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INTERNATIONAL 




PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 



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Paris, Wedoesday, February 2, 1994 






in 

ina Raises 


TarSftort’ 
(^^rinsj Slxsdy 

St€t(us Is JfUghed 

By John M. Goshko 

••' ■ -a^iha^coit^Servfcv-- 

. WASHINiTi ON — Qnna took some '*po 9 « 
live slcps^.to curb lepi^ve practices durins' 
1993: bw its overan record of respect for 
ai?tt n^ts *reU far diort cf intematumaHy 
■acoqital' nonn^*' ibe Stale Departmdit ^ 
Tuesd^ iB its aonnalTiqMrt on Wght. 
.arouBd^WK'ld.-. 

• . Ctf tbe nptra os raon titan 150 coimtnes 
dial Cooigr» regtrirg the depar^ienr m nwVn 
ea^ ye^ Ouna has come in for stecial atten- ' 
lion becsuiseKtsdest BiU din loo most dedde 
py June whether to recmmiMiDd raiew^ of the 
most-Favoredr-natioa status that lives itriiittg 
low^iariff apc^ to TJ^. madcets. 

. Jcrfm H^tndLaafeiintsemtflty fif w«tf ffiif 
human riglits and huntaaitanan affairs^ noted- 
that the xqpcftS' wm not linked tp qtedfic 
(piesiidns of tiadh and' that h ^ up to the 
orient to decide -vibat vdgjn to live to 
numaD'-rights conaderations: 

. But, he added, tqK>rt shows that dining 

■1993 China bad a condmied rfin«tg of 

. laon, a ^tteni irf.abuse in hs 
ties fcT dissenters and pardoular rq l ression m 
Tibet,** a neighborii^ state that was forcQ^ 
incorporated into etdna. 

Tberqiorts^ OtatdieCZiineaegoveaiiBedt 
*'OOQlzniM to repress domestic edto and 
lailed to axioA abuses fay its own seeun^ 
forces.** It added that de^te the idease ^ 
some pdHtical prisoners, ‘numdie^ peshi^ 
thousmds** remain in prison or labor om^ 
Nriiere t^ are denied 1^ safc^iards and 
suUect to torture and other abuses. 

. 'The State Dqiaitment couns^, 

'Vi^ who j^ed>dr..Shatt^ in ttwI^ tlieT^ 
tepons puwc, -»udlM ducui^ dtat.-d^ Qii?: 
pi^ementainChuia's record had boi^ 
in part because of 

Mr. Shanudi said that 1993?theb^ 

xnan-ri^ts pignirg ^ 

ic firsi steps .toward recondliatioa’^.of.lc^'' 
standing confU'i^s Tn 
urriKKies; SoudriUnaH^p^bodi^^ 
vador. But, be said* r^oos ** 

onoed cotkSei^<ai»oim3e^^ 
sadi 


IMF Won’t Ease Up 
On Terms for Russia 

Head of Agency Ryects Criticism 
That Tough Rules Aid Nadonalists 


Ccmpiti^ ly Our 5i^ Frum Puptvrte 

WASHINGTON — The head of the Iniema- 
donai Moaetar>‘ Fund rgected criticism Tues> 
day that the lending agency's bai^ terms con> 
uibuted to tbe rise at uluanaiionalisis to 
Russia and said tbe IMF wouM not relar its 
condiDODS for releas^ more assistance to tbe 
former Soviet republic. 

IMF reqinremems to control mfUuon and 
restrain the budgn dendi are necessaty first 
5t^ to put Russia on a path toward rising 
iiv^ standards, said Michel Camdessus, tbe 
IMF managne director. 

‘We CQQsdCT it vital to speed up tbe stabUi- 
zation and reform process to create the neces- 
sary preconditions for sustained growth and 
improved living standards.” be said. “We all 

The IMF is bebig made a ‘‘scapegoat,*’ its 

nanagng tfiteclw asserts. Page 9. 

know that without ad^uatdy strong monetary 
and budget^ poheies. no efforts to reduce 
infladoD and ^bitize tbe ruble will be succtss- 
ful for loog.” 

Mr. Camdessus' oommeots came as an IMF 
team started disevssiODS in Russia with Prea- 
deut Boris N. Yeltsn's new economic team. He 
said those talks, aimed at unlocking SU brUion 
in IMF fimds. "may not be e^.” 

Mr. Camdttsus said the IMr team was will- 
ing to lisun to any new suggestions the Rus- 
sians m^gbt have to c<fer on bow to accomplish 
the goals (rf restraining the budget deficit and 
inflation. 

But, he added, “in view of tbe magnitude of 
the problems to be addressed and of the ap- 
proi^ of tbe giOvemmem in a number of areas, 
it oiay not be e^ for our missioa and tbe 
Russian negotiadag team to reach agreement 
00 a suital^ program.** 

Hie IMF team's visit bad been explicitly 
r^uested by Mr. Yeltsin, who wants to stress 
his inteotioD of canying on with economic 
reforms, despite a recasting of his economic 
poliqf. 

Tbe goyenunem's new approadi has brou^i 
\ioleni criticism and fears of an inflationary 
spiral or even hyperinnation in Russia. 

Last summer, the IMF approved an uutiai 


S13-biIlion assistancepacka^ from anew pro> 
|raiD that allowed IblF support to flow with 
lewer string? attacbed. But another 51 J billioa 


Is ndifim to c<iriDnwiw_.. 

for alwses notedly 9ike^s96ct$,b(9nw 
19y7,-d>eucwestjwmtiatjj!S5^^ ' 

at governments that Keo%U^eD raahvt^l 
gently intbe pascbe6ioae«f-4i^-4z^^ 

ties (^JDeadsbEp.fddi ihe^JuM 
AxBuitt than was Merioo. 
the soume^slw^^*of stagfi dw an- 

armed iqiEiaag on' New Yea^a. Da(y to priest ' 
gONYTtonentd neglect and abn^. The rqrart 
notedibeCbB^pas &tna(iiQn only briefly, stroit; 
occoriediiler -the-]99a calendar year. 

tfMLipT993 that Gcmtinued to be wi» 




FKt Ta HK/XROBt 


ItoUlM IN SEOUL— Sqnflitoan fanaera and stntoitsd gl iiiig w it h riot poBccToesday after they were tnriiedbaA 
Biitfd i ^ e <«flieUS.EBdb^.T1iefW<egtmTOfedeiiiaaftigtethego?cniineittvetoabinto 

IJ;S. PtJilics Serves the Sinn Fein Cause 


ingestoafodicial ktffiaga by t&epoSipe, tor&zr^ 
in<yi? anesit^' daru% prison de&aeac^ and 

extenixve tUegaf^iM labdr.*^ 

The n^KVt on Saudi AZi^ut also had aoiae. 
«/M*gh rfwwjg c to sty about America’s princ^al 
afly in ifae=GulfrJt said!Tiriaian rights contxet-' 
ued to'be pervasrve^ abased” threw^ 

detratioos, Severe restrictions 
DO freedom of speedt, pre^ peaeeMasseirihly 
andreligipmas^u^Mdefuidofpolhicaliigb^' 
Russu ccmtinned.to ioproveits leqiM for 

fairmiii rights, that countiy ^ 

there were setbadts caused by tbe vutetlcoor 

fUet in Getober. between iYesideoi B-ems N. 
Ydtsui*s'gpvenunent and bis oppooeoiain pai^ 

UamenUFreedexn of qieedi, anenibfy 
g^wqggmerallyreaiecte^dthoPjdimaoane- 

places observance of these right* 


■ - V By R. W, A^le Jr. 

, I'fvw Tflrfc Tto*W.5«r«faf, 

WASBINCTON — Both tbe Embassy 

inLon^ ari ^ Stale Department lecom* 
- nieadedttat Geoy Adams be denied a visa, but 
■Pteridenl ^ (^ton decided to adnm the 
Xj^'-iepublicaii leato. to the United States 
anyway laig^ for domestic political reasons, 
US omdals said Tuesday. 

Xn annoimcuig the deriaon Sunday, tbe 
White lloiire ^ that Mr. Adams, vriio heads 
Sinn Feim tlm pc£tical arm of tbe Irish Rqiub' 
Bean A nu y, had ma^ coooura^z^ leiunks 

about feaotmdiig VKtietice at a meetmg Friday 
ITS, dqdomats in Bdf^ to 
Botirit ud'American dSidomats fannhar with 
fco,TesnH*frf-tlm meeting heatedly ^spote tins. 
assenii% that Mr. Adams meedy rqiealed did. 


anbigrioes fonnubtioos in answer to spedSc 
questions. 

A 'White House olTicul conrinned that Mr. 
C^tOD had mate tbe dedsioo pecsouaDy and 
conceded that he bad been influenced, in part, 
^ the fact that Senators Edward M. Keimedy 
of Massabfausetta and Darnel Patrick MoynQ^ 
of New York, among otiien, strongly tobbied 
for the adnnssion oC Mr. Adams. He arrived in 
New Yodt City on Monday for a cooifereoce on 
Northop Iidand. 

Mr. Moyniban and bti. Kennedy, both Itirit- 
America and botii liberal Democrats, are 
chaioBNo of m^or Senate ooaaattees whose 
cooperetiOB & ewtial to the passage of the 
prestet’s health care and wdfare icfonn pro- 
grams. 

**1110 preadeut obviously gets a political divi- 
dend ^ accommodating to and Teddy on 


this,** a White House lactiriao said “But be 
also thought that tins was a risk worth taking on 
its own merits, beause it just niigbi bdp the 
peace process in Northern Irdand. Tbe only 
dowQsideis that U obviously ticks off tbe Brits, 
but that is equally obviously accqiiable to a lot 
of us,” 

Many of Mr. Gimou’s backers and aides 
vrereisiuriated during tbe 1992 campaign when 
the Conservative Party of Prime Minister John 
Major tried to help former Prestdent George 
Bua win re-decuoQ. Thai wound has not 
hetded. 

But tbe administration adt^ted a cooeflia- 
lory lone Tuesday. After Douglas Hurd, the 
British foreign secretary, met here with Vice 
Presidem AJ Gore, the White House issued a 

See ULSTER, Page 3 


earmarked for Moscow by cbe end of the yev 
was never released because Russia's economic 
refonns faltered. 

Tbe IMF bad been pushing for cuts in tbe 
budget defleit and a titter mooeuiy policy in 
order to get inflation down to S permt on an 
ajiDualircd basis by the fma] quarter of the 
year. 

Inflation was running at a 16-percent -inniiai 
rate during this period, howeva. and IMF 
ofliciais said Tuesday t^’ believed inflation 
was even higher during tbe first part of January, 
running at possibly an 18 percent aiuual rate. 

Mr. Caiteessus said trie IMF would not 
object if the United Slates and other individual 
demor countries continued supplying bilateral 
assistance to Russa. but to maaiain iis credi- 
bility, die IMF had to inrist on Russia meeting 
tou^ economic conditions. 

He said that of 555 billioa in aid packages 
announced over tbe last two years by the 
Group ot Seven industrialized countries. 538 
billion has been delivered, primarily in bilateral 
assistance. fAP, AFP) 


Now Opening 
Across Russia: 
New Paradise 
For Workers 


By Fred Hiatt 

H'ashington Fast Service 

MOSCDW — They leave their families 
behind and live in cramped dormitories 
for months on end. Attracted by a stable 
economy and a valuable local currency, 
they come to work, taking jobs the locals 
no longer want. 

These “guest workers" are oot Russians 
travelii^ to Poland or Germany, but 
Ukrainians and Belarussians coming to 
Russia — hundreds of thousands of them 
in recent months. The economy that at- 
tracts them is Russia's, and the correocy 
they want is the much maligned ruble. 

To Westerners used to thinking of tbe 
Russiao economy as chaos sliding toward 
catastrophe, tbe growing presence of for- 
eign woikets at this nation's coal mines, 
construction sites and bus depots may be 
surpriring. Even many Russians seem be- 
mused by the bflux of so many of their 
Slavic ndgbbors. 

On tbe most basic level the phenome- 
non shows clearly that no matter how bad 
things are in Russia, they are much worse 
in many other pans of the former Soviet 
Union. Tbe number of such workers is 
growing so fast that President Boris N. 
Yeltsio issued a decree last month de- 
rigoed to prevent their exploitation. 

But the phenomenon mo illustrates the 
peculiar nature of Russian reform, now at 
a critical juncture. Tbe ruble is rdatively 
attractive because key reformist offleiaU 
— who left the goveramem Iasi week in 
the face of reactionary opporition ~ man- 
aged last year to ke^ mflation manage- 
able. 

[rom'coily. however, the general av*aij- 
ability of jobs testifies to the reformers’ 
failure to bring liuidameDUl ebange to 
Russia's iaefflwm economy. Prime Min- 
ister Viktor S. Cberootnyrdtn and his re- 
foim-woo' supporters — now’ in unques- 
tioned control of the govenunent — have 
managed to keep vinu^y e\'eiy one of tbe 
coimiiys unprofliable faciorieis and farms 
afloat with cheap credits, a practice critics 
say blocks long-term investment in new 
businesses and promotes hyperinflation. 

“I wish that uneiDpIoyineDt wasn't a 
symbol of success.” said Judith Shapiro, 
an econooiist here who studies cbe job 
market. “But without people loang jobs, 
we know we haven’t goltea very far," sbe 
added, in dismantling tbe old ^viei-siyie 
ooounand economy. 

Boris G. Fyodorov, a free-markei advo- 
cate who quit his post as finance minister 

See WORKERS, Page 4 


At Reborn European Bank 
Ifs Lend More, Spend Less 


Mdshipmen Cheated: What Went Wrong? 


By Feiii Shea 

- tVashupeaPatSwfiee 
ANNAPOIJ^ Maiyfamd -r It w a tfsmaJ 
wedc, camnsK a ^ttynai year ai.tlio-^B Naval 
Academy, Aner a .string crif trage^ ~ tbe 

. deaths of graduates m a'murdo'^SBxate and of 
midslupiDen in car aeddents '~~tliasdio(d now . 

tsdevBsUtedl^its.owBfnlute. 

Ar«nortmadepubtetow^te^*W 

worst5ieMiDgscandaimflt**^^*®**o^*H^' 

year histowiNo ooc, frisin the 6*®®est wdie to. 

ihi, h^g lwst task, came away onscathed by the 
dnonlcje of and coveo-t^ that mate a 
tnockery trf acaddpy’s sacred. Hbiwri^- 


‘‘hfitehipmen do not li^ cheat or steaL' 

. '^It leavm me sad,** ^ lUdiard L Aznut^ 
;a fboner State Dq>artiiieat:official and 15^ 
aoidenv gcado^ ‘Tt's a 'dqnessed feding. 
£»te tte waadid' ovw thae adds to it. It’s 

”Miii 9 ctf ns iriib have bea in the Defense 
'Dqiiiartaient Iii e t a g d iy fed like we let down the 
Vm teamaKrtebttbyaottqintghante 
tia yndua m preserve die riirite cC. our boobr,” 
said Mr. Aontage, who serm oo- the civilian 
Board of. VSaiteSt which ovdsics the academy. 

After the loort, ptuems flooded the school 
wntii pbram trying to dftenmte 


their chfldreo wonld be eiqidled. The acade- 
my’s sopCTtendeot, Rear Admiral Thomas C 
Lynch, singlied out for criticism in che report, 
would not give interviews. And midriiipxziea, 
under strict orders to avoid the press, would say 
€piy that the vriide affair bad left diem emo- 
tionally exhausted. 

“Snee last firing, the morale around here- 
has beeu the wemt I've eva seen it,” said a 
professor who hits 'lau^ at the aeadosy for 
more thm a decade. Nm. be sud, with the 
seninr s w^tmg to see if they’ll be cxpdkd. '‘it's 
bkeafunaair 

TtK academy, which produced focmer Presi- 


dent Jimmy Carter and oiha national leaders, 
is alsa aeonriing to the navy inspector gener- 
al’s report, tbe academy where 133 students 
cheated on the tough electrical engineering 
exam in 1992. Later, many ctf them steadfastly 
lied and cc^ uded 10 cover up their in volvemen t, 
the r^n says. 

What’s more, the report says top oOkials 
mishandled the investi^tion and fostered a 
widespread impressioa of favoritism toward 
foowll jilayers who cheated. 

As copies ctf tbe report Altered mto tbe acad- 
emy’s small, walled campos here, Goger-point- 

See ACADEMY, Page 4 


By Erik Ipsen 

Iniertuttianal fientU Tribune 

LONDON — The Enropean Bank for Re- 
consmictioD and Develqpmeoi. assailed last 
year for spending bi^ sums to fix up its 
London bmcpiarteis instead of malang loi^ 
to Eastern Europe, has quietly chan^ its 
stripes. 

“Tbe are coming thick and fast now.” 
ft-iiri Andrew Racber. head of CS Hrst Boston's 
office in Prague. ”Tl)ere seems to be a new 
impenitive to get things done.” 

Three years after its founding and four 
fflODihs after its new prerident, the veteran 

banker Jaccpies de Laroaire, took tbe helm, the 

KariV b» iwanagad an imptcsrive tuinaround. 

In 1993 tbe European Bank. Much was set up to 

^nir the ecoDOHUes of Eastern Europe and the 


former Soviet Union, approved 156 new loans 
and investmesiis in the r^on, nearly three 
limes as many as in the previous year. 

I . as * year's commitments totaled 3,76 billion 
European Currency Units lS4.2 billion). Actual 
disbursements of cash in 1993 came to a more 
modest 550 millioD Ecus. But although that 



i previous year. 

“The pcc^Ie we deal with there say they feel 
they are o^g w'atched more, that they n^ to 
do ’two or three Arials s year.” said a senior 
merchaiu banker in Lood^ wbo asked not lo 
be IdcDtiTied. He contrast^ that state of affairs 
with Ibe oJd d^ when the bank was run by 
Jacques Auali. *1060, the banka masted, Euro- 

See B.ANK, Page 4 


Kiosk 


Terrorists in Algiere Kifl^a^^^ 


■ Two fcwdgijouni^sts, a Fiwtojj ^ 

ail AMStfto ««« sJ»M “ t** 

trict <tf Alpers on TuescI^ and the FteM*- 

tlira^glmpHcat^iaAtt^ 

' TtmVjSrdinTs hosba^ ajo*" 
ted tbe attadc ” 

Nancy Kori^^His 

was iavetfved m the ooo^wa^- (P^ 


iDffii lata died ^ his wooik^ tte Algeria 
sequity. $eraoes'md.-71i9 caBed die md- - 
cieqt a (etniiKan^ (Ps^ ^ 

NewOfikntoFam 

viteom and QVeX Aval hiddm 
^Y^mt gnnmmiieerieina, anhmitted new ftf- 
fos tost before a deadline'sei t^toaindimt 
in mb fivMnooih takeover ba^ ^^e 9) 


Kohl and Clinton Find Food for Thought in Capital 


. Mewsstattd P rices 

tortn-,.„:9.00 FF 

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Dovj Jone 




'TUM.dBM' 

' onvfcudoM 

om ■ 

1.731 

1.7342 

Pound 

■; 1.S01 

1A0S5 

Yen 

'1Q7B5 

106.S 

•PF 

p.8775 

5.885 


By Maureen Dowd 

JVfw Tflrk Tima Sarice 

WASHINGTON — Helniut Kohl is dearly ooi a man to 
takea fainL 

T^en Preddoit Bill CUnion saw the Gennan diancdlor in 

Bfussds a few weeks agOk he obserred that Mr. KohJ reminded 
him of a jumo westlec. 

p ipVima rie idatioos between naticos have been n^mired 
for less. But white many Gennans considered the remuk an 
insull, the jovial Mr. Kc^ prefeired to take it as a sign that the 
preadoit, vAo also likes to eat, was trying to bond with him. 
(At least, that is tbe spin Kohl advisos put on ibe story.) 
So'ratba than thiowisg down the gauntlet, bfr. Kohl threw 

down tte giltet, making a date tritb Nn. CJinum to diow down 

togetha at a Gtot^aaim restaurant best known for ^asi 
porttOTs- , . ^ , _ 

Tbe Gennan wbassador to the United Stams, lucno Sta- 
brdx, tried to put a patina ^ d^loman on Monday’s visit, 
[Kponos ihau Mr. Kohl and Mr. Clinton needra to get 

er again so soon afta BnKsiris because titey had not had 

loeto.talk.m private. 

But high on ^ agenda fev the two larfcst leaders of large 
countries was food. (Afta tJi, Mr. Kohl does lUH have much 
time before his'ajmii^ Lenten diet be^ns.) 



Mr. Kohl did not want to trifle with White Hotm cuiane. 
He took tbe presidem to lunch at bis favorite Italian resmu* 
rant. FBcnnena’s, wbicb be had plugged during his March trial, 
u^Iainiog to Mr. Chnion that be round it eaaa to faD asle^ 
after eating a big dinner. 

The Gennan reponos camped outside tbe restaurant under^ 
stood that ibis was pasu diptomacy. 

They are both great big food iovos. there's oo doubt about 
that,” said Wema Sonne, German tdevirioo. Tou only 
have to Icxti: at Kcti to ks^ be likes to eat And Pitsideat 
CHmon obvioosly is also a food lova.” 

Ti all looks g^” Mr. Qimai said. When he «« told by 
Joanna FOomena Chiacctaieri, one of the owners, that tlie 

"pasta mamas, ** as the traditional pa^ inakefs are called, were 

exdted by the visit, Mr. Cismon relied, *T want some of their 
pasta.** 

Tbe two leaders, whose combined weight approaches 500 
pouD^ sat 3l a table in the teck of the restaurant beneath a 
chandelia of glass grope diBters, surrounded by hanging pasta 
strands and loaves of bre^ 

‘Tbete's no spa cuiane here,” bragged the dief, Vito Piam. 
“Our motto is abboruianza.'’ 

The men started with some 1988 Bruoello di Montakino (a 


full-bodied red wine, naturally) and some favorite dishes of 
Mr, Kohl's. Ibe chancellor \as been coming to Fikxnena's for 
ad^e. 

T^ had hot and cold antipasti, fried calamari — without 
gariic, Tor social reasons.” a Kohl aide confided — and ravioli 
stuffed with veal cheese and spinach and topped vriih maiin- 
ara sauce. 

“Chaocdlor Kohl likes his ravioli in a bread bowl” ex- 
plained Mrs, Quacdiieri, adding that tbe bowl is edible. The 
prudent also had a Tuscan soup with white beans, tomato and 
qtfnach. They both had a^/mccino and a dessert of zabo^ione 
and nuxed bmes. 

They did not eat any of the Getmaii dtocoiate cake, which 
Mrs. Chiacdiieri had na m e d "The toadoii Clinton cake.” 
But Mr. Ginton's pensonal aide, Andiw Friendlv, was seen 
leaving tbe restaurant wth two huge cake boxes, so there may 
have bm some munching once tte leaders were safely bebtiul 
the tinted ^aas of their Km Qt«il nB 

Some members <tf the German and American entourages at 
the table had a hard time keefung up with thor bosses. Asked 
how the lunch was, one ttf Ac American offals present 
r^hed, "The dumceUor and Prerident CUnion have miu- h 
bq;ga appetites than I have.” 




> 

tr 










INTERNATIONAL HERALD 11UB1JNE, WEDNESDAY, l^RU^Y 2, 1994 


South Africa’s Urban Vigilantes Vow to Stay on Watch 


By Bill Keiler 

Hew Torib Toro Sonce 

KATLEHONG, South Africa — A stranger Uun- 
doiz^ ifllo the RaiDokoQ<^ secdoQ of Katleboog 
' township between dude and 2 AM. may encounter a 
tithe young blacfc man in dentoi shorts and a spotless 
soccer shill 

Excqjt for the ayauii rifle half-hidden under his. 
windbteaker and tbe io tense look of calculation — he 
is wondering Whether to kill tins intruder — be could 
be the law studimt he once a^ired to be: Aged 26, he 
has a dean-cut, ooU^ate look, and an unflinching 
self-assurance about I& cause. 

“Tve never killed anyone wlm was unocem.’' be 
said, samling. “1 would say. these people Idlled them- 
selves, by oorning here: They kill themsdves. I don’t 
km them." 

In Katlebong, an urban combat zone east of Johan- 
nesburg; he is one oi the most respected leaders of the 
urban vigilantes Mio si^ tbei^ves “sdf-defense 
units.” To some township resdents, he is black Sewtb 
Africa's guardian angel; to many othos he is a Fran- 
kenstein fflocster of liberatioa that eodan^sis its 
creators. 

Although he supports the African National Con- 


gress, the watnor that ndtber Ndsra Mandela 
nor anyone else will wish him trff the streets, not 
before and not after dections in April 
**I won’t allow them to disarm me,” be said. “We 
can't expect that after 27 April everydung is BCMn|^to 
be norm^ we’n aU gedng to gd jobs and mm uaL we 
can't expect that th^v^o arc idning the people will 
hsten to the new govermnenL” 

Tbe sdf-defensc units mi^nated in the nad'19S0s 
as a khod of South African tqmang against u^te 
poHce offices and soldiers vriio bedeviled tbe hladr 
townsh^ They coalesced into mote fmmal ndlitias in 
199Q, iriKD tbe around Jbhafinesbsig 

enipted in ctmfUa between the African National Con- 
gress end tbe Zulu-based lukatha Freedom Raw. 

They are organized bloclc by blodt, with pnibably 
huntbw of fighters in the lethal eight-kiloin^ (Gve- 
mile) radius centered on Katldumg. Tor every filter 
there are many others wbo serve as unarmed bdpm 
hdstnig boulders to tarrhade streets or 
trenches to ambush police vdiides. 

Financed by tithes from every bousefadd, Jhey boy 
black-market guns and ammunition that flow firom 
MoeamUque and Zimbabwe. 

The Ramokonopi viplante dropped out of school 
four years ago to enlist in the street war. He has oever 


Jreld a job, and for the last two years has slept in 
hideouts. 

The targets of the panels are, dm xntunly white 

p^keof thebaied Iniemal Stabi% Urdtand, second, 
anyone suspec^ of being lolcatha. 

.Kamokotu^i bmders on Mazibnko Hosted, an In- 
Imtha stron^iokL To diminam Inkatlu havms in ih^ 
neighborhood, the viplantes have foioed families sus- 
pei^ of Inkatluiyinpetfaies (oevaeoate theirlKmses. 

A strange car or pedestrian catering the neighbor^ 
hood will be stc^jpea and searched at rnnpoinL If the 
vi ^antes are not satined, they wfll loll a suqiect on 
the spot. 

*Tt is bad to kill somebody, but it is easy to rmll the 
trieea- ” he said. don't have anv shame foe the ^ute 


il and they, express a general disdain for leadffi who 
M thejlimuibs.'' 

Formal^/diey are overseen by driejngamzations, 
local com^ loosdy aDpied w Ub ANC but ht- 
ebiding members c/ha, more parties. In 
pactioe^ tbe units are a piwa mno tlBOUdns. 

Even F^'Mokaba, u ANC ™Ktaqt -ribo had 
been a Iiob to townshm yoongsteis, haadcKiibed tbe 
aaaoa ot the sdf-^ense nniis as “naive and 
mu^ded." 

**lc was wrom to pot men and women- widi aims 
under on fli-demied and amorphoos stnxAire imowit 
as "ho community,"’ he said in his final qteedt as 
chainhmi of the ANCs Youtii Leagt^-JMsc^liiie bad . 
brafenn down, he added. 


a Uack perstm, and if he is TnfcatiM i do not fed very 

IWtlrfl ** 

Often after tbe vigilantes have wounded or killed a 
suspected ifiiratha tte^MsscT, tbOT entoungB vriU set 
the suspem os Sie, a way of extending tbe iasnll to the 
victim’s fas^y and conrades by denying them a last 
at his face. 

Altbou^ most Katldioag militia members support 
the African NatkmaJ Omgr^ du^ do iiot aiiswer to 


Mokaba but now hmq)s him.v^ die mtgoiiiy of 
politicians who, he saj^ are dot cd ttneh. witii tim 
street 

ffisTBfliMign to MaA iMdmwjiftwpitkl thff 

units is inastent and a bit offmtded. On ifae oohtnxy,' 


tramed and paid to octntmue doing what tb9y do now. 

“Thw should be the firrt line etC defense for the 
pet^le,*^ he said. 


Shots Disrupt Celebration 
OfRevobition Date in Iran 

Reuun 

TEHRAN — A man fired shots outside tbe shrine of AyatoQah 
RoboUah Khomeini in Tehran on Tuesday as Iran’s head of state 
gave a ro c ech marking the start of the 19^ fslamic levohitioiL 

Tbe (fficial Iraman press agency. IRNA said shots were Bred into 
the air by a man with a pistol who was then sdzed ^ the crowd. The 
man later told interr^tors that he wanted oi^ to ^poO the 
celebratkms. IRNA said. 

Rresideaii Akbar Hasbemi Rafsaiyani, 59. resumed after a short 
break his speech marking the return from exile in 1979 of the father 
of the Islo^ state. 

“Hashemi, Hasbemi, you are the apple of our eyes,” dianted the 
crowd. 


Croats Intervened 
In Bosnia^ UN Says 




By Julia Preston 

IVatliu^cn Poai Semre 

UNITED NATIONS, New 
York — Secretary-General Butros 
Butfos Ghali said Monday that 
UN (tflidals had confimied to tbe 
Security CouncQ that Croatia sent 
as maiqr as 5,000 troops armed mth 
heavy artiUeiy and rodtet-launch- 
ers to fight on tbe side of the Croats 
in Bosnia. 

