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L>Vi L)> liS^> I 



INTESNATIONAL 





PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 





Paris, Moi^ay, August S, 1994 


No. 34,661 





VPbrldEco^^ Race 


Collapse of Ivcny Itream 

Trac^ to Y(^jis of Ppliciesy 


By Steve CoH . J . 

Pegr Se n d ee . 

IvtByCoast 

ta thisjunglo-endosed dty, birteplace of 
Ac former president, HouphonSt- 
omgny, stand the 'monuments to ids" 
grandiose ambifioiis, both for bimsdf. 
and for Africa*s.'.econonuc future. 

In the 1960s' and 1970s, underbis ' 

hand and lifted, 'by French mvestment. 
and eayanding cash crop^ Ivoiians* per- 
sona] incomes soared. 

In Yamousspnlcro^ the newly dedaret^ : 
underpc^Ulated inland -caintal, no ex—- 
pease was^ ^Ntred on avenoes wide 
enough for jumbo jetSf.tfareeiuifirexsities,' 
the wodd*s largest Roinan Cat&ofic ba- 
silica (a replica — but on a fargcandCT' 
sc^e— '(^S l Peter's Ba^lica in Vatican.' 
CiQf) and a pre^dendal family pgiairie . 
guarded by-onoodles and stone walls 
m(ue than a niile aroiind. ' . 

Yamoukonkro was “the uhramodem 
prefiginadan ci the Africa of toinor- 
row,” exhoiled ahotd brochure fnnn the 
early 1980& • 

But iong before. Mr. .Houphon6t- 
Bc^y's death last December, the dream 
had begun to sour. Since 198ft persona! 
incoines in Ivory Coast have shrank fay a , 
staggering 50percedL Debt has soared to 
about $18 b^oai, leaving the country > 
with one of (he htfhttt rates perequta ■ 
dd»t in the wofj^ . 

And Yamoussoukro's' extravagsa^e, 


' &' li6m lEbie crowning ^mbol of- Mr. 
'OiibUpbbueirBoigny^ m today 
, have bem **a tetnble economic 

st^** raid Josi^h YaOb director of the 
Imn&ui Genter for Eemonue and SociaL 
.itesearch.. 

; ...v^^On^thebaacsetf ecohbhncsU 
. you': create brfore you' distribute,”, he 
■iadtod'. ‘*Xn-Atiic8, we started distribut-. 
ii^ and'£guxed we would create lalCT.” 

^'.Aaora.sBb-Sahaian Afcica,.mo!re.than 
two doaen oonhtiies and ’ *«« of mmifwis . 

• d( hopo v oished people are-psymg the 
price -for 'years of misdiFected invest- 
' ineat, unbalanced development, sqmm- 
deted'savixigSk govezmneat ww.qmflnag e- 
i^t'arri coowid^ in^^ve f(new 
aid pFOgcams^ zall^ oonnnodity paces 
and the farutri impei^ves oi a ^obal 
•epO D CWBy that is leaving Africa behmd 
.srinle it races toward the niegd criitury. 

To many A&icm econranists, pohti- 
dans and 'taisiziesazien, the' is 

especiaQy gaBmg because it has occurred 
..wp^ omerareas of the devdoinng worid 
‘have eiqianded econramcaifly, in some 
' cates rapidly: 

To an ovesrivfaeiming in^^ 
era econramsts atilendmg institutioDS 
such as the WMd ^nk; md to increas- 
mg . numbers of their 'A&ican counter-- 
pnts, the cause d this diqianty boils 

^ IVORY GOASrr, Page 4 


Bosziiari Serb Cbief Stiffens 



osevic 


Ready far Sum Sii^ 


By John Poiiifiet ■ 

PALE. B6siria^Hcm»w y -4^Bai^^ 
Karadzic, the 'Bosman Serbian leader^ re*.' 
sponding 10 . •Yugp^wa'a.rdOfSi^ of its 
border and a NATQair stoke, bas-Ordemd. 
the estabiuJiment d a cenopulKiiy war- 
time wotk.fm«!... ■ . 

“Our eaemies are enoomaged,” bfe. 
Karadric told Bosnian SeriHah. teleVi^n' 
Saturday n^L'”Now Moshmsairi.Choats 
are launchi^ offeiunres, and.iblATO is 
making it ea^ for them to attack.” 

He stressed that he.wa$ 'reaiifytD -|>r^ 
claim a state of war ifajoi^hout tte Bftsni- 
an Se^' sdf-dedaired rqriMic, wjth ra- 
lioning and a full mobOizatiori. 

”We have'to turn toward oursdires in 
the future,” he said. 

Mr. Karadzic's mote is parfty rotUed in 


Kfosk 


Algerian Le^ei* 
InPleatoFoes 

TUNIS (Renters) — Prime Minis- 
ter M^dad Sifi of Aigpriainvited he 
government’s Islanrist foes on Sundry 
10 hdp restore democracy to theu- 
country by enthn^ political violtede 
and h«tipmg organize new etecdons. 

Mr. Sifi’s remaiks, broadcast 
riers radio from a speedi to Aig^u .- 
UwmakeES, followed an upnzrge m 
partfcolazly. <m foreign ziar 

tionals. 

In Paris, police carried out exten- 
sive identic chedcs Sunday after fui- 
damentalists threatened rqnisals if 
France failed to free 17 suspected 
Muslim militants. (Page 5.) 

Up and 
Coming 

lVr//fam Gavge O'Cfiee 6 
Australia's youngest sendor» 

ard he has other distinct qtuUities, 

Chinese ' atd Iridi ancestors, 00 seem 

to make him onuBihiddy Sidled to he^ 

promote the comtrfs future /wte in 
Asia. Page 2. ' 

GMMnri Nwws 

Id no ctmiprmiusa.seein$ &k^- 
on the pr^ency issDC. . ~Pi^4 

A defector assertol that. Saudi Arabia 
tried to buy nuclear reactora 



Books 

Bridge 

Crossword 

Weather 


Fnge4^ 
Paged.- 
Page 1ft 
Page 1ft 


V the Bosnian Serbiao leadership’s dedsion 
,i^tOrde^ pressure froni Prerident Slobodrur 
-MBoseincA^^ Wtet to sxgn a 

peace fdan that Mr. has c^ed 

, The qionsored .1^ the- United 
* S^'^.Kusria, 

0 rr^:ivcNilid:&ve 51 piercrat.of Bosnia m a 
' Jb te a njtoU of idtamm and Croats. The 
Ss^’< te fQld hate to surrender about oach 
tmzd <rf^-iheir hbldii^(more than 70;per- 
:• cent.of the couhtiy). Tire fite powers' plan 
a&6 doues the Sdbsinterii&tiohal reco^si- 
‘ tion for tbw breakaway state, a key condi- 
t^ .fv thor righature oh' any peace plaiL 
' . The Sabs* '.raectron of tte plim has 
proDOpted the United. Nations Second 
Gouow to considte ways to tj^ten (he 
two-yeaiteld economto sanctiohs agrinst 
Serbian-doonnated Yugoshwia, the main 
pabtm.ctf the B(»nian Seibs..- 
. This, in 'turn has causdl Mr. Kfilosevic, 
the aidntect x^;the Serbian nadopaKst 
' stragrie'and piincqial qxmsoir of the Bos- 
nianSeib^ rebdlion, to riiut Yugoslavia's 
border with thdr bitekaway rqn^c, im- 
•tplying ihat.it'WOiild deny thtea fniiher 
. nllit^aid. Mr. MBosevic wants Bosnia's 
' 2S-n30w'war aided so the sanctions will 
be' lifted and 'Us government secure; 

- {Sn^ung ih. the Bosman c^iital, Sarq'e- 
vo, dimims faed as UN peacdceepers ex- 
'panded'patrtte,. and combat.elsewhere in 
Hr«ina tascd Sunday, The Associated 
Press ' jqKtft e d from Sanyeva Rustian 
peaedeetetes-werepatEoUfflg tire Seib-hdd 
Oifaa ri ca area d Sa^evo, when most of 
.Sm BOSNIA, Page 5 



Moiimc ( uivu/ Rcui,i% 


A LIFT FROM AMERICA — Tipper Gore, wife of AeU-S. vice president, boIcBi^ a Rwandan oridian Sunday at a 
rMiigee canq> near Goma, ZoireL Meamriule, tbe FeB^ orgaiuzafuMis find tbeffisdves faced iritfa a ^lemzna. P)^ 4. 


Retaliation 
For Rockets 
To Continue, 
Israel Warns 

Peres Sees Chrisiopher 

Afier HezboOahAUades 
And Reprisal Air Redds 

Con^UeS ty Our Staff Frani D0Bcku 

JERUSALEM — Foreign Minister Shi- 
mon Perte d Israel warniro Sunday ^t 
his country would continue to retaliate 
against rodeet attadcs from across the bor- 
der, saying after a meeting with Secretary 
of State Warren M. Christopher that “we 
aren't asked to stop it or change it.” 

Mr. Peres’s assertion, coupled with an 
apology for having caused dvilian deaths 
by an air raid into southern Lebanon, 
came against a backdrop of growing ten- 
sion in the area. 

Mr. Christopher, in the midst of another 
attempt to promote peace in ihe Middle 
East, urged all sides, including Jsrad, lo 
exercise restraint. 

”My main aim is to prevent this round 
of violence from cycling and causing dam- 
age to the peace process,” he said. 

Mr. Chnsu^ber later tra^wled to Da- 
mascus, where he met with the Syrian 
presideat, Hafez Assad. Mr. Chrisu^her 
said he expressed concern about pro-lrani- 
an extremists and discusse d “in detail” all 
elements of a possible peace with Israel. 

He said that the talks bad been construc- 
tive, and that “we're laying the basis for 
future progress.” 

On Saturday, two Israeli soldiers were 
killed and two others wounded in a clash 
with extremist Hezbollah guerrillas in the 
eastern sector of a security zone in souib- 
ern Letenon manned by Israeli-backed 
Lebanese militia units. A Hezbollah guer- 
rilla was killed in the dash. 

After the fight, Hezbollah, an Iranian- 
backed Islamic fundamentalist group sus- 
pected of responsibiljty for recent branb 
assaults gainst Jewish c^ces in Buenos 
Aires and London, fired mortar shells and 
rockets into the security zone and in west- 
ern Galilee in Israel 

Syria accused Israd of adding to the 
lensiou in southern Lebanon as a way to 
sa'Dotage Mr. Christopher's mission. 

“The smell of blood and the deliberate 
demoUiion d drilian homes ccaiJd never 
be a good prelude;” the govenunent news- 
paper, Al Tfaawra. said in an editoriaL 

The Israeli Air Force struck Hezbollah 
taigets on Thursday night, hitting a house 
and killing several civihaiis. Mr. Peres said 
Sunday tnai Israel bad not intended to 
harm civilians. “It is not our policy,” be 
said. “It was a nustake.” 

Despite Mr. Christopher's ^seal, a se- 
nior American <^ficial said, “Itie Israelis 
will respond as draunsiances oa the 
ground wamuiL” 

The offidal added, “The issue is not the 

See MIDEAST, Page 5 


U.S. and CaMro Spar Over Threat of Refugee Exodus 


CenfiU ty Oir 5t^ AmtOkpaicha 

■WASHINGTON — Hie Clinton ad- 
miaistration said Sunday that Pre&deat 
iMdd Castro of Cuba had apparently 
.backed off his threat to flood the United 
States with refugees. 

But an administration official said the 
White Hmue was workmg cn contingent' 
plans lo prevent a r^lay of the chaotic 
Marid boatfift of 19S 


Mr. Castro blamed the United States on 
Friday for encouraging unrest in Cuba, 
and threatened to ^ow free emi^ation, 
raising the ^>ecter of the 1980 crisis that 
dumped 125,000 refugees, including many 
criminals and mental patients, on the 
shores of southern Florid 
The Cuban newspaper Juventud Re- 
bdde smd Sund^ that 35 people, includ- 
ing 10 iMlice officers, had been injured in 
daises in Havana on Friday. The newspa- 


per said that “important groups” of those 
invedved were in detention. 

The White House chief of staff, Leon £. 
Panetta, sought Sunday to play down the 
poUtical unrest and voted that the adnun- 
istration would prevent another Mariel- 
Uke influx. 

“We've made very clear to Castro that 
be cannot dictate our immigratioD policy, 
and we will not accept the threats that he's 
made with regards to trying to re-create 


what happened in the Mariel escape,” Mr. 
Panetta said in a broadcast interview. 
Asked how the United Slates would re- 
spond to an exodus and whether Cubans 
would be turned back, Mr. Panetta said, “I 
don't ihink we have to face that right now 
because, frankly, things are calming down. 

“Castro has backed off of his threat,” be 
said. ”We do think that the rituation — 

See CUBA, Page 5 


Taiwan and Oiina Reach Accord on Return of Hijackers 


Ca0lldl:f.OirSii0FnmJk^nidia 

TAIPEI — In what was dteribed as a 
“mayor- breaLkthxoiigh.” n^otiatms for 
T!uten'mid.C3i^ ended ag^t'd^ of 
talks, on Sumlay with am agreement to 
rqpidriate^adtm andill^annimigFahts. 

- The-aocdid auoe m the sixth round 
.tallm' m a laborious process of detente 
between the two rival govenuaeois. Lead- 
ers of the two ddegations said both rides 
had nridved diflereDces'thax had blocked 
. ^rternent the repatiiatida item, as wdl 
on fishmg di^tes. . 

- ■ Previous Tomds talks on tl^ issues 
had foundered on differences -over sover- 


eignty and jurisdiction. China 1 
to acknowledge the jinisdictioo i 


has refused 
ofTaiwan- 

ese.dourts. 

The bzeakthroi^ came wboz China 
conceded Taiwan's donand that it IukI the 
ri^t to exdude some hyadeers from rep^ 
tnatioin if it deteni^^ they Imd vud 
po&titel or religious motives. Ouna had 
said that Taiwan did not have the legal 
authority to make such a decision. 

“You can say there has been a major 
breakthrougby” said Chiao Jen-ho, secre- 
lajy gehenl d Taiwan's quasi-t^flcial £x- 
duinM Foundatiot^ whid handles links 
witii Bening is the absence d official ties. 


“What is important is that we have 
reached consensus, whether sign sooner 
or later is not important,” Mr. Chi ao said 
at a jomt news conference after four days 
of with Tang Shubei, secretary-gaer- 
al of China's Ateociation for Rslations 
Across the Taiwan Straits. 

Both Mr. Tang and Mr. Chiao said they 
did not know when a final agreement on 
the issues would be signed, b^use th^ 
have to wait for approtei from their gov- 
ernments.' 

The talks between the private represen- 
tatives of the two governments were pre- 


ceded by four days of technical-level meet- 
ings. 

On the repatriation of illegal immi- 
grants, the two sides agreed that China 
must arrange to take thm back within 20 
days. If Coma failed to respond, Taiwan 
would summarily ship the offenders back 
to a Chinese port 

Other issues, mduding economic ques- 
tions that have emerged with the flood of 
Taiwanese trade and investment into Chi- 
na since rapprochement began in the late 
1980s, were put off for more detailed dis- 
cussions in a later round. f Reuters, AP) 


Nevrastand Pri^ i 

tdorro 9.66 FF Luxembourg SO L Fr 

iWtes n.20 FP MoracCO-«.«,H C» 

imeroon..1.400CFA Qotor AMRioIs 

ivpt E.P.RW Rftmion....njOFF 

•once .9.00 FP $oudiArnbin..9J00R. 

2bon «0 CFA- Senegal — MOCFA 

•eece jaoDr. 5pofn..-.-J00PTM 

ily ....2S00 L'ira Tuniaio .;..L000Din. 

)rv Coast .1.U0CFA . Turttey «T.I- 35,000 

rdon UJ\.E.i.JA50Dirh 

bonon 1..USS1.50 U.S; Wil. tfiur.) «.W 


Spain^s Draft Objectors Now Have Less to Object To 


By Alan Riding 

//or 7wft Ttma SerHee_ 

. MADRID — Alar^ that nearly 
-half of all young men in SpsauvAio are 
Nimble: fcx'lhedraft claim to be con^- 
■eotuKis o^ectots, the ^otemmdi has 
C ffli"* up with a poli^ aimed at making 
obRgatoiy militazy service teem less like, 
wdvob^^ticay militaiy sentee. ; 
Under the policy, draftees will work 

. .--t. 


they can dreumveot militaiy antbesities 
and. oon^hun diirectly to Spain's onir 
budsisan, $o-caIl« defender of the 
pemle. 

For Spain-s t(» brass, these are haidfy 
chaitps deseed to create a tou^ dti- 
zen's army. But if trends continue, they 
alte know, th^ may soon be witbout 
soldiers. 

ntis year, 90,000 young men, almost 
half d those ^gible for the draft, are 
expected to r^sta as consdentions ob- 


o^ Mraufay expected to rnista as coosaeations ob- 

— jec^ In l^, only 6.407 registered, 

wilhm 65.fal«ncie^(^^^ The Defense Mineiry would prefer 

bairacks,titeycaasIcepathome. If they 

are m imifonn but off duty, they need no 
longer salute officers. ... 

Mf tM tl^ have btet abused, 


simply to clamp down on tfaose clainang 
mom reasons to avoid tniliuixy serrioe, 
but it cannot Duz^ (he Franco dicta- 
torship, conscientious objectors were 


thrown in jail Today, thrir ri^ts are 
protecied under Spain's 1978 Constitu- 
tion. 

An alternative is to improve the image 
of the draft but this is also not easy. In 
recent years, wide publicity has 
given to draftees who have been victims 
d abuse and crurity. Many desert or go 
absent witbout leave, and last year 13 
ditftees ctxnmitted suicide. 

But it is only since 1990 that conscien- 
tious objection to military service has 
ranighi on. TlKse whomake the claim are 
supposed to cany out 1 3 months of riler- 
nanve social service, compared with 9 
months of military service for those 
drafted. . in practice, because the 
meehatiism for asrigping them to ho^i- 


tals or schools is inefficieat, most avoid 
any service. 

In Western Eurc^ only Gennany has 
a comparable rate of conscientious ob- 
jection. bat there the system has been 
institutionriized to the point that young 
men are virtually free to choose between 
12 months of military service and 15 
months of social service. 

In Spain, the got^erument has b^n a 
program to ensure that community ser- 
vice positioDS are found for those claim- 
ing to be conscientious objectors. It fai^ 
lieves that rithough a backlog of 130.000 
young men is waiting lo be placed, fewer 
will av^ the draft if thev know they will 
still bewailed up— and for 13 instead of 
9 months. 


Invasion by US. 
Inevkable, Says 
Haitian General 


By Jotin M. Goshko 

Washatgfon Pest Smke 

Washington — Haiti's military 
leader. Lieutenant General Raoul CMras, 
has dedared that a U.S.-led invasion of his 
country is ineritable and that President 
Bill Chnion will be responsible for the 
resulting bloodshed on both sides. 

“I don't think that any arrangement can 
be made to avoid an invasion of Haiti.” be 
said in a television interview Saturday 
from the Haitian capital, Port-au-IVince. 
*Tb^ have decided to invade, and we are 
awaiting the momeoL We are gening 
ready. As soldiers, we have sworn to de- 
fend our countty.” 

He added; “It will be up to the Oinion 
administration lo undertake the responsi- 
bility for each death caused by titat iova- 
rion. We leave them to confront thdr con- 
sciences.'' 

William H. Gray 3d, Mr. Clinton's q>e- 
dal ^viser for Haiti, agrred in a statute 
tderisioD interview that an invasion did 
seem inevitable if General CSdras and oth- 
er lead^ of the Haitian armed forces 
refused to surrender power. “We are on a 
collision course if they continue to refuse,” 
he said. 

However. Mr. Gray did not set a dead- 
line for wten the United States and its 
t^ies might seek military intervention. 

“I don't think it is the correct approach 

See HAITT, Page 5 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRDBDNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


** 


Australia’s ‘Boy Senator’ May Be Bridge to Future With Asia 



By Michael Richardson 

Iniemttionai HtraU Tnhuue 

CANBERRA — When William 
George O'Chee arrived in Parliament 
for the hr$t time to take his seat, a 
guard spotted the fresh*faced young 
mao with a schoolboy haircut strid> 
ing to the entrance of the Senate and 
shouted: "Oy, you! The tourist ea> 
trance is over there!" 

A press photographer intervened 
to confirm that Mr. O'Chee was in- 
deed a senator. 

That was in 1990, after Mr. 
O’Chee, then 24. had made political 

Up and 
Coming. 

An occasional series 
aboui the leaders of tomorrow. 

history by becoming the youn^t 
person to be elected to the Australian 
upper house. 

He has another distinction a$ well. 
He was, and still is, the only member 
of the Australian Parliament who has 
Chinese ancestors. His father is eth- 
nic Chinese and his mother’s roots 
are in Ireland. 

Mr. O'Chee. who prefers to be 
called Bill, went to Oxford Universi- 
ty and received an honors degree in 
law. He then went into merchant 
banking in Britain and Austndia, 
spedali^g in trading Latin Ameri- 
can debt. 

Along the way. he became Austra- 
lia's debating champion, placing 
fourth in the 1987 World Debating 
Championships. . 

At present, he is ranked 29ih in the 
world in the one-man bobsled event, 
an amateur sport known appropri- 
ately as **skeleton" racing b^use it 
involves riding a tubular steel frame 
sled headfirst down an ice channel 
along steeply banked curves at 
speeds of up to 1 33 miles (220 kilo- 
meters) an hour. 

**1 like speed," he said. “Once you 


have tried skeleton racing, it gets into 
your blood. When you stand at the 
lop of one of the bobsled runs in 
Europe and look down, you really 
team about strength, courage and 
what makes you tick." 

At Oxford, Mr. O’Chee "coxed” 
the universi^ lightweight crew and 
he still rows m Brisbane whenever he 
can. !t helps him keq> fit and strong 
for bobsleding, he said. 

Mr. O'Chee’s scbdasdc distinc- 
tion and his success in sports and 
politics reflect a growing prominent 
of Asian imnugranls in education, 
business and professions. 

The numbers of Asians in Austra- 
lia have grown rapidly in recent 
years. There are now a^t 800.()00 
in a population of nearly IS million. 
In 1948. there were only 8,000 in a 
population of 8 million. 

The govemment acted in 1966 to 
end a lonutanding White Australia 
Policy, which favored immigration 
from Europe. In the last few years. 
Asians have been the largest single 
group of immigrants;, accounting, for 
example, for 43 percrat of the 68,000 
settlers in the nnaociai year to June 
1993. 

Mr. O'Chee, 29 and unmarried, 
hopes that his presence in Parliament 
«iU encourage other Asian Austra- 
lians to enter federal politics and 
move into the top echelons of the 
bureaucracy and into senior manage- 
ment positions of the private sector. 

"But they have to to get in on their 
own ability." he said. “1 do not be- 
lieve in quotas. Australia must devel- 
op on the basis of being one countiy. 
where eveiybody is equal and there is 
no discritnination against or in favor 
of any group.” 

Some officials and businessmen in 
the region believe that opportuni^ 
for ethnic Asians to rise to top posi- 
tions will be the key to the campaign 
by Prime Minister Paul Keating' La- 
bor govemment for closer ties with 
Asia in trade, investment and other 
relations. 


Lee Kuan Yew, the senior minister 
of Singapore, predicted in Sydney 
earlier this year that “some more 
O’Chees” would emerge in Australia. 

Thoughtful Arians, he said, *‘be- 
lieve ^at it will be a better Aria, less 
xeuc^hobic, less radst, more broad- 
minded and cosmopolitan when 
Australians and New Zealanders b^ 
come part of the success stoiy of East 
Asia.” 

Mr. Lee said that this process 
would be slower if the imnu^ting 
Asians were employed only as spe- 
cialists, techno^ts or backroom 
staff. It will be faster, he added, "if 
they are part of the political, social, 
cultural, education, media and cor- 
porate establishmenL” 

When Australia, New Zealand and 
Canada became more like the United 
Stales, be said, an Aria-Pacific com- 
munity would develcm naturally. 

Mr. O’Chee’s granofather, a well- 
to-do landowner in China, arrived in 
Australia in the late 1930’s to escape 
J^anese military occimtion and 
ci^ war between die (Communists 
and the Nationalists. 

When he tried to eaplain is halting 
English that his name was Lau Au 
Gee, the dockside immigratiOD offi- 
cial impatiently wrote his riist name 
as Lau and his family name as 
O'Chee. 

This verrion has remained the 
family name. 

Bill O'Chee's father built tq) a 
transport, trading and retafling buri- 
oess based in Glen Innes, a town in 
the northem part of the state of New 
South Wales. The fatb^ moved to 
Brisbane, in C^eensland, in the 
19S0's and married Teresa O’Brien, 
an Irish Australian. 

When Bill O’Chee entered primary 
school in Brisbane, be was the only 
Eurasian among 300 students. It was, 
he recalled, “a little bit difficulL" 

While Mr. O’Chee is proud of both 
his Chinese and Irish roots, he insists 
that he is "Australian first and fore- 



CoSo T«mend/Rana» 

WflEam Geoi^ O'Oiee, 29, an 
Australian vMk links to Asians. 

most” “This is where I was bom and 
this is where 1 choose to live,’’ he 
said. 

Today, he is the whip — discipli- 
narian — in the Senate for the Na- 
tional Party, one of the two main 


opposiUon parties. 

Many anmysts expect the Labor 
government to be defeated in the 


next general elections, due 1996. 
(pinion surv^ show the two oppo- 
sition parties m a commandi^ 

The “Nationals,” v/bo draw most 
of their support from rural areas, 
would form a coalition govsnment 
wiA the larger Uboal I^rty, which 
has its stroi^holds in urban centers. 

Despite his youtii, political ana- 


lysts see Mr. O’Chee as a contender 
for a mudsterial position in any rol- 
ing coalitioiL 

“If drive, talent and ambition 
mean anything, he certainly should 
be c<m8idered,“said Peter Harvey^ 
news direcUM’ in Canberra for Na- 
tional Nine Network television. 
“H^s iiiMihlH. veiy smart, pragmatic 
and works hard.^ 

Tim Fischer, Padiament leader of 
the Nationals, shares that view. Mr. 
O'Chee, he srid, is "setting a crack- 
ing pace and nmiring a very strong 
and capable contribatiosL” 

Mr. O'Chee joiaed the National 
Party, r^arded as the most conserva- 
tive erf three mam parties, when 
he was 15. 

“A lot of people wiiingiB about 
thing s over bar stools but are not 
actually willing to get out tboe and 
do something to bring about 
diange^” he said. "I believe m getting 
<m and doing thejob. Hiat's what the 
National nity .stands for ” 

Mr. 0 *Qm 8 said that if Australia is 
to develop *^saximnm synergy*! with 
East Aria's rapidly growing econo- 
mies, it must stunnlate its own 
growth and sarings and bring taxes 
down. 

He wants tbe federal government 
to channd more mon^ to r^onal 
and rural devde^Mnent, partiaiaxly 
port^ railways, water storage and ir- 
rigation pFCgects for the north. 

“We say we want to do more busi- 
ness witii Smitheast Asia, but all our 
m^'or ports face east or south," he 
said. “We are only scraidung the 
surface of our potential as an export- 
er to Aria of iHoducts based on agri- 
ojlture and mining.” 

Mr. O’Chee supports closer rela- 
ticMis with the lands of Aria and has 
visited several Southeast Asian coun- 
tries this year. 

“It would do a lot of good if we 
had more people Asian descent 
who could fly the flag for Anstralia," 
he said. 


Domenico Modugno, ‘Volare’ Writer, Dies 


Tlr Jisociiited Prea 
ROME — Domenico Mo- 
dugno, 6^ whose “Volare" rose 
to the ic^ of the pop music 
charts in the United States in the 
late 1950s, died Saturday at his 
villa on the isl^d of Lampedusa. 
Medical personnel on the is- 


land, south of Sicily, said in an 
interview on RAl state televi- 
sion that he had collapsed on 
the beach and had presumably 
died of a heart attack. 

Other hit songs he wrote in- 
cluded “Ciao. Ciaa Bambina" 


and his Italian version of 
“Mack the Knife." In all, more 
than 60 million records of his 
song were sold worldwide. 

In 1987 be won a seat on the 
Radical Party ticket in the 
Chamber of Deputies. 


AIDS Meeting Forcing Japan 
To Face Up to Growing Peril 


DUTY FREE ADVISORY 


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draw. USS 14 Million v/on so 
far. In the world-famous Abu 
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ticket priced at USS138. Just 
1.200 tickets entered in each 
draw. Approximately 6 draws 


month. 


Available 


'exclusively to passengers 
travelling or transiting through 


Abu Dhabi Airport. Notification 
immediately by phone and by 
mail. Money paid in cash, by 
banker's cheque or directly 
into the winners bank account. 
USS14.0G0,000 hard cash. 
The easy way. 


Abu Dhabi 
Airport Duty Free 


By Andrew Pollack 

/few YeHc Tuna Senice 

YOKOHAMA, Japan — It 
might not seem unusual that 
’ToshSiiro Oishi, a 25-year-old 
gay man, is infected with the 
virus that causes AIDS. What 
makes Mr. Oishi unusual is that 
he is one of only four pi^le in 
J^an ever to have publicly ad- 
mitted being infected. 

“Most pec^le can't even tell 
their dose family members or 
neighbors." said Mr. Oisfai, ex- 
p lflTning that AIDS patients 
and virus carrieis in Japan fear 
discrimination, social ostracism 
and the loss of their jobs. Most 
hospitals in Japan refuse to 
treat pet^le infected with tbe 
virus, be said. 

But Mr. Oishi hopes thmg y 
are about to change. On Sun- 
day, the iOth International 
Conference on AIDS opened in 
this port dty outside Tol^. 
The conference is the m^'or an- 
nual gathering of scientists and 
others involv^ in research, pre- 
vention and treatment of the 
disease. 

This year's conference is the 
Hist to be hdd in Asia and wfll 
call attention to what health of- 
ficials call the "explosive” 
»read <A AIDS in places like 
Thailand and India. 

Asia is expected to have 10 
million infected people by the 
year 2000 and wiD bmme the 
center of the epidemic, surpass- 
ing Africa in the number ctf new 
infections each year, according 


WORLD BRIEFS 


to the World Health Organlza- taurants or 1^ cleaning thdr 
tion. rooms. The also printed 

But for Japan itselL an insu- 200,000 brochures about AIDS 
lar country that has had fewer and sent one to evexy 
than 800 reported cases of restaurant and shop in the vi- 
AIDS, tbe conference will mean dnity of the coovention center. 
comii« face to to with a dis- Experts say the raddence of 
ease many Japanese have ad 5§^ Japan is low because 
regarded as a problem only for the countiy is some«*ai iscAal- 
fora^^. ed and because drug abuse is 

Advo^tes for patterns rare. In addition, wiS the birth 
snA public health offiaals say control pffl banned for health 
th^ hope that^dic coirfere^ reasons, rondoms are the most 
wfll prove tq be a cat^yst for common method of birth con- 
change, showmg the Japanese 

that the di^ exists in thdr Experts say, howerer, that 
country ^d is spreading, wd the number of patients will con- 
fordng the govenu^t to im- tinuc to grow steadily, althoudi 
prove i^F^rams for preven- they dowt expect an explosion 
.^* 1 . because people are bdng told to 
wih the™ of the i^terttoisclves. 
worid on Japan, the govern- 1 .^ 1 .^ j 

ment is trriog h) avoid embar- 
rassments like the one tha t oc- 5® ® 

curred last October, when the AID^t^deniic, so we 
Alcxander Martin, an Ameri- leOT^^>wra>uati^^ 
can pli^wri^t with AIDS, was said Taka^ Kuriimira, i 
denied accommodation at 18 fessor at Osaka U mversi^. . 
hotels. But tbe rriative scardQr of 

The Ministiy of Health and cases has made it difficolt for 
Welfare has aroealed to hotels, those who do get the disease, 
restaurants anc^o^tals in Y(^ Most hoqntals refuse to accqit 
fcnhflmfl not to fgecs those in- infected pec^le^ saying th^ 
fected the hnman immuno- lack the knowled^ or the pro- 
defideo^ rirus, or HIV, who tective procedures, 
are expect to make up about AIDS canqiaigDers say they 
1,000 of tbe 10,000 people at- suspect that the horoitw axe 
tending tbe conference. a&aid that if tb^ are W>wn to 

The Yokohama dty govern- be treating AIDS patients, ot^ 
ment distributed a videotape to er pec^le wfll stay awi^. 
hotels that eiqilainsthm it is not Li a few cases, petmle say' 

pebble to get AIDS by ban- they have been fired when theu* 
dling the l uggage of infected employers found out that they 
pet^le, by serving them in res- were infected. 


New One oh North Korea Hutonium 

SEOUL fReuters) —North Korea may possess plutoni- 

fof a nuclear weapon, or 

to vraaScads, a Seoul newspapff repot^ Sunday. 

have extiicted 22 to 27 kiiograms of plutonium, 
the oEBdal said. Ihe amount is enough to produce mree or four 

atotiric bombs. -j.il 

tins year, the Central Intdltoce A^cy said tto wsk 
a bdter than even chance that tiie Nortb had extracted enough 
phitraihim at Yongbyon in 1989 to build at tot one nucto 
weapon. The United States ahd Noth Korea a^ouraed talks in 
Geneva bn Pyoi^aiig’s nuclear program until Monday after one 
day-of resumed negotiations on Fri^'. 

Reari^sts Ex-Health Minis^ 

ROME (Reuters) — Francesco De Lorenzo, a former health 
mimst^who was freed frcmt’piison last s^th under a disputed 
goveniiment decree ImritLag pre-trial detention, was arrested again 

ovtf tiie-wedrend,judk>al sources said. 

The.:Minister5' Tribunal, a qiecial b(xly dealing mth cases 
ntvolviag past mid present members of government, issued a 
warrant for Mr. De Lorenzo m coonectiem with allied comiptioa 
' inwnMngihe health seniice. Thepotice subsequeatiy detained him 
din Sabizday in Naples vribm he^ been under house Biiesi since 
July 14. . ^ 

Mr. De Lorenzo was the higb 7 Pronie suspects released 
fiom jail in July when Prime Minister Sflvio Berlusconi’s govem- 
mwit cnxbed magistraties* use of pretrial custody. Public protests 
forced the Beriqsoom govenunrait to withdraw toe decree, but noi 
.before more t hh« 2,0w so^ects were freed. The decree has been 
replaced by- a wii that Kmi t* tbe use of cusuidy but still alloy's 
iuyestigatois to eoiTuptibn su^iects in preventive custody. 

Saniper I5 Inaugiiraled ia Colombia 

BOGOTA — Ernesto Samper was sworn in Sunday as 
Oflombia’spferidi^ amid lin geri n g doubts about his campaign’s 
allied tints to the wnld's most powerful cocaine cartel. 

During his inaugural speech in Bogota's. Plaza Bolivar, Mr. 
S ampe r , a 44-year-dd econcmiist, preorised to press ahead with 
the war on dn^s, but called on industrialized countries to control 
demand. Oflomi^'s <>!» band supplies an estimated 80 percent 
of the worid’s cocame: 

Tensio ns between Colombia aiuf the United States deepened 
shortly after Mr. Sanm^s June 19 dectcaal viettay when he was 
of taking nrnnions of doIlaES fiom thc Cali cartel in 
canmaigu contributions. The candidate admits his campai^ 
reeved cartel offers but denied^y mooeywas accepted. A senes 
of diug-rdated scandals in' recent days have revdued alanning 
levds ra infiltiation by the Cali cartel Last week the gc^’emment 
suqiended 17 poKoe oommandexs in Cali, Cokrabia's third lai^t 
dty, after security fbiccis sdz^ .a cartd payroll listing bribes 
reotived by more than 100 dty poIicemezL 

TRAVEL UPDATE 

Souvenirs at Buddn^iam Palace 

. LONDON (AP) — Buddxi^iam. Palace is setting some high 
prices at its sqnvemr shops this year, and it expects insitors to be 
gratefuL ' 

“Some peopte have not come haltyray round the world to spend 
£50," aqxAraman said. '^Ttisy want to spend a decent amount of 
mo^." Thus, tbe top-ctf-ti^lihe souvenir this will be a 
catri^ dock costing £495 ($760),. in a Innited edition of 100. 

Buciddgham Palace opei^ l^day for pubUc tours, which 
continue until Oct 2. (Jueen Elizabetii IT opaiied the palace for the 
first time last year to raise mon<^ to repair fire damage at one of 
her otiier htMoes, M^mdsor C^e. Ij 

A cholen oidweak m Di^iestaD is on the veige of beroming a 
“fdU-scdeqnklemic,” the Russian rcpuNic's d<^ty prime miius- 
tid, Lev (jladysh, has warned. (AFP) 

Plipdslhig exliNtion Ooidtfs liy garastca^ most caf6$ and restau- 
rants in Warsaw's Old town closed on Saturday and Sunday, 
learing tourists parched in'swdtering heat (Reuters) 

WoifaraatlrdaBd^state-owDeddrihie, AerLingus, threatened 
Sunday to disrupt fli^its tiiis wedk; stq^ing up a dispute over 
layoffs and cost putting. H^tcm fi^ts were held up at Dublk 
airport for im to two boors Saturday maintenance empk^- 

ees.walked<« thejcdi. (Reuters) 

A tyiAoMi iMUta^ *lhiwin oh Simday.ci^pling 
fradng the goveziunent to evacuate more m ap 1,000 Chinese 
fisheroMa livmg illegally aboard trawlers off tin coasL All domes- 
tic air flights were su^iended, and many highways were clo^ 
because of landslides and floodii^ (AP) 

Thiff HoBcb^ 

Bankin g, and ^ivernnieat ,<^ces wfll be closed or services 
curtailed in the following countries arid their depoidendes this 
week because of national and rrii^ous htflidays: 

MONDAYiii^ 

TUESDAY: 

■ WSJNESDAY: Ecoador, Nicaragna. 

THURSDAY: Qiad, Jofdaa, Zlnibabwe. 

FRIDAY: Hiailaiid, 2aibitnTCL 
SATURDAY: CeotnlACdcanRiqKibSc, France^ Tunisia. 

Scatrees: J.P. Morgan, Reuters. 


ft 

■v-H ^ 





Khmer Rouge Threatens to Kill Westerners Over Military Aid 


Retata 

PHNOM PENH — Cambo- 
dia’s outlawed Khmer Rouge 
guerrilla faction has threatened 
to kin Westerners whose coun- 
tries provide military support to 


The way the world's going 


UNIVERSITY DE6REE 

BACHBORh • lUSTO'S • DOCTORAIE 
ftrMfbgZJfcaKldca dton lb B ewIgiea 
IhaagtCenmiMHBmSeK^ 
<510S47n-aS06 eft. 23 
Rse (510» 471-6456 

Fac er wnd iMalBd reamtori 
FHBEBfamani«| 

Pac& Wesfeeni Ihlivergtyj 

2875 S. King Street HonoUu, HI 96826 



the Phnom Penh government, 
rebel radio said Sunday. 

“If the United States, Austra- 
lia and France are waging war 
to IdD Cambodians, then Amer- 
icans, Australians and French 
mil also be lulled or wound^" 
Khmer Rouge radio said is a 
report monitored by the BBC. 

The United States and 
France have prorided “nc^e- 
thal" military assistance to the 
Cambod^ Army. Anstralia 
has offer^ to pay for a naval 
maintenance facility and na- 
tional cramnonicatioas netwtric 
for tile armed forces. 

A Western diplomatic source 
said it was uiuikely that the 
threat of violence would affect 


nidations to free three West- 
ern tourists bang hdd hy the 
insui^gents in southern Kanqiot 
Province. The three men, a Brit- 
on, a Frenchman and an Aos- 
tndian, were taken hostage dur- • 
ing a train ambush (» Jmy 26. 

A letter to government au- 
thorities allied to have been 
wiittoi by & Khmer Rouge 
co mmand er holding the three 
men, dated July 31 and seen by 
reporters on Sund^, eontawwid 
an implied threat that they 
would be kflled if a ransom de- 
mand was not paid. 

The letta said the Western 
travders bad been guilty ille- 
gal activities. 

Three other Westerners, two 


Britons and an Anstralian, were 
captured in Ainfl in southern 
Sflianoukvflle novince ^ gun- 
men beheved to be ichiThm- 
Rouge. These captives are now 
feareddead. 

The Maoist Khmer Bonyi 
conlrnwes to rgect natimiai reo- 
onefliation axid -w^es a low- 
levd guerrilla war 

■ FicndiAnyjhimlorFjrmee 

Prince Norodom Chakra- 
pong,who was allowed to leave 
Caiobodia after , suroected izt- 
vdvemeat in a faileii coup, was 
expected to fly to France late 
Sunday where has bm 
granted as^um, Renters 


government sources. 


Prince Oiakrapong arrived f 
m Bangkcflc on Thursday from 
Malaysia, uliere he had been 
staying since the coup attempt 
was quashed on July 3. 

Cambodian Embassy sources 
said Prince -Chakrapcxig, who 
has l ived before in France, was 
canying French travel docu- 
moits and had been granted 
atylum. 

Ptisoe Chakrapong, an e^ 

tiwiged son of Kmg Morodom 
Sitoouk and former deputy 
prune mmister, has been ac- 
cased by the Cambodian gov- 
ernment of involvement in the 
f afled co^j along with a former 
mtenpr minister. General Sin 
Song. 



To call from country to country, or to the U.S., dial the WorldPhone*® number of the country you?e calling from 

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Vanezuata^ 172-1022 

800-11140 


Card,* leeal telaphone card or cd coltaGt...Afl « tha same low ratas. 
(CO Caimtfy-tfl-«aum ^ co ring ovaDafaie. May not be available toffrom ^ inwraational loeatiOAa. CMan 
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international HERAUD tribune, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


u 


fV 




ad News for Clinton 


jVfw YoritTima Sa^ 

- WASHINGTON ^ ' 

dsion by a pand <tf judges tpl. 
r»laoe tbe sulqxodditpoixQ- 
sd fortheWhiteTOter mtmry jg' 
a diaip disaj^omtOKQt for fte 
CliOtCO. ft rffflm^traHrtn gg' 

pitnuises yet aiK^W exteosk^ 
oftheifiyestigatioa imd thepo- 
tentia] ftf jxtitical trouble. 

