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INTERNATIONAL 



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Published With The New York Tunes and The Washington Post 

ZURICH, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


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ESTABLISHED 1887 


ing Titanic’s Grave Has Not Ended the Treasure Hunt 


Who Owns What 

".• •• ■ ' Assodated Press 

™«, older 

«hqwredam^l^SiK* * °* ^ ** ^wsands of 

- SSs swmdlzies, 

; ;. :areamed^findiiifr ** lreasare btmtcr 

f wr «ck that’s ever been 

- a lc ^ n g treasure salvager, 

: StEft'CS *? taDdn8 aboat ‘MfasionLxI- 
N body **** ever foun d anything that 

: A Frendi- American team of grientists dairhs m 
' hav ®* oun 4 wwlvideotaped the luxury liner, which 
Struck an iceberg on its maiden voyage and «mV 
.early on April 15, 1912, in 13,120 feet (3,994 
rpeters) of water about 560 miles (900 kilometers) 
-off Newfoun dlan d 

, • ^Therehave been decades erf speculation about 
i|p the ship s location and condition, and especially 
about the value of its contents. 

■ The Titanic .was the biggest and most luxurious 
7?? ° fltstim *» and its 1,513 victims radiated the 
... _ U-S. financier John Jacob Astor and the indostriaL 
&t Benjamin Guggenheim. 

• A fortune in jewels and other valuables is ru- 
mored to have gone down with them. But Give 
Cussfcr, author of the novel “Raise the Titanic! ” 
said he believes there is no fortune, because first- 
class passengers had time to collect their valuables 
and use lifeboats to escape. 

Mr. Macx said that may miss the p oint 

“Each tea cup is going to be worth a fortune.” he 
said. 

. Salvagers now get S1,000 for a German U-boat 
periscope lens. What, he was asked, would a life 
preserver from the Ti tanic be worth? 

• “Whatever the market will bear.” he said. 

The Titanic itself will never be raised, he and 
Mr. Cussler agreed. “It’s just so bloody big,” Mr. 
Marx said. Mr. Cnssler, whose novel told of the 
raising of the. ship, estimated the cost of actually 
* doing it at S3 billion to $4 bQlion. 




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Hie sup po sedly unsuitable Titanic set sail on its maiden voyage in 1912. 


Mr. Marx said that pieces and contents of the 
ship could be recovered “with robots using tools or 
explosives.” 

- Robert Ballard, a scientist who designed the 
remotely controlled craft that carried a television 
camera to the wreck, and who was a member of the 
search team, said that any attempt at salvage 
would be “ridiculous." The French-UA ream has 
proposed making a marine memorial rite of the 
Titanic. 

On Tuesday night, the CBS broadcasting net- 
work showed remote-controlled robot television 
pictures of the ship. CBS said that the videotape 
shows the wreckage lying in a deep ocean canyon. 

The dark and bhirry black-and-white pictures 
showed one of the ship’s huge boilers and its 
stoking doors surrounded by metal rivets. Re- 
searchers reported that they have seen portholes 
and the corroded bulkhead of the officer’s quar- 
tos, according to CBS. 

The Titanic was not only the biggest lino of its 
rime, its builders called it unstnkable because of its 

(Continued on Page 5, CoL 1) 




Bhutto’s Arrest Raises 
Doubts on Ovilian Rule 


Bjr Stcven R. Wtisnian 

No* York Tima Service . • 

KARACHI. Pakistan —The ar- 
rest of Benazir Bhntto. a prominent ; 
:. leadepof ^thc-opporitfOT to'frdB-.. 

. kistah; * has .raised new d oubfs 
among politicians abopt' General 
Zia’s promise to restore civilian 
government.' 

Political leaders, diplomats and 
others said Miss Bhotto’s arrest last 
week surprised many because the 
government said it had no intea- 
« tion of interfering with her move- 
^ ments. 

- Miss Bhutto, 31, daughter of the 

- late prime minister Znlfikir Ah 

- Bhutto, rehnned to Pakistan two 
weeks ago. after a year and a half of 
self-exile, to assist in the funeral 
riles for her brother, Sbahnawaz. 

Upon arrival she proclaimed 
- herself (he leader of the Pakistan 
People's Party,, the once powerful 
political organization of her father, 
and made several statements de- 
minding that martial law be lifted. 

The government then placed her 
under house arrest, charging die 
bad violated the martial law prohi- 
bition against taking (tart in rallies 
and other political activity. 

Early this, week the government 
ordered three dose family mem- 
befs out of the Bhutto mansion in a 
' Karachi suburb. Outside the house, 
policemen carrying rifles with bay- 
. carets have, blocked off the streets 
. jyi and are keeping all visitors away. 
^7 The. arrest was widely con- 

- donned hy opposition potitiaans, 

. including many who are considered 

ber political rivals. The United 
• States expressed dismay and said it 
was expected that General Zia 
would fulfill his commitment to re- 
store civilian government. 

General Zia has ruled under 

- law since 1977, the year he 
overthrew Miss Bhutto’s father, 
who was executed two years later. 

. Political parties have been 
banned under martial law and hun- 


dreds of party activists have been 
jafled. 

In recent months, however, 
many politidans say they have de- 
taied s loosening jj. the political 
atmosphere^A newly elected Nar 
tional Assembly has begun express- 
ing itself on-many issues, some of 
them in mild, dissent. . 

; PcMcuma say there is a consen- 
sus in the assembly that martial law 
must be lifted. In August, Prime 
Minister Mohammed Khan Junqo 
pledged complete restoration of de- 
mocracy by Jan. 1. 

A Western diplomat with con- 
tacts in both the government and 
the opposition said this week that 
Miss Bhutto’s arrest was puzzliqg 
in light of the shift in atmosphere, 
and he said there was no indication 
that the government was revising 
its timetable for ending martial 
law. 

After Miss Bhutto’s arrest, Mr. 
Junejo suggested that her detention 
would actually b rfp the cause of 
restoring civilian government. 

“We are in the process erf lifting 
martial law” he said, reiterating 
the Jan. 1 deadline. “It is essential 
to maintain law and order in all the 
provinces at all costs. This was the 
mam consideration in the deten- 
tion of Benazir Bhntto.” 

Government officials, mean- 
while, said Miss Bhntto had 
brought about much erf her own 
problem by holding a rally at Kara- 
chi Airport, making political state- 
ments and speeches, and taking 
part in a motorcade from the air- 
port to her family home. A few 
thousand people cheered her at the 
airport and the house. 

Politicians and diplomats said 
-she had apparently angered the 
government further tiy announcing 
that she would visit two neighbor- 
hoods in Karachi where there had 
been political disturbances in the 
past. 

She planned to see the family of 

(Continued oa Page 2 , Cot 2 ) 



Nn YoA T«b« 

Depiction of the remote-controlled craft whose camera helped find the wreck. The 
system's designer, Robert Ballard, right, said a salvage attempt would be “ridiculous.” 

Value of Rand Falls Sharply Again, 
Despite South African Intervention 


Benazir Bhntto 


The Associated Press 

JOHANNESBURG — The 
South African rand, severely weak- 
ened by political turmoil in the 
country, dropped nearly five U.S. 
cents in 20 minutes of early trading 
, Wednesday in what one banker 
. called a frightening pl u n e e 
. . - The renewed run on the currency 
. was a blow to the South African 
government, which had tried to 
prop up the rand with a five-day 
suspension of trading until last 
Monday. 

“The euphoric situation which 
developed on Monday when the 
rand strengthened has evaporated 
totally,” 1 a foreign-exchange dealer 
said as the currency stamped from 
its level of 41 JO cents Tuesday. 


“It’s very political," said the 
dealer, who spoke on condition of 
anonymity. “People are worried 
about their money. It’s frightening. 
y^e can’t stop the drain.” 

” Toe government's Reserve Bank 
intervened later Wednesday as the 
currency hovered near the record 
low of 34.80 cents that it hit a week 
ago when trading was suspended. 
With the Reserve Bank selling 
scarce dollars, the rand recovered 
in later trading to close at 38 cents. 
In London, it closed at 39.75 cents. 

Bankers said that market jitters 
were exacerbated by fears about 
the stability of South Africa's third 
largest bank, Nodbank, which last 
week closed its foreign brandies 
rather than face demands from for- 


eign banks for loan repayments. 
The government has suspended 
some foreign -debt repayments. 

Meanwhile, renewed racial riot- 
ing erupted overnight Tuesday 
around Johannesburg and Cape 
Town. Attackers in Cape Town 
buried a gasoline bomb into the 
home of a mixed-race legislator, 
extensively damaging her house 
and burning ber car, the police re- 
ported. 

In New York, the head of the 
South African central bank com- 
pleted a round of talks with U-S. 
finandal officials and commercial 
bankers and said he plans to meet 
with European banks to discuss 

(Continued on Page 2, CoL 3) 


Monied Priests and Wives Ask Vatican to End Ban 

They Say^ That With World Shortage of Clerics, Church Policy Must Change 


By EJ. Dionne Jr. 

New York Times Service 

ARJCCIA, Italy — The meeting 
was small, but with a large name 
and a passionate cause. 

The Universal Synod of Married 
Catholic Priests and Heir Wives 
brought together about 120 persons 
from at least 14 countries intent on 
persuading the Roman Catholic 
Church to permit priests to get 
married — and, more immediately, 
to allow former priests who have 
married to resume their ministry. 

The married priests who gath- 
ered recently in this mountain town 
outside Rome share the belief that 
the church will eventually be fenced 
to change its view that only celibate 
men can be priests, if rally because 
of the shortage of priests around 
the world. 

They are divided, however, in 
their attitude toward Pope John 
Paul n, who insists that priests re- 
main celibate. 


Some, like Joseph Bukovchik, an 
American from San Diego who 
with his wife, Ann, is still active in 
the church, express admiration for 
the pope, even if they disagree with 
his stand on married priests. 

“John Paul is a very good man 
and like all of us faces thmgs he has 
to reform and change,” Mr. Bukov- 
chik said. “Do I love the man? Yes. 
Am 1 glad he is pope? Yes. Do 1 
pray for him? Yes.” 

Others take a less friendly view. 

Remarking on the silence of the 
Vatican press concerning the meet- 
ing, Giovanni Gentian, a spokes- 
man for the synod, put the issue 
rather sharply. 

“In this case,” Mr. Gennari said, 
“Pravda is identical to L’Osserva- 
tore Romano and the pope is exact- 
ly like Pieter Botha: married priests 
mid their women are- die blacks of 
the church.” 

The only official Vatican com- 
ment came from the chief spokes- 


man, Joaquin Navarro Vails, who 
said in response to questions: “The 
position of the Vatican is dear on 
this problem. It has been said 
many, many times before.” 

The meeting at a trade union haD 
here was designed in large part to 
dramatize an issue has been 
fought for more than two decades, 
and in some ways for almost 2,000 
years. 

In a theological document issued 
at the meeting, the married priests 
■ traced the ban on married priests to 
the Tj reran Council in 1 139, which 
said that marriage was prohibited 
to priests “in order that God’s 
pleasing purity might spread 
among ecclesiastical persons and 
sacred orders.” 

Hie Lateran Council’s ruling fol- 
lowed centuries of debate, a debate 
that is in some ways still going on. 

Some of the earliest Ch ri stians, 
following older religious traditions, 
exalted virginity and celibacy over 


the married state. Sl Ambrose, 
who was bishop erf Milan from 373 
to 393, exalted celibacy as “more 
honorable than marriage.” In the 
same period, Sl Jerome and SL 
Augustine took, if anything, an 
even stronger position in favor of 
celibacy. 

But the church had difficulty in 
enforcing the celibacy rule up to 
the 19th century. 

And the married priests point to 
Other Christian traditions, more 
sympathetic to sex and marriage, 
that find expression in the Easton 
Orthodox Church’s acceptance of 
married priests, among other 
places. 

A statement by the American 
delegation said, “Mandatory celi- 
bacy is not a dogma of the church, 
but rather a discipline, which has 
been and can a gain be changed." 

The theological debate has im- 
mense practical ramifications. The 

(Craztizzoedoa PageS, CoL 6) 


Soviet Threatens 
ito Lift Ban on 

i 

j 

Space Weapons 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — Hie Soviet Union 
announced Wednesday that it 
would consider itself free to deploy 
/anti-satellite systems in space if the 
United States proceeded with a 
planned test of an anu-satdliie 
rockeL 

Two years ago, Yuri V. Andro- 
pov, the Soviet leader at the time, 
announced that the Kremlin was 
adopting a unilateral moratorium 
on the testing and deployment of 
anti-satellite weapons. 

Mr. Andropov, who died in 
1984, said that the ban would re- 
main in force as long as other pow- 
ers, including the United States, 
-refrained from similar testing and 
deploymenu 

President Ronald Reagan in- 
formed Congress on Aug. 20 than 
the first operational test of a U-S. 
anti-satellite rocket would be car- 
ried out 

Wednesday was the first day un- 
der the notification given Congress 
that the test could take place. 

In Washington, sources said that 
the air force had planned to con- 
duct the test late Wednesday but 
that the Pentagon postponed the 
experiment to ensure compliance 
with the congressional notification 
requirement 

Several congressmen were 
briefed Tuesday to expect a test 
Wednesday, a source said, “but 
then the legal people determined 
the 15-day notification period actu- 
ally doesn’t run out until nridnigh : t 
tonight, so there's not going to be a 
test today ” < 

The sources, who refused to be 
identified, declined to say whether 
a new date for the test had been «?eL 
A Pentagon statement, however, 
said that it would be later this 
month. 

The two-stage rocket is carried 
aloft on an F-15 fighter, homes in 
on the target with infrared and: oth- 
er sensors and destroys it by ,force 
of impacL t 

A statement from the bffidal 
press agency Tass, a form of - report 
thought to reflect the highest offi- 
cial thinking in the Kremlin, said: 

“If the United States holds tests 
of anti-satellite weapons against a 
target in outer space, the Soviet 
Union will consider itself free of its 
unilateral commitment not to place 
anti-satellite systems in space 

“The entire responsibility For the 
further development of events wffl 
rest entirely on the American side.” 

The United States hat: said that 
the tests and research on anti-satel- 
lite weapons are needed! to match 
Soviet development of similar 
weapons. 

The United States believes that 
the Soviet Union cond ucted a test 
of a simple anti-satellit e weapon in 
the late 1960s. U.S. officials have 
argued that it thus is necessary for 
the United States to conduct simi- 
lar testing and achieve parity. 

Moscow, which has never offi- 
cially acknowledged that it has de- 
veloped space-based weapons, 
claims that current sipace arms are 
far more sophisticated and that the 
United States is nmnsferring the 
superpower aims race to space. 

The Tass statement said that the 
US. dedrion to bold the test of the 
anti-satellite rocke t “is nothing but 
an action direct!}/ leading to the 
commencement o If the deployment 
of a new class of dangerous arma- 
ments — strike space weapons." 

Without referring to any specific 
statement or diplomatic approach, 
Tass said that (bt Soviet Union bad 
warned the United States last 
month of “the inevitable negative 
consequences” of going ahead with 
the tests. 

It said that the United States was 
warned that the Soviet moratorium 
on deployirient of anti-satellite 
weapons could remain in force onty 


as long as no other nation conduct- 
ed tests. 

The Tass statement accused the 
United States of deliberately creat- 
ing what it called “an artificial im- 
passe” over space weapons being 
discussed at tne arms talks in Gene- 
va, charg in g that the Americans 
refused to contemplate a ban on 
such armaments. 

The Soviet Union has repeatedly 
called for what it says would be a 
ban on the militariza tion of space, 
insisting that it would be prepared 
to make drastic cuts in its nuclear 
arsenals in exchange. 

The latest such statement came 
Tuesday, when the Soviet leader, 
Mikhail S. Gorbachev, told eight 
U.S. senators visiting the Kremlin 
that be would be ready to make 
“the most radical offers” on nucle- 
ar arms control if the United States 
agreed to prevent the militarization 
erf space. 

Robert G Byrd, the Senate Dem- 
ocratic leader, said that Mr. Gorba- 
chev told the group be would be 
prepared to make offers to reduce 
strategic and medium-range nucle- 
ar arms “the very next day” if U.S. 
agreement was forthcoming on 
banning space weapons. 


8 Are Killed, 
In Protests in 
Guatemala 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

GUATEMALA CITY — Eight 
persons have been killed and hun- 
dreds have been arrested here in 
two days of dashes between Guate- 
malan security forces and student 
demonstrators protesting price in- 
creases. the police said Wednesday. 

Army troops were deployed and 
public schools were closed in an 
attempt to control unrest in the 
Guatemalan capital on Tuesday, 
two months before scheduled presi- 
dential and legislative elections to 
restore civilian rule. 

National Police detained 516 
people and 22 were injured, includ- 
ing three police officers, in the. dis- 
turbances Monday and Tuesday, 
Mario Ramirez Ruiz, a police 
spokesman, said Wednesday. 

The disturbances began Thurs- 
day after the military government 
of General Oscar Humberto Mqia 
Victores raised public transport 
prices by 50 percent Since then. 10 
persons have died in violence. The 
protesters also oppose recent in- 
creases in bread and milk prices. 

About 3,000 soldiers backed by 
armored vehicles fanned out Tues- 
_day night across the city and its 
lower-class suburbs, the rite of the 
fiercest dashes. The police used 
tear gas to break up demonstra- 
tions by thousands of young peo- 

Hie army occupied Guatemala's 
national university, the University 
of San Carlos, which has been (he 
center of the protest movemenL 
The police also took over second- 
ary schools. 

Eduardo Meyer Maldonado, the 
university rector, confirmed that 
troops with armored vehicles had 
moved onto (he campus. He called 
the action “an abuse of power” and 
said be had not been informed be- 
forehand. 

The rector said it was first time 
that the university, which has been 
autonomous since 1944, has been 
occupied by government troops. 

However, in a radio broadcast 
Wednesday, General Mejia Vic- 
tores vowed Co ensure law and or- 
der until the culmination of the 
election process leading to the 
handing over of power to an elected 
president next Jan. 14. (AFP, AP) 


INSIDE 


■ ■■ - 

'' , 'fc 


W) 



■ Japan Air Lfaes was strongly 

criticized by the Japanese gov- 
ernment for main te nan ce 
program. Page 2. 

■ President Reagan wa rned 
Republican critics in Congress 


Israelis Assert Security Zone in South Lebanon Is Working 




■ A pronrineat supporter of In- 

dia’s prime minister was kuled, 
and four died in a waveof at- 
tacks in Punjab. r*6® 5 

SCIENCE 

■ Specialty adapted computers 

let disabled people compete m 
mainstream emplpymentand 
education. "S 6 *- 

BU SlNESSf FINANC E 

m US. apfatod c onditi ons 
have slumped so badhf 4ai U» 

TOMORROW 

A U S businessman in Hawaii 
is on’ trial for defrauding OA 
agents of hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars. 


By Thomas L. Friedman 

New York Tima Service 

MARJAYOUN, Lebanon — Israeli mil- 
itary officials in south Lebanon and Tel 
Aviv say that the smirity strip established 
three months ago in smith Lebanon has 
proved its wrath. 

“After three months in operation we can 
ay that the security zone is fulfilling its 
function even better than some of its angi- 
na] proponents expected,” said Uri Lu- 
brani, the coordinator of Lebanese affairs 
in the Israeli Ministry erf Defense. 

Initially, some Israeli poHcyrnakers had 
• spoken of letting “nature take its course” 
and allowing the Shiite Amal militia to 
gradually assume control of the area from 
the Israeli-backed South Lebanon Army. 

But the Israeli commitment to main tain- 
ing the security strip, winch extends from 
three to 12 miles (4.8 to 193 kilometers), 
was clearly in evidence at die headquarters 
of General Antoine Lahtfs South Lebanon 
Army in Marjayoon, three miles north of 
the Israeli border. 

South Lebanon Army soldiers wearing 
Israeli- made uniforms mingled casually in 
the compound with their Isradi advisers. 


some of whom sat on window sills playing 
guitars. 

“When Israel was puffing out in June,” 
General Lahd, leader of the 2,000-man, 
predominantly Christian South Lebanon 
Army said, “a lot of Israeli officials were 
against g the security zone and the 
SLA. Now there is a majority in favor of h 
and l am confident they will remain.” 

The recent Isradi endorsement of the 
security zone is based on several factors: 

■ Only two Israeli soldiers have been 
killed in action in Lebanon in five months. 

■ Although there have been some Kay- 
tusha rockets fired into northern Israel 
from south Lebanon, including several re- 
ported Wednesday, they have been both 
rare and hannit-gg 

■ While there have been at least ri^hl 
suicide car-bombs, and one exploding 
mule, directed against the security zone, 
almost all of them wee absorbed at .the 
front gates, far from the Isradi border. 

Not a single Isradi soldier was killed in 
these attacks, only Lebanese. For Israeli 
officials, it is not the number or size of 
attacks on the security zone that determine 
its merits but the number of Israeli casual- 
ties. 


Why has the security zone worked better 
than many expected? Israeli military offi- 
cials point to several factors. 

The first, they say. has to do with the fact 
that a “game” of sorts has been gradually 
worked out between Israel and the Amal 
militia, enabling both sides to pursue their 
interests without direct conflict 
Tbe game, say Isadi military officials, 
works like this: Amal is “allowed” to 
launch attacks on South Lebanon Army 
positions inside the security zone to keep 
up its image as being at the vanguard erf the 
Shiite struggle against the Israeli presence. 
“We don’t begrudge (hem that,” an Israeli 
official said. 

However, Amal is not allowed to other 
launch attacks into northern Israel or 
against the 400 to 500 Israeli advisers and 
soldiers working in the security zone. Amal 
must »lw use its influence to curtail at- 
tempts by Palestinians or radical' Shiite 
organizations to launch attacks on Israel 
from areas north of the security zone, and 
it is doing this. ■ 

In return, say Israeli military officials. 
Israel has adopted the policy erf generally 
not retaliating for Amal attacks an the 
South Lebanon Army by bombing Shiite 


villages in south Lebarion. Israeli retalia- 
tions for incidents in the security zone in 
the last three months have been confined to 
air strikes against Palestinian and pro-Syri- 
an Lebanese guerrilla/ bases in the Bekaa 
Valley around the town of Bar Elias. 

The only major exception was a “wrist- 
slapping” raid into several Shiite villages 
near Tyre last week, to “reaffirm the rales 
■of the game;” after' several rockets were 
fired into Israel, Israeli officials said. 

Isradi nriKtary officials say that they 
have deliberately not disputed Antal's ex- 
aggerated c hmw of (infBcring “hundreds of 
casualties” on the South Lebanon Army 
and Isradi troops in the 20 to 40 incidents 
that take place in . the security zone every 
week. 

These claims bdp Amal satisfy the rad- 
icals and the Syrians,” said a senior Isradi 
military official ’ 

The security zone, say Isradi officials, 
gives Amal a! “punching bag” against 
which it can demonstrate its radical cre- 
dentials, wh3e| pursmng its larger objective 
of consolidating its control over the rest erf 
the sooth, i 




Nabatfye 


MILES 

0 to 


LEBANON 


•Jazzin 




ut *"rRizr-aM^ zopE 

SYRIA 




SOLAN 

HEIGHTS 


ISRAEL 


Nw York Tnan 


security zone, say Israeli military officials, 
has been the fact that the Isradi presence 
in south Lebanon is now so s mall it is no 


Contributing to the effectiveness of the (Continued on Page 2, CoL 5) 





Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 



1. Calls MIA Talks 
'Most Positive’ to Date 


By Bernard Gwertzman sion with the Vietnamese” a Slate 
Sew York Timex Service Department official said. “They 

• WASHINGTON—- HieReagan did not raise any preconahdoos for 
'administration has declared that cooperation." 
talks last week with Vietnamese of- In previous meetings, .Hanoi in- 
fidals in Hanoi were “the most dicated that progress on the miss- 
Positive" to date in the 12 -year ef-. ing-m-action issue would depend 
fort to resolve the problem of on whether the United States 


Americans unaccounted for is the 
Vietnam War. 

: In one of the most concQialoiy 
statements ever issued about dis- 
cussions with Hanoi, a State De- 
partment spokesman, Charles E 
.Redman, said Tuesday: “1 am 
pleased to state that the talks woe 
very productive." 

He also said that the meeting 
“took place in a constructive atmo- 
sphere." 

• A four-member U.S. team kd by 
Richard K. Childress, political and 
military affairs director of the Na- 
tional Security Council staff, met 
last week with the acting Vietnam- 
ese foreign minister, Vo Dong 


.minister, Hoang Bicfa 

Originally, a higher-level US. 
delegation, led by Richard L. Ar- 
mitage, an assistant secretary of 
■defense, and Paul D. Wolfowitz. 
assistant secretary of state for East 
■Asian and Pacific affairs, had been 
^scheduled to meet with Foreign, 
'.Minister Nguyen Co Thach. But 
'when Mr. Thach informed Wash-! 
ington on Aug. 23 that be had to 
travel to Moscow, Mr. Annitage 
and Mr. Wolfowitz canceled their 
plans to fly to Hanoi 
The assumption at that Hma in 


would improve relations with Viet- 
nam or grant it aid. 

Neither issue was raised this 
time, even though us. ofiGcials 
strongly believe that Hanoi'- still 
hopes to achieve both. 

Mr. Redman that die Unit- 
ed States conveyed to the Vietnam- 
ese “an outline of a process to re- 
solve the issue in Vietnam within 
two years" and that Vietnam “pre- 
sented its own plan to resolve the 
issue in a short time.” 

“There are a number of common 
elements between the two con- 
cepts," he said. 

A total of 1,820 Americans miss- 
ing in Vietnam are earned on ont: 
of two rolls — those who were ai: 
one time listed as prisoners of war,, 
or missing in action, and those wha> 
were believed to have been killed in 
action but whose bodies have not 
been recovered. 

Despite the recurrence of motion 
picture and other accounts that as- 
sert that Americana are still bong 
held captive in Vietnam, State De- 
partment officials say there is no 
evidence to indicate that any of ttye 
Americans are stdl alive. 

But there is a desire, they said, to 
; dear up questions raised by report- 



Japan Air Ones Maintenance System 
Criticized by Government Ministry 



pi 


WORLD BRIEFS 


•V\ 


¥■ 


By John Burgess • 

Washington Post Service 

TOKYO — The Ministry of 
Transport strongly criticized on 
Wednesday many of Japan Air 

Tines* maintenance programs and 
recommended that the airline put 
“more work" into inspecting its 
planes. 


kagi, said in a statement that Ins 


Japan Air Luxes employees 
'1 this recommendation sol- 
ly and seriously," he said. “Be- 
cause of this accident we have lost 
the trust ai passengers and society 
at large." 

The uhnisuy’s statement did not 
blame poor maintenance for the 


That followed an emCT^ncy sur- accident, tat it noted “hxsrridon? 

cilitxes after a jumbo jet crashed mpy 
last month, killing 520 people. 


the 

re- 


Yasnmoto Takngi 


JAL's president, Yasumoto Ta- 


Value of Rand Falls Sharply 
Despite Pretoria’s Support 


fleet seriously on the social respon- 
sibility of the air travel business," 
the statement said. 

Each of the five fatal accidents 
tiiat the airline had been involved 
in prior to last month's were 
blamed mi pilot error. 

On Aug, 12, a Boeing 747 
crashed into_& ftft rr 


(Continued from Page 1) 
South Africa’s financial problems. 

Gerhard de Kock, governor of 
the country's Reserve Bask, said 
that South Africa needs no new 
loans to meet its debt payments, 
only time to straighten out its fi- 
nances due to the reluctance of 
some American banks to roll over 
their previous loans to South Afri- 
ca. 

He said at a news conference 
that South Africa has declared a 
“standstill” on its loan payments 
until the end of the year, not a 
“moratorium." The measure, be 
said, is doe to political consider- 
ations, not economic problems. 

“No American bank will have 


Aug. 28 to SepL 1 while Mr. de 


Kock traveled to Europe and- the 
to consult uni 


ed during a flight from Tokyo to 
Osaka. 


short-range model of the 747, de- 
veloped for domestic service. Many 
of these flights last less than an 
hour. Although the jets have spe- 
cially reinforced bodies, investiga- 
tors are studying whether the shock 

of constant takeoffs and landings 
may have created undetected dam- 
age. 

On Aug. 22 and 23, Transport 
Ministry officials carried out emer- 
gency inspections at Japan Air 
Lines maintenance facilities at 
Haneda Airport, Tokyo's domestic 
te rminal and the international air- 
port at Narita. 

The transport minister, Tokuo 
Yamashita, handed Mr. Takagi 
written notice that the minis try 
wanted the airline to take five spe- 
cific steps and submit a new main- 
tenance pr o gram to the ministry 
within two months. Those steps 


KagparovWins ^ ^ . 

firsfraxne rflta wri^tittectwt^ Wednesday without . 

.y-.! r5SE2La,i aSh^- Mr. Spur, opens aid Some Bond 
telfrlSSmE )SwmthetwofiMlg«o«“>‘l“pn™<o 

that Mr. £ 3 4 three times m a. row. . 

k Kmhati The ftat.plgg to TO A 

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retains his: 


T unica Ends Trade Links With Libya 

TUNIS (Reuters) ■ — Tunisia announced Wednesday t hat it was en ding • . 
JlSteUl*a mi Ate its origmot item from - 
awntiy. The moves were prompted by the recent opnlsam feom L*yn 


-rlK . -1 J- 

■vK'z - 




ftL* KTw j-H Itoj 

bilateral committee to oversee an orderly return of the workers over two 


y - •: i v 

1 Jsi 

* 

As- 4 ' : ,-v 




l^r" Ji ■" 


said that security forces had seized explosives and 


United States to consult with gov- 
ernment and bank officials. 

“Obviously we hod a problem 
with short-term debts not bong 
rolled over by U.S. banks." Mr: de 


Investigators have yet to settle 
on a_ cause, but are focusing on 
theories that the jet’s rear bulk- 
head, a large, umbrella-shaped 
structure that seals the rear of the 


arc! in r n nyjn ttlSHJ* wi» »■"* gw*n aa »-i — r— — - . . ■ ' t • • 

• Better inspection of the pres- arrested Libyans whom be said had 
surized cabins of 747s. Ding to destabilize the Tunis ian government He gave tno - detaflfcnf the 

nudibcr of people arrested, but added that they would soon be stawn on 
television. 




^ .y * 1 


t - :■ 


Kock said, “but we have taken care fuselage, suddenly collapsed, re- 


Washington was that the Vietnam- .«* of Westerners who. problems nonperforming 

ese. who had initially nr noosed COUla be Americans. • 5, k, coi^ 


ese, who hod initially proposed 
“high-level talks" to resolve the 
question of the missing Americans, 
were having second thoughts. But 
the lower-level mission headed by 
Mr. Childress was authorized to 
have “technical talks." 

State Department officials said 


; The United States has said that it 
would not normalize relations with 
Hanoi until the missmg-in-action 
question was resolved. 


to South Afriau he said. 

are those on 



frica closed its foreign 
exchange and stock markets from 


of thaL and I am sure confidence 
will return." 

He said that European hanks 
“have given no indication of not 
rolling over their credits to Sooth 
Africa" as they come due. South 
Africa, he said, has about S 6 billion 
in short-term debt, of which about 
$2 billion is owed to American 
banks. 

“No country can pay off all its 
credits in three months,” Mr. de 
Kock said. “So we will have to 
negotiate a rescheduling with the 
banks in this period.” Meanwhile, 
be said, all interest payments will 
continue. 

■ De Kock Details Talks 
In a television interview in 


air pressure with such 
explosive force that h danuwi»d the 
rail 

A collapse of tins sort could haye 
been caused by metal fatigue or 
previous structural damage- Faults 
of this type are supposed to be 
detected and corrected by routine 
inspection and Tn.imtwpanri^ 

An inspection of the fails of the 
69 Boeing 747s operated by Japa- 
nese carriers was ordered alter the 
accident Of the first 41 planes 
checked, 23 were found to have 
some type of “abnormality," al- 
though m all cases the fault was 
said to be so insignificant as to not 
threaten safety. 

The jet that crashed was a special 


• Better inspection of each jet's 
body structure, with special atten- 
tion to parts that have been re- 
paired.' 

tant struc^raf^srctions^iM. 
should check all c<mipnn«»ntc in 
these sections rather than just a 
sample. 

• FuU adoption of past recom- 
mendations. In some maintenance 
manuals. JAL did not incorporate 
changes recommended by the min- 
istry following an accident in 1982 
in which a jet overshot a runway 

while landing in Shanghai and 

came to rest in a field. 

• Tougher enforcement of safety 
programs. 

Japan Air Lines already has in- 
ternal safety bodies and a system in 


pi*' 1 ' 


un- 


FBI Pressure on Union Chief Reported 


WASHINGTON (NYT) — After authorizing Jackie Presscr to have. ■ 
ople who did no work on the Teamsters’ union payro ll, age nts of the .1 
JI several times rejected his requests to dismiss them, according to jaw 
enforcement officials. - 

They said Mr. Presser, the president of the Teamsters, suggested , 
removing the employees of his hometown local in Gevdand. who wan 
paid salaries for no work because he had tired of the arrangement, bid the ; ‘ 
FBI instructed him to retain the workers as a means of acquiring 
information, officials of the Justice Department said. 

The Justice Department is conducting an internal investigation of the. 
handling of the case by the government, including the FBL~ 


For file Record 


place, the mudstiy said, tat “it is 
difficult to 


say that they- are effec- 
tively working.” 


Bhutto Arrest Raises Doubts ZSSttV&wS. 
Un Civilian nine m Pakistan 


IsraeA security forces arrested seven Palestinians in the 
Bank on Tuesday night and imprisoned them without 
sources said Wednesday. The arrests followed the killing " 
Israeli soldier and the severe wounding of another in Hebron. 



Ifcf - - 

S-- 
tv v-jr 

ft 

tap r*- . 

S=^: L Xi; 


League of Families of American 
Prisoners and Missing in Southeast 
Aria, was surprised to find that the 
Vietnamese officials were ready, 
even at the secondary level to dis- 
cuss for the first time all aspects of 
the issue. 

“This was the first time that we 
had a totally nonpolemicaJ discus- 



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(Continued from Page 1) 
a man executed for taking part in 
an airplane hgadting in 1981. The 
hijacking led to Miss Bhutto's orig- 
inal arrest and imprisonment for 
-almost three years before she went 
Into exile in 1984. 

Associates of Miss Bhutto de- 
nied that she had done anything 
inflammatory. 

“There was no justification for 
thin arrest.” said GhoJam Mustafa 
Jatoi, acting bead of the Pakistan 
People's Party. “The government 
sim ply wanted to provoke our par- 
ty and its workers so they woold 
have: a pretext to keq> martial law." 

Mr. Jatoi said Miss Bhutto and 
party officials had gone out of their 
way to avoid any overt demonstra- 


tions while she was here. He said 
she had strongly indicated her in- 
tention to leave Pakistan soon to 
take care of her ailing mother in 
France. 

Most opposition politicians ap- 
peared to have adopted a strategy 
recently of accepting Mr. Junqo's 
deadline of Jan. 1 as the next test of 
General Zia’s intentions, with the 
expectation that they could more 
effectively rally support if martial 
law were not lifted by then. 

As analyzed by some politicians. 
General Zia may be under conflict- 
ing pressures. On one side, the 
United States and some of his sup- 


de Kock confirmed that he had met 
with bankers in New York, and had 
talks in Washington, The New 
York Times reported from New 
York. 

Mr. de Kock said he met with 
Paul A. Vdcker, chairman of the 
Federal Reserve Board; Gerald E 
Corrigan, president of the Federal 
Reserve Bank ai New York, and 
Jacques de Larosiere, managing di- 


Israeli Officials Say South Lebanon Security Zone Works 


-.atK 

jk Dei i Rrf ar: 

•jfcjhs* f-* v ‘ 


a?- 


fif'5 


(Continued from Page 1) 
longer the top issue an the State - 


mounted by Christian-led pro-Syri- 
an groups from Beirut because, as 
an official put it, “the Syrians are - 
having some trouble with their Shi- 
ttepraxies." 

Finally, the South Lebanon 


from toe Christian east could reach 
the Moslem western sector, faced, 
with severe flour and fuel sbart- 


fagmg di- 
rector of the International Mone- 
tar^Fund. 


Army has hdd together as a police 
intelfipen 


Amal does not have an interest 
in expending all toe energy it would 
have to expend in order to try to 
remove our last small presence, 
when it needs to mobilize so modi 
of its resources to defeat the other 
radical Shiite groups and get its fair 

In New York, banking sources share of the Lebanese cake in Bei- “ numirea anm* men m me aoum 
said that Mr. de Kock had visited rul" said an Israeli military offi- *f ecto< *® r °™ 

the Morgan Guaranty Trust Co., dal their posts m Shiite villages of toe 

the Bankers Trust Co^ the Qiase Israeli officials, by warning toe securlt ^ zone * 

Manhattan Bank and the Mamifac- south Lebanese that “fife will not ■ Car Bomb m ZaUe 
hirers Hanover Trust Co. None of be worth living” for them if they a car bomb Wednesday in the 

attack northern Israel, have dearly central Lebanese town of Zahle 


I Israeli Air Strike 

Israel announced that its jets alp 


tacked a Palestinian guerrilla base 
Wednesday southwest of Zahle, 
Tta Associated Press report*!. / 
It was the 11 th Israeli atr 
into Lebanon this year. 


steals: a 

jasii Reriiy-* 
ifensscN if*? 

w 

rtdift ?'■ 

BansHc. B ';s i 
i idoffitiT. D-n. 
OfncuL' 


force and intelligence network, 
much better ihan the Israelis ex- 
pected. Only about 70 out of sever- 
al hundred Suite men in the South 


U.S. Rules Out Cambodia Arms 


porters say he must sooner or later 
brine Pt 


iring Pakistan back to civilian gov- 
ernment, even if it is with him as 
president 


the banks would confirm his visit ^ ^ 

officially. Last week, he met! with gotten through to most of iheXeb*-. killed TO persons and wmmded 40 
John Reed, toe chairman of.Gti- nese Shiite pqmlation. . ' . .Reuters said, citing radio reports, 

bank, which is believed to be by far Israeli military officials note that .In Beirut, Masfcm Tn.Hn- ae aW 

toe largest American bank creditor all of the recent car-bomb, attacks, mandedthe 
of South Africa. 


The Asackaod Prets 

WASHINGTON —The United 
Slates has ruled out military aid to 
Cambodian guerrillas despite a re- 
port that Pol Pot is stepping down 
as leader of the Khmer Rouge. 

“We do not now and we have no 
plans at tins tone to provide weap- 
ons to the non-Co mnumis t Cambo- 
dian forces," the State Department 


specified UJS. aid to nou-CamnnH 
aist guerrilla forces in toe countty. 

A coalition between the nbo- 
Communist forces mid the Com- 
munist Khmer Rouge has raised 
concerns that Mr. Pol Pot m %ht 
dominate a new government At 
least one million people Were Irfllwi 
when Mr. Pol Pot took control of 
Cambodia a decade ago: in <1979, 




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it: ««;■ 


EflJLVN JSLAN 
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cwtheFfsci^o: ! 


Excellence engineered by Krupp 


ITT 




Krupp designs and builds seawater desalination 
phnls that can produce up to 30 million litres of 
highest -qualify drinking water daily. 


/ • • /■ >W\w-*.t 


The Med 


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so good 


Seawater covers over 70% of our 
planet’s surface. Potentially an inexhaust- 
ible reservoir to quench man’s thirst, 
improve hygiene, wafer the crops omd 
help keep the wheels of industry turning. 
Krupp Indushietechnik* is one of the 
world's leading manufacturers of water 
treatment plant. 


Getting on for 300 litres of water are con- 
sumed daily by each of the one million inha- 
bitants of Riyadh, capital of Saudi Arabia. 
Roughly the same per capita figure as for 
the USA. 



; . In the Arab world arid elsewhere, however, . 

* ' rising population figuresond efforts to raise;: 


i mdaton 
i alvcttir: 
of tature 
Ik doer [ 
Maddii 

> voviaj i 
: wtupi 
{ cokr afc 
.< bncefej 


the standard of hygiene are set in sharp 
relief against the Jack of bountiful water 
sources. 


The answer is to apply modem technology 
to convert seawater into drinking water, 
Krupp can draw on a wealth of experience; 
in the design and construction of desalinar 
tion facilities - over 3,000 plants bear 
witness to that. 


Ten litres of seawater are processed.to pro- 
duce one litre of pure distillate. Nine litres are 
returned to the sea with a slightly higher- salt v 
content. Before the distillate can be used bs — 
drinking water, essential minerals have to W 
added. It is therefore 'blended* with filtered 
seawater until fully meeting WHO stan- > 
dards. 


# -sv -■« | 

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End of story? Not quite. The plants built by 
Krupp are vivid proof that problem solutions 
do not have to be one-sided but can strike a 
perfect balance between environment and ? 7 
economy. Witness our water-treatment * 
noise^ttenurfion and heat-recovery fadliti^V 
Witness our fluegas desulphurizing scrub- 
bers and electrostatic precipitators for cdal-' 
tired power stations.: / 


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I NTKK NATH ).\.VL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


yy\c*x*s& 


Reagan Warns Republican Critics in Congress Against Attacks 

' Bv DavIJ U-if JL. ^ O 


% Pavid Hoffman 

nr* Pest & "In 

ZSRS2?» - *Md« 


congressional chaU 
oen few months on 


in the 
tof do- 


ta*± caas not l ° at- 

ESutsr****** 

•tessssss 

2SKf> benefit JSSfiS 
jhjwe m has party who tunaedonlS 
S“g“*. a senior White 
Man y in Con- 
s'*® ^** 1 elections in 1986. 

TTk official described Mr. Rea- 
,24; (J““ a “shot across the 


'They’ve taken a lot 
of heat and a lot of * 
questions were 
asked.’ 

Robert J- Dole 
Senate majority leader 




have wno 

the . crilical of publican strategists, -Stuart K. dan for an overhaul of the n 

lssucs ’ the Spencetva veteran Reagan adviser, tax, which the president has 
“Vrw't the White House political ad- the center of his fall agenda. 

n,«r\vL- ™e crunch, now’s the viser, Edward J. Rottbos. had made The confrontation betweei 


r l think it is going 
to be one of the 

i 

most contentious 
times.’ 

Lloyd Bentsen 
senator from Texas 


dan for an overhaul of the income he is mrKryd u> veto the sanctions both houses of Congress range 


ing on proposals to reduce price 
supports for wheat, corn, cotton, 
rice and other commodities. But 
the cost projections for the new 
proposals far exceed those assumed 
in the budget outline approved 
Aug. 1 by the House and Senate. 

While the president has threat- 
ened to veto price supports he re- 
gards as excessive, the continued 
erosion in the financial picture for 
fanners is putting pressure on Con- 
gress not to make major cuts. 

On the budget, the House has 
approved eight of the 13 appropria- 
tion bills, while the Senary has ap- 
proved two. Some of the remaining 
appropriation measures are expect- 
ed to be approved by both houses 
of Congress and sent to Mr. Rea- 
gan before the end of the month. 

Congressional leaders still ex- 


Ir-TV House official approval rating with the American 

" 7° ? s ummarizing Mr. Reagan's pubKc was an important asset to 
ranarfa. followed a briefing Republican lawmakers seeking re- 


fm t>u» - wumiub «w sanctions against the South African 

congressional challenges election next year. The two thus government over its policy of racial 
coming up °a spending bills, the believe it would be cocnterproduc- separation. The House, after reacb- 

Oebt call no tnd- «U- r L. LM k‘. u e n v»i utj. w_ - . .7 .1 - 


- The House of Romeseatatives Twenty-two Republica 
returned Wednesday bom summer seats are at stake in 1986. 
recess. The Senate will convene __ _ , 

Monday. The cabinet meeting was * Issues Before Congn 
Mr. Ragan’s first since his return Jonathan FUerbringerofTheNew 

this week from a three- week Cali- York Times reported from Washing- 
fonua vacation. . ton: 

Senator Lloyd Bentsen, a Demo- Major issues before Congress in 


Twenty-two Republican Senate the compromise next week, 
ats are at stake in 1986. Aides to Mr. Reagan, have said 


crat of Texas, said this week; “I the coming weeks will pit the "I". A TV 1 - TV_ - _ 

think it is going to be one of the Houseagainst the Senate and both IT! AflfrlTIlOdlCt ITOtfiSt 
most contentious times since Tve bodies against President Reagan. “ m. 


SSSS’stss s^cST-'^r,^ 

Js>“ over to* policy is to yrddng ebss djttricttjrf the “ >»»< 

adytopiey.teyrolemthe effort T™ie policy asd farm pri^ *7Za 1. ».*. 


The expected points of confron- 
tation with the president range 


tax, which the president has put at bill, which was approved in the from specific bills to restrict textile pect to be faced with passing an 
the cotter of his fall agenda House by more than the two-thirds imports to broader proposals to omnibus spending bill before Ocl 

The confrontation between Coo- vote needed to override a presides- curb imports from countries, espe- 1 that will cover programs whose 
grass and die White Hoose is ex- tint veto. The Senate approved its dally Japan, that restrict access to individual appropriation bills have 

__ peeled to begin with approval in initial version by more rh»n a two- their own markets while exporting not been acted upon. A veto threat 

r&m ftA-T t *T£| ia 7 2 if 1 E> Mr Reagan's pubKc was an important asset to the Senate of a series of economic thirds vote. goods to the United States. from the president on the omnibus 

«nar». ims followed a briefing Kepublicanlawmakers seeking re- sanctions against the South African n , - - IL “Most everyone in Congress bill could one of the major confroar 

9nttw congressional ch alleng es election next year. The two thus government over its policy of racial feels 11111 SHnething has to be tations of the month. 

0 i2 end ?S bills, the ^eitwoddbecooitoproduc- sqtaration. The House, after reach- SlJEJwJ done," Senator Bentsen said. [Congress is not likely to meet a 

farm Mil . hve for Republicans to attack Mr. ing a compromise with the Senate, JfJkJE'S Mr. Bentsen is sponsoring a bill Sept 30 deadline to renew U.S. 

md South Africa, anKmg other is- Reagan despite differences'- with has already approved sanctions. __ JL“ JJ that would impose a 25-percent tar- efforts to dean up toxic waste, 

“■ The Senate is expected to vote on aai * 011 iff on goods fr^ countries that do members of Congress have told 

the compromise next week. not try to reduce their trade surplus The Associated Press. Legislative 

Aides to Mr. Reaganhave said Trade leg i slation proposed in with the United States. He said that work is near a standstill because of 
■n., — - he expected Congress to approve congressional uncertainty, they 

some form of import curbs but that said. 

« pm /~t| a T *1 1 Mr. Reagan would probably veto it [Congress has only 16 working 

/ / I illlPQDfi \ I QllDn 80(1 t ^ cre would not be enough days to wrestle with a complex is- 

• ■ ^-4 1 il l C/dJ-M-O xU. C/ J Uilv/U support to override. sue and get an acceptable bill to 

The farm bill may be one of the President Reagan before the expi- 

T__ A i* ~ TB * 1 g T> ,, _ ■ ■ thorniest problems. ratkm of existing law, under which 

I ip IM l« nflQCne T rroiesi . Agriculture committees in both the Superfund clean-up effort is 

the House and the Senate are work- financed.] 


