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Paris, Tuesday, April 12, 1994 


No. 34,560 

NATO Strikes Again at Defiant Serbs 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcher 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — NATO 
warplanes struck Bosnian Serbian positions 
near Gorazde for the second time in less than 24 
" ur * 9 11 Monday, and a spokesman warned 
uiai bigger things are coming” if the offensive 
against the Muslim enclave does not stop. 

It was not immediately dear how the Bosni- 
an Serbian anny had reacted to the new NATO 
a tract United Nations military sources in Sa- 
rajevo said Serbian artillery, tank and machine- 
gun fire into Gorazde abated 90 minute after 
NATO jets struck. 

Admiral Leighton Smith, commander of 
r*wxP. AJfia* Forces Southern Europe, told 
CNN: “The information we’re receiving is the 
area is currently quiet, and we hope it stays that 

But other officials said the air raid had ap- 
parently had no effect. A spokeswoman of the 
UN High Commissioner for Refugees in Bel- 
grade, LyndaD Sachs, said Bosnian Serbs 
shelled Gorazde again after the air strike on 

Rebel Force 
In Rwanda 
Closing In 
On Capital 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcher 

KIGALI, Rwanda — Rebel guerrillas re- 
portedly were dosing in on the Rwandan capi- 
tal from three sides Monday, and dahniiig that 
resistance from government forces was fast 

French officials said Monday night that the 
rebel vanguard was on the outskirts of Kigali. 

“Our forces are advancing," the head of the 
rebel Rwanda Patriotic Front, Alexis Kanyar- - 
engwe. said in rebd-bdd territory. “Govern-, 
mem soldiers do not have the will to pul up 

The arrival of the rebel force estimated at 
20,000 could touch off a fresh rourid of fighting 
in the capital, where ethitic violent* lias left 
teas of thousands of dead in the last few days. 

Mr. Kanyarengwe said the rebels would set 
up a new government, re-establish law and 
order, and bring to justice those responsible for 
ihe mass slaughter. 

A French military commander in Kigali ad- 
vised reporters to leave the city on Monday 
because “this place is going to get dangerous. 

The rebel Rwanda Patriotic Front is domi- 
nated by members of the minority Tutsi tribe, 
who were the principal victims in the fighting 
that followed the apparent shooting down last 
Wednesday of the airplane carrying the presi- 
dents of Rwanda and neighboring Buru ndi , 
both of whom were killed. 

Both men were members of the Hutu tribe, 
which rules landlocked Rwanda, Africa’s most 
populous nation. News of their deaths touched 
off an orgy of bloodletting against Tutsis, who 
were the overlords when Rwanda was a Belgian 

Because of the past association between Bel- 
gium and the Tutsis, Belgians were in particular 
danger from armed Hum gangs, who raged 
through Kigali with guns, knives, machetes ami 
clubs, slaying even an estimated 100 patients in 
a French-run hospital 
The number of dead was impossible to estab- 
lish immediately, but relief agency officials estj : 
mated that 10,000 people were Hied m Kigali 
alone and as many again in the rest of the 
country. Many of the bodies still lay m the 

streets. , . . . 

Those killed included the prune monster and 
several cabinet ministers, all Tutsis, as well as 
African nuns, priests and aid workos, and lu 
Belgian UN soldiers and at least ox Belgian 
civilians. The Belgian soldiers were Hied when 
they tried to prevent the slaying of Prune Mm- 

■ istcr Agatne Uwilingyamana. 

Spanish missionary nuns in the western town 
of Kibuvi said gangs behoved to be Hujns ; had 
attacked the hospital They were Tolling all 
over the place,” one nun said. . 

She added that the gangs™ attadong tte 
parish church where tariffed Tutsis had taken 
refuge and had also slaughtered refugees m Ahe 
town hall. Many Tutsis sought safety with i UN 
contingents sent last year to oversee a shaky 

TjSH : 

try, but that French troops were reaming to 
assist in the evacuation of others. The mission 
of our military is strictly humanitarian, Mid 
Mr. Duque, adding that French troops would 
not intervene in the fighting. . 

Belgium flew 400 paratroopers into Kg* on 
Sunday as part of an Internationa^ effort to 
evacuate expatriate. US. Matmes H ewto Bu- 
nrndi to assist in the evacuation of Americans. 

After Tutsi forces invaded KwjJJfS 
Uganda in 1990, French troops supported tne 
government in Kigali until th^ J^ewas Wfcm 
over by the United Nations. Belgium has fol- 
lowed a policy of neutral tybetweentbe 
ring tribesTwhicfa the Hutus have interpreted as 

h °i§De Minister Wilfried Martens of Belgium 

See RWANDA, Page 2 

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The Bosnian Serbian leadership threatened 
to strike back militarily for the NATO air 
strikes, and Serbian radio and television broad- 
casts all day denied witness reports by United 
Nations military observers that Serbian tanks 
and howitzers were shelling Gorazde. 

“The peace process is in danger and full 
responsibility kes with the United Nations.” 
said a statement by the Bosnian Serbian leader- 
ship. “The Serbs will not be intimidated and 
will retain the right to self-defense using all 
available means." 

The Sobs suspended contacts with the UN 
Protection Force. Their leader, Radovan Kar- 
adzic, called off a meeting planned for Monday 
with a special U.S. envoy, Charles E Redman. 
Bosnian Serbian authorities also blocked traffic 
in and out of Sarajevo. 

In an interview on Bosnian Serbian televi- 
sion, Mr. Karadzic, said: “Our goal is military 
defeat of the Muslims." 

He said: “This is a critical moment in our 
relations with Unprofor," the UN peacekeep- 
ing force. Referring to the UN force’s com- 

mander, Sir Michael Rose, a lieutenant general 
he added that ever since General Rose arrived 
there had been “several crises,” but that the UN 
force had shown him “who is the boss in the 

Mr. Karadzic also predicted unspecified “re- 
strictions” far UN peacekeepers. He said: “I 
am convinced that there will be escalations. If it 
comes to escalation, we can shoot down 

In the air attack Monday, two U.S. F-18s 
used bombs and 20mm cannons fire to destroy 
at least three Bosnian Serbian armored person- 
nel carriers and a truck near Gorazde, the 
Pentagon said. 

Lieutenant General John Sheehan of the Ma- 
rines, director of operations for the UJS. mili- 
tary's joint staff, said the jets attacked both 
Serbian T-55 tanks and armored personnel car- 
riers with 20mm cannons and MK-82 bombs. 
But General Sheehan and another senior officer 
said they doubted the tanks were hit because 
bad weather hindered the attack. 

“Three armored personnel carriers were de- 

stroyed and an additional truck in that column 
was hit,” said Admiral Mike Cramer, director 
of intelligence for the joint staff. 

Admiral Cramer said Sunday's bombing at- 
tack by U.S. F-16s destroyed a large tent and 
several vehicles at a Serbian military command 
post. He said the pilots wanted to attack tanks 
but switched to the command post because of 
bad weather. That air strike was the alliance's 
first attack on ground positions in its 45-year 

The air raids drew an angry response from 
Russia and Bosnian Serbian officials, but NA- 
TO's secretary-general, Manfred Werner, 
threatened new action if Serbs tried to retaliate 
against UN peacekeepers. 

Secretary of State Warren M- Christopher 
and the UN special envoy for the forma Yugo- 
slavia, Yasushi Akaslri, who had authorized the 
previous two NATO air strikes, said NATO 
was prepared to launch further raids against 
Serbian forces if need be. 

Mr. Karadzic accused the UN of siding with 
Bosnian Muslims. “Obviously the United Na- 

fhraliaa Lon/Tbc Amocm tod Prcn 

T1 BREAK YOUR HEADS’ — Vladimir V. Zhirinovsky throwing potted flowers Monday at Jewish protestors outside the 
Rnssian Consulate in Strasbourg, The uhranationafist had earlier addressed the Parfiamentaiy Assembly of the Comdl of Europe. 

Israeli Pullout Deadline Won’t Be Met 

By Chris Hedges 

New York Tima Service 

CAIRO — Palestinian nffi rials conceded for 
the first time on Monday that they would not 
meet the April 13 deadline for Israeli withdraw- 
al from Gaza and the West Bank town of 
Jericho as stipulated in the peace accord signed 
in Washington in September. 

But the chief Palestinian negotiator, Nabil 
Shaath, said he believed that an agreement 
could be reached by the end of April as pro- 
posed Monday by Foreign Minister Shimon 
Poes of Israel 

“If Mr. Peres says he is willing to respect the 
new target date, the date at the end of the 
month, fine with us,” he said, adding that it was 
now impossible to read) an agreement by 

The peace accord set out a four-month with- 

drawal period for the Israelis from Gaza and 
Jericho that was to have started on Dec. 13. By 
April 13, the Palestinians were scheduled to 
tike limited self-rule ova the two enclaves. The 
fm«1 status of Jericho and Gaza is scheduled to 
be determined ova a three-year interim period. 

The withdrawal however, was delayed when 
Palestinian and Israeli negotiators were unable 
to agree on security arrangements. Negotia- 
tions were then suspended far a month by the 
Palestine Liberation Organization after the 
massacre on Feb. 25 of at least 29 Palestinian 
worshipers by a Jewish settler in a mosque in 
the West Bank town of Hebron. 

Prime Minis ter Yitzhak Rabin placed the 
responsibility for the delay on the Palestinians. 

“We didn’t suspend the agreement in the 
wake of Palestinian terrorism against us,” Mr. 
Rabin told Israeli radio. Speaking of Yasser 

Arafat, the PLO chairman, Mr. Rabin said: 
“He suspended the negotiations after the mas- 
sacre in Hebron, and therefore the responsibil- 
ity for the loss of time is not an us.” 

Mr. Poes, speaking in Ankara, said he ex- 
pected the agreement to be signed by the end of 
April “As i understand, we have agreed that 
the target date will be the end of this month, 
April," he said, “and then I think there won’t be 
needed modi time to implement the agree- 

But Mr. Rabin, in an interview to be pub- 
lished Tuesday in The Jerusalem Post was 
more cautious. 

“There is movement” be said. “We cannot 
put a dale when the agreement will be reached. 
But if everything will go well I believe by 

See ISRAEL, Page 5 

lions have positioned themselves on the Mus- 
lim side,” be said. 

“This is a very crucial moment and we do 
not know how we can possibly coopoate fur- 
ther with Unprofor while they are one-sided in 
this civil war,” Mr. Karadzic told reporters 
after meeting a Russian envoy, Vitali I. Chur- 
kin, in Pale near Sarajevo. 

UN military sources dismissed reports that 
there was continued indiscriminate shelling of 
Gorazde, saying they were issued before or 
immediately after the raid. 

A source dose to General Rose said: “It is 
now calm, with sporadic shelling well outside 
the city.”- 

“The Serbs have effectively ceased firing on 
the city” the source said. 

But the high commissioners spokeswoman 
in Belgrade reported “indiscriminate shelling ” 
of the town. She said a shell landed dose to the 
high commissioner's offices in Gorazde, blow- 
ing out all the windows. There were no casual- 

Quoting relief workers on the ground, she 

also reported heavy infantry combat under way 
at a hilltop near the city center. 

A representative of Doctors Without Borders 
in Gorazde, Olivia van Biumen. and a Gorazde 
official, Esad Ohranovic, reported to Sarajevo 
by ham radio that Serbian attacks stepped up 
afta the air raid. 

“The city is literally burning," Mr. Ohrano- 
vic said 

Officially, air attacks Sunday and Monday 
were made to protect UN personnel in Gor- 
azde, an eastern Bosnian town that has been 
under siege for almost two years. 

But they seemed aimed at halting a new 12- 
day assault on Gorazde that has claimed at 
least 156 dead and 646 wounded in the last 12 
days and pushing the Sabs toward negotiating 
a settlement to the Bosnian war. 

A NATO officer said General Rose had sent 
a letter to General Manojlo MDovanovic, the 
Serbian chief of staff, w arnin g him that “bigger 
things are coming” from NATO if the atiackon 

See BOSNIA, Page 5 

U.S. Aide Says Peace Bid 
Has ‘Totally Disappeared 9 

By Paul F. Horvitz 

International Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — A serious diplomatic 
effort to end the fighting in Bosnia has “totally 
disappeared 1 ” with the Sabian attacks and 
United Nations counterattacks in the city of 
Gorazde, Washington's special Bosnia negotia- 
tor said Monday. 

Despite calls by President Bfil Clinton and 
olha Western leaders for a resumption of nego- 
tiations, the foundations fa those talks on a 
cease-fire for all of Bosnia have been seriously 

The United States and its allies were clearly 
seeking to exact a price from the Sabian mili- 
tary for its advance on Gorazde but it was 
unclear whether or when the calculated use of 
NATO force would bring the Serbs back to the 
bargaining table. 

“It's a bit difficult to move forward under 
these circumstances," the U.S. negotiator, 
Charles E Redman, said in an interview tele- 
vised from Sarajevo. 

Until as late as midday on Sunday. Mr. 
Redman said, “it seemed we hod really almost 
an unprecedented event here in Bosnia, with 
both sides talking seriously of a total cessation 
of hostilities, not just in Gorazde but through- 
out the country” 

He added, “That, of course, has totally disap- 
peared now. We hope it may come back aga in , 
but still, the Gorazde situation has to be re- 
solved first." 

Russia's pique at not bring informed in ad- 
vance of Sunday’s bombing runs try North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization aircraft appears 
to further complicate the diplomatic landscape. 
Moscow's envoys had beat working dorely 

with the Serbs, their historical allies, on a range 
of cease-fire issues. The Rnssian envoy, Vitali I. 
Churkin, was asked Monday by President Slo- 
bodan Milosevic of Sabia to act as peace medi- 
ator and help arrange a general cease-fire. 

Mr. Clinton said Monday that NATO air 
strikes, requested by UN commandos in re- 
sponse to sustained Serbian shelling, were “en- 
tirely appropriate” to protea UN observers 
inside Gorazde. The mostly Muslim city in 
eastern Bosnia bad been designated a “safe 
area" by the United Nations. 

The president again called for a resumption 
of talks and said he had called the Russian 
president, Boris N. Yeltsin, to explain that no 
new policy was being pursued by Washington. 

Mr. Redman said that a “very difficult situa- 
tion" in Gorazde will have to be resolved before 
diplomacy can resume. He said the population 
of Gorazde was “at great danger” and that UN 
military observers there were also at risk from 
Serbian artillery and troop advances. 

Before diplomacy resumes, he said, a cease- 
fire will have to be negotiated in Gorazde. UN 
forces will have to be inserted and Bosnian 
Serbian troops win have to withdraw from the 

Mr. Clinton, in comments Sunday, raised the 

iatmcherPthe attacks oh Gorazde. 

In impromptu remarks at the White House 
on Monday, he said the UN was requesting air 
strikes to protea its personnel ana “reassat 
Gorazde as a safe area." 

He again sketched a narrow policy role for 
the United States, that of providing “close air 
support" for UN personnel at the request of 
UN commanders and through the command 
structure of NATO. 

Yeltsin, Milted, Demands 
Role in Bosnia Decisions 

By Celestine Bohlen 

New York Tunes Service 

MOSCOW — President Boris N. Yelisin 
complained bitterly Monday that Moscow bad 
not been consulted in advance as NATO bomb- 
ers prepared for the first air strikes against 
Bosnian Serbian positions outside the besieged 
city of Goradze. 

Mr. Yeltsin, speaking with reporters as he 
left for a trip to Spain, said be had rostered his 
objections in a telephone conversation on Mon- 
day with President Bin Clinton. 

“1 insisted to Clinton time and again that 
such decisions cannot be taken without prior 
consultation between the United States and 
Russia,” Mr. Yeltsin said. “They cannot be. 
And we shall insist on this.” 

Both Mr. Yeltsin and Foreign Minister An- 
drei V. Kozyrev have lately adopted an increas- 
ingly assertive tone as they insist on Russia's 
role as an equal player in international crises, 
from the former Yugoslavia to the Middle East 

In its official reaction to the bombing at 
Goradze, Moscow seemed more perturbed by 
decision-making process on Monday, while 
skirting judgment on the air strikes themselves. 
The strikes were launched afta Sabian artil- 
lery commanders failed to heed warnings to 
stop the shelling of besieged Muslims. 

The Foreign Ministry issued a statement on 
Monday that, while expressing regret that Mos- 
cow had not received prior notice of the attack, 
stressed that the order to bomb had been autho- 
rized by a resolution of the United Nations 
Security Council that provided for the use of air 

U.S. Experts Cite Major Leap in Cancer Research 

By Boyce Rensberger 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — Scientists have discovered what they 
say may be the single most critical event that makes all cancer 
cells effectively immortal and allows them to multiply mdefi- 
nitely. And they say this knowledge could lead fairly quitkly to 
an entirely new form of cancer treatment that could be effec- 
tive against many or perhaps all forms of the disease. 

The crucial event is that highly malignant cancer cells 
somehow reactivate a tetg-donnam geneand make nonB 
that reverses a normal process of aging wilup the cdL jdus 
cancer cells can keep on multiplying indefinitely, even as 
normal cells, whose gene for the enzyme stays dormant, grow 

old and break down. . 

Sciences, said Monday that they might be just two years away A drug that blocked the enzyme should, theoretically, pose 

from starting tests of a drug that could block the enzyme in no risk to normal cells because they do not makethe enzyme in 
human ran«r patients. If the hypothetical treatment worked, the first place. There is, however, one exception: gonadal cells 
cancer cells would, theoretically, lose the benefit of their that make spam and eggs. They make and use the enzyme 
special enzyme, age quickly and die. because they must be effectively immortal to transmit life to a 

Although the findings are just emerging from the realm of new generation. Adrug that blocked the enzyme innght damage 
baric^enM— not even animals have been tested— leaders in ^ cells and pohaps cmxstertoy or birth defeas. 
biomf riir al research hailed them as mqor advances. T 1 * ucw research was led by CalvmB. Hariey at McMasta 

. . „■ . . - ■ u . University in Hamilton, Ontario. Dr. Hariey is temporarily on 

“We re quite optimistic that this is a unique opportunity for from McMaster and working at Goon Corp., a biotech 

inhibiting the growth of cancer cells, said Huber Warner, an m Menlo Park, California, that is looking for an 

official of the National Institute on Aging, one of the National 
Institutes of Health that sponsored the research. “The immedi- 
ate importance and most exciting aspect of this work is the 
posM'biliiv of targeting cancer cells specifically in treatment" 

strikes to protect United Nations-guarameed 
safe havens like Gorazde, 

“These violations cannot be tolerated,” said 
the statement, which added that Muslim forces 
had also resorted to “provocations," which it 
said were well known to UN officials. 

The statement called for the urgent dispatch 
of UN troops to the Gorazde area, for the 
withdrawal of Sabian forces and for the dis- 
arming of the local Muslim contingent. 

Bound by historical and cultural ties to Sa- 
bia, Russia has tried in recent months to play a 
balancing role in Bosnia, using its influence 
with both Belgrade and the Bosnian Sabs to 
fend off a show of fence by the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization countries. In February, 
Moscow launched a successful last-minute dip- 
lomatic initiative that averted an earlier threat 

See RUSSIA, Page 5 


Free Democrats 
To Support Kohl 

BONN (Reuters) — The liberal Free 
Democrats issued a long-awaited pledge 
on Monday to continue their quarrelsome 
partnership with Chancellor Helmnt 
Kohl's Christian Democrats afta the na- 
tional elections in October. 

The party lea da, Foreign Minister 
Klaus KinkeJ, said the party presidium 
had voted unanimously to campaign for a 
fourth term as junior cabinet partners. 
“The coalition has proven its worth in 
difficult times,” he said. The pledge must 
still be approved by a party convention. 

The researchers, who are to publish their findings in the without 

£e Proceedings of the National Academy of convenoonal chemotherapy. 

without harming normal cells, many of which are killed in 

enzyme-blocking drug. 

What Dr. Harley and colleagues found was the first direct 
proof that human cancer cells make an enzyme called telomer- 
are and that normal human cells do not. Cdl and molecular 

See CANCER, Page 5 

Book Review 


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Ex-Stasi Officer Gets 4 Years for ’83 Berlin Bombing 


By Stephen Kinzer 

New York Times Server 

BERLIN — A former officer in die East German 
secret police was sentenced on Monday to four years 
in prison for bis role in the fatal 1983 bombing of a 
French cultural center in West Berlin. 

The judge also strongly criticized Syria for protect- 
ing the terrorist who is believed to have planned and 
■ directed the attack. 

Evidence presented at the trial suggested that the 
' secret police officer, Helmut Voigt, gave explosives 
that wen: used in the bombing to an associate of the 
.'international terrorist known as Carlos. 

Mr. Voigt was a lieutenant coland in the secret 
police, the Stasi and was one of the directors of the 
Stas's counterterrorism section. 

Monday’s verdict marked the first time that a for- 
mer Stas agent had been found guilty of committing 
such a serious crime as part of his official duties. The 
. forme Stasi chief, Erich MieEke, is serving a prison 
term for murder, but the slaying took place before the 
Stasi or the East Goman state came into existence. 

Mr. Voigt, 51, was extradited from Greece last year. 
He denied the charges against him. 

The key witness at Mr. Voigt’s trial was a former 
Syrian diplomat, Nabil Charilah, who was posted in 
rim Berlin at the time of the bombing and who is now, 
under the protection of German ponce. He testified 
Thru his superiors in Damascus had sent him to East 
Berlin with instructions to give all possible assistance 
to members of the Carlos group. 

Mr Charil ah he had been in regular touch with 
Johnannes Weinricb, a German national who is a 
senior aide to Carlos and who now lives in Syria. He 
said Mr. Wemrich, whose extradition from Syria the 
German government has beet seeking for years, 
brought 24 kilograms (S3 pounds) of explosives to 
East Berlin for use in the bombing of tbe Maison de 

According to Monday’s verdict, the Stas discovered 
and confiscated the explosive material, storing it in a 
depot controlled by Mr. Voigt. After ascertaining that 
the material was to be used in a bombing planned by 

Carlos, Mr. Voigt passed it on to the Syrian Embassy, 
which was Carlos’s base in East Germany. 

Mr. niarfoth, then a third secretary at the embassy, 
accepted the material and then gave it back to Mr. 
Wemrich. Soon afterward, the Maison de France was 
bombed, killing one person and injuring 23. 

Carlos claimed responsibility for the bombing in a 
letter sent to the West German Embassy in Saudi 
Arabia. At the time he was yoking to pressure France 
into releasing two of his imprisoned associates. 

A forma- East German head of state, Egon Kreaz, 
asserted at the trial that East Germany “was not a 
terrorist state” and bad never supported Carlos. Judge 
Wolfgang Hullcr rejected that claim , saying there was 
ample evidence showing that the Stasi worked closely 
with Carlos and his group because they considered 
ihonselves “comrades in the straggle against imperial- 
ism and the Hass enemy.” 

In his verdict. Judge Holler said Mr. Voigt had “at 
the very least passed along an order” allowing release 
of the explosives to people he knew as terrorists. 

Judge Holler also asserted that Mr. Wemrich 

“dearly the mastermind and primary perpetrator of U.S. to Sell Israel 25 F-15I Filters 

"This murderer is being protected by Syria aad is 
able to move around Damascus freely and undis- 
turbed,” the judge said “It is a scandal that Weinnch 
is being protected by Syria. The tone has passed for 
political cannon and diplomatic discussions ova tea 
in this matter." 


mg appeals. He said it was unlikely that Mr. VoigT 
would flee, since he had been given credit For time in 
Greek an d German jails while he was being investigat- 
ed and had only two years and seven months left to 

During a visit to Bonn last month. Foreign M inis ter 
Farouk Shara e xp re ssed concern that a guilty verdict 
in the Maison de France case could hurt relations 
between Germany Syria. But his host. Foreign 
Minister Klaus Junket said he could not intervene 
b^rany the case was “exclusively a matter for the 
judicial branch.'* 

Gnri Cnb/ApKr France- Prc&e 

ittending the funeral Monday in Moufins of Francois de Grossouvre, a senior aide to 
seif April 7 in file Elys£e Palace, are, from left, Amin Gemayd, former president of 
Lebanon, Mre. de Grossourre, and her son. Mr. de Grossouvre was regarded as an influential backstage figure in French politics. 

President Francois Mitterrand who IdDed himself Aj 

Neo-Nazis Reportedly Load 
Internet With Propaganda 


BONN — Goman television reported Monday that large quan- 
•tites of neo-Nazi literature denying that the Holocaust ever hap- 
pened had been filed into Internet, the world’s largest computer 

Sudwestfunk, part of the ARD public network, said propaganda 
from German, Austrian and American neo-Nazis had been loaded 
into Internet in recent weeks. 

Internet is a U.S.-based computer information network: that 
allows users to consult data bares, store information and send 
electronic mail. 

German neo-Nazis, barred by law from openly reding books 
denying the Nazi campaign of genocide against the Jews, have been 
using local computer networks to spread their literature, advertise 
protests and swap racist computer games, police say. 

Sudwestfunk said one of the works filed was the so-called 
“Leuchter Report,” a book by American Fred Leuchter, an apologist 
for the Nazis, claiming that the Auschwitz concentration camp had 
no gas chambers and that do Nazi war crimes ever took place there. 

Russia and Ukraine 
Spar at Navy Base 

By Lee Hockstader 

Washington Post Semite 
MOSCOW — In a sharp escala- 
tion of tension between two nucle- 
ar-armed countries. Russia said 
Monday that Ukrainian special 
forces bad stormed a Russian-con- 
trolled naval base; arresting three 
officers and wounding sudors and 

Ukrainian officials offered a 

RWANDA: Rebels Reported Closing In on Capital 

Confirmed from Page I 

said his slain countrymen were 
“victims of the hatred created in- 
tentionally by certain Rwandan 
media.'' Rwandan radio stations 
accused Belgian troops of shooting 
down the plane carrying the two 
presidents on a peacemaking mis- 

After protracted negotiations, 
Belgium began evacuating more 
than 1,500 citizens and their depen- 

dents on Monday. A milit 
spokesman said about 300 had left 
by air and 90 by overland convoy. 

A senior commander with the 
redd forces sard that they were de- 
termined to end the “government 
of killers.” He appealed to army 
units not involved in the ethnic 
daughter of Tutsis to desert 

Earlier, fighting between the re- 
bel vanguard and government 
troops was reported taking place 
on the outskirts of Kigali 

New Zealand Ties Willi U.S. Thaw 


Charles Larson, commander in 
chief of UJ5. armed forces in the 
Pacific, has arrived on an official 
visit to New Zealand, the first such 
visit since a 1980s rifv over Welling- 
ton's anti-nuciear policy. New Zea- 
land radio said. 

President Bill Clinton recently 
derided to upgrade relations. 

New Zealand was frozen out of 
the ANZUS defense alliance with 
Australia and the United States af- 
ter the Labor Party took power in 
1984 and banned nuclear-powered 
and nudear-anned ships from New 
Zealand waters. 

Wilson Rutayisire, a spokesman 
far the Rwanda Patriotic Front, 
said that two battalions totaling 
1,200 men woe poised to enter the 

He said they would relieve a 600- 
member battalion already in the 
city, that has been engaged in tetter 
fighting with the Horn-dominated 
presidential guard. That battalion 
was based near the parliament as 
part of last year's agreement to end 
a three-year civil war. 

The rebels had been promised a 
place in government under a peace 
agreement that is now in rains. 

The rebels launched their fresh 
offensive on Saturday, crossing 
UN-monitored demilitarized zones 
across northern Rwanda and 
plunging into the valleys further 
south. Loqg lines of guerrillas in 
full combat gear could be seen 
moving south through the misty 

(Reuters, AP, NYT) 

No Rwanda Objectives, 
France and Belgium Say 

... , ... ■" . 3 f; 

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'if*..: Geneva* «Shce 1755 

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Vochwoo Cooaamwf.t tuedes CW 12S4 Ganfcvo 

By Alan Riding 

New York Tima Service 

PARIS — - France and Belgium 
have both insisted that they have 
no military or political objectives in 
Rwanda beyond evacuating for- 
eign nationals, and have no inten- 
tion of trying to restore law and 
order to the country, in part, be- 
cause both countries arc viewed 
with suspicion among tbe factions 
in the country’s civil war. 

While fire Rwandan government 
allowed French troops to land at 
Kigali airport, a sign of good rela- 
tions between Paris and Kigali, it 
only permitted eight Belgian troop- 
carrying aircraft to land thereafter 
lengthy negotiations involving 
United Nations officials. 

In October 1990, France sent 
about 600 troops to bolster the 
Hatu-domicared Kigali govern- 
ment after the Rwandan Patriotic 
Front, made up of Tutsi tribal peo- 
ple, mounted an invasion from 
Uganda. While these troops were 
replaced by a 2^00-member UN 
force in December, some 30 French 
military advisers remained in Kiga- 
li . 

On Saturday, tbe Rwandan Pa- 
triotic Front said in a statement 
from Brussels that it would not 
allow “the humanitarian missi ons 
to be transformed into military as- 
sistance for autocratic regimes.” 

Russia Intercepts 
Israel Civilian Jet 

MOSCOW (AP) — Russian 
fighter jets forced a civilian Israeli 
plane to land after it intruded into 
Russia's airspace but allowed it to 
depart a few hours lata, the mih- 
tary said Monday. 

A spokesman for the Russian 
Defense Ministry said the Israeli 
Gulfstream-159, a s mall business 
jet, crossed Russia’s border Satur- 
day on a flight to Td Aviv from 
TWist, capital of the former Soviet 
republic of Georgia. 

Other Front spokesmen specifical- 
ly warned France against helping 
the besieged Rwandan govern- 

In contrast, the Rwandan gov- 
ernment suspects that Belgium fa- 
vors the rebels, who belong mainly 
to the Tutsi tribe that d ominated • 
Rwanda when it was a Belgian pro- 
tectorate. Belgium's foreign minis- 
ter, W31y Claes, has denied this. 

“Hus is a short-term humanitar- 
ian action,” he said. “We will not 
mingle in an internal conflict.” 

Diplomats said that because of 
Kigali's hostility toward Brussels, 
Belgian nationals were in particular 
danger from members of tbe 
Rwandan government and the 
Presidential Guard. “There were 
cases when French citizens woe 
only saved from death when they 
shewed their French passports,” a 
diplomat said. 

Six Belgian civilians have been 
killed in the ethnic violence, Mr. 
Claes said Monday. Belgium also 
lost 10 UN soldiers, who were 
killed during the first day of rioting 

At least three French nationals 
have been killed in tbe fighting, a 
priest, an army officer and his wife, 
officials in Pains said. 

Belgian military transport air- 
craft, which had been forced to 
divert to Nairobi pending permis- 
son to land in Kigali are expected 
to evacuate not only the 900 Bel- 
gians living in the Rwandan capital 
but also other foreigners. 

French government officials reit- 
erated that France would not inter- 
vene in tbe conflict. 

“France has always been neutral 
in this matter between Hotus and 
Tutsis,” France’s cooperation min- 
ister, Michel Roussin, said. “This is 
a problem the Rwandans must set- 
tle themselves.” 

But Mr. Roussin coaceded that 
about 10 members of the family of 
the late Rwandan president, Juvfr- 
oal Habyarimana, who was killed 
last Wednesday in a plane crash, 
had been flown out of the country 
aboard French aircraft. 

A statement issued by the Ukrai- 
nian Defense Ministry masted that 
there had been no assault, no inju- 
ries and no mistreatment of sailors 
or civilians at the base. The minis- 
try confirmed, however, that the 
Ukrainian troops had surrounded 
one installation full of Russian 
troops in order to “prevent unau- 
thorized actions.” 

F-15 fighters. The special T model i 
ground attack capability for brad’s 


Is Postponed 

sharply different version of the in- 
cident, which took place in tbe 
Ukrainian port of Odessa late Sun- 
day. They portrayed h as a nonvio- 
lent police action aimed only at 
arresting the three officers who 
they said ordered the departure on 
Friday of a Russian naval research 
ship from Odessa in defiance of 
UW ainian wishes. 

Despite the varying accounts, it 
seemed dear that the episode 
marked a milestone in the steadily 
worsening relationship between 
Moscow and Kiev, which have 
quarrelled for more than two years 
over who should inherit the former 
Soviet Black Sea Feet 
The Ukrainian actioa was appar- 
ently in retaliation for the depar- 
ture of the Russian naval research 
ship Cheleken from Odessa cat Fri- 
day. The Ukrainians said the Che- 
leken, loaded with S10 million in 
navigational and marine eqinp- 
meat, was not authorized to reave 
and did so despite direct orders 
from Ukrainian authorities in 

When tbe Ukrainians tried to 
prevent the Cheleken’s departure, 
they were thwarted by Russian sail- 
ors who were oidered to take up 
arms and prepare for hostilities, 
according to the Ukraine Defense 
Ministry. The ministry tamed the 
Cheleken's departure as an act of 

As the Cheleken sailed toward 
the Black Sea Fleet home base of 
Sevastopol, it was pursued most of 
Saturday by Ukrainian naval ships, 
which tried to intercept it, Russian 
officials said. The pursuers were 
finally chased off by an attack 
group of Russian-controlled Black 
Sea Fleet ships, and tbe Cheleken 
docked safely in Sevastopol late 
Satnrday afternoon, they said. 

The response from tbe Ukraini- 
ans came just over 24 hours later. 
According to Russian military offi- 
cials, about 120 Ukrainian special 
forces troops assaulted a base of 
tbe318th Russian Division Sunday 
in Odessa, which was home to a 
small reserve unit of the Black Sea 

The three top Russian officers at 
the tore, including one first-rank 
captain and two second-rank cap- 
tains, were arrested and led away in 
handcuffs, the officials aid. In the 
action, the Russian officials said, 
sailors and their families, including 
children, were roughed up, beaten 
and injured by flying shards of 

were commitments to federalism. 

14 Vietnamese Killed in Cambodia 

PEAN SO, Cambodia — Gunmen massacred 14 ethnic Vietnamese in 
this Cambodian village near Phnom Penh, but survivors could not 
confirm reports on Monday that Khmer Rouge guerrillas were responsi- 

The attack occuned late Saturday when about 10 gunmen suxmed the 
village about 30 kilometers (20 miles) southeast erf the capital with guns 
and grenades. They killed 14 people, mostly women and children, and 
wounded 20 others, villagers said. 

The Vietnamese Embassy in Phnom Penh put out a statement saying 
local people blamed Khmer Rouge guerrillas for the attack, but villagers 
said later that they could not saywho was responsible. 

Taiwan Prods China on Boat Disaster 

TAIPEI (Reuters) —Taiwan will not bold talks with China before it 
receives full details about a recent boat disaster that killed 24 tourists 
from Taiwan, tbe cabinet’s Mainland Affitira Council said Monday. 

The council which formulates policy towards China, has established a 
fYwnrmrtea to investigate the cause of the disaster and has demanded 
compensation from China for relatives of tbe victims. 

The victims either burned to death or drowned when tbe tourist boat 
♦akin? tfam across Qiandao Lake in tbe central province of Zhejiang 
burst into flames on March 31. 


Targeting 'Rogue Bags’ on Airliners 

MANCHESTER (Reuters) — British authorities on Monday an- 
nounced new security rales for baggage to help protect airline passengen 
from attacks like the Lockexbie bombing in December 1988 that killed 
270 people. 

Lord Mac Kay, die aviation minister, said the rules, which come into 
force on July 1, would require airlines to account for every item of 
haggage placed on international flights at British airports. 

Tbe rules are aimed at stopping “rogue bags” — those with no 
connection to any passenger — from coming aboard. The requirements 
could be met manually or automatically, but Lord Madcay hailed a new 
system of bar-ebding every item of luggage and linking the results 
through a computer. • 

Southwest Airlines Leads in Quality 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Southwest Airlines edged past American 
Airlines last year in overall quality, while that of the biggest U.S. airlines 
in such areas as punctuality, handling baggage and “bumping” passen- 
gers, continued to slip, according to a study released Monday. 

Behind Southwest and American, the animes in order of theirT 993 
rankings were: United, Delta, USAir, Northwest, TWA, America West 
and Continental The fourth annual study is a joint effort of aviation 
institutes at tbe University of Nebraska and Wichita State University in 

* stranded at Tddosh airports on Monday 
when Turkish pilots went on a surprise strike to protest working sched- 
ules which, a spokesman said, deny them the required rest period after 
each flight. (AP) 

The first direct flights from Western Europe to the Ural and Siberia 
regions of Russia have been announced by Lufthansa. From April 10. tbe 
carrier win offer round-trip flights twice a week from Frankfurt to 
Ekaterinburg in the Urals and Novosibirsk in Siberia. (Bloomberg) 

Clintons Failed to List 
$6,000 for ’79 Taxes 

The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — The Clintons failed to report about 56,000 in 
commodities-related income on thdr 1979-80 tax returns, the White 
House disclosed Monday. 

Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers said that President Bin Clinton 
and Hillary Rodham din ton would “certainly pay bade taxes as 
required,” including interest and penalties. She said the income was 
related to Mrs. Clinton's investment in commodities, not the Clin- 
tons* investment in the Whitewater Development Corp. 

“In the course of reviewing documents, we’ve discovered a small 
amount of income that was previously and elected,” she told a White 
House briefing. Asked how much, she said: “About $6,000” 

Tax returns for 1979-80 released by tbe Clintons last month 
showed that the couple had realized dose to a 5100,000 profit on 
commodities trades. Later documents provided by the White House 
suggested that Mrs. Chnton made the profit after putting up 51,000 
of her own money, trading mostly in cattle futures. 

Traders have said that such a trilling is the risky cattle-futures 
market would be highly unusual for a beginner. 

Ms. Myers said the extra income not reported before was “com- 
modities related.” Asked if that meant the income had not been 

reported on their tax returns, she said, “Correct” 

“They've taken responsibility for it and they'll cer tainl y pay 
additional taxes as required,” she said. 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Tbe 
Congress on Monday that u plans to sdl 25 advanced McDonnell 

Douglas F-15I fighters to Israel for $2.4 Whoa. . 

Theplan, announced by the Pentagon and expected to beccroptaed 
without opposition from Congress, wiflbe larger to uatad«m 
announced by Israel in January under winch it would have bought 20 of 
the jets for 52 billion. 

VATICAN CITY (AF) — The Vatican said Monday that Pope John 
Paul n had decided to postpone indefinitely his trip to Lebanon, after 
recent violence made security arrangements difficult. 

Although the Vatican had never announced a date for the trip, it was 
widely expected that the pope would be going at the end of May. 

Last week, the Vatican indicated that the tnp was being reconsidered. 
In addition to the Pbpe's personal security, there was also the problem of 
safety of crowds coming out to see him. A bomb explosion during Mass in 
a Maronitc Catholic Church in February killed at least nine people and 
wounded 30. 

Italian President Fights Breakaway 

ROME (Renters) — President Oscar Luigi Salfaro made an impas- 
sioned defense of national unity on Monday after the federalist Northern 
League had raised die possibility of a breakaway by the north. 

World 'War'll, Mr, Scalfaro underlined die 
suffering of Italians for their country. 

*iw'« Fa!! Ri 



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With Whistle-Blowers Cashing In, Contractors Want to Change the Rules 

Page 3 S 


By Calvin Sims 

t ->« . „* ta,p York Tunes Service 

'~5 ced *** record penal- 
fl^rt!i? 0wed 3 worker ’ s blowing ihcwto- 

ueon corporate fraud against the government, 

SSw S t^ llract01 ? “* a battle on 

Capitol Hffl to make it harder for whistle- 
WOTjre to press ttar cases and collect eye- 
P°PP*ng awards. 


mg iraud by government contractors, espedallv 
weaptms manufacturers. So far, the govern- 
ment has collected about $750 miffiotTLegal 
predin that the amount will surpass SI 
wlron this year as more and larger cases come 
to light. 

But defense contractors maintain that such 
large awards encourage unfounded suits and 
“sxmragc employees from alerting manage- 

ment about wrongdoing. They are pushin 
islauon, now before the Senate Judiciary i 

. ' uiw LfuiaibjuuiWUUV l Jim- 

mutee, to limit the ability of whistle-blowers to 

“There are some serious flaws and oversights 
m the law that need correct in g," said Alan 
Yuseph, a partner at the law firm of Howrey & 
Simon in Washington, who is leading the lob- 
bying effort for the weapons companies. 

Jt*n Kiidbs, corporate vice president of the 
Hughes Aircraft Co., a Los Angeles-based mili- 
wiy contractor, said: “We do not believe that 
the whistle-blower law has worked well. The 
people who are filing these cases are disgruntled 
employees who would go to the government 
with this information even if the law wasn't 

Th e contractors’ effort to change the law 
comes as whistle-blowers like Douglas D. 
Keeth are setting records with their awards. Mr. 
Keeth, a former financial officer for United 
Technologies Corp., was awarded sii s million 

tins month for exposing the company’s fraudu- 
lent billing practices for helicopters bought by 
the Pentagon in the 1980s. 

Mr. Kceth’s was the largest single award ever 
made under the Federal False Claims Act. To 
settle the case. United Technologies, based in 
Hanford, Connecticut, agreed to pay the gov- 
ernment $150 mill i nn, of which Mr. Keeth got 
15 percent, a minimum percentage set by toe 

That case came on the heels of 523 million, in 
two separate awards, to Christopher (Jack) 
Dowdeu, a former sales manager for Metwest, a 
diagnostic testing subsidiary of Coming Inc. 
Mr. Dowden tipped off the government to a 
scheme in which his employer and a competi- 
tor, National Health Laboratories Inc. of San 
Diego, had ovexbiUed federal and state health- 
care programs by $150 million for unnecessary 
blood tests. 

Mr. Dowden said in a recent interview that 
his initial motive for going to the authorities 

was to d ama ge his competitor, not to line his 
pocket. But today he has enough money that he 
plans never to work again He and his wife 
recently bought a new home, a fishing boat anH 
two luxury automobiles, a Lexus and a Jaguar. 

“I didn't do it for the money," Mr. Dowden 
said “I did it because what these companies 
were doing was wrong, and I was trying to keep 
my company from falling into the same trap. 
But I certainly don't feel bad about having all 
this money. I don't need to apologize for it, 
after what I’ve gone through." 

The False Claims Act was enacted in 1863 in 
an effort to punish contractors who sold defec- 
tive supplies to the Union Army during the 
Civil War. It was amended in 1986 to allow the 
government to recover triple damages from 
defrauding contractors and to give whistle- 
blowers 1 5 percent to 25 percent ofany amount 
the government recouped 

Among the most significant Chungs to the 
law that the weapons companies are seeking is a 
provision that would bar whistle-blower suits 

when a government contractor has voluntarily 
disclosed the fraud Another change would bar 
employees from filing suit or would limit their 
fmanaal recovery if they had not moved swiftly 
enough to voice their complaint after learning 
of the fraud 

Advocates for the current whistle-blower 
statute say weapons contractors are trying to 
render the law useless. They argue that employ- 
ees would never come forward without a finan- 
cial incentive. 

Senator Quries E Grassley, Republican of 
Iowa, the architect of the 19&5 law, called the 
amendments sought by the weapons industry 

“It's easier for these guys to spend money to 
lobby Congress than for them to follow the law 
and stop cheating the government,” he said 

John Phillips, a Washington- based lawyer 
who specializes in whistle-blower cases, said: 
“We are expecting some vmy big cases to be 
settled this year, with some potentially huge 

recoveries. There are a lot of cases in the pipe- 
line because the public is now realizing the 
implications of the whistle-blower statute." 

