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Paris, Tuesday, August 23, 1994 

A Year After Plot, Life Looks Better to Yeltsin 

- By Steven Erfanger 

, . New York Tima Sentoc 

MOSCOW — - A yeacago, President Boris N; Ydtsm 
announced that he.was preparing a “September barrage” 
against his opponents in mliaxnent. By October, the 
metaphor had turned real, with tanks firing cannon into 
the Parliament building. . 

Tfcds August, there is an eerie stability. Manthly-mfla- 
tioo is down to 6perceat'conipared with 26 percent a year 
ago. Salaries are worihmore, with the ruble stronger, and 
consumer pending’ is up. ' 

There is consensus on economic policy under Prime 
Minister Viktor S. Chernomyrdin, who has adopted the 
very tight-mpney pobcies he criticized in January. ... . 

Mr. Yeltsin appears more energetic, the new Pariia- 
men t is behaving itsdf and a-divided oppositian is" appar- 
ently looking more toward 1996-riectums than to street 

On a trip last week down the Volga Rivec,'tandng with 

ordinary Russians, Mr. Yeltsin had a new announce* 
ment: “I see that in many regions the economic slide has 

That is a vast improvement, but how stable is it? Made 
pessimistic by their tortured history, few Russians tike to 
hazard any bets. The country has been in tumult so long 
that any extended period without calamity is deeply 
unsettling. ' 

Opinion polls still show ambivalence about the future, 
even as the newspapers debate whether the August 1991 
coup attempt against Mikhail S. Gorbachev was an effort 
to save the country or to strangle it 

Among Muscovites, traditionally the most cosmopoli- 
tan of Russians, only 30 percent thinir capitalism will 
improve their lives and that of their famines while 37 
percent still say they do not know. About 23 percent 
think things will become worse. A year ago, fewer people 
— 26 percent — expected an improvement in daily we. 

There are enormous problems in Russia, from crime, 

corruption and moral disorder, to growing unemploy- 
ment, unpaid salaries and intercompany debt But as 
Sergei Pavlenko, head of the Russians Center for Eco- 
nomic Reforms, said: “The high- temperature fever crisis 
of the Russian economy is over." 

A senior Western finance official pul it differently: 
“We're happy with Russia now. Why? Because it's not cm 
the precipice anymore. It may get there again, but it’s 
kind of back-burner. It’s costing us less in money and less 
in nerves” 

For lack of a better strategy in an extended period of 
thin budgets and greater domestic demands, Washington 
and other allies seem simply to be trying to buy time for 

Such a policy annoys Foreign Minister Andrei V. 
Kozyrev, who fears that Western miserliness and strate- 
gic neglect now, in sharp contrast to the effort made to 

See YELTSIN, Page 4 

A PASTORAL PONTIFF — ^ Pope John Paid II strolling Monday in the Aosta Valley in Italy. The Vatican denied published reports that the pontiffs health 
was declining, saying Jie walked for a full 90 minutes and that be still planned to visit Bosnia-Herzegovina next month. The Pope, 74, is on a 10-day holiday. 

Republicans Help Clinton Win a Round on Crime Bill 

By Kenneth 3 . Cooper 

Washmgton Post Senke 

WASHINGTON — ■ House Democrats 
have joined with moderate Republicans to 
give President Bin Clinton a desperately 
needed victory on a compromise $30 bil- 
lion crime bill, sending the measure to the 
Senate for final votes. 

The comfortable victory, 235 to 195, 
came late Sunday afta Democratic leaders 
negotiated an agreement with Republican 

moderates to devote more funds to police 
forces and prisons but fewer to cruse- 
prevention programs, which critics called 

The moderates then kept their end of a 
rare bipartisan bargain in the House and 
delivered 46 votes for the bill, including its 
ban on 19 assault weapons, “copycat” 
models and large ammunition dips. The 
ban had been vigorously fought by the 
powerful National Rifle Association. 

Mr. Clinton praised the bipartisan suc- 

cess in passing the bill, which opponents 
had blocked Aug. 1 1 on a procedural vote. 
“This is the way Washington ought to 

work, and I hope it will work in this way in 
the future,” he said in remarks at the White 

To complete a reversal of his political 
fortunes on the crime bill, Mr. Clinton 
must win at least one more procedural 
battle, this time in the Senate, which 
passed its version of the crime bill last 

Saying that more funds must be 
trimmed from the bill Senator Orrin G. 
Hatch of Utah pledged that he and his 
fellow Republicans would launch a chal- 
lenge based on budgetary rules, possibly 
forcing Democrats to secure 60 votes to get 
final action on the legislation. “It still may 
collapse," he said. 

The chairman of the Senate Judiciary 
Committee, Joseph R. Biden Jr., Democrat 

See CRIME, Page 3 

Cubans Ignore U.S. Rebuff: 
6 We Just Want to Get Out’ 

By Roberto Suro 

Washingt on Post Serrtee 

HAVANA ' — Slapping together make- 
shift rafts of innertubes, ropes and scrap 
lumber, Cubans continue to set out to sea 
for the United States in large numbers 
despite the Clinton adminis tration's new 
effort to deter them. 

Dozens of those leaving said they were 
not troubled by the prospect of ending up 
back in Cuba, at the U.S. naval base at 
Guantanamo Bay. 

“Guam&namo is all light by me,” said 
Juan, an electrician who was busy ham- 
mering together a raft on the rocky beach 
at Cojmiar, on the eastern fringes of Ha- 
vana. “We’ll be with the Americans there. 
Anyway, 3 don’t think well be. there for 
long. I have a brother in Florida who will 
get me out.” 

la the face of an unprecedented exodus- 

ctf Cuban rafters, President Bill Clinton 
last week reversed a U.S. policy that had 
. welcomed people fleeing Cuba as refugees. 
Instead, those intercepted at sea by the. 
Coast Guard will be taken to Guantana- 
mo, and those who make it to U.S. shores 
will be detained. 

The Coast Guard had stopped 1,367 
refugees Monday by late afternoon, a daily 
record since the Marie! exodus in 1980, 
which saw 125,000 Cubans arrive in the 
United States in the space of five months. 
A total of 1,189 refugees were picked up 
Saturday, and 1,293 were picked up Sun- 
day. - 

Including Monday’s refugess, the Coast 
Guard said, h has rescued 6,418 Cubans in 
August and 1 1,449 in all of 1994. An un- 
counted number have perished at sea. 

Working with Juan on the beach at Cqji- 

See CUBA, Page 4 

The Afcodam] Prcu 

HARSH PENALTY — As China continued its policy of quick retribution 
for corruption, Gui Bingquan, director of a grain bureau, was executed 
Monday in Liaoning Province after being sentenced for embezzlement 

Somalis Kill 
7 UN Troops 
In Ambush of 
India Convoy 

Compiled fy Our Staff From Dtyaches 

MOGADISHU, Somalia — Somali 
militiamen ambushed UN peacekeep- 
ers Monday in southwestern Somalia, 
killin g seven Indian soldiers and 
wounding six, officials said. 

The latest incident brings to 1 06 the 
number of UN peacekeepers killed in 
fighting in Somalia since May 1993. 

Major Richard McDonald, military 
spokesman for the UN mission in So- 
malia, said Monday that “an unpro- 
voked and carefully coordinated am- 
bush occurred on an Indian convoy at 

Burlcego is a village about 115 kilo- 
meters (70 miles) southwest of the 
capital, Mogadishu. The area, as well 
as southern Mogadishu, is controlled 
by the Somali National Alliance, 
which is headed by General Moham- 
med Fanrah Aidid. 

General Aidid, who once had a 
price put on his head by the United 
Nations for the killing erf 24 Pakistani 
peacekeepers in an ambush last year, 
is Somalia’s most notorious warlord. 

Major McDonald said that about 
70 militiamen had attacked the Indian 
convoy with anti-aircraft weapons, 
mortars and small arms. In a firefight 
that lasted several hours, the peace- 
keepers destroyed a number of Somali 
vehicles mounted with heavy weap- 

The major said there were a number 
of Somali casualties, but he gave no 
precise figure Three of the wounded 
Indians were seriously hurt, he said. 

Although the area is controlled by 
General Aidid, Major McDonald said 
the identity of the Somali attackers 
was unknown. 

Also on Monday, U.S. military ve- 
hicles were fired on by Somali gunmen 
in southern Mogadishu, but no casual- 
ties were reported. 

The Americans returned fire, but 
nobody was wounded on either side. 
Major McDonald said. 

A handful of U.S. military advisers 
and about 50 Marine embassy guards 
remain in Somalia. A pullout of U.S. 
and roost other Western forces in the 
spring left India with the second-larg- 
est contingent among the approxi- 
mately 18,000 UN peacekeepers still 
in the country. 

The UN secretary-general, Butros 
Butros Ghali. recommended Friday 
that the United Nations immediately 
reduce its personnel in Somalia by 

Mr. Butros Ghali said the force 
should be reduced to 1 5,000 before the 
end of October or during November. 

U.S. forces were withdrawn from 
Somalia in March after suffering 
heavy casualties in combat with So- 
mali factions. 

The UN mission's mandate expires 
at the end of September. The United 
States, a permanent member of the 
Security Council is expected to press 
for a sharp reduction or a complete 
withdrawal of peacekeepers if a new 
government is not in place in Somalia 
by that time. 

(AP, Reuters, AFP) 


Car Bomb Kills 
Child in Baghdad 

NICOSIA (Reuters) — A car bomb 
exploded in Baghdad on Monday, killing 
a child and wounding 13 people, the offi- 
cial Iraqi press agency, IN A, reported. 

The report, monitored here, said the 
booby-trapped car blew up near the of- 
fices of the official newspaper, A1 Jiuu- 
huriya. The explosion badly damaged 
five houses and several vehicles, the re- 
port said. 

A car bomb in central Baghdad last 
year wounded five peopleL Iraqi officials 
at the time blamed Iranian agents. 





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Latest California Gold Rush — Vintage, Used Levis 

By Sallie Hofmeister 

New York Timet Stroke 

PASADENA, California — When the giant flea mar- 
ket outside the Rose Bowl opens at dawn, bargain 
hunters from Thailand and Japan are first on the field. 

Pockets bulging with wads of $100 bills and carting big 

empty suitcases strapped to luggage dollies, they load up 
^American artifacts like weathered leather jackets and 

rock-and-roll memorabilia. 

But the real quarry is used Levis, which can fetch as 
much as several thousand dollars overseas. 

As another generation of teenagers embraces Ameri- 
can, culture, secondhand jeans have become status sym- 
bols, A thriving underground economy has sprouted 
West of the Mississippi to. buy, wash and repair used 
Levis for itsale from Finland to Australia. 

No one knows how many pairs are bring shipped 
abroad. Precisely how much profit is made is also a 

mystery because dealers are pretema totally closed- 
mouthed about this cash business. 

What the dealers do say is that a vintage pair of jeans 
— like Levis from the 1950s or ’60s — can bring S3.000 or 
more abroad, although most of thejeans sell for less than 

It is a business almost as secretive as the drug trade, 
and nearly as splintered. But on the second Sunday of 
every month, nitride the Rose Bowl everyone who is 
anyone in this exclusive circle, grown to perhaps 100 
people from a handful a few years ago, shows up to buy 
ana sell used jeans by the bale and to bargain for the 
vintage pieces. 

Go a recent Sunday, Max Shapiro, a San Francisco 
dealer, was having what he called an uncharacteristically 
slow day. His biggest sale was a pair of Levis from the 
’60s that brought $150, meager compared with the 53.300 
he made on one sale another day. 

Nat and Lucky Wongchaiwat, a brother-sister team 
from Thailand, frequently hunt here. In their early 20s, 
they make a monthly pilgrimage for 10,000 pairs for their 
store in Bangkok. 

Japan is still the biggest customer for used jeans, 
although the boom has cooled. 

“They can buy jeans made in Hong Kong for $6 but 
would rather have 501s for $100,” said Val Marco, a Los 
Angeles dealer who left his job as a vice president at a 
Silicon Valley robotics company to sell jeans after re- 
peatedly getting offers for his Levis on business trips 

Dealers scour small towns and farm communities like 
Lubbock, Texas, and Cody, Wyoming, advertising in 
local papers ihat they will pay 50 cents to S15 a pair. On 
the appointed day they pull into town and do Business 

See JEANS, Page 4 

No. 34.674 

Mexicans Opt 
For Stability 
After a Year 
Of Upheaval 

Ruling Party Candidate 
Is Ahead, but Monitors 
Cite Some Irregularities 

By Tod Robberson 

Washington Past Service 

MEXICO CITY — Mexican voters de- 
clared dearly in results for the presidential 
election Monday that they wanted a rapid 
end to the most turbulent eight-month 
period the country has witnessed since its 
1910 revolution. 

With their selection of Ernesto Zedillo 
Ponce de Le6n, of the ruling Institutional 
Revolutionary Party, the Mexican elector- 
ate appears to have voted its preference for 
stability and continuity after a year that 
rattled the nation to its core. 

With 32 percent of the ballots counted, 
the federal Electoral Institute announced 
official results showing that Mr. Zedillo 
had easily beaten Diego Ferndndczde Ce- 
vallos of the conservative National Action 
Party. Mr. Zedillo had 47.8 percent of the 
vote’ and Mr. Femdndez was second with 
30.3 percent 

Some Mexican and foreign observers 
said irregularities, including scattered 
shortages of ballots, marred the Zedillo 

Civic Alliance, a coalition of 380 inde- 
pendent groups, complained of “serious 
irregularities’' in many polling places. 

But the results of Sunday’s election of- 
fered a telling glimpse of how Mexicans 
think of themselves as a nation. It is clearly 
a more confident and hopeful nation that 
has overcome its fear of the United States 
and the threat it once posed through the 
North American Free Trade Agreement 
Mexicans did not as many analysts pre- 
dicted, vote to reverse the trade agreement 
by ousting the regime that helped enact it 

While survey results show that Mexicans 
are looking toward a brighter future with 
hopes of greater job opportunities and 
higher incomes, they continue to feel the 
aftershocks of an armed peasant revolt in 
southern Chiapas state, the March 23 as- 
sassination of Mr. Zedillo's predecessor on 
the PRI ticket, stock market upheaval and 
the ever-present threat of a major currency 

A telling statistic came from an exit poll 
question asked of voters across the nation: 
Did you select your candidate choice be- 
cause you expect it to improve your per- 
sonal and family situation or because it 
will improve Mexico’s situation? Seventy 
percent said they had set aside personal 
concerns and voted for Mexico. 

At the same time, however, Mexicans 
sent a clear message that they were dissat- 
isfied with the ruling party and the ma- 
chine-style power it has wielded in the 
presidency for the past 65 years. Analysts 
said Sunday’s vote was less a mandate for 
the PRI than it was for the candidate and 
his chief sponsor, President Carlos Salinas 
dc Gortan. 

Although Mexicans remain skeptical of 
Mr. Salinas’s economic reforms and open- 
ing to the United States through the North 
American Free Trade Agreement, they 

See MEXICO, Page 4 

Moscow Agrees 
To Help Halt 
Nuclear Traffic 

New York Times Service 

MOSCOW — Russia and Germany 
agreed Monday to cooperate to prevent 
toe smuggling of nuclear materials, what- 
ever their origin, by tightening border con- 
trols and improving the exchange of infor- 
mation between their intelligence agencies, 
officials of both countries said. 

A series of seizures of bomb-grade nu- 
clear material in Germany, including a 
shipment of more than 300 grams (10.5 
ounces) of plutonium-239 on a Mosoow- 
Munich flight, prompted three days of 
talks here between Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl’s intelligence coordinator. Bernd 
Sdunidbauer, and senior Russian nuclear 
and security officials. 

The visit had political overtones, as well. 
For Mr. Kohl, who is coming up for re- 
election, it was important to be seen as 
doing something about the nuclear threat 
For the Russians, who reacted defensively 
to the smuggling reports, it was important 
that the meeting aid not pant a public 
finger at Russian security lapses or official 

For example, Sergei Stepashin, the di- 
rector of Russia’s Foreign Counterintelli- 
gence Service, the domestic side of the 
former KGB, said Monday. "We don’t 
have a clear answer to the question of 
where this plutonium comes from.” 

The Germains have said that some of the 
three seizures of material in the last four 
months originated in Russian military lab- 

But Mr. Schmid bauer said that the main 
point of the negotiations was not the origin 
of the material but ways to stop its smug- 
gling and trade. 

Mr. Schmidbauer also discussed several 
people involved in the Munich airport inri- 

See ACCORD, Page 4 

. 14 



Former Spies Deny 

Mitterrand Link to 

Plot to Kill Lawyer 

Complied by (hr Stiff From Dispatches 

PARIS — Two former spy 
masters denied Monday that 
President Francois Mitterrand 
had been implicated in a secret 
service plot in the 1980s to mur- 
der Jacques Verges, the lawyer 
for the captured terrorist Car- 

Yves Bonnet, who headed the 
counterintelligence agency 
DST from 1982 to 1985, called 
the alleged plot “the wildest 
fantasy.” His counterpart at the 
DGSE secret service at the 
time, Pierre Marion, denied any 
knowledge of a planned attack 
against Mr. Verges and dis- 
missed the report as ax-grind- 

The two men were reacting to 
weekend comments by Captain 
Paul Barril, the former head of 
an anti-terrorist unit, who said 
in an interview with a French 
television channel that Mr. 
Verges “was a priority target” 
in 1982 and 1983. 

“All the services were onto 
him because he was at the cen- 
ter of all terrorist contacts,” be 
said Sunday on TF1. 

Captain Barril said decisions 
about security matters had been 
made at the highest levels of 
government and that Mr. Mit- 
terrand and Prime Minister 
Pierre Mauroy “were aware” of 
what was going on. 

Mr. Mitterrand’s office de- 
clined to comment on the 
charges. It said Captain Barril 
had never worked at the presi- 

dential palace. 
Mr. Verefes. 

Mr. Verges, who has taken 

over the headlines from his 
guerrilla client since Carlos was 
seized in Sudan and taken to 
Paris last week, has accused Mr. 
Mitterrand of ordering him 
killed and has challenged the 
president to deny the allega- 

Mr. Verges said last week 
that Captain Barril told him in 
1991 that the killing had not 
been carried out because it 
would have been too conspicu- 

Mr. Verges was Captain Bar- 
riTs lawyer in a scandal in 
which his elite gendarmerie 
squad was found to have plant- 
ed false evidence in 1982 to in- 
criminate three Irishmen sus- 
pected of being Irish 
Republican Army guerrillas. 
The Irishmen were released. 
The case against Captain Barril 
was dropped. 

French newspapers have 
quoted reports from the former 
East German secret service, 
Stasi, alleging that Mr. Verges 
could have been a CIA agent 
and had supplied rockets fired 
at a French nuclear plant. 

The newspaper Lc Figaro 
said Monday that Stasi had 
linked Mr. Verges with the Cen- 
tral Intelligence Agency during 
his defense of the late former 
Nazi officer Klaus Barbie, who 
was jailed for life in France for 
Crimes against h umani ty. 

Mr. Verges has denied other 
such accusations and has de- 
nounced what he called a “Stasi 
disinformation campaign.” 

(AFP. Reuters) 


Serbia Rejects UN Border Observers 

BELGRADE(AFP)— President Slobodan 

rejected on Monday UN 

Sorbian-Bo 5 man border as away to cfaedt up o^Ildgiade aptedge 

: -.l n W iwertffiF A MSCC PUiL 

Yugoslavia, said Mr. Milosevic had told him that JtePjjW 
ofcservoswould violate Sobia’s national sovereignly. Mr, Akashi 
said he was not optimistic on the peace process. 

said Au& 4 tat it was dosing its tato 

with Bosnia. Belgrade had been a key source of support for the 

Bosnian Serbs. 

44 Killed in Plane Crash in Morocco 

. 3RABAT, Morocco (AP)— A R^al^WtoocMssm^^lane 

crashed shortly after takeoff, JaBmg all 44 peqj^e aboard* the 
airline said. . ' * * av , ’ 

The aircraft was on a ffight from dtesou^OTat^o^^^rto 

lOras%t immediately known what 

a Kuwaiti prince identified as Ali al 
Mahmoud al Jaber as Sabah, 38, the brother of Kuwait’s defense 
minister, the airline said. 

. « * & 

Mktad Urin/hns 

A worker patting op a Free Democratic campaign poster Monday in Bonn. It shows the party leader, Klaus KmkeL 

Craxi Denies He Faces Amputation 

ROME (Reuters) -- Former Prime Minister Bettino Craxi, who 
says bad health is preventing him from^remx^ 
corruption charges, on Monday denied a report that he risked 
having a foot amputated. 

Me: Craxi, 60, was recently absentia toj 8%yearsm 
prison for fraud. He has been in virtual exile at hu Tvxnaaa 

Kohl’s Party Pledges to Limit State Spending 


BONN — The leadership of Chancel- 
lor Helmut Kohl’s Christian Democrats 
on Monday agreed on an election mani- 
festo that includes a commitment to limit 
state spending and cut social security 

The party general secretary. Peter 
Hintze, said that the final version of the 
manifesto, intended to form the basis of 
Mr. Kohl’s campaign for general elec- 
tions on Oct 16. was largely identical to 
a draft already circulating in Bonn. 

The opposition Social Democrats 
quickly accused the Christian Democrat- 
ic Union of victimizing the poor and 
covering up plans for tax increases. 

insist that any spending increases be bal- 
anced by cuts elsewhere in the budget. 

A central theme of the manifesto is the 
huge state debt and budget deficit that 
Germany has ran up through sp ending 
to help the struggling East German econ- 
omy since reunification in 1990. 

The draft said that the Christian Dem- 
ocratic Union and its sister party in Ba- 
varia, the Christian Social Union, would 

“Annual growth in state spending 
must remain dearly below the levd of 
economic growth, so Chat room is created 
to cat new public-sector borrowing and 
reduce the tax burden,” it said. 

nonaay nomc ior several muu u n s — — — — 

to travel His physician. Dr. Luigi Colombo, was quoted as tdling 
the weekly magazine Europeo that the former Socialist leader was 
vnfffrmg from an abnormal growth unde r his l eft foot that could 
develop into gangrene and might lead to amputation. 

“If Euiopco had been professional enough to check they would 
have found that the senous foot infection- that was causing me 

problems has been cured and is in flxe process of healing up, Mr. 

Crain said in a statement. ■ 

Strike Brings Lesotho Capital to Halt 

i i * cedi T tMnriwi — T Mdthn's rarriml was at 

The Christian Democratic Union has 
pledged to levy an across-tho-board in- 
come tax surcharge of 7.5 percent start- 
ing in 1995 to Mp finance German uni- 

MASERU, Lesotho (Reuters) — Lesotho’s 
standstill Monday as tens of thousands of people 

' .MU 1 

was at a 
da strike 

Dutch Coalition Takes Office Pledging Budget Cuts 

The Associated Press 

THE HAGUE — Queen Beatrix swore in a union 
leader-turned-politician as p rime minister Monday in 
a new government incorporating left and right to 
tackle growing economic and social problems. 

The Labor Party leader, Wim Kok. has hitched his 
party’s wagon to those of the free market Liberals and 
left-leaning Democrats 66 in an unlikely coalition that 
has promised more jobs but also more cuts in the 
generous state welfare system. 

The ceremony at the Hui$ ten Bosch Palace here 
pm rkeri the b eginning of an unaccustomed spell in 
opposition for the Christian Democrats, part of every 
Netherlands ruling coalition since the 1917 introduc- 
tion of universal suffrage. 

The Christian Democrats' record ballot-box defeat 

A policy blueprint drawn up by Mr. Kok and 

already approved by his new cabinet pledges spending 
cuts of 18 billion guilders ($10.5 billion! over the 

cats of 18 billion guilders ($10.5 billion) over the 
coming four years, with about half that figure coming 
from the once- sacrosanct social security system. 

Administration of the country's sickness benefits 
will be privatized, and child-support payments and 
old-age pensions will be cut. 

The coalition will free industry of part of its heavy 
tax burden in a bid to stimulate job creation in this 
nation of 15 million. 

Once head of the Federation of Trade Unions. Mr. 
Kok became the first Labor prime minister sworn in 
since Joop den UyL, who led a five-party coalition from 
1973 to 1977. 

Mr. Kok warmed up for his new job as deputy prime 
minister and finance minister in the last cabinet, a 
Christian Democrat-Labor coalition led by the outgo- 

Neo- Nazism 
Said to Grow 

Arcunisnqp ucsmoBa-m, iuw w jwuui 
met the king ami government ministers herein a bid to resolve the 
latest crjqg in the landlocked mountain kingdom. 

Lesotho security forces last week shot and Iflled^fivejieople. 

tlK^l 6- month-old government, the first 'to ^"democratically 
ejected in the k ingd om m two decades: The United States sus- 
pended aid to Lesotho on Sunday . 

In Germany 

Manila Women Protest Japan Visit 

ingprime minister, Ruud Lubbers. 
The new cabinet was sworn in m> 

in May — losing 20 seats in the 150-seat Parliament — 
cost the party a coalition berth and its leader, Eico 
Brinkman, his post- 

Mr. Kok hopes his 14- mini ster cabinet will send a 
total of 350,000 jobless back to work in the public and 
private sectors during its four-year tenn. 

His fiscal austerity program also aims at bringing 
the Dutch budget deficit down to 2.9 percent of the 
gross domestic product by 1998. 

The deficit is expected to rise to 4J percent of GDP 
by the end of this year. 

The new cabinet was sworn in more than 100 days 
after the May national elections, which left no two 
parties with enough seats for a majority coalition. 

Few members are politically prominent. There are 
only two survivors from the Lubbers cabinet — Mr. 
Kok and Jan Pronk of Labor, who remains develop- 
ment aid minis ter. 

The D66 leader. Hans van Mierlo, is the new foreign 
minister and one of two new deputies to Mr. Kok 
along with Interior Minis ter flans Dijkstal a Liberal 
Labor holds five ministerial seats, as do the Liberals, 
with D66 filling the last four. 

Palestinians Fear Authoritarian Trend of Leaders 

By Caiyle Murphy 

Washington Past Semce 

JERUSALEM — Two inci- 
dents have sparked fresh con- 
cerns among Palestinians about 
their new self-rule govern- 
ment’s c ommitm ent to demo- 
cratic procedures and to toler- 
ating internal dissent 
In one incident, Saleh 
Shaaer, 15, was shot dead and 
another Gazan youth was 
wounded during a scuffle with 
the Palestinian security police 

in the newly autonomous area 
of Gaza. 

Mr. Shaaer is the second Pal- 
estinian killed by the police 
since Palestinian sdf-rule began 
in Gaza and Jericho in May. 

In the second, a Palestinian 
human rights group here de- 
manded an investigation into 
“terror tactics and death 
threats” allegedly made against 
Maba Nasser, a long-time activ- 
ist, after rite opposed having a 
minister from the new Pales tw- 

On September 21 st, the I NT will publish the first in a 
two-part series cf Special Reports on 


and Development 

Among the topics to be covered are: 

ian National Authority preside 
at a women’s conference set for 
this week in Jerusalem. 

Mrs. Nasser, 40, said in tele- 
phone interview from her home 
in Ramallah. north of Jerusa- 
lem, that she had received an 
anonymous call last week from 
someone who threatened to 
“smash” her and harm her chil- 
dren unless she reversed her po- 
sition within 48 hours. Later, a 
sheet with a red stain was pul 
on her doorstep, she said. 

The incidents raised new 
fears among Palestinians that 
Palestine liberation Organiza- 
tion officials who have come to 
rule them after a long exile in 
Arab states with little tradition 
of dissent or official account- 
ability will seek to impose simi- 
lar authoritarian patterns here. 

Although Yasser Arafat, the 
PLO chairman and the head of 

the national authority, prom- 
ised self-rule would mean “de- 
mocracy, democracy, democra- 
cy,” his security forces have 
already forced Al Nahar, a Je- 
rusalem-based Palestinian 
newspaper, to close down. 

Shortly afterwards, a promi- 
nent Palestinian journalist, 
Daoud Kuttab, was told he 
could no longer have his byline 
in the pro-Arafat newspaper, Al 
Quds. The move was widely 
seen by Palestinians as a result 
of pressure from Mr. Arafat af- 
ter Mr. Kuttab and other Pales- 
tinian journalists criticized the 
closure of Al Nahar. 

“This kind of authority is 
leading toward totalitarianism 
and authoritarianism,” said 
Riad Mallei, a Palestinian aca- 
demic who has long criticized 
the PLO for being undemocrat- 
ic. “Democracy is something 

they lack and refuse to accept.” 

The Palestine Human Rights 
Information Center, mean- 
while, criticized the threats 
against Mrs. Nasser in an open 
letter to two national authority 
ministers. “Political violence in 
any manifestation cannot be 
tolerated, particularly by an au- 
thority which is in the process 
of establishing democratic pro- 
cess,” the Jerusalem-based 
group said. 

Mis. Nasser is on the execu- 
tive committee of the General 
Union of Palestinian Women, a 
PLO-affiliated organization 
whose members come from the 
various factions that male* up 
the PLO. She is affiliated wim 
the Popular Front for the Liber- 
ation of Palestine, a faction that 
is critical of the sdf-rule ar- 
rangement reached by Mr. Ara- 
fat and the Israelis. 


BONN —The leader of the 
Jewish community in Germany 
warned Monday that neo-Nazi 
ideology, once largely confined 
to violence-prone gangs, had 
begun spreading among intel- 

Ignnt7 Bub IS, chairman of the 
Central Council of Jews in Ger- 
many, said the new circles of 
far-nght thinkers were more 
danger ous than skinheads and 
other thugs who have attacked 
foreigners and others since Ger- 
man unification in 1990. . 

“The state will be able to 
cope with the violence, but the 
intellectuals supply the ideolo- 
gy that hires young people and 
makes them into violent crimi- 
nals,” Mr. Bubis told German 

MANILA (Reuters) — Dozens of former _F2ipino “comfort 
women,” some in tears and others screaming with anger, demand-. 
ed $200,000 each in compensation from Japan on Monday, the eve- 
of a visit by Prime Munster Tomijdii Murayama. . ! 

The women, in & rally outside the Japanese Embassy in Ma-- 
nfla’ s Makati financial district, rqected a reported plan by Japan" 

for atrocities tty its soldiers during World War n. ; 

Mr. Murayama arrives in .Mazda op Tuesday for a three-day | 
visit as part of a four-nation tour of Asia.' The welcome he will* 
receive m Manila will be mixed with, requests from officials for; 
more economic assistance and demands for money from women, 
forced into prostitution by by Japanese soldiers during the war. ; 


- Because of an editing error, a Bloomberg Business News dis- 1 
patch in- Saturday’s Business and Finance section- incorrectly! 
described the real estate outlook in Hong Kong The article should • 
have stated that Morgan Stanley Asia predicted that office rents 
would fall by 20 peroenLover the next three years. 

Mr. Bubis said many of the 
new far-right ideologists be- 
lieved they were preventing rac- 
ist violence by adopting neo- 
Nazi slogans as a. way of 
drawing militants off die streets 
and into the political process. 

But he praised what he saw as 
the refusal of many Germans to 


British Rail Workers in 11th Strike 

S t radicalism, pointing to a 
: outcry this month when 

public outcry this month when 
a court showed understanding 
for a convicted far-right leader. 
Gfinter Deckert. 

The court in the southwest- 
ern city of Mannheim gave Mr. 
Deckert a suspended one-year 
sentence for denying that the 
Holocaust — the Nazi attempt 
to annihilate Europe’s Jews — 
had ever happened The prose- 
cutors had demanded a two- 

cutors had 
year tom. 

LONDON (Reuters) — British railroad signal workers walked 
out Monday in their 11th brief strike since eaiiy June, forcing- 
commuters to find other ways to get to work and go home. British. 
Rail said it would operate up to 40 percent erf its services during 
the 24-boor strike, which began at noon. 

Rafltradc, a separate company formed in April to operate the 
trades and signals under a program to break up the national- 
railroad system, said signalers were drifting back to work. “As the' 
days go tty, more and more signaling staff have shown that they 
don’t agree,” Rail track said in a statement. 

Slovakia and Israel signed an agreement to open communica- 
tion links between airports and transport authorities. (Reuters)'. 

A 23-year-old Danish tmuist contracted cholera while on vaca- 
tion in western Turkey, the Danish Serology Institute reported. It 
said a German also came down with cholera there. (AFP) 
Greeks battled fires on die Wands erf Samos and Poros for a 
second day, while another fire broke out in the Arcadia area. (AP) m 
Iraq is stopping al arriving travelers, including Iraqis, at its- 

borders and testing them for the virus that causes AIDsT (AP) 

The link between infrastructure projects and living 
standards in Asia. 

China's Three Gorges dam. the woriefs largest 
hydropower project 
The $20 billion Hong Kong airport 
Power plants, road building and other 
projects in Indonesia. 



Aviation Safety vs. National Culture? Boeing Takes a Flyer 

j -£■ ite." j 

f -* ~>v / 

An extra 1,000 copies of the supplement 
wS be dstrixjted in Jakarta on October 17th 
at the Worttf Infrastructure Forum ’Asia 1994, 
to which the IHT has been appointed 
the Official Publication. 

For further kifonnation. please contact B8T Mahder in Paris 
at (33-1) 46 37 93 78, fax: (33-1) 46 37 SO 44. 


By Don Phillips 

Washington Post Serna 

world’s cultural and regional differ- 
ences play a role in aviation safety? 

The Boeing Commercial Airplane 
Group, with some trepidation, bas 
raised that question in an update of 
its authoritative 10-year survey of 
aviation safety. 

While offering no final answer, the 
world's largest airplane manufactur- 
er says initial data suggest the possi- 
bility and demand deeper study. 

“We’re not saying there’s anything 

there, but we think there’s something 
there,” said Paul D. Russell, chief 
engineer for airplane safety engineer- 
ing. “We ought to study iL We think 
culture may be a player.” 

The question is sensitive, because 
it inevitably raises the issue of race, 
and because Boeing runs the risk of 
inadvertently insulting some of its 
customers. But the initial survey of 
cultural differences and accident 
rates offers some surprises. 

Boeing relied an a “cultural index” 
produced by Geert H. Hofstede. an 
anthropologist at the Institute of In- 
ternational Culture in the Nether- 

lands. Mr. Hofstede has rated most 
countries an four factors: 

• Masculinity, or need for “osten- 
tatious manliness.” 

• “Uncertainty avoidance (be 
extent to which cultures are threat- 
ened by the unknown. 

• Individualism. 

avoidance seemed to have almost no 
relevance to accident rates. Bat there 
was a dear correlation between acci- 
dent rates and the other two factors. 
Countries with ahighrate of individ- 
ualism had low accident rates, while 

countries where people in lower posi- 
tions tend to defer more to superiors 

• “Power distance,” or how much 
influence a person has over another 
who is seen as less powerfuL 
Boring then compared each factor 
with each country’s accident rate per 
million departures. 

Masculinity and uncertainty 

tions tern! to defer more to superiors 
had higher accident rates. 
Countries with both low individ- 

ualism and a large “power distance” 
index appear to have .accident rates 

index appear to have accident rates 
2.6 times greater than those at the 
other end of the state. 

The lowest accident rates were in 
the United States, Australia, Britain, 

Canada, New Zealand and most 
West European countries. In the 
middle were Japan, India, Argentina, 
Brazil, Iran, Greece, Turkey and a 
few other countries. At the top, with 
the worst rates were most Latin 
American countries — including 
Panama, Colombia and Venezuela — ' 
and Asian countries such as Korea, 
China, Pakistan and Thailand. 

“We’re not handing this up as the 
Holy Grafl,” said a Boeing spokes- 
nxan, stressing that the company was 
retying on someone rise’s research, 
ami that nnmefcous ptfcer factors have 
a bearing on aviation safety. 

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Late Push for Crime Bui Foiled Rifle Group 


u ^Uife 

; i \ 

* " T 

. i i. 

By Aim Devroy' 


before midnigh t Saturday, Pres- > 
ident BillQinton and Ins senior 
aides, lobbying frantKatty for 
the crime raR from the White 
House, were ' beginning to fear 
that nine days of straggling to 
rescue the bill ^wc&dfia&ppear 
into a hole that the gun lobby 
had helped dig. - 
It was not that the Nafiosftl 
Rifle Association and its allies 
had added any, , more votes 
against gnu control. As Repre- 
sentative Jack Brooks, a Texas 
Democrat, said on the floor 
Sunday, “The people who hate' 
guns are in the.iftajdrily' 

the sea of troubles that has 
jva&hcdT over fife presidency this 

had bom a major twojjronged 
Kifle As- 

snmme r. . 

Admimstratipn officials, 
tired but relieved, said the 
House success- did not guaran- 
tee a Seriate success, and pas- 
sage of . al come >31 may mean 
little to the debatcover the far 
hzger issue irf Kealfli care re- 
fonn. - 

. . Mr.Clipt^nsaid he had been 
trader “great pressure” to drop 
the ban "on assault weapons. 



It was that' the pppbnchlsaf 
gun control had put together an 
alternative crime ball — can- 

ons, no death penally ant 
crime-prevention mon< 
that again gave 
Mr. dm ton’s new friends, '40 to 
50 conservative Democrats and 
perhaps even some members of 
the Congressional Blade . Cau- 
cus a reason to' vote hgainst 

Him . 

Congress would still get a 
crime package to present to vot- 
ers, and one they could call & 
leaner, meaner scaled-back ver- 
sion at that-For about 24 hours, 
the perfect roUticsofit sent 
waves of fear through a White 
House already burned by its un- 
expected setback on crimeTegis- 
latioa Aug. 11. 

By Sunday evening, the effort 
had collapsed under a strong 
assault by the president. Ids top 
aides and the Demoaatkrlead^ 
ership, combined with a major 
boost from Republicans. The 
comeback victory keeps Mr/ 
Clinton’s head above water in. 

and . Ms aides said that in this 
figbt he should be given credit 
for refu sing to .back down de- 
spite argomcnts 'that to do so 
would ensure an easier victory. 
This latest. sfroggle is proof, if 
not of presidential' power, at 
least ^^esidesntial conviction, 

■ According to. administration 
officials, the jspeaker of the 
House,' Thomas,: of 

Washington^, and the majority 
leader, Richard A. Gephardt of 
Missouri, tried in the days im- 
mediately after the Aug. 11 vote 
hkgftmg the anginal crime bill 
to get Mr. Clintoin to drop the 
rgim Inn for political reasons. 

A senior offidalsaid, “We 
really had only two choices to 
win this thing: tike the assault 
weapon ban out and pick up the 
conservative Democrats and a 
few Republicans, or try to nego- 
tiate with the Republicans, hop- 
ing after they , got some of the 
money changed, we could get 
eaoujeh of 'them, maybe 30 oi 
40, who wanted a crime bill tc 
get it through.” 

Mr. Clinton went with the 

effort by the National i 
sodation against the original 
bill. First, the association used 
its traditional special-interest 
tool of campaign contributions 
and threats. Second, its consul- 
tants, pollsters and congressio- 
nal backers helped to construct 
and heavily promote not a pro- 
gun argument but an anti-park 

In a matter of days, the argu- 
ment that the measure was 
stuffed with liberal social the- 
ory and massive pork took hold 
so strongly that 225 members of 
Congress felt free to block a 
crime bill only three months be- 
fore an ejection, shocking the 
White House and plunging, it 
into another one of the cuff- 
hanger battles that have come 
to characterize this presidency. 

The threat was great enough, 
said the White House chief of 
staff, Leon E. Panetta, that 
Democratic House leaders con- 
cluded Saturday night that Mr. 
Clinton would lose unless the 
vote were put off another day so 
a stronger case could be made 
against the alternative: 

Those horns, Mr. Panetta 
said, gave the White House time 
to “pick away at the weakness- 
es” <rf the alternative by point- 
ing out elements that Republi- 
cans wanted that would be lost 
in the alternative. 

“I think in the end, the rea- 
son the Republicans stayed 
with it is, number one, the as- 
sault weapons ban many of 
them wanted would be lost and, 
number two, they would be hurt 
back home with no crime bill at 
all,” he said. 

In the end, administration of- 
ficials and congressional Dem- 
ocrats said, the desire to have a 
crime package over and done 
with kept the coalition together. 

Shayu Brenaan'Thc AwriaKrf Prev. 

Leon Panetta, left, a Clinton aide, celebrating with Representative Jack Brooks of Texas. 

CRIME: Struggle Over Measure Moves to die Senate 

Continued from PSge 1 

of Delaware, accused Senate 
Republicans of bong “obstruc- 
tionists" and predicted that po- 
litical momentum and public 
opinion would produce the nec- 
essary 60 votes to force a final 
vote and send the crime bill to 
Mr. Clinton for Ms signature. 

The legislation, which would 
be the first major crime bill en- 
acted in six years, would allo- 
cate $30 billion over six years 
from a new trust fund to hire 
100,000 local police officers, 
build state prisons and launch 
crime-prevention efforts. 

Besides the ban on assault 

Away From Politics 

• Two fires rowed uncontrolled and partially 
enf ought through northwestern Montana. 
The worst blaze covered 12,000 acres (4,850 
hectares) in Flathead National Forest Else- 
where in the West, more than 18,700 fire 
fighters were battling 30 major fires in Idaho, 
Montana, Utah, Oregon, Washington and 

fence; The police caught the other four within 
hours of the breakout 

•A car packed with passengers ran into an- 

other vehicle on a highway in Washington, 
11 people. The at 

• Hefle opters sw a rm e d over Detroit neighbor- 
hoods, searching for 6 of 10 inmates who 
escaped from a prison after men on the out- 
ride threw a gun 7 arid, vtiro-cuttcas aver the 

killing 'll people. The accident occurred 
about two miles (three kilometers) north of 
Wenatchee in the central part of the state. 
•A stuntman was in critical condition after 
falling 25 feet (7.6 meters) from a water tower 
during a mock gunfight at a theme park in 
Buena Park, Cafifomia. Jay Mead, 29, was 
supposed.#) fall onto a safelanding area, but 
-missed his mark and hit the ground. ~ap 

New Weapons 
May Get Ax 
In Pentagon 

Fired NAACP Leader Assails Board 

By John Mmtz 

Washington Pat Service 

Pentagon leadership has or- 
dered the military services to 
plan for possible cancellation or 
delay of nearly every large new 
weapons system in the planning 
optnent stages. 


By Edward . Walsh 

Washingt o n Post Service ' 

BALTIMORE — The de-. 
posed executive director of the 
NAACP, Beqamm F. Chavis 
Jr., is portr a y in g himself as the 
victim of a “crucifixion” and 
has vowed to continue to wqdt 
“in the struggle of Afri ca n - 
American people far justice, 
freedom, and self -determina- 

Less than 24 hours after the 
board of the National Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of 
Colored People voted over- 
whelmingly to dismiss Mm, Mr. 
Chavis convened a second 

“summit conference'' of Afri- 
can- Americanleaders in Balti- 
more, where more than 50 of his 
allies voiced their support, for 
him and assailed the board. 

With the Nation of Islam 
leader, Loms Fanukhan, at his 
side, Mr. Chavis recalled that 
bis selection as executive direc- 
tor .last year “took place on 
Good Friday." 

“New there has been a cruci- 
fixion,” he said. “But today we 
celebrate the r es ur rection.” 

Board membere who voted to 
fire Mr. Chavis cited the 
NAACFs growing debt, now 
about S3 million, and a secret 

agreement that Mr. Chavis en- 
gineered last year in which he 
committed up to $332,400 in 
association funds to settle a sex 
discrimination complaint 
against him by a former em- 
ployee, Mary E. StanseL Dis- 
closure of the settlement last 
month set in motion the forces 
that toppled Mr. Chavis on Sat- 
urday night 

“I think people who wore 
quite angered by this wiU get 
over it and see we had no 
choice,” William B. Cook, a 
board member from WasM 
ton, said. “We had to save 

In a memorandum Thursday, 
Deputy Defense Secretary John 
M. Deutcb asked the army, 
navy and air force to draw up 
specific alternatives for major 
weapons. The savings would 
pay for “improvements in other 

Mr. Deutch’s memo alarmed 
the military services and con- 

The memo, obtained by The 
Washington Post, was intended 
by Mr. Deutch to be "a huge 
wake-up call” to the services 
that they will have to delay or 
eliminate hardware programs 
or face deep cuts in otner areas, 
a Pentagon official said. 

Mr. Deutch is “telling people 
to take notice because we have 
very tough decisions coming," 
the official said. 


;apore’s Rules for Teens 

Don 9 t Call Dad by IBsFirstlShm^ Don^t Follow the West 

7 Tie Associated Press 

SINGAPORE — Using an 
American teenager who was 
caned here as an example. 
Prime Minister Goh GbokTohg 
says that Singapore society 
would be in danger if traiefibon- 
al family and moral values de- 
cline as they have in the West 
Among other things, he 
urged local children to refr a i n 
from their fathers by 

their first names. ‘ 

the family very much the pillar 
of their societies.” 

“Many American children 
call their fathers by then- first 
names and treat them with car 
sual familiarity,” he continued. 

“We must not unthinkingly 
drift into attitudes and manners 
which undermine the tradition- 
al politeness' and deference 
Asian children have for their 
parents and elders,” he said. 

