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Mandela Proclaims 
f Dawn of Freedom’ 

. loth Npa^/Rentnr 

Residents of a township near Johannesburg lining up to-cast ballots Tuesday as blacks aQ over Sooth Africa flocked to polling stations to vote for the first time in all-race elections. 

A Taiwan Airbus Crashes in Japan, Killing 261 

By T. R. Reid 

H'ashingtan Past Service 

TOKYO — A China Air Lines jumbo jet 
from Taipei crashed and burst into flames while 
trying to land at Nagoya airport Tuesday night, 
trillin g 261 of the 271 passengers and crew 
members aboard. 

Officials.©? the Taiwan airline said the Air-;, 
bus A-300-60QR wide-body jetliner was cany* ' 
Lng 256 passengers and 15 crew members when 
it crashed at 8:1 6 P.M. 

Control tower recordings indicate that the 
pilot of China Air Flight 140 radioed the con- 
trollers just one minute before the crash with 

the brief message, “We’re going to repeal our 

Witnesses told Japan's NHK. news network 
that the jetliner had mpeared to be coming in 
for landing with no landing gear down. The 
plane came in nose down, they said, and 
smashed onto the runway. There were three 
explosions in quick succession, and the jet was 
engulfed in flames. • 

_ CEma J Airlines officials in Tokyo said the 
cause of the crash was under investigation, but 
they said the right wing of the plane may have 
hit the ground as the plane approached the 
runway. The airline would not comment on 
repents that the planehad experienced engine 
from Taipei. 

trouble before take-off i 

Survivors were taken to hospitals in Nagoya, 
an industrial and auto raatrafactr lag center 
about 275 kilometers (170 miles) southwest of 
Tokyo. Among them was a badly burned infant 
girt, who died at the hospital. 

Early Wednesday, the Ministry of Transpor- 
tation said 26] passengers and crew members 
were dead and that 10 people were being treat- 
ed for burns and other injuries in the hospital. 
Among the survivors was a three-year-old boy, 
according to press reports. 

OfGcials reported that 155 of the people 
aboard were Japanese, with no nationality re- 
ported for the others. Passenger lists indicated 
that nearly all those aboard had Japanese or 
Chinese names. A travel agency in Nagano, 

Japan, said it had sold 22 seats on the plane to a 
Japanese tour group. 

The plane left Taipei on Tuesday afternoon 
and armed uneventfully in Japanese air space 
around 8:00 P.M, authorities in Tokyo said. 

At 8:13, the pilot radioed the standard mes- 
sage, “China Air Lines 140, passing the outer 
marker." This is a point about 13 kilometers 
south of Nagoya airport. 1 

The control tower responded, routinely, 
“Continue your approach." 

One minute later, the control tower gave 
Flight 140 landing clearance. The pilot replied. 

See PLANE, Page 4 

Bosnian Serbs’ Pullback Is Complete , UN Confirms 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

SARAJEVO. Bosnia-Heizegovma — Bosni- 
an Serbs have removed all their heavy weapons 
from a NATO-designated exclusion zone 
around Gorazde, Eric Chaperon, the UN Pro- 
tection Force spokesman, said late Tuesday. 

“All the sites within the 20-kflomcier exclu- 
sion zone where Bosnian Serb army heavy 
weapons were previously located have been 
reported by UN military observers as being 
clear," he said. 

The news came hours before the expiration 
of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization ulti- 
matum ordering Serbian forces to pull au thor 
heavy weaponry outside the zone around the 

eastern Bosnian Muslim town by 0001 GMT 
Wednesday or face air strikes. 

NATO issued the new threat Friday after the 
Serbs defied repeated calls to stop shelling 
Gorazde, including appeals from their tradi- 
dooal aides in Moscow. 

U.S. warplanes operating under NATO com- 
mand bombed Serbian positions near Gorazde 
earlier this month, but the raids did little more 
than to infuriate the Serbs, prompting them to 
detain UN personnel and break off contact 
with the UN. 

As the Serbian offensive on Gorazde contin- 
ued, NATO agreed to extend to Gorazde and 
four other UN-declared safe areas in Bosnia the 

air-strike threat that brought ©dative peace to 
Sarajevo in February. 

The Serbs earlier had claimed to have com- 
plied after warnings from senior NATO and 
UN officials that they would be bombed by 
allied planes if they had not pulled back com- 
pletely by the deadline. 

The UN secretary-general, Buiros Butros 
Ghali, had warned the Bosnian Serbs on Tues- 
day that the UN would order air strikes if the 
Serbs missed the deadline. 

In announcing compliance, the Bosnian Ser- 
bian news agency SRNA said: “Units of the 
Bosnian Serbian Army have withdrawn to three 

kilometers from the center of ^Gorazde, and 
heavy artillery to 20 kilometers." 

The statement said the Bosnian Serbs had 
“fidly complied with the provisions of the Bel- 
grade agreement" signed by Radovan Karad- 
zic, the leader of the Bosnian Serbs, and the UN 
special envoy, Yasushi AkashL 

Minutes before the Serbian statement, a UN 
military spokesman, Michael Williams, said the 
Serbs were lagging and that the deadline was 
“very, very firm." 

Earlier Tuesday. Mr. Akashi protested to 
Bosnian Serbs over a “scorched earth" retreat 

See BOSNIA, Page 4 

Vote’s First Day 
Goes Peacefully 

By Paul Taylor 

Washington Pan Service 

JOHANNESBURG — Black and white 
South Africans voted together for the first time 
Tuesday, culminating one of modem history’s 
longest struggles against the domination of one 
race by another. 

The first day oT a three-day election was 
restricted to a small fraction of the electorate — 
the elderly, the infirm, the disabled, the preg- 
nant, the imprisoned and those living abroad. 

The day was marked by logistical snags and 
long lines, but it was free of any of the sabotage 
bombings that had claimed a total of 21 lives in 
a menacing climax to the campaign. 

Counting of the votes will begin Friday, with 
results expected Sunday. But there was little 
question that, assuming the election proceeds 
as planned, the African National Congress 
headed by Nelson Mandela would win, consid- 
ering Mr. Mandela's popularity among the 
blacks who make up 30 million of the country’s 
40 million people. 

Mr. Mandela, the longtime prisoner now 
expected to become president, had his eye on 
history Tuesday, not on logistics. “Today is a 
day like no other before it." he said at a news 
conference. “Voting in our first free and fair 
election has begun. Today marks the dawn of 
our freedom." 

For South Africa's blacks, who make up 75 
percent of the population, the balloting marked 
the first time they had exercised equal demo- 
cratic rights in the country since European 
settlers arrived three and a half centuries ago. ] l 
also marked the official end of apartheid, a 
system that institutionalized the oppression of 
blacks by a while minority government 
At some polling stations in black areas, lines 
began framing at 4 A.M. At others, the disabled 
were carried to vote in wheelbarrows or in 
blankets. Countrywide, the prevailing mood 
seemed less one of exuberance than of quiet 

“I'm tired, my back is sore, I haven’t eaten aD 
day,” Susan Ndhlovo, 67, told a South African 
Press Association reporter as she waited in a 
long line under a hot sun in Bloemfontein. “But 
I'm staying until I’ve voted.” 

The logistical problems ran the gamut from 
missing ballot material to transportation break- 
downs to personnel and tdecommumcations 
glitches. A boat carrying' ballots to prisoners on 
Robben Island — where Mr. Mandela, 75, 
spent most of his 27 years in prison — broke 
down during the short journey from Cape 
Town Harbor. The ballots were eventually 
brought by another boar 
The chairman of the Independent Electoral 
Commission of observers, Johann 
said the first day bad been “far from 
but not disastrous." 

Mr. Mandela, at his news conference, urged 
voters not to be cowed by the saboteurs behind 
the bombings this week and expressed confi- 
dence that the police and army would be able to 
secure the country’s 9,000 polling stations. 

“Standing together, lei us send a message 
loud and dear, be said. “We will not let a 
handful of killers steal our democracy." 

President Frederik W. de Klerk, in an upbeat 
mood after accompanying his 89-year-old 
mother to the polls, said the voting would “ring 
in a new era for South Africa, an era of reconcil- 
iation." He said his experiences during the 
campaign for these elections had convinced 
him that there was a “tremendous reservoir of 
good wOT among South Africa's races. 

The voters are to elect a 400-member Nation- 

See VOTE, Page 4 



World Is Up for Grabs 
In Cellular Phone Rush 

By Jacques Neher 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The cellular telephone, little 
more than a fashion accessory for young 
American investment bankers in the 80s, is 
about to touch off a global gold nish- 
Phone companies, industrial groups, 
equipment suppliers and financiers are ea- 
gerly hopping borders to stake claims on a 
market that could grow to more than $70 
billion a year within five years, from about 
$26 billion in 1993. 

Cellular phone use has surged over me 
past year as companies have become con- 

i^ced that they are the key to the portaWe 

office, and consumers are becoming seduced 

by the freedom to gab on the go. 

“We’re seeing a fundamental shut in 
economies as mobility becomes more impor- 
tant than anything else,” said Luca Tassan, 
director in London for Malarkey-Taylor As- 
sociates Inc., a market research company. 

Subscribers to mobile systems ^? ridv ^ 
grew 49 percent in 1993, to 33 ntiUiott.and 
by the end of the century then- numbers are 
expected to leap almost 500 percent, to 156 
millio n, according to Mr. Tassan. _ 

What’s more, the cellular boom is provid- 
ing cash-strapped governments an unex- 
pected source of revenue as they increasing- 
ly hold out for a piece of theacuon. 

' Last month, the Italian government pock- 

eted 750 billion lire ($466 million) from a 
license it granted to a consortium led by 
Olivetti SpA to operate a second system in 
that country. France, the Netherlands, Bel- 
gium, and Spain are expected to be equally 
demanding when they solicit bids for digital 
cellular systems this year. More than 40 
major national and regional licenses are due 
to be granted over the next few years. 

In the United States, where analog cellu- 
lar systems were introduced in the mid-SOs, 
the Federal Communications Commission 
hopes to raise ST0 bflHon this fall when it 
auctions oft pan of the radio spectrum fra 
so-called personal 'communications services 
designed for use in the home and office. 

Developing countries like Mexico and 
Thafland are demanding up-front cash and 
a continuous share of subscriber revenues. 

“These are licenses to print money." said 
Evan Miller, analyst with Lehman Brothers 
in London. “Governments are realizing that 
the radio spectrum is a very valuable com- 

Driving the market in the West, experts 
predict, mb be sharp declines in prices, 
increased marketing pressure as regulators 
open their national markets to competition, 
and the development of smaller phones — 
already as light as 200 grams (7 ounces) — 

See PHONES, Page 4 


Dm Emmcn/ ApeeiY FiMKc-IHcMr 

U.S. Special Envoy 
To Haiti Resigns 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The U.S. 
special envoy to Haiti, Lawrence PfezzuBo, 
has resigned, the Stale Department an- 
nounced Tuesday. 

Mr. Pezzulio, 68, is an experienced diplo- 
mat who took up the Haiti position 13 
months ago. But he had been regarded as the 
author of a policy that the Clinton adminis- 
tration is now abandoning in favor of a 
tougher stance toward Haiti’s military rulers. 

Mr. Pezzulio had backed a plan to build a 
broad-based government in Haiti that he 
hoped would pave the way for the return of 
the ousted president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide. 

“It was clearly impossible for. him to con- 
tinue." an U.S. official source said. “The new 
policy needed credibility and Pezzulio was 
under attack from Congress and Aristide." 

GUARD OF HONOR — Tbe body of former Presidertf Richard Nixon being borne 
to a plane for the flight to Yorba Linda, California, where he will be buried. Page 3. 



Page 8. 
Page 22. 

The Elusive Top Quark: Found at Last? 

By William J. Broad 

Hew York Times Senior 
The quest begun by philosophers in ancient 
Greece to understand the nature of matter may 
have ended at last in Batavia. Illinois, with the 
discovery of evidence for the top quark, the last 
of 12 subatomic building blocks now believed 
to constitute all of the material world. 

An international team of 439 scientists work- 
ing at the Fermi National Accelerator Labora- 
tory announced the finding Tuesday, bringing* 
nearly two decades of searching to a dramatic 

conclusion. _ , ,, 

Tbe Fermflab discovery, if confirmed, would 
be a milestone for modem physics because it 
would complete the experimental proof or the 
grand theoretical edifice known as the Standard 
Model, which defines the modern understand- 
ing of the atom and its structure. 

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The finding is likdy to produce waves of 
intellectual satisfaction fra physicists around 
the world and to give American physics a signif- 
icant boost. 

Tbe discovery in all likelihood will never 
make a difference to everyday life, but it is a 
high intellectual achievement because the Stan- 
dard Model which it appears to validate, is 
central to understanding the nature of time, 
matter and the universe. 

“The exciting thing is that this is the final 
piece of matter as we know iu as predicted by 
cosmology and the Standard Model of particle 
physics." said David N. Schramm, a theoretical 
physicist at the University of Chicago. “It’s the 
final piece of that puzzle." 

Dr. Hans A Beihe, a Nobd laureate in phys- 
ics at Cornell University, said the finding was 
“a very big deal" that “makes the whole picture 

of subnudear particles much more believable 
and better established." 

“We've needed the top quark," be said. “It 
figures in all our calculations for further pro- 
cesses, and none of them would be right it it 
weren’t there." 

U tbe lop quark could not be found, the 
Standard Model of theoretical physicists would 
collapse, touching off an intellectual crisis that 
would force scientists to rethink three decades 
of work in which governments around tbe globe 
had invested many biUjoas of dollars. 

All matter is made of atoms, but nearly a 
century ago physicists discovered that atoms, 
long considered to be the smallest units of 
mat ter, were themselves composed of smaller, 
subatomic particles like protons and neutrons. 

See QUARK, Page 4 

Black Goal: 
Not Wealth, 
But Dignity 

By Bill Keller 

Hew York Times Service 

MANDELA PARK. South Africa — 
The question that most worries the lame- 
duck whiles whose monopoly began seep- 
ing 'into history Tuesday, and privately 
worries the next government, too, is 
couched in cautionary phrases about “un- 
realistic expectations." 

But it amounts to this: What do South 
African blacks want? 

They are often accused of aspiring too 
high, of threatening to overwhelm the new 
government with a greedy tide of de- 
mands, of expecting to occupy suburban 
estates overnight and be served poolside 
cocktails by their framer oppressors. 

The answer from this field of squatter 
shacks, one of many such South African 
settlements named in honor of the next 
president, is: the expectations are as mod- 
est as a flush toilet, as elementary as hu- 
man dignity. 

“What big mansi on?" hooted Jack Mo- 
koape, an out-of-work bank teller, grin- 
ning at the dreams ascribed to him by 
fearful whites. “What big mansion, if you 
can’t pay for it? I'm living with peoplewho 
can think They know the election doesn't 
mean then you are going to have a man- 

A job would be nice, he mused. Or, 
waving at the communal water tap be 
shares with a few hundred others, an in- 
door faucet But even such modest mir- 
acles “will not happen overnight." 

“The matn thing, I just hope we will be 
equal" he concluded. 

The realism of Mandeb Park is reflect- 
ed, too, in opinion polls and interviews at 
other have-not settlements, and it suggests 
that the voting exercise this week is to 
some extent its own reward. 

“We have done more polling on this 
than on any other issue," said Lawrence 
Schlemmer, who has probed black expec- 
tations as bead of- a nonpartisan polling 
project fra tbe Institute of Multiparty De- 

“They expect to be treated with digni- 
ty," he said. “Their status as a human 
rating, as a South African, is uormego lia- 
ble. Quite frankly, I feel that this election 
is more about honor and status than it is 
about bouses and jobs.” 

There are, no doubt, have-nots poised to 
seize whatever opportunity presents as 
white power recedes. 

The fear of invasions, or even gunpoint 
redistribution of white wealth, has led Mr. 
Mandela to devote much of his time in the 
closing days of tbe campaign to reassnring 
whites and cautioning his own followers 
against awaiting dramatic improvements 
too soon. 

Although their dose experience of in- 
flated white wealth invites them to want 
more, the people of Mandda Park, at least, 
make sophisticated distinctions between 
equal lifestyles and equal opportunity. 

“Let them have ft," said Jane Modisa- 
keng, a 29-year-old houseless housewife 
here, speaking of what whites have accu- 
mulated during their centuries of advan- 
tage. "No one wiU tamper with iL But that 
should come to an end, where they have it 
so easy. Now we must all start off with an 
equal chance." 

That means, first and foremost, equal 
education, said Solly Shai. a high school 

See BLACKS, Page 4 

A $1 Billion Bet 
That Smoking 
Has a Future 

By Erik Jpsen 

International Harold Tribune 

LONDON — Britain's BAT Industries, 
brushing aside what it termed “some challeng- 
ing social attitudes” in the United States, said 
Tuesday that it would buy American Tobacco, 
the U.S. maker of Lucky Strike and Tareyton 
cigarettes. The price is Si billion in cash. 

“Sure, the U.&. tobacco industry is going 
through some difficult times, but the price of 
American Tobacco to a considerable extent 
reflects that," said Michael Prideaux, a BAT 

In recent months, fears over major increases 
in the federal tax on cigarettes have combined 
with the possibility of stringent new restrictions 
on smoking in public places to hit the stock 
prices of UJS. tobacco companies hard. Last 
month Dr. David Kessler, tbe commissioner of 
the Food and Drug Administration, went so far 
as to request that Congress consider regulating 
cigarettes as drugs. 

BAT Industries PLC a tobacco and financial 
services conglomerate once known as British 
American Tobacco, is buying the American 
Tobacco company from American Brands I nc , 
which will be left with such businesses as dis- 
tilled Spirits, office prod Was and life iniairairtn* 

As a result of the proposed acquisition some 
of America's best-known brands — Lucky 
Strike, Pan Man, Tareyton and Carlton —win 
pass to British ownership. In the case of the first 
two, what BAT will acquire is U.S. rights to the 
brands; ft has had tbe international rights for 
some years. BAT will also pick up the non- 
European rights to the Silk Cut brand. 

The purchase repress is “a cheap way to buy 

See DEAL, Page 10 


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s a 






Page 2 



Conceding to Foes 9 
Yeltsin Tries to Stall 
On U.S . War Games 

By Steven Erlangcr 

New York Times Service 
MOSCOW — President Boris N. 
Yeltsin, in another gesture to try to 
placate his political opposition, or- 
dered the Defense Ministry on 
Tuesday to reconsider the first joint 
military exercises with the United 
States, scheduled for July in Rus- 

U.S. officials have regularly 
pointed to the exercises as an im- 
portant symbol of growing Rus- 
sum-American trust and partner- 
ship after the breakup of the Soviet 
Union. After Mr. Yeltsin issued his 
order Tuesday, an American diplo- 
mat said only, “We are still con- 
tinuing to work with the Russians 
on p lannin g the exercise.” 

Ultranationalist and Co mmunis t 
deputies in the lower house of par- 
liament, the State Duma, have ex- 
pressed regular doubts over the 
“expediency”' of holding the exer- 
cises. These are supposed to con- 
centrate on peacekeeping opera- 
tions and be held at a military 
t rainin g area in Totskoye, near 
Orenburg, in the southern Urals 
near the border with Kazakhstan. 

Last week, four Duma commit- 
tees — for foreign affairs, defense, 
security and ecology —appealed to 
Mr. Yeltsin and the Defense Minis- 
try to think again about the exer- 
cises, especially given the potential 
“ecological damage” of the exer- 
cises and “the inadmissibility of 
allowing American aggressors on 
to ‘sacred Russian sou/” 

Mr. Yeltsin has been Hying to 
persuade Duma deputies, especial- 
ly Communists and nationalists, to 

Italy Is Set 
To Name 
New Leader 

The Associated Press 

ROME — Italy's president 
opened what were said to be final 
talks Tuesday on the nomination of 
a new prime minister, who it ap- 
peared would be the busines sma n 
and media owner Silvio Berlusconi. 

Mr. Berlusconi's Forza Italia led 
a three-party conservative coalition 
that dominated the Italian parlia- 
mentary elections held nearly a 
month ago, and he appeared to 
have won the right to become 
prime minis ter last week after be- 
ing endorsed by other leaders of 
that coalition. 

President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 
began consultations with party 
leaders and top politicians last 
week. The talks were scheduled to 
conclude Tuesday night after meet- 
ings with two former presidents, 
clearing the way for an announce- 
ment on a new prime minister. 

The country's new leader would 
then have to form a cabinet. If it is 
Mr. Berlusconi, there would be 
questions to settle regarding his 
business holdings, which include 
three national television networks 
and Italy’s largest-selling news- 
magazine and largest retail drain. 

llis main ally, Umberto Boss of 
the Northern League, has endorsed 
Mr. Berlusconi's proposals to place 
the businesses under the control of 
a blind trust or an independent 
agency or official. Lawyers are 
studying the plans; 

But objections from other quar- 
ters have remained strong. 

The centrist leader Mario Segni 
has described Mr. Berlusconi’s po- 
litical and business interests as “ab- 
solutely incompatible." 

The popularity of Mr. Berlus- 
coni’s television stations “would 
create an unacceptable situation of 
a premier with the extraordinary 
power of influence and control of 
public opinion,” Mr. Segni said af- 
ter meeting with Mr. Scalfaro. 

As for the possible distribution 
of cabinet seats, the Northern 
League is unhappy with Mr. Ber- 
lusconi's proposal that he act as 
interim interior minister, a post 
that controls a nationwide police 
force and some internal intelli- 
gence operations. 


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sign a draft “Memorandum on Civ- 
ic Accord" as early as Thursday. 
The draft accord would require sig- 
natories not to seek major constitu- 
tional changes that “could destabi- 
lize society* or early elections for 
either president or parliament 

Mr. Yeltsin intends the docu- 
ment and its signing to be a major 
event but the Communists have 
criticized it and many liberal mem- 
bers have called it pointless. Still 
Mr. Yeltsin has been making ges- 
tures to opposition factions to win 
their approval, including granting 
them more tdevison time ana 
abolishing a so-called blacklist of 
opposition deputies from the previ- 
ous parliament, who were not 
granted “severance pay” or allowed 
to keep tbdr Moscow apartments. 

Mr. Yeltsin's order to the De- 
fense Ministry on Tuesday, despite 
Russia's often-stated interest in 
multilateral peacekeeping efforts in 
the strife-ravaged countries of the 
former Soviet Union, seems anoth- 
er such concession, as was the deci- 
sion last week’s to postpone Rus- 
sia’s signing of an agreement to join 
the North Atlantic Treaty Orgmi- 
za lion's Partnership for Peace. 

While Russia is likely to join 
Partnership for Peace and these ex- 
ercises may go ahead as scheduled, 
both indicate Mr. Yeltsin’s inabil- 
ity to enlist full public support for 
closer militaiy relations with the 
West and the United States. 

■ Perry Implores Grachev 

The U.S. defense secretary, Wil- 
liam J. Perry, urged Defense Minis- 
ter Pavd Grachev of Russia by tele- 
phone Tuesday to press his 
government not to cancel the ma- 
neuvers, Reuters reported from 

“The call was not scheduled to 
talk about that, but Dr. Perry urged 
Minister Grachev to push within 

Court Finds 
Denial of 
Is Illegal 

5STE5SJ ! !■? p‘™ T0 WITH LOVE — A photograph of the last Sonet leader 

spokeswoman said. B the ait extibitioii in Moscow display ing Oleg Kidik’s works. The exhOrition is called “I Love Gorby.” 

UN Envoy in Bosnia: Caretaker of Carrot and Stick 

By Roger Cohen 

New York Times Service 

ZAGREB, Croatia — He is an unlikely figure to find at 
the fulcrum of the Bosnian war: a trim, bespectacled 
Japanese diplomat, taking flak from all sides, bin always 
ready with a quote from Confucius. 

Yet thereYasushi Akashi is, living in the faded splendor 
of Zagreb's Esplanade Hotel working in a pine-paneled 
suite at the makeshift United Nations headquarters, call- 
ing his wife hack in Scarsdale. New York, when he can. 
fending off North Atlantic Treaty Organization calls for 
bombing one day, Serbian threats the next. Bosnian gov- 
ernment complaints the day after. 

His critics accuse him of coddling the Serbs, the princi- 
' aggressors in the war. But Mr. Akashi is not soft when 
needs to make a point. 

“After Somalia,” he said in an interview, “the U.S. 
postion is somewhat reticent, somewhat afraid, timid and 
tentative. I understand that President Clinton only wants 
to send U.S. trooops to Bosnia after a peace settlement, 
but we need more troops now, inducting U.S. troops, to 
police & peace that is coming bit by bit. and to avoid 
situations like Gorazde 

they must be effective and well-mixed with carrots. I have 
to ask myself where exactly air strikes in Bosnia would 
lead and whether, after than, the UN peacekeeping mis- 
sion here could continue;” 

Such questions — unanswered, he feels, by the Clinton 
administration — led Mr. Akashi to dash on Saturday 
with the NATO secretary-general Manfred WOrner, who 
wanted to call in air strikes after the Serbs initially failed 
to heed NATO's ultimatum and continued their three- 
week-old pounding of Gorazde. The United Stales sup- 
ported Mr. WOraer. 

Mr. Akashi refused. He had just spent 12 hours staring 
into the ice-blue eyes of the Bosnian Serbs’ military 
commander. General Ratko Mladic, painstakingly ham- 
mering out a cease-fire arrangement for Gorazde and 

there is considerable frustration over what is seen as the 
indedsiveness of the United Nations. But Mr. Akashi 
dings to a neutrality he regards as essential to peacemak- 

“Did the Serbs embark on the Gorazde assault or was it 
in response to Muslim provocations?” he asked. “Was the 
‘safe area’ being abused, induding for military purposes, 
by the Muslim side? I do not know. I do know that the 
Bosnian Muslims want peace with justice. They feel they 
are victims and I can understand them. The problem is 

that the right mixture of peace and justice is hard to find." 

listening to lurid accounts of what the Serbs might have in 


store for the 16,000 UN percound in Bosnia in i 
NATO attacks. 

His decision reflected prudence, a fundamental trait. 

colleagues say, in this 63-year-old diplomat, who came to 

Cambodia to its first 

But certainly the United Nations secretary-general’s 
special representative to the former Y ugoslavia prefers the 
persuason of words to that of weapons. Bombs brought 
his own country to submission in 1945, but he dearly has a 
deep suspicion of force as a weapon in peacemaking, 
“I am not denying the need for sticks.” he said, “but 

Bosnia after successfully steering 
free elections last year after two decades of war. 

His prudence was displayed in Cambodia, too, when the 
Khmer Rouge began an offensive aimed at sabotaging the 
May 23, 1993, elections. Mr. Akashi resisted calls for the 
United Nations to hit back militarily, prompting a French 
general and a senior official to quit in protest 

In Bosnia, the political pressure to punish the Serbs has, 
been overwhelming at times, most recently from NATO! 
over Gorazde. At the alliance's headquarters in Brussels. 

Harder, even, than in Cambodia. When Mr. Akashi 
went there as the world body’s special representative in 
March 1992, a peace agreement had already been signed 
by the parties. Moreover the major powers were in agree- 
ment over policy, something that has largely eluded them 
in Bosnia. All this makes Mr. Akashi’s position as the chief 
of a peace mission with one finger on the militaiy button 
particularly delicate. 

“It's very tough to reconcile the UN’s traditional role as 

a peacekeeper with the use of force, in this case air power 
from NATO” be i ‘ 

’ be said. “But the successful pushing back of 
Serbian guns at Sarajevo in February showed how NATO 
and the UN can work together.” 

The relationship, however, is dearly awkward. “Mr. 
Akashi knows that he would have extreme difficulty in 
controlling things if NATO actually used major air 
strikes,” said an official dose to him. “He knows the UN 

protection force’s mission would probably become impos- 

U.S. and Russia Agree on Balkan Tactics 

By John M. Goshko 

Washington Post Service 

GENEVA — A group set up to 
coordinate international peace ef- 
forts in Bosnia- Herzegovina will go 
to Sarajevo on Thursday to begin 
the task of trying to bring the war- 
ring factions into renewed negotia- 
tions, Secretary of State Warren M. 
Christopher and the Russ an for- 
eign minister, Andrei V. Kozyrev, 
said Tuesday. 

Following a meeting in Geneva, 
the two said there was agreement 
between Washington and Moscow 
that the conflict between Bosnia’s 
feuding ethnic groups must be end- 
ed by a political solution that 
would require the Bosnian Serbs to 
surrender some of the territory 
their forces have captured from 
Bosnia’s Muslims and Croats. 

After discussions on Monday in 
London, the United States, Russia, 
the United Nations and the 12- 
nation European Union agreed to 
establish a contact group of work- 
ing-level officials to bring greater 
unity to the attempts by various 
governments to influence the Bal- 
kans situation. 

Mr. Christopher and Mr. Ko- 
zyrev said the contact group’s ef- 
forts would begin Thursday if the 
Bosnian Serbs comply with the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion’s ultimatum to cease their at- 
tacks on the Muslim enclave of 
Gorazde and pull their heavy 
weapons back by 1 A.M. GMT 

Mr. Christopher said reports 
from the region indicated that the 
Serbs were complying. 

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If so, U.S. officials said, the con- 
tact group, comprising representa- 
tives from the United States, Rus- 
sia, Britain. France and Germany, 
will go to Sarajevo on Thursday. 
On Friday, they will try to visit the 
Bosnian Serbian stronghold of 
Pale. near Gorazde. 

The officials said that the US. 
representative would be Charles E. 
Redman, the special US. envoy for 
the Balkans crisis, and that Russia 
would be represented by Alexri Ni- 
foforov. bead of the Balkan affairs 
department of the Foreign Minis- 

On Monday, (he Russian gov- 
ernment issued proposals to end 
the Bosnian crisis. They include 
tighter enforcement of “safe areas” 
designated by the United Nations, 
a cease-fire between Serbs and 
Muslims to allow negotiations, a 
territorial agreement between the 
three peoples of Bosnia and a relax- 
ing of UN sanctions against Serbia. 

Mr. Kozyrev said that after talk- 
ing with Mr. Christopher, be be- 
lieved that “we have a common 


“We all agree,’’ be said, “that the 
task of the contact group is to bring 

the parties back to the table in 
genuine negotiations, first to 
achieve a cessation of hostilities 
and then to get serious discus- 

He said that the contact group's 
work, if successful would be a logi- 
cal step leading toward an interna- 
tional conference to work out the 
details of a settlement. 

Mr. Christopher agreed that if 
the fighting halted and there was 
progress toward a negotiated settle- 
ment, the lifting of sanctions 
against Serbia would be in order. In 
addition, be said, if there was 
peace, the United Slates and ibe 
countries of Western Europe would 
be willing to help in the reconstruc- 
tion of Bosnia and other war-torn 
parts of the forma Yugoslavia. 

Kazakhstan Signs 
Pact With China 


ALMA-ATA. Kazakhstan — 
China and Kazakhstan signed what 
they called a “historic” border ac- 
cord on Tuesday, and the former 
Soviet republic scrapped all cross- 
border transport restrictions on 
links to China, its second biggest 
trading partner. 

Prime Minister Li Peng, the first 
senior Chinese leader to visit Cen- 
tral Asia and Kazakhstan, said be 
was confident that China’s 1,700- 
kiiometer (1,000-mile) northwest 
frontier with Kazakhstan would 
become a “border of peace.” 

Cydone Kitb 4 in Tanzania 


DAR ES SALAAM. Tanzania 
— A cyclone and floods killed four 
people and made about 2.500 
homeless in the capital area, local 
officials said Tuesday- 

Cross-border contacts between 
China and the then Soviet Union 
resumed in j 989 after a 30-year-old 
rift in relations. The border issue 
was one of the most sensitive in the 
quarrel between the two Commu- 
nist giants. Foreign diplomats said 
the disputed part of the border was 
relatively short about 70 kilome- 
ters. But negotiations had touched 
on a range of sensitive issues, in- 
cluding China's nuclear testing 
near Kazakh territory. 



KARLSRUHE. Germany — 
Germany’s constitutional court has 
ruled that groups propagating the 
so-called Auschwitz lie, which de- 
nies that the Holocaust took place, 
do not enjoy freedom of speech. 

The Federal Constitutional 
Court said in a ruling made public 
on Tuesday that to deny that Jews 
died in Nazi death camps was to 
deny a fact, and that the severity of 

the insult to the Jewish community 
meant the right to freedom of 
speech did not apply. 

The ruling contrasts with a deci- 
sion last month by Germany’s 
highest appeals court, the Federal 
Court Of Justice, which said that 
denying that the Holocaust hap- 
pened did not by itself constitute 
inciting race hatred. 

The appeals court said in a high- 
ly controversial ruling that regional 
courts would have to consider 
whether defendants had insulted 
the dignity of Jews by propagating 
the Auschwitz lie. 

In a defense of the decision last 
week, die court sad it had not 

S far rightists the go-ahead to 
tie minder of six million Jews 

The constitutional court issued 
its ruling over a ban on a congress 
of the extreme-right National 
Democratic Party, at which the 
British historian David Irving was 
to discuss the Holocaust 
He has drawn sharp criticism 
from mainstream historians and 
Jewish groups for his claims that 
the Holocaust has been exaggerat- 
ed and took place without Hitler’s 

■ Neo-Nazi Celebration 
Neo-Naas celebrated on Tues- 
day the 100th birthday of the Hitler 
deputy Rudolf Hess by stringing 
banners across about 20 superhigh- 
way bridges in Berlin and East Ger- 
many. The Associated Press report- 
ed Tuesday from Berlin. 

Rabin Rebuffs Russia on Conference 


Sftet talk with Palestinians mustcontmueona 

0D ^ & lb** is any need for a Madrid T** Mr. Rabin said 

East peace process was formally opened at an 
•«t™£^eonfcrace in jSdridraSeptember 1991. Russia first 
mteroational organizing another international meeting, 

£■£ 2£5*Xe United States and 

believe ie agreement and the negotiations should be bilateral” Ml 
R abin said Tuesday. 

Cease-Fire Holds in Rwanda Capital 

rOBI (AF) — A shaky cease-fire marred by brief, heavy mortar 
Ss was holding in Kigali the Rwandan capita on Tuesday; but 


exchanges was uv«**“b “* * — ; ■ . 

mflidns continued their Wm S spr« m to = coun^.. 

A United Nations spokesman in Kigali, Abdul Kabia, mortar 
of four and five a minute outside the oty Tuesday 

rounds fell at the rate — — — — — , 

Stonoon. It was not dear if the sheUmg ; came from the Hutu-run 
government army or the mostly Tula rebel Rwandan Paurotic Front 
insi de Kigali, he said, mortar rounds exploded near UN headquarters 
and at the national stadium where thousands of people remain mute UN 
protection. He said that ethnic slaughter continued in government- 
controlled areas, particularly near Butare in southern Rwanda. 

No Timetable Yet for Iraqi Oil Sales 

BAGHDAD (Reuters) — The Umted Nations needs more tune to 
cany out monitoring of Iraq’s weapons programs before it MU hft its 
trade embargo, a UN envoy said Tuesday at the end of a mat to Baghdad. 
Rolf Ekens. chairman of the UN Special Commission on Iraq, (hd not 

mic cuitMugwt a v/i » — — — j — — , t _ 

Rolf Ekens, chairman of the UN Special Commission on Iraq, 

give Baghdad a timetable for when tbc country could resume oil exports, 
as Baghdad had been hoping. “We are doze to ending the chapter, but it 
is not completely dosed/* he said at a news conference. The commission 
is momtonng Baghdad’s conroliance with the terms of the cease-fire 
agreement that ended the Gulf War. 

“It is up to the Security Council to take any stats like easing sanctions 
or lifting die embargo on Iraq,” Mr. JEkeus said. UN officials have said 
the destruction of weapons prohibited by the cease-fire terms is almost 
complete, but they are seeking further documentation on the manufac- 
ture and disposal of chemical weapons. 

Malaysia’s King Begins 5-Year. Reign 

KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) — Tonka Ja’afar ibm Abdul Rahman 
was sworn in Tuesday as Malaysia’s king for the next five years under the 
country's rotating monarchy. , . • - . 

The keeper of the tiller's seal adminis tered the oath of office to Tunku 
Ja’afar inthe throne room of the state palace before his fellow sultans and 
the cabinet of Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad. Mr. Mahathir 
then presented him with a proclamation declaring him king. 

Malaysia’s mac hereditary saltans serve rotating five-year terms as the 
country’s supreme sovereign, a system established when the country 
gained independence from Britain in 1957. Tunku Ja’afar, 71, a former 
diplomat, is tiie 10th sovereign of Malaysia. His father, Abdul Rahman 
Mohamad, was the first but died a short time after ascending the throne 
He succeeds Azlan Shah, an internationally prominent jurist. 

Taiwan Ends Threat of China Boycott 

TAIPEI (Reuters) — Taiwan will gradually resume economic links 
with China now that Beijing has solved the case of the killing of 24 
tourists from Taiwan, Economics Minister Chiang Pin-kung said Tues- 

aiwan had said that a boycott of group tours to China, worth at least 
5590 millio n a year, would go into effect May 1 unless the Chinese 
authorities provided more details on the killing of the tourists in Zhejiang 
Province on March 31. Beijing did so Friday, reporting that three men 
had been dwg yd with murder, robbery and arson in the incident, in 
which eight Chinese from the mainland also were lolled. . 

“Communist China has announced solving the Qiandao Lake inci- 
dent,” the press agency CNA quoted Mr. Chiang as saying. “The whole 
inc ident become dear. Hence, economic and trade activities between 
the two sides can gradually return to normal." 

Mach Cash Found in Aeroflot Wreck 

MOSCOW (AP)— The 75 
crash of an Aeroflot jet in 

and crew members ItiBedin the 
month were' carrying $652,000 

worth of U-S. and Russian currency, an average of nearly 58.700 each, the 
state-owned ITAR-Tass news agency reported Tuesday. 

The agency said the money, found at the remote cra^i site in the Altai 
Main tains near the Mongojmn border, was turned over to the govern- 
ment c o mmis sion investigating the disaster. 

Observers said the huge sum defined Russia’s problem with capital 
flight — the transfer of money abroad by the new rich while Russia 
desperately needs investment to speed its transition to a market economy. 

U.S- Trying Again With North Korea 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The United States hopes to re-establish 
informal contacts with Norm Korea later tins week in a new attempt to 
bring Pyongyang’s secret nuclear program under international inspec- 
tion, according to Assistant Secretary of State Robert J. Gallucci. 

Mr. Gaflucd, who heads the US. senior policy steering group on 
Korea, said the United Stares would snbmit proposals similar to a 
previous package that offered a variety of inducements to North Korea in 
exchange for proper inspections of its midear sites. 

Mr. Gallucci said that unddb-ranking UJS. officials would seek to 
conduct talks with North Korean officials at UN headquarters in New 


France Plans High-Tech D-Day Show 

PARIS (AFP) — France is planning a huge pageant on the ev enin g of 
the 50th anmversaiy of D-day on June 6, with a high-technology. 16- 
meter-high pyramid as the stage. Culture Minister Jacques Toubon said 

TbeEmupeaa Union b expected to tefl France on Wednesday to allow 
the French airline TAT to fly from Paris’s Orly airport to London, 
Marseille, and Toulouse after weeks of rival lobbying by Air France and 
British Airways, TATs parent company. Officials of the EU’s executive 
commission said there were no longer doubts that France was violating 
rules aimed at opening up air transport io competition. (Reuters) 

PhD Sppine Airfoes is considering abandoning nearly all its flights to 
Europe after deciding to stop flying to Rome at the end of this month, in a 
move to cut Josses, an airline official said. (Reuters) 

To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the WorldPhone number of the country you're calling from. 


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Some 2,000 people will take part in the show, which is clearly designed 
to rival the modernistic pageants that marked the 1989 French bicenten- 
nial and the 1 992 Winter Olympics in Albertville. The show will be held in 
the Normandy city of Caen, one of the main dues liberated by the Allies 
in the D-day offensive. £ 

Mr. Toubon said the event, scheduled to dose official commemoration 
ceremonies, was designed to be “a message of peace and hope which, on 
the slopes of an enormous pyramid, will turn the page" on World War IL 
Jean-Pascal Levy-Trumet. 36. the show’s director, said the pyramid 
would present a series of scenes, some on the structure itself, others seen 
through the walls of the pyramid as it changes in appearance accompa- 
nied by music and other sound effects, such as radio transmissions from 
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t0 S I l acc ^ s 10 the school market. Trade shows and journals 
sponsored by school food-service workers are fufl of such appeals: 
Bang Taco Bell products to vour school!" “Pizza Hut makes 
school lunch fun.*’ (NYT) 

California State Health Plan Roars Ahead 

WASHINGTON — Consumer groups and labor unions in Cali- 
fornia have collected more than a million signatures on petitions for 
a November referendum to establish a statewide tax-financed health 
system that would bypass insurance companies. 

As congressional leaders working on health reform legislation 
have been moving toward the political right in search of moderate 
Democratic and Republican votes, 1,078,000 Californians have 
sipied petitions to tum the debate in the opposite direction. 

California voters will be asked to approve a health system similar 
to that in Canada that would entitle all legal residents to a broad 
range of benefits, including mental health coverage, long-term care 
and prescription drug coverage. The slate would set doctors’ fees 
and hospital payments, and the system would l* financed by 
income, payroll and cigarette taxes. 

Doctors' practices, hospitals, clinics and the like would remain in 
private hands, and people could go to the physician of their choice. 
Health providers would submit their bills to a state agency for 
payment. ( wp) 

Clinton Bars Taxes far Welfare Reform 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton has ruled out any new 
taxes to pay for welfare reform and has decided to support a leaner 
$9.5 billion package focused on training, education and public 
service jobs, senior administration officials said. 

Mr. Clinton decided against a federal gambling tax that would 
have raised an estimated S3 billion over five years, the officials said. 
The money would have been used to provide child care for poor 
workers and additional small projects and experiments to refine the 
reform process. 

“The president has decided against basically all new taxes for 
welfare reform,*’ a senior official said. Instead,- Mr. Clinton will 
attempt to fund the welfare initiative through a “well-balanced 
financing package" composed of cuts from other federal programs, 
including subsidies for “wealthy farmere." ( WP) 

Fight to Keep Nixon Archives Shut Goes On, but How Long? 

By Tim Weiner 

New York Timet Sernce 

WASHINGTON — Even after his death. Richard 
Nixon’s 20-year-old fight to control more than 3.000 
hours of white House tapes and 150,000 pages of 

E residential papers trill continue, according to his 

But legal experts said Mr. Nixon's death may speed 
the release of the records, which ore locked up at the 
National Archives and have never been made avail- 
able to scholars or journalists. 

The tapes and papers were crucial to Mr. Nixon's 
struggle to re-establish his reputation. Stoning two 
months after he resigned as president in 1974. he filed 
lawsuits to stop the release of the records. The Iasi suit 
was filed less than two weeks ago. 

But unless his family fights as hard and as well as he 
did, historians may soon be mining rich new veins or 
Mr. Nixon's hidden history. 