A whistle-blower suit must be investigated 
promptly by the Justice Department, which has 
60 days to decide whether a case has enough 
merit for the government to take over its prose- 
cution. Extensions are routinely granted The 
cases r em a in under seal until the agency tnaires 
its determination. 

Of the 700 whistle-blower suits filed since 
1 986, the Justice Department has intervened in 
about 100 rases, or 14 percent Currently, 200 
cases remain under seal and are being investi- 
gated A total of 73 cases have been settled and 
26 are being litigated according to lawyers 
familiar with the cases. 

If the government takes the case, the whistle- 
blower acts as a co-plaintiff. When the Justice 
Department chooses not to pursue a case, the 
whistle-blower can proceed alone and is enti- 
tled to 25 percent to 30 percent of any amount 


sa «-:i 

'<! I>‘ 

+ POLITICAL \ 0 /Z> + 

*-ooMnfl Into Radiation Torts on Civilians 

CINCINNATI — In the hottest days of the Cold War, when both 
East and West were planning for the worst, the American military 
had a frighteningly practical question: In the event of a nuclear 
explosion, how much radiation could a soldier withstand before 
becoming disoriented or disabled? 

The Pentagon turned to the University erf Cin cinnat i for answers. 
There, from 1960 to 1971, an eminen t radiologist. Dr. Fuggne L. 
Samger, and his colleagues conducted experiments on 88 cancer 
P^ cnts, ag es 9 to 84, exposing them to intense doses of radiation 
and recording their physical and mental responses. 

All but one of the patients were terminally ill and with the 
exception of that young woman, have been dead for years. Most were 
poor; 60 percent were black. 

The Cincinnati study exposed patients to the highest levels of 
whole-body radiation and, some experts sa cy, probably caused the 
most deaths of all the known government-sponsored radiation 
experiments since Wodd War IL 

There is disagreement about how many died of radiation poison- 
ing rather than cancer. 

Among other questions about the research that have never been 
settled and continue to haunt this and other radiation studies 
conducted at the government's behest are these; - 

• Did the radiation levels help treat the patients’ cancers? 

• Did top University of C hnannari admimstralnrs conceal reviews 

by top medical faculty trim criticized how the experiment by one of 
thar leading researchers was done? 

These issues will receive their first congressional airing at a House 
Judiciary subcommittee hearing in Hncannaji- (NYT) 

Clinton’s Fall Roto: Tho Big Push Bogins 

WASHINGTON — About every week, 10 or so Democratic 
strategists planning President Bill Clinton's role in the 1994 election 
campaign gather in the White House basement under the leadership 
of Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes. 

His new posting as campaign overseer, which drains time from his 
efforts as political point man. for the administration's health-care 
reform proposal — the White House's No. 1 legislative priority — - 
testifies to Mr. Chn ton’s awareness that this fairs balloting is likely 
to go a long way toward defining bis political future. 

This is the first midterm election since 1978 in which other party 
has had control of the White House as well as both houses of 
Congress. This means, said Gerald Pamper, a Rutgers University 
specialist on elections, that “the Democrats won’t be able to blame 
the Republicans; they.will be nmnmg on.their. ovn record." 

By m ost reckonings^ Republicans ihaw only an outside chance of 
gaining control of the Senate and no chance at all of talcin g the 

But the real danger for Mr. Qintaa is that the Republicans win 
make significant inroads, leaving the Democrats in nominal control 
and Mr. Clinton facing what Mr. Pomper views as the worn of all 
pofitical worlds: "He will still have Democratic minorities in both 
Houses, but it will be more difficult for him to get his legislation 
through." fL-47) 

Quote /Unquote 

Richard R. MoUeur, general counsel for the Northrop Corp-. a 
major defense contractor: “We encourage our employees to report 
wrongdoing, and we have established numerous ethics, education, 
and mo toring programs to assist them. But why should they come 
to us when they can make millions by going to the federal govern- 
ment?" ( NYT ) 

...v - . 

/ -***•>• 

TheAweaatcd Pm 

ORBITING ABOVE IT ALL —Linda Godwin, an astronaut, and Commander Sidney Gutierrez working aboard the space shuttle 
Endeavour, vrttich is on a nine-day mission to monitor the Earth's environment The shuttle was latmched into orbit on Satmhy. 

Away From Politics 

• A vaccine developed to treat a high-risk category of skin cancer 
patients has been found to be 70 percent effective. After three years 
of study, researchers at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia 
said this compared with 20 percent effectiveness in patients treated 
with surgery only. 

• A huge bolt of lightning struck as people played Frisbee on a rain- 
drenched field in Nashville, Tennessee, killing one person and 
injuring 18. “It was like a grenade that exploded," said one survivor, 
Fred Baa. 

• High water kept roads dosed Monday in Missouri, and Rood 
warnings were in effect in Ohio as more rain followed severe 
thunderstorms and flash floods that killed at least four people in the 
Middle West. Up to 6 inches (15 centimeters) of snow were forecast 
in the Plains states. 

• A radar device, fixed after an initial kink, beamed down three- 
dimensional images of the Sahara Desert and southern Italy as the 
shuttle Endeavour soared overhead, the Houston space center re- 
ported Six astronauts are working in teams around the dock, taking 
thousands of photographs. 

• Blacks cannot metabolize as well as whites one of the most deadly 
cancer-causing chemicals in cigarette smoke, a new study shows. 
That may explain why black smokers are 50 percent more likely to 
get lung cancer and to die from it, John Richie of the American 
Health Foundation said Sunday. 

• A gust of air from an air lock knocked down a group of workers at 
the Seabrook nuclear plant in New Hampshire, slightly injuring 1 1 
erf them, authorities said. An air lock is an airtight compartment 
between places that do not have the same air pressure. 

Overpayments of an estimated $1 billion went to welfare recipients 
in 1991 because of fraud and error, a federal survey found Yet, it. 
said, thousands of indigent families with children were improperly 
denied benefits. 

AP, Reuters, 

Red Tape Tangles Takers of U.S. Federal Buyout Program 

By Karen De Witt 

New York Tima Service 

government employment fora van- make their way through layers of 
ety of reasons including retirement m a nagem ent control. The process 
or wiring private sector jobs. is much more exhaustive than the 

u/AcuTMr'-mxT nn, .u OT taking private sector jobs. “ much more exhaustive than the 
, , . m -7 ■ w £ ” n rjf But the departure rate is expect- relatively simple procedure most 
dodc strikes midnight on Sept. 30, ^ t0 ^ n _ considerably in the people go through m leaving jobs in 
to yc ^n n ? ary coming months because of the Fed- the private sector. 

SO °°0 federal workers wdl renre or end Workforce Restructuring Act “You’re actually riven a check- 

1994- Better known * the list," said S E? bSU a for- 
* Pk* i*! Buyout Bill, it authorizes agenda mer assistant administrator at the 
{“(l “V" ° VC1 amcnL Bul to offer up to $25,000 to employees U.S. Agency for International De- 
leaving is noi easy. who resign or retire early. vdopment who left the government 

In a Kafkaesque turnabout, the M many 35 50,000 federal work- a year ago. “There are literally doz- 

makers of so much red tape will ^ye their jobs as part of ens of items to be checked off, each 

themselves now face a maze of the administration's push to reduce of which requires a separate form 
forms and briefings before they can ihc size of the government. and a visit to a different office.” 

leave their jobs. Vice President Al Gore, who is Jim King, the director of the Of- 

There are compulsory departure overseeing the departures as part of fice of Personnel Management, lea- 
seminars to attend, identification his mission to “reinvent govern- vens his observations about the de- 

‘Take Form 4754-A," Mr. King 
explained. “That assumes that you 
have led a notorious life and that 
you have in point of fact been every 
place in the government and have 
something that you should return 
and apologize for: library card, 
equipment, bank or credit union 
loans, forwarding address, govern- 
ment identification, cars, car keys. 

“Over the years," be continued, 
“every agency has identified that 
somehow someone slipped out in 

1947 without doing something, and where and to whom their retire- 
so they keep adding to the list." meat benefits should go. As part of 

Federal employees face a bewH- the process, most agenda have 
dering set of options on a long list seminars that orient the departing 

> they keep adding to the list* 
Federal employees face a bet 

forms and briefings before they can 
leave their jobs. ’ 

There are compulsory departure 
seminars to attend, identification 

cards to return. E-mail coda to be meat,” said the reduction “would 
divested, interviews to be given, hdp rid the federal government of 
signatures to be checked and an unnecessar y and duplicative layers 
inch-thick stack of forms to fill out. of mana ge m ent control that ronlt 
The higher the position held, the in inefficiency and red tape.” 

more material required. 

But unless the current system 

Each month hundreds of federal chang es, those wishing to take ad- 
workers across the nation leave vantage of the offer will have to 

Jim King, the director of the Of- 
fice of Personnel Management, lea- 
vens his observations about the de- 
parture process with humor but 
does not hold out much hope for 

He ticked off a scries of forms 
and checklists for what is known as 
■“disengagement,” but warned, 
Tm touching on the high points 
now, not everything." 



By Carrie Fisher. 260 pages. 
$22. Simon A Schuster. 

Reviewed by Christopher 
Lehmann-Haup t 

T HE story that Carrie Fisher 
tutu in her third and latest 
novel, “Delusions of Grandma" 
(following “Postcards From UK 
Edge” and “Surrender the Pink"), 
may not be the most anginal or 
snspenseful ever imagined. 

Cora Sharpe, successful Hog- 
wood screenwriter, has had diffi- 
culty sustaining romantic relations. 
Cora falls in love a g a in , with Ray 
BeaudriHeaux, an entertainment 


The romance fails, partly be- 
cause Cora & a snob about lawyers, 
partly because she doesn’t want to 
marry and partly because sire won t 
rive up what she calls her short list 
of long-term friends." So Cora ends 

up mateless but also pregnant. 

Yet there is never a banal mo- 
ment in Fisher's narrative because 
of the singularity of her prosfc 
Fisher's language coma at you “ 
an angle you frequently didnt 
know existed," as Cora remarksof 
her mo ther- So when the narrative 
introduces Cora’s, predicamMti 
what interests you is not so much 


presence of the motherhood can go on and on. De- 
ed wordplay is hisions of Grandmahood, as it 

• Friedrich SchoenfeUer, Ger- 
man actor, is reading “Preussen 
Ohne Leg/BubT (Prussia Without 
Legend) by Sebastian Haffner. 

“It is thrilling to read about how 
a country can become lag and pow- 
erful and then suddenly fall apart. 
This is a Wstcay book that starts at 
the beginning erf the founding of 
Prussia. It’s a story wdl-idd, with- 
out getting too emotional about the 
past" (Michael ZCailenbadt, IHT) 

limited. More often, Fisher plays were. 

her gags lightly, as when Cora and 
Ray go looking for a runaway dog 
and rail out the dog’s name, “Std- 

Beneatb all the clowning word- 
ay, this may be the issue that 
slier is seriously addressing. And 

her sexual feelings. But to conceal 
is the most effective, popular meth- 
od of revealing. It always gives 
away the suppressed pope smoke, 
the deriding vote." 

Why can r t Cora bring herself to 
marry Ray? You could say she is 
too absorbed in herself, her career 
and her committee of friends, 
which includes her screenwriting 
partner, Bud, a manic-depressive 
who has been “on Uihhun for wefl 
or unwell over 10 years" and a a 
result has been known even to for- 
get who his own lovers are. 

Significantly, Cora gets on with 
Ray best when she is drawn out of 
herseH by tire dying of a friend with 
AIDS. And equally significant, the 
wordplay often waxes lyrical dor- ; 

the double meanings yield limit© 
dividends. ’Tm beholden to you,' 
Bud tells Cora at one point. “Fa 
that matter, Tm Bill Holden ti 

Again and again in passages lik 
these, we glimpse an intefiigenc 
that would prefer not to look be 
yond the surface of language. 

1 V? : la! Stdlaaaa!”; or when she writes her not unserious answer is that 

' Tg to Rayabout the birth of their child there may be hope, especially if 

1? and concludes, “Think of us as two people like Cora can dig beneath 
r people who wiaTiBgad not to throw the surface meaning of things. 

F- the baby out with the bathwater.” 

f As for the novel’s title, “Delu- * 

/ sionsof Grandma": its more obvi- ott the staff of The New York Tunes. 

J ous relevance to Fisher's story does 

not quite match its cleverness a a .• — 1 j — . . == 


limited COURT OF API 

0 you,” whose false perceptions don’t have 1 amii ab 

1 “For an that much to do with the central ___ 

den to issues of the book. 1ST CHAMBEI 

But with not too much of a (...) 

5 like stretch vou can also take the phrase f ONTHESI 

nee to mean the doubt that Cora, too, (...) 

be- will bMome a 8 ra £* not1 "’ [The Court] holds (...) that sine 
re. it s delusional to believe that single on such dda Idetmtber 2. 7 Si 

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holds (...) that since prior trademarks took 
on such date [decamberZ 19771 te distinctive sJonriMonquoAv 
Alfred RoOtscmT] constitutes an iHegal Imitation of those of to 
srane type os those held by tie appellants ["Consort da RotoschlkT] 
to protect wines and spirits; 

As a result holds thrt tho trademak ‘Monopoles A8md Rothsch&T fas 
null aid void, and ordeis Bs cancelation; 


Holds that tola decision wifi be registered wflh toe French NaHond 
Trademark Registry (Reglstre Notional des Marque s) upon the 
tmpflaflan and at toe dngmee of toe court clerk; 

Holds that all the respondent pontes [Mr. and Mrs. Myers; 
EtabUssement Andre Telssedte; Etabllssement E. Parrot & CM; 
Compagnb Fmngalse des Gmnds tins EPY GEL S.FJ.PAG.] have 
committed an iegaf Imitation of toe aforementioned trademarks; 
Orders toem not to coitonue wlh my exploitation of toe 'Monopoles 
Alfred Rothschild' trademark In any form whatsoever, under the 
penalty of a line of 1,000 francs per vtotoflon observed; 


Orders, In redress of toe Injury suffered by toe appellants, that 
exesrpte of Ihe terms at Ibis dedsfon be published (...); 

Slays its decision on toe ck£re for toe payment of damages; 

Orders an accounltog expertise to be performed; 

Appoints far such purpose!*. (...): 

1 ; to specify toe turnover realized by the respondent parties by 
reason of toe exploMon, toe licensing and toe mametlng, as 
from December 2, 1977, of toe product to class 33 sold under 
toe name 'Monopoies AMdRommr; 

2) to provide all technical caul fodurai Information allowing the 
Court to voduate toe exact amouif of toe damage siftied by toe 
appellants by reason of toe exploitation of the aforemenSoned 




what interests you u wh so muw, _ ^ iQtejval in uf e. 

fapwfjrawfflbeh^^fbevrad- m % ut ^ of “Delusions of 
Play that her atuaoouprw^^ Grandma" Snot to analyze Cora. 

gfaSri » .iart theUsc of 

so very beside the point that evmti 

she were aNe to determine how ana 

why she’d gotten here, the here 
where she’d arrived was long past 

her reconciliation to the state of 
single parenthood, her milestones 
be in g a series of letters addressed 1 

where she’d arrived was rang mhom duld bearing the 

thepointofnoretuni.ju«OBtade ^^^-^^"(Herref- 

of wedtod^ straight Sence to the Salinger story that 

pmanously ue^deatL this name inevitably calls to nnmi 

had tak«i root beside £L?? nt ’ pointedly neglects 10 mention the 

thtfiM ttvth ticfv_ leering frtCCS. v .._ With 

things with ugly, leering faces- ( Jjj Esme. With 

Lore and Squalor. ") 

result of her sensuality than other yet if to is a telltale symptom 
ouflandi&h sense of metaphor, ner - JiffiQijiy with relating, it 

initial attraction to Ray announces ig her insistence oo deflect- 

iisefffirattojplangwgecratff* ^^TSbjcct under discussionby 
“Some ^hamentrf her ^ ^ ^ lMguage . "Fot| 

mooes had just named him pope. HyvP”^ a friend when Cora tells 

and she was doing aU she oodd 10 ^ with Ray. "WdJ, I 

keep her cantoris fromf S^vknow how good it (s in tarns 
the telling puff of white smoke ^ ^d mSything— but I took an gu^iSbrtter for him and me" 

amount of energy to conceal these ^ imtaimg when 

facts from him. These facts about Tins mdh 

On April 28th and 29th, the IHT will publish 

a two-part Advertising Section on 

Gas Energy 
for Europe 

Among the topics to be covered are: 

■ The Zeepipe - the world's longest 
offshore gas pipeline. 

■ Norway - the sixth-largest exporter of 
gas in the world. 

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■ Troll gas sales agreement -the largest 

gas ex port contract in history. 

77^ section coincides with 
the official opening of the Zeepipe. 

For advertising information, please contact 
James McLeod in Paris at (3S-1) 46379376. 


mimw tm nn v!" w* ***** » 

of thing s like health insurance and worker to the departure process. 



The undersigned Non-Governmental Organizations 
are indignant and shocked by the arrest and prosecution 
of six Kurdish deputies of the Turkish Parliament for 
"separatist" opinions (which, under Article 125 of the 
Turkish penal code incur the death penalty), and by legal 
proceedings to ban the Democracy Party (DEP) to which 
they belong. Persecution of the Kurds' elected 
representatives is accompanied by an intensification of the 
war in the Kurdish provinces. On the pretext of fighting 
terrorism, Turkish forces have evacuated and banned 
down at least 874 villages, destroyed six towns, bombed 
the forests, massacred innocent civilians - including a 
parliamentary deputy, over thirty reporters and newspaper 
distributors, and 70 local and national DEP leaders - and 
forced hundreds of thousands of Kurds to flee their lands. 
These massive, systematic violations of human rights, 
consistently condemned by many independent 
organizations, are not compatible with the founding 
principles and statutes of the Council of Europe, nor 
universal standards of democracy. Therefore we ask that 
the question of suspending Turkey be put on the agendas 
of the Parliamentary Assembly and the Committee of 
Ministers of the Council of Europe, as a matter of urgency. 

Our hope is that this suspension, which is fully justified 
in view of the Council's statutes, will be decided upon 
quickly and maintained until Turkey frees the Kurdish 
deputies, ends legal proceedings to ban their party for its 
opinions, rids its legislation of any measures encroaching 
upon civil liberties and human rights and fulfills, in 
accordance with the Charter of Paris and with existing 
borders, foe legitimate aspirations of the Kurdish people 
for democracy and the recognition of their own identity. 

The signatories of the Appeal are : 

Agir ensemble pour Its droits de ITtommetAgiria, CGT, 

CIMADE, Comitf national de solidarity au peuple hirde, CRIDEV, 
Federation Internationale des Ugues des Droits de THonme. 

Fedtration Inlermtmale des SOS-Radsme, 

Fondaim Frma-Ubertes, FSU. LlCRA, Maim du Monde, 

MMetins du Monde, MRAP, Nouveau* Dmits de I 'Homme, Peoples 
Soltdains, SNES, SNESwp, SOS-Ractsme, Terre des Hammes-Fmnce, 
Comic de Defense des Liberies et des Droits del'Homme. 

C/O AQR ICI, 14, passage DubaO, F-75010 PARK 
Contributions are welcome 

S.£ M 

f Page 4 








Af n 


















A Battle for Backing in Japan 

Governing Coalition Split , Foes Maneuver 




































By Steven Brull 

International Herald Tribune 

TOKYO — Japan's political 
world appeared headed toward po- 
tentially paralyzing disarray on on 
Monday as the governing coalition 
moved to the brink of breaking up. 
with conservative and liberal wings 
each stepping up efforts to lure 
defectors from the opposition Lib- 
. eral Democratic Party. 

The jockeying underscored 
sharp differences over policies and 
. personalities that are likely to 
• weaken the band of whoever suc- 
ceeds Prime Minister Morihiro Ho- 
sokawa, who on Friday abruptly 
-announced his intention to resign 
because of questionable handling 
of personal finances. 

A weakened government would 
complicate Western efforts to enlist 
Japan in a muted front to impose 
sanctions against North Korea 
over its refusal to allow inspections 
of ail its nuclear sites. Jt would ako 
- hamper Tokyo's ability to compile 
economic measures bold enough to 
placate Washington, which is frus- 
trated by the huge bilateral trade 
unbalance and difficulties in pene- 
trating the Japanese market. 

The extent of the rift in the gov- 

erning coalition was evident on 
Monday as conservatives boycott- 
ed a strategy session called by So- 
cialist and other liberal groups that 
comprise the eight-party coalition. 
The strongest voce of the conser- 
vatives is Ichiro Ozawa* power bro- 
ker of the Japan Renewal Party, 
largest of the conservative groups 
in the coalition. 

Leaders of both canqjs could 
agree os little more than the need 
to choose a successor to Mr. Ho- 
sokawa by the end of the week. 
That would enable parliament to 
pass the budget for the fiscal year 
that began April I. £f the two 
camps fail to reconcile their differ- 
ences quickly, the coalition that in 
August ousted the Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party after 38 years inpower 
would effectively be finished. 

The more liberal factions, led by 
the New Party Sakigake and in- 
cluding the Socialist Party and the 
Democratic Socialist Party, op- 
poses the Japan Renewal Party’s 
effort to install Foreign Minister 
Tsmomu Kata as prime minister. 
They say that would strengthen 
Mr. Ozawa’s dominance over poli- 

Proclaiming its independence, 

the alliance issued a statement that 
highlighted policy differences and 
B Sfgj lwi Mr. Ozawa's penchant for 
back-room deal-malting. The state- 
ment stressed that Japan should 
maintain its pacifist policies and 
continue the reform drive launched 
by the Hosokawa administration. 

Jn a direct attack on Mr. Ozawa, 
it said the new government “must 
increase the openness of its ded- 


The statement also said the par- 
ties were open to forming an affi- 
ance with Liberal Democrats, as 
long as they did not play a leading 

Leaders of the Japan Renewal 
Party, which is allied with the Bud- 
dhist-backed Gean Government 
Party and the Japan New Party, are 
wondering if they can attract 
enough progressive Liberal Demo- 
crats to form a new centrist coali- 
tion without the Socialists. 

AD eyes were on a former deputy 
prime minister and foreign minis- 
ter. Michio Watanabe. who leads a 
Liberal Democratic faction with 
about SO members. Mr. Watanabe, 
who is said to be suffering from 
cancer, has made no secret of bis 

Shanghai Activist 
Recounts a Beating 

3 Dissidents , Now Free , Say 
Balladur Visit Caused Arrest 

Su'tmnj IjkduJn 

Michio Watanabe, a former foreign minister, who is playing a key role in Japan's political drama. 

interest in the top job. but he has 
not made a formal bid. 

“It depends on the policy of 
those who would invite me and how 
much of the LDP would be willing 
to follow me," Mr. Watanabe said. 




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4 genet Franre-Pressf 

BELTING — Three Shanghai 
dissidents detained during Prime 
Minister Edouard BaJladur's visit 
to China last week were released, 
but the country's human rights 
campaigners remained in police 
hands Monday. 

One of those released on Sunday. 
Wang Fucheng. secretary-general 
of tbc Chinese Human Rights -As- 
sociation. said he had been beaten 
during his detention. 

Mr. Wang and two othp dissi- 
dents detained in Shanghai ■ — Bao 
Gc and Yang Zhou — said they 
had been able to return home Sun- 
day. but that they were placed un- 
derhouse arrest for most of the day 
and that their telephones woe cut 
until Monday morning so that they 
could not speak with the press. 

They were released after Mr. 
-Balladur left S hanghai on Sunday, 
they added. 

“We were arrested because of 
Bahadur's visit." Mr. Yang. 50. the 

Balladur Chided for Silence 

French Gte Low-Key China Rights Stance 

By Alan Riding 

New Yorfc Tima Service 

PARIS — Returning from a 
four-day trip to China to seek busi- 
ness opportunities for French 
firms. Prune Minister Edouard Bal- 
ladur came under strong attack 
Monday for not speaking out more 
critically about China's human- 
rights record. 

Mr. Ball ad ur’s derision to han- 
dle the issue “discreetly." as he put 
it. proved even more embarrassing 
because six Chinese dissidents were 
detained during his visit in what 
some French commentators de- 
scribed as Bering's way erf empha- 
sizing that it was'indifferent to out- 
side criticism. 

Under the headline. “Bahadur's 
Diplomatic Fiasco in China." Lib- 
eration said the detentions were an 
affront to the French leader. 

The daily also carried a cartoon 
showing him waving a piece of pa- 
per and saying. “A contract to 
build a prison for one billion Chi- 

In an interview with Le Quoti- 
dien. Michel Joberi. a former for- 
eign minister, said Mr. Balladur 
had sacrificed French principles to 
Chinese “whims" since it was “en- 
tirely predictable that the Chinese 
authorities would make him lick 
their red carpet." 

In a separate editorial, the news- 
paper said the arrest of the dissi- 
dents was “shocking, indeed scan- 
dalous . but not surprising" because 
China seemed intent on “teaching 

France a lesson" for earlier arms 
sales to Taiwan. 

It questioned whether Mr. Baha- 
dur should have made the trip at 

With criticism of his perfor- 
mance already being voiced here 
before he rearmed to Paris, the 
prime minister defended his perfor- 
mance to reporters on the flight 
home from Shanghai on Sunday, 
arguing that the rights issue 
“should not be played down, but it 
should not define our entire foreign 

“We are not going to give lessons 
to the whole world vrhile others 
who invoke moral values are doing 
business behind our bade." he add- 
ed. noting that commercial deals 
with China were now possible. 

“I believe France had to resume 
exchanges with the world's most 
populous nation." 

With the trip also seemingly de- 
signed to raise Mr. Balladur s pro- 
file in international affairs in prep- 
aration for a possible candidacy in 
next year's presidential elections, 
opposition groups jumped at the 
chance of exploiting his handling 
of the rights question in China. 

Former President Valery Gis- 
card rTEstaing. who also harbors 
hopes of reluming to the Elysee 
Palace next year, said China's pub- 
lic message should have been an- 
swered publicly. 

“You have to understand the 
Chinese psychology." he said, “and 
you always hare ro adopt a position 

of strength, not of aggression, bur 
of strength." 

Reporters accompanying Mr. 
Balladur said that he and Foreign 
Minister Alain Juppe were clearly 
irritated by the arrests of three dis- 
sidents in .Shanghai just as they 
were about to visit the city. 

They quoted Mr. Juppi as say- 
ing: “It ts beginning to be a bit 
much. We have asked for explana- 
tions, and we expect a reply." 

Later, he said be had been as- 
sured that “there are no dissidents 
in prison." 

But on the flight home, he said 
that China’s denial that the three 
men were jailed — they were actu- 
ally held in a police precinct — 
suggested a feud within the leader- 

“1 believe some people are not 
happy with the rapprochement be- 
tween France and China.” he said. 

The one apparent concession 
made to the rights issue was that 
Mr. Balladur issued a formal invi- 
tation to visit France to President 
Jiang Zemin rather than to Prime 
Minister Li Peng, who is associated 
with the massacre of student pro- 
testers in Tiananmen Square. 

For the pro-government daily. 
Le Figaro, the arrest of the dissi- 
dents — all have reportedly since 
been freed — was organized by Mr. 
Li “to punish France for not invit- 
ing him to France.” 

But it argued that the commer- 
cial success of Mr. Balladur’s trip 
was “undeniable." 

association's spokesman, told AFP, 

Mr. Baa 31. added: “The gov- 
ernment was scared we would do 
something to upset the visit" 

Mr. Wang, 39. first detained on 
Friday, was released and then rear- 
rested Saturday. . 

“During my second arrest Satur- 
day afternoon, 1 was beaten for 20 
minutes by three plain-clothes po- 
licemen," he said. 

Mr. Bao and Mr. Yang were first 
taken to the police station, and 
each spent Saturday night in a dif- 
ferent hotel under police surveil- 
lance and were restricted from 

The Ministry of Security said 
Monday that the police were pursu- 
ing “investigations" of the two 
best-known dissidents, Xu Wenli, 
49, and Wei Jingsheng, 43. 

‘The police investigations of Xu 
Wenli and Wei Jingsheng contin- 
ue," a ministry spokesman said. An 
investigation of Tong Yi, Mr. Wei's 
secretary, is also under way, he 
added She is detained in Beijing. 

The Spokesman did not indicate 
why the three were being held or 
where they were. 

Bui the ministry said that Mr. 
Xu had been detained by the police 
for having “violated the terms of 
his parole." 

Mr. Xu, a leader of the 1978-79 
Democracy Wall movement in 
Beijing, was released on parole in 
May 1993 after 12 years in prison. 

Mr. Xu had been picked up on 
Thursday as Mr. Balladur arrived 
in Beijing- He was released, but was 
arrested again on Friday, his wife. 

Kang Tong, said. 
His arrest i 

arrest came just a week after 
his friend, Wei Jingsheng, was de- 
tained on accusations of having 
“committed new crimes." Mr. Wei 
received a 14-year sentence for his 
role in the Democracy Wall move- 

The Foreign Ministry said: 
"This entirely falls within China’s 
sovereignty and has nothing to do 
with China’s relations with other 

The incidents come in the runup 
to the fifth anniversary on June 4 of 
die crackdown against dissidents in 
Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. 

That anniversary also virtually 
coincides with a scheduled decision 
by President Bill Clinton whether 
to renew most-favoned-nation trad- 

S g status for China — a derision 
iked to a requirement for China's 
“substantial" progress on human 

Alain Juppe, the foreign minister 
who accompanied Mr. Balladur to 
China, said in a radio interview in 
Paris on Monday that French offi- 
cials’ had discussed with the Chi- 
nese authorities “our conception of 
human rights" and “how we con- 
sidered that from this point of view 
the situation in China was unsatis- 

New Prime Minister Is Named in Algeria 

( tmfiieJ hr the Skiff Fnm> Dupoirha 

ALGIERS — Prime Minister Redha Malek 
resigned on Monday after presiding over the 
most violent months of the Muslim insurgency 
in Algeria. President Liamine Zeroual immedi- 
ately named Mokdad Sift, the minister of 
equipmenL as prime minister to form a new 

The change was announced a day after Alge- 
ria's army-backed rulers devalued the dinar by 
28.6 percent as part of a debt-retief deal with 
the International Monetary Fund. Diplomats 
and analysis had expected Mr. Malek’s resigna- 
tion at the end of the long negotiations with the 
IMF. in which Algeria accepted price rises and 
a big devaluation in exchange for a reschedul- 
ing of its $27 billion debt 

They said a change of prime minister was 
necessary to make easier MrZerouars efforts to 
seek a negotiated solution to the country' s civil 
strife with the Islamic opposition. 

Progess in the effort toward economic recov- 
ery. including controlling rampant unemploy- 
ment. is seen as a key to stemming the funda- 
mentalists’ popularity among Algeria’s 
disaffected and poor. 

Mr. Malek became prime minister last Au- 
gust a month before Muslim fundamentalists 
stepped up their violent campaign against the 
government, widening random attacks to in- 
clude foreigners. 

The insurrection began more than two years 
ago when the government, in January 1992. 
canceled elections for a new parliament that 
fundamentalists were winning. More than 3.000 

people have been killed since then in violence 
attributed to militant Muslims. 

Mr. Maldc, a modernist firmly opposed to 
religious fundamentalism, resigned once be- 
fore. in February, after a national conference 
intended to bring Algeria’s fractious political 
parties together. 

But most parties boycotted the conference or 
walked out. The fundamentalists, whose top 
leaders have been in jail for more than two 
years, did not take part. Mr. Malek was reap- 
pointed in a cabinet reshuffling that left little 

Mr. Sifi, 53, was trained in physics and chem- 

. . __n physics a 

wry m Algiers and Paris. He has hi 
ranking posts in several ministries. 

fAP. Reuters) 

held high- 

Argentine Vote Clears a 2d-Term Try for Menem 



BUENOS AIRES — President Carlos Saul 
Menem claimed a mandate on Monday for his 
plan to run for a second term. 

“1 tell you now, we are going to continue 
what we have begun." he said at a press confer- 
ence as results of Sunday's voting confirmed a 
victory. “The economic model has the backing 
of the political forces." 

Mr. Menem’s Peronist Party took 38 percent 
of the nationwide vote, followed by the Radical 
Party with 20 percent, according to official 
results from 94 percent of voting stations. 

Mr. Menem said the Peronists and parties 
that supported them would have 240 seats in 
the 305-seat constituent assembly, amply assur- 

ing passage of an amendment to end the ban on 
consecutive presidential terms. 

With his terra expiring next year. Mr. Menem 
wants a second term to consolidate the free- 
market reforms that produced what he calls his 
“economic miracle" and turned Argentina into 
one of the world’s leading emerging markets. 

But the president had a setback in the capital 
in the upset victoiy of the Broad Front itftist 
coalition, thrown together just months ago to 
protest the re-election bid and mounting 
charges of government corruption. 

With the exception of a Socialist senator 
elected in 1961. no leftists had won in Buenos 
Aires for half a century. 

“This is a ‘no' to corruption, a ‘no* to Men- 

em’s re-election." the Broad Front leader. Ca 
los Alvarez, told a television interviewer. 

In recent weeks, the government has see 
ttseu sucked into one scandal after another 2 
close aides of Mr. Menem and top official 
faced charges — rarely upheld in court — c 
multibillion-dollar corruption and fraud in e\ 
mything from the sale of state assets to th 
management of pension funds. 

The major loser from Sunday’s vote ap 
peared to be the opposition Radical Panv c 
Mr. Men era's predecessor. Rail Alfonsin. ’ 
Mr. Alf on sin's party, still identified in th 
minds of most Argentines with four-digit hy 
pennflation in 1989. alienated many of its mos 
loyal voters with this shift. 

Andre Tchelistcheff, Wine Expert, Dies 

By Frank J. Prial 

Nor Yurh Tones Service 

Andre Tchdistcbeff, a seminal 
figure in the modern California 
wine industry and an enologist of 
international renown, died Tues- 
day at a hospital in Napa. Califor- 
nia. He was 92. 

Mr. Tchefistcheff had cancer of 
the esophagus, according to Rich 
Carliere. editor of Wine Business 
Monthly, a trade publication. 

Over the years, the diminutive 
Mr. Tchdistcheff — he was barely 
five feet (about 1.50 meters) tall — 
worked with dozens of wineries 
and counseled countless men and 
women who went on to become 
prominent winemakers in their 
own right. 

But for most of his 56-year wine 
career in California, he was associ- 
ated with Beaulieu Vineyards a( 
Rutherford in the Napa Valley, and 
especially with Beaulieu’s signature 
wine. Georges dc Latour Private 
Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon. 

Mr. de Latour, a native of 
France who first benight the Beau- 
lieu estate in 1899. made a fortune 
selling sacramental wine during 
Prohibition. After repeal he deter- 
mined to make a California wine to 
rival France's best and he conclud- 
ed that only a French winemaker 
could do it for him. 

He had not planned on hiring a 
White Russian refugee, but after 
meeting Mr. Tchdistcheff in Paris 
in 1938. he decided to do just that 
Mr. Tchelistcheff (pronounced 
CHEL-a-cheff) arrived in Califor- 
nia later that year and began a 
relationship with Beaulieu (hat 
lasted until 1973, when he retired 
for the first lime. 

In 1969. the de Latour family 
sold Beaulieu to Hcublcin. a Con- 
necticut wine and spirits company 
that is non- a division of 1DV. a 
British conglomerate. 

Lee BriUeaax, 41, founder of the 
cult British rhythm and blues hand 
Dr. Feelgood, has died of cancer at 

his home near London, friends said 

Knrt MeiseL 81, the Austrian ac- 
tor and director, has died after a 
stroke. Vienna's Burgth eater an- 
nounced last week. 

Stefan Gose, 54. who as provi- 
sional Romanian army chief of 
staff led the assault on the secret 
police in the uprising that ended 
theCeausescu dictatorship in 1989. 
died March 28 of lung cancer in the 
military hospital in Bucharest, tire 
state news agency Rompres report- 

Moises Pe&eraoo Lopez-Pehnn, 
82. president of Listin Diario. the 
Dominican Republic's biggest 
newspaper publishing company, 
died last Monday in Miami, where 
he had been convalescing from 
heart problems. 

Henri Goohier. 95. philosopher 
and member of (he Academic 
Francatse. died March 31 in Paris. 

his associates announced last 
Sonia Rairiss, 85. an edit 
Chelsea, a New York avant- 
literary magazine that sped 
in promising new writers. 
March 19 at her home in New 
of cardiac arrest a colleague 


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Close Air Support’ for UN Underpins Allies’ Policy 

Rv Trth« T o„ , ■*■ * 

Page 5 

Sj^ 3 


By John Lancaster 

\17 A ctrrv »»-■•»■ Washin Bton Post Service 

'’AirUNGTOM _ CfAtn _ -i- A _ m - Wit. ■ . , . _ inucuuv TTimoiu j a ATwiiy xuu uc vuuiu nui 

the NATO air strikes vje T’ 9 ? ™ W0ldd 801 ^ "«™ requested to imagine that the Serbs would find it in their best 

Bosnian dtytf *2*1 ** £* “(s «“ d “ * c ™ e House. “We in££t to retaliate. He cited recent progress among 

about. But the political shock 10 5110111 » “** wH do » again if we are Serbian, Croatian and Muslim factions toward a coun- 

Rv i B Hn ■ , «™ d be immense. requested. U.S. planes attacked ground targets Sun- uywide cease-fire. 

By taking action for the first time against Serbian day and Monday/ w .i T . . , „ .. 

SSS 1 h^ r?e rfr tIie H? ited States and 8 iteEiiropean ™s confusion as to whether Serbian gunners 

their prcimreofS "«« spedfically targeting the 12 UN military dSsv- SiaSder 
a former Bush official calls “exquisite neutrality" in ers in Gorazde, and administration rrffiranfa nrivaielv f 0 ™ 081 * 0 ® 1 °* UJN torcMinJJosma, could keep call- 

ssHfSJsasss«?jaS iSSsSSS 
^sasfAiassassS S»S:sss.,™ ^aissaasis 

the other would invite retaliation agminjt UN peace- “d the UN will dampen Serbian enthusiasm for coruaiy. 

keepers and draw them more deeplvinto the war continuing the assault on Gorazde or spur more vio- Despite recent UN pleas for American ground 

suite vSKuttSi j j.*™ ^^the diplomitic and political side," a U.S. gmer- forces wfll bt deployed there md] lie country's toe 

on Gorazde Sertlian ,n * da si said, ihere is a “risk oT uimgsides in a warlSo* »amng toons achieve a credible peace agreement. 

Now hn»«« . , . it’s never paid off to take sides. From strictly a m^taiy At the same time, the United Slates and its Europe- 

U S p ^£-5 1I a i 80(1 Pofe* °f view — and I'm an air power guy — there's a an allies had been moving, albeit reluctantly, toward 

lion hnc \’ ort r Atlantic Treaty Organize- lot we can do against artillery and tanks, but unl es s greater military involvement in the war. In February, 

811 stl ? e8 “defense of UN we're willing to do something else, it’s not going to be for example, Serbian forces withdrew their heavy 
peacekeepers under tire, as authorized by a UN reso- enough.” artillery from around Sarajevo following a TIN ul tima . 

lution permitting UN forces to call for “close air 

we have said we would act if we were reauestivf to 

In an interview Sunday night after the first attack. 
Defease Secretary William J. Perry said he could not 
imagine that the Serbs would find it in their best 
interest to retaliate. He died recent progress among 
Serbian, Croatian and Muslim factions toward a coun- 
trywide cease-fire. 

“If they continue to shell, there are two alterna- 
tives,” Mr. Perry added. He said Sir Michael Rose, 
commander of UN forces in Bosnia, could keep call- 

ing for dose air support Or, he said, he would not rule 
out “the potential for broadening” the role of NATO 
air power to force a withdrawal of Serbian heavy 
weapons from around the dry, as occurred at Sarajevo 

lot we can do against artillery and tanks, but gnl ess greater military involvement m the war. In February, grant tl 
we're willing to do something else, it's not going to be tor example, Serbian forces withdrew their heavy had lefi 
enough.” artillery from around Sarajevo following a UN ultima- “more : 

Milosevic Appeals 
To Russian Envoy 

By David B. Ottaway 

Washington Post Savin 

BELGRADE — President Slo- 
bodan Milosevic of Serbia railed 
upon the Russian envoy, Viiali I. 
Churkin, on Monday to help ar- 
range a general cease-fire in Bosnia 
and revive negotiations for an over- 
all peace settlement as NATO war- 
planes struck Bosnian Serbian po- 
sitions around the Muslim enclave 
of Gorazde for a second day. 

Mr. Churkin went immediately 
to Pale, where the Bosnian Serbian 
headquarters are situated just out- 
side Sarajevo, and met with their 
leader, Radovan Karadzic, before 
traveling on to Sarajevo, the Bosni- 
an capital, late Monday afternoon 
to hold talks with President Alija 

There was no immediate word 
here on whether Mr. Churkin’s me- 
diation efforts were bearing any 

Mr. Churkin's role as peace me- 
diator at the behest of the Serbian 
leader came as extreme nationalist 
Serbs began pressing Mr. Milosevic 
to intervene to protect the Bosnian 
Serbs against NATO attacks. But 
Mr. Milosevic acted with extreme 
caution, apparently determined to 
avoid any direct involvement in the 
Bosnian* war or a confrontation 
with the United Nations over Gor- 

After nearly two hours of talks 
with Mr. Churkin, Mr. Milosevic 
issued a relatively mild statement 
accusing the United Nations of sid- 
ing with the Muslim-led Bosnian 
government in “a civil war" and of 

ignoring what be said was a M uslim 
offensive earlier against the Bosni- 
an Serbs. 

But the Serbian leader made no 
threat to send regular Serbian 
Army units into Bosnia to help the 
Bosnian Serbs and gave no indica- 
tion he thought the NATO air at- 
tacks were a direct danger to his 

His army’s general staff said it 
was watching closely developments 
that could “provoke unpredictable 
consequences” and had taken “all 
necessary preventive measures” to 
protect the two republics, Serbia 
and Montenegro, of the ramp Yu- 

But a Milosevic confidant in par- 
liament, Ramil o Bogdanovic, 
sought to reassure Serbians on 
Monday, saying, “I don't believe 
there wfll be any threat to the terri- 
tory of Yugoslavia” because of the 
NATO air strikes. 

The Gorazde enclave, where 
65,000 M uslims live, lies on the 
Drina River and is only a few kilo- 
meters away from the Serbian bor- 

While offering no hope of mili- 
tary assistance to the Bosnian 
Serbs, Mr. Milosevic also took no 
visible action to press them to halt 
their offensive against Gorazde. He 
seemed content to rely for the time 
being on the efforts of the Russian 
envoy to diffuse the crisis. 

Mr. Churkin told reporters that 
he had been asked by Mr. Milose- 
vic “to hdp find a way out of this 
situation*' and thejji left immediate- 
ly for Pale to see Mr. Karadzic 

cum backed by the threat of NATO air strikes. Several 
weeks later, a pair of U.S. Air Force F-16s destroyed 
four Bosnian Serbian bombers flying over central 
Bosnia in defiance of a UN-declared no-flight zone 

Bui even in the case of the Sarajevo ultimatum, the 
UN was careful to preserve at least the appearance of 
neutrality, emphasizing that the threat of air strikes 
applied to any heavy weapons inside the so-called 
exclusion zone, including those controlled by Bosnia's 
Muslim-led government. 

