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INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


* * 


Paris, Friday, April 15, 1994 



No. 34.563 


UN Forces 


1 i \">)\V 


By Chuck Sudetic 

New York Tunes Service 

j^^^^Bosaia-Herzegoyina — Bos- 
Thureday sbo1 at and abducted 
JiSE? Nauons troops, shelled a UN-con- 
* air P° rt and tried lo force the surrender 
hea \7 weapons from collection points near 
iSStSSSS . ion oU NATO 

j.-I’S Serbian moYes mark the most serious 
. reialiatjoD yet for two limited NATO 
air strikes Sunday and Monday against Serbi- 
al ^ ck ™8 heavily populated neigh- 
WTrhoods in the UN “safe area" of Gorazrie, 
•a Inch endangered UN personnel. 

It remained unclear, however, whether Bos- 
nian Serbian leaders had • - * 
aimed at deepening the ongoing feud with th< 
un and the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion or were maiing tacticaf moves designed to 
embarrass the international organization and 
vein outrage oyer this week's air strikes. 

trif. r f^’ £nl x B ' U warned Serbs not to 
treat UN or NATO personnel as combatants, 
Reuters reported from Washington. “I think 
tne Serbs would be making a mistake to start 
treating United Nations and NATO forces as 
adverse combatants. That is not what we are 
douigwe are trying to get them to honor their 
word. Mr. Clinton said at a news conference.} 
i ^° snjiul Serbs severed contacts with 
UN diplomats and military leaders after the 
air strikes but agreed Wednesday lo meet with 
Loru David Owen and Thorvala Stoltenberg, 
tne co-chairmen of the UN- European Com- 
munity-sponsored peace conference on Bos- 
nia. which has made Ultie headway for 
months. . 

The conference co-chairmen left Sarajevo 
on Wednesday asserting that they had won 
agreement by the Bosnian Serbian leader Ra- 
dovan Karadzic to meet on Friday with the 
top-ranking UN official in the former Yugo- 
slavia, Yasushi Akashi. 


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'Hi.-, ;: ^ -- 



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M&wx huh i i ■■ 

See BOSNIA, Page 4 A Sarajevo woman crying on Thursday as a relative returned through a checkpoint to a Serbian-held neighbo rhood 


26 Killed in Iraq 
As U.S. Air Force 
Downs 2 of Its 
Own Helicopters 




atfs Next After Trade Treaty? Enforcement 



By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribute 

MARRAKESH. Morocco — After more than seven years of 
tortuous negotiations, officials from 125 member countries of 
tie Genera] Agreement on Tariffs and Trade wiD finally sign 
the world’s biggest trade liberalization treaty, the Uruguay 
Round accord, here on Friday. 

Now comes the hard part. 

The atmosphere in Marrakesh is seemingly jubilant. But 
away from the celebrations, GAPt^ddegates from nations 
large and small are busy protecting national interests, catting 
deals and in general voicing suspicions about the intentions of 
thetr trading partners. 

There is, to put it mildly, a certain degree of apprehension 
about how effective the World Trade Organization — the 
successor to GATT that is to come into existence next year — 
wili be in policing the world trading system. 

putting the agreement into force “will be as difficult as the 


negotiation was," said Rufus Yerxa, the deputy U.S. trade 
representative Apart from the need for members to ratify the 
treaty itself, Mr. Yerxa predicted there would be numerous 
efforts to test the new dispute settlement mechanisms of the 
trade organization. 

Sir Leon Britton, Europe’s trade commissioner, said in an 
interview that he hoped the new organization would exist “on a 

NEWS ANALYSIS .. 

par with the World Bank and the International Monetary 
Fond.” But he noted the real question will be whether it can be 
successful as an organization that sets the agenda on trading 
issues. “What we don’t want is a UN-styie talking shop." be 
added. 

Mr. Yerxa, rather less diplomatically, said: “There is alot of 
doubt right now about whether countries will walk away from 


this. A big part of the U.S. agenda is making the damn thing 
work properly.’’ 

Among the tasks facing the Geneva-based Work! Trade 
Organization wiD be: 

• Making sure that GATT members live up to their prom- 
ises to phase out agricultural subsidies. 

• Policing the treaty commitment to observe new interna- 
tional standards on patents and copyrights. 

• Insuring that textile markets ore opened over the next 10 
years as. called for m the accord. 

• Camping down on abuses of anti-dumping legislation in 
member countries. 

Diplomats also point out that a number of substantial and 
politically sensitive new trade negotiations are to begin wily 
after Marrakesh. 

The Uruguay Round, for example, left largely unsettled the 

See GATT, Page 4 


By Paul F. Horvitz 

International Herald Tribute 

WASHINGTON — In a disastrous case of 
mistaken identity, two US. Air Force jets pa-' 
ironing the rides over northern Iraq fired mis- 
siles on Thursday and destroyed two US. mili- 
tary helicopters, killing all 26 allied military 
personnel and Kurdish passengers on board. ” 

Pentagon officials joined President Bill Clin- 
ton in expressing regret over the incident, say- 
ing that the U.S. Black Hawk helicopters had 
been mistaken for Iraqi Hind helicopters 
thought to be violating the “no Right" zone 
imposed on Iraq by the United Nations. 

The zone covers territory north of the 36th 
Parallel and is patrolled from a base in neigh- 
boring Turkey. 

Similar cases of U.S. military personnel be- 
“ 1 fire” plagued the Penta- 
, and military officials 
i ways to to avoid such fatal 

accidents. 

According to a senior official al the German- 
based U.S European Command, the dead in- 
cluded 15 U.S. nnlilaiy personnel, three Turk- 
ish officers, two British officers, a French 
officer and five Kurds. 

President Bill Clinton, at a news briefing, 
expressed “nw deep sorrow at the tragedy” and 
said the relief effort inside Iraq “must and wiD 
continue.” 

Initial reports indicated that the U.S. heli- 
copters were carrying out a consultative mis- 
sion under Operation Provide Comfort, a UN 
program created after the Gulf War to protect 
and aid Iraq’s Kurdish minority. 

AD those on board the helicopters were 
killed, and their bodies were recovered and 
returned to a Turkish air base, a US. Army 
officer. Lieutenant General Richard Keller, 
who is based in Germany, said in Stuttgart. 

About 12 of those killed were thought to be 
U.S. helicopter crew members. 

The U.S. defense secretary, William J. Perry, 
said a full investigation would be mounted and 
that the results would be nude available to all 
those nations whose personnel were killed. 

“I take full responsibility for today’s trage- 
dy." Mr. P$ny said. 

He made no definitive statement on the cause 
of the accidental downing but said that the U.S. 
F-15 pilots “did gp in to make a visual identifi- 
cation" of the helicopters before each jet fired 
missiles. The helicopters were on their way to a 


Kurdish village so that the UN officers could 
speak to village elders. Mr. Perry said. 

CNN reported from the Pentagon that the 
helicopters were fiying low. making radar iden- 
tification difficult and that the pilots, on visual 
inspection, believed they were tracking Iraqi 
Hinds. 

General Keller said one U.S. F-15 fired a 
radar-seeking missile and the other a Sidewind- 
er heat-seeking missile. 

The Black Hawk and Hind craft, which is a 
Soviet-built model, are not dissimilar in ap- 
pearance, although the Black Hawk is about 2.4 
meters (8 feet) longer. Both are twin-engine 
crafL 

Also overseeing the air operation on Thurs- 
day was a U.S. Airborne Warning and Control 
System aircraft, Mr. Perry said. These sophisti- 
cated planes normally provide preliminary 
identification of aircraft for fighter pilots ou 
patrol 

The incident occurred in the late morning 
about 56 kilometers (35 miles) north of the 
Iraqi city of AibiL Weather was good. 

“we will get the facts,” Mr. Clinton said. 
“And when we get the facts, we wiD make them 
available to the American people and to the 
people of Britain, France and Turkey, our part- 
ners in Operation Provide Comfort.’’ 

The British defense minister, Malcolm Rif- 
kind, who was visiting Washington, said he 
believed two British officers were among those 
who died. He expressed “complete confidence 
in the inquiries that the United States authori- 
ties win be carrying out” 

The French defense minis try confirmed in 
Paris that a Bench officer was killed, and the 
Turkish prime minister, Tansu Ciller, who was 
visting the White House Thursday, announced 
that three Turkish officers had died. 

The Associated Bess quoted a Kurdish offi- 
cial, Hoyshar Zobari, as saying that the helicop- 
ters were transporting UiL, British, French and 
Turkish officers from the UN office in Zakho, 
near the Turkish border, to Salahaddin. in the 
heart of Kurdish zone. 

One helicopter crashed near the village of 
Amada. the other near Bekhma, another village 
in the mountainous region, Zobari told the AP. 

General John M. Shalikashvfli, the head of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the rules of 
engagement in such instances permitted offi- 
cers in the air over Iraq to decide whether to use 

See IRAQ, Page 6 


Germany Makes 'Cautious’ Cut in Rates 

Bundesbank Aims to Calm Markets After Recent Turmoil 

Bv Craig R. Whitney 

’ iV«w York Tunes Service 
FRAN K FURT —The German central bank 
continued cautiously nudging down key inter- 
est rates Thursday, holding out the prospect of 
further gradual reductions if inflation contin- 
ued to decline and setting off a round of similar 
small cuts across Europe. 

■ President Hans Tieuneyer of the Bundes- 
bank said that the cuts, effective Friday, wen? 
intended to calm financial markets roiled by 
recent turbulence in both stocks and bond 
| ra ding and by speculation about rising interest 
rates in the United Slates. 

European stock markets and the dollar 


moved slightly higher on the news but then fell 
back amid nervousness about the consequences 
of news reports that Iraq had brought down two 
U.S. helicopters. 

“The task of the Bundesbank wiQ continue to 
be to dampen expectations of inflation, and 
therefore to be very cautious in nuking interest 
rate reductions,” Mr. Tietmeycr said. But tbe 
bank’s central bank council noted that “the 
prospects of a continued reduction in the rate 
of inflati on have improved” and said, it .as- 
sumed it would keep dedining in the months to 
come. 

Ulrich Beckmann at Deutsche Bank Re- 
search said the comments about slowing infla- 


tion had made dear that the trend to lower 
interest rates would continue. 

“Tins was an important sign showing that tbe 
Bundesbank is stiH sticking to its policy of 
gradual rate cuts,” he said in an interview with 
Reuters. 

Although the German bank had not been 
expected to lower its discount rate Thursday, it 
did so by a quarter of a percentage point, 
bringing it down to 5 percent — 4.75 percent- 
age points lower than its record high in the 
summer of 1992. The rate is what the Bundes- 
bank charges commercial banks for loans 

See RATES, Page 4 


Skeptics Say Air France Plan Won 9 t Fly 


By Jacques Neher 

International Herald Tribute 

PARIS — The desperate attempt by Air 
France to make the unprofitable national air- 
line competitive is sure to be perilous and may 
be doomed from the start, airline industry ana- 
lysts said Thursday. 

Thev said a restructuring. 
earlier ibis week bv the airline s 40,000 employ- 
ees, mav be too tittle, too late, panfculariyasitt 
leaner competitors gird to do battle m increas- 
ingly deregulated European skies. Even Lbe 
optimistic analysts said the chances erf failure 

were significant. . . 

“Air France will staggpf on, even w«h i a 
refinancing.’’ predicted an airline analyst with a 
major French bank who spoke on Madman i of 
anonymity. “They would have to double the 


employment cuts and aggressively give up mon- 
ey-losing routes to make a difference.” 

The plan, presented in March by Christian 
Blanc, tbe chairman of Air France, seeks a 30 
permit gain in productivity and a return to 
profitability by squeezing costs and re-thinking 
the way the airline does its business rather than 
by foDowing the example of competitors, such 
as British Airways, which have Gist swung the 
ax on bloated payrolls. 

It also seeks a,20-brfHion French franc (S3 
billion) infusion from French taxpayers to re- 
structure its balance sheet 

The blueprint calls for tbe voluntary depar- 
ture of 5,000 workers and a freeze in salaries 
over the next three years. Workers agreeing to 
take salary cuts are to be given company stock. 
It also aims to centralize pur chasing activities. 


decentralize decision- making, reduce the fleet 
to 149 planes from 166 and increase frequency 
of flights to important destinations, but with 
smaller planes. 

“You can’t just look at the 5,000 number, but 
rather consider it as an ensemble of measures 
designed to work together” a spokesman for 
Air France said in response to skeptics. 

“We’re not foDowing tbe Anglo-Saxon strat- 
egy for gertrog profit at any price,” be added. 
“Thk is a humanistic restructuring plan that 
respects the employees, because without them, 
there is nothing.” 

Apparently, the airline’s workforce felt the 
same way. Some 81 percent approved the pack- 
age, a “sea change in mentality,” one analyst 

See AIR FRANCE, Page 15 


Mediation Fails 
Before Starting 
In South Africa 

By Paul Taylor 

Washington Past Service 
JOHANNESBURG — Former Secretary 
of State Henry A. Kissinger and an interna- 
tional team of mediators left South Africa 
Thursday bandy 48 hours after they arrived, 
as the latest effort to resolve South Africa's 
decti on-related political crisis collapsed be- 
fore it began. 

Mr. Kissinger said tbe team never got to 
the point of holding talks because the disput- 
ing parties never agreed on whether a post- 
ponement of the April 26-28 date of the 
country's first multiracial election would be a 
subject of mediation. 

The South African government and the 
African National Congress insisted that the 
date was not up for mediation, a position Mr. 
Kissinger reaffirmed. 

The Inkatha Freedom Party said that if 
that was the case, there was no point in 
talking, ft has called! for a postponement so 
that it would have time to negotiate amend- 
ments to Smith Africa’s new constitution, 
and then to participate in an election it has so 
far chosen to boycott 
“I wish tbe parties all the best” Mr. Kissin- 
ger said, leaving behind a trail of finger- 
pointing about who was responsible for the 
misunders tanding that brought the mediators 
here in the first place, and dashed hopes 
within a country that is watching preelection 
violence escalate virtually every day. 

The heart of tbe constitutional dispute is 
the insistence of tbe Zulu-based Inkatha that 



/Agnctl 


South African soldiers preventing an ANC member from heading toward tbe Inkatha 
Freedom Patty’s area taring violence that erupted in Htokoza, east of Johannesburg. 


South Africa's first post-apartheid govern-, 
ment devolve more powers to regions. 

The Associated Press repaled from Johan- 
nesburg ■ 

The ANC leader Nelson Mandela and 
President Frederik W. de Klerk traded heated 
charges over racism, violence and corruption 
Thursday night in their first and only presi- 
dential debate. But they ended with pledges 


to work together to build a new and better 
South Africa. 

Extending his arm across the podium to 
Mr. de Klerk at the close of the debate seen 
on television around the world, Mr. Mandela 
said: “I am proud to hold your hand for us to 
go forward” 

Political analysts gave the debate mixed 
reviews, with no clear winner. 


Kiosk 


Magistrates Summon Berlusconi 

S3 „ i : Magistrates want 10 QUCSti 


TURIN (Reuters! — Silvio Berlusconi, 
expected to be Italy’s next prune 
has been summoned to testify in a cmrup- 
tion case involving one of his companies, 
judicial sources said oa Thursday. 


Magistrates want to question the busr- 
nessman-tnmed-potitician next week about 
all egati ons of graft in the construction of 
one of Europe’s largest shopping centers. 

Related article. Page 4 


Japan’s Hata Bet on Reformists and Now May Collect 




Newsstand Pricey 


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Antilles.....! L2QFF 

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Fronce....— 9-00 FF f^w™9fi0CFA 

Gabon 960 CFA cpainT....J0QP T A s 

Greece .300 Dr. Tunisia ....1.000 Dm 

Ivory Coast .1.120 CFA Turkey .-T.L. 15,000 

Jordan 1 J° U.A.E. D'rtj 

Lebanon ...USS ! JO U.S. Mil. <Eur.) 57.10 



Trib Index 




1% £ 

|p 3,663.25 I 

The Dollar 

Nmu Ymfc. Th urt- dosa 


Down 

0.44% 

110.81 




UrWlOIOdOBB 


DM 


1.71 


1.700 


Pound 


1.4773 


1.4759 


Yen 


104.27 


103.30 


FF 


5.8478 


5^475 


By T.R- Reid 

Was/u/gton Past Service 

TOKYO — A year ago, Tsutomu Hata literally gambled his 
career by joining forces with the nascent “reform” movement 
in Japanese politics. Now, Mr. Hata appears on the verge of 
winning his bet: He has emerged as the most likely choice to be 
Japan’s next prime minister. 

As an outspoken advocate of anti-corruption laws, deregula- 
tion and “genuine apologies" for Japanese broiality in World 
War n, Mr. Hata is committed to the same reform-centered 
ides as Morihiro Hosokawa, the man who stunned Japan 
si Friday by announcing his resignation as prime minister. 
Bat if Mr. Hata does land tbe lop job, he would presumably 
also inherit the rickety, fractious seven-party coalmon that 
helped bring tbe Hosokawa government to the point of stale- 
mate. Mr. Hata or any other leader would probably be stuck 
wiih this unwieldy coalition for six months or more, until a new 

general election can be called. . 

The coalition’s angry divisions have been evident during the 


negotiations, which have lasted for nearly a week. On Thurs- 
day, Masayoshi Takemura, leader of one erf tbe parties in the 
eovraning coalition, rejected a compromise to a dispute over 
defining government policy. “But we have not decided to leave 
the coalition,” said a spokesman for Sakigake, Mr. Takemura ’s 
party. Negotiations were to continue. 

Mr. Hata, meanwhile, in his current role as Japan's foreign 
minis ter, was in Morocco lo sign the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade and try to explain Japan’s murky political 
Scene to other leaders. 

Tbe 58-year-old Mr. Hata spent most of his political career 
in tbe Liberal Democratic Party, which controlled Japan for 
four decades. A year ago, he had become a key liberal 
Democratic heavywdghL 

Last April, party leaders offered him the No. 2 job in the 
government and a virtual guarantee that they would make him 
prime minister if be would stay with tbe Liberal Democrats. 

Mr. Hata anguished over the offer — then tamed it down. 

Instead, be became a leader of die “reform” movement and 


led a mutiny of Liberal Democrats fed up with the party’s long 
history of political corruption. 

It was a gamble, and it paid off. Mr. Hata formed a new 
party, the Shinseito, or Renaissance Party. He played a key role 
m the historicdection last July that finally damped the Liberal 
Democrats freon power. But then be lost out to Mr. Hosokawa 
when it came lime to pick a leader for the coalition government 
that replaced the Libera] Democrats. Mr. Hata was made 
deputy prime minis ter and foreign minister. 

From tbe moment the highly popular Mr. Hosokawa an- 
nounced his resignation, Mr. Hata has been considered a 
leading prospect to take over Japan's government But the 
course has not been clear. 

A key challenge came from a liberal Democratic titan. 
Michio Waiauabe, who has been an also-ran in previous 
struggles for prime minister. Now 70 and probably looking at 
his last chance, Mr. Watanabe agreed to leave his party and 

See HATA, Page 4 


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Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


In Moscow, the High Life Flowers at Gangland Funeral 


WORLD BRIEFS 



By Steven Erl anger 

New York Times Service 

MOSCOW — From the attic of the 
building that houses Kindergarten No. 
392, there is a clear line of fire to the 
parking lot of the Krasnopresnensky 
Baths, 200 yards away! 

At 5:45 PM, on April 3, Otari V, Kvan- 
trishvili, keeping to routine, left the red- 
brick bathhouse surrounded by body- 
guards. Sportsman, philanthropist, 
businessman, politician — loved and ad- 
mired by many for his support of war 
veterans, 'orphans and elderiy athletes — 
Mr. Kvarimshvili was also, as everyone 
seemed to know, a gangster, one of the 
most powerful bosses in Russia. 

At 46. he was a “thief in law," as the 
Russian phrase goes, a “Godfather," one of 
the untouchables .whom many Russians 
think are the country’s real leaders. 

But from the attic of the comer building, 
at 4/29 Stolyarny Lane, near Metro Sta- 
tion 1 905, someone fired three shots Tram a 
rifle with a telescopic sight and disap- 
peared. 

The funeral three days later confirmed 
everything and nothing about Mr. Kvao- 
trishvilfslife and activities, but it provided 
a vivid insight into the way business, crime, 
sports and politics have become inter- 
twined in the new Russia, where huge for- 
tunes are made through connections, vice 
and the sale of state property. 

Mr. Kvantrishvilfs death, with its cine- 
matic touches and abiding mysteries, has 
prompted an extraordinary outpouring 
from his many influential friends m a be- 
wildering variety of professions. 

The funeral last Friday, in one of Mos- 


cow’s most famous cemeteries, Vagankovs- of the revered poet and singer Vladimir 
koye. was packed with celebrities from Vysotsky, whose grave has becotne sotne- 


letes of Russia, which put him on television said to have been brought up byihe cahne 


more and more. 


entertainment, sports and politics — and 
with police, secret and otherwise, aiming 
videocameras. 


thing of a shrine, Jim Monison-style. 

The attack on Mr. Kvantrishvili is 


family that ran the area, and who led the 


among a number of mob-related killings 


IBs ties to Dynamo had given him entree brothers into gamb ling an d card-sharking, 
to many police and security officials; his He was both a wrestler of impressive 
charitable and political ties, said Yuri standing and a professional gamma ana 

_ * i i Imvamiv" Ira an 


trishvili coached for Dynamo, the club of 
the Moscow militia. 

There were also popular singers like Al- 
exander Rozenbaum and especially Iosif 
Kobzpn, a friend to everyone, high and 
low, and rumored to have mob connections 
dating from Soviet times. 

And in Moscow, a city where fancy 
Western cars are the choice of the new rich 
as well as gangsters, there were more fancy 
Western cars, said the newspaper Trad, 
“than in some European dues," and a 


goodly collection of triangular young men 
in suits and crew cuts, readily identifiable 
as muscle, with walkie-talkies. 

It was, in this period of wild capitalism 
and gangs terism, the closest anyone had 
ever seen to the marriage festival that 
opens “The Godfather" film saga. 


The television station 
played the musical theme 
to The Godfather 9 
under the photos of Mr. 
Kvantrishvilfs 
headstone, next to that of 
his elder brother, 
Amiran, assassinated last 
August. 


mlturaJ figures and men close to President He was jailed fo r gang rape m IJwam 

Baris N. Yeltsin. hospitalized for schizophrenia m iv/u. 

And it was Mr. Yeltsin who recently which may have been away out of jag, 
igned an order oving a closed joint-stock Butin the early 1980s he was wonting as 


signed an order giving a dosed joint-stock Butmtheeany lyeusnewas woramgas 
company called the Sports Academy, of a coach at Dynamo, 
which Mr. Kvantrishvili was a director, and gathering around himself wdi-koown 
freedom from both export and import tax- wrestlers, boxers ? ®! waght-ufters, some 
es&om 1993 through 1995. of whom moved mto crane. 


China to Fire on Smugglers at Sea 

BELTING (AP) — China said Thursday that its off-shore patrols will ; yr 
open fire on any shippers suspected of s mu g gli ng who refuse to let their. SZt* 

cargo be examined or liy to escape. - m 

The new policy, reported by the official China Daily, is likety to worsen 1 *. 

tensions in shipping lanes off China, where international my dme: 
authorities have reported a sharp increase in attacks on ships by Chinese; ; . : r 
security forces, ' . J 

The International Maritime Organization, a United Nations body, said: 
it received reports of 42 attacks in the South and East China Seas From ; ; 

May to December 1993. In some cases, ships were attacked wrthexplo.; i V\ . . 


According to Kommersant net 
the academy was the agent for bun 


of whom moved into crime. 

He directed a Fund for the Soda] Pro- 
tection of Athletes, named after a famous 


wring legi tima te cargoes in their zeal to crack down on srougglmg. r The; 
rhmra government has denied any wrongdoing and claimed the right to ; 
inspect ships not only in its waters, but in undefined “adjacent zones." ; -y 


avtoiuiiT won uiw oavut iwi uniiwiwj v - . * 

thousands of tons of cement, aluminum, soccer goahe, Lev Yasmn, wmie nc iocmc 
titanium fud ofl yyd various ores, drawn advantage of new freedoms to organize 


from state reserves for sale abroad. some of the first hard-currency casmos m 

And it was an import agent for consumer Moscow. 

down" variously to mob rivalries, failed 


Taiwan May Deploy Patriot Missiles 




down variously tomob rivaL^ 

organized and protected by minimal gangs. JSHL?, KSLw 


ieitionrfa^e^a^hisvisM^- 

Mr. Shcbekochikhin wrote in The Moscow or worried about fau ; proxmnty to power. 


And as usual in Moscow, there was the and his wife in their bed. 


killed a reputed 38-year-old mob leader Tunes, a security official pointed to Mr. ^_“They writeTm the mafias 


strong feetins that everyone involved had “There have been a lot of criminal bosses 

_ .. - . _ 3 ! un.j " ?-■«— 


seen the movie and was copying the way killed lately," especially from the Caucu- 
Hdlywood thought gangsters ought to act. sus, said Alexander Minkin, a crime re- 


SuSn iSt-Kbo* know Mr. KvantrisM tdd a Moscow rnffitia 
who Otari really is. But there is not a dnef m a taped convention leaked to 

* . mm Xp nmPAMnVbmM DrOiuftt “I* m*0 UlqHimrP 


enter for Russian television, as he porter with Moskovsky Komsomolets. 
covered the funeral and discussed reports “But no death has stirred such a commo- 
thaf Mr. Kvantrishvili was a criminal boss, lion" as Mr. KvantiishviIT&. 
said that “we don’t know for sure." Perhaps it was because Mr. Kvantrishvili 


reception or a 
meet him, an 
pie." 


tation where I do not Kcpsomolskaya Pravda. “It was Vladimir 
landed bv such peo- Ilyich Lenin who was the real organizer of 
the mafia and who set up the criminal state. 


TAIPEI (Reuters) — Taiwan wiD deploy 200 U.S. Patriot missiles as! 
part of a program to upgrade its air defenses, the United Daily News said- 
on Thursday. Three batteries of Patriot missiles, Hke those used in ihe’ 
Gulf War against Iraqi Scud missiles, will be installed in. northern - 
Taiwan, the newspaper quoted unnamed sources as saying. 

The newspaper did not say when the missies would be deployed or-) 
when they might be delivered. The Defense Ministry declined to com-; 
meat. 

The defense budget for the year to June 1993 included a. 5118 million- 
allocation for the purchase of an unspecified number of modified air; 
defense systems, which l egislato rs say are Patriot missies. 


And then he himself was pulled into a I'm realty an honest man," he went on. “I 
warm embrace by Mr. Kvantrishvili, who could have emigrated long ago, bat I love 


once tdd Mr. Sbdiekodukhin: “Sure, it’s this country, fd rather die than emigrate. 


Researchers Warn on Mammograms 


tfin.s Jc- 


But the statioa played the musical theme was moving from criminality into more 
to “The Godfather" under the photographs visible forms of activity. He was a public 


all true. Bat my children will be honest" 
Mr. Kvantrishvili was bora in Zestafoni, 


Mr. Rozenbaum said: “The country has 
loss — and Fm not afraid of this word — a 


of Mr. KvantrishvflTs headstone, which is patron of the arts and sports, gave large 
next to that of his elder brother. Amiran, sums to orphanages and Afghan war veter- 


Georgia, but grew up in central Moscow, in leada-.” But green the tak of articte in 


the same Krasnopresnensky district in Russian, h was not dear if he meant Rus- 


assassiaated iasiAugust raddosetoihat ^aadJ&a potit&parly, Ath- which he died. He^ and his brother were sia’s real leader, or only one of them. 




■ .. ’V 



fl|S 




Ukraine May Seize 
Bases , Russia Says 


LONDON (Reuters) —Mammograms could cause so much trauma to) 
women’s breasts that they rupture tiny cancers, allowing them to spread,! 
Canadian researchers reported. Mammography involves squeezing the' 
breast tightly into X-ray equipment so that it can be scanned. 

In a letter to the Lancet medical journal, the researchers linked findings i 
by several earlier studies and asked whether mammograms, widely 1 
regarded as a good way to detect breast cancer early, might not be too) 


“Compression during mammography can rupture cysts, and dissemi- 
nation of cancer cdls as a result of compression might occur,” the) 
researchers, headed by JP. van Netten of the Royal Jubilee Hospital in! 
Victoria, British Columbia, wrote. They cited earlier studies that found 
trauma to the breast could cause small cancer cells to spread. 












Compiled by Oar Stag From Dispatches 

ST. PETERSBURG — Russia 
has placed three Black Sea naval 
bases on full combat alert out of 
fear that Ukraine might try to seize 
them, a Russian admiral said 
Thursday. 

Admiral Igor Kasatonov, deputy 
commander of the Russian Navy, 
alleged that Ukraine planned to 
take over the Russian-controlled 
bases at Izmail. Ochakov and Ni- 
kolayev and had chosen new com- 
manders for them. 

“Our ships there have also been 
pat on combat alert," Admiral Ka- 
satonov, a former commander of 
the Black Sea Fleet, said here. 

A spokesman for Russia's Black 
Sea Fleet said a large vessel was 
sent to the Ukraine port of Odessa 
bat later turned back to base. 




m An Sariv'Tbc Avoculcd Ppcs> 

Prime Minster Amfreas Papandreou waving to delegates at the congress of MsFanhefleiBc Socialist Movement in Athens on Thursday. 


Greece Strips Ex-King of Gtizenship 


Carqnhi by Ow Staff From Dispatches 

ATHENS — The parliament voted Thursday 
to strip former King Constantine and his family 
of their Greek citizenship and to seize their 
property. 

The bill was approved by the ruling Paohel- 
lemc Socialist Movement and the Communists. 
Members of the conservative New Democracy 
Party walked out late on Wednesday before the 
debate began, saying the biD violated the con- 
stitution. 

The New Democracy leader, Miltiadis Evert, 
has accused the government of Andreas Papan- 
dreou erf pushing tfae bill to “distract" public 
opinion from the country’s political and eco- 
nomic problems. 

The bill put forward two weeks ago by Fi- 
nance Minister Alexander Papadopoulos said 
the passports of Constantine, his wife, Anne- 
Marie, and their five children are “invalid." 

The. bill also allows for the former king’s 
property to be taken over by the state. Tatoi 
palace north of Athens and the Polydendri 
estate near Larissa in central Greece will go to 


the Ministry of Agriculture. Most other royal 
property was taken over by the state earlier to 
cover unpaid taxes. 

The former king’s summer residence on the 
island of Corfu in the Ionian Sea will be taken 
over by the Corfu mumripaKty. 

Mr. Papandreou said earlier that Constan- 
tine might be given a passport “in the future” if 
he clearly recognized the 1975 constitution and 
the presidential and parliamentary regime. 

A government spokesman said the former 
king had to make “a dear unambiguous state- 
ment” recognizing the validity of the referen- 
dum of December 1974 doing away with the 
monarchy. 

Constantine said on Tuesday in London, 
where be lives, that he would “fight to retain 
Greek nationality by eveiy lawful means at 
both the international and domestic level.” 

He said, “Depriving people of their citizen- 
ship has always been one of the first measures 
taken by every totalitarian regime against its 
opponents.” 

Constantine has lived in exile since Decem- 


ber 1967. Bora June 2, 1940, he succeeded to 
the throne in March 1964 on the death of his 
father. King PauL He lacks popularity in 
Greece as many people blame him for not 
standing up to the colonels who staged a mili- 
tary coop in April 1967. 


The spokesman, Andrei Gra- 
chev, said the troop-carrying ship 
was returning to Sevastopol after 
the Ukrainian defence minister, Vi- 
tali Radetski, said be would bar it 
entry to most Uk rainian ports, in- 
cluding Odessa. 

The incidents reflect the high 
level of tension between Russia and 
Ukraine — both or which have nu- 
clear weapons — since the two for- 
mer Soviet republics bickered last 
weekend over a naval base and ra- 
dar equipment in Odessa. 

President Boris N. Yeltsin and 
his Ukraine counterpart, Leonid 
M. Kravchuk, are expected to try to 


defuse the conflict and divide the 
Black Sea Fleet at a meeting of the 
12-nation Commonwealth of Inde- 
pendent States on Friday in Mos- 
cow. 

Russia accused Ukrainian spe- 
cial forces of st o rmi ng the Odessa 
naval base last Sunday, beating ci- 
vilians and arresting three officers 
in the most serious clash yet be- 
tween the two countries. 

On Thursday, Russian com- 
manders said Ukraine had seized 
three ships in Odessa this week and 
was forcing sailors to take an oath 
of allegiance to Kiev. Eighteen offi- 
cers who refused to take the oath 
were expelled from Odessa togeth- 
er with their familie s and belong- 
ings mi Wednesday, Itar-Tass re- 
ported. 

Ukraine denied mting any vio- 
lence over the weekend and ac- 
cused Rnsaa of trying to steal navi- 
gational radar equipment from 
Odessa. 

Rnsaa and Ukraine have jointly 
owned the fleet of 440 ships since 
the Soviet Union collapsed in 199 1 . 

Also on Thursday, Yuri Mesh- 
kov, president of Ukraine's autono- 
mous Crimean region, accused au- 
thorities in Kiev of trying to crush 
Crimea’s independence movement 

The events m Odessa were staged 
to prepare for the introduction of 
direct Ukrainian presidential rule 
in the Crimea, Au 1 . Meshkov was 
reported as saying by Itar-Tass. 

(AP, Reuters) 


Albania Eases Chaise Against Greece 

TIRANA, Albania (AP) — President Sali Berishahas eased away from 
allegations that the Greek government was responsible for a commando 1 
raid on an Albanian military post, the state news agency ATA said 
Thursday. 

In a statement reviewing a string of Albanian claims against Greet?.)- 
Mr. Berisha conceded that the government in Athens “might not be; 
directly responsible for the intideaL" He also indicated he might be ; 


reply from the Greek government for. this grave terroristic : 


The dispute erupted after Albania said six or seven commandos in 
Greek uniforms aossed the Alb anian border and attacked a base, ItiHing 
two soldi era. The Greek government has denied involvement. 




TRAVEL UPDATE 




From the moment he became king, Constan- 
tine found himself in conflict with the centrist 
leader George Papandreou, father of the cur- 
rent prune minister. The current president, 
Co nst an tine Karamanlis, spent some years in 
exQe because of a dispute with the monarchy. 

Eight months into the colonels' dictatorship, 
Constantine attempted to throw them out, ac- 
cording to Mr. Karamanlis. The plot backfired 


Kiev Faces an Impasse 
After Divided Election 


New York Tunes Service 


and the king went into exile, first to Rome, until 
1973, and then to London. 


Throughout bis years in exile, Constantine 
has stressed his wish to return to Greece. His 
derision to visit Greece for a vacation last 
summer led to a government outcry and several 
incidents. 

(AFP, Reuters) 


UN Gets Pledges for Ready Supply of Peacekeepers 


By Eric Schmitt 

New York Tunes Service 


WASHINGTON — More than 
15 countries have pledged more 
than 54,000 troops and other spe- 
cialists toward the creation of a UN 
inventory or peacekeepers and 
equipment for future operations, 
according to a United Nations offi- 
cial. 


The United Slates is not among 
the 15, but the official, Colonel 


Girard Gambiez of France, said 
the Clinton administration was 
considering his request for trans- 
port planes and ships, communica- 
tions equipment, medical assis- 
tance and map reproduction. 

Currently, each time the Security 
Council authorizes a new peace- 
keeping operation, UN officials 
must go hat-in-hand to countries 
for troops, equipment and services, 
a process that can take months. The 
new plan would allow UN officials 


- to quickly deploy forces designated 
by their governments for peace- 


keeping missions. 
The plan applie 


The plan applies only to classic 
peacek eeping operations, such as 
those in Macedonia and Cambo- 
dia, in which troops monitor an 
agreement with the consensus of all 
parties on the ground. 

It would not cover operations 
like those in Somalia and Bosnia, in 
winch troops are permitted to use 
military might to enforce the peace. 


J 6 amy.’ 4 $kvL 


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ask the buder... 


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And countries can place restric- 
tions cm how and when their forces 
are used. 

Colonel Gambiez was named by 
Secretary-General Butros Butros 
Ghali in January 1993 to head a 
team to broker agreements with 
many of the UN’s 184 member na- 
tions on troops and equipment that 
could be used by the UN in its 
peacekeeping efforts. 

Colonel Gambiez declined to 
identify the countries that have 
promised to said troops, equip- 
ment or supplies, but said the num- 
ber had increased beyond 15 since 
a status report on the effort was 
released cm March 28. 

The UN goal is the commitment 
.of 100,000 troops and other spe- 
cialists, ranging from infantry sol- 
diers to logistic experts to doctors 


to police officers, who could be 
deployed on short notice 


KIEV — Ukraine’s first post- 
Soviet elections have produced a 
parliament deeply divided between 
Moscow-leaning leftists, Western- 
oriented nationalists and indepen- 
dents. 

The result wiD most likely be 
legislative deadlock on reforming 
the country's economy and reach- 
ing a national consensus on region- 
al and ideological differences. 

“It's a very unfortunate out- 
come,” said Nikolai L Mikha il- 
cfaenko, the chief presidential ad- 
viser on domestic affairs. “Not 
only will parliament be polarized 
between the left and right, but it 
mil be difficult to direct, with one 
side trying to go backward and the 
other side trying to move ahead 
with reforms." 

Communists and their allies, 
mostly from Ukraine’s east, have 
emerged as the single largest bloc, 
with 1 14 of the 339 seats decided in 
voting on Sunday. Their strength is 
expected to increase as like-minded 
independents join them. 

The remaining 111 contests 
failed to produce the qualifying 
number of votes and new elections 
must be scheduled. According to 
Ukrainian law, none of the current 
group of candidates may run in 
them. 

Observers from the United Na- 
tions and the Conference on Secu- 
rity and Cooperation in Europe 
have raised senous concerns on the 
fairness of the elections. 


They cited pressuring of rural 
voters, a politicized, poorly func- 
tioning central electoral commis- 
sion and instances where access to 
polling stations was denied to for- 
eign observers. 


Centrist parties did poorly. The 
Interregional Bloc of Reforms of 
former Prime Minister Leonid D. 
Kuchma, who hoped to bridge the 
chasm between the pro-reform 
west and the pro-Russian east, won 
only four seats. 


The Western-based mainstream 
nationalists, who are staunch sup- 
porters of maintaining Ukr ainian 
independence from Russia but are 
inclined toward market reforms, 
have won 41 seats. Many of them 
ran as independents ana are ex- 
pected to form of abloc erf 60 to 70 


Restored Bridge Opens in Lucerne 

LUCERNE, Switzerland (Reuters)— The 14th century KapeQbrucke, ! 
or Chapel Bridge, a Lucerne landmark and the oldest wooden bridge in' 
Europe, reopened on Thursday amid official celebrations — wfth-arag-) 
ons, inarching bands and horn blowers — eight months after a. blaze; 
destroyed almost 80 percent of the treasured monument 
Although the covered bridge shows striking contrasts between new.) 
pale wood and weathered old timber, most of the evidence of the fire wip: 
gradually vanish over the years. Of the 1 1 1 original paintings dating from ; 
1611, wmch adorned the bridge’s walkway, 78 were^ tast-The city plans to! 
rehang the surviving p amtings^jetflbey are restored inAcouple of years, i 
The bill for rebuflaing the bridge and restoring its paintings is estimate 
ed at 3.1 million Swiss francs ($2.1 million). Insurance, donations and, 
revenue from a postage stamp wfll cover some 23 million francs, leaving; 
the city to find the rest The cause of the blaze remains a mystery. | 
Passenger train service between Johannesburg and Maputo will resume- 
Sunday after a 10-year break, the South African railway company | 
Spoornet said Thursday. The service wfll run three times a week from. 
Johannesburg to the capital of Mozambique and back via Pretoria and; 
Komatipoort, officials said. (AFP)] 

Officials of Copenhagen's Tivofi Gardens said on Thursday they -, 
planned to build an amusement park project in Perm, in eastern Russia,! 
but refused to give details of the size of investment involved or wbeu> 
building might begin. Other Tivoli projects are scheduled for Kurashflti, : 
Japan; DOsseldorf, Germany, and a Hans Christian Andersen theme; 
park in Odense, Denmark, the author’s birthplace: (Reuters)- 

A safety swrey of pilot traming, qualifications, maintenance and; 
inspection of commuter airlines is planned by the U.S. National Trans-i 
portation Safety Board. It has no enforcement powers but makes recom-' 
mendations to the Federal Aviation A dminis tration. (AP) 

A $7-bflHoe program to modernize the U.S. air traffic control systeifi 
may be canceled because of lengthy delays and a projected $2.7-6illioh 
cost overran, the head of the Federal Aviation Administration has told 
Congress. fMT) 

There wffl be no first-dess seats aboard Cathay Pacific Airways' new. 
fleet of Boeing 777s. They have been ordered in a two-class configoratiof 
business and economy, the carrier said. (Reuters) 

A San Diego non, Murray CaQan, 69, became the latest casualty of 
crime against tourists in the UJS. Virgin Islands on Sunday when he was 
fatally shot by a mugger in St Thomas. (NYT^ 


?! i" \ 


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f - ; 


'itamin 
fet a Flu 


Fees Keep Airlines Away 
From New Osaka Airport 


The likely legislative stalemate is 
compounded by uncertainty in the 
executive branch. President Leonid 
M. Kravchuk has lost half his gov- 
ernment including Ins prime min- 
ister, who under Ukrainian law 
most forsake their ministerial posts 
after winning parliamentary seats. 
A new government will be delayed 
at least until May, when the new 
parliament meets for the fust time. 


Agenee Fnmce-Presse 


TOKYO — Because airlines are balking at the high fees the - 
Japanese plan to charge, the new Kansai international airport near 
Osaka wffl handle only half the number of planned flights when it - 
opais m September, its president said Thursday. 

^ iand «*cb week on the new runways of ' 
toe mrport. although toe goal is at least 630, Tsunefaara Hatton said - 
ni toe Yomran daily. The figure does not include U.S. camera with 1 
whom negotiations are continuing Mr Hattm 


The unpopular Mr. Kravchuk is 
also preoccupied with trying to de- 
lay presidential elections, now 
scheduled for June 26, and estab- 
lishing a strong presidential repub- 
lic 


.—i «« yaj wuai me COHSJOe7e{3 tO DC ■> 

raormous airport fees. The airport, built on an artificial island and 

toe firstto be operational 24 hoars a day, is scheduled to open SepL „ 

5°"’ chargin * 59 * 525 to land a Boeing 747-400, 
S ? 8 J ° a Passenger loading ramp. Landing ^ 

fees are 0 perceni higher than at Narita airport near Tokyo 
currently toe world s most expensive y ' 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


Page 3 


THEAMERICAS/ backdoor war 




THE POOR? 


*POUTT( \T \QTES+ 


Cos ts of Cooper Health Plan Disputed 

GTON — A pre limin ary analysis hv thp Pnnoiwsa 


■ 


«■ !«£££ wlb. c S^T5 

ca i culitted i according io knowledgeable sources. 
leeSslarS^L^!. ^S^ssiona} agency that estimates the cost of 
“°w '? propon^u of Mr. Cooper's 


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about 25 million people could remain uninsured 
m .aw under his plan, sources said. (WP) 

; ^Womla Desert Gets Senate Protection 

«f — The Senate, breaking a long deadlock mi one 

1. “ “j nK ^ 1 wopcrtani and contentious conservation issues of the 
^st decade, has approved legislation that would give wilderness 

■ P^™p on to almost one-third of California’s vast desert lands, 

■ mduding the East Mojave desert. 

u approved by the House, which three years ago approved similar 
*^ latlon and is to begin work soon on its latest version, the 
measure would create the largest wilderness area ever designated by 
uragress m the lower 48 states: 7.75 million acres (3.13 hectares). 
The Senate vote was 69 to 29. (WP) 

Fisher Wing Democratic Runoff In Texas 

, HOU STON — Richard W. Fisher, a wealthy Dallas investor and 
v? ner . a£ * v * ser to Ros s Perot who has never held public office, 
defeated a 21-year veteran of Texas politics to capture the Demo- 
cratic nomination for a seat in the U.S. Senate. 

Mr. Fisher, 45, defeated Jim Mattox, a former congressman and 
state attorney general, in a bitter runoff fight. Mr. Fisher will face 
Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison, a Republican, in November. (NIT) 

h Quote / Unquote 

Garrison KeiQor, 51, the humorist: “My generation seems to be 
■- terribly self-absorbed. It seems to me we've produced a lot of dismal 
poetry and a lot of third-rate ideas, f listen to people my age in 
grocery stores discussing the merits of balsamic vinegars, arguin g 
about olive oils, debating the virtues of cold-pressed olive oil as 
. opposed to triple-pressed, experienced dive oil; people who may 
very well subscribe to Olive CHI Magazine; people whom I think we 
could refer to as Yuppie swine; people who have too much money 
and not enough character; people who are all nostalgia and not 
enough history. To me, Whitewater is their scandaL It is their kind of 
scandaL It is all about perception and if s all superfid aL People in 
r my generation are so quick to be disillusioned about politics. How 
convenient for them!" (Af) 



Ijcj Aikina/Thc t 


■ RACK TO THE BEACHES —The Jeremiah O’Brien, once 
‘ part of the D-Day armada of June 6, 19*4. ft was to sail from 
"San Francisco for 50tb anniversary celebrations in Ewope. 


Vitamin Advocates 
Get a Rude Shock 


New Vw* Times Service 

’ NEW YORK — “It’s a whole 
new ball game,’’ said a prominent 
professor of medicine after a large 
and carefully designed study to see 
If vitamins can protect against can- 
(xr and heart disease found no evi- 
dence of any benefit and even some 
hints of actual harm. 

’ Dr. Charles Hennekens, a pro- 
fessor of medicine at the Brigham 
and Women’s Hospital in Boston 
added that “the results are surpris- 
ing and unexpected." And, he said, 
{‘when something is unexpected, 
that means you shouldn’t discount 
ft" 

; With the new results. Dr. Henne- 
Wn<; said, people can no longer say 
that they might as well take vita- 
mins because they cannot hurt and 
might help. 

* Dr. Peter Greenwald, who di- 
rects chemical prevention research 
&t the National Cancer Institute, 
said: “We can't assume anymore 
that vitamins won't hurt and mat u 
you ta ke them in large doses in the 
hopes of preventing cancer orheart 
disease that it's totally safe. Tnere s 
a question there now, I think it 
suggests caution in moving toward 
health claims." 

The finding is surprising, be- 
cause it fafls to confirm many 
$r studies suggesting a benefit from 

ft is possible a benefit may emerge 
as the study continues, audtheysav 
the advice to eat a lot of fresh trim 
and vegetables still stands, since 

be benefit seen in ** h *J™*!* g 
may have come from s0 ™ ctft1 ?® 
other than the vitamins. But the 

experts acknowledge ** to case 

(orvitamin supplements should be 
seal as unproved for now. 

■ The study, published Thursday , 
m the New England Jouroal of 
Medicine and sponsored by the 
National Cancer Jnsotuie m Be- 
thesda, Maryland, and the Nation- 
al Public Health Institute m Fu1 ; 
fend, was designed to show u 
vitamins A and E reduce the inci- 
dence of heart disease and lung and 
other cancers. 


Welfare Experiments: A Permanent Hole in Safety Net? 


By Jason Deparle 

New York Times Savin 

WASHINGTON — California is fingerprinting 
people on welfare. Massachusetts wants to enroll than 
m a work program within two months. New Hamp- 
shire wants to straighten their teeth, on the theory that 
better looks lead to better jobs. 

With a record 15 million Americans on welfare, 
more than 30 states have asked the federal government 
forpermission to run welfare experiments. 

Tbe requests have prompted an unusual debate: Do 
the programs represent responsible social science or a 
backdoor war on the poor? 

The states say the experiments allow them to act, in 
Justice Louis D. Brandeas’s famous phrase, as “labora- 
tories of democracy." 

They say tbe various programs, which are being 
evaluated by teams of social scientists, may yield 
important new information aboot ways to reduce 
welfare dependency. 

But opponents have sued to stop the experiments in 
California and New Jersey and they are threatening to 
do the same in Wisconsin and several other states. 

They say that the some of the programs violate laws 
governing experiments on humans and, by reducing 
aid, the programs subvert the fundamental purpose of 
the welfare system: to provide a safety net for poor 
children. 

The proposals place the Clinton administration in a 
politically awkward posture. Several requests have 
alarmed officials at ute Department of Health and 
Human Soviets, who fear some of the experiments 
could leave poor families with no support. 

But as a former governor who long argued tor 
flexibility in federal programs. Mr. Clinton has vowed 
to approve experiments, even when he disagrees with 
them. 

And with the public clamoring for changes in (he 
wdf are system, the administration does not want to be 
accused of standing in the way. 

“We try to focus completely on the policy, but we 


are not unaware of the political consequences." said 
Mary Jo Bane, an assistant secretary of health and 
human services, who presides over tbe waivers. 

“It’s a balancing act, hut I’m quite confident that 
we’ve achieved a good balance." 

Mark Greenberg, an attorney who works for tbe 
Center for Law and Soda! Policy, a Washington 
advocacy group, estimates that the experiments al- 
ready in place affect about a third of the nation's 
welfare recipients. 

They vary widely, and many of them have generated 
no objections. New York and at least 13 other states, 

'We try to focus completely 
on the policy, but we are not 
unaware of the political 
consequences.’ 

Mary Jo Bane, who preside* over state 
requests for welfare experiments 


for instance, are allowing welfare recipients to earn 
more money without losing benefits, to encourage 
them to work. 

But other states are trying strategies that reduce, or 
even end, cash assistance in some circumstances. 
Maryland, fra instance, is reducing the payments to 
mothers who fafi to get their children immunized. 
Ohio and Wisconsin are reducing payments to families 
whose children skip schooL 

Arkansas, Georgia and New Jersey won approval to 
eliminate increased payments to motfaerc who have 
additional children. Florida and Wisconsin are experi- 
menting with different versions of a two-year limit on 
cash payments. 


And California has reduced benefits for all recipi- 
ents, calling the move an experiment that will prompL 
more people to work 

Critics argue that behind tbe talk of experiments, 
states are dismantling a system set up to protect poor 
children. 

“It has become a backdoor way of a state to enact 
any policy it wants, regardless of tbe potential harm to 
families," Mr. Greenberg said. 

A previous generation of welfare experiments, be- 
gun m the early 1980s, produced valuable research 
about job training and led to adoption of a nationwide 
program. But current proposals are more radical. 

They began with President George Bush, who, fac- 
ing a re-election campaign with virtually no welfare 
policy, found one through waivers. He pledged in his 
1992 State of the Union speech to make the waiver 
process “easier and quicker," and approved a flurry of 
experiments, including one that a federal court taler 
found unlawfuL 

That waiver gave Califo rnia permission to offer 
reduced benefits to welfare recipients who move in 
from other states. A federal court blocked the move, 
citing precedents that barred such residency 
requirements. t . 

in defending the Clinton policy to give the states 
great leeway, Ms. Bane emphasized that she would not 
grant waivers for experiments she considered uncon- 
stitutional She barred, for instance, an Illinois pro- 
posal that would have lowered benefits to new state 
residents. 

She also negotiated with Florida and Wisconsin to 
modify experiments placing a two-year limit on cash 
assistance. 

Florida, for instance, initially proposed a two-con n- 
ty experiment that would have simply ended cash 
assistance after two years, with no guarantee that 
recipients could find work. 

“There might not have been anything for people. 


even if they worked hard and followed the rules," Ms. 
Bane said. 

Instead, she persuaded state officials to guarantee a 
job Jor all the welfare recipients affected by tbe two- 
year limit. Tim Towey, the state's secretary of health 
and rehabilitative services, credits MS. Bane for devis- 
ing' a program with better safeguards. '■ ./ 

“We are very happy campers," Mr. Towey said. 
“They took our raw malarial and polished iLand they 
did it with amazing speed.” ' ; l 

Ms. Bane reached a different accommodation with 
Wisconsin. Participants in tbe two-county experiment 

Critics argue that behind the. 
talk of experiments, states are 
dismantling a system set np to 
protect poor children. 

there will not be guaranteed a job when (heir two years 
end, even if they cannot find one on their own. 

But Ms. Bane did insist on a clause that gives the 
federal government permission to suspend the entire 
experiment if the local economy is too weak. 

Advocates have called that scant protection, saying 
many welfare recipients cannot find jobs even when 
the labor market is good. But while she dearly does 
not relish the Wisconsin idea, Ms. Bane defends her 
solution, “fm actually pretty proud of our record over 
the last six months," she said. 

The Busb_ administration approved the fingerprint 
plan in California. The Clinton administration has 
still not ruled on the two-month limi t in Massachu- 
setts, or the dental plan in New Hampshire. 

It has, however, continued a Bush waiver that gave 
California permission to cut benefits to $607 a month 
for a family of three, from S633. 


Terrorism or Not , U.S . Economizes 
By Fingerprinting Far Fewer Aliens 


By Roberto Suro 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Despite ad- 
ministration pledges to crack down 
on criminals and terrorists slipping 
into the country as immigrants, the 
federal government has stopped 
r unning routine fingerprint checks 
on alwms a procedure that has 
blocked thousands of people a year 
from entering the United Stales be- 
cause of their c riminal records. 

