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INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


#* 


London, Thursday, August 18, 1994 



No. 34,670 


) 



French troops preparing Wednesday to hand over their Rwandan peacekeeping responsibilities to forces from Ghana in the “safe zone” in Gikongoro. 


Fear Overtakes Tutsi as French Prepare Pullout 


By Keith Richburg 

Washington Peat Service 

NYARUSHISHI CAMP, Rwanda' — With France 
vowing to pni! out its troops by Monday, fear has gripped 
the thousands of Thlsi families who sought protection 
here in the "humanitarian safe zone” under- French 
protection msoutbWcst Rwanda. ; - 
“The nriEtia is stiU here,” said Silas Mtmyankindi, a 


UN troops the delicate task of persuading terrified refu- 
gees to stay put, Reuters reported. 

[About 130 soldiers of France’s Operation Turquoise 
left the town of Gikongoro, while control of about a third 
of the safe zone was transferred to United Nations 
peacekeepers from Ghana. Washington had wanted the 
French troops to stay in the safe zone until several 
thousand African soldiers are in place to assume their 
peacekeeping role.] 


While relief workers stood by helplessly, army troops 
repeatedly entered the stadium during April and May. 
accompanied by local government officials, reading off 
the names of Tutsi who bad been singled out that day for 
execution. 

“They came in and took out the people to be killed," 
Mr. Munyankindi said. “They took the businessmen, and 
the intellectuals. They had a list organized by commune.” 

When it was his turn to die. he saH. he had friends bury 
him beneath the ground, leaving only his nose visible 
above the earth to allow him to breathe. And ihere he 
stayed for 20 minutes while the troops searched the 
stadium to take him to his death. 

About I million people, mostly Tutsi, are estimated to 

See RWANDA. Page 4 



macbetes.aziB stiRotit there:” 


[Ignoring pleas from the' United States to keep its 
troops here for a few more weeks to. stabilize the situa- 
tion, France made its iirst significant withdrawal from 
the safe zone on Wednesday, handing over to African 


Like many of the 14,000 members erf Rwanda’s Tutsi 
minority campediere, Mr. Munyankindi came front the 
nearby town of Cyangugu, where he and thousands of 
others spent two long and miserable months crammed 
into a sports stadium with little food or water, waiting for 
their turn to die at the bands of government soldiers and 
mffitiamCD from the country’s large Hutu majority. 


Plutonium Traffic 
Linked to Pakistan 

Papers Discovered in Berlin Raids 
Pertain to Shipments , , Police Say 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcher 

BERLIN — Policemen raided apart- 
ments throughout Berlin on Wednesday 
and found evidence suggesting that smug- 
glers were planning to ship or had shipped 
contraband plutonium to Pakistan, a. 
spokesman for the Berlin State Justice 
Ministry said. 

Frank Thiel, the ministry spokesman, 
said no arrests were made and that no 
radioactive material bad been seized but 
that documents found in some apartments 
bad created the “suspicion that plutonium 
has been transported to Pakistan or that a 
transport was about to be made." 

The news came as President Boris N. 
Yeltsin of Russia pledged to cooperate 
fully with Bonn in the fight to thwart a 
trade in highly radioactive plutonium-239 
and enriched uranium, used in the making 
of nuclear weapons. 

Mr. Thiel said seven apartments and 
offices were raided by about 30 officers 
and prosecutors and that a Pakistani na- 
tional. two Poles and a German, believed 
to be the ringleader, were under investiga- 
tion. The four were released after question- 
ing. 

He said that no radioactive substance or 
trace of radioactivity was found but that 
the documents “strengthened” the suspi- 
cions. He would not comment on the sus- 
pected source of the plutonium shipment, 
or on its size, saying that that could endan- 
ger the investigations. 

The Berlin daily Die Welt said maps and 
documents relating to the transport of pju- 
lonium by car and also a passport contain- 
ing Pakistani visas had been found. 

Pakistan, as well as India, is one of 
several countries believed to have a nuclear 
capacity. 

German policemen have seized four 
caches of wea pons-grade nuclear material 
since May. The seizures, notably 350 
grams erf plutonium-239 discovered last 
week m Munich, have prompted the Clin- 
ton administration to demand that Russia 
tighten control of nuclear weapons compo- 
nents so the material does not fall into the 
hands of terrorists. 

In Washington, the State Department 
said Wednesday that President Bill Clin- 
ton would press Mr. Yeltsin at a summit 
meeting next month to prevent smuggling 
of nuclear materials. The department 


spokesman, Michael McCurry, said the 
United States viewed the matter as having 
“high priority" on the agenda of the talks. 

In a television interview on Wednesday 
night. Chancellor Helmut Kohl asked Mr. 
Ydtsin to take stronger measures to ensure 
that radioactive materials are not secreted 
out of Russian nuclear plants. 

“Now we have to teQ our Russian 
friends, ‘You must guarantee that these 
possibilities for theft are reduced as much 
as possible,' ” Mr. Kohl said in an inter- 
view on SAT-1 television. “We are not 
talking about car theft here. We're talking 
about dangers that are far different” 

Peter Struck, a German lawmaker, said 
security authorities believed that former 


international inspectors find Russia's gigantic 
nuclear industry in a state of chaos. Age 4. 


agents of the KGB and the East German 
intelligence service, called the Stasi, bad a 
hand in the underground trade, 

Mr. Struck, a Social Democrat, said that 
suspicion was imparted by Be rnd Schmid- 
bauer, Mr. Kohl's top intelligence aide, 
during a closed-door session of a parlia- 
mentary committee Wednesday. 

But in Russia, nuclear officials insisted 
Wednesday that there was no evidence 
linking Russia to plutonium seized in Ger- 
many, and they said that they were unable 
to offer help until German investigators let 
them in on the investigation. 

“So far. we haven't got any official in- 
formation on what kind of materials they 
found," said Vitali Nasonov. a Nuclear 
Power Ministry spokesman. 

“As soon as' we have detailed informa- 
tion, we're open to any cooperation," Mr. 
Nasonov said. “We can analyze the sam- 
ples and compare them with the radioac- 
tive materials produced at our plants." He 
added that the ministry would work with 
German specialists expected to arrive 
soon. 

A well-placed German government offi- 
cial said Wednesday that a minuscule 
amount of plutonium-239 seized Friday at 
the Bremen train station could hare come 
from anywhere in Eastern Europe. But the 
official said the makeup of the larger 
amounts of plutonium that have been 
seized indicated Russian origin. 

(Reuters. AP, AFP) 


Treasury Aide Quits in Whitewater Affair 


The Aaodated Prest 

WASHINGTON — Deputy Treasury 
Secretary Roger C. Altman, accused of 
misleading Congress with his Whitewater 
testimony, resigned Wednesday and said 
he hoped Ids action would “hdp to dimin- 
ish the co n tr ov ersy,” The Treasury's senior 
lawyer, lean £. Hanson, also is expected to 
step down. 

Mr. Altman is the highest-ranking mem- 
ber of the Clinton administration to quit in 
the Whitewater affair, which steins from a 
real estate venture involving President Bill 
Clinton and his wife, Hillary, and the own- 
er of a failed Arkansas savings and loan. 

Mr. Altman, in a letter to Mr. Clinton, 
said of his resignation: “Under the circum- 
stances, this is the proper step to take.” He 


Kiosk 


House May Delay 
Health Bill Voles 

WASHINGTON (AP) — As Sen- 
ate Republicans prepared to offer 
amen dments to a health reform bill in 
their chamber, the House majority 
leader, Richard A. Gephardt; said 
Wednesday that he probably would 
puL off House votes on its version 
until after Labor Day, Sept 5. : 

Mr. Gephardt told House Demo* 
crats to.expect no votes neat week. 

Related article. Page s ' . 


Books 

Bridge 


Page 7. 


added, “I regret any mistakes or errors of 
judgment I may have made." 

Mr.Cfinton wrote in reply: “I believe 
you have taken the right step under the 
circumstances.” 

The White House press secretary. Dee 
Dee Myers, rejected suggestions that Mr. 
Altman was forced to quit. “This was Rog- 
eir Altman's decision," she said. 

The president has publicly supported 
Mr. Altman, but his aides have privately 
pressed for the resignation. 

A former Wall Street investment bank- 
er, Mr. Altman is a close friend of Mr. 
Clm ton’s from their days at Georgetown 
Umvenity. He became a leading figure in 
the administration when he helped steer 


the president’s budget package through 
Congress last year. 

Earlier in the week, the administration 
floated the name erf Frank N. Newman, 
undersecretary of treasury for domestic 
finance, as a possible replacement for Mr. 
Altman. 

Ms. Hanson, whose Whitewater testi- 
mony contradicted that of Mr. Altman and 
Treasury Secretary Uoyd Bentsen. has 
told colleagues that she will resign, but not 
immediately. 

Ms. Hanson testified that Mr. Altman 
had ordered her to brief the White House 
about the confidential Whitewater investi- 
gation. Mr. Altman has said he did not 

See QUIT, Page 4 


A Report Sure to Peeve the Pope 

UN Group Campaigns for Greater Birth Control 


By Julia Preston 

Washington Pm Service 

UNITED NATIONS, New York —The 
number of humans on earth is increasing 
faster than ever and wSl reach 8.S billion 
by the year 2050, severely straining the 
planet’s resources, unless the rate is 
slowed, according to a United Nations 
world population report issued Wednes- 


: in a departure, the UN Population 

Fund said in its annual report that the way 
to bring down the growth rate is to educate 
and empower women so they can decide 
bow to control their own fertility. 

Instead of the bland roster of statistics 
of past UN reports, this one was a broad- 
sheet of the views that the United Nations 
and many governments, including the 


din ton administration, will do battle for 
against the Roman Catholic Church and 
some conservative Muslim groups at the 
UN population conference that opens 
Sept. S in Cairo. 

The report insists that allowing women 
to control their fertility and have small 
families is key to overall development, an 
argument that is anathema to Catholic 
leaders who oppose medical birth control 
and welcome large families. 

The document makes dear why the 
United Nations conference is shaping up 
as a frontal dash between feminists world- 
wide and the Vatican. “The invisibility of 
women as individuals, as opposed to their 
roles as wives or mothers, may be coming 

See BIRTHS, Page 4 



CHINESE HAT TRICK — Chinese soldiers balancing their caps upside 
down (fairing a military training exercise Wednesday at a Beijing barracks. 


Dor: Jones 


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The Dollar 
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Pound 

1.5415 

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Yen 

100.14 ' 

100.485 

PF 

5.3375 

5-354 


Newsstand Prices 


1800 Dm 


.11 FJW. 
...SOM 


.P.5000 

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SH. 350 
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Matto ~.^..-3S c 

Nigeria .SUB Naira 

Norway— .15 N.Kr. 
Oman — 1.000 Riab 
Qatar— ...S.00 Rials 
Rep. JretondlR£l.w 
Satxfi Arabia 9.00 R 
South Africa — R6 
UAE. ...-^JODiVh 
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Zimbabwe^ ZirnSZUH 




In China , Millions of Lonely Guys Can’t Find a Girl 


By Philip Shenon 

New York Time Service 

BEIJING — In the free markets erf the new China, 
young men are coming to realize that there is something 
even more precious than a new car, an electronic pager or 
a : Swiss-made watch. 

That precious something, as unmarried woman, is 
becoming harder and harder to find. . 

There are not nearly enough of them, a situation that is 
creating anguish for millions of men and has at least the 
potential of revolutionizing the status of women in this 
traditi onall y male-dominant society. 

“What sort of woman do I want?” responded Xu 
Wenyuan, a lonely 30-year-old who agreed to dress up in 
a sky-blue satin suit and warble a few bars of "Song for 
the Motherland” on a TV matchmaking show in Beijing. 
“It doesn’t matter.” . . . 

If he had hoped to prove his desperation m the search 
for a wife. Mr. Xu succeeded in those two minutes in 


front of the cameras. "Women are so hard to find now," 
he explained. "And 1 just want one.” 

For Mr. Xu and other Chinese men in search of love, 
the offerings of lhe Chinese State Statistical Bureau are 
heartbreaking. The 1990 census showed lhal of a popula- 
tion of Obimon, about 205 million over the age of 15 are 
'single. And of them, there are nearly three men for two 
women. 

A three- to- two ratio might seem bad enough to most 
men. But the numbers suggest that the situation becomes 
far, far bleaker for a man the longer he stays unmarried. 

The figures show that while the vast majority of Chi- 
nese adults many by the time they turn 30, 8 million 
people in their 30s war still single in 1990. And in that 
age group, themes outnumbered the women by nearly 10 
to 1. 

There is an ugly explanation for the relative scarcity of 
unmarried women: the desire of Chinese couples for boys 
at almost any cost. 


The preference for boys has meant that millions of girls 
have not survived to adulthood because of poor nutrition, 
inadequate medical care, desertion and even murder at 
the hands of their parents. 

China’s strict rule of one child per family, imposed in 
the late 1970s and meant to defuse a population time 
bomb, has only worsened lhe insistence' on having male 
heirs. Ultrasound machines and ready access to abortion 
have made it relatively simple for parents to guarantee 
that their one child is a boy. 

But after generations of tampering with nature, nature 
has begun to exact its revenge. And this time, the victims 
are Chinese men. The numbers suggest that tens of 
millions of men at the turn of Lhe century will be lifelong 
bachelors because there will not be enough women. 

“Of the young people who come into this office, at least 
70 percent arc men,” said Li Xiao Tong, a Beijing social 

See MARRY, Page 4 


The New Breed 
Of Terrorist 
Scorns Fame 

By Joseph Fitcheu 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — In giving up “Carlos the Jack- 
al” to the West, Sudan — and presumably 
like-minded Muslim forces in Iran. Egypt 
and Algeria — were not disavowing terror- 
ism but simply discarding an instrument 
that had become a liability. American and 
Middle Eastern officials said Wednesday. 

History caught up with Carlos almost a 
decade ago, leaving behind a generation of 
flamboyant operatives who thrived on 
Western-style charisma and Arab fascina- 
tion with Marxist-oriented, anti-colonial- 
ist doctrines of revolution. That era pro- 
duced mixed results for Arab countries, 
opening the way to Islamic fundamental- 
ism — and a new breed of militant, accord- 
ing to these specialists. 

Stepping into the shoes of a generation 
of terrorist stars, the coming wave of Mid- 
dle Eastern extremists tend to be faceless 
Muslim zealots, anonymous killers who 
undertake wbat are in effect suicide mis- 
sions. 

Resembling other terrorists in their 
readiness to kill innocent people, these 
fanatics — strongest in Iran, Sudan. Alge- 
ria and Egypt — cultivate puritanical life- 
styles and anonymous terrorism, a combi- 
nation with religious overtones to people 
steeped in Islamic traditions of martyr- 
dom. 

“For Muslims, they touch a chord simi- 
lar to the spirit of anonymous sacrifice we 
revere in monuments to the unknown sol- 
dier,” a U.S. governmem specialist said. 

Nothing could be farther from the cool 
style of Carlos, who was captured Sunday 
in Sudan and flown to France. 

Carlos thrived on a personality cult. But 
his credentials, almost as much as his repu- 
tation for fast living, are anathema to Is- 
lamic fundamentalists, who feel that salva- 
tion depends on eliminating Western 
influences in their own countries. 

Instead of personal charisma, they 
thrive on anonymity. International head- 
lines about skyjackings or the assassina- 
tion of celebrities interest them very little; 
notoriety about themselves, not at. all. 
Their political strategy' is based on being 
religious activists in their national commu- 
nity and eliminating proponents of West- 
ern values, physically if necessary, to clear 
the way for fundamentalist social revolu- 
tion. 

The traits of today’s terrorists contrast 
in crucial wavs with their notorious prede- 
cessors. One official said. “These people 
don’t need the technical sophistication 
which Carios was supposed to offer, and 
they don’t want mercenaries. 

Another added, “Their people can kill 

See CARLOS, Page 4 






Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18,1994 


Relentless Italian Judges Smell More and More Bribery WORLD BRIEFS 


By William Drozdiak 

Washinf/M Pm Jirwiv 

MILAN — Italy’s “revolution of the judges" 
appears poised to enter a new phase that could 
imperil some or Prime Minister Silvio Berlus- 
coni's closest allies and provoke fresh alarm 
about the fate of the country, according to judi- 
cial and political sources. 

Thirty months after crusading magistrates 
started to unravel a system of kickbacks for 
"overnmeni contracts — revelations that 
brought down the country's postwar political 
establishment — the investigation is delving into 
new allegations of bribery and tax evasion in- 
volving lop enterprises and members of the 
country's financial police. 

At least 50 businessmen — including Mr. 
Berlusconi's younger brother. Paolo, who now is 
under house arrest — are under scrutiny in the 
latest wave of corruption charges. While they 
have been spared the humiliation of jail, the 
businessmen face intense pressure to give testi- 
mony that could expand the inquiry into new 
areas. 

The burgeoning corruption cases could set the 
stage for further conflicts between Italy's execu- 
tive and judicial branches this autumn. Tiziana. 
Parent!, a former Milan magistrate who quit to 
join Parliament as a member of Mr. Berlusconi's 
Forza Italia party, said she feared the country 


faced “a crisis of democracy” in the looming 
showdown. 

A threat by the magistrates to resign in the 
face or a decree issued by Mr. Berlusconi last 
month that curtailed their powers of detention 
unleashed a torrent of public outrage that nearly 
toppled the government and forced the prime 
minister to withdraw the measure. 

The immense powers and popularity of the 


That step, in turn, would lead to a new test of 
wills between the judges and the prime mini ster, 
who won national elections in April, three 
months after be entered politics. He has not 
relinquished his vast business holdings. 

After his retreat and subsequent offer to intro- 
duce compromise legislation on preventive de- 
tention, opinion polls showed that Mr. Berlus- 
coni’s approval rating had fallen to 48 percent. 

A T\Z nz .1. . . • T 1 ■ .J 


Milan magistrates have started to raise questions Antonio Di Pietro, the most widely recognized of 

the Milan magistrates, was cited as the most 


about whether they have exceeded their constitu 
tional role to such an extent that Italy is hovering 
on the brink of an institutional crisis. 


do. 


“We are only doing what the state pays us to 
C said Gherardo Colombo, one of die four 


popular man in the country with an 85 percent 
‘ ‘lieiprose- 


be prolonged. Three more suicides have occurred 

this year. 

Mr. Colombo disavows any notion of a politi- 
cal vendetta against the prime minister, who has 
accused the Milan magistrates of craving “star 
status" over fairness and justice. 

The magistrate said that he, Mr. Di Pietro, 
Piercamilio Davigo and Francesco Greco offered 
to resign over the detention decree not because 
they wanted a political showdown with; Mr. Ber- 
lusconi but because they saw it “strictly as a 


Crowd Burns Nigerian Aide’s Houses ^ 

LAGOS (AP) — Protesters firebombed two mansions belong- * 
mg to Labor Minister Samuel 

On Tuesday night, a march against the mUitmy goi^mment by 
university students in. Benin. 250 kilometers (150 mjk?) east of 
- - • -y civilians. The crown turew 

a’s bouses and watched .them 


Lagos,, was joined by other angry 
gasoline boinbs at Mr. Ogbemudia 


principal Milan magistrates. “How can there be 
a crisis of democracy when we are only uncover- 
ing wrongdoing based on evidence we find and 
testimony given by private citizens?" 

Mr. Colombo said in an interview that he 
estimated the Milan investigation was halfway 
through its prospective casdoad. More than 
4.000 businessmen, politicians and bureaucrats 
have been implicated in corruption schemes. 

He refused to discuss pending cases, but other 
judicial sources said the prosecutors were pursu- 
ing cases that could soon lead to charges against 
top executives of Mr. Berlusconi's S7-billion-a- 
year Fininvest empire, which includes television 
stations, real estate, supermarkets, newspapers, 
book publishing and insurance. 


bum to the ground. • , ■- „ 4 l . 

- _ , ... . .. . . " Meanwhile, talks beween Nigeria's striking od 

The decree would have abolished preventive miUtayadiBSiistrafiim, which were due to be held on Wednesday, 
detention for those accused of nonviolent crimes failed to take place because the government side did not^howjup, 
and corruption. As a result, more than 1,000 um'on bffTdals said. 

people were released from prison, including ail " 


problem of conscience. 

approval rating, followed by Milan's cfaii 
cutor, Francesco Saverio Borrelli. with 67 
percent 

But the judges, too, are confronting allegations pwpiv WMW tviuiaw AI-V/Lil ISlidVU, XIKVJ.UUm& HU . - __ . ^ k mm 1 

about abuse of power. Human-rights advocates politicians and businessmen embroiled in the 5 Italians Face Trial lOT RaCISt AttRCk 

the magistrates of using the threat of payoff scandal. ™ v' . ■ . * v 

It also would have banned extradition re- - ROME (Reuters) — Five Italians received suspend©? 
quests, such as one pending against Mr. Bolus- ’ te pees on Wednesday for resisting arrest after tncy anacaea a 
corn's dose friend Betdno Craxi, the former ' Senegalese beach vendor in a racist incident. 

Socialist prime minister, who is in exile in Tuni- 
sia and who was sentenced recently to years 
in prison on corruption charges. : 

The amended legislation pul forward by the 
government will allow defendants in corruption- 
related cases to be subject to preventive deten- 
tion of up to three months. None of those freed 
under Mr. Berlusconi's decree have been re- 
turned to jail, although they remain under house, 
arrest 



accuse me magistrates ot using 
prison to extract confessions and of forcing peo- 
ple to languish in jail for months without being 
charged. 

Italian law allows prosecuting judges to im- 
prison suspects for up to three months before 
charging them if the judges believe there is a risk 
the suspects will tamper with evidence, flee the 
country or commit additional crimes. 

Such incarceration has proved too much for 
some of Italy's fallen elite. Last year, Gabriele 
Cagliari, the powerful chairman of the giant 
energy conglomerate ENT, hanged himself in his 
jail cell after learning that his 40-day stay would 


Hicgaiese oeacn veouuriu - . 

The police said three men and two women from. Rom^-au^ui 

their 20s, surrounded (he Senegalese man and attacked him with 

broken bottles on a beach near the Sardinian capi.tal.of Caglianon 


T Tbefive will be tried at a later date for aggravated assault and 

the Italian news agency ANSA 


for damaging state property, _ _ 

reported, that they allegedly vandalized the jail cell they 
were kept in while being booked: 


EUROPEAN 


TOPICS 


Dutch Car Pooling 
Falls Victim to Suit 


What was billed as Europe's 
first car-pooling experiment 
has proven a big bust. 

For 10 months, one lane of 
the Al highway near Amster- 
dam was reserved Tor vehicles 
■ carrying at least three persons. 
-Video cameras were used to 
watch for violators. 

. Now the experiment is be- 
ing ended, thanks to the pro- 
vocative role of a former 
transportation minister. Tjerk 
Westerterp. He drove in the 
car-pooling lane; alone, until 
police stopped him. He then 
appealed the 100 guilder (S60> 
fine in court. His argument: 
Nothing in Dutch law confers 
special status on cars with 
multiple passengers. The 
judge agreed declared the spe- 
cial lane illegal, and ordered 
that it be reopened to all traf- 
fic on Monday. 

As the daily Die Well of 
Hamburg reports, the special 
lane had already become 
something of a mockery. Some 
people, borrowing an idea 
from America, traveled with 
inflatable dummies. And a 
hearse driver, when stopped 
for traveling alone, pointed 
out that there were two other 
people in the vehicle — 
though neither was in any par- 
ticular hurry. 



Andrea Wmorng/Agrou: Framr-Pnew 

COLD-WAR EXHIBIT — A worker putting the final touches on restoration work on U-475, an old Soviet Foxtrot 
class hunter submarine retired in 1976 from the Baltic fleet. It opened Wednesday as a tourist attraction in London. 


Around Europe 

Slowly, tourists are return- 
ing to Dubrovnik, the beautiful 
Adriatic city that suffered hor- 


rible damage during a year- 
long siege by Bosnian Serbs. 

After leaving much of the 
city in ruins — two-thirds c*f 
the 824 buildings in the medi- 
eval Old City were hit by shells 
or grenades — the Serbs with- 
drew to the east. They are now 
some 25 kilometers away. 

Recovery will be slow", part- 
ly because "of the blow to tour- 
ism, which, before the war, ac- 
counted for 65 percent of the 
city's income, according to the 
German weekly Der Spiegel. 
Hoteis in and near prewar Du- 


brovnik put up 60.000 guests a 
night. The figure today is dose 
to 2,000. 

Those few foreigners who 
are making the trek to the 
1.300-year-old city are finding 
that Dubrovnik, without the 
usual crowds, is remarkably 


S iaceful — and cheap. As one 
er 


ierman tourist said, “I feel 
safer here than I would in 
Florida." 


Maternity clinic employees 
can be forgiven for bang a bit 
skittish recently. In the French 


town of Mortagne-du-Nord. 
police on Saturday found a 
baby that had been taken two 
days earlier from a nearby 
clinic. A woman identified as 
Nadege Breviere. 37. had gone 
to great lengths to plan the 
abduction. She bad told 
friends she was pregnant, dec- 
orated a room for a baby, and 
for months wore padding. Af- 
ter making off with the inlant, 
she had an ambulance bring 
her home. Police, aided by a 
tip. tracked her down and 
found that she had even had 


birth announcements printed 
— for “baby Arthur." Mean- 
while, after the highly publi- 
cized kidnapping of a baby 
from a maternity clinic in Not- 
tingham, England — the baby 
was found two weeks later — a 
new clinic in Walsall, West 


Midlands, is planning to make 
ft-proof. Newborns 


babies theft-proof, 
will be provided with identity 
bracelets which will set off an 
alarm at the exit unless deacti- 
vated. 


Brian Knowlton 


Rebel Serbs 
Threaten 


Walesa Vetoes Spy Post for Ex-Agent 

•WARSAW (Reuters) — President Lech Walesa asked the 
government on Wednesday to revoke the appointment of a former 
Communist-era superspy to head Poland’s intelligence service, the 


tr.--: 


presidential office ... 

It said Mr. Walesa was concerned that the appointment of 
Marian ZacharskL .who received a life sentence in 198 1 . in Los 
Angeles for spying, would harm Poland’s relations with the WesL 
- Mr. y-flffrargifi, who was appointed on Monday, is believed to 
have intercepted secret plans of Hawk and Phoenix missiles and 
those of the anti-missile, system Patriot during his espionage 
operations in the United States between 1975 and 1981. Following 
hur arrest and trial, hewas exchanged in 1985 for Western agents 
caught in the then Soviet bloc. 


UN to Get 

ruel Supply Opposition in India Ends Boycott 



Reuters 

SARAJEVO. Bosnia- Herze- 
govina — Bosnian Serbs 
stepped up pressure on the 
United Nations on Wednesday, 
saying they could prevent con- 
voys from crossing their territo- 
ry. 

Fighting, meanwhile, flared 
near Sarajevo in violation of a 
UN-mandated heavy weapons 
exclusion zone. 

Serbs said they would block 
UN convoys through their terri- 
tory beginning on Thursday un- 


NEW DELHI (Reuters) — The- Indian opposition ended its 
boycott of P arliam ent on Wednesday after _ the government 
backed down in a dispute over a SI .28 billion financial scandal. 

.Prime Minister P.V. Narasixnha Rao and members of his 
Congress (I) Party-thumped their tables in welcome as the opposi- 
tion returned after nearly three weeks. The -scandal, which sur- 
faced in 1992, involved banks . and brokers accused of illegally 
diverting funds from government securities to the booming Bom- 
bay Stoat Exchange- 

The opposition walked out over what it alleged was a govern- 
ment cover-up: The government had partly rejected recommenda- 
tions of an ail-party parliamentary committee report on the 
scandal The speaker of the lower- house, Sivraj Pa til, announced 
that the government had agreed to “revise, modify arid resubmit" 
its position, paving the way for the end of the boycott. 


Japanese Is Said to Admit Poaching 

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U.S. Debates Somalia Pullout 

Danger to Diplomats Weighed Against Political Fallout 


CORUM 


Horlogers -J oaiiliers 

L. Rue de la Paix, Paris, Tel. 42 60 10 17 


By Bradley Graham 

Washington Post Senuc e 

WASHINGTON — Clinton 
administration officials, wor- 
ried by a rise in violence in 
Somalia and by intelligence re- 
ports erf Americans being tar- 
geted, were talking last month 
about rapidly pulling out the 
last U.S. diplonuis and Ma- 
rines. 

But no withdrawal has taken 
place, amid continuing differ- 
ences between officials of the 
Defense and State departments 
over what to do. Tne debate 
weighs the threat to the Ameri- 
cans against the political cost of 
abandoning participation in the 
United Nations mission in So- 
malia. 

About 20 diplomats are still 
in the capital, Mogadishu, 
charged with supporting UN ef- 
forts to promote political recon- 
ciliation among warring clans. 

| More than 50 Marines with 
j anti-terrorist training are there 
j to guard the diplomats. 

! The Pentagon has been argu- 
j ing for months that the Marines 
should be withdrawn and re- 
placed with civilians from a pri- 
vate security firm. More recent- 
ly, Defense Department 


officials have also urged evacu- 
ating the diplomats to nearby 
Kenya for their safety. 

“Why are we keeping this 


thing going?” asked a Pentagon 
official. “It’s 


"s an accident wait- 
ing to happen.” 

But the Slate Department is 
reluctant to close the U.S. office 
in Mogadishu, fearing that such 
a move would lead to the end to 
the whole UN mission. And os 
long as American diplomats re- 
main, State Department offi- 
cials want the Marines in Mog- 
adishu, feeling more secure with 
them there and avoiding the ex- 
tra cost of hiring a security firm. 

Hie sentiment on Capitol 
Hill favors an early withdrawal. 
Twelve members of the Senate 
Armed Services Committee 
wrote President Bill Clinton 
last month urging a pullout of 
U.S. diplomats and troops be- 
cause of the poor prospects of 
achieving a peace agreement 
and the deteriorating security 
situation since the withdrawal 
of most U.S. troops last March. 

Last week, the Senate ap- 
proved. 54 to 44, an amendment 
to the defense authorization bill 
cutting off funds for keeping 


Marines in Somalia after Soil 
30. 

About 18,000 UN troops, in- 
cluding 10,000 in Mogadishu, 
are responsible for overall secu- 
rity for American and UN per- 
sonnel and for escorting relief 
convoys. But the peacekeepers 
have largely taken refuge inside 
their compounds to avoid the 
fighting outside, which has in- 
hibited relief efforts and killed 
and wounded scores. 

Even the UN secretary-gen- 
eral, Butros Butros Ghati, has 
questioned the size and cost of 
the international operation in 
view of its diminished effective- 
ness. The Clinton administra- 
tion has been pressing UN offi- 
cials to consider scaling back 
the mission or ending it, con- 
tending that the large interna- 
tional presence may be imped- 
ing a political settlement. 


spokesman, 
oink. 

He said. “It is blackmail and 
we will not comply. It doesn't 
matter how much they want. 
We will not give them fueL" 

Serbian and Muslim-led Bos- 
nian Army forces traded shell- 
ing attacks on Tuesday near 
Breza north of Sarajevo, violat- 
ing the 20-kilometer (I2rmile) 
UN weapons exclusion zone 
around the capital Major An- 
nin k said. . ' 

"”Figbting in the area almost 
provoked North Atlantic Trea- 
ty Organization air strikes; 

The Bosnian Serbs’ move to 
block convoys came two weeks 
after their long-time patron, 
Serb-led Yugoslavia, imposed a 
blockade against them over 
their rqection of the latest in- 
ternational peace plan. 

Major Annin k said possible 
fuel shortages caused by Bel- 
grade's blockade would be a 
“logical explanation'’ of the 
Serbs' latest demand. 

Bosnian Serbs, under pres- 
sure to accept the peace plan, 
have tested the UNs resolve in 
the past month, raiding UN 
weapons depots, cutting off the 
main commercial route into Sa- 
rajevo and shutting down the 
humanitarian airlift into the 
city for weeks by shooting at 
UN planes. 

The commander of the Bos- 
nian Army, General Rasim De- 
lia, said his forces were shifting 
to an offensive stance and 
would gradually turn the tide 
against the Serbs. 

“We are tike a snowball get- 
ting bigger as it rolls down from 
the top of a hill" General Delic 
told state television in Sarajevo. 
“If things continue as they are. 
the process of liberation will 
accelerate." 

General Delic warned of 
□ ore war, telling Sarajevans 
tHeir relatively sheltered exis- 
tence, protected from Serbian 
shelling by a NATO-enforced 
cease-fire, would end as the 
Muslims went on the offensive. 


VLADIVOSTOK, Russia — The wounded captain of a Japa- 
nese fishing boat has confessed that he and his crew were poach- 
ing in Russian waters before a patrol boat opened fire on them, a 
Russian news agency reported Wednesday. 

“The border guards found three boxes of fish aboard the boat, 
and the captain confessed they violated the law,” Itar-Tass said. 
The captain, identified by Japanese authorities as Koiclii Ike ura. 
31, was hit by shell fragments. After surgery, he was taken to 
Sakhalin Island for further treatment and eventual trial, a Russian 
border guard official said. 

Separately, a news report Wednesday quoted a Japanese Mari- 
time Safety Agency official as saying that another Japanese 
fishing boat had been fired on near the Kurils by what was 
suspected 4o be a Russian Coast Guard vesseL " (AP. AFP ) 


Biot in Lesotho as King Bars Cabinet 


JOHANNESBURG (AP). — Angry that the king dissolved the 
elected government, thousands of people protested Wednesday in 
front 'of the royal palace in Lesotho. Troops fired at the crowd, 
and four people were reportedly killed. 

The violence in Lesotho, a small independent state surrounded 
by South Africa, began after supporters of the ousted government 
began throwing stones, the South African Press Association said. 
Police and soldiers answered with gunfire. The agency, citing 
police, said at least four people were killed and 10 wounded. 

King Letsie III said on state radio early Wednesday that he was 
dissolving the cabinet of Prime Minister Ntsu Mokhehle, the 
country’s first democratically elected government in 23 years. The 
decision appeared to be a maneuver to hand power to his father, 
former King Moshoesfaoc II. 


fca Fartei.|* ; 


TRAVEL UPDATE 




- 


Israel and Jordan Join on Tourism 


SEDOM, Israel (AP) — The tourism ministers of Israel an d 
Jordan agreed Wednesday to jointly promote American tourism 
to the region. 

Tve ordered my conmrisson in New York to be in touch with 
the Jordanian commission-in order to plan things for both of us,” 
the Israeli tourism minister, Uzi Baram, said after meeting with 
his Jordanian counterpart, Mohammed Ad wan. 

It was the first tune a Jordanian minister had ventured inside 
Israel since the two countries signed the Washington Declaration 
jast month, ending a 46-year state of war. The countries would 


jdntly market an array of tourist attractions such as Jerusalem 


rites and Jordan's ancient Nabatean city of Petra as well as 
Israel’s Mediterranean coast and the twin Red Sea resorts of Eilat. 
Israel and Aqaba, Jordan. 



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Moroccan afrtme personnel hare voted to continue a strike after 
unsuccessful talks with the management The crews have been on 
strike for more t h a n , a week to protest regulations giving crews 
more work. [AFP) 

Wildfires burned oat of control Wednesday on the Greek islands 
of Lesvos and Andros, while a third broke out on Crete. (AP) 


ThePhffippmes should improve Manila's crowded airport and 
strramhne arrival procedures to attract more tourists, according 
to OOnther Fischer, Lufthansa Airline's general manager for the 
Philippines. He urged improvements in the physical condition or 
the international airport; an automatic baggage and passenger 
transfer to the domestic airport; and a system allowing some 
travelers to hare thorbags inspected by customs at final destina- 


tions outside Manila. 


(AP) 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18. 1994 


Page 3 



^ POLITICAL VUIS* 



GOTCHA — A 

mother of a 9-year-old murder vfctiuv a White 
House gathering to support President Bii Ctintou’s 
(rime bffl has had unexpected repercussions. A proba- 
tion officer In Gretna, Lornsjana, recognized her as 
1 -* 1 " ^ ^mhdroscase. 


Home Fewd CauM Wound Colleges 


l 


WASHINGTON — A long-simmermg feud between two 
owerfui House Democrats has erupted mto a full-fledged 
attic over what one considers political prerogative and the 
other calls scientific pork. -The struggle may cost America’s 
leading research universities hundreds of millions of dollars 
in money they expected to get from the Pentagon. 

Tile fight is between Representative John P. Murtha, a 
Pennsylvania Democrat who is the chief protector of aca- 
deme’s have-nots, and Representative George E. Brown Jr., a 
California Democrat who is the champion of the research 
titans. 

Mr. Brown heads the House Committee on Science, Space 
and Technology, which sets science and technology policy. 
But Mr. Murtha, as chairman of the House Appropriations 
subcommittee on defense, holds the purse strings on the tens 
of millions of dollars that go annually to each of the biggest 
research universities, like Stanford and Johns Hopkins. 

He has routinely made sure that a share of this money that 
the Pentagon allots for research goes to smaller universities in 
his district and in the districts of lawmakers who curry his 
favor. The practice is known as earmarking. 

Mr. Murtha is miffed because, even as the largest universi- 
ties continue to get the lion’s share of the money, Mr. Brown 
repeatedly attacks earmarking. So several months ago, while 
his committee was drawing up the Pentagon appropriations 
bill for the fiscal year that begins Oct. 1, he slashed the budget 
for academic science and engineering In half,, to about 5900 
million. 

. The frill House later approved the cuts. And although the 
Senate’s version of the bill would restore all but $80 million of 
thenu. the universities still stand lo Jose hundreds of millions 
of dollars when House-Senate negotiators work out a com- 
promise. _ 

“This would devastate one of the most Important sources 
of future innovations for 1 U.S. forces," Defense' Secretary’ 
William J. Perry said of the cuts in testimony to a Senate 
subcommittee last month. . . (NYT) 


Cuts Mean Furloughs at Printing Agency 


WASHINGTON — Too many federal agencies have be- 
gun taking Vice President AJ Gore’s advice to become more 
competitive and arc doing their own printing. That has 
created a crisis for the Government Printing Office, the 
congressional agency that has controlled all federal printing 
since the days of Abraham Lincoln. 

In response to what agency officials described as a looming 
multxrmUkm-dollar deficit, the printing office has notified its 
4,350 workers that they could soon face unpaid furloughs of 
up to two weeks to help the agency balance its books. ( WP) 


Train BUI Advances In House 


WASHINGTON — The House has taken a step toward' 
planning high-speed passenger rafl corridors between major 
U-S. cities. On a 281 -to- 103 vote, it approved and sent to the 
Senate on T uesday a bill authorizing $1 84 million over three 
years for environmental, economic and engineering studies 
and for acquiring rights of way. 

President Bill Chnton has proposed development of a 
nationwide, high-speed passenger network. The House Ener- 
gy and Commerce Committee approved a SI. 2 billion, five- 
year program for construction and devdopnietiL, but severe 
budget restraints have made it unlikely that the money will be 
appropriated. { AP) 


Alaska Governor to Call It Quits 


JUNEAU, Alaska — Governor Walter J. Hick el has ended 
months of speculation by announcing that he will not seek a 
third term. **My decision is based on how 1 can best serve 
Alaska," the Republican said, a week before the primary 
election. 


Quote/Unquote 


James B. Stock dale, 70, the retired Vietnam War admiral 
who was Ross Perot’s 1992 running mate, describing the vice 
presidential debate that some said left him looking befuddled: 
“It was like I was a college football player that somebody 
decided ought to go into boxing and a week later is in the ring 
with Joe Louis. I was playing calciwip all the way." ( LA T) 


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Economists See a Flawed Health Plan, but Hold Hope 


By Peter Passell 

Niro York Tima Service 

■ NEW YORK — Is the Mitchell 
plan, the Senate Democratic leader- 
ship’s compromise on health care re- 
form, the last best hope for achieving 
universal health insurance? 

Or is it a shell game, an exercise in. 
deception that would waste tens of’ 
billions of dollars and discourage work 
efforts by the poor? 

The answer, say health economists 
— some with resignation, some with, 
disgust — is both. 

“We’re into camouflage," says Uwe* 
Reinhardt of Princeton University, 
who nonetheless says he hopes Con-, 
will seize the moment and pass 


tom line and Republicans pounded 
away at their theane of no new taxes, 
most eyes turned to the issue of who 
would pay for broader coverage. 

The Clinton administration’s bill 
put much of the financial burden on 
employers — and thus indirectly on 
their workers, where it already is. But 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


Martin Feldstein of Harvard, who 
would much prefer to tinker at the 
edges of the current system than go for 
brake, says that “people ought to un- 
derstand what it’s about and what it 
costs." 


In the early stages of the debate, the 
White House focused on what was 
then seen as the poGtical imperative 
driving health care reform: contain- 
ment of exploding. costs. But as busi- 
ness interests began to assess the bot- 


what had initially seemed to be the 
path of least political resistance 
proved to be a mine field sown by 
small-business lobbies that wanted no 
part of an insurance mandate. 

So the Senate majority leader, 
George J. Mitchell, Democrat of 
Maine, expanded on an alternative in- 
dependently drafted by Democrats on 
the Senate Finance Committee. His 
compromise would free employers of 
the obligation to provide insurance, 
provided that 19 out of 20 Americans 
received it as a fringe benefit from 
employers or bought it themselves 
with a little help from Uncle Sam. 