Mr. Goh added that the in- 

In an annual speech that usu- rbilg^n t upbringing of children 
ally sets the agenda for this ^ America had tin 

strictly nm island, Mr. Goh 
warned Sunday - that over-in- 

compassion erodes ft 

“Societies can go wrong 
quickly” he said. “ILS. and 
British societies have changed 
profoundly in the last 30 years. 
Up to the early ’60s, they were 
disciplined, conservative, with 

brought sorry 


He used the teenager Michael 
Fay as an exanmfe. The youth 
received four lashes erf a rattan 
cane and spent 83 days in a 
Singapore prison after he and 
other foreign youths were ac- 
cused of vandalizing cars and 
other mischief in a 10-day spree 
last September. 

. “Michael F&y, back in Amer- 

ica, got drunk and, when his 
father protested, he tackled the 
father and wrestled him to the 
ground,” he said, referring to 
recent reports from Ohio of a 
scuffle between Mr. Fay, 19, 
and his father, which was front- 
page news in Singapore. 

“I cannot t magma a Chinese 
son, or any other Asian son, 
physically tackling his father. 
But that may happen when sons 
call their fathers by their first 
names and treat them as 
equals,” Mr. Goh said. 

With the support of Defense 
Secretary William J. Petty, Mr. 
Deutch is searching for budget 
cuts because of costly opera- 
tions like Somalia, Haiti and 
now Cuba. 

Last month, the General Ac- 
counting Office said the De- 
fense Department had underes- 
timated costs and exaggerated 
savings, and would therefore 
find itself $150 billion short 
over the next five years. 



Died peacefully 
. tong illness 

after a 

in Geneva 
on lRlii August, 1994. 
Private funeral. 

Simpson Blood Found Similar 
To Sample From Murder Site 

TkeA&soooted Press 

Simpson's Wood, has the same 
genetic makeup as blood found 
at the site where Hs fonnerwife- 
and her friend were slam, ac- 
cording to sophisticated DNA 
test results made public Mon- 

- The results of the tests at a 
Maryland laboratory were con- 
tained in court papers filed by 
r who. are hoping to 
Mr. Shnpsce to. the kfil- 

uring scientific evidence. 
_ vo samples from a blood 
trail leading away from the 
murder scene showed a match 
with Mr. Sampson's blood, ac- 
cording to results of a group of 
tests called PCR. 

One of those samples also un- . 
derwent a more sophisticated I 
DNA test, called RFLP, and 
the results showed that the | 
banding pattern of that blood 
matched Mr. Simpson's, ac- 
cording to the court papers. 




• Monday 

tntemattonaiConfemces and Seminars 


Education Directory 


International RecniitTnerrt 


Estate Moi<etplxe,HoHdays and Tmvet 


Arts and Antiques 

Plus over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 

For further information, contact Philip Oma in Paris: 

_ . — — — ,M A\ 

-nr mrmtst hhuimioumm. 

Tbl: (33-1) 46 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 



weapons, the bill's provisions 
would vastly expand the federal 
death penalty and impose life 
imprisonment on repeal violent 

With Democrats hoping that 
the politically appealing bill 
would finally pull the crime is- 
sue away from Republicans, 
this falTs elections provided a 
partisan backdrop for an emo- 
tional floor debate about the 
nation's greatest public concern 
at the moment. The random- 
ness and viciousness of sensa- 
tional crimes have raised anxi- 
eties about violence 

Representative Cynthia Mc- 
Kinney, Democrat of Georgia, 
a member of the Congressional 
Blade Caucus member who sup- 
ported the bill despite the cut 
made in crime prevention, said 
the compromise ‘‘contains an 
mince of prevention, a pound of 
punishment and a ton of poli- 

One last-minute amendment 
would protect current owners 
of large-capacity gun clips, 
which do not bear serial num- 
bers, from malicious prosecu- 
tions. The authorities would 
have to prove that the dips had 

been acquired after the ban 
went into effecL 

The amendment was drafted 
by Representative John D. Din- 
geU, Democrat of Michigan, 
who guided the change into Lhe 
bill on behalf of the National 
Rifle Association. 

Just before he voted for the 
bill however, Mr. DingeH an- 
nounced his resignation from 
the rifle assodation's board, 
saying, “I find the conflict be- 
tween my duties as a member of 
Congress and my duties as a 
board member of the National 
Rifle Association irreconcil- 

Representative Jack Brooks, 
Democrat of Texas, another op- 
ponent of gun control had 
made insistent efforts to win 
concessions from Democratic 
leaders, who rejected several 
proposed amendments to soft- 
en the effect of the assault- 
weapon ban. 

In the end, it was he who 
conceded. “I have spent hours 
and horns, days ana days, try- 
ing to get an amendment to the 
assault weapons bill” he said. 
“First, I tried to kill it I have 
been very unsuccessful” 


Partisan Fears Open Wounds in House 

WASHINGTON — Rarely has the House of Representa- 
tives been more ready for a recess. Capitol Hill has become an 
edgy, unhappy place in recent weeks, and the reasons run 
deeper than the grueling fight over the crime bill, the long 
delay of the August break or the immensity of »hc health-care 

Many lawmakers say it has simply become one of the most 
partisan sessions they can remember. Yes. there are moments 
of bipartisan cooperation, such as the hunt of the ‘'main- 
stream coalition" for a health-care compromise in the Senate, 
or the moderate Republicans' efforts in the House on the deal 
for a crime bill. Bui those moments stand out. in pari, 
because of their rarity. 

More typical is the bipartisan wariness, the suspicions of 
bad faith, even the open animus. Representative Newt Ging- 
rich of Georgia, the Republican whip in the House, inveighed 
in an interview last week about “left-wing ideologues" in the 
White House working with “a bunch of machine politicians'* 
in Congress, trying “ro run over the rest of the country." 

Two-and-a-half months before the midterm elections. Re- 
publicans sense vast opportunities to pick up seats in Con- 
gress, particularly in the House, while Democrats see signifi- 
cant danger. 

Many Democrats seethed when Representative Dick Ar- 
mey of Texas, the head of the Republican conference, told 
them during a recent debate over the crime bill “Your 
president is just not that important to us." 

There are deeper trends behind the partisanship in the 
House, which are related to 40 straight years of Democratic 
control. Of the 178 Republicans now in the House, not one 
has ever served in the majority; 1 3 of them were not even bom 
in 1952. when the Republicans last won a majority. This near- 
permanent minority status has led. perhaps inevitably, to the 
ascendancy of a far more aggressive, far more confrontation- 
al kind of Republican leader. 

In other words, to Newt Gingrich. 

Mr. Gingrich has much to do with the climate on Capitol 
Hill these days. He articulates the frustrations of House 
Republicans, who assert that the Democrats systematically 
use their control of the rules to deny Republicans any 
meaningful role in shaping or debating legislation. And he 
profoundly annoys the Democrats. 

“Newt Gingrich has made the House a much more parti- 
san place.” said Representative Charles E. Schunier. Demo- 
crat of New York. “The higher he gets in the power structure, 
the more partisan it becomes." IN )T> 

Mrs. Clinton Leads Husband in Popularity 

NEW YORK — Hillary Rodham Clinton remains popular 
among Americans despite her central role in the contentious 
issue of health-care reform, according to a survey, which 
found that Mrs. Clinton enjoyed a 56 percent positive rating, 
far higher than the president's 40 percent approval rating. 

Forty-one percent said they believed that she had too much 
power, while just 3 percent said she had too little. A majority 
said she had "about the right amount" of power. The poll 
was conducted between July 25 and 28 of 1.249 adults. It has 
a statistical margin of error of plus or minus three percentage 
points. ( Reuters) 

Quote/ Unquote 

Representative Susan Molinari, Republican of New York, 
on the bipartisan coalition that saved President Bill Clinton 
from defeat on the crime bill: “It only happens when the 
Democrats need us. It may send the Democratic Party a 
signal that they' can save themselves a lot of heartache and 
embarrassment if they do it this way.” (NYT) 


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plus satellite coverage that spans the globe, 
CNN sets the standard for immediate, credible 
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4,000 Refugees Cross 
Into Zaire but More 
Are Stuck at Border 

By Keith Richbuig 

Washington Post Service 

BUKAVU, Zaire — About 

4.000 Rwandan Hutu refugees 
moved into Zaire on Monday 
after long delays and confusion 
at a border crossing point, but 
tens of thousands more re* 
mained in Rwanda, unable to 
flee because the United Nations 
could not find enough trucks to 
transport them to camps. 

The border crossing, a bridge 
over Ruzizi River, opened at 
dawn but Zairian troops dosed 
it four hours later after about 

3.000 Rwandans had crossed. 

Most of the refugees crossed 

on foot, and some moved im- 
mediately to set up their tents in 
the town center, apparently in 
violation of an agreement be- 
tween Zairian authorities and 
the UN High Commissioner for 

Zaire reopened the bridge for 
a few hours in the late after- 
noon, to allow for a further, 
smaller exodus before nightfall. 
The United Nations agreed that 
any more Rwandans coming 
across into Zaire would be load- 
ed onto trucks immediately at 

to 10 days to move all of the 
refugees trying to flee Rwanda. 

Meanwhile, the United Na- 
tions was having difficulties ax a 
new site, called Hongo, where 
the refugees are supposed to be 
housed. Zairians living around 
the site, about a half-hour drive 
from the border, asserted that 
the land had been taken illegal- 
ly and that the United Nations 
had no right to settle refugees 

On Monday, Zairian* sur- 
rounded and harassed UN offi- 
cials taking the first group of 
refugees to the site, but mere 
was no violence. UN officials 
have said the land was leased 
from a private owner, and Mr. 
Janowsld said the governor of 
South Kivu Province had prom- 
ised to provide added security 
at the site. 

The Zaiiians want to keep 
the refugees out of Bukavu, 
which is already clogged with 
more than 100,000 Rwandan 

■ Report on Rwanda Justice 

President Pasteur Bizmumgu 
of Rwanda said Monday that 


Ui* - 'V “'A 

Mwn HitmyRcBMa 

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Sadako Ogata, and Prime Minister Tomfidrf 
Murayama in Tokyo on Monday. Mrs. Ogata asked Japan to send personnel to Rwanda. 

cu umu uucuiimuaaiiKy ai Q f Rwanda said Monday that lUT?VTrA . „ . .. Tr ~ n 

the fool of the bndge andmken ^ mem bers of the Rwandan MiwkUj After ChoOtlC YeOT 9 VotCTS Opt for StobwtY 
directly to designated refugee Patriotic Front had been cxe- J * r J J 

campsites. cured and 60 others were await- Continued bom Page 1 day, Mexico is different Today, dents said their voting choice 

1 ' " ing trial for acts erf revenge 

against people perceived to be 

“They insisted that people be 
brought straight into the camps 
in tr ucks, - said Kris Janowsxi, 
a spokesman for the UN refu- 
gee agency. 

With an es timat ed 40.000 
Rwandans still waiting to cross 
the bridge, or on the road to the 
border from southwest Rwan- 
da, he said it could take a week 

tie camps against 
anowsfe, killers. 

stated with their vote an onusu- 

ers, Ageoce-F ranee Presse all; 

The tv 

from Kigali, Rwanda. 

ly strong fa 
Even Mr. 

faith in the future, 
r. FemAndez, the 

The two were tried, convicted conservative runner-up, de- 
and sentenced to death by a dared in a speech late Sunday 
court martial in June during the that although Mexico continues 
civil war between the Front and to search for its destiny, “We 
the former government, he said Mexicans must be confident in 
at a news conference: the change we have started. To- 

day, Mexico is different Today, dents said their voting choice 
Mexico is better.** was based on habit and party 

Mr. Zedillo promised Mexi- loyalty. But by voting to keep 
cans a greater focus on the do- the PRI in power, they were not 
mestic economy while assuring necessarily saying they were 
Washington he would not veer happy with the status quo. 
from the free-market strictures Sixty-five percent of the re- 
stipulated in the trade agree- spondents said they wanted Mr. 
meat. Salinas’s successor to “make 

His greatest challenge will be changes” in the existing eco- 
to honor his foreign trade com- manic policies, 
mitment while ffrannline with Tne nation’s attention was 

CUBA: Boottift Is Unabated Despite New U.S. Policy 

Continued from Page 1 
mar was another young man 
wearing a necklace of string and 

“Even if they don*t let us into 
the United States." he said, 
“they say they’ll send us to a 
third country. Fine, Til go to a 
third country. Til go to a fifth 
country. Hi go to France or 
Panama or Venezuela or any- 

“I’d even go to Haiti, and 
that’s the worst,” Juan piped in. 
“We just want to get out of 
here, and once we’re out, wher- 
ever they send us well end up in 
the United States eventually.” 

News of the new U.S. policy 
was widely broadcast in the of- 
ficial Cuban media and was 
portrayed as a fieri] attempt by 

the United States to undermine 
the Cuban revolution. 

Although the official line in 
Cuba is to label the rafters “Ole- 
gal immigrants," just as it is in 
the United States, the Cuban 
authorities are not taking any 
overt measures to halt or dis- 
courage the exodus. 

On Saturday night, 48 hours 
after Attorney General Janet 
Reno announced the new poli- 
cy, six men and two women, all 
in their 20s or 30s. carried a raft 
down to the beach at La Boca, 
about 25 kilometers (IS miles) 
west of Havana. 

They set the craft down on 
the sand and began their good- 
byes to several relatives and 

A woman dressed in shorts 

mi t mer it while grappling with Ine nations attention was 
^ ^ gjpy^jjjg income disparities at captured by the rebel Zapatista 
»t rr n j| »• home, where nearly half the National Liberation Army m 

\ Mew L/.O. roticy country lives at or near the pov- Chiapas, which sent a dual mes- 

, „ . .. , ertv leveL Because the trade sage to Mr. Salinas: Mexico's 

*T3on’t worrv bv dawn we economic system and increas- tired of the corruption, 

will be oo^KdZ Americans “gly rely on free-market forces. There was no way erf te lli ng 
SdStyiu fcduLrSte man Mr. Zedillo wffl have to find how theupriang affect^ Sun- 
said, bS the woman kept shak- innovative ways to elevate his day’s dorian But jhe duefad- 

electorate s living standards. . vocate of the Zapatista struggle. 

The woman held herself and The sector of the population CuauhtfaiK)c C4rfaias Solbr- 
shivered, even though it was not from which Mr. Zedillo drew zan °t t ^ e 
the least bit cold. Asked why the vast majority of his support candidal^ ^noedless than 20 
she was leaving if she was so consists of fanners, blue-collar percem oi tne vote, 
afraid, she said: “If 1 was not workers and housewives whose Chiapas itself experienced 
wiftani to die tonight, I won’t- incomes average less than $400 one of the highest turnout rates 
Death on land, death on sea — per month, according to an exit in the nation, with sane areas 
it’s the same. I must go." survey conducted by U.S. poll- reporting more than 90 percent 

The others ctimbedonto the ster Warren Mitofsky. The poll, attendance at the polls. Al- 
raft, and several of their com- which included rural and urban though the Zapatistas agreed to 
panions waded into the water to respondents from all 3 Z Mexi- take off their trade m a r k ski 
Mp them push off. The men can states, was sponsored by masks and put down their 
started rowing. Beyond them The Washington Post and other weapons for the vote, the south- 
there was nothing but d arkness major U.S. news organizations, eru state was still troubled by 
and the sound of waves. More than half of the respon- Election Day violence. 






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Ge rman Resalcars C^italLi^ on (Mai Demand for Jeans 

By Brandon Mitdiener 

fmemanooal Herald Tribme 

FRANKFURT — The only 
thing better than a new pair of 
Levis 501s button-fly bine 
jeans, thousands of young Eu- 
ropeans agree, is. an old, -tat- 
tered pair once worn by a con- 
vict qr cowboy — the rough, 
romantic customer that Levi 
Strauss & Co. depicts in its ads. 

In Germany, Europe’s big- 
gest marke t for jeans <rf all 
kinds, a small army of special- 
ized resales capitalizes, on this. 

Despite the best efforts, of 
Levi Strauss to make its new 
jeans look and fed Old, there is 
no getting around the fact that 
“used jeans simply lode better 
and fed better, said Thomas 
Schumann,, founder and man- 
ager of &AX.IL, one of Genna- 
oy’s biggest used-jeans whole- 

TnH»wi j tn Germany, an an- 
nual 1 billion Deutsche made 
($650 million) jeans market, a 
new pair erf 501s usually sdls 
for more than 100 DM and an 

or dinar y used pair often costs 
that roach, or more. 

Mr. Schumann’s SALE has 
grown from nothing to sales of 
2,5 millio n DM and four fall- 
time employees in less than 
three years, about the time the 
local used-jeans fad began. 

“We use d to seB new jeans, 
too, but we found the ola jeans 
sold bettor,” said Mr. Schu- 
mann, 29. 

While most of die used jeans 
sold in Germany ate hand-mo- 
downs from ordinary, law-abid- 
ing citizens, Mr. Schumann said 
some of the jeans he sdls really 
were worn tty prisoners and are 
collected from penitentiaries. 

Wholesalers Hke Mr. Schu- 
mann buy usedjeans for about 
20 DM from West Coast dis- 
tributors and then se& them to 
German retailers, who in turn 
sell them to young retro fashion 
fanatics for anywhere from 69 
to 120 DM, depending on how 
many holes they have. 

The ones with the biggest 
holes are in particularly high 
d emand in the eastern sections 
of Germany, according to Mr. 

Though SALE, has been 
selling as many as 50,000 pairs 

Of jeansa year, Mr. Schumann, 
a former Lufthansa steward, is 
just beginning to see a retina on 
Ins cntciprise because of a 
three-year legal battle with Levi 
Stiianss that ended recently in a 
costly outrof-coun-settlemenL 

Wh3c Levi Strauss offidally 
daiwit the used jeans market 
does not compete with its own 
safes of new jeans, it ifodk 
SAUL fo court in 1991 after 
the company started selling 
501s dyed blight orange, yd- 
Idw, tinquoiseahdother colors. 

Mri Sdramatm declined to 
say how much the legal battle or 
settlement had cost SAXJE 

other than to say it “consumed 
ail our profit.” 

Continued expansion has be- 
gun to compensate for the loss 
ofrevenue from dyed d e ni m s, 
demand for which fizzled when 
the supply was cut off, and 
SAJUEhas taken. the “used” 
idea a step further with the to-’ 

■ troduction of a line of shirts arid 
sweaters made from “recyded” 
cotton fabric. 

“We already had a name and 
an image, and it’s not ted to 
have a second leg to stand on.” 
said Mr. Schumann, predicting 
the idea would make new 

JEANS: A California Gold Rush 

Ctafamed from Age 1 
out of tents or the backs of 


The bulk erf the market is 
abroad. It doubtless helps that 
most used jeans are cheaper 
ilmt) new Levis, which cost $80 
to $100 overseas, compared 
with about $35 in die United 

For eign youth is obsessed 
with the American past Used 
Air Jordan athletic shoes from 
the 1980s, sweaty and soQed, 
can sell for $800 in Japan. 

But nothing says Made in 
America louder than jeans, es- 
pecially the denim 501s with tibe 
button fly that Levi Strauss' & 
Co. has made since 1873. 

KaznUQco Hanzawa, a sales 
derk at Marvm’i a usedjeans 
and sneakers stare in the Hara- 
juka district of Tokyo, says 501s 
are the most popular brand 
sou^it by teenage buyers. 
Prices range from 5100 to 
$ 1 , 000 . 

Retail prices vary depending 
an the age, condition and coun- 
try. The 501s without holes or 
stains may fetch' 540 to $50. 
Vintage 501s are among the 
most prized; predating 1983 
and known as Red. lines, they 

are hand cut from & single piece 
of fabric whose red- selvage 
edge is the inseam- They retail 
abroad for $70 or mare. 

But the highest prices axe 
commanded by a fulfer-cut and 
wider-legged Levis popular in 

the 1950s and ’60s. The jeans 
are called Big Fs, for the logo 
osed until 1971 on the distinc- 
tive tiny rod Levi tag. They 
bring $500 to $2,000 in Japan. 

“I could easily sell 40,000 
pair a month if I could find, 
them,” , said Peter. Anestos of 
Pocatello, Idaho, who became a 
dealer four years ago after his. 
business as a steel-mill equip- 
ment dismantler fell apart. 
“When I started, I was getting 
$10 to. $13, wholesale, for the 
best 501s mid now Tm getting. 
$25. Of course, the price I pay 
‘ for jeans has also doubled.” 

Some dealers are so aggro*- 
rive that they try to comer the- 
market in certain states. Most 
dealers, are on the West Coast 
because the more valuable but- : 
ton-fly 501s are prevalent there. 
Easterners .tend to prefer the 
ripper fly because it does not let 
in cold air. 

No one bdieves the rage in : 
used jeans has hart Levi 
Strauss, the biggest marketer of' 
jeans in the world. The compa- 
ny’s sales of Levis, estimated at 
$4.8 billioulast year, dwarfs the* 
used-jeans market. 

In fact, Levi Strauss last year. 
introdnced501s with a broken-; 
in finish achieved by a combi- 
nation of stone washing and- 

ganrihbisting. • ■ _ 

. It toede a year to develop the 
washing technology to make the 
worn look posable. 

YELTSIN: Flicker of Hope inRussui 9 sGrim Economy 

Confirmed from ftge 1 . 
contain the Soviet Union, may 
feed political extrenrism. But 
Mr. Kozyrev a g r ees that West- 
ern aid is far less important 
than private . investment and 
that time is predsety whafRus- 
ria needs. 

Time to nurture democratic 
institutions, like political par- 
ties and juries. Time to pass 
practical laws governing tree- 
market business. Time to leant 
new economic behavior. Time 
to get over die hnxmfiation of 
the Soviet Union's collapse and 
regain some patriotic pride. 
Time to get rich enough not to 
fed embarrassed. Time to get 
used to stability itself. 

For all Russia's problems, 
Mr. Pavlenko said: “fecanomic 
behavior among the population 
is beginning to change.” 

There are many positive signs 
this August 

At the VDNKh — the AUr 
Union Exhibition of Economic 
Achievements — built to dis- 
play glories of Soviet technol- 
ogy and progress, memoriab to 
Yuri A Gagarin, the first man 
in space, are ignored as Rus- 
sians shop for imported televi- 
sions, videos, stereos and cars. 
The vast exhibition ground and 
numerous pavilions are a form 
of shopping man. 

Rnsaan stores are full of bet- 
ter clothes and groceries. Rus- 
sians fin nightclubs, restaurants 
and health dubs whose prices 
would make a New^ Yorker pate. 

electronic diaries and Hugo 
Boss suits. Russians are build- 
ing huge, crendlaled bride da- 
chas, restoring Moscow’s tat- 
tered office buildings and 
hiring foreign accountants. 
Russians are pouring into ooco- 
unthinkable European vacation 
spots Hire Cyprus and Rimini , 
mid even Pans and London. 

For many people — and most 
Russians do not in fact belong 
to crimin al gangs - — Hfe is get- 
ting better. Then salaries buy. 
more and they are spending 
more, with real household con- 
sumption up 18 percent : over 
the same quarter last year. 

In January, Prime Minister 
Chernomyrdin lost the mast 
visible westernized reformers 
in a government deeply divided 
over economic polity after the 
strong showing of Vladimir V. : 
Zhirinovsky in the Dccanbcr 
elections. Mr. Chernomyrdin, a 

dustrial manager, spoke of the 
need for an expansionist, hog- 
Spending budget, with inflation 
going up to 18 percenlamonxh. 

But pressed by the West and 
Without reformers like Yegor T. 
Gaidar to blame, Mr. Chemo- 
myrdin soon rewrsed hhnxelf. 

a need^br low frrfSiian^mda 
tight hold on credits but hedsp 
enforced an economic consent 
Sus in the government. 

The head of the central bank, 
Viktor V. Ge rashchenko, with- . 
out the framer Parliament's 
support, took his cue from Mr. 
OtoiKMnyrdm.' As importa nt. 

the bank stopped giving credits 
(Erectly to enterprises but onty 
to the government itself. 

Having once compared pri- 
vatization to Stalinist collectiv- 
ization. Mr. Chernomyrdin has 
come to. s up port the privatiza- 
tioir ' minister; Anatoli B. Chu- 
bais, and has echoed his .calls 
for managers to reform their 
enterprises or face bankruptcy. 

Despite modi waling over 
steep drops in industrial pro- 
dnetion, much of that drop is 

Russhm^lDgures barely touch 
the mowing private economy. 

If in the old days production 
reports were inflated to meet 
quotas and earn bonuses, they 
are minimirari now to reduce 
taxes and bribes.' 

Economists also point to 
electricity consumption, winch 
has dropped only about 2 pol- 
ecat despite higher prices, as a 
strong indi cato r mat private 
production is taking up much of 
the xiftck- 

The second stage of pxxvati-. 
zafion, in which the government 
seSs its remaining 49 percent 
share of many compaiues, will 
bring at feast $2 tnQum this 
half-year alone. There will be 
more money next year, a trans- 
fusion ihat win lessen pressure 
to raise taxes or finagle special 
loans from the International 
Monetary Fund. 

Foreign investment itself is 
increasing, and could total $5 
bfllion tins year. 

As a, centrist representative 
ofthe country's real power elite 
-^managers and Inneancrats- — 
Prime Minister Qvniffmyi dm 
has been gtyrai more leeway 
than Mr. Gaidar, an academic 
economist who repres ents a 
thinner slice of Russian life. 

Mr. Cheoromyrdia, to the 
dfegust of the Communist and 
nationalist opposition, has been 
carrying out me essence of Mr. 
Gaidai' polkaesL-But he’s do- 
ing & more effective job. 

Hf and Ydtan, who has been 
moving into the political center, 
have made , a reassuring team, 
both at home and abroad. They 
have beat helped by the new 
constitution forced through, in 
peranber, which established a 
strong presidency. 

By stressing more muscular 
nationalist themes, lilm fightin g 
crime and enhancii^ Russian 
presdavMr. Yeltsin has bear 

MUMiinui fhar notiM.1:^ . 

strain, itself divided. 

Mr. Zhirinovsky, who won 
218 percent of the party-prefer- 
ence vote and does not domi- 
nate Parfiarocnt, is tiring his 
ewn.supporters^ half of whom 
wonld-not vote far him again, 
according to opinion surveys. 

Russia follows other 
farmer Communist countries 
Hke Poland and Hungary, a lot 
of the disaffected vote will go to 


-'On the nt^ative side, of 
ooarse» there is a cooriderable 
worirt_ of crime, corruption, 
cocfoswo, and economic dis- 
tress. While most Russians 

seem to be doing better, many 
are not In bigmutaxy-industri- 
al centers Eke Novosibirsk^ 
huge factories are restructuring; * 
vary slowly, keeping workers oil 
mhriwnrm wages orforoal vaca- 
tions or not paying them at nil; 
for months. - 
Underpaid nuclear scientists; 
are striking. Companies! 
strapped forcashar preferring 
io invest it are again running up! 
huge debts Co one another, to- 
taling nearly $15 biflion. " ■’ 
Tins is the other ride of a 
tight-n mney policy, vdnch can; 
work only if companies are con-, 
vinced that the government will 
not bail them out Mr. Chemo-! 
myrdin is talking tough, but 
pressure to ^tend is growing 

from militaiy, agricultural and 
industrial lobbies. Inflation is; 
Ekc^to hit 10 percent a month! 
by autumn — not awful, but 
not die 10 percent a year that; 
would mark stabilization. ' 


A Nuclear Effort : k 

dent, Mr. Stepashin said, and' 
pledged that there would be a; 
joint investigation, -including! 

- interrogations of those con-* 
cexned. ! 

Last Friday, before departing 1 g 
for Moscow, Mr. Sdmndbflner! •• 
erolamed why German police,! 
who had operated a “sting? in' 
the Munich affair, did not con-! 
tact Russian officials until the' 
plutonium arrived. \ 

“Certain offices in Moscow- 
could have been involved,” hie! 
said, “and then, the arrest. , 
wouldn’t have been posable 1 
and the operation wouldn’t! 
have succeeded.” 

Only small amounts ofpluto-' 
nmm-239, about the volume erf- 
a can of soda, are required to 
make a nuclear device. . ’ ' J 
In a joint statement, the two 
ades called fra closer coopera- 
tion, including op ening “con-, 
tact offices” m Moscow and • i- 
Braiin mid tightening border 1" 
conteds. They proposed an m- !' 
ternatiOTal information dear- ;! 

m^juse on nndear smuggling. 

«oth sides agree that ulegal / 
frMsactirais with nuc lear mate- \ 
Mis, r^ardless of where they ( 
come from, pose serious dan- 
gers," the statement said. 

Broarif*- mH . 

fion is needed to block c riminal 
activities in this fidd.” *- « 
- .Jfc Sdmndbaner also met ■ ' 
Ycrasnj M. Primakov, dir 
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Radio Hint 
On Hitch in 
North Korea 

The Associated Press , 

TOKYO — SU.weeks-after 
the death of Kim H Sung* offi- 
cial press organizations are 
warning that ^ambifious per- 
sons and conspirators’’ could 
undermine the party unless the 
question of theNorth. Korean 
succession was solved soon. 

Despite indications that Mr. 
Kim’s son arid heir apparent, 
Kim Jong fl, is in power, the 
failure of the younger Kim' to 
publicly assume fuff leadership 
of the. Worker's Party ,of the 
secretive Communist state has 
left Korea- watchers wondering 
whether there has been some 
problem with the succession, 
such as a power struggle or an 
unwillingness by Mr. Kjro to 
assume the post 

The broadcast Sunday ’ by 
Radio Pyongyang, summarized 
Monday by Radio Press, a me- 
dia monitoring service, did not 
specifically indicate that such a 
struggle was going on, but it 
seemed to stray from other offi- 
cial proclamations that the is- 
sue of Kim n Snag’s succession 
had been settled. 

“Historical experience shows' 
that unless the problem of a 
successor, of a .revolutionary 
leader is solved correctly, ambi- 
tious persons and conspirators 
may, with & breach of faith, . 
play with. the party. audits revo- 
lution,” the broadcast said. ' • ' 

“This could have a very bad 
result, destroying the revc 

it difficult io realize the 
vancement of revolutionaiy vie- 

“Therefore, the correct solu- 
tion of the successor’s problem 
has been brought up as a seri- 
ous issue for the future of the 

South Korean officials inter- 
preted the broadcast as indicat- 
ing that the period of mounting 
for the senior Kim, who died 
July 8 , was nearly over and that 
the official succession could be 
about to take place.' 

Korea-watchers noted that . 
Sept. 9, the anniversary of the 
establishment of the North Ko- 
rean government, could be. a , 
possible time for the announce- 

For Being as 
He Turns 90 

•The Associated Proa, -r • 

BEUING — China's 'se- 
nior leader, Deng Xiao- 
ping, turned ' 90 on Mon- 
day, but 1 the -birthday 
passed with little fanfare. 

Several nugor newspa- 
pers 'Carried front-page file 
photos of Mr. Deng and 
commentaries praising bis 
contributions tothe nation, 
but none noted that Mon- 
day was his birthday. 

They did carry lengthy 
articles making it dear that 
Mr. Deng’s pragmatic poli- 
cy clearly remained the of- 
ficial Imp. 

“Over the past 10 years 
or so, China's economic de- 
velopment has been so fast, 
the changes so momentous 
— DengXaaopmg’s name 
can't be squraiaT from 
that,” the official People’s 
Daily said i 1 ^ — ■ — - 

Wary ol a personality 
cult similar to that winch 
surrounded Mao, Mr. Deng 
has discouraged official ad- 
ulation since he took power 
in the 1970s. 

Reports published this., 
month suggested that he 
would spend the day (unfit- 
ly, with family and friends. 

Officials will not divulge 
anything about his activi- 
ties because, they say* he is 
only a private citizen who 
holds no offfae. 

In Africa, Small Is Beautiful 

Macroresults From a Micro- Aid Experiment 

" '» gm » j . n . . Cng Fepu Thr Auooucd Pres. 

Prime Minister. Prince Norodom Ranariddh, left, during debate Monday at a legislative session in Phnom Penh. 

1 * 


PHNOM PENH — Prince Norodom 
Ranariddh, ! Cambodia’s senior prime 
minister, on Monday ordered alljoumal- 
ists and diplomats out of southern Kam- 
pot Provincewhcre Khmer Ronge guer- 
rillas '.are holding three Westerners 
hostage: He said he was hopeful of a 
positive outcome within two or three 
days if. media- attention were curtailed. 

“Not only journalists but all diplo- 

ia Official Bars Media in Hostage Crisis 

mats are to be withdrawn from Kam- 
pot,” he said. Tm not a gains t the press 
but we want this case to be resolved 

The prince criticized the media and 
the governments of Australia, Fiance 
and Britain for giving him contradictory 
guidelines on freeing the hostages. 

“Please don’t tell me ‘no ransom but 
no military action,’ he said. He said the 

throe governments would not endorse 
paying a ransom but opposed military 
action as a way to put pressure on the 
Khmer Rouge captors. 

Mark Slater, 28, from Britain; Jean- 
Michel Braquet, 27, of France, and Da- 
vid Wilson, 29, from Australia, were tak- 
en hostage by the Khmer Rouge on July 
26. The Khmer Rouge demand 5150,000 
for their release. 

Nigeria Oil Officials See Crack in Strike 


LAGOS 1 — Some ctf Nigeria's 
striking oil workers returned to 
their jobs Monday for the first 
time since then pro-democracy 
work stoppage began more than 
six weeks ago, industry officials 
saidC ' ' r ■ " 

Meanwhile, ajonner mihtaiy 
ruler of Nigeria, retired General 
Olusegun Obasanjo, warned the 
government that tension re- 
mained high and urged it to free 
the opposition politician, Mo~ 
shood JLO. Abiola, whose ar- 
rest in June deepened ayear-old 
political crisis. 

“His release will ease the way 

to a resolution of the conflict,” 
said General Obasanjo, the 
only military ruler to have vol- 
untarily relinquished power in 

Chief Abiola, who is widely 
believed to have won last year’s 
voided election, is on trial for 
treason for proclaiming himself 
president in defiance of the cur- 
rent military ruler, General 
Sant Abacba. The cnl workers 
are demanding his release and 
installation as president 

Faced with the pro-Abiola oft 
workers strike and riots. Gener- 
al Abacha last week sacked the 
leaders of the trade unions and 

ordered their members back to 
their jobs. 

Officials at several multina- 
tional oil firms in Nigeria said 
some workers appeared to have 
heeded the order but said it was 
too early to make a general as- 
sessment on whether the strike 
had been broken. 

“There are a few more people 
here today than has been the 
case for some time,” a spokes- 
man for a major oU-producing 
company in Nigeria said. 

“We are still assessing the tit- 
nation,” another ofl company 
official said. “It takes time.” 

The Forcados oil terminal 

which is operated by Shell Pe- 
troleum Development Co. of 
Nigeria, was closed over the 
weekend. A spokesman blamed 
the shutdown on “tampering.” 
He had no further details and 
said Shell was assessing the sit- 

A spokesman for the Nigeri- 
an National Petroleum Corp. 
said Nigeria expected its vital 
oil sector — from which fuel 
deliveries to the domestic econ- 
omy have been badly disrupted 
by the strike — to return to 
normal within a week. 

This is another in a series of occasional articles 
dealing with the economic and social collapse of 
countries in Africa. 

By Michelle Singletary 

Washington Post Service 

KERR WALLY, Gambia — Mamkanku Joof, 
barefoot and wearing a canary-yellow dress and 
head-wrap, proudly shows visitors the one- room 
storage area attached to her home. Like her 
house, it is a single-story cinder-block structure 
with a corrugated roof. Inside are gigantic cans 
of tomato paste and bags of sugar, couscous and 
onions stacked to the ceiling. 

Mrs. Joof is a trader here in Kerr Wally. 20 
miles west of Gambia's capital Banjul 

Every day, the women of her village walk to 
her tiny storeroom for supplies; spoonfuls of 
tomato paste for benachin, a traditional dish; a 
cup or two of couscous, a rice-like grain; onions 
for soup. When her business hours are over, Mrs. 
Joof secures her storeroom with a padlock — a 
symbol of her success. 

A year ago, a padlock was unnecessary. Mrs. 
Joof did not have enough money to feed her 
family, let alone stock her makeshift warehouse. 
Like everyone else in the village, her family was 
struggling (o survive on a day-to-day basis. 

But then Mrs. Joof and 56 other village women 
each borrowed sums as low as 530 from a loan 
program set up by Save the Children, an interna- 
tional relief organization based in Westport. 
Connecticut. The women used the money to buy 
livestock, imported cloth to make traditional 
dresses or seeds for planting. Most used the 
capital to start small businesses. Now the village 
is prospering and experiencing a sense of eco- 
nomic security that it has not enjoyed in decades, 
if ever. 

Mrs. JooFs story and that of her village illus- 
trate how a relatively small amount of money can 
have a tremendous impact when used to encour- 
age a spirit of entrepreneurship rather than dis- 
tributed as a handout. 

Save the Children and similar programs repre- 
sent a major shift in bow aid is being used in 
Africa, a move away from a patronizing way of 
delivering money to one in which local people are 
given the means and know'-how to help 

The new approach — called “microenterprise’' 
— is showing success around the world. The New 
York-based Women’s World Banking, a non- 
profit financial institution, has a network of 
more than 50 banks in more than 40 countries 
that provide poor women with access to capital 
through microenterprise loan programs. 

“It's credit as a social movement; it’s econom- 
ic empowerment,” said Madeline Hirschland, 
economic development specialist for Save the 
Children. “People in Africa are not interested in 

Despite the relatively high levels of foreign aid 
to Africa over the last thro; or four decades, the 

results have been disappointing. Nearly three- 
quarters of the nations of sub-Saharan Africa are 
classified by the World Bank as poverty-stricken, 
with annual per capita incomes of $500 or less. 

While economists and other development ex- 
perts debate how to turn Africa around, Brian 
Atwood, administrator of the UJS. Agency for 
International Development, and others contend 
that microenterprise is the one method by which 
a vast number of people in developing countries 
will be able to improve their lives through small 
and basic entrepreneurial activities. 

“Microenteiprises are an effective way to help 
the world’s 2 billion poor people acquire incomes 
and assets Mr. Atwood said. This kind of 
assistance produces significant, measurable re- 

In Kerr Wally, many women are on their 
second or third loan. The loans and interest 
income are recycled within the village, thus creat- 
ing a larger loan pool each time money is bor- 
rowed and repaid. The repayment rate has been 
more than 90 percent, despite interest rates that 
can range from 10 percent to more than 20 

“Microenterprise is an internally motivated 
approach that allows communities to lake re- 
sponsibility for their own development,” said 
Diane Nell director of Save the Children's field 
office in Gambia. “These credit programs are 
one very strong indication that Africans are not 
looking' for a handout. These type of programs 
have an incredible impact. I’ve seen people who 
were illiterate become literate after getting a 

While critics say microenterprise programs are 
too small to significantly address the severe 
problems of sub-Saharan Africa, proponents ar- 
gue that the credit projects are just what the 
continent needs. Microenterprise can be an im- 
portant supplement to the macroeconomic ap- 

proaches pushed by the World Bank, Interna- 
tional Monetary Fui 

r und and other multilateral 
development banks, supporters in the United 
States and throughout sub-Saharan Africa said 

“I firmly believe macrodevelopment is not the 
answer, because much of the population lives at a 
subsistence level,” said Rama Bah of the Wash- 
ington-based African Development Foundation. 
“Before there are roads, bridges and ports, you 
have to do something to put food in the stomachs 
of the majority of people that live in the rural 

John F. Hicks, assistant administrator for 
USAID’s African bureau, said: “There is no 
question microenterprise can be a source of eco- 
nomic growth for the African economy.” He 
added that the agency had become so sold on 
such programs that they will become a funda- 
mental component of its development strategy. 
In fiscal year 1995, USAID's support for mi- 
croemeiprise programs is expected to reach an 
estimated $140 million, up from $32 million . 

Irvin Horowitz, Times Editor, Dies 

New Yark Tlnm Service 

HEW YORK — Irvin M. 
Horowitz, 69, an editor at The 
New York Times for more than 
30 years, ^died Saturday in Cape 
Cod. Hospital in Hyannis, Mas- 
sachusetts. . 

. His wife^ Marjorie, said the 
cause of death was a stroke. 

Mr. Horowitz joined. The 
Times in May 1957 and spent 
most of has career on the na- 
tional news desk, first as a copy 
editor and latcr as the assistant 
national editor wbo coordinat- 
ed daily assignments from earty 
morning through the fkst-edi- 
fion deadline in the evening- 

Mr. Horowitz: had an ex- 
traordinary memory for articles 
that had appeared in the paper, 
down to what page they had 
appeared on ana what kind of 
headline they had appeared un- 
der. He also had an encyclope- 
dic knowledge of politics. He 

to-day coverage of -.the 
presidential campaigns in 1972, 
1976, 1980 arid 

He spent two years in Paris in 
the 1960s as assistant news edi- 
tor of the international edition 
of The New York Times. When 
he'retirod in .1991, he was The 
Times’s obituaries editor. 

A-.P. Bisusteui, 72, a Drafter 
Of 40 Nations’ Constitutions 
bert P. Blausteia, 72, a law pro- 
fessor who dedicated nearly 
three decades of his life to 
drafting constitutions for na- 
tions in transition, died Sunday 
at Duke University Hospital in 
Durham, North Carolina, after 
suffering a heart attack. 

A fervent believer that a con- 
stitution could help a nation 
legal pdfii' 
atity, Mr. 3 

one of the Russian poets who 
helped turn verse into a symbol 
of spiritual freedom in the early 
post-Stalin years , died Saturday 
after a long Alness, the Itar-Tass 
news agency reported from 

Wes’s day- 

moral identity, Mir. Blausteia 
wrote the constitutions how in 
use in Liberia and Fiji contrib- 
uted large parts of the constitu- 
tions of Zimbabwe, Bangladesh 
and Peru, and had a hand in the 
drafting of about 40 others, in- 
cluding those of Nicaragua, Ro- 
mania and post-Soviet Russia. 

Robert Rozhdestvensky, 62, 

Carios Vieira Dias, 75, credit- 
ed with spreading the influence 
of Angola’s rhythmical Semba 
musical form, died Friday in 
Lisbon, where he had been 
brought three months ago for 
treatment of an undisclosed ill- 

Julia Osvath, 861 , one of Hun- 
gary’s best known sopranos 
who was noted for her lead roles 
in Mozart’s operas, died Satur- 
day of leukemia, the state news 
agency MTI reported from Bu- 

Benito Agrelo, 15, a two-time 
liver transplant patient who 
told a judge be would rather die 
than keep taking painful anti- 
rejection drugs, died Saturday 
at his home in Coral Springs, 
Florida, after winning a court 
case against forcible treatment 

Sri Lanka Lifts Postelection Curfew 

Agence Frmce-Prene 

COLOMBO —The Sri Lan- 
kan president announced Mon- 
day that he was lifting a night 
curfew beginning Tuesday, as 
postdection violence subsided 
and Hfe began to return to nor- 

Earlier, hi the day, the new 
government of Prime Minister 
C bandrika -Bandaramrike Ku- 
maraxunga had declared that 

1 . • j 7 ft— J- 

President Dingiri Banda Wjjcs 

rwnga, who how represents 
opposition, was responsible for 
continuing the curfew. 

Shops and offices opened, 
and more vehicles were seen on 
the roads of the capital Colom- 
bo. The curfew was imposed to 
prevent clashes between rival 
political parties after last week's 
pariiamentaiy elections. 

“We still get reports of minor 
rfashi-s in the provinces, but so 
far there has been no serious 
case of postelection violence,” a 
military spokesman said. 

But the Defense Ministry 
warned that the curfew might 
be reanrposed at short notice if 

there were any outbreak of vio- 

Although Mr. Wijetunge’s 
United National Party lost the 
election, on. Aug. 16, he remains 
executive head of state and de- 
fense -minister until his term 
ends in January 1995. 

Public servants, meanwhile, 
responded to an appeal by 
Prime Minister Kumaranmga 
to report for work Monday and 
restart the civil administration, 
officials said. 





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Page 6 







Nuclear Black Market 

Receni reports that German police 
have intercepted small amounts of nucle- 
ar material on Europe's black market are 
a chilling reminder that the end of the 
Cold War brings no guarantee of nuclear 
safety. Indeed, the disintegration of the 
former Soviet Union, with its huge stock- 
piles of weapons and nuclear materials, 
may actually make the world more dan- 
gerous than it was when such materials 
wens under police-state control 

Surely there is no more urgent task 
before the world’s governments than 
eradicating this embryonic trade. Yet 
Russia resists, and the Clinton adminis- 
tration has been slow to press the issue. 

Hie materials intercepted in four re- 
cent incidents by German authorities 
were not in themselves a weapon threat 
— the amounts of plutonium and highly 
enriched uranium were too small and too 
impure to make a bomb. What is unnerv- 
ing is that these small amounts appear to 
have been samples designed to generate 
future sales of larger amounts to foreign 
countries or terrorist groups eager to 
make nuclear weapons. 

