 I 
3 1 
1 3 

0 4 


0 1JU0 136 69 

0 JS0 fO 71 

0 .750 110 90 

0 .250 74 113 

0 A00 66 119 

l-A. Rams 4 0 0 1,000 89 53 

Hew Orleans 2 2 0 .JOO 90 111 

San Francisco 2 2 0 M 107 74 

Atlanta 0 4 o JOT 77 124 

Monday* Result 
Cincinnati 37. Pittsburgh 24 

Oct ( 

Buffalo at Indianapolis 
Chicago at Tampa Bov 
Detroit at . Green Bay 
New England at Cleveland 
Philadelphia ot New Orleans 
San Frondseo at Atlanta 
Pittsburgh at Miami 
Houston at Denver 
N.Y. Jete at Ondmotl 
Kansas Oty at LA. RaWsrs 
Minnesota 0t LA. Rams 
San Diego at Seattle 
Dallas at M.Y. Giants* 

Oct 7 

St Louis at Washington 

The UPI toe-20 ratings (first-place votes 
and records in wm enmeses; total points, 
bo sed on Upotnts for first p4ocq,M for second, 
etcj and tost week's rankings:) 

1. I own (1*3 (3-0) 591 3 

Z Oklahomo (14) (1-0) 548 2 

L Ohio Slate (1) (3-01 533 4 

6 Florida State (1) (4-0) 473 5 

5. Michigan (51 <H) 448 9 

L Oklahoma state (l) (3d> 3SD 7 

7. Penn Slate (461 325 4 

8. Alabama 14-0) to 

9. Louisiana Stole 04) 254 B 

10. Nebraska (2-1) 244 14 

11. Arkansas (341) m tl 

12. Brigham Young (3-1) 206 i2 

13. Auburn (2-1) 179 1 

16 Tennessee (1) (1-0-1) 128 it 

15. Air Force 14-0) 71 18 

16. Tesas (2-0) 40 19 

17. UCLA (+1-1) 33 11 

Ik. Georgia (3-1) 19 » 

19. Baylor (>1) 15 « 

21 Indiana (34)) , 9 x 


(By agree me nt with the American FeoteaK 
Coaches Asaodat Ion, team; on NCAADrcorv 
terence probation are tneiigiflte tar Icp -20 and 
Currently on Drobatlonare Florida ana Soutn* 
em MeftxxDst! 

Air Farce 






Brlohom Young 

250 1281 321L2 
241 1216 30*0 
163 895 29&J 
141 882 294J) 
172 B43 281 J) 


Att Co Yds YdSPO 
138 86 1117 3723 
170 112 1461 3652 

Memphis SI. 
Ml eM eon 
Oklahoma Si. 
WOke Forest 

248 996 249.0 
191 748 249J 
210 786 262-0 
711 792 264J) 
184 794 364.7 
207 795 765-0 
1«0 806 2*6-7 
251 1096 2740 
262 1108 277.0 





Central Mich. 
Air Force 
Michigan St. 






4 42 105 
3 32 107 
3 33 11J) 

Tennis Leaders 



1. Ivon Lendl, *67,021. Z John McEnroe. 
S822A37. + Mpi» WTtofuter. 8527,337.4, Jimmy 
Connors. S44A436. S, Boris Becker, S34UB3. 6. 
Aftders Jorrvd, S3D&069. 7. Tim Mayotte. 
S28X6B9. B, Staton Edbero. 2277.12. 9. Tomas 
Smki, *26X374. la Joaklm Nystram, 05832* 
Computer Rankings 

1. Ivan LendL 141.21 pel nts.2, Jem McEnroe, 
1 4Z.U. 3, Mats witander, 12076. 4, jimmy Con- 
nors. 10047. 5, AMeta Jorrvd, 6371. 4 Kevin 
Curren, 6U0. 7. Boris Becker Yannick 

NtxA- 5937. 9. Staton Edbero, 5737. Ilk Joaklm 
Nv strom. 49.15. 