The bill, which is now being debated 
in the Senate, postpones the day of 
reckoning on employer mandates until 
the year 2002. And h imposes only 
modest new taxes. 


_ A tobacco levy would raise 57 bil- 
lion in 2002, while taxes on insurance 
premiums would add $21 billion — 
small change on a national health care 
budget expected to exceed $1.9 trillion 
just eight years from now. 

If that sounds too good to be true, 
Mr. Feldstdn would be happy to seat 
you at the bead of the class. The shuf- 
fle of cash needed to finan ce vastly 
extended coverage, he says, is largely 
hidden in the fine print. 


Mr. Feldstein, who was a member of 
President Ronald Reagan’s Council of 
Economic Advisers, calculates that a 
big indirect tax is buried in the require- 
ment that insurance companies as- 
sume part of the cost of services for 
poor people now covered by Medicaid. 

Their benefits are more generous 
than those offered in the bill's stan- 
dard package, but their premiums 
would be the same; presumably, the | 
insurance companies would pass the 
extra cost on to their entire pool of 
customers. 


Mr. Feldstein estimates that would 
add $30 billion to everyone else’s pre- 
miums, much the way hospitals now 
overbfll the insured to cover the unin- 
sured. 


Mr. Mitchell is not impressed by 
this back-of-thc-cnvelope calculation. 
‘They’re one person’s made-up num- 
bers,*' he says, and they contradict the 
conclusions of the Office of Manage- 
ment and Budget, a White House 
agency. 

Transferring responsibilities for 
Medicaid to private businesses would 
generate substantial savings, he ar- 
gues, perhaps even obviating the need 
for more burden-sharing by insurers’ 
paying customers. 

Mr. Reinhardt has little patience 
with this political dance. "One way or 
another,” be says, “universal coverage 
requires a redistribution of $80 billion 
from the top to the bottom." The real 
issue is how to accomplish the transfer 
with minima] side effects. And here 
Mr. Feldstein’s criticisms ring truer to 
many economists. 

For one thing, the subsidies offered 
ro low-income workers would distort 
incentives to organize production effi- 
ciently. Businesses would “sort" work- 
ers, concentrating low-wage workers in 
companies that did not provide insur- 
ance as a fringe benefit to take maxi- 
mum advantage of the government’s 
offer to subsidize the insurance of low- 


income families not otherwise covered. 

Arguably most distressing, the slid- 
ing scale of subsidies intended to make 
insurance affordable for the working 
poor and struggling middle class 
would be a powerful disincentive to 
work. 


As low- in come workers earn more, 
they gradually lose eligibility to gov- 
ernment benefits ranging front food 
stamps lo income tax credits, a prob- 
lem that is already widely blamed for 
keeping unskilled workers on welfare. 

Yet, according to the Congressional 
Budget Office, the graduated with- 
drawal of the health insurance subsi- 
dies under the Mitchell plan would , 
take 30 to 55 cents more from an extra 
dollar in wages. 

“In the end." the budget office con- 
cludes. “some low-wage workers 
would keep as little as 15 cents of every 
additional dollar they earned." 

These problems are not unique to 
the Mitchell draft. 

Mr. Reinhardt is pointed, saying 
that the approach favored by the Sen- 
ate minority leader. Bob Dole, a Re- 
publican from Kansas who is leading 
the opposition, “is no better than the 
Mitchell plan." 


A Vague Compromise Revives Crime Bill 


By Ann Devroy 
and Kenneth J. Cooper 

Washington Pott Service 

WASHINGTON — Repub- 
lican congressional leaders say 
that President Bill Clinton has 
pledged to consider “signifi- 
cant changes in the crime bill 
to assure its passage. 

But the White House said the 
changes would not fundamen- 
tally alter the legislation. 

Mr, Clinton met with the 1 1 
Republicans, who last week had 
voted for the failed procedural 
rule to bring the anti-crime leg- 
islation to a final vote. 

Also attending were the 
House minority whip, Newt 
Gingrich of Georgia, and Rep- 
resentative Henry J. Hyde of 
Illinois, Republicans who have 


criticized the legislation. After 
tbe meeting, bom said that the 
president had agreed to signifi- 
cant cuts in the $7 billion in 
crime prevention programs that 
Republicans have said is in- 
tended purely for political gain. 

“Today I think they took a 
wiser course,” Mr. Gingrich 
said. 

But White House officials 
said the president had agreed 
only to consider compromises 
m the prevention spending. 

“The president made dear 
his nonnegotiable commitment 
to effective prevention pro- 
grams," tbe While House chief 
of staff, Leon E. Panetta, said. 

The Thesday session, Mr. 
Qin ton’s first with House lead- 
ers after refusing to see them for 


More Information Is Sought 
On Role of Simpson’s Friend 


Las Angeles Times Service 

LOS ANGELES — The Los 
Angeles County district attor- 
ney's office has issued subpoe- 
nas for witnesses who may have 
information about the events 
leading up to OJ. Simpson’s 
failure to surrender June 17 and 
about his subsequent disap- 
pearance with a close friend, A1 
C. Cowlings, sources said. 

Five or six subpoenas have 
been distributed, said Donald 
Re, Mr. Cowlings’s lawyer. 
Others familiar with the case 
said prosecutors were seeking 
information from witnesses 
who may have information 
about Mr. Cowlings’s role in 
the events of that day. 

Mr. Cowlings drove tbe vehi- 
cle Mr. Simpson rode in during 
a nationally televised freeway 
chase. Prosecutors have yet to 


decide whether to press charges 
against Mr. Cowlings. 

Prosecutors may not use evi- 
dence obtained in one grand 
jury investigation to assist in 
the prosecution of a defendant 
who already has been ordered 
to stand tnaL That means evi- 
1 dence gathered by the Cowlings 
grand jury technically could not 
be used against Mr. Simpson. 

Lawyers were expected in 
court Wednesday in the Simp- 
son cast A day earlier, they 
submitted questionnaires (hat 
they wanted prospective jurors 
to complete as part of what was 
expected to be a difficult selec- 


tion process, given the publicity 
surrounding the 


surrounding the case. 

Mr. Simpson, 47, has pleaded 
not guilty to murdering his for- 
mer wife Nicole Brown Simp- 
son and her friend Ronald L. 
Goldman. 


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four days, opened a new phase 
in negotiations. 

[Momentum appeared to be 
shifting Wednesday toward 
passage of the crime bill, and 
Vice President A1 Gore prom- 
ised compromises aimed at win- 
ning Republican support. The 
Associated Press reported from 
Washington.] 

But with prospects apparent- 
ly improving that the House 
might pass a crime bill. Senate 
Republicans stepped up their 
criticism of tbe legislation and 
demanded major changes. 

Mr. Panetta said that the 
president would not accept any 
major change in the ban on as- 
sault weapons but that other, 
“very minor" changes would be 
accepted. 

“We are consulting with 
members of both parties about 
possible minor modifications 
— not radical," the speaker of 
the House, Thomas S. Foley, 
said. The Washington Demo- 
crat said consultations would 
take place in the next couple of 
days, which would allow for a 
vote by the end of the week. 

Mr. Clinton also met with a- 
freshman representative. Geo 


Fields, a member of the Con- 
rional Black Caucus. The 
misiana Democrat was one of 
10 caucus members who voted 
against the rule Thursday. They 

r ase the bill’s expansion of 
deaLh penalty and lack or 
legislation regarding racial bias 
in death sentences. 


Tbe rule was rejected, 225 lo 
210. Ever since, the White 
House and Democratic leaders 
have been searching for ways to 
win over at least eight votes. 

Advocates of the bill had 
hoped four days of lobbying by 
Mr. Clinton would persuade 
eight House members to change 
their votes without any alter- 
ations in the legislation. But 
Mr. Foley and administration 
officials lost hope Tuesday. 


Most administration officials 
continued to suggest thaL Re- 
publicans offered the biggest 
hope for a White House victory. 


A Republican congressional 
source said that the White 
House was “making some prog- 
ress with Republicans because 
many were in tough situations 
and wanted to find a way to 
vote for this bill." 


Away From Politics 


• The National Aeronautics and Space Administration re- 
solved equipment problems and proceeded toward a Thurs- 
day launch of the space shuttle Endeavour on an Earth- 
monitoring mission. Forecasters gave an 80 percent chance of 
good weather for the scheduled 6:54 A.M. uft-off from Cape 
Canaveral, Florida. 

• Money ma gazin e has again named Jackson, Michigan, as the 
worst place lo live in America, ahead of Flint, Michigan; 
Saginaw-Bay City-Midland. Michigan, and Rockford, Illi- 
nois. Heading tbe list of the “Best Places to Live in America,” 
as ranked by the magazine’s readers based on 43 criteria, were 
Raleigh-Durbam, North Carolina; Rochester, Minnesota, 
and two metropolitan areas in Utah, Provo- Orem and Salt 
Lake City-Ogden. 

• At least 18 people were hurt in a tropical storm that tore 
through several southeastern slates, unleashing heavy rain 
and tornadoes. Tropical Storm Beryl was the second this 
season, following last month’s Tropical Storm Alberto, which 
was blamed for 31 deaths. 

• More than 1,600 fire fighters from throughout California 
battled the state's worst wildfire of the season, an arson- 
sparked blaze in rural hilly San Luis Obispo County that has 
claimed 18 bouses. 

• A small plane crashed tail-first into a bouse in Waynesboro, 
Pennsylvania, killing four people and starting a fire that 
burned the house to the ground. The couple who lived in the 
the bouse died in the crash, along with two people aboard the 
twin-engine Cessna. 


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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


** 


With Khmer Rouge, Officials, Too, Sniff Profit in Kidnapping 


By William Branigin 

Washington Past Service 

KAMPOT, Cambodia — A 
hostage drama in this southern 
Cambodian province has 
spawned a cottage industry in 
which corrupt military and 
government officials are com- 
peting to profit from the plight 
of three young Western tour- 
ists held by Khmer Rouge 
guerrillas. 

The brazen attempts of offi- 
cials to extract money have 
jeopardized efforts to obtain 
the release of the three tourists 
and underscored the sort of 
social ills that led to the rise of 
the radical Communist guerril- 
la group in the 1970s, diplo- 
mats said. 

Corrupt local officials are 
working closely with their 
Khmer Rouge archenemies to 
share the spoils from such 
c riminal activities as train rob- 
beries, kidnapping and illegal 
logging, Cambodian and for- 
eign officials said. 

International attention fo- 
cused on the guerrilla group's 
involvement in kidnapping for 
ransom in March, mien an 
American woman working for 
a private aid organization was 
abducted, and again on July 
26, when the three tourists 
'were taken after a train hijack- 
ing. The American was re- 
leased in May, after negotia- 
tions with the Khmer Rouge 
commander in Kampoi Prov- 
ince, in return for a truckload 
of food, building materials and 


Other items, while the three 
backpackers from Australia, 
France and Britain are still be- 
ing held in a fortified Khmer 
Rouge village for a ransom 
originally set at about 
$138,000 worth of gold. 

The Khmer Rouge, which 
defeated a corrupt U.S.- 
backed administration in 1973 
and ruled with extreme brutal- 
ity until driven from power in 
1979. set up a “provisional 
government” in an enclave 
near the border with Thailand 
last month after it was formal- 
ly outlawed by Cambodia's 
new Parliament. The group 
last week denied having any- 
thing to do with the kidnap- 
ping of foreigners for ransom. 

But on Monday the Khmer 
Rouge conceded that its forces 
were holding (he three tourists 
and sought to attach a political 
motive to the affair. In a radio 
broadcast, the Khmer Rouge 
said the three men in their Late 
20s would be freed only when 
their governments publicly 
pledged not to provide mili- 
tary aid to Phnom Penh. The 
group set a deadline of Aug. 30 
for compliance and made no 
mention of a ransom. 

It is clear, however, that 
cash is the main factor moti- 
vating both the local Khmer 
Rouge kidnappers and offi- 
cials portraying themselves as 
would-be negotiators or rescu- 
ers. 

Last week, diplomats at one 
Western embassy were startled 


when Kampot’s provincial 
military intelligence chief. 
General Eng Hong, showed up 
with an offer to secure the bos- 
s’ release in return for a $1 
ion payment. 

The general had earlier of- 
fered to sell photos and letters 
from the hostages to Austra- 
lian reporters for $800. 

The three Western embas- 
sies involved have agreed not 
to pay ransom to or negotiate 
or have any contacts with the 
Khmer Rouge, to avoid setting 
a “bad precedent," a military 
attache said. 

But Reuters reported Tues- 
day that Prime Minister Prince 
Norodom Ranariddh of Cam- 
bodia had given $130,000 to 
officials overseeing Phnom 
Penh's negotiations with the 
Khmer Rouge in order to se- 
cure the release of the three. 

Diplomats have identified 
at least six groups of military 
or government officials seek- 
ing to act as go-betweens in the 
province, which is still effec- 
tively controlled by the for- 
merly communist Cambodian 
People's Party, which lost last 
year’s United Natious-supcr- 
vised elections. The competing 
efforts to cash in have disrupt- 
ed attempts by the central gov- 
ernment — ■ a shaky coalition 
between the royalist Funcin- 
pec party and the People’s Par- 
ty — to negotiate a ransom 
with the kidnappers and end 
the hostage situation, w'hich 
has helped to sabotage the 


, . . ■ ■ -Vs '.i-j, ... , 

\ : ■ 



DBBtNNcn/ai»ct n » n l*WW 

Cambodian boys pushing government soldiers down a railroad near where the Khmer Rouge took'toaristt hostage- . 


country’s tourism industry. In 
addition, an Information Min- 
istry official has been trying to 
sell videotapes of Cambodian 
troops firing artillery and 
rockets into the Khmer Rouge 


zone, about 90 miles (150 kilo- 
meters) from Phnom Penh, 
where the hostages are being 
held. 

The three hostages have 
pleaded with the government 


to halt military activity that 
they say is endangering their 

lives, diplomatic sources said, 
according to Reuters. 

The appeal was contained in 
a letter written by French hos- 


tage Jcan-Michd Braquet, 28, 
from Nice, and signed by all 
three. The other two hostages 
are Made Slater, 28. from Kit-, 
ain and David Wilson, 29, 
from Australia. 



Wins in 



Affiance Hedges 
Broad Changes 

By Molly Moore 

WasUngP* P«t Service 

NEW DELHI —Sri Lanka’s 
governing party has beat de- 
feated at die polls for the first 
time in 17 years, losing to an 
opposition coalition, that ac- 
cused the country’s leaders of 
corruption and human-rights vi- 
olations. ' 

With their economy ravaged 
by an Il-year-olddvtl war and 
neariy continuous political vio- 
lence, Sri Lankan voters gave a 
slight edge to the People’s Alli- 
ance. 

The opposition coalition won 
105 of the 113 seats needed to 
. control Parliament, and the rul- 
ing party claimed 94 seats, 
^hesident Dingiri Banda Wi- 
jetunga, who has sought to 
forge a. rating United National 
Party alliance with smaller 
groups to form a government, 
was expected to call off these 
attempts Thursday and ask 
rihanrtriVn RanHuratiaflce Ku- 

of the People’s Alii- 


Russia’s Huge Nuclear Industry in a Frightening State of Flux 


By Steve Coll 

Washington Post Serrice 

VIENNA — Internationa] nuclear 
inspectors traveling through Ukraine 
ana Kazakhstan in the last few months 
took an extended, up-close look at the 
management of sensitive nuclear mate- 
rials in the former Soviet Union. 
Sometimes, they could hardly believe 
what they saw. 

In some civilian plants, they found 
bomb-sized caches of highly enriched 
uranium lying around in open-access 
storage rooms, according to people fa- 
miliar with the visits. Sizable quanti- 
ties of weapons-grade material — 
more than would seem appropriate for 
pure scientific work — were held by 
low-security civilian laboratories. In a 
few cases, inventory control seemed 
nearly nonexistent 

And in a sense, this was the good 
news: The inspectors were present be- 
cause the governments of Ukraine and 
Kazakhstan have pledged to forswear 
nuclear weapons and restore order in 
their nuclear sectors, and have invited 
outride inspections to help account for 
their sensitive materials. In neighbor- 
ing Russia, where the huge majority of . 


the former Soviet nuclear weapons' 
network is situated, nothing compara- 
ble is under way or likely soon. 

Western fears about the decayed 
state of nuclear controls in the former 
Soviet Union have been renewed in 
recent days by the seizure in Germany 
of three batches of smuggled weapons- 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

grade nuclear materials. Pre liminar y 
evidence suggests that although the 
materials probably did not come di- 
rectly from Russian nuclear warheads, 
they do appear to have originated in 
Russ an military nuclear facilities, ac- 
cording to officials familiar with the 
investigations. 

Russia’s military has a long and 
credible Cold War-era record in pre- 
venting nuclear proliferation. But as 
Western governments seek assurances 
and answers from Moscow about the 
latest smuggling cases, both sides may 
find they have limited tools to solve the 
smuggling problem, according to offi- 
cials and nuclear specialists. 

Partly that is because the control 
problems in post-Soviet nuclear facili- 


ties reflect the same economic, crimi- 
nal and social problems that afflict 
many other institutions in Russia and 
which are beyond anyone's ability to 
fix quickly. In addition, Russia also 
has specific problems is the field of 
nuclear management known to spe- 
cialists as “physical protection.” 

Russia’s administration of its nucle- 
ar plants is in dux. In the Soviet era, 
when the secretive nuclear weapons 
network was known euphemistically as 
the Ministry for Medium Machine 
Building, a police unit from the Interi- 
or Ministry provided physical protec- 
tion of nuclear materials with support 
from the KGB. according to officials 
involved with the system. 

Now the nuclear industry has been 
reorganized under a new ministry 
called Minatom. The Interior Ministry 
and the secret police agency have been 
spht and reorganized, and ihe armed 
forces have a redefined role in a fledg- 
ling democracy. Even Russian officials 
involved with nuclear proliferation is- 
sues are not exactly sure who is sup- 
posed to do what in the physical pro- 
tection area these days. And where the 
lines of authority are clear, rival minis- 


tries and police forces in the still- 
evolving Russian federal system pro- 
mote an atmosphere of disarray, 
outside analysts say. 

The full story of Soviet nuclear 
weapons production remains shroud- 
ed. But the relative openness of the last 
three years has allowed outriders to 

glimpse a stunning landscape of weap- 
ons- related facilities where managers 
seem to have approached production 
of nuclear bomb materials as if they 
were running Stalinist tractor fac- 
tories. Goaded by ambitious five-year 
plans, they seem to have adopted “the 
more, the better” as a guiding princi- 
ple. 

International inspectors saw the leg- 
acy of this approach, and its recent 
collapse, during their tours of Kazakh- 
stan and Ukraine this summer. Weap- 
ons-grade materials sometimes were 
scattered in improbable locales, people 
familiar with the visits said. 

Russia, the United States and many 
other countries have pledged to abide 
by a 1980 international convention on 
the physical protection of nuclear ma- 
terials. In theory, the treaty contains 
the rules and commitments needed to 


ensure that nuclear materials are se- 
curely transported and stored. 

But in practice, the treaty has few 
teeth because the countries that have 
nuclear weapons, including Russia and 
the United States, will not permit inde- 
pendent inspection of their military or 
ci vilian nuclear facilities. 

Even before the recent smuggling 
cases, the need to strengthen and reaf- 
firm the physical protection treaty was 
set to be dismissed at the International 
Atomic Energy Agency’s board of gov- 
ernors meeting in September. 

Since the Soviet Union collapsed, 
the United States and its European 
allies have adopted a number of bilat- 
eral aid programs designed to plug 
these holes. Negotiations and pro- 
grams are under way to purchase ex- 
cess stocks of Soviet-made bomb ma- 
terials, employ nuclear scientists and 
rehabilitate the civilian nuclear energy 
sector. But these schemes are some- 
times entangled with sensitive^ conten- 
tious nuclear arms control negotia - 
tions. And, in any event; they do nor 
provide for independent, on-site- in->. 
specuons dedicated to nuclear safe- 
guards issues. 


Carlos, 6 No Squealer,’ Won’t Betray Backers, His Lawyer Says 


U.S. Condition 
ForNewReaetor 
In North Korea 

Paten 

SEOUL — - President Bill 
Clinton said Wednesday that 
experts would have to inspect 
two undeclared nuclear sites in 
North Korea before the West 
could provide Pyongyang with 
a modern nuclear reactor, a 
South Korean spokesman said. 

Mr. Clinton telephoned Pres- 
ident Kim Young Sam of Sou* 
Korea to discuss the agreement 
reached last week between the 
United States and North Ko- 
rea. The accord outlined a pos- 
sible resolution of the standoff- 
over Pyongyang's suspected rat- 
dear arms program. 

“The two leaders agreed spe- 
cial inspection is needed before 
a light-water reactor can be pro- 
vided to North Korea,” Mr. 
Kim's spokesman said.’ ' V 
--At talks with the -United 
StSbs in Genera, Norfh'Karta 
agreed to faeeze^j^ gq i p frjto- 
moderated nuclear program in 
return for a new light-water re- 
actor system and alternative en- 
ergy supplies until new reactors % 
come on line. 


Canpikd by Our Staff From Dispatches 

PARIS — Although Carlos is 
well aware that he could spend 
the rest of his life in prison, he 
still believes he has a future and 
will defend his exploits in court, 
his lawyer said Wednesday. 

The lawyer, Jacques Verges. 


said Carlos, who is expected to 
be tried in France lor a 1982 
bomb attack and perhaps other 
acts, would not betray the de- 
tails of his contacts with ex- 
tremist groups and govern- 
ments — details badly wanted 
by Western intelligence. 


Mr. Verges, who met Carlos 
at La Same prison in central 
Paris for the second time since 
he was seized in Sudan on Sun- 
day and flown to France, said 
he would press for his client’s 
release on the grounds that he 
had been kidnapped. 


CARLOS: High Profiles Scorned by the New Assassins 


Continued from Page 1 

constantly in their community, not just pull off a 
spectacular every few months.” 

Ironically, the anonymity of Muslim terrorists 
makes them harder to track, without impeding 
their reach. The bomb at the World Trade Center 
in New York two years ago was apparently 
carried out by ordinary-seeming Muslims with 
Middle Eastern links. 

The timing of the decision to hand over Car- 
los, an American source said, may reflect new 
confidence among Muslim extremists about their 
capabilities. Recent bomb attacks on Jewish and 
Israeli targets in Buenos Aires and London have 
been blamed on Iranian-backed terrorists of the 
sort trained in secret camps in Sudan. 

For Sudan, a Palestinian source said, “hiding’ 
Carlos, even if he did nothing was drawing 
attention liable to interfere with your real 
business.” 


While asking to be removed from the U.S. 
blacklist of terrorist states, Sudan emphasized 
that handing over Carlos did not signal any 
change in its anti-Western stance. Its policy 
thrust, as defined by Hassan TourabL a radical 
Muslim ideologue in Khartoum, is Islamic revo- 
lution designed to sweep away false gods — 
including the Arab World's fascination with na- 
tionalism and Marxism. 

Those banners were brandished by Carlos's 
generation, including his mentor. Georges Ha- 
bash of the Popular Front for the Liberation of 
Palestine, and other Arab terrorists. Typically, 
most belonged to Christian minorities who 
sought secular modernization as a bar against 
Muslim do minati on. 

The from has condemned Sudan for “a cheap 
action against an international straggler who 
served liberation movements.” But Carlos's old 
companions in arms were virtually a lone voice. 


“He is out of action for the 
moment, but he is in good spir- 
its and not at all resigned to 
abandoning the future,” Mr. 
Verges said outside the prison. 

Carlos, whose real name is 
Ulich Ramirez Sanchez, had 
been remanded in custody and 
placed under investigation for a 
1982 car-bomb blast in Paris 
that killed one person. He had 
already been sentenced to life in 
prison in absentia by a French 
court for killing two French 
agents in 1975. 

Interior Minister Charles 
Pasqna has said Carlos was re- 
sponsible for 83 killings world- 
wide and at least 15 in France. 

Mr. Verges said Carlos's line 
of defense at his trial, which is 
not expected to take place for 
months, would be to justify bis 
struggle against Zionism and 
capitalism. 

“He will proudly defend his 
political and military straggle at 
his trial without going into de- 
tails,” Mr. Verges said. 

“It is obvious that Carlos is 
not a small-time criminal,” he 
continued. “If he acted — and 
you can contest the ideal — but 
it is out of political idealism.” 


“He is no squealer,” he add- 
ed, quashing speculation that 
the international guerrilla 
would betray the governments 
and shadowy groups that had 
backed him for two decades. 

As controversy grew over the 
way Carlos bad been seized in 
Sudan, Mr. Verges said his first 
step would be to declare the 
handover illegal despite 
France's claim that Carlos had 
been extradited. 

“He was not extradited, he 
was kidnapped,” Mr. Verges 
said. “The extradition is null 
and this man must be released.” 

France and Sudan deny any 
deal was struck. The only 
3-upon facts were that 
rlos was captured Sunday in 
Sudan and then flow'n to 
France. 

Carlos’s lawyers say that he 
was betrayed by Sudan's im- 
poverished Muslim government 
m exchange for cadi and possi- 
bly other benefits, and that be 
was drugged, bound and 
snatched from the country with 
little regard for the niceties of 
the law. That will be a central 
part of his defense. 

Press reports have said that 


France gave Sudan intelligence 
to help die government fight 
rebels m the south of the coun- 
try and suggested that France 
may also want Sudan's hdp in 
dealing with Muslim funda- 
mentalists in the Algerian crisis. 

Many Western governments, 
including France mid the Unit- 
ed States, say Sudan fosters ter- 
rorism. A militant Muslim jun- 
ta seized power there in 1989. 

Any proof of a deal would be 
acutely embarrassing to Paris, 
and both the French and Suda- 
nese governments have denied 
there was a trade-off. But they 
have given few details of Car- 
los’s capture. 

The other lawyer defending 
Carlos, Mourad Oussedik, said 
in a newspaper interview that 
he would file a suit for kidnap- 
ping against the French coun- 
terintelligence agency. 

Mr. Vergis. who defended 
Klans Barbie, the former Gesta- 
po chief in Lyon, and Carlos’s 
guerrilla girlfriend, Magdalena 
Kopp, in the 1980s. admitted 
that “in the current lynching 
atmosphere'* he had little 
chance of securing Carlos's 
freedom. (AP. Reuters) 


MARRYj Iafiefy Gqys in China 


Cwrin a rf from Page 1 

worker whose government- 
sponsored computer-dating ser- 
vice is swampedby eager men. 

“The girls are very happy 
with this service because they 
can set their standards vety- 
high for a prospective husband 
— intelligence, education, mon- 
ey — and then have a good 
chance of finding a man who 
meets their standards," she said 
with a grin that suggested there 
was justice in allot his. - 
“The mm always ask for 
beautiful girls, and I tdl than 
that they must be realistic,’' she 
said. “The goals they set must 
not be too high because there 
are not enough women.” 

Apart from having their pick 
of husbands, Chinese women 
may find another silver lining jn 
the numbers churned out by the. 
demographers. 

In newly capitalist China, 
people are being reminded that 
m the fine market, scarcity 
equals value. And so It could be 
for Chinese women after centu- 
ries in which the supply of po- . 
tential brides equaled demand. 


RWANDA: Fear Grips Tutsi as French Prepare to Go 


CoBtunied froa Page 1 
have died in Rwanda’s massa- 
cres, which began April 6 and 
lasted three months. Thousands 
are believed to have been killed 
in Cyangugu, in the stadium, in 
the churches, and in their 
homes as part of an orchestrat- 
ed campaign by Hutu extrem- 
ists to exterminate Rwanda’s 
Tutsi population. 

Nyarushishi camp was first 
Set up in April, when the Inter- 
national Committee of the Red 
Cross helped an initial group of 
3,000 Tutsi from the stadium to 
resettle here. The Tutsi were 
protected by local policemen, 
under the command of a pre- 
r ec£ a local government offi- 
dal. 

When France launched its 
Operation Turquoise rescue 
mission at the end of June, 
French troops took up the job 
of protecting the Tutsi, and 
thousands more were settled 
here, from the stadium and 
from other hiding places. 

Even though the Tutsi-led 
Rwanda Patriotic Front won 
the war last month and estab- 


lished a new government in die 
capital, Kigali, many of the 
Tutsi here are too frightened to 
leave: this is the only area of the 
country still not under Patriotic 
Front control 

“The population wants the 
RPF to come here directly,” 
said 29-year-old Dominique 
Dusengimana- “The RPF has 
won.” 

But for the moment, the plan 
is for the departing French 
troops to be replaced by a UN 
peacekeeping contingent, and 
for the zone to remain “demili- 
tarized.” 

UN “blue helmets" from 
Ethiopia have been given the 
assignment to come here in the 
hills outside Cyangugu to pro- 
tect the Tutsi from a resurgence 
of the killing . The hand-over is 
due this Sunday, with French 
troops scheduled to leave on 
Monday. 

But so far. at least, few of the 
Tutsi here seem fully aware of 

the change. And those who have 
heard the news are not im- 
pressed. 

“The French must be re- 


placed by a force just as 
strong.” Mr. Munyankindi said. 
“If it’s an African force, maybe 
the militia will infiltrate from 
Zaire, because the border won't 
be well guarded. And they will 
kill US again 

“We are afraid because the 
militia is regrouping, and the 
ex-army in Zaire is reorganiz- 
ing. They’re regrouping to take 
power. We want a large force to 
protect us.” 

He added, speaking of the 
UN troops, “There’s not a lot of 
confidence in them.” 

■ Ex-Soldiers Uneaten UN 

Former soldiers of Rwanda’s 
defeated Hutu army threatened 
UN relief staff with hand gre- 
nades at a refugee camp in east- 
ern Zaire on Wednesday, de- 
manding access to a food 
warehouse. Reuters reported 

The incident at Mugnnga 
camp lasted for about an hour 
until the soldiers were persuad- 
ed to give up. Panes Mourn tzis, 
spokesman for the UN High 
Commissioner for Refugees, 
said. 


Pope Plans 
Bosnia Visit 

Reuters 

VATICAN CITY — 
Pope John Paul II plans to 
visit the Bosnian capital 
Sarajevo, on Sept. 8, the 
Vatican announced 
Wednesday. 

An official statement 
said preparations for the 
visit, which the Pope has 
long said he wanted to 
make, were going ahead de- 
spite continued uncertainly 
about security in the Bosni- 
an capital 

The Vatican also an- 
nounced that the Polish- 
bora Pope would visit the 
Croatian capital Zagreb, 
on Sept. 10 and 11. 

That trip, timed to coin- 
cide with the 900th anni- 
versary of ihe foundation 
of the Archdiocese of Za- 
greb, is bound to be seen by 
predominantly Roman 
Catholic Croatia as setting 
the papal seal on its inde- 
pendence. 1 


BIRTHS: Family Planning Backed QUIT: Clinton Ally leaves Treasury 


Contfnaed from Page 1 

to an end," it says. “Fundamen- 
tal to this change in perception 
is women’s growing command 
of the means to manage their 
own fertility ” 

According to the report, to- 
day’s world population of 7.6 
billion is growing by 94 million 
people each year, the highest 
increase in history, even though 
the rate of increase has slowed 
in many parts of the wodd. 

Africa, the poorest continent, 
is growing by 2.9 percent a year, 
the fastest rate of any region. 
Asia still is the most populous 
region, with 60 percent of the 
total, but since 1950 Africa has 
batten out Europe for second 
place and will have one-fifth of 
the world’s population tty 2015. 

The United Nations projects 
that family-planning efforts 
could reduce the growth rate 
enough to make a difference of 
as much as 22 billion fewer 
people by 2050, equivalent to 
the earth’s entire population in 
1950. * 

How to do it? The report re- 
flects an upheaval that took 


place in the last decade in 
thinking about population con- 
trol. It chastises traditional 
population groups and govern- 
ments that work from quotas 
for distributing contraceptives, 
saying their programs are 
“doomed to failure.” 

Instead, it asserts, it is crucial 
to improve the overall status of 
women by promoting their edu- 
cation aim providing a range of 
health services, including but 
not limited to family planning. 
Studies have shown that women 
who have basic health care and 
the option of controfling their 
births choose to have smaller 
families, the report says. 

“Women have been and still 
are disregarded for everything 
they do apart from having chil- 
dren, preferably boys,” said 
Nafis Sadik, the executive di- 
rector of the UN group and 
secretary-general of the Cairo 
conference, at a news confer- 
ence Wednesday in London. “If 
we had paid more attention to 
empowering women 30 years 
ago we might not have to battle 
so hard for sustainable develop- 
ment today.** she said. 


CMtanedfnnh(el 

recall having given her that di- 
rection. 

She was rebuked for not im- 
mediately correcting Mr. Alt- 
man’s testimony about White 
House contacts with Treasury 
officials, which later proved to 
be incomplete. 

Republicans have accused 
Mr. Altman of giving confiden- 
tial information about the 
Whitewater investigation to 
White House aides in February. 
He originally acknowledged a 
single contact on Whitewater, 
but later information showed 
there had been at least 40. 

Testifying this month, Mr. 
Altman said he regretted that 


: y 


ance toform the government. 

The election results are a 
blow not just to the United Na- 
tional Party but to President 
Wijctrmga. The opposition has 
pledged to reduce his broad 
powers. Hehas'had a difficult 
time holding ttis party together 
following the 1993 assassina- 
tion of President Ra n a an g h e 

Premadasa. 

Tn recent, years, the small is- 
land nation to been the scene 
of brutal political crackdowns 
by the government against in- 
surgents: International human 
rights organizations have 
charged that the government 
has ured death squads to kill 
thousands of innocent citizens 
in their searches far guerrillas. 

At; the same time, a violent 
crvil war has raged cm the north- 
ern, end of the island, where the 
guerrillas of the Tamil Tigers 
■are fighting for independence. 

. Tim Tigers are accused of dis- 
patching the suicide bomber 
who assassinated Mr. Prema- 
dam during aparade just over a 
year ago. 

The ruling government has 
refused to enter into negotia- 
tions with the Tigers to end the 
war, which has claimed an esti- 
mate! 35,000 lives. The opposi- 
tion party campaigned on a 
pledge to open-negotiations. - 

An estimated 70 people died 
-in 'preelection shootings and 
bombings, prompting the ruling 
party to reimpose a police 
emergency - on Lhe country, 
which had been lifted for the 
monthlong campaign. 


? 



v* -• 


9 jC, ■ 


and they could be — and were 
— treated as chattel 

“I do think that to some ex- 
tent this shortage of women will 
play a positive role in improv- 
ing the status of all women,” 
said Guo Daofu, an economist 
in the State Statistical Bureau. 
“I think this will lead to 
changes in society. Men win 
have to become more open- 
minded.” 

“There is a saying in the b 
countryside that a man who 
marries a woman who is three 
years older has found a bar of 
gold — that he can benefit from 
her maturity,” Mr. Guo said. 
“Now, I think many more men 
will act.” 

‘T'lris discrepancy between 
the sexes is a matter of serious 
discussion among our govern- 
ment leaders,” said Wang Wes, 
a professor of ethics at People's 
University in Beijing. 

He pointed to abductions in ' 
which caty women are seized 
and delivered to fanners des-. 
perate for brides. 

“You could see more of 
that,” 1» said. 


t-ct; . 


n 

»?»•* 




•:n* 

Stvt 


4 


pear too nanow or periiaps in- 
complete:” 

Mr. Altman was one of the 
first administration officials to 
get involved in the Whitewater 
affair. As acting head of the 
Resolution Trust Corp, which 


— . — — 1TUIU1 

was investigating a failed Ar- 
Vontac and loan with 


ties to the CHntons, he faxed 
some newspaper articles on the 


matter to Bernard M. Nuss- 
baum, at that time the White 
House counsel 

_ Mr. Altman told Congress he 
-did not recall sending the fax, 
and Mr. Nussbanm said he did 
not recall receiving it. Congres- 
sional investigators recovered it 
from White House files, and 
Republicans suggested that it 
indicated that the- White House 
knewof the investigation earlier 
than it has claimed. 

Mr. Altman removed himself 
from the Whitewater investiga- 
tion only after being pressed by 
Mr. Nussbaum sot to do so. 
Critics contended that the 
White House wanted to keep a ▼ 
political supporter in charge of 
the investigation. 

Mr. Nussbaum, another old 
Clinton friend, resigned under 
pressure this spring. 

Mr, Altman told lawmakers 
that he was not aware of most 
rafee contacts between the 
Whit e Ho use and the Treasury 
uspartment and had forgotten 
about others. He apologized in 
wntmg to the president about 
toe way he handled the matter. 






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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


Page, 5 


Some PuU at Mexico’s Polls 


Ruling Party Has a Heavy Hand to Exercise 


By Tod Rokbetson : • 

Washington Post Service v 

. MEXICO CITY i—Luus Gti- 
ti&rez drives the streets of tfie.' 
Mexican capital with two big 
banners oh btsj^eng^ns 

Ponce de Le6a as the only pres- 
idential candidate who can 
guarantee continued prosperity 
for Mexico. . - . 

It is not necessarily because 
-be wants the candidate of rite 


-tionaiy Party to win, Mr. Gu- 
tMrrez says, but because 
rials threat 


officials threatened to wit 

special government permits if 
ns refused to display the five 


Such tactics have posed a di- 
lemma for President Carlos Sa- 
linas de; Gortari, who has staked 
his reputation on ensuring that 
r these elections are the cleanest 
in Mexican history. - 
^Whriehebasnotcan^iaigned 
openly for Mr, Zedillo, Mr. Sa- 
lmas argpes that he is the one 

most jSkely to carry on Mr. Sali- 
nas's far-reaching program and 
to ensmxrriiat Mexico con unues 
its brisintss^&iendly trade prac- 
tices...' 

But Mr. Zedillo's candidacy 
was slow to attract voters, ac- 


Isaias Minder, a rural dwell- 
er, says he is worried that his 
application far a government 
farm loan will be denied if- Mr. 
Zedillo loses or if he votes for 
any other candidate: He knows 
his ballot win be .confidential, 
but he says that when he ap- 
plied for his loan he was forced 
to submit a copy of his voter's 
credentials to a union con- 
trolled by the party, which' is 
known as the PRI. 

“The PRI is the govern- 
ment,” Mr. Mfcndez. said. “They 
have ways of tracing' these 


The PRI is the 
government. They 




tracing these 
things.’ 
haiaBMted»E,wfab 
tears for Ua farm loan. 


I though incumbents fre- 
enjoy an advantage at 
— J dme, few political par- 
ties come close to matrhipg the 
financial and logistical re- 
sources available to the PRI — 
as has been clear in the cam- 
paigning far Sunday’sdections. 

Mexicans say that after 65 
years of PRI presidents, (rid 
.voting habits die hard. But in 
case voters are thinking of 
breaking with the party this 
year, officials are mtfog threats, 
pressure and bribcay to keep 
them inline: - 


corduigto opinion polls, forc- 
ing the party 'to switch' strate- 

■ A 

Opposition parties complain 
that highly touted revisions of 
electoral rides, engineered by 
Mr. Salmas earlier this year, 
have done fittfe to rein in the 
ruling party.' In fact, they con- 
tend, Mr. Salmas has worked 
behind the scenes to ensure that 
the. PRI main tarns its lopsided 
advantage over the competi- 
tion. 

In March erf last year, the 
Mexican president summoned 
30 of Mexico's wealthiest busi- 
nessmen toa dinner at which he 
prodded them to make dona- 
tions averaging S25 million 
apiece to help the party attain 
financial independence from 
the government; This was ac- 


knowledged by offi dais of both 
the party and the government. 

When news of the dinner was 
leaked to the press, most 
pledges of donations dissipated. 

Since then, Mr. Salinas has 
looked the other way as -Mexi- 
co's biggest corporations donat- 
ed office space, executive jets, 
free advertising space and other 
favors to Mr. Zedillo's cam- 
paign. 

Mr. Zedillo's popular prede- 
cessor as die PRJTs presidential 
candidate, Luis Donaldo Ctrio- 
sio Mur rieta, pledged repeated- 
ly before he was agsa«frinau»d 
March 23 that he would not 
accept any such corporate do- 
nations and would striedy limit 
his campaign expenditures. In- 
stead of using private jets, he 
chose to travel by commercial 
airliner or by bus. 

But PRI officials say Mr. Ze- 
dillo was forced to abandon Mr. 
Coloao’s program because erf 
the disadvantages be faced in 
entering the campaign late, fol- 
lowing the assassination. Mr. 
Zedillo also lacked Mr. Colo- 
sio’s charisma and national 
stature, officials said. 

The opposition Democratic 
Revolutionary Party formally 
charged last week that 11 PRI 
governors had used their state 
offices to promote the candida- 
cies of Mr. Zedillo and party 
members seeking legislative 
seats. 

National Actios also has 
Seda formal complaint against 
Foreign Minister Manuel TeDo 
Macias, charging that he is us- 
ing Mexican embassies and 
consulates worldwide to pro- 
mote the PRI. 

Senior officials of the govern- 
ment. and ruling party argue 
that separating tine two entities 
after 65 years of union is a diffi- 
cult and slow process. 



UN Envoy to Deliver 
A Warning to Haiti 


By Daniel Williams 

fVasfnnpon Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The UN 
secretary -general. Buttes Bu- 
rros Ghali, will soon delegate an 
envoy to warn Haiti’s military 
rulers to step down or face an 
American invasion, officials 
said here. 