There is no evidence yet that any war- 
heads or enough material for a bomb 
have actually bam spirited out of Russia. 
But German officials were right to sound 
the alarm. The known seizures could be a 
mere fraction of the dangerous traffic. 

The former Soviet Union relied on 
physical security at installations and close 
monitoring of its population to prevent 
anyone from making off with nuclear ma- 
terials. With the police state gone, criminal 

gangs proliferating and social turbulence 
rising, conditions scon ripe for thefts. The 
most immediate need is for intensified 
police work to intercept smugglers. That 
will require an unusual degree of coopera- 
tion among police and intefligeace agen- 
cies in Europe and the former Soviet 
Union, with hdp from the United States. 

Stronger protective measures are also 
required at aU militar y and civilian nude* 
ar rites in the former Soviet bloc. At a 
minimum there must be an accurate in- 
ventory, even Russian officials acknow- 
ledge that they have lost track of who 
possesses what nuclear material. 

Only the Russians can truly fix the 
security breakdown, and they are send- 
ing mixed signals. President Boris Yelt- 
sin has promised to block the trade in 
nuclear contraband, and many Russian 
officials seem eager to upgrade security. 
But nationalist politicians and many 
atomic energy officials in Russia dismiss 
the concerns as Western propaganda. 
Unless responsible leaders prevail, the 
task appears hopeless. 

Securing Russia’s nuclear stockpiles is 
a matter of great urgency. Yet the Clinton 
administration, distracted by domestic 
battles and other foreign crises, has given 
it only fitful attention. No high-level offi- 
cial is working on the problem full-time, 
and diplomacy is going very slowly. As 
President BUI Clinton prepares for a 
meeting with Mr. Yeltsin in September, 
there is no more important issue for the 
White House to engage. 


China’s Gender Balance 

The philosophical tradition of Taoism 
is founded on the idea of balance, in 
nature and in human relations. Its core 
principles are yang and yin. symbolizing 
the dualities of light and dark, sky ana 
earth, male and female. Taoist texts teach 
that nature and society seek balance, and 
thai interfering with this natural arrange- 
ment can bring unhappy consequences. 
Chinese society is rediscovering this today. 
As Philip Sbenon of Tbe New York Tones 
reported last week, tbe balance between 
male and f emal e has been skewed. 

Under government pressure to limit 
families to one child each, driven by tra- 
dition that favors boys, helped by ultra- 
sound and readily available abortions, 
Chinese famili es have been messing with 
Mother Nature in an effort to mak e sure 
their one child is a boy. The result: a stark 
shortage of women of marriageable age, 
and a lot of lonely young men. 

China is not the only populous country 
where this has happened; a s imilar phe- 
nomenon is occurring in India, according 
to United Nations figures. Prejudice 
against girls runs deep in both societies. 
Boys have traditionally been seen as 

assets in agricultural families; their 
work in the fields was valued. Girls were 
regarded as a burden; they would only 
move away to live with their husbands’ 
families, and had to be provided with 
dowries. At times in Chinese history, fe- 
male infanticide was accepted practice. 

Recent news reports from both coun- 
tries have related that these prejudices die 
hard. In both India and China, poor 
families are known to feed their sons 
better than their daughters. Girls are less 
likely to survive childhood than boys. 
Now, with the relatively cheap new tech- 
nology of ultrasound to help identify the 
sex of a fetus, families can use abortion to 
avoid girls altogether. 

The unforeseen result, at least in Chi- 
na, is that suddenly young women are 
finding themselves valued m the society 
that once shunned them. They are being 
treated with new respect, and those of 
marriageable age can pick and choose 
from a large field of suitors. They have 
been rescued from disdain and oblivion 
by a highly impersonal and newly potent 
principle in Chinese life: market forces. 


Other Jackals at Large 

IBich Ramirez Sinchez never de- 
served the near mythical reputation he 
seemed to gain as the terrorist Carlos the 
Jackal. To be sure, a bloody trail of 
shootings and bombings around the 
globe stretching back to the 1970s and 
’80s confirms his infamy as a cold-blood- 
ed murderer. But he was nothing more 
than that. When he was flown to France 
last week to stand trial for the murder of 
two French security agents, Carlos the 
Jackal had become Carlos the expend- 
able. Now a hired gun without a patron, 
he was too useless for even Sudan — a 
shelterer of international terrorists. It 
was authorities in Khartoum who arrest- 
ed and turned him over to the French. 

That Carlos could have remained at 
large for so long is not so much a tribute 
to nis elusiveness and skill at disguises as 
it is evidence of the handiwork of govern- 
ments spurred to help him by motives as 
reprehensible as his own. From Commu- 
nist Hungary, Czechoslovakia and East 
Germany came a network of safe houses 
and official support that prevented him 
from being brought to justice. From Syria 
came an asylum that he and his family 
reportedly enjoyed for much of the last 
10 years. But it was from his work as a 
hireling for international extremists — 
including his Soviet bloc sponsors, Pal- 

estinian guerrillas and radical Arab re- 
gimes — that Carlos was able to satisfy 
nis blood lust and desire for notoriety. 
And it is for that that police and intelli- 
gence organizations have been on his 
heels for all these years. 

While there are no outstanding U.S. 
warrants against Carlos (he apparently 
never targeted American citizens), 
Americans ought to be pleased that he 
has been caught and mil be made to 
account for at least a few of the terrorist 
attacks he committed against innocent 
people. France ought to ensure that he 
gets all that he has coming. 

The French, who hunted Carlos for 20 
years, deserve applause for their coup. 
And the Sudanese are entitled to thanks 
— although not, in light of their links to 
other international terrorists, to absolu- 
tion — for their cooperation in tbe cap- 
ture. Carlos's imprisonment makes the 
world only a marginally safer place. His 
successors, though, the religions fanatics, 
the gcnoddal killers, the bombers on 
both sides in places like Northern Ireland 
and Bosnia, remain. Like the gang war- 
lords and drug kingpins who are jackals 
in American streets, there is nothing at all 
mythical about their exploits, nothing re- 
motely romantic about their terrorism. 


Other Comment 

Northern Boost to the Union 

Sweden, Norway, Finland and even 
Iceland seem well on their way to joining 
the European Union, with most of (he 
political spectrum pushing for admission, 
albeit for different reasons. The left sees 
EU membership as a way of fostering the 
economic prosperity without which the 
expensive Scandinavian welfare states 
erected in the postwar period cannot sur- 

vive. Conservative forces hope that Brus- 
sels will help them in their efforts to cut 
back the bloated welfare bureaucracies, 
and that EU membership will ul tima tely 
be the Scandinavians' best security guar- 
antee against their big neighbor to the 
east, despite the vagueness of European 
security policy for the time being. In any 
case, the Scandinavians have as much to 
contribute to Europe as to gain from it 
— Neue Zurcher Zetitmg (Zurich). 

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L ONDON — There was once a thriy- 
j mg habitation of some half a mil- 
lion people in southeastern Nigeria, the 
land of the OgonL It is an oil-producing 
area that suffered much ecological dam- 
age. That rfflfnagff has received world 
publicity largely due to the efforts of 
a passionate writer called Ken Saro- 
Wiwa. himself an OgonL 
A leader of the Movement for the 
Salvation of the Ogoni People, he ex- 
posed tbe plight of Ogoni to the UN 
Minorities Council, calling for the recog- 
nition oF the Ogpni people as one of the 
world's endangered minorities. He agi- 
tated for compensation for dam age d 
crops, polluted fishing ponds and the 
general destruction of what was once an 
organic economic existence of his people. 

That was some two or three years ago. 
Now Ken Saro-Wiwa is held in chains in 
a hidden prison, incommunicado. He is 
seriously ul with a heart condition and is 
totally at the mercy of a gloating sadist, a 
self-avowed kiDer and torturer of the 
military species, specially selected for the 
“pacification” of Ogonfland. 

Mr. Saro-Wiwa’ s people have taken 
to the forests and mangrove swamps to 
survive. Those who remain in townships 
an d villages are subjected to displace- 
ment, expropriation of their property, 
violence and rape. Ogoniland has been 
declared a “military zone.” 

By Wole Soyinka 

One ongoing actuality of repression 
very easily obscures another; it is a pat- 
tern that dictatorships exploit most effec- 
tively. For the majority of Nigerians, 
Ogoni is -only some localized problem, 
remote from the immediate, overall mis- 
sion at rooting out the military from 
Nigerian politics, rescuing the nation’s 
wealth from its incontinent hands and 
termi n a ti ng routine murders of inno- 
cent citizens on the streets of more risible 
centers of opposition. 

The massacres in Ogoniland are hid- 
den, ill-reported. Those that obtain the 
just publicity of horror are those that are 
attributed to the Ogoni leadership. 

The accounts of such events, and care- 
ful investigations, lead to more than mere 
suspicion of dirty tricks to incite ethnic 
animosity and then bloodletting between 
the Ogoni and their neighbors. 

The ambush of a passenger boat whose 
occupants were machine-gunned to death 
bore all the professional sophistication of 
a military operation, while the massa c re of 
four Ogoni leaders by supposed Ogoni 
militan t youths has raised serious ques- 
tions about the identity of the instigators. 
It serves the purposes of General Sani 
Abacha’s government, however, to por- 
tray the Ogoni leadership as a bloodthirsty 

loL It justifies the saturation of Ogonfland 
with military k£Da“ squads. 

Ogoniland is only the first Nigerian 
experiment with “ethnic cleansing,” au- 
thorized and sustained by the despot gen- 
eral The agony of the Ogoni augurs a far 
more thorough subjugation tar other 
parts of Nigeria, also in the South. 

Ogoniland is, alas, only the model space 
for the actualization of a long dicamt-of 
totalitarian onslaught on the more politi- 
cally sophisticated sections ti£ the Nigeri- 
an polity, winch have dared expose the 
power obsession of a minuscule but obdu- 
rate mflh^HaiviUan hegemony. 

The Ogoni people are, alas, only the 
guinea pigs for- a morbid resolution of 
this smoldering inequity thin was insti- 
tuted by the British. The beneficiaries 
remain, till today* a xninority made op of 
a feudal oligarchy and their pampered, 
indolent ana unproductive scions. 

The myth of uncritical political soli- 
darity in the North was not only recently 
exploded. Its falsity had been made man- 
ifest in earlier elections — 1979 and 1983 
especially. But these were so blatantly 
rigged that the positive signals were 
drowned in the hue and cry that followed. 
So in a sense it was not untflthe elections 
of June 12, 1993, universally acclaimed a 
inoddof fainxe^ihat theodl^pseof that 
fiction became irrefutable. ' 

The pattern of voting also made it 

abundantly clear that the w-cafled galf 

between tbe North and the South was an 

and that there wtsahn eg 
division in the North i - between the 

one hand, and the parasitic elite and 
feudal scions on the other. 

. After a few noises of realism and sur- 
render to a popular, danocratic will the 
reprobates of the old order covered 
Sr breath and recollected their in ter- 
ests.- The latest instrument of mar xea- 
daL despotic will is General Abacha, 

• -The iradia and public debate at 
bars, bus stops, the markets, the moior 
pa piaiRg, staff and student clubs, govem- 
Smtoffices — have resulted m much 
Questioning of the assumption that the 
nation is a single entity. On June -3, 
1993, the day at the annulment of me 
national presidential election, the mih- 
. tary committed the most treasonable act 
Of larceny of all time: it violently robbed 
the Nigerian people of their nationhood. 
' We may be witnessing, alas, the end 
of Nigerian history. 

The writer, a Nigerian novelist who re- 
ceived the 1986 Nobel Prize in Literature, 
is chairman of the African Democratic 
League, a Lagos-based human rights 
group. A longer version of this commentary 
appeared in The New York Times. 

An Important Role for an Evolving CSCE: Preventive Diplomacy 

Paris summit meeting of 
1990. when the leaders of 36 
states signed the Charter of Paris 
for a New Europe, hopes were 
high that the Conference on Secu- 
rity and Cooperation in Europe 
would form the basis for a new 
relationship among the nations of 
Europe and North America. 

The CSCE played a key role in 
opening up Communist societies 
and ending the Cdd War. But in 
the messy lukewarm peace that 
has followed, the CSCE has 
slipped into obscurity. 

It has suffered in part from 
overblown expectations. Political 
leaders and national bureaucracies 
an wanted to load it with pet pro- 
jects. Its core structure has re- 
mained weak and unable to man- 
these activities wefl. And the 
seemed unable to deal with 
Europe’s most urgent security 
problems, in ex-Yugoslavia. 

But it has been quietly budding 

By John J. Maresca 

a record of useful innovation in 
the area of preventive diplomacy. 
It has shown it can help to head 
off the kinds of conflicts we have 
seen in the last few years; in this, 
it should be strengthened. 

CSCE monitors were actively 
watching over the human rights of 
ethnic Albanians in Kosovo until 
the Serbian government judged 
them too effective mid asked them 
to leave. A CSCE mission was the 
first to arrive in Skopje, the capital 
of newly independent Macedonia. 
CSCE missions in Estonia and 
Latvia are helping to defuse ten- 
sion between ethmc Russians and 
indigenous peoples. 

A CSCE mission in Georgia is 
seeking a peaceful solution to the 
conflict in South Ossetia. Tbe 
CSCE Minsk Group has created a 
face-to-face negotiating process 
to seek an end to the Nagorno- 
Karabakh war. The list goes on. 

The CSCE can go places 
NATO cannot, because it wields 
no militar y threat and in c lu d e s all 
the states of Europe, North 
America and the former Soviet 
Union on an equal basis. 

It can shap e its missions to suit 
specific situations, and its con- 
sensus procedures lend these mis- 
sions credibility. 

The CSCE has unique poten- 
tial for an effective ride in the 
newly independent states of the 
former Soviet Union, since aU are 
members and have signed on to 
its principles and procedures. 

The CSCE, alone among inter- 
national organization, has accept- 
ed the challenge of bringing these 
distant regions into a real rela- 
tionship with the international 
community and saving them from 
isolation, while helping promote 
CSCE values. 

Preventive diplomacy is by def- 

inition tedious and low-key. But 
it is far cheaper than peacekeep- 
ing, reconstruction or war. 

We need to strengthen this- pro- 
cess. The traditional functions of 
the CSCE need not be downgrad- 
ed. Its emphasis on human tights, 
economic liberty, role 
iw and democracy is more 
it than ever, 

To perform effectively, the 
CSCEneeds strong teadcz&np and 
a more developed -structure; and 
its operations should be . concen- 
trated in oneplace.The chairman- 
ship of the CSCE xotates- ttQQDg 
member countries’ foreign minis - 
texs on a one-year basis. But no 
foreign minister can give ihisjob 
the attention it requires. Foragn 
minister * in die chairman role 

rarely even visit Vienna, the 
CSCE’s main place of business. 

The secretary-general position 
currently has only administrative 
responsibilities and no real author- 
ity. It cannot provide necessary 

leadership. The CSCE has virtual- 
ly no permanent staff. Its institu- ! 
tions and meetings are scattered 
aU over Europe. These features 
should be corrected and the orga- 
nization’s structure streamlined. 

The next summit meeting of the 
CSCE, to be held in Budapest in 
early December, will provide an 1 
opportunity to strengthen the or- 
ganization and sharpen its focus 
on preventive di plomacy. 

Tilling CSCE member stales 
need to propose steps that will ' 
consolidate the organization's ac- 
tivities in one place under a full- 
time secretary-general of ministe- 
rial stature, and give that position 
die authority to guide the oigani- ' 
zation effectively. 

The writer, former U.S. ambas- 
sador to the CSCE, is a guest 
scholar at the United States Insti- 
tute of Peace. He contributed this 
comment to the International Her- 
ald Tribune. 

France and Algeria: When the Status Quo Is No Longer Supportable 

P ARIS — The United States 
has Sudan on its list of out- 
law states, saying that it spon- 
sors Islamic fundamentalist ter- 
rorism. France finds that a 
logical reason for getting on bet- 
ter terms with Sudan. Who bet- 
ter to talk with about the prob- 
lem of terrorism than those in a 
position, if not to call it off, at 
least to damp it down? 

A number of large conclusions 
have been drawn from Sudan’s 
handing over of Carlos the terror- 
ist to French justice. The princi- 
pal significance, however, is what 
it reveals — or, better, confirms 
— about French foragn policy. 
One of the two major preoccu- 

Islamic f undamentalism. (The 
other is France’s relationship 
with Germany, in the context of 
Europe’s development) Algeria, 
which until 1962 was a departe- 

By William Piaff 

merit of France itself, not a colo- 
ny, retains a special relationship 
with France in terms of the legal 
status of Algerians in France 
and their right to travel between 
the countries. 

France also has considerable 
investment in the Algerian econo- 
my, and until now has retained a 
significant influence in Algerian 
education and cultural life. 

AD of this is jeopardized by the 
attempt of extreme Islamists to 
drive all foreigners and foreign 
influences out of Algeria. 

The French also fear that a 
fundamentalist victory would in- 
spire not only much of the 
French-speaking intellectual and 
middle classes to lot* for refuge 
in France, but also thousands if 
not hundreds of thousands of or- 
dinary Algerians who do not 

want to live 'under the social and 
political repression of a funda- 
mentalist government 

The policy of Paris therefore is 
a double one. France formally 
supports the present military- 
backed “transitional'’ Algerian 
government’s harsh campaign 
against fundamentalist militants. 
(The fundamentalist Islamic Sal- 
vation Front won the first round 
of national elections in 1991; the 
government canceled the second 
round, and there has been mount- 
ing violence ever since.) 

France’s interior minister, 
Charles Pasqua, recently criti- 
cized Germany and the United 
States because fundamentalist 
militants are allowed to function 
there and publicize their cause. 
His police nave been rounding up- 
and interning Algerians in France - 

As With NAFTA, So Now With GATT 

out a doubt, BID Clinton’s 
success in mustering bipartisan 
support last year for the North 
American Free Trade Agree- 
ment represented the peak of 
his effectiveness as a national 
leader. The NAFTA victory 
also enhanced his international 
credibility, and helped pave the 
way for another important trade 
success, which remains to be fi- 
nalized: the conclusion or the 
Uruguay Round of global trade 
negotiations under GATT. 

Against a background of un- 
sure direction in other areas, do- 
mestic and foreign. President 
Clinton’s NAFTA success was a 
shining exception, a prototype of 
the proper exercise of political 
power backed by a commitment 
to the principle that the public 
interest must be supported 
against narrow special interests. 

It required the president to 
confront some of the most en- 
trenched power bases in the 
Democratic Party, notably or- 
ganized labor as symbolized by 
Lane Kirkland’s AFL-CIO, and 
House Democratic leaders. Ma- 
jority Leader Richard Gephardt 
and Majority Whip David Bon- 
ier, who are closely identified 
with the unions. 

In the course of constructing 
the NAFTA victory, Mr. Clin- 
ton also had to take on a hostile 
coalition of strange bedfellows 
— Ross Perot, the consumer ad- 
vocate Ralph Nader and the 
America- faster Patrick J. Bu- 
chanan. The anti-NAFTA cabal 
insisted that Mr. Clinton was 
out to destroy U.S. jobs. 

Despite Mr. Perot's scary 
warning that one would hear u a 
giant sucking sound” as Ameri- 
can jobs were transferred to 
Mexico, Mr. Clinton wisely un- 

By Hobart Rowen 

demood that NAFTA, to the 
contrary, was an economic stim- 
ulus package for the United 
States. While it might cost some 
American jobs here and there, it 
would produce a vastly greater 
number of new, better-paying 
jobs at home. 

He was right On Thursday 
the Commerce Department an- 
nounced initial NAFTA results: 
for the first six mouths of 1994, 
growth of exports to Mexico and 
Canada created an estimated uel 
additional 100,000 jobs in the 
United States. Much of that can 
properly be attributed to the 
changes triggered by NAFTA. 

As of June 30, only 4,820 
Americans were able to claim 
that NAFTA had cost their 
jobs. So much for Mr. Perot and 
his “riant sucking sound.” 

U.S. exports to Mexico and 
Canada grew mote than twice as 
fast as exports to the rest of the 
world. For the second month in 
a row, U.S. exports to Mexico in 
June, at $42 billion, exceeded 
those to Japan. As befits a mu- 
tually beneficial treaty, imports 
from Mexico and Canada aiso 
were higher. 

The American export gains 
since NAFTA have been across 
the board, but especially nota- 
ble for automobiles. In the first 
five months of this year, ex- 
ports of cats to Mexico totaled 
12,830, compared with 3,630 in 
the same period of 1993, an 
increase of 241 percent. Union 
leaders ought to find a hum- 
bling message there. 

It has been plain for many 
months that NAFTA is living 
up to the expectations of its 
backers. In Mexico, economic 

growth in the second quarter 
was the fastest in two years, 
stimulated by a big bulge in 
manufactured exports. 

Thus, some wonder why Mr. 
Clinton, needing a success story 
to counterbalance the negative 
effects of the Whitewater inves- 
tigation and other personal at- 
tacks, has not been pointing 
with pride to NAFTA 

It’s no mystery. The White 
House must be careful not to mb 
it in. If Mr. Clinton brags loudly 
about how successful NAFTA 
has turned out, be will be saying 
how misplaced were the worries 
floated by Mr. Kirkland, Mr. 
Gephardt and Mr. Bomor. The 
president desperately needs their 
support to help salvage health 
care, the crime bill, the rest of 
his legislative agenda and fm»i 
approval of GATT. 

But he can’t get all this legis- 
lation through just by relying 
on Old Democrats. As A1 From 
of the Democratic Leadership 
Counri] recently pointed out, 
the president needs help from a 
broad coalition, just as be had 
with NAFTA 

He has an opportunity here, 
but it won’t be easy. To be suc- 
cessful in obtaining GATT con- 
firmation by Congress, he will 
have to win the backing not 
only of the old pro-NAFTA co- 
alition but also of a group of 
pro-environment members of 
Congress -who want the a dmin , 
istration to ensure that protect- 
tion of the environment will be, 
a priority in future trade discus- 

in this direction*?) satisfy^ 
environmentalists, he risks los- 
ing support from Republicans, 
who don’t want the environ- 
ment tied to any future deals. • 
The Washington Past. 

thought to be imiceri. to funda- 
men talis t rinKtancy. 

However, the ranch are also 
reinsuring. There have been com- 
plicated and ambiguous transac- 
tions conducted in obscurity be- 
tween France and Sudan, some of 
them allegedly facilitating the Su- 
danese government’s war against 
the Christian and animist peoples 
in southem Sudan who resist the 
country’s Muslim government 

France's intention is to gain 
Sudan’s help in dealing with the 
Algerian fundamentalists. Not 

with fflraDa-— Mhaf couldbc done 
in a Paris restaurant — but in 
influencing them. 

The supposed theoretician of 
Sudan’s mm taiy government is a 
Paris-andr London-trained Mus- 
lim intellectual and academic, 
Hassan Tourabi, now dean of 
the Khartoum University Law 
School, formerly a high govern- 
ment official. He is accused by 
many in the West, as well as by 
the Algerian and some other sec- 
ular Arab governments, of being 
an ideologist of terrorism. 

However; he is himself quoted 
as criticizing tbe Iranian revolu- 
tion for its Tack of maturity and 
of values.” He says the funda- 
mentalist government of Saudi 
Arabia is merely a family dicta- 
torship, where, among its other 
faults, “the situation of women is 
very bad.” His own country, he 
sajo, is Dying “an experiment 
which has only begun,” but which 
is meant to avoid the excesses or 
errors of Iran and Saudi Arabia. 

The French believe that he is at 
least a man the West can talk 
with, while acknowledging (as a 
profile of him by the French jour- 
nalist Gxlles Millet observes) thgt 
“ a double language,” 
ishr lending support 
to the demands of the most radi- 
cal fundamentalists abroad and 

“af firming to the West that he is ' 
capable of coo trolling them." 

It is a characteristic French.. 
policy, supple and realistic in' 
French eyes, duplicitous or im- . 
moral to others. But it is a coher- ■ 
ear policy, one consistent with 
what always has been France’s- 
policy in postcolonial Africa. 

Hie French position is conser- 
vative, in the sense described by • 
tbe 19th century American writer " 
Ambrose Bierce. He said the con- - 
servative “is enamored of existing 
evils, as distinguished from the. 
liberal, who wishes to replace'' 
them with others.” 

The French have always at- * 
tempted to maintain stability ' 
and order (and peace) in their ' 1 
African zone of influence by** 
supporting the powers in place, - 
so long as those established pow- ' 
ers did not become totally repel- 
lent. When that happens, Paris*' 
tries discreetly, usually but not 
always with success, to facilitate 
their replacement. 

That, of course, is what was. 
going on in Rwanda earlier this 
year, when France brokered the 
power- sh a rin g arrangement be- 1 
tween Hutu and Tutsi that was ^ 
destroyed by the murder of the' 
presid ents of both Rwanda and * 
Burundi, who had agreed to the 
arrangement. Genocide followed. ■ 
It is reasonable to surmise that . 
this is what is going on with re- • 
sped to Algeria. 

Paris is considering the future. ■ 
The present Algerian govern-, 
meats days clearly are num- 
bered. The power that succeeds 
has to be acknowledged and l 
dealt with — and influenced. - 
The gift to Paris of Carlos was 
mwely an incident in events - 
larger than himself. He was a 
goodwill gift. He might even be 
called a victim of terrorism 
International Herald Tribune. 

® Angeles Times Syndicate. 


1894: Pneumatic Gan 1944* 

NEW YORK — A test of a new 
pneumatic gon was made yester- 
day [Aug. 21] at the Sandy Hook 
oving grounds. A charge of 
31b. of dynamite was fired a 
mile and a half. There was a tre- 
mendous explosion, which 
raised an acre of water to a 
height of 100ft 

1919: League to Brussels 

PARIS —The seat of the future 
League of Nations is to be moved 
from Geneva to Brussels. The of- 
ficial announcement of the 


Befeian.Gov«ooment. The reason 
for the dedacm is to be found in 
the discontent of gallant little 
Belgium with the. treatment that 
she received attite hands of the 
Peace Conference and also ques- 
tions of convenience. 

— [From ou 
roric edition:] Reports or f 
to Paris between German 
and French patriots usin 
aftfflery were followed 
^ a Nazi thief 
Radio Pans to use “thu 
drastic measures to sma 
attempt at an uprising.” 
same time General Joseph 
Koemg, newly appointee 
tary Governor of Paris, a 
De Ganllist admnustrati 
pcsled anew to the populs 
nmam calm and disdpliai 
a few days more." Radi< 

broke another day-long sil( 

to SennM 
Resistance to kw and o 
Jeered,” die spoi 
ratd. “The German Army t 

J?™* 5*** measures 

Press acts of civilian insubr 


Page 7 


By Ruth Marcus 

By that measure, tteQmtanj'Whfre House is flat 
broke when, it comes to Its dealings with the 
reporters who cover it ! . ~ 

To borrow a phrase from the law of libel, the 
Clinton White House often seems follow- 
ing a pattern of knowing or reckless disregard 
for the truth. Apparently putting its short-lean 
political interests ahead 
fails to provide trustworthy' information, wheth- 
er out of inability; rmwHimgpess or both. Exam- 
ples of this mdmatipa range from trivial to 
significant, bmthwarolegton.. ' 

Why was the entire White House travel office, 
fired? The WhiteHouse claimed it was forced, to 
act after discovering a pattern of shocking mis- 
management and inissmg funds. In fact, Jater 
developed, the tfisxrrissals canje.after a CHntdn 

job — just as finding thing s out is the 
It. is perfectly natural for the White 

odds. But 

.. , made 

inadvertently , it should be quickly corrected. 

; ;A minor example from last week is a case in 
point. For a story on Mr. Clinton's search for a 

new^White House counsel, a senior official au- 
thorized to apeak for the White House twice 
assured me that Mr. Clinton had not yet met 
wifi* the man he ultimately chose for the job. 

with Mr. MDcva, that was its choice. But if it 
chose to rocak, it had a duty to speak accurately. 
- The Waite House e ornmimiratify u: pffjpn has 
been much criticized, but it is not the villain in 
thi$:tale. And as Chief of Staff Panetta weighs 
. revamping the offices, it would be wrong to thTnic 
that tins problem wffl be solved by installing new 

aide maneuvered to get the. travel office job far • there. Consistently, the communications 

office has tried to provide correct information. 

We expect political whoppers from 
presidents . But facts providedbytke 
White Bouse shouldbe accurate. . 

herself, Bill Clinton's dose friend, Hany Tho- 
mason, complained about the office.opccations, 
and Hillary Rodham Clinton suggested that it 
was time to get “bur vedpW m there. 

How did HtDaxy Cbnton make S 1 00,000 trad- , 
mg commodities? The While House first refused 
to reveal the size of her initial investment. Then* 

it disclosed thatishc startcJwith SI, 000. It ini-, 
dally said she managed to parlay that nrimmal 
investment into $100,000 by studying the mar- 
ket, reading The Wall Street Journal and cpn- 1 
suiting with her friend fim Blair. When that-, 
explanation was greeted with skepticism, the 
story changed again — she relied almost entirely 
on the advice of Mr. Blair, who executed most ! 
of the trades for her. 

But it has been stymied and stonewalled by 
people, elsewhere in die administration who have 
made command decisions not to tell the commu- 
nications office the full truth. 

Senior officials and the Clintons themselves 
have remained silent as officials who speak in the 
name of the White House relayed inaccurate 
information to reporters. 

- .Consider the case of the Whitewata- papers 
removed from Deputy Counsel Vincent Foster's 
office. A year after the fact, the White House 

- disclosed that those papers were given to Hillary 
Clinton’s chief of staff, Margaret Williams, who 
took them to a closet in the White House resi- 
dence, whence they were later turned over to 
the Clintons’ personal lawyer — an account 
ftoroughiy at odds with a series of eariier White 
House explanations. 

After Mr. Foster died in July, the White 
House explained that documents from his office 
had been divided into two categories; official 
papers, which were parceled out to others in the 
covmseFs office, and Mr. Foster’s personal par 
winch were given to his family’s lawyer, 
the White House left out — deliberately, it 

Islands Across America Where 6 Do Notf Is the Law 

C HICAGO — This summer the 
VS. Supreme Court struck down 
an ordinance in Ladue, Missouri, that 
prohibited homeowners from posting 
signs on their property. 

suit against the town was 
, it by a resident who had been 
in 1991 for putting an anti-Gulf 
War poster in her window. 

The court held that residential signs 
are a venerable means of comm uni ca- 


don that "reflect and animate change 
in the life of a community.*' 

Yet for 32 million Americans, this 
decision means nothing. The right to 
post signs remains one of many that 
1 in their homes. 
: people live in common-interest 
developments: tightly controlled com- 
munities of condominiums, co-ops or 
single family homes. The communities 
ate set up by real-estate developers and 
ruled by homeowners’ associations 
whose main interest is protecting prop- 
erty values, not constitutional rights. 
Many of the 150,000 homeowners’ 

By Evan McKenzie 

associations in the United States have 
banned signs, children, spouses below 
a certain age, pets, day-care centers, 
satellite dish antennas, the use of one’s 
hack door, pickup trucks and even 
goodnight kisses on front steps. 

And they have done this with impu- 
nity. The US. Constitution protects in- 
dividuals against the "state action" of 
governments at aD levels (as in Ladue), 
but courts view homeowner associa- 
tions as voluntary, private organiza- 
tions. Yet the boards of these associa- 
tions (which are usually unpaid and 
elected from the residents) wield the 
same power as city councils. 

They collect taxes and provide 
public services, including police pro- 
tection, street cleaning, snow remov- 
al, trash collection and park adminis- 
tration. They enforce detailed codes 
of behavior and property mainte- 
nance through fines and liens on 
residents' homes. 

In effect, these common-interest de- 
velopments have private governments 

that are unchecked by many civic laws. 
In this public policy vacuum, they 
have become a regulatory Franken- 
stein's monster, seeking to eradicate 
any behavior that might conceivably 
pose a threat to property values. 

Developers and homeowner associa- 
tions say residents have consented to 
obey the rules before buying their 
units. But in many cases that consent 
is hardly voluntary. 

Because common-interest develop- 
ments are often the most affordable 
housing available, many people may 
have little choice but to live in them. 

In Orange County. California, the 
median price of a common-interest 
home is S45.OO0 less than that of a 
ang le-family house. Developers keep 
the prices low by squeezing more peo- 
ple onto less land — they build narrow 
streets and replace large individual 
yards with communal spaces. 

And cities and towns are only too 
glad to allow developers to build 
neighborhoods with their own parks, 
roads and sewerage systems, allowing 
the city to collect more properly taxes 
without increasing public services. 

As a result, common-interest devel- 
opments are the fastest-growing form 
of new bousing in America. David 
Gibbons, the former president of the 
Community Associations Institute, 
the industry's leading trade associa- 
tion, said m 1992 that by the year 
2000, 25 percent to 30 percent of 
Americans would be living in commu- 
nity associations. 

And the more these associations 
grow, the more vital it is that they be 
subject to government regulation. 
Constitutional protections are mean- 
ingless if they do not apply in your 
own home, and when powerful private 
organizations act like governments, 
they should be treated as such. 

Otherwise, each development 
should be required to post a sign; 
“Warning: You are leaving the juris- 
diction of the U.S. Constitution. 
Check your rights here, and lake them 
with you when you leave." 

The writer, author of “ Privatapia . " 
leaches political science at the Universi- 
ty of Illinois at Chicago. He contributed 
this comment to The New York Times. 


What About Sanctions? P*°f ess . bc the . vc [y Blockade of Armenia 

and not attached to the Israeb- 
Regarding “On a Continent of Syrian one, should be given se- 
Chaos, a Success Story” (Aug 5): nous consideration. 

The White House also said ai first that Mrs. latex emerged — was a third category of papers 
Clinton lost money on a second trading account, .transferred to the din ton family lawyer, 
only to declare that “inoperative” when it dis~ - ' Months later, reporters learned that a 
covered that she actually reaped a $6,500 profit.; -Whitewater file was among the documents re- 
Anri Prggjtfenf flfi-ii nn «<pc pa-fe d- tbat Ms wife- : moved from Mr. Foster’s office. The White 

never taken place. . . 

Was one helicopter or two used in the famous 
golf outing by a senior White House aide? One, 

White House officials gamdy insisted to report- 
ers, until discovering, to their chagrin, that 
a second was involved. '' 

Did the president voluntarily turn over 
Whitewater papers to the Justice Department, or 
was he subpoenaed? Voluntarily, the White 
House said for weeks. Then its spokesmen dis- 
covered that department lawyers had been about 
to subpoena the files and that die president's 
outside lawyer had been busy negotiating the 
terms of the subpoena. 

What was the tepfc of discusscra when Depn- 
ty Treasury Secretary Roger Altman met with 
top While House officials altout The- Madison ... Whitewater hearin 
Guaranty investigation in February? Only apro- emerge.’ Finally, wfc 
cedura! briefing on the statute of limitations, the meats. White House 
White House masted. As ibe; Whitewater bear- 
ing showed, the meeting also featured a heated , 
discussion, taking np as much as half thesessron, : 
on whether Mr. Altman should step aside from 
overseeing the sensitive-case^ : 

Did the president have any-guests at Camp ’ - 
David when he spent a weekend there in late - 
June? No, the White Hptisesaiid --- until it made 
the big announcement, a few hours later, that 
Leon Panetta would be the new chief of staff and 
had been at Camp David with Vice President * 
and Mra M Gore discussing the new job. 

The subject bon is not the political whoppers ■ 
that are the province erf any president, such as. 
pro clamations of frill .confidence in an official 
who is in fact halfway out die door. Nor is it the 
simple refusal to information, that the 

White House wants to keep secret. Administra- 
tion o fficials understandably decline to com- 
ment all the tune about subjects that they con- 
sider too sensitive forjmblic discussion. Keeping . 
some things confidential is the administration's 


was no mention of Margaret Williams’s role or 
the fact that the documents had been taken to 
the White House residence. 

At her press conference in April called to an- 
swer all questions about Whitewater, Mrs. din- 
ton: was asked 'directly about rumors that Ms. 
Wiffiams had removed documents from Mr. Fos- 
ter’s office. ‘Tdon’t think that she did remove any 
documents,” the first lady said. Bernard Nuss- 
baom, then the White House counsel, “reviewed 
the documents, and . . . distributed the files ac- 
costing- to whom he thought should have the- 
m...: and there were these personal files of ours 
that went to onr lawyer.” 

Eariier this month, prompted by hints in doc- 
aments released in connection with the 
S, the real facts began to 
ten asked about the docu- 
ments, White House officials derided it was time 
iq^etcot the true story. But by then, a story of 
nd- app aren t significance had become newswor- 
thy,’ because the press realized that the Clintons 
and their rides had put out a series of incorrect 
accounts about what happened to the papers in 
Mr. Foster’s office. 

In the process, the White House reinforced the 
aura of intrigue that has surrounded Mr. Foster’s 
death and, as many White House officials rueful- 
ly concede; helped fuel the Whitewata- story. 

Nineteen months of repeated falsehoods and 
half-truths have corroded the relationship be- 
tween (bos White House and the reporters who 
cover it. The corrosion breeds cynicism among 
reporters, winch in turn contributes to a siege 

The report stales that “a low- 
level insurgency" in Rhodesia 
“forced toe white regime of 
P ri m e Minister Tan Smith to no- 
lle a turnover of power" 
: is, however, nearly unani- 
mous agreement among the 
“pros” mat international pres- 
sure played a rede, probably the 
major role, in tire Rhodesia de- 
nouement. Indeed, this is regard- 
ed as one of the signal successes 
of international sanctions. I my- 
self heard Ronald Reagan’s na- 
tional security adviser, Robert 
MacFariane, praise “the peace- 
ful handover of power in Rhode- 
sia” as one erf Jimmy Carter’s 
foreign policy accomplishments. 


Rochester, New Yorie. 

Lebanon and Peace 

A side agreement in the Syri- 
an-Israeli track would commit 
Israelis to disarm the South 
Lebanon Army and Syria to 
disarm Hezbollah. Both sides 
would hand their weapons and 
seized territory to the Lebanese 
Army, which would be the sole 
presence on Lebanese territory 
to maintain security. 

Israel and Syria would then 
withdraw all of their troops from 
Lebanon. Fresh elections in 
Lebanon, under international 
supervision, would allow the for- 
mation of a government of na- 
tional reconciliation. Such a gov- 
ernment would then move to 
secure control of all Lebanese 
territory, including the northern 
border with Israel The govern- 
ment could then sit with Israel at 
the negotiating table and fmalfre 
all outstanding issues before 


Regarding the news analysis sgaine a peace treaty. This 
"Syria May Ask for Lebanon as -would bring a lasting peace. 

mentality inside the White House. To judge from 
the public opinion polls, that is hurting the 
administration at least as much as it is annoying 
the White House press corps. 

The writer covers the White House for The 
Washington Post 

Price of Peace” (Aug 9) by Jo- 
seph Fitchett: 

Indications that U.S. officials 
might go along with a deal in- 
volving Syrian control over Leb- 
anon in return for peace with 
Israel will seriously undermine 
the role of the United Slates as 
guarantor of a comprehensive 
peace in the Middle East. 

There can be no lasting peace 
in the Middle East if the Israeli 
and Syrian occupation of Leba- 
non is not brought to an end. 

The Lebanese themselves 
would not accept any settle- 
ment that did not restore Leba- 
non’s independence. Lebanese 
liberation movements, such as 
that erf General Michel Aoun — 
Lebanon's legitimate prime 
minis ter, toppled by the Syrian 
Army in October 1990 — and 
other Lebanese opposition par- 
ties, now conducting a passive 
nonviolent resistance, may find 
themselves forced into active 
resistance like that of Hezbol- 
lah in Lebanon. 

The suggestion that the Israe- 
li-Lebanese track of the peace 

New York. 

The Council of Laban ese 
American Organizations is deep- 
ly troubled by this report, which 
is based on remarks of Arab and 
U.S. diplomats. We are outraged 
that anyone would even contem- 
plate such a trade-off. In a letter 
dated Aug. 1, President Bill 
Clinton assured our organiza- 
tion that he had affirmed to 
President Hafez Assad of Syria 
U.S. support “for a sovereign 
and independent Lebanon, free 
of all foreign forces." 

Chairman. Council 
of Lebanese American 
Organizations. Cleveland. 

The Syrian relationship with 
Lebanon is way beyond hege- 
mony and little short of annex- 
ation. Why would President As- 
sad want to contemplate a 
trade-off with something that 
be already has? 

Abidjan, Ivory Coast. 

Regarding the editorial "Fo- 
cus on Azerbaijan” (Aug. 12): 

The decision by the U.S. 
Congress to restrict aid to Azer- 
baijan has to do with Azerbai- 
jan's blockade of Armenia and 
not “ethnic politics.” The 
blockade is a violation of inter- 
national law. If anything, the 
sanctions should be tightened. 


Croydon. England. 

After the Nation-Stale 

Regarding “ The Nation-State 
Is Declining but No Replace- 
ment Is at Hand " (Opinion, A ug. 
4) by Nicholas Colchester. 

The nation-state rostered co- 
lonialism and the subjugation 
of continents, as well as two 
murderous world wars and the 
wrong-headed notion of “my 
country, right or wrong.” That 
it may be fading should not be a 
cause for sadness. But the force, 
or forces, that may replace it 
rightly make us uneasy. 

Are such thing s as the possi- 
bly strengthening United Na- 
tions. the halting steps of Europe 
to create some sort of union, and 
the rise of regional economic 
groupings such as the Associa- 
tion of South East Asian Na- 
tions portents of a brighter to- 
morrow? Or are they merely lip- 
service oa the way lo‘ an 
increasingly repressive future? 
Are Bosnia and Rwanda waves 
of a coming anarchy, or are they 
anachronisms on the way to a 
better world? Only time and the 
actions of right-minded men and 
women will tell. 


Manchester. Connecticut 

The Tide of Competition 

Regarding “ Singapore Telecom 
Opposes U.S Call-Back Firms ” 
(Business/ finance, July 26): 

We have slated publicly on 
numerous occasions that we are 
pro-competition and recognize 
that global competition in tele- 
communications is an irrevers- 

ible tide. We do not wish to go 
against this tide or shut it out, 
otherwise we lose our competi- 
tive edge as a telecommunica- 
tions and business hub. 

We welcome strong links 
with the United States, Europe 
and Japan as business partoers. 
We are prepared to meet any 
challenges bead-on and plug 
ourselves into the world, even If 
this affects Singapore Telecom. 

Call-back and international 
callin g card services are just two 
of many types of services which 
will compete against Singapore 
Telecom. We recognize the im- 
practicably and futility of trying 
to shut out these sendees. Sin- 
gapore Telecom, like other es- 
tablished carriers, knows that 
its best response to competition 
is through better service and 
more aggressive pricing. 

Telecommunications Au- 
thority of Singapore, as (he na- 
tional telecommunications 
regulatory authority, is con- 
tinuing to develop the neces- 
sary regulatory framework to 
keep pace with these changes 
and to facilitate the introduc- 
tion of the latest technology 
and services for the benefit 
of ail users. 

For the Permanent Secretary 


Footwork May Be Vital 

Regarding ‘'Jarring Prospect for 
U.S. Golfers: A Foreign Sian” 
and "Europeans Making Inroads 
on LPGA Tour, Too ” (Aug: 9): 

There is much speculation 
about the decline of .American 
golfing dominance. It’s really 
quite simple. Tomorrow's goff 
greats come from the teenage 
golfers of today. European 
youngsters rarely ride in golf 
carts, American youngsters 
rarely don’t. 

While walking the course, 
one develops an appreciation of 
the unique challenge of each 
shot. One develops a better un- 
derstanding of the lie of the 
ball, the lay of the land and the 
effects of wind and water. 

If (here is a mystical (rea( 
in the game of golf, it lies in the 
footsteps following a whimsical 
tittle white bail, a quest power- 
ful enough to bring a temporary 
hiatus to today’s split-second 
modem pace. 

America's best chance may 
be to convince clubs in other 
countries to increase tee-off 
turnover by buying U.S.-made 
golf carts. Lei’s bring them 
down to our level if we can’t 
live up to theirs. 







The Letters of Paul Bowles 

Etbted by Jeffrey MiUer. 604 
pages. $30. Farrar Straus Gir - , 

erary and mnsical worlds, and 
he was a tireless correspondent. 

Indeed, the letters he sent to 
literary celebrities as an un- 
known teenager from Queens 
provided his ’entrfce -into those 
worlds. “I was sure from your 
letters that you were an elderly 
gentleman.* Gertrude Stein 
told him wfierifae showed up on 
endary long before be be- . her doorstep. “A highly eccen- 
came popular. Author of- “The' trie gentleman,” added Alice B. 