“We can safely assume that Richard Nixon's tenac- 
ity in fighting this for 20 years does not mean that 
these materials will exonerate him," said Stanley 

Body Flown for Burial 
At California Birthplace 

Kutler, a University of Wisconsin historian who has 
sued to release the records. “They will solidify and 
enhance bis complicity in the Watergate affair and in 
record of wi 

the wnoje record or what bis attorney general. John 
Mitchell, was fond of calling 'the White House 

Only 63 hours of the tapes, provided to the federal 
grand jury in the Watergate affair, have been made 
public. Their famous passages include Mr. Nixon's 
advice that his aides “stonewall" federal investigators, 
and hts response to demands for hush money from the 
men arrested in the June 1972 break-in at Democratic 
Party headquarters in the Watergate office building: 
“You could get a million dollars. And you could get it 
in cash. I know where it could be gotten." 

Patti Goldman, a lawyer representing Mr. Kutler. 
said “the struggle is over who win control the tapes, 
who will control what the public will see and hear.” 
She added: “Nixon really didn't want the tapes out. 1 
don't know if his goal was to delay their release until 
be died or longer. It may be that he accomplished what 
he wanted." 

Mr. Nixon's lawyer. R. Stan Mortenson. said the 
battle would not end with Mr. Nixon's death last 

“The suits will continue." he said. He said Mr. 
Nixon had a right to privacy even after death, al- 
though he could'not cite a kg?i baas Tor that concept. 
Other legal experts said the claim of privacy would 

“Nixon’s death weakens the privacy claim substan- 
tially," said Burt Neubome. a law professor at New 
York University. Laurence H. Tribe, a law professor 
at Harvard University, has said (hat while there has 
been no definitive ruling by the Supreme Court on 
privacy after death, other courts have held that the 
claim for privaev does not continue from beyond the 

Mr. Nixon incurred “a substantial cost" in fighting 
the release of the records. Mr. Mortenson said, but he 
would not be more specific. 

A 27.000-page index of the tapes prepared by the 
National Archives shows the) - bold at least 200 more 
hours of conversations about the Watergate affair and 

hundreds of discussions of foreign policy, the founda- 
tion on which Mr. Nixon's reputation as a statesman 

Topics covered in the 150.000 pages of papers 
include former Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger's 
discovery lhat the Joint Chiefs of Staff had sent an 
officer to spy on him: Mr. Nixon's 1972 presidential 
campaign, which many believe was shot through with 
dirty tricks and illegal contributions: the president's 
comments on members of the Supreme Court and a 
wealth of foreign-policv mailers. Mr. Kutler said 

“If foreign policy is now to be the bedrock for the 
reinvemion of Richard Nixon, then historians have a 
long, arduous task ahead." said Mr. Kutler. the Fox 
Professor of American Institutions at ibe University 
of Wisconsin and the author of “The Wars of Waters 

“Our history is largely what Nixon and Kissinger 
have chosen to give us." he said. “Historians have Lo 
o far beyond the first draft of history. They live by 
documents. It's time to sav: ‘The envelope, please.’ " 

Singing at a manorial service for the victims of a helicopter 
disaster in northern Iraq are, from left. General John M. 
Shafikashvili, Defense Secretary Wiffiam X. Peny and Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton. The service was at Fort Myers, Virginia. 

Quote/Unquote : 

Defense Secretary William J. Perry, at a memorial service for 15 
Americans killed accidentally by gunfire from U.S. warplanes m 
Iraq earlier this month: “This was a very comp ex operation, and no 
system wfl] ever be 100 percent perfect. We will have a fidl account- 
ability on what happened, and 1 also pledge to you that we will 
ensure that it cannot happen again, fnnj 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

YORBA LINDA, California — 
Former President Richard Nixon 
made his final trip home Tuesday, 
flown from an air base in New 
York to Southern California, where 
he will be buried after a state funer- 
al Wednesday. 

With Mr. Nixon's daughters on 
board along with their families, the 
plane arrived at El Toro Marine 
Corps Air Station after a six-hour 
flight from Stewart Air National 
Guard Base in Newburgh, New 

The Boeing 707 carrying Mr. 
Nixon west into service at the start 
of his second term in 1973, and he 
had named the presidential plane 
“The Spirit of 76.” It is the same 
plane lhat Mr. Nixon took to Cali- 
fornia from Washington after he 
resigned in i974 because of the 
Watergate scandal. 

The flag-draped casket was re- 
moved from the jet by military pall- 
bearers as a band played “Hail to 
the Chief and howitzers fired a 
salute. Occasional sunshine 
splashed on the casket as it was 
placed in a hearse. 

Mr. Nixon's daughters, their 
husbands and Mr. Nixon's four 
grandchildren watched solemnly 
and then followed the hearse in a 
limousine on the 20-mfle (32-kilo- 
meter) trip to the Richard Nixon 
library and Birthplace in Yorba 
Linda, where crowds waited 
through the morning. 

There were no formal eulogies at 
the ample 15-minute departure 
ceremony at Newburgh. At 9:40 
A.M., .a hearse carrying Mr. Nix- 
on’s, body from a funeral parlor in 
Wyckoff, New Jersey, near his 
home, pulled up at the tarmac, fol- 
lowed by a limousine carrying Mr. 
Nixon's daughter Tricia Cox, and 
her husband, Edward Cox and 
their son Christopher. Mr. Nixon’s 
other daughter, Julie Eisenhower, 
her husband, David, and their chil- 
dren, Jennie, Alex and Melanie bad 
arrived a few minutes before from 
the Philadelphia area aboard one of 
the smaller presidential planes. 

The Nixon daughters and their 
families huddled in prayer with 
Chaplain William L. Perry of the 
navy and Major General Fred A. 
Golden, the official escort. When 
they finished, they formed a 
straight line and stood at military 
attention as the U.S. Military 
Academy Band struck up. Cannon 
in the distance thumped out a slow- 
ly paced 21-gun sa/ute, the smoke 
billowing up into the gray mist lhat 
blanketed the tarmac. 

Mr. Nixon, who died of a stroke 
Friday, will be buried next to his 
wife, Pat, who died last year. The 
gravesite is on the grounds of the 
library only a short distance from 
the white-painted wooden house 
where he was born 81 years ago. 

Mourners will file past Mr. Nix- 
on's body as it lies in state in a 
dosed casket in the library until 
Wednesday afternoon, when Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton will be among 
thousands of mourners at Mr. Nix- 
on’s funeraL 

Most U.S. government offices 
and many major financial markets 
— including the New York and 
American stock exchanges — will 
be closed Wednesday. 

Library officials said that up to 
15,000 people had already visited 

the Nixon Library since the former 
president died, bringing flowers, 
handwritten notes, candles and 
flags and lining up to write person- 
al messages in a condolence book. 

All four living former U.S. presi- 
dents — Gerald Ford, Jimmy Car- 
ter, Ronald Reagan and George 
Bush — will attend the funeraL the 
first for a former president since 
Lyndon B. Johnson died in 1973. 

They will be joined by foreign 
dignitaries from 55 countries, in- 
cluding Deputy Prime Minister Al- 
exander N. Shokhin of Russia, 
Deputy Premier Zou Jiahua of Chi- 
na, former Prime Minister Edward 
Heath of Britain, former Prime 
Minister Morihiro Hosokawa of 
Japan and former President Chaim 
Herzog of Israel 

(Reuters, AP. NYT) 

Quayle Readies for Fray, and Ridicule 

By Richard L. Berke 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — Dan Quayle has spent 
a lot of rime in the past IS months thinking 
about the Republican loss of the White 
House and about how be became the most 
ridiculed politician in modem American his- 

But what was weighing most heavily on his 
mind the other morning was eggs Benedict. 
The former vice president grew’ impatient as 
waitresses at the Congressional Country 
Club, one or his favorite golfing spots, ig- 
nored him for more than half on hour as be 
tried to order. 

“We’ll be here all morning," he com- 
plained. “They’re just the slowest. I don’t 
know about you, but I'm hungry." 

Finally, his breakfast arrived.' And Mr. 
Quayle, in his first long interview since leav- 
ing the White House, talked for nearly two 
hours about flaws of the Bush White House 
and, more pointedly, of the Clinton White 

At limes he sounded like a presidential 
candidate as he attacked Bill and Hillary 
Clinton as arrogantly pushing a “very radical 
agenda." and made his case for how the 
Republicans could win the White House in 

If be decides to run. he said, he is confident 
he can beat Bob Dole, the Senate minority 
leader, Jack F. Kemp, the former bousing 
secretary, or anyone else who might seek the 

Government chefs, limousines and air- 
planes are no longer at Mr. Quayle's beck and 
call The entourage is gone. But he is coming 
back. In the coming weeks, the former vice 
president plans to make the rounds on the 
“Larry King Live" television show on CNN 
and other programs and to travel to three 
dozen cities to promote “Standing Firm." his 
soon-to-be-released score-settling memoir, 
and lo gauge the nation’s interest in his politi- 
cal future. 

Mr. Quayle is trying to figure out why he 
was so reviled He said be interviewed several 

reporters, including Dan Rather, the CBS 
News anchor, and most told him that his 
image was inal'erably set in the few days after 
he made his national debut at the Republican 
National Convention in August 1988. 

That was when he panicked and stumbled 
through questions about whether influential 
friends helped him avoid active duty in the 
military during the Vietnam War. 

As much as he said he wants to be presi- 
dent, Mr. Quayle knows Lhat he has a long 
way to go to erase his image as a lightweight 
who would take his golf clubs on foreign trips 
and who once mangled the slogan of the 
tinned Negro College Fund, declaring. 
“What a waste it is to lose one's mind" 
He was particularly deflated one night last 
week after a reporter told him lhat students 
who heard him speak at Old Dominion Uni- 
versity in Norfolk, Virginia, were surprised 
that he sounded intelligent 
“There's millions of people that have this 
caricature." he said glumly. “And it does 
bother me." 

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CIA Might Have to Cede Spy-Catcher Role to FBI 

By R. Jeffrey Smith 
and Pierre Thomas 

Washington Past Service 

House, mediating a bitter dispute 
between the FBr and the QA over 
counterintelligence, is considering 
a plan that would shift control of 
key spy-catching and policy-setting 
responsibilities from the CIA to 
senior FBI officials, administration 
officials said 

A draft proposal worked out by 
the National Security Council staff 
would institute a series of reforms 
intended to speed the early and 
efficient detection of foreign spies 
who have penetrated the U.S. gov- 
ernment. officials said The propos- 
al was described by officials as 
"broadly agreed” upon by repre- 
sentatives of the CIA, the FBI and 
the Justice Department last week. 

The plan :is intended to soothe 
FBI ana congressional anger over 
what senior U.S. officials have de- 
scribed as the CIA's failure for sev- 
eral years to share vital information 
with the FBI about a suspected spy, 
Aldrich Hazen Ames, and other 
potential spy cases. 

It “would significantly alter the 
way policy will be developed, the 
way priorities would be decided 
and establish a new structure for 
integrating" FBI and CIA opera- 
tions to ensure that information 
flows smoothly between them, a 
White House official said 
The US. agencies involved in 
counterintelligence have been 
asked to submit their final com- 
ments on the plan this week. It will 
then be presented to President Bill 
Clinton and his national security 
adviser, W. Anthony Lake, for re- 
view. Several officials said certain 
details were still being worked out 
The proposal would establish a 
national center headed by an FBI 
official to set overall policies on 
counterintelligence operations, in- 
cluding the use of polygraphs, the 
collection of information overseas 
and the training of spy -catching 
experts, the officials said 
No such center now exists, re- 
sulting in widely varying counterin- 
telligence procedures at different 
federal agencies. An advisory 
group concluded in a report to the 

CIA and the Defense Department 
that the absence of uniform poli- 
cies was wasteful and inhibited 
spy-catching operations. 

The proposal would also require 
lhat the new policy-setting center 
report through an advisory group 
of senior government officials to 
the Natrona] Security Council staff 
at the White House, rather than to 
the CIA director. 

In addition, the plan would put a 
senior official in charge of investi- 
gating individual spy cases within 
the CIA’s existing counterintelli- 

gence center. That would ensure 
early FBI access to raw data, a 
primary FBI concent. 

The director of central intelli- 
gence, R. James Woolsey Jr„ said 
in an interview Monday that he 
supported the plan to appoint “one 
or more” FBI agents to senior su- 
pervisory positions at the CIA’s 

In giving such support, officials 
said, Mr. Woolsey is trying to head 
off Senate legislation that he saw as 
forcing the CIA to cede virtually all 
responsibility for counterintelli- 

enforceraeni matters to the 

During its monthlong policy re- 
view, the National Security Coun- 
cil staff bad to sort through sharply 
conflicting tales by the FBI and the 
CIA over the handling of past spy 
cases. One White House official 
said the two agencies “are acting 
like two teenagers and raising inci- 
dents that go way back into past 

For example, in the case of Mr. 
Ames, who worked on counterin- 
telligence matters for the CIA, the 

FBI charged that the CIA improp- 
erly withheld information about 
Mr. Ames's difficulties with a 1991 
polygraph, despite an agreement 
that year that the agencies would 
work together in tracking down any 
suspected mole inside the CIA. 

To subs crib e in Fran ce 

just cal, toll Free, 
05437 437 

Ames Reported Ready to Admit to Role for KGB 

■ « . _■ _ , , . . . , , u. j.,. TV>#» itffirialc uiit the nim de 


WASHINGTON — Aldrich Ha- 
zen Ames, an accused CIA spy, and 
his wife, Rosario, have agreed to a 
deal in which they would admit 
ibeir guilt and he would get life in 
prison, Justice Department offi- 
cials and defense lawyers said 

Under the plea bargain negotiat- 
ed with prosecutors in one of tne 
gravest spy cases in U.S. history, 
the officials said Mr. Ames would 

cooperate with investigators and 
that in return his wife would be 
treated leniently, but still would 
have to serve some time in prison. 

The couple, accused of passing 
CIA secrets to Moscow since 1985, 
would formally enter the guilty 
pleas Thursday, they said. 

Lawyers said Mr. Ames and his 
wife each would plead guilty to two 
counts — criminal charges of espi- 
onage and conspiracy to evade tax- 
es on money from Moscow. 

Away From Politics 

• neonfe were killed and 48 were injured when tornadoes 
south of Dallas, flattening houses, overturning cars 

tii* superstar Michael Jackson sexually mo- 

EfBf«tfta35f5£5i president, on the Upper M. flde 
ne^t. deterioration, and “tdtois wtch sprny 

^ Anderson, 41. s parolee convicted of abdnctinp and fatally 
stabbing a Houston i har managefiwas < 
the state prison in Huntsville, Texas. 

Reuters, AP 

Mrs. Ames would be eligible for 
a lesser sentence because her al- 
leged activities did not include any 
top-secret material, they said. 

In contrast, Mr. Ames has been 
arfffip hH of giving Moscow some of 
the nation's most closely guarded 
secrets, including the identities of 
VS. spies working in the Soviet 
Union and Eastern Europe. A 
□umber of the spies were executed 
as a result, the FBI has said. 

The Justice Department officials 
and defense lawyers said Mr. 
Ames, 52 years old and a 31-year 
CIA veteran, would have to serve 

The officials said the plea deal 
would call for Mrs. Ames to get 
about five years in prison. It will be 
up to the judge to decide how much 
time she would draw under federal 
sentencing guidelines. 

Mrs. Ames, 41, last week denied 
in an interview having ever spied 
for the Soviet Union and claimed 
ao knowledge of her husband’s al- 
leged espionage activities. 

The officials said cooperation by 
Mr. Ames would make it easier for 
the CIA and the FBI to assess the 
damage to national security and 
determine what secrets had been 

passed to Moscow. They said a plea 

veteran, wuuiu — ■ — - -- , . , ■ 

life in prison. Mr. Ames has agreed deal would also avoid a 

to cooperate “100 percent,” a de- trial that could embarr, 
fense lawyer said. and disdose sensitive secrets. 


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Attraction for U.S.: Triumph of f Good 5 

By Thomas W. Lippman 

Washington post Smite 

WASHINGTON — By many traditional 
definitions of national interest the United 
States might appear to have little at stake in 
the electoral drama unfolding this week in 
Sooth Africa. 

There are no ofl fields to protect, no U.S. 
bases or troops in the region, no U.S. military 
alliances in sub-Saharan Africa and no Cu- 
ban troops or other Soviet proxies to be 
confronted. The United States never fought a 
war there. After years of boycott, U.S. eco- 
nomic ties to South Africa are limned. 

In addition, “it wasn’t a colony of ours, 
and we don’t have guilt there like in other 
countries where we shored up dictatorships,” 
snob as Iran, said Representative Harry John- 
1 st on. Democrat of Florida and the chairman 
of the House Foreign Affairs subcommittee 
on Africa. 

But despite this lack of historic and eco- 
nomic ties, South Africa’s transition from 
apartheid to multiracial democracy is attract- 
ing considerable attention across the United 
States, reflecting what officials and analysts 
say is die inherent fascination of the events 

there and a recognition that South Africa 
could be important to U.& interests. 

“We believe that a democratic South Afri- 
ca will promote peace and prosperity in the 
entire Southern Africa region while simulta- 
neously advancing American interests by ex- 
panding the market for U.S. goods and ser- 
vices, even as we create jobs in South Africa 
through the purchase of increasingly avail- 
able and sopnisticaied exports.” Commerce 
Secretary Ronald H. Brown said Monday in a 
speech at Howard University- ‘*We intend to 
forge a partnership between our two coun- 
tries rhtn is long-lasting and mutually benefi- 

Mr. Brown said President Bill Gin ton 
planned to double U.S. aid to South Africa, 
currently $80 million a year. 

Vice President A1 Gore will announce de- 
tails of the aid package, along with commit- 
ments to extend Export-Import Bank financ- 
ing and federal investment insurance, when 
he represents the United States at the inaugu- 
ration of South Africa’s fiist freely elected 
president, U.S. officials said. 

One major reason for the interest in South 

Africa, several specialists said, was that the 
elections and the prospect of a peaceful tran- 
sition to majority rule seemed to represent a 
triumph of good over evil, a rarity in a world 
of murky issues such as Bosnia. Apartheid — 
the separation of South Africa's population 
by race — was long a target of worldwide 

What is happening thus represents an out- 
come that most people had sought for de- 

“It’s true that we have no strategic inter- 
ests" in the traditional sense in South Africa, 
a UJL congressional specialist said. But he 
said that was exactly the reason the transition 
was so important to Mr. Clin ton’s adminis- 
tration. which has sought to emphasize hu- 
man rights, democracy and free markets in 
foreign policy, rather than the strategic con- 
siderations that dominated the Cold War era. 

In addition, an orderly transition in South 
Africa, one State Department official said, 
“could be the engine that drives southern 
Africa into some Bud of stability and pros- 
perity. not just by example but by the force of 
economy and skill." 

VOTE: A Daylong ' Dawn of Freedom 9 as South African Balloting Begins 

Onuftingd from Page 1 

al Assembly, which will convene 
' next week to select a president. If 
aD goes according to schedule, the 
president wiD be inaugurated May 
10. Voters also will elect local par- 
liaments in nine newly created 

Under a five-year government of 
national unity, ali parties will be 
entitled to one seat in the national 
cabinet for every 5 percent erf the 
national vote they receive. The par- 
ty that finishes second will name 
one of two deputy presidents; ibis 
is expected to be the National Par- 
ty, and Mr. de Klerk is expected to 

get the job. The party that finishes 
first will name the other deputy 

Of South Africa's 217 eligible 
voters, an estimated 16J million 
are blade, 3.5 million are white, 2 
million are mixed-race and 600,000 
are Indian. 

Some analysts have suggested 
the vote is as much a racial census 
as if is an election. Die ANC is 
expected to receive the overwhelm- 
ing majority of black votes and the 
National Party to gel most white 

One of the few major questions 
was which way the mixed-racepeo- 
ple and Indians would vote. They, 

too. were victims of apartheid but 
were always treated less harshly 
than blacks. Another was how well 
Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi’s In- 
katha Freedom Party would fare. It 
only joined the election campaign a 
week ago. ending a long boycott 
over its objection to elements of the 
new constitution. 

Inkatha’s late entry was one of 
the other major causes of logistical 
problems. By the time Inkauia en- 
tered the race, it was too late to 
reprint ballots to include its candi- 
dates' names. Instead, special stick- 
ers were made up to be affixed to 
the bottom of the ballot with In- 
katha’s name on them. 

BLACKS: Goal Is Not Wealth but Human Dignity 

Continued from Page 1 

teacher consigned to Mandela Park 
by the high cost of real housing. 
Mr. Shai said he acquired “a hatred 
for the white man" when, as a col- 
lege student his living allowance 
was a fifth that given white stu- 

With so many citizens living so 
low, the task of raising their stan- 
dards will be daunting and costly. 

Mandela Park is a museum of 
this need, a place without electric- 
ity or sewage disposal, where mal- 
nutrition is rife. An estimated 8 
million of the 30 milli on blade 
South Africans live in sndi commu- 
nities or in backyard shacks. 

Even the much-diluted plan for 
low-cost housing, public jobs and 
free education laid out in the Afri- 
can National Congress campaign 

manifesto seems to some econo- 
mists overly ambitious. 

Against this, pollers say, is the 
fact that for those at the bottom it 
does not take much to fulfill the 
ANC slogan of “a belter life for 

One survey in a Natal squatter 
camp, for example, asked the 
homeless what they wanted. Over- 
whelmingly, the answers were,- 
c/ean drinking water and toilets. 

A poller employed by the ANC. 
who refused to be identified by 
name, added: “Even among youth, 
the wildest card in terms of expec- 
tations, we have found a very real 
readiness to settle for the menial 
jobs that might be provided in a 
state public service scheme at low 

Like many of South Africa's eu- 
phemistically named informal set- 
tlements, Mandela Park is inhabit- 

ed by the house-proud poor who 
have sculpted their squalor into 

regimental order. 

The shacks are painted, num- 
bered and customized — one even 
rises three stories on log pylons — 
and they are surrounded by flower 
beds, ornamental rock gardens, 
and lawns the size of throw rugs. 

“I have a kitchen, a room for 
entertaining visitors, a living room 
and a bedroom,” said Ceatia Mo- 
kone, showing off her meticulous 
shed of scrap lumber. “It is just 
they are ali in one room.” 

There is an onsinkable quality in 
their self-confidence, as Mr. Shai, 
the school teacher observes when 
reflecting on the ambitions of his 
high school seniors. 

“Do the youth have unrealistic 
expectations?” he said. “Yes. All of 
them think they are going to be 

At some polling stations Tues- 
day, the ballots arrived but the 
stickers didn’t Election officials 
said any ballots without the stick- 
ers on them would be considered 


Crash in Japan 

Continued from Page 1 

“Roger, CAL 140, cleared for land- 

About a minute after that, the 
pilot sent in his last message, evi- 
dently a calm one. saying the plane 
would repeat its approach. But in- 
stead of cuding, the jet kept com- 
ing downward, nose first, witnesses 
told NHK. 

■ Airbus Team En Route 
Three Airbus Industrie engineers 
left Tuesday for Nagoya to assist 
Japanese authorities in their inves- 
tigation of the crash, Reuters re- 
ported from Toulouse, France. 

Airbus declined to comment on 
possible causes of the accident. It 
said the aircraft was the first Air- 
bus of its Qpe to have crashed The 

S lane was delivered to China Air- 
nes on Jan. 29, 1991. It was an 
upgraded version of the A-300 se- 
nes of wide body, twin-engine pas- 
senger jets. 

The A-300-600R series entered 
service in 1988 and has average 
seating for 266 passengers in two 
classes. One hundred and sixty- 
four A-300-600S have been deliv- 
ered since 1984, and 412 of all types 
of the A-300 are in service. 

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Good as Gold 

Continued from Poge 1 

that can easily be slipped into the 
pocket or purse. 

“People want to be freed from 
their telephone, to no longer be 
forced to sit at their desks," said 
Per Bengtsson, spokesman for Swe- 
den’s Ericsson Radio Systems AB, 
which claims 40 percent of the mar- 
ket for cellular infrastructure 
equipment “When the prices come 
down, you should see the private 
market segments developing." 

Some forecasters predict that 
within seven years, advances in 
technology and competition wifi 
combine to bring the price of mo* 
bile telephone service down to near 
that of conventional telephone ser- 

Prices currently vary widely ac- 
cording to the local competitive en- 
vironment and the marketing strat- 
egies of operators. Many operators 
will subsidize the handsets — - 
priced from $150 to $1,000 — in 
order to win customers, expecting 
to make it bads, from the monthly 
service and usage fees. Americans 
currently pay about $660 a year for 
cellular service, while Europeans 
may pay 20 percent to 40 percent 

In the developing world, experts 
ay, many governments favor cellu- 
lar as a way to provide basic phone 
service, considered the key to their 
economic development strategies. 

“Cellular is seen as a quick-fix 
substitute for wirelme fixed net- 
works because it’s cheaper and eas- 
ier to deploy, ” said Linda Barra- 
bee, associate at Pyramid Research 
Inc., a market research firm in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

A cellular infrastructure is com- 
posed of a network of overlapping 
radio cells, each of which is an- 
chored by a radio base station that 
contains a number of cellular 
switches. The base stations are 
wired together and ultimately 
plugged into a fixed public tele- 
phone network. As a user moves, 
the signal is “handed” from one 

Found at Last^ 

Source: EMCI 

base station to another, permitting 
seamless communications. 

Though wireless systems have 
been under development in the 
West since the mid«80s, the market 

began surging only last year, with a 

gam of 10 million subscribers 
worldwide. By the end of last year, 
there were IS million subscribers in 
the United States, 8.3 minion in 
Europe, 1.4 million in Asia and 1.1 
million in Latin America. 

As result of the cellular buildup, 
experts say, the total pie for tele- 
phone traffic wtD grow, and mobile 
phone networks w31 get a much 
bigger dice of that pie. 

“The numbers are staggering,” 
said Mr. Mifler of Lehman Broth- 
ers. “Across the globe, wireless tele- 
phony will be lairing an increasing 
portion of telephone traffic, and 
over the next 10 years we should see 
a wholesale shift from fixed to 

The threat — and opportunity — 
has been well understood by major 
telephone utilities, which are eager 
to join mobile telephone ventures 
to ensure their future businesses. 
AT&T Cotp, which had no cellular 
activities, announced a $12.6 bil- 
lion purchase last August — still to 
be approved — of McCaw Cellular 
Communications Inc. 

Most of the regional Bell operat- 
ing companies in the United States 
are pursuing ventures abroad. The 
most active is AirTouch Cotnmuni- 

BOSNIA: Serbian Claim 

Condoned from Page I 

from Gorazde. marked by looting 
and bunting of houses and destruc- 
tion of its water supply system. 

Mr. Akashi denounced the acts 
as “shocking and most regrettable” 
and contacted Mr. Karadzic to 
lodge a strong protest, Mr. Wil- 
liams said. 

He said Mr. Akashi had also pro- 
tested to Mr. Karadzic about his 
forces’ failure to allow a Red Cress 
convoy to take sanitation equip- 
ment into Gorazde, urgently need- 
ed after the Serbs blew up its water 
treatment plant. 

The Serbs later prevented nine 
United Nations liaison officers 
from entering Gorazde, asserting - 

that their true mission was to con- 
trol possible air strikes against Ser- 
bian positions. 

The nine officers were part of a 
12-man team that tried to reach 
Gorazde from Sarajevo, a Bosnian 
Serbian spokesman, Jovan Zame- 
tica. said in a letter to Viktor An- 
dreev. a UN civil affairs officer in 
the Bosnian capital. 

The letter, quoted by the Yugo- 
slav news agency Tanjug, said that 
only three of the group were genu- 
ine observers. 

“We have reason to believe that 
the remaining members are essen- 
tially no more than forward air 
controllers,” Mr. Zametica said. 

(AFP, Reuters, API 


*' ■ * - ' 



jiHHwonal Herald Tribune 

cations, the cellular unit spun off 
from Pacific Tderis Group. 

AirTouch is a partner, along with 
Bell Atlantic Coro, in the Ohvctti- 
led consortium in Italy, and last 
week it was chosen as a partner in 
the group that wiB build South Ko- 
rea’s second network- It is also in- 
volved with mobile systems in Ja- 
pan, Belgium, Germany, Portugal, 
and Sweden. 

AirTouch’s strategy, said Wendy 
Franz, the senior executive for Eu- 
rope; is to leverage its home-grown 
expertise in fast, customer-friendly 
service to penetrate as many na- 
tional markets as possible. Eventu- 
ally, AirTouch will be in a position 
to offer one of the first pan-Euro- 
pean mobile services when regula- 
tions allow it, she said. 

The game also is attracting in- 
dustrial giants with no particular 
experience in operating phone sys- 
tems. Losing to Olivetti in Italy, for 
example, was a group led by Flat 
SpA and Fininvest SpA, the media 
concern owned by Silvio Berlus- 
coni. In France, a license for a third 
system is expected to draw bids in 
early May from Bouygues SA, Al- 
catel Alsthom SA and Lyonnaise 
des Eaux-Dumez SA. Lyonnaise is 
teaming up with a unit of Thyssen 
AG of Germany. 

In Germany, Thyssen and Veba 
AG are behind a third network, 
called E-Plus, to start operations in 

r HMear Diaries 9 Forger 
Aspires to Parliament 

BONN — The forger of the 
“Hitler diaries,” who tricked the 
world into accepting them as genu- 
ine for several months in 1983, is 
seeking a parliamentary seat in the 
Oct 16 general elections. 

Konrad Knjau, who was sen- 
tenced to three years imprisonment 
for passing off the documents as 
genuine and selling them to the 
media, win he a candidate of the 
Car Drivers’ and Citizens’ Interest 
Party, a party spokesman said. The 
small party, which has no represen- 
tation in parliament, would benefit 
from having someone so wieU- 
known stand for it, the spokesman 
added. ‘ 

But these particles later showed 

building blotto. 

The field was plunged into era- 
fusion for many years until a grand 
unifying theory pioneered by Mur- 
ray GeH-Mann, a physicist at the 
California Institute of Technology, 
was introduced in an effort to ex- 
plain the structure of panicles Hre 
protons and neutrons Is terms of 
new units that he whimsically 
named quarks. 

His theory called for the exis- 
tence of six different kinds of 
quarks, named up and down, 
charm and strange, top and bot- 
tom. The quark family parallels * 
six-member family of lighter parti- 
cles, known as feptoas, that in- 
dudes the electron. 

Various combinations of these 
12 partides are thought to make up 
everything in the matenal world. In 
addition to matter, the umvene 
con tains potent forces like electro- 
magnetism and gravity, and per- 
haps many other exotic partides as 
yet to be discovered. - 

Five of the rix quarks were even- 
tually found but the sixth remained 
painfully absent. For nearly two 
decades rival teams of scientists' 
around the worid -have sought the 
top quark by performing ever- 
more-costiy experiments using in- 
creasingly" large machines that ac- 
celerate tiny partides almost to the 
speed of light and then smash them 
together in a burst of energy. The 
resulting fireball can yield clues to 
nature’s most elementary building 

The al Fennflab, which in- 
dudes scientists from the United 
States, Italy. Japan, Canada- and 
Taiwan, cautioned that the evi- 
dence they had gathered over' the 
past year and a half for the top 
quark would be conyindiig to 
many scientists but pot definitive. 

“Some people will say, “Hey, nice 
piece of physics but you need more 
data to make sure,’ ” said MeJvyn J. 
Shochet, a physicist at the Univer- 
sity of Chicago who worked on the 
Fermilab experiment and is a 
spokesman for the discovery team. 
“To that I can only agree.” 

A senior Fc rariab official add- 
ed: “We don’t have a discovery. We 
have evidence. It’s good evidence. 
It's tightening up to where the top 
quark lives. The next step is to get 
more events." 

EUJ&mrtmmental Chief , 

The Associated Press 

Jimenez-Bdtran of Spain was ap- 
pointed Tuesday to lead the Euro- 
pean Union’s Environment Agen- 
cy, which is being set up in 
Copenhagen. MrJimeuEz-Beltran, 
50, is director-general of Spain’s 
Environment. Ministry-* 






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Page 5 

Beijing Delays Trial 
Of 14 Dissidents 

China has sudden! 
Postponed the trial of 14 dissident 
*bo have boat held on charges c 

counterrevolution for wtvrm 

y«rs. family members said'Tues 
said they had original]' 
start ESESi 

specified ume. 

A spokeswoman for the Beiiini 

.KTS". 1 * Coun said lhe 

U?e 14, the largest group of politica 
dissidents to face trial in Chim 
Prosecutions related u 
tne lyS9 Tiananmen Square den> 
onstratioiu. was still in the pretria 

She aid by telephone that it was 
difficult to say when the formal 
court session would be held. 

The postponement of the trial 
comes at a sensitive time Tor China, 
which is in the midst of a dispute 
with the United States over the link 
between human rights and trade. 

President Bill Clinton has said he 
will not renew Beijing's most-fa- 
vored-nation trading privileges in 
June unless there is significant pro- 
gress on human rights. 

Although Beijing rejects the link- 
age between rights and trade, it last 
week showed clemency toward one 
of the men accused of mastermind- 
ing the 1989 protests, allowing him 
to leave the country for medical 
treatment in the United Stales. 

The family members speculated 
Tuesday that it might be too politi- 
cally sensitive to try the 14 dissi- 

dents now. not only because of the 
imminent UJS. decision but also 
because of the approaching fifth 
anniversary of the June 4, 1989. 
army crackdown that crushed the 
Tiananmen protests. 

All those facing trial were de- 
tained in May and June of 1992. 

China originally indicted 16 peo- 
ple for their alleged involvement in 
underground pro-democracy and 
labor groups, among them the Free 
Labor Union of Chma and the Lib- 
eral Democratic Party of China. 

Two of the original defendants. 
Gao Yuxiang and Li Quanli, have 
been excused from prosecution, at 
least temporarily, because of ill- 
ness, the family members said. 

_ The others face charges of orga- 
nizing. leading and actively partici- 
pating in counterrevolutionary or- 

Such charges are usually pun- 
ished by stiff prison sentences, 
though the penal code gives judges 

The family members, who have 
not seen their relatives since their 
detention, said that the court had 
told them the trial would be held in 
secret and that they would not be 
allowed to attend. 

The 14 facing trial include Liu 
Jingsheng, who has been involved 
m pro-democracy activities since 
the late 1970s, when be was an 
associate of Wei Jingsheng's. 

Mr. Wei, China’s best-known 
dissident, was paroled in Septem- 
ber after serving 1416 yean of a 15- 
year sentence. He was detained 
again on April 1 and has not been 
beard from since. 

SAFELY HOME — Cambodian refugees returning to their village Tuesday after fleeing to Thailand because of fight i n g between 
Cambodian government troops and Khmer Rouge guerrillas. The return was guarded by Thai soldiers tinder UN sopenisMML 

Hata Ally Foresees 
New Japan Elections 

Confuted by Our Staff From Dispatches 

TOKYO — A powerful trade 
union leader said Tuesday that the 
possibility of a special election was 
strong following the decision of the 
Social Democratic Party to boll the 
government coalition. 

Akira Yaraagishi. chairman of 
the Trade Union Confederation, 
was quoted by the Jiji Press agency 
as saying that major legislation 
would not make it through parlia- 
ment without the Socialists. 

“Whether you like it or not." he 
said, “there is a strong possibility 
that the lower house will be dis- 
solved for general elections at an 
eariy date.” 

Mr. Vama gishi, who is head of 
Japan’s largest organized labor fed- 
eration. is considered a close asso- 
ciate of the newly elected prime 
minister, Tsutomu Hata, as well as 
his predecessor. Moribiro Ho- 

The confederation itself sup- 
ports both the Social Democratic 
Party and the smaller Democratic 
Socialist Party, two of the seven 
partners in the outgoing govern- 
ment. A sudden move Monday by 
the Democratic Socialists to set up 
a new parliamentary alliance with 
four other groups triggered the So- 
cial Democratic Party's withdrawal 
from the eight-month-old coali- 

“The solid relations" between 
the two parties “have been bro- 
ken," Mr. Yamagishi said. “It is 
impossible to maintain cooperative 
relations with the new govern- 

The decision by the Socialists to 
quit the coalition stripped Mr. 
Hata of his narrow majority in par- 
liament and cast into doubt his 
ability to enaci a series of steps 
sought by the United States. 

Those measures include an eco- 
nomic stimulus program, deregula- 
tion of the economy, steps to open 
Japanese markets to imports and a 
solid stand against North Korea in 
the effort to force it to accept nu- 
clear inspections. 

Tbe Socialist Party's move came 
after its members discovered what 
they called a plot by the rest of the 
coalition to freeze them out of the 
new government. 

“We had an agreement on policy 
that was the base for launching a 
new administration, and now that’s 
been broken." the Socialists' chair- 
man, Tomiichi Murayama. said 
Tuesday. “There’s nothing for us to 
do now but leave." 

Mr. Murayama said the Social- 
ists would help the coalition pass 
the overdue national budget for fis- 
cal 1994, which began on April 1. 
but would offer no other support. 

I AFP. NYT. Reuters ) 

' 9 \ 




Despite Blast, Satellites 
Will Go Up, China Says 

By Patrick E Tyler 

New York Times Service 

BELTING — China's space launching agency said Tuesday that an 
April 2 blast (hat killed one person and injured 20 would not delay the 
launching of three foreign communications satellites this year. 

Officials said the explosion that rocked the Xtchang Satellite Launch- 
ing Center in southwestern China, damaging a major testing hail, would 
push back China's national satellite program by at least three months. 

The loss of a S75 milli on weather satellite, the Fengyun-2, was regarded 
by space industry analysts as a serious Mow to China’s plans to develop a 
more sophisticated weather forecasting program this year. ‘ 

China’s space agency officials disputed early reports that described the 
explosion as a “major setback” to its space program, which is competing 
with the United States and Europe for launching services. They said they 
believe they can meet the launching schedules of three foreign satellites 
set for July. August and December of litis year. 

All of them, the Apstar-I, the Optus-B3 and the Apstar-2, are commu- 
nications satellites manufactured by Hughes Space and Communications 
Co. for Hong Kong and Australian customers. 

A Western space industry analyst agreed with the Chinese assessment. 
“The explosion damaged one building, but they have other buildings to 
ensure the scheduled launches,” he said. “They hope within two to three 
months to make the building usable again.” , . 

The Fengyun-2 satellite is a more advanced version of the Fengyun?! 
model weather satellites bunched in 1988 and 1990. The-blast occurred 
after the satellite had received its on-board fueling to give it maneuvering 
capability mice in orbit 

It was undergoing testing in a large satellite processing hall at the space 
center, 2,000 kilometers { 1250 miles) southwest of Beijing, and had not 
yet been mounted on its Long March booster rocket 

Singapore Ready to Say 
'No’ to Teen’s Petition 

By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Despite in- 
tense pressure from the United 
Stales, including several requests 
for clemency by President BiD 
Clinton, the government is expect- 
ed to dear the way soon for a 
yaning sentence to be carried out 
against an American teenager con- 
victed of vandalism. 

Officials said Tuesday that the 
government was likely to reject 
calls to halt the caning, arguing 
that if Singapore’s tough laws were 
to remain credible, they would have 
to be applied to foreign residents 
and viators as well as to Singapor- 

Singapore’s cabinet is to hold its 
weekly meeting Wednesday or 
Thursday and will probably decide 
on a petition for clemency for Mi- 
chad P. Fay, 18, that was filed last 
week by Mr. Fay’s lawyers with 
President Ong Teng Cheong. 

The president, who acts on the 
advice of the cabinet, represents 
the last avenue of appeal for Mr. 
Fay against a court sentence hand- 
ed down in March that induded ax 
lashes with the cane, four monto 
imprisonment and a fine of 3^500 
Singapore dollars (about $2,000) 
for spray-pain ting cars and other 

offenses. . . 

The petition seeks to prevent tne 

already been paid, 

Christine l-im, one of his lawyers. 

Mr. Clinton, in his third public 
comment on the case, said again 
last week that he fdt the caning 
sentence for Mr. Fay, a first of- 
fender, was excessive, adding that 
it was “not entirely dear" that his 
confession bad not been exacted by 
police coercion. 

A New York Times article, pub- 
tidied April 18 in the International 
Herald Tribune, said that in a writ- 
ten summary after his detention by 
police last autumn, Mr. Fay said he 
had been coerced into signing a 
confession of involvement in the 

But Singapore’s Home Affairs 
Minis try, which administers the 
police, said an internal investiga- 
tion had found no evidence that 
Mr. Fay had been abused by the 

Moreover, the ministry said, nei- 
ther Mr. Fay nor lawyers appearing 
for him in the Singapore courts had 
argued that his confession had been 
coerced, and Mr. Fay had made no 
< xtrh allegation in his petition to 
Mr. Ong. 

Mr. Fay received his sentence 
after pleading guilty to two charges 
of vandalism, two of mischief and 
one of possessing stolen property. 

Don't miss 

the Special Report on 




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. Page 6 







All Eyes on South Africa 

Unable to Mode this week’s election by 
other means, racial zealots in Sooth Africa 
have turned to the coward's weapon: the car 
bomb. In Johannesburg, 19 people were killed 
and hundreds wounded in car bombings near 
offices used by the African National Con- 
gress, then at a taxi stand for black commut- 
ers; others died in a dozen bomb attacks 
elsewhere. No group has claimed responsibil- 
ity, hot white extremists have threatened dras- 
tic action to scare voters from the first poll 
open to all South Africans, regardless of racc. 

This is amoment that belongs to the world 
as well as Sooth Africa. It is unthinkable that 
it can be delayed or spoiled by “a group 
of desperate people,” in President Frederik 
de Klerk’s words, who have “declared war on 
the rest of society.” 

Correctly, his government has responded 
with the bluest peacetime military call-up in 
South Africa's history and by posting 100,000 
police officers, double the planned total, at 
polling stations. Still, with so many guns in so 
many hands, a bloodbath is possible. It is 
scarcely a week since Mangosuthu Buthelezi, 
leader of tbe Zulu-based Inkatha Freedom 
Party, ended his boycott of the vote. 

To many bewildered whites, bred to privi- 
leged dominion over blacks, the future is 
scary, especially under a confusing interim 
constitution that fills 200 pages. Though this 
charter prescribes a five-year period of power- 
sharing, the country’s next president, ail polls 
suggest, will be Nelson Mandela, once 

deemed so dangerous that his name and pic- 
ture were subject to press censorship. 

Yet remarkably, at every level, hope vies 
with gloom. Chief Buthelezi sensed his total 
isolation, even from his own Zulu people, and 
so reversed himself at the last moment In 
their team and heads; South African whites 
knew this moment had to come, that apart- 
heid was indefensible and unworkable. And 
Mr. Mandela has managed the considerable 
feat of holding bis own movement together 
while pledging a share of the power to white 
politicians, dvil servants and security police. 

Mr. Mandela has matched Mr. de Klerk in 
rising to the occasion. He has kept tbe heal 
on tbe government for failing to protect blade 
lives. Yet he also warned a rally last weekend 
that gun control would be firmly enforced 
after the vote, and that “nobody should come 
to our meetings armed." 