The envoy will not engage in 
negotiations with the army offi- 
cers, nor will he deliver a dead- 
line for them to leave power. 
U.S. officials said. 

The United Nations Security 
Council has approved a resolu- 
tion authorizing an invasion of 
the island if necessary to restore 
exiled President Jean- Bertrand 
Aristide to power. 

“It is my intention to send a 
mission to Haiti to try to con- 
vince the military people to im- 
plement” the ClN resolution 
peacefully, “so that we may 
avoid military intervention," 
Mr. Butros Ghali said during a 
visit to Canada. 

An invasion, if mounted, 
could come as early as mid- 
September, U.S. officials say. 
The UN resolution calls for the 
action to be undertaken by an 
international force, but U.S. of- 
ficials acknowledge an invasion 
would be staged almost exclu- 
sively by U.S. troops. 

The UN. analysts say. is cau- 
tious about endorsing invasions 
designed not to crush a threat to 
world peace but to rearrange a 
country's iniern&l politics. 


Sending a message of warning 
permits the UN to say it ex- 
hausted peaceful options. 

For the job, Mr. Butros Ghali 
favors Dame Caputo, a former 
foreign minister of Argentina. 


Caribbean Force Readied 


Prime Minister P,J. Patter- 
son of Jamaica says a group of 
Caribbean countries is prepar- 
ing to send 300 soldiers to par- 
ticipate in a peacekeeping force 
in Haiti once democracy is re- 
stored there, the Associated 
Press reported from Kingston. 

He did not say which of the 
13 member states of the Carib- 
bean Community were set lo 
send troops. Jamaica, Guyana, 
and Trinidad and Tobago have 
previously said they would par- 
ticipate in a force to restore 
order after an invasion. 


Trials of Abortion Pill 


Suspended in Australia 

The Associated Press 

CANBERRA — Doctors 
suspended trials of the abortion 
pill RU-486 Wednesday after 
the government said women 
taking part might not have been 
properly informed of possible 
side effects. 

The trials, which started ear- 
lier this month, were to help the 
government decide whether the 
pill should be marketed in Aus- 
tralia. 


Mjjti/Vw’Apfnic Frarart-Pres-K- 

There are sagos that the deck is stacked in favor of the incumbents in Mexico's elections. 


Henry Geldzahler, New York Curator and Modem Art Backer, Is Dead at 59 


Nfw York Timet Service 

NEW YORK — Henry 
Geldzahler, 59, the curator, 
critic and pubfic official whose 
enthusiastic advocacy of con- 
temporary art made his name 
synonymous with the art scene 
in New York for three decades, 
died Tuesday at his home in 
Southampton, New YodCTbe 
cause of death was cancer, said 
Kay Beannan, a longtime 
friend. 


2960s through the 1980s, to be 
at the nexus of art and public 
affairs. . 


controversial art curator alive." 


At once connoisseur and ac- 
tivist, Mr. Geldzahler seemed, 
for most of the period from the 


He began his career as a cura- 
tor of American an at the Met- 
ropolitan Museum of Art At 
the age of 33 he put together the 
museum's sweeping centennial 
exhibition, “New York Paint- 
ing and Sculpture: 1940-197%” 
a mgidy personal selection of 
408 works by 43 artists that 
thrust rise Met into the swiriing 
currents of modem art and led 
floe journalist to call Mr. Geld- 
zahler “the most powerful and 


In 1966, he served as the U.S. 
commissioner to the Venice 
Biennale, for which he selected 
the American artists to be ex- 
hibited, and that same year he 
took a leave of absence from the 
Met to become the first director 
of the . visual-arts program of 
the National Endowment for 
the Arts. 

In 1977, he was appointed by 
Mayra* Edward I. Koch to be 
the commissioner of cultural af- 
fairs for New York City, a post 
he held, for five years: 


An omnipresent figure on the 
social scene, be was a close 
friend of many artists, and his 
rotund, bearded figure made 
him a favorite subject of their 
work. Mr. Geldzahler was near- 
ly as well known for a celebrat- 
ed portrait of him and his friend 
Christopher Scott, painted in 
1969 by David Hockney, as for 
any of his accomplishments. 


Bffly Wilson, 59, the director 
and choreographer of “Bub- 
bling Brown Sugar" and other 
Broadway musicals, died Sun- 
day at Sl Vincent’s Hospital in 
Manhattan. The cause was 
AIDS, said his daughter. Alexis 
Wilson. 


retired lieutenant commander 
and Australia's most decorated 
World War II naval officer, has 
died, the navy said Wednesday. 
He died Aug. 7. the navy said, 
but did not give the cause. 


Pop artists like Andy War- 
hoi, Roy Lichtenstein. James 
Rosenquist and Claes Olden- 
burg were the first beneficiaries 
of Mr. Gel dzahier’s evangelism. 


Jerome Minskoff, 78. a New 
York real-estate developer, the- 
ater owner, and Broadway pro- 
ducer, died Saturday in London 
of a heart attack, said his son, 
Steven. 


Leonard Goldsworthy, 85. a 


Paid Anderson. 61, once rec- 
ognized as the strongest man in 
the world, died Monday at a 
Vidalia, Georgia, hospital after 
a long struggle with kidney fail- 
ure and arthritis. Mr. Anderson 
set nine world records and 18 
American records in weightlift- 
ing in the 1950s. 


For inve s tment i nformat i on, 

■ '..■■'read ■ 


THE 


REPORT 


every Saturday 
in the BHT. 



INTERNATIONAL RECRUITMENT 


International Sport 
Federation 


located in Switzerland 
seeks its - 


Hitan 

OF 

Legal 

Department 


Main respa osib&tifli include 
Asa thing of ah legal matters 
regarding the sport, including 
Statutes and General Hegntatkaa of 
the Federation, disciplinary 
actcmi, tegalkdrioe tocanmnSees 
atrtmBptfaNadpttd ft d m ii ^ 
sponsorship contracts. 
Rwprireamrtte Omreontr degree 
m avil law (knowledge dL examoa 
law would be an advantage), 
compfotefy fluent in English ami 
Fracch, «-rcraJ years experience 
in one or more ol the above 
mentioned fields of activities 
(preference will be given to a 
candidate, with experience in 
turn nun rial matters), jtteritty 35-40 
years old. 

P ^UpigdatK asaopaMpoenblB. 
Salary *. CHF 120.000 na. 


riimM mail 


Interestedi 

complete C.V. and i _ 
documents to: BoxD 150, 
International Herald Tribune, 
181 siw.CawrfeadeGanfle, 
92200 ItoofflyenrSeine. 



United Nations Children's Fund 


The United Nations' Children's Fund with headquarters in New 
York and offices throughout the world, seeks qualified candi- 
dates far the following position: 


CHIEF, EDUCATION (L-5) 

. New Delhi, INDIA 


UNICEF has been a driving force in creating a positive momen- 


tum in India for universalizing primary education. The coming 


years will be very critical for UNICEF to give a professional 

: 100 million children 


support to 1 the government and the almost 
who still 


i still are deprived of primary education. The incumbent is 
responsible for the overall development and coordination of 
UNICEF's programme of cooperation in the field of basic educa- 
tion in India, Inducing advocacy, social mob&zatlon, formulation 


of overall policies and programme strategies especially In 
' for the monitoring and evaluation of 


primary education, and 
their progress^ 


Minimum Qualifications: Advanced university degree in educa- 
ted fields. 1 


tion or specialized advanced training in related fields. Ten years 


of professional experience in the planning and Implementation 
-erf basic i 


. . j education programmes in developing countries. Good 
management, interpersonal and communication skills. Ability to 
advocate and undertake policy dialogue with senior officials. 


High degree of computer literacy. Fluency in EngEsh and another 
UN wondng'language. Knowledge of Hindi an asset 


UNICEF, as part of the United Nations common system, offers 
' competitive intern a tional salaries, benefits and aOowances. 

Please send detailed resume, in English, quoting reference VN- 
94-127 to: Recruitment & Placement Section, UNICEF, 3 United 
Nations Plaza, (H-5F), New York, NY 1 00 77, USA. 

Qualified women are encouraged to apply. Applications for 
this position must be received by September 1,1994. 
Acknowledgement will only be sent to short-listed candidates 
under serious consideration. 


UNICEF is a smoke-free environment. 


unicef 



United Nations Children's Fund 


The United Nations Children's Fund, with headquarters in New York 
and offices throughout the world, seeks qualified candidates for the 
foflowmg position: 


SENIOR PROJECT OFFICER (L-5) 

(WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION) 


New York, USA 


Within the framework of WES's support activities to Ihe water supply 
and sanitation components of UNICEF's cooperation in the develop- 
ing countries, develop and promote strategies and support 
programmes for enhancing and accelerating sanitation and hygiene 
activities, with emphasis on maximizing coverage as well as deriving 
health and social benefits in the most marginal rural and peri-urban 
communities, with attention to environmental concerns. 


Minimum Qualifications: Advanced university degree in public 
health, social science, environmental science, hydrogeology, civil 
and/or sanitary/environmental engineering. Ten years of professional 
work experience, a significant part of which must be in developing 
countries, in rural water supply and sanitation programmes, with in- 
depth knowledge and a wide background in ihe sanitation/hygiene 
elements. Proven skills in the social aspects of (he sector with 
reference to so dal mobilization, training, women's concerns and 
environmental aspects of the programme. Experience in communica- 
tion and behavioural change skills will be considered an asset. 
Fluency in English and Spanish or French. 


UNICEF, as part of the United Nations common system, offers 
competitive international salaries, benefits and allowances. 


Please send detailed resume, in English, quoting reference VN-94- 
193 to: Recruitment A Placement Section, UNICEF, 3 United Nations 
Plaza, (H-5F), New York, NY JOG 7 7, USA. 


Qualified women are encouraged to apply. Applications for 
this position must be received by September 1, 1994. 
Acknowledgement will only be sent to short-listed candidates under 
serious consideration. 


UNICEF is a smoke-free environment. 




Bloomberg 

BU5 1 NESS NEWS 


sn 


Reporters and Editors 


Bloomberg Business News, a 24-hour global news service, seeks reporters for 
bureaus in Europe, Asia and rhe Americas. 

Experienced newspaper and news agency desk editors 3re also sought for 
BEN'S London bureau. 

BBN's strategy is to marry rhe highest quality journalism to cutting-edge 
forms of news distribution. In addition to written stories, BBN reporters also 
contribute to Bloomberg’s radio station, television programmes and business 
magazines. 

Qualified reporter and editor applicants will have three ro five years 
experience in business journalism at a top newspaper or news service. Recent 
college graduates will in some cases be hired for the reporting jobs. 

Reporters are sought for: 

* STOCKHOLM and COPENHAGEN r To cover company and market news 
in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland. Fluency in Swedish and Danish is 
preferred but not required. 

* FRANKFURT - To cover German economy (experience required}, 
companies and markers. Some knowledge of German is required. 

* LONDON - To cover the U.K. economy, company and market news. 

* ZURICH - To cover financial markets and companies in Switzerland. 
German fluency is required. 

* VIENNA - To cover financial markets and companies. 

* MOSCOW - An experienced, Russian speaking reporter to open bureau. 

* WARSAW - An experienced, Polish speaking reporter to open bureau. 

* DUBAI - A fluent .Arab speaking reporter ro cover business and financial 
news in the Gulf Sra res. 

* TOKYO, SINGAPORE, JAKARTA and BOMBAY - To cover rhe markets, 
companies and economies of these countries. 

* CLEVELAND and CHICAGO - To cover companies and general business 
news in the regions. 

Interested applicants should send or fax resumes and any clips ro 
The Freshman Consultancy in London, quoting reference IHT/4. 


RESH M A N 


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Page 6 


THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 

OPINION 


Heralfc 


INTERNATIONAL 



Sribunc Wake Up Right Away to a 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Black Market Plutonium 


Like a leak in a dike, the trickle of 
smuggled plutonium turning up in Germa- 
ny is ominous all out of proportion to the 
small amounts involved. The shipments 
have the aspect of salesmen’s samples — 
just enough to show buyers that the smug- 
glers have pipelines to the real stuff. There 
is an unpleasant implication that the re- 
cently seized material may have been in- 
tended to set up larger deliveries. The only 
conceivable purpose of black market plu- 
tonium is to make nuclear weapons. 

The German authorities announced on 
Tuesday that they had confiscated two 
grams of weapons-grade plutonium from 
a suspect in Bremen — the fourth case of 
this kind in three months. The largest 
amount seized was the 300 grams of pluto- 
nium that arrived in a lead-lined suitcase 
on a plane from Moscow to Munich. Be- 
fore that, police arrested six smugglers 
with a gram of highly enriched uranium. 
Before that, they found five grams of plu- 
tonium in a garage near the Swiss border. 

One question is why all these discoveries 
have been in Germany. Perhaps it is be- 
cause these new trade routes involve for- 
mer East German secret police. But it is 
also possible that highly radioactive mate- 
rials are moving in all directions, and it ist 
only that the German authorities are more 
effective than others in intercepting them. 


You have to wonder whether similar ship- 
ments may be moving southward to Iran 
and elsewhere in the Middle East. 

Russia denies that it is the source of 
this radioactive contraband, but chemical 
analysis in Germany strongly suggests oth- 
erwise. The Russian military continues to 
assert that it has reliable control over its 
nuclear weapons, and fortunately there is 
no evidence to the contrary. But the rest of 
the former Soviet Union’s nuclear com- 
plex is an altogether different matter — 
the gigantic system of plants and laborato- 
ries producing and enriching nuclear ma- 
terials. Inflation has diminished salaries 
there to pittances. Morale is low in these 
plants, and discipline is ■ragging. 

Germ arty's Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
says he will send an envpy to Moscow to 
discuss the situation. The United States 
has been offering financial help. Bui not 
much of that money has actually been 
spent because of the chaos in Russia, and 
now the congressional appropriations 
committees are unwisely cutting back the 
amounts available. There is an increas- 
ingly urgent case for a much more muscu- 
lar (and expensive) international effort to 
ensure the security of Russia’s plutonium 
and enriched uranium — if the Russians 
can be persuaded to accept it 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


TT7ASH1NGTON — News 
VV item: Tmy Estonia is now 
the fourth largest exporter of 
copper in the world. Estonia has 
no copper mines. Nor does its 
trade balance show copper as a 
significant import. 

what do copper statistics have 
to do with loose nuclear war- 
heads? A lot, if you consider re- 
cent seizures of weapons-grade 
material in Ger man y. 

While attention has been rivet- 
ed on two-to-five small, “proba- 
ble’' nukes in North Korea, the 
United States and the rest of the 
world have fallen into a deep 
snooze on the formidable threat 
posed by more than 30,000 
known warheads lying about in 
Russia and Ukraine. Not (o men- 
tion as much as IJOO tons of 
weapons-grade nuclear material. 

Only two years ago there was 
much hand-wringing about the 
security threat posed by thou- 
sands of Russian warheads whose 
security and control were a mat- 
ter of international concern. Sci- 
entists and bomb builders had to 
be quickly employed in peaceful 

f iursuits. This resulted in a rush to 
und the International Science 
and Technology Center in Mos- 
cow in order to employ the Rus- 
sian weapons-of-mass-destruction 
crowd. Two years later, virtually 
no money has been spent. 


By John W. Kiser 3d and John Hines 


Granted, the Russian Parlia- 
ment had some reservations. But 
the US. concern was there. Where 
is it today? Was the problem 
solved? Did it go away? Or does it 
just seem too hopeless and too 
hard to engage seriously? 

One senses, in fact, a state of 
denial or perhaps wishful think- 
ing. US. security specialists must 
tiptoe gently around the topic. 
The status and security of all 
those Russian warheads, nuclear 
materials and bomb designers 
have been a very unwelcome 
question in Washington for sever- 
al months. Why? Because the 
problem is very big, very compli- 
cated and growing. And possibly 
expensive to solve. 

The Estonian copper statistics 
help to explain why. The borders 
of all the Baltic countries are as 
porous as sieves. Not only cop- 
per but steel, nickel, aluminum, 
chromium — you name it — 
have been streaming through a 
network of uncontrolled side 
roads, often glorified cow paths, 
away from border checkpoints. 

These unofficial crossings are 
“overlooked" by authorities; it is 
good business for all the Baltic 
countries with major ports. The 
incoming contraband traffic re- 
sults in huge port fees when 


loaded “officially’' outo ships. 

The. Russian underworld octo- 
pus is emerging as an all-purpose 
threat to worry about One that 
includes nuclear proliferation- Be- 
cause of the increasingly virulent 
c riminal element’s broad embrace, 
Russian mafiosi are able to bury 
nuckar-materials brokering in a 
mttange of drug trafficking .gang- 
ster networking and j^eoeral politi- 
cal corruption activities. 

But if copper is bang driven 
through Estonian borders at a 
rate that has catapulted that little- 
nation to title No. 4 exporter of 
the metal in the world, wfaal is to 
stop warheads and nuclear mate- 
rials from making the same pas- 
sage? Little, other than the possi- 
bility that the "entrepreneurs” 
still think they have better ways 
to make money. Others might 
even have patriotic scruples. 

But is it happening now? Most 
probably yes — in Estonia or 
somewhere else. Will it happen? 
Most definitely yes. 

The reason is simple. Hie mar- 
ket principle of supply and de- 
mand creates irresistible pres- 
sures. Owning nuclear weapons 
makes people fed important, 
commands “respect” and author- 
ity, and makes small countries 
major international players. One 


cannot pretend to profound in- 
sight in observing that a Russian 
nuclear security specialist earning 
perhaps $50 -a- month could be 
bought for, say, $I0,000 — which 
is popcorn money for the players 
in lius game; . 

All that is needed is opportuni- 
ty, which can also be bought in an 
increasingly corrupt system. Witb 
border controls, gone, national 
pride trashed arid an everybody- 
for-hirijself atmosphere, .the 
witches' bzew of proliferation; is 
in place— not someday, but now. 

One response should be to fo- 
cus on the .red. problem. The 
problem is not four to five War- 
beads mNcnth Korea. Intention- 
al or not, focusing on the North 
Korea is a dangerous diversion of 
attention from the 8,000-povnd 
nuclear gorilla next door whose 
nukes are as loose as aging teeth 
and can be pulled as easily. 

A year ago, 80 Russian nudear 
scientists and ballistics experts 
were apprehended by Russian au- 
thorities at Moscow’s Shereme- 
tyevo airport. They were on their 
way to North Korea. The scien- 
tists were prevented from leaving, 
but not punished. How many 
have not been apprehended? 

In late December, almost 800 
pounds of reportedly weapons- 
grade contraband (probably Rus- 
sian) uranium was confiscated in 


Carlos Over the Hill 


Mexico ’s Ruling Party Would Do Better to Lose 


The great wave of terrorism that swept 
Europe in the 1970s was essentially secu- 
lar, pro-Marxist or pro- Palestinian; the 
religious terrorism associated with Aya- 
tollah RuhoUah Khomeini and others 
came later, lllich Ramirez Sanchez, better 
known as Carlos the Jackal was the 
movement's fearsome embodiment, a 
cold-eyed zealot blamed for the death of 
83 people. But now that he has finally 
been apprehended in Sudan, the world's 
most wanted terrorist turns out to be 
smaller than life, figuratively the shadow 
of his old self. He appears to have been 
discarded by his former Arab patrons, and 
with the collapse of co mmunis m he seems 
to have had no place to run. In further 
insult to his reputation as arch- terrorist, 
authorities now dismiss as an exaggeration 
the widespread report that he played a 
major role in the 1972 slaughter of Israeli 
athletes at the Munich Olympics. 

His capture is a real victory for the 
democratic societies that his movement 
sought to demoralize. Americans, Europe- 
ans, Israelis and moderate Arabs became 
targets in a terror campaign waged by a 
clandestine network that hijacked planes, 
kidnapped hostages and bombed airports 
and rail terminals. That campaign was 
blunted by good police work and global 
cooperation, enabling governments to 
contend with greater confidence against 
more recent terrorist movements inspired 
by religious or ethnic fanaticism. 

With Carlos in the dock, it may finally 
be possible to determine the truth about 
tales of his prowess. Carlos at large would 


have forever remained a myth: the Vene- 
zu elan-born guerrilla who did indeed ab- 
duct II ministers attending an OPEC 
meeting in Vienna in 1975. the master of 
disguises who eluded capture as a wanted 
murderer in France and elsewhere, the 
clandestine conspirator who worked vari- 
ously with Germany's Baader-Meinhof 
gang and Palestinian groups based in 
Damascus or Tripoli 
Carlos would have served his cause bet- 
ter as a bullet-riddled corpse found after a 
.climactic shootout. Ins tead , as a revolu- 
tionary who saw hims elf as the agent of 
history, he was ironically undone by the 
fences of history; the demise of the Soviet 
empire and Saddam Hussein's defeat pro- 
vided an opening for peace between Israe- 
lis and Palestinians, rendering Carlos irrel- 
evant Moreover, since it could no longer 
count on Soviet help, Syria sought to be 
removed from the U.S. list of terrorist 
states, as did Sudan, the country that 
turned Carlos over to French authorities. 

In Damascus, after a decade of inac- 
tivity, Caries surely became an expend- 
able embarrassment Sudan's radical Is- 
lamic regime may have wanted to earn 
points with Europe and America by sacri- 
ficing him. As long as Washington struck 
no deals, and France offered no ransom, 
there was nothing inherently wrong with 
an attempt by Syria and Sudan to improve 
their reputations as responsible states. 
Carlos’s arrest is further evidence that the 
wind has changed in the Middle East 
shifting against the likes of the JackaL 
— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


L ONDON — 1 was living in Mexico when 
/I first heard this story. Hie Mexican 
cabinet was meeting to decide what to do 
about the country’s failing economy, and 
the finance minister came up with a bright 
idea; “Let's declare war on (he United 
States. Look at Japan and Germany. They 
declared war and killed lots of gringos. 
And when they lost the United States 
rebuilt their countries." 

“Yes,” said the Mexican president, “but 
what if we won?” 

That is now the question for Mexico's 
ruling party. Despite its impressive steps to 
ensure a fair election on Sunday, most! 
Mexicans believe that by hook or crook the 
Institutional Revolutionary Party will ex- 
tend its 65-year hold on the presidency. 
But a PR1 victory would be a recipe for 
violence and instability. 

For the Americans, the stakes are enor- 
mous. The U.S. Congress would almost 
certainly revoke the North American Free 
Trade Agreement. Trade with Mexico is 
already large and destined to become larg- 
er once NAFTA is fully implemented. U.S. 
exports to Mexico increased to $1 1.8 bil- 
lion during the first quarter of this year. 

By year’s end, NArTA will have pushed 
Mexico past Japan as the No. 2 trading 


By Stanley A. Weiss 

partner of the United States after Canada. 

Mexico is also a leading exporter of hu- 
mans, and the United States its leading 
client. Governor Pete Wilson of California 
has declared the state to be “under siege” by 
illegal aliens; the cost to taxpayers is said to 
be S3 billion a year in California alone. 

Despite a general amnesty in 1986, Texas 
now has more than 550,000 illegals; chain 
link fences already exist at most crossings 
between border cities, with a proposal for a 
new metal wall in El Paso. 

The 6,000 people who have joined the 
peasant rebels in Chiapas lor Mexico's ver- 
sion of Woodstock arepredicting dvfl war if 
the election is stolen. That may Be hyperbo- 
le, but it is worth noting that during the 
Mexican revolution and civil wars between 
1910 and 1922 more than 10 percent of the 
population of 13 million fled to the United, 
States. Now, with a population of 85 mil- 
lion, imag ine the level of mihtaiization nec- 
essary to control a similar flood of refugees 
streaming across the Rio Grande. 

And then there is the drag traffic. As 
much as $60 billion in drag money is laun- 
dered along the border each year. More than 


70 percent of the marijuana and cocaine 
imported into the United States cranes 
through Mexico. Political turmoil there 
would increase illegal drag activity and ex- 
act an enormous economic and social toll on 
every community in the United States. 

For once, there are viable alternatives to 
the PRTs handpicked choice for president, 
Ernesto Zedillo. The candidate of the cen- 
ter-right National Action Party (PAN), Die- 
go Fernandez, is a state senator and highly 
regarded lawyer. Cuauhtemoc C&rdenas, 
candidate of the leftist Party of the Demo- 
cratic Revolution (PRD), is also very much 
ra what has become a three-way race. 

To ensure peace and prosperity, the PRI 
should pull on one more dubious election— 
to make sure it loses. Only then win Mexi- 
cans believe the voting results. The United 
States and Mexico, along with. Canada; 
could then return to the business of promot- 
ing joint economic growth and creating the ' 
wand's largest unified mazkeL 

The writer, who lived and worked in Mexico 
for more than 20 years, is chairman of Ameri- 
can Premier Inc. and chairman of Business 
Executives for National Security, a US. orga- 
nization of business leaders. He contributed this f 
comment to the International Herald Tribune. 


Interest Rates: It Looks Like the Lull Before a Mighty Storm 


Woodstock Revisited 


By virtue of its enormous size — and 
its enormous buying power — the Wood- 
stock Generation (also known as the 
Baby Boomers) altered the cultural fabric 
as none before i u Makers of cars, clothing 
and movies traffic in its nostalgia, hoping 
to hit the fat and sassy target group 
squarely in the wallet. Nowhere is the tilt 
more evident than in rock music, the 
generation's signature art form. Once, 
pop music tunes came and went in a 
matter of weeks or months. These days 
you can make several stops along the 
radio dial and bear “classic rock" tunes, 
many of them more than a quarter of a 
century old. The casual listener might 
conclude that rock is no more — or at 
least that time stopped back in 1969. 
during the summer of Woodstock 1. 

Americans who grew up in the "60s had 
little in common musically with mom and 
dad. But today's twenty-somethings have 
grown up rocking to the same beat as their 
parents, and have thus been obsessed with 
the era that spawned the music and the 
concert event that defined it. 

The photographs of mud-covered con- 
certgoers at last weekend's Woodstock '94 
in rural Saugerties, New York, were al- 
most identical to those from the storm- 
drenched concert of 25 years ago. As if the 
mud weren't deja vu enough, Joe Cocker 
reprised his twitching rendition of “With a 
Little Help From My Friends,” and Cros- 
by,. Stills and Nash (minus Neil Young) 
exhumed “Woodstock” — a song about 
the' original concert There were other old 
Woodstock alumni like the Band. Reger 
McGuinn of the Byrds and — shades of 
old. old days — Hot Tuna. 

Thankfully, gray beards and nostalgia 
didn’t completely carry the day; the 
twenty-somethings had their say. The for- 


ty-something viewer learned some new 
band names; Blind Melon, the Violent 
Fenunes, Nine Inch Nails. In addition, the 
viewer learned the vert) “to mosh," which 
means to dance in large groups, colliding 
with each other and passing one another 
around on raised hands. 

The music is darker than at Woodstock 
L the dancing rougher, but so are the 
times. In the end, the 300,000 young peo- 
ple who slogged through Woodstock *94 
got what they came for the reenactment 
of a ritual whose mythology they were 
raised on; the grueling endurance contest 
with nature, and the bragging rights that 
come along with having survived it. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


T OKYO — By raising interest 
rates by half a percentage 
point, the Federal Reserve seems 
to have lulled financial and politi- 
cal centers in both Japan and the 
United States into believing that 
no further increases will be need- 
ed at least until late this year. Ely 
autumn, however, a very different 
situation wifi emerge to trouble 
stock and bond markets, foreign 
exchanges and irons- Pacific rela- 
tions. By then it will be dear that 
today's mid-summer quiet was but 
the calm before a mighty storm. 

In Tokyo, an unquestioning 
consensus is based on the view 
that Japan's trade surplus has 
peaked and is on its way down, 
while the economy is on its way 
up. Although Japanese interest 
rates bottomed toward the end of 
1993, the sharp climb that has 
occurred in the interval is widely 
seen as benign. 


By Kenneth S. Courtis 


An unnatural and uneasy alli- 
ance between the Socialist left 
and the liberal Democratic right 
appears to have put Japan on 
course for a period of political 
stability. It does not seem to mat- 
ter that the government has little 
virion or cohesion. 

Across the Pacific, Washington 
and Wall Street alike chatter 
about the new fundamentals. The 
UJ5. economy is strong and grow- 
ing, deficits are declining, invest- 
ment is up and America is getting 
back to work. In this view, neither 
the dollar's weakness nor infla- 
tion's recent strength are justifi- 
able, and so they will not last 

Rather than being cause for 
concern, the shrinking base of po- 
litical support for President Bill 
Clinton is seen as leading cot to 
bitter gridlock but to a more bal- 


anced and so, paradoxically, a. 
stronger administration. 

However, economies are grow- 
ing again in Europe and Japan. 
There is robust growth through- 
out East Asia ana continuing ex- 
pansion in North America. The 
long-term savings rates of all in- 
dustrialized nations, except Ja- 
pan, are declining, while debt lev- 
els are rising everywhere. As a 
result, interest rates are set to 
climb — and much higher than is . 
yet widely realized. 

The process has already start- 
ed. The Reserve Bank of Austra- 
lia raised interest rates by three- 
quarters of a point on Wednes- 
day, for the first time in five 
years. That followed the move by 
the Federal Reserve and recent 
increases by several European 
countries. Nations with the high- 


Tea All the News About HIV Disease 


One reason the British managed to 
rale Hong Kong as successfully as they 
have is that at least they sought to culti- 
vate public opinion ratber than strangle 
it; within such a system honest and au- 
tonomous voices have given invaluable 
airing to public grievances. 

Beijing, alas, has taken the opposite 
tack, judging from its Long March 
through any Hong Kong institution that 
looks like it might make even the slight- 
est show of independence, from the Leg- 
islative Council to the General Chamber 
of Commerce. With every passing year, 
the Hong Kong that China stands to 
inherit has fewer such voices raised on 
behalf of its freedoms. 

— Far Eastern Economic Review 
(Hong Kong). 



International Herald Tribune 

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N EW YORK— Quietly but 
persistently. AIDS has 
evolved into something quite 
different from the horrifying, 
un treatable illness of the early 
1980s. It is still a killer, but 
medical science has made major 
life-sus tainin g gains agains t 
AIDS-related infections. 

Unfortunately, the U.S. gov- 
ernment has largely ignored 
these successes. So have the me- 
dia. Almost every report from 
last week's international AIDS 
conference in Yokohama com- 
municated despair ratber than 
possibility. They should start 
emphasizing the triumphs of 
science, because the well-being 
of thousands of people with 
HTV is at stake. 

A good start would be to stop 
using «he term “AIDS." 

In 1981, before the syndrome 
AIDS even had a name, patients 
contracted mysterious, exotic 
conditions like Pneumocystis 
carinii pneumonia and Myco- 
bacterium avium complex, then 
they weakened until they died. 
Now both these conditions, and 
many others that afflict those 
with AIDS, are not only treat- 
able but preventable. 

There is, of course, still no 
cure for AIDS. But in many 
cases the related infections that 
actually kill people can be 
stepped through antibiotics. 

I know. I developed HIV-re- 
lated pneumonia 22 months ago 

and I nave recovered completely 

— well enough to jog two miles 
without stopping. A decade ago 
I probably would not have sur- 
vived for more than a few weeks. 


By Tom Stoddard 

In those days, this pneumonia 
accounted for most deaths 
caused by the virus in the United 
States. Today that number has 
plunged to kss than 3 percenL 

These heartening medical ad- 
vances, however, cannot assure 
that people wifi no longer die 
from preventable infections. 

In order to avoid acute ill- 
ness, those infected with the vi- 
rus must know that they have it, 
be able — and encouraged — to 
find doctors who specialize in 
their disease, see those doctors 
frequently and get medication. 

Yet many — perhaps most — 
people with HIV do not know 
there is any hope. They make no 
effort because so one has made 
a concerted effort to tell them 
the news fhaf treatments are 
now available. 

This was evident in a 1992 
study at Howard University 
Hospital in Washington, which 
disclosed that 41 percent of the 
people who died of AIDS in the 
hospital had never been diag- 
nosed with it. Some undoubted- 
ly died needlessly, not because 
the hospital gave them inade- 
quate care but because they nev ~ 
er came in for treatmenL 

Why don’t people who sus- 
pect that they might have AIDS 
come to doctors? In many cases, 
it is because they don't know 
there is hope. 

The government , in its Vic- 
torian way tells people to avoid 
dangerous sex ana dirty nee- 
dles, but it has no outreach or 


informational campaign direct- 
ed at those who are already in- 
fected. Some reporters — far 
fewer than five years ago — cov- 
er AIDS, but they rarely report 
the news that matters. 

Two stories have dominated 
coverage in recent months; the 
lack of progress in the search for 
a vaccine, and allegations that a 
dentist in Florida transmitted 
HIV to some patients. Good 
news simply isn’t reported. 

The very term “AIDS” is part 
of the problem. It connotes im- 
minent death and despair. Peo- 
ple with AIDS are simply writ- 
ten off. The term is not even 
medically very useful It cannot 
be applied to many of the peo- 
ple infected with HTV. 

According to the Centers for 
Disease Control and Preven- 
tion, AIDS is diagnosed only if 
an HIV-positive patient has one 
of a few specific infections or 
cancers or a low number of so- 
called helper cells in his or her 
blood. But people who do not 
meet that definition die of HIV- 
rdated ailments; and people 
who fit the definition — includ- 
ing me — can and do survive. 

“AIDS" has outlived its use- 
fulness. To mark the evolution 
of the illness into a condition 
that is susceptible to treatment, 
the condition should be rela- 
beled “HIV disease." Such a sig- 
nal of possibility could save lives. 

77k? writer, a lawyer, is on the 
board of directors of the Ameri- 
can Foundation for AIDS re- 
search. He contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Times. 


est levels of foreign debt have 
experienced the sharpest rise in 
interest rates this year. This has 
occurred even in conditions of 
continuing deflation, as theparipr 
ful experience of Canadia n mar- 
kets in the past six months shows. 

As economic momentum builds 
in Europe and Japan, pressure on 
interest rates will intensify, e spe- 
cially for higb-defidt economies. 
Such countries will then face the 
choice of allowing their curren- 
cies to fall or interest rates to rise 
further. Neither markets nor gov- 
ernments appear prepared for 
these developments. 

With interest rates rising 
around the world, global markets 
are set to become more depen- 
dent than before on funds from 
Japan, the major source of sur- 
plus capital for the international 
economy. Particularly important 
will be the smooth recycling of 
Japan’s external surpluses. Policy 
decisions made in Tokyo likely 
will taka on an international im- 
portance for which Japan's gov- 
ernment and pdlitidans are Large- 
ly unprepared. ... 

The outlook on the trade front 
is equally problematic. More than 
a year of negotiations between 
Japan and the United States to 
increase America’s access to the 
Japanese market and reduce its 
trade deficit have produced little 
in the way of concrete results. 
The clock is ticking on a dead- 
line at the end of September for 
the imposition of UJS. sanctions 
against Japan’s public-sector pro- 
curement practices. 

- With the two sides locked into 
opposite positions, and govern- 
ments in Tokyo and Washington 


seemingly too weak to change 
course quickly enough, it is in- 
creasingly likely dial the end of 
September will see a. major com- 
mercial dash across the Pacific. 

Markets would interpret such 
a confrontation to mean that the 
United States was left with no 
option but to exact from the cur- 
rency market what it was unable 
to get at the negotiating table, by 
forcing the yenliigher to make 
Japanese exports more expen- 
sive and. American imports into 
Japim. cheaper. . 

This would quickly hit global 
financial markets, sending inter- 
est rales, currency and equity 
markets into wild gyrations, with 
international markets already on 
Ihe defensive, these new tremors 
would cause serious damage. 

Policymakers in Japan and the 
West should recognize the poten- 
tial gravity of the situation and 
ad accordingly. They should show 
determined leadership to steer the 
international economy away from 
fhejagged shoals to which it is now 1 
so dangerously dose. 

Tokyo and Washington have a 
joint responsibility and the means 
to steer a different course by com- 
ing, to an. early and substantial 
agree m ent on trade, policy coor- 
dination, currency and the struc- 
tural reform that earii of their 
economies urgently needs. The 
question that is about to haunt 
markets is whether they have the 
will and vision to do so. 

The writer is strategist and se- 
nior economist for the Deutsche 
Bank group in Tokyo. He contrib- 
uted this comment to the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. 


Kill 


the Black Sea portof Odessa, 
Ukraine, by security police. twen- 
ty pounds can mate a bomb. This 
shipment was intercepted.. How 
many are -getting through? The 
“leaking" seems to be under way 
and there is no reason to believe 
the leaks will not build into allow. 

As a government concerned 
with health care, the coirent U.S. 
a dminis tration should appreciate 
that prevention is far cheaper and' 
safer than heroic therapy. 

The consequences of today’s 
neglect of serious preventive mea- 
sures may not emerge to terrorize 
citizens for five or six years. 
When it dpes» the cost of preven- 
tion now will seem trivial com- 
pared with that of dealing with 

a nucl ear-infested world later. 

In what may become a dis- 
turbingly famihar scene, the eyes 
of the world will be fixed in fear 
on the MacJan riling antics of 
some deranged little tyrant with 
a big bomb. - • : 

His every snarl and obscene 
false promise will be covered by 
intense journalists who speculate 
ad nauseam about doomsday 
scenarios and the feasibility ana 
risks of the few military options 
r emaining to America. The U-S. 
military will take . heroic risks 
And Washington will spare no 
expense to stpp .the nnclear devil 
of the moment. 

How does emodeal with the ugly 
prospect of 30,000 warheads and 
1,500 toss of uranium, up for sale, 
and thousands of out-of-work nu- 

peddle their skSsiti'tbe back al- 
leys of the global marketplace? 

There, is -no easy answer, but 
recognizing the problem and the 
urgency of developing an effective 
joint approach is a start. 

En g a ging in creative ways the 
Russian and Ukrainian govern- 
ments, as well, perhaps, as with 
selected “entrepreneurs,” is esr 
sential. For only a quiet and com- 
mitted dialogue on a common 
problem, a dialogue that respects 
sovereignty and pride of coun- 
tries concerned, will offer any 
promise of success. 

Mr. tSaeris chairman of the Wil- 
liam and MaryGreve Foundation 
" and Has been a supporter of the 
Arms Control Association, formerly 
headed by the late Gerard Smith, in 
whose memory this article was writ- 
ten; he is president of Kiser Re- 
search Inc, which transfers ad- 
vanced Russian com m e r cial tech- 
nology to the West Mr. Hines is 
director of the Phoenix Institute, 
which stucties issues related to the 
stability and development of the 
e m e r g in g independent states of Eur- 
asia. Tfty contributed this comment 
to die International Herald Tribune. 


T' 

fee., r 


BV OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894: BeriinAnardhiste 

BERLIN — Important discoveries 

have been made fay the police in 
connection with the arrest of the 
Anarchists who, it wifi be lanem- 
bered, fired at those attemp ting 
to arrest them. The lodgings of 
the men were searched and bombs 
were discovered A still more 
noteworthy discovery was 
at the residence of a me chanic - m 

Langaistrasse.Heredocumeiits 

were seized evidencing that the 
Berlin Anarchists were carrying 
on correspondent with. Anar- 
chists Irving in France and dis- 
closing the links in a conspiracy 
of a dangerous character. - 

1919t Great War Poets 

PARIS — {The Herald says ul an 
editorial:] Quite recently a liter- 
ary magazine asked with some 
ingenuousness: WtQ the war pro- 
duce a great poet? The question 


itself seems to betray a little unfa- 
mflianty with contemporaneous 
poetry; and also a misconception'; 
of the effect of a worid-traeedy! 


on the poetic faculty. Certainly, it j 
would be impossible fra- thesensi- 1 
five nature of a poet not to be 
stirred by a vast upheaval such as 
“the great war." 

1944: At German Border 

LONDON — [From our New 
Ycrk edition:] Rnssian- troops^ \ 
for the first time in thirty years, ; 
brought war forcefully to the Ger-j 
man homeland yesterday [Aug.) 
17] in a surge that put the Red! 
Army onto the East Prussian, 

er in western Iithmmj^rhfg his- ] 
tone honor fell to the 3d White! 
Russian Army troops oommand-l 
ed by General Ivan D. Chemi-i 
akhovsky, thirty-seven-year-old; 
Jewish tank expert and the youn-' 
gest full general inthe Red Army. ! 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


Page 7 


a Shaky System 


T\7ASHINGTON -^Historians of 
▼Y the Clinton preskteacywill* I 
think, focus on the great irony that 
appeared during tirissununer of his. 
saxMid year hr the While House. JBjB, 
Clinton has increasingly tied his fate 
to that of the Democratic Cong ress 
— at the way moment whenitsfead- 
ership seems to be losing itsgnp. 

The signal of the change came 
with the selection of Leon Paneua, 
former chairman of the House Bud- 

g t Committee, as the new White 
ouse chief of staff. , . , . 

Last week Mr. Clinton and Mr. 
Panetta chose Tony CoeLho. for-., 
merly the House whip and chair-' 
man of. the DemocraticC^ongresHO. 
nal Campaign Committee; as 
“special adviser" to the Democrat- 


With these three 
appointments, the 
president has acquired 
meaningfully greater . 
experience, pidgment and 
political acumen. But it 
comes at a price, 

ic National Committee — de facto, . 
the head of the party for the mid- 
term campaign. Finally, Mr. CIin- 
ton and Mr. Panetta chose Judge 
Abner Mikva, a former Illinois 
' congressman and member of the 
Ways and Means Committee, as 
the new White House counsel. . 