U.S. military officials expressed doubt as to whether 
NATO's success in Sarajevo could be applied to other 
cities, including Gorazde, where the besieging Serbian 
forces were spread more thinly. 

In other instances, the threat of NATO military 
intervention has been undermined by hesitancy and 
missteps. Last month, for example, French peacekeep- 
ing troops near the central Bosnian town of Bihac 
reported that they were taking fire from Serbian ranitw 
and requested air support. 

But UN officials waited more than three hours to 
grant the request, by which time the Serbian forces 
Bad left the area. At the time, Mr. Perry called for a 
“more streamlined” command authority. 


a .ji ; . 


France Urges Push 
For EU Peace Plan 




Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

PARIS — France called Monday 
for an urgent new effort in the 
Bosnia peace process as NATO air 
strikes against Bosnian Serbs in the 
UN-protected Gorazde enclave 
met with a chorus of approval from 
Western nations and Japan. 

Speaking on the Europe 1 radio 
station. Foreign Minister Alain 
Juppl said: “What worries me is 
that the diplomatic process is stall- 

“What I want, and it is relatively 
urgent, is for the diplomatic pro- 
cess to be reintegrated into a coher- 
ent format.” 

^ wn w lumbgiduu uuu a 

w? pig 

i Bytho umtod Nationa I «?? He said that a peace plan 

;• J . " * “the European Union’s," re 

The New York Time * f “ " V " J "“~ ‘ T 

“Things went terribly wrong in 
Gorazde,” he said. “We’re very 
much concerned about it, that we 
may be on the slippery slope in 
terms of international movement 
in the war there.” 

The Russian envoy, once again 
propelled into the forefront of 
peace efforts in the Balkans, said he 
would seek to arrange “a lasting 
cessation of Hostilities*’ between 
the Bosnian Serbian and Muslim 
farces, starting with a cease-fire 
around Gorazde. 

“I believe we can help to re- 
launch the peace process, he said. 

A few hours later, the Russian 
Foreign Ministry issued a state- 
ment calling upon the Bosnian 
Serbs to withdraw thrir forces from 
Gorazde and asking the Bosnian 
government to accept the demili- 
tarization of the enclave. 

This was the same formula estab- 
lished for two other M uslim en- 
claves in eastern Bosnia, Srbrenica 
and Zepa, where small contingents 
of UN peacekeeping forces are now 

Mr. Churkin seemed somewhat 
miffed by the failure of the Bosnian 
Serbs to inform Russia of their in- 
tentions to launch a major offen- 
sive to seize Gorazde. 

He said that Russia had raised 
the question of a possible offensive 
and hadbeen assured by the Bosni- 
an Serbian leadership that “noth- 
ing wrong was going to happen 

He said that despite “different 
views,” Moscow and Washington 
were working together to try to 
bring an end to the Bosnian con- 

He said that a peace plan exists, 
“the European Union’s,” referring 
to a plan for the division of Bosnia- 
Herzegovina into three states and a 
conditional and phased lifting of 
sanctions against Serbia, accused 
of backing Bosnian Serbian forces. 

Mr. Jupp6 said negotiations 
should “resume on that basis and I 
invite all parties, including the 

“The only possible solution is 
around the negotiating table,” he 

Mr. Jupp6 welcomed Sunday's 
strikes by two U.S. F-16s, but said 
“they were delayed a bit too long.” 

In London, Prime Minister John 
Major said of the UN attack: 

“It makes it perfectly dear to the 
Serbs or to anyone else that we are 
serious about making sure that 
United Nations Security Coundl 
resolutions are kept. I think the air 
strikes were justified. They were 
certainly within the authority 

which the commanders cm the 
ground have.” 

In Bonn, Foreign Minister Klaus 
Kinkel said the action by North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization fight- 
er-bombers was “justified, neces- 
sary and proper.” 

Mr. Kmkel told the public ser- 
vice WDR radio, “Gorazde is a 
particularly dramatic case, it is 
right and proper that this action 
took place. 

“1 nope that the Serbs will finall y 
understand, or else NATO could be 
forced to intervene again.” 

He added that the Muslim en- 
clave in eastern Bosnia was a “new 
important symbol after Sarajevo.” 

“It's important that the Russian 
ride works with us,” Mr. Kinkel 
said. “It now comes down to Rus- 
sia’s making something of its influ- 
ence with the Serbs so that, first of 
all, the terrible attack on Gorazde 
stops, and secondly, the peace pro- 
cess is advanced.” 

The Swedish foreign minister, 
Maigaretha as Uggtas, said she was 
“pleased that NATO planes have 
now intervened to stop the Serbian 
invasion of Gorazde and protect 
the civilians and UN personnel in 
the area.” 

The Netherlands also expressed 
support for the action in a state- 
ment released in The Hague by the 
Foreign Ministry. 

In Japan, the chief cabinet secre- 
tary, Masayoshi Takemura, said: 
“We understand the strikes were 
unavoidable, as they were taken in 
line with the UN resolutions.” ■ 

(AFP. Reuters) 

NATO Chief Sends 
A Tough Warning: 
Don ’t Hit UN Force 


AACHEN, Germany — 
Manfred Warner, the NATO secre- 
tary-general, warned Bosnian Serbs 
on ’Monday not to retaliate against 
UN peacekeepers in the aftermath 
of Afr strikes and said there would 
be a tough response if they did. 

“We would not sit there,” Mr. 
Wtirner said in an interview as a 
OS. plane launched the second al- 
lied strike in two days on Serbian 
positions around the besieged en- 
clave of Gorazde. “NATO would 
react very forcefully.” 

Speaking during a visit to Aa- 
chen, Mr. wfirner said the attack 
on Monday was carried out be- 
cause UN personnel trapped in the 
town were in “acute danger” from 
renewed Serbian shelling of the 
Bosnian enclave. 

He said the North Atlantic Trea- 
ty Organization, which has dozens 
ofU&, French, British, Dutch and 
Turkish planes patrolling Bosnian 
skies from bases in Italy, had the 
power to hit back. 

“We have so far used only two 
aircraft,” he said. “There are far 
more than 100 aircraft down there, 
so I would warn anybody against 
the idea of retaliation.” 

He said the attacks Monday and 
Sunday came at the request of Sir 
Michael Rose, the British lieuten- 
ant general who is the UN com- 
mander in Bosnia. 

“Hopefully now the attacks will 
stop on UN personnel and on Gor- 
azde.” Mr. Womer said. “We did 
what we said.” he pointed out, add- 
ing that NATO would not hesitate 
to repeat the strikes if requested. 

NATO offered to protect UN 
personnel in Bosnia last year, and 
in February it threatened air strikes 
against Bosnian Serbs besieging 
Sarajevo. Its first attack on ground 
forces came Sunday when Serbian 
forces began closing in on Gorazde, 
designated a “safe haven” by the 
United Nations. 

He added that he hoped the at- 
tacks would help push the region's 
warring factions toward peace 

“Hopefully those who fire get the 
message — that we are prepared to 
act," he said. 

■ Results Are Uncertain 

Ride Atkinson of The Washington 
Post reported from Berlin: 

NATO officials acknowledged 
that they were uncertain how effec- 
tive the attacks Sunday and Mon- 
day actually were. 

-•‘Right now all we’ve got are pi- 
lot reports because the weather 
hasn't allowed us to get in there 

with film capability,” Admiral 
Leighton W. Smith Jr., commander 
of Allied Forces Southern Europe, 
said in a telephone interview from 
Naples. “But what we’re getting 
from the UN people looks fairly 

Admiral Smith, who took over 
NATO’s southern wing on Satur- 
day, said that “the weather was 
absolutely terrible” during both at- 
tacks, with thick cloud cover ou 
Monday hanging even lower than 
on Sunday. 

Asked whether NATO’s military 
involvement appeared to be rapidly 
escalating, Admiral Smith said, “1 
think we want to look at this mili- 
tary aspect as one small part of a 
larger puzzle, the puzzle being an 
eventual peace process. I would be 
delighted if NATO aircraft never 
had to drop another bomb in their 

‘Tve got the authority to re- 
spond again if the UN requests 
close air support," he added. “If the 
conditions laid out for me are met, 
1 will respond in an affirmative 
way. We will do what we can to 
accelerate this peace process. 
That’s really what this is all about: 
trying to accelerate the peace pro- 

He sidestepped the delicate issue 
of whether Russian authorities 
should, as they have demanded, be 
informed before NATO aircraft re- 
spond to subsequent requests for 
combat missions. But the a dmir al 
made it dear that he opposed sub- 
stantive tinkering with the chain of 
command that has evolved in Bos- 

“I’ve got very clear guidance,” 
Admiral Smith said. “The UN has 
asked NATO to provide close air 
support under certain conditions. 
The beauty of it is that it’s clear, it’s 
unambiguous. We’ve practiced the 
kind of things that we did last night 
and this morning for days and days 
and days.” 

8 Japan fishing Boats 
Are Ousted by Russians 

The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — A Russian patrol 
vessel forced eight Japanese fishing 
boats out of Russia’s territorial wa- 
ters near the disputed Kuril Is- 
lands, the military said Monday. 

The Japanese boats intruded 
four kilometers (2.5 miles) into 
Russian waters near Anuchin Is- 
land late Sunday and were ordered 
out by a Russian patrol ship. 

RUSSIA: Moscow Not Consulted BOSNIA: NATO Strikes Again 


1 1 1 \iiiw*- 

* . *■ 

T.— “ * - ; -■ j 1 

f , 
tfl l * 

Continued from Page 1 

to bomb Serbian positions outride 
the Bosnian capital Sarajevo. 

In Belgrade on Monday, a Rus- 
sian envoy, Vitali I. Churkin, 
warned the West against actions 
that would lead to a further escala- 
tion of the conflict in the former 

“Tilings went terribly wrong in 
Gorazde,” be said, according to 
Reuters. “We are very much con- 
cerned that we may be on a slippery 
slope in terms of international in- 
volvement in the fighting.” 

Mr. Churkin echoed Mr. Yelt- 
sin's complaint that Moscow had 
been left m the dark, although he 
put the responsibility on the Unit- 
ed Nations, rather than Washing- 

“It would have been useful for 
the UN to let us know what was 
going on." he said. “We were not 
completely happy with the level of 
the communication.” 

In an interview published this 
weekend in the newspaper Komso- 
molskaya Pravda, Mr. Kozyrev 
said the Russian- American rela- 
tionship had changed in recent 
months as Russia pulled away from 
the notion that the two countries 
can act in concert, “like Siamese 

“The American partners began 
to tackle this problem in a new 
way,” he said. 

He said Moscow had asked sev- 
eral times why a policy had nor 
been coordinated with them in de- 
tail He said Washington’s answer 
was, “Why should we coordinate 
the details.” 

“I want to be frank,” Mr. Ko* 
syrev said, “After a while, we told 
them, If that is the way you see this 
partnership, then good-bye Sia- 
mese twins. Let’s remain people 
pushing the car in the same direc- 
tion, but we will do it each in his 
own way. Then we also started to 
speak in our own voice, and started 
our own initiatives.” 

Combined from Page 1 
Gorazde does not stop. The NATO 
officer declined to define those 
“bigger things,” but added: “At 
this point we really want them to 
get the picture that they should 
stop. We've got a lot of airplanes 
and a lot of bombs.” 

Momcilo Krajisnik, the speaker 
of the self-appointed Bosnian Ser- 
bian parliament, warned that the 
Serbs would not withdraw from 

“We cannot abandon Gorazde, 
because 35 percent of its popula- 
tion before the war was Seri),” he 
said in a radio interview, 

3 German Railmen Killed 


WURZBURG, Germany — 
Three railroad workers were killed 
Monday when a Goman high- 
speed passenger train plowed into a 
construction crew near this Bavar- 
ian dry, the police said. 

Mr. WOmer warned Bosnian 
Serbs on Monday not to retaliate 
against UN peacekeepers after the 
allied air strikes and said there 
would be a tough response if they 

“We would not at there,” he 
said “NATO would react very 

The attack on Monday came 
from two U.S. Marine Corps F/A- 
18s flying out of Aviano Air Base in 
northern Italy. As in Sunday’s mis- 
sion, they responded to a call that 
originated from UN observers in 
Gorazde and attacked under the 
direction of a UN forward air con- 

The planes dropped a total of 
five Mark 82 500-pound “dumb” 
bombs against three Bosnian Serbi- 
an armored personnel carriers. Ini- 
tial damage assessment from the 
pilots was that the strike was “very 
stKcessful” according to a NATO 
officer in Naplea 

(Reuters, AP. WP, AFP, NYT) 

U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Taiwan Over Wildlife 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

Sew York Times Service 

WASHINGTON —The Clinton 
administration announced Mon- 
day that it was imposing trade 
sanctions on Taiwan for refusing to 
halt the sale of tiger bones and 
rhinoccrous horns that are used by 
many Asians for medicinal pur- 
poses and as sexual stimulants. 

The move marks the first rime 
that any American administration 

has used trade sanctions for envi- 
ronmental purposes. While trade 
sanctions have often been used as a 
leva: to promote human rights or to 
remove trade barriers imposed by 
other countries, they have never 
been used to protect endangered 

“It is a major step forward,” said 
the U.S. trade representative, 
Mickey Kantor. “Other adminis- 
trations have threatened these 
kinds of measures to protect the 

environment oeforc, but none has 
ever acted." 

Fewer than 11,000 rhinos and 
6,000 tigers remain in existence. 
Their populations have been radi- 
cally reduced because of the de- 
mand in Asia for rhino and tiger 
parts, which are ground up into 
various medicines and aphrodis- 

The interagency group that last 

week recommended this move to 
the president had been considering 

sanctioning CTwna os well, but at 
the last minute decided to act only 
against Taiwan, supposedly be- 
cause niina had taken some limit- 
ed steps to curb the sale of exotic 
animal parts. 

The sanctions on Taiwan will in- 
volve a ban on all Taiwanese ex- 
ports to the United States that 
threaten wildlife, which amounts to 
about $25 milli on a year in lizard 
shoes , crocodile belts and other an- 
imal-skin items. 

ISRAEL: Palestinians Admit That the Pullout Deadline Will Not Be Met 

Continued from Page 1 

somewhere in the first half ofMay*^ 
hope. It’s not a sacred date, but both sides 
understand the enemies of peace would hke to 
delay the negotiations.” 

ians have tried to raise issues already settled 
and that they are often poorly orgamzea. 

But both sides said tfcy were makms 5 ^ 
progress. Palestinian officials said they were 

dose to an agreement on a timetable for Israel's 
release of Palestinian prisoners. They said Isra- 
el had agreed to release 2^500 prisoners 48 
hours after the signing; 

He said the agreement would cover all pris- 
oners, including those from the Muslim funda- 
mentalist group Hamas. Hamas opposes the 
peace plan and has taken responsibility for 
several recent attacks against Israelis, including 
a suicide car bombing last week that left seven 
Israeli dead. 

But Mr. Shaath also admitted that “there ore 
lots of things that need to be finished.” 

On Sunday, Palestinian negotiators said, the 
Israelis submitted new proposals on the ques- 
tion of how much independence the Palestinian 
courts in Gaza and Jericho would exercise. 

PLO officials objected to the document, say- 
ing it exempted non-Palestinians from Palestin- 
ian jurisdiction and gave Israel 8 veto over 
court derisions. 

CANCER: Breakthrough Could Lead to Entirely New Form of Treatment 

, . «F the nm- thus a little shorter than the ones there simply to be lost, a snippet a 

Continued from Page 1 

bioloaistv in many labs have been 
on the trail or iclomerase for sever- 
al years because of several tantaliz- 
ing findings. 

The job of telotnerase is to repair 
a kind of damage that occurs to the 
tips of chromosomes every tune a 
cell divides— damage that appears 

to be a key pan of the aging pro- 

Before cell division, every cell 
makes a duplicate set of chromo- 

can have one complete set. But pe- 
the way ihe DNA-copying 
jrachinery works, ii cannoi dupb- 

S e Voyiipsofcliioiiio»n«; 

The newly made chromosomes are 

thus a little shorter than the ones 
from which they were copied. 

The reason this usually causes no 
problem is that the chromosomes 
of newly fertilized embryos have 
long stretches of what might be 
called dummy-DNA at the tips- 

These are sequences of a thousand 

or more DNA sub-units that en- 
code nothing. The dummy DNA is 

there simply to be lost, a snippet at 
a time, with every round of cell 

The dummy DNA segments are 
called telomeres. They also act as 

caps that hold the ends of the chro- 
mosomes something tike the way 
bands of metal or plastic keep the 
tips of shoe laces from fraying. 



(Never brawn to fad) 

Oh oust beai-HU flower of ML Carmel, 
Fairfui Vine, Sjiendor of Hbowl 
B lessed Mortw of the Son of God. 
taeacufaiB Viw, ptecse assist me h 
ay need. The Star of the Sea hdp me 
and show me rau ore my Mather. Oh 
Holy Mary, Mother of Gird, Queen of 
Meavwi and Ealh. I humfcdy beseadt 
you from the bottom of my heart to 
offer me relef in my need. None can 
withstand your power. Oh show me you 
are my mother. Oh Mary, awened 
without sm, pray far us who faava- 
recowse to thee. P4 
Holy Spit, you who saKe al praUena. 
fight oi roods so that I can reach my 
goaL You who awe me the divine gift 

to forgive and forget ei evfl ogams! me 
and who, have snowm me Hm in al 
instances in my 6f« you CM with me, I 
wont in this short prow to thank you 
for al fcmgi mid omrm ogam the* I 
new want to beiepaoted from you in 
eternd glory. Thank you for your mercy 
nwd me aid aina. 

[The person not m Mi prayer on 3 
consecutive days. After 3 days the re- 
quest wil be grartodL The prayer mud 
bo pubfahed after the favor is granted] 

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f Page 6 

TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1994 






Snbune Adrift in the Great Gray Greenless GATT 

the Washington post v ** 

Another African Challenge 

Since October, more than 100,000 people 
have been killed in Burundi, while 700,000 
people have fled the country. A dvil war 
between the majority Hutu and minority 
Torsi tribes has spilled over imo Rwanda, and 
now both countries teeter on anarchy. 

ffne y relief and keep open doors for peace- 

Bunmdfs new president, Cyprien Ntarya- 
rira, and the Rwandan president, JuvtaalHa- 

mka, and the Rwandan president, Juvfenal Ha- 
byanmana, were killed last Wednesday when 
their aircraft crashed, possibly downed by a 
rocket, as they were returning from a peace 
conference in Tanzania. That ignited a fall- 
scale massacre in Rwanda that has claimed 
thousands of civilians, peacekeepers and the 
country's prime minister, Agathe Uwflingiyi- 
mana. Trapped in the mdee was a UN force of 
2^00 peacekeepers from a score of nations that 
bad been vainly trying to enforce a cease-fire. 

Amid the appalling loss of life, chaos and 
crop failures are spreading hunger and disease 
through refugee camps. As dismaying is the 
prospect of a conflict without end, adding 
another failed state to alist already including 
Bosnia, Somalia and Liberia, with others Hkely 

of African Urntyamf the U mted^ation^all 
have 8 primary respanribiEty to provide emer- 

to ask, if these efforts fail whether or not to 
stand aside if belligerents cannot agree. 

It has almost reached that point in Burundi 
and Rwanda. Rivalry between the new domi- 
nant Hutu and their former feudal cyatards, 
the Tutsi predates tin countries’ indepen- 
dence from Belgium in 1962. The latest round 
of fighting in Burundi began last October 
when the army, tbe Tutsi stronghold, assassi- 
nated a Hutu president His successor was 
aisn a Hutu; so was his fellow passenger on 
the fatal plane, the president of Rwanda. 
Thus the presumptive blame for the orgy of 
slaughter falls on Tutsi warriors seeking to 
reimpose their past dominance. 

Yet Hutu radio broadcasts are just as 
bloodthirsty as those of the Tutsi which only 
heightens the tragedy of a failed cease-fire and 
the assassination of the peace-seeking presi- 
dents. The Security Council may have no 
ready answer to tins terrible riddle, but the 
first urgent need is to establish what hap- 
pened and to pinpoint political respoosxbilily 
for all these horrific killings. 


Shooting Down the Treaty 

The 1972 Auti- Ballistic Missile Treaty out- 
lawed the testing and deployment of nation- 
wide defenses against missile attack. By limit- 
ing defeases it made it possible for the United 
States and Russia to agree to reduce their 
nuclear arsenals. The Clinton administration 
now wants to test and deploy new anti-missile 
defenses lo give American forces on the battle- 
field some protection against missies like the 
Scud. And Russia is wUhng to accept a “clarifi- 
cation” of the ABM treaty to allow the United 
States to test a new heat-seeking interceptor, 
the Thaad, that could shoot down Scuds. 

But that is not good enough for the Penta- 
gon. It wants lo keep the option of testing other 
auti-rnissOe defenses, both sea-based and air- 
launched. The trouble is, that would open a far 
more dangerous option that the ABM treaty 
was intended to close: tbe testing and deploy- 
ment of nationwide defenses against ballistic 
missil es- Such defenses, in turn, could block 
progress in reducing the size of Russian and 
American arsenals. That is one option that this 
administration should not want to open. 

To its credit, this administration has reject- 
ed the course of its predecessors, which want- 
ed to violate the ABM treaty unilaterally by 
conducting prohibited tests. Instead, it is try- 
ing to clarify the treaty by a greem ent with 
Russia. The treaty, as understood when it was 
ratified by the U.S. Senate, barred tests of 
interceptors that could shoot down incoming 

missiles traveling faster than two kilometers 
per second- Longer-range missiles — tbe sort 
that nationwide defeases are designed to 
counter — travel much faster. Late last year the 
administration proposed a more permissive 
standard, allowing tests of interceptors that can 
attack targets moving at five kilometers per 
second. Interceptors with that capability, how- 
ever, migh t also be able to defeat submarine- 
launched ballistic missiles traveling at six to 
seven kilometers per second, tbe heart of the 
U.S-, British, French and Russian deterrents. 

That capability could be used in nationwide 
defenses; and the easiest way for countries to 
counteract it would he to retain more war- 
heads, which would slow further missile cuts. 

Russia, which lies within reach of shorter- 
range missiles fired from Iran, Iraq or other 
places on its periphery, responded to the U.S. 
initiative by proposing parameters that per- 
mitted tests of the Thaad. But that did not 
satisfy Pentagon officials, who persuaded the 
adminis tration to reject the Russian proposal 
and offer a dangerously permissive alterna- 
tive: no posted speed limits at aL 

If Washington does not set strict limits on 
tests, it may find that it has opened not just 
options but a gaping hole in the ABM treaty. 
That could persuade military hard-liners in 
Russia to block further missile cuts and leave 
America a lot less secure. 


'Justice’ in Singapore 

Americans are sharply divided over the case 
of an 18-year-old American firing in Singa- 
pore named Michael Fay. He faces a sentence 
that includes being “caned” ax times. His' 
crime; spray-painting cars and other acts of 
vandalism ova- a 1 (May period. It is a sgn of 
how angry Americans have become over 
crime that far from arousing universal protest, 
the harshness of the sentence has won the 
Singapore government considerable support 
in polls and on-tbe-streel interviews. Many 
Americans are cheering Singapore’s leaders 
for knowing how to get tough on crime. 

In turn, Singapore officials revel in con- 
trasting their low crime rates with tbe terrible 
American levels of violence. Reportedly a 
leader in Singapore lectured a recent visitor 
that a nation that has had the cases of Regi- 
nald Denny, Lorena Bobbitt, the Menendez 
brothers and the murdere of visiting Japanese 
students should be wary of preaching to oth- 
ers about justice. In fact, Americans do not 
need to be lectured on criminal violence. 
Americans are as aware as anyone of the need 
for swifter and surer punishment of crime. But 
none of America's troubles justifies sflenl ac- 
quiescence in the cruel and disproportionate 
penalty that Mr. Fay faces. 

Fan of the problem, we suspect, is that 

“caning" sounds quaint, something that a 
19th century schoolteacher might administer 
to a rambunctious student Thu is not what 
catting means in Singapore. The lashes are 
administered by a martial arts specialist. Phil- 
ip Sheaon of The New York Times cited 
diplomats who described the gruesome pro- 
cess: “Prisoners are tied down to a wooden 
trestle and are then whipped with a rattan 
cane moistened to prevent it from fraying. 
Diplomats say the initial blows tear open the 
skin, and, within seconds, prisoners usually go 
into shod; from the intense pain.” 

It is certainly true that countries with harsh 
penalties and no constitutional guarantees for 
those accused of crime can crush crinunality 
with considerable efficiency. Apologists for 
the old Soviet Union used to note that crime 
rates in Moscow were lower than those in New 
York or Detroit. Thar no more justified Soviet 
human rights abuses than American short- 
comings now justify what the Singapore gov- 
ernment proposes to do to Mr. Fay. Nor 
should Americans worry that opposition to 
the caning of Mr. Fay amounts to “cultural 
imperialism.'’ The whole point of upholding 
human rights across borders and cultures is 
that certain standards are universal 


Other Comment 

Luring tiie Zulus on Board 

Some observers believe there is too much 
pent-up anger in South Africa, or large parts 
of h, to allow for an easy crossing to democra- 
cy- They point to the seemingly intractable 
problems associated with Chief Mangosuthu 
Gatsha Buthderi, whose Tnkatha Freedom 
Party speaks for an undetermined and conser- 
vative section of the Zulus in Natal and those 
of Nelson Mandela, who has shown that he 
has substantial support among Zulus. 

Tbe violence in Natal and parts of Trans- 
vaal notwithstanding, large sections of the 
country are in a stale of relative peace, caus- 
ing foreign observers to note that free and fair 
elections can take place in 90 percent of the 
country. There is no sign, as of now, that the 
general fabric of society is collapsing. 

There are right-wing Afrikaner desperadoes 
in the white commtmity, counting cm some 
measure of support in the security establish- 

ment, who have been at work killing blade 
avjKans from passing cars, blowing up budd- 
ings and campaigning for a boycott of the 
elections. They are dangerous but finite in 
numbers, determination and resources. 

The history of the Afrikaner, although rich 
in initial heroism in c onflic t with giants tike 
the Victorian British Empire, generally shows 
the bulk of this Dutch-French-German-de- 
scended group settling with reality once they 
appreciate that they cannot win. This could 
apply in South Africa after April 

Tbe Zulus, by contrast, have tended to fight 
to the last man against all comers. Tbe threat 
to the future, therefore, remains the millions 
of Zulus who might follow Chief Buthdczi 

and their malleable king into suicidal opposi- 
tion to the new coder. They have to be sored 

tk>n to tbe new coder. They have to be fared 
into a broader, successful South African na- 
tionhood. That is the challenge. 

— Anthony Hasher Heard, commenting 
in the Los Angeles Times. 

International Herald Tribune 



RICHARD McCLEAN. Publisher <t Chief Executive 
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W ASHINGTON — If tbe final agreement of 
the GATT round, to be signed this week in 
Marakesh, did not promise suen large economic 
gam s and represent such an immense expendi- 
ture of global diplomatic effort, it would deserve 
to be rgected on environmental grounds. 

Tbe agreement’s economic benefits and tbe 
political costs of rejection far outweigh its envi- 
ronmental shortcomings. But these shortcomings 

By Jessica Mathews 

arrangements for the new Worid_TVade Organi- 
zation s ugge st that unless the institution can 
soiDebowbc brought to drastically change its 
thinking and its institutional culture, the future is 
not going to be much better. 

The n eed to mesh trade and environmental 

mwnrft, recommending strong measures to the 


the immediate priorities are c han g in g Mli I s 
secretive procedures to allow a degree of pnbbc 

scnitfary and participation, adopting envnran- 
menial guidelines like the “pcillutffp^fs” pnna- 
pfe andfinding a way for GATT to recognize 
present and future environmental agreements 
that use trade measures appropriately. 

Much hairier will be deeming in whatcucum- 

G ATT accord, seven global environmental agree- 

whicb cast doubt on the legitimacy of national 
enviro nmen tal laws and even of multilateral 

greening GATT is not promising. 

meats were reached. That burst of activity sprang 
from the rapidly spreading realization that eco- 
nomic growth and human welfare ultimately 
depend on a healthy environment. 

This understanding has penetrated nearly all 
international institutions to varying degrees, but 
not GATT. There, free trade is not a moms to the 
end of greater economic growth but the end 
itself, and environmental concerns are nothing 
more than impediments. 

In fact, (he costs of remaining trade restric- 
tions and those of environmental degradation are 
each about 1 to 2 percent of GDP — except 
where economic policies are highly distorted or 
environmental abuse is extreme, as in Russia or 
China, where estimates run to IS percent and 
more of GDP. Rules of free trade and environ- 
mental measures are therefore equally necessary 
to achieve sustainable economic growth. 

GATT does not agree. Mostly, it ignores the 
environment Wheat it has addressed environ- 
mental issues, it has generally shown itself un- 
willing or unable to take than seriously. The 
terms of the Uruguay Round agreement and the 

reached the nonsensical view that countries can 
use trade measures to protect resources, but only 
when those resources are within their own bor- 
ders, as though air, water and species stay neatly 
wi thin the lines on a map. 

Because the ruling was so extreme, Mexico, the 

frowned on for undermining mtfinational coop- 
eration, but it also goes by the name of leader- 
ship. It was the threat of a unilateral U.S. trade 
sanction, for example, dial led to the glob al ban 
on the use of destructive drift nets. Outlawing 
such steps would harness the pace of internation- 
al progress to that of the slowest marcher. 

The political environment for greening GATT 

» _ " * — r TU» F OmIm BiutliaJ krtWI 

romnlainant in thecae chose not to bring it up is not promising, The United Stales pushed hard 
for Formal adoption. (Doing so probably would for improvements m tins round, but it has not yet 
have sunk the North American Free Trade thought through or <=q>bmod to others its trade 

Agreement.) Jt hangs in limbo over GATT — a 
derision, but not yet an official precedent. 

Environmen talis ts hoped that tbe Uruguay 
Round accord might resolve some of (he doubts 
raised by the case and at least not make t hings 
worse until a post-Uruguay “green round.” That 
did not happen. The agreement does not recog- 
nize the legitimacy of even the existing global 
environmental agreements. It tightens rules so 
that additional national environmental stan- 
dards can be challenged as illegitimate restraints 
on trade. It authorizes automatic retaliation by 
the winning parw to such a dispute. 

And, as the final evidence that nothing has 
r4iangffri 1 it faded to create a permanent, standing 
committee on environment in tbe core of the new 
World Trade Organization. 

Tbe hope must now be that the lesser comrrat- 
tee that was created will reverse past perfor- 

tboughi through or explained to others its trade 
and environment goals. The European Union has 
offered no support, even whik its parliament has 
voted strongly for new policies. Developing 
(xarntries deeply fear (bat the developed wodri will 
use environmental rationales to Uodc imports of 
their products, in so-caUcd green protectionism. 

The strongest force for progress lies outride 
governments, among nongovernmental organi- 
zations. Only if they can be effectively brought 
into tbe process is there much hope of success. 

For tbe past 30 years, int ernati onal trade has 
grown twice as fast as the global econcmw, and it 
will continue to expand. Difficult as it wUl be for 
GATT to change, that fact alone makes the effort 
a top economic and environmental priority. 

The writer, a senior fellow at the Council on 
Foreign Relations, contributed this comment to 
The Washington Post. 

A New Bridge for Patient History to Surge Across 

By Philip Bowring 

and Laos, was in one sense the sym- 
bolic end of an era when ideology 
divided mafnland Southeast Asia 
between Co mmunis ts and others. 
But in another sense it was symbolic 
of the reassertion of older forces at 
work in the shaping of the region — 
ethnicity and geography. 

It was no coincidence that while 
the Thais were warmly greeting their 
Lao country cousins in the middle of 
the i.l kilometer, S30 million Aus- 
tralian-funded bridge, the govern- 
ment in Phnomh Penh was berating 
the Thais for allegedly helping the 
Khmer Rouge to (scape from the 
encirclement of their former head- 
quarters at Pailin. 

At the same time, a senior Thai 
official was publicly blaming the “lo- 
cal government” of a neighboring 
country for a series of bomb blasts 
which have disturbed the peace of 
southern Thailand in recent months. 

This was a reference to the Malay- 
sian state of Kelantan, whose fiercely 
independent and fervently Islamic 
sultan is at lragerheads with Kuala 
Lumpur as weDas stirring the aspira- 
tions of Muslims in Thaflancfs south- 
ernmost provinces. 

Visiting Laos for tbe bridge cere- 
mony was Thailand’s King Bhumi- 
bol Adulyadej. He was making his 
first official trip abroad in a quarter 
of a century, but that did not seem to 
signify a change in his attitude to 
foreign travel. Laos does not really 
count as “abroad.” After aU, there 
are more Lao-speakers in Thailand 
than in Laos. 

And if Lao across the Mekong still 
hanker after a monarch, he is the 

nearest one they have since the aboli- 
tion of the Luang Prabang-based roy- 
al house in 1975. Prior to the French 
arrival the Lao royalty were effec- 

tively vassals of Bangkok anyway — 
as indeed was tbe Kdaman sultan 

prior to the British. 

Some Lao may feel that with just 
4J milli on people, links with Thai- 
land will simply speed up the exploi- 
tation of their forests and other re- 
sources. Yet there is no real antidote 
to that. Not only are the ethnic links 
compelling, but Thailand’s natural 

The north rood, down 
which Thais originally 
came, is now open again. 

area of economic expansion is to the 
north, not just into Laos but into 
southern China. 

southern China. 

China’s southwestern Yunnan 
Province is not just half familiar 
territory for Thailand’s large ethnic 
Chinese business community. There 
are dose linguistic and cultural links 
between Thai and Lao people and 
the large non-Han minorities in 
Yunnan. For many in that part of 
China, foreign investment, if it 
means anything, will mean invest- 
ment from, or through, Thailand. 

likewise there are strong ethnic 
links between the Thais and the 
Shans (who also until recently had 
their own little monarchies) of east- 
ern Burma, who in turn fed closer 

affinity with China, whose emperor 
is very faraway, than with any Ran- 

is very far away, than with any 
goon regime. 

Tbe opium warlord and indepen- 
dence fighter Khun Sa embodies it 
all. Mandarin-speaking, half Shan, 
half Chinese, he does business main- 
ly with the weD-placed Thai traffick- 
ers and Hong Kong and Taiwan 
Chinese syndicate bosses who find 
his territory a convenient location 
for their refineries as well as an opi- 
um source. Thais find his well-run, 
well-armed little empire a conve- 
nient buffer against Burma. 

The Khmer Rouge in their heyday 
played much the same role vis-k-vis 
Vietnam. Times have changed a bit, 
but old habits are hard to break, 
particularly when they are as profit- 
able as Cambodian logs and gems 
have been for the Thai military. 

Even many outride tbe military be- 
lieve that a chaotic or divided Cam- 
bodia is in Thailand’s best interest, 
providing a zone of Thai influence 
and a barrier against Vietnam. 

So although T hailan d may have 
much to gain from a prosperous and 
united Cambodia, do not expect 
Prune Minister Ghuan Leekpai to be 
able to do much about Thai military 
help for Pol Pol He has enough trou- 
ble with an opposition-military alli- 
ance against promised constitutional 
change to trance the power of the 
nnKtary-dominaled Senate. 

On Thailand’s western border 
with Burma, things are equally con- 
fused. Mutual back-scratching be- 
tween Thai military and business 
interests on the one hand and the 
Rangoon government on the other 
go on side by side with succor for 
Shans and rebels. 

Links with Rangoon may be 
stepped up by attempts of the Asso- 

ciation of South East Asian Nations, 
now spearheaded by Singapore, to 
bring an aura of respectability to 
that regime. But on both sides, tem- 
porary opportunism scarcely veils 
historic Thri-Burmese enmity. 

To the south, T hailand and Malay- 
sia have growing trade fostered by 
geography, some industrial comple- 
mentarity and ethnic Chinese busi- 
ness links. Both governments have an 
interest in m i » l i mbin g frictions in- 
spired by local issues, and concen- 
trating on business and ASEAN. 

Yet the cultural divide between 
.predominantly Buddhist Thailand, 
with its particular national identity 
and eclectic traditions, and the Mus- 
lim and Malay world to the south is 
striking and not easy to bridge- Even 
if culture is not a problem, attitude to 
Chin* is — and may increasingly be if 
China’s influence expands to the 
point where Southeast Asian states 
must choose rides, for or against 

So, for Thailand the horizons 
south, west and east are problematic, 
even if sometimes lucrative. But the 
north road, down which Thais origi- 
nally came, is now open again. With 
it crane new opportunities to reorient 
Thailand — away from its bloated, 
almost unlrvable metropolis. 

The opening of the Mekong bridge 
was history in die making. 

International Herald Tribune. 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “Letters to the 
Editor” and contain the writer’s 
signature, name and fuD address, 
litters should be brief and are 
subject to editing. We cannot be 
responsible for the return of unso- 
licited manuscripts. 

America’s Pendulum Should Come Down to Earth 

N EW YORK — The debate over 
the sentencing of Michael Fay, 

1^1 the sentencing of Michael Fay, 
the Ohio teenager wbo vandalized 
cars in Singapore and faces being 
flogged on the bare buttocks with a 
rattan pale, flhstrates the precarious 
balance between order and liberty in 
the i m wB Asian nation. 

Singapore is probably the safest 
dty in the world, albeit at the expense 
of mam individual rights. 

Lee Kuan Yew, who ruled as prime 
minister and virtual dictator for 31 
yearn, took Singapore fnmi poverty to 
plenty in one generation. Its per capita 
gross national product is higher man 
that of its erstwhile colonizer, Britain. 

Upon leaving office in 1990 he 
took the title of senior minister, and 
he remains enormously influential. 
He has also embarked on a career of 
sorts as a pundit, speaking bis mind 
with impolitic frankness. In January, 
I interviewed him. 


Do you view the United States as a 
model for other countries ? 

I find attractive and unattractive 
features. 1 like tbe free, easy and (men 
relations between people regardless 
of social status, ethnicity or religion. 

And the things I have always ad- 
mired about America: the openness 
in argument about what is good or 
bad for society; the accountability of 
public officials and the lack of secre- 
cy and terror that are part and pared 
of Communist government. 

But as a total system, I find parts of 
it totally unacceptable: gems, drugs, 
violent crime, vagrancy, unbecoming 
behavior in pnblic — in sum, the 
breakdown of crvfl society. The expan- 
sion of tbe right of the individual to 
behave or misbehave as be pleases has 
come at the oqiense of orderly society. 

In tbe East, the main object is to 
have a well-ordered society so that 
everybody can have maximum enjoy- 
ment of his freedoms. This freedom 
can only exist in an ordered state and 
not in a natural stale of contention 
and anarchy. 

Let me give yon an example that 
encapsulates ite whole difference be- 
tween America and Singapore. Ameri- 
ca has a vicious drug problem. How 
does it solve it? It goes around the 
world helping otter anti-narcotic 
agencies to try and stop the suppliers. 
It pays for helicopters, defotiating 
3 £nts and soon. When it is provoked, 
it captures the president of Panama 
and brings Mm to trial in Florida. 

Singapore does not have that op- 

By Farced Zakaria 

Cion. We can't go to Burma and cap- 
ture warlords. What we can do is pass 
a law which says that any customs 
officer or policeman who sees any- 
body in Singapore behaving suspi- 
ciously, leading him to suspect that 
the person is under the influence of 

hCurine tested If is 

found to contain drugs, the man im- 
mediately goes for treatment In 
America, if you did that it would be 
an invasion of the individual's rights 
and you would be sued. 

I was interested to read that Colin 
Powell when be was chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the U.S. 
military followed our approach be- 
cause when a recruit signs up he 
agrees to be tested 

Now, 1 would have thought this 
kind of approach would be quite an 
effective way to deal with the terrible 
drug problem you have. But the idea 
of the inviolability of the individual 
has been turned into dogma. 

And yet nobody minds when the 
army captures the president of anoth- 
er state and puts him in jafl. I find 
that iiKxuiqjrehcnsible. This approach 
will not solve America's drug problem. 

Whereas with Singapore’s way, we 
may not solve it, but we will lessen it 
considerably, as we have done. 

Would it be fair to say that you 
admired America mare 25 years ago? 
What, in your view, went wrong? 

Yes, dungs have changed. I would 
hazard a guess that it has a lot to do 
with the erosion of the moral under- 
pinnings of a society and the dkmnu- 
tiou of persona] responsibility. 

The liberal intellectual tradition 
that developed after World War II 
claimed (bat human beings had ar- 
rived at this perfect statewnere every- 
body would be better off if they were 
allowed to do their own thing and 
flourish. It has not worked out, and 
! doubt that it will. Certain basics 
about human nature do not change. 

Man needs a certain moral sense of 
right and wrong. There is stich a thing 
called evil and it is not the result of 
being a victim of society. 

You are just an evil man, prone to 
do evil things, and you have to be 
stopped from doing them. Western- 
ers have abandoned an ethical basis 
for society, believing that all pro- 
blems are solvable by a good govern- 
ment, which we in the East never 
believed posable. 

Is such a fundamental shift in cul- 
ture irreversible? 

No, it is a swing of the pendulum. 
] think it will swing boot. I don't 
know how long it will take, but 
there’s already a backlash in America 
against failed social pofiaes that have 
resulted in people urinating in public, 
in aggressive begging in the streets, in 
social breakdown. 

You say that your real concern is 
that this system not be foisted on other 
societies because it wiu not work there. 
Is there another viable model far politi- 
cal and economic development? Is 
there an “ Asian madeff 

1 don’t think there is an Asian 
model as soch. But Aaan societies are 
unlike Western ones. Tbe fundamen- 
tal difference between Western con- 
cepts of society and government and 
East Asian concepts is that Eastern 
societies believe that (he individual 
exists in tbe context of his family. 

He is not pristine and separate. 
The family is part of the extended 
family, and then friends and the wid- 
er society. The ruler or the govern- 
ment does not try to provide for a 
person what the family best provides. 

In tbe West, especially after World 
War H, the governments came to be 
seen as so successful that they could 
fulfill all the obligations that in less 
modem societies are fulfilled by the 
family. This approach encouraged al- 
ternative families, angle mothers for 
instance, believing that government 
could provide the support to make up 
for the absent father. 

This is a bold, Huxlcyan view of 
life bat one from which I as as East 
Asian shy away. I would be afraid to 
experiment with iL Tm not sure what 
the consequences are, and I don’t like 
the consequences that I see in the 
West. You will find this view widely 
shared in East Asm. 

It’s not that we don't have single 
mattes bare. We are also caught in 
the some social problems of change 
when we educate our women and 

ment says give me a popular mandate 
and I wQl solve all society’s problems. 

What would you do instead to ad- 
dress America's problems? 

What would I do if I were an 
American? First, you must have or- 

der in society. Guns, drugs and vio- 
lent crime au go together, threa len- 

ient crime all go together, threaten- 
ingsocdal order. 

Then the schools — when you 
have violence in schools, you are not 
.going to have education, so you've 
got to put that right. 

Then you have to educate rigor- 
ously and train a whole generation 
of skilled, intelligent, knowledge- 
able people who can be productive. 

I would start off with basics, 
working on the individual looking 
at him within tbe context of his fam- 
ily, his friends, his society. 

But the Westerner says: Tfl fix 
things at the top. One magic formula, 
one grand plan. I will wave a wand 
and evoytmng will work oul” 

It’s an interesting theory bnt not a 
proven method. 