Kenoeth W. Stair,(he fonnec 
Bush adinuiistrafioQ solicator 
general who was riatnefl by a' 
federal appe^ panel lozeptece. 
the cunent mdependent cooix-.. 
sd» RobM B.. FiAe Jr.^ raom- 
ised over dw wcefcoid that Ir< 
would.be faic aikI eveolttnded. 

Speaking btiefb^ wiA rq)oiv 
eis at the aonud draference of - 
the American Bar Anodadon 
in New Orleans, Mr: Siair, 48, 


wxdd DOC &CUSS a^tetber he 
wouM gFOii^ al- 

ready oovetedlby faispiedeces- 


.son 


Nor veuldhe^ whether he 
;wooid a&..Ccnige8s..t6 
farther hethi^eh^ 
-imfflvafeQr'ti$:«ht«;siigaci^ is 

"■ •>;. . .. 

B« nnder-'a^nMkfly mrded 



Ihe-adthffiita^: Srhe so chooses, 
to « bacfc^aieai^igzoaod al- 
ready cbveredby Mr. Fiske and 
decide, vriu^er the White 
Haus&Treaniy'^^coiitacts, or 
the testiowax.t^-oaiigressiona] 
hearings (W^.Ahe • last . few 
bass 

for cinnipfjl4iM^ against any 

admmtrfifairing* 


{The White House chief of 
stsfft .Leoo Fianetta, on SSunday 
called the app^tment of Mr. 
Starr “a waste of tune aid tax- 
-payas*. money,** and imged him 
to ]MCk up whm Ime had 
left off. The. Associated Press 
rqxHted from Washington. . 

r**I-li^)e we don’t tramp over 
old territosy *«ng and ai^d 
time again,** Mr. Panetta said in 
a televisma interview. “We Im 
nothing to hide in this sintadtm, 
but.we would hope ttere is a 
point at'which enough is 
enough.** ■ • 

[The. Senate nugority leader, 
George J. Mitchell of M^e, 
siud Mr. Hske ‘had been. xe- 
plaoBd ;by scsnecme who had 
been active in Rt^uUican poii- 
ticsL **There is a lieavy buidpa 


rial panel that amointed Mr. Stan.. 

During the adminlstiatum, Mr. Stan, 
served as U.S. sriidior goiexai, ihe gpvesn- 

le Court In 
cited and seri- 


ment’s lawyer before the 
1992. be 1 


actively s 
teong the 


RepuUicu Sen- 


Starr, a Ckal^^T^^, h Cludlenged 

By Ru& Marcus . ! _ ; /in the Rettan adnnhistration, Mr. Stan 

wkUtg^ Fmt Serrbx . ''^^ ^wseoioraidetoAttom^Gene^ 
WASHINOTW Kamern W. Sttor, -{.-^rendi Smith and i.was-.hileT named to the 
lugh^anldbogoffhariinthelaA t^ federal appeals, court bene. One btf hb col- 

can adhoinistiations, has pt&U^ fJiatTmged 't les^;ue$ oa the court was David B. Sentrile, a 
Pmsideoi.^ CSmum^icdttm&m leSow.RQ^an ^)pcutee wto heads the spe- 

immune to lawsuits-ii^iLle in-office. . . • 

So the surprise sdection of Mr. Stair'on 
Friday ais the new ind|^eaddit couhsd to 
investig^ the Whitewater a&ait generated 
s<xne critirism ^ lawyers and otho^ 

They questiaied the riioioe of a counsel 

with sudi gtanneh RiynHIiraw rradiy atiH 

also a pahhc stand on one.rtf Nb- Orton’s 
centrri argnmeiats against a rivil lawsuit ' 

1^ Paula GorNn Jones, ritaxi^ng seoiaL h^ 
rassment. r • - • 

Mr. Starr, ^ has be^ entnisted vriih siich 
sensitive issu g y revievring the .diari^ of 
Senator Bob- Padcwbod, Rn^lican of Oie« 
gon, fw the Senate Ethics CSminittee ihupiiiy 
mtoharassment charges. 

-Be-was said -to faayebeeri highon A^onii^ 

General Janet Reno’s list, of .choices to serve 
as special <toim^ befme dto'sdieeted R^ieit 
B.Fid:eJr, 

The sources said FhQq} Heyntann, then 
deputy attMn^ gneral, dm tehtohoded Mr. . 

StOT to ask zf he. wbidd le avaihude to seffve 
inthepost 


hto 19^ be was 
ooriy weighed entering t 
ateinimaiy^om VUgmia. 

Federal Qection O^ntisskm records show 
that he is a ccmtributor to RqmUkan candi- 
-ds^ • ... . 

^Mr. Starr, now a lavyer in private Practice, 
h^ bmisidered filing a frioHS-df-the cbort 
brief in the sonial harassment lawsuit filed by 
MiSs Jones. He pnhilidy dri)ated the White 
House q>erial cramsri. Uoyd .N. Cutler, on 
(he issue ctf pieridenrial immunity. 

tA. Starr, argued that Mr. CEntcm’s status 
as pieadeat did nor.enritle ham to Node Miss 
Jones’s lawsuit during his tens in office. 

. , Althou^Mr^FiricealitowasaRi^bhc^ 
Sprae.lawyers said Mr. Starr’s recent service 
ind higher pditica! profile made his rituatioa 
(fiffemt, particalany given die court’s em- 
jriiasis on impartiality., 


now Ob Mr. Starr to be fair and 
imnutial, as te says he will b^** 
Mr. Mitriiril said] 

The White 'ilouse was 
pleased vrith the initial results 
of Mr. Flake’s mves^ti^ in 
which he found no baas for 
criminal promeudon in the dis- 
cusaons between the White 
White House and Treas^-offi- 
ctals about the ihves^tions 
into a failed Arkansas savings 
and loan with ties to the Clin- 
tons. 

Having been cleared by Mr. 
Fiske, the 29 «ttroit and for- 
. mer administriitipQ offirials 
who. testified did so without the 
grants of. .immunity generally 
demanded whm Cwgn^ and 
a prosecutor are ocammiog the 
same events. . 

In the only other portion of 
the iavestigatioa completed, tty 
hfr. Fiske, be coochided that 
the death last summer of Vin- 
cent- W. Foster Jr., the White 
House dqnity was. a 

suicide and unrelated to 
Whitewater. 

The pan^ a roecial court ap- 
pointed Chiri Justice Wil- 
liam H. Rehnquist, rgected a 
request by Attorney General 
Janet Reno that it lespprint 
Mr. Fiske, whom she originally 
chose in Janoaiy. 

In the rul^ the threejudges 
said the d^gnp (fid not refl^ 
any dissatisfactiem vdth Mr. 
Fiskt. Rather, they said, the hi- 
d^Modeni Counsel Acx was 
wntten precisely to avmd. the 
«wifKftf of having the adminis- 
trariem investigate itsdf. 

In a brief c^anion, the pand 
said it would be incoasisteait 
vriththe independent counsd’s 
1^ for the administra- 

tion to play any part in the 
sdection of the person to bead 
the investigation. 

“It is not our intent to im- 
pugn the mt^rity of the attor- 
ney generaTs s>pointee, but 
ramer to reflect the intent of the 
act that the actor be protected 
against perc^ons cf conflict,” 
the court said. 


WWtewateT^ a W That Won’t Heal? 


By Miduid Wines . Butsidte wffl away. It 

NewYaikTbmsSer^ is tite lODg imi ---•'NovemW 

paiMogy of wamdiO, 
gate was a amOT tm 

has Shown. 

riurgrisc. - ir. 

... , ^ - niagpiiaie CNN showed 

H t« ft f^wr fatal _ 

butpoKticaltywa^^bo-.^: . 


a simple cons.. 

The Aransas deal-^ntt: 39 pesp^ ^ reapoi^^ 

Bin GUnton first Omton did 

m o nt h s ago as *^&otiii]:^ but a'.. .so metMi ^.. ine^I.' Lit the 
big money loser’* is new'anieteK WUtewatAa^ft'^-.AaqjJy 
phor for qualms about theptes-, 5^ ^- pegi^c w ho hi^ 
ident and tiie way he'ltod^-' ' ^fiuKjriew fttt ceSfC rife rinHef. 

True^ notKMty qmte nades- vrimeach 

stands it; the two weAs of Coo- ^ ^ ~ 

~ irom'disdoriiietoqieriaf-inrost 
eentor to nw disriosure to 
ivMTi^ to iiidqpendeDi. coun-. 
Sdr^Seiioom rii^ tiie;White 
Houise' is sbnidtoWnot playing 
tty accqited rules b^mes 


gresskmal hMring g thtf ended 
on Friday could be tye-^azn% 
and it seems iinlilcety to: sop. 
support -for imiitediate'jncgects 
like hedto insuiance or wdfare 
reform.' 


more embedded in the publids 

tnnWt 

“Peegde barical^ think peo- 
pkin priiticSareliars,^ said the 
chief to a senior Democrat- 

ic senator. “Aod tl^’s nothing 
worse than aphoto of your cn- 
mc administration standing 
there ^tii their right arms 
laiseA Notiung worse.” 

.'hie- White House and its 
Demoomtic poliiical advisers 
donot datirriy agree. Cfficially, 
at least, .tiiey r^ard the drip of 
Whitewater disclosurBai, deiuals 
and recantations as- annoying 
hacJqsEOundnoaseinapresiden- 
^ with more historic isaies on 
its agenda. - 

■ .Indeed,. Democrats' polls 
suggest that voters’ gmtest 
doubts about CtintOQ levolve 
not around Arlrimsasreal estate 
but his ability to driivier on his 
many campugn idedges. 

' . In' that view; the low bua 
about Whitewater will fade if 


AK 


POU TKAL MU PS 


Prob»lBt»esinrfitf«» WWria* 

WASHINGTON — Fed^ im^dgatois 
examining whether Agriculture Secrecy 
Mike Es^ unprpperly accqited gifts from 
the nation’s b^g^jwultty company have 
ffxpandfyi their ioquuies into a broader le* 
view of posable ethical violations by Mr.. 
Estty and two of his aides,'and into whether 
agri^tuie poli<ty had been swayed by the* 
lobbyists and indastiy ^ups inwdved. 

The inves^tions, by the Justice Depart- 
ment and the Agriculture Departmqit s in- , 
spector general, have produced a morafe cr> 

sis at a sprawHng federal agency that has long 

been criticized for being top <tios^ linked to 
the interests it regulates and thatis now at the - 
brink of sweeping change. 

Mr. Espy; who at 40 is the ypang^ m^. 
her of the cabinet, was appoint ^^****" 
dent BiU Qinton after six years m the 
of Representatives. 


PoWiciang Ey Si-psow C— 

SACRAMENTO — CalifonM'po^ 
face a formidable oppooent in the Novemper 
elections: O. J. Simpson. . 

The trial of Mr. Snmwn on ^igs « 
killing his ex-rwife and a mend is-scWuIed, to 
start Sept. 19 in Los 'Ang^. That .ooro 
amid the campaign season m a region with 
more than half the state’s, voters^ . . 

Last - vreek, bo* Governor Pete l^bon 
and the D^ocratic diallengpr, Kamfccn 
Brown, took campmgn events to where 
knew *e news cameras would be: The Los 
.^naelcs County Jail; whreu. reported 
siakmg out the Simpson visitore, and the 


'county courthouse on a .day. Mr. Simpson 
was in'coivrt. - 

." *Tt*s changed' the way we do L.A. press 
coafbrences,'^said a Brown spokesman. John 
WhitehursL ’‘WeJiave.gotto check with the 
trial schedule first We also have to gei the 
press'conferences.dose to where the Tvs are. 
That ktod of limits .the scenery.’* (AP 


Heim, is De ni ed a Cun PerniH 

. -MONETA,Virgima— .Ajudgehasdemrf 
Oli^ North, toe state’s RepubUcan nominee 
for tbe Senate., a peraaitto carry a concealed 
-'weapon “on the ^und.that the applicant is 
noiof gpod.chafacteri” . . 

; The jud^, James L Berry, of Clarke 
County Circuit Court, cited Mr. North's con- 
.victioii on charges of obstructing Congress 
during the investigation into the Traa-eimcra 
' a&ir, which took place whm Mr. North was 
on toe stafTof National Security. Council staff 
during the Rei^mi administration. 

Mr. North, who lives in Berryvflle, in 
ClUite County, succeeded io having toe con- 
■ victions overturned on appeal. 

Mr. North said he needed a pistol because 
'ofa threat on his life in 1987 by Abu Nidal a 
Palestinian terrorist. - (NYT) 


Quois/ttiiiqiuote ; ; 

' Representative Barney Frank, Democrat 
of Massachusetts, starting is line of questions 
at the Whitewater hearings: “Now, I would 
like to get to some specifics, and I'm wing to 
go slowly so that people r^o are keeping 
diariu can get it all down, correctly." iWP) 


the president can string togeth- 
er victories on, say, health in- 
surance and crime legislation 

But the prediction that 
Whitewater w0] fade afanimex, 
perh^s unlikdy, that some, as- 
pect of the affair ^ not bc^ 
back into., the news once or 
twice moie m die next yeiti. niid 
that if it does, no one wSl care. 

That was plausible in early 
1992, when the public image 
was that Mr. Clinton and lus 
wife had made a bad inveri- 
meat with a man whose savings 
and loan went brily up. 

But since then, inquiries have 
raised questions about the flow 
df cash mto and out of the ven- 
ture abemt ties to Aikansas 
politics and Mr. GlinUm’s cam- 
pmgn fM- governor, about the 
handling of state and federal 
efforts to dedare the savings 
apd loan insolveat, and about 
the Clinton adminirtiation’s ef- 
forts to contain word of all that 


bi Simpson Case^ 
Cup of Ice Cream 
bNewElemerU 

The Assodaltd Press 

NEW YORK — A cop of 
partly frozen ice cream was 
foond near the bloodied bodies 
of O; J. Sinmsoa’s former wife 
and afixend, raising new ques- 
tions about when toe victims 
were killed, a news magazine 
reported. 

The defense may use the ice 
cream to argue that the victims 
were alive uter than prosecu- 
tors have ccHitended, making it 
imposrible for Mr. Simpson, a 
former football star, to have 
Idl^ Niodc Brown Simpson 
and Ronald Goldman, News- 
week magazine said in hs issue 
dated Aug. IS. 

Profiecutors have said Ms. 
Mmpww and Mr. . Goldman 
died between 10:]5PAd.andll 
P.M. on June 12. But pdicemen 
fremd toe ctro, with much of toe 
ice cream sm frozen, near toe 
bodies sometiine after 12:10 
A.M. on June 13, defense 
sources told toe magazine. 

The tuning of toe discovery 
wr^d sorest that Ms. Sin^ 
son and Goldman were alive 
after II PM. because otherwise 
the ice cream would have mdt- 
edin toe 6(klegree heat, News- 
week said. By 11 P.M., Mr. 
Skupson was en route to Los 
An^es Intematicmal Airport 
fora trip to Chicago. 



J«fr ChmUMn/Rmer* 

Haitian Anny recruits firing put in a pnidic training exercise to display nnBtary reatfiness to meet a U.S. invason. 

Q &A: Oudookfor Resolution in Haiti 


G&>rgesA. FauritA, an ejq>ert on Carib- 
bean of^ Latin Americanpolitics, is direc- 
tor of the Americas Program at the Center 
for 5/ritifgte and Intematitmal StudieSt a 
researdi orgmizatUm in Washington. He 
has beat a considtant to the US. ffjvem- 
ment and served as an election observer in 
Head. He ^oke about ihe Hmdan aids 
with Paid F. Horritz of the International 
Herald Tribune. 

Q. Since toe United Nations autho- 
rize intervention in Hmti, is the situa- 
tion any closer to being resolved? 

A. It has movttl in a direction that 
either leaves it up to Presideait Qintrm 
personally or the military leadership in 
Haiti to, in ^ect, cry unde. I don’t see 
either of those two parties in the next few 
wedes modifying their positioiL I don’t 
think that the Haitian sulitaiy is going to 
; in, and I don't think toat the presi- 
it of the United States, at this point, 
wants to intervei^ partially because he 
has more immediate political consider- 
ations to take care of at home. 

Q. Does a deadline have to be set for 
the r^me to step aside? 

. Ajutoeradeadlmewilihavetobeset 
by toe United States, in consultation 
with otbeis, or tlure will have to be some 
new diplcnnatic initiative tty the United 
States or another party. 

• 

Q. Is Venezuela prepared to mediate? 

A, Thore are a nomber of possibilities. 
Ifistorically, the Venezuelans have bran 
involved in.the Haitian question. Anoth- 
er, quite different posribility is one that 
has been floated on Capitol HOI by Sena- 
tor Bob Dole invedring some form of 


co61ing-df period. A third option would 
involve uring the Clinton administra- 
tion’s own n^DUators to try to send a 
back-charmd message to toe Haitian 
military, saying that ”lf one can find an 
amicable sdution to toe problem, we’re 
interested in talking.” 

Q. Are there any circumstances under 
which the r^ftne wOi d^>art and permit 
the restoration of Presideat Jean-Ber- 
trand Aristide? 

A There is a mild t^portunity, which 
would involve a process tty which the 
military would rengn, guarantees would 
be provided to the seoim' leadership — in 
effect, giving it a political escape — and 
that toe return of f^esident Aristide 
would be agreed to but occur more grad- 
ually. There would be a link betw^ a 
lifting of some of toe economic embargo 
aud a gradual return to political nonnal- 
<ty, at toe end of Much would be the 
return of Aristide. 

The concern on tbepan of the milit^ 
and some of their immediate civilian 
supporters is t^t there will be a quick 
transition: One day the military is in 
charge, and the next day Presidem Aris- 
tide’s people are in control I would ar- 
gue that a quidc tranrition would be a 
Formula for some i^Uy serious practical 
problems in terms of t^encrating Haiti's 
political system. 

Q. To what extent does Latin America 
support the United States? 

A. There are three poritions. First, 
Ai^eutinahas more or less supported the 
United States' more activist role. That is 
related to Argentina’s interest in reac- 
quiring international credibility. The 
second posilion, which includes a major- 


ity c 
able 


of the countries, is one of consider- 
unease. There is a general consensus 
about toe need to restore Haiti's consti- 
tutional govenunent, but the argument is 
more one of history. Privately, they 
probably approve of toe U.S. policy, but 
publicly ft is difficult for them go very 

The third position involves mostiy toe 
F-nglish-speajdng Caribbean. The con- 
cern is one of proximity to Haiti. Tb^ 
would like toe issue resolved diplomati- 
cally, but toQi also realize that toe Unit- 
ed Slates is toe only power toat can force 
a solution, which toty would support 
uiuier certain circumstances, or even 
participate in. 

Q. The White House says the Haitian 
military must leave “soon,” but they 
haven’t defined that When vrill the cli- 
max come? 

A That's the $64 question. It’s not 
clear. It could drag on fill toe end of toe 
year. The president has other issues he 
would like to deal with, including health 
care. Three things could force toe admin- 
iseration’s hand. One is toat the refugee 
issue coidd arise again and overwhdm 
toe U.S. lo^ticaliy. The U.S. agreement 
with the Aristide government allowing 


seas expures m 


tober. 


the return of Hmiians picked iqi on toe 
Octe ‘ 

le other possibility is that toe Hai- 
tian milit^ would do something foolish 
to injure 


itatyw 

e U.S. mstallations or citizens or 
create a human rights crisis. And finally, 
the Congr^onal Black Caucus is vc^ 
unhappy with toe delay in restoring Aris- 
tide and unless the presidem is able to 
pacify them, then that constituency 
could force lus hand. 


Clin^n’s Wsai Health, Not Strife Abroad 


By R. W. Apple Jr. 

JVfw YoHc Times Seniee 

WASHINGTON — The test 
thing President Bill Clinton 
wants this week, this month or 
indeed tlus fall is a war. Not in 
Haiti, not in Bosnia and cer- 
tainly not in both places at the 
same tone — not while he is 
struggU^ to wrest from a recal- 
citrant Confess a bealtb-care 
program that would fulfill his 
ffftmpaig n promise. 

In toe minds of Democratic 
strat^ts, at least, toe political 
situation comes very clore to a 
matter of life and d^th. Fail on 
health care, they say, and toe 
president’s chances of winning 
a second term, Irt alone limiting 
Democratic losses in the No- 
vember con^nssional electioas, 
win be sevondy eroded. 

So tiiere is little prospect, of- 
ficiak said, that the United 
l^ies wdD get involved in ac- 
tive, sustained combat 

As in Haiti, Mr. Clinton is 
trying to use ecanomic and dip- 
lomatic activity to bring about 


toe desired re^t He has coun- 
tenanced the occasional mili- 
taiy gest^ like the retaHaioty 
attack Friday by American and 
other NATO warplanes. 

But talk of more ctmeerted 
military action is mostiy just 
that — talk intended to turn up 
toe heat 

Should toe president decide 

NE1TO ANALYSIS 

that the national interest re- 
quires it, there are plenty of 
troops and plenty of planes to 
carry out an invaaon of Haiti 
and a major operation in Bos- 
nia at the same time. Oits in toe 
Pentagon budget have not de- 
stroys the ciqiability to fi^t 
two limiied conflicts at the 

game rimg. 

It is the political situation 
toat constrains Mr. Qintma. 

The present is standing on 
a precipio^” said a Democratic 
senator friendly to toe presi- 
dmt. ”In toe next few weeks, 
the biggest issue of his term will 
be decided. To win, he needs to 


focus all his atientioa and all 
the attention of Congress on 
b^tb care. It is close enough so 
that careless errors could cost 
him the game. So he won't go 
looking for foreign policy trou- 
ble on toe Hill.” 

Though there is no official 
acknowlMlgmeat, the feeling is 
Mdeqnead in Washington toat 
Haiti, the problem in America’s 
backyard, ratoer than Bosnia, 
toe trouble spot in the Europe- 
an himerlano, bolds the higher 
priority in current policy calcu- 
lations. 

But in fact, there is no wide- 
spr^ public clamor for quick 
Mierican action in eitoer place. 

Mr. Clinton has made no sus- 
tained effort to build support 
for such action, either on Coi- 


tal Hill or among the general 
public, in pan because doing so 
would detract from lus evange- 
lism on beh^ of health care. 

And toe pahoful experience 
from troop mvolvement in So- 
malia has persuaded at least 
some of his advisers how impor- 
tant it is to bring Congress and 
toe electorate into Ziius before 
committing forces abroad. 


SalvadcNr Grenade KiDs 1 1 

Reuters 

SAN SALVADOR — Eleven 
people died and at least 16 were 
wounded Saturday when a gre- 
nade exploded during a bus 
robbery in western El Saiwndor, 
law enforcement autfaM^rities 
said. 


Awav From Politics 


: wito marijuana, toe eo-cb^iman of Northwest Air- 
lines, Gary Wilson, 54, removed himsdf from duty mto the 
He was cited for misdemeanor possession of marijua- 
na and dj^ pm^emalia. Mr. Wilson had a bag of manjua- 
na and a {upe in w briefcase as be tried to board one of the 
company’s commercial flights in Boise, Idaho. 

• Chailes ManaoD, 25 years aft^ his edt followers on 

a blcKx^ rampage of torture and mwder, said in a Los 
Angdes interriew that he felt no remorse and considered 
himwif a ”good person.” Mr. Menson. who turns 60 in 
November, repeats bis claim of innocence but smd he had no 
desire to l»ve prison. 

• An qipareirt arson fire left a school in smoldering ruins and 
stdeed ten-rfnns in a dispute over toe principal who ^posed 
iatenadal dates at a prom in Wedowee, Alabama, tbe fire 
fitted aB of the Randolph County High School classrooms 

• Surgeon Goieral Jitycatyn Ehfcis, endorsing a global cam- 
pai yt to reduce reliance on baby fonnula, urged U.S. health 
provides to take st^s to inccease toe percentage of mothers 

breast-feed to 75 percent by the turn of toe century. 

(AP. UT. NYT. Reuters) 


On August 29th, the IHT will publish a 
Specif Report on 

The Brazilian 
Economy 

Among the topics to be covered are: 

■ Prospects for reform following 
the elections. 

■ TTie outlook for privatization. 

■ Brazil’s volatile stock market. 

■ A look at the commodities driving 
the economy. 

■ Brazil's relations with Argentina, Uruguay 
and Paraguay. 

Ftnrnme inhrmabon, please contact 
BSlMahder in Paris 

at (33-1) 46 37 $3 78, fax (33-1) 46 37 50 44. 


JNTjy?\.»TlrtVU. 





» TbND M m hu 


The program for. Ae conference 
will fpeuR on' three s^tora; 
telecommunications,; 


INVESTING IN NEW 
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR EUROPE 


transpoitatioh and enci^. 


SKADDEIM 
ARPS 
SLATE 
MEAGHER & 
FLQM 


BERLIN ■ NOVEMBER 3 & 4 


4* omFitUinU.M *tL 

IicralO:i:^^^@nbunc 


For further information on the 
conference, please contact; 

Brcndn Erdmann Hagcrty 
International Herald Tribune 
63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH, England 
Tel: (44 71) S36 4802 
Fax: (44 71) 836 0717 




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Page 4 


IWTERWATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 





lUvandan Refugees Settle In^ Jpl 

nvrk* ......... # e M Mfiim would be for the LfN "P 


Ican-Paul PdeMcr/Rcnicn 

General John M. Shafikashvili, chairman of the U.S. Jmnt Chiefs of staff, reviewing his troops Sunday in Goma, Zaire. 


By Jane Perlez 

f/ew York Tima Service 

GOMA, Zaire — Now that the initial 
shodc of the relief disaster tlw Rwuidan 
refu^Ms has subsided, intinnatiOTal wgar 
nizaiions find themselves faced with two 
unpalatable choices over the future of the 
900,000 people camped on the here. 

The r^ugees can be encouraged to dig in 
and become emroiched in the soimd 
camps, triiere milit^ and dvilian re- 
sources have been di^atdied to keep tiie 
r^gees afloat Or can be prodded, 
Imt not pushed, to w hmne. 

In recent days, the preference has be- 
come to pFq>are for the refimees to stay for 
the long had, even tfaou^ this was not the 
Hrst choice ^id the impficatioos are unap- 
pealing. 

Alr^dy, refugee offidals are wondering 
if the Rwandans will become a prolonged 
presence, 1^ the 13 years the Cambodi^ 
stayed on the Thai border or the 30 years 
the Eritreans camped in Sudan. 

**In tlm b^jlnmog of the cholera endem- 
ic, T thou^t the refugees would get up and 
go home,^ said hfike McDonagh, an expe- 
rienced hand in referee crises in Afnca 
and Asia and the director of the tdief 
agency Irish Coa 

“I thought this was the best 
think there is 
back.” 

Entwined in the dOemina for the donors 
is the realization, now that the emotion of 


so many diolera deaths has abated, that 
the refugees indude nmi^ people in^licat- 
ed in the massacres in an. estimated 
500.000 Tata dvQiahs were kflled. 

Members d the Interahamwe, a militant 
Hutu militia that carried oiit many of the 
IdDhigs, have been identified in the canqis. 
Some bold^iowaful positions of control- 
ling food distribution. 

**No one is under any illusion about 
whom we are dealing with here,** Mr. 
McDooa^ said. “We can't not hdp these 
people. ^ the more you read, the more 
you talk, the more you see, the more diffi- 
cult it becoffles.** 

Reports from Rwanda that some return- 
ing HUtu refugees have been killed by 
dements of the new Tutsi-dominated gov- 
emineot have added strength to the argu- 
ment that the refugees du)uld not be hasti- 
ly ietamed. 

Because cS the immensity of the atroc- 
ities cmmmtted by Hutu militia against the 
Tutsi, retaliation against Hutu r^gees is 
almost to be eiqwded, some lefu^ ex- 


perts s^. 

Hie united Nations High Commissirm- 


IfishCoQcem. 

vasi 

a genuine fear of gmng 


thing, 
u of 


Bull 


er for Refiuees, whidi is te^ionsible for 
the safety <n ref u gee s no matter what tiieir 
pc^tical persuaskm or pa^ has recmtly 
become doubfy cautimis in its policy of 
rqiatriaxkm. In 1992, the agency encour- 
aged Tutsi refiujees to return to Burundi 
and some were kflled by Hutu. 

One divious way to see whether it issafe 


for refugees to return would be fprjhc UN 
to investigate the reports tiiat refugees 

have been kflled on. their return. 

But Panes Moumizis, a spokesman for 
the agency, said it did not have the staff to 
do ffijob. A team of only Tive amved m 

Rwaniftom therefugeea^tty this week 

to organize repatriation and follow up on 
the accusations, he said. ... . 

As doubts continue about the wisdom of 
fpnmirȣing thc rcfi^ecs to go_ home, a 
routine, even an inertia that mevitably sett 

in after a lot of mfflMy and resources have 

been speat in establishing camps, is setting 
in here. . . , , 

There are now dozens or mtemautmal 
relief ggendes supplying food, water and 
-aloo^ide soldiers from (he 
United States and France. 

The refugees are daily becemung more 
pEovindal leaders and tboK 
muter have drawn up a list of their 
constituents just as they did at home ThQr 
are out food ^ political favors 
according to the way it was in the hills of 
Rwanda The naiiow roads to the refugee 
f-flmp; have become congested with food 
and water trudES. 

And there is the strong Ukdibood that 
the refugees will become politically orga- 
nized and present a chaPenge to the new 
Rwandan gpyemment. The old Rwandan 
Anny is mflUng around the refugee camps. 
fanmng the already strong fear of the new 
govenuneoL 


jhi 


I 

I • - 


IVORY COAST; Years of Disastrous Policies Are Blamed for Africans Economic I^ht 


CootiDoed from Page I 
down to disastrous ecoaomic 
policies. 

Most African gpverrtments 
intervene heavily and ineffi- 
ciently in nearly every econom- 
ic sector. Hundreds of uncom- 
petitive state-owned 
monopolies snoother business 
competiiioo. High taxes and 
tariffs throttle international 
trade and foreign investmenu 
Unsustainable price subsidies 
and wdfare benefits for city 
dwellers lead to heavy govern- 
ment borrowing and, in some 
cases, hi^ rates of inflation. 

Artificially high exchange 
rates for many African curren- 
cies, which make it easier for 
urban elites to buy cheap luxury 
imports, smother exports and 
punish farmers in the country- 
side, where most of Africa's 
poorest live. Corruption and 
theft Ity government leaders 
and their ames sap national sav- 
ings that might otherwise be re- 
invested in productive business- 
es. 

“This is my country too. so 1 
have the right to work without 


giving someone money under- 
neath the table.” complained 
Bergson Koffi. a U.S.-tralned 
Ivorian businessman who said 
he had spent about Si million 
since 1986 trying unsuccessfully 
to get licenses for a new cellular 
phone company. 

Mr. KofC assened that gov- 
enunent emplco'ces involv^ in 
potentially competitive deals 
were blocking his progress. 
“They're trying to make me 
waste lime so I will give up,” be 
said. 

Many businessmen do just 
thaL As the pressures of failed 
economic policies have caused 
.African economies to shrink, 
political instability and ethnic 
conflict have risen, frightening 
off foreign investors and crip- 
pling local businesses. 

Japanese car and truck mak- 
ers, for example, keep their in- 
ventories floating on container 
ships off the East African coast, 
docking only when they have an 
order, because they judge it too 
risky and inefficiem to keep 
their vehicles in shouTooms, ac- 


cording to the Harvard Univer- 
sity Business School. 

One worsening problem is a 
relative lack of skill^ manag- 
ers. Unlike in other regions of 
the Third World, African gov- 
ernments did not use heavy 
control over their economies af- 
ter ind^endence to force rapid 
indusirialization. with its side 
benefits of new technologies 
and trained work forces. In- 
stead, they relied on agricultur- 
al and mineral exports, which 
among other things provided 
easy money for crooked govern- 
ments. 

Today. S9 out of ev’ery SlU 
earned from African exports 
comes from raw materials and 
agricultural crops, by far the 
highest percentage worldwide. 
Such exports typically pass 
through inefficient govem- 
raent-coDtrolled marketing 
boards that are widely de- 
scribed as money machines for 
government ministers and their 
political allies. Fanners them- 
selves are heavily taxed, directly 
and indirectly. 

“'ll was a clear political 


choice that the government will 
control all the money coming 
into the country” from cocoa 
and coffee exports, said an 
Ivorian businessman, Mahama- 
dou Sylla. 

Small and fragile to begin 
with. sub-Saharan Africa's m- 
dustriaJ sector has shrunk even 
faster during the last decade 
than its overall economy, ac- 
cording to the Overseas Dwl- 
^inent Institute. New foreign 
investment in African industry. 


Bank, under what bankers and 
diplomats describe as heavy 
French pressure; has locked in 
laig$ suim to support these 


West African governments, m- 
>f Ivory Coast 


although ^o^g, is a tiny frac- 
)fsi ■ ■ 


tion of such investment worid- 
wide. 

Western banks, governments 
and multilateral agencies some- 
times reinforce failure in Africa 
with poorly deigned or s^- 
imereked loan and aid pro- 
grams, according to some crit- 
ics, both Western and African. 

In West Africa, for example, 
France spends what diplomats 
estimate to be S2 billion to $5 
billion annually to subsidize 
former colomes that today pur- 
sue what many Western econo- 
mists see as highly ineffident 
economic polides. The World 


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duding that of Ivory 

Some Western-funded eco- 
nomic polides that many econt- 
omists see as ioeffident fm* Af- 
ricans have nonetheless 
benefited Western business and 
political interests, said ecoao- 
mists, diplomats business- 
men. 

Bank officials say that vriifle 
some of thdr past pdides may 
be debatable, the bulk of re- 
sponsibility for failure lies with 
redpient African govenmients. 
And lately, they economists ar- 
gue, there are dgns of new com- 
mitment to economic reform in 
many sub-Saharan African 
countries. 

Indeed, while the icon's 
overall economic picture is 
gloonty, there are pockets of ex- 
ception where governments 
have aggr^vdy pursued free- 
market-oriented reform pro- 
grams and have been rewarded 
with persistent economic 
growth. 

In Ghana, where President 
Jerry Rawlings has stuck with 
painful refonns for a decade, 
tiie economy has grown by an 
average 5 to 6 penxnt each year 
since 1983. Tbc World Bank, 
which deqierateiy needs an Af- 
rican success story to serve as a 
model for its economic pre- 
scriptions, praises Gluma as a 
regional leader. As with Ivory 
Coast earlier, however, the 
question is whether Ghana's 
achievements wifl JasL 


No Compromise in Nigeria 

R^ime’s Foes Steadfast on Abiola Presidency 


By Howard W. French 

Vete York Times Sendee 

LAGOS — Witii tenaon growing from 
more than a incmth of strikes, oppements of 
military rule in Nigeria are si gnaling that tl^ 

win aoc^t no solution to this conntty's politi- 
cal crias shot of the installation of the man 
noddy bdieved to have won the presidential 
election last year. 

With most workers in the country’s eco- 
nomic capitaL Lagos, joining in a strike by 
employees of the oountrys wal industry, 

1 — J — V?- I .......1... 


t-oontnflled radio 
annonnoed the bail on 



Abiola, an opposi- 
tirni leader and the presumed winner in the 
June 12, 1993, natio^ dectiems. 

He has been jailed oa treason charges since, 
late June for his attempt that month to ciawn 
the presidentty. 

In a series of maneavers that surprised even 
dose assodates of Mr. Abiola, lawyers and 
labor leaders who were apparently acting al 


sition leader's fdease on before a federal 
judge in Abuja, the federal capitaL on Frid^. 

Although the request was granted, Mr. 
Abiola, w^ose xrife says he was not con^ted 
over the petitiem, decked the offer of free- 
dom because it required him to ndrain from 
meeting with or addressing support^ and 
would have barred .him from 'leaving the 
country. 

"Even if th^ rdease Chief Alriola imcbndi- 
tionalJy, discu^ons must b^in for a smooth 
transition to actualize his prcsidimcy before 
we call off our strike," said Frank Kokori. 
general secretary Nupeng, a striking. oO 
workers unioa.” 


Rssideiits of Lagos, a stronghold of Mr. 
Abiola’s Yoruba ethnic . group, seemed 


dieered when 
and television 
Friday. 

But the mood quickly darkened as reports 
of the conditions on the pre^osed release, 
llie conditiems would have vmtiially required 
Mr. Almtia to refoin from pditics, and of- 
fered no solntion to the conntiy’s criris. 

*These mititaiy fcflks don't seem to realize 
that ^ey are playing with fire,** said one 
Lagos rteidenL 

Labor leaders and residents said they ex- 
pected that (his city would remain on strike 
tins week, despite an announcement by the 
head of the Nigerian Labor Congress, an 
umbrella organization for many of the coun- 
try’s imioas, tiiat a nationwide strike called 
lak Wednesday was suq>BDded to allow talks 
mth' the mflitaiy to continue. 

For many, tms conntiy*s deepening crisis 
has disturbing parallels to the period before 
. the outbreak of a vudent three-year cavil war 
' in 1967 over the attempted secesrion of the 
southeastern re^cm of Biafra. 

Residents ctf the predominantly Yoruba 
soutfawestem pari of the country have grown 
increasingly militant in their demands for 
democracy, insisting on respect for the results 
of last y^s election, wtech Mr. Abiola, a 
Yoroba, is widely bdieved to have won. 

The country^ predommajaUy Muslim 
north has laigdy ccmtiiuied to support the 
imiUt^, anl^ its residrats^ve long 
dominated. 

Tlie southeast, where most of Nigeria's oil 
is produced, meanwhile, has grown iricreas- 
ix^ restive over what many of its residents 
say is an unfair distribution of wealth favor- 
ing the two other r^ions. Nigeria receives ^ 

' percent of its export durain^ from the sale of 
•oiL • 


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FEAR OF FIFTY: 

A Midlife Memoir 

By Erica Jong. 325 pages. $24. 
HarperCtJlms. 


WHAT THEY RE READING 


Reviewed by Lynn Freed 


A nyone comii^ to “Fear 
of Fifty" for Twsdom on 


hormone-rqrlaoemeot therapy, 
post-mcDOTausal zest, gray 
power will be disappointed. 
This book has no more to do 
with the fear of being 50 than 
“Fear of Flying” has to do with 
the fear of Dymg What Erica 
Jong, at 50, has written is a 


• Thomas Dove, a ristiFed 
U.S. Service ^ficer 

who served m Int^and Nepal, 
has just read “*Of Dreams and 
Demons: An Indian Maneer, ** Ity 

Patwant Singh- 

“This sup^ book tells how 
Indian leaders disastrously 
played conunun^ politics, 
Kinging their own dratruction 
and endan^ring the secular 
state with the possibility of Hin- 
du fundamentalist rule.'* (IHT) 



' Letters of Crtdt 
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- . fell in love with Ita^ as if it goddess.** (Woody-Alien comes 

funny, pungont ^ highly en- were a man'O. In the picaresque m for some flak on tins score.) 
tertammg memoir of her grow- course of acquiring five hus- “She is discriminaf^ agatnet 
ittg up, her men. her marriages, bands and a multitude of lov^ first as a woman, then as an 


of a sodety is what cannot be 
said. And women's work stiO 
cannot be said. It*s called whin- 
ing.** “Wommi in America may 
have the best bathrooms to 
dean. But th^ often have no 
one* to share their chiiHre p 
witiu” “A woman's ability to 
achieve dqrends on diil^ras- 
ness or child care.” 

To^BCber with her talent for 
summing up the compl ex ities erf 
life and for malring the particn- 
lanties of her own life univer^ 
s^ significant, Jong has the 
^ of taking ha reader along 
with 1^ for the ride. Her as- 
sumption that -this reader is 
a fan does not, surprisingly, gel 
<m one's nerves. On the con- 


her motherhood, her writmg, ers, Jong is lusty to the point of aging woman, then as an ggmp the assunqition is ra&er 

her successes and her failures fascination. — « -o— o entertainwie i..e *. 1 ..... - 


on all fronts. And she has done 
so, of course, with her custom- 
ary candor. 

For all its apparent simplic- 
ity, candor 1 $ not easy to 
Sleeve. Truth hides behind cli- 
ches of eveiy sort, bdiind pride, 
behind cultural imperatives to 
sefl, sefl, sell oneself. To come 
up with an accorate accounting 
and anaiy^ of one’s motives, 
one's reactions, one’s fears and 
deoqrtions, one needs to work 
down to t^ truth and then to 
know it when one sees it And 
finally, to be brave enough to 
bring it into the li^L It is here 
that Jong tritunp^ Apart from 
anything rise, her memoir, like 
so mudi good fiction, is a deli- 
dous concoctioa of gossip. 

It is also, in a way, the confes- 
sion 
woman, 
time, without the dead end. 
Jong is ambitious, enchanted 


Believing that sex and cre- 
ativity are allied, ^'oonsidera 
her lust as a sort of ^t, a ^t 
that is bound up with hCT own 
brand of romance. A visit to an 
S&M joint, for instance, leaves 
her straie odd. A visit from an 
Iridi poet, vriiose ^ann has 
vanished, has the same effect 
(althon^ die obliginriy 
love to him even s^. On the 
sutgect of men and women, she 
is refrediingly incoirect politi- 
cally. She is also ho- 

feminist critics, hurt by criti- 
dsm in generaL Terrified of it, 
in facL 


Jewish woman. 

What is less successful in tiiis . 

book is the inteipolatian of her - ^ ^ one-wonum band that, 

own earlier work into tiie texL somehow, indudes a strip show. 


entertaining. She has taka a 
lesson from Norman Mailer. 


into tiie texL 
Hie poems and stretches of 
prose from other books rather 
undercut the narrative. StiD, 
there are any number of pithy 
comments on the gitiiati/vn of 
wranen in America: “The truth 


She is Erica Jong. 


■Ziynn Freed, whose most re- 
cent navel is **The Bungalow," 
wwe this for The Washington 
Post, 


BRIDGE 


“Often,” she writes, “I have 


By Alan Tmscott 

O N the diagramed deal, 
_ played^ before five-card 
majof openings became stan- 


when East took the ace he was 

on lead in this position: 


tricked mysdf into writing with, daril Sonth reached thim no- 
candor by telling myself I trump. 
wouM not publish (or would Ine diamond jack was led 


East made a good effort to 
recover fiom his.eariier errOT by 
leading the dub queen. ap- 
pears to guarantee three more 


of a desperately romantic publish only under a pseud- and won with dummy's queen. for he played 

an, a sort of Bovary of our ony™ — even a male . A heart was led. East played ‘Ow from h» hand and dropped 
- - pseud onym).* Instead she Iw, and the kmg Won m the ™ dummy. 