The common thread among those 
three appointments is that they 
could well have been, made by 
House Majority Leader Richard 
Gephardt nad he, instead of Mr. 
Clinton, been elected president in 
1992. In fact, it was Mr. Gephardt 
who recommended to President- 
elect Clinton that he pull Mr. Panet- 
ta, a man Mr. Clinton barely knew, 
out of the House and make him 
director of the Office of Manage- 
ment and Budget at the start of Mr. 
Oiman*5 term. 

Mr. Gephardt was among ihose 
urging that Mr. Codho be sent to 
the embattled Democratic National 
Committee. And he cheered the se- 
lection of his old Ways and Means 
buddy. Mr. Mikva — a habitue of 
the House gym during all the IS 
years he has served on the Court of 
Appeals — for the counsel's job. 

whit the former Gephardt aides 
George Stephanopoulos and David 
Dreyer already in sensitive White 
House policy and communications 
posts, you could call this the “Ge- 
phardtization” of the Clinton presi- 
dency. Equally, historians could say 


By David S. Broder 

that in this hour of dangerous politi- 
cal weakness, with his polls down 
and his major legislative initiatives 
in jeopardy, outsider Clinton decid- 
ed to try lo make himself an insider. 
-- The changeover could nor be 
. more dram atic. Mr. Panetta’s prede- 
cessor -wps Mr. Clinton’s boyhood 
pal T h o m as McClarty. a man de- 
void of Washington experience. The 
, resigning .chairman of the Demo- 
cratic. National Committee is young 
-David Wi&elm, an agreeable Chica- 
go campaign consultant more accus- 
tomed to. courting candidates than 
to setting strategy to senators. And 
the first White House counsel was 
the politically naive Bernard Nuss- 
baum. a.New York lawyer whose 
intis credential was his 'friendship 
with HDlaiy Rodham Qinton. 

"Almost everyone inside the Belt- 
-way would agree that in Mr. Panet- 
ta, Mr. CoeUio and Judge Mikva, 
the president has acquired mean- 
ingfully greater experience, judg- 
ment anp political acumen. But it 
comes at a price. 

- It is hard to recognize this Bill 
Clinton as the roan who cam- 
paigned against “the brain-dead 
politics of Washington,” the man 
who beat the stuffing out of all bis 
Democratic rivals who had served 
m Congress and then walloped that 
consummate insider, George Bush. 

- Dmjng the Democratic conven- 
tion df 1992, Mr. Clinton was so 
careful to keep his distance from the 
party's congressional leaders that, 
for weeks afterward. House Speaker 
Thomas Foley had to remind people 
that he had actually been sitting on 
stage, in the front row, during al- 
most all the sessions. 

^uch turnabouts are not unprece- 
dented, pf course. Ronald Reagan 
ran against Washington, then let in- 
sider James Baker run his White 
House. What is different about Mr. 
Clinton . is ihat he has tied into a 
congressional cadre that shows evi- 
dent signs of battle fatigue. 

George Mitchell, the Senate ma- . 
jority leader, is bailing out at the 
end of this year, worn down by the 
grind. And the House Democratic 
leadership, which scrambled franti- 
cally to save Mr. Clinton’s budget 
by a angle vote last year, saw so 
many Democratic defections last 
week that they were unable to pass 
the procedural rule to bring the 
crime bill up for a vote. 

In a leadership meeting a week 
before the crime bill vote, two peo- 
ple who were present told me, an 
exasperated Richard Gephardt, 
steaming about the reluctance of 
ins party's membership to back the 
president, said, “Dammit, if we 


can't pass the rule on the crime bill, 
maybe we ought to let the Republi- 
cans run this place” 

No one in Washington, not even 
this president, works harder at his 
job than Mr. Gephardt Rut he is 
a prisoner of the very system he is 
trying to direct 

Last year, at the behest of orga- 
nized labor, the main source of 
campaign funds for House Demo- 
crats, Mr. Gephardt joined the 
House Democratic whip, David 
Bonior, in opposing Mr. Clinton on 
another prion ty, the North Ameri- 
can Free Trade Agreement Having 
broken ranks themselves, they could 
hardly threaten to punish Demo- 
crats who went with the National 
Rifle Association, rather than the 
president, on the crime biQ. 

It is only one example of a larger 
problem. Mr. Clinton came to town 
full of ideas for changing Washing- 
ton and the country, but the House 
Democrats, to whom he has increas- 
ingly tied himself, have been in power 
for 40 years. They not only like the 
status quo, they are the status quo. 

The Washington Post. 


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A Revolutionary Message: 
Sexual Abstinence for Now 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


How to Help Africa 

Regarding “ Africa Heeds to Get 
Europe Involved Again in a Differ- 
ent Spirit ” (Opinion, Aug. J5) by 
William Pfaff: 

If European colonization is the 
mirade solution to anarchy, then per- 
haps Europe should start by experi- 
menting within its own borders, say 
in Albania. Bosnia or some former 
Soviet republics, whose crises are no 
less lamentable than those of Africa. 
, True, the problems afflicting many 
African countries today are real and 
harsh. But the region is no more 
threatened in its existence than it was 
at the peak of the slave trade The 
core lessons of Africa's history sug- 
gest the ultimate failure of foreign 
attempts to rob or shape its destiny. 

African countries are members of 
the United Nations, which provides 
the most suitable legal framework 
for concerted action by the interna- 
tional community to resolve the cri- 
ses assailing Africa. 

. The United Nations should be 
massively involved in Africa, not as 
in current, rearguard emergency op- 
erations but in preventive mode, 
with emphasis on fundamental free- 
doms and human rights, genuinely 
democratic institutions and process- 
es of governance, federal constitu- 
tions devolving significant ivsponsi- 
bilites and resources to the district 
level and speedy political and eco- 
nomic integration of the region. 


For us Africans, these are the 
inescapable imperatives that will 
deliver lasting civil peace, inter- 
ethnic harmony and socioeconomic 
modernization. That this is as pos- 
sible is Africa as anywhere else is 
being demonstrated in valuing de- 
grees by Botswana, Namibia, South 
Africa and Zimbabwe. 

However, our struggle against 
dictatorship and anarchy in Africa 
is likely to be very long, bloody and 
costly without Haiti-type coura- 
geous actions by the United Na- 
tions to guarantee genuine demo- 
cratic systems and peace in its 
recalcitrant African member states. 

MW AN NGOE 
Geneva. 

Diamonds From Angola 

Regarding ike report “ Angola 
Tragedy: An Abyss of Mistrust and 
Kitting?” (July 29): 

The article stales that UN1TA 
representatives smuggle diamonds 
to Zaire “and sell them through mid- 
dlemen to De Beers.” The implica- 
tion that De Beers has some ar- 
rangement with middlemen for re- 
ceiving diamonds from UN1TA is 
incorrect De Beers does have li- 
censed buying offices in Antwerp, 
Kinshasa and elsewhere where dia- 
monds are bought on the outside 
market in competition with many 
other licensed dealers. Some of the 
diamonds purchased by De Beers 


doubtless come from Angola. De 
Beers does not however, knowingly 
.buy diamonds from UNITA. 

ANDREW LA MONT. 

De Beers/Centenary AG. 

London. 

f Gentle Good Humor 4 

The back-page article about Peter 
Mayle C'The Hangover From a Year 
in Provence, " Aug 70) misses the 
mark. Wouldn't it have been better 
to focus on his evocative prose and 
his obvious love for a country and a 
region than to dwell on what a small 
handful of people think of him? 

I dare say. after bearing Mr. 
Mayle discuss his experiences for 
more than an hour one evening 
here id Boston, that he would love 
to be the anonymous person he 
once was and to stiU live where he 
and his wife did, just down the 
hillside from Menerbes. He didn't 
leave because some of the people 
there didn’t like him. He left be- 
cause he could get no peace from 
the rude, insensitive tourists who 
loved his book. 

If the residents of the area harbor 
ill-feeling toward him, it says infi- 
nitely more about them than about 
Mr. Mayle, whose gentle good hu- 
mor. I think, never soughL to injure, 
but only to tell a wonderful and 
entertaining tale. 

DOUGLAS KEITH. 

Boston. 


By Col man McCarthy 


W ASHINGTON — Some 150 
young sexual revolutionaries 
visited the White House the other 
day to be encouraged by President 
Bill Clinton to keep pursuing their 
goal of liberation. 

If that sounds as though de- 
bauchery were the agenda, it is only 
because'such notions as sexual lib- 
eration have come to be equated 
with reckless hedonism. A current 
and growing revolution differs 
from the conventional one: Its goal 
is abstinence, for teenagers to be 
liberated from peer and commer- 

MEANWHILE 

rial pressures that push or cajole 
the young into premarital sex. 

Kids have been lied to. some- 
times by each other and often by 
celebrities and advertisers: If 
you're physically ready for cou- 
pling. then you're emotionally, in- 
tellectually and financially ready. 

The other alluring falsity is that 
you can have no-consequence sex. 

The group at the White House 
included teenage members of the 
Southern Baptist Convention. One 
of its houses of worship is Tulip 
Grove Baptist Church in Nashville, 
Tennessee. Sixteen months ago, 59 
teenagers at the church were in- 
spired by their minister to sign 
pledge cards slating: “Believing that 
true love waits, I make a commit- 
ment to God. myself, my family, 
those 1 date, my future mate and my 
future children lo be sexually pure 
until the day I enter marriage.” 

Some 211,000 of these signed 
cards, gathered from around the na- 
tion. were staked to the ground on 
the Washington Mall in late July 
when 20,000 teenagers assembled for 
the National Youth for Christ Evan- 
gelical Conference. This is a move- 
ment that deserves full political and 
moral support, which the president 
offered at die White House. 

Until lately, the issue of teenage 
sexuality has been dominated by 
those calling for safe sex and contra- 
ceptive sex. Advocates of no sex — 
which is really a call for responsible 
behavior — are dismissed as being 


Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed "Letters to the 
Editor" and contain the writer's sig- 
nature. name and full address. Let- 
ters should be brief and an subject to 
editing. We ccautot be responsible for 
the return of unsolicited manuscripts. 


out of touch and hopelessly idealis- 
tic. Anyone going further and dar- 
ing to suggest to junior high and 
high school kids that mating at that 
age is wrong and immoral risks be- 
ing tarred as a prude or a preacher, 
just about the worst epithets avail- 
able short of the meanest of all. 
“You’re old-fashioned.” 

Hie message from the kids in the 
True Love Waits campaign is that 
they have rejected the new fashion. 
They define sexual abstinence as 
self-respect, not self-denial. It takes 
social courage, even a touch of re- 
belliousness, to move in the opposite 
direction of a society in which, ac- 
cording to the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention, three of 
four high school students said they 
had had sex by the lime of gradua- 
tion and 40 percent by ninth grade. 

For many adolescents, if the secu- 
rity of a loving family is absent, or 
a bonding with a teacher, coach or 
spiritual mentor has not occurred, 
then too often the only available 
affirmation of love is from some- 
one else in the same lonely fix. with 
sex creating the illusion that the 
ties are deep and lasting. 

For others, parents are often flops 
at moral training. Teachers shy 
away from stressing abstinence for 
fear they will be accused of promot- 
ing a religious belief. So kids floun- 
der, lost in the feeling of aioneness 
that is often the severest emotional 
pain in adolescence. 

In the current issue of Celebrate 
Life magazine, Kathleen Carvdr of 
the Washington-based National 
Federation for Catholic Youih Min- 
istry states that most teenagers de- 
sire lo be moral about sex: “But they 
are in a position where they have to 
make the decision alone ... All 
teens are making decisions, and they 
are bombarded with so many incon- 
sistent messages that they don’t 
know where the truth lies. There- 
fore, they are on their own.” 

No more. In the policy debates on 
teenage pregnancy, which range 
from harangues from the right to 
deny welfare to low-income unwed 
mothers to ideologues on the left out 
to saturate high schools with con- 
dom dispensers, the voices of kids 
are now bang heard. The young are 
likely to listen to the young. 

What parent would not be proud 
of a son or daughter who had the 
moral maturity both to resist the 
sex-drenched culture and to affirm 
his or her self- worth, especially if the 
parent has nurtured the youngster 
along the hazardous way? 

Washington Post Writers 



tom 


BOOKS 


SHADOWS OF HOPE: 

A Freethinker’s Guide to 
Politics in the Time of Qia- 


By Sam Smith, 268 pages. 
$22.50. Indiana University 
Press. 

Reviewed by 
Colman McCarthy 

O N the jacket copy, Sam 
Smith is called “an alterna- 
tive journafist” Not tree. His 
work is not different from what 
quality journalism ought to be: 
truth-seeking, independent, 
fair-minded and deb unk i n g- Al- 
ternative journalists are those 
who have abandoned those 
standards, belaboring the obvi- 
ous, hedging any ridty bet, 
cour tin g the powerful and put- 
ting it all into spiritless prose. 
That’s the alternative press 
from which Sam Smith flees 
and is labeled a fugitive only 
because anyone who breaks 
from the pack is seen as running 
the wrong way. 

In “Shadows of Hope,” 
Smith penetrates the darkness 
with the language and probing 
s kills of such earlier indepen- 
dents as George Sddes, I. F. 
Stone and Tristram Coffin. 


• Marisa Paredes, Spanish 
. stage and screen actress, is read- 
ing "Nadie es Perfecto: - Bitty 
wader” (“A Close-Up”) by 
Hdnmth Karasek- ' 

“My daughter gave me the 
bock for ipy birthday. It’s the 
vwy entertaining story of Bitty 
Wilder and it tdus about all of 
his ups. and downs once arriv- 
ing in Hollywood.” 

(A l Goodman, JHT) 

Like than. Smith publishes 
Ins own newsletter — the Pro- 
gressive Review, a monthly that 
bristles with wit, insight and 
dabs of dearheaded fuming 
Those qualities are here too 
— even overflowing in places. 
Smith, a Washingtonian who 
.reported his first story during 
the Eisenhower administration, 
has seen enough of what he calls 
the “capital culture” to know 
thatpositive change, if it arrives 
at au, will come mxn the bot- 
tom, not the top. “The con- 
flict,” he writes, “can no longer 
betbe phony battle between lib- 
erals and conservatives that 
leaves us the choice of control 

by huge corporations, huge gov- 
ernment, or a conspiracy be- 
tween tite two. The question is 
whether we can restore the indi- 


BRIDGE 


• By Alan Truscott ■ 

I N the diagrammed deal 
South found himself in four 
spades as- shown after his part- 
ner had shown a strong raise 
with a Drury two-dub re- 
sponse. 

West led the dub jack South 
won with the- ace and led a 
heart. West played kw and 
dummy’s jade won. The heart 
queen was. played and a dia- 
rhond discarded, a loser-on-tos- 


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South led the spade six, and 
played low from his hand- pus 
deep finesse against the eight 
brought home the psae. 

South’s spade four was the 
crucial card. If Easi had held 8- 
4 instead of 8-3, he could have 
covered the six with the eight- 
Then the uppercut with the four 
would have succeeded. 


lars without producing any- 

thing that worked.” 

Smith covers plenty of 
1 ground, which means he trips 

occasionally. KBs criticism of 
the Clinton administration’s 
community service program is 
uninformed. He says, for exam- 
ple, “There is a strong argument 
to be made that (here are better 
ways of encouraging communi- 
ty service than by spending 
more than $30 an hour for it, as 
the Qinton program will do in 
> its early stages." 

— He doesn't provide a source 

vidual and community to the for the figure. I checked with Eli 
center of American political Segal, director of the Corpora- 


» tion for National and Commu- 

Smitb the question-raiser has nityService, and he says 
an idea or two, or 200, on how Smith's numbers are wildly in- 
to begin the work of restore- fla , ted ' College students m- 
tionJrs in local power, “decen- volved m CUnton seryic* 
tralized action" that devolves to program are to receive mmi- 
where citizens live and fed the mum- wage stipends, plus edu- 


brunt of federal remoteness or ration awards that add no more 
control. As proof that from-be- than $ 3 an hour. Pro-am costs 
low change has greater impact ^ but the total is 

than from-above change. Smith far short of $30 an hour, 
dies several examples or local Two pages after Smith s gripe 
action and pressure: “While the about that exaggerated figure, 
tobacco lobby ties up Washing- h 9 c]auDS ^ community ser- 
ton, 750 dries and communities w* programs have much ap- 


have passed indoor smoking 
laws.” On the Brady law, “by 


eal to politicians and policy 
ustlers because they are “inex- 


er move. West look his ace and 
led a dub to dummy’s king. 

South cashed the heart king 
discarding the diamond jack, 
and Jed a diamond to the ace. 
He then ruffed a club with the 
spade jack, ruffed a diamond, 
and ruffed his last dub with the 
spade ten. The ending with 
South needing two more tricks. • 
was this: ■ ■ 

NORTH 

♦ 6 | 

95 

0 9 8 | 


the time the federal government P emive -, which is it: high 

got around to acting on it, hall co ~? cost - , . , 

the states bad passed similar Smith s strengths are in lay- 
mcasures . M ing out the specifics of what he 

Amid the explorations of lo- rails “bringing politics home.” 
calized progress. Smith assumes How? “We must change not 
the lesser but more entertaining csdy our political policies but 
role of wry observer. He’s the very way we regard politics, 
cranky in the manner of Untilwe teing pohttcs home 
Charles Peters of the Washing- devolving its power, abdicating 
ton Monthly or Jack Shafer of lls . phony expertise and under- 
ary Paper grouchiness with mining its arrt*ance — we wfl] 
wit He discusses “the politics remam mapped m a temple to a 
of toys,” otherwise known as false god. 
programs of federal waste: — — — 

“Ronald Reagan’s political toy Colman McCarthy is a colum- 
wa s Star Wars, a theory that nist for The Washington Post 
wasted tens of billions of dd- Writers Group. 


Colman Mi 


yisa cotum- 
ington Post 


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MARK YOUR DIARY! 

As prospects for economic recovery brighten in the U.S. and Europe, 
investment activity in the public and private sectors is beginning to revive. 
The program for this timely conference will focus on three key sectors - 
telecommunications, transportation and energy. 

Our illustrious group of speakers will include: 

■ Martin Bangeraann, European Commissioner and Former Minister of 
Economic Affairs. Germany 

■ Wolfgang Roth, Vice President, European Investment Bank 

■ Marianne Henderson, V. P.. Chief Financial Officer, Bell Atlantic 

■ Eberhard von Koerber, President. Asea Brown Boveri Europe Ltd. S-A. 

■ Henning Christophersen, V. P.. European Commission 

■ Graham Corbett, Cliier Favancial Officer, Eurotunnel 

■ Claude Darmon, Managing Director, Transport Division. GEC-Alsthom 

■ L a rry Irving, Assistant Secretary for Communications & Information. U.S. 
Department or Commerce 

■ Thierry Bandon. Deputy Vice-President, European Bank for Reconstruction 
and Development 

■ Greg C. Simon, ttomestie Policy Advisor to A1 Gore, Vice President of the UJS A 

■ Arturo Israel, Transportation, Water and Urban Development Department. 
The World Bank 

■ Gunter Rexrodt, Minister of the Economy. Germany 

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT: 

Brenda Erdmann Hagerty 

International Herald Tribune, 63 Long Acre, London WC2ESUH 
Tel: 1 44 71 ) 836 4802 Fax; 1 44 71)836 0717 

SKADDEN 

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SLATE 

S HER& HcratbS&ibunc 







Page 8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


HEALTH /SCIENCE 


Timing Flaws 
And Reading Trouble 




New research on reading difficulties 
points to a deficiency of cells in a 
region of the left brain that handles 
fast processing of sounds; the region, 
the medial geniculate nucleus of the 
thalamus, processes impulses on the 
way to the auditory cortex, which 
interprets speech. Scientists had 
already identified a similar problem 
with visual processing in cells in the 
lateral geniculate nucleus. 








Verticle cross 
section of the 
left brain 


Visual 

[cortex 


Auditory 
cortex, v 


Thalamus 


The auditory problem affects areas 
that are active when the brain 
absorbs fast-changing sound 
impulses like tone triplets, syllables 
and words, as shown by bright areas 
in PET scans of normal brains, below. 
The region is inactive when 
processing the long, unchanging 
signals of vowels, right. 



Medial geniculate 
nucleus 


Auditory pathway 



Auditory 




• v — pathway 


Lateral 

geniculate 

nucleus 


Stimulation of processing area in a normal brain 


Visual pathway 
from retina 



Cochlea 

(sound 

receiver) 






Tone triplets Syllables 

Sources/ Dr. Paula Tallal/Rutgers: Dr. Albert Galabunta/Harvard 


Words 


Vowels 


Dyslexia: A Flaw in Brain Circuit? 


By Sandra Blakeslee 

Near York Tima Service 


EW YORK — Researchers say 
they have pinpointed a funda- 
mental brain flaw that may be a 
major factor in the development 
of some forms of dyslexia, a learning dis- 
ability that affects milli ons of schoolchil- 
dren and adults. 

The finding, published in the Proceed- 
ings of the National Academy of Sciences, 
suggests thaL dyslexia is at root not a 
visual or ordinary hearing problem, as 
many have thought, but a flaw in a specific 
brain circuit that handles rapidly flowing 
auditory information. 

The study found that the left brain 
hemispheres of dyslexic children usually 
contain few cells of the kind that special- 
ize in comprehending rapid sounds and 


that this comprehension problem is a ma- 
jor factor in their later difficulty in leara- 


jor factor in their later difficulty in learn- 
; ing to read. The researchers say the effects 
erf dyslexia begin in infancy, when such 
children are unable to hear many compo- 
nents of ordinary language. 

Methods of treating dyslexia, or diffi- 
culty in reading, have generally had un- 
.even success. “This is a medical problem 

• with a neurological basis," said Dr. Paula 
; Tallai, a leader in the new research. “It's 
; not the fault of the child, the parents or 

the schools." Dr. Tallai is co-director of 

• the Center for Molecular and Behavioral 
[Neuroscience at Rutgers University’s 

• Newark campus in New Jersey. 

Dr. Tallai and her colleagues have just 
completed a pilot study of ways to help 
children with this form of dyslexia com- 
jpensate for the brain defect. While results 

• have not yet been analyzed. Dr. Tallai said, 
; “we are very encouraged by what we saw.” 

In March, the Charles A. Dana Founda- 
tion in New York awarded a three-year 
grant of S2.3 million to Dr. Tallai and four 
other scientists who are spearheading the 
revised view of dyslexia. 

The new research is “really exciting," 
said Will Baker, executive director of the 
National Dyslexia Research Foundation 
in Boca Grande, Florida. 


Dr. Tallai, who heads the group effort, 
began working on dyslexia in the early 
1970s. Bacfc^hen, educators pul nearly all 
their emphasis on the analysis of reading, 
she said. Speech pathologists and vision 
specialists paid close attention to the eyes 
and ears, devising exercises to help chil- 
dren recognize sounds and written words. 

“I wanted to ask whaL is going on in the 
brain that would lead to problems in lan- 
guage and reading." Dr. Tallai said. “This 
put me on the fringe." 

Dr. TailaJ's early research described 
how language-impaired children some- 
times had trouble integrating sensory 
events. “I really had an ‘Aha!’ phenome- 
non,” she said in a recent interview. “I 
thought maybe it’s that they have difficul- 
ty in processing fast speech sounds. 

“I looked at the acoustics of speech," she 
said. “What are the critical cues that differ- 
entiate one speech sound from another? 
The speech stream is very complicated. 
When you put sounds together, everything 
starts moving fast You need to analyze 
individual sounds, put them in the right 
order and keep up wiih the meaning.” 


simultaneously into each ear of a human 
subject. Most people tend to pick up the 
word that is introduced into the right ear, 
she said, presumably because it goes to the 
left side of the bram, which is specialized 
for language. 

But in further tests. Dr. Tallai found that 
only words with stop consonants and the 
fast-timing requirement yield this so-called 
right ear advantage. If sounds like “ba” are 
artificially stretched out — turning the 40- 
millisecond transition into a 100- millisec- 
ond transition — the right ear advantage is 
less pronounced. 

In other exper im ents. Dr. Tallai present- 
ed brain-damaged adults with nonverbal 
tones arriving 10 milliseconds apart. Those 
with right-brain damage could bear both 
tones just fine, she said, but those with left- 
brain damage could noL 

That led to a second idea, Dr. Tallai said. 


“Maybe the reason we have left specializa- 
tion for language," she theorized, “is not for 




OME speech sounds, such as pure 
vowels like “aaaaahh,” occur in a 


^^^B steady flow that continues for 
MBF more than 100 milliseconds (a 
tenth of a second). Dr. Tallai said. 

But other sounds are characterized by 
rapid changes. The so-called stop-conso- 
nant syllables — ba, da, ga, pa, la and ka 
— have a transitional period in which the 
initial consonant frequency changes very 
rapidly to the frequency of the vowel. 

The initial “b” vibration in the sound 
“ba” lasts for only 40 milliseconds before 
switching to the “ah." The brain has to 
distinguish these fast transitions to dis- 
criminate stop-consonant syllables. Dr. 
Tallai said. But other sounds, such as “rna." 
do not depend on a fast transition, she said 
The “m" typically lasts a hundred or more 
milliseconds before the “ah." 

Dr. Tallai said listening experiments 
done in the 1970s had also led her to think 
about audiioiy tuning in Lbe brain. In such 
experiments, a different word is introduced 


speech alone, but for rapid temporal pro- 
cessing.” These ideas remained improvable, 
she said, until scientists could probe the 
brain with new imaging and anatomical 
techniques. 

The big task before researchers is to find 
the cause of the brain malfunction. Is it a 
problem with just the cell types in the 
medial geniculate or a broader malfunc- 
tion involving larger brain circuits? 

All of this research suggests new ways to 
treat dyslexia. While some of the tech- 
niques used today help dyslexics some- 
what, many children remain frustrated — 
and continue to have reading problems 
throughout their lives. 

Dr. Michael Merzenich, a neuroscientist 
at the University of California in San 
Francisco and an expert on how the brain 
gets reorganized after new experiences, is 
working with Dr. TaDal in devising new 
techniques for dyslexic children. 

Among other strategies, they have devel- 
oped computers that draw out the stop 
consonants, giving dyslexic children 
enough time to hear them. The hope is that 
their brains, after hearing the sounds for 
the first time, will develop alternative 
pathways for processing than. 


Some Drugs Tied to Osteoporosis 


By Jane E. Brody 

New York Tuna Service 


EW YORK — Osteoporosis and 
the factors that may help to pre- 
vent or cause it have received 
much attention in the last decade. 
Bone specialists have identified insuffi- 
cient calcium in the diet, lack of exercise, 
cigarette smoking and a natural hormonal 
decline at menopause as major contribu- 
tors to the weakened, fragile bones of os- 
teoporosis, a bone-wasting disease. 

But one important contributor to osteo- 
porosis has been largely overlooked: the 
role played by medications that have bone 
loss as a major side effccL 
In a new booklet the National Osteopo- 
rosis Foundation, based in Washington, 
calls attention to this effect of many im- 
portant medications and suggests that 


adjustments in treatment or greater atten- 
tion to prevention might Help protect the 
bones while accomplishing the desired 
therapeutic goal. 

Glucocorticoids, one of the most useful 
and widely prescribed class of drugs, are 
major offenders when it comes to bones. 
Glucocorticoids, introduced in the late 
1940s, are synthetic versions of the steroids 
produced by the adrenal glands. 

About 5U million Americans have condi- 
tions that are often treated with glucocorti- 
coids. like arthritis, asthma, allergies, ulcer- 1 
ative colitis, liver disease, lupus, cancer and 
organ transplants. The drugs include corti- 
sone and hydrocortisone, prednisone and 
prednisolone, triamcinolone, methylpredni- 
solone, dexamethasone, betamethasone, 
flunisolide and bedomethasone dipropion- 
ate. They act on the immune system, sup- 
pressing inflammation and runaway im- 


mune responses, like the ones that occur in 
allergies and autoimmune diseases. 

The drags are often life-sustaining for 
transplant patients, who might otherwise 
reject their new organs, and they are im- 
portant components of cancer chemo- 
therapy. But they can interfere with the 
absorption of dietary' calcium, stimulate 
the action of bone-destroying cells called 
osteoclasts and inhibit the action of bone- 
building cells called osteoblasts. 

Another of the most commonly pre- 
scribed medications in the United Stales is 
thyroid hormone, which is sold, for exam- 
ple. under the brand name Synthroid. pro- 
duced by Boots Laboratories. It is given to 
people whose own thyroid glands are not 
sufficiently active. When administered at 
high doses, or when the thyroid gland 
produces too much hormone, thyroid hor- 
mone can cause bone loss. 


A Prozac a Day Puts 
Fido’s Itch on Hold 


IN BRIEF 


By Tracy Thompson 

H'atfiingtorl Past Service 


W ASHINGTON — Prozac has 
made Charlie Norton a 
calmer, saner man. Not only 
has the constant licking 
stopped, so has that maddening “arrrgh” 
he was hearing in the middle of the night at 
the foot of his bed. 

It was his golden retriever. Sunny, whose 
trouble with allergies and itching had de- 
veloped into a full-blown compulsion to 
gnaw on her paw. Mr. Norton and his wife 
had tried lotions, antihistamines and aller- 
gy tests. Then the family veterinarian hit 
upon the cure: one Prozac a day. In two 
weeks, the little green -an d-white capsule 
had turned Sunny into a happy puppy. 

It’s uue: Prozac — that antidepressant 
wonder drug — has yet one more power. It 
cures dogs of the itch. Well not of the itch, 
exactly, out of something far deeper in the 
dog psyche: the urge to scratch. 

Credit for this discovery goes to Steven 
Melman, a veterinarian in Potomac, Mary- 
land, with a specialty of veterinary derma- 


tology. Five yeans ago researchers at the 
National Institute of Mental Health, look- 


Nmnao Huh/Thr Nc* Y«k Tima 


National Institute of Mental Health, look- 
ing into obsessive-compulsive disorders in 
humans, found that traditional antidepres- 
sants could cure compulsive behaviors in 
dogs. Dr. Melman decided to take that 
discovery a step further. He tried Prozac, 
then new on the market 

The results were dramatic: Dr. Md- 
man’s compulsive tickers and ch ewers 
abandoned their habits. Even inveterate 
tail-chasers got mellow. Today, he esti- 
mates he has dosed about 100 dogs with 
Prozac, with gratifying results. 

And if dogs, why not cats? Actually, Dr. 
Melman says, cats lack a particular liver 
enzyme that metabolizes certain drugs, in- 
cluding aspirin and Prozac. 

He refuses to speculate about the psy- 
chic implications of his discovery, limiting 


himself to the more prosaic applications of 
Prozac in dermatology. - 

Dr. Melman has put most of his energies 
into natural cures, even inventing bis own 
line of all-natural dog lotions and sham- 
poos. 

“Drugs are an absolute last resort,” he 
said. But when all dsc has failed, Prozac is 
“the shortest distance between two 
points.” 

Dogs exhibit an array Of behaviors that 
have psychological origins, he said, al- 
though they may initially appear as physi- 
cal ailments. Often exacerbated by the 
boredom of being cooped tip in an empty 
house all day, those behaviors range from 
compulsive biting and scratching to self- 
mutilation, object fixation, thunderstorm 
phobias, aggressive tendencies and tail- 
chasing. 

News that Prozac has caught on among 
veterinarians has caused some head- 
scratching at the Food and Drag Adminis- 
tration. Prozac is not on the FDA’s list of 
human drags with a recognized use in 
animals. A spokeswoman said the agency 
rarely looks into drug use in animals unless 
the ^rainnalic are inlftnrfod for Human con- 
sumption. The FDA sees no. reason to 
interfere “as long as it doesn't barm the 
anim al and it’s intended to prevent suffer- 
ing." 

Dr. Melman warns that, in the wrong 
dosages, Prozac can be fatal to animals, 
and he fears that publicity may tempt 
some people to just feed their own pHls to 
old Sparky when he causes trouble. “Or, 
what’s more likely, people will come in and 


Mother-Infant AIDS Linked 
To Amount of Virus In Blood 

NEW YORK (NYT) — In findings that 
bear directly on prevention of mother-io- 
infant transmission of the AIDS vtmMw’o 
new studies show that the jik^hood of 
infecting offspring nses with the ^amount 
of thewus in a pregnant woman s blood. 

The studies, from researchers in the New 
York State Health Department and New 
York University, are bdiewd l to be the 
Bret to measure the amount of the mv 
virus in infected women during pregnancy 
and at delivery and in the infant during its 
fust months of life. . 

On average, wily one m four babies born 
.to infected mothers develops AIDS, a mys- 
tery that the current studies help to clarify. 
The correlation could also be important in 
pantin g the way toward new treatments to 
prevent transmission of the virus from 
mother to infant, the authors of the reports 
and federal health officials said. 

The health department study also 
showed that pregnancy did not make 
AIDS worse in women, which challenges 
earlier reports. 


get it for Sparky and take it themselves," 
He said. “That’s what I worry about” 


he said. “That’s what I worry about” 

He said he thought that Prozac could 
have other uses in animat* One might be 
to treat compulsive feather-plucking in 
birds. Another might be to treat cribbing 
in horses — an affliction in which horses 
gnaw on die wooden edges of feed troughs 
or stall doors and gulp air until they swell 
up with colic. 



Estrogen Treatment Urged 
For Breast Cancer Survivors 

CHICAGO (Reuters) — Survivors of 
breast cancer are commonly denied treat- 
ment with the hormone estrogen, which 
can help menopausal women, because of a 
mistaken belief that the hormone will reac- 
tivate thou cancer cells, researchers say. 

“We believe it is time for a change, and 
we believe the time is right to study 
the effects of estrogen replacement thera- 
py,” Melody Coblcigh, oT Rusb-Presby- 
terian-SL Luke’s Medical Center in Chica- 
go, wrote in the latest issue of the Journal 
of the American Medical Association. 

Estrogen can lessen the annoying and 
sometimes debilitating symptoms of 
menopause and has been shown to reduce 
coronary heart disease and maintain bone 
density m women. However, the treatment 
was usually discouraged for breast cancer 
survivors because of concern that dormant 
tumors might become activated and that 
the resulting increased breast density 
could delay diagnosis of a recurrence. 

1 In Sydney, Australian scientists say they 
have found a breast cancer “marker” gene 
that may allow them to predict survival 
more accurately and improve drag thera- 
pies. The gene cydin DI causes breast 
cancer cells to multiply more rapidly if it is 
overabundant in breast tissue, they say. 


Asthma Drug Found Useful 
III Controlling Croup Cases 

-WASHINGTON (WP) — A new study 
suggests that a common asthma drug, ap- 
proved for use in Canada and Europe and 
now nndexgotng testing in the United 
States, can effectively control croup and 
reduce costly hospitalizations. 

The study, published in the New Eng- 
land Journal of Medicine, suggests that 
inhaling a gentle mist of the drag budeson- 
ide can effectively control mild to moder- 
ate, croup.. symptoms quickly, painlessly 
and at low cost 

Doctors have few options for the thou- 
sands of children sidelined each year with 
croup, a viral infection that causes hoarse- 
ness, breathing difficulties and heavy 
coughing. In the most severe cases, doctors 
often administer dexamethasone, a power- 
ful corticosteroid, but the drug can cause 
intestinal bleeding. 


Lannr FfckaU-Mcmrcuwa Gafdo M ifac Aol Gaea aftln Wadi" 

A scanning electron micrograph portrait of a Gigantiops ant. 


True Rulers of the World 
Portrayed in a New Guide 


By Nicholas Wade 

New York Tima Service 


EW YORK — Though humans 
assume without question that 
their species dominates the 
world, by most objective mea- 
sures the palm goes to the ants. Humans 
dwell complainingly in a narrow range of 
climates; ants live without demur at every 
extreme; in tundra and rain forest, in 
swamp and desert, deep beneath the earth 
and in the topmost trees. 

Humans the world over are much the 
same, and apart from some trivial varia- 
tions in hair and skin color it is as hard 
(taxonomically speaking) to tell one from 
another as it is with peas in a pod. But the 
tribes of ants vary so riotously that the 
largest known species is 40 times' the size of 
the smallest. 

Each human society practices much the 
same mix of business, leisure and war, ant 
communities specialize in a vast variety of 
occupations. Some are harvesters, some 
are weavers, and some muster in huge 
traveling armies. There are ants that cul- 
ture funguses, ants that nurture butterfly 
larvae and ants that make slaves of other 
ants. 

Since humans are so recent an addition 
to the planet's fauna, there is but one living 
species of them, which is probably quite 


enough. Ants, have been around for 100 
million years and exist in an estimated 

15. 000 extant species, of which only about 

1 0.000 are known to science. Even myrme- 
cologists, students of ants, can get con- 
fused about species or genus. 

To help them out, a guide and photo- 
graphic key to the correct classification of 
ants has now been prepared by Barry Bol- 
ton, a myrmecologist at the Natural Histo- 
ry Museum in London, His guide gives the 
head and side view of representative mem- 
bers of the known ant subfamilies and 
genera, but it does not attempt to go from 
the genus to the species level 

Every feature of ah ant's physiognomy, 
each whirl and notch and sculptural curli- 
cue, has an evolutionary purpose, Mr. Bol- 
ton says, but in most cases no one knows 
what it is. ^There are umpteen lifetimes of 
work in this subject,” he says happily. 

But biologists can guess at some major 
features. The enormous eyes of some spe- 
cies, as in the photograph above; are an 
adaptation erf hunting ants: Longjaws with 
pincers on the end are to hold at a distance 
prey that fight back or release noxious 
chemicals. 

Harvard’s Museum of Comparative Zo- 
ology has the weald’s best collection of 
ants. London's Natural History Museum 
has the second-best . — “but Tm working 
on it," Mr. Bolton says. 


Warning on Epilepsy Drug 
Curbs Uso In Many Cases 

WASHINGTON (WP) — The warning 
that an effective new drag to control epi- 
lepsy can cause a potentially fatal form of 
anemia leaves doctors and patients with a 
difficult choice. 

Both the Food and Drug Administra- 
tion and Carter- Wallace, makers of the 
drug, -issued warnings earlier this month 
urging doctors to begin weaning patients 
from fdbamate, marketed as Felbatol. The 
notices came after 10 people taking felba- 
mate developed aplastic anemia, a rare and 
often fatal blood disorder. Two people 
died. Since the wanting, 1 1 more have been 
diagnosed with aplastic anemia and two 
more have died, the FDA said. “It's very 
upsetting and disappointing for a number 
of patients who have found a partial an- 
swer to their problems,” said Robert Fish- 
er, director of the epilepsy center at the 
Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, 
Arizona. 

“We. have essentially advised all our 
patients to go off the drug,” said Ronald 
Lesser, director of the epilepsy center at 
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. 


U-S. RIm In Tuberculosis 
Linked to Foreign Origins 

CHICAGO (Reuters) — Nearly two- 
. thirds of the rise in U. S. tuberculosis cases 
since 1985 occurred among foreign-born 
peopky hig hlight ing a need for closer 
screening of immigrants, researchers say. 

Incidence of the disease dropped sharp- 
ly from the 1950s to the mid-1980s, but 
rose 20 percent between 1985 and 1992. 
Foreign-bora victims of the disease during 
that period accounted Cor 60 percent of the 
U>tal m crease, according to Michael 
Cantwell of the Centers for Disease Con- 
n’d and Prevention in Atlanta. ' 


COUNTRIES 

ACCESS NUMBERS 

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International Herald Tribune, Thursday, August 18, 1994 ■ 


Page 9 



THE TRIB INDEX: 11 6. 50 Si 

International Herald Trfixjne World Stock index €>, composed of 
280 IntemationaBy Investabte stocks from 25 countries, compiled 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1, 1992 * 100. 


r-y hx-'i - * i’x ‘ ’;••• . 


. . - :4 > 


k.Vj'Y w? * :-r . \ '• •* 

fe-i VS ’!-V -'**•■* 


World Index 

? " ‘ - r‘ 


. A 

• - .-.•Iv'.j 

■s/ is-'tV.-M 


1 Ar.i:t-P;tct(;c 


Eu»f>pe "1 

Approx, weighfing: 32% 

Oase; 13ZDZ Ptw. 13ZD0 

50 — 

BH 

Anwi£weigMa9;37% WM 

dose ll&nnw: 115.47 UWB 



liilllli 


M A M J J A 

M A M J 

J A 

IBM 


IBM 

j North America 

Latin Atmtrica 


Approx. wefghSng: 2B% MPBB 

CJOSK95.10PIWJ95.07 

0 

ACTjhm. weeing; 5% 
CtoSK M(LB3 Piw J 137^3 

B 


~™>+i S’* *■:;?& 
Wifi**:. • >v.V • , :r^ * .. ?•>:•'••• ; -;+ 


$U Wuldlndw 

SSETS, BtefcoSSwetf of V* SO top ksuos m turns of mart* capKateatkn 

otbenriMbm ten top stocks mm tmdtod. 


