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THe G ’ obal New spaper 

Edited in Paris 

N<t -31^892 “ 



Published With The New York Times and The Washington Post 


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Thatcher Reorganizes Cabinet 
bi Bid to Gut Unemployment 



% Harvey Moms 


f M^rrtThLdT Mlnfila ' 


unemployment and 
streagtben ha- Conservative Par- 

Vs^ucn for tbc not genial 

i; uiv u mm mg norUO- 

Of employment, horned 
‘ r , ade and industry and 

h2wA^ man to ^ Northern 
inland Office at a time of crucial 
negotiations with the Irish Repnb- 

Margaret Thatcher 

, As part of a strategy to bolster Spelts Mimst« rNed Macfariaae 

Je declining po^ty ofthe Lord Young, a former business- said earlier that be was resigning 
Conservatives, Mrs. Thatcher man who wasbrought into the gov- ^replacement bos not been 
waasetred Trade and Industry eramenl a year ago with special naimtn. 

: recretary Norman Tebhh to the responsibility for job creation, was ■ Mirror Strike Is Settled 

* * p— BSS£sra“ « £ •£« ?">% 

S™“. bo S lb atUck during Mr. Bn turn's place at the Home d£> ule thathaskept Britain’s sec- 

^ °® ce was token by DouglasHuijd, oSd largest daily. S Mirror off the 
ye^The attack left his wife para- a former diplomat who laid die fST more than a week. The 

, . ground^k for a new peace rnitia- Associated Press reported, 

ine conservative Party chair- live as Northern Ir eland secretary. _, .. . .. . 

mem minister, Patrick Jenkin, and 
Lead Cowrie, the arts minister. 

Succeeding Mr. Jenkin is Ken- 
neth Baker. Mr. Rees was replaced 
by John MacGregor. Lord Gowrie 
also was the chancellor of the 
duchy of Lancaster, a cabinet post. 
Mr. Tebbitt will assume that title; 
Lord Cowrie’s responsibilities for 
the arts will be taken over by Rich- 
ard Luce. 

Mis. Thatcher’s appointments 
did not include Cecil Parkinson, 
who resigned as trade minister in 
1983 after his former secretary re- 
vealed that she was pregnant with 
his chil d. 

Sports Minister Neil Macfariane 
said earlier that be was resigning. 
His replacement has not been 


■ Mirror Strike Is Settled 

Printers at the Mirror Group 
newspapers voted Monday to ac- 
cept a proposed settlement in a 

STAtrica Miners 
Fail to Rally to 
Call for Strike 

man, John Gumma, was moved to 

a relatively junior job at the Agri- 
culture Mims try. 

Mr. Tebbit was replaced by Leon 

uw as iwiwau uaauu acuanii. J* . . . , , . , 

„ . . . The dispute between Mr. Max- 

Tom King, the former employ- ^ ^ Nation^ Graphical 

meat secretary, will replace Mr. Association arose last roonthwhen 
ilurd - be announced plans to shift pnbli- 

Lord Young, whose promotion cation of The Sporting Life, Brit- 

I i. L_ .Vo. mo... in it,. I j: T - -■ J.!L. 

Some South African mine workers prepared Monday to go down the shaft and start die 
day’s shift despite a strike call at several mines by the National Union of Mineworkers. 

d ,v_i •. . ^ iahu loung, wm»c piomouuu canon 01 ine sporung me, om- 

of » t ^Sfn.rhS^^SfS? f,aSpar ! appeared to be the key move in the ain’s leading horse-raring daily. 

Idolization, was also given the from Fleet Street toTsubinban 

^number of unei^ 10 ^! m the rencwal^BriLin’s decaying inner 


Management said that under the 

second term, which ends in 1988. 

Unemployment in Britain stands 
at a record 13.4 pe rcent, represent- 
ing 3JZ5 million unemployed. 

for promoting small business. 
Three ministers were dropped 

not resume production at Mirror 
Group headquarters in London, 

from the cabinet the chief treasury and 300 people would be shifted 
secretary, Peter Rees; the environ- within the Mirror Group. 

} Reogon f Borin 9 to Go 9 
In Tax Revision Battle 

3 Ex-Aides 

The Assoaated Press 

President Ranald Reagan, saying 
he is ‘farin’ to go” after convales- 
cence from cancer surgery, re- 
turned Monday to his campaign for 
tax revision, urging Americans to 
“take our current tax system out 
and string it up-**. 

Zn : a -speech at a stop herein 
Harry S. TnunanV hometown on 
his way bade to Washington from a 
three-week California vacation, 
Mr. Reagan declared that his tax 
plan is opixised by “the people who 
have a vested interest in the status 

He defined “status quo” as “a 
Latin n»n* for the mess our tax 
structure is in,” a ddin g “Those 
,'s vested interests just hate it when we 
talk about reform, and they loved it 
when they thought 1 was laid np 
and out of action.” 

“WdL" Mr. Reagan said, *Tm 
back, and rarin’ to go, up far the 
battle that has only just begun.” 

Recalling Truman’s days as a 
comity judge in Independence, Mr. 
Reagan related a story that Tru- 
man once told about a blacksmith 
serving on a Missouri jury. 

When the judge asked the juror if 
he was prejudiced ag ai ns t the de- 
fendant, the juror replied, “Oh, no, 
judge, I think we ought to gi ve th e 

bum a fair trial first and then string 
him up.” 

“Let me tell you why we ought to 
take our current tax system oat and 

string it up * Mr. Rea^jaid. 

The present system, he declareo, 

— «■ — - *i- — Unilm wnnnm- 

ic growth and is not progressive. 




despite the contentions ch some op- 
^bonents of bis proposed ovohauL 
■ "Recently the Treasury Depart- 
ment completed a study on the tax- 
es paid by those in the top brack- 
etsrthe president said. "It was not 
a pretty sight True, nearljr lwlf 
paid the heavy tax, but a ffiaWe 
Smnber took advantage of the so- 
called loopholes and tax sbdtera. 

“In the year 1983 there woe 
260.00 persons who had mcotnes 
from all sources of a quarter of a 
million dollars a year orjnm^ AJ- 
mosi 30,000 of them paid wtuaBy 

Rragan said that “in a 
d^ocracy Bb oms, «'s W 

“WeQ, our tax code is not a sen- 
sational murder — it’s more like a 
daily mugging and we’ve learned to 
live with it,” he said. 

“It’s true Tve been is public of- 
fice for mere than a dozen years 
now with roughly three years and 
Tour months to go — the Lord 
willing. ... _ - . . 

• : “Since the Constitution limits a' 
president to .only two terms, there 
~ axe no more elections for me, and. 
therefore, no need fix political con- 
siderations m any decision I'm 
called on to make." 

“Like you IH be living with ev- 
erything we do in these next few 
years hoe in Washington," he add- 
ed. “That’s why I want tax reform 
for all of us.” 

The roeecih was the first Mr. 
Reagan had scheduled at a gather- 
ing open to the general pubhc since 
having a section of Ms colon re- 
moved in a cancer operation July 
13. He' spake at a $l,000-e.-plate 
Repobhcan fund-raising d inn e r in 
Los Angeles on Aug. 22 and also 
made a few brief remarks at a press 
party in Santa Barbara. 

Tbc president has strode observ- 
ers as brisk and vigorous, although 
not as tan as usual for this time of 
year. He had a patch of skin cancer 
removed from his nose recently, 
and bis doctms advised Mm to art 
down exposure to the son. He says 
he /eels fine. 

Mr. Reagan plans a speech cm 
behalf of Ms tax plan in Raleigh, 
North Carolina, an Thursday, and 
aides say he will make about one 
speech a week on the subject in 
September and October, attempt- 
ing to counter congressional resis- 
tance to the plan. 

He gave a preview of his ap- 
proach in Ms radio address cut Sat- 
urday, saying, “Let’s go forward by 
nittine income tax rates again and 

Kkea sensational murder. 

Or j 

gan’s tax plan wooia reauce taxes 
for some raise them for others. 
The Treasury Department is 

sending Congress a set of revisions 
to the tax plan, to makeup what the 

Joint Committee on Taxa t ion says 
would be a J25-biHion loss in reve- 
nue. Treasury officials are to meet 
with members of the Ways and 
Means Committee of the House of 
Representatives on Saturday and 
Sunday to discuss the change s. 


8 mm*M "W - •- 

. ..T.r, ■ 4* " V 

Imperils U.S. 

By David S. Brodcr 

Washington Past Service 

NEW ORLEANS — Three men 
who have occupied leading U.S. 
governmental postions in defense 
and national security under both 
Republicans and Democrats dur- 
ing the past 25 years say the Gene- 
va summit and arms control talks 
present a serious danger and a Bru- 
ited opportunity for the United 

Robert S. McNamara and James 
R. Schleanger were secretaries of 
defense. Brent Scowcrofl was a na- 
tional security adviser. They all 
were cautious in assessing pros- 
pects for aims control and the out- 
come of the meeting in November 
between President Ronald Reagan 
and the Soviet leader. Mikhail S. 

Making a joint appearance Sat- 
urday at the American Political 
Science Association, all said the 
fate of the summit lies largely in the 
president’s use of his Strategic De- 
fense Initiative as a bargaining 

P °Mr. Scowi^r^adviser in the 
Nixon and Ford administrations 
and former head of a bipartisan 
commission for Mr. Reagan on the 
MX missile, said the president's 
emphasis on a space- based missile 
defens e system also makes mem- 
bers of the Atlantic alliance “ex- 
tremely apprehensive.” 

Some allies fear that the Strate- 
gic Defease Initiative's cost will di- 
vot funds and attention from the 
conventional defense of Western 
Europe, he said, while others think 
it will make obsolete the indepen- 
dent nuclear forces of Britain and 

“The Europeans have always 
feared either US. co-optatkm or 
abandonment," Mr. Scowcroft 
said, “and SDI has a unique capaci- 
ty to ignite both fears." 

He called the U.S. conservatives’ 
reliance on space- based defease as 
simplistic in its own way as the 
advocacy by liberals of a nuclear 

Mr. Schleangor, who headed the 
Defense Department and the Cen- 

jn the Nixon^md friri^ad nunis trar 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 5) 


■ Israel said its may would in- 
tocept diips anywhere in the 
Mediterranean to head off 
guerrilla attacks. Page 2. 

■ Indonesia’s west Tenor, is the 
poorest end of one of the 

world's poorest islands. Page 6. 


■ Nigeria’s new leader said his 
government wanted to attract 
foreign investmenL Page 15. 

■ Quna prtGsbed full balance 
of payments figures for the first 
lime since 1949. Pige 15. 

DEELKRAAL, South Africa — 
A strike called by black South Afri- 
can mine workers failed to attract 
large-scale support Monday and 
tbar leaders accused mining com- 
panies of intimidating workers. 

In mixed-race areas around 
Cape Town, meanwhile, police us- 
ing shotguns killed one person and 
wounded several others as new ri- 
ots erupted. At least 30 persons 
were killed around Cape Town last 

The police charged demonstra- 
tors at a school in the Malay dis- 
trict of central Cape Town and a 
car was set on fire in the same area, 
witnesses said. Elsewhere youths 
set up barricades, threw stones at 
cars and gashed with police who 
fired birdshot. 

Cyril Ramapbosa, general secre- 
tary of the National Union of 
Mineworkers, said that of its 
60,000 members called out at seven 
mines only about 10 percent bad 
gone on strike. 

But he said 17,000 other miners 
refused to work at three gold mines 
and three coal mines in sympathy 
with the union's wage dispute with 
min e owners. 

“We underestimated manage- 
ment preparedness on the mines 
where we were supposed to go out." 
said Mr. Ramapbosa. “The in tensi- 
ty of intimidation was a lot higher 
than we expected.” 

Mr. Ramaphosa was shuttling 
between mines aboard a helicopter 
to assre* response after the union’s 
telephones failed just as the strike 
was due to start Sunday night. 

He said that it was “a very 
strange coincidence that when we 
need the telephones most they are 
not working. The strike center is 
cut off from the workers who are 
not able to get news to us or in- 
structions from us.” 

Gold Fields of South Africa, 
which owns the Deeftraal mine 
south of Johannesburg where a 
strike was not called, said produc- 

tion there had ceased after less than 
a third of the 4300 men on a shift 
hart turned up. 

At least 13 mine workers have 
been injured, some in clashes with 
security personnel using rubber 
bullets ana tear gas, mine officials 
said. Seven were hurt at the Beatrix 
mine in Orange Free State province 
and six at Kloof, west of Johannes- 

Twenty-three miners were ar- 
rested at Kloof for alleged intimi- 
dation. At least one armored car 
was seen from the air at Deelkraal 
on Monday. 

Continued rioting in black town- 
ships across the country claimed 
two more lives overnight, the police 

A black policeman shot to death 
a man in a crowd that attacked Ms 
home at KwaZakde township near 
Port Elizabeth in Cape province. In 
Sebokeng, south of Johannesburg, 
a black policeman was found 
stabbed to death, they added. 

As the racial violence continued, 
a European fact-finding mission re- 
turned Monday from South Africa 
apparently convinced that Europe- 
an Community sanctions would 
not help end apartheid. 

The mission, including the Lux- 
embourg, Italian and Dutch for- 
eign ministers and a European 
Commission representative, is due 
to report next week to community 
foreign ministers in Luxembourg 
who will have the final say. 

A diplomat close to the mission 
said: “They will not r ecommend 
sanctions although it's up to the 10 
to decide.” 

The Luxembourg foreign minis- 
ter and mission head, Jacques Poos, 
said any mnc-ti on* that the commu- 
nity could impose would be of “sec- 
ond rate importance” compared 
with the pressures already faced by 
the South African government at 
home and abroad. 

The European Community, 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 4) 

vnAnoMfic* which owns the Dedkraal mine c ^ 

A trader at the Johannesburg Stock Exchange confers with a client by telephone Monday south of Johannesburg where a Ihc turo P ean Lommunit; 
as the exchange reopened after •*. three-day suspension ordered by the government- strike was not called, said prodoc- (Continued on Page 2, CoL 4) 

• ’ . . ; 

South Africa Central Bank Head Cuts Short U.S . Visit 



■ A swimsuit designer was ap- 
plauded -by her father the 
iwftaasaDPK on Monday, prince, ber sister ihe process 
Elena Page 1 m6 Tom Menu Carlo. b&B. 

By Bob Hagerty 

Iniemmonat Herald Tribune 

LONDON — The governor of 
South Africa's central bank cut 
short a visit to the United States on 
Monday, apparently abandoning 
an attempt to enlist UJS. govern- 
ment and banting support for his 
country’s financial crisis. 

A spokesman for the South Afri- 
can Embassy in Washington said 
that Gerhard de Kock, the head of 
the country’s Reserve Bank, was 
“leaving shortly" and had called 
off a press conference scheduled 
for Tuesday. The spokesman gave 

Seek Talks 
On Debt 

By Richard J. Meislin 

Mete York Tima Service 

MEXICO CITY — Mexico has 

announced that it will demand new 
negotiations with its foreign credi- 
tors in an effort to improve the 
terms of payment on its 596-bilk on 
foreign debt. 

President Miguel de la Madrid, 
in his annual state of the nation 
address Sunday, rqected “confron- 
tation or repudiation of contracted 
obligations* as a solution to the 
country’s foreign-debt problem. 

But he added, “We will insist on 
the path of dialogue and negotia- 
tion and on the search' for new 
formulas that satisfy, fairly and 
pragmatically, the real interests of 
the parties of the international eco- 
nomic system, making it dear that 
to pay it is necessary to grow.” 

Mexico, the second-largest debt- 
or in Latin America after Brazil, 
has gained hjghpraise and credibil- 
ity among foreign bankers for its 
performance in trying to resolve its 
debt problems, and is considered a 
leader among Latin American 
countries in debt-crisis negotia- 
tions. Nevertheless, the falling 
price of oil has caused worries that 
Mexico vri& be unable to meet loan 

A derision by the Mexican gov- 
ernment that the terms imposed by 
the international frnanrigl commu- 
nity are no longer workable would 
be likely to complicate negotiations 
throughout Latm America, which 
as a whole owes about $370 btHkm 
to foreign banks. 

• A local representative for one 
nujor U.S. rank said he believed 
that Mexico’s announcement was 
an effort to “scare the bankers into 
living up to their side of the com- 
promise” by providing Mexico 
with fresh funds in response to the 
country’s attempts to alleviate its 
debt problems. 

“What they’re saying is, ‘Loosen 

no reason for the departure, and it 
was unclear where Mr. de Kock 
was headed. 

In Johannesburg, meanwhile, the 
South African rand rose steeply 
against the dollar as trading 
opened for the first time since 
Tuesday, when the government 
closed financial markets in an at- 
tempt to stop the currency's 

Bankers and financial analysts in 
London said that South Africa’s 
declaration Sunday of a four- 
month moratorium on repaying 
principal on most foreign debts was 

a major blow to the country, but 
that the action probably was inev- 

The question now. they said, is 
whether the government will make 
enough political reforms to regain 
the confidence of international 
bankers and investors. 

“A lot hangs on what happens 
now politically in South Africa,” 
said Richard O’Brien, chief econo- 
mist at American Express Interna- 
tional Banking Corp. in London. 

The decision by Mr. de Kock to 
leave the United States came as a 
surprise. It had been reported that 

he was to meet with the chairman 
of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board, 
Paul A Volcker. 

U.S. bankers and officials had 
shown little enthusiasm for meet- 
ing with him or helping South Afri- 
ca overcome its financial squeeze. 
“We want to stay out of this as 
much as we can." a Reagan admin- 
istration official said Sunday. 

Last week, Mr. de Kock met in 
London with Robin Ldgh-Pember- 
ton, governor of the Bank of En- 
gland, Britain's central bank. Bnt 
Britain also appeared reluctant to 
provide financial support 

The rand's sharp gain Monday 
had been expected in light of prom- 
ises of heavy intervention in the 
market by the South African au- 
thorities- The government reintro- 
duced Monday a two-tier currency 
system that had been abolished in 
1983. The system is designed to 
discourage foreign investors from 
pulling their funds out 
The commercial rand, now used 
for most external transactions, 
closed in Johannesburg at about 
45.75 U.S. cents, up from the low of 
about 35 cents reached early last 
(Conti nu ed on Page 2, CoL 2) 

Miguel de la Madrid 

up the purse strings now or face the 
consequences,'” he said, adding 
that Mexico probably had re- 
frained from acting sooner to avoid 
jeopardizing tbe renegotiation of 
its principal payments, which was 
completed last week. 

Mexican officials signed the sec- 
ond of two parts of a 548.7-billion 
rescheduling agreement with more 
than 600 creditor banks on Thurs- 
day. Under the package, Mexico 
will pay interest at Vk percent over 
the London interbank offered rate 
for tbe period 1985-86, rising to lMi 
percent for 1987-91 and to 1 '4 per- 
cent for 1992-98. 

The banker also said that Mexi- 
co's move to seek new negotiations 
could mark an important change in 
the dynamic of the Latin American 
debt problem, since op to now 
those countries that had created 
problems for foreign banks were 
“ihe relatively nonimportani ones" 
with lower levels of debt 
While hewing to a line of auster- 
ity for three years has made Mexico 

popular with foreign banks, it has 
had a sharply negative effect on tbe 
government’s popularity at home, 
according to political analysts. 

The government's concerns have ■ 
increased with the recent drop in 
the price of od, Mexico’s main ex- 
port, which threatens to leave the 
(Continued on Page 2, CoL 7) 

By T.R. Reid 

Washington Post Service 

Colorado — The electronic dawn 
came precisely at 9 A.M., bath- 
ing the Orange Julius stand in a 
cool fluorescent glow and glis- 
tening off the designer frames in 
the counters at Royal Optical. 

Along three miles (4.8 kilome- 
ters) of hallway, 195 store man- 
agers began raising their RoU-O- 
Macic auto-shutters, and a 
platoon of cookie, corn dog and 
KarmelCom purveyors lit their 

To the swelling strains of “Oh. 
What a Beautiful Morning” on 
the Muzak, a new day was break- 
ing at Southwest Plaza, an enor- 
mous pentagonal shopping mall 
that floats above a vast sea of 
suburban homes in central Colo- 
rado like the battleship New Jer- 
sey at a convention of canoes. 

Before the end of the shopping 
day 13 hours later, about 30,000 
people would pass through the 
Plaza, staying an average of 2.3 
hours apiece. They would fill all 
6,928 spaces in the sprawling as- 
phalt parking lot, drop 150 
pounds (68 kilograms) of pen- 
nies into the fountains around 
the mail's central “performance 
center,” eat 1,000 Super Pretzels 
and purchase a half- milli on dol- 
lars' worth of goods and services 
ranging from diamonds to door- 
knobs, dental checkups to di- 
vorce settlements. 

It was just another day at the 
shopping mall, the place where 
much of America spends — -liter- 
ally and figuratively — its sum- 

It is established sociological 
lore by now that giant shopping 
centers such as Southwest Plaza, 
a concrete hulk buQt in a style 
that might be called early air- 
plane hangar, have become the 
social centers of American life, 
the new Town Halls and Main 

But to the retailing and service 
industries the shopping center is. 



Shopping inal fife seen by Charles Shultz, the caitoorist 

'We put one shoe store here and another 
way over there. We want yon to pass 35 
more stores between the two. Hopefully, 
you’ll drop 30 or 40 more bucks along 

the way.’ — a shopping mall manager 

first of afl. an amaring money 
machine, the most powerful mar- 
keting mechanism ever devised. 

The secret of the American 
shopping center is a phenome- 
non deuberatdy designed into 
every malL It has been called the 
“Graen transfer” in honor of re- 
torting visionary Victor Gruen, 
who conceived the notion 30 
years ago, and it was visible re- 
cently at Southwest Plaza min- 
utes after the center opened for 
the day. 

A young woman wearing pink 
pedal pushers and tugging two 
email children marched rapidly 
down the corridor, resolutely ig- 
noring the petting zoo, the Dairy 
Cream, the Radio Shade and the 
House of Suede as she headed for 
Kinney’s Shoes. 

In marit-ting p arlanc e,, she 
was a “destination shopper,” a 
consumer who had come to the 
mall with a specific purchase in 

But the woman could not find 

all the shoes she needed at Kin- 
ney’s. So she set off toward one 
of the mall's other shoe stores, a 
trip that took- ber past dozens of 
other merchants. 

Suddenly, she veered into 
Hickory Farms; from there, she 
moved down the corridor to 
Waldenbooks. By the time she 
arrived at the next shoe store, her 
arms were full of purchases and 
each child was lapping at an ice 
cream cone. 

Just as Mr. Gruen intended, 
.the woman had been trans- 
formed from a destination shop- 
per to an impulse shopper, which 
is the 'metamorphosis mafl de- 
agners dream about 

“See, we put one shoe store 
here and another way over 
there,” explained Marcella Cain, 
Southwest Plaza’s exuberant op- 
erations manager. “We want you 
to pass 35 more stores between 
the two. Hopefully, you’ll drop 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 7) 


Page 2 


Syria Said 
To Be Ready 
To Back Talks 
On Lebanon 


BEIRUT — Syria win toy to re- 
’ launch peace talks between Leba- 
non’s Moslems and Christians,. a 
. senior Christian Phalangist Party 
' leader was quoted Monday as say- 

. The party's vice president, 
. George Saadeh, said, 'Damascus 
has resolved to put an end to the 

.war." Beirut newspapers reported. 
He nude the statement after re- 
turning Sunday from talks in Syria. 

“Syria is sedung to bring about a 
new conference of dialogue among 
. the various Lebanese factions,” 
said Mr. Saadeh, who headed a 
Phalangist delegation to two days 
of talks with Vice President Abdel 
Halim Kbaddam. 

The independent Beirut daily 
An-Nahar, however, said the dele- 
gation was told that Moslem-Chris- 
' tian talks would be restarted only if 
adequate preparations were made 
" to ensure their success. 

Moslem parties, which formed a 
‘ “national unity front” coalition 
with pro-Syrian Christian figures 
. last month, have presented reform 
demands, but Christian parties 
.have not yet announced a unified 
program for negotiations. 

Meanwhile, a prominent sup- 
porter of the Palestine Liberation 
Organization chairman, Yasser 
Arafat, was seriously wounded 
Monday by unidentified gunmen at 
his home in the Ain el Helweh 
refugee camp near Sidon. 

Security sources identified the 
wounded man as Hussein al-Haybi 
one of four pro-Arafat leaders or- 
dered out of the southern port city 
by Sidon’s Moslem dvic and mili- 
tia leaders in July. 

The incident followed the assas- 
sination on Saturday of Mr. Ara- 
fat’s chief deputy in Sidon, Mus- 
tafa Kassem Khalifa, by masked 
gunmen in the camp. 

■ Jerusalem Bomb Wounds 5 

Syrian-backed Palestinian rebels 
claimed responsibility for a bomb- 
ing near Jerusalem on Monday that 
Israeli police said wounded five 
persons. The Associated Press re- 
ported from Damascus. 

The dissident Palestinian group 
led by Coload Sayed Musa, also 
known as Abu Musa, said in a 
statement that the bomb exploded 
in a bus station, killing OT wound- 
ing a “large number of Zionists." 
Israeli police said the bomb ex- 
ploded at a suburban bus stop. 

Is Damaged 
Heavily by 



QUITO, Ecuador (AP) - Army oomiwndajndjgQ^e 


TO, Ecuador (atj — holding a lead 

'■MS SSU- j-sa-sj ^ 

The kidnappers were 

« chief of Guayaquil- The. 
“““■ town ***** 



He was also said to have 1 ; 

interests in several Miami banks. 

BILOXI, Mississippi — The hur- 
ricane designated Elena finally 
swept ashore along the Mississippi 
coast Monday with winds up to 100 
miles per hour, ripping off roofs, 

uprooting trees, flooding highways V *» • J 

and leaving 100,000 people without RepOFtS AllOttiBF JtuUu 

“^E^^orts Monday iKficated BAGHDAD . . 

A military 

intended to hinder repair efforts. 

Israeli Navy personnel in Haifa stood on two boats Mon- 
day that were seized by the navy after carrying suspected 

Palestinian guerrillas toward south Lebanon. The mQitaiy 
command said the guerrillas intended to cross into IsraeL 

Rabin Says Israeli Navy Will Act Against GuemUas 

that damage was heavy, al 
.no new deaths were reported. The 
hurricane made landfall after zig- 
zagging around the Gulf of Mexico 
for four days. 

Earlier, the storm contributed to 
three deaths in Florida. 

Huzricane conditions affected 
the coast of . western Florida, Ala- 
bama, Mississippi and southeast- 
ern Louisiana, said M3es Lawrence 
of the National Weather Service in 

Tornadoes spinning off the er- 

teraSSd did not senoody disrupt oil exports^ 

fui* ' i 


(fl’UP '• 



jif- 1 



By William Claiborne 

Washington Post Service 

JERUSALEM — Defease Min- 
ister Yitzhak Rabin said Monday 
that the Israeli Navy would inter- 
cept vessels not only in territorial 
waters off the Israeli ^oast, but 
anywhere in the Mediterranean Sea 
to prevent guerrilla attacks. 

Mr. Rabin said that Israel, hav- 
ing sealed its land borders, could 
expect a concerted effort by the 
Palestine liberation Organization 
to land guerrillas from offshore. 

Israel, he said, had a right to 
prevent attacks on its citizens by 

intercepting, boarding and, if nec- 
essary, seizing ships in the high seas 
outside Israel’s territorial limits. 

weekend for what the Israeli De- 
fense Forces command said was a 
terrorist mission inside IsraeL : 

The defense minister told an Is- 
rael Bonds delegation from the 
United States that he expected d- 
Fatah, the mainstream PLO fac- 
tion headed by Yasser Arafat, to 
begin “an all-out effort to resume 
atrocities — murderous attempts to 
penetrate Israel and to kill in an 
indiscriminate way Israelis, Jews." 

Mr. Rabin spoke after an Israeli 
Navy patrol intercepted a yacht 
carrying Palestinian guerrillas from 
Cyprus to southern Lebanon last 

It was the second interception of 
a vessel carrying suspected guerril- 
las in international waters in a 
week. On Aug. 24, a yacht bound 
for Sidon, Lebanon, Cram Cyprus 
was captured Two foreign crew- 
men, an American and an Austra- 
lian, are being held for questioning. 

The Israeli military c o m mand 
said that in the most recent inci- 
dent, in which the yacht Ganda-was 
seized on Saturday after “behaving 
in a suspicious manner,” British 

and Greek crewmen were detained 
with a group of suspected Palestin- 
ian guerrillas. 

The miKtnr y command said the 
Palestinians were members of 
“Force 17” described as an elite 
guard commanded by Mr. Arafat, 
which recently moved to Ior dan. 

A command spokesman said 
that Fatah noils specially trained in 
shore landings had been preparing 
for attacks inside Israel for over a 
year at camps in Algeria. 

Tire spokesman said lire PLO 
had obtained a number of speed- 
boats to use from southern Leba- 

Fund-Raiser Fails Nicaragua Refugees 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Nicaraguan refogees 
of r fop 5219.525 coHaaed on their behalf at an April fund-raising tinner ... 
USSS by PriSd^Ronald Reagan, according to an internal . 

direct White 

ratio, slow-moving hurricane struck 15 event, said that costs totaled 5218376. From the : 

at least three shelters in Mississippi ^SSand otherrcvaiues, the fund spent 53,000 to drip rebel supplies to 
and created fires throughout the central America. 


i^ u t; 

dll irfv ■=£ 


0 en SJ** 1 



Tiedge Says Situation Was 'Hopeless’ U.K. Union 



BONN — Hans Joachim Hedge, 

West Germany’s" chief counterspy 
te the 

Wreck of Titanic 
Reported Found 
By French Crew 

Complied by Our Staff From Dtsptadta 

PARIS — The government- 
operated French Institute for 
Research and Exploitation of 
the Sea said Monday that a 
joint French- American expedi- 
tion had discovered the wreck 
of the liner Titanic 560 mfles off 
Newfoundland at a depth of 
more than 13,000 feet 

Tire announcement said that 
the wreck was positively identi- 
fied by the French-made SAR 
submarine sonar system and 
American-made ARGO under- 
water cameras. 

The Titanic struck an iceberg 
and sank on its maiden voyage 
in 1912, with the loss of 1313 of 
about 2*200 crew members and 

Ten millionaires were on 
board when the ship sank. Its 
strongroom was filled with 
valuables, including diamonds 
valued at S7 million in 1912. 

The U.S. Navy and the Na- 
tional Geographic Society 
helped to underwrite the ex- 
penses of the expedition. (AP, 

until two weds ago, wrote 
Bonn government that he rfmng Bd 
sides because be was in a hopeless 
situation, government sources said 

They said Mr. Tiedge gave the 
explanation — he was apparently 
referring to his debts — in a letter 
in which he also refused to meet 
with a representative of West Ger- 

The statement was in Mr. 
Hedge's handwriting, one source 
said. Mr. Tiedge was known to 
have had financial and alcohol 
problems brfore be defected to 
East Germany an Aug. 19. 

Despite the spy episode, West 
Germany announced Monday that 
East Germany’s leader, Erich Hon- 
ecker, promised to have all mine- 
fields removed from tire border this 
month. East Germany reportedly 
cleared all automatic shrapnel guns 

from the border fences earlier this 
year and was said to be clearing 
min es in many frontier stretches. 

A spokesman said that Mr. Hoc- 
ecker made his pledge during talks 
at the Leipzig bade fair on Sunday. 
East Germany also would ease re- 
strictions on contacts between ritir 
zens of the two nations. 

Military experts say East Ger- 
many has built more fences behind 
the border and improved electronic 
alarm systems. 

A government source said the 
letter added to evidence that Mr. 
Hedge's defection was a snap deri- 
son. Investigations so far had not 
found anything suggesting that he 
was a so-called mole planted earlier 
by the East German espionage ser- 
vice, tire source added. 

“There was clearly an accumula- 
tion of problems winch could have 
caused a panic reaction,” one 
source said. 

Security sources have said that 

Mr. Hedge had debts of more than 
100,000 Deutsche marks (534,000) 
and that final demand had been 
sent to Ins office for 35,000 marks. 

Mr. Hedge, 48, also had alcohol 

E mblems, and security sources say 
e may have feared his own dis- 
missal as a security risk. Following 
the defection, Heribert HeUen- 
broich, the head of Bonn’s secret 
service, was dismis sed last week af- 
ter Chancellor Helmut Kohl said 
he bore responsibility for allowing 
Mr. Tiedge to remain at his job. 

The West German spokesman 
said that East Germany sought a 
meeting with Martin Winkler, an 
East German diplomat who^efect- 
ed on Aug. 25. He indicatod.tiiat 
Mr. Winkler had refused. [ 

Bonn has denied any link be- 
tween Mr. Winkler and the defec- 
tion of Mr. Hedge, but security 
sources hove indicated that he was 
a West Ge rman agent and feared 

Labor Chiefs 

South African Central Banker Leaves U.S. 

(Continued from Page 1) 
week before the government- tem- 
porarily dosed the market Trading 
was light and jittery. 

Later, in London, the rand 
slipped bade to around 43 cents. 

South Africa was farced to delay 
its debt payments because many 
foreign banks, particularly U.S. in- 
stitutions, had begun demanding 
repayment of short-term loans as 
they matured rather than automati- 
cally renewing them as usual 

The country has about 512 bil- 
lion of foreign loans falling due 
within tire next 12 months. Most 
woe made to local banks, which 
then lent tire proceeds to South 
African companies in need of for- 
eign exchange. 

“There's no way banks can be 
seen to be supporting the South 
African regime," said Quentin Pat- 
erson, an analyst at tire London 
stockbrokerage of Williams de 
Broc HOI Chaplin & Co. 

The same political problem 
made it difficult for foreign banks 
to negotiate with South Africa over 
delayed payment of debts, bankers 
said. Such talks would have been 
seen as propping up South Africa’s 
apartheid system. 

Thus, whQe banks usually de- 
plore unilateral action by borrow- 
ers, many bankers said South Afri- 
ca had been forced to come up with 
its own solution. 

During the four-month freeze, 
the country has promised to seek 
agreement on a rescheduling of its 
short-term debt payments. South 
Africa said it would continue to 
pay interest on foreign loans. 

The episode demonstrates that 
South Africa's government cannot 
insulate itself from outside pres- 
sure, said Michael Couison, an ana- 
lyst at Phillips & Drew, another 
London brokerage. 

The moratorium is particularly 
painful for the government because - 
it ruins South Africa’s record of 
repaying its debts cm time. 

Some analysts argued thru the 
country would be unable to borrow 
overseas for some time. Others con- 
tended that posable concessions to 

tire country’s black majority might 
reassure at least some lenders, par- 
ticularly the West German, Swiss 
and British banks that have been 
faithful lenders to date. 

“It’s an unhappy development, 
but not a catastrophic one,” argued 
Nfichad McWIDiam, managing di- 
rector of Standard Chartered PLC, 
a London-based bank holding 
company that is a major lender to 
South Africa L 

Few Strike 
bi S. Africa 

(Cbutinued from Page I) 
South Africa's largest trading part- 
ner, which last year look half of its 
exports, has been under strong 
pressure to impose sanctions. 

Mr. Poos said opinion in South 
Africa was sharply divided, with 


BLACKPOOL, England — Brit- 
ain’s second largest trade onion re- 
buffed an appeal from labor lead- 
ers Monday, and now is facing 
possible disciplinary measures for 
cooperating with the Conservative 
government, union sources said. 

The appeal to the million- 
- member engineers’ union came af- 
ter the Trades Union Congress held 
an emergency meeting an hoar be- 
fore its annual conference, sources 

The conservative Amalgamated 
Union of Engineering Workers 
faces suspension or expulsion from 
the Trades Union Congress, a 
grouping of almost 100 onions, be- 
cause it has indicated that it will 
continue to accept money from the 
government to finance baDotmg on 
such issues as strikes and leader- 

The Trades Union Congress has 
ordered its unions not to cooperate 
with onion reform laws enacted by 
the government of Prime Minister 
Margaret Thatcher. 