The Senate is expected to vote on 


77 Chileans Are Jailed 


^ ^ ^ unpu^ iff on goods from countries that do 

not try to reduce their trade surplus 
Trade legislation proposed in with the United States. He said that 

he expected Congress to approve 

some form of import curbs but that 
l T *1 1 Mr. Reagan would probably veto it 

[wa I nil snd there would not be enough 

AT C/ J CUT A3 IT support to override. 

The farm bill may be one of the 

het Protest 

^ House and ^ ^ work . 


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iy /u 9 - may be at the carter of the . from economic qqivftnng • a gains t 
dilute over trade policy and is South Africa to the federal budget 


to redesign the income tax system, port legislation are also expected to 
Robert J. Dole, the Senate- ma- cause problems, 
jority leader, said Congress was re- Before the month is over. Con- 
tunring in a testy mood. - gress has to approve the spending 


Soseproblemk drenbomefrom school on Wednes- patrolled Santiago s mam 

Before the month is over Con- day in response to caBs for a mass traffic junctions and guarded the 
grass has to approve the spending protest against the mffitary regime atj^ subway system, 
hills for mnnino th* P nv«Wn!in of President August© Pinochet. On Tuesday, not policemen fired 


“It's always a little testy when bills for rummg the eovenWt^ of President August© PinocheL On Tuesday, riot policemen fired 
you come bade from a recess," said fiscal 1986, which beams Oct 1. The police arrested 77 students tear gas and jets of water to dis- 

T>«l. T> ^ 1 • r. . itiwmn mi f/uiannS. f WgJ* CtltfiMllC trt 1 S HprtVnntfTtL. 


Mr. Dole, Republican of Kansas. Mr. Reagan has said he will veto onratg demonstrations on rour 
“Members have- been home or any appropriation bill he thinh is versity campuses Tuesday n 
they’ve been somewhere arid too high. The effort to approve the ^ d*sses were canceled afte 
they've heard a lot of things. And spendiun bills could be farther bor unions and leftist opponen 
they've taken a lot of beat and a lot hu n General Pinochet called for si 


during demonstrations on four uni- perse students in 15 demoostra- 


night tions, including a high school pro- 
ter la- test where youths set fire to tires in 
ats of the street to block traffic, 
street — — ■ 


they've taken a lot of heat and a lot implicated by the need to raise Gownd Pinochet called for street 

of questions were asked.” - the ceiling on the federal debt, also demonstrations Wednesday to 

Senate Republicans have been posribjybrfore the end of Sepuan- press demands for ckmocracy. Iran’s President Inaugurated 


^-increasingly independent of the 
■ White House this year. Under Sen- 


ec • • - Traffic was running at half its 

A dearttn dr on cither the spend- normal pace in central Santiago on 


Reuters 

TEHRAN — Iran’s leader, Aya- 


ator Dote, the majority leader, they ing bills or the debt ceiling could Wednesday and residents of oully- fo iiah Rnhollah Khomeini, inaugu- 
have threatened to go their way on threaten to bring the government to ing areas said there were few buses ralec j p^dem Ali Khamenei, 46, 


budget issues, producing some ‘‘ a halt 

opai conflict with theWtriieHouse , Meanwhile, the House Ways and 
chief of staff, Donald T. Regan.. . Means Committee is scheduled to 
Officials said that two seaioir Re- begat writing its veiskm. of legala- 


and taxis on the streets. 


ou Wednesday for a second four- 



Meanwhile, the House Ways and In woikmg-dass areas, demon- year term. The swearing-in ceremo- 
Means Committee is schedoled to stralms set fire to barricades of ny took place in a mosque attached 
begin writing its version of le&sltt- tires to block traffic and schools to the ayatollah's residence. I 




Maine Indians: Asset-Rich but Cash Poor 




ByBobprqgin. 

>' LasAngSex-lana Soviet •' 

INDIAN ^ ISLAND M«M 


over the Penobscot River, pass a fake totem pcGe 
and a three-story gray woodenlepee wirii a^igtr 
advertising moccasins, wind through a Warren 
of batteittf wood-frame homes, then knock on 
the door behind the while Baptist Church. 

Madeline Shay, 70, sits in a small living room 
weaving delicate baskets of brown ash and 
sweet grass. Her husband, Lawrence, watches a 
color television set Both wear heavy silver 
, braedets and chunky tnrquoise ringa Both are 
»■ J full-blooded Penobscot Indiana. And both are 
ccmfiMed. 

“People think we’re wealthy," said Mr. Shay, 
73, a retried caustrucrioa worker with gravd m 
his vojeeand iron in his grip. “Theythmk we’ve 
got lots of money. Well, it’s not that way at aJL” 
His wife added; “If we’re so rich, why can’t 
we afford our own home? If wdreso rich, why is 
evewaxestiDsopoor?" • ^ 

Many of Maine’s Indians are as k in g srimlar 
questions, nearly five years aft tt^ Cck^y^ 


dy tribes$8IJ mfllion to settle lawsuits in winch 
the two tribes had darne d 123-miHian apes (5 
million hectares>of land, nearly two-thirds of 
the entire state, taken from t hem since 1770 by 
whites. 

Since 1980, the two tribes, once powerless and 
pennile ss, have become financ ial entrepreneurs 
with growing political and economic dout They 
have bought vast tracts of Maine’s timber and 
blueberry barrens, two profitable radio stations, 
the largest cement plant in New England, a 
tape-cassette factory and mare, blew investment 
. offers, from shoppinginalU to a slaughterhouse, 

’^arrive daily- . . . 

1 But at home, unemployment is chronic, wel- 
fare is endemic arid housing is short for marry of 
the 4,200 tribe members scattered cm three re- 
mote reservations in Maine’s Deep Noth 

^Thrir future, in large part, lies 150 miles (240 
kflometas) south in Portland at the antique- 
filled offices of Tribal Assets Management, an 
investment bank and legal firm created m Octo- 
bo* 1983 to manage the. tribes’ assets. 


"The goal is to create for the tribes a wealth 
that is permanent and ongoing and provide jobs 
jand income for generations to come," said the 
firm's president, Daniel A. ZUkha. 42. ■ 

The firm helps the tribes nse leveraged 
-buyouts, tax-free Indian bonds and other cre- 
ative ffimnemg methods to buy operating com- 
panies away from the reservation. In a leveraged 
buyout, a group buys control of a company with 
borrowed money to be repaid from anticipated 
. future revenue. 

The tribes’ success is the world of high fi- 
nance has drawn attention across die state and 
the nation. • 

Tf s a story with a kind of happy aiding for 
all involved,'’ said Marne’s governor, Joseph E 

Tf we’re so rich, why is 
everyone still so poor? 

Madeline Shay - 
Penobscot Indian 

Brennan, in Augusta. “They’re participating. 
They’re players at the table. They’re getting in 
the economic mainstream.’’ 

John Fritz; manag er of the Bureau of I ndia n 
Affairs and' deputy assistant secretary of the 
Department of the Interior in Washington, 
agreed, saying: “It’s a good role model for other 
tribes. All of a sodden, we’ve seen the tribes of 
Maine go from bang an adversary of the people 
of Maine to probably being the biggest capital- 
ists in the state.” 

Mr. Fritz said the Maine tribes were “the first 
to lode beyond the reservation boundaries” for 
long-term economic development They wiH not 
be die last, according to^ Tnbal Assets Manage- 
ment’s co-founder, Th omas N. Tureen, 41, a 
lawyer who led the tribes’ bitter legal battle in 
the 1970s. 

On Ang. 2, Mr. Tureen, acting for the Lac Du 
Flambeau band of the Lake Superior Qrippe- 
was in northern Wisconsin, completed a 123.7- 
mflli rm leveraged buyout of the Rmpsoo Elec- 
tric Company, which makes electrical test 
equipment. 


The 2;00&- member Chippewa tribe used the 
future profits of the company, which employs 
900 workers in five Midwestern factories, to 
gain financing froin Barclays Bank PLC, UBAF 
Arab- American Bank and EF. Hatton Group. 

“It’s revclutionaiy in Indian country,” said 
Jim Jannetta, Chippewa tribal attorney, of the 
financing arrangement. “And the potential eco- 
nomic impact, not only for us but the stare, is 
tremendous." 

Mr. Tureen said Tribal Assets Management 
was also representing or negotiating to buy 
properties or businesses for the Puyallup and 
CoMPc tribes in Washington state, the Mescale- 
ro Apache in New Mexico, the Navajo. Hulapai 
and White Mountain Apache in Arizona, the 
Cherokee in North Carolina and the Pequot 
tribe in Connecticut. 

But many Maine Indians object that few 
Penobscots or Passamaquoddies have found 
jobs through the investments. Reservation un- 
employment ranges from 20 patent to 60 per- 1 
cent, compared to 7 5 parent in nearby white 
communities. • 

Welfare, state assistance and food stamp lev- 
els actually have increased, tribal officials say. 

“We’re cash poor," said Mary Socoby Yar- 
mai, lieutenant governor of the 800 Passama - 1 
quoddies at Pleasant Point, a 100-acre rocky 
seaside spit near Maine’s border with Canada. 
“We haven’t gotten one thing from the invest- 1 
meats to help the people." 

Ralph Dana, 62, owner of a 52-miIHon truck- 
ing and construction company at Pleasant ( 
Pont, the largest privately owned Indian busi - 1 
ness in the state, said: Tt’s creating political 
turmoil on the reservation.” 

There are positive signs on the reservations. 
New schools, tribal offices and community cen- 
tos have been bo3t on all three. Medical care 
has improved. The Passamaquoddies have be- 
gtm joint police and ambulance services with 
nearby towns, where Indians once were refused 
haircuts. 

• “It’s like a 180-degree turn,” said John Ste- 
vens, 52, governor of about 16,000 Passama- 
quoddies at Indian Township, a 33,000-acre 
reservation north of Pleasant Point. “Now, they 
want to cooperate. They’re beginning to treat us 
litp tnmuin beings.” 


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in one of the fastest-growing states in the 
USA, a piece of the unspoiled, romantic old 
Southwest. 

Sangre de Cristo Ranches is a subsidiary 
of Forbes Inc., publishers of the highly re- 
spected American business and financial 
publication, Forbes Magazine. The land be- 
ing offered for sale to you is a part of the 
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50 miles away, the ranch ranks among the 
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Page 4 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


NASA Calls Latest Shuttle Flight 


By Judith Cummings 

New York Tima Service 


EDWAR ds air force 
BASE, California — The space 
shuttle Discovery's latest trip into 
space, which ended Tuesday, was 
“a near-perfect mission,'* accord- 
ing to a U.S. space agency official. 

The Discovery’s seven-day mis- 
son with five astronauts aboard 
was highlighted by two maM raiifg 
by two sew members, Dr. James 
D. van Hoftec and Dr. William F. 
RsIkz, to perform a delicate repair 
on a satellite that had faded to 
achieve its orbit in April. 


ministrator of the office of space shortly after the shuttle blasted off weather and then a computer fail . 
flight of the National Aeronautics last week Cram the Kennedy Space ure. -mM-sne one of 

and Space Administration, said Center at Cape Canaveral, Ftonda. 

here thatthe aflmg satellite's prog- TT* crew had to rely on slower thec^tey 

nosis for achieving full perfor- mechanical equipment. stuck partly op®* jiovnwml 

mance lootedpoStive but U was Mr. Moot® said that evidence mechanical arm was discovered to 
too early to tefl. Its rockets are to be still was sketchy that turbulent be damaged. . • 

fired in about two months, after weather from what later became Four more shuttle missions are 
signals are sent from Earth to repo- Hurricane Elena had been the planned for tins year. 
sition the satellite so that sunlight cause of the damage to the arm The Atlantis, the: mws^ adfc- 
can warm its frozen fuel supply. assembly. two to 

Mr. Moore, the official who He noted that the L«5at3r^ue ly «*eAdedtol jegdied^.3 

termed the space mission “near- was the first to be perforated bj[ a 

perfect,” aid that the satellite res- shuttle mission on a comnraaal dewasrofledart wtelamBlmi* 
«e “demonstmted the vriue of ateffite.* said^t adds m ^ 


people in space.” 

Tne repair of the Leasat 3 


uue oi aiame-neMu uaiuiu ““““ ^ «i«W. 

om experience base and our cus- Then, the Chal l enger is scftefl 
—also tomers should take note of it" nled to conduct a West Gam 


oew for achieving the mission's 
original objective, the deployment 
of three new satellites, in addition 
to the corrective maneuver. 
fosse W. Moore, an associate ad- 


iuc repair oi me Leasau — aiso unuHssuuuiuu»*iit«vv.i- —7- — — . . rw 

called Syncom 3 — satellite, buih The Discovery’s mission, the scientific mission, banning ycj. 
by the Hughes AiraaftCoI took 20th flight in the shuttle program 30; the Atlantis is to fly a^m witii 
two days because of damage to the since 1981, ended more smoothly commercial cOTimumcaDons saia- 
controls of the dbow of the Discov- rhan it began a week ago. There lites in late November; anatM 
ay’s 50-foot ( 13-meter) mechanical were two countdown postpone- Columbia is to 
arm. The damage was discovered meats in three days because of bad with a mission in late December. 



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U.S., Soviet Must Use 
' eet fflg? Arbatov Says 

Arbatov a v!!iv — Gcorgt A. He would give no details of Sovi- 
Ame riea n a^i^ 5flzn s P ec * a ** st in a proposals. “We have proposed 
that the IJni f^ 5 hc h*Rwes serious things" through annoonce- 
et Union mu ?£&?* ***»*' ™ ots OT “ confidential negotia- 
stunndt forthcoming Pens with the United States, he 

SonTorW^ 8 10 na P rowe 
^.^lose the opportunity for . 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 



n't 


For example, Mr. Arbatov said it 
Yhi* , .. is his personal view that there coold 

te Moscow’s Insti- he a fresh approach to easing the 

an intJzHJ J ZC A ’ . an ^ Canada, in dan Scrs of tactical nuclear wap- 
and v esda y with editors 003 deployed by the United States 

tnn f f om T* 1 ® Washing- and the Soviet Union in Europe, 

the anns «*5w£ Thcse weapons have been dis- 

i&r to* most prom- cussed only imfirectly in earlier 

Rrtbfid a n COrd betw e*n President an3as talk* he said. 

Reagan and Mikhail & Mr. Arbatov plans to spend 20 
JESS?®*** A* Soviet leader, in 4*3* in toe United States partid- 
~~ «ov. 19-20 meeting in Gene- paring in public and private meet- 
ings and gathering impressions to 


i.cV\S2£ vS< ?' wil11 Tune magazine 
«st Wednesday in the KremUn !— 
where Mr. Arbatov sat next to him 
Gorbachov complained of a 
^“paign of hatred” and a h «*. 

nario of pressure” bv Lhe ou production, Mr. Gorbachev vu- 

“tonmistS^eatSg^^. ^ thoSo^t UnionJ mam^ 
summit meeting. 8 ^ **d gas-produemg region of Tyu- 


take homo to Moscow. 

■ Goibacfaev Vbits OOfields 
Signaling concern at the highest 
level of the Kremlin over declining 
oil production, Mr. Gorbachev vis- 


- 1 


The White House spokesman, 
Speakes, has complained 
tout the Sovi.-t Union is nong the 
American press to present its case 
before the upcoming meeting, 
Wide refusing Mr. Reagan and 
U-S. officials access to the Soviet 
press. 

Mr. Arbatov reiterated both the 
strong Kremlin concern about re- 
cent U.S. actions and statements 
and Moscow’s readiness, to mak** . 
what he called major proposals, es- 
pecially in the arms fi dd 

He said that there has been a 
serious deterioration of relations 
between the two countries in recent 
weeks for at least three reasons: 

•A critical speech on Aug.' 19 by 
Robert C. McFarlane, Mr. Rea- 
gan’s national security adviser. 

• The U.S. announcement of an 
anti-sateffite weapons test 

• UJL assertions that Soviet se- 
cret police had used tracking chem- 
icals against American diplomats. 

Mr. Arbatov attributed the de- 
velopments to concern in the Rea- 
gan administration that Soviet ini- 
tiatives — sudz as a moratorium 00 
l nuclear tests — “might interfere 


gas-producing region of Tyu- 
men in western Siberia on Wednes- 
day, Reuters reported from Mos- 
cow, citing the Tass news agency. 

Tyumen supplies 60. percent of 
the nation's oil Soviet production 
readied a peak of lL33-nriItion 
bands daily in 1983, but by last 
January output had declined to as 
average of T 1 Q- mflti on, according 
to official statistics. 

. Petroleum expats earn about 60 
percent of the foreign exchange 
that the Soviet Union needs for 
Western imports, notably grain 
and advanced technological equip- 
ment. 

. In the view of Western econo- 
mists, Soviet planners will be 
pressed to meet the ^percent in- 
crease in oil production projected 
for 1985. The seriousness of the 
problem was underscored in Feb- 
ruary when Nikolai A Maltsev was 
dismissed, as oil minister and re- 
placed by the minis ter for natural 
Vasily. A Dinkov, who regular- 
had exceeded his production tar- 



Married Priests Meet, 
Ask Vatican to End Ban 


Relatives of the prominent New Defln council member, Aijun Dass, wept outside a hospital 
following his slaying. His bodyguard also was killed and six other persons were wounded. 

Gandhi Supporter Killed by Gunmen 
Following Wave of Attacks in Punjab 


Reports in the official press have 
indicated problems with gas pro- 
duction in Tyumen, with delay in 
drilling , pipelines, roads and elec- 
trical power. 


Finding the Titanic ’s Grave 
Won’t End Treasure Hunt 


(Contmned.froin Page 1) 
double steel hull and waterproof 
compartments. • 


But an iceberg, hit as the Kner 
tat 22! 


ers had reviewed the history of 
Oxnar d’s merger with White Star. 
‘The ship «mk 22 years before 
_ Canard had involvement in White 
was steaming, at 22 knots (22naoti- > Star". Mr. Crisp said. The depres- 
cat jnffis to hbnrV imt swiaf toe 3 93Qscaused White Star 

(90-m#t!r) gash ados* ^*6 hfie its^nps, and oon- 

partriieaits. thel&ro sank toont stp^&an of the Kner Queen-Maty 
two aadonohaff Jk*hs lateral hajbeen halted’ferlacfctf funds. 
2:20 AM. oaAjwit 15. Seven bun- . Tte,Bnteh government, as a 
dred arid tl p^eweiesaved,b«t «»&«» for prowdmg capital to 


1,513 tied. 

It is unclear who owns the IV 
tmuc. Under admiralty law, a ship’s 
owner retains rights to the wrrek 
unless they are abandoned,' or un- 
less an extrawdmarify long period 
of time has passed smee ibe smk- 

London, a Cimard line direc- 
tor said Wednesday that Ins com- 
pany does not own the week even 
though that line had merged with 
the White Star line, which had op- 
erated the liner. 

Bernard Crisp, toe Cuoard offi- 
cial, said' he doubted that anyone 
had legal title to the Titanic, and 
certainly not Cimard, although that 
had not been dear until legal advis- 


finish the Queen Mary, Fostered ihe 
merger between Canard and White 
Star, he said 

“AD we acquired were their ships 
and trading name," Mr. Crisp said 
“We didn't acquire the company, 
which went into liquidation.” 

Asked who might claim to own 
the hull, he replied, “Nobody, I 
would expect” White Star, which 
would have some rights, no longer 
exists, he said 

Mr- Crisp said that descen da nts 
of those who lost their lives and 
property when toe Titanic rank 
.would have rights to theposses- 
sons that went down with the ship. 

Normally, courts allow salvage 
teams some share of then' findings 


Rouen 

NEW DELHI — Gunmen killed 
a prominent supporter of Prime 
Minister Rajiv Gandhi here 
Wednesday following a wave of at- 
tacks in the state of Punjab. 

All toe attacks apparently were 
made in an attempt to disrupt the 
SepL 25 elections in Punjab, the 
authorities said The one in New 
Delhi occurred about 12 hours af- 
ter gunmen killed four persons in 
Puxyab. 

In an attempt to head off rioting 
and attempts at revenge, the New 
Delhi police commissioner, Ved 
Marwah, imposed a seven-day ban 
on gatherings of more than five 
persons. Security at airports and 
railroad and bus stations was tight- 
ened. 

In Punjab, gmmm using subma- 
chine g»™< and pistols struck eight 
times, killing four persons and 
wounding nine from 7 to 8 P.M. on 
Tuesday. 

Then in^he Indian capital they 
gunned down Arjun Dass, a New 
Delhi council member of Mr. Gan- 
dhi's Congress (I) party. Mr. Dass 
had been linked by civil rights 
groups to toe anti-Sikh riots ihal 
killed more than 2*500 people after 
the assassination of Prime Minister 
Indira Gandhi, Mr. Gandhi's 
mother, last October. ■ 

■ Mr. Dasv'46, was killed five 
weeks after gunmen shot and lolled 
another Congress (I), parhamentar- 
ian, Laht Makes. Both men report- 
edly were on an extremist Sikh “hit 


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.to. 


5-9-85 


list” for their part in the fall vio- 
lence. 

Mr. Dass' bodyguard also was 
killed and six persons were wound- 
ed in the bafl of bullets fired at the 
politician's office in a south Delhi 
market. 

The depnty.police commissioner, 
Pereira Kamath, said that three 
gunmen — one wearing a turban 
identifying him as a Sikh — arrived 
on a scooter outside Mr. D ass's 
office at 9 AM. 

Two men sprayed toe office with 
more than 30 bullets, then all three 
escaped on toe scooter into rush- 
-hour traffic. Mr. Dass was hit by 
at least five bullets. 

Mr. Gandhi rushed from his of- 
fice to the hospital who* Mr. Dass 
had been taken and several thou- 
sand other people also gathered 
there to pay tbeir respects. 

The Press Trust of India news 
agency described Mr. Dass as a 
“close associate” of the Gandhi 
family. He had risen from bicycle 
mechanic to become a key power 
broker in New Delhi politics and 
was closely linked with Mr. Gan- 
dhi's younger brother, Sanjay, who 
died in a 1980 plane crash. 


The Punjab attacks Tuesday 
night were described by the police 
as a coordinated offensive. Gun- 
men arrived at the homes and 
shops of their victims on scooters, 
and struck in such districts as Am- 
ritsar. Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur and 
Jalandhar, all extremist strong- 
holds. 

Press Trust of India said that 
security officials were reviewing ar- 
rangements for the Punjab election, 
including a suggestion that candi- 
dates wear bulletproof vests at all 
times. 

The Hindustan Tunes newspa- 
per said Wednesday that security 
officials were worried about the 
whereabouts of nearly half the 
2,000 young Sikhs released over the 
past few weeks following their de- 
tention as suspected extremists. 

They were freed as part of Mr. 
Gandhi's peace plan for Punjab. 

The newspaper said that security 
officials feared that toe missing 
men, most of them of the militant 
All India Sikh Students Federa- 
tion, had regrouped into small as- 
sassination squads. 


(Continued from Page 1) 
synod’s participants es timat ed that 
anywhere from 70,000 to 100,000 
priests have gotten married over 
the two decades since the Second 
Vatican Council ended. The issue is 
alive not only in the West but also 
in Africa, where many priests are 
known to have f amilies 

The married priests argue that 
with the shortage of priests around 
the world, the church cannot afford 
to maintain its position. 

“The whole issue is a woman's 
issue,” said Frank Bonnike, a mar- 
ried priest who works as a hospital 
chaplain in Illinois. “You can’t be a 
priest if you are a woman or many 
one." 

Anthony Padovano, a theology 
teacher who lives in Morris Plants. 
New Jersey, said an attitude to- 
ward women as “an occasion of 
sin” was central to the traditional 
view on celibacy. 

“We see women as an occasion 
of love,” he said. 

In their fight for a married 
priesthood, toe married priests 
have toe open support of a handful 
of bishops and the quiet support, 
they say, of many others, notably in 
Brazil and in the United States. 
The married priests would like the 
issue to come up at November's 
Extraordinary Synod of Bishops, 
though it is as yet unclear bow bold 
liberal Catholic bishops will be at 
that meeting. 

Under John Paul, there have 
been two seemingly paradoxical 
vends. 

On toe one hand, the process of 


freeing priests from their vows has 
been slowed down radically. John 
Paul is more reluctant than was 
Pope Paul VI to free priests from 
their vows. 

But Mr. Padovano also noted 
that “the pope who opposes the 
married priesthood has allowed 
more married priests than anyone 
in the century.” 

The Vatican agrees but points 
out that almost all of these fall into 
a special category: married clergy 
from the Anglican. Lutheran and 
Polish National Catholic churches 
who converted to Roman Catholi- 
cism. The married priests here ask 
why tbe same rules cannot be ap- 
plied to them. 

Yet one striking aspect of tbe 
meeting was that toe priests who 
rame had no desire to leave the 
Catholic Church and take up min- 
istries in the other Christian de- 
nominations. Their words suggest 
one reason why fights in toe church 
have been so bitter in recent years: 
Many of its dissident members re- 
fuse 10 part company with an insti- 
tution that has been central to their 
lives. 



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Page 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


WHY THE OWNER 
OF A EATEK PHILIPPE 
HAS MORE 

THAN JUST MONEY’S WOI 


Coup Traced to Rivalry. 


. General IdiagbOT was.-bcfieved-; 

By Charles Mohr Or ganic tinn, which muffled pub- promised to give it greater emp the author of ibct ^^jfar, 

Nt* 7ork Tima service He dissent aad criticism. sis. . Aaainst Indiscipline,” fcoowna* 

, WASHINGTON— The roots of “Some of the things Babaugida Re also pronged to pronounce d by souk fa 

the latest coup mNigerianay lie m has been saying sound awfully with the International Monetaiy f^peoans as “why.? v .- 

the refusal of the former leaders to good," said a U.S. official in Wash- Fund cm terms for drawing finan- jj n( j er u,e decree, Rigenaa- 
share dedsioD-makmg powers with mgtoa. “But when it comes to the dal assistance. . trnoM wert used to get hRwdimk 

others in the government, accord- economy he faces an awful job." Foreign and shgpuB lopj™ m> in an. orderly way arbor' 

mgto several experts on Africa’s Oneofthemaioreccmoiiiicprob- »y ** GcnmL Babau^ aid £ stop thnw&g- garbage 

A second kqr factor, ated by the have slumped sSre 1980. arcle had - It recalled earlier nrifitaiy/ttt. . 

new leados after the coup, was the „ aaons or evaded making deascm. : 


but pnmramced 
reverent Nigerians as* 


reverent Nigerians as j 

Under the decree, 


by some ir- 


itgeoan 


A sewndkty factor, ated by the have stamped sfoceim ' It recalled eanw nuny.-«. 

new leados after the coup, was the asons « evaded mafag.toon. Nigeria's free^a- 

govemmenl's fazhire to grapple ^ The drop m ofl exporb led to a ^ his first speech. General SKJi33fd3wB»d»nS' 
with severe economic problems dfiGease m foreign exchange re- bangida said the Buhariregnne had aB automobile dr^ j Werep^ed 


_ ivugor ueoerai iDiaium nanan- — ** -oeen ngm ana 


sses in which Nigeria's free-for- 
1 automobile drivers were puUed 
nm mrs ami whiDDed- ' : 'V 


And' then' there' was the former; 


man. Brigadier General 
Idiagbon, in an apparmtly 
less coup last week. 


Tunde its omsumixgpods, mate- ^ at the University of London maujed ^ 

Hood- n^toMgo^liglitindm.tof.md JoSj h, emtri Nigeria, said Genet- gge “■! addnssrf^L^,^ 
even for food. al Idiaabon “was the strongman Many Nigerians regarded, it as *r 


Nautilus. 


less coup last week. even tor rood. ' al Idiagbon “was the strongman Manyr«|« 

It was the sixth coop in Nigeria’s 'Asserting that bis predecessors and probably the real target of the biumpcd“C 

25yeareasanindfipendaucoiratty I*M wgtocted agriculture during coop, asserting, “Buhari listened to araiseaoi 
and came less than 20 months after tee ofl boom. General Babangida him excessively. 7 ’ 

General Babangjda had helped 


•^Tc* A Ratek Philippe is 
for its owner, the real 
money. , l 

The Nautilus model illus- | 
nine months to manufacture, Jjj 
outstanding addition to the £ 
hundred pieces only, each ®l 
Patient hands of mas- Jpl 
the movement to near g ffl 1 
and minute screw is in- Jrejl 
millimetre. a’SS 

In the men’s Nauti- 
mum winding efificien- & 

In the ladies’ Nau- £t % V 


he costliest watch to make. But 
iue goes beyond the question of 


agpxnst aman- 

hnnsdf m (tf - 


jtiinKt rated here requires, on average, 
mW It is therefore not surprising that this 
Ilf Patek Philippe range is limited to a few 

w ter- watchmakers finish each part of 
S' perfection. Every wheel, pinion, pivot 
dividually crafted to a hundredth of a 



In the men s Nauti- lus a solid 18 ct. gold rotor ensures maxi- 
mum winding efficien- cy. 

In the ladies Nau- tilus, slimness and practicability are ensured 

by a qu artz movement. Designed and crafted in Patek Philippe’s own ateliers, 
this electronic marvel matches the quality criteria as stipulated for our 
mechanical timepieces. 

The two-piece case incorporates a water-resistant sealing system 
which completely protects the men s Nautilus to a depth of 120 m (396 
ft) and the ladies’ models to a depth of 60 m (198 ft). 

Each link of the Nautilus bracelet is hand-crafted;polished orsatin- 
finished, and then individually assembled. In reality, it is only by being 
hand-finished that a timepiece can be turned into a masterpiece. 

If you are aiming for perfection you need patience. Perseverance 
also - and perhaps a streak of stubbornness - are often needed to 
achieve the best things in life. 

Queen Victoria, Charles Lindbergh, Richard Wagner, Franklin D. 

Roosevelt ... and many otherfamouspeople have worn a Patek Philippe. Many 

more are wearing one right now. y — -r- 

All of them for more than just money’s worth I tP" 

PATEK 

PHILIPPE 


General Buhari cEepose Lhe elected 
civilian president, Sheba Shagari. 

General Bibaogidt, who was 
P®nnnaDy the third-ranking mem- 
ber in the Buhari regime, has kept 
most members of the previous mili- 
tary government. 

In several speeches and remarks 
to foreign ambassadors, he indicat- 
ed that his maj or motive was dissat- 
isfaction with a breakdown in col- 
legiality and a refusal by General 
Bohan to hear different opinions 
and to review controversial deci- 
sions affecting the economy anH 
civil liberties. 

One of General Babangida’s first 
acts last week was to repeal Decree 
No. 4, a measure imposed by Gen- 
eral Buhari and General Idiagbon 
teat permitted tee government to 
jail journalists even for truthful sto- 
ries if the articles criticized or em- 
barrassed the government The new 
junta quickly released several jailed 
ouxnalists and about 100 other po- 
litical prisoners. 

The new leader also announced 
the creation of a 26- member com- 
mittee to review human rights con- 
ditions and to “redefine the role” of 
the much-hated Nigerian Security 



Tha Aoooafadfttat 

HAIL IN MEXICO — A lwiRt nn n officials described as the worst in half a ce n t u ry 
struck central Mexico City, covering the streets.' Acoonfing to police, 25 old bnhfing^ 
collapsed under the weight of the ice, killing one person and injuring 185 others. 


DOONESBURY 


GENEVE 


Write for cotaJogue to. 

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FOR MASTERS OF THEIR TIME. 



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V- •••;>•' 


centrist Victory Might 
Wer Sweden’s Profile 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 






Page 7 


Sy Richard Murphy 

Neutral Swe- 


frce zone would be minnie,? Mr, 
Bildt said. 

One area where major changes 


ucn seems likelu *« une area w&erc major cnanges 

mieniatiorial nmfiu „ a ^ ower would betikdy under a cenier-right 

m S'™”* “ ^ OD foraga 

toe govenuMSrw^r ? 011 Sweden has budgeted eight ba- 

the Sept 15 el^^. Dcin0Crats “ Uon ItJaaa » 1 percent of its gross 

p_H°^ er Prime Minister Olof 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

ti r»nai act3 ''e on many interna. 

loTTo is ^ es - R has sought to iso- national product, for aid to the 
South Africa because of apart- dcw *op mg world. in 1985-86. 

tor nuclear The Moderate Party would Bee 
wn.r T ^ 01 * *** “M supported to trim this but faces stiff opposi- 
Worid. 8 °^ I uCnts m ** Third non from its Liberal allies, wno are 
Howww u~i . „ committed to the 1 -percent target. 

®ra. who hope to^en^Mr^ The Moderate Party his accnsed 
macoaUtiSneo^S ^?.? 8 the government of ignoring pariia- 
Iiberal and (Vnter ^ ““t*® stipulation that aid should 

priority woulSta^uriS! ? ncotmigc ^ enKX ^ in ,SS^ 

m Sweden’s imn~^ jag countnes and of. supporting 
5 °^ SSSSSvSStZ Wfest totalitarian regimes, 
wnmnam military power. The party has pledged to cut off 

- The Moderate Partv w nmm *“d to totalitarian dates. Topping 


ujj 7 — oecause of apart- 
^4has canqjaigned for nudear 
and has supported 
^^govennnents in theTbfrd 




Poland Faults U.S. on f Bad Manners’ 
For Announcing Snub of Jaruzelski 


By Michael T. Kaufman 

New York Times Service 
WARSAW — The Pohsb gov- 
ernment has accused the U.S. State 


the Polish government to stop sup- 
pressing the outlawed trade union 
movemenL 

He said that Mr. Reagan's stare- 


Department of “bad manners” for ment “confirmed the unfriendly 
having announced fhat the Reagan objectives of the United States gov- 
administration would refuse to eminent in regard to the Polish 
meet with General Wqjdecb Jam- nation and government.” 
zdski on his planned visit to New Mr. Urban said that the Polish 
York later this month. government has sought for some 


A government spokesman said time to improve the “poor nda- 

a .i . .a. _ ■ i. . s K/vMr M tifttiiiafirt M/ncKnaot/M n«i*4 


Tuesday that the Polish leader nev- 


between Washington and 


had sought meetings with US. Warsaw, but that the United States 
nffiriaic has prevented such an improve- 



General Jar uzelski is to fly to menu He said that, rather than 
New York from Havana on SepL pressing for high-level contacts be- 
24 and remain until SepL 28. He is tween the two countries, the Polish 
to address the United Nations government had, several months 


General Assembly on SepL 27. 

On Saturday, State Dqpartm 
officials said that the adrninist 


ago. proposed meetings at the level 
of assistant secretary. But this, he 
said, also had been rejected by the 


‘ ne Moderate Party has grown to totalitarian states 
in 10 years to become the to is Vietnam, 


* * — — w UMfUUIC U2C 

•argest non-Sodalist party. It 
Peps in its manifesto to boost 
swoooi s defeases and seek closer 
ties with the rest of Europe. 

A Moderate-led government 
would make fewer pronotmee- 
®®its cm issues such as Central 
America, a habit of Social Demo- 
cratic leaders that earned Sweden a 
reputation as the self-appointed 
conscience of the world. 

H We would concentrate more on 
security issues, especially in .the 
Nordic region itself," raid Carl 
oudt, foreign affairs spokesman for 
the Conservatives. 


largest recipient 


Tin AmcooM Pnau 

HIT TUNES — Richard M. Nixon, the former UJS. president, was applauded after 
playing Old MacDonald Had a Farm and Happy Birthday for children at a Beijing 
commune on Wednesday. Mr. Nixon is visiting China as a guest of the government 


tion had decided to demonstrate its State Department, 
displeasure over the rising number U -S- diplomats here confirmed 
of political arrests in Poland by tot last winter the Polish govem- 
refusing to hold any policy-level suggested such lower-level 

meetings with the general. The U.S contacts as a step toward restoring 
officials said then that the Poles full ambassadorial links. The Poles 



Sudan Pushing Refugees to Leave Cities 

But Despite Rain, It Is Too Late to Plant and jthe Legacy of Drought Persists 


By Clifford D. May 

New York Times Seniee 

OMDURMAN. Sudan — Ten 
months ago, in desperation, Sfcaikb 


Sanad Basta, the Egyptian-born 
head of the United Nations Chil- 


[r. Nixon is visiting China as a guest erf the government ^ 001 ^luesied meetings. 

After manial law was declared in 

Poland on Dec. 13, 1981, the Unit- 
-m- y-y a m ed States began a practice of not 

Y/)/)C f/k I /l/f/T/l § meeting with Polish officials at the 

^ fytJo mMJt JLrfC>C€'(/C^ United Nations. Martial law was 

™ formally ended in July 1983, but 

_ _ _ _ _ in • the U.S. practice has continued. 

and me Legacy of Uroudit Persists The Polish government spoi^s- 

I ° J man, Jerzy Urban, said in Warsaw, 

end to their two-year war against is ready to show good will and lii 

Khartoum government troops, the conduct direct dialogue with all in- - - - rec * .^..proposed or ap- 


General Wojaech Jaruzelski 

tions must improve before such a 

sup is Liken _ As a consequence tions cannot improve until there 
both countries have been rep re- has been an exchange of ambassa- 
sented by char g es d'affaires for the dors and that by issuing formally 


last three years. 


accepting a nominated ambassador 


dren's Fund office in Sudan. “The newspaper el -A yam reported dividuals and political powers in 


^^.^okesmanfor 

1 ■ 65 members of his dan. and told 

them they were to walk north to 
K* “ “* P npnP* *« Khartoum. After several successive 

n^rSJr° uld seasons of drought, the sheOdh had 

, conventional defenses become convinced that to remain 

MdetepotenBdj^rwoni. a home was to risk dealt 
The Social Democrats accuse the _ 

Moderate Party oF pro-NATO . For generations the families had 
1 — - - farmed and herded livestock in 


plied for such talks.” 

“Such statements,” he said of the 


population was rural, there was a Wednesday, Reuters reported from Sudan to reach a peaceful settle- a nisnc L 

SSyjS-! is™ and ,o KHanouna ^ morn.- ^ 

gtossy urbsm boom to attract peo- Quoting the Nairobi represen ta- He did not say if this would in- testify to the bad manners on the 
pit Now ^Khartounu < Omduimaii five of the main guerrilla group, the volve direct talks with the country’s part of my American counteroarts. 
^ look like so many Sudanese People's Liberation military leaders, who have repeat- We certainly are not straining on 

other African cities. Army, the newspaper said that the edly called for a peaceful end iothe any door handles in Washington." 

The Sudanese government has rebels now believed the country's strife in the south since they Presi- Mr. Urban also assailed a state- 


other African cities.” 

The Sudanese government has 


Mr. Urban also assailed a state- 


leanings that could compromise ■“ h ? rd ? d to/ “ tock m 

Swedish neutrality, bulpoHtical Tartia, ariBage m the southern part 
observers say a change of govern- ^ Kordofan proving like 
meat would mean few differences m “4 md *d t^oughont 

in the substance of defense and much of Africa, they had -been 
security policy. growmg poorer for years. 

A strong pro-disarmament lobby The dan members walked to the 
in the Social Democratic Party lost capital and war permitted to camp 
much of its influence after repeated with other peasants an a dusty plot 


i violations of Swedish territory by 
- foreign submarines. Sweden 
blamed the Soviet Union for the 
intrusions. 

The present government took of- 
fice in the midst of a major subma- 
rine bunt in the Stockholm archi- 
pelago in October 1 982. ' 


rmed and herded livestock in S®? 

riba, a village in the southern part expeUed forcibly from the capital. 

1 Kordofan province. T ilr» others The government did not succeed 
Sudan, and indeed throughout in getting many to go away and 
uch . of Africa, they had been stay away, however. Those evicted 
owing poorer for years. often returned after a few days. 

_ . , _ , . At this point there appears to be 

TtedmmmbmMftrftotl* „„ of peasjT^ling to 

pitaland were pci wittedMcamp g 0 u long ^ they have a sack 

jth othcrpMsantsonadiisty plot gf rood to uhTwilh fcm md Uic 
of ground m Omdunnm, Ktar- prenia. „f «« 10 m 
toum s sister aty across the Nue. „ , 

Most will be reluming too late to 
“It has been very difficult in the plant grain this year. But they may 
camp,” said Sheikh Ibrahim, who he able to supplement the rations 
wears a wispy gray beard, a soiled they are taking with quick-growing 
turban and a tattered bhte shirt, vegetables. 


tried to stem the tide of unmi- problems should be solved through dent Gaafar Nimeiri was deposed ment issued by the White House in 
grants. On several occasions, relief dialogue rather than war. in a coup in April. There was no which President Ronald Reagan 

workers say, squatters have been The representative, Azol Achel, immediate government reaction to marked the fifth anniversary of the 
expelled forcibly from the capital, was quoted as saying: “The SPLA the newspaper report. founding of Solidarity by calling on 


The U.S. position is that rela- the Poles could break the deadlock. 

MAJRIE DE PARIS 
EXPOSITION 

TROIS ETOILES 
DE NEW YORK 

K.ITTAY 
CENEDELLA 
LAMBRINOS 

TRIANON DE BAGATELLE / JUSQtTAU 29 SEPTEMBRE I 




“Truly, there has not been enough But the n omads refuse to leave, 
food. We have found no work hoe. “They have lost their animal* so 
There is much sickness. My mother cannot go hack, there will he 
and my son both died m this nothing for them,” said Joseph Ber- j 


su- 


spending on anti-submarine de- 
fenses and approved a 25-billion 
krona (32.97-bBHcp) program to 
build a new multi-purpose aircraft, 
the JAS 39 Gripen, which the So* 


T,~ . |, „ , .1 . I *wu- nsuavsiuunuxiu wuuwnv. 

It aibsequentty anthpnzed ettra much sickness. My mother 


place.” 

Now they were to be given a 


aki, of Sudanaid, a private agency 
involved in assisting voluntary de- 


_ ^ ^ four-month siqiply of food md a partures. . . 

dai J3emdcrai&had previously op? truck to take them bact hrane . Many of those nomads are in a 
fosed. \ •*: “•' • v *■ where rams have-b^im to tan sense prisonefs of war as well as 

•• '• 'Stt wjBn yyfed-dmgjn <Jipknmtif aga in . - ' - 7 — *, ; . want: -Their normal migratopi 

xontactawkltMoscow^ftfiaSbvi- «--H 9 ver-lJm'COniin^w^a^“ 'iDore ■ routes take them to thesouth of the 
et submarine -ran* aground- ^ear - than people are scheduled to coant ^ r ’ 80 arc ® ti^now-fear to 

Karlskrona na\'al base in 1981r As "I«SveTBr«pltar area, about two- en *®' because of fipitmg between 
sightings of foreign vessels in thirds the number that have arrived rebel and government fences. 
Swedish waters declined, relations gfatce famine became widespread Also excluded from the current 
have gradually returned to normal toward the end of last year. exodus are the many homeless chil- 

Mt. BBdt visited Moscow this The population influx has badly dren who roam the streets of Om- 
year and both Mr. Palme and UJf strained the dries’ deteriorated wa- dunnan and Khartoum. According 


Swedish waters declined, relations since famine became widespread Also excluded from the current 
have gradually returned to normal toward the end of last year. exodus are the many homeless chil- 

Mr. Bildt visited Moscow this jjy, population influx has badly who 108111 *** sheets of Om- 
year and both Mr. Palme and Ulf strained the cities’ deteriorated wa- dunnan and Khartoum. According 
Adelsohn, the Moderate Party to ^ sanitation facilities. That 10 raoratratonatra there are nxwe 
leader, say they are willing to visit contributed to the spread of than 12,000 boys from the age of 7 
the Soviet Union if they win the cholera md other diseases. Vagran- 10 living as vagrants in the capi- 
dcctkHL cy, begging and crime haw in- S Taac are only a few vagrant 

Moderate Party leaders tend to creased sharply as welL B«ns- 

taj tough about the Soviet Umou -^ 5^10 be the one country ■ Rebeb Agree to Talk 
while m oppojanon, but aiplomats ^ ^ have an urban Southern Sudanese rebels have 

^uatter prcbl^" ^id W ^ 

might upset the ddicatc political 

^ FBI CooperatW WWht New Zealand 

NATO members. Along with Swe- , . m 1 

den, Fmiand is neutral but has a In Investigation of Greenpeace Attack 

special relationship with the Soviet I . " *■ 

U n i on The Associated Press asked the San Francisco FBI to 

The Moderate Party is commit- WELLINGTON, New Zealand check friends of Christine Caban,- 
ted to international disarmament — police said Wednesday that the who be said came to New Zealand 
but has less faith in initiatives such FBI was assisting in the investiga- as Frfedferique von Lieu, to do some 
as the creation erf nuclear-free tion into the bombing of the initial groundwork for the Green- 
zones proposed by the left. Greenpeace protest ship Rainbow peace operation in April The wom- 


has contributed to the spread of than 12,000 boys from the age of 7 | 
cholera and other diseases. Vagran- to living as vaamts ;m the capi- , 
cy, begging and crime have in- taj- There are only a few vagrant 
creased sharply as weHL ® r “ 

“This used to be the one country ■ Rebels Agree to Talk 
in Africa that didn’t have an urban Southern Sudanese rebels have 
squatter problem,” said Samir agreed to begin talks on a peaceful 



Finland is neutral but has a 
special relationship with the Soviet 
Union. 

The Moderate Party is commit- 
ted to international disar mam e n t 
but has less faith in initiatives such 
as the creation erf nuclear-free 
zones proposed by the left. 

“The amount of energy we 
would devote to a Nordic nnclear- 



Grerapeace protest ship Rainbow peace operation in April. The woro- 
Warrior. A crewman was killed in an was later identified as a member 
the bombing Joly 10: . of the French military, Mr. Tazer 


would devote to a Nordic nuclear- the bombing Joly 10: . of the French mflnaiy, Mr. Tozer 

: Trevor Tozer, a police spokes- said 

Soviet Official Visils Japan Robert Deklinsky, an FBI 

United Press fruenatkmol it was seeking a yacht chartered by spokesman in San Francisco, said 

. TOKYO — The Soviet Union's four French na ti o n al s , three of ^ agency was complying with a 
'^ deputy foreign minister, Mikhail S. whom were later identified as request from New Zealand to aid m 
' 1 Kapitsa, armed Wednesday far French intelligence agents. Those the mqinry, but herefused to reveal 
two days of talks with Japanese three members of the crew have the extent of toe req»*sj- The 
officials 10 nave the wav for a meet- surrendered to French authorities, bombing of the Rainbow Warrior 


officials to pave the way for a meet- 
ing this . month between the two 
nations* foreign ministers later this 
month at toe United Nations. 


Robert Deklinsky, an FBI 


toe extent of' the requesL The 
bombing of toe Rainbow Warrior 



Kill 


The yacht, the Ouv4a, has not been in Auckland harbor has strained 


relations between New Zealand 


Mr. Tozer said New Zealand and France. 