Industrial Sectors 


Energ y 113.49 11230 +0-7D CmMOoodi 11&2S 1T7.57 +UW 

umoet 129-43 12755 +1.47 RmihleMi 1 133J7 13^68 +0RQ 

Finance 118PS 11743 *0-79 Contannr flood* 103JB1 102.75 -tO-flj 

Swvtew 121,54 120.66 +073 MejBMMPi 13239 13 151 *0,82 

For mom Momuton about tta Max a bocttet is 

Write lo Trib Max, in AmmChalM do GmribiSt&i NBuKyGodoK Franco. 

■ C to MmMi onal Herald Ttto 

— ■ 3 - 


SEC Slaps " 

^ Securities 

ffiSSlS Practices 

auntries, compiled 

Coopers Auditor 

Gets Suspended 

BftwmAerg Businas News 

WASHINGTON —The Se- 
curities and Exchange Commis- 
sion on Wednesday suspended 
a former Coopers & Lybrand 
auditor from practicing before 
the SEC for five years, saying he 
had approved the financial 
statements of a Florida-based 
insurer even though he knew 
J 4 the company was en gagin g in 

sham transactions with a unit of 

Merrill Lynch & Co. 

fftxt37% ■ M i Donald Withers, who left 
& gH Coopers & Lybrand last year, 

: agreed to settle the charges 

without admitting or denying 

. •■ guil t, according to a statement 

issued by the SEC 
The SEC also said it had be- 
gun an adminis trative proceed- 
ing against Charles Marini, who 
served as a controller for Guar- 
iiw antee Security Life Insurance 

Co of Jacksonville, Florida, be- 
tween 1984 and 1991. 

0*i$ 5% |gp3 The agency said it would 
63 Ptetj 137^3 EB2Q hold hearings on charges that 

- — : Mr. Marini had isolated record- 

I j keeping requirements and abet- 

r*- ted other violations by Trans- 

Jl mark USA Inc., Guarantee’s 

'Ain parent company. 

MlliSliill The SEC alleged that Guax- 

antee transferred the ownership 

1^1 ' j" j a of junk bonds in its investment ^ 

1994 portfolio to Merrill Lynch, 

Pierce, Fenner & Smith at the 
i, n«w Yoric, London, ana end of each year and received 

•jm!Ui 1 t!SS SS? cash or U.S. Treasury securities 

u For Tokyo. Hew York and in return. . , . . 

ms ct mvtat cofXaiiaikn “By engagmg m sham sales of 

a ia qy » portion of Guarantee’s 
portfolio of high-yield securi- 
_ , ties on the last trading day of 

5S. 5» crimye the fiscal year and replacing 

11&28 117.57 +0.60 these secunties with a less risky 

— : — — ttt asset, and then reversing the 

13387 13££8 +090 transactions within the first few 

. • 103.B1 102.75 +0.84 trading days of the new fiscal 

13239 13131 +0.82 W Transma* manipulated 

■rams kcy indicators of its fin ana al 

Ma (mat charge. health relied on by investors 

1 fiteuBy Codex, Francs. nn^ state regulators,” the SEC 

OUernatioirt Herald Trfwn* said. ..... 


Capitalism’s Cutting Edge 

”*■ -■ -wt Tk .1 


By Kevin Murphy 

Imemarinedi Herald Tribune 

SHANGHAI — Sera™: 


its of state control in ways 
almost unimaginable four 
years ago. 

Early in its experiment 
with publicly traded compa- 
nies, Beg ing swapped minor- 
ity stakes in China's best 
companies for private capital 
and entrepreneurial exper- 

t!S Bm few leaders could have 
anticipated that foreign 
shareholders would dnve 
Shanghai Dazhong Taxi Co-, 
or that Shanghai Phoenix Bi- 
cycle Co. would build Tai- 
wanese scooters, or that 
■Shanghai Tire & Rubber Co. 
wouldset up a research facili- 
ty in Akron, Ohio, the heart 
of the U.S. rubber industry. 

With foreign investment 
and greater entrepreneurial 
freedom, all three companies 
are poised to further expand 
and diversify, with much less 
direction from the state. 

“Things have developed a 
little faster than the govern- 
ment probably expected,” 
said Yang Guoping, chair- 
man of Dazhong Taxi. “Bat 
high-speed development, like 


cars, needs some controls to 
be safe.” . 

After months of lobbying 
Beijing authorities for ap- 
proval, Dazhong Taxi recent- 
ly converted enough domesti- 
cally owned shares in the 
company, or A shares, into 
those available to foreigners, 
or B shares, to give non-Chi- 
nese investors the largest 
stake in the company. 

The deal, a first for a listed 
Chinese company, raised 
mneh-needed foreign ex- 

'We will need 
greater flexibility 
from the 
authorities.’ 

Jin Fan Nan, 

S hanghai Tire 


change and bolstered Daz- 
hong’ s independence from 
state interference by trans- 
forming nonliquid “legal-per- 
son” shares held by other 
state-owned companies into 
B shares. 

“We think it's a milestone 
of internationalization for 
Chinese companies,” smd 
Mr. Yang of a transaction 


with wide ideological and 
practical consequences. “I 
know there are a lot erf com- 
panies that want to be the 
next to do it." 

In a move that will further 
expand foreign -shareholder 
control over die onetime state 
utility, Dazhong is seeking, 
regulatory approval to issue 
bonds that can be converted 
into B shares over a period of 
time. 

With the proceeds of the 
July A-to-B share conversion 
and the planned convertible 
bond, Dazhong plans to ex- 
pand its taxi operating fran- 
chise to other cities across 
China. 

Also, reflecting greater 
competition and price con- 
trols in Shanghai, Dazhong 
win hasten to expand its auto- 
service business and develop 
fleet leasing using expertise 
from Hertz Coip. 

As even China’s best com- 
panies face difficulties raising 
capital domestically for ex- 
pansion as Beijing attempts 
to slow a runaway economy, 
most are turning to interna- 
tional capital. If they can, 
where funds are available and 
relatively cheap. 

-We need 1 billion ren- 
minbi [$110 million] for our 

See CHINA, Page 11 


American Home 
Buys Cyanamid 

For $9.7 Billion 


NEW YORK — American 
Home Products Carp, agreed 
Wednesday to buy its drug in- 
dustry competitor American 
Cyanamid Co. for $9.7 billion. 

The price represents a 6.3 
percent premium to American 
Home’s original bid two weeks 
ago of $95 a share, or $9.07 
bSljon. and a 60 percent premi- 
um to Cyanamid’s slock pnee 
before American Home's offer. 

American Home will pay 
Cyanamid shar eholders $101 
par share in cash, creating a 
drug, food and agricultural 
chemicals concern with more 
than $12 billion a year in sales. 

Included are American 


mergers over the past several 
years that have been spurred by 
the desire of companies to grow 
to protect profits in an era of 
reform and cost-cutting. 

lhe merger has been ap- 
proved by the boards of both 
companies, they announced. 

American Home will revise 
its $95 tender offer to CVana- 
mid shareholders up to $101 
and will give shareholders an 
extra week, until SepL 14, to 
selL 

The deal is the culmination erf 
about a month’s worth of dis- 
cussions between the iop_ execu- 
tives of the two companies. 

“After a thorough analysis of 
. _ - U ... in- 


European Stocks Rally 


ssss^TiSrfiSS EE^fiSSe.^uf«.s 3 

S m said^-We consider this is sufB- pnK figure ct 2S percent 

interest rates Tuesday as a sign dent on U.S. rates for some The British Chambers of 
a^detammation to fight infla- time, and die market seems to commerce said the figures cot- 

be taking the same view. finned that mflauonary pres- 

‘ TWers said the half-percent- British shares posted the big- sures remained muted. 

aae-Domt rise in US. rates was gest gains after government *‘j t would be premature of 
SFSfa tonsive and lasting data showed reflation at a 27- the government to put up - mter- 
move bv the Federal Reserve year low and unemployment ^ rat es with such low inflation 
to keen inflation in falling, apparently ruling out an and only a third of firms iwork- 
£3? US Ses mot ex-’ reunite nse in British inter- to fil capacity,” said Ricb- 




INTERNATIONAL MANAGER 


aian Tycoon Tackles Infrastructure 

* ... cl i Knr,nn err-, you want Hong Kong to be on t 

By Edward A. Gargan . first superi^wx, a $U &e only way to do itis to put t 

New York 1 hoes Service to£lo ?. T ^ T^ r ZL into the center of China." ^ 


SSS? Ml r eSSSSXX BriS inter- SSH, .SdSf «U Rich- 

pected to ramtn stable for at cst rate* deelera said. id Brown, deputy director- 

The Financial Times-Stock general of the agency. 

—I The Bank of England said 

137 percent, to 3,19030, lea oy month it might have to raise 
improvement to banJong and J^^Tinflalion. 



blue^p added LUper- of Commerce said 

„ . "iXuA into in Mi- SrS’^E^s’w^ 

UCIUre lan bucked ^ “Atag He 

collapse of con 


mCLCiSJ UUUl uit, Mvnv— w- ---d - - 

H ONGKONG— Real estate is w Guangzhou, the commercial hub ot 

the biggest game in town here, southern China. . 

The wSlth of those in the - Woik on a second highway, from the 
business has raced ahead in Portuguese colony of Macao to ‘Tmmgz- 

Sctic heights. L1 ^ from Guangzhou to Changsha, tbecapi- 

^Sui Gorton Wu, from his offi ce 64 • •- 

.'Yon have to like the 

ty '2^t-ste every Tom, Dick, Hany concept oi bnflding roads 
and Trump,” he grouped. “1 want to go . p Qwer plants. They 

m Mr^wSfS^bMm hngfdy sacceafid in nee d roads and they need 

n nasg s^s power plants in Asia." 

John Knkel, analyst at HG Aria 


170U9. IIUI 1W — — . 

concentrated on long-term P r 9J«*s, 
building superhighways and power 

P, ^^fedSb^Tl become prob- 
ably the world’s largest mdq»dent 

nova oroducer,” Mr. Wu said, htsyer- 
pqwer prouwm* , ,wi Tv«s£fnL 


ably the wortas said, unfurling a map of uuna 

power producer ^Sj^^SSJhoastfnL mahogany conference table in his office. 
M swagger more o£fhandti^boas*il- Hong Kong to be really suc- 

He has four power X - cesrfuL If you* look at the histoiy of 

running, one in Chma and thrwm ittie have Boston. You have 

PM&s- T^o more m pmadelplna. You have Baltunore, Sa- 

struction, one m Chma and anote WTina ^ p How come all of these ports 

“tS^Mr-Wur^edOto-s Bivev.tbe Erie Canri,tbe Great I^eaU 


Deters) from the boraer of Hong Kong __ D lans, Mr. Wu and his main 

o Guangzhou, the commercial hub of Holdings, have won 

"*^<£^S»nd highway, from the a reputation for boldness 
Portuguese colony of Macao to Guangz- “The company.” a .Credit Lyonnais 

irwLstaits in October, and Mr. Wu Secunties report said, has acquired 
Jopes to finish a 650-kilometer highway something of a reputatjon for becoming 

SGunugrirou to M*, the cap- MM y- *SS 

* tors feared to tread.” 

'Yon have to like the 

concept of bnfldmgroatb 

and power plants. 1 ney tend to admire his vision but confess to 

need roads and they need ^ 

power fkMM . 

John Rntd, analyst at HG Asm P^- 

: — -U is very difficult to get a hold onthe 

tel of Hunan Province in central China, complex s“bsidiari« and JS 

Sore the end of the centuiy. and the jBnancing sitiMbon. Buthe ooes 

explain the logic of this,” Mr. Wu have a vision,’ Mr. Pmkel addwL ‘Yo 

a i w> of China ootbe have to like ttecooo^tofb«to.|rMds 

mahosanv conference table in his office, and power plants. The concept is very 

Sf&at safMM 

JSSS^SSiSS^SSSS see TYCOON, Page 11 


133 percent, to 10335.W, nog- ^ ^ ^ mdex 0 .65 percetu. to n Lyonnais , 

gedbVthe weak lira and ongo- shows no 1.883.63 points. SS^rtSiJSSSi 

id g poUtical concerns. ?Sfor a base rate rise.” The latest polls point to vie- francs ($374 nullio 

In Britain, the so-called n ^ 0, R J vemment ^ wry for the Social Democrat in Gfentrale des E 

headline inflation rate feD to 23 ™ 8° f Britons the SepL 18 election. Instead of Credit Lyonnais 

percent in July from 2.6 percent on a season- detailed spending cuts com- FN AC late last yea 

in June, the Central Staanod therixth bined with tax increases that of a reS cue packag 

Office said. Analysts had been aUy “^“[■J e b ^, ODt h, to financial markets had bom ex- pa renL GMF, a m 

expecting inflation of 2.6 per- j^at put the peering, reports in the Swedish surance company o 

cenL a _ at 9 P “ nex- pressed the Social Democrats ^ up f or civil sen 

Underlying inflation, which would slash interest rates and 

excludes mortgage interest pay- cent, down . pert work for lower unemployment. — 

meats and is thought to be the June. 

Investors Now Hope Bundesbank Stands Pat 

J DJrrnm an Lan des bank Giroz 


Included are American Auer a uioiuu&f> 

Home’s flagship brands, the American Home Products in- 
painkillers Advil and Anacin. creased offer, our board con- 
its Chef Boyardee, Gulden’s duded that a corabmation ot 
mustard and other food brands, ^e lw0 companies would maxi- 

along with Cyanamid’s Cen- mjze value for our stockholders 

tnim vitamins, surgical devices, lead to the creation of a 
vaccines, and a variety of msec- highly competitive participant 
brides and herbicides. in our markets,” Albert Costel- 

American Cyanamid shares j D Cyanamid’s chairman and 
surged $235 to $9630 on the ^ef executive, said. 

New York Stock Exchange, Costdlo had uutially 

while American Home rose 373 been cool to a deal, which was 
cents to $5935. introduced to him in a July 

The deal is the biggest of a TunronFll Pace 10 

series of health care industry See MERGIUL, rage iv 

Rate Rise I “ 5(1 ~ 

Average personal earnings, Most of FNAC 
which are seen by economists as ^ 

a forward indicator of retail 

prices, rose 3.75 percent in the PARIS— The real estate 
12 months through June, un- magnate Francis Pinault 
changed from May, in line with looked set Wednesday to 

analysts’ expectations. ( Bloom - add FNAC, France's lead- 

berg, Knigfu-Ridder, ATX) htg books and music chain, 

to his stable of major retail- 

.Wfeht^ncyDrop 

The Swedish krona fell as in- - Gentrale des Eaux, 

vestors panicked on reports of which 0W ns a third of 

the opposition Social Demo- h expected to an- 

cratic Party s plans for the nounce Thursday whether 
economy if it wms a general ^ j B right of 

election next month, Reuters over the two- 

1 reported from Srockhohn. thirds stake held by Credit 

B The ^pUar rose to 7.8 9 -3 luo- Lvonnais> the troubled 
na m New York from 7.825. sl ^ tevrun bank. 

1 ^' l ^Fdrcigners are sdlingthey're A source close to the deal 

i cettiDR twt of Sweden,” a for- said the water utility would 

i agn-exchange trader said. But probably mmntam^ stake 

s thestock market edged up, with but wwWnm 1 Wock 

e the benchmark Affaersvaenden Pinault s offer to buy CreO 

h Sdat rising 0.65 percent, to it Lyonnais’s stake 

o 1 8W.63pomts. about 2.0 billion French 

* The latest polls point to vie- francs ($374 million), 
d wry for the Social Democrats in Gfenferale des Eaux and 

is the SepL 18 election. Instead of Crtdit Lyonnais bought 

i- detailed spending cuts com- FNAC late last year as part 

h bined with tax increases that D f a rescue package for its 

o financial markets had been ex- parenL GMF, a mutual in- 

ie peering, reports in the Swedish surance company originally 

r- press said the Social Democrats ^ U p f pr rivil servants. 


Average personal earnings, 
which are seen by economists as 
a forward indicator of retail 
prices, rose 3.75 percent in the 
12 months through June, un- 
changed from May, in line with 
analysts’ expectations. (Bloom- 
berg, Knigfu-Ridder, ATX) 

■ Swedish Currency Drops 
The Swedish krona fell as in- 
vestors panicked on reports of 
the opposition Social Demo- 
cratic Party's plans for the 
economy if it wins a general 
election next month, Reuters 
reported from Stockholm. 

The dollar rose to 7.8923 kro- 
na in New York from 7.8253 
Tuesday. . 

“Foreigners are seltingthey re 
getting out of Sweden,” a for- 
eign-exchange trader said. But 
the stock market edged up, vnth 
the benchmark Affaersvaenden 
index rising 0.65 percenL to 
» 1,883.63 points. 

The latest polls point to vtc- 
[ lory for the Social Democrats in 
i the SepL 1 8 election. Instead of 
. detailed spending cuts com- 


1£»T-& g^Sj d r C o»aS 

sot the action they wanted from Bundesbank policy-makers A ‘ 3^ Corp. econo- 

toe Federal Reserve on Tues- return Thursday from a four- ^ Annin Kayser, said the 
dav: a half-point boost in U.S. week break. The dircoimt rate is Bun( jesbank would probably 
interest rates to squelch infla- 430 percenL and toe Lo™**™ take into account bullish do- 
tion. On Thursday, they’d like rate >s 6.0 percenL Analysts saia trends such as slower M- 

some old-fashioned inaction the Bundesbank probaniy 3 mODe y supply growth and m- 
from toe Fed’s inflation-bat- would try to show thatitsdea- natioiL 

tline cousin, the Bundesbank, si on was not influenced oy me Wes[ern German annual in- 

° . 2 « j 1 l. nranl I nrTRHSe _ . . , . 1 ft in 


Landesbank Girozentrale in 
Duesseldorf said a strong eco- 
nomic recovery in the second 
quarter has taken away toe ar- 
gument for lowering the rates 
immediately. But toe Com- 
merzbank economist Peter 
Mueller says the Bundesbank 
may lower rates just to end 
speculation that recent rises in 

oV a : . 1. ..J Inlf-npsl 



from toe Fed’s miianon-oai- woold try to snow nation. . — 

ding cousin, the Bundesbank, si on was not influenced by the Wes[ern German annual in- Swedish 

“1 hope the Bundesbank will half-percentage point increase nalion gjowed to 2.9 percent in rate* ^mpound^i by the F 
do nothing, because with such a Tuesday m short-term U.S. in- JuJ ^ te e^peaed to continue move, signaled an end to lower 
measure they’d win time and tC rest rates. eaang. , . . . Geri ^?J^^ rv R ^. ter , A FX 

ggg jgBS p^q b « ag 

Buffett , Coke’s Top Shareholder, Increases Stake 

** . _ ' a Coca-Cola spokeswoman, peared tobearespoMetoa, suit 


’currencyajnterest ratk 


Cross Ratos „ _ 

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IrthrrrtflltOB rate 51 ^ 

Celt money mT 5 s 

WiontniBiertm* 

Gold 

AM. PM. Cti^se 
Zurich 37445 37715 + 0 M 

Laodoo 37740 37776 +040 

New York 38270 38230 —040 

US risHae$ per ounce. LMtesnaMclaltb- 
hm^irkitceteNtmtYarkcpaibteritte^ 
Mb prices; now Yort Come* (December.} 
Source: Neuters. 


Bloomberg; Business News 

ATLANTA — Warren Buf- < 
felt, long Coca-Cola Co-s larg- 1 
est shareholder, bought 4.9 mil- 
lion more shares \n July, j 
boosting his stake to 99.9 mil 
lion shares, according to film gs 
with the Securities and ex- 
change Commission. 

Mr. Buffett purchased 
4,900,980 shares between Jidyl 
and July 25 at $41.16 to $4^-68 

Tbus, Mr. Buffett has spent 
at least $201 million to increase 
his stake in the world’s largest 

^“^99.87,,. 80 

Coke shares, about 7.75 percent 
of toe Atlanta-based company's 
shares outstanding. , 

That stake is worth slightly 
i more than $4.6 billion, based on 
! Coke’s recent trading pnos- 

k In June, he bought 1.6 mil- 
! lion shares, paying more than 
$63 million- 

Coca-Cola stock only recent- 
ly has broken out of a two-year 
b slump despite consistently 

0 strong earnings- . 

8 Coke stock traded Wghies- 

1 day at a record of W6-375 but 

muled off later to $46,125, up 
50 cents. 


Mr. Buffett is a director of 
Coca-Cola and has praised its 
managemenL 

In seminars, the billionaire 
investor has said: “If you are a 
know-something investor, able 
to understand business eco- 
nomics and to find five or 10 
sensibly priced companies that 
possess important long-term 
competitive advantages, con- 
ventional diversification makes 
no sense for you.” 

He is chairman of the invest- 
ment conglomerate Berkshire 
Hathaway Inc. in Omaha, Ne- 
braska, which reported a leap m 
earnings in May* largely be- 
cause of investment gains. 

Suit Filed Over *87 Contract 

Satra Group said it hadfiled 
a lawsuit against CtaarCoia 
and Coke affiliates chaimng 
them with breaching a 1987 
contract on terms of Coke s 
sales in the former Soviet 
Union, Reuters reported from 
1 New York. 

Satra said the suit seeks “not 
i jess than $150 million” and 10 
, percent of Coke's sales in the 
Former Soviet Union. 


~ a Coca-Cola spokeswoman, peared to be a re *^ 01 ^ M bY 

Polly Howes, denied the filed this 

charges and said the suit ap- Coca-Cola against Sa 


To our readers in Berlin 

You can now receive the IHT 

hand delivered to your home or office 
every morning on the day ofpubl*cat«n 
Just call us toll free at 0130 84 B5 85 


THE AIRCRAFT 
FOR YOUR 
BUSINESS 


CHARTER • SALES • MANAGEMENT 

ALG AEROLEASING 

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• KINSHASA ' SIN3A c u^.E • BE-...L 

Geneva 41-22/798 45 10 Zurich 41-01 /814 37 00 




«w*.W¥' 


<JS x i 







tj. J:5£ ^7^4-viki 


Page 10 


market diary 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST18, 1994- 



U S. /AT THE CLOSE 


Wall Street Has 
Second Thoughts 


Yn A w ooc a cd Piets 


Dow Jones Averages 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


Omni High Low um Qua. 


Metals 


Dow Jones 


l averaoe 1 ,ndut swl* stwjj sm.'n sham -+jb 
ir avetayt* i TnTO Wlli41 1<UU7 t404il iU i M ..jjg 

. I Utta IBM* irn.M ibsjw rsnCM _i*s 


Utah Lew Lost MW Ota 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Wall Street 
took a second look Wednesday 
at the Federal Reserve Board s 
interest- rale rise, with Treasury 
bond prices settling back and 
stocks consolidating after Tues- 
days rally. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
eraged closed 8.09 points lower 
at 3,776.48, but advancing is* 


Ujs. Stocks 


sues led declining ones by an 
ll-to-9 ratio on the New York 
Stock Exchange. 

The price of the benchmark 
30-year Treasury bond fell 
10/32 point, to 101 8/32, send- 
ing the yield up to 7.39 percent 
from 7.37 percent Tuesday. 

Conviction on Tuesday that 

the Fed’s half-percentage-point 
rate increase would stop infla- 
tion gave way to concern 
Wednesday that higher rates 
would slow the economy and 
make fixed-rate investments 
more appealing. 

“There's a real question as to 
whether higher interest rates are 
good, for the economy," Chris- 
tie McClellan of Robertson, 
Stephens & Co. said. 

Analysts said optimism 


about corporate earnings was 
being offset by a growing recog- 
nition that rising rates would 
lift corporate and consumer 
borrowing costs and make some 
fixed-rate investments more 
competitive. 

Concern that higher rates will 
curb economic growth drove 
paper and chemical shares low- 
er. The rate rise also hurt utili- 
ties, whose dividends become 
less attractive when yields on 
fixed-income investments rise. 

International Paper dropped 
1 !A to 71%. Boise Cascade eased 
Y* to 26V6, and Weyerhaeuser 
declined 1 to 40%. Dow Chemi- 
cal fell 1% to 69%. The Dow 
Jones utilities average slid 1.63 
points to 188.04. 

Some technology shares ral- 
lied after sironger-ihan-expecl- 
ed quarterly earnings from Ap- 
plied Materials, a maker of 
semiconductor man ufactu ring 
equipment, and from Hewlett- 
Packard on Tuesday. 

Drug stocks were boosted as 
takeover speculation rose in the 
industry after American Cyana- 
mid accepted a sweetened bid 
by American Home Products. 
Eli Lilly surged 3% to 58 and 
Warner-Lambert advanced % 
to 79 W. (Bloomberg, AP ) 



IBM* 189.9ft IB8JD4 10004 —145 
1317.40 131 734 1311 fit 1J1 Ml — 1JO 


CMC* _ Previous 

Bid Ask Bid Ask 

ALUMINUM fHtrt.OnuM) 

MiOn per RMtnctaa 
SSt 144BJ0 144*00 144080 144MB 

Hrwrt 147100 147150 14*900 147000 

COPPER CATHODES (High Grade) 

OoBora PBT I HBftK fOB 

Scot 2399 JO H01J0 23*400 239550 

Fonmni aniao 24 vim 24ouo ram 

lead 

SI JO SMB 

Forward 58100 58400 57150 57400 
NICKEL 

2S°” flern sna&Q Slim 556100 557500 
Forward 570000 570309 545000 557000 
TIN 

ISl mWM StB5O0 O, 5Ha0D 514000 515000 
Forw ar d 52(500 527000 522000 523000 


Standard A Poor’s Indexes 


Industrials 

Tmftso. 

Utilities 

Finance 

5P5W 

SP 100 


Htefc Law don Cbta 
544JM 54L71 5004 +1.13 
30434 mm 30107 — EiJS 
19932 15705 150.15 — 1JS 
4505 4166 4172— ai5 
46501 46457 46117 + 0.16 
43007 42901 430.16 +127 


NYSE Indexes 


16000 15903 16000 .16000 —200 . 
1607 3 mm 16030 16050 —200 . 


16000 13KB 13*35 15*35 —200 

Apr H.T. K.T. N.T. 1S8LOO — 13S 

Mar N.T. N.T. N.T. 157m — TJ5 

JUM 15500 ISLOC 1S5D U5JS -108 

EsLveluno: Hitt- 0 pm M 980*8 


First Piece of Confederation life Sold 

TORONTO (Reuters) — Sun LifcA^ranreCo.^ Cnri* 
said Wednesday it had reached an agreement to r ; ^ 

endjOT Iifeliijraiance Co/s U.K. subsidiary . Confederation U.K. 
Holdings PLC for an undisclosed amount. „ , . 

“As a result of this transaction, Confederaoon UJC 
bt «,h«di«v nf Sun Life of Cana ri a , 


BRENT CRUDE OIL «PEJ 

UJ. donors per torrtMete of 1000 tornde 


dkib aay ai w sh hub s ou iq j 


KBl) Lew LOS* 


ZINC (Special MM Grade} 
DoUuro per metric tan 


Composite 

industrials 

tramp. 

unity 

Rncmee 


256.70 256.15 2S60O +0.1S 
31737 31407 317.04 +047 
745-68 244m 244JS +009 
21233 21084 21 MM —035 
Z1SJ6 21481 31113 +0.10 


93950 94050 94180 9425B 
96400 965m *6100 96&M I 


Sep 

1709 

]^jfD 

1X01 \ 

Oct 

17.18 

14 

T7jM 

Nov 

1705 

Vr 

1705 

Dec 

1375 

MS* 

1475 


1485 

1605 

1405 

Feb 

1380 

1457 

-S3 

1480 

1454 


1460 

1453 

1455 

» 

1465 

N.T. 

K 

T*42 

HT. 

Jhr 

N.T. 

N.r. 

N.T. 

too 

N.T. 

N.T. 

N.T. 

Eg. volume; 4U4}, 

Open ltd 



Financial 


F M A 

1094 


J J A 


NASDAQ Indexes 


NYSE Most Actives 



VoL 

Hgh 

Low 

Last 

0*0. 

TuiMex 

614S6 

44ft 

67'., 

65ft 

♦ Vi 

Merck 

55475 

34ft 

33T. 

34 ft 

4 *'4 

ACvon 

48514 

96ft 

96 

96ft 

-2ft 

Kmart 

41630 

18 

17ft 

IB 

♦ft 

Cowpati 


37ft 

36ft 

379, 

-ft 

GnMotr 

I’-'-l 

51ft 

50ft 

51ft 

- ft 

Fords 


31ft 

30ft 

30ft 

-ft 

Qwyar 


40ft 

47ft 

48 ft 

♦ Vi 

IBM 

1^ 

65ft 

64ft 

65ft 

-ft 

mcDpms 

76ft 

74 ft 

76ft 

-ft 

WalMart 

Ufe 

74ft 

74ft 

- ft 

AbtLafa 


31ft 

30ft 

31V, 

-ft 

PspsIC 

33ft 

3Jft 

33ft 

♦ ft 

CocaO 

4Aft 

45ft 

46ft 

-ft 

TovRU 

22427 

37ft 

36 

37 

♦ 1ft 



High 

Law 

1 net 

Cba. 

Composite 
Industries 
Banks 
insurance 
■ Finance 
Trane- 

74136 
76333 
777 J3 
91783 
950.13 
72386 

T349B 

73744 

775.41 

*1488 

94883 

71*85 

7418* 

74333 

77785 

*1**8 

94088 

77095 

•♦685 
+488 
+ 202 
+314 
♦ 1.92 
+ 202 

AMEX Stock Index 


Mtfl 

LOW 

LON 

dig. 


44**5 

44366 

44AM 

+ 18* 


Dow Jo n— Bond Avorag— 


HM Lo w O we anm 1 

MAOHTH STERUNG CUFFEJ 

fSBOAW • Pta of HO pet 

Sep 94L21 9483 94.16 +113 

me 9145 9126 9X36 +0.13 

Me r 9X85 92. 6B *£74 +0.11 

4W» 9U4 93.15 9122 +0.10 

Sop 9 W0 9TJ6 91.7B -him 

Dec 91JT7 *1,40 *181 +085 

Mar 91 JO 91.17 91.19 +086 

Jin *1.10 90.98 *180 +086 

SOP *090 *082 9083 +089 

Doc 9075 S*LS7 9087 +0l87 

MOT 9083 90.53 9083 +110 

Jon 90-30 «U3 9043 +088 

Eat. volume: 90.185, Open ML: 531712 
MONTH EURODOLLARS (LIFFE) 

nmnun-ixs ones pet 

sop *430 948* 948* +083 

Dec 94M *427 9428 +0.13 

Mar NX N.T. 9484 +014 

Jan K.T. N.T. 9X73 +017 

BOP N.T. N.T. 9145 +017 

Eat. volume: 4M. Open hit.; a 


Stock Indexes 


Nteti Low am Ownpo 
FTSEHOOJFFD 
05 Per Mex poW 

Sop 323B8 31728 32078 +5*8 

Dec 32220 £M0 3221,6 4-54J 

Mar N.T. N.T. 32418 +545 

Eat. volume: 1885*. Optn bit.: 60466. 


CAC4B (MATTFl 


203080 203389 204680 +3280 
Sep 2SSL50 2040® 205050 +3100 

OO 20S880 205080 206380 +3280 

Dec N.T. N.T. 2DB2J0 +328S 

Mar 210080 210080 210*80 +9280 

E*L vOkime: 22.M2.Open IrrU AftZlO. 


and poBcyhdldcis oCUjnieoeraaan lb c» ujv - 

..policybddaB of Sun Lifccf Canada,” the conjpai^^ 

San Life is Canada’s second-largest 
Life, the country’s f ouith-biggest insurer, is bong 
its collapse and takeover bywe Cana dian government last wees. 

Megafoods Files for Reorganization 

UJS. Bankruptcy code. 

■ Megafoods will contmne to pay vendors and employees to 
maintain operations, but is suspending all pre-petmon obliga- 
tions, indudino debt service*, interest expense and payment on 
capital IcascsTthe company said. - 
The company, which operates a chain of 71 discount grocery 
stores, said it was in discussions with its larger bondholders ana 
creditors regarding the reorganization. Megafoods sard il .had 
hired accounting fem Rice Wateriiouse& Co. to work with its 
regular auditors, Coopers & Lybrand. 


Sovran: Motif, Assoclotmd Prosx, 
London inn Financial Futuna exchange. 
Inti Putrotoum Exchange. 


20 Bonds 
tounimcs 

10 Industrial} 


Otno QW 

*7.90 —086 

W84 —0.1* 

10185 + 086' 


MWONTH EUROMARK5 JUFFE) 
DM1 raHHoR - pnoVIBB pa 


NASDAQ Most Actives NYSE Diary 


Dollar Falls as Focus 
Shifts to Bundesbank 


Intel 

Chens 

wuesns 

Novel 

DcflCptr 

MHnonx 

APWMM 

DECS 

APwrCvs 

SfcvScion 

3Com 

Orocbos 


VOL 

tflgh 

Law 

Last 

an. 

22* 

64V U 

6W« 

63V, 

-JVu 


24 ft 

22ft 

74 

♦ Hi 


54 ft 

55ft 

55ft 

♦ | 

ISft 

149* 

15 


35ft 

33ft 

35ft 

-r-n 

'• ir 

164ft 

15ft 

16ft 

- l lrf u 


54ft 

50 

52 

—ft 

301 SI 

25ft 

24ft 

25ft 

-ft 

29412 

19ft 

17ft 

19 

-1ft 

+*+ 

Ufa 

I’.ft 

Vjt 

—ft 

58ft 

56ft 

58ft 

+ 2ft 

Zi'-r 

40 

38V, 

3?ft 

-1ft 

35ft 

34 ft 

35 

♦ 

xt n 

22ft 

21 

22'.t 

-IV,- 


6ft 

6ft 

6ft 

» Vi. 


Acnmced 
Declined 
Uncnanocd 
Tided issues 
NewHipns 

Ww LOWS 


1183 1275 
*57 919 
71* 6BB 


AMEX Diary 


Compiled tv Our Staff From Dupauha 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
fell against the Deutsche mark 
Wednesday as the market spec- 
ulated that the Bundesbank 
would not lower interest rates 
Thursday. 

“The dollar is weak against 
everything from Tuesday’s 
dose," said Brian O’Rourke, 


AMEX Most Actfvi 


Advanced 
Declined 
Uncnonped 
Total issues 
Now Hiatts 
Mew lows 


The dollar finished at 5.3275 
French francs, down from 
5.3540, and fell to 1 J035 Swiss 
francs from 1.3114 Swiss 
francs. 


The pound was up to 
51.5415, compared with 
SI. 5395. 


OwvSfts 

ToflPOt 

WIMrd 

XCLLW 

EttioBoy 

Elan 

ViacB 

Hasbro 

RmrafOB 

I van Co 


VoL Mob 
6058 Ft 
5Q58 13H 
SD47 m 
*806 !■« 
3713 10*V 
3471 36*4 
2909 3A>4 
2711 3m 
2629 4 
2487 19* 


NASDAQ Diary 


Advanced 
Declined 
Unchonped 
Tone issues 
n«HWe 
i New Laws 


Spot Commoc&tles 


Sos- 9589 9584 9586 +083 

LSSc *484 *485 *686 +082 

'Mar *467 9454 9457 +083 

Jim 9*31 *420 9431 UdCtl. 

SOP 9481 *38* 938* —081 

DtC 9171 93J* 93J* —083 

MOT *351 *341 933* —082 

JIM 9388 *320 9318 — 883 

3ep *389 9387 9X01 —082 

Dec *188 *288 *282 —M2 

Mv *275 92-75 928* — 082 

Jon *282 T2.5B *285 -082 

Est. volume: 11*323. Open Inu 787815. 
3-MONTH PI BOR (MAT1F} 
FMmlBHM.MSofWPCt ^ +m| 

Doc 9387 *380 *388 +084 

Mar 9358 9351 *152 +084 

Jon *383 9X34 9X24 +081 

S»> 9387 92*9 9280 —081 

Doc 9284 9X72 9X74 —082' 

Mv *28* 925B *258 —082 

Jon 928V 9242 9X43 —081 

Est. volume: 448*0. Open tut.: 19+410. 

LONG GILT (UFFE1 

smoo > pti a 32ndi or im Pd 
Sep 102-22 101-08 ISM* +045 

Me 102-07 101-00 100-29 +007 

Est. volume: *8822. Open InL: 712857. 
GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND (LIFFE) 
DM 290888 - ptB of 180 pd 
Sep 9X43 *18* 9154 —BJ0 

Dec 9150 9063 9067 —887 

Est. vo lurm: 158821. OPOtt hit: 167816. 
10-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS (MAT IF) 
FFOOWO-ptsotlMpct 
Sep 11580 «4a» 11482 —888 

Dec 11434 11X34 11384 —0X8 

Mv 11148 130JD 11172 — 040 

Joo N.T. N.T. 112.12 —088 

EsL votume: 1*1 JHB. Open Ml.: 137890. 


DMdandt 


Par And Pay Roc 


IRREGULAR 

British Petr ADR C 577 IMS 71-7 

Imperial Omiti Ind e RE +25 ini 


I Ind C 8015 3-25 18-11 
Q -4723 HM W-M 

■er ADR- 


STOCK 

Esmar correct] .5% 9-2 9-16 

Natl Inc Rlfy - IB % 9-1 Ml 

REVERSE STOCK SPUT 
Pkmts Far Tomorw 1 for 20 reverse wflL 


Minnesota Sues Tobacco Companies 

ST. PAUL, Minnesota (AP) --The state of Minnesota and its 
largest private health jn sumnne- company filed a lawsuit Wednes- 
day accusing U.S. tobacco compames of conspiracy, fraud and 
antitrust violations. , 

The lawmh seeks to recover the taxpayers’ share of billions ot 
dollars, that state residents havepaid m smoking-related health 
care costs, according to state officials and Blue Cross and Blue 
Shidd of Minnesota. ' 

The camplamt contends that the cigarette companies broke a 
promise to tefl the troth about smoking and health and have 
united '.m a conspiracy to cover up their knowledge about the 
addictive, lethal qualifies of cigarettes; In May. Florida passed a 
law that will allow the state to file suit'on behalf of Medicaid 
patients who smoke. 


Improving Economy Helps TVA Net 


Foreign Exchange 


chief dealer at Sumitomo Trust. 
“There was lot of blood out 
there, and the wounds haven't 
healed yet." 

In Europe, the dollar was un- 
able to sustain a rally that came 
after the U.S. Federal Reserve 
Board raised short-term interest 
rates Tuesday. 

German assets will remain 
more attractive to investors 
than those denominated in the 
U.S. currency because U.S. 
.rates are still lower. 

■ The dollar finished at 1.5516 
.’DM in New York, down from 
1.5615 DM on Tuesday. It de- 
clined against most other major 
‘currencies as well, falling to 
; 100.14 yen from 100.49 yen. 


“The rate hike was widely ex- 
pected. and now we've resumed 
the downward course of the 
dollar. 11 said Alfonso Alejo, se- 
nior proprietary trader at Sa- 
kura Bank Lid. The dollar 
climbed Tuesday after the Fed- 
eral Reserve raised rates. 


Market Sates 


Commodity 
Aluminum, lb 


Today 

aaso 

NYSE 30*85 

ArTVIX 14-M 

NaMaa 30988 

In millions. 


Iran FOB. Inn 
Lead, id 
S liver, rrov a 
Steel (scrap), ion 
Tin. ib 
i Zinc, lb 


pi". Industrials 

QA54 

1.13 HM LOW LOST Some CN40 

21380 GASOIL (IPE1 

0-3* ui. doDort per metric loo-lots of wo tens 
Sop 15180 14R5D 15080 19080 — 285 
11987 M 151 -a 15375 15X75 153J5 —250 

^ Hw 15475 1SSB U680 15650 - 280 

IMM1 Dec 1SBJ5 157 JB 15885 15&25 —285 



Q 875 
O JT 
O 865 
G .18 
Q 8835 

. a 8* 

Q .12 
O .15 

p § s 

Q .17 
Q 80 


9-16 HO 
9-16 1M 
Ut 10-3 
846 F6 
*-* 1IM 
*>14 *46 
*-19 10-1 
HO TO-14 
8-30 *-* 

*-15 TO-14 
*-15 104 
9-9 10-1 
*-* *43 
*40 10-M 

8- 2* *-15 
H MO 
*4 TO-t 
*-1 *41 
*-1 *-15 

9- 21 10-10 
*-1 *-15 

8-22 9-6 

9 22 10-12 

841 9-15 
*-16 104 
841 *-15 . 

Ml 9-15 
8-24 846 , 


KNOXVILLE, Tennessee (Bloomberg) — Tennessee Valley 
Authority’s net income for the third quarter rose 43 percent on an 
improving economy, and above-normal July temperatures, the 


et income l<x thequarterrose to $67 million, from S47 million 


revenue inaeased 5 percent to $3.9 billion. 

TVA, a subsidiary of Gattanoog Valley Corp., manages hydro- 
electric dams, coal plants and nuclear power plants. 


Investors reasoned that the 
Bundesbank would hold rates 
steady amid mounting evidence 
that the German economic re- 
covery was strengthening Fast- 
er growth is often accompanied 
by higher inflation, a prospect 
the German central bank finds 
abhorrent. 


MERGER: American Home Products Buys Cyanamidfor $9.7 Billion 


If the Bundesbank does not 
act. that will leave Germany’s 
discount rate at 45 percent, 
compared with the 4 percent 
charged by the Fed. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg) 


Continued from Page 9 

phone call from John Stafford, 
chairman of American Home. 