Reviewed by Jack Sullivan 

Sheltering Sky” and grand old 
man of the Beat Generation, he 
was unknown to the general 
public until fairly recently; but 
as Gore Vidal put it, he was 
“famous among those that were 

famous” half a century ago: “In 
some mysterious way, the art-, 
grandees wanted, if not the ad- 
miration of the Bowleses (sel- 
dom granted), their tolerance.’* 
That is one reason these new- 
ly published letters — about 
400 of them, selected from more 
than 7.000 pages — are a major 
publishing event and an endless 
source of fascination. As writer 
and composer. Bowks knew 
just about everybody in the lit- 


Editor Jeffrey Mjffier is thus 
only slightly exaggerating when 
he calls these letters “a chroni- 
cle of the avant-garde for the 
better part of the 20th century.” 
Here are vivid, ironically ob- 
served sketches of - Cyril Con- 
nolly, Aaron Copland, Leonard 
Bernstein, : W. H. Auden, Wil- 
liam Burroughs, Allen Gins- 
berg. Virgil Thomson, Carl 
RuggleS, Efoi Kazan, and many 
others. We also get shrewd com- 
ments on the ideas and work 
habits of Bowles’s many collab- 
orators, Including Tennessee 
Williams, William Saroyan, and 
Bowte’swife, Jane, all of whom 

he wrote stage music for; and 
more recently Bernardo Berto- 
lucci, who filmed “The Shelter- 

"^roviding intimacy but also 
distance, letter-writing has al- 
ways been the ideal format for 
Bowles, the ultimate expatriate, 
who has spent 50 years living in 
Tangier and other outposts. 
“One of the pleasures of being 
away,” he wrote Peggy Glan- 
ville-Hicks about his many 
friends, “has always been that I 
could have news of all their 
scrabbling* and at the same 
time be preserved from taking 
part in the scrimmage.'' Eventu- 
ally, the “scrimmage’' came to 
him, evoking decidedly ambiva- 
lent feelings, as when the Gins- 
berg-Burrougbs entourage 
came to Tangier in the early 
'60s: “The Beatniks have invad- 
ed Tangier at last,” be wrote his 
parents. “Every day one sees 
more beards and filthy blue- 
jeans, and the girts look like 
escapees from lunatic asylums.” 

Written between 1929 and 
the present these letters can be 

as ceremoniously formal as 
Bowles's public persona or as 
surreal and off-the-wall as his 
wildest fiction. 

The most personal and 
touching are the letters to Jane 
Berries during her protracted 
illness. They are always surpris- 
ing. Jean Cocteau “smokes opi- 
um every day and claims it does 
him a great deal of good. 1 dare- 
say it does.” William Burroughs 
is America's “foremost humor- 
ist ” One of the funniest letters 
is a mock-fascist diatribe from 
1931. in which he declares thai 
“all workers are born to be 
crushed.” His fellow lefties 
would not forgive him. nor were 
they amused when he explained 
that he had been out getting 
drunk the day before with Ezra 
Pound and had meant the 
whole thing as a joke. 

The most haunting letters 
communicate the solipsist ic ec- 
stasy Bowles experiences in the 
Sahara. The sense of place is as 
powerful as in his travel essays. 
In Morocco, Bowles wonders 
“if Poe, in his most extravagant 


9 Sonia Rykiel, the designer, 
is reading "Le Sexe et I'effroi" 
by Pascal Quignaxd. 

“ Reproductions of frescoes 
from Pompeii, Naples and Sicily 
illustrate eroticism, fear and lust 
in ancient Greece and Rome. 
The beautifully written text is 
giving me a mystic, organic in- 
“ht into the fascinating history 

(Margaret Kemp. IHT) 

hallucinations, evokes any 
landscapes more to his liking 
than this one 1 see from my 
window on nights of full 

It is in this endless desert, this 
“puritanical Eden.” that 
Bowles tracked down the Anda- 
lusian, Berber, and other forms 
of Moroccan music that he re- 
corded for posterity. The letters 
on these musical explorations 
have an exhilarating sense of 
discovery and are themselves 

musical masterpieces: “And 
when you have a hundred or 
more of those incredibly high, 
piercing, birdlike voices doing 
flamenco-like runs in different 
keys, from different minarets, 
against a background of cocks 
crowing, you have a very special 
and strange sound.” 

Jack Sullivan, chair of Ameri- 
can Studies at Rider University, 
wrote this for The Washington 

By Robert Byrne 

beat Oleg Romanishin in 
the quarterfinals of the PCA 
world championship. 

The Chigorin Defense to the 
Ruy Lopez arises after 10...c5. 
It breaks open the position, af- 
ter 12 Nbd2, with 13 cd 
ed 14 Nd4 Re8 15 Nf] Bf8 16 
Ng3 Rc8 17 b3 d5. An and 
avoided that by closing center 
early with 12 d5. 

Before Anand could gain 
space on the queenside with 16 
a5 17 b4, Romanishin did his 
best to limit the mobility of the 
pawns in that sector with 16 ba Nc4 17 Bel Na5. 
But Anand's 18 Qd3 threatened 
to mount pressure with 19 Na3, 
20 Nfd2 and 21 Nac4. 

Romanishin played 18...c4 19 
Qe2 Qc7 20 Ba3 Nb3. 

Romanishin’s 22...Bd7 was 
countered by Anand’s 23 Ne5! 
On 23...b2 24 Rabl Ba4, Anand 
offered the exchange of queens 
with 25 Qo4f, but Romanishin 
declined since 25 Qc4 26 Nec4 
Rfb8 27 Nb2 produces a win- 
ning endgame for Anand. 

•Anand was wary about trap- 
ping a piece with 32 g3. But be 
did not mind securing his center 
with 32 f3!? even though this 
weakened the dark squares in 
the neighborhood of his king. 
He was satisfied to have the 
position after 37 Reb2, where 
be retained his extra pawn and 
his protected passed d5 pawn 
far outweighed the passed but 
insupportable enemy a5 pawn. 

Anand's 46 R7b3! was a key 
part of his squelching Romani- 
shin's attempts at counterplay 
because 46...Qg3? could now be 
smashed by 47 f4. 

Romanishin’s self-weakening 
50...g5 was a deliberate effort to 
obtain counterplay. After 51 


U O I 

Position after 61 ... g4 

I!, Romanishin could not 
follow through with be- 
cause of 52 Rg4 Qd8 53 Qd4 f6 
54 Nf4. 

Anand destroyed the defense 
with 58 Ne5! fe 59 Rg3 and 
supported his d7 pawn after 
S9...Rfd8 60 Rdl Ra7 61 Rgd3. 

After 61-.g4. Anand played 
62 Qc6! Since 63 Rh3 
Qg7 64 and 62...QM 63 Qe6 
Raa8 64 Qe7 Kh8 65 Rg3 were 
both annihilating, Romanishin 
gave up. 










1 H 


r n 


2 NO 


13 Ml 


3 S05 


34 Re2 

R «c8 

4 BM 


35 Nce3 


5 OO 


36 Nf5 


6 Ret 


37 Reb2 


7 B03 


38 Rb7 

8 c3 


39 dE 


9 h3 


40 d7 


W 3c2 


41 Nd4 


11 M 


42 Ng3 

12 05 


43 Ne2 


13 b3 


44 Nc3 

14 84 


45 Nd5 


15 B63 

16 be 



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47 Ril 


17 Bel 




1ft Qd3 


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si Raj 

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54 IS 


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55 Kht 


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V 7 

26 Bb4 

27 082 

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57 NgG 

58 NeS 




59 Rb3 

SO Rdl 


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R lee 

61 R®d3 

62 QcC 






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International Herald Tribune 
Tuesday, August 23, 1994 


Nfcatae Awn/IHT 

Subway Stylists Grace N ew Y ork 

By William Grimes 

New York Times Service 

N EW YORK — At the 1 16th 
Street subway station, near Co- 
lumbia University, riders have a 
choice. They can plop down on 
the standard-issue seats, or they can sit in 
“Railrider’s Throne,” a steel artwork de- 
signed by Michelle Greene, and wait for 
the train in regal postmodern splendor. 

Arts for Transit, a program of the Met- 
ropolitan Transportation Authority, 
placed “Railrider's Throne” in the station 
three years ago. Like the revolving cube in 
Astor Place, the heroically proportioned 
chair, which follows the station's diamond 
tile motifs, has won a following. Riders 
approach, circle and appraise it. Some sit. 
Others watch. The thing is popular. 

It is also on its way to becoming the rule 
rather than the exception in the aty’s sub- 
way stations. Since 1985, Arts for Transit, 
New York’s least orthodox commissioner 
of public art, has placed SO works in the 

people love art and want it in their lives.” 

whether they want it in the subways or 
not. Arts for Transit is giving it to them, in 
a wide variety of forms, created by artists 
known and unknown. 

The Westchester Square-East Tremont 
station on the No. 6 East Sic 

subway stations, the stations of the Lcrag 

Island Rail Road and the Metro-N< 
Commuter Railroad and the Brooklyn- 
Battery TunneL Forty more artworks have 
been commissioned or are in the planning 

So far. Arts for Transit's permanent pro- 
gram has installed more than $2 milli on 
worth of art, extending geographically 
from R. M. Fischer’s giant Deco clock at 
the entrance to the Brooklyn-Battey Tun- 
nel to Orlando Briseno's cast-al uminum 
relief sculptures on the platform columns 
at the North White Plains station of Met- 

“I believe there are two places where it's 
important to have art: one is schools, the 
other is subways,” said Wendy Feuer, the 
director of Arts for Transit “I believe 

Side IRT line in 
the Bronx has a stained-glass triptych by 
Romare Bearden that shows a blade train 
rattling along the trades against a cityscape 
rendered in jewel-like colors. For the Long 
Island Rail Road Te rmin al at Pennsylva- 
nia Station, Andrew Leicester created 
“Ghost Series,” ceramic murals that evoke 
the vanished architecture of the old Penn- 
sylvania Station designed by McKixn, 
Mead & White and tom down in 1963. 

At five stations on the J and M lines, 
Kathleen McCarthy designed “Five Points 
of Observation,” monumental wire-mesh 
heads projecting outward from the wind- 
screens that run along the platforms. For 
the atrium space at the south end of the 
34th Street station near Macy*s at Broad- 
way and the Avenue of the Americas, 
Nicholas Pearson created “Halo,” nine 
hand-coded al uminum spheres that look 
like arrested planets. Most recently, a 
sculpture by Maya Lin, “Eclipsed lime,” 
was installed in the same te rminal. The 
transportation authority has published a 
free color guide to its permanent art, “Art 
en Route.” 

-euer said. “The city got a percent-for-art 
law, and the MTA under 

1 percent of the construction budget of 
public but 

For each station that the transportation 
authority has decided to place art in, an 
artist is cho6en by a panel generally con- 
sisting of two arts professionals, one artist 
and an architect from the relevant transit 

New York is not the only American city 
that puts ait in the subways. Boston has 
been doing it since 1978, primarily through 
the Arts on the Line program. There are 
programs in Los Angeles, Miami, Seattle, 
Atlanta and Portland, Oregon. 

But New York’s is the largest, in part 
because the transit system is the largest, in 
part because the arts program is driven by 
the transit authority’s slation-rehabilita- 

The Annual Oxford Summit 

i’o*. \ } - i ?. 


Renowned scholars and corporate leaders assess 
the global business climate 

Three days to refresh your mind. A creative blending of business and intellectual 
perspectives. A chance to challenge conventional wisdom and gain new insights. 
These are the opportunities presented by the annual International Business 
Outlook conference. 

The calm and reflective atmosphere of Oxford University provides an 
ideal setting from which to view the challenges of this increasingly complex 
business environment. 

The conference closes with a special dinner at Blenheim Palace. Our 
distinguished guest speakers will be: 

E W, de Klerk 


Ruud Lubbers 




.taC 1 ’- 

rert y 




Fax'- v 

Hemingway Revival at the Ritz 

By Mary Blume 

International Roald Tribune 

P ARIS — Making its contribution 
to the celebrations of the libera- 
tion of Paris, the Hotel Ritz will 
re-open its Hemingway bar on 
Aug. 25, the day 50 years ago that the 
writer “liberated” the Ritz^ 

According to legend, Ernest Heming- 
way, wearing his war correspondent's uni- 
form accessorized by a Sten gun, personal- 
ly took two prisoners and considerable 

liquid refreshment By the next day, when 

_ fellow correspondent announced she was 
off to sec the victory parade, Hemingway 
advised her not to budge: “Daughter, sit 
still and think this good brandy. Yon can 
always watch parades but you’ll never 
a gain celebrate the liberation of Paris at 
the Ritz.” 

The Rue Cambon entrance of the Ritz 
having been closed for several years for 
reasons of economy and logistics, the 

Hemingway with bartender Berlin. 

opening of the Cambon-ade Hemingway 
bar marks a return to tradition as well as to 
profitable legend. 

In the okl days, the only Ritz bar was on 

the Cambon side (it is now the ^2*? 

combination discotheque ^ 

The smaller bar opposite, not 
way was a writing room where ladies wait- 
ttabk. In time, a wmterand 

" laiexbaitcndM’nained Bertin would 

the ladies drinks from the bar and m 1936 
the writing room became Benin s bar, 

open to both sexes. . 

■ 'Sentimentally profiting from its literary 
-associations (it claims not only Heming- 
way and Ftaasraldbut Sartre, Malraux, 

- ft^st and J. D, Salinger among, its pa- 
trons), the hold has announced that the 
Hemingway bar wffl be an evening literary 
haunt available not only for boozing but 
far book promotions and agnings and 

star-ga™ by those whose writing is con- 
fined to the signing of checks. Writers will 
even be able to receive their mail in care of 
the bar, provided they can pay the pnee of^ 
a drink. A special “Hemingway Bar Re- 
serve” of rum will be available, as well as a 
* -selection of tapas, all of it giving a new 
w»<a» to the phrase a moveable feast. 



I - 


Lion p r o g r am, which sets aside a percent- 
age of its construction budget for art 
(Nearly SI billion wQl go into improving 
the transit system between 1992 and 1996.) 

The seeds of the current program were 

planted in 1982. “Two things happened,” 

ler Richard Ravitch 
got its first capital program.” As a state 
agency, the transportation authority was 
not bound by the art law, which stated that 

public buildings should be set aside for art 

In 1985, Arts for Transit was established 
as a division of the transit authority. In 
addition to the permanent arts program, 
which is run by Sandra Bloodworth, it 
mounts temporary exhibitions, establishes 
exhibition centers that present shows with 
curators from lesser-known cultural insti- 
tutions and presents musical perfor- 

L OOMING over the entire enter- 
prise is a knotty question: What 
makes good subway art? The 
question has a practical and an 
aesthetic component. “Doable and dura- 
ble is our driving conce rn ,” Bloodworth 
said. In this sense, a good work is a sturdy 
work that requires no 

The art should also be popular. “1 think 
it’s important for the work to be visually 
accessible,” Bloodworth said. “It’s impor- 
tant that the public get it, although they 
don't have to on the first take.” 

The writer, outfitted as a war correspondent, checks a road mtip im jiis wery to. liberate th$ Jlitz 50 years ago, 

Learning to Fulfill the 

By Christopher Petkanas 

ARIS — Renting a saxophone at 9 

o’clock on a Thursday night for a 
cm’s Rita-Carbon ’ 


■ guest at Boston’s Ritz-canion was 
-JL a piece of cake compared with the 
creation of a niche for the kmg of Moroc- 
co’s chef in the basement kitchens of the 
Ritz in Paris. Considering that it was the 
hold’s two-star chef who was being passed 
over, the logistics required a lot of delicate 

And yet accommodating Hassan II was 
easy co mpar ed with satisfying a Mexican 


client at Paris’s Hdtel de Crilloii who want- 
ed the semen of a Limousin bull so that he 
could do his own breeding back home. 

Obtaining miKiraii instruments at seem- 
ingly unobtainable hows, conducting gas- 
tronomic diplomacy, godparenting bolls 
— all fall to the international hotel con- 
cierge, who does not appreciate being con- 
fused with the person behind the reception 
desk. Concierges are an expensive luxury, 
one of the most reliable indicators of the 
quality of a hotel. Of the hundreds of 
hotels in Paris, only 65 have them. 

In France, the route to the job used to be 
through the ranks. You were only awarded 
die full title of chef concierge and the full 
privilege of dealing with guests’ sometimes 
outrageous and amusing, often tedious 
and petty exigencies (“I want the color of 
my telephone changed — now’”) after 
having served as bellhop, errand boy, bag- 

gage handler, parking attendant, assistant 
concierge and oonaeige. 

He international Concierge Institute 
changed all that. Founded in Paris in 1984, 
it is the only concierge school in the world, 
according to its director, Pierre Bcrthet 
Traditional hotel schools ave instruction 
in trout-office reception skills but nothing 
tailored to the post of concierge. The insti- 
tute offers men and women aged 18 to 25 
the road to a life of longhorns on their feet, 
of dealing with oth» peoples* headaches, 

and of grnflrng 8GTOS9 die dealr even if 

you’ve just had bad news about a favorite 
grandmother. (That’s one of the main 
things they teach you, to be nice no matter 

R nmain e Zen Ruffinen, who g radu a t ed 
in May and who is now assistant concierge 
at the Noga Hilton in Geneva, says it 
would have taken her 20 years to work her 
way up from bellhop. By the time she left 
the school, die had completely absorbed 
Berthef s dictum that a concierge must be 
prepared to do everything for a guest — 
unless if s illegal. 

Berthe^ who was never a concierge him- ■ 
self but did work as an Air France steward 
and was deputy chief of protocol at the 
Paris Chy Hall for seven years, insists on- 
absolute discretion. 

“The raison d’etre of the concierge is to 
be the confidante of the clientele,” fig says. 
“In this sense. he is the parallel of the 
barman. He hears from the guest a quanti- 

fy; of things. There is a tacit agreement 
among concierges that, in order to stay 
credible in this metier, one must never 
write one’s memoirs.” 

“See everything, hear everything and say/ 
nothing,” notes Jfer&me Palacoeur, who- 
graduated with Rnffinen. He was then 
young man who helped locate the bulk 
sperm . . 

The institutes candidates must have a ' 
high school or equivaleiit hotel school edit-' 
cation and write and speak reasonably wellr 
in two foreign languages. Tuition for the ' 
eight-month program is about $4,250. TheT- 
institute’s uniform, which is obligatory, is j 
composed of a Wade blazer and gray trou-^. 
sera or a black skirt, and costs about $325*: 
A typical school day would include mom-'* 
mgs working as apprentices in a Paris hotel; 
and afternoons studying in the classroom 
diction, body languag e, geography, securi- > 
ty and medical procedures. *s 

The institute, which is nonprofit and is* 
recognized by the French Education Min- 1 
istry, is dSficolt to get into. Three out of' 
Toot applicants are refused; only 206 stu- 
dents have completed the Paris course so* 
far., A Budapest branch of the school w a& - 
openedin 1986 and others in Montreal and ! 
Tokyo are to open in 1995 and 1996, re~ 

• t • . 
-L. I 

' : + 


Christopher Petkanas is writing a history 
the New York decorating firm Parish- 

The English Muffin Goes Gallic 

-v.v* i 

By Dana Thomas 

P ARIS — It began on a 
whim. Michael Healey 
was in Amsterdam for 
New Year’s two and a 
half years ago, when he decided 
to pop down to Paris. During a 
whirlwind tour, he met a gul 
and thought, why not stay on, 
learn French and hang out? He 
was in limbo, having lost his 
shirt m real estate. 

But ever the itchy entrepre- 
neur, he couldn't just hang out 
He is the man, after all, who 
came up with the No. 1 gift hem 



In Paris 

Also, Sales 
on Summer Collection 


8, rue de Sevres, 

Paris 6th 

of 1979: the shiny brass tire 
gauge m its own velvet pouch. 
And this is the man who invent- 
ed the Mini-Mag flashlight. 

“I had todo something,” says 
the 39-year-old New Jersey na- 
tive. “I thought, my back- 
ground & marketing and manu- 
facturing. My biggest passion is 
food. Hmmmm. Maybe baiting. 
Maybe ITJ make bread.” 

that, he soon realized, was 
truly a case ot c ar ry i ng coal to. 

His solution was the item 
known to Americans as the 

F.n gtish muffin, 

“There are only two types 
available here,” he explained. 
“A brand from England, which 
tastes awful, and one imported 
from America, frozen. There 
were no- fresh muffins, good 
muffins, anywhere.” 

So be embarked on a tour to. 
find and make “the quintessen- 
tial English muffin.” He started, 
in London and traveled all-over 
England, “only to find out that 
the English really don’t eat 
English muffins.” 

then one day looking in an- 
cient cookbooks in a library. He 
found a recipe dating bade to 
the 1600s. He also found a 

statement by a master baker 
from 1900: “English muffins 
aren’t much of an English item, 
anymore. .They’ve become an 
American product, because of 

all the refined flours” 

“Now” he says, ..“I under- 

Off to the United States he 
. went to ask bakers about Eng- 
lish limffiiis, particularly the 
well known Thomas brand. 

/Oh, yeah, Tvc 
been tp the factory, but I can’t 
say anything.' They’ve all 
$igned_9ecTpcry agreements.” 

Fmalfy, he settled on a recipe 
front ms grandmother, and' 

named his company after her: 

He found an former -archi- 
tect’s studio in the 5th arron- 
disseszeat, behind the Sor- 
bonhe, and _ turned it into a 
bakery. T&txpcrimeuted with 
the reqpe foe more than a year, 
using aH natural ingredients. 

cfcetip otgugpr. No preserva- . 
’tiwe (Eat gives the product a . 
fanny taste.” .. 

Whcni he was satisfied with 
the product, he presorted it to 
American restaurant owners in 

■frtns. “The first thing they did ’ 
was cut it with a knife!” he 
cried. “1 had to keep explaining 
them apart with a 
fort Finally, he reahred he’d 
just have to make them pre- 

The problem was a that it 
machine costs 
5150,000. “There isn’t much de- 
®and for them,” he said with a 
inrug. He built his own instead,' 
with pnBeys and screw* and -au 
lot of ton e. “There’s a. saying" 
{““opE entrepreneurs,'’ he 
«Hghs. “There’s no real secret 
totticce^Only perspiration.” 
wow, his maffins have re- 

JJnE? 3 in.the burger** 

at Marshall s restaurant on Av-* , 
enteFiankfinD. Roosevelt, are’ $ 
“der the poached eggs Bene- 
jfcft at theCafe de Mars in the 
“hanoodrsrement, and at Sam 
Sydney 1 * Coffee 
hbop and Henry’s. In October, 
he hopes to sefl them packaged 

^^ennaikets amfgroceiy 

Aud what about the girl? 

^be s stiB In the picture,” he 

r. - 


V • ... 


j .. 

V • . 

•■S' ’ »*■ 


. >7 1 - 

iff?? is a writer 

oosea at Paris. 



\ \ 








Tofo: Cloudy, v*Ab *xr«f braid; 
moderate (rimb 

tarroim Tatei4»r *»*- **■- B 

Detailed Report o a P*|t 14 

iritmuc L ^moN Y 

Vox- CIV No. 35.710 

(errrttkl, IXI, 

Nf* Y*rk Trlbiuw lu, 



n NW am CHy 

AmericansYeer East 

North on Seine to Trap Nazis Anew; 

W ithin 

Peace Views 
Presented by 

Russia, Britain and XJ. S 
Outline Objectives fit 
Dumbarton OaksParley 

Aims for an Hour 

Hull and Dulles Prepare 
.for .Conference Today! 
!on International policy 

By 'Geor ge Polk 

WASHINGTON, Aug. 22. —The 
Big Three, conference on plans lor 
a poet-war peace and security «r- 
ganlnUon got down to buxines 
today at Dmubarton Oaks with 
two dosed meetings, during which 

the chief delegates ot Sovfet:Rux- 
tio. Great Britain and the United 
States presented. In. that order: the 
views of their „ governments.. an 
methods lor Mining peaceful re- 
lations mww| thnudns when 
the present war has been won. 

Edward B. Stettinlus. Jr, Under 
Secretary of Shite and Chief dele-, 
gate of the atM^ow group, who 
was elected permanent chairman 
of the conference yesterday in 

the first day of the meeting, pre- 
sided over today's, motnira; and 
afternoon sessions. 

fleer, who wffi keep reporters in- 
formed regarding the progress of 
the informal conversations, said 
that there had been no dfisnsskm 
of the statements of the three 
chief delegates, although there 

7 Restaurateurs Fined 
$775 JoTipirty Classes 

Seven restaurant - proprietors 
accused of, supplying unclean 
glasses to their customers were 
;flMd a total tf *775 by .Magistrate 
Peter A..Aheles in Bowery Court 
yesterday and wive, reprimanded 

sharply for violating “a sort of 
trusteeship of the public health." 

Asserting ibat T lhie usual fines 
at *5 or *lfl imposed in .such cases 
are usually of no purpose." Mag- 
istrate AbelesjMt penalties of *50 
to. *150. He, brushed aside the 
labor -shortage pica, of several of 
the restaurant men by telling them 
that it would not present such 
problem "if you paid suitable 
wages. 11 ' 

Those fined. -In what agents of 
the Health Department described 
as a city-Wide drive, were Peter 
Uarketos. . 30 Madison Street. 
*250; Avis Furman, 205 Wail 
Street, $125;. David Sherman, 416 
fBroadwoy, *125; Robert Bauer, 93 
park Row, *125;. Jacob Schrager, 
240 Canal Street, *100: Alhanaslos 
Pm pal os, 201 'William Street. 
*100, and John Volpool, 170 Park 
Row, *50. • - 

House Votes 
Set-Up for Sale 
Of Surpluses 

Bill forOneJffanAulhorily ; 
Senate Measure Throws 

From (fa NtnU Tt Ihu farm 

WASHINGTON. Aug. 22.— The 

The American group’* press oir.JBtouj!^: without a record vote. 

were requests lor clarification and 
elaboration of certain points. 

Benitore Urge fad Peace 
White the delegate* were con- 
ferring at Dumbarton Oaks, the 
Senate heard an hour-long discus- 
sion of international relations. 
Senators representing both major 
political parties spoke In favor of 
a lost peace and an International 
organisation which would protect 
that peace lor all nations, large 
ynd man- At the same time 
Cordell BUS, Secretary of State, 
and John Poster Dunes, represent- 
ing Governor Thomas E. Dewey 
at New York, the Re publican Presi- 
dential nominee, were preparing 
Jar their conference tomorrow; 
during which they wQi discuss 
Am e rican foreign policy. 

-Senator Tom Co pn a B y, Demo- 
crat, of Texas, chairman of the 
Rynafcf Foreign RdatloasComialt- 
tee, said that it was difficult to ap- 
preciate the tremendous signifi- 
cance ot the Big Three discussi ons , 
"I think the outcome of this con- 
ference will mean either that we 
fh«n go forward-in the es t abli sh - 
meat ot peace machinery or that 
we ,1,,n miserably fail in one of the 
greatest underta kings with which 
this nation has ever been confront- 
ed." Senator CannaBy said. 

Rffawy Sanctions Planned 
Sea tor Arthur H. Vaadenherg. 
Republican, of Michigan, a mem- 
ber ot the same committee, 
cured Senator Robert A. Taft, Re- 
publican, of Ohio, who raised the 
point, that Mr. Hull had Informed 
the bi-partisan Congressional com- 
mittee which has been conferring 
with State Department officials on 
(Continued on page 2*. column 4) 

pass ed and sent to the Senate late 
today * bfll providing for the dis- 
posal of government surplus war 
property estimated at *60.000.- 
060.000 to * 

Passage came after six days of 
debate, and while the bill adhered 
to the recommendations of the! 

Russians Win 
Iasi, Aim for 
Ploesti Oi 

Go 38 Miles, Kill 25,000 
on Front in Romania, 
Dormant Since April 

Patch’s Army 
Closes Ring 
1 1 About Toulon 

Reaches Sea West of Pori 
and Fights in Streets; 
Gains 20 Miles in Day 

It Is Part of Drive-Northern Column 
To Free the Balkans Drives for Avignon 

Russians Also Fighting 
to Isolate East Prussia, 
Report Border Crossed 

Op The AiMctaM frtii 

LONDON. Aug. 22.— Two new 
Russian offensives on the long- 
dormant Romanian battleground 
have gained thirty-eight to forty- 
four miles oc a 156-mile front, 
capturing the* big industrial city of 
Iasi (Jassy) and costing the Ger- 
mans 25.000 dead and more than 
12.300 prisoners in Uiree days. 
Moscow announced tonight. 

Two orders of the day from 
Premier Stalin and the regular 

By Russell Hill 
. || WlrctesJ tm Ik* RmW T/IImi 
CtprriiM. ism. Hot TmI TrlMac Xtt. 
ROME! Aug. 22 — In another 
day of astounding suc c ess e s the 
7th Army swept forward today as 
much as twenty miles In southern 
Prance against increasingly disor- 
ganized German resistance, and Its 
commander. Major General Alex- 
ander M. Patch Jr, called upon 
every officer and enlisted man for 

Soviet communique confirmed thefonlntemipted continuation of their 

Baruch-Hancock report to the ex- } 

new offensives which the Germans 
bad been reporting since last week 
end. and disclosed that the 2d and 
3d Ukralnlan front armies of Gen- 
erals Rodion Y. Malinovsky and 
Feodor Totbukhin bad swept up 
more than 350 towns in the initial 
stags of their attack. 

Quiet since last April, these two 
powerful armies apparently were 
'ai mi n g at the Ploesti oil fields. 
Germany's chief source of petro- 
leum. now 160-odd miles southwest 
of the battle lines: Already the 
Russians were less than sixty-five 
miles from the Danube River. 
Gains on Other Fronts 
On other fronts the Russians 
announced steady successes in an 

tent of placing the authority in 
the hands of a single administra- 
tor, the measure was amended by 
the House In several major details 
wholly at variance with the sug- 
gestions made to Congress by Wil- 
liam L. Clayton, present Surplus 
Pr oper ty Ad mi nistrator. 

At the same time the Senate 
[Military Affaire Committee voted 
favorable report on a surplus 
property bill for Senate considera- 
tion, beginning tomorrow, which 
threw the Baruch report out of the 
window and placed control of sur- 
plus property disposal in the 
hands of a board of eight mem- 
bers, to be appointed by the Presl- 
(Contmucdonpage 15, e alumni) 

Today's Job Opportunities 

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apparent campaign to slice off 

W.irsaw and northwestern Poland 
frinn Bast Prussia, and extension 
of a sharp-pointed wedge Into the 
center of Estonia, while combating 
German counter-attacks on the 
Latvian gap position west of Riga. 

Between Warsaw and Blalystok 
the Soviet communique announced 
capture of the large highway Junc- 
tion town of Zambrow. fourteen 
miles southeast of Lomsa. This 
represented an advance of fifteen 
miles from previously reported 

Nearer Warsaw the Russians 
thrust . suddenly northwestward 
and c bared the Germans from the 
south hank of the Bug River along 
f Continued on page 10. column Sj 

News on Inside Pages 


Allied armies race to capture 
new V-2 bomb sites. Pace * 
De Gaulle is cheered by 25.000 as 
he talks at Rennes. Face 3 
Americans pin Nazis against the 
coast in freeing Alx. Face 4 
Allies hammer ofl refineries at 
Silesia and Vienna. Page 4 
Army calls for an explanation of 
war reporters' mister. Page S 
F. F. X. leaders are planning 
France's 4th Republic. Page 5 
Nazi spokesman tells Germans 
only luck can save army. Pare 6 
Negro troops speed supplies up to 
front lines In Prance. Pace 7 
Chinese TNT sheers off moun- 
tain and Japanese fort. Pace 9 
War communiques. Pace * 

Brownell says union members 
revolt against P.' A. C. Page 28 
Dewey to carry his campaign to 
West in September. Page 28 


Cardinal Magllrme. papa! Secre- 
tary of State, dies. Pace 14 


Yankees turn back Tigers. S — 7. 

with 6-run rally in 5th. Page 20 
Giants acme over Cubs. 9— a. 

halting rally in ninth. Page 20 
Pirate^ down Dodgers. 7—5. with 
three runs In 7th. Page 20 
Eternity wfiis in Tonawanda 
puree by lli lengths. Page 21 
Proa join amateurs today inTatn 
o' Shan ter golf. Page 22 

Another Viewpoint, by Edward 
Gross. Page 20 

■rMkhn Flrtl. |IW v Ihr 

dik* policy ot to* Bfooum smu — Ad,t - 

Chesley ouster stands, additional 
charges ore made. Page 10 
Nazi seaman, posing as Ameri- 
can. held In a spy ptoL Pace 10 
Stimson favors universal mili- 
tary training In peace. Page 10 
Life net saves maid in leap from 
10th floor apartment. Page 11 
320 war items are listed as nec- 
essary to soldiers now. Page 15 
Hines to be paroled Sept. 12. but 
must avoid politics. Pace 16 
Baby, boro lifeless, resuscitated 
after 3 !? hours. Pace 17 
W. L. B. upholds two-man crews 
on the Fifth Ave. busesPsgel7 


Army withdraws restrictions on 
soldiers' reading. Pace 10 
Roosevelt praises labor's role in 
helping to win war. Pace ll 
Retraining plan Is stricken from 
the reconversion bill. Pace is 
Judd calls Nelson's mission an 
"insult" to Chinese. Face is 
International agency urged to 
raise output of food. Page 28 



Editorials IB 

Sumner Welles 17 
Major Eliot* . . 17 

In Short « 

Sullivan 17 

Bridge 13 

Webster . ...21 
“Mr. and Mrs, "2 6. 
Nature star/. 13 
Puzzle 27 


Books IS 

[Fashions 13 

Food 13 

[Society 19 

Amtisenrts.12. 13 
Fresh Air.... 14 
[Real estate . 

Radio 25 

.Obituaries ... 14 
Financial .22-25 

TUf.*»r* a na**T new WnWh|i^» 

•MAW* VWWWWOW inumjift "K1BWXV 

Another Is 5 Miles From 
Etang de Berre, to Cut 
Marseille Escape Road 

puTimum energy and endurance 
so that the enemy may not have 
time to recover. 

French reconnaissance elements 
under General Jean de Laltre de 
Tossigny were reported lonlghL 
within three miles or the great 
port of Marseille, whose liberation 
by them may be expected at any 

Other French farces had com- 
pleted encirclement of the naval 
base of Toulon by reaching the sea 
eight miles west of there. Inside 
the city street fighting raged 
against the trapped German sol- 
diers and marines defending the 

Fan Out From Alx 

American troops completed oc- 
cupation of the important com- 
munications center of Aix-en- 
Provence and fanned out from 
there in several directions, arriv- 
ing within five miles of Uie Bung 
de Berre. When they have covered 
the remaining distance to the 
shores of this sale lake the Ger- 
mans will have only one escape 
route left from Marseille— along 
a narrow strip of land separating 
the lake from the 
Par northward, the American 
column which advanced from Per- 
tuls had reached the outskirts ot 
Uie town of Apt. only thirty mites 
from the Rhone River at Avignon. 

I An Associated Press dispatch 
from London quoted a Mutual net- 
work co r respondent as saying in a 
broadcast from Allied advance 
headquarters that Allied recon- 
naissance elements were reported 
"just outside Avignon."] 

The whole front moved inexor- 
ably westward and northward 
against the Germans, wbo were 
(Continued on page 2. column it 

Allied Chiefs Map New Offensives in a French Hayfield 

AiMdiUt Fmi atreplMM Iran Stsaal Carps radio* hato 

Sitting before a map an a French form at they pf«* fWr » trategy far the nets Allied drier* ore. left to 
right: Lieutenant General Omar N. Bradley, commander of the 12th Army group-. General Sir Bernard 
L. Montgomery , Allied groan d chief i Lieutenant General Sir Miles C. Dempsoy, of the British 2d Army, 
end Lieutenant General Courtney U. Hodges, of the United Stales 1st Army 

Allied Landing 
Is Reported in 
Bordeaux Area 

Paris Patriots Reported Using 

American and French' 
Columns Meet and Open' 
a Co-ordinated Attack 

Nazis Threaten Drastic Measures to Stamp Out 
Resistance; Koenig Appeals to Gty for Calm, 
Promises Hour of Freedom Will Soon Strike 

a, Tht AwaclaM Pros 

HENDAYE. Prance. Aug. 22-— 
{French military authorities said a 
third Allied landing in Prance 
started tonight in the area or Bor- 
deaux. which was reported under 
a co-ordinated attack by Ameri- 
can and French columns. 

I There was no immediate con- 
firmation in other Allied or Axis, 
quarters of a Bordeaux landing 
General Dwight D. Elsenhower's 
supreme, headquarters has been 
silent upon the progress of 
spearhead from the American 3d 1 
Army since it broke ten mil 
south of the Loire River from the 
Nantes area earlier this monlh.l 
American and French ground 
forces met on the outskirts of Bor- 
deaux about noon and immediately 
launched an attack on the city, the 
last pocket of organized German 
resistance in southwestern Prance. 
French frontier guards said. 

i Bordeaux, Franc*.- fourth larg- 
est city, with a population of 2SB.- 
000. is a major Atlantic port 110 
miles north ot Hrndaye and 170] 
miles south of Nantes on the Loire 

The American forces were said 
IContivued on pap e 2. roiirwm 6J 

By Eric Hawkins 

Free, ike lirreU Trikmmt Psrraa. Cspprtpkt. tfU. »*m Tort Trftaar 1st. 

LONDON. Aug. 22.— Reports of fighting in Paris between German 
troops and French patriots using light artillery were followed tonight 
by a Nazi threat from Radio Paris to use "the most drastic measures 

' to smash any attempt at an up- 

Petain Believed 
Vichy by Nazis 

Marshal a Virtual Prisoner 
in Belfort With Laval 
After Bowing to Gestapo 

Last Germans Out of Florence, 
Partisans and A.M.G. Rule Gty 

Or W Irrleu ts the PrrsU Trtkass 
cawmtit. N ‘* * erS Trtta»n« lac. 
ROME, Aug. 22. — All Florence 
has been freed of the Germans by 
the 8th Army, whose patrols are 
being rushed out beyond the con- 
fines of the city, according to an 
announcement today from the 
headquarters of General Sir Har- 
old R. L. G. Alexander. 

The successful conclusion or the 
battle for the beautiful Tuscan 
capital, a living museum of Italian 
Renaissance art. follows a period 
of nearly two weeks during which 
the city stood in constant danger 
of becoming a battlefield and hav- 
ing its Irreplaceable art treasures 

All this time the 8th Army was 
exerting pressure against the flanks 
of the enemy on each tide of 
Florence, while within the City 
Italian Partisans clashed repeated- 
ly with German snipers. Only small ! 
arms were used. Both sides rt-‘ 
trained from resorting to aerial or 

ir tou ArraxeiATB ihu wily 'j 

..mill iprriirlr, ferFMMfttlnf ■«*■»«*«, 
Ctnl-IC Jl flWI . A»w TBlk. 

min MOM'i Biwrr-Barim The ftrrrMh 
Crmu"- Brrncmr Trier » 1 < prrrr m fml 
bclort. Hut Mimuaa *t UKUiplWL-MTk 

artillery bombardment against the 
city proper. 

During the final stages the Par- 
tisans. who are extremely we]) or- 
ganized there, practically ran the 
city. They co-operated with Al- 
lied Military Government officials, 
who crossed the Amo bringing 
food to Uie population, while these 
officials, in turn, dealt with the 
Partisans as recognised local au- 

Only when the «th Army’s pres- 
sure. combined with the Partisan 
activity, had forced the Germans 
to retire beyond the city limits 
did the fighting troops enter Plor- 
fnM »nd pass through in order 
to continue the pursuit of the 

Eye-witness reports from Flor- 
ence indicate that no damage has 
been done to the cultural monu- 
ments since the original demoli- 
tion of the Arno bridges by the 

r Cob fi« ucd on page J. column 2 1 

:5 BEHi SSfaPSR 

ll rac Auectmtrd Pint 
LONDON. Aug. 22.— Aged Mar- 
shal Henri Philippe Petain. Vichy 
Chief of Stale, was kidnaped from 
his Vichy villa by the German 
Gestapo Sunday and now, along 
with Pierre Laval, is virtually a 
prisoner of the Germans at Bel 
fort In eastern Prance, a reliable 
report from the Prench-Swlss bor- 
der said tonight. 

Petain was reported to have 
readied Belfort near the Swiss- 
French border Monday afternoon 
after being spirited across France 
by the Gestapo. An earlier report 
had said he was being held at 

At the same time Germans were 
reported massing upward ot 30.000 
troops around Belfort to defend 
the gateway to the Rhineland. 
Belfort is twenty-five miles from 
the Swiss border and an equa* 
distance from Germany. 

The Nazis apparently hoped to 
preserve a foothold on French soil 
for the government of Laval, who 
fled with them, in the face of the 
tide of Allied advance, to a place 
identified by Uie Nazis only ns 
another French town." A report 
Saturday said Laval has estab- 
lished headquarters at Belfort in 
an effort to escape attacks from 
the French Forces ot the In- 

The Algiers radio reported, 
however, that "violent fighting" 
already was raging at Belfort be- 
tween the Maquis (French pa- 
triots) and Germans and that the 
patriots had cut the Belfort-Paris 

The eighty 'tight-year-old mar- 
shal after four years of collabora- 
tion with the Nazis was uncere- 
moniously carried away with other 
members of his government, ap- 
f Continued on page E. oolumn 41 


At Uie same time General 
Joseph Pierre Koenig, newly ap- 
pointed Military Governor of 
Parts, and the De Gaullist admin- 
istration appealed anew to the 
population to remain calm and 
disciplined “for a few days more." 

Radio Paris broke another day- 
long silence to broadcast the Ger- 
man threat. “Resistance to law 
and order Is being offered." the 
spokesman said. “There should 
be no greater danger for the City 
of Paris than If the population 
were to listen to irresponsible calls 
for an uprising. The German 
Army will use the most drastic 
measures to repress acts of civilian 
insubordination and to smash any 
attempt at an uprising. For four 
years Paris has been the quietest 
city in France. Parisians, return 
to your work and maintain the 
normal activity of public lUe. 
Your lives and your city are at 

General Koenig told the popu- 
lation that complete liberation Is 
approaching and that nothing con 
be gained by rising against the 
Germans at this time. "It means 
Die useless sacrifice of good 
French lives." Koenig said. "I 
know what you have suffered and 
still arc suffering. Keep calm and 

( Continued on pope 2 , column 61 

Shell Lands Beside Him. 
With His Number On It 

R. C. A. /■’. Batman Unhurt by 
Fragment in Du gout 

(CP).— Its happened at last— a 
man got a shell which actually 
had his number on it. 

The man who proved the legend 
true was George McMtll&n. of 
Tatam&gouche. N. 8., batman in 
an R. C. A. F. Typhoon wing. 

A piece of Jagged shell casing 
the size of a silver dollar landed 
in a dugout beside him recently. 
He picked up the ugly piece of 
metal, looked at it and observed 
it bore "25750.” 

His eyes popped. 

He took out his identity card to 
convince himself. Yes. that was his 
Air Force number— 26750. 

Take Sens in 
Push to East 

Swing Beyond Paris on 
South in Surprise Dash ; 
200 Miles From Rhine 

Canadians Capture 
Deauville, Lisieux 

Americans Sweep Down 
Left Bank of Seine to 
Complete Encirclement 

ll m 4iHXtfiM Prtu 
Allied Expeditionary Force. Aug. 
22. — An American armored column 
has driven more than half way 
across France on the road to Ger- 
many, plunging past Sens, fifty- 
eight miles southeast of Paris, in 
a sixty -five- mile smash against 
meager opposition, a front dis- 
patch disclosed tanigbk 
Sens Is 1B0 airline miles from 
the original Normandy Invasion 
beachhead— much farther over the 
road of battle— and only 165 mfleo 
from the German border to the 
northeast near the Bear town of 
Neunkirchen. Germany also lie* 
due east, 200 miles away at the 

U. S. Tanks Smash On 
The American tank smash be- 
yond Sens carried across two 
rivers, the Loing and the Yonne. 
and represented the latest and 
perhaps most spectacular of a 
series of lightning armored thrusts 
which headquarters has permitted 
to be disclosed after a day or two 
of silence on the theory that they 
were so swift the Germans did not 
know exactly where they were. 

The Americans were racing be- 
yond Sens in the direction of 
Troyes, thirty-seven miles to the 
east, a large communication center 
on the upper Seine. Sens itself 
is a minor communications bub, 
lying on the Yonne near its conflu- 
ence with the Vanne. 

The movements of these forces 
had been hidden for some hours. 
The depth of their penetration, 
plus the information that it was 
against meager opposition, dis- 
closed that tile Americans under 
Lieutenant General Omar N. Brad- 
ley still were rampant on a grand 
scale without the Slightest evidenca 
ol being checked. 

Normandy Mop-Up 

Will Amtrlrt Uii i&« feta*Ua n T Or **>■■ 
KctiD*. fUtd n u Mifuin Biflit 

ranltv «f bU) ftrtblil In MflM'n TVhnltninr 
nil '-KISMET." rllh Kw»M CnlM*n Kir- 
taM OhUUO, hi the Mice n*k. — gtrL 

By John O’Reilly 

gp Wlrtleu to the Herald nibnae 

Cvprrtitu.« tmlThmu We. 

Driving northward in anothtf 
sweeping movement, American 
forces tonight were in the vicinity 
of Evreux, headed in the direc- 
tion of the mouth of the River 
Seine forty miles to the northwest* 
and the bulk of the German 7th 
Army, probably around 100,000 
men, was retreating eastward to- 
ward the same general vicinity. 