Norman Willis, the general sec- 
retary of the congress, called the 
situation very serious. He added, 
“Nobody that I know wants any 
union — certainly not the engineer- 
ing union — to go out of the TUC." 

As wed as providing state funds 
to assist union balloting, the laws 
prohibit sympathy action and give 
employers legal redress against 
such stoppages. 

The engineers are becked by the 
335,000-member electricians' 
union, whose leader, Eric Ham- 
mond, said his members would 

hurricane area by knocking down 
power lines. 

Police in Gulfport, Mississippi, 
said tornadoes had hit two schools 
serving as emergency shelters. The 
roof of one and inj uries 

were reported at one elementary 
school that housed 184 evacuees. 

Mississippi’s governor, BUI Al- 
lain, asked President Ronald Rea- 
gan to declare the state’s coastal 
counties a disaster area. He said 
authorities would begin Harn B p* as- 
sessments 'immediately. The state's 
public safety commissioner, James 
Roberts, said major roads to the 
Gulf coast were closed by hi gh wa- 

More than one million 
evacuated coastal areas of 
Alabama, Misassippi and Louisi- 
ana after Elena reversed course off 
die coast of Florida on Sunday and 
headed northwest with winds of 
125 miles (200 kilometers) per 

.The storm’s highest sustained 
winds began dropping after h hit 
land Monday and by midday were 
down to about 75 mph. By after- 
noon, all hurricane warnings had 
been discontinued along die coast 

In the Pascagoula area, Jackson 
County officials said there was ex- 
tensive damage to vehicles when 
the sudden (hop in air-pressu re 
blew windows out 

Parts of UJL Highway 90 along 
the coast were blocked by water 
that singed over seawalls. 

“Pretiminary indications are that 
die damage is more extensive than 
Frederick in 1979,” Jackson Coun- 
ty 1 a civfl defense director, Hank 
Hide, said of the Pascagoula area. 

Gulf coast power con^any offi- 
cials said it wuld be several days 
before power could be restored to 
all customers. 

In Florida, a spokesman for Gulf 
Power Co. said that 100,000 cus- 



audit follows anearfier disclosure that die refugee 



Sandinist government in Managua. But 
has gone to the guerrillas. 

Ain* [fl j i 31 *- 

Spain Joins-European Fighter Project 

MADRID (AP) — Spain will ‘ " 

partici pa te in the European fighter 
project despite French calls for a 
different, smaller French-Spamsh 
aircraft. Prime Minister Felipe 
Gouz&lez has said. 

Britain, West Germany and Italy 
signed an agreement for the con- 
struction of the Euroiiean fighter 
on Aug. 2. The three nations gave 
France and Spain several weeks to 
reconsider their initial refusal -to 
participate in the project, winch 
was expected to bring 530 btOion 
worth of ciders if all five countries 
had taken part 

Mr. Gouzklez made his remarks 
in an interview with Xinhua, the 
Chinese news agency, which was 
released by his office prior to his 
trip this week to China and Japan. 
“We would not like to see France 
left out,” Mr. Gonzfilez said in the 
interview, parts of which-were pub- 
lished in Spanish newspapers Sun- 
day. “But at any rate, we are going 
to take part" 

Recall ■ * 
IfflTSC J 


itnuaff 11 




C lJH WftM 

Felipe Gonzfilez . 

Toll Rises to 21 in Zimbabwe Attack 

HARARE, Zimbabwe — Hie death toll in a rebel attack in southern 
Zimbabwe last week has risen to 21, a police spokesman said Monday. He - 
said that three more bodies, all of them children’s, were found Sunday 
dose to the seme of the attack on a cattle randi near the farming town <rf 
Mweoezi on Thmsday. ( ; 

Firsupfrorts of die attack, the worst since the insurgents launched their - 
offensive in 1982, said t that 18 persons had been Wiled and four-weare 

says are followers of opposition leader; Joshua Nkomo, who denies the 
accusation. ' •• 

rower %jo. saw mat iuu.uuu cus- T) i i n a ' I D • 
tomers in the western panhandle HeBClS AllffOfei HegUlS L/ffeilSlTO 
ca nnn t™. . _ » -o. - o 

and 59,000 west <rf Tanqia had lost 
power as the storm passed there 

In Honda, the hurricane washed 
away piera, swept away beaches 
and flooded homes. 

Gordon Guthrie, director of the 
Florida Divirion of Emergency 
Management, said officials 
planned to fly over islands off 
Franklin County southwest of Tal- 

Bob Chapman, a duty «ffi at 
the Emergency Management Agen- 
cy, estimated that between 60,000 
and TOfiQO Misrisrippians had left 
their homes. Louisiana state police 
estimated that 400,000 people had 
fled, and 175,000 had been ordered 
to evacuate the Alabama coast 

At various times 1_25 miHiou 
were evacuated in Florida, al- 
though that included panhandle 

LISBON (RHneraJ -T-Hre Angolan guerrilla movement said Mandity • 

that government troops, directed by Soviet officers, have begun a mqeert* 

nim -rA sa V rtffaneniw mint'll a tnaatiMn aV f * - — * -‘ * 

the BAT 

aoti-rdjei offensive oiinading with a meeting of die foreign ministers 
nonaHgned countries tins week in Luanda, the Angolan capital. r . ■ 
The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola, known as 
UNITA, said in a statement distributed in Lisboa that 18 Angolan Army 
brigades, some with Soviet advisers, were operating against UNITA ’ 
strongholds in the east and southeast 

are taking part in operations against the 

UNITA that Sovot trocps 

For the Record 

met in the 
S. Gorbachev, Tass 


The French Cnmrarohif Forty leader. 

Kremlin Monday with the Soviet Leader, 

sa *^- . . — 
The death toll in Saturday’s raQ dbaster in France rose to 43 Monday 
wben a critically m/ured passenger died in hospital (AFP) 

Wee Kim Wee, 69, a former jouroafist and ^dooat, was swoorm 
Monday as president of Singapore. He was unanimously elected by' 
Parliament on Friday to the largely ceremo n ial post ' (AP) 

walk out if the other union were - residents twice because 


ated twice, 

some dements of which the opposi- 

even black leaders concerned that . lion Labor Party has indicated it 
sanctions could destroy the econo- might retain — or to preserve the 

my and make the country ungover- 

■ Possible Talks With Rebels 

South African business leaders 
are expected to make an announce- 
ment about a possible meeting with 
representatives of the outlawed Af- 
rican National Congress, Agence 
France- Presse reported Monday 
from Johannesburg. 

The financial newspaper, Busi- 
ness Day, said a list had been com- 
piled of leading South African 
businessmen who were expected to 

appearance of all-out opposition. 

In Mrs. Thatcher’s years in j 
er, the congress has lost 2.4 1 
members and now claims 9.8 mil- 
lion. Even that figure represents 50 
percent of the work force, far high- 
er than most Western countries. 


said Joy Mcflwam, 
oanagement spokes- 
woman for the Department of 
Community Affairs. Governor Bob 
Graham lifted all mandatory evac- 
uation orders Monday except for 
Escambia County. 

On Sunday, Elena suddenly re- 
versed course and headed north- 
west again at about 12 mph, and 
the National Weather Service im- 
posed a new hurricane warning mi 
the central Gulf coast just days 
after Lhe old one had expired. 

(AP, UPI) 

Mexico to Seek Renegotiation 

* future mucl 

r^tets why 


K avelythi 

** embraces 
S ar *sult.E 



(Continued from Plage 1) 
country with little more foreign ex- 
change than is needed to service its 

“We can no longer keep seeking 
more sacrifices from the people 
without offering them anything in 
return,” the country’s finaTim min , 
ister, Jesus Silva Hazog, told for- 
eign bankets in New York, as he 
signed the latest restructuring 

While the principal of Mexico’s 
debt has now been almost entirely 

Bible losses ( 
from exports 

risks in the face of i 
foreign, exchat 
tourism or in 

“creases in interest ratcis. 1 . 

According to members. ofthe in- / 
toramkrari 1 financial community; 
Mr. Suva Herzog already has be-., 
gun discussing such measures as ; 
“paaliang part of the interest on 
the foreign debt- — that is, adding it " 
to the principal amount of tire loan . 

to lower Mexico’s animal pay- 
ments, or obtaining guarantees mat 







sene - ,abi 


„ res. s, 


Ex-Aides Caution on Summit 

P. MTrmatail Cm f-M-T . ... 

the organization to rfiwiw 
South Africa's Future. 

^ Visiting 0^ 
New York City? 

Park Hotel 

Distinguished 500 room 
hotel with excellent 
Restaurant, Cock Uil Lounge, 
Room Service and Piano Bar. 
Overlooking Gramercy Park 
with newly decorated, 
comfortable rooms. 
Singles $85-95 
Doubles $90-100 
Suites $115-175 
Group rates and attractive 
monthly races available. 
Call Gen. Mgr. Tom O’Brien 
Td« 668-755 
21st St. and Lexington Ave. 
I- New York, NY, USA 10010 

(Continued from Page 1) 
dons, expressed the most 
mism concerning the summit. 

“The return to Geneva has beat 
an unalloyed Messing to the Soviet 
Union.” he.said, by allowing Mos- 

cow to put behind it two bad years 
in which it * * * - * 

was blamed for break- 

is moral and nuclear offense im- 

All said that the United States 
should continue research on strate- 
gic defense to protect against what 
they called “a Soviet breakout.” 

The problem, Mr. McNamara 
said, is that the administration’s 

interest payments are still viewed are estimated at 510 bKtoM 
as onerous m light of Mexico's fal- bffiontefoterest XiT® 

tetm^eccnonsc growth. 

down of the previous arms talks, plans for the Strategic Defense Ini- 

4 ■: u . ■_ . ■ tialiw u iuniiM him nt innlatins |]|g 

: problem of the foreign debt 
has been alleviated, but the solu- 
tion is not definitive,” Mr. de la 
Madrid said before a joint session 
of Congress. “The interest pay- 
ments are very Mgh and involve 

destruction of Korean Air Line 

Flight 007 and the attempted assas- 

sination of Pope John Paul EL 
Mr. McNamara, defense secre- 
tary in the Kennedy and Johnson 
adminis trations said the United 
States and the Soviet Union have 

switched positions since the 1967 

summit in Glassboro, New Jersey, 

with Mr. Reagan adopting the “dis- 

torted" view then argued by the 
Soviet Union that “nuclear defense 




Far Wwk t iwlwifc , Uh ti ptriwai 

Sand detotlad resume 
tor Ire* evaluation. 


600 N, Sepulveda Blvd* 
Las Angeles, California 
90049 , Dept. 23 , U.S A 

tialive “would have ns viol 

terms of the Anti-Ballistic 

Treaty very soon.” 

Mr. Scowerof t, who said he saw 

more long-term potential in space 

defense research than the others if 
it led to a world “with weaker of- 
fensive weapons and stronger de- 
fense,” said ne gotiation of such a 

transition in strategic power poses 
a challenge of mum greater magni- 
tude than the administration seems 

ready to undertake. 

He said there are at least five 
different concepts of the Strategic 
Defense Initiative, and the admin- 

istration has not by any means sort- 
ed out where it is gang. . 

TJe measures are not as drastic- 
as those announced by Peru's hew 
president, Alan Garcia Pfsrez, who 
unflaterafly limited his owntry’s 
debt payments to 10 percent -of its ■ 
,££ 8 !L earnin 8 s ’ frtt teve esseo- 

uauy the same inteait 

The Malting of Main Street 

(Continued from Page lj 

»-«-.***,*, srssrsasB'ss 

-* wtHkra and a string of thro smalt 

Unta recently, it was afl but holy **■ penpheral mails that - have 
wnt in the shopping center bust- j 5 mni 8Mpa the edge of the 123^ 
ness that the key to this pbenome- ac f & (49 5-hectare) complex ' B* 
non was size: Wg malls with long “hmts sprawling outward fcramt 

oonidors lined with lots hf stores to al ?' 

create and feed the shoppers appe- .J; 1 million square 

me. • icei (135,000 square metes) of 



OEfiRfE UsaynrKanpannuai 


* ■mui Mi wram i ~ 

SMB Md 0M 

NHugenm Sarput- Sort taw 

Ko Cut tntaOM 

213 - 271109 * 


Wttttfa BM 

, I* not two, not- 10, bet. 18 
shoe stores. “I caa’i bdreve 
*nxy one of them is makinga pro!»r 

“Kffla- fc ba«»- is dad, the HovS 
^- re6 K M Iw,U 1 fi™ nu? or^ 

The proof <rf that theory is repre- 

sented by the malls known as “su- 
per-regionals" with three or more, 
mjor depanaeax stores as “an- 
chor” tenants and more than 150 
shops and service outlets. 


QQtlMl BM • rwvLf* • _ a - . 

ntors, 190 other retail outlets.^ SSSSdSbSS 




yy lc ^\-js& 

Page 3 

^ km ^ 

Proposals on UiS Voting Act Hinder Challenges to Local Laws 

counties with a hiswi 
Washington W 1 ®«« obuin s 
a *nmistraiion haV h-Sl ®?® 8 * 11 2* de P artnicnt w *< 
™les for eirfr£,l e, S op ?? ncw pwi for ihe Distrid 
Rights Act Noting Wore they put ini 

more difTiailfftir rnikcn change in local decu 
^P«°$£dS£“! 1H “ s - Hk imposed new 

■ —- - comities with a history of discrinri- groups worse off if the Justice De- Committee for CivO Rights Under ... 

’ov Scnwe nation must obuun approvsl front partnKnt concludes that such **rct- Law and otters who say the «w place the burden of proof on the poniooment of the North Carolina 

h ^ 7” The Reagan the department or ttelLS. District regresaon" is unavoidable. rulis would weaken enforeemejiioi victims of discrimination, rather Legislature. Blacks filed suit to 

“ff devdopod new Court for the District of Columbis ' Attoracv General Edwin Mecsc voUng rights. . “an on the perpetrators" block Ok state plan, _ which was 

The new rules, he said, would the Supreme Court, involves reap* 

Ihe standards 
decidir- 05 ^ 6 P e P arttn *tU uses in 

Court for the District of Colombia ' Attorney General Edwin Mecsc voting rights. 

Wore they put into effect any 3d said the new rules, which are set Frank R. Parker, an attorney at 
change m local decuos laws. to go into effect at the end of the lie Joint Center for Political Stnd- 
The proposed new rules say that year, were needed to make the de- jes, a research institute that spectal- 
in certain cases, the person or paitraent's procedures conform bes in issues affecting blacks, said 
group opposing a. change in local with court decisions and changes in that shifting the burden of proof in 
election law wil bear the burden of the Voting Rights Act made by voting rights cases would be an 
proving that it results in discrinri- Congress in 1982. “extraordinary departure” from 

than on the perpetrators.' 

block the state plan, which was 

Justice Department officials said a PP f °y®^ hy the Justice Depart- 
the revised rules would be pub- °“E lin 

I * I i • i . ■ - f The nan* niW n<AuM «irrrtn> tho 

lishcd in the Federal Resnsier, The new rules would narrow the 

l. «»-%*- ■ . ° ■ ! n^i> f Inn* ir rt inhnN 

probably in November, and would wa i’ taw * Worced as it applies 

lake effect 30 days later. 

The new rules are not directly 

to special elections to fill vacant 
offices and to redistricting plans 

deciding n ^ k ? n : tinder currert rales, local However, the proposals have longstanding practice, *mcu aenaror Kooert J. Uole. a ‘The ndesav^chanaes or- 

changes m ?PP rove pffioala mastprovc that voting been vigorously criticized by the years, he noted, local officials have Kansas Republican, and nine other dcrcd b federal mdim nm 

nrnrmhiRu, oc “ c “ c * J °n laws and laws are not discriminatory. Leaeoe of Women Voters, the Mex- borne the burden of proving that a members of Congress filed a brief — ■ 

voung ngms «hu w ■“ a ■ ■ w ■■ prepared by local officials in rc- 

“extraordinaiy departure from related to the voting rights case m somse to coin orders, 
longstanding ^ practice, For 20 «&5^J.ftfe. ^ Sl^S^changes or- 

procedures. , 200 

Under the law, certain states and 

laws ace not discriminatory. League of Women Voters, the Mex- 
In addition, the new rules would ican American Le 
permit changes that makr minority Educational Fun 

iters, the Mex- borne the burden of proving dat a members of Congress Tiled a brie 
- Defense and proposed change was not dtscrixm- Friday opposing the Reagan ad 
the Lawyers natory. ministration. That case, now before 

subject to the requirement that they 

■- --a., .v 


i.- ,>t. 

Unties Say U.S. Is Easing Enforcement of Affirmative Action 

■ f wag™ ‘an- be cleared in advance in Washmg- 

mimstranon. That case, now before 

redistricting. the court either di- 


By Kenneth B. Noble 

N ™ ^ Times Service 

penalty for violating the federal has also declined from 4,336 in fis- . der secretary for employment stan- ten penalize well-intentioned busi- 
guiddmes on affirmative action. cal 1980, to 211 in the first ax dards and bead of uie compliance nesses. 

Nevj York Times Service gtutldmcs on affirmative action. r cal 1980, to 211 in the first ax dards and bead of toe compliance nesses. 

WACmwrrAv Critics point out that the Carter months of this fiscal year, accord- office, said reports that political Labor Department officials say 

ReaJan - - N . — While the administration used that power 13 - ing to statistics from the Labor De- appointees in the department bad number of companies reviewed 
Munmistratiou is movine times in four years. partment and Women Emoloved. sought to impede the agency’s en- by the compliance office each year 

recis local officials to adopt a new 
redistricting plan or chooses a plan 
from among several submitted by 
participants in the litigation. 

The Supreme Court has held that 

Landing Set 
For Shuttle 
As Satellite 
Fires Its Jets 

Edwin Meese 3d 

“ihe preclearance requirement o( 
the Voting Rights Act is applica- 

is movme 

toward relaxed requireinentson af- 
™«ive acxion lor federal con- 

mes in four years. 

Also, the number of administra- 

partxnent and Women Employed. 
“There’s been very weak en- 

sought to 

ons were “absolutely has more than doubled since the 

t^™* **® for federal con- tive complaints filed against com- forcement in the administration in false.” She said officials “are told Carter adminis tration, from 2,410 
oSedv S ’ 5i^ Depait ™ thas “e department, winch terms of any sanctions bang ap- that if they can make the case, we - m fi^ 1979 ^ 5 025 ^ ^ 

" r;: 

q“«ly made deqj arttedbin Us 
cnior cement effcaas, according to 

CIVlI nffnfe nm.«. . 

es the program involving 
cmixaciora, has declined 

plied,” said Nancy B. Kreiter, re- will go 10 the wall with it. 

■ »1 1 , HMAituunt UJ Miuuuwu/ia, iuu uvmumm u 

avu ngnts groups, economists and from S3 in the fiscal year 1980, to ployed. 

even C —e . 1 . ■ • in •_ -1 _ a- .. ■ _ r>i 

search director of Women Em- The White House staff has draft- 

year 1985. 

ble" in such cases when the redis- 
trictine plan was prepared by local 
ofiidals and reflects their “policy 

A spokesman of the Mexican 
American Legal Defense Fund said 
the proposed new rules would cre- 

wen some officials of the depart- 

18 in the first six months of fiscal She said under the Carter admin- 

Since 1968, under affirmative ac- 
tion, thousands of government con- 
tractors have been required by ex- 
ecutive order to hire and promote 
blacks, women and Hispanic peo- 
ple in rough proportion to the nnm- . 
DQ" of available, . q ualified candi- 
dates in a given labor market. 

1985, according to statistics com- istration, 13 companies were 
piled by Women Employed, an or- baited from doing business with 

ed ui order awaiung Praaidcnl ala a ^mgetous loophole” permit- 

Ronald Reagan's signature thar - **tig local governments to drenm- 

would (oSle iS Depart- *• ^emen.lor adduce 

ItlSSnSZ: clearance of redistricting plans, 
non repress nag 13.600 compa- Under ^ voting Rights Act, 

nies, said the increase m comph- local officials seelrin|apSovnl of a 
ance reviews bad had a substantial new declion lawSlbow that it 
positive effect on businesses. - does not have the purpose and will 

“They take those reviews sen- not have the effect" of discriminai- 
ously, and it keeps them on their ing against members of a minority 

Recently, the department de- 
barred a company from bidding on 
government contracts, tire ultimate 

Dyed, an or- barred from doing business with roent from using statistical evi- ■ ’~*~*'r* “ “^r 

ganization of working women the government. dcnce to measure contractors’ com- ■ 

based in Chicaga Department offi- “It’s possible,” she continued, pliance with general prohibitions anS reviews hadSfa ^bs^tia] 
ctals did not dispute the group’s “but it just doesn’t seem likely that against discrimination, which the - ■ . f ^ “amstantiai 
figures. all of a sudden there are a lot fewer department has for years used to P°^ive efiect on businesses. 

And the amount of back pay firms creating problems, unless hop assess whether contractors ‘They take those reviews sen- 
awarded workers in affirmative ac- they have different requirements.” were discriminating. ““ly. apd it keeps them on then 

*’ * - « ibstantially, “The message being sent to the Critics have characterized the af- loes * s “ said. 

BO, to about contracting community is that Urinative action requirements as However, there is no universally 

clearance of redistiiciing plans. 

tioa cases has_ fallen substantially, “The message being sent to the 

from $93 milli on in 1980, to about contracting community is that 
$2 million in the first six months of there's no longer anything to fear,” 

toes,” she said. 

However, there is no universally 

this fiscal year. The number of peo- she said. 

misguided and have said that they accepted measure of whether tire 
harm the intended beneficiaries, existing rules are working to pre- 

pie receiving back-pay settlements Susan R. Meisinger, deputy un- create needless paperwork and of- vent job discrimination. 

group. The new rules say the attor- 
ney general may approve changes 
that have an adverse effect on 
members of a minority group if the 
“retrogression" is “unavoidable.” 

A change is retrogressive, ac- 
cording to the Supreme Court, if h 
makes members of a minority 
group worse off “with respect to 
their effective exercise of the elec- 
toral franchise.” 

Laughlin McDonald, director of 
the Southern regional office of the 
American Civil Liberties Union, 
said: “There is no such thing as 
unavoidable retrogression. The at- 
torney general can always avoid it 
by objecting to a discriminatory 

The new rules say the attorney 
genera] will object to a redistricting 
plan if it results in a “significant 
reduction of minority voting 
strength." Likewise, the attorney 
general might otgect to a city’s an- 
nexation of surrounding territory if 
it causes a “significant reduction in 
a jurisdiction’s minority popula- 
tion percentage.” 

ne Associated Press 

— Mission Control in Houston 
told the astronauts aboard the VS. 
space shuttle Discovery on Mon- 
day that the $85-miUion U.S. Navy 
commnnications satellite that they 
repaired in space had fired its steer- 
ing jets on a command from the 
ground and appeared to be work- 

Earlier Monday a ground station 
checked out the satellite and found 
its batteries and other systems in 
working order. 

The Discovery is scheduled to 
land Tuesday morning at Edwards 
Air Force Base in California. 

The satellite's first real test is a 
rocket firing set for Oct 29, follow- 
ing weeks of testing. If successful 
the craft mil be propelled to a sta- 
tionary orbit above the Earth. 

Hughes Communications Inc. 
paid the U3. government S8.5 mil- 
lion for the salvage effort on the 
Syncom-3 satellite. 

If Syncom-3 works following the 
October firing sequence, insurance 
companies, which paid Hughes 
$84.7 million for the April loss of 
the satellite, will share revenues 
that Hughes receives from operat- 
ing it. 

Syncom-3 is one of a series of 
satellites that Hughes leases to the 
navy for global military communi- 

lodoy, more safety lor cars means 
more electronics. 

> And today, eiectronks in cars 
I means BMW. 

r t;> -y.-zL 


the BMW 
Ahfaag system. 

\ BMW recognised both the need and the 
potential forelectronics in the quality car of 
the future much earlier than any other 

And that’s why it’s hardly surprising to 
lepm that BMW exploits their ability to solve 
complex technical problems more com- 
prehensively than anyone else. 

And this doesn’t just apply to engine 
electronics or to advanced monitoring, 
warning and information systems. 

It also embraces the vital area of safety. 
And as a result, BMW has acquired a 
degree of know-how that ensures quicker 
and more reliable solutions to toriiorrow’s 
as well as today’s problems. 

One example of this extensive know-how 
is the field of sensor technology, which 
enables data on the numerous mechanical 
and thermal functions of a carlo be trans- 
lated and relayed as intelligible information 
to the car’s electronic control systems. 
Without the reliability and dependability 
»-!> of this sensor technology, many crucial « 
safety features, such as ABS anti-lock 
braking and the new Airbag system, would 
be inconceivable. 

automatically ww" 1 lggaresuM* 

The Airbag is the ideal, logical ^tension 
of a car’s seat-belt restraint system. ^ 

It ensures even greater protection forth© 

in the minutest fraction of a second 

. * qn millicAe.1. 

the danger erne 
contact w»h the steenng 

W h® e .k . nhuciral noise. 

And^ViTba^automaticalty deflates 

there’s no loss 

in driver vision. 

! ^ ri ^^rSi S fifeSav^g technology 


And to achieve complete dependability we 
don’t put our faith in just one sensor 
recognising the critical impact forces: the 
BMW Airbag system features 3 sensors. 
As a result, full system working order can 
always be guaranteed and any risk of 
malfunction is eliminated. 

In addition, a special back-up safety circuit 
takes over if the car’s main electrical 
system fails. 

Don’t trail behind technological pro g ress 
in international top-class motorin g. 

Drive BMW. 

Model and equipment availability In the BMW inter- 
national range may vary from country to country. 

1. Airbag Inflation time Is about 30 milliseconds for 
the bag's 75 litre capacity. 

2. The Airbag (consisting of housing hi steering wheel, 
padded cover, airbag, gas generator and ignition 

3. Diagnosis unit plus safety sensor (see also tech, 
illustration above right). 

4. Electronic impact sensors (teftflright) (see also tech, 
illustration above right). 

5. Automatic seat-belt stop system. 

BMW AG, Munich 



Page 4 




PrtlBhed THfaTbe Mew Y«it Tones «ad TV Wml iii pm . Post 

A Slep in the Right Direction 

Pres dent Reagan's refusal to grant Ameri- 
ca's down-at-heel shoe-makers new protection 
against imports will be received with modified 
rapture by the world. Protectionist forces in 
America are still gigantic. But rapture, howev- 
er limited, is scarce in the world today. The 
White House decision is heartening, 

A country in the vanguard of progress so far 
as high-tech products are concerned couki not, 
justifiably, seek artificial means to keep alive a 
low-tech industry wind) can hardly pay its 
workers a living wage by American standards. 
If people want to buy cheap shoes — and not 
all Americans can afford to be shod by Fifth 
Avenue specialists — it would be manifestly 
unjust to compel them to buy American, and 
therefore pay more, in the attempt to keep oat 
the cheaper products from Asia and Brazil To 
do so would discourage the ill-paid workers — 
a minute proportion of the labor force — from 
s eekin g productive occupations elsewhere. 

Temporary protection has been tried in the 
U.S. industry before. Nobody could pretend 
tha t man ufacturers used it as the pause that 

at lower cost (which woulJhave involved shed- 
ding labor anyway) or to move up-market. 

But the footwear decision is only a first 
move by the Reagan administration to repel 
new protectionism at home and journey back 
into the waters of free trade in which world 
prosperity was spawned after World War IL In 
the worst case, it could be reversed by congres- 
sional action. It may spur the sinister interests 
on Capitol HD1 to new and damaging attacks 
on the principle of free trade. This is not an 
instance where, in the words of an 1 8th century 
French blue-stocking, it is only the first step 
that counts. There are at least three other steps 

that need to be taken immediately. First, Mr. 
Reagan has to organize resistance against the 
plethora of protectionist bills pe ndin g in Con- 
gress. Second, the rest of the world has to agree 
to a new round of multilateral negotiations to. 
reduce existing trade barriers. Thud, and fun- 
damentally, combined action inside and out- 
side America 1ms to bring the dollar down 
from its unrealistic height 

If the dollar had not risen so far and so fast, 
most of die protectionist pre ss u res would not 
have arisen at all — even though the farm 
policies of Europe and the repeated failure of 
medium-income countries in Southeast Asia 
and t Jt'm America to relax their own trade 
barriers would have occasioned souk: justifi- 
able rumpus. Here we have to distance our- 
selves from Senator Lloyd Bentscn’s apologia 
for U.S. protectionism of Aug. 29 on tins page. 

Admitting the overvalued dollar argument, 
Mr. Benisen died a modest first crack at 
reducing it, but plaimad that further progress 
would take time: Why? There is nothing but 
politics impeding a reduction of the U.S. bud- 
get deficit which would free the road to a lower 
and more competitive dollar. It is disturbing 
when politicians support protection because 
the political horse jibs at the First fence. 

The footwear decision is a small step for 
America but an immense relief for beleaguered 
countries like Brazil who rely importantly on 
this low-skilled trade. These countries might 
now become more enthusiastic for free trade in 
general and (particularly in the Brazilian case) 
for domestic policies which reduce the risk of a 
new international debt crisis. There is much 
they can do to lend credibility to Mr. Reagan's 
crusade against protectionism in Congress. 


Pakistan’s Halting Progress 

General Mohammed Zia ul-Haq declared 
martial law in Pakistan eight years ago and is 
hesitantly trying to find bis way back to a form 
of governance that is somewhat democratic 
but lets the military keep ul timate control. If 
i his sounds inconsistent and implausible to 
Westerners, it is the sort of effort that defines 
the politics of many Third World countries. In 
Pakistan, the effort is not going well. 

Earlier this year the government carefully 
staged elections (b annin g the parties and lock- 
ing up the politicians), but still the supposedly 
lame parliament that was elected at once de- 
manded the lifting of martial law. The new 
prime minister promised, sort of, that it would 
be done by the end of the year. The leading 
civilian politician, Benazir Bhutto, 32, daugh- 
ter of President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, whom 
General Zia deposed and hanged, was plan- 
ning to return next year to join the new pro- 
cess. A brother's funeral, however, brought her 
back in August. Almost inevitably the funeral 
proceedings took on something of a political 
cast, and the extremely shrewd Miss Bhutto 
was promptly put under 90-day house arrest. 

thus ensuring world publicity for her cause. 

The military law administration in Pakistan 
can play extremely rough, but it is not withoui 
a capacity for subtlety. That makes it all the 
more surprising that General Zia is so slow to 
widen the political arena and allow others 
more play, it is unnecessary and unbecoming 
for a country such as Pakistan with a sophisti- 
cated political class to be kept in a military 
strait] acker. The Bhutto-led Pakistan People's 
Party, formally outlawed but informally quite 
alive, sees General Zia as the architect of its 
misfortune; he sees it as the subversive fence 
from which he rescued the nation. The history 
does not afford easy confidence about their 
developing relations. Nonetheless, the burden 
re mains on General Zia to manage the process 
of decompression from military rule. 

The American strategic partnership with Pa- 
kistan, especially visible in their joint support 
of the Afghan resistance, tends to keep the 
U.S. voice low in this matter. But America has 
an enduring interest in having a friendly Paki- 
stan move back toward democratic rule. 


Common Markets lor U.S. 

The trade agreement with Israd, which went 
into effect over the weekend, sets an interest- 
ing precedent for American policy. Tariffs 
now vanish altogether on some of the goods 
moving between the two countries, and on 
others they will be gradually peeled away over 
tiie next decade. By 1995 a common market is 
to exist between the two countries. 

Its importance will be primarily political, 
reaffirming the bond between them; ship- 
ments to and from Israd constitute less than 1 
percent of America's foreign trade, and expan- 
sion is limited both by distance and the size of 
the Israeli economy. But when Congress au- 
thorized the president to negotiate this agree- 
ment, it also had in mind the possibility of 
extending the same principles to larger traders. 

Like Canada. While it is hardly imminent, a 
North American common market is now a 
genuine possibility. When they met at Quebec 

last March, President Ronald Reagan and 
Prime Minister Brian Mnlraney agreed to have 
their specialists study it. 

If the agreement with Israel is largely sym- 
bolic in terms of the American trade pattern, 
any similar arrangement with Canada would 
beat the other end of the scale. U.S. trade with 
Israel, in both directions, came to $3.4b01ian 
last year. Trade with Canada was $1 13 trillion. 

Trade barriers along the border are low but 
are nevertheless not negligible. But the Ameri- 
can interest goes well beyond tariffs. As ser- 
vices become a larger part of American trade, 
the United States is increasingly anxious to 
establish agreements tbatgo well beyond the 
present focus on goods. Tne likeliest partner 
for a model agreement is dearly Canada, with 
an economy and a legal structure less dissimi- 
lar from America's than any other country's. 


Other Opinion 

Reagan: An Obstacle to Peace 

Diplomats from eight Latin American na- 
tions met in Cartagena, Colombia, recently in 
an effort to bring peace to Central America. It 
is a towering task because America seems 
willing to have its fight with Nicaragua bod 
over into regional war rather than talk with the 
Sandinists. The diplomats planned a series of 
initiatives designed to pressure the five major 

Central American countries, as well as the 
Uni ted States, into settling their political dif- 
ferences and border disputes peacefully. The 
so-called Conradora Group has tried for al- 
most three years to write a Central American 
peace treaty. As long as Mr. Reagan arrogant- 
ly presumes that he knows better than his 
Latin American allies do what is good for 
them, he will remain the obstacle to peace. 

— Los Angeles Times. 


1910: Roosevelt Calk for Strong Navy 
OMAHA, Neb. — Theodore Roosevelt made 
a significant statement both as to the value 
which he attached to great navies in maintain- 
ing peace and as to ibe use of the Panama 
CanaL “There is no use of a nation claiming to 
be a great nation unless it is prepared to play a 
great pan. A nation such as oars cannot possi- 
bly play a great pan in international affairs or 
have its voice as to the Monroe Doctrine or the 
management of the Panama Canal unless it 
has a strong navy.**' Mr. Roosevelt pointed 
with pride to the Panama Canal From rate of 
the plague spots of the globe, he said, the 
isthmus had been turned into a singularly 
healthful place of abode. “We now have 
a further duty, and that is to fortify it" Not 
to protect it, he said, “would be m essence 
treason to the destiny of the Republic.” 

1935: Italy Begins Ethiopia Invasion 
ADDIS ABABA — Invasion of Ethiopia by 
the Italians has begun, according to uncon- 
firmed reports from the north which reached 
here [on Sept. 2] One thousand Italian soldiers 
and 1,500 native troops crossed the bonier to 
the west of Assab in Eritrea. The tribesmen, it 
is further reported, are fleeing before the ad- 
vancing troops, abandoning their villages and 
flocks. Mass flight from the capital resumed, 
despite the Negus's proclamation that fugi- 
tives would be emprisoned and their property 
confiscated. The Emperor issued another 
proclamation which ended with the words: 
“Have no fear; there will be no war." In 
Geneva, French diplomats fear that any at- 
tempt to apply sanctions would drive Italy out 
of the League and into the arms of Germany, 
transforming the conflict into a European war. 


JOHN HA Y WHITNEY, Chairma n 195*1982 




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1981 International Herald Tribune. AU rights reserved. 


Deniability Principle Helps Kohl and Mitterrand 

W ASHINGTON — Bizarre spy scandals in 
West Germany and France demonstrate 
the terrible political damage done when intelli- 
gence agents go into business for themselves. But 
at least Chancellor Helmut Kohl and President 
Franfois Mitterrand can credibly deny that they 
had any advance knowledge. 

In America that sacred intelligence principle 
of “deniability” has been casually disregarded. 
President Ronald Reagan has brought into the 
White House a dirty tricks operation in Central 
America about which he knows next to nothing. 

The two cases making political headlines in 
Europe feature bottomless pits of unknowable 
detail But the gist of each affair is this: 

In West Germany a top counterespionage 
agent, Hans J oachim Hedge, defected to East 
Germany. In consequence virtually every impor- 
tant aspect of Bonn’s domestic and foreign po- 
lio/ has come up for grabs. The lies of Mr. Kohl's 
Christian Democratic Party with two coalition 
partners, the Christian Socialists and Free Dem- 
ocrats, are frayed. Mr. Kohl has to cover the 
apparent responsibility of his interior minister, a 
Christian Socialist, and his foreign minister, a 
Free Democrat. He has to resist a push by the 
Christian Socialist leader, Franz Josef Strauss, to 
enter the coalition government. 