In making the first bid on 
Aug. 2, Mr. Stafford said his 
company had been watching 
Mr. Costello's efforts to make 
Cyananrid more profitable. 

Mr. Costello, who took the 
reins of Cyan amid 18 months 
ago, has cut costs and shed un- 
profitable divisions in an effort 
to transform the company from 
a slow-growing chemical con- 


cern to one more rooted in 
pharmaceuticals. 

This year, Cyanamid got 
back in the black after an un- 
profitable 1993 and its share 
price rose from a range near S4S 
to S63 at the time of the Ameri- 
can Home offer. 

Still, analysts have noted that 
neither company has a signifi- 
cant number of new, potentially 
profitable products in the 
works, leaving an increase in 
size as the mam motivation for 
a merger. 


The companies did not im- 
mediately say whether Mr. Cos- 
tello would have a position in 
the combined concern. Al- 
though job cuts are expected as 
redundant administrative, sales 
and research staffs are consoli- 
dated, the companies have not 
said how much. 

American Home apparently 
plans to use debt to finance 
much of the purchase. It is 
working with Chemical Bank in 
New York to set up a syndicate 
of lenders that would provide 


up to $9 bfflion in credit, ac- 
cording to a filing with the Se- 
curities and Exchange Commis- 
sion. 

American Home; based in 
Madison, New Jersey, had $83 
billion in sales in 1993 and $13 
billion in profit 
Pressure to cut prices from . 
managed care programs set off 
a scramble among health care 
companies to consolidate on. 
the presumption that there is 
strength in size. 

(AP, Blo omberg) 


Asbestos Settlement Is Approved 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) —A federal judge Wednesday gave 
final approval to a $1.3 billion settlement to resolve about 100,000 
injury claims in a class-action lawsuit against 20 makers of 
asbestos products, the Center for Claims Resolution said. 

Federal Judge Loweil Reed Ir. approved the settlement, which 
covers daim* against com panies including as Axnchem Products 
Inc, Armstrong World Industries Ino, Pfizer ImCGAF Corp.. 
National Gypsum Co. and Union Carbide Corp. 

The settlement, reached in negotiations between asbestos liabil- 
ity. plaintiffs' Lawyers and the dorter, based in Princeton, New 
Jersey, allows workers who can show they were figured by asbes- 
tos to win of $2,500 to $200,000. 


For die Record 


Bank of Ireland said its U.S. trait Bank of Ireland First Hold- 
ings Inc. had weed to buy Great Bay Bankshares Inc. of New 
Hampshire for $52.6 minkm.: (AFX) 


signing a distribution agreement with Sear& Roebuck and Co. 
Sears will sell Compaq’s home and small-office personal comput- 
ers in more than 700 stores. -j v - - - -• (Knight-Ridder) 
- TIT Corai said it bad. raised its stake in Italian company 
Cigahotds SpA to 35 percent from 243 percent; an ITT spokes- 
man said the purchases were made in the open market 

(Reuters) 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


U.S. FUTURES 


Season Seaton 
Hbh Low 


Oral rtOh Low One 0*0 QpJnt 


Stuum seam 


'■ Afluot France l* l» uu Aug. 17 


Via Amdolad Prm 


Own HWi Low am Qio Quint 


Seaton Seam 

W®h Low 


1W Tun-tdae *820 
Tub'S open fat 3X472 up 111 

aWAN-WOlBjDn (NCSEJ ItUOks-m 
1260 -UJOcm lljf iiji HJ4 

1X18 *J7Mar99 T1J1 IT JO 11 JO 

IMS JS'SHSL* 1 11-2 nJS ftJt 

If® ilJB 1X75 11 JO 

11.90 lOJffOcf 95 1181 1U0 1X54 

11.80 KUtMar** 1185 1185 . ft JO 
U-56 . 1_1JM6WL«»_WJ» 1188 11.18 

Ettwlei UUKW ftw'B.ms 1X371 
Tue'sopnn lnl 1 1L634 up CTO 
CPQTA tNCSB Mnwtrlc taw- 1 Mr km 


Amsterdam 


ABN Amro Hid 
. ACFHoMMB 
- Aegon 
Ahold 

, AkuNobol 
AMEV 

Bols-Wessonen 

CSM 

DSM 

• E Howler 
FoWtor 

. Gfst-Brocodei 
HBG 

H olnofcon 

HooBovens 

• Hunter Dougin 
, IHC Cakusd 

intorMuoller 
inn Nadertond 
KLM 
KNPBT 
KPN 


Rtwimneiaii 
Sdierlng 90 

Siemens 6* 

Thvssen 
Varta 

Vefta 54 

VEW 3* 

Vtao 

Volksiwwn 
Welle l 

DAX.ImIex: 21628* 


Ooen HWi Low am aw count 


330 327 Forte 

*15 GEC 

6*a7De79jg GflfTI Acc 
317320.20 Glaxo 
3M 325 Grand Mol 
54550547 20 GRE 
390-50382 50 Guinness 
4*2 489 GUS 
513509.40 Hanson 
1043 1043 Hlllsdcmm 


f” ^ (Montreal Stockholm 

L35 689 Alcan Aluminum 3H« 33*4 AGA 62 

446 4.38 Bor* Monrreal 24V. Vb Asea A 614 

135 1 JO Bell Canada 43 C*e AstroA 163 

467 489 Bomtwnner B » 20 Alias Coaco 89.50 

X73 SM ComWor 17 I7ln Electrolux B 371 

261 2M Cascades _ , . 614 5Vi Ericsson 432 

1.77 1_76 Dominion Text A 7Va 64. Esselte-A 99 

7.54 782 A 13H IM HandetAonken 8650 

886 880 FCA Inti 4W 4.10 Investor B 163 

482 4J1 MaCMIllon Bl IBPCi 1BV Norsk Hydro 256JO 


Previous : an 81 


Helsinki 


OaGrinten 

PoWmed 

PMitos 

Polygram 

Robeco 

Rodamca 

Rollnco 

Rorenta 

Rovol Dutch 

Stork 

Unilever 

vonOmmcren 

VNU 

VKHters/Khmer 


Amer-Yhtvmo 

Enso-Gutroit . 

Hutitamakl 156 IM Marks 5a 483 480 

K.O.P. *60 *85 ®JEPC 455 4_52 

Kvmmene 126 125 l{ori Power Sill 46B 

Mrtrq 163 171 NalWesI 487 461 

Nokia 4*1 491 Hmwjtwmer 542 

Pohlolo 65 67 Pearson 644 687 

Rwola *2.10 V* P.fcO 7.05 6.B7 

Stockmann 238 340 P'lklngjon 189 1.94 

WSMSKsaK- 1 Ik H 


HSBCHhJus 

ici 

Inchcape 
KinotlSher 
Lodbroke 
Land Sec 
.Laoorte 
Losmo 


n | m Toyota 21*0 21 B0 

Dlm Votnalchl Sec 8*0 880 

l8 617 -2GD5 

8* Jo *0L» 

*9 100 

» Toronto 

25*Uo 256 *«««>< . W I860 

116 115 AWikn Eoole 16*j 1 tv, 

118 IM AlrCaiada 7V* 716 

S m AttertnEnerov 21 20W 

4180 4180 Am Barrick Da m m 

105 tiM BCE 461h 47tb 

Is 140 Bk Nova Scotia 26H 26U 

i§ is sssa™,, js: 

437 43V BC Telecom 2*1 25Vk 


754 782 Donohue A 

886 880 FCA Inti 


482 461 I MaCMIlianBI 


588 582 | Nall Bk Canada Vet *ii Procardia AF 


1,73 Poner Corp. 


660 667 Proviso 

aio ii3 Quebec Tel 


154 Ouobecar A 


123 132 LeoalGenGrp 451 «3 QuetecorB 

4250 <2.10 Ltovds Bonk 555 5.40 I TeMtrtObO 


483 480 I Vldootron 




l«“ m- sandvtk b 

,*?> .S' SCA-A 

IS* l?? 1 S-E Banken 
jv, i?ta Skatdla F 
19’A 19 Skcnsko 

19 19 5<F 

11W 12 SKra 


Grains 


Index : 1*3X41 


6.44 687 

7.05 687 


T relic bora BF 9750 

Volvo BF 14* 

AHuertvoertdeo : 188X63 
Previous : 1871.41 


133 134 5£S2*_ 

4J7 43V y-" T *T5 Dm 

*750 *6 


14* 148 |^ Kwrtc * c 


18* 194 ACC *K 

5i® 555 


Camdev 4J0 At 

CISC 31*9 81*i 

Canadian Pacific 224 22 

Can Tire A list iiw 


516 5ft 
10ft 10 
7 7ft 
480 At 
31ft 31ft 


WHEAT (CBOY) IMbunliitam-MnMMM 
U7V. am Sep *4 X® X49ft 147 UF4-a01 T2.9QS 

XM 3A9 Dec *4 1*4 355ft 343ft X64Vi^fl ft 

38«1 127 MOT95 172 383ft 149ft 382ft=Sooft 

368 1I6WMCIV95 363ft 357 14Jft 144ft m 

IM 111 JU95 X44 144 3A4 145ft lJS 

Dec 93 1H 157ft 355 357ft * 050ft 2 

ESL VMS HA. Tue-L sales 22877 * 

Tue*5 ope n Irf 44 ,129 up 4165 
NjDT (XBOT) unumMiuit-aieiieMM 
342ft 37)2 ft Sep 94 340Vl 161ft 351ft 340ft — ADM 1X473 

170 117ft Doc 94 344ft 048 344ft 9816 

170 125 Mar 95 358 358ft 356 346ft 64m 

341 ITlft Altov 95 357ft 358ft 357ft 358 « 

347ft 116*1 Jul 95 34J 144ft 342ft 144ft— 001 M 

353W 355ft=SSJS 3 

MBft 350ftDec95 1JS —Ora 1 , 

Est sales HA. Tue-LSries 8573 I 


— OJM 5*544 
-R03 4056B 
-001 9810 
-am 3537 
+001 1579 


MmMctaa-tMrtai 


Rank Oro 

- Reefcincm 

,, 7, Redtand 

Hong Kong 'n« 

Bk East asm 31 W 1140 rmcgtoub 

Oiino uanr P«r 3*40 38H itora7sa^t n,,, 
Dairy Farm I nTI 1155 1185 ojz 
HongLunwOev 1360 1345 SjiSuiurr 
•Hang Seng Bank 505 5X25 ' scoInSL- 
Henderson Land <150 4320 I 
HK Air Eng. 3*80 32.93 I ^ " w 

hk ' Severn Tronl 

mk ciedn: "4J5 , o, n n 

St 3* iSJi 


Hong Kong 




Brussels 


AO Fin 
Afenanil 

Arbod 

Bcrco 

BBL 

Bekacrt 

CBR 

CHIB 

CMP 

Cocke rill 

Cabeca 

Colruvt 

Demon* 

EtoctraboJ 

Electro! mo 

GIB 

GBL 

Gtvaorf 

Glaverbef 

Immoeei 

KmHot&ank 


Reolcel 
Rovole Beige 
SocGen Banaue 
Sac Gen Botgknn 
Safina 
Sduny 
Tessenderlo 
Traetebel 
UCB 

Union AAJniere 
Wagons Uta 


w Atattel Afsttmn 
^ 487 SfE 601 ™ ,ae> 


501 4.90 

943 *58 


101 1.95 

4 351 


588 588 SL C p 

s? 

404 193 rESmevn 

5^5 S5 Clmenl5 Franc 

555 581 

IM EH-Aaultalne 

118 121 Euro D *WWV 

u ^ Gai EOUX 


404 1*3 

880 B JO I 


■U7 480 

555 584 


“ IS ! ™ Hecrw* ^ 
& nst m!s iisraa* fs 


703 782 1 

40* 1*2 


HK Teiecomn '.AX 15£C Swi AlJitrpre 
HK FetTY 1580 15 Ttoft 

Hurcn Whamnaa 3140 24 Tencn 

S3 tS55 ENU 

Joralmr TAam. 64. <5 I Tnmkim 

Jardlue Str Hid 30.10 2*.*S TSB*Gnvio 
Kowloon Motor 1LM 15 C5 unluS^ 
AAandortn Orient 1080 10.10 uwaivnilh 

fSZWlS&L S lh 


10a 187 

4J0 <83 

406 403 


II* 116 
443 *A4 


Haves 
I metal 

Loforae Conoee 
Legrand 
Lyon.Eaux 
Oreol IL'1 
LVJKLH. 

Matro+ioctietle 


1086 1088 | CJUSS!!!. 8 


US 287 
2-13 206 


Moulinex 
Par loos 


1« ’iS SraoSSiairt 

« 3 146 Peuaeol 


Sydney 

MUZ* IS 408 CCXJnd B 

BHP T»88 1982 Clnqptox 

Bora! 146 154 Commco 

Baugabtvllle C.73 6J8 ComvMt Expl 

Coles Mrer 482 481 CSAAAgtA 

Coiralco *S0 A*0 Dotasco 

CPA 1986 18J94 Dvlw A 

CSR <jW A62 Echo Boy AUiios 

Foster, Brew TJ3 109 EoolrrSllw A 

Goodtncn Field 78* 184 £CA[nl1 

ICI Australia ll.un.04 Fat Ina A 
Mcgelicti 1.95 1.95 Fletcher Chall A 

MIM 2*9 2*5 FPI 

Hat Aust Bcti* 11*3 1088 

News Caro B83 eJO 

Nine Network ajc 489 Hees Inti 

N Broken Hil! 155 1*5 Hw nteG W Mines 
I PocDunlao 450 *81 i*”im»er 

Pioneer inn 104 2*7 Mpranam 

Nmndv Fftsekttn 221 XU {152?* ^ 

OCT Resources 187 155 jmoaeo 

Sartos 1*5 1*7 

TNT 253 255 IPL Ene rgy 

'TTeSWrn Mining 783 787 JOMWk 

westnac Bankirg 457 45! “25? _ 

■JVoodSlde 481 485 t0Maw Co 


1*«S 20ft 
385 4.10 
we *ft 
4.95 +85 
21ft 22 
24ft 34ft 
10 10 
22T4 22Tl 

0-7* 081 

IS 15ft 
0J» 283 
4 4.10 


Tut'saaen U 39506 up M* 

CORN (CBuii UHBurMnni-HkntakM 

2.14 ScpH XWft 281 218ft 220ft -001 ft 3X075 

287 217 DSC 94 220ft 224ft 220ft 223ft HU2H 12X121 

202ft 224 AA0-95 280ft 233ft 229ft 137ft *o£ft MJ91 

285 282ft AtoV 95 186 289ft 234 288ft *102 Y. M^eo 

UJl 336ft 05 W 2*ft 753ft 1*0'^ 253-6 -Offl MH 

170ft 78* Sen *5 242ft 2J5'« 242ft Ks + o_j2 7 S7 

243 285ft Dec *J 741ft 258 254ft 247 >-010 5047 

55ft 157 0496 257 260 357 260 -007 ft 11 

Esc Saks HA. Tife's.ms 1*8« 

Toe's onen M 207.170 off 157S 

SOYBEANS (Cacm ugeum n wi tai eetuae 

785 JJlftAugM 583 502ft 552ft 501 -QRTft 4.174 

708ft 540ft S«D 94 567 575ft 566ft 574ft -194% 14074 

757ft 551 Nov *4 55* 567ft 557ft 555ft -O06ft 755J* 

704 550 Jm95 567 5.75ft 546ft 574ft -004ft aSl 

705 569 Marts 576 584ft SJSft 504 ♦ESft £fflt 

705ft 575ft MOV 93 583 5.91 382ft S.93W -007ft 127? 

704ft 571ft -M 95 587 SJS 566ft 5Nft -006ft tSt 

W “ i« *807 US 

SJB 177 Se» *5 5*5 -00515 » 

550ft 571ft Nov *5 LH HI 5M &HV* *5Sft 28T5 

^ W B 4.15 -au 


150 TOOipM I4B 1431 2389 

1388 1041DBCM 1471 1487 I4«S 

1605 1077A«r95 1512 1517 14B2 

«« 1® 1584 T3M 

1600 122SJU95 

1505 ISHSeafj 1560 1560 1540 

1633 1290 DOC *5 15B4 1506 15K 

M76 1 350 Mn- 96 

1642 mSAtoyN 1634 1636 lev 

138M TWk: Hdn 178*7 

SSS&fi/M SS^cmm. 

13400 8*.UNov*4 97.18 9800 9700 

13200 V30Om*5 10075 10200 10085 

13US 9L5DMT95 10100 10110 10190 1 

ijs Jsssrsssssaj 

m 1 ** *« ™ , 

Jon *6 ■ 1 

11250 llXaJSsoW i 

EAMa 700 TUVvMcs 2413 
Tue^cpen w 22021 off 165 


-3* 10887 
—30 1182 
— 26 2425 
-» 18*7 
—36 4JO 

—26 1414 

—36 50 


9IJD-1MI 90-34 + 03 SM 

jaBt.gamz NA TUP* &0M3 4J999 

Tj^operHnt 21024 off 111 

enpoau-ARS (Ohbd n iroeaveaofium 

is ass 

H" JHSfWnp tlSTQ 94JDD 93LP7D 94JB0 +5Q33£J&] 

9473D 90L7]QJua«5 S3440 92JX 9 IMO TOjSS 

■4M SfflS* 1 -?. S® 8 93jtfa 9388a *1430 +S714AS7 

TlWfaOKtfat 2840820 UP 3A4S7 

Itvmnl-lMduiilUltl 
1A44BMP *4 10H 15d( 18350 10414 -20 33L009 

1^0 ,JJIB 1JWB 1 - SM0 I- 090 ♦» ’-SM 

'XWMarH 18360 +20 151 


+100 5506 
+180 48*3 
+ IJH 2509 
+008 

♦055 ZB 
+105 8880 
+053 
+255 
HUB 


Tartopenw 2203* off 


Metals 


J-SSapM l-SOT 1-5*14 18350 1J4M 

wS l^ESSS 1 - 53 " 1JB " ,JM0 J3J 

JJSJ InnS Dec *4 27262 08265 072*5 072*7 
03« 17225 ^ 

gs gggg-w dznsa^o. 27,75^ 

y-e'jgrm 11 
SSKSS — ^ 

V&JSZ fSr K H ^ 

EJtsGe* HA. Toe’isBta a ,*® 

Tortamw m,i57 up BV9 


+7 35,127 
+9 2677 
+ 17 809 

♦ 17 375 

+ 19 87 

+20 9 


+22 102176 
+22 6804 
♦ 20 53 
+19 9 

+21 1>6I5 


shk££2° ,w MSS iSSft -is S2BSJLS22. 


Wellcome 

Wkitbread 


Rodlotectmktue 


IfHK Proas 5X75 5101 Waiie^ne ‘ 7 71s Rndlotectmtou 

,|tetux 118 116 £££, In Rh-PouiencA 

■ MnePacA 6185 S*J5 Sn 307 iTa Half. St. Louis 

TalOtoumPm 1005 Kto SfflTSm& 105 ttjSSSfSwmta 


£73 sjA 


P7E — 3J8 303 wiiiis wtrroon 105 1J 

Whorl Hold 12.10 31 E-T. 38 m detc : 2S82J0 

wnngoncoinii 1175 1100 WT 1 W JElg . 

Wlnaor'nd. 11.90 1105 

mSS - "**" 


Johannesburg 

AECI 2125 2. 

AHech ITS 


Correal Stack lmie> : 763149 

Previo u s : nn43 


Frankfurt 


AEG 

Alcatel SEL 

AHiam Held 

Altana 

Asko 

BASF 

Bayer 

Boy. Hypo bank 

&cv veromstt 

BBC 

BHF Bank 
BMW 

C cmnteraip nH 
Continental 
Daimler Beta 
Denusso 
Dt Batxnck 
Deutsche Bonk 

Dowlas 

Dresdner Bank 

FdWmwMe 

F KruppHaesen 

Harnene r 

Henkel 

HOCWtaf 

IRKChSl 

Holzmonn 


Anglo **nwr 

Barlows 

Blyvoor 

Dc Beers 

Drtefanlem 

Gencor 

GFSA 

Harmunv 
HtghvrW steel 
KlOoi 

NewankGra 
Hondtonteln 
Rusotat 
SA Brews 
SI Henna 
Sosol 

western Deep 


■SL Madrid 

25400 is acoCemrolHiso. 2 M SS 

J7 32 ~X Banco Sonlonder 5120 5070 


Solnl Goto In 
S.E.B. 

Sle General* 

Suez 

Thamsto-CSF 

ratal 

U8LP. 

Valeo 

CAC 40 ummj. 




London 


Abbev Noil 
Allied Lyons 
Aria w+»im 

Argyll Group 


1085 10.75 "g ” 

• I2HI04 S EPS ^ 3280 K 

« SO *500 |V>S 

1200 1200 “"WSO 5980 60 

12*05 IJ* Ercros 171 I 

2500 2600 [pWVrala 882 a 

» 32^5 3TO 39 

6 3 ti rotocflletti 23Sa 33 

34 34 rj Telefonica 1775 18 

47 44 7S 2E. General index ; 31102 
100 101 Previous : 11807 

88 8700 
NA. 46 
11 3185 

m 1*0 — 

; 5H4.73 Milan 

Alicante 
Aosllfflia 

Aufastrade prlv 

in 5™ fiwwonwa 

' ' gcoCommer Ital 

19.’ 189 Bat not Lav oro 

6 5*3 QcaPaoNcvani 

X77 182 Banco d> Rama 

X7e X74 Bco Ambmiono 


Singapore 

10s 800 8.10 


Tokyo 

Akai Electr 
Asati. Cnemlcoi 
Asahi Gkms. 

Ban* ot Tokyo 
BrkJgertne 
Canon 
Casio 

DoJ Nippon Prim 
Daftra ktouse 
Dalwa Securities 
Fanuc 
Full Bank 
Full Photo 
FWIBhi 
Hitachi 
Httoctii CaaJe 
Hcnda 


% 

1 

1 


3280 3275 Ceretos 800 8.10 

21IS 2115 CilvDev. 700 780 

3980 6010 DBS 11.10 11.10 

171 173 Frosar Neave 1780 1700 "«?!r lrllrles 

882 899 Gentlno 14.U «J8 

3W3 Gokfetl Hone PI 190 208 

3300 3370 HowPor 126 320 

1775 1800 Hume inAnfrte 600 M5 

. «. u inrnn-mw lUI Mfitaisu 


1780 1700 ■teS’* lr,lnes 
1410 1380 

i9o 208 g rgr rfgy, 

126 120 Sffffg* 1 - 5 ?** 


inaioape 
Kapael 
KL Keppng 
Lum Chong 


305 500 
1180 1180 


OUB 

0UE 

semtowgng 
Shangrilo 
Sfcne Darby 
SIA foreign 
Stare Land 


pong 408 404 

iMiNmavEtankg lx 9.W KutaBk” 

l ^ tareten 6% '22 

r2 Autsuoistii eisc 


. ,r 1 ir mirweisni ismei 

aS MJtsuDistii Elec 

11M IIP MlnuWsWHev 
ilO BWiSuWshi Corp 

fjS we Mitsui and Co 
.5* JWtsui Marine 
780 7 S Mlsukeshi 
tlm «mumi 


Stare Press 17.W 1600 

Sing SlcatmMp 4.W 19fl 

Stare Telecomm 308 150 mSEJSKSSL 

Slralli Trading 308 L50 

■ lARknlm 14 «n 1+-V1 Nippon KOBOkU 


AssBrfl Foods 507 J05 BoNGpolirls) 


507 J Benetton 
5 j Crotflio iialionp 


UOB forctsn 
UOL 


1400 1400 ss 

aoj on I 81pwr Oil 


Bank Scotland 1.92 l.*i EMehem Aug 


IWKA 
Kan Sale 
Kandadi 
Kauflvf 
KHD 

Kloeckner Werke 
Linde 
Lufthansa 
MAN 

Manpesmaan 

MeMlgascii 

Muendi Ruecfc 

Porsche 

Preussng 

PWA 

RWE 


Barclays 

Bass 

BAT 

BET 

Blue Circle 

BOCGtouD 

Boots 

Bowater 

SP 

Bril Airways 
Brit Gas 
Bril Steel 
Bra Telecom 
BTH 

Cable Wire 
C adtorv Sch 

Coradon 
Coots VI vet to 
1 Comm Union 
Courtaulds 
ECC Group 


5J? 507 Fwrfln 

587 583 Plot spa 

420 424 Finonz AgroJnd 

121 1.19 Finmeccanica 

111 X1J Fondianoseo 

74O 7j* GeneranAsiuc 

500 US IFIL • 

4»j 400 MalcemgtiN 

4 10 4.12 1 to tan 

L14 AW Medtobgnco 

2*1 207 MontMison 

liO 10* OilveiTi 

101 177 Pirelli Spa 

1SJ 177 BAS 

447 405 PJnascetilc 

483 407 San Paolo Torino 

301 305 SIP 

229 224 5ME 

586 508 SMObPd 

508 538 standa 

190 300 SW 


Straits Thncs tod.: 23H0O 
[ Pnnrtoos : 238657 


Sao Paulo 



Enter Dfise 011 3.97 404 Toro ASSlC 


Eurotunnel 

plsom 


HS +2 MIBTEL: IB 
' « 1^7 1 Previous ; 10 


Banco do Brasil 

Banespa 

Brodexa 

Bratatra 

Cemlg 

Eletrotjres 

itouccnco 

Light 

Paraneoanoma 

Pehrataras 

SauraCna 

Teiebroa 

Tslosp 

Usiminas 

Vota RtoDoce 

Veptg 


NtaeanSieH 
Nippon Yusen 
Nissan 
Nomura See 
NTT 

Olympus Optical 

Pioneer 

Ricoh 

Sanyo Elec 

Sharp 

Shimon/ 

sninetsuOtoAi 

Sony 


govern index; «M9 

Previous : 47wi 



im ■ m, pi Mockeicie 
iex . 309900 Magna I ml A 
Map la Leaf 
Maritime 

1_ Mam R as 

Matson A 

" Nona ind A 

fin Noranda Inc 
782 Noranda Forest 
lEjg tJorcon Energy 
1569 NttmTeleeam 
1610 Nova Coro 
1740 Oshawa 
125] PoourlnA 
1*50 Ptocer Dome 
i4*o Pocp Petroleum 
1580 PWA Carp 
445c Rayrocfc 
2340 Renaissance 
SIS ga gers B 

1D70 Rotttfmro 
**9 Royal Bonk Con 
ego Sceotri Rn 
1730 S coiTs He ap 
Sraonnn 

71* Seers Cen ,, 

752 S hell Co n 44 44 

*70 5herritt Goroon !7ft jyj 

W9 SHLSiwetnlta 7 7 

422 Soulhom 16V. 17 

H23 Spot Aenopoce 13 IJVi 

«0 St*+»A rft Aft 

741 TaGsman Enora 2 Ms Mv, 

•J3K0 IjCk B 22VS 2z» 

1733 P»mso n 15% lSft 

1130 Toronto Damn 2Dvk »/fe 

269) Tors tor B 24U. 2430 

557 I fPisa Ba UNI 16% 14ft 

630 TronsCda Pipe 17ft 147, 

892 Triton FM A X80 330 

V S&Enerav 'S ,]§ 

>S ZLS** 

1540 

1210 

§ Zurich 

W28 Adia lull B 25* 253 

757 Alusuhie B new 688 688 

375 BBCBrwnBovB 1250 125* 

663 ClboGelgy B 827 £4 

79* CSHatalnasB 549 531 

2260 ElektroirB 353 3S5 

FI setter B is* ]£» 

ltn interdbapunt B 2i?a 2160 

- 898 890 

*70 Lotion Gvr R 7*4 775 

5*6 Moevenpick B 407 407 

iro MnHeR 1193 11B6 

ra 9enHLauearieRi46J0 146 
2W0 Parana HidB 1510 1510 

1930 P°Pte ttdg PC 5*15 5W 

2020 3TOD Sctra R gOUtHIC 1U 1U 

573 572 SondazB 7B5 7C9 

«5 *39 7850 7823 

its* 326 Suizer PC 960 9S8 

*92 671 B „ 211* ^0 

1210 1210 Swiss BnkCoroB 378 TV? 

MOO 4450 S^toRolnSwR 550 343 

604 600 R 063 863 

1243 1230 UBS-B., I122 1112 

3350 3810 Wtotorttor B m 477 

lino 1510 Hutlctl ASB B 1295 1275 

TO 775 SM Index : 93781 

749 7SJ . Preview ‘.**435 


10h LSI Nov *4 Ut 567U U7Ifi UW -004ft 7S024 

704 500 Jot 95 507 585ft 506ft 584ft -006ft ixS 

705 50? MOT9S 586 SJUft 585ft 504 +SS2 AM 

7X515 575ft May 95 503 5.91 502 ft 5.98ft -o atft 1379 
706ft 58IftJU95 507 505 U*ft 504ft +0005 tSs 

JT* 504 3HH 5*4 504 + 007 MS 

508 577 Sen *5 5.95 -USH 24 

601ft 58>ftNav*S 5.M 601 504 *JOft -DXJft JJn 

J6M 6.15 +aos 

EsLMdes ha Tin's, sales 18.110 

Tue*iopenint 123838 up 49] 

SOYBEAN MEAL tenon imiiif.i nen 

2J101 17180AU0M 174X0 17700^^4^1^98 +200 3092 

2)000 m0DScp*4 17200 17540 17208 17i» -S lira 

20750 16f0OOd*4 171.10 17*80 171.10 17*10 -240 11J29 

w?0O DamOecM 17100 17**0 mjo 17*00 42s 3MU 

ZOTJO 171, 10 Jan 9S 17200 I75JD 17250 17520 -210 sSI 

20750 17200010 «5 1 7450 1 7780 17*50 17700 +120 58W 

20700 17400 May 95 17650 17180 17500 177.90 +£3 3066 

'TSJOJmw mjo moa mao 1 79.90 vw 

181 JO <765DAufi »3 11000 - 10} m 

13200 17650 Sap *5 17*50 ,100 W 

ES. sales HA TuTs. sales 1X112 

Tue'sepMU 81466 on 71 

SOYBEAN OU_ CCBOT) taoHKK-dMRnpsrtWlB. 

3005 2105Aua94 XU X« 2U0 2*85 +LU 1048 

3084 TtAISepM 2401 JO* 21.9* ZU7 +020 20833 

2954 X10Od*4 2306 1*32 2303 X12 +0.15 1536 

2007 2200 Dec 94 2304 U09 2381 2197 -XD 3*60* 

2SJS 2205 Jan 93 2300 2*05 2385 72.71 -0.13 *933 

2U0 Z293Mor*S 23jm 3*05 2375 2306 + 0.10 SJ5* 

20JB 2X93 May *5 2305 2*04 Z305 2395 -D.11 

2705 23WJUI95 2300 XB2 2185 2303 +1)1 1069 

2720 329SAUP9S 3X82 2195 2202 21*1 *0,1 1 ra 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


Page 11 


EUROPE 




ZURICH — CS Holding 
Said Wednesday that weak re- 
SnJts at its Credit Suisse unit' 
drove its first-half profit down 
19 percent. 

The bank holding company, 
said it e arn e d 712 inulioD .Swiss ‘ 
francs ($546 million) inthe first 
naif cm revenue of. 5.4 billion 
trancs, down from 63 billion 
francs. " 

Income from trading in cur- 
rencies precious metals, securi-, 
ties and interest rate instruments 
Ten 43 percent, to L27- billion 
francs. Volatile maHtriis 
have made that sector a hlot on 
the balance sheets of most of CS 
Holding's co mp e ti tors. - 

Trading operations contrib- 
uted 23.5 percent to OS’s gross 
income^ down, from M3 per- 
cent in the first half of 1993. 

Commissions were the major 
source of revenue, making up 
38.6 percent of gross income. 
But commission, income feU 6J5 
percent, to 2.09 billion francs, 
led by a sharp drop in commis- 
sion income at OS’s VS. sub- 
sidiary, CS First Boston. 


Interest income feH 53 

cent,; to 138 bDJion francs 

ance-sheet business was marked 
by^ooutmual stagnation in the 
volume of . toons/ 7 the company 
smd; 

Income from investments in 
companies rose 160 percent, to 
221-mfllion francs. 

'But the banking corporation 
predicted, stronger results for 
the second half and full year. - 

“Now that economic re- 
... coven .is gaming in strength 
V and the financial markets seem 
to be returning to normal, CS 
Holdingis confident that the 
for 1 994 wfllbe 

The half-year results were 
within expectations, and CS 
Holding^ bearer shares rose to 
549 framcs -Wednesday from 
531 francs. •'.’••• 

“We think they made better 
estimates about the develop- 
ment of interest rates than other 
banks,” said Cbrisoph Bieri, 
banking analyst at Zuercher 
Kantonalhank. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


The Sweet Smell of Cologne 

WeDa Strategy Tries to Revive 4711 Scent 


FRANKFURT — Sweating in the heal of 
a_ high-ozone summer, an Austrian tourist, 
Heinz Walther, selected a bottle of 471 1 eau 
de cologne from the perfume counter of 
Frankfurt's largest department store. 

“1*11 take three bottles,” the 56-year-old 
lawyer told the clerk as be dabbed his fore- 
head with the sweet-smelling substance. 

Mr. Walther — r middle-aged, foreign and 
sentimentally attached to the 200-year-cJd 
fragrance — is a typical customer for 471 1, 
the original made-in-Cologne perfumed wa- 
ter that gave birth to the generic product 
called eau de cologne: 

Despite its core of loyal customers, sales of 
4711 slipped 20 percent over the past decade, 
analysts said. Moihens KG, which has made 
4711 since a Carthusian monk gave Wilhelm 
MQlhens the formula as a wedding present in 
1792, now relies on perfumes named after the 
actress Priscilla Presley and the Te nnis star 
Gabriela Sabaiini for most of its income. 
That maybe about to change. MQlhens was 

lfnilra rl Iw. 1 ■*! * - 1 ■ 



ping a strategy , 

oldest brand names in the world. 

MQlhens already has introduced lines of 


body gels and lotion. In five years, Lothar M. 
Hawd, chief executive of MQhlens, said, he 
expects sales of 4711-branded products to 
double to 140 million DM ($90 million) a 
year. 

“4711 is the most valuable asset in the MuJ- 
hens company” said Peter ZOhlsdorf f, WeUa's 
chief executive. “It is also the most challenging 
and will take tbe longest to develop. 7 * 

MQlhens intermittently tried to rejuvenate 
471 1 itself. Two years ago, it used a television 
advertising campaign to try to woo younger 
buyers. But a feud between MQlhens' owners, 
cousins Dieter Streve-MQlhens and Ferdinand 
MQlhens, overshadowed the new strategy. 

Though the privately held company does 
not release specific figures, analysts estimate 
that MQlhens lost around 20 million Deutsche 
marks ($13 million) in 1992 and 1993. 

The cousins finally parted for good by sell- 
ing out to Weda for what analysts estimate was 
250 noflHon DM. WeUa's interest Id the compa- 
ny surprised analysts, some of whom remain 
skeptical that tbe takeover is a good move. 

But Mr. Hawed said: “MQlhens has one of 
tbe best-known brands in the world. WeUa has 
the organization, the distribution and the sup- 
port systems. Wherever we have been able to 
market the product, we have been successful” 


ABB Net 
Rose 31% 
la 1st Hall 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dupaithts 

ZURICH — ABB Asca 
Brown Boveri Ltd., a Swiss- 
Swedish heavy engineering 
company, said Wednesday that 
fust-half profit rose 31 percent 
to $322 miOion as cost-cutting 
and restructuring measures 
took hold. 

Brown Boveri Corp„ ABB's 
Swiss-based parent company, 
said its first-half profit rose 1 2.5 
percent, to 207 million Swiss 
francs ($158 million). Asca 
Brown Boveri AB, the Swedish 
parent company, posted a 27 


percent rise in first-half profit 
98 mil* 


Swiss Bank 
Stock Skids 


Complied by Our Staff From Dhpmdtcs 

ZURICH Swiss Bank 
Corp. said Wednesday it 
had submitted takeover 
bids for three regional 
banks, at the same time the 
company's stock was 
plunging as analysts scaled 
back (bar earnings expec- 
tations fear the fuB year. 

Swiss Bank said it 
planned to take over Batik 
Langenihai, None Emme 
Bank and Grtdit AgricoJe 
& Industrie! de la Broye, 
known as CAIB. Swiss 
Bank said die acquisitions 
would allow it to “keep 
pace with structural change 
m Switzerland's banking 
industry.” . 

But investors bailed out 
of Swiss Bank stock, disap- 
pointed with the 39 percent 
drop in first-half profit the 
bank reported Tuesday. 
Swiss Bank shares finished 
at 378 Swiss francs ($290), 
down 19 francs. 

(AFX, Bloomberg) 


. Wcstdeuische Landes bank 
Girozeatrale A G, . in DQssel- 
dorfi and Jyske Bank AS, in 
Copenhagen, said volatile mar- 
kets sliced into their profits, 
Reuters reported. 

. Westdeutsche.said its operat- 
ing profit was 290.2 an flion 
Dentsdbe inaiks ($186 million) 
in the first half, down from 
312.3 million DM in the first 
half of 1993. 

Trading incrane fell 83 per- 
cent, to 33,4 million DM, be- 
cause of the “unfavorable bond 
market” and securities write- 
downs at the end of June, the 
bank said. . 

The bank's interest income 
rose to 163 billion DM from 
135 billion DM,wirik income 
from commissions slipped to 
263.9 million DM from 266.4 
nri&kmDM. 

Jyske Bank posted a first-half 
loss of 50 mflHon kroner ($8 
million) because of a decline in 
the value of its braid portfolio. 
Otherwise, the bank said, earn- 


Bols Wessanen Expands in Cereals 


_ {An arid it stood by its previ- 
ous forecast for full-year earn- 
ings of 200 jmIBon kroner to 300 
mnlion kroner because (^ stabi- 
lizing interest rates. 

- hr the first-half of 1993, the 
bank'had profit of 378 million 
kroner. • . 


Compiled ty Oar Staff Fnm Dispatches 

AMSTERDAM — Royal 
BolsWessanen NV said 
Wednesday it would pay 200 
million guilders ($114 million) 
for Harrisons & Crosfield 
FLCs three breakfast-cereal 
plants, which would give it a 10 
percent share of the European 
cereal market. 

The purchase, which is ex- 
pected to be completed by Aug. 
24, is expected to increase 
BolsWessanen' s profit as early 
as this year, the Dutch food and 
beverage company said. 

The acquisition indudes Tel- 
ford Foods, with plants in the 
English towns of Telford and 
Market Harborough, and H&C 
Cereals, based in FaveroDes, 
France. 

Dutch analysts said they 
were pleased to see that the ac- 
quisition would lift BolsWes- 
sanen 's profit. 

“It's another positive signal 
to the market that they wifi add 
something to their profit this 
year,” said Agatho van Hilst, 
head of research at the Dutch 
brokerage Amstgdd NV, 

Shares in BolsWessanen, the 
company created from a merger 


between the beverage company 
Koninklijke Distileerderijen 
Bols NV and tbe food producer 
Wessanen NV early last year, 
rose to 41.70 guilders from 
41.40. ( Bloomberg AFX) 

■ Nestle Expands in Spain 
Nestl6 SA said Wednesday it 
had agreed to buy Banco Bilbao 
Vizcaya SA’sice cream and fro- 
zen food units, AFP-Extel 
News reported from Madrid. 


Nestle did not disclose the 
amount it would pay for Sotie- 
dad Anonima de Airmen taci 6a 
which operates under the trade- 
marks Miko, Avidesa and Cas- 
tillo de Marcilla. 


to 233 billion kronor ($295 
lion). 

Sales were tittle changed at 
$13.1 bifiiou in the first six 
months, and operating profit 
rose 19 percent to $1.12 billion. 

“Cost-cutting and restructur- 
ing measures initiated in recent 
yeans, especially those carried 
out in 1993, are now having a 
positive impact on earnings,” 
ABB said. 

ABB said orders rose 3 per- 
cent to $15.48 billion. “De- 
mand for industrial products in 
Europe and North America is 
gradually improving, but the 




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924.62 +034 

Sources: Reuters. AFP 


[pirmal* inal VL-raU Tnhonc 

Very briefly: 


improving, 

full impact of the upturn in in- 
will not be felt 


Nestlfe said the value of these 
companies, which have annual 
sales of around 35 billion, pese- 
tas ($269 million), has been esti- 
mated at 40 billion pesetas. 


vestment goods 
until next year,” ABB said it 
said it expected an improve- 
ment in full-year earnings but 
gave no further details. 

“ABB is now the only large 
cyclical stock in Switzerland 
which has achieved a genuine 
turn around." said Patrick Frei 
at Union Bank of Switzerland 
( Bloomberg Reuters) 


NedUoyd Shares Drop 9% 


Bloomberg Business News 

AMSTERDAM — Royal NedUoyd Groep NV, one of the 
worid's largest transport companies, plunged 9 percent on the 
Dutch stock exchange Wednesday after the company report- 
ed disappointing second-quarter earnings. 

The company said it swung into profit, posting second- 
quarter earnings of 25 million guilders ($14 million) after a 
net loss of 30 million guilders a year earlier. It cited cost- 
cutting measures as well as increased volume. 