Tour Paints 

1 , Jam McEnroe. 3 A 01 . 2 , Ivon Lendl, 23 M. 3 , 
Mats Wilaxter.Z 598 .A Jimmy Cannon. 2 AS 8 . 

5. Baris Becker. 1MQ. 6, YOnmek Noah, 1 J97. 7, 

Stefan Edbora, 1J1 1.8, Anders Jorrvd, 1^60. 9. 
Mi las lav Meelr, 1381. la Tim Mayotte, 1,250. 


E ar n i ng * 

T, Martina Navratilova, *1,12X079. Z Chris 
Evert Llovd. 5774,*»». X Haro Mandlikova 
S509A97. 4,- Helena Sokova 5347,587. 5. Pam 
Shriver. EgljkO. + aoudto Ktoide-Kilsdi, 
MMd . 7. Zina Garrison. S226A9L 8. Katny 
Jordan, SI8U40. 9, Kamv RmaldL 517S4I92. 10, 
Elizabeth Smylle, S3S5475. 

Tow Pwrts 

1, curls Evert Lloyd. 2100. z Martina Navro- 
III ova. 1650. X Pam Snrlver, 1220. A CiotKUa 
Kohd+Kllsch. 1160. 5. Zina Garrison. 1100. 6. 
Hona Manfflucowa, 970. 7. Manaeto Maleeva. 
96S.B. iCattiv RlnaidL 900. 9,Gabrlela ScbatlnL 
895. 10. Helena Sukava 875. 

Yds A vo Yds no 

flanaHian Football Leago 

e Leaders 

Everett. Purdue 
Korselti. Kansas 
Paye, Slarrfd 

1119 74 3734 
148b tl 3715 
1066 75 3554 


Pootowskl. wpg 

60 1046 174 


Tn.Robnsn. Term 

709 LB 35l5 

TD C FG S Pte 

ElDOOrd. Sask 

66 974 144 



1165 73 3415 

Ken nerd. Wpo 

0 35 31 15 143 

Greer, Tar 

53 914 175 


RansdeiL Kv 

937 85 3125 

POSSOBlto, B.C. 

0 35 27 16 132 

Tolbert. Cal 

53 9)0 165 



924 b.1 30LD 

Ruoff. Ham 

0 23 19 18 98 

Elite, Sask. 

81 839 104 



Hoy. Col 

0 15 22 14 95 

Kelly. Edm 

44 750 17.1 


Car Yds Avg Yds w 

Rldgwey. 5osk 

0 20 20 13 93 

Al ridge. Oft 

44 721 1*4 


Jackson. Auburn 

70 575 t! 191.7 

Kurtz. Mil 

0 23 22 3 91 

Sandusky. BC. 

40 714 17.9 


Thomas, OklaSI 

t(U 519 5J> 1734 

Dorsev. OH 

0 19 20 11 90 


Palmer, Temple 

122 674 54 1685 

Dixon. Edm 

0 34 14 10 86 

No Yds Avg. 


Dupori, SMU 

41 313 74 1565 

Ellis. Sask 

13 0 0 0 78 

Clark. Ott 

105 4986 475 


Hilliard. LSU 

M 293 52 1465 

Boyd, Wpg 

ID 0 8 0 60 

Dixon, Edm 

86 4013 467 




ftuoff. Ham 

95 -070 46 J) 



