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Paris, Monday, August 1, 1994 

No. 34.655 

How Serbs* ‘Ethnic Cleansing * Turned to Mass Murder 

By Roger Cohen - 1 

New York Tima Service 

VLASENICA, Bosnia^ Herzegovina — There were, 

■ according to the 1991 Yugoslav census, 18,699 Mus- 
lims living in and around this eastern Bosnj&n mining 
town. Dead now, or dispersed, they have allgone. 

Their fate was determined in a Serbian, coricentra- 
tion camp concealed in a pine-clad, valley about a 
• mile from the city center. A former military depot 
surrounded by barbed wire, it is called Susies. 

Although the camp is dosed, the road to it is still 
barred and guarded, and a sign at the entrance\to 
. Vlasenica says, “Any loitering by foreigners is forbid- 
den. The reason is simple: Susica hides terrible 
secrets about the Serbian slaughter and eviction op 
M uslims in Bosnia. \ 

the first tune, an insider’s detailed account of the 
process of eviction and slaughter that “cleansed" 
Vlasenica of its Muslims. 

The guard, Pero Popovic, 36, was interviewed three 
times by The New York Tunes and clearly recognized 
snapshots of former Muslim prisoners of Susica. 
Later, he was interrogated by investigators preparing 

First of two articles 

for Yugoslav war-crimes trials in The Hague. Con- 
vinced of his credibility, they have recommended that 
he be granted political asylum. 

viasenica says, Any loitering by foreigners is forbid- ■ Ik be granted political asylum, 
dm. The reason is simple: Susica hides terrible Mr. Popovic’s account was corroborated by the 
swaiets about the Serbian slaughter and eviction op, convergent recollections of dozens of Susica survivors 
Muslims m Bosnia. ■ \ who now live as refugees and who provided the 

uut now a Bosnian Serb, who was a guard at the ^photos Mr. Popovic later viewed, 
camp and eventually fled Vlasenica, has provided, for *- Mr. Popovic estimated that on the basis erf individ- 

ual and mass executions be personally witnessed, 
dose to 3,000 Muslims from around Vlasenica lost 
their lives at Susica after the Bosnian war began in 
April 1992. “In alt about 3,000 were killed,” he said. 
Those that survived lost their homes and possessions. 

The existence of the camps — including Susica — 
has been known since August 1992, when, four 
months after the war began, the Omarska and Kere- 
term camps near Prijedor and Banja Luka were 
uncovered. Yet, doubts have remained over the extent 
of mass executions of Muslims, the degree of central 
decision-making in the operation and the reliability 
of often anonymous and exclusively Muslim witness- 

Serbs have insisted that the camps were centers for 
prisoners of war — that is, combatants rather than 

But the accounts of camp survivors and Mr. Popo- 

vic — who is prepared to testify at war-crimes trials 
— tell a different story and establish these points: 

• The intimidation and confinement of Vlasenica 's 
Muslim civilians was instigated by a unit of the 
Yugoslav Army, based in the northern Serbian town 
of Novi Sad. Ultimate command of the Susica camp 
rested throughout with Major Mile Jacimovic. an 
officer in the Yugoslav .Army in the town of Plevije in 
the Sandzak area of the rump Yugoslav state, Mr. 
Popovic said. The role suggests the degree to which 
the “ethnic cleansing" of Bosnia's Muslims was coor- 
dinated by the Yugoslav Army and Serbian authori- 
ties in Belgrade, contradicting Belgrade's repeated 
claims that "the Bosnian war has been an affair solely 
of the Bosnian Serbs. 

• From the time Susica opened on June 2. 1992. 

See CAMP, Page 5 

Trade Rift 
With Japan 
Dollar’s Gain 

By Keith Bradsher 

Sew York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — After another col- 
lapse in their long-running trade talks, the 
Clinton administration on Sunday accused 
Japan of preventing American companies 
from competing fairly for government con- 
tracts there. The legal move could lead to a 
retaliatory ban lata- this year on Japanese 
bids for cer tain federal contracts here. 

While the announcement is Largely sym- 
bolic in terms of any immediate impact on 
the countries’ bilateral trade, it could drive 
down the dollar’s value in international 
currency markets when trading resumes on 

Many currency traders believe that if 
trade talks do not succeed, the United 
States may try to drive down the value of 
the dollar in order to make American 
goods cheaper in the Japanese market and 
give them a foothold there that negotia- 
tions have not produced. Administration 
officials have denied any such intention 
and called in recent weeks for a stronger 

The dollar rose above 100 yen last week 
for the first rime- m^Tnontintfrerra^^ 
swept currency markets that a deal in the 
government contract dispute might be 
pending, contrary to the conventional wis- 
dom here and in Tokyo. 

In making the accusation Sunday, the 
administration also showed a willingness 
to continue confronting Japan despite pos- 
sible damage to diplomatic relations and 
despite the ongoing political turmoil there. 
Japan has had four different prime minis- 
ters in a little over a year. 

U.S. and Japanese trade officials have 
cited the lack of strong political leadership 
as making it more difficult to strike deals 
on government procurement issues. The 
prime minister's office has traditionally 
played the role of forcing greater openness 
m trade on government ministries with 

See TRADE, Page 10 


y* **- v v* y 

iX' Vi-v *-• ^ • y y y • - v ‘ v • ; >• •• 

> .-jinx.' I>m» , Sen' 

U.S. soldiers HiwmW Lin g Sunday from an air force C-5 Galaxy at Kigali airport, Rwanda, to set up a command-and-control element to run relief operations. 

Peaceful Role Is Stressed as U.S. Reopens Kigali Airport 

By Steve Vogel 

Washington Fast Service 

KIGALI, Rwanda — As U.S. military 
forces reopened operations at the Kigali 
airport. Prime Minister Faustin Twagira- 
muagu joined U.S. officials Sunday in try- 
ing to calm concern that the U.S. humani- 
tarian mission would deteriorate into 
another Somalia. 

“We have to assure the Americans that 
this operation has nothing to do with what 

happened in Somalia,” Mr. Twagira- 
mungu. who took office two weeks ago 
following the Rwanda Patriotic Front's 
defeat of the Hutu government, said dur- 
ing a joint press conference with visiting 
Defense Secretary William J. Perry. 

Mr. Perry and other U.S. officials con- 
tinued to emphasize that the U.S. mission 
in Rwanda was strictly humanitarian. 

The defense secretary also implied in his 
comments that the American involvement 

could be seen as an efTon to beat what 
might be called the Somalia syndrome, or a 
wariness that such relief operations might 
deteriorate into the combat that erupted 
on the streets of Mogadishu and claimed 
more than two dozen American lives. 

“This is a very important mission to the 
future of where we go as a nation." Mr. 
Perry said. 

“There are two schools of thought in the 
U.S. Congress, one that perhaps we should 

be more isolationist and not involve our- 
selves in operations of this nature, and 
those of us who feel as leader of the free 
world we should be involved," Mr. Perry 

Only hours before the two men spoke, a 
U.S. Air Force C-5 Galaxy landed at the 
Kigali airport early Sunday carrying a 
command-and-control element to run air- 
port operations, along with forklifts and 

See RWANDA. Page 5 

UN Votes Yes 
On Invading 
Haiti, but Sets 
No Deadline 

Council Leaves Timing 
To Clinton as Pressure 
Mounts on Cedras Junta 

By Julia Preston 

Washington Past Service 

Security Council on Sunday authorized the 
United’Siates to lead a multinational inva- 
sion to drive out the military rulers of Haiti 
and restore the country’s exiled president 

The resolution authorizing the use of 
force passed by a vote of 12 to 0, with 
China and Brazil abstaining. The 15th 
member. Rwanda, was not in attendance 
because of its domestic problems. 

By securing UN blessing for the first 
time for an armed intervention in the 
Western hemisphere, the Clinton adminis- 
tration demonstrated that it has global 
support to oust the military leaders, raising 
to the maximum the pressure on them to 
step aside. 

The Security Council resolution sets no 
deadline for U.S. forces to launch an inter- 
vention, leaving the timing up to President 
Bill Clinton. U.S. officials said no action 
was imminent 

But in practice the administration now 
has no further diplomatic options. If the 
Haitian commanders do not leave in the 
near term, Mr. Clinton will have to use 
military force or risk severely harming 
American credibility. 

In a televised interview Sunday before 
the vote, the U.S. envoy to the United 
Nations. Madeleine K. Albright said the 
resolution represented “a final call" to the 
Haitian junta to leave or be removed. 

She said the message to General Raoul 
Cfidras. Haiti's armed forces commander, 
and other top officers was: “You can de- 
part voluntarily and soon, or you can de- 
part involuntarily and soon. The sun is 
setting on your ruthless ambition.” 

Mrs. Albright said the United States was 
"prepared to organize and lead” an inva- 
sion force. 

“We seek — and anticipate — that oth- 
ers will join." she said. 

“We hope that the current military lead- 
v.-J5 depart voluntarily and that the 
military force will not be opposed,” she 
added.’ “But this resolution authorizes ac- 
tion whether or not our hopes are real- 

The resolution authorizes the United 
Stales to raise a multinational force to “use 
all necessary means to facilitate the depar- 
ture from Haiti of the military leadership” 
and “establish and maintain a secure and 
stable environment." 

U.S. diplomats apparently managed to 
overcome reluctance from Haiti’s exiled 
president, the Reverend Jean-Bertrand 
Aristide, as well as the opposition of most 
countries in Latin America, which are 
mindful of the long history of armed U.S. 
intrusions in their region. This uneasiness 
prompted Brazil's abstention. 

Father Aristide backed the measure 
with his strongest endorsement to date for 

See HAITI, Page 5 

Berlusconi Business Plan 
Fails to Convince Coalition 


ROME — Cracks resurfaced within 
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's wobbly 
coalition Sunday when his two major polit- 
partners disagreed over the media ty- 
coon's plan to distance himself from his 
business empire. 

The Northern League, the largest part- 
ner in Italy’s tripartite government, 
scorned the idea of setting up a special 
co mmi ttee to oversee Mr. Berlusconi's $7 
billion a year Fminvest empire. 

“The idea just doesn’t stand up," the 
head of the League, Umberto Bossi. said in 
television interviews. 

Mr. Berlusconi’s other mam ally, the 
neofasdst-led National Alliance, said Par- 
liament should be left to decide whether 
Mr. Berlusconi’s plan was acceptable. 

“As in all other matters, Parliament 
must decide,” the leader of the National 
Alliance, Gianfranco Fini, said. 

Mr. Berlusconi announced the plan on 
Friday after a week of sharp criticism ova 

Mr. Scalfaro’s reticence on constitution- 
al grounds was an embarrassment for Mr. 
Berlusconi, who had wanted the president 
and heads of the two houses of Parliament 
to name the group. 

Mr. Bossi, whose party controls the larg- 
est number of seats in Mr. Beriusconfs 
Freedom Alliance, said he would challenge 
the plan in Parliament on Tuesday. 

In an interview with U Giomale newspa- 
per published Sunday, Mr. Bossi denied he 
was trying to torpedo the government and 
said he was merely wanted a more coher- 
ent plan. 

“You don’t want guarantors, you need a 
genuine separation between ownership 
and management,” he said. 

Mr. Bossi said the Northern League 
would formally propose on Tuesday that 
all Mr. Berlusconi's assets be run by a 
special foundation for five years. 

In Milan, Paolo Berlusconi spent the 
weekend under boose arrest after giving 
hims elf up to magistrates on Friday. He is 

: 7, , hims elf up to magistrates on rnaay. we is 

the handling of ^ conupnon mquiry that £ bankrolling Fminvest bribes to 

has implicated Faunwt and led t° the ^ city’s finance police, 
arrest of his younger brother, Paolo. 

Failure to get it approved would be 
widely seen as a further blow to Mr. Ber- 
lusconi's credibility, which has already saf- , T ^ 

^ SpmmhFe 

It first ran into trouble when President g 

Oscar Luigi Scalfaro said he could proba- 

SSL? app0fflt *■ MADRID - It would never have hr 

members. » if 


Pledge by Rabin 
On Jerusalem 

TABA. Egypt (AFP) — Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin confirmed on Sunday Isra- 
el's commitment to negotiate Jerusalem's 
future with the Palestine Liberation Orga- 
nization in accordance with the Israeli- 
Palestinian Declaration of Principles. 

“It will be done, in accordance with 
the DOP. not later than two years after 
the implementation of the Gaza- Jericho 
accord.” he said. But he also insisted that 
“Jerusalem must remain unified under 
the sovereignty of Israel.” 

Mr. Rabin's comments came after the 
PLO objected to Israel’s peace declara- 
tion with Jordan in Washington last 
week, which said that Israel gave “high 
priority to the Jordanian historic role” 
regarding Muslim shrines in Jerusalem. 
Mubarak fails to budge Assad. Page 5 

Bcrad Wnubn>d/ Agmr Frucr-Prcur 

A LESS THAN GRAND PRIX — Flames engulfed the Dutch drives- Jos Verstappen and has Beoetton-Ford race car. 
as it was being refueled during Sunday’s German Grand Prix. With crashes at die storting line and the first turn 
having already reduced the field to 15 cars, Gerhard Berger gave Ferrari its first victory in oearfy four years. Page 12. 




Page 3. 
Page 14. 
Page 14. 

A Spanish Feminist Leads the Battle Against National Machismo 

f Newsstand prices 

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Gabon 960 CFA Senega! ... J?60CFA 

Greece -300 Dr. Spain. JDOPTAS 

SX'&snfSoS KS-tISB 
-fifc usVS KfattSS 

By Alan Riding 

New York Tunes Service 

MADRID — It would never have happened on 
Franco's watch, but in the Spam of today it was hardly 
sh ocking for a new-car advertisement to be illustrated 
by a photograph of a yotmg woman in a short skirt 
revealing a provocative glimpse of underwear. 

After all, as far back as toe late 1970s, the sale of 
pornographic material on newsstands was open proof 
that the dictatorship was ova. And even today, the 
sexual dalliances of the rich and famous still provide 
the main fodder for gossip magazines with huge read- 
ership s. 

Bui if the revolt against puriiamsm was long justi- 
fied as a celebration of freedom, Cristina Alberdi 
Alonso, the feminist who is now minister of social 

affairs, believes it has gone too far. And, at the risk of 
being accused of censorship, she is calling a halt to 

on^morefonn (^repression, she said the suggestive 
car advertisement was a typical example of “sublimi- 
nal discriminatory advertising.” And after she threat- 
ened legal action, the advertisement was withdrawn. 

More recently, when a photograph of the belly of a 
pregnant woman was used to publicize a magazine's 
imminent rebirth, the government's Institute of Wom- 
en protested that it was demeaning to women. This 
campaign was also canceled. 

Cristina Alberdi, a 48-year-old Socialist and lawyer, 
was delighted. As a cabinet minister, she wants to 
make ha mark, not only by eliminating titillating or 

offensive advertising, but also, more ambitiously, by 
setting in motion a second women’s revolution in 

“There have been other women ministers, bur none 
from the feminist movement,” she said “This is very 
important because it means there is willingness to give 
priority to women’s issues. In the cabinet, we act 
collectively, but now I can raise how our decisions 
affect women." 

In truth, much has been achieved since the days of 
Franco, who died in 1975 after 36 years as Spain's 
absolute ruler. Once brought up to be wives and 
mothers, women now routinely study, work, go out at 
night without men as escorts and lake part in politics. 

Discrimination on the basis of sex is illegal and. 
today, women represent more than half the country's 

university students and are more present than ever in 
public life. 

“It’s remarkable that such a rapid change in the role 
of women should have been so easily accepted in a 
country with a deep tradition of machismo." she said 
But women have still not achieved true equality, she 
said, “and that’s our objective." 

As minister of social affairs, she has identified three 
areas as priorities — to give women equal opportunity 
in the workplace, to gain access for women to posi- 
tions of responsibility in government and society as a 
whole, and to combat stereotyping by creating new 
Temale role models. 

At present, two out of three jobs are held by men 

See SPAIN, Page 5 


Page 2 


•m • 

Accept the Peace Plan, Serbia’s Leader Tells Bosnia Serbs 

By John Pomfret 

Washington Fan Service 

PALE, Bosaia-Herzegovina 
— President Slobodan Milose- 
vic of Serbia on Sunday de- 
manded that Bosnian Serbian 
forces reverse their rejection of 
an international peace plan to 
end Europe's bloodiest conflict 
since World War II. 

In a statement released by the 
Tanjug news agency and a Bel- 
grade-based daily, the man 
widely blamed for triggering 
the war said, “Commitment to 
peace is in the interest of the 
entire Serbian nation." 

He added that “this means 
the proposal of the internation- 
al community must be accept- 

Mr. Milosevic called on the 
international community to lift 
its economic sanctions against 
Yugoslavia and warned Bosni- 
an Serbs that his people were 
r unning out of patience sup- 
porting them. 

It was unclear what motives 
Mr. Milosevic might have had 
in making the remarks or what 
his capacity might be to influ- 
ence events in Pale, the moun- 
tain redoubt of Bosnian Serbian 
forces, 16 kilometers (10 miles) 
from the center of Sarajevo. 

The Bosnian Serbian govern- 
ment huddled in meetings 
throughout the day and no 
statements were made. 

The president’s comments 
were published a day after the 
United States, three West Euro- 
pean allies and Russia agreed to 
lighten economic sanctions 
against Yugoslavia but stopped 
short of stranger measures to 
persuade Serbian separatists to 
accept the peace plan. The plan 
would divide Bosnia roughly 
equally between a federation of 
Muslims and Croa dans and a 
Serbian-controlled govern- 

The Serbs, who now control 
72 percent of Bosnia, would 
have to surrender a little less 
than one-third of what they 

dal collision with Mr. Karadzic 
and General Mladic could easi- 
ly mask collusion. 

Only if the Serbian president 
backs up his demands with ac- 
tion, such as shutting off or re- 
ducing die substantial logistical 
support he gives the Bosnian 
Serbian Army, could his posi- 
tion be taken seriously, they 

At the moment, his position 
appears designed to appeal to 
people in Serbia exhausted by 
the international economic em- 
bargo and to the international 
community, which views the 
Serbian president as the pre- 
mier power player in the region. 

“A demand for even greater 
sacrifices on the pan of the citi- 
zens of federal Yugoslavia and 

the entire Serbian people can- 
not be defended," he said in the 

He added that “no one has 
the right" to reject peace. 

Over the last 10 days, the 
Bosnian Serbs have twice re- 
jected the peace plan while the 
federation of Croarians and 
Muslims accepted it uncondi- 

On Sunday, Alija Izetbego- 
vic, president of the mostly 
Muslim government, reiterated 

Mr. Milosevic added that the 
decision whether to accept the 

fells Bosnia Serbs world briefs - 

the peace plan and threatened. Mr. Milosevic added that the ' , T • Tollra * 

to cut off communication with decision whether to accept the High Lfypl 1 Tima- laiWafl laukO 
the five-nation Contact Group peaceplan must be based on the ; p. - „n Sunday agreed to hold 

that put together the proposal answer to the key question: . 1949, 

because they said the plan do- “What is the greatest national tohjgfacst level meeting i disrupt the arrival of a 
^ttentotomatioaalVecogm- interest at this moment? It is tffidab^d, 

tion as a separate state. In addi- peace." 5 C ? w - Ch 5Si wSSf thTtwn sides will meet, probably within 

bon, the Serbs have demanded The West blaxped Mr. M2o- • Mowed bjr tto 

access to the Adriatic sea and sevic for starting the wars in Huang Kun^. 

other changes. Bosnia and Croatia. It was his n ^rSwWs^Smei-levri Mamiand Affairs Council, has- 

Mr. Milosevic countered support of Serbian military «> ^^to^^^ Shubd, vice chairman of :BqjipS’ s A®**** 
Bosnian Serbian complaints, tmtv m Bosnia that prompted ^tosSations^iossSeTaiwan Strait Me. Tang is also a 
arguing that the plan was “not the United Nations to impose a of Carina's State Gonad. _ . . 

the five-nation Contact Group peaceplan must be based onthe 
that put together the proposal answer to the key quesnon: 
because they said the plan do* ^Wbat is the greatest national 
nies them international recogm- interest at this moment? It is 
tion as a separate state. In addi- peace." 
tion, the Serbs have demanded The West blarped Mr. M2o- 

B osnian Serbian complaints, tmty in Bosnia that prompted 

£Sd rSTM^li^aS ^ of federal VugMUvi, and 

Some Western analysts said 
Mr. Milosevic’s move reflected 
a rift between the Serbian presi- rf>: 

dent and two potential political iwf| " ”• ' 

rivals, the Bosnian Serbian Wm 

leader, Radovan Karadzic, and Jggl 

his popular militar y command- jBaaa^B^fjTjwaMf 
er. General Ratko Mladic. 

Others, however, cautioned |||| 

that Mr. Milosevic could be gil 

saying one thing and doing an- $fH 

other, and that talk of a poten- 

ous indecisiveness" for putting 
off a decision to adopt stricter 
punishments against the Bosni- 
an Serbs. 

The Bosnian Serbs snubbed 

arguing that the plan was “not the United Nations to impose a “J? ^Taiwan official of China's State Counts. . 

anti^rb" and that it did allow trade embargo agamstjunp ^SJj^SroiS^made during a fifth round ofunoffiaal, 
for the formation of a separate Yugoslavia, composing Serbia representatives. These urijsi 

state, albeit not attached to Yu- and Montenegro, in May 1992. ™ ^^ter protests by demonstrator w too ccmater die 
goslavia. The embargo has been tight- contact as a new st<® to imrificari<m.with China. laiwm has 

“*lt is not entirely just, as far coed on several occasions in the banned direct, offidalcraiiact with Bering smee me aeicaioi inc 
as the Serbian side is con- past but still ieaks^ because the nationalist government in 1949. 
cemed,” he said. “But without countries surrounding Yugosla- 

uiucu, in. «uu. “ — — -y o . ^ > | 

dtoutu a compromise is neces- MT * * * trading partner RfeS Reported Stolen 

v mmxm 

fev: : Mla 8S* 

LONDON IRcuters) — Intimate files about Princess DianaV 
physical and room! health during to fmkdmamagetoftTn^ 
been stolen from the office of to pnvate ttoapisu 

which could document Dima’s dl- 

Embargo on Serbia 
Frays in Macedonia 

UN Troops Watch lively Trade 


*5 :.VkVS 


b uKmia. would cause deep anbanassnwnt .if they were made 
pnbfic; said the reports in two tabloids. - 

•Hie loss of the sensitive computer files would mark another 
serious breach of privacy for the royal family, whose mystique has 
been tom to shreds by telephone bogging and long-lens photo, 
snooping. Police confirmed they were investigating a burglary ai 
copn i ltin g rooms in Hailey Street where, the royal therapist, - 
Roderick Lane, is based. ' 

10 Neo-Nazis Questioned in Germany 

ERFURT, Germany (Rmtere) — Ten neo-Nazis were released 
Sunday after being questioned about suspicions -that they had 
given the banned HBtkr salute at a secretive summer camp, 

r ‘ 



By Roger Cohen 

N*w York Tuna Service 
TABANOVCE, Macedonia 
— “I understand what's going 
on," said Sergeant Scott Oliver, 
as be gazed down from the 
small U.S. Army camp here at a 
long line of trucks waiting to 
cross the border into Serbia. 
“You don't need a Ph.D. for 

What was going on, as it does 
every day, was that the United 
Nations trade embargo on Ser- 
bia was being violated. Dozens 
of trucks loaded with merchan- 

ment that claims an exclusive 
prerogative over the name 

“If we are supporting the sta- 
bility of Macedonia, can we 
ready threaten them with sanc- 
tions for flouting the trade em- 
bargo on Serbia?” asked a 
Western diplomat in Skopje, 
the Macedonian capital. 

The diplomat noted that 80 
percent of Macedonia’s trade 
used to be with other lands of 
the former Yugoslavia. 

Already one-third of the 
Macedonian work force is un- 


He said the suspects, members of a rightist extremist grouji,- 
were -released because a prosecutor baddeoded not to issue' 
warrants. The investigation continued, however, after the police 
found ammu ni tion in the home of one die suspects. 

A Tfcnrinma slate official said Saturday that the group had been’ 

•• - w , v\ J-Kir 

• ' ’ N * * >* • ! 

COMMEMORATION — A woman wiping aw 
where most of those killed in the revolt against 

Sunday as she visits Warsaw's Cemetery of the Uprisings 
occupation are buried. The SOrii amdwsuy isMonday. 

dise were heading north into employed, and salaries have not 
Serbi^ meticulously obse^ed paid for dosc IO ^ 

Q & A: The Shape of U.S. - Asia Relation# 

by U.S. soldiers of the 2d Bat- 
talion of the 15th Infantry Divi- 

Over the past 24 hours. Ser- 
geant Culver and Staff Sergeant 
Charles Inderrieden had logged 
six oB trucks, 34 regular trucks 
and two double trailer-trucks 
heading north, and 71 cargo 
cars on a train going into Serbia 
from Macedonia. They had also 
observed and reported 68 cargo 
cars going south from Serbia 
into Macedonia, and a few don- 
key cans in both directions. 

“It’s not my job to wonder 
why," Sergeant Inderrieden 
said. “If I'm told to count it, I 
count it.” 

The bizarre scene at this 
shabby border crossing under- 
scores the complexity of U.S. 

months in several slate-owned 

But if the economic difficul- 
ties of Macedonia are real, so 
too is the damage that its trade 
with Serbia does to the effec- 
tiveness of the UN sanctions. 
The Serbian economy, collaps- 
ing beneath hyperinflation late 
last year, has stabilized as goods 
have begun to po ur in. 

Indeed, at a time when the 
United Nations is threatening 
even stricter sanctions if the 
Bosnian Serbs continue to re- 
ject an international peaceplan, 
the scene at the Macedonia bor- 
der makes a mockery of such 

The Bosnian Serbs are well 
aware of the gap between an- 

policy toward the former Yugo- w*®?* international poticy 
slavia. Committed to the stabfl- ntfsty of the situation 

ity of Macedonia — the most ^°ng tbe borders, a gap that 
southern of the former Yugo- has yawned since the b^nnmg 
Slav republics — the adnrinis- Bosnian war m 1992. 

tration has dispatched a the Moreover, it is clear that by 
battalion as part of a UN force, adopting a moderate course 
But that very stability de- with Greece, the United States 
pends in part on turning a blind is acquiescing in a Greek border 
eye to Macedonia’s growing policy that virtually obliges 
trade with Serbia, one of the Macedonia 10 trade with Ser- 
few economic outlets for this bia. Even though it has recog- 
landlocked country whose n ize d Macedonia, the Clinton 
southern border has been sealed ad m i n istration has declined to 
to trade by the Greek govern- send an ambassador to Skopje. 

Winston Lord, the U.S. assistant secre- 
tary of state for East Asian and Pacific 
affairs, is in Indonesia after visiting Malay- 
sia and attending talks in Bangkok last week 
with ASEAN, the Association of South East 
Asian Nations, and other Asia-Pacific coun- 
tries. He discussed American relations with 
Asia with Michael Richardson of the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. 

Q. You expressed concern in a letter to 
President Bill Clinton and Secretary of 
State Warren M. Christopher earlier this 
year about growing tensions in America's 
relations with East Asia. What kind of 
shape are they in now? - • • 

A. ] think in very good shape. In my 
memorandum to the secretary; which un- 
fortunately leaked, I pointed out many 
assets and positive trends in our relations. 
But I felt it was also my responsibility to 
explore where we could do better. 

Since the writing of that memo in April, 
we have had several positive develop- 
ments. We have renewed mosl-favored- 
nation trading status for China. We will be 
pursuing human rights, but with other in- 
struments, as we engage comprehensively 
on a range of issues with China. 

We have moved ahead in our relations 
with Vietiiam, including more progress on 
the missing-in-action question and agree- 
ment on setting up liaison offices. We are 
about to resume the third round of talks 
with North Korea on the nuclear question. 

The president met with Malaysian 
Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad, 
and we are engaging on a variety of eco- 

nomic issues with Malaysia in a quiet fash- 

These specific developments in recent 
months, on top of the general emphasis 
that the Clinton a dminis tration has put on 
Asia, gives us considerable momentum as 
we look toward the very important summit 
meeting of APEC, the Asia Pacific Eco- 
nomic Cooperation forum, in November. 

Q. Nonetheless. ASEAN countries sent 
a diplomatic note to Washington express- 
ing regret that Mr. Christopher bad decid- 
ed not to attend the recent annual meeting 
of ASEAN and other Asia-Pacific nations. 
Isn't that a sign of .continuing lade of top- 
level interest in the Clinton administration 
in developing dose and constructive ties 
with East Asia? 

A. Absolutely not. We consider this re- 
gion as uxqmrtant as any other in the world 

and, looking to the next century, probably 
more important than any other in the 
world for American interests. 

I talked to the secretary personally 
about this conflict in bis schedule. I can 
report dhat be was agonized in having to 
miss these important meetings in Bangkok, 
both on a personal and on a professional 

Q. The United States has identified Chi- 
na and Indonesia as two of the big emerg- 
ing markets of the future that it wants to 
tap. Yet the Clinton administration has 
constantly berated, them and other devel- 
oping economies in East Asia for human 
rights abuses and democratic fadings. Isn't 
there a contradiction? 

A. 'I don’t agree with the use of the 

xamying taut “nriKtaiy exerc i ses” at the camp in a forest near 
Weimar and that villagers n earby ha d alerted the authorities. - ' 

Jailed Nuclear Smuggler Offers Deal 

HAMBURG (AF) — Adolf J&kte, a 52ryem-oM businessman’ 
-jailed forindear smuggling, offered to turn aver about 60 
grams (two ounces) of weapons-grade plutonium if prosecutors' 
treat him leniently, a news magazine reported Saturday. Mr. JSJde 
. told die. chancellor's office mat the pfatonium, not enough to- 
mafce -a bdmb but enough to poison thousands of people; was ; 
hodden in Switzqdaod, Der Spiegd magazine reported. ^ 

During a. search, of Mr. Jaklc’s home oq May 10, the police' 
(fiscOTored rix grafflQs -~-abom a fifth (rf an ounce — of exceptioa- 
att^pure phrtoninm-239 that was traced ,to 

rejnesmtisif^riian indi^W^m^ Sofia had obtained the 
plutonium for Mr. JSkle and offered to get more for a Weir 
repeater posing as a potential cheat an the telephone. 

phrase “constantly berating."^ both MM dfiEdS 

ptatraritnn for Mr. JSkle and offered to get more for a Wri 

agenda . 

Wc believe that over time, the promo- JWffg British PllC 6 VAT' 

ttou of human rights and economic inter- ' . r. . . 

ests reinforce each other. In an age of 
information and technology, you need 
open politics as wefl as open economics to 
develop a modem economy. You cannot 
attract investment without the rule of law. 
You cannot root out corruption without a 
Free press. 

Of course; there are occaaonallySome 
tactical ‘trade-offs in terms of emphasis 
and priorities among various goals. At 
times, we will have to adjust our pohey 
depending on the country and the situa- 
tion. However, our overall strategic ap- 
proach will remain constant. 

Q. The United States has threatened to 
withdraw Indonesia's p referential tariff 
access to the American market in August 
unless it is satisfied that there have been 
substantial improvements in Indonesia’s 
treatment of its workers and trade unions. 
Doesn't this risk unsettling the countty 
that wSI host the next APEC meeting In 

A. Wc are working quietly with . our 
Indonesian friends on this issue; both in 
the spirit of a very constructive bilateral 
relationship and recognizing that itwiB be 
host to APEC 

We are not seeking to impose rigid or 
dramatic new practices. But we are looking 
for progress in the right direction. . . 

North Korean Official’s Absence Renews Doubts on His Status 

Compiled fy Oar Sic$ From Dispatches Mr. Kang's name was not on 
SEOUL — Prime Minister the list of North Korean offl- 
Kang Song San of North Korea rials present Saturday for the 
did not attend the funeral of a state funeraL The list was car- 
deputy prime minister, the state ried in a Pyongyang Radio re- 

deputy prime minister, the state 
radio reported Sunday, reviving 
doubts over his position after 
the recent defection of a man 
claiming to be his son-in-law. 


ForWotk, L0agnaAcsden*:£>peitats 
(3109 471-0306 erf. 23 

® Fac C31 03 471-6456 

F« or «f* drtafed reeumfor 

Pacific Weston University 

2875 S. King Street Honolulu, HI 96826 

port monitored Sunday in 

On Friday, Mr. Kang ap- 
peared in public to pay respects 
at the bier of Kang Hui Won, 
who died after a long illness at 

ask the butler... 

:< ^~yeu*u 

wMwt it It it. 

the age of 73, according to Seoul monitoring agency, said they and Western officials have 
North Korean news organiza- they were not sure whether it expressed doubt about the reH- 
tions. He was also named to meant Mr. Kang had fallen ability of his information, 
head the funeral committee. from power., T Small changes Also Sunday, the North ap- 
This had earlier led observers such as funeral arrangements peared to step up its war of 
in the South to believe that the for important officials often words, accusing President Kim 
prime minister had retained bis provide glimpses into power Young Sam of South Korea of 
powers. shifts in the isolated state. being the worst dictator his 

Pyongyang Radio did not Kang Myong Do, 35, who country had ever known, 
give reasons for his absence, defected to the South in May The attack, criticizing Mr. 
and officials at Naewoe Press, a through a third country, said at Kim for not having allowed 

a news conference Wednesday South Koreans to grieve over 

that he was the prune minister’s the death in July of President 
son-in-law. The North has de- Kim II Sung of North Korea, 
SBBB sb _ 1 ; 1 — tried the claim. came in a statement from the 

(71 He said North Korea had al- North’s Committee for the 

■’TTp ready built five nuclear bombs Peaceful Reunification of the 

y and was planning to build five Fatherland. 

more. He was the first reported “Inter-Korean relations, 

“ s-i»N.c.*.p-o-n-£ member of the North’s inner which had been heading for rec- 

j circle to report the existence of onriUatica, have begun taming 
nuclear weapons. bade to the original point of 

South Korean officials seem confrontation due to his provo* 
convinced of his identity, but cations," said the committee, 

they and Western officials have whose statement was carried on 
expressed doubt about the reH- North Korea’s official press 
ability of his information. agency, KCNA. 

Also Sunday, the North ap- “in South Korea there has 
peared to step up its war of fr ge n no such dictato r as Kim 
words, accusing President Kim Young Sam, whose «« gn*»e has 

Young Sam of South Korea of brought the North-South rda- 
beang the worst dictator his tions to extreme confronta- 

countiy had ever known. 

The attack, criticizing Mr. 
Kim for not having allowed 
South Koreans to grieve over 
the death in July of President 

tion," the comntitlee said. 

The committee said that in- 
stead of allowing the Korean 
people to grieve over the death 
freriy, Mr. Kimhad “perpetrat- 

Kim II Sung of North Korea, ed military provocations” 
came in a statement from the against the North in a “never- 
North’s Committee for the to-be condoned treachery." 

Peaceful Reunification of rite 

The statement was released 
in Geneva less than a week be- 

“ Inter-Korean relations, fore the planned resumption 
whidt had been heading for rec- there of ne gotiations between 

. LONDON (Reuters) —A viraos newspaper price war heated • 
cq? in Britain cm Sunday when Tbe Irufcpendait, losing a circular 
tun battle, slashed its cover price. The pubBshcrs announced a . 
temporary 20 pence (3 1 cents) cm to 30 penoe starting Monday m 
an attempt to keep pace with cost-cuttingrivals. The paper did not.' 
say how long the price cut would last .. 