“I had written (nunYsidn clo^ hand. South led a dia There was then no wav to di» 
with a Name ~ John Updike, *uid stood before the wraid like tutmd, and West put up the ace !^^™“om«aclnnghisown 
Arthur Miller, Ted HSbra! a naked tattooed lady." “d played tiw ten, driving out MMi making his game. 

The b(»k ii in fact fiiU of , 

wisdom, quips, advice, anco- to make two dis- 

dotesOn the writing process, the bv part- 

writing life, and on the miseries *“¥*.®^* 

of fame and celebrity. “The 

Jewish woman writer is dis- A heart was led, and 

criminated gainst Ity Gentiles, . 


Joan CoHins, Ken FtAett, Hil- 
luy Rodham Clinton, to men- 
tion a few. A Name, however, is 
not what she seems to want in a 
lover or a husband, her mar- 
ries to the novelist Howard 
Fast's son noiwithstandinL 
Again and again we are told 
how she “pronqrtly falls in 
love” with men a^ occasional- 
ly mth countries, viz. Italy (“I 


NORTH (D) 
4AKQ8 
^104 
0 KQS3 


who see her as loud, overwdght, 
demanding and Ity Jews, who 
see her as ferocious sacrific- 
ing incarnation of the motiier 


NORTH 

A8 

o — 

*A Js 


WEST 
A lOS 
t?872 
0 A J 10 9 2 
«K74 


For inveslmeitt hiib^^ 


read THE MOJEY REPORT 


WEST 
A — 

9 — 

092 
• K74 


BAST 
A J 

9 J 
O — 
«Q92 
SOUTH 

A — 

9Q8 
6 — 

«!086 


EAST 
A J9632 
^ AJ93 
07 
«Q92 
SOUTH 
474 

OKqes 

^864 

*10863 


^ was vulnerable The 
East 


North 

1 A 

3N.T. 


South West 

1 N.T. Pass 

Pass Pass 

W*si led ihe cUarnoiid ja^ 

















I Lo\ji 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


Defector Says Saudis 




''■ ^ *. . A-' ^ 

.;. A "•'.'« vfl-i • « ••jW.^.y • .. •;.'' 




.. .,,w. 

•nV- 

^ fi 

: ,, ?,■:«• Iv 







By Paid Lewis " mbiI6iiitt:SDw 

tew yoifc rm : ■ .Sa^i^i%sigi^ the Nu^ 

UNlTgft NA7?OMS: *^*®**' NofflprwfeiatiQn Treaty 

Ypik - A 

seeing jpoliiical agytaiaBitQ^the- 
UmtedStatoass^thMj^^ 

Arabia tried siw then to agn a 

search teactoralrAcmMa.'^ g^?^ 

from, aa American ediBoiaiw;iiU>iSSS^?*^*^“'^^^ 

1989aspanofased«Sr<irtto'«'AtomipB)^ as 

dcwJop nudw weaboia ^.,;;,-iegiBrtdJ^ 
la an mienmTSevfoi^^ aa i^^ira re- 

diplomat, MoTia mm i^ A.,':* tbel&iidis to'dedare any' 
Kmei^ who m it pos- 

rankisg nfRpwii intfr- 

Mis^cm to the UnhedWatM^ • n^onal iaqpecticb. 
l^iK^ lettera fo Si^ppdSJiip^^ Me. Kbiletri 

adl e ga tio nSb, evidence cop- 

Chie^.dated JaiLld^l9^ finning newspapff and tdevjh 
peered to be ' siofi aeperts that, the Saudis 

Nudear'Enomlib^^^iQcA', ^ dpotobuted ai^^ biOi^ to 
m-Begingu>!rai^AbddRi&-^ cqveit'nud^ program 










R k»"iies".:i»rv •'*..vu 

r-h 

i^.. ■: ■*.«,'' 


s^'. -.sn’j 



y *\ * 

l!?V 


'••* R.-.X -IK^ 


A>’ ■r.fTrt 




inan^ a 


iature neutreia 

to Saudi Ahth^ ..p^ the. 
prince 

The letfier'does abt state die 
cost Pigyrh rtnTnj|y. mirJi. rn 
actors as .smdl aio&sjnntable 


te.OKtti sioa neperts that, the Saudis 
/■Cpaaibuted about'SS biOi^ to 
cqveit'nud^ proj^m 
ig"Fah^.. mme.'.ydirs feaduig up to the 
ifw^Eig.- lam iavariofi . of .Kxnsait' in ' 
^tt^^Boia- ..I99iLTlieaQiahcecoD^sedaf- 
TBacton ' 'ihr^ invasic^ he saaA. 

■p^ the. ' . r^orts said dm Central 
psggBjjgn ^^Intdlm^ Agaii^ concluded 
in 19W ttmit Saudi Arabia had 
siatedie Jieh^tt>bankr(dl (he program 
..inrcstmnfprait^bfwettKm 
;^vtoble , and te^mblo^ de?doped by 








for ies!»rch,"^.w^ re&tiviily- I^. . 

siiiaJe afflplicaik)na.\ . - .....Mr. Khilew said Saudi Ara> 


mm 


In'.aadttmr dated Fd>.: bia hi 
S, 1989, to a sexnqr <^Bdal at -todei 
lUyiuih Uniueisity,'PcifioeAbd^ its ov 
d Rahman reports omMis^ijEo,,.. .tedin' 
Chraese.niid^. industries Ins 
says Sandi Aral^ he^ a .' first ( 
dear raactor and limning, pro- staid: 
gram.*' into 

Mr. Kluiewi provided an' ptogn 
Eng^di trtmdatkm of diat Ut’ -mg. s 
ter, uditdhiraainAiiald&. conm 
In a letter dated May 16, mdee 
1989, ro.a ctmqiaitylh AleKSn- Bui 
dda, VngmiA cdM 'Marine itqip 
Servioes.l^aseniiOTdSdaltd xeaetc 
the King Abdd Ariz CStylbr - CSS 
Science m«l systea 

knowlet^xeix^ a^‘*doca- ; staxte 


iature'- Nentroit ' ‘ Source 
Reacim’- and pram^ to give 
them^caxefidrovieiri** - 

A^%d 'about Mr. KhSewTs 
dainu^'an cf rite Saudi 

jty of the dbouadits .Satarday 
in a tde^dtone iraU -fnm .Paiu. 
bat did not commit '<m fheir 
substance. 

Me. IQiQevn saQis be has 
14,000 dbcumeats .mp^ hn- 
man-riglrts abiiri^ fa roftm* 
and cbinipti b tf*^ '^^^Sandi- 


biahad not o^dnaDy piannwi 
'(odevdem a nudear.pibgram rd 
its own because it la^ed. the 
t^noloMcal eapertisc. 

Instead^ he asserted, it sou^t 
first to. fai^iiito a oOyat P& 
staid nnd^ program and then 
into lia^ unctear weapt^ 
program m the hope of obtain- 
-mgi* aicnBc. aims, from .these 
countries j^'.theteclmdogy to 
mdee them diaa itsdf . 

But in 1985, two years befme 
it qipicaidied Onna fornncleBr 
■xeaetms and bou^t a Gbinese 
CSS 2 maEasPnagfi mfesile 
^^steo^ be said,'*^Sac^ Aral^ 
started to think serionriy aibeut 
starring its own aodear weq>> 
OZ0 propauL*' . 




«*■ •/ .L» •'‘V^i’SSj 

’“•q 








| *%fcvv*v<, ^ . .. 

••'•.•• •.,?!%<•. v«- 


Anlid IIIkms/TIk AMOCidied Pia, 

SINdN* INTHESUN— ^MBchaelJadkSon and bis vrife, Tisa Marie Pic^^, being 
s jdeMe d Semday from (be Budapest beat He was making a music video for next 

aDioni, in winch be is depicted as freeing Eastmi Emt^ from Sori^ donrinatioa 


Germans Gather to Protest Neo-Nazis 


for ptAriCd ^vhira mm 
request is peamqg. 

m the inierriew Fri<hty, 
KbSewi assdted th^wattt ite' 
left San£ Anitas 
he bdkared thto toe 
had two indiec h ii bg'ra gdg^ 
actonk He eftestd no doeb- 


', ■ ' '.*• Xanm-. 

■ B(WW_^,Pohc« cracked 
down 'oe youths in 

'^SBvadpartref EasCera Genoa- 
-jtydura 3 gdie ;Bed:^^ as prp-; 
testeis riuM agaius t n^Niizis 
(mb p s at 

"I hicfe ai aii aM and BeEgaa-Bdseo. 
^ :Ai a oeranony Snoday at 


^ju imv e J BB ity 'Of the '.k8httgs of 
. iihe last Oypries beU In the 
' Auschwira'^ttonau canqis, the 
raxddeof/^ Rita 

BBssniQSli,:rac^ fhe 500^000 


Gypsies gassed to death by the 
Nazis. 

' *T am de^ly disturbed (hat 
Gypaes are t^ain today being 
att^ed and threaten^" she 
.raid. 

' ' to the sUtto ctf Brutdenburg, 
just outside Berlin, police broke 
up ap^thering of about 30 neo- 
Nazis late SaiDFday, detaining 
•six of them, a spo^sman said 
Sunday. The rightists shouted 
**Heil Ifitier'* and greeted the 
police ^th Nazi salutes. 

In Buchenwald on Saturday. 


i^cnRi^i^e ThreatyUS, Sa^ 


CbratoiM'fidral^l'^ . ' 

both in Mium as as in 
Cuba -—is sow calm-” 

/' (AFt Smiters) 

WUHmi 'Boia^ ^ The JVaA- 
ittpOH Post rotated earlier 
Miami:'. 

HaWuia m r^iorted to be 
tehsobuit qmet,. wito pdSoeaep 
and Comimuustfturty SB^ 
guarding Urn .waCeriin^c atec a 
rate show.of poiirical unrest. 

Crowds of Cubans, estimaied 
by some observers to hhve 
reached 8s^ many ra 
gathered.to Havmia inr.'Xto^ 
day and Friday, some to* iaiint 
goverasKot sechxttyfccces.aad 
chant /Down wiib.nidi” And 
in lhe 4 > tewo us lO dt(^ tfaiee 
pwwf^wffT fenies'had.bMS U-. 
jacked in Hayaxia harbor .Ity 
Cubans de^oaie to Bee. 


At rme poha BidiQ; Iniz^ 
dxeds of Cubans, also tned to 
toiard Qnn^ and Canaffian 
'frdl^ters in 'die port Security . 
. fdte^ raaxty widding gmis 
chibs, ffispcfsed hxmdreds. of 
nxk-4hrQwmgprotestas. 

After crowds in the mdee in 
Haviaim -were disposed Friday', 
Mir. Castro and other top offi- 
cids toto^-tbe oea. . : 

The Cuban news agency 
'Piensa litoe quoted Mr. Castro 
as saying, x^ecriz^ to the Unit- ' 
_ed Sraies, *'Bther take sen-* 

005 mearine . to . grard' tbeiT 
coasts, or we will stop putting 
obath^ in. the way of peepte 
who want to'leave .the oountiy 
mid we vrin stC 9 putting obsta- 
cles to . the way of peo^ who 

want to coqie and for their 

rdatitois beieL” : 


On Saturday, David J<dm- 
son, a State Department 
qifkeaman, said, *nnie United 
^tes has stated repeatedly 
that we win hot permit Fidd 
Cartro to dictate our ixomigra- 
tion policy or to create a replay' 
of ilto Matid boathto a cynicsu 
move on the part of Castro.” 
*^We urge ue Qiban govern- 
ment, to carefully consider all 
-fbe implications o( such indte- 
moit,* he said. ''We .ux^ tiie 
dtizens of Cuba and thdr rela- 
tives in the U.S. to remain calm 
and not to partidpate .in this 
jdoyL” 

• Cuban exile gcoiqs in Miami 
reported getting hundreds of 
rang from amtious rdatives,- 
did some exiles said they were 
ready to get in boats and go to 
Oiba. 


about 500 people demonstrated 
to protest a neo-Nazi rampage 
two weeks ago at the camp, 
where more than 50,000 pe^e 
were murdered by (be Nazis. 

J An caganizer of Saturday's 
rally said thity' hoped to' ^ow 
the world tba( the nugoiity of 
Ctormans deplored far-rigbi 
rowdiness and would no longer 
tolexale iL 

”We must transform anger 
into resistance,” said Pierre Du- 
man A president oi the Interna- 
tional Bucbenwald Committee. 

In nearby Gotha, meanwhile, 
dght young neo-Naris were de- 
lamed after booming out t^ied 
speedies ^ Addf Hiti^ and 
^htist skinhead muac from a 
stereo recorder, police said. Un- 
der German law, Nazi propa- 
ganda is banned., 

■ Youths Rkrt io Hamiover 

Several hundred punk rock- 
ers rampimed throegh Hanno- 
ver over the weekenA battling 
with police and vowing to lay 
waste to the city to their 
so-called “chaos day,” Reuters 
reported. 

More than 250 people were 
arrested after clasms with po- 
lice on Saturday night bringing 
the total namha of youths de-. 
tained since the riots b^an 00 
Friday to 600, police said. Sev- 
enteen officers were injured. 

' Punk rockers have b^ hold- 
ing “chaos days” tonually fm 
the last 10 yearn. 


BOSNIA: JEorodSi^ IBs Stand dgainst Pressure From MUasevic 


CoilaaedftmFaBel 

the recent sittper fire hra origixirt^ said a , 

UN rooktoman, Migor Dacxe HoDoway. .. 

[He said Ftebch peacdceepecs on - xhe .- 
eovenixnent side wow tiy to locate the 
Imxrce of saqi^ jSie; then radio tim Rnsr . 

' «»»ws , who would searidi on the snipo&- • • 
[to the no^ Bosnian Serbs launched a 

new iDund of ethnic dfiajmn& fordng. 
sore- than 60 Nfiislixn^ mostly wom^ 
(jtUdren and elderiy. from toar homes m 
BBeMina. Peter Kesder, a spdcesnp for 
the uN Ki^ Commxsamer. fet Refugees^, 
said the g)wap arrived late Saturday to 
• Bov«naneat-hdd Tuda. More tto 
Muslims have beca forced out oi Bgevtoa. ; 
to the last three week&] . 


Tlte iDove by hfr. Kandzic also tou^es 
a deeper (totod among the Serb people, 
who for centuries have inhabiied one oi 
..the'world's sreat invasion xoutes, battlmg 
Hangariab% Tuxks, Gennans and seddiers 
of theAixstro-Hungarian 
• By turutog toward and.- establishtoS 
caamulsoiy work teams to harvest crops, 
rotor fhOraies and prepare for more war, 
b^rKmadzic is trymgto retovigorate the 
opriring be has led for mote 
rtMw two years. To do tlus, he is trying to 
pm a vein <d defiance among his pet^le. 

view themsrives as underdogs. 

- *^e are pzepared to be Ismgcy^ naked 
■aiul toixefoot, hut we most fl^t for our 
•toeedom,” Mr. Karadzic.said. 


Ah example of his technique came to the 
reaction oi Bosnian Serb imlitary leaders 
to NATO's air strike Friday^ A brief com- 
mhniqu6 issoed by the Serb general com- 
mand said the air strike bit a Bosnian Serb 
xmfitaiy pemtion touth of Sarajevo *Vitb- 
out camalties.7 

The statonent sud the intent of the air 
strike was to trace the Serbs to ago the 
peace-jpian. 

Aocordmg to UN crfficers, however, the 
air strike was called is to stop the Serbs 
fioin diananding a ddicately constructed 
cease-fire that 1^ brought a measure of 
peace and txanquSlity to Sarajevo for the 
last -five SKU^ 


MIDEAST; 

Vouj of Reprisal 

CoDtinned from Page 1 
United States telling Israel how 
to conduct its policy.” 

Lrat summer, toari, Syria, 
Iran, LriranoD told the Hezbol- 
lah leadtoship reached an un- 
derstanding that Hezbollah 
wottto nto fme rockets ioio Isr^ 
d and in return the Israelis 
would not attack Lebanese. 

Mr. Feres urged reject fra 
that agreement and said Syria 
should use hs mfhxeoce with 
HteboHab. 

Mr. Christophersaid that the 
^iieatong vic^ce “only under^ 
scores the need for a peaceful 
resolution.” 

But his Syrian hosts, to a 
commentary broadcast on 
state-run Damascus radio 
shortly bdtoe his arrival, said 
Gmly 2 clear statement ftran Is- 
rad that it would withdraw 
fuOy fmn the Golan He^ts 
cotud luxblode the negetoatioos. 

“The rady new tbtog that 
makes the step for peace possi- 
ble is a dear statement by Israel 
committing itsdf to fuU with- 
drawal from the land to the pr^ 
1967 boundaries,” the radio 
said. 

Syria and Lebanon are the 
only participants to nearly three 
years of peace talks yrt to coo- 
dude even an interim peace 
drad with IsraeL Jordan and the 
Palestine Liberation Oiganiza- 
non have 


Pages 


First Phom (mU to Jordan 
From Israel Is an Invitation 

Ageace fraaee-Presse 

JERUSALEM — Frasident Ezer Wdzman ol Israd 
Tnftfiffti the ppentog of direct mtemational td^one links 
with Jordan Sunday by calling King Hussein to invite him to 
Jerusalem. 

He greeted the kiog to Arabic and then said in En^ish be 
wanted to the opportunity **to r^ieat an open toritation 
to visit toad and Jerusalem and this tune 1 will take you up.” 
On Wednesday, King Hussdn was the pilot in the first flight 
by a Jordanian aircraft over IsradL 

Mr. Wdzman, who is a former fighter pilot and command- 
er of the Israeli Air Force, told the king to tdephone him any I 
time he wanted, accor^g to the conversation broadcast Ity 
Isradi radJa 

The king repUed in Hebrew, saying "lodfl, ” or “thank you.” 

HAITI; General Predicts hm&en 


CootBiaeil bon Page 1 

to draw a line in the sand,” he 
said. “It's better not to have a 
deadline but to watch events 
and to move at the right mo- 
ment. I can assure you that the 
internatiraial community will 
do that” 

In his inlendew. General Ce- 
dras said: “If you travel across 
(he land, you see that every 
barracks is filled ^tb yotmg 
pec^le who are fighting to sign 
up and to get training because 
(bey know they must defend 
their country.” 

The idea tiiai nationalism 


would spur Haitians (0 a fierce 
defense against iavaaon was 
waved aride by Mr. Gray. He 
recalled that before the 1991 
U.S.-Ied ffiilitaiy operation to 
force Iraqi forces from Kuwait, 
Iraqi tdevirion was filled with 
ima^ cd people training to re- 
pel an invasion. “You saw how 
much that meant,” be said. 

De^te his fatalistic talk of 
an inevitable invasion. General 
C6dras repeated assertions that 
the criris would not be resolved 
by dqiosing him and other mili- 
taiy leaders and restoring Pleri- 
denl Jean-Bertrand Aristide to 
office. 


Paris Police 

Tmching 

Militants 


Reutas 

PARIS — Police fanned out 
across -Paris <sa Sunday after 
Algerian ^fundamentalists 
tto^tened reprisals if France 
failed to free 17 suspected Mus- 
lim mtotants. 

Some 3,000 people were 
Slopped on the streets of the 
cajntal, and 51 were taken infra 
questioning, a police official 
said. 

Most of the 51 were foragn- 
ers found to have irregularities 
in their identity papers, the offi- 
cial told Reuters, adding, 
“There could be more such op- 
erations today and in days to 
come.” 

Prance on Saturday dis- 
missed a demand by the mili- 
laiy wing of the Islamic Salva- 
tion Front to free the 17 
M uslims seized in France by 
anthorities following Wednes- 
day*s guerrilla attack on a 
French Emba^ housing com- 
pound to Algiers to vritidi five 
rrench offioals were lolled. 

The mOiiant Armed Islamic 
Gronp has daimed responsibil- 
ity fra the attack. On &tuxday 
the group warned Algerian stu- 
dents and teariiers to stay away 
from schools and umventities 
and said any that stayed open 
would be blown up or burnt 
down. 

The 17 detainees, accused by 
Interior Minister Charies Pas- 
qua of “support for terrorism” 
wl^ on French soaL were bdng 
hrid in an army camp in the 
vill^ of Folembray. 

The frrait has been banned in , 
Algeria and is a prime target 
a Frenrii cradtoown on sus- ! 
pected fundamentalists. 

Interior Ministty officials 
said it ordered a lightening of 
security across France. Praice 
surveillance was also increased 
at embassies, railway stations 
and aixports, officials said. 

Mr. Pasqua told French tele- 
virion all (» those detained had 
been served with expolrion or- 
ders. but he added mat France 
win not expel them at this time 
thdr lives would be in 
danger if they woe forced to 
return to Algnia. 


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MOra>AY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


raltt 


INTERNATIONAL 



n.'BUSHI'D wmi TIIK NKMi YORK TIMKS AND THK WAXHIWnON POST 


Enforce the Bosnia Plan 


So Far^ the West Has Missed a Historw Opportunity 


It isn't pretty what is happening in 
Bosnia, but pertops things are moving in 
a bettCT way. S^bia’s Sobodan Milose- 
vic, vho more than anyone lit the fire, 
got tough — physically tough — on hb 
political opposition of the even-more- 
r^id right. His evident purpose is to free 
himself to join the international progress 
that will era the war and start to unravel 
the economic sanctions and political iso- 
lation squeezing hi$ wearied nation. 

So poationra at home, Mr. h^osevic 
is now openly inasting that the Bosnian 
Serbs — in many but not all ways Us 
creatures — reverse course and accept the 
peace plan of the international **contact 
group." To make his point he is imposing 
an economic blockade, excrot for food 
and medidne, on the now isolated Bosni- 
an Serbs and inciting the people to turn 
against their leaders. He is trying to leash 
the monster he unleashed. 

This was the context in which NATO 
and the United Nations stiddenly broke 
free on Friday from four namby-pamby 
months of mudi talk and no action, and 
responded to the latest fbgrant Bosnian 
cease-Hre violation in Sar^evo vnth 
an air strike. True, it was a pinprick: two 
American warplanes with allied escort 


shot up an anti-tank vehicle after Bosni- 
an Serbs raided a UN weapons park; 
wary of possible counteratta^ on UN 
peacdceqjcrs, NATO and the United Na- 
tions made sure that the targeted vehicle 
had no people in or near iL But it was 
sufficient to induce the Bosnian Seibs to 
return Bve stolen heavy weapons. 

Meanwhile, the Muslim-led govern- 
ment of rump Bosnia, its aims improved 
cLudestindy, is readying what looks like 
an ambitious military offensive around 
Sar^evo. This is yet another pressure on 
the Bosnian Serbs to accept the peace 
terms offered by the United States, Rus- 
sia, Britain, France and Germany. 

Each party has its role in Bos^ The 
United States and its partners in the 
contact group should not shy from theirs. 
The peace plmi they wrote was flawed: it 
rolls back the Bosnian Serbs only partly, 
and condones much of th^ *^ethnic 
cleansing” and unilateral border-chang- 
ing. But, having written a plan, the five 
cannot fail to be serious about it. That 
means enforcing it, militarily if neces- 
sary. Air strikes conducted according to 
loDg-approved and agreed political stan- 
dards are a minimum requi r ement. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Is the President Listening? 


Give the Clinton administration Viit- 
nesses this. They were tireless in their 
le^listic evasions and prickly self-justifi- 
cations. Even with a new independent 
counsel on the case, their ‘laoihing hap- 
pened” defense may have thrown up 
enough smoke and elusion for them to 
avoid I^al trouble. But at what cost to an 
administration with a record of recklessly 
promiscuous conflict of int^est and to a 
president already suspected of being in- 
caroble of remembensg the whole truth? 

^ Clinton may have simply been 
blessin| bis aides' efforts to save their 
own skins, or jobs, when he said he had 
not watched the Whitewater hearii^. 
But if he spoke the truth, the confession 
suggests a man oblivious to the fact that 
his political ship, and hence his presi- 
dency, could break apart on the rocks of 
mismanagement and obfuscation. Cer- 
tainly be and his surrogates would not 
have dared proouse in 1992 to provide 
the kind of government described before 
the Senate Banking Committee. The ap- 
palling disingenuousness of Lloyd Cut- 
ler, Bernard Nussbaum, Jean Hanson, 
Ro^ Allman et al. reduced even the 
more thoughtful Democrats to hand- 
twisting disbelief. 

Like most Americans, the senators un- 
derstand that there are decent limits to 
partisanship and self-protection. Tl^ 
expect senior officials to operate with 
sound judgment, a sense of propriety and 
a minimal respect for the independence 
of investigative and re^ulatoiy agencies. 

In a world of nonnal expectations, for 
example, it would never occur to anyone 
that the acting bead of Resolution Trust 
Co|poration, Mr. Altman, would volun- 
tarily scurry to the White House to discuss 
even procedural issues, or that his counsel, 
Ms. Hanson, would alen intimates of the 
president and the first lady to investiga- 
tions involving them and their Arkan^ 
business partner. Mr. Altman, in his eager- 
ness to mgratiate himsdf with Mr. Clinton 
and to succeed Llpyd Bentsen as secretary 
of the Treasury, compromised his du^. 

Meanwhile, White House officials 
fought Mr. Altman’s decent instinct to 
recuse himself because they wanted a fail- 
safe mechanism that would allow them to 
monitor the supposedly independent in- 
vestigation an(L some nispect, intervene 
to block a finding hostile to Mr. Clinton 
and his freewheeling Arkansas confeder- 
ate, James McDougal. 


The White House line is that notb^ 
filial or unethical happened. That sim- 
ply means that the participants were 
cai^ul and the nation fudry — this time. 

But it misses the larger point These 
people tainted the proc e sses agreed to over 
the decades by Democrats emd R^ubli- 
cans alike. That is why we see Democrats 
Iflte Donald Ri^le, chaifrnan of the Sen- 
ate ftanlring Cntnmittee, tcllmg Mr. NuSS- 
baum that he was sii^ly wrong to com- 
ment on recusal decisions affecting the 
RTC. That is why we see Democratic 
exemets like Representative Henry <^n- 
zdez reduced to the role of court jester. 

The Whitewater hearings provided an 
insight into a continuing problerrt The 
Clinton lo^hsts think ih^ can poke and 
snoop an^^ere in defending me presi- 
dent’s political interests. Such has been 
their ^lerating s^le since inauguratira 
day. That is why. early on, the Federal 
Bureau of Investi^lion was misused to 
build a case agaiipt the White House 
travel office. That is why in the last few 
days we have learned that files belonging 
to the late Vincent Foster, which should 
have been t^vered to the propCT au- 
thorities, spmt five days in a safe in the 
residential wing of the White House. 

What can tra Clinton administration 
do to restore its reputation, assuming that 
thi^roblem mterests Mr. Clinton? 

Cleariy. the Treasury Department, 
which must work closely witn Capitol 
Hill has no credibility with Congress and 
will have none as long as Mr. Altman, 
Ms. Hanson and the comical Joshua 
Steiner remain. The Senate Banking 
Committee seems willing to believe Se<> 
retajy Bentsen when he says be did not 
know until March what the others were 
up to. So the door is open for Mr. Bentsen 
to clean house and install a new team if 
Mr. CUnton will |jve him the go-ah^. 

W^t Mr. Qmton thinks or wants 
when it comes to public and congressio- 
nal confidence is a mystery. In the last 
decade of the 20ih century we have a 
White House that operates 19tb oemu- 

ry rules of political intrigue — hidden 
files and clandestine tip-offs. The hard- 
ened pols on the Senate Banking Com- 
mittee explained the bipartisan rSebook 
on rnodern governance to the administra- 
tioiL But in this White Hou^ it is bard to 
know if anyone — including the boss, 
especially the boss — is Osteoing. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


(kher Comment 


WiO Haiti Seta Preoedenf? 

UN Security Council authorization of 
a possible U.S. invasion of Haiti might 
hold implications for Nigeria, where de- 
mocracy is being denied. And also for 
Rwanda — a prime example of what 
happens when there is an absence of 
policy and a belated and uncoordinated 
international response. The United Na- 
tions’ decision may be bold and coura- 
geous, but it will leave the organization 
wide open in the future to charges of 
inconsistency. 

— The Star (Johannesburg). 

Watdimg Clinton on Burma 

With Canada now following the Euro- 
pean Union and Australia in making 
overtures to [Burma’s] ruling junta, the 
State Law and Order ^loration Coun- 
cil. the United States is in danger of 
becoming the Western world's odd man 


ouL How long that status will continue 
is anybody’s guess, for American foreign 
policy is not noted for its conrislency. 

Somalia demonstrated a lack of stam- 
ina. In [the former Yugoslavia], tte 
United Slates threatened to give the 
Serbs beU, then temporized. By sending 
the Reverend Jesse Jackson to Nigeria 
to express his concera over the military’s 
refusal to hand over power to a civilian 
government, Presideat Clinton only be- 
trayed naivete. His pussyfooting over 
Haiti strengthens the suspicion that the 
Americans may have lost the will to take 
decisive action even in developments on 
their own doorstep. 

A record of pusiUanimi^ and vacilla- 
tion will be sealed if the United States 
follows Canada in seeking a dialt^e 
with the SLORC in [Burma]. Of the 
independent initiative that mi^t rescue 
American foreign poli^ from the charge 
of flip-flopping, there is still no trace. 

— 7%e StraUs Times (Sinffgwre). 


International Herald Tnbune 

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L ondon — For those who wonder 
/ about the future of the West, August 
is the bleakest moQtL It contains so many 
annivosaries of the past century’s b^nr 
nings and endings: tbe start (tf the nist 
world war, the finish the secrad, the 
failed coup in Moscow that finaDy buried 
communism. As we trudge through these 
anticliroactic mid-1990s, August is a time 
to recognize how lamentabbr we have 
failed to make use <tf the great oppommiQr 
the histoiy of the 20di CKoony has offered. 

Conrider last Friday’s detruction by 
air attadc outside Sarajevo of a angle 
Bosnian Seri) anti-tank guiL NATO acts, 
Serbs are warned, shoum tbe headlines. 
Yet unless this one-gun skimush is fol- 
lowed through with a determination so far 
unknown in the West’s record in ex-Yt^ 
slavia, this will not have been a serious 
miiitaiy action; baidy even a g^tuie, if 
that word means something deagned to 
make others sit up and behave differently. 
It mil have been mere gesticulation. 

That gun was only one (tf several known 
tobeintbe"exdusionzone'’ around Saia- 
jeva Even if the Sert» pull the othen ont, 
utter ejqxrience suggests that they will 
soon slip new ones in, unchallenged. 

Moreover, the NATO air attack was a 
repose to the Serbs’ seizu r e of several 
armored vehides from a site supposedly 
being guarded by the United Nations. 
The vehides have been handed back bat 
the unrdiability of the UN guards has 
been dangerously esqxised. In miiitaiy 
terms the Serbs have lost nothing in this 
exchange. In political terms they may 
therefore have won yet another round. 

If the West were in eamesL it would 
now insist the dcsxuUtaxized zones 
around Sardevo and Goiazde be 'Miolly 
deared, and k^t deared. It would also 
leap upon last wade’s offer by Serif's 


By Brian Beedham 

President Slobodan ^fflosevic to stop 
h^MOg the Bosnian Serbs. He said the 
same ^ year, but did not do iL Ihis thxie 
he should be told: “Thank you, Mr. ^^o- 
sevic. NATO is seodmg troops to help you 
control the bridges over the river Drina." 
Only this would guarantee the isolation 
of Bosnia's Serbs, and perhaps make 
them accept a half-decent peace. 

Let us see over the coining week if the 
WesL this time, is in eamesL If it is noL 


mmleadenandnonled,now 

amtem^ateacastfyfaUure. 

its self-cnicifixioa in Bosnia will contin- 
ue, and so will the mdancholy August 
examinatkm accounts. 

North Korea’s denudearization is still 
in grave do^L The Rwanda eama^ 
be qneading into BumndL Algena has 
just tottered a stq) doser to takeover 1^ an 

Tdamic regime nme ferociously anti- 
Western than it would hare been if the 
West had shown more sense in 1992. So- 
malia is kfL near foigotteo, to its private 
agonies. If America does eventually march 
into Haiti, that win be a very modest credit 
to set against sudi a stack of dduts. 

Of course, each of these tribolations of 
the 1990s has had its own local cause. But 
eadi of them has been made worse by the 
West’s unwillinraess to look ahead dear- 
ly, and act with resohitioa. in the ea^ 
stages of the trouble The West has 
haved Ute this because it did not see the 
chance that history handed to it five 


yrars .ago, or conumplaie price of 
misang tlrat chance. 

What ahen' the Russians abandoned 
Eastern Europe, and tiiecolhpse of com- 
munism start^ was tbe completion of a 
cyde of hiscoiy tiiat b^an with the out- 
break World War I in 1914. Tbe 1914- 

1918 war, by destro^ng the old pattern 
<k nation-states, brou^ a new sort of 
competition into the world — a compe- 
tition of ideologies, the 70-year-long, 
tluee-sided struggle between democracy, 
fasdsm and <*ftmiYHiniRin_ It took anothi^ 
world war to beat fasdsi^ and the Cold 
War to remove ocumnunisin. 

By tbe start oi tbe 1990^ that cyde 
over, the democracies were in opmnumd 
of t^ stue. If thCT had applied them- 
sdvm to the inevitable early ooafusira ^ 
the post-Cold War pex^ with cUri^ 
andcoucage — as th^ did; briefly, in tfaie 
Gulf War — tbe scene this August would 
be far bitter than it is. 

ff the deniocracies had had clear eyes 
and a bold hand, they could in 1991 d- 
most ceitainN bare stciro^ the emerging 
hoTRir in ex-Yiuoslavia. Die extra author 


honor in ex-Y i^oslavia. Tbe.extra author 
Hy and s^-confidence tims won would 
hare healed rfv™ to tadcle North Koiea’s- 
ghalieng e earlier, and probably with less 
ri^ If l^orth lOsrea were by now safdy 
noQ-nuedear, small tyrants like the gemer- 
als in Haiti would think twice oetoe 
ihnmhing thnr noses at the West 

Some uiiiigs were peilum beyond pre- 
vention or remedy, Rwanda amcmgtneni, 
but for the rest the old rule' of power 
ip^ied. Get one tfaing c^ht, and m the 
next test you wQl find yoinra streamer 
and the opposition weaker. Success hoists 
you c)n to new success. And, alas, fmlnie 
points you downhill to more fafluie. 

Why has it been an downhill latd^ 
UndeistandaUy, orc^aiy people in toe 


West wanted to relax after the CoW War. 

Thw knew that the necessary ^ort m 

Yugoslavia or, dsewhere wouW hare its 

price, in money and peah^ soldiers hves 

fdthough tte catoilarions now su^t 
that the price would probably not hare 
bem laree). TTiey were iduciant to it 
Less fotgivably, the poBtiaans did not 

eralain to them vriiy the price was almost 

cmtainly worth paying. So long as most 
of the West has a system of democracy 
whic^ ddegates deosion-making powCT 
between dections to a handful <« pohti- 
ftaws, those politicians must what 

needs to bedonc. and urge iif doing: mey 

must show the qualities of leader^p. 
Ihese past few years, in foreign policy, 

they have failed that test 

jrath pf^ifirians and pcopte oot- 
leadezs and nonled, now contemplate the 
cost of that faOnie. It is not just that we 
have to lire with the nagging of our 
erasdences aboiri a steadily growing 
of Somdias and the resL The 

even haidwr cost is the damage we have 

' done to our own future. 

The West stands smaller in the worid s 
eyes th^ it did those few yeara ago. That 

Js why ntinor tou^is in Pale and 

P<«-aiHft3nce reckon th^ can probably 
get 'a^y with defying the democraaes. 
We stand smaller in cur own eyes. 

' Tiiat is vriiy, when we say that this time 
we really to do something, our 

voices sexmd unccxivuicing. 

If by the OGDtnzy’s end nodear weapons 
are prolifeiming temoesdessiy, Rus^ is 
storing vdiat-tfae West can and cannot do 
in Eastern Europe and the coast of North 
Afiica is in faosme hands, it will be partly 
becanse the West chose to spend tbe earfy 
1990s fast asle^ There is stiB time, but 
the dorfr on, siatm switdied 
The New York Times. 


The Hiroshima Debate Still Divides Americans, 49 Years On 


W ASHINGTON —The Unit- 
ed States dropped an atom- 
ic bomb on Hiroshima 49 yeans 
ago, and then another on Nagasa- 
l£ A year from now, on tbe SOth 
anniversary, we Americans will 
commemorate those pivotal 
events — but we lack a national 
consensus on what to say. 

Two divergent but widely held 
views define the dilemma. One 


The postwar generadons 
rapect iheirfathersfor 
Ihe sacrifices dieyrnade, 
but they reaiisse that the 
midear bombs that saved 
their faOters^ lives 
continue to threatmthdr 
ownandthdrckUdren*s, 


view sprang up as soon as tbe 
bombs exploded and the war 
ended. Its proponents are united 
on the many details that need to 
be induded in their story. Prop- 
erly told, it appeals to our na- 
tional self-ima^ 

Tbe other point of view, slow- 
er in coming to the fore, is more 
analytical, critical in its accep- 
tance of facts and concerned 
with historical contexL It is com- 
plex and, in the eyes of some, 
discomfiting. 

The first view recalls the 
morning of Aug. 6, 194S, when 


By Martm Harwit 


three B-29 Siqieifortresses ar- 
rived over Jean’s Inland Sea. 
One erf the aiicralL the Enola 
Gay, named for the pilot's moth- 
er, approached its Hiroshima 
taxgeL released its heavy pay- 
load, then veered to distance it- 
self from the bomb. Seconds lat- 
er, at 8:1S AM., the atomic 
bomb eiqploded over Hiroshima. 

The crew was stunned by tbe 
sigbL The blast rodted the air- 
crafL The 29-year old piloL Col- 
onel Paul W. Tibbets, command- 
er of the 509th Composite 
Group, which was train^ and 
tasked to deliver the bomb, was 
awed by the sight of the burning, 
devastated city below. To his co- 
pilot he remailced, **I think this 
is the end of the war." 

Five days and another atomic 
bomb later, Japan surrendered. 
Our troops were ecstatic. They 
would not have to die by the 
many tens of thousands in a 
bloody invasion of Japan. Tb^ 
would go home instead, settle 
down with their sweethearts, 
have children and lead normal 
lives. They had been asked to 
save the world for democracy, 
had accqned the challenge at 
great personal risk, and had 
come throu^ victorious. 

Approaching tbe 50th anni- 
versary of Hiroshima next year, 
these same men, now in their 
sjsventies, have asked the Na- 
tional Air and Space Museum, 
into whose care the Enola Gay 
was entrusted after the war, to 
put their aircraft on echibition. 


They want the museum to tell 
their story the way th^ have 
always told and retold it — a 
story of fighting a ruthless ene- 
my, perpetrator of barbaric mas- 
sacres lu China, the infamous 
attack at Pearl Harbor, the death 
march at Bataan, torture and ex- 
ecutions in prison camps, kami- 
kaze raids on our warships and 
deaths by the thousands for ev- 
eiy Phdfic island wrested away; 
a story of the world's top physi- 
cists working in secret to po*- 
fect a mighty weapon: a story of 
a powerful new aircraft, de- 
signed. built and first flown in 
just 24 months; a stoiy of ordi- 
nary dlizens, men and women, 
woAing logger to defeat a fe> 
rodous enemy. 

These are the themes et^ha- 


sized }jy tibose who foo^ so 
hard to secu r e freedom for their 
chtldrea and grandeWdr^ 

Tliore dnl^ton and granddiil-r 
dren by DOW are mature dtizens. 
For them, the atbnuc bomb .has 
added associations — ICBMs, 
m^ton warheads; the DEW 
line of eariy-waming statidis 
across norths N<Mlh America, 
45Hmnate warnings, first strike. 
Mutually Assured Destznctioa, 
nuclear winter ... 

Theirs was not . a worid of two 
small atomic bombs but of 
50,000, many-of udneh are 1,000 
times as powerful as the ones 
whkrft destroyed Hiroshima and 
NagasakL.Next year these youn- 
ger people will not only ram- 
memorate a bomb that ended the 
most terrible war. They wiQ also 
.hiye' reason lo edebrate-the ra-: 
straim that hasipiievailed for 


The FirebombingofGernmn CUies 

B omber Command made tiie dries mi^t have wondered aboi 
roost distinctive sioale British the daims made for tbe suoerio 


roost distinctive single British 
coniribulimi to the Second Worid 
War, perhaps even to tbe luslofy 
of warfare. For the first time a 
fleet of aircraft was built for tbe 
purpose of bombiqg another ooun- 
tty. From 1942 to 1945, a cam- 
paign <rf ’’strat^ic’^ — or “area” 
or “terror” — bombing destroyed 
most of the dties erf Gomany and 
killed 600,000 people^ most of 
them women and diOdren. If tde- 
vision covmage of war had been 
then what it u now, a Rwandan 
nho saw vriiat was done to tfai(»e 


Straining to Discredit the President 


B oston — The desperate 
nature of the Rqiublkan 
effort to make something of 
Whitewater was ra naked dis- 
play in the Senate hearing on 
the death erf \fincent Foster. 
Partisan zeal would not yield to 
demental human decency. 

Ever since the assistant White 
House counsel committed sui- 
dde in July 1993. the politica! 
right has tried to use the death to 


Despite some fumblittg 
andevarion,theQinUm 
administrationhasbeen 
forthcoming compared 
with the Budi and 
Reaganadmmistraikm. 


attack President and Mrs. Qin- 
ton. Conservative commentatois 
claim that Mr. Foster IdDed him- 
self over the Whitewater affair, 
or was murdered. 

Just as crackpots from Mark 
Lane to Oliver Stone had a the- 
oiy about Preadeni John Ken- 
nroy's assassination, so with 
Mr. Foster they have come up 
with conspiracy fantasies. 

A newsletter suggested that 
he had died in a Virginia apart- 
menL and the body was moved 
to the park where it was found. 
Rush Umhaiig h repoiud that 
cha^tohlslai^audimce,eni- 
beOishing it to say that the news- 
letter "claims that Vmee Foster 
was murdered in an apartment 
owned by KlU^ ClintML'* 

All those claims were exhaus- 
tively investigated by the inde- 
pendent counsd at the time. 
Robert Fisks. His masrire r eport 
concluded that Mr. Foster com- 
mitted suidde because be was 
depressed, as he had beo) earlier 
in his life. The many colleagues. 