No Yds Avg TD 

Cameron, Wpg 

82 371) 45J 


Att Ce Yds Tito Pts 

Reaves, Wpg 

208 1090 54 8 

Passaglla, B.C 

100 4491 44.9 


Bell. Flo 

79 54 80b 10 1935 

Jenkins. B.C 

163 871 55 6 

rieslc Tor 

107 4611 43.1 


Murray. TexASiM 

5* 35 607 4 1800 

Hoeort, Horn 

74 623 U 5 

McToove, Mtl 

104 4414 424 


KiltB. SMU 

33 21 321 2 1655 

Dunlgan, Edm 

87 595 U 7 

Hov, Cal 

106 4438 41.9 


Long. Iowa 

91 58 741 10 ULB 

Watts, on 

69 438 L6 0 


Narseih, Kansas 

142 93 1384 8 1605 

Wlhan, Mtl 

108 425 3.9 1 

NO Yds AvgTD 


Cowan, Edm 

62 366 5.9 0 

Clash, B.c 

75 000 105 


Gms CtYdsCtpo 

Ellis, Sask 

115 357 3.1 10 

Zeno, Sask 

9 590 114 


Muster. S fan to 

3 35 374 11.7 

GUI, Mil 

69 306 44 3 

Steele, Wpg 

45 423 94 


Bynum, Ore St 

4 36 464 9.0 

Jane*. Edm 

42 294 74 3 

Woods, Edm 

33 323 95 


Allen. Ind 

3 23 371 7.7 


Carinci, Tor 

41 320 74 


Zeno. Tutana 

4 30 454 75 

Att Com Yds 1C TD 

Crawford, Ham 

40 7*9 75 


□.Wiliams, (II 

3 29 315 75 

Clements. Wag 

346 204 3029 16 14 

Sklaoer. Mil 

16 281 174 



Dunloan. Edm 

334 208 3004 15 16 

Tretilto. Edm 

33 275 13 



Barnes. Col 

362 212 2864 19 11 

Bemwtt, Horn 

27 262 0.7 


DuPord, SMU 

5 0 0 30 155 

Dewoir, b.c 

333 207 3794 7 18 


Muster. Stan Id 

7 2 a 44 I4J 

Paoooo, Sask 

3*5 220 2780 1* 6 

No Yds AvgTD 

Weiss. AFA 

8 0 a 48 125 

Watts, on 

331 174 219* 18 9 

Jenkins, BC. 

24 SIB 21jb 


Jadcson. Auburil 

b 0 0 3b 125 

Gill, Mil 

3)9 186 SM9 13 9 

Zona. Sask 

22 507 211 


Houghttin, lowo 

o 18 6 36 125 

Hobart, Ham 

317 151 1843 9 13 

Fields Horn 

18 408 217 


Field Goals 

Jordan, Sask 

158 101 1349 7 3 

Townsend, Tor 

17 371 214 



Hoiiowov. Tor 

133 94 1146 3 6 

Photon. Mtl 

13 351 27 J) 


Zendeias. Ariz 

lb 12 JS0 300 


Coterbone. Ott 

IS 321 214 


Revels. Tenn 

s 5 UX» 240 

No Yds AvgTD 

Edwards. Ott 

IS 392 19J 


Garner. utahSt 

11 10 .909 3-50 

Fernandez. BX. 

67 1111 164 9 


12 212 2X5 


Wbrlev. Kv 

8 7 J75 253 

Boyd, Wag 

55 1058 19.2 9 

Elarms. 5ask 

13 274 21.1 


Belli, Fresno 

B 7 JJ75Z33 

Page 22 



Sic Gloria Transit 

Good Grief! Charlie < 1 Brown Is 35 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — When we 
heard dial Hurricane Gloria 
might be coming our way we re- 
called the old American maxim 
that says, “When terrified, go shop- 
ping.” As a result, we now have: 

1. Ten gallons of bottled drink- 
ing water. 

2. A carton of canned cold con- 
somme soup. I Doesn’t have to be 
heated before eating: our electric 
stove is useless whenever wind 
takes down the power lines.) 

3. Two spare can openers. (Our 
regular can opener is always lost 
when it's needed and, the manufac- 
turing industry being what it is 
these days, by buying two can 
openers you might get one that 

4. A battery-operated radio. 

5. A backup set of radio batteries 
guaranteed to last up to six months. 
(In case of an unusually long hurri- 

6. A regular- size flashlight and a 
gianl-size flashlight (The regular 
size for hunting for lost can open- 
ers; the giant size in case we have to 
go outside — we don’t want neigh- 
bors to think we can't afford the 

7. A molded tarpaulin car cover 
to fit over the automobile. (Guar- 
anteed to keep hurricane-force 
rains from getting through the 
crack in the windshield.) 