The Indqwndent is being squeezed out of the so-called quality^ 
market in a battle between Rupert Murdoch, who owns The' 
Tixnes^ arid Coniad Black, ownerof The DafyiTefeghpfa. - 1 ; 

The Times kicked ofLtbc war by pntfingits cover price to 30‘ 
pence. When The Daily Telegraph matched the price, The Times 
cut again to 20 pence. • r 


Flights Disrupted m Southern France 

PARIS (AP) — HoBday travelers waited boors foe flights over 
southern France on Sunday as air traffic controllers in die region 
refused to work overtime in a lingering jofr protest 
Controllers in Aix-Cn-Prosence, who w ezit.on strike last week- 
end to demand more staff andretazancaai benefits, stuck to their 
regular 32-hour weeks despite the beginning of the August vaca- 
tion crunch. Delays of tip to 2% boms were reported for fli gh ty 
from airports in Nice, Marseille and Corsica. 

, The Atx-en-Provence center is a control point for hundreds^ 
planes a dayflying between northern Europe imd holiday 
tions in Spun, Portugal, Italy aad^ Tunisia. • . / ^ 

The MeEa Las Americas hunay hotel has opened at the Cuban 
beach resort of Varadcro. (Reuters)- 

Yieteam RaSways plans to opcode services in order to attract 
more foreign tourists and is negotiating with Orient Express FbC’ 
to operate a luxury train between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh aty-, ' 
the official Vietnam Investment Review reported. (j£py' 

AGennan tourist was shot and kffled at a campsite at Calcatog- 
gm, Corsica, and at kast seven German and Austrian tourists were 
robbed overnight m two separate incidents at other campsites oat 
. the eriand, thepohce said Sunday. (AFP) 

Pubs to England and Wales may soon be allowed to stay open 
Sunday afternoon. The Sunday Telegraph reported. The newsrtv 
pa-said the Home Office was preparing a tuH probably for Mb 

£TSton1S y te reqUirm,C ^' 


“^deztts occurred m the last week, including at 

^ n,otorisis ^ 

j . . • - (iWW«^ 

OuriliatiCffL, have begun tammg North Korea and the Umted Anftorities fa Tehran mged peopleto stay « borne and indoors 

bade to the original point of states on Pyongyang’s suspect- Sunday as the tanperature rose to 44 dMiees centicrade nil ’ 
confrontation due to his provo- ed nuclear weapons program. degrees Fahrenheit) in a heat wave that wm exnect«St«nact 
cations," said the committee, (AP, Reuters) four days, v (AfBf 

Talks Between 

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Page 3 

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. f i %JT ?* 

Simpson’s Legcd Bills? Net Worth’s the Limit 


» -«JTv 

By Seth Mydaas 

«T ftc * v ^ 7«* 7im»5cnin>. 

LOS ANGELES — How much wilt O.J. Simpson 
nave to pay for his ever-expanding de fense tram "of 
lawyers, investigators and. experts? Many outside law-. 
yers answer with a question of their own: How much 
®ouey does he have? 

A defense like this will cost, your net worth — 
whatever it is, they’ll take it,* said John Shepard 
w«ey. a professor of law at the University of Cahfor- 
Ma at Los Angeles. Tm just staggered at the number 
Of- lawyers' and scientists and investi gator s that are 
bang daily added to the team.” . - - 
' -One hit 

lasting through the aid of this calendar year could 
come to about $5 million." 

As the Simpson case unfolds on television, it is 
providing a nationwide seminar on the workings of a 
murder .trial. But experts caution that most felony 
defendants are poor and that the trial of a typical 
defendant, with far less to spend, would look very 

In Mr. Simpson’s case, 10 lawyers have so far 
appeared publicly or signed legal briefs for him. But 
most people accused of murder could not afford even 
one of Mr. Simpson's lawyers. In general, such defen- 
dants are represented by public defenders or coun- 
Sycss came tram Robert A. Pugsley, a appointed lawyers, who put in an average of only 500 
i ( v- Cr y Ttm aJ kw at Southwestern University to 750 hours on a case, said Robert Spangenberg, who 

. w acooot in Los Angeles, who said: “When you add heads the Spangeoberg Group, a private c riminal - 
m everything — the investigators, all the lawyers, the justice research group. 

pathologists, the experts, the transportation and tray- “The average hourly fee for court-appointed law- 
«,-tne whole kit and caboodle — I think a fust trial yers around the country m death-penalty cases is S50 

: Preacher Versus Physician 

f trv.- a 


. - ■ , Tf 

• ' ; 

1 . - - 

By Sam Howe Verhovek 

- Ww York Times Service 

PEN S ACOL A, Florida — 

Paul Jennings HSU preached, 
but until Friday, the poKces&y, 
did not practice. One of the two 
persons he is accused of killing, 

Dr. John Bayard Britton, prao- "ScaBpKSw 
need but did not preach.. 

. .These two very different men 
came together outside the Pen- - 
sacola Ladies Center where, the 
Pplice say, Mr. Hill fired at least 
three shots from a 12-gauge 
shotgun just before Dr. Britton 
was to go inside and perform 
his regular rounds at the abor- 
tion clinic. 

Mr. Hill was ordered held 
without bail in connection with 
the killing of Dr. Britton and a 
volunteer escort, James Her-, 
man Barrett, and the wounding 
of Mr. Barrett’s wife, a nurse. 1 

. For the former Presbyterian 1 
minister, the shootings were 
chillingly consistent with a reli- 
gious theory he had been ex- 
pounding, loudly and publicly, 
for months, to anyone who 
would listen. 

?If we can use force to defend 
our children, why shouldn’t we 
dq so for our unborn children?” 

Mr. Hill, 40, asked in March 
w^en he appeared on a televi- 
sion talk show. He repeatedly 
said killing an abortionist 
would be homicide, but bibli- 
cally justified homicide. 

[The director of the Pensaco- 
la clinic asked the FBI to arrest 
Mr. Hifi four weeks ago, but 
federal attorneys declined to 
prosecute, Reuters reported 
Sunday, quoting the FBI. 

" [George WIsnovsky, a 
spokesman for the agency in 
Jacksonville, Florida, con- 
firmed a published report that 
the director of the Ladies Cen- 
ter had asked the agency to ar- 
rest Mr. Hill under anew feder- 
al act intended to protect 
abortion clinics. The director, 

Linda Taggart, told the FBI 

that Mr. FEU had been scream- 
ing through the clinic windows. 

[Mr. Wisnovsky said the re- 
sults of an FBI investigation 
were given to the UB. Attor- 
ney’s office, which “did not au- 
thorize the airest or prosecution 
of Mr. Hill for that situation.”] 
While Mr. Hill insisted that it 
was not God’s win that he hhn- 
■ self take such an action, he: kept 
the T ttiessagie : fdr so 

-that friends said it would 
not be surprising if be had acted 
on it 

“He simply carried out his 
theology," said R oy McMillan, 
a Mend of Mr. Full’s and the 

executive director of the Chris- 
tian Action Group in Jackson, 
Mississippi. “He said, this is not 
wrong to do, so consequently, 
when he did it, he said, this is 
right to do it" 

Dr. Britton’s role in the na- 
tional struggle over abortion 
rights was more complex. The 
69-year-old doctor would tdl 
anyone who asked him that be 
personally' thought abortion 
was wrong, and his .demeanor 
as he performed the operation 
was ambivalent. 

He told one patient that the 
fetus he was about to remove 
was “about as big as a softball. 

a nice, round softball" and he 
almost taunted her for looking 
away so “you won’t know how 
dreadful it is," according to 
Tern Junod, a reporter who 
wrote a profile of Dr. Britton 
for GQ magazine. 

The doctor also turned sever- 
al women away, telling them to 
t h in k further about whether 

they wanted an abortion and to a g C ^ ignore death threats and 
come back the following week if become the only doctor willing 

the answer was really yes. 

Dr. Britton spent much of his 
earlier practice delivering ba- 
bies. He increasingly turned to 
providing abortion services af- 
ter be had been disciplined 

to come to Pensacola and per- 
form abortions after the physi- 
cian who previously did so. Dr. 
David Gunn, was himself shot 
and killed outride another clin- 
ic here 15 months ago. 

Haitians Scramble to Get on the Last Flight Out 

• By Larry Kohler 

New York Tines Service 

Haiti’s last co mm erc ia l air 
link to the rest of the world has 
beta severed as the final sched- 
uled flight, an Air France jet, 
departed just ahead of a Mon- 
day deadline intended to in- 
crease the pressure against the 
country’s military-backed gpv- 

• Although the suspension of 
commercial flights does not af- 
fect the vast mrgority of Haiti's 
7 million people, most of whom 

axe too poor to afford foreign 
travel, it promises to have a psy- 
chological impact, especially pa 
the country’s commercial and 
governing class. 

“We axe sealed in, the whole 
country,” Raymond Lafoutant, 
executive director of the Associ- 
ation of Haitian Industries, 
said. “1 have a sense I am in 

Air France had refused to 
join American Airlines and oth- 
er carriers that suspended their 
flights to Port-au-Prince on 
June 25 as part of the economic 

sanctions against Haiti. But 
when the Haitian military ex- 
pelled a combined United Na- 
tions and Organization of 
American States human rights 
monitoring mission an July 11, 
France retaliated by announc- 
ing that service would end by 
Aug. 1. 

Aware that the flight late Sat- 
urday to French Guiana was 
their last chance to leave or to 
strip cargo abroad, many Hai- 
tians arrived at the airport ear- 
ly. The police allowed only pas- 
sengers with confirmed 

reservations or boarding passes 
to enter the terminal, turning 
away more than a score of peo- 
ple who arrived with valid tick- 
ets only to be told their seats 
had been given to others. 

Among them was Yolanda 
Brunache, who was p lanning to 
fly to Cayenne, French Guiana, 
to join her husband and year- 
old son. “I don’t know what to 
do now,” Mrs. Brunache, 31, 
said, clearly stunned after being 
turned away at the terminal en- 
trance by an Air France ticket 


,**• . 

. >*•. 


Biography of a City 
lty- Anthony Read and Dand 
Fisher. Illustrated. 341 pages. 
£ 3 $ W.W. Norton & Co. 

Reviewed by Christopher 

T O walk the grander streets 
of Berlin is to wonder why 
instead of being celebrated as a 
city of like Paris, Boriia is 
more often thought of as the 
aty of black humor, filled with 
inhabitants who enjoy few 
thing s more than cracking bit- 
ter, jokes about the place where 
they live. 

After all, even Mark Twain 
was impressed, remarking after 
a yisit ra the 1890 s that all of 
Berlin is stately and substantial, 

and it is not merely in parts bnt 

uniformly beautiful” 

Vet after reading 
ing: Biography of iQ®. J 
Atfthony Read and David Fish- 
er t— an Engjisb television wal- 
ing team whose previMS books 

include “Kiisttumacht," “The 
Fatal Embrace” and “The Fan 

vote a tedious amount of 
to the museums, castles 
diers of Berlin. After all, so 
much of Berlin history has been 
about soldiers arriving and de- 
parting, castles rising and fall- 
ing wTid museums bring filled 
up and emptied. 

Except, of course, in the case 
of Hitler’s plundering of. the 
Winged Victory of Samothrace 
from the Louvre; he preferred 
it in his office in the 
ratal retalia- 
> removal of 
the sculpture from atop the 
Brandenburg Gate in 1806. 

Read and Fisher also intro-, 
duce us to a variety of historical 
characters who wared the kai- 
ser’s low opinion of Berlin. 

Most notable among these are 
the Iron Chancellor, Otto von 
Bismarck, who hated the city fw 
its liberal and left-wing inhabit- 
ants; Hitler’s propaganda minis- 
ter, Josef Goebbds, who thought 
of Berimers as “mongrekset 
down in the bleak, sandy Pros- 

have to admire the eta's resil- 
ience, considering . all it has 
been through since it was first 
settled in the 13th century. 

Some of its most extreme ex- 
periences are summed up in 
^Berlin Rising" by what Nov. 9 
has come to memorialize: the 
day the last of the kaisers, Wil- 
helm II, abdicated in 1918; the 
day Hitler first came to national 
prominence with his failed 
riitsch in Munich in 1923; the 

drich Wilhelm was known, 
woke the boy every morning 
with cannon fire so he would 
grow up accustomed to battle. 

He forbade him to learn Lat- 
in because he considered south- 
erners too soft. He forced him 
to kiss his father* s hoots in pub- 
lic and dragged him around by 
his hair. He arranged for him to 
have sex as a 16 year old, there- 
by causing him to contract a 
venereal fhyauM tha t made him 

As the deadline for the sus- 
pension of service approached, 
plane reservations became a 
coveted black market item, 
trading for more than 10 times 
their face value. 

On Wednesday’s flight, U.S. 
officials in Haiti said. Air 
France bumped about 100 Hai- 
tian political refugees who have 
been granted asylum in the 
United Stales to give seats to 
other customers, many of 
whom appeared, to be French 

MS. Embassy officials said 
they hoped to obtain permis- 
sion from the military govern- 
ment for charter flights that 
would take those refugees to the 
United States. 

Also left behind are a large 
group of foreigners. Diplomats 
here estimate that about 3,000 
Americans, 2,000 Canadians 
and 1,500 Britons are in the 
country, most of them residents 
who remain willingly. 

an hour, and there are severe restrictions in some stales 
like Alabama, where the maximum fee is set by statute 
at $1,000," he said. 

At the time of Mr. Simpson's divorce in 1992, he was 
estimated in court papers 10 be worth S10.8 million 
and to be earning $730,000 to $1 Bullion a year in 
endorsements and broadcasting fees. His home in the 
Brentwood section of Los Angeles, for example, is 
es timat ed to be worth SS million. 

Mr. Simpson has placed many of his assets, includ- 
ing the Brentwood home and several local hotels and 
restaurants, m four holding companies. As recently as 
June 29, be consolidated many of his assets in one of 
these companies. Pigskins Inc., apparently to protect 
them from any civil suits against nun. 

It is not uncommon for lawyers to be paid in 
property — a yacht or a private airplane — and some 
Los Angeles lawyers say Mr. Simpson’s house, or his 
expensive cars, could be part of a fee arrangement. 


Clinton Tracks Truman Ghost 

INDEPENDENCE, Missouri — Trying to 
draw some magic from the lodestar of politi- 
cal scrappers, President Bill Clinton went to 
Harry Truman's hometown to start a home- 
stretch push for a health care bill that pro- 
vides universal coverage. 

Wrapping himself m the reputation of the 
first president to propose legislation to guar- 
antee universal health insurance, Mr. Clinton 
likened the opponents of such legislation to- 
day to President Truman's opponents. He 
said they relied in both eras on appeals to 
divirion and fear. 

“All this screaming and yelling, what’s real- 
ly hurting America today is that we're shout- 
ing too much and listening too little, and 
speaking in respectful tones too little,” Mr. 
Clinton told a crowd of several thousand in 
the courthouse square. 

In the rally on Saturday, Mr. Clinton tried 
to cast die health care fight as a battle ag ains t 
nay-sayers against the president. Speaking in 
front of a statue of the former president, 
whose feistiness has worn well with history. 
Mr. Clinton jabbed his finger into the podium 
and offered an impassioned defense of his 
overall record as president. 

He said that just as Truman had had to 
guide Americans in the transition period after 
World War n, he is trying to guide Americans 
into the 21st century. Just as Truman faced 
attacks, he said, be faces attacks. (NYT) 

Cisneros; Bt-Mstrew Sues 

WASHINGTON — A Texas woman has 
sued Housing Secretary Henry G. Cisneros 
for $256,000, alleging he ceased malting 
promised monthly payments to compensate 
her for “anguish," "emotional distress” and 
Joss of livelihood following the end of their 
three-year love affair. 

In the suit filed in state court in Lubbock, 
Texas, Linda Medlar said Mr. Cisneros in 

1990 had “offered a settlement agreement” of 
$4,000 per month to her, until she was able to 
get a job. or until her daughter, now 16, 
finished college. 

In Lubbock, Ms. Medlar’s lawyer, Floyd 
Holder, described the agreement as “an oral 
contract,” breached when Mr. Cisneros 
stopped making payments in January 1 994. 

Mr. Cisneros, whose affair with Ms. Med- 
lar began in 1987 while he was mayor of San 
Antonio, said in a telephone interview that 
when she “requested assistance over the 
years, I tried to be helpful.” He said, “She 
requested $4,000 per month, but 1 couldn’t do 
that consistently.” He said he did not consid- 
er he had ever had a “legal obligation” to 
assist her. (WP) 

Economy Up, President Down 

NEW YORK — President Clinton's ap- 
proval rating has again fallen, continuing a 
six-month slide, according to a survey re- 
leased Sunday. 

The poll, by Louis Harris and Associates, 
found that only 40 percent of adults gave the 
president an “excellent" or “pretty good" 
approval rating, while 59 percent thought his 
job performance was “fair” or “poor." 

The survey was conducted between July 25 
and July 28 of a nationwide sample of 1,249 
adults. It has a statistical margin of error of 
plus or minus 3 percentage points. (Reuters) 

Quote /Unquote 

Representative Maxine Waters, a Califor- 
nia Democrat, and Representative Peter T. 
King. Republican of New York, during the 
House B ankin g Committee’s hearings on the 
Whitewater affair, after Mr. King was ac- 
cused of badgering a witness: Mr. Kin{»: 
“You had your chance. Why don’t you just sit 
there." Ms. Waters: “You are out of order.” 
Mr. King: “You are always out of order.” Ms. 
Waters: “You are out of order. Shut up.” 


Treasury Aide in Eye of Storm 

Whitewater Inquiry Keeps Pressure on Altman 

Smr Mmytr/Rctncn 

Paul H3H, accused of the slayings of a doctor and an escort at an abortion dime, being arraigned in Pensacola, Florida. 

By Stephen Labaton 

New York Timex Service 

Democrat willing to come to his 
defense. Deputy Treasury Sec- 
tocer C. 

twice by state medical authori- 

Despite his own feelings 
about abortion, he had nothing 
but wrath for anti-abortion pro- 
testers, and be believed that 
women should be allowed to 
exercise their legal right to iL 

Dr. Britton also had thecour- 

retary Roger C. Altman has 
come under blistering attack by 
Republicans who called on him 
10 resign for mishandling the 
Whitewater investigation and 

misleading Congress. itri pped away th e indepen- 

MbbramTand Democrat at denoe of the RTC when it came 

us the truth concerning the na- 
ture of those contacts.” 

From Senator Connie Mack. 
Republican of Florida: “Not- 
withstanding his insistence to 
this committee that he did not 
want to get Nvithin 100,000 
miles of the Madison case,’ he 
has become the eye of the 
storm, a storm so furious that it 

Banking Committee 
hearings on the Whitewater af- 
fair, it was clear that the larger 
focus of the hearings would be 
on Mr. Altman. 

Of particular concern is Mr. 
Altman's role as acting head of 
the Resolution Trust Corp., the 
regulatory agency managing the 
savings and loan bailout. 

Under Republican question- 
ing before the Senate Banking 
Committee on Feb. 24, Mr. Alt- 
man first disclosed that the 
White House and Treasury De- 
partment had discussed an in- 
vestigation into Madison Guar- 
antee Savings & Loan, a failed 
Arkansas savings and loan 
owned by James B. McDougal, 
the Clin tons’ partner in the 
Whitewater Development Co. 

But he said there had been 
only one discussion, on Feb. 2, 
and that it had involved a pure- 
ly procedural matter, which he 
also discussed with members of 

He has since amended his tes- 
timony several times to ac- 
knowledge other discussions. 

But other Treasury and 
White House officials have pro- 
vided accounts of the meetings 
that conflict with Mr. Altmans 
versions, and the Republicans 
seized upon the discrepancies to 
pummel him Friday, 

From Senator PM Gramm, 
Republican of Texas: “We now 
know that when Roger Altman 
testified before this committee, 
that he did not tell us the truth 
concerning the number of con- 
tacts between the RTC and the 
White House. We now know 
that Roger Altman (fid not tdl 

to a case involving the president 
of the United States.” 

None of the members of the 
committee voiced support for 
Mr. Altman. 

Senate Republicans tried 10 
embarrass Mr. Altman further 
by disclosing that the White 
House deputy chief of staff, 
Harold M. Ickes, who attended 
the meeting on Feb. 2, told con- 
gressional investigators that 
Mr. Altman sot only discussed 
a procedural matter, as he had 
testified, but also delved into 
the substance of the case. 

The Republicans said Mr. 
Ickes told congressional investi- 
gators that Mr. Altman had 
said at the meeting that it was 
“unlikely that the investigation 
could be completed and a rec- 
ommendation made by the gen- 
eral counsel prior to the expira- 
tion of the staLute of 

In a statement late Friday, 
Mr. Altman said the remarks 
attributed to Mr. Ickes were in- 

■ Bentsen Cates Report 

Treasury Secretary Lloyd 
Bentsen said Sunday that an 
investigation by the Office of 
Government Ethics supports 
claims that Treasury officials 
did not commit any violations 
in the Whitewater affair, Reu- 
ters reported. 

Mr. Bentsen called a briefing 
to make public the 27-page re- 
port that he requested from the 
nonpartisan agency. 


S utscn m Mutual m me venereal disease mat mane mm 
ay the Holocaust was officially impotent as a result of surgery, 
begun with Kristalinacht in And when he suspected his 

son of mvotament in a home 
sexual affair, he put him in ja 
and had his lover beheaded i 

1938, and the day the Cold War 
ended in Berlin, with the start 
of the great exodus of East Ber- 
liners to the West in 1989. 

That the city now seems to 
fare such a glowing future makes 
you wonder if it isn’t a little like 
the son of Friedrich Wilhelm L 
king Prussia from 1730 to 
1740, who suffered from the in- 
sanity associated with porphyr- 
ia, a hereditary disease. 

Determined that his eldest 
am be raised to military manli- 
ness, the soldier-king, as Frie- 

son of mvotasmeat in a homo 

him in jafl 


front of the window of his cefl. 
And yet this unfortunate young 
.man grew up to be Frederick the 
Great, a man of rare talents who 
ruled from 1740 to 1786 and 
transformed Prussia into a great 
power. Maybe youthful experi- 
ence doesn't matter after all 

Christopher Lehmann- Haupl 
ism the staff of Theffew York 


tried to stroke them**; Hitler 
himself, who considered Benin 

ofjjkjrlin” — you understand ^ melting pot of everything that 

wl^thespiritofBeriin'WMmore j sCT ji" 3 sa Naaftutynewq)fr- 

accurately caugbt by tteHoneu- «« summed up his outlook, mA 
zoflern emperor Wilhelm ll thefts postwar federal chancd- 
when he observed in 1 W«: . Konrad Adenauer, who 

“There is nothing in Berlin that bardy bring himself to 

AtMKnwr fH- . i 

can captivate the forrigner, ex- 
cept a tew museums, castles and 
sowBers. After six days, rad book 
in hand, he has seen evoytluiig 
and he departs relieved, feeling 
that te has done his duty ” 

The authors by necessity de- 

nnile when he ^accompanied 
President Jotm-F, Kennedy to 
Berlin in 1963. 

OF course, much of the fore- 
going denigration speaks wdl 
If Berlin, and you certainly 

• Vaiju Naravane, European 
correspondent for the Times of 
India is reading “The Ascent of 
Man” by Jacob BronowskL 
“He retraces the essential 
milestones in our civilization — 

She is also reading "A Suit- 
able Boy n by Vikram Seth. 

• “I can understand why the 
book’s English critics got so 
canted away with ’exotic triv- 
(Ilise Gersten, IRT) 


By Alan Troscott 

O SCAR Brotman and Tun 
Horan sat East and West 
on the diagramed deal. It was 
played in Manhattan in the first 
round of the Rehtinger Knock- 
out Teams. 

North-South reached three 
no-trump after a one-club 
opening by East A dub lead 
would nave settled the issue, 
but West led a spade, assuming 
that the opponents were well- 
prepared for a dub. South con- 
sidered winning with the spade 
ace and working on diamonds. 
That would have produced nine 
tricks if East had begun with K- 
Q-x of diamonds, for South 
could then score three tricks in 
that star. 

Instead, South decided to try 
for two spade tricks and two 
diamond tricks, together with 
the obvious five winners in the 
other suits. He played low from 
dummy, allowing East to win 
with the long and shift to dubs. 
South held up his ace for one 
round, crossed to the heart 
queen, and led a diamond, hop- 
ing to lose a trick to West. But 
East’s seven was fatal: there 
was no way that South could 
score an extra diamond uick 

without allowing East to gain 
the lead, and the contract failed 
by a trick. 

In the replay, the contract 
was two hearts Sid and made by 
North-South. But consider the 
difference that East's diamond 
seven made. If he had held K-9- 
4, South's plan would have suc- 
ceeded and his team would have 
won by 20 total points. As it 
was, Brotman's team won by 
700, and he did not need to 
complain bitterly about his 
partner’s failure to lead a dub. 

♦ A 10 9 

♦ K J 
0 K97 
OA J52 
£■ A J 6 
*A I0D 

North and South were vulnerable 
Thr bidding: 

wmi North Easi South 

Pass Pans I * l N.T. 

Pass 3 N.T. Pass Pass 


West the spade eight. 

Away From Politics 

• The largest U.S. makers of video games have introduced a 
rating system to want consumers of graphic violence or 
explicit sexual content in their products. Industry officials are 
hoping to head off federal imposition of such warnings. 

• The cruise ship Horizon, which was the source of an out- 
break of Legionnaires’ disease, has been put back in 
setting off on a cruise from New York to Bermuda witn a 
load of passengers, company officials said. So far, 11 people 
who took cruises on the ship in May and June have contracted 
confirmed cases of the disease. One has died. 

• As wildfires burned to the west, south and east of Leaven- 
worth, Washington, 1,500 residents were asked by the au- 
thorities to evacuate. Six thousand people in neighboring 
towns were told to be ready to get oul Fires, started mostly by 
lightning, were also burning out of control in Oregon, Utah, 
Montana and other Western states. 

• Prosecutors in Georgia have dropped charges against a 
woman who had been charged with child abuse, a felony, for 
slapping her unruly 9-year-old sou in a supermarket. 

• A medical dink: in Los Angeles has been ordered to pay $1 .8 
million to two patients who were treated for AIDS with a 
homemade drug called Viroxan, which is not medically ap- 

• A car left parked with the engine running struck a group of 
children in Los Angeles after a 2-year-old passenger put the 
vehicle in gear. Five youngsters were injured, three critically. 

• Two out of five Judges In the U A juvenile justice system 
think there are circumstances in which young offenders 
should receive the death penalty, a study to be published 
Monday in tire National Law Journal shows. Amirs, ap, lat 

V 10 7 3 
* Q 10 A 




• Monday 

International Conferences and Seminars 
Education Directory 
Business Message Center 

• Thursday 

International Recruitment 

• Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace, Holidays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

Plus over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further information, contact Philip Oma In Paris: 
Tel: {33-1 ) 46 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 


U&JJ I UP> fji 

Page 4 




SrUmne. Of the House of Islam and a 



Lost in the Bosnian Skies 

The latest product of the “contact 
group” on Bosnia — the United States, 
Russia, France, Britain and Germany — 
is woefully deficient, verging on shame- 
ini. The five had consumed solemn 
months writing a peace plan, and offered 
it oo a take-it-or-leave-it basis to the 
Bosnian parties. The Muslims and Croats 
said yes, the Serbs effectively said no. 
Summoned to Geneva to respond to the 
Bosnian Serbs' defiance, the five foreign 
ministers hemmed and hawed and said 
all this was most unfortunate and the UN 
Security Council ought to tighten sanc- 
'ons and the tike. But wbo thinks any- 
thing effective will be done? 

It is not that the recommendations of 
the foreign ministers, and the allies’ 
countless earlier recommendations, res- 
olutions and decisions have no merit. It 
is that they are put into effect flabbily 
and incompletely. A test of wills has 
been going on for more than two years 
between the Bosnian Serbs and the com- 
pany of nations trying to limit their 
depredations. The Serbs bave won al- 
most continuously. 

By way of preparation for this latest 
meeting in Geneva, for instance, Bosnian 
Serbian forces renewed attacks on Mufr- 
lira enclaves, supply routes and UN 
peace-keepers, shooting at a relief plane 
and contemptuously killin g a British sol- 
dier. To the ministers hovering at Gene- 

va, however, that made no evident differ- 
ence. They seemed more concerned to 
maintain consensus and avoid further 
strain among themselves, for reasons 
with little bearing on Bosnia, than to deal 
with the situation at hand. 

It is a bad joke to think that there 
ought to be a new Security Council reso- 
lution. At this late point in Bosnia's ago- 
ny. enforcement of the old ones is all that 
is required. It was not so many months 
ago that the Clinton administration was 
inviting broad congratulation for its part 
in wielding military power to lift the 
sieges of Sarajevo and Gorazde. Well, the 
Bosnian Serbs are starting to shoot at and 
strangle Sarajevo and Gorazde again. 

Why are NATO aircraft not already in 
the sky perforating the limited but useful 
defense missions that they are already 
qualified and authorized to conduct? We 
are not talking about World War ID. 
We are talking about local operations 
long ago vetted, approved ana planned 
by foreign governments and internation- 
al bodies. We are speaking of the limited 
and prerise application of power for 
the purpose of protecting victims of Ser- 
bian aggression and then of reclaiming a 
piece — a very small piece — of the 
credibility and respect that the interna- 
tional “community has already and irre- 
trievably lost in Bosnia. 


W ASHINGTON — It is disagreeable 
but necessary to turn from the latest 
glowing success in Middle East peace — 
the Jordan- Israel accord — to the dark 
acts of anti-Jewish terrorism in Argenti- 
na, Panama and Britain. 

These outrages, Prime Minister Yitzhak 
Rabin of Israel warns, represent “a wave of 
extreme Islamic radical terrorist move- 
ments.” These groups are commanded by 
pro-Khomeini elements in Iran, wield a 

By Stephen S. Roaenield 

id but secular Arab leaders and West- 
ern interests as weQ. 

Not that terrorists can stop or even slow 
the extension of Middle East peace (Syria 
is next). But their rage goes past Israel to 
such other tempting targets as Arab secu- 
larism and Western capitalism and culture. 
They can destabilize unsteady Muslim 
states and harass steady Western ones. 

The Clinton adminis tration agrees with 
Mr. Rabin in seeing a fateful contest un- 
folding across the Muslim world. The strug- 
gle between forces of moderation and forces 
of extremism is the context in which the 
administration now sets Middle East peace. 

In a broad swath that in the Carter years 

came to be called the “crescent of crisis, "the 
administration haSs the new Jordan-lsrad 
accord for filling in a “rirrie of peace” that 
pushes out to Pakistan and Kazakhstan, 
Saudi Arabia and Turkey and beyond. 

Israel once served American Cold War 
strategy, or meant to, by projecting power 
against Soviet proxies. Its new contribution 
to a new U.S. strategy of enlarging democ- 
racy is to reinforce regional moderates 
against the radicals and me rogues. In this 

way the CHnton administration has grafted gagemen 
the d moose of containing Islamic funda- But if ! 

the purpose of containing Islamic 
mcntalism to the two-decade-old American 
eagagrinent in Middle East peace-seeking 
that fcicbajd Nixon began. 

Except that the Clinton team is careful 
not to call it Islamic fundamentalism. It 
does sot want Muslims in general or right- 
thinking fundamentalists in particular to 
think that the United States has got it in. for 
Somebody^ religion. So the stated target is 
not T- sflarpic fnn daman tafam or any Other 
formulation with a religious zing. The of- 
fending party is extremism. The president’s 

national security adviser, Anthony Lake, 
has referred to “regional extremists cloaked 
in religious garb.” this artful phrase hovers 
at the intaseetkm of diplomatic discretion 
and political correctness. 

These are nuances with heavy policy 

If Islam, Eke faiths better known in the 
West, is a house of many rooms, with only 
one of those rooms being a home for ex- 
tremists, then that is one thing. The impli- 
cation is the arte the administration draws; 
The best way is to dose the door on the 
radicals and invite the others in for eo- 
t and dialogue;. 

ut if Islam, is a faith especially vulnera- 
ble at tins time to & revolt against the 
modem values and ways of the west, then 
that is another matter. The difficult lmplica- 
tion there is that for the duration, very few 
people at the fundamentalist or traditional- 
ist end of ihe spectrum wffl be favorably 
inclined to weak with the WesL 
In short, do the sources of e xtre mism lie 
— hidden and virtually inaccessible — deep 
at the roots of the faith and the culture, as 
some say? Or do they Ue, as Mr. Lake 
suggests, in “political, economic and serial 


STon tic issue of 

right pattern once apptied to the issue 

Islam's nvdutkmaij 
appeal to treatable TOPony audMOTT 

ed States to seek out some sort 

modation.- On the nght, thejMeferred 
diagnosis is that radic a li sm arises from 
: niAratmitm xtul & lust fOT PQW- 

STS* tbeln&erred strategy is contain- 

**11 seems! mS^Tla debate on America's 
dd confrontation with oo nanamm *s no- 
where near finished. Yet already evests me 
toward a potential collision with 
' 5 and caution are required. 

The Washington Post 

American Help for Rwanda 

Massacres. Civil war. Inflammatory 
broadcasts. Panic. And now, disease and 
more death. The horrors (hat Rwandans 
have inflicted on other Rwandans this 
year challenge comprehension. 

Militias of the Hutu majority brutally 
butchered hundreds of thousands of 
their Tutsi compatriots during the 
spring. Tutsi-led rebels raced to take 
over the country and halt the slaughter. 
Radio broadcasts by Hutu hate-mon- 
gers panicked millions of Hutu villagers 
into fleeing their homes in terror that 
they would be killed. More than a mil- 
lion refugees now languish in cholera- 
infested camps in Zaire. 

This huge and hasty exodus has over- 
whelmed private relief agencies and the 
United Nations. French troops have pro- 
vided some help, but their role is limited 
by France's unsavory history of support 
for Hutu fighters. Perhaps only one orga- 
nization in the world has the logistical 
capacity and the skills to provide enough 
clean water, food and medicine to those 
who desperately need it in time to make 
a difference — ’ (he armed forces of the 
United States. 

In one week, operating out of Entebbe, 
Uganda, and Goma, Zaire, American 
troops have made a vital contribution, 
especially by providing clean water, the 
best weapon against cholera. Still, the 
dying continues. For lack of trucks, much 
?f the clean water produced in the first 

days of the operation did not get where it 
was most needed. These logistical bottle- 
necks cost lives and frustrate relief work- 
ers and soldiers alike. 

President Bill Clinton now wants to do 
more, On Friday, he asked for an addition- 
al $320 million in emergency relief rid. 
And Secretary of Defense William Parry is 
looking into the possibility of opening a 
new base for U.S. humanitarian opera- 

of inducing refugees to return home, where 
they would be better off if their safety 
can be reasonably assured. 

Mr. Omton does right in responding to 
this urgent h umanitarian need. Relief is 
different from peacekeeping. Despite the 
apparent victory of rebel forces, Rwanda 
remains a turbulent place. If U.S. fences 
actually do enter die country, it will be 
necessary to protect them from being inad- 
vertently drawn into civil conflict. While 
the acting government in Kigali is report- 
edly ready to welcome U.S. forces, Wash- 
ington must make sure that if those forces 
venture elsewhere in the country local 
commanders will be equally welcoming. 

With a backward glance at the Somalia 
fiasco, where humanitarian relief turned 
into combat with local warlords, the presi- 
dent pledges that this time there will be no 
“mission creep.” Congress would do well 
to reinforce that pledge with a resolution 
calling fra the president to seek new au- 
thority if he wishes to broaden the mission 
beyond purely humanitarian activities. 

Some critics argue that the United 
States should have moved to stop the 
genocide in Rwanda soon after it began 
m April. But that would have taken large- 
scale unilateral intervention and led 
to direct U.S. involvement in the Rwan- 
dan conflict. With no vital American in- 
terests at stake, the president understand- 
ably held back. 