In a policy change effective April 
1, the Immigration and Naturahza- 
tion Service now w 31 send only a 
handful of fingerprints from pro- 
spective immigr ants to the FBI for 
a criminal record check and only in 
exceptional cases. 

Applicants for a wide range of 
immigration benefits including citi- 
zenship, permanent residence and 


political asylum will continue to 
submit fingerprints to tbe immigra- 
tion service. 

An internal memorandum sent 
from immigration service head- 
quarters here to offices around the 
world states that although the 
agency “is taking tins action reluc- 
tantly, it is necessary due to tbe 
current budget situation.” 

Richard Kenney, an immigra- 
tion service spokesman, said the 
agency hopes to save S3 million 
during the remaining six months of 
the current fiscal year by drastical- 
ly reducing what he termed “an 
expensive, labor-intensive pro- 
cess." 

In 1993 nearly 890,000 sets of 
prints were sent to the FBI for 
criminal record check, and fewer 
than 1 percent of them resulted in a 
rejection of the application. Mr. 
Kenney said. That amounts to 


Its subjects were 29,000 Finnish 
men aged 50 and up, all of them 
long-term smokers. 

One group took vitamin E alone, 
one took beta-carotene, which the 
body converts to vitamin A; a third 
group took both vitamins and a 
fourth a dummy pffi, or placebo. 
But after five to eight years, the 
investigators reported, they, could 
find no evidence that the supple- 
ments had helped. 

Instead, they saw a confusing 
pattern of mostly adverse effects. 

The men in the vitamin A group 
were somewhat more likely to die 
fm w hmg cancer and heart disease. 
The vitamin E group suffered ' 
slightly more strokes from bleeding 
in the brain and slightly less pros- 
tate cancer, bat both effects could 
be due to chance, the researchers 
said. 

Public health experts expressed 
surprise at the new results. For 
years, they have been garnering in- 
direct evidence that certain vita- 
mins, particularly vitamins A E 
and C, might protect against cancer 
and heart disease. 




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• A Roman Crthofic priest pleaded guilty to baying cocaine but denied 
through his lawyer that he paid for the drugs with church money. 
Monsignor Stanley RopdskL 62, of Lackawanna, New York, is to be 
sentenced on July 13. Prosecutors agreed to recommend probation. 

• Tbe last tiling society needs is a bond! of nmsdebound ex-convicts, say 
Milwaukee officials who want to ban weightlifting in jafl. “I don't think 
government should beta the business of making criminals more stronger, 
bigger — and then releasing them into society, said County Supervisor 
T. Anthony ZirifrukL 4 think they’re in there to be tangb t a lesson." His 
proposal to ban inmate access to weightlifting equipment at the county 
prison was passed by the County Board last month, but the county 
executive has not said whether he will enforce the measure. 

• As part of its first membership drive, the library of Congress will 
publish a bimonthl y magazine called CivQizafiou. It will draw on tbe 14 
mini on documents, pictures, movies, music compositions, manuscripts, 
books, newspapers and magazines in tbe library’s collection. 

• Another suspect has bear arrested connection with tbe sm ug gl in g of 
illega l Chinese i mmig r a nts aboard the Golden Venture, a freighter that 
ran aground off New York last year. Prosecutors said the suspect, Weng 
Yuhm, was in charge of shore- to-ship radio communications, and de- 
scribed him as the highest-ranking suspect taken into custody so far. Ten 
passengers died trying to swim ashore after tbe ship ran aground. 

• Gun-control advocates bailed a California state senator's victory in a 
bitter recall election as a major setback for the National Rifle Associa- 
tion. The association h«H sought to recall David Roberti. a Los -Angeles 
Democrat who was the author of a 1989 bin that bans assault weapons. 
He received 59 percent Of tbe vote. 

AP. LAT. HY7 


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- Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


Legislative Leadership Choices Signal Shift in Italy 


The Associated Pros 

ROME -“The new leaders of the 
Senate and Chamber of Deputies 
were nominated Thursday as part 
of a political accord that is expect- 
ed to make the media executive 
SQvio Berlusconi prime minister. 

The nominations must be ap- 
proved when parliament convenes 
Friday. 

But party leaders said a majority 
in the new parliament backs the 
(dunces: Irene Pivetti, 31, a deputy 
from the autonomy-minded North- 
ern League, for Chamber speaker, 


and Carlo Scognamidio, 49, a for- 
mer tdecommunicauons executive 
from the Liberal Party, for Senate 
president. 

The selections mark a significant 
break from the power-sharing tra- 
dition of giving the speaker's seat 
to the Co mmunis t Party while the 
Christian Democrats and its cen- 
trist allies ran the government. 

The elections last month swept 
away the scandal-battered power 
structure. The winners —a conser- 
vative coalition led Mr. Bolus- 
corn’s Fotza Italia movement — 


have made it dear they will daim 
the top posts for themselves. 

The leadership choices were an- 
nounced by spokesmen from Foiza 
Italia’s two main election allies, the 
Northern League and the National 
Alliance. 

Mr. Berlusconi, who has 
emerged as the leading candidate 
fo prime minister, met Wednesday 
with President Oscar Luigi Scal- 
faro. The president’s office gave no 
details of the talks, but it is Mr. 
Scalfaro who will name the person 
to head Italy's next government 


Miss Pivetti, a journalist was the 
main liaison between the Northern 
League and die Roman Catholic 
Church. Mr. Scognamigho is a for- 
mer professor and served as coun- 
selor for various ministries. 

The current prime minister. Car- 
!o Ciampi, said his government will 
resign as soon as officers of the new 
parliament are elected. 

Mr. GampTs government is ex- 
pected to be asked to stay on as a 
caretaker until a new government is 
formed. 


GATT: After the Treaty, Plenty of Unresolved Trade Problems Remain 


Condoned from Page.l 

contentious issue of liberalizing markets in fi- 
nancial services. 

Another big-ticket market that will soon be 
discussed again is that for basic telecommuni- 
cations services. Many governments are reluc- 
tant to open up their telephone monopolies to 
competition. 

The maritime sector, and in particular ship- 
ping, will also soon be the subject of multilater- 
al talk* 

The free movement or unskill ed workers, also 
left out of last December's Uruguay Round 
deal, is similarly on the agenda over the next 
few months. This is of special interest to coun- 
tries like India, which has a large migrant work- 
er population. 

In the coming months, as a preparatory com- 
mittee gets down to work on the World Trade 
Organization, more outspoken disagreements 
can be expected between industrialized coun- 
tries and low-wage emer ging economies such as 
Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia on the still 
controversial matter of linking workers' rights 
and trade. 

Mr. Yerxa said this issue is “not motivated 
by protectionism but by a genuine belief that it 
needs to be addressed m order to have a credi- 
ble world trading system." 

Baikrishan 7jiisbi is India's ambassador to 


GATT and a de facto spokesman for develop- 
ing countries who fear that the West will try to 
use issues as labor standards or environ- 
mental concerns as an excuse for protectionist 
measures. He railed against their inclusion in 
the work of the WorldTrade Organization. “I 
am sure the hearts or most Americans are not 
bleeding for workers in developing countries," 
he said m an interview. 

Meanwhile, much of the real business being 
done here this week involved the world's trade 
heavyweights — the United Stales, the Europe- 
an Union and Japan. 

Sir Leon Britten and Mickey Kantor, the 
U.S. trade representative, wrapped up a deal 
Wednesday on government procurement that 
offers SI 00 billion of annual bidding opportu- 
nities. But the two could not agree on another 
SI 00 billion worth of European telecommuni- 
cations and U.S. federal giant program busi- 
ness. 

Tsutomu Hata, the Japanese foreign minis- 
ter, who may soon become the next prime 
minister, met with Vice President A1 Gore and 
Mr. Kantor here for talks that both sides said 
were unlikely to break the stalemate over Amer- 
ican demands that Tokyo further open its mar- 
kets. Mr. Hata also met Sir Leon, who is press- 
ing Europe's own case and who will travel to 
Japan on April 22 for more talks. 


Both Sir Leon and Mr. Kantor have been 
meeting here with their wimterp^ from India 
and Pakistan, expressing dissatisfaction with 
markets they consider insufficiently open to 
their textile exports. And tbeU.&, Japan, Can- 
ada and the European Union are consulting on 
China's application to join GATT, with Brus- 
sels and Washington at odds over the issue. 

The United Slates is insisting that Owia 
push ahead with economic reform and conform 
to GATT rules before it becomes a member. Sir 
Leon said in an interview that “certain things 
are necessary but others can be delayed" as 
long as China accepts that GATT member 
states may take acoon against Beijing if it 
abuses the trading system once it joms. Japa- 
nese officials indicated in private they shared 
Washington’s doubt that China can meet 
enough conditions to become a member this 
year. 

All of the government officials here agree 
that the Uruguay Round treaty is a milestone in 
world trade. But narrow national interests can 
stiH be expected to hamper the work of the 
trade organization, as was illustrated by this 
week’s dispute between France and Germany 
over European banana import rules. 

“We are not finished by a long shot," said 
one weary official of the GATT secretariat 
“There is lots more to come.” 


BOSNIA: Serbs Put Retaliatory Squeeze on UN Units 


Continued from Page 1 
rounded weapons-collection point 
at Krivcglavri, a village about 15 
kilometers northwest of Sarajevo, 
after the Bosnian Serbs brought up 
a tank to press their demand for an 
unspecified number of artillery 
pieces guarded inside, the officials 
said. 

Serbs have also demanded the 
weapons in a collection site at the 
village of Hreso, east of Sarajevo, 
which is being guarded by Russian 
troops, said a UN military spokes- 
man. 

The Serbs surrounded the sand- 
bagged JCrivoglavd rite Monday, 
deploying troops and laying mines 
that trapped 20 to 30 United Na- 
tions troops on guard there, a UN 
official said. 

“The Serbs gave two deadlines, 
but they passed and nothing hap- 
pened." said a UN military official. 
“We will at tight 


"If they resort to force, we will 
respond in similar fashion,” the of- 
ficial said. “It lodes like an orches- 
trated campaign. We are trying not 
to provoke the Serbs and keep 
things as calm as possible.” 

The demand for the weapons 
and deployment of the tank consti- 
tuted dear violations of a NATO 
ultimatum that had required the 
Serin to hand over or remove all 
heavy weaponry within a 20-kilo- 
meter radius exclusion zone around 
Sarajevo before Feb. 20. 

The Serbs gave up 296 artillery 

E ieces, anti-aircraft guns and other 
eavy weapons under the threat of 
NATO air strikes, UN officials 
said. The surrendered weapons are 
now under UN guard in seven col- 
lection points within the exclusion 
zone. 

Three of the collection areas are 
now surrounded by Serbian forces 
and mine fields, UN officials said. 


and mine fields, UN officials said, flight*, UN spokesmen here said. 


UN officials have been reluctant 
to use the word “hostage" to de- 
scribe the detained UN personnel 
but hostage- taking and vengeance 
killing s have been part of the Bos- 
nian war since it began. 

The Bosnian Serbs have detained 
or restricted the movement of well 
over 200 UN troops since Sunday’s 
first air strike by an American jet 
fighter against a command post 
that was directing a fierce barrage 
into thickly populated neighbor- 
hoods of Gorazde. 

UN troops came under fire from 
Serbian positions in several areas 
of Bosnia, leaving at least one 
wounded 

Near the northern Bosnian city 
of Tuzla, Serbian shells struck a 
UN observation post as well as the 
UN-controlled airport, prompting 
NATO jet fighters to make over-, 
flights, UN spokesmen here said. 


Bosnia Serbs Ban 
American Media 
From Territory 

Reuters 

BELGRADE — Bosnian Serbi- 
an authorities on Thursday banned 
American journalists from their 
territory, the Bosnian Serbian press 
agency SRNA reported. 

“Work credentials of American 
journalists and all those working 
for American m edia are rescinded 
as of April 14,” the agency said, 
quoting an official statement. It 
said they were also banned from 
the territory of the self-styled Bos- 
nian Serbian Republic. 

Foreign journalists have also 
been warned that the Serbs will no 
longer acknowledge press creden- 
tials issued by the UN Protection 
Force. On Wednesday, Yugoslav 
authorities banned CNN and 
Agence France- Presse, 



Conflicting Testimony 
Marks German fire Trial 




Union Rrbomnk Anocnted PK» 

Die GATT director-general, Peter Sutherland, left, welcoming 
Foreign Minister Tsutomu Hata of Japan to a meeting room in 
MmTakesh, Morocco, Thursday, where more than 100 nations 
hare gathered to sign the Uruguay Round trade pact on Friday. 


Compiled by Qvr Stuff from Dispatches 

DUSSELDORF — One of the 
four defendants in the Solingen 
murder trial declared Thursday 
that he alone was responsible for 
setting the fire that killed five Turk- 
ish women and girls. 

But a second defendant also said 
he was guilty, prompting the judge 
in the sensitive case to appeal to 
them to tell the truth. 

“One of you is lying," Judge 
Wolfgang Steffen said. 

The judge urged them to say 
dearly what bad happened to help 
ease the sorrow of the relatives of 
the two young women and three 
girls killed in the fire last May 29: 

The case has been plagued from 

the start by contradictory state- 
ments from the four defendants, 
making the trial a hard test for 
Germany’s system of justice. 

When the trial opened Wednes- 
day in a high-security court in Dfls- 
seldorf, the oldest defendant, Mar- 
kus Gartmann, 24, expressed 
remorse for the crime and said, he 
and the other three — Christian 
Riber, Felix Kdhnen and Christian 
Buchholz — were aO guilty. 

At Thursday's session, the 17- 


yearold Riher said he would not 
describe bow the crime was carried 
out. “1 say only this; Kdhnen, 
Buchholz and Gartmann hadnoth- 
ing to do with the act,” he said*. 

Mr. Gartmann, however, testi- 
fied that all four had take® part in 
deciding what to do, stealing a can 
of gas oiine, s t r utting watch whet- 
ting fire to the three-story boose. 

In another development* the- 
govemment said Thursday, 1 that 
radicals carried out 400 fewer-vio- 
lent acts last year, following a 
crackdown by law officials' at ail 
levels, although the government's 
security report for 1993 shows that 
the problem is far from overcome. 

While the extremists are carrying 
out fewer attacks, there have been 
many more nonviolent crimes, such 
as threatening foreigners, distribut- 
ing hate literature and giving the 
Nazi salute. 

The number of nonviolent far- 
right, crimes rose from -5,045 in 
1992 to 8.329 last year, the report 
said. That could be partly due to 
citizens having greater courage in 
reporting snch offenscs. the docu- 
ment stated. (AP. Reuters) 


HATA: Politician Bet on Reform RATES? Bundesbank Makes Move 


Continued from Page 1 

join the anti-Liberal Democrat co- 
alition if the coalition will give him 
the top job. 

Mr. Watanabe has a petition 
signed by several of his followers 
who sakf they would immediately 
quit the Liberal Democrats with 
him if be could get the nod. Just in 
case anybody misunderstood their 
determination, they stamped their 
official seals on the document not 
with ink, but with blood. 

It now appears, though, that Mr. 
Watanabe cannot find enough 
votes, either in the Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party or the coalition parties. 
Another hopeful, Mr. Takemura, 
also seems wdl short of the needed 
votes. 

That leaves Mr. Hata, a smooth, 
engaging political veteran who has 
a long history of negotiations with 
the United States on trade and oth- 
er matters. 

Mr. Hata may be best known 
abroad as the man who tried to 
Nock imports of American beef by 
arguing that Japanese intestines are 
“different” from other people’s. 

That comment became notorious 
as an example of how far Japan 
would go to protea its closed mar- 
kets. Trying to deal with the reper- 
cussions, Japanese government of- 
ficials denied that Mr. Hata ever 
said it 

Last spring, a reporter asked Mr. 
Hata directly whether he really 
made the c omme nt about intes- 
tines. He did not beat around the 


bush. “Oh yes, I said it,” he de- 
clared. “The newspaper story was 
right.” 

He explained that he was really 
trying to argue that “a society that 
has never eaten much beef wfil have 
health problems” if h moves to a 
beef diet “too fast.” 

As foreign minis ter, Mr. Hata 
has been a firm ally of the United 
States on political and military is- 
sues. Unlike some other Japanese 
leaders, he shares the U.S. view that 
a tough stance is the best way to 
deal with the North Korean nucle- 
ar development program. 

When Pres dent Bill Clinton an- 
gered many Japanese with his com- 
ment that “the Japanese say ‘yes’ 
when they mean * 110 ,’ ” Mr. Hata 
spoke up on the American's behalf. 
“Rather than blame Omton,” be 
said, “we should face the fact that 
there are many examples proving 
he was right.” 

Mr. Hata joined the rest of Ja- 
pan's political establishment in re- 
jecting the Clinton administra- 
tion's push for “numeric targets” to 
increase Japanese imports of spe- 
cific U.S. goods. He has indicated, 
though, that he would accept a 
“target” for reducing Japan’s over- 
all trade surplus, and that position 
might give the U.S. side some nego- 
tiating room. 

Like many current Japanese pol- 
iticians, Mr. Hata looks to Mr. 
Clinton as a political role model. 


Continued from Page 1 

the effect of setting the floor for 
German money market rates. 

The bank also lowered its Lom- 
bard rate, which acts as a ceiling on 
Oii- man money market rates, from 
6.75 percent to 6.5 percent. This 
was a smaller cut than had been 
expected, since the money market 
rates are now well below 65 per- 
cent 

The Netherlands, Belgium, Swit- 
zerland, Austria and Denmark all 
lowered discount rates after the 
Bundesbank's announcement, and 
U.S. Treasury Secretary Lloyd 
Benlsen, who has repeatedly urged 
the Germans to keep cutting, wel- 
comed the move as a stimulus to 
the German economy. 

Mr. Tietmeyer said, however, 
that the bank would act cautiously. 
“Exaggerated interest rate reduc- 
tions would risk re kindling fears of 
long-term inflation.” he said after 
the decision by the central bank 
council, which consists of seven 
members of the Bundesbank’s di- 
rectorate and the nine state central 
bank presidents. 

The bank last lowered its dis- 
count rate, from 5.75 percent to 
5.25 percent, on Feb. 17. “It was a 
clever move to lower it again today, 
because nobody expected that,” 
said Peter Pietsch, an economist at 
Commerzbank. “It was certainly 
justified, because the economy is 
still shaky.” 

Fear of inflation, historically 

strong because of memories of how 


the destruction of the country’s 
currency in 1923 helped contribute 
to the rise of the Nazis, has made 
the bank reluctant to act in. haste 
this year. It waited until February 
to cut rates because of an unexpect- 
ed surge in the money supply in the 
first quarter of 1994 as investors 
sought liquidity to take advantage 
of new tax rules on real estate pur- 
chases in Eastern Germany, among 
other factors. . 

The Bundesbank said in a pub- 
lished statement there were signs 
that the strong money supply 
growth would slow down in the 
coming months. 

Goman inflation, well above 4 
percent a year ago, fell to JU per- 
cent in March and will probably 
end up bekrw 3 percent by the end 
of this year, Mr. Ttetineyer said. 
Nationwide labor union wage set- 
tlements have been averaging 
arotmd 25 percent since January: 

Bui with unemployment running 
at just under 10 percent and nearly 
4 nuffion Gomans out of jobs, eco- 
nomic growth this year is expected 
to be modest None of the major 
German political leaders, however, 
differs with the Bundesbank's pri- 
orities. 

The Bundesbank also an- 
nounced a 18.83 bflbon Deutsche 
marks ($10.96 billion) surplusm its 
1993 operations, the sixth surplus 
in a row, and transferred most of it 
to the deficit-ridden federal gov 
eminent in Bonn. 








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THAT 124 COUNTRIES ARE SIGNING THE 
GAIT AGREEMENT. 


F or the first time, a treaty that will do 
much to shape die world's future will 
bear die name of Marrakech, a city at 
once Arab and African. 

The Final Act of die Uruguay Round, 
marking die conclusion of die most 
ambitious trade negotiation of our 
eenturv, will give birdi - in Morocco - to 
the World Trade Organization, die tim'd 


pillar of die New^ World Order, along with 
die United Nations and the International 
Monetary Fund. 

Hie fact that diis treaty - surely one of die 



most, important in die History of Nations - is 
signed in Marrakech, testifies to die esteem 
and trust in which die international 
community holds Morocco. 

Today, as yesterday it is in Morocco diat die 
hopes and ambitions of die Nations of die 
North and die South converge. 

None was as qualified as Morocco to be at 
this crossroads of opportunity and hope. 














- Page 6 


** 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


Fatal Confusion: Bane of Modem Warfare 


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By Rick Atkinson 

/Ifias/ungfori /»<« Jfmw 

BERLIN — Tfie inadvertent de- 
struction of two U.S. Array heli- 
copters Thursday demonstrated 
that despite a decades-long effort 
to eradicate the fatal confusion of 
friend and foe, it remains one of the 
most common and catastrophic 
consequences of modem warfare. 

In the Gulf War, for example, 24 
percent of the Americans killed in 
action — 35 of 146 — and I5per- 
cent of those 'wounded —72 of 467 
—fell victim to their own comrades 
in arms. - 

Most of the 28 such incidents in 
that conflict had root causes simi- 
lar to those that caused a Confeder- 
ateTsentry to shoot his own com- 
mander, Stonewall 'Jackson, in the 
Gvil War in 1863: poor, visibility, 
battlefield jitters, misidentification 
of the target and the omnipresent 
“fog of war." 

There were also at least two inci- 
dents in the Gulf War in which 
Americans accidentally fired on 
their British' comrades — echoed in 
the deaths Thursday of two British 
officers aboard the Blackhawk heli- 
copters’ in Iraq. 

In the worst case during the Gulf 
War' two US. Air Force A-lOs 
mistook British Warrior armored 


vehicles for Iraqi T-55 tanks, subse- 
quently killing nine men and 
wounding 1 1 with a pair of Maver- 
ick missies. 

Variously called fratricide, ami- 
ddde, blue on blue, friendly fire or 
— as in official U.S. casualty re- 
ports from Vietnam — “misadven- 
ture," the shooting of comrades is 
believed to have accounted for 
about 15 percent of all casualties in 
20th century wars. 

The sights and computers in 
modem fire-control systems permit 
tank and helicopter crews to spot 
and kill a presumed enemy at 
ranges measured in thousands of 
yards, far beyond visual certainty, 
while fighter pilots can destroy a 
foe from a range of many miles. 

Contrary to the fearful expecta- 
tions of U.S. commandos, howev- 
er, none of the Gulf War cases 
involved one aircraft shooting 
down another despite the intermin- 
gling of hundreds of warplanes and 
Helicopters from more than a dozen 
allied nations. 

Gulf War veterans rite several 
factors in the lack of air-to-air mis- 
haps, including stringent “rules of 
engagement” that required positive 
identification before polling the 
trigger and sophisticated electronic 
equipment — known as IFF (iden- 


tification friend-or-foe) transmit- 
ters — that permitted pilots to de- 
termine the identity of other 
aircraft through radio signals. 

Ironically, a source of bitter dis- 
gnmtlonent for navy pilots was a 
decision to restrict their participa- 
tion in the initial fighter “sweep” 
into Iraq on Jan. 16, 1991, because 
U.S. Air Force F-15Cs — like those 
involved in Thursday's incident — 
were equipped with more sophisti- 
cated IFF gadgetry. 

Typically, the attacking plane 
electronically “interrogates" the 
target; if friendly, the other aircraft 
responds, or “squawks,” automati- 
cally with a coded identification 
signal. Such a system was believed 
to be in use by the Blackbawks and 
F-15s over northern Iraq. 

IFF transmitters also said sig- 
nals to orbiting Airborne Warning 
and Control System, or AWACS, 
planes, where* friendly aircraft 
show up on electronic monitors as 
green dots, while unidentified air- 
craft are represented by amber dots 
and hostile aircraft are shown in 
red. Usually at least three mem bos 
of an AWACS crew remain in radio 
contact with friendly pilots, advis- 
ing them of potential adversaries 
and directing, or “vectoring," them 


tolntercept enemy aircraft as need- 
ed. 

Similar procedures have been in 
effect over both northern Iraq and 
Bosnia as part of the UN-sanc- 
tioned “no-flight" zones. However, 
there appear to be at least two sig- 
nificant discrepancies in the rules 
of engagement in the different re- 
gions. 

in northern Iraq, according to 
General John M. Shalikashvili, 
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, the F-15 pilots and AWACS 
crews did not require authority 
from then base in Turkey before 
firing on two Blackhawk helicop- 
ters, which had been confused with 
Iraqi Hinds. In Bosnia, before U.S. 
pilots shot down four Serbian jets 
in late February, they obtained pa- 
mission from air operation head- 
quarters in Vicenza. Italy. 

Secondly, pilots enforcing the 
Bosnia “no-fhght" zone routinely 
ignore helicopters under an edict 
imposed many months ago by 
NATO commanders, according to 
military sources in Naples. Admi- 
ral Jeremy M. Boorda, commander 
of NATO forces in southern Eu- 
rope until last week, believed that 
helicopters did not pose a signifi- 
cant military threat, the sources 
said. 


IRAQ: U.S. Downs 2 of Its Aircraft in f No Flight’ Zone 


Contumed from Page 1 
their weapons. The decision is not 
passed to officers on the ground in 
Turkey, where the jets were based. 

“Clearly, something went wrong, 
and an investigation will have to 
determine what did go wrong," the 
general said. He said security issues 
’prevented him from further de- 


scribing the pOots 1 rules of engage - 
menL 

He also said that the U.S. heli- 
copters routinely used an electronic 
signal to identify themselves as 
“friend” or “foe“ to allied aircraft. 
If procedures were followed, he 
said, the helicopters would have 
been “squawking” that signal to 
surrounding friendly aircraft 


The “no flight" zone was estab- 
lished in 1991 following the Gulf 
War after the forces of President 
Saddam Hussein of Iraq pushed 
hundreds of thousands of minority 
Kurds into the mountains of north- 
ern and eastern Iraq. 

The Kurds were offered protec- 
tion under a UN Security Council 
resolution that has been enforced 


Rate the world's best restaurants 
with Patricia Wells. 

The IHT's restaurant critic has set out 
on a rare and ambitious gastronomic journey, a 
search for the 10 best restaurants in the world 

She will be rating, in month-to-month 
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region, and comparing them to one another. 

Whether it's the best in dim sum, 
delicious but secret sushi bars or the finest of 
French tables, she will guide readers with 
articles about inexpensive restaurants as well 
as the grand ones in the world's major dries. 

She will also share her tips on how to select 

quality restaurants in unfamiliar territory. 

Don't miss this series. 

COMING APRIL 18th 



BRITAIN 


Patricia Wells is the author of The Food 
Lover’s Guide to Paiis T now in its 
third edition. 


continuously since that time. A 
similar air exduson zone was cre- 
ated in southern Iraq to protect 
Iraqis of the Shiite Muslim sect 

According to Reuters, the Unit- 
ed Nations expressed concern earli- 
er this month ova an increase in 
attacks on UN personnel and other 
foreigners in northern Iraq. 

But the United Nations said it 
could not confirm a State Depart- 
ment allegation that the Iraqi gov- 
ernment had offered a bounty of 
possibly up to $10,000 to anyone 
killing a UN relief worker or other 
foreigner. Reuters said. 

At the Stale Department, a 
spokesman said there bad been "an 
atmosphere of tension in northern 
Iraq" for months, based on in- 
stances of what he called “harass- 
ment." and “terrorism" by Iraqi 
forces north of the 36th Parallel. 


Black Homeland 
In South Africa 
Lowers Its Flag 

Reuters 

UMTATA, South Africa — 
Transkei. one of the nominally in- 
dependent black homelands that 
were a cornerstone of apartheid, 
lowered its flag for the last lime on 
Thursday to ready itself for absorp- 
tion into a new South Africa. 

Transkei’s brown, white and 
green flag, a symbol of racial segre- 
gation, was furled for the last time 
during a three-day celebration by 
military rulers of the homeland on 
the Indian Ocean coast. A new 
South African flag will fly in its 
place after the April 26-28 election. 

“This occasion symbolizes the 
closing of the last chapta of the 
apartheid system,” said Transkefs 
military ruler. Major General Ban- 
tu Holomisa, whom many people 
expect to be defense minister in a 
government of national unity dom- 
inated by the African National 
Congress. 



Jos-Msst Breju-Tlc AuocuKd Pro. 

A Rwandan soldier kicking a man in a line of Hutu refugees in Kigali because be bad no proof he 
was not a Tuts. The government solders are predominantly members of the majority Hutu tribe. 

Truce Efforts Fail in Rwanda 


By Donatella Lorch 

New York Tones Service 

KIGALI Rwanda — As Kigali 
continued to be pounded by the 
mortars of battling armies, the 
United Nations c omman d here 
said it could do little to stop the 
fighting or prevent the massacres of 

civilians and that an attempt 
Thursday to hold peace talks ended 
in failure. 

Except for marauding groups of 
footers and soldiers, the streets 
stayed deserted, but reports of mas- 
sacres tillered out as the capital 
descended into further anarchy. 

Thousands of Rwandans were 
still stranded in churches, schools 
and stadiums with no armed pro- 
tection and in the city’s main ho- 
tels, filled with refugees, the mood 
was one of doom. 

About 2,000 UN troops are in 
Rwanda, the bulk or them in Kiga- 
li, but with a mandate that restricts 
them to monitoring a since-broken 
peace agreement between the 
Rwandan rebels and the govern- 
ment, they have felt increasingly 
helpless faced with the city’s chaos. 


UN troops have witnessed mas- 
sacres without being able to inter- 
fere. Their movements are also very 
limited within Kigali; their role 
since the fighting broke out is to 
attempt to broker cease-fires and 
try to bring the warring factions 
together. 

“We have been sitting now eight 
or nine days in our trenches,” said 
General Romeo DaQaire of Cana- 
da, the commander of the UN mis- 
sion in Rwanda. “The question is 
how long do you sit there or at- 
tempt to get it settled?” 

Kigali fefl into chaos April 6. 
when President Juvenal Habyari- 
mana, a Hutu, was killed in a suspi- 
cious plane explosion. His death 
sparked a centuries-old tribal ha- 
tred between the minority Tutsi 
ethnic group and the majority Hu- 
tus. 

Since then, thousands erf Rwan- 
dans have been killed, most of them 
in massacres either politically, eth- 
nically or criminally motivated. Ki- 
gali has sunk into a state of primal 
tenor. All Americans and Europe- 
ans were evacuated and the last 


French and Belgian troops at the 
airport were expected to leave 
Thursday or Friday. Relief officials 
and Rwandans expect the fighting 
to worsen as soon as the troops 
leave. 

Fighting broke out at dawn 
Thursday, and heavy mortars and 
machine-gUD fire shook the center 
of the dty for most of the day. But 
it appeared that, more and more, 
the Rwandan Army was not con- 
testing the control of the streets 
with (he bands of drunken men 
armed with machetes, spears, trun- 
cheons and automatic weapons 
that manned checkpoints through- 
out the dty. 

The International Committee of 
the Red Cross, one of only two 
relief agencies still in Kigali, tem- 
porarily suspended humanitarian 
operations Thursday when one of 
their trucks carrying six wounded 
Rwandans was stopped at a check- 
point, the wotmded pulled out and 
killed. Earlier in the day. Red Cross 
officials had come across 15 bodies 
hacked to death in front of a reli- 
gious school. 


For Israelis, 
A Peaceful : 

j 

But Tense 
Celebration 


, By Clyde Habermas ‘ 

Hew York Times Service - ^ 

JERUSALEM — Israelis, more" 
tense than normal and alert to pos- 
sible hidden bombs, filled, parity 
and forests on Thursday to cele- 
brate an Independence Day thati 
Palestinian Islamic radicals had: 
threatened to turn into “helL” 

The day passed peacefully, note-' 
worthy because many people had 
awakened with a sense of dread* 
that the militan t Hamms groups 
might take more Israeli lives on the* 
46th anniversary of the Jewish; 
state's founding. 

On Wednesday, a young suicide 
bomba allied with Hamas boarded 
a bus in the central Israeli town of 
Had era and blew himself up, kilt 
ing seven Israelis and wounding 30 
others in the process. A week ago,< 
another Hamas suicide bomba 
killed seven Israelis and wounded 
44 others in the northern town trf 
Afula. 

The terrorist wave is the bloodi? 
est that Israel has experienced in 
years. And with Hamas threatening 
three more attacks to avenge the 
Hebron massacre of Feb. 25 — and 
specifically mentioning Indepen- 
dence Day -as an occasion to be 
made “into helT — some Israelis* 
steeled themselves for the worst, j 

Even as they flocked by the him- 1 
dreds Thursday to Independence) 
Park in downtown Jerusalem for 
family picnics and barbecues, they' 
were watched ova by a strength-,’ 
ened security force carrying auto- 
matic rifles and checking untended; 
bags and packages. i 

Officials acknowledged what; 
was already obvious: that each 
bomb costs the government popu- * 
lar support for its continuing nego- ; 
tuitions with the Palestine Libera- - 
tion Organization an carrying out 
plans for Palestinian self-rule and ! 
an Israeli withdrawal of forces , 
from the Gaza Strip and the West ‘ 
Bank town of JoicfaO. 

But Prime Minister Yitzhak Ra- ; 
bin reaffirmed that despite the, 
anti-Israel attacks he will not sus- 1 
pend the peace talks, as the rightist , 

. opposition dwnandR- Officials here* 
say that the final details in those' 
neg otiati ons should be hammered’ 
out in a few weeks. And Mr. Rabin,- 
while conceding that opinion polls! 
show his support to be shrinking,! 
told The Jerusalem Post this week < 
that “the mood will change" once; 
the Gaza- Jericho plan is put into < 
effect 

After the Afula attack, Yasser- 
Arafat, chairman of the Palestine; 
Liberation Organization, passed- up ,* 
an opportunity to speak outagainst ’ 
it Perhaps chastened by sharp crii-; 
idsm of his sGence. he said after the' 
Hadera bombing that the assault 1 
was “unfortunately directed only' 
against innocent people" and that 
it “strikes at the heart of the peace’ 
process.” ; 

While his remarks were not an ' 
outright condemnation, they were, 
seen as an improvement, and Mr. - 
Arafat followed them up with an ' 
unexpected phone call to Mr. Ra- , 
bin in which be eschewed violence • 
by Palestinian radicals. 1 


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ESTORfD 18* CMimr HOUSE 
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290 sqm, gand floor, 3 floors, 
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PROVENCE, newUZH 

Bererifri restored MAS, 170 sqM. with 
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fwMO.T«M33)66 57 6l44 

Fw (33) 66 57 52 63 

FS04CH avmtA - CAP D'ANTSES 
JUAN LE5 FINS 

HOME LOCATION, DflaECT ON SEA 

• 5 BOOMS: rereid 190 sqm, private 
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Tim « 015 88 to 68 83 26 62 

NKX - FRENCH RIVEBA 

LAST FLOOR- SEA VIEW 

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5 beefiaara, dr conrifionm 150 sqm. 

+ 90 sqm terraces, big refer, doted 
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fa FiSce 3393 99 43 63 

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TeL (331 9B 24 26 36 Foe 93 24 36 13 


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CA1UAN (VAR), 30 rare Comes, S rain 
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5 beds/5 baths. Windows with rav 

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renovated town home, 106 sqm. 2 

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One e*1 sehoob aid din 
F+5.65QJOOO Cortoct owner [33- FI 

Tefc 42 66 55 58 or 30 60 40 51 


KJ KM5 FAKE, raAK QiANTklT iq 
o private denote. 140 tqn house, 
fining roan. L t d m i 5 badraores, ete. 

SD vim naKALn. 


.VBtSAUES 

0 bn si prritfB damcDie, 
BEAuTffH CHMACTBt ESTATE 
on 11 ,OOOma toad pork. 
Three man buk&gs, TUDOfl STYLE 
650 sqm firing jpoce 
+ o u tb ri dnre ond tom 
GOGEDM (1(45 00 98 98 


MARAIS 

65 sqjn. beefiuoni + firing 
charm, period umi ti wi 
BWLUSIVnY 

EMUGARGN 

Tat (1) 42 61 73 38 


6ft, ST GBUUUUN DB PRES 

Lusamaui 195 sajti, 2 receptan raams, 
3 bsriraorns, 3 baria, perfect candtaon 
+ rod rtrefia mSOfiOO. 

Tefc 1-45 S 79 W AG&CE VA^NE 

NHRLLY 

IN OlAIMNG P8NA1E STREET, loti of 
character. 110 SQM, fa. in town 
house. Drang roam, bring room, 2 beds. 

2 bcrfn% parting, cp*8f. 

S5tGE BONAMY Tnb 1-4288 90 00 

VUE ITAVRAY - EXCEPTIONAL, 

20 mm West Etole fan, 19to rert. 
morion 400 sqm, pootK ha pork 
cfcanraide forest. F+14 M. 
OwiterSoP3.il 47 50 64 64 






SOUTH AFRICA 

SMAU HOTM. wry modem and high 
docs wdh ariqw freritare ond awn 
vsneyard. ricfiidng 80, ODD sqm. 
ground, r beoNuf area nere Cape- 
town ID wl far US$2,5 aefeen. Inqoey 
per fa to +411 211 15 50 foyd 
fari of Scotland, Znrfcfc, Swteeriand. 

SPAIN 

EXCLUSIVE SHOOTING STATE, 

Us Mrexha, Spcfo, fortafcc nriU par- 
tndge shoonig, nwgefcent horse. 
77uba Rree opnortwriy. FAX: (hen 
46 8 21 49 76. 


THAILAND 


CONDOMNUMS: 


.HOTHSijSlSr^h Sarto, fotfgva 


30-175 roams, US$lhWJSS)3M 
- „T HOUSES: Hua Hfii, Phufct 
633 rooms, U5S2S0&US56CXK 


SIAM INVEST 

T*l +46.13-115003 free +46-13-126711 


FWJKET. THAIAMh Us baa*, 60 
s^K. condo aparfra* finduiig sea 
aid mauaren bang baoony). tape | 
firing room,' i ncor p orating open to- 
chers a ra ndfari becroea. My 
famished USS MfOD. Como* Ami 
ftsenf JPWvrtTefc (66/76} 34 OPS. 
fat 34 06 92 or owner Latpord 
(Poris}, Fa* (33/1)42 78 17 72 


SWITZERLAND 




UEBffl&l 
NMIMI RESETS 


Sri* to 


1975 

. CHA2ETS 

in MCnraEUX, VKIAS. lETSBi 

IB NABlBtETS, GSTAAD, 
OtANS-MCNTANA, VERSES, ole. 
From SFr. mm^jMortgagre) 

52, MoaMred 0+1211 Geneva 2 

Tel 4122-73415 40. Foe 734 1 2 20 


VttiARS 

enahid re o n i teia b u i 

laraWfc. 

: 733.14^9 


USA GENERAL 


SI/ TRADE 40 ACRES N. Arizona 

Afi or port WQOAOAxre. Oema 
Cook. TA (206) 534-9433 USA. 


USA RESIDENTIAL 


NYC/5fh Ave 


18 to 8 


Drecaner’s Ush Awarded 7 

1} 10,000* condo panfhouH, 16' 

Vievs! Gem. 

4^0ir condo penthow. K price sate. 
7 SXff white eMnrt. $1 JMI 
2 /at to 4^00 '. J850K. t 
i500 2 to 4 Becfioom, I 
Midi's garden. 

6} 8 room. Mnf 570 Pad. 

Mdnterancs. 51,771. 

7) 13000' wide Bonsion. Unique. 

Ml MICHa MAOit 
212-891 ■7D92/Se». 2T264U351 

DOUGLAS BlIMAN 


NYC/Eret K s -Urehm 4 forms 

Condo Brar Views $S95K 

Fht Ofbm 2 bedoom, 2 Bods. 
10030 s q. ft fed, t South mi West 
enxarae. Master bemmn with litfiMii, 
Wosher/dyer ei mxbnerf, 9' ceings, 
Fal service tap das buUng was 
aniRge/daaniicm, herfth dub. 

(ff naoar pool Low 5895 cannon 
charges/ red estte ton. 

Heree ai for dMok. 

JOAN WB.TZ 

21 2-891 TDK/fes. 212734-6567 

DOUGLAS BUMAN 


MAGMRCBfT 6-Aere Eagfhfa Mow 

in long tdonL 24QT w oi erha rt to 
Afiortic Ocean. 50 ran. to New York 

Ctj. US) Jl^omoa Teb 516-277. 

65» W51M777161 f*. tar 


MAUI HAWAII, OCEANFRONT 
Condos. S22J300+ dom/bA pnae 
JUQJX0+. Mwuse finandrg - no 
CoB 24 houn. Tet RB665- 
808669-1228 USA. 


RlhAve. CONDO 

CHOICE INVESTOR BUYS 
TKJMP TOWSW>a4icaly reduced 2 
betkaom. 2 bc4 h sp ectattoa r ri rer 
riews, corner wit. BST OFFBt S900K V; 
1 bedroom, 'fj both, Sfiv-High 
pre ore no. Owner wants grid aed at 
5500K. Mown corrfjion. Or4y tolh: 
RQ6MABBSEN 

7d 2I2-752-77B9 far; 212752-0754 

AMBROSG-MAX BJA 


NYC/CPV/ -Ecdushte 3fi00d. farinwe 

PARADISE FOUND 

Yaul fM NY's tagged and bed views 
m tho gorgeous tow er home, p lus triple 
mart conebon- 2 (fianAc ri iOtt S. 

21 27fl9-9822/fles2 1 2<65-1748 

DOUGLAS BJJMAN 


LONDON SW1. elegant furnished 2 
bed uuitatenL Drawing room, btdien/ 
b reo tfa st, bathroom, xpenrie wc In 

presliaous budding IWhilehaH). 

writer# security it hr porterrro. 
XSOOjOO per wwk nrii. 3 north. IS 
44 71 930 6394 or 44 51 (05 7562 


NEW YORK CITY one -bedroom 
apartmen t . 74 iq. m. ei terery door- 
mn briefing an to 72nd Street. 
Ui SIKUtt. Cri 212-628-9033 or 
send fat to Ate» ATper, 212-2065534. 


BOCA RATON. RORCA, New. Lux- 

ury Hones from 1591000. 4©’-362. 
5316. Gteristab farity, BH6G. 


USA FARMS <t RANCHES 


FAMILY RE5tDB40E7 HORSE HUM 

Uretste New Yorfi, Schohoie County. 
100 acres sesoGtrond vacation 

7 bedroom, 5 both, 2 

roams, orapta gue* qwrters. 

tennis cawr, hat tubt hauriaus 

horse bam. Greer views. $975,000. 
Cri for a*x brodnra Mr. Yogev 


REAL ESTATE 
TO RHVT/SHARE 


FRENCH RIVIERA 



H&NCH IUVMA 

ST JEAN CAP FBOAT, CAP D 1 AH 
VUBKANCHB6UHWS aid 

BEAUUB+SUUMB 

For rert choice of vria^ 3 to 6 
bedroaras overioofitag the soa widi 
swearing pool tome r^e on ftw sea 

19, BU du Generd Lederc 
06310 EAUJRJ-SUR-MS! 

Td (33) 93 01 04 11 fat P3) 93 01 1196 


GERMANY 


DUSSBDORF C COLOGNE wMn 20 
eitk MK & qwet Ofhrtntert of unique 
dttrign, B «JA+. friy finhhed & 
equipped for private & hones pur- 
poses, 12/24 months letting, 
US 1,450/marth teduifing costs, ser- 
«t ovaUl e. F» +49-2I081444. 


GREAT BRITAIN 


KNKHT5BBSX3, Idgma 
We hare cdmgmy an a tsuge 
of fienijhea and unfurnished 


brety homes - short, long & Go- lets. 
Serviced btoda avriabte: Fri firi on 

appfc a tocn. Tet 44 71 486 5741 fa: 

44 71486 054Q - Ascot Properties 





ITALY 

VBRCE, 2 bedtowned apartment with 

^^rfiaTnuK^ fcroshed. CcJ or 

mJl ivi i ' > ■■ 

RATOia 
arm tower or 

EXPO PORTE DE VBBAA1ES 

From stedas to faKoca de low. 

Daly, weeUy or monthly. 

Free shulfa lerrice to 
EorotfiHiey-lond 

Cafe 05.345.345 Tal Free 
or (33-1] 45 75 62 20 

Embassy Service 
YOUR REAL STATE 
AGENT W PAWS 

Tefc {1} 47.20.30.05 


8th, FKAMBM ROOSEVELT 

3 bwfaxTH, 2 brifn, dafele Ivrig. 

fbst oass. nuar 

Tel 1-47 S3 80 13 to 4551 73 77 

Hondpidred quaky opatmwfc, di 
sore, fag ond suburbs. CAnTAlE 
55^1^,46 14 82 11. fa 





16* - 1 BHXOOM. My eqeinped, : 
garden! private entrance, FT 9300. 1 
T* cfarl0am.fi) 42 88 80 98 ‘ 



16*. Auraa. 

turn iihed & fully ec 
ed.tr): | 


PARIS AREA UNFURNISHED 


Uk, TOURNON SHUT, XVW> art,-. 
4 roams, 155 xua, equipped fakhrai 
das. 16th, TOCADaO. 4 roaoB,- 
145 mm very Hindi dan- 1-4572 9320 - 


179s. PORIE MAttlOT, 3 rowrt , 
newly redone, high das buUng, re , 
creriarts, cetter. FF7JD00 + charges. 
T_L ni in An an * 


Teh owner HI 40 1600 90 


AT HOME ABtOAD, a retoccrion team j 

derfioried to molten your move ray. , 
Tefc 1 -400908 37. fa 1-400990 16 1 


UOaWOUS VUA FOR V JJ», bus, , 

tasglsh - American • German schools. , 
Rent: F34D00/ma Tet 1-46 02 12 30. , 


PORTUGAL 


U5BON - 3-EOOMAMETMM', fiv - 1 
mg/dring room, latches 2 baths, ao- , 
rage, outer, riwr view. Owner ml t 
Fret 35^17270577 . 


SPAIN 


105 JERONIMOS AMRTMBfTS 
Mateta, 9 Madid. Between Fiado 

Mneum & teiro RorL Finest e 

of trotfitianol'fientiire. Driy-’. 

» rates. RaserraJiora . tel j 
1 Fax P4-11 4294458 


7 PIAZAK BP ANA APART MB4T5. 

in d» heart at Madrid. Hrii doss 
stories to let. Daiy weeUy, monthly 


. — Friy equipped Deed reserve 
twns. tet ftrlS 85 


34.1348.4380 


85, Fan 


PIAZA BASUiCA APARTMENTS 77. 

Coraxtawe Zcnto Madrid loaded in 

the nudd & btsnes area A warm 
& indmdud jMe. Ddfy - Weridy ■ 
MortHy rates, folervdiaa - Tet (34- 
1) 5353642. Faa P 4-1) 535149 7. 


USA 


SMjl RANCEOO lunry hmstrad 
94 51,l»W^d1 4T5729T8ag 9/ 


OLYMPIC RENTALS 


•9* .OLYMWCHOVaT HOME Up- 

roe nstane area, wo t - “■ — 
Owner Tet 4Q4.262-B92 1 


!Mil 


REAL ESTATE 
WANTED/EXCHANGE 


RlYtEKA -Super Connes- 
CoHorrioMowm* fal de Vena, 
faperty of threader about 350 sqm. 
5*9 epoOfc ran 2500 sqja. gaidret- 
teg Soori/South West - ysa riew. 
» ff 12 M. fa offers to 
-141*4) 347 51 44 Smtarekud. 

WEAK LOOKING FOR higfvjtofldred 
oponwt^ wri A Im fontehed 
or urmrorited in ceaito Pn to offer 
» “r rfemefc. Canted USA 


IjlCMi ifagJ &Bfcm 

Meyd 1994 

Cotmm pkokbties 

Mr XI IVP4 

Real Esxtrg trt it Akokib Paris 



















































\p„ 

fl's 


INTERNATIONAL WEB ALP TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 199 * 


Page 7 


U.S. and China Split on Korea 

Pyongyang Is Reported Ready for Dialogue 

d.. t ty n . - - ■ dialoeue. the Droble 


By Lena H. Sun making l^ts ih Febmmy to deter- pte ti^ f w diaJogu^hepro^J 

WariunponPauSeniee mb^ongyang’s nuclear capabil- will d^nrtdybe Reu- 

BEmNG -The United States W«- _ _ ta 3^£^S.^ce, which 

and China are unable to agree on CNN reported from Pyongyang _ , ner- 

whai steps should be taken tfNorih Thursday night that a Wgh North js not wpi m 

Korea continues to resist pressure Korean official told a handful of ^ a response from 

to open its nuclear installations for journalists and foreign diplomats aiiowimMhe inspec- 

inspection, a senior U 5 . official that his country was ready jo.re- North KOTa^Uowng^m^ 

said Thursday. sume a dialogue with the United tore to complete rnetr mission, 

^TCeotnaol, Rofa. CM^, Sum. „ r . cfrllucci said he booed CB- 


Pyongjnng s nuclear capaou- 

CNN reported from I^ongwig " We S T.CS;“w 
Thursday night that a high North is not 

Koreanoffiaal told a hindful of haps,7Njr- Gdhwo md. ' are 
journalists and foreign diplomats now loafang 
that his country was ready to re- North Kot« altowng metnspec- 
HSL- SXZJL th* Untied tore to complete thetr mission, he 


«. \ ne T ™^ Ro P ert GaDuca, the stales. QaShxn said he hoped Chi- 

State Department s newly appoint- [“We want to resolve all the is- -JrAfficials “will ejtertaSthe in- 

N .^ 1h T* 63, sucs P"**®* lalk | wth fhience they have" over North Ko- 

said a day of ‘'productive and use- Washington," Kim Yong Sun, a "T^nt acknowledrinR that 
ful" talks with Chines* nffiriaiR frrKSk cirt rea. But aCKnowieuguiB 


said a day of “productive and use- Washington," Kim Yong Sun, a ^cknowledgmg that 

t Chinese officials senior North Korean official, said p. ; . influence is hmiled, he 
had failed to produce progress on a separate statement broadcast ^ don't know if thatwiDbe 

resolvmg the differences. by Pyongyang radio, Agence 

“1 can’t say we’re in complete France-Pressc reported.] v^, I 0 i d Western diplo- 

agjement on what to do next," he ^ Gallncci said a third round ithasha d a “badrela- 

^ Mr. C^Uuco, who loves for 0 f talks on the north's security and Shh?- ^th Pyongyang ever 
Semti on Friday, conferred with ^ 0 ^ development will only be ^Jestabhshed diplomat rtda- 
Assistam Foreign Minuter Qm h^d if North Korea allows the UN south Korea in August 

Huasim and six other officials. ageocy to complete its inspections 
Last week. North Korea rejected and resumes comprehensive talks antT investment ties be- 

a United Nations statement urging with South Korea. lwecQ niina and South Korea have 

it to allow the International Atomic GaIlucci seemed to gp out of -manded, and two Chinese mOi- 

Energy Agency to complete full m- his wav to emphasize that Wash- attachfc will start work at the 
spections of North Korean nudear in pW s firstchoice is to resolve the oj^se Embassy in Seoul on Sal- 
installations. matter through negotiations, not mtfay, acco r ding to the South Ko- 

The statement set a deadline of sanctions imposed by the Security Defense Ministry, 
early May for the agency director, CoundL That echoes the position contrast. Tor the second year 
Hans Blix, to make a progress re- qJ rhina_ in a row, China did not send an 

port to the Security CoundL It _. r nfTidal ddeaation to Pyongyang 

called on North Korea to resume ^]Tb^.^ nese . ■ the this week for the birthday edebra- 

negotiations with the United Slates Qiao Qfckaj* as sav^ tion of the North Korean leader, 

and South Korea. The talks were TokyoShm.ta TrtmsdayM go * £££„, uma 82 ou Fri- 
suspended afiCT North Korea pre- ing, “Chma aZ? 

vented agency inspectors from related parties give themselves am- day. 



Clinton 

Asks Bush 
To Help in 
Singapore 


[ >■ £'*' " - R. - ’ 

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Tfi TllSt Si (jllllilial 


U.S. Studios Curb 
Their Cannes Rol 


By Barry James 

Iniemaiional Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Following 
France’s success in excluding 
audio-visual products from in- 
ternational trade rules, the 
United States is lowering its ex- 
posure at the Cannes Interna- 
tional Film Festival this year. 

Although movie company ex- 
ecutives and the organizers of 
the festival insist that there is no 

hnk between these two ele- 
ments, the fact remains that 
only one of the U.S. major stu- 
dios so far has announced firm 
plans to show a movie at the 
Festival in May, even though 


Festival in May, even though 
Clint Eastwood, an American, 
is chairman of the jury this year. 

A spokesman for Columbia- 
TriStar, the Sony Corp. studios, 
said the organization will show 
“1 Like It Like That" a suspense 
film directed by Darnell Mar- 
tin, set in the Bronx and featur- 
ing mostly black and Puerto Ri- 
can actors. , ■ 

Spokesmen for several otnir 
studios said, however, that their 
companies were not planning to 
show anything at Cannes be- 
cause they had no films ready 
for release. 

“There were two or three ti- 
des actively discussed,” said 
Hillary Cart speaking for Dis- 
ney and its Buena Vis* Pic- 
tures distribution arm. wit the 
timing was completely off. 