By Anthony Lewis 


family and friends questioned 
the counseTs staff said he had 
never mentioned Whitewater as 
a cause for Gonoem. 

That did not stop the partisan 
conspiiacists. Th^ turned , on 
Mr. Fiske, a higj^ rejected 
former federal prosecutor, and 
charged that he had sold out 

Lak month. Mr. Foster’s 
family pleaded for an end to the 
use of “outrageous innuendo 
and speculation for {wlitical 
ends.” It was "so unfair,” the 
siaiement added, "for the fam- 
ily’s privacy and emotions to be 
pawns in a political struggle.'’ 

None of (hat gave Senator 
Alfonse D’Amato or his col- 
lea^tes on the Senate Banking 
Ctimmittee pa^ They had 
their day’s hearing on Mr. Fos- 
ter's death, but th^ got no sup- 
port for conspiracy theories. 
Special Agent Lany Monroe of 
the FBI smd there was “nothing 
sinister whateva'’ about Mr. 
Foster’s death. 

The hearing on Vincent Fos- 
ter was the low poioL But the 
whole first week of House and 
Senate bearings was sound and 
futy signifying nothing. 

The focus of attention was 
Roger Altman, dqnity secreu^ 
of me Treasury. La congressio- 
nal testimony last Februaty be 
said he had had “one substan- 
tive contact with White House 
stafr on Whitewater matters. 
To put it ptrfitely, that was a 
sUp^eiy statanenL 

Mr. Altman others at 
Treasury had man y Wldte House 
contacts, although not on ,’^sub- 
stance” in the sense of inside 
infonnatK» oa facts found in 
iitouiries touching Whitewater. 
White House staff were advised 
that a case might be referred to 
the Justice Department for pro- 
secution in which Piesidcat and 


Mrs. Clinton could be called as 
witnesses. 

Senators of both parties criti- 
cized Mr. Altman for shading 
his earlier testimony, and right- 
ly so. But in fact toere was nothr 
ing wroi^ vrith alerting the 
^l^te House; RqiubGcan pro- 
testations notwithkanding. 

Past presidents have been 
alerted by l«al offidals ag^ 
and again about posable in- 
volvement of themselves <m' 
their staff in pending matters. 
Ronald Reagan was, George 
Bush was — and 1 dare say 
President Thomas Jefferson 
was told that he might be 
drawn into tbe prosecution of 
Aaron Burr. 

The Qonirartkan ^fice of 
Goveniment Ethics found no 
violation of law or etfaicai stan- 
dards in the informing of the 
White House. That t^ice is 
beaded ^ a Bush appointee, 
Strahen D. Potts. 

One thi^ is indiroutable 
about Whitewater. Despite 
some fumbling and eyaaon, 
the Clinton administration ha* 
been forthcoming compared to 
the Bush and Rttigan adminis- 
trations. It called for an inde- 
pendent counsd, and every offi- 
cial asked to testify has deme so. 

Compare IrauTContra. Five 
Reagan White House staff 
members refused to testify be- 
fore the congressional inquiri^ 
until they were gven immunity 
from prosecution, and tfale Jus- 
tice Department sabotaged the 
special prosecutor' by with- 
holding evidence <m "rational, 
security” grounds. 

Or Lrai^ate. The Burii ad- 
ministration covered up the r» ! 
cord of its arms sales to Iraq 
before the Gulf War. 

Republicans may yet firto. . 
some pcditical gold in the rnuik.. 
of Whitewater, but so far theii ; 
^foiis k»k like partisan overii^ 
The New yiarib Times. ■ 


cities mi^t have wondered about 
the daims made for tbe superior- 
ity of Eurcqiera dvUzzatioo. 

. The destruction erf tbe German 
dties by fiiebombiDg was no dif- 
ferent in degree from, the atomic 
bombings pf Hiroshima and . 
.NagasakL It was the direct -pro^ 
^mitorof subsequent bombiiig^ 
civilians from Vietnam to Af- 
ghanistan; the predirsor, mdeeiL 
of the “mutual assured destnic-' 
tion” implied fay the contest be- 
tween nndear supetpowds. 

— Gec^^ lyhedlcroft, . 
commenting itt Ae Ini^endent 
on Sundc^ (London). . 

Rightin Wbrid WbrI 

E ven to this day, the notion 
of [Wcaid War 1] as a odleb- • 
tive European blunder peraists.. 
among many educated people. 
The myth should be eiqrfodai. Ex- 
tensive .modern research, above 
all by f Wman histori«n!B' , 
phun that the kaiser and his gov- 
ernment were indeed aggtesave 
mflitaiists, who sought faf^enaemy 
in Europe through a vicumous. 
conflict Had that neurotic war- 

nanceS^^^ would hare creat- 
ed a totalxiaiiaiiism exceeded onty 
by Naasm a ^eneratum later. 

Malting this ci^ today has 
nothing to do with'brimg gratu- . 
itousty beastly to our modem al- 
Ees and bartners the Gennans, 
but anquy reflects the n^ to 
resist the perpetuation, of clap- 
trap. Tt is.'an essential eLemratiii 
dvilized ddiate and befaarior to 
be eapalrfe^pf discerning a bal- 
ances blame for historic events. 
— />om an edSiorial in The 
Daify Tde^vph (Landtm). 


acentniy in which no man, wom- 
.. an or chBd-.has been killed ly an 
attHttie bomb. They want to ex- 
tend that xscoid to aQ. time. 

TheEnrrfaGayqnmbolizesthe 
end-erf one era and the b^inning 
of aikotliCT. For an older eenera- 
: tiatt, t^ aircraft- meant. the end 
of Worid War II;. for .youQger 
people; it. ushered in the nuclear 
age. The postwar generations re- 
^ q>ect their, fathers for the sacri- 
fkes th^ made, but they realize 
that the hncletf bombs that 
saved their fatiieis’ lives contin- 
ue to threaten their own and 
tfaec-'dindrea’s. 

These conflicting views pc»e 
the <tilwtimfl that the National 
Air and l^moe Museum faces as 
we prraare an ezhibitioii of the 
Enola Gay fw 1^95. 

- We want-tb honor the veterans 
who risked their lives and those 
who made the ultiinate sacrifice. 
Ihey served their country with 
distinctibii But we must also ad- . 
dress the broader questions that 
concern aibsequent generations 
-■-ncrfwithavicwmcritidcriogor - 
apologizing or. displayiag undue ' 
opmpassioa for tho^ on . tbe . 
' giXRiDd that datyvassoineniay fear, 
but to ddiver ra accurate portrays 
al . uducfa'Cqove^ the r^ty cX ■ 
atramc warand its ooosequenoes. 

To that end, the museum pro- 
poses to tdl the full stoiy sur- 
roundii^ the atomic bomb mud ! 
theendm World Warn; to recall ■ 
the options ' faciiu a newly in- ! 
stalled Presideat Harry Truman, 
who had never heard <rf the bcunb 
until the day he was sworn in; to ! 
examine the estimates of the ea- ■ 
snalties hfr. Truman anticipated ! 
if U.S. troops had to inva<te Ja- 
pan; to oontider the extent to ; 
which his wirii to impress a 
threatening Soviet Union influ- 
enced his decision to drop the 
bomb; to exhibit the destruction ■ 
and suffering on the ground at . 

Htrnshitna and N agacafaj at>H to • 

recall the escalating numbers ierf ' 
weapons in the superpowers’ nu- ! 
dear arsenals dunng tiie Cold ■ 
War, and their current dedine. 

Faced with a nnmi^ of alter- • 
natives, tiie rnuseum has chosen 
to provide not an opinion piece 
-but rather the basic infonnatibn * 
(hat viators will need to draw ! 
tiieir Gwn condusions. This is our ' 
responsibility, as a national mn- 
seum in a democracy predicated 
cm an infonned dtizemy. 

We. have found no way to ex- 
hibit the Enola Gay anH satisfy 
evmyone: But a comprehensive 
and tfaou^tful dlsaiffsjo n ran 
he^ us lem from history. 

Themiter is director of the U.S. 
Nmiond Air and Space Museum 
ffe conirUnaed this conunaa to 
The Washhtffon hfsU 


^ OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 
1894s Rnssialo Join 111? the University of.Rochcster fc 


SHANGHAI —Tbe Russian of- 
fidal Rsideats predict interven- 
tkm diooid the wax between Qii- 

na and Japan be prolong, and 
-Russian tra^ suffer. Every re- 

■ polled Russian ffiovement exdtes 
'oxcq)ti[onaLattentkm. An imder- 
standing with Qiina is said to 
exisL A farther cemtinsent nf 
10.000 foreign-drilled Chinese 
troops has been ordered to' ao 
from.Tlentsm to Corea and hhub 
arelflcdytofonow: 

;1919« MiasicaI .CDKxaa 

NEW YORK - Mr. Georae 

■ Ea s i mqn, presideai of the EaS- 
man Kodak Owipaiy, bdie^ it 
pqsaWc to dm^. a new an,- 

compile with opera, fliroudi • 
comb^g the best cmemaS- 
with the best music. 

' wneterore he announces that he ' 
has made gifts oflaige sums to 


the University of. Rochester for 
fooadme a new school to be 
“O^.as the Eastman of 
music, containing a hn y. au^to- 
«dwe mo&on pictures wffl . 
be shown. aooonq}aaied‘'fty tiie 
music <rf a symphony ordiestta. . 

1944; Soviets to Balm 

^DON — (Ptpm our New 
JOA e^on:] Soviet -occupation; 
Beiim is necessary to- ke^- 

• at peace, according to 

an artidem rrovdla, the ConuBU' . 

organ, qiioted: today 
^ to^bMscpw.tadid. 

jiyavoa said the Germaiis jue get- 
Mg natty for the day when tiiey ; 
J® reout m unison “It was abt 

• Hitl^ the Jdmnfc, it. ^ . 

Jatit isessentiai foriis to • 
wrat to teach those 

JJo tiunk that iri 1954^thCTini^^ 

do better than in .I5>44 ■ 








International Herald Tr&une, Monday, Auptst 8, 1994 


CAPITAL MARKETS 



es 


MMM Chief 
Held For 



ByKeaED^ 



T okyo — 'nie Bank Jap^ is waSdiig S rope of 
mooetaiy polic^^ it sets daQy overnight Into^Pk later- 
esc rates. 7]^ right si^ ^ nortuiK 
ecOD(MiM recoy^. But (ute.wni8^''5^ cnild the 

ecoooniy down' into a tabi^Dy tiwtos jcsuoni.' ' ' ' . ' ' 
*nt e Baflk..af Japan has indicated .tbat it to ke^ short- 
urm interest rates low and loo^uam lote^i^ rates.'highi said 
Nobuynld Ssgi, an eboQoinist at ifeilco Heseardi Center Ltd. 
tnvesn»sjpBspoiKledtediisines58geby.Iow<Ti!agoffeis'QhbQi^ 
Japan’s benchmaik Ho. 164 govemibent Tiond'sTippwj 
L37 percent last wedt to 96.SS yea. The bond-ended ixading Fnday 
at a }ddd of 4.630 peroent — ite' the security was 

deUve^ to investors in pctt^. ^ ' 

The Bank of Japan wants to 


signal tltettheecononiyUiccQv^ A 
a^aadtl»pi«si»isoffto A^“g.««P. ; 

^vmg intttest rates, dov® imy conM oivedie 
further, said l^tsuya Takeii a 
fflooQr market trader at Long- eOOnoniY A 
Term Credit Bank. . . _■ j _ j . , . ' ■ 

But the central bank -cannot • 
lei moo^ market rates nse too rap^y would 

cMporate loan dernand, he. said. 

In tte early stipes cf econcHiiic recoveiy, die cdb^.ol obtaining 
opmtiQg ihinds most be.kqn low to encourage- affing corporate 
Ji^ao to hire more enqiloyees a^ buy more materials to increase 
Ontput fdOowing a three-year ecntmmic shimp , fe ipaid- 
Is the past^ few dr^rs, ^ Bank Japan has mken a few stqps 
back to show it is also conoerped that 11 » nf rw ernight Inon r ate s 

as the beacon fOT'eccQoanic recovery n^liadcfire,'tDuieis said. 

On Thursday and Fritfi^, the Bank oi Japan pciiripttl die money 
maricet with eatra ca^ reserves to ooo) orasni^t rates to 2 4/32 
percent, traders said. The rate rose as td^ as 2 S/32 percent on 
Wednj^d^, and at one l^t appeared pmsed to. rise even further. 

A dontinu^ iii5e-&i the o^ e niigh tldan rates i&d -^^keiridlead scan 
increase in Jqian’s short-term prime rate,** Mr. -Taka sai± 

The short-term prime' tbe, now al'3 poreoit, is an index rate 
banks use.to dedde atyidm rate tlu^ extend ftxe^tt^ Ipaiis to 
ccHporatioas, ranging from a few mnntha. to thr^ years in znatnii^. 

*rFhe levd of the short-lean prime rate mfloeoces a ootporadon’s 
dediaon to obtain more opeaQng.hinds,.-rirttis» .tte money to buy 
more taw inaterials arid hiremoiepet^le io boost duirat wrcfaxn the 
confine of existing mantifacmring capsd^” said w. Sql 
But for the banks, **a conitHiiation <rf In^ter-'bood yidds and 
rdativdy low Stuxt-term intaestiales is exacdy what banks need to 
write off their bad real estate loans,” Mr. S^i said. ^^Ihe Bank of 
Japan nudged the owstiught rate just high exto^ to sigrud ikt 
economy is fccoyermg ana sited rite lot^-termptupe rate higher.” . 



THE TiaB liiPEX 


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f m 


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stocic^&um^couriM^ 120 
axnpe^ijy Bboitibefa 119 
Busfhoss Nems. rn 
117 


Weekending Augusts, 7 

' daty dosk^ 5 

Jan.19a2*1Qa, f m .. T. W T 


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140 

130 
138 
137 
13B 
135 
134 
133 
133 

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UUHBbs 124.791Z146 433* Bewtl a l irt i l a 13138128.77 *242 

Finance 1185*117.76 40.68' . 

Services 121J8 moi +1.14 


O unw ai w floodalOOOl 9958 .+134 
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CURRENCY RATES 


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m.Otltatai3aHaialtti^anwt 


■ Cm^bibfOirSt^FnanDapatdia 

MOSCOW — Thecbotrover- 
sud head of Ros&ia’s biggest in- 
vestment company will be de- 
tmned an addicicmal 10 days, 
'while police mvesrigate hiin and 
his faOihg firm, the Itar-Tass 
news agdiOT npbited Sunday. 

.Sogd htavrodi, pierident of 

- the. KflyfM investrpent compa- 
ny, was dettened Tiuirsday on 
sn^idOD of tax- evaaom IBs 
company effectively been 
ahii^ and mHlions of MMM in- 
vestors axe unHkdy to get tbear 
mmt^back. 

Th^^ Mr. Mavtodi has not 
fcmnally been duuged, his de- 
tention ^ be extended for an- 
other 10 days, the news agency 
reported,'- quotixtg Sergei Tar- 
anov, ah hOflKl ^tokeas^. He 
.accusdl Russian authorities of 
"gross violations” in their in- 
vesrigarion of MMM and Mr. 
MaioodL 

Bat the tax '^lice said the 

- inquiry was bem^ conducted 
^ fUU oonfonm^ vrith the 
con^tutuxL” 

Tax police say Mr. Mawodi 
has faiJra to My 49 bOlion ra- 
ises (525 iiu1Hod) in taxes and 
penalties feg Invest-Konsulting, 
. one 44 conqianies tfa^ say 
ffl^ce up the hO<M empire. 

HQSilM, vriiidi datms 10 m3- 
-lion'shareiiddei^ is widely con- 
ridered a pynonid sdwme vrith- 
put any investments. Share 

prices collapsed 99 percent re- 
cently after rite government 
said: it could not bock money 
put into MMM. 

The shares, worrii 1 13,000 ru- 
bles before tlte crisis trblcd at 
2,500 rubles on Moscow's Cen- 
t^ Universal ExcbaoM Fri- 
day. Just 10 shares Ranged 
hands, Itar-Tass news agency 
said. 

The panic cast harsh tight on 
Russian largely unregulated se- 
curities manet, where compa- 
nies prcnnisebuge returns to an 
inesperienced p<q>ulati<xi des- 
perate enough co risk their 
m<mqy. (AP, Reutov) 


Nostcdgia For Sale in Shanghai 

But Will Business Heed the Call of the Waterfront? 


By Kevin Murphy 

huenaaiMal. ffatU Triune 

SHANGHAI ^Wheremachine tods 
now adorn shopfront vnndtm^ and laun- 
dry flatt from gra^ balconies above 
crowded streets, Aaa’i dramnant finan- 
cial center once thrived on Shanghai's 
waierfioni Bund. 

But 45 years after the Comzaunisi vic- 
tory scattered buriness and bankers to 
Ho^ Kong and b^ond, Shan^ai is 
again courtuig intemational financiers 
vath a bold plan to sell them 37 land- 
mark bufldmp on the Bund — several 
which they once owned. 

Home to the more powerful of China's 
two stock maricets, a new national fw- 
dgn exchange market and sax commod- 
ity trading centers, Shanghai is already 
the finanaal capital of a reform-minded 
China. 

Now, with Bdjingl’s backing and fra*- 
eign-funded ^^uvenation of its dd com- 
rnercial district, the city of 14 million 
sedrs to r^ain its mi^^ financial past 
and, over hme. rival Hcmg Kong as an 
international money center. 

But rite plans, surpassed in scale and 
symbolism only by the British colony’s 
return to rule in 1997 , raise 

complex questions for the foreign inves- 
tors who know they must come here 
eventually. 

While some wonder how long the pro- 
cess vrin take to gd, if it dos at all, 
others question ^cre the sprawling 
city’s central business district wiU 
emerge and what nostal^a is worth in 
mod^ rents. 

From the mid-1^ century untfl 1949. 


the Bund, which takes its name for an 
Indian word for embankment, housed 
more than 200 ford^ banks, the stock 
exchange and most international busi- 
nesses during Shang^’s rule as China 
and Aria's commercia] capital. 

"It’s been the center of town from the 
pcteit of view of international buriness 
for ISO years.** said Tony Darwell re- 
search duector with Jones Lang Wool- 
ton, a property consulting firm vying for 
the contract to assess the Bund build- 



Tht Nn Y«>L Tint« 


ings’ value and asrisl in ihdr sale. “I 
can't see that changing much in the next 
ISO yeaTs.” 

But in the interim, most office:s of the 
munidpal government and thousands of 
famSies have mov«d into dilapidated 
Bund area buildings appropriate from 

their previous owners. 

Tli^ current landlord, the municipal 
government, will relocate them over 
time, adding to a massive migration of 
inner dty rodents destined for high-rise 
suHirbs. 

But scrambling for modem office 
space, foreign bu^esses have largely set 
up in other scattered business dispels 
ri^g with new commercial develop- 
ments, particularly in the Hongqiao area 
doise to ShanghaTs aiipoit. 

Affordable office and housing space is 
at a premium everywhere now, but wide 
swathes of the city are being redeveloped 
by armies of migrant laborers who work 
around the clodL Analysts say oversup- 
piy is Ukdy wiriuo two to three years. 

At the same time, the Pudong district 
on the eastern ride of the Huangpu River 
is targeted as a national development 
priority, demite a Shanghai saying that 
captures tittmtional reluctance to live or 
work there: "Belter a bed in Puxi (the 
western ride) than a bouse in Pudong.” 

To anchor this new commercial dis- 
trict, Shanghai’s stock exchange, now 
located in an old hotel just off the Bund, 
is due to move to ^ant new headquarters 
at Lujiaztti in Pudong next year that will 

See SHANGHAI, Page 12 


China Curbs Listings 


B/tfomteig AatiMH 

BEUING — In a bid to shore 
up the value of the countiy’s 
foreigii-Usted companies, C&- 
na's securities watdidog has 
banned Chinese companies 
from listing undervalued shares 
on overseas markets, the official 
China Daily reported. 

Under the new rule, China 
Securities Regulatory Cornmis- 
rion will prohibit companies 


from floating overseas shares at 
a price less than a company’s 
net asset value per share, the 
paper said, citing an aitide in 
rite Shanghai Sei^ties News. 

Tbe latest CSRC move is a 
response to the poor reception 
most Chinese companies have 
bad after listiitg thw shares in 
Hong Kon& 

Toe CSRC official said state 
enterprises are sute property. 


Speed Dial Reaehes 
Eastern Europe 


{London Notebook 


Channel Tunnel Progress, Sort Of 


Nearly three mombs after the triumphant 
of the Oannei Tunnel ^ Queen 
n and Preridenl Francois hGtier- 
rand, of France, the huge project quietly cr^t 
past a msgor mUestone last week 

licenses were at long last gwted for both 
the through passeo^ trains' finking London 
with Brussels and l^iis, as well as for the 
passenger shuttle trains destined to whisk 
people and their cars from Folkestone to 
Calais in 35 xainutes. 

The problem for Eurotunnd, the tunnel's 
opmtor, is that those ficenses are — in tbdr 
Official dOOTption — for a limited, ‘'inviia- 
tioo ooN,” iMt is, free service. While journal- 
ists, pofiticians, and other so-called opxnioa 
formers will taste (he wonders of sub-coannel 
travel starting latCT rids monrii, eveiyone else 
will have to wut until at least October. 

. ■ • "Wen be oCTeiing drive-sid packages and 
all sorts of thin^” j^sson Andrews, a Euro- 
tumid aKdeeswoman, said with enthusiasm. 
"There rii^d be quite a rush.” Others, how- 
ever,' are xuA so sure. 

Critics contend that the once unthinkable 
is now inevitable; One of the great eoginceF- 
ing marvels of the oemuiy is likely to slip into 
service so long after the hoopla over the 
ftffRfiai opening hu died down chat it will be 
virtual^ unnoticed. 

For Eutoturmel, the near term looks decid- 
edly dicey. Among (hose who were apparently 
Qxuixqiressed with tM start-up of its full, 
firi gh t rirattle sendee on July 2S were Eu- 
rope's reading trucking ooqipanies. After two 
months Of offering a finulM sendee at the 
deep (fisoount price £75 per trip (SI 16) and 
carrying as many as 650 trucks in a rin^ day, 
bt«m«K suddenly plummeted with the ad- 
vent of fill! fares. Ms. Andrews described the 
summer though as a normally slack time. 

In omtiast, Brian Rees, a 4*okesmao Stena 
gi-wiinlf, one of the two big ferry compames 
plying the route, noted busiiMSS was running 
at record levels. "One of the gmt things 
abwt Mgbt buriness,” he said, "is that 
there is no slack period.” 

Just two after Eurotuiin^ b^an its 
full service, Stenar executives ^lent a gleeful 
five hours at Folkestone. Begmnmg at 1:30 
PM„ thQr counted a total of 32 trucks being 


loaded onto the shuttle trmns. five of which 
left totally empty. "In tiie same time that day 
we carried 407 trucks out Dover,” Mr. Rees 
said 

Bot even the ferry operators say that it is 
only a matter erf* tinw b^ore the tunnel claims 
its rightful riiare of the cross-channd traffic. 
What does warm (heir hearts, chough, is their 
calculation that the tunnel's tardy opening 
will only make it only harder for Euronuinri 
to compete by cutting its prices'. 

lio^’ Artful New L066 

Managers of one the safest abdicates at 
Lloyds of London, the imemabonal insur- 
ance market are bolding their breath. Hiscox 
Syndicate 33, which has posted an unbroken 
string of profits over the last quarter of a 
cemuiy, is fadng its biggesi daim in years. 

The theft late last mouth in Frankfurt of 
two paintings by JM.W. Turner, for which 
EGscox is the lead insurer, ccteld set the ^di- 
cate back by miUioas oS pounds. ‘*T1iese 
riungs are terribly difl^i to pul a value on,” 
said Tlffai^ VigDoles, a spokesman for the 
paintings’ owner, Limdon’s Tate Gallery. 
”But they were valued recently al over £10 
milli fwi each.” 

Only bst week, the insurers put out a 
S250,d00 reward fra* infonnadon leading to 
the return of the Turners. Roben Read the 
fine art underwriter at Hiscoiu noted that the 
thefts went against the grain of generally 
daelining ait Hosts CNts the past d^ade be- 
cause cries have installed more sophisti- 
cated dectronic security systems. 

He alw credits the ^obalization of the art 
mi^et for both the decline in purloined 
painfing g aod OthCT WQTkS Of alt, 35 WcU 85 fOT 
lus own belief that the two Turners wiD even- 
tually find their way home. *'Oae large global 
art market as opposed to a series of smaller 
domss^ maikets means that it is harder to 
hide anytUng,” he said 

Unfominately that did oot prove the case 
rix years ago, when the Tate last lost ooe of its 
paintm&rThe theft ot Luden Freud's por- 
trait of Fraiteis Baooa, then on loan to Beriio 
National Gallexy. moains unsolved, 

Erik Ipsen 


By Henry Copeland 

l^eeial ta the HeraU Tnhaie 

BUDAPEST When Mis. 
Laszlo Szoke opened her diy- 
cleaning shc^ in 1989 in a resi- 
dential district thick with diplo- 
mats and executives, she got on 
a waiting list for a telephone. 

Last month, she and 500,000 
other Hungarians were still 
waiting, so she bought a porta- 
ble phone."‘lt took me two min- 
utes to get what Pva been wait- 
ing five years for,” she said 

Up to 100,000 Hungarians 
this year are exproted to buy 
auririle phones, bring^ the to- 
tal number of mobile phone 
customers here to 150,000. Like 
Mrs. Szoke. many new mobile 
customers in Extern EuroM 
are entrepreneurs who would 
otherwise be phoneless. 

Thus, while East Europeans 
represent a tiny fraction of Eu- 
rope’s 1 1 milfioo mobile cus- 
tomers. companies investing 
more than $1 billion to briug 
cellular phones to the region 
rqrorl that their customers use 
mobile phones with unexp^ied 
and u np r ecedented enthusiasni. 

For many in Eastern Europe, 
mobile pbemes are first phones. 
”fteple are adapting to tech- 
nology much more rapidly be- 
cause they don't have to un- 
learn another set of 
technologies.” said Joseph 
O’KonHc. deputy managing di- 
rector of the Czech R^ublic's 
EuroTel. 

Mrs. Szoke admits that a 
$1,000 handset, $250 sign-up 
fee and prime-time rates of 
more than 25 cents a minute 
seem expensive. But not having 
a phone costs her more, she 
said 

The number of officially reg- 


Page 7 


istered private businesses grew 

100.000 last year in Hungaiy. 
reaching 700,000. But with only 
IS phone lines for every 100 
Hungarians, many new busi- 
nesses have been driven to go 
mobile. 

C^h entrepreneurs are also 
buying mobile phones, but 
more slowly. ”Our custotners 
started with a high-society p^ 
file, but now. we are insiaUi^ 
more phones in Skodas than in 
BMW’s." said Mr. O’Konek. 

Launched in September 
1991, Eurotel is SI percent 
owned by the Czech Republic's 
SPT Telecom, with the rest split 
evenly by U S West Inc. and 
Bell Atlautic Corp. About 

18.000 customers now use Eur- 
oTel's analog system, up from 

10.000 six months a^. 

In Poland, Centertel — a 
joint venture betweeo national- 
ly owned Telekomunikacja Pol- 
»a SA, France Telecom SA 
and Ameritecb Corp. — boasts 

25.000 customers on the analog 
network, nearly double (he 
number at the end of 1993. 

While its neighbors have only 
one moNle system apiece, Hun- 
gary has three; Hungary’s na- 
tional telephone company. Ma- 
tav, in partnership «ith U S 
West, established an anaJ^ ser- 
vice called Wesld Radioiele- 
pbone in Ociolw 1990. That 
venture now serves 52.000 cus- 
tomers. Two digital mobile 
competitors came- on line in 
Aprd Tfadr slimmer phones 
and prices have already atlnici- 
ed an estimated 15.000 users. 

Some say that mobile’s pop^ 
lari^ in Eastern Europe will 
abate once land lines become 
less scarce. 


Mutual 

Fund 

Pitfalls 

Interest Conflicts ' 
Be^ to Loom 

By Diana B. Hezuiques 

New Yeti TTaiet Sernee 

NEW YORK — For a de- 
cade. millions of Americans try- 
ing to avoid the pitfalls and 
pmators of the stock market 
have turned to mutual funds, 
reding on the funds’ profes- 
tional managers to avtnd the 
mistakes of an amateur inves- 
tor. 

Among those millions are 
many unsc^histicat^ savers 
seeking highCT returns than they 
can get from banks or govern - 
meat bonds, now that interest 
rates are lower than th^ have 
been for many years. 

Those investors have helped 
turn the mutual hmd ii^ustry 
into one of the deepest oceans 
of cash in the worid. totaling 
more than $2 trillion at the end 
of Jime, op 100 percent in just 
three years. More money is con- 
trolled mutual funds than by 
life insurance oompanies or sav- 
ings and loan institutions. 

But as many less- (ban -sawy ; 
investors move into mutual 
funds, tte investments that some 
of funds make are becom- 
ing more exotic and complex. 

Looking for a competitive 
edge in a business lhai has 
grown to about 4,900 funds 
from 3,100 four years ago, some 
fund manners are plunging 
into the riskiest corners of the - 
securities markets. They are 
buying the stocks aod notes of 
very smaD companies whose 
prospects are muim more uncer- 
tain than those of larger, more 
established businesses. 

In some cases, the fund man- 
agers are making investments 
that are not only rislqr, but are 
clouded by what seem to be 
conflicts of interest. 

Research by The New York 
Tiroes has found some cases in 
which fund niana|era, operat- 
ing with little oversight by re- 
lators, are mvesting in coi^a- 
nies that employ executives, 
advisers or underwriters with 
whom they have dose ties. Of- 
ten. those deals have left the 
funds holding securities of du- 
bious value. 

For example, at least one 
high-profile fund manager 
bought stock that enriched one 
member of his family. 

When John J. Kaweske, who 
was one of the counuy's top- 
perfonning managers last year, 
bought more than 1.6 million . 
shares in a tiny nuiriiion-sup- 
pleroent company for two 
Invesco mutual funds, the deal 
benefited the small company, 
which arranged the sale and ! 
was partly owned his son. 

An Invesco fund controlled 
by Mr. Kaweske also bought a 
large stake in a private compa- 
ny whose executives included 
his sister. 

For other fund managers, the 
potential conflicts involve busi- 
ness rfentings with finandeis in 
whose companies their funds 
have invest^ 

For example, Paul Stephens 
of San Frandsco, who has be- 
come somethin of a celebrity 
in the fund industry for his 
leadership of the fast-grow^ 
Robertson Stephens Contrarian 
Fund, has invested the fund's 

See FUNDS, Page 12 


CONFERENCES, COURSES AND EXHIBITIONS 


OCTOBER 4,5&6 


NaSoui BsEneas AtiaaftAsso^toQ 
47di Aoiml Mee^ 6- COBKOtioa 


ConaiionsiBiS 

fle9rif(w>MRAdlnioora(M^ 

oapcMN nandaiURU SBtv^^ 


An’gtflpaeral bEwndifas»BWBtf«XBl 
exBthetBRnac atbeSUDcCM|)byAnca. 
Cimutk KetUetu Midi. WBXA, 

TeL 13021 9S742S2 
Fte 002) 862-5563 


NEW ORLEANS, LA, U-S A 


OCTOBER 17-20 


The American 
Pletedc Association (ADAJ 
AMSTTthMiii^nsairead ExUitXft vfl] 

drots 

(ff tte duoo proiiaim K wO iraude trs^ 
cnkitusindaaiynariii, lidae 
xiertAcoswiA pnoice tedvUQMfi. aixj 
m rtt) 4)0 ceniEwiie diF 

playiia aaeolHhe-ui nwRBS. oluim 
fam{icDduos«>dfiduat»B)«x& 

ConkKi: Geril A Salvatore, CEM 
Tel.: 312/890-0040 
Fax:3l2/B99-0008 


ORLANDO, FLORIDA USA 


FEB. 1^18 


Sodeties bi Qi^ 
andMet^ Health 


ecorenss an) soodoeets < 

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fby Eorrxan Son) Mnans ad 
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i seek saufNm CciMnre? IS 
) sympesa riiuaiamB ihev dlcris Id help 


UntaO: Meroire Commankatioa 
intemationaL 
‘ftLD>l)4299l770 
Fbu 133-1145 63 25 68 


PARIS 


TO ADVERTISE PLEASE CONTACT PARIS ON FAX: 

(33-1)46 37 93 70 


On October 4th, the IHT will publish a Special Report on 

Global Banking 
& Finance 

Among the topics to be covered are; 

■ The value of the dollar. 

■ The booming market for derivatives. 

■ The European Monetary Institute. 

■ A global market for government bonds. 

■ The outlook for Japanese banking. 

■ Investment prospects in Latin, Asian and other emerging 
markets. 


TT^SLoptementcanaties the /ntematkNJalJikaetaiyFund'Wofid Bank meetings 

in Madiid, at which 2,000 extra copies wiH be (Sstribu^. 

p^se conHacf 51® Mahcfer m Pars 
at {33-1} 46 37 93 78. lax (33-1} 46 37 50 44. 


im:RWTiov\Li-v * 

fif 


nm*4» ra> MD <on iwt- wr nv « t.Jaw.niv mr 









INTERNATIONAL 


MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 




First Boston 


Cm Mgl Price 


MiteTivOc 7 M 
A^TsvPebn M 
SSJwTsyJrt TVi 9B 

* ttwtft PrAu»1IBow 
WftoPr^iOOfcjQ 
AjterlDPrOctTVk os 
n a 

AsfloogMr WhQi 
AiarCtrlBk* 9 97 
ArtrjaMnr m 03 
AusMoMr 7% H 
BoOO/Ste 7U 70 
B^CCfV^iem 37 
BWMAO, ft, M 
SovLondDc « 99 
Boy La nd Moy Oft (M 
Boyorvore • fo 
BeycrvereDeo 97 
wmVenocTft 98 
§ayg V9i9JtH7ft 99 

BoyHvDjul 7ft 90 
B^VpNov 7 9* 

BovHvpSm 10ft fo 
BavHyesep 4ft 30 
BMCm Nftio 
BencnAor 7ft 90 
MlConJen 19ft oo 
BonCtfiJM 0ft 03 
BtflCenMoy 9ft 06 
BeHConEJirt Oft 97 
BcHConEJiil Itft 99 
BeRCanEMr o 98 
Bell Cm E Mew 9ft 9» 
BMIConEOd NftM 
BMCOD fft H 
BKMantMay 9ft 96 
BkMentrlOd I0ft96 
BmwFIn 10ft 9S 
BnoBkApr Oft 97 
BnoBkAao 7ft 00 

BmAin lOft 94 


BPemerABr lOft 90 
BP«nerAii9 10ft 01 
BPenwrjw 9ft 01 
BrCelMay lift 00 
BrColMlgNevTft 03 
BrCallWwiJunOft 01 
BrCelmbFeb IVft 0i 
BrColnibJun 10 96 
BrCehnbJm 7ft 03 
BrCalinbMov 9ft 96 
BrDrimeMay 9ft 97 
BrCoimbOcI 10 98 
BrCelirftSm 7ft 00 
BrGoointAue M 94 
BrGosPtcWr lOft 98 
BrCnPteOei 9ft 01 
CodWlMOlDC 7ft 97 
ConNolRI 9ft 96 
telMODc fft 97 
CdJul Wft 96 

CdamOKMTft 18 
GtaCerpOet Oft 96 
ObcJon Oft 97 
CiUAuo 10ft 90 
CnrJiri Oft 97 

CnrMoy 7ft 90 
CnrMoy Oft 99 
CnrMoy Oft 01 
CnrOd W 98 
CenbmcFeb Oft 97 
OMifMTyyJmOft 97 
CrFanderMr 0ft 03 
CrLaeolAM 7ft 98 
CrLoeolDe 7ft 97 
CrLecolFiB 7ft 96 
CrLocolJm 7 04 

CrLeeaMAuy lOft 95 
CrLceolMUn no. 03 
OLoeolMr Oft 06 
CrLceolSto Oft 97 
CrLvennAor Oft 97 
OLvonnJul Nft96 


.tatter Cm MolPrlct vid Trsv 

CrLvmnMr 7ft 96 98ft 0.M +30 

CrNalUun Mftoo 103ft oS +e 

CrSiMeFm na 00 soft 9.96 +69 

DBhnllac Oft 96 90ft 877 +46 

DalmftrOei Oft 01 97ft HUB 464 

MNm lOftOO 103 9J3 +47 

MFblAm 7ft 98 99JB0 9.49 +14 
Db nn Peb lOft 01 loift obi +4i 

DbRAFeb Tft 97 96 9JM +33 ' 

DbPinJm 7ft « 95ft 9134 +« 

OBHOJa i 7 04 83ft 9A9 +9 

OmarkFob 7ft 96 IM 140 +I4 

DenmartJul 6ft 97 93ft 9 l» +36 

DOAmarfcOllr 7ft 98 9ift 9j| +M 

Dm^Oer 6ft 99 B7ft 160 +36 

Dewga^ Oft 96 100ft ta +a 

OivIBhPhi lift 99 103ft 7JI +44 
DMFInSir 7ft 90 93ft 116 +18 

Mfah , 7ft 90 9EII 9J3 +37 

OsIOHNm Oft 95 97ft 8JS +56 

gm/W 18ft 96 Hn« 141 +99 

EbniPrt Ift 83 91ft 9J9 +30 

£M66r 7H 98 94ft 9iS +1 

E«wAv 8 10 9S lOlft 7S7 +48 

EdeUB Oft 98 91ft 9A +19 

EdcDc 5 97 Oft 9in 

EdcFeb no. 96 au» B57 +34 

EdcMT 7ft 96 98ft 146 +IS 

Edcmr 7 98 93 ?J3 +37 

EAFeb 7ft 98 96 9.18 +3 

EdIJiM 1816 9S 101ft 7U +69 

EdISep Oft 99 noft 9JI +38 

Eft 9 96 NlUa ISO +27 

eibApr 7« 03 08ft 9M +88 

ElbOc 7 08 77ft 980 +33 

ElbFeb 7ft 98 94ft 115 

EftJun 9 90 MBft U9 +11 

Elbjm nftoi 107H o« +i5 

ElbJid Oft 01 |9ft 1UB +47 

ElbMoy 13 95 Wft 7i4 +9 

ElbSAr NftOO 103ft 9.17 +13 

ElbMr 7W 00 9Sft tJI +1 

EfbNov Wb99 lOlft 9151 +36 

EftSdd 6 97 9M 190 

EftSeP Oft 00 87ft 139 +4 

EkSPOrtlAup 1818 94 lODDl 7i7 +30 

EkmrtlDc 6 99 ISft 953 +4S 

EkMrtfMay 10ft 96 NO 197+30 

EkMrMKpy 7K 97 95ft 956 +30 

EIPHtJiUI Oft 97 99ft 100 +86 

EIPwrSCP KM 01 M3ft 950 +41 

EuraHtm Mft96 103H fSM +« 

EuroiMwApr 7ft 90 90ft 957 +91 

EurofliraM 7« 18 96 Ml +3 

EimllimJul lift 01 lUft HiOS +57 

EurafunaNov 7 n Oft 9J1 +19 

EvreiiiMA 4ft 95 «8ft 750 +IS 

EsImbfcOc Oft 97 97ft 951 +88 

ExbnbliOet 7ft 03 87ft mao +44 

FbdbDC rn 96 96ft 951 +36 

F.EX.Apr lOft 95 NIft 7M +43 

r.EJC.AW 1016 96 103ft 957 +33 

P.E.K.AUP Oft 96 9Sft 953 +« 

F.EJCDC Oft 95 9fft 141 +37 

F£.K.Feb 7« 91 9516 956 +31 

FfXJul 7ft 97 95 951 +37 

FfJCM 7ft 90 93ft MO +57 

FblEaM AS. 91 «ft 953 +60 

FMondDC 9 91 97ft 956 +30 

FwdCrMr lOftfO W3ft 186 +53 

FortMCrAwll 96 lOSft 959 +85 

PerdMCrM M16 94 10H6 753 +77 

FprOCOPJPl 8 II 94ft 9J7 499 

FerdCmJwi 13ft 95 104 751 +41 

Ferdcontipy 9ft 96 loeft 950 +77 

GOlOel Uft94 101ft 753 +77 

GKAb’ 7ft 96 77ft 857 +87 

GKQklJul 7 99 90ft 957 +36 

eteCdpNOw 7ft 90 93ft 954 +31 

caee 6 99 asft 957 +31 

GncAuP Oft 96 96 151 +17 

eeecApr lOftM tOlft 954 +61 

GeeeOc lift 95 Wft 144 +30 

CeuDc Ift K 99ft 152 +37 

GeccDc Oft 96 93 0J6 +20 

GeccJul 1216 95 103ft 750 431 

GeecJiM 10 M NIft IN +40 

GmbJIM 0 97 96ft 957 +« 

GKCJon 1 91 96558 955 +81 

GtCCOIr 18ft 97 103 9.17 +44 

GMCMpy 7 97 95ft 1«S +15 

CkcMHP 7ft 98 94ft 951 +86 

GMSMov I 99 95ft 950 +3 

GcccNpy 9 97 97ft fJS +91 

CeecNpy oft 90 90 9Ji +M 

iMCOel Mft94 lOOft 756 +68 

GeecSep ll 96 101ft lU 433 

GeecSw 6ft 97 9» 954 +14 


♦r 


GMCMpy 7 97 95ft 1«S +15 

CkcMHP 7ft 98 94ft 951 +36 

GMeMov I 99 95ft 950 +3 

GcccNpy 9 97 97ft fJS +91 

CCKNpy Oft 90 90 950 +M 

iMCOel Mft94 lOOft 756 +68 

GeecSep ll 96 101ft lU 433 

GettSep 6H 97 9» 954 +W 

GmCeraJul 1016 93 NIft 114 +11 

GMtACOdPAuen fs imft ui +c 

GMACMoy 7 99 IfVi 953 +« 

GWACCdaScpIlftfS 10M 153 +30 

GMACCdaSepTft 97 45598 957 +77 

GuUmPKOB 9ft 91 99ft 959 +57 

HdebaPlnFcMft 04 blqsd 959 +17 

iPribAM 18ft 96 103ft 191 40 

ledbJin 9 02 94ft nun +47 

iMftNptf 7ft 03 04ft 959 +11 

IPmCdoJen 11 94 NBft 887 +37 

IbmCdaMw I3ft 95 lOUBD 754 +71 




I-*- 


Jim 9H 
Jon 7U 

I Mr 1016 
iMlr 0 
srAPrfft 
r Apr 7ft 

rAHloft 

FM 9ft 
rJi3 9 


ts I ECUSIraiglits 



tOUM- tel 8M PI3» Yl* TW 


rs 

ja 

6X 

756 

757 +49 
144 +U 
754 4-W 
7.15 +93 
UK +84 
657 +39 
UI +a 

753 +89 
63t +14 
651 490 
653 +34 
7JX <H15 

754 +34 

750 +U 

754 +83 

755 +84 
6J<4 +N 
MO 

751 
N6I 
638 
7.U 
719 
759 
ua +39 

+80 
653 +13 
79 +83 
7J4 +91 
IR +91 
79 438 
Ui +39 
69 +98 


79 +139 
1113 +3R 


4«i 


Pound StorHng 


cm MM PrtceVWTrsv 


Abbc9HpnF*im9S Wft 79 +9 

AbbiylNJmllft9 MBft 99 +99 
AtabevSIpMloraft 84 93ft 954 +94 
AObW^AuiO 99 HR 154 +39 
AUeyTiyAprI 03 93 937 +39 




Consolldatad trading for week I bdcu 
ended Friday, Aug. 5. 