U.K. Union Hopes to Avoid Expulsion 


Reuters 

BLACKPOOL, England^ —Brit- 
ish labor leaders searched Wednes- 
day for a way to avoid expelli ng tne 
second-biggest trade union from 

th TheASfeaniated Union oF^ 
gmeering Workers, with a mDscm 
members, continued to defy the 


j jSnfrS!? fi^nd nafrom &e Conser- They said Mr. Willis was striving 

for auh-mo- °f.SU n^on m gwmiMt toflW ^ d floor debateon toe issue, 
SSTaruntondections, includmg funds in defiant _ofordosfrOTQ could throw ^ conference 


until Wednesday night a decision issue has plunged the congress into 
on whoher to suspend or expel the a crises, 
engineers. Norman Willis, general secretary 

Sources within the congress said of the congress, left a private din- 
suspension appeared inevitable ngj Tuesday night to make a per- 
and would precipitate a walkout by cnnal appeal to the engineers’ lead- 
at least one other major union, toe er> Gavin Laird. Mr. Willis 
355 , 000 -member electricians’ continued to bold a series of meet- 
union. ni gs with other members of the 

The engineers provoked the cri- general council to find a oompro- 
sis when they voted overwhelming- miaa , sources said. 


E 

■ 

uni 



HIM 

EH. 


jects as union eiecauus, o 

Sa Q^ to^hird day of the^ua! 
Trades Union Congress 
toe eroup’s general council cmi- 
^Jdf% onty 10 minutes to toj 
crisis before putting off 


ret Inatcners oouscivauve gov- 
ernment 

The laws provide state funds for 


into chaos. 

There are 1,126 delegates here 

representing almost 100 unions. 
Mr. WQHs was to report to the 


A company cannot be bound to a given 
supplier of data equipment or services. A company 
has to be able to choose, in complete serenity, its 
suppliers, communication resources, and the loca- 
tion of its equipment - in short, its own information 
system and its own organization. 

BULL'S strategy is based on the observance of 
certain rules guaranteeing the freedom of the infor- 
mation flow. These rules can be Summed up in a 


single concept: respect of international standards. 

The primary objective of BULL's communica- 
tion networking strategy, known as DSA pistributed 
Systems Architecture) is to provide 'computer access 
for all". This is achieved in compliance with interna- 
tional standards conforming to the OSI model 
(Open Systems Interconnect) guaranteeing access 
to public networks and services and allowing commu- 
nication between BULL systems and other suppliers’ 
equipment. 

With DSA, the user will thus have a choice of 
open solutions that is best adapted to his need to 
exchange all types of data. 

By implementing DSA architecture, a distribu- 
ted system can be built up to offer the user a unique 
and overall view ;the subsequent addition of equip- 
ment being possible without disrupting the existing 
installation. 

In a sentence, BULL stands for flexible, simple 
and open communication. 



unions to hold internal ballots. The general council Wednesday. 


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THURSDAY, SEPTEMBERS, 1985 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 




tribune 


PnUtthn) With The New York Tines end The VaeUngbn Pm 


The Gorbachev Offensive 


In his interview with Tone Fingpzmc, Mflc- 
,'hail Gorbachev, the Soviet leader, comes 
: across as bang just as smart, organized and 
tough-minded as earlier appearances had indi- 
cated, with a lawyer’s taste for adversarial 
. dueling and a propagandist’s touch for the 
rhetorical jugular. The American senators he 
received Tuesday appear to have gained a 
: similar impression of a formidable figure. 

: Try as they might, Mr. Gorbachev told 
Time, he and us colleagues had been unable to 
detect the slightest flaw in Soviet policy: If 
Soviet-American relations have poor pros- 
- pects, it is entirely America's fault To the 
extent that summit meetings are debates 
staged for a world public, it is evident that 
Ronald Reagan will have to be at his best to 
hold his own in the November meeting. 

It is also evident that Mr. Gorbachev is 
concerned about the growing gap between the 
U.S. and Soviet approaches to the summit He 
does not want the meeting to be focused on 
political dialogue or future agenda-setting of 
the sort the Reagan administration has men- 
tioned lately. The administration has been 
seeking not merely to reduce its exposure to 
impatient public opinion bat also to project a 
sense of modm aspirations in keeping with tin 
real reasons between the two powers. 

Mr. Gorbachev took note of recent Ameri- 
can statements that sounded to him, he said 
fcendentiously, “as if the stage is being set for a 
bout between some kind of political ‘supexgla- 


diators’ ” or te a demand for one-sided Soviet 
concessions. To this he juxtaposed the Soviet 
view that the flipmrit is designed chiefly for 
anus control negotiations. 

There should be plenty of room at the sum- 
mit meeting for both sorts of discussions. 
Whether arms control, which is already under 
negotiation at Geneva, will be ripe for agree- 
ment or at least far a good nudge is something 
about which the Kremlin wiD have much to 
say. Mr. Gorbachev did say something — 
something that may torn out to be important 
— in the Time interview. He made explicit the 
previous Soviet hints that the “star wars" re- 
search Moscow insists on banning covers a 
verifiable ‘‘designing stage" of research and 
not an unverifiaHe “research in funda ment a l 
science,” which, he conceded, is gang on in 
the Soviet Union and will continue. 

Hie leading unanswered question in Mr. 
Reagan’s embrace of the Strategic Defense 
Initiative is whether, as he insists, Ik is truly 
beat on leaving a way open to deployment or 
whether he may be prepared to yield on that if 
Moscow accepts deep cuts in its land-based 
missile force with its first-strike capability. 
The fSgnnis that the shrewd Mr. Gorbachev is 
y -n dy n g to Washington will increase the pres- 
sure on President Reagan to weigh limits on 
“star wars," if Moscow agrees to those deep 
cuts. For both leaders, the scheduling of a 
summit meeting is forcing tough choices. * 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 



Favored Trad fe Status 


For the Likes of Kabul? 


By George F. Will 

wwffb w? 


edict making 


% 

r ! 


their “most favored nation” statua ^^^^dmr^attOJdaMe in 
Such statusmvdrajccess tore- higher than in any East 

duccd import duties, credits and oth- ^^^nariraexcept Poland. This 
er preferences that amount tosab^ Sjjjj]*??™, wi^his evidence off 

£ ESWactkm with 


liF* 


j *. <r.r 


ftinni wen. it is Mg and there- gime, is oten oy ^ 




jjaraSMS *«s<^*e£i3a 


* 


0ft? 


China’s ’Blue Ants’ and the Tied Dawn' 


consider Hungary, winch has most- 
favored-nation status, proof that a 
therapeutic U.S. policy can move a 


ft*?- 


P RINCETON, New Jersey — The 
film “Red Dawn” has been play- 


The Death of a Big Gun 


The army’s Sergeant York anti-aircraft gun 
was finally canceled last week. After eight 
years of development, and the waste of S1.8 
billion. Seamary of Defense Caspar Weinber- 
ger shot down a weapon so expensive, so ill- 
conceived, so ludicrously incapable of hitting 
maneuvering aircraft that it had become a 
painful MTihar r aftsiTigait Wbflt lessons can be 
teamed from the episode? 

The gnn would not have gotten so far had it 


been subjected to open, honest testing. Instead 
■ of switching to a gnn that might protect its 
. troops against enemy planes, the army’s lead- 
ers defended the Sergeant York — also known 
as the divisional akdtfense gun. or DIVAD — 
darning its problems would be solved. 

“I beBeve that testing and the future will 
prove that the Sergeant York is the finest self- 
propelled anti-aircraft gun in the world.” Ma- 
jor General James Maloney told Congress in 
March. As commander of the Air Defense 
Artillery Center and chief customer for the 
gun, he should have been a leading skeptic. 

In fact, the gun consistently performed 
poody, its radar and computer bong unable to 
track maneuvering targets. It could not even 
be made to look good in tests. The army 
resorted to destroying the target planes a few 
seconds after the gun had fired leaving the 
impression that the gun had hit them. When 

challenged, the flmty thy, targfls had tym 

destroyed for “range safety" — this in the 
middle of a desert Protecting the multibQlion- 
dollar program had become more important 
than protecting American troops. 

The Sergeant York becomes the first major 


weapons system to be canceled in production 
since the 1960s: How did that happen? Be- 
cause Representative Denny Smith, an Oregon 
Republican and himself a former air force 
fighter pilot protested the army’s f adore to 
put the gun through rigorous tests. And be- 
cause the office of the undersecretary of de- 
fense for research and engineering, in rivalry 
with the new testing office undo - John Krings, 
wrote a factual history of the gun's fadnres 
that set the standard of truth. Mr. Weinberger 
deserves credit for ordering the most recent 
tests and for acting on the results. 

What must be done now? Instead of wasting 
more time, the Pentagon can buy an anti- 
aircraft gun from its allies in the Atlantic 
alliance, all of which have adequate, optically 
aimed guns costing a fraction of the Sergeant 
York’s S 6 million. The army most test them in 
open competition. On no account should it 
listen to contractors offering another complex 
armor-plated lemon like the Sergeant York. 

There are lessons here for all Pentagon pro- 
curement. though they seem obvious: Testing 
must be honest and open. Weapons prototypes 
should be developed competitively, and pro- 
duction of the design chosen should be com- 
petitive. The revolving door most somehow be 
dosed, to ensure that officials do not procure 
lucrative post-Pentagon jobs with contractors 
by overlooking shoddy design and workman- 
ship while in office. The army frittoed away 
$ 1 .8 billion on the Sergeant YoA, but if any of 
those lessons can sow be learned, it will nave 
been worth twice the price. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


JT film “Red Dawn” has beenplay- 
ing here on cable television. This is 
the movie that caused a considerable 
stir in the foreign press last year be- 
cause of the alarmed, pud to marry 
people, alarming, view of the world it 
expresses. It tells how Nicaragua, 
Cuba and the Soviet Union launch a 
surprise Invasion of the United 
States, only to be fooriit to a stand- 
still by a Colorado high school foot- 
ball team that takes to the hills to 
nKxmt guerrilla resistance. 

The film is fairly simple-minded 
and skillf ul entertainment. The polit- 
ical outlook it expresses is xenopho- 
bic and anti-liberal. It might even be 
said to be anti-dcanocratic, in that a 


By William Piaff 


For Americans, a 
Orange fascination. 


Other Opinion 


Pol Pol Steps Aside 


The “retirement" of Fed Pot from the leader- 
ship of the Khmer Rouge guerrillas fighting 
the Vietnamese in Cambodia could be the first 
step toward a reduction of Vietnam’s large 
military presence there. One is templed to 
hope that the removal of this evil man, held 
responsible for the murder of at least one 
million at his countrymen between 1975 and 
•1979, could be a gfimmer of light at the aid 
of the Cambodian nightmare. 

— The Daily Telegraph {London). 

If we are to believe a communique from Pol 
Pot’s own faction, be is about to become a 
researcher in military affairs as “chairman of 
the High Technical Office far National De- 
fense.” Few tears will be shed on Pol Pot’s 
early retirement. 

— The Bangkok Post 


Misgivings on U.S. Trade 

Facing U.S. trade deficits that widened to a 
record $33.42 billion in the second quarter, the 
Reagan administration is likely to shift to 
more protectionist potides. The trend is ever 
stronger despite President Reagan's commit- 
ment to free trade. 

A U.S. delegation led by Senate Mqority 
Leader Robert Dole visited Korea, Japan and 
Taiwan recently to demand that they open 
their markets wider to American exports. The 
plight of the U.S. economy is apparent. But the 
Korean economy, with its extremely heavy 
defense burden and lately restrained growth, is 
having do less difficulty. The Dole mission 
caused serious misgivings on our part In a 
spirit of partnership, Seoul and Washington 
should strive to minimize trade fiction. 


Making Air Safety Mandatory 


It is reassuring to learn that most U.S. 
airlines already are using a Federal Aviation 
Administration-approved program of engine 
maintenance. What is disturbing is that some 
airlines needed an FAA order to do what is in 
their own interest — and that of the flying 
public. It is prudent for the FAA to raider 
inspections of engines like the one thought 
responsible for the tragedy in Manchester, 
England. Bat why wouldn't a responsible air- 
line do so voluntarily, and at once? The epi- 
sode suggests that all FAA-approved marine - 1 
nance programs should be made mandatory. 

— The Seattle Past-Intelligencer. 


— The Korea Herald (Seoul). 

The Dole delegation’s message here was 
this: Either open up domestic markets to 
American products within 60 days or the U.S. 
Congress will pass retaliatory measures. 

[Taiwan] has reduced tariffs on more than 
L , 000 items, has opened up offshore banking 
facilities and has taken measures to interna- 
tionalize its monetary system. 

This island has a population of only 19 
million, and the average per capita income 
here is one fourth that of American per capita 
income. If American products cannot be com- 
petitive in the United States, how can they be 
competitive in out market? Both sides most 
seek realistic solutions through negotiations, 
not through artificially imposed barriers. 

— The Free China Journal (Taipei). 


vote among the students shows they 
want to give up to the Russians, and 
they have to be bullied into fighting 
by the football team quarterback. 

To the foreign press, what was par- 
ticularly interesting was the view the 
film takes of America’s alllwt The 
sole reference to Europe cranes when 
an American pilot is shot down over 
guerrilla-held territory and brings 
news of the larger war. Britain holds 
out, he says, but wfll not last long. 
The continental Europeans, on the 
other hand, caved in without resis- 
tance. Canada is not mentioned. 

Whal ally remains? China 1 This is 
the wonderful surprise of Urn movie 
and the thing that makes it so discon- 
certing to anyone whose memory of 
UJS. affairs goes back beyond last 
month. Good old China is standing 
by the United Stales and fights on 
despite devastating Soviet nuclear at- 
tacks against the Qiinese population. 

What a strange place China holds 
in the American political imagina- 
tion! Little more than a decade ago 
the United States pulled out of the 
longest war it had ever fought, the 
war in Vietnam. Why did it go to war 
there? Ostensibly to fight China. 
Successive American governments 
held the Chinese to be the decisive 
force behind Communist insurgen- 
cies in Vietnam, Laos. Cambodia. 
Thailand, Malaya (as it was known), 
Indonesia, even the Philippines. 

Such men as McGeargc Bundy, 
Robert McNamara and Dean Rusk 
gravely assured Congress and the 
American public that Chinese policy 
envisaged a global uprising by the 
“rural" world, led by China, against 
the “urban” world of the Western 
democracies, and that if this were not 
checked in Vietnam the security of 
the United States was in jeopardy. 

On the American political right, in 
the same drdes that today cheer the 
boy heroes of “Red Dawn,” China 
was held to be a nightmare slate of 
human automatons, “blue ants,” an 
expanding and all but unstoppable 
totalitarian force. 

Ten years earlier, the United States 
fought another war against China. 
North Korea's invasion of South Ko- 
rea was resisted because North Korea 
was held to be a Chinese proxy. Al 
the same time, in Washington, Sena- 
tor Joseph McCarthy and others like 
him were persecuting aD these in the 
State and Defense departments who 
bad had anything serious to do with 
America’s China relations during the 
war and immediately afterward. 
They were held responsible for hav- 
ing “lost” China to communism. 


F0r all that has chang ed in rhina 
over 50 years, nothing can compare 
with, the change that has takenplace 
in how Americans see China. In the 
1930s Americans resisted Japan be- 
cause Japan was trying to make Chi- 
na its dependent^. In the 1940s, 
Ghiflng Kai-shek, te m p o r a rily the 

most successful of China's would-be 
unifiers and reformers but also an 
insecure wnriord. in an immense, im- 
potent society, was elevated by the 
UjSL government to become one of 
the world's arbiters. He was made 
one of the Big Four with Chitr chfll, 
Stalin and Roosevelt, settling post- 
war frontiers. And Qiina became a 
permanent member of the United 
Nations Security CounciL 
The swings in American percep- 
tions of China have had a velocity, 
even a violence, that is bewildering. 
Part of the explanation can be sought 
in the 19th-century American Protes- 
tant missionary obsession with Chi- 
na. Part lies in fascination with Chi- 


na's size and numbers: Surely the 
future must belong to a tmtywi so 
huge. Underlying that, however, is 
America’s menial imagination as it is 
applied to foreign relations. ' 

Americans insist -an- attributing 
moral character to foreign nations. A 
classic conservative formulation of 
what a foreign policy should express 
says that nations do not have perma- 
nent allies, only permanent interests. 
In America’s case, it is almost as if 
the nation did not have interests, only 
allies and enemies. Who th*»e. affies 
and enemies are perceived to be cbo- 
nects only tightly with how they act 
with respect to UJ 8 . interests. Ibis 
makes dealing with W ashing ton un- 
duly mysterious, and has some very 
odd effects upon policy. 

Nothing is hkefy to change thin 
Chinese Communists and Colorado 
cowboys — allies for freedom against 
Nicaraguans, Cohans and Russians, 
the current bad guys. And the West- 
ern allies, yesterday’s good guys? 
They have been written oat at the 
script — tins script, anyway. 

© 1985 William Pfaff. 


independence is invisible? Sffly proa, 

TWiust proves how stealthy ft is. bribes. Concerned at>°ui ub »w 
And raver mindthe fact that Mikhail birth 


Gorbachev’s poh 
Europe is neo-Si 


toward Eastern 
Am. Pravda is 


women workers to mandatory gyn»-_ 

cdogical exa min at io ns. •• 

The Helsinki Watch Committee 


busy denocmdng the classic sins of The Hdsmn 
“SirionS^natiQiial commu- cansuiereRoinama oned 
nism” and “anti-Sovietism-" . toman rijrfits 
Chi and Hungary, Washing- Europe. Romanian actions violate 
ton is, perhaps, incorrigible. But why Romanian and international law. 
even debate the proposal to strip After three and a half wanin' 
most-favored-nation status from At- Bucharest, the UA ambassador, Da- 
ghamstan and Romania? A fghani - vid Funderburk, who speaks Rbiuia- 




rwa*. 


stan apt the status before the Soviet 
invasion and has kept it through con- 


pinn <md studied there for two years, 
resigned out of exasperation, with the 


one 1, .... 


Iks** 


gresakmal inaction. The admmistra- State Department's unshakable faith 


don does not oppose removing it; 
Afghanistan's only significant export 
is its population. Romania is a mere 
interesting case, if only because the 


ly weaker than the argument against 
Afghanistan. Yet a sizable State De- 
partment lobby supports Romania. 

Reoeatly Romania produced some 
toilet paper containing Biblical 
words sum as “Esan,” “tsraeT and 
“Satan." As many as 20,000 Bibles 
sent to Romania in the 1970s were 
seized and recycled into tratet paper. 

R omania has died its willingness to 

pernrit the shipments of miles as 


Reagan: When Conviction Meets Reality 


W ASHINGTON — President 
Reagan’s secret weapon is that 


YV Reagan’s secret weapon is that 
he isa man of conviction whose views 
and actions often transcend the polit- 
ical concerns of his subordinates. 

Out of touch with rivflization, not 
to mention his White House staff, 
during much of his Augus t vacation 
on his California ranch, Mr. Reagan 
nonetheless pot his personal stump 
on disparate decisions that deeply 
divide his advisers. 

A colleague once observed that the 
tend Great Communicator, ostensi- 


By Lou Cannon 


reformist administ ration." To Sup- 
port this thesis and the wisdom of 


that is sweeping Congress and much 
of the United Sates. 

Terming protectionism “both inef- 
fective ana extremely expensive,” 
Mr. Reagan pointed oat that it is “a 
crippling cure, far more dangerous 
than any. economic iBncss.” 

A classic free trader, Mr. Reagan 
used almost the exact description of 
protectionism when I interviewed 


term Great Communicator, ostenst- himJ7yrars ago. He has believed in 
bly co mp l imen tary, is often used by the dangers of pm t ertl nniwn fm 
Mr. Reagan’s critics to imply that hs longer than that, mice his New Deal 
popularity is based on his television youth a haH-centmy ” go when he 
presence or his Ml in reading a teamed that high tanffshdped bring 

on the Depression. 


Mr. Reagan does not easily forget 
what he learns, even when tircum- 
stances change. Lang before Jeane 
Kirkpatrick wrote her famous article 
on “Dictators and Doable Stan- 
dards” during the 1980 campaign, 
Mr. Reagan was drawing distinctions 
between “authoritarian” regimes of 
the right and “totalitarian” ones, 
which be considers basically synony- 
mous with Communist governments. 

The president is always hostile to 
communism, but gives his abundant 
optimism full rein in dpaiirip with 
authoritarian governments, which he 


^constructive engagement” with 
South Africa, Mr. Reagan claims 
credit for minor progress (some of 
which occurred dming the Carter ad- 
mmistratioo), while ignoring Mr. 
Botha’s de terminatio n to prevent 
blai&s firam having the vote. 

Mr. Reagan is as little influenced 
on this issue by advisers who wanurf 
political repe r c u ssions as he was in 
denying the shoe import quota?;.. Jfe 
has made it known that he intends to 
veto sanctions legislation- even 
though he fg«« the almost certain 
prospeta of an override. Tlte most his 
advisers have been able to pry out of 
him is agreement lor some nnld mea- 
sures of disapproval of martiwd. 

On rimes and on Sooth Africa, Mr. 
Reagan shows that strong conqio- 
tians can be both blessing and cart - 
7he Washington Post. 


lose removing it; that President Nicolae Ceausesco 
significant esqparl conducts a significantly independent' . 
ranama is a more foreign policy. The evidence for tins . 
only because the “huJqj^adence" conies, from acts . . 
is not significant- ywii as Romania’s participation in . . 
argument against the 1984 Olympics -—acts that, singly 
sizable Stale De- or together, are small beer. 
iports Romania. Mr. Fanderbork says his embassy . 
ia produced some staff “observed a large Soviet pres* 
taming Biblical wn. m Rnmanfa that was not-wet 
an,” “tsraeT and come news to some officials mWash- 
as 20,000 Bibles mpinn On our own initiative wt : 
a the 1970s were looked in registries, checked schools, 
into toilet paper, traced license plates and came up 
its willingness to with an ungodly num ber of/resident 
nts of miles as Soviets, including Soviet agents m . 

factories monitoring Romanian ex- ^ 
ports to the Soviet Union.” .-../■••Iff: 
/Yl/lfV R omania ’s occasional rudeness 
y may annoy the Kr emlin. Romania 
** criticized tne invasions of Czecborio- 
ation.” To sop- vakin and Afghanistan, did not break 
1 the wisdom of diplomatic relations with Israel after 
agement” with the 1967 war and does not permit 
Tt pagan Soviet military maneuvers on Roma- ' 

egress (some of nian soil Bat such gestures hardly 
ng the Carter ad- constitute independence, 
e ignoring Mr. They are dnstintbeise eyes, indud- 

don to prevent ing State Department, eyes, that do ■' 
the vote. not want to see Romania’s complete 

: iittie influenced compliance with the K remlin ’s two 
sas who wam n f. , parainoumrequirenients — domestic 
ns as he was in Stslmism and strops in the military- 
^gtqu ota^j ge : c^n^ri«ing )^^tj r!dte Soviet 

sgislation even ■ bairiily ra ti cxzed Foland’s^^darity 
c almost certain movement, and has integrated its in- 
ide. The most his tetfxgence^ service with the Soviet’s 
able to piy out of East-Moc network, 
r some mild mea- Trees, ^ wfpeh only God can make, 

L of apartheid. ifce so tint debates, which Congress 

kwth Africa, Mr. makes, can be transcribed on paper, 
l strong conyjo- The coming debate on favared trade . 
leasing and cure.'-, status shook) not cost many trees, 
pan Post Washington Post Writers Group. ‘Bf] 


rill 

■Ties - 
ftp **L J 
at-' 

isK&jr' 

JtfltfS '- v ‘“ 


experii 
ion. un 


Clausen’s Future Unsure 
As World Bank President 


believes are giving way before a 
tide of democracy. He counts 


9r nmOn far the QW SjmfcrtB. 


tide of democracy. He counts small 
mML victories as large ones and is apt to 

ESjfcSffi, interpret minor gains in rivfl liberties 

as signifying an end to political rc- 
press oil Tins tendency has been en- 
couraged by the legitimate example 
h B;-,- ■ B Salvador, which Mr. Reagan 

y“ supported against bis critics and 

kl ^ whose government under Jos 6 Napo- 

'■ By nmdv far the c*w Syria*. |c 6 a Duarte has made him look good. 

Bat Smith Africa is not El Salva- 
i. In fact, Mr. Reagan is that rare dor, and it is also not the American 
among politicians who has South erf Jim Crow days, as Mr. Rea- 
«d a following that values him as gan's statements about its progress 
n of principle who will not sway imply. Mr. Reagan has resisted leara- 
every passing breeze. ing about South African reality, and 

te assets ana liabilities of Mr. his naive belief about the inevitability 
-an's approach were on full dis- of democratic evolution is abetted by 
as the president's pleasant sum- the view that communism wfll tri- 
racation passed into history. De- umpfa if the Botha government falls, 
g not to impose import quotas Faced with demands to do some- 
shoe industry battered into sub- thing, Mr. Reagan has dug in his 
ion by foreign imports, Mr. Rea- heels and convinced himself that the 


By Hobart Bowen 

W ASHINGTON — WiD A.W. considerable innovation and 
Clausen be renamed as pres- change: ... Wc acknowledge that as 


YT Clausen be renamed as pres- change. . . . Wc acknowledge that as 
dent of die World Bank when his the IMF's programs start to bite, we 
five-year term is up next summer? should take over the Tdc of helping to 


laser-o] 
laser lis 
Withoi 
never 1 


The Reagan ad m i nistra tion is grap- move those countries onto a growth 
pling with the question. path. If you want to fault us, you can 

An inquiring reporter can get two say we haven’t done a very good job 
scenarios: first, that Mr. Clausen is of netting the nv*«n»» «t whm» w 


getting the message oat where wc 


sore to depart if the White House can stand on all these drags. 


bird among politicians who has 
formed afoflowing that values him as 
a man of principle who will not sway 
with every passing breeze. 

The assets ana liabilities of Mr. 
Reagan’s approach were on full dis- 
play as the president's pleasant sum- 
mer vacation passed into history. De- 
ciding not to impose import quotas 
on a shoe industry battered into sub- 
mission by foreign imports, Mr. Rea- 


find a successor who c an give the As one World Bankwatchersaid: 
bank stronger leaderrinpin what may “Clausen ran into two buzz saw 
5 ? V*** * deteriorating economic: 


e ncap s 

against 

starts 


the Third Worid debt crisis. conditions around the world that 

Walter Wriston, the former Citi- triggered what we now call the debte 
emp chairman,* has been mentioned crisis, and the second was the Reagan 
for the job. So has the Federal Re- administration attitude that 
sene Board chairman, Paul A. George Shultz had pat one" over bv 
VOkacer, Other names are sure to flow sneaking Clausen past them in 1980” 
frooiWas^toa’s ramor mills. In fact, both the Reagan admiral 


the protectionist mind-set regime of President Pieter Botha is “a 


FROM OUR SEPT, 5 PAGES, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


191fl:Tradfi Officials Call U.S. Lenient 1935: 400 Die in Florida Hurricane 


NEW YORK — Commerce officials say they 
are at a loss to understand bow the impression 
got abroad that the new Consular regulations 
require foreign shippers of textiles to file with 
the United States Consols as many samples as 
there are rides in the United States in which 
they propose to offer them f or sale. Such 
a construction of the regulations they call 
preposterous. They declare most emphatically 
that the United States government is disposed 
to be lenient in this matter, and in fact, has 
been, its only desire being to prevent fraud 
at the American Customs Houses, such as was 
recently discovered at New Orleans. 


MIAMI — Between 400 and 500 persons were 
swept to their death by the West Indian hurri- 
cane which dashed wild seas across the Florida 
Keys [on Sept 4], as stale and Federal agencies 
mobilized relief for the devastated region. At 
least 200 war veterans, employed in Federal 
Emergency Relief Arimin ieirarinn camps on 
the keys, perished. Leonard Thompson, relief 
chairman, reported 100 bodies had been recov- 
ered at Metacumbc Key and he assumed pro- 
portionate numbers dial at other camps. Mrs. 
Carson Bradford Jr„ who flew over the rav- 
aged area, said: “Nowhere in all that land was 

a « g n that a man, w oman or child lived.” 


Why Stakes Are High in the Caribbean 


from Washington’s ramor mills. In fart, both the Reagan adnrims- : 

The second scenario bolds that the nation and Mr. Clausen's World 
White House, though disappointed Bank were slow to grasp 
with Mr. Clauses, will nonetheless rions of the Hard Wcrid 
allow him to work into a second term Only lately have they bo 
and retire in eariy 1988 at age C5. understand the need to pr 

Reagan ad minis tration . officials or countries with some 
be&vt Mr. Chosen’s stewardship is growth after periods of 
uninspired, that he lacks a dear and aged austerity: Mr. nan ff 
wen-articulated vision of the bank’s matdy pay the oenaltv for 


alsohL. 

Ws. i 


5 slow to gram the dimen- 
ie Third Wcaw debt crisis, 
y have they both come to 
d the need to provide debt- 
ies with some hope -for 


POJOOS Oi IMfr -nuin- 

■ Mr. Clausen may olti- 
s penalty for the bank’s 


role. They ray be does not have indecision. With or without him, the 
strong enough support among other hank will need more generous finano- 


By Robert J- Hanks 


W ASHINGTON — The debate over US. 
in Central America has generated mnrh ; 


international herald tribune 

JOHN HAY WHITNEY. Chairman 1958-1982 


KATHARINE GRAHAM, WILLIAM S. PALEY. ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 

Co-Chairmen 


LEE W. HUEBNER, Pubiahtr 

PHILIP M.FOISIE Extaaiv Editor RENE BONDY Deputy PMAtr 

WALTER WELLS. fifiror ALAIN LECOUR Aaaame PubkAer 

SAMUEL ABT Deputy Edhar RICHARD H. MORGAN Auockm PvbhAer 

ROBERT 1C McCABE Deputy Editor STEPHAN W. CONAWAY Direm* of Operands 

CARLGEW1RTZ Auodau Editor FRANCOIS DESMAISONS Dintioref C&catewa 

ROLF D. KRANEPUHL Director of Advnamg Sales 
International Herald Tribune, 181 Avenue Charles-de-GauDe, 92200 NeuiOv-sar-Srioe. 

France. Td.: 11)747-1265. Tdex: 612718 tHerahfi. Cables Herald Paris. ISSN:' 0294-8052. -g 

Directeur de la publication: Waiter N. Thayer. 

Asia Headauarten, 24-34 Hennessy M, Hong. KongJV.J : 28S6(EJdex 6jm 
Managua Du. U.fL: Bairn MacKkhan. 63 long A ere, London WdTdSXASlS. Telex 262009. jawl 
W. Loaebah Fhedtrhstr.IS. 6000 JJ*- 416721. ^ 


SA. au capital de 000,000 F. Rp Nmerrt B 232021126. Commit™ Fan taire N* 61337. 
U.S. subscription: $322 yearly. Second-dan postage paid at long Island Grp, N.Y. IDOL 
C 1985, International Herm Tribune. All rig/as reserved. 


VY in Central^ America has generated much heat but 
shed little practical light on some of the vital issues 
involved. Crucial stakes that the United States and its 
allies have in the continuing struggles in Central Amer- 
ica have been ignored, because the war of words has 
been waged oo ideological rather than national securi- 
ty lines. If the focus is shifted to security, important 
imperatives for U.S. action emerge. 

A map of the Caribbean basin will show that Cuba 
overlooks the Straits of Florida and the Yucatan Chan- 
nel, the sole maritime outlets connecting US. Gulf 
ports to the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and, 
ultimately, through the Panama Canal to the Pacific 
Ocean. From that island, Soviet and Cuban military 
forces could interdict all U.S. seaborne traffic moving 
into or out of the Gulf. 

Almost tiO percent of aD exports from and imports u> 
the eastern united States flow through Gulf ports. As 
the Mississippi River is a lifeline to mid-America, so 
the Caribbean is its jugular vein. little wonder that 
Moscow pen»vedmtiang<toportnnities in Rdd Cas- 
tro’s revdntion in Cuba, ana that the Krcmjin moved 
with alacrity to exploit them. 

It seems reasonably dear that since Grenada occu- 
pies a similar strategic position dominating the south- 
ern entrance to the Caribbean, overlooking the routes 
along which oil flows into.and out of ports and refiner- 
ies in Venezuela and Aruba, altruisn was not necessar- 
ily the driving force behind U.S. intervention there. 

If one now postulates a solidification of iheSasdin- 
ist regime in Nicaragua and (he subsequent export of 


its Soviet-backed revolution to the rest of Central 
America, an unsettling mosaic takes shape. Despite 
Moscow’s setback in Grenada, the shipping routes 
throughout the Caribbean basin, mdudmg noth ap- 
proaches to the Panama Canal, could be controlled by 
Soviet and smrogaw forces based in states beholden to 
the Soviet Union. AH U5. and allied shipping could be 
placed at risk at Moscow’s whim. Anyone who doubts 
that Soviet warships, aircraft and submarines would 
not quickly become frequent callers at and operate 
from facilities throughout the Western Caribbean litto- 
ral is naive; witness Cuba, Angola and Vietnam. 

Should war engulf Europe, three critical conse- 
quences would ensue: First, all efforts to reinforce the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization from U-S. Golf 
ports — 40 percent of the entire effort — would be 
subject to attack. Second, indispensable US. inmorfs 
of oil and strategic minerals and metals — nearly 50 


LETMKS 


nations to dictate a rempomtroent— mg than (he Reagan administration 
85 w ? s .^f,? asc m “bert MicNa- and Gmgress have ytt promised, 
mara s third-tens ncflppflpifrnfflt. 71 * D ~ 

Administration SK ay Mr. Post. 

Clausen has failed to provide aseose 
of the directions in which the Hank 
must move in the 1990s. They fed he 

shows up poorly next to someone as «» i-i xrr j.n i 

dynamic as Jacques de Laros&e, the " erve ^ Won’t Help 
managing dirrotorof the fotenofinn- Regarding “Pentagon’s Via 
al Monetary Fund. Opens a New Battle" (%£ ]& 

S Considerable mutual bitterness de- One locus of ffv —a » v 

when the United States sue- dtaSriisi S 
forced a 25-percent cut in “tit” wfll be 
«r (he World Bank's Interna- that ^ 

tional Development Association, ntriSEnfat 


Regarding ''Pentagon’s Victory?? 
Opens a New Battle ” (Aug. J3): . .? '■ v . 

of fog onifciy’sbefiid- " 

\n Lf* seDea ^ ww. 

“hr wfll be answered by. ^at”- — 


/wsocianon, retaliatioa in kmrf ■ 

winch gives grants to the poorest of battalion e«JS?U ■ 
the poor. Mr. Qausea publicly foe. If 
foosSttha; retrenduiiaiL ’ *dL tostes i mumss; 

He is known to consider the snip- 
ingM_bim tobe unfair. He bas nSS 


would be simflariy imperiled. Finally, a huge diversion 
of U-S. nriHiary power would be necessary to R^ain 
control of Caribbean waters. Ibis would include major 
forces that would be desperately needed to help fight a 
Soviet invasion of Western Europe. 

A far smaller comautmoit would be necessaty to 
neutralize Cuba and predatory forces operating from 
its lerrilmy than would be required to meet the overall 
threat onceit spread throughout the Caribbean littoral. 


the World Bank m many directions mSTT 1181 ™ 
advexated by the tWstttts. He 


has placed greater emphasis on the 

private sector both in the bank and 

through its fotematioaal Finance 
Coro, subsidiary. And he has soft- 
ened his demand for a General Capi- 
tal Increase for the bank, wiridfthe 


arm^xace 


Richard p. wit^GNi.- 

Mobfle, Alabama, - 


The author, a retired rear admiral, has written asm* 
dvefy on political-military affairs. He contributed this 
comment to the Los Angeles Times. 


k source adds; “From 

(rf Tom Clausen, the 


^*5* Pressor was “i 

nans during tutorials”! 




able to look at four years of very 


HELENA KAUN,I 
. . 7 "Zurich.' 


J 









^srj. i 

°°8% I 

^ I 

' I 

^for 1 

“i’iw 1 

i 

feint 1 
a&Sa | 

*51 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 f l VyC^Vj 

SCIENCE T ^ 


Page 9 


^ or Disabled? Computers Open 
t° Education? Employment 


L ' - -'■ • 





specially adapted iSoS 

Jhar disabilities. The tcxhSology 
to allow mfliS 
“People to compete in mam. 


ao “ Md “8 to experts in ttefidcL 
JFor the visually iinpajj^ a voice 
synthesizer can beattactad tcTa 
cra?5Dter to read words that ap- 

*^SLSS 

?*jeanng on a conmuter screen 
mto pimted Braille. The same text 


can be displayed on a VersaBndlle, 
wludi has plastic pins that raise 
andtower to fonna Hue of Braille. 

fttme with hnrited mobility can 
use kqrboarGs with oversize keys or 


sonal Computers and Special 
Needs" (Sybex Computer Books, 
reedto *984)- 

nite or “You may be handicapped, but 
10 peo~ for the first time in history you and 
tes are computer can do almost any-, 
srsonal dung anyone else can do," Dr. 
up for Bowe said. “If you can’t see, don’t 
oology wony; the machine does. If yon 
lillians curt get to and from woxfc, the 
main- toachine can by getting ordersfttan 
cation, die boss to you and your work to 
Trf 4 .the bass." 

a voice Scott Luber, 25, is an accountant 
i to a with muscular dystrophy who 
tat ap- works for Nankin, School! & Co, 
trial. A an accounting finn in Milwaukee, 
mmed He is doe of hundreds of men and 
sannot women, who are employed because 
he text of their proficiency with adapted 
screen obnpalm.'TlMytoidineiflcould 
ae text adapt a computer to my needs, I*d 
IndUe, . be hired," Mr. Luba: said, 
t raise Atop a special mechanized desk, 
IraQIe. he uses an IBM PC with a nrinia- 


Now she is actually going through 
the process of writing and develop- 
ing her own thoughts." 

Mrs. Brand added that her 
daugh t er is now advancing, two ao- 
. adaacyeazs for evay year spent in 
school Shoshana uses an Apple lie 
computer equipped withanEchoU 
voice synthesizer and a keyboard 
with keys twice the usual sire Sh^ 
types with her thumbs. 

_ Some of these computer adapta- 
tions have been available once 
- 1979, but the majority of people 
with disabilities — an estimated 25 
ssdBioa in (he United States — stiD 
do not have computers. Of these, 
about four miTtinn, those who are 
mentally alert and in relatively 
good health, could likely use a com- 
puter to best advantage on the job 
or in school, but only 20,000 are 








jf, E : «1 


. Luba 1 said. currently done so, said Dr. Law- 

aal mechanized desk, rimce A. Scadden, director of reha- 
M PC with a minia- bilitation en gi nee r i n g at the Ekc-> 


IN BRIEF 

Unisex Contraceptive Vaccine Tested 

GLASGOW (Reutere) — A unisex contraceptive that could provide 
protection for several years has been successfully tested on monkeys and 
should be available to men and women within five years, according to a 
British scientist. 

Dr. Dennis Lincoln said ax the annnal meeting of the British Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science inGIasgow that the contraceptive, 
in the form of a vaccine, worked by producing antibodies to sperm. 

The vaccine has been tried successfully an, marmoset monkeys in 
Edinburgh, Linooln said “It rendered them infertile for periods of more 
than one year wi thout disturbing other aspects of their reproductive cycle 
or behavior. They then became fertile again," he said. 

Natural Insecticide Comes From Tree 

WASHINGTON (NYT) — Scientists with the Department of Agricul- 
ture have derived a “namraT insecticide from a tree that grows proufical- 
ly in tropical regions. 

In experiments, rtrnrira ls extracted from the neem tree, a native of 
Asia and Africa, have deterred more than 80 different agricultural pests, 
including carpet beetles, tobacco badworms, grasshoppers, citrus mealy- 
bugs, navel orangeworms and confused Dour beetles. Neem-laced baits 


t eopfci with lanhed mobility can tore -keyboard, actually a Sharp tronk Industries Foundation, a 
iwe keyboards with oversize keys or pocket computer. Resting bis nonprofit group in Washington 
devices that can replace keyboards hands on thedesk, he manipulates that works to encouragp public and 
altogether. These include plastic two pencils to strike the computer's • private agencies to help individuals 


fad R. Gmqd/Tha Naw York Tom 

Scott: Luber, an accountant, who was hired after he acquired his adapted computer. 


1Desc utciude plastic two pencils to strike the computers private agencies to help 
tuba that can be operated by what keys. . buy computer systems, 

is known as “sip and onff." a svs- Cnomutere can akn hrfn rf.il- ^or these oeonk. 


Si 

Iff st ft 

H 
* R 

!; & 
v*V)it 3 

* f-J 

'**** 
ilan»» 
sd Kbit 

- '■"ICt; £ 

S®: * 

\ ^ 

, rasa j 

: k* « 

irzi ‘ • 

itz.- 5; 
:x»:; irl; $ 
f. 
& 


-C.'ST 1 
-idter- ; 
„• z: Sfli.* : 
::zzr. t 
r.kiff. { 

■i: s.^15- 6 

i 




sure!? 

idei 


is known as sip and puff," a sys- Computers can also heto diil- “ For diese people, computers 

tern for translating inhaled and .ex- dren with disabilities in sdrnoL “A w” 1 *? .reduce the effort of their 
limed air into text. For the deaf, deaf rftild can partici pate in disabilities,” he said. “Computers 
computer m a il , printed informs- can answer a teacbor s questions, would make a big difference in 
tion that can be transmitted in- can even joke with other students their level of independence and 
stanfly to and from other compot- .in the classroom," Dr. Bowe said, productivity." 
erSjCan replace office telephones. Shnshaim Brand, 10, is blind apd r i 
Tnese are only a few exmnples of has cerebral palsy. She attends the I . . ^ a 
what equipment is available; more Castro Hementary School, a public -L he cost aM a lack of awareiKSs 
isb^devdoped. # -sdioolmEICeS^lSbSL « iPffiSfSTS 

/This technology is going to fore she got her computer three 

change hves as nothing has b c- years ago, she needed other people I °^P. reaa °ns more people with dis- 
faie. r Mid Dr. Fnmk G. Bow. write for her. 

directtM- of research for the federal Her mother, Jacqodyn, said, - - ^ .£* i™* ‘RP c 5 r “ 

Arehilectoral and Tranroortation “She.leamed that if she waited long 
Barriers CompliancTSoard in enough, someone would teD bS 
Washington aod author of “Per- what to write, and she didn't learn.- 

pie with nearing and vision impair- 
ments. 

An adapted computer, with soft- 
ware, often costs between $2,000 
and $10,000. Seme equipment is 
available for as little as S200, but 
the Kurzwdl reader, which reads 
printed pages aloud in a synthe- 
sized voice, costs $30,000. 

Mr. Kuns said, “There are very 
few social programs that can fund 
the purchase of cmnputera." 

Medicare and Medicaid, federal 
aid programs, only rarely pay for 
adapted computers, and federal * 
laws enacting programs that pro- 
vide aids for people with disabil- 
ities — the Education, for All 
Handicapped Children's Act and 
the Rehabilitation Art of 1973, for 
example — do not specifically list 
computers as “appropriate pur- 
chases.” 

. ■ v .• .... _'j/- ... - Meomad/nmNmrypricVmt , GfydcJ. Bdmey, health program 

Deborah Butler learns t» work a Brmlle winter. - manager for the Office of Technol- 


For these people, computers 
would reduce the effect of their 
disabilities," he said. “Computers 
would make a lug difference in 
their level of independence and 
productivity." 


1 he cost and a lack of awareness 
on the part of many rehabilitation 
counselors and teachers are the 
main reasons more people with dis- 
abilities are not using computers, 
said Jeny A. Kuns, director of 



1 - t‘\ TndK.Cmod/JtmNmrypik Ttmt 

Deborah Butler leans to work a Braifle printer. * 


ogy Assessment, a congressional 
advisory agency, raid, 'The laws 
are vague and applied unevenly by 
people who have a stake in keeping 
their budgets down and by people 
who don't know that the technol- 
ogies are available." 

“It’s a state-by-state decision," 
said Richard R. LeClare, acting di- 
rector of the National Institute of 
Handicapped Research of the U.S. 
Department of Education, which 
supports research for making com- 
puters accessible to people with 
fti ^ihiiiriai “This is something that 
has only come up in recent years. 
To my knowledge, nowhere do we 


To my knowledge, nowhere do we 
say buying computers for people is 
a great idea, but the laws are gener- 
al enough to allow it" 

Some state departments of edu- 
cation and rehabilitation have pur- 
chased computers for a few indi- 
viduals with disabilities. 

Connecticut, New Jersey, Wis- 
consin and California have been 
among the most wilting to buy the 
technology for individuals, accord- 
ing to Dr. Gregg C. Vanderhdden, 
director of the Trace Center, which 
works with people with disabilities 
at the University of Wisconsin at 
Madison. 

In New York state, the Office of 
Vocational Rehabilitation of the 
Education Department, has pur- 
chased more than 100 personal 
computers ova- the part two years 
for people with disabilities to nse in 
employment and training, said 
Richard XL Switzer, the office’s 
deputy commissioner. 

Accenting to the National Insti- 
tute of Handicapped Research, 
federal and state governments 


spend about $60 billion annually to 
support people with disabilities; 
about $25 to $30 million goes to 
researching rehabilitation technol- 
ogy. Of that, about $2 million goes 
toward research on adapted com- 
puters. 

Much of the equipment used to 
adapt computers for people with 
disabilities, like the voice synthesiz- 
er, was nri giafly developed for the 
general computer market On the 
other hand, the development of 
some equipment spedficially for 
people with disabilities is encour- 
aged by potentially profitable ap- 
plications in b usiness and industry. 

For instance, Minspeak is a voice 
synthesizer system for the mute. A 
keyboard that shows pictures in- 
stead of letters allows quick retriev- 
al of common sentences — light- 
ning bolts signify the word rest; 
apples mean food If both keys are 
depressed, and the “water spigot" 
key is hit, the synthesizer says, “2 
want a Coke." 


qudries from a major corporation 
about adapting the system for the 
quick retrieval of data at nuclear 
power plants. 

Voice-recognition machines that 
would allow people to talk to a 
computer and have their words ap- 
pear on a screen are bong devel- 
oped separately by International 
Business Machines Corp. and 
KmzweD Applied Intelligence Inc. 
The devices would be used both as 
- electronic interpreters for the hear- 
ing impaired and as a replacement 


for dictation equipment and typists 
in offices. 

But even with these advances, 
technology that can be used by 
people with disabilities lags behind 
the general computer market 

Mr. Vanderbeiden and Mr. 
Scadden met with computer manu- 
facturers at the White House last 
February in an effort to create a 
standard system fen- interconnect- 
ing devices to aD new personal 
computers. Participants included 
IBM, Apple, Radio Shack, Hon- 
eywell ana American Telephone & 
Telegraph Corp. 

Thai sent of cooperation, along 
with increasing numbers of special- 
edneation teachers and rehabilita- 
tion counselors who taking com- 
puter training classes, are hopeful 
signs, said Dr. Martha Redden, di- 
rector of the Project on the Handi- 
capped at the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of 
Science in Washington. 