“But certainly I think that 
Cannes is regarded by stu^os 
and most people m the ; film 
community as probably the 
most prestigious film festival 
and the biggest and most signif- 
icant," she said. “So this is by 
no means, on anyone s pjut. a 
boycott of any tand. 1 w?uM 
say it is a wild kind of coinci- 

dC (>«sr strong objections from 
the United States. France 
Sugbt successful* to «dwte 
audio-visual products from the 


Uruguay Round of the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade. It argued that not only 
its own entertainment industry 
but its very culture was at stake 
because of the overwhehning 
disproportion of Hollywood 
entertammeni products enter- 
ing Europe. 

Ms. Clark said that the fail- 
ure of mostUS. nugor studios 
to appear at Cannes this year 
was “quite strange, but without 
any mod of purpose or inten- 
tkm, it just kind of fdl that way 
this year." 

Nadia Bronson, vice presi- 
dent for international market- 
ing at MCA Universal Incx, said 

Ae plans to be at the festival as 
usual this year even if one of the 

company's well-regarded pro- 
ductions, Spike Lee’s “Crook- 
lyn" will not be shown- 
This is because it is not 

scheduled for release in Europe 

until October, she said, adding 
that if the French felt in any 
way that the United Stales is 
boycotting the festival, they 
needed to “loosen up.” 

Along with Berlin and Ven- 
ice, the Cannes festival is still 

the best place to meet thepress 

and the leaders of the industry. 

Robert G. Friedman, presi- 
dent of worldwide advertising 
and publicity for Tune Warner, 
said the absence should abso- 
lutely nor be construed as a 
boycott- “This is not about poh- 

1 tics, it’s abort marketing." he 
’ said. “Basically, it’s about mn- 
‘ tag-” 

■ Gilles Jacob, the French gov- 
ernment’s general-delegate for 
, the festival said he was not ex- 
1 peering a hugely reduced Amer- 
\ man presence at Cannes — per- 
i haps because several 
independent U S. producer are 

n planning to exhibit there, i ou 
- will seewhen I announce the bst 
i e at my news conference on April 

B 21 ," he said. 


_ Mr. <*■ Oft S2K SLSo’SSt'S 

BEUING— China’s most prom- said an official bor-rigjns advocacy. Mr. Xiao also 

inent dissident, Wei Jingsheng, is a stated th^ he had wUteda^ is an active Christian m a comtty 

criminal whose current detention tive issued in 1980 by the bmie wbfire ^ government is deeply 

and investigation should not be Council, China’s cabinet. Miss su^ndous of citizens who practice 

confused with the issue of human the police refused to di- Western religions, 

rights in China, a Foreign Ministry ^joc the allegations against her Mentioning the brief detentions 
spokesman said Thursday. husband or explain what activity 0 f pro-democracy activists m Beq- 

“The case of Wn Jin^heng is by ^ council directive forbid*. ing and Shanghai during th 

no means an issue of human Xiao, 32 , is a friend of Yuan* visit of French Prime 

rights,” the spokesman, Shen Guo- • u^v^ty law Ed ouard Balladur, Mr. au 

fang, told a weekly press bnefing- __nouguu^ — u e ■ 

“Human rights does not^ simply . 

mean rdearing a crirmnal" 

His remarks fueled speculation 
that Mr. Wei, 43, may face fresh 
criminal charges following his re- 
arrest April 1. He had been re- 
leased last September, six months 
before completing a 1 S-year prison 
term for “counter-revolutionary 

activity. , . 

No new charges have been 
brought against Mr. WeL But Chi- 
nese authorities say he is bang in- 
vestigated for “suspected Dew 

crimes." . ... 

Mr. Shen’s statement coinaaea 
with reports that the authorities 
had detained another dissident, 

Xiao Biguang, a former Begmg 
Univeraty teacher. 

Lesotho Official 
Slain by Troops 

The Assodated Press 

MASERU, Lesotho — Rebel 
soldiers on Thursday killed the 
deputy prime minister and de- 
tained three other cabinet ministers 
in what dhilomats said appeared to 
be part of a lingering dispute over 
military pay. 

Soldiers from rival barracks 
fought sporadic battles in January 
after one group mutinied for more 

dgn Minister R-F. Botha of 
South Africa said Lesotho’s prime 
minister, Ntsu Mokhehle, told the 
South African Embassy that army 
soldiers detained the deputy prime 
minister and three other cabinet 
ministers. A spokesman for Mr. 

Botha later said the deputy prime 
minister, Selomota Bahoio, was 
I shotdead. 


v| T shen said that the Chinese 
“They are noi democracy acms. aulhoritics ^ having trouble with 
They are crumnals, most of whom au^ political prisoners handed 
are still on parole. , aver ^rith a view to their consider- 

restrictions. 


w— ■ 

WASHINGTON — President 
BOl CUnton sad Thursday that it 
would be a mistake for. Singapore 
to flog an American teenager, add- 
ing that he would be grateful n 

George Bush raised the issue while 

he was there. 

“If he decides to say something j 
supportive of the absence of can- j 
ing, I would certainly be grateful 
Mr. Clinton said at a news confer- 
ence. 

In Singapore. Mr. Bush declined 
to comment on the case. 

“Hey listen. I'm a private citizen. 

No interviews,” Mr. Bush said 
when asked as he walked through 
his hotel to a luncheon attended by 
senior Singapore officials. 

Mr. Bush was accompanied by 
Deputy Prime Minister Lee Hsien 
Loong, the acting prune minister. 
Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong js 
on a visit to Europe. 

The American youth, Michael V. 
Fay, 18, faces six lashes of a rattan 
rarw as p unishm ent for spray- 
painting cars and other acts of pet- 
I ty vandalism in Singapore. He has 
been fined more than S2JW0 
and is currently serving a four- 
month jafl sentence. 

Mr. Fay has until Tuesday to file 
an appeal for clemency with Presi- 
dent Ong Teng Cheoog. 

Mr. Clinton said he did not ob- 
ject to p unishme nt for Mr. Fay but 
e believed wining was too severe He 

u said many Americans who have ex- 

a pressed sympathy for. the caning 
■_ did not understand the brutality of 
iL “He is going to bleed considera- 

v bly and may have permanent scare, 

J and I think it is a mistake," he said. 

is Mr. Clinton said he remained 
3 . undecided on whether to call on 
st US. corporations doing business in 
m Singapore to pressure the gov eru- 
pt menL (Rerulers. AP) 


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Page 8 


FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


Jteralh 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


No Time for Bear-Baiting 


*V. 

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ill 


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\* 

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Last December’s elections showed the po- 
litical strength of Russian nationalists. Ever 
since, Boris Yeltsin's government has made a 
point of asserting Russian national interests. 
In Washington, Republican senators like 
John McCain and Mitch McConnell, and 
Democrats Hke Zbigniew Brzezinskl still 
thinking in Cold War categories, see this as- 
sertiveness as a sore sign that the Imperial 
Russian bear is back. They call for the United 
States to quit coddling Moscow and start 
confronting it Specifically, they urge extend- 
ing NATO’s security guarantees to Eastern 
Enrope and bristle at renewal of Moscow’s 
ties to forma 1 Soviet republics. 

Confronting Russia now would be a mis- 
take. True, the days of Russian reformers 
saying "yes" to everything Washington wants 
are over. From its relationship to NATO to its 
role in B osnia, the forma Soviet Union and 
the Middle East Moscow wiD now set its own 
agenda. But that agenda could be more or less 
threatening to American interest, depending 
cm whether enlightened reformers or belliger- 
ent nationalists prevail in Russian politics. 

Reformers are dearly having trouble estab- 
lishing coherent policies and controlling mili- 
tary and KGB renegades. Bui authority is still 
in the bands of people like President Yeltsin 
and Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, whose 
strategy remains cooperation with the West. 
And for all the nationalist rhetoric, Russia 
continues to play a constructive role in the 
world, fulfilling its arms control commitments, 
dying to coax the Sorbs away from confronta- 
tion and withdrawing from the Baltics. 

That could change, particularly if national- 
ists Kifft Vladimir Zhirinovsky gain more 
ground Even that, Russia, with drastically 
reduced defense budgets, crumbling military 
infrastr uctur e and widespread draft evasion. 


would initially pose only a limited threat. 
Should the imhtary situation change drastical- 
ly, there would be plenty of time for the West to 
respond. That would be the moment to talk 
about extending full NATO membership, with 
US. security guarantees, to Eastern Enrope. 

A confrontational stand now by Washington 
would only play into the hands of the 23iin- 
novskys. Instead, the United States should try 
to develop a cooperative relationship to 
strengthen foreign policy moderates like Mr. 
Yeltsin and Mr. Kozyrev. That means includ- 
ing Russia in tlx: Partnership lor Peace and 
conducting joint exercises and soldier- to-sd- 
dier exchange programs to help domesticate 
Russia’s military and keep it out of politics. 

But helping Mr. Yeltsin does not mean 
conceding a “sphere of influence" to Russia in 
the former Soviet republics. If Russia is to 
shed its imperial past, it must be encouraged 
to respect the rights of all its neighbors, as it 
has pledged to do in treaties. 

Americans, in turn, should not object to 
continued cooperation between Russia and 
its neighbor republics, If freely negotiated. 
Washington needs to encourage those neigh- 
bors to respect the rights of Russian residents 
and encourage other countries to join Russia 
in internationally sanctioned peacekeeping in 
places like Georgia. Americans could embrace 
such a policy, provided that Mr. Clinton made 
a better effort to explain, personally, what his 
administration is trying to do. 

Critics accuse Mr- Clinton of bring too 
focused ou Russia, at the expense of the rest 
of the forma Soviet empire. But even in its 
present weakened state Russia is the power to 
be reckoned with in the region. The best way 
to make its neighbors more secure is to help 
Mr. Yeltsin tame the nationalists. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Real Questions for Clinton 


Those town meetings that President B\Q 
Clinton likes so much have been rather con- 
1 trovosial among journalists. A fair number of 
people in (he news business have been heard 
to complain that average folks just don't have 
it in than to ask those "tough" questions that 
professionals pride themselves on tossing the 
president’s way. Alta the president's town 
meetings last week, we expect to hear much 
less bashing of citizen-questioners for their 
alleged lack of steel 

Take Herman Cain, the chief executive offi- 
cer of Godfather’s pizza chain, who told the 
president that his health care plan "will cause 
us to eliminate jobs." Mr. Cam, the incoming 
president of the National Restaurant Associa- 
tion, asked Mr. Clinton: "What win I ten those 


people wbose jobs I am forced to eliminate?" 
The pi 


t president and Mr. Cam then went at it, as 
The Post’s Ruth Marcus put il sHoe-for-sIice. 

Thai there were the Whitewater questions. 
"Many of us are having a hard time with your 
credibility," Rebecca Fairchild told Mr. Clin- 
ton during a town hall meeting in Charlotte, 
North Carolina. “How can you earn bade our 
just?” So much for softballs. 

To be sure, the White House does what it 
an to get some nice words thrown the presi- 
lent’s way. Elaine Shaffer asked such a 
riendly question at a Kansas City town 


meeting — “Could you please explain . . . 
why our officials can't or won't take a serious 
and compassionate look at our health care 
reform?” — that President Clinton felt obli- 
gated to say, “Well, I didn't write thai ques- 
tion for ha, honestly." Not exactly. But it 
turned out that Ms. Shaffer was invited to 
the town hall meeting because, as the presi- 
dent acknowledged, she had sent the Clin- 
tons a supportive letter on health care. The 
While House suggested to the local station 
hosting the event that it would be dandy to 
ask Ms. Shaffer to ask a question. 

You can’t blame the White House for try- 
ing, but we hope that the president's aides 
resist the temptation to orchestrate these 
things along Politburo lines, even if that 
means risking some unpleasant moments for 
their boss. The whole argument for town 
meetings is that citizens may have things on 
their minds that are not necessarily at the top 
of the list for those, including reporters, who 
have more regular contact until the presi- 
dent. The sessions have demonstrated their 
value, and citizen-questioners have proved 
their mettle. But town meetings will be use- 
less to everyone if they become a catechism 
of planted questions and stock answers. Let 
the good questions roll 

— THE WASHINGTON POST 


Broccoli the Beautiful 


When a president of the United States, 
peorge Bush, announced his dislike of broc- 


coli several years ago, he bruised not only a 


podstuff but the people who love it. Like 


auliflower, brussds sprouts and cabbage, 
iraccoti is the vegetable equivalent of the 
uni of the liner and as such inspires the 
•roteciive instinct. Crowd-pleasers like 
weet corn and tomatoes need no defenders, 
iroccoli — often tough in the stalk and 
itter in the bud — needs all it can geL 
Now broccoli and its cruciferous kb have 
ew supporters: researchers at Johns Hopkins 
diversity. A compound isolated from broc- 
jli called sulforaphane, they report in Tues- 
vfs issue of The Proceedings of the National 
cademy of Sciences, blocks the growth of 
unors in rats treated with a cancer-causing 
<xzn. Eventually the compound may be test- 
1 in people at high risk for cancer. 


But then, isn’t that always the way with 
vegetables that Inspire loyalty — but not 
popularity? Their beauty lies less in their 
outward form than in their inner character. 
Take garlic, for instance, which is more than 
a lot of people are wilting to do. Those who 
shun garlic for their breath's sake may also 
be shunning an allium compound, a phyto- 
chemical (as is sulforaphane) that may be 
responsible for thwarting disease. For the 
same reason, one is well advised to take 
onions, too, on everything. 

What broccoli cabbage, garlic and onions 
have in common, besides virtue, is a certain 
redolence. They can scent a kitchen more 
surely than a baking cake. They can, in fact, 
obliterate the aroma of a baking cake. Neva 
mind. In this, as in so modi of life, wisdom 
lies in following one's nose. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES 


Other Comment 


onflictmg Pre-Raid Signals 

There was no realistic alternative to bomb- 
g the Serbs when they directly challenged 
e United Nations by attacking Gorazde. Of 
urse, it would have beat better to have told 
em dearly that they would be bombed if 
ey continued their aggression. Instead, a 
earn of conflicting si gnals emerged from 
ashington that probably persuaded them 
sy could attack with impunity. 

One would have expected Washington to 

dug Saddam Hussein the green light to 
ode Kuwait, but the administration has 
sn as divided as the Western alliance over 
■glia. The Serbs know this all too well and 
snian Muslims have had to pay the price. 


r? 


The United Nations acted positively and 
decisively to liberate Kuwait. [It] should be 
doing so again in Bosnia. The excuse that the 
Serbs gave the United Nations for air strikes 
should have been exploited to the full The 
apparently massive air power that has been 
patrolling the Bosnian skies for months 
should have been used to destroy every Ser- 
bian tank and gun position around Gorazde 
in an aerial blitzkrieg lasting only a few 
hours. Russian protests would probably 
have been no more severe. 

From the wreckage of their mili tary ambi- 
tions, the Serbs would have been (aught (he 
lesson that they understand best, that superior 
force is to be respected and obeyed. 

— Arab News (Jidda). 



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Cut International Financing of Third World Arms 


W 


ASHINGTON — Why should the World 
Bank and the International Monetary Fund 
lending biSions to poor states that can't kick 


By Hobart Rowen 


to poor: 

tbebabii of excessive military spending? 

In a new Brookings Institution book, “Global 
Engagement — Cooperation and Security in the 
2 1 st Century," Wolfgang H. Reinicke, a Brookings 
research associate, argues that the bank and the 
IMF can go much further than they have in the 
past to maze sure that monies they make available 
to the Third World "are not misused for the 


quick 


fully naif of the countries to which it lends refuse to 
report their military expenditures to the h ank. 
Among those which do. there are glaring examples 
of military spending at a several- times multiple of 
money spent on health and education combined. 

For example, in 1991, according to the World 
Development Report, India’s central government 
spent 17 percent or its budget on its military, only 4 
percent on health and education: Pakistan's gov- 
ernment spent 27 percent and 16 percent; Syria's. 
31.5 percent and 9J percent. 

All of these countries are or have been major 
borrowers from the bank. Since money is a fungi- 
ble commodity. World Bank and IMF loans allow 
such countries to waste huge amounts on arms that 
otherwise would have been committed to civilian 
projects and human resources. 

Both (he bank and the IMF have taken steps to 
curb excessive military spending by borrowers, but 
they have been less than successful in lie face of an 
institutional diktat that only economic, and not 
political considerations be' taken into account 


when making loans. But Mr. Reinicke points out 
thai both institutions, especially the bank, "no 
longer really maintain the artificial separation” 
between economics and politics. 

For example, the bank has increasingly condi- 
tioned loans on its goals of reducing poverty and 
environmental degradation- It could also apply 
newly adopted "good governance" rules to 
sure that its money does not go into arms. 

As the then World Bankpresident, Barba Con- 
able raised the issue in 1989 when he questioned 
the expenditure of $200 billion annually by Third 
World countries for defense, which far exceeded 
their outlays on health and education. At the 1990 
annual meeting be said that "financial resources 
must be redirected to higher priorities.” 

At the Bangkok meeting of the bank and the 
IMF last year, (he IMF manag in g director. Michel 
Camdessus, called for a 590 billion cut in industrial 
nations' defense budgets and a S 1 40 billion slash in 
those of the Third World. "In a world of scarce 
resources, we would be derelict in our duty to our 
membership if we were to ignore the hemorrhage 
of financing from productive to unproductive sec- 
tors of national economies." he said. 

WhalMr. Reinicke urges the bank and the IMF 
to do is move past their cunent advisory roles on 


r conai- acnorr or National Public Radio, who 
Tty and describe a slight deterioration in post- 
il apply relations between Washington and Mos 
making The phrase as used by Brookings is h 


budgetary matters, and deny loans unless Third 
Vend 


World borrowers demonstrate that the money will 
not be used for military or military-related purposes. 

His message for the current leadership of the 
bank and the IMF is part of the larger theme of the 
Brookings book, that international security in the 


That may be on the far horizon. But a 
step would be curbing the proliferation 
in the Third World by cutting off their ini 
financing by the World Bank and die IMF. 

The Washington Post. 


first 


French Money Is Behind the Overarming of Rwanda 


H AWTHORNE New Jersey — 
The horrendous violence that 
has seized the tiny African republic 
of Rwanda is not as random as it 
looks. For the members of the Akazu, 
the ruling dan around the late Presi- 
dent Juvfaal Habyarimana, the only 
way to retain a 21-year monopoly on 
power was to kill their enemies as fast 
as they could. And until Wednesday, 
when anti-government rebels overran 
(he capital of Kigali, that brutal 
dique was getting help from an un- 
likely quarter France. 

Rwanda was a Belgian protector- 
ate until it gained independence in 
1962, and until recently it got most of 
its military aid from Belgium. But 
Belgian law prohibits any lethal aid 
to a country at war. 

In 1975, two years after he seized 
power by deposing the president who 
appointed him, Mr. Habyari- 


By Frank Smyth 


mana signed a military cooperation 
" “ i When the 


agreement with France, 
raid guerrillas of the Rwanda Patri- 
otic Front (harbored and largely 


armed bv neighboring Uganda) in- 
vaded in 1990 and again last year, it 
was France that rushed in combat 
troops, mortars and artillery to help 
the government 

Why France? Rwanda is “no- 
body’s idea of a choice colonial 
prize,” as Toe Economist tartly put it. 
It has few resources, little industry 
and a lot of AIDS. like its neighbor 
Burundi it has been ton by decades 
of ethnic strife between the Hutus 
and the Tutsis. 

Bus French is an official language 
— even though only one in six adults 
are fluent in it — and that counts for 
a great deal. France has investal 
heavily in francophone Africa and 
provides military and financial aid to 
a network of its own forma colonies. 
Mr. Habyarimana was a friend of 
President Franpois Mitterrand. 

France’s commitment to the Ha- 
byarimana regime was underscored 
by its recent subsidy of Rwanda’s 


purchase of S6 million in arms from 
Egypt. A contract signed in Kigali in 
1992 includes a fuD arsenal of mor- 
tars, long-range artillery, plastic ex- 
plosives and automatic nfles. Pay- 
ment was guaranteed by the nation- 
alized French bank Credit Lyonnais. 

Nor has France had much to say 
about Rwanda’s atrocious record on 
human rights. Mr. Habyarimana — 
who died with the president of Bu- 
rundi in a suspicious plane crash last 
week — was a classic despot, ruthless 
and corrupt. He installed relatives 
and cronies in key ministries, the 
army and a paramilitary militia This 
group is known as (he Akazu. 

When the rebels, who are largely 
Tula, invaded in 1990, the Akazu 
incited a policy of ethnic deansin$. 
Carrying placards of Mr. Habyarn 
mana above their heads, local offi- 
cials and mflitiamra organized mobs 
of agitated Hums. They lolled tfaoa- 
of Tolas, while Tutsis lulled 


In Africa, Primary Schooling for Girls 


N EW YORK — Can primary 
education, especially for poor, 
rural oris, really be a large part of 
the solution to Africa's long slide 
into deeper poverty? 

In a report from Washington last 
month entitled “Adjustment in Af- 
rica," the World Bank sought to 
counter critidsm that the economic 
austerity measures that it and the 
Inlonaticmai Monetary Fund have 
advocated for Africa were a cure 
that almost killed the patient. 

The World Bank concedes, how- 

in Africa during the 198Cis dlcTnot 
adequately protect the poor. Far- 
ther, the bank records its belief — 
long held by Unicef and other 


By John WilHiam 


est payoff in reducing African pov- 
erty may be good baric schooling, 
especially for girls. 

The bank's logic is simple. Edu- 
cated gtris become more economi- 
cally productive women. They have 
healthier, better educated children. 
They have fewer children, too, thus 
flattening population growth trends 
and lessening environmental pres- 
sure. Combined with belter farm- 
ing, fair prices and improved basic 
health services, education for girls 
is a crucial and essential step away 
from the economic brink. 

The African countries most suc- 
cessful is macroeconomic policy, 
such as Ghana and Zimbabwe, have 
maintained \hejr spending on educa- 
tion. But overall. World Bank sta- 
tistics show, spending on education 
has dropped. According to U nesco, 
increasing numbers of African chil- 
dren are not attending school. 
Those who are may not be much 
better off: crowded classrooms, ex- 
hausted teachers and a pitiful lack 
of supplies are often common. 

"Alta three decades, education in 


many African countries is worse, 
than' before independence," said a 
Unesco specialist. Anderson Sban- 
kaga of Zambia. “Teachers are look- 
ing for second or third jobs to feed 
their own children. The ability to 
analyze problems and to coordinate 
donor-supported programs is weak." 

In some countries the situation is 
catastrophic. A typical 5-year-old in 
Niger can expect to attend school for 
just ova two-years. A gtri may get 70 
days of effective schooling in her 
lifetime. The conqxarable figure for 
an American girl is about 15 yean. 

Dropout rates in many countries 
are extremely high. Often parents 
are pressured to pay for primary 
education, when not haying the 
children at borne to help with farm- 
ing or housework i3 already a major 
burden. When fees are added, eco- 
nomic reality may dictate that giv- 
ingup is the best solution. 

The World Bank believes that 
many African countries are spend- 
ing too much of their meager educa- 
tion budgets on ooltege-1 evd educa- 
tion. Yet even hoe, where affluent 
families predominate, recurrent ex- 
penditure pa student bos dropped 
by iwo-lhirds in a decade. The result 
is abandoned research, dormant li- 
braries and poor staff development. 

Foreign donors often lead the de- 
bate on education policy, which 
should be a national priority. 

The role of foreign advisers in 
Africa, not only in education, is 
now in question. The World Bank’s 
vice president for Africa, Edward 
Jaycox, has stated that the imposi- 
tion of foreign consultants is a “sys- 
tematic destructive force" under- 


peris work in Africa, while some 
1 00.000 skilled Africans work in 
Europe and in North America. 

Unesco’s director-general Feder- 
ico Maya Zaragoza, champions 
education for girls and sees failure in 
African education as a danger with 
global impact "Ignorance breeds 
poverty," he says. “People flee rural 
areas to already swollen cities, where 
they cannot find jobs and where 
support systems do not exist Next 
comes frustration and violence, and 
y, mass migration. 

y. a new sense of argency 
is needed. I would like to see the 


Security Council take up the ques- 
tion of i ' 


education. Threats to the 
world do not result only from armed 
conflict We need to look at the 
imdolying problems and not only at 
their surface manifestations." 

Education ministries often are 
bloated with time-servers. Foreign 
experts prepare moan, tains of re- 
ports read only by other experts. 
The World Bank and the UN agen- 
da should follow more boldly (bar 
own advice on the importance of 
funding primary schooling for girls. 
And, as the World Bank states, Af- 
rican countries underspend on edu- 
cation and health priorities, while 
overspending cm the military and 
on public enterprise subsidies. 

Whatever is done now, the pro- 
blem wifi continue well into the 21 st 
century. How far into the century 
and with what level of global fall- 
out, depends upon when Africa and 
the international community joint- 
ly develop the realistic, soundly 
funded program that, sooner or lat- 
er, most be put into place. 


mining the development of African 
capacity. About 100.000 foreign ex- 


The writer, a former senior Unicef 
official and now a free-lance writer, 
contributed this comment to the In- 
ternational Herald Tribune. 


hundreds of Hutus. Victims were 
hacked to death with machetes. 

Last August, Rwanda and the re- 
bels agreed to end their three-year 
war, and ax months later the presi- 
dent agreed to a transitional govern- 
ment, dividing ministerial posts three 
ways: among the AJcazu, Hutu oppo- 
sition parties led by Prime Minister 
Agaihe Uwiiingiyiznana, and Tutsi 
representatives. 

Among these groups, the Akazu 
was the meet reluctant to share pow- 
er. Hours after the president was 
killed on April 6, his Presidential 
Guard went on a rampage. 

They killed Prime Minister Uwflin- 
oynnana, along with Belgian peace- 
keepers who had tried to save ben 
most other opposition party mem- 
bers; priests and nuns, journalists 
and human rights monitors. Militia- 
men and soldiers under irregular 
c ommand randomly attacked Tutsis 
or anyone suspected of being one. 

Now the government forces are in 
retreat, kilting and bunting as they 
flee. If the rebels take control they 
have said that they wifi share power 
with other parties; the worid will 
have to wait to see. 

For now, the honor in Rwanda 
should serve as a grisly lesson in the 
dangers of imperial reach. Of 21 
French-speaking African regimes, 
most are dictatOTships with scant re- 
spect for human rights. 

In January, when France devalued 
the cunency used by 14 of these na- 
tions, it sent a welcome signal that it 
would cut back its subsidy of their 
economies. But its military policy 
lags behind its economic one: 

In propping up the Rwandan ra- 
: for so long, it bears part of the 
: for the current bloodbath. 


77k writer, author of “Among Rwan- 
da,” a report released in January by 
Human Rights Watch, contributed this 
comment to The New York Tones. 


dchvayof38 
exchange for capping its nuclear arms 


pLUgLdlll) U** VUUWM MuuiuiMmuuvilU 

pursuing an Alice io Wooderiaiid po&- 
cy. Even Pakistan, which wants the 
jets, won't play the game. 

Both Pakistan and India, which 
have fought two wars ova Kashmir, 
have developed nuclear arsenals. Ear- 
lier U.S. adWnistratioas have failed 


to put a lid on midcar arms on the 
subcontinent, and last week the Unit- 
ed States deputy secretary of state, 
Strobe Talbott, ran into the same 
roadblock in New Delhi. 

No mailer how persuasive the 
United States might be wish Paki- 
stan, there is no reason, to believe that 
India would cap its nuclear arms. It 
worries about China, a vastly greater 
nuclear power, winch h fought briefly 
in a border war in 1962. Besides, 
Washington has absolutely no influ- 
ence with China on nuclear matters. 

The Clinton administration be- 
lieves that the key to capping the 
nuclear race is to waive the Pressla 


current “Cod War" will be less dependent on 
armies and war machines than on mediation and 
to resolve conflicts. 

Tool "War” is an apt phrase that does not 
appear in the book but was seized upon in a 
Brookings press release touting the new study. 
Brookings credits the first use of the term to Daniel 
Schorr of National Public JRadio, who used it to 

t-Cold War 
'Moscow. 

The phrase as used by Brookings is intended to 
identify the more general uneasy post-Cdd War 
peace in which regional conflicts and ethnic vio- 
lence persist and superpowers are unable to use 
their nuclear stockpiles to settle “local" hostilities. 

What the scholarly book says, in a nutshell is 
that the big powers in this uncertain period wifi be 


amendment, which forbids arms aid 
to Pakistan as long as it develops 
midear arms. “Lifting Ban on Paki- 
stan Aid Is Seen as Way to Curb 
Anns," one headline pot it 
It seans that senduq; delivery vehi- 
cles fra - nuclear bombs is considered 
the key to curbing Pakistan’s nndear 
arms dforts. One cannot easily imag- 
ine a more fatuous enterprise. 

While billions of dollars of Ameri- 
can military and nonmiHtary aid 
flowed to Pakistan in die 1980s, Islam - 
abod was developing nociear weapons, 
insouciant disregard of one of 


m 


mat tne mg powers i 
preoccupied with their economic performance, 
which vail force sha 


force sharp reductions in their military 
forces that heretofore stood guard against attack. 

Peace will depend on a new concept, cooperative 
security, to manage today’s tensions. This is easier 
said than done. The book’s editor, Janne E Nolan, 
and its principal authors concede that there wifi be 
strong resistance to their counsel that aggression 
must be abandoned. History shows, they admit, 
that “sovereign nations wifi always have an inher- 
ent propensity for armed conflict. " They hope for 
strict controls on nuclear weapons, and a policy 
that any use of force of any kind should always be 
“multilateral and employed only as a last resort." 


America’s central foreign policy aims 
— while piously and falsely denying 
that it was doing any such flung. 

The atm of (he aid was to stiffen 
Pakistan against the Soviet Union, an 
ally of India, and to make possible the 
Dow of U.S. arms through Pakistan to 
those fighting the Soviet-sponsored re- 
gime in Afghanistan. Even at the time, 
n was perfectly obvious that the arms 
would nevCT be used against the Soviet 
Union and that Pakistan’s only inter- 
est in acquiring them was for possible 
use against India. 

The Soviet Union and the regime i( 
sponsored in Afghanistan are no 
more; but it seems thoe are still State 
Department and Pentagon strategists 
who think jt promotes some U.S. in- 
terest to resume arms aid to Pakistan. 

Aside from its pointlessness, this 


policy gratuitously worsens U.S. re- 
lations with India. 


So why does it 
continue? It brings to mind a snake 
wbose head has been cut off but 
whose body continues twitching to- 
ward the prey. 

' If great quantities of arms did not 
dissuade Pakistan from developing 
nuclear aims despite its assurance 
that it would refrain, why should 
anyone behove that lesser quantities 
— delivered when Washington has 
less leverage overall — would have a 
different effect? 

The impressible, tropistic tenden- 
cy of policymakers to believe that 
arms sent to Pakistan serve U.S. for- 
eign policy interests has been main- 
tamed for 40 yean, since some for- 
eign policy genius had the brilliant 
idea of forming an alliance that in- 
cluded Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran 
mid Iraq to bold back the Soviet 
Union. That efid not turn oat too wdl 

Is H inertia that preserves Cold 
War policies whose rationale has dis- 
appeared? Are bloated foreign poli- 
cy, intelligence and mffitaiy agencies 
seeking new rationales? 

American policymakers should re- 
call that tbe most recent recipient of 
U.S. lavish arms aid in that part of 
tbe world, Afghanistan, is now in 


ruins and busy exporting terrorists 
id the world. 


and drugs around 
Curbing the spread of nuclear arms 
is a worthy objective, but now that 
both India and Pakistan, despite 
Washington’s best efforts, have nu- 
clear capabilities, the Urn ted States 
should leave it to these contending 
Forties to sort out their own affairs. 
America should count on their own 
good sense of the dangers of nuclear 
war to lead them to avoid it 


The writer is co-editor, with Sulo- 
chana Raghavan Giazer, of “Conflict- 
ing Images: India and the United 
States. ” He contributed this comment 
to The New York Tunes. 


Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed "Letters to the ‘ 
Editor " and contain the writer's 
signature, name and fidl address, 
letters should be brief and are - 
subject to editing. We cannot be ' 
responsible for the return of unso- ■ 
Jicited manuscripts. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO- 1 


1894; Anarchist Solution 


PARIS — Since (be anarchist out- 
rages have become an epidemic the 
question has arisen as to whether (he 
partizans of agitation by explosion 
could not be transported en bloc to 
some uninhabited country. There 
they could live together and realise 
the state society of their dreams 
. . . France possesses in Oceania a 
number of deserted but fertile is- 
lands, where these gentlemen could 
found a model Anarchist State . . . 
In order to prevent the escape of any 
renegades, two or three guardships 
would shoot down without mercy 
any false brethren who might at- 
tempt to flee from the new paradise. 
There would be no police, no grind- 
ing capitalists, no employers and no 


ftris of the capture of Simferopol in 
the Crimea, by the Bolshevists. Se- 
bastopol whit* is only fifty 'k3tf- 
mfitres south-west of Simferopol is 
thus senously threatened. The loss of 
me Cnmea was considered inevilablfe 
and the Allies decided to evacuate 
Odessa. Great anxiety is felt for the 
large numbers of Russian patriots 
who believed that they had found in 
the Crimea a safe refuge from Bol- 
shevist persecution. 


1944; Simferopol Taken 


*2®?? fFrom ^ New York 
edition.] In the seventh day of a re- 

SHK f °L?^ Cri ™ to Red 

Amy raptured in rapid succession 
yesterday [April 13] ifc bigpcSTof 
mg capitalists, no employers ana no reodo&ya and Yevpatoriya and (hfc 
bourgeois — nothing, in fact, but capital Simferopol clearing thi* 
l ” 1 - * fa' 1 **! German and RonLian 


brother Anarchists and enemies of 
the owning class. 


1919: Simferopol FaBs 

PARIS — News has been received in 


? f “ti thrusting wiflh 

m rwraty-five^mUes of SevaftowJ 
chief pnze of the campaign, Moscow 
announced last nightT * 


Why Send 
Arms Aid to V* 
Pakistan? 

By Nathan Giazer 




> 1 , 0 ' 


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i>" v 


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lnnivet 


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!(..._ ... 



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'•-n i. 


‘■ 4 *. 



American Taxpayers 
Are Losing Patience 


of the influenza 


By George F. Will 

W ASHINGTON — Four score 
when Americans 
***st paid federal income taxes 
°dy 357.598 had 
enough - 13,000 -lobatS 

mSr*S» 5 f d - 10 ?*“ ‘ hcir ren,nls 

““OCT oath m the presence of a 
government official, and the gov- 

e T? 0 !2,l udiled ever y return. 

AmUi ’ “ 800,1 35 the 16th 
Amendment was ratified, empow- 
aiug Congress to tax incomes. 

Congress imposed a tax of I pa- 

2, 1 «n ^S 0 ®* 8 ^ween $3,000 
and $*0,000, with a 6 percent sur- 


that 


epidemic 

raged in the war’s final year. But 


ft is instructive that tax 
time coincides with the 
nuhtouy ^tienientUmin 
the civil war in the 
Ihdkans, probably on 
the losing side, 

charge on higher incomes. But the 
next year the Balkans were heard 
from. There was an assassination 
in Sarajevo, war came 10 Europe, 
eventually America came lo the 
war, and by 1919 there was a top 
rate of 77 percent and the thresh- 
old for taxation had been lowered 
to $1,000. 

“War," said a great American 
radical, Randolph Bourne (1886- 
1918), “is the health of the state." 
War also may have been the death 
of Mr. Bourne, who was a casualty 


he was right: Nothing matches 
war-making as an expander of 
government's control of society's 
resources and individual lives. 

War can reconcile individuals 
to taxation. This was an Irving 
Berlin lyric daring the Second 
World War. “You see those bomb- 
ers in the sky? Rockefeller helped 
to build them, so did !." 

But no one nowadays sings of 
the democratic joy of all participat- 
ing together in paying for, say, 
Amtrak or the peanut program. 
Hence the charm in this tax season 
of the “A to Z Spending Cuts nan” 
proposed by Representatives Rob- 
ert Andrews, Democrat of New 
Jersey, and Bill Zeliff, RepubDcan 
of New Hampshire. 

They propose setting aside 56 
hours this year during which any 
member of the House of Represen- 
tatives could propose reducing out- 
lays for any program, including en- 
titlements. There would be a rofl 
call vote — no anonymity of voice 
votes — on each proposal. 

The idea was endorsed by 234 of 
the 435 members in a letter to 
Speaker Thomas Foley last August, 
and 221 members have co-spon- 
sored the measure to make “A to Z” 
happen. House leaders will throw 
up every possible procedural im- 
pediment to prevent this happen- 
ing, because the spending system 
depends on obscunty, secrecy and 
hypocrisy. Back home, members 
preach parsimony. In Washington 
they practice mutual logrolling. 



AHSo- AWcFftrtrtloN Hoi* 0 >s we. 

CONSTAMTtf,Wrm CHANGES OF _ 
<5UFPoS£P RnanOAL NtVSCDNPlXT 

FROM FAANYYEARS A GO. 




■FNU€I>T6 ANsKer all. THE 

QUESTIONS CLEARiY. 




THERETOKE.THE 0*-Y HONORABLE 
THIN6 TOR HoSQKMtfA-Sw TO T»o 
IS KEStGN? 




Genuinely Dangerous , 
Primal and Affecting 


By Frank Rich 


If the impediments fail, we shall 
see who has the courage to cut, or 
the courage to defend, say, peanut 
subsidies. Of course, if cuts are 
made, they wQl run smack into the 
fourth branch of government — 
Robert Byrd, Democrat of West 
Virginia, chairman of the Senate 
Appropriations Committee. Still, 
“A to Z" would be a step toward 
establishing the responsibility of 
individual legislators for what the 
legislature does. That would serve 
the cause of resistance to taxation. 

Resistance is tiring faster than 
taxation is. Tor two reasons. Dissat- 
isfaction with government's perfor- 
mance is tiring rapidly. And there is 
a growing belief that government is. 


strictly speaking, irresponsible — 
that sheer inertia accounts for the 
momentum of spending, and that 
the connection between a national 
mandate and the decisions by the 
national legislature is attenuated 10 
the paint of disappearance. 

Taxation is a moral, not just 
a material, preoccupation because 
money is time: Taxes are a levy on 
the time we invest in being produc- 
tive. WIH the levy increase? The 
Clinton administration says federal 
spending as a percentage of gross 
domestic product wfl] hover around 
22.4 percent — historically high, 
thanks to the Bush administration. 
However, the Clinton projections 
rest on three rickety assumptions. 


They are that interest rates will 
remain where they were before they 
recently beggn to rise; that between 
nowand 1999 there will be no reces- 
sion to nigger increased govern- 
ment spending in a shrinking econo- 
my; that defense spending will 
decline faster than the world wQl 
permit. Hence the administration is, 
as Peter Brimelow writes in Fortes 
magazine, “like a famil y that as- 
sumes — on rather thin grounds — 
that the breadwinner is going to get 
a big raise and the landlord is gang 
to cut the rent." 

Regarding defense spending, it 
is instructive that this year’s mid- 
April tax time coincides with the 
U.S. intervention as an active mili- 


tary participant in a civil war in the 
Balkans, probably on the losing 
side. U-S- aircraft are bombing Ser- 
bian forces because (he secretary- 
general of the United Nations, who 
seems to have acquired custody of 
NATO, had decided to do whatev- 
er was necessary 10 relieve another 
city in a nation that not one Ameri- 
can taxpayer in 10,000 could locate 

on an unmarked map 
Eighty years after the B alkans 
and the income tax first began 
complicating Americans’ lives, 
war is the health of the United 
Nations, with interesting conse- 
quences for American sovereign- 
ty, and American taxpayers. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 


Anniversary Wishes: Oblige China, Admit the East, Rethink the Shield 


YET’ ASHINGTON — Anniversaries of 
’ ’ great occasions are news events that 
can be covered with care. Assignment edi- 
tors. who rarely have the luxury of dealing 
with the expected, are nibbing their hands 
at 1994*5 s ummer of commemoration. 

First: June 3, 1994, is the fifth anniver- 
sary of the bloody suppression of the 
peaceful demonstration in Beijing’s Tian- 
anmen Square. 

A fitting way to mark this historic occa- 
sion is to reprise in every medium the 
Indelible photograph of the lone man stop- 
ping the line of tanks. 

Toe most suitable way for politicians to 
observe what the Chinese press delicately 
calls “the incident of June 3" is to accom- 
modate the private wishes of the Chinese 
leaders regarding the threatened withdrawal 
of most-favored-natioo trade status. 

That siupriring suggestion is based on the 
iconoclastic theory that Beijing is acting 


By William Safire 


rationally in its recent human rights crack- 
down. Inflation in China has soared lo 26 
percent per year. This loss of purchasing 
power is a source of growing anger among 
waritas, threatening the ability of thejittery 
regime to avert turmoil after Deng Xiaoping 
die. How to stop rampant inflation? By 
slowing the economy, of course — bat that 
will increase unemployment. How does 
Beijing divert blame for austerity to foreign 
denis? With subtlety: byre-jailing the para- 
mount dissident, Wei Jingsheng, thereby 
forcing President Gin tan to suspend MFN. 

Result: sharp reduction of Chinese ex- 
ports to the United States, which will dose 
inefficient factories, raise productivity and 
curb inflation. Villains throughout the 
painful adjustment are the intrusive Amer- 
icans and the destabilizing dissidents. 


No Beijingplogisi has a better theory to 
explain why China is provoking Bill Gin- 
ton to suspend MFN. If cutting off trade 
to spite inflation is their way of ensuring 
both economic and political stability, we 
should accommodate China's desire to 
scuttle MFN on the June 3 deadline date. 

Three days later is the 50ih anniversary of 
D-Day. American, British and other Allied 
forces stormed the Normandy beaches on 
June 6, 1944, and Mr. Gin ton will be there 
to remind Europeans of recurrent American 
repayments to Lafayette. 

How best to celebrate this golden anni- 
versary of General Dwight Eisenhower's 
“great crusade”? It cannot be a replay of 
the memorable, made- f or-movies, misty- 

eyed spectacle at the 40th. Let Clinton be 
Clinton, whatever that means: realists 
hope that it does not mean dishing out 
another mushy helping of last December’s 
Partnership for Peace Pablinn 


As circumstances change, so should pol- 
icy. The president should use this forum to 
reject both regional isolationism and im- 
potent multilateralism, and instead urge 
the inclusion of Eastern Europe and the 
Baltics into NATO’s military allianc e. 

His rcturn-to- Oxford speech should be 
more serious than sentimental, focusing 
on this generation's need to defeat incipi- 
ent fascist or Communist movements, 
and on the Western democracies' respon- 
sibility to lead the inexorable march to- 
ward individual freedom. 

And that’s just June. The next month, 
on July 20, we observe the 25th anniversa- 
ry of the most soul-stimng moment of the 
previous generation: the landing of a man 
on the moon. 

That would be the proper moment for 
all the liberal deriders of “star ware" to 
take a new, nonideological look at the 
need for a global nuclear shield. Soon we 


may have to take out the plutonium 
plants of North Korea, thereby to prevent 
nuclear blackmail which might well trig- 
ger conventional war; wouldn’t the world 
be better off with a space-based defense 
against missies that would remove the 
incentive in rogue states to build bombs? 

Saving only one cityful of people is 
worth a few billion a year. To paraphrase 
a clichfc of the past generation, if we can 
put a man on the moon, we should be able 
to put in place a defense that does not 
permiL any unauthorized missile to get far 
off the ground. 

Finally, the moon landing triggers the 
memory’of another 25th anniversary, on 
July 19, of an accident that ended dreams 
of a political Restoration. But the loss of 
a young person's life at the Chappaquid- 
dick bridge is best memorialized at a 
private service. 

The New York Times. 


N EW YORK — Only hours 
after Kurt Cobain’s corpse 
was found in his Seattle home fast 
Friday, be was buried in a media 
avalanche of generalities. The 
myth-making machinery that 
cranks up after every show-biz 
death busily turned a troublesome 
rock musician into a recognizable, 
easy-io-digest archetype. 

Headline after headline assured 
us that the 27-year-old Mr. Co- 
bain, the mainspring of the band 

MEANWHILE 

Nirvana, was the voice of a genera- 
tion. (Douglas Coupland, the au- 
thor of “Generation X," even pub- 
lished a weepy open letter to 
“Kurt” to claim ownership.) 

He was also irresistibly likened 
to the rock trinity of Jim Monison, 
Jtmi Hendrix and Janis Joplin, 
who all vanished into their own 
: hazes at age 27. 

lew York Post pursued 
another familiar angle with its se- 
ries: “How Fame Killed Kurt Co- 
bain." And Newsweek achieved a 
hat trick of dqsression by putting 
his face on a cover featuring an 
essay by William Slyron about the 
former White House counsel Vin- 
cent Foster. Inside, Mr. Cobain 
and Mr. Foster joined a Mount 
Rashmoro-like pictorial “panthe- 
on of the suicidal" that also in- 
cluded Abbie Hoffman, Marilyn 
Monroe and Ernest Hemingway. 

I asked my sons, both rabid 
Nirvana fans and both young 
enough to look upon Generation 
X as enfeebled parental figures, if 
any of this reflected the musician 
they admired. 

No, they said, and were particu- 
larly vehement in defending him 
against the charge of being The 
Voice of a Generation. 

“He didn't want to be that," 
said my older son, urging me to 
check ont Kurt Cobain’s true sto- 
ry and to listen harder to the mu- 
se that had for so long drifted out 
of his bedroom. 

He has a point. Mr. Cobain's 
biography, as reported by Michael 
Azerrad in the book “Come As 
You Are," strikes American chords 
more universal than generational 
The son of parents who divorced 
acrimoniously when he was 8, the 
young Kurt was shuffled from rel- 
ative to relative in the gloomy log- 
ging town of Aberdeen. Washing- 
ton. As be won high school art 
contests with his drawings, he was 
tormented by jocks. 

He turned to music for salva- 
tion, only to be startled when his 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Multilateral Muddling 

Regarding “ The Goal in Bosnia Is Peace” 
(Opinion, April 13) by A. M. RosenthaL 

The Serbs were inadvertently oven the green 
light to attack Gorazde by UJS. Defense Secre- 
tary William Perry and General John Shaii- 
kashvili, chairman of the U.S. Joints Chief of 
Staff. Both of them indicated that air power 
would not be used at Gorazde. The result? 
Force then had to be used, not because the 
■threat of force had been made but because the 
threat had been withdrawn. 

Mr. Rosenthal has a point about the danger 
of abdicating — or appearing to abdicate — 
control over military power. By handing the 
choice of when force is to be used to the United 
Nations and (he UN commander in the Add, 
■the United Stales gives the appearance of hav- 
ing abandoned the threat of air strikes as 
a flexible tool of diplomacy. 

Abo, since such decisions are no longer, for- 
mally, American decisions, U.S. consultation 
with the Russians might come to be neglec ted. 
This offends the Russian government, strength- 
ens Russian pan-Slav nationalism and jeopar- 
Ai™* U.S.-Russian cooperation in the Bal kans . 

“Safe areas” have been declared in Bosnia, 
but UN troops have neither the means nor the 
-mandate to defend the civilians trapped in 
these areas. The air strikes at Gorazde were 
■called in to defend UN troops and aid workers, 
not Bosnian civilians. 

In accordance with such automatic mecha- 
nisms, limited mandates and narrow concep- 
tion of strategy. General Sbatika^vib saidair 
strikes would not be technically effective. Tins 
.judgment was questionable, since tanks and 
artillery — vulnerable to air attack were 
being used against Gorazde. _ 

c.irh errors and miscalculation take 
within a poHcv erf UN-oriented legalisms, 
ilook ideal on 'paper but 
tice. Underneath the legalistic and formal mech- 


anisms of tbe United Nations lie real balances of 
power and real balances erf interest 
In situations such as the Balkans, diplomacy 
needs to use all instruments available — includ- 
ing miKtaiy force — with the utmost flexibility. 
To ignore soefa realities and their implications 
means (hat UN mediation — and Western 
power — will quickly be discredited, and the 
“New World Order” will be one of increasing 
world disorder and universal danger. 

GILBERT REID. 

Rome. 


Population Control in China 

Regarding “ At Least They’re Talking About 

' Rights’" 

nun McCarthy: 


Women’s Eights ” (Opinion, March 17) by Col- 


ued to enjoy the benefits of citizenship in demo- 
cratic Israel, despite tbe obvious problems, 
while few Arab countries have shown any incli- 
nation toward democracy and some have con- 
tin ued to terrorize vestigial Jewish populations. 

As far as “occupation” is concerned, Jordan 
occupied territory to the west of the Jordan 
River when it joined its neighbors in declaring 
war on the new state of Israel in 1948. In 1967, 
when Jordan again went lo war against Israel, 
despite Israel’s promise of nonbewgercnce, Is- 
rael occupied the same territory. 

I can find no one with any recollection of 
hand-wringing about tbe plight of the Palestin- 
ians under Jordanian occupation from 1948 to' 
1967. One need hold no brief for some of the 
vengeful Jewish settlers in Judea and Samaria, 
bullet there be no doubt that Jews and Arabs 
both have a right to live in that region. 

BARRY HYMAN. 

Bushey Heath, En gland. 


Human Rights Watch is wrong to include 
China's forced sterilization ana abortions 
among tbe abuses committed on women. 

When women give birth to children they can- 

He Banality of Ev3 

tunate children they bear. Something must 
(and inevitably will) curb population growth. 

When education and persuasion fail, what 
would the Human Rights Watch and Mr. Mc- 
Carthy prefer — pestilence? mass starvation? 

WARREN R. DIX. 

Riyadh, 


Regarding “The Monsters’ Mediocrity 
Makes Them No Less EviT (Opinion. April 7): 

l would like to thank William Pfaff for 
writing what needed to be written about the 
mediocrity of Paul Touvier in particular and 
the eveiyman aspect of war criminals and 
perpetrators of genocide in general The im- 


Both Peoples Have a Right 

In response to “ Apples and Oranges” (Let- 
ters, April S) from Gunvant Govindjee: 

Israel was no more “cleansed" of its Arab 
population than the surrounding Arab lands 
were “cleansed" of their Jewish population. 
There was a significant movement of peoples 
from both territories, for fear of the conse- 
quences of staying. Thai is to be regretted. 

It should be acknowledged, however, that 
many Muslim and Christian Arabs have con im- 



portance erf such a trial is the rediscovery of 
what very ordinary people can and will do 
when democracy gives way to totalitarianism, 
when tolerance gives way to hate, when peace 
gives way to war. Never again? 

DAVID WASSERMAN. 

Rogues, France. 

Tbe U.S. Army unit that committed the My 
Lai massacre in 1968 belonged to the 23d or 
Americal Division, not tbe American Division. 

1 am currently reading Mr. PfafTs latest book 
“The Wrath of Nations,” in which he describes 
the Vietnam War as an imperialistic war, even 
though the American people did not realize it. 
Even when I may not agree with his interpreta- 
tion, I find his views lo be stimulating, well laid 
out and historically ronvincing. 

JOSEPH M. GUERRA. 

Berlin. 

Editor’s note: Mr. Pftzff correctly described 
the U.S. Army’s 23d Division as tie Americal 
Division, thus named because it war made up of 
three American regiments based in New Cale- 
donia in 1942. An editing error war responsible. 

Histoiy and Myth 

Regarding “ Debunking William Tell, Heroism 
and Other Myths ” and “In Texas, a New Fight 
Over the Alamo ( both March 31): 

Societies and nations have buflt-in cultural 
defense mechanisms. For the Swiss people. Wil- 
liam Tell remains a national hero, although his 
very existence is questionable. For Americans, 
the defenders of tbe Alamo remain national 
heroes, regardless erf their personal motivations. 

I doubt that any revisionism will ever correct 
the place and the image of heroes and events in 
history. Should they be forgotten, that will 
simp ly show that their cultural and historical 
function is no longer valid among people eager 
to shape their own myths, to bring forth their 
own heroes, to imagine their own legends all 
quite removed from the past. 

But this requires centuries, if not miflennia, 
of collective growth that, alas, involves war and 
peace, myths and legends, memories and revi- 
sions. 

G. S. METRAUX. 

Luuy, Switzerland. 


BOOKS 


MASTER OF THE GAME: 
Steve Ross and the Cre- 
ation of Time Warner 

By Connie Brack. 395 pages. 
$25. Simon & Schuster. 

Reviewed by 
Michiko Kakutani 

T O the reader of “Master of the 
Game,” Connie Brack’s lively 
new book, it's clear that the late 
Steven J. Ross — entrepreneur, (teal 
maker and chairman of lime 
Warner — saw himself, or wanted 
others to see bun, as a kind of Fitz- 
gerald character. Jay Gatsby or 
Dick Diver perhaps, a dispenser of 
joy and largess, a romantic who saw 
the world as an endless series of 
infinite possibilities. 

But while Brack hails Ross in 
these pages as “one of the most 
original entrepreneurs of his time,” 
she also suggests that there was a 
much darker side lo his legend. 

‘Hie myth portrayed him as a 
man who was infinitely generous,” 
Brack writes, “loyal to the death, 
and who valued the well-being of 
his friends above his own. sacrific- 
ing himself for the good erf others. 
But the truth was that his extraor- 
dinary generosity was funded to a 
great degree by the company, his 
loyalty, in many cases, endured as 
long as people were useful to him; 
and — driven by a compulsion to 
win — he tended to put his own 


| WHAT THEY'RE READING 

• David Manvefl, director of the 
Berlin Document Center, is reading 
” Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald 
and the Assassination of J FIT by 
Gerald Posner. 