KIwMSm nibSt 
KwduEleDcS 97 


UpfdiPfcIMr 1ft •« 
MociCerpJunIft 01 
9H 
7ft 
9ft 
7ft 
9ft 
7ft 

Oft 
Uft 
7ft 
ft 
Nft 
» 
ift 
lift 
7ft 
9ft 
tfft 
8ft 









Ohf YW lOOsHoh Lsw OsP Owe I SMcs 


Ov YW lODsIftpi Lpnr CO* Owe 


Dhr YU lODiHieii LO* Cbe Ome 



56 

S 

50 

35 


U 4 I4'A M'A 
75 909I7VI 1646 
OJO 490 14 13V6 

0.7 353 14h 1346 
75 415 14 1346 

3.1 1199 3m S 
15 305515ft I41M 
534 16ft 149b 
4713ft IZft 
691 316 3ft 
509 646 PVh 
774 I9'6 18ft 
39 3Vb 9ft 
473 
125 


2946 21 31 

30ft Idft 90 
Oft 54b «H 
16ft I6U 16ft 
71ft 1946 2Dft 
6ft 5ft Sft 
2ft 1ft Ift ■ 
13 9ft 9ft 
1746 1446 1546- 
Sft 446 Wn 
9 7 746 

446 4 4ft 
90ft 16 » 

Oft Oft 7ft 
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mutual FUMttfi 

dose Of trading F^, Aug. & 

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Bna ^nB iGnNBRn * ' wmw inllviMj 

^Nanrn UWwPfclffi-LBiiaS HESlffiE 


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ShTmCMn 071 +9 P hwi ef FMd!... 
SmCoCr 1A48— 39 AmtncaT>Ma-9 


GrlnSan 1031 +9 Temptelen littHh 

M 99 — M grnMSp IXM *23 
99—9 Fc^aS 1177*20 
1037—32 FE^ 119 +a 
11037 -37 GrwIhS IX12 +71 
■m ..Mt: ^MAvV 179 —01 

CAIRSMUHTI —23 TbamsoaGnm 
CdMuApl046 •— 04 IqInA 1X14 +.12 


SmalCap 034 +.10 GwWshpIXII *9 
Wortdp IA73 *9 Grlner D.M —01 
remptetanlnsHh idiEqA 1277 +.17 
grnMSp IXM >32 NY IF 1)9—04 
Fc^aS 1177 *20 STBdP 9.9S — 31 
FE^ 119 +77 TFInon 119—9 
GrwIhS lira +71 YdUiTiel 149 +31 
ThirdAvV 179—01 VoypMurPds: 
IbeniMa Gnutt: AZIns 1037 —37 

IqInA 1X14 +.12 COTF 1019 —37 
GwIhA 2127— 03 CtflA 950 —9 


C0P4K 09 *32 niCeiCO 99 —37 
idncA 11.12 +34 inCorNC 1010—9 
gdnoC jl.n *9 OppenhUwirWi 
EumvsIA 1X59 — 10 AHdAp 1XS9 *9 
EolnvCp 11*5 — 39 CATEApIOII — 9 
GOVSkA 69—37 OVHYF1X43 


1177— a 
119 —34 
toil —25 
101 Q —a 


2X9—26 EmpMfc 179 +9 Bon^P 149—11 


HiYIdP 019 _ GIGvIn 079 +9 BoncB 1430 —.11 

TFim 1023— a tdlBq 119 +9 InvAP 1432 — 37 

TFNd 109— a Pim 933 +.16 bivep 1431 —JE 

USGwl 89—37 SrriOiS 1526 .. USGvAp 99 —.10 

Moptewh rnrtineMiTOTdtT USGvBt 055-^10 

AdiRtt 99—02 EttVdpn2131 *.10 J&yM ]H£ -^11 
Bondr 9a-:*a GovIrKP 1X43—11 KSMun 119—01 
gdn^tna _ OHTFp 1X62 —D KSiMunUnTD— a 
Sisim 89—34 OnavoTp 179 — a Koulnrioinr xa *32 

teiasr® gWJft?i&?5zS “S^5^-3 i 

gs?5r’51?=s 

4WMIEQ Aa+9 Cunn^Rim givmcoA ,59 *31 

h ne uRpldB AsUflse 1077—9 EnvSuc IXOI *23 

hvSd 1016-^ GBGintI ixa +a R.1^ 1039-9 

MEBnd 1020—9 Bondn 1137 —37 GbtncA 068 

‘i&vr iSaHa poMv D9— 10 >;-5^>9 

euedersGnw; Stockn VJJ —.10 HiYieht 79—01 
IdM tJ6 —24 TSSex 923 —9 htOdU OM —25 
BtMChpnpA36— 9 USGovt 927— R hllU 10^ +.19 


9a 

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*.10 J&VBd 
1—11 naMun 


FU.UI ' 1013 —JB Ovnm 3035 *jO 


MAUdt ION— 9 
MK9t 938 —23 
Ne«7d) 10)8—9 
fUJdt 109—9 
NYiJdt ION— a 
Pl^t 1014 —34 
T^CFt 1010— D 
jonfit 1033— a 


MBdAn 920—23 ARTXFt 1010—9 
M@Un 1336 +24 CdMudt 935 — M 


Innl^— a 
lU 1X32 +71 
YATI.I7 +JI 


@^t 955 —a Trendn . SS9 
059 —a USBIn loa 
i^'t 1077 — N UtlMnen 149 
miSeP't. 109 —JB Vduen AST 
GAtypt 977 —a -WM^ 1X5S 


Enttp 119 
EntCe 1135 —a 

EdncCP 527 - 31 


MMP 129 +31 
BoirOvP 1629 +R 
OR|ImN1324-^ 


PocBeen 1930 +9 
Purttgn- 169 +.13 
RedSsnUD. +9 
RetGrn 1757 +.U 

ifW 

SHcSIcn 1874—01 

^nV^=iS 

USBIn 1078 —09 
UllMnen 'M9 *20 


IFTXp 99 —04 
TFPAp 437 —a 


TFMl 477 —9 
TFWAP 49—32 
ValuApPpna— 01 


953—9 EolnvCp 1X45 —39 
109 —36 GovSkA 655 —37 
471 —02 HUncA AIS 
531 —R HUncB A14 *31 
536 —33 |nlEqAPl0.N *.n 

lOa— 9 intiSi 1096 *.n 
99 —04 mngqCP 1131 +.10 
427 — U InMPxiilf X1B *23 
49— » AteOASS 057 —25 
477 —33 ModAsU OM —9 


DtacFdp 3339 —.16; 
OBCPWBISXfB— .17, 
EdncAp 975 *9 
BdncBt 9.71 *9 
Geiop 17.99 +.16 
GIGrR 1X15 +.16' 
GMBivpiaa *9, 
GIObdApDa *38 


ModAttC OM-9 GHbBt D31 


AmtncaT>p9Jt-9 RBGGwiP 
BendP 9J17 —38 rsitc^ 
gqmcp 1629 * 3! AdBd 
Co^P 1X84 +74 Cm 
Gold 79 — h EmGr 
GrawthPloe *23 miBd 
immep 99 —32 stif 

^P^ ^n ' 

Fionrllp 199 *.15 CBBBd 
Pie'nreep19a *9 cSbBi 
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WnthREMIJI *37 FMAsoc ' 


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j jgiM t ^—10 ^j^oHFYd 034 *23 MUMdnc 109—9 TfYWBr 1320 *21 0^ 
1)9 1:31 n9-29 MMwett: m&TEAp )A46 -.13 GrlK 


m&TEAp 1636 —.13 
irdrTE p 149 —a 
InvGrA p 1035 —20 
LTGewAPIOJO —JO 

MnstCA n.a— a 

MSmcGrA319 *9 


jfs^n Fund n9-29 MMwett: m&TEAp 1636 — .13 

!>g— 91 hweme oa — a AcSuSGvt 9.N — 9 irerTEp 149 —a 

3i yi yLJ na —9 Muni 071 —9 Goyip 9a —9 InvGrA p 1035 —9 

.ailnrigLnr xa *JB opoGr 927 —03 IntOvP lOa — 39 LTGewAplOa— 9 

NUSPundt; _ LettMKUIOM *9 dittlCA 11.9—9 
U4— 31 LcsKTsvA 09 — 10 MSmcGrA319 *9 

Dugi^'j-g — 'g Snertrciixa— 9 OHTF 119—9 MSInGrCI2095 +9 

CgOnrcA 7a —9 gjullyn N96 *25 TFMp 1073—04 NlMncA 1X31—9 

eilf&SA ,Hf FxdiilllR 109— 37 Ntandta 1471 —9 mTOXApIXIO— 11 

K RMncn 119— 07 MeneltMC 1X4) *9 NYTIiSfnlxa— n 

1^9—9 eipxin 1014 .. Mm S y F unds; 0PP«! lOD *9 

Gb.mp A MS - HYSean 137 *9 FxInT 30a — .13 PATGAplI.77 — 9 

SSfiS. mtaqn 1438 *9 GnvItiT 2S76— U a^pD.17-9 


gdercp 119—09 
EmerGr ION —17 
Cavtn 027 — )0 
Grinc 10.19 —9 
InsiOv 89 —31 
InsIGvAdi 924 —23 
MUTE 10 a —37 
AMITE 1044 —37 
PocEucG 1570 *2/ 
Seder P IA57 — 19 
Vduep 1065 —39 


CATE )0»— 9 OdncAp 109—13 GwIhA 2)9—03 CtflA 950 —U 

Fund 1279 *9 EmGrAplXn*.W MU 1X16*24 FLknd 101S— 9 

GIEq 1439 *20 FLInsAp 939—9 OporA &96 — 77 Gr^P 1735—9 

GrIncA 9.91 . GrIncAp 1136 . PrcMIA 129—17 UTf 0-?4 -9 

mwQin 1007—11 GrawllUpn.17 *9 TnttA 1X56—9 MNbiS 1019 — 9 

NdlTE 1020—27 MtOfAp 1124 *23 tEGvA 024—27 MemM 1076—9 

NYTE 1075—9 NalNUrAp1093 — 9 BqlnB 1X11 *.12 MinnTF 11.95—9 

OpPort 199 *.14 STGUp 223 _ Gndh8ia92— 9 i WOlns 9.90—01 

SmCop 1575—9 STHiOUpSa— 01 mcemeBt 759 — 9 Nat^ 9.9S - 

USGov 119-38 USGavAp99— 9 IntIBt 12JI *24 I9TF 1046 *9 

:B8GwiP 938—07 SMMSeiett Qporfif 2574—27 US^ 927 —21 

NTna nSbNtuimioa —a Prec6MBllJ7 — 17 USffovYn 9J9 

AdBd 2674 —20 usmdtn 9.02 —M ShlGvB 935—9 V H o dB llJieyfc 
Cm 359—74 USIncTn 9,92 —a ToxExBt 1136 — 9 TolRei 129—10 

EmGr 3035 *.18 VolEaltn 11.76 — 07 ToraelB 1X40—9 G«d^ 1339 —9 

miBd 2XC3— .14 VelBqTnn76— 9 USGwBI 802—07 Lldf^ 939 — 36 

STIF 10M *3) VAMuTnloa — 9 TlmraBmRis: t*M 1018—9 

Value 26a +.14 voMiniMoa— a icitMu ixa -9 gqm *a *32 

niibpwn 59 *JB SkvSeeFunds: LldTln 1137 —M Wdl.Sl 6. W *31 

mSop ixa— 9 Eurape loa +.18 UdCd 1X52 — 9 Wdburp PinaiB 

a a teniHd. SpEwh n 179 — 37 UdGvIP ills— 9 CMjWnl39 +9 

CBBBd na . SpGauUII 109 +31 UdMunpll27 — M BnGlhn 2U1 — 9 

cSbBs 1X91 *9 SnSbBipiieyA: NMM 1X81—9 Fixdincn 971—02 

DSiDv 10.N *9 CopApa 1X84 — a Tocquev 1356—01 GlohDxdnIOa +9 

DSILM 934—9 GIGvIAx 119 —02 Tower Rods ^Bcn 1X78*31 

FMAsoc 10 a —n lncGrcUp1X96 *9 CopAPP 139—9 intEgun aa +54 
ICMSC 169—04 lncRdAx 934 — a LAMun 109—9 in^qn 169 *34 

McXMEql032 +9 hiHA 10X1 *J2 TetidRel 932—9 InlGvtn 99—35 


Qnrfif 2574—27 
PrecNletBnJ7 —77 
ShlGvB 935 —9 
ToxExBt 1136 —a 
ToraelB 1X40 —9 
(giSwBt 882 —07 


FLmsd 1015—9 
GniStkp 1735 — 34 
UTf 99—9 

MNbiS 1019 — N 
MitViM 1076 —23 
MinnTF 11.95—9 
JWO Ire 9.90 —01 
Notl^ 9.9S 
AOTF 1036 *9 
USGv 927 -Jtl 

US&Yn fa 
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TolRel 1X9 —10 
Gmwth 1X60 —9 
Lidfem 9a— 9 
MlM 1018 —35 
GlqtMl 99 *9 


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SMmn)X1S— 9 MuCou h 12.18 —10 TTademerhFmdS! tniaKmmAplfii) + 
ErGwKin 99—9 MuFLAx1X75 — 12 Equityn 1063—9 WetePMcCrett: 
SMTRn 109 - NtuLHUx 651 — 9 Govtinco n 99 — 9 Divine 11 a — 

SirSciln 99 —a lMunNUx1X21 — ,12 i<YMunn932— 9 Govt 99 — 

SlerSTFnfa— 9 MuNJAx1X17 -sl2 DGovtn 99—9 Grttic 229 — 

SferSfn 11.14—9 MuWVAxTX77 — .10 Tt up so me rlcut StWh 999 — 

TSWEq 109+31 91TSV 430 —.02 AdiGvA 9.70 —02 OumtEanSSl *. 


ErGwKin 99—9 
SkfTRn 109 
SirBoln 99 —9 


ErnGOin 2071 —37 
Fixdincn 9a —32 
GiohDxdnIOa +9 
G^n 1X78 *31 
iid^n 309 +9 
in^qn 169 *34 
IrUevt n 99 —35 
NYMurinlOM —01 
tasdchAP^I +9 


TSWEq lOa +31 
TSWFix 9.79 —a 
TSWIntI 1X73 +.18 


USCwlA 1X91 —.11 
UHArx 129— J)7 


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WrtdW U05 +.15 AGEFdpxXtt-^ 3?DlX-n -9 
IddPySdsdtt AdlUSp 927 —JB vomen 1X33 *9 

Sffr 1434 +.n A» 976—9 HotfeoFd ntIUI *9 

ll:?li«"SggfS79-n 

Stokerr 169 +.12 Cdlnsp 119—9 HenadesRoMk 

aSmr 9a * Ja CAMommx ~ja e^n 1031 *24 

kS *31 CdTFrBx 730 -34 LAniVdn1033 +9 


GEcvp 1002— 9 HTInsGqp1U6 +9 
Fmtrnp 2539 —09 KTMoRP ON— 9 
Gcr&c 9.19—9 HmmCdo 09 
Gcwttinp 119 —13 HomcrlnvFde 
Posurtn 109 +.10 BiOiGfl 9.9—04 
SpeOM 7.11 —34 STGvl 09 —9 
affiOfR1776 *a SmeoGri |.17 -9 
nBMWSqwieFde USGwl 052 —9 
Balanced 99-35 HacherPeedk 
GeviSec 9 JO —25 Bond 1Q9 —04 
1CLI0 M &0Aopn1S77 *31 
ouSd 9a— a Grewmni|3B— a 
OuSCr. 0a —a mbn SS *36 


R.TXA 109 —9 
GbhKA 068 
GrthA 1237 —10 
HiYield 729 —01 
mOttU OM— 9 
InlU 1003 +.10 


NHdrcA 1X31 — 9 Vduep 1065 —9 TSWIntI 1X73 +.18 UHApx 129—9 
NYT(SiAp1X10— 11 RdTrlD 933—9 RdiTanpnlOU *S3 Smilta Burney BBC 

rfYT^l!u — n RP!l![Shp .fa -35 RmbrmirFMidS! „ Coe^ —26 


mtaan 149 *33 
hflFixIn 99 +31 
L»SurFln1016— 01 


littgBKFc 109 — a OhTFT 21.18 

ift'+i *M MunFxl 109 —29 SadT 199 

Ivj^ PA^qlOa— 10 NMrGIdP 69 

bSm Tn«~n 179—13 AtarttSp 1476 

g0>y01 >H! — E Sinn 9.97 —a M eme omenrFds 


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1020 —20 
ON— 9 


STGlOb 6.93 
SmCPEqASa—01 


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MOTIDr'1051 —9 


Brdotr 3 

sssr / 1 

Cenwr 2 


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7*n~^ Veluen 1X9 *9 

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^ 3 ^ S 2 ^'’px]SS=:S 

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liCqT 3221 +34 aincAP 49 
NuSak 7a +9 ShlncBI 431 *9 
OhTFT 21.18—9 SlaSTlAp 431 
SadT 199— a DlnGTAR 49 — 31 
NMrGIdP 69—74 SirInvAP 477 —01 
Atartt^p 1476—9 TdreRp 249—14 
MomaomeryFds Txmi 950 — 07 
EmgMM 1S9 *59 TxRAp 99 —9 


□poen 109 *9 PluifTMtx 1018—34 
PATBAplI.77 — a PgrttoFdS;^,,^ 
Spemp D.17 — 04 BdKn 2175—04 


21.18 —a 

199— a 


BdKn 219—9 1 

Bdlltt 2674 —18 
EalKfec 3X33 —a 
GrirKn 229 —9 
mtBOM 99—9 : 

MidGc1.n2036 
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SpGrn N.92 +9 
TxEmBdnOa —9 Ri 


AsioTT 1010 *29 
BdTrn 9.76 <9 
aPxlnTrnl072 + 9 
GwihTr n 1IU» —35 


InoGre IXM *9 
mtiB 1010 *29 
MIC 1871 *20 
MuLtdBx 651 —9 


Gdvtincon99 — a Divine 119—9 
RY Mun n 923 —9 Govt 99 —a 
DGovIn 99—9 Grinc 229—18 
t up so me rlm Gtifh 9925 —77 

AdiGvA 9.78—9 OuontEanSSi *9 
Cc pCirp 1178—9 Tudorn 2046— .17 
CA^E 109 — 9 Wdl2PVdn99 — 01 
EmGAp 2377 —15 VUailsVdn 1^ —9 
iiriGBC 2X12—15 WPrtheimEQ937— 9 
GrlnAp )09« *9 WerthetmET 091 —01 
GrlnBl 11.02 *9 Wtttuiii, 


irdEaTrnUD *78 SmBliBmyShrsna 
SIGwFIT 99—9 AdiGwAR 9.D *31 


SmCopT 971 —21 
TEFITrn 99—9 


AdVSTA p 24.66 —16 
AoGrAp 3472 —9 


TUxFITrn9a— 9 AporAp ION —9 
VdueTrniQJS *.I5 TelGAo 1271—9 


GrlnBl 11.02 *9 
NoiRsI 1572 * 70 
Gwinci 99 —9 
CATFAPTO02— 9 
GvindTr 771 —JO 
GvSKP 753 — 37 
HiYIdB 7a —9 
HYTPI 977 —9 


Gla6&an i£ib *37 Tlmep 159—9 Me^Gram 
GtabOopnlXT? +71 TotRtAp 014 +9 AsselA n 109—9 £eap 329 *9 

Grew^ 1572— » TdRiBin ON +9 Fxdlnn 5iWripl3574 *9 

liKiEMkt 14878 *xil8 USGvip 975 —9 GrowQtn 1100 +31 GovSkp IXM +31 

KaE SgSiB’T T i^ap 143 IT 9 miin ixa *79 MidCoppsosi +9 

stArti Ml —9 ov er lBi Bl Bijie sc STGovn 977 —03 SoeAwp 26,74 *3l 
1 I 35 T 9 lL^-9 _Vol ugn 119 +.14 RlmcDBd lj6 — 08 

MoraaMFifee CATPA U34 — 9 RfceFlOidk RlmeoSIk 139—03 

oSSSit^U +51 ^i«A IBM -27 AdjUS .432 -9 RlwerinE,. ifoD *R 


CapAppn1|77 *31 TediA 97) +9 
Growdin 1|9 —a TXTPA 1013 —9 
Min ^0 +36 TOIRetA 096 —9 
InDGrn 1174 +31 USGuvU 857 —07 
SmOurn ON —01 USMipA 4.91 —9 
VQluen 1X33 *9 MenwRpdsji; 
laverfdnt1D7l +01 DdncBI 59 *01 
lesrltandFite GrthBl 1X44 —II 

USGvtp J9 — n HYlOBt 739 —01 
Values 3X18—9 KIPSTGI 6.90 
WrTKF 99 -9 S MMI 89 -9 
SmCqpBI 523 —01 
Tc^St OM— 9 
USMtoBt 6.90—9 


CdlTFrox 730 -34 


i/dn1033 + 30 


GwMMpxea— N ASienGa 179 +31 STnUSrA 129 +9 
GusSTex 972 — 11 1 aohEoA IXS3 *75 STGovI 5034—9 
HOneAP 459 +jn 1 GlobEoBnlXiS +.16 ISGMA 1006 —N 


UdMAp 79—9 MorpaaGreaielB VRGA 036 —9 

OTCAR 7.72—12 EinmEq 937 +31 PiBaxEG 1151-9 
RsdUP U9— 9 Fxlrsm 109—37 PBHGGrn 139 — 14 
SedAp 129—10 GtobaFxn977 +9 PFAMOoFdss 
SmUpK 75! —31 mSmCpnlON +.1* Beion 1075 —9 

TWRAp TX87— 9 lUuniBd 109—9 CopApn IXD— 18 

UOMp 7.14 *35 AVoKaSopIlll +31 PivLownJ19-^ 

VduAp 038 <31 MtocpSIHilBSlfe ErnmMkt]^ -77 


CenPNr 1X74 +9l COTFp 1178—91 NAmCnnn97l +9 iKeotPuedC; 


W0EaAp1681 <9 AdbrynlX33 +73 
WoGvAd 11.19 49 ASMAnSUa *39 


SIralGrA 129 +9 Some 119 +9 RivemGVl 9.19—07 MtNYA 872—9 

STGa^ 50X4—9 BIChG 119 — 9 RhretsMeCaps LldMup &0» — .01 

USG^ 109— N COITan 9.95—9 EquHv 1X91 *9 LlrfTrp 771 -9 

VRGA 09—9 CopAern 139 '70 Fedin 729—25 AitgOvAp 1239 —11 

1151—9 EliwGran 119 *23 TNAAuOb 9.91—9 MpMuAplS59— 9 

BHGC'n 139 —14 Eqinen 1673 - 73 Rebertse n Slettieei! 6 MiMuap1229 — 9 

FAMOoFdss Eqkfecn 1X20—9 Coniron 119—9 NIMuAr 1231 —07 

bSSi 1075—9 Euro pe n 129 *9 &nCrp 1678—11 NyMuAp 1633 — 07 

G^pn IXD— 18 F^n 1A44 *72 VUPhrS IXM *37 PrMUp 199—01 

DivL3«vnn9— 9 ^InsM n1037 — 9 RechMerPiK^ PrTRA 1571 *22 

EmmMktl^^ GNM" S-SS-^ BOGrawPlXM— 01 SpEqAP > 41 —^ 


levnBIOi 149— a Tttin 1N9 *9 InvQAp 09—07 GNMAIn1S9— 10 
MfimeCreuR azAAuap 99—9 TFBdA 1037 — 9 intBdIn 109 —a 

BEeOiP XLN *9 CoMuApISa— 37 TFBdBt lOD — 9 MIDCOInl$9 — 10 
EfFdrw43S9 *9 DivsSilncp7.76 — 01 jTruttForCredUi: STGovll 104—9 

Goi^p IXM +31 FdVaUP 016 +31 GV 978 —01 BollnvRp17.N — 9 

Mi£opp2031 +9 GlabBdA 159 -31! MSP 9.61—9 GNIAARp!^— 10 

SocAwp 26.74 *31 GIOpAp 3018 - 29 TMPI9M 99—9 MdODRp1S54— N 

llmcoBd 99—9 GrirUp 99 >9 TFttl07 99—9 STGavlRp1&9— 9 

IlmeoSIk 139—03 HrlncAl 11.15—01 TMpy97 99—9 Westweed Funds; 
:)WinE iTh *77 IniCAA 019— 9 TumerOEnllN— 9 Bdinsi 6.N — 10 

livMIGVl 9.19—07 MtNYA 872—9 TVraedvGV 1259 +.11 Bointt 579 —.10 

:hretsMeCBPs LidMup &0» — .01 IMhCMdirry: htlBdl 931 —a 


MidCapp2031 +9 
SoeAwp 26.74 *31 
eimcD Bd 976 —20 


AZTF 10 a -9 
BdM 1471 —a 
LTid 99—09 
ModVol 1235 -37 
ORTE 14.10—9 
Bdlnvln ION —01 
BoSVIln 2095 '9 
Eqinl n 1^ 
GNMA In 1574 —.10 
intBdIn 109 —a 
MIDCOInl59 —10 
STGovtl 1574 —9 
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WoGrA 1635 +77 
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MuBdA 1065—9 
MUHAX 09—37 

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JMuARAp 977 —32 
MuCAAp Xfi -31 
MUFLAp 99 —JB 
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MuMAAp1088-+9 
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1133 *9| 
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PIMOOFundss msifcn 1270 +70 

TWein 109—36 J 5 S"" ’I'm ’'■ll 
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LowOurn 99 Z 9 MdShtn 59 —81 


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EUlOCONTAa bi1 EmM * TiDvd- 
faviee.Ca Vim -hCS-l-SIO 63 19. 


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MuMAApIDM— 9 InilEq 1570+34 9.S 

NdMDApiool - jRieaivniai? *.ra aartTn 939 _ 

JMiMSAp 9.19 — 9 RaalYIdn OM +37 Fmn 930 -a 

AliiNCAplUI \mb^nll.98 <35 (WHin 9^ -H5 
MiWAp1046-9 SevSn 109 +9 HlYld 

MllSCAp 11 a — 35 wiuiiimcnnpMTS +9 Gr«^n 1X76—31 
MuTt4Ap1077 — 9 MunMIGB 109 — 08 LTLWn 99—9 
MtaiVAAptl.n —9 iMulIBnri 10X1 *36 PNC^pttS: _ 

UKS 7.12 *24 MdwdSerfitt BolonoeS IXU -23 

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gmfif Al 18 OucMn M.17 *31 C m^ S-S 

GeklBI 3)4 —9 Snesn 0320 *34 Growthl 938 —34 

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5-S--13 &M«II103S . miinBdS J-w-a 

KInBI 4.N +31 enSyiu 1330 _ inIGvtS 976—9 

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IntGovH 976 —9 
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Mtmaaed 0.N —37 


GATFn 99—07 
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Gimthn 3023 *27 
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t«YMn 016 +9 
incomen ON —20 
InlBdn 99 
InODIsn 1756 *J7 
ifflSifcn 1X70 +70 
Jopcnn 1135 +.14 


TNAAuOb 9.91 —a MpMuAplS59— 9 Growttin219 *34 
BbertseeSleuheei; NkoMuAplXTf — 35 Herinvn f.9l 

Coniron 1174 —34 NIMuAr 1231 —07 lntEmGrnS33 *.10 

&ncrp 1678—11 NyMuAp 1633 — 37 InHEqn 734 *.10 

VUPhrs IXM *37 PrAMAp 109— 01 LlEondn 0.15—9 

achMerPi^ PrTRA 1S7I *9 Seledn 26.99 >.18 

BdGnwPlXB4-31 SpGqAP 1631 -76 TsESTn 9.99 

RoAAup 1737 —n SlroHnA 169—9 TxElnl A 1073 — 33 

LMNYp 273 —01 UlflAp 1379 * 31 TKELTn1012-9 

Mnev Squero: SmtftBniyShiwL B; Ultra n 1937 —81 

Divino 1X62 —07 ABGrBi 2433 —9 USGvShTn$9 —9 

Growmp 1531 — 33 AOorBi 1093—9 Vciuen 576 *9 

InHEqp 1359 *9 CoMuBI 1X54 -37 Vislart. 083 —13 

ddston Funds: ConvBl 149—9 USLineStkn5.l3 +31 

OvSKn 975 —36 DvsInBt 776 -31 US&AGroup: 

GHn 1071 —a ElirpB) 14.N *71 ABSvGthn1774 . 

NliOWGr 119—14 FLMuBI 9.71—9 BotanoednlX42 *34 


RoAAup 1737 —11 
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JOPCnn 1135 +.14 1 MBdWGr 119—14 FUMuB 

LldAmn 9,91 *37 lOyGeFuiidK FriVog 

Al^n 584 — 81 PgtmMu 015-81 G^r 
AltfThFrn 9.D — OS Eetnc 559 * 31 GlOPBt 

AAidCepnU9 — 11 OTC 637 —9 GvS$l 

NewAmn2S9 *9 Premier n 635 —37 GrlnBl 
NAmA 9.73*74 Vahiem 050 -31 Hilncsi 

New£ran2l.19 *31 RusiimoreGTeiiie invGdBi 

AmG»n 1178 * 39 iMfeCvB 

NJTFA 1031 —35 USGLsn 937 — le IMelMuB 

NYTxFnIOa— a USinin 092 —10 NJIMuB 


FUMuBI 9.71—9' 
FriVMBt 8,13 >31 


1A89— M AtDTFn Ml56 — 9 


HnilBI 4.99 +31 
mmriBtx 013-9 
MAITB 1)73—03 
OrCB 79—11 
AAIGB 1011—9 


OHTEIP 1056—91 
TdAdwIl ION — N| 
TreosiP < I 


WASHNBTON BC***USA Cedol *“ ***^ * 


KSOMS IXV3— 06 BmauRDllAS 

(J?H^9J6 <35 

NWNLNorlbstaR 

Mo™ 109 —04 HPfldA 49 -9 


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HhCMdurv: htlBcfl 931 —06 

Bc4lnvn 1531 >9 BdSvc ON —10 
GOtn 1434—23 EoSve ^—11 
Growth A 219 >34 MBdSv Ml — M 
Herinvn 9.91 .. wa igm Bloir: 

IntEmGrnSa >.10 Grewthn 974 +9 
InHEqn 734 *.10 Income 1012—36 
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34 Emotenr 979 >38 iWTWEquFdS: 

Eouitv 1957-9) BSouncniOTS >75 


TO OUR READERS IN WARSAW 

Morning honcklelivery of the IHT 
doy-of-puyication is now available. 
Call, today: 635 37 75 


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//£ rV* 


SOLID VALUE FROM THE G R 0 U N D UP 




If German quality - like Meissen fine porcelain ~ is your cup of tea, we suggest you spend 
your next break looking into German Pfandbriefe. Accounting for about 40% of the vast fixed-; 
interest securities market in Germany, Pfandbriefe generally provide higher yields than 

German Treasury bonds (Bunds); And thanks to the 
strict legislation of Germany's Mortgage Bank Act, 
they are just as safe. 

This legislation is designed to ensure that 
investors receive a full return of principal in all 
circumstances. Pfandbriefe are bonds used to refinance 




'5* 





Bk 
IN 
t I 

t 

I 

I 


mortgages or public loans. The bonds are covered by 
mortgages with an upper lending limit of 60% of the^ 
property's conservatively estimated value, or by public-; 
sector loans. They must always carry backing of sepa-: 
rate funds with at least matching yields and' 
maturities. Moreover; all Pfaiidbrief issues a^ psr 
monitored by a state-appointed tiiistee. Issuiiig ' 
banks are fully liable for each issue. 

These and other safety features of the system ' 
help explain why at year-end 1993, DM 1 tiilliom - 
were invested in outstanding Pfandbriefe, of wMch Germany's ■ 

26 private mortgage banks accounted for DM 603 billion. As for quality,-: i 

no investor has ever failed to receive 100% repayment of a Pfandbrief held I .German Pfandbriefe . are officicrfly .|^ 

. j. -j XT 1 1 n ■ fluofedonGeimansbdci^tiariges,^; 

to matunty. Not bad for an idea that goes back 225 years. I issuers adively mamtdin p .well-'* 

™ ^ncfioning secondary market. ' ‘ 


ry 

j 

% 


IN 


WHEN THERE'S NO SUBSTITUTE FOR 


GERMANY'S MORTGAGE BANKS 

DEPFA-BANK, WIESBADEN 
BAYERISCHE VEREINSBANK AG, mOnCHEN 
HYPO-BANK, MUNCHEN 

DEUTSCHE HYPOTHEKENBANK FRANKFURT AG, FRANKFURT 
RHEINHYP, FRANKFURT 

DEUTSCHE GENOSSENSCHAFTS-HYPOTHEKENBANK AG, HAMBURG 
FRANKFURTER HYPOTHEKENBANK AG, FRANKFURT 
DEUTSCHE CENTRALBODENKREDIT-AG, KOLN 
BAYERISCHE HANDELSBANK AG, MUNCHEN 


WE5THYP, DORTMUND 
BERUN HYP, BERUN 

SUDDEUTSCHE BODENCREDITBANK AG, MUNCHEN 
MUNCHENER HYPOTHEKENBANK EG, MUNCHEN 
HAMBURGHYP, HAMBURG 
WURTTEMBERGER HYPO, STUTTGART 

nOrnberghyp, nOrnberg 

HYPOTHEKENBANK IN ESSEN AG, ESSEN 
DEUTSCHE HYPOTHEKENBANK [ACT.- GES.J, HANNOVER 


??(:• 

‘•Vi/;. 



jr: 


BRAUNSCHWEIG-HANN0\^RSCHE 

HyPOTHEKENBANK AG, HANNOVER 

AG, FRANKFURT 

LUBECKER HYPOTHEKENBANK AG LUBECK ' 
NORDHYPO BANK, HAMBURG- 
. BFG-HYPOTHEKENBANK AG, FRANKFURT 

WL.BANK,MUNSmi . 

HYPOTHEKENBANK IN BERUN AG, BERUN ■ ' 




t 




«sie 







I 





Ulii 


• - 






'N 

V 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBONE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


Pigell 


New Iwtemational Bond Issues 




^.Cooipifed by LoirencB Dwviteta • 

■sailer 


(millions) *“*•. ^ iSS 


.Tams 


0 i 




r‘*v' 

*» • V 

•s • 

' U • 

/ 

, y * 

" j* 
% •• I. 


W— ting Batmugto t 

Argenrina 




$100 1997 


BonkOogangNsgord $765 2001 


W- Owr im^ UbBT. Nnwieiafclfc a4SlL (J,P. Mergvi 

SBavMei,) 


ExportJmportBqnlcof 

^Coreo 


}j0 99JSSI - ~ Ow«iniMfiQber.bdeeBKAb4n im.lw-'Q 
• . , Motbbb SeeuriBw AbbJ ... 


$200 ■ 1999 0i3B ..-We'*^ ••■ — 


Ovw ^4Wrth lAob NoneoUte. Nm am Omo^^ 

csoyooa (tna am) • .. 


NoHond Bodi.of 
Hungary 


$S0. 1999 7% 9&e — 


GRSr <^iiiQrth Ubor. MMccdcUe. ftm 050%. pcricnm 
BreihinInllJ 


TPiPolene 


$100 . 199? m- ^ 


Over Aflionlh libor. NohbJobb. fesOm 

hoiieifiai*.} 


Ailgemeine 
Hypothdien Bonk 


• DM200 1997 .fbiir 100.10 — 


'.bWot wil be ihe Sobnh Uber-Nancalablr. Fm OSDK. 
'(ComiMrAoik] 


Cage Centrdede 
OOdit Immobilier . 


Dm 175 1999 ’H •• ^ — ■^*iiirrr rvnrNrrrfifi’fMifnrf 


Oe Notionole 
■nvesferingsbonli:' 


YIO/XIO 1998 231 100 - ■ — 


.IbWmI wfll be a ftwil ZaO%. und Neir. T9Mb 040 bmt «■ 
fflonA Uwr imfi i!ilov.'')9M vd 6M omr' Snoinlh tibor 
>hw wlM. Noi »ij ll uU *.FwpndheloiML9«l8riBCl»*inl|rtl 


nud-Coupont 


Bonk Nederlondse 
Gemeertfen 


$200. 1997 . 6K l * T-*F M- irint??tt H r »i ndri M ft F ^TOT P.tW Hnni ^frp | 


Boyerische 
Verdnsbonk Hnonce 


$200 1997 ' sa 


101JM5 9925 RceAw^ at 99^9. hk nuJU bh l ISgTSMB leM 


Grand MetFopdilcm $200. 1999 .7. ' X .r^Tinfft'- Vg*-*- ^ 
Invesfmertf Coro. ' L.‘ * ' ‘jMw^rabingJeidimutflDSKSnflnnFMC'lJISLItclMMn 

• • • ■• •- ■' ' ;Bralhen Inti), ' ' 


1^ Kimio Int1 
Fmonoe 


$200 2001 13Vi- .. , f‘-^niintiln nnTlftmn) 


Europeon Investnenk. - .dmZSO 
Bode 




Hdoba 


£100 2004 9 


lOlA)^ ■<* OOA /7 ML Du a MM A im 

' E1OjO0Q.{Selenen BrathBrtWlJ 


Abbey Noliond '. rn.4SO/)00' 

Treasury Services 


T997 .1070 .lOUft-lViDOJO NoncelieM. fMi11IK.i5waBeMC^ 


ABN-Amro Bade 


DFSOO 2002 . 7 100 . 99,50 H8effvedn997aNonco|Bbk^1%.(ABr4AweSdnh4 


General Bedrie 
Capitd CorpL 


ECUlOO. 1998 7K T0UB3 


9950 faoAm^n 99m Nmiafaii IMk 
- ' ZetfeWedd} 


Canadian dobd 
FurxfingCorp. 


C$150 2004 10 10U95 


1Q0 l 35 fa eff add d 99J7/N«>aBfa blfc fi Migble Mih fluSWrihg 
«•, itne In 33SD ndfan. fea 2%, 9<vi- 

farac Bodb] . - - . 


inti Rnonce Corp. 


C$300 2000 zera 6Q5I5 


595tr faofhrad n 5953. YiaU 9 j 031«. NanttieeU. Prnniidi 
CSi;9 o«»Lte liCK (Dom fine*4 


RobobtfikNederiad C$150 1998 


lOldO 10055 MoBe^d pa: NongdMM.F>e1llflt.{WWd Gundy) 


Rabobank NedeiM a125: -;2O0f 9K 103io — : ^boAMdlaafc^tearftahdfiMi^JL^nlodGundyJ 


Ausirdian Industry 
Developme n t Cor^ 


AaSlOO. -2004. 9^. lOOJ^ 9775 NanttMM>M MIL 


National Australia 
Bonk - 


AaSlOO :‘199? 9I& 


10152 99^ Nof«nm9bd2L5Wdandu2aMW«d^ 


Queendond Trecavry 
Corp. 


AudlOO 1997 4K 


975^ - SaeiamuoUy. Nanee/hU»j ^Mt DHL OeMnandwH 

- AwSIOm {NwHini Ml) 


Albdta 


>10)X)0'''1997~ 350 10020 ^ 'NeoaddM. ta nd «daad.9iWr« Lyndi Ml) 


Hydra-Quebec 


Y 10^00 1997 3M 100 — 


Nanedkibift. Pbm nor dtdaaad Ocnamdoni 100 nffan 
yUL (SdMMM frodias idlj 


NewSo^Wdes YlO^ 

Treasury Carp. 


1997 320 JOOo&.^tt 


NeHCBtpbM. aiSlL DanomnedeM 100 mSan ym. 
(Nmm Ml] 


Stole Bank of New YlO^XXI 
Soulfi Woles 


2000 450 10053 ~ NancMdiMFMtUSSLptottraMl} 


Sweden 


Y1QO/IOO ... 1996 190 9959;-/,— NoariMbte. faa om ptoiwa Ml) 


Treos^CeM^ oT •' y 10,000 
VictDrki 


1997 3L3> 


100.15 . NonedbUB. Fmi ai5IL Pw Mwwd onu 100 iiJiai ]«n. 
pbnuiaMl) , . 


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Banco de GaSdo-y 
Buenos ARes IS 


7' . UO 


SnaoMBcly. CoUh a par In T997. ConwtUa at 
aAdZ5pnnpadaeia3a31%pranuBi,anda1 pan 
|Mrdc*r.Fnn2l«L(GaMnaiSDddMl) 


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Industries ' f •f*w™Wl) 


WORLD SrOCBS M WKW 


.' f*.- 


ViB AsMKt FmoiAriM 

Amsterdam 

AmstenlaiD ended the 
sessioQ luarly undians^ . 
the EOE index at 419.^ pom^ . 