Fareed Zakaria is managing editor of 
Foreign Affairs. This was adapted by 
The New Yak Times from a longer 
article in the magazine's current issue 

No More 
The Serbs? 

By Anthony Lewis 

B OSTON —At long last the Unit- 
ed States and its allies have 
shown some courage and resolve in 
theface of brazen Serbian aggression. 
The air strikes on Serbian forces at- 
iacking Gorazde are late, far too late. 
But they could mark an end to tbe 
bewildering policy of weakness that 
followed the Sarajevo ultimatum at 
the end of February. 

Few acts of foreign policy have 
been as dramatically successful as the 
UJS.-inspired NATO ultimatum to 
the besieging Serb* to Stop shcQing 
Sarajevo.The guns were sQenced, and 
a terrorized city returned to some- 
, thing like normal life. 

Success in Sarajevo demonstrated 
what critics have been saying: that 
the Serbian aggressors would yield 
to credible threats of force. Bui in- 
stead of building on that lesson to 
stop tenor elsewhere in Bosnia, the 
Clinton administration waffled. 

The Serbs, emboldened, resumed 
their lolling. 

Defense Secretary William Perry 
made himself the spokesman for 
weakness. When tbe Serbs shelled 
Magtaj in northwest Bosnia, he said 
that “close-combat fighting” there 
and elsewhere was “difficult to influ- 
ence with the use of air power." 

General J ohn Shalikashvfli, chair- 
man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
echoed that by saying that condi- 
tions around Sarajevo “lent them- 
selves to the application of air pow- 

er," but they aid not “in any other 
places in Bosnia today.” 

Those comments took an amaz- 
ingly constricted view of air powo*. 
A main argument for its use has 
been to make the Serbs understand 
that if they go on kiltin g and terror- 
izing people, they win fed some 
punishment themselves. 

In the face of the merciless shefling 
and siege of Maglaj. NATO should 
have said something fike this to the 
Bosnian Serb military commander, 
Ratko Mladic “For every shell that 
falls an Maglaj, 10 bombs will be 
dropped on your uublary headquar- 
ters in Pale. Every time you block 
relief supplies, we will knodt out one 
of your rud or munitions dumps.” 

Last week, as the Serbs mounted a 
major artillery and ground attack on 
the enclave of Gorazde in eastern 
Bosnia, Mr. Ferry was asked on 
NBCs “Meet the Press” what be 
would do to keep the city from hong 
captured. He answered: “We will 
not enter the war to stop that from 

The attack an Gorazde was, and 

the a c^Sfy f aMWricFa^ he 
United Nations. For last year the 
UN Securify Council designated 
Gorazde as one of six “safe areas" 
that would be protected by “all nec- 
essary means, including the use of 
force” Mr. Ferry's hand-washing 
gesture on Gorazde was a virtual 
invitation to the Serbs to intensify 
their attacks, and so they did. 

On Thursday of last week the ad- 
ministration (hanged its tack. Presi- 
dent KB Clinton’s national securify 
adviser, Anthony Lake, made a seri- 
ous speech about Bosnia. “America 
cannot afford to ignore conflicts in 
Europe,” he said. The Serbs had 
plunged Bosnia into “a dark night of 
terror,” conducting “brutal sieges 
and ethnic cleansing.” Today the war 
there “presents a dear challenge: to 
NATO’s owEbflity and to our very 
vision of a post-Cdd War Europe.” 

Mr. Lake said “we must make dear 
to Serbia and to the Serbs of Bosnia 

that the costs of continued intransi- 
gence are high." And he said neither 
Mr. Oin ton nor his senior advisers— 
Mr. Ferry’s remarks notwithstanding 
— had ruled out “the use of NATO 
power to help stop attacks such as 
those against Generic.” 

Strong words. But words alone 
have never persuaded General Mla- 
dic or tbe other Bosnian Sob aggres- 
sors to desist They went ahead mxb a 
massive assault designed, as General 
Vlado Spremo said, to “occupy the 
entire region of Gorazde.” 

It was when tbe situation was des- 
perate for the defenders of Gorazde 
that the UN c ommand called for 
NATO air strikes. The first were on 
local targets — Serbian lanks $heB- 
ing the dty. If tbe Serbs do not 
withdraw at once, the next should be 
on strategic targets. 

Now we shall see whether the 
American wavering is over, the wa- 
vering of the last seven weeks, of the 
year Before that and of the year be- 
fore that under George Bush. 

President Clinton win have tbe 
country’s support if at long last he 
sets It on a dear, consistent, credible 
course of action to stop Serbian ag- 
gression and terror. 

The New York Tones. 


1094: Uganda Fi ghting 

LONDON — The following des- 
patch from Uganda readied London 
yesterday [April 11]: “Colonel Col- 
ville has declared war upon Kaba 
Rega, the most powerful chief in this 
region and one invariably hostile to 
Europeans.” The British East Africa 
Company had often threatened to 
attack Kaba Rega, but never did so. 

ana no longer need to put up with 
unhappy marriages. 

But there is grave disquiet when we 
break away from tested norms, and 
the tested norm is the family unit. It 
is tbe building bride of society. 

Governments will come, govern- 
ments will go, but this endures. We 
Start with self-reliance. In the West 
today it is the opposite. Tbe govern - 

This savage chief therefore thought 
they were afraid to try. He declared 
the company’s officers white-livered, 
and regarded himself as invincible. A 
few weeks ago Kaba Rega attacked a 
chief; cme erf die British allies at Toro. 
The chief applied to the British for aid, 
and Major Owen was Sent with 200 
Nubian sokfiers. They encountered' 
the enemy, estimated at about one 
thousand mm ... Tbe fight teed 
three hours when the enemy fled. 

tions has chosen Geneva to be tbe 
seat of the League of Nations. Gene- 
va was the personal choice of 
President Wilson, and it was sup- 
ported by Great Britain. Italy, Ja- 
pan, Serbia, Greece, Roumania and 
Brazil. Brussels, proposed by the 
Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
M. Paul Hymans, obtained also the 
votes of France, China, Portugal 
and Czecbo- Slovakia. 

1944: Assassination Fails 

1919: Geneva Selected 

PARIS— By twelve votes lo six the 
Commission of tbe League of Na- 

MEXICO CITY — [Fran our New 
York edition:] An army lieutenant, a 
member of his own palace staff, at- 
tempted to assassinate President Ma- 
nna Avila Camarfr o today [April 10], 
bnt the bate he fired at six-foot range 
passed through the President’s coat 
directly above his heart without 
wounding him. Avila Camacho, with 
the courage of an ex-army man, saved 
his life oy lunging at the assailant. 
Artillery Lieutenant Antonio £ de 

I JlTTifl an A l:- 

an aid disarmed hwn 


0 -V 


,e s -4 


Page T 

\ 3 



The Clintons’ Big Killing 
Needs Checking, as Well 

IIMSHINGTON - Jf ’ Safire 

"" has its pulse. Whhwater haf ^ observer will adjust for rafla- 

lered a quiescent 
tors silently die deeiS ' ** . mvesii S“’ 
lations sink in? ^ prev,0us reve- 

abkinv“ y ,m™! 10 1 1211 ' “ untrace- 

£? J"*® ® *e fuitSTsScrt - 

M rh^ei pul in orders to buy and seO 
S«L* "fj™ He could then aSo- 

T“ n B lrade *o ray political 
,0 ^gtrad?toS 
82iti£ te, . 0r even to rae: 1 wbu 

t en ‘‘±^r I S sses - on the dow n side of 
SJaW^- V ‘““S them to reduce 
taxable gams from other trades. 

in that way. a pol or his wife could 
make a bundle with no risk and little or 
nominal capital. The pol gets rich on 
reportable profits, while I have laun- 
dered — effectively hidden —mv con- 
tribution to him. 

This beats slipping cash under the 
table. Not only is my political friend's 
newly made” money usable for other 
investments, the transaction is too 
complicated to outrage most voters. 

Some mean-spirited par tisans are 
advancing that hypothesis — with no 
evidence offered in this case — as a 
possible explanation of Hillary Rod- 
ham Clinton's ability to turn S 1,000 (at 
most) into SI 00,000 in a single year. 

That’s a 10,000 percent return on her 
investment, more than just about any 
other investor in America in 1979. (Fair- 

A Costly Diversion 

D IVERSION from the task at hand 
is the un discussed scourge of 
Whitewater. The victims are not only 
the Clin ions but the country and all its 
citizens — and, since the United States 
is so prominent in global events, the 
world. The inquiry is taking the time 
and attention of the president and of 
Hillary Rodham Clinton, the person 
primarily responsible for addressing 
one of the most significant problems 
facing the country, health care. As in- 
vestigations and headlines proliferate, 
and members of the White House staff 
are hauled in for questioning or forced 
out of their jobs, it is no surprise to read 
in Newsweek that “inside the adminis- 
tration there is a looming sense that its 
entire domestic agenda is at risk." 

This is not to say that any president or 

g ibbe figure should be above criticism. 

ut Whitewater did not come to tight 
because it bad ramifications in public 
affairs. It was dragged to fight by matt- 
ers digging in Little Rock garbage, 
searching for something — anything— * to 
provide the exposure of errors that Amer- 
ican public discourse now requires* 

— Deborah Tannen, commenting 
in the Los AngelesTimes. 

don; that makes hen a 9,987 percent 
return.) The Clintons reject the sinister 
inference bong drawn by slavering 
hounds of the press (especially the edito- 
rial page of The Wall Street Journal, 
winch knows too much about straddles 
and futures). At first, the White House 
line was that the Clinton 100 Gs— some 
of which was lata- murkily invested in 
tax-sheltering Whitewater — was the 
result of phenomenal investment acu- 
men by a lawyer then still in her 20s. 

Sunday, backpedaling Clinton aides 
admitted to The Washington Post that 
Janos Blair, lawyer to Tyson poultry in- 
terests, did the cattle-futures ordering in . 
her behalf. (That is probably because the 
broker, Robert Rea Bone, told other re- 
porters that Mrs. C&ntan was ft stranger 
to him.) Soon after the 9,987 percent 
profit, Mr. Bora was suspended for three 
years for the preferential way he bandied 
trades and margin requirements. 

Maybe Mr. Blair and Mr. Bone oper- 
ated entirely within the law, and the 
Clintons received only good advice — 
and not what some of us leap to opine 
was in effect a 1100,000 gift. 

The special counsel may not be fol- 
lowing leads into these new areas. How 
can the public discover the troth? The 
answer from sworn testimony in con- 
gressional hearings. 

Speaker Thomas Foley and 
Chai rman Henry Gonzalez are ! 
ing in their stonewalling in the Demo- 
cratic House. They expect counsel Rob- 
ert Fiske to make a finding of suicide in 
Vincent Foster’s death, 
mMy the obfuscation of White 
counsel Bernard Nussbaum, who chose 
Mr. Fiske. The speaker will th<Jn declare 
hearings unnecessary. 

In the Senate, however. Republican 
leader Bob Dole is seeking an agreement 
with majority leader George Mitchell 
specifying a proposed makeup and tim- 
ing of the investigating committee; The 
experienced fraud squad on Senator Sam 
Nunn’s government operations staff 
should be Mr. Bone’s interlocutor. Hear- 
ings on confirmation of a Snprane Court 
justice could be held up until Whitewater 
bearings are under way. 

Why pursue this "old story” to its 
soured? Because when Whitewater was 

adytS^^^didate BUI Clinton effec- 
tively squelched it with a legal-account- 
ing ^report” that was at least mislead- 
ing, and may turn out to be a tissue of 
lies. If so, President Clinton should be 
bdd accountable. 

The pulse beats cm: the mortification 
of civil penalties, not impeachment, may 
be in store. 

Would it weaken this presidency? 
Sadly, yes. But for one-party govern- 
ment to condone a campaign cover-up 
would damay* the American system far 
worse — which is why the troth about 
Whitewater most be freshed out 
The New York Tones. . 

By TURNER in The Writ Tinw (MAo). C4W Syndicate. 

Bottoming Out in the Mud Season 

P UTNEY, Vermont — Across the 
northern hatf of New England, from 
Vermont's Lake Champlain to Maine’s 
potato country, it's just about Hn*» for 
the next season of the yean the one 
called Mud Season. 

After the fabled foliage of fall, after 
ah the snow and ice of winter, after 
months and months of long nights and 
short days, after all the boots, hats, mit- 
tens and long Johns and the frozen water 
pipes, after what turned out this year to 
be record colds and record snows — 
after all that, just when the rest of the 

tomatoe^iS^g^x^^^fiid. ^ 

Up here, that doesn't mean just a little 
bit of s oggy topsoil. Mud Season means 
real moaTthe kind of boot-sucking, axe- 
grabbing, carpet-wrecking, supersatu- 
rated muck that just gobbles up two- 
wheel-drive imports driven by flat-, 
landers from Boston or New York. 

“Mud Season is a notation of Nature, 
not of the calendar,” writes the farmer 
and essayist Richard M. Ketdmm in his 
book “Second Cuttings: Letters from 
the Country." Mud, Mr. Ketdium adds, 
“describes an interval of indeterminate 
duration between winter and spring. It 
has none of spring's fripperies or fill’s 
harlot colors, none of winter’s white 


Marching Into a Squeeze 

Regarding the report “ China Seizes 
LeadtngDissidenJ, Setting Stage for New 
Rights Friction” (April 2 ): 

While the seizure of Wd Jingsheng 
was repugnant, the setting of the stage 
for new f notion was not the doing of the 
Chinese and their predictable behavior 
toward dissidents; rather the blame be- 
longs squarely on the doorstep of the 
United Stales and its secretary of state. 

With a scintilla of foresight, Warren 
Christopher could easily have avoided 
the uncomfortable squeeze and embar- 
rassment brought to himself and his 
country during bis recent trip to China. 
The barest of social graces prevents 
marching into another’s home to de- 
mand that the resident must conform to 
our idea of world order. If we don’t like 
what our host stands for, we don't 
but if we go we must abide by the i 
of civility and diplomacy. 

As a paid practitioner of diplomacy, 
Mr. Christopher is well advised to re- 
fresh his memory of its definition: skin 
in handling affairs without arousing bos- 

tion of the situation in South Africa. As 
an undemocratic, racially divided, artifi- 
cially constituted union moves toward 
fulfillment for its various peoples, why 
should the Zulus not * “ 

aspire to regain 
d the peoples of 

were forethought perspective, skill ... 
mannas. Is it hard to guess how the 
United States would react if a Chinese 
leader did the same in Washingtou? 



Aspirations of die Zulus 

Regarding the editorial “ The Trouble- 
making Chief ” (April Ih 
This editorial is an nowise appreda- 

thear nationhood as did 
the forma Soviet Union? 


Le Minds. 


Painful Choices 

“Torture” and “dictatorship" are 
harsh words, and William Satire (in 
“Singapore’s Assertion of a Right to Tor- 
ture Is Intolerable,’' Opinion, April 8) 
uses them wdl in his eloquent condem- 
nation of Singapore's flogging laws. 

He paints a broad landscape filled 
with sweeping historical metaphors — 
from the Spanish Inquisition and Nazi 
atrocities to the plight of Kurds under 
Saddam Hussein — all in defense of his 
own arbitrary distinction that fit 
is intolerable while death from 
injection is not. 

He dismisses the overwhelming sup- 
port of both Singaporeans and Ameri- 
cans for the caning sentence as an over- 
reaction by those who have had their 
antennae ripped off their cars. Surely 
Americans are outraged at something 
more than a few broken car aniennne. 
They are outraged at the senseless vio- 
lence, easy drugs and wasted lives that 
pervade all levels of their society today. 

Mr. Safire is concerned with abstract 
principles drawn from his own Judeo- 
Christian upbringing but fails to under- 
stand the painful choices that societies 

have to makft On caning, victims of 
crime have more often been known to be 
scarred for life, and there are certainly 
occasions in which such harsh measures 
may serve as an effective deterrent. On 
dicatorahip, Singapore in time will have 
to relax its restrictive environment as the 
material needs of its people are met and 
it strives to promote and attract the 
strills necessary in an increasingly com- 
petitive global environment 

Fa now, Mr. Safins will have to for- 
give us foreigners for making hard social 
choices that do not conform to his aes- 
thetic sensibilities. 



Mr. Satire’s use of journalistic license 
to besmear a democratically elected gov- 
ernment is intolerable. 

I winder how he would define law- 
lessness”? Is it not ironic that he chooses 
to describe Singapore as a lawless state 
where the law is respected — as opposed 
to the United Stales where, I gather, 
justice is far Cram exemplary? 


Clermont-Ferrand, France. 

Michael Fay interrupts my sweet 
dreams of Singapore. He steals in tell- 
ing me he has had a caning. His but- 
tocks look like hamburger that I 
bought earlier in the day. To an expa- 
triate who has been here for nmc 
months, the shine of Singapore is off. 
Singapore has indeed been very crueL 


By Ghrfetopher B. Daly 

mantis or summer’s h »sbnes^ The 
is sloppy and slow, the ground under- 
foot soggy and treacherous.” 

Mud Season seems to hold its tightest 
grip on Vermont, a world of steep hills 
and dirt roads where traction is next to 
godliness this month. In early April, just 
getting the mail am be an adventure. 

The science of mud is pretty straight- 
forward. The ground freezes dining the 
cold New England winter anywhere 
from two to four or more feet down. The 
depth of the freeze depends largely on 


the lateness of the winter’s first snow, 
since snow insulates the soiL The later 
the first snow, the deeper the freeze. 

When war mer weather finally re- 
turns, the ground slowly thaws out 
from the top down. The bottom layer of 
frozen soil acts like a giant saucer, trap- 
ping any moisture above iL 

On the surface, meanwhile, three to 
six feel of snow is melting and spring 
rains are pounding down. Combined, 
they produce a tremendous amount of 
water with nowhere to go. When it mixes 
with New England’s fine-grained soil, 
the result is serious mnd. 

Of the five seasons of the year. Mud 
muck and stains, the melting snow re- 
veals all of the winter’s anwnal drop- 
pings and whatever other detritus has 
lain buried and frozen all winter. 

So far at least. Mud Season has 
proved immune to cuteness. There are 
no mud festivals, no mud queens or 
mudslinging contests. 

It does have its own not-so-diy hu- 
mor. Dick Swetertitsch, a folklorist at 
the University of Vermont, collects mud 
jokes like this one: 

Two farmers are sitting on a front 
porch looking out at a muddy road. All 
of a sudden they see a hat belonging to 
another neighbor, Frank, come slitting 
down the road. They go to investigate 
and lift the hat from the road. 

Sure enough, there’s Frank under- 
neath, moving Steadily through the mud. 

“No problem, “ says Frank, Tm on 
my horse!" 

One Vermonter who knows his mud 
is Frank Bryan. A political scientist at 
the University of Vermont in Burling- 
ton, resident of a dirt road and co- 
author of “Real Vermonters Don’t 
Milk Goats,” he says the biggest dan- 
ger is “bottoming out” 

That is the term for what happens 
when a motor vehicle (usually a rear- 
wheel-drive sedan) meets more mud 
Than it can haudle. 

“You get in so much mud that you 
are sitting on the axles. There is no 
bottom. You are just floating,” Mr. 
Bryan explained. 

To dnve through mud, he said 
“You’ve got to drive like hell" You just 
stay in low gear and floor it. 

“It’s just the opposite of driving in 
snow. A lot of flatlanders don’t have 

tbe guts for it," Mr. Bryan said in an 
interview in which he unsuccessfully 
tried to stifle a chortle. 

“If s a Ut like driving on train tracks. 
There’s a ml where somebody else has 
gone through tbe mud 

“You try to stay in tbe ruts. Some- 
times, the rear wheels get in one rut and 
the front get in another and you land of 
go sideways.” 

Not surprisingly, a lot of things be- 
sides cars come a halt 
Many towns forbid 
track because the weight wrecks 
when they are muddy. Loggers often 
hare to step cutting trees, because nulls 
mil not accept mud-covered timber, it 
gums up their saws. 

But it can be a busy time of year 

Not by accident, rids is the time of 
year when New England villages hold 
tHrir annual town meetings. Long ago. 
Yankees decided to jam all their eovero- 
mmt and politics into one daylong 
binge, timed to take place just before the 
roads became impassable with mud. 

It is also maple sugar time. When the 
nights are cold and the days are warm, 
sap rises in the giant maple trees, and 
New Englanders tap the trees to gather 
the sap. The sap is collected and boiled 
to make the maple syrup for a hungry 
nation’s pancakes. 

And its tbe time of year when sheep 
drop their new lambs. 

Mr. Bryan described what happened 
one night when he and his wife tried to 
make it home up Big Hollow Road in 

“We bottomed out So what I did 
was get out and put the jack under the 
bade bumper. Inkead of the car going 

up, the^ 


ppcars, down into the 
mnd. If you’re lucky enough to hit 
something hard, you jack it up a few 
inches, then run around to the other 
side and push the car off the jack. 

“Remember, it’s cold . . . and 
you’ve got your good shoes on. Your 
wife holds the flashlight, and you fish 
around underneath the bumper lor the 
jack. Then you run around to the front 
and repeat the process. 

“You are literally trying to walk the 
car across the road, looking for a rut 
you can use.” 

Greg Winchester, who works the tow 
truck at Rod’s Mobil in Putney, says he 
gets as many as four calls a day at the 
height of Mud Season, especially on 
weekends when tourists are likely to be 
on the roads. 

But natives bottom out, too. 

“It’s more guys that get stuck, be- 
cause they think they can make it," he 
stud. Once, even his wrecker got stuck 
and needed a tow. 

Sometimes, the old ways are best 
Mr. Bryan says that when all else fails, 
he hitches up the oxea. Nothing has 
stopped them yet. 

“It's a hopeful time of year," Mr. 
Bryan adds. “Because if Mud Season 
comes, can spring be far behind? Ver- 
monters can sense spring the way mari- 
ners can sense land. 

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International Herald Tribune 
Tuesday, April 12, 1994 

Hawthorn and Horsetail 

French Fashion in Herbal Remedies 

By Mariise Simons 

New York Turn Service 


AR1S — Presiding over a great assembly of 
500 kinds of plants. Michel Pierre has to 
watch his words. He cannot call them medi- 
cines or use teems like curing or healing. Yet 

• ■ . ■ .1 ... ... . * « 1 Mairflll 

Adepts recommended healing through magnetism, 
acupuncture and homeopathy, among other methods. 

"This is more about the art than about the scteoce of 
medicine,” said Reoate Fournier, one of the organiz- 
ers. "Many people fed that medicine has become too 
cold, too mechanical." 

The fair, which began 1 1 years ago, has really taken 

off in the last two years. she added, noting that with 

this herbalist in the old heart of Pam knows exactly help from the government Bureau for Consumer At- 

mm ■ _ * L.J — .—-I - ■* Ml* nLmridlnMo 

where to turn when an ailm ent needs a remedy. fans, c 
“Red vine leaves, good for the circularise," he said. Inti 
traimp p Na vigating among baskets Stuffed with pistS, i 

leaves and bawls full of seeds, he offered marigold to evidem 
dear ths frlriw, borcatafl to snoihe a client’s rfa cumarLsni missed 
and hawthorn to calm the nerves. "Cholesterol?” slowly 
Pierre said. “Make a tea of tins American chrysanthc- Regi 
mum. Or else of artichoke leaves.” 0*1 ^ 

Botany has virtually disappeared from the curricu- ing ini 
him of France's medical and phar- 
macy students, and the country's 

MSXtS The French are 

fairs, organizers had weeded out charlatans. 

In the great crowded haD, visited by doctors, thera- 
pists, and ordinary people, Fournier said she saw 
evidence that methods mat oily recently were dis- 
missed as too okL-fashtemed or too esotenc wore now 
slowly finding their way into mainstream medicine. 

Rcgjne Simonct, the editor of the magazine Medi- 
cine Douce (circulation 100,000), holds that the grow- 

has moved ever deeper into syntbet- xuc x x cuuu ate 

turning again to old 

concoctions to help 

along with then 1 devotion to food, ««««><; nrtrj Ijvprc 
also tovejpotions and remedies and nCTVeS dDO UVGIts. 
they swaltow up to three times more — — — — — 

stimulants and sedatives than their 
European neighbors. But these days, they are turning 
a gain to old herbal concoctions to help their digestion, 
sleep, jangled nerves and abused livers. 

Gowers and health food stores report that sales of 
medicinal herbs have doubled in less than. 10 years. 
While plants were always the mainstay of medications, 
chemistry made it posable to isolate and copy them in 
the laboratory. Pharmacies have joined the trend by 
o-lHng capsules and infuaoas filled with natural plant 

“For the last 30 years, the chemical drugs had made 
such great progress that people had forgotten about 
plants," said Jean Gaulin, president of the national 
Association of Pharmacists. “Now there’s a return to 
plants because we remember that they act gently and 
may be less invasive than chemically based medicines-" 

While not powerful enough for serious diseases, he 
added, “for some ailments the healing dose in a plant 
can be enough.” 

Herbal medicine is only part of the country’s grow- 
ing movement toward a less high-tech approach to 
treating the sick. As in other European countries, there 
is a rising interest in France in alternative and preven- 
tive medicine. 

The armnal Fair of Alternative Medicine, in Paris, 
which has become the largest exhibition of its kind in 
Europe, drew 50,000 viators last month. 

Among the therapies on display — most of them 
outride conventional medicine — were gently rocking 
beds for relaxation, music that can produce natural 
opiates in the brain, and bee glue used as antiseptic. 

ing interest in natural health care is linked (o people’s 
fears — fear of dependency and 
■ side effects of synthetic drugs, fear 
of too many chemicals in the envi- 
1 2LT6 ronmeot and in one’s own body, 

• . j j fear of losing even more contact 

.LA tO Old with nature: 

- hezln France’s powerful medical asso- 
3 TO uGip datum has opposed recognition 
Kmore even of therapists now widely h- 

JlVCio. censed in the West, like dhiroprac- 
tors, osteopaths arid acupunctur- 
ists. Proposals cm recognition have 
also been held back by the parliament, where 62 of the 
577 deputies are members of the medical profession. 

The Minis try of Health, while skiing with the doc- 
tors and the $16-bfflk»-a-year pharmaceutical indus- 
try on most issues, is norietheMSs quietly promoting 
some natural therapies not seen as threatening the 
medical establishment. It has licensed many new ther- 
mal spas and centos far thalassotherapy, which use 
algae and warm seawater to invigorate health and 
soothe stress and aches. 

Going to thermal spas, an aodenc tradition here, 
has never been so popular. In 1 993, one in nine citizens 
went to one of France’s 104 officially recog n iz e d spas. 

In Paris, a recent survey found that one in five 
households now use herbal remedies. Even at elegant 
P arisian dinner tables, chances are that an “infusion” 
of verbena, linden or mint appears to dispatch a meal 

Proof that hobs arc an expanding business is the 
fact that pharmacies, health rood stores, and super- 
maikets are all squabbling over a piece oS the motet, 
with pharmacies demanding a monopoly over most 
therapeutic plants. Producers say this is all good news. 

food fair, saiTthatra^ hw farm at DoaeTa-Fontainche 
now grows five tons a year, twice as much as 10 years 
ago. Planting, weeding and harvesting, he said with 
pride, is done by 40 handicapped workers who had 
never before had a job. “Herbs can do so much good," 
Dupuis said, noting he had just IriUed off a lurking 
cola with a thick brew of thyme. 

A New Nose in Perfume 

By Jean Rafferty 

P ARIS — Patricia de Nico- 
lai is the hot new name in 
the rarefied world of 
French fragrance: And as 
a great-granddaughter of the leg- 
endary perfumer Pierre Gueriain, 
she’s a hot old name too. 

The French film star Isabelle 

Adjani swears by her Ofcpuseule 
Vanille (Vanilla Twflieht) scented 

Vantile (Vanilla Twilight) scented 
candles. Her new Sacrebleu! is the 
actress Mkh&e Morgan’s favorite: 
Not only is the writer Frfderic 
Dard mad about New York, her 
spicy men’s fragrance, but his fic- 
tional characters also trail the ele- 
gant wake of her perfumes in his 
San Antonio books. 

What sends this celebrity clientele 
flocking to her two Paris shops — 
one next to her atelier in the 16th 

in September, is an opulent melange 
of vanilla and incense, coriander 
and patchouli, black-currant buds, 
cinnamon and jasmine: 

Fragrances like Le Temps d’une 
Fete (deliciously floral and fruity 
with cassis, jasmine and orange 
blossom, ylang-ylang and sandal- 
wood), Munosalque (like an annful 
of mimosa). Odalisque (a powdery, 
green blend with to enormous 
amount of iris”) and Grandes Va- 
cances (a young, floral scent with 

cmnamoD and time) demonstrate 
her signature style. Her packaging, 

arrondtsscmeni (69 Avenue Ray- 
mond Poincarfc). the other on the 

mond Poincarfc), the other on the 
Left Bank (80 Rue GrcneQe) — is 
the originally of Nicolai's composi- 
tions. Sacrebleu!, which has soared 
into best-sdlerdom since its Launch 

her signature style. Her packaging, 
too, is exceptional: Parfumsde Ni- 
colai are bottled in ritver-stop- 
pered, handWown colored glass or 
crystal flacons that can be person- 
alized with engraving. 

A mother of three young sons 
and a 6-monlb-old daughter, the 
36-year-old perfumer has also de- 
signed the perfect baby present: an 
eau de bibe called Petit Angp, 
which is a breezy blend of grape- 
fruit, lilac and vanilla. For special 
cheats, she will create a personal- 
ized perfume. And her prices are 
veiy competitive. 

, NicolaTs success is (be result of 
creativity and an insistence on top- 



heady atmosphere of the great 
I Gueriain scents tike Shahmar and 


at ready-to-wear prices: 
our ambition 
horn generation 
to generation 
over the past 60 years. 

L/Heurc Bleu. 

After training iq Grasse and 
waiting for an international per- 
fume development group, she 
formed her own company with her 
husband, Jean-Louis Michau, an 
economist, four years ago. 

“I make all my fragrances my- 
self, buying all the raw materials," 
she said. “That is the big difference, 
the way you control both quality 
and margins. 

“It's a renewal of the old tradi- 
tions of French perfume houses. Of 

the big names, only Gueriain, Cha- 
nel and Patou stiU work this way 
with in-house perfumers. 

“Jean-Pad Gueriain [the current 
‘nose’], who is a gastronome, com- 
pares it to the difference between 
cooking at home and using a cater- 

34, me Vivienne 75602 Paris. 
TeL (1)4233 93 61 

M's easy to sib 
in VfeoDO 

Mcdfc 0660-8155 
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^ ‘W 


The Comeback of Glamour 

New Materials for the New Woman 

By Suzy Menkes 

Intaiuaumal Herald Tribune 

N seasons ago, American fashion plunged 
into grunge — the scruffy, don’t-care style 
that the Seattle rode star 

EW YORK —The death of Kurt Cobain 

knitted top and flecked skin. The show swung about, 
from its rrrm tailoring that brought an admiral's jacket 

and matdot pants, to soft tunics and pants in painted 
Yd vets. But Blass stayed the course. 

Oscar de la Renta’s show was glamorous — but was 

tolls the pasting of a fashkm era. Three it modem? The paisley and cbertah-print coat that 
r » • _ » j fliA rkmu c n wn w wl im tlw plaKnratP nrtmrss of 

ned the show summed qp the elaborate richness of 


Fake fur is a hot story in the New Yodt season, and 

3 , . de la Renta had Persian lamb trimming Mack crepe 

Now New Yak dMgnershavefound a nwNiro (no Jf to bena (Wj^vShteoge and ta£ 

na for th e 1990s: glanMKm The shows are all m their it was all part of a vaguely Easton exotic theme 
different ways about redefining feminine allure. fhn f RtamDed from ^ to 

that stanq)ed paisley prints on anything fron wool to 
You can read that inessaffli on the glossy Kps of the driffcm to painted velvet, and included those floating 
onetime waif model Kate Moss, who has now gained a caftans that mythical hostesses wear at home. Such 

er. It is going to be definitely better 
and with die money you save, you 
can buy expensive ingredients like 

She describes ha own fragrance 
style as “refined, elegant, and with 
a certain discretion.” Ha perfumes 
indulge, but don’t overwhelm the 
senses. “We have almost forgotten 
fragrance should smell good, not 
just strong,” she says. 

Though the base note of the fra- 
grance is her first priority, she says 
a Iticky top note is indiqrensable. 
“It’s the first smell when you spray 
it an the wrist,” she said. “In the 
seconds that follow, the cheat must 
be instantly seduced.” 

The base note, which is revealed 
after several «™nnt« and is the 
fragrance that lingers, is even more 
vital. “Thai’s what makes the client 

familiar luxury needs to be re-invented. 

Zaran can claim to have given a new interpretation 
to Imony by giving his snmrte cJotbes richness of 
texture th at is fdt rather than flaunted. Showing 
suntan, bloade highlights, a few pounds and some downtown in an airy loft, his take cm glamour means 


embryonic curres. 

ease instead of tease. Nothing in the collection gripped 

Glamoor was the theme of the polished collection the body. Instead, a top would stand away at the waist 
sent out by Marc Jacobs — the designer whose career above narrow pants or the short sarong skirts that 

was thrown off course when he espoused grunge. 
Calvin Klein moved his CK line from streetwise to 

were the basis of the collection. 

The mix was of “dry” and “wet" fabrics — gauzy 

sleek style. Bill Blass brought a new confidence to his cashmere oroiganza with slithering satin or the softest 
uptown look. And downtown designers hare cleaned gray alpaca. lYmic ^effects included a hooded ponciio, 

come back and buy again,” she 

up their act, offering bright shiny 
clothes for the new nriUcnmum or 

“SwtS&g- The hottest ticket 

ing moment was not sent out by one fOWU WBS LtlUlct 

of New York’s big names — most 
of whom have yet to show. It was 
Laura Whitcomb’s ode to the Play- 
boy bunny. 

Her outrageous Label shew, with 
its flopsy-bmmy logo and super- 
sexist dothes was the hottest ticket 

Whitcomb’s ode to 
the Playboy bunny. 

its hem dipping and diving. Zoran 
enriches murimalisn) without ever 
making it look showy. 

In a different way, Calvin Klein, 
another disciple of minimalism, 
took his sporty CK line upscale. 
The show may have opened with 
casual plaid separates, but potisbed 
makeup and tidy ponytailed hair 
gave the clothes a discreet elegance. 
Klein also introduced among the 
brief A-line skirts the over-lbe-knee 

D esigning a winner 

isn’t easy. Sacrebleu! 
took two years to cre- 
ate. “I wanted a grand 
perfume with an Oriental vanilla 
note,” she said, “but not too heavy, 
obvious or sickly. I had something 
very good, but too bask. I needed a 
top note to fuse the compositions 
and I bad a lot of trouble.” 

With the help of a friend, the 
perfumer Francois Robert at Dra- 
goco, she found the solution: “a 
tight note with a touch of raspber- 
ry, peach and apricot, and then I 
added a fruity jasmine.” The result, 
she says happQy, “is the kind of star 
p erfume that only happens once in 
10 years.” 

Promoting fragrances from a 
small house isn’t easy, either. In ad- 
dition to Paris, the Parfums de Nico- 
lai have limited distribution else- 
where in Europe, including Liberty's 
and Harrods in London, as well as 
in Tokyo, Samti Arabia and the 
United Arab Emirates. Using (he 
success of Sacrebleu! as a spring- 
boand, Nicolai is currently talking to 
Saks in the United Slates and plans 
a major expansion in France. 

“Our goal is to be one of the top 

10 French fragrances in the next 
five years,” says Michan. 

in town. Its fluffy bodysuits, caody^swecf baby pink length that may torn out to be the new silhouette of the 
and blue colors and ironic accentuate- the-fexninine season. In proportion to a finger-tip length jacket, 

stance set tbc agenda for post-femimsl power dressing. 
The New Woman has new materials to play with: 

with a tailored ; 
a take on the 1 

little black 

ine riew woman u« new maicmu* grown-up gracefulness, 

deep-pile fabrics, especially angora, mohair and fake & 
fig of every kind from early Mongolian lamb to big cal There is no more oc 

mints orfaux coney and pony. Shemay^ wear ha skirts ored brastiere uplifting 

eckedhose, and as 
the dothes had a 


indecently short in the slottish schoolgirl look current- 

There is no more out-of-date glamour than a col- 
ored brassiere uplifting a see-through dress. That was 
the unfortunate image created by the Lmidon omnpa- 

ly walking the international nmways. Or she might try ny Ghost, which tried much too hard — like so many 
tbc option of an over-the-knee hemline, offered by otha minor designos— to fill the big runway in New 

Jacobs and Klein as fashion’s New Lode. 

York’s fashion tents. 

Jacobs's collection was all about being grown-up 
and glamorous. Although the show was paidiy, it had 
moments of brilliance — not least the vivid combina- 
tions of color as a grass-green raincoat, belted and 
stepping over-the-knee contrasted with buttercup yel- 
low rubber top, or a bright, mat sheading jacket met a 
pair of gleaming pants printed with a holograph of 
sequins. Vinyl, leather and rubber gave a modem spin 
to dothes that in otha ways woe redolent of 1950s 

The play cm fabrics and textures was Jacobs’s stron- 
gest suit, and the way he put ids show together with 
high heels and real jewels — diamonds no less. It 
showed the wit and touch of kitsch that are Jacobs’s 
signature. Only takes on Yves Saint Lament’s tuxedos 
and indeterminate day dresses lacked punch. 

Jean Rafferty is a Paris- based 
journalist who specializes in design 
j and lifestyle. 

Top row : Laura Whitcomb's bunny with corset 
sweater and fluffy skirt; Oscar de la Renta’a faux chee- 
tah and painsley print, and Marc J acobs’s shapely 
shearling with glitter sweater and hologram pants; be- 
low , Cabin's Klein over-the-knee black dress for his 
CK line and Bill Blass's military jacket and pants. 

You have to hand it to BiD Blass — a veteran of 
upscale fashion’s rise and fall — for showing refresh- 
ing energy. Ms show opened with a flourish — three 
double-raced wool coats swinging down the runway in 
a splash of purple, orange, grass green and f uchs ia. To 
the optimistic colors, Blass added graphic effects — 
not just bold checks for tailored pantsuits, but a coat 
in variegated black and white stupes. 

The idea w» to break up optically the familiar suit. 
Another trompc Tool effect was to give a dress a 

The downtown clothes echo tbe Belgian new-wave 
designers and are part of an international under- 
ground that is rejecting brash modernity in favor of 
quirky romance and that focuses on nature and con- 
cerns for the environment 

The ultimate statement was made by Sylvia HeiseL 
Among her collection of Tnitlemrfitm glamour — shiny 
cheongsam rubber dresses and tough nylon coats in 
astronomical fabric — was a hot-pink coat It was 
made from a material that absorbs ultraviolet rays 
until it turns gray within three months. Glamour 
fashion with a caring face. 


mg A 

The downtown shows, showing capsule collections 
in small and interesting venues, woe the highlight of 
tbe weekend. For these designers — mostly women— 
hemlines are long, the sflbouette soft, colors natural >• 
and the currency is modem romance. V 

Tbe Nigerian-born Lola Fatnroti offered African ^ 
Victoriana — all tree-bark and dust-bowl browns for 9 
graceful long clothes that mixed limpid satin with 
fuzzy mohair. Shoes crackled with old wax and gentle 
long dresses in rustic fabrics proclaimed J. Morgan ' 
Puett’s origins from a family of beekeepers in Georgia. 

The two-woman team behind M3u harked back to 
their Romanian origins for peasant-inspired clothes in 
canvas and calico. 


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International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, April 12, 1994 

Page 9 

25 TRIB INDEX: 1 1 1 . 52 |& 

280 Tri * ,une Wortd Stock Index O, composed of 

,nve ^able stocks from 25 countries, complied 
uy aioomberg Business News. Jan. 1 , 1 992 = 100. 

N D 





■ A*»a/PaciHc 



Appro*- vse^hUng: 32% 

Owe: 129.45 Prev: 12758 




Approx, rafotfng: 37% 
Close: 11100 prwj 111^7 



N D J F M 



N D J F 

M A 

■ North America 

Latin America 

Approx weighting: 26 % 

Close: 91.13 Prev.: 90.95 



Approx, waiting: 5% . 
Close: 1 T8£6 Prov^ li&3| 



N D 

Worid Index 

Hu index tracks U.S. dollar values of stocks Ik Tokyo, Now York, London, and 
Argentina, Australia, Austria. Belgium, Brazil, Canotta, CMa, Denmark, Hntand, 
Franco, Germany, Hong Kong, tt*y, Mexico, Netherlands, Non Zealand, Norway, 
Singapore. Spain, Smdon, Swttnrtaid and Venezuela. For TbAyo, New York and 
London, die index is composed of the 20 top ksues In terms of marital captiaButbn, 
otherwise the ten top stocks are tracked. 

1 Industrial Sectors S 

Moil Pm. % 

daw dam etaiga 








109.12 107.60 +1.41 

Capital Goods 





122.19 120.40 +1.49 




40 SI 


117.77 116.15 +1J9 

Consumer Goods 





116.54 115.59 +0,82 





For mots information about the Index, a booMot kavatablB fine of charge. 

Write to Trib Index. 181 Avenue Charies de GauSe, 92521 NatdfyCedox France. 

Wheelock Looks for a New Image 

Hong Kong Company Seeks Out a Colonial Name 

By Kevin Murphy 

International Herald Tribune 

HONG KONG — It is not enough to ride 
the ferries and trams, nse the nmrt rf s , watch 
the new cable idevirion network, shop in the 
department stores, stay in the hotels or rent 
the scares of office space. 

Wheel ock & Co.'s chairman, Peter Woo 
Kwong-ching, wants you to like him and his 
companies, too. 

In recent years, Wheelock and its main 
subsidiary Wharf (Holdings) Ltd, which 
sprawl across Hong Kong’s real estate, infra- 
structure and service sectors, have mounted a 
marketing campaign unlike any by their rival 
hongs, traditional local trading houses turned 

In contrast to many Asian companies that 
shroud their activities in as nmch mystery as 
company regulations allow, Mr. Woo, Wharf 

you tuioi local reporters 
At a time when the Union Jack wfl) soon be 
lowered for the last time, and Hong Kong 
companies are stressing their Chinese identi- 
ty, Mr. Woo has renamed his flagship after a 
trading house, Wheelock Marden, that 
thrived in colonial times. (Mr. Woo is an 
adviser to Beijing who recently also became a 
trustee of his alma mater, Columbia Univer- 
sity in New York.) 

From ah accounts, the branding campaign, 
matched with consistently strong earnings 
growth and good guemxi, or connections, m 
China, has worked — al times, almost too wdL 
Within days of the August announcement 
that Mr. Woo and John Hung, its marketing 
mastermind, would leave Wharf to concen- 
trate their efforts on its underperforming 
parent, Wheelock’s share price began a rapid 
climb from about 10 Hang Kong (man 
(SI JO) a share to its aH-time high of 23 JO 
Hang Kong dollars in early January. 

But the group's success in promoting CH- 

UBS Securities in Hoag Kong. “There is a 
good story in Lb ere.” 