8. Forty feet of tarpaulin-car- 
cover tie-down rope. (When tied to 
die car cover and lashed around the 
car axles, this is guaranteed to keep 
the tarpaulin car cover from blow- 
ing away in winds up to 1 10 miles 
per hour.) 

9. Brightly colored tarpaulin -car- 
cover kite laLL (If winds exceed 1 10 
mph this will not only give the 
tarpaulin-car-cover excellent aero- 
dynamic stability in the upper at- 
mosphere but Will also, thanks to 
its bright coloring, make identifica- 
tion and recovery easier after the 

10. Three dozen elegantly ta- 
pered candles fit for the finest ta- 
ble. (Tbe store had locked up all its 
cheap candles at the first hurricane 

I Z. Four silver candelabra which 
Vincent Price wouldn’t be ashamed 
to be caught in the same haunted 
bouse with. (These were a bit pric- 
ey, but anything cheaper would not 
have dote credit to the candles.) 

12. Six rolls of masking tape for 

taping across big window panes to 
avoid “shrapnel effect" created 
when high winds propel shards of 
broken glass through the air. (We 
don't have any big window panes, 
but bought the tape anyhow, figur- 
ing we could immobilize the cats 
safely in the cellar by wrapping 
them mummy-style in masking 

13. Two large tanks of propane 
gas. (I don’t know what to do with 
propane gas even on a clear day, 
but the radio said to have some 

14. Five gallons of milk and 10 
large family-size loaves of bread. 
(As I explained toan angry woman 
who protested my taking aO the 
bread and milk left in the store, we 
have an infant baby in the house.) 

15. Three gallons of gin, three 
gallons of rum. two cases of an 
unpretentious California zinfandd 
and two quarts of brandy. (We 
have an infant baby in the house.) 

16. A water-resistant pet signal- 
ing collar that can be strapped 
around cats just like a flea collar. 
(When cats are blown far away by 
hurricane winds, tbe personalized 
radio signal transmitted by the pel 
signaling collar on the local police 
radio frequencies will make it easy 
for the police to locate and rescue 
the poor creatures. The signal 
passes readily through most sub- 
stances, including masking tape.) 

17. Two rowboats fully equipped 
with oars, bailing buckets, caulking 
compound and street maps. (To 
facilitate emergency movement 
during heavy flooding, we decided 
on two rowboats since the children 
were bound to demand the use of 
one to visit friends.) 

18. New cosmetic kit — includ- 
ing comb, hair mousse, spray-on 
rouge, slip-over teeth caps. etc. — 
all packaged in a waterproof oil- 
skin bag. ("Guarantees you can be 
ready to go on camera in just sec- 
onds or less should you be asked 
for interviews by marauding TV 
crews during floods, ship disasters 
at sea, water-main breaks or hurri- 
canes," according to the literature 
accompanying the warranty.) 

19. A cord of wood and a quanti- 
ty of kindling (To make toast and 
warm house while waiting for dev- 
astation to be cleared away.) 

20. Carrier pigeons to transport 
vital news reports to printing press- 

New York Times Service 

N EW YORK — He doesn’t 
look a day over 10, but Char- 
lie Brown and the rest of the 
“Peanuts" gang are celebrating 
their 35th birthday today. 

“PeanuU," which sprang from 
the fertile mind of Charles M. 
Schulz when he was 27 years old, 
has generated 30 television spe- 
cials, four movies, two Broadway 
plays and countless merchandise. 
The collected strips have sold 
more than 300 million copies in 
book form. In a recent interview 
with Leonard Maltin of “Enter- 
tainment Tonight," Schulz, 62, 
reflected on the evolution and 
longevity of his “Peanuts" comic 
strip. Excerpts: 

Maltin: Do yon feel that your 
whole fife has been pretty much 
tied to this medium? 