“It's still new. but there is no 
question that attitudes are chang- 
ing," she said. “People are learning 
that a computer could be put 
alongside a wheelchair or a hearing 
aid in opening new worlds for the 
disabled" 


Ancient Tooth Holds Fining 

The Assodoied Press 

JERUSALEM — A tooth con- 
taining the world's oldest known 
dental filling has been found in the 
skull of a middle-aged warrior of 
Nambatea, who was buried in a 
mass grave in the Negev Desert 
2^200 years ago. 


Scientists with the Agricultural Research Service in BeksviDe, Mary- 
land, have developed a commercial ncem-derived product that the 
Environmental Protection Agency is considering for vegetable and arna- 
mealal crops. 

Finding May Improve Epilepsy Drugs 

STANFORD, California (UPI) — Scientists have found unusual brain 
cells that may trigger epilepsy, a discovery they say could lead to 
improved drugs for people who have the disorder. 

Dr. Barry Connors, assistant professor of neurology at Stanford 
University School of Medicine, said, “If proved conclusively that the 
bursting cells indeed are the ones that start an attack, learning more 
about them could lead to the design of drugs to stifle epilqjtic discharges 
at their source. We could target a drug towards them to shut them off 
specifically, rather than depress the whole central nervous system. This is 
the way anti-convulsants tend to work now." 

Seizures result when large numbers of nerve cells in the brain suddenly 
synchronize their electrical activity. The abnormal rhythm produces the 
convulsive movements, fainting or episodes of confusion. 


Pressure Treatment Sobers Up Bats 

LOS ANGELES (NYT) — For years, exrxmnenters have looked for 
reliable ways to soba people up quickly. Neither black coffee nor cold 
showers work, but scientists at the University of Southern California may 
have hit on something that does — for rats, at least 
Researchers at the university’s Alcohol and Brain Research Laboratory 
in Los Angeles report in the journal Science that inebriated rats soba up 
fast when placed in chambers containing a mixture of helium and oxygen 
pumped to a pressure 12 times greater than that of the air at sea-level 
The high-pressure environment of artificial air acts as an antagonist to 
alcohol’^ inebriating effects, without actually removing alcohol from the 
bodies of (he rats or chang in g their metabolism, the group says. 


mg. sne said, reopsc are icaimng __ 

ifefSa’tataSd.iS! Cheap Mirror Could Aid Astronomers 


GLASGOW (AF) — Two Scottish scientists have developed a cheap 
and reliable way of making telescope mirrors, which they say could 
revolutionize astronomy ana overcome a major difficulty in the Reagan 
administration's proposed Strategic Defense Initiative. 

Dr. Peter Waddell and Dr. Bill King of Strathclyde University in 
Glasgow demonstrated their invention at the animal meeting of the 
British Association for the Advancement of Science. 

They showed how they could transform a plastic sheet into a 26-inch 
(66-centimeter) telescope mirror within seconds. Grinding a glass mirror 
of that size would take months and the optical performance would 
probably not be as good, they said. 

The scientists said the technique solved SDFs problem of placing 
scores of large, steerable mirrors tn space to bounce laser beams from one 
side of the Earth to the other. 


Our Compact Disc system is a totally new 
experience in music reproduction. It ’s a Philips invent- 
-;1 ion, universally acclaimed for its pure, perfect sound. 

Behind that perfect sound is Philips’ advanced 
laser-optical technology. A precisely focused beam of 
laser light ‘reads’ the digital information stored on the disc. 
Without any mechanical contact. That means the disc will 
never wear out, however often it is played. 

Also, the music recorded on a Compact Disc is 
encapsulated under a hard, transparent layer. Protecting it 
against dust and everyday handling. So the sound that 

starts perfect, stays perfect. 

Like the long- lasting Compact Disc, our SL*lamps 
vy also have an exceptionally long lifetime. Around 5000 
? hours, which is five times as long as incandescent lamps. 






Philips has sound ideas about light 




In addition, an 18 Watt SL*lamp provides just as 
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Page 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


ASP 

<■ 


•• 


INSIGHTS 




Exercising the Intellect in New York: A Before-and- After Story 


Ik 




By James Atlas 


New York Tima Serrtce 


HEN I was 17, I read a story by 
Ddmoir Schwartz that introduced a 


sarial elite; U is in the very nature of the job. In 
19th-centmy Paris, in Russia during its succes- 
sion of revelations, they -were anarchists and 
radicals, dedicated to die overthrow of despotic 
governments. 


, “It doesn't respond to new forms 

ton’s American Repertory Theater — whatever dieval heretics thrown K" For Me. Marcus, one san Review gang, is alive and weD and living in “f r^T wieseltier, wbo has photographs 
strikes Mr. Kramers team of aides as trendyor elite most influential prooooncemems of the New York. . . S ^JcOrwdL Lionel Trilling and Je late 

SKS Jf* ttetaity Only what kind of culture * £ NoOte FiShStic Roland Barths on the wall \et Mte ■ 


fake. 


on 


In its original press release. The New Gitei- detotiontrfagreataSthfltconldiwtradui thooght I would find when I came to New York wxk bears the mark Of a 

i promised u to pose bard questions, challenge Quick Beny as well as Proust was worthless. It in the late 1970s with a head full <rf images to the New York intri,- 


\JyDelmorc Schwartz that introduced a rn h^ n !c n nt niwssarilv in owrent orthodoxies and speak, oat for the values it’s interesting, if it works, it’s stood. " drawn from bonks. No inteUectoals of my gen- figo* 0 ? 5 the distinction day 

vUiJSeSLSf SL V0 3 bula ^‘ bewtS^tbawSuSsoi^ofthe culture.” TOs it has done -until a Whyte* so many younger ^dispensed S^a^HkethepoetinSaulBeliowJ 

Yearns Eve^ concerned a group of young writers w.j — . 1 «« i;t*n>rv *tand*rel* and a fierce with this onee^mdal distinction? Diana TriTL “HnmhAUt*' mft ” — a fictional version of made between high “to 


&■ 


great Modernists championed in the pages of dedication to literary standards and a fierce with this onoecracial distinction? Diana TriDr “Humboktfs Gift" — a fictional version ™***"!^ Etc themselves." te-»3* ^ 

gSWiSui! PSutisanRevkw-WJB.Yeats,toPomd^ polemical verve namniscait of ns nemess, Jhe ^blan^teh*^ Debnorc Schwartz — taBring for into tire night of a cultiijal efite." . . 


and editors in New Y 

have a party on a grim winter's night in the 

1930s. In the opening scene, the host and one of- raw A^rwtMmwJfa 

Us cronies are engaged in abitter dispute about j ‘teforcdtensdfa 

»bo should taSd ta the party!“Shice boih 
of diem woe mtenectoals,” Sctarartz noted ™ religion. The unporUmt thmg 

party and aboot each other's character” t^ the best drfeose of colttne agamst 

TntAnprta.oie? we Pnilistmes. 

“N?w^* Eve." I later discovered, was a ThcNew York “leUectuals were leftist as a 

matxa^ coarse. ’‘Ev^fosu assumed wi were 

Partisan Review, a magazme I read avidly ha ““ land af.soaahst," says hying Knstot co- 




critique of postwar American culture. Sa mue l ailture itself. WIlKam Barrett blames a lot of 


UN UUIJ UUIUW4IWVHMUW ^ * _ 

an art which celebrates the primary of ideas, 
and so did L 

To be sure, there wests plenty of ideas injhe 
air. 


O WHERE do you 


jit 


W good life is to read and write boote?'n>e>- 
&rit¥- Since the 1950s. mldtoctnal.-, 
adnSSf States has r- 

centrated cm the campus. Thejpr^d of Iq gfacr 


in* 


editor of The Public Interest What was endless- 
ly debated was where on the left you stood. 
Stalinists. Trotskyites, Leninists, Mandst-Le- 
ninists, all debated their positions endlessly in 
the pages of Partisan Review —or, as Edmund 

Wilson called it Partisansky Review. 

JSariXtt3s»!S^ 

hul today is neocoDKiv&iive. ImeDectoato, like 
overyoneebe, tend to follow power. Ewn Susan 

_ - ■ . . " i hzd, through dS^ed in support of the Polish 


college — and not just the current issues, but the 
heavy, maroon-bound volumes from the 1930s 
and ’40s announcing the latest article by Lionel 
Trilling or Edmund Wilson, a new poem by 
Wallace Stevens or Allen Tate, a story by Saul 
Bellow or Bernard Malamud. 


Hie New York intellectuals bad a significant influence on 
our literary culture. They promoted the great European 
Modernists; they produced definitive essays on the poets and 
novelists of their own time; above all, they established the 
seriousness of the intellectual enterprise. 


a periodical meant to be picked up from the Su^^St ' Communism * fas- 
newsstand and read in a Greenwich Village dsm? « and^aSfor *^K-> 


abandoning, many of the 
complacencies of the left” — among than the 
belief that Communism was hospitable to art. 


ou, iuc yuuiun ujumwiu kuumcu wu u*« — — , i___ 

cocountcred bad read books, too. In their own gjneation after World War ft when coikges 

way,thwwerejustftsliteraleasThe61dParti»n expaxu i 0 i and state umveisti« sprang.^. 

Review crowd. But there was no commumty faculties. Suddenly the New Ypa 

dominating the scene the way the Partisan Ro- intellectuals were in demand. Some lMaa_. 
view crowd bad, no group of writers and cnQcs Trifling, Sidney Hook, the art cpnc Meyer bafflr. 
v*o saw themselves — or were seen “ piro — wbere already estabbsMd aade^ra, 

arbiters of taste, in tcrjxcters of culture, critics of ^ freebee critics also foomla rrady «r ; 

society in the lar^st sense. There was no wnter com& Rahv wtmt off to Branoas; Mr.- 
who commanded the authority that Alfred Ka- taiuebt at Princeton Umveraty andBard 

tin or Dwight Macdonald or Philip Rahv did m Colleire before he moved back to the Unrrcrsity. _ 
thtlWOs. . of Chicago (to be followed by^H^oid R^o- 

How to account for the dis^Jpearance of this {jera); Lionel Abel aided up at Buffalo. Most ot 

type? A different economy, for one thing. “No those who stayed were absojhedmto the mnvat 

(me can afford to be an mte&ectzxal anymore, sity system of New Yore City — a oisereat . 
says Leon Wiesdtior. “Tbe culture doesn’t sup- W orid from the Greenwich Viflage soocty of 

port Has a profession.” Gone are the days when partisan Review. 

Lionel Abri could move to Greenwich Village 




*’7.& 

Lrfl l“* . 


1 ** 

rf^pje 

.,-e 
5? 


, i-JTs 5 




cafeteria. 

Partisan Review still is a going concern. Last 
winter it celebrated its 50th anniversaiy with a 
giant issue featuring work by eminent contribu- 
tors from several generations: Diana Trilling, 

Alfred Kayfn , Philip Roth, Norman Podboretz, 

Leonard Michaels, and on down to a 
writers just beginning to establish themselves. 

SMSttsttSKSS ijsst?.***- *“ 

“Our literature, our culture, our politics are 


things: the decline of religion, the campus tur- 


and support himself on the strength of an ad- was a natural career choice. There were. 

jobs to be had; univeraties enjoyed ccHiskter- 




gcBet*- 


u:- 


years 

hacT^^y been acknowledged by a prominent 
1 naiMUlu w spokesman for the left. Partisan Review, which 
maintained a dogged sympathy for the uprisings 


Novd," finds even less. Quoting a passage from nature to an excuse for Hberatian. from societal 
Ann Beattie’s “Chilly Scenes of Winter,”^ he constraints. Others blame the decline in literacy. 


full of contradictious and reversals and polar- 
izations," W illiam Phillips, the magazine's co- 
founder and still its editor, wrote in his intro- 
duction. Tbe old political categories are 
obsolete. The endless debates between various 
factions on the left about Stalinism versus 
Trotskyism, the role of intellectuals in American 
life, the relationship between politics and art, 
have given way to acrimonious disputes be- 


A CCORDING to HD ton Kramer, who gave 
f\ up his job as chief art critic of The New 
XX. York Times in 1982 to found Tbe New 
Criterion, a anaO-drculatiori magazine devoted 
to cultural critirism, “Tbe counterculture dis- 
credited the intellectual vocation." He added: 
“It was (bear assault on the whole enterprise of 
high culture that created the polarity between 
serious criticism cm the one hand and advocacy 


remar ks: “ ‘So what? 1 one wants to scream. 

Mr. Podhoretz, too, has a roster of articulate 
yo ung contributors — including Steven C. Mun- 
son and Roger Kaplan, Nick Eberstadt and 
Daniel Pipes. And he has a considerable follow- 
ing on campus; students write papers and dis- 
sertations on Ms work. But (ins influence is 
deceptive, he cautions. New York intellectual 
life is still undo- the thumb of what Mr. Podhor- 
etz rails “the d ominan t liberal culture.” Donti- 


‘Just to have read a lot of books makes one old- 
fashioned," com plains Miss Son tag. 

The novelist and critic Elizabeth Hardwick 
agrees. “You don’t get that kind of passionate 
reader,” she says of her students at Gty College, 
“the nutty, maladapted kid who sits there mul- 
ing with the vacuum going and your mother 
nagging you to go out and do something" 

Far the old school of New Yack intellectuals, 
the life of tbe mind was paramount; it made 
them what they were. “Iread as if books would 


UUU. VTUUU 5 ^ — — 

of colleges and universities had . . 

the' best younger writers of the country, vrere 
clustered in remote, picturesque locales like 
Missoula, Montana, and Burlington, Vermont 
— wherever of fine arts degrees were 

handed out .• 


The predominance of universities in thena- - 
lion's cultural life has just about done in 


tween neocouservattves and a dwindling band journalism on tbe other.” For Mr. Kramer, the 
of liberals. Vietnam protests of the 1960s represented an 

Literary criticism, once the provenance of attack on authority, a subversion of crvflized 
free-lance intellectuals, has become the property values. 

of aradwnira and journalists. Whatever tixar “We are sdH-living in the aftermath of the 
current political allegiances, the surviving New insidious assault on mind that was one of the 


□ant? In the 1980s? “Of course it’s dominant. 

Mr. Podhoretz says. “Have you ever met anyone fill my every gap, remedy every flaw, let me at 
who was against a nuclear freeze?” last into the great world that was anything out of 

Who are these liberals? Largely the crowd Brownsville" in Brooklyn, Alfred Kazin recalled 


Greenwich Village in the 1940s was full of Luftmenschen — 
literally f air men 9 — without visible means of support. The 
cafeteria was their salon, the park bench their seminar 
room. To read and talk all day was considered a respectable 
profession. 


associated with The New York' Review of 
Books, long a vociferous opponent of U.S. gov- 
ecumfait domestic and foreign policy, of the war 
in Vietnam, of Richard M. Nixon and Henry A. 
Kissinger, and of the Reagan administration's 
policies in Latin America. Although it has be- 
come somewhat staid of late, concentrating 
more on belies let ties than on politics. The New 
York Review of Books is still anathema to the 
neoconservatives. (Tom Wolfe once called it 
“the chief theoretical organ of radical chic.”) 
Despite its unremitting seriousness, its willing- 
ness to publish long academic essays by eminent 
scholars, the magazine takes a tolerant view of 
the 1 960s, and of the culture that came out of it. 
Its editors, Robot Silvers and Barbara Epstein, 
have never hesitated to publish James Wolcott 
on the Rolling Stones beside an essay by John 
Kenneth Galbraith on Keynesian economics, or 
Susan Son tag on photography beside a reviewtof 
books about Watteau. 


in “A Walker in the Gty” 


Ys 


M 


ISS Son tag’s sympathy with new de- 
velopments on the cultural scene, her 


OU did not have to be Jewish to be a 
New York intellectual — Dwight Mac- 
donald, William Barrett and Mary Mc- 
Carthy come instantly to mind — but it helped. 
The Kentucky-born Elizabeth Hardwick often, 
has claimed that she came to New York to be a 
Jewish intellectual, and Mr. Barrett describes in 
“The Truants” an atmosphere so “pervasively 
Jewish” that he tended to forget he was “not a 
Jew after afl." 

If Jews became free-lance intellectuals, it was 
not necessarily by choice: The English depart- 
ments of universi ties were not open to them in 
the 1930s and ’40s. Diana Trilling has written 
very movingly, in a memoir pointedly titled 
“Done! Trifling: A Jew at Columbia,” of the' 
humiliations ho- husband suffered as a young, 
untenured academic among WASP professors. 
By the end of the 1950s, though, batin&surviyed 
the McCarthy era, the once-subvereive group of 
novelists and oitics loosely gathered around 
Partisan Review were members of society; they 


Barrett's recollection. 

. “Nobody had any money then,” says Eliza- 
beth Hardwick. “Writers were supposed to be 
poor.” A $2^00 advance from a publisher 
meant a year free to write. Writers bought (rid 
farmhouses in Connecticut for a song or found 
add-water flats in the city. When, they needed 
money, they got low-leva positions on maga- 

ziiifisor temporary teaching jobs. Tbe ait cntic V1 — .-n-r--' ,xw «... , 

Harold Rosenberg worked far an advertising . teflectual who flo urished m the 1940s. lbeacad- . 
agamy. Others were [supported by their spouses, emy has become increasingly spaialized. Some ; 
C*It was a tradition among the New Yoricintd- of the most influential English departmen te in 
lectuals to marry money,” says Irving KristoL) the country — notably those of Johns Hopkins - 
Because fewer writers can now afford to live and Yale — are dominated by the arcane disc*--.; 
is New Yak, the city has forfeited its claim to plines of structuralism and deconstractromsmi- ■ 
being tbe center of the Kteraiy wadd. “The modes of literary discourse imported fr onrE o- 
scrong new fiction bang written in the binter- rope and virtually inaccessible to the lay reader, 
lands suggests that novelists of urban sensibility Tbe general, Cree-wheeHng essay that was a 


£^ e - 


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Abu 

H&st 

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hst'ScsP- 
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can no longer assume, as they have in recent favored genre erf the New York inteflectuafa— - 

' Hnmant voice in our the kind of essay, wrote Irving Howe, that - 


Hf-raHi-^ Hint theirs is the dominant 
literature,” Robert Towers noted recently in 


ventured to “‘go beyond’ its subject, toward 


Forced to compete for space with a seemingly limitless 
population of yuppies, writers and artists have scattered all 
over the city, disposed to Brooklyn and Long Island City, oir; 
across the Hudson to Hoboken. But the romance of straggle ’ 

■ iff gone. Poverty is odtl ’ 




V'Ti 1 . • 


V> : 


openness to pop music and Pop Art,’ were in good standing. In 1953, Mr. Bellow 
Lem Ricfenstahl and Xean-Luc Godard, epito-' could begm “The Adventures of Augie March 


Yoric intellectuals agree on one thing; The worid 
is not what it was. 

The same elegiac note dominated a confer- 
ence on intellectuals sponsored last April by 
Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New 
York At a session with tbe title “What Was a 
New York Intellectual?” the panelists — Nor- 
man Birobaum, an adjunct professor of govern- 
ment at Georgetown University; Theodore So- 
krtaroff, founder of the New American Review 
and now an editor at Harper & Row, and Mark 
Kropnick, a professor of English at the Univer- 
sity of Wisamsm-MItwaiikee — offered many 
definitions. (Perhaps the most succinct was Mr. 
Bimbaum’s: “A New York intellectual was one 
who wrote for, edited or read Partisan Review.*]) 

Bat despite their strenuous efforts to dissoci- 
ate themselves from the funereal grammar of 
their topic, none of the panelists really disputed 
its main implication: that such a community no 
longer exists. The past tense says it alL 

The surest sign of any group’s demise is the 
appearance of memoirs, and the New York 
intellectuals have been busy writing theirs: Lio- 
nel AbeTs “The Intellectual Follies," William 
Phillips’s “A Partisan View,” Irving Howe’s “A 
Margin of Hope” and William Barrett’s “The 
Truants" have appeared in tbe last three years. 
Sidney Hook is at work on a memoir entitled 
“Out of Step: A Life in the Twentieth Century,” 
and Diana Trilling is writing a book about her 
life with Lionel, her late husband. There are ball 
a dozen other books in the works on T rilling , as 
well as a biography of Philip Rahv, one of the 
Partisan Review’s founders, and a comprehen- 
sive study of the whole group forthcoming from 
Oxford University Press. The old New York 
intellectuals are the American Bloomsbury. 


\%TT HO made up this self-appointed elite? 

Irving Howe wrote in a 1967 essay: 

TT “They are, or until recently have been, 
anti -Communist; they are, or until some time 
ago were, radicals; they have a fondness for 
ideological speculation; they write lHeraiy criti- 
cism with a strong social emphasis; they revel in 
polemic; they strive self-consdocdy to be ‘bril- 
liant’; and by birth or osmosis, they are Jews.” 
Cosmopolitan, erudite, argumentative, tbe New 
York intellectuals were custodians of culture, 
interpreters of Marxism, existentialism, whatev- 
er was in the air. 

“The definition of a New York intellectual is 


most repulsive features of the radical movement 
of the ’60s.” he declared in one of The New 
Criterion's early editorials. In Mr. Kramer's 
view, “the leftward turn in our political life” 
went unchallenged by intellectuals — worse, 
went unacknowledged —even though that left- 
ward turn proved a threat to their own author- 
ity 

Norman Podhoretz, the editor of Commen- 
tary, concurs. “You have to remember that the 
older group around Partisan Review had a real 
passion for literature,” he says. “It was really the 
central activity in those days.” Mr. Podhoretz 
started out as a literary critic. His early .apprais- 
als of John Updike, Mary McCarthy arid Saul 
Bellow were as controveisaJ in the 1950s and 
early ’60s as bis neoconservative political writ- 
ings are now. But culture was “politicized” dur- 
ing the 1960s, Mr. Podhoretz. argues; the ener- 
gies that had gone into literature and criticism 
were divested to political and social issues. 

In 1952, Danid Bell, the Harvard sociologist, 
recalls in Partisan Review’s 50thraimiversary 
issue, the timid suggestion ventured in the mag- 
azine’s symposium on “Our Country and Our 
Culture” that intellectuals had grown weary of 
their alienation from American life was met 
with “astonishment, incredulity and even out- 
rage." 

Three decades later, Mr. Bell notes an oppo- 
site phenomenon: a class of intellectuals ‘Tor 
whom the affirmation of America and capital- 
ism has become the ground of their existence, 
and for whom criticism of America is an af- 
front," 

Despite modest circulations, the neoconser- 
vative journals — such as The Public Interest, 
Commentary and The New Criterion — are 
highly influential both in government and cul- 
tural circles. ‘The ‘neo-cons’ are the real heirs of 
the New York intellectuals," says Paul Berman, 
a young Marxist literary critic associated with 
the Middle Atlantic Radical Historians’ Organi- 
zation. “They’re the cares who stiH believe in tbe 
power of ideas— the conviction that if you can 
get the analysis of society straight, you’ll accom- 
plish great things.” 

What the neoconservatives have on their side, 
apart from the general spirit of the times, is a 
consensus about issues — or at least a sense of 
what the issues are. “There’s no equivalent on 
the left today to what the Communist Party 
meant for intellectuals in the ’30s," says Greu 


mizes for neoconservatives the (readiness of the 
left, its promiscuous embrace of the new. For 
Mr. Kramer, Miss Sontagis a celebrity intellec- 
tual the “Pasionaria” of the “new, pleasure- 
seeking revolution in sensibility” that emerged 
out of tbe 1960s. 

The trouble started in 1966 with "Against 
Interpretation,” the collection of essays that 
established her reputation. In dismissing the 
crucial distinction between “high” and “low” 
art — what die called “the Matthew Arnold idea 


with the declaration: “I am an American, Oriea- 
go-bom.” Not a Jew. An American. 

By and large, the 1960s were a comfortable 
decade for the New York inteOectuals. There 
was money to be had from publishers; thelarge- 
rirculation magazines mice disdained as middle- 
brow were now hospitable to high-brows. “For 
better or worse, most writers no longer accept 
alienation as die artist's fate in America,” the 
editors of Partisan Review announced in 1952, 
on the contrary, they want very much to be a 


The New York Review of Books. And the same ^scme eiBM^ social observa- 

holds true for essayists and oitics, wbo supply tion”^isiiearfy extinct. Instead of PhfljpRahv - 
tiie kind of mterpretivediscourretoatlilenctnre on poHticsin the novcls of Dostoevski or Irving , ^§ z . 
needs in order to thrive. 


Soaiu' to 
J&D.C 
BjueJi Ds 
ate ton* 
'drfSeptf: 

me! vaiie 2 

hSKW-SB 

Ibsson- 

Baited 
«iSP cn i 

k tei h 

bJckop 51 

ad Vaco Is 
.toag bj 
amines, b 
nifrticioL 
Norites Ne 
Ai Draft] 
bS S&iC&pu 1 
aecocins 
waiters." 
the ftm 
"Honiter. 
eqaaHy." siisr 
braad-fcjed 

IHEiihflOW! 

‘Noncydu 
ok a ai! 1 


HoWe do. Edith Wharton’s antipathy to Mod- * 
Thrown together in one crowded city, die gnasm^ professors rapwprc blish papers — toczte ; 


cuitnrati of the 1940s enjoyed a communaEtyof .®ia® Dcn t issue of Raritan Renew — entitled 


or. 


of culture” — MissSontag was undermining the part of American life." And by the 1960s, they 

Knmr awfllf wl Kl esS nn f** ” DrAfarrmv nlnff nn 


basic authority of criticism. “Notes on Camp,' 
her famous essay, “made tbe very idea of moral 
discrimination seem stale and distinctly un- 
chic," Mr. Kramer noted tartly in a recent 
review of the “Susan Somag Reader.” Miss 
Son tag’s heresy, i° other words, was to suggest 
that high culture was not the only culture wor- 
thy of appreciation. 

This supposition goes to the heart erf the 
difference between the heyday of Partisan Re- 


were. Professors, staff critics, novelists of na- 
tional eminence, they belonged. The New York 
intellectuals had been absorbed into the nation’s 
life. They had become a kind of establishment. 

Tbe New York intellectuals had a significant 
influence on our literary culture They promot- 
ed the great European Modernists; they pro- 
duced definitive essays on the poets and novd- 


listeztingtoibenrieflec^^ 

CoHesge last April, I kept wondering: Why are 
they here, -on this campus in the woods of 
upstate New York, instead of in Manhattan? ' 


The endless debates between various factions on the left 
about Stalinism versus Trotskyism, the role of inteUectoals 
in American life, the relationship between politics and art, 
have given way to acrimonious disputes between 
neoconservatives and a dwindling band of liberals. 


interests, if not of sensibilities. They even Kvod, Iff ”? 3 ™ c ^ ' l *?g iB 8. a ^ Unmeaning” 
by and large, in the same neighborhood. Writers -wrogoostan-aud Liteary Theory, 
hung out at the Minetta Tavern onMacdougal 
Street, painters at the Cedar Bar on University 
Place. “In the 1940s and 1950s, you’d walk 

through Washington Square and see everyone ... 

you knew,” recalls Aoatole Bioyard, now an The woritf has. changed. “N orman Podhoretz, 
editor of The New York Times Bock Review. Joseph Epstein” — editor of The American 
“Rahv, Barrett, Larry Rivers, Harold Rosen- Scholar — “and Hilton Kramer exert an infln- ; 
berg — an a nice day, they'd be out in force.” . euce the did. PJL crowd never dreamed of,” " 
Not any more Forced to compete for space Theodore Solotaroff told the half -empty audito- •" 

ssMttisssttssssr' 

the seriousness erf the intellectual enterprise afford Manhattan’s stupendous rents — those non; that they are now the dominant voice in 

writes and artists have scattered aU over the American intellectual life is not. The intdlectu- 

dty, dispersed to Brooklyn and Long Island als gathered in Saratoga Springs belonged to the" 

City, or across the Hudson River to Hoboken, left, as the titles of the various sessions m*/V . 
New Jersey. But the romance of strug^e is gone, dean “The New Feminist Intellectual” “Or- 
Poverty is out wefi’sOialknge,” “The InteDectual in the Post- 

“Tbe New York mteOectuals came out of an Colonial Worw.’’ Tlwl is why the conference ^ . 
immigrant generation,” notes Morris Didkstern 2 ras - so s P ai ®~y attended: The rtagn of Partisan - 

of Queens Cottle. “Whatever hardships tiny Rcvww ’ and of the politics it represented,- is 
endured were stul an improvement over what OVBr - - • TV 

titeir parents went through. It was no sacrifice 

for them tolivethewaytheydidBotour TVURING the Kennedy administration. ; 
generation grew up middle dass, and no one ‘ I ■mteUectuals with liberal tendenries beat 
who's grown up middle dass is eager to forsake a path to the White House. Two decades - 

those comforts for a cold-wate flat.” Or, as laler,it is thermit that eniovs theattenriontnf " ' * 
Leon Wiesdtier Wuntty puts if ‘There’s no those in power.Ust winte^foSjSdbS^ ■’ . 

was feted at & black-tie dinner m imniw 


fotellaie, 


***fc(ii 


us. 


to think he's the last one.” says Morris Dick- Marcus, a cultural critic and former contributor 
stein, a professor of En glish ai Queens College f° Rolling Stone. “It was the great unifying 
and author of a book on the 1960s, “Gates erf issue” — no matte which ride you were on. 
Eden.” The belief among intellectuals on the left thm 

And indeed, that type — radical Manhattan- a socialist revolution could happen in America, 
bound, oriented toward Marxism and European is gone from ihe little magazines. Radical theory 
literature — has left few heirs. A changing has been largely consigned to specialist jnrr mals 
economy, the political march to the right the lake Tek* and New German Critique, published 
assimilation of Jews into mainstream America, out of universities. Politics now is largely the 


the proliferation of universities, and a dty 
changed beyond recognition since the 1940s 
have rendered obsolete the sodahst-mmded ur- 
ban intellectuals depicted in Delmore 
Schwartz’s story. 


provenance of contributes to the neoconserva- 
tivejournals — whemi Leon Wieseltier, tbe liter- 
ary editor of The New Republic, calls “policy 
intellectuals." 


view and now. It never would have occurred to 
the old New York intellectuals to challe nge the 
distinction between high culture and mass cul- 
ture — Broadway theater, movies, best sellers, 
popular music. You could go to the movies, or 
even become a movie crioc like James Agee, 
Delmore Schwartz and Dwight Macdonald. 
But, with a few classic exceptions, you could not 
make any claims for them as an. Everything was 
judged by tbe same intransigent standard: It 
either was art or it was not Works that were 
popular but serious, which occupied the middle 
ground — what Macdonald termed “Midcult” 
-—posed a threat to the sanctity of high culture. 
“The danger,” Macdonald warned in his essay 
“Massed! and Midcult,” “is that the values of 
Midcult, instead of being transitional — ‘the 
price of progress' — may now themselves be- 
come a debased, permanent standard.” 

What unites the intellectuals of the older 
generation, both of the left and of the right, is 
their suspicion of popular culture Most intellec- 
tuals — or let us just say critics — of my 


united, in Lionel Trilling’s words, “the activity 
of politics . . . with (be imagination under the 
aspect of mind." 

It was that intensity, that sense of high pur- 
pose, that fascinated me when I pored over back 
issues of the magazine. Fra all their squabbling 
and cultural parochialism, the contributors to 
the old Partisan Review had a conviction about 
the importance of hterature that transcended 

priesdyhf their approach to ^wks^T^ey saw 
themsoves as inheritors of a tradition, devoted 
to the canon of high culture — not only their 


g)ory in being brilliant but broke.” was feted at a black-tie dmnerin hcraorof his 

It is symptomatic of our times that The New 25th aimivwsaiy as editor of Commentary. It 
York Review of Books has been sold to a J™* attended by Secretary erf State Geoige P. 
wealthy publishing family in Mississippi for Swltz, Henry A. Kissinger, Mayor Edward ! 
more than $5 mfllion, making the ariginil raves- Koch, of New York and several hundred other 
tots — Elizabeth Hardwick; Mr. Silvers; his co- notable*. President Ronald Reagan seat a amr 
editor Barbara Epstein; Random House?* edi- graidatey message, 
ttff-in-drief, Jason JEpsiein, and its publisher, A. Yet. the neocons«vativ« 

Whitney Ellsworth —millionaires. (Mr. Elb- 

worth already was cam.) And The New Yorker is are — no t h?the ™nrM in* m ® r ? B3r 
now m the hands of SJ-Newhouse, owner erf the inteDeSa^Srealwavsb^Jl^^^^Si 58 
Condfe Nast empire, who in May paid J 163 


empire, who in May paid SI 63 
million for the magazine. Serums periodicals, 
once a high-risk veatnre, have became a good 
investment. 


owaderabk mflnence. What is at issue W is 


How does a free-lance intellectual a 
tiring today? By writing for general-interest 
magazines and newspapers. This is notiungnew. 
Irving Howe was a book reviewer for Time; 
Alfred Kazin was a staff writer; James Agee 


prcrfnastao, an elite Fra fb?oId^fc£ 

■£SSBft»a! =gfe 

easKss saSS^ 

if ** TA f- ! •_ — ■ •« - • 


own culture, but the culture reflected m English reviewed films. But to work for the mriormofia to see the vocation 

poetry, in the Russian novel, m French political used to be considered mildiy suspect; now it is a dream of erne’s youth in dan opt ' • iSriJfoai 

theory. Partisan Review, wrote the crrtic Leslie resjectable occuoation. The role of »r_ bitter thine jL 


theory. Partisan Review, wrote the critic Leslie 
Fiedler, “was born of a marriage of Greenwich 
MBage and Marxism — or more properly, from 
the attempt to woo the disaffected, rootless 
American, who wandered into New York in 
search erf cultural freedom, from bohemianism 

to radicalism." 


“Without jobs and without prospects, the that they have disciples. The youthful contriba- 
young were not chained immediately to the tots to Hilton Kramer’s magsrin,. — Brace 
wheel of career and profession," wrote William Bawer, Mimi Kramer, Roger Kimball —arc in 
Barrett, a Partisan Review editor, in “TheTtu- their 20s, but they munagt* to sound Eke the 
ants," recalling the enforced leisure usbered_ in imperious British critic F.R. Leavis. Their arti- 


generation are not interested in the difference 
So 1 mfluential are the neoconsemtives today between Stravinsky and Talking Heads, Von 

Stroheim and Brian De Pahna. (The New Crite- 
rion gang is a notable exception.) 

The rock critic Robert Chrfetgro writes in 
The Village Voice on the Marxist critic Kay- 

. L _ „ ... moad Wilikms; Leon Wieseltier writes in Vani- 

by the Depression. Greaiwich Village was foil cks are fall of lofty pronouncements about ty Fair on tbe rock phenomenon Prince; Mark 
of Lufimmschen — literally “air men — with- “moral values,” “the crisis in the humanities,” Crispin Milter, an assistant professor of tbe 
out visible means of support. The cafeteria was “the sig n i fi cance of art.” Thar mission is to writing c wnm a r c at Johns Hopkins University, 
their salon, the park bench their seminar room, defend Ajmerican culture against shoddy mer- — v - j - n ~ i — 

To read and talk all day was considered a chandtee, and they do not shirk from the task; 
respectable profession. recent issues have carried stern indictments of 

Intellectuals have always composed an adver- John Hawkes, Raymond Carver, Robert Bras* 


liLL, it is easy ro oe nostalgic aoout a «« wu u» ubuj cuimrai pages eaatement <rf Etemru . 

past one never knew. The Uterary-minded P^aa^rt^iaNewYorkinteflectuiat dS-foed^ 
of my ^roation law created their own ^ ^c J^^ wntOT irablidied in krge^ircula- Walker in the Gty,” 


writes cm B vis Presley in The New York Rewew 
erf Books. Greil Marcus is at work on a book 
about Dada, punk rock and “some very obscure 
French cultural revolutionaries, with a few me- 


TILL, it is easy to b^nostalgic about a 

New York. Tbe bats of Soho and the East 
Village are crowded with writers; the little mag- 
azines are fat with stories; a monthly poetry 
calendar lists enough readings to fill a poster- 
sized page. Browsing among the periodicals in 
my local bookshop. I never have any trouble 
finding articulate, engaging essays by writes in 
their 30s and 40s — and even a few in their 20s 
— for whom literature is a serious vocation. 
Culture, despite the obsequies of the old Parti- 


respectable occupation. The role of cultural ar- hitter flung indeed. 

zincs and by The N^rYmk Tunes. Special a- 

wholars and free-lance journalists appear ride ‘ 

by side in Tte Times's BoJ Review as a matte last cbtfSd 

of coarse. The coverage of colmral ewots and our own dav It tia PhilistmisiB of , 

issues featured on The Tmies's Op-Ed page, in literature matterwl ** ■ 

its magazine and on the dafly cultural pages H does now. Tlw 


lion magarines fra the exposure; now, they 
make a living at it, and appear in tbe little 
magarines to confirm their lntdtectaal creden- 
tials. Literary journalism has become a profes- 
sion in itself. 


Public Tib™*, X- -■~*~ m &iwnrowHsvwe „ • 

» anaifi^' evening and - - 
Trcn^ jnfiont the shdves”fc^£ • 
^ronce Ukdy to End it, 
o^of my generation. 3 ' 


rnTu!? ^ ^yoowant to be when , 
ffii^bqyra yotmg Non^ 


And yet the mteilectual vocation — at feast as 
I imagined it — is largely obsolete, an archaic 
pwSra; the intdfectnal has gone the way of 
die cobbler and the Smithy. “Hi^browisn is a V “a HteSra oitie. w 
form of Pfaflistimsm,” says Robert Christgau, He wonWWay that 


now. 




1 








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of the investment policy com- 
' nnttee at Paine Webber 
Jkwefore, he recommends an 
"eclectic? approach to invesi- 
m^ ldectmg “cheap” stocks 
Erom a variety of market sec- 
tors, induding a group he likes 
on a valuation basis tech- 

nology ;— to one he doesn’t — ■ 
drugs. 


'Hie liquidity 
pumped into the 
system by the 
Fed may help. 


hi 

■-—t-iiSS . 
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-• v«.j uaii voir, mis weCK UK nrm 

Sv^S i «ifJS»2L ncw Flft y” stocks that he thinks 

investors- should begin acc umulating They are: 

Advanced Micro Devices, American Express] American Inter- 
Ma^l Grgup. ATOrt, Black & DccteTSifflol-MTOa. Brown- 
mg-Fenis, Capital Cities Communication, Charming Shoppes, 
Ciartw Medial, Church & Dwight, Qticoip, Community fty- 
duatoc Centers, Odlmet Software, Digital Equipment, Diooex. 
Dow Jones, Dun & Brads treet, Federal Express, Fust Boston, 
Gannett, Genentech, General Electric, General Re, and daxa 

recomme n ded are HJ. Heinz, Humana, Hybritech, 

■ f\ ®M,_King World Productions, Management Sdenoe 
i±J*“ America, Maxicare Health Plans, McDonald’s, McGraw- 
IBD, Motorola, Ogilvy Group, Pfizer, Phibro- Sa lomon, Prime 
Computer, Ralston Purina, Saatchi & Saatdri, Southwest Air- 

■ hues, Squibb, Ta ndem Computers, Time, Times Mirror, Toys R 
Us, Upjohn, Wal-Mart and Zayre. 

Most market observers blame the fact that Wall Street has been 
treading water on the outlook for the U.S. economy. Some spot 
rapids ah e ad , but most expect dear sailing soon of the 

liquidity being pumped into the system by the Federal Reserve. 

John D. Connolly, co- chair man of the investment policy com- 
mittee at Dean Witter, sees “marginally better" economic news 
on the horizon this month, with confirmation coming toward the 
end of September from the third-quarter gross national product 
“flash report” that business is strengthening. GNP measures the 
total value of a nation's goods and services, including income 
from foreign investments. 

Therefore, “portfolios should be positioned now before the 
trend becomes visible to all,” Mr. Connolly said. “That mean* 
overweighting in stocks at the expense of bends and emphasizing 
basic industry and capital goods-tedumiogy issues.” 

In fact, he finds Wall Street’s “biggest promise” in high- 
technology stocks, namely IBM, Prime Computer, Avnct, AMP 
and Veeco Instruments. ~ 

Among basic-industry issues, notably chemical and paper 
companies, he hi ghligh ted Imperial Chemical Industries, Mor- 
ton-Thiokol, Pali and Nako, aJong with Unian Camp and Great 
NdrdieinNdcposa.^ '' --*' - - - ^ - - 

At Drexel Burnham, a buoyant economy later on is likewise the 
key assumption keeping optimism towards stocks afloat '-‘TTiere 
are no signs of great strength, but the economy is no longer 
weakening,*' said Abby Joseph Cohen, investment strategist at 
the firm. 

“However, this rising tide is not expected to lift all ships 
equally,” she added, warning that it would be a mistake to make 
broad-based investments in the “latcr-in-the-cydc” stocks that 
usually do well in such an economic environment 

“Noncydical factors — -unprecedented budget and trade defi- 
cits, a still strong dollar, low' global infl a ti on, excess global 
(Continued on Page- 17, CoL 7) 

Currency Rales 


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Source: Reuters. 


BUSINESS/ FINANCE 


U.S. Stocks 
Report, Page 12 

Page 11 


Unclear Economic Outlook 
Makes Market Tread Water 

By EDWARD BOHRBACH 

Vw**ARIS _ -n!Z t T U T >J HeraU Tnbun * 

/'1J drowned in a strtamwithS? aboat a statistician who 

time hirii in July and %SS1L Y ? ^ D ? w average hit an all- 

dmingw:oplectS I ^taS^ 1 plj??lEi^ " a “““P 1 “4 it>s 

of faiSSr^™ 4 Edwaid M. KmctaSTchainnan 


German 
Economy 
Picks Up 

New Orders Up; 
Joblessness Dips 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dupatche* 

FRANKFURT — The West 
German economy continues to 
grow at a healthy pace despite a 
naggjng unemployment problem, 
according to figures released 
Wednesday. 

The Economics Ministry said 
that orders to the nation’s manu- 
facturing industry rose a seasonally 
and price-adjusted 4.5 percent in 
July from June, with domestic or- 
ders expanding 5 percent and for- 
eign orders growing 15 percent. 

Separately, the Federal Labor 
Office said that the nation’s unem- 
ployment rate dipped only slightly, 
to 8.9 percent in August from 9 
percent in July, 

The labor agency said the num- 
ber of unemployed in West Germa- 
ny fell to 1217 millio n last month 
from 2221 millio n in July. The Au- 
gust total, up from million 
jobless in August 1984, was the 
highest August total in West Ger- 
many’s history. 

Earlier tins week, the govern- 
ment announced (hat the nation’s 
cost of living fell OJ percent in 
August and was up only 2.1 percent 
from August 1984, wfafle seasonally 
adjusted industrial production rose 
2 percent in July from a revised 1 J 
percent rise in June: 

Meanwhile, the DIW Economic 
Research institute said Wednesday 
that West German exports are like- 
ly to remain strong in coming 
months despite the recent strength- 
ening of the Deutsche marlr against 
the dollar and other currencies, es- 
pecially the lira. 

It repeated earlier predictions 
that exports would expand by an 
average 9 percent over the full year, 
largely unchanged from 1984. 

It noted that the rate of U.S. 
economic growth, rather than the 
mark’ s 15-percent gain in value 
against the dollar since early 1985, 
would be the derisive factor in de- 
termining the level of West Go^ 
man exports to the UJ3. market 
(AP, Reuters) 


Making the Assembly Line Humane 


New Technology 
Causes Changes 
In Production 

By John Holusha 

Sew York Tima Service 

DETROIT — When Henry 
Ford perfected the continuously 
moving assembly line around the 
turn of the century, he made 
mass production and a consumer 
society possible at the price of 
forcing factory workers to keep 
pace with machines. 

Now — compelled by increas- 
ing competition from abroad 
ana concerned about outcries 
over Amoican quality — major 
U.S. manufacturers are begin- 
ning to abandon (his cornerstone 
of the industrial economy. 

Workos today are being re- 
trained to handle the more 
thoughtful and complicated op- 
erations of the new manufactur- 
ing process. They are now per- 
mitted to stop what was once the 
unrelenting moving of parts in 
order to make sure that quality is 
maintained, and they are switch- 
ing tasks among team members 
to alleviate the boredom of repe- 
tition. Robots, instead, are doing 
the types of tedious and unpleas- 
ant chores that Henry Ford’s 
workers once sweated over. 

All this flhanp* is taking place 
in the pursuit of profit and man- 
ufacturing efficiency. Bui one 
unmistakable result is an in- 
creasing P c SBll1t on the ty rann y 
of the assembly line. 

In effect, manufacturers are 
tearing it down and are fashion- 
ing in its place a production sys- 
tem that is more automated and 
more humane and likely to be- 
come the new norm for Ameri- 
can mass production. 

One visionary project, the 
General Motors Corp. Saturn 
plant to be built in Spring HIE. 
Tennessee, plans to do away al- 
most entirely with the tradition- 
al, back-breaking assembly line: 

These experiments “are turn- 
ing the log^c of the industrial 
revolution on its bead” said 
Richard Walton, a professor at 
the Harvard Business School. 
“Thai taught that jobs should be 
fragmented and de-s killed and 
that mental functions, like plan- 




Farm Lender 
In U.S. to Seek 
Federal Bailout 





ning, should be separated from 
physical work. Now, after six de- 
cades. we are unraveling that log- 
ic.” 

These new be ginning * are con- 
centrated in industries that pro- 
duce complex products in vast 
numbers, such as cars and appli- 
ances. 

Such industries have always 
been the core of American mass 
production, and the demands of 
iheir assembly lines have, for de- 
cades, been responsible for the 
resentments and bitterness 
known as the ”blue-collar 
blues.” More recently, the fad- 
ings of the system have been 
blamed for the production of 
goods that appear shoddy com- 
pared with imports. 

“We overdid the old principle 
that work should be broken 
down into the smallest opera- 
tions on the baas that the work- 
ers are stupid,” said Donald F. 
Ephlin, the vice president of the 
United Automobile Workers 
who negotiated the Saturn agree- 


Canadian Bank Failures Minimized 


TORONTO — The collapse of 
two banks in Alberta last weekend, 
the first bank failures in this coun- 
try since 1923, followed well publi- 
cized loan problems and should not 
have any significant impact on the 
12 remaining domestic banks, ana- 
lysts said Wednesday. 

The federal government’s deri- 
sion to end support for Canadian 
Commercial Bank and Nor thland 
Bank would save as a needed sig- 
nal that banks with questionable 
leodingpractices would not receive 

nnwnirfitinnal mcielanrg, the ana- 
lysts said. 

“A lot of people are going to be 
very positive on the fact we’ve fi- 
nally destroyed the myth that a 
Canadian bank can’t fan no matter 
how it operates,” said Hugh 
Brown, banking analyst at Borns 
Fry Ltd here. 

Analysts blamed the fate of both 
banks mi their slow recognition of 
bad loans and their large exposure 
to the real estate and energy indus- 
tries. which have been severely af- 
fected by recession. 