In a inpon to a closed meeting of 
tbe couflol late Monday, a senior 
UN offlcial said there were three 
Croatian brigades, uunibering 
3.000 to 5,000 soldiers, in Bosnia- 
Herzegovina. 

He said that UN officials had 
ohsoved troops drawn from six 
different Croatia-based brigades as 
wefl as spedal police anils operat- 
ing in support of the miUtias made 
up of Bo^an Croats. 

The UN official reported that 
the Croatian forces were equipped 
with heavy artillery and multiple 
rocket launchers, but that UN ob- 
servers had not seen any battle 
tanks. In recent days, the United 
Nations has observed four military 
helicopter Qij^ts from Croatia into 
Bosnia. 

'The dedaofi has to be taken by 
the Security Coundl about how to 
deal with this new dement,” Mr. 
Butios Ghali said at a press confer- 
ence. He said tbe UN r^orts did 
not whether tbe Croatian forces 

were rc^ilar army or v'olunteers. 
The Za^b government has assert- 
ed that aU the Croatians fighting in 
Bosnia are there on ihdr own ini- 
tiative, outride its control 

While Croatian troths have been 
observed for many months in Bos- 
nia, the heavy weapons have come 
in recratly as Bosnia Mu^ forces 


have pressed a successful caimaign 
against positions of Bosnian Goats 
in centra Bosnia. 

The United Nations has imposed 
harsh sanctions on Serbia for back- 
ing the Bosnian Serbs with troops 
and heavy weaponry. Duringa visit 
to Croatia last moolh, the UE. iq>- 
resentative to the United Nations, 
Madeleme K. Albright, warned 
that Croatia might also face sanc- 
tions if it intervened with troops in 
Bosnia. 

But many Coundl nations are 
reluctant to conrider new sanctions 
because (hey want to focus dieir 
efforts instead cm bring^ the par- 
ties to agree to end tbe war. 

Mr. folios Ghali also issued a 
can to Europe and the United 
States to centinue lo support tbe 
tortuous pc^ n^tiauons. and 
expressed his oraoritioo to Iffting 
the UN arms embiugo. 

■ Serbs Shell To^ Airport 

Serbian gnnners on Tuesday 
sbdlod the perimeier of tbe Tuzla 
airport in nonhem Bosnia-HeRe* 
govisa, whkib the United Natiens 
wants to reopen to handle humani- 
tarian flights, Agence France- 
Presse reported fixra Tbzla. quot- 
ing a Swedish officer of the UN 
Protection Force. 

Ueutenant Colond Alf Gi^, the 
chief of goi^ staff of a Scanaina- 
rian b^talion deployed in the 
Tuzla area, said that “greoate fell 
in and outride the aaipon area.” 

Nine shells were fired at about 
4:30 P.M. by Serbian forces sur- 
rounding Tuzla, officets at the bat- 
talion bodquarters said. One fed! 
less than a kilometer from the run- 
way. 

Ibere were no casualties. 


I Gic| MadMM/tie SMsdwS F)»: 

MOGADISHU LESSON — Orphaned Som^gpfc in tto at mMamkgchocJ hi Mo8afeiiii,t*gefmdanii«iito 

Algiers Terrorists Kill French Journalist 


Agaue Fnatee-Presse 

ALGIERS ‘—A French journalist was IdUed 
and lus Australian raU^oe was seriously 
wounded In a tmorisi in Alters on 

Tuesday, the Algerian security ssvices said. 

Olhitf Qaaiaaeur. 34. a Frenchman who 
worked for the .Anstradian Broadcasting Cmp., 
died after being taken to a hospital 

Tbe Australian, Scott Allan White. 3S.al$o 
ompkiyed by the oetwodc, was in seiious condi- 
tioo, tbe securi^ services said. 

They said the attack was carried out in the 


Casbah district of the capital considered a 
stroo^ld of Muslim fundamratahsts. They 
gave no further details. 

Sources said tiiejounialistsweresliotby two 
or three gunmra wbo robsequentfy fled. There 
was no rnimerfiale claim of leqmisibili^ for 
the IdDings. 

The authodties have blamed armed 
activists for attadES.oo Algei^ intdlectnab 
and foreigners seen as cdlaboiaiing with the 
r^jme. Nfr. Quenoncur was the 27th foreigner 


and fiftii French natitnai to be killed in Algeria 
Mfioe such attacks began on SqnL 20. 

A Muslra extnmun wganization, the Aimed 
Iriamic Group, has claimed icponritnl^ for 
several of the attacks on forogneis since it 
Iddn^jped diree French coosnlar woricos last 
year. 

The groiqi hdd the three for a week before 
they were freed fo srimrity forces at the end of 
October. Oire of tlien fuul been givmai^^ 
wranungfocdgnecs thmtiuy had until Dec. 1 to 
leave the country or face dleath. 


South African Police Pulled From Some Areas 


By Paul Taylor 

WaslUi^gtoii Poa SsWev 

KATLEHONG, South Africa — Venturing 
into the deadliest of Semth Africa's pc4iticat 
Idlliug Grids, Ndsoo Mandda. presideot of the 
Afiican National Congress, unveiled a peace 
plan Tuesday that "mtImH the first tune his 
(ffganizatioD had ^vea its pt^tical blessing to a 
nuyor ptto initiative 1^ the white oanori^' 
govenunent. 

Tbe plan — also presented in Pretoria by 
ftesident Frederik W. de Klerk — .paDs fre- 
withdrawing a mainly white riot polte squad 
from a duster of townships east of Johanoes- 


bas^ The police umt is being replaced by the 
■ tiiMnly blatt anuy troops. 

“T& plan is mieoM to save lives,” Mr. 
Mandda ic4d a dieerms cnTWd of ANC si^ 
potters in a coouounity mdl Snee July, neany 
1 JOO pec^have been riat^tered in this and 
neidioming lownsfaqts. 

The plan was denounced as a “treacherous 
betrayd” by a sprteman for the Inkatha I^ee- 
dom Party, which is laigdy Zulu. Tbe spokes- 
man asse^ that South African Defense Force 
ffoops were “openly aHpied with the ANC” 
The mam source of the vioteoce here is a 
part-political part-ecoaomic, pact-ethnic, part- 


ideolojocd p<m stnig^ between ANC-' 
afigned towztthq) iradents and Inkatim-alig^ 
migtant wodten who live in dmmitoiy like 
horids on the edge of the oomnaxoitiesL 

On most nights, resideats say, one can bear 
the oad^ of gnnfiie. Most nioiDn^ the po- 
lice drive thio^ the dnsQr riieets in armored 
peaoooel canreis, dodge bullets and ind: iqi 
corpses. 

Tbesd^r moming, tbe hacked boefy of a 
woman was found in tbe Mandela squatter 
camp just ou^de of Kaidon^ and the bmned 
body of a mm was found not far from tbe 
communion ceoier vriiere Mr. Mandda spoke. 


Tale of 2 Cities, Venice and Mestre, Nears Its Final Chapter 


By Roderidt C. Morris 

Special to the HeraU Tnbime 

VENICE — For centuries, the 
Doge of Venice was rowed in a 
^ded barge to the mouth of the 
lagoon every ^ring to cast a gold 
1^ into the d^ to celebrate tbe 
cit/s “eternal nrariage to the sea." 
In 1926, however, MussoUm pre- 
sided over a shot^ wedding that 
formed Voice into a sio^e city 
with the newly emerging industrial 
town of Mestra 


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This second mairia^ has noL 
acemding to an increasing number 
of friends of both parties, bees a 
success. “Separation" was first dis- 
cussed as the only solution to tbe 
couple's future hmpiness more 
than 30 years ago. Now, after two 
previous referenduins. io 1979 and 
1989, Venetians wiD vote Sunday 
with tbe distinct possibtli^ that 
Venice and Mestre vtill finally de- 
cide tcuotie the knot 
“The lerraferma was always con- 
sidered as the doormat of Venice,” 
Piero Betga^ 65, Vemce-bom 
lawyer who initiated the 
tion” campaign in I960, said m his 
office in Mes^ 

’*And tba. in tbe 1920s a real 
disaster struck when a group of 
local busuMssmen who wanum to 
devriop heavy industries on the 
niainl^ and also held positioas in 
the Fasdst govenuneut obtained a 
decree to make Mestre, until then 
an indqieodent town, part of Ven- 
ice. 


“Ever since both dties have been 
suffering dhe oonseqoaoes from 
this fatal embrace. Venice is a dty 
of can^ waterways, a unique, an- 
deat with prob l ents eotirdy 
different From Mestre. a modem 
town whose destiny lies whh the 
rest of the mamtand ” 

The industrializatioa of the area 
10 the sooth of Mestre created a 
new port, tinpyards, factories and 
Italy’s largest petrochemicals 
WO&. This led in mm to steady 
migration from Vemce to the main- 
land as many Venetians nuned in 
search of jobs, cfaeapff housing and 
more modem amenities. The re- 
sulting exodus has raised the popu- 
lation of Mestre-Margbera to 
around 200 JX)0 and redum that 
Vemoe and tbe other islmidscf the 
lagoon to a little more than 
IQOOOO. 

Meanwhile^ those in favor of a 
“yes” vote for separation say that 
two distinct, incompatible dues 
have emerged. 


“It would be interesting ” said 
Mario D’Eha. 47, also a lawyer, 
who leads Venice's canqreim for 
dhiaon, *^o do a study cf the Ve- 
netian Local PdrticiaiL This would 
be a me£cal psy^opcal psy- 
chiatric study — a study of sdnzo- 
phrenia. After all he has to deal 
amulianeously with two complete- 
ly diffeiest ^-pes of rie^mte. 
whose needs and wishes are total^ 
opposed In .Mestre-Maighera lie 
his to say that we most p r eserve 
^ industiie& create new jobs, xe- 
invigorate the ehgiffl e!il works. But 
if he goes. say. to Peflesttina, an 
island dt fishomen on the lagoon, 
he (anndies himsdf into a speech (rf 
an en\iroamentalist variety, saying 
that industrial pollotion nw«t be 
cratroDsd. fitii sto^ notect^ a 
coDtradictny ptraositiOD.” 
“Venice's pnrimms will never be 
sdved, ” said Mr. D'Elia, iwig 
as Mestre’s (tfobleins tmnam panh 
mount, whiira ib^' will, ghen that, 
because of the population distribu- 


tion, there are twice as many votes 
in Mestre as in Venice.” 

With a support for a “yes” vote 
qqrarent^' nsas inexorahty — in 
the earlier leforadums, 27percent 
is 1979. 43 pescQU in 1989, and, 
accor^g to a smvqr a coi^ of 
weeks ^o. 55 peccenc now — the 
debate has become more heated 
tfwn ever. To add to the esdte- 
ment, it was found out just ova a 
werit ago that tbe boundaries 
shown on jMSters parted iqi by the 
municqiabty were different nom 
the ones described in the referen- 
dum documenL The entire mdns- 
trial area of Mat^Kia. and a size- 
able residential zone on the 
mainland nugfat have ended iq> as a 
Venetian oriave in Mestre. 

After a flurry of mwarngs, the 
Regiraial Coundl announced that 
tbe borders as shown on the posters 
would altiK)^ tb^ slice 
through veniee’s anp^ leaving 
tire lagoon-side lunwtq^ in the puta- 


tive Venice and the teniuiiri brnUr 
ings in Mestre. 

Anirtber issue is whether Veuioe 
would get to kec^ all tte takings (d 
the ci^s Mumcipa) Caaoo or 
riretber they would be tiiaied whh 
Mestre. 

In the post ^ tbe main political 
parties oppo^ dhtidng Verrioe 
and Mertie. But, with the ^sinte- 
grxtm of lire old system, the ceo- 
ter-iight partim are broa^ m far 
vor, inclndirig the Northern 
Leagoe, wfakh swept dm board in. 
many mamlasd Vaetocortstitaea- 
d es , »H><1 in the pondous 
part of C3n<%^ at M soodi of the 
lagDon. 

The Demoaaiic FarQr of the 

howcv^Cfhidi led 

leftist psties dttf won a in^(Ki^ 

in recent mnnicipal ekedons m 

Venice, lematns oroosed to the 

qjit,andiscatnpaiEning!<ga”no'* 

votn 


WiqjJBKIEFS 

Aiia Gete Bfore Itedc 

SINGAPCHUE (Rsuteis) —Asia is theW^stolea 
swaBowieg maiions of tong of discards tem m dn^ a hi ed 
year, the intemationai eavitoiiiirental fftnp 
^rifhw used to send it to Afiica, Cffloal and Late AMg tom 
havB (fosed 0^ ift oM^ ooi Mid Sm« 

Diveaia,aU)!idclMte^recirfistrifliGt» - • j '■ • *ta. 

^Sl990 to I993,^Si. Cao»^ 

Uidted Stete dnp^ mwe than ^ 

Mr. Divedre said. TTds irrefaded housetod gSTOK 6^5^ 

• • e__.^ 1 ■rni-Mii nnn WTimrMirtwiflr iiTuStf^ imflff 



pto" 


■ . 
. / ■ 

'\j Ik 


the emse of ieCTeEngSom^are Uiuted States, and Japan^ 

GreSS»«pai^ 

moreman^ nriffion more tons tf Baiigladedi, 

a|yn»e Ae trader^ proposals.. . 

Latria Opts for ^ ^ 

% p. M u Jim aiiTf»t«ter. Ote irMf.AfiABM W g^ 


. WA^INGTON (itoaCBc^ — F(sei^ Mnoster Aiidtqevs df 

lAtria£«Ded'Ihes<teytoaetU5.secriritygaanmtc»fcr&fo^iw 

Imt saMLatvmwoaidjcan tire North Ayanticiie^QcgfioiataoMnew 

FartnridopteFeacexmgramtinsHKntiL. ' . r-Tiii b'.- , * 

Mz. AnMe» said that whOe Latvian security o^of ibd 

main topics miri^ two hcNire tf talks with senKX defe^ cfficiats at the 
Pentagon.-'^We were not able to get thsre.guaiantees.” -• • 

inatmaA TMtm li^ “dagded po^huJv” toioang ifaeghrtner- 

for Peace, under wlndi NATO has invited fooner Snut siai».«o 
devriop. ties with' the West witboirt.<tffiach3ig. them jniKtaiy ptorec qaq- 

“Somebody from n^couiitty is grinft to ^ to Aussds to sign UK first 

agreem en t,* Mr. Anorgevs said^ aid not gtwe a datp, . . 


r . 

V'.y- P 
is*'"' 


LONDON (CambinedDispalfiiKs}—^tlairiYaidde(e^^ 

an investigation Thesday Into tire of two American passengen 

and two Britirit crewmen ra a y«±t m tire Caribbean^ tire prace 

. FisheciMn foand tire bodies Saluidw after tire yacfal was found 
andwied not far from tire of Battada, 15-nnlm QS IdlcmriiM^ 


Ihetiiiiidea as aaiock to tiie.twiiHriand fedentioii'.oC Anrigna* 

-.and Barimda.Ilq>QrtssQggestedtiret the ‘vearelinqr bve been raided hy| 
ttialm piqr on vesiS in the area. Ihe vkriDB won idriotiSed as an, 

Ogden canreotive, Jrim Cknver, Jns vrifo, Rt^.Ctegye!r;t Kith^<^ ^ 
frw Califtwnia but firirut m Rntrin, -and two Britidi uriirinen, Ian' , 
rridiimil wiH’ Thnn MM WHTh atniL . - (ATP,AF). 

30 More Die m &irim£ 

BUJUMBURA, Burundi (Realm) — At l^ 30 pep^ have been! 
toarf and 40 woiiaded in teirewed eflmteMoodtettii]g,aiBiHrinffi,,flre: 
foteanatknri Coinimttee of tireBed Ccofss said Tuesto. ' ; 

• “Acoarding to boqntal. sources time' have been X ddid sm 4Q‘ 

woimdedi,”aKBdCim90lGmmahsaMfoNriic^ 

Dtoloinatre sources said most of tire cmitilties ooeoiied after , 

eai^ of youths from tire snaoii^Tutapeople ovectuoiedbam ontade* 
Bie capital Bqumbura. Vkfle^ erept^ aner Trias inam; 

noadsreadmg into tire dfyin a criris dm the eda suceessar to! 
Pieadent Mwiior-Ndai&^ a Hum irito was ririn m Oriidbri. Thou- ^ 
sands of Bunmdiaos have bea killed anre tire asrisrinalim' \ 

Floods and Mud ; 

FLORIDA, CrimnUa .Okeqtrn) — Flbbdwatas ^ a sea of up 


leart 16 pec^leavmg donms mssmg and tfaoDSinds homriess, local 
officuksaidlheadiw. - ' . l - 

. Two rivers burst mar banks m the r^jmrlaite'Mondqr, burying vast 
traicri cd land nndrinmd and xockn 'The woreraffectedniea was aibiBid 
Fkiiiida, a town of .80JX)0 pea^ about 400 Itibraeim' (240 mles) 
southw^oTBogofirittiKiiootiimof ^'Airimrnoimmms. 

“Foordianqrt owus w ere wi p ed off thpmap.*'aaid the Fkirida govern^ 
meat secretaiy, Ndsoa£drevun5aFdDla.-T««rirepeo^wm 
dead and many rooreooiiM be bmiediiii3ri'tbemnil,ireireid:'~ ~ 


CAN^KRA (Realm) The %mush pgi^ ancst^ the buidcnpt 
Australian aifr^reaear Chrirtcfdker Slose udaiid of M^orca, • 
uhTOhehaslivodsniDehaiiiedMCT^pgeTVM-dodi ^jMgt^^ m ; 

Australia for Mr-SkksrfspnnisiDari sa^ito&:tireeri^^ , 


lian Seenrities Ckaroaisston rdatigg to his maria 
groim. Heis scherided to go cm twrmJMairii^^ 


sri m reecEviscdmi m .' 
^driliDs'(ILI^im).; 


November 1989 with debts of i (f V T ' 

afleran abottirebriforMCBtf^Tl!ri(Bd Acl^^<':v- .^v■ 

■Gnrrecticm 

Esthoates of 1993 eanbtg^ for Lar g i Mtifi 6' *&oqit‘ anil bx‘hi6pa \ 
Hadrette SA sidwidiaiy were iniconec ^ , d i a i ,au!tai i t ed m* an artide 
'Riesdsy. Tto earnin gs fdi Vfaira Hachrile are eqrectedtorise to'moce 
than 6db mSIioD frairesCSlOM tmllim) fFm’354 nnlSoofianri in 1992, 
iriifoLeggtifrrisaetean6gsaieearpeGtedt6,sa^assj50'milBonfranra, 
ito from K million francs in 1992. ! 


Chinese Travel Abroad BSts Record 


Supply 
’ OfBlood 

Dwindles 


liarii-" 
biBfliL-'i ■ 
gt to * ■ 
Esasia 
Titsr-v:-'- 

fadaTA'S,',-!- 

Jneeps-^' ■'p '' 
ilastjTt ."r; 

loitoi'E’Su*' 

ttaiiuz 

Aiifcii:.-?. 

.ffreiiib:-*-:-'' 

• ekss*<l=: 

Kfcstew 

■■ • 

arm I'cr. ' 
iepLEiiw;*. 

sriMstsbi : ■' 
wmiB Iff 

anaciiEi \ii:, 
rrerais srrr- i 

Jwoiii lbs *,..1. 
W34rti,:c: 

Mioi Kljf'. -v" ‘,r 
eitaiara f;* 

Vi.-’ 

■resn:i ’'.*!*■ 
h lielai; 

reairi '*-7- J ' 


BBJING (Raiten).— A neoed number of-Cfainese ttuvried rixioud 
lastyearafierBepDgiooaetiederiliestrirtiaBS,wfafofoidgaaBivritXDse 
shandy because tf to Chma’seconontic boom. V 

Neuly 700»0(X)'C3miese]efr tire connhQr ra personal trqM^ -and oitiy 4 

pena^ &rt-tii|K ™^T ***^'^* 

Fritiga anivris in Quire jumped by 16Ajpereesu to Utvi ndBoii, 
with Jambm vaton acoounting for about 9(jQ^{XX) and RrrerianvisiiGBS. 


Fritiga anivab in Qinre jumped by 16.6^pereesii to Utvi ndBoii, 


Mahyaia AhtiMS one indre fire for portraying fiara^ state on 
Bcaaiep islabd as aland-of headhnatetsmirelfrfiiriit -riragrira^^tlA 
goldea lairi of hea&imtezs, Inib and hmnbOl^ u howit^ descahed B ' 

a nregazizK^s feature *Ttmders of Hiddea Woddi" The BabadSaa» 
aaeiicy pooled tire Ftite ri i ra of MslayMan CotMBiMiii fK AMMn rfa t i fMiM i Mfa fc ' 
caOed it a smeur and an advertuiag gtnwnMr since Jq' . 

Sarawak bad already £sappeated in thelart eeritniy.” T > 

Sngppcn liimii ed a new shvtwave' rnfln scnlee bsoidikisriri^iti' 


mmen- ransyore imcnwimwBti st.ggagg**; I 

fidiing MahqfanandBrmreiwt*** 

after the l aimchiny at 

. drennritori^^AsreforaiKhorieach-d^.; 

aid Is mri otter oMe transpert 

assured under measures pryosed by tire Entepcaa Q pn«n^:.^ j 
ons hi . * h h ren s in Ihreee rikould gpt thefr'passpocts'renewiiPSoff 


to ^000 yiritafs finmi the UmtedStates me 
b yem to tire SOA anrivrisaty of D-Di^. . 





To reach a>ouno 


the world, use your MQ Card or call crilea^ Just select the number next to the country ymfre^kre trom Anfri^istKspeakirtg 
>r Mil pui yoir call through to anyvmere m ure SO Sraesasweii as a growing list of paruopating wm) Reatii ccuntnesf 


■v.stTia 

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170 


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000-8013 

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00-800-I3II 

Netherlar 

Z-VUi 

080-90000 

Hur^ary 

00*800 -0)411 

rwtmf 

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00-62 Q 00 n 2 

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t>?T.tnM-.3n Reo'jbiic 

l-a00-7Si 663^ 

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EUTEKNATIONAL heraU) tribune, vednesi^ 


FEBRUARY 2, 1994 


L^*ViS4> 


Page 3 


i .». — 

Clinton Talks Up His Health Plan, Dole Talks It Down 



. T^.jUtodaud Pros ,' . . 

WASHINGTON Fxeadnt CIbtOD cau- 
'^6ooC& ^ainfl loei^y tinltmg mth America*! bealtb- 
car& system Tuesday. aja 3 insi^ ihst he wooM settle 
fpr tirt ihingi tesR than ggarante^ insmance for aBI His 
bhief Republicm critic hdd out' new hope for 
compronuse. : j,. 

After s ftffl rate aspRirances by Mr. Gmtoa and the 
] paX^r of the mmoi^ Republican in the S e n ate , Bob 
Dole, b^me the mlioh*s gisvemois ^ the Ameri^ 
Hosoital Assodaitioit. tbenrerident said he cainie amy 


nospuai/v^juwiauuu, mciw&amm* j 

fiDCOuraged about-prospects. - . - ' 

“It’s iMter far ^ Ainai<^ pepph; if 
togcriter'aod riietdric dowa,” Mr. Canton 

said aftovaitL 

. Mr. Dole, ffledung to the National Governors Asr 
wtaHnn jiL^ nrfnre Mr. did,-t 6 ld the gOVCT- 

QMS they “may have laid out a fcamewodr f<v w rest 

of us to rally around and talk abooL* 


He was refenii^ to *e 

■“CaD to Action” on heal± care. It Stops *ort of sopte 

'Oinion goals, but indudes a Republican 
that Hi^ify ers be reqi^ to make covoage avauablc 

to wtweis. 

Mr. Dole seemed intent on 

involved in the dd»te, idling his party, ^creg^^ 

to be in tbe bleadjm v*ea the parade goes by 
CKhton’spfoposal thaiet^rah^oirM 

at least 80 percent of then- wmOT h^^ 
itrwc Mr. Clinton counted: I stiD.beheve m tw 
- • tn muM- tbar emnlovees. 


teomrement for empk^eis to cover, law 
■nks preadent, in two speet^ that n»ly ojgfj; 

ed his vdee, dfirnied Ms State of the Umon dedafr 

non univasal coverage must be a pact of any 
do it ikw," be told the ho^tal 


fottutives. “And what we have to do includes piwd- 
private insurance to every smgle 

^^^"specches. he cautioned 
irfonn. Casing the debate m fuiMCia! JJ* 
added- “Without full coverage, 1 dooi see any ^ to 
avS^the coodusion that states wffl conunw ^ a 
S^S^^Tburden of skyrocketing healil«are 

At both appearances, he criticized eomp^g 

that would make workers’ health-care benefits subj^ 
to in< v>r r<e taxes, saying it makes mMC sense to tackle 
^vaste and inefficiency in the airreni sys*^ 

“Before you tax the benefits of wwking 
whose wa^ have been stagiMt for jlO 
don’t you ask how we can justify spading a 
the ddlar more on paperwork, r^ilatioo ^ 

Ihan^bodv clsCT he asked hospital 


ftffirialR 


In recent days, Mr. Dole has tried to back awav 
from the dispute, dismissing it Tuesday as “ri|eain«. 
But the Clinton administration, sensins that the puouc 
was on its side — keeps hitting on the issue. 

AlihouBh Mr. Chnton at onepoim derided the issw 
as “a biglinguisiic battle.” he r^>eatedly referred to 
the health-care system as in crisis. 

“Anybodv who thinks there are no serious 

lems, no cr&s in the bedih-care sv'St^ 1 wijd 

go \isii your local hospital he told the hospiul 
officials to broad applause. 

Cp> 5 .wit< g a dav after the presideut signaled nen' 
flenbttity on some elements of to 
Mr. Dole later told reporters, “I think the ptesidfflts 
done a realitv check." He added. 
dent's trying to make it easier for us 
some of the worst features," including spmdmg hauls 
and mandatorv insurance-purchasing alliances. 


Clinton names 

j“s=»HSSSSs 

iiS'Sili'S” ni'Sne. «."*™u«s ailed Mr. Patrick “a 

’“Sli'‘Sfl«a.aa, saggaated that Mr. Pauidts con«rvad« 
critics “don’t give a np Mr Patrick “undeistands 

a native of Oucagp, saii I “ bi^^led. ^ 


Of C olon Cancer 


lUAStarbEmfy, Sever En^ 


Supply 
Of Blood 
Dwindles 

Net* York Tuna Ser^ 

. NEW YORK. — Once 
' a g^, the blood suppbf in rite 
“ iToit^ Stales Is peiilouriy 
' low. But this wintCT the short- 
age has been the worst and 
trtn p^t snee World War IL 
-file atoation was so bad, 
blt^ bank offirials said, 
if more pe<^ bad been in- 
' jilted in me Jan. 17 eartiujuAe 
in Lbs An^es, there might 

not have been enen^ blood to 

treat them. 

At that time, the soppv 
around the coontiy was dt^ 

. to less than a d«y from me 

preferred five to seven days. 

"Tbe blood supply m Los 
Angeles and nmoondnig ar- 
eas was in incredibly tod 

shape, and there was im Mood 

to send in from , anywdii^’^ 
said Marcia Lane, a spdk^ 

- woman for, the Americai A 8 ^ . 

sototioo.of WoodBa^-THW 

assodaiion igprownfr 
Woo<l_ ^Vr?d ^;fe,- 

.in^ Atnarto^Iw 9 f% . 

that cbDect pitioess *W 
Pcn*M (rf the- Wood ttaos- : J 
reised in the Unitod States. 

oegdals oEfoc a nmnte a 
otplanatkao for tbs yearns 

dionwte, ranging fro ” 

weather and the flu outtjreajc 
. to poteniiat donors i nwon ai 
fear erf contiactii® ^ 

theiseverity of 
shortage comtoted to toe 
predictability -of seasOTal 

the blood'colleo- 

*tion system. „ . 

In the last .moofli. btood 
supplies reached dangertw 
levto in more than 40 

and resalted in poflpooeiPtait 

of elective smgeiy m seveim 
■areas. 


' The AaddaedPrea, 

WASHINGTON — Id lb® 
Strongest cvideoceyet, twoSndies 
involving men thaa ISOJWO peo- 

shtm that ogarette smok^ can 

iUa to oolon canca in both men 
attd.women. 

The paralld studies, to to pu^ 
lisbed Wednesday inthe Jontnal of 
the Natick Gaucer lnstitute,.also 

found that early snwkmgappaiOT 

ly fixes for life the risk of coton- 
rectal .cancer, even if the smokin g 
habit is dropped. 

“With" coloin cancer; if ybn 
cmnlre in youT 20s, that liskstipfs 
with you.’' srid Dr. HdTO G»- 
vannued of Brigham and Womm s 
Hospital in Boston, the Oarim i^ 
Lavatory and t^® 

Stool of toKc Hcdth. 

you stop at age 4^-youTI still be at 

greater risk.” 

The risk is al» “tte^related” 
Tie said "The more yon smoke, the 
■t poir e.tee.risk." - . - , . 

OttotSW^ sh^ 

• <iaiette snmlong ai any ag^ ^ 
lower the nrit rf b^ 
disease, hmg cancer and otiw ms- 
oedert, Dr. Okwaamacci said. 