Effective international peacekeeping 
can only come after some kind of internal 
peace is established. When that moment 
arrives in Rwanda, and it could crane 
soon, a predominantly African force 
under United Nations command seems 
the wisest approach. 

But heading off further humanitarian 

No, AU the Horrible Pictures Are Not Driving Foreign Potiey 

iffnell dg ff th through our 
television screens. A calamity, 
born near the borders of Rwan- 
da, was broadcast live by satel- 
lite in real-time. “The worst 
thing I have seen in my life,” the 
strained face of Jim Wooten 
from ABC News told us over 
breakfast “It is the kind of story 

that I think if something Similar 

ever happened again I would 
decline die assignment,” he said 
later, as we prepared for the 
comfort of our beds. “I never 
want to see this again.” 

Goma is far worse than Bos- 
nia or Somalia. Hardened war 
journalists who witnessed die 
bombardments of Sarajevo, 
Mostar or Vnkovar have been in 
shock, unable to come to terms 
with die mass of suffering hu- 
manity, the truckloads of bodies 
tipped into pits, the screams of 
4,000 orphaned children. Then 
nine days ago — more than 
three months into the Rwandan 
war — President Bill Clinton 
pronounced and filled a politi- 
cal void. Something would be 
done. The logisticians, the C- 
5 As and the C-141s of heavy 
airlift were on their way. 

“We're now beginning to see 
the costs of ignoring crisis pre- 
vention,” said J. Brian Atwood, 
administrator of the U.S. Agency 
fra International Development. 

Do not be deceived by the 
hyperaction we now see in 
Goma. TV images of the exodus 
of 1 million people did force a 
response to a crisis that the lead- 
ing world powers had ignored. It 
was, however, a rare response to 
TV coverage, bom as much out 

By Nik Gowing 

This is the first of two articles. 

of shame and panic as of apress- 

M ajpr 

ing obligation to help. For 12 

weeks of terrifying tribal geno- 
cide the (T«nfpp administration 
and other Western governments 
had actively resisted the flow of 
horrific pictures that document- 
ed the Tpnss slaughter. 

As early as late April and 
May, we saw virtually identical 
TV images of bloated bodies 
bobbing in rivers and 460,000 
refugees fleeing across the 
Rwandan border to Tanzania. 
One woman was even filmed be- 
ing hacked to death. 

In late sprin&Africa special- 
ists at the State Department and 
National Security Council had 
detailed scenarios for a looming 
catastrophe. Efforts to draw at- 
tention to their fears were re- 
buffed at the highest levels. 

If TV images had the influ- 
ence on policy that many as- 
sume, there would have been a 

In other words, there is no such 
foundation at the moment. 

Washington was not alone in 
its indifference to TV images. 
Because of commitments to 
Bosnia, the bigger European 
nations effectively turned a 
blind eye to Rwanda. Even the 
belated French military com- 
mitment to Rwanda had little to 
do with television. It was more a 
of President Frangois 
d’s complex Socialist 
maneuverings, designed to bog 
down French troops in an Afri- 
can quagmire tiros embar- 
rass the conservative govern- 
ment in the months before next, 
year's presidential elections. 
Meanwhile, three years of 
war, perhaps 200,000 people 
killed and 2 million refugees 
have not produced a strong 
Western response to the may- 
hem in the former Yugoslavia. 

Having interviewed more than 
300 diplomatic and military in- 
siders for a research project at 
the Joan Sbarenstein Barone 
Center at Harvard University's 
John F. Kennedy School, Icon- 
dude that the belief that shock- 
ing real-time TV coverage of 
the new generation of ethnic 
and civil conflicts drives the 
making of foreign policy is 
a sdf-oenjetoat- 

zng myth. Usually (but riot al- 
ways) the so-called CNN factor 
is not what many .assume. . " ‘ 
“As a source of information 
for the National Security Coun- 
cil [television] is not that impor- 
tant,’* saidCharies Kripchan, di- 
rector of the European. Affairs 
desk at tiie National Security 
Council until earlier tins year. 
“Gross pictures of sagging fin 

Bosnia ] were not going to force 
intervention because the policy- 
makers have decided. .. these 
fights are not worth picking.” 

Vivid coverage did not force a 
Western policy to end the war in 
Slovenia; or to save Vukcyar 
and Dubrovnik; or to force in- 
tervention to toll the Bosnian 
Serb’s bombardment^ of Gor- 
azde. Similarly, the dispatch of 
h m m m itarpm aid in a flurry of 
seff -congratulation and justifi- 
cation to alleviate a catastrophe 
is frequently misread as a 

ehangp in policy. Flying fire 
from Cambnna, t 


frania, water 

purification machinery from 
Frankfurt and military teams to 
organize a refief effort is a highly 
viable, reactive response. But it 
is not a change hi forei g n polic y. 

preemptive or preventive polity 
s Unit- 

response to Rwanda. The 
ed States would not have de- 
clined United Nations requests 
to use the same land of massive 
military airlift now deployed for 
Goma to transport African 
troops who were pledged for a 
5,500-strong UN operation. 
Had those troops been deployed 
then, they might — just might — 
have created a momentum to 
prevent the current calamity. 

“We’re living in a world 
where the enemy today is cha- 
os,” said Mr. Atwood. “Our for- 
eign policy has to have as its 
foundation crisis prevention.” 

: fwuu. 

WEk£ - 
f & GO HOME 

The writer is diplomttiic editor 
T Ef7Cs Channel 4 News, lan - 
_ jk. Be contributed this comment 
to The Washington Post. 






The Pacific Island Slates, Rich in Resources, Need to Do Better 

disasters a job the U.S. mflitaiy can do 

tions inside Rwanda, in the capital city of 
salutary effect 

Kigali That could have the salutary effect 

wdL The Clinton administration de- 
serves credit both for its earlier prudence 
and for its present compassion. 


Whitewater Damage Control 

Last week’s Whitewater hearings be- 
fore the Banking Committee of the 
House of Representatives numbed the 
senses. That was the way committee 
Democrats and the White House planned 
it. Restricted by rules imposed by the 
chairman and frustrated by a well-milled 
White House defense. Republicans 
gained very little traction with their 
charge that the White House and the 
Treasury Department had conspired to 
shape a federal investigation into the col- 
lapse of an Arkansas savings and loan. 

But the administration’s own self-por- 
trait was an alarming one. Its main line of 
defense was to blame the media for all 
those meetings about what was supposed 
to be an arm’s-length federal investigation 
into whether funds from Madison Guar- 
anty were illegally funneled into the 
Whitewater Development Corp. and BQl 
Clinton’s 1984 gubernatorial campaign. 

“Almost everything that’s involved here 
. . . results from our efforts to respond to 
queries from the press.” said Lloyd Cutler, 
the White House counsel. But this sudden 
solicitude for the press, echoed by other 
witnesses, rings hollow. From early in Mr. 
Clinton’s campaign, inquiries about the 
Whitewater investment have been met 
with stonewalling and evasion. What was 
portrayed last week as an exmdse in en- 

lightenment was in fact yet another exer- 
cise in political damage control 
This is a terrible way to govern. What 
was driving the exercise was the question 
of the president’s political health. The 
motive was not to inform the public but 
to restrict information and limit expo- 
sure. Deputy Treasury Secretary Reger 
Altman, who is expected to be the focus 
of Senate bearings this week, provided a 
telling glimpse of the White House atti- 
tude in a diary entry describing a discus- 

C ANBERRA — Over the past 
decade; most Pacific island 
countries have achieved only slow 
growth In pcr-capita incomes de- 
spite favorable natural and human 
resources, high levels of foreign aid 
and generally sound management. 
This phenomenon has been called 

The World Bank, in a 1993 re- 
port, estimated that real gross na- 
tional product in the island states 
had increased by an annual aver- 
age of only 0.1 percent over die 
previous 10 years. The bank con- 
trasted that to the much higher 
owth rates of some Indian 
and Caribbean nations. 
Leaders of Australia, NewZea- 

By Gordon Bilney 

The writer is AustroUtfs minister fin- Pacific island affairs. 

land, Papua New Guinea and 12 
other regional states in the South 
Pacific Forum meet Monday in 
the Australian resort of KooraL 
byn, and Tuesday in Brisbane, to 
consider how best to manage their 
resources. The stakes are high. 

Population growth rates in 
some of the South Pacific islands 
are among the world’s highest 
This, taken with limited and frag- 
ile resource bases on some is- 
lands, has contributed to a real 
dedine in living standards. 

Mass unemployment, over- 
stretched government services, 

growing lawlessness and environ- 
mental degradation are likely if 
population growth remains un- 
checked, according to the Pacific 
2010 researrih project of the Aus- 
tralian National University’s 
Center for Development Studies. 

Hie South Pacific nations have 
sovereignty over 20 million, 
square kfloroeters (7.7 roHRon 
square miles) of ocean and the 
resources which tins vast area 
contains. These waters supply 
about half the world's canned 
tuna. The annual harvest, about 1 
million tons, is worth $L 1 hflfion. 

sion with Hillary Rodham Clinton’s chief 
ff about the 

of staff about the appointment of a spe- 
cial counsel He quoted Margaret Wil- 
liams as saying that “HRC ’doesn’t want 
[the counsel] poking into 20 years of 
public fife in Arkansas.*” 

Last week, House Democrats cooper- 
ated with Mrs. Clinton's desire to draw 
the veil over the Arkansas years. But they 
could not prevent the public from getting 
a glimpse of this administration’s un- 
healthy approach to governance. Even 
Mr. Cutler conceded that there were too 
many meetings. No matter how innocu- 
ously it is portrayed, a process that brings 
departmental and regulatory officials to- 
gether with the White House political 
team has historically been an arena for 
abuse and an invitation to trouble. 


International Herald Tribune 



RICHARD McCLEAN. Publisher A Chief Euouive 
JOHN VINOCUR, Extern* EiSur A VkePreidM 

CHARLES MTItTIElMWEOepun fi&ws* CARLGEWffiTZAfsociarfifiw 

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• R£fv£ BONDY. Deputy Pttbbsher* JAMES MdJ3DD. Advertising Oirrttir 
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DimwurAd{nOtt dr h Pubiicanoru Kmhame P. Dumnv 

Intonation^ HeraJd Tribune JXI Avon* ChafcKfcOauflc.92521 NeuffljwuivScine. France. 
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iW boenUfit»tti/ Heni/TrilMBir Aff tTXf8*rrsenoLB5N:&5M-}f)52. 

The Best and Worst of a Bad Show 

N EW YORK — The four 
major U.S. television net- 
works have already rendered 
their verdict on the entertain- 
ment value of the first round of 
congressional Whitewater hear- 
ings: They didn’t air a single 
minute of them. 

The New York Times and The 
Washington Post have delivered 
their verdict on the hearings’ his- 
torical value: Neither paper pub- 
lished any transcripts. “Rarely 
has mindless partisanship been 
more blatantly on display,” said 
Ted Koppd after surveying a 
video replay of the moment in 
which the Democrat Maxine 
Waters yelled at a Republican 
antagonist to “shut up.” 

And that was one of the good 
parts. At one point Thursday, 
bored engineers at the public 
television station in Washing- 
ton inadvertently broadcast a 
few seconds of “Mister Rogers’ 

Later, as the session tattered 
its 10 th hour, the hearings dis- 
appeared entirety from televi- 
sion view — even C-Span 
jumped ship. Which raises the 
knotty philosophical question: 
If a congressman postures in a 
committee room where no one 
is listening, is he realty there? 

Still, if the whole world was 
not watching, I was, at Inst for 
the first two days’ sessions in 
the House Banking Committee, 
A lonely exercise, yes, but not as 
difficult as you might think if 
you prop open your eyes with 
alligator dips, like Malcolm 
McDowell in the torture 

By Frank Rich 


quence of “A Qockwork Or- 
ange,” and freebase caffeine, 
Whitewater bearings are a snap. 

Far those who did not do 
thefr dvk duty, here is a scrupu- 
lously nonpartisan digest of the 
major players and develop- 
ments in the House thus fan 

Gonzo vs. Leach: Henry 
Gonzalez, the Texas Democrat 
who runs the hearings with an 
iron gavel, has the facial creases 
and sty down-home courtliness 
to be me next Sam Enin, but all 
resemblance ends there. Enforc- 
ing a strict five-minute limit oa 
each question ex and ruling any- 
thing mat might resemble a sub- 
stantive inquiry out of order, he 
makes a kangaroo court look 
like a model of jurisprudence. 

But Representative Jim Leach 
of Iowa, the insufferably pious 
Republican avenging angel of 
Whitewater, almost makes Mr. 
Gonzalez seem ingamous. For- 
ever advertising bis erudition 
with gratuitous scholarly refer- 
ences (to Copernicus yet) and 
knitting his brow as if Washing- 
ton’s dastardly evils might dis- 
serve him into tears, Ml Leach is 
a Dickensian windbag in search 
of bis own “Bleak House.” His 
early disclaimer of any desire “to 
suggest or imply criminal con- 
duct” was the Republicans' fun- 
niest display of hypocrisy. • 

The Ohio* edge: The White 
House counsel matched Mr. 
Leach when he announced with 
a straight free, “I am not here as 

a special pleader for the presi- 
dent of the United States.” 

Best witness: The previous 
White House counsel, the much- 
reviled Bernard Nusshaum, re- 
sponded to hours of repe ti tive 

questioning with self-deprecat- 
ing New Yc * 

v fork wit and passion, 
regurgitating the same few 
shreds of information in seesnt- 
ingty infinite firmristK variations 
until it was haxdto tell the dead 
from the living on the cammittca 

Worst witness: Deputy Chief 
of Staff Harold lekes, though 
testifying onty briefly as .the 
least ynppk-i&h member of a 
panel of 10 White Hoase aides, 
evinced an insolence and CKn- 
tonesque penchant for suspi- 
ciously legalistic locutions mat 
should make Republicans eager 
for his encore. 

The Shaw factor. Not only, 
did the hearings have to com- 
pete with bona fide Washington 
news breaks like the joist con-, 
gressional appearance of King 
Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin and : 
the anti-crime bill but with the - 
sonorous voice of Bernard Shaw 
of CNN. The one, lonely tefcvi- 
son news star covering the 
hearings, Mr. Shaw invariably 
talked over the questioning at 
any rare moment that it threat-' 
eaed to become interesting. 

By Friday, in what is likely to 
be a continuing pattern. CNN 
was desperately cutting away to 
the roost arcane of preliminary 
O.J. SfaupstHi w ' Vi ng 

any excuse to give Mr. Shaw and 
Congress the hook. 

The New York Tunes. 

The area is one of the woritfs 
last great fisheries. It needs to be 
harvested sustainably so that fu- 
rore generations mayprosper. 

Overexploitation or marine re- 
sources can cause irreparable 
damage to stock levels. It is vital- 
ly important to make sure that 
nations that send fishing fleets 
into the South Pacific do not — 
by poaching, inaccurate catch re- 
porting or the dubious incentive 
of providing aid funds in com- 
pensation — deprive island coun- 
tries of a fair price for their fish. 

- In some South. Pacific coun- 
tries, rampant exploitation - of 
tropical forests by foreign inter- 
ests has caused serions environ- 
mental and social problems. 

■ Some islands wut be denuded 
erf commercially viable forests by 
the turn of tire century if rates of 
eraloit&tion do not slow; others 
wul be irreparably damaged. ■.This 
wifi reduce the capacity erf the 
land to support growing popula- 
tions. It will also cause major en- 
vironmental problems such as the 
siltmg of lagoons and reefs, which 
will reduce the offshore fish 
stocks that provide vital food and 
income. Tourism, too, will suffer. 

The story is not all doom and 
gloom. Polities tbat^ wOLlead to a 
more .sustainable forestry sector 
are beg in n in g to be applied by 
some island states. But this will 
not be easy, given the high reli- 
ance on forestry revenue. 

Aid to tiie South Pacific, rela- 

tively generous up to now, is un- 
likely to. rise. Prospects for im- 
proved fiving standards will de- 
pend increasingly on efforts to 
stimulate trade and attract quali- 
ty foreign investment. 

While the fast-growing Asian 
economies, with roeir huge labor 
forces and expanding markets, 
have a significant edge over the 
much smaller and relatively iso- 
lated Pacific island states, their 
successes are more than a matter 
erf size and geography. Asian gov- 
ernments have taken deliberate 
policy steps to mobilize domestic 
savings and open their economies 
- to foreign investment. 

The private sector could con- 
tribute more suhs tantiaTty to eco- 
nomic growth in die South Pacif- 
ic, for example in small-scale 
manufacturing, agriculture, fish- 
eries and tourism. Several island 
countries arc well down this patij}, 
But there is further potential for 
business development. * 
The future still holds promise 
. for the South Pacific. But aQ codq- 
tries wifi have to work tobutid tijat 
future. Problems can be tackled 
propedy onty if leados and peo- 
ples of the area commit themselves 
to the effort. And aid donors can 
-help, but only if their. programs 
support, and do not undermine, 
those of the island countries; 

This comment was ... 

; the International Herald 

from a recent speech by Mr. Bibiey- 


1894; Asian Naval Battle 

SHANGHAI — ■ Private des- 
patches have been reoeived here 
from Tien-tan anno uncing that 
another -naval engagement be- 
tween the Chinese and Japanese 
jquadrrin* took place yesterday 
[jnty 30]. The ironclad Cfcen- 
Yuen, die largest and most mod- 
em' vessel in the Chinese navy, 
was sunk by the Japanese after a 
body contested fight The Herald 
in its leader tchday, referring to 
the Washington rumors, hopes 
that we will thmk twice before we 

accqrf the porititm of arbitrator 

between China and Japan. 

the fields they fought to defend. 
General Pershing undoubtedly 
expressed the fe amg of all, the 
American soldiers who came to 

- * - - - * tilt 

- huu UO, 1 icutu il- 

ls an attitude tlrat a distinguished 
from the domestic viewpotnt ‘of 
America, w at least part ^tL : 

1944: APughOnlo^aam 


££ARL HARBOR —{Froa 
New York atitfororjapte 
si s tan e e on Guam nas etrf?*" 
at least temporarily, and i 

. and Amni . . * - - ~~- J - 

V-’’> j* 



1919s Bmrymgthe Dead 

■ PARIS — General Pershing Has 
smmgty advised the War Depart, 
ment agamst moving the Ameri- 
can soldier dead, from France In 

muss mc L 

ush a new line caw 
Admiral Chester W. 1 X 1 UJU 
n°mced tomght [/aiy 3il 

on Timan the ramainiagi” 

WlttkQBrS wnk nritwn'wnni J 

iS • 


ican dead should rest forever in 

waoaams were compressed 
podret Amenom fra 
pivoted on the Vest 
? a P«nt 1,000 yardjt b 
Agra Town and, estabtia 
uue across the island. 



% . 





By Keith B. Richborg 

Washington Pan Sent* 

— After the 
■* ®? re to* 30 American 
lwes during the US. affitary 

■'22?^ P S6mali ^ « 

' M?®* 1 «?Mkdy to some that 
troops would be 
■’laS m Afncajust four months 

. ? u t now, UJS. troops, are en- 
■teruig Rwanda. Hovering over 

■-?* e Y 0 ^ in g U&.jmBtwy role 
6®“; “ the J s ? ecter of another 

’ - «e possibility that 

"ir u P? 6 ** «°»H again get 
■Sucked mto an African quag- 
..mire. Juxtaposed are tmnw; of 
■“* displaced Rwandans, 

.and the knowledge that the US. 
.mihtary has the logistical capa- 
bility to alleviate some of the 

‘Whenever you put your 
-troops anywhere, they can be 
■** «T said Representative- 
■' Mel Reyuolds,Dcmocmctf D- 
■..Imois here Saturday. “But the 
alternative is to do nothing.” 

The surface parallels are 
souring, which may account for 
the Clinton a dminis tration's 
cautious approach. 

As in Somalia, US. troops 
are entering a war-battered Af- 
rican capital with no infrastruc- 
ture, with a view to creating a 
base of support for a faltering 
relief operation. As in Srw*mKa 1 
the U.S. troops wiB be operat- 
ing in support of aid efforts. 
And as in So malia, it is uncerr 
tain how long the troops win 

In Somalia, the goal was to 
secure Mogadishu’s interna- 
tional airport and seaport, to 
allow relief aid to flow to starv- 
ing Somalis in the outlying 

In Rwanda, the plan is for 
U.S. soldiers to secure the inter- 
national airport at Rwanda's 
capital, Kigali, as a staging area 
for relief goods and to help en- 
tice Rwan dans home. 

The goal in Somalia was said ‘ 
to be strictly humanitarian, 
with U.S. forces not wantingto 
intervene in clan fends. The 
Rwandan operation is labeled 

In Mogadishu. UJ5. Marines 
were greeted as heroes in De- 
cember 1992 by militia war- 
lords and a grateful populace. 

Within weeks, however, the 
Americans became the targets 
of Somali snipers, and by Feb- 
ruary, Marine commanders 
were complaining that the 
troops had stayed too long and 
were taking up the functions of 
a police force. 

The relief operation's com- 
mander, Lieutenant General 
Daniel Schroeder, said after vis- 
iting Kigali that people on the 
streets waved and appeared 
friendly. *..._. 

“I dm iiof fed threatened,* 
he said. 

Making the comparison more 
complete is the presence at die 

Parallels With Somalia 

Rwandan border of many of the 
rdkf agency and UN officials 
involved in the early stages of 
the Somalia operation, unicsf 
has even brought in six Somalis 
to help relief efforts here. 

These surface parallels — 
and the rti s* <rfpT that the Soma- 
lia mission became — have 
made the international commu- 
nity timid about Rwanda and 
Other • foreign, “humanitarian” 
tmKtary ventures. “The Somalia 
syndrome” is -how one UN offi- 
cial here described the world's 
reluctance to intervene. 

The Rwanda operation, how- 
ever, does differ m several key 
respects, at least as concerns the 
planned American involve- 

. Perhaps the most important 
difference is the scale, just a few 
thousand U.S. troops in Rwan- 
da compared with the more 
than 20,000 in Somalia. 

The troops going to Kigali 
will be going at the invitation of 
the government in place, the 
Rwanda Patriotic Front which 
seized Kigali after weeks of 
heavy fighting. In Somalia, a 
country still with no govern- 
ment, America's intervention 
was largely a unilateral affair, 
although the veteran diplomat 
Robert B. Oakley later won 
agreement from leaders of dans 
and factions. 

“If there's & legitimate or rec- 
ognized government on the 
ground, irs far different than 
when you have competing fac- 
tions, 7 * said a Unicef spokes- 
man here who normally works 
in Mogadishu. 

Another difference, he said, 
is that while U.S. troops in So- 
malia were entering a violent 
situation, the fighting in Rwan- 
da seems largely over since the 
Front declared victory July 18 
and set up its own government 
Most of those routed had fled 
across the border here to Zaire. 

Ulh MfdkH/ Renter. 

A cholera patient being carried by herfather into a dime in the Rwandan town of Rubavu. 

n ana tan an, - _ . . . . _ . 

RWANDA: Humanitarian Role Stressed as U.S. Reopens Kigali Airport 

Continued from Page 1 

other equipment needed to unload aircraft. 
They were the first of a follow-up force to a 
15-member advance party that arrived in 
Kigali on Saturday afternoon. 

White much of the city's normal popula- 
tion of 350,000 is dead, missing or m ref u- 
. gee camps, residents are slowly returning 
to t he larg ely empty city, and an overriding 
sense of cahn pervades. 

The arriving Americans have set up 
ramp on thesecond and third floors of the 
airport and has encountered no problems, 
officers and soldiers say. 

A 54-member air force team from the 
436th Air Lift Wing at Dover Air Force 
Base in Delaware scrambled to get set up 
and operating within four hours of .lanti:^ 

' mg. Runway lighting was quickly repaired!; 
“Tins is a 24-hour-a-day operating airport 
from this point cm,” said Mr. Perry, who 
added that the expanded operations here 

would more than double the capacity to 
deliver relief supplies to Kigali. 

The United Nations High Commission- 
er for Refugees, Sadako Ogata, also visit- 
ing Kigali on Sunday, said the increasing 
capability to deliver relief goods to the 
Rwandan refugees was “quite positive, es- 
pecially with the US. military coming in to 
deal with airlift” But at the same time, he 
said, it is far from adequate.” 

Mr. Twagiraxnungu expressed gratitude 
for the U.S. relief mission^ saying, “We 
want this operation to be a real success.” 

He reiterated pledges from the Rwan- 
dan government that returning refugees 
would be safe from reprisals. 

“We are not going to get into a trap of 
revenge, retribution or reprisal,” Mr. Twa- 
.guamungu said, bur he said those respon- 
aolefijrwar crimes would be put on trial. 

The “caution with which the United 
States is entering Rwanda was immediate- 
ly evident. Although Canadian and other 

UN troops are free to travel in the city 
without flak jackets or weapons, arriving 
U.S. airmen were told they would be con- 
fined indefinitely to the airport. 

■ BaDadnr Says French May Stay On 
Prime Minister Edouard Ball ad ur said 
on Sunday that French troops might stay 
on in a safe zone for refugees in southwest 
Rwanda beyond the expiry of their UN 
mandate on Aug. 22 to avoid destabiliza- 
tion, Reuters reported from Goma, Zaire 
“We will not withdraw unless we have 
the feeling that the zone is safe and that it 
will remain safe after our departure,” he 
told French television after touring the 
refugee disaster area by helicopter. 

However, he said that given the level of 
world-concern about -the Rwandan refugee 
crisis, he could not -.believe it would be 
impossible to find 2.000 soldiers to replace 
French troops who had played a protec- 
tion role alone for the last two months. 


Action Approved 

Continued from Page 1 
the U.S. military to usher him 
bock into office, in a letter call- 
ing for “prompt and decisive 
action” to restore democracy. 
The Haitian constitution 
barred him from giving more 
explicit approval for foreign in- 

Father Aristide's letter was 
enough to calm Latin American 
countries. Since he is still the 
legal president of Haiti, they 
can argue they are not defend- 
ing a unilateral US. assa u lt 
Eke the 1989 U.S. invasion of 
Panama, which a majority of 
them opposed. 

The Pentagon has said as 
many as 15,000 U.S. uoops 
could be used in an interven- 
tion. Argentina has confirmed 
its participation and offered 
600 soldiers. Jamaica is consid- 
ering a small role. 

The resolution also lays the 
groundwork for a 6.000- troop 
peacekeeping mission under 
UN command that would take 
over from the U.S--led force 
once order is restored, to re- 
main until February 1996. The 
peacekeepers would train and 
reorganize the Haitian Army 
and police, and monitor nation- 
al elections late next year. 

U.S. officials said several 
thousand American troops 
would stay behind in Haiti to 
join this mission, putting on 
UN blue berets again as they 
did in Somalia. But Washington 
would insist on an American 
commander. The costs would 
be paid through the United Na- 
tions, with the U.S. share about 
one- third. 

In an unusual twist, the coun- 
cil resolution also sets up a 
force of several dozen interna- 
tional monitors to keep an eye 
on the U.S.-led assault for the 
Security Council. This is a con- 
cession to Russia, after the 
council set up similar monitors 
group in mia-July to scrutinize 
Russian troops who are on a 
UN-approved peacekeeping 
mission in Georgia- 

Even though the United Na- 
tions is staggering under the 
burdens of its operations in 
Bosnia, Rwanda, Somalia and 
14 other places, the United 
Statesmoved to extend its reach 
once again, indicating there re- 
mains no other forum for mobi- 
lizing concerted multilateral ac- 
tion for crises that no power 
wants to lake on alone. 

Mrs. Albright detailed in 
scalding terms why the United 
States is at the end of its pa- 
tience with the officers who 
overthrew Father Aristide 

“The usurpers now wielding 
power have brazenly murdered 
political opponents! they have 
'sown terror among the poor, 
they have gone back on their 
word, they have created a pup- 
pet show and called it a govern- 
ment.” she said. 

Syria Unbending 
On Israeli Peace 

Mubarak Reports to Rabin 
After His Talks With Assad 

By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

New York Tima Sermx 

TABA, Egypt — President Hosni Mubarak and Prime 
Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel failed Sunday to signal 
significant progress in bringing Syria and Israel closer to a 
peace treaty. , , . 

The two leaders, admitting in a news conference that 
neither of them was a “prophet,” said they had no clue of 
what it would take to persuade President Hafez Assad of. 
Syria to follow the example of Egypt, the Palestine Liberation 
Organization and Jordan in moving to end the state of 
belligerency that bas existed between the two countries since 

The meeting was set up for Mr. Mubarak to report to Mr. 
Rabin on the remits of his talks earlier In July in Syria. But 
even before the meeting, several Israeli officials were signal- 
ing that they held little hope, largely because they felt that Mr. 
Mubarak had little influence over the Syrian president. 

“The main role President Mubarak sees for himself — and 
an important role in the Syrian-lsradi process — is to pass on 
perceptions and not necessarily some sort of specific messages 
between the two sides,** Yossi Bolin, Israel’s deputy foreign 
minister, said. 

Mr. Rabin reiterated the need for Syria to move toward 
direct talks with Israel instead of relying on intermediaries 
such as Egypt and the United States. 

“Syria has to do something in its public diplomacy that will 
bring the people of Israel the conviction that Syria is eager to 
have peace,” Mr. Rabin said. “I will give you an example. 
When President Sadat came to Jerusalem, believe me, he 
broke all the psychological walls.” 

He was referring to Anwar Sadat of Egypt, who made a 
historic visit to Israel in 1977 that led to a peace treaty 
between the two countries in which Israel returned all Egyp- 
tian-occupied lands. 

“We haven’t seen anything of this kind or on this scale from 
Syria,” Mr. Rabin said. 

Sp eakin g of Yasser Arafat, the Palestine Liberation Orga- 
nization chai rman, Mr. Rabin also expressed some skepticism 
about the performance of the PLO since it obtained limited 
self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho. 

Mr. Rabin criticized him and the community of world 
financial donors that had agreed to finance S2.4 billion worth 
of investments there, accusing them of having done very little. 

“What worries me for the present is the stalemate, the 
inability of the donor countries and the PLO to achieve what 
the donors need to push some S400 to $500 million for 
economic and social development.” he said. 

He warned that failure to revive the economies of Gaza and 
other Palestinian regions would translate into a general disap- 
pointment with the autonomy agreement signed by the PLO 
and Israel on May 4 in Cairo. 

NAAGP Leader Denies Harassment 
Of Employee and Files Gountersuit 

The Associated Press 

executive director, Benjamin L. 
Chavis Jr., denied Sunday that 
he sexually harassed a former 
employee and accused the 
woman in a countersuit of fail- 
ing to keep her end of an out-of- 
court agreement. 

. Mr. Chavis, bead of the Na- 
tional Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Colored People, 
and the former worker, Mary E. 
Stansel reached their settle- 

ment in November 1993. Ac- 
cording to court records, Ms. 
Stansel was to be paid $50,000 
and then six monthly install- 
ments of $5,400. 

Under another provision of 
the agreement, the NAACP was 
to pay Ms. Stansel $250,000 if 
Mr. Chavis could not find her 
another job that paid at least 
$80,000 a year. Ms. Stansel said 
Mr. Chavis reneged on that part 
and is suing the organization 

CAMP: The Terrible Secrets About the Serbian Slaughter and Eviction of Muslims 

Continued from Page 1 

until it closed four months lata; grows of 
Muslims were executed every night Nearly 
all were civilians. On at least otic occasion, a 
group of more than 100 people was executed 
in this way. ^ 

• Muslim men, women and children in 
Vlasenica ware rounded up with equal brutal- 
ity and subjected to the same abject condi- 
tions in Susica. Sosica was generally a transit 
camp for women and children, but some were 

• Many Muslim men from Vlasenica who 

were not executed were eventually trans- 
ferred to the Batkovic camp near Bgegina, 
about 60 miles to the north. At Batkovic, the 
Serbs presented these civilians to the Red 
Cross authorities as “prisoners of war” rather 
jhan what they were, arbitrarily arrested ci- 
vilians. . ‘ 

Mr. Popovic, who was a sergeant m the 
Yugoslav Army in the late 1970s and joined 
the Bosnian Serbian forces when the Bosnian 
war broke out, explained his decision to talk 
as an attempt to assuage his conscience. 

He admitted to hatting beaten Muslim pris- 
oners, but says he never killed any. Increas- 
ingly troubled after Susica dosed, he smdhe 
deserted the Bosnian Serbian army and fled 
Vlasenica on Jan. 1, 1993, abandoning a tim- 
jer business and his home there. 

— t part of :* — u 
s said, tug 

jeaixL “I had grown up - - , 

is had all the guards. And yet we beat mem 
wth pieces of timber and iron rods. How 
«uld anyone imagine such things before iney 


: highest level” said Mr. Popovic, 
aw out of the former Yugoslavia. 
ps and executions of avjbans have 
been the work of Serbs m Bosnia. 
,ats and Muslims have also operated 
iring the Bosnian war, and the Mus- 
■cin ramp near Sarajevo is a prison 

where the international authorities believe 
that Serbs have been widely abused. 

Serbian civilians have been brutally evicted 
by Muslims from many towns in central Bos- 
nia, including .Zenica. 

Asked about events in eastern Bosnia and 
Vlasenica, Budhnir Kosiutic, the head of a 
war crimes commission established by the 
Serb-dominated Yugoslav government, ar- 
gued that Serbs have been imprisoned in 
many camps by the Muslims. He insisted that 
Muslims “initiated whatever happened in 
Vlasenica by provoking and attacking the 
Serbs in the first three months of 1992 in 
several villages in eastern Bosnia.” 

It is certain that the rise of the Muriim- 
natkmaHst Party for Democratic Action of 

Serbs throughout Bosnia cause for some con- 
cern ova their future. But Western diplomats 
have found little evidence of attacks on Serbs 
before the war began. 

Neither Major Jachnovic, identified by Mr. 
Popovic as the overall commander of. Susica 
ana the “cleansing” of Vlasenica, nor Mr. 
Nikobfi whom survivors of the camp and Mr. 
Popovic named as the man with day-to-day 
control of the camp, could be reached- The 
Bosnian Serbs severely restrict the movement 
of journalists, and do not hesitate to arrest 
them when they slray from officially permit- 
ted themes or itineraries. 

“The Muslim families of Vlasenica ran 
away of their own accord when the Bosnian 
war broke out,” Mikajlo Bajagic, the Serbian 
president of the town council, said in an 
interview. “Bat, for a period of tune, there 
were some who were imprisoned, there were 
some who were confined.” 

What, Mr. Bajagic was asked, happened to 
these Muslims who were imprisoned or con- 
fined? “They were exchanged,” he said, 
“against Serbian prisoners.” Then, as he 
seemed to sense that he had said too much 
and mOd panic spread across his face, he 

“But what I say may not be completely 

accurate. It is probably not accurate at all. I 
did not have this job at the start of the war. I 
really have no idea what was going on.” 

On May 31, 1992, -three Serbs in a Volks- 
wagen Golf drove up to the Vlasenica home 
of HIba Mehmedovic, a 50-year-oid widow. 
She knew one of them, whom she identified in 
an interview as Dragan Basta, but the others 
were unknown to ha. All the men had auto- 
matic weapons. 

The Sabs came into ha bouse and arrested 
ha two sons, Kemal Mehmedovic, a 27-year- 
old driver, and Nedzad Mehmedovic. a 25- 
year-old mechanic. 

“Wb y are you taking my boys?” Mis. Meh- 
medovic asked. The men rallied that the 
arrests amounted to no more than an admin- 
istrative procedure and that ha sons would 
return shortly after repents had been filed. 

Mrs. Mehmedovic never saw ha sons 
a gftin. 