Schulz: Yes. I sometimes say 
that I'm not sure that it was a very 
great ambition, but my dad and I 
enjoyed the funny papers. My 
mother used to say, “How could 
you sit there and laugh at some- 
thing out loud? I don't under- 
stand that!" 

Maltin: Did yon ever have any 
wavering of thought about what 
you were going to do with you: 

Schulz: I had a few doubts that 
I wasn't able to do it. Right after 
high school I sent an application 
to Walt Disney and got turned 
down flatly, but that didn't dis- 
courage me. I used to see how 
good some of the cartoonists were 
and I used to sit at home in my 
bedroom and draw comic strip 
after comic strip. 

But I think I’ve always been 
obsessed by the medium. It’s a 
strange medium because it isn't 
given much glory in our society. 
It's still regarded one notch below 
burlesque. I'm afraid. And so, 
you have to be very careful to 
judge the compliments that you 
get when people say how good 
something is that you’re doing. 

Maltin: Are you (he kind of 
person who believes (hat If yon 
want to get a job done right 
you’ve got to do it yourself? 

Schuh: No. and I'm not sure 
that I'm the person that probably 
can even draw this strip (he best. 
There are other people who can 
draw much better than I can but I 
think I have a certain fed for this. 

I think I may not be the best 
comic strip artist that has ever 

Hu rry Ndtdnyon/Tlw Warf wi gnjn Poo 

Charles M. Schulz 

lived, but 1 bet 1 know more 
about drawing comic strips than 
anybody who has ever been in 
this business. I have a fed for this 
rather insignificant business. 

Maltin: There was a time when 
everything was very drtailed in a 
comic strip, particularly (he seri- 
ous ones, but even some- of the 
hmny ones. When yoo cam* along 
with “Peanuts," yoo simplified all 

Schulz: Well, Tor one thing I 
wanted to get the reader right 
down on the level of tbe charac- 
ters. We never use camera angles 
so that we're looking down on the 
kids. There has to Ire a consisten- 
cy here and I think there is a 
consistency in the style of the 
caricature all tbe way through. 
The ears are caricatured to the 
same extent that the nose and 
eyes and fingers and everything 
is. Now, I dunk warmth is very. 
very important. Cartoon charac- 
ters should have warmth. 

Maltin: What abort (be actual 
style or formal? Has any of that 
changed ova- (he years? 

Schulz: It's difficult to tell until 
I look at some of the reprint 
books and then I see that, gee, I 
could have drawn that better. 
You don't notice it when you’re 
drawing day after day after day. 
The characters do change. They 
gel smaller, they get taller and 
they shrink and then you find a 
reprint book coming out a year or 

two later and then you think, 
Charlie Brown is getting a little 
too tall, or Snoopy’s stomach 
isn’t quite drawn tbe way it 

Now. what is interesting is that 
as you become better at some- 
thing you no longer can draw it. I 
think of Snoopy lying on the dog- 
house and tbe way I did tbe draw- 
ing at that time. Now that I've 
learned bow to draw it better I 
find it doesn’t work anymore. 

Maltin: What character has 
changed the most in yo® eye? 

Schulz: Snoopy! Snoopy start- 
ed off as simply a cute little dog, a 
cute little puppy and then he grew 
to a very grossly caricatured dog 
with a long neck and I can't be- 
lieve 1 drew him that way in those 
days. If the syndicate had any 
sense, they would have called me 
up and said, “You’re fired, we 
hate the way you're drawing." 
But I have to keep going bade to 
warmth. There was harshness to 
some of the thing s that 1 was 
drawing at a certain time. 

Maltin; How do you keep your 
enthusiasm working on a strip day 

Schulz: Yeah, sometimes it’s 
not that fascinating. Some Sun- 
day pages, when you think of the 
idea you know it’s just going to be 
plain hard work. And others you 
can hardly wait to draw it be- 
cause it's going to be so much fun 
— especially if there's a lot of 
action and a lot of wfld expres- 
sion and things like that Then it's 
fun to do. But if it’s going to be 
Schroeder playing the piano with 
Lucy leaning on it for 12 panels, 
that's just plain hard work. 