ChemKab finn Akzo Ndbei. 
ended higher at 219.70 after a 
bout of psbfU>Ca]±ig Thursday,:.. 
Unilever rose 1.10 to !96h:'5r 
week before pubHshingtts h^. 
yearresul^ 

KLM airlines, Royal Dutch' 
SheQ and dectitxucs gjant mi- 
ips all saw thdr stocks dqi 
sinally Friday, with KLM at 
55.90; Ro^ "Dutch' Shdi at" 
19930 and FhOq^ at 55.80. 

Fnankftat 

The DAX ind» of 30 lefu&hg 
German issues dosed higher* 
bolstered by a return of dealers 
to the xamet, althou^ -late 
profit-taking dampened the 
weel^s gains. 

The DAX ended at ^184^76 
pants, up 1.78 percent at -the. 
ptetious we^ ana&d calm baid 
and cunency madee^ biillid 
iWMuttip and eonunnic da ta . • 
Chemical shares pro^iered; 
before expected strong h^- 
year results due later this- 
month. BASF moved ahead 

9.40 Deutsdie marks to 32SB0 
DM. Bay”* put cm 830 DM to 
end at 36930 DM and Hoechst 
wwnwt 9.80 DM to finish at 

Si^SODM. 

Hong Kong 

Hong Kong stock prices 
surged 1 36 percent OD strong 
oveiseas buytn^ with the key . 
Hang Seng Index gaining 

119.40 points ^0 
9, 60231 on Friday. 


at 3,1673 -Frid^t np 2.75 . 
percent ‘froin ..die devious. 
'wei^a.ddea'-^-" . 

Biiddi Ahw^ gained 73 
. pence to dose at 429 peace after 
'aimciiScedi)i^B^l pecoent'jui'' 
mudpasaeiBgBrmcsease for 
and before tfie.rdeaseof 
tedy fignm 

• Tesco;-.vd^ won'4 
lud of die Se^^|^sq)ianw 
dim .Wini^ LAW, nin^ U 
to fitiiA it 2423, a^ole Sams- 
' faury,-which how^. out of die 
Uddim dcis^^at CSr tm 203i 

Bcinrii Pdfadonw 
nounced' a 19.1 percoit 1e^ in 
second quarto’ net profits, rais- 
ing half-year fvofits 60 pocent 
to £813 sullion, lost 33 pence 
to dose at 409. . ' 

lUUan 

Milan share index, Mbtd, 
tn^ the week 1.14 perc^ 
loa^ at 21.168 points in dun, 
directionless tciimng. 

IbemarketYw ihsmpponled 
that Fxiine MSnister’s ' SQvio 
BertusoonTs speech to parlia- 
ment i«g*ed concrete re- 
sponse to fais peiiceiv^ conflict 
of interests as head ot govern- 
ment and <d the Fininvest 
group. 

Rmons ouar an- mqniiy m 
the limted Stateson die Pariet- 
d/MGM afiaiE, in which Finnic 
vest is aB^ed^ implicated, 
only ag^vattd the pessimistic 
moM on the. bourse, dealers 
said. 

Fiat slid 136 perc en t, vdule 
OHvettt dropped 3.63 percent 
overthe we^ssesripQ. ' ' - 


saragpetfoananoe last week as 
tradecs bmsbed aside specu^ 
6oa of a UJ5. interest rate rise 
and looked forward to bullish 
hatf-year iqipils by local Uoo- 
ihip stocks, 

• T^ bey market m^caior, the 
Straits Tmei ludostiiab Ixidex 
r^isteied a 66.70 paint gain to 
.dose at 2373.1Z Mali^aa fi- 
nance counter Idris Hydraulic 
was the most active for me we^ 
wth vdume cf 4135 mSOion 
, ahro followed by Tan Chong; 
-ahich. recorded a vcdome of 
33.78 millioa unita 

hiteniaiiocial with 
29.66 million shares and Fro- 
met vrilh 2935 iiuUion units fol- 
lowed dose behind 


Parts 


v,du4p^i on rnu«7- , . 

AvttaesdaDyvduinetotmw Paris, still cav^t up in a- 
koUira pectalions. of .interest rate ior 

tsases, shru^ed off some ^ 
those feats last week, iu foe 
market rose 13 percent, .with 
lhe.CAC-40 finishing at 
2,107.07 points. , 

The boost left the laev index 
having' ciaMd back aiD wt 7.1 
pocoit of totd losses for the 
sea so far, arid dealers thiiik 
^ rises iveze geaenlly set to 
continue. 

Dealers now. have then eyes 
fixed on roconiing half-year re^ 
pHTWj wiw th® INbEE foiec^- 
ing institute opmnistic' fw the 
months to oomt.' ' 

■Thai optiniism has been to- 
oled iv «Ding Fienca unan- 
•^(jyioent in ^n^ tiie first drop 
Sfouryeats. . 


($576 iniffi^), 

3 J9 lallion dollars last , 

Property giant Chmmg Kong 

gtol^.ants, to 3830 
mi Hon^ong Land rose » 

Bats; to. 2 MS 'Sf 
Hongkong Bank added 2-75 
doSais at 95.75 doDars. . 

and HOTgKong Tdecom rose 
40^*ts at 15.80 ddllais. 


meat 


idoa Stock Market 
rearite fKffl* interest 
ITS last week, sfaoiK- 

Tv before proni-tak- 

inu U 3 L unemploy- 


■JieFm.iicW 
Fgrfc«^ im-(6hare index eno- 


Singapm^ 

- ; on the Stock Ex- 

' Singapore put lip a 


Treasury Refunding Could Be a Hard Sell 


CoofaedbrOwSt^^mDapou^ 

NEW YORK — Treasury prices are 
likely to be on shaky ^omd tins week as 
the marim braces for another increase 
in interest rates by the Fedoa! Reserve 
Board and abso^s sxp^ from the 
Treasurys quarterly reforming auctions. 

After the government rqxuted strong 
job growth for July on Friday, bond 

UAQKH)rrMARKErS 

prices piung^ and analyse were almost 
imammous in their assessineol that the 
Fed would raise rates, tone to bead off 
raf latiAi^ Ail* nu|bt accoinpany quick 
eccKiomic growth. 

.Those eiqiectatioos for a rate me are 
likely to damp en retail interest in the 
Treasmys sale of about bUh(M in 
notes boids as part <tf its quarterly 
refimding. 

- Potential buyers also wall be wary of 
goveroment reports due this week, in- 


eluding data on retail sales and producer 
and consumer prices for Jufy. Some 
economists said tb^ thought the July 
mflati ftn reading could be the hipest 
so far this year, reflecting the impact of 
fidfig commodities prices. 

Gwen uncertam^ faring the mar- 
ket, particularly about Fed monetary 
policy, "I would suspect we have to do a 
Hale more on the downside before we 
can bring in a lot of interest in bidding 
on the auctirms,’* said Barbara Kenwor- 
thy, a portfolio manager at Prudential 
Investment Advisers. 

Traders generally expect the Fed to 
raise interest rates by a quarter of a 
percental pant wba the j^cy-set- 
tisg Fed^ Open Market r/wnmitiwg 
meets oi Ang. 16. Bat some said they 
expected the Fed to move earlier and by 
a larger amount 

M&. Kenwolhy said a half-pescent- 
age-poont mcrease would reassure the 
marm about the Fed's commitment to 
tighting inOatiou. She said she would 


prefer to get the tightening out of the 
way on Monday, before the refunding 
sales be^ Tuesday. 

“The last thin^ the market wants to 
do is go into (be bidding process without 
knowing v^t the Fed wQl do,** she said 

Later in the weric, after the Treasuiy 
has sold 3- and 10-year notes, tiie eco- 
nomic news will start arriving. 

Kevin Logan, chief economist at 
Swi» Bank Co^ said the inflation 
numbers may present a problem for the 
bondmvkeL Hesaidhee:q9eeteda03' 
P«cent increase in producer prices fw 
July, due out Thursd^, awd a 0.4-per- 
cent rise in the July c op-f ur n er price 
lod^ (0 be releas^ Friday, 'nii^ 
be the highest lev^ seen since 
rebruaiy, and Mr. L n^»n those 
roadings would add to expectations for a 
red rate mcrease. 

But the outlook for thic wbs not uni- 
fomly ^oomy. Some analysts said the 
bond markers drop on Friday may have 
dieapened prices enoi^ to allow t^ 


auctions to go fairly smoothly. The yirid 
on the benchmaric 30-year Treasury 
bond rose to 735 pocent Friday from 
739 percent the previous week. 

Stuart Ho ffman, daef economist at 
PNC Cnpn piedicled the f rfund - 
ing aoctioDS would come dose to cunenl 
yields. He said the sdl-off on Friday 
partly reflected poritionmg before the 
auctions. 

Jer^ Zukowski, an economist at 
PaineWebber Inc., said he eiqiecied de- 
cent at the auctions and said the 

bond iwaAitf had still not cooq)letdy 
i^hakwn off the buUish undertones that 
generated recent retail buying imeresL 

“I think there are people «dio think 

it's safe to buy here and Itbink some will 
do so," he said. 

Mr. Zukowski noted that the market 
has had a teodent^ recently to reverse its 
losses on en^loyment retorts and said 
some partidpanls may be counting on 
that pattern. 

(Kiiight-Ridder, Bloomberg) 


Texas Takes Advantage of La FronteraAmpliando 


By Allen .R. Myeison 

Nats Yerk Time S«r*k* 

DALLAS -> M.G. (Buddy) 
Herring Jr., a shqppiztg center 
developer based here, remem- 
bers just how be reac^ abbot 
five years ago whenever anyone 
mentioned Mexico. "We didn't 
even thank about it,” he said, 
sweeping his i^ht arm. in front 
of him as if fending off someeme 
tiyn g to serve hitw an unfamil- 
iar, overspiced dish, had 
enoo^ opportunities in the 
United States.” 

Now an easel in his confer- 
ence room holds a map of Mexi- 
co, with orange adhesM dots 
on Le 6 n, T orr ebn, Chifauahna 
and Monteciey. Hb is so bu^ 
buikfing riionung centers in 
these cities, and iwalriTig plans 
for more that he no longer even 
bothers with the United States. 

When Mr. Herring boards his 
ffi^ts to Merioo, umaliy every 
wok, be is j<med by otiters 
ariose awakoiing has been as 

auMrai 

Can it the broadening bor- 
der, or la frontera airpUando. 
Qties hundreds of ndles from 
the Grande are acting more 

and more tike border towns. 

Nerwtim in the United States 
is tins more evident than in Tex- 
as. Here, astride the rail and 
highway routes to Mexioo's ma- 
jor dtita. the Nortit American 
Free Tra^ Agreement has ad- 
vanced a grand buauess allianoe 


tiiat was already weQ underway. 

Mexico has been lowering its 
trade aito investment barriers 
since the late ]98()s and Texans 
were mxxmg tbe first to notice: 

Business p^le in El Paso 
and Laredo, Texas, Chidad Jui- 
re^ Mesdeo, and other border 
cities are no strangers to cross- 
ing the Rio Gran&. Now, their 
counterparts in Houston, Dal- 
las. Chifaualraa and Monterrey 
are opening offices far to the 
noth or soaih, studying new 
iangnag«»a »nH trying earnestly 
to adapt to foreign ways. 

Next, want to redraw 
the re^on's maps, with new 
Tex-Mex highways, railways, 
even waterways. 

Last year, Texas shipped 
no.4 bimoQ worth of goou to 
Mexico, 49 percent of the total 
U3. exports to that country 
and more than three times as 
much as any other state. 

Next came California, with 
S63 bilti^ followed by Arizo- 
na, Michigan, lUinozs and New 
York. Although tiiese Com- 
merce Department figures 
might favor Texas slightly by 
indu^g some goods made 
elsewhere but only stored in the 
state, few trade specialists 
doubt that Teocas is the over- 
wbeltning leader. 

**The impact of Mexican 
trade on tbe American econo- 
my dirides the United States 
i^tly in Texas and every- 


Unilever Fires Back 
As Soap War Rages 


- Share prices rebounded on 
the Tokyo Stock Exchange last 
wed:, a moderate cecove^ 
in export-oriented issues fdP 
touting the yen's retreat against 
tbeddlar. 

The NBckd Stock Avenge of 
225 selected issues m tiie fiisi 
seetioD rose 7231 poists or 0.4 
peiodit to 20321-70 pants af- 
ter faHittg 1330 points tbe pie- 
. vionswede. 

. Average daily value of tnna< 
actions shrank from last week's 
^138 biDion yen ($23 bfitiou) 
to26L96 IxIUot yen. 

Deden said they would trade 

Japab-UiL. ti^e talk devdop- 
ments because they could dis- 
tmb the dpBax’s stalnlizatioaL . 

Bfaernrwifte makers ttused. 
Sony rose 30 yen to S3w yen 
and Mfitsuslto Electric Indus- 
tries SDised 130 yea to 2,760 
yen. jumped 35 yen to 

LOOO yen on news tbe dectran- 
ics giant announced an 
ageeetBent to mesgo with its 
sales sobridiuy. . 

Zwitk 

The Swiss Fecformance In- 
dex rose 16A ptmts last wedcin 
ffloderaie trading to end at 
1,72633. 

The most significan t news 
was Che 273 pciceat anmtalfali 
in UK h^-year profits to 929 
tmllion Swiss frwes, iqiorted 
Friday. The bank's ahaie rose 
34 frttacs to 1,150. 

Swiss Bank Cem and Oldit 
Bins^ vtideh anaounce 
balf-y^ results in the ooning 
days, both lost ground. Swiss 
Bank C 6 ^ dosed the sesston 
doam 9 at 399 and Credit Suisse 
Iost7to564w 


aktambag Btataas Naaa 

LONDON — Unilever 
Group, which last week com- 
plaint to regulator authori- 
ties about dams made about its 
new huudiy detergeat in a ri- 
val’s advertisements, went on 
tlie offenave with its own series 
of ads Sunday. 

In fuD-page newspaper ad- 
vertisements, Unilever went so 
far as to rq>eat its competitor’s 
allegation — that its new Petril 
Pov^ detagent eats holes in 
some falirics — to try to slap it 
down. 

Unflever said it asked iude- 
padmt test institutes, which it 
did riot name, to.conmare Peisil 
Power — known as Omo Pow- 
der in tbe rest of Europe — vrith 
another teafing ooaoeu&ued 
powder, vtinefa it also did not 
identify. 

They foznd no visiNe sagas 
oi fobric with either 

product,” the Umlever adver- 
tisements said. They ad^d that 
British fannlKs already have 
done *^iver SO milliai washes” 
with Ptts3 Power “and they’re 
coming back for mote.” 

-A wed: eariier, hs U3. rival, 
Procter & Gmtible Co., Uanket- 
ed British new^Nqiera with ads 

rfaiming that laimAi y Aatta^atia 

with so-called aocderatois that 

ermtain dapMgP f" b - 

rics even if the amount of tte 
acederator was low. 

Several newspapers also ran 
news artides, mustrated widi 
photos of nttued underwear 
and Qirtiring, that appeared to 
support Procter ft Gamble's as- 
sertioo. 

Neither PersU Power nor 
Omo were mentioned in Procter 
ft Gamble’s ads, but both were 
pronot^ heavily on tbe basis 


Report Rich 
Is Israeli Citizen 

Ratters 

ZURICH —Marc Rk^ the 
fugitive commodities trader 
now readent in Switzeriand, 
Hm bam granted Isradi dtizea- 
ship, a Swiss paper sa^ &mday. 

somitags 7 ffitiing said Mr. 
Rich’s office in the town of Zu^ 
where his worldwide trading 
firm is based, confirixied he 
become a dtizen ^ Israd. 

No comment was available 
from Mr. Ridi’s firm or the Is- 
ra^ eantossy in Bern. 

Mr. Ridk who was bom in 
pd g»F >, moved to Smtzerland 
in after luring New YorL 

After moving to Zttg, Mr. Ridi 
was chargra in the United 
States whh tax evatiou, fraud 
acKi mdwceerin& and he is stiS 
tinted by the lls. Justice De- 
partment 


<rfjust such a manganfgg aced- 
eraior, which lets deier^ts 
work better in cooler water. 

UoileveT filed a complaint 
f^gainst Procter ft Gamble with 
Britain's Advertisi&g Standards 
Authority last week, alleging it 
bad made daims '‘that cazmot 
be substantiated” 

Procter ft Gamble, however, 
is unctoaated, running adver- 
tisements for its Fa^ brand of 
deto^nt aaserting its product's 
safety. 

77»e ad was illustrated with a 
photo of a pair of tattered boxer 
shorts that allegedly were 
ruined by being wa^eo with a 
“leading noo-bio (detergent) 
with accelerator.” 

■ Incomnet Hans BnybadL 

Incomnet Inc. plans to Iray 
Incle as many as 1 million 
shares its stock on the open 
market, Bloomberg Business 
News r^exted from Woodland 
Hills, Califoraia. 

At FridiQ^s cloemg price of 
$930, the move could cost the 
tdecommunicatious company 
almost $10 miDion. Yet tbe com- 
pany 1***^ just $2 mSlion in cash 
cm We lo, less than half the 
$S3 mQljoa owed in accounts 
payable and accrued expoises. 


iwremarfs 
At a Glance 


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where else,” said William A. 
Orme Jr., the author of “Conti- 
nent^ Sinft: Free Trade and 
the New North America •* 

He said commerce between 
Texas and Mexico was concen- 
trated along one path: “The 
Dall^Monterrey axis is what 
this is all about” 

Dallas has the bankers, law- 
yers. consultants and finan- 
ciers, as well as the rafls, high- 
ways and aii 3 >ot 5 . to sp^ 
Mexican co mm e r ce. Monter- 
rey, 578 miles south in the state 
of Nuevo Leon, offers Mexico's 
largest manufacturers and a de- 
terminatioD to face north no 
matter what the directives from 
MeidcoGty. 

Buaness people in these swag- 
gering dties should know that a 
company across the border 
probably covets their customers. 

Cinemark USA Inc., based in 
Dallas, has battled Mexico's 
most powei^ labor union and 
other movie houses to ave 
Monterr^, and Mexico, its first 
chain of multiscreen theaters. 

A Monter^-based upstart 
airline, Aerogecutivo, has start- 
ed a fare war to Houston with 
Continental Airlines Inc. 
Among Its weapons: beverage 
carts stockeiL at least initially, 
with free (Thivas R^al Scotch, 
Bacardi 1873 Solera rum and 
Sa»iM (tonmemoraiivo tequila. 

The DaDas-Monten^ axis 
also runs through San Antonio, 


the largat city in the United 
States with a Hispanic majority, 
Lare^, and Nuevo Laredo, 
Mexicc^ the busiest customs 
posts oi the border. A oualld, 
coastal axis indudes Houston, 
with its port and many oil ser- 
vice companies that are incrcas- 
iogly bu^ in Mexico. 

But if San Antonio and Hous- 
ton are finding that their wdl- 
devdoped skills in courting 
Mcdcan business are ixrw hav- 
ing a greater payoff, it is Dallas, 
fartha nor^ that has diown the 
most startling turn from igoor- 
bg Mexico to embracii^ iL 

Dallas, a metit^olitan area 
of 3.9 ntiOioa peopl^ has ear- 
nestly sooght lecb^tion as a 
worid-dass dty. The dt/s pro- 
moters tout its direct flights to 
Paris, Loidon and Frankfurt, 
with DO contaminating stops m 
New York required. 

About five years ago, a con- 
sulting firm diwcatdy suggiest- 
ed that DaOas n^t find it easi- 
er to cultivate ties with Mexico 
than with Asm Of Europe. Tbe 
idea aroused more amusement 
than immedia te aCtiOD. 

Wealthy Mexicans are still 
far more 1 &^ to have houses m 
Houston or Sui Antonio than 
Dallas, and race rd^ons here 
remain sore. 

But as the home of some 
work^lass dealmakers. Dallas 
and ndghboring Fort Worth al- 


ways have an eye for successful 
new markets. 

While Dallas is the home of 
the trade agreement's leadbg 
opponent, Ross Perot, even Mr. 
F^t's computer services con- 
pmy searched Jam last roar, 
without mudi success, for busi- 
ness in Momeiri^. 

Dallas’s economic growth is 
once agam outstripping tbe rest 
of the country, and many here 
cre^t the opening of Mexioo's 
markets to the root's elec- 
tronics and mdustrial supplies, 
and, mcreasin^, its busmess 
services and consumer goods. 

Neiman Marcos Group, with 
its operations based here, has 
just made plans to issue its first 
catalogue for Mexico, and J.C 
Penney Co., m nearly Piano, 
will (men its first Mexican store, 
b MonteiT^, next year. 

Texas and Nuevo Le 6 n are 
joining m busmess research and 
trade missions, and issuing bro- 
chures entitled “Vacadones en 
Dos Naciones,” or “Two Na- 
tion Vacation.” 

Just last week, the Mexican 
secretary of commerce., Jaime' 
Sena Pttche, came to the Dallas 
World Trade Center to sedr m- 
vestments and push exports. 
Mayor Steve Bartlett handed 
him a to the dw and a 
Siring tie with a Dallas bolo 
dip, saying, “We m Dallas have 
stumd our economic future on 
NAFTA.” 


FIDELITY DISCOVERY FUND 

Sodet£ d'lDvestissement a Capital Variable 
Kansallis House 
Place de TEtoile 
L-1021 LUXEMBOURG 

NOTICE OF ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 

NOTICE is hereby that the Annual General Meeting of the Share- 
holders of Fidelity Discovery Fund, a soci6t6 d’investissenient a ca- 
pital variable organised under tbe laws of the Grand Duchy of Lu- 
xembourg (the "Fund")» will be held at the registered office of the 
Fund, Kansallis House, Place de lEtoile, Luxembouig, at 11;(X) a.m. 
on August 25, 1994, specifically, but without limitation, for the 
following purposes: 

1 . Presentation of tbe Report of the Board Directors. 

2 . Presentation of the Report of the Auditor. 

3. Approval of the balance sheet and income statement for 
the fiscal year ended April 30, 1994, 

4. Discharge of tbe Board of Directors and the Auditor. 

5. Election of six (6) Directors, specifically the re-election 
of Messrs. Edward C. Johnson 3rd, Barry R J. Bateman, 
Charles T.M. CoUis, Sir Charles A. Fraser, Jean Hamilius 
and H.F. van den Hoven, being all of the present Di- 
rectors. 

6. Electionofthe Auditor, specifically the election of Coo- 
pers &Lybrand, Luxembourg. 

7. Declaration of cash dividends on the Fund's Class A and 
Class B shares in respect of the fiscal year ended April 
30, 1994, and authorisation of the Board of Directors to 
declare further dividends in respect of fiscal year 1994 if 
necessary to enable the Fund to qualify for "distributca’" 
status under united kingdom tax law. 

8. Consideration of such other business as may properly 
come before the meetmg. 

Approval of items 1 through 8 of the agenda will require the affirma- 
tive vote of a majority of the shares present or represented at the 
meeting with no Tnimmnm number of shares present or r^resented 
in order for a quorum to be present 

VWth respect to item 7, in order to approve the dividends, each class 
will vote separately its approval of die dividend to be paid on shares 
of that class; the affirmative vote of a majority of die shares of that 
class present or represented at the meeting will be required in addi- 
tion to the affirmative vote of a majority of the combined classes 
present or represented at tbe meeting. Subject to the limitations 
imposed by the Articles of Incorporation of die Fund with regard to 
ownership of shares which constitute in the aggregate more than 
three percent (3%) of the outstanding shares, each share is entitled 
to one vote. A shareholder may act at any meeting by proxy. 

Dated: July 29, 1994 

BY ORDER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS 


FSdettiy 


H 


tmi^bnaOs^ 








\^ , VP L.J-' I 








age 12 


pciendsts Aim 
Laundi Media 
Hi^way in India 

.4gpfief Frannf Prvw 

NEW DELHI — Scienlisis 
are worki^ on an information 
highway aimed at linking 70 cit- 
ies across the country by next 
March, the Press Trust of India 
said Sunday. 

The highway will be superim- 
posed on an e.xisting satellite- 
based computer network run by 
the National Informatics Net- 
work connectii^ IS towns, the 
news agency said. 

“It will be India's Hrsi infor- 
mation highway with multime- 
dia capabUilies in which audio, 
video and graphics can be 
iransferred,** NICNET Direc- 
tor-General N. Seshagiri was 
quoted as saying, 

Mr. Seshagiri said corpora- 
tions. research centers, educa- 
tional institutions and exporters 
could use the highway services, 
which would include data and 
large-file transfers, electronic 
data interchanges and video- 
conference capabilities. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


FUNDS: ConfUets and Risks Taint Amateurs’ Haven [ ti,* week Ahead: World Economic Calendar. Aug. 8- 1 2 



Continued from 7 
money in a Vietnam gold con- 
cern formed by his company 
and Robert M. Fiiedland, a 
promoter ^filiated with other 
companies whose stocks Mr. 
Stephens' fund has bought. 

The issue of potent^ con- 
flicts of interest has dominated 
the mutuai fund world recently. 
Regulators and fund executives 
have focused on vdtAher per- 
sonal investments by fund man - 
agers have conflict^ mth their 
duties to their shareholders. 

The Securities and Exchange 
Commission will soon release 
the results of a review of the 
personal investments of manag- 
ers at a sampling of funds. The 
review was undertaken after re- 
ports last year of fund manag- 
ers investing privately in d^^ 
promoted by a broker from 
whom they had bought stocks 
for ibeir funds. 

But many situations surest 
that the potential for coniucis 
extends b^nd what fund man- 
agers do with their own money 
and into questions of how they 
spend sbareholdeis’ money. 


Conflicts of interest seem to 
be rare in the mutual fund in- 
dustry. But the Investment 
Company Institute, the mutual 
fund ti^e group in Washing- 
ton, has been Quick to recognize 
the threat to the indus^'s rep- 
utation posed by conflicts. 

The institute has urged fund 
compam'es to adopt stiff restric- 
tions on person^ trading by 
fund managers. And Its leaders 
are blunt about the standards 
th^ expect fund companies to 

matnfflin 

“A mutual fund manager 
stands in a fiduciary relation- 
ship to the investors, and has to 
make all dedsioas solely in 
their best inierest.*' said Paul 
Stevens, the general counsel of 
the institute. “If an investment 
is influeDced by anything extra- 
neous to that, it could e^qpose 
the fund manager to substantial 
liabilities. 

“The law is very clear, and if 
sometme is doing that son of 
thing, the/fe in a position where 
the SEC could come down on 
them like a ton of bricks." 


Arthur Levitt Jr^ the chair- 
man of the Securities and Ex- 
change Commission, was equal- 
ly direct “There are obviously 
opportunities for an abuse d 
power,” he said, “f regard this as 
bdng of the utmost gravity, 
Anyuiing winch creates a dimi. 
nutioD cf public OMiTidence in 
the safe^ and soundness the 
maricetoface must be eliminated 


A aetudute ofifttt eeoftom te jfitf 
tfnandet evants, eat pUea torlhalnleme- 
Mrltf NMitf TMMM ev OeornMn? eush 
neasNews, 

•Aug.S PeaemBankotAu^ 

naa retessn money supply era lor 
June. 


maiicetpface must be eliminated 

“I'm cot gi^ to get side- 
tracked inietpretadons 
of what constitutes a conflict If 
it appears bad, and smells bad, 
and looks bad, they better at- 
tack it and eliminate it And 
th<^ don’t wc win** 

The risk that fund managers 
would get too co^ with those 
whose stocks they buy has been 
part of the American fund in- 
dustry since its inception in the 
early 1920s. 

After the market crashed in 
1929, investieaiors found that 
many publidy traded invest- 
ment trusts, an early foitn of 
mutual funds, had invested un- 
wisely in oompanies whose un- 
derwriters, owners or directors 
also were involved in managing 
the trusts. 



MAILED FROM AMERICA 


SHANGHAIl Waterfront Hopes 


HongRong Eaainaie 8 (WBio»i>oine» 
Sc product (or Ihc Drat quarar of IflM. 

• Aug. B Hong Kong Gewammont to 
refoase wefune and pitea movomonto of 
octvnal VBdo in ymf IBM- 

Tolqio Economic Planning Agonqr i»- 
MBM RiBtMnBiy ertart ter JuM. 
ffliig^oio NoBcnol Day heUd^. Banka, 
buatnaaa and Rnanelal markota ara 
eleaea. 

• Aug. 10 Tahye Tokyo now condo- 
ntMtcn Hlaa laiaaaad by tho Raal Batan 
Ec o nomy Raaawch inaMtiite. 


Tbiqta S aeonfl qti an ar Mid price aur- 
vey released ty the National Land Agei^ 
W- 

Tokyo BankQtJfpmGotfemerYeDtMu 
MMio hoUs preos conterance. 
aAu 9 . 1 t Cmibano &nployimht data 
for July. r araea M Jabliaa rata to Ml to 
B4 peioant; ampioynMnt to grmr by 

15.00a • • ■ 

EntoBBaRpacM SaSre PacMc: 

• Aug. 12 HongXang O owminentre- 
iaasas hai f yf burinaai proa pa ct s sur- 
vey fsr June 1994. . 

TUqio MonOdyeconondcraportlorJiSy . 
retseseo by the BeenonSe Ptanning Agen- 
cy. 

Tokyo MInMfy ot Finance tsisuw July 
Bede biSanoi iigurae. 

Tokyo Bonk of Japan enneunoaa July . 
whdesali prica index. 


EUPOpG • 

oAug.8 London June consumer ared-- 
H. Feneaab million. 

London July producer price Inp u t R3i»- 
caac up OB pnom. 
iMieMi -July pr o dtiper price output 
Pbracash Up 0 l 2 pOKonl m nonttk, up 20 
pareent in year. 

PmN BankefPrancasecwltlaarepur- 
chase lender. Oupook: 54:2 bSRon Hendi 
iranee of a a cu riif ea rep uicliaa o nj ie» 
mams oqilring. 

Rmb TieaeurytioeMyenauciionoMS* 

ml2B«MkbBN. 


Muaaala January Muafrtal production. 
Rwfduit Juno final M-8 motwy supply. 
fiaakluH July Inal coat of Dvir^.- 
Dmilihei Juno rolaflaafea for Gamany. 
Faecaal: t j) parcant on year. 


AoHlofriM Jutaproduear price Met. 
• Aug.9 Loaden May BBlanee M vi^ 
Me gkibal trade. PerecesC £1 .0 bMon oef- 
iciL . ' 

Faria Piiai-quartar Industrial produe- 
Hnti ’ 

e Aug. 10 Oato July censunwr,prtee 
bidak, 

a Au^ tl Paris Ravised SraHwartar 
gioas denasde product Peracast up OS 

percant- 

ftrfa Bmie of Ranca securities re^ 
«hiM Mtdar. OiiBook: sai biHwi trance 
ol securMas repurchaae agreemento ex- 
piring,;.. 

ranikiiB eepected KLM Royal UuMi 
AMtaas; PhHipe Poetronlca tN. VEBA 
AG. 

perfa July prellminaty con- 

Ufiier price Matt, r ofeeae t up at pet^ 
^ In moritlL up 1 .8 percent ill yaar. 


Amyl oa s 

• Aug, a San Jeaa, CMtomta The 
Bamioonduclw Incluetiy AaiOO lDtto r i r«- 
.laaaaattB July boek-to-bHl ratio. 
“faiTibijtiia Heuae end Genaie m eaa- 
rionMumak. 

BnhB* eiveelari Geico Corp^ Mqr 
Deperi m atB Blowa Qo. 

• Aug.-9 . Wa aWaglBn Commerce D» 
parlment tepotia June at h o l e ari e bade. 

Dspanment repoim 
prcifflinmy produettvity end costa for the 

second qiwW: 

Modca Consumer prtee aidoK tor 

July OuMoolc Up betwean 04 pereanf 
andaSpaioanL 

OBoaa Jma nw mmui Mhicle aaloa. 
biMaa M^asiknanaeffaberincema. 
00am ' Monthly heuaing atarts report 


timm Ybric Johnson Radboofc lefOarrt 
Its weawy ^ ‘ 

Isoidairominc-RogaraCo^nieattone 
ha. wandjrs mtarnsetaral ms. 

• Auo- « •■•‘•’ciLSJfiiS! ' 

Chairman Alonaee^ 

on monefaiy aggregates beibre Houae - 
subcommiiiee. . 

ntaw jrmonawhouMigPnCBm^ 
iSSm June Mm product pncaindefc ‘ 

Wa ri A BB t e n 

rtf— fc« i produedoa Impone ^ reSnery 

M^'espacM W^dlDW 
Riant Sfores ma, Procter S OemWa Ca, 
VyMtartSMfMlna 

a Aug. 11 W iaWng l e n July praAieef . 
prieemdex. 

WRAtagtan Ju^ MaB solas. 

TIlfBiWiWllut JMy irwnihly money aif^ . 

ply. ’ 

Weihlagtnn Labor Ospartmera reports 
htM weakly Malo unameloyment com- 
prtiaatiea kisuranee cMns . 

WAaMrMtan *Raasuiy Deimrtmem re- 
ports weakly money supply. 

Earaiaga expee t ed 300 Company. 
CemcaM Corp, Gap Inc.. Royal DutetH 
/ShM Group, vieeem ha 

• Aug. 12 W a Mriagfo n jidyeonoomar ^ 

price UidBR. • ‘ 

GomrirtioeDapBrtnientre- 

: 

AMMorTw^v" The Unheralty At . 

lAGniaen relaoaes fta |«anminartr eetv , 

sumar aanthient index for August 


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ContiBned from Page? 
also be home to the Bank of 
China. 

Pudong rents will be no bar- 
gain, but tax breaks abound, 
complicating an office location 
decision miule more difficult by 
worsening traffic across the 
jumbled city of 13 million. 

*'It*s rather difflcuh to say 
where the center for Shangtm 
business will be,” said Guo Yi- 
a senior official with mu- 
nicipal government planning 
commission- “We hope the 
banks and flnandal groups go 
to the Bund, but for everyone 
else, transportation and price 
will be important factors in 
their dedsion.” 

But for Ban^ok R.^inlc now 
renovating a fauflding on the 
Bund, ai^ the Dutch bank 
ABN-AMRO, which recently 
moved into the elegantly refur- 
bished banJung chamber it once 
occupied in the Peace Hotel 
also on Bund, the choice was 
simple. 

“History has turned full cir- 
cle,” Mic^l Drabbe, head of 
ABN-AMRO's International 
division, said at the June re- 
opening. “After 40 years of 
tempof^y leaving Cliina, we 
are bade as the first Dutch 
bank, in exactly the same build- 
ing in the most beautiful pan of 
Shanghai” 

For the Hongkong & Shang- 
hai Bank Corp.. whose massive 
old headquaners now houses 


senior dty officials aiu! epito- 
mizes the Bund's hoped-for 
transformation, the deepen is 
less straigbtforwareL 

“We are interested, but our 
interest is largdy nostaigte,” a 
bank spokesman ^d. “A flee 
building built in the 1920s is not 
really suitable for banidng at 
the 20th century's end ancT be- 
yond. We can't say much more 
until the tendering process is 
complete.” 

Tfiat exercise has prc^>erty 
assessors abuzz. Sun^ors will 
be attempting to determine the 
cost of the old buildings’ reno- 
vation and mmntenance, their 
usable modem offlee space and 
their value over a 50-year lease. 

“We will have to take inu) 
account what they need to briiig 
them up to A ^de standards 
and to detenxnne the goodwill 
for their landmark status,” said 
James Hawkey, of property sur- 
v^rs and consultants Brooke 
Hillier Parker, a frontrunner in 
the race to pul a price tag on 
history. 

“It‘s a difficult and unique 
prqea to handle, so the/re 
taking it cautiously,” Kfr. Haw- 
key said of the Shanghai au- 
thorities’ stance on the embol- 
ic sale. “Nobody has handled a 
project quite Ulce this before.” 

Prime offloe space in Shang- 
hai currently rents for up to S3 a 
square meter per day. with less- 
er properties going for about 
S2. 


NATIONAL 


Consolldatad Iradirtp for week 
ended Friday, Aug. S. 

(CooChmed) 


EW VU (DtoNlBh Lw 


InWwTt 
M»wlA 
Int e wt B 


Lost Week’s Maifcefs 


AM rieuns «v M •Tctaf 07 froMn FTMbr 

Stock Indoxec 

UiBidSiee AW9. 5 Julv 79 Oft* 

OJ lnAu&. X747JR L74Z33 —040% 

OJUNI. lOAS ISL57 4-182% 

OJ Trans. iai023 1ALM -fOJt% 

S&Pin 4Z117 42S.11 — 04«% 

S&P90 457JR 4S826 —036% 

SAPind sxLte mo — oa% 

NYSECb 2SU0 2SZ48 —005% 

BtllQlB 
FTSE 100 
FT 30 


International 

Classified 

Marketplace 

s Monday 

international Conferences and Seminars 
S Tuesday 
Ecftjcaffon 0rectory 
S Wednesday 
Business Message Center 

• TTiursday 

Intemadonal Recrwtment 

• Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace, Holidays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 



Julv 79 CtlW 
V9Z33 —040% 
ISL57 4-182% 
1ALM 4-071% 
42S.11 — 04«% 
4S826 —036% 

mn — oa% 
2SZ42 —005% 

MBLaO 4-279% 
23*220 4-22*% 


NItkelZB 20S21. 3044*. 4-036% 

C u vn wi 

OAX 21SL74 214044 4-1.78% 

Hw m ul 

Hong Sene 000Z21 *.msi 4-134% 

MSCIP 43270 42130 4-IS2S 

nurw index Frum Atarsvi semn’ caMief inn 


Money Rates 



United StaTBi 

AU0.S 

J«riv2* 

Olscnunt rule 

3% 

3% 

Prime rate 

7V. 

7% 

Federal funds rate 
J^eon 

43716 

45/16 

OlscQuni 

1% 

1% 

Coll money 

2A3 

S20 

Vmontti intcraonk, 
G^nooey 

237% 

231% 

Lombard 

620 

600 

Call money 

520 

$20 

^montti mferbonb 
BrWoti 

$20 

520 

Bonk base rate 

Pi 

5W 

Call money 

$20 

4% 

3-montti Iniertnnk 

511/16 

6 

OeW AU9.S 

July 3* 

fjret 

LONfein pm N«J 37&SD 

36420 

—123% 


SMS 

0)v VM let HWi Uwr Qm Qi0» 

_ Ttsa 2 1 % 1 % 4% 

_ OT410W «% *M— I 

_ MM 7% CIS 7« 

M uasTois 14% irto - 

_ IMS m •% 

30 23 236 13% 13% 13% ^ 

_ ma 7% 4% M — jS 
.IB 21 SOS * IVa B% — W 
_ 37 m *% t% ->l« 

30 13 3M11% 34% 30% -Ak 
34 IS ISM 13% 13 12 — % 


... . 4% tlj* 

_ 3135 3% S% 3% — ^ 
.. m 7% 0% 7 — % 

_ P32 *%«%•% — % 
.IlfliA 57% 99% *^2 
_14Se23% 3DM 23% — % 
_ 0474 3 2% 3 _ 

- SM 4% 4% 4% 

_ SI714 12 U 4l% 

_ W9S 7% 4% 4% —1% 
.10 S3 332 S% «% S% ~ 

. *!M M 2% Ss 

_ 3322»% 21% 21% 4% 
_ im217% 14% 14% 4% 
. 016% 10% 16% .. 
_ 123322% n% 22% t% 
M »% 0% »% — % 

_ 3m 1% 1% 1% — % 

- 210 B% B B 

A2 r iOU 3 2% 2% 4% 

.»e _ *311 10% 10% — M 

.. 4I*S 4% 4% m 4% 
... 1010 4% 5% 6% 4% 
_ 30 6 5% S% 

_ 64611 0% 9%_t% 

liB 7 S% .6 — % 

. 1*0 6% 5% 6% 4% 

... 06 1%, 1% 1% _ 

- smiM 11% 12%-rl% 
J9 13 30* 13% 13% 13% — % 

... 313 2% 2 3% 4«k 

..13656 9% J% 4 -r% 

_ «*B737 MM 3S —1 
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.. BotflM •% *% 

JD 2J IIMBM l*% a% 42% 


_ M »% 0% 

Z ^ iA % 
_ m 1% 1% 


- 210 0% 
A2 J :aa 3 
.lOe _ 9311 

.. 4I9S 4% 
... 1010 4% 
_ 30 6 


z^V 


0 

S% 4% 
6% 4% 

s% 


Srtdd 

CXv YM 1001 Mob Lmv Obe One 

■* ” ’Ao 

Z 4©!^ S 1?* 

^ 4% M 4^ 

.. 36012 11% 11% 4% 

_ miiviioniin 4% 

AS 22 iai 13 11% 13% 4% 

^2»M130%12S t2M+1% 
... 49421% n 21% 4% 
.. 211 15<A 15% 15% 4% 

»f T'" s% -i% 

1 JU 12J 46* 15 1M — % 

_ 3463 0 SVk 5% — % 
M 12 3*136% 34% m 4% 
A2r J 027 13% 13% 12% — % 

90033% 21 SK 4% 
_ 3M 4% 6% 4% 4% 

.. 2S4 5% m 4% — % 

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_ 711%imit% — 

_ in4 0% 0 0% 4% 

" zS8^»V’‘«‘*4§ 

-112KS%» sm — % 
_ 10*5 eg 4% 6% — % 
*1M IM lA 10 — 6h 

.. 411 *% » * — % 
Jit 07 0133 0% 0% 7% — % 
-.6032035% 33% 34% 41% 
- 106 S% 4% ^ — % 

-.e U 7e23%32%33% 4% 
je 2.* 42B%1f%30%' - 

251014% 11% 14 42% 

_ 4*017% U% 17 — % 



«4 23% 21% 32% . 4* 


JU SJ xSr 10% 17 17% — % 

J6 1J 444 23% 21% 32% . 4% 
J0U32 362 ^ * * — % 


_ 2104 5% 4% 4I%> — % 
.. 4«17% 14 14% — % 

-. 45614% 14 14% 4% 

. 21 10% 17% 10% -r% 

12*4 Jl1£niM3D6%2a7%— 3 
-. 107117% 14% 17% 4% 
. 3622 7% 5% 6% . 



IMISlI 1A4e 

as&^. IA4 

MMTrt 

MeMlnv ...... 

Moan 20 . 
MoOnt- Ja 
Madiw c 
MWoMik* 

-A. 

MMcmA jm 

MCAWM 

MonwH^ 

MIBIDCD^ 

iMneoeF . 