■ intecctoncancercondiiffl 
tasedtm aHarvard <rf 

Ik He^ stu^ of 47,935 men and 
a Bridiam and Women’s stwty ot 





■ -;X 


Kjiby H 9 a»> Thr AaMoUed Pm 

ftmid agia that 

innal S 2 biBioD M Bid. 


tas3sassi.«s 


H 8 ,Wwomen. ^ 1 

Es:, Gtovanniicei said tee { 

.ajeasprodm-packyeaa^ai^^ « 

dCTtdopOMOttff < 

p^ywiseqpKwdenttesmoki^ i 
Wide of cigaicues a day for ^ 
yearvSos^ a person v*o 

- m packs ad^ can accumulate 20 
peck years in just a decade. ^ 

. In -teb men’s study, - 35 -tb- 39 - 
, «erfr. Wsm<Aera were almost CTte 
Sda naif times as to develop 

cgusa rf the cotoii; <» “ 

were teore vd» nevtt TOi^ 

otmUr waulte were found in tue 
wDoun’s study, with tee ridt do«- 
Uine for women with a sameug 

histay of 45 pack yTO W 
■ Some taf&x siadies failed to 

find a rdationship between cdon- 
TBctalcancerand-csgarettemiw- 

ing. and Dr. Giovanmica said tto 
have been because it can t^e 

I 35 years for tee effects of-, smoking 
J toiesoliinteistype.of.^cer. 


Away FroiH Politics 

• Tto cable television hidwliy uoveM 

reaching plan -Diesday for curbing violmw ^ 

tdSS, endorring a tatmgs systtm^^ 

Tinlnpv flat would allow parents to <» 

SSoff pending congrcsaonal legislation to 

Bpmiwdencc on tdevision. 


among 194 believed to be ^ S. um^ 
over by Norte Korea since 1990 . 
idmtiSd by a U 5 . mihtary laboratoiy m Ha- 
wm 

• Young mai who siiowed fitfle eff^ 
eqite^i of rapidly di^g 
Saswere mneh more likely to become 
ics than men who fdt very 

a study in tee February issue of the American 

Journal of Psychiatry. 

m A San Frandsoo taw fiim «aid it filed a lawsinl 

on behalf of more than m ^ 

eamosed 10 radioactive non at a Tennessre 
h^S iaihe 1940 s while they were pregn^ 

• Rdatives of teree Pan Am FBght 1 W vtet^ 
had their jury awards tqihdd m a federal ap- 


peabcouru Tto rutog could | 

hSSreds of miffions of do^. A total of S 19 
minion was awarded in this when a jt^ 
found that Pan Am had failed to ® 

lenorist bomb from being pl^ 

103 before it exploded m 1988 over LockcAie. 
Scotland, IdUing 270 people. 

• A tendetu' beaten in the Los Ai^des riots in 

199 Z. Reginald Denny, will be 

tee dty fcTfafling to protect him. a federal 

juc^e has ruled. 

■ An earflumato rattled HawaU Istani It mM- 

Sre^nds. and was centered under tee Kilau- 
ea volcano crater. ^p,nmert.AFP 


‘stealth Gunuer, saia Lum do^ « Bro-ouota chorus teal 

^ “,!d hff-cLlon-s q uo.kqu«a- (AP, 

View of Press; Conto mptuoiis_ 

of the journalists who nnssidenev as one adviser 

■nci flunk tclerinon ouwf- 

put iL IS something of a Toto M« P ^ 

Town papers 10 tee press seems 

Washmgtoo Post And ihan provide objecuve 

eager to dwiroy P«^!® Smiained in an in-house surw of 

covmge ofateer.Tfie ww advisers" conducted by 

“a sizable poniOT of ’J^P^„^-:-gSj«Q,eLos/^ 

S'?^S---SS?SS5?3..'* 

- 

adrisSTooipt roal" 

i teemeteaweredesenbedas apohn^ 

YeL at least one senior official said mat sikd a 
road or apoliticaL 

Peb ate Quickens on Death of Clinton AMe^ 

WASHINGTON S^aSd 

rftort w^^^^^atiOT ne^pCT story last week teat foul 

iat Tobacco and and ^ flie official said, 

lid. consistenr TO iKi'w^ teat paramedics who 

Ight uig tee ®ii®p<^rSS!ffin^(^i)rialsaid,^^ they 

has not been released to still _ j ,wa Park Service 

s in “U they we right. suggests tern 

sue Pohee have tod a great deal W 

leral flic report should be released fonhwnh 

nca- Quote/ Unquote 


fl 

*• 
i 


Fewer 

Bmg Vie, PoU Shows 



ULSTER! CBnW" Took a OJcvkled BUk on tv 

0.—.W1 SK?™iSiSSS 

SSSe cooperation TO ^ tivSv se^^ , 

British any on a range of global ^ ronfereoce here on tee c!^^ uwly sreiang w 

issues on which our common values „«ar» in Northern Ireland, Mr. logue and agreemen | 

and interests unite usf . 


ches to dose cooperation win ^ In a speech prepared fw owvery l^ragc dia- 

British any on a range of global a coSoeoce here on tee c!^^ f ®L^S«LSenL" ^ 

Sies on TOb our common values peace in Norteem Ireland, Mr. logue and agrecn^ 

and interests unite us.” . AdS accused tee British govm- Mr. Ad^ said, 

Mr. Major and Prime Mim^ meniofstaningbyrefasuig ioclan- the Bnute govenimmi haw TO 

ARierl Reynolds of Ireland issued a qq Aie future of Norte- aU their mflucnce. as m tee pa^ to 

^i deSraiion Dec. 15 desi^ 2 pu Ireland as expres^ m tto jjnpede any 

to provide a framework for eo^ December declaration by Ireland anyoteerimtier'a^roted^ 

ihe sectarian strife in Norther^ and Britain. ence or infera 

land. Snn Fean was guaranteed a -TBere is an urgent need to flic current situaooo m IreTO*^ 
lenU. , 1 .a* «r# in .... J_. 11 n.'lr anH tn . 1 ... BaStjeh anu^mmml S reSDOOSl- 




tne sectarian suusiu 7 

land. Sinn Fdn was guaranteed a 
pan in the negotiations that are w 
fSl(W. but only jf it 
use of violcDce m which the ika 
and Protestant mfliuas have en- 


By Kerr® 

•. WASHINGTON 
students dtaappEOve of*ty « 
and fewer see it as P «®8 ® 

poned that aha* dt^wa^^ 

5 SScaa teeoagffs had increas^ 
in tee tel two years. . 

TTib reverse* a of 

vta^trenagers are usu« ii^ 
*®otc t£°"^r Knd stiina- 


T CD fitolanis ano snBBr 
CtSveyoESl^^®^ 

!S-N*tkaial Institute on 

Abuse, also cocaine 

jeue use, Ite 


naive about drugs and hM to Icam 

the same bard JessoDS.” 

•nm report kxAed al ladal pat- 
terns of ^ ore ai^ fTO, con- 
tiaiy 10 conventibnal. wisdom, 
kim 4 atiidffwi* report tee lowest 
^rfS^v^alldnig^ 
Kdi and illicit; and.teis is tnie at^ 
three grade levels .mdoded m .tee 

survey." hatsmvcvff 


py petL 

■ An Appeal for a U.S. Role 

Mr. Adams called Ttosday to 
■ . the r^witrtn adminisnatioD to be 

GaiyAdmspaJagtDtepoctewltodqmNewYoA 


"lucre » an “ — . ” 

break the current deadlock and to 
move the rituation on toward a 
neaotiaied settlement and a lasnng 
pel^” he said. *Tto U.S. govern- 
kent can pUy a significMi and 
positive role m enrouraging me 
peace process by helping to create a 
efimate which moves tee situation 
on." 


jjnpede any progress ou uufl « r\ '== 5 =' , 

Grand Hotel hRK : 

ibc current situaooo in Ireland and .1 GSTAAD ! 

tee British govemmeni s ren> 0 “ 5 - ; I ^ ^ ^ ^ 

• •••... g sUa mtnl^rdblC * i ^ m m ^ ^ 

SWITZERLAND 


Einily Douglas D 


More tecni^a about 


among , 

^nt tee Kfidri^ study is seen as 

teeaK 5 rtnIiaMe<rf iteloDd b 

^ iro nmdsteoev and tougovity. 


<d itsoonautewy 

The MV’bigan leseansiK 

MB BBWtfVnd f 4 ^n 


imp*®'*®®*® B * ^ .inh^d- Etfte 
geoeraticm of Abwp®®° _ 


hcenpolKiigsenioreaooniariitsu* , 

for 19 years. - : : ' 

Althtogfi tee nombcrs are ^ . 

chanees would worry him jp® tf te. 

tte dfrection of being favoral* to 

'drug use. ■' '.. ' 


ByWolfgang^on 

tis. representative from Bh nte to f® n 970 I 

<fied ™ay in White Hams, New jq„esentarive-ai-large. She f^ti gaittSang^C te- 

S3SI*S 

?®*“®£^'^BtensB&Sl 945 an advocate of “vil riAtS Md Hev York Tima Serriee 

S?lS 7 ^wasteeS American marched with MamX™^^^ SirNevnieSiack. 74 ,whocom- 

^Sii^’ioi^ahiisbandto 

CMgre» Bote were Demooatfc ^«?^tural Organte- troops to Jordan m 1958 to sijp^ 


me Dnuui guvciuu'*.***- * 

bility for tee present mtolerabie 

siandirff." 

He was addresang ihe confer- 
ence on Northern Ireland spon- 
sored by tec National Committee 
on American Foreign Foucy. 

The United Slates, mcanwtoe. 
caned for aU parties 10 tee coafhci 1 
in Northern Ireland to embrace a 
loini Irite-Briiisb declaration on 
saying it was a “Wstonc op- 
portunity" to end the violeuce. 

The White House siaiemcni ^d 
Mr Gore, in his meeting wite Mi. 
Hurd, “underscored our admira- 
lioo for tee courage and of 
Prime Ministers Major and Reyn- 

.j- fnnvara R DCW 


come am Chief mar^ died Of can- admira- 

cer Jan. 26 m London. lion for tee courage and visiot of 

Sir Neville was knighted m 197 - prime Mmisiers Major and Reyn- 

and retired from tto “ olds in putting 

1978 . Tto 1958 airlift tamed 2.000 for peace m Northern 

parauoopeisfromaBntishbaseOT irdand." 

'\orus to Jordan m a smgle toy, 

July 17 . after King Hussein asked — 

for h^. 

The paratroopers’ spe^yar^ J 

is Jordan has TO said to have ^ 

forestaUed any sizeable pmsito in- 

lerference in Jordan, and the king s 

governmeni survived and consOti- I amsibipam 

Stediispower^ I gj^^jg^joEgooBEiHEUW 


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P^ige 4 


INTERT^ATIOINAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1994 


Israel Tries to Cool 
Hope for PLO Pact 

But Rabin Cites Progress 


Japan MoJtes It Sharp and Clear: Nuc 



By David E. Sanger 

Se— York Tunes Serhet 


By David Hoffman 

}Vasiiu^ioa hat Serna 

JERUSALEM — Israeli leaders 
sought Tuesday to dampen expec- 
tadoDS that an accord would be 
reached wMke^ with the Pal* 
esdne Liberedoo Oigangatiwi ibai 
would prompt the start of lsrad*s 
militaiy withdrawal from the Gaza 
Strip and Jeridio in the West Bank. 

“This isn't something that in one 
week, eveiything will be worked 
out," Prime Minister Yitzhak Ra- 
bin sail! 

“I hope it will, but it if takes 
another three to four weeks, 1 sii^ 
gest not getting excited.” 

His comments followed a wedc- 
end meetin g in Davos, Switzerland, 
between the PLO chairman. Yasser 
Ax^au and Foimgn Minister Shi- 
mon Peres orisraeTiD which several 
major disagreements were nar- 
rowed. 

The Isradi pullout was supposed 
to b^in Dec. 13 but has bm de- 
layed by arguments over border 
emsan g s , the size of the Jericho 
district and security arrangeiments 
for Israeli settlers. 

Senior Israelis said that although 
the agreement may not be signra 
this weekend it appeared to be on 
the way tow^ ro^tioa. “B<Hh 
'Rabin and Arafat know the mo- 


ment of truth is I 
will have to pay the price,” an off 
dal said 

Mr. Arafat, spraking in Geneva 
ai the United Nations, said be was 
prq>ared to sign an agreement in 
Davos, bat that Isiao asked for 
seven ^ys to review the situatioD. 

Mr. Arafat cautkmed a human 
rights conference (hat **it is the 
peace process itself which is threat- 
ened if (his is dragged oat for too 
long.” 

*^ere was progt^ 'm the talks 
in Davos." Mr. RtUMfl said but be 
added: **We did not reach an agree- 
ment in many very uaportant ar- 
eas.” 

**Wheo there is a conclusion," he 
said "it will have to be extremely 
detailed” 

Mr. Peres, rriio is in Washington, 
said in an interview broadcast on 
Israel televisioD that he and Mr. 
Arafat bad reach agreements on 
broad issues but sSl needed to 


TOKYO — Japan, in an unusu- 
ally sharp response to st^gestkms 
from abroad that Tdtyo could be 
reconadering its longstanding ban 
on nudear weaixms devdopment, 
said Tlieday tiut even if Nmth 
Korea developed a nudear bomb 
“there is no nuclear opttoo for Ja- 
pan," 

The dedaradon Fdlowed repxwts 
in LondcKi that Britain's Daense 
Ministry warned the cabinet thm 


J^mn now bad the elements neees- 
sanfora b^b. But tbe statements 
inT( . ... 

Ja- 


coacerns in Washington 
pan’s poadon may shift as nation- 
alists re^xmd to growing Nmlh 
Korean threaL Senator Sam Nunn, 
the <*giiT niiti of the Senate Aimed 
Services Committee, Su^y 
that be considered Japan's and-nu- 
clear cosuniuoeai "an intoim, 
temporary position." 

In statenwDis \n die Foreign 
NQnistry and by M^yoshi Tal^ 
mora. the cabinet secretary for 


Prime Minister Morihiro Ho- 
sekttwe, the governinmt said- that 
“it is out of the qaesdon” tbait Ja- 
pan would lift resttiedons on nu- 
clear weapons. 

“Tbe nuclear aims t^don would 
(xily Japan’s intenut- 

donal environment,'* Mr. 
mura said, “and woizld not aid our 
goal of winiwtaining peace and 
prosperi^.** 

But the statements stepped 
aroond the coneon in Asia that 
Japan has become something of a 
“vmuaT nudear power, possessing 


a detenent without .a we^^ 
Snee last year it has b<sua to 
stod^Oe tons of pbtemium— fora 
dvitian breeder rracto- jnogram 
that incieaab^ kwks lake mem 

a beyimd the eapexiinttiial 
t has (he tocbflfrit^toinaiu 
a Sofflb and by some Amokan 
estimates h would tdte aaly a £bw 
wedcs. 


AsaiesoUrtomairemAsaJa- 
iobuudaboinb.h 


pan never needs to] 

IS close enough to that'pmnt While 
die British lOGrt appeued to leaiA 
Mirrilar ccmcfnaons, su(^ posdbiH- 


shape language in the ^reemeat. 

Mr. Pro also was quoted as 
saying that Mr. Arafat uAd ham he 


Israel Orders 
Singers to Use 
Proper Hebrew 


TheAssoaatedPras 

JERUSALEM Anyone 
who wants to be star on Isra- 
d's airwaves will have to start 
minWing his alephs and beefas. 

The Israd Broadcasdng Au- 
thority has ordered angers on 
state raiBo and tdevision to 
nse “proper" Hebrew if they 
want to be beard. Not only 
win a song have to use thie 
words comctly, but also the 
singer will have to pronounce 
them correctly. 

The anthority has set up a 
p^l of scbolairs to help lyri- 
cists in writing their songs 
vdthout man^ng the lan- 
guage. 

A rock stager, Arieb Zilber, 
protested, saying on state tele- 
virion: “I otgect to any at- 
tempt to impose academic 
rules on a creator, and a lyri- 
cist is a creator." 


did not want a Palestiniaa state, 
but rather a ooofederation with 
Jordan. 

Talks be twee n Israel and the 
PLO resumed in Caira The chidf 
Palestinian negotiator, Nabil 
Shaath, expressed hope that the de- 
taib could be ironed out in time for 
Mr. Feres and Mr. Arafat to meet 
a g-wn jn CaiTO OQ Sufldl^. 

But in Isra^ oCTicials were play- 
ing down the proq>ect of a signing 
ceremony. 

“I don't want to raise a levd of 
expectatjans wfiicb can't be ful- 
filled," said Environment h^nister 
Yossi Sarid, who accompanied Mr. 
Peres to Davos. “1 hope that next 
week in Cairo there whl be a sign- 
ing, but I am not very sure about it 
We stOl have many prd>lems to 
solve, and many gaps to be 
brid^” 

The long ddays in starling the 
pullout have cast doubts on wheth- 
er Israel can meet the April 13 
d earfKn e for leavim most of the 
Gaza Strip and Jerirao. 

Mr. Rabin has inasied that get- 
ting an agreCTent siti^actory to 
Israd is more important than meet- 
ing deadlines. 

“I am sorry to say that for Rabin, 
dates are not aacnd,'* Mr. Arafat 
said. 

Israelis said Mr. Peres would re- 
turn and consult with Mr. Ralnn 
before the plaimed meeting with 
Mr. Arafat in Cairo. 

Mr. Sarid and Mr. Rabin both 
denied news repons here suggest- 
ing that Mr. Peres had acted with- 
out Mr. Raimi's consenL 




























DOWN AND OUT IN TOKYO — Boxes and ombrellas are hoott M Tokyo*^ SUiyiilat coomieardal district i 


ties are never, diaen&ed in Japan, 
.TriMRanysiugestioo of achangein 
pdiqi wouldpibb^ brii^ 
ti» gouenuiieat. ■ 

L^ yw, however, a group w 
coosoryative politicians opposed 
Jj^iaa^ plans m QKhxR an 
mte exteasionof the Nudear Non- 
p ro l ife a tioa TreaQr, saying 
the cqimtcy rinnild preserve the o{^ 
tion^ mabog weapon: ' 

“As knm as we are confident that 

(heUmtea Stairewould dddid us 
agauut an threats, :eve& leghxul 
powers nke the No^ ECmns, 1. 
there is- nbdioig' fo wdny 

about,’' tin (^Bcial smd reoeoti^.^ 

that it wDtild.be a vay 

di&ereDi SHuatiatL” 

In :ieoent weds Japanese 
dais have been {^calaztf 

that thdr rnmi w ftniwt fn Tgjwaih- 
iag nomadv. '.has been ^aea: 
tiom by former Biidt adimimti^ 
lira offiekb. Iri "testimony . in 
Cocgrem . m Novemb«, Pam D. 
Wwowit^ a fomer Defense De- 
partment offisied riod .ambassador 
to TwhmiBag, expiessed fear that 
North Korea wc^ “push Sapid. 


has so far strong _• 

now Kanwr, alw 

Korean issues m the State D^ait- 

^S^have made siiiiflar sl^ 

UA offiMls ^ 

they fear the oonftontetiWL. TO . 

Noth Korea could tcmdi off a^t 
in Japanese altitudes, one lhcv0tt 

couff«ptoiK“l tl^ 

quite ^icere m ssyrnfijiy, ^ 
not* go nnclear, a 

: ia X&jogtOD. “I sistr^ 

red^s intentions caa aA - 
Japanese officials^ rge ct tha t 

wew, saymg that even if the gov»- 

mait wanted to dmnge^ p6B». 
.men is no w^ tbff P***<c woqW 

stand for iL “I think we cat tot^ 
lananbe- 


.. I 



1® 




coating a nudear pow, nqtoniy 
ill flmnea future, but in tite d istan t 
fatuce,” RuniWfco Saito, tite d^ 
•ly minister of forasa • 

recently. “Tt woiiM be pMtica^s^ 
dde for aiiy party m Jama, he 
said.- 


Ukraine ParlJ^^ Chief 





Rautm 

Kl^— The Ukrainiin-pailiiunent win tt 
meat pact dgned last moBtit m hloaeow by th 
States, Russia and Ukxaine, the chabi^ 
Nyushdi, said Tuesday. 


a «»t»***f disaniiw- 
Qts of tbe United 
the pmfiament. Ivan 


“The migim^ of dirties agire flat the ttilm ^ agr eecaeiU^ b^ 


(0 a pact flftmmitffwg Ukiame to ghe iq> midMF weqxAS in 
exdange for secuc^ guarantees and CQugimisalioa. 

But Ml F^vtiheh said flie cucreot patfiament waaiiDlifcefy to tatify flie 
1968 Nudear bkunntdiferatiaa Tt^, saying it ^ a job for a new 

padiaaienL wfaidi tt to be dected.Mafieh 27. 

Pierident LeonW hi Kxaiduik urged dmulies last wedt to 
aoooid He had returned fiom si^u% flm Moscr^ ast’^'^* ^ ^^loan-! 

(ling the \16 strategic ™ f«l« on Ukrainian tenhocy. 

Accottfiog to flie u g fgeiaen^ Uktesoe is due to xeedve 

cm fpenMrinn and guarantees in eachange for traiffeiiiiig nudear war- 
heads to Ri^a. for thsarmameat. - 



|£>TtU> 

^ ."'o 


North Korea Goes to 





Reaen 

TOKYO — North Korea, at- 
tack^ what it caDed U.S. perfidy, 
says it is ready to tear up all its 
“goodwill commitazents" over nu- 


doLT iospections and fmally re- 
ce (he f 


nounce (he Nuclear Noiquttiifera- 
tkm Treaty. 

But South Ki^rean oiTicials said 
Beijing, Washington and Seoul 
were stq^ing up ^lomatic efforts 
to aven a sb^down. 

In a terse statement issued over- 
night Tuesday by the ctffidal Kore- 


an Central News ^en^. North 
Korea’s Fmeign Mimstry accused 
the Americans of renogmg on an 
end-of-year pledge to wort for a 
peaceful end to the crisis, set off by 
widesmead feani that North Ko- 
rea's hard-line Communist leader- 
riiip was secretly bulding nudear 
w^pens. 

If Wasfaiiigtoa broke hs prom- 
ises. the staiemem said. Norm 
rea would no longer be bound hfj 
its promises. 

These includesd “all the goodwill 


measures and oommitmaits it has 
laVm so far DnOataally” indiidhig 
“tbe suqienritm irf the effectoaiioa 
of its annotmeed withdrawal from 
the treaty on tbe DOflpTx^eaatioD 
of niKtiear wmqpto^'’ and its freeze 
on an nudear activities. 


eqiols to detennme vriiether or 
not a secret program exists. 

In three weeks, these eiqpe^ 
must tqKirt to the a^soej gover- 
nors <XL tiMsir mtssioii to out tf 
nudear material has been Averted 
hnoQ} drilian use to buSd anni 


Accusing flie Americans ti “de- 
{^cable and dangerous actions of 
perfidy,*' it stud: tbe U.S. has no 

mteotioo to hold any furtherroand 
erf' talks, thr D.FJLK., too, will 
have no intention to do so.” 


U tbe ^{ency rnorts faahue, 
North Korea co^ nnd ii 


itsdf fac- 
ing UN sanctions, a s(q> it siys 
w^d be an act of war. 


One Source Has It All 


A comprehensive 
English-language 
guide to German 
companies 


16 




Germany’s Top 300 
gives you access to 
detail^ and accurate 
information on Ger- 
many’s leading com- 
panies, insurers and 
banks. The com- 
panies proBled in 
this easy-to-use 
guide include not j 
only the well-known ; 
blue chips, but also | 

many lesser-known | 

comj»nies that are ; 

major players in in- | 

dustr>' and finance. j 

The key information i 

on each company is ' 

g^'en in a concise, one-page 
entry, so that companies can 
be compared at a glance. 
Germany's Top 300 is an essen- 
tial resource for doing business 
in Germany and throughout 
Eurc^re. 


GERMANY'S 

TOP 300 




1993/94 Edition 



amosm 


fSBMCES 


Wnat’s more, the 
book now provides 
even more financial 
information, includ- 
ing sales and profic 
figures, assets, 
reserves and invest- 
ment. AU tinandal 
information is now 
given for three con- 
secuthe years. 

Each profile also 
gives the names of 
the senior execu- 
ci^'es. business 
aoi%ities, subsi- 
diaries. number of 
employees and pro- 
duction locations. 


The UN agency says Pyongyang, 
Much riiwlarms miclear we^xms 
amiridons, stiO refuses to allow io- 
q>ecocni procedures vital to allow 


But the South Korean ambassa- 
dor to Oiina, Hwaog Byong Tae. 
saW Oiina was presaiig Ncnth Ko- 
rea to end the nudear diqnite 
throi^ Vienna talks with the 
agency. 


■ Pressure for Patriots 

Rqntitiican seoatora hare at 
creasM pressure on die White 
Hmise to send anti-ntissfle 
httteries Co Sootii Ktnea, news 
agencies iqpoi^ from Waslniigr 
ton. 

“A dday in seofine Patriot mts- 
sOe battenes to Soum Korea will 
signal a weakness on oar and 
emboliden North Kore^” stud Sen-' 
ator AlfcHise D’Ainato in a letter to 
(wtgcrfiQ Ddense Secretaiy Les 
Aqiin. 

Mr. D’Amato, Republican of 
New Yoik. serves on the defease 
soboQamiftlee<rf4h&SennteAii^^ 
{njatioQS CcHonuttee. 


AlflitiQ^ ll» Patriot ^rstete is a 
defeom weapon derigtiDd to de- 
ftector destiny enemy indfisttf 
sOes, the United States has been 
carefolbr Gonaderiflg flte 
cause of its pbsszUis iimact.oD ne- 
gotiations Norfli Korea. 

At the same time, lawmakexs, 
particDlaily. Rc^xiblicuis, bare 
warned the admmistratioa of the 
otmseqtxaoes of T^oriog the re^ 

(queri /or foKbes <r. wieap^ 
battlefield o ummau der. The wnn- 
htgs haik ba^ te last ^ when Mk. 
Aqnn refused a reqixA for taitics m 
Somafia shortly before an aborted 
■ raid led. to- the dcadis of.. 18 U£. 


, U hC^' »» 

ss«:;p> 
tier ‘ 

SiwTqei^'' 

5f/n 

B» T,. - 





IPChH'.'? 


saviceanen. 


(AFP.Af)0 \ d 


BANKs Under New Mxru^enten^ Utere^s Mom LekeUng^ L^ 


CoDtiiMiedfraaiPagel 
pean Bank officers could survive 
}ust by being ‘'political animals." 

Both inside tbe bank and out- 
side; Mr. de Larcmkre, the former 
head of the International Monetary 
Fund and die Bank oi France, gets 
mntii of the credit for setting a new 
standard under wfaich no nonsense 
and no <^Ice politics are farotflMd. 

It is the new presidents swe^ 
ing reoigsmizatitm the institu- 
tion, unveiled in November, that 
many see as key to the bankas 
blister pro^tects. The bank since 
its creation had been between 
a devdopment banlong wing de- 
signed to lend to the pralfe sector 
and a nterefaant banking reng oon- 
centrating on tbe private sector. 
That structure has been swept 
away. Instead, Mr. Larosiere creat- 
ed a new country-focused otganiza- 


tion that dirides the 28 natkns in 
adikih the bank cqwraUs into , two 
jrqpoos— North and South — op- 
erations peoplol wifli bofl) mer- 
chant btmkers and devdopment 
bankers. 

“The remganizatioD has gone a 
Img way towards those 

two opecatioos woric in a comple- 
fflen&uy farinon instead of conn- 
ing as two groups that jnst htemen 
to live u&r the same root.*’ a 
member of flie bank’s board said. 

Already that change is evident in 
the fidd. In the past, an East Euro- 
pean banto notedr there woe a lot 
of fiefdooB aod pec^ to one 

department or one individuaL As a 
result dedaons were pamfuUy slow 
in cramg. Now, he said, “the bank 
seemR (o opetuthig ffludi nxiR like 
an effident madime." 

Curiously. ON tti the greatest 


controversies at the suddenly sno- 
oessful EBRD is. ooe that wo^ 
have beta iiqposi^ to contao' 
plate under hs ntiendesriy tag^ 
prdile first piesidenL Attali, 
before his ouster in fotjr. 'Miy is it, 
an infireaamg nnatiier oTpeOftie 
both inside and .outside (he bim 
a^ that the mstitnlkm seems so 
intent in fakfiog its nenfom^ 
underabnsbi^ 

*Tf anyone asks for that infonna- 
tion we w3] tdl them,” a bank 
spok^woman, Ad»cca ffiO, said, 
referrisg to the bullirii 1993 lend- 
ing figm that hare nei^ beeri 
offici^ released. 

Requests for interviews with 
bank officials do not ereo get fliat 
far. Under the instimtioi^ new 


low-proEfe approach, bank stecn- 
tives dedlnea to erwnmenr for thi« 


article, while Mr. fe'Laiodi re has 


atiupiy a u%M 

ACADEMY: a Bad Year Gets Wbrse in Annapolis 


Expaiidod and Updated 
for 1993/94 

The third edition cjf Germany’s 
Top 300 has been fully up- 
dated v^ith all the current infor- 
mation on each company. 


Dirittete Service 

Germany’s Top 300 is also 
a\:ailable in an exclusive com- 
puter diskette senice. The full 
feri retrieiai system allows the 
user to search the entire scope 
of information in Top 300, and 
exp>ort Piles to other data 
banks and word processing 
svstems. 


CaatiniKd Aren Pige i 
ing bqan. A senior atfii«r tf. who 
was not among those accused of 
efareting, critic^ school officials, 
saying their leadership h^ Idt the 
students in a state of Mhie«i “coo- 
Fuacn." 