The same Mandela who once condemned 
financial markets as a “casino" turned up Fri- 
day at the Johannesburg Stock Exchange to 
condemn “prophets of doom,*’ pointing out 
that a legitimate, democratic government 
would “bring the stability needed for interna- 
tional investment/’ After his talk, the industrial 
index rose 22 points, adding to tbe strange 
mixture of signals during this transforming 
week in South Africa. One hopes that the mad 
bombers speak to the past, and that whatever 
the troubles ahead. South Africa has turned tbe 
corner toward the rest of humanity. 


America and Peacekeeping 

United Nations troops in Rwanda have 
scurried for safety, abandoning thousands of 
refugees who had sought their protection. 
And in Somalia, the United Nations coaxed 
U.S. peacekeepers into deadly clashes with 
the most prominent warlord. No wonder 
Americans are uneasy about playing “desig- 
nated hitter for the United Nations,” as Sena- 
tor Trent Lott of Mississippi recently put it. 

But these setbacks do not invalidate the 
notion of collective action. It will generally be 
preferable for tbe United States to contribute 
troops, logistical support or financing to an 
effective peacekeeping force than to play global 
cop by itsdf. That is why tbe admimstratioa’s 
draft policy on the criteria for U.S. participa- 
tion in UN peacekeeping makes good sense. 

No sooner had that policy begun circulating 
in Congress, however, than critics denounced it 
for risking the lives of U.S. troops in dubious 
engagements or having them serve under cal- 
lous foreign commanders. But the tough condi- 
tions that the a dm ini s tration has now set for 
USL participation in UN operations provide 
protection a pnwy * involvements that misfir e. 
Requiring Congress’s approval before troops 
can be committed would provide stiU more. 

In deddzug to support UN peacekeeping, 
the adminis tration will weigh whether the 
operation has dear objectives and defined 
duration and scope, a strategy that integrates 
political and military considerations and the 
requisite resources to carry out the strategy. 

The administ ration sets stringent condi- 
tions on committing UJL troops to UN opera- 
tions. The mission must advance U.S. inter- 
ests, at acceptable risk. US. participation 
must be necessary for the operation to suc- 
ceed. And there rnnst be a credible exit strategy. 

These conditions mi gh t have produced clos- 
er scrutiny of the original U5. troop commit- 
ment to Somalia and surely would have raised 
doubts about changing then mission. They will 
prompt serious questions about sending 
ground troops to police a peace m Bosnia. 

When circumstances warrant, tbe adminis- 
tration would permit American troops to 
serve under foreign commanders, as they have 
in the past, not only in the UN operation in 
Somalia but also in NATO. But the troops 
would remain, as always, under the control of 
the president, who could withdraw them from 
engagements that failed to serve American 
interests, that violated U.S. law or exceeded 
the mandate under which (hey were commit- 
ted or that were militarily unsound. 

The United States would also pay its fair 
snare of UN assessments for peacekeeping op- 
erations that Washington supports. Paying for 
otters to keep the peace can be a lot less costly 
than sending U.S. troops, or doing nothing. 

Tbe U.S. role could be strengthened in 
several respects. Although the armed services 
are updating their doctrine for peacekeeping, 
ttey have been reluctant to sign an agreement 
with the United Nations designating specific 
U.S. units to be committed to peacekeeping. 
Designation would be useful to improve the 
readiness of the units and allow them to 
engage in joint training with other nationals. 

The hair-trigger exigencies of the Cold War 
no longer exist. There is time for Congress to 
debate the wisdom, and the limits, of inter- 
vention before committing U.S. troops, just as 
there is the possibility and the need for Ameri- 
ca to join other nations in strengthening the 
United Nations to keep the peace. 


Haitians Await Real Help 

Tightening the sanctions on suffering Haiti is 
not tikdy to rescue the Qinton administration 
from the unwelcome choices ahead. There is 
perhaps a slight (fiance that further economic 
press ur e might ftKft we (be military command- 
ers who illicitly ntie the island country to give 
up and flee, but it seems a very slight chance. 
Af ter all, many of the soldiers are prospering in 
the smuggtmg business and tighter sanctions 
wiD only increase the smugglers' profits. 

If sanctions fail the United States has a 
dunce between allowing more Haitian refu- 
gees to stay in the United States at least 
temporarily and using military force to return 
a legitimate government to Haiti. The present 
indecision is intolerable. 

In Haiti, tbe soldiers have been conducting 
a reign of terror intended to wipe out any 
vestige of active support for the oiled presi- 
dent, Jean-Bertrand Aristide. They have mur- 
dered as many of their enemies, or supposed 
enemies, as they can find. When Haitians 
attempt to flee across the ocean, tbe U.S. 
Coast Guard intercepts them and returns 
them directly to Haiti and the attention of the 
soldiers they sought to escape. While the 
United States works diligently in other parts 
of the world to advance the principles of 
human rights, in the waters off Haiti it is 
■routinely violating them. 

President Aristide thinks that the removal 
of only a handful of military commanders 
would permit him to return and govern his 
country — perhaps as few as three generals, 
plus the notorious Colonel Joseph Michel 
Francois, who is implicated in drug traffick- 
ing as well as in much of tbe bloodshed. That 
seems optimistic. But the crimes bring com- 
mitted by these soldiers make it necessary to 
consider the possibility of an international 
force capable of sweeping up tbe most guilty 

and bringing in the contingent of French- 
speaking police advisers and training officers 
that was ready to go last summer. 

It is not the responsibility of the United 
Stales to run Haiti, or even to restore Mr, 
Aristide to power. But if it can be done without 
great cost, America has a humanitarian duty to 
end the mayhem that Haitian soldiers are in- 
flicting on their people. If unHtary action is not 
posable, then the Clinton administration mil 
have to provide refuge for those people who 
have reason to run for thrir fives. 

The administration fears that any relax- 
ation. of tbe Coast Guard's patrols wiD en- 
courage half of Haiti's population to set sail 

for Florida. That is not a happy prospect. Bui 
er wiuch US. ships 

the present policy, under 
keep Haitians penned up on their island while 
armed thugs hunt down their adversaries, vio- 
lates fundamental American principles. 


Other Comment 

Tbe ANC Has a Daunting Job 

One of the most ominous of apartheid's 
legacies is the passivity with which most 
blacks were forced to submit to thrir fate for 
so many decades. Now, Ibeir expectations of 
instant prosperity are unrealistically high, for 
which the ANC is to blame, having fostered 
such illusions in the struggle for power to 
attract followers. Nelson Mandela and the 
ANC leaders are well aware of the daunting 
problems they will face. But will they be able 
to convince the masses that long-promised 
revolution is not going to happen? 

— Neue Zurthcr Zeitung (Zurich). 

International Herald Tribune 




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Against the ANC’s Brave New World 9 a Tenacious Past 

~ =oaomic This week, the AfCwiffptobal 


_ of terrorist attacks since Sunday 
has tinged South Africa’s passage to 
democracy with tbe threat of con- 
tinuing violent resistance. 

“Nouradalism," tte guiding prin- 
ciple that has brought tte African 
National Congress to a nearly as- 
sured victory in the election that 
began Tuesday, will be hard-pressed 
to hold this country together. 

The ANC may find it faces ethnic 
crises — not only among extremist 
whites but also Zulu nationalists 
and people of mixed race — that it 
has limited power to address. 

That Chief Mangosuthu Buthe- 
kzi and the Zulu king, Goodwill 
Zwelithini. have called on their fol- 

By Mark Gevisser 

tiny kingdom of Shaka, the “black 
Napoleon” who founded tte Zulu 
dynasty through brutal wars of con- 
quest In fact there was no real col- 
lective Zulu identity, many historians 
argue, until to the 1920s, when tte 
new Union of South Africa “created” 
tribes aSjpart of hs system of control- 
ling tbe indigenous peoples. 

Even today, some Zulu-speaking 
dans keep memories of their sepa- 
rate identities burning. 

This partly explains tte civil war 
that has been ra ging in Natal for a 
d ecad e. Many traditional leaden 

lowers to support tbe elections does 
not negate tte pot 

continue to oppose Chkf Buthele- 
otrol of Zulu identit 

^ : power of Zulu chau- 
vinism unleashed during the negoti- 
ations over die last three years. It 

i «• a -a r- 1 

just displaces it from its traditional 

base, in the northern Natal Prov- 
ince, to tte corridors of Parliament. 

It is tree that more than half of 
the 7 milHnn Zulus are expected to 
vote for the ANC and not for Chief 
ButhriezTs Inkatha Freedom Party. 
But the genie of Zulu nationalism 
that has been released and its effect 
on politics wtU be felt for years. 

Qrief ButhriezTs manipulation of 
history has been masterly. He has 
consistently invoked a proud warrior 
heritage going back to the 19th-cen- 

zfs rigid control of Zulu identity. 

The other ethnic Pandora’s box 
— the far- righ t caD for an Afrikaner 
volkstaat, or homeland —will also 
have to be addressed. 

Meanwhile, a newer ethnic dilem- 
ma for the ANC is lurking in tbe 
western part of Cape Province, 
where titan has been a widespread 
defection of “colored” voters from 
the ANC to the National Party, 
ranging acute t<»nCTons between the 
colored minority and blacks. 

Die ANC once could assume that 
since tte three million “coloreds” 
— a mixed-race category rigidly 
codified by apartheid — had also 
been oppressed by the white minor- 
ity government, they would readily 

make common cause with blacks. 

Tte trouble is that the ANC 
ligh t the support of colored voters 
rile denying the very existence of a 
separate colored ethnicity. 

Precisely because “the colored 
race" was one of the more absurd 
inventions of apartheid’s divide- 
and-rule strategy, the ANC needed 
to challenge its existence. 

As Winnie Mandela told a group 
of colored supporters in 1991, *You 
are called coloreds because not long 
after [Europeans] landed here in 
16S2 these despicable people raped 
our grandmothers.” 

Sufi m m men 15 dismiss the histor- 
ies of milli ons, setting a “pure" Afri- 

_ romonac This week, the ANC will probably 

and racial insecurity: econ on n ^fa e- pjgyQjggg by 

HaSamast coloreds. And era if 

blades, and because they now fear a 

setting a “pure” 

ran identity against a “sallied" colored 

one Little wonder many coloreds are 
skeptical of tbe ANCs nomadal ide- 

Dgy of African nationalism will re- 
place (he old one of apartheid. 

The National Party, reaching be- 
yond its white base, has proved adept 
at manipulating these fears. In an 
aggressive and dirty electoral cam- 

paign, party agents have spread ru- 
mors that blacks will 

i will occupy colored 

hones after the election, and distrib- 
uted a comic book, later banned by 
tte doctoral commission, riaiming 
(hat an ANC slogan was “Kill the 
Farmers! Kill the Coloreds!” 

wave of black affirmative action;^ 

rial, because voting for the ANU 
means “aixroting & dark swfc of 
ourselves and admitting we are Ala- 
can," as a colored ANC kado" said. 

A similar dynamic is at wort m 
the 800,000-member Indian com- 
munity, where the National Party 
has attracted minority support. 

To fight apartheid, the ANC chose 
to erase differences — to espo use a 
nonracialism that did not address 

ethnic identity. You were a South 
African, a comrade in Ite struggle. 
Your ethnicity was a. private matter. 

While subsuming racial and ethmc 
identities has teen critical in narn- 
nriring Nad hatred of whitesand im 
encouraging recondfiation, ref using 
to acknowledge the immenwpower 
erf ethnic identification is a failure of 
vision and strategy. 

In its battle against apartheid, tbe 
ANded liberation movement de- 
nied ethnicity to such an. extent that 
now, as tte govemment-in-waiting, it 
finds itsdf conceptually unable to, 
resolve tte dtemmas that face 
it, as the Jess of tte colored vote 
shows. Tte ANC couldn’t very wdl 
add ress colored fears while denying 
tte existence of a colored race. 

the ANC prevails over Inkatha in 
Natal, as seem likely, no parly will 
find it easy to govern tte region now 
that Chief Buthdezt has summoned 
up the ethnic bogeyman. ■ 

Whether ethnic identity in Sooth 
Africa dates to precotooial times or 
is the product of 'apartheid is ulti- 
matdy irrelevant The harsh truth is 
tins; Many South Africans — Zulus, 
coloreds and whites — will embrace 
a rail to ethnic lc^alty over the ANC 
vision Of a brave new world. 

South Africa remains a. .battle^ 
ground dm which contesting vaaons 
of the past — and thus' contesting 
rails to ethnic and racial loyalty — 
are fighting for tte upper hand. 

As tire new government struggles 
to force a democratic, nmhiracialiia- 
tion, it will have to deal with tte 
troublesome reality that the past of- 
ten exerts a stronger -gm than tte 
future. It mil have to find a way 
to ensure that “multicuhuralism” — - 
a term once used here as a euphe- 
mism for apartheid —doesn’t remain 
a dirty word, 

Mr. Gevisser writes for Tbe Week - ' 
tv Mail and Guardian in Johannes- 
burg. Re contributed (his comment to 
The New York Tones. 

From His Killer, a Wrenching Look at Aldo Moro’s Final Days 

N EW YORK — One of tte most dramatic 
events in postwar Italy was the kidnap- 
ping and murder of Aldo Moro, the five-time 
prime mmister, by the Red Brigades in 1978. 

Like the Kennedy assassination’s hold on the 
American psyche, the Moro case haunts Ital- 
ians. A book just published in Italy seems likely 
to deepen the phenomenon. 

Although the key terrorists were captured 
and convicted a decade ago, the case is far from 

By Robert Katz 

Rome’s refusal to negotiate 
with his captors teas called 
courageous. But Moro 
proceeded as if he suspected, 
less honorable intentions . 

closed. A fourth trial is now unfolding in Rome 
and three more judicial inquiries are trader way. 
They reach beyond die defunct Red Brigades, 
probing government miatowfa in tte Moro af- 
fair ana criminal activity by civilian and mili- 
tary intelligence agencies. In one inquiry, Gtu- 
lio Andreotti, prime minister at tte time of tte 
kidnapping, faces murder charges in tte death 
of a journalist investigating tte case. 

Mario Moretti, author of the new book, “Red 
Brigades: An Italian Story ” is among the 20 or 
so ex-members of tte Red Brigades serving life 
sentences for tte assassination. 

Breaking a silence since his arrest in 1981, he 
speaks as tte mastermind of the crime. The 
terrorists* leader, he seized Mr. .Moro from 
among murdered bodyguards on March 16, 
held him captive 54 days, was tbe only person 
to talk with inm the whole time, then killed him 
on May 9 with 1 1 bullets in the chest 

His manuscript has been closely guarded by 

tte publishers since October, when parts of his 
cocfesaonof tl 

i of tte ktQing became known. (A copy 

of the text was given to me in Rome.) Most 
striking is bis introspective rendering of his expe- 
rience at the core of a wrenching predicament. 

Mr. Moro, in a series (rf letters, spoke out 
almost daily. Acknowledged as his country’s 
greatest political mediator, he conducted an 
impassioned war of words, with his life in the 
balance. Rome’s staunch refusal to negotiate 
with tbe terrorists was seen worldwide as re- 
flecting exemplary courage, but Mr. Moro pro- 
ceeded relentlessly as if fie suspected less hon- 
orable intentions, targeting his party, die then 
all-powerful Christian Democrats. 

Mr. Moretti begins his account with an ad- 
mission that he found htmarif in an arena for 
which he was not 
excerpts that follow.) 

“We didn’t know a thing about how the 
power game is played. Moro taught me to 
understand it a little, clarifying what immedi- 
ately became his battle against his party, the 
battle that in the aid he would lose. We were on 
opposite sides, but we worked together. 1 would 
pass along some information, a newspaper, all 
he would need was a few tfraaik- often a mere 
remark, to grasp what was going on. This was 
his universe, and be knew it to perfection.? 

What surprised the Red Brigades most was 
bow quickly the hard-liners coalesced in an 
uncharacteristic united front 

As for Mr. Moro: “At first Moro was sur- 
prised, then incredulous, nonplussed, then irri- 
tated, but always crystal dear in his thinking. 
He was convinced that the hard-line bloc would 
be broken if the C hristian Democrats would 
make the first move. Moro was the miracle 
worker of Italian politics, even in this circum- 
stance. This was Moro as we had never known 
him. and we discovered many tilings about him. 
Here was naked power, bared as never before. 
His friends and his party might not agree with 
his position, but how could they ignore it?” 

Giufio Andreotti’s government, however, de- 
cided from the very first of Mr. Moro’s letters 
that they would be Created as extorted and “not 
morally imputable” to turn. 

Mr. Moretti goes on: “Sure, be was motivat- 
ed by his dire situation, but that was only part 
of iL He explained to me that tbe hard line was 
something alien to his nature, and he believed 
that the same was true for the [Christian Demo- 
crats] ... He described the party as a compos- 
ite of special interests held together by thrust 
and counterthrust, every dedaon taken by a 
series of small compromises. In short, a contin- 
uous negotiation on everything. So why 
shouldn’t it he that way this time?’ 

Bill Mr. Moro’s letters were countered by 
reinforcement of the bard line. Govecumeot- 
hired experts said that he was tortured and 
wrote under the influence of mind-ahering 
drugs. Mr. Moretti says that Mr. Moro thought . 
that Ins party had been neutralized “by some- 
one or something.” 

In the end, Mr. Moretti wrote, the Red Bri- 
gades were ready to release tte prisoner; even 
without negotiations. 

“We had wanted to demonstrate that we 
could attack the D.C. and make our accusations 
known. In tins we had succeeded. A solution 
could have been found —if it were wanted. We 
would have been content with mere words, but 
those were the words no one wanted to say. 

“When Moro saw the affair moving toward 
its inexorable conclusion, be wrote yet another 
letter (effing [tte Christian Democrats] that he 

i in tte govennnent were 
ris men, the minister of interior his friend, and 
not a angle one of them lifted a finger tohdp 
him, or made tte slightest move to step forward 

from the pack. This, More could not accept.” 

did not want anyone from the party. at his 


funeral; periiaps tie hoped to at last shake some 
sense into them. At this point, he knew nothing 
could save bam. He knew he was going to die. 
Those Final words to his party were written 
from the depths of his soul. 

“Tin not trying to minimize our responsibility 
for our political chokes, but in that moment I 
felt infinite compassion for Moro. Nobody in the 
world should ever have to fed as alone as he did. 
Here was a man who knew tbe most powerful 

le, Red Brigades members argued 
for Mr. Moro’s release. Mr. Moretti makes no 
rJ«irn to have been among them. 

Their arguments, he writes, “were not unrea- 
sonable, bat at that moment nndoable. When 
we decided to carry but tte death sm trace, it 
was done with the awareness that from that 
moment forward our struggle would be one of 
desperation. I had a sense of doom. 

“Tie knew it was over. I didn’t deceive him. 
AH I told him was to get himself ready because 
we had to go out. You can’t imagine what yon 
fed. I told myself over and over that it was a 
political dunce, that it was unavoidable, that 
it was taken collectively, that we’re not the 
ones to blame for the failure to negotiate. But 
ite time for reasoning had nm out. Now it was 
the >«««* to pick up a gun and fire.” - 

The day Mr. Moro left the “people's prison” 
— a makeshift partition in an apartment in a 
nondescript part of Rome — he was led into the 
garage and slain in the back of a car. There were 
lour Red Brigade members present, none of 
whom admit ted pulling the trigger, until now. 

The central conundrum remains: Why, akrae 
among all the terrorist crimes in Itafy, was no 
effort made, to obtain Mr. Moro's release by 
force or negotiation? What tte government may 
have feared was that he had earned out a threat, 
.implied in hi&fiist letter, taleflJHScapters secrets 
that would compromise those in power. 

Sixteen years later, their deepest secret has 
become unmistakably dean a wra of corruption 

tte long-reigning power rate; including Mr. An- 
dreotti, in last month’s national elections. 

The writer is author of “ Days of Wrath: The 
Ordeal of Aldo Moro,” He contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Times. 

f A Few Are O.K.’: America’s Nonproliferation Policy Takes a Turn 

W ASHINGTON — It is dear 
that a tadt new policy on nu- 
dearjproliferation is enraging from 
die Clinton foreign policy team. 

In tte past, UJS. policy was to 
alter prevent the emergence of new 
nuclear powers or insist on a rollback 
if weapons were made. Tbe Ford ad- 
ministration was successful in the 
1970s in dissuading Taiwan from 

By William Clark Jr. 

agreement to allow the International 
Atomic Energy Agency to inspect its 
nuclear facilities. Its subsequent un- 
willingness to comply with inroection 
requests of tte IAEA and its threat to 
lw from the treaty drew stern 


continuing down the road to acqrar- 
‘ *“ty. The 

ing a nuclear-anus capability. 
Carter administration was able to do 
tte same with the Republic of Korea, 
la tte 1980s, a nation that had 
achieved nuclear weapons status. 
Sooth Africa, gave it up. 

Daring both decades, tte United 
Stales worked hard to prevent Paki- 
stan from acquiring the materials and 
equipment needed to become a nucle- 
ar weapons state. When that effort 
failed, the Bush administration cut 
off military and eco n omic aid. 

Now comes the nuclear program in 
the hermit state of North Korea. 

This case is complicated by the 
accession of North Korea to the Nu- 
clear Nonproliferation Treaty and its 

warnings from Washington. From 
tbe president down, it was stated that 
tbe united States would not allow the 
North Korean government to possess 
nuclear arms. Warnings of military 
options and preemptive strikes were 
bandied about. Threats of strong res- 
olutions in tite UN Security Council 
emanated from Washington. 

But key Asian players — Japan, 
China arid South Korea — are not 
enthralled with Washington's tough 
talk on North Korea. After tte ratter 
inept manner in which Washington 
has handled its relations with India in 
the past few months, the stage be- 
came set for an effort to tie up all of 
these loose ends. Tte first step in that 
direction was to discover that Paki- 
stan and India were on tbe verge of a 
nuclear war. 

What has changed between these 
two nations recently is not dean both 
have been nurturing closer ties with 
America. But tbe mere contention 
that conflagration is pending alters 
policy. And the stage thus becomes 
set for tte next step: modifying poli- 
cy to accept a few nuclear weapons. 

India, which denies that it has mili- 
tarized its nuclear knowledge, is said 
to have several weapons ami a re- 
search program pointing toward a hy- 
drogen weapon. Pakistan, which until 
recently was said to have two or three 
weapons, is believed to have 10 to 15. 

The South Asian picture is farther 
clouded by tbe belief in Washington 
that Pakistan has received M-l l mis- 
siles from China and the knowledge 
that India has a very visible program 
to produce the short-range Prnhvi 

which no one has sera and winch are, 
at present, nonnuclear — the choice 
was to suggest delivery to Pakistan of 
38 F-16 fighters for which it has paid 
over $600 million. Pakistan would 
agree to cap its nudear program and 
not to deploy its M-l 1 missiles. 

Since there is no proof that the 

Surely the strange folks who inhab- 
it Pyongyang have not missed the 
new “a few are OJC.” approach to 
Pakistan regarding nuclear weapons. 

Tf il m . l.j o_. . nn 

If they had. Defense Secretary WD- 
liamJreny. 1 

Pakistanis has attempted lo put nude- 
ar warheads on ibe M-l Is, it lhe^ 

missile and to develop the mtermedi- 
ri missile 

ale-range Agm missile. 

How to stop the nuclear missile 
confrontation? Here tte policy pre- 
scription takes an interesting turn. To 
stop deployment of M-l I missiles — 

The Unseemly Remake of an Old Foe 


Nixon received a prime time 
send-off Friday. Tbe U& idevi 

By Colman McCarthy 

w . television 

networks, wbcee reporters had kqpt 
vigfl outride the New York hospital 
where belay dying, flashed the death 
announcement and then, as if the 
stray were too cosmic for mere jour- 
nalists, tamed over the airwaves to 
Nixon mythmakers. Old Nixon cro- 
nies, that is. From Henry Kisringn - 
to Alexander Haig, they tried to pre- 
sent Mr. Nixon as a peacemaker, a 
forego policy visionary, a selfless 
patriot. This was not the customary 
glossing for the newly dead. The 
puttie was being treated to a contin- 
uation — an escalation — of the 
remaking of Mr. Nixon, a campaign 
to which he bad obsessively dedicat- 
ed himself for tbe past two decades. 

But Mr. Nixon left behind too 
moch of the appalling and too 
many dishonesties for his retinue to 
be allowed to mastermind this lat- 
est pretense that he was one of tte 
century’s political giants. 

Mr. Nixon was a Darwinian 
force: tte survival of the fittest 
meant the survival of tte meanest. 
Politics was competition, a form of 
no-bolds-barred inteQccmal combat 

Mr. Nixon thrived by hurting peo- 
ple, often with words and often 
enough, too, as the result of his poli- 

cies, He loathed anti-war protesters, 
labeling them “hoodlums” and 
“bums.” After the May 1970 shoot- 
ins at Kent State University, the 
father of (me of the slain students 
said, “My daughter was not a bum.*' 

Early m bis presidency, Mr. Nix- 
on was telling nis underimgs to pre- 
pare for battle. To John Dean: 
“Nobody is a friend of oars." To 
H. R. riaJdeman: “No more Har- 
vard bastards in tte White House.” 

Harvard, of course, was the alma 
mater of John F. Kennedy. 

In his memoirs, Mr. Nixon stated 
that tte Kennedy campaign “was 
led by the most ruthless group of 
political operatives ever mobi- 
lized,” They “approached cam- 
paign dirty tricks with a relish" 
i tying himself as “someone who 

had been burned by the power of 
the Kennedys and 

their money 
. I vowed* that I would never 
again enter an election at a disad- 
vantage to them — or anyone — on 

the level of political tactics. 
Prison cells w 

would be filled in the 

mid-1970s by practitioners of Nix- 
on’s dirty political tactics. 

Aside man the uncounted Viet- 
namese. Cambodians and Laotians 

killed because of Nixon-ordered 
bombings in 1969 and early 1970s, 
tens of thousands of American lives 
were sacrificed because of a domes- 
tic Nixon policy. In 1970, his trans- 
portation secretary, John Yoipe, or- 
dered U.S. automobile companies to 
install hfe-ssviag airbags into cars. 

Lee laoocea and Henry Ford went 
to the Oval Office to complain to 
Mr. Nixon. Jn a secretly taped ex- 
change, tbe president joined tte ex- 
ecutives in blasting Ralph Nader as 
a corporation-bating zealot who 
warned the country to return to Indi- 
an tiroes. Mr. Nixon asked: “You 
know how the In dians fived? Dirty, 
filthy, bonriUe.” Right, said Mr. la- 
cocca and Mr. Ford Mr. Nixon or- 
dered John Ehrlkhmau to take ac- 
tion on “this airbag thing.” 

He did Mr. Votpe was overruled 
and Detroitprevaiied for tte nod 20 
years. Tens of thousands of citizens 
woe killed in unsafe care during that 
time. Yet years later, Lee lacocca 
postured in Chrysler commercials as 
a champion of safety who brought 
airbags to America. 

If Mr. Nixon could be roaming 

interviews rayitefogizizig himself J 
a man of peace, why not myths and 
revisionism for his pais? 

Washington Post Writers Group 


them, and since until recently aQ sce- 
narios regarding Pakistan's nudear 
program ted the F-16 as the delivery 
vehicle of choice, it is not surprising 
that India reacted negatively when tte 
plan was leaked to the press. 

The recent trip to India and Paki- 
stan by Deputy Secretary of State 
Strobe Talbott shows how difficult 
the problem is to resolve. Both rides 
rejected tte proposal. While the cur- 
rent plan will probably not survive, 
the effort has had the positive effect 
of opening discussion of a subject 
long frozen by distrust 

The downside, however, is tte shift 
in U.S. policy. It is not possible to 
move in one area of proliferation and 
not have a reaction m another. 

Recently, we have seen a shift in 
the U.S. stance regarding tte North 
Korean problem. Ratlra than the 
stiff resolution that had been prom- 
ised from the Security Council, the 
United States settled for the pre- 
ferred Chinese version: a rather tame 
statement from the chairman, with 
no whiff of sanctions, and a six-week 
time frame to revisit tte issue. 

„ spelled it out for them on 

his return trip from the states of the 
fanner Soviet Union: “Our policy 
right along has been oriented to try to 
keep North Korea from getting a sig- 
nificant nu dear-weapon capability. 

Dearly, tte United States, long tte 
roost determined opponent of new 
nudear states, has backed off. Not 
only that, it has backed off in one 
case that it had fought for years and 
another case involving a state with a 
track record of terrorist actions. ! 

Who then will tell Iraq, Iran and 
Libya that they too cannot force their 
way into (he nudear dub? Who then 
wifl tell the large number of scientifi- 
cally trained people abroad in the 
world with tbe knowledge to bufld a 
bomb, that they cannot sell that fh 
knowledge to the highest bidder? 
Who then will credit the United 
States with the determination to pick 

and choose among those who may or 
rnaynot develop the " " 

_ — — i ultimate c_ 

er? This new direction may wont well 
to lake a few of the current difficult 
problems off the table. It may in the 
end do more damage than good. • 

The writer is a former U.S. assistant 
secre tary of state /or East Asian aid 
Pacific affairs. He contributed das to 
the International Herald Tribune. 


1894: From Welsh Pews 

LONDON —The Home Secretary in 
the House of Commons yesterday 
[April 26] introduced a bill to termi- 
nate (he establishment of the Church 
of England in Wales and Monmouth- 
shire. The Government held that in 
Wales tbe Church of England was the 
church of a comparatively small mi- 
nority, and tl was associated in the 
minds of tte bulk of tbe Welsh peo- 

by the country, the American troops 
of occupation be withdrawn, that 
the military courts be abolished, 
that marshal law cease to be applied, 
and that in a general way a stop be 
put to “all the acts of violence of 
which Haitian citizens have to cotn- 
plam at the hands of the American 
military authorities.” 

pie with injurious and h umilia ting 

1944: La Prensa Silenced 

memories, and was a symbol, not 
national unity but of national dis- 
cord. Tbe date of the proposed dises- 
tablishment was January 1. 18%. 

1919: Haitian Protest 

PARIS — The members of the Hai- 
tian colony in Paris, who protested 

against the armed intervention of the 

States in tte home policy of 
■' July 1915. 

the Republic of Haiti, in 
have just sent an address to Presi- 
dent Wilson, asking that in view of 
the perfect order and quiet enjoyed 

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay — [Frran 

2L N T^ J Y , or ! c President 

General Edelimro J. FarrdTs military 
55®* loda y (April 26] “La . 
rrensa, leading newspaper in Ar * 
gcntina and one of the outstanding 
papers of the world, thereby doing 
■vte I no autocratic militarist or group " 
M mihtansts in Argentine hrstay 
w H 311 da red to do. At 1 o’clock tins 
as “La Prensa" was prepafr 
“8 tu.go to press. Farrefl did iL Police 
oaxipira the building and laid xmon 
frau presses thefirst 
oi&cial hand witch has ever alraced 
Argentina’s greatest newspaper. 

... - 

ii w ,tcn 

> 1 il- ‘ , 


s * :< 

tf* j: *■ 


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jflSU 1 * 1 : 
jiiiw* "-’T 

ijjc ra. ; r ■ 


dtac pn -rL-. .-- 

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reran*'' i' ,v r 

all uiirr* 'he r ■ 
jn2 vu' ihi - • 
linen: 1 ’ : 
me ?r. 

pt*t iTij hjT,'? 1 - 


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nous recent. - > 
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Page 7 

' 1 inalDat 

: I 

\ ] iikt 1 - 

Is the War in Bosnia Another Holocaust? 

N book, Richard 

would noi hi Wnl | CS ^ iai ^ siege of Sarajevo 

,£SL baSf^ l 3 ^ l0ns 825 il did bad ** 
cSaS J^s MuShnJS 13111 P redo, “ to “ u y 

wiSS SfdiSJ!- 5 ? ^ P ubUshed « bw 
IhaonVti?* 01 *“* deMh * *1* subsiancc of 
Each tinJ?K U ? ent *? uole ^ m the press. 

Thfmau^ is^S , ™ B * lic surTound was dar - 

dn^H^S- 5 in "Beyond Peace- (Ran- 

aom House) is important. Far more irnpomm 
are the quesuons u leaves hanging. ^ 

raav A,! an . 0lh f r Holocaust? Are those who 
moved too slowly ip save the Muslims o r their 

1 know chroniclers of the 

holocaust who want to help 

Muslims but believe that 
Holocaust comparison 
distorts history and morality. 

state, or who opposed military intervention — 
particularly the Jews among them — as guilty 
as those who turned away from the slaughter 
of the Jews by Nazis? 

These questions have been hovering in the 
minds and writings of some Americans who 
successfully demanded U.S. military interven- 
tion. Certainly some of us who opposed it, 
including myself, think often of them. 

I know chroniclers of the Holocaust who 
warn to help the Muslims but believe that the 
Holocaust comparison distorts history and 
morality. Sadly, some are unwilling to speak 
up for fear of being thought insensitive or 

B y A. M. Rosenthal 

arrogant. But the questions, raised directly 
or by innuendo, or subconsciously, should 
be answered. 

Whatever his intent, Mr. Nixon was hardly 
disingenuous. He knew that the world rarely 
pays attention to victims of civil war or atroc- 
ity, whatever their faith. 

As be wrote, Christians were being killed by 
Muslims in the Sudan and Armenia. Muslims 
by the hundreds of thousands were murdered 
not by Hindu or Christian or Jew but by their 


own MusUm governments in Syria, 
staa, Iraq and Iran. Haitians are murdered by 
their police, and Africans left tribal enemies 
rotting in streets. Neither the United States 
nor the United Nations sent armies to help 
the Jews when the Arab slates fell upon new- 
born Israel. 

I respect Richard Nixon's fortitude after 
disgrace, some of his foreign affairs concepts 
and his ability to draw and profit from 
the intellectual and negotiating power of 
Henry Kissinger. 

But Mr. Nixon himself was the great pro- 
moter of Communist China, the government 
that has been trying to annihilate the existence 
and memory of Buddhist Tibet through inva- 
sion, occupation, mass murder, torture, im- 
prisonment. deportation and eviction by Chi- 
nese colonizers. U was unbecoming of him to 
sermonize on neglected victims. 

Nevertheless, whatever may be going on 
elsewhere in the world cannot be an excuse if 
Bosnia is in fact the Holocaust again. The 
Serbs have behaved so disgustingly that it 
sickens the heart to insist on the differences. 
But il must be done, for without them there 
would be no decern course but for the West to 

go fuDy to war, ground troops and all. In 
Bosnia, the Muslims declared a new nation. 
They knew that this was likely to bring war 
with those fellow Bosnian Slavs who were 
Catholic or Orthodox and who feared living 
under Muslim sway. 

The war is not theology- based. But genera- 
tions of religious differences did produce 
neighbors who had separate visions of the 
world, God, themselves and their future — as 
in North cm Ireland, Tor instance. 

Into this civfl-edmic-religious war came 
military intervention for the Bosnian Serbs by 
Serbia, and Western political intervention for 
the Muslims — without which the new state 
could not have survived. 

For their viciousne&s and broken cease-fires 
the Serbs are paying in international respect, 
and are forfeiting consideration of their case. 
But peace cannot be made without them, as 
they arc parties to the war. However unforgiv- 
ably brutal, the war in Bosnia is for control 
of government and territory. 

In Germany, the Jews did not want to live 
apart, bad no arms, declared no independence, 
asked for no land. All the poor fools wanted 
was to live among Germans, and breathe. 

The Germans did not make war against a 
Jewish army or regime, or demands, for there 
were none. They amply wanted to exterminate 
every Jew, because be did breathe. 

The Holocaust was not a civil, ethnic or 
religious conflict but a methodical effort to 
annihilate every Jew in every land. Peace was 
never possible because there were no sides. 
There was just the gas chambers and those put 
to suffocation. 

So, need it still really be said? The Holo- 
caust was not a war of any kind. It was a 
Holocaust, you see. 

The New York Tunes. 

Private Police Forces 
In a NoirSo-Free Land 

By Richard Reeves 


Georgetown the other 
night, after dinner and gossip and 
talk of the politics of theday. four 
of us stood on the steps waiting 
for one of Q Street's “Special Po- 
lice" to come and escort guests 
home one by one. The fust “offi- 
cer." a private guard for the peo- 


pie able to pay fees of S180 a year, 
arrived wearing a sort of flak 
jacket marked “SECURITY “ to 
walk with one of the city’s better 
known correspondents to her 
house a block away. 

At the same time in Los Ange- 
les, although I did not know it 
then, my wife was standing in the 
street waiting for one of the blue 
and yellow patrol cars of our $71- 
a-month-per-family private po- 
lice force. Our alarm was blasting 
into the early California evening 
and she did not worn to go into 
the bouse alone. 

And in Chicago, at the Robert 
Taylor Homes, real police, the 
kind paid Tor by taxpayers, were 
denied court permission to 
“sweep " through the 16-story 

high-rise projects in the hopes of 
finding some of the guns used to 
fire at least 300 shots and kill 
three children the week before. 
Too bad for the folks living there, 
most of them black, who cannot 
afTord private protection like the 
good white burghers of Geotge- 
town and West Los Angeles. 

fn Chicago, a federal judge 
named Wayne Andersen ruled 
against 5.000 Robert Taylor resi- 
dents who had signed petitions 
calling for weapons searches with- 
out warrants specifying the type 
and probable location of each gun. 
The idea of the sweeps was chal- 
lenged by four Robert Taylor resi- 
dents represented bv the Ameri- 
can Civil Liberties Union. 

The judge was right, of course: 
That is the law. He said that he 
understood that Taylor residents 
believed that the Chicago police 
could not protect them. But 
Americans cannot waive their 
constitutional rights to security in 
their own homes — security 
against the government, that is. 

It has only been in the past few 
years that many Americans have 
come to the sad conclusion that 
the government (the police) can- 
not protect them. New Yorkers 


B* HENli a Litahr Z^rhar iSAgartwrl CffW Sadm. 

got it first — late in the 1960s, as I 
recall. Big dogs, multiple locks 
and chains, mercury vapor street- 
lights and jail bars on windows 
were aB early police-substitutes. 
If your apartment was burglar- 
ized, as mine was in 1972, the 
cops politely informed you chal 
they did not investigate crimes 
where the value of stolen proper- 
ty was less than SI 5 ,000. 

When my car was stolen that 
same year in Greenwich Village, I 
was told by the police a couple of 
weeks later that it was abandoned 
under the West Side Highway. 1 
said I would come up to the Pre- 
cinct House, but a sergeant told 
me there was no need for that. 
They did not pick up stolen cars 
— and by the lime I got uptown, 
the car had been stolen again. 

You got used to it —and devel- 

oped the “second skin" that char- 
acterizes New Yorkers. We 
learned that there was no use re- 
porting anything to the police, 
unless an insurance company de- 
manded police records before 
paving out anything. 

Los Angeles, where I lire now. 
and where the most common sell- 

E rejection device seems to be 
uying a gun. is the most under- 
policed major city in the couniry. 
It has fewer than 10,000 offiem. 
fewer than 800 on the streets and 
roads at anv one time — “pro- 
tecting” milli ons of people over 
hundreds of miles. 

So you have to hire your own 
protection. If you can afford it In 
the land of the not so free, police 
protection is no longer a right, it 
is a privilege for the privileged. 
Universal Press Syndicate. 


Give the UN the Means 

Local conflicts keep erupting 
around the world, and with incredi- 
ble savagely. They can rarely be 
terminated from within a country, 
but need help from the outside. The 
time has come for the creation of 
an international force to deal with 
these problems; it will hare to be 
more effective than the ones we 
have seen at work in Somalia, Bos- 
nia or Rwanda. Despite its recent 
failures, the United Nations, with 
its mix of troops from all cultures, 
still offers the best means of carry- 
ing out this land of mission. It 
urgently needs to be strengthened 
and given broad powers to restore 
peace and human rights quickly 
and effectively anywhere: 



The United States had an embar- 
rassing moment at the United Na- 
tions recently when it couldn’t find 
the money to finance the necessary 
number of peacekeepers in Bosnia. 
Peacekeeping, like war, is expen- 
sive, but 1 think 1 have a solution. 1 
propose that the five permanent 
members of the Security Council 
agree to a resolution that would 
establish a sun ax on all of their 
arms sales abroad. The revenue 
would go to subsidize UN peace- 
keeping operations and give the 
United Nations the greater lever- 
age it needs around the world. 


Richmond, Virginia. 

f Do It Yourself Prisons 

1 have been following with inter- 
est vour coverage of the efforts of 
the U.S. Congress to make a dentin 
crime in America. The huge amount 

of taxpayers’ money spent on the 

incarceration and education of those 
who are involved in crime could be 
better justified by the setting up of 
work camps where the inmates grow 
their own food, make their own 
clothes and in general fend for 
themselves with tough supervision. 
Inmates also should be required to 
attend “scfaooT to learn to live 
peacefully on the outride and to be 
self-sufficient once released- Cod- 
dling rriminak does not work. Edu- 
cation will get the job done, but only 
if it is a “do it yourself" program. 


Obersteigen. France. 

'SdundBer* and Troth 

Regarding “ 'Schindler' Gets Cod 
Reception From Muslims” (April 8): 

The wily cogent question to ask 
about this movie is, does it repre- 
sent a “truth" as unbiased thinkers 
understand it? From decades of im~ 
ressons, readings and exposure to 
,tory, my answer is yes. 


Manchester, Connecticut 

Let the ’50s [ Shine, . 

Regarding “ 'A Darker View of the 
'50s on a Desperate ‘CarouseC " 
(Opinion. April l) by Frank Rich: 

Probably the reason Lincoln Cen- 
ter audiences begin crying as soon as 
they hear “You’ll Never Walk 
Alone” has less to do with the sensi- 
tivity to continuing social injustice 
than to a realization that what they 
are listening to is a good example of 
what popular music used to be, and 
to yet another reminder of how rick- 
enmgly American culture has been 
debased since the “oppressively sun- 
ny" years depicted by the writer. 


Dakar, Senegal 


Pack your suit. 


Your bathing suit 


i ’ 

that is. 

the peninsula 


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hjternQfionaf Herald Tribune 
Wednesday, April 27, 1994 
Page 8 ' 


Betty Buckley as Norma Desmond in the revamped musical thriller at the Adelphi. 

Domid Cooper 

By Sheridan Morley 

International Herald Tribune 

L ONDON — At one of the many 
awards ceremonies of the fast few 
days, Tom Stoppard announced that 
his new play ‘‘Arcadia” would go 
dark for a few weeks before moving from the 
National to the Haymarket: “We are dosing for 
a period of reflection," be noted, “but the really 
revolutionary thing is that when ‘Arcadia' re- 
opens, it wiU be exactly the same as before.” 

The reference was, unmistakably, to “Sunset 
Boulevard,” which, after a highly publicized 
layoff, has now reopened at the Adelphi. In 
truth, its rewrites have been somewhat overstat- 
ed: We have one new song, some useful trims in 
the dialogue, a slightly revamped ending and a 
set that is now black-and-white Wilder as op- 
posed to the original Hockneyesque hues. 

We also have a new Norma Desmond in 
Betty Buckley, who lacks the original mad-diva 
charisma of Patti LuFone but has a brisk road- 
show efficiency about her, which guarantees 
that the show doesn't come to a standstill every 
time she rings. The only real problem is that, 
unlike JLuPone’s rendering, this Norma is pa- 
tently a survivor who. instead of holing up as a 
red use when the talkies arrived, would almost 
certainly have gone into something sensible like 
real estate and lived happily ever after. 