Monac.Wi 

MonAwl 

MenCMM 

MoSwl 

OS 

IWIWM J7t 

M « 0 UC 

MOMPU 

McneiM _ 

sssf&r § 

aser a. 


MX YM IBOiHMl tow Or ttoi l 

. 4« 5% M 5% ,A%7 

_ 2570 5% 4% 5% 4-%* 

Z » m 0% 7% 4% 

-. 403 1 % •%! 

. 950 4% 1% ^ 

SI23 M 9b Mi 
^ 53727% M% ^ 44% 

_ *64 5% 5% Mh -L. 

. -.19344554% 51% 52% 41;. 

_ 1236 7% 7 7 — % 

-. 3600T3M 12% 12% — 
-.11005 2*% 23% 37% 43% 
•_ «*S13% 11% 11% — % 

_ 1323 35% 25% 35% 

J2 4J 511 15% 15% im 4%. 
1JI 02 n3*%30%»% 

_3635144%.3*% 41% -1 

J4 32 1115 W% IS 

21 2J ntlH 11% 11% c 

IAS 04 ini6%1S%l4' — % 

_ 130113 It 11% — %- 
_ 17*22 31% 22 

St 1A 0533 29% 20% n% — % 
JO 1J 03335% 33% 33%-~2% 

-. 91DT2 t% IO%— T%'. 
-. 2334 3% 3% 3% 4% 

.. . IS 3% 3 3 . — % 

-.3014013% 11 11% 

J2 12 202»2*%S1^ 4% - 

._e%3S%33%35 41%. 

_ *1 3% 2%'.2*k 4% 

.- 24611% 10% 10% 4% 

22 21 046% 0%4>1%— 

A4 3J 1 24>A M% 241T— %, 
-.32374 6% M 4% 4. 

22 2j ’^S’‘l2*X Ji^:a- 

20 12 36016% IS m 4% 

— 17141*- 17% 10% 4%. 

4.1% 




MOM « % rw V« >,6 Tvv4 TW- 


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FuUerMoney - fhe Global Strategy Newsletter 

.u-u.h,:.:', ,V : I--. I I'T'V.r.- . 1. , 

I'., y., 'tic.. Lr. D-"'-. r_i .'.T t ->,c. nrl 002- ir,-. r • • 

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f 1*^- iJi. i* Iff . ^ 


iKnritWATTnNAT. HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


Pkge 13 




By Harvey Araion 

Ne» York ,77ns Stnlce 

; TORONTO — When he 
emerged from the locker room 
after over^vbehnii^ South Ko^ 

]|ea in the nmnebf Croatia, T<mi 
Kukoc proceeded to talk about 
hecommg' the td^est-paid 
player in the hiatory the Qn- 

Bulls. 

T He admowledged i|uil. .he is 
about to aga for six -years, 
portedly for S26 nalliOT, ^Aidi • 

13 more nmney than MBdiaid 
JcHdan ever earned from the 
fciiio , and more man. Scottie . 
iHppm now receives. • . 

1 There is an inmy to this that: 
^kes Kukoc shake Ito he^; 
TWo yeass ago- this month hx 
Barcdona, he found .. hmisdf 
squeezed by Jordim and Fippen 
as those two ociginat: Dhream' 
Teamers dedai^.yarj«i the 
player the Bdls* g»eiral managr 
e^ Jetiy Krauscv.seaned to be 
p m^iing tftmegnds<tf theemth,.: 

tt' •*! ast y^Tj I cpine to Qnctk 
go to frfsw with Midiaei and 
SCottie, wnh-all the guys, to be 
with the team, to learn,** Ki^ 
s!^ Friday tdter his 12 pomts 
and 10 asasts parked Croatia's 
104*53 btowoDi of the outr, 
piannad South Koceans (m.the 
second day of the WoiMC3iaiP- 

pionships. "1 comeqodeL**- 

' Iheo Jordan retired. Now 
Horace Granthu left, agnmg a 
freo-agent contract with Orlan- 
do that is being mtested by tiie 
league. theie is an WBcta* 

tioQ that will beenled, a 
yjirf thatwiPhehtightenedby 
the signmg of the &yeaF<^ 
Kukoc,. once hailed as the Euro- 
pean Ma^c Jofanson. ' 

* Ihoiish Kukoc oontinued his 
seasonloagmastencetbattfaere- 
weio no pioblems between him 
and Pip^ no coe bdieves 
Fippen wffl accept maldng less 
«inui Kukoc, <a that he wQL 
want to shift to shoot^ guard 

an unnatural positicHo, espe- 
ftftlly oa defense — when- Kjb- . 
kpc crada coach .Fbfl Jadcsem's. 
starting lineoD. - 

, Put it this way: The Bulls 
aren't gicni% to pay Kukoc $4 
iafflino -phK as a icsoive, not 
Xc they making sndi a Irag- 
tam cOTimittomt to imakel^ 


koc Go^ wth Pipe’s jnood 
swings and-power.pl^- 

•.AsgppdasPSppenis— and 

he is a^pably the best noth | 

centam the game -^th^grow- 

ing aenliniBnt is that Krauw 
win I^mld .tim' Bulls ar^ 
Kukoc and wbaievor-padc^e 
of jdayera . and draft p«is he 
can for Kpp^ - 
' That' would malm the .n^ 
with the sleepy ores ^ ^ 

■ diaik tattoo on iHSi^bicqj the . 

BuDs* ranking ftoidtlme vete^ 
next season. ‘fTte' station 

• rhang ea yeiy (piid^,”~KnkOC 
•said. "Ri^t now, f_ciight be 
joncof thegoys.*'' 

He meanl''‘ga^?' as m.stars, 
s ea s o n • ticket-holders 
about to fin the new.-Uni^ 
Center to capadly,'m^ 
'even-more *tian that£pamaS2o 
., mOUmt ,man. 

“One day, I may be ready for 

that,” he said, -aADe^ 
t»im of a. csq^. that had the in* 
scimtion: No Fear. “Sooner or 
l atiy, m be himpy m take that 
responalnliQr. . 

For now, Kidcoc hopes th^ 
Krause has a pimthat dpesn't 
.involve the trind .of loniig that' 
would allow the. Bulls to rdmild 
through the draft. 


T don’4 know if hfichad's 
coming he said. “If you 
know,tdlm&r 



It’s Europe’s Championships, 
But the World Still Intrudes 




gave Pnrtugal its foarih straight Emopean women’s maraflion tide. 


By Ian Thomsen 

/jaenuttonef Herald Trikme 

HELSINKI — For the next 
wedc, at leasu they don’t have 
to wary about Chinese or Afn- 
can distance runners or Amoi- 
ean sprinters. The European 
Championships began Sunday 
udtb a Spaniard winning the 
10,000 meters is a time 74 sec- 
i^wida slower than the worid re- 
cord of William Sigd, a Kenyan. 

When the world champion- 
ships made their d^t in the 
Olympic Stadium here 1 1 years 
agft fcirryft won 30 of the 41 
events. Last year in Stuttgart, 
only 16 of the 44 gold medals 
remained cm the Continent. 

As the absence of world-re- 
cord holder Sergei Bubka seems 
to be saying, these exdusivdy 
European titles aren't as valu- 
able as they used to be. 

Stiii, the modem and compli- 
cated world has found ot^ 
ways of seqiing in. Begiiming 
with the withdrawal last week 
of Romaiua's Ella Kova^ tte 
800-meter bronze medalist in 
the 1991 and 1993 world cham- 
pionships, three athletes have 
been bounced for using types of 
ephedrine, the drug that fin- 
ished off Diego Maradona in 
the soccer Worid Cup. 

Norway announced Saturday 
that 100-mcter sprinter Aham 
Ok^e had tested positive for 


idoffihedrine on July 12 in 
torn 

On Sunday, Britain withdrew 
Solomon Wariso, a 200-meier 
sprinter and member dT the re- 
lay even tiuNigh his sec- 
ondary “B" sample had not 
Tym confirmed positive. 

The stimulant qdiedrine is 
worth only a three-month sus- 

penaonby thelAAF, the inter- 
national fedcratioo, and team 
leaders said the two athletes ap- 
parently weren't aware they 
were banned substances. 

forecast to vrin the 
bronze medal in the 100 mete^ 
had received his aBeiw n^- 
cinc from a doctor in me unit- 
ed States and had lettered it 
with his federation. 


Waiiso admitted takmg a 
herbal product from the Umted 
States caDcd “Up Your Gas. 
Said Wariso, a fredance jour- 
nalist with a degree m b^ 
chemistiy: “A fnend m the 

British team gave the pDls w me 

^nH i took two of them, but 1 
that none of the ingre- 
dients were on the banned 
drugs lisL Unfortunately I 
irmrfe a mistake. One of the m- 
gredients, Ma Huang, is also 
known as Chinese Ephedra and 
I did not Imow thaL" 

Linford Christie, the Bri^ 
r ^^ ptain , waS Up until 1 


U S Routs China by 55, Croatia and Riisaa Gain Raskdball Quarterfinab 

_ t_! .1 miartM-Finfll mund-robUl D< 


~ . ByMai^Heidec 

ijtm iiiyfa Tima Ser^ 

HAMILTON, Ontario— Now pm^ • 

smog a iridie as the second-best tm 
<CTtimc, Stm of Dream Tbm 
away its blues and laid a good ol(^ 
faduoned whg^ op . 

. Tlie Amencans irilaciw . haro *“** 
tinuv ttey conceded. Don Ndsoo 
nlaYedliis bcntii-warmers, Dommiqae 
Wains and Steve Smith, in 
hidf and cveiyooc otripyed ^ J32-77 
rout in half^mpty Ct^ Coihseiim, 

'“^ewSret^^to winby 60 or 7^^ 
said Wakiiis. “We discussed it m me 
iDiicr room befme the We 

wanted to bu^ this team. We were 
laemctmg a.v^ by 50. 


What were thCT predicting 
the gf»Tne against Spain? “A wm by 40 
or 50^said Wilkins, langhing.’’ 

The Chinese Tni»«ag«t a 2-0 lead on 
.Wo 23icog’8 15-footer but that was as 
g(x>d as it got fw them. 

“Before the competition, we have 
already known who the winner ^ 
be,"” said Xingqmi Jiang, the coach of 
the Orincse team, “but we are npt so 
hwppy because we did not anticipate 
losing the game by so mai^ pointy 
In another of ' his fits (rf hypcrtele 
hea^ Ndson said the Chinese have 
“the best passing team in the louraa- 
uicnr and devised a game plan to 

. counter IL „ . i. 

Unlike the E>ream Team s jxiach. 
Quick Daly, who changed his lineups 


nightly, Nison again trotted out his 
1 starters — Shaqi^ OT4eaL 

Shawn Kemp and three guards — p<^ 

ably on the theory they were staying m 
unm tb^ got it right 

Once more. Nelson ^iplied Uie pres- 
sure. This lime it looked like pressure. 

The Chinese turned the ball over 21 
times in the first half, including eight 
times in thar first 18 poss^ns. 

The U.R outscored the Chinese, 41- 
18, in the last 9:20 of the half of the 
Friday, fimshing with a 12-0 run 
in the last 57 seconds. 

Ntdson, who had hdd Wilkins and 
Smith out untfl the closing minute of 
the (^jening game and suggested he 
was going to continue playing it 
viray, put both in eariy and gave them 


as many minutes as his other reserve 

With the lead in the high SOs, u.S. 
players on the bench cheered their 
ti-ammates * stots OS if they had incen- 
tive bonuses riding on the outcome. 

“Winning by 55 has got to say some- 
thing," said Wilkins. “We gpt ihe mon- 
k*v off our back now. We’re ready to 
do some damage." 

• Croatia and Russia won the two 
pools that finished opening-round 
play Saturday. 

In Pool B. Croatia (3-0). oa 75 
points each from Dino Radja aod .w- 
jan Komazec. beat Australia, 83-69. 
Croatia, considered almost ^ 
lo^ for the alvcr medal as the Umlra 
States is for the gold, moved to me 


quaxterfinal round-robin pool oppo- 
ate the Unit^ States. 

Cuba lodt third in the pool with a 
92-79 victory over South Korea. 

lo Pool C Russia (3-0) handed the 
host country its first loss of the tourna- 
menu 73-66, outscoring Canada by 10- 
2 in the final 1:35. Sergei Babkov led 
Russia with 18 points. 

Argentina beat Angola, 67-59, for 
third place. 

On Sunday, Spain and China m« 
with the winner finishing second in me 
U S. pool and in Pool D Puerto Rico 
played Greece and Germany faerf 
E^i. Greece was the only 2-0 team tn 
f b^ti group, virtule Puerto Rico and 
Germany were both 1-1 and Gen^y 
had won Ihedr head-to-head meeting. 


A.M. Sunday dealing wth to 
incident, haunted 1^ memones 
of his testing posiiive for the 
Mfnp during to 1988 
Olymi^. (He ^ exonerated 
after explaining that he had 
been drinking ginseng tea.) M- 
icr a few hours’ sle^« then, the 
34-year-(^d Christie ran for the 
fust time in three weeks, ad- 
vancing through the 100-meter 
heats m 10.39 and 10.08 scc- 
emds. He showed no signs of the 
hamstring troubles that have 
limited him this summer, and 
will expect to win his third Eu- 
ropean tide Monday night. At 
the samft rinig, Iriiu Pnvalova 
of Russia will be attempting the 
first half of the 100-, 200-meta 
double. She also advanced easi- 
ly, in 11 J8 and 1120 seconds. 

The first gold medal went to 
Muuela Machado as Portugal 
wem its fourth strai^t Europe- 
an women's marathon, the pre- 
ceding three bdon^ng to Rosa 
Mota. Halfway through, Ma- 
b^an to distance bersdf 
from the others, her jaw 
clenched. More than a half- 
minute bade on the hilly, tree- 
ghadn wed course, Maria Cura- 
tolo of Italy bad the rdieved 
lo^ ctf a noontime jogger. 

In last year’s worid champi- 
onriiips, Madiado was overtak- 
en in to final kilometers by 
Japan's Junko Asari; this time 
she entered to stadium alone, 
finishing in 2 hours. 29 minutes, 
54 second and her face relaxed 
into a smQe. She waved and 
blew kisses, knelt to kiss the 
ground, then, laughing, 
over to embrace Curatolo, 
finished second, 39 seconds 
ba<*, and now was sobbing. 

The women's shotput and 
men's 10.000 meters ended m 
as Ukraine's Viktona 
Pavlysh (19.61 meters) beat de- 
fending champion Astrid Kum- 
berauS of Germany (19.49), 
and 3l-year-old Abel Anton a 
Spain won his first major title 
Iwlricking past Vincent Rous- 
seau oS Belgium in a time of 
28:06.03. 

Olympic 80B-mcicr chamm- 
on Eflen Van Langeo of me 
Netherlands withdrew because 
a hamstring strained Tues- 
day. 


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nVTERlVATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8» 1994 _ > 


M O 


DAY 


SPORTS 



Gan leg Conclude 
With Odd Winners 


The AssiXhited Pnss 

ST. PETERSBURG — The 
U.S. women's basketball team 
beat France, 87-63, on Sunday 
to win its Hrst major champion- 
in four years as the Good- 
will Games came to a close. 

China defeated Russia, 96- 
76. for the bronze medal. 

Lisa Leslie scored a team- 
high 18 points for the Ameri- 
cans, while Catherine Melain 
led France with 16. 

The United States led from 
the start and had a 39-19 advan- 
tage at the half. The closest the 
French came in the second half 
was a 17-poim maigin. 

The U.S. team's first gold 
medal since the 1990 world 
championships help^ make up 
for a disappointing third place 
Finish at the world champion- 
ships in June in Australia. 

At the wrapup press confer- 


m t nTfflTiFTi^H t LVi K 1 1 K4 »! ») tiTm t 


Turner got a vase from one 
Russian journalist for having 
the “best smile of the games," a 
notable achievement consider- 
ing Turner lost millions of dd- 
lars staging them. 

And at the figure skating ex- 
hibition, awards were handed 


may explain why French heart- 
throb P^ppe CandeloFO ap- 
peared to get the short shrift of 
things. The pony-ta3ed bronze 
medalist was named “most 
popular skater,** but. best as 
anyone could tell, all he gpt was 
a handshake. 


-wSirf. 
* 

aSv wJm .1 ... h 





' 


out for all sorts of novel 
achievements. 

Russian pairs skater Evgenia 
Shishkova was named “most 
beautiful skater.** Her prize: a 
new car with the Goodwill 
Gam^’ Ic^ painted on the 
hood. The car, a locally manu- 
factured model, was driven 
onto the rink, where a slightly 
sheqrish Shishkova bopp^ in 
and was driven off waving to 
the crowd. 

French skater Marie Pierre 
Leray hustled onto the ice in her 
tennis shoes to receive a bou- 
quet of flowers for being named 
the “most elegant skater." 

Russian pairs gold medalist 
Natalia Mishkuteonok was cho- 
sen “best partner." No one, in- 
cluding her partner, Artur EM- 
triev, was on hand to explain 
the criteria for winning the 
award. She also got flowers. 

The prizes were donated b 








On (^itaUsm’s Frontier^ Adventure 
Comes With a Pint of Irish Optimism 






Miehad Sondott/Tbt Amndalcd Ptsa 

U.S. player Ruthie Bolton-H<^fieldt trying to take die baD from Catherine Mdain of Fkance- 


By Raady Harv^ 

Lea Ai^ela Tima Serrm ■ 

. ST. PETERSBURG — Miafs an Itish- 
inan like you dc^ng in a place li^ this? . 

*That*s vdiat 1 luep asking nq'self;;’* 
Frank P^on said. 

Peyton, 4X sold hfr bar in Coinuy Cork 
this year, said goodly, leinpoiraiily, to hU 
wife and rive chiltta and eame to St 
Petersburg to lose hb fortime. 

Actually, he doesn’t have a fortune; and 
what he. (rid have he.doean’t plan to lose. 
But (jpening Mcilrie’s Tr^tioiial Bar . 
on Rubeo^rina Str^- jiM off Nm^ky.' 
Prospect, was not about inooey. It was 
about adventure. ~ 

An adventure it has been, since opemng ,. 
July 1. With a ctieatdeccmastii^ primari- 
ly of EngUsh-^peaking - eqiatutes and 
wealthy Russians, he serves ' authentic 
Guiniiess, Kilkenny and Harp on'iap and 
is searcldng for an si» tligntwvBfwmHing 
Irish singer to provide entertaiiuirat 

Peyton is one of -maiq^ foreign entrepro- 
nmts who have brought their p<»3nd5, 
marks, francs, yea and dollars to St Pb- 
tosbuig in exdbange. for the oppentum^ 
to explore capitali^s new franBer. 

When .be and other investors from lre- 
land b^an looking into ^ possibOides 
here, they found that St Petersburg sJ>' 


rea(ty had an asswtmeQt of restaurants 
(ioduding Tex-M^) and ni^t dubs, a 
■Basldi^Robbins and even an Irish book- 
. maker's shop. What it did not have was an 
Iridi pub. ror $300,000, it does now. ' 

Fqytm said the m(»c difriedt t^^ 
haa had to deal with, besides bomesi^- 
aas^is tbe;Rusrian bureaucracy. 

' *Tve got to sign four or five difieiem 
pq>eis from.four or five different people 
just to.bi^ ax bottles Of Hemdeeo,*^ he said; 

He also had to buy three filters from 
Fhdand to.{Kmfy the ti^ water, whi^ is 
safe to drink for locals who have builr up 
an rnimnnify but not for .writois.. Other 
parasites, known as the Rbssun Mafia, 
prey bn ford^ business. Imt io'far have 
not bodiered Peyton. 

“If I hadknown ^lat was ahead me; 1 
don't think I would have done it," Peytmi 
said. To' a younger person, it would be 
easier to just cutoff and go for iL But the 
bottom line is fiiat Fm just too M for h.” 

He plans to give MoUie*s a year, get it up 
and running at a profit and then him n 
over to a manager triiile he goes home to 
Cooney Coric. But there is one more enter- 
pri^be wants to start before leaving. 

.“A 'Kentucky Fried Chicken", restan- 
ranC* he said. “1 love Kentucky Fried 
Chideea.” 


SCOREBOARD 


Major League Standings 

(TtMvwti Saturday^ 9am«t) 
AMERICAN LEAGUE 
EflOOMstan 



w 

L 

PcL 

GB 

Now York 

69 

3t 

ASP 

_ 

Baltimore 

M 

40 

554 

q 

BMten 

S3 

57 

AS3 

17 

Toronto 

S3 

57 

A82 

17 

DMrelt 

» 

M 

ASS 

N 


Oenirel Mvlalan 



aileoea 

44 

45 

587 


ClovMand 

43 

45 

5N 

to 

KonsnOty 

43 

48 

5M 

3 

Mllvnukae 

51 

59 

AM 

I3to 

Mlrmaaeto 

49 

40 

AN 

15 


WestDIvIstox 



Taos 

a 

58 

ATS 

_ 

Oakland 

49 

M 

AN 

2to 

Soattlc 

44 

43 

All 

4to 

Colltornto 

45 

46 

AOS 

7ia 

ttATIAMAI- LEAfilIP 








EdsiDIviatan 




w 

L 

Pet. 

GB 

AMntreal 

70 

39 

542 


Attonta 

45 

44 

596 

s 

Naw York 

S3 

55 

A91 

14to 

PhllodelPhla 

n 

58 

ATS 

loto 

Florida 

49 

41 

A45 

Tito 


cwtrai Otrblen 



anctraiotl 

44 

48 

587 

_ 

Houston 

44 

47 

577 

I 

Pittatwrah 

51 

a 

AN 

13 

St Louie 

SO 

59 

A59 

16 

Chicago 

49 

w 

AN 

IS 


WestDMstan 



LosAnotiea 

55 

54 

505 

— 

Son Frandsco 

52 

a 

A48 

6 

Colorado 

51 

61 

ASS 

5Vl 

SonDleao 

44 

49 

509 

13 


Friday’s Line Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 

seome on «m «»-• a • 

Kanan City BIB 2Bi a»-a ll l 

Cenwarw. Derwin U> ivid O. Wllaon: Cor. 
(ton. MocnoiWe (B) and Moyne. W— Cordcai. 
11-A L— Convanak G5. 
natron IBB BIO BlO-a t ■ 

Toroato BSD bob ibx— 4 • I 

wwl&Go. Horrla 18) ond Tenieton, FMwrty 
11); Guznwb Costilla IB), Hall (9) and Knorr. 
W-Guzmon,)MO.L— WMis.4-7.5v HolHIT). 
Bommere 1BI SM ooB-t | B 

Mllwaokee BN BN BOB— 0 1 I 

McDonald and Hollas: Bones and Nilsson. 
W— McOonaHL L Bonofc 1GB. H R— Bol- 

timere. HMln 09). 

New York mb bn bib— is is t 

Mtanaieta OU IN «H-s • B 

Key. Ausanio IB), Mulhollond (9) and Sten- 
loy; Deshales. Wliiis 14), Cenwbeii IS). 


Trombley iB). Guihrie (71. Agirilere 19) ana 
Parks, w— K0V. 17-3. L— Deshalas. 5-IL 
Oiicaoe BIB in BiB-a 9 i 

ColHomla BN SN Slo— S B T 

Alvarez. DeLeon (7), Cook (8). mcCoskiii 
(B) and Melvin; Ptniev. Sorineer iBi and C 
Turner. W^lnlev, GIB. l Alvqroz. 1G7. 
Sv Sprlnoer (S). HRs CniHemla Baslov s 
(a). Chlcooe. Franca 09). Vwitura OB). 
Texas IN ON HB— 4 9 3 

OMUond BN BN Ml— S II t 

Brown, WhitaaMa (9), Honaveutt 19), How- 
all (9) axl I. RodrlguR; Ontivares. Eekereiev 
19) and StMnbodi. W— edcerslsv.54. L-Whi- 
tasldA 2-L HRS— Toxoi, I. Rodrieuez (15). J. 
Gonzalez (17). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
San DIeoe BN 3N ni— 4 13 s 

Chkon SN BBT OBT— S S B 

Stxidera. Hct l nian 19) and Ausmus: Banka. 
Baattsia(9),ona(9)endWIIMna.w-SenderG 
44. L— BonkSb B-M. 5 V llo H mon OB). 
Hits— Soi DIS9G Roberts (S). Williams IIO). 
Flertda SN on IS^7 13 4 

Hew York an Jtt tbx— li ts i 

WOottieri Mottwws (4), R. LawIs 15). 
SctioM (7). Jehnslene iBl and Santiago; So- 
bertnoaa Gozto iB). Mason IB) ond Hundley, 
w— Saberhogen. IM, L— Weothera, Gil. 
5v Mogen (1|. hr— F lorida. Sheffleld <35i. 
MontrtU IMS no iOI-^5 I I 

PMlodelMiia BM BN BIB-B S 3 

PJ. Marttnaz. Wetlehmd (9) onl Webstar: 
Was). D. Jones 191 and Ueberthcri. W— PJ, 
Martinez, KhS. L— West. 44. 

AHonta 13B 4M 230—14 14 I 

Clnclanall 320 BN IBB— 4 fl I 

Glavlne. Bednnlan (7). Dison ||), Stonlon 
<91 ond O’Brien; Smiltv. j. Ruffln (4), Service 
(7). Foriuono (B) ond Dorseli. W— GNvIrw. 1> 
a. L— Smiley, 11-ID. HR»— Atlanta. R. Kelly 
19). Btainer (B). McGriff (N), Pendleton (7). 
Onclnnoll. Mitchell (39). 

St. Louis ni sn 1B3-11 17 B 

PltMHirah 010 HE IBB- 8 IB 8 

Watson. Potocka IS), Hobyon |B>, ft. Rodrt- 
guez 19) and Pognozzl; Noogle, WBsner (41, 
Roboftson (B). Deway (7}/Dver (BlondSiaiiMrt. 
Parrish (7). tM^Polodob >7. l— N eogla. ««. 
SonFroncHco BN BN QB^B 11 B 
Houftea 114 3» aOi— IS 17 S 

Portupok Hldunon (3). Gomn I4|. Prey (B) 
ond Monworlne; Swindell end Eusebta. 
W 8 w tadellB4,L Portugal 104. HR»-ltai»- 
toiL BoowMi (3BI. Sm Prondsoo. Clovlan i3). 
LosAngeles on «M BN-5 II B 

Colorado in on in— 4 ll i 

ft Martinez. VoMea (7). Td. WorrMl (9) end 
Ptozze: LeskBiK. 5. Reed lai, Btalr (8) and 
Glrardl. W— ft Martinez, 11-7. L— Leskanic I- 
1.Sv—Td. WorrMl (lOl.HR—Coioradc Haves 
( 10 ). 

Saturday's Une Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Ogvoland DM BN ISO-H I 3 

Boston 311 m SGl— B IS 7 


Grlmslev, LIMlqulst (31. Mesa (B). Coalon 
(7). Plunk (7) ml S. Alemor: Sale, CK How- 
ard (a) and Rowiond. w— SMe, B7. L— Grlins- 
lev. 4-2. Sv— CK Howard II). (2nd Gomel 
Oevetand IN BN IIB— 7 8 t 

Bestee ON BM oeB-f 2 I 

De. MoiTIfiaeend Pena: Nobbolz. Farr (7). 
Frahwirth (8). Fosson (9) and BerryhllL 
W— MortlnN.11-B.L Wnbhelz.3-5.HRa-Cle- 
welana Eaerw S (19). Ramirez (17). 
Seoltle IN SN BBB-n 17 B 

Kansas aty SN SN DOB- 2 9 I 

T. Oovb, X Nelson (B). Goasoga (91 and C 
Howard: GuOleaPletiordo (4>,Maonante (BL 
BMinda (9) and Meeiarlane. w Davis. 24. 
L— GuWQci7-9.H ll8 a eo ttle,E.Mortlnaz(13). 
Hew York 2M SN OB^ 4 IB a 

Mlnncsote 114 til SOk— » 11 B 

M. Pera, MurMiy (B). P. Gtason IB) and Stan- 
lev: Mohemas. GuthrN (0>. Wllila (B) and Wol- 
back. w -woho n i ea . 95. L— Perez. 94. 
HRs— NewYorkrONMn (SOl.MInnaseta. Puck- 
ett (II). HrbMi (»). Mock (14). P. Munoz (ll). 
Dotralt on 1B1 MB— 1 4 0 

Torenlo BN 101 HB-3 I I 

Moorb CodorM (8), Boever (B) and 
Kreuter: Hentgen. Cox (9) ana Knorr. 
W-Moore, ll-ia L— Hentgen. 134 Sv— Be- 
ovor (3). HRa-OMrMt, Phillips (la). Fielder 
(SB). TorantG Carter (SB). 

BoiUAMre BN no no— s B B 

MllanukM BM BN tIB-B 5 1 

Rhodes ond Hellas; Nevoim Uevd 16). 
Hanrv (B>. HWuora (9) and VqIKW— R hodes, 
34 L— Navorra, B4, 

Texas BN no tio-^ IB o 

Oakland BN BN ISx-B 7 B 

Poviik, Oliver IB). Henke (Bl and I. Roorl- 
gwa; Darling. Briscoe |||, Lelprr III, Acre 
IB), Ecfcersler (9) and Slelnbocii. vU—Acra, 5- 
1. L— Henke. 34. Sw— Eckersiev (IB). 
HRs— ToMia. J. Gonzalez <1B). Oakland. Bro- 
slus 113). 

Cblcogo «D4 131 MD B-M 17 I 

CaUfornta NI SM S11 B— IB IS 1 

Bere.Homnwker (51. Sanderson iBI.Assen- 
moeher 17), R. Hernandez (I) and Melvin. 
Lovalliere (7); Lorraine, Schwarz (5), Gratte 
(Bl.Pcdterson (II.NiLcIler |V),Mognew 1 10) 
ond Mynrs. W— ft Hernandez. 44, L— M. 
Lelier, 44 HRs— Chlcoga Ttiomas (Ml, 
Frenee (N). Californio. Salmon 2 (31 1. GiewS 
(B). Oovls (SSI. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
soa Diego ON BN Ml— 1 B B 

aucogg IN 101 Ola^ IB I 

HomlNori Florle (6), PA. Martinez IBI and 
Ausmws; P.CosHlloand Wilkins. W—P.CostHla 
M. L— HoRritlMi 54 HR-Oilcage. Wilkins (7). 
5t Loab IN IN B40-B I B 

PHtNorgh OH IN SOa-3 11 a 

atvoros. R. Rodriguez (71. Habyon (01. Ar» 
cho (B) and paenozzl; Z. Smith, Micell (Si. 
RJVkHBanlllo (91 and Slaughl.w— Rodriguez. 
34 L— MIcMLS-l.Sv— Arecha (III. HRs— St. 
Louis. Lankford (IB). Pittsburgh. MercKi (91. 
a Clark (lot. 


Atioata BIB OBI saa-s 7 e orix a 39 i 

Oncinaali BN BN Boi— i B 0 Kintetsu 49 4) 1 

G.Mad^S)enten(9).weMars<9)endJ. Lotte 37 54 0 

Lapaz,0'Brlen(9)iRl|a,aarraKe(9).w— G. Nieean Ham 34 55 3 

Maddux, 154 L— RDok 94 Sv^-WMilers (1). s^nyrderH RosaRs 

HR— Alionie. JiBtlca |I7>, KintMau B, SMbu B 

Son Pronelsra lit an D03-^ 9 s DefalAOrixl 

Houslea ON BM Mn B ll o lotn 7, Nippon Ham 0 

van Landlnghom, Montaloaie (5). BoNan- Sendovb RsaoHa 

field (7). Frey (SI and J4 Reed: HorniSGlbTa ictolelau 4, SMbu 1 
Jonee (7). Hudek (9). D. vem (9), and Ser- Ortx S, OoW 0 
volkW— HornfartiGS.L— VanLondlneham, Htapon Ham 9, Lotte 3 
7-2. Sv— a Veres (1). HRs Son Frandace, 

MaWlllloma 1431, J4 Reed ll).Heualon.Boe- Worid OMkitmlngiw Mew 
wMI (V). M. Thampson (4), — 

Fiorfdo BN BM OH-4 II 2 wasbend Raotli 

Now York BIB BIB 10B— 3 I B le. Holy 

RdPPi Aoulno (Bl. Y. Perez (71. Nan 19) and colomMd & Ftwt Q 
5®tlloga JoeQma,Urtli«i (7), Gunderson ll). Taiwan 5 Domlnlecni ttanuhlle a 
MaMn(9)imdHui)dley.w-Rapp.74L-Ja. NicSmlftAwSlta 
cwnt, 44 Sv— Nan (14). j««in 17, Pon onxi 1 

!!!!"* "?* ,■ !!! ]?! !? ' united smta 9. Sweden o 

PMIodMpbla Oil MB IN N 3 B I i— — . South Korao 1 
Heimr.Scatt(6),Rolosl7),weitgland(9). Pmma 4, NMhvlaiiN 2 
Show 01) end WMatar.-vaianzueta, Bartend Pu^RtauTS^S 
IB), Slooimb IB). O. Jmes (10) and Pratt, mtai is. DomMnrm pmimi.- a 
w-WattMcaid,44L-D.Jonai.2^.Sv-Shaw SS KoraTlS^m 4 

Phliodelpiila Knik (S). A usinilte H France 4 

TheMK^iaelJonlanWalc^ ’ISXu.SST' 

“ i>iierio RiCD Ih United States B 


a 

39 

1 

551 

to 


49 

m 

1 

5N 

to 

lladelJarad Palmar, unHed$talas,57, (57), 

37 

54 

0 

A07 

13to 

445< - 

34 

55 

3 

JM 

I5to 

Sanlftoola 


Worid Oiamplonships 

■taakend Raatla 
Cuba 14, Italy 


f* Nlcoraoud 1% Auslralio 7 
Jmin 17, Pon onxi 1 
a United Statn 9. Sweden B 
I Joixxi 12. South Korea 1 


Becker del StalteiWere, M, 44- Wtoodtarde 
deL KraHGMt, 44 34 44 . • 

OECH OPEN 
• In Prague 
(Igei tai liauii 

'SerglBrtiguera(l),spaindeLKorMNova- 
cik (n,CagcB RwubHc.4442; Aadm 
vedtv (2), Ukraine, def. Oaear m mI Iiw z. 
Spolit>'74 <551,43; Slava DoaedM OLCieMt 
RNoHIfideLAlexCDrratla (S),apain.l44a 
35;AneriaCesta(B),Spaln,deLAnmiai» 
nolsav (4), RuMla, 44 B-1. 

SsnlflMls 

Bn«ueradiLCData,'B-l,43; Andrei Med^ 
dev del. Stovo DosodeL 44 4-L 
PhMl ' ' 

Bruguara deL'Midvedav,'43 44 
TOSHIliA CLASSIC 
III Cwlabaft CMEanlK 


FOOTBALL 


N^PiMMton 


Detroit 21, KY. Jeta 13 - 
IndNnopalb 14 Saaftia 9 ' 

ONaag 14 PWiada bd i ki B 
Naw Ensted 24, New 'Orlaans B ' 
Arbeno 17, son F i uixJftu 7 
Soturdayb Gamu 
Oraan Bay 14, LgaAitoM RonnB 
NUoml 2i PHtaburah .14 
ToBMa Boy 17, OndtunE M 
.develaid 21, KY. eiontg is ' 
Heagtun 3i;san 'D)aEa3 ' 

Donver 27. Athxilv IB ' * 
MtaMwto n, Kflim aty 9 

•CR.gl w d l ii gs 


' Bordaeux 1, Mamgins .1 
La Han L Mei'l ' 

Lana 4-ReanNB 
Sechaax4 Ulla 5 

SIndbourg 4 P^ St Ganriein 0 - 

Nonin 4 CoMi 1. 

ManacB 4 Awarre 0 . 

'CbaMBTrMatzB " 

TtnnrtbMi, Nodes 7 pokita. Berdsoux -7, 
coonde 7. sodMac 4 SI. Ellsnne & Mortlgua 
5.Laiig4LyaiKStrasbeurg4BaBna4Nlc^ 
PoriaSLGanixrin4,Lllla4LeHavre4MalB4 
• Auwrre 4 Rennes 4 MonoeoT, Coan a Men*. 
peuara 


RUGBY 


. 'IMTEEIIATtONAL TESTS 
New Zealand n, SeaitTAfnea 12 
(New Zeoloiid win aeilN H) 
AdstRiUa n (Msatam Samgg 3 . 


Phitadelpiila Kruk (S). 

The Mldiael Jordan Waicii 


FRIDAY’S GAME: Jordon want 54er-4 In 

the BoranS’ 54 loss lultwGrsanwIlle Bravos, -f . -r— n ■ jfi-t. ■ 
Heslivaouilnreetimeuandraadxnltlrstoa 74 J ‘ 

e fleldei-s dioiee. J .* JJUF J 

SATURDAYS (3AAAE: JordVi wenHMor-3 
In Bxi Barons- 43 loss to tha Graenviiie San Sebastian Classic 

Braves. He struck out once. 

SEASON TO DATE: Jewdon Is batting .IN Results to the 233-ktlometer {MTAwilie) 
(72'tor-3n)w«ii3SrunviBdoi4ilcs.anetrlpK WartdCuwcYderoeeonSidunfay:i.Armand 
onehome ruiL4BRBia,39 walks. SBairiheowts delosCuevcw.FrorK:^Shours3iininuiesond 
ml 31 snlen bases In 39 attempts. He has IB4 44 seoonda; 4 Lance Armstrorav United 
outouls. Itvgassisis and 10 errors aeon <xrt- States, ):5B behind: 4 stetdrw Delta Saita. 

Italy. 1:57; 4. Vtadimb- Pouinlicav. Russia. 
2:N: 4 AndiM TOhmlle. Moidava, 2jN) 4» 
JX^KineSe Leagues OlonlueaBartaloml.Hafv,sametline.-7,Pell0 

Rub Cobesiony, Sooln, a.tj 4 Jon Ramon 

OaaraiLcagaa Urlarl>i,Saaln.aJj9jtaaM6do.SPOtn,sJ.;l(L 

w L T Pel. GB Gkinnl Buona. Italy. At. 

Yomkirl 53 30 D JS2 — WbrldCuPStaadlpgs: LAnarMTchmOsklH 

Oxxilchi 46 45 0 5N 7 pekita; 4Jehon Muieeuw, Belgk w w GB-NKS. 

Honddn 47 4B 0 5W 7 N:4GlorgloPurloaltaly.7S;4,LancgArTn- 

Hlnnhlmo 42 47 B A72 ID atrang,7D;&Fd>loBaiaat0kltaly,B7;B,6lannl 

Yokuii 42 47 0 .472 10 Bugna tf ; 7, Antiond de toe Cuevea N; 4 

Yokohama 4) 4B o JB1 11 Evge ni Ber zin, Ruaala,SD; 9. France BdlarInL 

Satardoy^ ReaMta Holy, 50; l4 Bruno CengMalhi Italy, 44 


OaaraiLcam 



IB 

L 

T 

Pet. 

Yomlurl 

53 

M 

C 

582 

axmlctri 

46 

45 

0 

505 

Hondiin 

47 

44 

0 

5W 

Hirailtima 

42 

D 

0 

A72 

Yokirtt 

42 

47 

0 

A72 

Yokaheme 

4) 

48 

0 

A41 


Satardoy^ ReaMta 
axmlOii 4 Yomlurl a 12 Inninea 
HonaMfi 4 rakMt 2 
Hiroshima B. Yokehomo 0 

Sundeya Resotn 
Yomlurl 7, Ownidil 1 
Honahln Ml YOkutt 2 
vakahoma 9, Hiroshima 5 

Padfle Leae u a 

w L T Pd. GB 
SMbu 49 39 0 557 — 

Data! N 40 1 555 — 


LOS ANGELES OPEN 


Boris Becker <21. German', def. Koralen 
Braaadt(B),Gernnny,25,7-B{M),4Gi Rieta 
GB ord Kralicek (5), NetherhindA del. Jon ApML 
*- S wade n ,44,7-BC7-5); JoaonStoltacbg r g (Bl. 
— AudroHa dM. Andre Asaai 01. Uitfiad 


Steffi Grot (1|,(tariiiany,dM. Julie Hdord 
(B).FtoneA44.p7 (4«).4«; Arantxa SondMk 
Vleario (21. Spain, def. OirtsHnqWtaer.Caf- 
itwny.B-GB-L; Cenehihi Mariinu (3), Spain, 
deLJono Novotna {8),Czedi RoRUbHc4T,4G'; 
Taad WhmiiwKslarua, U4. dd. Undnv 
Daanport (4),i)£, Inlurr defBolt, 
SemlBniMt 

Graf def. WMHIraarNleneA44^- sandiez 
Vkorte. SpdM, def. MnrHnex. 44, 4-1, ' 
AUSTRIAN OPEN 
lx K Uib a eluL Auaitlo 
flea til tkxib 

Fabrtee Santarzi FrancA deL . (Raert 
Schaller (9). Austria. 44. 4-4. 4G; Tlxmias 
Mueler(2).Ausrrla<M'.DIIvarGraaACermo- 
ny.B.44G; Gonxi ivonlseMc (1),Crwtta.def. 
Fernando MeHganL BraziL 44 M; Tgnxn 
CoibanMi |i2),Spoln,def. Jo»lerSaichezf4}. 
Spain. 34 44 44 

Sem u ieo b 

lvanbevlcde(.Car«anML74'rM1,4«;lari- 
loro def. Muster. 24 74 (84). 74 (94). ~ 
nnal 

Ivontaevic deL Santoro, 4444. 44,4444 


Worid Champrionsh^ 

Fridovta ReaMta 
Uidlad Stales 134 Odno 77 
Spoln 74 BrokU B7 
ftUBta 94, Anoahi 57 
Conodo 91, Argentine 79 
Grsuea B9,- Egypt s 
Cgrmany II. Pinrte Rico 74 
SMa Uu r ^ RtauHi 
Cubo 94 South Kerga 79 
Croatta 04 AustraBa B9 
Argentina B7. Angola 59 
RuaMa 74 Canada B4 


EoMara DIvliiM 
V» L T . 

' Bo iH tttefe - 3 2 0 

' winnlPw ' -.-s . 2 0 

OMoxn '.'230 
Tmota ' 2 3 0' 

Mamnian' 14' O' 

NnvNtert . 0 5 . f). 