Admiral Lynch, for his part, 
fended his aetkms. saying that “the 

buck stops with tile indhvhial fflid- 

sfaipman.” 

“He said he fdi we'd let him 
down, betrayed faun," said a meo^ 
ber of this year’s senior eb>« . a- 
ralhng a Lynch briefing on tbe re^ 
pent to the senior dass. “Ii was 


Appalling as it was, tbe lepon 
was smnetbing cd a relief after a 
year cf grnnrftltngmid whi^xiing 
I about a oover-up.l*eriiaps the low- 
' est point came u Apifi. Mwn Ad- 


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lieralh^^^ribtmc’; 


niiral Lyn^ teoed (be entire 4,200- 
member brigade with the results of 
dteimtidinvestlgstioD. Oniysn tf 
the 11 students recommended for 
expulsion by midshipmen-run 
“honor boar^ wotild be eqwlled. 
and aD five footbaD players led 
been cleared by top-terel academy 
offidals. 

Midshipmen began smekering, 
jeering and ghammg the wielrn ain e 
of a stndent bdieved to have re- 
ooved the most blaiaiu 
break — a foofl»U player whose 
father is a dose friend of AdoAti 
Lynch’s. The football player, 
whose cjqxilsion was recommend- 
ed honor boards, was deared by 
Admiral Lyodi's secood-iii-com- 
cnand, Cqttatn John B. Padgett 

Complaints finally reached 
memb«ts of Congress, indudisg 


Sawior Richard C Sidby, Demo- 
crat of Alabama, who sent a letter 
to tbe naty that promtted dm is- 
mector genetaTs utvestmatiasL Mr. 
SieU^, dtainnan of^ Soate 
Armed Services Coomiittee's 
sonnel subcomnuttee,- says ne 
feared diat the investig^tioa was 
bungled mid has sdiadnfarf a hewT- 

iqg on tbe scandal this wedc. - 

.'How to ggplain an incident that 
so uttedy flie in tbe face of. tbe 
sebooPs vaunted tmdhion of hoot- 
<a? 


Admiral Lynch has said he 
thought the sdwQljust needed to 
do a better Job of oomnmnicatiiig 
the. Honor Conoqit to stndoits. 

ftit aspects of the scandal sug- 
gest ffiMC fundamental prtibienis to 
scaoe observes. 


.yettogtreanialerviewsaice.taki^ 

over. 

S^peakzQg sot for attribution, 
mcmbecs « ffie baokfs board say 
dial the doseddoor po^ is con- 
sistent with the new ineri&Ps be^ 
Eef that -orguttizations dxmld be 
pdiged iQrtlieirresidi^ not the pati- 
na they can pnt on their accoror 
pBdmimte in their press reteasest . 

Oflien have. flieh' doubts. “A 1^ 
profile b inqpiffO{«ate for an msti- 
niticai fadng.no. e^ ^.conme^. 
tors," said Paul Reyhdds, 
tor ^ tbe Adam Smtb li^tnte,-a 
free-iriadcet'dmik tankhilinufoo .1 
.. LdioJdsg. forward, mar^expera 
<ym«Aw the IS hodti 
for a dangetoos squeeze: Its man- 
date is to devote peroeat of .its 
resources to flte|«ivate sector. 

. .“To say flnfl;^. .bi^.mustj)te 
mbn^ into die /private secim in 
camtdes wbae there is none is 
amply a n<m seqUitnr“ sdd -3. 
Staniw'Kat^a.fQmiear.ooiisnh a hi 
totbe 

To mdee matters woirse the 
banlds ridter mcgibew — ' dm liiw* 
of the Gzedi RqmUk;'Po]and'a^ 
Hsqgaiy, cboitfius where the & 
xopean Rank has made maoy'.pri-' 
yate sector loans and investments 
— may soon o itig r w •flir'iastitfr 
tion. In Warsaw, Matdiew CXez- 
SzczytmskL the local head of the 
Bdtiai.-inecdiBnt bank Sefaradess 

idgrowAofborh&eP^^Ko^ 
mV and ita Bnunfia t maiAra\ ■ 

“It sng^ste -diat the' HBRD' 
nnich sooner than eaqiected. 
have strong in {nowid^ ' 

mg fonda te tlte Pefidt piivate teo- 
to**’* he aaad jn dteCkech T' — *■ ' 


Hsev. : 
OBT''' '■ 
iMf:--:.;- 

Ibfcr*- 



pr. 




*rhya; ..^: . 

kirCLK r, - 

PrisN-V. 


pf ,1'p 



PfiRTME 




PcrhVfrriW'-. 










*Ain.~- i' . 








li(^ vriiere W sbme egtima*^ 
infop 


milK on in-fdrd^ fu^ 
into the shx^ .marieet in 
three months ^ 1993 alODel- that 
threat is even nitfeinunmenL'v i'/ 



WORKERS: A New Paradise for Employment b OpmungAerossBusdii 



Cootimied bom ftge 1 

in frnstranon last wedt, contends that econom- 
ic irfonns teve proceeded far too tiowly be- 
cause of political omiositioa. In anoounciog his 
resi^tetto he lashu out at U.S. offidals who 
have begun suggesting that for sake erf 
pt^tical staNlity Russia perhaps needed “to 
shock and more therapy.'^ 

“What kmd of sbodt flier^ is it if inflatioD 
runs at 20 percent a monih? If the whde natimi 

bad just five bonknqjides during a year? If tbe 
offi^ unemployment rate is I percent?” Mr. 

l^idorovasked tbxnk. ff anythto reformis 
extrenidy slow-paced." 

At tbe ffl o a k apal Ftlyovsky tjoBey and bus 
depot in western Moscow, the emdoymmt 
diief Alexei Kopytin sees Ihde eridnee that 
rcfmm is altering (he job tituatioo. The dq>«’s 
78S-membQ' woric foroe non.' indudes 122 
Ukrainian drivers and lepainnen, and Mr. Ko- 
pytin would hire 350 more if he had donmUny 


“We have a shortage of peof^". he sakL 
“Many Russians want to find eatier jobs.” 
the other band, 01^ Bdy; a 24-ymu^ 
Ukzaioto u de&ghted te be drivitig a bus hx 
Moscow. In hisbrnned^crf^^inytsya, vfliere' 
his wife and s(» still live, Mr. Bd/s-salaiy as a 
bos driver was (te eqidvalaU <rf to than SIS 
for 2S0 bouts of w(^ tor 180 hours, be 
earns more than $2^ . 

De^te two years (rf (fire pre&itkos, une^ 
pkyment in Rustia remams low. 'Ihe cGBda! 

. rate is about 1 peicent, and evm the true rate, 
M& Shapixo said, is not hi^ier dian 5 pereenL’ 
While productivity continiies to slide; plants 


reeC^t that almost emyaaie Bves.poo^ 

i^y Russian factor ireickm fire rm; rfr 
1^ materiaBy, than Pohs getting by dniiMB- 

"I'Wi-’—t benefits. : . 


i-Rns-. 


KCTeritedmiMtylqyBrf^^ i 

Stete from moving reth dxir faradim tbreete 
siidt as Mbseow.Ahd sooie 
Snsaans have tond m die sto 
vate sector. w “ss 

AH 


' wQiitera Ofi fonedleavm, cuttmg : 
their horns hoidbu bade their pay.. But 
aimftM no oate has beeuTsid off. 

“When petnk hto- ttuu tefonss are revets-, 
ibie, d^ bold onto men worinis.’* bb. 
said. 

The diSicoliy widi tlds tatqmtaiy SMtdom 
tits added, is (te( (be renting eonunQ' s so- 


*, y»M*;-,*y*i»» « i o iMi u if<ydie’] 

“Mtgration Service, estimated diu SOuiW. 

most^ ' fiom Ubainn and- Bdin&' 
woe working m Rnsoa onder GratntcL' Btft. 


Am 


“f® ^ do not seitor with apy .age 
Ajcrt Rustians are not fillip 's 
posts; Mr. Sohtsev said: “X can't 
question, bm lay feding is that iPs not ] 


•*. *i* - 



•“ t‘ *n 


-k. 




t:: 










INTORNATIONAL herald tribune, WEDNESDAY , FEBRUARY 


business message center 


1994 



oADatsAssjmsm 

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^DNESDAY, FEBRIJMV 2, 1994 

O P I W I O N 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


U.S. Troops on UN Duty 


Misadvco tores in Somalia and Bosma have 
imdersiandaMy givea United Katioas peace- 
keepii^ a bad name in the United Stales. Now 
the Clinton admioistradon. tempering its earli- 
er entliusiasm for such operaliMs, has detised 
lough new ccmditions for U.S. pardcipadcm. 

The administradon would be wtUing to 
have U.S. troops j<nn in UN peacekeqnng if 
aU the warring sides agree to a truce. If not, 
Wasfahigton w^d consider coounitdng troops 
only if its security Uiierests were at stake, and 
then only if the troops were to assure 

the operation s effectiveness and if their in- 
volvement had iHtHul support from the Amer- 
ican people and Congress. Americafl troops 
would be allowed to serve under foreign com- 
manders if drcumstaiices warranted. 

Senator Bob Dote wants to consuain U.S. 
participation stilJ further. He would allow 
American troops to serve in UN operations. 
But be is imn^ucing legislatioo that would 
bar the troops from serving under foreign 
command, prohibit U.S. forces from “any 
standing UN army** and cut back on Ameri- 
can funding for UN operadons. These stq>s 
could so me limes preclude a UN alternative to 
U.S. inierveotion and force America to 
choose between playing global or doing 
nothing to keep the peace. The adminisCratkHi's 
case-by-case appro^ seems more piodenu 

Having a O.S. commander take charge 
makes sense when Americans make up a large 
share of a UN force. But why inrist on assum- 
ing command if the United States makes just a 
token contribuUon of troops? If, as in the case 
of Somalia, American tnx^ ans withdrawing 
and being replaced by forces from Other coun- 
tries, would Mr. Dole bar a U.S. commander 
from transferring command to someone else 


before the last American leaves? U.S. troops 
wtxild, of course, remain under the control of 
the preadeni and could always be wiihdnwn 
from engagements that were i^taiSy unsound 
or that fiuled to serve .^moicao ipierests. Bui it 
sometimes may make sense for American 
troops to serve under fordgn command 

Similarly, refusing to commit U.S. troops to 
a standii^ UN army is reasonable. But what is 
wrong with designating an American brigade 
or two to participate ipgulaiiy in peaoefce^ 
ing exercises with foreign forces? That way 
tb^ could practice worlEiiig togeclier and 
would be ready for prompt dispatch if the 
need arose! ft^g for others to do peaceke^ 
ing may, at times, be preferable to sending 
American troops instead. 

To lus credit. Senator Dole would insist on 
congrassional approval before committiiig 
U.S. troops to peacekeqrmg, and would 
establish a realistic Penta^ budget for 
peai^eeping instead of diverting funds from 
militate readiness. But Congress let Presi- 
deni George Bush dispatch 30,000 U.S. 
troops to S^alia without convemng to de- 
bate the wisdom, and limiis, of American 
involvement. Will it be any more williag in 
the future to conduct a timely debate and 
sh^ responsibility for committing troops? 
And Cemgress has mien been slow to pay the 
U.S. share of UN operations. 

Zn his understandable desire to pull back 
from ill-faied multilateral efforts, Mr. Dole 
could force the country into an uncomfoiuble 
dioice: intervene alone in international trou- 
ble spots, or do aotbing. The administratkm is 
light to learn from its mistakes without 
scMiading total rrtreaL 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Keeping Arafat in Play 


Marked fRoeress is beiog rqxrrted in efftvts 
lad the PLO to cany into effect the 


by Israd and 

f^-siage interim peace a g reement they signed 
in SqHODber. Tbegoiflgis tortums, but Israo- 
lis arc Palestinians ^ipear bent on bringing 
abcut tte end of Isr^ oooqjaiioo and the 
establislimeDt of a PalesiiiiiaD autonomy re- 
gime in Gaza and in Jeridio on the West Bank, 

The issues now described as nearing resolu- 
lioo concern control over bordm, security of 
Israeli settlements and the dunenaons <rf “Jer- 
idjo." These are far smaller and easier than 
the core questions that have been left to sec- 
ond-stage n^otiatioD — the fate of Israeli 
settlers and raestinian refugees, the drawing 
ci final borders, the status Si Jerusalem. 

Even the lesser issues, howevc, being the 
first on which the parties have engaged across 
a ubie, toodi every nerve and consume every 
indi of political ^acc. Moreover, these lesser 


issues lead themselves poorly to aplh-tho- 
i. Palestmiatis, for in- 


difference diplomacy, 
stance, strive for the pimtive benefits of terri- 
tory acquired — prisoners Creed, Isradi 
soldiers sent home, new jobs provided — 
while IsraeUs demand first the native bene- 


fits of relief from Palestinian attacks. Palea- 
tioians sedc to endow an interim regime with 
aB posable rights of soverdgDQf and state- 
hood even as Israelis to make the regime 
bterally interim: dependent on Israeli consent 
for funher evolutiotL 

Eadi new act of Palestinian terrorism 
the Israeli public. StOl, Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin is operating within a dtxnestic 
consensus that ensures him support for the 
interim deal he is tr^^ to negotiate. 

By contrast. Yasser Arafat — the PLO 
rfiai miM, or, as he prefers to put it, presi- 
dent — ■ seems, both by the aow pace of 
nidations and by his own erratic leader- 
s^ sQrle, to have lost ranch of the popular 
enthusiasm he earlier eigoyed. It makes him 
the more eager for a d^ lest he slip even 
more. It also makes the Israelis Increasingly 
his political keq>er. They must baigain to get 
Israel needs from this negotiation. 
They must also bargam to keep Mr. Arafat in 
the game. At least until the dections contem- 
plated m the interim agreement, be is the 
Palestinians' indispensable man. 

— THE WASBWGTOH ROST. 


Cleaner Cars for All 


A small group of people frran 12 Eastern 
states and the District trf Columbia were 
meeting m a Washington hotd this Tuesday 
to make a critical dviaoo for the environ- 
ment, for consumers and for the automobile 
indusciy. They are members of the Ozone 
Trannort Commisaon, established by the 
1990 Clean Adx Act to find regional solutions 
to air pollution problems up and down the 
Eastern Seaboard On ibe taUe was a propos- 
al Utterly opposed by the antomobile tndus- 
tiy. If apprai^ by the commission and by the 
Environmental Ftotecuoo A^ncy, it would 
require all 12 states and the Strict to adopt 
CaHoraia's tough “clean car^ progr a m. 

The California prog^ requires even lower 
automobile emissions in gas^e-fueled cats 
than those mandaied 1^' the Qean Air Acl 
B ut wbai terrifies Detroit even more is anoth- 
er mandate: the gradual introduction of deo- 
iric cars, beginning with 2 percent of all new 
cars sold in California in 19% and climbing to 
10 permt in 2003. 

The industry says the electric car require- 
ment is impracti^. But the Eastern states 
should say “yes" to the California program. 
Their popul^ons and California’s comprise 
40 peSxnt of the American automobile mar- 
ket And the fact that 40 percent of the market 
will have stipulated a doire for dectric vehi- 
cles would ^'e industry a conimuiz^ incen- 
tive to spend serious mosey on what could be 
the next leap in automotive technology. 

Some of the industry's feats are under- 
standaUe. Electric car lediooloOT is primitive: 
tiny v^des with a range of ISO miles (340 
Idlonieteis) cosing more than S3S.OOO. Thm is 
no obvious maricei and, as yet, no means of 
mass production. Detroit has offered to iMnld 
for eveiymie the same lowemisaoa gas- 
powered \dnde$ it now builds for Califottiia. 

But many state governors say tht^ cannot 
meet federd dean air standards’ as lo^ as the 
does are clogged whh gas-driven vehid^ De- 
mat's tedmdogjca] prowess has made those 
vdiides 93 percent cleaner than they were 20 
years aga Even so, cars and trucks still account 
fm half of ail urban smog. And there will 

be more of them on the road as the years go by. 


indu^ also argues that “yon can’t kpslale 
umovation.*' True. But artfi^ drawn reguln- 
tioos that set gmeral targets wA aDow manu- 
facturers to their own sotntions have stim- 

ulated amaring results: onkaded gast^ne, for 
example, the catalytic converter and deana, 
lefwmulaied fuel In each case, there were 
many in the automobOe and dl industries wbo 
aid it could not be done. 

There is one final reason why the Eastern 
Stases should adopt the Qihfonua standards: 
They are not immutal^ California officials 
will monitor tecfamric^^ advances and mar- 
ket forces. If conditions are not c^t by 1998, 
the deadline wiO be shoved bade. But even a 
flexible mandate vtiU beep manuractuieis 
woddng on the problem — not just the ^ 
Three, but a lot of tittle high-lech compaaies 
tbai may see a mariret where Detroit doe not. 

~ THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


Small Wavs to Save Ourselves 


The history of life offers sobering example 
of species detroyed by ibeir own success, 
specie whose success at reproduction over- 
whelmed the habitat on which cbey relied. 
Will Homo sapiens be such a species? 

loi^ enough arable land to devdop- 
mem and abuse dining tbe Cdd War to sup- 
port 450 nriffim peopie. Depite p^wlatioo 
control efforts thm have been edtiazed tor 

tfa^ hNNghnetc QuOl's population IS StiU 

growing. How long can arable land shrink and 
population grow birfore a massive crias lesolts? 
Are there any answos? 

A Kenya Museum SodeQr program makes 
protection of an irreplaceable resource like 
the Araboka Sokdee forest economicaDy via- 
Ue (dried butterflies are sold to slu^ and for 
craft woric). Conservation International has 
done somethmg analogoos in the Amazon 
rain forest Apolo^sts ^ big governinem and 
big business alike should give (such modest 
projects] a close look. 

— Las Angeles Times. 



Imemaiiona] HeraJd Tribune 


KATHARLVE GRAH.A.M. ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 
Co-Chaiimn 

RICHARD McCLEAN. PuMuher £ OiitfEieeuiw 
JOHN VINOCUR.eKWnvfifiRv A VWAeiUts 


• WALTER Nhn fifkr • SAMUEL AST. KAIHBUNE KNORR aid 

CHARLES MrrCHELMOREZkrYETfiaun* CARLCSWDtlZABudsrfifinr 
• ROBERT J. DONAHUE &Stnrrfihr OSirriai Paea * JONATHAN GAGE, Aesnes and Finance Eibir 
•RES^BOSDY.D^PuiAshereJAMESMclBXy.AiEvrtiStmiDii^ 
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Oirectntrdeii ^Mkam : FjtlurdD. Samwa 


Tribune. I81 AvaiigOBrieH|e-Caul 1 e. 0 I*t 21 f^ysur-Seinc. Ram*. 

Tel : I U 46.17,93X0. Ea» : Greulaum 4637.065 1 : Aihaiisii^. -163751 1 1 

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Vop IXr Ada. RidfD Krane^. 50 GntceiUr Ri, Hone Rons. Tel. fSfil-0(ilf». Fux;^hJ07i 

I mZ l^Ganr Thome. Arw. Lmdon WT- TeL flPI} SRfM Far lOJII 

' Cm Mer Cemnar K LalrtoA Fmbihff. Ix WtfH Frai^mM. Td iflWl V 6t SS. Fas lUWl C n/0 

( pZuI HiSScmnn. fSO Thad .V« r.*t V Y. lOUZl Tel (2l2l Tr.-Sm Fas l2l2, 

S 4 <111 faitiial de I JW.WjW F. RCS Naiaerre B 71202112(1. CornmiunM Panlaire No. ft/Ji. 
<11. lapiial 



Big Trouble Ahead if Yeltsin Slows Down 


D avos, Switzerland — To the 
^}oSs of coffliauaisiB bdot% 
the two Viktors: Chemwnyrdin and 
GaashcbenJcct Russia’s prime min- 
ister and the head of its central bank 
have Boris Yd tsiii's ear and his si^ 
pon for a go-dow ecoaoinic lefonn 
program that will cause consteroa- 
tioo in the West when its outlines 
become fully apparent 
Mr. Chcrnomynlui and Mr. Ger- 
adicheoko now pilot Resident Ydi- 
sin’s attempt to stay afloat amidst 
ibe wiediage of tbe' Soviet era and 
MiUiati Gorbachev's chaotic 'T>ere^ 
troika.’' The two Vikiots are not 
fitting Mt. Velism or eafh other, as 
pres rqxMis often indicate. 'They are 
fating, bless cbeoL to save Mr. 
Vehsio and, to save tbe indus- 
trial core cf the dd Soviet system. 

Mr. Ydtrin’s fate has now be- 
come enttrined with an ecoaoinic 
program that seeks to delay or avoid 
altogether the creative destruedoo 
that feeds the capiialiA system. 
Prime Minister Chemomyrdm and 
Mr. Gerashchenko undencored Utis 
to me in conversations here in Da- 


By Jixn Hoa^and 


tecied and more goods wOl be pro- 
duced. Csfreacy subflity and infla- 
tion rates were only one part of the 
pioure and had been overempba- 
rized by tbe departed reformer^ 
‘Nvboflo! only left but also left thev 
mess behind for us to dean up,” Mr. 
GerariKfaenko told me. 

Tbe centra] bank bead is to the 
reftKiners the devil ineaniate. He 
pumps out ruUes on demand to 
meet factory payroUs and govera- 
meat apeodiog. Swedish Prime 
Nfinister Carl Bildt dearly had Mr. 
GeraslmlKiika in mind warn he 
tbe Davos coofereDce that the big 
danger to Russia no longer comes 
from the finger poised on tbe nucle- 
ar launch button but from “The fin- 
ser on the button ai the Rumian 

T • ** 


This is all an eoormoos stq) badc- 
waid from Milum Friedman and 
Margaret Thatcher, patron saints 
fra the dq>artiDg Rumian ufam- 
eis. It is also a step bade in time to 
Mr. Gorbachev’s final year in d- 


rov soon acorats an apporntmem as 
economic adviser to Mr. Ydtsin. He 
win taDc hi .the West while die two 
Vikttman ihe ecraiaoqr. 

Soviet wodoers used to idee that 
the govennnent pretended to p^ 

them and so tb^ pretended to work. 
Today tito West pieuods to provide 


fiee, when the last Soviet leader - aid to Mir. Ydlsin's Rizttia. wbidi 


money printiag machine 
lnperaon,Mr. 


talked ref onn to get mcHiey fiom 
abroad but practiced r e ti e ad u neat 
ai home. '*We are bade in the late 
Goibadiev period, teOing the West 
yon must mon^ not to malx 
things beoer but to thiDgs Bom 

getting worse and to keep tim tnoD- 
steis from takii^ over, said one 
riicmuQCBgri Rusaan hen. ‘’Wbat is 
awfiil is that tins timeit is troeL” 
The mum to a Gotte-esque pat- 
tern win be if, as I luar, 

dratted Rnance Minister Fyodo- 


to lefocm. It is a matter of 


titeecoDoimc 
sitoation ovra wfiidi the two ^^ktras 
pieadeinRDSSiatocl^andthe&d- 
refonn equation between Russia, and 
Use West: ^tenable:’’ .Osladymsc 
drengeisio the caids to Rimia in 
tbe next 12 months if Mr. Ydton 
tries. to narddle throc^ tbe same 
predicament that did mms [sedeces- 
sor in tbe Kraolin. 

The WaMngum Rcsl 


VOS. where they addressed Western 
leadei 


business leaders at the annual 
World Economic Foniffl. 

Both insistently denied to thear 
audiences that they were anti-re- 
form. They said the departure of 
younger economists like fonner Fi- 
nance Minister Boris Fyodorov 
from Mr. Ydtsin’s government do 
not signify retreat from a free mar- 
ket eccaomy. But when I preued 
them s^raratefy for defimoons 
the dusire word '’reform,” a foUer 
and less reassurioB pictnre oi tbdr 
intentions emerged. 

agree on essentials and per- 
suasive argue that thev are dmng 
exactly wfaat Mr. Ydtrin wants 
them to do — avoidiim massive oo- 
employmeni and further sharp de- 
gradation of the Russian standard 
(rf living even though 
oondnumg kiose monetary pdicy 
and high 

Both Viktots empharized in our 
talks (he urgent need to invest more 
in factories so that jobs will be pro- 


Gerashchenko is a 
far 1 ^ menacing presence, spew- 
ing soft, faeavfly accented Eo^ish 
and repeatedly emphasizing his 
concern for Russian ritizeas who 
have been devastated by the astos- 
iduDg combination of prices shoot- 
ing up while the production of 
g p o4* phinuDCts. 

’’We need a tmiket-orienied seci- 
es bur witii some of social 
system to protem the people” he 
raid. rrform i moan caoris to 
create a sode^ in which tbe prodae- 
tion at deferent types of goods tbe 
ptgwlatioa would to hsve would 

beenaiuaged ^ economic means, 
not by adimnistraiivB decis>oo&’' 
Pi^ Mmister Aleni Rosy^ tried 
something like tins in the muf-'TOs 
but wasbiocked, lifr. Gensbebeoko 
noted with rqgrel 

Mr. Qiernofflyrdm, wbo turns 
oat to far mrae engagme Aoti 
alert than his stolid, apparatdiik- 
like exterior suggests, also ^wetwari 
that jtte and production — not 
money sup^y — «rafe tbe keys both 
to ecoQoanc rece^vry and to Mr. 
Ydtsin's fate. He e^hamed his 
decade-long association with and 
loyalty to the Russian presideat in 
converatirai ova dinna. 



tbusian roulette. 


Russiaatthe Top Table, Eastern Europe in NATO 


D avos. Switzeriand — • Grigpri Yaviinslty, 
the 41-year-old economist wbo brdte with 
both Mikhail Gorbaefaevand Boris Yeltrin when 
they rqecMd his nulioil reforms, says the entire 
Russian parfmment now is in the oinx>ation. ‘'It 
is a constructive opposition.*' be ad!^ a paradox 
that both pro- and anti-^venunent Russians at 
the World Eamomic Forum here accepted. 

There is a peculiar perve^ eptimism among 
Russian leamas now. A wide sample of than 
turned iqr here, ioduding PrioK Minister Viktor 
Cberaomynjin, but not the ranting belligerent 
^Tadiffiir Zhirinovslo'. They all seemed to agree 
that dungs will condmie getting worse bo^ 
they get toter, and that thb is somdiowsalaiary. 

Mr. Yavlin^', who is numing hard for prea- 
deni in as Amraican a style as ne can manage, 
expects tremendous mistakes from the govon- 
nmi that will turn the electorate around. 

Boris Fyo^rov, who fin^y quh as finance 


By Flora Lewis 


Meanwhile. Preedent Boris Ydtsm. wbo pushed 
through a constimtion concentrating power in 
his hands, stmply sulks. He^s too moody to act 


until he's deamte, Mr. Ariund said. 

t Mcbcow is m a mess. It is a misiake to 


minister because he oonhl not get tbe power to 
slop the cential bank from nmniag toe roble- 


piinting press ntmstop. agrees, althcvgb Mr. 
Vavtin^ calls him a mere "quaa-refonzKr.” 


An estimated SI Inlbcm fled the comtry in 
January when the new govenunent tacked away 
from reforms, but that, too, was taken as a good 
sign, sfaow^ that the Russiai finaneiat mmei 
U fimciiomog wdl enough lo respond sharply to 
bad new:s. "Bad polity sboitid produce crises." 
said Anders As) and, the Swerush expe r t vrirn 
resiled as an coonomic adviser. 

mmc NGnista Cheroomyr^ was said to be 
shocked at the Westeoi reaction to the dtanges, 
and that, too, provoked inexphcAle hope. 


In short, : 

think that there is much method in (he push and 
shove going on, and therdore that there is a dear 
fine, a defi^ gronp. or even an active peraanal- 
ity for the West to support The triormets, who 
^ve the best claim for Western backing are 
obsessed vdth tbe classic bickering of Russian 
iateOeemais and are cot even puQug togetber. 

Wbeiba from canviction, political pressure or 
18CDCS, the one thing tyerybody aigues now, 
including Foreign Minister Andrei Koniev 
(long attacked for being the West’s poodle is 
lhjn Russia must pay more Bitcstion to its Sia- 
donal interests.” 'nzts is a way of saj^ h must 
try to restore decisive inDncDce on the fenoer 
Soviet rqmblics, tbe Tiear abroad.” 

Tbe way it is being done, this is renewed 
empire buDding. Tire Muistsy of Defense is «dd 
to be in cootrol at foreiga polity regarding tbe 
Tiar abroad,” destabttizasg reentrant 
lies so as to become the only potential siaMoang 
force. Mr. Kotyrev, with fais new harder line on 
Russiaa interests, is trying to grab bade control 
fra the Foreign Mini^. 

Given tbe deeply incegraxed structme of tbe 
ex-Soriet economy and me fight of its nnlitaiy- 
indastrial managers for sizrnval, it is neatbra 
surprising nor unreasonable that efforts should 


be made to restore economic ties. But it is being 
done with a voy heavy hand. 

Tlte Weri onnot eadonte this s^noadi on the 
Bounds of saving Pxe&dent Yeltsin or nfonn, 
lor reasons of pnneipfe and became the reseni- 
menia pitrK±ed means that ^ approat^ cBmot 
be fflamtamed withont ooescicit ^ neitlto ^ 
the Weri wash ite hands of lUis^’s troobles. The 
stakes are too h^ 

Oiancdlar Hdmat Kohl has come up with the 
Bseftil ide a of giving !>>««« permnnnt meaibflr- 
diip amcog the Group of Seven indns^ 5ti^ 
lei^ the iRxIf s boflro of dinctci^ on 
issues, while keqi^ econtanic kadenkdp to 
ihemadvicsL But this should be done onty at a 
tnd&<g for prociisingfatme NATO luenJjezri iip 
to Eastern Emope. In that wire. Russia would nra 
be oiriuded from the top tabl^-bnLit wo^ not 
bave a veto oni its neitjihoirf sench for sriera. 