In the process. West Germany’s ties with the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization and its aspi- 
ration for better relations with East Germany 
comes under more pressure. NATO allies are 
more than ever reluctant to put confidence in the 
Bonn regime. Allied suspicions make Mr, Kohl 
and many other West Germans more determined 

By Joseph Kraft 

to preserve their eastern policy, or ostpolitik. 

But Mr. Kohl has one priceless asset He has 
been saying that he had nothing to do with 
whatever locked off all the fuss. Fus lifesaver, in 
other words, has been the deniability principle. 

In France, security agents have been caught in 
an operation which sank a ship ferrying anti- 
nuclear protesters as it lay at anchor in New 
Zealand. The backwash has engulfed both for- 
eign policy and internal politics. A key dement 
of French foreign policy is the independent nu- 
clear deterrent or force de frappe. identified with 
de Gaulle. Maintenance of the independent de- 
terrent requires testing, which the French do in 
the South Pacific. The ship was to lead a protest 
by Greenpeace, the environmentalist group . 

Mr. Mitterrand's Socialist Party is furious 
with the president Party militants charge that 
Mr. Mitterrand has supported terrorism. They 
denounced a report commissioned by Mr. Mit- 
terrand, which partially cleared French intelli- 
gence of blame for the New Zealan d incident 

The French opposition, dominated by former 
supporters of de Gaulle, regularly in timates that 
the Socialist regime lacks stomach for the GauD- 
ist legacy, symbolized by the force de frappe. It 
blames the ship sinking an ineptitude at tne top, 
and rites a housed caning of the inteQigaice 
services carried out by Mr. Mitterrand in 1981. 

Mr. Mitterrand will probably soldier through. 
The report partially absolving the French secret 
services absolutely cleared the Mitterrand gov- 

ernment of hianw^ and pointed a suspicious 
fing er at British intelligence. It was written by a 
well-known Gaullist with abundant experience 
in the secret services. So both the opposition and 

the Socialists now have reason to poll punches. 

r, Mr. Mitterrand 

For like Mr. Kohl in Germany, — 

has had the danabQity principle going for him. 

Mi. Reagan, in sharp contrast, has jumped 
into the very thick of a dubious mteOfgence 
operation designed to prop up opposition to the 
San dinis t regime in Nicaragua. Tne operation is 
run, in detail, by a Maxine Corps officer an the 
staff of the National Security CounriL It is 
mixed up with tactical decisions involving ac- 
tions bordering on terrorism. It also helps pri- 
vate fund-raisers working in America ana other 
countries. Already it appears that one fund- 
raiser backed by the White House has defrauded 
the Internal Revenue Service. 

While Mr. Reagan cannot possibly have de- 
tailed personal knowledge of what agents are 
doing in his name, neither does he have anybody 
rise to blame if events torn sour. The courts have 
long since relinquished jurisdictian. The Can-' 
gross had a mandate in the intelligence oversight 
committees; but the committees virtually gave 
up after the administration attacked a ban on 
military aid to the Nicaraguan rebels as an 
example of softness on Communism. So Mr. 
Rea g an is in it by himself 

Intelligence operations, as the German and 
French cases show, tend to go from bad to worse. 
So Mr. Reagan’s barkers ought to want the dirty 
tricks out of the White House — pronto. 

Las Angela Times. 

China Is Mending Border Fences With Soviet Union 

B EUING'— Is America underesti- 
mating the extent of new rap- 
prochement between China and the 
Soviet Union? Is the Soviet Union 
persuading China to abandon its 14r 
year till toward the West? 

Those questions are raised by a 
series of events this year indicating 
that China's approach to the Soviet 
Union has changed considerably. 

Last winter, after the death of the 
Soviet leader, Konstantin U. Cher- 
nenko, China took steps to mend its 
fences with the Soviet Union. A high- 
level emissary, Vice Premier U Peng, 
was sent to Mr. Chernenko's funeral 
He carried a message of congratula- 
tions to tiie new Soviet leader, Mik- 
hail S. Gorbachev — the first cordial 
exchange between the world’s two 
largest Communist Parties in a quar- 
ter-century. Mr. Gorbachev respond- 
ed, in his first public speech, by call- 
ing for “serious improvement in 
relations” with China. 

Last month, for the first lime in 20 
years, a Soviet delegation visited Chi- 
na's Federation of Trade Unions, a 
move that European diplomats in 
Beijing see as a step toward possible 
resumption of ties between Lhe Soviet 
and Chinese Communist Parties. 

C h i n a has announced that border 
trade with the Soviet Union has in- 
creased sterply in the three provinces 
that adjoin the Soviet Union — Xin- 
jiang, Inner Mongolia and Heilong- 
jiang. Asian diplomats report that 
China and the Soviet Union have in 
the last year quietly opened travel 
lanes; China, for example, has begun 
to allow Uighurs and Kazakhs living 

By Jim Mann 

in Xinjiang to cross the border to visit 
their families in the Soviet Union. 

Moreover, China has been siding 
of late with the Soviet Union in dis- 
putes between the two superpowers. 
Although UJS. officials went to great 
length to explain the Strategic De- 
fense Initiative to Chinese officials, 
last month Deng Xiaoping, the Chi- 
nese leader, announced opposition. 
Then Lhe government-controlled Chi- 
na Daily ignored the American com- 

1960s, even as China and the Soviet 
Union were carrying tut an increas- 
ingly rancorous ideological dispute. 

Now, Washington seems stuck on 
what might be called the Henry A. 
Kissinger perception of Sine-Soviet 
relations. This view holds that the 
salient factor was not shared Com- 
munist ideology but nationalistic ri- 
valry; the two were unable to over- 
come a historic legacy of mistrust. 

In 1970, Mr. Kissinger told a group 


Moscow presentedby ailing UJS.'&jmet relations. 

plaint that the Soviet Union was us- 
ing chemical agents against U.S. 
diplomats in Moscow. 

American policy-makers have of- 
ten tended to categorize China in 
overly ample terms and then lock in 
those positions. Early this century, 
U.S. officials derided that the Kuo- 
mintang, or Nationalist Party, was 
the embodiment of Western demo- 
cratic values and they held to this 
view in the face of growing evidence 
of the Kuomin tang's loss of support. 

In the 1950s, after the Communist 
victory in the Chinese CivO War, the 
United States adopted Secretary of 
Slate John Foster Dulles’s view that 
China was inevitably a partner and, 
to some extent, a client of the Soviet 
Union. Mr. Dulles’s perception guid- 
ed American policy until the late 

of newspaper editors that Sino-Soviet 
conflicts had a “quasi-religious con- 
notation” and that thrir dispute was 
“the deepest rivalry which may exist 
in the world today” The Soviet 
Union, Mr. Kissinger wrote in his 
memoirs, had an obsession" with 
the “Chinese menace.” 

At the time, such perception made 
sense. When President Richard Nix- 
on and Mr. Kissinger arrived in the 
White House, they found China and 
the Soviet Union cm the brink of all- 
out war. There were border dashes at 
several prints along the frontier. Chi a 
couple of occasions, Soviet of ficials 
hinted consideration of a nuclear 
strike against China. 

But that was 15 years ago. Under- 
lying assumptions have changed. 
China and the Soviet Union are not 

nese call them, no longer seem quite 
so insuperable as they once did. Beij- 
ing and Moscow could simply set 
these aside while they upgrade their 
relations. At the very least, China has 
seized the opportunity presented by 
the friction between Moscow and. 
Washington to position itself for an 
age-old Chinese stratagem — playing 

off the barbarians against one other. 
Las Angela Times. 

The Stress 


• „ • 


By William Satire -7! 


Yt doves, ™ s 

the Soviet Union desp rtc slave Into ,.:; 
in the gulag, oppose moSOJHXNt, jr. 
cagagemein wfih South Afric$.: 
where repression is real toil at a far ^ 

lower order of ina 9 Bl S?L^ iaitjt — 
How can those hawks who raaat .<•: 

the Reagan State Department far 
fusing to use economic warfare- ,-..;- 
against the Soviet threat oppose^, ^ 
Serf economic levwage agamst^ie ^ 
whites in Pretoria who pmsue a po? ifL 
licy we consider repugnant? . . ? -;~*v 

non mvsboos s&omd attend •: 

cognitive oissoiuui^ j 

tmne to hold contradrctoiybehe6at r- ; 
the same time, try this: How. can.-.^'., 
defenders of fcraeTs light to Jndea v 
and Samaria, where the Arabs pm- . ; r 
number tiie Jews 10 to 1, call for“oae -\ 
man one vote" in South Africa, 
where the nonwbites outnumber, the ^ 
whites four to one? . . 

Part of the Axnenran agony 
policy toward Pretoria is~the cacno- • 
sore of internal inconsistencies. U.S. _ 
reactions are not neatly pro-- -,. 
crammed: the knee does not jerk. . 

But we need not sink into the sea of y 

Reverend Jerry 
Majority. We Americans do have to 
face the complexities of our chares: 

by examining a few of oar mnd=sets. . 

on the verge of war; their ideological 
differences are no longer as great as 
they were. Along separate paths, hot 
in ways not so different, both coun- 
tries are trying to overhaul, with in- 
centive schemes, socialist economic 
systems once wholly dependent on 
central planning 

Furthermore, 15 years ago the So- 
viet Union was moving toward de- 
tente with the United States and felt 
threatened most by OmuL Now, So- 
vietrlLS. relations have deteriorated 
and the Russians seem to fear the 
U.S. military bufldnp more than Chi- 
na’s Peoples Liberation Anny. 

To be sure, China and the Soviet 
Uxuot are not on the verge of becom- 
ing the closest erf friends. The Soviet 
Union still has an. estimated 53 divi- 
sions, 600,000 to 700,000 troops, on 
the Chinese border, together with 

mi soles and airmtff. 

China has said repeatedly that 
there are three impediments to im- 
provement in relations with the Sovi- 
et Union: the Soviet troops along the 
bonder, the Soviet invasion of Af- 
ghanistan, and Soviet support for 
Vietnamese troops in Cambodia. 

Yet these “obstacles,” as tiie Chi- 

Fust: What are our , 

We want the Russians to stow 
down their arms buildup, ea» up on. - - 
dissidents, and stop the export of 
Comnmmsfli We want the Smith Af- ; 
ricans to end apartheid, and graduate !. 
ly evolve majority rule without the,- 
usual African totalitarian takeoycL ' - 
We want Israelis and Arabs to waA. , -L 
oat, face to face, a form of autonomy - 
for Arabs Bving on IsraeTs West ^ 
Ttnnlc lanti. (Those are niy foreign 
policy goals; yours may differ.) 

Second: Do we operate on thebe- r. " 
lief that the end justifies the means/ '?' 
or that the moms become tiie ends? £ 
Neither, we have to operate in b ck ~ 
tween. In oor policy toward the Rua-'> ; 
sinus, *har means increasing ourhu- . ^ 
man rights pressure and maintaining*, jfr 
our arms parity — but, at the same . 
tfmi*, we must probe at mmmita 
for arms control agreements, . such l. 
as on-site inspection or “star wars” 
defense cooperation. . 

Similarly, in Sooth Africa, we can— ' 
not demand the release . of leaders * 
who call for the violent overthrow of 1 
the white government, fra that would - 
remit in a greater evil, as we have 
seen in Iran and in Nicaragua; at the 
«anie time, we most press for relief 
from apartheid and fra negotiations 
with black apostles ofuonvKdence .. 

In the Middle East, we have less of 
a moral, dilemma,, because we can 
urge democratic means— the offer of 
Isradira Jordanian citizenship to Ar~< . 
abseil Israel's side of the Jordan— -in 
of a good end, winch is a 
state in which an Arab 
minority has more freedom than any- 
where in the Arab wodd. 

This sort of on-the-other-hand 
stuff wholly satisfies neither the mor- 
aEsts nor the geo-cynics,. But it does 
have the virtues of consistency and . ife. 
moral differentiation. ■ ■ . ,-ff 

Third: Should we use economic 
pressure to accormhsh our goals? 

I say yes. The Reagan admimstrar 

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turn says no. Hypocrites say yes to ' 
one and no to the other “Spuarope 
to the Russians but pull our capital ^ 
out of South Africa” say the doves 
who are to tough on anti-Coaxmnxiist ^ 

Ol T Africa — fed the pinch 0 

Shoe Imports: Reagan Shows Courage and Wisdom 

W ASHINGTON — President Ronald Rea- 
gan’s dedsioa not to impose a quota on shoe 
imports was both politically courageous and eco- 
nomically correct. It was politically brave because 
public minion is becoming more protectionist, 
and the Democrats threaten to use (he trade deficit 
as the baas for attacking economic policies. 

But if the president had succumbed to the pres- 
sure to block the imports of lower-cost shoes man 
abroad, U.S. consumers and workers in other in- 
dustries would have been hurt and the world would 
have been one step closer to an aB-oui trade war. If 
Mr. Reagan can convince the American public that 
protectionist policies would actually hurt them , he 
and his allies in the Republican Party may benefit 
politically from the current confrontation. 

When Congress returns from its summer recess, 
protectionist legislation will be at the top of the 
agenda of many members. Several hundred pieces 
of protectionist legislation have already beat in- 
troduced that would impose quotas or tariffs to 
restrict imports to the United States, and many 
more bills are sure to come in the weeks ahead. 

It is not surprising that Congress is resp onding 
in this way to the pressure from companies (anti 
thrir employees) that compete with products from 
abroad. What is surprising is that America is 
getting so close to protectionist legislation without 
an eaually loud outcry from those who would be 
hurt oy such legislation. Not only would consum- 
ers be hurt by higher prices, but protectionism 
would also hart America’s export industries and 
our interest-sensitive industries ranging from ho- 
mebuilders to the manufacturers of business 
equipment and consumer durables. 

A tariff is a tax on imports, and automatically 

By Martin Feidfitein 
and Kathleen Feidfitein 

raises the price of the imported product A quota 
restricts the import of the foreign product and, by 
making it less abundant in America, allows im- 
porters to raise their price: It has been estimated 
that lhe proposed shoe quota would raise prices so 
much that consumers would spend more than 
550.000 for each extra American shoe-makmgjob. 

But protectionism is bad employment policy not 
because it is costly but because it is ineffective. A 

quota or tariff could increase employment in the 
protected industries, but it would have side effects 
that would reduce employment in other industries. 

Advocates of protectionist policies generally 
overtook that the imposition of a tariff or quota 
would cause the value of the dollar to rise, A 
strong? dollar would make UB. products more 
expensive to foreigners and would make it more 
harder for Americans to sell their products abroad. 

Exports would also be reduced in two other 
ways. First, imported materials are an ingredient 
in almost evoyU.S. ezport. An American exporter 
of machinery may use imported steel, while a 
fanner whose produce is exported may use im por t, 
ed chemicals. A tariff ra quota that raises the price 
of these imported ingredients increases the cost of 
U.S. exports and makes them harder to sdl abroad. 

Bui most imprataotly, foreign governments 
would not stand still if the United States imposed a 
tariff or quota that hurt their economies. Political 
pressures abroad would force these governments 
10 take retaliatory action that would not only hurt 
U.S. exports but could precipitate a major trade 

war that destroys the world trading system and 
start a worldwide recesskm. 

The second major group of companies and 
workers who would be hurt by the riae effects of 
tariffs or quotas would be in the capital-intensive 
and interest-sensitive sectors. To the extent that 
impart restrictions succeed in redodng tire UJ5. 
trade deficit, they would cause an equal reduction 
in the inflow of funds from abroad. Tire reduced 
inflow of foreign capital would mean a smaller 
pool of funds in the United States to finance 
housing construction ami outlays fra hngni^ 
plant and machinery. The smaller pod of funds 
would raise interest rates and thereby shrinir the 
de m a nd for all kinds of interest-seasinveproducts 

regimes; "Deity economic succor to 
Russians but keep dealing with the 
government in Pretoria whose policy 
is anathema to d£» «ty.-; 
hawks so tender to aShes who takeout ' 
help and reject UA gnidntw • . 

President Ronald Reagan is ail. 
least consistent: As he plans to veter 
sanctions against Pretoria, he sends' 
his agriculture secretary to Moscow- 
to beg for the chance to help a repres- 
sive regime avoid the anger of its • 
consumers. He does not tie aid to 
Israel to tire needed separation of 
politicians from the nxxuty-pQnting . 
press, nor does he defend Amrm 
from Japanese trade predations. ' : jjk: 

I would rage the opposite in eveiy : 
rase. The recent collapse of flrenmd ■: 
shows what simple capital nervous- - 
ness can do without disinvestment 
crusades or official U.S. 'economic 
pressure. If America wanted, it could ■ 
flex its muscle in ways that wodd 
make both major wodd gold piodno- 
ere — the Soviet Union and South 
Africa — fed the pinch of U-S. dis- 
pleasure. The argument that the...- 
United States would be hurting itself 
more is tong on Wanre-Ameoca-first 
and short on reaTworidiarL 

Wfaat of tire argument that eco- 

more recalcitrant? That may be^true 
at first, hot it -is untrue in the long 

ran, provided America has tbe pa- 1 . 
fij-nce and the will to pursue its goals. 
The first step is to stop thinking of 
America as helpless. :• 

Keep tins handy to defeat- 
the stress of cognitive dissonance. A A 
foohsh consistency may be the hob* Wl 
SoMin of fittk: minds, but Emetson • 
nc ver knocked a smart consistency.. 

‘ The New Yorffc Times. - 

— ————a ^ wwsBUMiu appliances, 

as well as business machinery and construction. 
The result would be a big fall m emplqymaiL 
Now that protectionism has become a dear amt 
imminent dange; it is crucial for those who would 
be hurt to let Congress bear from thezn: consum- 
ers, exporters, Grntfin interest-sensitive industries, 
and thor employees. Perhaps if enough rfSose 

uxsosaves beard, tire U5. pofiticaj system re* 
spOTd and crop its flirtation with proteefionisn. 

J--V way M, reduce the Ui trade deficit 
and achieve a healthy, balanced racovwv ktn 
reduce the butodegSt, which is tireSS&Stf 
Amenra’s trade problem. Despite congresiaS 
action to date, future bud^ffiats^SS' 
“danced recoWCc^ 

gress should stop wasting time with dangerousand 

inappropriate unde nostrums and turn itTSten- 
tion to the fundamental problem, 3001 

The Washington Post 

Soviet ^ Threat? 

-v/ *7 immus rOWq3; J , - . 

Jlmisnothmg novel in MlPow- 
ms discovery that -grown men* am 

men m the West have 
JTOp been remote from Jntema- 
JOMi affairs, being more occopuL 
immediate urt^resT" 1 

StSJ faraway country with dire 
i°L tie prifocalfy 0Kfr 
erate masses of Eonope and beyond 

- ' LIONEL BLpQEt : 


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« SRirj;. - ; 

ttltli' in -4 „ • 1 ' 


l« = 


Page 5 


? ?ft s»aa , u 


acas5j ; ^Jj 



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for tbe d 9^u n J^ cd ^ boal 
the bairLh; \? rcmon >' aboard 

^t p g “«s 

be fi/SajS/ 8l^c could 
« me table, covered with 
^^baize, on which the surrender 
‘"gMWttte waited to be *&&*& _ 
^lore from the ship’s crew, in 
states, straddle* the barrels 


ne^ 1 a ^i!^ ccased “ *e Japa- 


’s Surrender: A Symbol of U.S. Power and Japanese Impotence 40 Years Ago 

The very presence at anchor in 
Tokyo Bay of the Missouri, on 
whose open quarterdeck the sur- 
render ceremony took place on the 
morning of ScpL 2, 1M5 —it was 
still SepL 1 in the United States, 
east of the international daidinc— 
was a powerful symbol of Japan's 
impotence and America's might 
In the eerie s*«nng« that envel- 
oped the scene, it seemed to take a 
Jong time for the Japanese to march 
the few yards to their assigned 
places facing the surrender table: 
They wen: Foreign Minister Mi- 
moru Shigeanusu and his two civil- 
ian aides in formal morning dress 
of top hat, cutaway coal and 
striped trousers, and the six officers 
of the Imperial Armed Forties in 

uniform with boots and gold braid, 
Mr. Shigemitsu. who had a 
wooden leg as the result of a terror- 
ist bomb in Shanghai years earlier, 
walked with a Krop and leaned on a 
cane. He and his companions 
looked straight ahead, their faces 

The hostility on the faces of the 
hundreds of silent watchers had its 
effect on the Japanese, although 
they did not show it at the time. 

* “I felt that I was being subjected 
to the torture of the pillory.” Toshi- 
kazu Kasc, who was Mr. Shiganit- 
su's secretary, wrote in a memoir 25 
years later. 

The unfriendly stares seemed to 
“sink into my body with a sharp 
physical pain,” he said. 

j? u,w S>:’ 

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MacArthur^ Office Still Intact 

By Clyde Habetman 

Tf\v V rv NeW YOrk 7Vna &rrt * w 

T 1 ? a sturd y stonc bwlding across the 
street irom the Imperial Palace, one must ride up 

£^fi? ne L and then walk down a long corridor to 
und the office from which General Douglas Mac- 
Arthur once presided over Japan. 

It is not m especially elegant room, nor one that 
s P~ ts of power. But it does whisper money, as 
might be expected inside the head offices of a 
major insurance company, Dai-Idri Mutual Life. 

The room has inlaid wood floors and soft pic- 
tures of fishing boats hang in g from the 
Walls. In one n ni r iw !c the miMl 1 , n U 

. » uivjbubiu a tnu giccai uiiiui, 

long faded. His desk, simple a nd scratched, sits in 
the center. 

A bronze plaque on the wall attests that for 
nearly six years after the Japanese surrender in 
World War D, General MacArthur used the room 
for his office as supreme commander for the Allies. 

In a sense, postwar Japan was created in that 
room. The b uilding was appropriated by the Unit- 
ed States in 1945 as headquarters for its occupa- 

tion forces. From there came the political, econom- 
ic and educational reforms that helped rebuild 

Hot many visitors come to look at the MacAr- 
ihur room, said a Dai-Icfai official, Naomlcfu 
Dofci. It is largely forgotten, much like (he start of 
the American occupation 40 years ago this week. 

On Sept 2, 194S, aboard the battleship Missouri 
in Tokyo Bay, Japan formally surrendered to Gen- 
eral MacArthur and other Allied military leaders. 

But in this year dominated by 40ih-anniversary 
commemorations, Japan seems to have grown wea- 
ry of the focus that foreign press ana television 
organizations have given to its defeat. 

For many weeks it was willing, even eager, to 
talk about how it suffered in August 1945, first at 
Hiroshima, then at Nagasaki. As in most years, a 
lot was said by Japanese politicians and commen- 
tators about the country’s nuclear agony. 

But the postscript, that the long-ago August was 
followed on Sept- 2 by total surrender, has been 
ignored, with no mention of it in political discus- 
sions or in the major newspapers. 

Pol Pot Retired, Khmer Rouge Says 

** :-V‘; 

• - i 

‘ — %_.z 


SINGAPORE — The Khmer 
Rouge guerrillas, who have been 
fighting to bring down Cambodia’s 
government, said Monday that 
they had replaced Pd Pot as their 

militar y commander 

O fficials from naorConsnunist 
7 countries in Southeast Asia called 
the move a positive step toward 
ending the Cambodian conflict. 

Vietnam has demanded the re- 
moval of Pol Pot, who is widely 
blamed far the deaths of hundreds 
of thousands of Cambodians dur- 
ing a four-year reign that ended in 
1979 with Vietnam’s military inter- 
vention. Vietnam has an estimated 
160,000 to 180,000 troops in Cam- 

The Khmer Rouge, with approx- 
imately 35,000 guerrillas,' is the 
dominant Taction -M' tbe^gtierrifla’ 
coalition- The sccCrad-largest group 
is tb£ Khmer- PeopfcY NatiqmS 
Liberation Frenti-led by Sim-Sanni • J 
which has ! 17,000'' Gghtm. The j 
third gFoiq> is led by the. former 
Cambodian chief of state,' Prince 
Norodom Sihanouk, and has 8,000 

Khmer Rouge radio, monitored 
in Bangkok, said that Defense Min- 
ister Son Sen would succeed Pol 
Pot, who had reached the retire- 
ment age of 60. 

It said that Mr. Pd Pot had been 

lied chairman of a technical 

ice for national defense, a post 
designed to “observe, deliberate, 
explore and summarize” defense 

A Thai* official said that the 
Khmer Rouge decision would re- 
move a serious obstacle to peace 
talks among the waning factions. 

“At last we see at the end of the 
timnel some light,” said the Thai 
foreign minister, Siddhi Savetsila, 
who was in Singapore for a two-day 
visit. He said that Mr. Pd Pot’s 
removal would leave Vietnam with- 
out an carcase for continuing its 
military presence in Cambodia. 

Officjafat of ’(Kb "Association. of . 
Southeast Asian Nations said the 
Khmer Rouge guerrilla army was 
not expected to be affected % Mr. 
Pd Pdfs departure, which ap- 
peared to be voluntary. 

“If his replacement was intended 

to improve the coalition, then it 
might just achieve that objective," 
one official said. “Hand would 
have no more excuses not to start 

In Malaysia, the deputy foreign 
minister, Kadir Sheikh Fadzir said 
that Cambodian leaders “are now 
preparing to put aside their person- 
al feelings and interests for the wid- 
er national interest” 

Some Western diplomats, how- 
ever, were skeptical about whether 
Vietnam could be convinced that 
Mr. Pd Pot had taken a lesser role. 

One called his retirement “just 
another move in a chess game.” 

Hand has not yet commented on 
the leadership change. 

The Association of Southeast 
Asian Nations, which includes 
Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the 
Philippines, Singapore and Brunei, 
recently proposed the talks be- 
tween the guerrilla coalition on one 
side and Vietnam and the Cambo- 
dian government on the other. Ha- 
nd has refused to negotiate with 
Mr. Pd POL 

( U.S. Diplomat Cites Nuclear Fears in Pacific 

• « ... ..... - ... i « .-j i__ 


Guinea — Paul D. Wdfcwitz, the 
UJ5. assistant secretary of state far 
East Asian and Pacific affairs, ac- 
knowledged Monday that the Unit- 
ed States bore some responsibility 
for anxieties in the Pacific about 
nuclear arms and waste in the re- 

Mr. Wolfowitz, who is ambassa- 
dor-designate to Indonesia, said at 
the end of a three-day visit to Par 
pua New Guinea that the United 
States understood the Pacific's nu- 
clear concerns but was also con- 
cerned with preserving peace in the 


“Certainly we have a lot of sym- 
pathy,” he said, for worries “over 
the spread of nuclear weapons and 
radioactive waste dumping” 

Mr. Wdfowitz added, “In fact 
we are well aware that it was our 
own actions” in atmospheric nucle- 
ar testing “in the early 1950s when 
we did not really realize yet what 
such tests could do, that caused a 
lot of concerns in the region.” 

He said he understood the fears 
expressed last month in the South 
Pacific Forum’s Treaty of Raroton- 
ga, in winch eight countries de- 
clared most of the South Pacific a 
nuclear-free zone while allowing 

visits by nuclear-armed or nuclear- 
capable ships and aircraft. 

He said the treaty took account 
of the peoples’ feelings but made it 
possible to provide for security in 
the region. 

Chicago School Strike Urged 

United Press International 

CHICAGO — The Chicago 
Teachers Union’s House of Dele- 
gates voted overwhelmingly Mon- 
day to reject the latest wage in- 
crease offered by the school board 
and recommended that 28,000 
union teachers vote for a strike. 


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Among those looking on coldly 
were about 100 high-ranking 
American and other Allied officers 
assembled from around the world 

They included General Arthur R 
PerrivnL the British commander 
who had surrendered at Singapore, 
and General Jonathan M. wain- 
wrighL the American who had sur- 
rendered (he Philippines to Japan. 

Both men bad just been released 
from prisoner-of-war camps. 

Nature appeared to cooperate. A 
low cloud layer obscured the sun, 
making the morning unseasonably 
cool. And no rain dampened the 
spectacle, although September is 
Japan's wettest month. 

After “The Star Spangled Ban- 
ner” was played over die ship’s 
loudspeaker system. General 
Douglas MacArthur appeared on 
deck. Unlike the other officers, be 
wore no decorations on bis khaki 
shirt, whose collar was left unbut- 
toned in the style of the UJS. Pacific 

He stepped to the microphone 
behind the table and announced 
sonorously, reading from a sheet of 
paper held in a hand that trembled 
slightly: “We are here to conclude a 
solemn agreement whereby peace 
may be restored." 

When General MacArthur fin- 
ished his short preamble, be beck- 
oned to Mr. Shigemitzu to come 
forward and sign the two surrender 
documents, one for the Allies and 
one for the government of Japan. 
The foreign minister, taking a chair 
provided for him, affixed bus signa- 
ture to both documents. He was 
followed by General Yoshijiro 
Umezu. the army chief of staff, 
who disdained the chair. 

General MacArthur, who signed 
next as supreme commander for 
the Allied Powers, used five pens. 
He scratched a few letters of his 
name with the first pen, then hand- 
ed it to General WainrighL stand- 
ing behind him. He repeated the 
procedure with the second pen, 
which he gave to General Perrival. 
The others were saved for presenta- 

tion to West Point, the Naval 
Academy at Annapolis, and Gener- 
al MacArthur's wife, Jean. 

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nim- 
itz signed for the United States, 
followed by the representatives of 
China, the United Kingdom, the 
Soviet Union, Australia, Canada 
France, the Netherlands and New 
Zealand. The surrender instrument 
Tor the Japanese archives was 
handed to Mr. Shigemitzu who 
passed it to Mr. Kase. 

At this point the orderliness of 
the proceedings suddenly broke 
down. Mr. Kase. about to put Ja- 
pan's copy of the surrender docu- 
ment in the black leather briefcase 
that he bad held under his left arm 
throughout, glanced at it and no- 
ticed that the Canadian delegate. 
Colonel L. Moo re-Cos grave, had 
signed beneath the name of his 
country instead of on the proper 
line above. 

The mistake had been repeated 
by the delegates from France, the 
Netherlands, and New Zealand. 

A colloquy ensued while puzzled 
spectators wondered what was go- 
ing on. Finally. General Richard K. 
Sutherland, General MacAnhur's 
chief of staff, took the document 
and spread it on the green table. 

With bis fountain pen he careful- 
ly drew two straight lines through 
the names of the countries above 
the four misplaced signatures, then 
wrote them in bdow, where they 

General MacArthur stepped to 
the microphone again and de- 
clared. in an even voice: “These 
proceedings are now closed.” 
World War li was over. At that 
moment the sun broke through the 
overcast, as if on signal bathing the 
scene in bright warmth. 

As the Japanese were leaving the 
ship. General MacArthur was 
heard to say to Admiral William F. 
Halsey, whose flagship was the 
Missouri: “Bill where the hell are 
those airplanes?” 

He had barely finished asking 

Sept. 2, 1945: Aboard the battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay, a U.S. officer (Erected 
Japan’s foreign minister, Minoru Shigemitsu, to his place before the ceremonies. 

the question when, again as if on 
cue. there was a droning in the sky 
that quickly became a thunderous 

Fifty giant B-29s and several 
hundred fighter planes, flying in 
perfect triangular formation in lay- 
ers one above another almost to the 
clouds, dipped low- across the ship. 

A spectator who bad witnessed 
the attack on Pearl Harbor was 
reminded of the Japanese air arma- 
da that had swooped over Ameri- 
can battleships at anchor on anoth- 
er Sunday morning three years, 
eight months and 25 days before. 

The writer of this dispatch covered 
the Japanese surrender ceremonies 
aboard the battleship Missouri as a 
correspondent for The New York 

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Page 6 


West Timor: Poverty and dear Blue Seas 

Terrain and Climate Conspire to Make One of World’s Poorest Islands Poorer 

By Barbara Crossctte 

New York Times Service 

a h-S? ferns, and a similar land have dtf- particularly the Balinese cow, also by Indonesia's Javanese rna- 
CailK here Iran Banr said a disbe- - . I . A...*.!:... .... M inriiv Md ite mnre artubcallv ad. 

of comparison for visitors to the tion of rice and other food for its are distinctive cultures in Timor 
island. Here s imilar T imore se peo own consumption. Western Ti- that Some fear could be swamped 
pie, Christians in a nation, of Mos- mar's main export hope is cattle, too easily, not only by the West but 

lieving resident of this place. 
“What for?" 

ferent histories but some of the which Australians are breeding on jority and its more artistically ad- 

same problems. 

a model ranch in the hills southeast vanced civilization. 

“My main problem?” Governor of Kupang. 

This is the poorer end of one of Mboi mused. “When there are Even one cow is a huge invest- 

Mr. Pah, a retired teacher, and 
hie wife, Suzan, who works in the 

’ the world's poorest and most re- gg many main problems, there is no meat for a farmer m, western 11- local military hospital, may be the 
mote islands, Timor, whose pover- main problem.” mor, where the animat per capita world’s expats on the music of 

ty is enforced by a cruel terrain and 
climate. Not even Kupang’s Ferris 
wheel or its Mona lisa coffee- 

Mr. Mbd, a European-educated income is about $165 and people Timor. Serna] years ago the Ford 
sician from the island of Flores, exist on the edge of sufficiency. Foundation gave Mr. rah, who was 
invited the foreigners in town Serious food shortages are avoided, bora on the idand of Rotua grant 

house, a good restaurant by any- to jean a 50th wedding anni versary the governor said, only fr yppre of to preserve the s asando from ex- 

m i m n(wth that J . # .i i n -_I r V— ■ ■ , . .■ 

; one's standards, seems worth that p^j^y f OT the former Rajah of Ko- and 

kind of detour. 
As for the uni 

pang and his wife. 

ted sea of dear Western Timor suffers most elsewhere. 

systems to distribute sup; 

aquamarine, the townsfolk turn from a scarcity of water, the gover- To be sdf-suffirieni in food in 

their backs on it, in the manner of nor said, adding that two years ago the rocky terrain, a rural famil; 

other island 

who take for there was no rain for 13 months, would have to work seven 


Traditionally, a sasando was a 
10-stringed instrument: a circular 
playing surface made of a length of 
bamboo mounted in a sound box 
f ashio ned from the broad leaf of 

granted wbat foreigners find The soil is thin and poor. Per capita acres (2.8 to four hectares) of land, the lontar palm. 

breath taking. 

aid from the government in Jakarta Mr. Mboi said. The average family 

But Kupang has a special inter- to the nearly 3 million people in the has about four-fifths of an acre. 

est. It is the capital of the Indone- province is only a fraction of wbat 
sian province of Nusa Tenggara is sent to East Timor. 

Mr. Pah now has a 32-string elec- 
tronic version made in Australia of 

Timur, which includes the western 

end of Timor island and a coupled rapidly to remove the economic dude the most basic necessities; instrument alive, 

hundred other islands. 111 of than causes of a guerrilla insurgency, to grains and beans, spices, cheap when he is not traveling around 

inhabited. This “other Timor” has justify its seizure of the former Por- dothing and plastic pans. No paper Indonesia* or in Australia or Eu- 

not received the international at- tnguese territory and, in the words products, no insect repeDant, few ^ Pah sometimes gathers 
ten tion accorded to neighboring of several officials, “to overcome medicinal items and no locally hiT f aimT v of six children and two 

Tam nihSnk immrTurl A/VI mere erf Da kPliuiiioea niarilnrt ** nuMim A gilA j .... 

The paucity of economic re- plastic and wood, an updating that 
sources is iQukrated in Kupang’s docs not seem to concern him, awe 

Jakarta is developing East Timor sprawling market The wares in- he welcomes any effort to keep the 

sic of rapidly to remove the economic dude the most basic necessities; 
than causes of a guerrilla insurgency, to grains and beans, spices, cheap 




■ v ■ ■ ; ■? v. 



mum / 




Eduard Pah and Us wife, Suzan, are 


ft* ii- : 

The New YoHi Timm 

afists on -die . 