Ihe collapse of Canadian Com- 
merrial, of Edmonton, the coun- 
try’s 10th largest bank, with assets 


of 27 billion dollars (51.97 billion), 
came after a 255-million-dollar in- 
fusion of funds from the federal 
and provincial governments and 
the six largest Canadian banks last 
March. In addition, the Bank of 
Canada, the central bank, provided 
13 billion dollars of liquidity sup- 
port. 

Several large commercial banks 
had opposed the government's as- 
sistance for Canadian Commercial 
Erom the start, and were known to 
have participated in die initial sup- 
port package reluctantly. 

Richard Thomson, Aairman of 
die Toronto Dominion Bank, said 
at the time that Canadian Com- 
mercial should have been allowed 
to fail to teach its investors and 
depositors a lesson. 

After Northland Bank, based in 
Calgary and the 11th largest bank, 
with assets of 1.4 bQhoa dollars, 
had accumulated 500 million dol- 
lars in advances from the Bank of 
Canada, the inspector general of 
banks finally advised the govern- 
ment that neither bank was viable. 

“There hasn’t been any great 
shock because these two institu- 
tions had wdl rumored problems 
and were kind of unique in the 


degree of problems they had,” Mr. 
Brown said. 

The Canadian dollar fell in some 
foreign markets on the North 
American Labor Day holiday 
Monday, the day after the govern- 
ment announcement, bnt recovered 
Tuesday in most markets as traders 
seemed to come to believe that the 
problems were limited to the two 
banks. 

The Canadian Bankers Associa- 
tion said that there was no need for 
public concern about the safety of 
Other hanltS- 

Kersi Doodha, analyst at Leves- 
que Bcaubien Iixx, said other banks 
have escaped the same problems by 
better loan diversification ana 
prompt attention to problem loans. 

Mr. Doodha said be expected 
that Canadian banks on the whole 
would report a modest 10 to 12 
percent average increase in earn- 
ings for this fiscal year, ending Oct 
31, with profit growth continuing 
to be restricted by problem loans. 

Mary LessHe, analyst at Nesbitt 
Thomson Borigard Intx, in Toron- 
to, estimated that nonperfonning 
loans of the six biggest banks cur- 
reotiy total about 8.5 billion dol- 
lars. 


Kilt i lliiu . , — rnniirrir/nr - BreK" Cummertdote / Bifl a w UABunit Ctmmfcot 

BAH (Wnte, riyaL dtrpom). Other t*da tram Reuters andAP. 


Hutton Employees Face Discipline 


By Nathaniel C Nash 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — About “a 
dozen” employees of E_F. Hutton 
& Co. will face disciplinary action 
by the firm for engaging in exces- 
sive bank overdraftmg activities, 
according to its chairman, Robert 
M. Fcanon. 

Mr. Fomon’s remarks to em- 
ployees Tuesday were a preview of 
finding* that are to be mode public 
on Thursday when Griffin B. Beil, 
a framer U.S. attorney general, re- 
leases a report on his three-month 
investigation of the overdraftmg 
from 1980 to 1982 that temporarily 
allowed the company to obtain in- 
terest-free use of million of dollars 
in bank funds. 

Mr. Bdl undotook the investiga- 
tion at (he request of the company 
after a settlement with the Justice 
Department in which Hutton 
pleaded guilty to 2,000 counts of 
mail and wire fraud. Mr. BeQ wfl! 
aim be recommending disciplinary 
action fra Hutton to take against 
certain employees. 

Without identifying the employ- 
ees to be cited in the Bdl report, 
Mr. Fomon said that the actuals 
Hutton would take against them 
would range Erom “censure, to 
fines, to suspension, to reassign- 
ment, to tenDmation.” 

*T suspect that among many of 
you a desire for a full accounting is 
somewhat offset by the fear of a 
massive purge; the facts do not 
warrant that fear,” he told Hutton 
employees in the talk, winch was 
broadcast to all of the firm’s of- 
fices, “The number of individuals 
who will in some manner be ad- 



Robert Fomon 

versdy affected is more like a doz- 
en than dozens.” 

Mr. Fomon also said that the 
Bdl report would “direct some 
share of the responability to senior 
management” for the ovenlrafling 
scheme to whidi Hutton pleaded 
guilty on the 2,000 felony counts in 
early May and for which the com- 
pany paid fines of 5275 milli on. 
That left open the posability that 
some individuals in senior manage- 
ment could be narrwrt in the report 
as deserving disciplinary action. 

Although the firm ptaded guilty 
the government did not prosecute 
any Hutton nffirial* 

Mr. Fomon said Ik had not seen 
a draft of the Bdl report but Mr. 
Bdl had briefed him on man y of his- 
findings and would present a final 
version of the report to the chair- 
man and the audit committee of the 
board of directors Wednesday. Mr. 


Fomon said Mr. Bdl had already | 
disclosed the identity of those in- 
volved to the Hutton board and I 
that Hutton had begun “our own I 
internal consultations with tbe af- 
fected individuals.” 

The Hutton chairman said his 
purpose in delivering his talk Tues- 
day was to outline the cot tents of 
the Bell report and to prepare Hut- 
ton employees for the public airing ! 
of its internal corporate troubles. | 
In mid-May, the Hutton directors 
hired Mr. Bell to conduct the inter- 
nal investigation of the overdraft- 
ing yiiemfe The forma attorney 
genera] in the Carta administra- 
tion, working with a team of 14 
lawyos, has interviewed more than 
300 Hutton employees and the 60 
banks affected. . 

The report will also identify spe- 
cific branches that engaged in “ex- 
cessive aggressive practices,” Mr. 
Fomon said, adding that Mr. Bell 
found that only one-quarter of the 
branches were involved. 

The chairman added, however, 
that Mr. Bell would explain that 
the personnel involved “generally 
did not believe they were violating 
other company policy or the law. 

- “There were failures of judg- 
ment But he’s saying that nobody 
intended to break the law,” he said. 

The speech came less than a 
week after The Wall Street Journal 
said Mr. Bdl had concluded that 
Mr. Fomon and other top Hutton 
officials had failed to install ade- 
quate systems to detea or prevent 
the overdrafting scheme. Bdl in 
response to the report, said that 
Tbe Journals account was “inaccu- 
rate and unfounded.” 




Th* Nm YorV Tm 

meat for the union. “Thank 
goodness, we are b eginnin g to 
reverse that” 

To a large extent, the driving 
force b ehin d these new tech- 
niques for managing factory 
workers has been new technol- 
ogy. As they install robots and 
Otha automated machiner y to 
cut costs and improve quality, 
man y major manufacturers arc 
findmgthat tbe sophisticated 
machines are perfect for specific 
tasks but not adaptable to otha 
production operations. 

So assembly lines are bring 
reoriented to accommodate a 
combination of the robot and 
worker. And in the process of 
making factories more suitable 
for automation, they are becom- 
ing more pleasant for the people 
who remain. 

“We are at a major turning 
point in mass production.” said 
Harty Shaikcn. a labor and pro- 
duction technology specialist at 
the Massachusetts Institute of 
(Continued on Page 17, CoL 5) 


The Associated Pres* 

WASHINGTON — The gover- 
nor of the largest farm-lending sys- 
tem in tbe United States, in a dra- 
matic turnaround, said Wednesday 
that the system will be forced to 
seek federal help to rescue it from a 
badly slipping financial position. 

Directors of the quasi-govern- 

mental agency, the Farm Credit 

A dminis tration, met Wednesday to 
decide what steps to take to remafy 
tbe serious f inancial crunch, in- 
cluding what form of government 
assistance to seek, spokesmen said. 

Donald Wilkinson, governor of 
the S74-binion lending system, has 
been insisting fra months that the 
problems of the 37 Farm Credit 
banks were manageable and could 
be addressed by simply shifting 
funds, increasing interest rates to 
borrowers and streamlining opera- 
tions. 

But recent projections of bumper 

S i this year, which wQl Hluety 
a depress farm prices, and of 
a general worsening of the system’s 
short-term loan portfolio, have 
changed that outlook, system offi- 
cials said. 

“We’ve come to realize that tbe 
deterioration in agriculture has 
grown beyond the ability of the 
Farm Credit System to handle it,” 
Mr. Wilkinson told the Wall Street 
Journal “We cannot absorb tbe 
losses we face.” 

Tbe derision to seek outside help 
was made aftra projections that the 
U.S. farm economy would not 
worsen significantly proved overly 
optimistic, said a system spokes- 
man, Roger Strombog. “It is a dra- 
matic change, based ot new infor- 
mation and new projections,” he 
said. 

He said the system still can han- 
dle its problems for the immediate 
future, but worsening commodity 
prices and export projections indi- 
cate that an infusion of cash will be 
necessary 18 to 24 months from 
now. 

That could come in the form of 
direct help from the Federal Re- 
save System or from a new entity, 
either government-sponsored or 
private; that would boy up problem 


loans from Farm Credit and from 
otha farm lenders. 

System administrators also 
would like to see Congress build in 
strong income-support provisions 
fra fanners in a new long-term 
farm bill now on the drawing 
boards. 

U.S. farmers owe some S212 bil- 
lion, and the Farm Credit System is 
the largest single bolder of farm 
debt, with S74 billion in loans out- 
standing. 

It lends money through regional 
banks fra mortgages, called Feder- 
al Land Banks, and for operating 
expenses, intermediate Credit 
Banks, which disburse money 
through local Production Credit 
Associations, as well as to farm 
cooperatives. 

Private lenders, the Farmers 
Home Administration and otha fi- 
nancial institutions and individ uals 
hold the balance of the debt. 

The system was established dur- 
ing the period 1916 to 1933, in 
response to conditions that made 
money fra agriculture difficult to 
get. Because it deals exclusively in 
farm loans, the system has taken a 
heavy blow from the current down- 
turn in tbe agricultural economy, 
the worst since the system was es- 
tablished. 

That downturn has been pro- 


pelled by rapidly declining values 
for farmland, loss of overseas mar- 
kets fra U.S. commodities and de- 
pressed crop prices. 

The system suffered loan losses 
of $428 million last year, the great- 
est in its history. Eleven credit asso- 
ciations have been liquidated ova 
the last two yean. 

Bailouts have been approved fra 
district banks in Spokane, Wash- 
ington, and Omaha, Nebraska. 

In Iowa, a spokesman for the 
state Farm Bureau, Gene Maabs, 
tainted the actions, saying, T think 
it’s something the people in Iowa 
have been recognizing for quite a 
while.” 

But he said the news was hardly 
gpod for farmers. 

“It’s discouraging that it’s appar- 
ently as serious as it appears,* he 
said 


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Andrew Peek Does. 


A SAMPLE OF OUR VERY LOW COMMISSION RATES 


500 shares of any price stock $ 80 

1.000 shares 110 

5.000 shares - 300 

10,000 shares 450 

20 options @ 1/2 53 

50 options @3 180 


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decisions, Andrew Peck Associates will charge you much less in 
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Our London office gives you the convenience of a U.S. discount 
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ASSOCIATES, INC. 7 1 V 

39 Bedford Square, London WC1 B 3 EG, England (01) 580-10% Telex: 8812130 (MCLEIS G) 
32 Broadway. New York. WY. 10004 (212)3fe3-3770 Telex: 4Z9097 (STOCKS) 
Licensed dealer in securities. 

□ Please send me your SIMPLIFIED TRADING brochure. 

Name 

Add ressL_ 

Country IF 7 

— —4— — — — — 

MEMBERS NASD. SIPC. SIA 









INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


NYSE Most Actives 


Dow Jones Bond Averages 


Bonds 

unrnias 

Industrial* 


Dow Jones Averages 


Ln*» urn imia vhrji ljawa— 2x? 

Trans msi WjU 676X5 679X6 — 6X0 

urn i5v.il hub isms' otxs + oji 

Comn 551-33 SS4D7 54*48 S0X4 — 2D4 


NYSE Index 


PU Hl CW Jodn 

n» LOW Owe IP/*. 
Composite i».17 lD&dS UM1 IK S 

Industrials W4X* 124X1 04X7 12420 

T ramp . IflUl 106-177 IBM HJ7X1 

UlUlte S7J53 57J5 S7X9 S7AB 

Ftah? 113X7 11130 11130 11177 


NYSE Diaries 


Odd-Lot Trading in N. 


Boy sales 

1488*5 OUfO 

licur 39Z2T6 

ISSSSS 


■Included la die sola fleuras 


WMiesdaii 

\\SE 

Closing 


VoUMPM 71MM 

p1w.3pjd.yoL — - tsmm 

ftwmmnWuLid dose itusua 


Tables include me nattonwWe prices 
up to ttM closing on Wall Street ami' 
do not reflect late trades elsewhere. 
Via The Associated fans 


AMEX Diaries 


NASDAQ Index 


rtftgx Most Actlya 


Composite 

Industrials 

Finnic* 

Insurance 

utimiH 

Bank* 

mmp. 


2HJ» 3$5£B *021 
30224 3KJD *65 7 

— 381X5 381X0 

_ 3*5-21 347.W 

_ 272X4 290X2 

_ r»M J9f.ll 

— 275X4 27*8* 


Standard & Poor’s Index 


AMEX Sales 


rn dip Today 

hmi law aw »pjh. 

industrials 2DMV gm.« 20MJ7 

£§ Mjl MJP KXB 

S. M M 


AMEX Stock Index . 


3PJM. vokmw 
Prav. 3 PJW- wohwn* 
pm.Gara.vahmw 


PfWrtOM* 

HU 

Z3SJ7 233.16 


Cinsa . 3P-* 

ma 332X1 


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7 A 10 
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M 27 11 
JO 44 m 
a uii 
DO U 

23 

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E1JS 111 
171 U t 
X0bZ7 15 
1*0 <4 B 
4X4 104 
107 
-57*71.4 

12 

8 


190 45 > 
293 94 
1X0 IX IS 
86 38 14 
44 25 14 
ZV0 5j0 II 
2X0 1TX 
1173 122 
Z2D 109 
2X1* 92 

149 

190 14 14 
92 39 23 
2-2401 D2 9 
120 11 U 
i xa vo is 

IP 13 I 


22 12 304 

ZX 11 157 

s a 

Ll 43 
19 440* 


Stocks Lower in Light Trading 


Untied Pros International grata Aug g, and tTSdCTS Slid it WOOld be bard 

NEW YORK — The stock market was lower to mount a rally until activity picks op. 
late Wednesday in light trading. The Dow Jones There's a lol of uncertainty about where the 

industrial average was down 4.14 to lJ525.04an market is headed,” said Eldon Grimm of Birr 
hour before the close. Wflson & Co. “Everyone is just waiting lo scc 

Declines led advances by a 9-5 ratio among what happens." 
the 1347 issues crossing the NYSE tape and t nytfoitinnal investors have not been aggres- 

; ave, he noted. “The market will just have to 

Ahkougfi prices in tables on these pages are from prove itself." 


the 4 PM dose in New York, for time reasons, *rhe marfa* is suffering with its common |S&.^ 4 xoS 1 iS 

this article is based on the market a 9 r-M. L bngaboos," said Eugene Peroni Jr. cf Bateman {* e™ » 

; “ Ecfaler, H31 Richards in Los Angdes. i«% i» b*«g zansj 

volume a m o unt ed to about 71.2 minion shares, «Tb ere jg rpnfndmi nver the economy, pnar- » 19% iautxs fcfi 3 x 17 
compared with 66 million in the same period mimy about what the Federal Reserve will be 22* 12% eX** 221 109 
Tuesday- doing and investors are also waiting to see what fj* ^ 'iif u ’I 

Prices were- lower m moderate trading Of Congress wfll do when it returns to fuD session iSS 2. H 12 

Amencan Stock Exchange issues. next week," be said. gw w* es*«c xou 27 14 

Brokers said the stock market continues to The Conference Board said consumer confi- JP i5S igT £ i 5 u 

mffer from the lack of conviction it showed denadppedto August? refie^^umeo 1 “f ,J> 

confused about the UA economy. Eomlirions. ^ '* * 

Some analysts see the economy improving ^ ***** ^ “ 9 

within the next few months, but recent econcnDDh We^ngbo^Elecmcwasnearthe topof the 


vdume amounted to abont 71 2 mxllira shares. 


7* Month 5b. dew 

WLw Sbefc Pft.YH.PE WaHIULiM Oogch 1 ** 

TfW 2UA EPGflpf US 99 MUMkMI 
274* EPGpf 393 115 « 27W 274* 

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12 aw Eleor M 4.1 a n lit N 

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16 111* HhUn 20 55 13 IB 144* UM 141*— 1* 

TZft S* Etsctnt U Vh Vh 3V. 

7B16 454* EmraEI IN 39 U S90 71M704671 — 4k 

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20** 15Mj EmryA 20 22 13 441 15V, 17H 1746— 16 

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SV* 154* empOs 196 83 7 77 2116 21 211* + V* 

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Yl EnEXC 3T7 Vk 

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20 114* eraaBua J6 19 T3 n m TM OH 

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9 745 134* 1316 Ut* 


U4* 7016 ErtxnrV JO 2-5 73 1 51 724* 119* 724*— 1* 


American Stock Exchange issues. 

Brokers said the stock market continues to 
suffer from the lack of conviction it showed 
daring August, indicating that investors remain 
confused about the U5. economy. 

Some analysts see the economy improving 
within the next few months, but recent econom- 


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IS 17 164* 164* 


3X0 4X 9 5015 5216 519* 5196—16 


ic reports have been mixed, casting doubt cm act * ve ^ ^ ^ slightly. 


voseprq 

In the n 


Oak Industries was up a bit in active trading. 


time has failed to exceed 100 rnfflion shares Travelers Corp. was off modestly. 


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217 

: 45 44% 

40% 48% 
32% 32% 
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33V6 32 
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221* 1441 
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179* 13% 
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6746 5DW 


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4W4 5% 5% 54* + 16 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


Page 13 


New U.S. Corporate Culture Is Threatening Jobs of Middle Managers 

By Michael Schrage line. The second is ihat it's become denim & Co, the accountants, en- very least, gives them a chance to heads in their shops by specific AT&T Information Systems, the were five in 

and Warren Brown ; — DCCOrae H®*® * Mr v« u»n „,,,«*«« Th» fc nallv eonmanv’s canrouter and telecom- missions to deal with the employ- 

, ^oahingfon Post Service 


Jwr Schra S e line. The second is that it's become dersen & Co, the accountants, en- 

and Warren Brown tncreaangly dear that if they reor- titled “Cars and Competition." 

Washington Post Service g amra . they can push middle-man- “The redaction will affect blue- 

WASHINGTON — American a 8 ement functions lower down into collar and white-collar workers," 
Telephone & Telegraph Co an- force and save agood deal said Peter C. Van Hull, director of 

“ounces layoffs of 24,000 employ- ** “ouey- the Arthur Andersen automotive- 

ees at its Information Systems “I think companies are going to industry consulting activities, 
group, and nearly one- third of that continue to seek to reduce me num- “Most of that white-collar reduo- 
number win be management. her (rf employees they have and I t*o° come out erf the ranks o£ 
• Ford Motor Co. says t h at it is don't think we've w ai the end of middle manag e m ent and out of the 


leavCKIdbCllUiY, mi, tou nuu boiu. uurnuvi^ ptwautv w wv "r' — / “ r — „ • _ . . . „ i „ 

“Ford is facing the issue. It’s on." murucations equipment arm that, mat situation, stressed a more 

better to do it that way than it is to The capital-intensive, labor-in- confirmed that. The group said that subue but important Iff mt. 

wait until it's too late, and then tensive and ultra-competitive auto- it would lay off over 24,000 cm- “Now that we lmveiheopportu- 
have to quickly reduce employment mobile industry is just the most ployeesduring the next axjnonths nity i to reorganize. n ^y(m ^really 

because of a loss of market share,” obvious and dramatic example of — the largest angle layoff m the need X levels of management 


her of employees they ha 
don't think we’ve see n tfa 
this.” 

The pressure on middle 


the trend. The high-technology in- 


mrat^b by 9,000 during the noct The pressure on middle mam 

• ina<t »- mem is further intensified by 

Co ^ ‘ a s| u | *u Kodak mergers and acquisition bi: 

J^^sredu^itsworidwidework sweeping across the Fortune 
*??? J2F' S0 9 uu'P^ees to landscape. When one comp 


clerical staffs/’ ny s willingness to slice middle- nave aiso mmmea ineu wmic-coi- 

The reason? “Many times, the managem ent ranks that had once lar rolls in the face erf recession, 
miHrii e- upnapemen t and clerical enjoyed relative immunity to lay- competition and the reality that the 
groups are involved in work that offs. value added did not compensate 

doesn't add value to the product. At General Motors, the world’s for the cost. 

Thev tend to become self-perpetu- largest car company, there have “While it would be inappropn- 

. * . v - ■ - * - — . L— _ Kwr Wall «atA cmnlA Ant mirMIfi manaoh 


Mr. Van Hull said. the trend. The high-technology in- history of AT&T, a company that low yon? How can we 

Although Ford’s cuts are across dustries — notably computer and toe* pride in bolding onto its work the span of control ana Mp level 
the boardTthey reflea the compa- telecommunications companies — force come what may. reporting in the organization, ne 

nv's willingness to slice middle- have also trimmed their white-col- “There’s no question that were asked. . 

managemem ranks that had once lar rolls in the face of recession, emphasizing cost reduction m our Caught between a d«ire to cen- 
enioyed relative immunity to lay- competition and the reality that the staff area to unprove our profitabil- trahze poli cy and decentrameau- 
Sfs reiauve , Y , vajuTadded did not compensate ity," said Uwrence S. Contemn, thonty. the company is facing enn- 

At General Motors. the world’s for the cost AT&T’s _ director of human-re- cal questions _ofjusi 


Yitzhak Modal 

hcaeU Says Steps 
To Aid Economy 
Are Working 

. The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Israel’s fi- 
nance minister, Yitzhak Modad, 
has said that inflation should 
fall dra m ati c ally soon and that 
the government is nearing its 
target of catting 10,000 civuser- 


fare leaving for the United 
States for talks with the Reagan 
- administration on Israel’s econ- 
omy- Mr. Modai is expected to 
stress that Israel is tackling seri- 
ously its severe economic prob- 
lems arid that the economy is 
ready to resume growth. 

Israel receives $2.6 bflhoo an- 
nually in ec o no mi c and military 
aid from the United States, and 
the Reagan administration has 
approved an emergency grant 
of $ 1 5 irfSion ova- the next two 
years to rebuild IsraeFs foreign 
currency reserves. But Mr. Mo- 
dai reiterated a promise not to 
seek further emergency funds 
from Washington. 

He is to meet Secretary of 
State George P. Shultz, Trea- 
sury Secretary James A Baker 
3d and members of Congress. 


the core dements of the enterprise: 1979, the company had 150,000 industry analyst 


“fewer On the (me hand, manage- 
ment ranks are thinned when staff 
functions such as data processing 
are centralized— as GM is demon 1, 
stealing. On the other hand,giving 
plant managers responsibility for 
costs, quality and other key factors 


middle managers hTtMa/s ag^TlT 
ccw-conscaoos, hyper-competitive brutal on the 
tagnesj environment. industries, wt 

Middle manaMrs, the aaff peo- automation, 
pie long thought essential to a andasensani 


been most 


smoom- mmung corporate 
bon, are becoming mcreaai 


ncni -,, industries, where the strong dollar, 

as, the staff peo- automation, global competition 
t essential to a and a sense of desperation have all 
corporate opera- conspired to re define both the na- 
g increasingly ex- aue and the number of middlc- 


,- that top management edicts were , . . 

manufacturing followed. Gone are the days of industry analysts said that the ng- What we re now scang is a greater 
e strong dollar, rhoriring rforfrws Aeek- ure is misleading. The current e mph a s is in employment growth in 


GM officials and some auto- has now changed dramatically. 


pendaWe because erf the rapid in- ^ 

crease m office automation and a most dearly been the case in the 
new corporate emphasis on push- automobile industry the largest 
mg deoaon-making far down into U manufacturing enterprise, 
the operations. c , .. 

There is also a new concept tak- . F™ * variety of reasons, the us- 
ing hoM in business of theva^ ?° ns ^ nu ??. 1 aut f5 0t ^ e WOT 5 
a manager. Now compani es want * orce ’ production and 

management, will decrease 5 pex- 


t -^ bfv-t-»-r g r4uviHnp rforfrws rfieek- ure is misleading. The current e mph a s is in employment growth in 
mg chedkers" — a favorite top- white-collar staff level reflects areas that produce sales growth — 
management description of redun- GlUTs acquisition last year of Dal- sales, product development and re- 
dancy in middle-level management Las-based electronics Data Systems search, etc. 
ranks. Corp., a big computer-services “The problem was that lots of 

Ford Motor, which two weeks company that has taken over GWs these Firms grew for many years 
ago said that it would ent another vast internal data-processing oper- without any problem and the natu- 
20percent to 25 percent of its US. ations. The extensive shake-up in ral tendency was to get bloated ai 
employee-base by 1990, is t a kin g a GM*s organizational structure has the staff leveL" 

“pro-acrive approach," rather than added to middle management, GM With the new era of competition 
reactive, according to Mr. Van said. in general and the heavy competi- 

HulL Ford is pushing its weak “It is a temporary bloat, and the tive pressure from the industry gi- 
force-reduction program at a time pressure is on to reduce it,” said an ant, IBM, in particular, Mr. Schul- 

_ r ■ 1 " * — —,1a mb «nnn nw-itiwl M T rirtn’f tninlr ctlff 


management, will decrease 5 per- force-reduction program at a ame pressure is on 10 reaucc n. wn ^ 

managers who contribute directly through 1990 followed when the company is relatively auio-mdustry consultant who re- man noted, I don t think staff 

to the value of the enreronse anmnl nrosoerous. Thaloffers a better op- quested anonymity. “A number of posi boos wifl expand as the bina- 


SJS.JSSLr by continued but smaller annual prosperous. That offers a better op- quested anonymity. “A number of positions wfllopand as the busi- 

throogh resem ph, pro dnct develop- predicts a new - portunity for retraining programs GM departments have business ness recovers. 

TSt’&hS^^teSe f OT d mS!S ly rdeased study fran Arthur An- tor targeted employees or. at the plans to reduce the number of The employment situation at 


■ INVESTMENTS — U.S.A. — 

INCOME PRODUCING REAL ESTATE 

Ideal for Pension Funds and other large Groups 

1. Safe and Secured 

2. Below Market Acquisition 

3. Total Management 

4. High Yearly Returns 

5. Excellent Appreciation. 

Properties $3,000,000 and up 
Principals only please reply fo: 

m mm m m Uoyd J. WMianWr Realtor 

| || I | 5629 FM 1960 W., Suite 210 

“Mil Houston, Texas 77069. 

1 ToL: (713) 586-9399. Tlx.: 387356. 


era whose expertise lies in adminis- 
tration or staff support 

“There is a good bit of cost and 
overhead in the midHItvmanagft . 
meat ranks and its bring squeezed 
from two directions/' asserts 
Quinn Mills, a Harvard Business 
School professor who consults for 
International Business Machines 
Corp., General Motors Co. and 
Bethlehem Steel Corp. 

“The first is the competition 
both domestically and internation- 
ally — companies simply can't af- 
ford to carry people who don’t di- 
rectly contribute to the bottom 


Floating^-Ratie Notes 


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wjrrpf 20 7j 11 40U. {Sft 40ft 4* ft |8P»»n0 tg r r r 

Wjrer 450 93 16 49ft 48ft 49ft— V. 110 r r 

vlWhPW 20 7ft 7ft 7ft— ft I 130 7J0 80 r 


Putt— Last 
Sap Dec Mi 


Tesoro 0 4,1 „ 

27ft 20ft Tetarpf 2.16 10J 10 21ft Zlft 

4BJ6 37ft Temoo 30 B.1 33 2816 37ft 36ft 

3W6 3116 TxABc 10 48 9 1W 32 32 

46ft 3IR6 Tax Cm 156 5J> 7 2659 32 31 


18 lift 17ft— ft 
35ft 34 3416— ft 


46ft 30ft TaxCm 156 5J> 7 

39 26ft TaxEJtf 20 6J 9 

5816 52 TxETpt 404a105 


^Sft?S!S 

»6 28ft TxPac 


SS5=S 

2 jo u f »7 raft raft bii 

4049105 141 57ft 57 57ft + ft 

0b 28 13 0 28ft 28ft 28ft 

20 2.1 13 452 95ft M 94ft— ft 

J ii g ”1 k § 


ssws 1 « 


240x21 2016 20ft— ft 

IflOx Uft 16ft 16ft— ft 
364 47ft 47ft 47ft— ft 

~ 12 *% 3ift 30ft Sft - * **» ComxIlM Dolkps-ceirts per oolt 

0 24 11 365 23ft 23ft 23ft— ft COoHr ” . T r r r 

48 38 lift 11 lift— ft 2 r r r 

13 0 12ft 12ft 12ft 73 0.M Oil 485 8JB 

10 44 1« 641 31* Sft Wft-ft OiW^Gai™ Mortal 

.10 14 IS 6U 6ft St + * » IS f ? f 

1J4 SM 13 206 35ft 34ft 34ft-Ift 39 584 122 r r 

M 25! ^ 9ft 9ft— ft ?! r r r r 

w S 98 r 7ft - * 2 is 255 iA am r 

Uttt 1 'SLiTS s SS is ifi 8S 

a % l ’SSSSKSSSzlS s SS s 

'm 18 9 756 13% ?ift 13^— ft i»09 JoPOOMe Yiw-WOtfOBf o corf PST udf. 

ss m 11 ^sssssjr* s 3 ^ ? 

37 4ft 4 4 — ft 41 UJ9 r r r 

180a Z3 14 11 80 79ft 19ft + ft « A’J J7B 1 J1 00 

0 37 0 » 12“ 1?S 2 r r S3 r 

Ml 33 a 0 18ft 1BV> im 4- ft r r 

ra 158 r r r 

39 r «ja7 455 r 

« 20 30 r r 

41 r 254 r r 

43 059 156 r 0.17 

43 e.15 157 r Ms 

2 m ss os ' M r 

I5SSS » ^SSSS 

. r— No* traded. »— No Option offered. 


WhlKpk 0 24 H 


7Vn WIIIcxG 
33 26ft William 10 44 18 
Sft 2 WllmEI 

8 4ft WllibrO .10 14 

mh 30 WlnDbc 174 58 13 

0* 9ft WTlWta 0 28 9 

10ft 5ft Winner 103 

816 3ft Winter J 

40ft 28ft WtacEP 20 48 8 
W 71 WIsEpf 880 108 
4M6 26ft WbcPL 276 74 9 
3916 29ft WteePS 20 75 9 
4BJ 30ft WltCD 10 41 9 

lift 9ft MtalvrW 0 18 

49ft Oft Wolwtfi 2J» 41 10 
6916 49 WOhrpf 20 12 
4ft 2ft WrMAr 
81* 54ft WTWv 180a 23 14 
4ft 7ft WlHlfzr 
Kft I Oft WVteLb 0 17 0 
23ft 15ft Wmn* 40 37 S 


.18 1.1 11 
0 1J 17 


Sift 24ft Tax Util Z52 88 7 1817 28% 



65ft 65ft 
57ft 57ft 
7ft 8 
15ft T5ft 


4ft 2 Text! In 
SW6 30ft Textron 10 35 II 
lift Sft ThaCfc 01 


2m“*! 


7 4 4 4 —ft 

511 52ft 5116 51ft— lft 
144 9 Sft Sft— ft, 

4 27ft 27ft 27ft 


2ft Si 

21 21 


2116 21 21 
M 19ft 19ft 19ft 
388 27ft 27ft 27ft 
758 30ft 0 0 

700x44ft 46 44ft 
500x 47 45 46 

19ft 19ft 19ft 
21ft 21ft 21ft 
71 0 71 

49 68ft 68ft 
,2ft 2ft 2ft 
Mft 13ft 13ft 
4ft 
Mft 
Mft 
20ft 


2» 24ft ThaCkPf 415 15.1 4 27ft 27ft 27ft 

2S? JSJ 355ITJ 0 501 34ft 34 34ft 

fift 30ft TnmBff 10 34 17 426 37* 3716 37*— ft 

19ft 0 Thom In 0b 38 11 238 19ft ISft 19 +16 

J3S A0 24 10 111 15ft 15ft 15ft + ft 

22? IS 4 Tlirinr 80 3J 12 297 19* 18ft 19 + ft 

24ft 13* Tldwlr 0 58 974 15* 15ft ISft— ft 


ft ?2E -W 58 2 6 15* 1516 15ft— ft 

“ Wft 5ft T tow In 877 7ft 716 7ft— ft 

* ' SJ 1 * Time 10 18 17 1514 57ft 56ft 58ft 

2f5J Tlmpta 16 M 18ft 18ft 18ft + ft 

58ft 36M TlmOM 10 28 14 110 49 4816 48ft 

57ft 46 TUntan 180a 33 13 45 49Vs 49ft 4916 


? «’ 

075“^ 
30 ’ur 

r - — 9~ 



^ 4ft 4ft % 

• 


34ft— lft 
9ft— ft 
5ft— ft 


,9ft 4ft Tltnn 

lift Bft THalipf 10 98 

0ft 24ft TodSta 10 43 


41 7 6ft 7 

2 10ft 10ft 3 m 


1J3 U 14 9m 30ft 30* 

SJ? * A 28 11 159 IBft 1816 18ft 

£ft 15 TolEOli IB 128 5 500 20ft 0ft 20ft + 16 


gft 0ft TolEd pt 472 138 
30ft 22* TalEdpf 30 113 
28 21 TolEd P» 387 111 

g* »ft TalEdpf 40 111 
20ft Mft TalEdpf 20 128 
18ft MM TalEdpf Z21 127 


TaatRot 0b 18 13 


15 0 27ft 27ft— * 
12 28ft fflft 28ft- ft 
« 36ft 26ft 0ft + ft 
6 32ft 32ft 32ft 
3 18ft 18* 18ft + ft 
10 17ft 17 17ft + ft 
20 26ft 0ft 26* 

17 47* 47 47 - ft 


5L. SHSffi? ’-S! M 14 312 51ft 51ft 51ft + ft 
16ft QualcSO 0U19M8 21 016 21 +ft 

i2i? S uo !'? ,x . » 1W 7ft 7ft 7ft 

££ ?5S '-jS 58 tl 121 29ft 29ft 29ft + ft 

0ft Mft Ok Roll 3*0 1.1 14 57 22ft 22ft 22ft 


52ft »ft Trehrnk 10 12 13 302 45% 44* 45ft— ft 


0* 24ft ZaleCP 10 49 
21ft 016 Zapata .12 18 
2* 31ft Zayras M .9 
27 17ft ZanltliE 
21ft 15* Zaras 0 u 


aU-’-r 
iwo r 
00 r 


Mil:: 

iTi 5ft Sft SS- ft 

s 

& J3£^Sft + B 


r 

r US T. BILLS {HUM} 

f SlmUKuBV-moSISSwA- ' - ■ 

9133 B4M Sep 920 93J2 9299 930 

5E S* 6 5W «0 9274 9279 

00 Mar 9242 na run no 

920 870 Jun 9282 92.M 920 9215 

9281 880 Sap 9182 710 9U8 9U2 

S ™ E£ E& 9}SZ 91-53 9186 

9189 H9_5B Atar f!0 

_w?.. 90-50 Jim 9039 9099 9099 910 

Esf-SajM Piw. Sates 4366 
Pruv. Day Open I at. 344M off 339 


ssfaKisassssL 


ii* UK— is 


»2a™ PTliv de 432mna6 « pet 
“Ml W-W Sep 87-4 87-16 *7-2 

ST'J S R" 0 SH5 8M 
S'U / f ar •*' W KhU 

«S7 74-30 Jun 

844 ID-7 Sep 

(0-11 02 Dec- 

Est-^tea Pier. Sate* 4741 

Prar. Day Open Int. 570S off 631 


Bft 3516 Xenix 30 57 14 2123 52ft 52 5316+16 

Bft Mft Xerox pf 545 101 442 54 S3* 53*— ft 

® 19* XTRA 84 28 12 A 24* 24ft 15a- ft 


0 49 9 64 27ft 27 27ft + ft 
.12 18 59 IWO 8ft 8ft 816 — ft 
M .9 17 318 54ft 53ft 54 + ft 


ill open hit. 227,143 
if Open lot. 153812 


12 170 19ft 19 19ft—* Lata la premium InunMM price}. 

H 18 .12 1 9ft 19ft 1916-16 SBimw.-AP. 


9ft 6% RBIta M J 6 7* 7ft 7* + ft 

« 39* RCA of 30 9J 200s 0ft 0V6 3816 

112 79ft RCA pf 40 17 4 106* 106ft 104* + v, 

31JJ RCApf 30 97 is raw 'raw raft + “ 

J5. ^ 0 15 15 197 8ft 8ft Sft + ft 

4* • W» RPC 151 4* 4 * — ik 

>2! glL, 84 IT 9 SI 18ft 17ft 17ft- ft 

IS nS? 22^? — n JV Mft 14ft Mft + ft 


' » 97 TrctlPf 1BJ8e 98 
17ft 10* TaraCo 0 24 10 
5 1 Tosco 

17* B'6 TowM 
A* 25* TayRUs 
»6 17ft Truer s 0 18 
23 Bft TWA 
M 12* TWA pf 23S 15.1 
34ft IBft TWApIB 223 68 


10*98 10 110*110*110* + ft 

0 24 10 53 Mft 16* 16ft 

■* 4 3ft 4 + ft 

23 9* 9ft 9ft— ft 

0 2366 34ft 34 34* — ft 

0 18 13 60 21 20ft 20ft- ft 
495 22V. 22ft 22ft— ft 
Uj5 1S.1 140 15ft 14ft 14% 

L23 68 360 33* 33ft 33ft 


22* Zurnlfl 10 37 12 164 35% 35* 35*— ft 


US TREASURY BOMDS (C*T) 
f8peffl0a0l»d,432nd,ofl0qpcf) 

2"I2 S'! 0 3*» ^ 77-19 77-0 

0-13 578 Dec 76-34 7681 76-16 71623 

V:V V.^L Wor JM * 7581 75-17 75-22 

76+ 56-29 Jim 7*23 7*89 7*49 7*24 

75-31 56-29 Sep 73-0 76-1 . 73-23 73-9 

7+34 560 Dec 73-2 73-5 7230 732 

74-15 56-27 Mar 73-13 72-13 726 7241 

74-2* 0-12 Jim 7T-2J 71-2J 71-17 7M1 

7M7 63+ SOP 71-1 

72-18 62-24 Dec 7B-M 70-18 72-15 70-15 


Commodity Indexes 


NYSE Highs-Lows 


Gommmlities 


London 

Gmunodities 


Goimwifities 


Cash Prices 


24* Tranan 184 S3 13 337 2B* 28ft 28* — 


21% 17 Tran Inc 222 118 
M 11 TARtty 10 81 
21* 18% TrnCda nl.12 S3 


>0 81 0 
nl.12 58 8 


9 20* 20% 20* — * 
16 12% 12* 12% — * 
ra 18% II* 18% + % 


NEW HIOHS 0 


4*- Bft RPC 
19% 12* RTE 
14* 8% P odlca 


Transact 2.16b 44 10 425 49% 49* 49ft + ft 


**% 2^f RalsPur 10 ZJ 14 1727 43 42* 42* + ft 


a?}? ,3J K”?™ 1 .. . 59 1212 8* 7% 8* ' " 

5 1£ '*ft g««co_ 84 58 9 0 16% 16* 15% + ft 

7% 2* RnnerO 95 3% 3* 3* ft 

™ ’IS 2S2HE M 3. IS Stt 73 77 72— * 

17* 9ft Ravmk 17 11* 11* 11% 

f3«i 36* Rayta, 180 U 12 BT* 50 4ftb 49%_ % 

11* »ft ReadBI 0 5.1 499 8 7* 7% + ft 

21% 15% RdBatef 2.12 12.1 0 17* 17ft 17% ft 

24* 18 RdBatpf 3.1017.1 1 18* 18* 18* ~ ft 

’iik S2S2 '-MolD-1 10 17 13* 13 13* + ft 

17* m RaaiEq 14 108 9* 9ft 9ft — W 

™ g edml 1 -30 35 16 320 8* 8* 8* 

'S ntffl 31 

«ft 27% Rahjc 0 XI 13 72 38 37% 37%- R 

10% 4* RepAIr 5 3034 yft 9* 9ft— U 

3 1* RapAwt 136 2* 2ft 2* + * 

106 5% RpGvpx 0 38 8 108 ■ 7ft 7% 

4V* 35 RspNT 184 38 8 68 46% 46% 46% 

27* 23* RNY pfC 3.13 11J5 1 »* 5ft- % 

56 44ft RNY pfS 544a 9J in 5* 56 56 

3*^ ra% RepBk 184 SO 7 586x 32% 32ft 32ft + ft 

3® S'* Her’ffk pf 2.12 73 2x 0 27% 0 + % 

24* 15ft RtaiCo f B 14 813 21% 22* S% + % 

32 22ft Ravoo 0 11 0 549 26* 25% 25% — % 

15 97k Revert 2 74 14% MU 14% + ft 

SE 0 "- « 14 4568 44* 0% 4»- % 

26 Zlft Revtnpf 6 25 24% 25 + ft 

24% 17* RexfMi JO 79 IS 30 24 2M §*_ 2 

1*5 Vl'k gaxnra 44 3.1 ID 156 M* wS W%- * 

» Heynlns 140 SS 7 2151 27* 27* 27* 

50 46% Ray In pt 4.10 85 12x 48* 48* 48* + ft 

112* 101* Ray In pf 1029*0% 100 108* + * 

41* »% RtvMlI 10 28 9 1B%3H4 £% a**-* 
£,k 53^ ggyMPt u 27 77ft 77ft 77* +1* 


f«Bl7.1 1 18* IB* 18* — ft 

10elOLl 10 17 13* 13 13* + ft 

JO 15 M 320 8ft 8* 8*“ “ 
31 44 10^1^^-ft 

0 II 13 72 38 37% 37%— W 


66ft S3 T rased 127 VS 
raa 19ft TranCx 2J6 118 
13* 7% Trantai 6 

™ H Tr©pf 1032 103 
« ”5 Jr^Pd 884 9J 

O* 6% TmtOb 11 

<6* 29ft Tranwy 10 M 13 

41* 0 Trnwfd 48 12 13 

23% 12 TntdWIA 

17% 1WS Twtd Pf 10 11 J 


3 »* 99* 59* + * 

405 20* 20% 0ft- * 

6 51 8 7* 7% — ft 

JfttlOO 100 II® 

3SUz 93ft 93% 93%— * 

S ll 173 9* 8% 9* + ft 
289 46ft 46 46* + ft 

545 39* 38* 38%—* 

7 21% 21% 21%— ft 

„ 11 17* 17* 17* 


AAR Cp 

CestnaAIr 

PadRlty 

NatSvdta 

PaPL 924pf 

PtlEl 7B0pf 

Uldllumer 


Artans Best BtkHiuPw 
CwE840pfB Datopntn 
Ptahar Fda Intarco Inc 
Narstradlp OhEdacHA 
PemrDrawl PhEI875pf 
SCMCarp SvbranCdra 
UnJersvBk 


CnHudGatpf 
Essex Cb 
Urw CTH teln 
OtiEd *12pt 
PtiEI 785pf 
Svbranpf 


war Htab Lew Bte Ask 

Freer* irmct per metric ten 
Ota 1J05 100 105 109 

Dec 105 1475 100 105 

Mar 105 1490 105 109 

May 100 100 103 108 

Aim N.T. N.T. 105 1805 


Sift J2* Travlor ZM U » 8517 41* 40% 40% — % 


108 0 7ft 7% 

68 46% 46% 46% 

1 27* 27* 27*— * 
100 56 56 56 

586x32% 32* 32ft + % 
_2x 0 27% 0 + % 

813 31% 22* 23% + % 
549 0* 25% 35% — % 
76 14% MU 14% + * 


58ft 50* Travpf 4.16 79 
27% 22 Tricon 30eUi 
0ft 7% Trial ni 30 8 

31* raj TrlaPc 10 34 . 
49* 29ft Tribune M 18 16 
& ik. Trtcntr 0* 98 7 
5% Trlco JO 3.1 13 
IS J2ft Trlnlv so 2J 
25ft 14% TrttEna .10b 4 

IS J5£ I rifE JS 1 - , ° 7-a 

43% 30ft TucsEP 30 7J 


20 57% 52 0% + * 
92 27 26% 28% 

72 26ft 0 0* — % 

22 29* 29 29* 

141 47* 46* 46* 

12 Sft 5% 5%— % 

35 6ft 6% 6% 

632 13% 13* 13%—* 


ArmstRub 
Copwtd 
FabrtCtr 
HlfacW 
MB Ltd a 
Ml sal on I ns 


CompotaRscB Cltylnvesl 

CuJIlnotx DooroCo 

FalrcfUdpf FoyoDruo 
Ideal BosJc intlHrvwtB 
MattushEi McDar220pl 
P a r adyne RlverOakn 


QMsPxrivta 
DlebaWt 
Gem 1 1 Cap 
Kmart 
McDermlnt 
Trantcn me 


Aim N.T. N.T. 10 10 

Oct 180 1835 1850 1865 +45 

Eta. veL: 300 tot* a 50 ions. Pray, actual 
sales: HOT lots. Open Mtrata: 21,901 


-10b A 22 429 24% 23% 23*— ft 


}££ m T ri,E =^ IIS J* 59 14% Mft 14*- * 
S5 ^ JySS ** 25 *• Z75 40% 39ft 39% + ft 

ISft if" ■*! 10 14 54 15 i4% u*— * 

If* IS 3> ln p; JO *8 10 75 19ft 19* 19ft + * 

*' 30 TvctLO 0ZO 11 45 39ft 39* 39* — * 

T7% 13% Tv ter 8 A D 11 79 14* M M 


Datapoint Buyout Offer 


COCOA 

Frentai francs per M8 to 
Sep 2860 200 Z060 

Dec 205 um ZB70 

M or 2897 1090 2885 

May N.T. N.T. 2.1® 

Jty N.T. N.T. 2,105 

Sep N.T. N.T. 2.110 

Dec N.T. N.T. 2,110 


— +27 

205 +U 
2095 +15 

— + S 

— +75 

— +0 

— +25 


The Associated Pros 


Est voL: 15 loti at 10 Iona. Prwv. actual 
satee: 21 Mr Open Interast: 788 


DM Ritures 



W^atom6tari42M0iax6a. eetai mr 




41 30 TvcuLO 

T7% 13% Trier 8 


45 39ft 39* 39*— * 
79 14* M M 


SAN ANTONIO, Texas — Datapoint 
Corp.’s chairman, Asher Eddman. has — 


5ft ^ ual B t i So rj ,a mv S5 §* + *! computer manufacturer, the company an- 


1 19 1 Ll.l Soil I Htil hi-', 1 rjTT7*7TTteti i 


17* J*. UCCEL 

30 25% UDCn 


“ft BfbVr* ’48 40 12 1016 V* 36% 36% 

29 17* RJesalT 0f 40 109 0% 22* 22* 

Mft 22 RIteaM SO 2b 15 111# 24* 24ft 74* 


Solea Rguns ore unofficial Yearly hlata raid laws reflect 
the p nwtara 52 weeks plus me current week, but not tbe latest 
trotaaa day. Where a spilt or slock (fivtaeitd amounting to 0 
percent or mare has been add. the veal's MbMow ranee and 


36% 0* RtaSL" 1.12 3J 0 ” Mk 34* 34%-* °" W St0 f 0nlv - UntaSS 

44ft 26 Rtatw 10 58 48 27ft 27% Z7ft + % '“•"%™J l “iot dlvkletaa ora annual disbursements based an 


?S? .S 4 o'^SS!" 5 -^. 62J 8* B Bft— * the latest dedaraturL 

0ft 30 * SSti w mh a— dMdondalsoextrattljl 

41* 27* Rockwl 111 27 10 IM A «* S%— ’* fc ~S!TSL? lt,Bl (gvMand P*” taecfcdhrMsral/1 
147 iffl Rktnlpf 10 9 1 MS 145 MS +1™ c— ItoJldotlnB fflvttfencLfl 

12 5®*"” 2J» 14 11 1J7 65U 64% 65% — * cM~tadtod4l 

66 39 Rohrin 1 1 507 65 64 * 64* % h_ — ■ „ . ■ 

27* 12* RcrtnOn M 18 31 54 0 25ft 25% — ft f ^17 WtY lOWji 

w* TMbRtalnEs .10 4 M 253 26% 25 ms + % , ~ * >l 1? ltia €l * c>an!daf ta precedine 12 montftL/l 

JSJ m 52™^."* 44 4fl « JS ™ J?5 3®S + » ®“ d,w, ee"d In Canadian funds, auWeta to iffKrxxHeBldence 


IB* 5* RotaE wl IB 12ft |2ft 12% + * ] B — 

12* 5* Rodins 46 48 17 WS II* lift lift- * tot. 


i«ei8 K ?S S5 ^ SS-S n< r^^ edDCsd i y - v. 1K- 

Mr. Cdelman, nmo bought coomdMng stock 
— interest in the company m March, made i be 

fiofflcial Yearly highs and lows reflect 

Plus Itwcurrent week, but tat the latest panv officials smd. Under the proposal, stoefc- 
spiit or stock ifivtdand omnuitim in as holders would receive J6 a share in and. 