Wharf’s profit surged 33 percent, to 2.73 
$353 million), in 

billion Hong Kong dollars (3 
1993 with analysts 

growth this year. 

saw its half-year 

Source: Bioombarg 


na as pan of its road show nearly backfired 
when the giant economy showed signs of 
overheating: Investors feared the group's 
China exposure was far greater than its actual 


However, Wharf stock, once a laggard, is 
now a Hang Seng index leader and Wharf is 
one of only two Hong Kong corporations 
with an international credit rating. 

“Basically it has been the bat-formed and 
best-orchestrated investor relations program 
in Hong Kong," said Peter Omrchhonse, a 
director at Morgan Stanley Asia. 

“It has been dismissed as hype in some 
, but one should not be bfindsided by 
rather aggressive marketing exercise,” 
said John Mulcahy, manag in g director of 

profit in September last year rise by 61per- 
cent, to the equivalent of about $120 million, 
and a strong full -year p e rfo rm ance is widely 
anticipated since most of its profit is derived 
from wharf. 

Along the way, Mr. Woo, entrusted by Sir 
Y.K. Pao, his father-in-law as weD as a ship- 
ping magnate and corporate raider, to ran a 
major part of the family empire, has become 
one of the colony’s highest-profile tycoons 
with a carefully crafted image as an interna- 
tional mover and shaker, sportsman and phi- 

While another son-in-law, Helmut Sob- 
men, who runs the family's privately held 
shimring business, has adopted a lower pro- 
file lately, the local media delights in stories 
that ph an ambitious Mr. Woo and his com- 
panies a gains t Li Ka-rfiing, an older and 
ably richer tycoon of the Hutchison 

But analysts say Mr. Woo’s woridlwess, 
kept under wraps while Sr YX was alive out 
of Chinese filial respect, is all pan of the 

image gamp 

“Families tend to dominate business in 
Asia,” said Mr. Mulcahy. “Investors like to 
know what makes them tick, so if s appropri- 
ate that the family representative is visible, 
credible and accessible.” 

“On the face of it, be hasn’t done anything 
spiwy; he's not seen as a wheeler-dealer or a 
crook," said CHve Weedon, an analyst with 
Asia Equity Ltd, a Hong Kong brokerage. 

Flush with cash and talking big, Mr. Woo 
and a tight entourage of equally accessible 

See WHEELOCK, Page 13 

Workers Back 
Austerity Plan 
At Air France 

Compiled by Ovr Staff From Dlspascha 

PARIS — Workers at Air France 
overwhdmmgty approved a restruc- 
turing plan that includes salary cuts 
for some, the airline said Monday, 
averting a potentially fatal blow to 
France’s national carrier. 

A spokesman said 81 percent of 
those voting had approved the pro- 
posals from the ehanman, Christian 
Blanc, that wfll unlock about 20 
bfllkm francs ($3 billion) in state 
aid. The spokesman said that nearly 
84 percent of the 40,000 employees 
had voted in the referendum. 

The plan seeks to cut costs by 30 
percent by 1997. Both Mr. Blanc 
and Transportation Minister Ber- 
nard Bosson had said they would 
resign if the proposal failed, and 
the carrier might have been forced 
into bankruptcy. 

“I am proud for Air France,” 
Mr. Blanc said of the results. 

Air France had a loss estimated at 
15 billion francs ($1 trillion) last 
year, and its total debt now stands at 
around 36 billion francs. In recent 
months, it has bad to borrow money 
to buy fuel or meet its payroll 

The restructuring plan involves 
voluntary cuts in pay in exchange 
for an employee stock ownership 

An internal survey disclosed by 
the company in February showed 
that of 14,000 employees respond- 
ing, 51 percent said they would 
accept salary cuts to save theirjobs. 

An earlier restructuring propos- 
al, which called for laying off 4,000 

Fears of Growing Trade Friction Push the Yen Higher 

© International HwaMTffljunB 

NEW YORK —The dollar was 
hammered lows- against the yen 
Monday after a prominent econo- 
mist predicted that the US. curren- 
cy would tumble to between 90 and 
100 yen becanse erf increasing diffi- 
culties in resolving trade disputes. 

“If Japan’s economy stays as 
weak as it now looks — less than 
1.0 percent growth this year — the 
yen has to strengthen to somewhere 
between 90 and 100 yen,” said G 

Fred Bogsten, director of the Insti- 
tute f» International Economics in 
Washington, D.G 

Although Mr. Bergsten has been 
a high-yea hawk, Ms comments, 
mnring when they did, carried ad- 
ditional weight. Currency market 
participants expect the U.S. gov- 
ernment may resort to jawboning 
up the yen to force trade conces- 
sions if the change of political lead- 

ership in Japan results in further 
delays to trade negotiations. 

“People in the market think the 
Jade of progress on trade means 
more pressure on the dollar,” said 
Steve Flanagan, a trader at 
PaineWebber Inc. “That pressure 
is certainly on today.” 

The dollar finished in New York 
at 103.45 yen, down from 105.255 
on Friday. The US. currency also 
edged down to 5.8648 French 

francs from 5.8655 Friday and to 
1.4410 Swiss francs from 1.4445. 

The dollar was able to edge up 
against the Deutsche mark, reach- 
ing 1.7130 DM, after 1.7125 on 
Friday. The pound weakened to 
$1.4705 from $1.4768. 

Morihiro Hosokawa, who re- 
signed his Dost of prime minister of 
Japan on Friday, bad been expected 
to provide details by June on a pack- 

age of measures aimed at opening 
Japanese markets to U.S. goods. 

Without progress on trade, the 
U.S, government could sanction a 
higher yen. The dollar plunged 
more than 20 percent against the 
yen last year after hints from offi- 
cials that President Bill Clinton ad- 
vocated a stronger yen to reign in 
Japan's ballooning trade surplus by 
making its exports more costly. 
See DOLLAR, page 10 

workers, led to a violent strike it 
October 1993. Air France’s flight 
and many others at Paris’s tw< 
main airports were halted for mori 
than a week as protesting Al*!5_ 
France workers blocked runways. 

The strike was an embarrassing 
setback to Prime Minister Edouard 
Bahadur’s plan to privatize the car- 1 
rier. Bernard Altai! resigned as the 
head of Air France when the gov- 
ernment withdrew the cost-cutting 

Mr. Blanc has said he would seek 
a substantial capital injection for 
the airline, although he has not 
publicly mentioned any specific 
figures. Analysts have estimated 
that Air France would need an in- 
fusion of 8 billion francs to 15 bil- 
lion francs to meet expenses and 
restructuring costs. 

Force Ouvrifere, the biggest 
union at the company, said the 
“yes” vote in the referendum was 
“higher than one could have imag- 
ined." The union backed the pro- 
posal, while most of the airline's 
other unions were opposed. Mr. 
Blanc called the referendum after 
eight of Air France's 14 unions 
came out against the plan. 

Acceptance of the plan, which 
also cauls for employment to be 
reduced gradually by 5,000, was a 
condition for a capital injection of 
20 billion francs by the French gov- 
ernment The recapitalization plan 
also needs to be approved by the 
European Commission. 

The government pledged to 
make the capital injection in three 
parts over the next three years. 

The plan calls for a three-year 
wage freeze and a halt in promo- 
tions for the rest of 1994. The job 
cuts are to be achieved without lay- 
offs or firings, with the aim of re- 
ducing the work force to 35,000 by 
Jan. 1, 1997. 

Working time will be increased 
by one hour a week, to 39 hours, for 
ground staff and by eight hours a 
month, to 75 hours, for pilots. 

In addition, employees agreeing 
to take a pay cut for three years will 
be offered Air France shares. 

(AP. Reuters, AFP. Bloomberg) 

Thinking Ahead /Commentary 

Who Says We All Have to Compete? 

By Reginald Dale 

International Herat! Tribune 

W ASHINGTON — Economists 
don't agree on much. But here’s 
a simple proposition to which 
you would think they could all 
subscribe: In the new global economy, coun- 
tries will have to compete more fiercely if 
they are to improve their standards erf hying. 

Alreacfy a flood of low-cost exports from 
developing countries is threatening jobs and 
wages in the industrial countries. Nobody 
disputes thaL 

well, actually, some do. A small band of 
iconoclasts led by Paul Krugman of the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technology, the enfant 
terrible of American economics, m ai n tai n s 
that today's obsession with competitiveness is 
not onlv wrong but downright dangerous. 

“Competitiveness is a meaningless MMd 
when applied to national economies,” Mr. 
Krugman says. If living standards in America 
and caber industrial countries are undo- pres- 
sure, it is due to developments in their own 
economies, not to foreign competition. 

In a cheekily provocative article m the 
spring issue of Foreign Affairs magazine, Mr. 
Krugman takes on an international economic 
and political establishment that includes 
President Bill Clinton and most of his top 
Economic advisers as well I as 
ers ranging from Prime Minister John NUgor 
Df Britain to Jacques Delors, president of the 
European Commission- . „ . 

Theidea the United Slates faces a 
major competitive challenge f ™ m ot J. er 
countries is fundamental to many ofMr. 
Clinton’s most chensbed lde ^ , 
ment support for ■^-valueyadde^’ Aarnm- 
can industries, getting tough with Japan and 

aggressive promotion of American exports. 

But, says Mr. Krugman, “somebody has to 
point out when the emperor’s intellectual 
wardrobe isn’t all he thinks h is." Countries, 
he insists, do not compete like Pepsi and 
Coca Cola. Countries have “no well-defined 
bottom line” and do not go out of business. 

And, he correctly points oat, if other coun- 
tries do weD, that is not necessarily bad for the 

An economist debunks 
some of the protectionists’ 
favorite notions. 

United States but actually good for American 

exports. Trade is not a zoo-sum game. 

Mr. Krtmoan is not just taking aim at Mr. 
Clinton. lie is also targeting populists tike 
Ross Perot who believe that rich countries 
mil soon be emptied of jobs as if by a giant 
Third World vacuum cleaner. 

It is a threat widely used to justify protec- 
tionist policies — -and widely believed in. Few 
people in the industrial countries have not 
blenched at cautionary tales of workers in 
developing countries churning out state-of- 
the-art auto engm« for a dollar an hour. 

Many fashionable economists argue that in 
open global competition, wages will tend to 
converge, with those in the rich countries 
faffing and those in the poor countries ri sing . 

The most entertaining part of Mr. Krug- 
man’s article is a devastating critique of the 
“strangely careless arithmetic" of some of 
those he disagrees with. They include Ms 
well-known MIT colleague Lester C. 
Thurow, two of Mr. Gin ton's economic con- 

fidants — Ira G Magazmer and Robert B. 
Reich — and the luckless Mr. Major. 

Mr. Kiugman's point is that a correct in- 
terpretation of die figures shows that the 
growth rate of a country’s living standards is 
essentially the same as its domestic produc- 
tivity. “Even though world trade is larger 
than ever before, national Irving standards 
are overwhelmingly determined by domestic 
factors rather than by sane competition for 
world markets,” he says. 

Mr. Krugman is not entirely alone. Robert 
Z. Lawrence of Harvard University has fre- 
quently argued that domestic productivity 
and new technology have much more to do 
with wage trends than with foreign trade. 

In fact, Mr. Lawrence reminds ns, apart 
from Britain, exports of industrial countries 
to developing countries have recently grown 
faster than imports from those countries. 

These ideas are just beginning to enter the 
political process. At a recent conference in 
Washington, Jim Kolbe, a Republican con- 
gressman from Arizona, took up the argu- 

ig as you 

mg sectors have not been deer 
might expect. 

The other economists are of course not 
going to let Mr. Krugman and Mr. Lawrence 
have the last word. Their arguments may 
actually lit better with American than with 
European experience. 

But it is extremely refreshing that sane of 
the basic assumptions of protectionism are 
being called into question. It is excellent that 
governments should be reminded that prob- 
lem-solving begins al borne. And it good to be 
reassured that we arc not yet in a world where 
all the economists agree. 

Japan Set to Make Waves at GATT 

'Harassment 9 and Regional Trade Are On Its Agenda 















April 11 

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New YorX and Zurich, fixings In other content Toronto 

, our one dollar; *: Units of TOO; NA: not matod; NLA.: not 








April 11 









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3 Hr4 K. 


5Hr6 h 



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Eurocurrency Deposits 

Dollar D-Mark 

I montt) MM* 5 Hr S’*. 

3 months 39M S V5 H, 

6 months 4W-4Hi 5 9M 5W 

l mar 48U-5 5 *r5 > w 

S ources: Reuters. Uortts Bonk 

Rates oaptkabto to Mart*** deposits otto mlttkm mtotomm toraoutvafonfl. 

tfrac. 25040 
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S-Ker.wen OOVO 

Swell Krona 7JBOT 

Taiwan S 2US 

Hurt MM 2S2B 

TarudiBn 33SU. 
UAE dirham 1671 
VeouboBv. 11560 

Key Money Rates 

Ua Bed States 
Di scount rate 
Prime rata 
Federal funds 

Comm, paper 1M days 
Smooth Treasury wn 
7-reor Treasury Mil 

Sircar Treasafy note 

S*tsr Treasury note 







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UO Bank ba 



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U903 1.3924 13944 

103,12 10197 HUSO 

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5J0 550 

6 Hi *«• 
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SH. SH. 

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Sources: Reuters. Bloomberg, Merrill 
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Greenwril Maatoeu. Credit Lmmk 


Zorich 38425 382J5 -WO 

London 384.90 381.75 —WO 

New York 38500 379 JO -430 

US. dollars ner ounce London oMtctot Ox 

Inos; Zurich and New York opening tmteto* 
tog arias; Now York Comex Umel 

Source; Raders. 

By Alan Friedman 

Jnicmanonal Herald Tribune 

MARRAKESH, Morocco — Ja- 
pan is likely to trigger fresh contro- 
versy among members of the Gen- 
eral Agreement cm Tariffs and 
Trade this week when it rages dis- 
cussion of what h calls ^juridical 
harassment” and regional trading 
issues that may anger the United 
States and the European Union, 
diplomats said Monday. 

Although the Japanese initiative 
at this week’s meeting of GATT 
memben will not threaten the 
scheduled signing on Friday of the 
Uruguay Round treaty, it could set 
the stage for future disputes. 

Until now, it seemed that contro- 
versy had been avoided as a result 
of last weeifs compromise in Gene- 
va over the right of the United 
States and France to demand dis- 
cussion of links between workers’ 
rights and trade by the preparatory 
committee that is setting up the 
World Trade Organization, the 
successor to GATT. 

But diplomats said Tokyo has 
told fellow GATT members it 
would like the new World Trade 
Organization to tackle the subject 
of legal harassment in world trade. 
This is seen by the United States as 
a possible way for Japan to force 
international discussion of both 
anti-dumping laws and Washing- 
ton’s Superior legislation, which 

Ex-Fed Governor 
Takes Position 
At Bear Stearns 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Wayne D. An- 
1, who retired in Febraaiy from 
i Federal Reserve Board, will as- 
sume the post of chief economist at 
the brokerage Bear Steams & Co., 
the company said Monday. 

He succeeds Lawrence Kudlow, 
a former Reagan adminis tration 
official, who resigned as chief econ- 
omist last month. 

Mr. Angefl, 63, has never worked 
on Wall Street, but has been a 
banker, professor and economic 
consultant, and he served in the 
Kansas legislature from 1961 
through 196/. He ran for the U.S. 
Senate in 1978, losing in a Republi- 
can primary. 

Bear Steams Cos, the bolding 
company for the brokerage, said 
Monday that net income for the 
three^month period ended March 3 1 
had risen 5 percent, to SI 15-5 mil- 
lion, as a result of improved income 
from commissions and trading. 

But Bear Steams also said the 
rise in interest rates that roiled 
markets had caused losses in its 
trading so far this month. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg] 

provides for the investigation of 
issues that could lead to unilateral 
trade sanctions. 

Japan's plan to seek discussion 
on regionalism and trade is seen by 
diplomats as a way to voice its 
insistence that it not be discrimi- 
nated against by either the Europe- 
an Union or the North American 
Free Trade Area. 

A third issue that Japan wants 
discussed by the committee plan- 
rung the World Trade Organmation 
is competition policy. Officials in 
Marrakesh said this reflected To- 

HU and U.S. antitrust policies. 

The current political turmoil in 
Tokyo, meanwhile, has caused last- 
minute uncertainty about who will 
lead the Japanese delegation to this 
week’s conference here of trade of- 
ficials from 122 countries. Tsuiomu 
Haia, the foreign minister of Japan, 
had been scheduled to lead the 74- 
member delegation, but Mr. Hata 
is now considered a leading candi- 
date to form the next government. 

Peter Sutherland, director-gener- 
al of GATT, acknowledged Mon- 
day that while compromise had 
been agreed on working conditions 
“we may have debate that goes be- 
yond the international labor stan- 
dards issue.” He said that a number 
of new issues have been signaled by 
delegates as likely new areas for 
discussion over the next few 

The GATT chief noted that one 
previously controversial issue — 
trade and environmental protec- 
tion — had taken years to resolve. 
GATT members have agreed to set 
up a committee to insure that link- 
ages between trade policies and the 
environment will be taken up as a 
priority by the World Trade Orga- 

The issue of environment and 
trade is expected to be discussed on 
Thursday as part of a speech by 
Vice President Al Gore, who will 
visit Marrakesh for one day. The 
17.5. leader also wfll bold talks with 
Morocco's King Hassan EL 

On Monday, as more than 2,400 
officials began arriving in Marra- 
kesh for the Uruguay Round cere- 
monies, a new GATT study fore- 
cast an average 38 percent 
reduction in tariffs on industrial 
imports by developed countries 
thanks to the new accord. This, Mr. 
Sutherland stressed, was higher 
than the original goal of achieving a 
one-thud average reduction in tar- 

The GATT survey said develop- 
ing countries exporting to the most 
advanced economies would enjoy 
an average 37 percent reduction in 
tariffs on Industrial products. 

The world's least developed 
economies, however, would gain 
only a 25 percent reduction in tar- 

See GATT, Page 10 

Posts Loss 
For 1993 

CompUedbv Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

BRUSSELS — Sabena Bel- 
gian Worid Airlines said Mon- 
day it had a net loss in 1993 of 
4.5 billion Belgian francs 
($128 million) after a charge of 
J billion francs for a previous- 
ly announced restructuring. 

Sabena, owned 37.5 percent 
by Air France, had profit of 6 
million francs in 1992. 

The state-controlled carrier 
said a fall in traffic on African 
routes because of political tur- 
moil had accounted for 1.5 bil- 
lion francs of the 1993 loss. It 
attributed 1 billion francs of 
(he loss to currency-rate move- 
ments and 1 billion francs to a 
fall in operating revenue. 

Sabena, along with Air 
France and Alitalia, have 
sough! continued government 
aid and a slowdown in Eu- 
rope’s movement toward 
greater competition in the air- 
line industry while they try to 
restructure and regain profit- 
ability. Their demands were 
rejected early this year by a 
panel set up to propose solu- 
tions to the industry’s finan- 
cial problems. (AFX. Reuters ) 

“Quad rat us”. A solid gold watch 
with the dial engraved in 
the “Clou de Paris” pattern. 


Mcdtres Artisans d’Horlogerte 


Automatic mechanical movement with date and second hands. Water-resistant. Also 
in white gold. Far a brochure, write to: Corum , 2301 La Chaux-dc-Fonds, Switzerland. 


^e 10 



U.S./AT T 




Inflation Outlook 
Brightens Stocks 

Aj Compiled by Our Staff Fmm Dispatches 

i NEW YORK — Expectations 
(for government data due this week 
Jto show inflation under control 
"gave a lift Monday to tbe stock 
(market and Treasury bond prices. 
a! The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
*age closed up 14.57 points at 
(3,688.83, while advancing issues 

since December, dragged down by 
lower prices for wheat, cattle, lum- 
ber and precious metals. 

Drug companies and regional 

led stock-market 
gams - But a slump in semiconduc- 

tor stocks pulled die Nasdaq index 

U-S. Stocks 

{-outnumbered declarers by 9-to-8 
h ratio on the New York Stock Ex- 
Jf change. 

s The price of the benchmark US. 
t 30-year bond rose 10/32 point, to 88 
2J 32. while tbe yield slipped to 123 
> percent from 726 percent Friday. 






i t 



James SoQoway, research director 
at Argus Research. 

Government reports on produc- 
er and consumer prices for March, 
set for release on Tuesday and 
Wednesday, will be closely 
watched for hints on whether the 
Federal Reserve Board will push up 
the interest rate on overnight loans 
between banks for a third time this 
year to save oTf inflation. 

A slump in commodity prices 
also took the sting out of any infla- 
tion fears. The Commodity Re- 
search Bureau’s index of 21 com- 
modity prices fell to the lowest level 

of over-the-counter issues 0.42 
point, to 74829. 

First Chicago Carp. gained 3% to 
53% after saying it expected first- 
quarter earnings to meet or better 
last year's results. 

Student Loan Marketing Associ- 
ation. the purchaser and servicer of 
student loans, rose I to 43% after 
reporting an increase in first-quar- 
ter ga m in g s that was in line with 

On the Big Board's most-active 
list. Citicorp rose 1 to 39% and 
NationsBank gained 2 to 51%. 

Johnson & Johnson gained 1% to 
38% after Peter Lynch, a trustee of 
Fidelity Management, said the 
drug maker bad a particularly 
bright future because it was sperui- 
ing SI.2 billion on research and 
development and was starting to 
cut costs. 

Tbe semiconductor stocks were 
hit by concern about March sales. 
Jack Geraghty, analyst at CS First 
Boston, lowered his rating on 17 
semiconductor and chip equipment 
makers' stocks to hdo from ouy. 

(Bloomberg, AP) 

DOLLAR: Trade Woes Lift Yen 

Continued from Rage 9 

News of substantial currency 
trading losses at Kashima Oil Co. 
also weighed on the dollar because 
it spurred speculation the company 
would have to close out its long 
dollar/ short yen positions. Con- 
cerns that other Japanese importers 
could face similar problems, fur- 
ther undermining the dollar, 
spurred selling of the U.S. unit- 
The dollar was buoyed against 
the mark by expectations that the 

Foreign Exchange 

Bundesbank will cut its securities 
repurchase rate later this week. The 
German central bank has been al- 
lowing the money market rate to 
slide and investors have interpreted 
that as a signal that cuts in other 
key rates, such as the Lombard 
rate, will follow. 

*The dollar would probably be a 
lot higher against the Deutsche 

mark u it wasn't getting beat up so 

badly against the yen.” said Paul 
Farrell, manager of strategic cur- 
rency trading at Chase Manhattan 

The Bundesbank president, Hans 
Tietmeyer, said at a meeting of cen- 
tral bankers from the Group of 10 
leading industrial countries that 
short-term inflationary risks are 

minimal and offer no reason to devi- 
ate from current monetary policy. 

Interest in selling the dollar 
against European currencies was 
blunted somewhat by weekend UN 
air strikes against the Muslim en- 
clave of Gorazde. The US curren- 
cy is often considered a stable place 
to park funds during times of polit- 
ical upheaval in othn countries. 

Elsewhere, the South African 
rand tumbled on concern that po- 
litical instability could spur a flight 
of capital from tbe country. South 
Africa will hold its first multiracial 
elections on April 26-28. On Fri- 
day. tbe Zulu king. Goodwill Zwe- 
Jethini, refused to call off the Zulu 
boycott of the elections. 

The dollar strengthened to 5.75 
financial rand, which foreign inves- 
tors use to buy South African assets, 
from 5.06 financial rand Friday. 

The U.S. dollar also rose against 
the Canadian dollar after Moody's 
Investors Service Inc. said Friday it 
might lower its rating on Canada's 
foreign-currency debt, making it 
more expensive for the country to 
borrow money. Standard & Poor's 
Corp. has already lowered its Ca- 
nadian debt ratings. 

The U.S. dollar finished at 
1.3863 Canadian dollars, compared 
with 12836 Friday. 

(AFX, Bloomberg, AFP) 


NYSE Most Actives 








an axt> 




RJR Nab 




VaL High 




256*8 52V. 

51 Ml 

SI to 

+ % 



— % 

30137 39 Vs 



+ 1% 

0-77: 0iLl 



+ 2 

22402 21 5U 



♦ to 

2213* SBto 



— % 

21758 49H 


48 V. 


30708 39V. 




19655 5«U 




19577 30 




1B777 I5to 



16071 6 Mi 



— % 

17576 2to 




■ Ir- 





AMEX Most Actives 

Vo L Hlgti 




7244 Sto 

8 Vi 

— % 




6822 12 






5268 25V. 





4267 3% 

3V U 



Trial tes+ws 



3768 SVi 




New Highs 



3706 26to 




3570 47ft, 




3655 6% 




2865 24% 




NASDAQ Mast Actives 

VaL Moh 


L tot 





05*20 4% 



+ «VU 





*6627 34*. 






44655 22% 



Total issues 




36724 *7% 

46 to 


♦ 1% 

New Highs 



29971 17% 



— % 

New lows 




26910 20 to 




24713 1’Ub 






22 to 




17956 22 to 

20 to 



+ 1% 
— Tto 

16017 2* to 





12579 87 to 




12453 33>Vit 



+ 1 




10984 9% 



+ 2% 




Dow Jones Bend Average* 


99.39 —1X21 

18S* « =82 

20 Bands 

Market Sales 


Aluminum, lb 






In millions. 










Capper elect ro lytic lb 
iron FOB, ton 

Lead, lb 

Silver, troy az 

Steel (scrbpj.tan 

Tin, lb 

Zinc, lb 








Dow Jones Averages 

OMB Mall Low Lost Ow- 

Indus 3M149 3701$n 367049 36BS.BJ+UJ7 
Trcns 163629 163058 1624JS 162057 -OBJ 
1901 10X50 193.11 19431 — 0J2 
130029 7307.72 730041 130466 +023 



Standard A Poor's Indexes 






SP 700 

Mtati Lew Close CM* 
52SL53 52253 53467 +2.74 

39850 39475 397J7 +US 
- +070 

15422 1324 15420 . . 

4423 4X18 4409 +051 
45034 4(7.10 44947 +277 
41559 41257 47522 +248 

NYSE Indexes 

Lew Lot a«- 






24 MB 24827 3*945 *1.76 
30734 mss 307JK ‘0.96 
2500 25X70 2S429 4025 
20643 20521 206.40 -040 
21025 20720 21024 +224 

NASDAQ Indexes 

Law Last CM. 






749.16 TOM 748 33 — <U 2 
78MB 78549 78529 -099 

682.16 67034 69122 +JJ1 
89X17 833* B924Q 4-236 
88832 B8022 88832 4-9.17 
74434 739.00 74439 4-038 

AMEX Stock Index 

44137 44035 .44036 —035 

NYSE Diary 

AMEX Diary 

Total issues 
New Lows 









Spot Commodities 













BM As* 


BM Ask 
ALUMINUM Mbit Ofodel 

Prilors gpr metric tog — 

Soot 1299 JO 1300JQ 

Forward 1354m 132430 131930 1SW» 


Donors per metric tan 

Spot 166 WO 187100 1S71W 

Forward 188x00 1585X0 1BBMQ 1W.SJ 



Iters per metric too „ ___ 

Snot 44X10 4600 438J0 439-50 

Forward 457J70 4X00 4SX50 <5X00 


546530 547X00 

Fvwcrd 551000 5520110 553000 5S35J0 


545500 546000 
5W5J0 S5O0JJ0 S5T230 551500 
INC (SPMMlmtf [BWfcl 

odors per roefrfeton 

9MJ30 931J0 929JD 930 iO 

75X00 95330 95010(1 957 JO 


9X56 +035 

9U5 +CL05 

94JH +1 

High Low aese Chang* 

OOBMe-Ptsef lMPCt 
Jim HJ8 0X53 

sS 907 901 

DM 907 ng 

SZ 9366 9367 

nM 9X1S 

5*P 9278 

BS- &S 

sJJ n%a SiS 

9X66 +007 

9X21 +007 

9281 +036 

9237 +007 

9X23 +006 


91 JO +f 

9134 9134 9134 +aw 

ESL volume: 31271. Open M.: 477.181 

$1 mUHed'Ptsef MM 
■ua w q 9533 9532 — 032 

s5 3« 9493 9423 -035 

". 9434 9433 —035 

2S Stffl 9XW WAS -007 

55T “t. NX 9176 -008 

5—3 N.T. N.T. 9X48 — 0417 

Eat volume: ITI : 187 ’27*. 


omi mnnon • pts oMie pet 
■m v+oO 9435 9436 +131 

sS 9436 9432 9483 + 032 

Dec 9532 9427 9428 + 031 

2£ WJl 9S06 9X07 +031 

Jua 9534 9498 9498 — 033 

sS Sffl 9433 9433 — 031 

Dec 9470 9466 9466 Until. 

25- 945* 9430 9430 +032 

jurT 9433 9431 9432 + 033 

Sen 9420 9415 9415 +010 

n£r 9400 9199 9X99 +033 

Mtr N.T. N.T. 9332 + 033 

Esf. volume: 67204 Open lift: 937337. 

FF5 million >pK of TO prt 

iS sa as? && 

SZ %£ 9456 ii© 

inn 9453 944B 9448 — XB3 

S*p 943B 9434 9434 - 032 

Dec 94.19 9412 9418 +033 

Mar 94JO 028 9433 +003 

EsL vohima: 26669. Open tnt: 251314 


eaMO • pis A 32ads M 1M pC 
Jug 1 OB-16 107-11 10W3 +MJ 

Sep 106-30 106-30 107-06 +0-30 

Eit. volume: S4652. Open mi.: 1493*4 
DM 25M0( - pts of 100 P0 

Jaa 9734 9490 9731 +0*1 

See 9730 9422 9730 +041 

EsL volume: 11U15. Ooen lrrt:TI1J»4 
Jus 101^2 TOT -22 I0L20 +0.17 

EsJ. volume: 20: <2 233 1 

S 12X46 +0X 

Sap 12220 12X52 12X72 +028 

Dec 17132 12132 12232 +038 

Est. volume: 154124 Open ht: U137Z 

To our readers in France 

ft’s never been easier to subsa&e 
and safe wilh our new 
toll free servicB. 

Jud cal us today ai 


Hta0 Lew LoW Se«te arm 


High Low Last Settle dree 

Ui. eellan per metric ton+ota eMM few 
Apr 1S0J3D MATS ISOM MM 5 +030 
145.75 MIX 1*520 14535 +2J5 
U4J5 MX50 14X50 14450 +225 





14530 14X00 14475 14435 +ia 





1445D 14450 14425 14635 
14830 T4X5C 14X00 14830 +735 
15000 1*925 15030 15730 +123 
151 JO 751 JO 15! JO 1S3J0 +125 
15475 15X00 15475 15473 +130 
1S53S 15535 15535 15535 +12 
N.T. N.T. N.T. 15525 +L2S 
155 ft) 15400 15400 15X50 +135 

Est volume; 74592. Open bit ilftasi 


UAOoUan per oomHots at ijm Barrett 







1473 1435 MAS K65 +037 

1432 7427 7454 7454 +028 

146* 1431 1456 1457 + 

1468 14J8 

146* +( 


1475 MA7 I4g 1432 +0IS 

1482 U_55 1482 1451 +0.15 

1472 1472 1*32 1471 +016 

1482 1422 1482 1<31 —801 

N.T. K.T. N.T. 1805 +005 

Esf. volume: 34899. Open toL JVM 

Stock Indexes 

_ MW Low due Change 
05 per Index paM 

Jun 317X0 31293 315X0 +37J 

Sep R.T. NT. 71785 +345 

Dec N.T. NT. 31B8J +374) 

Est.vohBrg: 103*7. Open totJ 55J44. 

JUS 379BD 377X0 379QJ) +7X0 

Est. volume: *7: *52742. 


FF2O0 per ftKfex point 

Apr 716030 2129 JO 215100 +3200 

MOT 2154(70 Z72 9M 71SZ8C +3240 

Jun 2141 JO 211200 2VBJ0 +3X00 

s«p 215200 215L50 215200 +3200 

Dec N.T. N.T. 21 £100 +224)0 

MOT NT. N.T. 221X00 +3200 

Eat. volume; 2X5*8 Open tut: 7X864 
Sources: Motif, Associated Press. 


Per Amt Pay Rec 


Enterprise On 
FWei CA TF tnsur 
FftietSvt Auto 
FkJrt Sari Cbem 
Ftoel ConstHoasiw 
Ftoel Dev Comm 
Ftort Set Energy 
Fidel Se; Food 
FUJH Sei Htdtn 
Fidel Indus Equip 
Fidel Leisure 
Fidel Tdecsmm 
Fide) UH7 
FtdSport CA HIYId 
Fid US Eq Index 
x-apprm anxxjrn per ADR. 

- 328 
. 034 
x 366! 

- JO 

: :H 

: | 

- 3Z 

- 39 

: ^ 

: ^ 

- 32 

- -V 

- 06 

+78 +J9 
+8 +1S 
+15 5-8 
+8 +11 
+8 +11 
+« +11 
+■ +11 
+8 +11 
4+ +71 
+8 +11 
44 +11 

44 +ir 
+8 +11 
44 +11 
+8 +11 
44 +11 
*4 +11 
44 +11 
44 +11 


Ccrttea Find 
Goody ear Tire 

Q 375 +22 54 

Q 30 5-16 +15 

Eaton VanJrdTt 
Equthrlncn lAt+T 
ttyperton 1907 Tnn 
Mvpei-ton JOT? Trrp 
Hyperion 2005 Trm 
Okanogan Skeena g 

Q 38 

M JB3 
M 3283 
M J5 
M JB41 

M J62S 
X J73 
J)l +15 

x-aiso payable on SPeclol dass. 

+29 S-16 
+15 +V 
+15 +1 

+18 +28 
+18 +28 
+18 +28 
+13 5-23 

o-axnual; p- p ayu OT e la Canetflaa .. 
mocrttdy: eewltrhri MMlengl 

Cellular Demand lifts Motorola’s Net 

SCHAUMBURG, Illinois (Bloomberg) 

wfaflcrereanie for the &st quarter rose 29 paanu to W.6? Whoa^ 
The company said that said that demand 
cellular infrastructure and subsoibcr equipment- 

SSwSbmcB in Kn^t, Morocco, 

Britain for tbe company’s global system for mobile communications 
Ti B b ^SS P S« S , ^ Ufa cdWxr products. 

Motorola said sales rose 57 percent, to 51.67 -wflion. 

Goodyear Sees Strong 1 st Quarter 

AKRON, Ohio (Bloomberg) — Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. expects 
first-quarter earnings lo increase 30 percent to 35 percent, with per-share 
canting ; in the range of 75 cents to 78 cents, Chairman Stanley C. Gault 
said cm Monday. 

The tiremaker said it expected earning^ of SI 1 3 1 million to 5 1 1 8 rmmon, 
compare d with year-eariier profit of SS7.1 mfiUon, or 60 carts, before 
charges for accounting changes. 

New Junk Bond Quotes Available 

NEW YORK (Knigbt-Riddcr) — A new junk bond quotation system, 
with contributions from more than 60 brokers and dealers, began 
Monday from The Nasdaq Stock Market Inc., the company that runs 

N TbeVSe^come Pricing System will offer prices on a beUwether 
group of 35 high-yield bonds in real time and will report high and low 
prices and volume every hour during trading. . 

Dealers trading the 35 selected junk bonds must participate either by 
directly providing price quotes or by. having a broker’s broker post 
quotations for them. 

Firms Agree to Platy in Implant Suit 

BIRMINGHAM, Alabama (AP) — The $3.7 billion settlement of 
breast implant lawsuits reached in February has grown by nearly $1 
billion with the addition of five more companies, a plaintiffs’ attorney 
said Monday. 

3M Coro., which made implants through a subsidiary it owned from 
1977 to 1984, agreed to pay $325 million over two years, said an attorney 
for tbe plaintiffs and the company. The attorney also said that the former 
3M subsidiary, McGban Medical wlD pay an additional $25 naHion over 
25 years. Others signin g on, said the attorney, included Union. Carbide 
Corp., which has agreed to pay S138 million over two years. 

The combined payments from all companies, combined with interest 
over three decades, will boost the total value of the settlement pool by 
$945 tniTHnn That would bring tbe agreement to $4.64 faffikn, nearly 
reaching the $4.75 billion amount in an earlier, preliminary settlement in 
the case. 

GATT: Japan’s New Complaints Paris Kinks Off UAP Sale 

Insider Trading Alleged at Spectrum 

MANHASSET, New Ycak (Bloomberg) — The son and daughter of 
Spectrum Information Technologies Inc. ’s president are accused of illegal 
insider trading in a newly amended civil smt filed on behalf of Spectrum’s 

The Securities and Exchange Commission and a federal grand jury 
have instituted separate insider trading investigations into Spectrum, a 
Long Island-based wirdess technology firm. 

An amended shareholder lawsuit, fifed late Friday in US. District Court 
for tbe Eastern District of New Yoric, charges that Mr. Caserta’s son, Peter 
Jr, 24, his daughter, Diane Bohrman, 29, and his brother-in-law, Todd 
Gillespie, each sold as many as 83,000 shares <rf Spectrum stock in 
November 1993. All three sold shares they obtained by exercising stock 
options at low prices, tbe suit alleges, because they knew important amative 
fads about the company that had not been disclosed to the public. 

Continued from Page 9 

ills on industrial goods, tbe GATT 
It added tiu 

report said. It added that develop- 
ing countries in Africa, Latin 
America and Asia would nonethe- 
less gain above-average tariff cuts 
for many of their exports. 

The GATT secretariat's own cal- 
culation of the benefit of the Uru- 
guay Round treaty concluded that 
global income would rise by $235 
billion annually by the year 2005 
thanks to the market access pack- 
age contained in the treaty. 

The Marrakesh conference for- 
mally opens Tuesday and will re- 
main in plenary session until 
Thursday so that. each delegation 
can make a statement Mickey 
Kamor, the US. trade representa- 
tive, is expected to arrive Tuesday 
and immediately hold talks with Sir 
Leon Britian. the European trade 
commissioDer, over an expected ac- 
cord on opting up public procure- 
ment bidding on both tides of the 

Bloomberg Business Nevs 

PARIS — The French government on Monday invited subscriptions 
for shares in Union des Assurances de Paris, or UAP. signaling the start 
of the government's next major asset sale. 

Tbe sale of France's largest insurance company has long been sched- 
uled for the second quarter of this year and follows the sales of stakes in 
Banque Nationale de Paris, Rhdne-Poulenc SA and Elf Aquitaine SA 
over the past six months. 

Wak and Box Office 

The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — “D2,Thc Mighty Dudts” topped the weekend box 
office, earning an estimated $5.7 muhon. Following are the Top 10 

*1 ■ _9 . < _ J - ■■ _ ..4 _ 4 * 

moneymakers based cm Friday ticket sales and estimated sales for 
Saturday and Sunday. 

Subscription for the shares will open Tuesday and tbe sale w31 be 


priced within the next few weeks. UAP stock fell 2 francs to 175 ($29.85) 

on Monday. Traders have said they expert the new shares to be offered at 
between 150 francs and 165 francs each. 

The French government said it will sell 86 million shares of the 

».' TM. 71* Mighty Ducks- 
X "Major League Jr ' 
X-ThePawr- - • 

4 "Four Weddings ond a FUnraT 

4 "Naked Gun 33W 

7. "Schindler's UsT 

8. Thumbril/w" 

9. "About H» Run" 

7ft. -amonr 

{Wait Dfsmr Pictures) 
7Wnw Bmthors) ; 
( Gramorcr ) . 

(rmtarj . 
f Paramount) 

{Warner Brothers) 
(New Uae Cinema) ■ 

SSJ mllDan 
S33 million 
S2.1 million 
SIS million 


Agones From Prme April 11 


ABN Amro HW 
ACF Homing 
Akzo Nobel 






Gist -Brocades 




Hun 1 st Douglas 

IHC Calancf 

Inter Mueller 

Inti Nederland 



67JD 64*0 
49 *8.90 
r«U0 9930 

21480 21 3x0 


42 41 JO 
09 *460 
128J0 129 

172.10 16960 
17J0 7760 
5230 5260 
3705(7 3D9 

22050 22X50 
*090 60 

82 81 
41 4060 
82 81 JO 
85J0 82.10 
5160 50 

49A0 «JD 
7660 7260 
87 M.90 






50.90 |0J0 

Koval Dutch 

Von Ommeren 


7B.10 7730 
126.10 12460 
6030 4020 
I2SJ0 72460 
9430 9430 
20460 20080 
<730 4730 
180.40 180 

Wolters/Klliww 715.10 11360 

EOE index : 42X71 
W r —UM : *13 jT 


AG Fin 
Del hallo 

Raval Beige 
SocGen Snique 

2765 272S 
4430 4495 
2*00 2390 
25700 24950 
6090 *010 
1340 1374 
6170 6180 
1575 1555 
4330 *345 
9700 9560 

7340 7000 
70325 10275 

3300 3280 

5420 5300 

Sac Gen Belolaue 2630 2630 

Sonna 15000 15000 

Mvay 15450 15*00 

Trodebei 10175 ions 

UCS 23500 23200 

Union Winter* 2600 2595 


AEG 18230 185 

Allloni HoM 2705 2680 

AJtano 60640090 

Asko 10*0 1035 

BASF 32450 325 

Savor 39B3P4JJ7 

Bay. Hvpa bank 48748450 
Ba^Verelnsbk 514g SM 

bhf Bank 

Oqlmler Bern 



I Babcock 
Deutsche Bank 
Dresdner Bank 42SS0 430 
Feidmuetii* 3*5 33s 

FKruBoHoesch 216J0 215 

Kail salt 













130 130 
*0.40 39.10 
1 99 1« 
1260 1260 
119 118 

202 198 
*19 *11 
90 90 

93 90 

315 320 


previous : 

Hong Kong 

8kE«tf As*J 33 3335 

Cathay Pacific 11-50 M 
CheunoKang 4125 4050 

1 Ught Pwr 47 JO *1 

Dalrv Form inn nio 
75.10 74JO 

Hang Lung Dbv , 

Hans Sena Bank 5250 52 

Henderson Land *OS 4* 
HK Air Ena. -050 42J5 
HK China Gas 15JO 15.90 
HR Electric 2150 2160 
HK Land 23JO 22J0 

HKMallvTruSl 2260 21J0 
HSBC HoJdlftBS 90 89JO 
HK Strang Htls 12 1160 
hk Telecomm uso i360 
HK Ferry urn iojq 

Hutch Whamoaa 3350 3250 
Hyson Dev 24.80 24.70 
JardlneMalh. 5*50 5350 
Jankne Sir Hid 2480 7750 
Kowloon Motor 1*010 74.50 
Mandarin Orient 10.70 1050 
Miramar Hotel 2240 22JD 
New World Dev it 40 27 

SHK Preps 5550 5550 
Stetirx 423 423 

Swire Pac A 5650 56 

Ta^Cheung Pros 1050 ipa 

TVS ' as 

Whorl Hold 33 31 

Wing On Ca inti 1220 7230 

Wlraor end. 12 11 jo 

\£2R22F&Sf$, : " M7t 

HflVIODS . rXr3J2 



Anglo Amer 

2025 21 

92 9350 
2950 27.75 
950 950 

gr v.--.-_ NJL 4* 



*650 ^45 
2#JS 26 

S- 35 *6 

W50 86 




.B e ers 
— letontein 
HtohveW Sfeel 

Nedbank Got 





Western Deep 


Abbey Nan 
Allied Lyons 
Arlo Wiggins 
Argvn Gmjo 
Ass Brit Foods 

Bank Scat land 



















Brit Airwavs 
Blit Cos 
Brtt Telecom 

Cable Wire 
Cadburv sdi 

CO radon 

Coats VI yella 

Comm Union 


ECC Group 






Gem acc 
O laxe 
Grand Met 



BC Hldgs 

S 34 


5 39 
88 * 

1 30 






A! . 