The imonational tystem is at a possronoa as 
decptymneedofbioiHLcobcxentnewocganBft- 
tioci as it was after Wodd War n. 

But the exiting institatiatis aO have QteoijBc, 
linnted functions — - nnlitazy, tiai^ mooetazy, 
etc. — and are not e quipp ed to pot it aDtogttiier 
m a geopo&ticri stratogy. That concept of nttmg 
tfai^ togetixr was prothiocri m tbe miiids of the 


leaders half a century ago. 
In the abssice or 


SQch bnagiiiative leaders 
now, the fittio| ineds to be iDStitiituinalaed, 
the Group of or Grotm of Ei^ has tbe 

are* boggmg dowa The West must take^^^ 
O Flora Lewis. 


(ierry Adams: Optimistically Into the Irish Dark 


B elfast — Gary Adams is 
something of a mystery. His 
Falls Road enclave in Belfast is 
row on row of dtmmuihie red-bride 
houses deatvd loaetfaa, his flock 
100,000 or so Caih^cs. And his call- 
ing in recent months has been a series 
of talks with an old ideclo^cal eae- 
the Irish pelitidan Hume, 
with the aim of brin|ms abwt a 
“lasting peace" in Nortnen] Ireland. 

Mr. Adams, pretideoi of the pdiii- 
cal wiag of the Irish RqioblicaD 
Army, was to attend a coherence on 
Northero Ireland in New York tliis 
Tuesday, tbe Gintoc administration 
having swallowed its reluctance to 
grant him a visa. 

Bringing about or even commenc- 
ing on a lasuDg peace in Ireland is not 
an easy Behind Mr. .Adams 
most lurk not oolv the memory but 
the reality tbe bst peace process, 
bammer^ oot by Nficnae! CoQins is 
1922, wbereby the six counties of 
Nonhera Irdaod were severed flora 
the 26 in tbe Republic, a mancr that 
led to a bloody chi! w ar and caused 
Mr. Collins to say he bad siecsd his 
own daih warrant — as indeed he 
had. amburiied not long after in his 
native County Cork in a place tender- 
ly cafied the 'Mouth of the Flowers. 

Whereas Micfaael Cofliiis was out- 
going and swashbuckling. Cerrv .Ad- 
ams IS thoughtful and reservisd. a 
lithe, handsc^e rami aith a native 
formality. Given a differeat incania- 
tiOD in a different century, one could 
imagine him as rate of those monks 
tnmscfibios ihe gospels izro Gaelic. 

While the Falls Road faithful 
swarm to the Sinn Feis office daiJv 
for advice, be attracts bile and revx^ 
sioo from many otha ciunera 
When Prime* Miaisier John Major 
utters bis name 'm tbe House d Com- 
mons, ^ cannot conceal his loathing, 
and on television and b new^pers 
Mr. Adams is d^Asd os a chilling 
and inscrutable figure. 

The reason is twofold. F:ni. and 
deqrite his ngcrous denials, it is as- 
suim lhat he is at ’he center of ail 
IR.A milit^ sirategv. Second friends 
and enemies ^erega^hm as a in.in 
of unswerving determinaiion. 

Now in his mid’4Q& he was ia- 
temed in bis earlv 20 s and remabed 
in jail for nearlv five years. wT.ting a 
column for a Repub&an newspaper 
in wfiieb he was pnsciea: enough to 


Edna O^Brien 


foresee (he aecessiiy of welding tbe 
armed and the poliucal struggle. 

The beatings, the white noise, the 
torture, the belched aiiempis at es- 
cape. tbe dcathsi. the coffins be has 
cached (indoding tecoitiy, and to tbe 
wvaA of (be wxm tbe coffin of an 
DLA bomba wbo blew ip a Sbanirill 
Road dsp sbe^ JaUzng sme fVotes- 

tante aivt hnrwwty —all ihni baS 

Mr. Adams the fonxsdable figin beist 

One feels that he has gone into the 
dark and recognized it as his mMa. 

It is not that Iw b disecurteous or 
wiihout wit He described to me with 
droll humor a farce-lSu scenario in- 
volving false brards and leather jack- 
ets for an escape sebeme that was 
qioddy ftfied becaux ha look-alike 
oai^teM to be six inches shorter than 
be, causmg a wuider to remark, “One 
miatiM 1 was looking up at Adams and 
the next minute 1 was looking down.” 

No. be is happy to calk. nt. like 
the griDs mat guard his office(a 
Unionist gunman reoentiy gained en- 
trance unda a false pretext and shot 
three people de^ before IdUing him- 
seU). be {Nils up a kind of psydidogi- 
cal grin that gives him the aloofness 
often found in darisnatic leaders. 

His hero is Nelsoo Maodda. No 
doo^ in his journey from violence to 


ibe nmiiatihg table be sees paraileb. 
As for a pifvate fife, be says he 


guanis it “jeatousiy.” 

He has reason to. Not long ago a 
gren^ was thrown into his house — 
bisttifedodsofl were lucky to escape 
— and when he made a rare appera- 
ance 18 months ago in tbe center of 
Belfast at a court bearing, be was 
shot several times as he walked out to 
lum± and barely escaped death. 

There is something bafllingiy calm 
about him, a snidiousaess. toe. as one 
is admiRed to his tiny (tfflee, He is 
pulling the finishing touches to a 
^>eecb be wiQ give, asking again that 


John Mmor cenain vital mat- 
ters hi the Dowt 


Street deelara- 
lion of Dec. IS. in which Dublin and 
London announced that they had 
reached a "flasaework for pea%” 
Looking around wilhasort of wea- 
riness, he asks, ”How will it make 
things differeat for usT 
He is all too aware that James 
Molvneaux, ieada of tbe Ulster 
Unjust Party, has said, Ttutte is 


nothing in it for NaiioBalisa,” and 
lhat the Ulster Defense AssociniioD 
has published a document outlining 
its own scenario for an ethnic 
cleansing of Ulster — using some 
Catholics as pawns and alienee for 
“anUificstfoa” of others lo reauoe 
demands on food siqrplies. 

The documeo t ends memly by say^ 
lag that “tbe process could be 
isbed within ooe-two weeks.” 

To GODceive of such a plan is one 
thmg^but lopnMisbitcanmeancBity 
that tbe UDA hopes to goad the IRA 
into greater bursts of violence. 

Brave and colorful words were 
beard afia the Downiiig Street deda- 

ocss, there have bem’ratbacks. 
M^ra stys Mr. Adams's demand fra 
clarntroDons is mei^ a tyoxal an to 
win fuitfaa coDcessions. wt ’’oonoes- 
siocs” is too opaque a tenn in tins 
context, becaose any chBd would us- 
dostand that tbe issue is tbe ultimate 
fate of Ulst^ atober it is to remais 
in tbe United Kmatoo or not. 

Mr. Adams, fra^ part, wants tbe 
British BTvenimeat to start lo “per- 
suade” Uniooisis that asshnOaiion 
with tbe Republic is tbe only way 
forward. It would be a gargantuan 
task to get any prime mnusta to 
undenakesudiajobofpeisuaaioo — 
doublv so fra Mr. h^or, wbo de- 
pends' on tbe Unionist vote in the 
House d CommoDS and who said at 
the recent Consovative Party confer- 
arce. **We are aD Conservatives hoe, 
we are all Ummists here.” 

2 believe that Mr. Adams does 
wont to sec an end to violence. Asked 
on a radio progr am in Dublin last 
week whether he had moved forward 
from bis 1983 statement that armed 
struggle was seecssaty and moiaUy 
ooiject. he repli^ “Absolutriy.” 

But the path is Strewn with obstar 

TlMre is the 

Ian Paisley sajipg. “We're not in the 
buaness of getting anyone to talk to 
Gerry Adams abrat anything* And 
oiba Unionists propoang that Mr. 
Adams be pul in quaran hoc “to be 
decontaminated.” And Catholics, 
North and South, who are tired, wea- 
ry and ashamed of the 2 S yem of 
hicKxisbed and brutality, all wanting 
him (i>.icti)e. scitie. 


Titewrita’.whosenextnavdwillbe 
**Bo»e tf^pfendUl Ifolakat, ” eaR- 
tributed this comment u> The Hew 
York Times. 


GentralAsia 
At Risk in 


A^mnistan 


ByPhiUi>B©wriiis 


states] 


iaie< 


There ia, too, tbe roecta of a feud 
within the Prowonal IRA, with die 
forma prerident of Snn Fein. RnaitD 
0 Biadai^ — who was ousted by 
Mr. Adams and younga bloods— 
sayiim on tdevisiofi that Mr. Adams 
and ms ooUeagne hfortm MbOuia- 
oess were “damaged good^ forhav- 
ii^ entertained tire Ida of peace calks 
with Britain. 

For Mr. Adan^ cmrdt between 
these manifedd realities, mere cannot 
be 8 soosd ni^t’s rieep. Aded whm 
be thinks about vriiea be lies awake at 
night, be npbas, fotkanly, “To get 
back to deep.” 

Yet soronsii^y, he remains crati- 
mistic, eafliiu me peace process Sn 
ineversible tnrusL” 

His task, imif^edged. requires acu- . 
mat, good forn^ a Job4ike sto- 
icism and a nutaculoos toudi fra 
hurling the people out of the 
of rmstnist, hsmed and paranoia on 
both sides of tbe divide. 


u any brealcnp of Afghanistan 
along ethnic fines. jteidiboaDE coun- 
tries would end up vrimthe^Gcs 
Pakistan get^ the bigM dice in 
tefHW of popu hMironi 
Tqflcisl^ and Ira the rest But thii 
a a recTO for iqaetting tbe dready 
ddicare Mlance of.Fabstan, and for 
wfadIesatorednwnigofCaCra!Asia& 

' hnwnHAries on rdhmet Htiwt 
Afgfaanistaii may no longer have 
its racran <f 6tie as buffer state be- 
tweoi Brijidt and Rnsaan eapta 

and between Cnmi mi nk t and 0(0- 

Conmaimst wodds; But it is not m 
tbe inteteit of aity of the nei^bois, 
wim tbeitosabte excqrtioD of finids^ 
mentalist ham, to want to see 
dennre of a mifltiethnk and p!redcmai- 
nsnflysec^ state: 

Thatis sAat will hq^en if fltis wra 
goes cm untS the arms sto^ lefk-by 
Russian and Western mteeventim 
are erhansted It win be too laie to 
pot A^bacdstan back toge^. 

TIte issite is muKvt^ eeraioancaL 
ly as wdL The’Cential Asiari 'states 
Save resources and zeraraia^'edo^ 
cated poptdatiooA bht'snaaT&'m- 
aoty of flom the outSKfe 

wood. R^ and road finks to east and ' ' 
west are b<^ iaqraoved, but the 
dosest sea is' me Inman Ocean, 'via' ' 
Af^banis(att.Pa)i5tanhasabaiBter- 
.esim beconnng a gatewty to Central 
Atu for bosiness fram ^ liest of 
Asa, but white Af ghaHriEhin it wwcfau . 
ble^ iKHhing can he ppT r 
The situation can seoai Bopel^ 
Given the weakness of hfira 'Bhnt- 
to’s government, it .is uiflflD^ .to 
wanito'address the Af^anproUsm 
nnl^ tiidYKest is ipiUr 
to h^, amoM oriier thmgs by 
on ite Saiim friend But. in- 
ternattonal hcvcri.venientshoDld.grve 

TWstan the strength -gf ’miTMi tn 

ootytexate with Uzbdcnlan arri'a^ 
other wiDmg ae^ibors toinmow a 
pe^ seizing the azms stooges 
and wzradcawmg sueoar from the' - 

warlords. It cttLM done. 
Iitiaiicaiaud ifaaU THbme. 



IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS Afift 
1894: Reiidbabie Books 


PARIS -— M. Ddrie. prindpallibrar- 
fima Noli 


ian at the BSdiomkiae Natiocak^ 


wtore Gaedis aiod Polesi 

mans and SeriNao^ Hurtgaiians imd 
Gnecdis are dinatiug;- vAeo-not neb^ 
aBy fighting, turoirt tentitarialdgiHs. 
^(TmepriiK^matposses- 
d^me d to p eri^ Of the 2ffJ0 and • aonisniiapoinis^^kw eubof 

Ranee, nraoD^lte^^^remam- thedeciabiBofthePeScOBfate 

1944c ClMerto^;.c. 

harbor — pFrbiij^'ov 
New Yoik edition;] I hAwd . 


ing show. 

is made of an sratt of o£ a 
more ra less peiisbabk chancier, fli 
particular, as M.-Di£rie prints out, 
hooka printed on-pc^ na^ from 
wood pulp soon begjn to rot aiwty. 


1919: ^a^ingia&irope 

PARIS — Macedonia was long 
looked 190 a as the vetyr last word in 
priU(ico-ediaolo 9 cal cpofiiaon. It 
has eves fursi^Md tbe'sanies for a 
flvit salad that is the acme of ^istro- 
Dooic anarchy. ^ Macedoma now 
has a serious rrial in Geninl fiiiR^e, 


^ th e most.pawaftil.iiaval «rii™g 
Amin his^, hare battled ashoiu^ 
OD Kwqaldn AtoD in a. SbodesAf- 

opoing of dte Kceanst coomuNd OCN' 

oration cf the PecaSowar. .Cloiids.ra' 
P***® ®ppwted (he troops.'ai'-^t^'.'. 

across the coral leeb and 
otocn^iesistm 
ers. Tbe mtacks put Amoican trixns 
<m Sflsl ^pcflkhnateiy as (iose 
lw» tire Japanese were ’ 

natal Ufdted Scatra on tito (fay dif the 
sneak attack. Dec. 7, 1941. s 


D avos, Switzerland — Afghani: 
is often viewed as yesta^ 
days war, of little oonsequenra to 
Eoyoite but me unfortunate Afgliai& 
That perception is dangerously 
wrong. Unless the various raiW 
who at various times fueled the 
namesoftbeccmflKtinalGeaoonoert- 
ed rat to douse them. Afi^amstan 

may cease to ezisL *010.18110111 for 
ytahnity in Central Asia would be 

immense^ and could have a knodc-on 

effect in bom West and Soum Asia., 
teorions ova Afgbam- 
here in Davos on Sun- 
day at a panel tfiscussiaa involving 

Prune Mmister Benaar Bhutto P^ 

viwan and ^ preadenis of Uzb^- 
rta'n, T iiriee y, Kazakhstan and Thifc- 
memstan. llie four were mere to bA 
about rraiottal eoonranic cooparar 
tioD, of time has been a oon- 
i priwraihlit amnrtnfj espedolty involv- 
ing tiw fouT ’Hifklc oountiies. 

But Umdristan’s FObust preaidi^ 
Main Karimov, took Kfiss Bhutto to 
for fHggatting tiiat fdimrBC fim- 
<t*m*wtaii<wn ;was not 8 pfoidem in 
tbe reaon. He demanded that the 
UiutedNatioira pty naxh nioxe atteo- 
tioct to the A&jhan proUem. and saiH 
sequently nmoedear that he viewed 
P AiKfam, uriinm Bring ra in anista stin 
taBfR about AMttnotan as baviiK 
been *Tibeia(eiL^ a stuzimiing biock 
to mvOhvng tbe United Nations db 
te^ in the Af^iaa atoatirat 
T^ may be unfair. lUtetao may 
hare draie more than most in the post 
to mn tfae'fteiries, but it has'.inade 
efforis to bring some d the wau^ 
parties, in Milicular P rii ne Mnn^ 
OnlbiHldinliekzaatyacand'Pzesdcnt - 
Bnthanoddin RaU^ni, togetba. 

Meanvrinl^ Uzbekistan bas been 
nuuntabmig idatioDS wim tbe Umek 
warlord in A^ianistan, fcanaCom^ 
nuinist General Radnd Dostum, CDT- 
lutiy in an is^irobable of 

convenience' wxm Kfr. Eteknatyair. 
Do6tum.controb large p!^ 
the norm of tiw country bemSering 
on UzbdQStan and Thdmenistan. 
Kfr. Kathnov, also a lefooned CoBir 




munist. has plenty of evidence float 
ndghbraing cbaoii c 'Dmkisbln 
that the foices of fimriamBnliukt 
nipikn are foinrid^le and.hare roots 
aiwt rf iin ^ iwir not just to Afthinir 

'md n h imaeray to Ssufi AobianjiDd 
libyan mooty and rnonl st^ipoft 
Mr. KarimDy’’s position js in^c^ 
tant. He remains c3ore io Moscow 
laid maka no bones about hif bciuf: 
- that Rnssu is the guatanlra of stahilr- 
ity in Central Asu ^ as hid^bas 
been case in T^kistan. But he ■ 
picades over wfaat is not oriity. the 
most populous of Ceotrid Asian 
; w also the most ccbcRuteth- 
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By Wi ftliar d Harwood 

W ASHINGTON — When Top graduates can start at 
Derek Bokretiied from the $60.(K)0aywatthe bigJw&^ 
presideDcy of Harvard University MBAs are stanmg at pS^XK) m 
m 1991, he spent a year at Sian- S40,000. The- average mccaae W 
ford writing a book: “Hie Cost of doctors is $17(MX)0 a yor; with 

w-1 •» Ti, tvf «nkM anPHP 


some; 


far mac. 

flwse 

ERQUBiea ' were the cream - oC 
crop. HwTtOTTO, 
scbjresm 199fran^&omlil57m 
\vn cempared wsdi il» mean ^ 


lOrQ WTIUII 5 a AIM WWW 

TalTOL**Jtisa:StudyoEwhoe^ . 
what and why. 

“What is one to ffit&e of a 
world,**- he write^ “in which mod-. 

ern conuttunicatiiMi allows a Mfr- 

dSiSr^tcnsofmiffionsof 
S. whUc a lodt mm New : 

Kidswi the Block, with dSmsw ay 
mdS mosical-distinrtUm ihai 

Setmuous at best. receLves oyer “^.m^onbadk^^ 

OMhirnandinimondoIIahm 

^glS two-year petiodr • 

~ r (Mlculati^ the payroD , “ISSnLor^ 

«»K'rAnti^ii tMfne — tiiB ■ in tr^Wdnal ^a H eBBe.. the oppory- 


WMdngum Rrftos aM .ta S.B . ^ 

. " “’^^wwffl he- yoir coDeagues, me, 

PoY scales In Amenca .frepdoihtoBvby.yow^ 

J ^^alues, the'diaDce to bdpouiets. 

fUlschoah^governm^ - . -BmB»«eytaiks.in about 

^ ® ■ , „;|.|. 40nementof Iheihcommgconege 

amtsoGiaiagcncfesiinin ‘ “b^ very well 

in thebatde against.: ^ 

aimef' unempli^rnient " ■ 



The KM and the Cmit^ 

Qutmanbered the Best 

By A. M. Eosenthal 


.OSANCaES-F. - 

Lgroupsrf]^l^^^^[ of thorewbom^ touched, 

now li noi a houre ot 


life now li noi » 
or place of woit 

ndd somewhere in Los Angela. 

The men and womra made 
homeless in die 30 seconds of the 

Sr^if earthquake wail md^ 

aaiiered Gelds or m park me^ 

mfaN WHUE 

worrying ihr^ 
ina hours about whatever will hap- 
^r±emaDdtheirch;^^^ 
5Si their address is nothing but a 
number painied on a ^ . 

-Hiai is one group “ 
ihrir own drv. a coupk of mita 
^ what was home. Moving ^ 
(JSking among them are 0 ^ 
men and women come noi out ^ 

need but oui rf di« 
purpose — ihe voluniecrs. Tb^ 
Sismbme food and water, soft ^ 
to chUdren, and 10 the parents thar 

Red Cross, ihe Salvauon Ang w 
the Seventh Day Advenusts. Some 
just drive up in ihdr own ^ ^ 
]wjw ihev can be most useM md 
s«io it'Walldng around, bsteomg 

j ...Hnno 1 Mt lhat to the ear the 


i/1 UiVarw ^ 

They seaoed to become 

jq” more compassionate if they 

had compassion m ibem, “ye^jn- 
gry if it was hate lhat had filled 
uiem before. , . 

Some shopkeepers sho^ up a 

tern camps w distribute ^d®d^w- 
ler and^ttcries f« 

Xh^ had not done that land of 
thing before, relief work. 

eSher shopkeepers raised pnc« 
on^gs l«e bottled wai« ^ 
baitericf Jo them »t seemed ihe 

dingerous. But ihe cym^ *«; 
ishing their cynicism, msisi 
reason the refugees stay away from 

home is “superstition — meanmg 
unconquerable 

stories of the homelea 
sharing food stamps with 
even worse off. Arid I 
nf fo^stamp swindlers. l “C®*® 
endless recitations ag»nst snij^ 
housing inspectors. 

bintHewrotcapub^^^^^ 

an 


set to it waliang arouuu. u3.*-^e 

and talking, Ifeluhai to the ear the hiin. He wrow a h«u^ 

vniimieers^had an unusual tone, ujaninspeciwhehad once^ 
T^ey spoke without a note rf hurry [„ 
i?^rjsptaU.=.r_yo.«. JIIOW » 


,opTohibi.<h,.p«blishmgotcrid. 

asm of gpvotimg powers. neverolavedarokmthepoliticalor 

Itiscot^yrni,,.asMr.^ SSaHaiis of Tawan. 

ot^ndes, that Uw is mudi tote century, Taiwan has 

adnuied about the crimes of ^ agricultural colo- 

Fa<r Asia and that they offer many cv demociacv. 

1 -^ trir nr*efMTi Ti9tions. Mr. 


casi ftata auu 

lessons for Western nations. Mr. 
Kbd however, has not rediscov- 
' the wheel 

JOSH DAVIS. 
TaipeL 


warmere are paia inore man u« fucked to tte author offers ^ ne ^ 

secretary of sta^ _ jp r^^ diat beckd&d 'l^ves are 10 “East Aaan ered 

“BconOimas, , ingtoiL Today the image^T>i^ thtareneeded fora “bett er wedd 

r^^iffliespondthatjf^.y ^ . is tarnished. Cymasm them reqi^ ® tospoose: 

MestiirianDeaths 

Sc^ts, not With coimirto ^hic attitudes diroogb constant with those of family and piOViol^ Flores (Jan. IS) by 

son and respect, but with -be^ disDaiaaemem of flk iodetv"Tlrisisbdiedlvthefacts: j)and Hoffman: 

dcied disbdkf." ' , ' aSi Ji ^acter oC pobfe enyfc^ \kk^s nf Western families stiug- xhc jouinaBsi indud^ sutistus 

. Mr. Bots real concerns ap^ot . At-the same lonft «ie to out ihdr children throngh qq ihenumbcr of Palestinians aM 

with footbaD players an d ^ suiprismdy, rfforts to rge mfividuals work coopera- jj^dis kflled ance the peace ac- 

tainers v*ose enormous .Incoi^ comocnsatiosaic^ to attract alfe craimanies, and pay taxes sgned . , 

KSSKSS 


^»nS Son that individnals are 

oiawu -- - from faiiffia and commnmtic^ 

ciiie and corporate careers, retig, Divorce rates arelow m soiw 

than to teadnng. Jes than many senior Asian countries (ahhou^ ^**^*15 

nunistry and <«hcr o^aiioiis ^j^^ ^piBd kwyctsjnrf^ ^apid^) in part.becausc of 

wilhapubHcsdrvicecac^ .-uCoBege and maveisriy sala^ inherent laases in ncifl>w 

■ From 1970 to J9» only aienrestnto^h^batarer^ which it«alariy av^^^of 

wat of Urer<V students imtho^ ihric*)ccSajkIev^-T^W difldren and matenai we^ h^ tmonsi 

private coD^andonly-lp«^, ^^gQjyearfoffufliaofe^ tomtly by the coupk to 
tftiiosedectedtolluBctal^pg nnv^ iHiwaabes and of the cncumsiangs m 

diose to teach in pobfiosdiowst p^c u mya? " jhe divorce. Many women ® ^ « .»¥*• 

Ahnnt the same rw^^itouBbhoybpd agn ^ ^.^ paiii, Taiwan .and tlw rest of ^ XjetTsdvRIll Be Taiwan 

rxMv m the fedeid tT^fW<i/itften:iare.imid mom m*®" -hTOln Tovdem inainaga. . 


oiven irom an — - 

nv to an industrialized democracy. 
Cianpared with the 
traumatic political 
tions of other counines. 


out lor insisuuB — rr . 

or liare of rasp in their voices. $12,000 » bolsia^ h<^ 

as I drove away, anodw «ainsi earthquakes, an <ndcr iha 

_ , voice of Los Angdes came over the saved Ws home on Jam 

\Soudl African Fnend high, tiuill tone of people gave m dee^w 

.StSSKM MSsS 


renaereu iwi nv p. - ._ _ 

intcK In Santa Monica a 

iciTni^coi^ 

■ » Sfes-S;, 




JJUl no peaw: a*.w.» • 

onW a dedaiaiion of pnitt^b* “ 
lay the groundwork fw a pca« 
aiiord if all the condinons out- 
lined in the dedaadon are ^ 

The report on die nnmbCT of 
Palestinians killed induto tiiore 

no trials wro 
hddLWhy no mention of Pal®s“^ 
• before, during w *5“ 
attacks against Israelis^; 

fay dicker. 

Brooklyn, New York. 


tions Ol OUSO- COUUmra, “ 

a shining model. After 38 yeap 01 ui 1 ^ 41 *.^#.—.— - . • 

martial law, the people of Tai^ anTTmiefui friend of Canada, 
peacefully loroW an He had been forced to flee South 

^j^ime and b^i a m^tipajg Africa for political reas(^ 

(janoOTcy mils place, in iWAuw T rirst met Patford m September oni wiui iwi«b“'-“ ^ Wc. 

elected thdrow-n par- ,^|^iS^*Siolkdinmyinier. meaning 

liament for the first tirnt n^onal relations and compar^ve parucs m <^oma- Tte 

Countries that ennaze Chma “ courses. We develops a quake and the i« 

for torturing its people, pracnemg Pj^“riendship. and the day he Pive them the chance to 

-m-. »mnnSSinE mhllrf ^th 

African passport — his uckei 
home — he shared hi s jo y ^tii mt 
He had been away from ms wife 
and chad for three years. 

He lived to be reumted with 
than. And he lived 10 see a date srt 

!f to^ nueandinthecarandautnr^ 

525Jfmn« not obscure the piBK earthquake had not altered tltepw 

death Sitiesorbasicattitudesofp^ 


tor lOnunuB i» r 

oBDOcidein'nbet.andsiii 

democraqr in Hong Ko^ for some 
reason aocepi Bnjmgs den^ 
that Taiwan and China be u^oL 
Countries eager to appease China 
for economic, diploma^ w ge^ 
litical reasons parrot the ill-fouiia- 
ed daim that Taiwan is part of 
rhinu The wctfid ignores the voice 
of the Taiwanese. But by endotsmg 
Betting’s daim on Taiwaii. govem- 
ments exacerbate the problem. 

MAYSWGYANO. 

PHYLUS HWANG. 

Taipo- 


Quake ana me care -j 

homdess gave them the 
spew it alfouu louder «d foda. 
‘l had been trying to 
myself whether the wm^k di^ 
of the earthquake som^ow ^ 

efaan^ people — 

kindS^meancr, more considerate 

or less, anything or notiimg. 

In that field on Winnetlm Av^ 


IQindauvu- , 

But we balance sheet shpws 
more bravery than cowardire, 
more govcmmeni 
rioppiness. More people fmmd 
nSeSness “diemselvcs 
more nastiness. The P®®?*® 
ing hatred ai 

S.ftiiinihTfidaonWinnedm 
Avenue the volunteers srem miu* 
more important these day^ just 
doing their work of distnbutmg 

water and reared. 

The New York Times. 


earthquake had noiallerea me per- 

SSrir^rbWliSdi.- 3b«orbasic>mmd«otpe^ 
l!wRENCt T. WOODS. pir who wool ^ ^ 

PripooG^Sh cotambia. Kriog out » ««<* of <*,1 was 


letters inraidW Jor fvWiomw 
5tonU be addressed “Uaenm m 
PjBuir’' and oMtunn the miurs ng- 
jKaare name anJfuB address. iMers 
should bebtiffand 
edaing. We cannot be responsible for 

thereaanoftmsobdtednkmuscrtpo. 



-sisr-..*.,. 

tor reconcaiatioa was a 


SStimes earn a gr aded m ore 

' fhan& avera^ ncuroage^^ 
•• >«otihetonwdk**donren*^ 
.y- to iheTaigex piobi» 


Many Arians are wj 

ihT^esD sensation of havmg Fitamn Miragp - -•- 

^ sSdS^ they discover The price tor recemo^ '^^ 
^the govcnunents tl^« FrenA 

#iN*uwir after vear were eo- to ban future saics w w 


•>.i 5 onoe 8 P niMiyw a changes m japa«» of 

pnbBc se rye. ^fj^SStSSTpaities that cor- ly tins ^ ® |>“^ F — 

uecrep - 


deoepii poiin^^T-^ MCtol&ivc subway piqjects, 
■Aiiosiu a - ruption wiD not be tolerateO. j™ ^ hrvesuneot 

•■Tmf^rfaom edaat^ A “morally wholesome esiviroor 

and an .aosfam -'Manv Aaan governments will be borne 

tiie' institutions we on ,w oeai « fairv tale. 