While the original enemy pocket 
near Argentan was still being 
cleaned up by British and Cana- 
dian troops, the Americans lost no 
time in dashing to the Seine and 
then turning to drive northward 
on the west side of the river. The 
Germans, having been threatened 
with complete encirclement once, 
anticipated such a move and threw 
out a defensive screen. But the 
Americans broke through the 
screen In several places, the first 
at Verneuil. from where they drove 
twenty-tiuee miles to the edge of 

Thus in one quick drive they 
had covered one-third of the dis- 
tance from the German defense 
screen to the Seine mouth. It also 
placed them only thirty miles 
from Rouen, on the lower Seine. 
Meanwhile. Canadian and British 
forces were keeping steady pres- 
sure on the retreating Germans 
from the west and American 
forces were lined up south of tfto 

hulorr: Burn* (K« I* V 1 °l-£? U . r - rn£ 
MOH'l "TM Sf> min Cwa .lUIIJM 
• Mactr trail. 

CM IW M CipUot— A4*l- 
* Mew VhitHwaMTitaxie. Reprinted 

AUGUST 22-27, 1944 
In the last days of August; as the 
Allies approached the city, the lmarmed 
population of Paris - reinforced by a small 
number of armed resistance fighters - rose 
against the occupying German forces. In four 

days of street battles and general 
insurrection, Paris was liberated. To 
new York herald TRiBtJNE 1 * 5 ^* commemorate these dramatic days, the 

International Herald Tribune is reproducing the 
w six front pages from the New York Herald 

• r 1 W Tribune chronicling the week of August 22 
-w' through 27, 1944. 

mm m* 



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International Herald Tribune World Stock index ©, composed of 
2B0 Inlemationafly hwesteble stocks from 25 countries, compiled 
by Bloomberg Business News, dan: 1, 1992= 100. 

120 - 

t 994 

■ Asin/Pacific 


Approx, weighting: 32 % 

Ckse 73101 Ptev .- 13245 
ISO — 


Approx 37 % 

OUSK 117.01 PrwutlW? 



W M A M J 

J A 

M . A - M J J A 



■ North America 

Latin Amoricc 

Approx meighfrg: 26% 


Approx 9% IBi 

CJoss: 94*59 Prw- 94JJ8 


Clofia; 145it PiW- 14327. Qjgg 

A*. : 

[ttl'VvV '- *JT' 'V; 


80 M A M J 

M A M J J A 



gi WmtdtndBX 

TIM Mat track* US. doft r iMuh o' stocks tv Tokyo, Mow Torts. London, and 
ArganOno, Austnrita. Aiukh, Belgium, a ml, Cttnatta. ChHa. Owmarts, Fintand, 
Franco, Gsnmny, Hong Kong, ItaTy, Mexico, NettwriMKls, NawZnetend, Monmy. 
Singapore, Spain, O wa d an. Sw l lt a rtand and VanaiHaM For Tokyo, New Yak and 
London, dm Max ia eottpoeed of the SO M Issues h Um of marie* cap Hal kada n , 
otherwise the ton top stacks am traded 

1 Industrial Sectors ! 

■ml Piwl % 

data dam etonga 

' Roil ' 





11259 11359 -035 

Capita! Goods . . 





13152 13026 +157 






11B.49 11737 +044 

Consoner Goods 




122.14 12258 +035 





Far mom tootmstbn about tho Indsx, a Booklet Is available free of charge. 

Wrim to Trib Index, 1ST Avbtcjb Cftartes de Gaute, 92521 Neullty Cedes. France. 

Corsa: GM Can’t Get Enough of It 

By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Next month, the Adam 
Opel plant of General Motors Corp. in 
the eastern readies of Germany win ex- 
pand production for the fourth time in a 
year of a car it was never even intended 
to build. 

The sprawling new Eisenach plant — 
already working three shifts — win take 
on more workers to meet demand for the 
hot-selling sew Corsa. 

Twenty months after its launch, the 
Corsa is proving a success of almost 
embarrassing proportions. 

Already mere are 800,000 of the 
sporty small cars on the road, with plants 
in three European countries now strug- 

forecast would only require one plant in 
Za r agoza, Spain, to satisfy. 

Since March, Corsa s also have been 

mlHng off the assembly line at GM T s unit 
in Brazil. Production is due to start in 
Mexico early next year. Beyond that, 
GM executives say they are considering 
production sites in Russia, China, South 
Africa, Taiwan and Thailand. 

*T would not want to work for a com- 
pany that builds accidental successes," 
said Manfred Wolf, executive director of 
passenger cars and light commercial ve- 
hicles at GM*S technical center near 
Frankfurt. Mr. Wolf started as a 15-year- 
old apprentice dietnaker and went on to 
head the team that created the latest 

He did, however, admit that the Corsa 
caught the company by surprise. “We aO 
Eked the car ngbt from the beginning, 
but we did not expect it to succeed to 
such, a degree outside Europe," he said. 
"We had not planned to build it in all 
these places.” 

The new Corsa was designed to fill a 
gap in GM7s European lineup. It hit the 
market almost a decade after its prede- 
cessor model first went on sale. With 
only two minor facelifts in that span, the 
old Corsa had gradually lost ground in 
Europe to fresher competitors such as 
Ford’s Fiesta, Renault’s Clio and Fiat’s 

The new Corsa remains ax the bottom 
of GWs model range in both price and 
size, but like its competitors, Corsa has 
grown up a bit. The new model is nearly 
25 percent longer than the one it replaced. 

But GM has pulled off another unex- 
pected coup with Corsa: It has designed 
and is building an inexpensive small car 
in Germany, one of the world’s most 
expensive manufacturing locations. 

Corsa has such refinements as air 
bags, side beams and a pollen filter in its 
See CORSA, Page 13 

Dollar Tumbles, 
Dragging Down 
Global Markets 

Strong Car Sales Bolster CITIC Profit 

CcepiJtd by Our Staff From Dupeucbex 

HONG KONG —erne Pa- 
cific Ltd, China’s main invest- 
ment company listed on the 
Hong Kong Stock Exchange, 
said first-half profit rose 46 per- 
cent on higher revenue from car 
sales, real estate, airline travel 
and telecommunications, said 
Lany Yung dri-kin, rhairman. 

cmc said profit was 1.17 
billion Hong Kong dollars 
($151 minion), up from 802 nril- 
Eon dollars in the 1993 period. 

Sales rose to 6.55 billion dol- 
lars from 6.17 billion dollars. 

The directors have recom- 

mended an interim dividend of 
13 cents a share, up from 10 
cents a year earlier. 

The rise in profit from associ- 
ated companies was more than 
enough to offset a 42 percent 
fall in operating profit before 
tax to 293.8 million dollars 
from 503.4 million dollars. 

The operating-profit drop 
was caused by a fall in revenue 
from the company’s Dah 
Chong Hong unit and interest 
expenses incurred by the Hong 
Kong Resorts acquisition, said 
Carl Wont analyst at broker- 
age James Cape] Asia. 

Dah Chong Hong is a trad- 
ing, retailing and vehicle-distri- 
bution company. 

CITIC has minority stakes in 
a range of large businesses in 
Hong Kong, including Dah 
Chong Hong, an automobile 
sales conmanv. airlines Drs- 

gonair ana Cathay Pacific Air- 
ways, Hongkong Telecom and 
Manhattan Card. 

The profit increase was high- 
er than expected by analysts, 
who had forecast growth of 
around 30 percent 

Vernon Moore, deputy man- 
aging director at CITIC, also 

attributed the 
mainly to profits derived from 
the Discovery Bay housing pro- 
ject in Hong Kong. 

In early February, CITIC 
bought 50 percent of Hong 
Kong Resorts, which owns the 
resort-style residential develop- 
ment on the more remote west- 
ern side of Hong Kong. 

CITIC Pacific is the Hong 
Kong arm of China’s biggest 
investment company. Beijing- 
based China International 
Trust & Investment Corp. 

(Knight-Ridder, Bloomberg 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
was dragged down Monday on 
renewed concern about trade 
tensions between the United 
States and Japan and sluggish 
demand for U.S. Treasury is- 

The dollar’s weakness cast a 
pall over Wall Street and Euro- 
pean equity markeis. 

"Sentiment is almost univer- 
sally negative on the dollar for 
the moment,” said Maxi Ged- 
des, treasury economist at Mid- 
land Global Markets in Lon- 
don. “The dollar's in a no-win 

The dollar has been under 
assault on all fronts amid the 
United States' trade troubles 
with Japan and signs that Euro- 
pean interest rates will not fall 
any further. 

After the Federal Reserve 
Board raised U.S. interest rates 
last week, many traders expect- 
ed the Bundesbank to follow 
through with an easing of Ger- 
man rates, narrowing the rate 
differential between the United 
States and Europe. 

But since the German central 
bank stood pat on rates last 
week, many traders have taken 
the view that there will be no 
further cut 

“In view of the economic re- 
covery, that is more than doubt- 

ful,” Helmut Scholz, president 
of the Association of Germa-j 
Mortgage Banks, said of the 
chances for a Bundesbank rate 

"There are still concerns that 
German rates have bottomed 
and no indication that UJS. in - 
terest rates will rise soon,” said 
Chris Furness, currency strate- 
gist at the market-consulting 
firm IDEA. 

The dollar finished in New 
York at 1.5284 Deutsche marks, 
down from 1.5397 DM on Fri- 
day. and at 97.85 yen, down 
from 98.68 yen. The currency 
also fell to 5.2380 French francs 
from 5.2745 francs and to 
1.2885 Swiss francs from 1.2955 
francs. The pound rose to 
$1 .5563 from $1.5490. 

The dollar also was under- 
mined by sluggish demand for 
U.S. Treasury securities. In late 
trading in New York, the price 
of the benchmark 30-year bond 
feD 25/32 point, to 99 13/32, 
taking the yield up to 7.55 per- 
cent from 7.48 percent 

The dollar’s demise weighed 
on European stock market sen- 
timent because many compa- 
nies were relying on solid ex- 
port demand to pull them to 
recovery. Profit earned in dol- 

See DOLLAR, Page 10 

CNN Discovers That a Picture Is Worth 10,000 Competitors 

dnumaffmaJ Herald Tiisune 

By Elizabeth Kolbert 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — CNN, the cable channel that 
altered the nature of television news, is finding it 
tough to compete by the very rules it helped 

So successful has the Cable News Network 
been in changing the television news culture that 
the broadcast networks, which used to hold back 
footage of international events for their own 
evening newscasts, now offer these images to 
their affiliates throughout the day. 

Rival cable channels, trying to emulate CNN’s 
accomplishments, now offer round-the-clock 
coverage of local news, entertainment news and 
courtroom news. 

Confronted with a persistent ratings slump, 
CNN has in recent months been trying out new 
strategies to win viewers, such as shuffling an- 
chors and introducing more scheduled programs 
along the lines of its durable interview show, 
“Lany King Live." But both analysts and com- 
petitors say the 24-hour-a-day news channel is 
facing a classic media industry dilemma: too 

much change and it risks losing its identity; too 
little, and that identity might not be worth 

“It’s a Hobson’s choice,” said Av Westin, 
senior vice president for programming at Time 
Warner. ‘'Their corporate persona is. ‘We’re here 
when news is breaking.’ If they loss that identity 
over the side, I think that’s a very serious prob- 
lem." On (he other hand, he added, "the same 
video of the same event that used to be available 
only on CNN is now available everywhere." 

CNN’s ratings dropped by roughly a quarter 

in the first part of the year. In the first quarter, 
before OJ. Simpson came along to give the 
channel a lift, CNN’s average prime-time audi- 
ence had fallen to about 500,000 households, 
according to Nielsen Media Research, down 
from about 693,000 during the comparable peri- 
od last year. 

Then, in April and May, the channel’s average 
audience is any given 24-hour period fell to 
roughly 250,000 households, the lowest level 
since 1982, when CNN began to receive ratings. 

See CABLE, Page 13 


Correction Seen in Malaysia 

By Barry Hin§ 
with Carolyn Ilm 


S INGAPORE — Malaysia’s stock 
market — which has bean surging an 
repeated rumors of an imminent gen- 
eral election — is expected to correct 
sharply lower once the long-awaited poll is 

fitnrg the rumors surfaced in ApriZ, the 

UloULvri 1UP mnuv uig ymiia vix 

well as better economic fundamentals a nd the 
softening of Malaysia's stance against foreign 
speculation in the ringgit. 

The Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange’s 
Composite Index ended at 1,150.20 Monday, 
its highest levd since Feb. 3, following a week 
of high volume. 

Monday's dose represents a gain of 190.26 
points, or 20 percent, since the April 2 dose of 

Once the election announcement is out of 
the way, probafity in the autumn, investors 
will be keen to take profits. 

Foreign investors wffl collect both on gains 
in equities prices and the stronger ringgit as 
they convert their profits bade into their 
home currencies. 

The election rumor is chiefly supporting 
the market because Prime Minister Mahathir 
bin Mohamad's pro-business coalition gov- 
ernment is considered sure to sweep back in 
- on the strength of the economy’s per- 

The market is following the classic pattern 
of “buy the minor, sdl the fact,” and it does 
not look as if anything can save it from a 
downward correction. 

• Fox example, recent six-month profit re- 
ports have helped cement the rally, but tte 
correction widely assumed to be coming this 
year won’t be influenced by second-half cor- 
porate results, because they won’t be released 
until catty 1995. 

It is unlikdy that the 1995 budget wffl pre- 
vent a postetection market correction, as the 
budget — as in previous years — probably will 
be issued on the last Friday of October, just 
before tire Hkeiy election announcement. 

Recent steps by Bank Negara, Malaysia's 
central bank, to ease bans on foreign specula- 
tion in the ringgit have been seen as attempts 
to restore overseas interest in Malaysia’s fi- 
nancial markets mid to keep stock prices 

But once the election is out of the way — 
probably in November or December — the 
government vriB have little reason to keep 
stoking the market 

Furthermore, in view of the index’s 20 
percent gain since April 1, Malaysian stocks 
now are trading at fairiy high price/ earnings 
ratios. Most issues are priced at more than 22 
times <mnnn l earnings. 

This situation makes the Malaysian stock 
mar ket one of the highest-priced in. Southeast 
Asia, making it even more vulnerable to prof- 
it-taking sales. 

The Kuala Lumpur market brushed off the 
U.S. Federal Reserve Board’s increase in in- 
terest rates last week, with hdp from the 
election rumor. But if the market begins to 
sense another U.S. rate increase after the 
Malaysian election, share prices may not be 
able to ignore that one. 

(Reginald Dale is on vacation.) 

LDDS Buys 
Unit From 

Bloomberg Businas News 

JACKSON, Mississippi — 
LDDS Communications Inc. 
made a definitive agreement to 
buy WilTd, the telecommuni- 
cations unit of Williams Cos., 
after sweetening its bid by $500 
million, to $2.5 billion. 

The deal, subject to regula- 
tory review, would create a 
long-distance company with 
about $3 billion in revenue that 
would challenge America’s 
three major existing carriers: 
AT&T Corp, MCI Communi- 
cations Corp. and Sprint Corp. 

Through more than 35 acqui- 
sitions over the past four years, 
LDDS has transformed itself 
from a relative unknown into 
the fourth-largest U.S. long-dis- 
tance carrier. The combined op- 
erations of LDDS and WilTel 
would have nearly 5 percent of 
the $65 biffion-a-year long-dis- 
tance market. 

For Williams, the sale will 
yield about $1 .6 billion, or $950 
million after tax. The company, 
based in Tulsa, Oklahoma, 
owns three interstate pipeline 
systems and natural gas gather- 
ing and processing facilities. It 
said it planned to expand its 
energy business, and its board 
authorized buying back as 
much as $800 million of its 
stock over the next 12 months. 



. • OJ*, FJF. Lira OR ILF. $JF. Yea 

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Eurocurrency Deposits 






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Key Money Rates 

United States 
p rim e r ate 
Federal MA* 
coma. ttsMr men* 
wear Tretaory um 

MrMrTrMKMT wto 

7-nur Tiwwrr Mte 

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iB-wer Tmai band 
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<PJ£ 9M0 TJOA 

I nates 

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* Si urn *SXB Juiwwew* 


Call money 

Wneate Mertmak 

Msuoft toJertw* 

mumA toterboak 

iMarflw W MdWWI 


Lombard rate 

CaB money 

vnMBtfc lirt e rtte* 


mobHi Merttmfc 

6 * 2 

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3 h 

1 4 

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call money 
j-moart> h*rt«* 
Fmontti latvfeaMc 

COB money 
Vmeurti Interboak 

tfiwWT . 

Sources: Reuters, Btoomberv. Merrill 
LrtKtt, Bank at Takra. Cemntartoaak. 
Gnamnii mattm:. Croon Lyonnais. 



New York 
UJ, donors per ounce. London official lU- 
bssi Zurleh and New r ark er*ntao and dos- 
ing prices; Now Yv* Co me* lOaecmaer.f 
Source: Renters. 




3 B 2 J 0 


+C- 7 S 

381 ifl 

38 U 0 

+ OJ 0 




Provisional Airport Authority 

Hong Kong 



Trie Provisional Airport Authority has been given the responsibility of developing Hong Kong's new airport at 
Chek Lap Kok. The project is now under construction and is targeted for completion in 1997. The airport will 
be sited on 1 ,248 hectares of reclaimed land and will be connected to the urban centres of Hong Kong 
through a network of new highway and railway links. The island will accommodate all activities associated 
with the operation of a major international airport. 

The Authority wishes to pre-qualify consultants with experience in 

(A) Computer-Based, Planned Maintenance System 

(B) Preparation of Building Services Maintenance Contracts 

(C) Developing Maintenance Policies, Procedures and Strategy 

(D) Evaluation, Specification and Design of Maintenance Facilities 

The Authority's preferred option is for a single consultancy to provide support on all of the above however 
consideration will be given to consultants offering services for one or any combination of these activities. 

Consultants and joint ventures, who must have a proven track record in providing the above services at 
major building complexes, are invited to apply by fax for pre-qualification documents to: 

The Operations Director, 

Provisional Airport Authority Hong Kong, 

25th Floor, Central Plaza, 

18 Harbour Road, Wan Chai, 

Hong Kong 

Pre-quaiification - Maintenance (Attn: Ms Stella Fok) 

FAX NO : (852) 802 8231 
TEL NO : (852) 824 7724 

Expressions of interest should be received by Friday, 23 September 1994, 12:00 noon (Hong Kong time). 
Pre-qualification documents will be Issued immediately upon receipt of expressions of interest. The deadline 
for the return of completed pre-qualification documents is Monday, 10 October 1994, 12:00 noon (Hong 
Kong time). All submissions should be in the English language. 

All costs associated with any submission in response to this notice are entirely the responsibility of the 
applicant organisation(s) concerned. 

The Provisional Airport Authority reserves the right to reject any application 
at its discretion and without explanation. 


; Page 10 


Dollar Doldrums 
Burden Wall Street 

Via AuodoJnd Pini 

Dow Jones Averages 





Indus 3744 J 3 37 JS.I I 3737 A3 3751 32 - 3 l» 
Trans 1581 X 6 1582 J 3 157146 157852 —OM 
Uffl 1 B 6 JS 6 18756 1 S 6 J 0 18479 — 0.99 

camp 179457 12997 * 179359 1297.12 - 2 JB 


* CmtpUaJ by Our Staff From Dopatcha 

» NEW YORK — Stock prices 
^slipped Monday amid concern 
.about a weak dollar and a de- 
cline in shares of defense com- 

i Hie Dow Jones industrial av- 
i erage closed down 3.89 points 
;at 3,75122. 

» Volume on the floor of the 
[New York Stock Exchange was 

U.S. Stocks 

237 2 million shares. Declining 
shares outnumbered advances 
about 4 to 3. 

The continued weakness in 
the dollar pushed bond prices 
lower on concerns that a weak 
dollar, which makes imports 
more expensive, could mean 
higher inflation later. It also 
could send away foreign inves- 
tors to seek better returns else- 

“Basically the stock market is 
■ trying to digest the problems in 
the dollar and bond markets,” 
said Rao Chalasani. chief in- 
vestment strategist at Kemper 

•‘If the dollar continues to 
sell ofF, we will see more weak- 
ness in the bond market and in 
the stock market,” said John 
Groveman, president at Laden- 
burg, Thalmann & Co. 

United Technologies fell % to 
6CR4. and Boeing dropped % to 
44% after the Pentagon, in an 
internal memo, said it was re- 
thinking some large military 
aircraft contracts. 

Among the programs that 
could be curtailed are $72 bil- 
lion for 442 of Lockheed's F-22 
jet fighters and $40 billion for 
Boeing's and United Technol- 
ogies’ Comanche helicopter. 

Shar e prices in other defense 
companies were affected, with 
Lockheed ending down 1% at 
63 Vi, McDonnell Douglas down 
254 at 1 12%. Textron down % at 
52%, Martin Marietta % lower 
at 47% and Northrop Grum- 
man % lower at 42%. 

Tel&fonos de M&tico was the 
most active issue on the New 
York Stock Exchange. The 
stock gained %, to 66%, after it 
appeared clear that the ruling 
Institutional Revolutionary 
Party would retain power. 

Novell shares dropped 1%, to 
14, after the networking-soft- 
ware company said it would 
have lower-than-expected 
third-quarter earnings. 

Citicorp shares ended up I at 
44% after the banking compa- 
ny’s biggest shareholder recom- 
mended the stock. 

(Bloomberg, AP) 

I Standard & Poor’s Indues 

Close Fr t ul w i 

Bid Ask BU Aik 


S 3* 1 P " r IWJB 133 14 JBJ 30 1461 X 0 1441-50 

Forward 148650 M 875 Q M 0 MB 1490 X 0 

HWt LAW UWt 9 *iH* Cft’sc 
Fab NT. N.T. N.T. I 545 D —MB. . 

Mar 151 X 0 Bi 13100 1 SL 3 P —ixa 

AW 15250 132-54 15254 1325 B — <25 

MOV 15050 153 JD 1 SL 5 D 15150—425 

Jon 1 S 62 S 14955 149 J 5 14955—575 

EoL. volume: 18 . 157 . Oaan tnl. 104425 


J & JWill Buy Neutrogeua for Cash 

wfttsf BDnMcwmf New Jersey (Btootnbetg) ■ , . j 


pgBora pw immcjw; 

Spot 237456 23054 2391 M 2392 X 0 

Forward 339154 239254 WB 7 XD 244850 


MUan per radtlctn jjjjjq mm 

forward KB moo 580 X 0 582 X 0 



Forward 578100 5790 X 0 5775 X 0 5780 X 0 


%T'" rm $SSr*XU» 5145 X 0 5140 X 0 
Forward 5240 X 0 5245 X 0 5220 X 0 5240 X 0 

ZINC (Special HIM Grade) 

HU Low One Otte 

I ndustri oh 


I utumm 

| Finance 
5 P 100 

542 X 1 54026 541 X 1 -150 
37459 371 X 2 373 X 1 — 0 X 3 
13177 155 X 7 1 SSJ 7 - U 0 
4551 4530 4550 + 8 X 1 
46358 46156 462 X 2 — 1 X 6 ! 
42*71 42672 42738—143 

NYSE Indexes 

Law Last cm. 

S JS3 SS S3 »=» 

S IB S3 S3 ttf =U 

Fab 16 X 9 1*85 ISA* 16 X 1—056 

Mar 16.16 15 X 0 1 SX 8 16 X 9 -054 

Apr N.T. N.T. N.T. 16 X 9 —054 

MOT 16.14 16.14 16.14 16 X 9-054 

Jhm NX N.T. N.T. T 630 — 044 

Jfy N.T. NX N.T. 16 X 1 — 054 

Am NT. NT. N.T. 16 X 2 —054 

5m> N.T. NX NX 1*33 —*54 

NEW BRUNSWICK, New lossy (BkwmbergJ 

-» S9 ® 7 

23 percent pM 

m75 price Friday. Neutrogaa ffjg*** 

Est. vohime: 3 M 11 . Otm M. 134544 

Com polite 





25181 25479 255 X 7 —054 
316 X 4 31556 316.18 -056 
240.71 739XO 339.99 — 0 X 0 
209.77 70856 20857 — 1.18 
21455 21358 21*20 - 0.04 

“S OT «*- ,n ^ 0 rDn 

94*50 94150 93950 94050 
96450 965 X 0 963 X 0 964 X 0 


Stock Indexes 

F. M A M d J A 
1994 ' - • 

NASDAQ Indexes 

High Low Lost Qq. 

HIM Low den Onm 

( 50*899 - Ft* ef MO pet 

Sop 94 X 1 94 X 6 94 X 7 +BXT 

OK 93 L 4 J 93 X 5 93 X 7 - 0 X 1 

NYSE Most Actives 

Ownocnite 74258 74051 741 X 9 —054 

Industrials 744 X 1 74153 744.10 + 1 X 3 

Banks 778.17 77197 776.95 — 0.11 

insurance raid* nun +tso 

Finance 951 X 3 9*774 9 S 054 —154 

Tran SO. 72160 718 X 4 72550 -409 









Campon s 








1 Ml 


















44 V. 




















22 ft 


- ft 



46 ft 







24 - 



50 ft 








AMEX Stock lade 


Mob LOW 

445.84 444 X 9 

Lost Cha. 

445.78 +033 


94 J 6 


+ BJ >1 


93 L 35 




92 X 6 

92 X 9 




. 92.13 

— BIG 


91 X 4 

91 X 9 

— no? 





91 X 0 

90 X 4 


a _03 





90 X 4 

905 # 


UJJ 2 

9 U 1 

90 X 5 

90 X 5 




— nn 7 

S 03 # 



- 0 fl 2 

E«L volume: 31598 . Open bit.; 543773 . 

SI mlHton 'Pta of IMpcI 

HM Lew Cion Onw 

■25 par Immz polnf 

Sep . 32140 3167 X 3183 X - 25 X 

oac 3203 31940 31965 —255 

Mar NX.. NX 3 m® -240 

Ef*. volume: 11566 . Open bit: < 2 X 24 


FFaaa par tadex paint 

ADO 3 D 1 HXS ima® 1978 X 0 - 29 X 0 

Sap 3025 X 0 1982 X 0 1986 X 0 - 28 JD 

Oct 2832 X 0 2032 X 0 199500 - 29 X 0 

Dec N.T. NT. 201450 *33 M 

Mar 2078 X 0 2078 X 0 ' 2044 X 0 - 2*50 
Ext. volume: 27733 . Open Inf.: 65709 . 

Dew Jones Bond Averages 




94 X 8 




M 20 








93 X 2 





20 Banda 
W Utilities 
10 Industrials 

dose ctrae 

9776 — 0.19 

9359 —All i 

10151 —077 

NASDAQ Most Actives 

DOLLAR: Drags Down Europe 








DSC s 

ErlcT ADO 
Oracle s 








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— u 
















+ '/» 


34W H 


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— V. 







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* Vu 





♦ Ih 

NYSE Diary 

Total Issues 
New Lews 

Est. volume: SO. Open InL: 272 . 


DM! tnHBan - pta or tua pa 
Sep 9 SJB 95 X 2 95 X 4 — 0 X 1 

DCC 94 X 5 94 X 1 94 X 4 UnOL 

Mr 9454 9459 9454 + 0 X 2 

Job 9415 9411 94 M UndL 

sap 93 X 1 9378 93 X 1 + 0 X 1 

Dec 9359 9359 9352 UndL 

Mar 9334 079 9332 UndL 

Jm 9113 93 X 7 93 X 9 — BUS 

Sep 9272 9250 *251 — 0 X 3 

Dec 9273 9273 9272 — 0 X 3 

Mar MX N.T. 9259 — OJW 

JM N.T. N.T. 9256 — 0 X 4 

Est volume: 4 L 121 . Open bit.: 779 X 37 . 

Company per aha 


CaoRltyinv TxEX 1 . X 9 

Caprltvrm TvEk 7 - XV 

CacRItylnv TxEx 3 - .14 

Gtotxd Yield Fd - jp 

Marine Petrol - 3374 


BOl >1 
* 31 - 3-1 

*31 11-14 
8-31 MB 

Fodder* Com Mi stare of doss . 
stara held. 

Mid-South Injur 6 lor 5 Split. 


Qavtord Entertain Q X 7 

5 th Alabama Bncp Q X 7 


9-6 9-19 
9-19 10-3 I 

AMEX Diary 

Codtinaed from Page 9 
lars is eroding in step with the 
U.S. currency. 

In Paris, the CAC-40 blue- 
chip index tumbled 1.43 per- 
cent, to 1,972.63, and in Frank- 
furt, the DAX lost 1.20 percent, 
to 2,123.79. 

The dollar also burdened Eu- 
ropean bond markets, and stock 
investors said there was little 

Foreign Exchange 

hope for recovery until interest 
rates in the government securi- 
ties market began to stabilize. 

“It’s the weak bonds, weak 
.dollar and negative markets,” 
"said Ralf Maier, a trader with 
Bayeriscfae Vereansbank AG in 
Munich. “You cannot really find 
a substantial reason to buy.” 

British shares were weighed 
down by stranger-than-expected 
second-quarter gross domestic 
product data, which fueled con- 
cern that the Bank of England 
might raise rates to keep growth 

at a steady, sustainable pace. 
Hie Financial Times-Sto 

Hie Financial Tunes-Stock 
Exchange 100-share index lost 
0.63 percent, to 3,171.30. 

The dollar's slide paused 
amid rumors that central banks, 
including the Bank of England, 

had bought the U.S. currency to 
try to slow the slide. But the 
weakness resumed when no 
confirmation of intervention 

The trade troubles between 
the United States and Japan re- 
surfaced as a market factor last 
week, when U.S. data showed 
its deficit with Japan had wid- 
ened again. 

“The trade figures were the 
key turning point for dol- 
lar/yen,” said Andre de Silva, a 
bond strategist at PaineWebber 

A general lad: of confidence 
in President Bill Clinton also 
did little to help the dollar. 

“Clinton’s crime bill success 
has not done anything because 
it seems to be watered down,” a 
U.S. banking analyst in London 
said. “It’s come after the event, 
and the Democrats are still not 
seen to be in control.” 

But some analysts said the 
fundamental strength of the 
U.S. economy meant that the 
dollar was undervalued. 

“If you believe the U.S. econ- 
omy is strong, the dollar 
shouldn’t be this low,” said An- 
drew Brenner, a trader at No- 
mura Securities International. 

( Bloomberg, Reuters, AFX) 

AMEX Most Actives 

Taral Issues 
New Laws 



m Hinm 

-pta of 

HO pet 

+ 8 X 3 






93 X 1 






93 X 1 

93 X 4 






+ 003 



92 X 1 

92 X 8 



92 X 7 

92 X 1 





92 X 4 

92 X 8 

+ 001 




92 J 0 

+ 0 X 2 

NavWar InH pfG e 158 
c-uot iqUIiiii rant of company. 

Gontlntcrt Cora 





Echo Bov 



NV Ton 










12 ft 

10 ft 


+ tft 


22 ft 

20 V: 

21 ft 



1 ft 

1 *K 

1 V» 

— Vk 







4 V|, 

4 ft 

4 ft 


13 ft 

13 ft 

13 ft 


3216 34 ft 

34 ft 

24 V, 



4 ft, 

3 >Vh 

3 >Vu 



15 ft 

15 V, 

15 ft 




2 Vy 

- ft 


New Highs 

Etf. volume: 3 X 562 . Open InL: 19 * 428 . 
08 X 88 -ptlRBHb of H 8 pet 
Sep 101-65 100-12 10044 +046 

Dec 100-21 9930 10008 +032 

est.vahmw: 41 X 56 . Open InL: 114594 
DM 29 WM - pH Of 180 pd 
Sep 9154 91 X 0 9173 — 0.13 

Dec RU 0 9023 9050 --LU 

EsL volume: (8721 Open 0 it 7 170 X 31 

ACE Limited — C ,TI 

Amer FWPreoFd 2 M .1213 

-AmlraurMtginvas M .12 

Am insurMtplnv 86 H .10 

Am InsurMIplfwM M XB 

BG 3 Systuna - o 70 

FT 5 I 0888 


112 X 8 











11 L 56 


1 I 1 J 8 

— OH 






[ Spot Commodittos 

EsL volume: 19 & 2 K Open bit: 146725 . 

Market Salas 

NY 5 E 
In millions. 

Commodity Today 

Aluminum, lb 0661 

Copper ele L t ru lvllc. lb 1.14 

Iran FOB. Ion 713 X 0 

Lead, lb QJ 8 

Silver, troy tn 1235 

Steel (Acrep), ton H 0.17 

Tin. ID 354 

Zinc, lb 05671 


HM Low Lest Settle CYge 

U 5 L doika-i par metric Ion-loti of IN tons 
Sap 15050 14475 14435 14450 — 6 X 0 

Oct 154 X 0 14875 14875 14850 —550 

No* 156 X 0 15850 15075 15075 —575 

Dec 158 X 0 15250 15250 1 S 27 S — 6 X 0 

ion 15975 154 X 0 154 X 0 15425 — 6 X 0 

■NFlfBoston Inca 
OnmiMon Ind 
arcle Ftnd mm 
Colonial HI meal 


Commerce GtoupI 
KcaJab Imr ■ 
Eftlmo PlcH 

Gibson GrnottngJ 
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next year’s crop by as much as 40 percent, to Detween i/ muuuu 
and 20 miTiirtn ha g s^ accord in g U.S. Dejiartmcait of Agnculture 

estimates. • ‘ 

December coffee settled 5.70 bents higher at 51.8950 a pound 
on the Coffee, Sugar & Cocoa Exchange. “Yon rraDy can’t get an 
accurate p ictur e of just what is the damage,” said John Connolly 
of Alpine Ca p* **! Management in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 

For die Record 

Comnaq Canada Inc, in an dEfort to gain market share and stay 
Nairn Canada, wffl reduce prices on its desktop personal 
computers by as much as 23 percent.- (Bloomberg) 

BaricAmerica Corp. said it would pay $1.98 billion in cash and 
stock for Continental Bank Corp. of Chicago. BankAmenca 
announced the acquisition, on Jau. 28; st the tune, the banks 
valued the deal at $1.9 billion. . (Bloomberg ) 

■ — _ . . mr . - J, _ 'J .1 I. L.. ... <Iui MnWflt* 

o-ooooui; honM hi 
nmIMv; q-quortorly; i 

Crude Prices Fall on Expectations for Ample Supply 

sitkm involves the transfer of moce ntan'550 c<nporate trust and 
agency relationships with a total value of more than $22 billion in 
securities. .The .companies did not disclose terms. (Reuters) 

Wnfcm d Bode Offfcv- 

Compikd by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Crude oil prices fell 
Monday on indications that supplies will 
be more ihan ample to meet waning de- 
mand over the next two months. 

Crude for October delivery on the New 
York Mercantile Exchange fed to $16.86 a 
barrel, down 68 cents, while in London. 
Brent crude oQ for October delivery closed - 
at $15.76, down 54 cents. 

Worldwide crude demand should shrink 
by about 1 million barrels a day as U.S_ 
European and Japanese refiners begin sea- 

sonal maintenance work on their equip- 
ment, Petroleum Intelligence Weekly, an 
industry newsletter, said Monday. 
Meanwhile. North Sea producers are 

military government's clampdown. on 
striking off workers was causing some of 

largely finished with August maintenance 
work, meaning more crude will be coming 
to market in September than in August, 
the newsletter said. 

- “There’s too much North Sea oil. and 
refinery runs will be cut next month," said 
Mohammad Abduljabbar, an analyst at 
Petroleum Finan ce Co. in Washington. 
Traders also saw signs that the Nigerian 

striking off workers was causing some of 
them to return to work after nearly right 
weeks on strike. 

“The Nigerian situation is becoming a 
nonevent,” said Bill O’ Grady, energy ana- 
lyst at A.G. Edwards & Sons Inc. in St. 

According to Peter Gignoux, head of the 
London energy desk at Smith Barney, the 
market was no longer anticipating cuts in 
Nigerian oil exports that had not yet mate- 
rialized. (Bloomberg, Reuters) 

The Associated Pros 

LOS ANGELES — “Clear and Present banger* and “Forrest 
Gump” dominated the U.S. box office with grosses of $11.15 
million each over the weekend. Fbflowmg are the Top 10 money- 
makers, based on Friday ticket sales and. estimated sales for 
Saturday and Sunday. 

l.-Ctaarmi Present Oaamf' 
1 . "Forrost Gump- 
L^lwMMk- .. 

4 . "Color oIN Mir* 
L-TtaLWle Itocnta- 
T.ntacaiir • s • 

8 . mw Unmans" 

9 . "In Hie Army Wwv- 
9 . "Andre" 

t Paramount) 
f Paramount) 

( NawUrmCkmna ) 
(HoUvwood i ; 5 c/u ; » » " " 

qiioSipl cVfarfrFta* - rs 
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nmmbrBroilmvJ' ’ 

(WattDisner) - 

(Hollywood Pictures) 
{Para m ount) . 

Ull.U mniton 
sn .15 million 
E 7 JmllUan 
SIX million 
-••* 5.1 million 
- *45 million 
844 million 
*43 mHllon 
>42 million 
>42 million 



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Stock Indexes 


S28.75 K.WtaJW-Nft IjjSS S'nSTxS 
oaBBmdmg, and t&ne ue ^Johnson & Johnson 

, - Ncotrogcna shares were Bp 56 

shares were up I2-5 :cents cents at million in 

Ncutrogcriaeanied$26 nrilbon j on i sato “ 

1993. Jotoson * Johnson, the world siargest health-care p 
company, had sales last year of $14.1 billion. . 

Firstar Will Acqrare lnYegtors Bank 

MILWAUKEE (Bloomberg) --Firstar 

would aoprire Jnvestore Bank Coip. ni a stock swap vaiut» 41 

Invratdrs is the parent of Investors pf 

billion in assets and 12 offices m the n ?^^Y ^ stors ^ ■ 
Minroapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota. Each share of Investors wm 

AT&T and Intel Join in Development 

&NTA CLARA, California (Reuters) — tatd Corp. and 
AT&T Coro, said Monday they had signed a devdop^^ a g^ 
meat, to jwntly work on making desktop conferencing from 
pcrswal computers easier. • 

The companies said they were entering a program of develop- 
ment in a number of areas of personal conferencing — image or 
video conferencing on personal computers — -in both services ana 
products'. The result wul be offering customers a seamless Integra^ 
tion of Inters ProShare personal-conferenong system and Ai«i 
World Wotx network services, which were recently announced for 
business customers. 

Financial terms of their agreement were not disclosed. 

Coffee Qimbs Anew Amid Frost Fear 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Coffee prices soared Monday by 
neariy.4 percent ?*wtd concern that damage to Brazil’s crop from 
frost and diy weather could be larger than expected- 
Two frosts that occurred in Brazil in June and July wm r^dice 
next year’s crop by as much as 40 percent, to between 17 million 
and 20 minion ha g s^ accord in g U5. Department of Agnculture 


sssfflazrsr " 

267X0 341X03*094 •jFJS'S'Wi ■ 

“iSSio^ MB . WJ0 -*» " 

Com modtty Indexes 

Moody's . Close 


DJ. Futures 2067.10 

a,i *» a as 

' Jfi45 

2 »J 7 

V;\(T' l 


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". 7 V 1 



Page II 



Qmyiled by (Xr Staff FnmtDispatcka 

. DUSSELDORF— Mauaes- 
mann AG said Monday its&st- 
balf net loss had narrowed sub- 
stantially, to 27.' million 
Deutsche marks (SIS millicm), 
as ecaaonfic recovery and its 
streamlining program began to 

**Maxmesmanh is in a stable 
upward trend," said Joachim 
Funk, chief executive of the 
Goman engineering and tele- 
communications concern, in a 
letter to shareholders.: In the 
first half of 1993, the deficit 
amounted to 467 million DM. 

Sales, at 142 billion DM, 
wore up 10 percent, and orders 
rose 19 percent, to 163 billion 

Because of weak safes in Jan- 
uary and February, results in 
the first half were still negative, 
but the company said it expect- 
ed to make a profit for the foil 
year, after losing 513 million 
DM in 1993. 

Since 1985, the winpany, one 
of 30 blu6«hq> stocks in Ger- 
many’s DAX stock index, has 
worked at diversifying into 
noncydical businesses such as 
mobile phone services and elec- 
tronics. Since then, outlays for 
restyling the company have ran 
into the baffians of nudes: 

Last year, Matmestnann 
blamed high startup costs in hs 
cellular, plume division in par- 
ticular when it reported its net 
loss. In contrast, the company 
said its jpboae unit, Manncs- 
inaxm MobDfunk GmbH, re- 
corded its first-ever e arnings in 
the latest ax months and fine- 
cast a. retnm to profit this. year 
for the group as a whole; 

’ TheMobStftmk mm stood out 
with n 126 percent sales rise in 
the period, to 738 million DM. 

Ordm in the engineering and 
plant division were up 34 per- 
cent m the.firsf half, and auto- 
motive -orders rose 18 pearcent. 
Bui ordras in the electronics di- 
visionsBd by 25'percent. 

The earnings weren’t enough 
to sustain Mannesmanrfs stock 
price,' which followed the mar- 
ket’s bearish tread, and ended 
at 451.50 DM, down from 
457.00 Friday.: ’ 

7 Separately, the chairman of 
Volkswagen. AG, Ferdinand 
HSch, said Monday that he ex- 
pected Germah car orders for 
thesecond half to be worse than 
the first half. Renters reported 
from Paris.' 1 

Hesaidhe expected West Eo- 
ropean car sales in 1994 to be 
unchanged from 1993. As a re- 
sult, the optimism seen earlier 
in the year had been eroded. 

■ Wefla Profit Rises 

WeHaAG said first-half pre- 
tax profit rose 14.4 percent 
from a year earlier on strong 
sales m Eastern Europe, Asia 
and the United States, Bloom- 
bog Business News reported 
from Darmstadt, Germany. 

' Earnings at the hair-care con- 
cern rose to 75.5 million DM 
from 66.0 nriOipn DM m the 
yeareaifier period. 

Sales rose to L50 bifiion DM 
from 133 trillion DM, support- 
ed by last year’s acquisitions of 
SmithKline Beecham PLCs 
and Sebastian International 
Inc-’s hair-care divisions. 

Russians Bet on a Loser 

MMM Fund Revives and Draws a Crowd 


MOSCOW — Russians, 
StQl gambling on dreams of 
getting rich quick, lined up in 
the rain Monday to buy 
shares in the country's best- 
known investment fund, ig- 
noring a recent price collapse 
and warnings from the gov- 

The lines outside the of- 
fices of the MMM fund con- 
trasted sharply with the 
scenes of panic at the cud of 
last month, when the firm 
slashed the price of its shares 
to a pittance. 

Then, anxious investors 
lined up is sunshine to dump 
their shares. This time, it was 

“I believe in MMM, and I 

will buy five more shares,” 
said an elderly woman, hud- 
dling under the hood of her 
jacket outride one MMM 
branch. “This instability is 

only temporary. 

Government officials have 
said MMM is operating a 
classic pyramid opera boo, 
using revenue from sales of 
shares to fund an automatic 
buy-back. But officials said 
they were powerless to act be- 
cause pyramid schemes were 
not Illegal. 

The company publicized 
its program with aggressive 
television commercials, 
promising ever-rising returns 
and annual dividends of 
3,000 percent. But it never 
said where its money came 

from or where it planned to 

Millions of Russians prof- 
ited from the scheme for 
months, as prices of MMM 
shares rose and rose. But the 
bottom fdl out of the market 
after a flurry of rumors about 
its creditworthiness. 

The firm slashed the price 
of its shares to 1,000 rubles 
(50 cents) from 115,000 ru- 
bles ($54) before the crisis. 

Its offices now seQ special 
‘'tickets’* dubbed Mavrod- 
rfrilri because they bear the 
portrait of the MMM chair- 
man, Sergei Mavrodi. MMM 
says holders will be allowed 
to trade 100 certificates for 
one share — at some unspeci- 
fied future time. 

Ruble Falls as Central Bank Cuts Rates 

Copied by Qvr Staff From Dapmha 

MOSCOW — The ruble slithered to a re- 
cord low against the dollar Monday, a victim 
of government loans to ailing agriculture and 
traders’ fears that the state will issue new 
credits to help companies survive; 

Despite the currency's slide, Russia’s cen- 
tral bank said it was cutting its three-month 
refinancing rate to 130 percent from 150 per- 
cent, the second rate cut this month ana the 
sevaith this year. 

“The government has hinted it win support 
industry, and there there has been talk about 
the possibility of forgiving com panies ' debts," 
said Igor Doranin, a market analyst with the 
Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange; “Such 
ideas are stirring up inflationary expectations 
and raising speculative activities.” 

The currency, which is not fredy convertible 

on world markets, has fallen 6 percent over the 
past month. It was quoted Monday at 2,171 to 
the dollar on the Moscow exchange, compared 
with 2,151 Friday. It was even weaker on the 
inter bank market, dealers said. 

A dealer from Delovaya Rosriya said some 
banks were selling dollars at the request of the 
central bank to help the bank try to prop up 
the ruble. Many dealers said they expected 
the slide to continue because the govern- 
ment's agriculture credits had artificially in- 
flated the money supply. 