Land Sec 



Legal Gen Grp 
Ltovds Bank 

Maries SP 

Nmwst Wafer 


BBV 3210 3220 

Bco Central HIsp. 3010 3030 
Banco Santander 6630 6520 




Iberdrola I 


Teleton lea 

Pro.^fT^Sa** : 3aR “ 



5M1 5745 

ll 130 72* 

group 2837S 27550 

» 2S79 
.9*8 87S 

Gred Hal 
Ferfln Rbo 
Flat SP6 










MB 7*31 
WTO 2667 

11630 114*0 

Paolo Torino 110a 10730 

ciT= f? 20 ^8° 

4iu a*m 

SSS*, w 



Toro Ass! RtSP 34110 338SD 

MIB Index : 12*0 
Previous : m2 


AKon Aluminum 31 u am 
Btx* Montreal 26V, 
bardler B 

44Bt 49» 
21M Z1U 
7946 30H 

S 7V, 

Inton Text A 

jlia# A 

MacMillan Bl 
Mart Bk Canada 



S5S *3W& smui 

26 25=4. 

2 m nm, 
m 9% 
2198 21M 
23*2 23W 
209* 21M 
20% 20* 
22 22 
SOS 6 
149* 1*96 

doe* Prev. 


ACCor 709 

Air Lkjutda 817 

Alcatel Alsthom 681 
Am 1325 1309 

Banco) r* (de) 




568 554 

1315 1987 

4026 *005 
24427 243J0 

12550 12720 

1578 7503 

4lS 41 in 




OrrMfrts Franc 
Ch* Med 
Euro Disney 
Gen- Eaux 
l metal 

Lafarge Coppea 447 .90 
Leg rand 6370 6230 

LYan. Eaux 57* 569 

Orenl (L't 1215 1140 

Matro-Hadiefte 139 13250 
MchetlnB 26180 25750 

Moulinex 136 136 

40LM 39680 
■ 1004 998 1 

3255 3180 
2600 25711 



P*chfr>fT inti 


386 378.10 

Peugeot 895 874 

sSssLEsi ™ « 


FBvPootoncA 147 JO 14550 
Raft 5!. Louis 1741 1736 


Saint Gobabi 






Sao Paulo 

Banco do Brasil 23199 


13.10 1261 


Brofuna 248 212 

Pconc u wncmo 22J0 22 

Petrobraa 14S50 131 

Telebras *360 *0.15 

Vote RloDoce 1225011650 
Vorfg 760 1*0 

8 E^ 


760 730 
755 7.10 
11-30 1150 


Golden Hope PI 
Haw Pot 
H ume ind ust r ies 



Lam Chang 

Malayan Ban leg 




Semt xw wu w 

18JO 17 M 
1660 1610 
115 2.11 
622 326 

i|tme Darpy 

SUore Land 

5Txht press 

sins Steamship 

STsort Telecomm 362 136 

Shorts Trading 134 33) 

uob lojg icuo 

UOL 2J3 1.7? 

115 5 

1060 950 
2.72 278 
159 155 
8JD 850 
11.40 1120 
755 720 
7.20 7.10 
1L50 17,70 
458 686 
X64 1C 
7.40 735 

7.W 675 
14JD 7MC 
182 352 


Clam Prev. 





Boro I 

Coles Mver 


Fosters Brew 
Goodman Field 
1 Cl Australia 

Nat AuM Bank 
News Cora 
Nine Network 
N Broken HHI 
Pac Dunlop 
Pioneer Inri 
Nmndv Poseidon 
OCT Resources 

Western Mining 

956 950 
04 678 
1682 1650 
359 375 
458 470 
445 475 
1654 1650 
*57 457 
1.1* 1.17 
157 156 
1030 1056 
2J0S ZJ5 
259 3 

1158 1158 
9.10 9.13 
570 5J0 
361 362 
5-07 SJfl 
258 257 
2J4 2-07 
133 1.23 
294 352 
2-05 UA 
680 694 
Bonking 455 459 
628 633 

All ardtnortes index ; 2074 
Previous : 2082 

Afcol Efectr 
Asatil Chemical 

AsaW Glass 


Bank ofHB 


472 481 

7*2 737 

1190 1260 
1600 1570 
1500 1510 
Canon 1630 1630 

Cask] 1300 V 

Dal Nippon Print 1MD l 
Dah*a House ISW l 
D ahra Securities 1650 1450 
Ful Bank 
Full Photo 
Hilpeht Cable 

its its 

Ito Yokodo 

Japan Airlines 
Kartsaf Power 
KatmeaU Steel 
Kirin Brewery 
Matsu Elec Inds 
Matsu ElecWks 
AtHsutttfilBk , 

Mitsubishi Kasel 
Mitsubishi Elec 
Mitsubishi Hew 
Mitsubishi Carp 
Mitsui and Ca 

NGK Insulators .... 

Nlkko Securities 1240 1240 
Ntoaan Kcooku i960 1078 

Nippon OH 
Nippon Stset 

Nippon Yusen 

Nissan asa ass 


NTT , 9ffl0o904pa 

Olympus Optical 1050 0*0 

pioneer 2*50 2soo 

FUcoh 07 m 

Sanyo Elec .500 502 

77* 773 

m9 2M 

1770 7170 
1070 HJW 


£« 353 

595 590 




Sumitomo ax 
5uml Murine 
Sumitomo Metal 
Totsel Corp 
TWlhO Marine 



Tokyo Marine 

Tokyo Elec Pw 
1 printing 

Toupan I 




Abflibl Price 
Aflntos Eagle 
Air Canada 
Alberta Energy 
Am Barrtck Ra 

J< Neva Scotia 
BF Realty Hds 

i7*e 17% 
1«M 17 

6VX Me 

sole am 


4TO6 SO 

zne as 
1SW 1» 
24*6 3496 

OX* HJ3. 
056 036 

m 9V, 
7V. 716 

455 N JO. 
31 Xk 31 VS 

Canadian Pacific 21* 2l«t 

Close Prev. 

Can Tire A 



Congest EjoH 
Denison Mir B 
Dickenson Mm A 

nvy lie* 

44 45 

4J0 4V. 

Vk 8to 

Dylex A 
Echo Bay Mines 
Equity Silver A 
Fed indA 
Fletcher Chail A 
G antra 
GgltCda R» 
Heat Inti 
HemtoGId Mines 
Hudson's Bay 


Interpf-ov pipe 


Maple Leal 
Mark Res 
MocLean Hunter 
Molson A 
Noma IndA 
Moranda Inc . 
Noraoda Forest 

22to 22M 

CLOB <7.10 

083 0JS4 
16to 16to 

21 aito 


Fixer Dome 
Poco Petroleum 
PWA Corp 


R e na is s an ce 

Spar Aerospace 
Talisman Energ 
TocX B 

Thomson News 

Toronto Damn 

Torstttr D 
TranoolTo util 
TransCda Pin* 
Triton Flw A 
Trteec A 
UnJearp Energy 
TSE 38e Index : 43 
Previous : CB761 


Adki Inti B 225 230 

Alusutsse B new iss tst 

BBC Brwn Bov B 1312 1207 

Obo Gefgy B 935 9® 

CS Hold Inga B 
Ftscfter B 

1 nterdlsajunt B 

Jetmoll l 

Loryfts Gyr R 


644 6*5 

370 373 

1315 1327 
2390 2360 
861 85* 

930 933 

42S 425 

7234 121 6 

Nestle & 

OertlL Suctme R 165 1M 
PoraeSO HkJ B 1670 1520 
Rocha HUg PC 7153 7U6 
Sam Republic “ 

SWWaB 3830 

Schindler B 
Sutor PC 1045 

Surveillance 8 2195 

SwtnBnkCorvB 444 *39 
SwTsTteTnsurR 630 All 
Swissair R 

Winterthur 8 
Zurich Ass B 


To sduaibe in FraiMA 

just cot), toU free. 

05 437 437 


Season Season 
Hah Law 

Open High Low Close Ota Onto 









WHEAT (CBQT) ustnitn *nm- 
177 10 a MayMUHl 3JW 

156 2.96 JulM 329 329 

357Ur HD 5CP94 329 3J0W 

U£ 309 Dec 94 UO 1* 

15#to 634 Mar 95 337 360 

3-K lltMMay 95 
362* 111 JulM 322 322 

EsL tries 13JOO FrYs. soles 92S7 
FrTsopenM 46939 aft sol 
iTTO Z98 May 94 133 L35H 
155 227 JulM 32616 327V* 

LSSVi 3J2V.Se0M 3J8H 328W 
360 LTZVjDec 94 S2Ito 334 
liJ'A 332 Mar 95 

ES.Sriei NA Frf'ktdes 43SB 
FrfsaptnM 26S» all MS 
CORN (CBOT) msBU W W h u m . _ 
11616 UStoMayM 272* 2J3fa 

2*1 JulM V f Z7«i 2 

260WSePM 265 3Mb 3 
Z36toDecM 2Jf* 2J0to 2 
LSViMcr95 U IM 1 
1M MayVSZMVi 2JS7 2 
2A7VS JutfS TJTh 2J0 1 

266toDec9S 2JS0to 151 7 

EsL soles 78,000 FWLsries 36273 
Frrt open tot 319J04 on 26*o 
731 692 Vi May 94 656 6*0 6 

&MMJUIM 6S 4J8W 6 
631 Aug 94 64VY. 652 6 

617 Sep 94 630 634 6 

55S>4Ndv94 614* 619* * 
618* Jan 93 620 623* & 

634 Mu-95 625 *28* 6 

6Z7 May 95 LX 631 i 

630 JUI95 620 634 « 

687* NOV 95 6*4 ue S 

ESL Soles 400 00 FfTx tries 51.944 
RrsacenM V48J41 on 3623 
SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOT) 100 » n%- 
23220 18678 May 94 18930 189 JO 

18320 AA 94 18930 1».90 

USJJOAuoM 1 8600 I0JH 

1M. 00 Sep *4 18630 1(730 

ia2JOOC»94 IKLte 1MJD 

660DWC94 1S2J8 11150 

181J0JCT195 IDJO 183J0 

IBU0MXM 16650 1 6600 

16600JUI9S 1B65D 16650 

Ell. Sties 25JXO Rrvsries 17248 
RrYsopenW 892M up 837 
3645 21J0MoyM 2735 27*1 

»J0 71 -55 JU 94 2730 2765 

3930 TUSAoef* 16*8 27 JO 

7340 22-40 Seg 94 2640 2675 

2748 22.10OdM 2174 2685 

27 ja 0.90 DbcM 25.10 2625 

2685 22^5 Jen 95 2690 25.10 

3645 a4JB,Vto-9S 3690 2SJ6 

26» 26KAW9S 2683 2695 

3640 34J7JUIM 1681 2690 

EsLsota aan Ftf6sries irASZ 
FrYS«P*nlm 97JB3 UP 1511 

U8 3JH6-4U9* H47* 
122* X25^-DJ7’a 22.962 
32Pb 337* — DJB 6871 
332* 336*A-0J6 6083 

336 338 -005 274 

134 — (UJ6 
1201* 330*— OJMt 72 

32SN 337*— 007*6 679 
330* 332 -009* 11*49 
332 122*— 009 V, 1128 
339 339 —006* 1^73 
330 -OJSV6 3Z7 

1*456-60556 91Z74 
232*-0JB<* 123362 
26316-00* 27J44 
2J5*-O01* 16347 
242 -001* xm 
IB -007* 4U 
267* -OtD^ 1J77 
250* *(L0Q* 










653* — 004 44,779 

652* -004 *9^34 

64S*— OJVTA 9363 

437* — 00456 5394 

617*— 0.045* 34699 

61BK.-O04* Z6B5 
633* -004 (19 

625 — 604 61 

625 -0JJ6* 4*4 

532 —002 1.M1 









2731 77M *0.17 ZL687 

17.13 773! +009 24411 

3665 2704 +OOB 10,766 

2643 2665 +0J5 1XB 

25-55 2165 -0.10 6875 

2*93 23J8 -003 16699 

7680 2695 -204 1,900 

2460 34J9 -029 3*4 

2675 2689 -006 200 

3L7S 340 —006 64 






7X20 Aar 9* 





-043 I62SI 


21 25 Jun 94 




74 10 

-050 3X716 



71 27 Od 94 





—037 10322 


7225 Dec *4 
















7320 Apr 95 







GT. safe! 

77.998 Ftfi. safes 


1 FfYtuomW 75640 

Iff 177 




7920 AsrW 


81 JO 


61 JO 




























79 JO Oct 9* 

81 20 







77X5 Nov 9* 








7920 Jon 96 







Est srife 

1 XM FjTj. soles 


Frrt ooen ini 11J75 

m 35 




ns Apr » 







*527 An’* 





+0.10 1X831 


*538 JulM 

31 JO 









49 JU> 












4X30 DK 94 













— 030 



4090 APT 95 







51 JO 









4J0i FfTisaies 


RficwnM 3TJM 

4> 22 



fl JO 






39 JO JulM 















19. to Feb K 






IM 1 


31(0 Mar 95 








57JX)Mey 95 SUB 

32 0 

57 JO 


Ed. tries 

2«J Frfi, tries 

| FiTsePHiM 10353 

3ff 200 






6X25 MOT 9* 8X05 





«4JBJUf« 6X75 




6050 Sen 94 8X15 




77 JC 

77.1 e Pee W 8745 





78.90 Mor 95 8X7$ 



09 J0 

91 JB 

8XJBMOV9S 9028 











Ett tries 

HA5 Ftfxsrtes 

Fit's upanlnt (1,125 UP 814 

SUSAR-WOHLOn CHCSS iiM0ne».-ant« 


+8,90 26065 
+U0 7J41 
♦ M0 040 
+095 1*4* 
♦MB 279 

♦A 50 

+ 136 

Season Seaton 
Keh Low 

Open Htti Law Oow Cho QpM« 


































130 May 94 1U3 
9-ISJriM ll.*» 
9A2DEJM 1U1 
9.17 Mor 95 1UD 
taS7Moy« 11J7 
1CU57 JutW 
1657 Oct 95 1104 
l HA. FfTlsatoS MJ2I 
a to 12 1.927 Off IBM 
Q4CSE1 HiMWBvtnr* 
973 May 94 1126 IMO 
999 JulM 110 11(5 

1Q20S4PM 1177 1190 

10*1 Dec 9* 121S 1226 

1077 Mar 95 I2« r26fl 
1111 May 95 1270 1270 

12250495 1306 1306 

1275 San 95 
1332 Dec 95 
73B 96 

5^70 FrTs.sries 11360 
tot 85,131 Off M13 
JUKE 04CTN) isooefcs-i 
1900 May 9* 10690 10*00 
101 JO -M 9* 107 JO 7 99 JO 
KSJOSmM 71000 HMD 

1C3J0 Jen 9S TtZJO 11260 
10600 Mir 95 IT3JQ 11*60 
‘ 1,900 Ws-sriB 1*7*4 
■M 34725 Off M 








1056 — 064 31*61 
1004 —071 *1,527 

7073 — 0J0 3BJ1* 
1061 -80*14761 
1071 -8X1 1.9M 
1061 -039 1J85 
1J3 — 1003 — 

7 U» -ADI 

















♦4 149*4 
+6 29^52 
+3 10J91 
+* 7,9*4 
+4 UL5M 
+4 &412 
+4 2631 
+* 627 

+i an 

44 1 

10*J0 10U0 +1A0 4711 
707 JD 10670 +M0 4211 

1MJ0 HITS +1JJ ze» 
HITS 4 MO 1,143 
moo 17260 *1.10 2, 70S 
113J0 11440 +170 481 






107 JO 


91 JO 



89 JO 










7650 Apr V 8430 
7360 May 94 8660 
76 TO Jun M 

7620 JulM 8695 8770 
7690 Sep M 87 JO 8770 
7573 Doc 94 6760 S7JO 
7690 Jon 95 


7L00MOT9S MAS 17 JO 
7445 Mav 75 
7530 Abo 95 
79. 10 Sap 95 

7S20Oct9S 67.15 *7.15 

7775 Nw 95 


CTJ0Jtm9* 8450 B8J0 
Est. tries 5,700 FrTs. tries 4743 

Frrs open tot SL3S up <u 

5) 60 Aar 9* 5420 5*20 
371 JJ May 94 5®J 947 J 

5*7 J Jun 94 56*0 Ml 
377J7A4W 5*7 J SSM 

3745 Sep 94 BIO 5560 
900 Dec 94 5574) 5CJ 
4010 Jan 95 

*MJMir9S SCU 5400 5500 

4180 May 95 5710 6710 5660 

*JOOJu195 57X0 5740 51X0 


oroDgcfs ma men srrjt 
Jon 96 

EsLsrim 3100Q RVs. tries 16051 
Fri'SOPBiln 115.952 up 3B 
PLATWUM (KMBt) SBawyaL.atosnperin 
-- 33490 Afr 94 40180 40650 397 JO 

*3700 35700*194 40600 «7J0 39*00 

43SOO 3(600 Oct 94 407.50 40900 3MJ0 
429JD 376*7 Jan « 49658 4J7J8 43100 
3X390 Apr 95 41103 41L00 40500 
J *013 FrTs. tries 2J05 

Frrt open M »42*» off 17* 

COLO (NCMX) umnwau-dBMrtmrtowCK. 
*78.50 SSJBAerft 38X50 38X80 377 JO 
39X88 37X50 May 9* 

41728 339A0 Jun 9* 38540 38630 379 JO 
41500 Ml JO Aug 94 38700 38800 38X00 
41700 3*6000094 39000 39000 3800 

456.50 34X00 Dec 9* 39630 39500 3VJg 
417-00 36X501=1*9* 

41700 3*650 Apr 95 397 JO 397 JO 397 JD 

43BJD 3flJ0Jun9S 40X00 40200 40200 
*12-50 380JDAUO9S 
413J8 41X200095 

CSX 4KJJDK9S 4(520 41L2E 4093)0 
*3650 O6S0Fe09A 
Ett. tries 40000 Bit. tots MJO 
FrftOPrit.M 1383199 <4> 969 







♦075 34.1 Z 






+070 17441 














87 JD 








+ OTB 






a. IS 



87 JO 




























-027 11 

-328 71 431 
-3X1 &6M 
-3X8 10J10 

— 2X8 5432 
-3X8 MOD 





-940 MB 
—9 JO 20449 
-am 177* 
—940 sn 
-9A3 833 








397 JO 

401 JD 









9187 Jun 9* t&M 9&M 9S.M 9SJ7 

9SJS«M 9547 9549 9546 IM 

MJPDecM *696 KJ77 96M 954)0 

MflMcr95 9671 

. 61.130 

♦Ml 9J01 
*BJB 4481 

10+24 + 02 504 


102-22 * 02 

11+19 9+1 S Jun » 101-27 102-08 101-21 102-08 - 11 0 

112- 15101-01 Sep 93 101-2 * 11 16 

113- 14 183-23 Dec 95 UH-06 +11 33 

17+04 9+04 MaK 10+M+ 11 34 

Entries mow RfAtatot 336J43 

FrftBPenW 477424 off 7171 

66UMCBML BONDS (CBOT) timtottotj totltoUWtd 

10+07 87-06 Jun 94 90-24 91-17 9+14 91-11 ♦ H 3X266 

9+77 0+73 56PM RMS 9+22 9+OZ 9+17 *19 U0 

E5t.sries SB FrTxsoJts BJ31 

Fri SooenH 334(6 off 1241 


95090 90400 Jun 9* 7SJ29 9X5*0 95JT0 9SJ28 47X940 

Season Seaton 
Hk* tow 

Optn rtrii Low ao» Cho OAM 

91570 90360 Sep 94 96930 96960 9692B 96950 

95.180 90710DKM 9*330 M» 06310 96320 

9X580 IBMDMarM M.700 MOD *6070 01729 
96730 9X710 Jlln 95 91780 91820 91760 91800 

94J30 91 JM) Sep 95 93520 915X7 91*70 91520 

9X200 91.110 Dec 95 91210 93230 91170 93210 
94220 9X750Mor96 91130 91150 9X880 91138 

Ft ato NA FrTs. tales 006227 
FtPs open tot X5B1442 up 8022 


MI50 1 4*7* Jun 94 14722 14734 14646 14*74 

14980 1-4*40 Sep 94 14630 14650 14620 14W2 

14990 J4SflDD*cW 146(0 14690 14(00 14622 
MarW 14614 

Eft sales 1X919 RTs. series W439 
FfTsOOentot 47J01 off 1212 
Canadian dollar <cmbo 

X7SB 8L7113JUI94 07191 07795 07771 07181 
07740 07068 Sep 94 OTIS 07151 0JM* OJlto 

0700 DJOaDecM 07120 07130 07120 07125 
0M05 UUOAtorfS 07095 (L71U 07095 07KK 
07322 049904*195 07082 030)0 07082 07015 

K8*t MN ftf*.JriB6 6*83 
Prrt o pen tot 43J91 UP 95 
GBOMAN66ARK (CMBO lwreak.|>MHM. 
04733 <7-5607 JlmW UB25 058*4 aim aam 

040*5 QJ600S*pM DJ023 0J823 n •ecu 

ajsna ojstooecw x®* ojbz* ajsro turn 

__Ma-96 X58T7 0JBT7 0J870 15815 

gl.talei ,3X253 FH's.sries 75,994 
BrfsopenH 71237 rfi »51 

ftJ09 90mJ08M 2S*p»4 0 00967004 09713X009610040977? 
g-sotet JfcJM FrYksetm 368® 
fWsopenW 5U09 off 1165 
SMSFIUNC (CM BQ tomfttoc- imtotmtomato 
04SBWJimJ6 04921 049S8 04917 04933 
04860 04966 04923 X6W2 
0700 X6M20ec9l X4M3 

BE*** lAJOe FiTt. sees 1X910 
Fry* open tot 36162 all 438 

1 2D 196477 
+ 10168455 




-34 39423 

1 273 



+3 694W 
+3 24M 
+5 119 

+3 Cll 

+1M SUM 
+19* X175 

+196 no 

+22 31790 
+22 MB 
+28 44 



”40 P4MMN 7540 7*44 7120 
S630A494 7642 7741 7603 


1 7*45 

59-57 Oct *4 7X70 76 CS 7165 

7*47 +847 17, MO 

7742 +040 15.93* 

MB *0J7 3MI 

*600 May 95 

FrfsopenM SUOO off 35 

42 23 


51 JO 
1 5046 


4105 Apr 95 
4740 May 9S 
4X79 Jun » 

4745 Jut 95 
4740 Ana 95 

go. trie* amt FrPs. 

FgSriWllrt 1694H t~ « 
ua+rr SWEET CRUDe oaesn ijntu- 
1190 May 9* 1557 154* list 

7 44? JUT M 7543 7195 K97 

14.15JU19* 1547 1600 Sffl 

1635 Aug 94 1173 1647 1172 

14J0SWM 1X09 1X13 itm 

1645 Oct 94 1U0 16T7 isn 

16B2NDVM t619 16K 67? 

1693 Dec 94 1X10 TeS 1X10 
'*» 1 xS 1630 
l 4 ® <&4o 

!SA2Mar95 1*40 166Q 1 640 

IXSAprK 1443 1665 1*£ 

ISTJJnti MB mb uk 

ittSSES 5-5 ™* 


72 a 

















+ 07**3.961 




+078 39274 




+045 2926$ 




+045 11J90 

*7 JO 

47 JS 

















+045 11,575 
















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1 19.17 

U06 *+X29 8X1M 
15J9 +tL2S4X*« 

1197 +0J4 2M5 
1606 +U4 2X1*» 

1613 +0J21XS65 



t* , 


gi.arie* I0JJ71 FWs. tries 76415 

11 age? ss 

Sg 4X75 49^ «S 

sss sstsfjr 5 js si H 

ss anssz ** s ss 

1X33 *024 „ 

1X4* +OJ5 6^6 
1X54 *024 6779 

1X60 +OJ1 TJX 
7665 +070 .WO 

MJS +000 1X214 
17.1S +0.17 . ^ 
I7J4 +X22 TMM 
17 J3 +0.19 ID** 

f$j s 


49.12 +<Ui 4VJ* 
ESS +038 3242 
40J7 +X75 HJg 

•XL +070 WJ« 
4X67 +070 XOT 

4720 *C70 Mg 

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For farther 

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N -i 


Page 13 _ 

Telecom Network Sets a Year’s Test 

LONDON — - Rank*' Fr0mDupaidia 
- " Xerox Ltd. said Mon- 

KTHnn nr a«L i . 

®Q »n AmniM. c 

8 Tdaommuni- 

consorti™ , 0 “f “ AnKncM-EuropM 
municaiions serScJIror a p " vate tdecom- 
The (ZSf. for V«^ s trial period. 
Tdephtwe^i^JL^£ “P ** Araerican 


would not J?S at 0116 ^ropany. however, 
with aWe 10 ^^murfcaie through it 

with users in another company 

0fd^ S E^S. 1 * ol her members 

oi me European Virtual Private Network 

Users’ Association, set up in December to 
find suppliers for private voice networks link- 
ing West European offices. Rank Xerox said 
the association was still considering seven 
offers and would m»ir* a final decision in 
September 1995. after the one-year triaL 

The association’s 30 members include 
Rank Xerox, Imperial Chemical Industries 
PLC, Philips Electronics NV, Du Pont Co. 
and Royal Dutch/ Shell Group. 

The final contract could be worth as much 
as 500 million European currency units ($566 
million) a year. Rank Xerox sad. 

A spokesman for British Telecom said that 
company and the AT&T-Unisource consor- 
tium would set up separate private networks 
for the trial period. 

The spokeswoman said the “most likely" 

outcome would be that BT and tbe AT&T 
would each be awarded part of the 

Hie users’ group also considered proposals 
from Cable & Wireless PLC of Britain, Sprint 
Carp, of the United States. Telstra Corp. or 
Australia and a joint venture of Fiance Tele- 
com and Deutsche Telecom. 

Separately, British Telecom said it had 
been awarded a contract worth more than 
£40 million ($59 million) by Computer Sci- 
ences Corp., based in El Segimdo, California, 
to supply information technology to British 
Aerospace PLC 

The contract calls for BT to supply and 
manage the telecommunications service link- 
ing 40 BAe sites worldwide. 

(AFX AFP, Bloomberg) 

l ill l 

erzbank Lifts 

Dividend by 20% 

Japanese Jib at Euro Disney Rescue Plan 

By Jacques Neher 

Imerruwona l Herald Tribune 

— Led by a group of 
Japanese banks, a contingent of 
loragn lenders to Euro Disney 
SCA have attacked their French 
counterpans over the financial re- 
structuring plan for the troubled 
theme park, analysts said Monday. 

The dispute makes it unlikely 
lhai the lead banks wfll meet their 
deadline for approving tbe plan by 
the end of this week. 

Banking sources said the foreign 
lenders were an gling for the Ca»f» 
des D&pdts & Consignations, a 
French state-owned savings institu- 
tion, to bear a greater portion of the 
sacrifice in the estimated S2^ kaBkm 
plan to get the park back on its feet. 

“There's basic support for tbe 
package overall, but among the 
creditors there is disagreement 
about how tbe pain is to be 
shared," said a source at one of the 
major non-French lenders. 

The Japanese banks — the sec- 
ond-largest group of lenders after 
the French — are “leading the at- 
tack," another source said. Several 
European banks, indading Deut- 
sche Bank, are also pressing for a 
better deal 

Tbe preliminary accord between 
Walt Disney Co. and a steering 
committee for the leaders, reached 
last month, called in part for tbe 65 
lenders to forgo 18 months of inter- 
est on 16 bfflKm francs in loans — 
or about 1.6 billion francs. 

Tbe current package would not 
affect holders of convertible bonds, 
nor 4 billion francs in subordinated 
debt held by Grisse des Depots. 

Gary Kksch, a trader in dis- 
tressed debt in London, predicted 
that the French banks would not 
consider ding in g the terms for 
bondholders because a court chal- 
lenge would likely follow. He said, 
however, that Cause may be forced 
to abandon interest on its loan, 
which would come to about 280 
million francs. 

Corralled by Our Staff From [topacbes 

FRANKFURT — Commerz- 
bank AG, citing improved operat- 
ing profit despite a “massive’' in- 
crease in loan-loss provisions, said 
Monday it would raise its dividend 
for 1993 to 12 Deutsche marks (ST) 
a share from 10 DM for 1992. 

Tbe bank said tbe payout would 
exceed the tax advantage it had 
gained through a reduction in taxes 
on distributed profits and thus was 
a “real" dividend increase, signal- 
ing its confidence Tor 1994. 

Tbe bank said operating profit 
after risk provisions had risen 
about 25 percent, exceeding ana- 
lysts* expectations. Some said tbe 
result reflected better times for 
German banks overall. 

“Weexpected only an increase of 
20 percent in operating earnings,” 
said Britte Graf, a bank equities 
analyst at B. Metzler seek Sohn & 
Co. “But all tbe banks have been 
doing better than expected." 

Tbe bank said its net profit, cal- 
culated under new accounting 
rules, fell to 586.4 million DM in 
1993 from 687 million DM in 1992. 
A^SjX&jsman said net profit in 

first-time inclusion ofresuits from 
the bank’s Berlin unit. 

Commerzbank said it could not 
provide comparable data for 1992 
operating profit because of changes 

in accounting rules, and it did not 
disclose specific totals for risk pro- 

For the first 10 months of 1993, 
Commerzbank reported operating 
profit of 909 million DM, np 52 
percent from a year earlier. Operat- 
ing profit is before taxes but after 
earnings cm proprietary trading 
and after provisions for loan losses. 

“We couldn’t maintain the rate 
of the first 10 months because the 
fourth quarter of 1992 was already 
very good," Peter Pietsch, a spokes- 
man for the bank, said. 

In the first 10 months of the year, 
Commerzbank cut its risk provi- 
sions 21 percent, to 137 billion 
DM, although some analysts inti- 
mated that provisions had risen in 
the Iasi two months. 

(Bloomberg, AFX, Reuters) 
m VW QtaSnoan in Prague 
Ferdinand PiSch, chairman of 
Volkswagen AG, was in the Czech 
Republic on Monday for talk* with 
officials on tbe future of VW’s in- 
vestment in Skoda Auto AS, Reu- 
ters reported from Prague 
A Czech newspaper quoted un- 
identified sources as saying Mr. 
PiSch was considering an addition- 
al cut in VW’s planned investment 
in Skoda, beyond the reduction to 
3.7 bShon DM from 7.1 bflfian DM 
announced last year. VW took a 31 
percent stake in Skoda in 1991. 

Very briefly: 

Treuhand to Sell Consulting Unit 


BERLIN — The Treuhand agency is looking to 
extend its influence beyond the privatization of 
East German slate-owned industry by selling its 
own for-profit consulting division, a director said 
on Monday. 

Horst Fohr, a Treuhand board member, con- 
tended that the agency’s hands-on experience in 
what has been the world’s largest series of privati- 
zations, equips it to help East European countries 
sell off their own state industries. 

Other advisers in Eastern Europe "tend to rely 
more on theoretical experience;" Mr. F<5hr said. 
“We have the practical experience to he3p coun- 
tries avoid some of the mistakes we made.” 

The Treuhand has spent four years privatizing 
more than 13.000 state companies that employ 
some 4 million workers. 

The Treuhand is negotiating with 25 investor 
groups over sale of the consulting company, which 
Mr. FOhr expects to bring in at least 2 milli on DM 
($1.17 million). 

The unit, which has a staff of 80 ex-Treohand 
workers in 10 East European commies, is expected 
to break even this year on flat revenue of around 28 
million DM. 

Its mam rote is to hdp countries sd up privatiza- 
tion agencies, but it has worked on privatization 
of several companies itself. It also helps channel 
millions of marks in restructuring funds from 
Bonn and other Western sources into Eastern 

Although because of Germany’s deep pockets, 
direct comparisons between the situations of 
Eastern Germany and Easton Europe are impos- 
sible, the unit believes it has the knowledge to 
smooth the privatization of Eastern Europe s in- 

Requests from other Communist countries out- 
side Europe, such as China and Vietnam, for tbe 
unit’s help are a sign of its reputation, said Klaus 
Mflller, the unit's manag in g director. Flans to 
assist African nations with privatization are also 
being developed. 

Separately, another four Slovenian companies 
have completed their privatization over the past 
month, bringing tbe total this year to 10, the 
Slovenian Privatization Agency announced. 

About 260 companies have applied to be priva- 
tized and 122 have been accepted. All the compa- 
nies opted for internal privatization, in which 
shoes are bought by employees, former employees 
and their relatives. 

Russia Signals a Tough Stance on Rates 


MOSCOW — A government policy document 
points to high interest rates as the Russian central 
oank makes fighting inflation back to 7.0 percent by 
the end of the year its top goaL 
“The main efforts wiD be directed at fighting infla- 
tion, seating the preconditions for the stabilization of 
output and speeding up institutional and structural 
changes,” said the document, a copy of which was 
obtained Monday by Renters. 

The document, which provides the basis for a Rus- 
sian application for new loans from the International 
Monetary Fund, said Russia would keep central hank 
refinancing rates to within 5 percentage pants of 
interbank interest rates. Rates will be set by market 
forces, (he document said. Tbe central bank's discount 
rate now stands at 210 percent. 

“Tbe main task is lowering inflation to 7.0percent a 
month In' the end of 1994 and lowering it further 
during 1995," the document said. 

• Afaswsse-Looza Hohfiog ACTS U.S. unit, Ahsuisse-Lonza America 
Inc„ is examining an offer to sell its GoasoSdated Ahmunmn Corp. 
subsidiary to Onto Lml, a subsidiary of Mhsd & Co. 

• Portugal will retain a controlling stake in several large companies slated 
for privatization, including Ekctriddade de Portugal SA, Gmentos de 
Portugal SA, (he insurance company Compa nhi a de Segmos FSdefidade, 
Banco Fomento & Exterior and Banco National Uttremarino. 

• British consumer credit rose by £227 million ($335 million) in February, 
in line with expectations, largely because of new credit on bank cards; 
lending to businesses rose £90 million in the month. 

• Bunnah Castrol PLCs pretax profit rose about 17 percent in 1993, to 
£193.8 mfflion, as improved lubricant and chemical sales and lower costs 
offset a dip in profits in the fuels and natural gas transportation sectors. 

• Finmeccanica SpA, a unit of Istitato per la Rkostroriooe Industrials, is 
discussing a joint venture for budding radio communication and screen- 
based systems with Marconi, a unit of Britain’s General Electric Co. 

• G6n&aIede$Eaux SA estimated its 1993 net profit grew 10.3 percent, to 

3 2 billion French francs ($546 million) on increased sales; the company 
plans to increase its net dividend to 44 francs from 43 francs and will 
conduct a 4-for-l Stock split. AFX. Bloomberg AFP. Return 

WHEELOCK: Hong Kong Group Adopts Ctdonial Name as Others Stress Chinese Identity 

Continued from Page 9 
executives now hope to take tbe 
group beyond its Hong Kong earn- 
ings base. 

China, with all its potential and 
problems, rates highly in tbe glossy 
brochures and polished road 
shows, but Mr. woo, a one-time 
credit specialist with Guise Man- 
hattan Bank, has more in his sigh is. 

The effort to transform Whee- 
lock & Co. into a full-fledged Asian 
conglomerate, with a renewed em- 
phasis on trading and retail busi- 

nesses, is a dear chance to prove 
that the group’s success is the result 
of more than the family legacy of a 
strong balance sheet. 

“In the next decade or two, large 
companies with a lot of capita! will 
see tremendous opportunities," 
said Mr. Woo in an office filled 
with with photos of British royalty 
and prime minis ter*, u.S. presi- 
dents and senior Beijing leaders. 

“We are an active business group 
in East Asia and we have some- 
thing to offer,” said Mr. Woo, who 

recently formed joint ventures with 
Ted Tomer's Cable News Network 
and Richard Branson’s Virgin 
Group PLC. 

Mr. Woo intends to leave the 
day-to-day management of 
Wharfs property, holds, telecom- 
munications and infrastructure 
businesses to other executives and 
concentrate on the parent. 

“Whedock has a tremendous 
commercial legacy." said Mr. Woo, 
speaking of the name drawn from 
Whedock Maiden, a once-prood 

trading company established in 
China in 1857 that faded into ob- 
scurity when compared with other 
big Hong Kong groups such as Jar- 
dine Matheson, Swire Pacific and 
Hutchison Whampoa. “I fdt it was 
an opportunity I should not miss to 
build it into a merchant house.” 

Expanded financial services, 
more aggressive expansion by 
group real estate development 
companies, and a strong thrust into 
trading, retail and consumer prod- 
ucts distribution in China are all 

part of a plan that welcomes joint 
ventures with Western companies 
seeking a partner in the region. 

“Wharf has been developed into 
a strong assets growth play and 
Wheel ode wfll be a trading play,” 
said Michael Green, an analyst 
with S.G. Warburg Securities. 

To subscri be in Switzerland 

jusl cull, tofl free, 

155 5757 


Monday’s dosing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Walt Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via Ttie Associated Press 



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Page 15 3 

Hong Kong 
Told to Use 

Caution on 
Real Estate 


hong KONG - A leading 
Pf* f warDc d the government 
Monday against any sudden action 
to restrain Hong Kong’s riang real 

bul he^ too, 

would like to see prices flatten oat 
•tor six months. 

Paul Selway-Smith, executive di- 
reetor of Hongkong & Shanghai 
“^mgCorp^ said any precipitate 
clampdown on spiraling prices 
would penalize those who bad just 
bought homes or offices. 

It s very important that govern- 
uwnt doesn't do anything winch is 
bring the market down 
quickly" said Mr. Selway-Smith, 
whose bank is the main operating 
unit of HSBC Holdings PLC 

Governor Chris Patten said last 
month that the government wanted 
lo fmd ways to calm the real estate 
“jaritei in Hong Kong, where a 
three-year surge m prices has raised 
the cost of a typical small apart- 
ment in the central business district 
to nearly $500,000. 

“What I would like to see most of 
aD is a period of six months' stabil- 
ity. where we have zero percent 
growth in property prices,'* Mr. 
Selway-Smith said. 

Low interest rates, growing de- 
mand from young families and 
speculation, much of it by Chinese 
state-owned companies, have been 
died as causes of Hong Kong’s real 
estate boom. (AFP. AFX) 

■ France's Stand Assailed 

Hong Kong criticized France for 
using Hong Kong’s application to 
the Organization for Economic Co- 
operation and Development as a 
way of challenging higher taxes on 
cognac in the colony, Agence 
F ran ce-Pr esse reported. 

“We don’t think the matter has 
any relation to our application to 
join OECD." a government spokes- 
man said, adding that Hong Kong 
bad expressed its “disappoint- 
ment" to the French Consulate. 

Hong Kong is applying for ob- 
server status in the OECD’s trade 
committee, which would give it an 
important role in trade debates. Its 
recently enacted tax system makes 
most table wines cheaper but co- 
gnacs far more expensive. 

Front-Line Seoul Appears Relaxed 

Prosperous Residents Predict North Won’t Attack 

By Paul Blustem 

Washington Post Service 

. SEOUL — The rhetoric from North Korea 
is bellic ose, and a fearsome array of North 
Korean artillery and missile launchers men- 
aces Seoul from a short distance. Yet South 
Korea’s economy is booming along as if there 
was nothing to worry about. 

The city limits of Seoul, a traffic-choked 
sprawl of office towers, holds and apartment 
blocks, lie just 20 miles (32 kilometers) from 
the demilitarized zone separating the two 
Koreas. A bombardment by the North would 
kill and maim vast numbers of Seoul’s 10 
mflliofi residents, and devastate one of Asia’s 
miracle economies. 

Seoul and its environs contain more than 
two- fifths of South Korea's manufacturing 
capacity and nearly all its important banks, 
corporate headquarters and universities. 

fav recem weeks, North Korea has said that 
the Korean Peninsula stood on the brink of a 
war that would turn Seoul into a “sea of 

U.S. officials have taken a tough One, too, 
acknowledging that war is one posable out- 
come of the international pressure on Pyong- 
yang to scrap its nuclear-weapons p r o gr a m. 

But residents of Seoul are shrugging off the 
North Korean threats as typical blaster from 
an isolated enemy that would not dare attack 
lest h suffer ferocious re taliati on at the hands 
of the U.S. military. 

Banks report no increased withdrawals of 
cash, and grocers report no hoarding of food. 
Most people seem to be pursuing their liveli- 
hoods with typical zeal, distracted only by the 
arrival of a pleasant spring. 

“Our customers don’t take the North Ko- 

rean threats seriously," said Bae Hyo Jae, a 
manager at the Jong Won supermarket. 

The people who do take the threats serious- 
ly, apparently, tend to be far from the poten- 
tial line of fire. 

“My mom has called me up wanting to 
know when Fm leaving," said Stephen Mar- 
vin, head of research at the Seoul branch of 
Jar dine Fleming Securities Ltd. “I had some 
fund m ana g ers come here expecting to see 
war preparations, tanks on the streets, troops 
checking for North Korean infiltrators and so 
forth. But there's none of that" 

Government officials admit they are wor- 
ried that international news coverage of the 
issue may ruin “Visit Korea Year,” and some 
Seoul hotels have reported a modest number 
of cancellations. 

The government also has noticed that lend- 
ers are d emanding higher interest rates than 
usual from South Korean companies looking 
to borrow abroad. Korea Electric Power 
Chip., which was planning to issue $400 mil- 
lion of bonds on the international market, 
decided to postpone the issue. 

Foreign financial institutions ai« are main- 
ly responsible far the fact that the Seoul stock 
market has dropped 12 percent since Feb. 2, 
although worries about North Korea evidently 
played only a limited role in their selling 
According to Mr. Marvin and other analysts, 
foreigners have simply decided they inverted 
too enthusiastically last year in Asian markets. 

But aside from the limited problems in the 
finan cial marke ts and the tourist trade, gov- 
ernment officials and economists said they 
had not detected any anxiety among business 
executives or ordinary citizens over all the 
war talk. Indeed, the dominant cancan 

among experts about the South Korean econ- 
omy this year is that it may overheat, rekin- 
dling inflating 

[South Korea’s central bank governor, Kim 
Myung Ho. said Monday that the nation's 
economic priority should be to promote price 
stability, Reuters reported- Mr. Kim said M2 
money-supply growth would be between 14 
percent and 17 percent, compared with 18.6 
percent in 1993.] 

There is no question that war would be 
disastrous. According to some secret govern- 
ment analyses that nave leaked out. North 
Korean troops making a sudden attack could 
invade Seoul and perhaps a lot more South 
Korean territory before South Korean and 
UJS. forces regained the offensive and put 
their overwhelming air superiority to work. 

And North Korean long-range artillery 
and missiles could inflict terrible damage. 

Much of South Korea's heaviest industry is 
located in the southern part of the country, 
and would stand a good chance of bong 
spared. But Seoul is where South Korea’s best 
brains are and where its spending power is — 
not to mention a lot of valuable real estate 
that underpins hank loans. 

One reason Seoul seems so calm may be 
that, living cm a Cold War frontier, its people 
have become used to flare-ups in tension. 