Similarly, the new Joe GiDis (John Banow- 
manj also seems considerably better adjusted, so 
that we now have a brisk musical thriller, vastly 
less grotesque than the original and stDJ bearing 
only occasional traces of alteration to the 1950 
movie by Billy Wilder. Brighter, shorter and 
sharper, less of an oratorio and more of a drama, 
it has more energy than before but still remains a 
version of the screenplay with added songs, rath- 
er than a fuDy-fledged musical in its own right. 

StiQ, as BtGy WDder himself once noted, if a 
thing ain’t broke, why fix it? 

“All the songs we once sang to our girls 
driving back from Thames-side pubs oo hot 
summer nights” was how the playwright John 
Whiting once described the nostalgia of Noel 
Coward, but for my generation he might as well 
have been writing about Julian Slade and 


Sandy Wilson. Before Lloyd Webber, nry chil- 
dren, before the chandeliers and the dancing 
cats and the helicopters, there was already such 
a thing as the British musical and sometimes it 
even thrived cm Broadway. “The Boyfriend" 
was one such: two years there, about four in 
London and along the way it made stars of Julie 
Andrews and Mwioent Martin as weD as a lot 
of money for the Players, the Victorian music 
ball under the arches of Charing Cross where, 
rather uncharacteristically, it had aQ started. 

Then “The Boyfriend”^ began to go horribly 
wrong: a Ken Russell movie and a catastrophic 
Old Vic revival Of a decade ago tried to blow the 
show up to contemporary p roportions and 
thereby destroyed it utterly. Now, joyously, we 
have it bade at the old address and u its 
original minuscule shape and size. Wilson’s 
affectionate parody of the 1920s musicals is, 
like Rnttigans “French Without Tears” (also 
set in a Nice Brushing school) a perfect period 
piece, and its score, ranging from the achingly 
romantic “A Room in Bloomsbury” to the 
splendidly comic “Never Too Late to Fall in 
Love,” is one that any composer of the '20s 
would have been proud to acknowledge. 

Though nothing in Wilson’s later career ever 
rivaled bis original success (a fate that also 
overtook Julian Slade), this loving, careful res- 
toration by Maria Charles is a sharp reminder 
of what we gave up in order to achieve a 
blockbuster, exportable British stage musical. 

At the handsomely restored Theatre 
Haymarket, Sr Peter Ustinov is back with 
own particular and peculiar brand of solo show, 
one that consists of himself, a large blown-up 
photograph (also of himself) and a stool on 
which he perches somewhat precariously to tell 
us the story of his life and assorted anecdotes 

In that “An Evening With Peter Ustinov” has 
no real script or shape or director this is a 
courageous turn, not unlike a television talk 
show from which someone has wisely removed 
the bost So, Sir Peter is left on ms own to 
delight us: like my late father, Robert, he comes 
from a generation of gentlemen actors who saw 
their roles as entertainers and hosts rather than 
educators or instructors, and what he does is to 
ramble around his education, childhood and 
Hollywood years, carefully selecting those 
memories that best lend themselves to anccdot- 

Thus we get a wondrous account of the Holly- 
wood director Michael Curtiz, who appeared to 
speak no known language, not even his own: 
then we get Mervyn LeRoy”s instructions to 
Ustinov on how best to play Nero in “Quo 
Vadis” (“I kinda see him as a gny who plays with 
himself nights”), and best of all the d) ing Gener- 
al Franco, awakened from his final coma by the 

palace. “It is your children, father” explained his 
distraught daughter to the Generalissimo, “your 
people, the people of Spain: they have gathered 
to say good-bye.” Franco thought about this for 
a moment “But where,” be inquired with his 
dying breath, “are they going?” 

Other nations would have already declared 
Ustinov a National Treasure: We have always 
been as uneasy about him as we always are 
about men of genius who can speak many 
languages and have foreign- sormaing names. 
Still, at least we managed the knighthood. 

Return to Origins for 'Ariadne 

By David Stevens 

Inttmoaonol Herald Tribme 

L YON — In recent years opera house 
directors and scholars, each for tbezr 
own reasons, have often returned to 
the original versions of works known 
p rimari ly by tile composers’ afterthoughts and 
corrective surgery. Verdi’s “Macbeth” and 
“Don Carlos” are famous cases, and Pucdnfs 
“Madama Butterfly” is another. 

“Ariadne anf Naxos," the third of the col- 
laborations of Richard Strauss and Hugo von 
Hofmannsthal is another case in point, and the 
Lyon Opera has gone back, at least for inspira- 
tion, to the original 1912 version — a curious 
m palga m of spoken and sung theater along with 
a shot gun marriage of serious and comic opera. 

Ori ginally , Strauss and Hofmannsthal had 
though t of a small-scale thank offering to Max 
Reinhardt for having staged “Der Rosenk&va- 
lier” the year before. The poet translated into 
German a truncated version of “Le Bourgeois 
Gentilhomme” arid the composer supplied the 
incidental music (as Lully had for Moubre). To 
replace the Turkish extravaganza of Molifcre's 
final scene, Strauss was to write a mini-opera 
ming ling comic and serious elements. 

Bat the mim-opera grew to a single act of 75 
minutes, preceded by a substantial play, beyond 
the means of Reinhardt's theater, so the premiere 
finally took place in Stuttgart (Reinhardt stag- 
ing), but that and a couple of other productions 
were oot successes. Putting together two casts, 
actors and singers, is hard enough, and the result 
did not appeal to perhaps separate audiences for 
spoken ana musi cal theater. In the end, Hof- 
mannsthal wrote an original operatic prologue, 

centered around the new and appealing charac- 
ter of the Composer. Strauss set it M music a™ 
simplified the original opera, and this had its 
pr e m iere in Vienna in 1916 in the uastoo by 
winch it is universally known now. 

In going back to J9JZ Lyon engaged the 
German actor, director and occasqnal singer 
Ernst Theo Richter to adapt the original pro- 
logue for a French audience, stag it and play 
M. Jourdain. The result was a skillful cat-and- 
paste job if not great theater, reducing the 
action to M. Jourdain and his music, dancing, 
f- " ‘ 

snorana Carmen Fuggiss. whose sdwdule was 
report^ as follows: 

Olympia in Hannover Day Z Amdne” (rer- 

soti 912) dress rehearsal m Lyon, pay 3. 
“Ariadne" (version 1916) performance m Mu- 
nich; Day 4, premiere in Lyon. 

Besides being a lot of work and travel, tins 
meant switching back and forth between two 
quite different versions erf &rbinetta , fc bijs ooL- 

arrival of the singers hired for the opera- The 
spoken fines were reduced to a monologue in 
daman by Richter, a larger than life comic, a 
scene in French in which the very severe maltre 
tk philosophic (Pierre Bianco) tries to teach 
Fren qfr vowel sounds to M. Jourdain (who for 
this production is presumed to be Viennese), 
and the dinn er, which M. Jourdain eats alone 
while a bead waiter ecstatically recites the com- 
position of each dish (a scene that neither 
Motifae nor Hofmannsthal would recognize). 
Kent Nagano found room in this for all of 
Strauss’s incidental muse, and he coo ducted 
this and the opera with alert precision. 

Karl Ernst Herrmann and Hartmut Schftrg- 
hofer’s set, a lavish salon into which was rolled 
a huge crustacean object for A riadn e to perch 
on, and Jorge Jara's costumes moved the scene 
from the I7th century to circa 191 1, to no 
particular Richter lavished most of his 
ideas on the prologue and pretty much let the 
opera fend for itself, although one clever touch 
was the late arrival and hurried costuming of 
the tenor as Bacchus. 

The unexpected excitement in the opera was 
when Sumi Jo, the scheduled Zerbinetta, be- 
came DL She was replaced by a yoong German 

androMe acrobatic to the stifl fleshly, 
difficult second version. Fbggissacfed and sang 
.pertly and looked cbannmg m a Louise 
Brooks/Lulu hairdo, and did not miss my of. 
the stratospheric notes, which is already saying 
quite a bit — although apparently not enough 
tor one lusty booer upstairs. 

M ARGARET Price sang Ariadne 
with ample tone, if blandly, and 
Robert Scburik plowed strongly 
but unsubtly through Bacchus's 
I foff s Ariadne’s three ladies and Zeririnetta’s 
four commedia ddT arte companions were all in 
expert bands. One attraction of the eariifir ver- 
aon is the ending, with Zerbinetta and the 
canedians dosing the opera with more witty 
aspersions as the mythical lovers disappear in a : 
doud of mistaken identity. 

Incidentally, the nonsuccess of the Brat ver- 
sion was not a total loss. Hofma n nst h al revised 
Iris translation, got Strauss to add more inciden- 
tal muse, and it was given as a play, “Der B&ger 
als Eddmano,” in 1918 by Reinhardts Berlin 
theater. Strauss that took nine of tbe instrumen- 
tal numbers and compiled his Opus 6G suite, 
co n rt pf frmg the premiere himself in 1920. And 
Lyon promises a recording of this production, 
which will certainly be one of a kind. 


The- comedians try. to amuse Ariadne in the Lyon Opera's new production of Strauss 9 ** Ariadne auf Naxos. 

A Workaholic Screenwriter 

By Bernard Weinraub 

New York Times Semn 

Bass arises each day at 3 
A.M. in his sprawling 
home in Brentwood ana 
starts to write in his loose-leaf note- 
books. And write. 

Bass writes 12, 14 hours a day. 
On weekends he takes a break and 
writes only eight hours daily. 
Three, four, even five movie scripts 
are in various stages of completion. 

“If someone says Tm a compul- 
sive workaholic or Tm doing it for 
greed or Tm just grinding them out, 
they're absolutely wrong," said 

Bass, co-author with Ai Franken of 
the drama “When a Man Loves a 
Woman,” which opens on Friday. 
“Tm doing it because I love il 
A nyone who says firings like that 
should just look at my films.” 

Those films include “Black Wid- 
ow,” “Sleeping With the Enemy” 
and “Rain Man,” for which he and 
Barry Morrow shared an Academy 
Award. Most recently he wrote tbe 
adaptation with Amy Tan of her 
first novel, “Tbe Joy Luck Club.” 

Some may find it unusual that 
many of his scripts are for so-called 
women’s pictures. What he brings 
to those firms, however, seems to be 
less a particular sensibility toward 

Take a break 

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women than an ability to shape 
stories concaved by others. 

Now the Walt Disney Co. — and 
Bass — are hoping that “When a 
Man Lores a Woman” will be ac- 
claimed as highly as “The Joy Luck 
Club .” The new film stars Andy 
Garcia and Meg Ryan as a couple 
whose seemingly happy marriage is 
strained to the breaking point by 
the wife’s alcoholism. 

The story is a bleak one and 
something of a tough selL 

Bass said that his longtime friend 
Franken, the actor and writer on 
“Saturday Night Live,” had come 
to him years ago with tbe notion of 
a comedy about alcoholism. 

“It was really about co-depen- 
dency,” said Bass, who was once 
Frankens lawyer. “The point was, 
you always see movies about sub- 
stance abuse through the eyes of 
the abuser. Tbe idea was to do 
something about what it’s like to be 
married to someone like that.” 

Needless to say. the idea of a 
comedy was quickly shelved. For 
years, the script was one of Holly- 
wood's more popular unproduced 
movies. Bass said what consumed 
him about the film was that it was 
less an account of alcoholism than 
a contemporary love story. 

“Alcoholism was just the crisis 
that happened to this particular 
marriage," be said. “It could just as 
easily have been about someone 
getting cancer or losing a job or the 

death of a child or any land of huge 

Bass, 52. grew up in Los Angeles, 
the son of a stockbroker. Severe 
childhood illness — high fevers, 
stomach pains, respiratory prob- 
lems — left him bedridden for 
years, beginning when he was 3. 
After age 11. the illnesses suddenly 

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6 p in-lam, exepi Sunday. 

with two daughters, 
aged 14 and 10, Bass was a success- 
ful entertainment lawyer when he 
turned to screenwriting full time in 
his 40s. As midlife crises go. this 
one has definitely been lucrative. In 
just a few years, Bass has emerged 
as one of tbe most successful and 
prolific screenwriters in (own. 

His legal training, he said, has 
had an impact on his current ca- 

An amazing 17 of his projects are 
in various stages of development, 
which leaves many other screen- 
writers incredulous. On fius partic- 
ular morning, he had already been 
on the phone and fax wiib Terry 
McMillan, with whom he is writing 
the adaptation of her novel “Wait- 
ing to Exhale.” 

Bass is also working on the up- 
date of the classic “Laura.” prepar- 
ing Tor a research trip to Europe, 
arranging to discuss a movie about 
the founding of the International 
Red Cross and talking with execu- 
tives about a new film on tbe life of 
Mao Zedong. 

On the Set With Zhang Yimou 

By Thea Klapwald 

G HUN CHOU, China — It was oo . 
the Chinese eastern seaboard of 
Shandong Province that tbe Fifth 
Generation director Zhang Yimou 
chose to set the stage for his latest film, “To 
Live.” The very fact that Zhang built a set in 
the town of Chun Chou was unusual, as the 
director favored shooting in dosed environ- 
ments, such as houses or compounds. 

Despite this subtle warning that “To Live" 
would be different from his other films, it still 
came as a great surprise to bear that Zhang 
had chosen a story erf epic proportions for his 
next movie. Considering mat small, intimate 
(ales had brought China’s foremost director 
into his current position, tbe change was 
almost as dramatic as the story itself. “To 
live” is a tale of one family's struggle to keep 
body and soul together during tbe turbulent 
limes from the 1940s to the 1970s. 

As with his past films, the beautiful actress 
Gong Li stars. Zhang discovered her, 
launched her career and uses her exclusively 
as his leading lady. Playing her screen hus- 
band is Ge You, who gained international 
attention with his role as an opera aficionado 
in Chen Kaige's “Farewell My Concubine.” 

Even before shooting began, the film 
proved different. Foreign distribution rights 
were presold — a first Tor a Chinese film — 
and commanded more money than Zhang's 
previous hit, “Raise the Red Lantern ” The 
movie was earmarked Tor the Cannes film 
festival from early on. 

Although it is expected to moke a huge 

splash at Cannes, skeptics have said that the 
similarity between it and “Farewell My Con- 
cubine,” the 1993 Palme <TOr co-winner at 
Cannes, is a hindrance to its winning the 
same prize. 

For Zhang, comparisons to anyone dse’s 
movies do not seem to bean issue. He is much 
more concerned with the changes taking 
place within his own oeuvre. 

“When you choose a different kind of sto- 
ry. it demands a different style of shooting,” 
he stud. “The difference between this ton 
and tbe ones in the past is the emphasis on the 
characters and their relationships. It is much 
more well-delineated; it’s much more the cen- 
tral focus of the film as opposed to the events 
happening to them.” 

The change was most certainly prompted 
with his previous film, “The Story of Qiu Ju," 
which represented a dramatic departure from 
his previous work. With its documentary-like 
quality — he used hidden cameras, as well as 
nouactors — Zhang shied away from his 
trademark vivid set designs, dramatic colors 
and sweeping panoramic shots. 

“It wasn't kke falling off a precipice, exact- 
ly," be said, “but in Chinese, we have a 
saying: 'You see a person first, and then you 
give mem a certain kind of food.' In other 
words, for each subject matter, there is one 
suitable way to shoot it" 

Zhang also attributed some of his change 
to tbe very ordinary fact that he has matured 
and accrued more filmmaking experience. 
“Some of the things that used to intrigue me 
when I was just out of school don't bold as 
much of an attraction as they used to. As you 
get older, for me at least you really get more 

involved in people and their emotions, as 
opposed to how things look," he said. 

This doesnot mean that Zhang has ignored 
tbe design of “To Live.” If anything, the film 
is rich in color and beautifully shot but these 
dements do not overwhelm the story. Like 
the political events, the visuals take a back 
seat to the characters. It is clear that these 
things still take high priority. 

Not wily has Zhang beefed up (he relation- 
ship between the characters, but tbe film is 
much faster peed and funnier than any of his 
previous critically acclaimed works: “Red 
Sorghum,” “Judou,” “Raise the Red Lan- 
tern,” and “The Story of Qiu Ju.” Humor, 
Zhang finds, is crucial to the work. 

“In the past, tbe Cultural Revolution was 
portrayed in only one way — with people 
shouting slogans. I think my depiction is a 
truer representation of how ordinary people 
saw it and lived through it," he said. That is 
not to say that the film won’t be a leatjerker. 
Make no mistake about that 

By telling ihe story of what Zhang consid- 
ers a very ordinary Chinese household, he 
believes it will be more accessible to Chinese 
audiences. For a filmmaker who is used to 
having his films banned at home, this is a big 
leap. He expects that the emotions he found 
so intriguing in his characters are what will 
attract audiences, 

“I gave up a lot of prefects before I finally 
got to To LKe.' ” Zhang said. “1 am happy 
with it" 

Thea Klapwald is a Hong Kong-based jour- 
nalist who writes about arts and entertainment 


DA: A Childhood Perceived 

By Penelope Lively. 133 pages. 
520 . HarperCoUins. 

Reviewed by 

Jonathan Yardley 

I N this slender book Pend ope 
Uvdy, the author of nearly three 
dozen novels mid children's books, 
turns her hand to autobiography 
with the same depth of feeling and 
meaning that characterizes her fic- 
tion. “Oleander. Jacaranda” is an 
account of her childhood in Cairo 
and its unhappy termination with 
the divorce of her parents; more 
than that it is about how “the im- 
pervious accepting eye of child- 
hood” perceives the world and how 
in lime this unique virion is lost 
“My childhood is no more — or 
less — interesting than anyone 
dse’s.” Lively writes. “It has two 
particularities. One is that 1 was the 
product of one society but was 
learning how to perceive the world 
in the ambience of a quite different 
culture. I grew up English, in 
Egypt. The other is that I was cared 
for by someone who was not my 
mother, and that it was a childhood 
which came to an abrupt and trau- 

Livdy. an only child, was bora in 
Cairo in 1933; her father “had gone 
out to Cairo as a very young man to 
work in ihe National Bank of 
Egypt" Her parents appear bredy 
as shadowy figures in this narrative, 
presumably because they were shad- 
owy in fact. The “center of my exis- 
tence, my surrogate mother, was 
Lucy, a woman who served first as 
nanny and then as governess; 

“She was my entire emotional 
world. I tried alone with her, locked 
into a reassuring arrangement of so- 
licitude and dependence. My par- 
ents were satellite figures — occa- 
sionally stimulating or provocative, 
but of a different order. Peering 
backwards, I cannot realty see them. 
Lucy is vivid. She seems in retro- 
spect to have been ageless; 1 know 
now that she was in her thirties.” 

To today’s reader the arrange- 
ment will seem odd. but in Cairo in 
the 1930s it would have been odd 
had it been otherwise. All proper 
children of proper British residents 
of that city were reared by persons 
other than their parents. That was 
the way it was done, but it was a 
shaky reality. Lucy could leave 
wherever she wished, a dire possi- 
bility that loomed in Penelope's 
mind even if it was no more than an 
idle threat in Lucy’s. 

Other aspects of her situation 
compounded this insecurity. Live- 
ly was “significantly alone, thrown 
onto my own resources of commu- 
nication with trees and guinea pigs, 
backed up by a practiced system of 
internal fantasy ; one requires no 
advanced degree in psychology to 
conclude that this in large measure 
was the breeding ground for the, 
novels to come. 

In addition to this. Lively was on 

foreign soO. She never reaDy knew 
precisely who she was, since she was 
told that she was “English" but the 
place she called home was Egypt. 

Lively is able to bring to life "ihe 
young child's ability to focus on the 
moment, to direct attention upon 
here and now, without the intrusion 
of reflection or of anticipation." She 
well knows that those qualities are 
necessary to successful and happy 
adult life, but she also understands 

that the passage from one means of 
perception to tbe other involves loss 
as wal as gain. 

If aD of this suggests that “Ole- 
ander, Jacaranda" is lull of gloom 
and self-pity, quite the opposite is 
the case. No one who knows live- 
ly’s wise, quietly humorous novels 
could i m a g i ne that her memoir 
would be anything except forth- 

1940s is vivid and, coast'd 
brevity of the book, coo 
detailed. Her assessment 

- Ml (UIX) 

as for that matter is her a 
herself. She sees hei 
clarity as both child am 
rare accomplishment ind < 

right and witty. Its portrait of the Jonathan Yardley is on , 
Middle East in the 1930s and early The Washington Post 


The New YoATIbw 

The hst is based on reports from more (ban 
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CY. bv Junes RcdfleW 

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12 THE ALIENIST, by Caleb 

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International Herald Tribune, Wednesday , April 27, 1994 

Page 9 

JHE TRIB INDEX: 1 1 1 .86H 

280 fntemSwS?nvSShf ? 0ck lndex ^Posed of 

^y^Joomb^ r Busin , 2^ S N^j^ S ^^ s 1 countries, 

World Index 

4/26 '5 4 close: 111.36 
Previous: 111.14 

90 * ' -1< *' * ■»?.>' I ■ »■ : v - «• ' i • ■? ' 4 -'-i ■ r.V« 1 C V V 

Aporox we$ftjjng; 32 % 
dose: 12B.1D Piev.- 127.76 
150 — , 




North America 

Latin America 

The index tracks US. dollar values ot stocks in: Tokyo, Now York, London, and 
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brad, Canada, CMa, Danmark, Finland, 
Franco, Germany, Hong Kong. Maly, Mexico, Waths ria nd s , Ns* Zealand, Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Sweden, SwftzeriaxJ and Vmszueta. for Tokyo. New Yak and 
London, the Max Is conposed of the 20 top Issues In terms of marim capHofcation, 
oOterwise the tan tap stocks am tracked 

1 Indwstrin! Sectors ] 

Tua. Pm % 

efcoft dm changa 








111-84 111.65 40.17 

Capital Goods 





119.71 11952 40.16 

Row Materials 





115.85 11456 4 0.77 

Consular Goods 





11782 117.00 40.70 





For mom information abouf the Index, a booklet is available boo of charge. 

Write to Tt8> Index, 181 Avsoub Charles da Gattib, 92521 Nauty Codex, Franco. 

© International Herald Tribune 

1 .Vi 

Issued for 

Swiss Officials 
Block Accounts 

fit'll ten 

FRANKFURT — German jus- 
tice authorities issued a warrant 
Tuesday for the arrest of Jiiigea 
Schneider, the Fugitive real estate 
tycoon who disappeared three 
weeks ago and left his property 
empire to file for bankruptcy. 

Mr. Schneider owes bonks more 
than S billion Deutsche marks (S3 
billion) and (eft around 250 million 
DM of unpaid bills to contractors. 
His whereabouts are unknown. 

The Frankfurt public prosecu- 
tor’s office said the warrant was 
issued on suspicion of fraud and 
falsification of documents connect- 
ed with a loan from Deutsche Bank 
in 1992 for tbe Zeilgalerie shopping 
mall in Frankfurt. 

Deutsche Bank, owed 1.2 billion 
DM by Mr. Schneider, is Ins col- 
lapsed empire's largest creditor. 

Meanwhile, in a move to limit 
creditors’ losses, Swiss justice offi- 
cials on Tuesday blocked 200 mil- 
lion Swiss francs (J140 million) in 
bank accounts suspected of belong- 
ing to Mr. Schneider. 

“We have very good and serious 
reasons for believing this money is 
Schneider's," said Laurent Kasper- 
AnsenneL Geneva deputy public 

Mr. Kaspar-Ansennet said ac- 
counts at other Geneva banks were 
also blocked in connection with in- 
vestigations into the Schneider 
case. Some accounts were in Mr. 
Schneider's name and others held 
indirectly through people thought 
to have acted on his behalf. 

The official could not say how 
much money was in the other ac- 
counts since inquiries were being 

The bank's supervisory board, 
which controls the actions of the 
management board, will hold an 
extraordinarv meeting on May 10, 
a Deutsche Rank spokesman said. 

He said that the meeting, origi- 
nally scheduled for July, was 
moved forward at the request of the 
Deutsche Angestellte Gewerks- 
chaft, a union of bank employees. 

EU Official Urges 
A Sweeping Shift 
To f Green 9 Taxes 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — The Europe- 
an Union's environment com- 
missioner on Tuesday called for 
a massive shift in the tax burden 
away from payroll charges and 
other job-depressing levies to- 
ward green taxes, but the scale 
of the proposal was so vast it 
drew criticism from within the 
commission itself. 

The commissioner, IoannLs 
Paleokrassas, said the Union 
needed to overhaul the tax sys- 
tem to attack its long-term un- 
employment problem as well as 
to conserve scarce natural re- 
sources and achieve environ- 
mentally sustainable growth. 

To meet those two objectives, 
he said EU governments need- 
ed to shift about 20 percent of 
their overall tax burdens away 
from social security charges, in- 
come and value-added taxes 
and other levies on human ef- 
fort, as he put it, and toward 
taxes on resources, such as ener- 
gy or timber, and generators of 
pollution, snch as cars. That 
would involve shifting about 
440 billion European currency 
units (5506 Mb on) in annual 
revenue for the 12 governments. 

“That's a massive, massive 
amount of money," said one 
commission official who spoke 
on condition of anonymity. Hie 
commission's long-stalled pro- 
posal for an energy tax equiva- 
lent to 510 a barrel on crude oil 
would amount to only about 
one-tenth of what Mr. Paleok- 
rassas proposed, the official 
noted. Although the commis- 
sion has favored reducing pay- 
roll taxes and promoting envi- 
ronment-related industries, it 
has shied away from grandiose 

“If you talk in these kind of 
shock figures, you do tbe great 
arguments a disservice," 'he of- 
ficial said. 

Mr. Paleokrassas also met 
stiff skepticism from the EC 
Committee of tbe American 
Chamber of Commerce, tbe 

US, lobbying group to which 
be addressed his proposal. 

David Sears, head of govern- 
ment relations for Exxon 
Chemical International (nc„ 
said new environment taxes 
might benefit the makers of pol- 
lution-control devices, but that 
traditional industries would 
look to cut costs, which could 
hurt jobs. He added that it was 
not dear that lower payroll tax- 
es would automatically spur 
hiring. “We're not in business 
to employ people,** he said. 
“We're in business to make a 

Mr. Paleokrassas said he had 
no plans to introduce specific 
new environment levies, and he 

The proposal 
would mean 
reducing levies 
on human effort, 
like payroll and 
income taxes, by 
$506 billion 
ann uall y. 

conceded that the huge tax shift 
be outlined could take decades 
to occur. But he said Europe 
needed to start moving on such 
a plan now , 

The scale of Mr. Paleokras- 
ras* proposal highlights a key 
stumbling block to efforts to 
promote jobs and the environ- 
ment at the same lime. Mr. Pa- 
leokrassas noted that Germany 
gets 80 percent of government 
revenues from taxes on human 
effort and just 5 percent from 
environment-related levies. 

Given that imbalance, “you 
really do have to crank up the 
tax” on energy and other envi- 
ronmental items to have any 
significant impact on employ- 
mem, said an official at the Or- 
ganization for Economic Coop- 
eration and Development. 

German Institutes Expect 
An End to the Recession 

By Ferdinand Protzman 

Se*i York Tima Service 

BERLIN — Germany’s econo- 
my is beginning to rebound from 
one of its worst recessions of the 
postwar era, and a full-fledged re- 
covery should start in the second 
half of this year, the country's lead- 
ing economic research institutes 
said Tuesday. 

An upturn in Germany, which 
has the largest economy in Western 
Europe, would help stimulate 
growth among its European trad- 
ing partners. It also would ease 
pressure on Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl's conservative coalition gov- 
ernment to do more to strengthen 
the nascent global economic recov- 
ery. The United States in particular 
has urged the Bundesbank, Germa- 
ny's central bank, to reduce interest 
rates in a bid to spark growth. 

As world currency trading ended 
for tbe day in New York, the mark 
was slightly higher against the dol- 
lar. The U.S. currency fell to 1.6758 
Deutsche marks from 1.6798 at the 
Monday close. 

Rising foreign orders for Ger- 
man goods were lifting the country 
our of a recession that saw grass 

national product contract by 2 per- 
cent last year, according to the re- 
port. It cited declining inflation, 
low German interest rates, moder- 
ate pay increases to union workers 
and extensive restructuring in the 
country’s industrial sector as fac- 
tors that have improved the profit- 
ability and competitiveness of Ger- 
man companies. 

The report predicted Western 
Germany's gross domestic product 
would grow by I percent in 1994, 
while growth in Eastern Germany 
would be 15 percent resulting in 
overall German economic growth 
of 1.5 percent. 

Tbe report contained a dissent- 
ing opinion by the DfW Institute in 
Berlin, one of the six economic re- 
search groups that prepared the 
study. The DIW said it expected 
the West German economy to stag- 
nate in 1994 and growth to be a 
scant 0.5 percent for aQ of Germa- 
ny. It attributed this to declining 
personal consumption caused by a 
grcater-than-expected drop in dis- 
posable incomes. 

Tbe insii lute's predictions are 
good news for Mr. Kohl's govern- 
ment, which is faring national elec- 

tions in October. The government; 
is forecasting economic growth of 
between 1 percent and 1.5 percent 
this year. 

Growth in Germany’s M-3 mon- 
ey supply, the country's benchmark 
monetary aggregate, continual id 
exceed Bundesbank target levels in 
March, Reuters reported from 

The Bundesbank reported Tues- 
day that its M-3 measure of money 
supply grew at an annualized 15.2 
percent in March, down from 
growth of 17 5 percent in February 
and 21.2 percent in January but 
still sharply above the central 
bank's target corridor of 4 percent 

“The annualized rate of 1 52 per- 
cent in March cannot be taken as a. 
measure for developments in tbe 
rest of the year,” Hans Tieimeyer, 
the Bundesbank president, said. 
“Nevertheless, we cannot simply 
ignore these results." 

Mr. Tietmeyer warned that un- 
checked growth in the money sup- 
ply could fuel inflation and said the 
Bundesbank would not be rushed 
to lower interest rates. 

Sales Rebound for Mercedes 

Compiled by Our Staff From Bupadtes 

STUTTGART — Mercedes-Benz AG. the maker of 
trucks and luxury cars, on Tuesday reported surging 
sales in the first quarter of 1994 and predicted an 
improvement on its profit-and-loss account for the year. 

Marking a turnaround from last year’s decline in 
sales and tbe resulting loss, Mercedes said its sales in 
the first three months of this year jumped 28 percent, 
to 16.1 billion Deutsche marks (59 lnDion). 

Mercedes's chairman, Helmut Werner, said the 
company’s recovery outstripped the progress of the 
rest of the German automobile industry. 

Based oa first-quarter trends, Mr. Werner said he was 
confident tbe company, a unit of Daimler-Benz AG. 
would improve significantly from its net loss of 120 bil- 
lion DM in 1993. He predicted sales for the year would 
rise to 69 billkm DM from 64.7 billion DM in 1993. 

Daimler stock rose 1930 DM a share to 891 30 DM 
in Frankfurt 

Mr. Werner said the car division seemed certain to 
turn to profit this year, bnt that truck operations were 
suffering from the recession. Still he said, “I can say 
with a high degree of certainty that the trend in both 
divisions will print upward this year." 

Car sales by Mercedes jumped 52 percent to 131300 

vehicles, in die first quarter of 1994. up from 86300 
units in the year-earlier quarter, the chairman said. 

Riding on a strong demand for the new C-class 
models, Mr. Werner predicted Mercedes would reach 
its 1994 passenger car sales target of “well over 
570.000 cars” compared with 508.078 in all of 1993. 

The impact of the C-class's success on the bottom 
line is not as great as on the assembly line, however, 
Mr. Werner said, because the model has a lower profit 
margin than the larger E-class and S-class cars. That 
combined with unfavorable currency rates that last 
year drained an estimated 600 milli on DM in profit 
forces die company to be prudent about 1994 earn- 
ings, Mr. Werner said. 

Between Jan. 1 and March 31, Mercedes sales 
surged 34 percent to 3.1 bOlion DM, in the important 
U3. market The company sold nearly 7,000 cars in 
the United States in March, its best result for that 
month since 1988, Mr. Werner said. 

In Aria, Mercedes sales rose 29 percent to 13 
billion DM. In Japan alone, new first-quarter registra- 
tions climbed 31 percent 

The company’s annual report released Tuesday, 
said Mercedes expected growth in the U.S. market to 
continue in 1994 but that the recovery in Western 
Europe, the company’s biggest market would come 
only gradually. (AP, Bloomberg, Reuters) 


On Internet, an Ad Too Far 

By John Burgess 

WroMngttHi Pott Service 

W ASHINGTON — Traveling over the 
global computer web called the Inter- 
net the law firm’s ad flew across con- 
tinents and oceans from Phoenix, Ari- 
zona. It readied as far as Germany, Australia and 
South Africa to deliver a quay: Do you want Lo get 
a ereen card for permanent residence in tbe United 

Responses came flooding in by electronic mail 
— they numbered 35,000 within days. Some were 
polite requests for more information. But many 
were hate mail, sent by Internet users furious that 
the network’s near-sacred restrictions on advertis- 
ing were being trampled. 

One angry soul made the point by sending 8 
million characters of gibberish, a “mail bomb” 
intended by its sheer size to gum up the computer 
used by the law firm, a husband-and-wife opera- 
tion called Canter & Siegel 
How will ads fare on the information highway as 
it unfolds in the future? The Interact, moving text 
and occasionally sounds and images between com- 
puters at high sp<*d, is the closest thing today to that 
highway- What happens there may shape any com- 
ing networks thaL connect to homes and offices. 

The Internet was established as a private chan- 
nel for researchers and academics. Today, anyone 
with a property outfitted computer and the sub- 
scription fas can get on, but sentiments against 
comm ercialism remain strong. _ 

Laurence Canter, a partner in tbe Pboanx law 
firm, dismisses the critics as “people who havebad 
tbecomputer networks as their private ii Sn 
long time.” Resistance to ads is outmoded and will 

chang e- he predicted. . 

Mast analysts agree that more ads are aiming. 
Usedby roughly 20 million people worldwide. 

many of them with higher-than-average education 
and income; tbe network is simply loo templing a 
place for advertisers to ignore. Moreover, as the 
network expands, it wiB need new sources of 
income. Most companies will avoid the scaLtergun 
approach of Canter & Siegel many analysts pre- 
dict. “Mass advertising gets you hated,” said Mark 
Gibbs, a consultant who advises on using the 
Internet “It’s only for the thick-skinned." 

The network already designate electronic loca- 
tions where ads, subtle or otherwise, are accepted. 
The common trait is that the consumer must reach 
out and collect the information, rather than have it 
arrive uninvited. , 

Companies can create public databases offering 
topical information, with ads for their products or 
services mixed in. Tourist information in an Inter- 
net database in Thailand, for instance, includes the 
names and telephone numbers of hotels. 

Canter & Siegel's ad was aimed at the thousands 
of Internet bulletin boards, electronic mating 
places where people “post” messages for anyone to 
see or read. A few boards are formally designated 
as markets, generally for second-hand goods. But 
most exist for words — fact and opinion on de- 
fined subjects as diverse as microbiology. Star Trek 
trivia nnd problems of programming in a particu- 
lar computing language. 

To Mr. Canter, the Internet bulletin boards were 
an ideal low-cost and perfectly legitimate way to 
target people likely to be potential clients. Many 
Internet users are non-Americans who are in need 
of immig ration services, he said. And messages 
flow over the Internet almost for free. 

“I can’t think of any other way to reach that 
many people who have things in common without 
spending thousands of dollars,” he said. 

So the firm compiled a list of virtually all the 

See ADS, Page 13 

Case Float 
Worth About 
$500 Million 

Bloomberg Business News 

HOUSTON — Tenneco Jna, 
which labored more than two years 
to stem losses at its Case Coro, sib- 
ridiary, said Tuesday it would sell 35 
percent of tbe now-profitable farm 
and construction equipment con- 
cern in a public offering thought to 
be worth aboat 5500 rafllkw. 

Tenneco’s filing with the Securi- 
ties and Exchange Comnnsrion for 
the offering did not specify a price 
range for the Case shares. But Don- 
ato Eassey, a Merrill Lynch & Co. 
analyst, estimated the snares would 
be priced at between $20 and $23, 
to raise 5490 million to 5565 Bul- 
lion. Dana Mead, Tenneco chief 
executive, said he would not dis- 
pute estimates in this range. 

The new Case, 65 percent held 
by Tenneco, will have 51-4 billion 
to 51.6 billion of debL At some 
point Tenneco probably will re- 
duce its stake to less than 50 per- 
cent Mr. Mead said. 

Case, which had operating losses 
totaling 5878 million in 1991 and 
1992, posted first-quarter operat- 
ing income of $81 million this year. 

Tenneco stock, which rose 51375 
Monday on tbe expectation of an 
announcement, lost 37 3 cents to 
$51,875 on Tuesday. Investors may 
have been disappointed that Tenneco 
did not decide to spin off Case to its 
shareholders, said Foster Corwttb, a 
Dean Witter Reynolds analyst 

Cross R*t** 





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5 *«-5 % 





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S v,5 v. 

5V. -A 

2 *w2*v 

sex , a 


3>Wr-4 S. 

5 +w5 «■ 

5 "'-S >»k 


5 ‘*—5 

5 'A-SHi 

3 “L 

5 ■Wr5°‘l. 

2--2 1 . 

5 5 >- 

tor eootvtdentk 

one dollar. 

Pot t 







H. Zealand s 
Non*, krone 

port, escudo 
Russ, ruble 











S. Air. rand 

XL Kor. MD 

Swxt. krona 
Taiwan I 
That baht 
Tw*Ml Km 
UAE firbnm 
venex. bolfv. 










Kay Money Rates 

United Starts 
Discount rate 
Prim* rat* 
rwri hab 
comm, oopcr IN dm 
3-nKMth Treasury bill 
Wear YnmiTT bOi 
%Ytar Treasury note 
S*oar Treasury note 
7-year Treasure aete 
W-vear Treasury note 

3Wrear Treasury bond 













MerrlU LvndiXday Ready asset 101 

7.1 S 


5<A SVi 
400 9h 
Sv. Sh 
5 V. 5 *.■ 
Sk 51W 
7J7 7.04 

5X0 5J0 

5* Svw 

S4t 5 0k 

S’*. s»» 

SH 5% 
486 ASS 




SMoY »-d"V IM« 
L37B6 1J807 18825 

102.90 102.73 10255 

Forward Ratos 

™" P co-dor WW 

Currency 1 JB 9 A 

US i -« #7 

Deutsche eiorfc J”L. , m 14303 . , . 

Swiss Irene . a~nh /HnKseai.- Banco ammoreKdc uollana 

Sources: > NG Bank lA * a £H^/p a is); Bonk ot Tokyo ! Tokyo! : tuvtri Book ot Canada 

Coll money 

1-nKW** I nte rbank 
3-moolh interbank 
6-fMMtti Interbank 

ID-year Government bond 


Lora tmm rote 
Cott money 
ltnootb hrtertanfe 
Troonth Interbank 
unontfe Iqttrbo oK 
18 -year Bind 




2h 24k 
2*. 2* 




AM Mi 
5A0 440 

5VJ SVj 
445 W5 
440 • SM 
657 467 


l^aioatti imerbanh 
MMU* luterbaui 
ll-year Gilt 

InterrtHtton rote 

Cob money 

1-mcMsJb Interbimk 

MHMti interbank 
Huvn mturtwak 

'sources' Reuters. Bioomovtv. knetylll 
Lynch, Bank of Tokyo. Commerzbank, 
GmnmHMoamu, Credit L/onaatz 


Aju. pjh. Ch^e 
Zurich 37175 374^5 +IJ0 

UadM 37415 37430 + 1-30 

Hew York 37190 37430 +IM0 

us. donors per ounce London othckdH*- 
Inos: ZurKDond New Yorkopenmoondctoo- 

Ins Price* New York amen Uunel 
Source : Radars, 

Our Banking relationships 
Are Based on a strong Tradition 

T rust. Its the basic 

tradition of banking. 

At Republic National 
Bank, it’s a living tradition, as 
vibrant today as it was 500 
years ago. 

We believe we must earn 
the trust of our clients every 
day. So we dedicate ourselves to 
protecting their funds through 
all economic climates. We 
respond to their needs with pru- 
dent, carefully-crafted products 
for today’s financial environ- 

ment. And we provide discreet, 
efficient service that is among 
the most respected in banking. 

Our emphasis on trust, 
strength and service has helped 
us become one of the world’s 
leading private banks. As a 
subsidiary of Safra Republic 
Holdings S.A. and an affiliate 
of Republic New York Corpora- 
tion, we’re part of a global net- 
work with over US$5.6 billion 
in capital and US$50 billion in 
assets. Those assets continue to 

grow at a healthy pace, a 
testament to the group’s strong 
balance sheets, risk-averse 
orientation and century-old 

While many banks today 
search for new directions, we 
believe there may be nothing 
more innovative than a solid 
focus on traditional banking. 
Because trust, strength and 
service are not just values of 
the past. They’re a pathway to 

the future. 


a safra bank 

Timeless Values. Traditional strength. 

HEAD OFFICE: GENEVA 1204 - 2. PLACE DU LAC • TEL. (022) 70S 55 55 ‘ FOREX-. (0221 705 5B 50 AND SEN EVA 1201 - 2. RUE DR. ALFRED- VINCENT (CORNER 
QUAI DU MONT-BlANCl BRANCHES: LUGANO 6901 - 1, VIA CAWNA - TEL 10911 23 89 32 * ZURICH 8039 - STOCKER5TRASSE 37 • TEL iQD 288 18 18 • 






i NAFTA Nations Act 
To Stabilize Peso 

via Anoeofed %«* 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — The United 
States, Mexico and Canada on 
Tuesday announced the formation 
of a mul tibiilion -dollar fund to sta- 
bilize the Mexican peso and protect 

it from onslaughts by global specu- 

The arrangement involves the 
creation of an $8.7 billion line of 
credit for the Mexican central 

Pordyi Excha nge 

bank, with most of the money be- 
ing put up by Mexico’s (wo part- 
ners in the North American Free 
Trade Agreement — the United 
States and Canada. 

The creation of such a fund un- 
derscores the degree to which the 
United States, Canada and Mexico 
now see their economies as inter- 
twined and consider that currency 
stability is necessary for steady 
growth in trade ana investment 
among the NAFTA partners. 

The political turmoil in Mexico 
in recent months has eroded inves- 
tor confidence in the economy and 
played havoc with the peso. The 
peso stood late Tuesday at 33300 
to the dollar, slightly stronger. 
Since the first of the year, however, 
the currency is 12 percent weaker. 

This weakness has forced the 
Mexican government to raise short- 
term interest rates in order to try to 
induce people to keep their money 
in pesos. These rising interest rates 
then began to interfere with eco- 
nomic growth. 