Also on Monday, the central bank revoked 
banking licenses from Eve Russian commer- 
cial banks because of their “risky credit poli- 
cy, nonobservation of capital requirements, 
loss-making activities ana violations of ac- 

loss-malting activities anc 
counting procedures ” 

(Reuters, AFP) 

Recovery in Chemicals Gives Repsol Profit a Lift 

Canned by Ow Staff From Dispatches 

MADRID — A recovery mits cfaens- 
cai sector helped Rjqpsol SA report a 15 
pexcenl in first-half prefit . on Monday 
despite weak oil prices daring the period. 

said it' earned 496SMDicai pesetas($385 
million) in the first six months of tins 
year, up from 43.16 billion in the com- 
parable period a year ago. - 
Repsol, in which the government cur- 
rently has a 40 percent stake, said its 
chemical unit registered iis first operating 
profit, 531 biflidn pesetas, compared 

vrith a loss of 438 biltioa last year. Repsol 

attributed the success to improved mar- 

gins, cost-cutting measures and a weak 
peseta that encouraged exports. 

In the company’s oQ exploration and 
production unit, operating profit fell to 
736 hiDirei pesetas from 13.94 hffljon 
last. year, the result of overall failing 
crude prices despite a recovery in the 
second quarter. 

; Cnxde prices averaged $15.10 a barrel 
fit the first half of 19 94, down from 
$17.10 a year earlier. Operating income 
from refining and marketing rose 13 
percent, to 48.25 WHon pesetas. 

The gas division had a 22 percent in- 
crease hi operating profit, to 2633 tallian 
pesetas, reflecting an increase in sales. 

Spain is expected to sell about half of 
its remaining stake in the concern this 
autumn, but the stock has been under 
pressure; It fell to 3,970 pesetas Monday 
man 3,990 on Friday. The shares have 
been as high as 4,900 this year. 

Analysts said Repsofs poor market 
performance was a product of general 
worries about Spanish stocks. The earn- 
ings results demonstrate, they added, 
that the weakness of Repsol’s stock was 
not a reflection on the company. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg. AFX) 

Banco Espaiiot <fc CnSdito SA’s cfaair- 
ian, Alfredo Saenz, told shareholders al 

an extraordinary meeting he expected the 
bank would quickly return to profit be- 
cause of cost controls and loan recoveries, 
news agencies reported from Madrid. 

He said the bank's new managers 
were uring “shock measures” to pull the 
company up to break-even status after it 
nearly collapsed last year. 

Among the “urgent measures” Ban- 
esto has taken, Mr. Saenz said, was the 
creation of a special unit of 800 employ- 
ees to attempt recovery of bad loans. 

In addition, Banesio's new manage- 
ment has cut operating costs by 5 per- 
cent, or 5 billion pesetas. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 

Shekel’s Fall 
Slight After 
Share Slide 


TEL AVIV — The shekel 
weakened against major inter- 
national currencies Monday 
but showed tittle reaction to the 
plunge in Israel’s stock market 
the day before, as shares made a 
moderate recovery by the close. 

The dollar opened the daily 
tender at 3.016 shekels ana 
dosed at 3.019, compared with 
3.018 Friday. The central 
bank’s basket of major curren- 
cies rose to 33783 shekels from 
33719 Friday. 

Many Israelis were rattled 
when shares on the Tel Aviv 
Stock Exchange fell nearly 10 
percent Sunday in response to a 
capital-gains tax announ ced by 
the Finance Ministry last week. 

The shekel weakened against 
the yen and the Deutsche mark, 
with 100 yen valued at 3.0801 
shekels, compared with 3.0663 
Friday, and the mark quoted at 
1.9679 shekels, compared with 

Blue-chip shares on the stock 
exchange rallied to dose mod- 
erately higher Monday, regain- 
ing some of Sunday’s sharp 
losses. The benchmark General 
Share Index rose 3.72 points, or 
235 percent, to 168.90. The in- 
dex fdl 1821 points, or nearly 
10 percent, Sunday. 

The government announced 
plans to modify the capital- 
gains tax on Sunday to quell the 
rush to sell, but investors say 
the rules are still undear. 

Drug Cuts Hit 
French Shares 

Bloomberg Business Sews 

PARIS — Shares of the 
cfa-mical and pharmaceutical 
company Rh6ne-Poulenc SA 
fdl 3 percent Monday after the 
government imposed price cuts 
of between 3 percent and 20 
percent on some of the most 
frequently prescribed drugs in 
France, traders said. 

Rhdn e-Poulenc stock fell 4 
francs to 130.80 ($25) after 
news of the price cuts. 

Rhdne-Poulenc officials 
played down the significance of 
the government's move, which 
affected not only the company's 
Zoltum but also other leading 
manufacturers' drugs. 


DAX \ 

London ' ' 

• Paris.'/- 

fif" K 6TTT5 

W94 "• ... r,.: 

- VV *’;*'. 

Wciiaajt.; : 


Brusa&te.' 1 


■London v 

AEX. • 
DAX *• ' 


' 'FtoartCtelTimes 30 

London ". 1 ' - FTS&1Q& 
MatfrM r / : <5anaraltn^<r 

• NBmi. " ;; ■ $mbtel . : T. ^ 

. Paris " •*. : CAC49 • % "7T 
Stockholm. AMeer?v&aflsim 
Vienna ■■Stock indaxp 
Zurich- . '.SftS- ■ ' ?>' 

Sources; Heulere. AFP 

40&33 - 

. 8*17130 

; 304.99 • 

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■ '458.82 ™ r-0.B2; 

lniemau<xul HeraktTrihvc 

Very briefly; 

• Compagnie Luxembotugeoise de Telediffusioa and Wah Disney 
Co. said they were establishing a venture to launch a family 
televirion chann el in Germany in January. 

e Vickers PLC, the British engineering company, said it had bad 
talks with Bayeriscbe Motarea Werke AG and Mercedes-Benz 
AG over the possibility of co-operation on future models of its 
Rolls- Royce luxury cam. 

• Alcatel- Aistbom SA of France said its Alcatel Business Systems 
uni t raised its stake in STC Business Communications of South 
Africa to 50 percent from 19.9 percent previously. Financial 
details were not disclosed. 

• Outokumpu Metals & Resources Oy, part of Finnish metals and 
minin g group Outoknmpa Oy, said it had signed a letter of intent 
to sell its entire stake in Transamine of France. 

• The Dutch consumer confidence index entered positive territory 
for the first time in four years with a record rise of eight points, the 
Central Bureau of Statistics said. 

■ The National Bank of Belarus has significantly increased the 
minimum capital requirement for banks operating in the country 
to make banks more stable and reliable, a spokesman told the 
Interfax news agency. 

• News Coro, said it had raised the price of The Sun newspaper to 
22 pence (34 cents) from 20 pence because of higher paper and 

22 pence (> 
print prices. 

Bloomberg, Reuters. AFX. Knight-Ridder 

AMB Premium Income Rises 

Bloomberg Business News 

AACHEN, Germany — AMB Aachener & Mtachener Beteili- 
gungs AG said Monday its premium income in the first half rose 
73percem, to 7.70 billion Deutsche marks ($5 billion). 

The insurance conglomerate said the increase should ensure 
strong earnings and a dividend at least as high as the 14 marks per 
share paid for 1993. The insurer didn’t release earnings figures. 


.. , i- • Monday's CtMtaw ■ 

i [ i ‘ Tables Inctuda the naHomrida pfces up to 

- i * - fte dosing on Walt Street and do not reflect 

late traces ebewhere. Via The Associated Press 

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U.K. 9 s Charter 
Raises Bid for 
Swedish Group 

Agewx Fnmce-Presse 

British industrial group 
Charter PLC said Monday 
it had raised its offer for the 
Swedish welding-equip- 
ment group ESAB to 380 
kronor ($50) a share from 
345 kronor. 

Some 84 percent of 
ESAB shareholders have 
accepted the offer. Charter 

The British group said it 
wanted to acquire 90 per- 
cent of the Swedish group, 
the world’s leading manu- 
facturer of soldering and 
welding equipment. 

Prominent shareholders 
in ESAB rejected the earlier 
offer after the group an- 
nounced better-than-ex- 
pocted half-year results. 

On Aug. 8, ESAB an- 
nounced profit of 195 mil- 
lion kronor for the first 
half , eight times its profit in 
the first half of 1993. 

On October 28th, the IHT will publish a 
Special Report on 


Among the topics to be covered are: 

■ What European Union membership 
means to Austria. 

■ The post-election political outlook. 

■ A return to growth after several years 
of recession. 

■ Sectors affected by the privatization 

■ Vienna as a financial and cultural 

For further information, please contact Bill Mahder in Paris 
at (33-1) 46 37 93 78, fax: (33-1)46375044. 


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Page 13 


| Hitachi Weighs 

shore Expansion 


Canpikd by Our SUjf From Opauba 

TOKYO — Hitachi Ltd. is 
‘considering producing and 
'marketing personal computers 
overseas for the first time, a 
spokesman said Monday. 

The company has not decid- 
ed the timing or scale of pro- 
duction, the spokesman said. 

Japanese news reports said 
the company planned to build 
personal computers in the Unit- 
ed States starting in 1996. The 
spokesman would only say that 
sights in Oklahoma and in the 
Philippines were under consid- 

Hitachi has a plant in Okla- 
homa that makes magnetic 
disks and other items. Its plant 

High Price 

Set in Japan 
For Telecom 


TOKYO — Individuals 
are likely to dominate 
Thursday's auction of 
shares in Japan Telecom af- 
ter the long-distance tele- 
phone company set a mini- 
mum bid price that seems 
too high, analysts said 

The minimum bid price 
is 2,410,000 yen ($24,400) a 
share, which brokers said 
would dull interest among 
domestic and foreign insti- 
tutional investors. 

That could mean a near- 
repeat of last week’s auc- 
tion of Japan Tobacco Inc. 
shares, in which individ uals 
aggressively snapped up 
the shares at premium 

A British broker said 
many big investors expect- 
ed the Japan Telecom 
shares to fall because they 
would be overvalued. 

Despite institutional in- 
vestors’ lukewarm re- 
sponse, all 17,000 Japan 
Telecom shares up for auc- 
tion on Thursday are likely 
to be snapped up, because 
there are so few of them. ' 

in the Philippines which pro- 
duces small hard-disk drives. 

The spokesman said Hitachi 
expected to sell about 140,000 
personal computers in the year 
ending in March 1995, up from 
88,000 last year. A report in 
Nihon Krizai Shimbun said the 
company planned a tenfold in- 
crease in its personal computer 
sales at home and abroad by the 
year ending in March 1997, to 

L2 mil linn units. 

The report also said Hitachi 
may invest as much as 100 bil- 
lion yen ($1 billion) in the pro- 
ject to build personal comput- 
ers abroad and on development 
of a marketing network in Asia, 
Europe and the United Slates. 

The Japanese computer mar- 
ket is largely saturated, but 
there is still room for new en- 
trants overseas, the report said. 

(AFX, Bloomberg) 

m IVEC Plans Expanakm 

Strong global personal-com- 
puter sales and prospects for 
surging demand for semicon- 
ductors have led Japan’s biggest 
chip maker, NEC Corp., to take 
a gamble on a giant new plant, 
sews agencies reported. 

NEC said Monday it would 
invest about $1 billion in a pro- 
duction line for 16-megabit and 
64-megabit dynamic random- 
access memory chips at either 
its plant in Scotland or its plant 
in California. 

“The actual investment will 
be approximately $1 billion, 
but the location has not been 
decided yet,** said Mark Pearce; 
an NEC spokesman. “Both gov- 
ernments are trying hard to get 
the NEC contract," 

NEC also said Monday it 
planned to contract out produc- 
tion of electronic components 
to Taiwan Semiconductor Man- 
ufacturing Co. to keep up with 
growing world demand. 

The Taiwan company, a sub- 
sidiary of Philips Electronics 
NV, will mak e between 2 mil- 
lion and 3 million appbcatkm- 
spcdfic integrated circuit chips 
a year, or between 20 percent 
aim 30 percent of NEC’s pro- 
duction, Mr. Pearce said. 

He also confirmed that NEC 
planned to double production 
of cellular telephones to around 
3 million a year by March 1995, 
increasing production in Brit- 
ain, Mexico and Japan. 

( Reuters, AFP ) 

Toyota Profit Wilts Again 

But Analysts See Hope Down the Road 

Bloomberg Burmea News 

TOKYO — It’s almost certain that Toyota 
Motor Corp., Japan's largest automaker, will 
report its fourth straight decline in annual 
earnings Thursday. 

The parent company has projected a 30 
percent fall in its current profit, to 200 billion 
yen ($2 billion), for the year that ended June 
30, 1994. Analysts say the damage may be far 

The betting among analysts, however, is 
that this mil be the automaker’s last report of 
falling full-year profit in this business cycle. 

Domestic sales are starting to pick up, and 
the company plans to continue cutting costs. 
The almighty yen, probably the main source 
of Toyota’s woes, is unlikely to appreciate 
much more. 

“Overall, we’re looking for a profit recov- 
ery in June 1995,” said Ben Moyer, an analyst 
at Merrill Lynch. 

Those same factors suggest that brighter 
days are in store for Japan’s entire recession- 

weary auto industry. Domestic new- vehicle 
sales rose in June and July after f alling for 
most of the last two years. 

Honda Motor Co„ which will announce 
consolidated eamingg for the April-June 
quarter Wednesday, expects its group current 
profit to rise 79 percent in the year ending 
March 31, 1995, to 84 billion yen. Honda 
predicts its parent current profit for the peri- 
od will rise 54 percent. 

Honda's profits have tumbled for four 
years. The company attributes its rosy fore- 
cast to a recovery in the U.S. car market, 
where it sells more cars than it does in Japan. 
It also has aggressively cut costs. 

Honda’s quarterly' earnings report will 
show a sizable increase in net profit one to die' 
sale of its 20 percent stake In Britain’s Rover 
Group to Bayerische Motoren Werke in Feb- 
ruary.. The transaction reportedly gave 
Honda back about 10 billion yen. 

Because erf that, Honda’s first-quazter prof- 
it increase should be significant, said Keith 
Donaldson, an analyst at Salomon Brothers. 

Analysts will be curious to see what sort of 
yen-doUar exchange rate Honda and Toyota 
use in their earnings forecasts. 

Japanese auto companies have been hurt 
by the yen's appreciation against the dollar 
since last spring because they export so many 
of their products. Toyota exports 34 percent 
of its vehicles, while Honda exports nearly 

The strong yen also erodes overseas earn- 
ings brought back to Japan. Each time the 
dollar falls one yen, Toyota estimates that it 
loses 10 billion yen in revenue. Honda said it 
loses 6 billion yen on the formula. 

In May, at the time of its full-year earnings 
report, Honda forecast a dollar rate of l05 
yen. It hovers today around 99 yen. “Honda 
will definitely revise the exchange rate,” Mr. 
Donaldson said. 

Won’t Sell 

Debts Gted in China’s Power Woes 

Bloomberg Businas News 

HONG KONG — China’s 
electrical-power industry faces 
a crippling problem because 
austerity policies are causing 
debts to pile up among produc- 
ers, manufacturers and custom- 
ers, according to a Hong Kong- 
based official of GE Industrial 
& Power Systems Asia. 

“It seems to me that all of the 
three big turbine suppliers are 
starting to miss shipments be- 
cause they don’t have the mon- 
ey to buy raw materials to com- 

E lete the projects because they 
ave not been paid for the pre- 
vious shipments they have 
made," said Delbert William- 
son, president erf GE Industrial 
& Power Systems Aria, a part of 
the American conglomerate 
General Electric Co. 

GE Industrial & Power Sys- 
tems is engaged in talks with 
Dongfang Electrical Machinery 
Co. and C hina Harbin Power 

Plant Equipment over joint- 
venture agreements for the pro- 
duction of turbines. 

“We do still have a problem 
with triangular debts, but it*s 
better than it was before,” said 
an official from the chairman's 
office at Shanghai United Elec- 
tric Corp. “It will affect our 
earnings this year, but not too 
much. We do have money to 
buy raw materials.” Triangular 
debt occurs when the materials 
producer, the manufacturer and 
the customer owe one another 

“I have heard that some of 
these companies have not beat 
paid for four or five months," 
Mr. Williams on said. In this 
case the customers are China's 
provincial power bureaus. “The 
power bureaus are not paying 
the turbine builders, who are 
then not paying their suppliers 
— it is a vicious circle," he said. 

He said the problems would 
probably lead to an increase in 

Bank Negara Polishes Its International Image 


KUALA LUMPUR — Bank Negara’s 
recent dismantling of eight-month-old 
capital controls that soured investor senti- 
ment on Malaysia is an attempt by the 
central bank to restore its tarnished inter- 
national image, economists and analysts 
said Monday. 

Some said the recent moves marked a 
return to sanity by the Malaysian central 
bank and would renew sagging investor 
confidence in Malaysia. 

But skeptics say the damage to Bank 
Negara’s credibility has been done and 
that the Malaysian central bank will find it 
hard to undo. 

Bank Negara found itself at the bottom 
of a recent magazine rating of Southeast 
Asian central banks because of its han- 

dling of regulations on foreign investment, 
one economist said. 

“The reputation of the bank was set 
‘back a good two to five years because of its 
actions,” he said. “It will be a long time 
before the industry trusts them again." 

The central bank recently lifted its ban, 
imposed in January, on the sale of short- 
term money market instruments to for- 
eigners and last week removed a ban on the 
trading of forward swaps on the bid side 
by foreigners. 

Bank Negara’s announcements followed 
easings of other capital restrictions this 
year, includingits ban on sale of long-term 
paper to foreigners and a “negative inter- 
est rate” charged on fordgn-held ringgit 

The turbulence in Malaysia's foreign ex- 
change markets began late last year, Mien 

the central bank sparked heavy specula- 
tion in the ringgit after it bought dollars 
against the currency in December. 

Bank Negara then slammed on the 
brakes, imposing a series of capital con- 
trols in January to choke off ringgit specu- 
lation and a flood of money into Malay- 
sia’s financial system. 

After reporting steep losses from its 
' rive trading on world foreign ex- 
markets, the bank's top manage- 
ment was replaced. 

Ahmad Mohamad Don, who took over 
as central bank governor in April, said 
Monday the central bank was considering 
a “two-tier” regulatory system to encour- 
age growth in financial services. 

Mr. Ahmad said the central bank would 
encourage investment financing through 
venture capital 

CORSA: Can’t Get Enough of It CABLE? CNN Faces Competition 

Continued from Page 9 

circulation system, and it even 
is built to be '95 percent recycla- 

To CM'S worldwide operat- 
ing units, though, its appeal is 
more visceral. 

It has 36 percent fewer parts 
than its predecessor model and 
takes 25 percent fewer worker- 
hours to build. “Corsa offers a 
very good price-value relation- 
ship that comes from the ease of 
manufacturing," said Mr. Wolf. 

It also has a rounded, bold 
styling “There has been a lot of 
criticism of car designs getting 
so international that they seem* 
characterless," said Hideo Ko- 
rfnma, 50, the chief designer for 

GM describes the Corsa as 
having a “progressive shape for 
the *90s without resorting to the 
‘retro-look’ which can alienate 
young male drivers." Mr. Ko- 
H ama said his major inspiration 
was a car that GM exhibited in 
auto shows more than a decade 
ago but never produced — the 

"Everybody in-house remem- 
bered and liked the Junior," 
said Mr. Kodama. He said that 
as with the Corsa, the Junior's 
external design — with its high 
roofline and expanse of win- 
dows — emphasized its interior 

On the surface, Mr. Kodama, 
a Japanese national working for 
Opel would hardly seem the 
most likely proponent of Ger- 
man styling. Bom in Yokoha- 
ma, he applied for a job in De- 
troit just after receiving his 
industrial design degree in Ja- 
pan in 1966. 

“Probably the Corsa's suc- 
cess owes as much to ib styling 
as anything else," said Michael 
Smith, a car industry consultant 
at DRI/McGraw Hill in Lon- 
don.“It has an attractive look to 

Beginning last year, GM dis- 

covered the Corsa’s appeal in a 
series of so-called customer 
clinics around the world. 
Groups of potential car-buyers 
assembled by the company gave 
the Corsa reviews enthusiastic 
enough to start GM thinking 
about selling in markets from 
Egypt to Japan. 

The one market where the 
Corsa will not be seen soon is 
the United States. The compa- 
ny continues to supply U.S. 
dealers with small cars manu- 
factured by its California-based 
joint venture with Toyota Mo- 
tor Corp. 

“We could supply the U.S. 
and Canada from our Mexican 
plant,” but that decision has 
not been made, Mr. Wolf said. 



It's never 
been easier 
to subscribe 
and save. 
Just cal! 

0 800 1 7538 

Continued from Page 9 

The Simpson case, which be- 
gan in mid-June, helped CNN 
end the second quarter with 
prime-time ratings that woe 
unchanged from the quarter a 
year earlier. For the month of 
July, CNN even posted a rat- 
ings gain; for one half-hour on 
July 6, in fact, during Mr. Simp- 
son’s much-watched prelimi- 
nary bearing, CNN attracted 
more than 5 J million viewers. 

But CNN’s ratings almost 
certainly would have been even 
higher during the hearing were 
it not for the fact that the 
broadcast networks were also 
showing it live. Having popu- 
larized this kind of live cover- 
age, CNN is now feeling the 
effects of more competition. 

With the slump in ratings, 
CNN’s profit has also suffered. 
For the first quarto:, operating 
profits for Turner Broadcasting 
System lnc.’s news division, 
which includes CNN, CNN In- 
ternational and Headline News, 
dropped 15 percent from a year 

earlier, to $49 million. For the 
second quarter, operating profit 
was essentially flat at $55 mil- 

CNN is still a lucrative ven- 
ture, especuUy by the standards 
of television news divisions, 
which often lose money. “Any 
one of the broadcast networks 
would love to have CNN’s cash 
flow for their news operations." 
said Larcy Gerbrandl, senior 
vice president at Paul Kagan 
Associates, a media research 

Last year, Turner’s news divi- 
rion reported operating income 
of $212 million on revenue of 
$599 million. This year, Mr. Ger- 
brandt predicts that the channel 
will see a “modest increase” in 

Still, the management of 
CNN is dearly concerned. 

In April, Tom Johnson, the 
channel's president, sent a 
memo to staff members urging 
them to “put the hard-news en- 
ergy back into the network." 

Anywhere • Anytime • Worldwid^ 
AT&T Network 


ISRAEL 177-101-2253 

ITALY 1678-75652 

JAPAN 0044-22-11-2143 

NETHERLANDS 06-0229617 
COLOMBIA 990-12-1287 
FRANCE 0590-1048 

GERMANY 0130-82-0378 


. . . 24 hrs 7 days a week! 
Call Us & Well Call You Right Back. 
CAU.'ItXLFRffiFROM . . . 

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US. DIRECT 1-407-253-5454 500 N. u.SJi • MtftovmQ, FL3283S USA 
U.S. TOLL FREE 1-800-NEED-TTA • U FAX 1 -407-253-6130 

China's imports ol power 

“It puts even more burden on 
the government to allow the im- 
portation of a higher percent- 
age" of the power plants, which 
burdens the foreign-exchange 
position and the inflation rate, 
he said. . 

He blamed the underlying 
problem on the country’s cur- 
rent credit squeeze. 

■ SYDNEY — The govern- 
ment on Monday scrapped 
plans to privatize its afling snip-, 
pug fine, Australian National 
Line, saying the company’s fi- 
nance problems were so severe 
“you could not give it away.” 

The financial advisers Salo- 
mon Brothers Australia and 
Price Waterhouse said in are- 

port that the shipping |jne hart a 

negative market value of 75 mo- 
tion to 118 milliaa Australian 
dollars ($55 to $87 miltion). : 

.The report also said die com- 
pany was Hkely to report a loss 
of 23.5 mQHon dollars in the 
current financial year, com- 
wilh a loss budgeted in 
at Z4 millio n dol- 
lars, and that it should be liqui- 

“You could not give it away; 
that is the reality,” Laurie Brcr- 
eton, transport minister, said. 

The go v e r nm ent has decided 
to keep the group going, but h 
says it will tnlre mmiwrtialg' an- 
tkm to stem its losses. 

“This will be done by with- 
drawing ANL from sale and ap- 
pointing a new board charged 
with a mandate for the -neat six 
months to reconstruct the com- 
pany by dosing nonviable busi- 
nesses and trades and improv- 
ing the prospects of others/’ the 
minister said. 

Privatization was not a realis- 
tic proposition now or in the 
foreseeable future, Mr. Biere- 
tan said. 

Australian National Line’s 
business include finer and bulk 
shipping in coastal and interna- 
tional trades, lard transport, 
ship management and stevedor- 
ing in major ports. 

(AFP, Kmght-Ridder) 

lnKmaHnnl Herald Trihne 

Very briefly: 

• Japanese farmers are expecting a bumper rice crop this year, 
according to the Mainichi shim bun survey, after last year's worst 
crop in half a century forced the nation to open up its market. 

• China, which has cracked down on futures trading, will permit a 
limited number of exchanges to continue. 

» Ford Motor Co. said it would invest 3.J 
in a parts research and development center in Yc 

• BBDO Worldwide has taken a 49.9 percent stake in the Bang- 
kok-based advertising agency Damask. 

• Moody’s Investors Service Inc. said it was reviewing the A-2 
rating on the senior unsecured debt of Canon Inc. for a possible 

• Wharf Cable, Hong Kong's only subscription televirion opera- 
tor, will launch four pay-per-view movie channels, including the 
first in Hong Kong to include soft pornography. 

• Exxon Corp.’s technical vice president, Michael Johnson, esti- 

mated Southeast Aria's reserves at 31 billion barrels of oil and its 
gas deposits at 281 trillion cubic feet (7.96 trillion cubic meters), 
but be said more sophisticated technology would be needed to 
find new Grids. Knigkt-Ridder, AFP , Reuters, AP. Bloomberg. A FX 

Hopes for Easier Credit Policy Lift Korean Stocks 

Bloomberg Busbies News 

SEOUL — Institutional investors re- 
sumed Korean stock purchases Monday 
for the first time in weeks, expecting that 
a softer Bank of Korea money policy 
would improve liquidity. 

The stock index rose about 2 percent, 
for a second straight day of gains, as 
investors expected more money to come 

into the market in the next few weeks, 
traders said. 

The Korea Composite Stock Price In- 
dex rose 15.90 points to 962.96 in active 

For months, institutions have suffered 
from tight liquidity because of the cen- 
tral batik's money-absorbing measures 
to fight higher-than-expected inflation. 

Consu m er prices rose 52 percent in the 
first seven months of this year, compared 
with the government's target of 6 percent 
for all of 1994. 

But the central bank is expected to 
loosen its grip on money supply before 
next month's national holiday, which 
traditionally is a time of high demand for 
funds by households and corporations. 

All of these securities hutting been soltl, this nniumnrcmr.ul nfrpmes us it nuttier ofreeonl only. 



Trigen Energy Corporation 

Common Stock 


Thu portion of the offering was offered outside the United States and Canada by the undersigned. 

Lazarjd Brothers & Co., Limited Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette 

SerurilicH Corporation 

ABN AMRO Bank T\.V. 


Dresdner Bank 


UBS Limited 


This portion of the offering was offered in the United States and Canada by the undersigned. 

Lazard Freres & Co. 

Bear, Stearns & Co. Inc. 
Dillon, Read & Co. Inc. 

Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette 

Sec Driiira Corporation 

CS First Boston 
Goldman, Sachs & Co. 

Dean Witter Reynolds Inc. 

Kidder, Peabody & Co. 


J.R Morgan Securities Inc. Morgan Stanley & Co. NatWest Securities Limited 


Prudential Securities Incorporated Salomon Brothers Inc Smith Barney Inc. 
UBS Securities Inc. 

Apvkst, Inc. William Blair & Company 
First Analysis Securities Corporation 

Lew; Mason Wood Walker 


Ailgu.-I PWl 

Wasserstein Perella Securities, Inc. 
The Buckingham Research Group 


Kemper Securities, Inc. 
Pennsylvania Merchant Group Ltd 

!• I- 
I'. ; 


: n- 




r ? 

Page 14 



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19 13 Cefocwn ._ 145 M lift IJ% -ft 

S ft 13% Celestial U 444 14ft 15ft 14ft •* 

ft lTWCeUPro _ _ 771 27 25ft 24ft - 

20ft 9ftCetlsfar _ 15 1725 13ft 12ft 13fti —ft 

&4V, 40V. CelCmA _ _ 711 54ft 53ft 53ft —ft 

Jl HftCfllCmPR _ _ 16 30 29ft 29W -ft 

34ft 4ftCo11rTc5 358 13 12ft 12ft -ft 

24ft 14 CantCei _ _ 3«9 14ft 15ft 14ft -ft 

43 10 Canto rm „ 13 2393 IS* 14ft 15ft eft 

15% 6%C«iiocar _ - 4443 Uft 13ft 14ft -ft, 

34 V] 35ft CFidBK 1.12 3J 443 34 33 33ft —ft 

19ft 8 CepflliT _. ... 890 Wft lift I3» -ft 

49ft 23ft Comer _ 35 1178 39ft 38 39 -'•« 

34ftlB'/.C9rve<*r 43e 1.7 335 1353 34ft 33ft 34ft -lft 

14ft 7Vi ChrmSn .09 1.1 >3 6484 Oft TV, Oft - ft 

25 17V.ChtOnFs JO 2.7 9 72 33ft 23 22 -ft 

15 1ft Checkers _ 31 10982 4ft 0 3ft 4H - ft 

24ft UftQieschs — 31 STS IBV. 17 IB -ft 

19 8 CIwks _ 14 4571 11 9ft 10 —Vi 

60V.3IWOiipcam _ 33 4801 51 49ft SOft *ft 

7V, 3ftCNpVTc _ 27 420 <ft 4 4ft -ft 

Monday’s 4 p an. 

' t ]® t ^c°rnpned by the AP, consists of the 1.000 
m°s6 waded securities in terms of dollar value. It is 
updated twice a year. 

)8ft IIWBWdT 
loft 10 CAIWTB 
33V, 21ft CTEC 
10ft 4V.CACI 
32ft 25ft (Saovs 
11ft SftCoere 
17ft BftCatoena 
23ft TftCalMO 
31V. 14% CtriMiC 
32 7DMiCWtneA 
58ft S9WCnnoni 
20 WftCarouVr 

1 2 Month su 

HtWlLow MOCK DtV Yld PE 100* Won UMLaKsCh'oe 

IBft 4 AAON* 
20ft 12 ABC Rail 
30 1(V, ABTBld 
24ft 12ft ACC CO 
34 9ft AC? En i 
42 30ft aStc 
47ft 31 ADC Tel 
17ft 10ft AES Chn 
23ft 15ft AESCo* 
31ft 19ft AK Steel 
25 15ft APS HM 
15ft 4ft ASK 

33 12 ft AST 
29V, 14ft AMfcyH 
31ft 13V. Acchnm 
WftI3 AomMaf 
»ft TftActot 
14ft 6ft ArtOCU) 
22ft ISftAttaMC s 
Uft io Adetonh 

37 ft 20 Adasu 
34ft 14V. AdQbeSV 

12V, 4ft AtJvPra 
lift 4WA0VPSS 
46ft 34ft Advanra s 

38 ft 25 AdvmrtBs 
16ft aftAoaum 
14V, lHAirMcfn 
631,. 45ft Atoo 
21ft OftAOWeC 
28ft 177, Atoonk 
19ft IlHAAGias 

34 V, lift Aldus 
Mft 23 AlexBta 

19V. 4ftAlKsR 
3v, 1'Vi, AIIASetn 
12ft 7ftAJienPtt 
16 7ftAtnSemi 
Mft 33ftAIHedGa 
74 ft lft Alpha 1 
35 ft 7ft AtohaBra 
39 V, 21 ftMftra 

24 ft lDViAltrans 
92 6&'r.A<nerOn 
30ft 20ft ABtikr 
19ft 13ft AQosVov 
33 lOftACoaoM 
34ft 75ftAmnw>r 
34ft 25ft AGrsm s 
34ft SftAHtttKPS 
77ft 1 5ft AMIS 
17', AftAMIedE 
23 12ftAmMbSat 
30ft )«ftAPn*Cv5 
28 ISftAmResM 
39ft 22ft AmSuPT 
37 ISftAmToie 
15ft IQftATrovel 
16ft 7ftAmerCas 
26ft 19V, Aimed 
57 ft 34ft Amgen 
IS 5 Amrton* 
33*. BftAimcnCp 

17ft !OV,AncnCm 
44'„ 19ft Andrew 5 
21ft 13 Andrm 
31ft lSftAntec 

31 375 14 

_ _ 3 19ft 

_ 10 395 15V, 
■ 12o 3 10 171 14ft 

— — 153 13ft 
_ 30 517 33ft 
_ 35 249 45ft 
_ _ 372 lift 
40 T 4J 15 794 16ft 

_ - *21 raw. 

_ II 23 34ft 
„ 53 13ft 

_ 13 9178 17ft 
.. 36 429 19V. 
_ 20 $411 19 
_ 10 115 25 
_ 29 1346 9ft 
AO 74 7 234 6ft 

_ 17 5493 70ft 
_ _ 131 15 
.16 3 13 14 35ft 

20 4 38 3493 33ft 

_ 171 5ft 
„ _ 1767 6ft 
30 A 14 2113 33ft 

J4 4 15 151 30ft 

.108 J 111 137* 13ft 

.. _ 89 13V, 

_ _ 334 7ft 
I-74e 74 -. 103 63ft 
_ — 8DD lift 
40 1.6 13 19 25ft 

_ 73 ISIS I3H 
_ 78 578 33 
40 3J 17 1572 25ft 
_ 28 281 16ft 

= '. 4 !w ism 

._ 19 1799 lSft 
40 2.1 7 194 29V. 

_. 4 at i6ft 

.776 2ft 

_ _ i lift 
30 3591 38ft 
_ 13 370 15ft 
.Ole _ 98 2543 74ft 
3.4 8 416 21ft 
.16 14 46 693 Uft 

44 14 IB 142 13ft 

_ 31 980 34 ft 
46 1.9 16 61871 39ft 

._ 10 175 6ft 
_ a 547 26ft 
... 13 689 Bft 
_ 387 Uft 
_ 37 6886 17ft 
-. 13 1153 28 
_ _ 17 28 

_. - 30 Uft 

_ 10 578 14ft 
_ _ 42 7ft 

44 1,0 32 231 23ft 

_ 2D 12222 55ft 
_ IS 365 6ft 
48 4 II 4046 Soft 

_ 10 436 Uft AcMms 
25 13ft APdDptt 
X) 12 ft Akatovs 
54ft aft Apt dMI 5 
21 15ft A/txirUrfl 
75 ISftArtxKHI 
i» i2ftArencm 
35ft 26'.. ATOOGc 
33ft 12ft Araosv 
15ft BftArttBest 
aft Uft Armor 
SftlB Arnolds 

24ft 7 ArtsR 

13ft TftAshwrffl 

46 74 AsoctTl 
34ft 72 AsdOnA 
33ft 31ft AMCmB 
20ft 11 Astecs 
34ft 27ft AfitorloP 
3816 21 ft AIISaAIr 
1 1 AtmW S 
36 ft 15ft AuBon 
w, 4ft AuroSy 

12ft 3V,Ausnex 
61 ft 37 Autodk 
34 V. 33ft Autolnd 
29 ft 13ft Autotot S 
31 ft U AvtdTch 

„ 17 mul7ft 
_ a 794 44 
_ 9 186 17ft 

_ _ 1934 31 
48 1.4 2113608 35 

42 .1 43 5629 17ft 

44 J 28 484 Uft 

_ _ 337 19ft 
_ a III 17ft 
_ 24 3746 » 
J4 1J 72 181 3Dft 

_. a 20 20ft 
^ - 65 17ft 

1.16 3.9 9 30 30ft 

92 166 Uft 
44 J 70 1387 13 

M 10 IV 40 71ft 

40 2.0 18 414 30ft 

- 1610404 Uft 

_ 24 2SB 10ft 
_ 24 AM) 35ft 
_13£® 169 26 
_ 1300 27 34 

_ 11 6 13ft 

_ _ 164 34ft 
J2 14 16 2311 37 

- 27 9695 28ft 

_ 37 680 Uft 
_ _ 3084 7ft 

_ 15 328 Sft 

AS 4 2313171 60ft 
_ 18 363 28ft 
_ 47 1796 18 
_ 28 8628 u 33 ft 

13ft !3Vc —ft 
Uft 19ft -'A 
14V. 15ft —ft 

14 Uft * *>i 

17ft 13ft - 
32ft 33 —ft 
45 45ft * ft 
1 0ft lift -ft 
Uft Uft —ft 
37ft 38ft -ft 
23ft aft —Vi 
13 13 

Uft 17 

IBft 19 -ft 
IBft 19 
24ft 25 - ft 

8ft 9ft -ft 
6ft 6ft —ft 
20ft 30ft —ft 
13ft 13ft— IV. 
35ft 35ft _ 
31ft 32 —ft 

5ft 5ft -ft 

5 ft 6ft -ft 
32ft 33 -V. 

39V. 79ft —ft 
12ft Uft - ft 
lift lift —ft 
I ft 2ft, -ft 

at u aft —ft 

14ft 15 V. 

25V. 25 ft —V, 
Uft Uft —ft 
31ft 31ft —ft 
24ft 25ft -V, 
lHkl5'*n — *„ 
7ft 79„ -ft 
10 10ft _ 
15 15V. -ft 

28ft 38 Va _ 
I5ft Uft -ft 
lft |qr„ — >/ M 
lift lift —V, 
27ft »’* —ft 

15 15V|,— 7/n 

73 74V, » V. 

51ft 31ft -ft 
Uft Uft -ft 

13 13ft -ft 

aft 7*ft -ft . 
38ft 79 * ft 

6ft 6W —ft 
76 76ft .ft 
B aft - v. 
Uft Uft —ft 
IBft 18V. -ft 
27ft » -'ft 
27ft 78 —ft 

14 Uft ♦ ft 
Uft Uft —ft 

8ft 8ft • ft 

73 73 —ft 

Uft 55 —ft 
A 6ft —V, 
9ft 10ft -ft 
Uft Uft —ft 
Uft 17ft tv, 
43ft 43ft —ft 
Uft Uft —ft 
79ft 31 ,1ft 
34ft 34ft _ 
Uft 17ft -ft 
14 Uft —ft 
IB 19ft * ft 
17 17V. ♦ ft 

50 51 ft - 1 ft 

20 20 —ft 

lVft 19 V, —ft 
Uft Uft -ft 
30 30 

16 16ft _ 

12 Uft -ft 
21ft 21ft _ 
19ft 17ft —ft 
13ft 13ft —ft 
9ft 9ft —ft 

34ft 35 -ft 
35ft 26 -ft 
75ft 26 -ft 
13ft Uft —ft 
34 34ft ... 
25ft 25>»— 1ft 
2/i . 28 -ft 
Uft 16ft -ft 
7 V,, 7ft —V. 
4ft 5 -ft 
57ft a —ft 

28 28 —ft 

17 18 - >7. 

30ft 33 ,2 

§ 7'..,casAma 

71ft SftCasMagic 
35 TUCcbHE a 
19ft 8 Com Sir 
MV 9 CofoCc 
19 17 CMomn 

S ft 13% Celestial 
ft UftCeUPra 
MV 9ftCdistar 
54V, 40V. CelCmA 

12 Monti 
H4>n Law SW* 

27ft lift FJdewY 
a 45 RftnT 
17ft 7ftFiHtoA 
39ft ISVfitoNet 
17ft 7 FilBuffl 
35% 28 Rraters 
30 I7ftPWUHt 
34ft TSftRATn 
26 ISftPColBn 


Ofv YM PE 1801 

wan Lowueatarg* 

12 Month 
Hah Low Sleek 

Dtv Yld PE KBo HWi Low Latest pa 

12 Month 
Hell Law Sort 

1J4 14 14 »T 

_ _. 66 
- W 1136 

27W 27ft 27ft -ft 
51ft 50ft 51.. „ 

31 ft 23 ft F=CpmC 1 
27 JOftRFWUs 
19ft U PtFllCp 
31ft 23ft RHOW 

21 ft 6ftPtPCNtw 
20ft 13ft PstPoBvi 
31ft 23ft PSecCp 
46ft 35ft Fst Term 


10ft vftFoanwx 

7ft SHFtttJoB 
7ft SftftJLiQA 
38ft 30ft FerAm 
5% JWRjrertO 
24ft ID Rasa 
25 3 40 Soft 

Uft 7ft FromTc 
33ft 19 FrshChc 
arti tja Frtn 
SOft UftRinco 
15ft 6ftPuturHI s 

31 llftCMCmPR 
34% 4ft Cedrics 
24ft U CeniCel 
43 10 Canto rm 
15% 6hCenrocer 

f - 


4J B 476 
13 _ 268 

a 9 6M 
13 142 
_ „ 1255 
_ _ 368 
U U 359 
37 10 233 
_ 24 470 
! A U 1 


1.6192 1264 
141B3 2854 
14 11 48 

- _ 483 
_ 29 182 
_ 9 993 

21% 20% 21 ft. -ft 
lift 10ft lift -t> 
34ft 34ft 34ft -ft 
24% 24 A MW —Vg 
Bft 33ft 32ft — Vi, 
23V. 22V 27ft —ft 
27V. 26% 26% —ft 
24% 24ft 24% —ft 
Uft 15ft 16ft -ft 
30ft 27ft 27ft - ft 
7ft 7% 7ft -ft 
19U IBft 19 
31ft 31 31ft -ft 
66 *5% 65% —ft 

20% 30 20ft —ft 
18ft IBft 18ft — % 
lift 10% lift _ 
5% 5ft 5% - V„ 

18ft — % 

79% — ft 

15ft —ft 
13% —ft 
31!* —14 

5H 5ft jft —ft 
32ft 31% 31% —ft 
3% 3% m -ft] 

- 29 678 

- 34 2 

JUS 60 

- 68 37 

- a 307 

73 21ft 22 
7Vu 6% 6ft -ft 
12% lift 11% —ft 
30% 19% Uft —ft, 
34ft 34ft 34ft -ft 
38 37ft 37 Vi —ft 
Uft 15% 14ft - ft 
13 I2ftl2<ft, —ft. 

„ 12 T0T1 H6 8% fft —ft 
33 11 17 64 1*. 13ft 13ft —ft 

_ _ 1014 129ft m%12»ft -ft 

- 20 2M6 23 22 23 -% 

A 34 II » 15% 15% ISft _ 

M S 32 2618 44V, 43 44 —ft 

^ - 386 5% 5 5% —ft 

■_ 56 689 6ft 5ft 4ft +ft 
_ 2249- 10ft 9ft 10ft -ft 

M _2fS 23B1 24 2M4» 34 

_ 35 4336 22ft 20ft 21% -ft 
_ 34 Ml N6 m 9% —ft 
Jit &£ 44 IK 5 7ft 7ft _ 

- 25.8914 42% 41 43ft 4V H 
JH 3 1728031 22% 22 22ft —ft 

„ _ 366 34% 34% 34% — Vu 
JSO J 60 3R 6% 6 6 _ 

.219 165 4% 4ft 4% —ft 

_ 23 m Zm Dft 25ft -ft 

20ft 9 GMiS 
2SY. 1/ftGPFnd 
41% 7%GT1 
23% 9%Golev 
49% 34% Coiner 
14% yVGGSOnteS 
23 14 GoteFA 
34% 9ftGdB3000 

7V, 3WChtp*Tc 

21ft 4 Ownmda _ 73 3W »% »»— ft 

22V, IS CJOCO _ _ B70 71% 20% 21ft — % 

61V, 50 CinnRn IJfl 2J U 181 55ft 54% KV, -V 

34V, 25 Gntas .17 .6 37 613 31% 30% 30% 

15 BftGreon .. 14 9S2 10 9V, la -v> 

44%731'sCrru* _. 15 3835 31ft 30ft 30% - 

■MM* IB— Cisco 3 _ 1936596 23% 23ft 23 -ft 

28 llVQinkms _ 35 509 18% Uft Uft - v„ 

21 ft 13 QuDCar _ _ 176 15% Uft Uft —ft 

42 23%CstHlltl - 34 1471 36ft 34% 35 —I 

45 25 Copra _ 31 3778 u47 43% 46ft -J 

45 25 Copra 

4i ft 24 cocobh 

24ft 16 Cot lex id 
28 II Coonevs 
14% TftCogims 

31% 17 Cokxwn 
25% ITftCWrtSa) 
34ft U Carmir 
28ft 14ftC0mC3iS 
76 UftCmcsos 
22 ft 15%Cofnmfwl 
33 27ftCmcBMO 
27% UUOneFdl 
» UftComHISr 
26% MftComdBne 
IBft 9%CmorsL 
7 1 * 7%Cmpcm 
24 IfHiCmpOata 
12% 5ftCpWw- 
48 ft 21 Campimr 
16% B Comurrs 

9% 2%CcdCom 
28 17%(SncEFS 
ISft 5 ConcHhJ 
22 13 CwiMCI 

22% 14% COors B 
14% 3%Copy^ 

23ft 14%CoKk*F 
Mft ?7% Ci 
25 UftCorelCoS 

on S _ 45 SD7 14% 17ft 17% - 

Car _ _ 176 15% Uft Uft —ft 

lllti _ 34 U71 36ft 34% 35 —1 

-a _ 31 2728 u47 43% 46ft -2 

_]B1t 1,00 3.4 Jl *U 29% 29% 39% -% 

lex id Jle 1J _ 191 20% 20ft 20ft - 

wvs _ 36 505 19% 19 19 — W 

mg _ 98 U lift 10% 10% — % 

imt _ 30 69 13U 12% 12% —ft 

aen lOe .5 41 944 30ft 20% 20% —ft 

Ito M 2.9 7 1267 2)ft 20% 20% —ft 

dir J24 1J) IB 194 35ft MV 24% —ft 

all Jf> J _ 1146 17ft 16% Uft —ft 

SPS .09 J _. 7874 17V, 16% 16ft —ft 

imnol _ 40C 21ft 21% 31ft +ft 

SMO A3 2.1 12 152 32ft 9% 32% —ft 

Ml _ 9 239 38ft 26ft 24% - 

HtSy W 1377 23% 21% 23% -% 

dBne .92 3.7 10 517 25% 24ft 25 -ft 
rsL — 113 2353 11% 10% 11% — % 

cm _ 9 6Z7 3% 3% 3*6, — ft, 

Data .10 A 10 223 Uft 13ft Uft - % 
M> _ _ 500 6% 6% 6% —ft 

gum -. M 1678 39ft 3* 39% - ft 

vers „ 15 491 9% 9% 9% -. 