The company said it expected second-half earnings to be at 
least in line with its first-half result 

But analysts said investors had been looking for a net profit 
of between 25 million and 55 million guilders. The shares fell 
6.4 guilders to 64.60, the biggest loser in an otherwise upbeat 
market 


BIGG Returns to Profit 

BICC PLC, the British cables 


• The European Commission is examining plans b> News Interna- 
tional PLC a subsidiary of News Corp., to acquire a stake in the 
German television station Vox. 

• Bombardier Imx. the Canadian aviation group, holds 3.35 per- 
cent of the capital of Eurotunnel, directly and indirectly, the 
French Exchanges Association announced. 

• Finland's unemployment rate rose to 20.1 percent of the work 
force in July from 19.9 percent in June. 

• Russia has agra-H to grant Moldova a loan to help it pay debts 
incurred on gas purchases from Russia in 1993. Russian govern- 
ment sources said that Moscow had agreed to honor Moldova's 
request for a credit of 150 billion rubles ($70.8 million). 

• Cfta/getas SA a French textile and communications company, 
said sales in the second quarter totaled 2.68 billion French francs 
($501 million), up 18 percent from a year earlier. 

• Publics SA France's largest advertising company, said sales 
grew 14 percent in the second quarter, to 5.46 billion francs. 


and construction group, re- 


turned to growth with a 26 per- 
cent increase in first-half pretax 
profit, to £63 million ($97 mfl- 
iion), Bloomberg Business 
News reported from London, 

The company cited contin- 
ued cost-cutting, a rise in de- 
mand in North America and 
Britain and strengthening Brit- 
ish exports. 

“Continental European cable 
markets remained difficult in the 
first half, and margins in the 
UJC construction sector contin- 
ue to be under severe pressure 
despite signs of volume recovery 
in parts of that market," said 
Robin Biggam, the chairman. 


Moscow Broaches Debt Cutback 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — Foreign creditors should forgive at leu*t part of 

Russia’s massive debts in recognition of it.- con: to disii- 

mament, a top economic official said Wcdnov 

“For Bulgaria and Poland, half the debts were .; r.iten off. Why 
not do the same for Russia?” said Oleg Davydov, the minister of 
foreign economic relations. 

Mr. Davydov said Russia's creditors should reward its contri- 
bution to stability in Europe, which came at significant cost. 
“Who's counting up Russia’s losses just from pulling, its troops 
out?" he said. 

His comments contrasted with the position Russia so far has 
maintained in debt talks, in which it has insisted on rescheduling 
but not sought forgiveness of debt. Russia’s debts are believed to 
total about $80 billion. 



= -i rfH 

Continued on Page 12 


SAS Reaches Profit on Cost-Cutting 


Compiled by Our Sniff From Dispatches 

STOCKHOLM — Scandina- 
vian Airlines System said 
Wednesday it returned to prof- 
itability in the first half of 1994. 
with pretax earnings of 617 mil- 
lion Swedish kronor ($78 mil- 
lion), after a pretax loss of 609 
million kronor a year earlier. 

The company attributed the 
sharp reversal to progress in 
cost-cutting, a 3.46 billion kro- 
nor reduction of debt to 30.47 
billion kronor, one-time gains 
from a unit sale and currency 
fluctuations and a stronger 
market for business travel. 

Sales, which includes reve- 
nues from the airline, SAS In- 
ternational Hotels, SAS Service 
Partner and Diners Club Nor- 
dic, rose in the six-month peri- 
od to 19.28 billion kronor from 
18.96 billion kronor. 

Jan Stenberg, chief executive, 
said the results were better than 
expected and be reiterated his 
forecast of a profit for the year. 

Tbe company reported a pre- 
tax loss of 101 million kronor in 
tbe first quarter. 

Mr. Stenberg declined to 


make specific projections about 
tbe size of the company's antici- 
pated profits for the full year, 
citing volatility in currency ex- 
change rates. 

The profit for the first six 
months included several one- 
time gains and charges. 

Tbe first-half gains included a 
one-time gain of 374 million kro- 
nor from the sale of the compa- 
ny’s SAS Leisure unit and net 
gains from currency fluctuations 
Of 130 million kronor. 

The results included a one- 
time restructuring charge of 274 
million kronor, primarily at- 
tributable to early retirement 

P ackages offered to cut tbe la- 
or force. 

Tbe .six -month figure also in- 
cluded an additional charge of 
311 million kronor because the 
company changed it method of 
depreciation. 

Wheat adjusted for foreign 
exchange fluctuations, revenues 
from air traffic operations rose 
8 percent in the latest period, 
largely because of an increase in 
the number of business passen- 
gers, it said 


The Scandinavian flag carrier 
is owned by Svensk lnterkon- 
linental Lufttrafik AB in Swe- 
den, Del Norske Luftfartsds- 
kap AS in Norway, and Del 
Danske Luftfartselskab AS in 
Denmark. 

I Bloomberg Reuters) 


■ Elkem Profit Rises 

The Norwegian industrials 
and metals group Elkem AS re- 
ported first-half pretax profit of 
139 million Norwegian kroner 
($20 million), up from 61 mil- 
lion kroner a year earlier. 
Knight-Ridder reported from 
London. 

Net sales for the first half- 
year totaled 4.41 billion kroner, 
after 3.78 billion kroner in the 
1993 period. 

Income from operations to- 
taled 243 million kroner, com- 
prising 109 million kroner in 
the first quarter and 134 million 
kroner in the second quarter. 

Elkem said demand for most 
of its main products during the 
first half of 1994 was “slightly 
positive." in particular the alu- 
minum market 


Saudis Plan. 
Sale of Large 
Conglomerate 


Reuter, 

RIYADH — Saudi Ara- 
bia plans to gradually sell 
off most of its shares in its 
industrial conglomerate. 
Saudi Basic industries 
Corp., a government minis- 
ter was quoted Wednesday 
as saying. 

The industry and elec- 
tricity minister. Abdulaziz 
Abdullah Zarael. told the 
Saudi daily Al Eqiisadiah 
that the government 
planned to keep 25 percent 
and sell the rest to the pri- 
vate sector in Saudi Arabia 
and other Gulf Arab slates. 

The process will take 
place in stages of 10 per- 
cent. The government owns 
70 percent. 

The publicly traded com- 
pany reported a jump of 
more than 50 percent in 
profit for the first half of 
1994. to 1.35 billion rivals 
($360 million). 


CHINA: Shanghai Entrepreneurs Travel to Outer Limits of Beijing^s Reach 


Continued from P»ge 9 
next stage of expansion and 
much more after thaL," said Jin 
Fan Nan, an executive with 
Shanghai Tire Sc Rubber, Chi- 
na’s dominant radial tiremaker. 
“The money has to come from 
somewhere." 

As China comes closer to 
joining the General Agreement 
on Tariffs and Trade, manufac- 
turers such as Shanghai Tire 
will lose protection from im- 
ports and foreign manufactur- 
ers establishing beachheads in 
their territory. 

Shanghai Tire has responded 
by establishing a research cen- 
ter in Akron to improve its 
quality and reduce manufactur- 
ing costs, while embarking on 
an expansion plan that will see 


it enlarge radial-tire capacity 
fivefold by 1997. 

Akron is the home of Good- 
year Tire & Rubber Co., the 
world's largest maker of rubber 
products. Shanghai Tire’s over- 
all production will hit 7 million 
tires next year, but that output 
remains smalt in international 
terms. 

Frustrated in its hid to raise 
money by turning a 9.5 percent 
stake in the company directly 
owned by the state into A 
shares owned by Chinese indi- 
viduals, Shanghai Tire also 
wants to issue a bond convert- 
ible into its B shores. It still 
awaits approval from Beijing, 
which has approached the con- 
cept cautiously. 

“If we are going to remain 


independent and competitive in 
the future, we will need greater 
flexibility from the authorities," 
said Mr. Jin in speaking of the 
state share conversion and con- 
vertible bond proposals. “We 
want to work with foreign tire 
companies as partners on future 
projects, not be taken over by 
them." 


Across town, a cash-heavy 
Shanghai Phoenix Bicycle, 
which produced 5 million last 
year, is building a plant in Gha- 
na, developing motorized bikes 
and starting to produce scoot- 
ers designed by Suzuki with 
help from Taiwan. 


It, too, is testing old barriers 
by .expanding into new prod- 
ucts and other areas of China. 


Until recently, few Chinese 
companies were allowed to ex- 
pand beyond their geographic 
homes unless their controlling 
state sector body was also na- 
tional in scope. 

Local protectionism once 
would have stymied Shanghai 
Phoenix's plan to buy more fac- 
tories around China, but now, 
according to Zhou Jingen, 
chairman and general manager, 
“capable companies are being 
encouraged to take over the ail- 
ing ones." 

Local governments that tend 
to worry about maintaining po- 
litical influence, employment 
and tax revenue are loathe to 
surrender control of even un- 
profitable industries. 


TYCOON: Gordon Wu Moves From Real Estate to Asian Infrastructure 


Continued from Page 9 
district where the round, dirty- 
white Hopewell Office tower 
sits. 

His father started as a taxi 
driver and assembled a fleet of 
378 taxis before be turned to 
building one of Hong Kong’s 
larger property and construc- 
tion firms. 

After a rigorous education 
provided by Irish Jesuits, the 
younger Mr. Wu studied engi- 


neering at Princeton Universi- 
ty. He returned to Hong Kong 
to earn his certification as an 
architect. 

Like many other Hong Kong 
developers, ’Mr. Wu flourished 
in tbe 1970s as property prices 
began their steep upward spiral. 

When China cracked open 
the door to outside investment 
in 1979, Mr. Wu was one of tbe 
first over the threshold, moving 
from property developer to a 


career in Asian infrastructure. 

In December, Hopewell 
Holdings, which showed a prof- 
it of $267 million last year, up 
25 percent from 1992 spun off 
a subsidiary, consolidated Elec- 
tric Power Asia, as a publicly 
listed company to manage pow- 
er projects, while retaining a 
443 percent stake. 

Mr. Wu has no competitors 
among Hong Kong's major 
hongs, or conglomerates, across 


the range of his infrastructure 
projects. 

Although big U.S. pow-er de- 
velopment companies active in 
Asia, such as Mission Energy 
Co., AES Corp. and Enron 
Corp„ compete for power pro- 
jects, no one else has tried to 
muscle into highway building in 
China. 

Mr. Wu’s power projects, 
while long in gestation, are now 
seen as prescient. 





I 


GSTf Mt c*P 




•. ■: r.'.-vwrh&ct 


Page 12 


T Wednesday's Closing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on Wall Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST IB, 1994. 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994^ 


Page 13 

AS 1 A/PAC 1 FIC 


China Plans 


liquidation Sony. Pawer 1,1 Weakness 



Amid Dull Earnings 


Australia Pushes 
Interest Rates Up 


Investor’s Asia 


Hong Kong 

Hang Seng 

tlQOO 


Singapore 
Straits Times 


toityu 

Nikkei 225 


Companies 


Compiled by Oar Steffi From Dapatcha 

BEIJING . — The govern- . 
ment said Wednesday it would 
declare several state-run com- 
panies in 18 cities bankrupt in 
the second half of the year, de- 
spite high inflation and rising 
unemployment. 

Statistics released Wednes- 
day showed retail prices rose 
21.4 percent in the year to July, . 
up from 20 percent through 
June, and the government said 
Tuesday there might be as 
many as 268 milli on Chinese . 
unemployed by 2000. 

Nonetheless, the government 
said failing state-run companies 
would be declared bankrupt 
“Starting in the second half 
of this year, we will enlarge the 
implementation of the bank- 
ruptcy law,” the government 
in the official Economic 
Information Daily. “Those 
firms whose debts are larger 
than their assets, who have no 
hope of getting out of the red 
and whose goods have no future 
must be declared bankrupt” 
The bankruptcy law was 
passed in 1986 but has rarely 
been implemented for state 
companies because of opposi- 


• By Anthony Ramirez Inc. of analysts whofoilow Sony round th r 

. J New York tLs Seme, median forecast for Thursday s 

NEW YORK —The news will not be good yen a share, down from 37 yen a sturea ? 

- for Sony Corp. when it reports first-quarter earlier. But vo be 94 

Thursday. Analysts expect some- for the :year endmgMmfc 
thb^k>se to the 33 percent drop in fourth- yen a takings totaled 

quartereamings it reported .n May ^06 haJS^ve^n sateofTSSSo yen. 

■- Theven remains near postwar highs. More- 36.2,6 bulion yen on saics o 
0,4; Japan and Eun£f are o3T slowly Mr. Daigan Mid that ^ny^had^ao 
emerging from recession, and that means few- was return ^ histonc^ -amngsubstan- 

One major reason is the legacy of Last ciui nrofit Mr. Dargan said. 

Action Hero," Columbia Studios costly flop ^ . hardware, Sony is likely to come 

of 1993 that starred Arnold StikmenagS^ ^Mn^said Eriko Yatabe, a credit 

The absence of such a box-office disaster in M/4wiv*c inv^tors Service Inc- ui 

lwStamd to improve Sony’s prospects, majS* ^ MoodyS In “ 

analysts say. . r-i.'— it*. A major industry consolidation is likely. 

Sony did not disclose the size of its wnte; Yatahe said, and Sony is sure to be a 

Yan^nctoTan^Miyst ZS&SiS* 

sss.'srs’ssps: 

Tut^d^thaf^e beUeve'Se longl^i bug ^ 

outlook for the company «s very good, Stated could reach the low 70s 

though the short-term outlook is lAdy to be in toe umi^aia 

■.diS" Mdfcny: Dagan, a technology r‘ s ™ l c 5; Mr. Pittsburg said. 

analyst for S.G. Warburg Sccuriaes in Tokyo. n’* quite a reasonable stock that ought to 

^^Ty^sl^estmenl Research be bough. on weakness, endii^now. 


tian from workers, banks and P ta P* 

Rental Income Drives Wharf Profit 

a<s% wo” -ssgarss. ssksksjs A-aaas 

‘ Economists said they doubt- HONQ KON ■ ^ pany’s shares up to 32.10 dal- television interests, is controlled 

_j .I*, government comd cany ff 003 ,ea f es * l a t ?^ or J* 31 . 00 . by the Pao family through 

out the^rogram because of the ’ SLS^ndSSSt at wfiS Wharf said its 2 million- Wheelock & Co. Whedock owns 
high mflationand the millions square-foot (186,000-square- about 44 percent of Wharf, 

of people who are already with- , f jj f 19 L the meter) Times Square complex Despite the half-year increase, 

outwork or trying to live on “ ^SJweSLJd^ in Hong Ws Causey Bay .^alysts said expected 

subsistence wares. company ^ earned commercial fonct had been lossesal Wharfs cable-televisiwi 

The Labor h&uy said Oi- . ^ dSSw successfuL . division to hold back profil 

na must create 68 million urban 1-741 Wlhon Hong Kong aouzrs jj, chairman and ^ro^h for the next few years. 


The Labor Ministry .said Cm- 
na must create 68 million urban 
jobs between now and the end 
of this century, and it said it 
faced an additional labor sur- 
plus of 10 million workers at 
state companies and nearly 200 
minion farm workers. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 


($225 million) in the six 
months* up from 1.38 billion 
dollars in flic 1993 first half, as 
revenue soared to 4.0 billion 
dollars from 2S billion dollars. 

Wharf also raised its first- 
half dividend to 22 cents a share 


square-foot (186,000-square- about 44 percent of Wharf, 
meter) Times Square complex Despite the half-year increase, 
in Hong Kong’s Causeway Bay analysts said they expected 
commercial district had been ^ osses a t y/harfs cable- television 
“hugely successfuL” division to hold back profit 

Gonzaga Li, chairman and growth for the next few years, 
chief executive of Wb«t«“ “The results are largely in 

the company was art to reprat ^ ^ ^ forecasC said 

the success of Tines 1 Spare Ulu director of Sea- 

with the redevelopment of vs ^ Research. “But expected 

Harbor City strong rental income will likely 

Kong’s Tstm Sha Tsui district. _. owth at reasonable lev- 

Mr. Li said that develop- ds onl „ ^ pr0 spects of its ca- 
ment, which has been renamed L «_ — :► nmniieinp. 


Brownouts Return to Manila Area 
As Philippine Power Reserves Fall 

■ Fatten' ■ 

-MANILA Philippine power reserves have dropped to 

uncomfortably low levels, leaving Manila vulnerable again ® 
power cuts similar to those that gripped the nation last year. 

0r S S iSvS < ^& wito thelo S sof a'major tr^smis- 
baviMrifficred 39 -nSmte brown- 
^ts around Manila since Monday, officials of National 

P °^e C SLti^ is vulnerable.” Energy Secretary Ddfin 

La pS^J^erves in Luzon have fallen since the Malaya plant 
near Manila was shut down for cleaning after one of its tanks 
spilled 7,000 barrels of fuel oil into Laguna lake last ni<»th- 

On September 21st, the IHT w& publish the first 'm a 

two-part series of Special Reports on 

Infrastructure 
and Development 

Among the topics to be covered are: ■ ■ 

' ■ Thefoik between infrasbuchirepn^ecls and living 
standards in Asia. . 

■ China’s ThreeGorges dam, the woritfs largest 
hydropower project . 

■ The $20 biffion Hong Kong airport ; 

■ Power plants, road buBdrng and other 
projects in Indonesia. 

“ An BXtml.OW copies of the st^p^ver^ 

wSte cfe&tiuted to Jakarta on Odobo- 1 m 
Jodie Mtoriti 

'^tESSSSS*" 1 

licralb^KSnbuttc 

— too na aw* w" 


ment, which has been renamed We unit aren’t that promising 
the Gateway, was particularly not much chance of 

attractive to companies seeking ^am jumps in earnings ha the 
an alternative to the increasing next ^upie of years.” 

—«• s« *h a antral dis- (Bloomberg* Reuters} 


Compiled h- Our Staff Front Dispatch j ni 

SYDNEY — The Reserve ini 
Bank of Australia " aised inter- At 
est rates Tor the first time in five ou 
years on Wednesday, a move thi 
described as a preemptive strike ag 
against inflation in one of the cr 
industrialized world’s fasiesL- 
growing economies. a 

Although the rise in us ar 
benchmark rate to 5.5 percent fo 
from 4.75 percent came just a er 
day after a half-point increase ci. 
in'U.S. interest rales. Austra- kt 

lian officials sought to distance w 

themselves from the fifth rise in 
U.S. rates this year. w 

“Although the timing of toe hi 
move has been influenced by tl 
the latest rise in U.S. interest o! 
rates, the move itself is dnven cl 
by the marked turnaround m g 
Australia’s domestic economic p 
conditions,” the bank said. l< 

“The decision to increase had 
been determined primarily, 
overwhelmingly, by the needs 
of our domestic economy, not 
by the increase in the U.S.. 
said Ralph Willis, the country s 
treasurer. _ . 

Although a rise had been 
widely expected, many trader 
had said the central bank would 
probably wait until its Sept. 6 
board meeting • 

Bond prices surged, with iu- 
year bond futures closing at 
nearly a three- month high, as 
investors focused on the pros- 
pect of continued low inflation. 
The slock exchange’s All Or- 
dinaries Index rose 19.5 points 
to end at 2,059.5, led by blue- 
chip stocks. . 

; “At long last, the big black 
cloud of uncertainty over a hike 
d in interest rates has disappeared 
over the horizon.” said Simon 
s Bond, a broker with ANZ 
McCaughan. The Australian 
, dollar ended slightly weaker at 
a 1426 cents after an initial rally. 
Z. “It will help re-establish in 
it the market's mind the Reserve 
Bank’s anti-inflation credibil- 
ity ” said John Larum. chief 
n economist at SBC Australia. 
d Prime Minister Paul Keating 
1 - said the rise would not take the 
d steam out of the economic re- 
ly covery and would show global 
v ~ investors that inflation was un- 
a " der control. 

£ “I think it will encourage the 


investing community to believe 
inflation is truly in check in 
Australia, that well maintain 
our competitiveness and if any- 
thing I think it will just encour- 
age people to believe the recov- 
ery will be longer ” he said. 

Australia has benefited from 
a delicate mix of low inflation 
and robust economic growth 
for more than a year, and gov- 
ernment and central bank offi- 
cials have stressed the need to 



# ‘m a M'T 3 a 

1994 


hyr/rfi-' 

1394 


M - A M j 'i A 
1904 


keep conditions that way as the 
world economy strengthens. 

The lightening in credit, 
which is expected to show up in 
higher mortgage rates within 
three months, followed a string 
of strong economic reports in- 
cluding a sharp rise in July job 
growth and a dide in the unem- 
ployment rate to a three year- 
low' of 9 6 percent- (Reuters, 

Bloomberg ) 


Exchange Index 

Hong Kong Hang Sang 

Singapore Straits Times 

Sydney All Ordinaries 

Tokyo Nikkei 225 ~ 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 


Wednesday Prev. ' / % 


Close 

9,537-88 


Close 

9,366.62 


Change 

+1.83 

+1,55 


Bangk ok 
S eoul 
Taip ei . 

Manila ~ 
Jakarta 
New Zealand^ 
Bombay 


SET 

Co mpost te Stock 
Weighted Price 
PSE 

Stock Index 
NZSE-40 
National index 


2,344 .40 ■ 2,308.57 +1,55 

2^5930 Z.040.0 0 +0.9^ 

20^24.5 6 20.7B6.36 +0-18 

"i.126.14 1.106.18 +162 

1,473.48 1,481.71 +0.81 

942 L96 ' 939^0 -^0-33 

6.645.90 6,583.90 


1.473.48 

94236 

6,645.90 

3, 029.KI 

Closed 

2,10146 

2.122J1 


Sources: Reafers. AFP 


3,011.00 +0.58 

48 3.60 

2,082.97 +0.89 

2,129.66 -035" 

lnkfnjfnMl.il IkfakJ Tnhuik- 


Goodman Very briefly: 

Dissidents .QmgKng Motors share 

. _ .L.‘. riv+l rlmr rtf Iran 


Want Talks 

Compiled to Oar Staff From Dispatch* 

SYDNEY — Dissident 
shareholders of Goodman 
Fielder Ltd. said Wednes- 
day they had requested a 
special meeting to try to 
change Goodman's Ixiard. 

The shareholders include 
Australian Mutual Provi- 
dent Society, the New 
South Wales Stale Authori- 
ties Superannuation Board, 
Bankers Trust Australia 
and Agrifood Australia. 

On Tuesday, the holders 
rejected a plan by Good- 
man directors to reshape its 
board. 

The shareholders warn 
the meeting to consider re- 
moving seven directors, in- 
cluding John Studdy. the 
company's chairman. 

Goodman's shares 
closed at 139 Australian 
dollars ($1.03), up 0.05. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg) 


• QingKng Motors shares sholup nearly 33 pe^nnnHonsKon| 
anticipated 1994' per-share eanungs- 

■ Tl-Acer Inc. said it obtained financing for a $400 million i plant 
expansion and planned lo star, rest product, on of a l.ne of 
advanced computer chips by next July. 

• Janfine Fleming Securities said it expected higher interest rates 
in the United Slates to encourage higher stock prices in Tha 
Malaysia and Singapore. 

. South Korean publicly traded companies earned 76 . ^rcenl 
more money in the first hair of this year than m the 1993 first half, 
their biggest gain since 1 987. 

• Hunter Douglas NV, a Dutch window-covenng company, plans 
to open a second plant in Shenzhen, China. 

• China National Offshore Oil Corp. has ngieda < 

twoUS. companies, Kerr-McGeeCorp. and Mmpby Oil Corp.. to 
prospect and develop oil in Bohai Bay. 

* - „ i iA has set a minimum lender price of 2,4 1 0,000 

yen^$24,000) a share For its initial public offering or shares, to 

PLN, with thermal power plants. 

. Grating Bhd. and Resorts Wortd Bhd. which operale lhe only 
castoo in Malaysia, said their earnings rose in the first ha If. .with 

sfesrsrSSs 


till OUi«l — ■ J- 

office rents in the central dis- 
trict 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 




Revenue 


Review of the 
Valuation Office Agency 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer recently announced a 
review of the Agency status of the Inland Revenue s 
Valuation Office, in line with the normal arrangements tor 
reviewing Next Steps Agencies after three years. 

The performance of the Valuation Office will be evaluated 
and its activities subjected to the normal n P r ' or o P t,ons 
tests set out in the 1993 "Next Steps Review" (Cm 2430). 

These tests comprise consideration of: 

- whether there is a continuing need for the activity at all 

• privatisation of the whole organisation or activity 

• contracting out all or part of a service 

Comments and contributions from those with an interest 
in the Valuation Office and its work, from both toe public 
and private sectors and from individuals, would be 
welcome. 

These should be sent by 30th September 1994 to. 

Brian Mace 

Valuation Office Review 

Inland Revenue 

Room 223, South West Wing 

Bush House 

Strand 

London WC2B 4RD 


announcements 

Attention visitors 
from the U.S. ! 



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Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


SPORTS 


Baseball Owners 
Rule Out Idea 
Of Replacements 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dupaches 

NEW YORK —As the Ma- 
jor League Baseball strike head- 
ed into its sixth day, baseball 
owners ruled out using replace- 
ments for striking players. 

“It’s not something anybody 
has considered seriously at alL 
It’s not about to happen," the 
owners' negotiator, Richard 
Ravitch, said in an interview. 
"Both the players and the own- 
ers found that in football the 
public wasn't terribly interest- 
ed." 

Replacement players were 
used by National Football 
League owners during the pro 
football strike of 1987. Teams 
used replacements for three 
weeks and broke the union's 
resolve as many prominent 
players returned. 

But baseball teams play six 
times a week instead of once, 
making it more expensive to 
open stadiums if crowds and 
television ratings are small 

Ravitch said the situations of 
the NFL and major league 
baseball weren't comparable. 

Bud Selig, the executive 
council chairman, speaking by 
telephone from his office in 
Milwaukee, agreed with Ra- 
vi tch’s view that replacement 
players wouldn't be a solution 
for baseball owners. 

Going into the sixth day of 
the strike Wednesday, a total of 
74 games have been canceled 
thus far. 

If there's no settlement by 
Friday, — and a quick deal 
doesn't appear likely — the 
strike would become baseball's 
second-longest in terms of can- 
celed games. The 1981 strike 
erased 712 games. 

Players and owners are pre- 
pared not to come back this 
season. The Toronto Blue Jays 
held their end-of-season organi- 
zational meetings Tuesday. 

“In some ways, I guess it did 
feci like the end of the season, 
but we were just taking advan- 
tage of available rime," said the 
team’s assistant general manag- 


er. Gord Ash. "We all want to 
see a completion to the season, 
but those of us who went 
through this in 'SI are aware 
there are different phases. This 
is, one of the hardest." 

No new talks are scheduled, 
but Ravitch said die federal me- 
diators probably would call a 
meeting for later in the week. 
The head of the players* union. 
Donald Febr, spent the day in 
Washington, lobbying con- 
gressmen on the latest attempt 
to pass a bill removing base- 
ball's antitrust exemption. 

(AP, Reuters) 

■ Fans Seek Court Action 

A group of fans, saying the 
Atlanta Braves sold them sea- 
son tickets under false pre- 
tenses, have filed a lawsuit to 
recover the cost of the tickets, 
along with SS million in puni- 
tive damages, The Associated 
Press reported from Atlanta. 

"They’re holding the fans 
hostage,” said Bert Eriing, an 
Atlanta businessman who is 
one of the plaintiffs in the suit 
filed against the Braves, Major 
League Baseball and the sink- 
ing players' association. 

The plaintiffs want to recover 
the cost of the tickets for the 
entire season, including games 
already played. 

Eriing said the Braves had 
not yet bran served with the 
lawsuit. The Braves have of- 
fered refunds to season ticket 
holders for canceled games. 

The lawsuit says that because 
the team knew the season was 
likely to be disrupted, selling 
tickets with the promise of a full 
season constituted racketeering. 

In Jacksonville, Florida, a 
lawsuit Tiled on behalf of fans 
and sports bar owners in an 
attempt to stop the baseball 
strike has been dropped, the at- 
torney for the group, Mark Ru- 
bin, said. It was derided to 
drop the suit after the players' 
association threatened to seek 
legal fees and costs if the plain- 
tiffs lost, Rubin said. 




A, f 

Tom Sl/onmja. Thr Awoaaicd Pres 

Alex Corretja, on the way to defeating Jim Courier, who made 42 unforced errors. 


2 Coups for Tennis No-Names 


CiitnpileJ by Our Staff Fnm Dispatches 

The final arrived early for Jim Courier, 
who lost to Alex Corretja of Spain in the 
second round of the RCA Championships in 
Indianapolis. Courier. lOth-ranked and seed- 
ed fifth at the tournament he won last year, 
said he might even skip the U.S. Open after 
falling, 1-6, 6-4. 6-3. to 20-year-old Corretja, 
ranked 43rd. 

After the match. Courier said he is taking a 
break from tennis until he is properly moti- 
vated to return to the sport 

Meanwhile, in New Haven, Connecticut 
Andre Agassi was upset — by rock music 


being played during changeovers and by Jan 
Siemerink of the Netherlands. 6-3 3-6 6-3 — 


in the second round of the Volvo Internation- 
al Tennis Tournament Agassi blasted "circus 
conditions" of an ATP experiment that al- 
lows the playing of music between games and 
he asked that it be stopped. , 

But the music played on. 

"That was an embarrassment to tennis out 
there untight” an infuriated Agassi said later. 
"It was a joke and it scars the game. What are 
they doing, turning tennis into some kind of 
circus? If it comes to this, playing music 
between games, then it's all over for tennis. 

Siemerink, ranked 113th, is coming off a 
two-month layoff because of a knee injury 
but he dominated the match with his strong 
service. (AP, WT) 


By Murray. Chass 

New York Times Server . . , 

As a blockbuster, it could rival the trade of 
Harvey Kuenn for Rocky Colavito. or. Fred 
McGnff and Tony Fernandez for Joe Cuter and 
.Roberto Alomar. 

How about a trade more in keeping with these 
times: salary arbitration for earlier free agency. 

It might not be as sexy as those other swaps, 
but if the disputatious owners and players want 
to extricate themselves from the quagmire of 
their stalled taHcs for a new collective bargaining 
agreement, the efiminadon of the aratration 
process the owners hate so intensely and. -a 
change in the free-agent eligibility rules could be 
a place to start 

Negotiators for the two sides didn’t talk to 
each other Tuesday, extending to fonr days their 
nontalk streak. It's the only streak going, and it's 
only one day less than the strike itsetf. 

The fifth day of the strike, which forced the 
cancellation of 14 more games for a. total of 60 
lost, also passed without a conference call among 
the owners. One owner, speaking bn the condi- 
tion of anonymity, said he didn’t understand 
how the leadership could let two days elapse 
without any communication. - 

The owner said that while there was sentiment 
among some owners to get things moving and 
attempt to find a solution to the stalemate, the 
low-revenue clubs remained firm in their insis- 
tence that management stick to its salary cap 


wouldn’t rel in quish it without getting something 
significant in return. It would not be enough for 
the owners to agree to withdraw the salary cap 
proposal in exchange for the elimin ation of 
aitutratfon. 

But it might not be enough either to offer to 
reduce digifeity for free agency to three years. 
One person who represents players, speaking 
i the condition he not be identified, Isaid be 


on 


viewed arbitration as a problem and suggested it 
should be eliminated or altered sgoificaimy to 
paiw. it more predictable and dilute the cscala- 
rion in salaries it has produced, . 

But Richard Moss, one of the first people who 
represented players, said he opposed the swap of 
arbitration for earlier free agency. 


' ‘ "Salary arbitration is what keeps the system 
honest," he 


said Tuesday, speaking by telephone 
ia. “It has the effect of 


Jchard Ravitch, the owners’ chief labor exec- 
utive, has made it clear the proposal is staying 
right there. Basically, when he is asked about the 
arbitration-free agency exchange that some peo- 
ple in baseball have talked about privately, he 
says, "Salary cap." 

When Donald Fehr. the players’ labor leader, 
was asked the other day about it, he was more 
positive. 

"If that proposal ever were made, obviously 
the players would have to look hard at it," hie 
said. 

"That has been an obvious proposal dubs 
could have made any time since 197o. They have 
never made that proposal. The reason why is 
they understand their complaints about salary 
arbitration are nonsense. The salaries of players 
in arbitration are no higher than salaries of free 
agents." 

Fehr noted that the committee that studied 


from his home in California. “It has 
preserving the salary structure." 

Moss further said the owners could manipu- 
late free agency, citing the experience of many 
free agents last winter. 

"They came down really hard on free agents 
who were something less than superstars?’ he 
said. 

"Almost everybody who was a veteran signed 
for a deep salary cut. At the time, everybody said 
iTs a shame what they’re doing to these veterans, 
but there’s nothing we can do about it. 1 would 
predict that without the safety valve of salar 
arbitration,' they would do the same thing will 
younger players (accept for the top stars. It's 
dancing on the edge of cofluskm, but on the safe 
smIcl” 

Moss said if there were a trade, “you 
would need much stricter safeguards against col- 
lusion." But he quickly added: “Even then I 
would be against lL It would be a move in the 
direction of the Charlie Finley proposal from 
1976.” - 

When the players gained free agency and the 
union- was negotiating its conditions, Finley, 
then the owner of the Oakland Athletics, said the 
owners should let every player be a free agent 
every year. ‘ 

ms fellow owners thought he was crazy and 
ignored him. Only. Marvin Miller, then the head 
of the union, and Moss, his general counsel, 
understood the implications of the idea. 


would -) f] 
salary •] „ IJ 
g with flf/ J 


If every player were a free agent, the law of 
supply and demand 


baseball's economics in great depth two years 
ago recommended that eligibility tor fi 


free agency 

be reduced from six years of major league service 
to three years. Such a change would eliminate 
mandatory arbitration, but the committee rec- 
ommended that the procedure be retained for 
use by dubs and players who agree to it. - 
Clubs long have hated arbitration because of 
die uncertainty of arbitrators' decisions. They 
would love to get rid of it, but the players 


would work against the 
players and their bargaining leverage would be 
drastically undermined. . 

MiHgt recalled Tuesday that the owners made 
no great effort to get rid of arbitration, which the 
players won in 1973, during the 1976 negotia- 
tions. It came up, he said, only in the context of 
the discussion about eligibility for free agency. 

In 1980. he said, the owners wanted to kill the 
procedure and implement a salary scale. They 
didn’t come off that position, he added, until the 
two sides readied the players’ strike deadline. 


SIDELINES 


Evans Wins 40th U.S. Swim Tide 


INDIANAPOLIS (Reuters) — Janet Evans has won her 40th 
U-S. national title at the U.S. s wimmin g championships here. 

Evans, 22, led from the start to win the 400-meter freestyle in Fai* fLp Rpnnrrl 
4:08.78. The world-record holder in the event for the past six C U 

years, Evans tied the 200-meler butterfly world-record holder, 

Melvin Stewart, for most national tides with 40. It was also her 
1 1 th national title in the 400 freestyle. 


called the blow an intentional foul. Mathis’s attorneys wrote that 
under the rules, either Mathis should have been ruled the winner 
or the bout called a draw. 


SCOREBOARD 


Japanese Leagues 


We dn esd ay's Rn.Ni 
SttalSDoM 0 
Lotte 7. Orix 2 
Kintetsu 11 Nippon Ham 5 


Mathis Appeals N J. Fight Decision 


TRENTON, New Jersey (AP) — Lawyers for Buster Mathis Jr. 
have appealed to the New Jersey athletic commissioner , Larry 
Hazzard Sr., to reverse his “no contest" ruling in Mathis's heavy- 
weight fight against Riddick Bowe. 

With Mathis on one knee in last Saturday’s bout in Atlantic 
City, Bowe hit him with a right that knocked Mathis over, the 
referee, Arthur Mercante, immediately stopped the fight and 


The coach and the trainer of the Croatian basketball team at the 
recently concluded World Basketball Championships have been 
charged with sexual assault, Toronto police said. Giuseppe Gier- 
gia. 57. and Mirko Krolo, 38, were arrested at a Toronto hotel and 
granted bail of 7,500 Canadian dollars each. (AP) 

Representatives for the National Hockey League Players’ Associ- 
ation and owners, who have been without a coDective bargaining 
agreement since last September, will hold a negotiating session on 
Thursday. The two sides have not talked since March 1 6. (Reuters) 
John Krimsky Jr., has been named executive director of the 
U.S. Olympic Committee. Krimsky. the chief fund-raiser for the 
USOC since 1 986, will take over OcL 1 from Harvey Schiller, who 
is leaving to become president of Turner Sports in Atlanta, ( AP) 


Ceetrol Leogee 
w l t 
Y omlurl 57 C 0 

Onmlehl 52 47 o 

Honan In SB ST 0 

Hiroshima 4 « I 

Yokutt 44 S3 0 

Yokohama 44 S3 0 


pa. es 

“ BLEDISLOE CUP 

? Wedee rt ay, to Sydney 

J Australia 2a New Zealand Id 
.495 8 

AM 12 
AM 12 


EEEKHnfflH 


CINCINNATI— Walv«rDanM Stubbs. de- 
fensive end. 

DENVER— Wete a —d Michael Ball, safety. 

INDIANAPOLIS— ftefeand Mac Godv and 
Matt Friar, whfe receivers; Jooe Simon -and 
Matt Mon-m, defensive Unman, and Ranald 
Redeii. defensive back. 

N.Y. GIANTS— Waived Marti Ryttw ml 
Stove Brannon, detanstvc endK Loan Brain 
rondo* bade, and Joey Sm»v defensive 
bbrt. Signed Adorn Sdirvtber. offensive line- 
man. Placed Jorrod Bunch, runnl no bade, an 
the PhwIeoBv-unofa l i fa per term ltd. 

PHILADELPHIA W a i ved • Damada 


OwnJctV z Yomlurl 1 
Konshin L YafniH 0 
Hiroshima », Yokohama s 


BASEBALL 


Sefbu 

Ort* 

Kintetsu 

DoW 

Latte 

Ntopen Ham 


W L T 

M 42 II 

S 41 1 

SS 42 2 

S3 45 1 

39 5* B 

37 59 * 


PCI. OB 

SU — 

JSSB V> 

-557 Mi 

M0 2 

J9B M 

389 17 


SEATTL E — Optioned Jim Converse, pttdt- 
er, la Catoarv. PCi_ 

FOOTBALL 


Green, ooraerback. Stoned wmiara Shankle. 
comertodc. 

PITTSBURGH— Waived Richard Shelton, 
defensive back. 

SAN OIEGO— Releaud Mike OvoL Halit 
end. ’ 


ARIZONA - W aived Richard ShadwidUan 
Baker and Malcolm ShorWl defensive line- 
men. Stoned Bernard Barham and DavM 

Wilkin* defensive linemen, and Patrick Rab- 

hMsn, wide receiver. 


HOCKEY 


ANAHE I M -pla n ed Otos Tverdevakr, de- 
fenseman too muttt-yeor contract. 

PHILADELPHIA— Stoned Brent Petty*, 
left wtno, and Shawn Anderae 


OLYMPICS 

ILL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE— Named 
John Krimsky Jr. enculfve director. 

• ‘ COLLEGE 

CLEMS ON— Named sieve Nelson asso- 
deto. athletic dhvetor. 

COLUMBIA— Named Ted Zazopoulas de- 
ferahe line coach and Jhn Malone ttoM ends 
coach. 

CORNEL L Mamed Michael Tar tor men's 
ossto fonl basketball coach. 

HOFSTRA-Nomcd Ted Ttortoatls tote- 
barters coach and Dante Wright receivers 
CDOriL 

ITHACA — Mimed Ray Lo Forte assistant 
football and lacrosse coach and Hugh Dehnert 
and Geoff MandJIe part-time assistant loaf- 
bail coaches. 

SAINT LOU IS— Announced the resignat i on 
of OebUe Yow, otfileflc director, hi accept a 
similar position at Maryland. 

TULANE — Dismissed Thoddaeus Prosper, 
(tefcnatvc tortl* and Brsnl Barrington, ttoht 
end. from the tocrfball team lor breaking team 
ram. 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 



CALVIN AND HOBBES 


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INTERNATIONA L HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


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AUSSIE? TURN — Ail BtaduT fullback Shane Howarth cuts between Australia’s Willie Obhengaue, right, and 
D«f *en Smith, going on to score atry in the RlecGsloe Cop game Wecfaiesday in Sythiey. New Zealand lost, 20-16. 


Christie Wins a Wet 100 Meters 


By Ian Thomsen 

Iniemaimnal Herald Tnfrwc 

ZURICH — As for those 
best-laid plans . . . 

Properly billed as the closest 
thing to a world championship 
in track and field this year, the 
WeJiklasse Grand Prix buiir a 
new, fast track and laid out S4 
million in hopes of demolishing 
as many as six world records. 
Then it had the whole thing 
overtaken by a thunderstorm 
and a coin toss. 

For a time only Lemy Bur- 
rell, the world’s fastest man, 
had any control of the situation, 
and that was when he instructed 
his agent to call heads. 

The evening's favorite event, 
the men's 100 meters, was won 
in the rain-soaked, disappoint- 
ing time of 10.05 seconds by 
Linford Christie, the British 
Olympic and world champion, 
who at 34 — and without break- 
ing 10 seconds this year — bas 
resumed superiority over his 
American challengers. 