As a result, the NAFTA partners 
decided it was time to take long- 
term steps to stabilize the Mexican 

currency. The move was an- 
nounced at a news conference in 
Washington that involved the top 
finance officials and central bank- 
ers of all three countries. The con- 
ference was called to unveil the 
creation of a consultative group to 
hamm er out economic and finan- 
cial issues affecting the NAFTA 

“To complement the work of the 
new group, Canada, Mexico and the 
United States today established a 
foreign-exchange swap facility." 
said Lloyd Bentsen, secretary of the 
UJS. Treasury. “It’s a mulbbiUioa- 
dollar reciprocal credit facility in tbe 
form of a swap. Its purpose is to 
promote orderly exchange mar- 

The swap facility essentially in- 
volves the merging and expanding 
of three existing lines of credit 
These are a $6 billion credit line 
between the United Slates and 
Mexico, an expanded credit line 
between Canada and Mexico of 
$730 milli on, and an existing $2 
billion credit line between the 
United Stales and Canada. 

The idea of such credit lines is 
that by their mere existence they are 
supposed to reassure the markets 
that the peso is backed up by plenty 
of reserves and thereby stabilize the 
currency — before any of the credit 
line actually has to be used. 

In dollar trading against other 
currencies, tbe LLS. unit closed 
lower in New York against the 
Deutsche mark and the yen. 

The dollar fell to 1.6758 DM 
from 1.6798 DM at tbe Monday 
dose, amid signs of faster German 
economic growth. The dollar eased 
to 101805 yen from 103.05 yen. 

Dow Jones Averages 

Own Hhh Low Lost Cbv. 

Indus 37TMJtt1U4UR.W3dtt.34 —UA 
Trans 1616*7 1625*2 1609.59 163**1 , KLSfi 
Utfl 199.64 200.17 197.93 1MJ9 — 1JB 
Comp 1310.51 131 1.14 13CHL23 1309X8 +JJ? 

Standard A Poor's Index— 

Hfab Low On* Ch*M 

industrials 526J0 323JT 525X4 —108 

Transp. 31&90 3034 3KS +1.14 

Utilities 16108 161.37 161J3 — 1-55 

Finance OU 6340 «LS3 — 029 

SPOT 4S&79 430M 451.87 — OA* 

SP tOO 417JB 41440 41448 -<L» 


.■ ■ # :. 1 Vvv, ■ . ..Lu" i .'SfA.i 

.'•V, M ; - 

Wiv - 

NYSE Most Actthros 

NYSE Indexes 

Hfoh Low LOT Os. 

Corneosite 2SL66 M9A9 250X1 — no* 

industrials 3C7X2 306M 3C7J6 *0M 

Trump- 253.07 2SL54 251*9 * 0*6 

UlWy 216*6 2MJS2 215*4 -1*2 

Finance 209*9 308*7 20871 —0*5 

NASDAQ Indexes 


bm asm 
ALUMINUM [Htob Grade) 
Coffers per metric Ion 
S»ot 1257*0 >258*0 

Forward 1284*0 128500 

Mian Mr metric ion 
Soot 188808 1889.00 

Forward mtOfl triton 


Donors per metric fan 
Spot 43M0 44000 

Forward 454*0 455*0 


OoUan Mr metric fun 
Spat 52Hffl 

Fcnvani ssiooo smoo 

Dalian Mr metrician 

SOT S32M1 ICniMUl 

Forward 538400 539000 

ZINC (Special KMh Grade! 
Mian ear metric tan 
teat 909*0 911*0 

Forward 93100 93300 

Prey ta w 
Bid Ask 

126300 126*00 
128900 129000 

1896*0 189708 
msoo >91908 

44800 44100 
455*0 455*0 

532400 533000 
*38300 539000 

91600 91700 
93800 93900 
















104597 7 
54248 59 
41938 7% 
*0381 17 
35096 54V. 
25773 31 
25518 46% 
25153 24% 
2*846 118k 
21304 59V. 
19685 5716 
19679 34% 
19*55 50% 
19062 23% 
18966 50% 







HM Law LOT Chs. 

73479 731*0 73379 -+2JH 
761*5 75901 761*5 +3*0 
688*2 685*8 60*7 +M5 
891*4 88440 888*5 +2*5 
901*4 900.10 901.17 +1J7 
741*3 73677 740*3 +4*9 

AMEX Slock Index 

HUi Low LOT an. 

438.20 *35*7 438*0 --7.73 

Dow Jones Bond Avenges 

NASDAQ Most Actives 

20 Bondi 
io Unimex 
10 industrials 





1 nfels 




MK Rail 


Oracle s 












+ 1% 








+ % 

20 % 


20 % 






20 % 



— % 




+ % 







+ % 




— % 




— 1% 



22 % 


22 W U 



NYSE Diary 

AMEX Most Actives 

Rally in Bonds Helps 
Blue Chips Hold Gains 









VOL Wgh Low LOT 
27280 1*4 IV 14 IVk 
11604 54* 446 5 

S 23 35% 35% 35% 

19 Wto 10% 10% 

<201 y-Vu 3% JVu 
4144 25V* 24% 25 

4021 26% 26 26% 

3870 45%, 45V u 451%, 
3336 -Ofe 4V„ 4% 

3313 7% 5% 6% 













Now Lows 



AMEX Diary 









Total fesuas 



Now Higtis 


Now Lows 




Total Issues 
New Laws 

1707 1710 

1367 1355 

1915 1917 

4989 4990 

57 43 

107 84 

Complied by Our Stttff From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — Bond prices 
rallied Tuesday and helped blue- 
chip stocks bold their recent gains 
after the Labor Department report- 
ed the smallest quarterly advance in 
workers’ compensation since 1986. 

U.S. Stocks 

The surprisingly mild increase 
left this broad gauge of inflation at 
32 percent above its level a year 
ago, tbe best performance since the 
government began compiling tbe 
cost index in 1982. 

As bond prices rose, the yield of 
the benchmark 30-year Treasury is- 
sue fell to 7.10 percent from its 
dosing at 7.15 percent on Monday. 

Bond prices rallied on the labor 
index, lost their gains when the Con- 
ference Board announced an unex- 
pected jump in consumer confi- 
dence for April, then rallied again. 

“Businesses have got their costs 

under control and won't be under a Market Sales 
great deal of pressure to push ^ 

through price increases.'’ said Rich- 
aid S. Peterson, drief economist for JJyse mm 

Continental Bank, Chicago. Nasdaq 2*4.14 

In the stock market, the Dow ,nnUUIons - 
Jones industrial index fell 6.24 _______ 

points, to 3,699.54. Tbe index had 
risen 57.10 points on Monday. I f r 1 \ I *2 
Volume rose to 287.99 million 
shares on the Big Board from Continued!) 

262.24 milli on shares on Monday. a 7 percent ^ 
but dealers said that some traders ^Peter Const 
My have Wdtadi became major al Fleminj 
VS, markets will be dosed on f ijeulet5 . 

WednKday to oteerve a tey of BAT alread be 
mourning for Richard M. Nixon, ^ u.S. market, 
who died last Friday. third-laigest cigan 

Tobacco stocks gained afta- « the country tout 
was announced that Bntam s BAT of Brown AWilliai 
Industries PLC had agreed to pay jndude KenL Ko 
SI billion m cash for American viceroy. 

Tobacco Co., a division of Arneri- j n ,^^4 |] 

Can Brands, which rose 2% to 34%. tfihnrcn entnmnie 

For invOTfmenf M ar m eH n ii 

ovary Saturday in the IHT 

DEAL: BAT Places $ 1 Billion Bet 

(NYT, Bloomberg, AP) 

Combined hum Page 1 
a 7 percent market share in the 
U.S.," Peter Constable, an analyst 
at Robert Fleming Securities, told 

BAT already held 11 percent of 
the U.S. market, ranking as the 
third-laigest cigarette company in 
the country through its ownership 
of Brown & Williamson. Its brands 
indude Kent, KooL Barclay and 

In recent years the big American 
tobacco companies have aggres- 
sively sought to lessen their depen- 

dence on tobacco. The industry 
leaders, Philip Morris Cos. and 
RJR Nabisco Holdings Cor \, now 
have major businesses in * food, 
through General Foods and Na- 
bisco, as well as in in beverages. 

But all branded products, in- 
cluding food and drink, were hand 
hit last year by Philip Morris’s deci- 
sion to cut the price of its flagship 
Marlboro cigarette brand in an at- 
tempt to reclaim lost market share 
from the discount brands. That 
move produced reverberations 
throughout the branded products 


HID Low Cfe* Change 


SOWN -ata arm per 
JM 94*2 94*6 94*8 +0*1 

SOP 9433 9436 9428 +0*3 

DOC 9387 93.78 *3*1 +0*3 

MOT 93*5 93*6 93*8 +0*1 

jun 92*4 92*3 92J7 +002 

SOP 92*8 9228 9231 +0*3 

DK 92*4 91J6 91*7 +0*2 

Mar 91*8 fOB 91J3 +M2 

JM 91.53 91,47 91*0 +0*3 

Sap 91X3 91*4 91*1 Unch. 

EMC 91J6 91.19 91*1 UlKh. 

MOT 91.13 91*6 91*6 Unch. 

Eft, valwne: 52*50. open ML: 487.180 

11 mOTea • pta of Ha pci 

JOB 95*3 95*1 95*2 Unch. 

9476 HM MX +8.03 

DK 94*7 «4*6 96*8 +0*7 

Mar N.T. NT. 9406 +0.W 

im U.T. N.T. 93*2 +0.11 

SV N.T. N.T. 9161 +0.11 

EsL volume: 105. Own lirt.: UL13B 
bMfmllliQn-ptf at no pci 
J n 9676 M72 94*4 +0*2 

Sap 94*8 94*3 94*5 + 0.03 

DOC 94*0 9473 9477 +0*3 

Mar 9473 9467 9470 + 0.02 

Jan 94*0 9444 9447 +0*3 

Sap 94*9 9621 9426 +0*5 

DOC 94*6 9400 9406 + 007 

Mar 9191 93*3 93.90 + 0*7 

Jffi3 SB 9375 93.75 + BUM 

Sap 98*7 9364 9366 + 0*7 

Dec 9155 raw ra** +0*7 

Mar 93X7 93X3 93x6 + 0*7 

Estvetuim: 19X131. Own ml.: 958,100. 

00*10 - pt> A 32Mb Of 100 pd 
Jan 107-11 106-01 106-26 +0-17 

Sap N.T. N.T. 106-00 + 0-20 

Est. volume: 91*32, Onen hit.: 139*63 
DM 350*00 - pts Of IM pet 
Jan 9452 9178 *426 +0*1 

Sep 94*6 9X50 93J7 +056 

Est. volume: 224*31. Open mi.: 164*97. 


Hlaft Low LOT Sett* Cnvo 

U^SoanOT- motile tea-lets of 110 ton 

JM 152.73 151*0 151J5 151*5 -025 
1 NX "ot ,J N*? infl +ala 

SSr ^ Its S3 

DOC 16025 159*0 160*0 160*5 +1*0 

Jot 16025 moo 160*5 1MU5 +075 

Fab N.T. N.T. N.T. mM +035 

Alar - N.T. N.T. N.T. 156*0 +025 

Est. volume: 142B4 . Open kit. 97.972 

US-dolfeMpar aarr a Hetiof LBOOttarreli 
JM 15*7 15X4 15L54 15*4 —029 

JM 15*9 15*1 15*7 15*8 -026 

AM 1560 15*6 15*5 15*5 — OjB 

Sep 15*5 1525 UL35 15*6 — 0*7 

S3 1SSZ 1524 1524 15*6 - 0.11 

Nov KM 1SJ7 15X0 15X0 —Oil 

Dec 1565 15*6 15X5 15.43 —Oil 

JOP N.T. N.T. M.T. 15X4 — ttlt 

Fab N.T. N.T. N.T. 15X8 —01! 

Est. volume: 37*69 . Open Ini. 157*24 

industry, catling into question the 
intrinsic value of even some of the 
world's most cherished brands. 

On Tuesday, BATs plan to ac- 
quire American Tobacco boosted 
its own shares on the London stock 
exchange. Philip Morris and RJR 
shares were higher on the New 
York market 

BAT, too, has spent billions of 
dollars in recent years on non to- 
bacco acquisitions, including of 
Farmers Group, the big U.S. insur- 
er. BAT also owns the British insur- 
ers AiHed Dunbar and Eagle Star. 
Its profits from tobacco continue 
to dominate, however, fn 1993. 

Stock Indexes 

Hlptl LOW ClOM CtePOa 

a is n «x ssj ts 

Est. volume: 11*38. Open W.S 5X571 
Vtatu futures nrhxs wenootanik stde Tut* 
Her doe to problems or the source. 

Sources; Merit, Associated Press, 
London Ian Fbwnclal Futures Exchange, 
tnrt PetMevm Exchanoe. 


Compopy Per Amt Par 




Banc-Fst Otilo2 for 1 split. 

PPG Indust 2 for 1 spill. 

Vlkfefl OtflwPdcts 3 far 1 spin. 


U.S. to Finance x 

Of Flat-Panel Display S creens 


Am Brands 
PPG indust 
Schonoa p towan 

0 JO 5-10 W 

g *6 5-10 6>10 

21 54 5-31 


Partech HaMlraa : I -for -3 ravana OTlt ra- 
partec le a terdov has not been dectareP by 
awnpa n y . 


JMC Graua 


Liberty Bmp - 1*0 5-12 5-20 


Paopfes Heritage _ .125 54 5-13 


Executive Rbk 
Manpower One 
Western Non 

_ * MS HI 

. *5 5-26 6-14 

, .15 M 5-1B 

- *4 5-11 6-1 

O .10 5-26 6-16 

Q .19 5-26 6-10 

a xa 54 ,64 

a *9 5-27 6-30 

a JZ S-6 3-2? 

Q S Ml MI 

0 *4 5-18 6-1 

- *3 5-11 6-1 

Q 21 6-1 7-1 

Q 25 6-1 6-18 

. *5 5-W 5-2B 

Q JM 3-9 5-23 

8 .W 5-13 5-37 

■US 6-10 7-1 

O *55 5-4 5-18 

a 27 5-20 6-18 

Q *4 5-27 6-10 

0 25 5-10 6-1 

a XI 56 6-10 

8 .13 56 5-17 

*5 5-6 £-16 

. .10 5-4 5-15 

BOTH); p p a rab le In Canomao turn Is; m- 

Spot Commodities 

Aluminum, lb 
COffee, Brat, lb 
Copper electrotvilc. lb 
Iran FOB, Ion 
Lead, lb 
Steel (scrap), tan 
Tin, lb 

Zinc, lb 

Cctiifa offerings of securities, financial 
services or imresa in seal estwe published a 
All a c w ip apa am not imhoiiOT la cotaln 

" r Jftli 4 Iran , n, — 1,1 1 A ilia 

ja* P4UQnxn in wdicd me mcutCDorai nemo 
Tribune is dbsrfbnlcd. jpebdhg ike United 
Slates of America, and do not constitute 
offerings of Hcmbka. lerricr* or intgesa b 
these jnrisdlctiaai. The ln t t n mk»« l Herald 
Ititm aiBiiiucji oo f n pniftfty vlinorw 
fa sey al v niiiea ic uti tor offering! of ny Und. 

BAT posted operating profit of 
£1.9 bmioo, £1.1 billion of which 
came from tobacco. 

Analysis calculate that the debt 
that BAT will take on to make the 
American Tobacco acquisition will 
cost it somewhere between $50 mil- 
lion and $70 millio n a year. For 
that expense BAT win, if the deal 
mns approval from U.S. anti- trust 
authorities, get a business that last 
year posted operating profit of 
$169 nulMoxL 

It is perhaps true that the record 
tobacco industry profits achieved 
in 1991 and 1992 will never again 
be seen in the United States, as 
many analysts say. 

Americas that has limited itseT 


U.S. Consumer Confidence Surges 

NEW YORK (AF) — Consumer confidence in the US.exxmamy 
iumwd in AwU to die highest level in nearly four years, buoyed by rag 
busmeTSndidons and job opponmn has, a wtdely 

TcSS* York-bffied ^dih; 

index of consumer confidence rose to 91.7 in ^)ril,.up 5 
March and up 24 points from the same month a year ago. the index uf. 
now at the highest level since a 101.7 reading in July 1990. 

New York Futures Exchanges Merge 

NEW YORK (AP) — Members of New York’s two largest futures 
exchanges have voted to merge, creating one of the world s hugest - 
exchanges for trading commodities such as gold and oiL 
The New York Mercantile Exchange and the Commodity Exchange 
Inc. said the combined exchange would be controlled by the board and 
the executive committee of the mercantile exchange. The merger requires 
approval by the federal Commodity Futures Trading Commission. ^ 
Comex will become a subsidiary of the mercantile exchange, but the 
names of the exchanges will remain the same. The mercantile exchange. . 
offers trading in crude a3. beating oil, unleaded gasoline, natural gas, 
pla tinum futures and options and propane and pall admin futures. Comex ? 
offers trading in gold, silver and copper futures and options. ■ . . • - 

USX Net Jumps on One-Time Item 

NEW YORK (Knieht-Ridder) — USX-Maratbon Coro, said Tuesday 
its net earnings smgedto$110 million from $8 million m the comparable; 
1993 period, helped by a one-time gain from adjusting the way it values; . 
its inventory. , ' 

The paiiy of $90 miTiiVm, also came from the sale of some production . 
jiyyts. Sc company said. Sales for the quarter fell to $2.7 billion from. $3 - 
billion. - 

The company's oil refinin g operations earned $97 million in the- 
quarter, upfrom $32 milli on in the 1993 quarter, aided by lower crudeoE 
prices. But the drop in crude prices hurt the. company’s 03 exploration 
and production sector, which earned $17 million, down from $71 oriQmn 7 
in the year-earlier period. 

Capital Cities Profit Nearly Doubles 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) —Capital Cities/ ABC Inc. said Tuesday io; : 
firet-quarter earnings almost doubled from a year ago, helped by improved 
advertising ai the ABC television network and the broadcast of the - 
Academy Awards. In 1993, die Academy Awards broadcast aired in ABCs : 
second quarter. The company posted net income of $1 16.1 million, wfaSeL- 
revenue rase 19 percent, to $1.18 Whoa. The company said total broadcast- ; , 
lug revenue rase 21 percent from die comparable year-ago quarter.- > v : 

For the Record 

Watt Disney Co. said strong performances in its home video and ’ 
consumer products divisions helped its net income rise 16 percent, to j 
$248 5 rnflhon, in its second financial quarter. (Bhonib&g) 

Eastman Kodak Co. said efforts to reduce costs led to a 26 percent gain 
in first-quarter profit in its three core businesses: nna g in g ^ information 
and health. Overall, first-quarter net earnings were $82 million, reverang 
from a foss of $2.02 biffion in the 1993 quarter. (Kmgtl-Kidder} J 

PepsiCo Inc. said a one-lime Charge for accounting cliangds shaved ' 
about 4 percent from its fust-quarter net profit, taking it to $250.8 million - ■ 
on revenue of $5.73 billion. (AFX) '■ 

FUEps Petroleimi Col said its profits more than doubled in the first 
quarter, to $127 million, because weak crude oil prices meant lower costs 
for supplying its refineries. .(AP) 


Vfe AmdatH Prim 

Soaian Season 
Kfeh Low 

Opw Wi Law C torn Che (Mat 

n XB 10*76tav95 11*7 11*5 11*2 

11X3 KL57JM95 

II M 1IL5>Oc593 

llS ieJMMfa-96 11*5 025 1125 

Eir.OTeS 28*82 AWiSOto 25,186 
Mon's opened 109271 ad 1205 
COCOA (NCSE) wmwnc+n-iiMrkn 
1165 TO Jul 94 1115 1118 1095 

1377 1020 Sop 94 IMS 1146 1123 

1389 1CM1DOC94 1185 1MB 1145 

083 1 077 Mar 95 Wtt 1218 HI* 

Moo 1 080 Mav 95 1090 1100 UU 

1407 )223JulvS 1360 1360 050 

I3J0 1375 Sa> 95 1Z7S 1275 1275 

1437 1305 Dec 95 1315 1315 H97 

1385 1372 Mar 96 1350 1350 1350 

US 1233 MOV 96 1238 7243 1ZD 

Est. safes 7X64 Man's, safes 5*06 
Man’s open Int 80284 u> 123 
13800 ITOOMayM 99.75 HOXO 99 JS 
13500 10023 ASM HOOD 10120 10120 

13450 10400 Sep 94 105X0 10500 1D53S 

iJuw mtstmu r«w» mas mx : 
moo 10150 Am 95 WOO 10UD WWB ’ 
12425 1 0600 Mar 95 111*0 111*0 1WJ5 1 
11250 112*0 Mav 95 

Ad 95 

Sap 95 1 

Est. safes 2*00 Moa'AKfes 2M8 
Man's open W 22226 up 474 

*006 2275 
♦0L06 » 

—17 38227 
—19 13X97 
-17 MB 

-18 399 

-18 2 
—15 5*01 

-0X0 3*66 
+0LB 13271 
*0X0 2274 
+0JS 1214 
+025 2.171 
+025 610 

♦ 0J0 
- 0*0 

.Jr ^ ij ’ 1 1 

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Marria ge Video Style: 
STT1T and Bell Atlantic 


Cooped by Our Staff From thspwehes 

and other market! J 10 lud * 

^Aiialysts said lire deal could be 
beneficial to both compaS 0 f 
fermg Bell Atlantic an 
foothold in the expanding&^o^! 

an interactive television busing 
while providing STET. Iialys 
state-controlled telecoramunica- 
uons giant, a powerful partnel i n 
potentially lucrative video services 
combining phone lines and tetevU 
sion. 1 

Die companies refused to dis- 
cuss financial details of the transac- 

services envisioned 
art: those enabling customers to use 
a telephone and television link to 

tnovics and conduct transao- 
uons such as paying bills or buying 

Sf’Tiw??*- A 1651 is a^ded 

November bouschoWs ® Ita ty “ 

e-SHLS* 1 ** rose 210 lire, to 
j ^53.88) in Milan, while late in 
the day on Wall Street, Bell Atlan- 

JSL™* 5 were dowo 50 cents ’ al 

The first pan of the agreement 
w “* allow BeD Atlantic to purchase 
up to 49 percent of Servizi Multi- 
Intcra itivi SpA, or 
STREAM. STEDs interactive mul- 
ti media services group. 

STREAM will develop TV ser- 
vices and provide programming in 
ilaiy, then expand into other coun- 
tries su ch as A rgentina and Greece 
*'here STET is also established. 
STET, or Sod eta Finanziaria Tele- 
fonica per Ationi, is Italy’s tde- 
co mm unications holding company 

and is 53 percent-owned by the 
state industrial holding company 
Istituio per la Ri cost nizi one Indus- 
trial e, known as 1R1. 

BeD Atlantic provides phone ser- 
vice in the United Stales for six 
East Coast stales and the District 
of Columbia. 

“While it’s starting fairly small. 
BeD Atlantic’s move outside the 
U.S. with interactive media has the 
potential to be vety large,” said 
John Culver, a telecommunications 
analyst with the Duff & Phelps 
brokerage house in Chicago. 

The Italian government has ap- 
proved a sweeping restructuring of 
the country's telecommunications 
sector which will group STET with 
IRI’s other telecommunications 
subsidiaries under a new company, 
Telecom Italia, by the end of Sep- 

(AP. Bloomberg) 

Question Is: What Did Shell Sell? 

Bloomberg business News 

fiiitoS'Si Group said W 

■ °f an Asian asset would mean a 

wtndlal 1 Tor us second-quarter earnings. Bui the 
world s largest oil company would not sa y exactly 
with tire buy&^ c ' l * n 8 a confidentiality agmsnent 

Royal Dulchf Shell said the sale would increase 
earnings by £350 million <$525 million). 

'D*® S rou P °oe of its operating companies had 
"disposed of a nonoperating asset in the Far East," 

. ..J! rori . 1 toe is about 12 percent of the $5 
billion u 1993 net profit for the group, which is held 
60 percent by Royal Dutch Petroleum Co. and 40 
percent by Shell Transport & Trading Co. 

Jon Barn den, a Shell spokesman in London, said the 
company had disclosed as much about the asset sal e as 
it had to under London stock exchange regulations. He 
said Royal Dutcb/SbeD had signed a secrecy agreement 
with the purchaser, and thus would not what 

was sold, who purchased it, the price or the dale of sale. 

In London, Shell shares closed up 3 pence at 728 
pence a share. In Amsterdam, Royal Dutch Petroleum 
Co. shares finished up 2JS0 guilders at 207.50 guilders 
($109.90) a share. 

Mr. Barnden said the sale did not involve (he 
troubled Shows Shell Sekiyu refining and marketing 
operation, a Japanese joint venture company, which 
was hit by a SI billion loss from currency trades last 

Some analysts speculated that since it was described 
as nonoperating, the asset in question may be real 
estate, or an undeveloped mine, oil or natural gas field. 

Royal Dutch/ Shell has assets scauered around the 
Far East, from an oil exploration company in Vietnam 
to a lubricants business in Taiwan to chemical plants 
in South Korea. It does business in China, Japan. 
Laos, Brunei, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Ma- 
laysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. 

“There is a lot of money and assets in this group that 
have yet to come out," said Peter Spring, an analyst at 
Henderson Crosthwaite Institutional Brokers. 

ADS: Internet's Commercial Tolerance Has Its limits 

Continued from Page 9 

bulletin boards in the world. It cre- 
ated special software that sent the 
ad to roughly 6,000 bulletin boards. 
Transmission took just an hour and 
a half on Monday night a week. ago. 

The ad informed people that the 
United States was about to conduct 
a lottery to issue 55,000 permanent 
resident visas. People responding 
to the offer of free informs lion re- 
ceived a six-page description and 
an offer by the firm to handle the 
paperwork, Mr. Canter said. 

But posting a message that is off 
a board’s subject is a serious breach 
of network etiquette — and adver- 

tisements are particularly unwel- 
come. The offense is sure lo get the 
perpetrator and anyone viewed to 
have helped out showered with an- 
gry messages, or “flamed,” in die 
Internet argot. 

Jeff Whedbouse, system admin- 
istrator of Internet Direct, a Phoe- 
nix company that Canter & Siegd 
paid for Internet access, said he 
arrived at work last Tuesday morn- 
ing to find hundreds of messages 
takmg his company to task for al- 
lowing the ad to go out 

Other messages were Hooding in 
to the law firm, so many, Mr. 
Wbedbouse said, that Internet Di- 
rect’s computer crasfaed.more than 

a dozen times. On the grounds that 
the film had abused its privileges, 
Mr. Wheelbouse revoked Camer & 
Siegel's account. “They took 15 or 
20 years of Internet tradition and 
said the bell with it," he said. 

But mail kepi arriving. Internet 
Direct stored almost 30,000 mes- 
sages on magnetic discs, Mr. 
Whedbouse said, leading Canter & 
Siegd to threaten the company 
with a lawsuit if the messages were 
not turned over. 

Out on the net, thousands of 
people were outraged, though here 
and there was grudging respect for 
what was seen as the firm’s diaboli- 
cal thoroughness. - 

Banesto Offers 
Branch System 
For Santander 

Bloomberg Businas News 

MADRID — Banco Santan- 
der, which became the largest 
bank in Spain by buying Banco 
Espafto! de Crfcdito SA, will sell 
the troubled bank's industrial 
assets but keep its retail busi- 
ness intact, Emilio Botin, the 
president of Banco Santander, 
said Tuesday. 

Mr. Botin said the combina- 
tion would redefine the Spanish 
banking industry by giving San- 
tander the domestic profile it 
has lacked because of its focus 
on international investments. 

“The purchase of Banesto 
was a historic opportunity Tor 
us,” Mr. Botin said. “If we had 
not made (his deal, within three 
years, Santander would have 
been stronger outside of Spain 
than at home. We would nave 
been more of a merchant bank 
than anything dse.” 

San lander, which receives 
more than 42 percent of its 
profits from foreign invest- 
ments, on Monday paid 313 bil- 
lion pesetas ($2 billion) for a 
73.45 percent stake in Banesto, 
which had been the founh-larg- 
est bank in Spain until its near- 
collapse in December. 

“Banesto is worth what we 
paid for it yesterday," Mr. Botin 
said, adding that the acquisition 
offered a “unique opportunity.” 

Santander outbid Banco de 
Bilbao- Vizcaya and the state- 
controlled Argentina to gain 
control of Banesto. 

The purchase turns Santander 
into Spain’s premier bank hold- 
ing company, with assets of 
17.06 trillion pesetas, 3,588 
branch offices and a combined 
diem base of 4.5 million people. 

“This operation has rewritten 
the map of Spanish banking,” 
Mr. Botin said. 

A spokesman for, 
which submitted the lowest bid 
in the competition, said it 
would continue to look for oth- 
er investment opportunities for 
the 270 billion pesetas it cur- 
rently holds in excess liquidity. 

“If the auction were to be 
held again tomorrow, we would 
have Bid the same p rice for 
Banesto,” said Manuel Bueno, 
a spokesman for Argentaria. 

Like Santander, Argentaria 
has few retail branch networks, 
with only 1,500 in the country. 

so the fit with Banesto might 
have been better for it than 
Banco de Bilbao- Vizcaya. 

"BBVs bid was more defen- 
sive — to keep market share — 
than anything else,” said Mar- 
iano Cohnenar, an analyst at 
Barclays de Zoete Wedd in Ma- 
drid. “They will have now to be 
more aggressive and take ad- 
vantage of Santander's being 
busy coping with the merger." 

He said he thought BBV 
would concentrate on develop- 
ing new products to take mar- 

This operation 
has rewritten the 
map of Spanish 
banking . 11 

Emilio Bolin, 
president of Banco 

ket share away from Santander. 

But other analysis said there 
was more to the Banesto sale 
than the issue of retail 

“The theme of extra branches 
is not sacred,” said Juan Cueto, 
at Madrid-based Ibersecurities. 
“Argentaria is getting into tele- 
phone banking and other ways 
of selling products. Huge 
branch networks mean huge 
fixed costs.” 

Investors apparently shared 
that sentiment, sending San- 
dander shares down 7.8 percent 
Tuesday, to 5,710 pesetas. 

As part of the purchase 
agreement, 13.45 percent of 
Banesto’s shares were bought at 
the nominal price of 400 pesetas 
each. They will be resold to 
shareholders at the same price, 
leaving the final cost to Santan- 
der of 280 biSion pesetas. 

Pan of that cost will be paid 
with an 89-bilB on-peseta rights 
offering in Banco Santander, 
for which a prospectus was filed 
Tuesday with the National Se- 
curities Commission. 

Mr. Botin said that while San- 
tander may eventually sell part 
of its slake in Banesto; it would 
retain at least 40 percent, or 10 
percent more than is required by 
the purchase agreement 

Spur Profit 
At Hoechst 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dupatrha 

FRANKFURT — Hoechst AG, 
Germany’s largest chemicals com- 
pany. said Tuesday that profit rose 
16 percent in the first quarter and 
full-year earnings would rise for the 
first time in die current decade. 

Analysts said the larger-than-ex- 
pected profit rise provided evi- 
dence the recession-bit chemicals 
sector was recovering. Hoechst said 
improved business abroad and the 
effect of cost-cutting programs in 
previous years had caused the im- 

Pretax profit rose to 506 million 
Deutsche marks (5301 J million) in 
the first quarter, up from 436 million 
DM in die corresponding period last 
year and considerably above ana- 
lysts’ forecasts ranging from 475 
million to 495 million DM. 

Sales climbed 10 percent in the 
quarter, to 237 milli on DM, with 
foreign sales climbing 13 percent 
and domestic sales rising less than 
1 percenL 

Wolfgang Hilger, the chairman, 
said at the annual meeting that 
profit should improve this year 
even hough more spending’ on 
structural measures would be nec- 

The company's profit has fallen 
each year since 1989. It tumbled to 
429 million DM last year from a 
high of M7 billion DM in 1989. 

Mr. Hilger, who is being suc- 
ceeded as chairman by Jdrgen Dor- 
mant!, now finance director, said 
the economy had started to pick up 
in the last few weeks. “The main 
impulses are coining from abroad 
and from all indications they will 
continue," he said. “It will be ex- 
ports that bring Germany out of 

Hoechst shares closed Tuesday 
at 346.50 DM, up 1130 DM. Rivals 
BASF AG and Bayer AG posted 
similar gains with Bayer scheduled 
to issue first-quarter profit 
Wednesday and BASF on Thurs- 
day. (Reuters. Bloomberg) 

■ Akzo Nobel Profit Surges 

Akzo Nobel NV announced that 
profit rose 30 percent, to 281 million 
guilders ($148.68 million), in the 
first three months of 1994, its first 
quarterly report since Nobd Indus- 
trier AB was acquired by Akzo in 

February, according to an Associat- 
ed Press dispatch from Amsterdam. 

The company said that winter 
storms in the United States and 
Europe boosted sales of Akzo salt 
operations, a major producer of 
road salts. Sales rose 9 percent, to 
5.78 billion guilders, in the quarter. 

Investor’s Europe 

Frankfurt ttonoon • 

DAX . •;;> , Frse 300 Index . ; CAC 40 < 



; • • \ : .> > *.. • <Z.y Ctasftf v • pharige 

' Amsterdam .cA£X - '!/! v~. 


HMte? ¥*iEX 

■■ ■ * • . «■ »» 


; StpcKhotnv 

Vienna! - 

Sources; Reuters. AFP 

tnKmaaoul Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

• Skamfinaviska Broken AB reported a first-quarter operating 

profit after loan losses of 1.38 billion Swedish kronor ($175 million), 
compared with a loss of 608 million kronor a year earlier; loan losses fell 
to 1JS billion kronor from 2.9 billion, and SE Banken recorded gains 
worth 650 million kronor, primarily from asset sales. 

■ IBM Deutschland GmbFTs net loss deepened to 582 million Deutsche 
marks ($346 million) in 1993, a result of recession and restructuring, but 
the International Business Machines Corp. unit expects a profit in 1994. 

• Varta AG, the German battery manufacturer, said lower sales, pressure 
on prices and currency fluctuations pushed it into loss last year and 
forced it to suspend its dividend; its after-tax loss on continuing opera- 
tions was 646,000 DM, after a 503 million DM profit in 1992. 

• Merk&en, Air France’s hotel chain, said it prefers the bid for it bv Forte 
PLC to those from Accor SA and Kempinski, Lufthansa AG’s hotel chain; 
the Air France board is to decide the winning bid on Thursday. 

• PSA Peugeot Ctro£a SA decided to rejoin the European Car Manufac- 
turers Association; PSA left the industry group in 1991, complaining that 
the other automakers were taking too soft a line on Japanese competition. 

• Tarmac PLC, Britain’s largest homebuilder, narrowed its pretax loss to 
£43.1 million ($64 million) in 1993 from £3503 million in 1991 

Bloomberg, AFX, AFP 

Arbed Aims to Break Even 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

the Luxembourg sled company 
that is Europe’s fifth-biggest, said 
Tuesday that it hoped to break 
even this year after suffering a 
heavy loss m 1993. 

Arbed had already reported a 
loss of 5.7 billion Luxembourg 
francs ($165 million) for last year, 
which it confirmed Tuesday. 

The chief executive, Joseph 
Kinsch, said Arbed aimed to break 
even in 1994, “but for that we must 

have an active recovery in markets 
in the second half.” 

Saks of long products slumped 
by 3 bDtion fames and those of flat 
products fell 4 trillion francs in 1993. 

Mr. Kinsch said this year flat- 
steel products have improved in the 
European Union, and also in the 
United States and some other ex- 
port markets. 

In long products the recovery 
has been “hesitant," particularly in 
France and the Netherlands. 

(AFX Bloomberg) 


Tuesday’s Closing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on Wall Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


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The Most Up-to-Date Reference 
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• Boded by Pmale hveSom 


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Ban co r of Arm 

Ccrenreaon corned only upon Fvrdffg. 
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Miami. A 332B0-M36 USA 
Foe PQ5) 931-1723 



Qtnsdsrs dvKtaent. 20 M sates, tong 
time eroding worldwide orgcnznbOA. 

Ave, wTaw ny i tom usa 

Far Scde 51% Or Move 


estabtahed since 1971 coatraing 
55 ndkn of rad eshde in Fiance. 

. IManfidml 

Fox Switzerland +41 2(752 3500. 

w® be u nadewd fm Brim Diming 

UK fOP34 5P9P22 

Pufak Urfed Company in 

207-9840 faJ p i 7 )207-9839 USA. 


represenfotivei owl parttien 
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US ffigh Tedi 

Your Office m Gonnany 

•Mrf Fww*g*Ftw*Pfw» 5e 


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I tUPl From bads aid private 
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letter of credt, nvoice 

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we ore "a your sarvee 

now esfabfahmg efiarihutor networks in 
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m o tiv a te d people vwth vast cnata 
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SaocHt in feHtera dmndc up 
iuFonnafiori. The taferf, irto*f 
inmarknt mrws. idea tad 
m pertmUen oofated toot over 


far to imoedate 6eWy of to 
□Bawfao to ear dents n to GUIF 


Comnwod properly, 670 ulbl sxface, 
670 sqjn. shownxw (yotmi 670 stun, 
storage ftsasemert, poaUe poding 20- 
X oars). 340 sqm. nwaanme ftatf 12) 
sqm. office spoon pndV. 120 sqm. 

sqm. office ware [2nd), ip^tqns 
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Broker's co mw esi on guaranteed 

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We provide al morheteig, oi ports end aid sources wurfdwrto -White Wheal and Cerecis 

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i i m mm 




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Justinionkasse 22, 

6000 Frorkhxt am Mom 1, 


Tet ftffj 24S30 
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Natard cosmetic line 


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IP. VvaiARD, Pons 
Tri 133-1] 45 i4 3039 
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from SvnUethmd is faokxig far 


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Corerardri Prweds Needed 


521 FMi Avenue. Suite 1620 
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Tet 212-922-9088 Fox: 212-922-2B51 

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repayment term Three to Terr years 
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Tri: teP) 133) 89 76 89 26 
Fax ten (33) 89 76 29 SO 


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mfwfaee you to to premia- y 
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ranch. ExceBad returns exprrted. CdB 
817/5956909 USA (24 hours*, leave 

telephone and fat numbers. 

2ND TSAVB, DocunwMs/Gkzenrfqi 
available Ihrough 100% legal 
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F - 





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the homes wfl be nened ofler to LOOQNG FOR WVBTOftPARTIB 

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The International Stock Exchange Incorporated, In an expansion phase, invites 
suitable companies and individuals worldwide, excluding USA and Canada, 
to apply for Stockbroker Membership. The applicants should have adequate 
facilities to operate from their own offices. 

No experience is required, however knowledge in the investment, financial 
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quoting Ref. IHT, to: 

Leading US-based manufacturer of 
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seeks JV partner to manufacture/ 
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Fortune Magazine. 

public AUcnOH OF exceptlonnai estate of 



lx Re 


(Chapter 11) 

Cue No. 


CCS -TEL: 2(2-557-3040 
Fat 212-983-1278 USA. Ann: Mr. King, 
or TEL: 10171 4080287 
FAX: 10171 629 9538. London. 
Amt: Mr. Hart 

ji * i v At; Ann < . a rz p ; i y.t H .*a il'T.v t a aOT* t ; 1 4 1 1 * i, \n« . x* :* :» m m ■* riu 



Tkxfree US. 


Has Never Been Cheaper 
May/june Offer: 

210 US$/mt 5% Breakage 
Minimum 20.000 MT 

And i amo Bangkok 
Attn: Director 
Fax: 662-253 9111 

fatoatotix-fitc Nenfa oar ^actafef. Sorrier b 
a SO sure*. Gaiaare of coaplst naejatj. 
Wc oftr Ui xUrs with phone » 6x ante, 
office serricti (/SI bnkxnxas. US. drfarns 
to sow * factms. caaptae Icyri »mccs» 
usistxxcc. tedod'mg OTC narttt tairj ft 
nnipataa. fta* reqoesr oxr ftee (x»*re 

Dr.jur. wnfiam A. Wright 
Attorney at Law 
U.S. Corporation Seraices, Inc 
3430 Balmoral Drive, Sulic »10. 
Sacramento. Caflfonita 95821 
ES (USA) 916/785-3005 a 



1 u buy Oiiaeso moriteodi 


you ei/GAy success^ 

in IJmulden { The Nattieriands) 
on Thursday 26 May 1994 of 

■l (86) (a ) 319-mo or Mr. Tee to Son 
i FmndKOM4L5aST-10<6. From 1.0CO 
T-rimtxto [bo jta-iqj of ccnyinx: dbp 

i \ i business. 


Our Service 

Fully equipped offices 
from 12 sq.m., 
also unfurnished. 

Immediately available 
for days, weeks or 
permanent use. 
Individual telephone 
service, your own 
address, modem 
conference facilities. 

a.o.: * 100 . 000 m steel cable; 2000 
hoisting slings, * 500 (new) anchors; 
± 2000 Steel bow shackles, ± 60000m 
new ropes, * 600 1 chains: winches, 
powerpacks. boats, fenders, etc.; 

For information; 

TROOSTWIJK auctioneers 

■s+31 206666666-fax +31 206666663 

Lot 1. The 'Chateau -Golf de le Toeraetfe* mode 

of two 18 hole Golf Courses 

f5 to 6 tee-off) in a splendid envfronnement with club-house in a 
historical mansion (XV 1/ tfi century ) plus outbuildings and sport 

Lot 2. tftre; parcel off lend - crossing of the roe de 
Beo ddwont end roe de hi Toeraette 

Total area for lots 1 ft 2 as per property titeM2D Ha 21 a 56 ca 

lot 3. set of Eqaipemeols immovable by 
destination and assigned to tbe maintenance and 
tbe running of the Golf ( list to be obtained at the 
Notaires' crffkes) 

Urban planning: •Club-house, outbuildings, pontand part of the 
golf courses: Part zone - * Remainder of the Golf courses: 
Agriculture zone - • woods.- Forest zone ■ pasture: Agriculture 
zone wim vaiable landscape ■ ■ Parcel of land: Agriculture zone. 
Occupation: inquiries at the Notaire’s offices. 

Bank goanmty of 30,000,000 BEFtob e produced 
of the aoctioa. 

For visits: by appomtement only • Service immobiner Notarial - 

PubBc auettoro Monday 9th may 1998 at 5 pjn. 