The other was made in Australia from plastic and wowL 

mhabited. This “other Timor” has justify its seizure of theformer Por- 
not received the international at- tnguese territory and. in the words 



East Timor, which Jakarta invaded 400 years of Portuguese neglect’' 

and annexed nearly 10 years ago. The land ii 

Western Timor, part of Indone- the western part of the island. East 
sia since the creation of the Repub- Timor grows fine coffee to sell and 

woven doth. A country wearer ex- daughters-in-Jaw around him for a 
plained that doth was produced ^morose jam session, complete 

lie of Indonesia in 1950, is a point is steadily expanding its produo- 

only in necessity because tire mate- ^ Rodnese dancing, 
rong, the woman said. and then drifts mtoa Western tune. 

Rebels Open New Batdefront in Central Nuxatiguar 

1 V * »r . ifinuou ... . . . 

Timor, mostly the east, but also “Tbe.bte of CfPg 18 °* her 
to a smaller degree the western end, fawn to. But before the evaung 

was once a destination for Aostra- Mr. ^ ^ ac * c 10 ^ a * B - 
Han vacationers. But tourism ended “Before yon leave Kupang,” he 
with the civil wtir in East Timor in says, “let us sing you a Rod song of 
the mid-1970s fand has never re- farewell.” 


“I do not believe too much in 

Bombs Damage 

hoteL It wfll have 144 rooms “of i-i. 

international standard” looking Ju LOIUpUtiCr I ITIUS 
down on a grassless hill to a small . * 

beach whose limestone underpin- Jn W PSf ( if.i matlY 
nings are being gradually depleted • 

hv h-vino tn mnlce a The Asso ci ated Press 

Namibia's new independent newspaper aims 
to inform, to reflect the aspirations of the 
majority of Namibians and contribute to the 
training of a skilled press corps. 

Co-operation for Development is a British 
based private voluntary organisation 
supporting multi-media training programmes 
in Namibia and Southern Africa. 

m'ngc are being gradually depleted 
by local people trying to make a 
living by selling aggregate rock. 

“I figure by the time the hotel is 
finished, there will be no beach 

DORTMUND, West Germany 
— Bombs caused more than 51 

mjlli on in damage Monday at two 

left,” a local resident said “But at West German computer military 

least there wiD be a paved road.” 
If tourism is ever to take off. 

contractors, one of which does 
business with the U.S. Army, offi- 

Helping to support self-reliance and 
independence in the third world through 
grants, loans and knowhow. 

Governor Mboi says, it wfll depend rials said The police said there 
on Bali, which now is so developed were no injuries in the two attacks. 

By Stephen Kinzer 

New York Times Service 

gua — U-S. -backed anti-govern- 
ment rebels appear to hare opened 
a new battlefront in the central part 
of Nicaragua, where eight months 
ago the war was something local 
residents only read about in news- 

Residents in the region, Boaco 
and Cbon tales provinces, said that 
Sandinist helicopters periodically 
bombard rebel positions in the rag- 
ged hills around their villages. 

They said that squads of the 
guerrillas, known as contras, had 
descended on several villages, 
where they killed or kidnapped lo- 
cal S andinis t leaders and military 
recruiters, and convened political 
meetings for local residents. 

“Nobody really knows where the 
contras are,” said a shopkeeper in 
La Libertad, where the Popular 

via, Madriz, Esteli, Jinotega and 

The Nicaraguan Democratic 
Force recently began supporting a 
small band of guerrillas fighting 
near the Costa Rican border, but 
they are not connected with those 
in the central part of the country. 

The forces in Boaco and Chon- 
tales are believed to Ik regulars 
who receive supplies and other sup- 
port from bases along the Hondu- 
ran border, which is 150 miles 
(about 250 kilometers) away. 

Although the guerrillas hare car- 
ried out some dramatic «wai-drs ; 
they do not appear to threaten gov- 
ernment control of populated ar- 
eas. Their pattern has been to 
sweep into lightly defended villages 
and then escape before Sandinist 
reinforcements can arrive. 

supported by aircraft including So- 
viet Mi-24 helicopter gunships. The 
rebel force has no comparable 

Defense Minister Humberto Or- 
tega said recently the combined 
Sandinist military force amounts to 

100.000 troops, although Western 
diplomats put the figure between 

110.000 and 130,000 including 

30.000 draftees. Fony percent erf 
the national budget is earmarked 
for defense. 

Mr. Martinez, is said to owdhisV ; 
pop ulari ty largely to the fact that; 
he is a native of Cuapa. Sandmist;- 

activists assigned from other areas;* ,- 
to govern the town, however, -were - Jp:' 
given no chance for repricvCu-TbCT;!...?.- 
were marched into the woods aha 

The official Sandinist newspaper 
Barricada said that 12 persons were • 

“The contras derided to begin - 
qperating here for two it»sans,V v 
said a local cattleman. “First, the 
terrain is ideal for them. Second, 
the campesinos in the mountains ; 
are often sympathetic to them;*' ~ T 

to residents, religious 
jthers who travel reg- 

and overcrowded that people look- 
ing for a real place to get away 

The first bomb exploded at 3 
A.M. in the Mathematischer Bera- 

Sandinist Army maintains a sizable 
force backed by armor and aitil- 

might be persuaded to drop in on tungs-und Pmg rammteningsflienrt 

if you want to help* please write to: 

Terry Lacey* 

Kupang. buildinj 

Kupang's new hotel will be said. A 
called the Sasando. A sasando is a ny said 

building in Dortmund, the police 
said. A spokesman for the compa- 
ny said that the company had sold 


Co-operation for Development, 

21 Germain Street, 

Room No.1232, 

Chesham, Bucks, HP5 1LB. 
Telephone: 0494 775557 
United Kingdom: 44 494 775557. 

musical instrument, harplike in a computer program to the UB. 
sound, that has been played in the Army. “We cannot rule out that 

region since the 15th century, our programs could be used for 

Eduard Pah says. 

Because of the largely Melane- 

military purposes,” he said 
Eighteen minutes lata, a bomb 

sian roots of Timorese, and the rocked the building housing the 
influence of the Portuguese, who Scientific Control Systems GmbH 

came to the country in-the 16th 
century, ahead of the Dutch, there 

company in the northern port dty 
of Hamburg, the police said ' t 

force backed by armor and artil- 
lery. “But I think we're surround- 

In Juigalpa, a man shopping for 
insecticide at a farm supply store 
said that the situation in the area 
was “completely different” from a 
year ago. 

“It’s always been calm out here,” 
be said. “Now we feel like we’re in 
the middle of a war ” 

The rebels who operate here are 
members of the Nicaraguan Demo- 
cratic Force, which is based along 
the country’s northern border with 
Honduras. Until recently, the force 
concentrated its efforts almost ex- 
clusively in the country’s five 
northern provinces — Nueva Segp- 

The insurgents have not been 
able to take important towns such 
as Santo Domino) because of the 
effectiveness of Sandinist defense 
forces. Government troops, who 
enjoy considerable numerical supe- 
riority, move constantly through 
the mountains. When they detect 
guerrilla units , they call in' air and 
artillery strikes. 

Government troops are 
equipped with long-range artiDery 
of Soviet manufacture. They are 

workers and others who travel reg- 
ularly through this region, guerrilla 
troops began to filter into Boaco 
and Own tales in December. Since 
then, they have built a force that 
local observers believe numbers at 
least 1,000 men. 

Rebel squads regularly stop bus- 
es on the road between Juigalpa, 
the capital of Cbon tales province, 
and the trading outpost at Rama. 
According to many accounts, the 
guerrillas take away passengers 

11 Puerto Ricans; 
Ordered to Trial . 


dressed in military uniforms »nri 
any whom they beneve are security 

There is no other principal road 
in Nicaragua where guerrilla forces 
are able to operate in this manner. 

When guerrillas attacked the 
town of Cuapa at the beginning of 
August, they overran a small army 
garrison and summoned residents 
to the town square. 

They asked townspeople their 
opinion of their Sandinist-apporat- 
ed mayor. Hoflman Martinez, and 
were -told that Jbe; was respected. 
The guerrillas- carried.him.riS)> bra 
released him unharmed aTew hours 

6 Killed in Kansas Gty Fire 

United Pros International 

KANSAS CITY, Missouri —Six 
-persons died and six were injured 
when fire swept a three-story, 
downtown apartment b uilding ear- 
ly Monday. 

The Associated Press 

SAN JUAN, Pudto Rico .^A 'V 
UJS. magistrate has ordered that IT . 
Puerto Ricans charged in conneo-'^. J 
tion with a $7-million Wells FargO_^ 
robbery be sent to Connectieuttq - j? 
s tand trial '•'• 

U.S. Attorney Daniel Lopez 
Romo was quoted in Monday's edi- '■ 
tions of the San Juan Star as saying . 
the II were transported to CoQr . 
need cot on Sunday night. . . 

More than 100 fcadral officers 
guarded the courthouse Sunday as 
the magistrate, Justo Arenas, hdrf 
separate hearings for. the 1 1. About. 
1,000 protesters carried signs and . . 

chanted outside the Imltlmg, as- 
serted that the suspects were being 
persecuted b«ause <rf; their cam- 
paign for independence for Puerto 
Kira, a U.S. commonwealth.' 



for 20 wort. 


280 S, 280 SI, 280 SH, 500 SB, 
500 SEC v«ih boditmn & 
teoSiw interior. 

Shfraflf & dofiwy worldwido. 




' (Continued From Back Page) 





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Page 7 

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yy ]ci ,\js& 

Top Designers 

There is little doubt- that Ger- 
man designer* are stars on their 
home turf, but what German de- 
Sffiers want most is recognition in 
the international mcrket They 
wa * a chance to be seen and 
appreciated by women around 
the globe, to be judged by their 
peers not as "German" designers 
but as incfividual erectors who 
happen to be from Germany. 

What they have is talent and 
ambition. What they don't have is 
much of a support system, at least 
not through government rid, as in 
Franae and Italy. They wS have to 
go k done, Eke the Americans. 

. And ike the Americans, with 
whom they are perhaps most 
daseiy aligned in terms of desgri, 
they have a gerf opportunity to 

What seems to be needed is a 
little more aggression aid a Bttle 
less caution in their desgis. And 
more individual identity. Much of . 


With promotional photos by 
world-famous photographer 
Francesco Scnvufio emblazoned 
on her ads, an the covers af the 
various Gentian fashion maga- 
zines cmd on the runway of her 
show,. JB Saider is- perhaps the 
most recognizable cf afl German 

This dynartic woman in her 
early 40s has created a strong 
image aid a rodwoBd company 
which she not only designs for but 
operates as wefl. 

She has been seEng her dofo- 
ing in Europe and abroad for a 
nunber erf years, end foyer s 
come to her far spare, esa^uistety- 
fabricated and well-tailored 

Six years ago she signed a 
contract with Beediam to produce 
a fragrance under her own name. 
Before the name went on, Sander 
demanded that the quaEty be 
high, for quefly, above cJ efce, b 
the Sander trodemedt Today she 
has her own cosmetic, ba#v free* 

ment end men sCnes for Beechcm 

as wei as a kj 8SPge“^^ her ' 
goads cofledion for Goldman 
eviweer cofledion for on Man 
firm and a shoe coHedxn for her 
own company- _ ... 

WBh sales of over $25 mffion 
in doHmg efid over $T2m^n m 

cosmetics, 5ander s riding high. 


are Joop has 
many's best- 
nd hs ncme 
iverytKng, in- 
gloves, fats, 
pr and, of 

If as much 
jgner and 
rtNng the# 

what is done in Germany may not 
"look" exactly Eke what other 
designers are doing, but it "feels" 
much the same. 

Two designer* who have man- 
aged to break out of this mold are 
J3 Sander and Garen Pfleger. 
Sander is perhaps the best known 
and one of the most dvensified of 
German designers. She has buBt a 
design firm on a solid foundation 
and has had the foresight to cre- 
ate an image and promote that 
image both within Germany and 
internationally. As for Caren 
Pfleger, she may not yet have 
achieved Sander s exposure, but 
she certdniy does understand the 
value of self-promotion. In the 
fashion game, especially if you 
want to moke it in America, pro- 
motion is the none of the gome. 

The following is a random look 
at some of Germany’s most latent 
ed, well-known and promising de- 

"appeals to the emotions" rather 
than fbflaws trends. He thinks 
c l o t hi n g should be fan and eve- 
ning wear opulent, (during and a 
little wicked. Eke Berlin before the 

“I would rrther have a Ettfe 
‘bad taste' in one of my fashion 
shows fhan just rfnwfbshion com- 
ing down the runway, and that is 
not exactly the 1 way tftirigsare 
done here BiGermciiy." 

Joop, who says he leaves the 
business side to those who do it 
best, feels that if he had to run a 
business he wouldn't have the time 
or the inspiration to design. 

Hs idol and source of inspira- 
tion as af Icte? David Bowie. “He 
is always changing, always crea- 
ting ... hes His finger ip every pat. 
i an curious aid I war# to do 
everything.” hfc latest endeavor^ 
A coflection of Joopdesigned por- 
cektin for Meissen. 


She calls her cofledion more 
feminine and more avantgarde 
than many German dealers' 

reflections, and yet she feds 
strongly the# she is capable of 
designing fashion for afl kinds of 
lifestyles. Based in DOssddorf, the 
petite, auburn-haired designer has 
her adiedion produced in Munich 
by Laden Frey, for whom she 
does a separate cofledion of 
sportswear. .... . 

HympendcW shxfcd design m 

pbris where, she says, die found 
designing easier beaxse of foe 
avaBdbfify of materials, but she 

holds out high hopes for German 

designers in foe future, espeddly 
the American market, 

“I iNnk that America is ad- 
vanced, and it is flattering to have 

American buyers B® my drifting 
for that reason." However, foe 
designer says, die does not get. 
her idea or inspiration from any 
of foe fashion capitds, but rather 
from the streets. "Young people 
have a way cf piling things 

together in unexpected ways, and 

I find the# inspires me n putting 
together my cofledions." 

for spring/summer 1986 Hym- 

pendaHs cofledion has a very 
oasuai, very feminine feeing with 
a silhouette that is wide on top 
and narrow at foe bottom. There 
is a defirite mensweer influence ui 
her cofledion, but itis cnything but 

y ,• -ijw .- •• 



This Gobgnebased designer 
cals herself a "child of fashion," 
having been irferested in it d her 
Sfe and having studied fashion 
design at foe Fashion Institute of 
Technology in New York. She also 
operated her own at gallery for 
four years aid worked with de- 
signer JecrvOxrle5 de Gastdba- 
jac and others before stating her 
own business under her awn ItfoeL 

She has created a knitwear 
cofledion for an Italian license, a 
leather-wear collection for a Ger- 
mcn firm, an acce ss ories cofledion 
for another German firni, her 
awn designer-label sportswear 
cofledion and, as of last October, 
a fr a grewcB and body-ccre fine 
ureter her own none for Bee- 
chan, which brought in over $1 
mffion during its first season. 

She is probably best known for 
her tailored sportswear which, for 
spring/summer 1986, features an 
unusual mix af monochromatic fev 
en, sfle and cotton with interesting 
detaifing. Hers is very definitely a 
menswear-inspired cofledion, but 
not mascufine in sBhcuette or tex- 
ture. She Bees to thank of her 
cofledion as "paed down . . . foe 
less-is-mone approach." 

She thinks that of aB the prob- 
lems faring Gennan deagriers the 
biggest one is indvidud identity. "I 
think it's important to go your own 
way and establish your own iden- 
tity so that peqple don't group d 


This Berlin-based newcomer, 
who in his fiist year designing 
under Hs own label for Jurgen 

Feker's company, L'EsteSe, made 
a strong impact with $25 mSton in 
sales, is one af Germany's bright- 
est hopes. 

His sportswear separates 
bridge foe gap between the dassi- 
cal and the unconventiond, foe 
avant-garde end the traefitiond. 
His strength is in mixing unexpect- 
ed patterns and textures, which he 
carries off with a keen seise cf 
color and a sfrid sense of propor- 

He sihouettes for spring/sum- 
mer 1986 are deadedy tailored 
and basically ckssic, but his use of 
color on color, subtle variances of 
texture and impeccable Idloring 
make Hs cofledion anything but 
mascufine and eminently wear- 


Femininity and elegance are 
the keynotes of this Munich-bcced 
designer's cofledion, created for 
women who ere conscious af their 
bodes and have their own inefivid- 
ud style end an i ntemat i ond flair. . 

His everting wear is often luxu- 
rious. Hfe mood can fluctuate from 
Hapsburg opulence to Kennedy 

conservatism, but dvtoys with a 
precise attention to deted and - 

Says Schneider of hs personal 
philosophy: “Dressing up is body- 
tdk. I work for women who ex- 
press themselves mteEgertty." 


Far the past 12 years this Mu- 
ridvbased designer has cautiously 
and oarefufly chutied the course 
af Hs designer labeL He currently 
sells to makets as voted as Ja- 
pan, the United Slates, Austrafia, 
South Africa, Great Britain and 

He considers Hs aoflection most 
closely afigyied to the look of 
American sportswear, and Weed 
Hs d esigns do have that easy, 
c omfortab le look the# the Ameri- 
cans do so wei. But Hs quofity, his 
sense of fabric and his precision 
tafloring are often missing from 
American cofledions. 

Because running Hs business 
takes up so much of Hs time, Weiss 
says he isn't able to do as much 
designing as he would Bee. And 
he thinks there are vast passibiities 
for German designers to hraidi 
out into other areas of design. 


Unusud anfoinations of strong 
color and unique fabrics are sig- 
natures of this DOsekJbrf-based 
deagner. She considers herself "dl 
women, emendpated, active and 
successful," aid creates dotting 
for women Bee herself: working 
women who are p jtn ere aid 

For evening she beSeves in 
gkxnour, in festive looks foot are 
roomy of the top end nerrow at 
the bottom. For day foe mood b 
playfet but control and luxury are 
very much a part (rf her everyday 

One of this desyter's strong 
points is her sense of cohesiveness 
in presenting a wefl-coortf noted 
cofledion the# combines leather, 
sic, cotton, wod aid knits in foe 
same color tones so foe# every- 
thing works together. 

Ready to Fly 

• *7 Ml \ 
&& • 

While German designers pon- 
der foe complexities of gaining 
worldwide respect and recogni- 
tion, a significa n t group cf ready- 
to-wear firms are forging ahead 
with impressive marketing pro- 
grans which, for foe past severd 
years, have targeted most of Eu- 
rope, North America and the Far 

The gnnts cf foe German 
daltting industry, including SRB 
Fashion Intemationd, best known 
the world over for the outstanding 
Escoda sportswear oofledion, and 
foe MBS Group, known primarily 
throughout foe world for its ener- 
getic, beauttfui/y-made Moncfi col- 
lection and retail stares, have 
paved the way for the rest of the 
German fashion brigade. 

There is fittie doubt that without 
Escoda and Moncfi, and lesser- 
known but highly visible firms such 
as L'Estefle, Fink Modefle, Cho- 
mara. Lutz TeutkrfF, Dietrich Seder 
and other successful firms, Ger- 
man fashion would not be foe 
export powerhouse it is today. 

WHh told sdes in excess of 
$200 mffion, Moncfi is perhaps the 
most visible af dl German firms 
worldwide, most certdniy in foe 
United States, where sales lost 
year reached $30 mSon. 

According to owner Herwig 
Zofvn, the firm is sperefing dose to 
$300,000 done on advertising in 
America this year. This is in keep- 

ing with □ plan that saw foe 
opening of offices in New York, 
Dallas and Los Angeles, and foe 
opening of 12 boutiques (jnduding 
one on Fifth Avenue in New York 
end another in foe Rodeo Collec- 
tion in Beverty Hitts), aQ within two 
years. This is in addtion to the 

fern's inspired marketing in En- 
gland, France, Sarcfinavia, Aus- 
tria and Germany. 

Everything that Moncfi makes is 
manufactured in Munich in the 
firm's three factories or by beat 
contractors,- nothing is made in 
Hong Kong or foe Far East, where 

Above right: Mensvfear from Mondi summer 1 986 collection. 
Above: one of Margaretha ley’s sweater designs for Escoda. 

quafity cannot always be con- 

Zahm says that his advertising 
programs give equd weight to all 
reteders, not only to foe Moncfi 
stones, and that Moncfi does not 
give discounts to their awn stores 
or to anyone else. Nor are deliv- 
eries given special hanefing within 
their own operations. So the retdi- 
ers, at least for foe moment, are 
content to watch Mondi (which is 
a derivative of the Latin ward for 
world) take over foe globe. 

At Escoda, designer Margar- 
etha Ley continues to create so- 
phisticated, feminine and spirited 
sportswear that is very luxe in 
mood and topqudhy in mdee. 

Nobody in Germany tailors 
better at foe same price, or knits 
better, or turns luxurious woven 
wools into as wdkut, great-fitting 
sportswear ce Escoda The key to 
foe Escoda cofledion is its inter- 
dhangeabity and foe relaxed yet 
sophisticated mood cf the dofo- 


Escada's knitwear is very spe- 
cial, and to many Ley's sweaters 
are her strongest design pair#. Her 
mix of texture, pattern and color 
odds up to a aofledton of invest- 
ment sweaters that offer longevity 
and high style. 

In addition to Escoda, there is 
foe Laurel cofledion, designed, foe 
firm say?, “for foe super-adtiever 
Continued on p, 2 


Ready to Fly 

Continued from P- I 

eweer woman who functions on a 
fast track,'’ and Crista, for the "au 
axrcrt consumer whose fate is 
to be ahead in ihe newest unusual 

Escada’s marketing abjective 
was to crectie, produce and mar- 
ket fashion oofiedions throughout 
the world, and to that end it 
established product development 
offices in Florence, Milan, Tokyo 
and Paris. 

Whatever Es c udo is doing, it 
must be doing somethbg right, 
because the projected volume for 

the firm for 1985 is $110 mSon, 
$33 mSon of which represents 
sdes to ihe United Stoles. 

Fink Modefle is another major 
Germcn ready-to-wear firm. Lib 
Rnk, an energetic, determined 
woman, runs the show. Ufa over- 
sees afl of the firm's 18 collections 
per year and’ she makes aS the 
find business dedsions — no small 
feat in a country where women 
co mpa ny presidents aren't exactly 
in bountiful supply. 

In addition to Rnk ModeSe, Ihe 
firm abo produces YareS and 
Louis Fferaud. The firm's world 
wide cfctribution is impressive and 
broad-reaching, from Finland to 
Egypt, Morocco to Singapore, Ja- 
pan to Venezuela. 

While other German compa- 
nies compe te for the high-fashion 
sportswear look, FrrJc ModeSe has 
tdcen a strong podlioh on a more 
conservative, understated look for 

Right: Fink Modohe's 
handsome, understated 
daytime look hr Ml. 
Below. Graphic, overall 
patterns far Lutz TeutkrfFs 
sportswear. Lower righh 
WhH&on-vrhHe style by 

fairgrounds in 1980. _ 
lower iefc Manfred 
Kronen of igedo, t_. .. 
Below: Dr. Karl-Dtaer - 
Demisch of Munich . 

fashion Fairs. 

■jUjill't ii'ifedS 

German fashion designers and 
manufaduers may complcm that, 
the- French end tiieitafcns, 
Ihey don’t haw much in Ihe way 
of government support or promo- 
Sen of their industry. They do 
have, however, three -'men who 
head up ergeniznfors bent on 
Iddng the German fashion mes- 
sage worldwide. Mtnfred Kro- 
nen, chdrmcn of. Ihe privately- 
owned organization '• that 
produces DOsseldorFs Igedop Kai 
Dieter Demodv the man in charge 
of Munich's fashion fairs, and Kurt 
Getter, Berin's far charman, 
have helped put Germcn fasHon 
on the map. 


Mcnfned Kronen is the men 
most people would agree has 
done more to promote Germcn 
fashion than anyone else. As a 
young men fresh out of school. 
Kronen joined Igedo, the compa- 
ny his father founded in. 194? to 
present a fashion fair in Dtisset- 
dorf. Now, 26 yeers Jeter, Kronen . 
chars the orgenaation that pre- 
sents the largest ready-toweer 
fan n the world. 

Kronen 's organization presents 
soc shows a year. The spring/sum- 
mer 1986 Igedo show, being held 
this' week, & expected to present, 
the cofedkns of 2^00 to 3jOQO 
i ntern a l iu nd exhibitors end wfl 
draw buyers from around the 

Igedo stages "sdons" with run- 
way diows far crowds of 850 to 
view the blest fashions from both 

German and international design- 
ers, depencSng on that season's 
presen tat ion, b adeftion, Igedo 
showxses young desjgnere acid 
ready-to-wear firms, presents 
"shavvswirtwKhovvs” such as the 
Boutique end Knitwecr Iritema- 
tiond fairs and swimwear and 
Sngerie shows, and sponsors buy- 
ers' seminars, ft also gives out an 
annual fashion Future Awcrd far 
new design (dent screened from 
entries submitted by design 
schools d! over Europe. 

- It is Kronen’s tireless efforts to 
get the Germcn fashion message 
out there that have alowed Igedo 
to enjoy a corporate identity in al 
tiie world's fahkn markets. Igedo 
has press offices in seven countries 
and 36 representatives world- 
wide, and operates a subsidiary 
company, Dpssekforf Trade 
Shows, which is located in New 

Kronen says that Igedo exists 
“because of the ahidfon after the 
wcr. Berlin was the anginal fash- 
ion center of Germany, but n 

1949 ihere was a Soviet blockade 
so no cars. or trdns caAd arCec 
Berin.” Kronen says thcrf hfc fatiia; 
had the fares#* to recJze thd 
there would have to be a new 
□enter far the fashion industry and 
he, akng wfth a group of mow- 
fadurers, came up wm .he^cqrW 
cept of Igedo. 

Kronen credits Germatys suc- 
cess to quality, punctual defiyeries, 
sizing and its abi&y to adopha 
( i p friip “international flavor. :in 
dotting that is easSy understood 
end wearable. “With Germcn; 
fashion it is not a matter of. a: 
definite German fashion look. We 
ere not dways so interested in 

creating a kxak, but more an iden- 
tity breed on depencfabiSfy. lt 
must be working," he says, griv 
ring. ‘"Germany, after efi, exports 
mare dotting throughout the 
world than any other country end, 
to be realistic, relcdem-cra in the, 
fashion business to make money, 



fZJ \ ' > 3 \ 

As a managing director of the 
h/vic&yeariy AAmich Fcshfan Fare 
end as sole tfiredor of the Munich 
Fashion Trade Fair, Demisdi has 
played on ir q p u fl cj tt part in pd- 
Eng together massive shows held 
on the 6-acre nwriapaliyawned 

While Demisdi does a great 
job of promoting Munich's numer- 
ous and tdentod designers, he 
abo tdoes up Ihe cause of Ger- 
man fashion n general end 
doesi’t feel that hb far ism efneef 
com p etition with. IgBcfa .(wbfcK 
runs q few weeks prior, to Mu- 
rich's fair}, but b rather a ooniple- 

-• "It b irifxxlar# that frefion be 
kept- on Ihe minds of the buyers, 
end often many buyers go to 
DOsseldtprF to see the coledions 
bdbre commuting to theim and to 
.Minich to place the orders. Of 
course there ctb many buyers 
who do not attend both shows, 
end so it mokes sense for the 
seme companies to attend both.” 

L&e most Gomans in the fash- 
ion industry, Demisch sees Ameri- 
ca -cs the W erf opportunity. ^ 
help the German fashion ndkEtry : 
farther its couse in Ihe United 
Sates, Demisch is pfenning to 
stqge a major fashion show, most 
probably in New York, within the 
next year. ' 

The aty of Munich cbo spon- 
sors a fashion award, prese nte d 
at toe March Murech Fashion Far, 
which is awaited to out 3 tandteg> 
Wemutional designers. 


A good name to wear. 


NINO AG, D 4440 Nordhom.' 

UnEke Kronen and Demisch, 
totin s Fashion Fair director, Kurt ’ 
G«der, has not only to forge new 

fashion paths, he abo has tocorv 
teid with hb aty s past as a 
driving fashion center. 

Berlin seems more international 
them most other German cities 
pnd, according to Gasler, “there 

b a big-gap in the Germm fasfv 
ion image" tint he feeb Berth's 
“SRS apabb of fifing. 
Ithrik there are more avar*- 
less cautious deagners in 
“rtn, says Gebter, noting tiie 
??? S?. *** faenisefves Ihei. 
Er- 8 - fP& Avartgarcfe BerirA. 
TJ»y are part of Germcnyb 
iuy »oo future cs much as are tie 
more conservative designers. But 
’W^Gemoi deagners, tiny 
use queisy fcbrics aid monufijo.; 

they are noti iiestpeh-; 
Ffti younger^hHdnr^ end 
more dredionaL” 

niLhJFS™ to flM 

^ and *e 

” Germony's industry - :a 
Janreto be seea “In addrfion'te. 
f says -Oebteit 

jware showrooms open ih the: 

aty d round where buyers 

™f5^ tnTOeKp8 ^, 

tJtL***** to Promote BtefnV 


take a. Berfa fashion show to 
AmencDL Tt is aur biggest export 
a growing ane.^ 

gfand Bravery big niartet far 

.™n ™on and Genron fash- -- 
«nn generol I think tin b just 
r **™ 9 fer Gennany’s fadus-: 

ms serf ~- 



oMkT ^J 0 '* be» a cles^ asfoshwxijle 

scene. r*mJ Ur ° peai fashion rf *b proBerafan of 

Wor u , c 7*™ 1y K ' n fact fh» ^ erte d Germai designers and 
ina. ex POrfer of doth- fashion cxsmmurkatipns 

to ^-5 Mfan in Vwrtlln •** country cSweBosb- 
W to ofawcounlrw Jr 00 « cneoserl 

an tmaae or ^ i> ,? e P Qst b 

the fashion world am wJz 

fahmdm iki fabS: 

EJSS «! &«*> have 

fa°t Germany 
more to offer 
thm |ust classic, tailored sports- 
we °f ^ »s welknnstnjded. 

Germany has embraced the 
Amencc * 1 marketplace with fer- 
^ ard successful sa In 1984 
Mtes to America (which were up 

2L P ^ finl) for over 

$19 mffion. 

Over the past 10 years Ger- 
wa\ women have broken the 
of perceiving only French 

oteased German tourism around 
me globe, the German woman 
has begun to see that whcf de- 
“Qners and monufad u rers at 

home have to offer is compeftive 
with whcrt is out there in the rest of 

the world. 

This surge in German consum- 
erism has, according to many de- 
signers and manufccturers, begun 
to decline over over the post two 
years. Many feel that the Deut- 
sche marie has to go further these 
days, not because of a decrease 
in spendable income, but be c aus e 
there b a greater variety of inter- 
esting things for the German con- 
sumer to buy. 

Those firms that tdoe a more 
aggressive, 'imageconsdous ap- 
proach to fashion dt home seem 
to be weathering the competition 
nicety. This approach has proved 
to be the answer in gaining a 
foothold within the export market 
as wed. 

For most designers and ready- 
towear firms, the entry into the 
highly lucrative Amerian market 
ha been throuc^i showing ot the 
successful German fashion fairs 



A street guide to 
Germany's fashion 

Clockwise from above left: 
Design by Claudia Skoda, of 
Berlin; Manfred Schneider’s 
"New England Style" for winter 
1985 ; Caren Pfleger's elegant 
sweater styling ; daytime look by 
Munch's Jurgen Weiss; checked 
tweed layering by Jil Sander. 

BfSUN - This is a city with a tniy fii 
cosmopofitOT flavor. The bou- vi 
tiques here are younger and si 
trendier and the fasten definitely « 
International No trip to Berfn n 
would .be complete without a trip 
to the Wall and into Bast Germa- K 
rry, where the contrast is immed- h 
ate and penetrating, espeaaily in c 
terms of what s avafldble to the k 
East Germans in conswner goods c 

and services. ^ 

The Kurfuretendanm is West v 
Berlin's mein street, filed with irv - 
tematiand eateries, boutiques and c 
cafes. Be sure to give yourself at 
least on hour to see the store ' 
called KaDeWs, which roughly F 
translated means "just like foe * 
West.” The sixth-floor food haB 1 
features virtually every land of ■ 
fresh and packaged intemationd 
and German foodstuff, as well cs J 
defightful Etiie bars at which to 
enjoy the fare. Ka De We also ( 
features top-name German de- , 
si^er ddfing cs wed as some of 
foe top ItaEan and French design- 
er collections. 

One of Bain's most interesting 
restaurants is located just parcfiel 
to foe Kurfuretencfamm on Kurfur- 
stensfrasse. The Puis Bar Restau- 
rant not only serves eaffiflenT food 

in a bstro-fike environment, but s 
a feast for the eyes os wefL There 
e an ever-changing cofiedkxi of 
contemporary German artists' 
work hanging on every available 
inch of wdH space. 

DUSSBDORF - Charming and at- 
tractive, Diissetdorf combines foe 
nchness of foe Old World with a 
surprisingly modem fashion touch. 

Its Steigenberger Pcrkhotel has 
some of the lovefiest rooms in 
Germany. Within walking dbr 
farce of foe hold s foe Kamgsd- 
lee, where lovely cafes and rek» 
shops flank a park and foe river. 

The Ko Center offers □ veriety 
of good intemationd boutiques 
induefing Kenzo, Oianel and Jil 
Sander, and a good pasta restew- 
rart caled to Tenmza. Jist down 
the Konigsoflee is Ko 9, a young, 
trendy shop for juniors. On the 
same side of foe street is Bddioff, 
the shop that many German de- 
sgners consider to be one of foe 

finest in Germany. Here a wide 
variety of hetfan and French de- 
signer ooBedions con be found, os 
wefl as a good selection of Ger- 
many's leading designer wear. 

Crass to foe other side of foe 
KoragsaUee end you'll find Trink- 

hauv another shopping gallery, 
o fferin g a variety of attractive 
boutiques induefing Kraubdteid 
end MCM status leather goods. 
Gcse by there b foe WZ Canter, 
where you'll find Cartier and Yves 
Sort Laurent cs wefl as Chari/*, 
a fun nightspot. 

If it's crowds and beer you 
want and you ere there on a 
Friday right, head up foe Hefo- 
ridv-Hsine-ABae end youll find 
hordes of people, young and old, 
swigging beer and downing load 
bratwurst. Some more sophisticat- 
ed restaurant choices indude La 
for excellent Italian 

food, DU-Takn for Japanese, 
Orangerie (possibly foe best res- 
taurant in DusseidoH), la PoWfiw 
for defiacus French cuisine and 
5eh3fchan for these who want 
typical DOsseldorf fare. 

FRANKFURT - In foe downtown 
area nigjhtfife tends to be rather 
quiet. The Goefoeslrasse offers 
some interesting boutiques, and 
foe side streets running parallel to 

Page 9 

it q to hove international shops 
such as Yves Sant Laurent and 
Charles Jordan. 

Scxne suggested reskxrante in- 
dude Brno’s Baba for French a*- 
sire, la Gahria for taian food 
and foe French restaurant in the 

Frankfurter Hof. 

HAMBURG - With beautiful pri- 
vate houses, tree4ned streets and 
defightful waterside cafe, Ham- 
burg is one of Germany's most 
oorefiai cities. 

Shopping here is excellent, es- 
pecially for shoes, which range 
from modem and trendy (and 
jrcxpensve) to dos*, conserva- 
tive and very wett-mode. W<* 
down tte CalannatJm, where 
there are any number of tempting 

shops and cafe, and follow what 
is knewn as foe Vijn'* Path on 
the JungfemriSeg where there are 
caffe perfed for peopfewatching. 

Be sure to go into cfl foe covered 
mdk os wefl, because here you 
w3 find some terrific shops with 
extractive items for the home and 
bath as wsU as fashion shops. 