“Posner reviews the Kennedy as- 
sassination, the Warren Commis- 
sion, and the most prominent of the 
conspiracy theories. With careful 
analysis and compelling new re- 
search and findings. Posner does 
indeed dose the case for me." 

(Michael Kallenbach, IHT) 

" / • • • •■ ! 

I 


interest ahead of others, in situa- 
tion 5 large and small. ” 

Brack — a staff writer at The 
New Yorker and the author of “Dae 
Predators’ Bah” — narrates Ross's 
story with brio, however fannhar its 
central incidents may be by now 
from business folklore. Once aga in , 
we're told bow Ross transformed his 
father-in-law’s funeral-parlor busi- 
ness inte the thriving Kmncycoqxh 
ration. Once again, we’re told now 
Kinney gobbled up a talent agency 
and the ailing Warner Brothers-Sev- 
en Arts studio to become Warner 
Communications Inc. 

The three major controversies of 
Ross's career are dealt with in detail. 
On the mattw of the Westchester 
Premier Theater case (in which two 
Warner officials, Jay Emmett and 
Solomon Weiss, were indicted in a 
racketeering scheme involving a 
mob-financed theater in Tanytown, 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

S OME 3,000 enthusiasts con- 
verged on Cincinnati in March 
lo compete in the American Con- 
tract Bridge League's Spring Na- 
tionals. 

Eva Nacht and Win 
were among the contestants 
New York City. They had previ- 
ously won a regional Imps pairs 
title in February in Ronkonkoma, 
Long Island. Study the diagram 
and try to determine the pair con- 
tract, the one that would be 
reachoi if all the players could see 
all the hands. 

Mis. Nacht as South landed in 
six dubs doubled after East-West 
had bid to five hearts. The defend- 
ers scored their major-suit aces, 
and the result was down one. Now 
the question arose: Was six dubs a 
phantom save? Would East-West 
have made five hearts? 

At first sight it might seem that 
East would have to lose two spade 
tricks and a diamond tack, but he 
can avoid that fate. If South leads 
the club deuce, hoping to score a 
diamond ruff. East raffs, draws 
trumps and develops diamonds. 
His fifth diamond then takes care 
of one of dummy’s spade losers; 

The best lead for the defense is 
therefore a spade, but there is a 
counter to that East wins, draw 


j in dummy and leads 
tbe diamond queen for a finesse. 
When this reveals tbe bad split, he 
raffs dummy’s singleton club and 
exits with a spade lead. The only 
way for tbe defense to avoid con- 
ceding a fatal raff and discard is for 
North to lead a diamond, and that 
destroys the potential diamond 
trick for tbe defense. 

So six clubs doubled is not a 
phantom save: It is the par con- 
tract, and neither ride can improve 
iL 


NORTH 

* KQ10 
05 

« K 96 4 

* Q 8 7 6 3 

WEST EAST 

* 9 72 AAS3 

A J 10 5 3 K Q 9 7 4 

OQJB5 6 A 1073 2 

+ J * — 

SOUTH (D) 

* J#54 

9 — 

*A K 10954 2 

East and West were vulnerable. 


New Yotk\ Brack 1 suggests that 
Ross made the “extraordinarily 
cold-blooded" decision to “protect 
himself, at aD cost,” by using bis best 
friend, Emmett, “as a buffer.” 

Emmett eventually received a 
suspended sentence in exchange for 
bis cooperation with prosecutors; 
Weiss was convicted and was sen- 
tenced to five years’ community 
service and a fine of $58,000. 

After discussing his resignation 
from the company, Emmett never 
spoke to Ross again; although be 
was “the doses! friend Ross ever 
had,” says Brack, he was not even 
invited to Ross’s funeral in 1992. 

On tbe second big contretemps 
in Ross’s career — the stunning 
collapse of Warner’s Atari video- 
game business, which would even- 
tually cost the company an estimat- 
ed $1 billion — “Master of the 
Game” is also damning. 

Brack says Ross's actions in that 
case were “suggestive of self-serv- 
ing manipulation,” “ignoring his 
executives' warnings about trouble 
at Atari,” “continuing to drive the 
stock with raves on Atari while the 
evidence of the slowdown, at least, 
was mounting” and personally sell- 
ing roughly $21 million worth of 
Warner stock just before its col- 


points to the paradoxes of the out- 
come. On one hand, she says, tbe 
merger enabled Ross to achieve his 
consummate ambition, making 
him bead of tbe largest media-and- 
entertainment company in the 
world. 

On the other hand, the deal — as 
it was finally worked out, in the 
aftermath of a $10.7 billion cash- 
tender offer from Paramount — 
also plunged Ross “into tbe very 
stuation He had tried diligently to 
avoid through most erf his business 
career," namely a huge debt burden 
(of $16 bQHonj that limited his op- 
tions and lessened his control. 

In tbe course of this book. Brack 
offers the reader lots of cameo 
of Steve Ross. Ross, “the 


glimpses 
last great 


st great pasha of American busi- 
ness,” sending the company plane 
across the country to bring Steven 
Spielberg’s dogs to East Hampton, 
New York, or back to New York 
City from the Caribbean to fetch 
some Nathan's hoi dogs. 

Brack tells us that Ross was a 
“complex, shuttered and compart- 
mentalized” man. She lefls us that 
he hated to be alone, that be hated 
hunts, that he never looked back 
and never looked inward. We’re 
told that his cherished image as a 
father figure to his colleagues be- 
lied his erratic relationship with his 
own children; that his warmth and 
charm belied an ability to cut off 
old friends and even family mem- 
bers with chilly aplomb; that his 
sesgpeurial air belied assorted inse- 
curities and fears. 

All this makes for provocative 
reading, but in tbe end we never 
really come to understand exactly 
what, beyond a vague desire to es- 
cape the poverty of his childhood, 
made Steve Ross run. As Brack 
acknowledges, “He remains some- 
what enigmatic, and some — prob- 
ably many — of his secrets remain 
undisturbed.” 


As for the Tune Warner deal, 
which placed Ross at the head of 
the $15 biflion company, Brack 


Michiko Kakutani is on the staff 
of The New York Times. 


Tbe bidding: 



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a’s 


intensely idiosyncratic songs 
caught on with the conformist ma- 
jority be despised. 

when Nirvana 'released its first 
album with a major label, “Never- 
mind," in 1991, all of show busi- 
ness was shocked. Without warn- 
ing. an ungl amorous cult sound 
became what one executive called 
a “get-oui-of-the-way-and-duck 
record,” knocking Michael Jack- 
son’s “Dangerous” out of number 
one and selling 10 milli on copies. 

Yet “Nevermind” was the an- 
tithesis of commercial pop: raw, 
abrasive, devoid of recording-stu- 
dio slickness and. in its unalloyed 
rage, genuinely dangerous. 

Mr. Cobain did have anti-es- 
tablishment politics of a sort. But 
when he announced “1 am a 
spokesman for myself” — point- 
edly rejecting tbe role of genera- 
tional mouthpiece — he wasn't 
being Flip. The subject or “Never- 
mind” and Nirvana's even harsher 
final album, “In Utero,” is private 
suffering, not public injustice. Im- 
ages of divorce, disease and self- 
loathing proliferate. Joy is virtual- 
ly absent. 

What makes the songs so affect- 
ing to a listener who isn't schooled 
in punk or grunge (and doesn't 
care to be) is their perfect pitch 
for naked anguish. Half the lime 
he is screaming tbe same unam- 
biguous phrase over and over 
again — “Stay away!" or “I do 
not want what I have got!” — 
until finally he trails off in ex- 
haustion (“Oh well, whatever, ne- 
vermind."). , 

The sound that comes from his 
voice and from his shrieking, feed- 
back-choked guitar is the pierc- 
ingly authentic cry of a child in 
torment — if not that of our own 
children (or so we hope), then 
maybe that of the children we 
once were, fleeing from warring or 
abusive parents, playground bul- 
lies, forces we couldn't yet under- 
stand. 

To label Kurt Cobain pally now 
— as a symbolic victim of success 
or drugs or rock nihilism or what- 
ever, nevermind — is to tune him 
out. But his primal -screams p f 
sheer pain, unsweetened by show- 
manship or sentimentality or even 
(to my taste) music, demanded a 
more direct and passionate re- 
sponse. 

Without prompting by hype; 
milli ons of Americans made that 
ultimate connection. If there were 
easy answers as lo why, it would 
not be so unsettling that his shat- 
tered voice, once heard, refuses to 
leave the ear. 

The New York Times. 


\ 


?«8 HE.R £.£ *«?■<? MET 


-*w 




j International Herald Tribune 
~ - Friday, April 15, 1994 
c * Page 10 








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New Berlin: Cranes Everywhere, and a Bustling Cultural Scene 


By Stephen Kinzer 

New York Times Service 

B ERLIN — Since the Berlin Wail 
came down nearly five years ago, 
the city has undergone profound 
changes. Most obvious is the build- 
ing boom that has turned many neighbor- 
hoods into a maze of cavernous boles and 
tall yellow cranes. More profound, however, 
has been Berlin's opening to the world. For 
years, this city was a fortified island, protect- 
ed , for better or worse, against the influences 
of the world that surrounded it Now, with 
the Wall gone and borders to the east open 
or nearly open, it is once again central Eu- 
rope's most cosmopolitan center. 

Some of the effects of this change are 
unpleasant. Poor refugees beg on the streets 
and crime has risen. But at the same time, 
cultural life has exploded. Foreign influ- 


ences are everywhere, and Berlin has shed 
much of the provincialism that reigned dar- 
ing the Cold War years. 


is at Potsdamer Platz, once the busiest traffic 
crossing in Europe. Devastated by wartime 
bombing, it was until a few years ago deso- 
late land, part of the heavily guarded “death 
strip” that divided east from west. Now it is 
an open plain about to become the conti- 
nent's largest construction rite. By the end of 
the decade it will be a city within a dty, an 
ultramodern complex of soaring corporate 
headquarters, apartment buildings, parks, 
shops and theaters. 

The grand cultural institutions for which 
Berlin is famous have maintained their worid- 
dass reputations. The undisputed king is the 
P hilharm onic Orchestra, which performs in a 
spectacular hexagonal hall designed by Hans 
Scharoun in the 1960s. Darnel Barenboim will 
be both conductor and pianist at a Mozart 


and Bruckner program on April 21, 22 and 
24; Claudio Abbado conducts Mozart and 
Brahms at a youth concert on April 26, and 
Pierre Boulez leads the orchestra m works of 
Stravinsky and Ravel from May 22 to 25. 
Seats cost $11 to $75; for information call 
254-880 (precede Berlin cambers with 49-30 if 
calling from abroad). . 

Another jewel in Berlin's cultural crown is 
the Sta&tsoper on Unfsrden linden. Spring 
Hi g hli g hts include “Die Zauberfl5te M by Mo- 
zart (April 22 and 30) and, for less tradition- 
al tastes, Alban Bergs “Wozzeck" (April 20, 
23 and 29). Ticket prices range from $4 to 
$60; 203-540. 

Of Berlin’s many museums, the one no 
visitor should miss is the Pergamon (1-3 
Bodestrasse); 20355-444. The centerpiece, 
though by no means the only stunning at- 
traction, is the giant Z200-year-old Perga- 
mon Altar dedicated to Zeus and Athena. 


THE M 9 TIE WISE 


Parson no ne m’aimo 

Directed by Marion Vemoux. 
France. 

So many things look as if 
they've gone wrong in Marion 
Vemoux’s first feature — the 
image is grimy, the color satu- 
rated, the characters and plot 
veer off course. It could have 
been one of those knotty, aggra- 
vating French films that even 
the French don't want to see 
these days. But this is one that 
got away: Vemoux has made a 
comedy full of surprises. Annie 
(Bernadette Lafont) has been 
ditched by both Lurien, her 
husband (Jean- Pierre LeaudJ, 
and Marie, her daughter (Lio); 


she drinks too much and looks 
too mudi her age to bounce 
back. Fran$oise (Bulk Ogicr). 
her weepy sister who combines 
face-lifts with a health-food re- 
gime, is feeling low too: Her 
husband has left with another 
woman. The sisters take off af- 
ter him in a camping car, and 
head north. From there on, the 
action rolls — never smoothly 
— to the tune of stormy weath- 
er and riotous encounters. Des- 
tinies meet up, characters gp 
through some North sea 
changes. The movie touches on 
the sensitive subject of how lov- 
ers, sisters, as well as parents 
and children, can miss out on 


SCATTERED SHOWERS THROUGHOUT THE BAR 

with intermittent cloudbursts in the billiard room. Not 
surprisingly, even the eldest among the assembled couldn’t 
recall it ever raining inside the hotel before. And thongb 
delighted to have tbc opportnniiy to offer ice, water or the 
Northeastern monsoon with their scotch, our barmen did begin 
to wonder how on earth they would keep the martinis dry. A 


mere drop in the bucket in 


^thc legend that is Raffles. 


AUM-ILLS ISITlimTtOAAlHQlIL XjSicSpSS'^r TEL:l»£>jn UU Mi. I«t U*1»5t 


each other, then magically con- 
nect (Joan Ditporu, IHT) 
Serial Mom 

Directed by John Waters. 
U.S. 

If you're going to build a career 
on bad taste, sooner or later 
yen'll have to tackle the most 
sacred icon of aU: motherhood. 
John Waters (“Pink Flamingos,” 
“Hairspray”) is the man to do it, 
for be sends up only what he 
deeply adores. In “Serial Mom" 
be takes to heart the idea that 
being the All-American mother 
is enough to drive a woman cra- 
zy. Kathleen Turner leaps into 
the role of Beverly SUtphin, 3 
Baltimore housewife with per- 
fectly bobbed hair, a dentist hus- 
band (Sam Waterston) and two 
t eena g e children with names that 
seem lifted from “Ozzie and 
Hamel'': Grip and Misty. But 
the strain of being a perfect mom 
is showing, for Beveriy has de- 
veloped a tendency to murder 
anyone who gets on her nerves. 
The movie is milder than its pre- 
mise makes it sound. But there 
are still some disgusting mo- 
ments, including a dose-up of 
what looks like a human liver 
skewered on a fireplace poker. 
Waters hasn’t lost bis sense of 
values. (Caryn James, NYT) 


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Directed by Andrew Fleming. 
V.S. 

It’s not every day a movie at- 
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“Jules and Jim" and “Porky's." 
So, in that sense, “T h rees o me," a 
coed love triangle featuring Lara 
Flymt Boyle, Josh Charles and 
Stephen Baldwin, deserves dubi- 
ous distinction. Beyond that, 
thae's nothing to celebrate. 
Writer-director Andrew Flem- 
ing's debut feature wants to be a 
tender, affecting twentysometh- 
ing dramedy about emerging 
sexuality. Bui oa a more blatant, 
in-your-face level, “Threesome" 
takes its pleasure in genitalia 
jokes and doacal yuks, it also 
salivates ewer female breasts. 
For all the movie’s bawdy aban- 
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c ha racter Eddy. After going to 
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than resolving matters. When 
the roommates find themselves 
in a compromising situation 
Fleming puts on the brakes. Af- 
ter all, (me has to draw the line 
somewhere. 

(Desson Howe, WP) 


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in toil Tel: (33-lj 46 37 93 K 
or toe (33-1) 46 37 93 70. 


Brought intact from Asia Minor in 1902, it is 
one of the wonders of the ancient world 

Beilin is a great city for walking. An 
excellent public transit system connects the 
far-flung neighborhoods, and in nearly every 
part of town, visitors who leave the subway 
and wander will be rewarded 

The classic stroll in western Beiim is along 
the glittering Knrfurstendamm, the city's 
main shopping boulevard, and its extension, 
Tauentzzemtrasse. Start at Wittenbergplaiz, 
dominated by the KaDeWe department 
store (and fortify yourself in the amazing 
gourmet cafeteria on the top floor), then 
proceed past department stores, galleries, 
caffes ana boutiques, not forgetting to ex- 
plore the cross-streets. 

In the east, the essential walk is along the 
city’s most historic avenue, Unter den Lin- 
den, which runs two miles from the Branden- 
burg Gate to Alexanderplatz. Here are many 
elegant buildings from past centuries, in- 
cluding the old opera house, the Berlin Ca- 
thedral and Humboldt University, where 
Finxtein, Max Planck and other titans once 
walked the corridors. Near the Brandenburg 
Gate is the Reichstag, once and future home 
of the German parliament, which the Con- 
ceptual artist Christo plans to wrap in a 
mini on square feet of silver fabric next year. 

The vibrant “alternative scene" can be 
sampled along two similarly named streets 
on opposite sides of the city: Oramenstrasse 
in the west near the Kottbnsser Tor subway 
station in the Kreuzbergarea. which is lined 
with bookstores, art studios and caffes, and 
Oranienbuiger Strasse in the east, half a mfle 
north of Friedrichstrasse Station. The 
street's attractions include the multimedia 
Tachdes cultural center, at Nos. 53 to 56, 
and the newly restored synagogue, at No. 29, 
resplendent with its gold-inlaid dome. 

Veteran restaurateurs complain that Ber- 
liners seem to be losing their taste for Ger- 
man food, preferring to sample the daz zl in g 
array of ethnic restaurants that have sprout- 
ed in every part of the dty. 

It is still possible, naturally, to enjoy fine 
German cooking here. One excellent spot is 
the formal but charming MaqeDdhen, featur- 
ing die food of what was once East Prussia (9 
Moramsenstrasse; 883-2676). Specialties in- 


clude bwkwi eel, herring in apple cream sauce, 
and peak stew with plums and dumplings. 

Another fine choice is Starch (54 Wart- 
burger Strasse; 784-2059). a popular gather- 
ing place for young professionals, which of- 
fers dishes like smoked wurst with 
sauerkraut ari/t delicate thin-crusted pizza 
appetizers. At both establishments, dinner 
for two with wine is about S70. 

Among the non-German restaurants that 
Berliners increasingly favor, Katschkol (84 
Pestaloscdstrasse; 312-3472) offers Afghani 
rielicaetKs- Diners may sit on cushions on the 
floor if they wish. A feast for two, including 
skewers of meat and various kinds of rice 
and vegetables, costs $40 without drinks. 

Even more elaborately decorated is Sala 
Thai (112 Kaiserdamm; 322-4880), which 
saves the dt/s best Southeast Asian spe- 
cialties, among them excellent chicken- and- 
coco nut- milk soup. Dinner for two is about 
S65 with beer or wine. 

Of the hundreds of Turkish restaurants, 
one of the best is Diyar (9 Dresdener Strasse; 
615-2708), where two people can eat for $50 
with beer or wine. 

Diners an a budget should not miss the 
Schlemmer Pylon, at the corner of Tauenl- 
zienstrasse and Maiburger Strasse, which 
serves hearty soups and sandwiches and the 
dty*s best fruit jukes (try the Hawaii, made 
from red boss, pineapple, lemons, apples and 
carrots). A meal with juke is less than $10. 

On tiie hotel front, a newer choice in the 
residential WHmersdorf section is the 109- 
room Queens, at 14 Gtintzelstrasse, 870-241, 
fax 861-9326. A double room at the hold, 
which is part of a German drain, is $155. 

EE IE Till \ 


■ Mattel is going to market a Nancy 
Kerrigan doll in time for the Christmas 
sbopjSng season. Back to the future: 
After aD, Barbie in her 30 years has gone 
from looking like a curvy girl-next- 
door to looking like a glam version of 
Tonya Harding. 


Berlin is an expensive dty, and even budget 
hotels are not cheap. Two plea^t^wies, in- 

f first endamm, are i the 28-room Lehz, 8 ■“ 
Xantener Strasse, 881-5158, fax 881-5517 
(double with, breakfast $140) and the 50-room - 
Chariot, 17 Gksebmscfatstrasse, 3234051, fax 
324-0819 (double with breakfast 5125). 

There is more to do at night in Beriin than -• 
in almost any other city in the world. 


F OR das&k cabaret, the best spot is ~ 
a mirrored teat called Bar Jeder 
Veflninft (25 Schmerstrasse; 883- ~ 
1582). From April 13 to 30, except . 
on Mondays and Tuesdays, the performer ' 
wifi be one of. Germany's most popular and \ 
unusual divas, Georgette Dee, who is a man : 
but appears , in a long black dress fra: a ; 
program of sentimental and melancholy love ' 
songs- After the show, piano nmsic continues 
untif dawn. Tickets arc $20. 

The hottest jazz dub in town is an always „ 
crowded, smoky cellar called Quasimodo ' 
(12A Kants trasse, 312-8086; cover from .' 
none to $20). Local musicians alternate with * 
prominent visitors tike the British soul singer ; 
Queen YflliitA* who sppc&is April 22 &n d 23, 
and the saxophonist Nat Addedey. who will 
take the stage on June 6. Another popular 
jazz dub, where unlike the Quasimodo it is - 
usually possible to find a seat, is A-Trane (l ; 
Bhabtreostrassc 313-2550). 

One of the city’s most interesting theaters is ' 
the Hebbd (29 Stresemannstrasse; 259-0040), _ 
which offers, unusual or experimental pieces 
frorn around tbe^ world. Gypsy music is schetf - ' J 
ukd for April 23, and the Handspring Puppet _ 
Company from Johannesburg win appear 
from June i to 5. Tickets 112 to $27. 

The center of ethnic entertainment in Ber- . . 
lin is the state-supported Haus der Kulturen 
der Welt (10 John Foster Dulles ABee; 397- : 
870). Siberia’s White Reindeer dance troupe 
will appear there from April 15 to 17, and 


will perform on April 29. Tickets to both 
events are $11. An exhibition of African 
sculpture will open on April 29 and run until 
Ang. 7. Admission $5. 


Klein: Let’s Hear It for Women! 


By Suzy Menkes 

Ivunuofonal rienUd Tribune 


N EW YORK — Enough 
already of babes and 
girls — it is tune to 
stand up for women! 
That was the gist of the gutsy show 
sent out by Calvin Klein. His over- 
tbe-knee skirts, unadorned dresses 
and comfy cardigans took an un- 
equivocal stance on grown-up fash- 
ion. ll made the most powerful 

fir Firt Fsstin 

statement of the American fashion 
season. 

Donna Karan dosed the fall 
shows Thursday with what she 
called “a celebration of personal 
style from one woman to another " 
That meant using hips-and-all ma- 
ture women to make the unoriginal 
point that fashion does not have to 
be for young girls. 

Klein's parade opened with the 
Ldita-esque model Kate Moss in a 
plan black dress — the kind once 
worn by a French concierge or a 
librarian before intellectuals turned 
hip. The effect of the jusi-over-the- 
knee hemline with natural no-color 
legs and no fancy accessories was 
respectable. It was also respectful of 
women in an era of baby-doll 
clothes and trashy fashion. 

Not a buttock bounced into view, 
even when skirts were pleated and in 
gauzy fabrics. Finely crafted coals in 
htsh fabrics were modestly tailored 
to skhn the body and graze the knee. 

*Tm offended by women trying 
to look like children," Klein said 
after the show. “Women are beanii- 
fuL It is sensual to be a woman. It is 
cool It is modem." 

T HE atmosphere back- 
stage was hashed. Some 
clients looked shocked, 
although Klein’s wile, 
Kelly, lapped from neck to ankles 
in oyster cashmere, said that she 
was dying to tty ewytitingon. The 
photographers, seeing the end of 
bump-and-grind fashion, were visi- 
bly subdued. 

Klein took to the edge of dowdi- 
ness the plain dresses or suits with 
tidy jackets and skirts fluting like 
an inverted champagne glass below 
the knee. The fabrics were dull and 
mat: gossamer wools: tweeds 
speckled like a thrush’s breast; 
fluffy beige ribbed cardigans; an 


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Calvin Klein's flower-patterned, below-the-knee dress. 


T 


occasional print of flowers in whb- 
ered-leaf cokxs. 

Yet somehow through all the 
plainness shone a refinement and 
defiance. It came partly from the 
suwety of new proportions, so that 
a day dress would have a gently- 
raised waist or a jacket was given a 
curvy silhouette to counteract the 
longer hemlines. 

The skirt-length business made 
mailers nervous and they said, off- 
the-record, that it would be a lough 
sell. Yet Klein stressed that the 
length was insignificant, because 
modem customers (not to mention 
retailers) can make their own deci- 
sions about where to draw the hem- 
line. 

His own bold poa Lion expressed 
a refreshing view of women in a 
fashion world overwhelmed by 
tease and sieeze 

Karan made a poignant runway 
statement about “real” women, as 
apposed to supermodefe— not least 


because even professional beauties 
like Isabel Rossellini, Bianca Jagser 


awkward and beataoL But maybe 
that was the clothes. 

How should a woman fed when 
asked to take the spotlight in what 
loote tike a soggy lace-trimmed 
nightie or with an uplifting bra un- 
der her jacket? Much of the collec- 
tion seal out by Karan — patron 
saint of working women — was 
word. There were curvfly cut gray 
suits, pin-striped pants outfits and 
seaawe soft sweaters and cardi gans 
But there were also plenty of things 
not to wear on a bad-hair day. coals 

in screaroing neon colors like shock- 
ing pink and. orange (matching 
place-mat skirt optional); cr curvy 
coat dresses breaking into jagged 
handkerchief points at the hem 

The idea seemed to be tosoftm 
up career clothing — as Karan has 
done stylishly before. Bat the bra 
and butter-soft satin lingerie dress- 


es seemed to move the line loo far: 
firm Karan's customer base. The ' 
finale of cashmere sweaters with.; 
bigh-waisted ballgowns had some .. 
pizzazz. But Karan’s womanly;, 
crowd walking the runway seemed ; 
as bewildered as most women fed “ 
when faced with modem fashion. ... 

It was Richard Tylei’s misfor- 
tune to show his sassy, upbeat tai- 
loring after Klein’s New Woman, j 
manifesto. Tyler cuts a fine jacket 
— a curvy frock coat is his favorite 
*— ■ and Ms impeccable finish and. 
detail give his clothes polish. 

He is also a witty designer, giving' 
current trends extra zest, from the ‘ 
flirty skating skins rising high 1 ' 
above bared legs to the fake chin- - 
chilla t rimming s on silver velvet '■ 
and satin. The Australian-born Ty-'; 
ler brings a touch of British style to. 
American sportswear. That means; 
a penchant for frock and tnil mnig , 
Ibpping out at the back and a taint • 
whiff of thejoss-stick hippies in tit' ' 
dye velvet dresses. His fine tailor-" 
mg is his strong suit -i 

W HEN the bright bro- ; 

cades hit the runway - 
at the start of Scaaa’s'-; 
show, the culture . 
shock after Klein's quiet collection, 
was overwhelming. Yet certain 
women will find Senna's style reas-,1 
soring. He promotes preltmess. : 
glamour and the curvaceous female ’ 
form, protecting endangered fash- ' 
ion species Uke the sweetheart' 
neckline and the swelling bodice 
above a swirling bail skirt. Gowns . 
draped on the bodice or with tiny ; 
tucks and pleats were inspired by^ 
haute couture to celebrate the 10th 
torthday of Scassi’s ready-to-wear- 
line. 

Jhm is no denying the new con-'* 
fidence and vigor of Ameri can; 
fashi on — • although some of it 
misplaced. Only the big-name de- n 
signers bunched in the final three " 
days have produced strong coflec-- 
tions, as expected from micros-; 


llK’ 


lU- 


(y 

t* v • 


— — * ■"“***“ IT, , 

ine trends — mostly endorsing, 
the European collections have been-, 
ashag-pite of fake fur, a return of J 
bnght .color and shiny vinyl and an - 
ove riafl of skating skirts, which are; 
unconvincing except for jnntof; 
hues. The overall look is for Irigh- 
and a mum to womanly^ 
fifaniour — although Klein's pow- - 
enui show proved that even that; 
style » the better for being 
vented for the modern -world. 



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International Herald Tribune 
Friday, April 15, 1994 
Page II 


Mickey Mao’s Cafe and More in a Chinese Tourist Town 


By Thomas Fuller 

/ *»WWWM/ Herald Tribune 

Y ANGSHTJO China — Down the 
street from Mickey Mao's caffe, 
just past MacDonalds, is Yanfr 

suit at s?sn TT? 0b i^ y l ImL Rooms there 
S Z22J* , Hard Rock caffe next 
cents. ^ 11011165 of ice-cold beer for 25 

h °r leIs 510(1 restaurants are a 
? spoof and copyright infringe- 
this a k^H*. llle only genome articles in 
^southern [Chinese towStf 20.000 are the 

tbTpS® 1 kmeSloce P 6 *** **»* surround 

ji ’2S ee visitors a year sail down the 

adn S re *«“ and almost all 
' harit at Yangshuo in an amphibious 
operation that might have impressed Dwight 


Eisenhower. The tourists — most of them 
Chinese — buy a few trinkets in town before 
they are whisked away by bus back to their, 
hotels in nearby G udin (home of die real 
Holiday Inn). 

But lor the handful of viators who choose 
to stay in Yangshuo for more than 45 min- 
utes, the town offers — once the package 
tourists have come and gone — a peaceful 
respite from the hassles of individual travel 
in China, especially for those who do not 
speak Chinese. Menus in Yangshuo are in 
English and the customer is usually right. 

- A favorite activity here is to rent a bicycle 

— Chinese mountain bikes cost 50 cents a 
day — and to explore the surrounding coun- 
tryside. Local roads wind between peaks and 
terraced hills, scenery many Chinese call the 
most beautiful in C hina. In the foreground, 
men plow flooded rice paddies with water 
buffaloes, duck herders chase their flock. 


and dozens of farmers, ankle deep in mud, 
stoop to pick weeds. The misty half-bare 
peaks provide the backdrop. 

Most of the limestone formations have 
names, many of which undoubtedly lose 
something in translation: “Ydlow Cloth in 
the Water H3T; “Grandpa Watching Apple 
Hill"; and my favorite, “Eight Supematurals 
Crossing the River HltL" 

Another attraction in Yangshuo is wit- 
nessing the daily invasion. Right around 
noon, local menhants man their battle- 
ments: There are about 1,000 souvenir stalls 
and shops in Yangshuo according to the 
town’s tourist office; the figure seems only 
slightly exaggerated. 

A few scouts stand on a bluff overlooking 
the river, eager to spot the first convoy. The 
attack is two-pronged, coming from gaudy, 
made-for-tounst river boats. Some have plas- 
tic imitation pagoda roofs, others blue- tm ted 


An Apartment Away From Home 


By Roger Collis 

International Herald Tribun e 

N EXT time you need a hold room 
— especially for more than a few 
days — - consider the apartment 
alternative: a two-room suite for 
? to 50 percent less than the cost of a 
standard double room in a hotel of the «nv 
quality. Don’t expect a big, fancy lobby, res- 
taurants, concierge, a host of beflmen, round- 
the-aock room service, or the other trapp ing s 
of a traditional hotel which travelers always 
pay for but may seldom use. 

‘‘We’re waving the flag for this new sector, 
which has grown substantially in the last two 

Fh Frtfifit Tnrehr 

years as an alternative to a hotel,” says 
Charles McCrow, managing director of The 
Apartment Service; based in London. ‘Terms 
can be confusing. We call the category ser- 
viced apartments; in the United States, where 
the concept began, they’re called, all-suite 
holds” or extended-stay hotels; in France 
they are residences hdteli&res. Some hotels 
have marketed apartments as upgrades to the 
room and called them suites — so in some 
countries they’re called apaitmmt suites. You 
can sometimes get one-night bookings; but 
most apartments prefer at least a week; for 
others it’s a minimum of three months. 

“What is fundamentally different between 
apartments and normal hotel suites is that 
you have a kitchen or kitchenette and refrig- 
erator so that you can bring in your own 
food and drink at supermarket prices. The 
extras you save are huge.” 

No more 530 dub sandwiches and rip-off 
prices with millibars. And telephone sur- 
charges are far lower than those al bptel*. 
You also enjoy the freedom, privacy' and 
space of a place that feels perhaps a little like 
home. Extra space begins to matter when 
you're either constantly on the road or con- 
stantly in one place. Two executives who 
share a twin-bedroom suite can save 40 per- 
cent over the cost of two hotel rooms. And 
women travelers can do business without 
the awkwardness of bringing them into a 
bedroom. 

Apartments range from studios — one 
room serving as bedroom and lounge — to 
one- to three-bedroom apartments with a 
separate lounge and en suite bathrooms, all 
equipped with direct-line phone and fax and 
cable and satellite TV and VCR. The kitchen 
will normally contain a cooker-microwave; 
refrigerator and freezer, and perhaps a dish- 
washer. You should expect maid se rvic e at 
least every second day. Most apartments 
have a 24-bour security desk. And you may 
get a grocery-shopping service. 

“People often ask the question what is the 
difference between regular hotel suites and 
our ‘extended stay* suites?” says Dee Dee 
Docben, director of marketing programs for 
Residence Inn by Marriott, in Washington. 
“The answer is fully equipped kitchens — 
and I'm not talking about a kitchenette. 
“After the ‘me-deeade,’ people have be- 


come much more concerned about their fam- 
ilies, the environment, how can I improve 
the quality of my space ? Not so muck based 
on extravagance but convenience and practi- 
cality. This trend comes into holds with 
space. We have a lot of space. Even the 
smallest room is 50 percent larger than the 
traditional hotel room. People too are 
health-conscious, tired of eating out Some- 
times you just want a nice salad or piece of 
chicken and do it the way you like it” 

Residence Inn has 184 properties in the 
United States. Rates start at S75 per night for 
a studio, and decline the longer you stay. For 
this you get a grocery-shopping service (just 
leave a list in the morning) and Continental 
breakfasts, use of pool and sports amenities, a 
complimentary dinner one wieeknight, and 
daily maid service. There is no access for 
credit card calls. 

“We draw from three main categories of 
extended-stay traveler,” Dochen says. “Re- 
location: people looking for a new house or 
starting a new job; training: both interna- 
tional and domestic, two to three weeks; and 
the largest is special projects and temporary 

With an apartment instead 
of a hotel, you enjoy 
freedom and privacy and 
have a sense of space . 

assignments like auditing, and setting up a 
new office. Average length of stay is 14 
nights for domestic travelers and 26 nights 
for an international guest.” 

Other major apartment chains in the Unit- 
ed Stales are Embassy Suites (103 proper- 
ties); Oakwood Corporate Apartments (45 
properties) for minimum stay of a month; 
and Guest Quarters Suite Hotels. 

The main apartment chains in Europe are, 
predominantly French-based: Orion (31 
properties), which has opened apartments in 
Brussels and London; Pierre & Vacances (53 
properties), and Gtadines Residences Hdte- 
lifcres (19 properties), which plans to open 
properties in London, Barcelona, Berlin and 
Brussels during 1994. 

It’s often difficult to track down the right 
apartment for your needs, in a city you are 
visiting. This is because the category is so 
ill-defined (ranging from hotel suites to 
long-let furnished flats), and because travel 
agents think mainly in terms of traditional 
hotels. 

The best sources are local tourist authori- 
ties. But two very useful guides are: “The 
All-Suite Hotel Guide,” for the United 
States; and “The 1994 Guide to Serviced 
Apartments,” published in March by The 
Apartment Service. The latter lists more 
than 80 properties in 28 European cities, 
plus details of some chains in Australia, 
Canada, South Africa and the United 
States. 


W HILE in Madrid, the Aparta- 
mentos Plaza de Espafia rents 
studio apartments for 18,700 
pesetas (about S135) per night 
and one-bedroom apartments for 24,000 pe- 
setas, compared with the Meha Madrid Ho- 
ld, which charges 33,125 pesetas normal rate 
for a superior double, or 25,705 pesetas at 
the corporate rate. 

When you don’t fed Hke using your kitch- 
en, you can usually find a local restaurant to 
deliver food to your apartment An enter- 
prising firm called Room Service will deliver 
meals from 23 restaurants in London, rang- 
ing from American and Italian to Indian and 
Lebanese. You pay the restaurant prices plus 
a s mall delivery charge. They will even pick 
up supplies from the tiqnor store on the way 


With service like this, who needs a hotel? 

‘*The 1994 Guide to Serviced Apartments 
free from The Apartment Service, teb (44 81) 
7484207, fax : (44 81) 748-3972; “All-Suite 
Hotel Guide, ” Lanier Publishing Internation- 
al, P. O. Box 20429, Oakland, California 
94620; U. SL, available at bookstores for 
$14.95; Room Service, Deliveries London, let 
(71) 586-5800, fax : (71) 586-1222. 


windows. On board, the crews are dressed in 
clean and pressed navy-blue sailor uniforms. 

The fust contingent disembarks at the 
downstream dock, a boatload of Japanese 
and Americans. Battle cries fffl the air: “Hel- 
lo, postcards! Hello, sir, hello!” The tourists 
plunder as mod on-day Vikings might but 
they pay for their loot The hawkers double 
their prices as soon as the day’s first boat- 
load comes ashore. 


E VERYTHING from marble ash- 
trays to a book entitled “Six Essays 
on Military Affairs" by Mao Ze- 
dong are for sale. There are over- 
sized Chinese fans and dozens of different 
paperweights to chose from. Many of the 
European and American tourists — known 
here as big noses — are after the same thing 
their ancestors were centuries before: silk. 
Jackets, scarves and bathrobes, all in silk and 


most painted with Chinese characters, are 
thejjot items. 

Standing on the dock intercepting the 
tourists is a man with a muddied round 
fanner’s faaL He holds a pole with a cormo- 
rant on either aid. The birds are used by 
locals to catcb fish. They are launched from 
bamboo rafts, trap fish in their beaks and 
bring them back to the fishermen. The man 
on the dock is there to pose for the tourists 
and charges a negotiable 5 yuan (about 60 
cents) per photograph. 

In the height of summer, Zhang Jie of the 
Yangshuo tourist office reckons 100 boats 
disembark pa day. all between 1 P. M. and 3 
P. M. But once the tourists are carted off, life 
in town resumes its leisurely pace and the 
marble ashtrays are put away for the next 
day’s troops. 

Tourism has spawned more than just trin- 
ket stalls, however. Ten years ago, according 


to Zhan g, English was not offered in any of 
Yangshuo’s secondary schools. Today’ in 
addition to mandatory English clas se s, stu- 
dents can choose to study toward a .tourism 
degree as weO as being able to take privaie 
English lessons. 

With communication easy, meals are more 
enjoyable than in other Chinese cities where 
pointing to ingredients in a kitchen is some- 
times the only way to order food. Yang- 
shuo's restaurants nave adapted fast food to 
Western wants and for breakfast everything 
from French toast to ham and eggs are 
standard menu items. For lunch and dinn er 
there’s great Chinese food or a “Big Mao.” 
In the evenings, many of Yangshuo’s caffes 
have happy hours, where the price of beer 
drops to 17 cents a bottle. 

Yangshuo’s one hardship: It's difficult to 
spend money here. 


You’ll be able to find an apartment to 
match most categories of hotel from three to 
five star. Friendly Hotels, a three-star British 
chain, is developing serviced apartments in 
Bir mingham and Glasgow. “You should be 
able to save at least 25 percent on longer 
stays,” according to Henry Edwards, chair- 
man of Friendly, in London, adding that 
“the real bmefit is in the indirect savings, 
with your own fridge and cooker." 

The Grosvenor House (THFs flagship 
hotel) in London has 142 apartments for one 
night to one year. They are served by a 
private reception, and have fully equipped 
kitchens. Two people in a one-bedroom 
apartment pay £156 (about S234) per night. 
A three-bedroom apartment for up to five 
people only costs £295 a night 

A three-bedroom apartment at One Car- 
los Place (off Berkeley Square) costing 
£2,056 per week works out to about £98 per 
room per night This is less than half the cost 
of the Connaught across Lhe road, where a 
double costs £258 a night- At the lower end 
of the market a studio apartment at Nell 
Gwynn House in Chelsea starts at £306 per 
week, or £44 a night. A double room in a 
three-star hotel in that area win cost you 
about £75 a night 

A studio for two at the three-star Resi- 
dence limes Square in the Montparnasse 
section of Paris, costs 750 francs (about 
$128) a night which compares with 1,650 
francs for a double at the Hfltel Mferidien 
Montparnasse. 

The Residence Big in the center of Milan, 
offers a one-bedroom apartment at 178,600 
lira (about SI 10) per night against a going 
rate in comparable hotels of more than 
400,000 lira for a double (290,000 lira at the 
corporate rate.) 


if i M.UC Ei M99 irufl mu 

-v iai Jir ^ iai 



Carrier/Hotel 
AIR CANADA 


AIR LANKA 
AMERICAN AIRLINES 


BRITISH AIRWAYS 


CATHAY PACIFIC 


Location 

Canada/United States 


London to Dubai 
London to New York 


Hong Kong to Penang 


HYATT REGENCY 


JAPAN AIRLINES 


SAVOY HOTEL 


SOUTH AFRICAN 
AIRWAYS 


SOUTH AFRICAN 
AIRWAYS 


UNITED AIRLINES London to San Francisco Mfleage Plus members earn 5,000 extra bonus points lor round-trip 

travel in any class. Until June 30. 

Aanough the VtesBcfctt ptoott be szxrw travel agents mo) f to a uyaito to bock ttwni 


Jerusalem 


Europe to Japan 


United States to Scandinavia 
and Europe 


Australia/New Zealand 
to Scandnavia 


London 


Britain to South Africa 


Britain to South Africa 


London to United Stales 


Worldwide 


London to San Francisco 


Double mileage points for Aeropfan frequent-flier members flying 
between Montreal and Los Angeles or between Toronto and San 
Francisco before April 20. 

Two-for-one when you buy business-class round-trip. Until June 30. 

AAduantage members earn 5,000 bonus miles on flight AA1 15 lea- 
ving Heathrow at 8:25 A.M. arriving JFK at 11 :10A.M. UntilJune14. 

Executive Club members flying on domestic routes (including * 
Channel Islands and Ireland) earn double Air Mites. Until April 30. 

“Penang Spectacular” package including economy-class round-trip 
from Hong Kong to Penang, Malaysia; four nights’ hotel accommo- 
dation with American breakfast, choice of three sightseeing tours, 
travel insurance, airport transfers, welcome drink, Cathay Pacific 
travel bag and 20 percent cfiscount on food and drink outlets in the 
hotel; costs from 4,180 Hong Kong doflars to 4,800 dollars ($540 to 
$620) per person. Untl Jtiy 31 , from selected travel agents. 

"Triple HT three-night package costing $324 per person in “deluxe* 
double includes half board (Israeli breakfast and “International 
Theme Dinner Buffet”), use of Jerusalem Spa Health Club and 

Orient Express nightclub, plus free Hertz car rental. 

■■ 

Join Hffleage Bank Europe to qualify for 3,000 mileage credits plus 
first-flight bonus of 7,000 mileage credts when you fly first- or busi- 
ness-class round-trip; plus triple mileage, giving three times the 
value of all mfleage credts — enough to earn an economy-class 
round-trip to Japan. Until June 30. 

Bustness-dass (full-economy) passengers to Rn land/Poland can 
choose a free one-night Executive Stopover in Stockholm or 
Copenhagen (hotel, dnner, breakfast and transfers) or a free one- 
week car rental. Untfl June 25. 

Upgrade to business class on Bangkok-Copenhagen/Stockhofm 
sectors costs $350 one way, saving $900 on one-way business 
fore. Until Dec. 31. 

“Savoy in Style" promotion: £300 ($450) for two on first night (£220 
for addtional nights) Includes an English breakfast, fruit, flowers, 
handmade chocolates, bottle of Champagne and dinner (without 
wine). Until May 31 and from July 1 1 to Aug. 30. 

First- and business-dass passengers from Heathrow or Manchester 
qualify for a free two-night stay at a Sun International Hotels resort 
at Sun City. Until June 30. 

Half-price tickets for an accompanying spouse for full-fare first- and 
business-class passengers. 

Full-fare economy- and busrness-dass passengers receive automa- 
tic upgrades. Untfl June 30. 

Frequent Flight Bonus program members qualify for a Goid Card 
after two trans-Atlantic round-trips, or 20,000 miles, to a 12-month 
period. Gofcf Card allows unlimited free upgrades for one year, sub- 
ject to availability. 


/// ms (cue 


w 


AUSTRIA 

Vienna 

Vienna Festival 1994, td: M6-1&- 
!% 76. May 6 to June 12: TrieFestw^ 
- opens with Johann Strauss s Die 
Flederniaus," followed by Mozarts 
"Die Nozze di Figaro. cpn^ctedby 
Claudio Abbado. and Glucks Ipfj- 
oenie en Tauride. conducted by 
?homas Hengelbrock. More toan50 
concerts will take place in theGolden 
Mail of the Musikverem, with guest 
performances by the andthe 

Berfin philharmonics. 

Symphony Orchestra, the 
National de France unrtertoe batons 
of Carlo Maria Giulmi, Pierre Boulez 
and Seiji Ozawa. 

Kunsthtetorisches Museum, tel. 52 
177. closed Mondays. Contmu 

ing/To May 29: Sfiif 

Pnma Donna del Mondo. 
naissance princess <1475-1 
patron and I connoisseur^ l art. em- 
ployed such artists as Leonardo, Pie- 

rroPerugino and ij£h£ 

quired the works of others, suen as 

Michel angelo. _ 

BELGIUM 

Palais das Beaux- Arts, tel: (2) 507- 

"Le Jardin Ctos de lAw. 
works of art «mm««ned bythe 

semimonastic assoaatforsofwonw 
in the Low Countries 
13th and the 1 7{h eenfti^ Ind *** 5 
paintings, retab les and textiles. 

BRIT AM* 

Academy of Arts. «* ( 7 » 

■i5ap7«rs. 1 -5tgg i a 

ing/To June 1 ^ £S£t=naie peint- 
Fantasy." Features smaJh^ste 
tHo surviving oil p™ nt 


ish Royal Tapestry n *** , . 
lor some of his relKyous works. 

many portraits. 

GarSngton Opera .Kernel fax) 
636. Stoking by 

^1?^0.The s P i ^gyjl| 

conducted by Elgar Howarth t June 


17, 19, 24, 29, July 3 and 6 ); Rossi- 
ni's “Barbiere di Stvfglia." directed 
by Jamie Hayes and conducted by 
Charles Peebles, (June 18. 22, 26, 
July 1 . 4, 6 and 9); Haydn's "L'liv 
contro Improwteo," directed by Ste- 
phen Medcaff and conducted by 
Wasfi Kani, (June 25, 28. 30. July 2. 
5. 7 and 10). 

FRANCE 

Marseille 

Centre de la Vieille Charitfe. tel: 91- 
56-28-38, dosed Mondays. To June 
12 : “Poemes de Marbre; Art des 
Cyclades dans la Collection Barbier- 
Mueller." Features 70 works in mar- 
ble and terra-cotta from the Cycla- 
des, deling from 3000 to 1 500 B. C., 
and cfiscovered in the 18th century. 
Parts 

jeu de Paume, tel: 42-60-69-69, 
dosed Mondays. To June 5: "Pier 
Paolo Caizolari." Sculptures and 
paintings by this member of the Arte 
Povera group of Italian artists, who 
used natural or organic materials. 
Musfee du Petit Palais, tel: 42-65- 
12 - 73 . closed Tuesdays. Continu- 
ing/To May 29: “L’Art des Sculp- 
teurs Tatnos: Chefs-d’oeuvre des 
Grandes Antilles Precolombiennes." 
Cult objects, statues, weapons and 
belts made by the aborigines hiring on 
Cuba. Puerto Rico and the Domini- 
can Republic, at the time of Christo- 
pher Columbus. 

hfcsdedes Beaux-Arts, td: 99788 - 
55-85. closed Tuesdays. Continu- 
Ing/To April 25: "De Purer _a Fne- 
iirtdv Quatre Steeles de Dessins 
Alternands.” Drawings from the Wsll- 
raf-Ricbartz Museum in Cologne ex- 
emplify diverse styles, from Reafism 
to Symbolism, from the Renaissance 

through the 19th century. 
SatoWSeniiain-eft-Laye 
Musfee des Antlquites Naborses. 
Em 34-51-53-65. closed Tues- 

To July 18: 'Ywcingaonx et 

SesJa." Artifacts from the GauBc pe- 
riod. including weepers, leweteand 
vases. The exhibition also includes a 
model of AM. w here Vaa r&MK 
was besieged and defeated by Cae- 
sar’s troops, as well as 19 th-oentury 
paintings celebrating the Arverm 
chieftain. 

^jJ^duSiin. tel: 88-75-48-00. Ja- 


nacek’s "Vec MaJoropu/os." Directed 
by Bernard Sobel, conducted by Ru- 
dolf Krecmer, with Sofia Larson. Stu- 
art Kale and Valentin Jar. May 13, 15, 
24. 26, June 3. 

QgHlAMY 

Berlin 

Deutsche Oper, tel: (30) 3-41- 
0249. Josi Meier's "Dreyfus: Die Al- 
tare." Directed by Torsten Fischer, 
conducted by Woldemar Nelsson 
with Paul Frey, Barry McDaniel and 
Atmee Willis.' May 8, 11. 17. 25, 27, 
June3. 

Co lo g ne 

Museum Ludwig, let (221)221-23- 
79, dosed Mondays. April 1 6 to July 
10: "Der Unbekannte Modigliani: Die 
Sammlung Paid Alexandre." Fea- 
tures more than 400 drawing and 
waterouiois created by Modigliani 
between 1907 and 1914, and bought 
by Paul Alexandre, who became the 
artist's patron upon his arrival In Paris 
in 1906. 

Darmstadt 

Darmstadt Staatstheater. tel: 
(6151 ) 28-1 1 - 325 . A world premiere 
of Antonio Safari's •’CatiBna." com- 
posed in 1792, which fa political 
reasons was never performed. The 
opera is directed by Reinhard von der 
Than nan, conducted by Stephan 
TetzJaff with Alexander Stevenson or 

Doyle Wlkxsc as the Roman politician 

and conspirator. April 16. 19. May 4, 
7. 13. 18 and 27. 

ISRAEL 

Jerusalem 

The Israel Museum, tel: (2) 708- 
811. open daily. To Aug. 26: “Back 
to the Shleti: An-Scy and the Jewssh 
Ethnographic Expedition 1 912- 
1914. Life within the pale at sece- 
rnent before World war l, centering 
on objects collected by the ®fP ecfi ' 
lion and kept m the State Elhno- 
yaphic Museum in St. Petersburg. 

ITALY 

Florence 

Magglo MusJcaJe Ftorentmo, teh 


Mehta, baflef performances, aneve- 
ning of Japanese opera directed by 


Robert WBson, and symphony con- 
certs. 

Prato 

Centro per I ’Arte Contemporanea 
Luigi Pecci, tel: (574) 570620, 
dosed Tuesdays. To May 16: “Fel- 
lini: l Costumi e le Mode." Features 
costumes from Fellini's films, as well 
as a series of other designers' cre- 
ations showing FelBni’s Influence. 

JAPAN 

Tokyo 

Museum of Modem Art Saftama, 
teh (48) 824-0111, d06ed Mondays. 
To May 5: 'The Victoria & Albert 
Museum: British Design at Home." 
Drawtegs, furniture, wallpaper, post- 
ers andlndustrial designs tradng the 
trends In British design from the late ■ 
19th century to the present. 

Suntory Museum of Art, tel: (3) 
34701073. dceed Mondays. To May 
8 : “Kosode Byobu: A Kaleidoscope 
of Early Modem Kimonos." More 
than 100 Edo-period kosode kimo- 
nos. 

NORWAY 

Oslo 

Astnip Feamley Museet for Mo- 
dems Kunst, tel: (2) 22-9360-60. 
April 16 to Oct 9: “Double Reality. 
Features English figurative paintings 
by Ludan Freud. David Hockney. 
Francis Bac on and Leon Kossoff. 

SPAIN 

Madrid 

FundadOn Juan March, tel: 435- 
4240. open daily. To June 26: 
“Isamu Noguchi: El Escuttor de Jar- 
dines." A retrospective of 58 sculp- 
tures of the Japanese- bom artist, 
who combined western and Eastern 
traditions in his works. 

Palma de Mallorca 
PUndacto rear i Joan MirO a Mallor- 
ca, tel: 71-70-14-20. dosed Mon- 
days. To May 27: "Zapatos Usados 
and TaJleres de Artistas. A coflec- 
IJon of shoes belonging to famous or 
unknown artiste, along with repro- 
ductions of their studios. Shoes be- 
longing to MirO, Keith Haring, Andy 
Warhol and Salvador Dali could be 
ottamed from the Institutions manag- 
ing their estates aid appear with foot- 
wear contributed by Arman and Ce- 
sar, among others. 


SWITZERLAND 

Geneva 

Musfee Barbier-Muefler, tel: (22) 
312-02-70, open daily. To Aug. 30: 
"Arts Royaux du Cameroon." Stat- 
ues, doors, seats, vessels and pipes 
from western Cameroon, from private 
European collections. 

Lausanne 

Musfee de L’Bysfee, tel: (21) 617- 
48-21, dosed Mondays. To May 29: 
“La Main de L'Homme." A display of 
photographs by Sebastiao Salgado 
on the conditions ol manual workers 
throughout the world. 


UNTIED STATES 

Fort Worth 

Kimbefl Art Museum, tel: (817) 
332- 8451 . cfosed Mondays. To April 
1 0: "Lodovtco Carrad, 1 555-1 61 9: A 
Retrospective." One of the founders 
of the Bologna Academy in 1585 10 
revive the canons of classical art. 
Carrad painted mainly large altar- 
pieces. His works show rhythmic pat- 
terns heightened by dramatic con- 
trasts of Bght aid shade. 