That day, she tried to get information from 
the police, the mayor and a prominent Serbi- 
an doctor in Vlasenica. To no avafl. 

After ha boys' arrest, Mrs. Mehmedovic 
said, she survived seven more weeks in Vla- 
senica, before being forced onto a bus on July 
18 and taken to a village near the Muslim- 
held town of Kladanj, about 20 miles to the 

For the last two years she has lived with 
otha Vlasenica refugees in the classroom of a 
kindergarten in Kladanj, obliged to use toi- 
lets built for 4-year-olds and to sleep on a dun 
mattress cm the floor beneath which she keeps 
two faded black- and-white photographs of 
her sons. 

“Like any mother,” she said, tears abruptly 
filling ha eyes, “I have to believe my boys are 

Mr. Popovic, the Sab who was one of the 
15 guards at Susica camp, said Mrs. Mehme- 
dovic hopes in-vain. “The two Mehmedovic 
beys woe executed in June 1992,” he said, 
“ana being taken to the Susica camp.” 

While conditions for Muslims in Vlasenica 
were terrible throughout May 1992 — the 

refugees said beatings, random arrests and 
reprisal killings were commonplace — their 
systematic eviction and slaughter did not 
start until the beginning of June. 

First, a camp for this purpose had to be 
prepared, and in a forma military depot 
called Susica the Sabs had found an ideal 
spot- Mr. Popovic said that at the begin ni ng 
of May he was told by his commander. Cap- 
tain Bohan Kultic, that he was to work in a 
prison camp. 

During.May, Mr. Popovic said, a large 
hangar was emptied and the camp surround- 
ed with thick coils of barbed wire. “Fifteen of 
us were chosen as guards,” he said. “We woe 
all over 30; they wanted people with some 
experience. The alternative was to be shot, or 
sent to the front line.” 

Tuggin g ins beard, he added, “I still did not 
believe there would be massacres of civil- 

Zijad Zemic was one of the first men to 
enter Susica as a prisoner on June 2, 1992. He 
stayed in the camp until July 1. Now 19, he 
speaks with a stutter and fear haunts his pale 
eyes. He is a refugee in Tuzla. 

“Two armed Serbs — I only know their 
first names, Milan and Miso — came to my 
house cm June 2, 1992,” he said. “They told 
me to put my arms behind my bead and come 
with them.” 

Mr. Zemic was thrust into a group of about 
200 Muslim men being rounded up m Vlasen- 
ica and led down to the Susica camp. There; 
be said, he was searched, and all Ins docu- 
ments were taken. Then he was pushed into 
the hangar. 

“The place was full of other Chilians,” he 
said. “Some were wounded, some very dirty. 
There was a concrete floor, and virtually 
nowhere to sit.” 

Conditions, according to more than 20 
convergent accounts, were appalling. At least 
600 people — men, women and children — 
were generally inside the hangar, which was 
about 40 yards long and 20 wide. They were 

not allowed io wash; in the mid-summer heat, 
the smefl was sometimes overwhelming. 

Twice a day, prisoners were allowed to file 
out of the hangar to get a bowl of thin soup 
and use a toilet. No talking was permitted at 
any time, nor any blankets to cushion the 
concrete flow. Men were regularly stripped 
to the waist and beaten. 

Sometimes prisoners were beaten to death. 
One such victim was Dunno Honda c, a Mus- 
lim who used to work in the telephone com- 
pany in Vlasenica. Several witnesses said he 
was killed inride the hangar on or about June 
15, 1992. Another older man. Asim Zfldic. 
was beaten to death shortly afterward, Mr. 
Berbic said. 

“It’s tree that Dunno Handzic was beaten 
to death,” said Mr. Popovic, the guard. “It 
was believed that be had weapons. Another 
man beaten to death was Redzo Ha tunic.” 

Mr. Popovic described how the selection 
process at the camp worked: Men suspected 
of having some political influence or traffick- 
ing in arms were not taken for exchange and 
were generally executed; otha men who 
seemed more innocuous were often trans- 
ported to Batkovic camp for eventual ex- 
change. Women and children were taken up 
to the front line a few miles to the west and 
forced to walk to Kladanj. 

But in many cases, the process seems to 
have been very random. Harudin Meric, for 
instance, was arrested with his wife and three 
children and taken to Susica on June 2. Two 
days lata, his wife and children woe allowed 
to go to Kladanj. He was lata taken to 
Batkovic camp and exchanged, and now Uves 
as a refugee in Tuzla. 

But his older bother, Muharem, a 44-year- 
old carpenter, remained in Susica camp. 

“I have never heard anything about my 
brother again, although I wrote repeated let- 
ters,” Mr. Harudin said. 

Mr. Popovic said Muharem Meric had 
been executed. 

TOMORROW: The pace of killing acceler- 


Feminist Battle 

Continued from Page 1 

and, as unemployment bas 
climbed over the last three 
years, women have been hurt 
most; among men, the official 
jobless rate is 20 percent, but it 
is 30 percent among women. 
The average wage for women is 
still 30 percent Iowa than that 
for men. 

Sbe is also sponsoring “posi- 
tive action” programs in both 
private business and govern- 
ment with a view to freeing 
women from their traditional 
roles as secretaries and persona] 
assistants and promoting them 
to more senior positions. 

Women now hold 42 percent 
of government jobs, but only 13 
percent of top jobs are held by 
women and these are concen- 
trated in the Ministries of Cul- 
ture and Soda! Affairs, which 
are both headed by women. 

In politics, she said, the ob- 
jective is parity between men 
and women, but she conceded 
that this would not be easy. 

Her favorite campaign in- 
volves the image of women. 

“We have to change the ste- 
reotyped idea of the dependent 
woman,” she said. “We have to 
create a new image in harmony 
with reality.” 

Has riie been surprised by the 
effect she has had as a feminist 
in government? Apparently 
not. “I am just doing what peo- 
ple expected of me,” she said 


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International Herald Tribune, Monday, August I , /W 

Page 7 

5*?!lAk MARKETS 

Hot Japan S umm er Cools 
Utilities’ Need for Bonds 

By Ken Ellis 

OKYrt , 

^nmnw^ oa ty makes sense that Japan's record high 

^™er temperatures would be good to sdters of beer and 
But could they also be a boon for bonds? 

uroy iuso oe a ooon ior Donas; 

nnm>. e anSWef appears to be yes. High temperatures help 
because air conditioners running full tilt 


S ^ 15 down ’ 80 <**<** * The Nomura. SecuritiScd! 

and^hA® e ^ nc J >ower < ? 3Tn P an i es aren’t worded about bond yields 
Ac y <» interest anymore,” he said, 
outof the hot^umn^^ ^° W mQC ^ ca sh t bey’re going t° get 

up, the need for bonds 

is down. 

the hot summer.* 1 

Japan’s nine largest utilities — - 

had planned to sell 226 trillion xrr^u : -■ 

yen ($22.6 bfibon) far the w With Utility profits 
ending next Man*. Only the 
central and local governments 
issue more. 

In July, though, only The To- 

kyo Electric Power Co., Japan’s 

If*®® 1 power company, and Ghubu Electric Power Co. issued 
bonds. Japanese bond underwriters said that Tobokn Electric 
rower Co. and The Qragoku Electric Power Co. have scrapped 
thor plans to issue bonds in July. 

Why? All nine of the electric power companies on Japan’s four 
mam islands have seen new records for electricity demand, the 
Nomura official said. 

. Roughly a third of the way through the 1994 financial year, the 
nine big utilities have so far issued just over a quarter of the Z26 
trillion yen in bonds they had slated for issue t™s business year. 

Utilities’ appetite fear bonds is normally curbed in summer 
anyway because high temperatures slow construction of new power 
plants that additional bonds would help pay for. 

Another reason electric companies nave scrapped bond issue 
plans is that life huamnr* companies are Jpmdmg them money at a 
rate lower than what it would cost the power companies to sell 
bonds, an underwriter for The Nikko Securities Co. sakL 

With most Japanese corporations trimming ca pi tal investment 
p l a n s, finan cial institutions, which are having a difficult tune 
making loans, have turned to utilities, which must keep investing in 
plants and equipment for long-term growth. 

Japanese bankers said that for most of July, Japanese life 
insurance companies were offering corporations 10-year loans for 
4.4 percent, the same rate as Japan’s long-term prime rate cm five- 
year hank loans. For most of Jody, 10-year government bond yields 
have remained above 4.4 percent. 

If an electric utility company were to sell 10-year bonds to 
investors, it would have to pay a yield higher than (hat on govern- 
ment bonds to attract investors and pay securities companies for 
underwriting fees. 


International Herald TrAune 
World Stock Index, composed 
of 280 internationally jnvestable 
stocks from 25 countries, 
compiled by Bloomberg 
Business Nears. 

Weekending July 29, 
daily dosings. 
Jan. 1992 = 100. 


137 — ■ . 

136 . 

135 ‘ ' - 


99 -r~f- 



F M T W T F 
Latin America 

Industrial SoctorsWeekend dose 

7091*4 78204 * 

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7 /lSet IBM 

Energy 113.71 112.30 +126 CapHat Goods 116.10115.42 *0-59 

Utifltte8 121.46 119.79 +1.39 Raw Materials 128.77 12757 jW 

Finance 117.76 It 6. 54 +1.05 Consumer Goods 9918 8660 *0.78 

Senricas 120.Q1 11B93 +091 Mscaflaneous 130.3S 128.88 41.31 

tv. .Virifw 1 1 <? HnAw Mbies oT stocks h‘ Tokyo, Sw LoiKfcK^ and 

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O mamaBcMl Harold Tribune 


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fTarooky,- IMFtSP/U. OSOer aata &vr> Reuters ana 

In Moscow, 
No Bailout 

THt Associated Press 

MOSCOW — The Russian 
government wiB not rdmburse 
investors who lost money in the 
country's biggest investment 
fund. Prime Minister Viktor S. 
Chernomyrdin said Sunday. 

Thousands of shareholders 
gathered at the headquarters of 
the investment firm MMM try- 
ing to turn in old shares and 
buy new ones that went on sale 
Sunday. They demanded that 
the government give financial 
assistance to MMM to allow it 
to pay off investors. 

“The Russian government 
wiB not pay compensation for 
financial losses incurred by the 
MMM joint-stock company 
shareholders, since money for 
that purpose can be taken only 
from taxpayers who did not buy 
MMM shares,” the ITAR-Tass 
news agency quoted Mr. Cher- 
nomyrdin as saying. 

Shares in MMM were the 
hottest item in Russia until last 
week, when the stock plummet- 
ed in a matter of days. Trading 
in MMM shares was halted 
over the weekend, except at the 
company’S'beadquarters, where 
a new special issue went on sale 
Sunday for 1,065 rabies (about 
50 cents). Company officials 
predicted the shares would soar 
in value. 

Critics of MMM say it is a 
classic pyramid scheme, where 
money from investors who en- 
ter late in the game is used to 
pay off earlier share buyers. It 
must ultimately collapse, they 
say, when the pool of new inves- 
tors dries up. 

MMM insists that it is a le- 
gitimate investment firm with 
holdings in industry and other 

Mr. Chernomyrdin said the 
government was partly to 
blame for the fiasco because it 
did not warn investors. But. he 
said, people “were aware they 
were investing money in a risky 
under taking. ” 

Mr. Chernomyrdin also said 
the Russian cabinet was prepar- 
ing a legislative package to reg- 
ulate the securities market 

If the MMM collapses total- 
ly, it is likely to damage public 
confidence in market reforms in 
general, which could have dire 
political consequences. Up to 
10 million Russians have in- 
vested is MMM, hired by its 
aggressive advertising promis- 
ing of instant riches. 

Taking the German Plunge 

U.S. Firm Finds Its Investment Pays Off 

By Brandon Mitchener 

Uitemutumot Herald Tribute 

FRANKFURT — Since the early 19S0s. 
sky-high wages, taxes and other costs have 
given foreign investors good reason to beat a 
path around Germany's door. Recession and 
a costly rash of racism since German unifica- 
tion in 1990 have done their part to make a 
bad situation worse. 

For the brave few companies that have 
made the plunge, however, an investment has 
often paid off handsomely, as Robert Shaw 
can testify. 

“When people say it's wrong I think that’s 
the best time to invest because you get a 
better deal," said Mr. Shaw, president and 
chief executive officer of International Jensen 
Inc„ a Chicago area-based stereo speaker 
maker that has bought two companies in 
Germany in the past two years and is hungry 
for more. 

“I wouldn't close the door on further acqui- 
sitions or other forms of relationships,'' he 
said. “We’re constantly window shopping” 

International Jen sen acquired Magnat Au- 
dio, one of Germany’s top automotive and 
home speaker brands, in September 1992 and 
Mac Audio Electronic, a company that designs 
and markets car speakers and related electron- 
ics, a year later. 

Magnat, which was in bankruptcy proceed- 
ings when International Jensen bought it, has 
been in the black virtually from day one, 
according to Mr. Shaw, and Mac Audio, a key 
to the company’s future expansion, is also 
reported to be performing well 

The company’s decisions illustrate the kind 
of investment Germany is attracting these 
days. Neither Magnat nor Mac Audio manu- 
factures anything itself. Rather, both compa- 
nies buy their products from partners in Ger- 
many and elsewhere and focus on sales and 

Since the end of the 1980s, in fact, foreign 
net investments in German holding compa- 
nies and financial institutions have totaled 22 
billion Deutsche marks ($14 billion), while 
manufacturing has seen a net divestment of 
8.5 billion DM. 

But U.5. and other foreign companies con- 
tinue to invest in Germany because it remains 
the world’s third largest economy, hosts a 
growing financial center and is strategically 
located in a region with good prospects lor 
long-term growth. 

“We see tremendous opportunities in our 
products in Europe and in an expanded Eu- 
rope in the decades ahead,” said Mr. Shaw, a 
former management consultant and White 
See JENSEN, Page 10 

China to Widen 
Global Access to 
Stock Markets 

Iraq Plans Higher Oil Output 

By Paul Lewis 

Sew York Times Serrice 

BAGHDAD — Expressing 
confidence that the United Na- 
tions embargo on Iraqi oil ex- 
ports will be lifted by early next 
year, the Iraqi oil minister said 
he was preparing to triple oil 
output over the next few years 
from an initial 2 milli on barrels 
a day. 

Revenue from the increasing 
oil production could offset the 
cost of the reparations that Iraq 
must pay for its 1990 invasion 
of Kuwait. Bui it could also put 
pressure on world oil prices, un- 
less demand keeps growing and 
production declines elsewhere. 

In an interview. Safa Hadi 
Jawad, the oil minister, estimat- 
ed that Iraq would have the 
capacity to export slightly more 
than 2 million barrels of oil a 
day after the embargo is lifted. 

But he said Iraq intended to 
raise production to its quota 
within the Organization of Pe- 
troleum Exporting Countries of 
3.6 million barrels a day, the 
same level as Iran, within 10 to 
14 months, once it obtains the 
parts needed to repair oil instal- 
lations damaged during the 
Gulf War. Iraq was producing 
an estimated 33 million barrels 
a day before the war. 

In the next six to eight years, 
the minister said Iraq would al- 
most double this level of out- 
put, increasing production to 6 
million barrels a day by devel- 
oping new oil fields in the south 
of the country in joint ventures 
with foreign companies. South- 
ern Iraq’s undeveloped oO re- 
serves are estimated at 20 bil- 
lion to 30 billion barrels. 

Iraq’s hopes have been bol- 
stered by recent movement 
within the United Nations to- 
ward relaxing the embargo on 
Iraqi oil exports. 

Although the Security Coun- 
cil agreed not to remove the 
trade sanctions when it re- 
viewed Lhcm recently, several 
countries, led by Russia and 
France, made clear that they 
would like to see sanctions re- 
laxed early next year if Iraq 
continues to cooperate with 
U.N. disarmament efforts. 

Mr. Jawad’s projections 
come at a time oF rising oil 
prices. In the United Slates, 
crude oil for current delivery 
has surged above $20 a barrel 
from $14.50 in late March. 

To ensure that Iraq’s reLurn 
to the oil market did not de- 
press prices, Mr. Jawad said he 
expected Saudi Arabia and Ku- 

One Loyal Golfer p Signs’ On 

By Erik Ipsen 

OuemarionaJ Herald Tribune 

RICKMANSWORTH, England — Chris- 
topher Boxafi would have been the ideal con- 
testant for “What’s My Line?,” the American 
television game show of the early 1960s, ««m 
where celebrity guests posed probing ques- gojf 
tions to the contestant in an effort to a seer- £800 
tain his invariably offbeat occupation. 

In fact, the handsome 30- year-old former 
accountant is the manag- 
ing director of CB Designs 
International Ltd. But 



crossed golf club and paint 
brash threaded through a 
“CB” insignia, offers any 
due to his true tine of 

Mr. Boxail's five-year-old firm makes golf 
signs. You know, toe signs on golf tees that 
list the hole number, yardage and number of 
strokes required to make par. 

“Other companies do golf signs by de- 
fault,” says Mr. Baxall, the 30-year-old 
founder of CB Designs. “We market our- 
selves as makers of high-quality golf signs.” 

Working out of a second-floor set of offices 
in Ricknumsworth, just north of London, that 
he shares with a local osteopath. Mr. BoxaS 
and a full-time staff of seven have to date 
furnished about 100 golf courses with signs. 
His clients range from the golfing world's 
holiest of holies, such as St. Andrews in Scot- 
land, to Spain’s Valderrama, home of the 
1997 Ryder Cup, and the Royal Hong Kong 
Golf Qub. He’s even supplied courses created 
by British Coal on the rites of some of its 
abandoned open-pit coal mines. 

What CB Designs offers its customers is 
high-quality signs — any size and shape — 
made of anything from cast aluminum or 
bronze to etdted slate or granite. _ 

“We are delighted with our signs,” said 
Greg Dukait, director of golf at the East 
Sussex National Golf Club, home of last 
year’s British Open. East Sussex bought four 
sets of date tee signs for each hole to spruce 
the course up in preparation for the Open. 

“They turned our order around in just six 
or seven weeks,” he said. 

It was five years ago, while he was working 
as an accountant for Touche Ross in Paris, 
that Mr. Boxafi began casting about for a 
lucrative business niche in which he could 
found his own company. Bong an avid golfer 
with a 7 handicap, indeed, had much to do 
with bis move toward the links. 

So too did the high average income ot 
people who play golf, and the fact that golf 
signs — from those at the course entrance to 
the tees — were frequently just not, as be saw 
it, up to snuff. 

“People spend millions on new courses and 
when you go there the first thing you see is a 

tatty piece of plastic with the course name 
hang ing off a dinky little pole,” he observed, 
noting that the tee signs are rarely any better. 

CB Designs’ signs are not tatty. On the 
other hand, they are not cheap either. Mr. 
Boxail’s price for outfitting a typical 18-hole 
" course in toe signs alone ranges from 
($1324) to £45,000, depending on the 
aesthetic ambitions — and budget — of the 
course’s owners. 

Once upon a tune, the posh, country-club 
look that Mr. Baxall specializes in was anath- 
ema to most British golf clubs. Only recently, 
under the influence of some of the most 
prodigious and deep-pocketed creators — in 
particular, the Japanese — have owners be- 
come more image-conscious. 

To Mr. Boxail’s chagrin, the most tradi- 
tional and some of the most famous of Scot- 
tish courses still eschew signs altogether. At 
some venerated courses, notably Muirfield. 
the only clutter permitted on the course is a 
tin box on each tee containing sand and grass 
seed so that golfers can dutifully undue their 
divot damage. If confused golfers cannot find 
the seventh tee from the sixth green, fine. 
Scottish traditionalists insist their courses can 
be played in any order. 

After nearly five years in business. Mr. 
BoxnH is hoping finally to break into the 
black this year, with expected revenues of 
around £500,000. Key to that forecast is a 
major new diversification into house signs 
under the name Strawberry Signs. 

“With that name, we are going for an 
English, traditional, soft look.” explains Mi- 
chael Freedman, a private investor who earli- 
er this year pumped cash into the company to 
help it gear up for its latest market foray in 
return for a large slice of the parent compa- 
ny’s equity. 

“Strawbeny has a fruity feel to it without 
the hierarchical ‘oomph’ of CB Designs Inter- 
national Ltd.” 

Strawberry’s house signs, like CB Designs' 
cast aluminum golf signs with their raised, 
hand-painted numerals, will be made to or- 

“If you’ve got a dog with fourteen eyes and 
you want that on your sign, we will do that,” 
said Terry Donovan. CB Designs’ sales man- 

When it comes to die marketing, the two 
units wifi diverge. To service the 400-odd Brit- 
ish garden centers, gift shops and iron mongers 
who have enlisted to cany CB Designs' prod- 
ucts, Mr. Boxafi and his colleagues say they 
emphasize a cheery familiarity — not the icy 
efficiency apparently favored by golf dubs. 

“Golf dubs call up and insist on discussing 
there order with our managing director,” 
notes Mr. Freedman He contrasted that with 
the new house sign unit, where titles are 
conspicuously absent from business cards. 

wait to accept lower OPEC pro- 
duction quotas. 

In the longer term, be pre- 
dicted that Iraq’s plans to raise 
oil production would not weak- 
en oil prices because rising Iraqi 
exports would merely fill the 
gap left by expected production 
declines in Algeria, Indonesia 
and the North Sea. 

If Iraq succeeds in pushing 
up its ou production sharply, 
and if oil prices do not plunge 
because of increased supply, by 
the end of the century Iraq may 
offset the economic conse- 
quences of invading Kuwait. 

It would be pumping enough 
new oil to compensate itself for 
the 30 percent slice of oil reve- 
nue that it must pay in repara- 
tions under the Security Coun- 
cil's terms for the Gulf War 

Assuming Iraq can produce 6 
million barrels of oil a day, it 
will be required to hand over 
the revenue from 2 million bar- 
rels a day to the Kuwait com- 
pensation fund, but it will still 
retain control over the other 4 
million barrels a day. 

That would give it oil reve- 
nues comparable to those it had 
before the war, assuming oil 
prices remain unchanged. 

■ Kuwait Privatizes 

Finance Minister Nasser 
Abdullah Rodahanof of Ku- 
wait on Sunday announced a 
$12 billion plan to privatize 
state-owned enterprises, 
Agence France- Prcsse reported 
from Kuwait City. 

Mr. Rodahan, quoted by the 
English-language daily Arab 
Tunes, said it would cover pri- 
vatization of enterprises in the 
water, electricity and communi- 
cations sectors. 

By Kevin Murphy 

International Herald Tribute 

SHANGHAI — Straggling 
to bolster investors’ faith in 
China’s stock market, Beijing 
will indefinitely suspend new 
share listings and allow foreign- 
ers greater influence in markets 
now largely off limits to them. 

Comments by China's top se- 
curities regulator, Liu Hongru, 
and reports in the official Peo- 
ple’s Daily, indicate that Beijing 
is placing increased faith in in- 
ternational investors’ ability to 
both support its troubled stock 
markets and match Chinese in- 
dustry’s strong thirst for capital. 

Regulators hope to halt a de- 
stabilizing 72 percent share 
price slide in China’s domestic 
market since January — the 
worst performance of 182 equi- 
ty market indexes measured 
globally — by choking off the 
supply of new shares in its lo- 
cals-onJy, or A share market. 

At the same time, Mr. Liu 
hinted at plans to allow up to $ I 
billion worth of new B shares to 
be issued “in coming years,” 
which would roughly triple the 
current size of the market for 
foreign currency-denominated 
stocks available to non-Chinese 

“The recent problems in the 
stock markets are problems that 
come with progress,” said one 
regulator quoted in the People's 
Daily who attended a high-level 
Beijing conference charged with 
finding solutions to the coun- 
try’s market woes. 

To be sure, steps such as ac- 
celerating the opening of Chi- 
na’s markets to foreign invest- 
ment. which brings an 
inevitable loss of control over 
individual companies, and rais- 
ing less cash from the sale of 
state assets are seen as unpalat- 
able by some officials. 

Moreover, apart from wan- 
ing ideological concerns about 
allowing foreign ownership in 
Chinese companies, the chief 
practical obstacle to direct for- 
eign investment in the larger A 
share market has been the lack 
of full convertiblity of the Chi- 
nese yuan. 

However. Beijing plans to 
open up the local market to 
investment by Sino-foreign 
joint venture fund management 
companies on a trial basis. 

Beijing also said that it would 
pour an undisclosed amount of 
government funds into the mar- 
ket through selected securities 
companies in an attempt to bol- 
ster long-term institutional in- 

Plans to list up to 21 Chinese 
companies, dubbed H shares, 
on Hong Kong, New York and 
other stock exchanges will pro- 
ceed gradually, but probably at 
less ambitious asking prices 
than China’s first offerings sold 
at last year. 

“With about 50 B shares and 
10 H shares, foreign fund man- 
agers have few good choices 
available to them,” said Bill 
Sung, a China fund manager 

with Morgan Grenfell Invest- 
ment Management (Asia) in 
Singapore. “Bui there is a gold 
mine in some of the A shares.” 

Up to 5 million Chinese are 
estimated to have become 
shareholders in about 200 listed 
companies since stock markets 
opened in Shanghai and Shenz- 
hen three years ago. 

Once thought to be a ticket 
to instant riches, when millions 
amassed outride the two stock 
exchanges for a chance to buy 
a relative handful of shares, 
China's stock markets have 
been battered by the govern- 
ment’s attempts to cool an 
overheated economy and an 
oversupply of newly issued 
stocks with checkered histor- 

This year, and especially in 
recent weeks, losses of up to 9 
percent in one day’s trading as 
happened Thursday in Shang- 
hai, have taken the luster out of 
5 hare ownership. 

Strict measures against un- 
authorized speculation in 
property and stock markets, 
rising interest rates, and ru- 
mors that China will increase 
the size of a $11.8 billion sale 
of high-yielding bonds to fi- 
nance its fiscal deficit, have 
combined to hammer local in- 
vestors’ confidence. 

China's B shares, however, 
have enjoyed a recent rally, 
with many foreigners seeing a 
buying opportunity after 
months of fosses and signs that 
Beijing has engineered a soft- 
landing for its economy. 

"There is always the fear the 
locals know more than you,” 
said one Hong Kong-based 
China analyst of the tentative 
turnaround in market senti- 
ment. “But we’re seeing signs 
that up to 40 percent of recent 
B-sbare trades are being done 
by local people with access to 
foreign currency.” 

Analysts believe that large 
Chinese investors may be ball- 
ing out of the A shares to buy B 
shares, which entitle them to 
equal dividends and voting 
rights but which cost less to 

A year ago. Shanghai B 
shares traded at a 75 percent 
discount, on average, to identi- 
cal A shares. That differential 
has steadily narrowed, with 
some individual B shares now at 
a premium against the related A 

■ loader Traders Fined 

Two people have been fined a 
total of 710,901 Hong Kong 
dollars ($92,085) in Hong 
Kong's first stock-market insid- 
er trading conviction, the gov- 
ernment said, Agence France 
Presse reported from Hong 

Tony Lau, a director of Suc- 
cess Holdings Ltd., was found 
to have passed on information 
in mid- 1992 regarding the then- 
listed company to his girlfriend 
Chan Dan-oar, who in turn 
used the knowledge to deal in 
Success shares. 



IKssidents in Chum 
An End in sight for Bear Market 
Direction of the Dollar 
Unresolved Problems in Bosnia 


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t?iS-o ll« +47 ElxoEa 3054 -70 FTOirtln Ms dTr: 'tOSGnwp: TxFBIx 978 +4 

jjIcIBranrWi: PacflSi 3977 +77 CorpQud P23.91 +44( SluQsp 677 +.10 «--+—* 

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Btpgmn 1(LI6 r isphro. 1A46 +.16 CATEp 572 -JlW 1C . 

1147- +47 [ SIBondx 19. 
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TXTFb 1178 +44 2TaxS« 1178 - 47! 
USGova 676 - 48 SncPlAp 9.99 +47 
Utifitlesp 873 +.18 Idex3 7474 -78 

IS ^ TSi 

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STFxinc 978 *42 


EguBV 9176 +.12 
Fxdincm 974 +.12 
Muni 1046 +46 

TCCcrl 1173 +.12 
TC inc P 1043 +JC 

AdiMtg 946 -41 IrwCoA p 1875 +.U 
ImMIan 9.68 -JM| LWTEBd IA10 -M 
InttLinn 1076 +43 NwEcon Pi4j>7 -.u 

Govt a 1374 - 48 CatvtftGRKJp: 
GwtnFd P 2672 -77 Arid 28.10 

HITrslP 1406 - ArieiAp 5176 —IS 

IncoFflp 137V -47 GlatlEa 1875 -79 

IntBdP 1142 -.08 Incox 1625 +.13 

IrwCoAp 1875 +.14 " - - 

MtaSec n 10.48 - .08 > 
ARK Funds: 

CapGrn »73 +46 
Grinco nx 9.96 +41 

NewPerplSTS +.t4 
SmCoW p 27SI - .14 
TaxLxp»pUX7 -.06 

MECAI 1071 +42 
Munlnt ► 10.13 
Social P Z&.'i’O -79 
SocBd. 1692 +46 
SocEa 5072 + 74 
7 xFUd nx 1066 — 42 

-07 TCLafr I2.M *X9 

TCNorlp 974 + 46 

» TCSCP1 876 +45 

— IS OefGrpinstt 
-79 Decllx 1671 -46 

+ .13 Deiwrl 1801 +.15 

jj+S . ,3 TxFSl 1114 +41 RoDNp 14X6 +.16 CATEp 572 +JM 1 

n 1X0 -43 RnHcrGvt 10X6 +.11 FrankSaTenwt, i DBB 770 +J£ 

IMMtSn 2075 — 42 BnHorMurl0X5 +.11 GenTtGvtplMS +41 | Discnvp 1CLO +46 

MunCAn loll +03 Ftrit Amur Fds A: GkioOjr a 1373 +04 . EauitPIp laS +07 

MWffn 1073 + 43 AstAUOX 1076 + 49 HordQp- p1335 +.011 Exlrtnp A10 -41 

K^niooa +49 Bakin p 107S +49 HiincO^pll JO +04 1 Frf^cp abj +42 

Refifen If TB +.08 Equity P 1675 +04 FlfttWilRlPte WOBCP 54 - 

TortTt n 1806 +.15 EalcteP 1071 +.12 Bond n 977 -.101 GklGrD 67* +.13 

.... , TxExCAptS.43 -.08 TxFLn9 * 1670 -44 

Income 9x0 +.06 I TxExMDolSOO -.OS TxFVTr 15.95 -.06 

ASMFdn 9.66 - 46 1 TxErVAOISXV -09 U3GOV f. lAIO +.09 

A VEST A: WshMufPirXS +.13 Qnrttridge Fds 

Balanced 17.12 +.17 AmGwtti 9JJ -03 CapGrA 1A70 

EaGTO 1826 +.18 AHentgn 108 —01 GvirtA 12.96 

Ealncam (872 -.19 Amer Naff Funds: GwthA 1477 

Income 1574 -.16 Grown 472 - 06 mcGrA 1573 

Accessor Funds: Income 2178 +.17 MulncA Wo 

IntFiilr n<1176 +47 Tntfc* 1577 -.16 CaoGcSr 1472 

AccMortallTB -08 APiGroni 11.95 — .03, GvlnBI 12.97 

02 CMCPC 2348 +.14 

02 DtcM A 45 

79 TsvRsI 970 +43 

06 DdaMCGnW 
M Trend pe 11X7 —76 

02 value n 19.90 

04 Decap p 2174 +.14 

.06 Dedno* 1670 +05 

.09 DecTRp 1277 +47 

Delaw o 1779 +.75 

.10 MlEa p 12X9 — -02 

.10 DetchAo 6X5 

TcIRtn 1846 +.15 
VofTmn 1S52 +.U 

.16 jExceiMdCB 3.60 -47 i 

Fvd Inc px 10X2 +JM GtaW" 

GovSdPX 97} +J2 GmwtftlW 

Inline px 9X9 +43 WlGrn 

inti p 1044 + 45 CAlnt 

Udine* 976 —4! FuntfTryst 

CocGrA 1470 +.10 MIEdp 12X9 ■ 

GvIrtA 12.96 + .ID DefchAP 6X5 

GwthA 1477 - 09 USGOVtP 7.97 -M 

IncGrA 1573 +49 TretHAp 9J0 +^ 

MulncA W0 -.07 TxUSAp 1LTO -06 

CapGrfll 14X2 +.10 TxlnsAo 1T^ *45 

GvlnBI 1197 +.10 TxIntAD 1072 +03 

GwlrtSI U.II -.08 TxPoAp 84* +46 

IncGrflt 1334 +.10 D al F Boted Tnat 
MutncBi IA72 -47 DntEn 1244 

Accessor Funds: Income 2178 +.17 MulncA '470 *47 

WfXh<I1 J6 -47 Tnffe* 1577 -.16 CaoGrflr 14X2 +.10 

AccMortaUTB -48 API Gr pm 11.95 —.03 GvlnBI 1197 +.10 

ShrinIFx xll.91 -41 AmPertarm: „ GwinSl iau -.08 

Aomin 1398 -.17 Bond x 9J7 +46 InoGrflt 1334 +.10 

AanFd llio *07 Eouiv iixs -.10 MumcBi 1A72 -47 

AdsnCaa 19.9* -.10 InlBd > 10-24 -.04 CaoMy Idx nl0.94 -.16 
AdvCBal p 1006 -.10 InimTxF . 10X1 -.06 Camnefla Rintimare: 
AdvCReta 9.71 -.17 AmUMFd n 20.19 -75 EmaGrn 1081 -77 

AdvestAdvanh AmwyMut 777 -.06 Grwth 1138 -.11 

GovttlP 907 -.09 AraUvtSftT Gw 9.73 -47 CaopieCUff 843 +71 

Gvrthno 1675 +75 Analytic n 1203 -.07 Capstone Group; 
HYBdp 8-75 * 01 AnchCap 1946 + 78 FundSW lAfl —II 

inconp 1275 -.12 AfitnmGr np 10.72 -44 Gvilnc A62 -.01 

MuBCNot 978 - .07 AauOa Funds Medf7s 17.16—01 

sSdrSl 1935 -.02 AZTF 1030 -OS NZtand 10X6-30 

A^SSvisii CO_TF 1074 +.05 NJcrxrt 870—17 

_ MtaSec cot 942 _ 

02 MunBdpx 10.43 +42 

04 Rea EdP 11.90 —JU 

StS*P 1654 +.18 

19 Fast Amer Fds C 

03 AdAllnx 1036 -OP 

10 Bounce nx 10X4 +48 

_ Eqidxn 1039 +.]? 


107! +46 

. „ FOAC1X 9X0 +43 

GkiOCur 01333 +4*1 EdUilFfp lgJ8 +47 GvSCtx 9X9 +45 
_ ImdCtx US -43 

PTVFCt 1143 *47 
SCO 777 -43 

_ __ TXFCK 949 +jW 

Global n 13.06 + .06 > Growth p 1779 +.15 Kidder Grww 
GmwtftBXJOj* +.15. HTYdTE® A*9 +43 ARM GwA IT 43 —41 

IntlGrn 9J0 +451 InsrTEp 5X4 *44 ARMIrBtA11.96— 41 

Cam 1055 +46 imp lax* +44 — 

WxJTnot MpdRp J7J4 +.19 

Assm pi 15,15 - Mess o 571 +43 

Gwthp 117J -43 Mkritp 5X3 +44 

Gralnpl )i70 +43 MNTEp 573 +43 

Incog 976 - Mutlo 12.16 +.11 

MotfTR pfll.16 *41 NYTEp 5.19 +44 

^undcanedal Funds: NewDp 1747 +.15 GOiFxB 1242—43 

CAMunnp0O4 +07 Ohtop 573 +44 

NYMunrXJl.03 _! PlKIWP 7.94 

US Gov p 1X8—411 FYOBresp A72 

*4! +.10 

, AMT fill S3S* +44, ».«»+- 

; Genesis 7.97 +J0»l SmOwBIlO? 