MUMCH - In this most Bavarian of 
□lies one cor't miss most of the 
best shops by heating down foe 
Mvienplatz, Amirc^kAz or foe 

of intemdiona! boutiques cfoound, 
from Mssoni and Guy Laroche to 
Hermfe end ChcneL Be sure to 
stop at Loden Fray on the Promen- 
odeptatz for the best in ethnic and 

> classic sportswear and at Man- 
I (Mgr, do se by, for foe best from 

> German designers. 


ptN AflV 

shot* 5 


such as foe' gforit Igedo iri DOsset 
dorf.foeMuniffo Fashion Far and 
foe smeder Berfin Far. f|is at these 
fare foe* the intenxstional buyers 
have been introduced to a broad 
raige of German (end interna- 
tional) firms. They have steatfly 
increased their orders *over foe 
past severed yeas and have 
found German sportswear, 'm par- 
ticular, to perform extremely wefl 
'm markets cs different as England, 
Italy, Switzerland, Be^xn ad the 

United States. For most firms, 
France is the last holdout wharit 
comes to exporting, and while 
Japan is often eqger to receive 
German-made fashion, the Ger- 
mans — always careful to keep 
control of their enterprises-^ 
riot cs agyessive in the Jqw»e 
market because of foe intricacies 
of doing business in Jc*aa 

Ur^ other countries, Germa- 
ny hes no real fashion oent^and 

tfks may account far its mabffity to 

projed a specific mra^ Alfocx^ 

DOsseldorf is the site of foe bggest 

fasten far, not all foe bed tafajt 
comes from that °*Y-JP 
there are a number ot Wentea 
designers and there one a few 


best known of aB German des^n- 
ers, fe based there). In Berliathe 
oncepoweffi^ ceptd aty^jha^ 

are a number of very good de- 

foemsetves foe Club Avartgarde 

Unite in other fashion centers 
of the world, 

most often do the 

business partners a <*»]X**f JJ 

ores run the business end of the 

b^eraiion, mariy .des^ners fike Jil 
Sander and Jurgen Weiss prefer 
to run the whole show themselves. 
If they don’t actuofly do foe de- 

sjjyiing, they often oversee it, as in 

foe case of Uo Rnk. 

Other designers retire foa 
what they do best is deagn, as in 

foe case of Wolfgcng Joop, a 
designer who has an impressive 
group of licensees cs wefl as his 
own designer label Berfrvbased 
Reimer Ctaussen, one of the most 
promising German designers, has 
paired up with Jurgen Felser of 
L’Estefle, a very sucoessfel ready- 
to-wear concern. Beatrice Hym- 
pendcW has joined farces with 

Loden Frey, the giant of tradHion- 
d trachtac fbMoric German fash- 
ion. HympendcH designs a odlec- 
tion for loden Frey, end the firm 
in turn hantfles the production of 
HympendahTs own designer cd- 

Potential is wry much what 
German fafoion is d about. Con- 
sidering Germany's success cs at 
exporter, one would be foolish to 
scry that Germany is an untapped 
source. What Germcny has done, 
far the most part, is deliver the 
bestquaEty dolhing at compefifive 
prices to a cfiscemfog consumer. 
What Germany can possibly do 
in foe future remans to be seen. 


ZSSSSSw. 8SSj H MDnchen40 

International Fashion 
for extraordinary appeal. 

Auaustastr. 1 6750 Kaserslautem W. Germany 
Tet. 06 31 / 6 30 51 Telex 45 750 

Presentation by THE BAMM COLLECTION. New York 
Phone: 212-2216300 



Welcome to the more 
than 50.000 fashion buyers 
from the finest stores 
t AN aii over the world 

|Q ' : y to the European Fashion Events 

Nordiska Kbmpareet f in September in Diisseldorf 

■ , f . :-.-.k 3S West Gennany 

Sept. 7-8 The Gannan Designer Shows, Dussekforf 
Sept. 8 "11 IGEDO International Fashion Fair with over 2.000 

exhibitors of rtw, accessories 

Sept. 8 -11 IGEDO DESSOUS, Fashion Fair for Gngerie, i 

foundations, homewear and swimwear 

Fadetaied information please cod; DOsseldorf 2 11/45 07 71, London 1/4933893, 
Paris 1/501-537071, Milono 2/42 25 212, New York 212/8407.744, Montreal 
514/4898671 Hongkong 5/23.2171, Tokyo 03/5819881 

IGEDO Intemationd Fashion Fair, Donager Str. 101, CMOOO DOsseldorf 30, 
TeL 2 11/45 07 71. Tlx 8 584 823, Telefax 2 11/43 68 05, Teietex 2114221 igedo 

Page 10 



Shopping far a fa axf can be 
one of the most pleasurable exp* 
riences in a woman's fife. Howev- 
er, so met i mes the choices are not 
always that vast, as is the case in 
most American fa sdons. 

Not so in Germany, where 
shopping for a fur, or psfee as it b 
coled here, is unite shopping for 
fur anywhere else in the world. 

While mast of the German 
fashion industry focuses on pro- 
ducing topquefty tailored sports- 
wear, German for designers end 
retailers ere quietly— or in the 
case of Rieger Furs, Munich, not so 
quietly — amassing fortunes in the 
for trade. 

At Rieger, shopping for for is 
Bee being allowed to select a 
Mercedes-Benz at the port of en- 
try m the United States; the variety 
and sheer number from which to 
choose are staggering. 

Hundreds and hundreds of 
coats — afl of one variety of peft, 
mind you— cEspiayed on seeming- 
ly endless racks mdee Rieger one 
of the giants, ifnotfhe&csTt,afhjr 

If you are looking for a superb- 
cpchy Hadtglama mink, for ex- 
ample, be prepared to try an at 
least 50 in your size. Exquisite 
Embas, luxurious long-haired Bnx, 
delicious dark ranch minks, 
ferrenefafae pastel-dyed fox — 
you name it, Rieger hes it. And at 
prices wsfi below what one would 
have to pay in America 

Sometimes, as in the cose of 
Gerson Furs, Frankfort, one can 
find the most luxurious of mink 
coats at less than hdf the price 
one would pay fix the same coat 
in the States. Says Egon Gerson, 
owner of the 33-year old manu- 
facturing and retai house: "Our 
average rrink axtf costs appraxi- 
mdely 8j000 to 12$00 Deutsche 
merks, meaning that fa under 
$4,300 a women can buy on 
exoelent-quafity mink cocf that 
would cost her two to three times 
that in America 1 ' 

According to Gerson, the 
strong American doUcr mokes 
German fa coats on incredible 
bcxgafo fa Americcn consumers, 
but it also aooounted fa an dmbst 
30 percent increase in the price of 
mink this year — minks which. Glee 
aB the furs German furriers use, 
have to be i m porte d from other 
places, fike Scandinavia, the Soviet 
Union and even the United States. 

To Gerson this increase meant 
a decrease of 20 percent to 30 
percent in his middte-priG&range 
coats; most of which he seb to his 
German cli e n tele . 

At any given time Gerson 
stocks anywhere from $£00 to 
7,000 milk coats, aO of which are 
produced — as are cdl of Gerson 's 
furs — on the premises. Upstairs at 
Gerson's one finds piles aid pies 
of mink skins, American bobcat 
pete, Perscn kxnbskins, silver fox, 
shadow fox, muskreri, American 
coyote and other first-quality furs, 
indudhg a small selection of leop- 
ard pete, which Gerson explains 
have been irvhouse fa a long 
time end are used only to repair 
coots that dents have had for 


“GoreetYcrfion," says Gerson, 
“seems less on the minds of peo- 
ple today than it wes a few years 
ago." There is Ettie demand, he 
says, fa fake fa, and he stresses 
that the furs he uses are either 
ranch-bred or staidly controlled by 
the wflefife or fishand-game de- 
partments of the various countries 
he buys them from. 

Gerson says that fa his cus- 
tomer a designer s none is not 
important when it comes to for 
ooais. For designer/ monuftxtur- 
er/retdter Rolf Schulte, that is defi- 
nitely not the case. 

Close to 90 percent of Schulte's 
business is in manufacturing furs, 
which are deagned by his team in 
Ns studo located in a multistory 
building he recently purchased n 
Frankfort's fa district. 

Nearly 40 percent of what he 

produces is sold to Germany and 
the rest s exported worldwide, 
with America followed by Japan 
as his l a r gest markets. 

While Gerson takes the more 
luxurious approach to furs, 
Schulte s strength fies m he cbifity 
to design ajntempor a ry, high-style 
fors r a variety of pete, either by 
themselves or n comb inati on with 

inte restin g weaves arid knits. 

Schulte often faces Ns fors on 
the road, so to speak, and shows 
in Tokyo, Paris and h New York 
cs wel as at home. Recently he 
won the Golden Samovar award, 
presented by the Soviet gown- . 
mert fa exralence in deign of . 
fas of Soviet origin. 

Schulte's coOedion features t 

over 200 efficient styles with a 
broad price and style range. His 
inventive destgis fa the upcoming 
season indude a group of dyed, 
sheared rabbit jackets which, from 
a defence, look He beaver, os 
well as hs creative use of fa fo 

combination with sequins fa an 
unusual look in evening jackets. 
Hb leather-and-fa riombte a fo m 
are strong selers and Ns use of 
pcradxite sflk or cashmere with 
for are very new cb wel as sde- 

' ' - ! .'i 

■ •*: ' 

wTv- ‘1 : : ’ ^ .*.•**•* 

"■ i:-' ■■■t - : -V ... A ■ 

i * *.-* •.-• v, £■* 

•r. .*.■ ' v ■ . .. >■ 4 

"* » ■* . 

* - 

ve t* , « 

l-r: . •'*” • . 

— '• .» . ** •• • 

* * 

tf V- ' 

V. -V 

' • * . 

. . , . • *' ‘ ' * c 
' v ■'*' **; ' ' 

, . #.*# -V 

. ,, I. , ... — 

. r . r- - * v . ' % , 

: ...... 

.Vi'* 1 "’ 

“ r*f *-• 

; ' .;n ~ a. ^ 

hfctari ou fly speaking, there is 
no firm that symbofizes true Ger- 
man fashion more than Laden 
Frey, the 143yecr-dd Bavaricn 
company best known fa its froefit 
or ethnfa folkkxfo foshioa 

Bernhard Frey carries on the 
family tradition, begun m 1842 by 
his great-grandfather, of manu- 
facturing toe best tradti dotting 
available anywhere in the world, 
icing the finest wool loden doth 

Frey entered the business fin 
1999, ctf a time when tradht fash- 
ion was perhaps considerably 
more popular. But even today, 
according to Frey, most German 
women have a loden coat, jacket 
or some other ortide of dotting 
made from loden in their ward- 

While Loden Frey has man- 
aged to retain the untarnished 
image of a firm deefcated to 
creating expertly-fedared loden 
doth aid troeftiond clothing for 
men, women and children, it has 
also managed to update its colec- 
tions from season to season in 
order to add a contemporary 

This season Frey has taken an 
even geater stride toward mod- 
ishness by signing on DusseJdorf- 
based designer Beatrice Hymperv- 
dahf. "1 wffl be doing a sportive, 
modem, casual ooledibn for Lo- 
den Frey at a moderate price 
range," she explore. Hynipen- 
dahTs entry into the marketplace 
with Loden Frey's sportswear col- 
lection was the result of her agree- 
ment with Loden Frey to produce 
her desgier-Jabef collection as 

“There are few firms that are 
better makers them Loden Frey," 
says Hympendahl from the com- 
pany i Munich headquarters. “My 
association with Loden Frey hex 
given me the freedom to design 
my coDedion and not to have to 
worry about production and the 
busness part." 

Bemhad Frey reports that toe 
firm produced d ted cofledkxi 
toot was very weft-received. "It 
enco ur aged us aid we are going 
ahead with it fol strength." 

While the tinted Scries has 
long been a Loden Frey customer, 
especially in shops that hande 
sJawear and outdoor gear, Frey 
days he is not going to go after 
the American maket agyessivdy 
by bfe advertising or by looking 
to set up Loden Frey departments i 




! 7 


or shops, either in-house or by 
f ranchi se . 

“Buyers come to us to buy our 
ckriNng," says Frey. “I don’t see 
that changing, and our business is 
growing steacSy and heafthSy not 
only in toe tinted States but in 
Greet Britain and other European 
awntries. h order do the right job 
in the United Series you have to 
spend a greet deal of money 
faming your avn orgevization, 
end there is no guarantee that 
you w3 succeed in a big way. 
Maybe it is better not to be too 

It is the international market 
that loden Frey warts to attr a ct 
with toe sportswear cofledion, 
now seven yeers aid. Sales fa the 
year are expected to reach near 
15,000,000 Deutsche marls. With 
the new Hympendcto! collection 
Fray hopes to capture a segment 
of the merket he may not have 
reached before: a younger, more 
progressive customer. 

loden Frey has a major retd! 
shop in Murich where the firm 
can test aid showcase its own 
cdledions as well as retail other 
roanu fodurer's darting. This test 
mwket has resulted in ce rtdn 
hwidsome tracht details showing 

J : /: 

Right: Beatrice 
sportive, ensued 
' design for Loden 

not criy an much of loden 
nwys afcdion, but in the coBec- 
" 0# * r desfam as 


i erre rcK 

j, -=TCS2&- 

WJ".' ^ 

tar ■ 




When ft comes to the finest- 
quafity ledher goods, there are 
few firms that ccn compere with 
GolchPfeiL Throughout the worH 
the name stands for superb hand- 
CToffcmanship, premier-quality 
metferids and dassic sfying. 

"We ae interested in one thhg 
erf Gofo-Pfe3," says Dr. Helmut 
Ziegler, vioe presdert erf market- 
ing for the 129-year-cAd forty 
owned firm. "We are committed 
to creating exceflence in leather 
goods the* are considered to be 
among the best in the world. 

This message is no doubt an 
echo of that voiced by founder, 

Ludwig Krumm, who first estab- 
lished the Offenbach-based fern 
with the <xt of Ns seven sore and 
five coworkers. The firm begwi 

making —by hand— purses 

waflete, which were mariceted m 
Germany and Eastern Europe. 

By 1881 the employee ranks 
had grown to 200 workers, ond 
the firm had estabfehed o mor«g 

ofy in the British market By 7906 
Ludwig Krumm AG employed 

1 ,000 peopte and 85 percent orris 
pradudion was exported 

In 1928 the firm merged with 
Langhardt Brothers Co., with 
Krumm maintaining its status lasa 

fide* partnership far both fomfie 
end endued 

GoLipfefl name after the firms 
director Herofch Krumm, spatted 

in 1929 with the name Gotten 


*r l '' |J K e dredion of and toda) 
foe firm, urKfe ' ' ~ nea^h stores m Ti 
Klaus Krumm a***™™ aanore.M 

Above: Rugged, casual 
styling for the Gold-Pfeil 
Qjrocaola collection. 
Left; Models from ffieir 
classic Sport line of 
leather goods. 

^ fhe PorsKrfi operatKXT, 

GoidPfeS has tarftef 1 

and today there are GoJdWsfl 
stores in Tokyo, Hong Kong, Sin- 
gapore, Madrid, Zurich, Geneva, 
London end in Florida 

7l« firm owes most of its suc- 
cess to its exeefent product ine 
and spirited promotion end adver- 
tising. The GoBffal none op- 
peers on three asBedions, which 

offer o complete range erf leather 

The Sport oofedion, the big- 
gest-sefling export She, features 
haidsome, dassc English accesso- 
ries and bag? handcrafted out of 
ledher spedrfy trected to have 
the look of an old English leather 
erm chair. 5xh tern is handcrafe 

ed in the* one person aetuoty 

7Ws applies to everything that 
Gold-Pfefl mates. 

The Caracdola collection, 
which is named after the legend- 
ary driving ace of the 1930s, 
Rudolf Caw-dob, is inspired by 
his rugged, pioneering spirit old 

unconventional sportsmanship. 
This is a collection for those who 
prefer more relaxed, casual styl- 
ing in leather goods, and features 
a wide selection of items in an 
earthy, natural, shrink-groined 
leather that is very popular with 
the Americai market. 

The Pegasus Qub orfledion is 
the firm's highfoshion line, al- 
though ft is stfl extremely trac&ion- 
.d arid mdnt a in s the dassic look 
fhe GolcWefl customer has come 
to appreciate. Geared mainly to 
the professional traveler, the col- 
lation includes a variety of men’s 
and women's attache cases, func- 
tional yet feminine latte' hand- 
bags, passport cases deskyied to 
- accommodate travel documents, 
hendsome and durable luggage 
and a renge erf very sophisticated 
desk accessories. 

This post year Gold-PfeS en- 
tered the fashion accessory arena 
in grind style by tensing JB Sand- 
er. Typical of the firm's desire to 
keep staid standards of exceleroe 
and yet develop in new, untapped 
areas, the blending of Germany's 
bestlawwn fashiorvdesign house 
and best-known leather-goods 
house has already proven to be o 
winner for both partners. 

Gold-PfeTs total collection, 
save for some Sghtweght, non- 
leather luggage, is mcrtufadured 
in Germany and mode from Ger- 
man-tamed tides which ere, ac- 
centing to Dr. Ziegler, of the 
choicest quality. 

The company sees its future in 
exports and retail operations. Ac- 
cording to Dr. Ze&et, Gofo-Pfol 
is actively seeking "partnerships’* 
to establish retail operations 
ebroad and within Europe ce wei. 

With over $33 miSon h sales 
and an expected growth of 25 
percent for exports in 1985, ex- 
ports appear to be the firm's man 

The sfrengih of fhe dolor has 
been a plus fix the firm and 
America remains the biggest po- 
tential market, with Japan show- 
ing strength and the Ardxcn 
aourtries showing a arfjstarrtid in- 
creese of 8 percent to 9 percent 
within the last yecr. Even if the 
dolor drops Goid-Pfe3 should, ac- 
centing to Dr. Ziegler, reman 
unaffected. "We w3 dways be 
competitive pricewise end, ft goes 
without saying, quafitywise. We 
don't sef to discounters, so refcj- 
erc know they aan depend on 
Goktffd to maintain a steady 
image of exceflence." 

FROM 6-9 OCTOBER 1985 


for ft irnifj; JMtiRMvrinv roo; -v.nuii \n m.mmii. :v.i !;■ 

'f ttEROiF NJRRft ' 5 . (s-R-K-i M( \i l‘f \ _\ r'ln'-i : m, (V *> JJ 


M. , 

The continuity 
of a singular 
— superlative! — 
sense of style. 

The perception 
of a collection 
that builds 
through a season, 
adding pieces 
as needs evolve. 

Adding elements 
for pure delight. 
a definite progression. 
In color; 

In texture; 
in purposeful, 
perfect accessories. 

The assurance of success 
that comes from 
an uncompromising 
co mmi t m ent, 


Fashion with 
a unique worldview. 

Intentionally superior. 

A totally integrated concept 

of dressing 

from Margo natha Ley. 

aaeowttyi---* - - - — 



^^ftcess Jumps Into Fashion 
Uh Fresh Swimsuit Collection 

Page 13: 


kudos, *bq inmnedSt^^k 861 
bouquet and°S?X ^pool 

Hebe Dorsey" 

bm of Process Stephani^SI m 
topble of 

!®* week * the California 
Toraa pod next to the Hotel de 

to swimsuit line, called 
JJ®? J°siOon,” was not complete- 
ly a debut Stephanie hashed sane 
ejjosare to fashion — acoupleof 
*•:•• ' J^ons ago, she spent ayearand a 
, bad at Dior, as an assistant to Marc 

W ■ then tried her luck at a 

. care «» a short-lived ef- 

fort that was opposed by her father 

■ ■ • ~ r ?j 801 Has was her to effort to 

- . ‘ st ^ w “r designing talents, along 
with a friend, Alix de La Combi? 

• . , whom she met at Dior. The results 

- Were to? and professional and de- 
noted a vivid unders tanding of sun 
and sea as well as a feeling for 
design and an eye for color. 

.. . . The collection, whi^i ended with 

•• ? bride in a white swimsuit and veil, 

. - - . ’ included ev ening swimsuits of wa- 

. ter- repellent velvet and Lurex. Nu- 

- .• dity was out Except for being cm 
~ provocatively high at the thigh, 

tv . reaching to the waist in some cases, 

UUtTtofr- these were not oaked styles; and 

yet, if anything, they made Brigitte 
"^rdot’s bikini look passft . 

Cut within an inch of the figure, 
“«e suits were a challenge that 
jjjjy v^ryotmg and very firm flg- 

Prints too, cspcdally thecunent- 
ly popular splashes of tropical 
•lowers, were out, because, as 
St — 1 — ! — - - - — 

band, Sxefano Casiraghi, very in- 
volved in fashion (be owns 
one-third of the Dior boutique 
franchise in Monte Carlo), there is 
distinct competition for Stephanie 
in this family. 

Monte Carlo is also experiencing 
a face lift as many young Italians, 
attracted by CasiraghTs business 

Stephanie said after the stow, "We acumen, have invaded the printi- 
c piddn’i find, any we liked be- pality. 
sides, they get out of style too fast” — 

Woriced around a bold combina- 
tion of black and fluorescent cob 

ots, some of the desigos were Klrg 
short-sleeved frogwoman suits in 
black leather-look fabric. Othere 
up to the neck but bared the 
shoulders. Some were worn over 
differently colored tigfrt-s, a fashion 
established earlier. 

. Princess Caroline wore white 
tights the evening erf the showing, 
with a T-shirt and an embroidered 
Hawaiian shirt. 

Many suits featured rightly 
draped and sexy miniskirts, which 
came off at the flick of a Velcro 
band, or terry robes, some of which 
were in black and white checks like 
Formula One racing flags. (The 
name Pool Position is a play on 
“pole position," the prime starting 
spot in an onto race.) 

The only two-piece swimsuits 
featured bras and diaper-like 
pants, with bright fluorescent 
fronts and black bt^s 
The presentation of the collec- 
tion, which included male models 
who were disrobed by the girls and 
pushed into the pool, was as playful 
as Stephanie herself, who later cele- 
brated with her friends by dancing 
until 5 AM. 

This move is a definite change of 
image for the conservative Mona- 
co. With Princess Caroline’s hus- 

Thc collection marked the deter- 
mination of the young princess 10 
strike out on her own. She said 
alter the show: “The most impor- 
tant thing is that we did it all our- 
selves. In the beginning, nobody 
believed in iL We could have asked 
for professional help," she added 
— Bohan and Kan Lagerfeld, a 
Monaco resident, are both good 
friends, and attended the show, 
“but we didn't want to. The whole 
creation was ours." 

Asked how he felt about his 
daughter tackling a career and get- 
ting into the fray. Prince Rainier 
said: “It’s a challenge. I can be a 
good father but Fm a lousy mother. 
For a girl of 20 — she’ll be 21 next 
February — it will be difficult to 
face all these problems. But she has 
a lot of character and stamina, and 
I hope shell come out all right.*' 

Why did the two budding de- 
signers choose bathing suits? “We 
both like to swim and we could not 
find anything we liked,” said 

She is responsible for the cre- 
ative side while de La Comble, who 
is about the same age as Stephanie, 
tends more to administrative mat- 

Asked how 

Velvet Slippers Leave Home, 
Find the Way to Wall Street 

A design from Princess 
Stephanie's swimsuit line. 
Pool Position, above; the 
princess in her modeling 
debut earlier this year. 

ers. We finally settled for Naulic, a 
bouse that also makes Dior and 
Scberrer’s swimwear." 

A number of friends pitched in 
and helped. Karin and Best One, 
two modeling agencies, lent the 
models, for instance, and Jean 
Barthet designed the huge and 
amtuting beach bats. 

The collection included 70 dif- 
ferent models of suits. They will be 

/few York Tunes Sernce 

N EW YORK — After padding 
around the town house all 
these years, at-home velvet evening 
slippers for men are stepping out- 
side. Stylishly, too. as baits foot- 
wear that retails in the vicinity of 
SI 00 a pair. 

Heretofore, the English-made 
slip-ons were usually worn by the 
hosts of elegant little dinner parties 
or they might show up, coordinated 
with white flannels and ascois, on 
fashion-conscious guests at occa- 
sional cocktail parues in resort ar- 
eas, such as the Hamptons. 

This summer, however, they 
have been turning up in broad day- 
light. sometimes on men who wear 
them with blue jeans. And. accord- 
ing to one shop owner, some of his 
customers are wearing the slippers 
to Wall Street. 

At Dunhill Tailors in Manhat- 
tan, where the slippers are available 
in navy, burgundy and emerald, in 
addition to basic black, David 
Proudfit, the store manager, said. 
“Within the past six months or so 

there has been a definite increase in 
the sale of velvet slippers, especial- 
ly to younger customers, and now 

even women. 

Slipper prices depend on the 
style of motif or monogram (in gold 
thread) one chooses. 


in Paris 

at European 
export prices 


8, Rue de Sfrres, Paris 6th. 
TeL: (1)222 18 44. 
Credit cards 

I * / 




Rood de Gendre, Dir. Kuriwusstroue 65, CH-8Q32 Zurich 
Telephone: 01/251 62 31. Telex: 53449 grond ch 

fesaonally, St 

“We picked up the phone book and 
looked for swimsuit manufactur- wear showings in Paris in October. 

Prince Rainier, who was the first 
one to see the sketches, said he 
found the show exciting. 

*T thought the presentation was 
good, young and amusing, with a 
few little mistakes," be said “Even 
when I saw the drawings, f was 
impressed that it was not the very 
short suits, you know, the strings, 
but rather classic suits." 

As for the hottest topic in Monte 
Carlo — the alleged romance be- 
tween Prince Rainier and Princess 
Ira von Fursienberg — the answer 
from the palace is: “No comment" 

‘ »»*■ try J 

VCR Lament: Some Movies Cry for an Audience 

} By Esther B. Fein 

N ew York Times Service 

A FTER several years of enjoying 
/a. the status erf being a high-tech 
toy for the rich, a thinking man’s 
answer to television and a home 
appliance whose importance is sur- 
passed only by the refrigerator, die 
videocassette recorder is finally, 
vulnerable to complaints. 

For the longest time it was con- 
sidered inappropriate to criticize 
the device that could .bring you 
“General Hospital” at night. “Hill 
Street Blues” cm the weekend .pod 
Alfred Hitchcock whenever you 
wanted him. Bni familiarity has 
bred discontent, and some people 
are be ginning to admit that there 
are indeed drawbacks to watching 
movies at home. 

There are grievances about the 
popcorn (it doesn’t taste the same 
when you pop it yourself), sighs 
about screen size and lamentations 
about the interruption of phone 
calls. But most of all there are re- 
^ grets about the absence of an audi- 

The bome-movie- watching pop- 
ulation, it seems, is lonely. 

“A lot of times funny movies are 
just funnier in a theater with tots of 
people Laughing around you,” said 
Wendi Kusbner, an account super- 
visor at a Washington advertising 
agency. ‘It’s fun to be in a crowd of 
laughing people.” 

Kusbner said die was not sure it 
it is the group mentality of an audi- 
ence that causes contagious gjg- 
. gling in the theater, or that people 
are embarrassed to hear their own 
laughter reverberate off the dining 

room table when they watch a mov- 
ie alone at home. But die refers to 
the movie “Caddyshack” as a case 
in point. 

“We saw that in the movies and 
we laughed hysterically, everyone 
rtiri l" she said. ‘Then we mid 

a smile. Some movfesji 
for getting out in a crowd. 

Comedies, horror movies and 
cult films rank high among viewe F* 
as the kind of movies better seen m 
the comp an y of others. 

horror movies. Screaming isn t the 
came when you’re alone. 

And Woody Allen fans will tell 
you that to see “Annie Hall” or 
“Manhattan” at home, when you 
live in New York, is to miss half the 

Jody Kean, browsing through 
the rw±s at a New York video 
rental store, said, “When 1 saw 
‘Broadway Danny Rose’ there was 
this older w oman sitting behind 
me, you know the land with the big 
pocketbook. Well, in one scene, 
Woody Allen is eating in the Car- 
negie Deli and this lady turns to her 
friend and says, ‘I still think the 
.corned beef is better at the Stage.’ 

are numerous. Among the most 
popular are the ability to sit in bed 
in a mound of pillows, the frugality 
of not having to pay a baby titter 
and the freedom to press “pause'’ 
and go to the bathroom. 

And there are some VCR owners 
who say the lack of an audience is 
actually the main appeal of owning 
a unit. One Manhattan woman said 
that when she gets depressed and 
pops in her tape of “Gone With the 
Wind,” she rather prefers that no 
one else watch her whimper and 

‘ Some people, like Young, say 

cial phenomenon," said Rich 
Sauer, a Manhattan lawyer. “You 
invited friends over, you shut the 
lights, you popped popcorn.” 

But as ownership of VCRs has 
become more common, the experi- 
ence of watching movies on them 
has become more solitary, many 
people agree. And as the machine 
has become a f amiliar figure in 
their homes, people are more com- 
fortable criticizing it — the theory 
being it’s not polite to nitpick com- 
pany, but it's all right to nitpick 

Aside from the complaint of au- 

Even the most committed, intro- 
verted home movie viewers say 
they are occasionally lured by a 
provocative ad for a new motion 
picture and, as if sensing that this is 
somehow a breach of loyalty, they 
defend themselves by saying that 
while they have kitchens, they eat 
out in restaurants once in a while, 

“Laughing is a co mmunal expe- 
rience," said Dale Hiller, who owns 
a VCR and was buying a ticket to 
see “Volunteers" at a movie theater 
on Broadway. “Tm not sure that it 
counts if you do it by yourself." 

The Director & English speaking staff of 

Mappin & Webb 


warmly invite you to their salon to view 
their prestigious collection of fine jewelry and watches. 

Our CANNES showroom is at 32-33, La Croisettc. TeL: (93) 39.81.91 

Featuring: ROLEX Mappin & Webb PlAGET Baume & Mercier 
V: imran corum gbq_ 

Highest Export Discount. 

We are the # 1 of the rue de la Riix .75002 PARIS . Tel.: 261.50J3 

By Appointment to Her Majesty The Queen. 


How can you overhear something 
like that in your living room7" 

Not everyone agrees, however, 
on the wine oT audience participa- 
tion to the movie expaieoce, and 
certainly the sales of videocasselte 
recorders would indicate that peo- 
ple are willing to forgo the conmra- 
nalism of a theater for the conve- 
nience of home. Industry analysts 
say that one million VCR units are 
sold every month, and they predict 
that by 1988, 65 percent of all 

households in the united States 
will be video equipped. 

The advantages of home viewing 

at home and “no longer have the 
same tolerance for outer people” 
when they go out to the movies. “It 
drives me crazy now,” he said, 
“when I'm in a theater and people 
are whirt»ring to each other.” 

srs would indicate that peo- a re whispering to each other.' 
willing to forgo the comnra- While Young may enjoy the qui- 

of a theater for the conve- et of having no audie nc e, there are 


*&oa wawarce- 


i ml Sot. 


:0 w? 





others who savor the freedom to 
talk that it provides. “You can 
make ail kinds of snide comments 
without fear of insulting an eight- 
foot person sitting behind you,” 
said Dr. Ira Nash, a Boston physi- 
cian who recently succumbed to 
what he described as “peer pres- 
sure” to own a VCR. 

When videocassette recorders 
were first introduced to the mass 
market, watching movies at tome 
was indeed aj 

’ cn,mL,Tm s^; 


Houmn ]%& 
Awm? 2Sf£ 

t&HAVEA £ 

.4* . 

“Two years ago it was a big so- 

Chinese Groups 

File Suit on Film 

The Assocoird Press 

1 OS ANGELES —A coalition of 
/Chinese groups has filed a 
S 100-million libel suit claiming 
that MGM-UA studios falsely de- 
picts Chinese as drug dealers and 
murders in the film “Year of the 

The suit seeks a court order to 
halt screenings of the Michael G- 
mmo film, which has spawned 
widespread protests over its por- 
trayal of Chinese-Americans in 
New York's Chinatown. The suit 
was filed by the Federation of ChL- 
f h»s p Organizations of America, 
representing 60 Chinese Consoli- 
dated Benevolent Associations na- 

The asso ciations are mentioned 
in a scene depicting a meeting of 
Chinese crime syndicate bosses, 
said Albert Lam, an attorney repre- 
senting the federation. 

Tht few Vert Tm 

dience hunger, the most common 
mutterings are about the size of the 
television screen. Jack Nicholson 
lifting his bedraggled face in the 
opening sequence of “The Last De- 
tail" on a 19-inch (48.6-centimeter) 
screen — or even a 30- or 40-inch 
screen — does not have quite the 
same effect as Jack Nicholson 
swaggering in canary yellow in 
“Prizri’s Honor,” spread across 30 
feet (nine meters). 

The former evokes mild smirk- 
ing; the latter, uproarious langhter. 

“You lose a lot on the box,” said 
Barbara Levy, a screenplay devel- 
oper for a Los Angles mm produc- 
tion company.. “When I go to the 
movies, 1 sit in the third row on 
purpose. 1 like to be absorbed and 
involved. That’s something magi- 
cal about a theater that a box can 
never do for you. Especially any 
film with special effects, or an in- 
teresting and luxurious setting, is 
going to lose that texture on a tele- 

Levy also noted that the theater 
offered the “immediacy of what’s 
out there now” Working in the 
film industry, she said, she tends to 
“gravitate toward the current.” 


LeoSo g subridy hook pufafaher seeks menu- 
jorips of ol types, fawn, notvfoioi, poetry, 
juvenile, ichoiarty rtioioijs works, etc. New 
authors w el com e d Send W free booklet H-3 
Vantage Pres. 516 W. New York, N.Y. 

10001 USA- 


4/F, Domfrifon Centre 
59A Queen's Rd. East 
Hong Kong 
Tlx: 74903 RIGGS HX 


Page 14 


BASF Raising New Capital 
In a l-for-14 Rights Issue 


Sime Says Profit 

Hong Kong Bank 

May Be Returned' jh. 

_ BASF shares fell 341DM Monday 

tLUOWGSHAFEN, W«i Off- OT the Frankfurt Bourse u> dose at 
many — BASF AG said Monday 220 DM. 

The BASF issue ranks as West 
S. Germany’s largest this year, out- 

SS b( ™??i. lj4 "M? 1 ?i stripping Nbcdorf Compiler AG’s 
bdhon DM. through a l-for-14 i-fojfcffer in June, which raised 

The big chemicals concern said » 4 «c 
the new 50-DM uonrinal shares f^.^tboktesof share 

would be offered between SepL 17 
and OcLl it 190 DM e*£ arrd 

Declined Sfaghtty ^ Private Hands 
In 1984^85 Year . . 


Darby Bhd said Monday that 
profit for the 1984-85 year fdl 
1.7. percent to -210.7 Bullion 
ringgit (S85l2 million) from 
214 3 mill i on, ringgit in the pre- 

mh^r^^for half the full year’s jfcMfflSKS 


viousyear. . .. ■ 

Volume for the group supped . 
to 235 biffiori ringgit fed® 2.4o .. 

last year. Sme 

HONG KONG — Hong Kong 
mil seek an outride consultant m 
the next few months to advise the 
lemtory’s government on-witth^ 
it.shouM sell Hang Long Bank Ltd. 
next year, the financial secretary, 
Sir; John . H. Bremndge, ami Mon- 

- ' “Uie'bank is getting to the pant 

BASF . “ 1U1 raising of funds was precautionary 

Analysts expressed disappoint- Sbrald not be seen in cooudd- 
ment anbeste of flic feKd tSiZ&SZ* aapnsit,ons m **“ 

t «« Uk UM. United Sta^ 

EUmc BASF paid $1 trillion in May for 

rnmnMwIMoc United Technologies Corp.'s In- 

UJIIUIIUIUUO moot unit a pH million 

far three Gdanese Corp. subridiax- 
. SepL 2 ies as pan of a strati to expand 
HW. low w?” Aik or* into the U.S. market. 
maparnHcin BASF is now also negotiating to 

vho U87 i,«o 1405 +36 buy AJkzo NVs American Enka fi- 
ves ura ijo i^is +3 ber-prodndng subsidiary of the 
Vffi - ^ ij§ tg United States. . 

^•r n.t. ijS- lk 5 + is Industry sources, noting that 

i M*: oeminttrui: 2247 / BASF alnust certainly paid cash 
for the Celanese units and fnmont. 

for palm oil. 