Motel-Sud de Nfvefles - Chauss6e de Mons, 22 - Nh/elles - 
(HBigway Bnrssels-Paris - Exit Nlvefles-Sud) 

For hfa n wH ov Kotoira JmtM KlIGIIOM 
Phones 32/67/64^4.19 - Fox: 32/67/6431.26 
Netaire Iwmos DUPONT 

Phones 32/2/5133935 - Fax: 32/2/513.97.19 






PLEASE TAKE NOTICE tol an Jofy L, 1991. Piper Airrofl Cocporatioa tfhe ‘Vtbtor”) fifed ■ rotaatery pfftflan for reRrf m fcr cha pte r 
11 tf (ilk 11 tf to Uriteri States Ctede (tec *Onkniptay CodO. <■ tin Orffe8 Steles Bnkxwky Com br Ito Sotabvn DUdcl of Ffariife 
(to “Own"). Tfce Detear amOmad fat praariaa oT lb proptrty rad to nuBaftenat of its taHtaw «s ■ «tar te posKadoa. • 

PLEASE TAKE FURTHER NOTICE that, perrsaut to aa enter af to Cant dated Aap»f X, 1991 (to <toRM Bar Onkr^k ead la 
MartMce witfc Rrie 3083 (cj(3) of to Federal Rate* rf Buknqtagr Proadme, cxcOtan ®T to Drifter ink required to fik an or fata* 
NararfB- 15, W91 (to ^IrilW BwTfete"), ■ trapletend dfe> «;tectited prariof dm Iona oa acoaot ttaaj data ufcteg Ml of rirptoa 
Mddab or otor faddntaineivtegafrplna or apm pvtiHnaftctHnl^ by to Mlorltert ny nAowfitarM* or UHrWxgriiiit to 
DcblOf ■ 

PLEASE TAKE FURTHER NOTICE tol, panuwi to ordtr oT to Cool dried Apt! 8, 19M, Md la aanrfance irif& RriE 3(N3 (cXD oT 
to Fofcrri Rates of Raoknipfcy Pwradare, Afa Caart ataWtod ■ se&eontal tor dote (Ute “SappleaKatti Bar totf? qpfiHaliteMlp to 
to* patwra ito risk to raari drf« agrinrf to I»to or ta te«faw^ «fefe »n^ ri ifeh* acritteBta or otor hcMeri* 

tetsbtac rirrfaMs or i|Bit pails munbetaRd or Jrid fry to Debtor, b order to inert a drim to Debtor, al nidi pnvto toon da 

id by cotopkttec a proriaTcteto oa to Aiat apprawrf by to Cost fedfldllli to qaerfonatee rilMtai fbmta Tto prerioT eteto farm 
may be ofctafacd ftwa ritber cousd to to Debtor at to addnas fisted tide*, or to Oeek of to Coart, Uriled States Baaknptey Court, at 
to aCOnm toad brio*. CaMptokd proofc of driaiiam be Bed by raffiat or deBrafag eKb rah proof of dabs « tot A is «to«lly 
RceteedMortetoeMaya UHriJrftaofaMtaot Ffaitidetoefry Ox Clerk of Ok Cool* feMnrfe addreae 
OOke of to Cleric 

Ualted States Boriu a ptey Caprt - 

51 S.W. FM Area or 

Rooto 1517 

MfauHi, Florida 33139 

(Opea between MB «m aad SM pjo. 

M matey tbraogfr Friday) 


Crinririad Questteuriner msf be filed fry aaflfac orddhwfeoaefr xodi Qoeriambeta totR If ariaafryiMrivid on cur ttton Moy a 
1994, at 5.-M pjn, Mteni, Fferidi time, fry Plpw Ahmft Carponrioa at to MtentegaddroE 
Piper AircMt Corporation 
2926 Piper Drive 
▼era Beach, Florida 32960 

PLEASE TAKE FURTHER NOTICE that to Bankruptcy Coart Order cftaWshfag the Supplemental Bar Date provides that the 
qawOeaaahx aaooed le to Prim Proof of Claim most be completed and flted alth PIpo- Mrinfl, Corporation, at tel forflt afro*b la enter 
for a eteknaal to preserve to rights against tbe Debtor's bankroptey estate. 

PLEASE TAKE FURTHER NOTICE tot yon are required to complete to proof oT data aud qaestiowraht aaoexed hereto sad Hr to 
mote when aad as gtcriSed iboxe. H you prarioariy ffied a dafm apbat the Dtoor for damages related k» penuual femy drims, wrouplU 
dtrih dton or pnpcrtytoaage dates you are reqriicd to complete and IHe to quesfiouoatee wbca aaeUtsperifled afrore. 

PLEASE TAKE FURTHER NOTICE toV fl) to eatalftfcnicri of to Sappioaeriri Bar Date: TO to tanance of the Coart's April 8> 1994 
Order grtaMxhlig to Suptemeutd Bar Date; aad «BI) to reqahnneirt tot mtafapenom fflea proof of daho as desq find hereto, does aot 
and h not lateMted to rc-epen to loWri Bar Date tar any and ill perns ad tribes «ha w*r* oblsritd te IHe a proof oT data on or briore 
to Initial Bar Date. 

PLEASE TAKE FURTHER NOTICE that joor Uilwe (a (Be a proof of data aad Qaestfaaarire when aad as xpedfled above wffl resaft te 
your bdag forever barred, estopped, rotrafotd and cq)ofecd from aacrllag any such dafrn (or OSag a proof of dam with respect thereto} 
and to Debtor aad Hs po pet ty shaft be forever d b efa u ge i l from aay aad ril ladebtedoeai or Habtoy with raped to oxh rhtn» aad sdeh 
holder sh a ll aot be permitted to rote oa aay pteris) of woiw triwffiui peopoaed fry to Debtor or participate fa miy di strib ufl oa fa the Debtort 
chapter II caseo»acDoariofaBys«dk(totate. 

Aay tpraftom yoo uagr hare conoerafe flda aotiee rftoold be Oredtd to Piper Aircraft Corporation, legal Department, at (487) 587-4361, 

Tour Axuvbnt&ge 

I Representative, k 
[ reasonable company 
address. No commission. (.7. 
No long office search, t : \ 
no renovation cost, j .. ' 
no personnel problems. [ ; . 
| Your office is never empty. 




Ntawgaii maimfactnrcr of toiklrfcs i 
of HERBAL ORIGIN offers bigh j 
<putifandfr«unaWcfHiocs. j 
Reply lo: Kare Solcn A/S 
Box 6241 EHerstad 
0603 Oslo - Norway 
Fax : +47 22 64 80 65 . 





Over 30 yws experience n proofing se+ 
twsiotanatiraally te affl typesd badness. 


19 Ped Road. Douglas. We ol Man. 
Tel.: 0624 626591 ■ fax. 0624 625126 
or London 

Tel: 1711 2228866- Fax 171 1 233 1519. 





lop tourist location, sate investment. 
Recently built in 1931, high turnover, 
minimum capital required £250 thousand 
rest on be financed. 

C Fax: 352 / 32 71 90 J 

A «y cpn sflons yoo way hare coucradag 

Dated: Mfcuri, Florida 
April J, 1994 

attends for Piper Aircraft Corporation 
3300 First Uidoa Fltradal Center 
2N Sooft Srayue Booferard 
Mhmi. Florida 33UU3IS 








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PRIVATE BANKING Master License Opportunity 

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auntaamuraai rerx mamnwgi 

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Ron Jensen 

London Tri. 71 394 515T Ft* 71 231 892» 
Canada Tat. MW >42 em Fax 042 3179 

i prefer son sonobesdd ! 

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LOANS against the security 
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Totally funds-first proce« 
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Fax requirements (principals 
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U+44) (0) 71323-8576. J 

in the Paopto's RspubBe ot Dana. ! 
but will amaidur other stratogicaBy : 
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have tire abfRy to tacogniza and 
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two, equity participation or straight 

floqpsMf fti'compM* cati dttn c u m 


46-49 30 St. LLCSty, NY 11101 
FAX: 718-706-4501 
Alt: R. Harman , 

i mim 






TT 44-71 352 2274 
^ 44-71 373 953B 

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AlphaGrapfiitt. 24-year leader in tbe quick print and 
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Foran infbnnaiiwi packet, please caO Bill Edwards at 
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RSVP br FAX to meet with Travel 
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April 29, 30, Nay I. 

USA Tcl.« 2O1/S67-8SO0 
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41T kd Atu. W. * Setoe. WA in U UM 


fVnttoaps Ol The Future 

.'760 N. Commerce Drive 
Ttman. Anzwij 85705 USA 


US S15HCOO condorramum purchase pins | 
fa provides immediate afemsHp in a 
tax Tree, English speakine Common- 
wealth counuy (not Antigua). Principals 

Maritime International Ltd. 
P.O. Box 1302. 43C Rcddiffe Street, 
St John's Antigua, West Indies. 


Di»nr te wras ol dafl Maoin riii om 1 DO 
ctBECia earired i» teoix a EL ffSEWOUS 
TAX PXmi *4 fepSy mad me. gpoarem 
ind tzpte. Disco ta Ice iosata &cw fltat tn 
Ha» mlxxim Itjd TAX 
For joor FREE BROCHURE a«l PRI- 
VACY NEWS LETTER Itat irift Jtrfp 

OHke aad fceurc yuor oonry write to: 

Scope IUTLW, Box J5S3. 
roRUMte Kobk - Rxotaidc 
Rentes* CwJf - Hscc. -PO90EE UX 
I Td_ » il 705 hi 1751 h»: • ** TO 63132 


I 1986 Liebb-rr 550 HC Tomer Crane 
I Hook Height 1 8ff. lib Length 208" 
Exc ullent- $800. 000 
i 1988 Pecco 2000 Tower Crane 
1 Hoot Height 96’. /ib Length I ?5‘ 
Exc ellent -S175 . 000 
1 969 PeCCO PC 1 200 Tower Crane 
Hook Height 91’, lib Length I4ff 
Vfei y Good - S60. QQ0 
More cranes available. For «w 
infafltaUfln. Fax; 707/935-3460 




APRIL 29. 1994 



„■ Orffc’- ■'*’ 
i TOKYO - b 
‘“dc* i-i i*'. 1 * 

, Rtawnii • - 
. , jry. the Ea. 'H- mi 
a iadTuv-nj*!- 
i Tb iW' , * r 
; ■ nmw uf.i-* •' • 

. u^ihT.; .-r 
I * QjSI BtClh- -• 

; wcsti5i'ii*r--' 

■ Tbe jnbnc .4r 

i«n» literal * 
i iteam .ird;r- a; 
nmuaetsii'-.* <■ 
, Awriipvji;.-'. ■ 
. Gmr.dri. 

• ntoiivt [or me •«. 


i nsoinK'iTthe •: 

' tottnoaih. 

> flmfepw.i 
•' ofihnNci. -i: -. 
i fa; ih km i/r. 

• Ctxpcsate profit- 

! to st.’nd Rii-r,;' 


: TOKYO - 


“*f don't' ha'-- 

'5* lfiai ‘ hr 


Z s ‘ lR? 3tHl ir, : . 



D4Uv e U 


^ n 

aj,d lo m .i 



07 ] '?*** 





* r 0* 

Fujitsu and Sun 
Are to Jointly 
Develop Chips 

Studios Focus on China 

U.S. Film Industry Is Talking Deals 

M Dan 

— - ^ donated 

? ■*" , Sun Microsystems strategy of widely lkens- 

£ ^itsu Lid! Sd ,tS lcc . hnoIo 8y a™* ^ compa- 

w al wouf d coordi w 00 P nCeand performance. 

? -^^5SIc deVe ? pmenlof aewrai. ,he com P anies said 

^ or Sun’s popular ^? ve asrt^d to coordinate 
'7 in rif f wotfetation compute^ P™ 5 f ° r future gen era dons of 

* under which the 7^ C wiU ^o* lbem 

^partners will invest at [east VWi 10 focus t * Jar investments with a 
-miDjon, represents a reSLe bv ^“P- 

-Sun to a wave of new, po Werfl J Jjy worlong together, we can 

* microprocessors from TOimwiimi! number of chips 

,-that have Ihreaienedto E j and cow more space." said Ken- 

line of so-called Srarc ueth Pelowski, sET director of 

It could be bad news rVv rt ,u«. w °ridwide corporate alliances, 
sr. companies, such as Texas .iccf* . J ? 0 . 0 ^ Ion B insisted that com- 

-ments Luc- that are ; n -j . tf V~ petition among Spare-chip desum- 

_devdoping their own Sr^^w° dy wxa ^ !eaa to the h$>esi-per- 
*'■ Ftgilsu, Japan’s Ur^si m Srf fonromg chips for its workstation 

~ssisT"* sysr-*?sajr££is 

The Scare is a r' , mmions of dollars, a Sun vice 

~ family kS^wn as 2!j' ° f ^ P rcsident i William Raduchel said. 

* C cStiS F « Fujitsu, the cooperation 

mSt rtL^ With Sun will allow a reduction in 
Sffle^ 6,ndi - chip-rdated research and develop- 
3 ISflS OW ***&** 10 -mem expenditures by focusing rte 

S« rSSt*- 11 W* 

formann* ■ P^* “ e groundwork for greater future 

■conmlex ino^ffrJ 0 ^ c ' n V enUonaJ ’ cooperation with Sun, a senior ex- 
U "*? ecutive vice president, Mikio Oht- 
“aJTXi “ 2"' ^ FujItsu ^ve suki, said. 

^Sriri™S^.K m< ^ r ^ cess ? rs . m It also will give Fujiisu a better 
competition with each other, in line understandine of Sun’s technoloav. 

M# U*V1V VU4W1UUJ . 41 1*U1 14SJ 

the groundwork for greater future 
cooperation with Sun, a senior ex- 
ecutive vice president, Mikio Ghi- 
suki, said. 

It also will give Fujitsu a better 
understanding of Sun’s technology. 

Japanese Indicators 
Resume Bearish Mode 

Ua Angela Tima Service 

HOLLYWOOD — In its quest for new markets, 
the U.S. movie industry sees a potential mother 
lode in China, where a growing economy and more 
than 1 billion citizens offer the world's biggest 
untapped entertainment market. 

All of the major studios are in di s^ssym s with 
the Beijing government over ways to crack the 
market, which has been largely dosed to the out- 
side world because of the Communist regime's 
rigid policies. 

The latest initiative is currently under way. Rob- 
ert Daly and Terry Semd, the co-chairmen of 
Warner Brothers Inc, quietly traveled to China for 
the first time last week to explore everything from 
theater construction and direct movie distribution 
to satellite television and a theme park. 

But executives wanted that a gold strike would 
not come quickly or easily. 

Michael Williams-Jones, presideni of United 
International Pictures, the overseas distribution 
arm for the Universal, Paramount and MGM/UA 
studios, said the effort could lake 10 years. "The 
potential, as everyone recognizes, is virtually un- 
limited,” be said. "But it would be quite foolish for 
anyone to look for instant gratification.” 

One long-running complication is dm piracy. 
The Modem Picture Association of America esti- 
mates that $50 million in movie revenue alone is lost 
cadi year to illegal China-based sales. Jade Valenti, 
the president of the association, is lobbying the UA 
trade office to turn up the heat on Beijing. 

“China is our highest priority in the world for 
combatting intellectual piracy, and the Chinese 
have done absolutely zero enforcement of whatev- 
er the copyright laws they have,” Mr. Valenti said. 
They are also probably the major source of the 
worldwide production of illegally pirated laser 
disks exported throughout Asia.” 

Strict quotas on imports, high entertainment 
taxes, low ticket prices and a shortage of movie 
screens that are up to modem standards also 
complicate Hollywood's plans to colonize China. 
Only a small percentage of people live in cities and 
are considered regular fihngoers. Sources estimate 

that less than 8,000 screens are up to U.S. stan- 
dards, and the average ticket price is said to be 
around SO cents. 

But Mr. Valenti and others said they saw proro- 
isiag signals among from the China Film Export 
and Import Corp„ a government agency. 

The industry also took it as one promising sign 
when U1C, a theater chain whose partners include 
MCA Inc. and Paramount Communications Ino, 
recently received permission to build a Western- 
style multiplex movie theater is Shanghai Variety 
also repotted last month that China has agreed to a 
60/40 revenue spin with foreign distributors on at 
least 10 movies a year, after previously paying a 
low, flat fee for films allowed into the country. 
Thai is a significant development for distributors, 
who previously collected only $50,000 per title. 

“China is very receptive to investment,” said 
Tom Pollock, the chairman of MCA's motion 
picture division. "There's no question it will be- 
come one of biggest markets in the world. The only 
question is when.” 

Many in the industry look it as a promising sign 
that Mr. Daly and Mr. Semcl were personally 
participating in the Warner trade mission. 

"The fact that Bob and Terry went there indi- 
cates a significantly more aggressive posture 
among the studios,’* said one Warner affiliate. 
While Warner declined comment, others said Mr. 
Daly and Mr. Semd were primarily looking to 
forge alliances with local partners, as they have in 
some other overseas markets like Japan, rather 
than make direct investments. 

Bill Mechanic, who recently became the presi- 
dent of Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp., said 
his company was naturally interested in China but 
had yet sent a task force there. Mr. Mechanic 
previously headed Buena Vista International and 
was responsible for the Walt Disney Co. forging a 
distribution network overseas. 

"There is a lot of interest in the marketplace and 
it's attracting a lot of people — distributors and 
(heater groups — looking for that pot of gold,” Mr. 
Mechanic said. "But it's a very difficult country to 
do business in right now” 

Taiwan Cable TV is Polishing its Image 

Compiled by Our Stuff Freni Dispatches 
- TOKYO — Japan's leading in- 
_dex of economic indicators 
plunged to 45 points in Febniaiy. 
reversing a brief recovery in Janu- 
ary, the Economic Planning Agen- 
cy said Tuesday. 

The index, which foreshadows 
future trends in the economy, had 
risen to 63.6 points in January, ris- 
ing above 50 for the first time in 
eight months. A reading above 50 
indicates an expanding economy. 

The decline came as the outlook 
for raw materials inventories, ma- 
chinery orders and housing starts 
ranted negative in February after 
showing positive signs in January. 

Commercial budding starts were 
negative for the second month in a 
row, while the employment outlook 
was grim for the eleventh consecu- 
. live month. 

On the positive side, shipments 
of durable goods strengthened for 
the First time since August 1993. 
Corporate profits and inventories 
of finished goods were positive for 
the second month in a row and 

commodity prices were positive for 
the third consecutive month. 

An agency official said the overall 
economy was not improving even 
though business sentiment was. The 
index is nevertheless widely expect- 
ed to recover in March, buoyed by 
factors supporting business at the 
end of the fiscal year. 

Business leaders say Japan's 
economy, which has been in a 
slump for roughly three years, will 
still have to overcome some daunt- 
ing problems. 

"One of my greatest concerns is 
the high yen,” said None Ohga. 
president of Sony Corp. Tf we 
manufacture everything overseas io 
avoid the hi§h yen, Japan’s econo- 
my will decline further.” 

Because the high yen makes Jap- 
anese products uncompetitive and 
U.S. goods cheap in Japan, Wash- 
ington has been seen favoring an 
increase in the currency's value as 
one measure to combat its trade 
deficit with Japan. 

(AFP, A?) 


TAIPEI — STAR TV says its 
new movie channel in Taiwan will 
be funny, scary, exciting and un- 
predictable. That also seems to be 
a good description of the coun- 
try's cable television industry. 

STAR TV, the Asian satellite 
broadcaster in which Rupert 
Murdoch's News Corp. bought a 
64 percent stake last year for S525 
million, launched its bilingual 
STAR Movies channel in Taiwan 
on April 20. Most of the cable 
operators who will cany it got 
their start by illegally wiring 
apartment buddings and broad- 
casting pirated videos with ama- 
teur equipment. 

After years of unsuccessfully 
trying to dose the illegal opera- 
tors, the government legalized the 
industry last year. 

“One ctf the purposes of the 
legalization is we got them on the 
surface,” said Chang Gnmgjen, 
an official in die Government In- 
formation Office. "Before we 
didn't know where they were." 

Mr. Chang said about 350 of 

Taiwan’s 570 cable operators ran 
professional operations. But 
even the name of the operator 
that STAR chose as its Taiwan 
agem reflects the industry’s ille- 
gal roots. Cable Four Communi- 
cation Co. was named for Fourth 
Channel, the term coined to de- 
scribe the underground televi- 
sion stations that completed with 
Taiwan's three government-con- 
nected legal stations. 

One is majority owned by the 
ruling Nationalist Party, another 
by the provincial government 
and the third by the Education 
and Defense ministries. 

Lin Chong-liang, the head of 
Cable Four, admitted the name 
was "quite funny, but all of our 
shareholders used to be illegal 

Mr. -Chang said the industry - 
would probably need another 
three to five years to dean up its 
reputation. “We don't have suffi- 
cient regulations, we don’t have 
qualified systems operators and 
there is not enough program- 
ming,” he said. 

At least 20 percent of the pro- 
grams broadcast had to be do- 
mestically produced, Mr. Chang 

Legalizing the industry meant 
cable operators would invest 
more money, making them less 
likely to risk that investment by 
breaking regulations, he said. 

It also meant the operators 
would have fixed addresses. In 
the past, some operators just 
rented apartments and ran ca- 
bles out of windows to nearby 
buildings. They played a cat- 
and-mouse game with the police, 
who would cut cables only to 
have the operators broadcasting 
again several hours later after 
repairing the lines. 

Mr. Chang said the govern- 
ment hoped to eventually pare 
the number of operators to 250. 

Survey Research Taiwan Ltd- 
which installs electronic devices 
in 500 Taiwan homes to conduct 
viewer surveys for the industry, 
said about 55 percent of Tai- 
wan's 5.4 million households 
have cable. 

State Sector 
Is Dragging 

Complied by Oar Staff From Dvpachex 

BEUING — China's economy, 
despite several years of rapid 
growth, is sttD woefully inefficient, 
the People’s Daily said Tuesday in 
an editorial that painted a grim 
picture of the state sector. 

"Raising economic efficiency 
has become a must if China is to 
keep its economy developing in a 
sustained, rapid and healthy way,” 
the Communist Party newspaper 
said, singling out weak state enter- 
prises in particular. 

Output of state enterprises rose 
by just 22 percent in ihe First quar- 
ter from tne corresponding period 
in 1993, while that of the collective 
sector rose 32.1 percent and other 
sectors climbed 79.1 percent, offi- 
cial figures showed Nearly half of 
stale companies posted losses in 
the first quarter, up from 342 per- 
cent in the comparable period of 
1993. Losses amounted to 15.7 bH- 
lios yuan <51.81 billion), up 79.7 
percent from a year ago. 

Inefficiency is being fueled by 
the country’s current economic 
structure, the editorial said, citing 
low growth in farmers’ incomes, 
which restricts the development of 
rural markets, and in sales of indus- 
trial products. 

At the same time, various bottle- 
necks have severely restricted 
movement of raw materials and 
finished products. 

To raise efficiency, it is essential 
to upgrade equipment, strengthen 
scientific and technological re- 
search and improve management 
policy, the editorial said 

The People's Daily told the story 
of the Italian company Merloni 
Fwanziaria SpA, which has nine 
joint ventures in China that pro- 
duce up to a third of the country’s 
refrigeraiois, as a cautionary tale lo 
hammer home the message about 
lumbering slate companies. 

It noted that the fortunes of 
Merloni’s nine ventures varied 
sharply and that three are now 
among the market leaders while 
three others are posting losses. 

{AFP, Reuters) 

■ Insurers Target Qrina 

Chinese officials have informed 
the U-S. insurer Lincoln National 
Crap, that China will pass a law 
this year tb enable foreign insurers 

to offer coverage to Chinese clients, 

according to a dispatch of Bloom- 
berg Business News from Bemng. 

Ian RoQand, chairman of the in- 
surer, said he expected to win a 
license to sell insurance in China 
within three years. 

Official statistics showed that 
350 million Chinese bought life in- 
surance last year, up 35 percent 
from 1992. The country’s leading 
insurer, the People’s Insurance Co. 
of China, holds 90 percent of the 

Bringing the Jeep to the People, in Japan 

LkC* * 

By Andrew Pollack 

Sew York rams Service 

TOKYO — About 750 Honda dealers in 
Japan have the right to seU the Jeep Cherokee, 
but how many are actively dran^ so? 

“We don’t have a chie," said Jerry Hsu, 
Chrysler Corp-’s new man in Japan. 

• Such inattention has contributed to Japanese 
criticism that Chrysler and other American 
automakers have not tried hard enough to make 
sales here and are content merely to complain 
about trade barriers in Japan. 

. “They were criticizing us lor not 
faces in Tokyo,” said the 43-year-old Mr. Hsu, 
a Taiwan native who had been running Japa- 
nese sales from Michigan. 

It is partly to answer such criticism that he is 
becoming Chryskr's first sales and marketing 
executive to head the company s Japmese office, 
which will roughly triple m size, to 17 people. 

Mr Hsu said be intended to reennt new 
dealers and to make sure the existing dealers 

were taking proper efforts to sell Chrysler prod- 
ucts, including the popular Jeep Cherokee. 

Qnyskr’s sales in Japan jumped to 5,700 
vdudes in 1993 from 1,600 in 1992, according to 
die Japan Automobile Inporters Association. 

This year Chrysler expects sales to more than 
double, to 13,000 vehicles, most of them Jeeps, 
and to reach 20,000 in 1995. 

Imports Ot passenger cars from Detroit’s Big 
Three grew 37 percent in 1993, despite a 5.7 
percent contraction in Japan’s overall market 
The gains are attributed to low prices made 
possible by the rise in the yen against the dollar, 
and a consumer perception that American vehi- 
cles are inproving in quality. 

Jeeps have become trendy m Japan. Almost ad 
of Quys/er’s safes here involve a Jeep Cherokee 
with tne steering wheel mounted on the right- 
hand side, because Japanese drive on the left 
Chrysler introduced the Jeep Cherokee in 
late 1992 and then cut the price in early 1993 by 
30 percent, to about 3.7 million yea (S36.000J. 
Chrysler also plans to introduce a right- 

hand-drive version of its Neon subcompact car 
in early 1996, Mr. Hsu said. 

Japanese officials say that Chryskr’s success 
shows the market is not closed aim that Ameri- 
can vehicles designed for Japan will sdl if they 
are attractively priced. 

■ Toyota to BaOd Van in U.S. 

Toyota Motor Corp. has reportedly decided 
to build a front- wheel-drive replacement for its 
Previa minivan at its Georgetown, Kentucky, 
assembly plant starting in 1 997, Dorou Levin of 
The New York Times reported from Detroit. 
The decision is a sign that Toyota intends to be 
more aggressive in the light-trod: and multipur- 
pose-vehicle segment of the U.S. auto market. 

Toyota plans to build roughly 70.000 mini- 
vans annually, a snail number compared with 
the production of the American Big Three, 
which sold nearly 950,000 minivans last year. 

Last year, just over 30,000 units of the Previa, 
which were imported from Japan, were sold in 
the United States. 

Now Printed in 
For Same Day 
delivery in Key Cities 


1 - 800-882 2884 

(IN NEW YORK, CALL 212-752-3890) 

Page 15 


Hong Kong = Singapore ; Tokyo . 

Hang Seng , ^ ‘iStrafetirews : Nikkei 225 • 

• i rr'-r r r^ 80*0 . ; 

'jv-f i 1 

V ••Wfi&y.;* •«« .• 

Tuesday '• : Pm ;\, X 

5': : ^ c* 8 ®-; ■ 

Hong Kong 7 . '*&&&$& . ( '^' ;^ 32&64 • 

• • 2^07^- '' '*058:; 

• Sydney 1 ^pni";girios ; ^-^06^40 ‘ • 2.o4440 v •^^2.'’ 

Tokyo £ v 


‘ : .8^2170 > • ^67.'. 

Sydney; ;<•; TTm 
Tokve ]• : 

-f:: :+i;t5 . 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

Idtenalioul Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

• Seiko Corp. forecast pretax profit of 3 J billion yen ($32 million) in the 
year to March, revising its earlier forecast of a 4 billion yen loss; it died 
cost-cutting measures and asset sales for the improved outlook. 

e Asia Pacific Cable Network, which plans to build a $560 million fiber- 
optic telecommunications system for the region, has had 23 companies 
join the nine initial investors in the project. Among the arrivals are 
Cekom Sdu. of Malaysia, Telstra Corp. of Australia and Optus Counuu- 
nkations Pty. of Singapore. 

• Affied Group Ltd. said Hong Kong's Securities and Futures Commission 
detected possible takeover-axle violations in its investigation into the 
company and its affiliates. The nature of the violations was not revealed. 

■ Berjaya Group Bhd. of Malaysia raised its stake in Roasters Corp. to 
23.7 percent from 11 J percent by purchasing $32 million of stock. 
Roasters markets chicken and related foods using the name and image of 
Kenny Rogers, the American singer. 

• Shang hai Petrochemical Ca, which was the first China-funded company 
listed in Hong Kong, said hs profit nearly doubled last year, to 870 million 
yuan (5100 million). Sales rose 46 percent, to 7.58 billion yuan, as the 
volume of crude ofi processed rose 14 percent, to 4.6 millkm metric tons (34 
milli on barrels). Prices fra synthetic fibers, plastics and resins improved. 

• Thafland is planning to loosen restrictions on foreign companies, allowing 
them to acquire all of local businesses, except for those perceived as 
essentially Thai — such as rice farmers and makers of Buddha images — 
and those in industries in which Thais are becoming competitive. 

• Internationale Nederiandeu Groep NV plans to launch a 540 million 

Hong Kong dollar ($70 million) closed-end mutual fund that will special- 
ize in companies in Beijing- AFP, Bloomberg 

H.K. Bank Issues Warning 

Bloomberg Busmen News 

Hong Kong — Hongkong & 
Shanghai Banking Corp., one of 
the territory’s leading banks, said 
Tuesday that any strong measures 
taken by the Hong Kong govern- 
ment to bring down inflated real 
estate prices could result in a dam- 
aging property crash. 

“Any drastic measures which 
could risk precipitating a collapse 
of the property market should be 
avoided,” said the bank, “as that 
would inevitably cause severe dam- 
age to the economy." 

The Hong Kong government re- 
cently said it was determined to re- 
duce escalating prices for apart- 
ments and offices and has set op a 
group to investigate posable mea- 
sures to take the steam out of the 
market. This task face is to report 
its recommendations this summer. 

The statement released by the 
bank did not specify which mea- 
sures it might view as harmful, but 
some businessmen and politicians, 
in the territory have already cau- 
tioned the government against es- 
tablishing a capital gains tax on 
property sales. 



Siege social : 2, boulevard Royal 

Messieurs les action nafres sont pries d’assistcr i I'ASSEMBLEE 
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The 1994 China Summit Meeting has been convened by the International Herald Tribune (IHD and the State 
Commission for Restructuring Economic Systems (SCRES) and will be held in Beijing on May 11-12, 1994. 

Councillor and Minister of SCRES Li Tieying, Chairman of the State Commission for Economics and Trade Wang 
Zhongyu, Minister of Finance Liu Zhongli, Minister of Foreign Trade Wu Yi, Mayor of Shanghai Huang Ju, 
Chairman of China Securities Regulatory Committee Liu Hongru, Deputy Governor of the People’s Bank of China 
Chen Yuan, and 140 CEO’s of P.R.C. state-owned enterprises. 

CONFIRMED FOREIGN PARTICIPANTS TO DATE INCLUDE: Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad of Malaysia, 
Director General of GATT Peter Sutherland, Managing Director of the World Bank Ernest Stem, Former 
Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany Helmut Schmidt, President and CEO of Asea Brown Boveri Percy 
Bamevik, President of Boeing Commercial Airplane Group Ronald Woodard, Chairman and CEO of Caltex 
Petroleum Corporation Patrick Ward, Chairman of Peregrine Investments Holdings Philip Tose. 




Summit Sponsors: 



Corporate Sponsors: 

Pubfc OadR Institution 




NewChma Hong Kong 


wa — 


4pm Jardine Firming 



Supporting Sponsors: 

BankVVuStria BOOZALLEN&HAMIOON Burson-MarsteUer 






International Trading, S1A. M€TROPL0< B9HN) BERHAD 


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Austria’s largest federal province 
is experiencing a major transformation. 
In parallel with me opening-up process in 
neighboring Eastern Europe, Lower Austria has 
acquired a new capital, St. Pollen, the oldest city in 
the country. The economy is gaining a significant 
boost through a well-orchestrated promotion 
scheme, from which foreign investors are also 
profiting. “Regionalization” means that all sectors 
of the province, not only the main urban 
agglomerations, stand to benefit equally. 
The transport situation, although difficult, is 
improving. Tourism, in die mountains and on 
the plains, continues to expand. And 
cultural activities are flourishing 
as never before. 



.jp**** u 



The Development of a ‘Core’ Region for Europe 

•* ' v 

' \,'V- 

= Bte Danube, where ftfcfmrtf the Upn- 

From Here to There 

he new geopoliti- 
cal situation in 
which Lower 
Austria finds it- 
self as a result of the open- 
ing of state borders to the 
north and east has given rise 
to many transport problems. 

Some of these can be 
solved at the provincial lev- 
el, but most will require in- 
tensive cooperation at the re- 
gional, federal and interna- 
tional levels. The challenge 
is to cope with the exploding 
volume of road, rail and air 
traffic while at the same 
time causing the least possi- 
ble harm to the environment 
Lower Austria bears the 
brunt of heavy road traffic 
into and our of Vienna. 
Whereas expressways have 
been opened in the west and 
south, those in the other di- 
rections are incomplete. 

The province’s rail net- 
work is extensive, covering 
2,100 kilometers (1,304 
miles), but less than hilly ef- 
ficient, partly because of ter- 
rain difficulties. The sceni- 
cally beautiful Semmering- 

pass line in the south of the 
province is unsuitable for 
the increased amount of 
freight traffic anticipated 
(including container and 
piggy-back transport), but 
the alternative of building a 
tunnel under the Semmering 
is prohibitively expensive. 
Along the West Railway 

Vienna airport to 
handle around 12 
million passengers 
per year by 2000 

line from Vienna to Sl Pol- 
ten (66 kilometers), plans for 
a high-performance route 
must first overcome massive 
objections from the residents 
of the rich agricultural plain 
it would divide. 

Best equipped to cope 
with the expanding volume 
of traffic forecast is Vienna 
International Airport (VIE) 
at Schwechat. This is not 
only Lower Austria's largest 
job-provider (employing 

around 9,400 permanent 
staff), but a farsighted enter- 
prise that, Jong before the 
corrosion of communism in 
Eastern Europe, set itself the 
cask of becoming the “Air- 
port of the New Europe." 

The airport's projected 
transit population in 2000 
will be 1 1 to 12 million pas- 
sengers per year, compared 
with 7.2 million in 1993. A 
generous expansion scheme 
for the airport’s facilities is 
well under way, and only 
last month work was started 
on Pier West, which will 
have 12 convenient passen- 
ger boarding "Fingers'’ set to 
go into service in 1996. VIE 
is especially well-placed to 
handle traffic (people and 
cargo) from major East Eu- 
ropean cities such as Odessa, 
St. Petersburg. Kishinev and 

The one traffic artery not 
being used to full capacity is 
the Danube. Expeas consid- 
er that use of the river could 
be increased 10-fold, but the 
investment required would 
be considerable. 

B om in 1946, Er- 
win Proll has 
been Landes- 
hauptmann (gov- 
ernor) of Lower Austria 
since October 1992. With a 
doctoral degree in agrarian 
science, he entered provin- 
cial politics in 1980, becom- 
ing in turn financial council- 
lor and deputy provincial 
governor. He is keenly inter- 
ested in environmental mat- 
ters and is president of the 
European Association for 
Village Renewal. He was in- 
terviewed earlier this month 
at the Lower Austrian Land- 
haus, the present seat of ad- 
ministration in the heart of 

When you assumed office 
IS months ago . you sard it 
was your aim to “reposi- 
tion ” Lower Austria. What 
did you mean by this ? 

My idea is that we should 
develop into a core region 
for Europe by regaining the 
position we once had in Eu- 
rope and exercising a 
“bridge" function between 
the countries of the Euro- 
pean Union and the new de- 
mocratic countries of the 
former Eastern bloc. Histori- 
cally speaking, we are pre- 
destined to fulfill this role, 
especially in the Danube re- 
gion. Thanks lo the disman- 
tling of the Iron Curtain, we 
have a new significance, 
too, as a business/economic 
location. Many international 
companies choose the east- 
ern region of Austria - that 
is to say. Lower Austria - to 
service the countries of East- 
ern Europe and the market 
there. The great attraction is 

that whereas no one knows 
how the new “democracies" 
will develop during the next 
five, 10 or 20 years. Lower 
Austria is politically calcula- 
ble. And every investor nat- 
urally seeks security. Lower 
Austria offers this security 
as well as convenient prox- 
imity to these markets. 

Erwin Proa, governor of Lower 

Since your inauguration, 
you have repeatedly spoken 
of Lower Austria as a "deli- 
catessen’’ for Europe. Docs 
this apply solely to food and 

No, not exclusively, but 
that too. You see, we have a 
“product" that is in endless 
demand: an extremely var- 
ied countryside where real 
recreation is possible, with 
everything from a warm 
Pannonian steppe-climate in 
the east to a bracing moun- 
tain climate in the foothills 
of the Alps. And since this 
will be of increasing impor- 
tance in the future, we are 
developing tourist possibili- 

ties according to a plan that 
extends well into the next 
century. At the same time, 
we are determined to respect 
the limits within which 
tourism can be managed, 
and not to overstep these or 
endanger the landscape. We 
are naturally eager that our 
neighbors over the border 
should benefit from this, too. 

And have you already es- 
tablished contacts with the 
Czech Republic? 

Yes. Only last month, we 
concluded an agreement in 
Bmo (the Moravian capital) 
on a working program cov- 
ering tourism and infrastruc- 
tural measures (particularly 
communications), and later 
this year, I will be making an 
official visit to Prague. I 
must add. though, that there 
are a few problems because 
the degree of investment 
varies considerably from 
one side of the frontier to the 
other. And there are also 
some difficulties caused by 
Ithe nuclear power plants at) 
Temelin and Dukovany. 

What about Slovakia? 

As regards Slovakia, there 
is a major difficulty: traffic. 
We must assume that the 
mobility of our eastern 
neighbors will grow as their 
prosperity increases, so that 
we must get the increasing 
flood of passengers and 
freight off the roads and 
onto the rails. So far, howev- 
er, there is no adequate train 
connection from Bratislava 
to Vienna, although all the 
forecasts say that in this re- 
gion the Vicnna-Bratislava 
axis will become the most 
prosperous traffic route. 

What do you see as the ef- 
fect on agriculture of the 
eastern “opening " and of 
probable future membership 
in the European Union? 

Initially setbacks, with our 
frwiand vegetable suppliers 
being pushed out of the mar- 
ket, but eventually I expect 
new expansion for milk and 
cheese producers in our 
mountain regions. And there 
will be enormous possibili- 
ties for our vintners since 
their wines are among the 
best in the world. 

In two years' time, when 

Austria celebrates its millen- 
nium, you will no longer be 
sitting in Vienna but work- 
ing out of a modem adminis- 
trative building in St Pfflten. 

That’s correct, but the his- 
« tone re-. , 
tained as our shop window 
in Vienna. On the other 
hand, relocating the provin- 
cial government and diet to 
St POlten is a tremendous 
' opportunity to emancipate 
ourselves from the federal 
capital. Notwithstanding all 
the problems involved, I am 

• i x ;.• v.,,r V. .• 

' <*/* • ./- V. .> 

V ; x ‘; V* ' 

- /Abbeys, andmonaster- 

largest. area uridsrpw -leeinO^ .• : • 

vafion) , r '. A ’*• * • - V; ' fortresses, leasts a**L • 

* Farmland: approximately . ruins: . . /V . 

; lO^OOsquare apraetess . Museum s and penua- 
Foreats: approximately ^ siehl^xWbldoiJsr jifiS.: 
6,80 0 sqdaro fcflonietefs 
I Industrial enterprises; . Information; • 
l approximately *,000 ; . Lower Austrian, Informa- " 

Population: 1 .47 miSdrt : Son Office ■ i ■ ' ' \ / 
i Capita*: St- PBfeh (popU-. ! 

; tatioo 50,000) . Vienna .. 

[ Currant administrative Tot: (43 1) 53331 t4 V* 

industrial enterprises; 
approximately 1,000 
Population: i.47 mStjOh 
Capital: Si- P&teft (popu- 
lation 50,000) 

Currant admitfafratfve 
seat; yenna 
Other major towns: 
KJostemaubuig. MOcfimg, 
Wiener Neustacft 
Highest^ elevation: 
Schneeberg (2.07$ me- 
ters; around 7,000 feet) 
Main riven Danube 


und Regionafeierung 
N*edef6sterrefch . 



Health resorts; 12 (in- x Tel: (43 1)5137850-0 

Industrial, Business and Service Parks Give Province a Competitive Edge 

ver since the col- 
lapse of commu- 
nism in Eastern 
Europe, Lower 
Austria, which for over 40 
years held a fringe position 
as the outpost of Western 
values in Central Europe, 
has been repositioning itself 
as a “European Region of 
the Future.’’ 

It is a major undertaking, 
the necessity for which can 
be traced back even farther: 
to the time when the coun- 
try's monarchy collapsed in 

Between the two World 
Wars, the whole of Austria 
drifted from one economic 
crisis to another. The pro- 
vince of Lower Austria (pre- 
dominantly devoted to agri- 
culture and forestry) was 
forced lo be content with 
serving as the breadbasket 
for the former Imperial capi- 
tal. Vienna, from which it 

had been formally split apart 
in 1922. 

During the war. severe 
damage was caused by Al- 
lied bombing of Nazi-Ger- 
man armament industries in 
the erstwhile federal 
province that had been rele- 
gated to the status of a 
“Lower Danube Gau." After 
liberation, things only got 
worse when the whole of 
Lower Austria was incorpo- 
rated into the Soviet occupa- 
tion zone. 

Twelve years after restora- 
tion of full sovereignty 
through the 1955 State 
Treaty, an Anglo-American 
poet was able to write in, 
and about. Lower Austria: 

Quiet now hut a * 1 

with unwelcome visitors, 

scare and scream, the 
scathe of hatile: 

Turks have been here. 

Honey's legions. 

Germans, Russians, and 
no joy they brought. 

- from “Prologue at Six- 
ty" by W.H. Auden. 

The race was on to catch 
up economically, but the 
400 kilometer (248.5 mile) 
long border with what was 

canrly higher than growth at 
the national level. 

The symbolic destruction 
of the Iron Curtain in 1 989 
marked a turning point in the 
destiny of Lower Austria, 
which could once again con- 
sider itself the “heartland" of 
Central Europe and even of 

and industrial parks 
have opened 

then Czechoslovakia cut off 
,h c northern and eastern 
, . of Lower Austria from 

their traditional hinterland. 
By the mid-1980s, however, 
the province was recording 
an average annual growth 
rate of 3.7 percent, signifi- 

the whole Continent. The re- 
gion again became a meet- 
ing point beivveen East and 
West, opening opportunities 
for exchanges not only of 
goods and services but also 
of ideas, creativity and infor- 

To promote this develop- 
ment, an industrial "settle- 
ment and regionalization" 
company, ECO PLUS, was 
called into being. Its task 
was defined as enlarging the 
variety of the region by sup- 
porting innovative projects 
and thus strengthening Low- 
er Austria’s economic, cul- 
tural and social dynamism. 

Richard Plitzka. ECO 
PLUS Director, described 
the organization's task as 
“helping the regions to help 
themselves, so as to avert the 
inherent danger of all devel- 
opment being centralized in 
and around the new capital. 
St Pollen.” 

The largest single sector in 
which ECO PLUS is en- 
gaged is that of industrial 
settlement, which has so far 
involved the creation and 
management of six industri- 
al, business und service 
parks all over the province. 

The oldest and biggest is 
at Wiener Neudorf, only a 
short distance away from 
Vienna to the south. More 
than 280 companies, includ- 
ing many subsidiaries of in- 
ternational companies, have 
established themselves here, 
finding Wiener Neudorf a 
convenient base for servic- 
ing adjacent countries to the 
north and east. 