New York 

Cooper-Hewttt Museum, tel: (212) 
860-6868. closed Mondays. To June 
14: "Packaging the New: Design and 
the American Consumer 1925-75." 
A study of the intricate bond that has 
developed between consumers, mar- 
keters, manufacturers and designers, 
includes some of the zany products 
produced in tire ’30s. such as lhe 
Kodak camera that came equipped 
with compact and lipstick. 
Metropolitan Museum of Art tel: 
(212) 570-37-91. closed Mondays, 
to July 31 : "Petrus Christus: Renais- 
sance Master of Bruges.” Features 
the works of 15th-century Dutch 
master Petrus Christus, including 22 
paintings which are remarkable for 
their luminosity, six drawings and an 
illuminated manuscript 

Washington 

National Museum of American Art 
MI: (202) 357-2840, open daily. 
Continuing/To Aug. 7: "Thomas 
Cote: Landscape in History." A retro- 
spective of 70 landscapes and alle- 
gorical history paintings by the “la- 
ther of the Hudson River school of 
landscape painting." 


Welcome 


WITH A SMILE! 


destinations 


countries 

and 


continents 


Genuine care for your safety and comfort. 
Delicious dishes, delectable cuisine to touch the heart of 
the most discerning passenger. 

• 

Welcome to a whole new world! 

A world of miles and friendliness. 


Biman Bangladesh natures 


«8fse.s 2.C q'er tLi 




w;- 


v* >■. 

jS 

































































I • 




International Herald Tribune, Friday, April 15, 1994 



Page 13 



the TRIB INDEX: 1 10.81 B 

Sta* Index ®‘ com P° S8d °* 
by Btoomberg entries, compiled 



Asia/Pacific 


Appro*, •editing: 32% 
Qose: 129.43 Prav.: 130,10 


Approx, welgrting: 37% 
Close: 111 JOPtCTm 112J56 


is .• +4*~J'!zk\~-. • \ $r 5i.il 


L.itin America 


Approx. WQtgWng: 5% 
Ctosa iii67Piw^m4 


North Amprica 


Approx. vraigMing; 26% 
Close: 91.25 Prav.;90.0fl 


^rnmrnm 


The Index hacks U.S. dollar values of stocks in: Tokyo, Now York. London, and 
Argentina, Austraffe Austria, Belgium, Brad, Canada. Chile. Dorwnwfc, FMand, 
Franco. Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Mexico, Hrthartanda , Wow Zeeland, Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, deaden, Switzerland and Venezuela. For Tokyo, New York and 
London, the Index Is composed oftho 20 top Issues In terms of market ca pkaKut k m , 
otherwise the ten top stocks are tracked. 



Ford to Sell 
Thrift Unit 
But Retain 
Real Estate 

Bloomberg Business News 

DEARBORN, Michigan — 
Ford Motor Co. said Thursday ii 
had agreed to sell its unprofitable 
First Nationwide financial Corp. 
subadiaiy for SI. 1 billion to Madi- 
son Financial lnc_. a Dallas-based 
company that is said to have ties to 
the New York-based investor Ron- 
ald O. Perdman. 

As a remit, Ford said it would 
take an after-tax charge of $440 
million against its first-quarter 
earnings, to be released on or about 
April 27. 

The sate is expected to be com- 
pleted withm six months, pending 
federal regulatory approval, the 
automaker said. As part of the 
agreement, Ford will retain about 
$1-2 billion of commercial real es- 
tate and other assets of First Na- 
tionwide. 

Ford has had First Nationwide 
up for sale since November 1 993. It 
acquired the San Francisco-based 
thrift association in 1985 for $493 
million as part of a plan to turn the 
No. 2 American automaker into a 
financial powerhouse and to diver- 
sify into less cyclical businesses 
than automobiles. 

First Nationwide has more than 
SI billion in delinquent loans. It is 
the oily unprofitable unit of Ford’s 
Financial Services Group, which 
also includes Ford Motor Credit 
Carp., Associates Corp. of North 
America and USL Capital. 

Fust Nationwide has had losses 
totaling $199.4 million since 1990, 
including a S55 million loss in 1993. 
Problems with real estate loans, 
primarily in California the 
Northeastern United States, con- 


| Industrial SeotprS;'' . 


Thu. 

Prw. 

% 


THl 

PlML 

% 


dm 

dan 

chnga 


don 

don 

drag* 

Energy 

10954 

10BJ7 

4&80 

Capital Goods 

110£5 

11132 

-0£0 

IKHes 

119.52 

120.40 

-0.73 

Raw materials 

122.70 

123-34 

-0^2 

Ranee 

116.57 

117.42 

-0.72 

Consumer Goods 

9535 

96.09 

-025 

Services 

115.90 

1 16-60 

-0.60 

MsceBaneous 

125 31 

126-55 

-033 


For more tnftJrniafton about the Index, a booklet is avaBabte free of charge. 

Write to Tito Index, 181 Avenue Charles de GatOe, 3Z521 Netty Codex France. 


e. For Tokyo. No w Yak and Northeastern United States, con- 
uma at market copkaStabon, w First Nationwide’s 

losses. 

Separately, Ford said it would 
Tim. pm % buy the 46 percent of the car-rental 

. — tkm dMfl> concern Hertz Corp. that it did not 

110.65 11132 -030 already own, from the Swedish 

12270 12334 -032 “rtomaker Volvo AB — which 

: owns 26 percent — and a Hertz 

95.85 9639 -035 management group. 

12537 12635 -033 Volvo said Ford was paying it 
. 5145 mflfian for the 26 percent 

inS’C^Lks. slake. AFori £!ined 

to say bow mud: Ford was paying 

©WamaijoneJ Har*w Trfixjna for the Hertz stakes. 


WALL STREET WATCH 

Compaq Is Staying Aloft 


By Steve Lohi 

New York. Times Service 

N EW YORK — With investors sudden- 
ly skittish about technology stocks, a 
personal-computer company whose 
share price has more than doubled in 
eight months would seem ripe for a fall 
But that isn’t happening to Compaq Computer 
Corp-, partly because market analysts remain high 
on the stock. They are surprisingly optimistic 
about Compaq’s outlook over the next year — 
which amounts to an eternity in an industry where 
corporate fortunes can be reversed overnight. 

The stock, although below its 52-week high of 
$105,625 reached a week ago, rose $1.75 a share to 
$100 in Thursday trading. 

Analysts such as Ludanoc Painter of Salomon 
Brothers and David Wu of S.G. Warburg say 
Compaq’s share price may well reach $120 or so 
over the next six to 12 months. And William 
Gurley at CS First Boston Corp. thinks the stock 
could go as high as $150 in the next year. 

The consensus estimate for Compaq’s first-quar- 
ter warnings, to be reported next week, is $1.70 a 
share, up 38 percent from the year-earikr quarter, 
acccading to First Call Coip. For 1994 as a whole, 
profit is expected to be up more than 30 percenL 
Tbc reason? More than any other company, 
Compaq has retooled its business model enabling 
itrosell to every slice of the PC market and make a 
decent profit doing so, despite price wars. 

“Compaq has the position everybody else would 
like to have,” said Philippe de Marcillac, director 
for personal computer research at Data quest Inc. 

Compaq's profit margins have held steady oyer 
the last five quarters. In the fourth quarter, for 
example. Compaq's operating margin — profit as a 
percentage of revenue before taxes and interest 
Spots!?- was 10.3 percent. By contrast, Apple 


Computer Inn’s operating margin was 2.6 percent 
and Dell Computer Corp.’s, 3.7 percenL 

Compaq, which is based in Houston, has been 
able to maintain a respectable profit margin in spite 
of a drive to increase market share. In 1993, its share 
of the worldwide personal computer market was 8 5 
percenL more than double its 3-5 percent two years 
earlier, International Data Corp. estimates. 

This year, analysis predict Compaq's sales will 
grow ai twice the industry’s rate, allowing it to 
surpass Apple Computer Inc. as the second-largest 
company m the industry, after IBM. 

Analysts point to a product announcement ex- 
pected next week as an example of Compaq's 
strength. The company is believed to be ready to 
introduce top-of-the-linc models intended for 
business customers called the Deskpro XL line. 

The move in some ways is similar to other 
manufacturers’ upgrades to offer systems that use 
Intel Corp.’s high-speed 486 and Pentium chips. 

But with its research and design resources, ana- 
lysts say, Compaq has overhauled everything from 
chip sets to exterior casings in the new hoe. And, 
they add, the company is pricing the lower-end 
new machines $500 or more below the models of 
comparable performance that they would replace. 

“That wfll intensify competition in the premium 
lines of personal computers and narrow the price 
gap between prenrinm and midrange lines.” said 
Enc Lewis, manag er of personal computer hard- 
ware research for International Data. 

Analysis have one lingering concern: that pursu- 
ing the target set last year by Eckhard Pfeiffer, 
Compaq’s chairman, to become the biggest per- 
sonal computer-company by 1996 could under- 
mine Compaq’s profit and thus its stock price. 
Still, there is httle evidence of that to date. 

“Compaq is fi ring cm all cylinders,” said Todd 
Bakar, an analyst for Hambrecht & Quist Inc. 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


J.P. Morgan Hit 
By Rising Rates 

Btoomberg Business News 

NEW YORK — J-P. Morgan & Co. said Thursday that rising 
interest rates helped reduce its first-quarter operating profit by 20 
percent this year, indicating that most money-center UB. banks 
would have weak results for the period. 

Morgan, the fifth-largest U.S. bank, said its profit fell to $345 
million from 5432 million. Its revenue dropped 6 percenL to $1 39 
trillion, reflecting a 24 percent decline in trading and reduced interest 
income and underwriting results. 

Diane Gtossman, a Salomon Brothers Inc. analyst said that 
“virtually all” of the American banks with major trading operations 
“have admitted that annual comparisons will be difficult 1. Among 
these institutions are BankAmerica Corp.. Bankers Trust Co- Chase 
Manhattan Corp., Chemical Banking Corp. and Citicorp. 

J.P. Morgan, which is often one of the first banks to report its 
quarterly earnings, has shifted the most among the major institutions 
from a lender to a trader and underwriter. 

That strategy helped produce record profit of almost $1.6 billion 
in both 1992 and 1993. Ibis year has been a different story as interest 
rates rose in February and March. 

“Trading revenue is volatile,” said Charles Rockey, chief invest- 
ment officer at Ri Henhouse Financial Services in Radnor, Pennsyl- 
vania, which owns about 2.4 milli on J.P. Morgan shares, or about 1 
percent of the company. “They're just not going to make as much 
money in a rising interest-rate environment as in a falling interest- 
rate environment,” he said. 

First-quarter trading revenue fell 24 percenL to $356 million. 
Morgan is among the most active traders of foreign securities. Bonds 
of countries such as Brazil Mexico and Argentina got hit particular- 
ly in ApriL 

Bankers Trust said last month that rising rates and difficulties in 
U.S.-Japan trade talks (his year hurt some of its trading positions. 
On Wednesday, Hist Chicago Corp. said it had a $54 million loss 
trading emerging markets securities. Tbc loss caused a $25 million 
trading deficum the first quarter. 

Morgan also said its earnings declined because net interest reve- 
nue fefl 8 percent, to $397 million. Banks reaped record profits for 
the past two years from the wide gap between their lending rates and 
borrowing costs. That gap narrowed- in the first quarter, squeezing 
profit margins on Motgan's interest-earning assets to 1.26 percent 
from 1.55 percent at year’s end and 1.64 percent a year ago. 

Banks and brokerages face the same type of problem in the public- 
debt markets. The difference between yields on two-year and 30-year 
UJ5. Treasury securities, as wide as 3.69 percentage points in 
October 1992, narrowed to 1.9 points by the end of March. 


German Banks Foresee 
Insolvency for Developer 


By Brandon Mitchener 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Creditors of 
Dr. Jflrgen Schneider AG, a large 
German real estate developer 
whose owners vanished last week, 
said Thursday they expected the 
company to wind up in insolvency 
but they would try to secure the 
jobs for thousands still working on 
its projects. 

“On the basis of the information 
at hand, it is assumed that the 
group win not be able to stay in 
business for long,” the creditors 
said in a statement. 

After meeting for four hours be- 
hind dosed doors, some 40 banks, 
of whom Deutsche Bank AG is the 
largest creditor, said the Schneader 
group owed them 5 billion Deut- 
sche marks ($2.9 billion) involving 
75 properties and owed contractors 
throughout the country another 
250 million DM. 

Ga bride Eick, a member of the 
company’s board, said the banks 
were forming a coordinating group. 
“A framework has not been derid- 


mut Kohl had asked banks to be tors removed doors, windows, wir- 
mindful of their responsibility to mg and pipes from unfinished 
the thousands of people who de- buildings on fears that the 
pended on the company, which is Schneiders' company would gc 
one of Germany’s biggest private bankrupt, Deutsche Bank said it 
real estate concerns. had began to scrutinize other 

Mr. Schneider and his wife, who Schneider projects, 
disappeared last Thursday, were These include the Hold Rose in 
the only agnatoty authorities for Wiesbaden, near Fraukfur. Mr. 
the company, which is based north Kopper reportedly told Mr. Eichel 
of Frankfurt in Ktinigstem. Their the hotel and other expensive pro- 
disappearance paralyzed the com- jects across Germany were 
pany’s finan ces. “planned in a way that would never 

Regarding tbe whereabouts of turn a profit” 
her boss, Mrs. Eick said: “Dr. Oliver Kuhrt, managing director 
Schneider has not contacted us and of the hotel which is still under 
we do not know where be is.” - ‘ — 


Oliver Kuhrt, managing director 
of the hotel which is still under 
renovation, said its concept was 


ed yeC she said. 
The coordinalii 


The coordinating group is pre- 
pared “to make loans, up to certain 
limits, for management and per- 
sonnel costs,** said the statement 
published by tbe group. 

Earlier, Hans Eichd, premier of 
the state of Hesse, in which Frank- 
furt is located, told journalists that 
Hilmar Kopper, chairman of Deut- 
sche Bank, assured Him hanks 
would “complete projects already 
under way.” In most cases, the pro- 
jects provide collateral for the 
banks’ loans. 

On Wednesday, Chancellor Hel- 


Also Thursday, Frankfurt prose- solid. “It mixes residences and ho- 
cutors launched a criminal investi- ie) rooms, which is getting more 
gation into the allegations by Don- ^ n ^ common internationaJ- 
sche Bank that the Schneiders ly ” be said, 
faked rental contracts to secure a Vhe p]anaed fi ve -star hotel 
construction loan. would have been an attractive re- 

The loan involved 415 million mat foe trav eling executives, said 
DM toward the construction of a Mr. Kuhn, who until five months 
local shopping mail Los Facetles. ago was manage r of one of Germa- 
Though the sum is a tiny fraction ay’s finest hotels, the Hotel Rafael 
of Mr. Schneider’s estimated 10 bii- m Munich, 
lion DM in ouisranding debt, the offic^ meanwhile, 

bank’s allegation is the first formal 4 y banks kep t giving 

rbaige agamst the couple since Kir. Schnddernew loarcwhSi his 


their mysterious disappearance 
threw one of the countiys biggest 
real estate groups into confusion. 

The bank's suit charges that Mr. 
Schneider exaggerated the size and 


mounting debt should have been 
obvious and rumors of impropriety 
were rampant. 

By law, banks are required to 


earnings potential of tbe shopping inform tbe Bundesbank about all 
mairTrental spaces when he ap- loans greater than 3 million DM by 
plied to receive the last tranche of the namfi of recipienL • 


the loan. Mr. Schneider stated dou- The Tamms 


a savings 


ble tbe amount of space actually and loan bank with operations in and 
available and forecast a level of around Frankfurt, recently turned 
rental income that was completely down “a Luge loan” request by a 


unrealistic, the bank said. 


middleman working for Mr. 


As all across Germany, contrac- Schneider after looking at his record. 


Trade Show Provides a Weekend Outing 


By Stuart Elliott 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — The thousands of trade 
shows held every year are among the most 
mundane of marketing tools. People wearing 
name tags, peering at exhibits and booths, ac- 
cepting product samples, stuffing giveaway 
items Eke pens and key chains into their pock- 


items like pens and key chains into their pock- 
ets — all that is rarely associated with ground- 
breaking change. But a trade show this weekend 
might well prove different 
The exhibition, at the Meadowiands Conven- 
tion Center in Secaucus, New Jersey, is being 
bQled as the Firat National Gay and Lesbian 
Business Expo. It is another indication erf one of 
tbe least expected business trends of the 1990s: 
the growing efforts by many mainstream market- 
ers to reach consumers who are homosexuals. 

Scores of large consumer-product companies, 
including American Express Co„ Philip Morris 
G&, Seagram Co. and Tune Warner Inc„ are 
shedding a long-time reluctance to aim sales 
pitches at this market They are concluding that 
the potential for generating additional sales 
among affluent, brand-loyal gay consumers out- 
weighs the risk of alienating existing customers. 

Indeed, for several exhibitors, tbe show is 
their initial foray into the markeL 
“We want to get our name out to as many 
consumers, and as diverse a group of consum- 
ers, as possible,” said Dana Dotoli, a territory 
manag er at Perrier Group of America in Moon- 
achie, New Jersey, which win have a booth to 
promote consumer and business products like 
water coolers, Celestial Seasonings iced teas 
and Deer Park and Perrier waters. 

Carey Davis, general sales manager at 
WINS- AM radio in New York, said: “It’s 


smart for us in terms of both listeners and 
advertisers. It’s an outreach, to show we're here 
and we care.” The station is one of five sponsors 
of the show, with The Advocate magazine, Gay 
Ente rtainmen t Television, Gay Games TV and 
Lincoln Center Productions. 

Of the 150 companies signed as exhibitors, in 
fields from business services and travel to real 
estate and fitness, more than one- third are 
mainstream marketers like American Tde- 


The First National Gay 
and Lesbian Business Expo 
illustrates a trend: the 
growing efforts by many 
mainstream marketers to 
reach consumers who are 
homosexuals. 

phone & Telegraph Co. Columbia Records, 
Continental Airlines, IDS Financial Corp.. 
Kiwi International Air Lines, Walden books 
and Xerox Crap.; the rest are owned and oper- 
ated by gay men and lesbians. 

“We’re like the Supremes of the expo business; 
we’re crossing over,” said Steven Levenberg, tbe 
show coordinator. “It’s a way for mainstream 
companies 10 dip their toes into tbe pool” 

Still the stigma surrounding homosexuality 
remains powerful 

The Ikea retail chain says the reaction to a 


television commercial it began running last 
month, featuring a gay male couple shopping 
for furniture, has been almost completely pos- 
itive. But Ikea and its agency, Deulsch Inc. in 
New York, have received hate mail — and one 
store was dosed briefly by a bomb scare. 

“We have some companies that, as soon as 
we said we were calling about the Gay and 
Lesbian Business Expo, would say, ‘We’re not 
interested, goodbye.”’ said Steven Wesler, 
president at Robot Donnell Productions, an 
exhibition and trade show management com- 
pany in Avon, Connecticut, tbat is producing 
the show after considering the idea for almost 
three years. 

“And we have people calling up as ki ng if 
they can get information on 'the business 
show,’ ” he added. “When we ask which one, 
they say, The one in ApriL’ Even when we say 
we have three in ApriL they won’t say ‘gay and 
lesbian.’" 

Reticence is also being demonstrated by 
some marketers like American Airlines. Rath- 
er than pay $1,500 for a booth at tbe show, 
they will attend as visitors — observers, as it 
were. 

“There’s a safe haven," joked Wesley 
Combs, “one room they can go into to get 
away if they need to." He is project director of 
National Coming Out Day, a program of the 
Homan Rights Campaign Fund Foundation 
that encourages homosexuals to disclose their 
sexual (mentation to family members, friends 
and co-workers on tbe theory that familiarity 
dissipates contempt. The organization will 
sponsor a seminar at the show called “Out in 
the Workplace.” 


Dollar Up 
But Rally 
Is Elusive 

By Lawrence Malkin 

International Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK — The latest 
cut in German interest rates 
failed to spark a long-awaited 
dollar rally Thursday, in part 
because the Bank of Japan was 
trying to prevent the yen from 
being swamped in European 
currency markets. 

The dollar dosed in New 
York at 1.7100 Deutsche 
marks, up slightly from 1.7090 
DM at the close' Wednesday. 
The dollar spiked briefly 
against the mark in European 
trading, but most of those 
gains were gone by the time 
currency trading in New York. 


there were as many cross- 
currents as clear directions in 
the market, and they served to 
restrain the dollar. One was 
the sheer exhaustion of wait- 
ing for tbe Bundesbank to 
move — a wait in which inves- 
tors first priced in the cm with 
a dollar rally and then shifted 
money elsewhere during last 
month’s market correction. 

Another factor was the 

See DOLLAR, Page 14 


IBM Challenges 
Intel’s Dominance 


BlancpaiN 


By Lawrence M. Fisher 

New York Times Service 

SAN FRANCISCO — In a chal- 
lenge to Intel Corp.’s dominance of 
tbe microprocessor market, Inter- 
national Business Machines Corp. 
sad Thursday that it would manu- 
facture Cyrix Corp.'s In id-compat- 
ible chips. In addition to supplying 
these microprocessor to Cyrix, 
IBM has tbe right to manufacture 
an equivalent amount for use inter- 
nally or to sell co the open markeL 
Cyrix shares soared on the news. 


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HwO-fOrtW 
htojan rupee 3L5 5 
I mlyupm nam 

trtaO t aflW 2 

ESnshrt. Tim 

Kmwrtl dinar JW 
Matov.rtiw- 1488 


C u rrency W* 
Mcx. peu l»l 
N. Zealand S UM6 
Norw. krone 7AJ» 
PUB. peso V4I 
PoUsnzMrtY BBU 
pgrtesesdo 174J7 
RWfcroMe 17W» 
5oMllrtye< XTSB3 
Sira.* 


Cu rrency Mrs 
5. Air. rand 10385 
S.Kor.WM tOfXtt 
Saed. krona. 7OTS 
Taiwan* Tb3i 

Thai bant 2S51 

TWfdsftaro 35*9Z 
UAEdMnm 3JE727 
vena. bonv. Tlo.15 


Currency 
Cflnadlap doflw 
Japanese!* 0 


XMcy eB-dar Ybdnv 
1JJ789 U8B7 U823 
104.12 103J96 IKUO 


Forward Rates &*rr wwoy sssssz 

. tf-dov S*4ay emrency ^ ) ua 17 U823 L om bard ret* 

M7M M7M CaradtoBdoitar i J(aa) 

PeradSkrUra !■*** 1J3 qa Japanese!* 0 i^nooth interbank 

. Dwtssto mart ljM2 l htoraank 

.Swiss franc 1MZ2 rnnKseau Banco Commerckrtc ttollam ^nanm tatmtenk 

Smmu: INC Bank Tokvo / Tokrel: *°Yat Bor * of Canada w^rear Band 

(Mikml; Aaertee Froncnjnvsscirv ^ rrsanc / A p. 
t Toronto !; IMF I50ai. Other data trm f«uren. 


5 *wrTTmnrTMfa 5 J 9 

7-vear Treasory note iAl 

layaar Treasury wke 6JJ 

iMeer Treasory bead 73B 

Morrill LvuttSMay Ready easel 253 


Discount rats 
Can money 
Vawatb latsrtMck 
34nanlti IntcftQA^ 
tnwntfa U rtcrtx m fc 
70- y par Oovenuneot bood 

germony 
Lombard Wt 
CaH money 
l^noathlfllHtMk 
S^noefl) Interbank 


Close Prey. 
3 JOO 3 JM 
6<A 6U 
3 % 3 M 
3-40 3 A 5 

43S 420 

155 155 

445 AM 
SM 540 


dosing at $29,188, up $2,688 in 
Nasdaq trading, while Intel shares 
declined $3,875, dosing at 559.875. 
IBM shares dosed at $53,875, up 
$130 on the New York Stock Ex- 
change. Analysts said that white 
tbe immediate impact on Intel 
would be minimal, the agreement 
raised the long-term specter of an- 
other competitor with access to the 
best manufacturing process tech- 
nology available. 

“It's certainly a very good deal 
for Cyrix and IBM and it could 
well be Intel’s worst nightmare,” 
said Michael Slater, editor of the 
Microprocessor Report, an indus- 
try newsletter. “Clearly this must 
be the nail in the coffin of any good 
will ferft in the Intel- IBM relation- 
ship,” he said. “There’s probably 
nothing IBM could have done to 
make mid more unhappy." 

Cyrix has been a distant third in 
the market for the x86 family of 
microprocessors, behind Intel and 
Advanced Micro Devices Ino, in 
part because it has no manufactur- 
ing capability of hs own, and no 
access to the most advanced manu- 
facturing processes. Tbe agreement 
with IBM gives Cyrix that access 
and could therefore change tbe 



The ultra-slim watch 


CuSmoMY 
l-Moam Mcrtwnk 
Sraoafb interbank 


tmSr*”* 


Sources: Reuters. Btoomberg, Morrill 
Lynch, Bonk M Tokyo. Commerzbank. 
Gnenwott Mnntomc Credit Lvanaab. 


Zurich 3nS0 377-75 Unch. 

LOMtoO mss 377.45 -M5 

New York 382.10 9030 +030 

US. donors per ounce London affldrd fU- 
togu Zorich and Hen York opeotog and das- 

ktaorfeos; New York Cotntot (Jm) 
Source: Reuters. 


competitive landscape. With two 
5v! competitors for Intel’s complete 
product line next year, dramatic 
M price reductions are likety. 
sjo Tbe agreement conies after IBM 
tit in January ended a 13-year pact 
s 4 with Intel deciding not to manu- 
s« facture Paatmms, the latest in In- 
form id's x86 Hue of microprocessors. In 
hank, a separate challenge to Intel last 
month a jury ruled in Advanced 
Micro Dikes’ favor in its long- 
cm r unning litigation with Intel seen> 
unch. ingly opening the door to AMD’s 
—045 clones of Intd chips. Intel has said 
£ “j® it will appeal the verdicL 

By teaming with IBM, which has 

See CHIPS, Page 14 


Since 1735 there has 

NEVER BEEN A QUARTZ BLANCPAIN WATCH. 
AND THERE NEVER WILL BE. 



TURLER 

J Kit Kl.l.KRt JC VVvrcil KS 


W8SE.R S.C tSCS-ig., 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


>ge!4 

c* MARKET DIARY 


Rising Bates Keep 
Wall Street on Edge 


Via Auociatcd Prai) 


Dow Jones Averages 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 




Opvn Hfrh Law Lad CM. 


Metals 




Indus 365*46 30*55 344QJ5 3*6335 -1JB 
Trans 161488 163241 160*26 160B.ni —9-71 
um 19X18 19457 ]»_» 1M.fr! -026 
Coma 139172 130*29 128937 129*32 —1.96 


■g 8 "** 

ALUMINUM ffllsfe Grade) 
Dollars per mrtlc tail 


Pi-WNm 

BM Ask 


Htffh LOW Lad Settle CM* 

Industrials 


U.SVAT THE ad« 


bat 138*58 126530 

forward 1309.00 130930 


Bloomberg Business News 

NEW YORK — U.S. stocks 
;iosed little changed on Thursday 
is nagging concern that the Federal 
Reserve will push inierest rates 
ugber to curb inflation offset a 
xronce in oil companies' shares. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
se inched up 1.78 points to 
1,66322 after seesawing through- 


U.S. Stocks 


)ut much of the day. The advance 
vas led by Chevron, which rose 2% 
o 88%, and Exxon Corp-, up % to 
>2%, as crude oil prices rose to their 
lighest levd since October. 

The yield .on the benchmark 30- 
rear Treasury bond rose to 728 
percent, up from 726 percent on 
Wednesday. The stock market is 
still keying off the bond market," 
said Bill Lead, vice president in 
equity trading at UBS Securities. 

“It is only a matter of time be- 
fore the Fed raises rates again, and 
Tew investors are anxious to be 
bold," said Eric T. Miller, chief 
investment officer at Donaldson, 
lirfVip & Jenrette Securities Corp. 

Five stocks fell for every four 
that rose on the New York Stock 
Exchange. Trading was moderate 
as 274.56 million shares changed 
hands on the Big board, slightly 
less than 278.04 million on 
.Wednesday. 

Prices jumped up from early 


lows after an erroneous report said 
Iraqi jets shot down two U.S. heli- 
copters in northern Iraq, raising 
concern that resumption of the 
country’s oil exports would be de- 
layed. The choppers were mistak- 
enly shot down by two U.S. jets. 

Sweet etude for delivery in May. 
the most active contract, rose 26 
cents to S1623 per barrel. 

Merrill Lynch & Co., the largest 
U.S. brokerage, dampened inves- 
tors’ enthusiasm by paring the 
stocks in its “aggressive” portfolio 
model to 55 percent from 60 per- 
cent and raising the cash portion to 
20 percent from 15 percent. 

“We think weakening earnings 1 
will become a greater issue after the ! 
first quarter," said Charles Gough. , 
Memo's chief investment strate- 
gist. 

As for interest rates, dealers not- 
ed that bonds may come under 
more pressure on Friday. “If ca- 
pacity utilization comes in over 84 
percent, then bonds wifi get 
whacked again," said Anthony 
Dwyer, chin market strategist at 
Sherwood Securities, referring to 
the Fed’s scheduled report on ca- 
pacity utilization and industrial 
production. 

Parametric Technology Corp.. a 
software maker, rose ]U to 26%, 
after earning 27 cents a share in the 
second quarter ended April 3, up 
from 17 cents a year earlier. 




I Standard A Poor’s Mum 


tAgumtfcS 


-.Vb:? j 


Industrials 

uS 

Finance 

SP500 

spin 


Hh* Low ClMe OHM 
52077 51641 51635-036 
39584 392.10 39247—134 
15678 156.13 15574 +070 
4333 4129 43.98 +877 
UTS +057 44638 +0.12 
41333 409.92 41134 — 130 


NYSE Indexes 


COPPER CATHODES (High 
Mian iw metric ton 
Spat 186150 186450 

Forward 188230 188300 

LEAD 

Dalian par metric ton 
&Wt 445.50 44600 

forward 46050 46130 

NICKEL 

Duilon nor metric ton 
Spot 553530 5545M 

Fc cmM 560530 561530 

TIN 

DoUon per metric ton 
Spot 544530 5455.00 


HHrt) LOW Lari SetHe CUV* 

GASOIL (tPEl 

US. doNan nor mririe (eontots oMM ton 

+ 150 


18S&SD 188650 
190130 191030 


45750 45850 
47230 47250 


556030 557030 
563030 563530 


Eri. volume: na. open lot. 10357 


H«h Law Lari Chg. 

Composite 247.99 24622 247.56 * 0.10 

Industries 30435 30147 30373 —0.16 

Transp. 252.11 25034 25075 —1.12 

IXMV 207.94 Sm.10 207. n +-041 

Finance 20932 207.74 20931 -067 


Forworn 530530 551 

ZINC (Special HIM Grade} 
Dollars per moNfcMa 
spot 93250 93350 

Forward 95330 95*30 


549030 549530 
554530 555030 


94150 94250 
96230 96*00 




Financial 


NASDAQ Indexes 


Low Lori Os. 


NYSE Meat Actives 


Composite 72971 72631 72661 —077 

Induslrhris 76772 76622 76522 4 051 

Bonks 681,48 40019 68019 —171 

InsuttPiCB 88151 881.59 B82JS .613 

Foma 88733 886*1 087*6 -1J6 

Transp. 74131 73*57 73013 *060 


HIM Low aew amoe I 
WHO NTH STERLING (UPFE) 

■34*000 -PU Of IMPCt 

Jon 9*65 9*58 9*64 +003 

SOP 94*2 9433 9*40 +031 

Dee 94H8 9198 9434 —032 


BRENT CRUDE OIL (1PE) 

U5. dotton pct borroMot* of LNl bands 
May 15.15 1455 1531 1531 +031 

Jan KS0 1*58 1436 16BS +032 

JW I *80 1451 KJH 1477 +A27 

Ana 1*80 1451 14® 1480 +0.19 

5h> i486 1457 U85 1*85 +070 

Oct 1458 14*5 1458 1438 + 012 

Nov 1434 1430 1454 1*94 +0.15 

DOC ISJa 1482 I5D1 JiOT +*09 

Jan 1530 U50 ISM 1534 + 012 

Eri. vaHrine: 62976 . Open lot. 159.123 


Stock Indexes 


business iu February had made their 

latest rise since Novem^r. ^ eariier,” said Robert Dederick, . 

~nie economy ^JL^^Trusi ■ Chicago. “We have come down to a. 
chief economist at Northenj 2J? l < SarhSvteinperate. w 
more temperate pace, but _i first-tinie unemployment claims ' 

Afrit Cto « «P » wM 5.000,1 0 

nsea OJ percent m increase in inventories was the sixth in- 1 

percent increase Inventories and sale&botb : 

^ F ^-;, ; 

RJR Raises Issue’s Ejected Yield - 

PRINCETON New Jersey (Bloomberg) — 'RSRWab&xo Holdings ; 

ex oected yield to as high as 925 percent on , 


NMecEni 

A+Tctin 

TMMex 

Motorias 

RJRN* 

FOfrtM 

PhilMr 

Merck 

IBM 

OcciPct 

Gnus 

FURpfP 

GnMalr 

EMC 5 

WalMrIS 


T7H 

1646 

1694 

f 1*6 


27K 

2344 

+ » 

5BV, 

57W 

58 W 

— V6 

95*4 

91W 

91 <6 

4 

5*9 

sw 

5W 

— Mi 

59Vfc 

56<4 

58V& 

*11* 

0*6 

48 Vi 

4946 

+ 1 

29 Ni 

28W 

29 V6 

—'A 

S3V. 

52 Vi 

MW 

*119 

16 V. 

15V, 

16W 

+ 16 

27W 

H'A 

2694 

— V6 

6*6 

» 

5W 

— '6 

591* 

56 

58 

*1 

199V 

178. 

18 

— *6 

2 5*6 

2416 

25 

—46 


AMEX Stock Index 


9*65 

9*58 

9*64 

+ 083 

H82 

9*33 

9*40 

+081 

9488 

9388 

9484 

—082 

9387 

9X52 

9380 

niw 

9X19 

9105 

9X12 

— OLDS 

92J7 

9281 

9270 

— *07 

9*42 

9284 

9235 

*07 

92.19 

9281 

92.80 

— BUS9 

9282 

9184 

VUI 

— *11 

9186 

9189 

9174 

— *12 

9130 

9184 

9180 

— *10 

9185 

9184 

9185 

— *10 


FTSE TOO (LIFFB 
■25 pot index pobff 

Jao 31«3 310*0 31333 —83 

Shi 31473 31273 31523 —75 

DK N.T. N.T- 3166.0 —83 

Esr. voturno: U722. Ooon InL: 55735. 


Law Oom Change 




5oorc*i: Motif, Associated Press. 
London infl Financial Futures Exchange, 
inff Petroleum Exchange. 


Eri. volume: 81366. Open TnL: 47*945. 


HWi Low Lari Chsu 
438.13 43656 43752 —4*3 


3*40 NTH EURODOLLARS HJFFEJ 
81 mHltan-Ptl 0*110 pet 


Dtvfdmnds 


Dow Jones Bond Averages 


Jan 

9532 

95L51 

9SL51 

— 082 

S«p 

9*94 

9*91 

9482 

— *04 

Dec 

9*34 

9433 

9432 

n<« 

Mar 

9487 

mat 

9485 

— *10 

Jan 

Sep 

N.T. 

N.T. 

N.T. 

N.T. 

7373 

n*s 

— *11 
— *12 


Per Ami 
IRREGULAR 


OI. r HI H um Ul 4UIUW [».— 

M mWdT^ S d‘Uten the offering by naklng the stores '? 

So iittS in both RJR’s food and toba^peratbns ‘ 
SSof just tobacco if the buan^are Mimrihi to an , 
Sd ristration statement fDed Thursday with the Secuntres and . 

of RJR preferred equity shan^or 

Feres, are expected to yield between 8J5 

^yare priSd the week of April 25. They had bera i expected be pneed , 
this week and to yield between 825 percent and 8.75 percent. 


AmCapCvSKur 

PHWbPrmHlInao 


+22 S-16 
*-72 +29 


Eri. vokimo 1792: 3129798. 


M Bonds 
10 Utilities 
18 Industrials 


MHOHTK EUROMARKS (UFPE1 
DM1 RiHItaa - pis of na pet 
JOB 9*64 9*57 9433 +033 

Sep 9*88 9*81 9*87 +032 

DK 9*99 9*92 9*98 Unch. 

Mar 9536 93JHI 1532 —033 

Jan 9*95 9*89 9*91 —834 

see 9*75 9*68 9*71 —036 

Dec 9*55 9*48 9*51 — 034 

Mar 9*41 9*33 9*36 —005 

Jan 9*22 9*18 *47! —031 

Sep 9*05 9433 9*05 Uncft. 

DOC 9359 9337 9389 UncfV 

Mar 9375 9374 9375 Unch. 

Eri-vaJUma: 175388. Open int^ 4972313. 
LONG GILT ILIFFE} 
fSUOO ■ pts A 32ads of 180 pet 
Job 107-26 106413 107-17 +IHM 

SOP N.T. N.T. 106-20 +04M 

Eri. volume: 111550. Open (nL: 143321. 
GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND (LIFFE) 
DM 2SD500 - PtS of 100 PCt 
Jan 9657 965S 9*53 —036 

Sep 9*53 9*23 9*53 — 056 

Esf. volume: 175,11* Open frriL: 0 208647. 


STOCK SPLIT 


AMEX Most Actives 


OmSfls 

Echo Bay 

vtocB 

ENSCO 

Ivaxcp 

SPDR 

BMaW1» 

MLatry 

Wtrrtrd 

ALC 


VOL Hletl LOW Lari 
8539 2398 2m 2 2*i 
5973 11 *8 11U I1H 
S315 24V. 22V8 MW 

4298 3*n 3014 T/j 

4224 26*6 25* MV* 

4138 **re u 44 W B 44H 
3668 BV% 6M 7 
3428 13W 12 12 

3189 BVi 8’* 8 Vi 

2977 36U 34M 35H 


NYSE Diary 


Advanced 
Declined 
Unchanged 
Tata! issues 
New Hlahs 
New Lows 


923 6M 
1229 1505 

644 598 

2796 2799 

12 14 

13* 109 


DOLLAR: Rally Elusive 


AMEX Diary 


NASDAQ Most Actives 


Continued from Page 13 
shooting down of a U.S. helicopter 
in Iraq, which sent money into the 
dollar as a safe haven and then out 
of it when Washington quieted war 
fears by announcing that the Amer- 
icans had mistakenly downed their 
own plane. 

But even before the Bundesbank 
announced its cuts in both discount 


Foreign Exchange 


and Lombard rates, confusion of a 
different kind tod swirled around 
the yen, whose movement has re- 
flected Japanese political instabil- 


ity as, Weil as uncertainty about 
U.S. trade policy. Japan has been 


U.S. trade policy. Japan has been 
trying to keep its currency from 
moving too high. . 

The Bundesbank, acting as an 
agent for the Bank of Japan, sold 
up to 5500 million worth of yen and 
picked up dollars, the first time 
during the current uncertainty that 
Europe’s most powerful central 
bank has shown its hand in the 
currency market on behalf of the 
yen. although several smaller banks 
have done so recently. 

This strengthened the dollar 
against the mark as well as the yen. 
The dollar had drifted down to 
10170 yen in Asian trading, dan- 
gerously dose to the point of 100 


yen that both the market and the 
U.S. Treasury fear could start for- 
eign holders of U.S. Treasury i 
braids to dump them in a panic. 

But central bank dollar buying 
went on during early European 
trading, lifting the dollar against 
the yen to 103.06. “By the time I 
came to work,” said Curtis Peters, a 
trader at Chemical Bank in New 1 
York, “the rate was around 104 and 
that was no problem.” The dollar 
dosed in New York at 104.27 yen. 

The Federal Reserve, however, 
did not take pan in the interven- 
tion to support its own currency. 

“If they really wanted to leave a 
message that they don’t want the 
dollar to fall below one hundred, 
the Americans would intervene.” 
said Lisa Kaess. a foreign market 
analyst at Geoffrey Bell &Co. 

The Fed has previously acted as 
an agent for the Bank of Japan in 
ironing out the market, and the 
Treasury would be willing to per- 
mit it to do so again if the Bank of 
Japan asked. But there have been 
no such requests recently from To- 
kyo. 

Against other currencies, the 
dollar .edged up to 5.8478 French 
francs from 5.8475 Wednesday and 
rose to 1.4470 Swiss francs from 
1 .4400. The pound strengthened to 
51.4773 from S 1.4759. 


Intel s 

U Ben 

Cisco S 

P or mTch 

NrcntS 

MCI l 

Oracles 

Noiris 

ApWftWS 

XaHNef 

Lotus 

imowts 

AdabeSs 

AmEcnie 

Encore 


Mah 

Low 

Last 

Chs. 

63 V, 

»>« 

SWi 

—346 

13 

1146 

1146 


31 % 

29 

30’-. 

+ 4* 

Z7V. 

234+ 

2644 

*11* 

44* 

346 

4*4 

— V. 

22ta 

22V. 

2246 

_ 

30% 

29V. 

30'M 

*Vs 

167* 

>6 

1646 

* (6 

42 V, 

39V. 

42 

+ 1W 

14 

1146 

1346 


66V, 

61 

65 Mi 

+ 2W 

16*6 

146* 

144h 

—1’6 

25 

2IVi 

24 

*Vto 

18V, 

1646 

IB 


6 

S'* 

S”6 

+ 46 


AOvanoed 
Declined 
Un c ha n g ed 
Total issues 
New Highs 
New Lews 


238 193 

31D 4D9 

248 212 

796 BID 

6 5 

42 39 


Princeton ml Bncp 3 tor 2 MIL 
Three-Five Svri 2 for 1 saKL 


CORRECTION 


fl/intinp.nial Takes 845 Million Charge 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg! — Continental Corp. said Thmsdiw itot h 
expected to take a $45 mflnon pretax charge as it e hnwwi w 680 of its 


Full Photo ADR x .173 

x-rrvtsed payable date. 


REDUCED 

High Via income M 5723 
REGULAR 



a to 

- IS, 

- 1525 
Art .115 

a as 
M .115 
Q 34 
Q .16 
0 .13 5-12 

Q 57 


3-13 6-1 

+22 5-2 

5-6 M? 
3+ Ml 
+22 +29 
+10 7-15 
+21 +29 
+29 5-10 
54 Mt 
+15 

5+ 5-23 
+1 +15 
+25 +15 
3-25 +15 
+29 +12 
M0 +11 


The »MDirai property and casualty insurer also said it mtendediosell * 
two operations: Continental Canada, the Ihird-largcsl busin e ss in su rance = y. 
writer in that country, and Casualty Insurance, the leading workers’ . 
com pensati on writer in Illinois. Continental said it expected to realize a = . 
gain on the sale of the two units. 

Continental Carp., the holding company for Continental Insurance, . 
said the moves would reduce annual expenses by about S75 nriliion- . •* . 

The company also said it expected pretax catastrophe losses of $26 J - 
milhon in the current quarter from February snow and ke storms and a *• - 
late March tornado in the South. 


NASDAQ Diary 


To Our Readers 


o-amwnl; MawUt In Caaadtan hah; a*- 
ROBflUy; ra w niw s-MMnHxmoal 


Advanced 

Declined 

Un c h an ged 

TaW issues 
NawKiahs 
New Lows 


1527 1097 

15S5 3054 

1893 1827 

4980 4978 

32 33 

155 in 


Matif futures prices were not 
available for this edition because of 
technical problems. 


FortheRecord .; 

BF Goodrich Ox, the Ohio-based aircraft systems and specialty chenri- 
cals company, earned $4B million in the fust quarter, aided by a 33 v 
percent increase in sales. The company posted a less of $7.6 million in the : 
year-ago quarter. (APf - 


Spot Commodities 


Market Safes 


NV5E 
Amex 
NasdM 
In mHttoat. 


Commodity Today 

Aluminum, lb 0583 

Canm. Biw . R> 0J9S 

Copper electrolytic. tt> 091 

iron FOB. tan 21330 

Lead, lb 034 

Silver, tray az 527 

Steel (scrap |, tan 136J3 

Tin. lb 16697 

23nc.lb 0+43 


Certain offerings of securities, financial 
service, or In p em a real esae puhhsbrd la 
this aempaper at not mborized ri certain 
jaMEcdooi in nMdi the ha g n ah a M l BenM 
Tribune is <&Hriboted. inchnfins the Umied 
Sines of America, and do nol coostlme 
oflerinp of Kcorides. Sendees or imams in 
these jurisdicrjim,. The Intcrnarional HaaU 
Tribune assu me s no itspansMily »bttme«er 
fcr «nj aheniseaem far oEfiniojs of «ojr kind. 


ToourreodminGemwi 

El's never boon easier 
fo subscribe end save 
-just ail our 
Frankfurt aBice 
kJHree 013M485B5 
or fax: 069- 1754 13. 
From Austria 

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or fbc 0606917541a 


CHIPS: IBM’s Challenge to hud 


Developing Countries to Outpace Industrial World 


Return 

WASHINGTON — Rich indus- 
trial countries look set to stage an 
economic recovery, but their per- 
formance in coming years will seem 
lackluster wben compared to 
what's ahead for developing na- 
tions, the World Bank said on 
Thursday. 

In its annual global economic 
outlook report, the Bank forecast 
that annual economic growth in the 
developing world will accelerate to 


4.8 percent over the next 10 years 
from its meagre 0.7 percent pace so 
far this decade. 

Industrial country growth is also 
likely to pick up, but not nearly so 
much, to a 2.7 a nn ual average from 
IJ2 percent, as the recovery spreads 
from the United States to the rest 
of the major nations. 

“Output stopped falling in Con- 
tinental Europe about a year ago 
and recovery is consolidating in the 
United Kingdom and Northern 


Europe,” the World Bank’s chief 
economist, Michael Bruno, said at 


That less- [ban-robust recovery 
though should help reduce infla- 


Contmoed firao Page 13 

a parent cross-license with Intel 
Cyrix hopes to dreumvent any po- 
tential infringement issues. Cyrix 
recently won a settlement from In- 
tel in litigation regarding its right to 
have chips produced by Texas In- 
struments Inc. and SGS-Thransan, 
both Intel-licensees. However, 
Cyrix is now in litigation with Tex- 
as Instruments, much no longer 
produces its chips, and was in nmi 
of additional manufacturing capao- 


a news conference. “Evidence of ticra m industrial countries to an 
the last few weeks suggests that annual 2.7 percenr, compared with 


ity with patent protection. 

Howard High, an Intel spokes- 
man , said that the issue of whether 
the IBM agreement protects Cyrix 
from patent infringement action is 
the subject .of litigation jn federal 
court in Texas. • 

Under an earlier agreement, 
IBM has been manufacturing Cyr- 
ix’s 486 microprocessors since Sep- 
tember 1993 cm a limited basis. 

Under Thursday's agreement, 
IBM's Microelectronics Division 


Japan is also at a turning point." 4.6 percent in the 1980s. 


But he said the exact- timing of 
recovery was uncertain and the 
magnitude of the upturn was likely 
to be less than in the past as rich 
nations struggle to ran in budget 
deficits and attack underlying eco- 
nomic structural problems. 


That in turn, the Bank said, wfll 
help hold down world interest 
rates, benefiting developing coun- 
tries. The poorer countries also 
stand to gpj n from rising commod- 
ity prices, growing, world trade and 
continued capital inflows. 


will become aprimaiy manufactur- 
er of Qnx-designed 486-conapati- - 
We microprocessors. Inters 486 is 
the most cranmonly used micro- 
processor for persona] computers. 

In addition, Cyrix has selected - 
IBM’s manufacturing process tech- 
nology for use in its Ml, which is .- 
intended to rival Intel’s topof-dre- 
Bne Pentium chip, and successive 
high-performance designs. 

IBM said it is committed to be- 
coming a major suppHer of chips to 
other computer makers.“Our / 
agreement furthers this objective 
by giving us access to a broad range 5 
of Cyrix’s advanced x86-com pad - , 
We microprocessor designs," said 
Michael J. _ Attanky, seq/or vice ‘ 
president and general manager of * 
IBM Microelectronics Division. 

Danid Mandresh, an analyst with 
Merrill Lynch, said he estimates that 1 
IBM’s microelectronics diviaon’s ; 
revenues would grow from $200 miF J 
hon in 1993 to$750xmffioo this year. 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


U.S. FUTURES 


Season Smjoa 
Hi* Law 


Open Hun Low C low Os QaM 


Season Season 

HW> Low 


Cb*n Mtoft Law daw Cho CAM 


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204 

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90 

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230 

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7190 7110 
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3310 3300 
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Boro I 321 ass 

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TNT 289 210 

Western MWra 7.10 7.11 

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Asahi Glass 
Bank of Tokyo 
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B anco do Brasil 2381 2*50 

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Petrotoros 122 K9 

Tstebras 3 »j« 

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Otv Dev. 7J5 7 JO 

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meheoM tsa 540 

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OCBC 11JD 11J0 

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JAPANESE YEN (CMER) 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL IS, 1994 



Page 15 3 


Fortin Profit Jumps 
on Growth in 



ector 


Our Svff From 

^«TERDAM - Fortis, a 

SorSSL con- 

aid Thursday that an 

S551 P >anW profits helped 

StcnSK 0 * W P ercent *n 1W3 

®P®Wd continued 
this year. 
COm P rises Amev 
?2L£dS e Netherlands, and 
n^gium, earned a 
®W/£a tinlbon European Cur- 
(*g8 trillion) in 1993, 
-hy : ~a 30 percent jump in 
“^^frifebariong. 

kkS-^ 118 * “sets of 97 

SftPsS^? lld ^ ^Provement 

^5“°^ came from higher 
vfflptee rafher than rising c ommit 

on dearin s 

ocwftties, and from various acqui- 
smpns^ / * 1 

Belgian, Forties balance 

SSSS^ 1 ** ^ P^hase 
JW.% government of a 50 per- 

*° rl ^ e banker-insurer 
® The chairman of 

AggiCGERlsaid the anil would 
acggwFwte-s target of Upercent 
®? ; <fcuity by 1996-97/ 
"^^WW.sold hs shares in Bel- 
Bank, which re- 


r— --ww» i wv i i 

igxi-gTjrr'r- milhdp Ecus. Insure 
^ g^-gM ctoited for 'more than 85 
profit last year,’ 
- income was 

*8%?^ by strong perfor- 
£jra* : fife; irisafance anils in 
r rr~4 the Netherlands. Prenri- 
utoricomte from life .insurance rose 
Hy^fbenf to2421 bilhon Ecus' from 
*vhfle operating in- 
cdfte' frrin life insurance rose 21 
. percehfto 198.6 mfflion Ecus. 

JftT&Ighuii life ittsurance profits 
wfift&.i’oughTy the same as a year 
epftotSviJirt Fortis said its Belgian 
Itfeitt&rapce unit “responded suo- 

Russia Gets Loan 
Led by Italians 
For Gas Pipeline 

Reuters 

RGMfc-^A group of Italian and 
other (tanks on Thursday extended 
a S 1.6 billion loan to Russia to 
develop gas pipelines and boost ex- 
ports to Italy.. 

TheTinoney will go towahi fi- 
nMcHi£ X.^ve-yrar, SI .9 trillion 
prcgoa toiUprove the efficiency of 
Ru$ati^ T pi{xGne system and to' 
prevent , waste of gas. 

Ti&Wbti will be carried out by 
the tYagaz consortium, formed by 
the Italian turbine maker Nuovo 
Pignorie SpA and Snamprogetti 
SpA- tfi unit of Italy’s stole energy 
grOu^xtote Nazionale IdroCirburi. 

mtb'ati improved network, Rns- 
aa WiBbe able to supply mdre gas 
to Itiily; whose main supplier, Alge- 
ria isiracifced by civil strife. 

Over *$rbanks from Italy, seven 
otbdr European countries, the 
United Stoles and Japan are taking 
part in die financing. 


cessfully” to opportunities created 
by new legislation that allows in- 
surance products to be linked to 
investment funds. 

Accident and health insurance 
“developed favorably" in Belgium 
and the Untied States but not in the 
Netherlands, where earrings from 
the nonlife sector deteriorated. 
Claims in the United States rose 
because of the increase in crime and 
higher payments for bodily injury. 

(Bloomberg. AFX I 

■ Axa Net Up, Stock Splits 

Axa sad Thursday its net income 
rose 32 percent in 1993 and that it 
would split hs stock five-f or-one in 
preparation for seeking a U.S. stock 
exchange listing, Bloomberg Busi- 
ness News reported from Paris. 

Axa, France’s second-biggest in- 
surer, said it earned a net 2.04 bil- 
lion French Cranes ($349 trillion) 
last year, helped by growth in Equi- 
table Cos^ the UJ5. life insurer in 
which Axa bought a 49-percent 
stake in 1991. 

Axa’s stake in Equitable marked 
the first time a French insurer had 
crossed the Atlantic and investors 
were skeptical because the U.S. 
company was struggling with a 
portfolio full of junk bonds and 
loans to property developers. 