The Malaysian conglomerate 
also said that rubber price con- - 
dnued to fall in the period, 
making the crop only m argi n al-- 
ly profitable, .while cocoa im- 
proved its profit contribution. 
Sime said its plantation division 
again made a significant contri- 
bution to group e arnin g s . . . 

Sune said that weak demand 

H»ng Lung Baiik was taken oyer 
by the goverpment of the British 
colony in September 1983 in order 
to prevent a coHapse. The cost of 
the aaptisrtiou has not been disr 
dosed.. ... 

for heavy equipment c o ntinued 
«tiH Tr ading conditions deterio- 
rated significantly daring .the 
second half. 

The Hong Kong company 
made record profits in a 
bouyant domestic market and a 
s ignif icant increase in business 
with Qiina, while there was a 
fall in profitability from Singa- 
pore interests because, of the 
sharp slowdown in the coun- 
try's economy, Sme said. 

>Ct N.T. N.T.- 1J4B- 1.555 +15 

Eat- yd,: 458 lot* of 50 tons. Pm, actual 

sates: ii»3 ioti;ooen interest: 22477 BAbr almost certainly paid, cash 

French (ram pot neks for the Celanese units and inmont, 

s«n was 2425 2424 2433 urn*, said die new funding would replen- 

ISm IS. M Ion Zj ish BASFs liquid resaves. 
n't K- 118 BASFs liquid reserves atthe end 

ilt Jlt" mm ' Z tio ^^84 totaled 17 billion DM. 
voi^ 22 iots ot to lom. pm,; actual Strong- firet-half profits meant re- 
si lot*, open znterest: 785 serves had* risen considerably by 

Mkn . . midyear, analysts said. 


- 1480 1480- ijio.- — Unch. 

1440 1455 1455 1470 —7 

1.100 1415 1.915 1435 -25 

14W 1490. 1440 1480 -18 

&£ a;: & ™ tst 

22 lots. Own interest: 409 
*: Bowse tie Commerce 

. Sir. John said-- a decision on die 
future of Overseas Trust' Bank Ltd. 
was still a few years awriy.' The 
Hanlf. was declared i insotvent arid 

was taken -over by the .govexnnwtt 
in Junejata cost offida&y estimai- . 
ed at -2 billion Hong Kong dollars 
(S256-2 nrilEon atcorriait exchange 
rates), i-;.„ •/. 

TV financial secretary. irfaS tife; 
blamed Overseas Trust’s failure on 
fraud, said an audit report oh the 
bank would be completed next j§\ 

■ i 


\ J '.v 

I <!+>■*• 

1 rmf ^ “ 


^-eSSS k l .. 



■ *cr. 


: K s .‘.‘-Berr.^’ 

BW Ask 

SOP 18200 18200 

Oct 18140 18200 

Nov 181.00 1 B 2 JD 0 

Dec 18150 18250 

k/oiume: 8 lot*. 
Stoaonora cents per kfla 

Bid Ask 
1B3J0D 18AOO 
182:3 18340 

18250 1*250 

18250 18250 

London Metals 

Dollar Gains in Europe QforeChanges 

r X~ 

Compiled by On Staff From Dispatcher 238.60 yea from 23735 on Frida; 
LONDON — The doDar rose In later trading in London, thedo 

(Continued from Page 15) 

Jfljss- 1 - - 


BM As 

riiarply Monday in Europe in the 
contmuation of a runup that be^an 

lar eased to 238.55 yen. 

Dealers said the dollar looked • has to 6ght r 

bong continued,” one analyst said. 
“It is the last important battle lie 

1 A 

RSSISep— 16275 16225 
RSS 1 Oct„ 16225 16275 

RSS 2 5ep 14840 14940 

RSS 3 Sap— 14640 14740 

RSS4 Sap_ 14240 14440 

RSS 5 Sep- 13740 13940 
Matovsliiii ifsmfZs per 25 tons 

Societe Generale 

DeVoe- Holbein 

■International qv 

Bidgnmional nr 

US* uss 

6Vi TA 

BM Ask 
16540 16640 

16545 16275 

15840 ISIJflO 
14840 14940 

13940 14140 

2% 3% 

Quotes as ofc September 2, 1965 

U.S. $250,000,000 
Floating Rate Notes 1990/1995 

For the six months 4th September, 1985 to 4th March, 1966 
the Notes will bear an interest rate of 8V6% per annum and 
the coupon amount per U.S.S1 00.000, will be U.S .$4,273.61 . 

Investors seeking above average 
capital gains in global stock 
markets can simply write us a 
note and the weekly 
will be sent free and without 

















































storting permAictM ^ 727 JD 72850 the release of improved U.S 
forward 74750 748flo moo 75850 riomic data But dealers said 

Starting per DMlrlc ten _ ing W&S thill because Uj. UU 

tabard SU 10740 mS S were dosed for the Labor Daj 

COPPER CATHODES (Standard) day. 

2s* 011 P * r ro »L00 h,n «740 97440 97540 Tbe dollar gained 4 pfenni 
forward 1014J® 101548 1003X0 100600 French rwitimw and nttd y 4. 

in New York on Friday foflowmg fahfy firm for the short term after • Tte noalyst added that /Mr. 

out of its recent trading- .Deng .“has. to see -the transition 


I Sterltaig mt mrtrlc lea 

the release of improved U.S. coo- breaking out of its recent trad^g Deng .' see- the transition 
nomic data. But dealers said trad- iangem276-to-179DMfoDowiag made from the old Tevohirionaries 
ing was thin because U.S. markets fa rdease Friday of a sharp dim who have run firings up untfl now 
were closed for the Labor Day holi- in the US. trade deficit and a riw to a new group of technocrats who 
day. in the Tnd« of leading Indicators, . have the education and t rainin g to 

The dollar gained 4 pfennigs, 13 the gove rnments main forecas ting ’ rim the country.” r 
French centimes and neady4Swiss giuge. - ■ - . ^ For now, a number of the ofder 

P LUi-^^r 


!■ ••'••• ■ 



araxo mJS nsxSI ^s in Europe in more than twa ; 

centimes to dose at its highest Icv- 

For now, a number of the ofder 

n 3eD4D°346ll40 344040 345040 
■ram 352540 351040 3SB4D 


Dealers said the dollar's next ob- members of the ruling Pohtburo 
jective in the aurimicbntction will v .are ‘taqpectBd to stay chi m spite oi 
likely be 2^0 DM1 But masy sirid: their age and, m some cases, mca- 


voUima 1 0 tots of 25 tans. 
Source: Reuters. 

forward * 
TIN (SkMdardl 

SI Sso u H8 46?4o 2.3333 Swiss francs, up from 
i) 23068. The British pound feQ to 

India’s Wholesale Prices Rise 

908540 900640 $13795 from $13923. 

905040 905140 905040 905140 

Agent Bank 

Samuel Montagu & Co. Limited 

First Commerce Securities bv 
Herengrachr 483 
1017 ST Amsterdam 
The Netherlands 
Telephone: (0)3120 268901 
Telex: 14507 firco nl 


BOMBAY — India’s wholesale 
price index rose 2.04 percent- in 
July following a 1.45-increase -in 
June and a 2.07-percent gain in 
• July of last year, the Reserve Bank 
of India said Monday. . ' - { 


Slarflag Mr mtfric ton 

In earlier trading, the dollar was ^ Til «• 

fixed in PariTat 8.6345 French 10 Pmfltllini 

Meanwhile, the . South; African 

mrampry ial jjmd,- wfridt had risen 

to around 46 .TLSUeotis from opeaF 
ing indications at -4130 . to ^4230, 

option but to stay on, too. 

Source: neuter*. 

and at 2.8281 DM i 



from 2.7818 on Friday, 
the dollar rose to 23: 



Ckwa PravlO M ratni 

Mali Low Bid Aak Bid A* THE 

1HH9AH ■■■■ 

SterOog par nwtiic Im - - 

Oct 129140 12740 12740 12740 12840 12860 

Dec mot 13140 13340 13240 13140 132JB W W ■*,' -g ' 

Mar 13940 13740 13840 13840 13840 13840 M/hfl/IraA . / 

Mar 14140 14140 14880 14140 14140 14140 i Mg MM 1/ f/V f ,II/T/| 

AMI N.T. N.T. 14640 14740 345S8 14640 T RAJ 

Ocf 15040 15800 15040 15140 15140 15140 •/ 

Volume: 545 lots of SO Ions. • . 

cocoa . By ChnstDpher Pt 22 cy 

Stertbia per metric too 1 . 1 J 

Sep 1^12 1495 1,702 U04 U07 TJ09 - 

Dec 1,741 \TB 1^34 W3S 1JSB 1J31 

S ^ ig I5S I5S LONDON r The Eurobond 

Z 15m IS w }SL 1 SS tnarket geMrally ended slightly 

Dec N.T. n.t. - 1.789 ijw ljw 1790 lower Monday after trading was 

SBTSES & 4 o SS3| francs, up from 8.5000 on Friday, a spread af42 _to.44.cenB, . . ■ .. 

and at 2.8281 DM in Frankfort, up Under changes announced Sun- n -a -• - j ‘ 

from 27818 on Friday. In Zurich, day in Pretoria, thn commercial RP 110 11 TlflS 
the dollar rose to 13323 Swiss rand is.fiys.ncw-faiw.-ottiange 
francs from 22955. - - amiponfirit^of-The.SSoutt.^^ ; rcdbtimstfrnm Psn» 

• ‘ ' •>;*« v- ;.rs 3 nrillion4ntnces arid urine prodtic- 

*• • *' ■i’v tSoa tbis ye«- will be at©at-29 

■I,.-. i— ■■■ .mi. ■■ ... . . ■■■■■■nr i L.rei;t.4HgKoii: ounces.- wifir Soofir Africa 

■■t. w. ■’ 1 ; ' /■•••' accounting for 1.8 million ounces 

if. .iL'* 2ZC. r 
32-5=; >«/• 

yV.TT. tf.L * 

oa.i z E -vrc 
sssia ; 
I tilii 


I fcaJomv” \k: 


I tri -- 
cr. =L-kct fc- 

QbristDpber Pizaey 


& # lYI/IJJfjET an d. Soviet Union 900,000 

A. ff UAUf lK .. ounces. Consumption is expected 

: •*; to be about 28 mniion -ounces, al^ 
fered rate, although tho first corir lowing a birildup stocks of about 

-II I ■ Iir- _r_ • -trv\ rWTA’^A- TL- v; i.- 

J SeZ;" 2 V 
' 5 ?™ xc.nd:rx s 
I SSESS&tiir 


^^foteonotora. severely curtafled by the closure of 

[sMrHmiper metric ton markets in the United States for the 

S iSo \mb IS S 1^4 Labor. Day holiday, dealers said. 

Monday afta 
curtailed by 

1475 1448 1470 1477 1475 1479 
1,715 I486 1J10 1J14 1J10 1,715 

But interest was generated by the 

»The right 
man is the one 
who seizes the 


U4. dollars pir isatHc ten 
Sen 251 JO 24940 25140 ! 
Od 74175 24250 24175 : 

the m^'or providers of 1 
nance in Britain. The £1 

££*2£I85§I258&S§SS i^ w^for^Bua^&d- 

24445 24140 24440 24425 23940 23943 ctv, Batam s largest, and dealers 

WX50 24145 24345 24150 23845 239X0 e _fj 

241 45 240J0 24250 242JQ 237.75 23845 Sam uiai smuiar issues areupccieu 

N.T. N.T. 23440 24340 23240 23940 qhnrtlv 
N.T. N.T. 23340 7««i '*• 22850 Sliuruy. 

23140 22875 23875 23140 22675 22740 
N.T. N.T. 21040 23040 21440 22540 

7 pon will be 1/16 pomt over sut- : 100,000 -bttnees. The biggest users 

tkp P.mdwnxt mouth liber to allow for^tlifti^-^c (he United States and Japan. .. -. 

passage of legislation allowing As a metal platinum is handetC' 
JvtnfKiw^wH building societies topayintcresL than gold, arid has a higher melting : 

iv thediKureof Dealers reported quite active point. Trie United States uses a 
States for the trading in the issue on the grey amount in e mis si o n-control 
deakresaid. market At the dose lead, manager systans on cars and in mflitaiy ^ 

Generated bv the Morgan Grenfefl &Co. quoted it at pucations. 

%£, TTTs 1^ 1745 1^18 lai^ch of thV'fii^ver floating- about 99.73. This isjust outside the _ like gold, platinum also is used 

Z H8 Iffl HI 1^8 rate note for a building sodety— ■ 25 JSE2 Li*^S m jewfr. and the Janaraae have 

vohmw: 8739 mis at 5 ton*. the major providers of honsilig fi- and oomfortably inside, the 40-ba- become a m^or buyer for that pur- 

he £150-nullioa as-pomt total fees... pose. - 

x Building Sod- Other new issues launched in- Thus, while gold is used primari- 

ha bin 

about 99.73. This isjust outside the Li 
25-basis-point sdlmg concession inje 

:s <c- 

5?" r = “r 

Sis il 1 

iau F “ 1,545 

sis-point total fees... 

Other new issues launched in- 

VMuma: 1442 lots of 100 tens. 

coupon of 1/16 point over the 

\^Sm\ m^ ^ Um * ,nP9,nhumEx ‘' three-month London interbank of- 

duded the expected $100-inillion ly as a store of wealth, platininnhas 
convertible bend for Saswa Bank become an industrial metaL More 
lortiy. Ltd. The 15-year issue has an indi- indirectly, ^ thore are financial fac- 

The seven-year note will pay a cated coupon of about 2tt percent, tors in the world economy that af- 
_# , while the conversion premium will fect^tinxun,simhastheUiLgov^ 
be around the usual 5 percent. eminent deficit > 

S 2 i- . 

h i — f 
u **• UK ; 




INTERNATIONAL FUNDS (Quotations Supplied by Funds Listed) 

Sept. 2 , 1985 

Hat anal vaMi watatlaas are Mppaad by ttw Foods Dstetf wttti rm exception of loan quotas based an inw price. 

The morainal trmteU Inwcott traa tw ncy n* rmIbHom -HlladiM -dally? (wl-waaWr; (b)~W-m«nttVy; (r] -mroiartr; (0-lrraaalarty. 

AC MAL MANAGEMENT -{ml Amar Value* CuncPrtf. 

-<W) Al-Mal Trust. SA— 8 16169-td>FhfoUfoAinM’.ASMt9—. 

BANK JULIUS BAER A CO. Ltd. -( d 1 Australia Fund - 

(d 1 BaertxxK)- — SF 89638 -( d 1 FHtelltv Olrawarv Fund. 

-IdlConbor- SF 120040 -( d > Fldontv Dir. SVM.tr__ 

-Id) Eaulbaar Airwrlca S 116540 -( d j Fldoiftv Far East Fund.. 

-Id) EquRMer EumM 5F 128740 -< d ) FfdotUv Inft Fund__^_ 

-( d ) Equlbaer Padflc SF 1159.00 -l a 1 Fidelity Orient Fund 

•tdl Grobar SF 103040 -I d ) FMatihr Prwitfor Fund- 

-l a ) StocXDor . ... SF 156748 -<d) Phtailtv PoetWc Fund— 

BANQUE INDOSUEZ _ -Id) FWotltv Sod. Grovftti Fd 

-Td| Aston Growth Fund S 1047 -< d 1 FWeQtv Wortd Fund 

-<wl DhmrtMnd. SF wo F^rowTaMHoa 

■lw) FIF-Amertca ■ S 1665 London Aoant 81-8390913 

4w> FIF-EuraM 5 1345 -Iwl Dollar Irmmie 

-JwJ FIF-Pocmc S 1749 -Im) Fartm Hloh Inc. Ottt Fd 

ltd) IndoMaz MutHbondsA C 101.96 -twj GaM Income 

.< d 1 Indosun Multibands B * 16746 -<w) Gold Appreciation ____ 

-( d ) indosiNu USD (MJVLF) S 102174 -1ml Slrotaslc Trad Ins 


-lw) Or It. Dollar Incrarw S 0474 -Iwl Eaid Invaatmant Fund— 

- Johann Wolfgang; von Goethe - 

S 102.96 M* J Owe- Japan 


UUSMw) MuUtcvrrancy 

1048 14«) Dollar Medium T*rm_ 

S 16349 -Id 1 FhWltv Amor. Assets % 7047 OBL1 FLEX LIMITED 

-{ d I Fidelity Australia Fund s 1025 -iw MuUtcumncy 

SF 89638 -id) FWollly Olsawerv Fuad — _ s 1048 -iw Dollar Medium Tom 

SF 120040 -i d > Fidoiiiv Dir. SvfK.Tr % 12644 4w Dollar Lora, Term 

S 116540 A a FIdoiftv For East Fund. S 2052 -{w Japanese Yen 

5F 128740 -id) FMBtUv inflFund s M.U -lw Ptremrt starnnf - - 

SF 1159.00 -1 d ) Fidelity Orient Fund S 2742 -(w Owitsctw Mark 

? F 103040 -id) FMollty Prentlar Fund 5 1348 -tw DufO) FtoHn 

F 154740 -id) PktalltY Pacific Fund t 13642- <•* Swla Fran c 

-Id) FMotltv Sod. Grawttl Fd. S 1498 ORANOB NASSAU GROUP 

S 1047 -<d> FWadtv World Fund S 3448 PB 8S57I.TIW Haou* Iran 469678 


S 1845 London Aoant 81-839-3013 __ PARISBAS-OROUP 

S 1345 -(w) Dollar Income S .740 -Id) Cortoxa intemoNonol 

8 SM | d 1 Druvfoa Fund Inn. 

,, „ » Dra yfta in torcont l nw i T. 

3J’I2I? W * Cool* Rmd S167BS51 1 

— * H-S Jr) Hftv Siam LW 

7«f iHS j w } Rwd incwn* Trans _ 
D J* fwi Faraotox tewaPr. 

-FL JOA7 (w) Famxfond 

SF law W Formula Setacttan Fa. 

( d I FnndHnUn _ 

_ t d j I 'ntrnam. Sac. Fund* _ 

parisSS^^jp B-,H+ 1 3100 Frank»-TrSlraS3n£Z: 

. eea.1 2} HfSP'tJP"" «dDl. N-V^Z. 

I -740 -(dJCariaxointaniaHoiMi 
l 97.9 -I iv I OHI l-TMW 


S 464 -twj OBLI-DOLLAR 

S 1.15 -fW) OBU-YEN 

•<«) Brit J MaMoJCurr——, 

-Id) BrIL Inttjlffimaojwrtt. 

-Id) Brtt. IntUManaaFartf 

-I w) Bril. Am. Inc. A Fd Ltd 

-lw) BrtLGaW Fund : 

-lw) BritJUtawo-CurrmcY- — — 
-Id J Brit Jamn Dir Part. t=d— 

9^ l-(w > Scottish World Fund. 
1.1 19 |-t w) State St American _ 

-lw) OB LI -GULDEN. 

Mdi PAR US Treasury Band. 

vliii Npa egg= 

■ 5 ,?££ jw] Infermartcaf Fdnd^ _ZZZ 

-lw) BrKJersey GIlt Fundi 

-Id J Brtt. world IaK Fund.. — — 
-Id) Brit. World Todin. Fund — . 

-lw) capital Inti Fund 

-iw) Capital Haifa SA . _ ■ 

1141 London :01-«U23a Geneva 1-22155530 ROYAL L CANADA^OB MfcGUERNIIY dl IsmSfraiK — l,* 


8768 PB 119, 51 Pator Part, Guernsey, 0481-28715 -Hw) RBC IV.r t<r*i&P>xSBcP<Z j ju< r 1 > 

UB H [«) PuturGAMSJL S 12476 -+lw) RBC InH CoStnl ^ * W) * 

0480 -(w) GAM ArMIrava Inc * 12X40 -+fw) RBC inn income Fd. $ nji wi — J 


. % W52 
SF 199 40 
. S -7J9 
SF 6744 

: 8-M 

DM. 4444 
.1 12295- 
• S. 10432 
- S 134344 
SF 11U6 

s nun 

S W43 
J 1646 
. % 38032 
S *075 
■ 8 HUM 

Si 3 & 



k*2. ,ns,t 


-Iwl Capital II 

f I 1428 -lw! FuturGAMSTL 

Fd_ S 0480 -lw) GAM ArMfroao Inc _ 

f t 0222- -Iwl GAMartea Inc 8 14840 -Hdl RBC Man^urranev MZZ % 2&S im — •' IBM 

in - : S 1404 - wl GAM Australia Inc s 10773 -+lw) RBC North AmSiFiZZZ S SP f t rjrdSL^ V^-"”' — 8112TL5J 

and S 0739 - wl GAM Boston Ine 5 11078 SKANDIFONO INTLFUND 146-0-234370)^ Iwl { gyp" IPFI W. — S 22.59 

1AL . -iwi GAM Erndtawe X 1543 -I wIlntTStaZl!.* 5J90ffer__S 6.ll tw] K5?Kt23!7V J 2- F«— » 7237 

... I 3140 -jwIGAMFranfrvol. SF 10639 -IwlAcCJ Bid s tinnS S^ % 41] ,wj Grawttl Trusl.. JCWSJ572Z 

* 1642 - Wl CAM Honp Kong Ine. « 9147 SVENSKA lNTHRMATTONAL LTD? till I .Irnm r ■ - * 944 

PRICES) -iw) GAM International Inc. I 1OT41 17 Devonshire SdJ_oodoo-Sl-J7MJtMa twl — *130948 

S E 62625 -Iwl GAM Jaoanlnc. 1 99.90 -tr SHB BondF53~___Zrs 3414 id! LE3E2i i:OB ^ Z .S 1*156 

' SF 18740 - w) GAM North America Inc. — S 10747 -lw 5HB Inti CnSB. ri^wt » %■£ I" { Z 134040 

DM 11448 - wl GAM N. America Unit Trust— 10623 P SWISS BANK CORP. (I^WBPRic^l tmi m . 7~ 1 7X0 

AR s 12226 - wj CAM Padflc Inc S 11342 -Id Amertra-vS S rTtu g t d 1 MSjSSSLWES- .11644 

Yon 1102640 - w) OAMrtnt_— - S 11U1 -Id D-Mark Bond Setecttan' DM 172J7 tr I intS! ?^ t W,lSaL Ftl — s 1148 

SF 11945 - wIGAMShiBOBora/Malay inc_ s 9971 ^ld Dollar Bond J Sr? — - 1 Y 10645240 

LLAR. t 12245 -I w j GAM Stefl A InH Uldl Tnist_ 13548* p -Id Florin Band SelecHan . FL BfS !?} ‘ * 1072 

SF 74440 -lw) GAM Systems Inc S 10540 -Id ltKnJiKr!!__™lZZ: SF «S5 iSl PwefcaasTraTl S 763*47 

SF 7740 w> GAM Worldwide Inc Z HIAS -id jS!Si^rt5uE r ' ih JEZj }*{ Sgg" RnO— -_IZ * 2942* 

' SF 11340 -<w) GAM Tyche STL CkBS A S 12296 -Id SPrnno 8«1 Mvllnn V K NWTECPMlMla 

ntf JfflUSkT. MANAGEMENT OIK) LM. . ... -Id Swte Forabn BaSdS}““sF H ill IMS '■"•■BnSU S 92J1 

DM - 5341 
. 8 --&4S 

. un 
. S H653 
* 10399 
: S11ZIU7 

Strength In human resources in the 
right place atthe right time has helped 
establish Commerzbank as a leader in 
all major areas of commercial bank- 
ing, corporate finance, and investment 
services. Over eleven decades. On a 
global basis. 

To find out how and where, ask a 

-Id) C5 Ponds-inlT, 
-(d) cs Mora y Mor 


-Id) usw . . — 
-Id) Padflc -Valor. 


C l^ s r -OB 

L. « ixma. 

..... .. — SF 74440 -IW) QAM Systems Inc. — 

SF 77J0 -I w) GAM Worldwide Inc 

SF 11340 -|w) GAM Tyctw iA. Class A 

I Fund *108440 GT. MANAGEMENT OHO LM. 

I Fund— DMMS048 -IdlBorrv Pac.Fd.Ud.___ 
t Fund .£102140 -t r ) GT. Applfod Sdanca 

3MUSD40 -Id) Bern Poc.Fd.Ltd. t 

.£102140 -I r ) GT. Afiplted Sd*l>c»__ S 

SF 14580 -Id ) G.T. Assan HJC. GwttLFtt S 

SF 87*40 -Id I C.T. Asia Fund S 

SF 16240 -l d)G.T. Australia Fund — z 

SF 15140 -I d I G.T. EuroM Fond, - — — S 

,9a< ^siBssgBasa = u ssa aaBBF — - ** 

™ Ai\SSSS2i9S^=z % AS tt saaSfi fesa*- - * “ 


wmchasMT Homs. 77 London wall -iff G.T. Do! lor Fund- — — S 

LONDON ea (pi 9209797) -| d I G.T. Band Fund™ — ; 1149 -id JOMn-inmt_ 

-(w) FinstKjry Grotio Ltd — ■ 12543 -Id ) O.T. Global Tacteitav Fd • 1IJ6 -id SanrSoulhAfrT 

-Imi winchsNwDhiprHftedM — 1 22A5 -id) GT. Honshu Pathflndsr I 23.93 -Id Stroa (steekpri 

j!^S 1J fc'S’.UAtt, ; SF 3658 

1,15 ,2 BanoMnu*«_- u '6848 

1^5 i? FOnso Swtassii — _ |f iSon 

!!■?? "i? JOOOn-lererf SF sqm 

-jo |«i south Afr. SF Sub 

S-5 rfStaa'.e?* -SF 209 JD 

3 y 10351 f j 52SSi%i« 1 afe5K5 Z“ sf i»S^ 

SF 36581! Jjp££2L VW ”H’ V *138872 




-imi winenosnr DnorzitMOM — s om -i a i b.t. Hcnsnu pai m maor ; u-n -ta ) simn tstnrk grtr.i 

-Jml WSnchsztef Flnonette LW._- S 1879 -I d i G.T. Inv aH mo n) Fufld— S 18A6 UNION INVESTMENT Frantsf® 

-lw) wtaehostar Hokflim FF 10445 -j w) G.T. Japan Small Co. Fund S 7944 -Cdl Unl^n wr " Kf ° l 

— — - * 1225 -ir) G.T. Tadinafoav Fund—— S 2535 -( d ) llnllm X 

-Iw) Wnrtdwida5aajrtll«SE/l3W_ S 4617 -id) GT. Sauin CMm Fund J U65 -fd) Uidmfc 

-I w ) Wqrtdwkte flo sdg l s/l 2VS — *164840 HILL 9AMUBL INVEST. MGMT. INT1-&A. -tdlUMlg sig" 

BIT INVESTMENT FFM Jarsav, PjO. Box 48Tat 05U 7«» nii.™ 

-HdlCanowtra-— DM 292* PO. 0ox5a TH4131 M«5l . Ollier FUlldS 

-Hd) InH Rwttentpnd— DM 9538 H d ) Crossdow I For Enl) SF MS (w) 

(Mm A Hargltt 6 Liard Gcoree, BrnMrfs -idi CSF (Botangad) ... 5F 2646 rw) 

-(ml d&h Commodny Pool *31245— -id) IntnL Bond Fund ■ ■ .. * 1810* im) 

Head Office: P. O. Box 2534, D-6000 Frontfurt/Mom. 
866 branches throughout West Germany, including West Berlin. 
Brandies and Subsiaiories.- Amsterdam, Antwerp# Atlanta, Barre- 
lona, Brussels, Chicago, Hong Kong,londo(vbjo(ernlx)ur^ Madrid, 
New York, Osaka, Paris, Rbtteraonv_5ingapon£, Tokyo, Zurich. 
Representative Offices; Bahrain, Bering. Buenos Aires, Cairo, 
Caracas, Copenhagen, Jakarta, JohaiWMburg, Mexico Gty.Mas- 
cow, Rb de Janeiro, Sdo Priulo, Sydney, Tehran, Tokyo, "foronta. 

oom A Hargltt 6 Liard Gcarva, Brautls -id CSF (Botanoad) ... SF 2648 rw) 

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PJatinnm Makes Comeback 
On Son* African Unrest 


N ew york*~ tT* 71ne,,Serv * ce 

» P^ha 

inventories at a good nrijL contracts to assure adequate 

ho P es of a quick nntfU C TKf ld speculators have been buying in 
pla tinum " result: a dramatic nwi^rir for 

jutMedneadySjmfSnfc Mercantile Exchange 

^sS249 an ounce on the\>?n? d of Juac ~ v ^ ix traded as low 
that day as high asM^hSS? contract —to Aug. 19, soaring 
do^gtheXcmr^ — 

Users of Ifae metal 

are baying out of 
fear, speculators 
out of hope. 

• m *r-*k 

^ 1- ... 


.■.: :_-. ‘:L‘ 

search Bureau, a statistical 
scrvic e J commented: “Rati- 

'^‘ Mended breather” In 
aixet Vane, a market newsletter based in Pasadena, 
«“ *“ 93 percent ofiSSS 
t . were bullish on platinum. The newsletter con- 

itv snmi 5^* en ? lor ® th “ 80 Percent are bullish on a commod- 
ity .specula tors should sdL 

tiirarfSiSfi"**- hddin g «» the $318-324 range in antidpa- 
dec ^°? by. black mine workers in South Africa, 
Eeroard Savaiko, a senior metals analyst for Paine 
iin ivw il' *■**? “tyesrtuent firm. A strike could have affected 
^ orkt 2£ “ platmum mines owned by companies such as 
Knstenburg P l at inum Mines Ltd. and im pala pin mium Ltd. 
bemth Afnca is the nou-Communist world’s lamest producer of 
gold and the world’s largest producer of platinum. 

Last Wednesday, the mine workers’ muon said it would strike 
only five gold mines and two coal min« out of 27 mine. The 
strike began Sunday. 

P LATINUM closed at $336.90 on Friday, trading as high as 
$340 and as low as $333. Chi Monday, the was fixed 
at $337.25 in in London, with New York markets closed 
for Labor Day. Gold was fixed at $334.65 Monday afternoon in 
London, down from $337 Friday. 

Metals analysts were intrigued by a rfncmg of the gap between 
platinum and gold pricesTjeffrey Christian, vice president of 
commodities research for Goldman Sarfo* & Co., the investment 
banking firm, noted that while platinum's price increased by 39 
percent from $249 in late June to $347 on Aug. 19, gold gained 
only 1 1 percent during the period, rising to $346, from $312. 

Many years ago, platinum was much higher priced than gold, 
but in recent years the reverse has been true, reflecting the 
popularity of gold with inflation-waxy, crisis-fearful hoarders, 
especially in Europe and the Middle East Furthermore, many 
nations keep gold in bank vaults as posable collateral for loans 
and adverse hade balances. 

What has platinum got currently that gold lacks? Certainly not 
as much charisma as gold, and not as many traders use platinum 
futures. Johnson Matthey, a predous- metals- trading company, 
noted, however, that "unlike gold, platinum is an essential 
industrial and strategic metaL” Furthermore, it added, "the 
secondary market tor platinum is.znaiked by scarcity.”* 

In contrast, gold is m abundant -supply, with about 1-.9 ^trillion 
ounces in the world’s inventory IfmL conSUfopTiau' trf folly aboflf 
50 million ounces a year. “That works oat to about a 38-year 
supply, not including new production,” Mr. Savaiko said. 

He contrasts that with platinum, in which world stocks proba- 
. (Continued on Page 14, CoL 8) 

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On Peru 

Debt Stand Seen 
As Negotiable 

By Alan Riding 

New York Tuna Sermcc 

LIMA — Western banks seem 
eager to start debt talks with Peru's 
new government despite its deci- 
sion to mm its back on the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund and limit 
debt payments over the next year to 
10 percent of export earnings. 

Foreign bankets said a 12-bank 
advisory committee had been en- 
couraged by (fie government’s ini- 
tial moves to control Peru’s chao tic 
economic situation and was await- 
ing the appointment of a debt ne- 
gotiator so that a time and place for 
talks can be set 

Some financial experts believe 
the bankers’ willingness to discuss 
Peru’s conditions for restructuring 
its $14- billion foreign debt suggest- 
ed a readiness to be flexible. 

“The reaction of the banks has 
been prudent and intelligent,” 
President Alan Garda P&rez noted 
in a recent interview. “They’re giv- 
ing Peru the benefit of the doubt 
and are not condemning us a prio- 

In I .min American debt agree- 
ments to date. hank< have insisted 
on full interest payments in ex- 
change for stretching out the repay- 
ment period of outstanding princi- 
pal. Further, hunt* have usually 
refused to reschedule debts until 
the IMF had approved domestic 
“stabilization” programs. 

“We’re perfectly willing to listen 
to what Peru has in mind,” one 
IL& banker said. *Tf Peru imposes 
an IMF-type program and calls it 
something rise, that’s fine by us.” 

Since taking office July 28, the 
government has decreed a price 
freeze, a currency devaluation, a 
reduction in government spending 
and a cutback from 26 to 13 in the 
number of Mirage fighter aircraft 
on order from France. 

While Peru hopes to earn $32 
billion in exports over the next 12 
months, it already owes $3.1 billion 
in unpaid principal and interest, 
with a further $2.7 billion maturing 
through July 1986. 

The economy minister, Luis 
Alva Castro, has said that to retain 
resources to reactivate the econo- 
my, Peru wifi assign only $320 mil- 
_Uqr_ todebt scryta ng, givjng'pnori- 
ty .to $264.5 million owed to 
multilateral organizations, fol- 
lowed by repayment of concession- 

meats. 'Kis woulcl leavf^tde for 
commercial creditors. 

Already. Peru’s failure to keep 
up repayments on United States 
military assistance loans has led to 
a suspension of afi new US civil- 
ian and military aid. 

Scales Down 


HONG KONG — Hong Kong’s 
gross domestic product mil grow 
less than the previously estimated 7 
percent this year, the British colo- 
ny’s financial secretary said Mon- 

The official. Sir John H. Brem- 
ridge. said GDP, Much measures 
goods and services produced ex- 
cluding income from foreign opera- 
tions, bad been affected by the fact 
that domestic exports had been 
lower than expected. This trend, he 
said, was caused by the sluggish- 
ness of the world economy. 

The finance secretary did not 
give a new GDP growth estimate. A 
. figure is expected to be included in 
his midyear Frumrial review due 
fhic month. 

Domestic exports were worth 
71.9 h»llinn Hong Kong dollars 
($9.21 bflHon) in the first seven 
months of this year, down 5 percent 
from theperiod a year ago. Sir John 
had earlier estimated 1985 export 
growth at 1 1 percent. 

The fall in domestic exports was 
partly offset by a 39-percent rise in 
re-exports to oi.5 bflHon dollars in 
the fust seven months. 

Sr John said be was not worried 
about Hong Kong’s economic per- 
formance because inflation re- 
mained below an estimated 5.5 per- 
cent, while real wages were higher 
than a year ago and unemployment 
was lower. 

He repeated an eariier statement 
that the government hoped to have 
a balanced budget in the fiscal year 

ending Man* 31, 1987. A deficit of 
1 biltioo Hang Kong dollars is ex- 
pected this year. 

Deng Readies Next Level of Changes 

By Graham Eamshaw 


BEIJING —Deng Xiaoping, writing to remod- 
el China’s political and economic systems to fit his 
master plm, will shortly present the next sta°e in 
his radical program of change, political analysts 

A Communist Party conference expected to be 
held this month will take the paramount Chinese 
leader a step closer to his goals of prosperity and a 
peaceful leadership succession for this country of l 
billion people. 

But Mr. Deng turned 81 last month, and be must 
be aware that time is running out for him. 

The conference, whose date has not yet been 
disclosed, is expected to approve a number of 
leadership changes and place the party’s q^mp of 
approval on Mr. Deng s far-reaching economic 

It will also agree to the draft of the seventh 
five-year plan, the blueprint for the development 
of C hina ’s economy for 1986 through 1990. 

Mr. Deng and others have indicated that the 
conference would approve the elevation of a num- 
ber of relatively young officials into the top leader- 

The four or five likely candidates are all proteges 
of Mr. Deng, wbo is hoping that their promotion 
would help guarantee that his attempts to reform 
China’s unwieldy, highly centralized economy 
would survive him. 