Maltin: I know yon get a ton of 

Schulz: 1 received a letter from 
a young gjrl last year who said she 
thought it was tune for Lucy to 
stop pulling away the football 
from Charlie Brown and that it' 
was kind of crueL Now, she may 
be right. As the years go chi, you 
look at thin gs a little bit different- 
ly. I mellowed considerably. I'm 
not as sarcastic as I used to be 
and the characters in the strip 
aren't as sarcastic. 

Muhin- Do yon fed that you 
are consciously tryteg to do a mor- 
alistic comic strip? 

Schulz: It is pretty decent hu- 
mor. Everything that we have 
done has been pretty decent. 

Maybe it sounds prudish but 1 
don’t think there is anything 
wrong with bring prudish and I 
don’t see anything wrong with 
being nice. 

Maltin: Have yon ever caught 
yourself consciously changing 
something abort tbe characters? 

Schulz: I suppose the most 
conscious thing would be trying 
to tone Lucy down so she is not as 
mean as sbe might have been. I’ve 
eliminated characters because 
they just didn’t work. I eliminat- 
ed Frieda's cat because I discov- 
ered that I really didn't draw just 
a very good cat Also, the intro- 
duction of certain characters 
rooiJ the other characters. I intro- 
duced another brother for 
Snoopy a couple of years ago sim- 
ply because I thought the name 
Marbles was a great name for a 
dog who would be spotted, but I 
discovered having another dog in 
the strip took - tbe uniqueness 
away from Snoopy. It destroyed 
the little relationship between 
him and the kids. 

Mtitfau In 35 years time have 
you ever thought about really 
shaking up some of tbe conven- 
tions tint you yourself have devel- 
oped? Have you ever thought 
about not having Charlie Brown 
be a laser at a certain point ? 

Schulz: That would be tbe 
worst mistake you could make. It 
would be like LT1 Abner getting 
married, which was the worst 
mistake AL Capp ever made. And 
once Charlie Brown begins to 
win, and you give into these little 
temptations, your whole struc- 
ture will collapse. 

Maltin: Hon would you sum up 
what you do? 

Schulz: I think cartooning has 
a certain quality and a certain 
charm unlike any other medium, 
whether it is somebody drawing 
for 2,000 newspapers; or if it’s 
somebody drawing a little car- 
toon on tbe outside of an enve- 
lope to a friend. There is a com- 
munication there. There is a 
bringing of joy. a bringing of hap- 
piness — without being too 
pompous — but it is worth some- 
thing and people like to draw 
funny pictures. Even if you don’t 
draw, it is stiD fun to do it and T 
guess that’s why 1 do it I like to 
draw something that is fun. 


Balloon Race Winner ^ 

The winner of the 1985 Gordon with a dieesesaucf, according »■= 
Benuea Balloon Race was the Aus- new book published in Britain- *ra* 
Irian balloon, piloted by Joseph net Coffins asked her to contribute 
Starkbmm and Gen S 1 ^ 7 , which a recipe to “Famous Fare." a book 
landed at San ary, near Toulon, in about the favorite foods of weil- 
F ranee, 212 miles (342 kilometers) known people in Britain- She said 
from the takeoff point in Geneva, the book was compiled to raise 
Germany 3 was tbe last balloon to money for a children's hospital in 
land, touching down Monday after Oxford, England. Others contrib- 
spending 44 hours in the air and uting recipes included Edward 
flying only 42 miles. Heath, the former prime minister. 

n Princess Alexandra, a cousin of 

Queen EXzabeth Q; and Robert 
A Los Angeles telethon far the the archbishop of Canter- 

victims of ibe earthquake in Mexi- bury, 
co drew mow than $5.2 rzuffion in 

pledges, an amount expected to in- O / 

crease as organizers tally comribo- A daughter has been bom' to 
nons from viewers ouwdedte Maiy eSmmgham, the former 
United States, officials saui “Thw Corp.^^Tlive who quit 

was all organized*, one week and her job in 1980 amid rumore of a 
it wait wMdafidly. W e’re y ery romancc with her boss, Wiffiam 
prowl of it," smd laura VaJvwde of ^ wbom ^ ^ 