But the gamble taken by Claude 
Bfebfcar, the chairman of Axa, has 
started to pay off. Aim’s financial 
services and real estate activities 
sector, into which Equitable was 
consolidated, earned 717 milli on 
francs last year, up from 585 tril- 
lion in 1992. Axa did not break out 
Equitable’s contribution, but said 
the US. company brought in “ex- 
cellent results.” 

Mr. Bebear said the stock split 
would bring Axa’s share prices 
down to about 265 francs, com- 
pared with Thursday’s close at 
1,320 francs. 


ABB Declares Growth Phase 

Improved Results Forecast Through ’97 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

STOCKHOLM — ABB Asea Brown Boveri 
Ltd- is entering an expansionary phase, the Swed- 
ish-Swiss engineering concerns chief executive. 
Percy Barnevik, said Thursday, and it expects 
results to improve through 1997. 

Mr. Barnevik, speaking at ABB’s annual share- 
holders meeting in Vaesieras. Sweden, also con- 
firmed ABB’s previously stated medium-term goal 
of a 10 percent operating margin and 25 percent 
return on capital. 

He said there was continual growth in demand 
for industrial products in Europe and North 
America but added that the full effects of in- 
creased demand on profit would not be seen until 
next year. 

He added that demand for energy-generating 
products would continue to strengthen in Asa but 
would remain weak in Europe and North America. 

ABB said orders in the first three months of 
1994 had risen to $8.20 billion from $7.55 billion a 
year earlier. Expressed in local currencies, orders 
were up about 13 percent, the company said. 

“Large electric power-plant infrastructure pro- 
jects, in particular from Asia and (be Middle East, 
continue to be booked at a gpod pace,” Mr. Barne- 
vik said. 

ABB, jazMly owned by the Swiss engineering 
concent Brown Boveri Coip. and Sweden's Asea 
AB, also said it had won an order valued at $1 
billion to build a gas-fired combined-cycle power 
plant in Malaysia for Sikap Energy Ventures Sdn., 
a power-generation concern. 

ABB said construction would begin immediate- 


ly, with power generation to start in July 1 996 and 
completion of the project scheduled for July 1997. 

(Bloomberg, AFX) 

■ Electrolux Seeks to Double Asian Sales 
The president of Electrolux AB, Leif Johansson, 
said in Tokyo that Electrolux was targeting Asian 
markers and aimed 10 double sales in Asia within 
five years, Reuters reported. 

Electrolux sales climbed 25 percent in India last 
year and 50 percent in the rest of Aria, he said. 

He said die Swedish appliance manufacturer’s 
investments in the region were boosting sales, as 
was growing affluence in Asia. 

Although sales in Asia accounted for only 5 
percent of Electrolux's 1993 worldwide revenue, 
Mr. Johansson said, the percentage is growing and 
was up from 4 percent in 1991 
European sales accounted for 43 percent of 
global revenue last year, and US. sales made up 32 
percent of the total, the executive said. 

Regarding Electrolux’s earrings, Mr. Johansson 
said profit had improved greatly last year, but he 
said more could be done to reduce costs. 

Electrolux reported group sales for 1993 of 100. 12 
blllioa kronor ($13 btilion), compared with 80.44 
billion kronor the previous year. Net income rose to 
584 million kronor from 183 million kronor. 

“We are pleased with the trend, though not 
pleased with the absolute level,” Mr. Johansson 
said. The effects of its restructuring began to show 
late lasLyear, helped by the sale of a plant in Spain 
and adjusting production bases in Europe and the 
United Slates, he said. 


AEG Cutting Dividend and Jobs 


Coepiled by Ov Staff Fran Dapatches 
FRANKFURT — AEG AG 
said Thursday that it had a 1993 
net loss of 1.19 billion Deutsche 
marks ($693 million) and would 
reduce its dividend for (he year and 
dmrinatc more than 3.000 jobs. 

The unit of Daimler-Benz AG, 
which had profit of 10 mfflion DM 
in 1992, also said it did not expect 
results to improve until 1995. 

AEG said it would pay a 1993 
dividend of 1.65 DM a share, down 
from 2.70 DM for 1991 


Spain Gives Individuals 
A Break on Endesa Price 

AFP-Exid News 

MADRID — The Spanish state holding company Teneo SA on 
Thursday held out a carrot to individual investors to interest them in 
the pubbe offering of a 10 percent stake in Empre sa National de 
Qectricidad SA. 

The company said the retail portion of the Endesa sale would be 
made at a 3 percent discount to the final selling price, which has yet 
to be fixed; it added that most of the offering in Spain would be 
aimed at individual investors. 

••■ The holding- company added that individuals could bid for a 
minimum of 50.000 pesetas ($360) of shares and a maximum of 10 
mfflhHi pesetas during the four-week registration period, which 


The ptftBc offering is to be made in rix portions: one retail portion 
and one institutional portion in Spain and one portion each for the 
United States. Britain, the rest of Europe and the rest of the world. 

Teneo said it would set a maximum price for the issue at the end of 
the four weeks, based on the market price of the electric power- 
production and mining co n cern’s shores at that time, and investors 
then would have one week to confirm their interest in buying the 
shares. Endesa’s stock closed at 6.840 pesetas a share on Thursday, 
down 150 pesetas. 

The offering, .totaling 26 million shares, will cut Teneo's stake in 
Endesa to a mirimum of 6538 percent from 7538 percent now. 


Georg Stock! chairman, said the 
.electrical engineering, technology 
and household-appliances concern 
did not expect earnings to improve 
“in a satisfactory way” this year, 
despite early signs of an economic 
recovery in Germany and expecta- 
tions of a slight upturn in sales. He 
said AEG expected profit to im- 
prove in 1995, however. 

“The real cuts in terms of elimi- 
nating jobs will total 3,000 this 
year,” Mr. Stock! said at a news 
conference. He added tint other 
jobs would be lost as a result of 
divestments, including the sale of 
its domestic appliances unit. and 
electrical meters business. 


AEG also said the domestic- 
goods unit was the only divirion to 
break even in 1993. The company’s 
operating loss was 500 zriSion DM, 
widening from 200 mfltion DM in 
1992. 

Separately, in Munich, the luxu- 
ry car mak er Audi AG said its first- 
quarter loss had narrowed by 100 
million DM as group sales rose 23 
percent, and it predicted it would 
break even in 1994 after posting its 
first loss in 18 years in 1993. 



Volkswagen AG subsidiary had a 
pretax loss of 198 trillion DM. 


BSkyB Gets 
£500 Million 
To Repay 
Investors 

Compiled by Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

LONDON — British Sky Broad- 
casting Ltd. announced a £500 mil- 
lion ($737 million) refinancing 
Thursday to help it pay investors 
who have put up £1.6 billion in 
debt financing Tor the satellite 
broadcasting concern. 

News Corp„ the worldwide me- 
dia and publishing concern headed 
by Rupert Murdoch that owns 50 
percent of BSkyB, is to receive £225 
trillion of the proceeds from the 
restructuring. 

The British media group Pearson 
PLC and the French enter tainmen t 
and industrial concern Chargeurs, 
which both hold 17.5 percent 
stakes, will be paid £81 milli on 
each, and Granada Group PLC of 
Britain, which has 133 percent, will 
get £64 million. 

BSkyB’s chief financial officer. 
Richard Brooke, said Toronto- Do- 
minion Bank and Citibank had 
agreed to arrange a five-year, £500 
million revolving-credit facility 
and to underwrite a total of £250 
million of it themselves. 

Along with partly repaying 
shareholders, the UJrL-based Eu- 
ropean satellite broadcaster will 
use the money to fully repay a £100 
million bank loan guaranteed by 
Rearson, Chargeurs and Granada. 

Those three holders received a 
total of £50 milli on in BSkyB’s 
Bisi-ever payoal in December. 

Mr. Brooke said the restructur- 
ing meant shareholders could start 
to gel some of that original invest- 
ment bade while retaining their eq- 
uity stakes. 

BSkyB, formed in 1990 from a 
merger of two unprofitable prede- 
cessors, Sky Televirion and British 
Satellite Broadcasting, continued 
to post steady losses for 18 months. 
It showed a slight profit before in- 
terest payments in March 1992. 

(Reuters, AFX ) 


Investor’s Europe 


; DAXS ■ . . ■ V* ;■ : FTS£ 



Sources : Reuters, AFP 


ImcnuiiaiiJ Hcnld Tribune 


Very briefly: 


• PSA Peugeot Gtro&n SA increased its share of the West European car 
market to 12.9 percent in March from 11.7 percent a year earlier, the 
European Car Manufacturers Association said; Volkswagen AG's share 
fell to 16.7 percent from 16.8 percent. General Motors Corp-’s rose to 12.9 
percent from 123 percent, and flat SpA's advanced to 1 1.0 percent from 
10.8 percent. 

• L’Or&l SA, France’s largest cosmetics company, will lake control of its 
distributors in the United States, Canada and Switzerland, after arrang- 
ing equity transfers from NestK SA and UEane Bettencomt the compa- 
ny's main shareholder, L'Ortal also said its operating profit rose 13.3 
percent, to 2.94 billion French francs ($500 minion), last year. 

• Lyotmabe des Eaux-Dumcz SA, the French construction and waste- 
treatment company, plans to keep its 28 percent stake in M6 after the 
television station is floated on the stock market; Conqngaie Laxemboar- 
geoise de Tdevnoo also owns a 28 percent stake, ana the government 
had told the companies not to increase their holdings- 

• Fokker NV agreed with its unions on a restructuring plan that would cm 
1,900 jobs this year, the aircraft maker, 51 percent-owned by Daimler- 
Benz AG, will also institute half-time workweeks for up to 5,000 of its 
workers. The company currently has 10300 employees, 

• Sober AG, the divorified Swiss technology company, said it expected 
1995 net profit to be about 230 trillion Swiss francs ($160 million), up from 
186 milli on francs in 1993. It cited new products and expansion in Asia, as 
well as cost-cutting, but it predicted continued weakness in Europe. 

A FX Bloomberg Reuters, AP 


AIR FRANCE: The Troubled Carrier’s Restructuring Plan May Be Too little, Too Late 


Coatoned from Page 1 

said, particularly compared with a 
plan last autumn that sparked a 
crippling strike. That proposal was 
criticized as autocratic and angered 
ground workers who fdt they were 
being asked to pay a higher price 
than flying personneL 

The strike aggravated the air- 
line’s already fragile financial con- 
dition. Bernard Besson, the trans- 
portation minister, told the French 
Senate on Thursday that 1993 
losses might go as high as 9 billion 
francs when financial results are 
released in a few days. Since De- 
cember, the airline has predicted 
losses of at least 73 billion francs. 

With European air traffic on the 
upswing, climbing 8 percent in 
1993, the finances erf most of Air 
France’s rivals have improved. But 
because of the French carrier's 
troubles, total operating losses for 
the industry in 1993 will probably 


soar well beyond the $2 billion re- 
corded in 1992 — the worn year on 
record. 

If the analysis are correct, it will 
put the European Commission in 
an extremely tight corner political- 
ly in the coming months as it is 
called to judge whether the French 
government’s decision to pump 20 
billion francs into a recapitaliza- 
tion of the airline represents an 
unfair government subsidy. 

While analysts said it was “poet- 
ically unthinkable” that the com- 
mission would say no to the recapi- 
talization —an action tantamount 
to signing a death warrant for 
France’s flagship carrier — they 
had difficulty seeing how Brussels 
could rationalize the aid if it ad- 
heres only to policy criteria. 

The European Union's executive 
body earlier tins year received a 
report from a committee set up to 
study state aid to the airline indus- 


try that called for the commission 
to rely on independent auditors to 
evaluate a restructuring plan. Pro- 
vided the auditor judges the plan 
sound, the aid should be permitted 
on a “one-time, last time” basis, the 
committee said. 

Already, some of the airline's big 
competitors are preparing to hold 
the commission’s feet to toe fire. 

“It would be unrealistic to deny 
Air France the right to restructure, 
said JOrgen Wever, chairman of 
Lufthansa AG. “However,, other 
airlines can justifiably expect that 
the commission's guidelines will be 
followed in an objective and con- 
scientious way." 

Lufthansa embarked on a re- 
structuring plan in 1992 reducing 
its payroll from 48,000 to just un- 
der 40,000 now, while receiving no 
slate aid. The airline reduced its 
losses dramatically in 1993 and it 


predicts a return to blade ink this 
year. 

Some analysts said they thought 
German pressure could block the 
aid package- “Fiance has gotten 
away with these lands of subsidies 
up to now because Germany has let 
it, but I don’t think it will this 
time,” said Dan White, analyst 
with Satwcsi Securities in London. 

British Airways, which went 
through a much morepainful 
downsizing in the mid- J 980s, lop- 
ping some 22000 workers from its 
payroll as it prepared to be privar 
tized, argues that Air France 
should have to pay a much higher 
price for the right to stay in busi- 
ness. A spokesman said toe carri- 
er’s chairman, Sr Colin Marshall, 
and the British government would 
probably protest the recapitaliza- 
tion plan in Brussels as soon as it is 
filed with the European Commis- 
sion. 


The recapitalization, combined 
with money freed up by cost sav- 
ings, is to be used to halve the 
airline’s crippling debt, now 
around 37 billion francs. The air- 
line must pay out some 3.7 billion 
francs a year in interest alone. 

But even without the debt, major 
reorganization erf operations is nec- 
essary to eliminate losses, particu- 
larly in its route organization. For 
every hundred dollars the airline 
receives from Its passengers, it loses 
$17 to provide service to North 
America, $]] to South America, 
$10 within Europe and SS to Asia. 
It only makes an operating profit 
— $6 — serving Western Africa. 

Analysts said the plan to decen- 
tralize the airline — derided by 
some as a “flying bureaucracy” — 
holds promise baa use it will make 
managers responsible fra their de- 
cisions. 


NYSE 

’ Closing 

-fhbfe frtdode thb nationwide prices up to 
. fte ckisTO on Wall Street and do not retect 
lata trades' Hsewtiere. Via The Associated Press 

- .7 (Continued) 

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«- - Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


,gy Triangle Offers Shelter From the , 


By Qyde H. Farnsworth 

New Yah Tima Service 


wticllwlLm students srid D.a Mclten^ director of economi: de- JJJSigMdldra 

tech huM Waterloo University professor, J. engmrenng “ d ^ 6 MOs t£ velopment for the city of Waterloo and himsdf boa to." the 

Wesley Graham, and his SO backers are some are Wilfred ataner victim of the econonuc changes, He Mm* 

$100 minion richer. denis and a highly regarded postgrafluate Pjo- ^ ^ president of the local subsidiary of academic said, but 

As head of the univeratv’s Comouter Svs- gram in business adnmiswaon. and Con P c a potion that he said, where I m f* 11 hctia 


i— sK^ttsggr--s SSSasgsagg 

e ssssfiffiSiES ssiffiSSsttBSS MS3&3S3 


b«n«n<L he is resigning as diainnan to teach IMve^ty-.Artn^ a- destmauons. i - — — 

M time. “NobodyioM™ uy; the than from any other “^^^pany, Lmgford Labamotfes in 

academic said, but Yve mnyw at a .stage gr was bora in the veterinary sebod of the 


»«V UAUAiVU IIVUmi 

As head of the university’s Computer Sys- gram 

m i # j i no i r 


iwwuwdic IUU uwv4i mmj r # 

ion students worldwide. wi A 12,000 studrats. 


J5issa»= =ek=ss± 


Corp. of Burlington, Massachusetts, this year. 
The deal gives the professor and each of his 
1 backers, man y of them former students who 
pow work for Watcom, about $2 million of 
Powersoft shares. 

Watcom is one of hundreds of fledgling com- 

■ .• . ■ J r — 


panies that have emerged from the Canadian 
Technology Triangle, as the Waterloo- Kitche- 


a vwuuuivm ■ ■■ — * 

ner, Guelph and Cambridge areas about an 


demand tor ns lumacr, bbiu»«« r. 

modities and contributed heavily to us double- 
disit unemployment rate. But within the tnan- 

git wtef knowledge is the only natural 

resource, unemployment is 7 percent, the to 
est in Canada. ■ 

The triangle has not escaped the reosaon 
altogether. Closings of a John Labatt Ltd. 
brewery. Uniroyal Goodrich tire factory. Sea- 


up enterprises like Watcom. . 

j. Alex Murray, dean of the school of busi- 
ness and economics at Laurier, has been smil- 
ing over the region's prospects. In his latest 
annual survey of local business conditions. 52 
percent of the companies that responded said 
they were better off financially than they were a 
\m earlier, and 66 percent expected their fi- 
nancial condition to improve in 1994. 

As with some comparable areas in the United 
Stales — Route 128 around Boston or the 


ilUOTb — w 

uses, still runs the company and is a professor 

of tmcrodectronics in Waterloo’s electrical and 
computer engineering department. _ 

“More 1984.” said Mr. Chamberlain. 53, a 
native of Cyprus, "I didn’t know the difference 
between a balance sheet and an income state- 
ment But I learned quickly.” 

Mr Chamberiain originally ofTered his tech- 
nology to International Business Machines 
Corp. and then to Northern Telecom Ltd. Both 
turned it down because they did not regard the 


cmnery, in Phoenix - Harvard. 

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Zepf Tcdinologics bo, another private com- 
pany in Waterloo, is prosperingRS a' designer, 
manufacturer and installer' of automation 
equipment for packaging Uses. It is run by a 
machinist, Lany Zepf, who is a graduate and 
benefactor of Conestoga College. 

Innovation is the key to all the enterprises, 
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by Waterloo University, 

Mo^ in is now independeat . • - . 


Crossroads 


High -Profile Partner Wei 


By Barnaby J. Feder 

Sew York Tuna Seiner 

CHICAGO — It is showdown time at Glo- 
, hex, the world's first international^ ^round-the; 
dock dectronic markeiplace for futures ana 

options traders. . ■ . 

The partnership agreement under which 
Reuters PLC. the British news and market 
information company, has developed me com- 
puter-based netw ork for the Chicago Beard of 
Trade and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, 
the world’s two largest futures exchanges, is to 
be officially dissolved in two weeks. 

And the Board of Trade may decide as earty 
as Friday whether 10 pull its contracts off the 
two-year-old system, which has 342 computer 
terminals, mostly in Europe and America. 

A thumbs-down from the Board of Trade 
would hurl Globex’s reputation more than ns 
performance; tradinz in the board s contracts 
has accounted for a scant 5 percent of activity 
on the electronic network recently. 

Still, losing the Board of Trades contracts, 
which include some of the world’s most heavily 
traded futures contracts, would raise doubts 
about Globex’s prospects just as it needs to 
overcome a past of technological setbacks, 
management gridlock and unforeseen market 
developments. . 

"The expectations were out of sync vntn 
reality * said John F. Sandner, who is chairman 
of the’ Merc and chief executive of Gjobex 
Corp- the joint venture with the Board of Trade 
that oversees Globex. . 

The new governing system, with or without the 
Board of Trade, will allow other exchanges such 
as the Marche aTenne International de France, 
or Malif, the French exchange that is Globex s 
biggest customer, to share control of Globex and 
will give all parties more freedom to make rules 
affecting their members and products. 

“The appetite few: 24-hour markets isn t really 
there yet," said Patrick H. Arbor, the Board of 
Trade’s chairman. He favors staying put but he 
has had trouble persuading the Board of Trade 
to support changes demanded by Reuters, the 
Merc and Matif. , , , 

Board of Trade members say they fear me 
changes could shift trading from their pus to 
Globex’s screens and undermine the Board of 
Trade’s freedom to develop other alliances. 

Globex’s founding premise seemed unassail- 
able when the system made its debut nearly two 
years ago: Trailers needed a way to deal any- 
time, anywhere in widely held investment prod- 
ucts such as the Board of Trade s futures and 


options on Treasury securities or the Mac’s 
futures on foreign currencies and Standard & 
Poof s 500 stock index. 

FuturesarecontractstobuyOTsalanunderly- 

ing asset, such as the stocks in the S&P index, for 

. . - • . _ ^n.a rVtinnc aw ill A- rioHt 


Reuters and the two Chicago exchanges 
planned. 

Globex’s volume has been climbing, but even 
at the peak, just 124.123 contracts were traded 


a set price at a given date. Options are the right, 
but not the obligation, to strike such a deaL 
Such contracts are speculative tools for many 
investors, but they also serve to hedge risks in 
international commerce. Multinational busi- 
nesses. for example, protect themselves from 
currency shifts when they are buying and sell- 
ing, goods overseas, or they may guard against 

interest-rate swings on loans. 

An unanswered question, however, is wheth- 


U Ulv 1 * 71 — w 

March 1 That total dwarfed the daily average 
of 45327 for February, the best month to date, 


bat still used less than 25 percent of the sys- 
tem's capacity, Paul TatterisaH, Globex’s man- 
aging director, said. . . . 

The biggest disappointment has been Glo- 
bex’s slow acceptance in Asia. Only a handful 
of the Globex terminals on trading desks world- 
wide are in Tokyo or Hoag Kong, and none will 
reach Singapore before this summer. Globex 


Losing the Chicago Board 
of Trade’s contracts would 
raise doubts about the 
system’s prospects. 


iUUdi UUIgHpVBW VMWIW “ ‘mm " 

badcers say they have bad a hard time reaching 
agreements with regulators and exchanges in 
Aria to distribute terminals. 

And Globex was started in 1992, just as 
Japanese investors, stung by recession, retreat- 
ed from international markets. No Asian ex- 
change has joined Globex yet 
Competition has also hurt Futures contracts 
on Eurodollars —dollar deposits held outride 
the United Slates — are one of the Merc’s 
major products, but, so lar, A sian traders prefer 
trading Singapore's version of Eurodollar fu- 
tures in their pits to dealing in the Merc’s 
contract on a Globex screen. 

With more than 30,000 Eurodollar contracts 
trading on an average day in Singapore, com- 
pared with fewer than 2,000 on Globex, Smex 
— as the Singapore exchange is known — offers 
traders far greater liquidity. 

Globex has run into technological shortcom- 
ings as well For instance, options have become 
bigger than Globex’s designers expected. A 
sophisticated options trader may track relation- 
ships among several hundred products, far 
more than Globex’s screens can conveniently 

display. . . __ 

But some surprises have been positive. The 
biggest has been the surge in volume since the 

require 1 5? after-hoiOT trading oMts major 
French bond contract to move to the system. 

Matif routinely accounts for 80 percent to 90 
percent of Globex's drily volume. 


er off-hours trading is strong enough to attract 
traders to Globex on a regular basis. 

Without reasonably strong and steady trading 

—-I,— Iwwe nr o>lk fl contract 


activity, someone who buys or seHs a contract 
has a harder time fmefing an offsetting position 
to cut his losses if prices take a nasty turn. 

To com pensa te for the added risk of thin 
trading, or illiquid markets, would-be buyers 
tend to demand lower prices and seders higher 
ones, widening the so-called spread. 

As that disparity between prices widens, it 
becomes harder to complete trades. n 

“It’s an experiment that’s still in progress, 
said Merton Miller, a professor at the Universi- 
ty of Chicago School of Business and a member 
of the Merc’s board of directors. *Tm not sure 
yet whether the market niche is there.” 

The Chicago exchanges originally saw Glo- 
bex as a way to enhance international interest 
in their contracts. , 

They figured other exchanges would flock to 

Globex, willing to accept Chicago' s governance 
and its ban on competing contracts in return for 
the right to add the rest of their products to 
Globex’s screens. . . . 

Reuters foresaw a lucrative market for its 
trading technology, which was already promi- 
nent in stock, bond and currency market^ It 
has plowed an estimated $100 million mto 
a da p tin g technology for Globex. 

Hardly anything has turned out the way 


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■*■1. . 


- I. 


HL. 


■ 


*7: 



ese Officials 
Sniff the Faint 
Odor of Recovery 


Reuters 

TOKYO Japan’s lop policy- 
makers said Thursday that the 
economy s three-year shirap was 
OTnmg to an end and that the lime 
npe for a recovery. 

With personal consumption 
showing signs of improvement, 
tune is steadily ripening for recov- 
ery, although our economic condi- 
tions remain severe," Finance Min- 
ister Hirohisa Fuji* said at a 
hankers conference. 

Mieno - governor of the 
Bank of Japan, cautiously predict- 
ed an upturn for the economy. He 
noted that the economy had 
plunged into the doldrums again 
last year after earlier indications of 
□right prospects. 

“However, since the turn of the 
year, some indicators are pointing 
to improvement in economic activi- 
ty 1 mostly in consumer spending, 
aad the economy appears to be 
showing signs that it has hailed its 
declines," Mr. Mieno said. 

The Bank of Ja plan’s low interest 
rates as the result of the credit eas- 
ing and generous government loans 
have prompted the public to build 
homes and buy durable goods. 

Consumer demand for washing 
machines, refrigerators and person- 
al computers and facsimile ma- 
chines has strengthened as house- 
holds seek replacements for old 
units and loosen their purse strings 
in response to price fails. 

Mr. Mieno said that chan ces for 
recovery look better than they did a 
year ago, when the economy was 
also showing bright spots. But back 
then the persistent rise in the yen’s 
value soon cut into Japanese ex- 
porters’ profits and depressed other 
sectors. 

For the past year, companies 
have trimmed excess capital stocks. 


corporate streamlining has made 
progress, and the impact of stimu- 
lative fiscal and monetary steps has 
become far-reaching, Mr. Mieno 
said. 

But Japan still needs to pay at- 
tention to growing unemployment 
and exchange rates despite recent 
improvement in economic activity, 
he said. 

In addition, companies have 
only half finished then efforts to 
write off huge losses incurred from 
drops in the prices of assets on their 
balance sheets. 

“Therefore, we should be aware 
of the downward pressure on the 
economy arising from these fac- 
tors," Mr. Mieno said. “The BOJ 
thinks we need to watch closely if 
recent improvement in some eco- 
nomic activity wfl] last and spread 
to the overall economy." 

The Bank of Japan appears to be 
nervous that the yen may rise fur- 
ther and nip any emerging recovery 
in the bud. It has been intervening 
in the market to stem the dollar's 
slide. 

■ Japan Takes Ann at U.S. 

Japan has countered U.S. accu- 
sations of unfair trading in a memo 
that challenges the reliability of 
several sections of a U.S. trade re- 
port, according to a dispatch from 
The Associated Press in Tokyo. 

In the auto sector, Tokyo’s 
memo asserted that Washington’s 
comparison of UJ>. and Japanese 
safety inspection procedures was 
“quite meaningless.” Washington 
has listed inspections as one barrier 
to American products. 

The memo also challenged the 
reliability of U5. statistics on Ja- 
pan's imports, saying, “This land 
of U.S. approach in the report is 
too simphstic and will not be ac- 
ceptable." 


China Stocks Lose Out to Bonds 


Confuted by Our Stuff From Dispatches 

SHANGHAI — Investors are fleeing Chi- 
na’s two stock markets in droves despite 
official measures to prop up prices, and many 
are switching their savings into a huge gov- 
ernment bond issue. 

A year-long decline in the Shanghai A- 
share index, which is made up of stocks open 
only to domestic investors, has become a rail- 
scale rout; the index is down almost 60 per- 
cent from its high in February last year. 
Shenzhen’s A-share market on Wednesday 
slumped to a two-year low, and once-docQe 
shareholders have started reh elling against 


iders in China Vanke Co., for exam- 
ple, are grouping together to try to unseat most 
members of the board that they blame for an 
investment program that has lurched from 
speculation in luxury property to stocks. Earli- 
er this week, shareholders for the first time 
voted down a board plan to issue new stock. 

For different reasons, the Shang hai B-share 
market, which is reserved for foreign investors, 
has fallen more than 40 percent from its high at 
the start of this year. Foreign investors have 
not been excited by this year's crop of annual 
results and euphoria over the Chinese market 
has been tempered by a more sober assessment 
of the risks of economic overheating. 


“Most B-shares appear to be very expensive 
relative to their fundamental underlying oper- 
ating growth," said Douglas Eu, an investment 
manager at Jardine Fleming Securities. 

Meanwhile, a 100 billion yuan (SI l billion) 
1 994 government bond issue is being snapped 
up by ordinary citizens, despite initial predic- 
tions that the papa 1 — triple the size of last 
year’s offering — would flop and workers 
once again would be forced to buy it through 
payroll deductions. 

On Thursday, the Shanghai Securities News 
reported that after two weeks of sates, almost 
one-quarter erf 1 this year’s two- and three-year 
bonds targeted at individual savers had been 
bought. The marketing drive has been aided by 
a government propaganda blitz and a network 
of 70,000 sales windows nationwide. 

Chinese brokers say the bond issue has 
sucked cash out of the stock markets, although 
the collapse also has to do with the clampdown 
on bank credit that has killed much of the 
speculation that drove last year’s rally. 

Faced with a stock market meltdown that 
could damage China’s boldest experiment 
with capitalism, the government has an- 
nounced a series of measures intended to 
revive battered confidence and lift prices. 

On Tuesday, Beijing said it would delay for 


two years a planned tax on stock transac- 


a pi 

tions. This follows a four-point rescue pack- 


age last month that included a pledge to put 
off until the last half of the year the Tutting of 
5.5 billion yuan of new shares. 

On Thursday, the gover nmen t unveiled de- 
tails of its State Development Bank, which is 
one of three so-called policy banks being set 
up to stabilize the country’s investment cli- 
mate. The other two banks are scheduled to 
be operational later this year. 

The new banks are designed to provide 
loans dictated by government policy, freeing 
China's four existing major banks to become 
commercial institutions working for profit 
and supporting the new “socialist market 
economy” 

The government said creation of such poli- 
cy banks was necessary to ensure the com- 
mercial banks would not fuel inflation by 
offering credit at artificially low rates to fi- 
nance construction projects. 

Yao Zhenyan, who beads the new bank, 
said the institution was essential to change 
the irrational investment structure in China, 
which has seen money pour into new con- 
struction projects before there is enough 
power, transport and telecommunications to 
support them. (Reuters, Bloomberg) 



Sources; Reuters. AFP 


ImoWMBd Herald Tribupr 


Hutchison Adds Cellular Voice in U.K. very briefly: 


Bloomberg Businas News 

“Cry.” The lone word printed in 
orange on a black background is an 
impressive image. Londoners will 
be inundated with that and other 
cryptic messages on posters starl- 
ing Friday. 

But what does it mean? 

Hutchison Telecom UJC, owned 
by Hutchison Whampoa Ltd. of 
Hong Kong and British Aerospace 
PLC, hopes it win mean business. 
Cellular telephone business. 

In just (wo weeks, Hutchison win 
launch its cellular-based personal 
communications network, which it 
has named Orange. The name, and 


campaign, is designed to convey 
it the PCN, which sends 


the idea that the i 


voice, data and faxes using mobile 
phones, is “ample, friendly and ap- 
proachable," said Chris Moss, di- 
rector of marketing. 

Hutchison Telecom is investing a 
lot in Orange. It plans to spend a 
total of £700 milh'mi (SI .03 billion) 
to buQd its digital network stretch- 
ing from the south coast of Eng- 
land to Glasgow and Edinburgh in 
Scotland. By the middle of 1995, 
the ceOul&r service will be available 
to 90 percent of the population. 

The investment in Orange repre- 
sents a bold new departure for 
Hutchison Telecom, whose misad- 
ventures have cost the Hong Kong 
parent dearly and contributed to an 
executive reshuffle there last year. 


Investors Beat a Path to Phnom Penh 


A genre Fnmce-Frase 

PHNOM PENH — Cambodia's finance 
and industry minis ters are among the busiest 
men in Phnom Penh these days, with double- 
booked appointment calendars and investors 
waiting in the hallways well after business 
hours to see (hem. . 

If anyone thinks that the lifting of lheU.S. 
embargo against Hanoi means investors are 
ignoring Cambodia in favor of Vietnam, they 
had better think again. 

Cambodia has privatized 50 of its 70 state- 
owned enterprises in (he last two years, At 
least 10 investors are competing to restart a 
damaged oil refinery on the southern coast 
after British and Japanese oil exploration 
companies found promising signs off the 
coast this year. 

Chinese investors have rebuilt a cement 
factory, and Malaysians are eyeing Cambo- 
dia's old rubber plantations. 

“I have been receiving more people than I 


can handle as far as investors are concerned," 
the industry and mines minister, Pou Soth- 
riak, said, citing 30 to 40 meetings a week. 

Thais lead the pack, but Singaporeans, 
Malaysians, South Koreans and investors 
from Taiwan and France are not far behind, 
he said. 

The catalogue of callers includes France's 
Sofitel hold chain. Coca-Cola Co. and Pep- 
siCo Inc.; Canon Inc. and Motorola Ino; 
Toyota Motor Corp., Nissan Motor Co., Peu- 
geot SA, Daimler-Benz AG. to Bayerische 
Motoren Werke AG and Daewoo Group; 
United Pared Services, DHL Inc.-and.TNT 
Ltd. 

Dragon Air and the national carriers, of 
Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia and Vietnam 
all fly to Phnom Penh. Hundreds of small 
businessmen from Asia crowd the holds. 

Cambodia does not compile statistics on 
foreign investment, but investment must al- 
ready be running into the millions of dollars. 


Most-favored-nation status, to be accord- 
ed Cambodia this year by the United States, 
is expected to lure Thai textile mills to cheap 
cotton and a way of skirting U.S. quotas with 
“Made in Cambodia” labels. 

Contrasting his country with Vietnam, Mr. 
Pou Sothirak said: “In Cambodia we have 
political reform. We are a liberal democracy, 
we privatize our industry. It is not state- 
pjanned. It is market-driven. We want compa- 
nies to come here, produce here and export. 

“Any long-term investors should ask them- 
selves, “Can Vietnam survive its economic 
changes? Can the political system survive? 1 " - 
Finance Minister Sam Rainsy, who spends 
part of his day in meetings with foreign 
investors seeking tax exemptions, is encour- 
aged by lowered inflation figures, higher tax 
revenues and a balanced budget. 

Grass national product grew by 5.7 percent 

neaa^d^^perewit for Vietnam. 


Canada Talks Helicopters 'Wilh Taiwan 

The Associated Pros 

TAIPEI — Canada would be willing to transfer technology for build- 
ing helicopters to Taiwan, Douglas Young, Canadian minister of trans- 
port, said Thursday. .. . , ^ . 

Mr. Young said the offer was conditional on Taiwan s setting up a 
framework for civilian helicopter services. Taiwan's Transportation Min- 
istry is considering allowing private companies to operate helicopters, 
something that only the military and police can do now. 


T1IC (O.T.C.) JAPAN FUND sfcov 

Society d'mvestissemefit a capital variable 

R.C. Luxembourg B 29215 


EB fflCE nF JHE 

The Annual General Meeting of the sharelwldcre of THC (O.TX.) 
Japan Fund will be held at its registered office 16. boulmud Royal, 
L-?449 Luxembourg, on Friday the -9lb or April 1994, at 
1 1:00 a.m., for the purpose of considering and voting on the 
following matters: 

1. Submission of the Directors* snd Auditor's reports 
tor the y ear enrdtog 31/12/199#; 

2. Approval of the imnnal accounfa tor Che year endOng 
31/12/1993; 

3. Appropriation of the mmlta; 

4 Ducharse to the Directors «*«d the Auditor for the 

o' ***** ^ **** ***** 

31/12/1993; 

5. Acceptance of the appointment of a new Director; 

6. Miscellaneous. 

Ration, on the a bove- m enhoned ^end. .ill be by , 


me flour*— & * . 

into majority of the shareholders present or represented at the 
meeting?Any shareholder may art at the Meeting by proxy. 

The Board of Directors. 



TOKYO (O.T.C.) FUND sicov 

Sodefe d’rn vesti sse merit a capital variable 
R.G LaxendHrorg B *7155 

iwvnrir o f AivnniAl r.FKFBAL W E E HHS 

The Annual Ceoe^i 

Fund will be held al "gj the 29 th of April 1994 , at 11 -J 0 

o( considering sod voUng on U.c following 

mailers: 

... nirrHnM and Auditor’s reports 

a. or ib* — i «*— 

, 31/12/1993; 

[ 5 App™pri* u »” “ r *‘' ( ^ ; ind ftc Aodhor for the 
! S *■«« daring U»* wear coding 

31/12/1993; ^l-ontion of a Director and 

simple majority of ,he ^^^Sng b, pro«. 
meeting. Anv shairholH'T nraj a 

The Board ofWreriws* 



CALOR. ROWENTA. S E B . TEFAL 

1ST QUARTER consolidated sales 



1934 

(FRF millions] 

1994/1993 

[%) 

12 months 
rolling 
(%) 

Franca 

BOI 

- 0.3 

- 

Germany 

279 

- 3.4 

+ 1.0 

Other European countries 

527 

- 

- 7.0 

NAFTA* 

255 

+ 15.0 

+ 18.0 

Other countries 

15B 

+ 19.0 

+ 22.0 

Total 

1.820 

+ 2.6 

+ 1.6 


* rvtann Amencan Free Trade Agreement 

If you wish a receive the Annual Report, please tetepbone or write: 
Groupe S03 - Service Comnwjtabon - B.P 173 
691 33 ECULLY CEDEX- FRANCE - Tel.: (33) 73.30. 16.40. 


LEI COM FUND SICAV 

20, Boulevard Emmanuel Servais 
L-2535 Luxembourg 


avis AUX actionivaibes 

Modems Jes adranaits sort convoques par kt present avis & 

L'ASSEMBLEE GENERALE OHDINAIRE DES ACTIONNAIRKS 

qui bc tiendra au siege social a Luxembourg le 25 avnl 1994 a 
15 h 30, avee I'ordre du jour suivant : 

ORDBEPU JOUB 

1. Rapport de gestion du GonseO tf Administration; 

2 Rapport dn Revfaenr dTEntrqprlaes; 

3. Adoption des comptes de l'exerclce an 31 D*- 
eembre 1993; 

4. Affectation do rfauHat; 

5. DAefaarge a ox adminWraienrs et an Rferiaenr «*TEn- 
fereprises; 

6. Nomination des organes aoeian* * 

- Rlelection des administrateurs sortants, a I’cxceplion de 
Monsieur Olivier MAUMU5 el C.PA. - VIE PARIS, represent* 
par Monsieur Jcan-Philippe THIERRY, ijui demission ncnl; 

- Ratification de la nomination dc Monsieur Jcan-Philippe 
THIERRY, co tanl qu’administrateur a litre personnel, el oellr 
de Monsieur Donat BRANCER. cn Replacement dc Monsieur 

Oimcr MAUMUS; 

- Reeled ion du Rcriscur d’F.nlrcpriscs. 

Lcs resolutions des action naircs lore dc l'A»cmblcc Ccn«ralcO^J- 
nairc scront vot6« a tine majonte ample des actionnaircs presents 
et volants. 

Cheque action a un droit dc vole. 

Tout oetionnain* peut voter par mandalsire. 

Pour la sodeli, 

BAWJUE DE CESTHW EDMOND DE ROTHSCHILD LUXEMBOURG 
20, Boulevard Emmanuel Servais 
L - 2535 Luxembourg 


Hutchison Whampoa, which 
holds 65 percent of the U.K. unit, 
took a £183 million charge last year 
as it shut down a mobile telephone 
service rue by Hutchison Telecom 
that could be used only for outgo- 
ing calls. 

Simon Murray, who resigned last 
autumn as managing director of 
Hutchison Whampoa, had chan- 
neled heavy investment into the 
British tdecommimica tions unit, 
which some analysts said had led to 
his loss of favor in the company. 

The new marketing effort in Brit- 
ain for Orange also has its critics. 
They sneer at the name of (he cam- 
paign, which they have corrupted 
to “zero-range" and “agent or- 
ange." 

“A lot of people rhink Orange is 


a lemon," said Dean hyers, an ana- 
lyst al Data quest 

As the fourth British mobile- 
telephone provider in a market rap- 
idly approaching 25 milli on cellu- 
lar users, analysts said that Orange 
must make a marketing splash to 
grab attention. 

“Hutchison’s the last in, and that 
makes rt difficult for them to com- 
pete for mind-share," said Mr. 
Eyers. 

Orange's most direct competitor 
is Mercury One-2-One, a personal 
communication network that is a 
50-50 joint venture of Mercury 
Communications PLC and US 
West International Mercury, in 
turn, is SO percent owned by Cable 
& Wireless PLC 


• Indonesia will import 10,000 tons of high-quality rice from the United 
States under a $200 million export-credit program. 

• PT General Motors Buma Indonesia will start making Ope Is at a plant 
in west Java that GM left in the 1960s; GM recently injected SI 10 mill i nn 
into the venture, of which it owns 60 percent while the rest is owned by 
PT Gannak Motor, headed by a half-brother of President Suharto. 

• Hotel Properties Ltd. of Singapore, through a subsidiary, has teamed up 

with Indonesian partners including Hutomo Mandate Putra Suharto, 
President Suharto’s sou. to buy the Four Seasons Resorfcin Bali for $42 
minio n from E1E Bafi BV. - . 

• Janfine Haring Unit Trusts Ltd. will resume accepting new cheats from 

Jane I. now that it has cleared the backlog that prompted it to dose to 
new customers Jan. 14; the fund manager is raising the minim um initial 
investment level to SlOJXXJfrom $1,000 previously. . ,«* 

• Taiwan Power Co. has awarded the KWU unit of Siemens AG a, 1 

billion Deutsche mark ($585 millioa) contract to build a 2,360 megawatt 
gas-fired electric power plant near the dty of Tainan.; " ~ 

AP.AFP, AFX. Bloomberg, Reuters 


Electronics Industry Paves Way lor Home Digital YGRs 


The Associated Press 

TOKYO — Fifty American. European and 
Asian companies agreed Thursday on standards 
for home digital videocassette recorders, which 
provide belter picture quality and deaner copies 
of tapes ihan conventional models. 

The agreement means consumers could be 
able to buy digital VCRs as soon as early next 
year, industry officials said. 

But prices for the first generation of products 
are likely to be high — about 300,000 yen 


($2900), according to the industry publication 
Electronic Engineering Times. 

A conference in Tokyo that included the 
major Japanese VCR makers announced stan- 
dards for VCRs used with conventional televi- 
sions and for those used with Japan's high- 
definition TV system, called Hi- Virion. 

A statement said standards for a future 
HDTV system now being created in the United 
States should be ready by the end of the year. 


Digital VCRs have been used by profession- 
als for some time, but until recent advances in 
data compression they were too big for homes, 
Andrew House, a spokesman for the (infer- 
ence, said. i 

According to the standards announced Thurs- 
day, tapes will come in two cassette sizes. The re- 
gular size would be about two-thirds the size of a 
VHS cassette and be able to record for four-and- 
a- half-hours. A smaller version would be about 
half the regular size and record fra- one hour. 


Washington & World Business 


THE OUTLOOK FOR GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP 
WASHINGTON, D.C. APRIL 2 1 - 22, 1994 


April 20 


April 22 


Ronald H. Brown U.S. Secretary of Commerce, will be 
our guest speaker at the opening dinner to be held at the 
Corcoran Gallery of Art. 


April 21 


A FOREIGN POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE POST COLD WAR ERA 

■ Warren M. Christopher U.S. Secretary of Stare 

A REPUBLICAN RESPONSE 

■ Senator Malcolm Wallop R.. Wyoming 

BEYOND THE URUGUAY ROUND 

■ Ambassador Rufus Yerxa Deputy U.S. Trade 
Representative 

AMERICA’S GLOBAL TRADE OBJECTIVES; STRUGGLING 
TOWARDS EQUITY 

■ Senator Max Baucus D.. Montana 

THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION: SUCCESSES & SETBACKS 

■ Senator Nancy Landon Kassebaum R.. Kansas 

THE CHANGING U.S. FINANCIAL SERVICES SECTOR 

■ Robert D. Hormats Vice Chairman. Goldman Sachs 
International 

THE INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS RACE 
& THE AMERICAN INFORMATION SUPERHIGHWAY 

■ Larry Irving Assistant Secretary for Communications 
& Information, U.S. Department of Commerce 

m Gerald H. Taylor Executive Vice President MCI 
Communications Services 

EXPANDING BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST 
a Amnon Neubach Economic Minister. Embassy of Israel. 
U.SJ\. 

■ Sari Nusseibeh Fellow. Woodrow Wilson Center. 
Washington, D.C. 

m Toni Verstandig Deputy Assistant Secretary, U.S. 
Department of State 

■ Moshe Wertheim President. Israel-American Chamber of 
Commerce & Industry 

THE CHANGING BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN CENTRAL 
& EASTERN EUROPE 

■ John Baltay European Counsel. Shearman & Sterling. 
Budapest 

m Marcelo Setowsky Chief Economist for Europe & Central 
Asia. The World Bank 

a Frank Vargo Deputy Assistant Secretary. U.S. 

Department of Commerce 

HEALTH CARE REFORM: THE IMPLICATIONS FOR BUSINESS 
a Gregory Lawler Head of the Health Care Campaign. 

The White House 

■ Dana Priest Principal National Desk Reporter on 
Health Care Reform, The Washington Post 

m Tom A. Scully Partner. Patton. Boggs & Blow, 

Washington, D.C. 

■ Donald Shriber Counsel. U.S. House of Representatives 
Committee on Energy and Commerce 


THE ADMINISTRATION'S DOMESTIC ECONOMIC PROGRAM: 

IS IT ON TRACK? 

■ Robert E. Rubin Assistant to the President for Economic 
Policy 

AN OUTSIDER’S VIEW 

■ Hobart Rowen Columnist. The Washington Post 
THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS: ARE THEY 
DOING THEIR JOB? 

■ H. Onno Rudlng Vice Chairman. Citicorp/Crtibank 

U.S. ECONOMIC RELATIONS WITH EUROPE 

■ Lawrence H. Summers U.S. Under Secretary of the 
Treasury for International Affairs 

THE HEART OF THE MATTER: COMPETITIVENESS IN AMERICA. 
EUROPE & ASIA 

■ Peter J. Neff President & Chief Executive Officer. 
fflifine-Rou/enc Inc. 

THE PRESIDENT’S ECONOMIC AGENDA 

■ Roger C. Altman Deputy Secretary. Department of the 
Treasury 

Conference Location 

The Willard Inter-Continental Hotel, 

1401 Pennsylvania Avenue N.W., Washington, D.C. 20004. 
Tel: (1) 202 628 9100 Fax: (1) 202 637 7326 
To reserve accommodation at a preferential rate, contact the 
reservations department at The Willard as soon as possible. 
Please notify the hotel that your reservation is in connection with 
the ECACC/IHT conference. 

Registration Information. 

The fee for the conference is US$ 1,250. This includes', the 
opening dinner on Wednesday. April 20. both lunches, the cockihil 
reception and all documentation. Fees are payable in advance , 
and will be refunded less a USS 125 cancellation charge for any 
cancellation received in writing on or before April 14. after which 
time we regret there can be no refund. 

Registration Form 


To regiaier for ihe conference, please complete the form 
below and send it to: 

Sarah While field. International Herald Tribune, 63 Long Acre, 
London WC2E 9JH Tek 1 4-1 71)836 4802 Fax: (44 71 > 836 0717 

Enclosed is a check for L’SS 1:150. made payable jo iho gr 
International Herald Tribune. - J 

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Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 



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E^ 'I ’I 

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— 782 6% AH 

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re i|S I3%dl2% 
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24ft 21 Staraanl 
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J2 22 11 562 23 22% Sft -Vi 

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_ 19 181 19% 19% 19ft _ 
e - 1017554 24ft 23% 23ft -% 

V — _ 117 It 11 U +% 

> _ _ 130 3$% 35 3S% +% 

r _ _ 546 7% 6% 7ft— ft 

_ _ 1042 13 12% 12 %,— Vu 

_ 34 368 Wn 5 

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p _ _ 544 19% 18 18% — 1 

1 _ 37 49 15 74% 15 4% 

2 - IS 285 13 12 12% —ft 

ni _ „ S*0 23% 22% 22ft — % 

1 _ _ 727 23% 22ft 23 —ft 

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I J3 J 22 600 48% 47 47 —ft 

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_ 2 279 9ft Bft Bft —ft 

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39ft 25ft VctyBc* 
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20 mveiixph 
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52 29ft Viking 
28% BVrVISX 
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_ 22 1648 38 

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_ 4313652 61% 
_ _ 977 13% 

3,1 i si s; s* 

- 20 * l 5 JS ^ 

_ _ 460 22ft 

_ 27 811 16% 

JDi 5 43 72 20 

1J» 23 10 « 

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-900 332 

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17% — ft - 
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S*-£ 

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15% 4% 
26 4% 

45% —ft . 
18 4ft 
5% 4ft 
20% -ft 
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33 1.1 21 1527 
JO 1 J T9 at 
_ 27 534 


60 lmWdMa _ 3B 201 

TllilZftWtnJjX, _ _ 19644 


RR5SE&. S b S IR 

rS6«SfS J2 3 re ’re 

35 21%WausPS J4 J 18 94 

l7%l4%WabcDind _ _ 19 

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87%38%V^MtS _ 491SSZ2 

33% 10% Warner S .13 J 22 138 


7H— ft Z2%I3%WdMar _ 32 56 

12*%,— ft, 23% 9 WNowtn JO 1 J 21 68 

5IA,— Vi 32 22%WdOnes 77 XS 12 5533 

22ft —ft 24%10%W»COlS - 40 1746 

27ft 4ft 14% 12% Westerned _ _ 141 

IBM— 1 20% 11 li WstrFfe _ _ $626 

15 4% 301* fftWVWotr -925 865 

12% — % 19ftll%WstSys 1337 

22% — % HB% 2ftW$nwOn - - 2873 

23 -ft 35 29 WhteRvr _ - 4B 

Sft, —ft, 25% 15ftWWSd S - 30 1003 

47 —ft 30% 3ft WhBtty S _ 96 1356 

10ft 4ft 24% 12% WldcLu - 15 2382 

59%35%WBIomlS 96 21 23 1215 

39ft MiWVnSans — 52 2335 

31 23% WtmTrs 1J» 4J 11 355 

76% 38 WlacCT _ 31 538 

29% 15 WdndwBB - 38 1788 

21% 16% WgrtflD » J U » 3576 

5Pft29W7GftDC - 37 40*9 

28% 7% Xircom - 34 4297 

18% 12 XpwBe - 47 457 

32 12%XYiogtC - 22 76 

30 13%Xvplex — 12 2051 

30%l£ftYelto«CP J4 4J 32 4822 

34 V, 15% Younker — 6 264 

lift 8 ZotoCp _ - S71 

60% 27 zebra _ 23 794 

2sft aftZenuws _ 17 iw 

40% Zl ft ZUog „ 22 3330 

48% 34 ZianBcp 1.12 19 10 820 

43% 17 ZOOMod - » 1134 


30ft 30ft SOU— ft 
38% 28 28 

8% 7VL 8 — % 

38 32% 38 +2% 

isftdm* i5ft -« 
22% 21 31 ~4k 

19% If 19%—% 
14% 13% 14% - 

36% 26 26 

2B% 2B 26% —ft 
16ft 16% 16% - 

25 24 24% —ft 

67 62 65 -1% 

29% 28% 29 —ft 
19% 16% 19% _ 

23ft Oft 23% _ 

3Wu 29 29ft _ 
19 IBM 18ft — % 
Wft 1 2ft 12ft —Vi 
lift 11%, 11% -ft 
18% 17 18% _ 

17% 16ft 16ft —ft 
8% 7ft 7*Vu — US, 
30% 29 Vi 30 - ft 

19 18 1B4%-JM 

T7% 15% 17% +% 
19% 16% 17% —2 
47% 45% 46% +'A 
306 33% 34ft— 1ft 
23% 24% 23% -% 
71 49% 71 _ . 

16 ■ IS 15ft —ft 

20¥ir 2D 20ft —ft 
SO 46% 49 -% 

24% Z2ft 23ft _ 
14ft 15% 16 _ 

20 19% 20 — A 

16% 14% 16% -lft 
21ft 20ft 21% —ft 

17 16ft 17 _ 

9 Sft BWh -ft, - 
36 35 35 —1% 

15 14 14ft _ 

31% 30ft 31 —ft 
39ft 38 38ft +% 
27ft 25 27 -lft • 


12 Worth 
Hah Low Suck 


9s 

DN Yld Pg 100s 




Thursday’s Closing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on Wan Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 







































World News. World Views. 

Fvmv day the International Herald Tribune provides dear and concise coverage of world events 
Every day, tne jntema scrupulous separation of reporting and opinion. 

For obiectiveand in&tive reading, make sure you get your copy every day. 
Europe/Africa/Middle East dS|852| 9 & 2 - 1 188, The Americas (212) 752 3890. 

IlcratoJSSSribune 

HHIJMIU. wtTH THf NKW MMtk T1W-- rUF U ISHIKKTIW PrtST 


I 





















































































Pag* 20 

. ADVERTISING SECTION 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE , FRIDAY, APRIL 15* 1994 


a nvF.RTISING SECTION 



".’i'.'-i" . ."5 

•*'..'%• 'vU'.' 4 

j'tv VS 







A W P WM iiMHWMiWS 


Study a Language 
Where It Is Spoken 


T here is no better 
place to learn a 
language than in 
a country where 
it is spoken. Language 
schools that cater to travelers 
are big business these days, 
and many have found innov- 
ative ways to combine plea- 
sure with language-learning. 
Some are located in country 
chateaux, while others offer 
such added enticements as 
wndsurfing, classes or tours 
of local attractions. 