' w iid ag DMate 
Cahtory 4 . | . 0 

Edmonton ' 4 10 

BrftColumbia . . 4 1 . B 

Sacramanio 12 0 

Los voeos . : 2. ' 3 : B ' 

S uska t chaw wi .9 3 0. 

. FrMaytaGanie 
Hamilton 31, Shnavenat is 


PF FA PIS 
ISa IBB' B 
US IBS 4 
159 159 '4 

152.171' 4 

1X1 w a 
«l't7r B 

Xis 10 I 
i5» m I 
IN W I 

in M7 '4 

137 147' 4 
I2B-U9 . B 


CRICKET 


' SECOND TBrr 
Faatond vb. SaoEi AlHca 4Hi dor . 

. SURdov. at Laeda 
EnMaxtlB) imdMta: 4774 
' south Africa 1st hxitoga: -H7-10 
Eflatand Snd bwlnaa: M«2 
THIRD OHB«AY IHTERNA-nOMAL 

Sri LnalH VL. Pakistan ^ 

Se u day . Ig Cetanba f . 

POWalon faxtitns; ztXT 
sri LOMo BinlnAa; 3149 (oN out) , 

(PokWanwbn.JnriTrzm and wMBagrlas3.il 


Boltlmare 34 Los Vagus 33 


BMWOpen 

FtaMtoiMiii w a a Tixxiii liaii linalLk' j 
pavTS 75l9vgrd (B^S N aster) St. Buracb 
GuH Club: 

), Marie McNulty, Zimbabwe 757)4545-874 
4 Save BallestaniA Spain 09467344-073 ' 
4 Mark Roe, England B57l-B549^-37« 

4 Oatren ClorkA Northern Ireiaid <74945- 

4 JbM Blond. Boufb Africa '7H3434S-27I 
4 Jaremy RabbHon. Enatoiid 5F7I-71-45-27I 
7. Derrlcfc Caopsr, Eitotatid 73BFJ045-ZI9 - 
4 JefI HoarkeA South Africa 71-707t-B7^>87P 
4 NIMba FiMIv Smiadan B9734B7W-379 ■ - 

14 Ron McFortana, England 73454473^-^ 


FRENCH FIRSr.DIVISION 
mrnii 

sr. Etlanng a MentpMllgr B 


_ - BASEBALL 
Anwricon Loafue 

. . ALr— uMield W v a Bort a suapanolon of Bos- 

faw ited So x ittawBefButriiHebaan for molt- 
lag contaM wiM'wmpfm during B gomg at 
June 24 

BOSTON— BougWcontruLta at TnddPreii- 
x«r«i and Richy Triirafc. plfdari. from Pnw- 
•tuehof. Hi Ontlaiisa Tim vtmEgmond and 
Hole MftKhey. Mtchara, to Powtuckel. Put 
Mika GraanwML outflelder, an 154ov db- 

m od Hi t. AcHvatgd Andre Duwaen,dasi9nM- 

od mtlir. Omn 15day disabted IM. 

NdllBOHi League ' 

CHICAGO— Stoned' Dorm PolL phefier. 
Ptood JoM Baitbki, pUdtar. on Nie ISdey 
.'dbebled Uab'Movgd Anthonv YBung, pitriisr. 
front 15- to BGdoy dtaabled ibt. 
FLORiOAi-ididiiiad Jerry Serudlln. pIIOf 

■r, oR wolvera fram Oneinnall and optioned 
him to Edaentoft pcl. 

basketball 

nnibrM BdUelbaB AaNctotieo 
CHARLOTTE-6lawdRabartParlah,cNi- 
tar, to muHlyaor enniraet 
INDIANA— RwMgnad Byron Scon, gw^ 
.to multiyear axit nxj . 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


































It. 


N 


«* 


nrrEBNATlONAL HERAIJO TRIBUNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


Plage 15 


O N b AT 


ft 

■iii 


.‘ST! 

'•* * 


' ■-<• '.S, 
■»*r 


* § 





:AWi^^but Wishfid^Ideafor Ending Ba^baU^s Impasse 


As Time Rnns Out 
In Baseball Talks 


NEW YORK. ^ BattbaH’s stalled labor talls^ 
token off for the-weekaid aftd^a si^ diseus- 
SKm |TOUp spent seweral hours ftebating . 
union s revenue-diuing ^spggestioo^ ' are to re- 
some Mcmday ^tb t^sidW a^ar tmait asevtt: 
on die itievant issues. - -i . 

are schedoled for Monday and Tues- 
day, but ^agenda for nextbecinc^ides tbeown- 
ers’ sa^ cap pioposaL Mondavi session ^ 
cover issues otoer .Um . die cap, and Tbesda^' 
wfll be sm^er groiq> <Usdi$dons oafionectmamic 
matters that the rides haw been esqd<«ing. 
^;>eakii^ of iifesid^s Richard Ra- 


agreed to try to get issues off die table Wff we 
■re^ ' a^eement on die core issue at the- last 
minute we won’t have the.other tbii^ to settle.” ~ 
That means tht^ will get to die core issue 
Wedoesd^ at the eadiesL . ' 

And no wattBr how maty iftpng? yty 
pos^ oif a settlement.seeins - nnHicrfy jn time to 
avdd a strike, wlii^ is scheduled to bi^|n affix 
Tbursday's games. 

Five months after the owners and players first 
sat across from one another, die argument 
^ins just about vribm it star^: The owners 
they a ceiling on p^roDs a saUixy cap r-- 
to provide some cost certain^. The players say 
won't aoc^ one because it wx»old mean 
lestrictioos on fz^ agency and, ultim^y, lower 
salaries. 

*Tfwe*reiiotatastaDdstiB,it^sihedose$ttihiag 
you can get to a standstan,” the anikm*s counsri. 
Gene Oiza; said Friday. OHQs counterpart agre^ 
*'We had an ioieresting discuMion about the 
economics of the gan^** -said Rmdtdi. 
agreed on all ibe emdal pomta.” ' . 

The head of die urntm, Donald Fehr, and his 
staff were meetmg.whb playos across the pountiy 
thiswedeend. 

If anyt»e is waiting for a group of moderate 
ownets to force a chmgein managemenfs pori' 
tion, was not gmng to hffipen, several owners 

fit tlmt description made that clear. 

**f don’t dunk theie’s:ai 9 chance for sucoes!^ 
ngaiming that ,<me or more of the mwe moderate 
owners are <tf a mind that that riiould be doaa^**i 
Peter Angrios of (be Baldmofe Ori^es said in a 
triephooe interview. 

**Tha^s unity shdos^ all die ownm to tbe 
effect that sbmeduog has to be <k»e. The poritioQ 
of the union that the status ^po should retnrin 
can't be fulfnied iinder these cooumsduices.*’ 
Jeezy hfcMorris of the Cblocado Rocloes said 

no one has apfvoached him sridi a different idea. 

*’There’s been no groegi meetmgs or discusrions 
that Tm aware of,” he hy tdephone from 
Denver. 

. ,|3he Roddes stand to suffer large losses dnrij^ 
a voike becuue they' lead the mqar - leegDes in 
attendaoce. The Onae^. raaanuDg bamc «^oes 
are sold out, ^TQkgtidS riddibedub wo 
SIO m^on to $1 5 mSJion ff tbe playen strike and 
stay out the rest of die seakin. 

The Oriolto and tbe Rockie& axe two of die nine 

that ^ve pix^'ected prt^ts fbr tins year. 
The others are Che Yanked Adattta, 'Borioa, 
OevtlanA Florida, Texair mid Toronto. 

Peter Magowan of the San Frimdsco Giants, 
fike. An^os and McMcrris one newer 

owDcrem the nu^< leagues, also ^d be has 
hard ttf no moyetoent to alia the owneis' pro- 
posal " “ 

“I do believe the owneis and Didt Ravitch 
himsdf are wifling to listen to axQ^ pn^osali^” 
Magowan said from his Iknnein Ounorma. "Ev- 
ery&ng isn't cut in stone. Webdiem the offer tbe 
owners made is a reasonable offer.” 

Owners, for.tbe most.p^ have lemah^sQent 
farin g t^p}<vMmgnap>tiatinn5 teraaewcoBee- 
tive baigaining^lieemenlXmkingin the bade 01 
the n""Hs of some praple has been tbe idea that 
owners whose dubs auJte money or those wbo 
-Am ply don't want to see the game rimt down 
would an ^ort to alter the owners pro- 
posal enough to gd m agreement with the lay- 
ers. ' ' 

• Approval of a new labor ctmtract before a 
suite would require a sinqde nugority of owners: 
aftenrard, it wouM take three-fouruia, or 21 of 
the 28 dubs. 

; The silence 0/ .the moderates doesn't necessar- 
ily ny ^p th^ ^ agree vrith the mamq g sm ent 
toorition, said another moderate owner* 'mio de- 
dined to be identiffed. It does m e a n , however, 
th^ th^ know t^ don’t have enoug' 
ioJprevail be saicL (T 


7 ■ { ^ Murray Chass 

• . • • , -fffnf Yorklma Satke 
‘•^NEW YORK — Peter Angdos 
That^s not suipriaiug for a mim vdto, 
withhis partners, a b^ price— $173 

ariOhm — for the BaltiiDoie Q^es. 

. - Pder Angdos wants to rarndmirff the 
m^or.leagnes. "Let's build a Camden 
'Yaids fadfi^ in eve^ mqor leceue Icy 
calc,” he 'said, leferntm'to ihe^woles' 
wonderinlly.successfQl Some. 

; .To.adieve his iilan, he wants m^or 
Je^e baseball to join forces with local 
-goveihmcatal entities to bmld the raiks. 
. Sat that's a Irag-raage {noject that has to 
.wait its .torn. 

-Bdbre . getting to baSpaiks, Angdos 
,has.ijBnother plan that he wants major 
le ague basdia|l to undotake. this one in 
. oomimetion with the players. This one, he 
-otoHynaiold eradicate once anij for all the 
- qngosng warhetween the g»t¥ift *e twana^gi^ 
•mait.and labor teams. 

h don’t mink sdaiy and revenue 
during axe Qie uitimatfi pomanent 
solntioD tolhepicbkms^basd)^'’ Ange- 
losaridin a wedaend <dq^wnffi interview. 


His idea is worth hearing and'conrider- 

ing, especial^ wjrii the two ricte marchisi 

Sridomy townid a strike after Tbuzsday 
nights games. Feihaps ibe idea s tenm ed 
from a comment ^ Mike Mu^xm, an 
eoonomtenajoratsanfirid Univer^ 
fto be became a piKte ibr the Orio^ 
"Tim owners are makhig tonsetf moo~ 
ey,” Angelos quoted Musmia as saying. 

"1 say to our ride^” the S173 millica 
mao $a^ ^ tht« yonxig man, with his 
ac^emic background and hi^ level of 
iotenigence; beneves ibat, asd we’re los- 
ing $100 imll^ a year, we’ve dropped 
the ball The key is to tnfocm the playem; 
let them really uodostBod what ^zacis 
are finandally. If baseball has a problem, 
let the owners prove it The owners 
should pot tiuar bodes on the ttUe.'* 

But Ai^dos do^’t want to pm the 
bodes on just any table; be wants them to 
tejiiaced on a tude siarotmded by distin- 
giu^ed members of a prerident^ emn- 
imssion, a blue-ribbon i^el beaded by "a 
poson perodved to Ittve cooi|d^ im^ri- 
■ty, a member of the Supreme Court cx 
somebody like tiiaL** Rqnesentarives of 


bdb sides would ptntidpaie, Angplos said 
and mqor accounting ftnns could be hired 
to lend thdr expertise, 

“Let this become a senalile. ^el in- 
Udlectual inquiiy,” he said *^e only 
way to push aside doubts is to prove it 
with a pro^ that if it is proved is 
fmisbed Winess, a^ can move on to 
the next si^ — how to establish the 
ffnaadal via^ty of baseball” 

"It seems to me,** be continiKd "(he Qisi 
obligatiOD tbe ownets have is to prove, 
witi^t any fear of refutation, thm thmis 
a StOO mOhoQ shortfall in 19M and ihoe 
wifl be that plus in 95. Based on vdiai I*ve 
been shown is owners' me griqg n , Pm con- 
vinced there's a sbe^ad a criris, and I 
support the owners* porition 100 percenL 

"But let the chips faO where they nm. 
If that turns out sot to be tbe case. Fd 
have to reassess my porition and others 
would too. If it's est^lished thnt losses 
and claims of losses are aitificial obvi- 
ously there would be owners who 
wouldn't support the porition a^anced 


by the owners. Then we'd have to take 
another road.” 

At least, Angelos added the owners 
and the players would be done with the 
part of tte di^le in which one side 
makes claims asd the other dismisses 
them as being untrue. 

The last n^iiations, in 1990, pro- 
duced as ecoDOtnic study committee that 
seemed to spend forever scrutinizing 
basebaS's economic health. 

"Another study committee isn't going 
to do anything ^t update those statis- 
tics.” said Richard Ravitch. the owners’ 
chief labor executive. "TheyTl find whai 
we’ve de^bed.” 

Not if the panel looked deeply enough, 
union ofQcials briieve. They say that tiie 
owners’ books don't tdl enou^ about tbe 
gaixie’s fmancial slate. Fine, them tril 
the panel members vdiere to look and 
what to Jo^ for to get at the troth if tbe 
uutb isn’t what the owners are express- 
ii^ Tbe idea is to ^ to the core of the 
dilute and resolve it. 

Angelos recognizes that his idea 
woulda'l be suffiofent to deter the players 


from walking out Frid^. Ravitch said the 
suggestion is "a disgui^ way of sayii^ 
once agfiin defer dealing with the cost 
issue in baseball” The owners, he added, 
“have said unequivo^y we ^ not de- 
fer the isme any longer. 

Is a season-ending strike better? Would 
the owoos rather have the playctffs and 
World Series wiped out? Would they 
want to t^e a cWice that they won't 
start next season on time or even pby? If 
the Angidos idea could settle the issue, as 
he thinks it could, the owners would bene- 
fil in the Icmg run from ^reemg not to 
iu^lemeai tbw salary eap in the off-sea- 
son so that the players woiddn't strike now. 

Angelos’s commission certainly could 
finish its work before the end of next 
season, if the owners are concerned about 
the economic stability of the poorer dubs, 
they could take tbe money tbe richer 
dubs would have lost during a strike — 
Angelos says the Orioles alone will lose 
510 million to SIS milUon — and give it to 
their poorer brethren for 1995 in the 
name of revenue sharing. 



2 Days, 2 Doubleheaders, 
Indians Lose Both Openers 


ne Assadated ^res 
Joe Hesketb allowed three 
hits in eight inning and Carlos 
Rodriguez went S-Tor-5 and had 
three of Boston’s six doubles 
SundM as tbe Red Sox defeated 
the Cleveland Indians. 4-1, in 
the first game of a donhlehead- 
erin Boston. 

The teams were playing their 
second straight douMeneader 
after Friday night’s series open- 
erwas rained ouL Th^ spilt on 
Sanirday. 

Hesk^ who has won all six 
of his career victories gainst 
the Indians, allowed Geve- 
land’s only run m the second on 
a double by Manny Ramiirz 
and two passed balls by Ririi 
Rowland. 

Hesketb struck out seven and 
walked four. The only hits be 
allowed were Ramirei^s double, 
a angle by Kenny Lofton in the 
fifth and a double by Carlos 
Baetga in tbe rixth. 

The Red Sox scored three 
runs in tbe fourth off Chad 
O^a, who was making bis first 
m^or league start. 

T^ers K Bhie Jqrs 7: Kirk 
GibsOT hit a tiebreakmg, two- 
run homer in the eighth to lift 
Detroit over Toronto, playing 
aibomcL 

Gibson connected on a 3-0 
pitch for his 23rd home run. 
Tony Castillo retired tbe first 
^ , , _ . , two batters in tbe eighib before 

Jeff HaniBQiids cotMiFt Tear-exm^ Jose Valeoloi’s throw to firs^ but the CMotes got anotfaer scutout walking Cecil Fielder, and Gib- 


son followed with a drive to 
right Held. 

Tony Phillips led off the game 
with a hoi^ run and later fats 
career-high 18th, and Fidder hit 

ALRfflJNDUP 

his 27th home run. Paul Molitor 
and John Olenid hit home runs 
forTonmta 

Jn games played Saturdt^: 

imBaiK 7, Red Sox D: Dennis 
Martinez pitched a two-hitter 
and Carlos Baerga homered 
twice as Geveland defeated the 
Red Sox to split their day-night 
donblebeader in Boston. 

John Valentin had a career- 
high five hits and drove in five 
runs as tbe Red Sox won the 
first game. 8-4. 

Martinez, «dio has won 10 of 
his last 12 decisions, allowed 
only a leadoff single to OUs 
Nixon in the first and a two-out 
single by Tim Naetuing in tbe 
second After Naehring's hit. he 
retired 19 stiai^t batters. 

Baer^hit a solo homer in tbe 
first and a three- run shot in tbe 
third off Chris Nabbolz. 

Cleveland's top run produc- 
er, Albert Bdle, served tbe nftb 
and sixth games of bis six-day, 
seven-game suspeorion Satur- 
day for having a corked bat 
The Indians are 4-2 whQe Belie 
has been out. 

White Sox Ang^ 10: In 
Anaheim, California. Jnlio 


Texas Fam Make Stink 
Ocerjhese 

Im At^da Tima Seniee 

,'Ite Ballpark In Aitington. tbe Texas 
Rangos' S189 nnOion stadium that opened 
last April stinks. 

And the stendi seems to be most intense 
near tbe best seats. “It's so bad, it makes 
you want to check youxsdf evepr now and 
then,” said a fam Tom Malaise. 

Officials found the proUem; The reri- 
due of thousands of not dogs, mustard 
i^b, onioos, mayonnaise, b^, etc., gets 
washed into storm drains and rots in the 
Texas beat 

Fot the time being, the Rangers have 
taped over the floor drams in each section. 
Later, an exhaust system will be installed 
to Mow the gases out of the drains. 


On Hill’s 16th Victory, Expos Keep Rolling 


ThcAaodaud ProM 

Ken Hill became the Nation- 
al League's ffrst 16-game win- 
ner and the viriting Montreal 
Expos beat tbe RiiladelpMa 
Phillies, 6-4, winning their third 
in a row to lead the ouyor 
leones with a 71-39 record. 

Metises Alou tri|:ded doubled 
and singled and drove in two 
runs for the Expos. John Kruk 
went 2-for4 with two RBIs as 
the Phillies lost thdr fourth 


straight at home. 

mU pit 


SIDEUHES 




ranl^ia Leaving Roma for Benfica 

ROh£(^tets) — Aigentine attadeer O audi o Cams g ia . ^*o 
iwen^retunied losocoeraftera 13-month drug ban, 4 S set tojom. 
ponn^s Benfica from AS Roma, Italy's ANSA news agem^ 

reported on Sniiday. , . ' . 

• Bebeto, who scored Haee goals m the Worid (m 
followed BiazDiazi trominatc RomAiio’s lead aM iMd ins dub, 

DepcHiivo Coruna, tlmt Ite U taking an eactended holiday won t 

haoif in rime to start the new gpa^ season. _ 

9 RomainadefeaiacrDanPetrescu,u*o^^ 

Genoa, signed a four- 3 «ar contract vriUi Sheffidd Wednesday. 

Indiana Yot* lITiis 

INDIANAPOIJD5 (lAT) --Jeff Gordon. who 
two days earii«raiidgiwiminMana,f 

and &nic Irvao in one of the most watmg nnish« m the 

S29A450 won by Kyle Petty in 1990 at. RocSdn^iam, North 
Car^ioa. 

ForifaeRecord 

, ' (Wteitaek Heath Shder^ thdr top draft padc,htoBg^ 

mDKon contract with the Wariimgton 

th^-tave Rc^ W 

. to host the Italta Ftonnula 0»e^^ 

Vn — ^ lapsn Tetanic his^ 
in T^ wiST unanimoos decision over 


wdghl , , 

Salaynr of AJSCntins. 


McNulty D^eats 

Battestetmbyl 

InMumchGolf 

' Hit ABedma/ Prea 

MUNICH — MaAMcNul^ 
riiot a course record 7-uodep- 

g j 65 SundM to win the BMW 
teinatkmarOpeQ by a stroke 
over Sew Ballesterps. 

Both men started the round 
five strokes bade but vaulted 
into the lead by g^g six under 
over, tiid ffimt nine. McNulty 
eagled the par-S, 499-yaxd (454- 
meter^ first hol& 

A bodie cat the 1 7tii hde hdd 
off BaUeateros, who finiriied at 
275 after shoo^ a 66 with six 
birdies. 

England’s Majk Roe finished 
third, two bade after a 69, while 
third-round leader Darren 
Oariw of Ndrtbexa Irdasd 
at 277 after a round of 73. 

• Ccff^ Paving taavii^ riiot 7 - 
under-par 65 , took a four-shot 
lead over first-ronod l»der 
Fred Funk mto Sunday’s round 
at the ram-dd'ayed Bt^ Open 
in Gr^ Blanc^ Mk^ga& 

Paul Arin^, tmddng bis fiist 
start rince bang diagnosed with 
e^mcer last Novcflioer, carded 
respectable 70 fctf atoial of 4- 
over 146 but missed tbe cut 
He wfll defend his U.S. POA 
CbampioDship title starting 
Thursday. 

Funk shot 70 for 135. Davis 
Love m was at 136, tied' with 
Duffy Waldorf. Nid: Faldo, 
Fred Couples, Tom Kite and 
Steve Pate were at 137. 


pitched seven-plus in- 
nings SM allowed four runs 
and seven hits. 

The score was tied S-3 goiz^ 
into the seventh when Monire- 
aTs Lou Frazier beat out a bunt 
Alou followed with an Rfil 
double off the top of (he center- 
fiddfeaoe. 

MaiGiis ^ Mels ^ Ryu 
Bowen, malting his fim start in 
aeariy three months, allowed 
just two hits in TVS innings and 
scored the game's firsl run, 
Imding Florida past New York. 

Bow^ activated from the 
disabled list late Sannday and 
starting for tbe fiist time since 
9, stiudi out ax and 
walked four before running into 
trouble in the eigbth. 

With one out, mneh-Utter 
Feensuado Vina leacned on first 
baseman Greg Colbninn's 
Gelci^ exior. After Jose Vizr 


caino walked, Bowen was lifted 
for Yorltis Perez wbo strode out 
Todd Hundley and Joe Orsul^ 
to end the thmu 

Tbe Mete, limited to three 
hits, did not get a runner to 

NL ROUNDUP 

third base and v^re O-fw-8 with 
nmners in scoring porition, 

Colbrunn gave the Martins a 
2-0 lead in the ninth with a one- 
out hOTMT, his fifth. 

Reds 3. Braves 2: Kevin 
Miu^Ii bitlus 30th homer, one 
of tliree by Ondsnati, and Pete 
S^ourek pitched seven strong 
inrriTig s to lead the Reds, play- 
ing at home, over Atlanta. 

Montr^s victory in Phib- 
d^hia ensured that Atlanta 
trill be in second place in the 
NL ^t, irailing the Expos, on 
the players’ Aug. 12 strike date. 

Scbcnirek allowed three hits 
over seven innings, induding 
Mike Kelly’s solo homer, to 
help the R^ ke^ sole posses- 
skm of first place in the NL 
Central 

Mitehell Bar^ Larkin and 
Brian Dor^t hit solo bomos 
off Mercker. 

Mres Cnbs 1; la CJiica- 
go, Toi^ Gw)nn. baseball's 
leading hitter, went 3-for-5 
Sunday to lifl San Diego to vic- 
tory over Chicago. Cwynn bit a 


solo homer, an RBI double and 
a single, postin| his 52nd multi- 
hit game and raisum his average 
to .392, both lops m tbe NL. 

Sirott Liringstone went 4-for- 
5 to lead tbe Padres’ 17-hit at- 
tack. 

Jn games played 5oncrdarv: 

Astras 8, Giaiits 7: Jeff Bag- 
well hie his 39th homer, a three- 
run shot, and Houston held off 
visitmg San Franrisco for its 
fifth straight wixL 

Matt Wnfiams hit his nuyor 
league-leadin^ 42nd borne run 
as San Francisco lost its fifth 
straighL 

A day after setting Astros’ 
single-season records for 
homers, RBIs and extra-base 
hits, Bagw^ struck again. His 
borne run in the third inning 
gave 1^ a mqor league-lead- 
ing 115 RBIs and increased his 
career-best hitting streak to 16 
games. 

OAs 7, Paikes 1: Frank Cas- 
tillo pitched a six-hiner as Chi- 
cago. plajnng at home, beat er- 
For^prone ^ Diego. Castillo 
was within one out of his first 
nugor league riiutout but gave 
up three straight singles. Rick 
W ilkins wnt 3-for-4 with a 
homer for the Cubs, wbo ended 
a four-game losing streak. Wil- 
kins his seventh bconer with 
one out in the fiisL 


Expos 4, nSBes 3: In Phila- 
delphia, Wfl Cordero scored 
from third base on a slow 
grounder to tbe mound in the 
llib inning, as Montreal won. 

John Kruk's cwo-ran homer 
in the ninth lied it for tbe PhD- 
lies, but Montreal came back. 

Cordero opened the 11th by 
hitting a high bouncer to reliev- 
er Doug Jones, who threw wild- 
ly past first for a two-base error. 

Braves 2, Reds 1: Greg Mad- 
dux allowed just three hits in 
right inning g and E>avid Justice 
homered on Jose Rijo as Atlan- 
ta won in Cinciimati. 

Maddux allowed Just two 
balls hit out of the infield — 
none after the second gining — 
by the NatUmal Le^e's lop- 
Utting team and lowei^ bis ma- 
jor lea^^Ieading ERA to 1.63. 

Cardittab 6, Pirates 3: Visit- 
mg St Louis worked over re- 
liever Du Micrii in a four-run 
eighth inning, capped by Luis 
Alicea's ihre^nm double, and 
beat Pittsburgh, for tbe third 
straight victory ance losing 10 
of M. 

Marlins 4, Mets 3: In New 
York, Jeff Canine hit a three- 
run ^uble in a fonr-nin fifth 
nming and Florida held on to 
defeat the Mets for its fourth 
victory in five games. 

Kurt Abbott went 4-for-4 for 
the Marl^ 


Franco's three-run homer 
capped a six-run lOihinningand 
Chicago withstood five O&or- 
nia homers to beat the Angels. 

Franco drove m five runs, 
giving him a career-hi^ 97 
RBIs. Fraid: Thomas lut his 
38th homer for Chicago, which 
look a one-balf game lead over 
Cleveland in the AL Central. 

Mariners 11, Royals 7s. Kan- 
sas City’s 14-game winning 
streak came to a crashing end 
when R^gie Jefferson dr^ in 
four runs and Edgar Martinez 
hit a three-run homer to g^ve 
Seattle the victory in Kansas 
Qty, Missouri. 

Tte Royals* first loss since 
June 22 ended baseball's long- 
est winning streak since Minne- 
sota woo 15 strai^t in 1991. 
Kansas City began iis run trail- 
ing 916 games in the AL 
but sweeps of Chicago. 
Minnesota and Oakland has 
helped the Royals move back 
into tbe playoff race. 

Twins IQ, Vankecs 4: Kirby 
Puckett readied 100 RBIs fast- 
er than any Minnesota player 
ever, as tbe Twins stopp^ New 
York's eight-game winning 
streak in btomeapolis. 

Puckett, Kent Hrbek, Shane 
Mack and Pedro Munw bo- 
mered for tbe Twins. Paul 
O’Neill connected for the Yan- 
kees, wbo woo 10 in a row 
on the road. 

Puckett drove in three runs, 
giringhim lOI RBIs. He reached 
1 00 ^Is f or tbe third tisoe in his 
career, and did it this year in his 
I04th game: Hannon KiUebrew 
acoompUsbed tbe feat in 106 
games in 1969. tbe prerious fast- 
est in team Instory. 

Orioles ^ Brew e rs 0: Arthur 
Rhodes pitched his second 
straight shutout, a five-hitler, as 
visiting Baltimore oKiunued Its 
recent run of shutouts, defeat- 
ing Milwaukee. Rhodes struck 
out three and walked five in his 
third complete game. Tbe Ori- 
oles have had four shutouts in 
their past rix games. 

Athletics Rangos 4: In 
Oakland, California, Terry 
Steinhaeb's triple scored tbe go- 
ahead run and Ug^ghted a 
five-run eighth inning as the 
Athletics r^ed to beat Texas. 

Sieinbach, who also drove in 
the winning run in a 5-4 victofy 
Friday night, hit a two-run tri- 
ple off reliever Tom Henke. 

t^th tbe Rangers leading. 4- 1 . 
going mto the bottom of tbe 
eightit Rick^ Henderson hit a 
leadoff single off relievin' Darren 
Oliver, went to second on Stan 
Jarirs tingle and stole third 
base. After Henke came in. both 
runners scored on Ruben Sier- 
ra’s single to make it 4-3. 

T^era 3, Blue 2: CecH 
Fiel&r and Tony Phillips ho- 
mered for Detroit, as tbe Tigers 
topped the Blue Jays in Toomo. 

Mike Moore gave up two 
runs on right bits over seven 
innings. He struck out one and 
walked three to help the Tigers 
end a three- game losing str^. 



AnNFLGamemTokyOf 
With Thoughts on L.A. 

Among tbe 49^55 spectators in the 
Tol^o Dome who watched Sunday's 
exhibition game between the Minneso- 
ta VOdi^ and the Kansas City Chiefs 
were some whose tfaougte were on Los 
Angdes and tite fonno' National Foot- 
ball League player, O J- SimpsopL The 
\^kings wra Uk contest, VJ-9^ toth tiie 
CSiiefs* Joe Montana makin g only a 
«wnwft appearance and throyHng four 
passes, none (rf vrinch came dose to any 
receiver. Many of Ae Qiiefs’ od^ 
stars, indiwiing wide receivers J.J. Bir- 
den and Wfffie Davis, <Sd o(rt 
Marcus ABen started but left quUdJy« 
wiriiotit a carry. 


Jofaa hjiWfunm 





I r( ~i I rt 


f 


I 


I 













P^e 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1994 


Eclectic Publisher 
Of ‘Books in Boxes’ 


By Cynthia Rose 

L ondon — From Nancy Cun- 
ard’s Hours Press lo Blooms- 
biuys Hog^ Press, $m^ publish- 
ing Hrms with notable pedigrees are a 
Bntish tradition. Even now, during a 
prolonged economic downturn, Brit- 
ain has more than 75 private presses. 
Eclecticism is evident in tM mere 
names of these imprints: Gre^og. 
Rampant Lion, Libimus and Chimae- 


lis complete delict, the labor of 
old and sold. Nmybe it was no 


Tasfemakers 


01 

An occasional series 
about people for whom 
style is a way of life 


•J 


ra. None, however, enjoys such promi- 
nence as The Redstcme Press, a one- 
mm\ operaUoD Uiat publishes “books 
in boxes." 

Redstone, which started up six 
years ago. has a stvtling roster of 
projects. It has published paintings by 
Mexico’s Frida Kahlo. poems by Rus- 
sia’s Mayakovsky, games by the 
French Surrealists. It has collected 
temple paintings made for the Indian 
goddess Kali (in the Kalighat box), as 
well as woodcuts by the Japanese mas- 
ter Shiko Munakata. In addition to 16 
boxes, it has also published five Red- 
stone Diaries, c^endars that have 
featured both Russian Futurism and 
Aztec codices. 

Every Redstone box hides {xquast, 
offbeat artifacts. Mexico’s Day of the 
Dead includes a tin skeleton bi^ dish- 
ing a scythe. Surrodist Gmnes con- 
tams a twisted version of the chil- 
dren’s classic Jeu de I'Oie, plus a set of 
removable tattoos. The Paradox Box 
comes crammed with optical illusions 
and "puzaling pictures." 

Such treats muror the taste of Red- 
stone’s founder and pre^rietor, the 
45-year-old Londoner Jul^ Rothen- 
stein. Rothenstein began his press in 
19^6, when he found aset of unknown 
wood engravings by Franz MasereeL 
Once he decided these works deserved 
a special format, Rothenstein scoured 
the Yellow Pages for a box-maker. 
After clearing reproduction ri^ls 
with a Zurich bookshop, he loaded 
and labeled his boxes and carted them 
around London’s bookstores. 


Tohisi 
love sold 

suprise; Rothenstein has ink in his 
blood. He is the eldest child of the late 
primmaker Michael Roibenstein, who 
was the son of Sir William Rothen- 
Stan and the brother of Sir John. The 
portrait painter William ran the Royal 
College of An. and served as Britain’s 
official war artist for both worid wars. 
Sir John was keeper and director of 
the Tate Gallery through 1964. 

“My father’s studio,” he says, "was 
very romantic to me. I loved helping 
him; even the ink smeliol spec^*' 
During school, Julian had a priming 
press 6! his own. But when be started 
work he became a designer for hire. In 
1 975 Rothenstein, by then an director 
on the paper Bananas, was asked to 
speak at the Royal College of An. In 
the crowd that flock^ to hear him 
was a lively Chinese student bom in 
Penang, Malaysia. Rothensteiii liked 
her paintings almost as much as her 
personality. Shyly, he remembers ask- 
mg Hiang Kee for a light for his ciga- 
rette. Nineteen years and two children 
later, their unusual union gives Red- 
stone much of its s^le. 

Kee smiles at the memory of their 
meeting. "My British colleagues saw 
Julian as tremendously racy! But to 
me, he seemed public school and puri- 
tanical. I come from a background of 
great material decadence; 1 had al- 
ways lived around beautiful pots, 
flowers, calligraphy." Kee's life bad 
firm roots that stretched back to Chi- 
na. "In the East, no one ever mentions 
such a thing as ‘talent.* There Is just a 
way of living; what one talk<i ab^t is 
survival.” 

Hiang brou^t new esthetics into 
Julian's life: ^dev^(^ts and objects 
that fascinated him. The home they 
made ^etber in Leaden ^brat« 
with this cultural merger, it is filled 
with primaiy colors and wit^. exotic 



ASnir Cnat/Th* Awdiitd Pm 

JoHflii RoAeastdn, Redstone's founder, at his Bbraiy in London. 


ephemera. Here on^srill go to supper 
‘ iw Year 


— or to edebrate Chinese New 

— and meet novelists, artists, even a 
visiting Meucan wrestler. 

Eighteen months ago, Redstone 
gaioM a beavy^ght O.S. partner. 
Shambala Publications. Before they 
got together, Rothenstein’s biggest 
seller was Frida Kahlo. whose work 


sold 1 2,(XK) boxes over rive years. Last 
autumn's Paradox Box, done with 
Shambala, sold 4.000 British b^es in 
five weeks and more than 10,000 wer« 
shipped to the United States. 

Rothenstein can now afford an ele- 
gant Cfadsea office (for yeai^ he 
worked out of his wife’s small studio). 
But its white Edwardian wails will mx 
cramp his idiosyncrasy. He is already 
working <m a box concern^ with tizoe 
^»ules and one on Kong Teik. the 
Chinese funeral practice in which pa- 
per models of woridly goods are ritu- 
ally burned. 

An exhibition called "The Redstone 


Press; An Exhibition of Work," 
opened last month at the Victoria and 
Albert Museum in London and con- 
tinues undl SepL 18. 

Such official acceptance is nic^ 
Rothenstein concedes. But he intends 
to stick by his creed of working from 
instinct "Right now, for instance; 1 
only want to hear abewt time capsules. 
If I bad to support a staff, 1 could 
never stop and do that This is ceaUy 
the true luxuiy; how many publishers 
get to stop?" 


Cjfnthia Hose is an author and broad- 
caster based in London. 


Bluesp&ik: The Lingo of the XJN 


By Cdin Campbell 

N ew YORK ~The lingo of 
the United Nations can be 
deeply puding, When diplo- 
mats a^ reporteis ^leak of 
peaceke^ers m Rwanda and 
sajSr Aovm id Bosnia andannad. 
humanitarian iraerveniion in So? 
malia, they sound almost 
temarically paradoxicaL 


I mentioned tins 
hard, a UN speAesnaan. WI^, I 
aiked, did she organization. 


If s true that the UN is 
ble of greater predsioiL 
dnetions are now being made 
among peacemaking (mainly 
diplomatic efforts), peoce tper- 
ations (a milita^ catchall), 
peaceke^ing (the traditional 
placement tnx^s between 
forces thiu have ceased Ining), 
peace enforcem&it (basically 
warmaking, as in the Korean 
War and the Gulf) and pmee 
buikUng (various postw oper- 
ations). 

Ihere’s a word toz aQ this: 
bhiespeak. In. bloespea^ one 
refers not to mSitaiy intdli- 
gence but to infommion 
bluespeak, one doesn’t s{^). 
One calls a battalion a unit and 
a mechanized battahori a pn- 
tecteduniL Peaedmepi]^ ^ch 
falls under Qiapter VT ctf the 
UK Charter, is also known as 
duptersix. ^oot-’em-np peace. 
enfOToement, on the odier hand,' 
is efupter seven. 61ne^>eak re- 
gards war as something other 
pet^e do; nations make war 
while the UN malms peace. 

I adeed Maddeine K. Al- 
br^t, Pteadent BUI C3intod*s 
representative at the Unhed 
Nations, about bluespeak. 

of problems with call- 
ing it peacdc^ing,” she said of 
the commonest tenn for 'all 
sorts of UN mOitaTy opt^ 
dons, “is mat then people think 
it’s ^-free." She said peace- 
keq>ing is a "oodsnomer’ for 
Onm-style UN actions, and tha* 
“what we piobab^ ne^ to do is 
create a set of cat^ories where 
some distinctkms axe made." 

Jeane J. Kiikpanidc, a for- 
mer and more thunderous UN 
delegate, is mote critic^ UN 
terminology. “Actually," she 
said, "pc(^ around the secre- 
tariat callra the Gulf War a 
peaceke^ing operation. WdL 
if that was pttcekeepb^ World 
! War n was peaceke^ing." 


in Rwanda when there’s no 
peace to keep? He tcplied ttot 
the w<^ was used because tte 
orighial plan was to enter the 
conntiy with the consent <» 
both armed sides and because 
the force’s duties would be lim- 
ited to protecting onHans. 

Blueqicak aside, what about 
all diosc UN acronyms? TlPH, 
for tpffmnoe “ the dcUcatdy 
nfliTMwt Tempenary Inteisation- 
al Presence in Hebron — 
doesn’t mean much in En^h, 
but maybe it means somwung 
in anotner lang*<^8P 
• 1 phoned Benjamin Hmy, a 
scholar oi Near East^ Im- 
-g^mges at Emory Univerei^, 
and mentioned those blond, 
horthem European TTPH per- 
sonnd wbo\e been wandenx^ 
unarmed, around Rebnm in 
thdr pak TIPH T-shirts. Was 
TTPH an edsting word? Ha^ 
tlmi^t about iu Nothing- in 
Hebrew. Then he ^t out bis 
w<4ir ri j rtinnai y of Classical Ar- 
abic 81 ^ discovered that tph 
mwins ‘Tantasy, phantasm, vi- 
sion, apparirion, phantom, 
speetCT, ^lost" 

Is this bluespeak or what? 

□ 

John Algeo, a scholar of new- 

tells me that John Wayne 
BobUn, whose wife cat off lus 
penis, hiu incited a thidset of 
qKmyms. The word Bobbitt has 
been used for months now ju a 
Tiftnn for “peius" and as a vtf b, 

meaning “TO cut off the penis by 

a »hm surgical method," as 

a letter writer to Tune m^azine 

deCnediL. 

aI 0 m% and his wife; Adde, 
write the cQlnmn “Among the 
New Words" in the journal 
American Speech. They have 
collected citations to BMiaee- 
foOTv, BoUnttize^ do a Mn. Bob- 
bitt and Bobbitt sji ntb w ne (a 
feared larii of Bobbitt-ectomies). 


but whose u« as a verb is 
enough that ifs in the Randc^ 
House HisUxical. Dictionaiy W' 
/^inexican Sla^ meaning “to ^ 
tack (a candidate the l£i 
wstematicaUy esp. m tbe mo. 


The failed Snpreme Coini 
nomination of Robert %)fk hag 
been fdlowed by a pack of 
copyeaxs. That was the reason 
rd called Algeo. 

Yes, be said, hehadcollecteii 
such verb forms as ZoM, Lb^, 
ied, Anita Hilied and so fonh. 

Would these words last? 

“Words thai tend to survive,’' 
Algeo reified, ^axe thosetihose 
oxcend^ meanings are veiy 
fuL" They also tend to soua& 
rig^L Unusual names, moibov^ 
— riurepnel,, /ynch — ^.have.o 
up oir common names like 
Smith. 

According to the Algeoj, 
some names are given da^ica] 
endings, as in Cuomosuais (the 
state of wanting a job but not 
being willing to exert tmes^ 
for h) or Buttafooeem («tiacb 
riiymm with holcuni andae^ 
a tawdiy matter overmqxised in 
the press). Maateen Dowd's re- 
cent reference in The New Yod; 
'Times Magazue to a Utter 
presidentiiu aides as Stepkaao. 
pouli fits the paltenii <Bnt 
shouldn’t it have been 5r^plKm- 
since Georges naigp ^ 




r 


4 • } . ! 


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quiver with qrooynuc pdtenti|[ 
'There’s Kun Cdbmn, whose 
rhymes with pain, baae^ 
and ptomaine. May m his Dame 
win become synoiQnnous with a 
grungy, premature end game. 
Maiy Civflie, a Ubrarian at mj,- 
omvspepess, hears a verb in Hei- 
di Fl^'s name. She says 
means ‘To fleece sexuaUy." The 
echo of gerii makes the word 
evenjukaer. 

■ Ctkin Qtnpbeil is a coiteraia 
The Atld^ Journal and Tht 
Aibmta ConstitiOim. 
S^ireisw vacation. 

Um York Tfmea Senia 


.... &Kmyms cssi be as new as 
Beixritt and as . <^ as Rome, 
named after'its founder Romu- 
lus. Id between is a . word like 
Bork, vrixjse origin is stiH alive 


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A slow moving «|onn over 
the eeaiem Atienlic will 
spread rain into Ireland 
Tueeday. then rMWh Cng- 
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week, while moei at cental 
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Typhoon Doug will skirl Pie 
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Tuaeday. Pvn move into the 
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tal 9 W 8 UM|rU apbhW 

.e New York Times Edited by Wilt Shortz. 


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