KMEX, a Spanish- language tdevi- S£y Ahum Agee weighed in Mon- 
sioa stauoiL The mouCT wffl be day at 9 pounds^ ounas(4.4 kflo- 
smt to .the : Mexican Red Cross to Susan O’Brien, a 

s« up dimes and to buy methane spokeswoman at St Margaret’s 
and. food, an Ammran Red Cross Uosphal for Women in Bbnon. 
spokeswoman. Mite Rodngnez, Cunningham recently left her post 
- ■ •Alave£dhp*has u jo^iE. Seagram A Sons Inc. 
gone on salem tbe United Stau* to ^rTfuIl tinTon the venture- 
fmtmuig pictur e and interviews qf she formcd with 

the stars who participated m Jul/s 
conc e rt 10 raise money for the vie- . . 

tuns of famine in Africa. Bob Get- □ • 

dot. the Irish lead singer for the . „ ■ ■ ■ - 

Boom town Rats, who organized tinsfiBa Onassis, 34, has Bed 
the event, said 200,000 copies of the for d™*** her fourth bus- 
book have already been sold in band ’ *&» French businessman 
Britain and 300.000 comes of a TOeny Roussel, sources dose^.o 
magazine version had been bought Onassis family said Tuesday, 
in France: Gddof said donations to The sources said the divorce peti- 
Lrve Aid so far totaled roughly 567 t* 0 ® was Hod last month in Swit- 
mQlion but said the campaign left zeriand, where Onassis is a resident 
him broke. He said that friends had of Stl Moritz. Onassis, who heads a 
to put up the money for hi™ to fly shipping and real estate empire in- 

Thomas Monaghan, who owns 
the Domino's pizza chain and the 
Detroit Tigers, now has a set of 
Duesenbergs. He paid $1 mflKo n 
for a 192 9 Duesenbere at an auc- 
tion of the 1,400-vehkae collection 
of late casino owner Wffiam F. 
Hanah in Sparks. Nevada. Mona- 
ghan says he will put the Duesen- 
berg in the foyer of his office next 
to one he bought last week for tbe 
same price. “I think they’ll make a 
pretty good pair, don’t you?” he 

Prime Minister Margaret 
Thatcher’s favorite-food is zucchini 
stuffed with shrimp and served 

Mary AbnaAsee weighed in Mon- 
day at 9 pounds 4 ounces (4.4 kilo- 
grams), said Susan O’Brien, a 
spokeswoman at ,Sl Margaret’s 
Hospital for Women in Boston. 
Cunningham recently left her post 
at Joseph £ Seagram <fe Sops Inc. 
to work full time on the venture- 
capital business she formed with 

Christina Onassis, 34, has filed 
for divorce from her fourth hus- 
band, the French businessman 
Thierry Roussel, sources dosqT.o 
the Onassis family said Tuesday. 
The sources said the divorce peti- 
tion was filed last month in Swit- 
zerland, where Onassis is a resident 
of Si Moritz. Onassis, who heads a 
shipping and real estate empire m- 

Onassis, married Roussel, 33, in 
France in 1984. The couple have an 
eight-month-old daughter, Albina 

Australian-bom & Wffiam He- 
settioe is to become Queen JEXza- 
brtfc IPs private secretary when Sir 
Phifip Moore retires next April, 
Buckingham Palace announced 
Tuesday. Hesettine, 55, has been 
deputy private secretary since 
1977. He was formerly the qnedi’s 
press secretary, and in that role be 
was credited with shaping the mod- 
em royal image of a hard-working 
“family firm.” Sir Philip, 64, has 
been in his current post since 1977J 
The main function of the private 
secretary is as liaison between the 
queen mid her government.' 




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