Datapomi would be mereed with a corporation 
to be r u-ggnrn-H by Mr. Ed elman and ms part- 
ners. 

Thefwoposal is subject to approval by Data- 
pomt’s investment banker, shareholders and 
other parties. In a leverage! buyout, a group of 
investors, usoally management, uses the compar 
ay as collateral m order to lake it private. 


COFFUE 

FraetaHranct per HD to 

Sap 1828 1820 100 1850 + 10 

Nor N.T. N.T. 1870 1810 +3 

Jon N.T. N.T. 18M 1J*0 —4 

mot 200 1.TO3 1,900 1895 —3 

N.T. N.T. 200 — UDdl. 

Jlv K-T. N.T. 1010 — Unch. 

Sop N.T. N.T. 2850 — Unch. 

Est. voL: I tots of 5 Ions. Prey, actual Mas: 
69 tats. OpaP Miarasti 417 - 
Sourer; BaunmtAt Commerce, 


Dividends 



*£%? : { £S$r aandU ** ,n 


Treasury Bills 


London Metals 


3% 2 Reran 
19 13* Room 

39% 0 Rarer 


44 2* 2 
76 13ft 13* 


ii* - * I |“^“^e«taita«iftowiii^ars»DtaidJvldanA 


r M 7*SSSn ” S 

.2 >52 SL 0 


*« viaw yud 


17 9* Roy Int s 17 

27% 18% Rubmdt 

0 14* Runsar 12 

20% 15% RvsToa 36 M 10 


17 468 14* 14* 14* 


54 25% 25% Mft— * I Hsu# Wttti d»vW«id» ni arrears. 


19* IB* 18*— 1 


i— new hMua to the post 52 we ek s. The Woh-tew ran o c ba a lm 


31* W RvonH 180 3J II 18 27* 27 27 — * " l ' . VT " lrl> * ng 
30% 25 Ryders M 2.1 11 SB 28ft 21* 28% -% | ^-rtexttay deHvera. 


39 17 Rvtartd M V 14 

20% Bft Rymar 3 

13% lift Rvroerpfl.17 9J 


46 24% 24* 24ft 
4$ IS 17% 17% 
72 72% 12ft 12% 


P/E — rates ca ri tin es ratla 


Japan b Said to Ease 
Roles on Bond Issues 


ALUMIN U M 

sunsj SS ^38 

JOU0 10140 wiaoo mi® 

Forward NHJD IB4O0 1027® inrrm 

Start 900 99ZM 9840 98SM 

gjjmrd mSS lOIWO ntMO IBM® 

^tabtopermtarictoa 

n?SSl *oS xi Is JAK ARTA ■ — Indonesia's sta* 

MerUtoPBi'iwtarietoa aircraft Company plan e 

SSSSSSSSSS ! 

” h «p»* <4 100 to 

SS™, SS S3 1SS as S£?'S g 2?’ ^.“Utooiosi 
ttm tsftadard) 1 "” " " ^ Mmister, Badaniddm HaMbK 

gpoi lier fan® fear® 9e09js 9087® WMqiwted as saying Wednesday 
Firwonf 9osi0 9051® wi® nss® Daring a visit to ^S oSlKko. 
Sforttao pm- metric tort uM IXUnistOr caM that rh# , , 

r°^ISJSfgS •ouldbebuihbymj^^! 

■ craft Co. <>f Bamhmg, w^j^* 


Pravtook 
BM Aik 


Ora y*or 70 

*wnsr .'Mewtohn 


12ft 12%— % r — dtokteta ttectoiwf or raid In pracacHno 12 menttu. Plus 


72* 

37ft 

12ft 

9% 

32% 

19ft 

19 

15 

21% 

16 

20% 

124 

12* 

5% 

2ft 

1* 

38% 

23ft 

34% 

24% 

X 

24ft 

23 

17 

11% 

9* 

8% 

3% 

35% 

24ft 

28% 

X 

9% 

6% 

12% 

8% 

«% 

31 

25% 

X 

35% 

23% 


2® 

23 

17 

69S 

.22 

1.9 

10 

1> 

m 

13 

14 

1 

06 

3 

40 

CH 

2560142 


IX 

30 

12 

16 

61 


34 

ia 




n 

X 

1.1 

25 

334 

10 

4.1 

ID 

964 

.ffi 

1.9 

12 

136 

1.72 

88 

7 

X 

1® 

[08 


42 




51 

.16 

4 

16 

7186 

124 

82 

9 

209 

52*10.1 

Ml 

71 



21 

10 

60 

M 

19 

584 

.94 

m 

13 

109 

SO 

Z9 

IS 

5999 


18 if* + * * — Iradina hatted. 

12 urft + * »<— tabanfcfupieyaf rao ta u sah toar bBtaBraa’ga nl z e duii. 
.2% 2ft ft d»r ffte Banknxitcv Act, or sccurlHcs emunted by sucJl aun- 
36 X* + * pontes. 


71% 

72 


11% 

lift + 

ft 

29* 

29*— 

* 

1/ 

17 — 

* 

17% 

18 


18 

12 

18* + 
12% + 

* 

* 

2ft 

2ft- 

M 

36 

36* + 

* 

30% 

31* + 

ft 

V 

27 — 

* 

X 

20% + 

% 

10% 

1»— 

* 

6* 

4*— 

* 

X* 

34* — 

* 

26% 

26% 


9* 

9* 


lift 

I1W — 

ft 

35% 

36% + 

% 

34 

24% + 

* 

X* 

34 + 

ft 


stock dividend. 

s— stock spUL DlwMend begins wM dote of stall, 
tas— sate*. 

t — tUvldend paid in stack in oracKfina 12 months. «Miiwtod 


Reuters 

TOKYO — The Japanese Finance Minis try 
has relaxed rules on the tmrinp> of issues of 


Jakarta Hans to Build 




X — ex-dMdeno or ex-riohte. 


xw— without war i or) to. 


seas subsidiaries of Japanese banks, martin 
sources said Tuesday. 

The action was taken because uncontrolled 
issues of other types of bands have become 
active recently, the sources said. 

Previously, the subsidiaries werepenmtted to 
issue such bonds three times a monui but bad to 
issue one in each thud of the month. They are 
still limited to three bonds monthly but can now 
float them at any time of the month, tbe sources 




















































IV::- 

sar*.' > 








IfttBreiBaK 

7 Vi '. ■ ' - • • ' Reuters 

■—-'fdiriSlSS i7 ! ! eni ? sular & Ori- 
~V--AS*SflP“ Navigation Co. said 
.y-.^We^sday Zhat pretax profit in 

tho.firet me months of 1985 rose 83 

’:■• lOfSSjS mfnirvn SCSA ■) — n 


- L'-V'fc- vl? — rW ^*qu_ 4 nni- 

i £32 nuSioa a "year eaxii- 

i : ■; :• iwe to £7768 nuffim, 

“front £o 1.7 nmhon, h said. 

company said that the 
a A "•' ^" ” r ? a£U y, improvement in re- 
a «Its reflected prepress and growth 

.... &w$s ibe group's main sectore and 
®9«ds these factors to be 
; .. Tcfiected m the second half 
V".- .. ««wement skills stemming 
"from *** year’s merger with Ster- 
-¥« guarantee Trust PLC are al- 
..... rea^ benefiting P&O's property, 
r . ^ .consbraetion, warehousing and 
, > transport activities, it said. 

- • .Big, lt.said, the company’s retur n 
. :; . on mvestaent in passenger cruising 

remans unacceptable in a difficult 
,". mar ket 

Overseas contameis performed 

- weiT daring 'he first half, but the 

• and the resultmTpressure 

. . .on rales are beginning to be f elt, jt 

- . _ 


Securities Exchange Couunis- 
sion over the accounting proce- 
dures to be used by ibe automaker. 

Ifitadn Ltd will cut its group 
ra mit fll mending for the year end- 
uing March 31. 1986, to about 91 
M&m yen ($381 million) from an 
initially planned 130 billion, which 
was revised to 104 billion last July, 
a company spokesman said, Spend- 
ing on ■ the semiconductor sedw 


laisoDecumoaiuuuuvpj 

i from a planned 90 biffian. 

Lear Seg^er Inc. said “prevaihng 

eroal estimates** of its lining? 
the year ending June 30, 1986i 
. “substantially overstated. The 
opany said it expects fiscal 1986 
rnnre to be somewhat betow fis- 
19S5*s record $100.7 rnfflion. 

Coot Swings & Inan de- 
lators* losses wifl total at least 
S million, with the Tndk^of me 
ounl covered by Maryland^ 
to insurance, the conservator lor 
thrif t estimated. 

•m m m. m ■ aLa n/«vf r^nrmfi 


saradorAU, — 

stitf^owned steel and shxpbmlding 
group, wifl cut its net loss sharply 
toabout 80 million DengJ® 


•ua.1i muuuu 

w>nr«. x finis ter Gerisard Stolien- 


Smss Ahamnim 

ects profits in 1 985 to be 

aDy tekw the lewd 
car. It reported that group 
we to 4&bDHt» 

11.82 biffion) m the fust ““J! 
J85 from 4.18 francs 

i the same penod of 1984. 

rsrnrs 

tppUed to the Gu^ou TV plao^ 

l Gtuyang in southwestern China, 

* Xinhua news agency sa kL 
WagonaOits SA, the Bdgan 

wr riperatorand « g 0 ^; 
dd it expected net.profits ton« 
lisyear after reposing 
l fet half sales. Group wnW»® 
l the fir* half 

Dion Bdgian francs ($858-4 mfl 
xi), upS42-4bflhon francs^ 
efirstWof 1984, the company 
ported. 


ftBchdin to Raise 
te Capital 25 % 
Share Issue 

Complied frr Our Staff From Dtspacha 

aJ^£Sr~~~ MicheUn & Oc, 
toe worlds second-largest tire 
manufacturer, will soon- in- 
crease its capital by about 25 
P^neut, providing about 1 bil- 
hon francs ($115 miffiou) of 
new money, Paribas bank, said 
Wednesday. 

Paribas said the money 
would be raised by a one-for- 
four shares issue. The bank is 
managing the issue. 

It added that MicbeSn ex- 
pects to report a consolidated 
net profit of between 800 mil- 
lion francs and 1 billion francs 
“fier posting a loss of 
224 billion francs last year. 

As reported, the group had a 
profit of 400 minion francs in 
the first half of this year. In the 
last three years, cons e cutive 
losses totaled 9.54 billion 
francs. 

(AFP, Reuters) 


Bell Resources Says Net Rose 
265% During the First Half 


Reuters 

PERTH, Australia — Befl Re- 
sources Ltd, the Australian mining 
company, said Wednesday that net 
profit rose 265 percent to 34.7 mil- 
lion Australian dollars ($24.7 mil- 
lion) in the first half ended June 30, 
from 9.5 million dollars a year ear- 
lier. 

Robert Holmes A Court, the 
chairman, did not comment- on the 
reason for the sharp increase in 
profit, which followed a ISO-per- 
cent rise in sales to 121.1 million 
dollars from 48.4 million dollars. 

But analysts said the higher re- 
sults reflect increased income from 
BdFs 23-percent royalty on Bass 
Strait oil output and an increase in 
its stake in two large central 
Queensland joint coal ventures to 
10 percent from 5 percent during 
the half. 

Mr. Holmes & Court said Bell 
made no amortization charge 
against profits for Bass Strait oil 
depletion because the value of its 
royalty interest had risen substan- 
tially from the 304.6 million dollars 
put on it at the end of 1984. 


If Bell had amortized against de- 
pletion, first-half net would have 
been 4J28 milhon dollars lower, he 
said. 

The rise in the royalty value re- 
flects both the identification of ad- 
ditional reserves in Bass Strait and 
a rise in Australian dollar oil prices, 
Mr. Holmes & Court added 
He said be will call a general 
meeting soon to seek approval for a 
two-for-oue split of its ordinary 
shares worth 1.00 Australian dollar 
each into 50-cent nominal units. 


Bell shares were up 30 cents at 
7.40 dollars Wednesday on the 
Sydney Stock Exchange. 

Mr. Holmes & Court said that 
Bell wlQ have cash on band and 
undrawn credit lines totaling 1.1 
billion dollars at Sept. 30 when the 
balance of proceeds of a recent 
103-percent convertible preference 
share issue is received. 

Bell also plans to seek a listing on 
the London Stock Exchange, Mr. 
Holmes & Court added 


W. Analysts said the results were 
* above expectations. P&O shares 
rose 25 pence on Wednesday, to 
' 423 pence, on the London Stock 
Exchange. 

Union Carbide, 
GAF Bad Contact 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Union Carbide 
Carp, officials have had contacts 
with GAF Corp., but no specific 

- negotiations have taken place over, 
GAPs increasing stake in Carbid e. 
the company chairman, Warren M. 
Anderson, raid Wednesday. 

GAF said last week that it had 
boosted its share of Union Car- 
bide's shares outstanding to 9.9 
. percent from 7.1 percent. It also 
V asked for federal approval to ac- 
7 quire as much as 15 percent. GAF 
has said it wants, the Union Car- 
bide shares for investment pur- 
poses, blit also has said it has con- 
sidered “the possibility of a 
business combination." 

Mr. Anderson told securities an- 
alyst: “We’ve had ingoing conver- 
sations in the last couple of years” 

. with Samuel Heyman, GAPs 
chairman and chief executive offi- 
cer. “Whether his motive is form- 
vestment return or something else 

- -wiflisomemm”/ ' ; : 


T XiTHTia 


American Moris Coqt, 46.4 
percent owned by the French-gov- 
emment-owned 'automaker Re- 
nault, introduced a mid-size pickup 
truck line called the Jeep Coman- 
che. 

BICC PLC rqxnted 1985 first- 
half pretaxproSt of £42.6 million 
a ($58.3 miluon) compared with 
■ £423 minio n in the same period 
last year on sales of £994 nriHian, 
up sightly from £987 million. 

British Telecommunications 
PLC is well on course for another 
operationally arid financially suc- 
cessful year, Sr George Jefferson, 

. the chairman, told the annual 
fneef rti g i First quarter 1985-86 re- 
sults, (hie in just over two weeks, 
.will show the group's performance 
arid profits remained satisfactory, 
he said. 

General Motors Corp. will com- 


Buyer for Equity Corp. Is Reported in Wings 


By Eric N. Berg - 

N ew York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — A major U.S. 
real estate company has agreed to 
buy the troubled Equity Programs 
Investment Corp. if the private 
mortgage insurers backing its secu- 
rities contribute $100 million to 
such a bailout, according to invest- 
ment h anking sources. 

Equity Programs disclosed last 
month that it had failed to 
$15 milli on in payments on mort- 
gages and mortgage-related securi- 
ties it had issued to fund the pur- 
chase of 20,000 single-family 
homes in the past decade. 

Investment banlriug sources de- 
clined Tuesday to disclose the iden- 
tity of the potential buyer. But they 
identified the company as a syndi- 
cator, meaning that it is in the busi- 
ness of raising money from the 
public and investing the proceeds 
in real-estate ventures. 


“A white knight has been pre- 
sented to the insurers,” one invest- 
ment banker dose to the situation 
said. “The question before the in- 
surers now is whether they want to 
make those overdue mortgage. pay- 
ments to buy time.” 

He was referring to the estimated 
515 million in payments that 
Equity Programs faded to make 
last month on $1.4 billion in mort- 
gages and mortgage-related securi- 
ties it hud icenftd over the last de- 
cade to finance the purchase of 
single-family homes nationwide. 

Equity Programs' delinquency 
has caused a.rcn on deposits at its 
corporate parent. Community Sav- 
ings and Loan Association of Be- 
thesda, Maryland. 

National Bank of Washington 
and Hist National Bank of Mary- 
land have asked a Federal District : 
Court to place EPIC Mortgage j 
Ino, the mortgage-banking unit of ] 



Weekly net asset value 

^ Tokyo Pacific Holdings N.V. 

on Sept. 3, 1985: U.S. $120.48. 

Listed on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange 

• lnion w» tton:Piet»on, |l»h> ir»g&PI»iBonH.V^ 

Herengra ch t 21*. TOMBS Am a ten fa nu 


:3 T ,: V 


CONSTRUCTION 
OF THE PORT 
OFSAIDA 
LEBANON 




OGER INTERNATIONAL 
is looking for 
potential companies 
that are able to construct 
a 2,000 m jetty 
with a varying depth 
of zero to 18 meters 
and a surge of 
8 to 10 meters. 


I 


Pi 

m\ 

Ml 

H 



Equity Programs, under a receiver. 
The two banks are trustees for 
holders of almost $1 billion in 
EPIC mortgage-backed securities. 

According to the investment 
banking sources, the real-estate 
company has agreed to buy Equity 
Programs only if its private insur- 
ers First pay the overdue $15 mil- 
lion. Such a move would stave off a 
formal default by Equity Programs. 

Tbe insurers would then be re- 
quired to contribute an additional 
585 milli on to help meet Equity 
Programs' upcoming needs for cash 
and to indemnify the white knight 
against losses it might suffer. 

Tbe three principal insurers are 
Ticor Mortgage Insurance Co.. 
MGIC Investment Corp. and Re- 
public Mortgage Insurance Co. 


ADVERTISEMENT : 

INTERNATIONAL FUNDS (Quotations Supplied by Funds Listed) Sept. 4, 1985 

Nat osMt voim otiotattMi* ore sopplIM fur tm Fundi dstid wttti tte exception of some cantos band an tam prtco. 

T*e RtarMiMi snnboh Micatv frequency of <wotal toes *opoa«d:«n- dolly; (w)-wmMvj (M-bHmattily; CD- ra gw ort * ; (D-irregoiartv. 


AL MAL MANAGEMENT 

■ml ai-moI Trust. La 

BANK JULIUS BAER & CO. LM. 

-(dl B ow faond 

-id \ Cnnbor. — — ___ 

-Id > Eaulbo«r America 

-Id] EoulDoer Europ* 

-(d) Egukboer Pacific 

-Id I GraMf— _____ 

•Id) Stock&er 

BANOUE IHDOSUEZ 

-Id) Asian Growth Fund 

-1 w) DlvrUcnd 


SF 907.90 
SFIZ2UO 
. S11NLDU 
SF 129000 
SF116&00 
SF 10374)0 
SF 157000 

. S 1A87 
SF BUD 
. S 1 8LAS 
. S ILH 
. * 17 At 

S 101.74 
. S 1*7 -BA 
. SKEEL74 


■ml FfF-Amerleo — — S 18L*5 

-Iw) FIF-Euraoe S \2JS 

■iwj FIF-PadHC S 17A9 

-Id) indoBUBZ MulittMnds A S 101.75 

-Id I indosuez MulNbondK S S U7J* 

-Id) Intfnuei USD IIMM.F) SWZL74 

BKITANNULFOB 271. 5f. HaUur, MTW 

-lw> BflLOollar ineomo * 0J74 

-lw) BrIU ManofLCurr S 7 M 

-Id ) BrH. IntlS Manaa-portf S 1.110 

-Id) Brit. lntlAMonooJ*arf1 c 1142 

Hwi Bril. Am. Inc. A Fd Lid S IjOM 

-lw) BrlLGoMFund I 0J57 

-(w) BrlLManaskCurrencv t 1 434 

-Id) Brli. Japan Oir Part Fd__ S 0J7 8 

-(wl BrlUtnev GUI Fund C 0273* 

■Id) BrtL World Lota- Fund S 1 321 

-IdlBrtt. World TKha Fund — S 0J38 
CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL 

-lw( Capital InM Fund S 3EM 

(w! Ovdal I folio SA S 1631 

CREDIT SUISSE (ISSUE PRICES) _____ 

-fd) Adlans 5otaW SF 422JO 

•Id) Bond Valor Swf____ 5F 107J5 

-l d 1 Bond Valor D-mark DM 114.19 

-fdl Bond Valor US- DOLLAR X 12233 

-(d) Bond Valor Yen YennaQDO 

-Id) Canvort Valor Swf SF 11735 

-(d) Convert voter US- DOLLAR- X 12240 

-(dICanoMC — SF 7ALOO 


-(dICanosac 5F 74400 

-( d ) CS Fondt-Bonds SF 7825 

• | d ) C5 Fondo-lntl SF 115JJ0 

-(dJ CS Manor Market Fund S IOSSOO 

-(d) CSMonovMartwi Fund— DM1051.B0 

-(d) CS Money MarfcW Fund 1102200 

-< d I Eneralo-Volor SF 14L75 

(d)UsMC SF 7031HJ 

-Id) Europa-Vokir SF 14L73 

-Id) Pacific -Votar SF 15100 

DREXEL BURNHAM LAMBERT INC 
WJnctmater House. 77 London Wall 
LONDON ECZ (01 7209797) 

-lw) Flnohury Group Ltd ■_,__ X 12L42 

-lm» Winchester Diversified** X 2245 

-(mi Winchester Flnonctol LKL_ S 10.79 

(w) Winchester Holdlnos FF 1WJJ4 

S 1237 

-lw) Worldwide Securities s/s 3 Vj_ s 46.17 

-lw) Wartdwlde Special vs 2V> S 14000 

DIT INVESTMENT PFM 

-K d ) Concentro— DM 29.19 

-+(d) Infl Rentenfond DM 94.19 

Donn A HaiwltS Lhnrd George, Brwsols 

-(ml D&H Commodllv Pool 5 31245*“ 

-Im) Currency & Gold Pool S lgJO — 

-(m) WlndL ufe Put Pool 557723 — 

-im) Trane World Ful. Pool S 907.53 — 

ESC TRUST COXJERSEY1 LTD. 

1-3 Seale St_5t. Holler .053434331 
TRADED CURRENCY FUND. 

Old line.: Bid S ID HWOffer SHL524 

EHdiCan.: Bid 5 ll3&40Her SIU18 

INTERNATIONAL INCOME FUND 

-( d I Short Term ’A* (Accum) S 14950 

-Id) Short Term 'A* (Dhtr) S 0.9988 

-(dl Short Term 'B' (Accum) S 1-2047 

-Id) Short Term *B' (DIBIT) S 04771 

-( w) Lana Term— — 1 3447 

FAC MOMT. LTD. INV. ADVISERS 
I. Laurence Pounlv Hill, EC4. 01-423-4480 

-lw) F&CAihmllc S 1248 

-(w) FAC European. S 13.12 

-(wl PAC Oriental S 2731 

FIDELITY POB 47ft HamBtoa Bermuda 
-tml American Values Common— S 9500 



DM • Deutsche Mart; BF - Belgium Francs; FL- Dutch Florin; LF - Luxembourg Francs; ECU - European Currency Unit; SF - Swiss Francs; a - ashed; +- Offer Prlceub - bid change 
P/V SID In SI per unit; N4L - Nat Available; NIL- MaKammimioaiediO - New; S - suspended; S/5 - Stock Spilt; • - Ex-Olvldend; *' - Ex-Rts; — - Grass Performance index July; • - 
Redempt- Prfee- Ci-Coueon; Formerly worldwide Fund Lra; 0 -Offer Price Ind. 394 praOm. charge; ++- dally slock price as on AnisSrdam stock Exchange 



Ml 

iXn 

;«( 

i hi 


\xnwmk. 

IM* 
mwM 






Helaba Frankfurt in brief. A solid 
banking partner. 

Helaba Frankfurt is a govern- 
ment-backed universal bank rank- 
ing among Germany’s foremost 
financial institutions with total 
assets exceeding DM 66 billion. 

It offers a broad range of commer- 
cial and investment banking facili- 
ties as well as brokerage and invest- 
ment advisory services. 



HeJaba Frankfurt serves both 
domestic and international clients. 

Concentrating on wholesale 
banking, especially in the medium 
to long-term sector, Helaba Frank- 
furt tailors its comprehensive ser- 
vices for large corporations, central 
banks, government entities, and 
other Gnancial institutions. More- 
over, it acts as banker to the State 
of Hesse. 

Funding is facilitated through 
issuing its own bearer bonds and 
SD Certificates (Schuldscheindar- 
lehen). The total outstanding is 
some DM 27 billion. 

Helaba Frankfurt is also at 
home in key international markets, 
operating for example full service 
branches in London and New York 
as well as a Luxembourg subsidiary 
specializing in Euromarket trans- 
actions and private banking. 


You'll find Helaba Frankfurt in 
nuyor financial centers. 

Head Office: 

Junghofstrasse 18-26 
D-6000 Frankfurt/ Main 
Tel. (069) 132-01, Tx. 415291-0 

New York Branch : 

499 Park Avenue 

New York, New York 10022 

Tel. (212) 371 2500, Tx. 234426 

London Branch: 

8, Moorgate, London EC2R 6DD 
Tel. (01) 7264554, Tx. 887511 

Luxembourg Subsidiar y: 

Helaba Luxembourg, Hessische 
Landesbank International S.A. 

4, Place de Paris 

Tel. (52) 4994011,1k. 3295 helaln 


Helaba FtMiDraimiDt 

Hessische Landesbank -Girozentrale- 
















INVESTMENT 

OFFICERS 


tibaaj I 

4\ikuF&* 


The International Finance Corporation offers you a career in 
international development An affiliate of the World Bank. IFC needs 
investment officers for important work promoting the private sectors 
of developing countries. The job involves identifying and appraising 
proposed investments, negotiating and presenting proposals to the 
board, and supervising IFC investments. * ■ * 


of developing countries. The job involves identifying and appraising 
proposed investments, negotiating and presenting proposals to the 


proposed investments, negotiating and presenting proposals to the 
board, and supervising IFC investments. - - - 

Although based in Washingtoa officers work within a multi- 
national and multi-disciplinary team, and frequently need to travel 
overseas to assigned countries. 

Applicants should possess a relevant degree and have at least 
five years financial or industrial experience intending, funding or 
managing equity investments, preferably in a developing country. 


0 


PiUijiWIT7l5tiP3>w«lTt]lgirawi 


We will meet all the expenses incurred in your relocation, and 
2 full provisions to enable you to keep in close contact with vo\ 


make full provisions to enable you to keep in close contact with your 
home and country. 


home and country. 

Please write, in English and enclosing a resume, to: 
Miss Katherine Loulhood, Recruitment Officer, 
International Finance Corporation, 

1813 H Street, N.W., Washington D.C. 20433. 


5 . 13 # 


WlliX 



International Finance Corporation 



McDonald's is the worldwide leader in the quick 
service restaurant industry. Due to further 
expansion in Europe, our Frankfurt office is 
looking for a qualified 


ARCHITECT/CONSTRUCTION 

ENGINEER 


This person will manage and train our architects, designers 
and technical stuff in Birope with regard to planning, 
organization and the carrying out of construction of our 
restaurants. His duties will also indude quality and cost 
control as well as the counseling of our licensees on new 
construction and remodeling projects. 

The ideal candidate wHI be technically qualified, possess 
management skills, negotiating ability and diplomacy. 

We are offering a salary commensurate with experience 
and abilities in an interesting and independent job with 
future potential. 


Phase send your complete resume to: 

Mr. Marko Kreft 

McDonald’s System of Europe, Inc 

Kennedydlee 109 

6000 Frankfurt am Main 70. 


MARKETING/ 
PUBLIC RELATIONS 


Our client is a major US multi-national cor- 
poration marketing fast moving consumer 
branded products in Scandinavia and Finland. 

They are seeking a high calibre senior pro- 
fessional with a background in either marketing, 
business development, public relations or 
government. 

The successful candidate will be expected 
to represent the company in its dealings with 
, government, regulatory authorities, the press and 
the public and will need to be capable of com- 
municating effectively and persuasively both 
orally and in writing. 

The geographic scope of the job. which will be 
based in Stockholm, is Scandinavia and Finland. 

The company offers not only an excellent bene- 
fits package but also excellent career prospects. 

For further information please contact in strict- 
est confidence: Terry Jones. 



Viking Resources 
luleniottoncil N.V. 


N.A.V. cs at 31-3-85 
$49.67 




Pierson, Hsldring & Pierson N.V., 
Herengroeht 214, Amsterdam. 


Company Results 


Revenue and profits or losses. In millions, are In load currencies 
. unless otherwise indicated. ^errvnaes 









SBCJSUI HOUSE, LTD. 

(CDRs) 


The undersigned announces dnt the An- 
nual Report February 1984-Jaauarr 
1985 of Sekmaf House, Lid. will be 
available in Amsterdam at 
Piereon, Hekbing & Pierson N.V„ 
Aigemeae Bank NedeAmd liV. 
Araalcrdam-Rotteniaxn Bank N.V„ 

Bank Men & Hope N.V., 


INDERMAUR INTERNATIONAL 
LIMITED 

EXECUTIVE SEARCH CONSULTANTS 


6 Upper Brook Srreet. London W! Y 1PD Tel 01-4996427 


AMSTERDAM DEPOSITARY 
COMPANY N.V. 


Amsterdam. August 28th. 1985. 



If you are unskilled, 
but ambitious 

and want to earn up to £75 per day , 
become an 


AUTO MARK AGENT 


Security wmAfa g car windscreens, 
fall or port time 

in your own area, of Great Britain. 

Tel.: UK. 061 832 4508, 
AUTO MARK, MANCHESTER, UK- 


WTSOSm ELECTRIC 
mmi LTD. 

(CDRa) 



The undersigned unmKBtttat the Sec- 
and Quarter Report 1985 of Matsu- 
shita Electric Industrial Co~, Lid. 
will be available in Amsterdam at 
Pierson, HddriiK & Plosoa N.V., 
Algemene Bank Nederland N.V.. 
Amsicnhm-RortenlaBi Bank N,V„ 

Bank Una & Hope N.V^ 
Kas-Aasodatie N.V. 


The Trib^buaness section 
tagger and better ihari 




Tii.iL , V r T rr; 


AMSTERDAM DEPOSITARY 
COMPANY N.V. 


Amsterdam. August 28th, 1985. 


1 

Hi 




























































. ■ •j-'i-.V'* i 

• rV;- -_- rr>_- . 








EUROMARKETS 

^ers Seem to Await U.S. M-l, Jobs Date 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 19SS 




Page 17 


^mstophcr Pizzey 

r “'®°*k toe primary 

t were quiet Wednes- 

S jjpsgg gfre 

E S ures and the 


aSSSJ “ftiSS 

~JSaJSS5*"* sras? 

, J£^. <31^7 also launched “EL'S"*?* 
a 550-nuHion band asne for Mitsu- 1 (X ^- Th f ls 

Estate Co. It also pawlSt 

Percent ayear over seven vSn, tat m ^ 
jras priced at 101 %. Deakrsooted “2 *“*®* 1 

SSAJ“.'! -^PKfi -S 13 


'Smart Card’ Assaulting 1 

1, Jobs Data fhvloroA hv (Continued from Page II) 

L'f tMJdi CU IPJ Technology. “The technical posa- 
ai a discount of about 2 points. __ — biliiies are out there to make 

Privatbanken A/S issued a 45- F|V)|)/^f) Kmibo changes as sfemficam as the intro- 

iUion-Austohan-doilar bond is- ■*■ • litlllflo due Lion of the original assembly 


Assaulting the Tyranny of the Assembly Line 


(Coutinoed from Page II) 
Technology. “The technical possi- 
bilities are out there to make 


ler- million -Austohan-doilar bond is- 
sue, which pays 14 percent a year 
over three years and was priced at 
r~~ I0OT4. The issue was quoted on the 
|^7 market at a discount of about IK, 
fast inode the Hi percent selling 
concession. Morgan Stanley Inter- 
*7~ national was the lead manager. 


_ - line.” 

r^ n ,i smr ^ tmC L r ^!\ u - Most experts in the field agree 
PARIS French banks have that the auto indusuy is leading the 
taken a myor step to bringing into way in trying new methods of mass 
general use the smart card, a p^uen^bo th because its cur- 
bank card with a tiny computer ^ _ the automakers 

lodged in the plastic that allow canasdsSSbSlion last year— per- 
automabc debt ring of customerf ^ 0 ™^^ aDd because it 
accounts when they make pur- needs loihida way to ovetximethe 


the Study of Automotive Tianspor- town, Ohio, workers rebelled in the that small er numbers of more higb- 
tarion. “The Japanese hired the early 1970s against the unyielding ly skilled workers, working with 
mind as well as the hanrfc, and the demands of the system by staging sophisticated, computer-controlled 
mind motivates the hanHc you m wildcat strikes and damaging vrfri- equipment, will replace the un- 
rpnrih more out of a system iSm cles, is planning to buyhnndreds ovni^d thousands in most of le- 
thal." more of the automated vehicles for day’s auto plants. 


At the sprawling General Motors use in its new plants. Officials of 


factory in Tansing, Michigan, sev- the company say they are pleased 
eral dozen unmanned, battery- with the remits of the inn«ng ex- 
powered vehicles have been in- penmen t. 
stalled to carry unfinished When GM*s Saturn factory goes 
automobile engines from location into operation near the end of the 
to location. They move along a d«yd* a new contract signed by 


limits. The 


men tney maxc pur- needs to find a way to overcome the 
... . _ . . 52.000-a-car cost advantage en- 

of banks and financial joyed by Japanese auto impW 


the company say they are pleased Sa turn 
with the remits of the inrrdng ex. the U/ 
penmen t. but da 

When GM*s Saturn factory goes was bt 


smooth concrete floor, following a 
buried wire leading to a work sta- 
tion. 


automaker 


eqtdpment, will replace the un-. 
skilled thousands in most of to- 
day’s auto plants. 

Some of the inspiration for the 
Saturn agreement, Mr. Ephlin of. 
the UAW said, came from Japan,, 
but the group-assembly approach 
was borrowed from factories in' 
Sweden. Companies there, facing 
labor shortages, have had to make_ 
factory jobs more appealing to fiHT 


autoworkers’ onion ensures that all out their work forces. 


^ “actual trading is 

4 tMjrt hm. The market’s only being 

gja afeg f rct *“ « 

company, 

: ■^ ■■ ^Amev Ny, issued a SlOoXm 
;- - :^traight paying 10 * percent a year 
' |;(wr jevayeas aod njeed at 99 K 
' was quotedjust within its 


. terest in this sector was also thin _ __ ... 

Midland Australia issued a 50- The Bank of Greece's £75-mfl- SSSKffiSE made it mbre efficient.* Now. by 

mfflron-Ansu-ahan-doUar bond. Eon ‘TJuDdogT bond was priced at 8 ™°?* distnbuuxm to ac- c ^ Mng j n - ^ S y Stcm compfetdy 

2 SL-Efi— -»$* res,ons 

zaJSsssss^s 

wmi^alti.udSTap executives ol 

lions hope to have the cards in use mas now oeueve ua lonegreaiao- 
throughout the countiy. 


the narionalized com- 
for distribution to ac- 


^tatod baas by Midland Bank lOKperoenL The pricing gave the 
FLC The issue pays \3Vi percent a banri ayield to its 2010 maturity of 
year over three years and was lead- 1.1-827 percent, or 135 basis pcuus 
manag ed by Samuel Montagu & over the gross redemption yield of 
Go. On the market, the issue was *be Treasury 13% percent govem- 


^ quoted just within its bi d well rmirideitTl n»>t bond due 

CURRENCY MARKETS 


Auto executives note that the As each one glides to a stop, 
Japanese simply adopted the workers gather around it and begin 
American production system and attaching accessories to the engine. 


worker attitudes. Tc» executives of 
isis. By 1988, finandalStitu- the auto industry and other compa- 
ms hope to have the cards in use mes now behero that one greaiad- 
rougbout the countiy. « ulta S e b Y the Japanese is 

«r ttJ. im~r the cooperative attitude of their 
'nwadoptiOTof theordisa- work ‘^ ! . 


The vehicle is programmed to move 
an to another location after about 
two minutes, but if there is any 
problem, one of the workers can 
push a button and bold it in place 
until everything is done right. 

Group assembly is one of the 


the work will be done by groups 
who will have a large say over how 
each job is organized. 

The Saturn agreement is the re- 
sult of a joint company-union ef- 
fort to find a way to produce small 
cars profitably in the United States 


care profitably in the 
and rall« for a high d 


Automakers may be leading in 
the development of modern pro- 
duction methods, but they arc not 
alone. 

About 100 miles (160 kOomeiera) 
from GVTs Tensing plant, workers 
in Clyde, Ohio, are assembling a 
new line of dothes- washing ma- 


iwuar ( Joses Up, But Off Highs in Europe 

; Coapikd by Our Surf? from Dispatches ° * 

•LONDON — Hie dollar closed i a ^. aM aOT hfle. recovered from a teatial for the dollar while a British 
bcjowlts hi ghs in European trading ™ Jr ™ n g trading low in London of clearing-bank dealer said he cc- 
Wednesdav as 3T - 25 U -S- cents to dose at 39.75, pects the dollar to stabilize at these 


i ? 6 ”? 5 “We hired a pair of hands,” ob- conventional fine” — and switch 

iE*23£ ««ve$ David Cole, director of the jobs within the group for variety. 

Univenity of Michigan’s Office for General Motors, whose Lords- 

111 U! J" .1 1- L, nl 


break the monotony of the continu- number i 
OUS ling- They cap talk with wafh into mak 
other — something hard to do on a are tha t 


Gifs S3i-btHion investment Corp. Instead of starting with an 
One of the fundamental goals of , cabinct instafling the 

the Saturn production approach is internal components, as has been 
to cut costs by sharply stashing the traditional m the appliancc n^us- 
rnsmber of hours oTjabaTlhat go try, the new madnne is built from 
into making a car. Some estimates ““ ms “ e oaL 
are that Satarn wOl reduce the Now that they do not have to 


from about 130 at present twist and strain to fit parts inside 


to 30 to 40 hours. The result, labor 
and management officials agree, is 


the metal cabinet, most workers do 
their job sitting down. 


: Wednesday as many corporate cents to aose at -».o, 

'-buyers took profits after this vreefs ^ do** 1 2 cents from its Tuesday 
['steady dhnb and others cot long d0Be ** 4145 
posinons. Dealers said the decline Dealers said the unit, the exter- 
;was also due in part to renewed na ^ trading conmcment of the new 
worries over strains in the U.S. fi- two_ber rand, had hit a high in 
nanoal system. - afternoon trading of armmd 41^0 

Ibe CJ^l currency dosed in Lm- with the h^p (rf South African cen- 
don. at _2.8506 Deutsche mark* tral bank intervention, 
down fnnri its trading high of They noted that rand trading re- 
2.8683 and Tuesday's close of mains highly cautious amid wido- 


sbh down 2 cents from its Tnoday levds until U.S. economic figures 
dose of 41.45. in coming weeks give more clues. 

Dealers said the unit, the exter- rariier trading in Europe, the 
naT trading component of the new dollar was fixed in Frankfurt at 
two-tier rand, had hit a high in 2.8441 DM, up from 2.8281, at 
afternoon trading of around 41 JO 8.6775 French francs in Paris, up 
with the help erf South African er a- from 8.6345, and at 1 ,900.85 lire in 
tral bank intervention. Milan, up from 1, 89 1.20. In Zurich, 

They noted that rand trading re- the dollar dosed *23460 Swiss 
mains hinhlv mntime amiri wwfn- bancs, up from — 3323. 


2.8535, and at 23463 Swiss fteacs, 
up from 23340. The British pound 
based to $13725 from $13793 on 
Tuesday. 

Dealers said traders on Chica- 
go's International Monetary Mar- 


spread uncertainty about the de- 
tailed workings of the new two-tier 


on currency system and growing speo da > r - 
ulatioa that currency controls wfil — 
be stringent ~*i 

ar- London dealers noted that the 


ious amid wide- n »? c ^ , P Ba “ 
v nhrmt the d*. “ Tokyo, the dollar ended rose 

theSwwo-t£ to 239.75 yen from 238.60 on Tues- 
ld grow i ng soecr (Reuters, I ITT) 


ket* w4u> have led the ddlaFs recent dcrilar was ripe for profit-taking af- 
recavay, sparked the day's selling ter its sharp upward correction 
in a $tiu thin market from the 2.77-DM level late last 


GM Ham to BaSd Paint Shop 

Untied Pros International 


will "read” the cards in shops and 
banks. 

In addition to the Bull order, the 
banks are committed to purchase a 
further 4 million cards, probably 
from Philips NV of the Nether- 
lands. The French posts and tele- 
c ommuni cations agency, the PTT, 
eady this year ordered 13 millio n 
cards for holders of postal savings 
accounts, and has ordered 200,000 
for use in special public phones. 

The “smart card” was invented 
in 1974 by a Frenchman, Roland 
Moreno. 

ft is also bang tried oat in Nor- 
way and Italy. In the United States, 
the big Mastercard credit group has 
distributed expe rim ental lots of 
50.000 cards each to two control 
samples of customers, one using 
the Bull card a nd the other a card 


DETROIT — General Motors made by a Japanese company, Ca - 
np. announced Wednesday that sio. 


*• Tokyo Is Asking Exporters 
ftE? To Cut Textile Shipments 

liffiOP Reuters 

tvings BEUING — Japan is asking China, Pakistan and South Korea to 
> 0.000 lower their textile exports to Japan, a Japanese Embassy spokesman 
ies. in Beijing said Wednesday. 

ented “Textile exports, especially of cotton goods, have increased sharply 

oland over the last two years, causing a serious political problem in Japan,’* 

he said. 

Nor- Japan sent delegations to Pakistan last month and Seoul last week 
hates, with the request for lower exports, and will send a similar plea to 
tp has China next mon th , he ?ddwd 

is of But Japan has not specified exact figures for exports this year from 
mtrol those countries, the spokesman said. 

using Official Chinese figures show the country’s exports to Japan of 
l card textile yam, fabrics, made-im articles and related products in the first 
U Ca- quarter of litis year totaled $105 milli on, compared with $320 million 


Wall Street Treads Water 


(Continued from Page 11) 
capacity — will make portfolio seo- 


enpugh to propel it into recovery 
this fall or winter.” 

Anticipating the rebound, he is 


of London 

The Sot 


1 thin market bon the 2.77-DM level late last Corp. announced Wednesday that sio. 

They noted, that Australian cor- week. In a Tuarkw they it mans to bu3d a $240-mil2ion * Despite the French technological 
porate buyers were particularly ao- the news Wednesday that fnrw. 15 pamt facility at its car assembly edge, me regional experiments car- 
tive in the day’s market, sdfingddr percent of the UJ». Farm Credit plant in Framingham , Massachu- tied out so far in France have not 
inst the Swiss franc at a rate System’s loans may be uncoiled- setts. David D. Campbell, director led to widescale use of the memory 
to- 1. He said there was «fon iWe contributed to a feeling that of operations for GfrTs Chevrolet- cards, because of disputes between 
lead dollar profit taking out the dollar had been overbought Pontiac rnnada Group, said the banks and store owners over how 


profit taking out 
other currencies. 


the dollar had been overfao 
One dealer for a major U. 


African c nm tnm i iiT said he sees little more upward po- gust 1987. 


bank shop is to be in operation by Au- 


cydes a hazardous exerase. £Zmicals andpapm, but indutf- 
Technology stocks are alsoem- jug semiconductors. Monsanto and 
phasized for investment by Drexel Hercules are favorites in the first 
because of thdr sensitivity to un- g^p 

proving economic conditions. She Harkening back to the days of 
said that AMP, Burroughs and In- original “Nifty Fifty," Mr. 

tel, companies that typically mar- said be also recommends 

ket proprietary products, are set for international Flavors & Fra- 
a product-cycle upswing, and enjoy 

market share or technological lead- * But ^ u.s. economy does 
aship. A smaller high-tech stock not p j^ ^ an ^ aarntrig s estimates 


she singled out ts Liebert 
Also on the priority list are Harris 


for corporations get shaved again. 
Wall Street could be in for a 100- 


shouldbe 


quarter of litis year totaled $105 millio n, compared with $320 million 
for all of 1984 and $176 milli on for the whole of 1983. 

But Japan’s trade surplus with China in 1984 was $135 billion. A 
Chinese delegation went to Tokyo at the end of July to ask Japan to 
increase purchases of Chinese petroleum, textiles and agricultural 
products to reduce the surplus. 

Chinese officials said exports to Japan in July dropped from the 
July 1984 figure, while imports increased by 87 percent. However, the 
precise figures were not disclosed. 


Corp., M/A Com, Raytheon, Tan- correction or so that would 
dem Computers, and a recent addi- a ^ people out of the 


don, Ericsson. 

Herbert Schober. managing di- 


market,” he warned. 

“Moreover,” he said, “if the 


rector of Sparinvest, a mutual fund economy does not react to all this 
group in Vienna that .is majority- pump-priming this should tcQ us 
owned by Girozentrale, Austria's something — perhaps that the 
second largest bank, also agrees worldwide financial condition is 
that “the way the Fed has thrown now more deflationary than disin- 
moncy at the economy should be flationary.” 