“Wehave lived for 40 years under the same 
situation," said Shin Kyung Min, assistant 
political editor at the MBC television net- 
wok. “We've heard this again and again." 
More important. South Koreans contend that 
President Kim II Sung of North Korea is not 
so irrational as to invite the annihilation of 
his country by U.S. bombers and missiles. 

China Firms 
Penalized lor 
Textile Sales 

Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

BEIJING — Ghma said Monday 
that it had punished four compa- 
nies involved in illegal textile ex- 
ports, but it said the shipments 
were continuing despite its actions. 

The People's Daily quoted Shi 
Guangsheng, vice minister of for- 
eign trade and economic coopera- 
tion, as saying that although govern- 
ment efforts bad reduced the 
mislabeled shi pments , the problem 
— the subject of a major trade dis- 
pute with the United Sales — “has 
not been completely resolved." 

The companies were fined and 
had their right to export suspend- 
ed, official newspapers said. The 
reports said the companies had 
falsely labeled Chinese-made 
shorn, pajamas and towels as made 
in Hong Kong, Fiji or Thailand. 

Some Chinese companies misla- 
bel their goods and ship them to the 
United States via third countries so 
they can sell more than their agreed 
quotas of goods. The United States, 
seeking to protect its textile mffls, 
imposes textile quotas, and Beijing 
parcels out the quota allotments to 
ns mills and expon companies. 

U.S. charges that China was en- 
gaging in massive textile fraud 
threatened to lead to a trade war in 
January, before the two govern- 
ments agreed to slow the growth of 
China's legal textile exports to the 
United Stales and cooperate in 
catching illegal shippers. 

(Reuters, AP) 

Sources: Routers, AFP 

huenufknif Hrnki Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Hong Kong Delistings Augur Further Shakeups for Jardine 

AFP-Extd News 

The planned delating of Jardine Mathe- 
son Holdings Ltd. and Jardine Matheson 
Strategic Holdings Ltd. from die Hong Kong 
Stock Exchange may be the first step in a 
further restructuring of the group, analysts 

“The cmen L structure of the igroup looks a 
little incomplete,” said Kam Mmg Wong, an 
analyst with S.G. Warburg Securities in 
Hong Kong. “We are looking for a further 
restructuring but it is difficult to speculate 
on the possibilities." 

Mr. Wong said there were shortcomings in 
the group's structure. Semen- management 
has been split between Hong Kong and Lon- 
don, especially with the purchase of a large 

stake in Trafalgar House PLC, which Jardine 
is reorganizing. 

Others analysts speculated that the Kes- 
wick family, the ultimate controDing share- 
holder in the Jardine group, may seek to 
strengthen its position by buying back shares 
currently held by the public in such units as 
Jardme Strategic, while floating units such as 
Jardine Pacific in London. 

Jardme Matheson and Jardine Strut 
said last month that they planned to dc 
from the Hoag Kong Stock Exchange at the 
end of the year. The move followed the 
group's shift of company registration to Ber- 
muda and its decision to have its main list- 
ings on the London Stock Exchange. 

Shares of group companies fell on news of 
the planned delisting with Jardine Mathe- 

son falling to a low of 45.15 Hong Kong 
dollars ($5.92) in March from a high of 
around 78 dollars in February. The shares 
have since settled in a range near 52 dollars 
for a price/ earnings ratio of about 9.9. 

This compares with a multiple of around 
17 times earnings for Inchcape PLC a com- 

n with a similar spread of operations to 
ne Matheson, Mr. Wong said. 

Lindsay Cooper of Cosby Securities, 
speaking of the delisting, said, “Many be- 
lieve that the decision is a forerunner to a 
group reorganization that will see the Kes- 
wicks strengthen their hold over the group's 
operation." He added that various options 
are possible, including the placement of 
Hongkong Land Holdings Ltd. in the struc- 

ture of Trafalgar House and a buyback of 
Jardine Strategic shares. 

Any such move could be funded by Hong- 
kong Land selling p ro p erti es in Hong Kong 
to capitalize on its sizeable unrealized book 
gains and passing (he profits onto sharehold- 
ers, Mr. Cooper said. 

Jardine Matheson has a range of direct 
holdings in various sectors including finan- 
cial services. It has a controlling 52 percent 
stake in Jardme Strategic, which m turn 
holds a 32 percent of Jardme Matheson. 

Jardine Strategic has 47 percent of Dairy 
Farm International Holdings LkL, 32 per- 
cent of Hong Kong Land Holdings Ltd, 50 
percent of Mandarin Oriental Internationa] 
Ltd. and 22 percent of Cycle & Carriage Ltd. 
of Singapore. 

• Pioneer Electronic Corp. will by the end of 1994 start selling karaake- 
on-demand systems, in which users will be able to access the sing-along 
music and text of their choice through telephone lines. 

• The Federation of Japan Banlmra Associations said that loans by major 
commeidal banks fdlm the year to March 31, for the first time in nearly 
20 years; the amount lent by the 11 leading banks dropped by 0.6 percent 
to 221.972 trillion yen ($2.1 trillion). 

■ Hyundai Heavy Industries Ltd. began building Vietnam's first natural 
gas pipeline linking coastal industry with offshore drilling sites; the line 
will run from the White Tiger field to Ba Ria, near Vung Tau. 

• Guinness PLC with BGI Hoi Gang, a venture of France's BG1 and 
Vietnam's Tien Gang province, will brew Guinness Foreign Extra Stout 
in Vietnam; it is now imported from Guinness Anchor EM in Malaysia. 

• Compaq Computer Corp. plans to invest 150 mflUon Singapore dollars 
($94 nuOioa) in its Singapore plant over the next four years. 

• Goetze (Infia) LttL, a venture of India’s Escorts group and T&N PLC is 
planning an Euroissue of up to $50 million to finance expansion. 

Reuters. Bloomberg, Ktdgfil-Ridder. AFP 

\ Vljltf: 

(Mm Executes Executive 
Convicted of Embezzling 

The Assatiated Pros 

BEIJING — The president of a Chinese company involved in an 
illegal bond scheme was executed Monday as the government sought 
to demonstrate resolve in cracking down an corruption. A government 
official who connived with him was sentenced to 20 years in prison. 

Shen Taifu, 39, president of Great Wall Machinery A Electronics 
Group, was killed by the usual Chinese execution method — a bullet 
to the back of the bead — after being convicted of charges of 
embezzlement and bribery, the official news agency Xinhua said. 

Mr. Shen was arrested on March 31, 1993, after a dispute with the 
government ova his company’s issue of high-yielding bonds. The , 
issue, which offered more than double the return from banks or 
Treasury bonds, was snapped up by more than 100,000 Chinese. 

The government, which argued that Mr. Shen had issued the 
bonds without permission, accused him of embezzling $345,000 from 
company accounts and giving out more than $29,500 in bribes. The 
Bqjmg Intermediate Court sentenced him to death on March 4 this 
year. The ruling was confirmed April 8 by the Supreme Court. 

Li Xiaoshi, the government’s vice minister of science and technol- 
ogy who accepted $4,600 in bribes from Mr. Shen, was dismissed, 
expelled from the Communist Party and sentenced to 20 years in 
prison. Mr. Sun's wife. Son JIbong, company vice president and head 
of the accounting department, was sentenced to 15 yeart ra prison. 

Indonesia Relaxing Rules 


JAKARTA — After a sharp 
drop in government approval of 
foreign ventures last year, Indone- 
sia wM ease the rules for investing 
in projects in the country, the in- 
vestment minister said Monday. 

“We will ease investment rules, 
especially in the sectors of general 
mming and high-technology ," San- 
yoto Sastrowardoyo said. 

Now, foreign investors must en- 
sure that local partners have a 51 
percent stake in projects after 20 
years. Mr. Sanyoto said the govern- 

ment would allow more time to 
meet that standard. 

But Mr. Sanyoto said the govern- 
ment would not lower capital re- 
quirements fa foreign projects, de- 
spite urging by industrial groups. 
Under current rules, minimum capi- 
tal for 100 percent foreign-owned 
projects is $50 nriffion. 

He also said the government 
would maintain a rule that inves- 
tors can rent land for 35 years with 
optional extensions. 

Casio Faces Lower Profit 

Bloomberg Business News 

TOKYO — Casio Computer Co, 
a maker of digital watches, faces 
lower profit than originally expected 
for the year to March 31 due to a 
strong yen and poor overseas sales, a 
comp an y official said Monday. Car 
so had forecast a pretax profit of 9 
billion yen 0(85-6 million). 

Claims and Disputes 
rerser Against the 
United States 

(2021 770-20*9 
Ad.2S.1B 41 
43101 377-ttWO 

■ f # I 





Paris, April 6, 1994 - At a meeting chaired by Pierre SUARD, 
the Board of Directors of Alcatel Alsthom, the Paris based 
telecommunications, energy and transport equipment 
group, approved the group's audited financial statements 
for the year ending December 3L 1993. 

1993 Net income: 

FF 7.1 billion 
Dividend set at FF 15-00 

Net income was established st FF 7.062 million, compered 
to FF 7.053 million in 1992. 

Income from operations amounted to FF 14,278 million, 
representing an operating margin of 9.1%, similar to that of 
the previous year. 

Cash flow from operations reached FF 16.613 million, an 
increase of 8% over 1992. ... . 

Shareholders' equity after appropriation facre^ 
to FF 57.884 million compared to FF 49,895 million 
at December 3L 1992- 

Net financial debt amounted 

to FF 20.529 million at December 31, 1992, a decrease 

FF 13.280 million. 

The parent Company. Alcatel Alsthom. registered net 
income of FF 3,402 million, the same as m 1992. 

The Board of Directors decided to prop** ? ‘ 

General Meeting of Shareholders to ^hd^nThm^. 

Tune 23 1994 2:30 p.m., at the Palais des Congres in Pans, 
Of FF 15.00 (FF IWfcrfi-ll- 
1992) corresponding to a total dividend per share of 
re -1^21.75 for fiscal year 1992). including tocredrt. 

Key Financial Data 




(except when otherwise spsafex# 


Key consolidated figures 

Net sales 

Income from operations 
after financing 



161 fin 




Operating nKayin 



+ 0.1% 

Net income 



Cash flow from operations — 

Proposed distribution 



+ 8.2% 

Dividend per share 

fin French Froocsl 



+ 14% 

Total dividend per share 

(in ftaneh ftoflCs 

and inducing tax audit) — 



+ 9.6% 

Global distribution 



The record date is established for June 27, 1994, 
and the dividend will be payable from July 29, 1994. 
Shareholders, as in prior years, will have the option 
to receive the dividend in Alcatel Alsthom share form. 

In accordance with the authorization given at the 
Annual General Meeting of Shareholders of June 26, 
1390, the Board of Directors decided to proceed with a 
capital increase reserved for the employees of the 
group. This increase, for which a subscription price 
has been fixed at FF565, should take place no later 
than December 15. 1994 and will represent a 
maximum issue of 2,000,000 shares. It was also 
derided to offer stock options to senior management 
of the group, representing 2,000,000 Alcatel Alsthom 
shares which can be exercised at a price of FF 700 
between July 1, 1997 and April 7, 1999. 


Soci6t£ d'lnvestissement a Capital Variable 
Kansallis House 
Place de I'EtoQe 

B.P. 2174 L-1021 LUXEMBOURG 
RC No B 24054 


At the Annual General Meeting held on March 17, 
1994, it was decided to pay a dividend of USS 0.05 
(cents) per share on or after April 14, 1994 to share- 
holders of record on March 24. 1 994 and to holders of 
bearer shares upon presentation of coupon no 8. 

Paying Agent: 

43, Boulevard Royal 
L-2449 Luxembourg 

(formerly I FI NT) 

Registered Office: Luxembourg - 2, Boulevard Royal 
R.C. Luxembourg B-6734 


The change of the company's name from IFI INTERNATIONAL, 
abbreviated I FI NT, to EXOR GROUP has been approved by the 
extraordinary shareholders' meeting of March 2, 1994, and the 
notarial deed was published in the Memorial C on April 7, 1 994. 

The shareholders are kindly invited to present, from April 15. 
1 994 on, their certificates for an imprint of the new name at the 
company's legal seat or at the offices of the following paying 

- in Luxembourg: Banque Internationale & Luxembourg 

- in Italy: Banca Commercials Italians, Torino 

- In Switzerland: Crtdit Suisse, ZQrteh 

- in Francs: Lazard Frferas & Cre., Paris 

After May 16, 1994, only stamped certificates will be of good 
delivery on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange. 

Luxembourg, March 2, 1994 

The Board of Directors 


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c 4 




Jordan’s Struggle Witha Whole New Ball Game Is for His Father 


By Ira Bcrfcow 

New York Times Service 
HOOVER, Alabama — Every morning when he wakes 

father, James. Every morning, as be did Saturday morning 
when he rose from bed in his hotel room here, he has a 
conversation with his father, his greatest supporter, his 
regular companion, his dearest and most trusted friend. 

"I talk to him more in the subconscious than actual 
words,” said Jordan, in front of his locker in the Binning* 
ham Barons’ Gass AA clubhouse. ‘ “Keep doing what 
you’re doing,’ he’d tell me.” 

“Keep trying to make it happen,” he added. “Don't gjve 
a damn about the media. Then he’d say something funny 
— or recall something about when I was a boy, when we'd 
be in the backyard playing catch together Bke we did all 
(he time. It takes your mind away from what’s happening. 
Lifts the load a little bit.” 

The memory and the pain of his father’s murder are still 

very much alive in Michael. It has been less than a year 
since James Jordan was murdered in July, at age 56, after 
having pulled his car to the side of the road one night to 
«»ir» a nap in North Carolina. The police say his killers 
were two young men who chose at random to rob him. 

The days since then have often been wrenching for 

mino r leaguer in the clubhouse here (tying 
the major leagues.” „ 

He is a 3 1-year-old rooiae right fielder for the Barons or _ 

the respectable Southern League, considered a “prospects ting cage at Comiskey Park. Tins spring, R 

lowed mm to play with the White Sox m Eton 

league," and his debut has been less than auspicious. 

If s been embarrassing, ifs been frustrating — it can 
make you mad,” he said. “I don’t remember the last rime I 
had all those feelings at mice. And I’ve been working loo 
hard at this to make myself look like a fool.” 

In his first two games for the Barons, Air Jordan had hit 
little more than air, striking out five times in seven tries, 
along with a pop out and groundoui. 

On Snnday. he got his first two hits in a 7-1 loss to the 
Knoxville Smokies. 

There has been much speculation about why Michael 
Jordan would walk away from basketball to subject him- 
self to this new game, one be hasn’t played since he was 17. 

as my father's idea,” said Jordan, in the 

jned him to try to realize his dream — and “the 
aream of my father, both our dreams” — by starting in 
GassAA baH 

“My father used to say that ifs never loo late to do 
anything you wanted to do,” said Jordan. “And be said, 
‘You never know’ what you can accomplish until you try.’ ” 
So Jordan is here trying, lifting the weights, shagging 

season or 1990 when the Bulls were seeking (heir first 
National Basketball Association title. “We had seen Bo 
Jackson and Deion Sanders try two sports and my father 
had said that he felt 1 could have made it in baseball, too." 

"He said, ‘You’ve got the skills,’" be added. “He 
thought 1 had proved everything I could in basketball, and 

*My father used to say that it’s 
never too late to do anything you 
wanted to do. And he said, "You 
never know what you can 
accomplish until you try/ 

Jordan, who retired from his exalted state as the world's that I might want to rive baseball a shot. I told him, TJo, I 

sursue a career haven t done everything I haven t won a championship. 

greatest basketball player and decided to pursue i 
as a baseball player. And while he still says his baseball 
experiment is fun, these days lately for Jordan have not 
been strictly a fantasy camp. They have been difficult. 

“For the last nine years,” he said. “I lived ip a situation 
where I had the world at my feeL Now I’m just another 

Then I won it, and we talked about baseball on occasion, 
and then we won two more championships. And then be 
was killed." 

On the night last October when Jordon told Jeriy Reins- 
dorf, the owner of both the White Sox and Bulls, that he was 

the fly 

shows him how to throw from “the top,’ 
and Jordan then practicing over and over by throwing an 

imaginary bah. 

Saturday morning he sat among players who are as 
mudi as 12 years younger than he is. Black-and-stfasr 
uniforms hang ip his locker with the No. 45, which he wore 
in high school and not the No. 23 he made famous. 

“I just lost confidence at the platy “wSf/f 
about his three strikeouts on STtunky. IJ&tM “when! 
comfortable. I don’t remember the last nme I fdt that way 
m an athletic situation. Yon come to realize that you reap jJjPP®® 1 
better than the next guy in here.” tnarsbecn 

The other day in Chicago. Eddie tinhorn, a partner 
with Rdnsdorf in the White Sox, offered a theory on 
Jordan's baseball pursuit. 

“This is the most am* tem ~ form of psychology, tint 1 
wonder if Michael in someway is not trying to dopenance 
for the murder of his father,” he said. “I wonder a he $ not 
Seeking to suffer — to be with his father in this way.” 

“Seems to be true, doesn’t it?” said Jordan. “I mean, I 
have been suffering with the way I've been hitting — or 
no t hitting.” 

He smfled wanly. “But I don't really want to subject 
myself to suffering. I can’t see putting myself through 
suffering. I’d like to think I'm a strong enough person to 
deal with the consequences pnd the realities. That’s not my 
personality. If I could do that —the sufferings —to get my 
father back, Td do it. But there’s no way.” 

Tfis eyes grew moist aithe thought. “He was always such 
a positive force in my fife,” he -s aM- “He used to talk about 
the time my Little Teagne team was going for the World 
Series and we were playing in Georgia and there was an 
offer that if anyone hit a homer they'd get a free steak. 

“I hadn't had a steak in quite a wlnte, and my father 
said, Tf you bit a homer, HI buy you another steak.’ It was 

in the White Sox organization : 
sow him hitting in the winter,” said 
i’s minor league batting instructor, “it was 
He was dead from the waist down. I think 

He has played adequately in the field, catching all the 
flics hit to him and playing a carom off the sign in right 
field with grace and making a strong throw to second base 
that hdd the runner to a angle. 

The players in the clubhouse, at first in awe of Has 
personage, have come to treat him like a teammate 

“And 1 can learn from his work ethic,” said Mike 
Robertson, a three-year minor league outfielder. “He’s 
good to be around” 

Jordan said he had planned to play all season, all 142 
games, make all the bus rides — some as many as 10 and 
12 hours long, and then see what happens. As for the 
NBA, the only reminder is a sticker cm his locker that 
someone had pul up. It reads: “Barkley far Gov.” 

Charles Barney, an Alabama native, has spoken (tf his 
desire to run for governor of the state “I told Charles, " 
said Jordan, “that if that ever happened, you belike Hue) 
Long in the movie ‘Blaze,’ a total dictator. T told him tc 
stick to TV commercials.” 

Jordan laughed, then grabbed some bats and went to tlx 
h f u t tfr i g to ny again, and again. After that, be troticc 
out to riafn field, a position his father’s baseball hero 
Roberto Clemente, played Perhaps it is only coinddeoce. 

I ?P (li 

Old-Home Week 
As Braves Rout 
New NL West Hosts 

The Associated Press 

One week into what was to be a 
season of change in baseball one 
constant has remained: the Atlanta 
Braves still are beating up the Na- 
tional League West. 

Under baseball's new alignment, 
the three-time defending NL West 
champions were shipped back East, 


leaving four teams to figure out 
how the West is to be won. On its 
first seven-game trip through its 
old neighborhood, Atlanta was a 
perfect 7-0. 

Rookie Tony Tarasco had a 
homer and two doubles after re- 
placing injured David Justice in the 
fourth inning Sunday, sending the 
Braves to a 6-3 victory over the Los 
Angeles Dodgers, who are expected 
to battle with San Frandscofor the 
NL West title. 

“Sure, we’re glad to have them 
out of this division,” said Dodgers 
catcher Mike Piazza. “They’ve 
been very strong in this division in 
years past, but I don’t think that 
changes anything. It's still a pretty 
good rivalry” 

Now that they're a continent 
away in the standings, the Braves 
can not only beat their old NL 
West foes, but handicap their old 
division as well 

“By us getting out of this divi- 
a door for 

avine, who allowed three runs 
and right bits in 5% innings. “Ilfs 
certainty not derogatory to them, 
but I would think that San Francis- 
co would be the class of that divi- 

Justice left the game after fouling 
a pitch off his right ankle. Justice 
was sidelined last week after 

S raining the same ankle in San 

“It hit the spot that was most 
tender, from when I hurt it on open- 
ing day,” said Justice, who is not 
expected to be available Tuesday in 
the home opener against the Giants. 
“Thai was the most pain I ever felt 
at the plate. I couldn't move. It’s 
swollen up bad now, and I’m going 
to get X-rays on it tomorrow." 

Mark Wohlers relieved Glavine 
and got the victory, allhough he 
retired just one batter. Steve Bedro- 
sian pitched two perfect innings, 
and Greg McMichael gpt three outs 
for his second save. 

Piazza broke an 0- for- 18 slide 
with a 460-foot homer in the third. 

Reds 7, PHIics S: In Cincinnati, 
Bret Boone’s sinking liner got by 
Lenny Dykstra for an error, allow- 
ing Roberto Kelly to score the go- 
ahead run in the sixth and giving 
the Reds a three-game sweep. 

It was the first time Philadelphia 

was swept in 57 series since Sep- 

tember 1992. Pete Schourei 
rimmed off waivers from the Mets 
on Thursday, got the victory in Us 
first appearance for the Reds in 
relief of Erik Hanson. 

Parrfinak 2, Giants 1: In San 
Francisco, Rheal Cormier allowed 
three hits in seven innings and Ber- 
nard Gflkey bomered. Cormier was 
replaced by a runner in the eighth 
after he was hit in the left foot by 
Dave Burba's pitch. 

Mike Perez allowed aleadoff sin- 
gle in the ninth, then got three outs 
for his second save. Bill Swift gave 
up two runs and five bits in six. 

Astras 6, Mets 1: In Houston, 
Andujar Cedeno bomered for the 
second consecutive game, had two 
doubles and three RBIs. Cedeno 
leads the NL in batting at 1 Mar-22 
with eight RBIs. 

Chris Donnels, who also ho- 

Rampaging A’s 
Sweep the Twins 

The Associated Press 

Not even a change of batteries 
could energize the Minnesota 

Jim Deities pitched and Matt 
Walbedk caught u place of ailing 
Kevin. Tapani and Derek Parks, 
but they couldn't stop Geronimo 
Berroa and the Oakland Athletics 
from lighting up the Metrodome 

Berroa, a nonroster player who 
made the team in spring training, 


Onn Hoedi/TV AnoMied tab 

The Yankees’ third baseman, Randy Velarde, diving for the throw as Detroit’s Travis Fryman slid safety into third in New York. 

raered fear the second straight game, 
had two hits and sewed twice. 
Doug Drabek allowed one run and 
five nits in seven innings. 

Mets third baseman Bobby Bon- 
illa dislocated his left shoulder. The 
Mets said the iqjuiy wouldn't re- 
quire surgery, but they didn't know 
how long Bonilla would sidelined. 

Marfas &, Padres 5: In San Die- 
go, Gary Sheffield homered twice, 
tripled, doubted and drove in five 
runs against his former teammates. 

Sheffield entered the game with 
no homers, one double and one 
RBL He quickly padded those to- 
tals with a two-run homer in the 
first, a two-run double in the third 

and a solo homer in the fifth, all off 
Wally Whitehurst. He also tripled 
in the ninth and scored on a wild 
pitch by Gene Harris. Orestes Des- 
trade followed with a homer off 

is & Cabs 2; In Montreal 
Ren Hail allowed one run and four 
hits in seven innings. HSU, 0-3 
against the Cubs last year, is 6-0 in 
April starts the past two seasons. 

In an earlier game, reported in 

sane Monday editions of 

Marquis Grissom had three 
RBIs, while Mike Lansing had 
three hits and scored twice. 

drove in five runs with a homer, a 
double and three singles Sunday as 
Oakland completed a record-set- 
ting three-game sweep with a 15-5 

The Athletics, who opened the 
season with two losses at Milwau- 
kee, set a dub record for a three- 
game series with 39 runs. They also 
had 50 hits. Oakland, winch hit 
seven homers in seven games at the 
Metrodome last season, had 11 in 
this series. 

Terry Stembach drove in four 
runs with a. double and single and 
the A’s also got homers from Stan 
Javier and Troy Neel 
Deshaiesgot nordtef from Min- 
nesota’s bullpen after aftowingnine 
runs cm seven hits and five walks in 
3 % innings. Carl Willis gave up 
four runs and seven hits in two 
innings, and Larry Carian allowed 
two runs and two hits in 1H. 

Royals 6, Indbrnsl: Dennis Mar- 
tinez nit Greg Gagne with a bases- 
Joaded pitch in the sixth innings 
forcing m the go-ahead nm as Kan- 
sas City avoided becoming the last 
major league team to win a game 
fra the thud straight year. 

In carder games, reported in same 
Monday editions of the Herald Tri- 

Hoe Jays 12, Mariam 6: In To- 
ronto, Joe Carter, the hero of last 
’s Would Series, 
first week with a 

homer and five RBIs to lead Toron- 
to’s rout of Randy Johnson and 
visiting Seattle. 

He had f oar hornets and 12 RBIs 
in the season's first week. On Sun- 
day, Carter bomered in the first 
inning, then added a sacrifice fly in 
the second and an. RBI single in the 
third. He left in the sixth wmmg 
after bruising his left knee. 

, Johnson, who threw seven no-hit 
innings in Seattle’s season opener 
before tiring, was tagged for a ca- 
reer high 11 runs— a dub record. 
Johnson, who had won eight con- 
secutive decisions, gave urn eight 
hits in 2Ys inn mg s and walked six. 
Dave Stewart allowed four runs 
and eight hits in seven timing s. 

Rangers 8, OrMes 7: Jose Can- 
seco ended a I -for- 14 slump with 
three hits, including a homer, as 
Texas won in Baltimore. 

Jay Howell pitched scoreless 
of inning s relief. 

. ami Tom Henke 
pitched a perfect ninth for his sec- 
ond save. Arthur Rhodes allowed 
consecutive sacrifice fbes to Clark 
and Juan Gonzalez, and Canseco's 

Hgm 8, Yankees 3: Cecil Field- 
er summed a 2-fra-23 slump with a 
pair of home runs, including a 475- 
root drive in the ninth, and Lou 
Whitaker drove in his 1,000th ca- 
reer run in New York. 

Angels 4, Brewers 1; Brian An- 
derson won his first major-league 
decision by allowing one run and 
five hits in 8% innings, and Dwight 
Smith and Chad Curtis drove in 
two runs for California in Milwau- 

Anderson, taken in the first 
round of the 1993 draft, was called 
up from Class AAA Vancouver on 

White Soix 8, Red Sox 0: Alex 
Fernandez pitched a six-hitter — 
all singles — strode out six and 
walked one against Boston at Co- 
Park for bb first shutout 
since last April 13. 





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!<■ rwilK 



With a Long, Masterful Putt, Olazabal Conquers Augusta and Lehman 

Wise Words From Sere: 
BeRuiertt. You’ll Win. 

By Thomas Boswell 

Washington Pna Service 

A I irsr tot ” a ° ol - >crT ' Qr 

AN«inSA, < ? 0r f a T J os*-Marla OlazAbal gol lo Augusta 

Seve Baltetcros. ^ fnem1, **“ ^ h«o, his coanlryman: 

i “**»***• Yon ^ win." wrote the two-time Masters charnninn. whn 

the srsr?? S *T 01 career like an older brother. “Wirit for 

^ pressure to get to the others. You are the best golfer in the world. 

Olaz&baL, who began the day one shot behind Tom Lehman, was 
__ . m- indeed patient. He did not tie for the 

vantage / lead until the eighth hole, or take the 

Point lead alone until Amen Owner. As 

— instructed, he waited for the pressure 

with thrm* hmMi.r < to get to others. Lany Mize cracked 

with three bogeyson the last seven^^ ^^^ 
ulSiy SISlnL 0 V^o “ 8le “ 15,h 

: • ■*? ** ri8 * lt ° n to fad P0“*. too- At 28, with 18 victories 

^in^^S^ do “ u0&mly ^ eTOlv ' in “ ,he 

' V « ^ tDOWS **“ c P° cil » probably past. After 20 pro years, his 

nova and mnng seem frazzled. He owns every recovery shot on earth. 
Unfortunately, he seems to need them all in every round. Now, he seems 
content to pass the mantle of Spanish and European golf to 01a2ibaL 
All day, Lehman struck the ball superbly. And all day he tried too hard 
to make his putts and, as every golfer knows, missed them all by a 

A S LEHMAN burned the cups at the 15th, 16th and 17th holes — 
missing putts of 15, 5 and 15 feel that could have brought him an 
eagle and two birdies — Olaz&bal could fed the Masters embracing him. 

“After be missed at the 15th, I thought, “Keep cooL Two shots is not 
much, " he said. 

“After the 16th, I thought, “This is the best chance to win thm you are 
- going to have,' " the Spaniard added. “At the 17th, he missed but I made 
r bogey. 1 thought, ‘I better be careful now.’” 

Finally. Le hm an bogeyed the 18th. Considering that the hole was 
-- _ playing extremely short, downwind and with a front tier pin placement, 

: ^ made a perfectly reasonable decision to hit a 1-iron off the tee. 

_ _ Knocking it into a fairway h unke r was the mistake 

■: When Lehman missed his long par putt, Olaz&bal knew his final dght- 

:• fool par putt was a formality. 

Perhaps the only person in American golf who can view this Masters as 
a kind of moral victory is Lehman, who distinguished himself in defeat 
But a lot of other American pros should be grouchy. Aren't they getting 
a little tired of getting their clocks cleaned here? 

Asked what separates the Europeans from the Americans on this 
course, Olazabal said, “ Imaginati on " Don’t yon love it when somebody 
j can tell you why he’s better than you in one word? And then make it stick? 

_ So, who’s left? Now that OlazAbal has joined Nick Faldo, Bernhard 
Langer, Ian Woosnam, Sandy Lyle and Ballesteros as a Masters champi- 
’ 7 'on, is there anybody left in Europe with a snatch handicap who doesn't 
•' have a green jacket? 

When April rolls around next year, America shouldn’t hold its breath. 
Seve hasn't left any love letters yet for Ernie Els or Colin Montgomerie. 
Who knows? Josk- Maria may even decide to laminate his Seve Encyclical 
and use it a couple of more times. 

Final Scores at the Masters 

AUGUSTA, Georgia — Last year, Tom Lehman felt he shied 
away from an opportunity, but he harbors no such doubts after his 
rannex-np finish in die Masters on Sunday. 

“Choking is when yon don’t go for it," said Lehman, 35, who 
finished two shots short of Jos&-Maria Olaz&baL “I fed I went for it." 

Lehman fired a 31 on the front nine last year on Sunday to move 
within two shots of the eventual winner, Bernhard Langer. He played 
conservatively on the back nine and finished tied for third. 

The American said he was satisfied with his effort this time. 

“1 led the Masters for three rounds and went out on Sunday and 
played wefl," he said. “Shooting 72 on a difficult golf course when 
you're leading the tournament ts nothing to be ashamed of." 

Lehman, however, knows his soore could have been a lot better. 
Narrowly missed putts on three successive holes from the 15th kepi 
him from catching the Spaniard down the stretch. 

Lehman, whose three misses aO hung tantalizmgly close to the 
cup, was particularly stung by his four-foot birdie putt at the par- 
three 16th that curled just made the hole. 

Final scare* of ttm to u rn am ent, played 0. 
ttetns-rad (un-meter), par -72 co u r se in 
Amb Georgia I n am ateu r): 

JosAMarta Okadbai 7*47-49-49-279 
Tom Lehman 10-7949-72- Ml 
Lorry Mb* I8-7V73-77— 282 
Tam Kile *9-72-71-71—283 
Jay Haas 72-72-72-49—285 
Jtm McGovern 72-70-71 -72-M5 
Loren Roberts 7548-72-70—2:5 
Com Pavln 71-72-73-70 — 286 
Ernie Els 7447-74-71—286 
Joftn Huston 72-73-74-49—287 
In Baker-Finch 71-71-71-74—287 
Ray Floyd 70-74-71-73-287 
Tam Watson 70-71-73-74—288 
Dan Forman 7444-74-73—289 
Mark O-Meara 75-70-76-70-291 
Brad Faxon 71-73-73-74—291 
CMP Beck 71-TV 75-74 — 291 
Seva Ballesteros 70-74-75-71—292 
Ban Crenshaw 74-73-73-72—292 
Hale Irwin 734479-72-292 
Bill damn 72-7375-72—292 
Lanrrv Wbdklrts 73-74-73-72—292 
DovM Edward* 73-73-73-74-292 
Greu Norman 70-70-75-77—292 

Bernhard Lower 7*74-73-73—293 
Jeff Slum an 74-7S-71-73— 293 
Gurtls Strange 7470-75-75-294 
Scott Simpson 7474-73-73—294 
Vflav Singh 7075-7475—294 
Craig Parry 75-7473-73—295 
La* Janzen 75-7176-73—295 
Nick Fold* 76-73-73-74— »6 
Sam Torrance 76-737474-297 
Rum Cadutn 71-747470-297 
Nkk Price 7473-7477-298 
David Frost 7471-75-78—298 
Fuzzy Zoeller 7473-7478-298 
Fulton Allem 4977-7477-299 
Sandy Lyle 75-73-7873—299 
Fred Funk 7970-7575-299 
Castanttno Roeca 7970-7973-380 
Andrew Masco 74747474-300 
Mike 3 toady 77-494975—300 
Hoikne MestUal 71-71-8978-300 
Wayne Grady 7473-7340-300 
John Cook 77-7377-75-201 
Ian Woosnam 7673- 77-75— 301 
John Daly 7473-77-78—304 
Howard T witty 73-74748V- 304 
Jeff Maggert 75-7340-75—305 
o-Jalm Harris 73748977—305 

French Women’s Bike Tour Goes Racy to Peddle Its Wares 

Eagle on 15th Helps 
Spaniard Triumph by 2 

Guy Hcahara/Rctem 

Jos£- Marfa Oiazdbal of Spain, with Bernhard Langer of Germany, last year’s winner, became the sixth foreign victor in seven years. 

By Larry Dorman OlazibaTs 5-iron shot into the hard 

New York Tima Service 6 threaUm«l tO join dozens of 

AUGUSTA, Georgia — Theca- other balls w the pond, 
gle putt was long, and at that mo- “l l made it by one foot, said 
meat it seemed almost as long as Ola zibaL s mil i n g, 
the Iberian Peninsula, which had lehman hh after Olazfibal and 
spawned the man who stood over it nailed Ms (iron from 190 yards just 
at Augusta National's 15th hole: over the flag to 15 feet above the 
The Masters is won and lost on hole. This was the kind of drama the 
such purls, and Josfc-Maria OhoAbal Masters had lacked last year, and 
addfd his name io the list of men Olaz&bal was about to do what he 
who have accepted the nHaiigng p^ could to provide another of those 
That 30-footer for eagle on Son- Masters moments that live in histo- 
day propelled Olaz&bal to a two- iy. His pan, up the hill from left to 
stroke lead, and despite a bogey at right, was m the heart all the way. 
the 17th hole he maintained that “j never doubted he was going to 
margin over Tom Lehman to be- malt* it," T i»hman said. “I know 
come the sixth foreign player in the what kind of short game be has. T 
last seven years to win the Masters, was determined to malr** mine.” 

OlazAbal, 28, dosed with a 69 to ... , . 

defeat Lehman, the third-round . 

leader who shot even-par 72. mg it When OMzSbaTs putt went 
“I’m very pleased, what can I m.l^bn«Dtook o£fhishaLP|ay- 

say," said OliAbal whose total of ^ ^ ™ V”* 

nine-under-par 279 was the highest aD week, like a hockey player drop- 
winning total since Nick FaWs pmg his gloves, the man from Aus- 
283 in 1989. “It’s like a dream come Minnesota, went to work, 
true. I've been working hard for The putt looked like it had a 
this the last two years, and I chance but slithered to the right at 
couldn't be a happier man.” the last possible second. Lehman 

The son of a greens superin ten- dropped his putter, turned and 
dent from Fnentenabia, Spain, leaped, went to his knees mid 
Olaz&bal grew up near a golf course pounded the green three times with 
and started the game when he was nis open hand. 

2. He learned early the value of The tap-in birdie would not be 
i m agi n ation around the greens, and good enough. Became, after hitting 
it was that kind of imagination that a 7-iron four feel from the hole at 
carried him to victory. the 16th, i^man then missed that 

On a day when the firm and fast one. y\ two-stroke lead with two to 
putting surfaces were as difficult to p^y is tough to overcome, and 
solve as linear equations, Olazibal lMmum couldn’t manag e it, de- 
spair much of the day doing an spite some flopping around by both 
impression of his more famous players at the 18th, when both 
countryman, Seve Ballesteros, when the green after teeing off 

it came to getting up and down. with 1-irons at the final hole. 

He made the turn tied with Leb- „ 
man and Larry Mize, all of them at Still, it was appropriate that Ola- 

8 under par. By that time, most of zibal would execute one more nn- 
the competition had evaporated. up and down at the last 

“It was disappointing, in the ^ ole * 11 m . a , se ^ sc ? ® 
small picture,” Mid MizeTwho fin- demonstration of what he had done 

ished three shots behind. “In the 311 week - 
big picture, I guess it was a positive it is axiomatic that bad putters 
that I was in contention.'* do not win the Masters, and OiazA- 

By the time they arrived at the bal took just 26 putts in this final 
15th hole, it was only Lehman and round. The last one was from seven 

15th hole, it was only Lehman and round. The last one was from seven 
Olazabal, as disparate a pair of feet, following an exquisite little 
contenders as can be found. chip from the abyss left and behind 

Lehman, who was trying to be- 
come the third player in history to 
make the Masters his first official 
tournament victory, traded Olazd- 
bal by one stroke on the 15th tee. 

the 18th green. Lehman had made 
bogey, and Olazibal could have 
two-putted for the victory. 

Instead, he poured the putt into 
the middle of the hole, like a mata- 

By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Charlie Commando modeled 
the yellow jersey and Monika Troika the 
' red jersey, or maybe it was the other way 
_ around. It was difficult to tdl at the presen- 
: ration of the Tour Cycliste Feminin on 
_ Monday, since both women wore silver 
.. wigs and were anatomically identical — 
„• tall and muscular, as dancers are at the 
Crazy Horse night dub. 

In France, sex sells soap, coffee and 

automobiles, among other sexless objects, crowds that watched the race — and thus also appears in the men’s race. Nineteen 

Now sex has helped sell a bicycle race: The the choice of a launching pad. 

Crazy Horse was packed for the session This wiDbethe third edroon of the Tour, 
with Miss Commanda, Miss Troika and which is considered to be the major multi- 

teams from 22 countries are scheduled to 

France will field three teams, each led by 

en’sTour — by 9 seconds over Longo in 58 years of Masters history and the 
1992 and by a crushing 8 minutes, 29 various and sundry ghosts that 
seconds over Qignet last year. float through Amen Corner. 

Teams are also expected from Canada, It was fitting that the 15th, a 500- 

He, too, had bogeyed the 12th, but dor mercifully delivering the sword 
it wasn t a nervous bogey and he w rowing bull, ending his con- 
had the look of a man who was not quest with class. The victory was 
about to buckle under the weight of oiaz&baTs 18th worldwide and Ms 

four colleagues. There were even somepeo- day race cm an uncrowded schedule for a fine rider who has not always been wflling China, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Scandi- 
plc sitting on the plush red banquettes, women. Covering 1,295 kflometers (800 to work for the other two. France A will be navia, Slovakia, Ukraine and the United 
listening to relentlessly bouncy music and mfles),itbegins Jufy24ontheHedeGroix, headed by Catherine Marsal, France B by States, among other countries. 

care about bicy- off the coast of western France in Brittany, Marian Clignet and France Sprint Form 

cte racing. and ends Aug. 6 atop Alpe cTHoez. 

But women’s bicyde racing is a hard sdl Along the way to the Alps, the Women’s 
— the highlights film of last yearis Worn- Tour wul pass through the Pyrenees, climb- 
en’s Tour was remarkable for the sparse ing the monstrous Tourm 

Inez. by Jeanme Longo. 

ie Women’s The race’s star rider, leading the Dutch 
nees, climb- team, will again be Leootien Van Moored, 
apeak that who wtm the first two editions (rf the Wom- 

At the presentation. Van Moorsel prom- 
ised to attack from the start of the race and 

float through Amen Corner. 

It was fitting that the 1 5 th, a 500- 
yard. par-5, should be the pivotal 
hole, just as it was last year when 
Grip Beck made Ms controversial 
decision to lay np short of the water. 

All week, the 15th had been the 

not wait for the major climbs to leave her site of a variety of explosions and 

opponents behind. Miss Commando — or 
was it Miss Troika? — looked impressed. 

osions, with scores as high as 
in Henke’s 10 being carded. 

second this year. 

But it meant much more than 
thaL It meant Olazibal had, after 
years of wearing the label of poten- 
tial greatness, finally validated 
himself as genuine major champi- 
onship material. 

“Tins is the biggest thing that has 
happened in my career,” he said. 
“It is difficult to put into words just 
what it means.” 


•ura a: 

Major League Standings 






** Toronto 















- — Now York 



M 0 



2 A 

Central DWteta* 







— ■ 






. CM cage 





■ , Kansas City 





^ , Minnesota 

1 S 

West Dffriskm 








'* Oakland 
















( ? East DhrtUOO 

’ w L Pet. GB 

Atlanta 7 0 1J« — 

* Now York 4 5 ™ 

Florida 3 3 ■ 5M „ 

Scmtrao 1 2 ? 3M. 

Philadelphia 3 3 - 500 

Central Division 

Cincinnati 4 ’ ** “7 

. st. Loui* 3 \ "22 

- Houston 3 3 500 

Chicago 2 * XO Tri 

Pittsburgh 1 4 JD0 3 

Wtost Division _ 

* Son Francisco * 3 , 

i LaiAngrtn l 3 

Colorado 1 4 S 

San (Mega I 4 -MS 3W 

f Sunday’s Une Scores 


Seattle Oil Ml 81*— « J* ’ 

„ Toronto 444 W «**— T2 » • 

Johnsoa Cummings 1 31. Netsorit Blond WF 

. son. Hotel man 15); Stewart. Brow [81. WF 
S Hams (9) and Knarr. W— Stewart. ** 
L— Johnson. 9L HRs— Seattle, PlrtelH I.An- 
ttxmr (3). Griffey 13), Buhner n). Toranto, 
y Carter 14], White (11. Coles (I). 

Cafifonda 003 040 m-* 1 * 

. Milwaukee *80 188 1 *? 

Andersen. Grohe C9J and Mvws; twrea, 
. Bronkey (8) and Nilsson. W— Anderson, WL 
L— Eldred, 91. Su— Grahe (3». 

. Detroit 8W 881 373-8 9 ■ 

New York 818 188 W— 3 8 1 

. Welb. Gartflner (8) and Tettlel on; Pw w- 

I I HHcncDdc 171. Reardon (71. Hernandez iw. 
' widanan W and Stanley, w— we» JJ-I- 
l^-^ltchcacfc9LSy— Ganflner (1 ). HR4-“- 
troH. Fiekter 2 (3). Now York. Tartobwi m- 
. Bwtoa 880 00O 000-0 * J 

/ Ctdcaoo 183 831 014-0 M 0 

’ . HeskrittOuan frill (SI, Trttaek (71 BtidBer- 
• rvhilL Rowland (7); Fernandez and woyo- 
vice, w— Fernandez, 1-1. L-HesJceth, 91. 
r Tubbs 3U B 2 D 00B - I 

Haiti more 210 M0 3M-7 »0 

HenirtB. Hurst ISI.Maneyeutt (7). HOWOII C7I. 