Intensive courses are espe- 
cially popular with interna- 
tional businesspeople who 
need to learn a new language 
quickly, and many schools 
are how catering to their 
special needs. 

The University d’Aix 
Marseille 10, located in the 
lovely old Provencal town of 
Aix-en-Provence, offers 
three intensive four- week 
courses in French in June. 
July and September. Small 
groups spend 20 hours a 


week in class, and in the af- 
ternoons, two-hour work- 
shops cover special topics 
such as comic books fa veri- 
table art form in France). 
French literature and poetry 
or commercial French. Sat- 
urdays are devoted to out- 
ings in Provence. Students 
may also take courses during 
the university's normal se- 
mesters, from October to 
January or February to May. 

At the Instirut de Frangais 
in Villefranche, near Nice, 
the beauty of the setting on 
the French Riviera helps to 
take the pain out of learning. 
The school offers two- or 
four-week total-immersion 
courses that stress diversi- 
fied teaching approaches in 
small groups in a French- 
only speaking environment 
Classes are held in a hand- 
some hillside villa overlook- 
ing the port town and the 
sea. Two meals a day are in- 
cluded. 

The Centre International 


a The most renowned school for French 

INSTITUT DE ERANfAIS 

an INTENSIVE COMPLETE IMMERSION course on the Rivii 
8 hrs per day with 2 meals 
For adoh*. 8 levels : Beginners I to Advanced 11 

_ Next 2-4 week course starts May 2, May 30 and all year. 
- 06230 ViDefranche/Mer Dla, France. TeL 93 01 88 44 Far: 93 lb 92 IT. 


Foreign teachers & students have chosen 
Grenofate to team French for over 100 years— 





Housing in French famffies or private. 

CtlEF - Universite Stendhal Grenoble HI 
BP 25 - 38040 Grenoble Cedex 9 France 
Tel: (33) 76 82 43 70 Fax: (33) 76 8241 15 


THE AMERICAN SCHOOL OF PARIS 
41 rue Poseur, 92216 Sr. Cloud 
Tel: 46 02 54 -43 


SPECIAL S. AT. KAPLAN PREPARATION 
INTENSIVE ENGLISH for all ages - FRENCH all levels 
SPECIAL QUESTION-ANSWER SEMINAR - MAY 5, 7:30 PAL AT ASP 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE 

Schwabisch Gmiind, Germany 


Degree Programs 

Bachelor of Arts (BA) • Bachelor of Science (B.S.) 
Master of International Management (M.f.M.) 

' Study Abroad 

Academic Year • Semester • Summer 

Academic Concentrations 

Business & Management • International Studies 
German & European Studies * American Studies 
Computer Studies 

Residential Campus 

Dormitories • Dining Facility • Student Center 


AdmMomi OIBce. Bn 3SB 
UnlvwaUAtapwk 

73635 Sc / w ri Wch QntOnd. Oermmny 
Tel: 4-49 (7171)10070 
fwc +4« (7i7i) areas 


L canted UMUC or 

Internationa! Program*. Box4A 
Untvarafcy BM. B Addphl Road 
Catena Paris, MD 20743-7644, USA 
Tel: +1(301)985-7442 
Fax: +1 (301)985-7878 


A Major American University 
in the Heart of Europe 


PARSONS 

school of design 

SUMMER 

1994 


NEW YORK 


Pf-RI S 


Intensive art and design program in new york city 
June 27 to July 28 or paris July l to July 28 • open 
to high school students, teachers, independent 
artfstp. and designers, and serious amateurs 
contact parsons school of design, office of admissions, 
66 fifth avenue new york, new york 1001 1. telephone: 
212-223-8910 or 800-252-0852, ext. 1 4, fax: 212-229-8975 
pram school uldoign u a division of the nev. whool for social retouch 

the best souvenir could be your portfolio 



d'Etudes Frangaises 
(CJJE.F.), affiliated with the 
University de Bourgogne in 
the Burgundian capital of 
Dijon, offers French-lan- 
guage courses year-round 
for foreign students. In addi- 
tion, the summer program, 
in July and August, has op- 
tional lessons in literature, 
history, art history, econom- 
ic and commercial French, 
French civilization and re- 
gional cooking. Guided vis- 
its of the beautiful city of 
Dijon and other sites in Bur- 
gundy are available, as are 
longer trips to the ch§teaux 
of the Loire Valley, 
Provence and Paris. 

There is also a C.I.E.F. 
French language and civi- 
lization program within the 
Universite Lumifcre Lyon 2. 
A summer school program 
in July and September pro- 
vides intensive language 
courses as well as a varied 
program of cultural and 
recreational activities. The 
center also caters to groups 
of students from foreign uni- 
versities who wish to have a 
program especially designed 
for them. 

CUEF, at the University 
Stendhal Grenoble III, has 
been offering French-lan- 
guage courses to foreigners 
for more than 100 years. In 


addition to intensive and 
semi-intensive French 
courses, the program offers 
courses in literature and civ- 
ilization. law, economics 
and science. 

The French American 
Study Center in Lisieux re- 
ceives students from all over 
the world. The center can 
adapt its instruction in the 
French language to nearly 
any profession. Teenagers 
are welcome, and the center 
will help students find hous- 
ing, often in the homes of lo- 
cal families. 

For those who prefer to 
study in Paris, there are 
many options. The Institut 
Pari si en offers both inten- 
sive and extensive courses 
year-round. There is also in- 
struction in French history, 
art history and literature, as 
well as business French and 
French for tourists. In addi- 
tion, the school organizes 
trips to museums and plays. 
Special courses can be 
adapted to the needs of 
schools or companies, and 
help is provided in finding 
accommodations. 

The name of the Sor- 
bonne, part of the university 
complex in Paris's ancient 
Latin Quarter, has a special 
cachet for foreigners. The 
Sorbonne's Cours de Civili- 


ImERmmoHA, Biuikkmil School of Provoke 

BSngucV Curriculum French Bocccdoureat* 

Primcxy and Socondaiy: IGCSE, A L*vwlx. SAT. lOffL FCt, CPE- 
A heathy balance at 250 French and Eno&rti spooking students set In 
the calm Provencal countryside. 

U lT EWmn OfWL STQDT CffilP cKring school vocations centred on 
learning French In total immonlon w*h sports, drama, cuBmcd tourism. 


CIPEC 


Ms Danutas da FonRtaao. Lnjws 
V" - 13080 Ah m Provsncs. Rones. 

Tel: (16) 42-24JJ3.40 
Fax: (16)42^4.0941 


MenlM of As European 
FeOwattaa at Scfeooa. 

Bominafloa Csatre tar 
UahenBy or CanMdge. 

B Mitam l km Conns Mr 
Amsdcon exomlnaflon s . 


Day schoaHng - Boarding tacMHes. 




International Education for the 21st Century 

• Coeducational boardmg school, grades 9- 12, 13th year 

> University preparation: International Baccalaureate, Advanced 
Placement, US High School Diploma; exccDnfl examination results 

> Accredited by Middle Stales Association and EOS 

• Recreation, excursions, sports, ski program, family atmosphere 

> SUMMER PROGRAMS: JUNE -AUGUST 

■ Summer in Switzerland: ages 14 - 19, Alpine A&rtnUux, ages 10-13 
Englisfa-as-a T Second- Language, French, inerattional theater, 
computer studies, arts & crafts, sports, activities, excursions 

■ Located in beautiful Alpine resort of Leysin above Lake Geneva 

LEYSIN AMERICAN SCHOOL 

IN SWITZERLAND + 

Tefc-4i;23) 333 777 Fbe -41fXQ 34 13 S3 Uf 
CH1IS+-M Lapin, SwftahMl ^a 


sation Frangaise, a special 
program for those over the 
age of IS who wish to learn 
the French language and 
culture, has summer courses 
of varying lengths and for 
all levels of language profi- 
ciency from June through 
September. Morning cours- 
es stress grammar and writ- 
ten expression and are sup- 
plemented with homework 
and afternoon conferences 
for interested students on 
French culture and art. A 
course for professors and 
visitors with an advanced 
level of French is also of- 
fered from the beginning of 
July to mid-August. Courses 
for beginners and intensive 
courses are also available 
during the summer. . 

The Universite de la Sor- 
bonne Nouveile - Paris m is 
also located in the Paris stu- 
dent quarter and offers 
courses in French language, 
literature and civilization. 
Available are a one-year 
diploma in the three areas, a 
university degree in French 
studies for foreigners and 
language courses for all lev- 
els. as well as a diploma in 
French Language and Lin- 
guistic Studies. 

Parents who wish to edu- 
cate their children abroad 
also, have many options at 
their disposal. 

At the Ecole Active 
Bilingue in Paris, which is 
celebrating its 40th anniver- 
sary. students can choose 
between the American, 
British or French education- 
al programs. There is also an 
adaptation section to prepare 
foreign students to enter the 


French educational system. 

The Club* Ecole - Va- 
cances, part of CIPEC (the 
International Center for Ed- 
ucation and Culture) com- 
bines a summer camp at- 
mosphere with the serious 
study of French during 
school holidays. French lan- 
guage courses for foreign 
children and teenagers and 
brush-up courses for French 
youngsters are held in the 
morning, and the afternoons 

The beauty helps to take 
the peon out of learning 

are reserved for sports, the- 
ater in the French language, 
excursions, games and cul- 
tural activities. Students are 
either housed on-site or with 
French families. Located in 
the Provengal countryside 
near Aix-en-Provence, the 
center has a gymnasium, six 
tennis courts, swimming 
pools and game areas. 

Those who want to offer 
their children an American 
education abroad can find 
American schools in most 
major capitals of the world. 
In Paris, there is the Ameri- 
can School of Paris, for 
kindergarten to grade 13, 
which stresses preparation 
for entrance to American 
universities- Both an Ameri- 
can high-school diploma 
and the International Bac- 
calaureate (IB) can be ob- 
tained there. The school's 
summer program offers 
courses in intensive English 
for non-native speakers, an 
S.A.T. preparatory class, in- 


VERSAILLES INTERNATIONAL SUMMER QflfERSnY 

SH 7ih-29ih July 

"O' offers 2 types of courses V35r 

■ "classical oviuzatton" section: an exceptional program of lectures and 
cultural visits in French. 

• “french language and ovtuzation' section: advanced level French 
course in small groups. 

Brochure sent on request 


UL&.V.6 

TeL-P 


use des Gendarmes - 78000 VERSAILLES 
30.97.83.90. ■ Fa* (33-1) 39-53-04.74. 


The INSTITUT PARISEEN; A 

• is open all year round. JI 

• It is possible lo start a course _ t HSTTIUT MBW 

at the beginning of any week DELAKGUE 

(except for beginners). ETreaVBJSATOffRANCUSES 

• ofiere two types of courses; 

EXTENSIVE, 4 1/2 or 9 hours per week (academic year) 
INTENSIVE, /5 or 25 hours per week fall year through). 

• also offers courses of French civilisation (history, art histoiy and 
literature) as well as French for Business and French for Tourism. 

• organizes private courses and works out any program for schools, 
universities, companies... 

• helps you look for accommodation. 

87 boulevard de GrsoeUc, 75015 Paris. - Tel: (I) 40 56 09 53; fix: (!) 40 56 0953. 
Far information and enrolment, we are open from Monday la Friday 9 am -4 pm 


Chateau MontChoisi 

Che min des Ramie rs 16. La Rosiaz 
CH- 1009 Puffy/Lausanne (Lake of Geneva] Switzerland 
TeL: 41-21/728 8777 - Fax: 41-21/728 8864 

Int erna t io nal Boarding School lor Girts 


Accredited by European Council of Intern at ional Schools 
and New English Association of Schools and Colleges. 

Beautifully situated. Finest facilities for study and residence, tennis court, 
swimming pool. 

Comprehensive academic program in small dosses. 

Intensive study of French and English, language laboratory. Video medtods. 
Americanproy am , Grades 9-12. FG year. CEEB (P5AT, SAT, AQH, 
Advanced Placement) TOEFL College Guidance. 

Secretarial and commercial courses. Computer science. 

Preparation (dr Hotel tourism and Design Schools. 

Diversified activities: art, design, music, jazz, cookery, sports. 

Ed u cati o nal trips. Winter vacations in Crons, Swiss Alps. 

Sumner course: July 3-30, 1 994. 

From September 91 coeducational clay sdiooL 


i ProgrmoftheUnivasttyof Hartford 
taught in Eogfeh. 
i Tuition includes preparation tor 
TOEFL & GHAT. 

i Bachelor in Business Mmustottiaii 


2 yearsin France and 1 year on the 
campus of the University ol Hartford or 
3yearam France. 

Majors : Finance. Economics Marketing. 
I Raster in Business Administration 


1 year: Parts or Hartford. 


AN AMERICAN 
M.B.A 
IN 4 YEARS 
FRANCE/U.S.A 


American business School 

Academic Affiliation Wilh 

UNIVERSITY OF HARTFORD 


MRB7511i • 15, «. DE IA HUNK OOB .TiL : (3111 «U»lJtlT . Fax ; (33.1) 40J7.9SJC 
(SIB • 24, <tVBttEJ0AJfltE$HA$S£T.B41 5. TtL: (33) 78. B4.T5J1. Fax: (33)703-21.18 
MARSailf OU.S-2I. COB® PHBS PUGET. T«.:P3)91 J5JB.4I - Fix: (33) 91 J5JI.78 



tensive French, a theater 
course and sports and recre- 
ation. 

In St.-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, 
students can even receive a 
Canadian education, at the 
Lycee Canadien eo France. 
The curriculum of the 
school’s two-year college- 
preparatory course is based 
on official Canadian guide- 
lines. Excursions and trips 
include visits to nearby sites 
as well as travels all over Eu- 
rope and even to Africa. This 
summer, the school is spon- 
soring an enrichment pro- 
gram, a journalism and me- 
dia course, and a film pro- 
duction course at Oxford 
University in England; a 
“grand tour”' of Europe; a 
biking tour of Europe that 
meanders from Austria to 
England; and a French stud- 
ies course in the South of 
France. Farther afield, there 
is a trip to the Galapagos Is- 
lands and the Equatorial 
Amazon and an environ- 
mental studies program in 
Costa Rica. 

Switzerland is well-known 
for its many fine boarding 
schools in idyllic settings. 
One of them is the Institut 
auf dem Rosenberg, located 
in over 25 acres of parkland 
overlooking the town of Sl 
Gallen. The school has five 
Special programs of study: 
the Anglo-American section, 
which prepares students for 
entrance to British and 
American universities; a 
modem-language course; a 
German-language section; 
an Italian section; and a 
commercial section. In July 
and August, the school of- 
fers special holiday language 
courses, along with other 
subjects as desired, and 
sprats and outdoor activities. 

There are five locations 
for Rosenberg’s Ariana holi- 
day language courses: in 
Arosa, Agra/Lugan, Leak, 



SL Gallen and Seefeld, Aus- 
tria. All students at the 
school have a personal tutor 
to take care of any problems 
they may have. 

Pas ses are also kept srnall 
pnrf individual attention em- 
phasized at the Institut 
Monte Rosa, located in Ter- 
ritet-Montreux on the shore 
of Lake Geneva. Developing 
a sense of community, 
sports and physical educa- 
tion are considered impor- 
tant aspects of the curricu- 
lum, which prepares stu- 
dents for the highTSchool 
diploma and for university 
examinations. Special busi- 
ness courses are available. 

In tbe summer and winter, 
Monte Rosa offers the 
“Swiss Holiday” program. 
Students from many coun- 
tries engage in sports and 
outdoor activities and take 
language courses. 

At Leysin American 
School, located in the Swiss 
Alps, students can obtain an 
American high-school diplo- 
ma and/or tbe International 
Baccalaureate. - Leysin 
stresses the importance of 
providing a family-like at- . 
mosphere for its 260 stu- 
dents from 40 countries. 

During the summer, 
Leysin offers two special 
programs. “Summer in 
Switzerland,” for 14 to 19 
year olds, includes inoming - 
courses in French, German 
and English literature, math, 
computer studies, English as 
a second language, drama, 
art and music. Afternoons' 
are devoted to sports and 1 
other activities. Weekend 
excursions take students to 
Bern, Geneva, Zermatt, 
Lucerne and even Paris. Th£_ 
summer school is known for 
its theater program. Leysin ’ s 
“Alpine Adventure” sum:, 
mer session is designed for 
10 to 13 year olds and has a 
program similar to that of 
Summer in Switzerland. 

CMteau Mont-Choisi, lo- 
cated in a residential district 
of Lausanne, is an interna- 
tional giiTs boarding school 
with a limited enrollment of 
only 120. High-school stu- 
dents at Mont-Choisi follow 
individually designed cours- 
es of study in small classes. 
An American program pre- 
pares them for admission to 
American universities, and 
there is an intensive Finench 
program. 

A four-week summer pro- 
gram in July offers four 
hours of French or English 
classes in the morning. In 
the afternoon, there are op- 
tional courses in such sub- 
jects as science, cooking or 
photography as well as 
sports and other activities. 


ART SCHOOL IN FRANCE 

The beauty of nature through Wen- 
she ardyas of foim aid Bght h Loire 
vfflage at surpris ingly affordable 
costs. Gsus bflngue. 

fieebroefueltom 
Ted Seth torcfo THer Astarar" 
49310 Les Cerqueux-sois-Passavant 


= ^YCEE CANADIEN EN FRANCE 

Place du Centenaire - 0623 0 St-Iean-Cap-Ferrat 

Located in the south of France, it provides students in the last [wo years of high 
school with a university-preparatory education, while Irving and studying in 
Europe. A broad range or courses is available and. while the school Is soundly 
academic i students have been admitted ro the top univereines in Canada, the 
USA. and England), there is an emphasis cm preparation for the Independence of 
university, personal development, and travel Accomodation is with local French 
families or in a supervised residence. Students can take SATs and AFs. 
Presentations on the school (Indndtsg Its wide range of snoaer progr am s 
la Europe and the Americas) will be held by the Headmaster. Mr. Gary D. 
O'Meara, la Paris (April 19), London (April 20), and Brussels (April 26). 

For information on the school and/or details abont the presanadous, 
please contact the Lycee at IPhone) 33-93 01 48 84 or (Rax) 3343 76 14 02. 


Centre international (fetudes fran^aises (C.I.E.F) 

International Center for French otutdBes 
Universite Lumiere Lyon 2 

An Integra part of the Urtverslte Lumfcre Lyon 2. Ihe most import- 
ant Unjvsrsfly of Ihe Rh6ne-Alpes Region. Ihe C.LE.F. Is situated In 
the center oMhe city of Lyon, it offere couses at oB leveb, semester 

programs, a Summer School In July and September. 

For Information and registrertton contact: 

C.I.E.F. 

Untvwrs&e Lum&re-lyon 2 
M tjual Cfautto-BsmareL F-49366 LYON Cedex 07 
Phone: 7fL69.71.35 or 36 - Fax: 7849.70.97 


UNIVERSITE AIX MARSEILLE III 

y —sT Aix-en-Provence 

I^J ™l Learn to sneak Fretnrh 


gill Learn to speak French 

ill S Ha I Univarsi, V year — two semesters 
J (October-January, February-May). 
Cfe: BUM ^ month-long summer intensive sessions 

^ HI ^ HI = ( June - July. September). 

Intfitut d’Etudes Francoises pour Itvdianls itrangMV 

23, rue Gaston-de-Soporta, 1 3625 Ahc-en^rovence, Cedex, France. 
Tel: 42 23 28 43. Fax.- 42 23 02 64. 


»RO 














INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 



1 Plage 21 

USING SECTION 


'.’!ra& ;'M 


t From Art to Revolution, Learning for Fun 




&&&**$&&* *** 


■.iS'A'iix. • :' :, 



; V*^'* » : 


ired of traditional 
tourism but still 
lovers of travel, 
many globetrot- 
tere are choosing to enrich 
. F^ir. holidays abroad by tak- 
,r \£ c ? Urses - They enjoy the 
added structure and the in- 
side look at a country's cul- 
ture provided by classes in 
subjects that are close to 
their hearts. 

The possibilities are end- 

u S 7 *^ ere are cooking 
schools, art and photography 
classes, historical tours, etc 
visitws might want to learn 
a craft, such as glassmaking 
'P '' e . n *ce, that is only prac- 
ticed in a particular place, or 
they might want to see 
Greece in the company of an 
expert in mythology. 

Parsons Paris, affiliated 
with the Parsons School of 
Design in New York, offers 
university-level courses in 
fashion, fine art. art history, 
decorative arts and architec- 
ture and photography, all 
taught in English. The 
school also has an English- 
i as-a-second-language pro- 
gram. Summer courses take 
full advantage of Paris’s 
wealth of offerings in each 


|N| . 

* v. 



Gastronomie Frangaise Ritz- 
Escoffier, located in the 
prestigious Hotel Ritz and 
named after the renowned 
chef who reigned over its 
kitchens a hundred years 
ago, offers a wide range of 
summer courses for aspiring 
and accomplished French 
cooks. The Cesar Ritz. Pas- 
try and French Regional 
Cooking courses require a 
basic knowledge of cooking 
and pastrymaking. Enroll- 
ments vary from one to six 
weeks, according to the stu- 
dent’s preference. Each 
week includes four practical 
classes limited to 10 per- 
sons, four demonstrations 
and a regional wine and 
cheese tasting. The one- 
week All About Fish Cook- 
ery course covers different 
methods of preparation, in- 
cluding soups, plus instruc- 
tion on how to choose and 
serve fish. A highlight is a 
visit to the fish market at 
Rungis, the huge wholesale 
food market near Paris. 

The course Summer En- 
tertaining concentrates on 
taking advantage of the sea- 
son's wide variety of fresh 
produce, with the accent on 


►v 

?i »*T 

* 

fjgpi 





Putting on the ritz is no problem for alumni of the famous 
hotel’s cooking school 


' : "A 


Budding chefs share a laugh over the fish. 


subject. An history classes 
are conducted in front of the 
original artworks, for in- 
stance, and fashion students 
visit designers’ studios and 
the famous Parisian depart- 
ment stores. 

The Ecole Franco- Amgri- 
caine de Beaux-Arts in An- 
jou, France offers bilingual 
drawing and painting cours- 
es for all levels of ability 
conducted by New Yorker 
Ted Seth Jacobs. Mr. Jacobs 
uses a classical approach 
based on an in-depth analy- 
sis of natural forms and the 
effects of light on surfaces. 
Subject matter includes 
landscapes, still Jifes and 
portraits. 

For those interested in the 
an of cooking, the Ecole de 


Mediterranean dishes. The 
Wine and Cheese in Food 
course teaches students to 
identify the families of 
cheeses and how to use wine 
in French cooking. A bonus 
in this course i s dinner at the 
Espadon, the Michelin two- 
star restaurant in the Hdtel 
Ritz. Eating also takes 
precedence in La Cuisine 
des Brasseries et Bistrots 
Parisiens, in which students 
not only leant about the typi- 
cal meals served in these 


Parisian establishments but 
also dine in two of them. 

Classes at the century-old 
Cordon Bleu cooking school 
in Paris offer an enjoyable, 
pain-free way to learn the 
secrets of French cooking. 
The class watches as a pro- 
fessional chef prepares a 
meal, explaining each step 
along the way. All instruc- 
tion is simultaneously trans- 
lated into English, and the 
atmosphere is convivial. Af- 
terward, the students have 
the pleasure of eating the re- 
sults before trying their own 
band at the recipes. 

This summer, the Cordon 
Bleu is offering, in addition 
to its usual wide range of 
classes and workshops, a 
four-week course in the ba- 
sic principles and techniques 
of French cooking and pas- 
try making. The emphasis is 
on helping students to adapt 
Bench recipes to their own 
culture, traditions and local 
ingredients. After the three- 
hour demonstrations by 
master chefs, they will cre- 
ate their own meals. Every- 
thing from boeuf bour- 
guignon to apple flan a la 
normande will be covered. 

Visitors need not stay in 
Paris to learn French cook- 


ing and pastrymaking. The 
Espace Friand in Sevres of- 
fers courses of one, two or 
six weeks as well as inten- 
sive brush-up coarses for 
both professionals and ama- 
teurs. Instruction is in Eng- 
lish, French and Japanese, 
and there is even a course in 
Japanese cooking that goes 
beyond sushi and sashimi. 
The emphasis here is on 
small groups and personal 
attention. 

Anyone interested in get- 
ting out of the kitchen and 
into a career in hotel and 


restaurant management 
should take a look at the In- 
stitut international Maxim’s 
de Paris. Students come 
from all over the world to 
leam the business the French 
have perfected at the school 
associated with the famous 
Maxim's restaurant. Visiting 

S rofessors from such far- 
ung locations as Australia, 
the United States and Ghin« 
add the requisite internation- 
al touch. At the end of the 
three-year course, students 
are awarded an International 
Hotel Management Diplo- 
ma. The school also offers 
an Executive MBA in asso- 
ciation with the University 
of Saint Xavier College of 
Chicago. 

For a broader range of in- 
terests, The American Uni- 
versity of Paris offers a wide 
selection of university-level 
courses in everything from 
the French language to art 
history, science, business 
administration, computer 
science and mathematics, 
economics, English, Euro- 
pean studies, photography, 
fine aits, international affairs 
and sociology. 

This summer’s program 
includes many new offer- 
ings, such as intensive 
French-language courses 
(one of which will be held in 
the resort town of Biarritz) : 
and an English fiction-writ- ! 
ing seminar. • 

The emphasis on language 
also takes in theater, inter- 
cultural communication and 
computer science. In honor 
of the 50th anniversary of D- 




\ , 

gh 


iy. 


V- 


'er 


a! 


ks 


■er 


JL 


o- 


li- 


UL 


of 


B rushing up on painting skills is just one of the many options available to studious travelers. 



FOR CHILDRENS TEENAGERS 


Mag & p*hnati Stef / CvJkiu Tnu A iJH f u 




AefmrSav HoBdsys ki Devon, Hortotk, 
London, Softs 5 France 


ii&ViV ’h :: ivflS 

CAMP S - ;: "1 - 

I beaumont > 0480 456123 

CRE£PC0T PEA;; H'JN7'*«00N Ci!.'3a Fc'C 


1 SPANISH C01 

JRSES 

• Very smaB group 

• Private classes upo 

• Open al year 

• Topquaaytracher 

• Centres in Barcekxi 
Malaga and Saiama 

i 

n request 

a, Madrid, 
nca 

CENTR 
f DE ESI 
de esf 

5?c?er in Uu-'.S. 123 
GEO 2 7 Earc-.'lo-s 

Tpi 34 3 1SE 00 e-0 
ft* 34 3 4oS 01 6S 

OS 

rumos 

>flN0L 


Day, a special course will 
look at events in Western 
Europe during World War II 
and includes a trip to Nor- 
mandy. 

Also tailor-made for sum- 
mer visitors are the cultural 
programs, which combine 
travel in France with on-site 
lectures, museum visits and 
excursions. 

Examples are day trips to 


This advertising section 
was produced in its en- 
tirety by the supplements 
division of the Interna- 
tional Herald Tribune’s 
advertising department * 
It was written by Heidi 
Ellison, a Paris-based 
free-lance writer. 


* CRUISE AND LEARN " 
m lctCM h e Eagfak/Total tnuBcrioe 

* Accelerated Leanbtg 

- 55 days around South America 

- Mari to Bari $1040000 (38 dajs. &50M0) 
-September 5 -October 30, I9*W 

• Reserve by August 1, 1994 

Write Anne Hendry 
915 Betterfy Road - Battle Creek. Ml 4*115 
■PH. &16464-9S26 / Fax 415-367-4829.,. 


^Unique EDRAM-MBA" 

1 year USIl year Germany 
21 month Gaael Mana g ement MBA 

Focus; 

Technology • Environment 
Strategy • Finance 


CSOM, University of Minnesota. 
Hampfarey Ctauet Minneapolis. 

MN 55455, USA, lax. (612) 626 7785 

19GM. ScUob. 1X88339 Bad Waldsee. 
l Germaay Jin. +49-75248836 2 


Chartres Cathedral and the 
Chateau de Maintenon, the 
Loire Valley chateaux and a 
trip to Givemy and Auvers- 
sur-Oise. the homes of Mon- 
et and Van Gogh, respec- 
tively. 

In the calm precincts of 
the royal city of Versailles, 
the Versailles International 
Summer University offers 
courses in the French lan- 


guage and civilization and in 
classical civilization. The 
latter course, created 15 
years ago by the mayor of 
Versailles, Andrd Damien, 
consists of lectures and cul- 
tural visits conducted by 
specialists in their fields. 
This year’s program is 
called “France and Europe at 
the Time of Louis XVI and 
the Revolution.” 


SPECIAL ' ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE" PROGRAM 


FINE ARTS 
PH0T06RAPHV 
ILLUSTRATION 
FASHION DESIGN 
COMMUNICATION OESIGN 
MCHELOR DF FME ARTS DEGREE 
BAA DESIGN HAKETIMB DEGREE 

MRSONSPARIS 

t c ■ ■ ■ i ■ i ■ i i i i ■ 


FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL V 45 7 7 2 P i-8 • FAX' 75 7 7 K 74 


A UNIVERSITE DE LA SORBONNE 
JL NOUVELLE - PARIS III 

§19 Welcomes students and teachers wishing to team or to perfect 
MB Iheir knowledge of French lanpiage, fiteralure & crvSsafion. 

1 Yew Diploma Pb ibwm ! French Culture, Ovfflsation & Literature;'. 
(1 unit FF1435, all unite FF2S70 • prices subject to change). 

University Curriculum: University degree in French Studies tor 
foreigners. (3 year joint program wflh the Modem Literature & Linguistics 
department also available). (Free ot charge.) 

Language Cour ses: Language courses: (all levels, 15 his per week, 
FF3455 per semester Oct 10 - Feb.; Feb to June 17). Diploma ot French 
Language & Linguistic Studies (13 hours per week, FF 2460.) 

Placement tests September 26 to October 7, 1994. 

PR students accepted in the different programs must be registered 
at Paris IIL (Begisl ration fee: FF695) 

Contact: UFR Dirtactxjue du Franyais Langue Etrangere. 

46, rue Samt-Jacques, 75005 PARIS. TeL: (1) 40 46 29 35 /40 48 29 29 
Centre Censier 13, rue de SanteuH, 75005 PARS. TeU 45 87 41 Z1 

■i ■ ■— Free (1)40462930 ■ — 


■FRENCH SECnOJI 
E^MAm'wIb 
Cctwn 


I ADAPTATION SECTION 
8-9 poitei trmMo* dn to 
cntaetta&wtolB ester the 


ECOLE iCllYE BIUNGVE 


TOE FRENCH A MERI CAN 
STUDY CENTER 

has been specialized for 
18 years teaching French to 
English speaking peopl e the 
intensive way in an ail French 
speaking context. 100 host 
families or Chateau. 1 week to 
10 week long programs. Any 
age or leveL It takes three 
weeks to go over the basics. 

Call: 31.31.22.01. 

Write/Fai: 3 1 /? 1/22/21 
B.P. 176- 14104 lisieux Codex. 


Institut Monte Rosa 

SWITZERLAND 

Boys and girts 9-19 
Amaicaa tumor and High School 
Curricuhxn (Grade 6-12) 
PostgraAaffi course (Grade 13) 

(Trans- Academic) 

Modem Language programs 
Summer:' Winer Holiday Courses 

Dheciar: Mr. B. GadetaaBR 
Av. de Chiton 57 
CH 1820 MONTREUX 

Td: 4I/2W63 S41 Ro:4lflWO£D 


■ AMERICAN SECDON 
Htgk School grade* 10, 11 
UL»& v tokt|ii>M 
atfiomm. SAT Cater - Cofege 


■BRITISH SECTION 

O nd A Lrreb. IGSCE. 

EawnMn-BrCe wteMg A 
Oxford aLonAom- 

Pmbtie RdaOom Vtgmy 

TMM Mb- TbU (1) 44 49 4* 91 


pprurn 



✓ Centre International d'Etddes Franqaises 

_ # Qw , Univeraite de Bourgogne 

STUDY FRENCH IN' DIJON 

Programs over two annoal semesters (September to June: 5000 F per semester) 
phis a summer session Qnly arid August 2700 F per month) 

Special training in July for French teachers (3700 F) 

Intensive cl ass es in history, philosophy, economies, art, gastronomy... 

Dijon, major historical city, is the ideal cultural and traveDing crossroads between Paris, 
the Riviera, Sw i tz erl and, Italy. 

36 xue Chabot-Chaxny - F 21000 DIJON 
Tel.: (33) 80 30 SO 20 -Fax: f33) 80 30 13 08 


PARIS SORBONNE g 


CIVILISATION 
5E 


MU SORBONNE 


sgnilUnodi praS^MsI 
GRADUATE COURSES UM5ERGRADUATE COURSES 

„„jersly.CDursK. , . RmAbordtxnnleWregwed 

'M^BTHEde longue efdeChfccficn 

FTmtcises' (ecfJwienltaMAaetfiUiA). • Ftmdi language era OviraScri 
Sata^ Suniner Session or Forsign Courses. 

Teafen and StutLs. 

Canes loTeotiwsd French Lounge "Fo!, Winter and Spring Sesneders 

tndGvtzdbt 

Spedd seniors oi request . »Sunmer Courses Jure to end Seft 


INTERNATIONAL INSTITl TE 

OF PAKIS 

Bachelor of Science in 
International Hotel Management 
& 

Master of Science in 
International Hotel Management 

Full Time / P.irT Time - Cta-^e^ l'e«ji\ : tVtulvr i9'N 
H'Tii>iiiji .wail.il'k- 
C< L\ i ' i : 

Vi ROMgi l SOL KNIi S 
Til ( li 43 3 M 62 ' Fax ( 1) 43 3S 06 3 3 
| 37 / 34 Rl i- Saint Solv-tiln 731' 1 1 1‘aki^ - I-kanl l 


Summer School 

German • French • English 

Italian • Mathematics • Private Lessons 
Numerous Sports Activities 
in particular Tennis • Water Skiing • Horseback Riding 

Information: Mrs. Schmid, Hohenweg 60, CH-9000 St. Gallen 
Phone: . . + 41/71 - 27 82 91 • Fax: .. + 41/71-279827 





r .Instktxt 1 

Rosenberg 

V# since 1889 


Culinary Excellence at 

LF CORDON BIKE 


L R , S C “ 8 A ‘ r ‘ .Weekly -workshops. 

JQ' .Daily demonstrations. 

.Snmmer classes. 

Kwi .Introduction to French 

..ggST gastronomy- 

Pi •Caterings 

jVw course in five intensive weeks 
from November 14th to December l?th. 

• The Classic Cycle : 

Study cuisine and pastry in comprehensive 

ifi.lt uvek aturses thtd begin finer wnes ayem 

im rrr^^pJEIIl TOKYO - - 

— - — / 14 Marvlebone Lara 

S me Utm Oeihetnme W1M6HH 





750/5 Paris 

Phone 35/1 48 56 06 06 
Fax 33/1 48 56 03 96 


London W1M6HH 
Phone 44/71 935 35 03 
Fm 44/71 935 7621 


(All Toda> for a free sehooi hroeuurc or . 
of our s-ourmeis products. I -SA : n 


ill t:ll.'togUC 

CHi 







Ritz-Escoftier 

Ecole de Gastronomie Franqaise 

The ultimate gout m et French cooking 
school is located in the legendary Ritz 
Hotel where renaramed Chef Auguste 
Escoffier reigned in the kitchens a cen- 
tury ago. Food lovers and professionals 
wtu discover the art of fine cutsme in a 

most exceptional environment. 

One to 12 week courses in cooking, bread end 
pastry making, wine and Pert de la table, as 
well at daily demonstrations, taught m French 
andKngfcb. 




RITZ PARIS 

htfennatfan : lipid Rift, IS place \tndrenc - 7S0OI Pari* 
Tel. : 3J (1)42 60 JB JO - Fa: SI (1)40 15 07 65 




• 1 5 campuses 
across Europe 


.•rv European University 

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS SCHOOL 


man? . •• mm& A 

BRUS5UJ . *2 ijfc ■ ■ _ 

? ”' 1 - • ' i he 

imm. 

■ ; NtTHITiS. *x 

barcron; . v-T.A;; • 
mm ' ■ . 

MADRID -p ;; ,.n : v 

• .* 


Write, call or fax: 

Americalei 131. B- 2000 Antwerp. Belgium. 

Tet 323 2185431 Fax: 32 3 218 58 68 
Rue de Livoume 1 16-120, B- 1 050 Brussels, Belgium. 
Tel: 32 2 648 67 81 Fax: 32 2 648 59 68 
Calle Ganduxer 70. E-0802 1 Barcelona. Spain. 

Tet 34 3 201 81 7) Fax: 34 3 201 79 35 


Please send documentation about the following 
European University business courses. 

□ Undergraduate programs (BRA. BIS. BA) 

□ Graduate programs (MBA. MIS, MA) 

Name 

Address 


1HT5/4 


(campus) 

















Page 22 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL IS, 1994 


SPORTS 


A’s Top Toronto 
Ina Wild One 


The Associated Press 


In the bottom of the 12th, Troy 


First the Oakland Athletics got a Ned singled with one out and went 
little cranky, then the flame got a to second when Aldrete drew a 


little crazy. 

They blew a four-run lead and. 


two-out walk from Cadareu Bor- 
dick worked the count to 3-2 before 


as the night grew late, water coolers scoring NeeL 


came flying from the dngout, pitch- Io(fiaBS ^ s & Bo Jackson 
eis came to bat and, finally, a tat Mt a game-tyi^ltree-nni homer 
bounced off the pitcher for the ^ .u " ninth Hilt Kfflnv LoftOO 


AL ROUNDUP 


bounced off the pitcher for the m but Kenny Lofton 

game-winning single. homered in the 10th off Scott Lewis 

” c threw everything at them. f a three-game sweep, Cleve- 
said reliever Steve Ontiveros, the land’s first at CaUforoia since 1975. 

At 6-1, the Indians are off to 
AL ROUNDUP their best start since going 10-9 in 

1966. 

winner in the 12-mning, 8-7 victory Pgn p^ 4 , Brewws 3: Esteban 

Wednesday night ow the vistuM first al-bat for Texas. 

Toronto Blue Jays. “We had pitch- off ^ Scanlan lo ^ve in 

ers hittmg and everything. It was foTvianwg ^ through Milwau- 
beauUfui, _ kee’s drawn- in infield in the 10th 

Actually, itgol prrt^ Je- ^ give the Rangers their Tiret be- 
fore Mike Bordick ended it with a ^ ^ in Arlington, 

two-out angle that ricocheted off ** n~u 


winner in the 1 2-inning, 8-7 victory 
Wednesday night over the via ting 


Toronto Blue Jays. “We had pitch- 
ers hittina and everything. it was 


ers hitting and everything, 
beautiful." 


pitcher Greg Cadaret and skipped 
into center field to drive in the 


winning run. 


lory in The Ballpark in Arlington. 

Royals 2, Red Sox 1: Rookie Bob 
Ham din, wbo has replaced George 
Brett as Kansas City's designated 


The Blue Jays’ pitchers walked hitter, hit a two-run homer with 
12, but xhe A’s stranded 20 runners, one out in the ninth to beat visiting 



V 

Carlton Speaks Out j f r j,v. 


t/Uf WVfi ^ j y 

At Last, and World 
Wishes He Hadn’t t 


Then Oakland lost a four-run lead Boston. 


when Carlos Delgado's league-lead- 
ing sixth homer, a three-run shot. 


The Royals, routed 22-11 by the 
Red Sox on Tuesday night, baa not 
rotten a runner past first before 




capped a five-run Toronto seventh, gotten a ninner past first before 
The A's came back in the bottom of Hamdin homered of r Jetf Russell, 
the ninth to send the game into extra Twins 9, Mariners 6: Dave Win- 
innings, but there were several more field moved into 16th place on the 

■ « ■ > « _ m 'i hit lict enn re 1 aii Urrvl 


Mkfnri £. Sm^akaJ Agcncr Francc-Pr** 

Cedi Fielder, hitting a homer in sixth as be and catcher Chris Hoiies watched the ball went 4-for~4 as the Tigers beat the Orioles, 6-3. 


odd twists before it was own career hit list, passing Lou Brock 

_ , n r," .. with his 3,023d, and Minnesota's 

Tom Kelly became the ninth active 


Martinez Hurls Gem as Expos Beat Reds 


KL“ manager to win 600 games. 

Denms_Eckerslqf. who had too mEoou scored five nmi in the 


The Associated Press 


S^ft l J5 t 2SrLT2!E iag.iSme losing W.. 


the 10th for pushing an umpire 1 
while arguing a strike call. w 

•After bong qected, an angry Dt 
McGwire hurled two water coolers Ba 
oiito the field. 

• Center fielder Stan Javier me 
played third base for the first time in Hi 
II; sevnryears in the major leagues. An 

Junior Noboa tied the score with agj 
two outs in the bottom or the ninth ' 
with an RBI single off Todd Stott- Be 
Iemyre. Left fielder Mike Aldrete inr 
saved a run in the 10th when he lio 


Oh inning at the Kingdorae, halt- Martinez lost his perfect 

g a Gve^ame losing streak. game- then Reggie Sanders lost his 
Tigere 6, Orioles 3: Cedi Fielder composure, 
went 4-for-4. Wiring one of three had pitched Montreal 

Detroit homers against visiting t0 a 2 -0 lead over Cincinnati, and 
Baltimore. 


prised he charged oul Surprised, 
but not afraid." 

Martinez, who had lost all four 
of his previous major league starts, 
had struck out Sanders in his first 


NL ROUNDUP 


ijumore. the Reds had not gotten a runner 

Tony Phillips and Enc Davis ho- on ^ when Mar 5n « hit Sanders 


iray rnuiips ana cnc wros no- on ^ when Martinez hit Sanders 
meredm the seventh inning for the ^ ^ elbow with an 0-2 pilch with 


_ l | < « ■ Ul UIW WUV" UilVM "iUU 

Tiras, helping mana^r Sparky ^ dgtlth ; Sanders 

g- ,0Wl v,C, “ y charged the mound, tackled tbs Ex- 


• ■ i vimifiiAi iuvum/uuv, iiiwui w i-n. 

againsi Uk Onote. pos’ pitcher and touched off a 

bendwrlearing scuffle. 


igs in Comiskey Park, and Ju- 
- ran co homered as Chicago 


ended the inning with a Tunning stretched its winning slreak to four, 
catch on Joe Carter’s line drive lo The loss was New York’s fourth 


the gap. 


straight. 


“There was no way I was trying 
to hit him." Martinez said after the 
Expos beat the Reds. 3-2. Wednes- 
day night in Montreal, “I guess he 
took it the wrong way. 1 was sur- 


two at-bats after pitching him high 
and tighL 

Sanders did not talk to the press 
after the game. But Montreal’s 
manager, Felipe AIou, stressed that 
it made no sense for Martinez to 
intentionally hit Sanders. 

“I don't think there is any doubt 


nez got out of the riming with his 
no-hitter intact. But Brian Dorseti 
ended it with a dean leadoff angl e 
to center in the ninth. 

John Wetteland relieved and 
gave up sacrifice flies to Barry Lar- 
kin and Hal Morris that tied the 
score before an RBI angle by 
pinch-hitter Lou Frazier in the 
ninth ended the Reds’ six-game 
winning streak. 

Martinez, obtained from Los 
Angeles between seasons, was 10-5 
with a 2.61 ERA last year. 

Braves 6, Giants 3: In Atlanta, 
on the night honoring the 20th an- 


a pitcher throwing a perfect game is niversary of Hank Aaron’s 715ih 


going to hit somebody on pur- 
pose." AIou said. 


^ McGriff homered q— Swindefl allowed only five 
inthe]2thinningiusttothe!eftof hitsin eight shutout innings to re- 


The Braves, who had blown a 
two-run lead in the ninth inning of 
a 7-5 loss to San Francisco the 
night before, had tied this game in 
the ninth when Mark Lemke dou- 
bled with two outs off Kevin Rog- 
ers and scored on a angle by pinch- 
hitter Charlie O’Brien. 

Willie McGee's RBI double in 
the top half bad put the Giants 
abend, 3-2. 

In the 12th, Jeff Blauser doubled 
off rookie Tony Menendez, Terry 
Pendleton then walked and 
McGriff followed with his second 
hone run of the season. 

Astras 4. Martins 2: Houston's 


Sanders was ejected, and Marti- the historic landing spot. 


In Land of the Proletariat, the Sport of Kings Catches On 


Agence France- Press e 

BELONG — “Aaaarrrgh!” Xia Gang ex- 
claims, clutches his hair, bends over as if 
wracked by cramp and bangs his bead with 
unnerving force against the white railing 
that only seconds ago he had been astride 
with excitement. 

The object of his anger and frustration 
— a stocky, brown stallion from Inner 
Mongolia — trots friskily past, seemingly 
unaware that it has failed miserably to live 
up toils billing as 2-1 favorite in the 12:30 
handicap at the Beijing Countryside Horse 
Racing Coarse. 

■ “Don’t worry,” says one of Xia’s friends. 
"He’s always like this when we lose. It 
doesn’t last” Sure enough, within minutes 
Xia is back with the group, poring over 
their joint racing form and indulging what 
for bam and his fellow farmers has become 
a hobby with a difference. 

The sport of kings, already firmly estab- 
lished at China's -other race course in the 


freewheeling southern city of Guangzhou, 
is new to Beijing, but in six months has 
already sired two new breeds of sports-goer 
— the horse racing fan and, more striking- 
ly, the state-sanctioned gambler. 

Inaugurated in September, the Country- 
ride course, 35 kilometers (22 miles) north- 
east of Beijing, is the brainchild of Cheng 
Chunbo, an entrepreneur-farmer who in- 
vested 50 million yuan ($5.75 million) in 
the 1,200-meter track, grandstand and 
clubhouse. 


With a minim um stake of five yuan, the 
racing draws a mixed crowd, from the likes 
of Xia and his friends who pool their limit- 
ed resources over the day’s eight races, to 


tioned by the government on the grounds 
that around 40 percent of the profits go to 
supporting social welfare projects. 
According to Cheng, most of the remain- ' 


the new-breed of Mercedes-owning high- der is spent on debt repayment 


rollers who breath the ratified air of the 
clubhouse's third floor. 


“Our aim is not to ; 
However, Cheng does 


Dfit” he says, 
ve grand exp an- 


There is no top limit on bets, but Cheng sion plans including introducing blood- 


says wagers of more than 500 yuan on a 
single race are rare. 


With a good crowd, the course’s state-of- 


stock from Australia, France and Ireland. 

The first batch of homes from Australia 
is due soon and Cheng is leaving for Paris 
in July for discussions with the French 


Cheng reacts haughtily to the suggestion 
that gambling, strictly prohibited for more 
than 40 years by the communists, might be 
an insidious vice. 


the-arl computerized betting system will £ ofeussuras wnn roe rrenen 

accept around 50.000 yuan over an eight- Horse breeders Association wbo have twice 
race meeL sent representatives to Beijing. 


“Horse racing is high-class gambling 
with a strong intellectual content." he in- 
sists, dismissing state-run lotteries as “bor- 


u/v-i- .w * u _ . ... . Meanwhile, in one of the clubhouse’s 

JSnWnf ^ rooms, Wang Shaowcn is dividing 

Hong <S1 T? “h his time between^ anion on the uS 


*• V J -1 _ - - _ f VT * r * UM MAMV Wi«fWU IUV UVUVU VU l 

S’ , 8 ^ and » bottle of French cognac. 


two racecourses, Cheng points out that it is 
stffl early days. 


“It's also far more civilized than playing 
the stock market.” 


"People here are still unused to the idea 
of betting on horses,” he says. 
Gambling at the Beijing course is sanc- 


“I guess you could say I'm a regular 
here," says Wang, who runs an electzica] 
business in Beijing. 

“How much do I bet? I don’t think I'm 
going to leQ you,” he says, laughing. 


main unbeaten in four decisions 
against host Florida. 

Loser Chris Hammond gave up a 
two-run double to Jeff Bagwell and 
a two-run homer to Tony Eusebio, 
both in the sixth. 

Pirates 3, Padres 2: Al Martin 
tripled, doubled and scored the go- 
ahead run on third baseman Arehi 
Cianfrocco’s throwing error in the 
fifth inning in Pittsburgh and San 
Diego lost its fourth straight. ’drop- 
ping to a major-league worst 1-8. 

Cardinals 4, Dodgers 2: Ray 
Lankford homered and drove in 
four runs in St Louis as Rick Sut- 
cliffe beat Los Angeles to win his 
first NL start in thn» years. 

Lankford moved back to leadoff 
this season after starting last season 
as die cleanup batter and hitting in 
almost every spot without success. 
He went 3-fcr-5, helping send the 
Dodgers to their fifth loss in six 
games. 

PL£Bies 12, Rockies 3: Darren 
Daulion drove in four runs and 
scored four times as Philadelphia, 
playing at home, snapped a four- 
game losing streak. 

Da niton went 3-for-4, including 
a two-run homer and a two-run 
double in the eighth. 


By Murray Chass 

Nw York Tmtes Service 

NEW YORK — Come next Dec. 
22, Steve Carlton wfl] have been of 
this earth half a century. But don t 
bother the man himself with 
nonsense. 

“He doesn't celebrate birthdays 
anymore because he believes if you 
don't, you don’t age,” Tim 
McCarver said. “He doesn’t cele- 
brate Christmas anymore either be- 
cause all of these dates lend them- 
selves to aging and he doesn't want 
to age.” 

Tim McCarver knows Steve 
Carlton probably better than any 
other man. They were teammates 
for more than 10 seasons with rwo 
Learns, and McCarver served as 
Carlton's personal catcher. 

They also were friends. They 
were such good friends they often 
spent time together between sea- 
sons. 

In other words, there isn't any- 
thing about Carlton that McCarver 
hasn’t learned in the 29 years they 
have known each other. 

“1 can say with all the assurance 
in the world that Lefty is not a 
bigot and he is not an anti-Semite,” 
McCarver said Wednesday. 

He sure is strange, though. That 
is evident from his comments that 
are quoted in an article in the April 
issue of Philadelphia magazine, the 
same article that gave rise to 
charges that Carlton is anti-Semit- 
ic. 

The comments, in turn, give rise 
to the feeling that the world was 
better off all of these years when 
Carlton was pitching and not talk- 
ing. 

According to Pat Jordan, the 
writer of the article, Carlton alter- 
nately said the world is ruled or 
controlled by the Russian and 
United States governments, which 
“fill the air with low-frequency 
sound waves,” the Elders of Zion, 
British intelligence agencies, “12 
Jewish bankers meeting in Switzer- 
land” and “a committee of 300 
which meets at a roundtable in 
Rome.” 

Not only that, but Carlton also 
charges, according to Jordan, that 
President BUI Clinton has “a blade 
son” be won’t acknowledge and 
that the AIDS virus was created at 
a secret Maryland biological war- 
fare laboratory “to get rid of gays 
and. bracks.”. 

All of this and more from the 
fertile mind of a man who lives 
reclusively in what Jordan de- 
scribes as a bunker in Durango, 
Colorado. ’ 

Carlton’s comments about the 
Elders of Zion and the 12 Jewish 
bankers in Switzerland have 
prompted charges of anti-Semi- 
tism. ' 

In a statement issued through the 
Phillies Wednesday, Cariton said, 
“The article has almost no truth in 
iL” 

The “Protocols of the Elders of 
Son” was a fraudulent document, 
written by the Russian secret police 
early in this century, which de- 
scribed the alleged plans of a con- 
ference of Jews to overthrow Chris- 
tianity through subversion and 
sabotage and control the world. 


“Lefty reads too many books,”: 
McCarver said. 

“If he’s guilty of anything, i&- 
believing some of tbe material fci 
reads. Does he become confused- 
with his reading about radical: 
things? Yes. I’ve tokl him. Oat: 
Does that translate into him being j 
anti-Semitic? No.” i 

McCarver was not surprised by: 
what be read in the Jordan piece i 
because be bas vast experience with; 
the muddled mind of the silent boa i 
“We drove across country three: 
out of six years in die; 70s to go: 
hunting in Montana and Canada,”; 
the baseball broadcaster related. 

"We had an argument evexyoth- ■ 
er mile. We couldn’t agrec on 'any- 
thing. Is his eccentricty misguided? : 
Yes, in my opinion. Tninot defend- : 
ing him. But he’s a friend of mrw : 
ana will remain a friend.” 

McCarver called Cariton “a voy : 
complicated person” and said he ' 
has “a very difficult time bring fan- 1 
man.” 

“To say that Steve has a difficult 1 
time relating is an raderetate- 
menu” McCarver added. 

“I don’t understand Lefty. I’ve 1 
known him for three decades and I , 
don't understand him. He has a* 
rich sense of humor and a lot oC 
good qualities, but to try to expku&j 
his eccentric views to anybody is - ■ 
not one of his strengths.” , 

Because Cariton is scheduled to - , 
be inducted into the Hall of Fame ; 
on July 31. Hall offidals imght ’ 
have reason to be concerned about: 
what Carlton might say. 