Ion _ 12 969 3% 3 3% -ft 

£FS 38 1183 27ft 26 26% -ft 

*ad _ 8 120 6ft 6 Aft » ft 

49% j/% Genet Inst 
31% 6V]Gerala 
35% IB GtfMI 
5% 2 ft Gerais 
38% 24 Gennrm 
17% 6% Geo A 
61*437 GrmSw 
23ft l!%G8>snG 
MW u GidLew 
19 6HGSH0 

SSft 24%G%nayrs 
12ft fKObVPos 

SOft 9 GoodGy 
20 11 GdyFarn 

26% 19%GeutdP 
12% 6ftQraffPav 
36ft UftGrnteC 
19ft TJftGrtFnd 
14ft 6' VGn-keAv 
Mft U Granfld 
4% lftGrasmn 
15*^ 12% Gryphon 
Uft 9% Guests 
28ft 19ft Guttsau 
31% T Gupta 

51 v« 34% Grmhree 
31ft UftHBOs 

26 12%Corlmaq 
16% 6ftCorctCo 
37% 9ftCattCa 
36ft 14ft Cvntrv* 
34 BftCrTctiL S 
28 10 CredSvS 

33ft 20 tnJAcpS 
33% IftCrOSCom 
39ft 30 V. CulInPr 
28 UftCuSICh 
Uft UftCvanciO 
12% SftCvsmu* 
41ft IBViCyrirCp 
35*7. llftCvrk 
8ft JftCytRx 

30 81 29% 29 29ft -ft 

-. - 2927 /ft 6ft 6% —ft, 
_ _ 567 1! 14W Uft —ft 

-. 15 199 71ft 31ft Jlft _ 

_ 31 4339 Sim, 4BW 48% — % 

_ _ 991 19ft 18ft 19 — V„ 

- 25 397 20 Uft 20 -ft 

_ 43 242 Uft Uft Uft -ft 

.10 - SB 133* 10% 10ft 10% ♦%, 

_ IB 3913 21ft 19% 30% -ft 

.03 .1 27 3541 24% » 34% _ 

- 16 9983 17% 17% 17% —ft 

_ 19 2701 23% 22% 33% -ft 

_ 42 306 30% 30 30% -1 

_ 36 399 10ft 9% 10% -W 

AO 1.6 11 116 38ft 37% 37ft —ft 

.88 7 A 13 28 55% 55% 55% -ft 

-. 18 324 Uft 15% 14 —ft 

40ft ITftHoooar 

35V, 16 HamltnBc 
18% 12% HaroGo 
24ft 19%Harvlfrf 
37 17 HRMSVE 

26 MftHBCmo 
25% UVHeartTc 
Uft SHHchOA 
17ft 1 3ft HMenTr 
31 uftHanxte 

_ 25 529 13ft 
U 11 2806 35 
_ 13 146 lift 
_ 13 1019 19 
_ 41 466 47ft 

- .» IM 12ft 

_ 17 619 31ft 
_ 12 3122 15% 
_ 23 1163(138% 
~ 35 mn raw 
_ _ 74 9% 

_ „ 830 39 

6356 Tift 

_ 25 299 20ft 
_ 41 353 4ft 
_ 13 1698 33ft 
_ _ 5369 8M4, 

1.0 13 27 60ft 

15 93 351 Uft 
A 1812383 Uft 
_ _ 352 II 

„ 29 156 53% 
„ 17 1429 Aft 
. 13 1610 11% 
_ 17 36 13ft 

3.9 IV ira 21 

_ _ h r 

1.1 21 51 18% 

_ _ I4T1 16% 
„ _ 20 7ft 

A 30 3037 31 

_ „ B61 2% 
_ _ 139 14% 

- a 414 19ft 

_ _ 527 29 

_ _ 2955 10ft 
_ 35 1283 47 
-3 40 206 30ft 
3 10 n a 

« II 644 29% 
14 18 863 16% 

13*ri Uft 

12% 1} 12 -ft 

3% 2ft 3% *■** 
28 ft 28 28% + W 

20 % 20 ft 20 ft - 
16% 16% 16V, _ 

16% 15% 15% _ 

11% 11% lift —ffi 
Aft 6ft 5ft - 
21ft 20ft 21 -ft 

3d>IA,24<Vi, —Vi, 
Uft lift -ft 
17ft 18 —ft 
47ft 47% 

13ft 121% -S 
30ft 20ft —ft 
15 15ft +ft 
36 37%-lVu 

9% 9% — 
3BV, 38% — 
IBft 10%— 1 

n soft 
4ft 4ft - 
X!% 32ft— I 
TftliPVi, - 

VftliPVu -ft 
60ft 60% _ 

IFft 15ft — W 
ITVh 19 -1% 

10ft 10% _ 

51% 53ft -U 
6 Aft -7 
11% 11% -ft 
in n% -% 
20ft 20% — ft 
6% 7 +ft 
18% 11% -ft 
76ft 1 6ft _ 
7% TV, -V, 
20 30W —ft 

2ft 2ft —ft, 
Uft 14ft -eft 
19 19ft -ft 

275, 27% —ft 
9ft 9ft —ft 
45 46ft -1ft 
29% 30 -ft 
27ft 27% —ft 

23V, 1 6ft Lance M £2 19 29 IBft 18% 18% —ft 

.is 1.7 'S 4 ^ Sii 


15ft 9 Leeftors _ M 68 14 13% 13% —ft 

Mftl/ViLeSort „ 15 im 22 21% 31% —ft 

2Sft 16ft LAvAfOn s „ 38 ,283 20% 19W 20*A +fi 

20 tftLfoUS* „ 12 ton n 8ft |% —ft 

18 llftUirvtnas JO 2.1 17 66 14- 13% 13ft —ft 

lWMMftUnBrt _ _ 1016 129% 12B%129W 

aVi Is*/. Linear* s _ 20 7946 a n 23 -ft 
20% IfftelincTls J2 %A U 69 15ft 15ft 15% _ 

: 49%29%unearfc M S 33 Min aav, 43 44 —ft 

8% dftUrnm ^ _ 386 5ft 5 5ft —ft 

lift 4ftLoJodk •_ 56 689 6% 57. 6ft +% 

17% 6%Lodo&|t . _ „ MW 10% 9% 10% +% 

27ft 21 Loew c no M _2fl 2«i » mu _ 
JJWUVfiLnepk - 35 4336 22% 29ft 21ft *Vk 

12% AftLrSS _ 34 Ml 9ft 9% 9ft —ft 

23ft 6 LofUryE Jit 6J 44 IK 8 7% 7% _ 

B6H 29ft Lotus .. 2S 89T4 43ft 41 43% +Vh 

SftZlftMO JH 3 1728031 J2ft 22 22% —ft 

57ft20%MF5CRl „ _ 366 34ft 34% 34ft— ft, 

4% iftMMMevor JSo J 60 3R Aft « 6 _ 

8% 4ft MIC 6w .219 165 4ft 4ft 4ft — % 

te%17ftMSCarr _ 23 990 t3% Bft 23ft ♦% 

Uft lftMTCS _ _ 877 3W, 3ft 3% *% 

21 7%Maawitd _ 40 578 12ft 11% Uft _ 

19ft SftMadoo 1692 1 2ft 19 12 — % 

18ft fftMosFtir _ _ 642 3ft 2ft 3ft 

40% 28 MaomP . 12 122 28% 28 28% 6% 

21 ITftAtapGa 36 17 13 ia 20ft 20ft 20ft - 

17 llWMOrfScB .120 J _ m 16% 14% 16% _ 

27% TOftMsOinft _ - 3l 16W 15% 15% _ 

15% 7%McrOW¥l _ 94 59 lift 11% iTvi —ffi 

rn 3ft Maori _ 17 is 5% 4% 5% - 

Z7%12ftMcrtmtt _ 91 1875 21% 20% 21 -ft 

71%23%MkTVrain .96 3J 12 612 28% 27% 27% _ 

a% 8 Moron „ 50 <47 m 12% 13% —ft 

24%18%M<nhtts JO 3S 19 710 28ft 19% 20% —ft 

raftKHAM aaagd .He J* 11 83 Uft 16% 18% —ft 

13 4ftM«rx9» _ IS 701 7% 7% 7% +% 

15% 7%MaxcrHlt _ 124 m 13ft 13% 11% 

S8W35 Maxim ^ 37 1063 56 55 56 +fi 

Bft 4 W Maxtor _ _ U95 5ft Mt 5% — % 

57% 46% Matter .. - 3493 SPA 5TK 51% — ft 

26%l7ftMcCor M 15 75 MSS T9W iflfb 19 

38%21%MBdQBh _ 36 12W 34% 33% 33ft — W 

16% 7%Medor _ 1* 47 10% 9% 10% —ft 

46% UaVWlBdVsn - - 1914 l 1 ^ 1VU inC +Vu 

W¥k BftModCmp _ as 11 19% 19ft 19% —ft 

a UWMAdSh A U li 76 34% 23% 23% —ft 

ra 10 Madkus JHe 3 19 91 12 11% lift _ 

iwnuMMsn _ a w im m i» _ 

IV% 3% Megohm _ 10 490 5ft 5ft 5% -ft 

23% lOftMegotaar n. 17 ma uu ta% 19 ♦% 

34ftlSftMenWr« _ 24 1362 20 tm WA 

J 7ft 12 Atontor _ 14 147 15W 15% 15% 6% 

17% 9 MenIGr _ _ 14*9 U 10ft 10ft - 

3l*ftil7ftNUtfiks Aft 3.1 f3 484 (02 71%. ZTft —ft, 

34ft 4ft Mercer _ id uaa 12% n% im -ft 

39%25%MereGo J0 26 9 649 27% 26ft 27% — W 

23 7 Martin, _ 42 137 10% 9ft 9ft — % 

Mft MftAtrdnBc IM 43 13 676 32ft 32% 32ft „ 

26 Pore) tan 

44% 21% P<«THT£n 

Pfy YM PE WK Hon LnwLOWtQl’W 
„ 25 147 Uft Uft U ♦% 

. -S5Sgfi*SSftS® + ^ 

liMonOi _ . 

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4l%23% Oracles 
22ft IDMprndo 

21 ft 12 1 /. OshBA 
68 raUOxftMtS 
»W IflViPXRE Cp 

12% 13 W - 
34 24% ♦ ft 

14V, 16 —ft 
3% 3ft— V l. 
37 37% ♦ ft 

lair'SK 1 

^ II 4 4 * 

- 57 1646 UW 16 16 —ft 

8% 2 L‘ 

- 34242© MW 22ft 23%. —ft 

or r, Mituiiiin, , — mm .... mo 36 37% , ft 

»W 27ftLancStr S .12 J 19 2076 35 34%34W U -4V M 

92794 14%dl3% 14 —1% 

_ 25 2457 45% 44 45 eft 

- _ 736 13* 13% 13% — W 

- 10 102 7ft 6ft 7 - 

- 18 4 77 17 17 

J8 1 J U 177 19% 19% 19% — % 

- 16 sm 13% 13W 13ft — ft 

- 41 1930 22% 21 U 22% eft 

_ 12 832 T2 11% 12 eft 

1 J 47 U 151 31% 31 31% _ 

1.14 X4 I0X2M 34* 34 34 —ft 

- - 469 9% 9*9*1, 4 V„ 

_ _ 4 11% 11% 11% -% 

- - 26TB 5% «% 5 K W 

1.00 3J 7 381 2B% 28ft 28ft 1 *4t 

- _ 2*57 5% 5% 5% 4% 

- 15 351 15% Uft 15ft fW 

- — 349 25V4 25% 25% 4% 

- 30 276 22% 22 22% +% 

- 41 14779 40% 39% 39ft —ft 

- 64 571 17% 16% 17% -e* 

- 15 2243 UW 14% 14ft — 

JldZJ - 168 15% 15 15 _ 

- » 2792 27% 26% 27ft eft 

- 54 541VU6SW 66 66ft — W 

JO IJ 6 297 25V, 25 25% e% 

1 JOa 11 11 503 48% 47% 47% - 



1.1 34 1507 27% 

- - 393 . 4* 

- ffSS-dl 

V-UXi % 

_ 12 706 IS* 

- 811769 25% 

- - 55 4% 

_ - IB 47% 

- _ 565 4* 

- - 76M 14* 

- 7 533 5% 

- _ 450 21% 

■ JZ IJ 15 810 22 

.ea IJ 13 13 21 

- — 32 8 

- 40 7M 38 

- _ VU 11 

79. WftVW U lno J2 
35 ZlftWauxPs 44 
30 13 VHtUW • 

J4 4.T f 431 21 
Jl 15 i 23M 20 


8% 7* 8% +Vi 

S U 37% 37% — W 

W 10* 11% eft, 

20* 20* —ft 

36% io anwGa 
20ft aWShprwd 
17% S ShCMbfe 

to SkyWest JSa 
5 Skybax 

I3W S Skybax 
39% 10 Sot**. 

23 lOftSoiMask 

Oft 6WS8SC 
«* 3 SINyPb 

15 6WSamttfan 
28ft 17%Sonicdp 
13ft AW^OMcSof- 
25ftWftSanocc6» 46 
SAW 47 -SanocPpf 225 
Z2ftl7V.Sauthtrst J8 
12% BWSauBcp -10D 
2«% lpftSpaoeLb 
MWllftSpartMot Jse 

3J ft 2015 . 34* 
1574 17W 

- » 19980 21 W 

- 13 159 4ft 
SJ _ 212 21ft 

- - 622 22<ft, 

- _ 936 6% 

IJ 15 3209 34 
_ 17 1015 13% 

j tv am ra 

- « 99S 17W 

- 28 1502 u 31 ft 

- 2122125 14% 

- 13 129 Uft 

- - 34 16% 

- 14 58- 8% 

- - 1604 4ft 

_ - MI9 Sft 

- 20 102 '17ft 

- 26 643 -9ft 

2J 17 1438 22% 
4J — 13l 50% 

3J 10x2044 21* 
IJ 11 919 10% 

- 14 16 22 

J 19 185 U 

Uft MM - 
4%'SVft. +% 


im uft +% 

20 20ft +%' 

4 -4% _ 

21 21. — % 

21% 22% eft 

5% 5* _ 



is Asses', 

34% CftWStcots 

Jl U t 23M 

. - a aai 

S 3 U 100 
U IS 3848 
— — 42 

20% 20* —4ft 
20 raw —% 


13% 13% ♦% 

- 2310142 raw 21% 31% e% 

.10 A 2 07 26% 25% 26W +W 

- 27 233 30%. 19* »% - 

JO - - 24% - 

Jl 2J 13 547 31* 31% 31% —ft 

- 2) 1652 13* 11% I3%— «*« 
JO* J _ - 35 14% 13* 14% e* 

- - 307 11% lift 11% —ft 

- 34 1119 21% 38 31% +ZW 

- - 88 14 13* 14 - 

■ _ 82 8MW Hi BH - 

. Z ra 443 15% Uft 15 — W 

- 64 867 13ft 12* 13* -e*A 

- - 143 14% 13% 14 eft 

56 2J 23 302 47% 46ft 47% +% 

- Jl 3579 V ra% raw — * 

19% 17ft 19* eft 
22% 21% 21% e _% 

19*11%VVUSy5 . 

10* ZftVKtwOn 
371*29 WWreRvr 

33 33 — w 

11% n — % 

30ft 6W.Who*Oy I 

raw 27% e% 

II* 11 ♦* 

UftlTKWectarfed JO* J _ 35 14% I3V 

20* 9*WttaPb _ _ 307 lift 111 

raftiswwsmatr _ 34 im raw n 

1J6 4J ra 343 27% 26W 27 eft 

15ft Uft -ft 

str* = 

49ft 58* _ 

21% 82 e* 
15% 14 4 W 

29*12 Wandwr* 

22 lMWorttHS 
59ft 29 XDtm 
28% IZHXfetom 
30" 12 XpedM 

23 mtXytaofc 

37% 59% 4 1 W 
Uft 17W +V, 

2d 72 1310 20ft 30% 20ft — W 
— 24 4759 44% 42ft 43W — * 

— 24 4759 44% 42ft 43 W — 1 

— 2212123 20% 17% 19% 4 11 

— 38 1735 3B If 20 el 

— ra ira raw 19% 20 *v 

30- llUXyptex - 14 an 18% 17% H% eft 

30% lift Yefiuicp JA. 4J - 2086 20* 19* 30 e% 

raamyiHnw ■ — 

nw B zotecp — 

60ft 23% Zebra • j. 

28ft T3 7Mt I hh* . — 

40K24%ZOoa — 

45% 34 ZJonBcjr 1.13 2J 
43% S*Z00A6«1 _ 

- « *• 12ft 12, .17* eV 

_ 86 1416 9* 9* 9% +V 

- 34 514 39ft 3Bft 38ft — V 

- » 1S29 Jl 20% 20*— V 

5 -5 J 5 3 i ta rSwTi 

- 14 1132 9% 9* 9* — h 


17 Month Sis I 17 Manm Sb I 1] Month Sb 12 Martb Sb- I 12 Mtntl 5% 

High Low, Stock On, YM PE IMS Rmti LawLatedOi'y I Hgh Low Stack Div Yld PE 1005 Ugh LOwUXesttyo, Hph Low Stock Dh YMPEHB HW LooLoMstCtroe Ugh Lai Stock PY YM PC IPOS Hkn LQyrUXestOi’ae I HOP Low Stack Dhr YM P6 IPOs Utah LXiwLnteUQi'ott 

Monday’s Closing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on wall Street and do not reflec 
tiate trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 

Ut.II COPRU tJ8 I4J 21 

- a s 

7B 22V»CoiFn 1JOO 6J _ 

lift lift I % 


71V. 21 W ^ 

7ft 3 GomoB 
14 W 19 W Goran 

17V, AftCatalLI 
17 BftCovxXH J 
Sft av.OentTcr 
lft ’WCerrtTc y 
21 ’',17ft ffijrR n 
4 4WCFCdo g 
17% u%Qm«e 
Uft 7. cryCm 

4ira ,,n — 

27ft 23% eft 

lift 1 1 V, 4W 

12 Momti 

Huh Low, Stock 


CKv YW PE 10(15 

Low Latad 01*99 

9ft 8 AIM Sir J2 5J 
37 23ft ALC 
5% IftARIHId _ 

26ft 22 ARM F Of 2J8 9.9 

3 J*’i,A5R J3e 9.9 

75ft 61 ft ATT Rl 2.710 4J 

26ft 22 ARM F Pl 2J8 9.9 

3 H’gASR J3e 9.9 

75ft 41 ft ATT Fd Z71«4J 
8ft 4 AckCom 
5 3*AoneU 
3"h 19h Adlan - 

6ft 4 AflmRx - 

17 W VftAJvMag 
2* ft AdvMcdT 

2* ftAdvMedT _ 

ID IWAdMdpt _ 

5ft 2 AavPhat _ 

16% r&AirWat - 

4% JftAircoo _ 

12ft 8ft Alba w „ 

Sft 3% Aierra n . 

16ft 16 AHaaonn 1.44 BJ 

I Aft 3% AOdRsn _ 

lift 7ft AHouH - 

6ft 3 AJpholn — 

II AftAJpinGr . - 

64 56ft Alcoa Pl 375 6J 
1*6, ftAmaxGwt - 
7ft 4ftAmdm _ 

iw, ftAmniTh - 

Uft 9ftAE51P2 1J5 111 

’f* H 

8ft 2%AmEa>» 

-. 57 8 

* TOO 33% 

i ’S 

~ 33 7ft 

- 32 67% 

3 IB 6 
... 10 3ft 

H 26 % 

55 'n jh 

4 227 ft., 

- 43 9% 

= s ^ 

13 104 2H 

14 s nw 

- 3 m 

- 172 18 

17 3B 4 
11 II Bft 
_ 26 5ft 

- 74 7ft 

_ zioo saw 

- so v, 

- 1770 7W 

- 33 'ft, 

- 22 lift 

a 22 raw 

11 40 78ft 

- 2 2*Vi, 

8 8 —ft 

33% 33ft -ft 
2ft 2ft _ 
5ft 5ft — W 
23V, 24 -ft 
3V„ 2%, _ 

67ft 67ft —ft 
Sft 5% —ft 

Uft 16ft -ft 
ft 1#,, _ 

9ft 9ft —ft 

7ft 8 — 

29* .29" * V " 

lift 1IW - 
4V. 4W —ft 
17V, IB 
4 4 * Vl 

8ft BV, —ft 
59„ 5ft -V, 
7W 7ft —ft 
58% saw —ft 
ft ft _ 
7 7ft —ft 
'V, ft — V , 
lift Uft -ft 
22% 22ft —ft 
27ft 27ft —V, 

_ 45 48 

_ 41 1665 
_ 43 24 

_ 13 171 
_ .. 1SS 
.11 .9 10 60 

... 1425843 
1.20 D 4.1 10 30 

— — 27 

1J1 7J _ 19 

_ IS 189 
_ 25 4M 

.18 IJ U 198 

- 25 24 

.. 52 12 

32% 24 Chflm pf 1J1 7J _ 
7V, 3% Chiles _ IS 

15ft AWChraPn _ 25 

20ft 3ftCfDdel _ _ 

9ft 6ftCtzFsl .18 1.9 14 
Bft 6ft anzlnc _ 25 

49 J4% Ck-crC 5 .. 52 

3ft Ynairtco — _ 

Bft 6 CoasiO - 11 

7ft IftCoonitrn — _ 

10% 9 ConcnSir JB 7.1 _ 
22% Uft Canu . J4 IJ n 
2Wnl6WColADfACMJ0 _ - 

6ft 3*C0ILb 
10% .TftCofuEno 

- 25 24 

.. 52 12 

- _ 180 

-11 9 

J 11 60 

_ ... 8 
_ 37 214 

Uft lift ♦ W 
17ft J2ft _ 
7ft 7W —ft 
1L%» lft - Vi, 
20W 20% eft 
SW SW - 
17% 17W _ 

9W 9ft eCi 
8% 8ft —ft 
2 2**1, — 
2ft 2W — ’ft 
37V. 33 *W 
24 36ft »W 
129, ljft — % 
10% lift -1ft 

ray, 29ft —ft 

Uft 15 -ft 
24* 24W _ 

ft 4ft *'ft 
12% 12ft —ft 
4% 5 -% 

9* 9* - 

8% IW 
45ft 45% —ft 
Wr %, e’ta 
7% 7ft -Vi 
2ft 2ft— Vi, 
9ft V* ‘ft 

34 W 19 W 1 
4% 1V„I 
Sft Ifti 
15W 7 1 
I'Vh Wi 
4'Vu II*i 
13V, 8ft I 
36ft UWi 

19 109 Sft Sft Sft —ft 
8 B 20. 19ft 19% _ 

_ 22 6ft Sft 5ft —ft 
— 485 4ft 4% 4% .ft 
» IM 15% Uft 15 ,H 

fl X & /- 4 ^ 

VU tauAAarflpn 

13 99 12% lift 12 —ft 

is "ft % 

2? tA UK 

_ 2*J 13% 12* 12% ♦» 

88 262 12ft lift 12% eft 

22 IB R6, l*1*Va-V H 

_ 105 ft ft ft eft, 

- 110 SW 3W Sft eft 

- i AW 4W 6W ** 

- 45 low 10% law - 

17% llftGfcWatr 
19ft UftGkjtm 
17ft llftGtaSmin 
16W 6 GtoWink 
jft lftOoVkUo 
OJu VuGoVdwf 
6ft SViGolcJCOAn 
6V. SftGakksBn 
17V, BWGKtStarn 
15 AWGfdwSom 
30 ZtftGorRoop 
3ft lftGronaa 
7% dWGrenm 
7 SWGmTetn 

1 6ft AWMovTuPn Z 

e war- - - 

13ft lft,MecnaLo0 _ 


,7% IWMmnHir „ _ 

irafcl4>/.Mndic«> JO IJ 

nwwSSSi z 

1 121 lU 

_ 412 lft 

“ ff J* 

I 11 % 

no 16 15% 

12% i¥& it 2 eft 
Sft d aft I* —ft 
Oft lft Bft —ft 
33ft 33% 33% —ft 

71% lift 17% 

3^ 2$3&7g 

4 3* 4 _ 

3% 3% f* — * 

T. ^ 

_ _ A J *«* 

it ^ % Rb s 4 ^r 

- Aft 6% Aft *% 

18* 18% eft 

25ft 25ft -% 

O’Vu 4T6, — * 

4ft 41 m, — %, 

17 lOftComlnc 

.7% 6*CmdA9tn J60 aj ._ 

14ft II WA1M B6n JO* 6J 

S2 32 Wiro^H 
18% 12ft Am Lit 
22ft UftAMzeA 

uft sv.AmPoo n _ 

9ft 6% ARElm, n Jl 108 
12% 7ft ARosIr ,64 8J 
3% 2ft ASdE 

4 V. VwAmSnrd 

13% AftAmod 

329 IV, 
137 3* 

12 14ft 
20 12ft 
5 lift 
3 44 
2 17* 

is r 

230 7ft 

14% 10 Amyyeat 
34ft 9ft Andrea 
6 IWAnuMra 

7* SftAnuhca 
14ft SftAproann 
10 6 ArrowA 

13* SftAmyin 
4* 2 Asfratc 
1* .WAsrtwt 
12% IftAWI 
7ft 5 Anantk 

ft WAfbCM 

IBft aftAudvox 

3 VuAudre_ 
9ft 6 AurorEl 
2ft 2VuA=aon 

J4 7J B 


210 1* 

1 13 
177 13% 

J 5 5** 

306 u Bft 
63 BY, 

lft |V| 

3ft ,3ft —' ift 
Uft )4ft _. 
13% 12ft -V, 
lift Uft —V, 
44 44 -V, 

17ft II* - 

l?ft 20% _ 

21 91 eft 

7ft 7* -ft 
VJy 7ft — % 

3ft 3* I 
%, V* 
ft 3ft — "u 
V, 9% - % 
lft - W 
I 13 —ft 
1 % 13% —ft 
5ft Sft —ft 
7Y, Bft -ft 
ft Bft — *.. 
ft 7ft _ 
4 4ft -ft 
SVi, IV,, •'/» 
™ H — 
4 4V W 
*ft Aft - ft 

7% AftCmdAitt 
25% IlWComplah 
19>, % empire 
10ft AWConalF 
12% 7ft QxrtMfl 
31ft IWConvrsn 
9 SftOwsfE 
3ft IftCorNGn 
9 eftCouriid 
17ft 12ft cross 
12% 3ft Crow IM S 
34 W UftCmCP 
23ft 13 CmCPB 
21 ft UftCwnCr 
5ft 2ftCrui3Am 

_ 7 5 

~ 7 1 

- 8 178 

- 76 25 

J8e 3J - 
J4 4._ D?? 

.13 J 14 

ISft lS!-C 

,« a* =a 

■«% 'Vi. 

B* ■% _ 

12 12 -* 


r r-s 

^ % 4 

!■_. 18 —ft 

W] 'V„Gn** 
4ft, 2ftGHCdao 
3% 2WGtfCdapr 
,5ft £-ftGUILb 

846 5ftHJ^&at 
2. ftHMGWtA 
1% ’ftHMCwtS 
9 AftHdHax 


- .» 6% 6% 6* *W 

„ 101 4W 4W 4% -Vb 

_ 1685 4*y« d4% 4% —VS 

~ 29ft 2? 29ft _ 

lft lft 1% +Vn 
3Wu 3ft 3* — V14 


1V U 1ft. IV H e V„ 
1 w, u,; e V ; 
7% ?W 7% -% 

7Jft p)H *a 
7ft SftHametl 
7* 3ftNanoOr 
7* 3ftHanvDtr 
'’fit ftHan wt8 
1'».» laHartun 
5 2*»i,Hertyn 
14 W Sft Harold 
19 W Harvard 
I W Harvey 
J0\5 28 V, Hasbro 

9 m 7% 7W 7% e * 
89 65 TV, 6ft 7* »W 
_ 24 2ft 2% 2% _ 

- 234 3 2*Vh VU „ 

_ 18 5* 53 Sft _ 

30 35 4 3* 3* — W 

M 4076 4V U 4ft 4W _ 

— 390 ft Vi, V„ _ 

ii “?§ 2 la 

21 ,76 9W 8* 9* —ft 

_ ISO Itfu iVu liA, *v* 

% Z 

SSa ^^or = 

B^ESSlf E 

i,iS M 


9* 4%MMlAnt _ 


47 V. 3. J| l2 

15% 12 NoranMul J3 6 J 

INK- “ 

W PV-pdL wf 


I 4* m 3% |% — w 
10 16 15% 15* 15 *— Yh 

1 ’S w l% tJS 
z '! J 

_ 6 2> 3* 2* +* 

7 80 Ub 1* 1W y* 

- 5 J* 3* 3* — % 

_ 70 |W IW 1W _ 

9 SB 9% 9* 9% +* 


3 .il 1 #!-! 

» 173 1* 6W AW _ 

14 x| 18% IB* IJ* _*S 

T 99 II 4* 4* 4% _ 

16 1 34. 36. 36. 

21% 14*PrvEpo 
64 54ftPSOplpl 
24 20HPBte 

2»W 15ft PbS 9 

18ft U PnSI 10 

“ S E 

g ni “111 

II* r TftTnPw u M 

IQW 7%-mrroP _ 36 

16*72. Thrmfics _ 404 



1.12a 15 
1J6 BJ 


T.88 6J 


’32 % 

JO 16 


1 JW 63 

ThmcttAtl _ _ 10 9ft 

ThmO xf _4lS 434 12W 

fniiiws • — _. 70 1%. 

ThroeFi _ 34 295 40W 

Ttapen* . --B-J3 3W 

J* »* - 


,9* 9* eft 
12 13* — * 

9ft m Teatanor - ra "7 8% 

1* 1*A-Vu 

8* 8% eft 

■ 9 16% 16% U 

gusa r u 

30wI6* 16 U 
9 If 10ft Ifi 
25 14* 14W 14 

S ITaffBH 

12* 12ft +W 

4ft rt e* 

l »% Rouen r 

k J£g as 

E jp! 

i 1-35 lI 

8 - .15* I J B 2^ 13 M * 

. Z Z 205 & 

5 m IS 

J™* - - g 319 U4W 

7 SS ijZSL* : f /I 2SS 

'I is-? 

Wu 2W - 

s£ ”>* '4 

raSytj, e*. 
3* 3% e* 


a* awHimcn 
2T6, WHrthPro 

3% 1 HnnAm 

U% 9 Heico 

_ . */l, Vu «u — JA. 

16 2271 31% raw 30 ft — * 

10 .31 13ft 13% lift — '<£ 


18, ijftcurtoe 
3ft S'-iCirsrmd 
4% ViCycomm 

M 3.7 _ 14? 

15. I5Vi,- 4,, 
Jft 2ft -lft 
26 26ft — W 
17% 17% — W 
17* 17% 

2**,, 2% -ft 

2 2 — (ft 

7% SftHeUane, 
Uft oftHemlOB 


1SW14 Htowncn 

2»i. %Hotco_ 

- 129 Cft lift "ft— Vu 
_ 117 1* Iwl lft -vi 

28 2 9% 9% 9% " 

4* 2ftDRCA 
3% lftDtWato n 
at. 6 OooIHQ 
4'ft I V-, Datum! 
10* 4*oataram 
7% 21«>,OovS!r 
4, IftDavsIwf 
Bft SftDoxor 
12% TJ*] Decorat 
8% SWDefEK 
25% 21 DelLObS 
27* 17ftD8vnE 
iw riftisaa 4 
5* TftDiog 3 

- S 2ft 2% 2% 

_ W 2 9 2. 

37 3 Bft 8* 8'% 

222 732 U 4* 4Vu 4Vi, 

_ 33 5% 5ft VA 

_ 318 3% 3ft JU,,. 

... 35 1% lft lft 

11 42 6* 8* 4W 

“11% 11 11% 

28 2 9* 9% 9% _ 

Si’S % 

^ 5 MortHd” , * 23 40 
lift iftMunlh? J4 5J 
UW BHMunvn M to 
15ft llWMurytAZ Jl 6J 
2S*18*IWwlKd .11 J 
71 4aftN7NCom _ 

lift SftNVR _ 

5ft lMNVRwt - 

S; satjss ... = 

* *2 

12 87 14* U* UW — % 

- 57 IHft 1% lft —ft, 

- 10 4* 4bft 41* 4-Vw 

= S U-J s§=5 

* yxt 5 t-s 

-121 9* 9% 9% _ 

iStt SKSp- 


3 9 
116 . 1* 
l »* 

mzjsm. % im as 

11% WTUwC - _ 108 B* 




30% eft 




4 . _ 


m e 

> gay 

, Roodmit 

1J9 9.9 
J9* _ 

ra 20% ^20*-% 

ID 14* 14 14 — W 

19 5* Hondo 


1* v,,HouB«ri 
Uft TftHovnSi 
9* 5%H0WMk 
19 lOHHudGn 

-ii 4 . 2* a* ** 

25% d 7SW 25V. — w 
13% 13% 13% _ 

91 IT* 16* 14% _ 

R 16 8% 8% 6% *% 

_ 14Q U W % W •% 

- 2 1w * " 

- 2 * d ft % 

l5 106 8 Tfi 8, *% 

... 124 «% B Bft e w 

3 14 U* IB* 18* *% 




ft SSRIg 

% 8*1 


I" *Rvmoc° 

S 34 

U 407 3} 

M 1? *4 




f* ijogioj Z 

5 1 .io i3 if 

E uaeia !f 


JO SJ 1 

144 66 fd 


12* 12% — * 
12% 12* _ 
10ft 11* eft 
<% 5 eft 
3ft, 3* eft, 

T fft 1* 


11*10 DIMAC 
19% «ftDim™n* 
10. 3 OiodM 

9W *,DivCnm 
lHi .5ftDL«nriC ^ 

14V, lot’, DrP pfcW 
20% 14'-. DotmHIv 
18% 7T,OryCaf 
11% SftOryfMu 
11% •WDrylNY 
5% iUOucam 
11% EftPuptsy 
6 JV.Dvcamn 
PA. IftEOlm , 
ZJWIfl EoglFnCf 
1/% llftEsfnCa . 
48% 32%EChflFpt 

71, 8 
% % — 
7% 7% —ft 
2% ?Y| _ 

*% 7% 8*511X1 n 2J 
3SW21%BTcv7%nl.B8 BJ 
26%2l%BTcv7% 1.90 BJ 

2 17% 
46 7«% 
x20 26% 

?i raw 

IS 57. 
1109 J 1 /. 
35 22* 
27 11% 

31 2§W 
26 22% 

12ft 12% —V. 
76. >A —ft 


r r- - 

21ft Jl* — i* 
11% u* _ 
7% B - W 
22 73* * * 

22 W JJW — % 

% % — ’’B 

Itag tiVa _ 

3'., JW Q5 Jon owl 

36% Z9* BSMRK n 7.01 SJ 

26% iswloncni I 

JW 4W8mrEr» 

XaWSA 1006 ^ 

raw lJftBjnkMt J2e U 
Z7W 10 BiaRA _ 

21 ft 10% BioR B 
3* ftglioarwn _ 

3 v,, r.wgiscAao _ 

14% II BlkBlOf 1J5 9J 
UWI1WBCAIQ .790 4.9 

21ft IO%BioR B 
3* ftSiocnm 
3 9,, r.wgiscAoa 
u% It BlkBlOJ 
14% lift BNJIQ 
14* It WEWYIQ 
48 UftBidrCB 
£2 u%HounrA 
42 14*glounlB 
16* 13% Boothe 
5% iWBotrfnr 
M% 17% Bowne 
Jft 7*BradRE 
17% 8%Branan 

26 22% 
9 *Vb 
38 l'V„ 
57 21% 
308 20% 
28 law 
13 4% 


It 34% 

149 * 

92 24V, 

’ll ^ 

329 v 22% 


24 B 20% 20% 20% 
13 113 4ft 3ft 4 

13 50 4* 4* 4* 

_ 32 IW IV,, 1ft,- 

20 208 3* 7% 3* 

_ 55 10% 10% 10* 

8 163 17ft 1C* 17 

713 5% 5* 5% 

* 13 2ft 2 2 

21 6 9 .8* 9 

_ a 11 II 11 

18 64 17 Uft Uft , 

_ 14 8% Bft Bft 

_ 87 9% 9ft 9*4 

5* 3 104 Bit) .15 3J _ » 4% 4W 4W eft 

w*» 7* !« . - & Jt a* 8% Bft -ft 

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JK7JW ? 

Attend this major 
international conference to 
meet and question the region-s 
key decision-makers. 




10-11 OCTOBER, 199-1 |j*g , J 



Fiona Cowan. International Herald Tribune 
63 Long Acre. London WC2K9J1L UK 

Tel: (-1-1 71) 83b -1802 
Fax: H4 71> 836 071" 


Plage 16 



For Newest ' Canadians , ’ 
A Sizzling Vegas Debut 

By Chris Dufresne 

La Angela Tima Service 

LAS VEGAS — Oh, Canada, 
did they get letters. 

They came by fax, cable, ex- 
press mail. Some were cryptic; 
others official denouncements 
double-spaced on Parliament 

G.E Alexander, Regina, Sas- 
katchewan: “ ‘O Canada' is 
NOT sung to the tune of *0 
Christmas Tree.' " 

Jim Abbott, member of Par- 
liament, Kootenay East: *1 was 
absolutely disgusted with the 

pitiful insulting performance of 
the Canadian Natioi 

the Canadian National anthem 
on television on Saturday night. 
If we continue to exhibit a tack 
of pride in Canada, the greatest 
nation on earth, and passively 
allow the absolute butchering 
of our fine national anthem, we 
deserve to be the laughingstock 
of the United States, and I for 
one won't stand For it" 

Noreen Main, Regina:, 
“Well, you people have done it 
again. First, it was the flag up- 
side down at the World Series. 
Now we have a singer who can- 
not carry a tune, who sings the 
Canadian national an than to 
his tune and his words. What an 
insult to all Canadians.” 

Lee Meade gathered the 
stack of letters from his desk 
and returned them to a Ole. Af- 
ter a career in newspapers and 
public relations, Meade, 66, had 
retired to Minnesota when he 
was called back to head up pub- 
licity for the Las Vegas Posse, 
one of three 1994 expansion 
franchises awarded the United 
States by the foundering Cana- 
dian Football League. 

The CFL crossed the border 
into Sacramento, California, 
last year and this season put 
down stakes in Baltimore: 
Shreveport, Louisiana, and Las 

Self-respecting Canadians 
turned their heads for last De- 
cember’s Official naming of the 
Las Vegas franchise. For the 
team’s unveiling at the Lady 
Luck Hotel, a bare- bottomed 
ma gician known 35 Melinda , 
First Lady of Magic, was shot 
out of a cannon. 

The Posse, purchased for S3 
million by Ohio businessman 
Nick Mileti, held training camp 
at the Riviera Hotel, which tore 
up a parking lot and built the 
Posse a practice field adjacent 
to its casino. During camp, the 
team’s assistant equipment 
manager won $2^00 in jack- 
pots over two days. 

Coached by the National 
Football League-sawy Ron 
Meyer, the Posse does not have 
a Canadian- born player on its 
37-man roster. Canadian-based 
are required to have at 
least 20 “nooimports” on the 

Because of size limitations at 
Sam Boyd Stadium, the Posse 

soned pro, son of a circus acro- 


bat. He had been in show busi- 

The Posse held 
training camp at the 
Riviera Hotel, 
where a team 
assistant won 
$2,200 in jackpots. 

does not play on a standard 
CFL-sized field. The end zones 
are 15 yards deep, five shorter 
than regulation, and the playing 
width is two yards narrower 
than the standard 65 feet. 

It makes for cramped quar- 

Then there is the heat. 

Game-tune temperature for 
the team’s June 29 exhibition 
a gainst the Edmonton 
was 1 IS degrees Fahr- 
enheit (46 degrees centigrade), 
146 on the artificial turf at 8 

That was Canadian bacon 
compared to the Posse's July 16 
regular-season home opener 
against Saskatchewan, when 
Dennis Casey Park of Fullerton, 
California, stepped to the micro- 
phone and let fly “O Canada.” 

Park mangled both tune and 
lyric. The singer, in fact, had 
been a last-minute anthem re- 
placement for the stepson of 
John Chura, a Posse assistant 

Park came billed as a sea- 

ness since age 3. He bad also 
played Vegas before, but does 
not subscribe to the stereotype. 

“Fm not a Vegas anger,” he 
said recently from his home. 
Tm not a lounge singer. I'm 
not Wayne Newton.” 

That night. Park sang like 
Nate Newton. Wailing a cap- 

pell a, he made a monumental 

mistake by not properly gaug- 
ing the dday and distortion of 
his voice’s echo. 

Paik couldn’t get out of town 

fast enough. 

“To the people who were in- 
sulted, I let them know it was 
unfortunate, that I was sorry,’ 
Park said. 

What could be worse? 

Well, there were those horse 
droppings on the playing field. 
The Posse mascot is a group of 
horse and riders called the Pos- 
se Nine, which entertains dur- 
ing pregame and halftimes. 

Roughrider Coach Ray 
Jauch feared the horses were 
going to trample his players. 
“Get those damn horses away 
from us,” he kept yelling. 

Cheerleaders posed another 
problem. Because wider Cana- 
dian fields mean less sideline 
room. Posse showgirls often 
ended up too close to the op- 
posing bench. 

“Our guys are young, and they 
were hot and sweaty," Jauch told 
the Toronto Globe and Mail. 
“Naturally, they’re going to look 
at the young ladies and take their 
minds off tEe game for at least a 
few seconds.” 

Once, the cheerleaders had to 
be chased out of the end zone 
during play. 

Saskatchewa n fil ed a com- 
plaint with the CFL. 

As if that wasn't enough, the 
Posse- can’t draw horseflies to 
their games. The team averaged 
11,025 fans for its first three 
games in a 32,000-seat stadium. 

Joyce, a waitress at the Hotel 
San Remo and a big football 
fan, summed it up when asked 
if she would be attending that 
night* s game between the Posse 
and Baltimore CFLers. 

“Hell, no,” she said. “It’s too 
damn hot.” 


AfifiDnffyof Western Samoa, left, winner ofhis boat wWi Godson Sowah of Ghana, at the GoatiuoaMCJltt Gtinev 

The Next Leg for Christie and Co. 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

VICTORIA, British Columbia — The 
Britons are here with their best — Lin- 
ford Christie, Sally Gunnell and Colin 
Jackson. The Kenyans brought their 
young runners in place of their distance 
stars. And South Africa was poised to 
win i ts first gold medal in 36 years, as the 
track and field events of the Common- 
wealth Games got under way Monday. 

Christie, defending champion in the 
men’s 100 meters, the 1993 world cham- 
pion and 1 992 Olympic gold medalist, is 
coming off a series of sparkling Europe- 
an performances. 

“It’s going to be harder to keep the 
Commonwealth title than the European 
title,” Christie said. “Frankie Fredericks 
will be after me and the Nigerians always 
put out those decent sprinters. I don’t 
plan to let this title go. But it's clear I will 
have to be giving the others plenty of 

Adeniken, sixth at the ’92 O: 

hurting. He needed two sti 
face after a 


. in bis 

_ _ fight with Dennis Mitchell of 
the United States after the Zurich meet, 
and he skipped the Brussels event. 

Sunn, the 1993 world indoor champi- 
on at 60 meters, also is subpar physically. 
He had surgery last month to remove 
cartilage from his left tcna«» 

If Christie, Fredericks, Surin, Adeni- 
ken and Effiong compete at their best, 
the 100 could be the marquee event of 
track and fidd. Effiong beat Christie last 
month at liny, Austria. The first round 
and quarterfinals will be Monday, with 
the semifinals and final Tuesday. 

women’s 400 hurdles, begins defense of 
her Commonwealth title in Wednesdays 
semis. Jackson, competing for Wales, is 
the world-record holder, world champi- 
on and defending Commonwealth cham- 
pion in the UO-meter hurdles. 