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ISM— H 




.16 5 747 

772 
93 
45 
16 

U0 U 366 
1 

564 

657 

443 

16 

50 


1*83 

35 

105 

.16 lJf- 40 
7109 
50 
76 
61 
161 
26 

t 68 

137 
81 
6998 
399 
223 

so 

2604 


31% 21ft 
22 21ft 
S9k 5ft 
12 11V 

3% IV 
16 16 
25M 2SM 
5M 5M 
2% 3ft 
13V 13V 

15V* 14% 
TV 7% 
13V 13% 
Wft 10 
WV 19 
14M U 

11 % 11 M 

H B 


ISM 9 JBRsti .16 U 9 
SM 3% Joefcoet 42 

41% 25% JoefcU* 224 

21V 14% JomWfr 15 

«V 6 % JetMort 1W 

22 % MM JorlOO .12 A 1202 
7V 3% JcfllcM I 36 
MM 6ft Jontan 2 

19 9% Juno s 151 


24ft 13V* 
•V 4V 
33 20V 

36% 131* 
17V 10V 
Wft 6 % 
61V 37% I 
41% 23V I 
•ft 4ft I 
n 7% i 
DM 13 I 
MV 4V I 
16% 9ft I 
29ft 13 I 


11V 6M 
18ft 9V 
23% 10 
1SV SV 
47V 29V 
20 % 12 ft 
18ft 11 
17 111* 

17 14 

59V 35 
32 21V 

10% 4ft 
9% 7 

4* lft 
34V 17V 
Vft 38% 
TV 4% 
20V 11V 
321* 18% 
36V 27V 
6% 4ft 
49ft 21V 
25V 20V 
33% 16V 
29 7% 


197 

IS 

J 6 19 9 

JOr 43 362 
140 

1J0 II 39 
1J0 26 29 


18ft 18V 
7V 7% 
30M 29V 
16% 16V 
11% lift 
9% 9V 
sbv a 
28V 38ft 
6M 6ft 

IV 81* 
20% 20V 
7ft 7V 
13% 13% 
Mft 14 


IBM— M 1 
7%— M 
38M + ft 
16M— M 
lift— M 
9M 

SON | 

38V 1 

6 ft 

•M— M | 
20 ft. I 

7ft ■ 

13* 

16% + ft 


22M 18% 
25 10 % 

9M 3% 
19M 12% 
48V 22ft 
19M 11% 
n* 5% 
7ft 4 
to u 
34* 25% 
15 9V 

mv a 

4V V 


OidSpfC 260 110 2 

OrwBcp J9l 16 192 
Or Line 23 

ounce na 

OprtcR • 172 

Ortwnc 5 

Orbit <28 

OrfoCp 153 

Dahmn JO U 15 
oottp zm as 77 

OvrExp 26 

OwnMl 38 1 J 41 
Oxoai 50 


21V 21* 
24% 24V 
7V 7% 
14ft 14% 
29ft 28% 
13% 13V 
6 % 6 ft 
7 4% 

15V 15* 
21V JIM 
10* TO* 


21V + ft 
14M 

29 + M 

13% + ft 
6 ft— ft 

ns— % 

15V 

JIM — ft 
10% + M 


7 

6 % 

7 

15ft 

15 

15V— V 

14 

DM 

DV— V 

18 * 

DM 

18* + M 

47 

46M 

47 + V 

19ft 

18% 

lf%— IS 

18 

17 

17ft + ft 

I5M 

15ft 

15ft 

IS* 

15* 

15* 

54* 

54 

54 

29V 

29 

29V + V 

6 % 

6 ft 

4% + ft 


72V 21% 
46% 44 
5% 5V 
19% 19ft 
32V 32V 
34 33ft 
5V 5V 
64 43ft 
73 22V 

20V 20V 
23% 21 % 


21V 

46 — ft 
5% 

19ft— M 

33V 

33V, 

5M 

44 + V 

22V— V 
20 ft 

22 % — % 


4% — V* 
lift + V 
7ft + ft 
48ft— M 
7V 
2 

23% 

0V— V 
18% + % 

14 — ft 
13ft 

19ft— V 

16V 

15V 

7% — V 
13V 4- V 
7M— M 
19% —1 
M%— ft 

15 — M 
3ft 


mb- M 
19V— V 
4 

3 — ft 

% 

17ft + % 
It — % 
31 

9% + ft 

8 

3M + ft 
17 
17V 

3%— M 
33M 

22V— ft 
18% + % 
6 % + % 
3H — ft 
4%— M 
25V 
28V 

4V— V* 
26ft— ft 
23ft + ft 
Mft + % 
23ft + V 
25 

ID* . 
7% — M 


9» 9ft 9ft— V* 
32% 31% 31V— * 
12 11 % 11 % 

7 4V 6 V— V 
5% S% 5% 

4% 4M 4M ... 
43% 43 43% +1% 


21 ft— % 
21V— 1 
S%— V 
11V 

XV— ft 
16 + ft 

25ft— M 
5V— V* 
2 % + M 
13V 

6 — * 
13ft 

2SV— % 
7 + ft 

IS 
7* 

13V + ft 
10 —ft 


IBM — M 
11 % — % 

Bft— % 



34 U 10 
132 
292 

298 89 S3 

58 

Jle 31 
193 

JO 3J 34 
2X8 18 37 

JO U 1 
5 

30 

ija &j 334 
154 
794 

.10 J 272 
4756 
3 
173 
710 

M 25 614 

31 

JB j 69 
48 
190 
7743 

192 49 Six 
IAB 2 J 10 

44 

MO U X 
.76 3J 20? 

» 

AObXT S3 


45 

J 6 1J 46 
1036 


48 19 15 

1.12 11 48 

363 

44 M M 
X 8 1J 193 
481 
256 

J16 .1 92 

XI 

48 4J 78 
9 

JO 312 
JS* 1 J 95 


1X0 42 24 

jn 5 

.16 IJ 17 
X 8 2X 440 
SIB 

JO II u 
M 1.1 9B1 
.10 J 4376 


J4 15 466 
U» 13 609 
jo i.i ra 
X4 14 73 

J4I J 56 
M 


DM 13% W%- ft 
SM 5% 5% 

33 32ft 33 — V 
10 % )|V MV + ft 
4% 4* 4V + M 
21% 21ft 21V— ft 
6 V 6 % 6 % — ft 
TV 7V 7% 

17% 17% 17V— ft 


1X4 79 96 

Jg 24 35 

JO 33 678 
210 92 6 a 
US 22 440 
94 
7 

JB 29 6 

72 

67 


5ft 1% Ocoaw 20 

17ft a Ociflai 312 

46%. -31ft Oat 1 Gb L08 24 107 

67V 39M OMoCa 280 46 13 

32% 16% OUKnt* MO 14 S 
41% S Old RPC 94 24 CT1 


7 

18V 

31 + ft 

11 % 

% 

129k + M 
13% — ft 
21 % + % 
6SV 

10M— V* 
3WS— V 
23V — ft 
2 ft— ft 
33 — V 
19% + ft 
12 % + ft 

35V +1V 
11 V 
10ft 
6 

13V + M 
15%— V 
38% + ft 
62M 
Mft 

XS%— ft 
2DM— V 
15M + M 
IMS— ft 
17* 

MS + M 

7M 

6M 

7* + % 
6% 

6V+ V 
1 ft 

21 - ft 

36V 

2»-« 
41 + V 

2 

27V,— ft 
»*— V 
12 ft + ft 
17 — * 
7V — ft 
31ft— 1% 
19ft + V 
10 

11%— ft 
33 — % 
17ft 

12 % — % 
m*— v 

61% + V 
1«M— V 


4V 4*— V* 
8 V 9M + ft 
24 24 — M 

46% 46ft— M 
171* 17V— M i 
13% 13% 

17ft 17ft— ft 
6 V SV— M 

2 % a + ft 
ft> <v— % 
6 % *V— ft 
7V 7ft + ft 
6 ft— V 
34V + V j 
•%— ft 

O — ft , 
28V + V 
2BI*— % 
lift + V 
23M 

t2V— % 
2ft — V 
12 ft 
15* 

45V— V 
44 — ft 
«*_% 

lift— V 
Mft + ft 


U? 4X J85 

’^liS 

JO 6 J 31 


467 

JM J 314 
220 65 39 

xa 26 38 

JBe X 1379 
1.12 4.1 32 

113 

.lift i.i nl* 
50o 3J 769 

i 2 

J0 28 5 . 

.92 27 392 
.12 IX 8 
13 


.12 A S' 

I 61 

216 

98 

.16 35 S 
.12 a 27 

UP 95 86 

7*4 


15ft 8ft QMS i 
9V 3ft ttaft 
32V 16V Qutfltm 
5V Zft OUMIM 
13 8 V Quixote 
13M 7V Ouotm 



16ft 

6* 

IAX Jle 

.1 

36 

7 

6* 

7 

18% 

11% 

1PM 6 54 

3J 

149 

16* 

MV 

16* + % 

16V 

•% 

!odSra 


183 

12ft 

lift 

12 — % 

M* 

6* 

lodtnT 


119 

10* 

10ft 

10* + % 

11 

6% 



60 

7* 

7* 

7*— M 

7% 

2% 



25 

4M 

4% 

4% 

33V 

19% 

iomre un 

3J 

116 

31M 

31% 

3WS— ft 

20% 

12ft 

ayEn J4 

U 

8 

19 

19 

19 

7* 


wflCr 


32 

2% 

2* 

2* 

23% 

15* 

teodno 


271 

21* 

21ft 

2Tft 

H»V 

Sft 

»cotn 


94 

Wfc 

9M 

9% + % 

35% 




10 

28 

38 


12% 

3* 



205 

lift 

lift 

11% 

7* 

5% 1 

BCVEI JO 

3J 

719 

ns 

6ft 

tM 

30% 

11 1 


J 

3 

14* 

14* 

14*—% 

Mft 

4M 1 

el lab 


3 

& 

6% 

S%— ft 

10 

7% 1 


U 

1(8 

9M 

9V— ft 

30V 

9% 1 

ipHtm 


579 

13* 

13ft 

0 % + V 

16* 

11* 1 

estrSy 


69 

15 

Mft 

14ft 

16ft 

8 

teuterl .15e IJ 

72 

8* 

8 

0 — % 

43* 

29 

evRev 1J4 

33 

56 

38 

37* 

38 — % 

15% 

9* 1 

bodes J4 

IJ 

707 

MV 

M 

14V + % 

» 

3% 1 

JtOlms 


* 

7* 

7 

7ft— V 

22V 


JcHEIs 


21ft 

21ft 

21ft 

17ft 

10ft 1 

Jval JO 

5L3 

44 

15ft 

14ft 

15ft 

33* 

24* 1 

oodSy ljo 

3S 

290 

28V 

Su 

28V + % 

16ft 

ITU 1 

obNuft J6 

A 

234 

lift 

11*— V 

U* 

Bft 1 

Bbvrn 


99 

12ft 

11%. W —ft 

MM 

16% 1 

puses Si 

24 

IM 

22* 

rrh 

22* 

13 

Aft 1 




Wft 

JS 

10* 

17% 

3ft 1 

oylRs 


M 

3ft 

3ft 

18* 

11 1 

ustPel 



16M 

15* 

16M + V 

19V 

11U 

ryanFs 


1122 

17ft 

17% 

17ft + * 


16 7* 

19V 10% 
19M 18ft 
13M 7 
23 16 

21 6ft 
44ft 29 
73 IF* 
16 TV 




2 T%— % 
22% + M 
49V— % 
5ft— ft 
** + % 
30ft 

9ft— ft 
10 — M 


2 % 2 % 2 %-fc 
I 6 M 16 ^ U — M 
45 46% 45 

61 60% 41 + M 

29% 9M 29V 
31% 31M 31%— ft 


2PM 10M 
10* 6 M 
16ft Wft 
13V ■% 

20 * 13 
9ft 5% 

a* 4 

4ft 2ft 
12M 14* 
30V 16 
11V 51* 
10 * 6 
16V 10 V 
25ft 17ft 
23 13% 

8 % 41* 

18 12V 

Mb 23ft 
39M 29V 
2B% 12 V 
14% 7ft 
ans 34 % 
16% 10 
11* 5V 
21% 9ft 
22 * 11 V 
24% 11 V 
T2M 44h 
17* 11* 
15M 10% 
24M 13V 
12V 5* 

4% 2 
54 31 

21 % 10 
18V* 6 

21 % 11 % 
29ft IBM 
27ft MM 
6 % 4 

9% 5ft 
’Sift 71% 


SAYHM 
SCI Sy 
SEI 

SFE . 10 r IX 
5RI JO 39 
Safscds JO U 
Safnca 1 J 0 4J> 
SofHIth 
Sfclu* 

SfPoL 3J0 42 
SatCPt 

StrtrtSy .12 19 
SawnF 196 16 
SBkPSs X4 2J 
SconOo 
SeonTr 

Scherer J 2 2X 
ScnicnA XO 1A 
sci sn 
SdtBX 
SeoCat 


SvcMer 

Svmtfa 

Service 

SvcFret 

SovOok 

ShrMod 

Shwmts l 

ShoRiva 

SlWdi 

Sharovs 

5henS*s 

Silicon 

SUtcons 

sjitcvw 

SHtOM 

sune 

Sbnpin 

StaPins 

Sbatar* 

Skipper 

SfflHtaL 

Society i 

SodvSv 

Softadi 

SoffwA 

SonocPs 

SonrFd 

SoHimp 

SthdFn 

Sautnt 

Sovran 

Sovrans 


Wft w 
15V 14% 
18* 1BV 

ns tv 

20 % 20 ft 
20 % 20 % 
40M 40 
19V 19 
ISM IS 
72% 71% 
5M 5V 
6 V 6 
48ft 47* 
20ft 30 
7ft 7ft 
16 15* 

lift 13% 
25 24ft 
BM 8 M 
13* 12V 
5M SM 
7% 7 
2M 2* 
2 * 2 % 
19% ins 
7% 7ft 
8 % 8 M 
14% 14ft 
20 * 20 ft 
19% 19 
. 4% 4* 
17ft 17% 
32ft 30% 
37% 37ft 
19 10% 

10% 9% 
27% 27V 
11 * 11 % 
6 % 5% 

11 % 11 % 
I 6 M 16 
20 ft TO 
5ft 5M 
M 15% 
13% 13ft 
16% 16 
9% 9ft 
2 % 2 ft 
46% 45 
19% U% 
TV* 9ft 
15% 15% 
2 SM 70 
19% 19% 
« 4ft 
20* 34% 

ins in* 
6 * 6 % 
29ft 79 


8% Snecdv 
8 * Suction 
5% SnacCH 
3ft SlarSrs 
5 StaJBkl 
19* Standvs 


337 

22 

J 6 9 64 

163 

J0 29 113 


17 16* 17 

23* 23V 23* — ft 
«* 6 ft 6 % + ft 
SV 4% 5% + V 
7V 7ft 7ft— ft 
28M 27* 28M + * 


34* 

11V SMNUC 
If StanlWB 



318 

14* 

14 

14%—% 

27 

TJO 

5X 

4 

22 * 

22 % 

22 % 

34V 




B 

30ft 

30* 

30ft 

6 M 

.15b 14 

22 

4ft 

4* 

4ft— V 

7ft 

4ft Statoar 



1426 

4ft 

4% 

4% — % 

HIM 

IBM StewStv 



87 

16ft 

16V 

16V— % 



J 2 

11 

1 

23ft 

23ft 

23M— ft 

Bft 

5% Stifel 


186 

4% 

6 ft 

AM- % 

IBM 




1468 

10 

17ft 

17ft— ft 
33ft— % 

3BM 

26* StrwCI* 

J 6 

23 

54 

34V 

33M 


30ft + ft 
45V + V 
13*— ft 
13%— ft 

’£-% 

12* + M 

IT*— ft 
lift 
17ft +1 

ra* + 1 * 

33 + V 

9* + ft 
33* 

36%— ft 
13%— ft 
27ft— V 
«*— ft 
9ft + V 
15ft— ft 
2 ft + ft 
25ft— V 

21 * + % 

33% 33*— V 

13V* 13ft— ft 
22ft 22ft— ft 
2ft 2ft 

lift— % 
IBM— ft ! 
32 

7V— M 
4 — ft 
10 %— ft 
57 + ft 

11*— ft 
4% 

38*— V : 
12 ft i 
17* — ft 
7ft + ft 
23ft + ft 


lev loss to* — vs 

9% 8% 9 — ft 
22V 22 22 —ft 

ns 4ft 4ft + ft 
12 % 12 12 % + % 
10% 10 10ft 


itft Stryker 
97 Subaru 
36V Subra 
2 ft Summd 
7 SwntHI 
% SunCst 
6 ft SunMad 
9* visykes 
6 % SymbT 
6 M Synfech 
2 ft Svntrex 
lift Sytcon 
14M SyAaac 
3ft Syrtln 
6 * Syslnta 

6 ft SvstGn 
12* Syshnt 


25ft 13 
7ft 4% 
28% 13ft 
8% 4 

10ft 5% 
22 11 
34V 18* 
12% BM 
25ft 13ft 
28* 13 
5% 1% 

20 73 

17ft 9ft 
12% 4ft 
15* Bft 
17ft Bft 
ST* 29V 
14ft 6* 
29ft TV* 
16 6ft 
14 8M 
3* M 
17% 8 
33 lift 
12ft 6M 
30% 22 ft 


TCACb -12 

TocVtvs 

Tandem 

Tendon 

TcGom 
Tetco 
TlcmA I 

TolPius 
Tolacrd JJ 
Taiaptct 
TatvM 
Tetote 
Tetxun ■ 
TermOt I 

flier Pr 
Thrmds 
TTudNI UO 
Tharlec 
TltaiTr 
TimeEn 
"nieFtt 
llprary 
Jotus 
TerttSr 

TrladSv 
TnisJo X0 


26% lift 
24V 15ft 
20M 5 

23ft 10* 
1 12% 7* 
29V 14% 
SZft 20 % 
25% 17% 
11% 7% 
20ft 19 
II 6 
22% 11% 
17* 7* 
13ft 7% 
5% 2 % 
32 21% 

4% 1% 

7 2M 
33* 11* 
5ft 3% 
27ft W% 
37ft 2SV 
26ft 17V 
24ft 14% 
48V 29% 
22 12 * 
20V* 9* 

13 5* 

6M 316 


USLIC8 

UTL 

Ultra* 

UlUJDUl 

UnHI 

UnPhtr 

UnTBcs 

UACms 

UBAttk 

UBCul 

UFnCrp 

UFStFtf 

UOrdn 

UPresd 

US Ant 

USBCP 

US Cap 

US Dean 

USHCs 

US Shit 

U55ur 

US Tie 

UStatn 

UnTeJev 

UVaBs 

UnvFm 

UnvHK 

UFSBk 

UeCafe 


JO 35 401 
0 

J 6 e A 359 
357 
431 

1J91 3J 22 
1J0 3J ID 
J 6 J 265 
-15r 1 J 52 
1J8 4.1 19 

114 

164*107 MS 
A 
392 

1J» 3J ' 26 
10 
534 

JB J 1959 
.12 11 *4 

J0e IX 253 
190 3J 2095 
90 1J 24 
102 

lJi 18 139 
414 
992 
114 

Jle 4.1 M 


W6- V 
14% — % 
lift— V 
7% + ft 
2 Bft 
20 % 

48 

19V + V 
15V— H 
72 
SV* 

6 % 

48V + V 
20 ft + ft 
7% 

15* 

13ft— % 
24*— ft 
8 %— ft 
Wft + V 
5%— V 
7ft— V 
2M 

2 V — ft 
19% + * 
TV* + M 
8 M 

MM— % 
20 ft— ft 
19 — ft 
«- ft 
17% 

30%— IV 
37% + M 
19 

10 ft— * 
27%—% 
11* 

Aft— ft 
11V— ft 
16 + % 
20 ft— % 
5% 

15% — ft 
13* + * 
M + M . 
9ft + % 
2M + ft 

45*—* 
19 + ft 
9ft— % 
15ft— ft 
ttft 

19V— % 
6ft 
24V 

ins 

4%— ft 
29% — ft 


4* VLI 
7* VLSI 
6* VMX 

7 VSE .16* IJ 

Aft VelldLB 
7* VOIFSL 
26 ValNtl 120 39 

19* VaILn XO 19 

liv VanDus X0 29 

5* Vanzetl 
2* Ventre* 

12V VTcore J9e x 
BM VledeFr 22* 29 
9ft Vlkino 
13* Vtratek 
6* Vodavl 
14V Vaitlitf 


19V WD40 
10 WoHjC* 
SM WUcrTel 
14ft WshE 
11% WFSLl 
?V WMSB 
SV Wavetk 
11 V Webb 
Aft WimlFn 
5V WstFSL 
5* WMIcTc 
4% WITIA * 
15ft WmorC 
5 VVBtwCs 
21 ft WMtra 

2% Wlcat 

4% widcem 
28ft Wlltmt 
7% WillAL 
5ft WHbiF 
4 WkKfenr 
2ft WtanEti 
lift ftisaro 
11% WMdhd 
21 ft Wortha 
ns writer 

21* Wyman 


10 % 1% xebec 
13* 5* XKflr 
17* 10% xida* 


21% 14% YiewFs 64 17 315 


30ft SV Zen Lb & 4173 

n* 10ft Ziegler XBo 3J 60 

40* 30ft ZfonUt 196 3J 506 

7M 2V Zita I 3 

12* 3% Ztvod 11 

15% 6ft Zotidwn JW J 193 


33V 32* 33 
170 168* 169ft— ft 
64* 64 *4* + ft 

2% 2* 2* 

"v! *» Wzff 

Tt ’£ V 

,10ft 10- ID + ft 
IS Wft 12ft— « 
3M 3ft 3* + ft 
18ft 18 18ft + ft 
15 M* 15 
5% 5* SM— ft 
11 10* 10*— % 
lift 11* 11* + ft 
Btft MV 24ft 


23 22% 

5 4* 

14% M 
4M 3% 
10 ft 10 V 
13ft Wft 
33* 33V 
9% 9M 
30% 30ft 
26 25* 

2 M 2 
16% 16% 
16V 15* 
5 5 

9* 9* 
16M 15ft 
50V 50ft 
.TV 7 
10 9% 

Oft 7% 

12ft 11 
22 X 
8* 8% 
24% 24ft 


23% 22% 
21ft 21ft 
9% 9% 
15* 15ft 
12% 12% 
29 29 

49* 4V% 
24 23V 

18% 10 % 
28ft 26% 
7M 7ft 
17* 17ft 
12ft 12 
U 11 „ 
5 4% 

28% 28 
3ft 2% 
3% 3ft 
24* 24 
4V 4% 

19% 19ft 

20 % 20 % 
23* 23* 
42% 42% 
18ft 18% 
15% 15ft 
11 * 11 
5M 5 


6% 5ft 
12 % 11 % 
5% 5* 

9% 9 

8 7ft 
22 % 21 % 
38% 38ft 
21 20 * 
18ft 17* 
6 5* 

5 ns 
23% 23% 
9* 9ft 
■12* 12V 
IS Mft 
Bft B* 
19* 18ft 


22 % — ft 
4%— ft 
Mft— ft 

10ft + M 
13V— ft 
33* + V 

2 ?% + % 
2 ne + % 

J6M— M 
14 + V 

5 

Mfc— ft 
15% + ft 
50* + M 
7 — ft 
9% — V 
8 * + ft 

%=i 

lift— 1 % 
32 +lft 
8 * + V 
24% + ft 


23 

21V— M 
9*— ft 
15ft 

Wft-ft 

49%— % 
23ft + ft 
10% 

24ft + M 
.7% + ft 
17ft 

12 —ft 

" 4 %- ft 

3ft + ft 

24 — % 
4% + ft 
19% — Mr 
36 

20% 

23* 

42ft 

IBM — M 
15* 

11 — M 

5* 


4 — M 
W 
5* 

9% 

7ft— % 
21% + M 

ans + ft 
21 

18ft + % 
wt+ ft 

«.±a 

14*— % 
Bft 

18ft— 1 


19% 19* 

13 13% + ft 

10 % 10 ft— % 
21ft 21ft— ft 
Mft 24ft + M 
14ft 14ft— ft 
6* 6%— M 
12% 12% 

16% 16% — ft 
16ft lift 
7* 7* 

13% 13% 

17ft 17ft 
lift lift 
31% 31* — % 
4% 4% — % 
8ft Bft— ft 
44* 65 + ft 

13 ft ins— % 

5% SJS— ft 

a 

16ft 16% + ft 
17% 12% 

27% 27% + ft 
8 8 — % 
23* 23% 


2* 2ft 2% + *i 
8 % 7% 8 —ft 

13ft 12* 12% 


TOM 19% 19% — % 


MM 21* 2*6—1* 
Wft Wft 12ft 
37 36% 37 + % 

2% 2% 7ft — % 
6% 6% 6% 

13ft 12% 12% — % 










Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDA Y, SEPTEMBER 5,1985 


■ 


[2 13 |4 


F T® F }a 


1 9 ho <11 1 12 


PEANUTS 


N0.MAAM./W5!5TKANP THE COMPUTER sM? NQMAAM..I NEVER.' 

I PlPN*T RIDE THE SCHOOL UJE U)£KE ON THE 3U5 ? ©JTO^TJEWSJECAUSE KNOW UlHtfTS 601N6 ON, 
BUS THIS M0fcNlN6_.N0, NO, MA'AM. WE UJALKEP.. ^ WHE NEVER ON BTHKJt JUST SIT HERE 

MA’AM, WE WALKH7... -w-sr- THE BUS..UJE WALKED.. . 


books 


|26 127 128 


134 [36 I3» |37 



QUINX: Or The Ripper’s Tale 

By Lawrence DurreU 201 pages. $15.95. 

" . . .. ... .. «' V.J 




40 West 23d Street, New York, Eventi toe wtiar*; 


BLONDIE 


VMKTS JfjP TAMALES 
THE ‘X RANCHEBOS 
SPECIAL? 


HOV/D YOU LEARN 
TO MAKE THAT ? 


^ ITS AN OLD rii 
WAILVSBOSr 


5* - AMP THE OLDFAMILY HI 
r I SECRET S OPEN/NS /, 
~r I CANS IN THE 

5 


m y. looio. . 

Reviewed by Joseph Caruso . 

R EADERS of the four previous novels of 
“The Avignon Quinter will be conyefled 
to go on to “Quinx," which completes what 
Lawrence DurreU rails his quincunx, an ar- 
rangement of five -objects so placed that four 
occupy the comers and the fifth the center. 
Durrefl’s admirers should prepare — after the 
fairly straightforward narratives of “Mon- 
sieur” “livuL* “Constance” and “Sebastian” 


ACROSS 
1 The cat’s 


5 Fictional 
captain 

9 “The 

Hurrah”: 

O’Connor 

13 Concede 

15 Cheers fora 
matador 

16 Latch follower 

17 Writer SL 
Johns 

18 Hermes was 
one 


20 He makes a hit 

22 Silvery 

23 Call (quit) 

25 Certain hair 
styles 

26 Lodestone 
29 Distaff 

pronoun in 
Tours 

31 Faulty 

32 Grey of 
western fiction 

34 Dearth 

38 Microbe 

39 Seed part 

40 Legal right 

41 Shade of blue: 
COmb. form 

42" Dinka 

Doo" 

43 Agnes deMiUe 
ballet 

44 Tipped off an 
actor 


48 Advice 
ascribed to 
’Greeley 

47 Highway to 
Fairbanks 

50 as gold 

53 with (get 

rid of) 

55 Commodity 
dealer 

59 Shared a room 

61 Ancient 
Ireland 

62 Chimney, in 
Cottbuss 

63 Theorbo 
relative 

64 Draw forth 

65 Word with skin 
or bound 

66 Red-ink 
significance 

67 Be zetetic 


DOWN 


1 Elizabeth II, to 
Thatcher 

2 Benito’s 
daughter 

3 Hebrew dry 
measure 

4AW.C. Fields 
role 

5 Wanderer 

6 Actress 
Verdugo 


7 Month, in 
Malaga 

8 Bones 

9AGary Cooper 
role 


9/5/85 

10 Deadly sin 

11 Kind of pool 

12 Legal wrongs 
14 These are not 

to be disputed 
19 Of a period 

21 Welcome 

24 Quidnunc of a 
sort 

26 Melchior etal. 

27 Kind of comer 

28 Enclose 

30 What clover 
may cover 

32 Part of an 

- Anthony Hope 
title 

33 Interrogate 

35 Candy striper 

38 Poorish grades 
37 Sheepshank or 

bowline 

39 Fasten 

43 Mays in 1951 

45 Single 

46 Upper Indus 
tribesman 

47 Supplemen- 
tary 

48 At liberty 

49 Bring about 

51 Jan of S. Africa 

52 Dehisces 
54 Island off 

Scotland 

56 Test choice 

57 Suffix with 
infer 

58 Emit offensive 
fumes 

60 Pair 


ml ®BL%; 


BEETLE BAILEY 


iwij auoigimiH w<uu uoiiautw w* 

sieur,” “Lwia,** “Constance” and “Sebastian” 
— for an exuberant potpourri of conflicting 

t hemey and i nmHtM, omens of characters and 
a plot that bunds to what is, finally, an tocon- 
dusve end. Those who have not read the four 
previous novels probably need to do so. 

Like his 25-ycar-okl Alexandria Quartet,” 
“The Avjgnon Quintet” displays Dunell's art- 
: istry — aswdl as Ms preoccupation with the 


MISS BUXLEV/ 
IF ANYONE 1 
CALLS, TELL 
THEM 


VES, * THIS IS 

SIR i Mf^S.HALPTRACK.f 

s. . ! r'P LIKE TO \ 

" I TALKTDMV 

f HUSBAbiP At 


SORRY, H&5 
HOME SICK 


A Uv /Wl^LLUU ^iimirri UUplOJO MUllVU a •*** 

istry — as wdl as Ms preoccupation with the 
sexual act and its relation to unattainable love, 
apreoccnpation that goes back 50 years to 

“Toe Blade Book.” Bui even with the other mates a jc*e out «i u« •“—e- — - -= 

four novels framing it, “Quinx” is frustrating, seriously for K400 pages. Just when the Tem^.- 
The quintet’s plot has best usurped almost ^ t^sore becomes as fascinating as it is 
entires by abstract nmsings about how to * Blanford transforms any discovery into ?- • 
make The Novel the abstract “thought that if ever he wrote, the... 

These speculations seem no more integrated scerM , ^ & y : *it was at this preose . 

with the narrative for having been shoved into momcm that reality prime rushed to the aidof 

the mouths of Aubrey Blanfcnd and Robin r] _ tion ^ ^ totally unpredictable begaa-to . 
Sutcliffe, two novelist characters who create p | qty [' « 

one another, each the other’s doppetgQnger. j>£?ril seems most of all to be exploring the.;. 

(Who created whom becomes intentionally un- idea of the Novel here. But he fails todosoby: “ 1 

dear.) Hereis Blanf ord, repeating “to his own weanS ^ ^ character. As Constance : 

I, dream of writing of an unbearable . individual than previously inlhe qum-. is?:#-' 
febaty. 1 want' to saturate my text with my tet — is to explain: “We exist in five-"/.. 
tdeological.distiess yet guard its slapstick hob- skan da form, aggregates, pareds, tots,conge-- : ;:- 

ness ^remethmgprKaous. To pierce the btb- rie& TWcoho^olSahumanbdwvaida ^ i 

g ^ den ?, an 4 distn ^ ^ ““il P“* yon cS together and create the old fotce- :.^,- 
wSiespmiefl Bad aetda^f done m “Qmnx mrinx, tSw-sided being.” She has been ^ - 

some of the provocative thmgs Ms character n^rmouthpiece. as hmrerhe other charao-. V-- 7 
novAst should dq^. ^Anyontm “Quinx” conld have said Offl- .. 

? quintet jots to an gtauce's^OTneariy anyone dse’s, lines because,; / . 

kadsa long ^ ^ /0 kes are sunflar; whm they ^ 

■as^'sssssass^'--' 


bon about hw d«d ' 

r^ofLorf SSSm-:; 

Britain not P rosccu f hj ^ : 5 W cS» 
FinitUv tl« treasure within rracn, uxetara^. . 

SdfiLfori tentatively 

one another. Constance s >, •; 

lent and salacious affairs, spreao imwg»»*^ ... 
S aSftet, daily fern wii the WtyprthK^ 

search for hidden treasure. __ - ^ 
Throughout the quintet, Etardl uses ™ . ; _- 

Ttanpiar plot mainly to fuel ... 

relationsl^ be ddighis ■ 

ploys the scheme of ' 

SkV novels withmhisnovdOT of to vagi, y 
itsdf. But in “Quinx” the pitlzncS 
inmortance fades. The once subtie narrow' , , 
Squ« .grow otownjad ^.£ 5 * 


prl 


W- ..K J - 
' >£<'- , 

i>n * . 1 !' 


1 r 


■.*L an' 


teemuques grow uuuu*** “ J’. 

Sa joke out of the very 

seriously for K400 pages. Just wben the Tem-^. 


f 


mat e ineXVOVeL 

These speculations seem no more integrated 
with the narrative for having been shoved into 
the mouths of Anbrey Blanf ord and Robin 
Sutdiffe, two novelist characters who create 
one another, each the other's doppelgOnger. 
(Who created whom becomes ihtentkraajly un- 
clear.) Here is Blanf ord, repeating “to his own 
mind, ‘I, dream of writing of an unbearable 


°i-S 


ANDY CAPP 


s: 


( TNEV teDO INg 
L TMEWE934AH* . 
> AT THE -4$ 
"BOBU3HHAU. . 


>OU MUST. 


TO TEA I'LL l-WVE 

>■ HB?ON q, 

MV OWN 1 rs2P4 


T*V £ MADE WHAN 


VONOHLPE 

>0 


© New York Tunes, edited by Eugene Maleska. 


WIZARD of ID 

f Wva(TW)&f&*- 
M&Oti A T^lP? 


DENNIS THE MENACE 





js mrwffemcevoes 
JW nsHA&wn&&mAm 

& Kr~ar- 


.whti vulr you ev^sgNP 

MeO*ATfi\?? 


are not Sumter, they are the samei : '■ 

The writer is a de^xA in “Qmnx,” Narratist 
technique, plotted through characters whoseeL 


W- 

ijbs< 

|S J 4'r s 

1 55i K ’’ V; 
.la**?®!*! 

-I 

! 

1 Sus 


REX MORGAN 



Constance, a central figure whose actions 
are the most mtriguingly detailed, exemplifies 
die connection. Ho" husband Sam dies m the 
wax. In Nazi-occupied France, she has an affair 
with Prince Affaa, also known as Sebastian, a 
.member of a Gnostic colt that seeks the trea- 


ini IU1II IC- yuui/. pVMWJW MOV**- v» * 

flat assertions than il does of ins elegant art'";- 1 - 
- The subtitle is “The Ripper's Tale,” amL 
DumJl slashes his characters into shred*, of : 
frivolous dialogue about what a grand writcx’ ;; 
can Or should do, instead of doing it famudf.':'^. 
He has his laughs and loses his story. . ■ • ™ : 


Sohition to Previous Puzzie 


Joseph Cantso, a Washington wrker, wrote ■ 
Bus review for The Washington PqiL. _ r ,l. 


teftfKsi t be 
mi flj s£29 £ 

^sIT-vaar-’-;. 

inland 

; 18110 “;-^. 

: 'w^Hirta: 

• B*r'te; fccer* 


EIGHT NOW, I DON’T 
KNOW IF YOU'RE ADDICTED TD ANY 
DRUG—BLIT 1 SUSPECT THAT COCAINE 
WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ATTACK YOU 
HAD/ I WANT YOU TO STAY IN THE 

Hospital for additional studies t 


•Ano HE CALLS THIS HIS GOOD 





THAT SCHAMBL£D WORQ GAME 
« by Hand Arnold and Bab Lae 


Unscramble these four Jumbles, 
one letter to each square, to tam 
tour ordinary words. 



Now arrange the dmled tetters to 

form the surprise answer, as suo- 
9«sted by the above cartoon. 


Answer here: FROM A 


Yesterday’s 


(Answers tomorrow) 

Jumbles: EJECT SAVOR CIPHER PARISH 

Answer Sounds like a fish Who thinks he’s e bird— 
A PERCH ON A PERCH 


WEATHER 






























'^;^rvv:‘ . 







* 


■O’ 

0^ 

sf, 

0> 

.If 

reJ 


:y 

iio* 

ke 5 

i 

jjifl 

1 & 5 . 


■S"' 


. p 

;J“- 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 


SPORTS 



Page 19 


Connop, With Old Touch, Beats Edberg in 4 Sets; 

U.S. Open Semis 15 th Straight Year 



- By John Feinscein 

1 - .1 * '«*&*&<»' PocSernc* ■ 

>r NEW YORK - For Jay Beracr 

tobochenshod even m defeat. For 
2&0iz Gunthardt, it was a day to 
g^sh * gntty victory. For Chris 
Eyeyt Lloyd and Hana MandUkova 
rt^as a day at the office — as 


prototype young player, fluid, 
graceful — -all the shots. Connors is 
33, can’t serve thin hard ought 
to know better than to rfrwifr he can 
heat such kids. 

“If I'm still beating people out 
here when Fm‘48, then something 
is definitely wrong," Connors sahl! 


is&iaiS? Aiffif — ffise 

player at yet anoth- thardt in the quartafinals. But he 
teems tournament. — — 


JerUSL 


French Open and at Wimbledon, is 
the most eccentric player in the 
game today. For two sets, it was 
self-destruct, bat then the other Le- 
conte showed up. He broke Gun- 
thank in the eighth game of the 
third set with a chillingly superb 
sequence. First, a running topspin 
forehand down the fine. Then a 
rocket backhand return. Then a 
pickup volley and a crunching 
overhead. Finally, a running fore- 
hand for the game. 

That set the tone for the rest of 
the match. Gunthardt, normally 
rather placid, got caught up in it, 
stoking a little himself and hitting 
some great shots. In the fourth set, 
he saved one break point with a 
lunging volley, then cracked a 
backhand crosscoart and closed 


applauded. As the men walked to 
their chairs, Leconte playfully 
swiped at Gun thank's racket. The 
crowd cheered both. 


"rr »“*- . can still will hi m self throueh a 

match like Tuesday’s. 

’ ^P-secd-- After the two split sets, Edberg 

als scrve the first game or the 

- a ^straight year third, when Connors ran down a 

n^r^5Ltp-?i v,c ^ iyover forehand butnettedit. So there was — — — . 

Sr^T* . JK-Ohde-Kil^h. She .was the ldd, having just broken the old - the game with a reach volley. 
ESSSiir y “X** second- man, with a world of momentum. : Leconte, having thrown his rack- 

- KcacatNavratxiova, who swept into And the old man broke back. He el at the last winner, stopped and 

toe- semis with a 6-2, 6-3 victory hit one of those screeching back- 
over No. 6 Zma Garrison. hand retnrns he invoked in 1890 

•/The.- day's most lemadcable ten- and then a forehand pay* that the 
nia was played by Gunthardt »nd kid could only lunge at: 1-alL 

^ dnded for From there, the match belonged 
10 Connors. He lobbed superbly, 
for constantly frustrating Edbeag with 
■ v a Vf ( l5: 6 5’ H ^ 6-3 victoiy. balls just inside the baseline. A Job 
SLA* y revesting tennis came got Connors the break he needed in 
'■ “®m Dcr&x and Yannick Noah, the third seL Edberg the 

&Tgor, an 18-year-old a m a teu r, ball down but his desperate back- 
play eda great first set, Then he hand flew wide. After Connors 
realized where he was and lost, 6-7 
(5-7), 6-2, 6-3, 6-1. “Host to Yan- 


saved five break pants to win the 

- . « , - set, he got a quick break in the 

nick Noah, said Berger. “Whal am fourth and served out the matrli 
I going to do, slam my racket?" “I’ve been in a slump for a while, 

Its most surprising tennis came but I thin if r® coming out of it,” 
from Mandlikova, who joined said Connor^ who has not won a 
- Evert with a 7-6 (7-4), 7-5 victory tour nament in 1985. “But I'm play- 
oyer Helena Sokova by playing mg better now, moving better, fnt- 
with the kind of consistency and ting the h*n better. The thing Pm 
determination that has eluded her proudest of over the year is the way 
throughout ho- erratic career. Tve played here." 

■ -And iU strangest tnwii* came at Bat this is, after all, his spot, 
night. Lendl playing the first set Wimbledon has charm and tradi- 
against 17-year-old Jaime Yzaga as tion, but dusk here, with the sun 
if -ill a coma before tbe 5-fOOt-5, mltin g rinwn t1w» rhn rtf the atarimm 
135-pound (1 -65-meter, 61.2-kilo- a gpirutf the Manhattan skyline, is 
gram) Peruvian wilted and Lendl matchless. And no one has played 
went on. to a 4-6, 6-3, 6-4, 6-0 vie- better or won more against that 
lory. Lendl gets Noah next backdrop — a men's record 76 U.S. 

'jjt But Tuesday's story was Con- Open matches — than Connors. 
3 nors. He beat 19-year-old Stefan As for Tue-jday’s other winners, 
Edberg, 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 6-4, in just the most deserving was Gunthardt 
under three hours. Edberg is the Leconte, a quartexfmalist at the 


After Leconte won tbe fourth set 
with a flurry .of winners, he imme- 
diately brake Gunthardt to start 
(he fifth and had another break 
point while leading, 2-0. The un- 
derrated Gunthardt who also 
gained the quarters at Wimbledon, 
changed up on bis serve on that 
point; Leconte got a slow ball, 
which he netted. 

The match then swung for good. 
Gunthardt never lost another point 
on his serve: Leconte began miss- 
ing. Those two were a class act; so 
were Evert and Mandlikova. 

After disastrous grand slam per- 
formances in the French Open and 
Wimbledon, Mandlikova has not 
lost a set here 

Finally, Evert. Fifteen opens, 15 
semifinals. "This was a good, tough 
match for me,” she said after beat- 
ing Kohde-KIIsch. You beL Twen- 
ty yean from now, when she and 
Connors are soil playing in this 
tournament, shell undoubtedly be 
saying the same thing. 



■Mtart-UMad Si Wm diaid 


Connors: I’m still beating people here when Fin 48 ... * 




Tennis 

i 

Baseball 

Football 


U.S. Open Results Tuesday’s line Scores NFL 1984: The National Football Conference 


WOMEN NATIONAL. LEAGUE 

Q uur tarttao l s Hondo* iHHtMl-tn 3: - 

Chris Evrrt Lloyd n). UA. def. Ooutfia . CWcaao . H2 lMTfl M M 1 x-WaZMnalmi 

KaM»-KI|m, (Si; tMMf OsrmanK.^a AX '• Ha affi cod b MBMs (71. DipUta P)*D. Smith y*M.Y, Gtanix 
U tur Ut i a Nwru ffl oua t3),ti^,M.ItnaGar~ C») ond Bortov/ Trwrf, Board (7), Fnafer (*?* 


rtaonTO, UATfra^S. 

mbh :• . 

• poorta Round ' 

Holm Gtmtturdb Swttzertaod. dot. Henri - 
Leconte, France, 7-4 pst, MX S4. **. M: 

Jlimny Connors (4). U^doLSMoaEcBm 
tn), 5wmd*n. 6-L 3L M. 6-i. 

I von- Lendl (3). Crecboatorofclo, i M. Jaime 
YUwn. PtnvM.W.W.44 

P— ht» Qo m t erOisiH 
MUur DePnlmer, US* and Oorv Donnalty. 
UA.ctof. Krvtn Curran. UA*ona Johan Krtofc 
UA. 4-1. 7A (7-3). 4-6. 7-i (7-2J. 

Yamtlc* Noah and Honrl Locnnto. Franco. 
\ttef. Andv Kohttxm UJ* and Rofeort Vom 
•Hof. UA. M CM), 4-6. S7. 74 17-3>, 7-6 (9-7>. 


Transition 


KANSAS Cl TY-«Bnod Omor Moranw owf- 
HeMor, tor the remainder at the mom. 

NEW YORK noc oH ad Henrr Cotta, wt- 
fletdsr. from CNumtws of the Interaatlomd 


OAKLAND— Fined catcher Mike Heath 
SUMO tor not rvnnlna out a onxmd ball In 
Sunday's nimmM Detroit. 
TORONTO— Activated Jim Clancy, idteto- 


PITTSaURGH — Recoiled Mill* Bletoefcl 
and Rcry Krawavk. pttehere. from Hawna of 
the PocHtc coast Leastia. 

STJjOUIS— Sinned Douo Batr, attcher. 
BASKETBALL 


L. Smith (Wlandj. Davie. W— a*mlth,8-t 
b— Frmler.74.HRe— CMamMatthnn TO. 
Moreland (11), Scndbers -TO). 

Attmrta MHtH-l i .• 

Pttttbun* see eee ooe— e s 9 

jehneen. Smith (71. Sutter TO and Benedict. 
Cerene (7); DeLeon and Pena. W— Johnson, J- 
CL L— OeLron, 3-16. Sv— Sutter TO). 
PhDadeipUb ne m on *m »-» w % 
San Fraadeco MteMMlOlM 9 • 
HadsoaTekutve m. Carman (M). Shioan- 
ofi UW.ToUwer (U) and VlrvUi Hammaher. 
Williams TO. Davis TO. Garretts HO). Minton 
aJl and Note*. Trevino C »). W— SWpanoft, J- 
A LMWnhin. ML Sir— Toliver m. HRe-PML 
Maddox n>, Sdmtdt 124), vinjit ns). 
ctedenaN an eee ne— « w a 

st Loafs an sm am-* 12 0 

TBata, Buctwixm (4). Hume TO. Franco (71, 
Robinson TO and Diaz. Bifardel to (7), Van 
Carder TO; Fondt Harlan (7), Warren (7). 
Daytev (7). LchM (7) and Porter, Nieto TO. 
W— Lahti 3-2. L— Hume, 24. HR— SL Louis, 
Von Slrto (IS). ■ 

-Hew York MO 210 en-i 11 t 

Sue Mono Meow iio-i • a 

Auullsni, Orosco (7) and Carter; Draveckv, 
. DeLeon (5). Laflerts (6), Booker (I) and Ken- 
nedy. w Agui lera, 7-& L — Draveckv, 1WI 
HRs H e w York, Carter 3 (21), Strawberry 
(22). San Dtoan. Martinez (17), Kennedy (10), 
Garvey (17). 

Montreal Mt ON 010-a « 1 

Las Aneeles HO Ml Mn-4 ■ 0 

Smith. Laskov (4), O'Connor (6). Robsrae 
(7), Lucas TO and FHzserald. Butera TO; 
HersMser and Sdasda. w— HershHor, 140. 
L— Smith. ISA HR— Lot Angeles. Guerrero 
TO). 


SL Louis 
■Dallas 
PWdcMMiia 

x-CMcaao 
Green Bay 
Tamaa Bay 
Detroit 
Minnesota 

x-San Fran cac 
y-LA. Rams 
New Orleans 
Atlanta 


FINAL STANDINGS 
Bast 
11 5 

9. St' 

9. 7 
-9:7- 
4 9. 

Centra) 

10 A 


.CA-Ttams 5006 M64 

■ 'Minnesota- 4716 1044 

JW 426 310 PMjqdftlehla we 1338 

Jdt 299 .Air.' . ' TEAM DEFENSE 


2142 

2872 

3360 


6 10 
4 11 

3 13 
West 
15 I 
10 6 

7 9 

4 12 


A63 4B- 345 
A63'308 300 £,caicdad "" 
■406 278 320 -New Orleans 
I Dqftos. . 