“Ta_^ i£V&.''S.i.vKI«m idtOOlS. SO- 


THo card 
at spcalvs > oar 
lairguagc. 


Ifor 




TOO MARVELOUS JW 

WOBDSs Tlic life ^ 

Tainn of Art Tatum 


T»v«— — - - .. egi»! I «1|CT wtHbM -M— :- KiMUSe DO UDC CUC — — r ~f f..^ t_oI,angin g mUSICai oe 

Toina of Art Tatum with Wm; in larger p^it^[*s^ meots, and even mfluence the course 

r^er MusehU music was sdf-^tm^ of those devdopmenis. 

ByJamesUner.JWpt^ kind d .oulada, no one except hnnsdt to ^ Tatum’s case as in 

Odord. ^S5lexi.r«sio.P ^ 


- r>^ 

¥ 'i V 




L-’S 


2ja^ w” jgSl^ ]i^Le8- 


A brass hand of one, is. 
jyjpDUatone^ihelustw^^ ^?Tanm'^ 
Tamm was . first and foienwst a 


b estsellers 



nenow 


Vtt * 

TDisttOSUSH.by«fff 


l3^fepASaON, HyJigre 


OF 


:,«sresE'-^. 

-“-“^Tw.n. 


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77. 


3 13 




issSSja's SBBE 

ggOW, by Pear Re^.— 

. NQNFlCliON 
iboRACEC.BY^^ 

Srs: 

SeiaMd 


12 
13 6 


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2 . 6 . 
4j li 
3 •.23 
7 '21 


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ScMwa .. — :■ ■ ■;-"r 

:• ' Aaqr.^AHcw4iu~— ^ . 

asSlTi^lss; iiy. Tiw 

. Mooie r.~«. — r— 


6 17 


8 « 


9 PRIVATE PARTS, by How- ■ 

the wolves, h</ danssB 

wMta Jaain 

■ 12 bffngtneerjng jnffi 
OHtPORATlOH. by3®*“^ 

' gawwnw and la mes U Mllff y ; 

13 H.Y FISHING THROUOT 

the MIDL^ OIKIS, by 

• HowtflRaiwB-rr r;,.^ T 
nlovexan, BU^ a 
•■ BRlDCaLbyNsoBUkaflr- ^ 
ISA mSTORY OF GOD, by 
K»cBAnBitia« — ——‘3 

ADVKRHOW^ 

■ ANDMISOIJUiNEOUS 

1 SIW THE TSSAHTTY! by 

Sunn Fowler ■=- i ' 

. 2 AGELESS BQDY, TMB- 
. IBS MIND, IV Deep* G»®- 

3 

■ WOMEN ARE FROM V& 


15 


71 


26 


13 13 


2 27 


3 36 


Estwpn 


4 2 


/.ours— was “UI*" 

that ins in e odneided 
of iazz, but that jazz cotao^ ^ 

the birth of sound 

w 4 n». as has often been ^d, re 

laige measure a music 

reS TalDffl was pcnintted byrfr 

cotdings to leave a leg^ thaio^ 

roonSc of go«r»“»s,^ 

,roddkvebe» beyond hu 
Of anyone dse S. 

Vhal Lester has written is 
raphy more in form than m f^ 

■ to so many part^ rf Ta 

fdlow whose entire {t 

^tad«pupdlhem^«^ 
fate and genios ro make. _«no^ 
Se spate M jazz biograpb« 
havcMcn iirflicted upon f®" 

cent years, “Too Maivto^ 
Wotdr siands out from the crowo. 
Just Eke Art Taium- 

Joaathan Yardl^ Is onihe stiff oj 
. The 'Wadunpon Post 


With the 

anywhere in the wnrld- ^ number listed to the right. You 11 

just dial me 

benefltfWmSpnntslt^^ 

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00800-1-4417 
800-131 
OODO-800-877 
0800-890-877 
0500-800-800 
V80O-B77-B0D0 
1-808. STFOOOO 
000417 
172-1877 
B00-111V0 
8QO-IIITI 



International Herald Tribune 
Wednesday, February 2 , 1994 
Pages 


'The Skriker’: Tripping Into the Unknown 


By Sheridan Morley 

/nfenuficMd/ Henti Tnbm 


L ondon — Let's at least Liy to 
make some sense of the title: 
Caryl Churchill’s ’’Tbe Soiker’' 
(at the Cottesloe) is a malevolent 
spirit capable of changing character and 
shtme as it iiine*traveis across the centuries 
seeung love or revenge or enlightenment 
Here, as played by Kathryn Hunter in a 
bravura turn, she can emer^ from the In- 
nards of a sofa, disguise heiielf as a beg^ 
or a wealthy American socialite, cause coins 
and 108 ^ to drop from the mouths of her 
supplicants. 

So what Is **The Skriker" actually about? 
Clearly it’s a perform in cc piece rather than 
a play, and clearly Churchill does have a 
message in there somewhere, if only about 
the power the imagination. There are 
ballets, cocktail puUes, scenes in a mad- 
house, all written in a language that sug- 
gests an unholy alliance between James 
Joyce and Spike Milligan. Sentences ramble 
on into entire acts, there’s a subplot involv- 
ing two girls in a clinic, one of whom may 
have murdered the other’s baby, and 
through it all lurches and weaves and cack- 
les the Skriker herself, a death portent. 


andent and damaged, but also as ever- 
young as Puck or Peter Pan. 

Had Caryl Cfaurchill not been the author 
of “Top Cjirls" or ‘■Qoud Nine," ^ one 
would, I suspect not have made it much 
further than a studo-worfcsfaop irnprovisa- 
don fm’ adranoed students of drama and/or 
psychiatry. As it is. Les Waters gives it a 


violent period in mining histoiy. This is a 
tough account of one man's murder and the 
whole ScaigHl industry's ooQeetive suidde. 
The auilKK' worited in the mines for several 
years, and what he is telling us U ihai the pits 
force their own disdpline, ratal to those who 
fail to understand or ob^ iL 


LONDOIVIHEATER 


mesmeric National staging, one that unplies 
that the v^ole affair could well te a dnig- 
induced bad dream or a psychedelic trip mto 
the dramatic unknown. 

We are on very much firmer groimd,_or 
rather several bund^ feet bene^ it, with 
Mike Cuhen's "Tlie Cat” tai the Bush). This 
is a powerful coal-face thiiUer that also man- 
ages to be a bitter obituary for the pits. 
rv aggi-H from the miners' strike headlines of 
a decade ago. this is the story of the man who 
was killed by a rock hurled from a motorway 
bridge, or, more accurately, of what then 
could have happened to his Idller. 

Ficiiond with a factual basis, Cullen’s 
play explores a murder and a cover-up and a 
betrayaL ^ the w hile with one eye on the 
subterranean conditions that caused them 
and the other on the aftermath of the most 


Like the courtroom “Twelve Angry 
Men’’ or the battleship of “The Caine Muti- 
ny," the pit offers the perfect closed, claus- 
trophobic environment in vdncb to examine 
human behavior at its most t^c, and what 
Cullen ^ves os is a cross-section of mining 


soda! insecuriti^ Taylot has fashioned a 

rather more Shavian d^te about die import 

ratieg of accents and attitudes in a closed 
booigeois society. James Saxon's rotund, jo- 
vial plumber knows that there is no quartet 
without him and is therefore able to clambs 
up his own ladder to social acc^tabiUty, 
princes and puritanical bureaucrats 
quake bdme his magnificem lungs. Les 
Brolberston's prodi^on rightly goes all out 
for farce. 


types: There's the Itwal worker, the traitor, 
the company man, the one vritb his eve on 


the future even if that future does seem not 
worth the candle. This is a grainy, gritty 
murder thriller that also goes way further 
than most toward e^^laimng just what did 
happen down in the mines to ^)eed iheir 
collapse and closure. 

At the Greenwicb is a joyous revival of 
Jeremy Sam^s 1992 award-wiimii^ revival 
of “Saqipd the Plimiber," tbemun^ com- 
edy about the downmaricet laborer joiniog 
an upmarket chamber qnaiw, the Ime 
C. P. Taylor carved out of Cml Stemhdm’s 
clasric, "BGrger Sdiij^" 

This is gentle readiiig of the ori^ual: In 
place of a savage 1913 satire on German 


At the Union Cliapd in Islington, Danjel 
Abioeii’s"^ Boy Johmy and tile ftopl i e fa 
of Doom” has alr^y brought down upon 
itself the wrath of the ^tbolic Cbitfdi, 
ihou^ the show seems to me abont as 
threatening to the Pope as "Ibe Rocky 
Horror Sh^’ was to Dracula. 


In one back-to-ba$ics leap we have re- 
turned to early Mary Whitehouse years, 
with reni-a-quote priests telqihoned for 
comments on shows they have yet to see 
and drama critics set up as guardians of 
morali^ in chorcbes they are unlikely to 
have visited before or since. All this is is a 
mmor rock opera with a gwd score and a 
bad book. Meanwhile, we have the BritiA 
theater in one of hs periodic fits of loony 
morality, and it is not a pretQr si^L 


Rock’s Hall of Fame, a Shrine to Nostalgia? 


By Jon Pareles 

New York runes Serme 


N ew YORK — This is 
really no time to be 
cynical about the 
Rock-and-Rdl Hall of 
Fame. The building in Geveland, 
so long in the plaiming stages, has 
been under construction since 
June; a chief curator who ^ 
siFOOg credentials in documenting 
popular music, James Henke (a 
inngtinwi Rolling Slooe editor), has 
been hired. 

But the ninth aiuual induction 
ceremonies, which took place on 
Jan. 19 at the Waldorf-^toria in 
New York, cmly made it clearer 
that the Hall of Fame will have 
difficulties rising abo>e the ten- 
sions that are at the heart of rock 
music: between art and commerce, 
between rebellion and accommo- 
dation, between impetuous youth 
and estabiished inslitutioos. 

At best, the half will RoaSy tdl 
the story of late-20tb-ceniuty mu- 
se from a rockers' perspective. But 
younger fans may see it as one last 
attempt by toby boomers to im- 
pMC their now outmoded aesthet- 
ics on rocL 

The annual event always features 



MnbeAmi/lKr 


C ' 'tc recondliaiions; this year, 
McCartney presented the 
hall’s award for John Lennon's solo 
career to Lennon’s widow. Yoko 
Odo. and their son, Sean, after he 


bad stayed aw^ from the Beatles’ 
induction in Im. vdien be died 
"business differences." 

McCartney has also patched 
things up vriih George Harrisoo 
and Ringo Starr, and the three plan 
to record t<^»her for a documen- 
tary 00 the Beatles. 

The induction ceremony, like the 
Hall of Fame, tries to ^ve rock 
some long-term memory, declaring 
that the music proceeds by evolu- 
tion rather than revolution and that 
each ^neratioQ reveres its prede- 
cessors —'b^. 00 Oedipal conflict 
here. 


In its early years, tbe cuirent 
stars presenting tiie awards would 
admit where tn^ stole some of 
thdr best licks; then the new 
members of the hall would gra- 
ciously pretend th^ didn’t resent 
other people cashing in on thdr 
ori^m ideas. At me end, they 
would all perform together in an 
anarchic jam session, as if iosist- 
ing that the music is a gnntiniiiTig 
tradition. 


sioDs have grown considerably less 
^XRitaaieons. 

This year, perfonners were read- 


Lately. as the hall has b^on to 
produce its ceremony for eventual 
television broadcast, the jam ses- 


Ttais year, perfonners were read- 
ing lyncs tm a TdeProo^Ter. so 
Axl Rose and Brace Springsteen 
didn't need to memorize the non 
sequiturs of Lennon’s “Come To- 
gfwer," as millioas of fans have. A 
sense of shared heritage dissd.ved 
into a pro foam tribute. 

The nail's niain missioa is to cre- 
ate a rod: canon: Here are its most 
important flgures, its foonding fa- 
thers (and a few foremothers). The 
implirit promise is to create a nar- 
rative rock histoiy that's differ- 


ent (and mme sienincant) than a 
simple taUy of the Tc^ 10, that 
recognizes influeotial people 
vrtKther or not were hit mak- 
era. 

But to do so, the ban had to 
awiime that thcrc were tributaries 
— blues, country, jas, Tin Pan 
Alley, rfayibin-and-blues — run- 
ntng into a wdl-ddlned main- 
stream, which the hall’s choioes 
would define year by year. 

Actually, rock has always been 
nxxe contentious than that, some- 
times defimng itsdf in opposition 
to pop (whatever that is), m tea nm- 

iM trads. genei^y sneering at 
dd fo^es. 

Lately it has been growing more 
tribaiistic, not less. And the 
tribe that cfao(^ members of tbe 
Hall of Fame, a pool of music- 
hiisinegs and musi^media people, 
seems to be dominated well- 
meaning but often myt^c baby 
boomers. 

Younger fans might wonder 
whethfsr tbe hall wiU simply institu- 
tionalize boomers' tame, “hte ra- 
dio" tastes r athCT than honor lode’s 
noise and icon-busting. 

At the WaldcMf, the roost yoatb- 
fdl rocker on stage was Dave 
Piroer, 29, of Soul Asylum, «4 k> 
presented this y«^s aw^ to 
Animals. Gro^ that arrived in 
the 1990s were absent. 



Rr-*’*':;;- 




SteteWoM eX iBtc n , 

Abdel Rahman El Bacha is recor^g and perfommg Beeihaven*s 32 piano sontOi^ ; 


By David Stevens 

IntenuHumal ffenddTrAtaie 


“Ihere wm a pubfic for Western 
musiem Beirut, testioroed by events 
like the Baalbek FeslivaL” 


P ARIS — Even in a fast- 
rfiang in g and disotdexfy 
wod4 CTosmog cultural 
boundaries is still a lot 
rarer than passing over geo^rqihi- 
cal frcmtieni, althoi^ dective af- 
finities and eaiiy traimng can make 
for excqitions. 


El Bacha grew up vnlih “a^pas^ 
sion for muric" in both traditions. 




P erhaps it was merdy an 
abenatiem — last year. 
Pearl Jam’s Eddie Vedder 
sang with tbe surviviog 
members of The Doors — ' but it 
may also rignify cmimt rock’s in- 
creasing lack d inisrtst in any land 
of rock pantheon. All the past is 
just a sample away; why act so 
re v e r e n t? 


Around midday last Sunday at 
tbe Thddtre dn Chfttelet, Abdd 


■ »» 
$300 cash 

U V O’" jJ^Thirrf Pri7P. 


cash 


^bJUUcash 

m 


Oassified Valentine Mess^e Contest 


Eveiy year on Februa^ 14th, more and more people 
use the Trib*s classified section to send a greeting to the Wentine 
of their choice and some of them get pretty creative. 


The hall's rule that its new mem- 
ber must have been active for at 
least 25 years was intended to 
riiidd choices from cuzrent com- 
merdal fads, and for a vrinle it 
w^ed; pioneeis like Chock Beny, 
Bo DiddlcQ^ the Everb Brothers 
and little Ridiard got what ihQr 
deserved. 

But tiie Imigevity of rode careers 
ptMns the 1960s are still wth us, 
and some of this year’s dioices — 
Rod Stewart. Elton John 7 - hon- 
ored commeFclal visi- 

bility as much as overwbdming in- 
fluence. 

Were Tbe Animals really more 
important thap dibble candidates 
like The Velvet Underground, 
Frank Zappa or George Clinttm? 
With the B^es already in the haD, 
does Jdin Lennon his own 
dtatioa? 

But why should any waiting mu- 
sician be so daunted by history that^ 
be (or she) ^ves up in advaow A 
true rode HaQ of Fama ought to 
l^t away now. and let posterior 
jud^ 


Rahman £I Badia reached the mid- 
way point in Us encounter with one 
Wesieni civilization's monu- 
mental bodies (rf wodt — ^ Beetho- 
ven’s 32 piano sonatas. He has 
drawn large and coihusiastic Sp- 
ences to the redtals and mD com- 
plete tbe cycle in four mote next 
season. The French Forlane label 
has Jost issued tiie ninth uid last 
compact disk of Us recordtog of 
the vast Beetiiovea cyde. 

This in itseilf does not make the 
3S-yeaK)ld, Lebanco-bom edanist 
unique, of course. Aitnr Sdmabd 
was the tot to peifttm the feat on 
records over several years in tbe 
eaib 1930s, before the labo'-saviiig 
invention of the tape recorder. Al- 
fred Breodd is also again pan of 
the way thEDU^ the complete cycte 
in the concert haH second in 
Paris and umpteenth overall live 
and in the reccHding studio. But 
tU^ are mqor exponeats of tiie 
Goman sdmd of pianism, and El 
Bacha comes from somewhere dse; 
where otlonUly and by trainmg 
tius tradition is not so obvious. 

He was bon in 1958 in Bdrut 
into a family piafessional musi- 
cians of dual cDltural background, 
so the anomaly is mere qipareat 
thjm reaL 

“My father was a professor of 
niuac a^ a compo^ m both Arab 
and Western tiaditioiis, and nxy 
mother was anger of both tzaditioa- 
al and popidar music," be recaOed. 


Attracted first to tbe viedin, he 
svritdbed Us kryalties to thepian^ 
begiimmg stu^ on the krybi^^ 
age 9 with Zvan Sarkisaan. who 
had been a pupil of Mar^iente 
I /mg and Jaapies F6viiec, two pil- 
lais of French piamsm. 

At 10 he gave Us first amcett 
wi^ an orefaratra aniL haviiig been 
encouraged i:^'C3an£o Arram,’ «t. 
IS he gave a recital that attrar^^ 
sudi a uftntion he was effect 
stu^ bouisa Biitaia. ihe Soviet 
Unicwi and France. Given Idba- 
non’s cnltural affinities with 
Fnmce and Us own eaiher studies 
the dboire was alinost obvious. .. . 

At the Paris Consemtoire he 
studied |uatm with Fietre Sancan. 
but did not liinit Umsdf to the ' 
instrument, and ewentnally left the 
conservatmre witii four para 

— pimn, ehamlw mnac, bantimy 
and coQtttetpoinL 

Ibai, in 19^ came the inttma- 
tional launcUng bad, with a onani- ' 
moiis victory am dm Fox dii Ebbfic 
in the Queen EOsabeth (tf Bdpom 
Compebtiaa, one of tim'really pres- 
ti^ous events in a world 

seiioo^ orenaowded witii coziqie- 
titioDS. But h is ea^ to be swallowed 
up m frenetic eoziceriizmg 'after such 
a tiiiwnph, aiitlFlBadiadeadedtD 
witiidraw for a few months from tiie 

(fflifyrt jterqmbU 

“I tiia^ it nss betier to 'build 


■vriKire mtdtoctuU rigor arid azistp: ' 
cntic st)4e make him the “inra' 
con^ete^ of inaiiists. Another w« > 

in 1950 at agT^^' 
niomried, and in whom El > 
^ dted the ^total taa^pateaig', 
and eqUlRmam ctf aestii^icbeauty ■ 
and eqniessive sm^lidQr." 

H Badha he bmtt a Ug 
oentered on. ^ VienMie M^ai^ 

ninnff, Ravd and wbosc 

percussive rnanne^be fin& .te^^ 




*■ ^ 

SB «*•» 


Bag 


flan QJ . • • 
Uika I"'.; 7 - 


WWBlienSi " *’■ * 


. recoBfingaDduderana i i fa iti ^ 1 
works 0 ^ U» already recorded tbe * 
two concertos) and one . of Schn- . 
wann, mdadmg the soi^ called ' 
“CWerto lAfithout Ontestia,” for ] 
idb^Impra»iedUsomvei^o^ 1 
E^ .iedoiimngs have collect 
shareof awa^ . ‘ i 


« MEDIA 




nay Tqpertory a^ to lefket a Ut" he 

said. ^ 1 didn’t take everything 1 


was offoed, I thaugfd 
wty to arrive at artistic mafiiiity.” 
His inleieft in the diamber mn- 
sic and qmqifaonic lepetiMies arid 
in composmg has colored his q>- 
pro^ to pe d o nnin g, as have two 
p^icular pianistic models, 
ilmugh zeebrangs he learned, to 
admiie particularly Schnabel, 


H e also married a 
French woman, and 
they live with theii. 
three dnidren in ti»' 
Rds exinbs. But flfiboiig 6 he has 
dual dtizendm .Us conversation, 
scraests that ac still lives in two 
wodds re a degree. 

'*1 was.bon a hfosE^ arid my 

nm«> has not nutHa ’ tiling 

altiioeigb 1 to Igncffe that 
*1 have reflected a.loL l.love 
IdanL Ttutii is eteiiiaL but rt nsuii- 
fests itsdf ' £fiierentiy. Everyone 
needs Us ioots.” 

CU tim concetf ptatfoBoa. (be tail, 
leserred punist is all sdirieiy .and 
near iimrotHG^.TEs Fxendi tram- 
iog diows mos^ in hands tiiat stay 
dose to tbekro.andia tbedar^ ef 
Us pining aUhoi^ he also seems 
to 1 m sUe m get suradsiii^ an^ 
tone when he needs XL On Corner 
i«wH Us' tffir^ for' tim Getm^ 
i^Mitaiy is icueded m Us im- 
slmwy, sttndamDy solid appr oach., . 

“After alL 1 simposeinuM is aiy 
coantiy,”hesaid 


B* i'.f’, •' " 


I Fa 

•*. s:i;: 




^ Iw .. , , 

jjwiiivii-i.-'.; , ■■ 

^adjEtar. 




Faafni '- t. . 


This inspired us to have some flin with our 
readers by launching a contest for the most original 
classified \^Jendne. Here’s bow it works. 

Print your clashed message on the form 
below — miiumum 3 lines — and mail it to your 
neatest IHT office together with your remittance 
or your cre^t card reference. Ycxir ad ^ nm cm 


Valentine’s day Monday. February I4th and that 
evening die juiy wUl meet to select the winners. 
Tbe results will be published in the IKT S editiem 
of Mo^y, Fdmiaiy 21sl 

So tmve some fun with us, wherever you 
may be. your creative juices flowing aind send 

in your entry today. 









»^!^- 


iv*-. W?i' 


S«'« * '**/•• •-X * 

s *^i *»^'*:* rf" ' 

.'if> X'-' 


Page? 


rnt^£^ He^Tribune. Wednesday, February 2. 1994_ 



THE TRIB INDEX 11 9 . 3 M 

Interhatidhd HeiaWTrtbune Worid Stodt Index O, co mposed rf 

280 Intemationaly invefiteble stocks Irom 25 countnes, cpmpiiea 

by Bloomberg Bustness News. Jan. 1, 1992 B 100. 



Asia/Pacific 


Appo)LieWAv32% 

Ckiae:134J0Pravj132S1 


A|)|)RIK.Wdi^ttV3^ 

aiKe:11&39PfBV.:120S2 





S O N O . J- S ° 



Worth America 


/i()pio*.MBighihff2e% 
aossias^Prev.: 100.11 


Latin America 


Cloet14&ttPiw-^^^* 




g^eflqacttgttnw ■ _ j 

ft O N • ‘0 • ^ 1 

"i®5 ° ^ ° IW 1« ^ 

!S?& 


Pnv. S 
tiBM *■<■. 


SS — — rrr iiRSi 116-® 

EwfW 115.71 116^ l ^SriaiTO 40^ 

UfliO 131.10 1Z?.a< __««* iiwqR 103JS ^ 

RMHce 12456 12425 ^C.57_ Cownw .7;^ 

Fof moie Wa^ ^ 


EU Warns n 
Of AidCut I 
For Steel 

God Is to Slash S 
\ OiOjaa Capfuity 
1 BvTomBuerkle 1 k 

BRUSSELS — The Europ^ 1 ® 
Comnusnoii threatened Tuesdw 
I toKmod^®«**«ds of miffions <rf 1 » 

ddlais of restructure aid to pn- J 
Tate steehnakers and open up ^ I 3 

Enropean market to grea ter no- I 

txjcis unless the compames^tt^ , 

1 pSns for big cuts in producnon j 

canadtywthin twelfths. I 

Industry Commissions MmM I 

ZTAS«£f. 

^ 1 “EUmd*“S d^ds on a 

i cut pexweedve of lasing off Of ca- 

I nM^r ”^. Bangemaire said. 

I 

® Mieru ihe compeotipn com^ 
i Wr, eJtpressSTpesa^^ 

1 w^ld 

" Ec3Sc Forum 

— zedand, Mr. van Mien said, 

-: couldnotgeittionecessaryaKjp^ 

a4 atkin from govanmats and from 

m \ ±e sted sector itsdf. 

M 1 He said he would meet ynthEi^ 
£ otcr, the European steclmd^ I^ 

F l^giocp, to see what could he done 

104 I to retdve the ptograim 

Under the commission's p!^ 

,«tf piivareoompanies aieexpertw to 

1 the vast majonty of ik w 

2 % I nillioo tons of apaaty 

iK\ Oiat are needed to restore Europe’s 
sted industry to health. 

H I Private conmanies already have 
« cot S miffion tons, Mr. Ba nf^ a n n 

— dzed cutbacks in the public sector 

5^ 1 as too Kttle. 

■0.87 I The commission has pledged 
^ mtie than 200 million Emop^ 

hdp retrain some of the thm 

*“• 1 50 000 workers expected 10 lose 

drSSi their jobs in the restruenmng. 


Japan Hits European Watt 

Rover Is Latest Blow to Carmakers’ Strategy 


By Erik Ipsen 

liuenaaoitel fferM 7”^' 

LONDON — AS ihewrids 

hi^esi-priccd and least efficicni 
mdor car markeu Europe was 
supposed to loom as ^ ^ 
luontive piddngs for the JaM- 
nese. iniw are traditioB^y ,the 

lowesi-«05t and most etfio^ 
manufactures. It has not turned 

out that way. . . 

In the afiennaih of Monda/s 
announcement that BMW wndd 
buy 80 pciceni of Rover, Ho^ 
Motor Co., which o^ the other 
20 percent of the Biitidi «wnj»- 
0/8 car operations, is left witn 
the embarrassing task of scr^ 
bling to pick up ibe piet» of ns 
European suategji. Honda is not 
alone. 

Nissan Mo»r Co., the J^- 
ni»«! car company with the 
eest investment in Europe, had a 

^ of £200 million (S300 xml- 
lion) in its Danish operanons 
last year and may yd post a 


mosi efficieni aulo ^iifacmr- ““ 

ers are suddenly finding myriad 5 jJjrttet as a whole, 
reasons to fault their strategics, i^' m ^op^K 


Camdessus Hits 
Criticism About 
Russia Policy 

..J Vm.. th^ fu 


uarei luiyN Ml M»xv — — - . a huse msaii- 

pert at Cardiff Business School Ii is ceil^ 

ffi^also noted ihm the aformcr Ford Mo- 
ans who siiL dommaie that seg- E. Lud - * . njns an 

miH.si 7 ed cars, tor Co. execume wnu 


last year and may yet post a 
small loss for the year m ns far 
larger plant in Britain. Ins^ ot 

taking the Eiaopean ™^by Honda Accords, i oyow Japanese oi 

storm from and Nissan Primeras to market emranu 

manufactonng base m S“0^' “g such strong indige- aggressively undercurangAe m 

land, Nissan b^ h^ to ^ jhe Citroen t^hed pUyers o° P"“ “ 

back its producQon sdied^es. 5. Mondeo and der 10 build up makei s^. 

Nissan turned out 246j0M Xa^, ro^^^ Poiming to the depress^ sute 

cars last year, Its ta^^ ^ ^ the Japanese have of theEuropcMauio^k^^d 

270 , 000 . A spokesmm geared up their assault the Euro- predictions of more to ^ a 

this year output could fall to as g»™ ^ ^orsi Nissau spokesm«, Daniel 

little as 200,000 umis. ^ofjd War U, Ward, conceded; Our plan to 

Suddenly the Japm^^ ^e Spanese companies as achieve producnon in Bniain of 

2d Vacancy at Federal Reserve 

.. . wdinMa, 1990, of ■?= 


3Ila WIIU auAj —S' 

ment for upper mid-sized 
“are doing anything but rolung 

over and dving.” 

Into that crowded European 
market ni^ the Japanese are 

TheT have 
taken the trouble 
to put plants in 
Europe and they 
have stumbled 

badly.’ 

KarlE.LudTigsen,aa 
antomotiTe consultanL 


M Honda Accords, Toyoia 
Ss and Nissan Prim^ to 


tor Co. executive who ^ an 
auto industry consuUany. 

‘-They have taken all the uoubU 

iopmplanisin^eP«“dihey 

have no» stumbled badly. 

\nalvsis sav a large part or iM 

problem arises from gents w 

Japan and the Umted States. Jn 
Japan, car sales have been fallto| 
for two vears: in America, ^e 
Japanese markei share, 

of rapid growth, is no* m 
in the face of sin^ com‘ 
pediion from the Amencan Big 
ftree producers. 

“The Japanese are under huge 
oressure to price their cars here 
Ss high as possible to be able to 
send profits back home. Mr. 
Ludvigsen said. 