/ Henke (91 and Rodriguez; Rhw,e4,w ''! t “^“f 
Jfi, Pennington 18). Elcnham l« «■» 

. ^K-HawriL2a.L-4lliadt9M.Sw-Ho^W 
HRs— TescOL Canseco (11. Roarlauez (21- B» 
Hmont, PnhrteWo (3). Hammonds (2J. 

. Oakland 211 500 319-13 M • 

Mtenaotn 102 2M m- 5 « 1 

Van Paaaei. Briscoe (4), Rlpheffl (7).Munez 

(81. Eckersley (91 and stelrtMch, Homond 
IT)! Deshales, WIIIH (4). Coital (41* GW®" 
Oteo ni.AouUera (9» and Wolbecfc. W-Brb- 
cdo , 30. L— Desha to, 92. HR»— Oaktana 
Neel (2), Javier (2), Berma P). __ 

. Clevetaad OM HI OH— I * J 

Kaesat CBy 881 BBS 28e-4 « • 

Martinez, Swan (7), Mesa 17), Nohhafe (■! 

.1 and Alomar; Hon e y. Brewer (7). Belinda (8) 

and Moyne. W— Haiey, 1-ft. L — Martinez, 9L 
HR— Cleveland, Romlrez (1). 

aucowa no m mo—? i i 

Montreal 3M IK sen— 8 n i 

Guzman, I Wey (4),Baskle (7), Bui linger (8) 
and Wilkins; MIIL Heredia (8) and Fletcher. 
W— Hill, 30. L— Guzman, 93 
PhlladoWlta 380 Ztt 009-5 8 1 

Ondanatf «M 002 Olw-7 9 0 

Judea Stocunrb (A) and Dauffon; Hanson. 
Schourek (4), McElrov (7) and Oliver. 
W— Scftourefc. I4L L — Juden. 9L SV-McEV 
ray (1). HR— PhUodeWifa, Doutton (2). 
Mew York so* no eoo-i 4 l 

Hoastua 021 III 00n-4 IS ■ 

Smith, Tetgheder l4),Unton(7),Franoo(B) 
and Hundlev; Drabek, Hampton W, WUHams 
(9) and Servata. W— Drabek, 1-1. U— Smith, > 
1. HRs— Houston, Demote (3). Cedena (3). 
St Louis 011 ON 009-2 5 1 

San Fratosca ON wo ooo-l 4 1 

Cormier, POtoctar ( 81 , Murphy (», Perez 
(9) and Pappas; Swift, Burba (7), Jackson (9) 
and Manwartmj. W— Cormier, va.L-Swttt.l- 
1. Sv— Perez [31. HRs— St Louis. Gltkev (1). 
San Franctecn, Wlllkem (3). 

Atiaata 3H OH 400—4 n • 

Los Anaeto iez 000 ooo-a 9 3 

Gtavkie, Wohlers (4). Bednoslan (7),McMt- 
ehael (9) and Lonez; Hentiteer. Gutt (7), 
Wavne 17), Draffttrf (7), McDowell 19) mid 
Piazza. W — Wohlers. WL L— Gatt M. 
Sv— McMJchaei (2). HR»-Alianta, Kiesko 
131. Tarasco (I). Los Anaeto, Piazza 111 

Rerfda 212 » 002-0 12 1 

Sue Diego » 300 200-5 9 1 

Hough. Perez (7), Aoulno (7), Harvey 19} and 
Tkigiev. Santiago (9); WWWwrst. Mauser (S). 
GeJHarrte (9) and Ausmus. W - H ouoti. ML 
L— WhMehuntt. 93 5v-Harvey 12). 
HRs— Florida, Sheffield. 2 (3), Dosttade (2). 
Son DJeoa. D-Bell <l), Oantrocco (1). 

NBA Standings 

Atlantic Divistoa 


*- New York S2 22 J03 — 

x -Orlando 45 29 408 7 

Miami 40 35 S33 12W 

Kiev, Jersey 40 35 J33 VM 

Beaten 28 44 JI8 21 

phtMJetPhla 23 52 J07 291S 

Washington 22 53 JOT 3BH( 

Central Dtvtsioe 

x-AUanta 52 23 AB — 

x-Chlcoao 51 34 ABO 1 

CWvekznd 42 33 360 10 

Indiana 39 35 SB UK 

Chartotte 35 39 A73 14Vi 

Detroit ® ® 

Milwaukee 19 55 357 32«i 

Midwest Division 


(•Houston 54 20 J30 — 

x -San Antonio 52 23 M 3 2VS 

-UM1 SS ™ I?" 

mmver ^ 37 5® " 

Minnesota MM 370 M 

Dallas 9 45 .122 45 

Pacific Division 
y-SeoWe S7 M 

x-Ptwenik 09 24 853 8 

x-Parffand 45 30 A00 12 

x -Golden Stale 43 31 -581 131 s 

33 41 A46 DW 

ULQiPPers » « 

Sacramento 35 49 338 3114 

x^UndkNi dtovaff north: wdlnchw »- 
vision line 

Mew York » « « 

tom J MWV 33 21 Z? 

^ Jy lEwhlfl 11-29M2B. Dav»7.u 1-115! NJ : 

ColemtBi 7-12 M 17. ICAnderson M3 M 14. 
mt O u im d s - Hew York <2 fEwteo 131* **** 

Jersey 54 (Coleman 13). Assists— New York n 
(Anthony 4), New Jersey 24 1 K-Anaersan 10). 
Phoenix 35 31 33 19—101 

Seattle 40 13 32 34— in 

P: Bark toy 920 94 23. Cebafba 9u 3-4 21. 
Malerle 7-12 54 20; S: Kemp 915 5-7 21, Gl 1119 
187-839. Rcboued*— Phoenix Sfe (Barkley 14), 
Seattle 44 (Kemp 15). Assist*— Phoenix U 
(KJohnsan 81. Seattle 23 (Gill 4). 

Boston 29 29 38 28—114 

Detroit 28 24 31 24-111 

B: Radio 11-20 3-t 25. McDaniel 915 V 1 17; 
D: Mills 912 7-7 21. Anderson 1913 1-1 2L 
□umars 7-13 1-1 201 Hunter 92* 94 22. Re- 
ho u a d* Bo s t on S3 (Radio H], Detroit 4S 
(Mills II). Assists— Boston 28 (Brawn. Doug- 
las 7). Detroit 22 (Hunter 71. 

Houston 34 » 30 31— 93 

Denver 24 M 21 n— 92 

H: Olaluwun 114791231. Cassett 6-155-5 18: 
D: Ellis 4-12 94 13. Atxhjt-Rauf 13-21 92 29. 
Rehounds— Houston 50 (Olohmon 12). Den- 
vers (Em »). Asslsfs — Houston /Cassett 
5), Denver 24 (Pack 4). 


NHL Standings 

Atlantic Division 



T Pt* GF GA 

z-N.Y. Rangers 




109 294 2Z7 

x-New Jersey 




104 300 215 





84 270 251 

N.Y. islanders 




82 279 240 





81 227 237 





77 288 310 

Tampa Bav 




69 219 247 

Norttwast DIvtskM 





99 295 285 





93 278 212 

x -Boston 




« 279 2*9 

x -Montreal 




94 280 238 





74 268 277 





61 223 283 





37 200 383 


Central Dtridoa 




x -Detroit 




98 344 271 





96 271 235 





93 273 257 

*-St. Louis 




89 243 273 





85 344 211 





57 241 337 

Padflc DMsiaa 



2 B 


95 295 250 

x- Vancouver 




83 277 275 

x-San Jose 




81 250 253 





71 228 2*4 

Los Anodes 




43 284 316 





42 257301 

z-cftodied best record overall 
Los AngwAss 0 0 w 

CblGDBD 1 1 

Ffrst Period: COmUos 16. Second Period: 
C-Marphy 31 (Raenkfc. CheJkaJ. Third Peri- 
od: LArTodd 7 (Zhltnik, RobttaUle) (pal. 
Shots on eoaL LA. (an BoIFourl 1-1S-13-29.C 
(on Stouter) 14-1919-3S. 

Boston 2 2 8—4 

PhfladtMna 1 2 8—3 

First Period: P-Yushkevto S (Beranefc. 
Brind" Amour); BHelnze Ifl (Pon atfl); B- 
Shrnipe) 8 (Hughes, (ofrafei. Second Period: 
P- Racine 9 (BrintTAtnour, Dlneen); P-Faust 
B (Fedyk, LoroO); B-Sweeney 4 (Oates. Czer- 
kawski); Mtew «8 (Oates, Hascnfftl. 

Shotion goal: B (onSaderairom. Roussen 14- 

199-30. P (on Riendeau) 6-HJ-1I— 27, 

N.Y. Raogen 2 1 1-j 

H,Y, isunden • 3 1-5 

First period: l -Ferrara 21 (vaske. King); 
ft -Messier 25 (Graves. Ziltev); R-Lnrmer 20 
(Graves, Zotov). Second Period: ‘-Hogue 34 
(Green, Mclmb) (aal; R-MocTavish 19 
(Maiteau, Kapovtsev ) ; I -Malakhov P (Kb»o, 
Turaeoal (ppj: I -Met roils 24 (Greer, Ko- 

nrineky ).TMnl Period : l-MMakhov 10 (Me ta- 
nk, Green); R -Messier 24 (Graves, Zubov). 
Shots on seal: R (on Hextoll) 1998-07. 1 (on 
Heady) 995—22. 

Danas see o-z 

St Loots 0 1 1 8—2 

First Period: D-Courlnaii 22 (Madam. 
Watt) ; D-Modano 49 ( Ktott Motvtctwk) ( ap ). 
Second Ported-. SL-Huil 54 ( Jannev, Houstev) 
(pp). Third Period: SL-Nodved5 (Kasatonov, 
Karamnov). Shots oo goal: D (on Joseph) 97- 
11-4-31. S.L (on WOkahitU 919192-31. 
Tampa Bay 1 1 8-8 

Hartford 3 2 1—4 

First Period: T-Tucker 14 (Hcunrilk. Brad- 
ley); T-Savard 17 (docone); T-Savort 18 
(Ruff. AikMTBSan); H-Knm 23 (Putrovlcky, 
Stornil.-H-Lemleox 16 (Janssens, Rantwlm); 
H-Sanderson 41 (Cossets. Kucera) (pp). Sec- 
ond Period: H-Kron 24 (Prow, Petrovldkv) 
(pp): H-Verheek 36 (Caseeh, Pronaort; T- 
Tucker IS (Brecflov, Eivnuik) (pel. Third Pe- 
riod: H-Vertee* 37 l Corse b, Kron) ( pp ). 
Shots an goal: T (on Burke. Reese) 15- IV 
18—44. H (on Young) 7-11-7—25. 

Qaotec 1 8 8-1 

Buffalo 1 8 3-4 

First Period: Q-Fraser 17 (Gusarov): B- 
Boduer 7 (Dawe. Magllny) too). Third Peri- 
od: B-MogRnv 31 ( pp ): EVWood 22 (Mol tor. 
Audette): B-Dawe6( Presley. Hannan). Shots 
no goal: Q (on HaseW 1894— 22. B (on Flsol) 

New Jersey 0 2 8 o— s 

Florida 1 1 8 0-2 

First Period: F-Meltmtav 29 (Murphy. Lo- 
makin) (pp). Second Period: NJb- Richer 36 
(NJeholte. Driver); F-Bames23(Lowry,Ku- 
detekl); NLL-McKav 12 (Pelusa Honk), shots 
on goal: N J. (an Fitzpatrick) 9148-3—31 F 
(an Brodeur) 291911-8—47. 

Winnipeg 8 8 8-8 

Toroafo 4 1 9-3 

First Period: T-Clark 42, T-BarsdievNcy 12 
(GUmaur); T-ZezH 8 (Osborne. Berg); T- 
dark 43 (Gartner, Gllmour) (ppl.Socoad Pe- 
riod: T-Ctebome9 (Gllmour.Gin) (sh). Third 
Period: T-Gartner 34 (Ckirk): T-Bars- 
dMvtiey IS (Gartner, Rmise)-5M>teaa goal: W 
(on Potvln) 995—19. T (on ChovoMae. 
O'Neill) 12-14-13-38. 

Oefratt 2 1 9-3 

Edmonton I 1 1—4 

First Ported: D-York 1 (Yunnan, Kozlov) ; 
E-MaHbv 11 (sh); D-Yzermcm 24 (Halkitfls. 
Essenso). s econd Period: E-Baorall (Moltbr. 
Otausson): D-Lapolnte 8 (Kadov. Ksnstan- 
tkxrvi; E-Stapleton 11 (Ri c hardson. McAm- 
mend). Third Period: E-RiCS 17 (Weigh I, 
Peorson). Shots on gooi: DIonBrattiwalte) 19 
1915-44. E (on Essensa) 1V2V7— 39. 
Vancouver 8 ■ i— l 

San Jose > > 8—3 

First Period: SJ.-Gatvenlov 18 (Mdlor). 

Second Period: Sj.-Dahlon2S (Wtutnov. Ozo- 
Unsh) ( pp ); SJ. -Whitney U (Falloon. Ozo- 
Hnsh). Ttdrd Period: V-Bure 59 (Craven. DV 
dude) (sh). Shots on goal: V (an Irtw) 1919 
11—39. SJ. (on McUmn) 11-4-14—31. 

American League 

TEXAS— Bought contract of Rick Heiilng, 
pitcher, from Oklahoma aty. AA. Optioned 
Darren Oliver. pRrtier, lo OWohomo aty. 

Naffoad Leone 

LA. DOOSEWS — Designated AJ Ostma 
pftdwr, tor assignment, 


National Basketball Association . 
CHICAGO— Activated WW Perduo, center, 

from tnturtd Hot Put J« Jo EnglUIv ouard, on 

Inlured Bst 


NqHorqI FootUI LwN 

ARIZONA— Signed Fred Robertson. deten- 
shw back. 

BUFFALO— Agreed lo terms wliti Stew 
Tasker, wide receiver, on >wmr contract. 
DALLAS— Signed Doryf Johnstaatulltxxk. 

to 9vear cantracL Agreed In terms with Note 
N ewto n, guard. 

INDIANAPOLIS— Agreed to terms with 
Jim Harhowah. quarterback. Released Jack 
Tradecu. quar te rback. 

N.Y. JETS — Signed Pad Frasa, defensive 

MY. G I AMTS — Agreed to terms wtth Doug 
Rtesentera. offensive tadde. on 4weur con- 
tract Signed Lance Smith, guard, to 3-year 
contract and Chuck Johnson tackle. 

PHILADELPHIA — Re-signed Bubbv Bris- 
ter. auarterbacfc, and AUke ChalensU, defen- 
sive tackle. Signed Reggie Lawrence, wMe 
receiver; Marc Woodard, dnebocker; Curt 
Brawn, defensive lineman; Mfte McKenzie, 
light end; Chris Schrack, punter ;<md Atonza 
Barnett, defensive back. 

PITTSBURGH— Signed Chuckle Dukes, 
running back; Fred Foggte. defensive back; 
and Leslie Shepherd, wide receiver. Agreed to 
terms with Reggie Barnes, linebacker. 

SAN Di£GO-<Siened Ston Brack, offensive 
tackle. Io2-veor contract, and Duane Young, 
tight and, la 3-year contract. Traded Burt 
Gretsmcuv defetove end, ta PtiHodelpMa to- 
on undisclosed 1995 draff choice. Signed John 
Carney, pfaceklcfcer, la a 3-year contract. 

TAMPA BAY— signed Btetee winter, de- 
fonsiva Hnoman. 

WASHINGTON— Signed Tony Woods, de- 
fensive end. 


NaHDMri Hockey i ffi—i p 
SAN JOSE— Recalled Kto Miner, center, 
and Mkhal Syfcora d efen s em an, from Kan- 
sas aty. tHl_ 


Cl NONNATi— Brian WoK, baskelbafl for- 
ward, wW leave sdwol at end of spring quarter. 

CLEMSON— Shut one wriabt, center, will 
terege his senior year and make htmseff el igt- 
bte for ttw NBA draft. 

DELAWA RE— Named Brvan Bossanf wkto 
racetveni coactL 

GENEVA— Kim Gall, woman's basfcrlbat) 
end lennb ante, resigned. 



IONA— Named Patrick Murafay asotetuid 
athleDc director. 

IOWA ST, - N ame d Tommie Llggins run- 
ning bodes coach. - 

LIVINGSTONE— Sian Lewtor. men's bay 
kotboii coach, resigned effective April 9 

LOUISVILLE— Accented Invitation to loin 
Mid-American Conference as affiliate mem- 
ber In ftefd hockey. 

NEBRASKA— Dave Gillespie, football re- 
crafting director and aseteheu athletic direc- 
tor for football operations, resigned to be- 
come assistant foottnll cooch ond recruiting 

^NO^tTciAKOTA— Gino Gaspari, hockey 
coodi nafgned. 

land men's basketball coach. 

Dembinskl htortm athletic director. 

PENNSYLVANIA— Named ToddWawrau- 
sek women's soccer coach. 

lo Florida 

Wooten 1 * Stogies Final 
Arantxa Sandwz Vkario (l >. Spain dot Go- 
briela Sabatlnl (4). Argentina 91. 94. 

Women*! noutikii Final 
Larisa Neflond, Latvia and Arantxa San- 
chez vicorio 111. Spain. def. Amanda Goober, 
South Africa ond Ines Gerrachatooul (3), Ar- 
gentina 92, 97 (6-8), 6-4. 

west Indus vs. England 
3rd Dor. Sunday, la Bridgotowa Barbados 
West Indies 1st Innings: 304 OOIJ avers) 
England 2nd Innings: T71-3 

» j ^ I ; 1 4-' 

Germans Replace English With UAE 

FRANKFURT (Combined Dispatches) — The world champion Ger- 
man national soccer team has given up hope of playing on the anniveraary 
of Adolf Hitler’s birthday next week and has arranged a replacement 
friendly against the United Arab Emirates in Abu Dhabi on April 27, 
German soccer officials said on Monday. 

England pulled out of the match last Wednesday became of feared 
violence by leftists and neo-Nazis. That left the Gorman squad missing a 
warmup for the World Cup this summer in the United States, and soccer 
officials scrambled to find a new opponent The German coach, Beni 
Vogts, wanted to play the UAE because he felt they had a similar style to 
South Korea, which is with Bolivia and Spain in Germany’s first-round 
group in the World Cup finals in the United States. (Reuters, AP) 

Fittipaldi Wins Phoenix Indy Race 

PHOENIX (Combined Dispatches) — Emerson Fittipaldi survived a 
crash-marred race to capture the Slick 50 200, his Erst IndyCar victory on 
a 1-mDe (1.609-ldlometer) oval ance 1990. 

Fittipaldi’s Penske Amors teammate A1 Unser Jr. finished second, 
13.482 seconds back. Nigel Mansell, the defending IndyCar champion, 
was third. Mansell had badly damaged his car on Saturday in the post- 
qualifying practice session when he hit the IndyCar rookie Jacques 
VUlencuve. VQIeneuve was one of several drivers eliminated on Sunday 
after a multi vehicle crash . (AP. Reuters) 

For the Record 

Eric Cantona, 27, Manchester United’s French striker, became the first 
foreigner to be voted soccer player of the year by the English Professional 
Footballers Association. ( AP) 

Yamaha maintained the lead in the Whitbread Round the World race 
on Monday with a 15-mfle advantage over the second-placed yacht, 
Introrn Justitia. (Reuters) 


(Continued From Page 5) 

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The Straitjacket Vote 

Cobain: Chronicle of a Death Foretold 


publican senatorial primary 
race in Vir ginia is getting dirtier. 
Candidate Jim M3Jer recently re- 
vealed that Onie North baa re- 
ceived psychiatric treatment. 
Damned if North’s people didn’t 
issue a statement that Miller had 
also visited a psychiatrist 
This is not the first time that the 
issue of psycho- 
therapy was a 
plus or minus 
for a candidate 
seeking public 
office. When 
Tom Eaglcton 
was George Mc- 
Govern's vice 
presidential run- 
ning mate, he 
was forced to __ . . . 

quit the race be- Bochwald 
cause it turned out that he had hac 
shock treatments. This in/omia tior 
was so serious that people starlet 
asking if he could be trusted tc 
throw out a baseball at Busch Sta- 

The most disturbing part of the 
Virginia campaign is that both can- 
didates used the psychiatric infor- 
mation about the other as if they 
were exposing police records on a 
serial killer. It set bade the under- 
standing of mental health by IOC 

The Virginia fight raises an im- 
portant issue — can Virginians af- 

Ex-Warlord Sells 
Chinese Artworks 


TAIPEI — The Chinese art col- 
lection of the former warlord 
Chang Hsueh-liang, who kid- 
napped the Nationalist leader 
Cbiang Kai-shek and spent more 
than 30 years under house arrest 
has been auctioned at Sotheby’s for 
just over $5 mini on. 

The collection consisted of more 
rhan 700 works, including tradition- 
al ink and wateredor paintings, 
scroll p aintings and wodcs of callig- 
raphy from the 12th century. 

Chang, now in his 90s, kid- 
napped Chiang in 1936 to force 
him into an allianc e with the Com- 
munists against the Japanese. 
Chiang eventually agreed to an affi- 
ance, but Chang was arrested. 

ford a senator who has been treated 
for a mental illness as opposed to 
one who hasn’t? 


Since the Eagleton controversy 
much has been learned about the 
mental condition of politicians. 

In a recently published paper, 
Dr. Karen Blake stated that anyone 
Who runs for public office can now 
be considered certifiable and even 
legally committed. 

Dr. Blake asserted, “A person 
who chooses to have his whole life 
opened up to the press, begs for 
money, allows himself to be pelted 
with tomatoes by his constituents 
and sucks up to the most despica- 
ble leaders of the community can- 
not disting uish right from wrong." 

Z called Dr. Blake, and she told 
me that most elected officials suffer 
from paranoia, depression and dry 
mouth. They also develop heads 
twice as large as the average con- 

The question then arises, should 
they go to a psychiatrist at the risk 
of losing an election? 

Not necessarily, according to Dr. 
Blake. “Many politicians are better 
off living in a dream world and 
losing touch with reality. Senator X 
is a good example. He sees himself 
as a ladies’ man and, because he isa 
representative of the people, he 
thinks that he can pinch every 
woman in the office. This is not 
sane behavior, but since it makes 
the senator happy be refuses to ask 
for help. When the voters find out 
that a politician has consulted a 
shrink, they just won’t trust him 
with a irOlion-doIlar budget." 

In his best-selling book “Politi- 
cal Phobias and Lost Causes," Dr. 
Thomas Cooke says that some 
folks who run for public office 
would like medical help when they 
are about three weeks into the pri- 
maries, but can't get it because 
their health insurance does not cov- 
er psychiatric care for political can- 
didates . The reason is that too 
many people running for office are 
“out to lunch," and the insurance 
companies cannot possibly cover 

Dr. Cooke also poses the ques- 
tion, “If a person gets a dean bill of 
health from the Mommger Clinic, 
is be entitled to matching campaign 
funds from Madison Savings and 
Loan in Little Rock?" 

By Jon Pareles 

jVew York Times Service 

N EW YORK — Kurt Cobain, a sui- 
cide at the age of 27, won’t be helped 
by the inevitable hindsight Rumors are 
swirling that the last straw may have been 
trouble between Cobain and his wife, 
Courtney Love, or worries about their 
child, Frances Bean Cobain. Yet in retro- 
spect everyone could have seen it coming. 

The songs Cobain wrote with Nirvana, 
heard by millions of fans, testified to rage 
and confusion, to ambivalence and loneli- 
ness, to a torment beyond relief. 

. AH the turmoil was in the way his voice 
suddenly shifted from a matter-of-fact 
drawl to an accusatory howl, and in the 
way his guitar parts jumped from riff to 
stubborn single notes to squeals of feed- 
back, as if determined to grate. And it was 
in the words he wrote and sang. 

After his death, people were comparing 
Cobain to John Lennon; in fact, he shared 
Lennon’s combination of pop craftsman- 
ship and primal self-expression. But Len- 
non didn't kill himself, and none of the 
other 1960s rock martyrs — Jim Morrison, 
Jmri Hendrix, Jams Joplin — is an exact 
analogy, rather. Where each of those trou- 
bled souls saw a sense of possibility, Co- 
bain was always faring dead ends. 

His life was investigated by sensation- 
seeking media, who found plenty of grist 
in bis history of trashed dressing rooms, 
drug use and domestic squabbles. He was 
never one to accentuate the positive. “I’d 
rather be dead than cod" Cobain de- 
clared in “Stay Away” on “Nevermind,” 
the 1991 album that sold JO million copies 
worldwide and made him more famous 
than he ever expected to be. 

A song called “I Hate Myself and Want 
to Die” was left off last year’s “In Utero" 
album; it appeared on “The Beavis and 
Butt-head Experience" compilation. 
“Look on the bright side is suicide,” he 
spat oar in “Milk It”; “What is wrong with 
me?” he demanded in “Radio Friendly 
Unit Shifter.” 

Nirvana wasn't alone in singing about 
despair and death. Its feflow Seattle 
grunge bands, like Soundgarden, Pearl 
Jam and Alice in Chains, also ponder 
mortality and self -destruction. And in cur- 
rent styles from gangster rap to industrial 
rode, visions of death are omnipresent. 

In Co bain’s songs, he seemed to be 
repulsed by everything: himself, love, 
companionship, hope, success, the human 
body itself . “Spring is here again / repro- 
ductive glands,” he sang in “In Bloom.” 

His music wasn’t only the sound of some- 
one trying to lash out against the stupidity 
he saw around him; he wanted to jump out 
of his own skin. In Nirvana's volatile music, 
constantly shredding any hints of consola- 
tion, fans heard something real. 

Nirvana was the band that brought punk 
rock kecking and s cream in g into the mass 
market. The underground had been active 
for mare than a decade, creating a circuit 
for bands that didn’t aim to be commercial 
blockbusters; they played at local clubs, 
recorded for independent labels and were 
heard on college radio stations. 

Then along came “Nevermind," which 
made clear that with a little attention to 
melodies and production, punk’s vocifer- 
ous incoherence could speak to rock’s wid- 
er public: Nirvana had the right timing 
ana an i nspir ed songwriter. Cofiaborating 
with Krist Novosehc on bass and Dave 
Grohl cm drums, Co bain pulled together 
the brute face of heavy metal, the raw 
noise of punk rock and a tunefulness that 
harked back to the Beatles. 

The music made his slurred, fractured 
lyrics sound like manifestos, though they 
were ones that listeners had to decipher on 
their own, even when the words were print- 
ed. The irony some of os heard in lyrics like 

“Load up on g uns , and bring your friends" 
— the opening lines of “Smells like Teea 
Spirit,” Nirvana’s world-beating fait angle 
— now scans to be wishful titinlrmg ; Co- 
bain had the guns, and he used a shotgun to 
wn hinwif Friday. 

Cobam didn’t intend to ca pitalm on 
punk. In his defensive finer notes to “Inces- 
trade," an album of odds and-ends released 
in 1992 (between T'Jevennmd" and its 1993 
sequel “In Utero”), he wrote, “I don’t fed 
the least bit guilty fa cammerdally expiat- 
ing a completely exhausted rock youth cul- 
ture because, at this point in root history, 
punk rock (while still sacred to some) is, to 
me, dead mid gone.” But for once, no one 
should have believed him. 

Cbbain told interviewers that punk rock 
saved his life when he was an nnatidetic, 
underachieving, arty and bookish misfit in 
the logging town of Aberdeen, Wasbmgtim. 

Punk offered an outlet far frustration 
ami created a kind of community of oat- 
casts; if provided a refuge, one Cobam 


Nirvana: Kurt Cobain (right) with Krist Novosefic (left) and Dave GrohL 

na. And to its truest devotees, punk is a 
culture of refusal, turning away m disgust 
from a m ains tre am that fawns over material 
success and chases thoughtless pleasure. 

Punk is haunted by death and the possi- 
bility of sdf-destructUwL That fascination 
is symbolized In ripped clothes and 
pierced bodies, and it was made mythic in 
the quick rise and pointless death of the 
Sex Pistols’ bassist, $d Virions. After all, 
survival means compromise. 

In making “Nevermind,” Nirvana real- 
ized it was moving toward the commercial 
sphere; the album cover shows a baby 
reaching for a book baited with a dollar 
ML But selling the expected 100,000 
copies would only have saturated the alter- 
native-lock market, reaching people who 
would presumably understand. 

Selling millions meant that Cobain was 
serenading the kinds Of people who tor- 
mented inm through- adolescence. All of a 
sudden, be was cool. 

He used his newfound influence to get 
his favorite obscure bands beard as open- 
ing acts and on festival bills. He tried to 
subvert the mass media that grudgingly 
welcomed him; on “Saturday Night Live,” 
he kissed Novosefic on the lips, a gesture 
to spite homophobia. 

He also tried to shrug off his peculiar 
nde; the first line he sings on “In U tero’’ is 
“Teenage angst has paid off well" Even if 
Nirvana had not been the great band it 
was, it would be important for all the 
doors it opened, for the ways it reminded a 
broad public that the music on the fringes 
could make as much of a difference as the 

most heavily promoted corporate product. 

But Cobain's role gnawed at him; for all 
that his popularity helped the muse he 
loved, it trapped him. 

■ The Crime ol Leaving 5 

Tearful and profane, Cobain’s wife, 
Courtney Love, read from his suicide note 
in a recording played for thousands of 
young people gathered ar a candlelight 
vigil in Seattle on Sunday to mourn the 
grange rocker. The Associated Press re- 
ported. Love and dozens of others, includ- 
ing members of Nirvana and Love’s band. 
Hole, attended a private memorial sendee 
Sunday night at a church a few blocks 
from where the viol was being held. 

“I haven’t frit me ctritemrait for so 
many years. I felt guilty for so many 
years," Love read on the top e as tears 
flowed freely in the crowd. “The fact is I 
can’t fool you, any one of you. The worst 
crime is faking it.” 

Love interrupted her narrative to add, 
in a voice thick with tears, “Na the worst 
crime is leaving.” 


A Big HU for the IRS: 
$95,000 in Bock Taxes 

Percy Sledge, whose big hit was 
the song "When a Man Loves a 
Woman* in the ’60s, has pleaded 
guilty to cheating the U. S. govern- 
ment out of mote than $95,000 in 
taxes from performances in the late 
J980s. Tbe53-vear-old singer told a 
U.S. District Coun judge, “I knew 
I owed more. Tm glad it’s aD be- 
hind us now. It’s something that 
didn’t need to happen.” It’s not 
quite all behind him: He could be 
sentenced to up to 1 5 years in pris- 
on and fined $750,000. 


Queen Efizabetii H has been top- 

pled from her position in The Sun- 
day Times table of Britain’s richest 
people by Swedish-born brothers. 
The Tones of Loudon reported 
Monday that the table compiled by 
its sister paper shows Gad ana 
Hans IffliisiHg with a combined for- 
tune of £52 billion ($7.65 bQlioa) 
against £5 billion for the queen. 
The brothers made their money in 
milk cartons, notably theTetraPak. 

A woman dressed as Barney was 
attacked in Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, by a college student acting on 
a dare who saidne bated the cartoon 
character. “We had slot of witness- 
es,” said Deborah McRoy, who suf- 
fered a neck injury. “One little boy 
said. I’m going home to get my gun. 
Barmy, and Fm going to shoot 
him.’ " Derrick McMahon, a stu- 
dent at Worcester State College, was 
charged with assault and battery. 
It’s better than being shot. 


The city of Shenyang in north- 
east China says it has found the ate 
of Seiji Ozawa’s birth. Ozawa, the 
music director of the Boston Sym- 
phony orchestra, was bom in 1935 
m the capital of Liaoning Province, 
where Ids father was a dentist dur- 
ing the Japanese occupation. Xin- 
hua says Ozawa came to the city 
recently with a map drawn by Ins 
mother, Sakura, 86, to find the 
house. Shenyang officials say the 
house at 209 Democracy Road, 
now a hospital office, will hence- 
forth bear a plaque inscribed: 
“Birthplace of world-famous con- 
ductor Seiji Ozawa.” 



Appears on Pages 4 & 5 
















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Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 



Not MM 





North America 
Ptetafe erf nrin and (hunta’- 
storms wffl tw common from 
Texas to Missouri anil 
Chicago Up this vHMk. East 
Coast dtiw such as Wash- 
ington and PtillatiaJphla wH 
haw mHd weather and Just a 
law ahowtsre. Atlanta to 
Orlando wfM bo sunny and 
warm later this week. 


Ratn ovbt Poland Wseftwa- 
day wfl slowly spread north- 
eastward Into the Baltic 
Countries Thursday and Fri- 
day. A little snow and sleet 
may mix wRh the rain near 
the Baltic Boa. London and 
Paris wfl have dry. season- 
able weather. ModniMdud 
rains may reach Spain and 
Portugal ttHiraday. 


A tew afKJWws over Japan 
Wednesday wfl givs way to 
dry. cooler weather Mar in 
the week. China will have 
seasonable weather later 
this week with scattered 

rains across the Yangtze 
River Valley. Bangkok 
through Monte wfl be warm 
later this week. Singapore 
wfl have scattered rakw. 



36(95 27(50 
11/B2 -lOI 
24(75 21(70 
34(93 22(71 
34/89 18/64 
16/BI -1/31 
17*2 7*44 

32*9 23(73 
28(79 19(86 
18*4 14(57 

4I0OT 18*4 II 
Cw»T«M1 25/77 V 
CauMra 23/79 li 
Harare 34(76 I 

Lagos 31*8 8 
HdujM a*m ii 
1W* 17*2 i 

Worth America 

Andwaga 4(39 ■' 

W Hflh Uxr W 
pe 34/93 25(79 pe 
a 13/55 2*5 s 
C 24/73 20*B pc 
pc 34*3 22(71 t 
s 35(95 15*4 * 
ah 11*2 -1*1 Ml 
pc 17/62 8*48 pe 
pc 32*9 23/73 pc 
C 23/73 17*2 pc 
ah 15(81 4(39 pe 

Middle East 

Today Tomorrow 

High Low W High Low W 

OF OF Of Of 

26/77 IBM ■ 24/76 17*2 pc 

32*8 13(55 a 30*88 14*7 a 

26(77 9(48 a 24(78 11(K pa 

22/71 12*8 a ZUn 13(85 pe 

98 /KB 18*8 a 37/88 14*7 a 

31*8 18*8 a 34(83 18*4 a 

Latin America 

Hah Lot 

High Tm W Hp Law W 

BuanoaMtaa 24(75 13*5 a 34/75 13*5 a 

Caraaa 29(84 23/73 pc 28*4 84(76 a 

lima 28/73 18*4 pc 24775 15*4 pO 

MaxtoCky 28*4 13*5 a 27*0 13*6 pc 

flbdaJanetQ 27*0 20*5 pe 27*0 21/70 pa 

3w4ago 24/75 5*46 a 24(75 8*48 pc 






1 Swiss dly on 
the Rhine 
* "Jake's Thing' 

10 Nice shindigs 

14 Allan- 

(Robin Hood 

15 Carry on 

i** Fire" 



17 Paris site 

ie" partridge 

in a . . 

IS Kind of fountain 
so Runaway, ola 

as Runway, of a 

as Book-lined 

2S London site 
xr Cartoonist 
2S Twofold 
3a Gama award. 

for short 
35 Make a pot 
3* Skin layer 
38 Rome slta 

21/70 14*7 Mi 2irra 15*8 pc 
23/73 14(87 pe 24/78 17*82 pe 

LagmrS sHhjraw, po-paiS/ cloudy, odoudy. MHhcwara. Hh un Oarn fau m, wtn.aHnowAnf, 
arnnoaa, Hoa. I ff W wH a f. AM mapa. toit OTm and Oam pi oMdOT by tecu- Wa alhar, tec. B 19S4 

Solution to Puzzle of April 11 

□□man nsn anna 
QHnaa ama astana 
Iqqhdh aiaaaaaaaa 
sqqhqqh aaaaao 
□□□ □□□□:•] 
qoqhsh nsHacraas 
QHfssn sbqejq aaa 
ocjsaa sqq aaaas 
nsj0 □□□□a anaaa 
□aaaanaa aaaaaa 
asaaa aaa 
□qqqqp naaaaaa 
□□QaaQaaa □□□□□ 
HDQoa ana a^aaa 
□□as aaa aaaaa 

40 Amsterdam site 

41 Chop our 

42 Sear for two or 

43 “You don't 

44 titter 

45 They beat 

47 Florence site 
90 Not on tend 
54 Upset- minded 
57 Positions 

» Big 10's 


SO Letter end 
«a Moscow sire 
ss Derby 
•4 Ended 

ea River to the 
North Sea 
•7 Com bread 
■•Having an 
Irregular edge 

• majesty 

•Mr. Parseghian 
7 Sea cow 

• Kipflng story 

• Legendary 
Packers QB 

10 Surgical knife 

11 Love, 

Spanish- style 

12 Italian town, she 
ofal796 ' 

13 Fastener.. 

li RF.L standout 

*3 Not a main 

MNaJdiof silents 

*•1964 Four 
Seasons hit 

*o- 'n* Andy- 

31 Trevf Fountain 

at Classic sports 

a Turn sharply 


••Somewhat. In 

1 With 



37 High ovsrtwad? 

9 One of the 

aa Money for 



• Dresden 



41 Harold of 

4 sup by 


••Pianist Gyorgy si Defunct treaty 
' org. 

i Birds Eye 


children'a writer 




i* — — kteine 


© New York Tunes Edited by Will Shortz 



Tim^l in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 

AGS' Access Numbers, 

How to call around the world. 

1. Using the doit below, find die country you are calling from. 

2 Dial the corresponding /tDET Access Number. 

3. An AGfir Engllah-speiklng Operator or^ voice prompt -wfflssk for die phone number you wish bo call or connect you coa 
customer service represemarive. 

To receive ytwr free wallet card of Al^ Access Numbere,jiBt dial the access number t>f 
the country >rxr^ in and ask for Customer Service 


ArattaHa 00H 



Hong Kong ; 


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convenient Access Numbers on your right 


HC Ireland 

0014 - 881 - 0 X 1 Italy* 

106 X 1 U c ch t mo te dn 1 
OT 8 - 87 Z Ultreml** 
800-1111 Luxembourg 
000-117 Malta* 

.0 Mototi * 

0039-m tetgMg 

009-11 nanny 

IT Mrodte- 

8000011 Pottagpr 

000-911 wotw— 

10S-11 ElMBtertMOMOW) 
239-2872: SkTntkte 

1-800-590000 Colombia 
172-1011 COBttWcrt 


g * 19 * SSahmdsa** 




800-0111-111 Spall 
4j(H30 tea 

0080-102800 9wtt 

0019-991-mi UK. 


8*14111 Bahrain 

<029050 11 Cyprus* 

078 - 1 J -00 10 and 

00-18000010 Kuwait 
95-380011 LtbowinCWnd) 

00-420-00101 ytr alja ' 

«*»»>■« mSSS 

: SSSr 

; ””7:1-288 

01-8004288 . — 



90039-00-11 - ^= 


rat 155-OO-U ***** 

Q5t»sg^mi ' Bennudg 


~ 800-551 Caynanl 

080-yCOlQ f 

177-100-2727 ****** _ 

800-288 Jamakx" 

l _ 980-11 -0010 

■ lu 


5 190 



L 123 

> 95-800-462-4240 

QM«n*BttO 174- 

t kptin 

too** IT Potepd*» w 04010-480-0111 <Afr M B t iwO 17* 

Malaysia* 8000011 PottagaT . 0jai.7-l.-288 ' ?“ESE — JO? 

New Zealand 000-911 awnante Ctt-aQO^ge : IE’ 

FMBpptacg* lOVll Hu3Bte~(Moa«m) 155- 5043 1^6 

Stitperf 299-2872 : Slovakia »«MM' H mguay 000410 

Singapore BOQQlU-lll Spain 9005900-11 ^ g^?! 120 

Sri Lanka 4j(MgO Sweden* OX’, m&l — - — C AfflttHriAN 

Taiwan* ■ 0060-102800 9w l t mlm f 15500-11 Bih * UU * 1-800-872-2881 

Thafland* 0019991-1111 UK. 0500090011 SemEItfa * 1-600-8 72-2881 

EUROPE MIDDLE EAST -IktststiVI. 1-800072-28 81 

Armaria** jugm Bahrain 800001 Hands 1-800-372-2881. 

Atatria-** 022903911 Cypna* QB090010 i ^ rea ^ a * 1-600672-3881 

Belgium: 078-11-0010 Jasud. 177-100-2727 ' 3*£ 001-800972-2883 

Bulgaria 00-1800-0010 Kuwgii 800-288 Pnaiarr 0-800-872-2881 . 

Croatia** 99-389011 Lehman pterin*) 42fr«l Wta.Antfl 001900-872-2881 

Cwditep 00-^0-00101 Saudi Arabta 1-800-100 i StStoVNevts 1-B00-872-28P1 

D cMngri f 8001-0010 Tltriny* 00800-12277 *iF RKA 

Hntend* 9800-100-10 AMERICAS gjypT(Ctf ol tiMOOO 

f raoce lga-OOll 001-800-200-1111 Gabotf 

Gavaar 01300010 Bd&e# ' 555 S? r ~oafn- 

Grtxacr 00900-1311 Bolivia* 0800-1111. K«jy? 35^; 

' Bnoflwy* OOa-flOOOHii ted 0009010 lioerh ^ 7 _^ gT1 | 

999<X11 chfle tMSUr ' MakwT* : i ' o M 9» 

'fltf&SnKGttlmjHwsWifetaaUiiainulAXnirwiMUOaoaecr-xivOT .«ayrv»s? jvtlU^IrrmiLwy r*t«c 

puTOTOunvywnvrmraBIrpIVOT-i'niiinvilvm'iQclxinntnaxriMiiiiw — 04*ei nltinilivity. 

tew* 1 Wit owr-rtf r*« ml- bnrrpn-aili n in raw 1 4(1 bmnaun WWlte piiOT^itqMft-tKWiOTimvnww , , 

«BT W^CimOTer-Swkvhwalbhk-fiim 

1 MU WO»Mawaoa-5i , n«te-fi«Kv.* rr »y V e— Nnym mfeMvfemMltRa, 

wtr USAtUrtO* JwXat*- fr. rn ja iK 1 n puraVn UK™?. 4AwMlim>AliUllinv. 

•PuNh-rtOTv. mpAv Jai« ilnHntir phnurcanlfanM Mw *4^puh^w.. , t^ r v1itfvriJhuD. n .* J , fc, 

D n i ma i t * 





' Bnoflary* 


8001-0010 T urkr y* 

19a-OOH Argentina* 
01300010 jaT" 
00800-1311 Bolivia* 

999001 no. 



001-800200-1111 G tbotf 

555 Gambia* 

P80P1111 Kenya* 

0008010 Ufrerfc 

00*40X2- Majawf* 

.% r.*: " 
>. - . •• • 

c 1994 Jdsr