Gucntnn 1077 
UdMorn 9JB .. 

AAonhotn 1051 +41 

must 1057 +45 

NYCDCnlOM r.n . . — , 
Pormrsn 2077 +7< Corao H 
SeGeJdn 2136 +77 I ComTecp & 
Ulhrpsdn 9X8 . “ 

New Alter 29.10 +.13 

EqbK 9J0 
Gvtlncnx 979 

Mvnow-llW— 41 

ARM! nstfl 1146 — 01 
AstAJfB 1377 +.16 
EmMJdA 1174 +72 

1J0 +49 
979 +45 
979 +42 

FxancnxlQ32 +43 USGovn 1X8— 41 Provesp 672 *■& 

GovBdiV 9.11 +42 GAM Funds Sdectp 8.93 +49 

09 Mine nx 9 M +43 Global 133X9 - JO godcp 1977 +.19 

as Inmost fl IBM +JN InO 1910 +1^1 SfrAgat 7376 +48 

B BffiS.!*-*. =?SS5sS ,, * u ‘ gf. IS :S 

5 SSHS-iffl :« ««. 

“ BaS"M:« BK,- iS :S 

FMAlfwrMtitocd: S&SPMn3674 -74 19 Fuads 

09 OvrGro 847 + 46 Tax Ex 11X5 +47 AAunipn 1073 +4* Lnunl Investor: 

Eqlncopx 9X5—45 Trusts n 33X9 +38 NcAmp 974 + 47 AioCP 14X6 +.77 

10 MS£lncpx9J6-44 GE Funds: , Trsfp__ 9.57 -.12 CapAP 2877 +48 

10 f3SSg »J9 +.10 GtobdC 19.17 +70 IndOneGT 943 +40 Hasp 1271 +47 

06 FstEccfnr 1505 + JO tncameCnlU 9 *49 * tedependenoe Gop: mtp 13X4 + 

06 FrstFdSx 10X3 _ IrrtlEoOn 1572 +.111 Opportp 1072 +49 M«dl O 10X6 + 

05 FrsiFrfTa 9JS +40 SfrooC 15^ +.15 gmGvtP 9X7 S*P 1646 -44 

05 FlHwMu 1080 +35 USECDn 1A9S +.15 TRBdp 9J3 +47 TtBdp 1127 +44 

First investors; GE USE 15.93 *.U, TR Grp 1179 +4$ LaurHTRrtb 

14 BtOttoDisxa +.17 USEdA 1572 +.14 invResh __ 4J9 +4* Bcfctcdn 9.90 -49 

MxS^Jon 970 +45 
ST mere* 973 —41 

emivnH iu< +«st| Stock n 9X5 - . __ 

EmWUdB 11.19 +71 I VaCctn 10.49 +48 MossTAp 164J +.11 
GibEqBn 1626 +.17 AtaJhersn 14-59 +.15 StwAp 12X5 +44 
GfcEaCll 16X6 +.17 Trtnxw FOndS TxEXAp 771 +45 

GejEoA 16X1 +.17) Eauity ontl3X0 _ I VatuoAD 7J0 +.12 

GfijFxB 1202 —43 
GtjFxA 1243 — 42 

1194 + 

1)70 + 

CMpieffO Rusil mare: 
&rtaGrn 1881 -J 

Aetna Advisor: 

Aetna i 1053 +.09 
Band tx 9.79 + 46 
Grlncomt'047 -.11 
IntIGrt 1153 —46 
TaxFree x 9J6 + 03 
Aetna Select: 

Aetna n 10J4 -jfi 
AskmGrn 877 -76 
Bond nx 9.79 - OS 

X62 -.01 
17.16 —41 
10X6 —JO 

, HI TF 1171 - 04 US Trend 1275 -.09 

KY TF 10J? -44 Cardinal Fannhr: 
NrgnSJTF IjS - .07 AggGffl ?7» —.01 

ORTF 1078 -.04 BcSanced 9.93 -J19 

TxFUT 9 48 +48 Fwtd 1276 -.19 

Aauinas Fund: GovlObi^j 8.(1 +44 

i Balance n 955 + 46 CarilCa 1291 -.05 

77 Dknensronal Fds: 

.11 InttVatn 10X8-44 
71 US Lrg 1276 +.76 

USSml 132 +43 

71 US 6-10 n 11.14 +42 

41 japan n ZHXi —JO 

41 UKH 2280 -30 

JO Coni it 15X5 +.18 

.17 DFARlEsttSJ4 —43 
.09 Flxdn 101 35 +72 

GBd 9642 —si 7 

41 Govtn 10135 +26 

49 IrttGv 107X1+1.12 
.19 IntlHBM 1157 —44 

.04 LCaolrH IZ72 —46 

.05 PacRkn 16X9 +.13 

US Sort 9.92 
WWFxdlri 9J7 

.jsssmizu* ^ 

09 DrurGr a 8X7 -46 TaxEx 
Eaincoax 9X5 —45 Trusts n 

10 Manglnc px956 — 04 GE Funds: 

10 FstfioslG 979 +.10 Giabaic 
06 FsfEccUtr 1545 +JO In carneC 
06 FrstFdEx 10X3 . IntlEoDn 

05 FrslFdTal 9JS +40 SfroaC 

1937 +.19 
7536 +48 


fnJFlA HJV + 
SmCaoA 937 +.15 

Baton n 13X3 +31 
Equity n 14JO +74 
hdlncx 937 +45 
12.12 +.11 
npxiDJl +JM 
„ nx 9J4 +41 

First investors; 

14 BtOtiPD 15X0 +.17 
10 GlaWP AM +.01 
0? Gavtp 10X8 +49 

16 Grolncp 6X0 +JM 
10 HijhYdp 500 —.01 

10 income p X91 
lnvGrdp 9.60 + 09 

s USA HP 11.13 +.10 
_ AAATF p 1134 +.06 
73 Ml TFp 1244 +.08 
M NJ TFp IZX8 -47 
32 NYTxFrp1439 + 47 
07 PA TFp 1234 +.09 

32 SpecBO 1177-44 
06 SpSttD '740 + 30 
36 TaxExptp 9J7 +45 

33 TotRetp 11X3 +.12 
33 UtillnaiD 571 +49 
70 VATFp 1271 +4S 
32 RrstMut 8X1 +45 

11 First Omaha: 

II Equity n 1QJ3 +47 

15 Fxdlncn 9.71 +.11 
35 SIFxlnn 9.69 +46 
39 FPDvAslP 1250 +.15 

17 FP MuBdP 1149 + .04 

S First Priardm 

EauilvTrnl0L29 +49 
17 FxdlncTr 979 - 08 
13 LtdMGv 9.74 +43 
15 Fust Union: 

12 BafTn 1136 +.11 
15 BalC hi 1176 +.10 

ASkmGrn 877 * 76 Eolncn V.M -.09 CafnegOHTE9J0 - .02 USLQVcd 1036 +JH 

SSSruc 9.79 - OS Fvlncnx 9S7 -45 Cenfura Funfe USSmVal 11X7 +43 

Gcvtx 9X7 - Arch Funds: EqGrwCnx9X5 + 03 Dodge&Oae 

Growth 1035 -.13 Bal 9 79 -.48 FecBInCnlDXl +45 Baton n 4A17 -Jl 

Grwtoco 1048 +.11 EmGrffi 11X0 -43 NCTFn 9.98 +.03 Income n 1174 +.13 

IntlGrn 11 J5 -.06 GovCoro 9.99 -JW CcntumGp 877 _ Stodcn 5431 +X3 

SmCPGr 9.9S +42 Gmlnc 12B2 -.10 CntryStirn 2319 -M DomSao'ci 1213 +.12 

Jqer Funds; MoTF IMS -46 ChCooBC 1106 -45 Dromon Fimds: 

Growth 1 19X2 +70 US Gov 10X1 -.09 ChesGrth 12X1 -49 Contm 1348 -.18 

IncGrr 11X1 -.M Armsmsn 8X2+73 CHestnt 14533-1.76 HOTn 1641 +70 

Mid C pGt 11172 -.14 Alton raGr pi 0JQ +43 OticMilwnl44X1 +X6 5mCpVal nll.10 +.12 

SmCcpf 2035 +38 ABas Funds: _ ChubbGrln 1672 +73 Dreyfus: 

JhnKaCaUe CAInsA 1042 +43 ChubbTR 1439 +.17 A Band n 1442 +.19 

Alienee P 6X5 -.06 CaMuniA 10.91 -47 aiopern *8X3 -X5 Aprocftc 1X80 +73 

Baton p 1375 - GvtSecA 9.97 +.13 Goianial Funds: AssetAll n 1274 -.12 

Batons I 1X10 -45 GrolncA 1159 -.12 CofTEA 748 -.03 Batocd 1377 +45 

Alienee P 6X5 -.061 
Baton p 1375 
BalanB I W0 -45 
BonQAp 12X4 -.15 
Cnstvlnv 10X9 -.12 
CpBdBp 12X4 -.15 
CpBOCP 12X3 -.14 
Caurtfp 17.14 +71 

NaMuniA 10.»2 
BB&T Funds: 
BOTr n> 946 

CofTEA 746 -.03 
ConTEA 733 -45 
FedSec 1034 -.11 
FLTEA 730 -JQ2 

GmlncT iu 11.17 - .10 FundA 843 - 45 
IntGovT m9J5 -47 GlbEqA 12J0 +.11 

JP&5D -4B NCIroTB n*949 - .04 
1148 +41 SIGov T An 974 - .05 
7.91 -.07 BEA Funds: 

7.91 -47 EMKEt 21.97 -.66 
7.91 - .08 1 IntlEa 1976 - 11 
231-421 MuniBd 15.06 -.08 
2054 +.17 ShtDieCB 04.94 
474 - 71 ShtDurlnv nXM +41 

2054 -.17 
■p 2474 -71 
It 20J3 -.17 
ip 230 +42 






20J3 -.17 StaFxInp 15J3 -.04 
230 +42 USCFXln 1471 -.13 
11X0 -46 BFMShDu n 9.76 -.03 
941 +.07 BJBG1AP 11.14 —41 
9X4 -.09 BJBlEoAplUt - 05 
9X4 -JK BNYHondlm 
9.64 +49 EqlnciTX 1045 -.12 
18X9 —10 tntGovf 9.43 - 47 
1840 —.10 MYTEn 9 99 -:05| 

JntlB 18.00 —.10 I 

MrtqAp BXO 

Mrtgap s.di -41 , 
MrtgC P B.4Q _ I 
MtgTrAp 9.65 -41 | 
MfuTBp 9X6 
MtgTrCo 9X6 _ ; 

GrwIhAp liXl +.12 
HiyidA 6J6 
incomeApXTO -45 
IntGfA 1035 +.05 
MATkA 7X2-45 
Ml TEA 645 + 43 
MAI TEA 7.03 -44 
NcJResA 1177 - 03 
NY TEA 6.93 -44 
OhTEA 7.13 -43 
SmStkp 1747 —42 
StrtlnCA 679 —41 
XkExAp 1115 -47 
TxlnSAP 8.02 -44 
USGrA 11.70 +48 
USGvA 6X4 -44 
UtflAo 12.09 +70 

hfiRm 1641 +70 
SmCpVot nl 1.10 - .12 

A Bond n 1442 +.19 
Apracno 1440 - 73 
AssetAll rt 1274 -.12 
Bofncd 1377 + 45 
CafTxn 14X3 * 49 
Caiintn 13.16 +45 
CTIIfn 1344 + 48 


FL Iran 1314 +48 
I GNMA no 14X6 +.16 
GnCA 1371 +48 
GMSdP 14X9 +.09 
i GNYp 1976 -.12 
Gf Inert 1631 +47 
GwttjOpnlOJ! -42 
I InsMun nol7X3 +.14 
I Intermit 1386 +46 
mrnrEpp 537 +.14 
InvGNn 471 +.14 
MAIntn 195 +47 
MATaxn 645 -.11 
Monad n 2X2 +.07 
NJ bit n 318 +49 
1 NJ«Aunn 310 +46 
NwLdr 3351 

6.14 +.01 Gtrhntt tovWOpOd: 

0X8 +49 EgSpc n 19J1 +43 CopGrl 1172 +42 

6X0 +48 TFNoit n 1044 +45 QuotS* 1472 +.15 

5.00—4? TxErVA O10J3 -46 USGvf 9J1 +49 


Amer p 18X6 +48 l 
EttMUct 1674 - 79 
EmMktB 16.15 +38 
Eunwep IDXI *46 
Euros 1073 +47 
GvtncA 8.74 —43 
GvtncB 874 —43 
GrfncAp 6.12 +44 
GrlncS 6.12 +43 
HfTCrB 17.72 +74 
HttncB 1173 -49 
HflncA 11.94 +49 
HltflCrp 17X3 +75 
I [trio 1079 + 42 
IrrtIB 1070 -42 
Japan P 1336 —78 
JaPQnGcfi 1 3J6 —78 
LatAmG 72.14 +X8 
Lot AmGB 2243 +X8 
Pacflp 1375 + 31 
PaerfB 1363 +30 
SiratAp 1077 —41 
SfrotB 10.78 -41 
Tetee 1674 -49 
Tetovo 1AM +.10 
Wldwp 1396—43 
WUtwB 16X2 —.03 I 

tofromn 1042 +44 
S&PSOQn 10.10 +.11 
Stock n 1778 +.17 

‘^^526 +49 

- e 1119 +42 
. __ 1091 +.16 

SmCone 1449 -31 

SpEoe 1AZ3— 173 
SKrde 942 —44 


1 8X6 +48 1 Dvronp 9.98 +45 
674 -J9 Emgrfft art 1739 +47 
6.15*38 Energy h 1058 — 33 
10X1+46 Envtmn 6.U +45 
073 * 47 Europen 1314 -46 sag roe vxz— jo* 
8.74 -43 RrtSvcn 1SXS +.16 LebenNY ?J5 +47 
874 — 43 Gcidn 5X0 +42 LeebPern 1037 +42 
6.12 *44 Growth np 5. 15 +42 LXBflMMOfc 
6.12 +43 HUthScn 3136 +.1] AmerLdP 9.90 +49 

17.72 +74 HTYWnp 674 +41 GbtGavTp 943 —41 

173 -49 ladlrtco rtplTJ6 +JE Gvflnd rp 944 — 42 

1.94 -49 IntGavn 1119 +45 MYldD 14.06 +42 

17X3 +75 IntlGrn 1744 + 44 *" 

079 - 42 Leisure T 1 21X3 +.17 
070 - 42 PocBcsn 1&J1 —44 

Sell non np 670 +44 
ShTrBdD 9X8 +44 
TxF(*enp1SX6 +47 
Tech n 21.96 +JM 
TMRm 1847 +.12 
USGavtnp 7.16 +.10 
um nx 974 —46 
ValEq 1740 +77 

InvGrnp 9X1 —42 
MdTFp 1579 +48 
PATFp 1395 +.11 
splnvnp 2036 -33 
TxFrtnt p 15JE +46 
Tatf?etnp1X28 +70 
VofTrno 1871 +72 
Lebmim Brobter* 
RRfGvA 9.94 -41 
SetGrSBt 973+43 
ShOurGvA 9.95 -41 

1674 -49 InvTrGvtBt M» +46 LjtodOflfaR Grp 
ant 16M +.10 UtetFdnp 14J2 +.15 DrvSecn 13x0 +42 
P 1696 — 43:JPMIns& CLdr 10X3 +.13 

Mlflnt 1.84 - In 

MMSAp 3.05 — 41 | St 
MMSBI 845 —41 Ti 
MCAAD 9.99 -4* • Ti 
MUCABP 9.99 -49 Ul 
MuCACd 9.99 -48 U 
MuFLCP 9.16 -48 1 U 
ICATA 12X2 -.11 U 

BandL n 1J3 -XI 
BondSn 977 -.05 
EnteroZ n 1674 - 44 
Erttrpn 1634 +.03 
Gwtfin 1111 -48 
tmt >676 -.1* 
Shadow n ».« +48i 

UtflAo 1109 +70 NwLdr 33J1 +77 
CATEBt 748 + 43 NYlTxnpll76 +47 
CTTEBI 733 - OS NY Tax n 15L07 +49 
FedScBt 103* -.11 NYTEP 1773 +JM 

MuFLCP 9.16 

MuildiB 12X2 
Ml MB P 9.99 

m:iS ;fl 

ToxFrtn B.65 -45 
UMSBn 10X3 -.07 
UMBHrtn 939 -.04 
UMBStn 1573 -.11 
UMBWwnll.02 - 
vduen 2SX3 -.17 

a® 1 IS :fl 
gSSR IBS ::?? 

HYMuBt 9X3 -.05 
HYSecBI 656 
inconteB 670 -45 
lrrlGrB 1079 + 45 
MATxBI 7X2 +4S 

Peoplndt 1SX* +.18 
PeoAlifntl6X4 -.13 

aa B , as:j! gg&nsft 

HYMuBt 9X3 -.05 ShlnTP 1199 -42 

TP 1199 -42 
STlB 1 46 

ns »s :! 

BoJBP J176 -.11 Gobe* Foods: 
FLMuniC 9X6 +.13 ABCP 10.17 -41 

FxInBp 9X6 -47 ASSetnp 2340 -.16 

» FxlnTn 9.86 + 47 ConvScPnllXP -42 

15 HCdTFBp1038 +J09 EqlnCP 11X7 -.11 

M Hi^FC 1103* -49 GjWCTn|075 +37 

07 U^TBP* 9X4 *49 iSrthnpaM +!l» 

07 USGvtCr 9X4 -49 SmCcpG 1660 -.03 

D7 UfllBvCt 935 -.17 Value P 11.93 +.14 

0* Vduesp 1775 +78 Gatacv Funds: 

03 VohteCfn 1774 -7S AssefAt/n 10X5 -.12 

D4 VatueTn 1775 -78 CTMun 9« -46 

08 Floe Investors: EaGrttt 1336 -.14 

33 EmGfhP 11.13 *71 EotV«d 1179 -.15 

30 Inti rip 1044 -48 EalnartnllSl +.12 

IntTrp 1338 - 43 HiQBd 1046 -.M 

II MMunip 1033 *49 IrtBd 9.90 -47 

is MSfpffi? :iS ,n,ec,n ,2 ^-” 


16 noasbtp Group: 

14 AA-Hc P 10X* 1 47 


S SUS & :« 

1 SSW 11 ® :Sra?cS?W_.,o 

MuOHCp 939 -49 j Diversqn 1 
MuNJBn 932 * 48 InJtEqn 

MuNJBn 932 *48 
MuNJCB 932 -JOB 
MNYA 934 - 46 
MuNYBn 935 - 47 
MUNYCp 934 - 46 

B 9J8 -.08 
P 9.98 -.08 
> 12X6 -45, 
I 12X1 -.0*1 

649 —41 
B.22 -42, 

OHTxBt 7.13 -43 
S+nChcB 16X6 —43 
SfrllnBt 6.79—41 

- „ TxExBI 13.15 -47 

InttFln B.22 —42 TEInsBf 5112 -4* 
Baud Fundi: USGrBt 11X3 +48 

Aumc 9X2 —.02 USGvBt 6X4 +.0* 

BKWpp 1941 +22 ulilBl 1249 -70 

CapOev p 21'3 —4* Cniumbto Funds: 

BT; _ B<sancenl7xa +.19 

InstASttA n 9J8 +46 ComSlfc n 1537 +.16 

nsieqlxnl0J2 -.12 Fixed n 12X5 +.12 

lnvlntTFnl049 -.05 Govl B.17 +42 

lBvEqApp09.ll _ Grthn 25.90 +.18 

InvInlEonllVO -.14 mffSIkn 1374 —.13 

InvLGvtn 9X0 -42 Munin 1147 +46 

ImrUWn 9X5 -.09 ReEEon 11J5 —.05 

InvEqlx n 10.46 -.12 Specln 19.17 +.15 

PiTJcthApllJV -.14 
PrGrffiBpllX? -.14 
" Ap 2179-44 

Bctanoe n 17.64 +.19 
ComSlk n 1537 +.1* 
Fixed n 12X5 +.12 
Govl 0.17 +42 
GrtBn 25.90 +.18 
lnflSIkn 1374 —.13 

_ I BoronAst n 20X9 —42 Common « 

STMJbt 876 .. Barfleft Funds: 

TechP 2571 -31 BascVln 1535 +.13 

WkUncp 1.87—41 Rxedln 944 +47 

AinSoutti Funds: SfifT(TtBdn9J9 +M 

Balance 1141 -,0« VI Inti 12X7 -.11 

Bond 1038 -.10 BoscomBcf 2232 -.18 
Ecwifv 1442 +49 Bay Funds tnsffc 
Gvtln 9X8 +48 STYieid 9.41 v.02 

LtdMot 1033 +45 Bondn 9x9 +46 

RegBf 16X8 -45 Eqoffy 10X0 +.05 

Antamrinc 11(7 -.15 BayFunds Invest: 
Ambassador t=id: STYleidn 9X1 -42 

BcfncF 937 * 45 Bondn 9X9 -46 

Bondn ?X6 -48 Equity ti 10X0 -45 

EstCoGrnl536 +43 BeccHill 27X5 -X0 
Growth n 1276 +.07 BSEmgObt &*6 — 41 I 
idxStkn 1179 +.13 Banchmarii Ponds: 
intSonan 9.47 +46 BaJaoeednvjl -46 
Irmstkn 13.10 -.10 BondA nx 19.00 .1 

SrnOiGrn12X7 —49 DivGrAn 10.1S -.07 
Ambassador Inv: EqldxAn 1174 *,13 

Bondn 7X6 +48 ForGrAn 949 —.01 
EstCPGrnl534 + 42 intiBdA n 2D3B — .13 
Grwth n 1275 +48 UitJGrAn 1059 
incoBdn 10.13 +.11 ShtDurn 1041 +41 
imfiondn 9X7 +46 SiBdAnx 19X4 +44 
WEIkn 1008 +.10 SmCotA 1079 +.04 

arfleff Funds: Govt 1032 +.1B 

BascVln 1535 +.13 Grolnc 15X5 +.16 
Rxedln 94* +47 Growth 1X9* +.11 
ShfTmBdnVX? -44 MunS 1135 -48 
Vllidl 12X7 -.11 Compass Onxtat: 
oscpmeal 7052 -.18 Eatvlnco X12.91 +45 
ay Funds msffc Fxdinx 10. J8 +44 

ST View 9X1 +.02 Growth 10.90 +32 
Bondn 9x9+46 intlEa 1X12 +4* 
Equity 10X0 +.05 IntlRl 1034 —47 
oyFunds Invest: MunBdx 10X1 +41 

STYWdn 9X1 +42 NJMunx 10-93 +42 
Bondn 9X9 -46 Shrtlntx 1022 
Equity n 10X0 -45 Composite Grams 
eccHni 27X5 -X0 BdSJkAp 1135 -.13 
SEmqQbt 8. 46 —41 GwthA P 12X0 +.13 
■ndhmark Panda: utFdAP 8.66 +m 

Bolmoedn9Jl -46 IW50Apl474 +.12 
BondAnx 19.00 _ TxExAp 730 +45 

DivGrAn 1015 +.07 USGvAp 1047 +.12 

Bosonccd n?41 -46 IW50Apl474 

BondAnx 19.00 _ TxExAp 730 

DivGrAn 10.15 -.07 USGvAp 1047 

Eqld+An 1074 * ,13 Conestoga Funds 
ForGrAn 949 —.01 Equity 1437 

IntiBdA n 2078 —.13 man 10.13 

inriGrAn 1039 . udMat lax) 

SmCoGrnl2X5 —.10 
TFBdn 10.13 +.10 
TFlrtlBd nlQ72 -45 
Ambassador Ret A: 
Bond 7 9X4 *48 

EstCoGr 1534 + 42 
Grwth 1275 - 48 
infBond 9X7 + .06 
lntlS tk 1348 -.10 
SrrtCoGr 12X5 -.10 
TnnfBdfia22 -45 
Amcare Vintage: 
Equity 103* +.10 
Fxlrtco 775 * 08 
IntdlTF 9.97 +.07 
Amer AAdvatb 
Bafann 1230 + 49 
Eouttyn 1191 +49 
IntlEqty n 12X4 -.13 
LtdTrmn 97H -43 

CmsiAP 1576 +.14 
CmstBp 15.75 -.13 
CpBdBPX 6X6 +45 

ForGrAn 9X9 —.01 Equity 1437 -.10 
IntiBdA n 20JB —.13 man 10.13 +.11 
InriGrAn 1039 _ LtdMot 1041 -45 

ShtDurn 1041 +41 Conn Mutual: 
SIBdArtX 19X4 +44 Govt X 1018+47 
SmCotA 1079 +.04 Grwth 14X3 +.15 
USGvA (1X19X5 - 02 Income X 9X4 
USTldxA ltSX8 +48 TolRel 1X02 +.15 
BahamGfOW CG Cot MW Fds 

AdiGovn 934 - 41 EmgMkln 832 +.19 

USGvA nxl9X5 -.02 
USTldxA ttVX8 +48 
Beaham Group; 
AdiGovn 934 - 41 
CnTFln 1087 +4S| 
CaTFlnn 9.71 +JIJ , 
CaTFSn 10.13 *42 
ColTFHn 9.10 -.06 1 
CdmFLn 10.91 +47 1 
EoGron 11X7 -.12 
EurBdn 1071 -.03 
GNUAn 1034 -.Hi 
GoWlnn 11X5—03 
incCran 14X0 -.13 

IfitrFxdX 7.94 +43 

Wlffl rill ^ 


FLMunA 14X1 
GfclnvA n 15X4 
GJbmvBr 15X8 
GrtmaA 1441 
GnmaBt 1443 
MlMunA S 

NCMwt I M 
NYMunA 474 
NYMuBt 475 
OHMuA 1278 
OHMuBt TZ79 
PA MunA 16.15 
PAMuBt 16.15 
TXMuA 2072 
VAMlUA 18.14 
VAMu Bt 16.14 

Grown ip 4077 
toame p 13X1 
InvA 19X8 
InvBt 19X6 
Dupree Mutaat 
IntGavn 9X3 
KYTFn 732 
KYSMfn 570 
EBI Funds: 

S?" Sit 

Income pxMX6 
MiXtfbcp 39X2 

Eaton VOosbSc: 
Chinap 841 +.19 
R-Ltdp 937 +43 
Gavtp 935 +4* 

Bondn 931 +47 
DtversiWniaiB +^ 

SmdlCon 9X3 +.03 
SefEqtvn 10X0 +49 


income* 972 + 

f5S!‘ :ss : 

GNMA nx 7X8 +45 
Global n 1X19 +43 
Goktidn 637 + 49 
Grit Inc n 1647 +.18 
intf n 1038 -4) 
Si Govtn 977 +43 
SISB 191 +41 
5Nnv 2X6 -.12 
TEBdnx 1073 + 43 
WldEm 1166 +X0 


'l “tIp ,S£ : 

17 GATEAPI078 • 
X GldUbP 1748 + 
8 WTEp 1014 + 
a KYTCAp 1070 - 
S3 KSTEp 9X6 ♦ 
17 L ATEA P OSS - 
a LtdTEo 0X0 - 
72 MITE A P 136 - 
7? -35 MOTEAP 0 32 + 
J4 -.11 MITECP 134 ♦ 
mini 279 + 46 NCTEAP 049 + 
n 71X8 +.12 NMTEp 973 + 
rlSXO +70 NYTEp 10X3 + 
1747 +X0 OHTEA p 117* + 
32X6 +7* QHTECp 1173 + 
19.00 +.12 PATEAp 1049 + 
.95 + 70 TnTEAp 10X1 + 
1X9 + 70 lA'Up 9X6 + 
19 J? -76 VATEA P 1036 + 
1199X4 +1X3 Flex Funds: 
n 1972 +.16 Bondnp 1977 ♦ 
1037 +.11 Gtolnpn 930 
in 1036 +.13 Growth (1013.10 ♦ 
1 1036 + 44 Mulrfdpnf 536 + 

aln 11X9 +44 Fontaine n 1030 — 
sen 9X3 +.12 Forftt Funds: 

3hPl3.ll *70 LorpeConMjy +.17 
SYP 937 -.12 MAMutt 936 + 47 | 

P 1138 +.15 MuniBd 9.92 +44 1 

p Group: NY Mu n 1039 - 45 

id p 10X5 +48 ST Bd n 9.87 + .04 
■Cpiox* +47 SmoUConl7Jl +.11 
AP 10X6 +47 SmCdEqnll.13 — 49 
Ap 1071 +47 TE Bond (110X4 +.06 
Ep 9.67 +48 USTraas rtl07I +49 
EP 1038 + J77 Utility )OI4 -.15 
Ap 1078 +47 Gateway Foods: 
ip 1748 +.13 IndxPIn 15X5 -48 

p iai4 +.0* SW77WG 111* +.17 

AP 1070 -48 GnSecn 1233 - 49 
:P 946 +49 Gifltvl Group: 

LATEX p 055 -48 Erisonp 2434 —30 
LtdTEp 0X0 -43 GriUtFdn 1115 —.12 
MITE A p 136 - 47 0 l e a n u de Fqpdse 
MOTEAp 032 +.07 Equity n 1^9* *49 < 
MITECP 13* -46 IntGavn 1009 -49 
NCTEAP 049 ♦ JJ6 Inin 1A02 — J31 

Balanced n I2.ia * 

Fttdncn 9.17 + » 
Fundn 19.18 ♦ 




& n 

Mmcocfc 17 * 

CATE 1139 +4/ 
Discv8t A3* — 4< 
Growth P 1122 +48 

imams 12/1 +.11 

sra p ,ts +48 

s??* 1175 :® 

... ... Munlnt n 10.11 +j„ 

NYTEp 10X3 +47 SmCnon 12X9 +42 StrtncAp 74* +41 
OTTEApilT* +47 OtreetotA 9.72 +46 SilncB 74* +41 
0HTECP1173 + 46 Goktox*OtS4X +.09 ToxExp 1030 + 46 
PATEAP 1049 * 45 Goldman Sachs Fmlv: J Hancock Fteednc 
TnTEAp 10X1 +47 AsiaGrth 1477 -35 AvTectl 1033 —49 
UWA p 946 * 47 CopGr 15X4 -.10 EnvrhAp BJO +45 

VATEA P 1036 .47 Gtolnc* 1X77 —47 GflnBt 876 -43 

lex Rente Grinc 1607 -46 GiaQAp 1375 +43 

Bondnp 1977 -4* InttEq 16X8 +.10 GtobBt 13.D6 +43 

Gtolnpn 930 . Muni Inc 1172 +48 GOnA 877 -43 

Growth nplllQ +43 SeiEo 15x5 +32 GtobRx 15.12—42 

Mutrfd pnf 536 +41 SmaCdO 18.95 —41 GTTeOt 1630 +30 

dntainen 1070—41 Goldman Sachs Insh GoWA 1474 +.12 
orftl Funds AtSGv 941 - GcttBt 1472 +.12 

AstAIlp 1348 +.17 GovAe 9X1—41 PacSas 15.14 —43 
CODAPP 20X0. +43 ShrtTF 9.93 +43 RgBkA 22X3 +.18 

Ccefflp 17.11 +75 ST Gov 9.71 —.01 RuSkSl 2235 +.11 

Fiducrp 2845 -31 GovStBnd 2058 + 45 J Hancock Satrorvn: 
GtoGrttlP 1375 +.13 GvtEqtVn 22X7 +71 Ach A 11X0 +.12 


5 771 +48 

iB 7X8 +49 
IP 7.04 +41 
l 74* +41 
D 1030 + 46 


HiYW 1243 + 48 
InsMunn 1133 +47 
UtlBdn 1048 +44 
mterGvtn 9X3 +45 
IrdtGrln 17X0 +41 
InvGBn 7.14 +46 
16X1 -J9 
1438 +71 
9X2 +46 

AstAIlp 13X8 +.17 
COPAPP 20X0 +43 
Qjpttlp 17.11 +75 

AvTectl 1033 -49 
EnvrhAp BJO +45 
GflnBt 876 —.03 
GtabAp 1375 +43 
GJobBt 13.06 +.03 
GOnA 877 — 03 
GtabRx 15.12 —42 
GTTectl 16J0 +30 
GohJA 1474 +.12 
Go4d8t 1472 +.12 
PocBas 15.14 —43 
FfgBkA 21X3 +.18 

GovTRp B.08 -48 Gavrnt Funds AchB t 

Grwth D 34.18 +.11 ( DvlpBd 847 + 42 BoAp 

InHEan 10 SB —49 N(*/LMp 9X0+4* 
(nflFv n* 871 —47 NatlMunp976 - 46 
LgGrwn 931 +.lo Eaton V Mur a M wm. 

MNTFn 1072 + 48 

*16640 +3* ^ ^ ^ ... 