The others include Fredericks, the qui- 
et N amibian who was runner-up to 
Christie at the Barcdona Games; Cana- 
da’s Bruny Surin, the bronze medalist at 
the 1990 Commonwealth Games, and 
Olapade Adeniken and Daniel Effiong 
of Nigeria. 

Fredericks, Adeniken and Effiong also 
are doubling in the 200, and could face 
John Regis of England, the 1990 silver 
medalist Regis, however, is doubtful be- 
cause of a strained Adnlles tendon, suf- 
fered at the European Championships. 

The schedules for Gunnell and Jack- 
son will not be as difficult as for the 
sprinters, each having to run only twice; 
in the semifinals and final. 

Kenya, which has dominated- the 
men’s distance races at recent Olympics 
and World Championships, did not send 
its best runners, such as Moses Kiptanni, 
world record-bidder at two miles and die 
3,000-meter steeplechase, and William 
Sigea, the 5,000 world-record holder. 

Nevertheless, the less renowned Ke- 
. nyan runners have looked good in prac- 
tice and still Could monopolize the med- 
als in die distance races! 

South Africa, competing in thej_ 
for die first time since 1958 after 
banned because of its apartheid policy. 

has the capability of performing well m 
track andfield. Its 

Its top hopes are Elans 
,’s 10, 

Meyer, the women’s l0,00G-meter silver 

Gunnell, the world record holder and 
Olympic and world champion in the 

ialist at Barcdona; men’s 1,500-me- 
ter r unne r Johan Landsman, who has 
run 3 minutes, 33.56 seconds, and pole 
vaulter Okkert Brits, who has cleared 
5.85 meters this yean • (AP, Reuters) 

U.S. Faces T 

By Frank Litsky 

York Tima Service 

the 1970s, American swimmers 
ruled the waves, usually win- 
ning most of the gold medals in 
the Olympics. Even in recent-, 
years, they have won more than 
most . nations. — 11 of the. 31 
gold medals in the 1992 Olym- 
pics in Barcdona, 13 of 32 in 
the 1991 world championships 

in Perth. - . 

But the rest of the world is 
closing in. fit .the worid champi- 
onships two. weeks from now in 
Rome, no other country may 
win more medals than the Unit- 
ed States, but many will chip 
away. There should be good 
shares for Russian, men and for 
Chinese aind German women. 
There should be medals for 
Hungary, Australia, Finland, 
New Zealand, Canad a . Britain, 
S pam and Italy. 

' During the fast week bere^22 
ten and 19 

men anrt 19 women qualified 
for the U.S. team. The 28 indi- 
vidual events here produced no 
worid records and no outright 
Ameri can records (one Ameri- 
can record was equaled). 

In the face of these good-but- 
not-gxeat . performances, the 
head coaches of the -American, 
team tried to remain upbeat 

“We’re definitely under- 
dogs,” said Richard Quick of 
Stanford, the women’s coach. 
“I’m concerned about our im- 
provement versus the improve- 
ment of the rest of the worid, 
but Fm not in a worry mode:" 

And Jon Urbanchek of Mich- 
igan, the man’s coach, said: 
“We’re still the dominant na- 
tion. Nobody is loaded like ns 
as a combined team.” 

With their depth, the Ameri- 
cans could win as many as five 
of the six relays. Bnt individual 
gold medals may be scarcer. 

. .Quick said the only individual 
gold-medal candidates among 
the women are Janet Evans in 
the 400-meter and 800-meter 
freestyle and Allison Wagner in 
both individual medleys. 

Urbanchek sod Jeff Rouse is 
likely to win a gold for the men 
in theTOO-meter backstroke. 




la iMnanupoa*. Indiana 

Wayna Ferro Ira (71. South Africa, def. Olivi- 
er DaKdtre, Franca. fr-2 4-1. 

Sem moots 

Jim Grants and Rlciwv H a at ro US (6), 
del Olivier Detaltra, Franca, and Wally Mo- 
*ur. Australia fri M. Tndd Woodbr 1dm and 
Mark Woodfordo. Australia (1). del. Wavne 
Ferreira, South Africa, and Mark Knowles, 
Bahamas (5). *4. 4-1. W. 


WoodbrhJoe and Wnadforda (11 oaf. Grate 
and Renata ra (6) fra 44. 

In New Haven, Connecticut 

Berts Becker (3>, Germany, def. Yore Ro*. 
*et (7). Switzerland, fra 7-4 

Grant ConnaiL Canada and Patrick Gal- 

braith. US. til, dot Jacca Eitlnsh amt Paul 
Haarinils. Netherlands (31, fra 7-6 (7-11. 


Arantxa Sanchez VTcarta (31, Spain dot. 
Steffi Graf 111. Germany, 7-S. 1-4. 7-6 17-11. 

The Michael Jordan Watch 


Arantxa Sanchcr Vlada, Spain, and Mer- 
edith McGrath. US. (II. dot. Pam Shrtver. 
US. and Elizabeth Smyl 16, Australia (21.2* 
4-2 fr< 

SUNDAY'S GAME : Jordon went War* In 
the Barms 4-1 victory dooms! O xi tt un oooa 
SEASON TO DATE: Jordan Is batting .174 
ITHoNCI wtth40rura.i4dablee.c n e lrte ta 
three home runs. 44 R Bi s. <3 wal ks. W4 strike- 
outs and 27 stolen basas In 44 attempts. He has 
1*7 putouts. Hva assists and M error* as an 

Dee Smyth 
Garden Brand Jr. 
Andre Baseert 
Mark Davis 
Castontlno Rocca 
Sam Torrance 

77-7244-71 — 277 

Malaysia X Mono Kano 2 


Sri Lanka n. PakHton 
Monday, te Cetambo 
VI Lanka Iteilnas: 174* 

Pakistan Innfnas: I7S-5 
(Pakistan wins and toads series 3-11 

England 4. Malays La 2 

M e al Rood Race CltlJS Ml 
L Mark RefxML New ZeatesxL 4 hour*. 44 
minutes,? seconds 2. Brian Fowler. New Zea- 
laxL2:B2 behind. 3 (He), Wltlem En oofbrac h t. 
South Africa. Chris LUIvwtilte. England, and 
Grant Rice. Australia, 2:0. 

Wtamenl Read Race OU tan) 

1. Kathryn Waft, Australia. 2rifcfl7.2 Linda 
Jackson. Canada, 30 wank behind 3 (He). 
Anion Sydor. Canada. Marie Purvis. Canada, 
Catherine Reardon, Australia, and Susan 
Palmer, Canaria 3:12 


Quebec, and Qvtatlno Ashcraft, Canada LtO 
prints. Z Karen Morton and Lindsay VMpbt 
Epricmd.1.T32.3L Hoppe Un ftri ohnanondKu- 

hefl Gmauiea India. Lin. 

Ru n ti me ! ■ no t : l. Mark and Matthew Bed- 
I melon. Canada MRS. X Bryan WRsan. mad 
Peter Zutenh. Australia 1JM. X Anthony 
Clarke and Paul Gormfna New Zealand ) JDf 
(Only sold awarded In tMe event). . 

Centreftr* atari: LJamri Rons and Atfnk 
Pandit, India 1,MB points. 2 KcMn Vickers 
and PWlHp Adame, Australia 1,M0 l X Bariev 
Wilis and John Rochon Canaria LML 


IIS Backstroke: L Moot* Stevenson. Aus- 
tralia ISM 2 EUie Overton. Australia, 
1:02*0. 2 Kribortne Osher, England. 1:0X27. 

see fY e mt yta : l Hoyley Lewie. Australia 
4: 1254.2 Stacey Gartrefl. Aaetraikb4:ixs4.2 
Santa HvdcaNte* England, 4:112*. 

en . Freestyle mar: .V England (Susan 
ROM, Alexandra Bennett, CMre Huddort. 
Karan Pickering). MU3 2 Australia (Saean 
OTMU.Sarril Ryan. Elllnara Overton Koran 
Van WJrdum). 3Z44JX X Canocta ( M arianne 
Urnped. Shannon ShokssPsan 
Amey, Ql encora Maughan), 3c472& - 

punter; Derrick Witherspoon, nmntao back; 
Ronay Han't* wide receiver; Richard GrH- 
Wh. tight end; Reran Hooks, defensive end; 
David White, IMbacher; and Rich TvtakL 
awed. Put Kavta Lea wide receiver, on In- 
fursd reserve. 

SAN DIEGO-Staned BWm winter, defen- 
id James Granary, defen- 

I— - 

Dallas 34. Denver 10 

English Open 


Sunday's Resell 
Newcastle 2 Leicester 1 

Final scores Sunday tram Hie 3100000 Ene- 
HNi Open an the 7iWtaqftf, par-72 Arden 
Came at Ihe Forest ol Arden Hotel Country 
Club m Coventry: 

Colin Montgomerie 70474447-274 

Berry Lone *447-7744—273 

Ret let Goosen 73-724*47—276 

lotas My pl a n ora u s d : l,NollThoma*Eiw- 
land. SSJ30 polnti. 2 Bremen Dawrtck, Aus- 
tralia SU2X X Potar Hagan AMtralta.54.HD. 

1*4 Freestyle: L Stephen Clark*. Canada 
Rt:2L20i rts tapherpy d »er.AeetraHaJkSU^ 
Andrew Bolldon Australia ATI. 



Commonwealth Games 

Indhrtdgri eiH 

l: 1. Stella UmetaCan- 

Team Sea 
England 4 Australia 1 

ada 32*02 2 Ita tac co Stoyri, Australia 
JUB7. 2 Zita L u s n cfc. Engkma 37J2S. 

StnoflBergrt *l a 3 poN H egiLSha ran Bewe a 

Canada 1:0X07. 2 Brandon Burkett. Austro- 
Ita, 1 :BU2 2 Sean Trettiowayr New ZeataML 

3M Ba ckstr oke: 1, Adam RudranaiX Eng- 
land. 2^XL7*.(Gamee record, prevtaui record 
7:01 4fgef by Gary Anderaaa Canada inw.2 
Kevin Dnndiwer, Canada ldtt.17. X Scott 
Miller. Australia 2taX4X 

GREEN BAY— Waived Lamark Under 
tank nose teddu Bryan .Wagner, punter; 
Mlrto Jakarta guard; Jolt Thamaeea tight 
end; RWi Thompson, kicken Joy Kearney, 
uMoroeoWon RssgteHeff. vtaar Brawn and 
Curtis Cotton, detenrive backs. 

NEW EnqlANO— W aNed Miles Sawn, 

ttM t uCKIfL 

BAN FRANC ISC O Agre ed to terms wUh 
Tri Ceric, c anw ra ock. Waived Jeff BrkfteriL 
q u a rt erback; Steve Brooks, tlghf end; Perak 
Crenshaw; UnataockortMIka Sri man and Ed- 
dle Taytac. defenslva backs; Leery Waflaca, 
adds receiver; and Alan Youna defensive 

TAMPA BAY— Waived Scott Stseon. kick- 
er; -Eekfle Ssnatf and Cedric Smith, wide re- 
cetvera; TheoAdmni, offensive tackle; Bar 
need Carter, linebacker; end Joel Crieman 
and Tammy HaHlday, gu ards. 

See cmr 

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ian Pastime 

By Ian Thomsen : 

.... Aaemsuknaf HavkiTritme 

A ntwerp' — ThevEfesi baseball in 

Belgium Is being played frythe Brass- 
chaai Levis Braves, who practice twice a 
week after wt^kaod playon the weekends.. 
They haw six playns from, the Belgium 
national team and a former major league 
pitcher, Joel -McKean, who in Belgium & 
everything the Americmis. nsed. to say 
about Sandy-Xoufax. He ds 31 and they 
can look up his name in ibe American 
baseball jaicydop«Sa, on the same page as 
Denny McLain. No one had ever seen 
anything like him ■ 

“For the first year,’- 1 couldn’t catch: 
him/’ said Kart Qnaa, the Brasschaat 
catcher ' 

who is hit- 

around Thomsen %J 

.570 this ~ “ v- T^r - . 

year. “He throws a forkbaB and 2' had 

bruises all over me. Sometimes itweot left, 
sometimes- it went down, some times it . 
went right Mostly it lrit me-'on the wrist 
Sometimes 1 just missed the. halL” 

It is near the end of his third year here 
now, and Jodi McKeon has never lost a. 
game. He. was packing for Italy the year ’ 
after the majors had released min forever 
when the contract with his Italian team fell 
through. A friend made .a phone call and 
someone from Braasdiaat called back and 
two da 

to all the time* yei “WdL it wasn't allowed 
here. Later we played on a basketball field 
with teams bell The farce was only 50 
meters, so if you hit a home run over (he 
wall, you were out. We had tohitline drives. 
.35* .made up aO the rides ourselves.” 

“ Each winter he trains fer the baseball 
season, 'though it never amounts to more 
ffcaxi45 games inchicfing the playoffs. His 
wife owns a bakery, and be is a sales engi- 
neer of. technical equipment, but when his 
nmadwandec he h thndring about basebalL 
In his uniform, strong and a little stout, he 
-locks like a catcher from the 1930s, hke a 
black-and-white picture come to life. 

T? OUR years ago, the coach erf the na- 
X tkmal team asked how old he was. 
Onztesaid he was 23 the ayy-h was 
American; but better to let Onzia teQ it. 
“He said, “That is a pity.’ He told me I 
could easily have played m Double-A, but 
that! was a little too old. He said most of 
the guys who were drafted were 17, 18, 19 
years' oW.” 

: Twpyears later, after Onzia had won the 
Bdgram triple crown with a 319 average. 
13 home runs and 46 RBI In 26 games, he 
* by Brasschaat for around 

nervous after three years against McKeon, 
the way they shift their feet and hold the 
bat as if dangling from a rope; but after- 
ward, talking in the dugouC everyone is 

comfortable asking him questions. 

“**“ " i teuing us that after some- 


, is a place near Antwerp, where 

baseball was founded by (he American sail- 
ors after the war. Levis is tiie chib sponsor. 

McKeon is also the team manager when, 
he isn’t pitching. He hadn’t shaved in a few 
days. He U average baseball height with 

24-1 with one weekend left is the regular 
season, and he isn’t-planning on coating 
back for morejthan five weeksnext year, 
enough time for him to coach with the 

“He hasn’t been training in the winter at 
all, but his control is so accurate,* Onzia 
said. “If I set up for a strike on the outside 
corner, nine times out of 10 it is a strike on 
the outside comer: I call mostly the pitches 
for him. From the first season on, he only 
shakes me off two or three times a game. 
He has always been humble. He has always 
been kind, never angry. The night before 
he pitches; he won’t go out, he won’t drink. 
He knows what his job is here.” ■ 

Karl Onzia grew up near the baseball 
diamond here, which shares the green, 
chain-link fence in right field with the local 

“We started playing by hitting a mmi* 
ball with a piece of wood,’ 7 he said. An old 
bat, you mean. “With apiece of wood," hts 
insisted; and he asked, “1 think in America 
they play as kid* in the streets?” They used 

$30,(500, of which he received nothing. It 
“wasrhis favorite year. Brasschaat had qual- 
ified for the eight-team European champi- 
onships, and the chib also brought in 
McKeon and his friend, the catcher Tom 
Magnum, who had played nine games with 
the Cleveland Indians m 1989. That was all 
for Magrann, hitless in 10 major league at- 
bals - i - but in Belgium he won the 1992 

wftSr8 horaersAhcy ^yh^cou^tiurow 
80 mph to second base. 

-- Scv every day with a basebafi practice or 
game was heavenly for someone l»kt» Karl 
Onzia, who had struggled to pick up this 
American tradition bom technical fitting 
bodes and rare, late-night broadcasts of 
mqjor league games; it was like the dreams 
American bow have of passing a basket- 
ball to Larry Bird or Magic Johnson, They 
were purdy amateurs, the rest of the Brass- 
ehaat team, but they finished third in Eu- 
rope that year, and that was the last they 
saw of Tran Magrann. 

The rest of the dub has since held 
around McKeon. Last weekend’s games 
were amtinst the Ray Ban Borgerhoutse 
Squirrels on their home diamond, which is 
where Onzia and three of his current team- 
mates grew up playing together. Most of 
the Belgian baseball is played in Antwerp, 
and apparently most of the players grew 
up around baseball fields. 

Boennans Oswald, the 32-year-old first 
haseman/outfidder and former pitcher for 
the Squirrels, grew up across the street 
from this same ballyara. In 1990, when he 
was the best Belgian player, be pitched the 
eighth inning of the worid amateur all-star 
game in Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. 

. Onzia can tdl that the hitters are still 

“He is always 0 

body hits a home run, the next- hitter is 
scared because he is afraid the pitcher is 
going to fit him," Oswald said. “That is 
something that's kind of weird; I don’t 
understand that Why fit the next player? 
Also, he says that when a batter Misfit, he 
goes to the mound to get in a fight 1 don’t 
know. I don’t think a pitcher can fit any- 
body cm purpose. That’s something I never 
learned to do. When somebody comes up 
after a home run, why would you hit him? 
Why not strike him out? That should be 
better. I would strive to strike out the next 

The best baseball g^rp** in Belgium last 
weekend was played in surroundings no 
better than a small-town American high 
school ballpark. A fewdozen people sat in 
folding chairs behind the chain-oak fenc- 
ing, with 100 or so more scrambled across 
the two wooden bleachers. In between in- 
nings, McKeon introduced his slugging 
left Beider, Peter Vanwalraven, a Dutch- 
man with curly, -reddish hair and a Wade 
Boggs moustache. Vanwalraven said he 
would have to quit his job and relocate if 
be wanted to play for a top Dutch t eam. 

“How do you say it?” he stammered, 
trying to explain ms job. “We have 34 
simps in Belgium and Holland." 

What do you do? 

“I am in charge of supplies." 

What is tire name of die company? 

r," he said. “We 

“Erotic Discount Center, 
got the dirty books.” 

Later, he hit his 19th home run, tying the 
league record with three games remaining. 

'T' HE GAME was played with aluminum 
J. bats from Amenca, and the blue top 
with “Braves” written cursrvdy was under- 
lined by the traditional tomahawk- A few of 
the players had scratches tearing open in 
their pants’ backsides where they slid. The 
red, wet basepaths were mottled like the 
moon, and the umpire wore glasses under- 
neath his mask; the public-address man 
mumbled each baiter’s name as if introduc- 
ing flight departures. The propeller planes 
came teetering, sputtering like crop-dusters 
over the field, slow and dose enough for 
Barry Bonds to knock out of the sky; and 
every time Karl Onzia turned around, he 
was either .smiling or about to. 

They didn't seem to realize that the next 
time a war comes, God forbid, and the 
Americans dock their ships in Antwerp, 
they’ll more likely be organizing games of 
football or haskeihaB Nor did they under- 
stand how the weald's best could be refusing 
the chance to play baseball; and really, that 
is the difference between the American 
players and the best players in Belgium. 


• • S3- 

* - J T* 


n .iC ' 

, l- 

- .---y*rr' 

. .. 

A ’Ramble’ in Hong Kong for Tpon? 

HONG KONG (AFP) —The former worid heavywight <*am- 
pion Mike Tyson may be offered a $100 million pun 
organizers of Muhammad AH’s 1974 “Rumble in the Ji 
stage his first fight in Hong Kong after leaving prison. 

Kll Dobbins, head of jHfemdale Special Events, said Monday he 

TVJLV^ — t AK>. ImuIm IOTA Rah, in For the Record 



hud out on the stadium floor Sunday by investigators searching 
for the cause of the accident. 

King County officials said they hoped to know by the end of the 
week when work to refurbish the dome’s ceiling could resume. Bui 
state officials refused to speculate on when the investigation 
would be completed. 

Dobbins, one of the promoters of Ah’s legendary 1974 fight in 
Zaire, said there would probabl 

! probably be a SI00 million purse and that- 
Hong Kong had a good chance of landing the event. 

“We have as understanding with Tyson that we will get first 
refusal," said Dobbins, promoter of Herbie Hide’s worid heavy- 
weight title defense in Hong Kong on Oct 23. Tyson was sen- 
tenced in March 1992 to six years in prison fra -nijpe»He could be 
out of jail in seven to eight months and fight sometime next year. 

Nfck Faldo mB not join England's team in the DunhiO Cup at 
»n Oct. 6-9. Faldo, a member of the 

Sl Andrews, Scotland, on 
winning team in 1987, qualified along with Mark Roe and 

Howard dark. He is expected to be replaced by Barry Lane, 
runner-up to Colin Montgomerie in the English Open on So 

U.S. Women Shut Ont Canadians, 6-0 


The Danish Professorial Boxing Federation banned all World 
Boxing Organization fights in Denmark on Monday. (Reuters) 

MONTREAL (AP) — The UJS. women’s soccer team routed 
Canada, 6-0, in then last game in the worid champkmsfip 
qualifying tournament. Both teams advanced to next year’s worid 
championships in Sweden 

The United States oulscored its opposition, 36-1, in four games 
in the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean 
Associations of Football tournament. 

Lothar Matthias says he wffl stay on as captain erf the German 
national soccer team. Matth&ns, 33. has 117 caps to his name, 
Barring injury, he is almost certain to break the l2S-cap record of 
Peter Shilton, the former England goalkeeper. (Reuters) 

Investigators on Field in Kingdome 

SEATTLE (AM -r- Pieces of a construction crane that collapsed 
in the Kingdrane tost week, lriffing two woricere, were lowered and 


w Former Boston Braves player Sibby Sisti. 74, remembers 

when baseball players’ salaries were nothing to brag about. He 
nth in Ms first season with the Braves. In his best- 

made $40Q a mom 
paying season, he made $12,000. *T used to go to the newsstands 
to cash my checks,” he said. 



i Bedweer, 
informal ly 
4 Essen 

is Ethanol and 
dimethyl ether, 


tT Gann mating 
19 One of 
ao Unchanged 
*i Sounds of 

34 One of 
38 Actress Lupine 
as Distinctive 

30 Drink cai-styte 

■ 33 River to the 

' a« Telecommuni- 
cations giant 
JT Uncommon 
as Theme of this 
as Missing 

43 Dam-buHding 


44 Gather 

45 Gaze at 

46 Afrikaner 

47 To and — — 

46 One of 

38- Across 
33 Lumberjacks' 

- competition 

st Vote for 
8? n is in spam 
sa Concern 01 
33- Across 
«i flag 

» Fame 
M Nipper's co. 
os Black and tan 
M Texas city 
67 Driver's license 

■s Cobb and 
. Hardin 


tParir — -(wan 

equal rate) :Lat- 
a Finland, to the 

4 -What . 

chopped tiver?” 
S One of 

c Weather data 
7 Semi 

a Language suffix 
e Pupil’s 

to Oscars' cousins 
ii Good buy 
13 Cubemaker 

ic Antonym's 

antonym; Abbr. 

is Add color to 

23 Shower's 
25 River in Hesse 
zb Saturn or 
Mercury, e.g. 

37 Not kosher 
ao PelAe output 

31 Lover of 

32 Bics. e.g. 

33 Homeowner's 

34 Sailor's cry 

35 Actress Russo 
37 More distant 
39 Sioux Indian 
«o iris's place 

«i Wraparound 

46 Utters 

47 One of 


49 Rathskeller 
so -Have — 
si One of 

Thurmond and 

ra Seale notes 
54 Eight Prefix 
ss Fill, as bases 

39 Yt. parts 
*0 Singer Sumac 
«a Strain 

PusMBf PmrQsRtoa 

Solution to Puzzle of Ang. 22 


Robcn Galbraith' Rrtam 

Arantxa Sdnchez Vicario, who outlasted Steffi Graf. 

Graf Loses Tiebreaker 
In Rainy Canada Final 

Carpt&d by Oar Staff From Dtspatc/ta 

MONTREAL — Arantxa Sdnchez Vicario, ranked No. 2. 
outlasted four rain delays and survived four match points to 
beat world No. 1 -ranked Steffi Graf, 7-5, 1-6, 7-6, to win the 
Canadian Open. 

“I just tried to be really patient, stay calm and be ready when 
the match started a g ain, ibe Spanish player said of the six 
bouts and 10 minutes the 216-hour match took to complete. 

Graf had four match points on her serve at 5-4 in the final 
set, but she failed to convert, making three backhand errors. 
Once in the tiebreaker, Sanchez Vicario took control with 
aggressive sbotmalting and volleys. She won the tiebreaker. 7-4. 

In men's tennis, Boris Becker was the dear winner all week 
in the Volvo International in New Haven. Connecticut 
Becker, the third seed, completed his sweep through the 
tournament by beating seventh-seeded Marc Rosset of Swit- 
zerland. 6-3. 7-5, in the finaL Becker didn’t drop a set in the 
tournament, which was plagued by numerous rain delays and 
a controversy over some of the changes the ATT was trying to 
increase interest in the sport (Reuters, API 

Team of Owners 
Tapped to Play 
In Strike Talks 

The Associated Proa 

NEW YORK — A team of 
12 owners was named Monday 
to participate in the negotia- 
tions with the striking baseball 

The list includes Jerry 
McMorris, owner of the Colo- 
rado Rockies; BiU Bartbolomay 
and Stan Kasten of the Atlanta 
Braves; Paul Beeston, Toronto 
Blue Jay s; John Harrington, 
Boston Red Sox; David Glass, 
Kansas City Royals; Andy 
MacPhaiL Minnesota Twins; 
Drayton McLane, Houston As- 
tros ; Stuart Meyer, St Louis 
Cardinals; David Montgomery, 
Philadelphia Phillies; Jerry 
Reinsdorf, Chicago White Sox; 
and Wendy Selig-Prieb. Mil- 
waukee Brewers. 

The 12 wifi assist Richard 
Ravi teh, the chief negotiator in 
the talks, although no more 
than five or six members of the 
group will participate at any 
one time, according to a spokes- 
man for the major leagues. 

Bud Selig, owner of the Brew- 
ers and chairman of the Major 
League Executive Council, said 
the groin) possesses “great in- 
sight ana lmowledge about the 
game and how it is run.’’ 

But before baseball players 
and owners talk, they nave to 
talk about talking. 

So, as the strike enters its 
12th day, Ravitch and the union 
bead, Donald Fehr, are set to 
get together to discuss the rules 
of engagement for their next 

time since talks began on Jan. 
13, 1993. 

Fehr said he has no great ex- 
pectations fra- the week, insist- 
ing that Selig has a “calendar” 
for management’s actions dur- 
ing the talks. 

“It doesn't make any sense to 
try and figure it out. They’D teD 
us," Fehr said. “The notion that 
anything we say or do matters is 
simply wrong. They set out to 
have a strike and they'll negoti- 
ate to end it when they want to 
end iL" 

The strike canceled 14 games 
Sunday, increasing the total to 
131, nearly 6 percent of the en- 
tire season. Players have lost 
about $44.2 milli on is salary 
and owners have lost an esti- 
mated $85 million in revenue. 

Fehr didn’t think the re- 
newed session would provide an 
indication of whether the pres- 
ence of owners at the table 
would provoke movement in 
the talks. 

“We won’t know that this 
week. I think,” he said. 

negotiating session, now sched- 
uled for Wednesday. 

Fehr compares the pre-dis- 
cussion discussion to the Paris 
peace talks on the Vietnam 

“I assume this means well be 
arguing about the shape of the 
table,” be said. “We intend to 
teQ them they can sit where they 

Delegations from each side 
will meet separately Tuesday 
with federal mediators. Bar- 
gaining, which broke off when 
the strike began Aug. 12, then 
will resume Wednesday with 
owners at the table for the first 

Florida Tops 
Preseason Poll 

The Atsttaaud Press 

The Florida Gators 
edged Notre Dame by two 
points for the top spot in 
The Associated Press pre- 
season college football poll, 
the closest vote since the 
poll began in 1950. 

It's the fifth straight year 
that a team from the Sun- 
shine State has started the 
season No. 1. Miami did it 
in 1990 and ’92, and Flori- 
da State in ’91 and ’93. 

Florida, which won 11 
games last season, got 15 
first-place votes and 1,416 
points from the national 
media panel; Notre Dame 
had 13 votes and 1,414 


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Page 18 



Playing It Cool With Di 

Massachusetts — Of ah 
the celebrities 1 have ever seen 
on this celebrity-blighted is- 
land, none has ever created the 
excitement caused by Princess 
Diana. She is not only the talk 
of Martha’s 

Vineyard, but 
whenever I 
speak to the 
mainland, peo- 
ple want every 
morsel of in- 
formation I 
can give them. 

I had the 
most unbeliev- 
able experi- 
ence when I 
spotted her one morning walk- 
ing down Main Street in Vine- 
yard Haven with some friends. 
At first I couldn't believe my 
eyes, so I started pinching my- 
self until it hurt 


As she passed me — no more 
than afoot away — l bene down 
and started to tie my shoelace. I 
wasn’t snubbing her; at the 
same time I wasn't going to 
curtsy and tdl her to have a nice 

As soon as she disappeared 
into a store I rushed to a pay 
telephone to call my loved ones 
all over the country. 

“I saw Princess Di," I shout- 
ed to my sister Edith in Seattle. 
The reaction was exactly as ex- 
pected. She shouted to her son 
PRINCESS DI.” She yelled it 
so loud the neighbors all came 

“What was she wearing?" 
one of the neighbors screamed 

into the mouthpiece. 
“A red T-shirt 

Ts it really her?” I asked mg 

friend Fain Hackney, wilt 
whom I was talking on the 
street corner. 

“It’s Diana," he assured me. 
“My wife has the same hairdo." 

“1 was afraid it would come 
to this," I said. “She’s been 
stalking me for three days." 

I decided to play it cool and 
pretend that we in Vineyard 
Haven are used to British royal- 
ty strolling down our streets. 

The Smithsonian: 
Success in Japan 

The Associated Press 

C HIBA, Japan — The 
Smithsonian Institution's 
first overseas exhibition, de- 
scribed as a peek into America's 
attic, has attracted more than 1 
million visitors in Japan, a 
spokesman said. 

The exhibit in this city 40 
miles east of Tokyo includes 
nuggets of Americana such as 
the ruby slippers Judy Garland 
wore in “The Wizard of Oz” 
and George Armstrong Custer’s 
buckskin jacket 
Organizers estimated l.S mil- 
lira people will see the exhibi- 
tion before it doses on Aug. 31. 

and black 


"Was she wearing a tiara?" 
Edith wanted to know. 

“No, it was the first thing I 

“Why not a tiara?" 

"A tiara is too fancy for Vine- 
yard Haven. It only goes in 


My sister asked, “How did 
jjeojjle react when they saw 

I told her, “The women took 
one look at her body, covered 
their legs with beach towels and 
went into a fetal position.” 

“Did you sense she was hav- 
ing a good time?" 

“Yes, I did. Everyone looked 
at her in awe, but no one came 
up to her and asked to have a 
picture with her. A lady stand- 
ing next to me said, T have to 

The Trans- Atlantic Scuffle 
For Canova’s ‘Three Graces’ 

get her autograph or my hus- 
band will never believe I saw 

The lady next to her asked, 
“What kind of relationship do 
you have with your husband if 
he won’t believe you saw a 
member of the royal family?” 

Edith said, “I'm so proud of 

you. You didn't even tojfto see 

her, and when you did you 
didn't let her know how im- 
pressed you were." 

“I’d never invade Di’s priva- 
cy when she is on vacation, 
that’s why we're such good 

By Rebecca Fowler 

HtaMfigKM Fan Service 

T HEIR entwined forms have been 
hailed as an ultimate representa- 
tion of beauty, their gaze the epitome 
of serenity. They are "The Three 
Graces,” the most expensive neo- 
classical sculpture in the world, and 
their serene beauty has provoked an 
ugly row spanning the Atlantic. 

On one side of the battle is the 
British government, which wishes to 
keep “The Three Graces” at home. 
On the other is the Getty Museum of 
California, the world’s richest, which 
is determined to acquire the statue 
for the United States. Mixed up in 
the story are feuding American plu- 
tocrats, down-at-the-heds noblemen 
and ravenous curators. 

The fight has gone on for 1 1 years 
— ever smee the impoverished family 
of the Duke of Bedford sold the stat- 
ue to a mysterious holding company 
in the Cayman Islands which in turn 
sold “The Graces” to the Getty for 
£7.6 million (nearly S12 million). But 
it reached a climax when the Getty 
directors announced that they were 
considering taking the British gov- 
ernment to court. [The British gov- 
ernment responded that it planned to 
“vigorously* defend its decision not 
to issue an export license for the 
statue, A grace France-Presse report- 
ed from Ixmdon.] 

Caught in the cross fire is the 
’sculpture, a delicate work in white 
role depicting the three classical 

about the statue to the Times of Lon- 

don) — was forced to agree, 

rm passionately keen the 
Canova shoula stay here, I have ter 
say the way the thing has been han- 
dled by the government in the last 
two weeks is rather questionable," he 
said. “After all, if it does go to Amer- 
ica, it’s not as if it is going to be 
destroyed, nwfe« there is another 
earthquake, God forbid.” 

But nothing is so sure to send the 
British into a frenzy than parting 
with a heritage from the crumbling 
porticoes of its stately homes. 
“Many British heritage lovers still 

Reulcn fifc pboo 

In statue battle, John Paul Getty 
is at odds with Getty Museum, 

bought London Bridge in 
1968 to transport it bride for bock to 

Arizona,” says one leadmg figure in 
arid. *They 

edly final, deadline for a British buy- 
er to come forward was Aug. 5. But 
as Big Ben chimed out the final hours 
itehaQ, the dismayed Getty 


Museum was trumped yet again. 

the Victoria 

At the last minute, 
and Albert Museum in London and 
the National Galleries of Scotland 
pledged £5.8 million of the total £7.6 
million price tag for “The Three 

r n n. _ _ 1 TN 11 .L. 

Graces. Stephen Donnell, the latest 


goddesses of fertility (all daughters 
of Zeus) that was commissioned 
from Antonio Canova by the sixth 
Duke of Bedford in 1814. The Cano- 
va, as its most ardent champions re- 
fer to it, is currently packed in a 
wooden crate in Battersea, South 
London, in limbo between its spe- 
cially built conservatory at Woburn 
Abbey in Bedfordshire and the Getty 
Museum in Malibu. It has been 
crated more than a decade, while the 
British have scurried around for an 
alternative buyer who mil keep it on 
their side of the Atlantic. 

Two times in the last six years the 
Getty Museum had tried to win an 
export license allowing “The Graces" 
to travel to Malibu, only to meet with 
delays as the British pleaded for a 
home-grown buyer. A third, suppos- 

in a stream of heritage ministers who 
have dealt with the “Graces” race, 
extended the deadline for a further 
three months in the hope that anoth- 
er £1.8 million would be found. 

The saga is more fitting of an Ea- 
ling comedy than an expensive art 
deaL “Alec Guinness would have 
been perfect to play all the different 
heritage minis ters we’ve bad to deal 
with over the last decade, these be- 
fuddled, weird men,” said John 

the British arts world. “They still 
maintain be thought he had bought 
Tower Bridge, the Gothic master- 
piece further along the Thames.” . 

So it was with some delight the 
British greeted the sudden entrance 
into the fight for “The Graces” of 
John Paul Getty 2d, reclusive son of 
the museum’s founder and a resident 
of the Chiltem Hills of Britain. Just 
as the British government was count- 
ing its coffers to see how much more 
money was needed to keep “The 
Three Graces," the telephone rang 

on Thursday, Aug. 11, at 6 P. M. in. 
Minister ] 

Heritage Minister Darrell’s office. 

It was Getty, offering £1 milli on 
toward keeping the Canova in Brit- 
ain, and away from the museum that 

□nid SBooc'Cmcn ITsi. 

“The Three Graces,” commissioned from Antonio Canova in 1814. 

bears his family name. Timothy Clif- 
il Galler- 

Walsh, director of the Getty Muse- 
tter this 

urn. “After all, is it better this work 
lies in a packing crate for another 11 
years, or gets seen by people and is 
on public display, whoever the mu- 
seum is?" 

Even in the gentlemen’s clubs of 
Pall Mall there are embarrassed mut- 
t eiings that maybe the Americans 
have something to be miffed about 
this time around, and George Levy 
— a respected London art dealer ana 
the most ardent champion of “The 
Graces” (having devoted the past 
five years to writing imploring letters 

ford, director of the National 1 
ies of Scotland, which had made part 
of the earlier pledge, burst into a 
torrent of emotion. “What a marvel- 
ous and characteristic gesture of Mr. 
Getty this is,” he said. “National 
staff are dancing with joy, Fm sure 
even the Three Graces’ are now 
wreathed in smiles.” 

The arts world in Britain was buzz- 
ing and the British press was brim- 
ming with the news — which includ- 
ed speculation that Getty, motivated 

by a feud with his family, was ddib- 
Getty M use- 

era tely frustrating the 
urn’s efforts to win the Canova for 

preted as a sign of familial bitterness, 
he was “apoplectic,” according to 
one insider. 

Clifford, the ebullient museum di- 
rector from Scotland, was .'among' 
those quoted saying he understood 
there were family differences. Getty 
apparently wished to have the gin 
sera as nothing more than a generous 
gift from an American friend. The 
British victory imploded into an em- 
barrassing muddle, and last week a 
letter was dispatched to Clifford, and 
other leading . players, informing 
them the gift was off.' 


the United States. This speculation 
was tossed lightly into reports of the 
donation, but the moment Getty 
read that his pledge was being inter- 

who did not 

1 figure, 

wish to be identified for fear of being 

castigated by his colleagues, said: 
“As far as 1 can remember, when it 
was put on show at the Victoria and 

Albert Museum, it just sat there rath- 
er forlornly. No one went to see it, 
and there’s no evidence it has a place 
in the heart of the nation." 

' As for the Americans, they offer 
“The Graces" a decent home, a fu- 
ture, and, at the very least, away out 
of the male in Battersea. But their 
patience is wearing thin. “Let's re- 
member this work was imported by 
the British in the first place, and it 
was imported for a very good rea- 
son," said Walsh, the Getty Museum 
director. Tt was because they went 
abroad a lot in the last century, and 
they, had a lot of money to spend. 
Doesn’t that sound familiar? Britain 
wffl get rich These are the 

tides, and they are rather cleansing 
tides when it comes down to it." 

Ai ni r 





Forecast tor Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu- Weather. 

ST 1 


Canon Sal 





Ln Raima 














Mgh^Lmv W 
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28/82 ISAM pc 
21 /K> IBM lh 
28/82 11/62 1 
34/93 24/75 ■ 
33/91 22/71 pc 
33/91 2008 pc 
28/79 13/55 c 
20/79 1804 l 
29/84 1808 pc 
22/71 1203 pc 
32/89 24/76 pc 
1804 1102 lh 
1702 1407 lh 
38/97 2008 C 
20/79 1407 lh 
29/64 1702 pc 
1804 11/82 • 
29/94 21/70 ■ 
2902 22/71 • 
26/77 1702 1 
21/70 1407 t 
33/81 1801 • 
33/91 11/70 C 
1904 10/50 lh 
1700 1301 po 
3209 2008 C 
21/70 1203 pc 
3209 23/73 pc 
28/79 13/39 I 
28/79 1801 pc 
1800 10/60 pc 

3807 22/71 pc 
1908 B/48 C 

1702 1203 pc 
80/86 1702 pa 
1702 12/63 ■ 
3209 22/71 pa 
26/77 1702 pc 
23/73 1000 a 
2904 1604 pa 

High Lew W 

2802 2008 I 
21/70 1309 r 
2802 1303 * 
3807 24/79 4 
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34/93 2008 l 
26/77 1407 c 
22/71 1203 r 
3200 1908 ■ 
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1604 1203 lh 
3809 21/70 i 
20/79 1609 lh 
24/76 1407 1 
1702 1102 I 
9209 1908 ■ 
3802 22/71 I 
28/79 1804 PC 
1908 11/92 r 
3108 1804 pc 

3108 1908 pe 
1908 9/48 pc 
28/79 1909 c 
2904 1908 pc 
22/71 1309 pa 
2802 23/73 pc 
22/71 1102 lh 
2700 18/38 C 

1801 1102 pe 

8807 23/73 • 
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1804 1102 I 
29/77 1306 I 
17/82 11/92 ■ 

3109 22/7? « 
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38/79 1608 1 


North America 

Much of the Midwest and 
East wW have sunny, warm 
weather later this week. Sl 
L ouie to Washington. D.C., 
will have very warm and 
humid weather with same 
sunshine Wednesday Into 
Friday. A tew scattered then- 
deratorma will rumble from 
Chicago to Detroit Thursday 
night or Friday. 


A storm wll bring h dH8y ram 
to Dublin and London 
Wednesday while ■ lew 
showers and thundoratorms 
occur Iron Pads to Muiich. 
Much cooler weather wffl set- 
tle southward across central 
Europe late this week. 
Athens through Ankara will 
have hot. sunny weather 
Wednesday Into Friday. 


Tokyo through Osaka win 
turn hot cnee again taler this 
weak. Thunderstorms will be 

scattered from Shanghai 
r Belli 

northward to near Belling. 
Cooler weather win follow 
the thunderstorms Friday 
Into the weekend, Manila 
and Hong Kong will be 
warmer than usual whh a 
stray shower or two. 

Middle East 

Latin America 






High Law 
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38/87 21/70 
31/98 IBfll 
29/84 18/84 
39/102 19*8 
42/107 22/71 

W Wgh Low 


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43/10726/77 s 


High Low W Mtft Low W 

Buonoa Aina 12*3 307 a 19/39 7/44 pc 

Cnee 33 *9 26/79 m 32«B9 2809 pc 

Lkm 18*4 18*1 pc 18*4 15*0 pc 

fchnrieoCky 23/73 12*3 I 24/73 12*3 pe 

nodaJenato 27*0 19*8 pc 35/77 ib* 6 pe 

Sanhflo 17/62 4/39 pc 15*9 1/34 pe 



7/44 ah 18*1 9/48 r 
8/48 lh 19/08 12*3 pe 

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24/76 1 





19*8 1 






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PC 32*9 

24/76 pc 






28/79 pc 






23/73 pc 





38*79 pc 





long pc 






24*75 pe 






20/73 I 



SI /91 



23/73 pc 






12*53 pe 






19*0 pc 






12*63 pc 





24/76 pc 




12*53 pc 





24/75 pc 

North America 






1102 pe 






20*8 pc 






1369 ■ 






17*2 pc 






18*1 > 






18/31 pe 




PC 31/88 

29/77 pe 






23/73 pc 






19*6 pc 






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18*84 a 






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pa 32/89 

25.77 pe 






19*8 l 


41/108 28*2 


41/108 28*82 l 

3 *n Frui 




1407 pc 





1203 PC 





27 m 3 

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18*4 ■ 

W HO made those calls? Scotland Yard 
is reportedly investigating claims that 
Princess D iana pestered a married man 
with anonymous, silent phone calls over a 
year and a half . She denied the allegation. 
“They are trying to make out I was having 
an affair with this man or had some sort of 
fatal attraction,” the Daily Mail quoted 
her as saying. “It is simply untrue and so 
unfair. What have I done to deserve this? I 
fed I am bring destroyed. You cannot be 
serious, 1 don't even know how to use a 
parking meter, let alone a phone box." On 
Sunday, London newspapers quoted po- 
lice sources as saying that Diana was re- 
sponsible for the calls in 1992-93 to Oliver 
Hoare, a London art dealer, and his fam- 
ily. Hoare is a friend of the princess and 
her estranged husband. Prince Charles. 
Scotland Yard said it was incensed at the 
leak of its investigation. Buckingham Pal- 
ace refused to comment. 


While Mick Jaeger is playing to huge 
audiences in the united States, ms daugh- 
ter Karb Jagger, 23, is in Scotland making 
her debut as a theatrical director at the 
Edinburgh Festival. Although her father 
cannot be on hand, her mother, Marsha 

Hunt, is not only there but is performing 
the one- woman play, an adaptation of her 
first novel, “Joy, published m 1990. In the 
75-minuie perfor m ance. Hunt, who is 48, 
plays her creation, Baby Palatine, a 60- 
year-old God-fearing woman who be- 
comes the wardrobe mistress to a female 
pop group. A graduate- of Yale, Karis Jag- 
ger said rim cannot. imagine working with 
her father. “I'm not very musical," she 
said. ^ ■ - - • 


Jerry Lee Lewis said that Elvis Presley 
frit the two were competitors when they 

were rode V roll pioneers in the 1950s. 
“He did, tat I didn’t. Elvis was a great 

person and a very electrifying entertainer,' 
Lewis said. “He was a good fri 

friend of mine. 
And we had g oo d times. And it just seems 
like yesterday, and it was back 35 years 


Diana: “Simply untrue and so unfair. 
What have I done to deserve this?” ■ 

r-old daughter of King 
Juan Carlos an<f Queen Sophia, broke her 
nose and sprained her neck afterfalling off 
a horse during a show in the Spanish town 
of Gijon. She will have to wear a neck 
brace for three weeks. 

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