The newest of these parks 
is in Ennsdorf at the western 
extremity of the province, 
with its own harbor on the 

ECO PLUS is also in- 
volved in a trans-border 
park. ACCESS, at Gmiind- 
Ceske Velenice to the north- 
west. Its aim is to make opti- 
mal use of the respective 
husiness advantages of Aus- 
tria and the Czech Republic. 

At ACCESS, emphasis is 
placed on the promotion of 
completely new companies. 

and the same is true at 
Wiener Neusiadt, the largest 
town in the east of the 
province, where a Regional 
Innovation Center (RE) has 
been set up. 

This is what might be 
called a technology park, 
modeled on the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology 

Ernest Gabmann, Lower 
Austria’s economic council- 
lor, says that the aim of RE 
is to help small to medium- 
sized companies that are un- 
able to put sufficient money 
into research and develop- 
ment on their own. 

There is still a long way to 
go, Mr. Gabmann admits, 
since, without a full univer- 
sity, there is a shortage of 
academics in Lower Austria. 
This means that a cultural 
climate of interest lo man- 
agement must be established 
so that the right son of peo- 

ple will be attracted to the 

“I am nevertheless con- 
vinced," Mr. Gabmann says, 
“that Austria plays an im- 
portant role in Europe. The 
province's own industrial 
settlement company ECO 
PLUS can provide investors 
with interesting locations for 
their enterprises, either in 
fully infra-structured indus- 
trial. business and service 
parks or in individual coun- 
try locations, while giving 
comprehensive advice on ail 
matters relating to establish- 
ing an enterprise here." 

ECO PLUS itself, which 
operates from headquarters 
in Vienna, offers free con- 
sultation with detailed infor- 
mation on suitable locations 
and the availability of finan- 
cial benefits for companies 
from abroad. It will also helo 
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Page 19 


TTie Main Square fn downtown St Patten, an example of tfw cfly's baroque arc/utecfure. 

St. Polten - Old City, New Capital 

F ! or 65 years. Low- 
er Austria suf- 
fered the indigni- 
ty of not having 
its own capital. 

Although Lower Austria 
received a separate constitu- 
tion in 1921, its conservative 
administration stayed in pre- 
dominantly socialist Vienna. 
A seemingly endless series 
of obstacles (inter-war re- 
cession. Nazi-German occu- 
pation, the post-liberation 
struggle for full Austrian in- 
dependence) prevented the 
matter from being ad- 

A halfhearted attempt was 
made in the 1960s to set up 
an administrative center for 
Lower Austria just beyond 
the Vienna city limits, at 
Maria Enzersdorf. Construc- 
tion was begun, but the 
move was never made. Only 
the provincial power utility, 
now EVN, actually settled 
into the so-called “Sudstadt" 

A further two decades of 
dithering followed before a 
referendum was called in 
1986, which showed a clear 
majority in favor of the es- 
tablishment of a separate 
Lower Austrian capital. A 
relative majority chose St. 
Polten, with its suitable geo- 
graphical position at the cen- 
ter of the province and good 
transport infrastructure, as 
the best location. But where 
to put a complete new ad- 
ministration in this beautiful 
but rather small baroque 

An independent planning 
body, in the shape of a limit- 
ed-liability company called 
NO Plan, was set up to de- 
fine projects. These were. 

broadly, divided into a “gov- 
ernmental district” and a 
“cultural district” to be built 
adjacent to the existing town 
on a 20-hectare (49.4-acre) 
site along the banks of the 
capricious River Traisen, a 
tributary of the Danube to 

the historic old town, which 
distinguishes the design 
from all the others submit- 

Even the sensitive mayor 
of Sl Polten, Willy Gruber, 
forever anxious to stress the 
historic character of his city 

No taxpayer funds are being used 
for the new center 

Lower Austria's new government bttitBngwffl open in 1996. 

the north. A series of archi- 
tectural competitions en- 
sued, with the top prize for a 
design of the londhmts (seat 
of provincial government) 
going to the architect Ernst 

NO Plan Chairman Nor- 
bert Steiner points out “the 
excellent relationship with 

(which has a municipal char- 
ter dating from 1159), ad- 
mits that “the structure and 
quality of Sl PSlten’s econ- 
omy have undoubtedly im- 
proved with its installation 
as provincial capital," 
adding, *7 see it as my goal 
to retain the town’s charm 
and simplicity." 

Construction work on 
what is now the biggest 
aboveground project in Aus- 
tria. costing an estimated 5 
billion Austrian schillings 
($420.1 million) began in 
September 1992 and, ac- 
cording to Mr. Steiner, is 
‘Veil ahead of schedule in 
the governmental district, 
thanks in part to clement 
winter weather, so that the 
opening can be assured for 
1996, the Austria Millenni- 
um anniversary year." 

Although the main com- 
ponents of the Cultural Dis- 
trict, accounting for one- 
fifth of the total budget and 
including a festival hall, will 
also be completed as fore- 
seen (between 1997 and 
2000), some additional fea- 
tures, such as the provincial 
museum, may have to be de- 
layed until the beginning of 
the next century. 

Whatever happens, 
though, says the finance di- 
rector of NO Plan, Josef 
Ladenbauer, “Not a single 
schilling of taxpayers' mon- 
ey will be used to foot the 
bill. The financing is being 
done by selling valuable 
Lower Austria-owned prop- 
erty and real estate in Vien- 
na, and by dedicating pro- 
ceeds from the privatization 
begun in 1989 of EVN, En- 
ezgie Versorgung Niederds- , 
terreich, and other provincial 1 

Overall investment, up to i 
the year 2005 and including 
numerous housing projects | 
for the expected influx of 
3,000 civil servants and the 
staff of new enterprises in 
the Sl Polten area, are esti- 
mated at 23 billion Austrian 

Tourism: From Canoeing to Culture 

f the weather is 
good, the Vien- 
nese take it for 

„ granted that they 

can slip off for a short holi- 
day to the Vienna Woods 
[which are almost entirely in 
Lower Austria]; conversely, 
holiday-makers in Lower 
Austria know that they al- 
ways have Vienna to fall 
back on if the weather turns 
bad," says Gunter Weg- 
hofer, the province's direc- 

tor of tourism. The fact is 
that Lower Austria - which 
accounts for nearly one- 
quarter of Austria’s territory 

an unspoiled environment, 
well off the beaten tourist 
track, yet there is sufficient 
variety for energetic plea- 

More luxury hotels are opening 

and is itself almost half the 
size of the whole of Switzer- 
land - is the perfect place for 
“gentle" tourism. There is 
plenty of room for those 
seeking peace and quiet in 

sure -seekers and, above all, 
for culture fans. And, there 
are increasing numbers of 
luxury hotels and fine 

As Ernest Gabmann, 

.•* » ' ,, - V .. . 

v. ;. : 

» . •» . ^ / 

: > • • • -. v . •. : 


Lower Austria’s province 
councillor, expressed it in 
his recently published 
‘Tourist Image for Lower 
Austria 2001,” “I am con- 
vinced that we have consid- 
erable tourism potential ly- 
ing fallow that we ought to 

It is not difficult to com- 
bine an active open-air vaca- 
tion - canoeing on the Thaya 
River in the north of the 
province, for instance, or 
riding at ZwettI in the 
"Waldviertel" (forest dis- 
trict) - with cultural activi- 
ties such as attending a hob- 
by course (in pottery or 
woodcarving, for example) 
at Litschau, or visiting the 
permanent “From Mayerling 
to Sarajevo” exhibition at 
Artstetten Castle on the 

This, in its turn, is an in- 
ducement to take a Danube 
Steamship Company 
(DDSG) trip through the 
Wachau valley on whose 
terraced vineyards nearly 
half of Austria’s wine is pro- 

Also on the Danube, but 
farther downstream toward 
Vienna, stands Kloster- 
neubrng, which is not only 
ibe seat of a world- 
renowned Wine Research 
Institute, but also the site of 
a striking abbey, which was 
founded by the province’s 
patron. Saint Leopold, and 
which houses the gilt- 
enaxnel Verdun Altarpiece. 

‘Mark Ostarrichi’ : Austria Prepares 
To Celebrate Its Millennium in 1996 

A long with its ef- 
forts to attract in- 
vestors to Lower 
Austria. ECO 
PLUS has included in its re- 
gionalization policy the pro- 
motion of cultural projects 

A Danube festival 
has been created 

with tourist potential in 
widely separated pans of the 
province. Between 1986 and 
2006, an annual sum of 350 
million Austrian schillings 
($29.4 million) will be made 
available for the promotion 
of such projects. 

The biggest development 
so far in this sector has been 
work on transforming the 
former Roman settlement at 
Camuntum. 40 kilometers 
(24.8 miles) east of Vienna, 
into an archaeological park. 
The significance of Carnun- 
tum can be judged from the 
fact that in its heyday during 
the first and second cen- 
turies AD., it had as many 
inhabitants (50,000) as pre- 
sent-day Sl Polten and, ac- 
cording to the archaeologist 
in charge of the project, 
Werner Jobst, was, together 
with Aquincum (Budapest), 
the “departure-point for the 
history of the central 
Danube region as well as 
seat of the governor of Up- 
per Pannonia." 

Celebrating its 800th an- 
niversary this year, Wiener 
Neustadt was originally a § 
frontier fortress guarding | 
against Magyar incursions. “ 
During the late Middle | 
Ages, it prospered consider- § 
ably as the residence of 

Hapsburg Emperor Fried- 
rich III. whose motto was 
“AEIOU." (“Austria erit in 
orbe ultima , " or “Austria 
will survive until the end of 
the world"). It subsequently 
became the burial place of 
his son, Maximilian L who 
had strengthened the Inner 
Austrian duchies, including 
what is now Lower Austria. 

Also in 1994, throughout 
the summer, the charming 
800-year old town of Weitra 
in the northwestern Wald- 
viertel (forest district), will 
be hosting a large historical 
exhibition in the former 
Kue ruing fortress devoted to 
the ancient aristocratic 
FOrstenberg family, re- 
nowned for its patronage of 
the arts in Middle Europe for 
many centuries. 

At the eastern extremity of 

the province, the beautifully 
restored Schloss Hof. within 
driving distance of Vienna, 
has a nostalgic show entitled 
“Seafaring Power Austria - 
The Austro-Hungarian Navy 
from the Invention of the 
Steam Engine to the End of 
the Monarchy." Appropri- 
ately enough, the palace was 
the seat of the Imperial and 
Royal Naval Academy dur- 
ing World War I. 

As Liese Prokopp, the 
deputy governor of Lower 
Austria, said last month: Tn 
recent years, the atmosphere 
for cultural activities has be- 
come less hospitable. The 
new challenges that have 
arisen in Europe and the in- 
ternational situation have 
therefore been made the in- 
centive lor an active cultural 
policy on the pan of Lower 

Austria." With this in mind, 
the province has launched 
the Danube Festival. 

This year’s main event, 
devoted to theater and 
dance m the town of Krems, 
has a decidedly universal 
theme: “Life is a Laugh." 
Bulgarians will be partici- 
pating in the festival, which 
will be held from June 17 to 
July 2. 

Celebrations of the really 
big event of the century in 
Lower Austria are also be- 
ing prepared: The 1 ,000th 
an niversaiy in 1996 of the 
first written evidence of 
“Mark Ostarrichi” (the East- 
ern Marchland, i.e., Aus- 
tria). The document found 
in the market town of 
Neuhofen an der Ybbs will 
be duly honored when the 
time comes. 

EmpenxFrfedichWs motto was Inscribed on Wiener Neustadt Cethe&ailnl 467. 

This advertising section was produced in its entirety by the supplements division of the International Herald Tribune’s ad- 
vertising department • It was written by David Hemzges, a writer based in Vienna. • It was supported by the Government 
of Lower Austria, ECO PLUS, NO Plan, NO Tourism and the Vienna Airport 



Vienna International Airport offers you connections to more than 
110 destinations world-wide, 22 of which will comfortably take 
you to eastern Europe. Shortest possible transfer-times and short 
distances free your schedule from delays and mad rushing. That's 
why managers travelling via Vienna International Airport arrive at 
their destination more refreshed every day. 








Pa i Pa 8 e 20 



Mariners Snap Bosox Streak 
As Johnson Outduels Clemens 


The Associated Press 

As long as he has Ken Griffey Jr, 
on bis side, Randy Johnson always 
stands a good chance against Roger 


Johnson ou {pitched Clemens in 
only die second matchup between 
the strikeout aces, and the Seattle 
Mariners beat visiting Boston, 4-2, 
Monday night, stopping a six-game 
winning streak by the Red Sox. 

Griffey, as usual, feasted on Cle- 
mens's fastballs. Griffey went 3- 


for-3 with a solo homer off Ckm- 
eos, which put Griffey 15-for-33 
(.455) with two home runs in his 
career against the pitcher. 

“You know you're not going to 
get a lot of runs when you play 
against Roger," Johnson said, it s 
just that much more important to 
bear down and not give up runs 
yourself." _ , . , 

Johnson pitched a five-hitter and 
struck out nine. Clemens gave up 
six bits in seven innings. 

Clemens, who beat Johnson 7-1 

on May 31, 1992, in their only other 

meeting, hurt himself with an error 
that ledio two unearned runs in the 
third inning. 

With the bases loaded, one out 
and the game scoreless, Eric An- 
thony hit a high bouncer in front of 

the plate. Clemens got to the ball in 
time to make a play at the plate, but 
fumbled iL 

“The dank I made at home plate 
killed me," Clemens said. “I had it 

all the way —it hit me in the palm 

of the glove." , 

Brewers 13, White Sox 4: Teddy 
Higuera won for just the second 
time in the last three seasons for 
Milwaukee, while the Cy Young 
winner Jack McDowell struggled 
gain for Chicago at home. 

Kevin Seitzer, who drove in three 

nuts, and Alex Diaz each had four 
of the Brewers’ season-high 18 tots. 
Higuera gave up one run on four 
hits in six innings. McDowdl was 
roughed op for six runs on 1 1 tote 
in 4% innings. He has a 6.60 earned 
run average after five starts. 

Yankees 11, Angels 1: In New 
York, Matt Nokes hit a grand slam 
ftnri drove in five runs, and Paul 
O’Neill went 5-for-5 as the Yan- 
kees romped over California for 
their sixth straight triumph. 

Nokes played only six innings 
because of a sore right hand. Before 
be left, be had hit his sixth career 
slam and added an RBI grounder. 

Orioles 8, Athletics 6: Cal Rip- 
ken grounded a two-run double for 
the only hit during a four-run rally 
in the rixth inning that sent Balti- 
more over visiting Oakland. 

The Orioles took advantage of 

five walks by Steve Karsay and 
John Briscoe to the sixth, and Rip- 
ken doubled off Billy Taylor for a 
7-6 lead. 

Mike Mussina set down 18 
straight batters after giving up six 
runs to the first two innin g s . 

Royals 4, Blue Jays 3: Jeff Mont- 
ganwy got his fust save of the season 
when Toronto's Pat Bordets ground- 
ed into a disputed double play that 
ended the game to Kansas City. 

Paul Molitor homered twice for 
the Blue Jays, including an inside- 
the-park shot in the first toning off 
David Cone. Tbe Royals came 
back to take the lead against Dave 
Stewart, who struck out 10. 

Toronto put runners on first and 
third with one out in the ninth. 

Borders hit a grounder that short- 
stop Greg Gagne hobbled, but stQl 
managed to turn into a double 
play. Blue Jays manager Gto Gas- 
ton, who announced before the 
game that he was appealing a .three- 
game suspension for bumping an 
umpire on April 15, contended that 
Borders beat the relay. 

Twins 9, IntSans 7: Dave Win- 
field tied Ted Williams for 22d 
place on the career doubles list with 
525, helping Minnesota score five 
timfls to the seventh to Oeveland. 

The Twins hit six doubles, four 
of them in the seventh inning. Matt 
Walbeck drove in three runs. 

Marlins Stop Braves 
But Lose a Reliever 

The Associated Press 

When Bryan Harvey feds pain in 

his elbow, the Florida Marlins wor- 
ry. Harvey, who prevented the ex - 1 
panson team from blowing late- 1 
inning leads last season, hurt his 
pitching elbow in the ninth i nn i n g 

on Monday and had to leave as the 

Marlins took a 4-3 victory over 
visiting Atlanta. 

Harvey said he felt a burning 
sensation just below tbe elbow. He 


Winstari that he was not womed 
about the joint, which was surgical- 
ly repaired in 1988 and 1992. 

-'What am I going to do?" the 30- 
year-old right-hander said. “It’s al- 
ready done. If it’s blown out, it’s 
blown ouL If it’s just tendinitis, it’s 
nothing to worry about." 

Harvey started as a rdiever in 
the ninth inning, giving up a walk 
and angle. He threw a fastball for 
strike one to Javier Lopez, then left 
the game. 

Jeremy Hernandez came on and 
gave up a two-run double to Lopez. 
Hernandez then retired three 
straight batters for his fust save 
this season, but it was dose. Fust 
baseman Jeff Coninc made a diving 
catch of Deion Sanders’s liner to 
end the game with pinch-runner 
Mike Kdly at second. . 

The loss was Atlanta’s first in 11 
road games this season. 

Reds 4, Cubs 3: Chicago’s An- 
thony Young remained winless as 
Tony Fernandez homered on reliev- 
er Randy Myers's fust pitch in the 
ninth, and Roberto Kdly hit an RBI 
■angl e to the 10th in C i n ci n nati. 
Myers walked Barry Larkin 

opening die 10th, then let Hal Mor- 
ris's bunt roll under his glove for an 
error. Two oats later. Kdly singled 
home the winning run. 

Astros 7, Pirates 3: Andy Stan- 

kiewicz hit a three- run homer — his 
first homer since June 27, 1992 — 
and Craig Biggio connected for a 
two-nin homer against Pittsburgh 
in Houston. . 

Pete Hamisch pitched a six- tot- 
ter in his first complete game this 
season, the 15th of his career. He 
struck out eight and walked three. 

Rockies 7, Cardinals 6: In Sl 
L ouis, Andres Galarraga and Ellis 
Burks each hit their eighth homers 
to the fifth inning off Tom UrbanL 
Galarraga's three-nm shot tied the 
score 6-6 and Burks pul Colorado 
ahead with his third consecutive tat. 

■ Injured Toe Fells Gooden 

Dwight Gooden, the ace of the 
New York Mets’ staff, w2J be side- 
lined four to six weeks because of 
an injured toe. The Associated 
Press reported. 

The ligament and cartilage dam- 
age to his big right toe was discov- 
ered Monday during an exam at the 
Hospital for Special Surgery. 

The right-hander, 29, has been 
experiencing pain and further in- 
jured the toc p i iching last Thursday 
to Los Angeles. He hurt the toe on 
opening day at Wrigley Field to 
Oiiragn then missed a start and 
pitched against Houston at Shea 

“We're certainly disappointed. I 
wouldn’t use the word devastated," 
said Ed Lynch, the assistant to gen- 
eral matwiger Joe McDvaine. “This 
is part erf the game and the adjust- 
ment well have to make.” 

Graf Rods 
To Victory 


HAMBURG — Steffi Graf, 
the world’s top-ranked wom- 
en’s tennis player, shrugged 
off a death threat with a re- 
laxed and faultless perfor- 
mance Tuesday to her opening 
match at the Hamburg Open. 

Graf, returning to the court 
where Monica Seles was 

stabbed in the back a year ago, 

took just 35 minutes to dispose 
of her fdlow German Silke 
Frank], 64). 6-0. 

The death threat came to a 
handwritten letter sent to a 
Hamburg newspaper on Fri- 
day. The letter, which was 
published Monday, was 
signed “friends of Seles and 
opponents of Graf." 

The German police do not 
believe the threat is serious. 
But all players are being given 
two bodyguards and under- 
cover police are operating at 
the tournament- 

But Graf's mind was firmly 
on tennis on Tuesday. 

“I feel a bit sorry to win by 
this result but I can’t give any 
match away ” she said. 

Last year, Gunter Parche 
smuggl ed a kitchen knife into 
the Hamburg complex to a 
plastic bag and stabbed Seles, 
who was then the world No. 1, 
while she was sitting on a chair 
during a changeover. 

NFLTearo-by-Team Draft 

Plows ttated by rwiKfcPwntwwHaool and 
overall afcfc in pwentheses: 

Arizona Canflnah — 1. Jamlr Miller, lb. 
UCLA no>;Z Quick Lew. rto. Arizona 1381; X 
Rich BralWTLB. West Virginia (76); 3, Erie 
EnglencL de, Twos AIM (89); «. Perry Cor- 
For, Ob. Southern Mississippi IWI: *• JW" 
Reea. db Nebraska (T13I ; 4, Tarry IrvfUfcto 
McFMese Slate CHS): X Anthony Redman, g, 
Aubum n3WJ6,TerrySomtieta.te,KenhJc*v 
*172jj 7, Frank Harvey, rb, Grwola (2041. 

Aitaifa Falcom— 3, Berl E mwiueir w. Rice 
(4$); X An many Phillips, db. TexasWWA- 
Kb«gsvi1lt(72);iAlal Katonhivatofi Oregon 
Slat* (»); A Perry Klein. oh,c.w.Poat<ni>; 

4. Mitch Davis, ib, Georgia (1181; 5, Harrison 
Houston wr. Florida 038); 7, Jamal Ander- 
son rtv Utah (2011. 

BafMoBlIls— i, Jett Burris. db Notre Dame 
(Z7) ;XBuekv Brooks, wr. North Carol Ino 148); 

ILonnle Johnson, to, FlorWoStoh MU ;Z Som 

Rogers. lU Colorado (M); A Mario Perry, to 
Jackson Slate Itttl 1 Corev Louche*, at. 

South Carolina (W); s. Soon Croctar.ito north 

Carolina (1X1; 5, AJ. Odoms, to Missouri 
(138); & Anthony Abrams. de.Clarfc.Ga. (188); 
e, Kevin Knox, wr, Florida Slate M92) : 7. FH- 
mel Johnson, (to Illinois (221). 

Chicago Bears— 1. John Thlemri to Alcorn 
State (it); 2. Marcus Spears, at. MW Louisi- 
ana (39); X Jim Flan lean. dl. Notre Dame 
(74); 4 Rav moot Harris, rh. Ohio State (114); 

6. Llovd Hili.wr, Texas Tech (IX); 7, Dennis 
Collier, 5, Colorado (205). 

Cincinnati Bengali— 1, Dan Wilkinson, dt, 

Ohio State, (l);XDamav Scott. wr.5anDlega 
Stale (30) :X Jeff Cothran, rt* Ohio State 166); 

X Stove Shine. to Northwestern mis*. Corey 
Sawyer, (to Florida Stale (10«>; X Trent Pel- 
lard. ot Eastern Washington (132); X Klmo 
Von Oethoffea dt, Boise State (162); 6. Jerry 
Reynolds, ot. UNLV tl«4>; 7. Rnmon StalUnx 
de, San Dieso State (175). . 

Cleveland Brawns— I, Anion to Longhan, 
eta. Alabama It); 1, Derrick AMpwm y.wr, 
Michigan (29);1 Romeo Bantfhnn,dt, Oregon 
175); X Isaac Booth, db. California (Ml): X 
Robert Stroll, rh, Baylor 1171); 7, Andre 
Hewitt. Ol. Clemson (20). 

Dallas Cowt»Y*-li Shonte, Alta- 
na State (Zl): 1 Larry Allen, g. Sonoma Stole 
(46); X George Hegamlrw ot. North Carolina 

State (102): 4, wnifcJacfcsan.wr, Florida 1109); 

4. DeWavne Dotson, to Mississippi O 31 >; A Dar- 
ren studstllLcto West Vlratota 1191): 7,Todder- 
k* Mctntosh. dl. Florida Stale 1214). 

Denver Broncos— X Alton AMrtdge. to 

Houston (51); 4. Randy Fuller.db, Tennessee 

State (T23); 7. Keith Bums, to Oklahoma 
State (210): 7. Butler ByWe, rb. Ohio State 
(212); 7, Tom Naten, c Boston College I2H). 

Detroit Lions— 1. Johnnie Morton, wr. 
Southern Cal (21); X Van Malone, db. Texas 
(57); X Shone Bonham, dt, Tennessee (93) ; 4, 
Vaughn Bryant, db, Stanford (124); X Tonv 
Semple, g, Memphis State (154); 4. Jocelyn 
garget la. db, Cincinnati (1B3); 7. Thomas 
Beer, to Wayne State, Mich. (215). 

Green Boy Packers— l. Aaron Tartor.ot. No- 
tre Dan* (16) ; X LeShon Johnson, rb, Northern 
Illinois (M); A Got*, Gerdner-Wraxj 
( nt>; X Terry Mlckenx wr, Florida ASM (M6); 

5, Dorsey Levons, rb. Georgia Tech (1491/X Jay 
Keamev.wr. West Virginia ( WW.fc Rutfln Ham- 
itton. to Tutane 075): A BUI Sdworafct. wr. 
WtsconskhLaCrosM (lVD.XFmd Duckworth, 
to Connecticut (WO). 

2 HoastoaOltore-l, Houston. Henry, 
Arkansas 126); X Jeremy Nunley, de. Ala- 
bama (60); X Malcolm Seabran, wr, Fresno 
State (101); 4, Michael Davis, (to Cincinnati 

( TUI ; 4, Sean Jocfcson.rt>. Florida Slate 1129); 

X Roiderfck Lewis, te. Arizona (1571; X Jim 
Reid, ot. Virginia (161); 6. Lee Gissendmr, 
wr, Northwestern (187); X Barren Wortham, 
to Tex as- El Paso (1«4>; 7.Lemanskl HalLto 
Alabama (220). 

Indianapolis Coifs— I. Marshall Faulk, rtx, 
San Diego State (2); 1, Trev Alberts, lb. Ne- 
braska (S); X Eric MaMum, s. California 
(X) ; X Joson Mu lh e wa.ot, Texas ABM (47); 4. 
Brad Banta. to Southern Col (106); 5, John 
Covington, (to Notre Dome (1331; X Lamont 
Warren, rtv Colorado 1144); 7, Lance Teletiel- 
man, dt, Texas AXM (196). 

Kansas OtvCWets—l. Grey HIlLrfc, Texas 

: A4M125); 2. Donnell Bennett, rb, Miami (58); 

X Lake Dawson, wr, Nairn Dome (W) ; IChrts 

Penn. wr. Tulsa 1*6); 4, Bracey walker, (to 
North Carolina (127); 5, James Burton, <to 

Fresno Store HSU; X tobwatdrmdt. Arizo- 
na (156); 4, Anthony DatBle, rb, Fresno State 
(105); 7, Sieve Matthews, (to Memphis State 

(199): 7, Tracy Greene, to Grumbling 12191. 

Los Angeles Raiders— 1. Rob Fredrickson, 
to Michigan Slate Otts 1 James Frisian, to 
N E Louisiana (52) ; XCatvin Jones, rtx Nebras- 
ka (BO); 4, Austin Rabbins, dt. Norm Carolina 
(120): X Roosevelt Patterson, ol. Alabama 
(159); 7, Rob Hobnberg. to Penn State (217). 

Las Angeles Rams— 1. Wayne Gandy, at. 
Auburn (15); X Isaac Bruce, wr, Memphis 

State (33), -1 Toby WrighCdb. Nebraska (4*); 

X Brad Oltts, dt, Wayne State, Neb. (56),- X 
Keith Lvto db, Virginia (71); X jmne sBwhc , 

rb. Auburn (83); 1 Ernest Jones, to Oregon 

(100); 4, Chris Brantley, wr, Rutgers (108); X 
Rickey Brady, te, Oklahoma (167); X Ronald 
Edwards, ot. North Carolina A8.T (Wl. 

Miami Dotahtas — I, Tim Bowens, dt. Ml 
sippl (20); X Aubrey Beavers, to Oklahoma 
(51); X Tim Ruddy, c. Noire Dome (65); X 
Ronnie WooHorfc, to Colorado (112); X Wth 

Horn Go lmr».dt. Florida (U71.-X Brent Barer. 

to Arizona 1177); 7. Sean Hill. Cto Montana 
State (214). , 

Minnesota VWnos— 1. DeWavne Washing- 
tax eta. North Coral kto State (W); l. Todd 

Stewsslx at. ColHomhi (W); X David Palmer, 
wr, Alabama (48); X Fernando Smith. -de, 
Jackson Stale «5S)i < Mike Welts, dt. Iowa 
(125); X Shelly Hommondfc db, P«m State 
*134); X Andrew Jordan, to West Caroline 
(177); 7, Pete Befdch, to Notre Dame (HD. 

New Bmtaftd Potrlots-l. Willie McGtnesl, 
de. southern Cal 14); l Kevin Lee. wr. Ala- 
bemo 1351; l Ervin CaHler.dt, FtorWa ABJK 
(78); X Joe Burch, c Texas Southern (90); 4 
John Burke, to virgWo Tech 1)21); X Pot 
O’Neill, p. Svntewe (135); X Stave Hawkins, 
wr. western Michigan (166); X Max Lam.ot, 
Now (148) ; 7, Jar Walker, (to Howard (198) ,* 

7. Marty Moore, to Kentucky (222). 

Me wQ f i*g«Sa1nto--l.J«Jehnsqn.dfcL4w- 
tsvllte (13); 1 Mcrti Botex rto Arizona Slate 
(44) ; X Winfred Tubdx to Texas (79) ; 4 Doug 
H UHi Ti cl e r ,qb> I dodo (116); X Hein m i i CorroU. 
de. Mtobshtai State (M2) iXCratoNovlWcv.g, 

UCLA (M3 1 :X DerreH Mitchell, wr, Tew* Tedi 

U76): 7, Lance Lundberg, ol, Nebraska (2131. 

Hew York Giants— 1. Thomas Lewis, wr. 
Indiana (Mi 2, Thomas Randohto ( to tom- 
sas State (47); X Jason Sefiorn. db. Southern 
Cot (W); 3. Gary Downs, rtv North CaroHnq 
Sldtt (95): 4 Chris Maumakmsa. dt, Kansas 
(128); 3, Chad Bratzkxdx Eastern Kentucky 
1155); X Jason Wtnrow, 9, Ohio State (186). 

New York Jefs-l. Aaron Gfcon. (to Texas 
AXM 112) :2.Rvan Yarborough. wr.Wyomino 
(41); X Lou BenfattL dt, Pem State (HI; 4 
Ortanda Parker, wr. Troy State 1117); X Hot- 
ace Morris, to Tennessee (152); X Fred Les- 
ter, rtv AWtanta a&M (173); 7, Glenn Fatav, 
eto Boston College (209). 

PMladelPbta Eagles— 1. Bernard Williams, 
ot. Georgia (14); X Brace Walker, dt. UCLA 
(37): XCharilo Gamer, rtv Tennessee (42); X 
Joe Panes. 0. Wisconsin (771; X Erie ZomoJt. 
dtv California (103); X Marvin Goodwin, (to 
UCLA (144); X Rvon McCoy, to Houston 
(174); X MHth Berger, p, Colorado (193); 7, 
Mark Montgomery, rtv Wfemnsta (206). 

Pittsburgh Steetere-L Chartes Johnson, wr. 
Colorado (17); 1 Brwitson Buckner, da. Clero- 
son (SO);, OkWionio State 
(88); X Byron Morris, rtv Texas Tetfi (91); * 

Taose Faumul, da. HawcH l < 122) ; X Myron Ben, 

cto Michigan State (140); X Gory Brawn, of, 
Georgia Tech n«); X Brant Boyer, rv A rizona 
(178); X Eric Ravottl, to Penn State (180); 7, 
Brice Abrams, rtv Michigan State (209). 

Son Diego Cberaers-Z Isaac Davfx» Ar- 

keraas (43); X Vouohn Pfrter.g, UCLA <431;X 
Andre Coleman, wr, Kansas State (70);XWlBle 
Ckirk. dtv Netre Dame (B2); X Aaron Loins, to. 

NewMexImState 1 137); X Rodney Harrisoadb. 

Western llBnota (145); X Darren Kralrv dx Mi- 
ami (iso); X Tony Vinson, rtv Towson Stale 
(140); 7. 2bne Beehn. to Kentucky (207). 

Son Francisco Were — I, Bryant Young, db 
Notre Dame (7); t.Wllllam Floyd, rtv Florida 
State 1281; X Kevin Mitchell. Rv Syracuse 

(S3 J : X Tyrenne Drokeford, dh. vtnrirta Tech 
(tf);XDougBrien,k,CaHtamta (BS);XCnry 
Fleming, wr. Tennessee (87); & Tonv Peter- 
son, lb. NatraDamo (151); X Lee Woodall, to 
west Chester. Pa. (182). 

Seattle Seahawfcs—l. Sam Adams, de. Tw- 
os ABM (I); X Kevin Mawae, c Lautsiam 
State (16); X Lamar Smith, rtv Houston (73) ; 

4, Larry Wiegham.dta.NE Louistona (110); 7, 

Cartes! er Crumoler. to East Carolina (202). 
Tamaa Bay Beaamews-l, Trent DlHer. 

ata, Fresno State (6) ; X Err let Rhett. rb, F lorf. 

da (34); x Harold Btstmv to Louistona State 
(691 ; X Pete Ptenarv ot. Wa sh ington (134); X 
Bernard Carter, to East Carolina (1651; 7, 
Jim Payne, e. Virginia Tech (200). 

Hedsktpg— 1. Heath Shuler, <dv 

Monday’s Line Scores 

Temessee (3); X Tre Johnson, g. Tenure (31 ); 
X Tvdue Winona wr, Freano State (68) ; X Joe 
Patton, w Alabama ABM (97) ; 4 Kurt Hawx to 
Utah (105) ; Florida AXM 

(U3). 7. Gus Freratto <dv Tuba (197). 

MUmesota iff m 5ff-» 13 ■ 

Ctmtand 010 «I1 i«-7 W 1 

Desheiox TremWeY (4), Castor (8). Agul- 
lera mandWaarecK; De.Mor11nez.Swan (7). 

ML Turner (7). Bama (7), LlHkwis* (W «« 
P«na W — Trombley. 24. ir-Oe.MorUnoz,M. 
5r— AouDero 15). Hito— Cleveland, Lofton 
tt), Baerga (3), Bell* 2 151. 

CoDforata 000 808 881— 1 7 3 

New York 305 883 tte-H W J 

NL Letter, Sotnoen (4). Imris (7) and t 
Turner; Kay, WkfcflMri (8) and Nokes. Leyr- 
Itx (71. W— Key, 3-1. L— M. Letter. M. 
HRs— New York, Nokes (2), kWlllloro* (*)- 
Toronto l* W l \ 

Kansas CRT *■* 8*9 * • 1 

Stewart ond Borders; COUf, Mantfoniery 
(9) and Mocfartone- W-Cono, 3-J. 
L— Stewart. W. Sv-MonWomery 111. 

HRp-Toronto Molitor 2 (21. 

O0OP0 281 m HO-6 > 1 

Baht more MB M« 18*-B H » 

Karsay. Briscoe (4), Tovior (6). Reyw (« 
and SMnboch; Mussino, Mills (8), L a Smi th 
l. Sv-UL smith (10). MR-Oaktand. Javier TO- 
Milwaukee 1H M4 oei-13 is o 

Chicago . ■ 188 808 03B— 4 7 1 

Higuera. Kiefer (7), BronkeV W) ond Nib- 
son. Mathew 17); McDowell. Stfiwarz (5). 
Cook (6) ond Karkovtcx w-ntguora. vi. 
L— McDowett, 1-1 HR — Qrtcooo, Pasaua (2). 
Boston eee lfi «*-« * > 

Seattle M2 «• ei»-S ■ 1 

Clenwns. Fossa (B>. Bankhead (SiandV W- 

le; R. Johnson and WUseaW— R. Johnson.2-1. 
L— Clemens. 2-1. HRs— Boston, Fletcher 111# 
Dawson (4). Seattle. Griffey (6). 


Atlanta Mi •» «•*-< 1 ■ ■ 

Flertda » **0 «1 p-« 9 7 

Gkrrine, Bednaalan (7). HW (8) end uuez; 
weathero Y. Perre (B). Harvey (9). J. Hernan- 
dez (Wand Santiago, w Weat h er s. H. L-Gta- 
vine. XX Sv-sL HcrnondK (1). HRs — Altanta, 
Lopez (4). Florida, Shetflekl (6). 

Plttsbergh •» « tm-9 t 1 

Houston 041 Mi *S»-7 B ■ 

Negate, Minor (7), RJManzonlHo (B) and 
Staught; Harm sch and ServotoW— Ham beta, 
1-X L— Neagle. ’-a. HRs— Houstaa Btoota 12). 
STanklewlcz n>. 

Chicago 201 ere eoe e-3 1 1 

anctandti HI 111 HI 1—4 9 1 

HO tarings) 

A. Young. Bautista (7>.Pteaoc l71.Crtm (B), 
Myers (f) ami Wilkins; RltoMcEtray (8). J. 
Brantley (10) and Domett. Taubensee (0). 
w— Brantley. l-X L— Myers, 0-1. HRs-Cto- 
cbmati, Mitchell (5), T. Fernandez <2>. 
Colorado 129 -0« 000-7 11 1 

5L Loots 30# 300 000—6 9 • 

Freeman. Ruffin (7). Holmes 19) ond 
snootier; Sut ditto Urban! (3), Palacka (7). 
Murphy »). W. Smith 19) ond Pappas. T. 

McGriH (9). W— Freeman, WLL—Urbanl, H 

St— H olmes CB. H IU C riura dx H. Johnson 
(1), Galarraga IB), Burks 18)- SL Louts, Jor- 
don (2), Lankford (4). 

The Michael Jordan Watch 

MONDAY'S GAME: Facing the Greenville 
Braves. Jordon went l-for-4. In the filth, he hit 
a twtwun single to left oil Jason Schmidt He 

struck out In the seeend taming reidgraundtd 
out in the third and seventh Innkigo. In Hie 
second Inning, he mode odtvtng cuKJi oiaftv 
ball ta right Held hit by Thn Gtlib. 

SEASON TO DATE: Jonlan e x tended Ids 
hitting streak ta 12 gomes. He b batting 320 

rnuIkKWII. TOCCM.1. 1»» 

murtsaon. Pit (itaakhiri. k*™***- 


Ptttitwrgh. Borresso. N (2W6). ^ 

1 2 2-« 

"ELjTpiriod-l. Buffalo. KttmVfav 3 

MacLran 2 iLemhw ^ 

BMfhtto Plante 1 

gfHes— HanaoB. Buf HrirefarmW- ' 
Moiter.Blrf (WBl«ltaWiW>.M:«' 
IWgfwflcklisl.'WJS! Dowd, NJ (unsportf 
manlike eomtoct). # 

•aamd period— 4 Baffato MoODnY * 
ll^rchuk. KhmyHriMftt & Me* ■ 
Lomleux 2 (Canwi»r,Daneyko),7 JAHw 
Jersey. Rkher3 (Dowd. Ste vom). 18.IB Cwrt- 

Penalttes— Oan*yko. NJ 

1:10; LemleutaNJ (slatfthiol.a^jLomriwb 
NJ (kneettig). 10:49; Bodgw, Buf iMdM). 
17:34; Suthrn. But (WebdlWUno). 19.54, 

Dowd. NJ (stahsing), 19:54. 

Third Period-7, New Jur*'*- Lrmtaux 3 
(Slovens). 4:30. X 

(Lemieux. Stevens). 19ri2 (on). Penattv-Al- 
brim. NJ (hlglMtlcklng), :1X 
Shots oo ooct— BuHafa 8»3 -20- New Jer 
sev 73.11-11-35; ay orererterihre; 

— ekrttota 0 ot 3; NewJersev2of4,gooBw- 
— Buttotatta3ek.Z-3 (34 shots-30 saves). Now 
Jersey, Bradear, 3-2 120-17). 

ssr ! t ! K 

First Period— Nona. penalties — Wes lev. 
Bos (trip0taB).l:l9; Dalgneoutt, Mon i thta h- 
sticking). 2:44; firtsebo ts, j^fW orfer- 
•nee 1,7:44; shaw.Bos (imspo rtsmarilkea in- 
duct). 13^7; Odetaln, Mon (unsportsmemiiw 
conduct). 13:37; LeCWr.Mon 
U:3B; Dostardbis. Mon lcronde«l™l' 
16:21,- Murray. Bos {Wgtaallcklng), 18 JB. 

rwKwI None PendNes— Knfos- 

- »— a Roger Pavia, gttchcr, fa Pert 

outlet* rehabnltalhn ». 

OttvP' , on waivers Iot Pur- 

^dJoratb Hunt pttcher.faOWdhoma Oty. 

NBA Final Statistics 

SEASON leaders 


- .. -- ej. 80 840 693 Z383 29J 

^2or1 B1 953 471 2377 2JJ 

Ota^O^HOu 00 W4 W 2184 27J 

SEmSS: 7* «8 442 fill toj 

s s 

Smid. SOC 78 635 « in 2W 

ESSZSl 72 627 2Jf 158? 226 

r*S«, Phof. 65 SIB 3TB 140 216 

663 250 17W 21.1 

E—Uji GA 82 613 3S 1720 216 

*B 586 23B 1403 206 
« 5» 276 1410 3M 
Stonml N J. 77 541 439 1S» 2X2 

SomerTLAC » 569 299 150B 58.1 

cSSmoftPort 82 6fl 353 1647 20.1 

SS IML 79 524 403 1574 195 

S.MI. 82 637 SB 1576 193 

Sp- DoIL 79 SSI 306 1513 I9J 

W^Afl. 90 627 268 1CT 19.1 

Oifeat Orl. 
Mutombo. Den. 
Thorpe. Hou. 
Webber. GA. 
Kemp. Sea. 
Vguehl, LAC 
Gebdttos. Phoe. 
5mlto Ind. 

D. Davis. Ind. 
Otoluwen. Hop 
S tockton. Utah 

dicer, Bos tlnterterence>,7-^3J 
(hoidtng), 12:06; C o rhonneou. Mon (rousn- 

* f TWrt Period— 1. Boston. Shmspri I 
Roberts). 2:12. X MortreeX LeOalr 1 (Muller. 
Stevenson). 14:49. Penalthw-Weslev. Bw H fr 
terterence). 2^3; Manats. Bos (rougnmg;. 
10:45; Dclgnoault, Mon (rougMno). 10^. 

O ver tim e— X Montreal. Muller 5 (Steven- 
son, Brisebob). .17:18. Penaffles— Murrov, 
Bos (roughing), 10:44; LeCialr, Man Iroujri- 
Ing), 1Q-.44; Stww. Bos (dash tag). 13:07. Lo- 
ClaJr. Mon (staswnat. 13d>7. 

Shots an goal— Montreal 55- 17-10—3X BOS- 

tan 29-1 M4-l6—6l;power-ptayoppor Toni tles- 
— MwtfrealOotSj BostonOof 5; OQuIleg— Mon- 
treal. Rov. 3-1 (61 shats-60 saves). Boston, 
Casey. 1-2 0644). 