(tr 34.07 -J9 GlSIrttx 8X3 +4* OH TFp 1169 +49 

n 1177 + 47 Munlnct 10X0 +.07 OppValp 17X4 — 43 

in 9.93 — 41 NYMunit 1017 -.00 GHMNTE 9JS +43 
MhteSecnlOJ9 +.U OWortp 114* +45 GWtolTE 10.17 +.07 

Murrain 845 + 46 Utttrx 127S +.10 Groenspnto M47 -v05 

NYHYn 11M +49 44 Wall Eq 401 -44 GriffinGrtn 17.13 +71 
NYlrtsn 1133 +48 Feram Funds: Guarded Funds 

NewMktn 9X8 +47 IrtvBnd 1072 +.10 AstAflOc 1075 +49 

NewfMB (139 +.T0 MEBnd T0X4 -47 GSGMf 1137 

OTC 22X2 +74 TaxSvr 1039 +45 Bondn 1134 +49 

OhTFfl 1171 +45 Founders GrouD: PorkAv 2738 +.12 

n 28.90 +.11 Sal up 8JZ +42 Stock n 2775 -.13 

i n 18.97 —.12 BlueChp m>6X4 +43 ToxEk 130 +47 

Purflan 15.93 +48 Disevp 1845 —48 US Govt 9.74 -47 

ReeriEtfnl3X4 -Jit Rntrnp 2iI8 *76 HTInsSip 12X3 +.14 
+ .10 GovSec 971 +.11 HTMsFlp 9.92 +47 
+42 Grwth (to 1131 +.12 HontfnCoto 9.07 
STWldn 930 —41 Possprtn 9. 92 -48 Hanover tov Fds 
SmaflCOP 970 +47 Soedpn 7.15 -.10 BKJtGrl 1042 + 45 

SE Asionrl379 +79 WktwGrp1735 +73 STGvl 9X3 *43 

StkSlcn 1875 + 45 Fountain square Fte SmCoGrl 937 +.11 

StrOppt 2037 -32 Baonced 9.70 -.15 USGvl 939 + 49 

Trend n 5S.77 +70 GovtSecx 9.66 *42 Harbor FUate 
USBlti 1037 +.10 MidCap 10.10 +.1* Bond 10X4 +.11 

uttllncn 1433 +.15 QudBdx 935 + 45 CccAopn 1576 +31 

vrtuen «JD8 +49 OixdGr 970 +.17 Growth n 111* 

7.14 +46 HiYldP 8.19 —41 
—79 TF MN 1079 +46 
+ 71 TFNtf 10X4 +48 
9X2 +46 USGvt 9.03 +48 
7X2 +49 Famssnvst 
1X2 +46 AdJRtfx 936—42 
072 + 48 Bandr* 977 +41 

EmoMk 1633 -X0 

TTNof 10X4 +48 InttEq 1196 -45 BondB 14X1 +.12 

USGvt 9.03 +48 PlcStg 9.27 . InvAp 14X9 +71 

trtresstnvst SmCas 1536 +48 invBp )4X6 -70 

AdJRtlx 936 —42 Grotfson McDoncWt USGvAp 9X6 +.11 
Bond rx 977 + 41 EstVolpn2l71 -72 USGvBt 9X5 +.11 
EolncFS 1X117? +.06 Covlncp ISM +.11 MVBol 1275 +43 

GISImx 8X3 +4* OH TFp 12X9 +.09 K5Mun 1240-0)4 

Munlnct 10X0 +.07 OppValp 17X4 —43 KSIMunU 1172 

la)6 +.11 
iai6 +.11 
14X1 +.12 

a.91 -47 Laval n 9.14 +jk 

1X7 -.12 MtgBkd nx772 +44 
071 -.03 Munin 846 - 46 

0 26 -.11 SmGrwn I1J0 -41 
1X5—03 SrrtVnlh 8X7—41 

14X0 -.13 TlWtnn* 7J2 -46 

9.13 -.15 Ooptevn 19.77 *73 

loot +44 
1225 +78 

-46 trvSat 1078 +70 
+ 41 FLLMf iai4 +4* 
—41 MALWt 1043 +45 

NITFIn 10X3 -.06 CoreFundl: 

NTTFLn 1133 - 49 BaoiAn 1044 -45 
STTreasn 979 - 43 Gqltfa 71.14 +72 

Baton n 1230 + 49 STTreasn 979 + 43 Gqltt* 21.14 +72 

Eauttyn 1191 +49 Twl995 n9A76 +34 GIBdAn 9.14 

IntlEqty n 12X4 +.13 TarTOOO n 68.13 -.77 GrEqAn 936 +45 

LtdTrmn 970 - 43 Tar2005 n 47.12 -.90 IraBdAn 9X9 +4* 

mer Ccprtub TortDIOn 33X1 *146 InriGrAn 13X2 -.13 

CmsiAP 1576 -.14 Tar201Sn25.lI-l.06 Vc6EqBphU03 +.11 

Cmsta p 15.75 +.13 Tor20Mnl7JO -46 CowenOwA 1271 —43 
CpBdBPX 6X6-45 TNMen 1006 -.05 CowenIGrA 11.06 -.14 
CnrpBdAPx6X5 *45 UIHIncsn 936 +.15 Cntobe HusOO: 
EmGrCP 227* — J12 Ber ger Group: AglAriD 12.93 +44 

EGAp 22.94 — 42 1 lOOon 1444 -.17 " 

Ml Ltd t 971 +4* 
NaffLtdf 1070 + 43 
NJUdt 1040 + 43 
NYLfdt 10.12 +4* 
PALM t 10.10 +JJ5 
ALTxFt 1Q76 +49 
AZTxF I 1039 +47 
ARTxFt 10.15 +47 
CdtMwrit 9X9 +JB 
CCTTxFI 1041 +46 
CTTxFt 1045 - 46 
Eqlnl 1034 +.03 
FtaTxFt 1057 +47 

Purflan 15.93 -4B 
(TOaEstn 13X4 —Ml 
ReiCrn 1742 +.10 
SMTBdtl B.97 +42 
STWldn 930—41 
SmaflCOP 930 +47 
SEAstonrl339 + 79 

ErrtGrBP 22X7 —42 

EntAp 1177 +.08 
EntBp 11X7 -47 
E nlCp 1172 _ 

EqtylncA p5 J6 -.05 
EqlncBt 5.36 -45 
EqlncCp 536 *45 
ExthFd 11177 -.03 
FdMaAP 1H2 -4* 
p 1113 +.04 

42 101 pn 1131 *31 

.08 SmCoGr 2X0 -41 
47 Bernstein FdE 
_ GvSWXfh 12X5 -4* 
.05 SMOurn 12X4 +.05 
45 intOurn 1246 -.12 
45 CaMun 1334 -.05 
.03 DivMljnn 13.15 -JJ* 

Equity D 1672 -.13 

ORMUHN1179 -.05 

Special n 1113 +42 
Bordn 9X9 +40 
SI Ban 9.71 +45 
ScEqn 10X7 -.09 
Value nx 1145 +JM 
VAMun 945 +49 

. . __ ... vrtuen 4348 + 49 OutriGr 970 +.17 

GATxFt 943 +40 Wrtdw . 1340 +.12 Fttmidin Group: 

GovtQWt 93* +44 iFidefiy Seiectsc AGEFOp 167 -41 

... - Airr 1473 +4* AtfUSp 9.41 +48 

AmGoidr 20.77 —49 ars 977 —XI 

Airtor 2299 + 49 ALTFp 1139 -46 

BtoJeoir 2107 -46 AZTFo 11.19 +.05 

Brdcstr 20X1 +.18 BaUnvp 22X7 +45 

HD net 7.15 —41 
KYTxFt 948 +47 
LATxFt 1047 + 47 
MDTxFI 1W» -48 
MATxFI 1034 +46 
MlTxFt 1021 +47 

MITXFI 1031 +471 Broker r 1633 
AMTTxFI IBM -4* Otemr 2330 

AcRJSn 9.41 +42 5WOurnx 090 —.03 
ARS 927 — J31 Value n 1349 + 46 
ALTFp 1139 - 46 HcvenFdnllOJO *47 
AZTFo 71.1 9 +.05 HeartleadFds: 
BaUnvp 22X7 + 45 USGvtP 935 + 47 

IHMN TE 94S +43 Kaufman nr 323 —M2 
iHNalTE 10.17 +47 Kemper Funds A: 
!rtWMqt»lf07 —35 ACSGavA 835 +42 
bWinGrtn I1.T3 -31 BIubOipAIT.W +49 
luanEan Rxtds coSTTxA 735 +4* 

AS t ABo c 1035 +49 DivfrraA 545 + 43 
GSGInff 1137 . EnvSvc 1139 +.10 

Bondn 113* +49 R-TxA 1014 +45 
PorkAv 2738 +.12 GtrtncA 8.68 —41 
Stock n 2735 -.13 GrtttA 1237 + 47 
TgxEx 9Ji *47 HiYieid 740 
US Govt 9.74 +47 mCQoA 8.19 +49 
TlnsEqp 12X3 +.14 IrtflA 1074—4* 
TMaFl p 9.92 +47 MudiA 934 + 46 
tonifnCoto 947 _ NYTxA 1074 +44 

laaover lav Fdx OHTFA 9X1 +46 

BKJtGrl 1002 + 45 Retire! 1048 +49 
STGvl 9X3 +43 Ret*e2 1236 +.12 
SmCPGrt 937 +.11 Retires 1048 +49 
USGvl 939 + 49 Refiro* 94* +.10 
lor bar FUate Retina 834 +.10 

Bond 10X4 +.11 STGtob 633 —41 
CopAopn 1574 *31 SmCoEqA 5X4 
Growth n 12.14 _ TechA 9X7 +31 

I nil n 24.94 +34 TXTFA 1018 +46 
IntlGrn 1093 +32 TotftelA 839 +43 
5WOurnx 830 —.02 USGcvtA 8X4 +40 
Value n 1349 + 46 USMtgA 6.96 +46 
lavenFdnflOJO *47 - - - 

... _ _ .. _ MSTxFI 937 - 47 

FdMaAP I2J2 *44 NYMunn 1119 -45 CuFdAdjn 9.93 - MOTxFt 1020 +46 

p 12.13 +.0* imvaln 1742 —.11 CuFdSTn 9X3 +M NJTxFt IOXI +34 

. p 1142 +.0* BerwynFdn 17.93 - .03 Cutler Trust NYTxFl 1074 +46 

GtEqBpn 11X2 -.0* Bertnvnlncnll31 -4* ApvEqn 1043 +.10 NatIMunt 931 +46 

Compr 25.14 
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CT TF 1079 -46 
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Ng w Intern ational Bond Issues 

Compiled by James Connell 

Am0Urt u* pri« ^ 

(rnffliom) "*■ ^ Price ontf 


floating Bate MnW 

Sgoco NozionQlg jo) 






Owr 3-tnorth Libor. ReoR«'ed at 99.72. MoocaRotfc. Fm 
038%. jS**5 Bari Cap.) 


de 1 Union Europ6en 






Owr S^nouMJbor, Nonca8obl*. fa«03S%. Ptmnurmw 
WflUL {5omo in'.) 

* Long-T erm Cradif 





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Ower A-montti Libor. CoBoUe from 1997. when imresi b»- 
cofeM a fined 10%. Pee* 21k. DenominoMM $100^300. (LTCB 

KFW int’l finance 

v 30,000 





fixed interest until February 1997, 6-mortfh Ubor plua 060% 
thereafter. Fee* 1 ML. (Darwa Europe^ 

MemD Lynch & Co. 

y 10.000 



100 ‘ 


Interest pad at 240% annual rale m November 1994, March 
1925. September }?95, and November 199& Thereafter, 
rstfes w# be CL25% arm b^nareh Ubor. Foes 0.275%. 
(Merni Lynch Im IJ 


• NV Bonk Voor 
. Gemeenten 





8eof*ered & 99?*. Nancadable. Fees IH% (Swns Bar* Carp, 
Deutsche Bank, Goldmon Sachs.} 

. European Investment 






Keoffaed a) 98J18. NonooRable. Fees 1%% (Bcrdoyt de 
Zeate W«ki) 

■ European Community 

ecu 220 





Baofftnd at 99 JT. NonsBc We. Foes t«% (Svms Badt 


Canacfian Globd 
. fuocfing Carp. 






Reoftered at 99 JO. NancoSablo. Fees 1%% (Harrfcro» Bank.) 

Ontario Hydro 






Reoffered al 99-596. NoncaBable- Fees 1W% [Nomuro Inti, 

ABN AMRO Australia 



9 y, 

101 J65 


Noacodable. Fees 75L (ABN AMROJ 

' Queensland Treasury 






NorcaAeUe. Fees 1H% [tWa Irt'l) 

Rabobank Australia 






NwKdbbke. Fees lVft. (Swes Bonk Corp.) 

- Bayerische 
' lande5bank 

Y 30,000 





Noncaltdite. Fees 0.1875% Denanonatxm 10 mfion yen. 
Poruro Europe./ 

- European Investment 

Y 50,000 





Nomiudabte. Fees 0.1875% DenomMaOens 10 iriBan yen. 
(Mitsubishi finance Ml) 

- New South Wales 
' Treasury Corp. 

y 10,000 



100. 20 


Neneaflabte. Fees 0.15% Denonxnchons 100 mlkon yen. 
{Nomura fntlj 

' South Australian 
- Government 
• financing Authority 

Y 18,000 




NoncoBcMe. Fees 0.15%. (Nomuro Inti] 


Kawasaki Heavy ■ 

. Industries 

Y 20,000 





Coupon incScesed c# 0J% to 0625%. Convertible into asmpo. 
nys shares at a prenwm. Fees 255%. Terms to be set next 
week. (Nomura Inti) 

' Par co 

Y 10,000 





NoncoBabie. Convertible info company's sham at 1,274 yen 
per share, a 2 W6 premium. Fees 2 W% (Dor~o Singapore Ltd.) 

China Budges on Copyrights 

A genet Fraiux-Presse 

• BELTING — A senior Chinese official has 
admitted that weak law enforcement has led to 
copyright infringements in China, and has an- 
nounced plans for a nationwide inspection to 
curb the problem, the official China Daily re- 

State Councillor Song Jian’s acknowledgment 
differed significantly from Bering's traditionally 
tough stance in the conflict with the United 
States over China's alleged failnie to protect 
intellectual property rights. 

China has long insisted it was rigorously im- 
plementing laws aimed at protecting such rights. 
Zhang Yueiflo, an official in the Foreign Trade 
Ministry, said last Wednesday that "as long as 
you have.evidence, and as long as you follow the 
legal procedures, we are going to take action.** 

Mr. Song told a conference here that inspec- 
tors would be dispatched nationwide to seek out 
fake patents and trade marks, concentrating 
their investigations on the audio, video and com- 
puter software sectors. 

The China Daily quoted Mr. Sang as saying 

that piracy had "undermined the authority of 
law and tarnished the country's international 
image.” He said that proper protection of intel- 
lectual property rights was a condition for Chi- 
na’s planned re-entry into the General Agree- 
ment on Tariffs and Trade, the paper said. 

The remarks came as the diplomatic group 
working on China's re-entry into the world trade 
body was gathering in Geneva for a crucial 
round of talks. Beijing's alleged failure to protect 
intellectual property rights led Washington last 
month to designate China as a priority foreign 
country under the U-S. Trade Act’s Super 30 1 

That provision calls for a six-month investiga- 
tion, with a possible 90-day extension, after 
which sanctions could be imposed. 

Mr. Song said the Slate Council was now 
drafting new plans to help protect copyrights 
and urging local judges to punish violators in 
accordance with laws passed by the National 
People’s Congress in early July. The laws made 
so me copyright infringements criminal, rather 
than just civil offenses. 


Vc AQmca rm o J Vesse 


Amsterdam shares continued 
their three-week-old surge; with 
the AEX index rising over five 
points last week, to 408.21 from 
the week before 

Volume was strong, particu- 
larly on Friday when it rose to 
more than 1 billion guilders 
{$561 million) as the index 
gained 2.99 points on the day 

Shares in publishers VNU 
and Elsevier dipped against the 
trend, with VNU closing the 
week down at 181.90 guilders 
and Elsevier down 160.50. 

Among the gainers, oil group 
Royal Dutch/Shell rose to 
'199.40 guilders because of a ris- 
ing, U.S. dollar. 


Frankfurt stock market 
prices slipped slightly in quiet 
trading despite bullish business 

The DAX 30-share index fell 
0.1 7 percent to 2,146.64 points. 

Volume fell to 33.2 billion 
Deutsche marks ($20.8 billion) 
from 34.7 billion DM the week 

Automaker BMW an- 
nounced a 13.7 percent rise in 
haif-vear profits, but its shares 
fell five marks to 867. 

Deutsche Bank dropped to 
73i.50 DM despite a slight rise 

in six months profits. Com- 

ruerzbank fell to 337.50 DM. charges. 

The Financial Times-Stock dosed 121 points higher at 
Exchange 100-share index 558.70 points, 
dosed Friday at 3,082.6 points. Dealers said volume was gen- 
down 32.1 points, or 1 percent entity sluggish but there was 
from the previous Friday. good interest in banking, teeb- 

A study from British employ- nology and property shares. 
ers wanting of rising prices de- Malaysian slocks also found 
pressed the market, as did the good support and do minat ed 
poorly supported £2 billion ($3 the nuqor volume movements. 
bOHcn) government loan issue. Total volume for the week 
British Telecom fell to 368 was 508.23 million shares, 
pence after the government in- worth 1-55 billion Singapore 
dicated it would its dollars ($1.03 miflioD) against 

block against the group gang the previous week's volume of 
into cable television. Shares in 402.67 million units, 
tobacco and industrials group rp » 

BAT rose to 442 pence on high- J-UKyU 

ex ea r ni ng s^ The dollar's bounce to 100 

yen for the first time in a month 


ong Kong stock 
highest levels in 
st week, with the 
ndex closing at 
nts, up 329.82 
percent, on the 

raged 3.99 bDlion 
all are ($516 mil- 
t 3.40 billion the 

mere in Europe 

[States were bop- 
retums in Hong 
a otherwise lan- 
d stock maiket 

the Bank of Eng- 
ut to raise interest 
ised the London 
last week. 

Milan late last week helped Tokyo 

, _ _ , , . stocks rebound to around the 

Man Mock «chmgc stores dosing levdaf- 

teU last week, to* toMibtd ^ Men £ a two- 

rndea dovm on to woek but A profiuddng on 

bouncmg back Friday by 1.48 ^ ^ ^ r 
percent to 11.297 prints after T^^stock Average of 
political worries eased. 225 dc ^ 

he would pm his Fmmvest me- forcign ^vestors took profits 
debased empire into a blind ^ ih© strong yen, traders said. 

tn S: j= . The market then bounced back 

i ^ as Japanese fund managers 
of interests between Mr. Berlus- mofleV into the unBer- 

com s reties as head of govern- they added. The 

ment and media tycoon bad un- dollar supported such ex- 

settled the market .earlier in the j££*sues ^ decals aad au- 
week, as had the detention un- 

der house arrest of Mr. Berlus- uiljKhi was do wn 35 yen to 
corn’s brother Paulo on bnbery %5 yen ^ dowD ^ yea 
charges- to 1,140 yen. Honda Motor lost 

„ 30 yen to 1 ,730 yen, Nissan Mo- 

Ports tor dropped 37 yen to 770 yen 

Shares on the Paris Bourse ^d T^rou Motor sank 50 yen 
last week were supported by to2,120yen. 
solid company performances, /imrn 

with the CAC-40 index ending 

up 1.64 percent, at 2,074.99 Zunch shares feD on nervous- 

pj^ts. ness before the release of half- 

little support came from the year results by major banks this 
0 10 Doint reduction in the week. The Swiss Performance 
Srnfe ofFraoce fender rate. Index fell 1029 points, or 0.5 
Shares in entertainments percent, to 1,709.83 points, 
group Euro Disney fell after its Doubts over ihe strength of 
Utesi rights issue. Eurotunnel thedollar depressed the maricet, 
rose to 26.95 French francs on which generally rehes^ heavily 
buying from U.S. investms. 


Singapore stocks rose over 
the wreck as selective bargain 
hunting dominated trading. 

on US investment. Fears of 
rising U.S. and UJK. interest 
rates also dampened sentiment. 

Banking sector shares were 
weak on expectations that re- 
sults would be weaker than last 
year. CS Holding, which an- 

il uni in 2 . v- -gr — - — 

Thr> Straits Tunes Industrials nounoed its results after the ex- 
index Sd 120 points, to change had closed, fell 2 Swiss 
7 206 42Twfaife the broader- francs to 571. Other major 

b£ed All-Singapore SES index banks were also weaker. 

Bond Rally Pegged to Easing of Rate Rise Concerns 

Bloomberg Bustnas .V«J 

NEW YORK — US. bonds rose last 
week and yields dropped to their lowest 
level since June 23 after a report of 
iower-than-expected growth eased con- 
cern that the Federal Reserve would 
raise interest rates to subdue inflation. 

On Friday, the yield on the bench- 
mark 30-year bond was 7.39 percent 
down 17 basis points from ihe previous 
Friday. The two-year note yield was 5.98 
percent, down 10 basis points. 

U.S. bonds are poised “to go up a 
lot," said Scott Giannis, chief economist 
at Western Asset Management, a Pasa- 
dena, California, firm with 512 billion 
invested in bonds. “Bond yields could 
be badt to 1 percent” by September, he 

The Commerce Department said the 
economy grew at an annualized rate of 
3.7 percent in the second quarter, below 
a widely anticipated rate of 3.9 percent. 

The U.S. government also lowered its 
growth figures for previous quarters, to a 
33 percent rate in the fust quarter, down 
from 3.4 percent, and to 6.8 percent from 
7 percent in the fourth quarter of 1993. 

Bonds responded by chalking up their 
best one-day performance in more than 
a month. Bill'and note yields fell even 
more than bond yields because they are 
more sensitive to Fed raw changes. The 
two-year note yield was 5.97 percent, 
down 22 basis points. 

“What the market’s telling you is that 
Fed probably won’t raise rates in Au- 
gust.” said Garrit Kobo. who manages 

$2 billion of assets for Dreyfus Corp. “I 
believe that’s the reason Tor the rally. 

Yields have been climbing since the 
Fed raised rates for the first of four 
times in February. The increase sounded 
a warning that the economy cannot keep 
up its brisk expansion without sparking 
inflation, which eats away at fixed-in- 
come investments such as bonds. 

The second quarter’s economic ex- 
pansion was largely a function of rising 
inventories, the Commerce Department 
said But the increase “doesn't mean ihe 
economy is exploding." because an in- 
ventory buildup could be a brake on the 
economy during the next three months, 
said James Hale, senior fixed-income 
strategist at MMS International in San 

To be sure, not all investors were con* 
vinced that the Friday report on econom- 
ic growth was enough to reassure the Fa< 
tha t another interest rate increase was noj 
n ec e ssar y 10 slow the economy. 

"The Fed is still heralding the fact" 
that it is inclined to boost rates, said 
Dennis Ott, who heads .fixed-income in. 
vestments at Fortis Advisors, a Minne- 
apolis firm with about SI. 6 billion j n 
fixed assets- 

In fact, evidence of slower growth 
means the next rate increase may be 25 
basis points, instead of the 50 basis 
points analysts expected before the re- 
port, Mr. Oil said. “Maybe they'll con- 
tinue to fine-tune it a little bit” by nudg- 
ing rates upward, he said. 

Plan Filed on Macy Merger 

By Stephanie Strom 

Hew York Tima Struct 

NEW YORK — Federated 
Department Stores Inc. and 
R. H. Macy & Co. have filed a 
formal reorganization plan that 
will get Macy out of bankruptcy 
protection by merging the two 
longtime rival retail companies. 

In papers filed Friday in the 
U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the 
Southern District of New York, 
the companies indicated that 
they had advanced their target 
date for getting Macy out of 
bankruptcy protection to De- 
cember from January. 

The reorganization plan out- 
lines the way Ma cf& value will 
be allocated to the company's 
creditor groups. 

The companies asked Judge 
Burton R. Ufland, who is pre- 
siding over Many’s bankruptcy 
case, 10 extend until Aug. 31 the 
deadline for filing a “disclosure 
statement," a document that 
sometimes accompanies the re- 
organization plan that provides 
details about finan cial projec- 
tions, historical information 
and future operational plans. 

The disclosure statement will 
offer a glimpse of the way the 
companies will be combined, 
although it may not specifically 

name the stores that will close 
or the number of employees 
who will lose their jobs. 

The reorganization plan is of 
interest primarily to Mscv’s 
creditors because it lays out 
how Federated will pay to settle 
claims against Mac)'. 

Federated will pay S392.J 
million of cash. SI. 944 billion 
of new debt, stock in the new 
combined company valued at 
about S 1.661 billion and war- 
rants to buy additional stock 
with an assumed value of about 
SI25 million. 

All Macy’s senior creditors 
are walking away from the 
bankruptcy with more than 100 
cents on every dollar they were 
owed, and the junior creditors, 
whose claims are not secured by 
collateral, received more than 
many thought they would. 

When the companies file the 
disclosure statement. Judge Li- 
Hand will hold a hearing, in late 
September or early October, the 
companies said. After he ap- 
proves a plan, creditors will be 
asked to vote on it by mid- 
November. Federated’s’ share- 
holders will have to approve the 
merger plan during that time. 

The boards of the two com- 
panies will meet within the next 

two weeks to vote on a formal 
merger agreement, lawyers for 
Federated said. 

David Heiman. the lawyer 
representing Federated in its 
bid to merge with Macy, said 
Friday it was unlikely any hur- 
dles to the merger would arise. 

“The amount of creditor sup- 
port across the board here for a 
first filing is very high.” he said. 

Federated, which operates 
Bfoomingdale’s and eight other 
department store chains, must 
still satisfy federal and state 
regulators about antitrust issues 
raised by the merger, which is 
marrying two rivals that com- 
pete head-to-head in such mar- 
kets as New York and Atlanta. 

Some senior creditors have 
already started squabbling 
about the way allocations of 
value were made. The Asahi 
Back Ltd., a Japanese bank, has 
threatened to file a motion in 
court next week against Citi- 
bank, the lead bank on a slice of 
debt secured by 10 Macy’s 

Asahi contends that Citibank 
abrogated its agreement with its 
co-lenders when it sold its claim 
to Fidelity Investments, the gi- 
ant mutual fund company that 
is Mary’s largest creditor. 

Lost Week’s Markets 

All figures ore os of close tri tncUng Frtoo * 

Stock Indexes 

United States jmv 29 July 2? OiVe 

176223 3.735*4 + 073 % 

IB659 1B3.10 +1.91% 

1J5B4.96 1,606.12 — 132 S 

425.11 42065 +!*>% 

45026 453.11 + 1.14 V 

53193 52049 + 1JO lb 

25034 +095% 

Dj Indus. 
OJ Util. 
Dj Trans. 
SOP 100 
5 A P 500 
SO P I nd 
FTSE 100 
FT 30 

Money Rotes 

United State* 
Discount role 
Prime rote 
Federal funds rate 

July 39 


4 5/16 



2 3'16 



NDdtei 225 20449. 


OAX ZliSJyi 


Hong Seng V82B1 


MISCIP 62320 

II 1470 —I/C% 
2/42520 —136% 

70A61 —DJ37% 

2,15026 —a>7'* 

9,15299 +340% 

62590 — 043% 

Coll money 
3-monin imertwnk 
Cciin w 
Call money 
rLmontn Inleroank 


Bank base rate 
Coll money 
3-month Interbank 
Gold July 59 Julv 23 

London pm. 38400 38420 







July 22 








5 306 

Workt Inete* From Maroon Stanley Cannot Inrt 


nmnrjvn ana'oiwcemeimt 

\ rfuiilcti'f of l N$ lO |icr flu re will In* paid »> from 8tli August IW 
again*! ilcliir r. - of l hr roufion n“ 8 of licjirvr share wrtifiralw at: 

Saccarsole de Luxembourg 
20, Boulevard Emmanuel Serrate 
L - 2335 Luxembourg 

Tin- share will Ik- quote tl evdividi'iul in I ji\cml»ourg Stock 
Kxehangi' as from fUh Anpi^r W}. 

Balancing safety and performance in institutional fund 
management calls for considerable discipline. 

To succeed 
m delivering both 
stability and a 
substantia! return, 
a private banker 
must bring together 
first-class specialists 
including asset 
managers, economists , 
financial analysts 
and tax experts. 

He devotes 
bis time exclusively 
to management 
of the fund. 

A client's cotifidevce 
bos to be earned. 

At this level cf 
there it only room 
far specialists. 


Geneva's Private Bankers 

Libert y • Independence • Responsibility 

In Geneva: 


(1844) ( (1798) (18J9) (1805) 

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A head: World Economic Calendar, August 1-5 

A Wt 

t ttaan* -. gw ** s *' 8 «*»«"« am ■■ ■ ' stag. S UMa July 

for The IntOnyfr Europe P*» mdu dm 

LsMon June manufacnirir 

TRADE.* U.S. Formally Cites Japan in 

•A ng. S Aanentw Ally consumer 
pries Incta dua 

London June manufacturing output 
due. Forecast Up 0.2 peroant In month, 
up 4.6 percent in year. 

•Asp. 1 Dutdn Irish markets dosed 
tor national holiday. 

tJ^W 4 ^ ' 

teg* Banfc holiday in 

Banka J b. 
OPW. ” nc ^ 1 markets wu remain 

2 ‘b'taej Don Mercer, chief 
taw A No* Zealand 
72* “***» Securities hatHute of 
^ rflfa on fte tank's compact*? posfr- 

tatefatre pm*. Minister To- 
. Ataeana ot Western Samoa t»- 

ra hfrd ayvM to Australia. 
z” 1 ** 1 '* Australian retail sales re- 
■reed for June. Forecast; Gain ot 1 per- 


* ***** Frederick Mishkin, 
professor at CoiuntiHa Urtfwr- 
«y an*} drectsr ot research tor the Fed- 
•™* Reserve Bonk ol New York, address- 
•a Australian Business Economists. 
T<JP*c: Markets, monetary policy and cen- 
tral bonking to the 1990a. 

Tokyo Federation of Bankers Assecta- 
tkm « Japan releases bank lending and 
Hermans figures through the end the July. 

Edtotugh Scottish bank hokday. 

Pate June unemployment Sgures re- 
leased- Outlook: Jobtaas rate unchanged 
at >2.7 percent- 

•Sag. * London Bank ot England 
Quarterly bulletin due. 

London July offieud reserves figures re- 
leased. Forecret Deoreeae ot Si 0 million. 
•Aog. 3 London June anal money 
data due. M4 and M4 tendmg foduded. 
Earnings aupnte* Akzo Nobel MV, 

•Aug. 1 Washington Commerce De- 
partment reports personal income and 
spending data tor June. 

Taupe, Arizona The National Associa- 
tion of Punftaairtfl Managgnwrrt ratoa^ ^ 
Its indexes for Jiay. 

Wtatto igten June construction spend- 
ing data due. 

San Sago Dosing data ter Chflran com- 
panies to report second-quarter earnings 
» the local securities and excfumgeconv 
m iasi on. 

oAog.2 Waahtnghm Juno new home 
sales data duet 

Washington House Banking Committee 
resumes MTutewttr hearings. Through 
August 4. 

Caracas Congress ms open debate on 
whether to suthona me suspension cri 
mi evil rights revoked by President Ra- 
fael Caldera on July 22. 

Sfter Spring, Maryland The Food end 

Dreg Administration's Drug Abuse Advi- 
sory Committee discuseBS the reiation- 

sMp between nteotlne dosage and addto- 
ticn to amoksnL 

Ws*Nngton American Petroleum Insti- 
tute issues its weakly mpon on U.S. petro- 
leum stocks, production, imports and ta- 
nnery utlBiation. 

stag. 3 Washington June leading 
economic Indicators data released 
Washington The Federal Reserve Sys- 
tem ratoasas Its “Beige Book” report on 
current economic conditions. 
Washington The Mortgage Bankers As- 
sociation of America releases Its weekly 
mpon on mortgage applications. 

•Aug. 4 SSo Panto The gerarnmnf 
is scheduled to begin annul of sa»- 
cm troS o d airplane manufacturer Em- 
press BrasMra do Asronautfca SA. or 
Embraer. Waahtogtoo The Latior De- 
partment reports WtW weekly stale un- 
employment compensation insurance 

Gootinned from Page 1 

strong ties to the industries they regulate, 
trade experts said. 

“Pan of the problem is there is no Japa- 
nese government, there's a collection of 
ministries,” said Joseph A. Massey, who 
was the assistant U-S. trade representative 
for Japan and China during most of the 
Bush administration. “Just trying to get a 
decision out of that process is Hke punch- 
ing a marshmallow/" 

The announcement starts a 60-day peri- 
od of bilateral talks during which both 

the option of issuing forpubhc comment a 
list of possible bidding restrictions, and 
could impose those restrictions soon there- 

are also membosof an 

that is linked with the GenCTal Agreei^ 

on Tariffs and Trade and bars couam« 
from imposing restnefcons on contracts 
that involve goods and are worth more 
than $174,000. . 

When the Clinton a dm i n istratio n 
voted the government procurement la* 
last year to issue a list of bidding restn®: 
tions ot co mpan ies from the eh*®**®, jj 
Union, the proposed restncuons tno^ 
involved contracts for. serwe^wch * 

infra. Some of these restrictions are *iul m 

on bidders from soxne of the Europer 
an Union’s member nations. 

sides promised Sunday to continue their 
negotiations. If no settlement is reached by 

The administration is accusing the Japa- 
nese government of “persistent and dis- 
c rimin atory practices" in the awarding of 
contracts for tdecommunications gear and 
medical equipment. Under a 1988 law, the 
president can bar bids for certain federal 
contracts from countries. that do not allow 
American companies to compete for gov- 
ernment contracts on an equal footing 
with domestic companies. 

SepL 29, the administration *ould have 

But the legislation bars broader trade 
sanctions. The United States and Japan 

Wnhtogtoo The Traea/ry Department 
reports weekly money supply dtta. 

•Are. 5 

Houston Better Hughes Inc. rates** Us 
weekly auivay otfte nuntosr of adwe oa 
and gas drtfling rigs In the United Stefas 
and Canada. 

Washington The Federal Reserve re- 
leases its weekly report of erases end 
(Ubieties of U-S. commercial banks. 

JENSEN: Investment Pays Off 

This week’s topics: 

o Making Quality Pay 
o A New Urge To Merge In Europe 
o Mideast: The Economic Payoff 
o Engines That Run On Water? 
o Remaking Big Oil 

Now available at your newsstand! 

BusinessWeek International 
14, » d'Ouchy, CH-1006 Lausanne Tel. 41-21-617-4411 
For subscriptions call UK 44-62B-23431 Hong Kong 852-523-2939 

Contimed from Page 7 
House official who joined Inter- 
national Jensen in 1984. 

The two biggest recipients of 
foreign investments among Ger- 
many's 16 federal states are 
North Rhin e-Westphalia, which 
shares a border with Belgium 
and the Netherlands, and Hesse, 
which is dominated by the finan- 
cial center — Frankfurt 
At the end of 1991, the last 
year for which statistics were 
j available, more than 85 percent 
1 of all foreign investment in Ger- 
l man y was located in no more 
than 5 federal states, all of which 
| had good transportation facili- 
ties or were dose to a border. 

In the course of European 
| integration and the opening of 
j eastern Europe, the Continent 
offers numerous alternatives to 
| Germany, most of which boast 
lower wages and taxes. 

Many potential foreign inves- 

tors, particularly Japanese com- 
panies, have also balked at grow- 
ing xenophobic violence that has 
sullied the country's image 
abroad and raised questions 
about its political stability. 

Between 1982 and 1992, for- 
eigners invested $25 billion in 
Germany overall, compared 
with $152 billion in Great Brit- 
ain, $68 billion in France and 
$63 billion in Spain. In fact, 
among the world’s leading in- 
dustrialized countries, only Ja- 
pan fared worse than Germany 

as a recipient of foreigH invest- 
ment, while the United States 
fared by far the best, according 
to a study by the Organization 
for Economic Cooperation and 

But while Mr. Shaw said In- 
ternational Jensen would jump 
at an investment opportunity in 
Spain, Portugal or Hungary, he 
is convinced of the importance 
of consumer loyalty to national 
brands in the German market, 
Europe's biggest 

“Even though Germans were 
getting more receptive to for- 
eign-made products, a German 
brand name had immens ely 
more recognition and probably 
a more favorable image,” he 
said, describing the rationale 
for his company's investments. 

So far. International Jensen 
has concentrated its efforts in 
Germany on the so-called auto- 
motive after-market, as op- 
posed to the market for pre- 
installed original equipment 
where brand names are consid- 
ered less important and profit 
margins considerably narrower. 

International Jensen is also 
focusing on exports, with Mr. 
Shaw hoping to increase inter- 
national sales to 50 percent, of 
the company's revenues in 19% 
from about 20 percent in 1993. 

OCTOBER 4, 5 &6 

OCTOBER 17-20 

FEB. 16-18 

National Business Air u aft Association 
47th Annul Meeting & Convention 

Trie most important mailapto for busing 
roafonniteaadd the N&tt&uMtfKin sparc 
neariyorethiid mile ct mtoreAbt space. An 
rmprassiveanayolairaah. mcmes. engines and 
aaisMKS are cfeplay-rt w abundance MoriJkacm 
Sf«ulist5 component manfeanras. semveand 
support osanoirctis are well represented ament 
ite needy "TOO Ectabcois *hofill the massne halt 
.An esarrdw half-bilksi deltas *wth of anoab 
pnee the lama: » the Sax nspb-yAiipcrt. 

Canute Kathleen HoD. NBAA. 