That desperation has depti'W 
ihe Japanese of the tool of new 
. .. ......PC M.'#n.TLPhere — 


By Thomas L. Fnedman ui 

Spi York Tima S^ce 

WASHINGTON -The eng^ of oi 

ihe Iniemaiional Moneia^ Fund 

his ihsh>“h»” L 

being made a “scap^i c 

da. the West and fnisiraicd aca 
Sian economic reform program to ^ 

iSiion had hem 

matrnain a constant dialogue *iih 
the various Russian sovermnmt^ 
He said Russian leaders have w 
often been un*-UUng w “®P^ PJ 
son of basic economic refo^ u»t 

wuld&y 

lancc and ofien showrf up^ i^‘- 
inas wthoul even the mort basic 
dam needed to negou^ a 
Recent critics of IMF pobey in 
elude Vice President Al Gore Md 
the Harvard University economist 
Sffrey D. Sachs, a former adviSCT 
10 S Russian govenunmU pu^ 
lished several 

the IMF, saying that ti b^ 

too timid, risk-averse and^i plain 
slow in mobilizing aid for Russia to 

bolster the reformers. 

And on Monday, 

Bdis aid ih« 


By Lawrence MaBdn 

Inteniatkmal HeraUTribime 

new YORK - A sec^ va- 
cancy opened Tuesday on to M- 
eral Reserve BoaiJ 
dent Bm Clinioo further scope w 

reshape tobody tot oversees U3. 

monetary policy. 

The bo^s vice chairman Da- 
vid W. MalBns Jr., 47 , ^d he was 
resigning Fd). 14 to be«^ ^ 

investmeait manager m a 
Ikm-doUar investment fur^ 
former employees 
Brothers Ina Mr. Muffins, wbo 


onto to board m May 19^ 

joins Wayne D. 

■n4< next week, in leaving IL 
The immediate effect on naone- 
lary policy of Mr. Muffing dei«- 
lure almost two years before to 

S^tionofffistcmiwaa^l^ 

but probably not J" 

Iona term, to board wU iwbabiy 
^dominated by to same kmds of 
^instream cconomi^ 

Sre of a tflt toward promoung 
econmnic growth. 

One of leading canffidaies wr^ 
place Mr. Muffins is George Perry 


of to Brookings Insrituiion m 
Washington. Mr. Perry receoil^ 
scribed himself as comrened about 
^ce stability but noU for oia^l^ 
With to “tunnel vision of to 
Bundesbank. As a young eco^ 
mist he worked in 
Wffiie House, and one of hw ara 
demic specialties basj>^to rf- 
fecis of tnfiadon on to economy. 

Robert E Rubin, effief Whiw 
House econonuc coordinator, sard 
Tu^rtot Mr. cunion was 

See FED, Page 10 


fidals said mat me uvu — 

met regularly enough with Ru^ J 
officiST'Hie Amerir^ vowed to 

b m> closer track of presre^ ^ 
Sbutine«on^c aid 
and said to further U.S. response 
10 events in Russia would be driven 

^‘^SrSpS-eu.™ 

that Western-back^ 

form U not “all pam and noW 
by getting more concrete benefits 

■ ^'^•Aa^vnffingnessmprc^abe^ 

f with S4.1 billion in Amencan ad 

■ Drogramsairnedaigrai^rpoispi^ 

■ STpromoiing capit^ ^ 
§^:racy in towns ^d 

m A refusal to weaken to condi 
I tiom to'& has re.^ore^^^ 
.« more large^calc aid promi^ to 
JS^R^Ssovemmcni by to 
Group of Seven mdusinal coun 


tries is disbursed by 
*^Bui Mr. Camdessus 
organization’s lou^ 

“Tbisis the latest of the muciOT 

I hear abouL and 1 see that enn- 
cism change according to to ^ 
SSici;’ he said wiffi ^ 

ihan a hint of 

time to lime I ask 

viill be the next one m order to kill 

iS Sipeaoair This isju« 

iiial FiS’xtop. We have been^- 

rS;MSinffialoaue*ithtoRu^ 

SS authorities, both m Russu and 

here, taking eve^ 

change informauon with ib^ 

“(Se of our frustrations is that 
in many, many oceasi^ our imi- 
, lationio todialogwh^beenj^ 
wmed do*-n or the toic dam 
[ Swerc needed to dis^.^; 

: ously were just not provided by 

. the Russians, he saii 
. -‘How can you discuss the 

= anaofS.Mh's®' 

. you don'l have ihe halana of W 
a Serna of 1993?.' he asked _W 
•f when vou don i have any ciw 
J 'tStoissm take that as 
; matter on the othw 
S want to harshly enuoze the R^ 
i auihoriues. We are po«ibl> 
an iT^ knowledeeable than many 

Z SeS?%h,dmodu^ 

because ihev just donl hav« the 

jf. aSnisirauoA to people, to ba- 
it riTk^ledge. We are working 

Z ^th ffiem. Bui to teU us tot *;e 
w haw not workrf with 
in not the reality." . 

•«a Mr Camdessus said that the 
^ Fu^ would not back down ^ 

ioiaoniisiermsforRussi^d 
terms tot he said have 

ans results in countnes aU over the 

^ Fund hos already ateod^ 

JfiK S2i billion to Russia but has h^ 
S^VueafSlJhahonprorp^ 
lead until it sees steps to get infiauen 

down to to sinde-digii l^el 

But Mr. Camdessus said he was 

P J not optimisrie. He pointed to stale- 
niMki that it was ready w pnm 

™ 2 ^y mSe money to support 

'•f?o state-owned indusines and to lolCT- 

f the aretn mflation rate of about 30 
CQU 0 - percent a month. 


imwftwiww^ 


McGaim Goes Solo To^o 


By Steven Bndl . - ■ 

McCamt-EiriAsan cato to J*- 

|^* 9 [ 19 ^ it had Htfle dioice b^It •to• 

^ Sih a Japanese 

^ 10 ffin qs “^ ^^j?^JS?farto dientde, 

•'* ™ni2^fttailiodo, Japan’s second-. 

1 

^A^tsoa SoTlts 1992 biffings of 

^ SS^StomSi it sixtoWggat 

.is to 1^ 


New Bids 
FromQVC 
And Viacom 


OUR BANKING RELATIONSHIPS 
AHH BASED ON A STRONG TRACT, ON. 


from Halm- 

Ja^pmer-Todk offena-- al 

“tody, to 

.l?,5fJ??X,«2wno lednuoues in JapaiL 


COBjWBB *7 I 

new YORK — T]« ^ 

ders for Paramount fom^^ 
dons Inc. each revised 
for the entertainment and puM^ 

n>g ctmcecn as a d^lto for their 
best (rffffs arrived Ttiesd^. 
\Rsmm Tfie_ ndiose latest bid had 




ood^S^ ®dvertisiDg^^™®J^jggg partne^ 
But,^ mam^^^^.s intere^ ^ 

said Krai 


companies enter into e*<^ 
SeeADS»Pagel5 


ViacoDi inc- wunw — 

the backing of the I 

t,oayd, added secunUtt to to^ 
oSlpart cf its cash-and-st^ ofte . 

OTC Network Inc., the caWe 
jjjop^ channel 
edme cadi potion of I'sJJf ^ 
Boo-phis offer bj 

Htmvdto cuimg back on to stock 

in the second stage of its bid. 

Paramount shareholders will 
ff.*ve to ohnnate ® 

JS offer is better. They have 

untflF*.14todeade. 

The companies announ^ 10 ^ 

of their new offers at to 5 P.^ 
jjegdline tot Paranu^i set mm 
dfor.,mtostoto««^ 


mjcnangBo T T.m 

SrsOA^pereent of Panmouni 
sto^ wbife QVC raised to ^ 
portion of its offer to $104 a tore 
iroa. $92 a tore for to same 
amount of stodc. 

Paiamount, vdndi 
S 79 75 m to New York Stock & 
S^^atSSInJtosfto; 
hours, dedos said. fAP. Roam) 



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PriRitrdfe M mtanWi Siwrtifc jn, 51 ^ 

niuniHiiii*» jjj £77 jKiHiHtti e wwfc sw, 

SOBrt aCW 111 3,16 6^4 S® 

ewBm. POPylU^ 104 lU Jlreorew 

s^noU liTiuuiur TBin ^ ^ prooce 42 II 

sssss^ So sm a?sr”" 1! ^ 

KST5SSSS ^ us SS: 4^ 

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e s.iHOp Wi iewOo'* jjj lu jourer; Awers. 


JrtaolaJ ^ S 103 S to to to pgjk ^ ito 

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*«" ^ tos oto ^ ^ SLO- to 

tMYwxmi jam — - ^ <« asm ^ is** 

s* S !S w iS- s S’. SS- UB 


2? 

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smOStUP. „^.t,:Totiaifat"ttoiar 

T.robwsnefoaO'’’ 

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/ 


Page 10 

MAWCET DIARY 

Fear of Inflation 
Hits Stocks, Bonds 


INTERNATIONAL HERAUD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, FEimUARY=2, 1994 


Ip Our Su^ From Di^aidie 

NEW YORK — A ooothly re- 
port from U.S. purduan^ {Dang- 
ers that showed eoonoimc enao* 
siOD but raised worries about 
inflation dq)ressed stock and bond 
prices on Tuesday. 

TbeNatkma] AssociatioaofPur- 
chasiag Managetneni's mondily sur- 
vey showed manufaduri^ activity 
singed to a S7.7 reading in January 

H,Y. Stocks 

from 37.1 in December. It was the 
highest since 58.2 in July 1 988: read- 
ings over SO indicate an expanding 
manufactuiing economy. But the 
surv^ fanned infladon fears, with 
wanmacxmers' prices riang at tbe 
highest rale since November 1990. 

Separatdy. (be government said 
construction ^reodi^ rose 2.6 per- 
cent in December, to a record rate 
ofS513.] billion. 

The bond market reacted 
strongly to the infl^on data, with 
the bellwether 30-year Treasury 
bond fall 1 2/32. to 99 4/32. where 
its yidd was 6J2 percent up from 
6.23 percent on Monday. ‘There’s a 


FED: 2d fiuxaicy Opens on Board 


Coatinned from Page 9 
'*coandtted to the traditrooal inde- 
pendence of tbe Fed’s role as the 
protector of price stability and tbe 


currenQ.” The preddent. Mr. Ro- 
bin saitC is sedcing to ^>p(Wt Fed 
governors ”wfao will apply this with 


reasonableness.” 

Mr. Clinioo said the administra- 
tion wants to manage tbe economy 
*^rith real disdpline — that is. we 
don’t want to nave one of these 
roller-coaster things.” 

Among those mentioned for Fed 

Foreign Bccliange 

governorships in addition to Mr. 
Pnry are Alan Blinder, a former 
Princeton University professor 
who is now a member of the Coun- 
dl of Economic Advisers; Peter 
Keoen, a Princeton specialid in in- 
ternational monetary matters, and 
Van Doom Ooms, a former Q»- 
gitssioQa] economist now with the 
Coimninee for Eooaoeaic Devdop- 
inent. a business group. 

A Republican appointee and for- 
mer professor at Harvard Business 
School. Mi. Mullins was re^nsi- 
ble for die day-UHlay administra- 
tion of tbe central bank and geoer- 
aliy voted with Mr. Greenqian cm 
the seven-member board. 

He isjcmimg Long Term Capita) 
M^gement LP ^ Greenwich, 
Connecticut, which is run by John 
Meriwether. 

Mr. Meriwether left Salomon in 
August 199). later agreeing to pay 
a $50,000 fine and accept a three- 


month suspenaon to settle Seam- 
ties and exchange Commissioo 
ehar^ that be failed to superviM 
emorovees wokine for him. wtlhin 


employees wmking for him. within 
Salomon Brodiers. however, be^ 
widdy viewed as having <toie little 
or nothing wrong. 

Ndtber Mr. MuUins nor Mr. An- 
grit, an tnfiati on hawk, wW partici- 
pate in the Federal Open Market 
Committee meeting Tnnrsday and 
Friday that will start to shape this 
y^s policy and bdp dedde when 
interest rales agw start to rise; the 
Fed ebainnan, Alan Greensjaan, 
promised Omgress on Mrada^y 
rates would would go up this 
year as tte economy strengthens. 

■ Dtdlar Off Ite Lows 

Ilie dollar fdl agninst most mi^ 
currencies 'Ibesday but closed above 
its lows for the d», AFP-Exid 
News reported from New Yoric. 

The drdlar ended at 1.7310 Deut- 
sche oiarfcs after 1.7342 DM at 
Monday’s dose and at 107.6S yen. 
down from 108 J. Tlie U& curren- 
cy slipped to 5.877S French francs 
from 5.88^ and lo 1.4485 Swiss 
francs from 1.456S. The pound fell, 
however, to S1.S010 from S1.5055. 

Amy Smith, seiuor fordgn ex- 
change analyst at tbe IDEA con- 
sulting firm, said the ddlar was 
initiany unsettled by Mr. MuUms's 
resigDation, ’Vith dealers antid- 
pating that Pieddem Clinton will 
now be able to rq>lace Fed gover- 
nor AngdL and now Mulling with 
pecqile u4k> are more dovish on 
mflation and interest rates.” 


VbAfHdoMdPrM 


feding that tbe coisplaoacy about 
inflation may be utgustiTied.” sad 
Michael Metz, investment stral^st 
vritb Oppeabdmer & Co. 

Bonds also were battered by the 
surprise resignatioa of the Federal 
Reserve Board's vice diaiiman, 
David MuI^BS. Hit abrupt dep^ 
hire unnerved investors wotried 
that President Bill Clinton would 




' ***'J^* ***** F ^a* * *” ' 


Tuesday’s spike in interest rates 
set^ as an excuse for equity in- 
vesUHs to sdl stocks that have run 
up in value during the recent re- 
cord-setting ralfy. The Dow Joae$ 
industrial average feO 14 J 3 points, 
to 3 , 964 i) 1 , and declining issues led 
advancers by an ll-to -9 ratio on 
tbe New York Stock Exchange- 
Tdtfonos de Mexico tc^^jed tbe 
most-active list of the New York 
Stock Exchange, up M at 73 %. Ioict- 
est in the issue has been »ur^ by 

an upgraded price target for it and 
pttww l^ati p American lelepbone 
oonmaoies from r^™n Brtxfaera 
^st Chicago Corp. rose 1% to 
48%. A published report said it was 
a takeover candidate. 

(AP, Ktti^-Ridder, Btoombergf 


. s-r* ' T 

, 'V ' 

' !'N. •'« ••• • 1 •, t 

s. •: 

0 J F' 

’ ' ■ " irr 


NYSE Host Actim 


TriMBC 

wtfMrts 

CnMoIr 

PepsiC 

Humana 

VHNsilt 

OnpAse 

OHcorp 

RJRNeb 

Merl-vns 

M«rtk 

SoroLee 

HIman 

YPFSen 

EMCa 


AMEX Most ActIVM 


HanwiB 

MorOia 

eowBov 

EivLA 

HoSbra 

RoyolOa 

ShefldRM 

PMGId 

OrMM 

VfocB 

UUvun 

TuMtox 

OierSns 

PoiWLb 


Dow Jonos Aweragso 

open Hah Low Low Ots. 

inan *76.67 snziS 3?sras sMeat 
TVm 1BS7.44 1SUU0 1S51 JS »Sa94 — tW 
UM 22S.61 22SJ8 2S.V0 2St9 —1.9 
Comp IM6M 1447J0 1440.M WM -isr 

standard & Poors lndwo» 

HIWi LOW Close evw 
47 VA 2 — IS* 

spin S&n 44M 4M2S-1.M 


NYSE Indegeo I 

MW! Low Lost Cbo. 

Composse U 7 .I 3 266 .ll mM —U 7 

(nAMriols »je 33 &I 9 39 SJ 0 _aiB, 

Tmsp. tt&n 8 B 3 .W 3806 - 4 ).^ 

UfflltV 33 DJS 326.01 336 JU —SA* I 

FWwice 324.90 32 X 70 224 JU — OJU 

NASDAQ Indexes 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


OomPosUe 

Indualrials 

Bonis 

msuronee 

nnviee 

TrwKp. 

Utawn 


796Ja 79&3S 79saa 
83&61 B3Z.4S 833.41 
TOJ 9 700 J! 700 JS 
9081 939J8 93940 
901.97 B994I 89948 
78941 786.17 78941 
IS34S 161.70 18241 


HM 

Low 

1.00 

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70*6 

73*6 

tV6 

37V6 

26*6 

28*6 

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4016 

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19R 

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+ «6 

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38*6 

3896 


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4316 

—•A 

7*6 

716 

716 

— *■ 

45*6 

43*6 

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34H 

0*Vk 

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2246 

*16 

22to 

2146 

21*6 

*R 

SIR 

27H 

28*6 

— 1* 

21*6 

20H 

SPA 

+ *6 


AMEX Stock Index 


488.19 485.99 +041 


Dow Jones Bold Averages I 


»8on* 
louilimes 
10 IndisIrKila 

Market Sales 


CIOM CV88 

W138 ->048 

VS43 — OjOI 

10744 — al4 


Hfoa Low Prav.CHSt 


fT imft CLCei 

enSSpwwwrlciBB i oia 8110 lew 
Otar 8 S 6 857 m NX HA 

MOV aw a» or — — 

Jid 873 874 «1 .. fm . — 

StP 89 S 8 M m m — — 

D 8 C »M 715 W Si . — — 

MOT N.T. WB 90 go - - 

Mar N.T. 90 90 M — — 

iPi N.T. 7 S 3 «9 «9 — — 

sap N.T. 964 N.T. N.T. — — 

Me m 980 N.T. N.T. — — 

Eat. volume: U 411 . 

COPFEStLCE) 

Pa Baj pBfHiBliletBH-loloalsiaM 
Ator 1 .M 9 1 .U 0 1.161 1 .M 9 — — 

Mar 1.187 Un 1.168 1,156 — — 

JOl 1.146 1447 1 . 1 M 1,146 — — 

Sop 1.146 1.148 1.156 1.146 — — 

Hev 1.146 1.180 1.185 1.180 — — 

Joa IJ 46 1 . 1 S 0 1.10 1.10 - — 

Mor 1,10 1 .IS 1 N.T. N.T. — — 

Eat volume; 4494 

Mok Lew Oan CMe 
mitTs sucMt (Maim 
OoHari P 8 raw*rlc l aw fa n 0188 >B 88 

eat»eaw».-aB 37 . owHfcit; laga ■ 

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pgnw d 06 im 1360 M 123340 133 M 0 

COPPER CATNOOSS (HM Orod 8 > 

Deflors par fl*BM too 

apw ^ 186448 186540 U 4440 184640 

Fnymrd 188840 W 894 D 118740 188940 

LEAD 

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Spn_^ CM SD 940 80640 80740 

PoTMrd 8 B 14 D anjD S 1 E 80 51948 


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NYSEDIaiy 


AdvancMl 9 Si 1396 

Decfbifd 1180 733 

unetMneed 646 ol 

ToMlisuea 3780 2767 

NewHIgha 13 S 207 

NmrLoM 13 13 


NYSE 4 pjn. volume 
NYSE prev. cant, dose 
Amaa 4 pjh. volume 
Amea prev. com. ciese 
NASDAQ 4 P 4 H. volume 
NASOAOprev. 4 iun.vohHne 


N.Y.S.E. Odd-Lot Tradhig 

Euv Soles Sherr 
Jen .31 1 .OT 416 LSB 9457 48483 

Joan 14S0B7 L46is 

JolS I.M 411 MTUB 51 ,W 

Jen.a 4 1421432 1476 ^ 32.968 

Jan .35 144 S 449 1413471 +M 83 

*/POtadSl 747 J» 93 afc 84 ^PWVE 

S&P 100 Index OpUom 


Jaa.n 

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Amax Dlaiy 


Advonoed 273 300 

Dedined 3 U U 4 

Undwnaed 238 330 

ToMllsaues 8 Si HQ 

43 47 

NewLovM 6 7 


NASDAQ Diary 


Advemeed I 4 S 9 1829 

Dadined 1666 1320 

undumeed i 647 1619 

Toulissuea 4773 4768 

NewHIPM 178 2 S| 

MnvUMn 49 34 


ao 67 R Uk -' 
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total open n>.<r7,w 
toU open 611412.01 


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I S»ilO SNOfig S 7 S 04 D SSS 40 

I Donenpormarteian 
Spot muo 834548 04040 aOQO 

DoUara pernMilG tea 
ta pi . SiSa 99888 98740 9 |UB 

I P erword MlS 40 171640 100740 110840 

I FImneU 

Hiab Low ana Cboopo 

I Mnr 9 «J 2 9448 9440 —041 

JM) Hn 9441 MJ 9 _Offl 

SOP 9444 944 ) 9442 -001 

OfC 9441 9440 9449 UndL 

, Mar 9443 9440 9441 +041 

: Jaa 9 U 6 91 M 9445 +an 

I IS. S*J 2 +80 

Doc H 36 9441 9446 +045 

MV 9442 9440 9442 +844 

Jun 94.10 9446 ' 9449 + 004 

EsL vafuna: soffs. Open biL: 420104 . 
3 -MONTH EURODOLLARS CUFFS} 

81 *01100 - pto Of Mi pel 
MV 9663 MiO 9849 — OAS 

Job 9841 9641 9647 —046 

SW ^ 9 SJS- 9546 —047 

Dk M 63 9841 9549 —007 

iSZ 9846 .9542 —049 

Jaa N.T. NX 98.19 — OoDf 

Sw N.T. H.T, 9508 —041 

Eaf. veluma: 987 : Open uiL: 11404 . 
OdOOffniEUROillARKS (UFFEI 
DM 1 mBHon - Ms el 1 * Pd 
MV 9445 9 +fi 9442 Undu 

Jdk 9402 «S 9449 UndL 

Sep cu* 9 s 3 fsm iHKf). 

Dec ^1 KM fU 9 +041 

Mor 1 X 55 l£n 9543 +041 

Jon 9809 fSS 9100 +084 

SO) 9807 98 S 9046 +042 

Dec 9 S 41 9544 9 SL 45 +041 

MV 9 S 46 9545 9125 + 041 

Jun 9505 9 SJ 4 9523 — 80 ) 

Ed. volume: 6 * 452 . Open Int: 881424 . 
LONGGILTnj^E) 

S 84 H • Pis R 8 tads V 180 pd 
MV 11 M 2 1 TB-M 118-18 —Ml 

JW 1)844 IITJD T 7 MI_— 0 dO 

ed.vduma: 67494 . Opan loL: NII 435 . 
CBRJAAN eOVERNMBIIT EUND (UFFE) 
DMlSROOi-PlSonflPd 
Mv 10068 10046 10041 — 0.10 

Jan 10144 1 WL 40 90045 —all 

estvotanie; 99489 . Own ftiL: 16 X 011 . 


HIgb Law OaOa Qwoso 

IndifsirMB 

HMb LOW Lad SoDIa CMa 

6 ASO)L(IPE} - 

UA doim per molrieiBn-loli aim loM ' 

Fob. MAS U 240 M 440 M 44 B +L 7 S. 
MV 14550 1 « 4 S. ms U& 5 D +Ui 

, Agt 14 SM 14179 M 4 S M 4 A +IJ 0 

MOf USJS 14200 MLSO iSn +l 3 

I JOB 14445 1040 . 14 ^ 14400 + 1 S 
M 14548 14340 1 ^ 14 S 25 + 1 S 

A«D N.T. N.r. N.T. M 7 J 5 + 1 S 

S N.T. N.T. >LT. 18040 + 1 S 

N.T. N.T. NJ. ms + 0 S 

NOV 14 . 1 ; N.T. N>. US 40 + 1 S 

DOC 10640 15640 18480 18640 + 140 . 

. JOR N.T. I 4 .T. N.T. 15740 +140 

fid. volinw: 12346 . OBon Oit. injio 

BUNT CRUDE OIL (IPE) 

uSTdanora pv tonii-iots at L 8 H kvmt 

Atar U» 14.10 UH U 72 +E 80 

Apr l+n n .90 U 51 1442 + 044 

Mor MS U 05 MS HM +M 

Jm - 14 tt 1441 . 14 £ 1442 +041 

Jel MTS. 1400 1400 1400 '.+048 

API MS . R 4 S. US U 8 Z +U 7 

SOP |i^ »LT. N.T. 1442 - + 8 L 27 

OO N.r ' H.T. N.T. TS 4 I +ES 7 

NOV 144 S U 0 S 14 S 1840 +037 

. EsLvolenie: 3 X 863 . QpenM. 3 X 809 ' 

Spat Ce w moMtlae • ■ 

Cemmumy TMov Prav.' 

Alumiwm.e 04*4 ‘ 0482 

Co ital. B rofa* 0445 .. 0648 

Capper alidr u ivttcio OSH. 0877 

lnnFQB.ton 21340 ' 21840 

Laod.* '034 . 044 

SUvcr.iroYv ' - aw +« 

Staal( 9 ra>.lan 13 X 03 "13343 

Tkb lb . . n& 34 I 89 - 

Zlnclb 04 MS 04777 . 

^oek Indexes 

PTSEMKUFPB 

OSpvladexpatar 

Job . 33304 34900 34 B 4 —74 

Sm N.T. RX 35144 —74 

UoL volume: 17011 . Opon lot: TVSa 
Sdoreaf.' RMMr» AtaPft A MwtOUW - Tlam 
Londbo mn .Fmenaol ^dwos BidnwR 
mW F efrPtaPn g ae PonpR 


DtvMende' 

CWWT PV Aim 

- INCREASED 

CoadPMOlntaM D 46 

vomodoiuiy 5 40 

i INITIAL 

Fd Indepondanea' . S 

VwKmMarvmdM _ 489 

' IRREfiVLAR 

Community Bkdirs . M ' 

Cempnle.BalvBnrB x .10 

PadanolCem . JM 

it P inm witayid per ADR. 


U.S./AT Tf«J;|^ 

Panic (3ainis Victoiy at 





>■16 >9 

>10 2-M 


3-11 MS 
2 - 1 S MB 


24 3 -U 
3-1 3 -U. 
M 341 


Ml 3-1 
248 3-11 
■ M 2-U 
M >S 
M 343 
Ml - Mi 
Ml 248 
2.11 2-20 
Ml 201 
M1 2-20 
Ml MO 
M- 301 
M MB 
MS M 
2-7 M6 
M 2-11 
M 248 
Ml 24S 

1- 10 M 

2- 10 .20* 
2-7 240 

MO 

1-10 2-18 
Ml 248 
M 341 
2-11 248 

Is >M 
lu 2-U 
Ml MS 
24 -M3 
Ml 245 
Ml 2-S 
MS MO 
141 M 
141 M 
toodu m- 


Ferrari Courts Cham’s Entreprmeurs 


BEIJING — Ferrari SpA. Ital/s luxuiy carmak- 
er. opened iia first showroom in China on Tuesday, 
confident that entrqireneuis in ibis land lust 1^ 
their fdlow capitalists everywhere for prestige and 
horsepower. 

Four such buyers already have emerged. One of 


them bou^t a tqp-of-the-Une Testarossa, Spend- 
ing S700.000 by the time be had paid China’s ISO 
percent car import taiiff. 

Scores of C^ese gawked outride the new glass- 
and-marble showroom. RoDs-Rcryce, Mercedes 
and other ostrotatious brands already are doi^ 
wdl in China. A spokemian said Ferrari win prom 
handsooidy if it sdls just 10 to 15 cam a yev. 


to riuirdiolders month, Mr.Klim ^ 
ftto board *1n OBgIfrnBnd®d|Hnsurt of hfa 

thal-tbe'dhaintim's presence was.hoituig the stock pa^ nn cibr 

• Mr.'lttanMidMr.Pamci^^ 


I I ii mi i il- ■ ■ v tauB ta * canpdoa 
MOElBlrraRaErtarir/ iiwd ■■ 


£oro IKsnef Audit Ddbr^ 

AFP- Eaet News 

PARIS — An audit ^ KHMG 
Prat Marwick oil Euro Disney SCA, 
which was to be presented on. 
Wednesday, has been dd^cd far 
two weeks, sources said, and ^ 
creditor banks wiQ get a 
rqi^ on XXsney’splammig propose 
als mstead. The aoefit was requested 
by the banks before talks wim Walt 
Duney Cd on apossfi>leiefiaaDO- 
ing of its Euro Ihiaii^ unit 




bnsm^ventiireB,noml^ia'dtoaiilnremdnstiy-, r .^ra 

lacocraOqntiti &oupwmbebas^ml«s Ang^ 

mowd after retiring froin Chnider qp JaiL 1, 1993. It win arrange 

fwMTiring frtr ¥mtnTa 8 .«ad hmd equity Slakot ID tiieaL 

Mr. Wca. 69 , wm teehahman of 
nwestom advi«i wffl be pierito and Wabm Ella^ 

Nathan Todd & Go, an asset manMohent firm, pjen dent or tw^ 
Afflong ICG's iratiai yeotorra ^be new tevemm souicra to tg 
airitoe^ustiy. It & in talks to provide mxetacjwe tenran^ w 
aii]smpasseiiges& Tlie piqto js draigned to mow *L2S2?ia* 
passeMps to waidi mow^.sb^ pl^ games or do ptl» cco^ 

,bbmmaseat& •• , 

iOG and Jefferies Qsaap fiib., « aecoritira tadh^hp^ tomeda 
affiance, lacbcea C^tal Ptotners IJP, wh^ .dase^^ 
b^ess from its Los Ang^ hesdquaiteis and an office m Southfi^ 
>BdwgaD.. . _ 

Mn^ See^ InjuDction on Metstil 

TORONTO (Kni^Riddo) — IntemarioDal Musto Eqiloratkms 
Ltd. has. aHesd ihat Metoll Mwnng Co^- and .McLean bfeCarthyj. a 
Tcronto-basu seeurides firm, had unlawnily osed oonfidential data to 
solkA sha^ saffi 

. Metal], . 51 percent -hrid Ire Metallgeiidlschaft AC CennaiQr, 
l ywirfiarf a hffltf ile 23 2 fianaiKan Aii?ar(yt 74 u 4 .iiiiBiool takeover 
Ud last wedt toMorio. Mnstb baa apnmed the offer, ^ hashist^ 
signed an agreesmt with MIM Hddmgs LM. of AttstraK ate die joint 
devdofaneot ito Ahmihrera ocyipergoU 
MetaB-s^ dial Muriowaaseei^daBM^ as vrefl as a anymetioD 
prevoiting MetaU from recewnreforthre ooafidentialiintoiiiaticxt and 
fran.fnrtoer mt^erence vri&.oiuisess xdatimis between Musto and 
MIM. According to MixaR Mdi^ McCartty has said that it'has not 
Hiadnaed uTiy cmBHentiol jwffln wariftQ.nw M m^ Ift MAfaP- 

Charges GiveRjRa$461 MfllionXjbss 

NEW TORK(Uoomberd ’^RlRNab^ HqbSnpOnp., wbi^ 
seen domestic tobacco ecode ns a xesult of a price war m ^ 
indnstiy,' on Monday posted a loss fbrlhe fourth quarter aftoS 499 

ntiOkm m charges to lestnictnrii^ and' eati^ 'd^ xetnemeni. 