“The continuity of China’s policies do not rely 
on one person,” he told a via ting delegation re- 
cently in a clear reference to himself. 

Western analysts see Mr. Deng as being stronger 
politically than ever before. But the opposition, 
although quiet, is still there and has the ability to 
slow the rate of progress, if not to turn back the 

“He pushes relentlessly forward, but progress is 
always slower than he would like.” said one ana- 
lyst. “Many of the changes he wanted to bring in at 
the coming conference wfll have to be postponed 
until the next party congress in 1987.” 

The main efemer 
for China are: 

• A fairly open international-trade and capital- 
investment policy. 

• The use of capitalist fret-market ideas to 
revitalize the centrally planned economy by means 
of incentives. 

• The introduction of a formal system of retire- 
ment to ensure the peaceful transition of political 
power from one generation to the next. 

Generally speaking, Western analysis believe 
that China has had remarkable success in appl 
these policies. But there are problems with 

ents in Mr. Deng's master plan 

Deng Xiaoping 

one. The open-door policy has brought in badly 
needed technology and investment from the West, 
but has also encouraged corruption, including 
smuggling and fraud. 

The economic reforms have helped increase av- 
erage incomes and the availability of consumer 
goods, but have also led to some mfiation and a 
widening gap between rich and poor. 

Reform of the political structure has been the 
hardest for Mr. Drag to push through because of 
opposition from conservative officials who stand 
to lose in the changes. 

A party-rectification campaign, aimed at clean- 
ing out the conservatives opposed to Mr. Deng’s 
policies, got under way only last year after long 
delays, and diplomats nave said that it is not clear 
bow successful the campaign has been. 

At the top of the leadership, analysts say, Mr. 
Deng seems to have given up trying to institute a 
retirement system for the old revolutionaries of his 
own generation, and is now concentrating on hy- 
ing to make it work with those who come after him. 

“He is hoping to establish his people in power 
before he dies so that his policies are assured of 

(Gontmued on Page 14, Col 8) 

Nigeria Leader 
Seeks to Attract 
Foreign Capital 

Confdedbp Our Staff From Dispatcher 

LAGOS — Nigeria’s new leader, 
Major General Ibrahim Baban- 
gjda, said Monday that his govern- 
ment wanted to attract foreign in- 
vestment and that the civil service 
must reduce bureaucratic delays 
that had hindered it. 

“We want to attract foreign in- 
vestment to enable our economy to 
develop and grow in order to create 
new jobs,” General Babangida told 
permanent secretaries of govern- 
ment ministries ’St a briefing in La- 

Permanent secretaries, the top 
civil servants in the ministries, have 
been acting as ministry heads since 
the coup last Tuesday in which 
General Babangida deposed the 
20-montb-old administration of 
Major General Mohammed Bu- 

General Babangida said invest- 
ments in the Nigerian economy in 
the past had been blocked by offi- 
cials who took too long to respond 
to inquiries or approve projects. 

“From now onwards, afi inqui- 
ries must be attended to within 
reasonable time,” he said. 

Foreign businessmen have com- 
plained in the past that another 
barrier to investment in Nigeria 
was the difficulty of converting 
profits in naira, the Nigerian mone- 
tary unit, into hard currency. 

In addition they said the artifi- 
cially hi gh official exchange rate, 
currently about $1.12 to the naira, 
made it prohibitively expensive to 
import capital goods. 

British and French companies 
are among the largest foreign inves- 
tors in Nigeria. 

The B uhar i administration bad 
also said that it wanted to attract 
more foreign investment, especially 
in agricultural enterprises. Nige- 

ria’s agriculture has fallen into dis- 
array since the oil boom of the 

General Babangida said the civil' 
service could not be exonerated 
from the failures of past adminis- 
trations to reverse the recession 
that hit the economy beginning in 
1981, following the sharp decline in 
oil revenues caused by a glut in the 
world mariteL 

He said he was concerned about 
long delays in executing govern- 
ment projects, which increased pro- 
ject costs. The situation must be 
reversed, he said. (Reuters. IHT) 

Considering a Global Shock to End Protectionism 

By Peter T. Kiiborn 

New York Times Service 

ASPEN. Colorado — Protec- 
tionism in world trade has gathered 
so much momentum that U.S. and 
foreign officials who met here re- 
cently say that only the United 
States has the power to reverse it, 
possibly by orchestrating a shock 
to the world economy. 

The officials said that rather 
than fighting protectionism nations 
have accommodated and institu- 
tionalized it, disguising new barri- 
ers to free trade in such euphe- 
misms as “bilateralism” and 
“managed trade.” 

Under such arrangements, coun- 
tries agree — often secretly — to 
open their markets to limited quan- 
tities of one another’s products and 
exdude those from all other coun- 

“Without our even feeling it, 
there has been a slow and constant 
shift in the direction of managed 
trade,” said Arthur Dunkd, direc- 
tor general of the 91-nation Gener- 
al Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 
in Geneva, which was established 
to coordinate world trade but 
which countries now often bypass 
in making separate agreements. 

The sense of doom is in the 
room,” Sylvia Ostry, Canada's am- 

bassador for multinational trade 
negotiations, said of the discus- 
sions here. 

About 40 experts, including gov- 
ernment officials from most of the 
world's leading trading countries 
along with business executives and 
international economists, attended 
the Aspen Institute’s annual sum- 
mer conference on the world econ- 

The participants saw only two 
possible escape, both U ^.-initiat- 
ed, from a collapse erf world trade 
like the one that followed enact- 
ment of the Hawley-Stnoot Tariff 
Act by the United States in 1930. 
Its high tariffs often are cited as a 
leading cause of the worldwide de- 
pression that followed. 

One approach discussed at As- 
pen was adoption of a more ambi- 
tious free-trade policy in the Unit- 
ed States, with the administration 
discouraging protectionist actions 
at home while forcing other coun- 
tries to relax trade barriers in re- 
turn for continued access to the 
U.S. market 

The idea may be taking hold in 
Washington. President Ronald 
Reagan last week rejected the 
American shoe industry’s appeal 
for relief from an influx of import- 
ed shoes. At the same time, the 

White House indicated that it 
would get tougher in retaliating 
against “unfair trade” practices. 

Some of those at Aspen doubted 
that Congress would support the 
administration policy in the face of 
ever-rising imports and job losses 
in U.S. industry. So the deleg at e s 
saw only one other solution — a 
“shock” antidote to protectionist 
fever, such as the imposition of a 
high U.S. tariff on all imports. 

“The danger is inerua.’' Mis. 
Ostry said. “One way of shaking it 
up is through shock.” 

Another official, wbo asked not 
to be named, said, “Bang hanged 
at daybreak concentrates the 

The countries represented here 
pointedly condemned the protec- 
tionist practices of others; yet all 
have resorted to more and more 
protectionist practices of their own. 

Behind the proliferation of im- 
port quotas, tariffs and other trade 
restraints, the experts here died a 
convergence of hazards to free 

Among them they listed Japan's 
barriers to imported goods and the 
country's enormous success in ex- 
ploiting other countries’ markets, 
the growing protectionist mood in 

the U-S. Congress, France’s oppo- 
sition to a prompt start of multina- 
tional mlk< to liberalize world trade 
and new competition in trade from 
vurfi nations as Gh m* and India as 
wefl as those of Latin America. 

Officials here professed a com- 
mitment to open trade on the 
ground that it aids world economic 
growth and thus that of their own 
nations. But most also are wrestling 
with the political exigencies that 
arise when jobs are lost because of 

Detailed Data on 
Trade, Reserves 


BEIJING — China pub- 
lished oo Monday full balance- 
of-payments figures for the Em 
time since 1949 in what foreign 
bankers said was another step 
in its opening to the outside 

The official People’s Daily 
overseas edition' gave detailed 
figures for trade, current ac- 
count, capita] account and total 
reserves for the three years up 
to 1984. 

Some of the information had 
been published separately be- 
fore, but not in such a complete 
form. The figures said that Chi- 
na had a current account sur- 
plus of $2.03 billion last year 
compared with $4.24 billion in 
1983. The current account is a 
broad trade measure that in- 
cludes merchandise as well as 
nonmerchandise items such as 

“The figures should help in- 
ternational financial institu- 
tions and foreign investors un- 
derstand China’s financial 
situation and help the govern- 
ment in its economic forecast- 
ing," the newspaper said. 

Foreign bankers welcomed 
the report. “Three years ago I 
found Ttieay hard to get infor- 
mation, but now more and 
more is being made public,”' 
one banker said. “This is one 
more step in that direction." 


Exchange of Certificates 

Following the recent sub-division of US 510.00 Par Value Shares into 
shores of US $1.00 Par Value, new Certificates are now available and may 
be obfraned in the following manner: 

Registered Certificate* should be sent for exchange lo the Registrar and 
Transfer Agent of the Company, by registered posh 


19 Avenua EPOstande, 
Mont* Carlo, 

Bearer Certificates should be sent in a similar manner and should have 
coupon 24 and subsequent coupons and talon attached. 

Textile Firms Press Congress 
For Curbs on Imports to U.S. 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — President 
Ronald Reagan’s rejection of shoe 
industry pTeas for protection 
against imports has strengthened 
the hand of textile lobbyists press- 
ing for legislated curbs, and a 
showdown with the administration 
could come within a few weeks. 

“It exacerbates our problem,” 
said a spokesman for the American 
Retail Federation, which opposes 
the legislation. 

Before last week’s shop decision, 
an agreement had been reached be- 
tween the textile bill's chief spon- 
sor, Senator Strom Thurmond, Re- 
publican of South Carolina, and 
the Senate Finance Committee 
leadership over the bill’s future. 

They agreed that the bill would 
be voted on by the committee after 
only two more healings — Sept 12 
and Sept 23. 

Even though it is co-sponsored 
a large majority of the Senate, 
tectiouis: legislation had 
been "bottled up in the committee. 

The majority leader, Robert J. 
Dole of Kansas, has predicted that 
the Senate will vote on some pro- 
tectionist legislation between Sept, 
15 and Oct IS and that it probably 

will be the textile bilL Textile and 
apparel makers employ about 2 
million people in the United States, 
representing about 10 percent of all 
workers in manufacturing. 

The Textile and Apparel Trade 
Enforcement Act of 1985 would 
sharply cut imports of the leading 
suppliers, including Indonesia, 
China, Korea, Taiwan, and Hong 
Kong. Indonesia would suffer an 
85-percent cut; China, 65 percent. 








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5 Chicago 11 
19 Rebuff 

14 Sector 

15 Jessel was one 
IS Leander's 


17 Joe and Gus of 

19 “Give a 


20 Sights on roots 

21 Amnesiac’s 

28 Ending for 
mob or road 

24 Old Nick 

25 Polite negative 
28 A Carson 

SO Slant . 

33 Dodged 
35 Weed out 

37 Hied 

38 Sarazenor 

39“. . .poor dog 

55 Poker expert 
57 Guardianship 
61 Actress 
62 Seaverand 
Eddie of 

64" silly 

question . . ." 

65 Get to second 
in a hurry 

66 Persia today 

67 Mizzen 

68 Streisand film 

69 “ forgive 


41 Part of b.c.l. 
'42 Indian bean 

43 Comparative 

44 Drool 

48 Haute couture 
48 “Good deed" 

50 An abrasive 

51 Nun’s scarf 

1 Bye-bye 

2 Mavourneen’s 

3 Fast time 

4 Summer-cot- 
tage site 

5 He wrote 
People Play” 

6 Start a cruise 

7 Pilots like 
Ricken backer 

8 Bro., e.g. 

9 March locale: 

19 Amerind priest 

11 Bob and Lefty 
of baseball 

12 Sandarac tree 

13 Tiny chorine 

16 nous 

22 Etcetera’s 

24 Daze 

25 Sugared wine 

26 Obvious 

27 Koufaxand 
Ernie of 

29 Images 

31 Powerful 

32 Contestant 

34 Dit partner 
36 Maty Ford’s 

49 Sultan of Swat 
41 Flower named 
for a Jesuit 
43 Sea swallow 
45 Carpenter’s 

47 Lasso 

49 “Dead, for 

. . Hamlet 
52 Seamstress 
- Rogs 

54 Coral island 

55 Bridge score 

56 Nostra 

57 U.S. agents 

58 Makes public 

59 Chew 

60 Laborer of 

63 Suffix with 








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Unscramble these lour Juntas, 
one letter to each square, to form 
four ordinary words. 



,afM RAWS 


& 1965 IHtod Feature Synatcsw.lnc. 




W)rid Stock Markets 

Now arrange the circled letters to 
form the surprise answer, as sug- 
gested by the above cartoon. 

Via Agence France-Presse SepL 2 

dosing prices in local currencies unless otherwise indi ca t ed . 


■Y YY1 FOR u y Y YTTf 

. A A i. J THE k.A A 

(Answers tomorrow) 


Answer What the guys who stole the sheep were— 


























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Beanos Atres 






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Mexico City 












Rio da Janeiro 







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Amro Bonk 

Buehrmonn T 
Caland Hide 
Glsl Brocades 


Mol Natkter 

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Rural Dutch 
I Unilever 

Sir Horten 
7*6 Mussel 
Kail 4- Sate 

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KM* Stahl 
Lu f th a nsa 

Muench Rueck 


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Htvetd Steel 

SA Brews 
sr Helena 

West Holding 

3400 3500 
3710 2850 
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1650 8050 
1375 1300 
5150 5375 
1780 IS4Q 
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Straits Tlnm I 

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Commerzbank index: 

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IV M 11 53 

10 50 3 37 

37 SI 19 tf 
17 43 IT S3 

V n 9 48 
27 81 18 64 
22 72 15 59 
21 70 15 59 
31 78 12 54 













Bk East Asia 
CheunB Kona 

QVna LkXlt 
Green istand 
Hone Sens Bank 
H endars a w 
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HK Electric 

HK Realty A 
HK Hotels 
HK Land 

HK smog Bank 
HK Telephone 
HK YdumaM 
HK Wharf 
Hutch Who m b o b 
H vson 


K a w te pn Meter 

New world 
Orient Overseas 
SHK Preps 

Tal Cheung 
Woh Kwms 
Wing On Co 
wend inti 

Zwttt 21 70 12 54 d 

' Ankara 25 79 11 S2 fr 

- Batrat 29 04 24 75 fr 

■ DamssCd* — — 72 Sf fr 

- JerasaMwi K u li ll fr 

TelAvtv H U 50 IB d 


17 43 f 40 d 
14 41 12 M If 

dkfewfy; Jo-towv; fr- falr; tm oU; 
stwshowtn; swdnow; sr-stnrmy. 

A e tteiooe le 

Altenfg 22 

Boston 24 

ClUcoOO 29 

Boever X 

DeTroB 24 

l l s n elolg 32 

Heosteii 33 

Las A mules 27 

Miami 31 

MIO M aae tti 24 

Meatrsal 21 

Nessne 31 

Now York 24 

saa Fraadsco 21 

Seattle 22 

Toronto SI 

wesUnatae X 

KWBimst; Dc-pcmv 1 



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1 VteUte Montaane 

Curre nt st ock index : mua 
prevtaas: 231049 


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Bay Hyaa Bank 






1 HONG KONG: Folr.Tenw.29— 34 (14—79). MANILA: Shmrart. T«rw.x— 38 

104 — 75). SEOUL: Showers. Temp. 24 — 21 (75 — 70). SINGAPORE: 
.Ttnmdendams. Temp. 28—23 183—73). TOKYO: 5twwen. Tema 35—27 

Deutadw BatKMCk 
Deutsetw Bonk 
Oresdner Bank 

1398 1420 

345 3M 
38450 39750 
252 25240 
3M 321 
47450 474 

207 JO 209 
t57 15430 
95430 958 

SB 374 
Iff U7 
574 58070 
249 272 

18740 18050 
318 319 

2240 2270 
..18 ULM 
1550 15.98 
740 I 
45 44 

132? US 
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820 838 
114B 11.90 
344 X 
635 445 

745 7 JO 

845 BJ5 
330 335 

4JS 7 

2740 2820 
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891 OP3 
1240 1UD 
53^B 1440 
940 940 
44 41 

745 7 JO 

NjCL 149 
1240 1130 
250 258 
2540 27 

1.92 149 

090 8JB 
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1J0 1J0 

505 5.15 
2.10 228 

Hana Seen index: U18.I7 
Prevlaas : M58J8 

AEG 7M 100 

Anglo American 3808 3175 

Anglo Am GaM 18800 19308 

Barlows 1M5 1140 

SSB r % 18 8 

DeBoers 1U5 1248 

DrieftnMn 4950 4300 

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GEC 184 1H 

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HanMker 401 399 1 

ICI 4B4 474 

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Land Securities 3B3 384 

Leonl General 729 734 

LknrdsBonk 439 437 

LBiirtn 153 153 

Lucas 343 34a 

Marks and Sa 151 152 

MeW Box 490 400 

Midland Bank 399 399 

Nat West Bank 477 447 

Panao 481 401 

Pllklnotan 278 274 

P lever 140 M3 

Prudential 709 712 

Rami Elect 154 158 

jjoni HenhHn STSVi StV, 

nonk 411 413 

Reed Inti 7B2 107 

H*«de»2 _ 319 Ml 

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Saab^eanta KA 

Sandvlk « 


1,052 pages. S27J0 each. and escaw, .®f bu *J n a d ^2d of 18' years, , 

The Library of America, 14 East 70th jadd^Wnfflag L^toWe tenwbo 

. qsts giZf usits, 

By Janies Fenimore Cooper. Edited by 
Blake Kesha. VoL l t 1,348 pages; Voi II, 
1,052 pages. $27 JO each. 

The Library of America, 14 East 70th 
Strwt, New York, N.Y. 10022. 

plausible and that the “Leaineisioaang » 
lies" should have been called “The Broken 
'Ttivik Series." 

• Lax a teacher of creative writing, Twain 

»*>MHimnhc NnTtmHtlTlZ 

was right Cooper’s writing is often wordy ana 
stilted; his characters are lifeless and their 
miraculous esca pe s are hardly plausible. Is 
Cooper worth reading in the 1980s, or were 
these nicely bound volumes published only to 
gather (hist on the coHector’s shelf? 

romances in cnrouiAus*^ — - — . - 

Amriam itSEwStt 

they are not The Here i tat ^ 



Sohxtkm to Previous Puzade 

DBHOQ □□□Cl □□□ 

Eoacci aaciBn □□ n 
ncQBaHatiHna aaa 
□cnsaan ciaaaa 
□□□ aaGaatiiaaaa 
QDQQaEi nan 
Banna acsss □□□ 

bqq saaaaal 
anasaBaniaQ qbb 
□bqbb [jaBaaa 
ddq aoaaBQaaaBBl 
ebb anaas anana 

a nd game were despoiled. 

prose. As commanding a figure as ^Tuu^ 
Ahab or Hix^ebory Turn,. Leatnasra^ 
combines the best of the Indian s virtues wnn . 
the best of the Christian white mans. 

“The Leatherstocking Tales" offer a mytlnc : 
hero to an age whose hero was the survivor. In 
a Lime of ambiguity. Cooper presents a drama . 
in which right and wrong do ensL tip opera ; 
the way for the nostalgic to glimpse tire Eden . 
that awaited our forebears, and to relive ris\ 
dangers from a comfortable di st anc e. 

Marie Otesen Urbanski latches Americantit- 
eratureal the University of Maine ai Orona She 
wrote this review for the Los Angeles Times. 


Bjr Robot Byrne 

M ORE and more these 
days it is bec o m i ng vital 
to evince a stubborn patience 
to overcome the resistance that 
must be expected from oppo- 
nents weU-stmfied in all phases 
dress. To be a successful tour- 
nament competitor, one must 
be willmg to put.great energy 
into pressing equal or very 
slightly superior positions. And 
then one must be alert to ex- 
pioit whatever chanres may be 

the right moment for P- 
and the onenine of a GJe 


KR5 and the opening of a file 
against the black king , bat his 
problem, woukd not have been 
solved by 3G...P-KR4 be- 
cause such a breakthrough sac- 
rifice as N-K2, N-N3 and 
NxRPf could have been 
aranged by White. 

Sdrawan's 34 N-B3 presaged 
tire slow-burning but potent tri- 

pling of tire white hea 

on' toe KR file followed by N- 

R4 and NxNP!, with a power- pMttte after 47 B-m 

ful «h«a G utman, not about 

to sit and wait while his fate B-B4, B-K4; 48 R-B 6 ! is crush- 

[[ •• r 









■ - 






■ n 

■ i 







j Oli 



1 j 

. , ‘ ' 

•* ' 

■ An excellent, example of 
what is needed was provided by 
Yasser Seirawan, a 25-year-oW 
Seattle grandmaster, in his 
game with Lev Gutman, a 39- 
year-old Israeli international 
master, in tire Bid, Switzerland, 
Interzonal Tournament 

Gutman's 5 . . . P-B3!? was 
an interesting hypermodem, 
provocation of 6 F-K5, N-Kl; 

7 P-B4. White's big center was 
Jntdetenmnedhrhy.7 . . . P-Q3; 

8 B-K2, P-B3; 9 N-B3, B-R3!, 
after which further protection 
with 10 Q-Q2 would nave been 
KN3 wonld have allowed 
10 . . . B-R 6 . 

Seirawan chose to settle for a 
slight advantage in space with 
10 PxBP, PxP. 

Gutman's intention of ob- 

0* : r-. ■ 

LsCfL r* 

iiES '■ 


jjjj. AL -~ .. » 

as dr** -- :r: 

jifi? M.C- 

was decided for him, made a mg 

quoted hid far counterattadc Or 46 ... BPkN; 47 Q-B3, 

H3HU. 8( 

wifli 34. . . N-K4!? he could not retreat Ivith 

However, the . canny 47 B-Q2? in view of 48. B- 

S wnmwn would hot contend N4!,QxB;49RxBch!,.KxR;50 
with a strong Wack pawn front Q-Rfich, K-Kl ; SI QxPcfa, K- 
badred by ahost of pieces after BI; 52 Q-B 6 ch, ^-Nl;.53 

backed byahost of pieces after Bl; 52 Q-B 6 ch, K-Nl; 53 
: 35 PxN, Pj£P. lnstead, he gave QxRch, K-N2; 54 QxBch. . 
bade the material ih once with . After 47 . . . B-RJ, Seirawan 
36 N-K4!, witii the point that struck with tire smashing 48 B- 
aftcr 36 .* ."KN;-3T BxP.- the N4!, QxB; 49;BxP!. which 
bfack pawn' ptintfon was split threatened 50 B-R7mate. The 
into three islands and White only Way that could have been 
ob tained a protected ■ passed ' averted wonld have 49 ... Q- 
QP- '. . ■ " :K 8 ch; 50K-R2, B-B4, but then 

On 44. K-N1, Ghtian-S^^^^J&^S: 
should have integrated 

pieces as test hTooidd wilh LtaSS 
44 u/LBi , 44 •• ,m_ nave, given White a winning 


siii i.-erc-.-r 
a-p: -“'KT 'i 

h : z-.? »j 

•it's Nr« V-Tv 

laming active play on the 
qoeenside could not be earned 
out after 24 B-Q3, since 
24. . . F-QN4?; 25 RPxP, PXP; 
26 PxP, BxQNP?; 27 BxB, 
RxB; 28 N-B4! wins material 

Gutman’s 27... P-B4?! dan- 
gerously jjennitted Seirawan to 

on the Idngsub with 28 P-Nl 
The Israeirs position had been 
solid and reasonably mobile 
and demanded patience. 

After 30 P-R4, Gutman 
could not wait for Seirawan to 

47 R-B3ch, K-NI; 48 Q<&, B- 
N5; 49 R-B2, B-R4 maintains 
material, although 50 P-R5! in- 
creases Wbhe’s pootional ad- 
vantage) was dealt a terrible 
blowby 46 NxN! 

Gutman could not capture 
with 46. . . KxR because 47 Q- 
B3cb, B-B4(or47 . . . K-Nl; 48 
N-B 6 , B-QBI; 49 NxR, QxN; 
50BxP); 48 BxB, PxB; 49 NxP, 
Q-Q2; 50 Q-R5ch. K-BI; 51 P- 
N 6 I produces an attack that 
Black cannot withstand. 

Moreover, he could not cap- 
ture wito 46 ... KJPxN. since 47 

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Kbln Brewery 
Matsu Etoc Inds 
Matsu Elec works 
Mitsubishi Bonk 

Mitsubishi Otent 
Mitsubishi Elec 
MHsubMil Heavy 
Mitsubishi Carp 
Mitsui and Ca 

NGK insulators 
Nl idea Sec 
Nipeon Koaaku 
Nippon Oil 
Nippon Steel 
Nippon Yuan 
Nomura Sac 

Shlnatsu Oiemlcal 

Sumitomo Bank 
Sumitomo Chom 
Sum Homo Mortal 
Sumitomo Metal 
Tataho Mattie 

Tokyo Elec. Power 
Tappan Printtag 
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Page 17 


Open Seeds Still on Course; French Group Excels 

By John Feinstcin 

Wmk tngtan Past Scrtke 

NEW YORK — A major tennis 
toenianjeni should provide some- 
thing for everyone: great players 
playing superbly, older ones show- 
ing their grit, younger ones making 
names for themselves. 

The U.S. Open bad everything 
on Sunday — except a major upset 
—as the top seeds cruised along. 

The pattern continued in Mon- 
day’s early going, when No. 2 Mar- 
tian Navratilova ousted No. 13 Ca- 

tarina Lindqvisi of Sweden, 6-4, 
7-5; also gaining the women's quar- 
terfinals was No. 5 West German 
Claudia Kohde-Kflsdi, by down- 
ing No. 12 Wendy Turnbull of 
Australia, 5-7, 7-5, 6-2. 

And top-seeded John McEnroe 
beat Czechoslovak Tomas Smid 
(No. 16), 6-3, 7-5, 6-2, to advance 
to the men's quarterfinals. 

But the crowd at the U.S. Tennis 
Center on a gorgeous, breezy Sun- 
day had plenty to enjoy: 

• Jimmy Connors, one day shy 
of bis 33d birthday, matching Vic 

Randolph Nips Persons 
For Amateur Golf Title 

ing spasms Friday during a quar- 
terfinal victory over Jay SigeL His 
back did not bother him that much 
during his 4-and-3 se mifinal tri- 
umph over Jack Kay, but it acted 
up Sunday. 

Randolph held a 3-up lead late in 
Sunday’s morning round, but Per- 
sons won two of the Goal four holes 
to trad by one heading into the 
second 18. It was obvious Ran- 
dolph's lower back was giving him 
problems, especially when he ad- 
dressed the boll. Dr. Rich Gueci, a 
local chiropractor, treated him on 
the tee of the 23d hole and again 
after the 27th, this time in the club- 
house. Gueci said the problem was 

_ ^ an inflamed lower-back muscle. 

Small wonder that Baltimore catcher Rick Dempsey had to leave Sunday’s a u FoU f^8 ^ pair’s soond trip 

r,m T Vu intn.i b©Je, Randolph bunkered his tee around the Montclair Golf Club s 

with Seattle s Jim Presley. Dempsey held onto <h«t hnt fniimvwi with a wnw th*i rm,i 

The Associated Press 

WEST ORANGE, New Jersey 
— Medalist Sam Randolph, ac- 
companied around the course by a 
chiropractor because or back 
spasms, won ihe U.S. Amateur golf 
title Sunday by defeating Peter Per- 
sons, I -up in their 36-hole final. 

Randolph, the 1984 runner-up, 
captured the 85th national amatuer 
title by rolling in a birdie putt at the 
35lh hole logo 1-up and then halv- 
ing the 36th hole with a par. 

Randolph drove into the left 
rough on No. 35 and then hit his 
iron shot to within 18 inches of the 
pin. Persons was on the g re en in 
two and his 12-foot birdie putt 
lipped the cup. 

toe ball to make tbettmxLmmngpotout, but toe Manners went onto bomb the Orioles, 10-2. left him six feet from the pii Per- 28th bole to roI-up. 

Royals Swept in Lost Weekend 

* si* C~ 



Compiled by Our Staff fnm Dupe itches 

ARLINGTON, Texas — The 
Kansas City Royals are still in sec- 
ond place and the Texas Rangers 
’are still last in the American 
League’s Western Division, bin for 
three days, no one would have 
known it 

Oddibe McDowell sparked the 
offense- and pitcher Mike Mason 
broke a personal six-game losing 


streak as the Rangers rninplen d a 
three-game sweep by beating the 
Royals here Sunday night. 5-?. 

In their lost weekend, the Royals 
blew a chance to catch cfivijtian- 
leading California, which lost three 
of four in New York. 

Mason had not won since July 
15. He pitched seven inning s giv- 
ing up three rims mi eight hits. “He 
was a different pitcher," said the 
winning manager, Bobby Valen- 
tine. “It was a- very' encouraging 

McDowell led off the Ranger 
first with a triple and scared an a 
single by Toby Hanah. George 
Brett's RBI groundnut tied it in the 
third before the Rangers scored 
twice in their half of the inning. 
McDowell was hit by a pitch arid 
later came home on Danny Jack- 
son's wild pitch; Pete O’Brien sin- 
gled home the Rangers’ third ran. 

The Royals tied it again in the 
fourth cm Steve Balbonfs 28th 
home ran of the season and a run- 
scoring s ingle by Lonnie Smith, but 
Texas went ahead for good with 
two runs in the fifth on a throwing 
error by catcher John Wathan and 
McDowell's RBI single 

The Rangers had not swept Kan- 
sas City in a three-game series for 
seven years. 

White So * 4, Blue Jays 1: In 
Toronto, Harold Baines and Ron 
Kittle bit his 15th homer of 

fling home runs to rally the Yan- Andy Hawkins in the sixth, coming 
kees past California. * '* * ‘ * ' ~ " 

Indians 11, Brewers 4; In Mil- 
waukee, Joe Carter bantered, sin- 
gled twice and stole three bases, 
including home, to lead Cleve- 
land's trouncing of the Brewers. 

Tigm 14, A’s 3: In Detroit, Chet 

in to pitch to Andre Dawson with 
one out, one nm in and runners on 
first and second. He gpt Dawson to 
ground into a doable play. 

Reds 3, Pirates 2: In Gnrinnati, 
Pete Rose had .two hits, including 
an RBI single in a three-run eighth. 

sons again was on the green in two; 
he had a 35-foot putt for birdie, 
which he left four feet short. Ran- 
dolph holed his par-saving putt to 
claim the crown he lost to Scott 
Verplank last year. 4-and-3. 

It was a gutty performance by 
21-year-old University of Southern 
California golfer, who started hav- 

go l-up. 

Persons, the No. 1 golfer on the 
University of Georgia team (he 
earned his berth in the final by 
defeating teammate Chip Drury. 3- 
and-1), evened the match at the 
29th hole and took a l-up lead with 
a birdie at 31. But Randolph bird- 
ied No. 32, and the match re- 
mained tied until the 35th. 

Sdxas’s record 75 open singles vic- 
tories with a 7-5, 6-2, 6-4 triumph 
over talented Thierry Tnlasne. 

• Tulasne's French compatriots, 
Yannick Noah and Henri Leconte, 
advancing to the fourth round with 
straight-set victories over Vitas 
Gerulaitis and Hans Scbwaier, re- 

• Drama, provided by Jay 
Berger, 18, who reached the round 
of 16 by beating Brian Teacher, 4-6, 
7-6 (7-4 J, 64. 7-6 (7-3). Berger, an 
amateur ranked No. 733 on the 
ATP computer, saved three set 
points in the second set and came 
from 1-5 down to win the fourth 

There was also the expected: 
Ivan Lendl’s 6-1, 6-1, 6-3 walkover 
against Horario De La Pena and 
the clockwork march of the seeded 
women into the fourth round. Nav- 
ratilova needed 37 minutes to oust 
Sandra Cecchini. 6-0, 6-1. and 
Manuela Maleeva (No. 8), Steffi 
Graf (No. 11) and Lindqvisi won in 
straight sets. 

The French may be the Swedes 
of the late 1980s. Since Noah’s 
emergence, the sport has boomed 
in France. Guy Forget pulled the 
upset of the tournament by beating 
fifth-seeded Kevin Carres in the 
first round and then lost to Le- 
conte. Leconte, 22, was a quanerfi- 
naiist at the French Open and at 
Wimbledon. Noah, the old wan at 
25, has played impressively in his 
three matches here. 

“It all started really with Yan- 
nick.'* said Leconte. “When he be- 
gan doing well, more and more 
young people began playing the 
game. When we made the Davis 
Cup final in 1982, that was very 
important The next year, when 
Yannick won the French Open, the 
sport became huge in France.” 

Against Scbwaier. Leconte was a 
’virtuoso. His twisting serve kept 
the West German off-balance and 
his topspin ground strokes kept 
scorching the lines. “I am hitting 
the ball very consistently,” said the 

6-2, 6-2, 6-1 winner. “I feel very 
good about my tennis right now.” 

Noah made Gerulaitis, a bare 
shadow of what he once was, look 
ally during a 6-3, 6-4, 6-3 romp. AH 

Noah’s quickness was there, the 
spectacular shots, the dazzling 
lunge volleys. *7 think I am ready 
for tough matches here,” Noah 
said. This can be a very good tour- 
nament for me.” 

it already has been a dream tour- 
nament for Noah’s next opponent. 
Berger, who has a history of inju- 
ries. of shoulder problems, 

he serves without drawing his rac- 
quet Hart; — be simply throws the 
ball up and readies up with his 
racquet to fait it. 

Teacher, 30, got to the third 
round by upsetting !5th-seeded 
Scott Davis and undoubtedly fig- 
ured on a free ride. Bui Bergsr hung 
tough and also got some luck. 
Teacher, who has been ranked 
No. 12 in the world, won the first 
set and led, 6-5, with Berger serving 
at 0-40. On the first set point, 
Berger hit an overhead that was 
headed out. Bat Teacher, standing 
on the baseline, couldn’t get his 
racket out of the way. The ball 
struck the frame and Berger still 
was in the set 

That seemed to unnerve Teacher. 
Berger won the next four points to 
save the game and won the de 
breaker and the third set with ease. 
In the fourth set. Teacher re- 
grouped, taking a 5-1 lead. But 

again Berger khw hank, winning 

five straight games. Teacher finally 
held serve to force another tie 
breaker, but again Berger pre- 
vailed, ending rite match with a 
good low return that Teacher net- 

Connors put on a vintage perfor- 
mance. Tulasne, another young 
Noah-inspired Frenchman, drills 
the ball at every chance. But Con- 
nors finall y began teeing off on 
Tulasne's serve. He broke to win 
the first set with a hard backhand 

Henri Leconte 

...A 6-2, 6-2, 6-1 virtuoso. 

pass down the line on setpoint and 
broke early in the second set 
In the third, with Tulasne serving 
at 4-5, Connors rolled him right off 
the court with a dazzling backhand, 
a lovely drop shot, a low return and 
— what else? — a backhand return 
that Tulasne couldn't handle. 

Lemon hit two home runs and to help the' Reds edge Pittsburgh, 
pinch hitter Barbara Gar bey’s Rose has 4,186 hits, six away from 
three-run doable triggered a nine- breaking Ty Cobb’s all-time re- TT c D , 

run eighth as the Tigers pounded cord. Mario Soto won for the fust U«9> Open xvesuits 
Oakland. Winner Juan Berengner timr in his last five decisions. 




strode out a season-high nine. 

Mariners 10, Orioles 2: In Balti- 
more. Alvin Davis’s three-run 
homer and Jade Perconte’s five an- 
gles sparked Seattle’s root erf the 
Orioles. In addition to the shellack- 
ing, Baltimore lost catcher Ride 
Dempsey with a badly bruised left 
shoulder suffered when he blocked 
the plate against Tun Presley as 
Presley fried unsuccessfully to 
score on- r third-inning single by 
Donnie Scott. X-rays were nega- 
tive, but Dempsey was wearing- a 
sling Monday. 

Red Sox 10, Twins 3: In Minne- 
apolis, Jim Rice and Tony Armas 
homered to highlight a 16-hit Bos- 
ton attack that boned Minnesota. 