Washington. D.C. USA 
TeL- 13021 753^282 
Fax: 12021 862-5553 

The American 
Dietetic Association IADAJ 

.ADA's 77th Annual meamg and EdutmanwiU ! 
address rhedunanednurrms of rodav's heeltfi ; 
care marketplace which are open s\e new decs 
for the dterencs professon ii «nil indude msiehts 1 
on future indusny trends, updaies on the (ares 
scercrfK: research and pracCff techniques, and 
an exhibition wuh nee ity ADO companies dis- 
piavingstaifrof-thfren resources, equpmo*. 

food products and educational tods 
Coital: Gerri A. Salvatore, CEM 
Tel.: 3I2/89Q-0040 
Fax: 3 1 2/899-0008 

Societies In Crisis 
and Mental Health 

Leachnfi European psychiatrists, psychotoess. 
ecanmastsanisoaoloeisa mlleemnelht 
mental health eSeos on society cf 
UnetnpkMnott. immigration and Violence 
Spoasoeoby European Sooal Ministries and 
Ireematicnal Sacwl Qrranfiaucns Confemoe 
ocanizes seeX socraliy-avare Conpames to 
deiojp symposia illusttkmc thai dtarts to help 
sote these problems 

G»bu Mercnre Communication 

Tel.: (33-1 1 42 99 T7 70 
Fax: (33-1145 63 25 68 



On September 21st, the IHT will publish the first in a two-part 
series of Special Reports on 

At a Glance 

Eurobond YMd* 

and Development 

Among the topics to be covered are: 

The link between infrastructure projects and living standards 
in Asia. 


TrkteS Tries 

us. & taw ten 





U5. Liston tom 




US. t, s&ort tosi 










Ftrac* fcracs 




51 7 

Italian tot 





Dentok krona 





Ssetfun krona 




HCU. tore lira 



4k II 

ECU, nMn tens 






















Seurat: Luxembourg Stock Ekcftonss. 

China’s Three Gorges dam, the world's largest hydropower 

Wookly Safes 

The $20 billion Hong Kong airport. 

Power plants, road building and other projects in Indonesia. 













37 JO 











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L Ki U hS l J A I f - *- 

Paris at 

Libor R«tes 






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on the Move 
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Tel.: + 44 71 329 3333 
Fax: + 44 71 329 3919 

Far Richer Bubka Nudges Up Record 

But Wind Blows Away Powell’s Mark ■ Tying M 

rv,— '- _ 

sSSsasss " L . «*«-* 

DUDIUt, - — o 

wind that foiled of other ath- 
letes, raised the world pole * 
record another centimeter ~ 
day and won a 5130,000 Ferrari. 

The 30-year-old “Flying 
Ukrainian” cleared 6.14 meters 
(20 feet, 1% indies) to breakthe 
record he set in Tokyo m 1992. 
“The wind was good, blowing 

in die proper duKnon. Tie 

proper --- 

track was perfect and altitude 
possibly helped,” said Bubka. 

It was the 35th world mark — 
the 17th outdoors — for an ath- 
lete who has piled up a fortune 
in money bonuses by improving 
centimeter by centimeter. 

The prize at this Alpine re- 
sort at 2,035 meters of altitude 
was a two-seater Ferrari sports 
car worth $130,000. that was 

» rainno ft 

min ^ Petersburg. Russia, 
Shannon Miller’s wo-ycaiwn- 

ning streak was ended Sunday at 

the Ooodwill Games. _ 

In her first defeat since the 
1992 Olympics, America s mc»i 
j__„ra?cd evmnast was beaten 
for the women’s all-around ude 
by the 17-year-old Russian, 
Dina Kochetkova. 

She took the gold by little 

more than five-hundredths or a 

The Flying Ukrainian,’ Sergei Bubka, collected 

me lvoo * — -- — 

he saia in» ‘ ' , ina Chistiakova of Run*. 

^SSnd,^ a leap 5 

“wbrid iSampion i Mike Paw- overcame a 

rsj *£tss22rjr5£ 

LewisbySScentimdffSinthor Nigeria in the 

first confrontation since 1992. 

That equaled the world re- 1 oni-rf-ti's wind-aided time of more man iivo-uuu«»«~-— -- 
cord Powell set in Tokyo m « well off the JJU 39325 to 39.268. Yelena 

1991, but was wind-aided and 9g5 seconds he g^osheva of Ruf» . won ** 

could not go into tbe recorf Lausanne this month. bronze with 38.943 pomis. 

books. It dideani Powella can- s® . . - s Jobn Regis, only sinC e capturing the silver 
solution prize: * Lancia car ^e 10 o meters, beat at me 1992 Barcelona 

worth SI 2,000. wSd champion Frank Fred®- Miller had won the aU- 

Lewis, who jumixd 8.66 _me- Namibia in the 200 me- ground title at every majorevent 

was a two-seater Ferran sports ters in regular wmdeo^b^ clocking 19.87 seconds ■ she had competo^- 

SUSUawm. that. was ^anallo^blewjnd. - - - “ 

on offer for any athlete setting a turned m *e SlStoiSfin- World champion Colm Jack 
world mark. It had gone un- mance oflhe year wrnOTgu ^ of Bntmn won the 1 ! R>me^ 

c 'ti -BSJS 1 !! 8.72, - - 

Allen Johnson o f die United 

Singh’s 8-Under 64 
Wins Swedish Event 

The Associated Press 

STOCKHOLM — Vgay Smg» *J«JStoSr3 
tort of a course record Sunday but 

>r a three-stroke victory in the 

Singh, a U.S. Tour regular from Fiji, fimdmdwtba 
iirm ament-record 268^0under par on the rdativdy 
isy, flat heathland Drottningholni course. . 

Mark McNulty of Zimbabwe was seanKl 


•r Hangsrud of Norway and die overnight leader, 
[ark Davis of England, at 272. , , . , R ■ hil . 

Pamevik closed with 67. Haugsmd shot 68^” 
^s carded 71. Mark Roe aFSnriand, who trafled 

t* 4 ■ 

a 35th world pole vault record, «t 6-14 meters, and a $130,000 Ferran. — ‘ , 

= r Games Spruce Up St. Petersburg 

SIDELINES ^ IT Drices were reduced by half a. 

around uuc av j - - 

in which she had con^eied, m- 
duding the 1993 and 1994 world 

who won the 
bronze at this year s world 


P Ser. 17, hurt her chances by 
- - ----fourth in the first event, 
Shi Look steps on both 

.. 1 r.a.rhmt With 

p L/L. * — C7 me^nTt She unHrim on oom 

number of “ * e 

Olympic Yofleyball Games Moved {^.tSSSSSH 

A ^^n^orSol^^n°S S y A"sTd p^ed^^bScherteid. S*«edays.- 

Before the Genre. ^ W 

S^l^ U Stionwouldbe.b,d SSffld^fS- A 

,, River Neva. ter used to restore the aty spalaces 

the women’s tcuni 

KU53H& ww“ wuiuvli - . 

competition Saturday, wi^h 

me lum — floor 

S?™3U“oSu‘«d^'<im. Jf5&"£fld£ 

lies and roads could have been wet japanning across the empty m the beam to 

on the River Neva. ter used to restore the a^ pala b , Jj^^JSSaon. it appears, is ^ j n j 75 points, followed 

“Every building is shining; or build housing for part 0 f the problem, not the solu- with 1 16-000. 

they’ve painted everything, she re- crowded in comnmnal ^artmen^ F»ri Str^ne with 115.630 mid the 

joiced, attributing the aty*s S70 Buino w with the gam«hidf over pootte prefer to stay United states with 115375. 

U^f»c=-mmthol994Good- w£™*IE****L*ZL 

. .1 :_l.nhi,unfc vem tG 

g ,So!2fftaflSS«L T& voUeyball venue is *e 
Omni in downtown Atlanta. 


Olympique M-rseiBe, dieted 
this season after last year s bribery wanda^ began 

Orlando Magic af« f *= 

, - o^rim thw would no longer try to re-sign 

d g^ig info Sundaw’s final 

■gwagBagtgj^ ~ ~ 

oited Stales Sunday m the Curts Cup m OdtcMiu 

mini cm iacc-mi lw iuv - — 
will Games. “The roads have been 
fixed. They’ve bought buses 
for the city, cars for the city em- 

Her husband added, “Now we 
don’t feel that we’re any worse off 
he rest of the world." 

• 1994 Games may turn out to 

. a.; :n:__ J.ll,. Ince 

medals — j j — . 

bronze — the inhabitants seem to 
be getting into the flag-waving , spm- 
it. Although ticket pnees and the 
heat have kept many home, 30.000 
people a day are attending the 

John P. Kelly, president of the 

_ ' J tl,M H. 

-a iov ui people prefer to stay 
home, in the shade or at the da- 
cha," Mutko said, “and watch the 
name s over a glass of beer or tea. 
^Sports are not an integral part of 
the free Russian psyche, suggested 
Seraei Efremov, a 41 -year-old engi- 
ne*? who had slipped out of the 
sweltering heat in the stadium to 
take a swim in a nearby pond. 

‘Americans have gotten to the 
ic va nni: we 

Ukraine wim » “~r 
United Stales with 1 15375. 

Kochetkova had the up KOR 
of the competitiDn ^ 39.15. 
Miller was third with 3wn. 

• Moses Kiptanui of Kenya 
set a worid record for two antes 
with a time of 8 nunutes, 9.01 
seconds Saturday night m Hecn- 

ld ]Sp££ > holder of the worid 
3 W-tneu* _and 3,000 ste^lj 

The 1994 Games may turn out to p KeU y > presiacm ui wv 

fcttSKSSS™? SSftWsWfi ^mSTfSEJSS 

►actable . Mo^on.hesemc^^ 

• Peter ThomsOT, mS like the events that life here isn t as bad as ^^230 to $18 a tickeL and the crazy. 

everyone Uunki. 

8:12.17 set oy ivueiuu — 

Moroccan on the same track last 

July 31. 

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Page 12 



Berger Wins German Grand Prix 
As Crashes and Fire Take a Toll 

Caapi led by Our Staff From Dispatches 

HOC KEN HEIM, Germany 
T~ Gerhard Berger put Ferrari 
in the victory lane Sunday for 
the first time in nearly Four 
years, winning a German 
Grand Prix marred by a pit fire 
and two crashes, one at the 
starting line and another at the 
first corner. 

The first knocked out four 
cars and the second took out 
seven more in the 26-car field. 

International Automobile 
Federation stewards at Hock- 
enheim placed the blame for the 
crash at the first corner on Mika 
Hakkinen of Finland, the 
McLaren Peugeot driver, and 
suspended him from the next 
race, the Hungarian Grand Prix 
in Budapest on Aug. 14. 

No one was seriously hurt in 
the crashes or the fire on the 
12th lap, which occurred in the 
Benetton pit of Jos Versiappen. 
But the 22-year-old Dutch driv- 
er and three mechanics were 
taken to a bum clinic near 
Ludwjgshafen for treatment 

Berger’s victory, the first for 
Ferrari since Sept 30. 1990. at 
the Spanish Grand Prix, ended 

the longest drouglu for the Ital- 
ian automaker in its Formula 
One history. 

Ferrari had never before 
gone more than one season 
without winning a race. 

Berger's was a dominating 
victory, too. as he led from 
start- to-finish and took the 
checkered flag 54.779 seconds 
ahead of the Ligier Renault 
driven by Olivier Panis of 
France. His countryman, Eric 
Bernard, was third in the other 

“Today we proved what we 
tried to do ana Tm very hap- 
py " Berger said. 

It was not a happy day for 
Michael Schumacher. The For- 
mula One standings leader and 
local favorite was allowed to 
race at Hockenheim after lodg- 
ing an appeal Thursday to the 
FIA. It had imposed a two-race 
ban on him for temporarily ig- 
noring a black flag at the British 
Grand Prix on July 10. 

Starting fourth on the grid, 
Schumacher closed on Berger 
unto the 20th lap, when engine 
trouble forced him to park his 

During the 12th lap. a flash 
fire erupted while crew mem- 
bers were tiying to refuel Ver- 
stappen’s car. The coupling on 
the hose appeared to come 
loose, spilling fuel on the car 
tsine. Wit 

and engine. Within seconds, the 
pit was engulfed in flames and 
billowing black smoke. 

The fire was quickly extin- 
guished with Verstappen and 
four mechanics receiving “mi- 
nor or mild burns to the upper 
face," according to an FIA 
spokesman. Verstappen was to 
be released later Sunday and 
three of the injured mechanics 
were treated and released, the 
spokesman said. 

Ross Brawn, the Benetton 
technical director, said: “We 
will hold a thorough investiga- 
tion into the cause of the fire." 
It was the ninth Formula One 
victory for Berger but his first 
since the 1992 Austrian Grand 
Prix. That triumph was in a 
McLaren. The following sea- 
son, he moved to Ferrari where 
his highest finish since had been 
a third-place in the 1993 Hun- 
garian Grand Prix. 

He completed the 45 laps 

around the 6. 82-kilometer 
(4.21 -mile) Hockenheim track 
in 1 hour, 22 minutes and 
37.272 seconds. 

For Ferrari it was its 104th. 
triumph in Formula One, tying 
it with McLaren for the all-time 
lead among constructors. 

Besides the pit fire, the race 
— run in 34-degree Celsius (94 
Fahrenheit) weather — bad 
other problems as crashes and 
attrition left only eight of the 26 
starters running at the end. 

Nearly half the field was 
e limin ated before the first turn. 

The chain-reaction crash at 
the first corner was blamed by 
racing officials on Hakkinen — 
who was already under proba- 
tion for his driving at the British 
Grand Prix — wiped out seven 
more cars. 

The accident occurred when 
Hakkinen struck the back of 
British driver Damon HflL then 
spun across David Coulthard in 
the second Williams. 


\i T 

Hill, second in Formula One 
standings at the beginning of 
the race, was forced into a 
lengthy pit stop that cost him a 

ItoM Wtifawdi/Th' A mooishI . 

Mika Hakkinen reflected on the chain-reaction crash that knocked Wm and six other drivers GtA of the race. 

crashes, said the race should JeanAfesi af France, trade of fi- 
have been stopped. c^ latersaid hedroppedout' 

While it at first appeared that because of electrical problems - 
the accidents also knocked out with hisFenaii (AP, Reuters) • 

lap and he never recovered, 
crossing the line as the last of 
eight finishers. 

Sauber chief, Peter 

Sauber, whose cars driven by 
Andrea de Cesaris of Italy and 
Heinz-Harald Frmtzen of Ger- 
many were both involved in the 


-T . 'V— ■ V-C 

Major League Standings 

(Throve I) swordor** Games) 

(7). Lelaer (71. Welch (7). EcfcersleY (9) and 
Stelnbach; Benner. Gardiner (8). Cadaret 
IW.S. Davli If) and Tettlelon. w— WekJi.3-4. 
L— Belcher. 7-131 5v-Ee*erslev t!7>. 
HR*— Detroit, K. Gibson ID). Oakland, Sierra 
132). Hemond (3). 

Seattle 030 MB 800—4 is 1 

Chicago B38 188 lOx— S It 0 

Cummings. J. Netean M), Kins (6). Gas soar 

Piazza. W— Valdes. 2-0. L— Hudek. 02- 
HRs — Las Armeies. Butler (81. DeShlekto <21. 
Houston, Batmen (25). 

Saturday’s Line Scores 





(9) and D. Wilson; A Fernandez. Assen- 

New York 





macher (8). R. Hernandez <9) and Melvin. 






W— A. Fernandez. 11-7. L— King, 0-Z Sv— R. 






Hernandez (131. HR— Seattle. Anthony IB). 






Toronto MI DM 006-4 9 0 






Baltimore 808 300 800—1 8 0 

Central Division 

A Letter, Casttlto (7).Hall (91 and Borders; 






Mover, Elchharn (71 and Hollex. W— A. Letter, 






64 L Moyer. 4-7. Sv— Hail 113). HR— Tor- 

Kansas City 





onto. Carta (23). 






Cefltarn la 110 000 Dll— 1 6 0 






Texas 830 002 0*x— 5 6 0 


Langston. M. Letter (7) and Mvers. T urner 






(8) ; Pavlik, Oliver (7). Henke (B) and l.Rodrl- 






auez. W— Pavlik. 2-5. L— Langston. 6-7. 






Sv— Henke 113). HRs— Texas. Palma (19). 






Graer (9). 



East Division 

PblladeipMa 000 180 OM-3 6 0 





Atlanta 000 032 00*— 5 12 0 






On lackson, Borland (7), Botlallco IB) and 






Pratt; Avery and J. Lone*, w— Avery, 74 






L—Dn. Jackson. 13-5. HRs— Attama. J. Lopez 

New York 





(13). Phltadeinhfa, Reudv (t|. 






New Yak 100 181 100-4 8 8 

Central Division 

Plttshorgh 888 108 000-1 7 • 






B. Jones. Gunderson (8). Franco (•) aid 






Hundtev; Ueber, RMonzonlilo (El. Micali (9) 






and Parrish, w— Jones. 11-7. L— Lleoer, 5-4. 






Sv— Franca (26). HR— New York. Ry. Thomp- 






son (18). 

west Dlvtsiaa 

MOMTOO0 101 110 400-0 11 1 

Las Angeles 





Florida 000 048 080-4 B 1 

San Frandsea 51 




HeraUa. Shaw (5), Ratos (7). wetteland (9) 






and Webster. Fletcher (5); SchekL R- Lewis 

San Diego 





(6), Mulls (71. Aoutno (7), Mathews (9) and 

Friday's Une Scores 

Cleveland BOB 110 000—2 » 1 

New York 180 300 01»-5 8 I 

now. Mesa IB) and s. Ataman Hitchcock. 
Wick man (8), Ham (9) and Stanley. 
W — Hitchcock. 3-1, L— NOW. M. Sv— Ham 
113). HR— Cleveland. Belle 134). 

Milwaukee 088 001 100-* J D 

Boston 200 001 40*— 7 9 0 

Miranda, Navarra (7),Htouera IB) aid Nils- 
son; Vanesmond and BerrvWIL w— Vanee- 
mond. 1-3. V— Miranda, 1-4. HRs— Boston, M. 
Vauahn 2 (24). Milwaukee, Jaha (10). 
Minnesota 001 810 010-3 9 1 

Kama cuv an no sun—s 10 0 

Taparri. Guthrie (7). Slews (8) and Parks; 
DeJesus. Pichardo 18) and Macfarione. 
w— Dejesus, 2-0. L — TopanL 9-7. Sv— Pi- 
chardo (3), HRs— Kansas City, Gactti 2 1121. 
Mdand no 088 111—4 9 8 

Detroit 818 088 308-4 « 3 

Van poppcl Briscoe <4>. vashera 1*1. Am 

Santiago. W— Shaw. 5-2. L— Lewis, 1-4. 
HR— Montreal, Berry (7). 

Chicago 500 Va 800-8 u 2 

St. Lams 001 NO 200—3 5 2 

Buiilnoer, Otto 191, Bautista 191 and Par- 
ent; Watson. Buckets (4), E versoem (7). Mur- 
phy (81, Arocha 191 and Pagnazzf. w— Bui- 
linger. 6-2. L— Watson. W HR— Chicago. 
Bucchele (13). 

ctMimati 82s an no— 4 8 8 

San Diego DM >18 000-1 IS 8 

Schouiok. J. Brantley (7) and Dorset!; 
Ashby. Tabaka (7). Florla (8) and Ausmu*. 
W— Schourok, ML L— Ashby, 4-11. Sv— Bront- 
tov (12). HR— Ondimalt Branson (5). 
Comrade 0W oi» 288-1 10 0 

San Francisco 2m 2m 11*— 4 T3 8 

tiled, Blair (5), Czulkowskl (7)andGlronll; 
Block. Men tal eone [7J. Beck 19) aid Mwmar- 
tag. W— Block, 4-1. L— Ntad. **■ H R-Cotar- 
eda, Urtano (3). 

IN W2 *01— S » 2 
Ml ON 383-7 8 1 
R e yno ld s. To. Janes (7). Hudsk (9) and Eu- 
sebio; Astada Seanez (7), Valdes (8) and 

Milwaukee IN IN *30—5 8 I 

Boston 0« 01* 000-1 4 l 

E Idled, lanasiak (71, J. Mercedes (81. Uovd 
(81. Fetters (8) and Nlbsen; Clemens, Bank- 
head (81. MelaMtez (9) and BerrvhUL 
W— Eldred, 10-10. L— Oemena. 94. Sv— Fetters 
(15). H 09— Milwaukee. Jo. Reed (21, Jaha (III. 
Oakland 110 ON 000- 2 11 I 

Detroit 271 311 03*— 14 17 ■ 

B. Witt, Harsnon (4), Phoenix (5). Lelper (81 
aid llemond; Bcranat, Boeve- 171. Groom 19) 
and Kreuter, Flaherty (9). W— Bergman, 1-0. 

I a Witt, 8-9. HRs— Detroit, Phillips (15). 

Cuyter ID. Oakland. Brosius (12). 

Cleveland 010 012 oto-S 9 8 

New York 838 812 0*x— 4 12 1 

Lopez, Coskin (2J,Ullknitst (61. Plunk (7) 
and S. Alomar; J. Abbott, Ausanki (4). wk*- 
nKm(B).Howe (9) aid Nokes. W— Ausonto. 2- 
a L— Caslan, 1-1 Sv— Howe (14I.HRS— Cleve- 
land. Boerva (15), Belle (357. Ramins tW. 
Seattle 801 081 810-2 S I 

Chicago 201 OH m*-4 il i 

Boskle, T. Davis (2). J. Nelson (AI.Ayala (8) 
and Wilson; McDowell and LoValllere, Mel- 
vin (9). W— McOcwelL 9-4 L — Boskle, <M. 
HR— cwcooa Thomas IU) r 
Toronto ON ill 000-5 10 8 

BaHI mare 800 211, 28*— » 15 • 

Statnemvre. Rtahetti (7), Timlin I7i,w. wil- 
llcans IB) and Borders; Williamson. Ballai 16), 
Ekhhora l*),MBls (B), Le. Smith 19) and Tack- 
ett W—EIChhonvM. L—Tlmlln. 0-1. Sw— Smith 
1 32). HRs — Toronto. Carter (Ml.WHta (T3).Bat- 
Hmora. Bataes 06), L. Gamez US). 
Minnesota MO OM 040 00-4 7 1 
Kansas Ctty ON 181 ON BI-8 M 8 
(11 lanlags) 

Erickson. Aguilera (9), WIUH (10), Guthrie 
(10). Schuttstram (ll) and woOteck; Appier. 
Bellndc (10). Brewer (11) and Moyne. 
W — Brewer. 4-1. L— Guthrie, 4-2. HR— Kansas 
Ctty. Hamel in (21). 

Cal Ham la 004 302 201— W M 0 

Texas 000 HI 020— 4 13 1 

Bn. Anderson Sprtnuer (7). Graho 18). B. 
P u ltw so n (9) and C Turner; Bohonon Falor- 
do (4), Carpenter (4), Howell (7). Honeycutt 
(9) and L Rodriguez, J. Drill (7). W— Ander- 
son, 7-5. L— Bohonon, t-1. HRs — California, 
Curtis (11). C Davis 2 (231. 

PhlkKMMlQ MM •« 004-4 7 I 

Adaafa M0 tOO MO-2 4 1 

Schilling, Siocumb It). D. Jones (9) and 
Uaberthal; <31 ovine, Stanton (8), Bedroaton 

L — RItz.4-5. Sv — Beck (251. HRs— Cutarodo. Bi- 
chette (27). San Frandsea Strawberry (3). 

New York 000 NO 2N •— 2 5 2 

Pittsburgh 008 008 101 1—3 11 O 

(10 Innings) 

Saberhaaen, Mason (10). Gundsnan (10) 
and Hundley; N eagle. Dewey (8), Over (9), 
Micod (10) and Skwaht. W-Mieen, M. 
L — Mason, 2-5. HR-New York. Bonilla (19). 

Satordays Rcsam 
Yomluri z Yakult 1 
Hiroshima 5. Chunk*! 3 
Yokohama 3, Hanshln 0 

Sudor] Resattx 
Yomluri 9, Yakull 1 
Omni chi 12, Hiroshima 11 
Hanshln B. Yokohama 7 

Pacific League 

Moatraal MI 000 103—7 6 0 






Florida 188 m 000-3 7 0 







Rueter, Scott (5). Rotas (0). wettekmd (0) 







ond Fletcher. Spehr (7); Gardner. Johnstone 







18), Mathews |9). w— Scott. 5-2. L— Gardner, 







04 Sv— Wettoland (21). HRs — Montreal, 







Grissom (8), KWtilte (2). 

Nippon Ham 






AlesL Prance. 19; & Rubens Barricheite Bra- . 

zfl, 10. 

4, Mika Hakkinen. Finland. g ; 7. OUvtor 
Ponls. Franca 6; EL Martin Brundle. Britain, 
*;&NieoiaLarM,t1a(v.fc It Christian Fitti- 
paldi. Brazil, 6. 

Con s t ru ctors' staodtegsz Benetton Fora.67; 
Ferroti. 52; Wltttoais Renault, 43; McLaren 
Peugeot, 14; Jordon Hart M; Lister Renault 
10: Sauber Mer ced e s. 10; Tyrrell Yamaha. 9; 
Footwork Ford. 8; M in ardi Ford. 5; Lar- 
raussc Ford. 2L 

CMcaao 038 8N 0W- 7 U 0 


Banks. Veras (5). CHm Id). Otto (8) and WH- 
kins; Tewksbury, Hobran Id). Murphy m.Ara- 
eha (8) and PaawzzL w— Tewksbury, n-ia 
L— Banks. 8-18. Sv— Arocha (Ml. HRs— CW- 
cuoa G. HIB (9). SL Louis. Joflsrles (11). 
dad matt 082 830 88S-7 7 0 

San Diem 280 020 200-4 15 2 

Smiley, Ruffin (7). Me El my (8), Carrasco 
IB) and Taubensce. Dorsett (9); Benes, Pa 
Martinez (9). Hattman (9) ana Johnson. 
W— Carrasco. 5-4. L—HoffnmL4-4. HRs— an- 
dnnatt Mitchell (27). Boone (W), Br. Hunter 
(12). San DIega Bell (13). E_ Williams (9). 
Housha ON an 888-1 7 t 

LOfAmMes >0* 003 28* — 4 7 7 

Kile. Hampton (7), Veras 17), Edens (8) and 
Eusebio; Grass. Valdes (7). Warred (9) and 
Piazza. W— Grass. 0-7. L— Kile. 7-6. 

Saturday's Results 
OH* i. Selbu 2 
Latte 4. Dale; 2 
Kintetsu & Nmwn Mam 5 

Sunday's Results 
Orix a. Selbu 7 
Kintetsu L Nippon Ham 3 
Dotal 4. Lotte 3 


-'jM. J.- '■ 1 *,* -: 

Scandinavian Masters 

Hie Michael Jordan Watch 

FRIDAYS GAME: Jordon went 0- tor-4 as 
Birmingham defeated the Carolina Mudcats 
6-5 In 10 innings and scored two runs. He 
popped out to second In the n rs H nufaiw touted 
la the catcher in the third, reached on an error 
and scored a run In I he rnttv wufked and 
scored a run In the seventh, grounded out to 
third In the ninth ana hod five outputs. 

SATURDAY'S GAME: Jordon went 2-for-4 
with two RBls.agraundari,a flyout, an RBI 
double aid Ms first home nm.osolo shot in the 
elsMh Inning In a 6-1 victory aver the Carolina 
Mudcats. He also state a base and had one 

SEASON TO DATE: Jordan Is now batting 
.189 (67-tor-354) with 32 runs. 15 doubles. 1 
hiata I home run, 39 RBI& 38 »afk& M strike- 
outs and 24 stolen bases In 39 attempts. He Ira 
181 Mitouts. dye assists and H> errors. 

Final scares Sunday tram the A9S4-nrd 
CA3S5-metan.aar72 Drottntaghotm Gelt due 

VI toy Stem. Fill 6847-49-46—268 

Mark McNulty. South Africa 67-644946-271 
jasper Paraevlk. Sweden 69-714547—272 

Per HaugsnxL Norway 7Q46-b848— 272 

Mark DavK Engtond 64-7245-71—272 

Mark Roe. England 66-7244-71—272 

Robert Karlsson. Sweden 70-68-69-67—274 

Sven Sfruver, Germany 7845-7049-274 

Paul Curry. England 66-72-7)46—275 

John Bland. South Africa 68-70-7067—275 

Andrew cottart. Scotland 724746-70—275 

al— R educed suspension of Albert BcUe. 
CtavetandouffieWer, from Uganes to seven. 

BOSTON— Sent Stan Raver. taflaMer. la 
Pawtucket, H_ Recsltad Carlas RoNIguez, 
Inftalder, tram PawtudieL 
CHICAGO— OpttaMdScott Rnttcsra.MKb- 
er. to NashvOta. AA. Boooht contract of Altae 
Hommoker, pitcher, from NuNwHte- 
MILWAUKEE— Rcooltad John Jaha. Brat 
basema n, tram New OrtactfcAA. Son! Rick 
Wrona catcher, outright to New Orleans. 
NEW YORK— Waived Don PaH. pttcbor. 
OAKLAND— Put Bill Tavtor. pitcher, on IS- 
day (Bsabtad nsL Recalled Steve Phoenix, 
pitcher, tram Tacoma PQ- Tnoatarrad 
Steve Karsay. pttdnr. tram isnay to Mkday 
disabled list. 

i. '- b-.'.- j*.— '-5- a-v i.%.i 

German Qrand Prix 

Japanese Leagues 

Control League 

(B).McMichwl (9). Wohlers (9) and J. Laaez. 






O'Brien (8). W-Shcumb.5-1. L-McMWioel. 







W Sv— a Jones (27). 







Colorado 888 M0 118-4 U 0 







San Francisco 020 sw «x— 6 9 1 







Rite. Harris (5), Laskailc 17) and Giranfl; 







PortuoaL Beck (91 and Reed. W— Portugal. »-7. 







Results Sunday after 45 lam on me 6B2 
kl tome tar <4JV«ilto> Mockmuxrta ctrcgit 
with driver, esuatry, make of car, lap time, 
and leaders average snood; 1. Gerhard 
Beraer. Austria Ferrari, 1 haw. 22 minutes, 
37X72 seconds wRh an avaragr urmatS of 
222J70 kph (137,635 mph); Z Ollvtar Parts. 
Franca Ugler Renault, 1:23.-3U51; X Eric 
Bornant, France. Ligier Renault, 1 :23;42J)4; 
4. Christian Fittipaldi Brazil Footwork Ford 

5. damn MarbkMHU, Itolv, Footwork Ford, 
1 : 24:07416; 6, Erik Camas, Franca Larrausso 
Fort. 1:24;22J17; 7. CHtvtar Berctta Franca 
Larrausse Fart, 1 :22;44j8Bl 44 km; 8, Damon 
HUL Britain, Williams Renault. 1 :22;47.124.44 

P i lret s ' shs id to g s : 1. Ml chow Schumacher, 
Germany, 66 paints; 2. Damon Hill, Britain, 
39; X Gerhart Berger, Austria 27; a Jean 

Naflawal League 

CHICAGO— Put Anthony Young. pHcher.on 
15-day disabled Hst. Recalled Frank CastlUa. 
pHcbar, tram Iowa. AA. 

HOUSTON — Put Sid Bream, flrsl baseman, 
on 15-day dtaabtadUsL RecouedMienaPe- 
taotne. kiflekler. from Taaan PCL- 
philadelPHia — P ut Mariano Dunam, 
second baseman, an 15-day dhnhtari ItsL 
PITTSBURGH— Traded Br km Hooter. Brat 
bas em an-outfielder, to On c innott far Waver 
to be named later. Oatmed Steve PsgacA 
outfielder, oft waivers from Onctnnan. 

SAN OIEGO-Optloaed Ray McDavhLaut- 
ttaktar, to Las Vogas. PCL. Recalled ARM 
Qantruc co . jnHektar. fraai Las veaas. 


nattanal BaskeibaB Amctotloa 
ORLANDO— Traded Scott Skltaa. guard, a 
flrst-roand draft pick hi 1996 aid ftjture ew- 1 
sfderalton to WbsMnglon tar ssomdraaid 
pick in 1996 and future um B d et u tton. 

SAN ANTON IO-Sisned Chuck Penan Idr- 
wart. la muMT-vaar contract 

Nattanal Foathall League 
ARIZONA— Signed Eric England, defen- 
■ive Hfieman. and Howard Dlnkba. Ibmback- - 
w. Waived Tim McNamen Mckar, aid Ken 
Swifting, flnebocfcsr. WWrad York KurfnsfcY 
and Eric woitard offensive linemen. - 
CINCINNAT I - Re leased George Htnkta. 
de ta n sl vB tackle; Jett Thomason, tight ond;-* 
Kormeettmh McGill llnehackorr axj Ron 

CnraentaMototv. Put Terry RtcbaraeoaHun- 
nlaa back, onlnlorad raserve. 

GREEN BAY Released Mike Prior, sota- 
ty. and then rastgaed Mm. Oahned Chains 
Arttockle. tight e«L off waivers tram ladto- 
napoBs. Stoned eatfe Btatab atfenstee mu* 
man. WNved Bob Brasher. ttoMeaLood Rav 
dy Btarmaa. ot ta ns t ve Rnecoon. 

INDIANAPOLIS— Waived Darnell Camp> 
bell end Mmvta Courtney, l imnin g back s 

KANSAS CITY— Signed Pott Evans, tight 
-aid. Relented Fraoklto Thomas. Hot# end. 
Reteraed Tim Barnett, srtde racetver. 

LA. RAMS— AaaaanaH Gras MCMwtnb 
wide receiver, has Ian team. 

K.YUET S Signed GN y B S ck l o n Kte N ewI ve 
back, watvod Rabat Trice, raonkia hack. 

PITTSBURGH— Signed RMgteOork,Hne- 

SAN FRANCISCO — Signed Does Brian, 
kicker, to Zvwur contract. Wotvod Rooer. Bh 
zefc,pk»ceklcfcer; Sebniltnn Borrie. OHeratve . 
and; Liny COObn, wide racetver. AMbemr 
Thonams rumtag back; and Damien Rws- 
s^LsctatY. Stoned WVlkim FtowUaflhock. too 
AvewumtraO; UnryOkHra. wkte ntcehmr; - 
aid Jaraiae Dovtsba tuBbocfc.. ita B rw u Htwrf 
rights to Cory Ftamlng. wide racehar. Bt- 
Nasrt Marc Logan, tettback. 

. SEATT1-E — Aoraed to terms wHh So«n Ad- 
' ms ihlenihm tocfcta» on Svar caWacL .. 

WASHINGTON— Stoned RMwtf Pain, cor- 

tml IJJLA- 


unw .— 1 Mgdav League ' 

DETROIT— A w na u ncgda >vear a WW o B ga 
sanemant with Detroit Pakaaa. Cataatal 
Hockey Luague. . 

. LA. KINGS— Traded Luc .RobBaWw tatt 
etas, to Ptttaurah br Hck RcetaL dM 
wkML aid 1995 mamdrauaf «*m» choke. 

TORONTO— iftbbedMbe C i a M mhf m a i d - 

PHILADELPHIA . Sig n e d SWon Podeta. 
ceertar-taft wtna. 

TAMPA BA Y Sig n e d Rady FMschek. pte-. 
tonancmfcnmnL ond Oea A te P dae ls btadt 
scoot to mutthw cwftsdS 

berg. Australia del- Alborto BerOsotamTl (It. 
Spain, 74 (ML 34. M. 

Novboek d et Framberg 74 6-4, 74 (77) 

DanlstOatinlc, Argentina and Jan Stoma- . 
Ira. Nettiertands. doL Oovtd Adorns, testra- . 
Bo. and Andral (HhovsMy (2k 6-4. 4-2. 

. la Teroato ■ " 

Jbn Courier (4k tLS^def. Ttaoraos EnavIsL, 
Sweden 6-2. 62; Andre Agnal d). UJL, del. 
Seraei Bru o u era ft). Spain. 4-4, 74 (7-27,6-1; 
J uiwiM o itmienA Austral todekRtaheyHai- 
eberg OB. VLS- M «; Wavne Fartird (6L . 
Sooth AlrtcD, dak MORva) VmhtllgMn (14), 
05, 44. 74 741 - . 