World Championships 


Austria X Germany 2 
Russia IX Britain 2 


United Slates X Francs 1 



Hodman SA 
014 eaL OrL 
Wllllx AIL 

Otatuwon Hou. . 80 2» 
Polytdav Det^Sac 68 
MutarrixvDen; • 82 
Oakiev. N.Y. 82 
K. Malone, Utah 82 
Cotaman. NJ. 77 
Ewtns. N.Y. 79 



































• ’’ . - 





e on 

oef Tot 


79 453 

914 1367 


81 384 

688 1072 


• ( T 

80 335 

628 963 


a no 

Stockton Utah 82 1031 

Booties. Char. 77 780 

BkiykxX. AtL 81 7W 

K. Anderson, NJ. 82 7B4 

K. Johnson, Phoe. <7 637 

Strickland, Port. 82 740 

Douglas. Bon 78 681 

• Jackson LAC 79 678 

Pries. CEev. 76 5B9 

M. Williams, MUm. 71 512 

Team Offense 

726 955 119 

510 809 11.9 
286 685 971 114 
349 616 965 1U 
235 70S 940 115 
262 609 870 I1J 
219 666 885.112 












GoWen St- 

Tour of Spain 

Major League Standings 

East Division 

W |L M. GB 
Boston 13 ! 6 584 — 

New York 12 1 6 567 fa 

Toranlo 12 7 512 1 

Baltimore 11 7 411 1W 

Detroit 6 12 J33 6Mr 

Japanese Leagues 

Cerirtri Leome 

W L T Pd. GB 

Yomlurt 9 4 0 MX — 

Yokohama B 7 8 .533 1 

Omnkhl 7 7 0 560 1W 

Yakut! 7 7 0 .M0 TVS 

Hiroshima 7 7 0 500 In 

Hanshbi 5 9 0 J57 3W 

Tuesday's Result* 

Hiroshima X Yomlurt 0 
Yokohama X Chunkhi 3 
Yukon X Han*tfn4 

Central Division 




T ' 




11 7 









10 7 










11 8 









Kansas Oly 

8 9 










7 13 



Nippon Han 






west Division 







Cal Horn la 

I 12 400 — 

7 11 50* — 

7 12 M Vi 

5 11 513 1 

East Dlvtsim 






New York 












Central Dbrtstan 




51. Louis 












West Division 

Sai Francisco 






Los Angeles 



San Diego 



Dakri tOrtcS 
NKv»n Ham X tOntetoi 3 
Lotte X Setbu 1 


NHL Playoffs 

11 521 5V> 

556 2Vi 

Washington 0 2 0-4 

Pttt s tw r gk 1 l * 

First Period— l. Ptthburatv McEocheni i 
(Lemieux. UJomuelsson), 1:41. Pe nettles 
-Berube, was (holding stick). 3:07; Tocchet, 
Pit (tripotng), 9:23; Peoke. Wos (roughlna). 
11:26; Tocchefi Pit (roughing). 11 at; Jogr. 
PH dripping). 15:12; Jones. Wos (Interfer- 
ence]. 17:15; Jones, was. mboomhict, 20:00; 
Taoltoneffl Pit mbeomtocS. 20.DO. 

Second PertaO-2. Washtaatan. RWtay 2 
(Cafe). 5:1X X Washington, Hatcher 1 (Ju- 
neau. Bandra), 6:4X X Pittsburgh. Stevens 1 

Results Tuesday from the seared stage, a 
nxidtometer (llXroHc) stretch from VoUo- 
deBd ta S u t um anco; 1. Laurent Jolobert, 
France. ONCE, 4 hews. 34 minutes. 51 *eo 
ends: X Ami E<ta,5patn, KehiMV tame nme; 
X Endrto LeanL Italy. Jolty, xt.; 4 OMa 
Chwfla Ukraine, CastcflblandvsJ.; X Juan 

Cartas Gcraotoz, Sarin. Euskwfl, xt.; X Anto- 
nio FOmrtli. Italy, Amore aid vkto xt; 7, 
Tristan Hoffman, NeHiertandx TVM. xL: X 
Writer Casftgnota. I taly. Navlgarw xt; 9. An- 
Ionia Sanchez. Spain. Arttoch, xL; IX Rlc- 
cortto ForeonL Italy, Amore ond Vfda. xt 
Overall staadhns: L Tony Romtnger.fadt- 


zeriand. ONCE. 20 seconds behind; X Mekhor 
Mauri, SPokv Banesto 24 behind; 4 Gtantacn 
pieroboa Italy. Amore aid Vito 27 behind; & 
Adrian Bath, HBfc Mereatbrw.29 bdttad; 4 
Marina Atarax SPdhv Baiesto 33 behind; 7. 
Abraham Otan«v Spain, Mopri-Oa. 34 behind; 
XStaBtienHodae,Auslrailiv Fretlnn,34 behind; 
9,JesraMwdoya.Snaln,Barasta,3B behind; IX 
Pedro Dcigato Spain. Banesto 39 behind- 


American Leagoe 

BALTIMORE— Optioned Brad Pemlnglav 
pitcher, to Rochester. IL. Recalled Mike 
Owtst, pitcher, tram RaSwster. 

CALIFORNIA— Opti om ta Mika Butcher. 
Pilcher, to Vancouver, pa_ Bought co ntract 
oi Ken Patterson, pitcher, and Jorge Friire- 
Bax catcher, from Vancouver. Put Greg my- 15dov dbabtod Ibt. Desfanot- 
edMark Sweeney, outftekler.tor unhmmart. 

CLEVELAND— Put Omar VbnueL short- 
stop. and Sandy Alomar, catcher, on V-day 
disabled Ibt, Vtwael retroaUlve to April 23. 
Bought cw itrocti of Mott Mervtlo, catcher, 

DETROIT— Gerrv Gronhiger, manager o( 
Lakeland. FSL, resigned. Promoted Mark 
Wagner, manager ot FayettevHto SAL. man- 
ager ri Lakeland. Named Dwight Lowry man- 
ager ot FavettevWe. 

New Jersey 
LA. CDPPere 
LA- Lakers 
San Antonia 
New York 
Do Das 

New York 

Son Antonia 








Denver . 


New Jersey 







LA. Lakers 




Golden St. 


Su umn onto 


LA Clippers 

02 0876 
02 BIH4 
82 8795 
82 8722 
82 1687 
82 8666 
82 8475 
82 8461 
82 8447 
82 8354 
92 8318 
82 8296 
82 8292 
82 8291 
B2 8280 
82 8267 
92 8233 
82 8229 
82 8221 
82 8202 
82 8074 
82 8033 
82 8033 
82 7949 
82 7949 
82" 7930 
82 7801 





























Are*;' ^ 



V s 






V s 





- 1. 












v* • , - 



** .. 









1010 . 






1034 ' ' 

| L 











. 6 



104.7 - - . _ 



1045 ’ ... . 






1Q5.6 - . . 

f I 








t . 






i07j ■ 




’ T 


] TEAGA 1 

n n 



1 i TlJ 










every Saturday 
in the IHT 




Barcelona ? s Goal Is Goals Inter Milan Gains a Lea Up in UEFA Final 

" laiemanouai Herald Tnhutu. _ ... O JL 

m-T rYMrvnv. / " ,er,,a,,0 '* a/ Herald Trhune 
:L drooping a thine? a lh ?°F 01 adrcn ^f e into a 

- ,1 im s sfe 

'“‘J 311 redu “ d 10 a P^a 
the opportunities „ n !I? bcr ^ S 301 ® played, and 
;. sporiT^ 10 pr0f ^ acee * the purpose of 

fikeffl a^e^IhMt AC Mil an - priority is to 

t- and stop the other ^ 

‘.team playing, why 5° b • 

t it s no sweat at ail Hughes 
j. ; 'to notch just a 

; 4 - : Sd P il^ S! 0n ' es ’ K Ue U P four wthom goals, 

: ^ eveo h, eg«-nK)tiey semifinals. 

4 thai it 150 competent on defense, 

’ f? CUa: makes perfect-. The MUm team, 

■ BefluscotThas coasted to a third 
, XMsecun w /tahan title fay scoring 36 goals and con* 

.ceduigjus!l4in33maiches. ^ 

’ - J ust same: Milan shed the majestic 
, R^I^ DCe j 1 °I r )., arou " d the Dutch masters Gullit. Van 
^ Rykaard. From six Champions’ League 
• ne ^ pmgma lists squeezed six goals, con- 

. ccoeo lXv p, ana claimed home advantage for the semi- 
- 'final against Monaco. 

Frenchman, the combative midfielder Marcel 
<- uesaury, has been the anchor, the embo dimen t of this 

■ new Milano. There wni fin nnn c. n 

... red and black for holding Italy’s championship, these 
t 316 1 3115 long on patience, fans for whom the winning 
.. -means more than the matter of style. ° 

. ; They expect to dispose of Monaco. They trust 
••.Franco Barest, a five-time Italian champion, to ar- 
, r3n S c defensive cover that stifles the boastfulness out 
*• i°> Monaco’s German striker Jurgen Klinsmann, 

Even Monaco expects it. 

-V “People give my team less than a 30 percent 
- chance,” said Monaco's coach, Arsene Wenger. “O.IC, 
maybe we’ll just leave our complexes in the dressing 
t room." 

M AYBE. Monaco is the pretender that never 
qualified for the Champions' League, but its 
, progress has commendably erased some of the Olym- 
pique Marseille corruption aroma. 

o _ 

- ■ Built around the slender F.nyn Scifo, who is Belgian 
- by birth, Italian by origin, Monaco is princely when 
the occasion suils. Goals come from Youri Djorfcaeff, 
French international who snipes from midfield, and 
^on nights of the bright lights from Klinsmann. 

The German’s athleticism was once prominent in 
Milan's dty rival. Inter, and when this season is over 
• he makes a $4 5 million return to Italy, to Sampdoria. 
*/; Meanwhile; those who would like to see him muz- 
ailed include Italy’s p rime-minis ter-in-wai ring. For 
' Berlusconi seldom forgets criticism, and two years 
\ 'ago. possibly never expecting to see San Siro again, 
i Klinsmann said: 

' ‘ “Berlusconi may be successful with his newspapers 
- and TV channel^ but no-one would know of him 
“ without football. He simply uses AC Milan to gain 
r'ifame. He’s not interested in the human aspect, only 
•’ ihe economics.” 

There is a grain of troth in Klismann’s words. But 
Berlusconi is smitten by soccer, be craves the No. I 
spotlight, and be used bis $70 million input per season 
to buy some majesty. 

Since Fabio CapeUo became team coach in 1992, 
winning has been all. His record is 6 1 victories, 40 ties, 
five losses, and most of the silverware Berlusconi tikes 
to get his hands on. 

Churlish of us to caD for thrills, for goals as well. 
Churlish, but we get that in the other semifinal. At 
Non Camp, 1 10,000 Catalans will roar on Barcelona 
against Porta 

They will bring high hopes of seeing the net bulge, 
and aspirin to control the heart flutters. For under 
Johan Cruyff, Barcelona is a compulsive risk-taker, a 
team prepared to score five goals even if it means 
conceding four. 

That crowd will try to suck the ball into Porto's net. 
They will reach spasms of excitement when Romano 
or Hristo Stoichkov, the inspirational Brazilian and 
volatile Bulgarian, threaten goals. Their anticipation 
win explode when Ron Koeman’s Dutch right foot 
takes aim anywhere within 40 meters of Porto’s net. 

Porto will not arrive overawed. Its captain. Pinto, 
helped win the Champions' Cup in 1987. Its coach, the 
Englishman Bobby Robson, twice rejected overtures 
to coach Barcelona, and be predicts: “There’ll be five 
goals — at least” 

R OBSON, a 61-year-old child of enthusiasm, is 
respected for his wiles in Europe, if somewhat 
irritatingly labeled “lucky” by his compatriots. 

His ludfc was in getting sacked by Sporting Lisbon 
after a surprise defeat in Europe to Salzburg Casino, 
and within a couple of months being hired by Porto. 
Luckily, Robson 1ms rejuvenated Porto, so that it 
plays the Portuguese Cup Final against Sporting oa 

And luckily his new team runs for him. It has order 
in defense — where Olotsio, a Brazilian, in entrusted 
to tiy to read the instincts of Romano. It breaks 
quickly into attacks. It has options of Emil Kosta- 
dinov, a Bulgarian, Ion Timofte, a Romanian, and 
even a home-bred Portuguese. Domingos Oliveira, in 


That at least will be intriguing. Because there are no 
second chances, because this is a semifinal to be 
fiwi«ii«ri on one night, Robson sees nothing but a full- 
bloodied, high-scoring contest 
He trusts in omens. One was the 5-0 performance by 
which Porto shocked Werder Bremen in Germany a 
month ago. Another was the 10 strides he saw a former 
player of his, the Russian Sergei Cherbakov, take in 
Lisbon recently. 

Cherbakov bad driven on to a night club, and then 
crashed his car, after attending a sentimental farewell 
dinner to Robson when he departed Sporting. 

“We were told the spinal column was fractured in 
three {daces, the doctors told him forget about foot- 
ball, he’d never walk again,” he said. 

When, two weeks ago, Robson witnessed Cherba- 
kov’s 10 paces with a walking frame, the Englishman 
commented: “We thought it a minor miracle. He’s a 
strong character psychologically. I have some players 
like that, its a great boost” 

The Nou Camp stadium, by comparison, bolds no 
fears. Neither should any stadium in what, we almost 
forget, is a game of goals. 

M Hi^ha a m *e mfftj 7V Tima. 


VIENNA — Internationale Mi- 
lan, reduced to 10 men for almost 
the whole of the second half, 
moved dose Tuesday to winning 
the UEFA Cup when they beat 
Casino Salzburg, 1-0, away m the 
first leg of the final 

Midfielder Alessandro Biaachi 
got his marching orders in the 48th 
minute after receiving a second yel- 
low card but by then the Italians 
were already in the lead. 

Nicola Beni, just back from a 
lone injury layoff, had netted in the 
35th minute with an opportunist 
goal that burst the bubble sustain- 

ing Salzburg throughout this sea- 
son’s competition. 

The Austrians, surprise finalists; 
had not conceded a single goal in 
their five previous UfcFA Cup 
home games. 

Inter, salvaging a disappointing 
league season, will be heavily fa- 
vored to take the trophy for the 
second time in four years after the 
second leg in Milan on May 11. 

An Inter triumph would take the 
UEFA Cup to Italy for the fifth 
time in the last six years and keep 
open Italian chances of a dean 
sweep in this season's dub compe- 

Parma is in the Cup Winners’ 
Cup final and AC Muan remain 
favorites in the European Cup. 

Salzburg, which missed three 
suspended players, including the 
league’s leading scorer, Nikola Jur- 
cewc, win be without striker Her- 
mann Stadler and midfielder 
Heimo Pfdfenberger in the second 
leg after both received thrir second 
yellow card of the lownamenL 

Inter will miss BianchL who got 
booked in the 10th minute and then 
pulled down Franz Aigner just af- 
ter the interval to earn a second 
yellow and a red from the Danish 
referee, Kim Milion-Nidsen. 

Beni's goal came against the run 
of play, the midfielder slipping the 
ball past Austrian keeper Otto 
Konrad from a tight position Inside 
the penalty area where he was sur- 
rounded by defenders. 

Despite the vociferous support 
of some 45,000 Austrians in the 
Prater stadium, Salzburg was un- 
able to trouble a resolute 10-man 
Inter side in the second half. 

Slavko Kovacic, assistant Salz- 
burg trainer, said: “We still have a 
very small chance in Milan, but 
what the Italians showed with only 
10 players was a fantastic perfor- 

mance and they will be very tough 
to beat in Italy. 

■ Bayern Victory Annulled 

Bayern Munich and Nuremberg 
were ordered on Tuesday to replay 
a soccer league match after video 
evidence snowed that Bayern, 
which leads the German league, 
had been awarded an invalid goal 
Reuters reported from Frankfurt. 

The Goman soccer federation 
canceled Bayern’s 2-1 victory on 
Saturday after studying television 
pictures that showed their opening 
goal by Thomas Hehner had not 
crossed the goal line. 

^ I.*-' 

Heart Problem 
Forces Holyfield 
To Quit Boxing 

NFL to Ward: Sorry, Charlie 

Oman Vr*nt/Tbe Amxbwd Plo» 

Tbe American Craig Wolerin charged on as France's Mkhel Leblanc went down in the U5. victory. 

Russia Crushes Britain, 12-3 

The Associated Presx 

ATLANTA — Evander Ho- 
lyfield, diagnosed with a con- 
genital heart condition, an- 
nounced his retirement from 
boxing on Tuesday, four days 
after he lost die world heavy- 
weight tide to Michael Moorer. 

Holyfield’ s personal physi- 
cian, Dr. Ronald Stephens, said 
the condition was diagnosed af- 
ter Holyfield lost a 12-round 
decision to Moorer on Friday 
night in Las Vegas. 

But tbe doctor said the condi- 
tion was not life threatening. 

“Mr. Holyfield fought this 
fight in heart failure and it’s an 
absolute mirade be could fight 
this fight for 12 rounds in this 
condition,” he said. “It's hard 
enough to fight in perfect con- 

In a conference call Stephens 
said Holyfield could live a nor- 
mal active life, but be could no 
longer box. 

Stephens said the condition, 
diagnosed as a noocomphant 
left ventrical prevented suffi- 
cient oxygen from being 
pumped to Hdyfield’s muscles 
and body tissues. 

“The left ventrical squeezes 
blood out of the heart normally 

but does not fill up normally,” 
Stephens said. 

Holyfield, a two-time heavy- 
weight champion, made the de- 
cision to quit the ring as soon as 
he knew tbe results of tests tak- 
en Monday at Crawford Long 
Hospital of Emory University 
in Atlanta. 

“1 fed pretty good now," Ho- 
lyfield said on Tuesday. *Tve 
recovered a little bit. Fm happy 
in one way. At least I know 
what the problem is.” 

Holyfield said that for about 
two years, he had had a fatigue 
problem and had recovered too 
slowly from fights. 

“Wien the doctor told me 
what the problem was, it just 
dieted,” Holyfield said on tire 
conference can. 

The doctor, a general sur- 
geon, said the condition was un- 
detectable until it was discov- 
ered after the Moorer fight that 
Holyfidd had a kidney condi- 
tion ca nM 4 from dehydration 
and strenuous exercise. 

“You treat that condition 
with massi ve Quid replacement, 
and that’s when we determined 
Evander had a heart problem 
hucantf! his heart couldn't han- 
dle tbe fluid,” Stephens said. 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Charlie Ward, 
the all-American quarterback 
from Florida Stale and H eisman 
Trophy winner, was not among 
the 222 players taken in the Na- 
tional Football League draft. 

It was only the third time that 
had happened to the winner of 
college football’s roost presti- 
gious award, which was created 
m 1935. 

The only other Heisman win- 
ners wbo were bypassed were run- 
ning backs — Mike Rozier of 
Nebraska in 1984 and Pete Daw- 
kins of Army in 1 959. Rozier had 
alread y signed with the upstart 
UJS. Football League and eventu- 
ally played in the NFL. Dawkins 
faced a U.S. Army commitment. 

Ward also is rated among die 
better college basketball point 
guards and is likely to be taken in 
the National Basketball Associa- 
tion draft in June. Thai was tbe 
rnaip reason cited in tbe NFL for 
the lack of interest in Ward. 

“It’s a situation he has pre- 
sented himself,” said Green 
Bay’s general manager, Ron 
Wolf. “No one is really sure how 
important football is to him.” 

But the Minnesota Vikings 
said they would offer a contract 
to Ward. Warren Moon’s only 
backups are Gino Torretta — the 
1992 Heisman winner — and 
Brad Johnson. Neither has 
thrown a pass in an NFL game. 

“Whether or not he accepts it 
that’s up to Charlie ward,” 
Coach Dennis Green said. “A 
free-agent contract is not very lu- 
crative; but whal it gives you is 
opportunity. If he’s interested in 
the opportunity to play in the 
National Football League, then 
he’d have that dance. If not, then 
he’d move on and we would also.” 

Ward completed 695 percent 
of his passes for 3,032 yards and 
27 touchdowns while throwing 
just four interceptions last sea- 
son, when he led the Semmotes 
to their first national title. 

The 6-foot (1.82-meter), 182- 
pound (82rkDogram) Ward holds 
several Atlantic Coast Confer- 
ence records, including the high- 
est career completion percentage 
(62.3) and most touchdown 
passes in a season. 

On Monday, be said he was 
“not really frustrated." 

“I have done everything I 
could possibly do to get dratted 
by tbe NFL," he said. “Now the 
NBA draft is coming up and I 
have a chance to prove myself in 
that sport. Tbe Lord is going to 
garde me in the right direction. 
The NFL has given me the fust 
step to see what my options are.” 

“ I’m not going to worry about 
where Tin going because I’ve got 
my degree," he added. “I can 
always rail back on (hat and get a 
gooa job. Maybe FD be the first 

r* fcrt»m Trophy winner that 
plays in the NBA.” 

(NYT, AP. WP) 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

BOLZANO, Italy — Russia 
crushed the surprise qualifier Brit- 
ain, 12-3, in its first game at the 
world hockey championships on 
Tuesday but came out of it with 
little idea of their prospects against 
the favorites, Sweden and Canada. 

Eleven different members of the 
former “Red Machine” scored 
against a highly inexperienced Brit- 
ish team that was little more than 
cannon fodder. 

“We didn’t do everything we 
could," said the coach, Boris Mik- 
hailov. “But every game helps us 

S -ove the team. I was very happy 
the result.” 

The Russian side was strength- 
ened by a dutch of National Hock- 
ey League players who should hdp 
avoid a repeat of the embarrassing 
performances by the young Olym- 
pic team in LQlehammer. 

That squad finished out of the 
for the first time in tbe 
history of teams from tbe Tenner 
Soviet Union. 

Soviet squads had dominated the 
world championships since 1963. 

But with the breakup of the Soviet 
Union, defections to the NHL 
sapped the once invincible Soviet 

The British, playing in their first 
championships in almost 30 years, 
keeled over and started sinking as 


soon as Vyacheslav Bezukladnikov, 
who plays for tbe Russian champi- 
on. Lada Todiaiti, tapped home a 
rebound in the third ramuie. 

Igor Fedulov and Ilya Byakin 
added quick goals and after Brit- 
ain’s Tory Kurtenbach fired home 
after a defensive mistake, Andrei 
Kovalenko, Valeri Bure and Seigei 
Berezin completed a devastating 
six-goal burst in just 12 minutes. 

Berezin’s goal was a soft effort 
that crawled through the legs of the 
goalie, Jon McCrone. 

“It’s tbe first time we’ve faced a 
side like Russia.” said the British 
chief coach Alex Dampier. “Tbe 
team were so dctvous at first they 

didn’t know whal to do with them- 

The Russians slacked off in the 
second period, exerting themselves 
only to score twice in 24 seconds 
through Sergei Shenddev and Igor 
Ulanov, before picking up tbe pace 
again in the third. 

Valeri Kaminsky, Eduard Gor- 
bachev, Alexei Yashin and Bure 
added goals in what rapidly degen- 
erated into a practice game for the 
Russians, who beat Sweden 3-1 to 
win the title last year under the 
banner erf tbe United Team. 

At one stage in the third period, 
tbe Russian defense seemed to fall 
asleep, allowing Patrick Scott and 
Kevin Conway to score two goals 
in 35 seconds. 

r»nad«. which beat Italy, 4-1, on 
Monday, was to face Austria later 
Tuesday, and the Czech Republic 
was to meet France. 

On Monday, Ihe U.S. team beat 
France, 5-1. in Alba di CanazeL 
Bill Lindsay scored two goals and 
Scott Young, John UHey and Pat- 
rick Neaton added goals. 

fRettfers, AP) 

No Goals for Leraieux, 
But Penguins Nip Caps 

The Associated Press 

It appears the Pittsburgh Pen- 
guins don’t need Mario Lemeux to 
score goals to win a playoff game. 

Even though Lemeux failed to 
score for a third straight game, the 
Penguins managed to beat the 
Washington Capitals, 3-2, Monday 


night and stay alive in (he National 
Hockey League playoffs. 

. Jaromir Jagr and Kevin Stevens 
scored to ragnite the Penguins’ of- 
fense as they staved off elimination 
and sent the series back to Lan- 
dover, Maryland, with the Capitals 
still in charge erf the seven-game 
series at 3-2. 

The Penguins rallied from a 2-1 
second-period deficit to avoid what 
would have been their second 
straight early ouster. 

Mike Ridley and Kevin Hatcher 
scored 1:35 apart in tbe second 

period to pnt the Capitals up 2-1. 
Shawn McEachern bad Pitts- 
burgh's other goal 

Deris 5, Sabres 3: In East Ruth- 
erford. New Jersey, Claude Le- 
mreox scored in the third period to 
break a tie for the Devils, pushing 
Buffalo to the brink of elimination. 

Lemicux. who has struggled aD 
season, was (he catalyst for New 
Jersey, scoring twice and setting up 
two goals by John MacLean, the 
last an empty-netter with 7 seconds 
to play. 

StephaDe Richer had the other 
Devils' goal and Martin Brodeur 
made 17 saves. 

Canadieas 2, Bnrins 1: In Bos- 
ton, Kirk Muller scored with 17:18 
gone in overtime and Patrick Roy 
stopped 60 shots for MonireaL 

Muller backhanded a rebound of 
a Patrice Brisebois shot over prone 
Boston goalie Jon Casey. 

John LeClair sent the game into 
overtime for Montreal when he tied 
it with 5:01 left in the third period. 




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Pa i Page 22 




Unfiltered Communism 

By Russell Baker 
NEW' YORK — The little girl 
ran up and sii on her grandfather's 
lap. saying. “Dear, dear Granddad- 
dy. lei! me haw it was in your 

“Well." slid i he old fellow. leap- 
ing from his rocker and hurling trie 
child across (he mom into a far- 
away sofa. “in the old days you 
could Jet your dear little grandchil- 
dren sit on your lap and not have to 

worry about being locked up for 


The little girl whimpered, nor be- 
cause of ihe brutal de-lapizaiion. 
but because she had hoped her 
grandfather would speak of less 
modem subjects. She was tired of 
heating about incest and safe sex 
and just saying no. 

These were important things for 
a child to know, and she was glad 
she lived in a time when everybody 
was willing to tell her all about 
them. Still she had the child's prim- 
itive yearning to hear tales or yore. 

Her grandfather's dear old heart 
was sorely touched by the tear 
coursing down hi*, granddaughter's 
cheek. "Would you like to hear 
about the bud people who lived in 

the old day*?" he asked. 

The child dapped her hands in 
glee, which set ibe old man off into 
one of those flights of tedious remi- 
niscence about which his doctor: 
had warned him. pointing out thaL 
in a society that was armed to the 
teeth, threatening people with 
death by boredom could he coun- 
terproductive to longevity 1 . 


trolling his temper. What were they 
doing lo American kids nowadays? 
All that money for education and 
they couldn't come up with a half- 
way decent menace to replace ihe 
great old Communism of his day. 

“We had real menaces in our 
day. honey." he said. “Commu- 
nists. They had to he rooted out 
before they destroyed us." 

“Don't you think sidestream 
smoke is just as had as Commu- 
nists?" asked the little girl, with a 
disturbing inflection in her voice 
that reminded him nr something 
from the old days. 

Yes. that was it: I t was that same 
aallows-trap inflection he remem- 
bered investigating congressmen 
using when they asked potentially 
dangerous Americans if they didn’t 
think Communism was the m«wl 
rotten idea ever horn. 


“In those days." he said, "the 
country was swarming with dan- 
gerous" people threatening to de- 
stroy the free world." 

“Was that the same as the 
smoke-free world. Grunddaddy?" 

“Smoke-free? It wasn't smoke- 
free that we worried about then, 
sweetheart. It was Communist-free 
that we fought for. All America, 
you see. was infiltrated — ~ 

“You mean like the cigarettes. 

“The cigarettes weren’t infiltrat- 
ed. darling. They were filtered. 
What was infiltrated was the free 
world, and what was infiltrating 
that wonderful free world was 

“Was Communism like smoking. 

The old man had trouble con- 

Bad thing*, had always happened 
to people who said no to questions 
asked in that voice. So instinctively 
he told his darling granddaughter. 
“There is nothing more dangerous 
these days than sidestream smoke, 
sweetheart, and anybody who re- 
sists doing whatever may he neces- 
sary to root it *’ui ought to be — ” 
The child looked «u him in dis- 
may. She’d heard of repressed 
memory. All the kids were talking 
about it. and some were already 
repressing tons of memories so they 
would have some good ones to re- 
trieve later when midlife crisis sent 
them into therapy. 

“Granddaddy." *he asked, “are 
you retrieving repressed memories 
about the old days?” 

The old fellow knew the chijd 
had him. He didn't hate her for it. 
Not her. It was the whole dismal 
post-Communist age he hated. 
Ever since Communism collapsed 
the country had been drifting. Just 
joggers like Clinton refusing to be 
beastly to thugs. No real menace. 
Nothing but smokers to satisfy the 
national addiction to nightmares. 

Yes. he had retrieved an awk- 
ward memory. In this new day and 
age. he had better consider what to 
say when avenging congressmen 
asked. “Are you now or have you 
ever been a smokerT' 

“My sweet." said he to his grand- 
daughter. “1 have an exciting tale to 
tell you. You see. my dear, when 1 
was a smoker for the FBI — ** 

.Vcw York Thun Senrnv 

A Final Manuscript From Albert Camus 

By Alan Riding 

•Vrr York Times Smm 

P ARIS — Inside a mud-stained brief- 
case found near the ate of the car 
crash that killed Albert Camus on Jan. 4. 
1960. were 144 pages of almost indecipher- 
able handwriting that matte up the first 
draft of the early chapters of a novd based 
closely on his life. 

His widow. Francine. decided against 
publication. Camus had won the Nobel 
Prize in Literature in 1957. but at the lime 
of his death at the age of 46 he was on poor 
terms with Jean-Paw Sartre and other Left 
flank luminaries, as d she feared publica- 
tion of the rough text would expose him to 
more attacks. 

But today leftist intellectuals no longer 
rule the roost in Paris. And confident the 

work in progress would interest students 
of the author of “The Stranger" fTE- 

tranger"). “The Plague” (“La Peste”) and 
other modern classics, Camas’s daughter, 
Catherine, has published it under the title 
“The First Man" (“Le Premier Homme"). 

“My father would never have allowed 
publication of a first draft because be 
often did three, four, six versions of his 
works," she said. “But when I read the 
text. I thought it was a unique document 
because it was autobiographical, so I de- 
cided it should be published." 

What she did not anticipate, though, 
was that the book would stir such excite- 
ment. Not only has it been acclaimed by 
most critics and prompted long magazine 
articles about Camus's life , but also since 
its publication by Editions Gallimard ear- 
ly this month it has already sold 100,000 

“It is difficult to open these pages today 
without feeling a special emotion," Flor- 
ence Noiville. Le Monde’s literary critic, 
wrote. “Like a sculptor who leaves his 
handprint in the earth, Camus seems to be 
everywhere present, behind each note, 
each "addition, each change." 

Catherine Camus, a 48-year-old lawyer, 
has kept as near as possible to the original 
manuscript, adding only punctuation 
where necessary. Yet the book still took 
three years to prepare because her father' $ 
scribble was so difficult to read. Even now, 
there are some gaps in the text where a 
word remained illegible. 

Its very unpolished and unfinished 
state, though, provides rare insight into 
how the most widely read French author 
of the 20th century went about his work, 
writing his first draft quickly by hand, 
making corrections as he went along and 
filling the margins with observations 
about possible alternatives. 

The book itself is dearly autobiographi- 
cal, but its form is a novd about a poor 
French family living in Algeria from the 

stone, and who had been bis father, was 

Jridc oTan* author better known for his 

^^oftbe first time, he lets his feelings 
sneak." Roger Grenier, the author of a 
S^Tcamu.. noted. Andthis is 
apparent in his rich, sensual daemon i of 
rin g up in ‘the warmth and light of the 
^lh African Mediterranean. 

It also enables him to ten much about 
the cultural and economic poverty in 
which he was brought up by amuch loved 
but illiterate mother. Indeed* the first page 
of the manuscript already carries a dedica- 
tion to hen “To you who will never be awe- 
to lead this book." 

He pays homage to the teacher who 
recognized his intelligence and escour- 
ageahhn to write. 

His humble roots in Algeria help ex- 
plain why, years later, he always felt some- 
thing of an outrider in the didst intellectu- 
alarcles of Paris. Even after his 1942 
essay, “The Myth of Sisyphus" (“Le 
Myths de Sisyphe"), seemed to identify 
him with the emerging existentialist move- 
ment headed by Sartre, for example, Ca- 
mus insisted he was not existentialist. 

“Just as Sartre’s The Words’ [‘Les 
Mots'] describes a child boro into a culti- 
vated environment, who received culture 
his feeding-bottle," Ms. Camus ea- 


plained, “so The First Man’ shows how 
the child Camus bad to fight to acquire a 
culture that was not innate. Boro into a 
world of poverty, be could not have an 
intellectual approach." 

In 1952, Swire broke publicly with Ca- 
mus over his essay “The Rebel’’ 
(T’Homme nfevolte"), in which he de- 
nounced Soviet concentration camps. And 
in a Left Bank world in which Sartre ruled 
Camus soon found 


Camus, who often worked in the theater, supervising a rehearsal in Paris. 

time of Camus’s birth in 1913 until it is 
torn apart by a war of independence in the 
late 1950s. Writing in the third person, 
Camus gives hims elf the nam e Jacques 

When he died, though, he had covered 
only the first 14 years of his life, with a 
long section called “Search for the Father" 
(Recherche du Pfcre) poignantly evoking 
his struggle to fill “the terrible vacuum" 

left when his father was killed in the first 
battle of the Marne in 1914, when Albert 
was just a year old. 

He describes bow decades later he, or 
rather the character Jacques Connery, vis- 
ited his father’s grave. “He read the two 
dates, 1885-1914. and calculated: 29 years 
old. Suddenly, he was strode by a thought 
that made him shudder. He was 40 years 
old. The man buried beneath this tomb- 

hiimrif ostracized. When he won the No- 
bel in 1957 at the age of 43, it was fashion- 
able to say that his best work was behind 


By then, the Algerian war was weQ un- 
der way and litis deepened his isolation. 
White Sartre and the rest of the French left 
supported the independence struggle, Ca- 
mus wavered, seemingly unable to break 
with the French Algeria that shaped his 
childhood. And it was around then that be 

began planning “The First Man.” 

Well before its publication this month, 
though, the pendulum of public taste had 
begun to swmg back toward Camus. In- 
deed, with the collapse of Soviet Commu- 
nism, there were those who said Camus 
had finally triumphed over Sartre^ And 
“The Stranger,” required reading in 
French schools, still sells 200,000 copies a 


Mias Streisand Regrets - 
Her III Temper in 72 : 

. Bartra Streisand chatted warmly, 
with Britain's Prince Charles at a, 
reception before her second con- 
cert at London’s Wembley Arena,; 
' winch raised £150,000 (5225,000). 
for the prince's charity for disad- 
vantaged young people. Last; 
Wednesday, at her first concert, the. 
singer showed a newsreel of her 
meeting Charles in 1972 and 
quipped: “To think, if I had beat 
nicer to himi I could have been the 
first Jewish princess.” At their 72 
meeting, rite said, she was grumpy 
because of overwork. 


More problems for Tonya Har- 
dtag-The figure skater has sued her 
former husband for the return of a 
mot o rcycle and a truck she says are 
has. In a suit filed in Portland, 
Oregon, she demanded that Jeff 
Gfflooly either return the vehicles 
or pay their value of 512^00. 



Neva mind the court papers, 
Roseanne Arnold says her husband. 
Tom, is no wife-beater. T signed an 
uncorrected, unread letter from my 
divorce lawyer in anger and haste," 
she said. T made a mistake." 


Princess Anne brushed aside 
suggestions that she is commercial- 
izing Britain’s royal family by ap- 
pealing in a charity television fund- 
raising advertisement sponsored by 
a chocolate maker. Anne, the presi- 
dent of the Save the Children chari- 
ty founded in 1919, launched its 
£25 million appeal Tuesday at a 
press conference in London, where 
the commercial was screened. Ap- 
parently it is the first time a mem- 
ber of the royal family has spoken 
direct to camera in a commercial, 
but the princess argued, “If I was 
advertising a product it would be a 
fair comment but you cannot de- 
scribe Save the ChBdren fund-rais- 
ing activities as a product" 


Jack Kanocac wifl have some 
c om p an y era the map of San Fran- 
cisco. Via Ferlinghetti, named for 
the Beat poet Lawrence Ferfkigb- 
etti, is not far from Jack Kerouac 


jfif Pa’ 



Appears on Pages 14, J5&21 







Ln W 


Low W 






14*7 ■ 


17*2 a 


17 /w 

7/44 pc 


am pe 


an d 

407 S 


7/44 Mh 



12*3 PC 22m 

12*3 C 



M*7 6 


10*1 • 



1060 pc 
7«4 pe 



11*2 po 

a/46 a 



1060 pc 20*8 

11*2 pc 


211 70 

9/48 pc 21/70 

11/52 pa 

Ctpotegm 10*1 
Costa M Sol 24 m 

5M1 St) 
1560 • 



8/43 c 
17*2 ■ 



12*3 Stl 


7/44 (h 



1060 ah 


7/44 Stl 



13/35 s 




7/44 pe 


7/44 pe 


9/40 ■ 


12*3 S 


4*9 S/1 


2*5 pc 



10/50 • 


9/48 c 

Las Paknu 


20*6 ■ 


19*8 pc 



14*7 a 


17/02 ■ 



11*2 pc 


10/50 th 



11*2 a 


16*0 t 



14*7 a 


tfi*0 pc 



3/37 pc 


6/41 s 



9*0 DO 20*0 

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7/44 stl 


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12*3 ■ 



4/39 ah 


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14*7 ■ 

32 m 

14*7 po 



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11/6 a po 



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12*3 a 




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1560 • 


16*1 a 

Forecast for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by Accu- Weather. 


Today Tomorrow 

Mgh Low W Wgb Low W 
OF OF Of Of 




34/83 20 /TO pc 34/83 36T77 pc 
22m 7/44 a 24/75 13*5 8 

26/70 21/70 pc 26m 21/70 pe 
35*5 25/77 pc 34*3 24/75 pe 
39/102 24/75 1 38/100 24/76 I 







10*5 13*5 pc 21/10 12*3 pe 
32*9 23/73 ah 31AB 23/73 1 
20/79 20*8 e 28/79 19MB po 
19*8 9/48 pe 17/82 6/43 ah 


i Fitzgerald's 


aW.W. 1 battle 

is Dog command 
is Robert Louis 


is Science 
fiction's - 

1 Snow 


15 Persuade cagfly 
18 Prime 
17 Bon Ami rival 

0 Observatory 

M Prepare to 

28 Have a tew 

28 Takes away 

32 Very, to Vivaldi 

North America 

A chilly rain will soak the 
Great Lakes region, 
including Detroit and 
Toronto, Thursday. After 
several days of warm 
weather, temperatures wlH 
cod to near or bekwr normal 
Friday Into Saturday along 
Ihe Eaat Coast. Cold 
weather wflf plunge 

oh the 

aouthward through 


Paris through London will 
have dry, seasonable 
weather Thursday Into 
Saturday. Macfrtt and Lisbon 
will be sunny and much 
wanner law mis week with 
temperatures rising well 
above ncrmaL Heavy rains 
wm spread Wo southwestern 
Turkey by the weekend. 
Central Europe win be dry 


Showers will linger over 
south-central China 
Thursday Mo the weekend. 
Myanmar through ThaRand 
be very warm with a tew 
stray thunderstorms. Hong 
Kong to Shanghai will be 
very warm and humid with 
some sunshine. Beijing to 
Tokyo wA have sunny, very 
warm weather. 







XKO 136* pc 22/71 16/B1 PC 
21/70 0/46 pc 18*4 7/44 pc 

2B/7B 16/59 ■ 26 /70 18*1 pc 
21/70 *0/50 pc 25/77 116Z pc 
31*8 20/73 pc 32SB 20/79 ! 
a/7i i2«3 pc am hist pc 
19*6 1102 pe 23/73 13*5 pc 

Solution to Puzzle of April 26 

Norm America 





Ifidrfle East 

Latin America 







High Low W 

High Low W 














am i7*3 a 

27*0 18*1 pc 

Busnos AkM 







29*4 18*1 C 

31*8 12*3 a 







23/73 12*3 pe 20*4 11*2 PC 







21/70 14*7 pc 

28/70 13*5 pe 



14 S7 




38/103 21/70 » 

40*04 18/61 a 

HiodaJwwfco 27*0 





38/10021/70 * 

30/102 22/71 a 









Ugwk Mwny. pc-party ooudy, cooudy, Mvshaiwu. t-vunessonns. Man. si-tkm njsrira. 


4 OP 




«>enaw.HOB.VV-Waatfier. All pups, forecasts end data provided by Accv-Wowthpr, Inc. e 1994 


• 2/21 
22 Tl 





r BM8 
pe 31*8 
PC 24775 
I 13® 
Wt BM6 
*h 17*7 
PC 27*0 
c 20*2 
pc 19® 
PC 29*4 
e in® 
pc 15® 
PC 2B/B2 
pc 2364 
PC 25/77 
PC 19*6 
PC 17*2 
I 16*1 
* 31® 

•1/31 pc 
16*1 PC 
9/49 I 
3*7 pc 
-2/29 an 
4K» pc 
21/70 pc 
ri*4 e 
13*5 « 
23/73 pc 
-2/29 pc 
40 9 PC 
22/71 pc 
13® I 
14/57 s 
9/48 pc 
BM3 pe 
6/43 pc 

14*7 I 

34 Muscovfte, e.g. 

35 Ring around the 


40 Actor WaJIach 

4f 1962 Mel 


as Backspace, on 
a computer 

43 Lorenz Hart, tor 

46 Razzed 

47 Music hall tune 

48 Linkletter 


57 Reddish 

58 Baker 

58 Vitamin D 

so*... the better 
you with* 

81 Memphis's 

82 vara 

83 Flag features 

84 Without much 

85 TVs * Blue' 


i Ayatollah 

a King work 

3 Mideast 

4 E.PA. concern 

6 Mount up 
a Slack 

7 Sonnet part 
a Kerrigan teat 

8 "You bet!" 

10 Sci-fi energy 

11 The Apostle of 
the Franks 

12 Coll, course 
is Buck 

21 Be pushy 

22 Corrode 
25 Drive 

as Tart-tongued 

writer -Ivins 

27 Washington's 


as One. for one 
29 Cavern 
38 Exonerate 
si Coquette 
32 Fathered 
34 Thickness units 

37 Be lordly 

38 Beginnings 
s» Pledge, 


44 One whose 
work is 

45 Reasons why 

48 Bus. 

4s Sound at 
sundown - 

48 Some are 
so Geezer 

81 Grande, 


82 Grammy winner as Managed, with 

Braxton ’out" 

S3 Mora than 

5# Too glib 
ss Sit (down) 

; xv. 


1 - 



! V 


Pomp Hymen Nonw 
■O New York Times Edited by WiO Shortz. 


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