Cardinals 5, Astros 0: In the Na- 
tional League, in SL Louis, John 
Tudor pitched Ms mqor-leagno- 
leading seventh shutout of the year 
as the Cardinals ended a three- 
game losing streak. Tudor (16-8) 
struck out five, walked none and 
lowered his eamed-nm average to 
2B3. “Til be honest with you,” said 
Tudor, in his seventh year in the 
majors. “I’ve never been through a 
streak Eke this in any season. Itf S afl 
new to me.” 

Mets 4, (Sants 3: In San Francis- 
co, Keith Hernandez pinch-hit a 
two-run homer off Mack Davis to 
cap a three-run ninth that gave 
New York its victory. 

Padres 5, Expos 1: In San Diego, 

PfaOBes 4, Dodgers 1: In Los An- 
geles, Philadelphia completed its 
first four-game sweep of ihe Dodg- 
ers since the chib left Brooklyn 28 
years ago. The winners’ Juan Sam- 
uel, 30-fcr-72 over his last 16 
games, tripled, doubled, singled, 
scored twice and drove in a ran. 

G*s 15, Braves 2: In Chicago, 
Keith Moreland and Chris Spaer 
drove in four runs apiece and , three 
bases- loaded walks in' the third 
helped the Cubs to their blowout 
victory. (AT, UPJ) 

TfiM Room! 

Joy dot. Brkm Tooctior.U5.4- 
6. 7-4 17-4). 4-4. 7-4 (7-3). 

Jimmy Connors (4). US. Oof. Th lorry Tu- 
I caret, Franco. 7-3. 4-2. 4-4. 

Ivon Lendl (2), Czechoslovakia. dot. Horn- 
do Do La Pom. Argentina 4-1. 4-1. 4-1 

Heinz Gunthardt. Swtfzarkmd def. Morltn 
J a Ho. Aroontl no, 6-7 15-71.1-4.74 (6-61.4-4.4-1. 

Jdmo Yzoaa, Poru, dof. David Pal*, U-S. 6- 
1 40. 7-4 19-7). 

Fourth Round 

John McEnroo (11. Ul. dof. Tamm Srntd 
(141. Csecheslovnfcia. 6-1 7-5. 4-2. 

Major League Leaders 






























































the year to gfw Chicago its first rookie Lance McQdJers retired aD 

victory in ax games at Toronto this 10 batters he faced to pick up his 
season. fifth save in eight appearances, and 

Yankees 5, Angels 3: In New Garry Templeton delivered a two- 
York, Don Baylor and Don Mat- run single m the second to spark 
ringly hit consecutive seventh-in- the Padres. McCullers relieved 


TbM rmo* 

Monuota Wo w <*>. Butorin, dal. Elise 
Burnln. U.S.6-4.7* 

Koto C omport, U.L dof. Andrea Hof Ikova, 
Czechoslovakia H 7-4 (7-21. 

Zina Garrison (61. U J. dof. Belinda Card- 
well. Now Zealand. K 6-4. 

Pam Shrtvar (4). UA. dof. Anno Hottos. Brit- 
ain. 64 64. 

Foorfh Round 

Marttna Navratilova (21, UA. dof. Catarina 
Undovtjf (131, S w e de n . 64. 7-5. 

CknxHa Kohde-Kllscfi (5).WoN Germany, 
drf. Wendy Turnbull (1«, Australia 07, 7,**- 



BALTIMORE — Recalled Bill Swooooriv. 
pitcher, from Rochester of tho International 
League. Purchased the contract of Lonn Sa- 
kata. Kelly Porto and Tam O'Mat lev; inflaM- 
ers. Brad Havana, pitcher, and Lea H oman- 
dea, outfteMar. from Rn cha rter - 
CAUFONIA— Activated Daryl Scanlon, 
outfielder. Colled up D.W.Smlth. pitcher; Ro- 
ll no Unarea out Devon White, outfielders, 
and Darrell Miller, Inflelder, hem Edmonton 
of the Poctflc Coast League. 

OAKLAND— Recalled Curt Young. Bill 
Kruasor, Jeff Kaiser and Tim Cotvray, pitch- 
ore; Charlie O'Brien, catcher; Steve Kiefer, 
InfMdor. and Jos* Canseco, outfMdor, from 
Tacoma of Pacific Coasi League. 

SEATTLE— Recalled Danny Fertoulf. 
ll e i rt a t e a. from Catory of tho PocWc Coast 

Boggs BoS. 

Brett KX. 

Henderson N.Y. 

Mottlnely N.Y. 

Bortite Oak. 

Lacy BoL 
Butler Cle. 

Cooper MIL 
Seaman Bos. 

Baines ChL 
Bradley Sea. 

Reno: Henderson. New York. KB; RJpkan. 
Baltimore. 92; Murray. Baltimore. VI; Whl- 
, . laker. Detroit. 68; Brett. Kansas aty, 87; Wht- 
— Now York. u. 

. RBls: Matfinafy. New York. 10B; Murray. 
Baltimore. IB; Winfield, New York. W; 
BMnas. Chic a go. 67; Brett, Kansas City, 67; 
Bed. Toronto. 17; Ripken. Baltimore. 37. 

Hits: Booos. Baton. 1*7; Mattingly. New 
York. 168; Bradley. Seattle. 154; Wilson. Kao- 
soo City. 154; Brett, Kansas aty. IS; Cooper. 
Milwaukee, 153. 

Deo him: Matttnoty. New York. 39; Buck- 
ner, Boston. 36; Boo o k Boston, 35; Cooper. 
Milwaukee. 31; Walker. Chlcoea. XL 
Triples: Wilson, Kansas CHv, IV; Butler, 
Cleveland. 12; Puckett, Mbineoata. 12; Bar- 
field. Taranto. I; Cooper. Milwaukee, I; Fer- 
nandez, Toronto. 6; Bradley, Seattle. B. 

Homo Rues: FHfc. Oiknao, 3j; Evan* De- 
troit. 9: BalbonL Kansas City. 2 8; Thomas, 
Seattle, 26; Belt Toronto. 27. 

Stolen Bases: H enderson. New York. St; 
Pettu. California. 42; Wilson. Kansas 
Buffer. CJevetofl, 37; Smith. Kansas City. 32. 

Wso-Lost/WtaQino PctyERA: Guidry. New 
Yark.145. J62.2J6; Sabertnaen. KaraasCltv. 
144. J63.2J1; RamnlcJc. California. 134,484. 
3L92; BlrtoS. Oakland. I0-& 447. XS4; Cowley. 
New York. 10-5. 447, 4J01; Hteuera Mlfwau- 
ke«. 124. 467, 4J4. 

Stri ke o u ts: Blyfevcn. Minnesota. 166; Bmv 
nistar. Chloaaa. 154; Mareh, Detrail. 154; wm. 
Col Honda. 147: Burra. Chlcoea. 145. 

Guerrero LA. 






Rolnn Men. 






Cruz Hfn. 






Gwmn SD. 






Moreland CM. 






Oesfer Cln. 






Saretaera ChL 






Murplty Aft 






Sunday’s Major League line Scores 

Rons: Murphy.Atlonla.VV; Raines. Montre- 
al 96; Coleman, SLLouH. 91; McGee, 
St. Louis. VO; Guerrero, Lea Angeles. 67. 

RBls: Murphy. Atlanta 92; Herr. St Louis. 
89; Parker. Cincinnati SB; Clark. SI. LooIsJM: 
Wilson. Philadelphia 63. 

Hits: McGee. SLLouH. 172; Gwvna San 
D too. 153; Herr. St. Louis. 152; Raines. Mon- 
treal 148; Samuel PMladetpMa. 147; Sand- 
berg, Chicago, 147. 

Daa M s s : Herr, SI. LoutsJI ; Parker, ando- 
natt.31 ; WoHatoMontreaLao; Cni*. Heustan, 
2V; Doran. Hoosfon.2>; Wilson. Philadelphia. 
28; Hernandez. New York, 28. 

Triples: McGee, St. Louis, 16; Samuel Phil- 
adelphia. II: CotenKPi, St. Loul» 10; Roinas. 
Montreal 10; Gladden, San Francisco, 7. 

Ho me Rum: Murphy. AJlonto.34; Guerre- 
nu Loe Angeles, 31; Horner, Atlmta, 23; 
Parker. Cincinnati 23; Schmidt. Philadel- 
phia 23. 

Stoto Bases: Coteman. SL Louis. 86; 
Rainem. Montreal Si; Lopes. ChlazBo, 44; 
McGee, 5t. Louis. 42; Samuel PtiDacMplila. 


Mto-LeN/WtolnaPcf/ERA: Franca On- 
rinnatLll-1,^17, IS3;Goodea New York. 2D-4. 
433. INI; HersMser, Las Anaelea l» NIX 
22V; Hawkins, San Diego, 17-4. NIX 2JB; 
Smith. MontraaL 15-4. Jn. 2J6. 

Strikeouts: Gooden. Hew York. 21V; Sota 
Oncbinefl. 18V; Ryan. Houston. 186; Valen- 
BNia.Les AngoisxT77; Krakow, San Francis- 
co. 14a 

Saves: Rear do n. Montreal 33: Smith, CM- 
CHP0.2S; GossQge.SanDleflo.21; Smith, Hous- 
ton. 20; Sutter, Atlanta. 2a 

Chicago ia ISO wm v i 

TaraalD 600 800 818^1 8 0 

Burns. James (8) and Fisk; Davis. Acker 
(4). Cerattl (7). Caudill (71 end Nicosia, w— 
Burns. 154 L — Oavtx H HRs— Oricaao, 
B nines (15). Kittle (IS). 

OMdaad 000 600 621— 3 10 I 

Detroit an 3os iv» — M U 0 

Okflrwi. Langford (4). Young (6). Atherton 
(7). Kotrer (6). Mura (6) and Heath; Boren- 
ouer. Schemer (6) and Parrish. Costilla (V). 
W Boranoucc. 4a I— CodlrolL 10-11. HR*— 
Detroll, Lemon 2 111). 

to 306 glO— 18 16 2 
6n 118 888- 3 V 8 

Trullllo and SuUhranr Viola. Etrfemla (3). 
FJIson (5). Howe (7) and Sato, Loudner (81. 
W— Truinio. ea L — Viola. 13-12 HRs— Bos- 
ton, Rlae (22). Armas (IV). Minnesota Teufel 

CanfarMo 188 688 808—8 S 1 

New York SM H3 28x~5 ■ 1 

Witt, Holland (7). Smith (81 and Boano. Nar- 
ran (8); Cawtav. Shirley (6), Fisher (8) and 
Hassey.W— Shlriov.44. L— HollonilO-I.Sv— 
Fisher (Ml. HRs— New York. Mattingly 2 
(25). Baylor (20). 

C N vo kwd 152 012 800—11 16 6 

Milwaukee to to 000— 4 11 2 

Smith, Von Oh ten (3). Read (8) and Willard; 
Burris. Walts 12). McClure (4), Saataae (») 
and ScJiraedsr. W— Von OMon.3-1. L— Burris, 
V-lXH Rs Q sv Na n It Carter (VlMUnauksa 
Oolfvle (10). 

Seattle to 323 IN-11 U 1 

Battlmare ns MO 008— 2 7 2 

Young, Lazarka (9) and Scott; (XMarilna, 
Snell (4). TMartmu(S).Aase(V)ond Demp- 
sey. Pardo (4). W— Young, 10-14. 1— OJMar- 
(Inez. 11-4. HRs— Seattle, DavH (13). Balti- 
more, Youna (23). 

City on 300 108-8 8 I 

1B2 I 

Jeckaaa BackwUh (6>.Qulsenberrv (8) and 
Wathan; Mason. Henry 18) and siaught. W— 
Mason. 6-12 L— Jackson. 12V. 5v— Hcnrv (1). 
HR— Kansas aty. Balbonl (38). 


808 080 804—8 7 0 

sl Louts oaaonaoB-sia a 

Niekra Madden (6). Dawtey (6) and Mbar- 
ock. Bai lev IS) ; Tudor md Porter, w— Tudor, 
164 L — Niekra. ML HR— SI. Louis. McGee 
( 7 ). 

PttHburgb on to no-a 6 1 

dnehmatt 000 000 B8M— 3 7 0 

Rhoden, Scurry (8). Robinson (8) tof Pena; 
Sofa. P ower (VI. Franca (V) and Diaz. W — 
Soto. n-15. L— Seurrv. o-l. Sv— Franco IB). 
HR— andnnotl Diaz (3). 

AftolO SOS 280 880— 2 6 3 

Chicago ns 253 Mo— » 15 1 

Barker. Dedmon (3). Camp (5) and Cerane; 
Betglho end Lake. W— Boteiho. 1-2 L-Bork- 
er.3-7. H R&r-Atlanta Chambliss (3). Chlcaae, 
loom (10). 

Montreal 000 DOT 000-1 3 0 

San Diego 120 DM is*— s 8 6 

Youmans. Roberae (6), SI. Claire (8) and 
Butara, Fitzgerald (0); Hawkins. Meddlers 
(6) and Kennedy, w — Hawkins. 17-4. L— You- 
mans. 1-2- Sv — McCullere 15). 

Pbl ig de lnMa in on Mfr-4 V ■ 

Las Anodes on ns 080-1 4 • 

Denny, Carman (V). ShlpanaH (V) and Vir- 
gil.- Reuse. Howell (7). Diaz (V) end Sdascfa. 
W— Denny. 9-11. L— Reuse, 1M. Sv— SMpan- 
off (2). HU— PM)adBft>Ma, Russell (4). 

New York 880 108 063-4 16 1 

San Fnmdtco no to to 3 6 0 

Lynch Sisk (71, Orosco (VI and Reynolds; 
LaPoint, Garrett* (8),M_Davto (VI end Bren- 
IV. W— SUc. 3-5. L — MJtavts, *8. Sv— Orosco 
(15). HR*— New York, Carier (20). Hernandez 

Cardinal pitcher Tudor 

\ . . It's all new to me. ’ 

TELXAS— Activated Lorry Parrish, out- 




Lights, Camera — Kickoff! 

By George Vecsey 

Mew York Times Service 

TJEW YORK — Sports movies used'to be sim- 

ous character actw asking Pat O’Bnen to “Wm 
nmnine movies, tennis movies, everybodylearmng 

Sg dobwMe also experieaciog cnE^BnUsh 


og j# one may again be redundant. 

tne Bgn Cross to come racing 

Fire that one expects ^ rowing heats, 

across d* bndge look and sound of 

music. A tm for 

new-wave Eddie Murphy *■ a 

• erred to Beverly Hffls 

jamaicanpoUce^^^^Tf He teaches ihe 

SU. !«w is the b*cfe™uui- 

On the job, he dresses like a Rastafarian to infil- 
trates biker gang from the Tqpanga Canyon that 
has been tearing up the parking lot at Spago’s. The 
cricket squad, sponsored by a wealthy roar singer, 
played by Tina Tomer, is invited to a police 
tournament in London, but the team cannot com- 
pete unless Murphy conforms to a dress code. The 
movie turns cat whether he will cut his dreadlocks.' 

• “Lost hr Love.” Kris Kristoffexson, Ricky 
Skaggs, Johnny Cash and Charlie Pride are coal 
miners who bet their savings cm their buddy, WiDie 
Nelson, in the Harlan County Horseshoe Champi- 
onships. But he falls in love with a nval, Emmy 
Lou Harris, from another mine. In an O. Henry 
witting , they both try to tank the match to each 
other, while harmonizing on Willie's fide song. 

• “North of the Bader” Too many movie 
spoofs have focused on beer and hockey as the 
tfa pley of Canadian fife, but this movie pOfDXJfS 
another side: lawn bowling in Victoria, British 
Columbia, with an all-Canadian cast. Donald 
Sutherland plays an unscrupulous lawn-bowling 
en tr e p reneur who wants to lure Canadian talent to 
a new league he is building in California. But Len 
Cariou is a Canadian industrialist who assembles a 
home-grown coed team that includes Neil Young, 

Leonard Coheo, the McGarrigte Sisters, Dan Ayk- 
royd, Colleen Dewhmst and Anne Murray. In a 
sub-plot, Jam Mitchell plays a bowler who Ms m 
love with an impoverished lawn-bowling reporter, 
played by Wayne Gretzky- 

• “Rum Here to Third Place.” Thu is a new 
version of the James Jones classic bode, with 
Reggie Jackson portraying Robert E. Lee Prewitt, 
a temperamental slugger who refuses U> bunt with 
the ty ing run on third base. Ron Guidry plays the 
fflpiqt Sergeant Warden who just wants to do his 
job and retain his sedoded locker in the comer of 
the barracks. BSly Martin plays Maggio, a tor- 
mented, misunderstood manager , who is often 

into the brig on unfair charges. The fourth 
main male character, just as in the moyie, is Sgt 
Fatso Judson. who terrorizes his unit with threats 
and punishments until they all wish be would just 
go away. Any suggestions on a suitable actoi? 

TORONTO— Recalled Jatm Cerattl pttch- 
«r; Kefly Gruber, third b as eman, end Rk* 
Leach and Ron Shepherd, outfletdere. tram 
SvraeuM of the International League, to 
leeaetf Ron Mtnwf men and Colin McLouef III 

Saves: Qulsenberrv. Kansas City. 30; Her- 
nandez. Datrott. 28; Moore, CoIttomJo. 24; 
Howell Oakland. 22; Rlahettl New York. 21 

McGee SI IU 468 90 172 JU 

Herr St J_ 125 472 75 152 J22 

Major League Standings 


CHICAGO CUBS— R ecalled Dove Boor* 
pitcher, front Iowa of the American Assodo- 

NEW YORK— Activated Moekle Wilson, 
autflefder; Ron Gardenhlre. short st op, and 
Brace B orewvl plfaier. 

ST. LOUIS— Recalled Randv Hunt, an chor, 
front Oklahoma City of ihe America, Associ- 

SAN FRANCISCO— Recoiled Matt Nake* 
from Shreveport of tf 

Ml Football L 

L-A. RAIDERS— Traded Ted Watts, defen- 
sive bock, lo the N.Y. dents far an undb- 
doevd draft choice. 

MIAMI— Stood Jtai Jaaea auarterback. 

N.Y. GIANTS— Placed Zefce Mowatt, Ito* 
end, on Mured reserve. 

PITTSBURGH— Traded Jim Smith, wto 
receiver, to the L_A. Roldan far an untfls- 
dosed draft choice. 


Cato Rica 0, Canada 0 
Petals: Canada 4, Casta Rica 3. Honduras i. 
Next match: Honduras ot Canada. Seal. 14. 

W L 




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New York 

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— ;.v : 

Ripening Wine Market Murdere ss Role Creates an In stant Star Soviet Idol in HoUyuood 

I o Rv Tor Brown .something many more people can Sjl „, „,Vo « * took the French tnpc teraasetwy ry 

1 jj*<S w 

1 • • 

By Maggie Jackson 

The Associated Press 

T OKYO — In 1983, Hcrve 
Guevmard aave ud his career as 

A Gueymard gave up his career as 
an architect to take over a fanrily 
business, a 20-acre (8-hectare) vine- 
yard that produces about 7,000 
cases of select Japanese wine, a 

Japan might seem an unlikely 
place for a Frenchman to cultivate 
grapes, but Gneymard shares the 
conviction of producers worldwide 
that the wine market in Japan will 
ripen in the next decade. 

“It will be one of the biggest 
markets in the world” — behind 
Fiance, the United States and Brit- 
ain— “within 10 years, maybe be- 
fore that,” Gueymaid, 39, predict- 
ed. “Things are c han gin g and we 
can fed il* 

Growing Japanese interest in the 
beverage, however, has raised ten- 
sions in the market, uncorking of- 
ten-bitter trade problems. 

I jinking land, clima te and a tra- 
dition of wine; Japan's wine pro- 
ducers have cultivated their market 
Bag foreign flair, a chauvinistic 

and West German wines, and an 
American importer, asking not to 
be named, said he learned that one 
import firm that did not even han- 
dle German or Austrian wines had 
seen sales plummet from 3,000 
cases a week to fewer than 100. 


Past Soviet 

W ashington — M iranda 
Richardson is not exactly 
overawed at the idea of becoming 
an instant star. She seems a bit 
peeved with the process and all 
those people who don't exactly 
know who rite is bat want to be 
near her anyway just in case she 
becomes somebody. 

The 27-year-old actress from 
Lancashire, England, was 
plucked from the provinces for 
the lead role in the small film 
nmr-ish “Dance With a Strang- 
er." This invitation whirled a 
slightly bewildered Richardson 
into the British press ami such 
trendy American magazines as 
Vanity Fair. Interview and De- 

"Die way I’ve been explaining 
it to people, if I had known it was 
a leading role I probably would 
have run a mile,” she said. “I 
thoug ht I might be just one of the 
iwm I really didri i know what I 
was getting into.” 

Richardson plays Roth Ellis, a 
self-dramatizing, bottle-blond 
'50s nightclub hostess in Lon- 
don’s demimonde: the last wom- 
an to be hanged in Britain. 
“Dance With a Stranger” is a 

Once regarded solely as an herb- 
al medicine in Japan, wine still en- 

joys only a single-digit share of the 
Japanese alcohol market, although 
its growth is double-digit. 

In the first quarter of 1985, beer 
held 60 percent of alcohol sales, 
whiskey 63 percent and wine just 
over 1 percent, according to the 
trading house Jardine, Matheson 
and Co. Ltd. 

ed with locally grown grapes. 

Foreign vendors, sensing a com- 
ing market boom, voice complaints 
that are familiar to would-be im- 
porters of many other types of 
products — that the Japanese gov- 
ernment has unnecessarily protect- 
ed Japan's winemakers with a web 
of tariffs and duties, and a dearth 
of labeling regulations. 

Jacques Torregrossa, agriculture 
attach* at the French Embassy, 
said, “Imported wines have rough- 
ly a 23-percent share of the market, 
but pay 57 percent of the taxes and 
duties on all wines." 

Yet, an American Embassy re- 
port said, “Japanese per capita 
wine consumption doubled dining 
the past 10 years, reaching Q.8 liters 
in 1983.” In Tokyo, consumption 
reached 1.6 liters a person. 

With a drop in whiskey sales of 8 
million cases in 1984, an increase in 
women drinkers. Western meals, 
travel abroad and a global trend 
toward low-alcohol liquor, market 
watchers say wine will continue to 

WQfie Purcell a Jardine repre- 
sentative, said, "Everything is in its 
favor.” But at the same time he 
complained that impo rter s would 
not easily be able to share in the 

Japan’s rfimatw is so humid 
land so scarce that the few wine 
grapes produced are 500 percent to 
900 percent more costly and 8 per- 
cent lower in alcohol than U.S. or 

something many more people can 
identify with, rather than a par- 
ticular period in someone else’s 

may have some kind of belief 
confirmed about capital punish- 
ment 1 mean, I didtrt go into the 
film for a political reason. But 
afterwards f came out of the film 
much more solid in my convic- 
tions that capital punishment is 
not the answer to all our prob- 

While researching the part, 
Richardson read op on the trial 
watched ’50s films and met Ellis’s 

There are several steamy 
scenes between Richardson and 
Everett, who is something of a 
heaitthrob in . Britain. Working 
with him -was “ah, interesting," 
Richardson said, choosing her 
words carefully. “We didn't sort 
of weak with each other; it felt 
like we were working separately 
within it I don't think there was a 
hostility towards each other, 
which Im sure people would like 
to hear. I think he was hostile to 
certain thing s having to do with 

A Soviet matinee idol who as a 
boy spent his allowance on Amen- 
rt w adventure films has flown to 
Hollywood after being virtually 
shut out of woric in the Soviet aw- 

am. Oleg Vidov, who says he is m 
his late 30s, is described by a Cali- 
fornia film scholar as the Robert 
Retford of the Soviet ancon. He 
was one of bis country's top box- 
office draws through the 1970s but 
defected to Austria in May^In 
1967, Vidov’s Viking epic Tjc 
Red Mantle” won acclaim at the 
Cannes film festivaL The blond, 
blue-eyed actor’s work is little 
known in tbe United States, but his 
friend and sponsor, John Freder- 
ick, said a four-hour television 

mini-series starring Vidov, “Behind 
the Sunrise;” would be broadcast m 
tbe United States. Vidov’s troubles 
started with his directing of a pic- 
ture that criticized the Soviet trans^ 
potation system; he also divorced 
his wife, a close family friend of 
Leonid Brezhnev, then the Soviet 

better and more effmstve. But . • 
they were wrong,'’ said JwepnlJe- 
Iirio. ceUarmastcr at the River 
Cafe in Brooklyn. He said die 137 . 

casestf imported wine sudaiwere '..: 

worth $30,000 wholesale. The ; - 
thieves did not touch, about 
S100 000 worth of California wines . 
and a f gsg of 1961 Ch&teau Lafhe . .* • 
worth $550 a bottle. 


■ **_..> w < , 

The Pittsburgh Symphony Or : /. . Ri 

chestra, under its new music con- . 
soltant, Lorin MaaaL tiumphed .. : •>: 

Sits debut at the Salzburg .Festival 
but the conductor was roll.bttter _"f ; ^ ; .- «« * 
about his departure fromtbeVien- _ - ? A 

na State Opera two yerc iiMji 
four-year contract. “If I bad been. * _ 

in the States,” be said, “I wouldn’t , < 
have dreamed of walking out, bo-., . ; u.. 

cause of my principles and because . - T : 

IfdtIwasonthenghtgrotmd.Bat - 

somber, moody evocation of tbe 
sensational 1954 murder case 
stemming from Ellis’s mutually 
destructive sexual obsession with 
an upper-middle-class racing 
driver, David Blakely (played by 
Rupert Everett). 

Richardson plays Ellis as a 
taut, tough, tight-lipped tart. On 
tbe screen, with her platinum 
hair, eyebrows penciled into se- 
vere angles, and Jungle Red lips 
and nails, she looks more than a 
tittle like a hard-bitten Marilyn 
Monroe, a period-perfect '50s re- 
creation. It is therefore a surprise 
to meet tbe actress in the ’80s — 
fine porcelain skin, -wide, dear 
gray-blue eyes and delicate fea- 
tures. short and mossy sandy 
blond hair. 

European Community varieties, 
aoooraing to the French Embassy. 

Only 20 percent of wine con- 
sumed in Japan is purely domestic. 

Gueymard said, “Imported 
ines cannot compete at the mo- 

and a bottle needs only 5 percent 
Japanese grapes to be labeled 

wines cannot compete at the mo- 
ment Die local market is so wdl- 

The import market recently suf- 
fered another, unexpected blow — 
the discovery In Japan of 35 bottles 
of Austrian and West German wine 
tainted with the potentially toxic 
chemical diethylene giycoL 

No deaths or injuries have beta 
reported in Japan or any of 10 
other countries where the tainted 
wine has been found, but the effect 
has been nothing short of devastat- 
ing, according to some sources fa- 
miliar with the market. 

At least two department stores in 
Tokyo halted sales of all Austrian 

Japanese grapes to be labeled 
“Product of Japan." 

In addition to a lack of laws 
regulating wine labels by origin and 
variety, importers say duties and 
taxes are 40 p erce n t higher than 
those paid by domestic producers. 

Japanese officials defend the sys- 
tem as necessary to protect domes- 
tic producers. 

“It is very diffi cult for us to re- 
duce onr tariffs," said Yoshiro 
Okamoto, deputy director of plan- 
ning for the Finance Ministry’s 
Custom and Tariffs Bureau. “We 
intend to protect first these small 
weak winemakers.” 

Bay lautofflu W alAqpou Pat 

Miranda Richardson: *What I was keeping in.** 

.Trained at the Bristol Old Vic, 
Richardson was working in the 
north of England in a repertory 
production of “The Life of Ein- 
stein" when she got an excited 
call from her agent about a script 

that “could be written for you. 
“He had misremembered 

something about my background, 
you see — not that I’d shot any- 

An Budmald is an vacation. 

body," Richardson said, with a 
cautioning laugh. “He thought 1 
bad come from a similar land of 
background, and had bettered 
myself that way. And that’s not 
the case.” 

Hugging a pillow up under her 
riiin, Richardson said, “I think it 
was probably what I was keeping 
in rather than what I was giving 
out that gpt me the part, because 
the ’50s were a rime of repression, 
with no means for outlet Ruth's 
outlets seemed to be sex and 
dancing, any way to keep herself 
up high all the rime During the 
audition I was very tenseTfelt I 
was being pinned to the wall But 
I must have seemed suitably 
moody and obnoxious, because 
they kept on asking me back." . 

And so, with a time-warp 
make-over and some period 
study, the unknown actress Mir- 
anda Richardson became the no- 
torious murderer Ruth Ellis. Or 
so the British press would have 
you believe. 

“They’re trying to say (hat — 

that the part took me over. Of 
course, Tm not a Method actress 
— if I was, I*d have had a nervous 
breakdown, killed someone and 
have large red marW around my 
neck, now wouldn’t I?" 

Richardson knew little about 
the HHs case when die was grow- 
ing up. *Td heard about her, and 
I suppose I thought, ‘Oh yes, 
right, neurotic murdness. 1 Which 
is probably what a lot people 
thought Now I think, *Oh, hu- 
man odna.’ ” 

it peopl 
*Oh, ha 

ed an atmosphere. But I think tbe 
tendon shows tro in tbe film and I 
think it’s probably right, you see, 
because 1 don’t think those two 
people had any sort of communi- 
cation really.” 

Richardson said that she was 
“hypercritical” of her work and 
not- entirely happy with the way 
the film turned out But what 
about tbe critics, the audiences, 
the glossy magazines? "OJCT 
she admitted. “Not everybody 
can be wrong.” 

Richardson, who just finished 
a historical comedy series for 
BBC-TV called ‘The Black Ad- 
der,” in which she plays Queen 

jjp. Getty D has donated £1-5 
million ($2.1 million) to hdp pay 
for a new spectators’ stand at 
Lord’s, the 200-year-old grourid of 
the Maiylebone Cricket dub in 
Loudon. The donation by the re- 
elusive oti heir, who lives in Lon- 
don, is expected to meet more than 
a third of tbecost of the stand. 


In some ways, Richardson* 
said, Ellis was very simple. But 
through Richardson’s involve- 
ment with the rhararmr as the 
screenwriter, Sbdagh Delaney, 
saw her, EHix b ecame “a complex 
human being like any of os. 

Richardson said American au- 

diences might “fed frustrated by 
the film" became “I don’t think 
they know about Ruth’s story.” 
But, she added, MDce Newell the 
director, “decided to make the 
film about obsession, winch is 

makes a sour face — are “mostly 
pornography. Movies with lots of 
naughty bits. Incest, whatever is 
the trendy thing at the moment.” . 

She seemed to ratrft herself 
playing the world-weary actress, 
an A brightened. 

“I want to carry on donig good . 
work," she said, impressively un- 
impressed with it afl. Tm not 
particularly looking for the man? 
skm and tbe swimming pooL The 
only luxury I would appreciate is 
someone to do my tax for me." 

Several thousand people turned 
out in a rainstorm in Abidjan, Ivo- 
ry Coast, to hear top African artists 

gmg and dance to raise money for 
drought relief. The highlight of the 
show, as well as an indoor concert 
tbe previous night, was the perfor- 
mance of the Zairois superstar 
Franco Luambo Maktafi and his 
T.P.OJC Jazz Band, who flew in on 

butn ^ese^eko of Zaire 
.... Tickets for the hottest con- 
cert in the Midwest — about 75.000 
of them — are sold out: Tbe 12- 
hour event Sept. 22 at the Universi- 
ty of Illinois, to raise money for 
farm relief, will feature acts indud- 
ing WflSe Nelson, Bob Dylan, Bffly 
Jod, The Beach Boys, Jam Mltcb- 
efi and Daryl Hall and John Oates. 

I JCtl l woo p — . 

as a foreign guest, I cannot hope to 

i-hnnge a system of gov ernm e nt ,., 
nor its misguided policies." • . 

The Fort Worth Art Museum- 
has acquired 10 paintings by Rob- 
ert MotfienreS, mchufing a major . 
7 -by- 10-foot (2-by^-mcter) .1981 
painting called Stephen’s Iron 
Crown/ 5 purchased with funds pro- 
vided by a local foundation, said - 
the museum's director, EAi Car- i 
mwn Jr. Nine smaller pain tings > 
were acquired as a joint museum-* -V 
purchase and gift of the artisL 

' -I* 1 *’ 


Prince F< 
to the Spa; 

of Astnrias, 18, bar 
throne, entered the , 

to tbe Spanish throne; entered the , \.rLig .o- ' 
national mititaiy academy Monday : • ! 

for a three-year course. His father, v. ^ ^ 
fine Juan Carios L studied in the n v'-ijjjg 
a^eany 30 years ago. though tft y 1 

Foimlv wac nfftciallv in exile • IS*" — 

royal famfl y was officially in exSe 
in Portugal during Franco’s regime. 


“Yonadab,” the new play by Pe- 
ter Shaffer, will premiere Dec; 4 at 
London’s National Theatre. The.' 
play will reunite Shaffer with direc- 
tor Peter HaB and designer John 
Bury, tbe duo that guided Shaffer’s •' 
“Amadeus” to awards and -acclaim • 
in London in 1979 and mi Brood- . 

hr Pr> 


After breaking into a New Ymk 
restaurant’s wen-stocked wine cel- 
lar, thieves opted for an inexpen- 
sive French mnscadet. “I guess they 

way in 1980. Set in Jerusalem in 
1000 B.C, “Yonadab” recounts the ' 
rape of Tamar, Kin# David's only 
daughter, by her brother Amnon. - 
The cast includes Alan Bates, 
Lei^i Lawson and Wendy Moron. 

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Suita 51, Central, Hong Kong. 



• CTW^ o nogement Servian 

• FortnoiiwBi 

• How to do Stsmes in /or/ 


fal^riro n e igj CKB022 
Tel: 01/211 9207. Tbo B13 062 



Write to Mi hScoie BUN 

91943 LB UU5 CHJEC 




FBWCIARY BAfBQNG on brae cri- 
^•rtfced foam. The only c o mm a '- 
od bar* vmtti a repreientatrie office 
m London toeciabng in ttto senncB. 
Arab O-ersetB Bank & Trud (WJj 

Ld, 28 Hack iVua Road, 
5EI. tel 01-735 3171 





Thif pewhon «4a to an Engfeh moth- 
er tongue tody with severdyoon wpe- 
riente m a Moratory, pre fe r a bly wrih 
She met be dever, enmmic 
teid rteSgent haw ful camnxmd of 
French ond dwrtfemd. bVe mti i y pod- 
Iron far someone to wori tor top 

Amerwm weatwe wrii Prang penoo 

^ ^ g PP° rtj 
ment, Mrs Syfeie Keaard. 


PAWS (1) 758 82 30 

ler.enmg mk 



Hm flurd. See e Wd 

e» an ptfornatand argant aJiu n in 
HWNCE a reovding 

an BumihobsHttNauE 

■Vr7ri»ML. x :.| 


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V77 1 \x r f < W- Wj « X • *' I 


pars m 225 6* u 

CANNES/MCE Jraj 39 <3*4 

RKNKFUST (061 07] 80 51 




fa r ity E ngfah section of to 


lOfae de lawjii 
75002 Pare {French 

“ FREETIMERS! — , ' . 

Seafteire jenne, campetcnte et emlunisbigtci. — 





It! ’’.“’■hi l 

infemafioitcrie de sorvicos 
redlereh ®f pour assisfer son - ; 



[ 1 81? ffr.C - i- 




Tel; 11)727 15 89 Pm. 

MUMCH (009) « 10 4 

S8EM9HAVBV _p<71] C&i 


snsLa af a a 

Leave it to ta to femg 4 to you 

J toeyeride.o pBwiBi 
for tngSjri mother tongue . 


O* Peru 233 17 54 

o* tv4* haut nhraau, •((• ^ tfotUk 

flRylrue ^ ^^ . . 

U ,i f u < ^ ira ^ oi[ wt Pari* (Gworge-V). 

ranumeretioft erf Indtaflv®. ; 

5Ru .^ B -C°f«OL TA NCy 

S, Ru* d.Ja 75008 

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