Bill Guilfofle, vice pnesidem of! | 
the Hall of Fame, recalled how a- i 
joy able Cariton was in Janaary at ! j 
the news conference announcing. ; 
his nearly unanimous election. , ; ; 

“I thought be did a super job ; j 
answering questions,” Guilfoik 
said. “It was focused strictly an; 
basebaZL He made some pertinent 
observations about hitters, pitch- ’ 
ers, catchers. I think everyone there ! 
was fascinated. It was one of the • 
finest interviews I’ve witnessed in ; 
all the years I’ve attended those! 
announcements. I would hope be: 
would cany over that thinkin g in ; 
ins remarks because be has some ■ 
really interesting observations - 
about baseball.” 

GuilfoOe said Half officials had 
not seen tbe artide but had asked , 
that a copy be sent to them. 

“1 think that would be a reason- - 
able approach if we feel after read-; 
ihg it there was a ’concern,'” tbe; 
executive said. “Bui until we rea& 
it. it’s kind of hard to comment” , ' 
If Cariton were to make any bi-< - 
zaire comments in Coopers town, ; : 
one reaction would be inevitable. ! 
“Holy cow,” his fellow inductee, < 
Phil Rizmto, almost certainly: - 
would say. . ’ 


For 

investment 

information 

Read 

the MONEY REPORT 
every Saturday 


in the IHT 


ibqar 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 























I 




?PORTS 


Page.23 


t'l n ( j Hl Sam P>-a^ : Not Just 

U(,d n - 1Toda y> but 

ln l AnAUTuneGnat 

% Robin Finn 

• - NEW Y ’n!v yw i 7Ws torric* 

■ SKSSEsSSjE 
■V...:^KSESSaS 


or Sj*?* 1 ltt S* Aether lo feel slighted 
gialefuL Soon be probably won' ‘ 


or 


' fhoteT cT probab ‘y won<l have that 
' a /emable Grand Slam of 

" «“*“'» Rod Uvcr ’ F«d 

' ? oy . Emerson, Sampras may land 

“W books m only W“e 
Im^greauP” ^ ^ ^ but as one of the aH- 

After watching Sampras fight and finesse his 
way to a five-set comeback victory against Petr 
Korda earber this month in Indian Wells, Cahfar- 
ma, Laver declared that Sampras “has the most 
complete game of any player in the open era." 

A multimillionaire with a good reputation, a 
serene pnvate Hfe and a perfect t ennis serve that 
has prompted even a master of understatement 
. “* e ^ to predict nothing short of greatness for 
V him, Sampras has got everything but a big ego. 

Fortunately, he doesn’t need one. Instead Sam- 
■" eras, who brushed off Michael Chang, 6-4. 6-2. 
fast Sunday to win his second straight Japan 
Open, seems finally to have meshed his g«*nw> 
which always featured an encyclopedic shot ar- 
'■ ray. with his gumption, which always i spanyri less 

- than encyclopedic. His victory in Tokyo was his 
_■ third in four weeks — the only m tarvpuon 

by the week's layoff for Davis Cop matches — and 
the 26th of his professional career. 

If Sampras, who seems aware that he’s on the 
brink of invincibility this year, has any failing, it 
■ has to do with ima g e rather than substance. 

Because his is such a casual, off-hand bril- 
fiance, fraught with none of the histrionics that 
characterized the artistry of his American prede- 
. cessor, John McEnroe, Sampras tends to be un- 
: derappredated. Some of that can be traced to 
another arena over which he has no control: He 
has no rival who seems capable of pushing him to 
' . greater heights and in essence helping to define 
•. him. McEnroe found his stylistic opposite in the 
.. stoical Bjorn Borg. Chris Evert and Martina 
l Navratilova have always held each other respon- 
sible not only for bringing out their best tennis, 

- but for prolonging one another's careers. 

At the moment, there is no counterpoint to the 
clean, cool point of Sampras’s game. While 
Goran Ivanisevic may match him for aces, the 
thunder is chronically missing from the rest of 
the Croat's game. None of Sampras’s fellow 
Americans, an impressive crop that includes Jim 
Courier, Andre Agassi and Chang, have suffi- 
cient artillery to overwhelm him. 

While Agassi, with his antic showmanship and 
. ' baseline bludgeoning and in-your-face grunge 
‘ .■ persona would provide the perfect foil to the 
classic serve-and-voDey tactics of the gentleman- 
ly Sampras, so far the contrast has been best 
explored by Nike as a marketing ploy. The on- 
court rivalry has yet to articulate itself, and 
mainly is dependent on Agassi’s raising his com- 
petitive level to meet that of Sampras. Agassi was 
the loser in the other two finals of the last four 
weeks. 

But perhaps Mary Carillo, the ESPN analyst, 
is correct in her opinion that Sampras actually 
has no contemporary peer. His rivals, she says, 
“are already in the history books, the Lavers, 
RosewaUs. and Emersons.” 



Am-.-. 

WER 


IS NOTHING WITHOUT CONTHC 


Apace Fraatt-Prcnt 

A GRIPP ING IDEA — Carl tons, the LLS. sprinter, is about to appear in billboards across Europe wearing red stfletto heels. The photo, taken by 
celebrity photographer Annie Iiebowitz, is part of a new advertising campaign by the Italian tire company Pirefii. ‘‘The message is that, no matter 
how good you are, yon can be let down without the proper equipment,” a Pirelli spokeswoman was quoted as saying in Thursday’s British tabloids. 


Passing Fancies: 
Moon, Rypien, 
Kosar Depart ( 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — What has free 
agency and a salary cap done to the 
National Football League? 

Just ask Mark Rypien, the most 
valuable player as the Washington 
Redskins won the 1992 Super Bowl 
and now in search of a job. Or 
Warren Moon, traded after lea 
the Houston Oilers to the pi 
seven straight years. 

Rypien was cut Wednesday, 
while Moon was about to be sent to 


bents such as Vitrny Testavtrde 
(Browns), Joe Montana (Chtefc) 
and Craig Erickson (Bucs). 

What mis reflects is the reality of 
the salary cap, which was increased 
by another $400,000 on Wednes- 
day to $34.6 million after the latest 
audit by the NFL -and the Players 
Association. 

Washington, once- one of the 
NFL's highest-paying teams, gets 
S3 million more to work with after 
lopping off at least another S4 mD- 


the Minneso ta VDrings for a pair of lion by cutting Charles Mann, Carl 
draft nicks. Bcmie Kosar also Banks, Tim McGee and Art Monk. 


Nuggets Double Trouble, to Suns and Lakers 


The Associated Press 

The Denver Nuggets are dose to suc- 
ceeding in fighting off the Los Angeles 
Lakers for the last Western Conference 
playoff spot The San Antonio Spurs 
are fighting off some self-imposed de- 
mons as they wait for the start of post- 
season play. 

“We are not playing like a team with 
a lot at slake right now” said David 
Robinson, who had 32 points Wednes- 
day night in the Spurs’ 83-78 loss to the 
Nuggets. Tm concerned going into the 
playoffs.” 

Denver rookie Rodney Rogers scored 
18 points, two on a game-taming basket 

NBA BBCHUCHTS 

late in the game, as the Nuggets took 
advantage of the Spars’ poor fourth- 
quarter shooting. San Antonio missed 
12 of 15 shots in the final period, with 
its last field goal coming with 7:31 to 
go. 

“We lade menial toughness. We’re 
not energetic,” said their coach, John 
Lucas. “We’re not the team we need to 


ForMagic, the Lakers Have Lost Their Charm 


Lea Angeles Times Sertice 

PHOENIX — This is how bad it has gotten for the Los 
Angeles Lakers: 

They were routed by the Phoenix Suns, 117-88, as 
Charles Barkley had 20 points and 20 rebounds and Cedric 
Ccbaflos had 29 points in just 28 minutes. 

And that wasn't even the biggest scorching of Wednes- 
day nighL 

That came afterward, when the Lakers' coach. Magic 
Johnson, called most of his starters quitters. 

“One team is in the playoffs and going for a world 
championship and another team is already on vacation.” 
Johnson said. “And they played like it 

“We’ve quit already. As a matter of fact, we had done 
that the last couple of games. As soon as we didn't win 
versus Denver, we kind of packed it in. 


“Elden (Campbell), Vlade (Divac), all them, if they 
don’t want to play, fine. They won’t play " Johnson went 
on, then added: *Tm disappointed in all five of them in 
their effort and the way they came out and approached this 
game. This is natural.' Every time we get hit with a right 
hook, we submit. It’s over. We go into (he tank.” 

Johnson later amended his statements to find praise for 
the starting guards, Tony Smith, who had 22 points to lead 
the Lakers in scoring for the third consecutive outing, and 
Nick Van ExeL 

But the frontcourt players should just be happy they 
didn’t get cut on the spot. Johnson threatened them with 
reserve roles against the Portland Trail Blazers on Friday, 
saying the likes of Dan Schayes, Kurt Rambis, Antonio 
Harvey and Doug Christie deserve the minutes. 

Replied Divac: “It was really tough.” 


draft picks. Benue Kosar also 
changed teams, leaving the Dallas 
Cowboys to sign a two-year con- 
tract with the Miami Dolphins. 

The Cowboys lost out again 
when quarterback Wade Wilson, 
who once played tor the Vikings, 
turned down an offer to replace 
Kosar and readied an agreement to 
remain with the New Orleans 
Saints. The Saints bad obtained 
Tun Everett in a trade with the Los 
Angeles Rams earlier (his year. 

Rypien, who like the Redskins 
has been on the decline since their 
37-24 victory over Buffalo in the 
1992 Super Bowl was let go after 
declining to take a salary cut from 

$3 milli on to SI milli on. 

“That’s our new way of doing 
business,” said George Young, gen- 
eral manager of the New York Gi- 
ants. “There’s another S3 million 
player who’s not a S3 million player 
any more.” 

Kosar, who just a year ago was 
making S2 million with Cleveland, 
moved bad: to Miami, where he 
played in college and owns a house: 
He signed with (he Dolphins to 
back up Dan Marina 

Moon was set to join the Vikings 
after 10 years with the OQers/The 
teams readied a p reliminar y agree- 
ment that would send Moon to 
Minnesota in exchange for a fourth- 
round draft pick tins year and 


Banks, Tim! 

As the Redskins said good-bye to 
Rypien, they signed veteran wide 
receiver Henry Ellard from the 
Rams to a two-year contract worth: 
$1.8 million, including an $800,000 
signing bonus. 

In fact, the shuffling of quarter- 
backs indicates the reality of life in 
the NFL: A team can now-afTord 
only-one high-priced passer. 

Moon is 10 years older than 
Carlson, and was to make S3 mil- 
lion next -season with Houston. 
Two quarterbacks would have ac- 
counted for nearly 20 percent of the 
team’s payroll If Moon stayed. 

The Cowboys* meanwhile, will 
pay more than $8 million to quar- 
terback Troy Aikman-and running 
bade Enunitt Smith. 

Moreover, deals rnust'-be. done 
now lo clear up money .-{or the 
draft. In order even to participate, 
a team must have $108,000 per 
draft choice lo spend. In reality, 
they will spend a lot more than 
that, particularly on the high 
choices. (AP. NYT, WP) 


Blatter Says 
He’ll Quit 


basketball team at this point of the 
year” 

San Antonio has fallen three games 
behind Houston in the Midwest Divi- 
sion. With six games left, the Nuggets 
have a five-game lead on the Lakers, 
who lost in Fboenix. 

The Spurs, in losing for the fourth 
time in five games, posted their second- 
lowest scoring game since Nov. 7, when 
they had 73 points against New Jersey. 


Robinson’s 12 rebounds and Dennis 
Rodman’s 18 accounted for the bulk of 
die Spurs' 36. Denver got 43 rebounds. 

Suns 117, Lakers 88: Phoenix 
handed Los Angeles its fourth straight 
loss after a 5-1 start under the coaching 
of Magic Johnson. 

Cedric Ceballos scored 29 points and 
Charles Barkley had 20 points and 20 
rebounds for the Suns, who pushed the 


offs for the first time since 1971 
longest current streak in the NBA. 

Nets 107, Backs 185s New Jersey 
led by eight with 1:35 left, but needed 
reserve Johnny Newman’s jumper with 


1 J seconds to go to win in Milwaukee. 

Newman scored 21 points as the Nets 
moved into seventh place in the Eastern 
Conference. 

Hawks 110, Cavafiere 95: Moo- 
kie Blaylock had 19 points and 10 as- 
sists, and Atlanta took control early by 
hitting 23 of its Gist 29 shots against 
Cleveland. 

It was the 10th victory in 14 games 
for the Hawks, who moved a half-game 
ahead of idle New York and remained a 
half-game up on Atlanta in the race for 
the Eastern Conference lead. 

Bids 96, Heat 90: Scoltie Pippen 
scored 27 points and made a crucial 


defensive play to help Chicago beat 
Miami for its ninth consecutive victory. 

Pippen blocked an attempted dunk 
by Grant Long with 40 seconds left to 
seal the victory. 

Miami, which has lost lOof 12 games, 
now leads Charlotte by three games for 
eighth place in the conference. 

Placers 115, 76ers 87: Byron 
Scott scored a season-high 21 paints 
and Indiana established season highs 
for rebounds and assists in Philadel- 
phia. 

losing streak on the road? mova^bHo 
sixth place in the conference with the 
hdp of 59 rebounds and 39 assists. 


a 

conditional third-rounder in 1995. 

All but Moon will be backups. TTMTV 1 • 9f|0 

The VDcings, with considerable lai- flJPAin 98 
enl at most positions, have suffered 
in recent years with erratic quarter- 
backs. Last season, the injury- 
prone Jim McMahon provided a 
sometimes-effective one-year fix, 
but he and his $2 million salary were 
cut loose after the season ended. 

The Oilers’ general manager, 

Floyd Reese, said the team’s salary 
structure couldn’t support two $3 
million quarterbacks: Moon and 
backup Cody Carlson. 

“The only 

Hesaid he fivoral clanging lie 


ConqrUed by Our Staff From Dispatches 

ZURICH — FIFA’s general sec-* 
retaiy, Sepp Blatter, said Thursday 
he would quit his post in 1998 and 
indicated he was unlikely to stand 
to succeed Joao Havel ange as presi- 
dent of soccer's governing body. . 

“I will stop being general secre- 
tary in 1998. Dial’s definite,” Blat- 
ter said. “By then 1 will have been 

in 


be to play JOT I certain He said he faw»rerf rhanaina (hr 


said of Moon. "Thai would make 
him lower paid than a lot of people 
on the team, which 1 could never 
see happening.” 

Rypien is almost sure locate* on 
with another team. Rod Do- 
wfaower, his quarterback coach in 
Washington, is now with Cleveland 
and said the Browns are interested. 
So, reportedly, are Kansas City and 
Tampa Bay. 

But in any or those places, Ry- 
pien would be insurance for incum- 


SCOREBOARD 


loston 
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Florida I l • 37S 

Control Division 

Cincinnati ‘ | ™ 

Houston * J „ 

St. Louis 4 3 

3 4 joh 


(IB) and SJUomar; Lcttwtctv Letrtrrt 171. 
Lewis (9) and Mvere.C.Tun»r (1B>- W-UTO- 
qutsL t-a i. — Lewis, <M. 5v— ALTarner It). 
HR*— Cleveland, Lotton tl). Sorrento 2 (2). 
California. BJoduon (1). Efww (II. 


'levetand 
, ■ -terhlcaoo 

■ . TWIInoufcee 

T koreresCity 
, Minnesota 

Oakland 
■ f . Zahlenlo 



OB 


1 

3 

2V* 


IV# 

2 

4 

5 


1*S 

IV# 

3 


GB 

3 
3V# 

4 

4VS 


I 

IV# 

2«a 

TVS 


Toronto 

Oakland 


Ml m— 8 


IN N1 

Ml B» 

(Tl inaiant 
AJ-elter. Castillo (6). TTmJln {>), Shrftte- 
mvre (9), Cadaret (III and Kroit; Wrick, 
Nuns* (71, Rtohottl (71, Rem (Ol.ecfceratoy 
110), Ontiveros (12) and Stetnbaeh. Hornond 
(10). V*— OntWeros. M. L— Cadanet. 0-1. 
HRs— Toronto, DeHtado (0). Spraaue (2). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
SanOMO Ml IN NO-2 S 1 

pnWwrWi » MO 00n-« 4 • 

TLWomH. PAMartlne* W Aiamus; 
NeoBta, Minor 17), WWte 19) and SlaugN. 
W— Negate. 1-t- L—TL Worrell, 0-1. Sv-WWte 
(21. HR— San Diem Planner (21. 


BASKETBALL 


MBA Standings 

EASTERN CONFERENCE 
ABanttcDtvWo* 


Ctnctanatl 

Montreal 


MO ON KM 2 • 


2 

2V# 

M 


3fe» 


.«• 


L Chicago 

* Pittsburgh * 4 ■* B 

. West Division 

’ \ San Francisco S 3 » 

; U Las Angeles 3 ! ^ 

Aj Colorado 2 ! 

, f SanOleao * 8 * ,n 

-- Wednesday’s line Scores 

AMS RICAN LEAGUE 
Baltimore NO MO J I 

Deli on M0 888 M?"" 4 ...* _!1 

Mom, Efcttwn (7). Pennl nBlon jM_ "~ 
Hones; Oohertv, Krueger 18), Hct mema" Ml 
ana KreuMr. W-Oahertv, l.t . L~M om . 0-J 
Sv— Henreman Of. 

CD.DetrotLPlillllpaOl.EJTavtsni.FtetderMl 

• Minnesota MS ON M \ 

scuttle on on wM • ■ 

r Mohomes, WUHs (8). Caswi (7), Aowjtem 
j Wqndwmteck; Hibbard. JJietson W.Wr 
1pm (71. Davis ») and 
* lirnnes. l-ft L-Htbbort.0-1 5w-AauHwa VO. 

• (hr*— M innesota. Lekis (II. Seattle, Aotnonr 

-• 14). Jefferson (I). . 

;V Boston 0OO IN MB-' > * 

. Kmsas CUy MO 888 ***-* .J—Z 

’> Sate. Harris 18). Fossa* tW. Russell («»* 
’X’ VOKe; Gordon. Brewer (8). gg? 

W— Brewer. ML. L— Russolfc 0-1. MR— Kansas 
o ' atv. Hamolln (21. M , i 

New York ON NO ON- 8 * ; 

ailcogo 9N 200 21*— O 11 . \ 

# jjkhbott. WkJtmen (7),Haw e IBl. Rca rQcn 
IS) and Nokes; Bere. Assenmoriwr Mi. 
McCaSkM (9) and Katkoviet 
L-JJU*ott. 1-1- NR-CWcaW* Frtmm iw- 

- MHwaokee DM 020 BM O-G 8 

■ Texas dm »l l» 11 1 

(ID iaaMK) 

weoman. Brankrv (71- U«V« W- S^tan 
(toi and Nilsson; Drew. Hurst IS^Careen- 
. ter (7), Hanevcuft (81, HawOll (8). Honk* IV) 
and Bodrlooet W-He«*A 1* L— Scanl«m.»- 
! t. HR-Texm. strange (M. . 

Cleveland » D» « • 

A CMJhnia 828 D00 ON 0—5 7 8 

i [U maMs) 

* Naov. Mesa <91. LUltewlst (M. M.Turt*' 


0)0 BN m— 3 8 0 

Rlfo* McElroy (91. Carrasco (9 1 and Oar- 
sett: PJJAarilnez, Wettetend (?) and 
D. Fletcher. W-Wettetand, M. L— McElrw, 
(M. HR— Montreal, D.Refcfier 2 U). 
Houston NO ON M0— 4 7 0 

Florida NO NO 0M-* 7 3 

Swindell, TaJanes (9) and EuseMo; Hom- 
mond. RJ^whi «). Anulno 17), JJtemonde* 
(9) md Santtaaa. W-«w(ndU(,M. L— Ham- 
nwnd. 1-t. HR— Houston, Eusebio (1). 

Las Anodes N ON ON — 2 I 1 

5L fjouls OM 2M N*— 4 7 0 

Rjwrttnez. Wayne (6). DreHort (7) and PF 
nym ; sutattfe. R. Rodrigue# (7). Paloctos (8), 
Perez (9) and Poppos. W— Sutcliffe, I -a 
L— RJWarttnez, 0-2. S v - P erez O). HR—SL 
Louis, Lonktord (2). 

son Francisco Ml ON W1 OW-3 7 0 

Affcmfa NO MO 101 0N-4 XS 1 

(12 tanteO*) 

Hlckenen. Frev (7). Montelesne ( 7) . Rog- 
■rs (91. MJaritson (9). Menemtec (11) and 
Uanwaring; Avery, Bedroslon (8). McMI- 
Umw) (9), Stanton (10), Wohlers (71) and JXo- 
pez. w woMers. «L L— Menendez, M. 
HRs— San Frondsco. Oavton (1). Atlanta, 
McGriff (2). G ***** OX 
r u ii j ,uilo OH 8M MO— 3 8 1 

FMlmlnlrtiiti Mo 321 see— n n 2 

GrXarris, MjMunaz (7). Blair (8). Moore 
[Stand Girard; Rlverc*Sloeunib(61.DJone9 
in and Dowfton. W— Rivera. HL L-GrJtor- 
rte. b- 1. HRs— Colorado. Buries (3>. PMtadel- 
oWa Daulfon (41- 

Japanese Leagues 



W L 

Pci 

GB 

*-wewYork 

52 23 

jm 

— 

x-Ortorxte 

46 29 

£U 

4 

New Jersey 

41 34 

SB 

12 

Miami 

40 37 

sn 

13 

Boston 

29 47 

-382 

Z3># 

PMtodetPWa 

24 53 

312 

29 

Washington 

22 S3 

central WvWon 

293 

30 

x-Attanta 

S3 23 

mt 

— 

x-CNoogo 

S3 24 

ABB 

W 

x-OevgiaDd 

43 34 

556 

10VJ 

Indiana 

41 35 

sn 

12 

awiotfe 

36 39 

MO 

ISVJ 

Detroit 

20 56 

263 

33 

Milwaukee 

19 57 

250 

34 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 
MHwsstOIVtriM 



W L 

Pd 

GB 

jc-Hoastorr 

55 2D 

J33 

— 

x-Son Antonio 

53 24 

MO 

3 

x-Utnti 

48 a 

632 

7Vi 

Denver 

38 30 

-SOO 

17V# 

Minnesota 

*0 54 

-263 

35te 

DoBas 

10 44 

Pacific Division 

.132 

45rt 

v-Sealtte 

58 18 

763 

— 

x-PManbc 

51 24 

SB. 

7Yj 

wOotdea Start 

45 31 

sn 

13 

x-Parttand 

45 31 

sn 

13 

LA. Lakers 

33 43 

A34 

25 

LA. Dipper* 

24 50 

342 

32 

Saenanento 

24 50 

34? 

32 


M 20 21 31 — 88 
28 27 34 2S-M7 
LA; Lynch 7-15 04 M, SmHt) )M7W22;P; 
Borktey 9-11 1-2 2A CebalkM 2-7 22. Re- 
hn en di L ai Anoetes S5 (CompbetL Lynch. 
Smith 7). Phoenix U (Barkley 20). Assists— 
LO* Angeles 2S (Von Exri 8), Phoenix 33 
(KJohnson 18). 

S!Z 3 im 3 iKSi 


NHL Standings 


KANSAS CITY- A c t iva te d Rusty Meo- 
cfxmv Pitcher, tram 15-day disabled IbL Sent 
Tom Goodwin, outfielder, to Omaha, AA. 


CHICAGO — TTodeot Shawn Battle, pitcher, 
to PtiltadelptTla tor Kerin Foster, Pitcher. 
Called upchuck Crlm, pitcher, from lowaAA. 

FLORIDA— Put Greg Colbrunn, InfleMer, 
on ISriay disabled list, retroactive April 9. 

PHILADELPHIA— Put To mm Greene, 
pitcher, on lSdav disabled list, retroactive to 
April 9. 

SAN DIEGO— Signed Kevin Moos. IN base- 
men, to minor -league contract and assigned 
Mm lo Wichita TL. 

BASKETBALL 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 
AttmttC DtriStori 
W L T PI* 
P-N.Y. Rangers 52 

x-Now Jersey 44 

x-Woshlnot o n 30 

x-N.Y. isKmdera 34 

Ftorido 32 

Philadelphia 35 

Tampa Bay 29 

N o r th e as t Dtvhlao 
V-PIttSburNi 44 27 13 101 

x -Boston 42 20 13 97 

x -Montreal 41 29 14 N 

x -Buffalo 43 31 9 95 

Quebec 34 41 8 7* 

Hartford 26 48 9 41 

Ottawa 14 40 9 37 


7 111 
12 MM 
10 84 
12 84 
17 81 
9 79 


43 11 49 


GF GA 
297 229 
302 219 
274 241 
281 240 
229 232 
292 312 
219 349 

299 MS 
207 249 
283 248 
200 215 
Z73 279 
224 284 
200 393 


LU Angeles Z7 45 It 45 297 320 

Edmonton 25 45 13 43 2W303 

x-cilnched ptavoH berth; y-atrislon title 
z-d Inched best record overall 

WEDNESDAY'S RESULTS 

8 4 4-8 

0 0 8-8 
Second Period: B-Donatn22 tstumoei Mar- 
ais) (pp); B-Hughes 13 (Oates. Murrey); B- 
Rekf 6 1 Oates); BCzorkmnk) 1 (Oorts, Reid) 
Third Period: frSmonnokl 30 (Stewart, Men 
art); B-Knibscheer 3 Uafrotc. mendeau); B- 
SmaHMtsl 31 (Danofo) (sh); BAfcrort/ fSrtw 
art kjfrate). Short on goal: B (on Biutegtoa 
Mod et ey) KM29-31. O (Riendaau) 7 48 1 9. 


on eoaf: e (an rraei s-r-int-M. sj. (an 
BrathwQite) 8440—19. 

Oofoarv l 2 i— i 

Los Anoetes 2 2 2-4 

First Period: C-Retchei 40 (Nykmder, Ti- 
tov); LA.-Ward 13 (Danraily. Huddy) Mil 
LA- Toad 8 (Rubltoflle, Blake) (pa). Second 
Period: C-Frtwry 39 (RektieL Mccliwis) 
(pp); I^A.-Orucel2(Levemie.Zhllnlk).- LA.- 
Druce 13 (Todd, RetXtollle); 7, Cotognr. Fleu- 
ryNlReMtwLNIeuwendA) (pol.Tltlnl Peri- 
od: C-Tltov 27 (Sullivan) (sh); LA-Robftnirio 
43 (Sydor, Diner); l_A_-Druce 14 I Kuril); 
(xh-en). short on goal: C (on Hnuteyl 20-12- 
10—42. LA. (on Vernon) 10-10-14-34. 


WESTERN CONFERENCE 
Central Dhrrtten 


Yomhfll 

Yokohama 

Yakut* 

Hiroshima 

cnwiteht 

HansMn 


central Leagae 
W L T 
4 1 0 

3 2 0 

2 2 0 
2 2 0 
1 3 0 

1 3 0 


PcL OB 
200 — 


JM 

.500 

an 

3S0 

jso 


1 

irt 

2» 

2W 

2V# 


Tk w s du f rt Resolrt 
YpmiVrf 7a Yokohama 6 
Hiroshima 4, Yakut! X 12 InnteM 
HonsMn 7. Qwnidit 3 

pacific League 



w 

L 

T 

PEL 

GB 

Datei 

4 

1 

O 

30D 

1 

Orix 

3 

2 

0 

400 

Sclbv 

3 

2 

0 

MO 

1 

Ntopan Hart) 

2 

3 

0 

MO 

2 

KKtntev 

1 

3 

0 

350 

2 » 

Lotte 

I 3 O 230 

TbertrtaVs Result* 

2 to 


SoffiuX Driel 1 
Ortx 5, Nkipon Horn 2 
Lotto *, Kintetsu 8 


WEDNESDAY'S RESULTS 
Detroit 29 20 21 24— 94 

Boston 31 M 29 2J-109 

D: Mms 18-14 +5 25, Houston 9-22 54 2«; B: 
Radio 8-16 H 2a Brawn 8-13 5-5 21. Rt- 
booed* Detroit 57 (Anderson B>. Boston 42 
(Rodta 14). ABrtts — DetroK T9 (Hunter ITI, 
Boston 27 (DauahB 11). 

IlNIeno 27 31 3D 27 — IIS 

PMtadetpUa 15 19 23 IB- 07 

I: Srrrib 4-10 3-3 li Scot* 9-13 0-0 21; P: PerfV 
58 M TXWegtbers p oon 4-167-9 19. R M BPO ds 
Indiana 46 (DiDavls 12). Philadetehta 52 
WteaBiere p con 11). AssWs-UvHona 39 
fWbrkman 13), PWtacrtiPWa IS (Dowktns 4). 

23 22 if 2S-H 
Mtand 27 14 23 24—98 

C: Grant 9-1557 2% Pippen 1V1B^527: M: 
Rice 6-223-3 16, SaDey 6-11*4 Id. RMxwnd*— 
Odcaao Si ( Ptppcn. Lanaiey 71. AU am) *8 
<Ij— . loBei ■l.ilnrifts QiIcobo 19 [PlPP«n 
4). Miami U (Show Si. 

Oevetand 22 17 « »— « 

Attends 33 31 » »-« 

C; PhllJsS-W 58 Ti Brandon 7-2D 2-2 16; A: 
Btavkx*S9i-T ».EhtoB-12 V21B. Rebouwte— 
Cle vela nd 41 (PtdlbO). AHonlo 40 (Morning 
nU btth Cleveland 14 (BrandonSl. AWan- 
ta 34 (Blaytock 101. 

New Jersey Zi 29 27 M-W 

Mdwaofcw M 19 » 

Nj: Anderson 5-X M0 19, Newman M2 M 
21: M: Nonnan 9-12 88 ZJ. Bt*BT 9-76 *-? 2, 
Murdock 0-15 5S 23. R ebou nd s - New Jersey 
J1 (Coleman 11), Milwaukee 41 (Sirana 14). 
ASttets— New Jeraw Zl (Anderson 8). MU- 
waufcoe 73 (Manteck 8). 

Denver » 17 27 O-ss 

sen Antogio 25 l* 21 1J-9 8 

D: Elite M5H14 Rogers 8-14 2-2 18s S: 
Robkaen 9-2J 13-15 32, Daniels 58 08 12. R» 
booods— Denver <7 (MytoiWia Elite 
Antonio <2 (Rottasi 18). AaWt-o wr 14 
(Abdul- Rout 4). San Antonto « I RoBte»" *»- 


NBA— Fined Charles BrrfcJer, Ptwenlx 
Suns forward, S7JW lor making deroaertorv 
c om ments about Ihe officiating and tailing to 
leave court In timely manner offer game 
April It Suspended James Worthy, L-A. Lak- 
or* larwont wlltiouT poy tor 1 oome and fhied 
him S&eaa and lined Chris Gatilna. Go toon 
Slate forward. SUM for Homing In game 
April T2- 

DALLA5— I Fired Rick SumLvIce president. 
HOUSTON— Signed Lorry Robinson, 

guard, to se co nd ItHtay contract. 

MINNESOTA— Signed Andres Gulbert, 
center. Put Trim Frank, forward, on Mind 
UsL 

FOOTBALL 

NaHeaaT FoofbaH Leone 
aNClNNATt— Signed Tim McGee mid 
Wglt Rsmbert wKte receivers. Claimed 

Santo Stephens, linebacker, otf waivers from 

Kansas atv. 

HOUSTO N Ite Waned Glenn Montgom- 
ery, defensive tackle, to mar contract 
LOS ANGELES— Named Rennie Simmons 
t&ri ends coach. 

NEW ENGLAND— Re-signed Mnirlce 
Hunt, coritertaek; Vincent Britov, wide re- 

oriver; and Bryon Hooks and Marla Johnsai. 

defensive ends. Signed Ricky Reynolds, de- 
tensive back, to three Wear attracts. 

SAN DIEGO— Traded Moraucz Papa, de- 
fensive back, to LA. Rams lor 4 #kouxi draft 
choice in 1995. RfrSlmd Darrell ttomfifon, 
offensive tackle. Signed Kent Sullivan purd- 

**’■ COLLEGE 

NCAA— Put Loufskma Tech men's basket- 
ball program on Vyeor probation lor wrioue 

Mractians In basketball program. 



W 

L 

T Pte GF GA 

z-Oetreff 

44 

29 

8 

100 3S3 Zrt 

x-Toranla 

42 

29 

12 

M 274 239 

x-Oaitos 

41 

29 

13 

95 2S2 242 

x-SL Louis 

39 

33 

11 

89 247 282 

x-Odcaae 

y> 

35 

» 

87 250 234 

Winnipeg 

24 

50 

9 

57 244 3<1 


Pactflc DMsxm 


y-Cotoory 

42 

29 

13 

97 302 254 

x-Vanesuver 

41 

40 

3 

05 279 274 

x-San Jose 

33 

35 

14 

82 252 245 

Anaheim 

33 

44 

S 

71 229 251 


N.Y. Istoaden 0 2 

Taama Bay • t 0-8 

scowl Period: N-Y,Thomas 41 (King); 
N.Y.-ThomQ542(Turgeon).Stiortoaaoal: N.Y. 
(on Puppo) 5 * 3 - 17 . 7 (an Hextall) 7 - 13 - 10 -& 
Montreal 8 8 8-8 

Detroit 2 3 4-9 

First Period: D-KaUov 33 (Fedorov. LkJ- 
strom); D-Sheppard51 ( Y z e r m un . Prlmeau). 
secoud Period: D-Burr 9 iProberl, La- 
points) ; D-Sheppard 52 (Yzerman, Caftey); 
DCoffey 13 (Johnson, McCanyl.TIrird Peri- 
od: Mutt to (PrebertKowei ; D-PrimeauSO 
(Yzerman. Howe); D-Fedorav 54 (Kozlov, 
accarellll; D-Primeau 31 (Yzerman, Chios- 
son). Shots on goal: m (on Ess*n90)128-4— 3*. 
D ion Rov. Tuonutl) 14-17-15-4B. 
Edmontea 1 1 0 # — 3 

San Jom 1 • 1 0-2 

First Period: &J.-Gcnidreau 15 (Odoers); 
E-Ciger 22 (Corson). Second Period: E-Anwtf 
31 (Clper, Beers) (pp). TMrd Period: S_L- 
Pederaon 4 (Whitney, Garpentov) (pp). Shots 


M Vascaavcr 


#2 8—2 
8 0 1—1 
Second Period: V^ure4ILV-Hunter3 (Me 
Intyre) (to). TMrd Period: A-willtoms 5 
(YofcstLeney). Shot* on goal: V Tan Hebert) 5- 
TW— 27 . a (on Whitmore) 1M VO-31. 


SHARJAH ONE-DAY INTERNATIONAL 
la Sftartaft, United Arab Emirates. 
Graep A, First iraloga. Wednesday 
India vs. Emirates Cricket Bored 
Indio: 273-5 (50 oven) 

United Arabee Emirates: 2024 (SO overs) 
India won by 71 rans 

Group B, First tunings. Th ur sd a y 
AestroSa vs. Sri Inin 
Sri Lanka: 154 (494) 

Australia: 158-1 C36JS avers) 

Australia won by 9 wtekefs 


presidency in 1998 from an honor’ 
ary position to a full-time job,' 
much like that of the chairman of 
the board of a big company, but 
that “I will be 62 then and too old.” 

He said he would like to remain 
in soccer, possibly as a consultant, 
if he stayed in good health. 

Blatter also FIFA’s disciplinary 
committee decided Thursday that 
“television and video evidence will 
be used in cases where there is some 
doubt about the responsibility of 
players sent off or not sent ofr in 
the World Cop finals that start in 
the United Slates on June 17. 

He said this was a major step 
toward greater fairness in cusciplin- 
ing players, but that (h^. use of film 
would be restricted to disciplinary 
proceedings after matches and 
would not be used during matches 
to change refereeing decisions; 

• Salzburg and Inter Milan 
switched venues for the two legs of 
the UEFA Cup final to avoid having 
to stage major European matches 
in Milan on consecutive days. 

Vienna will host the first leg or 
the UEFA Cup final on April 26, 
with the return leg played in Milan 
on May 11. AC MDan is to play 
host to AS Monaco ituthe Champi- 
ons’ Cup semifinals otfApril 27. 

• Jorge Valdano, 38, 'the Argen- 
tine who has coached Tenerife in 
the Spanish first division since late 
in the 1991-92 season, has signed a 
two-year contract to coach strug- 
gling Real Madrid. (Reuters, APJ 


R'x easy to 
hViena 
md SddMfl 
fad cafe 0660-81 55 

or fax: 06069-175413 




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Muuc t wrier united 4, Oitocm i 
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Groom B 

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Page 24 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1994 


OBSERVER 


Wonderful Town 

By Russell Baker stories endlessly recited l 

N EW YORK —It’s lovely to be TV news stations durin 
back in New York after long concerned a young max 

iIumm MTU*, —i.. - i h«m dint Henri aftw a “s 


absence. "The only real city, 
somebody said to me long a?n, and 
he was not a New Yorker. Weil, we 
don't hive to be chauvinistic about 

iL 

Betty Comden and Adolph 
Green put it well enough in words 
for Leonard Bernstein's music to 
ring: ‘The Bronx is up, but the 
Battery ‘s down, and people ride in 
a hole in the ground; New York, 
New York, it’s a helluva town!** 
Thar's good enough. 

Speaking of that hole in the 
ground, riding around in it im- 
presses you with the extraordinary 
politeness of New Yorkers. They 
are supposed to be rude, crude, 
coarse, pushy, nasty, but they’re 
not. Tigers they may be at the shop, 
but as urban social creatures they 
are the souls of civilization. 

Ask them how to get to the World 
Trade Center and they’re supposed 
to snail, "You want I should cany 
you on my back to the World Trade 
CeateT?” But they don't. 

They politely teQ you how to get 
to the World Trade Center, wheth- 
er they know or noL They're too 
eager to be helpful to confess they 
can’t help you because they don't 
have the slightest idea bow to get to 
the World Trade Center. 

□ 


stories endlessly recited by the local 
TV news stations during my stay 
concerned a young man who lad 
been shot dead after a ^staredowo-” 
This says nothing distin ctive about 
New York. Young men are shooting 
each other dead in dries all over the 
United States these days, often for 
no reason at alL 

□ 


Before Grunge Rock: 
Seattle's Jazz Roots 


By Mike Zwerin 

International Herald Tribune 


P ARIS — Soundgarden's new album, 
"Supenmknown.” entered the Bill- 
board chart at No. 1 late last month. The 
Seattle band thus joins Nirvana, Alice in 
Chains and Pearl Jam in the grunge hah of 
fame. Grunge rock is like Kleenex, neither 
substantial nor permanent but necessary, 
and unfortunately I think they are doing 
the best they can. We get the music we 
deserve. It keeps Seattle on the musical 
map. 

Seattle, the capital of grunge, has joined 
Detroit, San Francisco and Liverpool as 
an important alternative musical hub. 
Over the past decade or so, Americans 
have been moving out there to find peace- 
ful civilization in the rain. On the Pacific 
Rim, it relates to the Far East and to 
Vancouver, another enlightened rity about 
130 miles to the north. 

Seattle produced Ray Charles, Quincy 
Jones, Jinn Hendrix, Larry CorydL Patty 
Bown, Don Lanpbere, Ernestine Anderson 
and many lesser-known lights. Eduardo 
Caklertin, a photographer now in Paris on 
an NEA fellowship, recently completed 
work an the coffee-table book “Jackson 
Street After Hours: The Roots of Jazz in 
Seattle” (Sasquatch Books), with text by 
Paul de Banos. The Peruvian Caldcrbn has 
lived in Seattle since 1969, not long after 
they cleaned up the corruption and began 
to roll in the sidewalks at 10 P. M. 

The book preserves the history of 
“America’s only native art fomT in a city 
where it was both rich and obscure and 
focuses on what de Banos calls “the invisi- 
bility of the African Americans.” 

“I was frankly unprepared for the 
sweeping neglect I encountered." he 
writes. "As I scoured old newspapers and 
magazines for information about black 
jazz musicians, it became increasingly 
dear that a whole era had gone by un- 
named. nnliailwl and unrecorded. Musi- 
cians famous and not so famous came and 
went, put down roots, influenced other 
musicians, started bands, ended them, bad 
heydays and down days, but no one both- 
ered to take notice or keep track.” 

Seattle was a “city of sin” during the 
Yukon Gold Rush. Later than but not 
unlike in New Orleans, jazz grew up in the 
shadow of gambling, prostitution, alcohol 
and drugs. While the local white press 
reviewed mediocre chamber music con- 
certs, it ignored the fact that anything of 
cultural importance might be happening 
where black people and whites on the 
border of "respectability” gathered. The 


Riding underground in the 
morning crush, you are struck by 
the exquisite courtesy of New 
York. Here is this human ant heap, 
a milli on people, elbow to elbow, 
moving at high speed by foot and 
rail, yet scarcely a jostle occurs. 

Everyone is breathin§ into every- 
one else’s ear, yet there is rarely the 
slightest invasion of that onion- 
skin-thin layer of privacy encasing 
each traveler. 

New Yorkers don’t like being 
told their city is civilized. Slow 
them a television camera and ihey 
will call New York a jungle filled 
with animals, which is a silly meta- 
phor of course. Animals never treat 
their own kind bestially, as humans 
so often do. 

S till. New Yorkers fancy the ro- 
mance of survival under stress. 
They will say that if people do not 
jostle and stare on the subway, it’s 
only because they are terrified of 
what awful retribution may foDow. 

In fact, one of the endless crime 


You’d rather travel on the sur- 
face? Wonders await. From Mur- 
ray Hill to Momingside Heights I 
am treated to a radio conversation 
between cabbie and his dispatcher. 
In Punjabi 

On the way back the driver is 
fresh in from Africa and speaks a 
practically flawless English, just as 
l speak a practically flawless 
French. Which is to say, our com- 
mands of the speaking don’t mean 
either one of us will understand if 
you speak back. 

So I shout, “Seventh Avenue, Sev- 
enth! Not Second Avenue!" Too 
late. We are east of the park buried 
in motionless traffic. AD New York, 
maddened with spring after the win- 
ter’s ni ghtmare , ^ h acking in a fan- 
tastically gorgeous traffic jam. 

There are wonders everywhere. 
All winter I have been looking for 
disks of Schubert's music, but back 
there in that pinched winter town 
finding four Schuberts is a tri- 
umph. At Lincoln Center the selec- 
tion of disks goes on for almost 
ever. You could spend yourself 
bankrupt and still not exhaust the 
supply. 

Uptown on the West Side in the 
70s one of America's finest play- 
wrights, Edward Albee, offers a 
new play so good it can exist only 
on the stage and never, thank the 
gods, become a movie. It's a perfect 
illustration of why theater is an 
indispensable art. 

What’s more, for New York’s 
ironies are also wondrous, this 
lovely play cannot even find a 
home in tire theater district with its 
endlessly mnning , mindless musi- 
cal spectaculars. 

Yet “Medea” can! "Medea" by 
Euripides! Euripides on Broad- 
way! We sit mesmerized, horrified, 
absolutely still, not a cough in the 
house f or 90 astounding minutes as 
Euripides gives us a lesson in what 
theater is all about. New York, 
New York, you’re a wonderful 
town. 


term "Skid Row” was coined to describe 
the neighborhood between Yeder and 
King streets where logs "skidded” down 
the hill to the mill near the port, where the 
jazz clubs were. 

Seattle was a place to get stranded. You 
can go no farther west or north in the 
United States. The Cascade Mountains 
block the way east. Is 1911, the vaudevil- 
lians Nora and Ross Hendrix settled in 
Seattle when they ran out of money. An 
evocative photo reveals Nora's startling 
resemblance to her grandson JimL 

Jelly Roll Morton, who claimed he “in- 
vented” jazz, worked in the Entertainers 
Gub after he left New Orleans in 1917. He 
and his wife operated a boarding house for 
awhile. He was “just another sport in the 
district, with a diamond front tooth and a 
cool hand for pool, trying to raise a dime.” 
He also ran a string of girls. 

From the 1930s through the early 1960s. 
Seattle was a wide-open boom town. There 
was logging, the military, the port and 
BocmgTSomewhat like New Orleans at the 
turn of the century, a combination of tal- 
ent, loose money and relative racial toler- 
ance gave birth to a creative musical atmo- 
sphere along with political corruption, 
euphemistically referred to as a "tolerance 
policy ” There were seven jazz clubs on 
Jackson Street alone, phis all the road- 
houses on the edge of town, and the action 
continued past dawn. 

Junior Raglin was stranded in Seattle 
with Coy's Eleven Blade Aces. He played a 
two-necked guitar with bass strings on one 
and guitar strings on the other. The local 
musician Palmer Johnson said: “Junior 
could play guitar and walk the dog on the 
bass.” Rflglm left town to join Duke El- 
lington, recording, amongothers, the clas- 
sics “Ramcheck” and "Chelsea Bridge.” 

In 1947, a teenage Ray Charles dedded 
he wanted to “get as far away from Tam- 




PEOPLE ^ 

Courtney Love Charged 


t Mik. 

■ ' r: 

’ V? • • 


The singer Courtney Love ^ 
arrested and examined for a suspeg. 
ed drag overdose the day before 1 ^. 
husband, Kwt Cobain, was fotnui 
dead. Cobam, the singer for tfe 
grunge band Nirvana, killed faim^ 
with a shotgun, and his body 
found Friday at his Seattle bon* 
The police in Beverly Hills said Lm* 
was arrested the previous day a: & 
posh hotel and charged with 
possession, examined at a hosp^ 
and released on baiL The Seaafcl 


ipfb 1 


Post-Intelligencer on Thursday 1 
quoted the medical examiner's </. 
fice as saying that Cobain was high 
on drugs when he killed himself aqj 
lay dead for three days before ha 
body was found. The paperreportui 
earlier that police records show Co. 
bain was hospitalized in May 2993 
after a heroin overdose. 

□ 

Billy Joel and Christie Brinfcfa 
have announced they are separat- 
ing after nine years of marriagt 
The supennodel and' the anger- 
songwriter have an 8-year-old 
daughter, AJexa Ray. 

□ 

The Marquess of Btaidfort, the 
wayward heir to one of Britain's 
aristocratic titles, pleaded guilt; 
Thursday to stealing a checkbook 
and forging checks but denied 
making off without paying a tan 
fare. He was released on bail until 
May 1Z and the court eased its tan 
ban, ruling that he oould take cabs 
when accompanied bv his lawyer. 
□ 





Cbrfoaa Raw (QMbob) 

Documenting jazz in Seattle: Eduardo 
Grideria’s photo of Ray Charles. 




pa, Florida, as 1 could go, so l wouldn’t 
know nobody ” He picked “this exotic 
town in the upper left-hand comer of the 
map. It just seemed like a reasonable place 
to go. AD mystery and adventure.” Billed 
as “The Blind Sensation,” he worked im- 
mediately. He started "gospelizing” the 
blues as a sort of inside musicians’ joke 
and then discovered later down in Los 
Angeles that this was something a lot of 
people wanted to hear. "In Seattle,” 
Diaries said, "all of a sudden I had to 
become a man " 

Sixteen-year-old Quincy Jones was 
playing trumpet with Bumps Blackwell's 
Garfield High School band in 1949. Lionel 
Hampton hired him but he was kicked off 


New York Times Service 


the bus by Hemp's wife and manager, 
Gladys, who told him to go back to school 
In 1931, he left for the Berklee School of 


Music in Boston. Interviewed by Calderon 
and de Barros in L A, Jones recalled: "I 


wanted to get out of town. I wanted to get 
away from home and get to Boston so 1 
knew I'd be dose to Bird and MDes. That’s 
all I cared about.” 

Charles and Jones became close friends 
in Seattle and remain so dose today that 
they work together without written con- 
tracts- Both are protected by layers of man- 
agers, lawyers and bodyguards. Calderon 
describes meeting them: “People wonting 
for Quincy and Ray told us we could rally 
have a limited time to interview them. This 


was expensive time. It took us two years to 
get an appointment with Ray. But once 
they saw the old photographs and we start- 
ed talking about die old days, mentioning 
names they hadn’t thought about for years, 
they just went on 'and on fra hours." 

In 1957, 15-year-old Jimi Hendrix start- 
ed to play guitar. He was influenced by a 
local white rhythm and blues guitarist 
named Joe Johansen (racially integrated 
bands were not unusual in Seattle in the 
’40s and ’50s), who also taught Lany Cor- 
yell R&B tunes. 

There was a dark underbelly to the ’50s. 
Charlie Parker shot heroin backstage at 
the Metropolitan Theatre. Stan Getz was 
busted breaking into a downtown drug 
store and tried to kill himself in jafl. And 
most recently Kurt Cobain of Nirvana, 
who also had a drug problem, committed 
suicide in his Seattle home. It can be 
maintained that Parker and Getz were 
alienated, playing such beautiful, inven- 
tive and undervalued music. But Cobain 
was a milli onaire rock star. What is it 
about music? Maybe it’s just all that rain 
in Seattle: 

“Seattle is one of the Loveliest incubaters 
youH ever run into," says Floyd Standifer, 
a local trumpeter. “It always was a place to 
get h together. You can’t stay here if you 
want to make it big, but this town wiD hook 
you. You’D always end up coming back." 




Cdtf** 

Defend 


L . , -v , 


- i r ■ i : 

yJ|l- ‘ ' 


Gerafcfine Ferraro has aspired (o 
higher office more than once: & 
has saved in the House of Reprt- 
sen tati ves, has run for the Senate 
and the vice presidency and is new 
the US. representative to the U* 
H uman Rights Commission. & 
never has she been nominated far a 
post as lofty as the one she is play- 
mg at Columbia University: that of 
God in the Varsity Show.' 

O 


Odyssey Auctions of California, 
which specializes in celebrity memo- 
rabilia, is launching a search fa 
Marilyn Monroe’s 1950 Pontiac Se- 
dan Deluxe Coupe. It said it would 
pay $50,000 for it 


i^ERMnom 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Pages 6 , 10 & 16 


WEATHER 


CROSSWORD 


Europe 


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North America 

Windy and cooler weather 
w* reach th e East Coast this 
weekend. Boston to Blrtffito 
wifi have below normal tem- 
peratures while the area 
from New York Cav to Wash- 
ington, O.C., win be near to 
slightly below normal. A 
spnng heat wave wfl devel- 
op from Phoenix to SaA Lake 
C«y. 


Europe 

London and Pails wM have 
mainly dry, seasonable 
weather this weekend Into 
Monday. Heavy rains will 
occur from Mian and Rome 
lo Sarajevo. Very warm 
weather «rl surge northward 
from Istanbul and Sofia 


through Kiev. Centra! Europe 
wMI be damp and coat with 
scattered tahs. 


Asia 

Bsipng through Seoul wil be 
dry and warm tWs weekend 
kilo Monday. Tokyo win be 
dry and seasonable. A tew 
showers and thunderstorms 
wifi erupt over sout h wea ta n 
China. Bangkok and ManHa 
will be hot wtth some hazy 
sunshine. Hong Kong and 
Shanghai will be partly 
sunny and waim. 


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figure 

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11 OvfirtSTTwtSng 
antidote, rotfeBy 

14 In (prenatal) 

is Film director 

Resnais 

is Dif fe rent ending 
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15 Minolta rival 
IS Carrie married 

toCavett 


20 Modem choice 

23 Former Swedish 
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28 Ventnor or 
Vermont. e.g.: 
Abbr. 


27 Sassoon 
creations 
2 fl Modem choice 

#2 


33 Theda 'The 
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34 Example, for 
example 


Solution to Pbde of April 14 


North America 


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Hgb tew W Mgh low W 


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Today 
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000000 0GJ0l 3E3 
□□□□ aoa H03303 
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□□□ 0 Q 00000 000 
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3S Modem choice 
#3 

43 Tripie-teyer treat 
43 Cocoon-stage 
insect 

«s Modsm choice 
# 4 

si Leading 

93 She sang "At 
Seventeen" 

53 Give a wave 

94 Modsm choice 
#5 

seThat, in Spain 
so Suitor 
eiHoopIeor 
HouIBian 
as P.H. concern 
ss "Unsafe A Any 
Speed’ author 
er Logical starting 
point 

SS First degs. 

09 Plumbing tool 
70 Gait problems 


s Illinois State 
Univaraity site 
s Angel 

7 Jai 

a Jazz flutist 
Herbie 

• Lite story: Abbr. 
to Greenhorn 
11 Showy flower 
1 * Welcome 
culmination 


4« Word in a 49 Shaver 

chUdran'sttle no Varmint 

47 Contemptuous si Bitter 

■ utterance ss Like Robinson 

4 B Coyote State Jeffers’s stallion 

capital ss End notes? 


57 Need a bath 
ss Approach trie 
terminal 
S3 Lord of fiction 
S3 Alley from Moo 
•4 Apt ad mto 


13 Valleys 
si Caesar* 8 salad 
ingredients? 

38 "Arabian 
Nights’ flyer 
31 Globe 
34 Riffle 
2S Earthy prefix 
as Egypt and Syr,, 
once 


1 Holy city of Iran 
t Tony winner 
Hagen 

a Comic book 
squeal 

4' Tu’ (74 

hit* 


so- the other 

Si Milne marsupial 
32 It's "hard* for 
Ihe French 
38’Oo-si-do'dos 
37 Ml/ff 

3S Car monogram 
of yore 

39 Jupiter's mother 

40 Courage 

41 Bee's charge, in 
Mayberry 

44Shtick 
4« Cycle parts 



Ml by CMhy lOtawr 


.© New York Times Edited by Will Shortz. 


Is p 


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