Jon Drummond was distant- 
ly second in 10.15 seconds, with 
Olapade Adeniken of Nigeria 
third in 10.22. Burrell finished 


beyond the help of luck at 10.39 
for seventh place, Dennis 
Mitchell, the American most 
expected to cash in on recent 
good form, was fourth in 10.23. 

At the end of his victory lap 
Christie stood in the hard rain, 
glared up at the stacks of re- 
porters squeezed beneath the 
stadium roof, tapped at his 
sculpted chest and mouthed: 
“I’m No. !.’* 

At least the evening decided 
that much. Christie hadn't been 
so sure it would just 80 minutes 
earlier, before the first rain. 
Turning around at the end of 
his stride, he shook his bead in 
disgust at the sight of his open- 
ing-beat time: 10.13 seconds. 
He didn't know it would be the 
best of the opening round. 

Much more speed bad been 
expected with the presence of 
Burrell, who just six weeks ago 
was setting the world record of 
9.85 seconds in Lausanne. 
About one-tenth of the massive 
budget bad been spent to amal- 
gamate Burrell and 22 other of 
the world’s fastest men — ev- 
eryone but Carl Lewis, who 


The Pitfcdls Awaiting Brazil’s Latest Soccer Wonder 


L ONDON — Budding soccer millionaires are 
like policemen; they seem a little younger 
each day. 

Wheat PSV Eindhoven paid $6 million for 
Ronaldo Luiz Nazario de Lima, it put a high 
price on the promise of youth. Ronaldo is 17 
years young. 

Seventeen! He is a class ldd, no doubt about 
that Eindhoven 


Bob 

Hughes 




reportedly . 
stepped in abend 

of AC Milan. Ju- 

ventus and Ajax 

Amsterdam to buy this latest product from the 
back streets of Brazil. 

Think of the vagaries of youth, the growth, 
spurts that can unbalance a young man’s com- 
mand of his talent. Ponder the heart and mind and 
emotions — and how easily they can be turned. 

Time will tell if Ronaldo loses the carefree 
youth, the instinct that seems to simplify the 
game of man, baH, and net. 

Simplicity is not . guaranteed to mature .with 
age. Lute so much in life, repetition is the source 
and the goal of attainment — yet boredom with 
repetition drives men to drink. 

Ronaldo knows the story of Ganincha, Brazil’s 
“Little Bird” who rose to national acclaim but fell, 
lonely and broken, to a premature death from 
alcoholic poisoning. Perhaps, Ronaldo will hear of 


Gerd Muller, George Best, Jimmy Greaves. They 
were vintage goalscorers. Greatness bought them 
no immunity to doubt or drink. 

Eindhoven's purchase of Ronaldo takes precoci- 
ty onestep nearer the cradle. FhysdcaDy. he is a Man 
Quid. The face of a boy on the body, especially the 
muscular thighs, of a man amongst men. 

Ronaldo's purchase is backed by Philips, the 
Dutch, electrical giant that owns PSV Eindhoven. 
The company last year sold Rom&rio. the player 
of this summer’s World Cup; now it reinvests in 
another Brazilian expected to grow into the next 
Rom&rio, indeed the next Pelc. 

Ronaldo is lucky, but he has known rejection. 
-When he was 13, Flamengo, the Rio de Janeiro 
dub which prides itself on a factory system 
through which 3,000 juniors are assessed annual- 
ly, turned him away. Reportedly, the problem 
was that Ronaldo’s family could not afford the 
bus fares and Flamengo made no offer. 

So the bay from the wastelands of Rio's rough 
Bento Ribeuo district, was taken to SSo Cristo- 
vSo. The coach there was Jairzinbo, the right 
wing in Brazil’s 1 970 World Cup side. 

CristovSo soon cashed in its investment, sell- 
ing him to Cruzeiro in Belo Horizonte. There, he 
scored 55 goals in 57 first team matches. Right 
foot, left foot, head and body, he could score any 
way the ball came to him. He could run, pass, 
dribble and outwit men. 


The beat of a World Cup, a beat that excites all 
Brazilians, grew through this prolific season. 
Zico, Tostao, finally even Pele, called for Ronal- 
do’s induction into the national team. Even the 
mother of Carlos Alberto Paireira. the national 
coach, said it was time. 

Last May, with Rom&rio and Bebeto away in 
Spain, Ronaldo played, and inevitably scored for 
Brazil against Iceland. “He is a phenomenon,” 
declared Tostao, the doctor who ran alongside 
Pete at the 1970 World Cup. “He’s a complete 
attacker — good physique, intelligence, ruthless, 
everything it takes.” 

T HREE months later. Ronaldo had a World 
Cup gold medal and a ticket to Eindhoven. 
Parreira had coached Brazil to the ultimate vic- 
tory, and yet still was vilified for not putting “the 
kid” any closer than the substitute's bench. 

Maybe Parreira was as wise and as paternal as 
his pal Luis Cesar Menotti had been in resisting 
the damor in 1978 to pitch the then teenage 
Diego Maradona into a Weald Cup. Surely the 
coach had proven his point with the prolific 
scoring partnership of Romano and Bebeto? 

You might think so. Thousands of Brazilians 
nevertheless castigated Parreira. They included 
Pete, who played in the 1958 World Cup. as a 17- 
year-old. 

The argument is irrelevant now. The closest 


Ronaldo came to a World Cup was a full part in 
tr ainin g, a full part in the revelry, and a yellow 
balloon with which he kept slapping the men 
who had actually won the trophy. 

Hold onto that image. Boyhood is fleeting, 
and so is the certainty of progress. 

Remember Nii Lamptey Ordatey? He was the 
prodigy smuggled out of Ghana by RSC Ander- 
lecht when he reached 14. Though Belgian law 
forbade Anderlecht to blood him until he was 16, 
and though the Ghanaian soccer federation had 
impounded his passport to prevent poaching, the 
Royal Sporting Club of Anderlecht still procured 
him on false papers. 

Lamptey. you see, was the new Pete, the new 
Maradona. Anderlecht in time paid the Ghana- 
ians $50,000 as a gesture. 

Bernard Tapie broadcast that there was a 
young player, two years away from full develop- 
ment, for whom tits dub O’lympique Marseille 
had agreed to a $15 million fee. Alas. Tapie's 
boast fell as flat as his credit rating. 

But Lamptey is moving on. Subject to British 
Foreign Office" red tape, he joins Aston Villa in 
England for one-tenth of the figure Tapie had in 
mind. 


most 


Lamptey may yet rise above bang labled the 
' his ger 

at. for now. is Ronaldo. 


may . 

it gifted child of his 
Pete? Th 


jneration. But the next 


Rit' IhfihitttimJhe oatl tf Thr Twin. 


pulled out with a stomach infec- 
tion. 

Having experienced a terrible 
opening 50 meters of his second 
heat, Burrell burst even with his 
fellow American. Andre Cason, 
whose time of 10.30 seconds ini- 
tially earned him the eighth and 
last spot in the final. But Burrell 
protested that decision, as he 
and Cason officially had shared 
third place in the heat with 
identical limes. 

The last second was split un- 
successfully to the thousandth 
hair, the smartest computers 
couldn’t pry them apart Their 
agents met somewhere under 
cover of the rain. It was heads. 

It had no effect, ultimately, 
on Christie. 

“The national coach of Brit- 
ain came to me after the beat 
and said it was the best race he 
had ever seen in such condi- 
tions,” be said. “They say I'm 
old. Yes I’m old but not cold.” 

The storm fell hard soon af- 
ter those 100-meter heats, stop- 
ping only for the occasional 
deep breath. The wind succeed- 
ed in knocking down the high- 
jump bar before the high- 
jumpers could (knocking out 
favorite Javier Sotomayor of 
Cuba completely, while" Steve 
Smith of Britain won in 2.28 
meters), and the rain made Ni- 
kes and Reeboks Teel like army 
boots. 

The pole vault simply came 
to a halt at 5.70 meters, with 
Sergei Bubka of Ukraine and 
Maksim Tarasov and Rodion 
Gataulin of Russia sharing the 
championship. All the evening 
lacked was an accident involv- 
ing a javelin. 

Great races were run none- 
theless, in spite of the times. 

The evening's final shot at 
world record came and went in 
the men’s 5,000 meters, as Paul 
Donovan of Ireland pushed a 
world-record pace through 
2,000 meters before giving way. 
Then the race fell to tactics as 
the vastly talented Noureddine 
Morceli of Algeria took the lead 
over a distance to which he is 
not accustomed. 

Khalid Skah of Morocco 
stayed with him for four laps, 
but when the bell sounded Mor- 
celi took off to win in 13:03.85. 
slashing 22 seconds off his Al- 
gerian record set in 1990 and 
announcing that he might 


someday add a world record in 
the 5.000 to those he owns in 
the 1,500 meters, the mile and 
the 3.000 meters. 

Skah was left far behind and 
was overtaken by Fita Bayissa 
for the silver medal at the end. 
The American Bob Kennedy 
finished sixth. 

In another terrific race, Irina 
Privalova of Russia, the recent 
European double champion, 
lunged in 22.15 seconds to beat 
her favored American rival. 
Gwen Torrence, by .01 

‘T had run in such conditions 
before," said Privalova. “while 
training in Moscow." 

In winter? 

“The rain was not my worst 
experience.” said Torrence. 
“Inis year I competed in snow 
in Des Moines." 

In winter. 

“I’ve never competed with 
rain falling before,” said Ameri- 
can Jackie Joyner-Kersee, third 
at 6.95 meters behind Heike 
Drechsler of Germany (7.011 
and winner Inessa K ravels 
(7.09) in a long jump, which was 
shortened by one round. “I 
hope I'll never meet such condi- 
tions again until the end of my 
career?* 

Sonia O'Sullivan of Ireland, 
where has definitely had bad 
experiences with the weather, 
had obviously lost her bid for 
the world record in the mile 
before the race storied and then 
lost out to Hassiba Boulmerka 
of Algeria, who won in 4:22.09. 

“This year was very hard for 
me because of the pressure from 
Algeria, because of the unstable 
situation in the country,” said 
Boulmerka, the 1992 Olympic 
champion at 1,500 meters. She 
has been training in Germany 
and the United Stales as well as 
Algeria this year. 

As expected, the American 
Michael Johnson won the 200 
meters in 20.33 seconds, with 
Daniel Effiong of Nigeria sec- 
ond in 20.46. “In normal condi- 
tions. it would for sure have 
been under 20 seconds,” John- 
son said. “But what can you do 
running into such a head 
wind?" 

The rain had mercifully 
stopped in time for Colin Jack- 
son of Britain to win the high 
hurdles in 13.19 seconds, 
though again well off his own 
world record of 12.91. 


CROSSWORD 


ACROSS 

1 1980 Olympics 
host 

sWriter • 

Louisa Huxtabfe 

8 Setting 
1 3 Computer fat 
*4 Outfielders' 
throws., 
it Steeping 
problem 


17 One-legged 
bafieLposa 

18 'Swan Lake* 
wardrobe 

id Banff spin 

2* Fernando of 
The French 
Connection - 

23 Grande. 

Anz. • 

*4 Cate cup 


€B€ L 

the orehiteet* ■! *!■• 


38 BuHin 
Chihuahua 
2> New Mexico 
artists' town 

» Spots on the 
face 

*4 Drinkers' 
heavens 
37 1935 . Astaire/ 
Rogers musical 

38 “Great 
. . Expectations* 
boy 

40 Helpmate oi 
sorts 

42 Oil-rich 

Dhabi 

43 “In* site, in a 
phrase 

4« Took hold 
again, as a plant 

47 Riga resident 

48 Old Syria 
so Latin «e 
MU — : ' 

Hammer* 

S3 Where Cuzco is 
98 Took it easy 
88 Hopping step. 

inbaHet ' 
si PM spots 
«s Anna Pavlova, 
e.g. 

88 Accustom 
«7 Garfield pat 
48 Desirous Greek 
god 

88 — —incognita 
{old map 
. notation) 

70 D C. lawmaker 

71 Writer Kantor 

•' DOWN 

t Thurman of 
•. “Henry & June* 

sEccLWk 

3 Lose it 

4 Limiting line 

s Lhasa- 

(hairy terriers) 


• Pas (dance 

Tor lour) 

7 The shivers 

• Contents 

• Computer's 

head, lor short 

id Ballet leaps 

11 Opposite of alte 

12 Smooth 

is Begin in earnest 
is Tune of 
importance 

21 Sampler 
as Weaken 
as 'Fiddler* actor 

27 Express a view 

28 BaUff coach 

30 Ad per 

Aspara 

(Kansas' motto) 

32 Local theaters 

33 Old music 
magazine 

SB Cote sound 
38 Rub 

aa Conte's quest 
4i Series of 

connected battel 
movements 
44 Biblical verb 
ending 

88 Female ruff 
SB Theatrical bit 
57 Murray of song 
SB Softens 

46 Artists' Reworks 
4* Stallone role 
S2 Voyaging 
84 Stephen 

Foster's * 

Bayne* 

■oAarUngus 

land 

82 Be wrong 

M' a 

chantwf' 
as Oar wood 



PimVHlt j 1 

© New York Times Edited by Will Shortz- 


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Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1994 


ART BUCHWALD 


p OUie Needs His Gun ? 


M ARTHA’S VINEYARD, 
Massachusetts — People 
are constantly asking me if l 
ever get emotionally involved 
with those I write about The 
answer is I wouldn't be human 
if 1 didn't 

Take the recent outrage that 
was committed against OUie 
North, the Republican Senate 
nominee in 



Virginia. A 
county circuit 
judge refused 
to renew 
North’s re- 
quest to cany 
a concealed 
weapon be- 
cause he was 
not of “good 
character." 

The judge 
ruled that he could not ignore 
North's convictions in Irangate, 
even though they were over- 
turned. According to the judge, 
the crimes still showed that 
North was guilty of moral tur- 
pitude and lacking good char- 
acter. 

When 1 read this story, 1 al- 
most wanted to cry. IT a Senate 
candidate of OUie's political 


Buchwaid 


Bolivar Portrait Draws 

Apologies From Chile 


Reuters 

SANTIAGO — Chile apolo- 
gized Tuesday to three other 
Latin American governments 
for a portrait of Simon Bolivar 
by an artist subsidized by the 
Chilean government that shows 
tiie independence hero as a 
half-naked transvestite. Post- 
cards of the painting were wide- 
ly circulated. 

The picture by Joan Davila, 
titled “The Liberator Simon 
Bolivar 1994," depicts the hero 
with a woman’s breasts, lace 
stockings and making an ob- 
scene gesture while astride a 
multicolored horse. It sparked 
protests from three of Chile's 
neighbors, Venezuela. Colom- 
bia and Ecuador. Venezuela’s 
envoy c alling the painting “an 
affront to the national dignity 
of the people of Venezuela.” 


persuasion can't be trusted to 
cany a concealed weapon, who 
in this country can? 

This is not just a frivolous 
w him. If OUie wins the election 
and goes to the Senate, you 
can’t expect him to serve there 
unarmed. Half the senators in 
this country believe Americans 
should have a pistol under their 
belts if they are going to make 
the laws of the land, and more 
than half have moral turpitude 
problems of their own. 

□ 

When I first read the news I 
faxed this to Judge James L. 
Berry of Gark County: “If Ol- 
lie North is dol permitted to 
carry a concealed weapon, then 
I refuse to cany one as well. 

“North is as qualified to con- 
ceal a .45 in Ins pants as G. 
Gordon Liddy. Although OUie 
may have been involved in arms 
deals with the Ir anians, this 
does not mean he can’t shoot 
straighL 

“OQie is being supported by 
the Christian right, and this 
should be proof that he does 
not practice moral turpitude. 
All he wants to do is be armed 
in case his rival Senator Robb 
charges that he is a liar. 

“As a strong advocate of peo- 
ple carrying concealed weap- 
ons, particularly when they are 
hunting or fishing, I will be per- 
sonally responsible for North’s 
gun 1 behavior. I assure you that 
he will not do anything in Vir- 
ginia like he did in Iran. 

“The charge that OUie North 
is not of good .character is 
laughable. Just look at the peo-. 
pie he worked with in the White 
House — Admiral faindexter. 
W illiam Casey, Bob McFarlane 
and all the Middle East middle- 
men in between. 

“Every one of them will tes- 
tify that North was doing noth- 
ing more than following the 
president's orders. You don't 
withhold a man's gun permit 
just because he can’t remember 
a lot of the details of Irangate 
when he testified on the stand. 

“Please, sir, give Ollie bis gun 
back. A person can’t run in a 
Senate campaign in this coun- 
try anymore unless he can shoot 
from the hip.” 


For Christian De Sica, a Foray lnto Realism 


By Ken Shuiman 


R OME — Alessandro Haber paces petulantly 
through the Jow-cdlinged, nuorescently lit. 
claustrophobic hospital corridor, repeating his Lines 
in an obsessive chant as if searching for the right 


47-year-old Italian character actor is between takes 
in Christian De Sica’s “Uornini, Uomini, Uomini” 
(Men. Men, Men) of a scene in which his character, a 
middle-aged doctor named Bernardo Picdoni, dis- 
covers that his HIV test has turned out negative after 
an initial mistake of identity gave him a positive 
response. 

“Picdoni with an *N,' ” he erupts as the filming 
starts, shifting his tone toward the menacing as he 
excoriates the nurse who handed him the wrong 
result. “Not Picdovi with a *V.‘ Picdoni with an *N.’ 
And I nearly wet my pants.” 

“Uo mini, Uomini, Uo mini ” is a film about four 
men in their 40s united by an indissoluble friend- 
ship, and by their homosexuality. 

“Italian cinema has always treated the phenome- 
non of homosexuality rather lightly,” says De Sica, 
who wrote and directs the film, and also plays the 
part of Vittorio, a gay architect whose companion of 
25 years suddenly decides to marry. In most films, 
be says, homosexuals are portrayed as “the usual 
queens who shake their bottoms, or who trail off into 
dark alleys in search of adventure. The reality of the 
life of gay men is quite diff erent. And I wanted to 
make a Him that told the truth.” 


Christian De Sica, 43, is an unlikely exponent for 
dramatic, realistic cinema. He is the son of Vittorio 
De Sica, the director of such neorealist classics as 
“Umberto D” and “Ladri di Bidcletta” (Bicycle 
Thieves) and “The Garden of the Finri-Contmis.” 
The younger De Sica is best known for his work as 
an actor in light, comic films about wealthy Italians 
on winter holidays at SL Moritz or Cortina d’Am- 
pezzo. He began acting at the age of IB when 
Roberto Rossellini, father of his then-Gancee, Isa- 
bella, cast him in a small part in “Blaise Pascal.” 
Since then, he has acted in nearly 50 films, 30 of 
which have been major Italian box office hits. 

De Sica is a talented performer and actor who 
gives the impression of never having tried to fully 
harness his gift, letting it canter instead in fitful, 
disinterested spurts. As an artist, be was almost like 
a wealthy heir who survived by selling occasional 
parcels of an immense patrimony, working in televi- 
sion, variety theater and in a series of desultory, 
slapstick films. Paradoxically, his apparently per- 
functory approach to acting also created a wide- 
spread impression that he is gay, an impression not 
founded m fact. 

He remains one of Italy's most nor.': r actors, 
and one of its highest paid. De Sica is not in the least 
defensive about his choice of roles. “Most of the 
films I’ve acted in have been comedies of manner or 
farces,” he says. “But I can tell you that in some 
cases it is easier to play a role in a Shakespearean 
tragedy than to recite some of the dialogue I've had 
to read." He recently acted in four television spots 



rhrfcriflw De Sica oo set of Ms new film, “Uomini, Uomini, Uomini. ’ 


for a brand of cooked Italian ham whose sales have 
risen 30 percent since the campaign was aired. 

All this should change with “Uomini, Uommi, 
Uomini.” De Sica’s fourth film as director, and his 
first attempt at making a personal statement in film. 
“This is Christian's own angle on homosexuality,” 
says the film's producer, Auretio De Lauren tiis. 
“The film is about how these four men conceive their 
own nature. I've left him complete freedom on this 
film. My role is derisive in a genre film, the type of 
film I usually make. But this is an art film, and must 
be fashioned by the artist who conceived it.” 

Although a departure for both De Sica and De 
Lauren tiis, “L omini” is only a calculated gamble. 
The $2J5 milli on needed to make it is a fraction of 
what the producer usually spends on his annual 
winter holiday films. As additional insurance, the 
two men are also collaborating on a Christmas 
comedy, a film entitled “SPQR” that is set in pre- 
Christian Rome and stars the American comic actor 
Leslie Nielsen and De Sica. 

De Sea’s extensive experience in film gives him a 
broad and solid base as a director. Like his father, he 
is more interested in dialogue and gesture than he is 
in innovative camera work and movement. He is an 


actor’s director, and. dreams of abandoning Iris own 
gr*inf » career to move definitively behind the cam- . 
era. 

“The thing that most distinguishes Christian on 
the set is his absolute professionalism,” says Haber, 
who has worked with most of Italy's leading (Erec- 
tors. “He knows what he wants from, an actor, but he •' 
is also w illing to listen. We all kick the ball around 
before and during a scene.” . 

De Sica refuses to look at “Uomini" as an act of 
atonement or personal redemption. He is not peni- 
tent about his previous work. Even his father, De 
Sica prints out, financed his neoreaHst films by 
acting in a series of popular comedies. Still, “Uo-. 
mini” is by far De Sica’s most ambitious and heart- 
frit effort, and one in which be has invested, perhaps 
for the first time, the full mass of his talent and souL 

“Neorealism was bom out of a need to tril the 
truth,” explains the director. “Out of a need to show 
the suffering, hunger, and tragedy of life in Italy 
after the war. This nlm, too, was bom out of a need ■ 
to tril the truth. ToteflastorythatlbeKeveneeds to 
be told." ' 


Ken Shuiman is an American writer based ui Italy. 


PEOPLE 


Tfes Getty Squabble: 
jfoaeumBadoradt* 


i jazz 

Bot 


and composer Bob Brook- 
meyer, 64, has signed a four- 
year contract to conduct the 
Danish Radio Big Band in Co- 
penhagen. Brookmeyer has 
played, with Tex Beneke, 
Woody Herman, Getry Mnffi- 
ggn, Mel Lewis and Thad Jones. 
• □ 

Move over Mkk? Nick Dag- 
ger thinks so as his The Coun- 
terfeit S tones opened their 
“world tour” at a rock festival 
m Leuven, Belgium. He says his 
group is probably the second- 
greatest rock ’ri’ roll band in the 
world, after the real Stones that 
is. Said Dagger, flanked by fel- 
low band, members Kecf Rick- 
ard and Byron Wood-Tayloc- 
Joaes: "They do the big stuff, 
big stadiums, and we do the 
dose, dangerous stuff.” 


WEATHER 


WEEKEND DESTINATIONS 


Europe 



TMta* 




High 

Low 

W 


Low W 


OF 

OF 


OF 

OF 


30/86 

22/71 


31/86 

21/70 1 

Amstiwdfem 

22 rr 

16/61 

p« 21/M 

16#l pc 

Antova 

30 tW 

m»i 


34 im 

18/81 pc 

ftOrana 

34 «J 

23/73 

s 

33/91 

23/73 pc 

BmnwJonn 

zf no 

22/71 


SUM 

23/73 s 

Mgm*, 

32<B» 

ISrtll 

■ 

29/84 

17«2 ■ 

BsiBn 

21/70 

11/52 

ih sans 


Bnwssto 

24/78 

15/SB 


24/75 

14/57 pc 

Budoprot 

31/60 

14/57 ih S7/BO 

17*2 pc 


22/71 

12/63 

<4, 22/71 

13/M pc 

Cw4aMSol 

32*9 

34/75 


32/BO 

24/75 c 

Ditto 

21 no 

11/52 

sh 

IBM 

8/46 Sh 

Etou|/i 

T8M 

12/53 ah 

17/82 

1tS2 ah 

Ffanmx, 

27/80 

MMSI 


31/86 

19«8 s 

FranHwr 

22/71 

(2/53 

nh 

24/75 

14/57 pe 

d™ 

23/73 

10/81 


77/60 

17432 a 

HtiWnM 

17/62 

1203 


19*8 



34/93 

21/70 


31/88 

20*8 pc 

LaaPttraui 

27/BO 

22/71 

■ 

27/80 


Lcbon 

29/64 

21/JO pc 29M 

20*8 s 

LuiaUii 

n/73 

14/57 

pc 22/71 


Modnd 

33/91 

21/M 

3 

36/97 


Mtai 

38/79 

IBM 

pc 30/66 20JS6 ■ 

Moscow 

20/68 

12/53 


23/73 



21/70 

1203 

c 

24/75 

14*7 pe 


3/77 

19*6 


28/62 



21/70 

1203 

c 

21/M 


Pl*m 

26/79 

24/75 


29/84 


PBfc 

23/73 

16/61 

pc 26/79 

14*7 pc 

Pngw 

22/71 

10/50 

sh 23/73 

13/55 pc 

FteyktwA 

M/57 

a/46 

c 

14/57 

IM pe 

Rocno 

33/91 

19466 

1 

32/89 


SI PMoratMm ISM 

10/50 


20/86 

11/52 sh 

Stod4K*n 

16M 

12/33 


ISMS 

12*3 sh 

Snosbo«D 

22/71 

14/57 

c 

27/80 

14/57 ( 


16161 

12B3 


im 

13/55 ih 

Vanfca 

20/79 

I9M6 


29/84 

22/71 S 

Vfeeaw 

22/71 

13/5S 


23/73 


Wnm 

24/75 

HMH «h 22/71 

12*3 pc 

Ami 

22/71 

14/57- pc 

27/80 

16*1 s 

Oceania 

Auckland 

14S7 

7/44 


16/SB 

6/46 Ml 

Srdmr 

17/02 

9/48 

eh 

IBM 

BM6 pc 


Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 



North America 

SwaRartng hoar wH remain 
across Uib Southwestern 
United Slates through the 
weekend. It will be quite 
warm, even as tar west as 
Los Angeles and San Fran- 
cisco. The Northeast <■« be 
warm and humid Viis week- 
end and a taw ahemem and 
thunderstorms are possible 
tale Saturday or Sunday. 


Europe 

London wBt bo windy with 
showers Friday, then the 
weekend wfl be breezy with 
clouds and sunshine. Parts 
wW also have a gusty wtnd 
along with some showers 
Friday, than the weekend wfl 
be partly sunny and mild. 
Heat w* spread from Span 
across southern Francs and 
toward Ray. 


Asia 

A heat wave w« buld across 
central and eastern China 
IMs weekend. The heat will 
reach Peking and Shanrtial 
by Saturday. Typhoon Fred 
wfl continue west -northwest- 
ward and may threaten Tai- 
wan or Okinawa late Satur- 
day or Sunday. Tokyo wfl be 
warm and steamy and < may 
shower a tew times. 


Asia 




Toro on ow 


Mqh 

Low 

W 

HV> 

Low W 


car 

CiF 


OF 

OF 

Pafltafc 

32*6 

25/77 pc 33*1 

25/77 1 

J55U 

91/86 

31*6 

21/M pc 31*6 
28/70 « 31*8 

71/70 pc 
26/79 pc 

ktosta 

32*9 

2*m 


31 ma 

24/75 pc 

NowDoH 

32*9 

26/70 

1 

32*9 

2W7B pc 

Scot/ 

sum 

27*0 


33*1 

27*0 pc 

Shanghai 

32 ft® 

28//B 


33*1 

26/70 pc 


31*8 

23/73 


32*9 

am i 


32*6 

M7S 


33*1 

25/77 1 

Tofcpi 

84*5 

27*0 

Ml 33*1 

27*0 pc 

Africa 

*9«n 

30*6 

23*3 


31*8 

23/73 % 

rapaTo-i 

17*2 

4/39 


14*7 

3/37 pc 

ttaiahtonm 

26*2 

20*6 


29/84 

30*0 pc 

HfflSDt) 

23/71 

12*3 


23/73 

12*3 pc 


26*2 

24/75 


28*4 

24/75 S#» 

Mwmhi 

22/71 

12/53 


23/73 

12*3 pc 

Tubs 

34*3 

22/71 

pc 

34*3 

22/71 pe 


SATURDAY 



SUNDAY 


Mkmcsots and data (Retold 
byAccu-Wamec tocBlflb* 


Europe and Kiddie East 
Location Weather 


Europe end Hddta East 


North America 


Cannes 

Deauvfle 

Rimini 

Malaga 

Caglait 

Faro 

nraeue 

Corfu 

Brighton 

Oetend 

Scheverdngon 

Izmir 
Tel Aviv 




Low 

Wttar 

Wmm 

Wind 

Location 

WeMher 


Low 

WHwr 

Wavs 

Tamp. 

Temp. 

Temp. 

IldgW 

Spaad . 




Tmap. 

Totqp. 


mm 

OF 

OF 

OF 

{MHO a) 

(k|*») 



OF 

OF 

(Him) 

28/79 

18/84 

28/79 

1-2 

E - 

1020 

Cannas 

aunhy 

27780 

19/86 

26/79 

' 1-2 ' 

24/75 

17/62 

24/75 

1-2 

N . 

15-30 

DfefeuwBa 

partly ataxy 

25/77 

18*1 

24/7S 

-1-2 

2SVB4 

21/70 

26/79 

0-1 

NE 

1225 

FttnH 

am 

ttwndairalORra 

29/84 

"22/71 

■28/79 

O-l 

32/89 

24/75 

27780 

0-1 

SE 

1225 

Malaga 

32/89 

24/7 W 

" 27*0 

0-T 

33/91 

23/73 

27780 

0-1 

W 

1020 

CaoBarf 

■tiwy ' 

dcxxfaandsun 

32*8 

23/73 

27*0 

0-1. - 

30/86 

22/71 

21/70 

1-2 

SW 

15-30 

Faro 

30*86 

.21/70 

21/70 

1-2 

34/93 

23/73 

27/BO 

0-1 

NW 

12-25 

Ptraaus 

•grey 

83/91 

23/73 

27*0 

0-1 

asm 

23/73 

27780 

0-1 

NW 

1525 

Corfu 

ataxy 

33/91 

22/71 

27*0 

0-1 

22/71 

13/55 

17/62 

1-2 

W 

15-30 

Brighton 

navy 

23/73 

11/52 

-17*2 

*• 0-1 ■■■ 

23/73 

16/61 

20/68 

1-2 

N 

2036 : 

Ostend 

ctoua and aun 

2271 ’ 

15*9- 

20*8 

1-2 

23/73 

16/BI 

19/66 

1-2 

N . 

2040 

Schaiianfcigen 

ckwdaandaun 

2271. 

1£fi9 

19*9- 

. . 1-2 

20658 

1305 

1804 

1-2 

N 

2540 

sya 

partly wny 

21/70 

13*5 

16*4 

1-2 

34/83 

23/73 

27/BO 

1-2 

N 

20-40 

Izmir 

navy ■ 

■34/93 

23/73 

27/90 

1-2 

3Q/B8 

23/73 

27780 

0-1 

SW 

15-25 

TaiAvta 

aurvy • 

30*8 

23/73 

27*0 

0-1 


Speed 

W*) 

BE 12-25 


NE 

NE 


.15-80 

10-00 


SW 12-25 
W - - 1O-0Q- 


SW 1520 
NW 12-25 


NW 1500 
W 1020 


20-40 

2550 


NW 25-50 
N 20-40 


SW 12-22 


Ctaccoo 


21/to USE pc 30*6 13*55 pc 
Sim 19*0 pc 32*9 2100 pc 
23/73 19*5 r £3/73 17*? t 


Carfebean and Wtest Atlantic 


Caribbean and West Atlantic 


Middle East 


Latin America 


Brins 

Criro 


Hyedh 


Tndsy 
Ugh Lew W Hk0i 
OF OF 
33*1 34/to ■ 

3BJS7 22/71 i 
33*1 1900 ■ 

31*0 to *8 ■ 

42/HJ7 ZStn ■ 

44/111 27*0 1 


Low W 


33*1 23/73 • 
36*7 21/M • 
33*1 17*2 • 
31*6 IB/86 ■ 
42/10722/71 ■ 
44/11126/78 • 


7faitor . Tomorrow 

M0h Law W Mgh Low W 
OF Cf OF OF 
BMnoaMtm 18*4 T1S2 pc IBM 8/46 pc 
27/80 21/70 pc 26*2 20*8 pc 
18*4 16/56 pc 18*4 15*8 pc 
MmfcoCfy 23*3 12*3 I 24/75 13/55 pc 
Hta ita ta m ri u 24 m IBM pc 25/77 18*6 pc 
16*1 2/35 pc 14*7 1/34 j 


Dm* 

ttmoUU 

Houston 


26*2 18*0 I 31*8 16*4 pc 
32/89 15 156 s 34*3 10*1 pc 
27*0 17*2 pc 26*2 16*4 pc 
32/M 25/77 ■ 32*9 24/75 pc 
35*5 23/73 s 37*6 24/75 ■ 


Barbados sunny 

Kingston partly sunny 

St. Thomas sunny 

Hamilton sunny 


32*9 

24/75 

28/82 

2-4 

BtE 

20-39 

Baibfedoi 

33*1 

24/75 

28*2 

1-2 

E 

25-60 

Kingston 

SLTncniaa 

35*5 

24/75 

28*2 

1-2 

E 

2525 

32/39 

25/77 

27*0 

1-2 

SE 

20-40 

Ham ten 


■urmr 

pertly sunny 
partly sway 
sunny 


34/03 

34*3 

32*8 


24 rrs 

24/75 

26/79 

25/77 


W ENE 20-35 
28*2 1-2 E 2M0 

28*2 2-4 E 25-40 

27*0 1-2 SE 20-35 


Lagwnrt nmy. pc-parttyebufy, octaudy. SHAwre, t-eundeafesms, Main.sFsnow luntss. 
snenew, Mce. W-WnTW. A6 map*, forecasts and data provided by Aow-WsriUier, he. 8 1B94 


Lea Angelas 

Mart 

tfenwapota 

n*a 

szira 

26*7 

10*6 
26 *TT 
17*7 

PS 

1 

pe 

31*8 

33*1 

3W 

20*6 pc 
25/7T 1 
17*2 pe 

Asta/Pacific 

Penang 

clouds and sun 

32*9 

23/73 

29*4 

0-1 

SW 

10-20 

AsUPacffie 

Penang 

ttnaxtaratoons 

32*9 

23/73 

29*4 

0-1 

SW 

10-20 




c 


15/59 1 

Phuket 


32*9 

25/77 

29*4 

0-1 

sw 

10® 

Phufcat 


33*1 

25/77 

29/84 ' 

0-1 

sw 

16-25 

hhwYo* 

27*0 21/M 


36/84 21/M c 

Bali 

clouds and sot 

32*9 

23/73 

29*4 

0-1 

sw 

12-25 

Bal 

clouds and son 

32*9 

23 ns 

29*4 

0-1 

sw 

12-25 


Cahu 

party sunny 

32*9 

24/75 

30*8 

0-1 

SE 

15*0 

Cebu 

party au/sy 

33*1 

24/75 

30*6 

0-1 

SE - 

15-25 


33trs 



32/71 

14*7 > 

PaJra Beach. Mis 

party sunny 

17*2 

S/48 

17*2 

1-2 

w 

20-36 

Pnkn Beach. Aw. 

sway 

18*4 

9M6 

16*1 

0-1 ' 

w 

10-20 

Saagta 

24/75 

13*5 


36/70 

13*5 pe 

Bay ah Islands. NZ 

parity sunny 

14*7 

7/44 

16*1 

1-2 

sw 

2550 

Bay rt Islands. NZ 
SWrahama 

mowers 

15/59. 

W46 

15*9 

1-2 

w 

30-50 

Twato 

2303 

16*1 

■h PU77 

17*2 pc 

Shtrahoma 

party sunny 
party sunrtv 

32*9 

25/77 

29*4 

1-2 

SE 

20-35 

thundaotonm 

32*9 

25/77 

29*4 

1-2 

SE 

20-40 

HWim^uii 



' 


22/71 pc 

Honolulu 

32*9 

25/77 

26/79 

0-1 

ENE 

25-45 

HotqUu 

partystm/y 

32*9 

24/75 

26/79 

0-1 

SUE 

25-45 ' 


.,1 


Timothy Clifford, director of 
the National Galleries of Scot- 
land, tried to pamfy Wm JNd 
Getty 2d on Wednesday After 
the enraged multimillionaire 
threatened to withdraw an offer 
of £1 mflb'on ($1-5 . million) to 
stop the export of *^The Three 
Chaccs," a statue by Antonio 
Gatova. Scottish and Engli sh 
galleries have struggled to-raise 
wwTHon to match: what the 
Getty Museum in California 
has offered for die sculpture. If 
they can raise the cash, the Brit- 
ish government can block its 
export. But Getty threatened to 

call it afl off after Clifford ac- 
cused him of being; motivated 
by a famfly feud. Cliff ordim- 
mediatety apologized. 

□ 

The stepfather erf a boy who 
accused Michael Jackson of mo- 
lestation is suing Jackson, daim- 
mg he broke up the family fay 

plying the boy and his toother 
with thousands of dollars worth 
of gifts: The stepfather and his 
wife separated last fall, the step- 
father’s lawyer, Danny Davis, 
yrirf The youth, ins mother and 
bis biological father, sealed the 
motestatkm lawsuit for a report- 
ed $15 tmOkm. The stepfather 
was not a party to the suit and 
gpt none of the settlement. 

- □ 


v.. 



4 '• . . 


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ABET Access Numbers. 

How to call around the wodd. 

I. Using ihe chart below, find the coumyyou are calling from. - 
1 Dial the corresponding AES' Access Number. 

i An (HOT English-speaking Operator orvotoprampri^ ask for (be phone number you wish to call or coonecr you to a 

customer service representative. 

Torecdve your free waBet card cf ABETs Access Numbers, jostdialtteaaKS8rMiirtxa:of 
. the country ynfic in andask for GostomerSerribe. 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMB ER COUNTRY ACCESS N UMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMOTR 
ASIA 172-1011 Boon ' 000-8010 


Australia 


1-800-881-011 Uec ht engcetor 


155-00-11 Chile 


China. PRO*-* 


10811 Lithuania* 


Guam 


8*196 Colnwhlfl 


OOa-0312 


018-872 Luxembourg 


Song Kong 


08000111 Costa. Rian* 


980-11-0010 


India* 


800-1111 Macedonia, F.Y-JL of 998004 288 Ecuador* 

0800890-110 El Salvador** - 


114 


000-117 Mater 


119 


Indonesia* 


001-801-10 Monaco 1 


Japan* 


Wa-oon Guatemala*. 


190 


0039-111 Netherlands* 


Korea 


009-11 Norw a y 


‘*>- 022-9111 Guyana*** 


190 


Korea** 


800-190-11 Honduras’* 


165 


ir Poland**- 


Malaysia* 


8008011 Foortngar 


0*0104808111 Mexico*** 


123 


New Zealand 


000-911 Romania 


05017-1-288 WrmgBi(M«MpHr) 


95800-462^240 


FbJHpptoes* 


01800-4288 Panama* 


174 


105-u aBgggftjwg 


155-5042 Peru* 


.109 


235-2872 Slovakia 


Singapore 


800-0111-111 Spain* 


00420-00101 Snrirane 


191 


Sri Lanka 


43 0430 Sweden* 


90WOO-ii Uruguay 


156 


Ww»r 


0080-102888 Swtac riJU KT 


020-795-611 Venezuela *■ 


008410 


I5580-U 


80011-120 


Thailand* 


0019-991-1111 UJBL 


EUROPE 


Ukraine* 


0500-89-0011 Hahsmmj 


CARIBBEAN 


Armenia** 


8*14111 


MEDDLE EAST 


8 * 100-11 Bermuda* 


1800-872-2881 


Austria**** 


022-903-013 Bahrain 


British VI 


1800872-2881 


1800-872-2881 


Brighton* 


0800-100-10 Cyprus* 


8Q(H)01 Cayman Islands 1800872-2881 


Bulgaria 


00-18008010 land 


080-90010 Grenada* 


Croatia?* 


99-38-0011 Kuwait 


177-100-2727 - Haiti* 


1800872-2881 


convenient Access Numbers on your righL 



Czech Hep 


00420-00101 Lebanon (BetentJ 


800-288 Jamaica** 


001-800-972.2883 


Denmark* 


8001-0010 Qatar 


426-801 


0800872-2881 


Finland* 


9800-100-10 Saudi Arabia 


MOMU-77 StKhcj/Nevis 


001-800872-2881 


1800-10 


1800-872-2881 


France 


19 *- 001 I Ttateer 


Germany 


01308010 UAE* 


Gr e ece* 


00800-1311 


AMERICAS 


00800-12277 Efeypt* (Cato) 
800-121 Gabon* 


AFRICA 


H un g ar y* 


ksbrkFa 


00*80081111 Argentina* 


Gambia* 


5104000 

Otfl-OOl 


999-001 Belize* 


Ireland 


1800-550-000 Bofirtl* 


001800-200-1111 Kenya* • • 
Liberia 


lOOUl 


555 


-0800-10 


0800-1112 


797-797 





0-800-9^0123 


ft * a ®Shrf>eG»BdasaaB. 




I'FM Al/.l 



i 




i.'-' 



C; 


■ s ■, t