SfaitofAwradeL Coaler, 34.64L 6-1; Aosal . 

0ef. Fembu.64, 74. . ' - 

toSireMow, Veriewt 

VtoatoL ux 6-4; Arantxa 5anchR-VF 
carta (ll.'ScahLdeLTairi WWttJaper-jonM. 
USjML 64» iwoiMaMI (JkCraatto^taLMorv k 
Jbt Fernand ez CIL UX. 6-1J-7. 74 (701;. 
AmandaQxdza-Uk South AtricaOeL Ginger , 
Ttemada 05, ULSv «, 64. : 

SatoteB-VUprta deLMotalL 6-X 4-3; Marti- ■ 
nmz. deL Otatmr. 6-L M. . 




nfl msEAsam 
AMaate 2L San Dtogd 17 
MfeMOi K New York Giants 19 




Banteam I, NiccO 
L* Havre 0. Paris SL .Germaki « 
SLEttonto .l, Rennes 1 
Monaco IL Mete I . . 

MonfpeBtar A Mnttgan T 
Sodnux 2. Coen D 
Lens k LBto 1 
Strasbourg LAuxorra 1 
Manta 1. Lvon 1 
Cannes ft Basfla 0 . 





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Catganr 62, British Columbia 21 

Karol Nawacek. Czech Republic, del. Mar- 
ceto Rios. CWte, 34, 40. 6-4; Richard Fran- 

Edmo nto n 24 Shreveport 10 
Sacramento 3L Saskatchewon *7 











A<*«-er Whei weiwmrtabidSie Mini ugdne— 



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Page 13 




Key Wins 16th Game, in Yankees 11th Straight Over Indians 

The Assaattud Prc& 

BARCELONA —Jeff Jaeger 
kicked a 39-yard field goal in 
overtime Sunday to give the Los 
Angefcs Raiders a 25-22 victory 
over the Denver Broooos in an 
American Bowl preseason game 
Jaeger, who beat the Broncos 
with game-winning kicks twice 
during the regular season last 
year, converted with 9:27 left 

on the dock on the 10th play of 

the opening drive of the extra 

The game, played before the 
smallest American Bowl crowd 
since the series began in 198^ 
featured three 2-point conver- 
sion attempts as both coaches* 
experimented freely with the 
National FootbalTs new rule. 

Denver rookie Derrick Clark, 
an undrafted free agent out of 
Evangd College, scored his sec- 
ond touchdown of the game on 
a 2-yard rim with 1:52 to play to 
send the game into overtime. 

The score capped a 13-play, 
76-yard drive keyed by a 45- 
yard pass interference penalty 
against a Los Angeles reserve 
comerback, Dan Land. The 
Denver coach, Wade Phillips, 
who had gone for the 2-point 
conversion twice without suc- 
cess, opted to kick it this time; to 
tie the score at 22-22. 

The Broncos had a chance to 
win in regulation when fourth- 
string quarterback Hugh Mfl- 
Ien, who led the game-tying 
drive, got the Broncos to the 
Raider 39 in the waning sec- 
onds, but Jason Flam shank ed 
what would have been a career- 
57-yard field goal attempt 
. four seconds to play. 

The game, the 20th m the 
American Bowl series and dm 
second to be played in Barcelo- 
na, attracted 37,406 fans. The 
NFL said pregame ticket sales 
were roughly the same as for 
last year’s game, when a huge 
walk-up crowd boosted the at- 
tendance to 45,330. 

It was Los Angeles receiver 
James Jett’s second moment of 
gk» y at the Montjmc Olympic 
Stadium. He won a gold medal 
herein 1992 as a member of the 
U.S, Olympic 400-meter relay 

It was the third American 
^Bowi to go to overtime. • 

• The neat, warm and invit- 
ing homes tucked att»ad each 
comer near the Pro Football 
BaB of Faroe in Canton, Ohio, 
were decorated Saturday after- 

Tbc Aaocwai Pros Lofton in the first, and center 

Jimmy Key became the ma- fielder Benue Williams cut off 
jors* first 16-game winner, and Eddie Murray’s Hue-drive 10 
the Yankees continued their right center leading off the fifth, 
domination of Cleveland, beat- throwing Minray out attempting 
mg the Indians for the 1 1th to stretch it into a double. 

straight time Sunday, 4- 

m a 

4-1, m 

New Yoric, 

New York hasn't lost to 
Clev eland since Jim Abbott no- 
hit the Indians on Sept 4, 1993. 
Key (16-3) benefited from 
or double plays and two spar- 
msrve plays. The lef t- 

New York scored three times 
off Dennis Martinez in the first 
inning with the aid of a two-run 



kling defensive plays. 

hander had bom roughed up in 
his previous two outings, not 
held the Indians to six hits in 
eight innings. 

Bob Wickman got Albert 
Belle to hit a sacrifice fly with 
the bases loaded for the second 
out in ninth, and Steve Howe 
got the final out for Ins 15th 

New York has now wot 14 of 
its 17 games since the All-Star 
break and entered Sunday lead- 
ing second-place Baltimore by 
seven games in the AL East 

Paul O’Neill leaped to the top 
of the ti ght field wall to rob the 
Indians’ leadoff hitter Kenny 


Albert Belle. 

Martinez allowed four runs 

eighth with a solo homer, his 
10th, but first since June 16. 

Brewers 5, Red Sox 2: five 
Milwaukee pitchers combined 
an a seven-hitter as Milwaukee 
defeated Boston to continue 
their midseason run toward re- 

Jaime Navarro who entered 
the game in the second inning 
when starter Ricky Bones left 
with a strained right hip muscle, 
by left fielder allowed three hits in 4# innings 
and struck out five. 

Graeme Lloyd pitched 216 of 

York beat the visiting G eve- 
land Indians for the 10th con- 
secutive time, winning, 6-5, as 
Wade Boggs singled home Mike 
Gaflego with the go-ahead run 
in the sixth inning. Albert BcHc 
hit his 35th homer and ninth in 
12 games for the Indians, who 
are 0-8 against the Yankees this 
season - 

Tigers 14, Athletics 2: Chad 
Kreuter tied a major League re- 
cord with three sacrifice flies, 
and Milt Cuyier went 3-for-4 
with a home run as Detroit beat 

doubled to open the Yankees’ 

Boggs, O'Neill and Danny 
TartabuH singled in succession 
with one out in the first and 
Boggs scored on Tartabull’s hit 

Don Mattingly then dropped 
a single in short left. O’Neill 
hdd up between second and 
third to see if the ball would be 
caught, and when it dropped. 
Belle’s throw to third sailed into 
the Indians dugout, allowing 
O’Neil] and TartabuH to score. 

Boggs led off the Yankees 


The Brewers, who benefitted 
from 13 walks, have won five of 
six and are 11-6 since the All- 
Star break, moving within four 
games of .500 at 50-54. 

Jody Reed, a former Red Sox 
player who bit a three-run 
homer on Saturday in a 5-1 Mil- 
waukee victory, had the big hit 
again Sunday. He blooped a 
two-run single over a drawn-in 
infield in the sixth. 

Yankees 6, Indians 5: New 

and the first since Toronto's 
George BcD did it on Aug. 14, 
1990, against Chicago. 

Bremers 5, Red Sox 1: In 
Boston, Cal Eldred allowed four 
tuts in six innings to outdnd 
Roger Clemens as the Brewers 
wot for the seventh time in their 
last nine road games. John Jaha 
led off the fourth with his 1 1th 
homer and Jody Reed hit a 
three-run shot in the eighth. 

Wlate Sox 4, Mariners 2: In 
Chicago, Jack McDowell 
a five-hitter and Frank 

Thomas hit his 36th homer as 
the White Sox defeated Seattle 
to move one game ahead of 
Cleveland in toe AL Central. 
The loss was the sixth straight 
for the Mariners. 

Orioles 7, Bine Jays 5: Leo 
Gomez homered in a three-run 
seventh as Baltimore collected 
IS hits to win at home against 
Toronto. Harold Baines also ho- 
rn ered for the Orioles, who 
snapped a four-game losing 
streak. Joe Carter and Devon 
White hit home runs for the Blue 

Roy ids 5, Twins 4: Brent 
Mayne angled home pinch-run- 
ner Vince Coleman with one out 
in the 11th inning to give K qfiqng . 
Gty the victory over visiting 

Bob Hamdin led off the 11th 
with a single and moved to sec- 
ond on Felix Jose's single off 
Mark Guthrie. 

Angels 14, Rangers 4: In Ar- 
lington, Texas, Chili Davis bo- 
mened twice, Gist with the bases 
loaded, then with one on. and 
drove in a career-high seven runs 
as Calif ornia stopped an eight- 
game losing: 

Blauser’s Bat Helps Atlanta Beat the Phillies, 9-5 

Putrid Magyi'i^pmr rwwfl oif 

Neither a fan nor catcher Charfie CYBrien couId catch Hus 
find ball, aUe Ae Braves let another game slip away. 

The Associated Press • 

Jeff Mauser had three hits, 
scored twice and knocked in the 
go-ahead run Sunday as the At- 
lanta Braves came from behind 
to beat the visiting Philadelphia 
Phillies, 9-5. 

Atlanta’s bullpen, which 
blew a 2-1 ninth inning lead 
Saturday when the Phillies 
scored four runs to win, came 
through with 5% innings of two- 
hit relief after starter John 
Smoltz allowed seven hits and 
all five runs in 316 innings. 

Despite the victory, the 
Braves have won only six of 
their last 14 games. The Phillies, 
who dropped two of three 
games to Atlanta, went 4-2 on 
their six-game road trip. 

Mickey Morandinl was 4-for- 
4 and drove in two runs for the 

Tony Tarasoo and Blauser 
each had run-scoring singles in 
a two-run fourth Tnnmg to put 
the Braves ahead, 6-5, against 
Ben Rivera. Blauser also scored 
in a two-run first inning after 
doubling and scoring on Fred 

McGrifTs single off starter Da- 
vid West’s leg. 

The Braves scored a pair of 
runs in the third inning on a 
sacrifice fly by McGriff and 
David Justice’s RBI single off 
West, who left after 2 % innings. 

Justice had an RBI single in 


the seventh, scoring Blauser, 
who had tripled, as Atlanta 
added three runs. The other two 
runs came in when Charlie 
O’Brien bounced into a bases- 
loaded force, and shortstop Ke- 
vin Stocker threw wild to first 
for an error. 

Morandini singled in two 
runs in the second and Jim Ei- 
senreich added a sacrifice fly. 

Mets 6, Pirates 4: In Pitts- 
burgh, Jeromy Burnitz singled 
in the go-ahead run in a four- 
run ninth inning against Mike 
Dyer and New Yoric rallied to 
brat the Pirates. 

Dyer came on to preserve a 4- 
2 lead, but retired only one of 
eight batters he faced in the 
ninth as the Mets won for only 

the fourth time in 47 times they 
have trailed after right innings. 
New York has won five of six 

Dyer, trying for his fifth save, 
got Ryan Thompson to pop out, 
but walked David Segui and al- 
lowed Rico Brogna’s single, his 
third hit, ahead of pinch-hitter 
Todd Hundley’s RBI double. 

After Jose Vizcaino was in- 
tentionally walked to load the 
bases, Dyer hit Kelly Stinnett 
with a pilch that scored the ty- 
ing run, and Burnitz’s single put 
the Mets up 5-4. Bobby Bonilla 
walked to force in the fourth 
run of the inning. 

Pittsburgh had gone ahead 4-2 
in a two-run seventh started by 
consecutive triples by Gary Var- 
sho and Carlos Garcia. MIdre 
Cummings also hit a two-run 
homer, his first in the majors. 

In games played Saturday; 

PfaaHes 5, Braves 2z In At- 
lanta, Lenny Dykstra hit a two- 
run triple 10 highlight a four- 
run rally in the ninth that gave 
Philadelphia a 5-2 victory over 

The Ph3Hes battered reliever 
Greg McMichael for four 
straight hits in the ninth to send 
the Braves to their eighth loss in 
13 games. 

Giants 6, Rockies 4: Mark 
Portugal, who pitched right in- 
nings, also hit a two-nm double 
while Darryl Strawberry dou- 
bled and homered as the San 
Francisco, playing at home, 
kept pace in the NL West by 
defeating Colorado. 

Pirates 3, Mets 2: Pinch-hit- 
ter Lloyd McClendon singled 
over a five-man infield with the 
bases loaded and no outs in the 
10th inning after Carlos Garcia 
doubled and Roger Mason 
walked Jay Bell to give the Pi- 
rates the victory over visiting 
New York. 

Expos 7, Martins 3: In Mi- 
ami, Sean Berry drove in the go- 
ahead run in the seventh and hit 
a three-run triple in the ninth, 
as Montreal defeated Florida. 
The first-place Expos have won 
10 of thrir last 11 toopena3<6- 
game lead over the Atlanta 
Braves. Rondel! White and 

Grissom homered for 


Cardinals 10, Cubs 7: Gregg 
Jefferies hit a two-run homer as 
Bob Tewksbury and Sl Louis, 
playing at home, snapped los- 
ing streaks, by downing Chica- 
go. Jefferies had three hits, in- 
cluding his 11th homer, as the 
Cardinals stopped a six-game 
losing streak. 

Dodgers 6, Astros 1: In Los 
Angeles, Henry Rodriguez end- 
ed an 0-for-20 slump with a tie- 
breaking double and two RBIs. 
After going 3-10 on their first 
road trip following the All-Star 
break, the Dodgers have 
opened thrir homes tand with 
two victories. 

Reds 7, Padres 6: Brian 
Hunter hit a two-run homer in 
the ninth innin g to lift Cincin- 
nati over San Diego and keep 
the Reds in first place in the N L 
Central. Pinch-hitter Jacob 
Brumfield led off the ninth with 
a walk off Pedro Martinez. Tre- 
vor Hoffman relieved and 
struck out Brian Dorsett before 
Hunter, hit an 0-2 pitch over the 
wall in left-center. 

Honda State Suspends 4 for Buying Spree 

streets as this ft 
town celebrated its annua l drift- 
ing moment — the induction 
cerem o nies, reserved far only 
the greatest to ere* piny the 

7 ' -By Robert McG. Thomas Jr. 

New York Times Sender 

NEW YORK — As conference commission- 
era bega? wtigteng bids that could bring college 
Gian $50 a 

continue to meet in the Rose Bowl under a 
contract running through the 2000 season. 

Under the alliance plan, which is to take effect 
for the 1995 season, the three designated bowls 
win rotate holding a putative national champi- 
onship game on Jan. 2 each year. 

After the Jan. 2 bowl makes the first two 

Tins timejfc ww an ™- — - - — — «w 

backs Tony Dorsett and **** j 0 ?* 0 **” selections, the Jan. 1 bowl would have the third 

and fifth picks and (he Dec. 31 bowl the fourth 
and sixth. 

A day after the nine bowls made thrir presen- 
tations, Gene Corrigan, the Atlantic Coast Con- 

Kelly, tight end Jackie Si^ ^ WBtffnaiiceddiopp^ spree last year, 
linebacker Randy White, cor*' _ > The two developments pointed up the eco- 
nerback Jimmy Johnson and; JnooEtc anoio^es of a mnltibfllioQ-doflar bnsi- 
Btid Grant, the former coadh of nesstaftonpW^banxdirom receiving more 

than their 

the Minnesota Vikings, Who 
joined football's Special fold. 

Bach man spoke of the magic of 

the moment. ' 

Each talked about the tre- 
mendous emotion involved. 
And nearly each one of them 
Showed that once you make the 
hall, that once you have, a 
bronze statue in your likeness 

placed here that will laid forev- 
er, then, indeed, it is a time for 
Brown men 10 cry... . • 

* (AP.NTT) 

ference commissioner who serves as the alliance 
chairman, said Friday that the commissioners 
would consult with member schools before com- 

' There seemed to be no limits in Dallas; where 
Ttinf! bowls backed by corporate sponsors and . . 1 ...u- 

television networks submitted big-money bids *“8 **> a d ®^ sk ®» 

for designation as one of the three bowl games , Mamwhfl^ Talbot D’Alemberte, the prea- 
thc Coflege Football Bowl Alliance hopes will d®* 11 Florida State, was announcing that Der- 
Titov nek Brooks, an all-America hnebacker, and tad- 

aormnaiepost season pmy. back Tiger McMHlon had been suspended for 

The oqguijzca oy agm nsgor co raCT - £be two games this season for their part in a 

cnees p mx Natre^l)amc,j>ians jjg? sporting goods shopping spree financed by 

premia bowls, wtaefa wffl virtually be guaran- yean 

teed anmialgamesurrolvnig the six top teams in ^offensive guard Patrick McNeil was suspend- 
the nation. cd for three games and offensive tackle Forrest 

But the Big Ten and Pacific-10 champions will Conoly was suspended indefinitely. 

That Old NFL Spirit Lives On, in Spain 

By Steve Springer 

Lae Axgetet Tima Savoe 

BARCELONA — The Wow knocked 

taBrirtg . Coll had his friends cm the beach, 
playing seven on seven. 

~We didn't use any pads or anything,” 

Tim football/soccer comparisons that 
went going on in the United States this 
summer as a result of the World Cup 

pain. He was in heaven. 

COB had played soccer 7 

standable because he had grown up in 
Spain. But then he got a dme to %ov> 
another part of the world, and his own 
world was never the same. 

Coll went to the United States for one 
lasan exchange student, 

_ teeth flying. _ 

Once bis friends caught some of Coil’s 
f grtinsiMm, they inquired about buying 
football -equipment from America. They 
spent aboot$400 each on shoulder pads 
anda9xHrt$2MOThehnris. - # 

CoD and his friends proved to be m the 
vanguard of a movrinent that was growing 

'Many of the young 
people like American 
football because ti is so 

Jfnndo Deportrro 

winding up i& Texas near 
Much as soccer is the closest thmg to 
religion in Europe, sodiis the 

in Texas. Only m Texas, it’s not as 

easy to distinguish between the two. 

different. TTiey are getting 

naturally, made him alridwr^No problem 0 £ goccer.* 

for CcXL But also, no satisfaction. urea. 01 soccer. 

“I want to hit and get tat, be said. 

So with sly smUes on their faces, the 

““JEWESS SB^ 3 gJSa!S*.^ iB! -- 3 .-' S ;; wafagwithyounsplayas. to years *go, r Pg,J*optoyed to ite logons (he 
into the wodd of toMball, ercn thoogh Vet teKcanie toSpfiin and tomed the Cntume.Bttlmspartm tiyoutst QreEyi 
SSrtaSuwrc dan six years ago. Badalona Drag. foolM squwL Today, to^Ontterolff.Buiwmfangtothe 

It iook pace teolMB is higger than ever in Spam. There Raiders exposed hnn m iht huge gap bo- 

^raMWtoyaroJmgnsc^, ^ pia^gTin mo tween the talentlevd of the Dragons and 

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^■MOnUw^dointwore^ Wland^- suletoes. 

will ever overtake soccer here, much as no 
(me in America would predict that the 
World Cup would ever overshadow the 
Super Bowl But modi as there is a feeling 
that the two sports can coexist in America, 
«trih is the sentiment here as wefi. 

“There is a refusal by the older people to 
• interested in American football, says 
Cubero, a reporter for El Mundo 
a S panish sports newspaper. 
____ are addicted to soccer. But many of 
(he young people like American football 
because it is so different. They are getting 
tired of soccer.” 

The first year, the Dragons averaged 
about 28,000 a game. The second season, 
that figure grew to 32,000. This time 
around, they are hoping to average about 
35,000 in 54,000-seat Montjuic Stadium. 

Acoofdmg to Rafael Gervera, who wiH 
work in the from office for the reincarnated 
Dragons, "About 35 percent Eked the hard- 
hitting and the long bombs. And the other 



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A Choral Director’s Long Road to France 


By David Stevens 

fnurnatloml Herald Tnfrvne 

P ARIS— Robert Shaw is a singular 
musical phenomenon, a product 
of two essentially amateur and mainly 
American traditions — the college 
gee club and the Protestant church 
choir — who rose to the top of the 
conducting profession, a club still 
dominated by Europeans or Europe- 
an-trained musicians. 

Shaw retired in 1988 after 21 years 
as music director of the Atlanta Sym- 

phony Orchestra and Chorus, groups 
that he had built into maior U. S. 

that he had built into major U. S. 
ensembles. Then, at age 72, he started 
the Robert Shaw Festival, which is 
supported by the Robert Shaw Insti- 
tute and an association called Les 
■Amis de Robert Shaw. 

The festival, in July, is really a 
school for choral conductors — an 
amalgam of master classes, concerts 
and recording sessions. Based in Gra- 
mat, in the Quercy region of south- 
west France, its performances are giv- 
en in churches in the area, some of 
them historic sites, like the abbey 
church at Souiilac and the Saint-Sau- 
veur Basilica at Rocamadour. 

This year the repertory was entirely 
20th century, ranging from Faure. 
Hindemith and Schoenberg to ex- 
cerpts from Gershwin’s “Porgy and 
Bess,” and including such up-to-date 
names as Henryk Gorecki. Arvo Part 
and John Corigtiano. 

Candidates are auditioned every 
year because they are the voices for 
the performances and recordings, 
made for the Telarc label in the 20th- 
century Saint-Pierre Church in Gra- 
mat. About 60 are chosen each year — 
mostly American, although there is no 
restriction by nationality — and come 
to Gramat with travel and basic ex- 
penses paid, thanks largdy to support 
by three major U. S. schools, the Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeles. 
Ohio State University and Boston 
University. In return. “I put in time at 
the schools.” Shaw explained. 

The road to Quercy began in 1937 
at Pomona College, a small but promi- 
nent liberal arts school in Claremont, 
California, where Shaw’s vocation was 
thrust on him. The son and grandson 
of clergymen, he was studying toward 
perhaps becoming a teacher of com- 
parative religion, but he was also a 
student replacement for the ailing di- 
rector of the college glee club. 

As sometimes happens on well- 
ruanicured Southern California cam- 

After retirement, Robert Shaw started a festival in France. 

puses, a movie was being made — 
“Varsity Show." starring Did' Powell 

in bis crooning days, with Busby 
Berkeley doing his production num- 

Berkeley doing his production num- 
bers, and featuring Fred Waring and 
His Pennsylvanians, a highly popular 
radio ensemble. 

“Waring heard the glee club and 
was impressed.” Shaw recalled. “Ac- 
tually, the tradition was so good at 
Pomona that no student could kill it in 

Victor Chorale. In effect he was the 
head of a large, flexible army of choral 
ringers, and for a while simultaneous- 
ly director of the choral departments 
of the Juilliard School and the Berk- 
shire Music Center at Tanglewood. 

Shaw is amused ai having made an 
impact on the language by his use of 
the word “chorale.” 

just one year.” In any case. Waring 
asked Shaw to come to New York and 

asked Shaw to come to New York and 
organize what became the Fred War- 
ing Glee Club. “At the end of 1938 we 
advertised for members of a male 
chorus. Times were still hard, and we 
got 750 applications, some of them 
Ph-D.s and MAs in music. The audi- 
tions lasted set weeks.” 

la less than a decade, Shaw became 
the magnate of a kind of choral indus- 
try. He founded the Collegiate Cho- 

rale, a pool of 200 or so amateurs, so- 
named because it was originally based 
at Norman Vincent Pcale’s Marble 
Collegiate Church; the Robert Shaw 
Chorale, a professional group of 30 to 
40 voices that continued under his 
direction until 1966. and the RCA 

“Of course it’s a misnomer. A cho- 
rale is a certain kind of music, by Bach 
for instance. But it caught on and now 
some dictionaries also define it as ‘a 
group formed to sing such musk’" 

In the midsL of this, Arturo Tosca- 
nini called on his services, at first for 
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, then to 
prepare the chorus for his broadcasts 
with the NBC Symphony, including 
the Verdi and Puccini operas. 

“Toscanini was a doll to work 
with,” Shaw said, using a word not 
many would apply to the fiery Italian. 
“Of course, there were tantrums.” he 
conceded. “But there were two major 
compensations. First, he was never 
sorry for himself, only for the compos- 
er. Second, be had the innocence of a 
child. He was possessed.” 

In 1953 Shaw turned to the orches- 
tral repertory as director of the San 
Diego Symphony, before being sum- 
moned three years later by another 
tyrant of the podium. George Szell . 
asked him “to build a chorus to match 
the Gevdand Orchestra," and be as- 
sociate conductor. Is his first year in 
Gevdand he conducted 85 concerts, 
as much for the orchestra’s highly de- 
veloped youth program as for the ex- 
pansion of the choral repertory. 

“There was a vast amount of the 
literature that I hadn’t done,” Shaw 
said, and he had the chance to do it in 
Cleveland- Bui Shaw asked Szell to 
conduct Beethoven’s Missa Sole mn is 
and Verdi's Requiem himself, so he 
could profit by observation. 

After a decade in Gevdand came 
Atlanta, a city and an orchestra that 
were ready to move. He took over an 
orchestra that was “partly amateur, 
everyone had two jobs," and took it 
into the major league with a budget 
that grew from 5250,000 to 515 mil- 
lion. He created a chorus early on, and 
Ms choral background gave Atlanta 
access to a wide repertory. When the 
Atlantans came to Europe in 1988, Ms 
final season, it was the first American 
orchestra to make the Continental 
tour with its own chorus. 

The attraction to Quercy had many 
sources. Shaw’s wife, Caroline, is a 
specialist in Roman architecture of 
the smith of France. He had been 
introduced to the Rocamadour basili- 
ca by Francis Poulenc, the composer, 
who had a close attachment to- the site. 
The Shaws have a home in the area, at 
Couzou, whose mayor is on the board 
of the Amis de Robert Shaw. 

“We liked the area and the dry 
dimate. We visited all die churches. 
They have fabulous acoustics, suitable 
for the great choral literature, whereas 
most conceit halls in the United States 
are multipurpose auditoriums.” 

Not surprisingly, Shaw has a way of 
dropping asides about acoustics. 

In the three domes of the church at 
Souiilac, he said, sometimes the music 
goes on resonating “after you have 
moved on to something else.” At the 
Theatre du Chatelet in Paris, he re- 
called, the Atlanta orchestra was on 
the apron in front of the proscenium 
and the chorus on the stage behind it 
— “it was like conducting a concert in 
two rooms.” London’s ultra-dry 
Queen Elizabeth Hall, he said, 
“doesn’t really participate; ifs like 
playing on a bad instrument.” 

latte Culture 

By Jim Frederick 

N EW YORK— When life was much simpler. “Jgj* 5 Sand a Sail foam cap, producing 
coffee was just coffee (milk and sugar being coothina beverage- A triple short cop- 

optional) and a bar was a bar (you know, where is shots of 

they serve liquor). Now that nothing is simple P* —a cup with the Htover volume 

j . 1 _ CSonaao ui a- ”*x . . _ . nun. 

they serve uquorj. now mat nouung is snnpic r— — ■ ^ with the leuorcr voiujuc 

and establishments known as coffee bars have L VmwWv eoual parts ten and milk, 

spawned & caffe latte culture, replete with literary JmoMpundief caffeine, 

journals, you are supposed to know the various n^SffemSed coffee is often called unleaded. 

kinds of 

coffee concoctions, what to call them 

^«o order tta* ' ' gS ££ most coffee 

Cat inctttnpA vrm nnn t nut vnllr in Jn vrair M rr«n^ ic a druc_ ana 


For instance, yon don’t just walk into, your . ^ fa* that caffeine is a drug, and 

neighborhood coffee bar and ask for a medium ^ relebrate to the fullest their status as the 
cappuccino with lots of skim mflkand not so of ^ America's socially accept- 

much foam. That’s like asking a bartender for a vice. 

couple of shots of cold gmandvermonth with an H;o > w . clane nuadroole-shot drinks occupy a 

olive served in a f unny-d»ped glass. “Ob,” youTl o^m£y menu boards. They are 

be corrected, “you want a skinny tad latte. “tire sludgehammer," “the 

Feel like having a big decaffeinated espresso ^ ^balance chaser,” “ihe mud 

with tots of milk and no foam? hi java jive, that’s sweepei ^ «tfce velvet hammer.” StiB, if 
an unleaded grande latte withouL If you prefer a VO uWrvihg to cul down on your caffeine intake 
chocolate cappuccino without whipped cream or ££ doa ^u, t lo go cold turkey, you can «t a 

without. If for some perverse reason you crave a xUzf . referring, in a sense, not only to a coffee 
small icod imago coffee with one shot of normal -a identity crisis but also to the patron, who 
coffee and one shot of decaf, skim milk , and a fan ^ make up his or her mind. 

amo unt of foam to go, you ask for an iced short P 

***+.«* "<* AnvttogwiAskunrflkiscaUeda.fa^-. 

word, undoubtedly, with a good, healthy conno: 

Since the average bar can create thousands of ration- But decadence rears its head when a drink 
drink variations, tote Kngo acts as a kmd of verbal tha t includes both decaf and slrim milk is rou- 
shorthand that brings some sense of order to an tindy called a no-fun or why-bother. An unleaded 
otherwise vast and complex body of information, has had a lot of nasty, heart-racing, ar- 

f* all knilr Antun In fmMinnnc /all TtaKo-nT flnrt nlnnmnn mmlr rilton nut nf if hilt. AS itSOfher 

jdruple grande whole- 
:te syrup and extra 

cream" is am pama, meaning “with fat.”) Oh 
yeah, do you want any of this to go? Then ask for 
it on wheels, on a leash, with legs or with wings. 

you want the drink further modified. Steamed coffee bar’s name for a quadruple grande whde- 
milk and espresso shots are the baric compo- milk latte with chocolate syrup and extra 
nents of most concoctions and, in increasing whipped cream. (By the way, “with whipped 
order of milk contest, they are named espresso, cream" is am pama, meaning “with fat-”) Oh 
macchi&to, cappuccino and latte. yeah, do you want any of this to go? Then ask for 

Es p r ess o is a shot of hot black coffee served it on wheels, on a leash, with tegs or with w ings. 
immediately after preparing. Macddato is an Whatif yon can’t be bothered by such arcana 
espresso shot with just a touch of milk (the and all you want is a regular coffee. Be fore- 
Ftaliaa verb macchiare means “to stain, to mark warned. The mere mention of the word “regular? 
or to dirty with a blemish”). A cappuccino is an has been known to throw baristas into fits of 
espresso mixed with a generous dose of steamed frustrated rage, because “regular" means 
milk and topped with a large foam cap. Ixate is a “Mack” in Chi cago, “with milk” in Boston, “with 
clipped Americanization erf caffe latte, winch milk and sugar” m Rhode I s l a nd and just about 
means “coffee with milk." Gaffe latte is a family . anything in New York. Professionals adept at 

What if yon can’t be bothered by such arcana 
and all you want is a regular coffee. Be fore- 
warned. The mere mention of the word “regular” 
has been known to throw baristas into fits of 
frustrated rage, because “regular” means 
“Mac*” in Chicago, “with zniHc" in Boston, “with 
milk and sugai^ m Rhode Island and just about . 
anything in New York. Professionals adept at 

means “coffee with milk." Caffe latte is a family . anything in New Yak. Professionals adept at 
drink in'ltaly, and if you order a latte at an handling orders like a grande con panna on a leash 
Italian bar, the barista (or bartender) will proba- have been known to exclaim, their patience sore- 

IUU1AU tnu, Ulv L/W \V1 CAUIVUViW f ** Uft IUIIW VWUU ■■ ^ w ■■■ B ' 

bly give you a very strange look and offer up aly tried: “What do you mem — a 

tall glass of steamed milk. In America, however, 

lattr is the classic coffee bar drink. Jim Frederick is a writer living in New York 

□ WUham Safire is on vacation. 

Cap sizes, caffeine, mSk-fat content and other 
variables enable you to fine-tune your Cup of joe. 
The cup sizes in a coffee bar are not “smaD,” 

“medium" and “large” but short, tad and grande; 
for no other reason, it seems, than that the words 
sound oooL You can also have a single, double or 



Appears an Page 13 




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North America 

II Hill be rather hoi and 
muggy over the Allan!*: 
Seaboard, lower Great 
Lakes and SI Lawrence 
River Valley. In most cnk». 8 
will thundershower once or 
twice. Hil-or-mtSS downpours 
will roam the Southeasi 
USX. Onshore breezes will 
cool Ihe coasi from San 
Diego lo Vancouver. 


Scattered showers and tfiwi- 
derdoirns wll tame the heal 
somewhat horn souinern 
ScantSnavia to the Alps and 
southwestern France There 
w8l sail be instances of 35- 
degree heat from eastern 
Germany lo Hungary and 
Poland. Warm sun wiB me kj 
with a lew showers In wes- 
em France and U.K. 


Abnormal heal and drought 
wiQ persist pi Japan; it will be 
hoi and stoamy over much ol 
South Korea and northern 
China. Downpours left over 
tram Tropica] Storm Brendan 
may douse Seoul Tuesday 
Locally tonentia! reins will ha 
South China, the Pblippmes 
and Indochina 

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i Say _ l do' again 
6 March starter 
a Diplomatic skills 

14 Dwelling place 

15 UN. member 
1C Honolulu hello 
1 ? Scrabble. 

anagrams, etc. 
is Bottoms of 

20 Disney dog 

21 House of Lords 

22 Mosque chiefs 

23 Ave. crossera 

24 Tve been 

25 City on the 

27 Ear cleaner 

28 race 

(brushed first) 

M Lived 

33 Oaxaca waters 

35 Dictionaries and 

43 ‘The Sultan of 
Sulu' author 

44 Crooner 

45 Jokester's 

44 Nightclub bits 
«rTncia Nhcon 

37 Organic soil 

38 Subject of this 

48 New Deal org. 
31 Move furtively 
54 Barely open 

39 Lockup 

4 0 Preambles 

4 * "You Have 

to Be So Nice' 

Solution to Pusde of July 29 

North America 

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Latin America 










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58 Bewail 

57 Start ol the 

58 Some of them 
are famous 

eo Not in the 


e« Prayer word 
82 — — nous 
S3 Ex-baseball 
64 Light tens 
as Lucy's landlady 

s BA or Ph.D. 
b Like August 

7 Client 
a Computer 
access codes 
9 City vehicle 

10 Battle depicted 
in "The Last 

11 Hip joint . 

12 Not us 

13 Freshness 

is Ooiddy: Abbr. 

24 Towel word 

*8 Connectors 


29 Circumlocutory 

as Previn 0 / so Photographer 53 the finish 

Kostefarat* •' Adam* ssA/Huthrt 

« Masher's 

47 Dak jockey oomeuppanoa ss- — Blanc 

* a " tn ' . szPotdtco Clare , • 

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1 Singer Lou 

2 Enemy vessel 
3 T H I S 

4 Whirlpool 

ao Poet laureate.. 

ai Similar 

32 Mil. officer 

33 Romeo 

3« Well-mannered 
3» Incoherent 


38 Off Broadway 

38 Is obstinate. ' 

41 More erratic 

42 Humanitarian 

45 Where a cruise 

PloericbrrtMnMi W. ScMw 

.© New Yorh Times Edited by Will Shortz 

Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 

ABST Access Numbers. . 

How to ail around the world. 

L Using die chan below, find th e axmny you are calling Errac. 

2. Dal the comsspooding /Q3ZT Access Number. ■-•••.. - 

3. An ABffEn^WMpoddogOpQntDr or voce pfbmpt will ask Ibr the phone nuotber you wish to call or connect xxju too 

customer service representative. 

Toraoreywrfrar WifletcaTOaf 

tfaecountryyotrtielnandaskfofCustomer S ervlce. 





BOOmi Macedonia, F.YA of 99-8004288 Ecuador 

0800-890-110 BSakadorti 

0039-111 Netfaeriands* 

009-11 Norway 

BnWjUl Gnyanar** 


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