JC5 325 24* SC UiulS 
A# 3W -209 ■ 'San Frandsco 
JS75 335 V N.Y. GlontS 


JM an 
.warn 4M 

.939 47S 227 
423 346 316 
438 290 361 
.250 281 382 


fxcUnched dMtlon title) 
|y-cJJnched wildcard playoff berth) 


Philadelphia 
LA- Rama 
Atlanta 
■Green Bay 
Detroit 

WMhlnaion 
Tampa Bay 
Minnesota 


Sat Francisco 
St. Louis 
Green Bav 
Chicago 
woshlnston 
Tamna Bay 
Dallas 
Detroit 
N.Y. Giants 
Atlanta 

New Orleans 


TEAM OFFENSE 

Yards Rush 
63M 2465 
6343 2088 
5449 2019 
5437 2965 
5350 2274 
532! 1776 
5320 1714 
53W 3017 
5292 1668 
5066 1994 
5000 2171 


POM 

3901 

4257 

3430 

2472 

3076 

3545 

3606 

3301 

3632 

3050 

2837 


Dickerson, Rams 
Rlaslns. wash. 
Rtoos. AIL 
Wilder, TA. 
Green. StJ_ 
Mitchell. &I.L. 
Payton, ChL 
Solomon. LF. 
Crala. SLF, 
Coffman. GJ. 
Quick. PHIL 
TVIer, S.F. 


Yards Rush PoM 
3861 1377 2486 

4914 2661 2453 

5036 2226 2810 
SOM 1923 3171 

5176 1795 3301 

5193 1018 3375 

5239 2189 3050 

5266 1600 3666 

5279 2153 3126 

5291 2145 3146 

5319 1799 3S2fl 
5361 1509 9772 

5474 2233 3241 

4352 2573 3779 
SCORING 
Touchdown 

to Rush ROC Ret Ptl 
14 14 0 0 M 

14 14 0 0 04 

13 13 0 0 70 

13 13 0 0 78 

12 8 12 0 72 

11 9 2 0 66 

11 11 8 O 66 

11 1 ID 0 66 

10 7 1 O 68 

9 8 9 0 54 

9 8 9 0 54 

9 7 2 0 54 


CFL Leaders 


KUklM 

BAT 


BOSTON— Traded Qtfnn Buckner, word, 
to Indiana tor a second-round draft selection 
to be chosen before 1998- 
CLEVELANO— Released Leonard MHcn- 
eH, forward, end Mark Darts. RkStle Johnsoa. 
and Buz* Peters e n, wants. - 
hew JERSEY— Stoned MidMatRavfHch- 
onboa word, to a irrofh year contract. 

'» FOOTBALL 

T CfhJdffMVfl I NHOiBB 

CHICAGO — Placed Pet Ounemons. Wont 
end an. the Mend naenm Hst. Re-stoned 
Henry WaecMar, defensive tartda. 

DETROIT— Stoned James MeDonafct Hoh» 
and. Waived Cart Bland, wtdo reeelyor. 
GREEN BAY— Waived David Vereer. wMe 

retsdvw^xIGoryHetfWKsnuafhmsl yetnckle . 

LA. RAMS— VWwed James McOonam. 

ttotdend.andM)etiCHlHimitor,wtrarecidvar. 

Ptaood Chuck Scott, wide rscatoer^sad Puvat 

Lowe, euant on Murad rasarva. ■ 

SEATTL E W aived Jim Zero . wiw; 
back; Chuck Bultor, IlnebOcker: Jtawiy »*- 

terttt, punter; Ptno«4anut»ro. nme tackle, ana 

Paul SkonsL wide racotoar. 

TAMPA BAY— Waived JaekTTmirwmr 

quarterback; Beasley ReecA saWV 

OorralL ttaM end; Bob W»toen.nwe t 

and Georae p eoples. S 1 ”"” t " a r. 

WASHINGTON— Placed ManHamlltan. 

ilHleinfue back, on Mured raeervo. w 

ciaknidMkhoel Morton. runnWa bock, tram 

waivers. I Mi l l. 

SOUTHERN METHOOHn-- FlraJ I ^ P-A 
Larsen assHtwe foattxdl cooeh; named Bob 
Weber to replace hinv 


J. Eitropeap Soccer 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Oakland S88 8M8W-S 9 8 

BaHimare 888 Ml 080-2 3 • 

Rita OnWuerwr W). Howell (9) and Tettto- 
ten, Heath (8); Baddldker. Aase II) and Ray- 
tord. W— (Hta, M. L— BodcUcker, 12-14. Sv— 
Howell (24). HR — Baltimore, Sbefev (4). 
CaBferala 8M 311 1811- ■ » 2 

Detroit 0M 581 3to— 14 13 1 

McCaskm. Smith TO. Sanchez (4). Holland 
TO and Beane, Namm (8); Petty, Stoddard 
16) and Parrish, Mefvtn (81. W— Pafrv. M-TL 
L— McCaskllL 9-M. Sv-Stoddard 11). HRp— 
CaLJodannl (22). DeLGOtsea 2 (22). Leman 
112). 

I8i m lev- a 7 1 

city 2MSM8taM2 4 O 

Soever and Pick; Sdberhaaen and Qutrk. 
w— S<dMMlia0ecx,17-5. L — Seaver, 12-10. HR» — 
ChL, Baines (M). ICC. McRae (UL 
Seattle seo eee lie — i s i 

New York 5D8 001 Mto-6 7 t 

Swift R.Tham«r (6) and Kearney.Scatt (!) ; 
Nlekrai Rtohoifl TO and Hokwv. W-Nlekra, 
14-9. L — Swift +9. Sv— Rtoheffl (25). HR- 
New York. Passwa TO. 

M SM 188—9 81 
118 0to 38k— 4 ■ 8 
Darwin. Searaae (7) and Schnaeder; 
Schranv Fllsan [3), Partuoal (5), Howe (6) 
and Salas. W— Howa, 2-3- L— Darwin, 7-16. 
HR»— Mina, Smallsyt 12). MIL, Rfles 1 5). Coo- 
per (12). 

■n SM OW-i 12 8 

Oil ees 281-4. to • 

Hunt Crawford to. Ktooa (9) and Ged- 
nmn; Kauah, Welsh (5). Harrts (51, Hootan 
97 ). Henry TO, Sehmldf TO and StauaM. W- 
Hurst, 18-ia l— Houah. U-13. Sv— Klsan rt). 
KRp-Bos. Rlee (24), Haffmmi (4). Tex. Me- 
Dowell 116)- 


KcnnerdL WPO 
Rktowav. Sask 
Passaolla. BjC 
Hoy. cm 
Kurtz, MH 
Dorsey, 'Ott 
Dbma Edm 
Elilz. 5ask 
Jenkins, B.C. 
Ruatt Ham 
Grew, Tor 
r em an de * . BX. 


Jenkins, BjC. 
Reaves, woe 
Dun toon. Edm 
Hobart, Ham 
Cowan, Edm 
Watts, Ott 
Wilson, MM 
Elllx Sosk 
Gill. MM 
Brawn, Ott 


SCORING 

TO 

8 

0 

0 

0 

8 

0 

0 

9 

9 

0 

7 

7 

RUSHING 


C FG 
21 22 

11 19 
29 11 

12 13 

17 14 
15 13 
27 7 

0 0 
8 0 
11 9 

g a 
8 0 


S Ptl 
9 96 

11 BO 

12 74 
11 62 

2 <1 

7 61 
9 57 
0 54 
0 54 

12 SO 

8 42 
Q 42 


Wferschlno, 5.F. 
Moseley, Wash. 
OOnneahue, su_ 
McFodden. PHIL 
Lanriond, Rams 
Septum, Dun. 

B. Thomas, an. 
ArlrL T JL 
Andersen. NXL 
. Luck hurst, Alt 
Murray, Del. 


QUARTERBACKS 


No 

YU» 

Avfl 

TD 

11B 

742 

64 

6 

138 

699 

5.1 

5 

54 

412 

7 Jt 

6 

38 

3S9 

9S 

3 

54 

329 

5J9 

0 

41 

MS 

7 A 

0 

74 

294 

4j0 

1 

93 

282 

16 

6 

SO 

266 

S3 

3 

52 

PASSING 

266 

4.1 

2 


ATT 

COM 

YD5 TD INT 

Montana. SJ=. 

432 

279 

3630 

2B 

18 

Lomax, SU_ 

560 

345 

4614 

28 

14 

BartkowskL AH. 

269 

181 

2158 

IT 

10 

Thetomam. wow 

477 

383 

3391 

24 

13 

Dickey. GJB. 

401 

237 

3195 

25 

19 

Danielson, Del. 

410 

3S2 

3076 

17 

15 

DeBerv. T A 

589 

308 

3554 

19 

M 

Kemp, Rams 

284 

143 

3021 

13 

7 

Strains. N.Y.G. 

533 

286 

4044 

22 

18 

JaworskL pml 

427 

234 

2754 

16 

14 

D.WhttW DalL 

233 

126 

1580 

11 

11 

Kramer, MIml 

236 

124 

1678 

9 

n 

Hoeetnom, DalL 

367 

195 

2366 

7 

u 

Todd, N JX 

312 

141 

2178 

11 

19 


JOV Miaessnfit 


BamexCal 
Duntoan, Edm 
Oewalt.B.C 
aementsjwpg 
Paopao,Sask 
GillMtl 
Watts. Ott 
Jordon. Sask 
Holloway, Tor 
Hobart Ham 
HutnaaeLWpa 


F ernandez. S-C. 
Fhmord. Sask 
PeptawsU. Wes 
Tatoert. Cal 
Greer, Ter 
Ellis, Sask. 
Sandusky, BX 
Kelly, Edm 
Woods, Edm 


FRENCH FIRST DIVISION 
Toatan & MareeUe 0 
Strasbourg GToutouse 3 

Monaco a Nice 1 
Metz 4, Ulle Q 
'BasHa & Auxetre 8 
Porto- SG a Nancy 0 
Lens 1, Brest 8 

Sochaux 3, Bordeaux 1 
Renne s 1. Laval 0 

Names 1 Le Horn 1 « Lrca u ; 

Petals: Ports-SG «! |if^7 routousA 
Bordeaux 13; Nancy 13 ' Mice. 

Rennes, Monaco, Teuton 

UU.9; Laval, Auxerre, L*Havrs.fifroebouro 

8: Marsel fie 7; Brest. , vision 

WEST GERMAN FIMTDIVI»'°" 
Saattoraecken L Bayera^towW 1 1 

Bochum L Elntrochi Fra nkfurt i 

Waidhof Matmtadni 1 . J luuH | m 

.^^b^Twaldnot Maneraint 
chum,BaywUan8 ,, ®*^^* f * n ^J^ e f U rt. 

mn Munich, EbdracM ^ ^ 

■aiMraltoitora fc 

3; Fortuno Doasseldorf, Barum« 

Schatke ii Hannover |J|0I1 ' 

ENGLISH FtRST DlVIStOW 
Bhmlnahara L litan^***^ cm 0 
Coventry 5, Oxford 2 
Ltoaraoto 1 NottkwtoWJ **“22,5 i 

Qoeeny Perk towers 0. MM* 1 
sbetftoW WNitotav LEwrton 
SoOhmntMn ), Wert Horn 1 


Major League Standings tow,w» 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Host Division 

W L Pcf. GB 

Toronto « % “ 

New York 71 B J» » 

Detrait 2 « ■»* " 

Baltimore . « « ^7 13 

Boston 63 68 AS! 19 

MHwmlfco* » » ** M 

Oevoiand 47 84 599 25 

West DMslaa 

California 74 SB JM - 

Kansas atv 7> 

OoWand « 


Abidae, Otf 
Murphy, Woo 


Dixon, Edm 
Clark, Ott 
Ruaff, Ham 
Cameron. Wea 
PmeoaUa, BXL 
llesic. Tor 
McTaaue.Mll 
Hay. Cai 


All Com Yds lot TD 
299 174 2411 16 9 

238 146 2231 13 12 

251 155 2157 7 

219 126 1882 13 > 

211 133 1709 7 6 

226 134 1446 10 6 

208 106 145 9 9 

130 87 1189 5 3 

133 94 1146 1 6 

173 73 938 6 4 

85 to 684 4 6 

PASS RECE IVINS 

He Yds Ava TD 
SO 812 162 7 

S3 778 145 3 

40 717 175 3 

42 712 175 3 

42 673 165 7 

SV 4T2 «U 3 

31 599 195 5 

31 577 Mi S 

22 547 245 4 

20 533 195 6 

27 SW 195 3 

41 519 127 3 

PUNTING 

Ne Yds Ava L 
60 2M4 475 73 

76 35HI467 78 

63 2906 46.1 77 

56 2686465 95 

74 3274 442 66 

88 .346341J « 

66 2838 435 65 

79 3374 427 77 


□kdeeraort Roms 
Povton. Chi. 
Wilder. T5 
Rtoos. AIL 
Tyler. 5.P. 
Riosins. wash. 
Domett DolL 
Anderson. SUL. 
G.Roeera. no. 
carpenter, nY-G. 


Monk, Wash. 
Wlkkr, T.B. 
Green. 5IJ_ 

J Jones. DeL 
House. T B. 
Crala, SJ 5 . 
Anderson. su_ 

Bailey, ah. 

Spoanota. PML 
Lofton. GLB. 


Hansen, no. 
Ce to mehi Minn. 
Scribner. G5. 
Horan. PHIL 
Gtocamerra, AM. 
Garcia. TJL 
Runoaer, S.F. 
Black. DM. 
Flnzer. ChL 
JenUnas. N.Y.G. 


PUNT RETURNS 


-515 

592 

M3 


SM 
64 
64 46 

Mtaneeoto « ™‘ 

Seattle « ” 

Texas 49 12 574 

NATIONAL LEAOUE 
East DtvtikM 

W L Pet 

SL Louis » 2 IS 

New York ^ ® 

Montreal 71 60 54 * 

Philadelphia 
nticoan 

pmsburoh <1 8 

WMtDhWM 

Las Anoetos 76 S3 JB9 — 

CtndmoH - 
Son Dleao 
Houston 
Atlanta 
San Prondsa) 


114 


NO 

Yds 

A*» 

TD 

6 

Clash. BJL 

57 

565 

99 

0 

9 

Zona, Oil 

40 

482 

12.1 

2 

13 

Stsetat, WPD 

J9 

3«0 

9J 

1 

14 

CartneL Ter 

31 

257 

A3 

0 

MV4 

Fnaer, Sask 

33 

217 

A6 

8 


Treftlta, Edm 

25 

286 

A2 

0 


Sandusky. BX. 

18 

203 

WJ 

0 

GB 

YOUIS. MH 

. 29 

118 

A8 

0 

— 

Bennett. Ham 

20 

181 

9.1 

0 

1 

Rome. Cot 

21 

161 

7J 

0 

9 

McDermott, Sask . 

K 

1S1 

74 

8 


eUard. Rams 
McLemarew S.F. 
MltchHL St.L. 
Fields. NX>. 
Nehra. Wash. 
Fisher, ChL 
Martin, Dot. 
Allen, OaiL 
DarTtotoen, mml 
B rtaht T5. 


PUNT RETURNERS 
NO YDS AVG 


LG TO 


30 483 
45 321 
38 3D 
27 236 
49 428 
57 492 
25 210 
54 446 
ss m 

23 173 


134 

116 

85 

87 

87 

86 
86 
u 

75 

75 


64 66 
63 «7 


69 61 
69 62 
62 61 
56 74 
51 79 


-472 15% 
685 I6W 

Jll M 


KICKOFF RETURNS 

MO Yds Are 


7Vi 

8 

MW 
611 EM 
792 2SM 


631 

J27 

677 


Zeno, OH 

Jenkins, RC. 

Fields, HOm 
Phason, Mtl 
Townsend. Tar 
Etonnft. Sask 
Catarfianc. Ott 
Skinner, Edm 


406 

344 

293 

188 

no 

274 

210 

217 


TD 
2S6 0 
246 0 
225 8 
267 8 
235 8 
2U 0 
245 8 
16.1 8 


Redden, Rem 
MltohaiL su_ 
OarjMIsen, Minn. 
Anlhenv. N.O. 
Merton. TJ. 
Badger s . GJL 
Anderson, Minn. ‘ 
DrJfllL Roms 
Monroe, S.P. 
Nelms. Wash. 


KICKOFF RETURNERS 

HO YDS AVG LG TD 
23 530 225 48 8 

25 804 234 56 0 

39 891 22J 47 0 

32 490 25 64 0 

38 635 225 49 0 

39 643 «6 97 1 

30 639 2U 41 0 

26 S43 285 40 0 

27 561 205 44 0 

42 860 205 34 0 


Rugged Bears, Deep 49ers Tops in NFC 


By Christine Brennan 

KWdngmn Post Service 

WASHINGTON — It's only fitting that 
the National Football League’s Black and 
Bine Division is ruled by the most efficient 
gnrirtng team in pro history. 

Last year the Chicago Bean (10-6) won 
their first division title since 1963. in the 
Central Division of the National Football 
Conference, whining has become a curse; no 
champion has repealed since Minnesota in 
1977-78. 

But in the 198S season that will start Son- 
day, no team seems to stand a chance against 
ooe of tbe great defenses in the game, were it 
not for a secondary comprising four natural 
safeties (two of them, Mike Richardson and 
Leslie Frarier, play coroerback) Chicago's 
would be a defense with no weak spots. 

As it is, Richard Dent, Dan Hampton & 
Co. led the league in total defense ana rush- 
ing defense, broke the sack record with 72 
and were second in the NFL against the pass. 
If only rookie linaman W illiam (the Refriger- 
ator) Perry were svelte. . . . 

The Bears came within one game of tbe 
Super Bond with an offense consisting of 
Walter Payton. They’d like a healthy quarter- 
back, preferably Jim McMahon, for 1985. 

The Green Bay Packers (8-8) won seven of 
(heir final eight games by averaging 32 points 
per. The way to improve more, thought Coa- 
ch Fottcsi Gregg, was to beef up the offensive 
line. He went for USC tackle Ken Ruettgers 
in the draffs first round and San Diego State 
guard Rich Moran in the third. Those two 
should give Lynn Dickey and newly acquired 
Scott Brunner more time to find James Lof- 
ton (62 catches, 1361 yards). 

A young unit progressed by going from 
league-low in total defense in 1983 to 16th 
place last year. Another leap calls for coming 
up with more sacks, but change and youth an 
the tint* maltfl that tough. 

Change also is the rule for Tampa Bay (6- 
10). The Buccaneers’ only coach, John Mc- 
Kay, retired and six-time Pro Bowl defensive 
end Lee Roy Sdmon will miss, the season 
because of back problems. Tampa Bay’s usu- 
ally anemic offense was transfused by James 
Wilder’s 1,544 yards on a league-record 407 
carries, phis another 685 on 85 receptions. If 
Wilder can handl e the weight. Coach Leeman 
Bennett prqbably will put it on his shoulders. 

There are plenty of questions for the Do* 
troir lions (4- 21- 1 ). Who wiQ start at quarter- 
back, Eric Hippie or 12-year veteran Joe 
Ferguson, acquired from Buffalo? Can Billy 
Sims come back after missing half of 1984 
with a knee injury? Will fullback James Jones 
(532 yards rushing, 77 receptions for 662 
yards) cany tbe load, now that veteran Dex- 
ter Bussey has retired? 

The best part of the Minnesota Vikings (3- 
13} comes with age: returning Coach Bud 
Grant and Jan Stenerud, 41, who was sdected 
for the Pro Bowl after making 20 of 23 fieJd- 
goal attempts. 

EAST 

On tbe final weekend of the 1984 regular 
season, every NFC Eastern team except Phil- 
a delphi» had a chance at the playoffs; three 
of. the five finished with 9-7 records. Parity 
'Has arrived in the East. 

The Washington Redskins (H-5), two-time 
defending champions, have experience, al- 
though there are serious questions concerning 
the offensive line and secondary. 

Whh center Jeff Bostic out until m idseason 
with after knee surgery, the offensive line 
could be thin, although the acquisition of 
former all-pro guard R.C. Thidmarm from 
Atlanta should belp.Thc defensive line looks 


good enough to repeat its success against the 
run (sfccood in the league), bnt Tony Peters’s 
return to 1982 form is imperative if the sec- 
ondary is to improve on dm 235.8 passing 
yards per game it yielded. 

Tbe Redskin running game appears better 
than ever with John Riggins, George Rogers 
and Keith Griffin. The receiving corps may 
be without peer. 

The title hopes of the St- Loofa CanSnak 
(9-7) rest on the arm of NeO Lomax, who in 
bis fourth season passed for 4,614 yards, 
second only to Miami's Dan Marino. Tbe 

*. NFL PREVIEW: THE NFC 

rarriinaU need to find a receiver after Roy 
Green (78 catches for 1.555 yards) and Pat 
Tilley (52 catches for 758 yards). 

The defense that led the league in sacks two 
years ago (59) had 55 in 1984, and seems 
capable of being even better. If there are no 
injuries, EJ. Junior will stay put at middle 
linebacker, where he belongs, allowing rookie 
Freddie Joe Nunn to develop outside. 

A healthy Phil Simms turned the New York 
(Sants' (9-7) season around with 4,044 pass- 
ing yards, and if his young offensive line 
matures. New York’s playoff spot this season 
may not be the wild card. 

Before tbe draft, 22 Giants were first- or 
second-year players. Expect a few more new- 
comers, especially in the r unning game. No. 1 
draft pick George Adams and Maurice 
Carth on of the USFL may start, now that 
Butch Woolf dk has been traded to Houston. 
Linebacker Lawrence Taylor probably al- 
ready has a plane ticket for his fifth Pro BowL 
But the Giants have not had consecutive 
winning seasons since 1962-63. 

For tbe Dallas Cowboys (9-7) to return to 
the playoffs after missing for the first time in 
a decade, the offensive hue must regroup (it 
was so banged up that Dallas finished the 
year with five guards in the lineup), someone 
will have to emerge to catdb the ball and 
quarterback Danny White will have to rely on 
all his savvy. 

The fact that so many players do not want 
to stay in Ptalade^phia (6-9-1) says a lot about 
its chances. Once seemingly on the rise, the 
Eagles have had their wings clipped by new 
owner Norman Braman, who has refused to 
honor some veterans’ renegotiated contracts. 

* WEST 

Last year, San Francisco Coach Bill Walsh 
substituted and finagled his way to the Super 
Bowl championship for the second rime in 
four years. He shouldn’t have to do any 
tinkering daring the 1985 regular season. His 
49ers won the Western Division by five 
games last year. 

The last rime the 49ers were defending 
champs, they plummeted to a 3-6 record in 
1982. It's unlikely that will happen this time, 
if only because. most of the main players in 
last season’s 15-1 show are under 30. 

Joe Montana, the NFCs top passer in *84, 
is versatile enough to have hero the team's 
second-leading rusher in the playoffs, with 
144 yards in three games. The offense be 
leads is equally varied. If Roger Craig (649 
yards, 71 receptions) or Wendell Tyler (a 
team-record 1,262 yards) don’t do the job 
with the run. Dwight Clark (52 receptions) or 
Freddie Solomon (40) will through the air. 

You want defense? How about the fewest 
points allowed in the leagne last season (227)7 
And fewest touchdowns (24)? 

If anyone can overtake the 49cts, it’s the 
Los Angeles Rams (10-6). With quarterback 
Jeff Kemp back on the sidelines, this is the 


chance for Dieter Brock, the 34-year-old vet- 
eran who has passed for almost seven miles in 
the Canadian Football L eag u e, to prove he 
can reproduce his numbers from the North. 

It's unlikely that r unning back Eric Dicker- 
son — if he ends his holdout — can equal last ’ 
year’s 2,105 yards. But if receivers Henry 
EUard and Olympic eprint^r Ron Brown re- 
ceive more work, this should be a more bal- 
anced offense than last year’s (second in the 
conference in rushing, last in passing). 

On defense, the Rams must keep safeties 
Nolan Cromwell and Johnnie Johnson at fall 
strength and generate more pressure on the 
qnartesback (only 43 suits, 17th in the 
league). 

There are only about four posable starters 
in the New Orleans backfidd, but Earl 
Campbell, 30, is Coach Bum Phillips's favor- 
ite as the 7-9 Saints play for the present and 
hope for their first winning season. There is a 
new owner, Tom Benson, but tbe problem is 
tbe mim old defense (third-worst in tbe. 
league against tbe run). 

Attala might have even more problems 
than Last year's 4- 12 record indicates. Trading 
up in the draft, the Falcons got massive tackle 
Bill Fralic, but that’s the good news. The bad 
news is that running back William Andrews 
(knee) says he won't return (his season, leav- 
ing Gerald Riggs (1,486 yards) and former 
Redskin Joe Washington to do the plodding. 

Quarterback Steve Bartkowski returns 
from injured reserve, but can he move? 

This is the first of two articles. Next: the 
American Football Conference. 



If Iss 49er teammates caft do it on the 
ground, tiie airborne Dwight Clark can. 


Rookie lapse Helps Cut Angel Lead to IV2 


FG LflPh 
56-56 2MS 53 131 
4841 24-31 51 120 
46-51 23-35 a 117 

36- 27 30-37 52 116 

37- Jg 25-53 50 117 
3344 21-29 52 MB 
35-37 27-28 52 101 

38- 40 19*6 49 95 
34-34 2*27 53 94 
31-31 B-Z7 52 91 
3V31 36-27 52 91 


Compiled by Our Staff from Dtrpaldia 

DETROIT — The only problem 
with rookie pitchers, says Manager 
Gene Mauch of the California An- 
gels, is that they sometimes play 
like rookies. 

A mentgl mistake by Kirk 
McCaskill here Tuesday night 
opened the gates to a five-run sec- 
ond timin g that started Detroit on 
its 14-8 pasting of the Angels. 

Tbe loss trimmed California’s 


lead in tbe American League's 
Western Division to a game and a 
half over Kansas City, which 
nipped Chicago 3-2. 

“McCadriD lost the game, the 

BASEBALL ROUNDUP 


he collided with first baseman Rod 
Carew on a possible inning-ending 
doable play. 

It was a scoreless game when 
Chet Lemon led off the Tiger sec- 
ond with i walk and came around 
to score on singles by Dave Berg- 
man and Tom Brookais. 
way rookies wtU,” Mauch said One out later, Lou Whitaker 
“They didn't beat cm him so much walked to load the bases. Darrell 


as he beat himself. ” 

McCaskill got into (rouble when 


SPORTS BRIEFS 


RUSHERS 

ATT YDS AVG LG TD 
379 2105 SJ, 66 14 
381 1684 4L4 72 11 

407 1544 3J 37 13 
353 I486 42 57 13 

246 1262 SI *6 7 
327 1239 3JB MW 
301 11B9 19 31 6 

289 1174 4.1 24 6 

239 9U 11 28 2 

25D 795 34 22 7 

RECEIVERS 
NO YDS AVG LG TD 
106 1372 12.9 72 7 

55 685 &1 50 0 

78 1555 W9 83 12 

77 462 U 3V 5 

76 1805 13-2 55 5 

71 675 9.5 64 3 

78 611 17 57 2 

<7 1131 171 61 6 

65 701 1BJ Ml 
62 1361 220 79 7 

PUNTERS 

NO YDS LONG AVG 
69 3820 66 431 

82 3473 62 424 

65 3596 61 423 

92 3880 69 422 

68 2855 58 4R8 

68 2149 60 412 

56 2361 59 41 Z 

76 3164 63 414 

83 3328 D 40.1 

90 3598 54 48j0 



High jumper Igor Fakfin, crossing the bar in Kobe, Japan. 

Russian Sets World High Jump Mark 


Evans then hit a grounder to Ca- 
rew, who threw to shortstop Dick 
Schofield for a forceout at second. 
But when Carew headed bade to- 
ward first to take- the double-play 
relay, he collided with McCaskill 
and Schofield's throw went wild for 
an error. Two runs scored on the 
play, and Kiric Gibson foQowed 
with a home run off the facing of 
the third deck for a 5-0 lead. 

“I just put my head down and 
ran. figuring I was taking (he 
throw,” said McCaskUL “It’s my 
fault — a matter of me not looking 
up and aeeing that Rod was going 
to get back to the bag. That's the 
first time I really felt I lost my 
composure. It was embarrassing.'’ 

“its all part of pitching," said 
Mauch, who has managed in the 
major leagues for more than two 
decades. “He’s one of tbe best ath- 
letes in the organization. He's exe- 
cuted these plays in practice, in 
spring training, nearly perfect. 
That's all part of pitching, that’s all 
I can teQ yon." 

Gibson hit another two-run 
homer, his 25th of the season, and 
Lemon hit his 12th during a five- 
run fourth that finished McCaskill. 
California's Reggie Jackson hit two 
home runs, bringing his career total 
to 525. 

Royals 3, White Sox 2: In Kan- 


an eighth-inning tie and lifted Oak- 
land over Baltimore. 

Yankees ^ Mariners 3: In New 
York, Dan Pasqna drove in three 
runs with a bomer and a double to 
help Phil Niekro to bis 298th life- 
time victory. Niekro, who has won 
his last four decisions, pitched 7% 
innings. He ran bis scoreless-inning 
streak to 17 before issuing bases- 
loaded walks to Dave Henderson 
and Danny Tartabull with two outs 
in the eighth. 

■ 

Mets 8, Pathes 3: In the Nation- 
al Lague, in San Diego, Gary Car- 
tes’ hit a home run in each of his 
first three times up and drove in six 
runs to power New York over the 
Padres. In his fourth at-bat. Carter 
bounced into a double play, ending 
his chance to become the fourth 
player in major-league history to 
bit four homers in a game in con- 
secutive trips to tbe plate. 

Canfinds 6, Reds 4: In St. Louis, 
pinch hitter Brian Harper slapped a 
two-run, two-out double off relief 
ace John Franco to break a sev- 
enth-inning tie and lead the Cardi- 
nals past GncinnalL Pete Rose, the 
Reds* player-manager, did not 
play; be remains six hits short of 
breaking Ty Cobb’s all-time hit re- 
cord of 4,191. 

Dodgers 4, Expos (h In Los An- 
geles, Orel Hershiser pitched a* 
four-hitter for his fifth shutout of 
the season and Pedro Guerrero had 
three hits, including his 32d homer 
of the season, as the Dodgers si- 
lenced Montreal. In home games 
this year, Hershiser (14-3) has an 
eamed-nm average of 1.01 in 107% 
innings. Los Angeles leads the 
league in shutouts with 20. 


KOBE, Japan (AF) — Soviet high jumper Igor PakHn set a world high 
jump record of 7 feet, 1034 inches (2.41 meters) m the tbe final event in the 

11-day World University Games here Wednesday. r , 0 „ - - — - 

On his tJihd and find attempt, Paklm surpassed the mark of 7-1014 set sas City, Missouri, Bret Sabexha- Astros 8, Ciri s 7: In Qncago, 
by compatriot Rudolf Povarnitsyn in Moscow an Aug. 11. PakHn gen, 21, ontdueled 40-year-old pinch-batter Bill Dorans one-out 
subsequently fouled on three tries at 7-1 1!4. Tom Seaver in a matchup of com-* suiodMqueeze bunt in the 10th 

. „ . „ - _ plete-gaine performances. Saberha- roored Denny Walling from third 

Byars, AIl-Amenca Back, Breaks Foot 

Garner hit two triples and drove in 
three runs for the Astros. 


COLUMBUS, Ohio (Combined Dispatches) — Keith Byars, Ohio 
State's aD- America tailback, will miss at least the Sept. 14 season-opener 
against Pittsburgh because of a broken bone in his right foot. 

Byars broke the fifth metatarsal, behind the little toe; during practice 
Monday. Planting his foot to make a cut while running a sweqp on the 
arttifical-tnrf surface, the senior went down untouched. 

Byars, 6-foot-2 and 238-pounds (1-87 meters, 108 fcxlogranisX ted all 
major-coTtage r usher s last year with 24 touchdowns and 1,764 yards. He 
also caught 42 passes. Byars finishe d second to Bostron College quarter- 
back Dong Flutie in the Heisman Trophy voting. (AF, UPT) 


Quotable 


Guidry for the league lead in vic- 
tories. Seaver has not won since 
registering Us 300th career victory 
on Aug. 4. 

Red Sox 6, Rangers 4: In Arling- 
ton, Texas, Jim Rice drove in runs 
in each of his first three at-bats and 
hit his 24th homer of the year to 
spark Boston. 

Twins 4, Brewers 3: Is Minne- 
apolis, Steve Howe held Milwaukee 

to one hit over the final 3ft innings. 


PUIEes 4, San Francisco 3: In 
San Francisco, Ozzie Vnp] led off 
the 13th with a homer that gave . 
Philadelphia its sixth straight vic- 
tory. Virgil’s 18th home run of the 
year, on a 2-1 pitch from Greg 
Minton, bounced high off the 
screen attached to the left-field foul 
pole. 

Braves 2, Pirates 0: In Pitts- 


white Kirby Puckett hit a sacrifice burgh, rookie Joe Johnson and two 
• Manager Dave Johnson, 43, of the New York Mets: “Pm tired, fly and puKh^hitter Dave Engle combined on a five-hitter 

Breathing is a chore. My health isn’t bad, but it’s not great I used to fed ™ single as Minnesota ^ jjj C pirates absorbed their 

like a million dollars, that’s before I started manag i n g. I didn’t know it i™ 1 ™ for two runs m the seventh, leaguc-higb 18th shutout of Lbesea- 
would be like this- 1 might talk to [Pittsbuigh Maiiager] Chuck Tanner to A’s 3, Orioles 2: In Baltimore, son. Loser Jose DeLeon (2-16) 
fmd out how he survived. There has to be a middle ground between living pinch-lutter Steve Henderson’s went the distance, allowing six hits 
and dying. That’s what I'm looking for." two-out nm-scoring angle broke and striking out 10. (AP, UPI) 







Page 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1985 




EGYPT POSTCARD 

Rheumatism Sun Cure 


people 


Chinese Artist’ s Family Reaves Legacy Space Shuttle Must JKej 


: 




By Ghada Ragab 

The Associated Press 


« auj start to some. 


contend medication is unnecessary. 
She Hexed fingers that she said 
used to become cramped during 
winter nights “until the sun would 


a rtoMnaS AMd -M.fc-Ttaa-, 1 , 1 . 
Motagally, 38, spends samnxt af- of KhW* 


temoons in the Sahara, where he 


has revived an ancient Egyptian f!**» * 
treatment fm toa.matfcn. orntment that a doctor had pre- 


treatment for rheumatism. 


His impromptu clinic, where sena tor to ^ 
riuumatics are covered with sand, v , Asl.vrasgomgtoloofcfOTllm 


comprises more than a dozen white “"“ftL-JSSS 


Zeinab, who^told me lo come and 
Pyrami-is of Giza west of Cairo. „„ ^ ^ 


khamis his sister Zdnab aadtwo 


otopr^donem ntpervisc dm 
From a distance, the sandy Ml- »*« ftatdmg tothe women 

Mfe looks like a rarnn with iimhrd- wfao COme tO him for hdp. 


ride looks like a 
las sprouting fri 


with umbrd- 
: sand. Close 


*1 btuy them in the sand for 20 to 


up, a visitor finds that beneath the 30 minutes, wrapping them in thick 
umbrellas are people clutching blankets so they sweat more,*' she 


By John F. Bums 

Nat York Tima Service 

B EIJING— Official guide- 
books make no mention of 
h, and anybody riding a bicyde 
down the narrow alleyway in 
Beijing’s Western district could 
easily pass by without knowing 
that No. 13Kuad»Hutonghasa 
place in the history of Chinese 
art. 

Qi Baishi, the most Jamais of 
China’s 20th-century painters, 
lived in the dd courtyard home 
for nearly 40 years before his 
death in 1957. He was 93 yearn 

gly white he di^ft 
the height of his renown here and 
abroad, loved and honored for 
his bright, simple ink-wash paint- 
ings offlowers, birds, insects and 


of a tmifwini) since most of the 
paraphernalia that would have 
m «Hr that possible was carried 
away after the old man’s deathly 
officials promising to set up a 

state memorial. 


. #-V i 

j J -Ju-j.-- 

] ’*»v 

I'M 


thick blankets under the desert sun. 

Khflm« who learned the prac- 
tice from bis father, is convinced of 


said. The blankets cover the wom- 
en's heads and upper torsos, but 
dothing is removed under the sand. 


they promised to ouiid a mu- 
seum, but it never happened,” 
says Qi Bingyi, 35, the painter’s 
grandson and prime mover be- 
hind the transformation of the 
family home. Starting last winter, 
be took matters into his own 
hands by pooling 2.000 yuan 
($690) of the family’s savings and 
building a simple brickwork gal- 
lay in the courtyard. There, he 
displays works by four genera- 
tions of the Qi dan, be ginning 
with his grandfather. 

The imiwtm which the family 


iJi 


L>.f ■ 




untiii 


. : /■ 


i-sw* 




|l . v : j 


its scientific basin “This treatment When they emerge from their pits, 
is part of the primitive namr al the sand is soaked. 

. V • . . _ _T~- j 2 * 1 . .1 “TL T - « U nn 


medicine that originated with the 
andent Egyptians/' he said. 

“Rheumatism is nothing but hu- 
mid vapor trapped inside the 
blood. When the patients are bur- 
ied in the hot sand, the speed of 
blood circulation increases. The 
density of the vapor increases, and 
it leaves the body in the form of 
sweat." 

Some of his clients are buried to 
the waist, others to the neck. 

"The cause of the pain is humid- 
ity, which nothing can remove ex- 
cept sand," said Om Selim, 55, a 
Bedouin woman who has been 
treated by Khamis's sister for 15 
years. 


“Then I wrap them with a blan- 
ket and take them into a tent where 
hot sand has Just been dumped, 
and dose the tent up very tightly. I 
give them some soup or other liquid 
to replace the water they lose and 
give them some chicken to eat.” 

Af towards Zeinab applies mas- 


Khamis follows the same proce- 
dure with men. 


"These people have experience," 
said Mostafa Mahmoud, 60, retired 
head of a government plastic com- 
pany, who accompanies his wife to 
Khanns's camp. 

He said that despite four years of 
medical treatment, rheumatism 


It was in some ways a propi- 
tious time for the artist to pass 
from the scene. Prime Minister 
Zhcm Fnlai attended the memori- 
al service along with several other 
top political leaders,- but within 
months the first great anti-intel- 
lectual pogrom erf the Mao Ze- 
dong era, the "anti-rightist’’ cam- 
paign of 1957, had blighted 
relations between the Communist 
Party and the country’s creative 
community for a generation. 

For the Qi family, many of 
them artists in the same vivid 
style, it was the onset of a period 
erf adversity that in some respects 
is lifting only now. Under Deng 




-Mssr-ssasgr^ 

2S233§|g£A'ss%!?1 

Concord, New Hampshire. The Budnraia. ... • ft * I 

school superintemtot.Mfei Bew- : H . ■ ! ’ . i ;--v= > j If 

mb, gave McAnBffe a globe and ^ playwright and -MC9K& r J v 

said ti was Something toman? Shep«d hi the right stuff ' 

that Chnsta finds her w^rb«^) to a nranbeSrfS .. t 

school a year from now. McAuEffe gJJJth (Minnesota) PbloGnk- . -jiV 

was chosen m July from mop than — ^ said: “fife’s cmlybaa ~ * 

11.000 ^ a 5 playing like three years andfart&aiJj jjjtf* * * * 

January abwud the. space shutde ^^of^iivootstaBdu^" 

Conger- Sd*s' friend.’ 

Houston on Monday, tardy Iqr just y aw p t>[ a home/aefe'X . 

over a week. p <-ar Nidcocson, Minnesota. -T . rSat : 


. ...-n ^ 

kTJ ■ 1 


"1 fdt better from the very first had made his wife nnabiq to walk 
time. I missed only one summer, when she first went to Khamis last 


was very bad that summer. After her first 10-day 
m ed ic are that doc- treatment in the sand, rite was able 


and the pain was very bad that 
winter. All the medicine that doc- 

some time, but the^t sand ab- 
sorbs humidity and excess salts 
from your body.” 

A physician who teaches medi- 


to walk a short distance, he said. 

Besides, be said, "We spend for 
10 days of treatment what three 
injections used to cost us.” 


most active in p ushing the 1957 
attacks on “rightists,^ creative 
freedoms of all lands are enjoying 
a renaissance unimaginable at 
any earlier time under Commu- 
nist rule, and among the innu- 
merable beneficiaries are the leg- 
atees of Qi BaishL 
Earlier this summer, with a dis- 
creet announcement in the local 


newspapers, the family opened 
the house on Kuache Hutong to 
the public as a private museum. 
On oue level, the move opened 
the possibility of generating at 
least a modest income for a fam- 
ily that has had little materia] 
benefit and a good deal of pain 
from its connection to the paint- 
er. On another level, it was the 
hoisting of a banns before a 
country that has little to be proud 
of in its treatment of families like 
theQis. 

In reality, it is not even much 


dZSETjESXEiEi , I M 2^^ f 2 ? p0Bnd ! 

^dd indeed beasdmtific basds almost $ 20 ) i for his wife’s annual 
^ZT treatment. Khamis said people 


for any success of the theory, not- 
ing that doctors usually prescribe 
brat application for rheumatism. 

“If a patient told me he feels 
better after being buried in the 
sand, I would let mm continue with 
it if only for psychological rea- 
sons,” said the doctor. "At the 
same time I would give him some 
medication." 

Khamig's cheats, like Om Selim, 


were charged on the basis of what 
they can afford. 

’fye do this only to help, and 
seek nothing but reward from 
God,” said Shahat Abdel Hafeez, 
SS, a Bedouin who owns two tents 
and has been burying people for 17 
years. 


’Art Buchwald is on vocation. 


with the handful of Qi Baishi 
paintings that remain in the fam- 
ily’s personal collection, an al- 
bum of black-and-white photo- 
graphs going back over half a 
century, and the bouse where the 
artist did most of his work after 
his move to Beijing from H unan 
Province in 1918- 

The darkest time for the Qi 
family, as for millions of others, 
came during the Cultural Reroln- 
tian, the decade of licensed thug- 
gery that Mao stirred against vir- 
tually anybody who had achieved 
distinction in this largely peasant 
nation. 

Qi, the son of a peasant family, 
started with little education. He 
was apprenticed as a boy to a 
wood carver. The wot brought 
him into contact with local art- 
ists, and from them he learned tbs 
ancient traditions of painting, po- 
etry and calligraphy. The water- 
shed in his fife «ww» in the last 
decade before the Manchu dynas- 
ty collapsed in 1911. when he set 
out to wander through the river- 
and- mountain landscapes made 
famous by generations of Chinese 
painters. 

By the 1930s, he was turning 
out works on a prolific scale, 
sometimes seven or eight in a day. 
After 1949, the Communists en- 
dowed him with the title of Peo- 
ple's Artist, made him a leading 
figure in the "peace” movement 
and appointed him to their rub- 
ber-stamp parliament, the Na- 
tional People's Congress. 

None of this counted for any- 






Jo*» Burm/Th* Ycwfc Tran 

Qi Bmgyi and his wife with one of Qi BaishTs scrolls. 


over a week. pfan . Minnesota. 

Q ••••• 

Bob Gwdme, the ^Uii!i*Cv. 

SMr3'E3£Tq££ 

“HMS Pinafore” at. Je Garoff g™. S fllsbiitf JHBtt 


r***- 


‘1 M.w 


tetter - 


wrong business; Be sti^pca. ine Ne wTmagazim: as theibniuoabrt^ (P- - 


thing on the day in 1966 when 
dub-widding Red Guards de- 
scended on Knache Hutong, 

Seized the house and made family 

members kneel while they ran- 
sacked the premises for anything 
redolent of the “feudal” anH 
“bourgeois" habits condemned 
by Mao. 

Paintings, calligraphy and 
seals were carried off wholesale, 
and an army officer working with 
the local neighborhood c ommit , 
tee moved mto the house to 
mount permanent watch. Few of 
the pamtings ever were returned. 

Other humiliations followed. 
The army officer who had taken 
over the largest pail of the house, 


mattresses or in other secret re- 
cesses. Only in 1978, after Deng 
bad returned from his own ban- 



ishment by the Maoists, did they 
dare to begin painting openly 
once more. 


much of his work, had the wood- 
en floors rrolaced with concrete 
because he found the floorboards 
too noisy. Qi Iiang chi, theartisfs 
oldest son, was aMi gnad to work 
as a street s wee per . His daughter, 
Qi Iiangzhi, a teacher, became a 
cleaner m a department store. By 
the early 197us, the family had 
begun to paint secretly, usually at 
night, hiding their works under 


Even today the legacy of the 
past hangs over the courtyard. 
Two unrelated families who were 
moved in by the Red Guards con- 
tinue to occupy about a third of 
the rooms, paying nominal rent 
Efforts to persuade the authori- 
ties to retrieve the missing paint- 
ings and other possessions have 
become mired in bureaucracy. 

But such worries do tittle to 
trouble Qi Bingyi. a forthright 
young man who made his own 
sacrifice to Maoism by leaving 
Beijing during tbe Cultural Revo- 
lution and moving to the rural 
fastness of Shanxi province, 
where he spent years as a con- 
struction worker. He has little 
time for politics, saying that he 
will support Deng or any other 
leader “who makes it possible for. 
ns to revive my grandfathers 
work.” 


the front door. Tbe show went on 
with an understudy. A spokesman 
for Nod Pearson, the producer, 
said Devlin would not be back: The 
show has won rave notices and is 
expected to move on to London’s 
West End. Dev2n, wbo.WBi an 
award as best supporting actor, in 
tbe 1983 Loudon prdduchcsi.of “A 
Mood for the Misbegotten^ and hr 

now familiar in Tri A a iytfWTfqy q; a 

barman in Ideviaon beer camma- 
dals, said Jater that he was Hunting- ’ 
of giving up acting. TTdcin^t think it . 
suits me/’ ne said: •- V v . ; 

• *■ '•> 

. . PmsHkat npridd Rea^ut leads 
toe list of the 10 beri-ma^ez<ed . 
pet^rfe in the Uitited St^is, says an 
etiquette expert^ lUbriabeBe atew- 
at of Kewanec, Dfinois, whose 
“Encyclopedia ' Of Etiquette” is 
scheduled to be publitoed next 
sp nng. “it used to ae-taboQ to show 
affection,” she said. “Bat he has a 
beautiful way of saying you can be ■ 
nice to jyonr irifii He Is always 
reaching for hand and 

hdpine her.” Others on her list in- 


and tbe neraMperexecutiwtsSSi 
■ ad L NefApose Jr; hat^FImbm 
and Joseph Pi£tzer. 


■s. 


LATEST IN HATS -^Dir 
ana,, Princess of Wafe^ 
donned a helmet- to. 

North Sea o3 rig. Thetm 
was arranged after Diana; 
stud die wished she omdd 
have acco n i p a iri edhef base- 
band, Prince Charles, Joo 
his visit - to a rig/ 


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