The food and tobacco g^ant jaid it had aloaa-of Iddl mflEaxin the 
fonrdt quarter, ooaqiarBd"wtth.&et inoome^ SdS.miffiai) a year eaifier. 
Revenue rose M peK^ to.$ 7 . 72 .faiffia& 

RIR to(k a chaige bf $457 hufficm:t 6 'coiW .a.iesbito^^ 
vriikh ^ ctmqMmy win cu 6 , 00 Q joba.Tbe:o(»iq^iqr,tite tow'a c 
ofSSZnuffiidntdaiedtoeaify.debt ietiiaauau.. . ~ - 

• PiqiaiOo Inc. said fourtit^uaiter fiided W denied boa- 

ness, rose 57 perceril, to $ 442.3 mil^ from aytomdr. (BbarAerg) 


ForlheRecord 

Sexiaid AviMdpx xmI Affi^ 

up a joint venture combiniiig .meir m 
con^Rmy said. 

EsBlaian Kodak Ca. said fourtfar^tf 
percent, to mUfion. from 5299 nnDia 

down, to $434 bflfiott from $435 biBinnr 


leir anomies :'bnriiiiesses, j^f^FnaKfa 
(AFP) 

iT.i993.pnA had Mien: 33 
ayear eaifier. Sales WE» also 


\a\/waX) MJ ajuaa\/aa axwua, (^w*e,9a^ 8wiaieviao» ^ ^ 

JofaBMxAJohBsmsaiditsnixpro&jciro.Rlpcac^ 
in the faalquaitertrf 1993, a m qMTrf wife theyeatHriificr period. 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


U.S. FUTURES 


SWDM SOeEKI 



Grans 

WHEAT fCMT) MMViiliaiMii 
2 MR 200 Mor« 301 X 72 347 R 

172 340 MV 94 U 3 R US 1 S 1 R 

18 * 2.96 JWW LOW IM 341 

10716 182 ItpSa 1 «R 34 F 6 XOI6 

14 * 109 DK« 180 3 JI 14916 

137 in JIA 9 S 

ea.SGtoi HA. MBrTRNtaS 12428 
Mgl*l6P WlW 41 65 * 08 1979 
WHEAT ocaen mwviie*ihi awim 
192 281 Mor 94 185 X«S 159 M 

109 R 298 MoyM 181 151 14716 

IS 297 JWW 349 H X«M IM 

1 S8W 10 n 6 Sv 9 « 14016 141 R 139 

IM ll 2 RDK*i 14 * 147 W 148 

1 SF 6 ICKfMvVS 

EsLVH 8321 Mon^Mtes 4411 
Wart o certW 3 * 4*0 off I 3 E 
CORN ( 007 ; Atwvn+AIMI m 9 w»—U 
111 R UORMvti 201 20216 2091 b 

114 R 20 FbWlvM 196 197 2 M 1 b 

11416 241 JulM 207 190 29516 

19 ZR XABHSmW 20 VH 2 JDV 6 2 J 9 

2036 i UAViDmW IMV, 24816 241 

2091 b 281 RMV 9 S 27016 ITDR 2 W 16 

2 J 2 203 MovfSlTKbi 20416 27391 

IBR 209 JulfS Z 0 SM 20 * 208 

2 JM 25 IR 0 K 9 S 2811 % 25 M 2 S 7 V 6 

E 9 .SI 8 B HA. Mwi'isatat 4 X 977 
«tan->e mn W_MM *« off am 

SOYBEANS ( CB BTI tmmi 

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731 S 92 RMev *4 6 J 0 I 6 68W* 680 

7 J 0 IfflbMM 60 IR * 041 * 4909 k 

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U*V 3 417 SmW 4409 k 441 440 

7 . 5 Vk SJSVkNawW 4 «R 44516 442 

800 4 t 8 tkJanT 5 4479 i 48 D 4 « 

402 Vi 40 MwfS 

603 44216 Jli 95 

4 JD 9 k ISIIkNvH 421 422 4 J 91 b 

EHsotos HA. Htan^Ntas 4 B.M 0 
MtonYopanH U 9 J 3 5 off 4197 
RnwBANoreAL temm w»w» 

23780 18 S 40 MV 9 * I 9 SJB 19540 I 9 C 80 

23280 UU 0 MV 94 1*480 19*40 19480 

23000 inJIJutM 19480 194*0 19400 

23380 11 B 80 AUB 14 I 93 J 0 191*0 19120 

ntao HU0SCP94 ifijo wiio 19000 

20480 IBlBpOdH UX8D UBJO HUD 

30980 UDOkW 18789 HM IW 0 D 

WOOD w 70 DJanH moi mao wjo 

Estsotos KA. Ueaf^aom U 4 W 
MtonYMitot 9 B 0 a V 19 * 
SOYBEANOB. (CMT) (UNV-dalnwli 
30 » 2 I.I 2 MIV 9 * lUS 2947 2802 

WAS 2 IWIMm 9 < 3 US 29 . 1 * 8 U 2 

2900 21 . 8489 * 2 U 8 lUO 2 X 80 

2900 21 A 8 AUOM 3 U» 2000 2180 

2841 22 ADSm 9 * W 45 2705 vS 

DAS 211000*1 8*20 2*45 3441 

2480 UODteW 24 U 2600 3681 

2 LSS 2 Z 4 SJon 95 2495 W 85 SiS 

2841 2 UBMar 9 S 2820 3 X 2 D 3820 

Etf.vms HA. Nton^Mn 17476 
TMn^tPcnin) 9240 m 3 H 


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tur Open. laSi Lam 

dooe 

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11 A 5 

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0*9 IBflOeeM 1IN 1200 1183 1179. -9 4870 

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IM nil«ta0*9 1290 TWO 1221 1221 —a *401 

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13540 MUD JUN 10M0 MMO 10IAS 10X35 -040 1028 

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10440 lOBOONvO* 1I3A0 

13240 nUIJOPfO . 11SJD -045 40 

mss 1Q840MVK . 11540 ^45. 

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B 07 E' O 03 iS 9 m 9 ( . ".I 09 M + 4 . 98 ) 

l) 0 ge IW 1 SDtc 9 « 0 JE 8 80 as XJ 48 I 60308 "+4 -444 

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Atamopmiw : 87404 oirn. 

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8 j»mAMC QC 3 M 30 liiiionn liiMiuiitaWtail 
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M 6 AM MM MMto.UK n .261 : ™ • 

Ntontomnlra 4 X 7 n. w 07 - 
























t-W'ii' :r:l 




^^Ji\ L> liSrfi 



international alp ralBUNE, WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 2. IW 


Page 11 

EUROra 



la 


an 


a? 



Turkey 


Bull Turns Tail 


Did Leader Boteh Currency Crisis? 

1 - kiinTina ^lill Pn i 


Trading 
Resumes 
In Banesto 


Investor’s Europe 


Frankfurt: . 

DAX 
2400 . ■ 


London • Paris •. 

toTiOO I ndex :.CAC40 

3500* 


. CenfUei^PtrSu^ffemDi^a^ 

FRANKFURT — Lufthansa 
ACasopeivisoiy board has agreed 
to make indepeadeot units a the. 

' {urliDe*s frei^t, . ground sendees, . 
techndogy and dala-prons^g 
bii spiesses ahead <rf privatization, a 
s poT ffr ffnan Said Tuesday. 

' ThedeoaoQv/asmadeinpiinci- 
pie on Mond^, the ^Ktesman 
said, li Would increase the number 
d units at tj»fthanM to tune. 

But details have to be settled 
by the managntent lx»id, whidi 
answers to the sqtervisoiy board. 


lexas Instmnw 
Dro^ Dresden 




.^gmer fiafir9*PMw 

MUNICH — Texas Instruments 
In& amtounced Monday it has . 
^fmped plans to set a NDkn- 
dr^ pU& to inalce cooiputer chips 
in Dioden because Sfemens AG is 
b\«lding a awnlar facUXy tbetC. 

The Bead of Texas Instruments’ 
German snteidiary, Wolfgang 
Gloeckle, said the new plant would 
not be btult in Germany. He add^ 
that he did not yet know where it 
would be located. 

Industry sources said Tocas In- 
stnimeats canceled the'^rqect be- 
cause it had been banl^ <» le- 


in any case a disagreenieni ovo 
future re^touabOi^ for eni(doyee 
pensions Im to be ironed out beftOT 
.IrgalW todis be set 

19, the ^^Bsman saud. 

"The aim vnil be to; dividc 
gioiqt into smaller , units or dm-, 
sions vdiich' will be mese maricet- 
oiient^ and easier to control 
■said a ^)okesman, Peter HSbel ^ 
TnfttMHMM’ s managismeni board 
- win decide whether these or any 
wrictiiig rniit wiD be spuxi off mto 
separato ccHupanies, or whether 
ll^ stay as diviaoas witbm 
the parent, he'said. 

The reorganization is .P^. of 
Lufdiansa’s efTottsto get its.hoo» 

in Older as it prqwtes for sale to the 

private sector. 

That s^e is being hdd rp I9 ^ 
Almit' fttvins for 


By Thomas Goltz 

So* Y«rk Times Serrice 

ISTANBUL -Turkey*! bou« was one erftte 
world's strongest tin maikets to year, chai^^ 
A ZltSuia m vAinein dcdlar terms. And for 


congest buD maikeis wsi yew. 
flhMd "tpiin g in value in ddlar le^ And fOT 
aheadanu^^^^ looted like it would 




fetirCTOcnt uisunnoc. 
persoond count as puUk enq)1(y^ 
ees and are covered by a state- 
backed iosurance organization 
known as VBL, for Versichen^ 
sanstalt des Bundes ft der Und«. 
Once the govonment’s st ake, m . 
lofthimsa Srops bdbw 50 percent. . 
staff mil thraieticalbf lose 
yratiw as public eo^doyees. 

Ihe.iffbfailBm is vAether Lufth- 
ansa or ^ government should put 

mmuy need^ to 


Cf| vm g gOVemiiKm auwaiuwe 

wlndi Siemens wfl) now benefit 


YBL pensions. Ana^ts cal c u la te 

that up to 3 biDto Deutsche manes 
(S1.73bflHon) mi^ be needed 

(AFX, Bloomberg 


a few days 

STBot . g«ai« f«ctor is 

bSed handS^rf « 

SS tSestois to the Amencan 

one^ta sure ^ 

lent the 

TiiBA to would firm. But to 
she had to abandon her program 
P«t rates low She raised rates to defend ^ 

curreoCT, which at oiw p^t had su^ wa^ 

low of 22,000 to to the dollar on the qiecutauve 

“S d? suxft exdtange 
banks, indoding Is Bankasu .beM bidto^ 
Mie* iH# Riunmma mdex, a procw 


caoiia] came bargain bunting. Still, no cw is sure 
that the worst is caw. “There is 00 confid^ m 
the market” said Yavuz TezeUer. a dealer with die 
Fonn brokerage bouse. “Loc^s ^’““8 for 

some agn of an upturn before buying ^ m. Too 
manylScverythinsrheymadeov-erihe past three 

months to gamble right now. 

In the United States, the Turkisb Investment 
Fund, which trades on the Nc* York Swk ^ 
change, has lost about 23 
the begnming of the year. It doubled in 1 
I^SISis have been har^y mued 
govcnimeni’s handling of the mas. Salab Sabanci, 


whose Sabanci Holding mcludes the local Good- 
yemTire and Kraft Foods businesses. biiiCTly 

Lashed 


IJC ana NTBII row* yuamwow. 
out at Mis. Ciller's economic team, accus- 
ing it of amateurism. 


ing it of amateurism. 

“You won’t get investments out of 

only iTKwe inflation, innauoBuiiinaiion. 

leaders. Last vear, mflauon 


onlv more mirauon, uuwuuu, uu..*..— 7- - 

^tSTof ^ 

was about 70 percent. 

Even Mrs. Oiler's erstwhile pohu^ patron, 
Prudent Suleyman Dcmirel bad harsh 
tbe govemmeoi’s muddled resM^ 

-It dOT’i take a genius to imdersi^d “J 

problonis— amassiveexcessmliquidity, betold 

tte Hnniyei newsp^. . 

Observers say it was precisely ^ 

• «- t . tWa ««i\Mt/hmAnal luniD is Tunc* 


Aare prices 10 raise tbe dunymgindg. a] 

that continued at the end of the ' 


^7rSffcalIy trying 10 rid 

SnSSSed shares while keeping a keen ear 10 the 

floor for future bargams. . 

“ThcDartvisover, one young dealer said, jtis 

«;rpbori of the to year gives 
way to a new realism.” 


The AssonaieJ Press 

MADRID — Stock traders on 
Tuesdav got their first crack at Bm- 
esio shares since Spanish auihonlie 
fired the board of the oounirys 
fouflh-laigcTu bonk five weeks^^. 
Shares in Banco Espahol de Crediio 
closed at 855 pesetas (S6.07). 

Thai was just 42.9 percent of 

1,995 pesetas share pnee on 1 ^. 

28. the dav trading was suspendea 
and the Bank of Spain took wntrol 
of Banesto. The stock opened Tues- 
day at 800 pesetas. 

Traders said the stock probably 
closed hiaber than expected be- 
cause invtttors were spccmating 
ihai other Banco Sanunder or 
Banco Bilbao \Tzcaya would take a 
major stake in Banesto. 

The National Stock Market 
Commission announced Bancsw s 
return to the market on ThursiMy 
after the Banesto chairman. Al- 
fredo Saenz, provided prelu^^’ 
details on ihe bank's 605 bdlion 
financial shortfall and on 
plans to refloat tbe bank. 

The Slock marktt commission 
had suspended trading in Banesio 
to coincide wiib the Bwk of 
Spain’s decision to dismiss the 
bank’s directors because of severe 
financial problems. 

On Fridav. the large Spanish 
banks agreed 10 support a plan m 
which Banesio will help plug Je 
•ap between its assets and habU- 
ftitt with 244 billion pesetas in re- 
serves and 49 billion pesetas in 
iuil mustered through a noimnal 
share price a^ustmeni. 



Exiihange ... Ctosh Chanel 

’■*tsv •• • 43W4 438.71 • i0.e8"i 

Amsteettot.. ■ 

Brussels 


^mriefurt ' 


•tSSISS ■■ ■ ■ 

— . ' ■" ■1178.67 


- HEX ■ 1^ 64 ■ 1 . 8 S 5 . 66 - -H ..78 

3 S 6.89 


'mb' 


. 1-flBS.OQ . ..l.<)45JX> 


• gL8gS.71 2,334.36 -t>«» 




1.093.29 -0.85 

Inienutieul HenW Tribui* 




. Beoettoa Sp.A plans to raise 265 bOUon to through the sale of up 


to ID 


millioo shares at 26,500 lire eacn 10 Periodi- 

• United Newspip« PLC s^J^^’^Vor^SlOO milUon. Harmon 



CLTffiENCT A\T) f APltM \LIEKET SERMCES 


Frenc] 


Kama 

p/^KlS — Prime Minister 
Edmufd Ballador came under to 
' Tuesday from his own centcKi^ 

.coalition for cccmamic m easures 
judged too timid to reverse record 

.““S riSSrf Mr. BaBadni's m 
■ n.11,. (mt *tui R«nunuc 


tile absoce.of payrollrm exemp- 
tions 10 encom:ate ®M<^^ 

exeaie jobs and of measures to bap 

j^mihes. ■ 

Tim padkage feanired mceotivm 
to buy new cars, improve tones 

andentorragp theeni^w 

-...I 0Jm1n^W1^TK. ' 


“Let US stop moeasiim sdective 
exenmnmis uom payr™ dediK> 
ri f«ns tied to con^licaicd condi- 
tions vriiich discourage small a^ 

J 1 (WM «alr- 


Ga'slis. 




party, Jeao-Louis Debre, - 

ihc govommeait padcage to beto 
'consumer spendii^ and cnconrag 
job creation, which was unvaiea 

“Good, but could have bto bet- 
ter," Mr. Ddwfe told the newspaper 
Le Monde. “This does not corre- 
spond to the altemative pohtgr we 
.wish to see on «np|oy^. 

.. Mr.DcbrAio^.of.*Bej^^ 
le^et, Jacques Qnrac, singled^ 


Mr. bairi’s barb 
asm by the Union forFrenA De- 
:iBoctay, a 

Madur’sooahnon,aiidby theto^ 

mcr prime minister Raymond 
'fiaiK^ now a legitiator. 

■ In an interview with tte new^ 
ner Le Figaio Tuesday, Nfr. 
' Srre caD^or a radical <*«>f « ® 
enqiloymeot policy 
“Smnent’s “cosilY homeopathic 
troitmaii” ofunen^iloynwit 


iQ£ them up,” Mr. Bam said 

Asked to eaqph^ Mr. Bdlai^ s 
wide populaii^ despite laxjrd 12 
percent urienqilqymeoi* he said; 
“People are loolang for a bit w 
tranqirility, they don’t want wve^ 
The prime mimster doesn’t distmb 
people’s tranquility and avoids 
mal^ waves.” 

Tiadeunions, the Socialist oppo- 
sition and many media commuta- 
tors derided the package ot Mon- 
day as a TnaiL order catalogue <» 
measures. Industoafiste and 
private economists praised it m a 
modest, low-cosi growth stimulus. 


Q)Btbiiied from 9 
300,000 cars^has been put back a 

^OTlfonda. which makes 50,000 
cars a year at its British pto^ ®?“ 
Toyoti which makes 100,000 umu 
annually in Britain, the nee^ 
pcpnnmtes of scalc aic even nirw 
off John Lawson, an auto ^ysi 
at DRI/McGraw HiD, csnmaied 
that manofactoieis need to turn 

oni dose to 200,000 care to begm to 
lut inaxiinum efficiencies. 

A Honda spokesman, Gra^ 
HolL noted that his corapmy had 

benefited from i** “SSi 
tion with Rover, whose TOO md 600 
modds differ from ihe Honda Cra- 
cerlo and Accorrl 

only in their external styling. 1 nose 

modds have cemibined sales or 


ex- 


rouahly 300,000. Mr. Holt 

about tbe future 

of that rdationship, howevCT, 
spite its essential econonues of 
^e. “We do not want to haw a 


collaborative agreement wiin 
BMW,” he said. 


MW, ncboiu. 

The relativdy puny producoon 
runs of the Japanese manufaciurp 
in Europe also make it costly for 
them 10 introduce new engines, or 
styling to freshen up a model s 1^ 

^-Tand sales— midway ihroi^ 

iia normal four- or five-year life 

^Mr Lawson said ±e Japan^ 
also erred by underesiiiMtt^ to 
poUtical obstacles they faced in Eu- 
rope. “They had assumed free ac- 
to European markets for cars 


made in the U.K-" he uom^ While 
the agreement limiting 
auto imports to the European 
Union until the turn of to emtury 
does not cover those to^ean- 
built cars, the reality is that m , 
France and Italy the Japanese have 
been forced to tread very carefuUy. 


OjrrENCV MAN.WEMEPn- 

winehesier House. 77 London WSd • London EC-M 5ND 
^“TiS rSl-3829745 Fai:0?1 382»t8-: 

24 Hoot London Dealing 
Competitive Rates & Dady Fax Sh^t 
Caii for further information & lfrr>c/wr^ 


ART-ffiERlCAS.A.(AIB) 
BID U5J5 ASK 
57.00 $8.00 
P„r fiT|hfT m^TTTp pnnn . inuactl 
BAIEUXCHASEHNANOAL services N.V. 
P.tWH6iriHF: 1599)463-^55 




For furiber details 
on bow to place yonr Ustins coMocL 
PATRICX FALCONER in London 

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ret.* (44) 71 836 48 OZ 
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Fac I 









r 


Page 12 


NASDAQ 


Tuesday’s Prtees 

NASDAQ prices as of 4 p.m. New York time. 
This list compiled by the AP, consists of me i.ooo 
most traded securities in terms of dollar value, it is 
updated twice a year. 


n^MtaAMS _ 21 IM 

S *M dUAMeWe _ 113 17 

■«i49 ANtlns 2J0 «3 7 .Ml 9^ 



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1934 ^ 


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d SECBordPNl-OtiehO.A— FI 
d SBC Bond Ptfl-Dutrt 6. B_rl 

d SBC Bond Pt«-Ea a — |n 
d SBC sand Ptn^w ® ““I? 
a SBC Bond Ptf^FF ft. 
a SBC Bond Ptn-FF B j - --FF 
d SBC Bond Ptfl Ft??.*^®.— ^ 
d SBC 8onO PHi-Sterllno A — J 
d SBC Biwd PMI-SlerlM B —1 
d SBC Bond Portliiilb-SF a— SF 
a SBC Bend Pgrttoi!?*^ 

d SBCBondPHI-L'gA. * 

d SBC Bond Ptf^N D , -S 

dSBCBoodPtn-YenA Y 

d SBC Bond PHI- Yen B j 

dSBCMMF-M 


1*8 

118 

lUO 

019 

372 

1178 

10 

14518 

IS735I 


d UBSMMHiyert-|FN 

dOB8MMInyM0f- 
d UBS MM mvort-H^,— 
a UBS MM tmtort-cani. j» 
d UBS MM Invert-BFR— —■ BF 
d UBS snarl Twm lnv»PM ^DM 
d UBS Bend InvBGU A. F g 
” iiM Hand Inv-BcuT. F W 

iM 


31110 

2330 

2370 

3140 

4110 

100398 

11034 

12313 

1874 

108 

1737S 

1060 

177.17 

10346 

12031 

1360 

71064 

I02S(UI0 


d UBS Band InvEn 
d UBS Bend mv4PR 
a UBS Bend mv-DM 
d UBS Bond mv-USr 
d UBS Bend mv-FF . 

dUBSBondirmteil 

d UBS Bond lmM.tt_— - 

a UBS B.i- u0to WR.^tf3r^ 

d UBS Fix Term mr-ySIN A 
d UBS Flv Term h'Y’B! J^jr^e 
d UBS Ph Term "HVJP4S. 
d UBS FIX Term Inv-OMT^OM 
a UBS Fix Term 96-.Eai 

d UBS Ft. Term iirv-FF 
d UBS Ea inv-EoreoB A-^-iwn 

d UBS EO !ny-|i!!!*f,!r— : j“ 
d UBS Ea Inv-S Cv (ISA— 3 
d UBS Port 1 Fi* me !IER*“55. 
d UBS Pom FI* I* dm 

a UBS Port 1 ^ Inc P.S?“f “ 
d UBS Port I Fh inciy**-^- 
d UBS Cop Inv60/W SMI ^AF 
d UBS Cv lnv-70/10 USK— A 
d UBS Cop Inv-TO/W DSf^rdSe 
WORLDFOLIO MUTUAL FUN^DS 
J m PI— ito i n m m r * 

iM 


SOTS 
6181 
10*0 I 
•10 1 
15610 1 
22001 
131.13 1 
12381 
19901 
39701 
37101 
200 1 
2640 t 
1268 1 
39501 
296*01 
103701 
35101 
14401 
2001 
810 1 
3190 I 
3070 t 

23311 I 
2158 t 
W 8 
1950 
13101 
93731 
W70I 
7136t 
I06IIII 
19681 
11*01 
19181 
11901 
4371 1 
116311 
70*71 
•0441 
11701 
1178 I 
•081 
1040 I 
19401 
106TSI 
1001 
7906701 
10070 
4038 
807.13 
100870 
10284780 
5088 
0590 
50NUH 
I013U 
in3n 
963300 
*A33 
llUlt 
I4S0I 
100 I 
11101 
18131 

’Its*, 

’”taai 

1100 t 
11101 
11141 1 
11601 
1081 
114641 
26171 1 
36S79t 
1001 
18139 1 
106561 
10031 I 
101391 
101*6 t 
187ft 
1950, 


pMIMulll-StrtW „„ . 

p66Klnedon OHssiore. Nj'Jv-* 
p MerKime MILS wW I^A 
p Moiiernom OttS»re Fd — » 
Hr MBE Jdban Pixn, 


LF 


mMcGlmi* GloMl (Dec 311 A 
niMCM inl. Umlwd-— 
pMlilennium mrernoiionei— » 

mMJM miernrtl^ te » 

mMomenlum Guild Lid— A 
p Mulitf uturet i ' 


a NCA Fund. 


a Hew Millennium Fut. LW-5 

d Newbont Debeniw— — J 
0 HM itw. 3 Grewm 
m NMT Asnn 81. Port«iio..J 

p NMe Partnery imi Ltd i 

niMSP F.I.T. LW, » 


m Ocean SirdlepW Limllrf A 
IV Old ironude Infi Ltd — A 
mOmew Overaeos Partners.* 
mOppwihelmer u3. Aid.— » 
w Oetimel Effect Ud a A 

p Optimal Eftod Put. LtdBAF 
mOptImum Find * 


w Orade Find te. 


mOverlooL PWorawioe 
nr PodI RIM Opp BVI .wn 3* .9 
mPAN inlernaltonol 
wPonairti Inc 


m Petrtlpet OHw e i HwmS 

in PODOun Fund Umited » 

mParolId* Fund LW * 

fnPeauol mn Fund a . 

p Plurlaertlen --FF 

to Furloertton Plurtvdeur — FF 

wKm'bwIhiSrt s L W, X 

mPrlme MultWnvert 
d ProftrentlA— 

p pyramid mvM 

d RAO InL Iny. ^ 


1385 

14652 

iJl.'n 

180 

1030 

1391 

1957.72 

1491310 

8108 

1353*4 

34361 

1*57 

1894 

10L99 

taa 

394 

101*51 

1998X0 

712 

31564 

30624 

130 

1420 

IU0 

191118 

153043 

8139* 

73335 

3147.95 

10655 

93570 

1148 

1827 

3170 

103*1 

1344 


2133* 

1830) 

4672 

710 

IIOAU 


d Riooi mti pwrt LW — — * 
t Rioineweyt FunO A- — — i 
/ m moveo tFirtO B — — 6 
p RIdwnwl IrKj^ 
p RM Fulurw Flirt Sleov — S 

pSellerY InH Ewy- g 

m Oeltorl mtl FtwO-— -r 

d Sony* Ki9- 


d serakroih Holdino N.v. 

pSoturnFurt, 


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dKl/TeASAteairtpurN 

mlrtmiiw Guo r.CuirF g^ 
mSelmit* Guar Bntaeq Fo— -s 
m Ooleoto Qgbol Hote F«^ 
d letodhreDul. PW Ltd— -» 
fflSomote 


13457 

9390 

14698 

365 

1*255* 

13511970 

•315 

970 

0674 

317000 

13218 

IJT0 

90 

11« 

14140 

1838 

116S0 

17.79 

10 

951 

139306 

9478 

1170 


p SmdOlr MuWjWLrt^^ 

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pSP mterreitenrtSAAgA 
mStrlder Fund. 


d S Dally ineame. 
dDMOellv meoine. 

dSBendlncpmc — 
a Non-SBonds. 


d SBC MMF - EFR.. „ 

d SBC MMF- Cart— a 

a SBC DM Short-Term A— g m 


d SBC DM Short-Term B DM 

d SBC 76MF - Dutch G.— m 
d SBC MMF - Ecu. 


11180 

13790 

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1010 

15058 

1010 


dSBCMMF-EU 
a SBC MMF - FF 
dSBCMMF-U 


dSBCMMF-Pte 


dSBCM/AF-SdilUlne. 
d sec MMF • Slertina 
d SBC MMF • SF 



a sec MJ4F- us -Dollar 
d S3CMMF-USS/I1— , 
dSBCMT-lF-Yen. 


4339 

4355 

1027 

9.13 

158 


30371 

2M470 

1410 

11161 

331.11 

818 


1310 



p Arto Pol Growtti Fd tLV. A 
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p Adwi 8I9 ^S*L£‘b'h'«VJ 
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dOoisA 
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650 

1230 

80 

1130 

6356 

410 

8W 

91616 


10 

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d’SSrtSuw Hh^ TnrtA 
w Putnom Em. TOiel5 

d Pumom Gtoh. HtohGrewgS 

d Putnom High HitGH66AF« 

d Putnorn mn FirW;— ^ 

QUANTUM GROUP OF TONM 
p Emeretog GiW?' f ** 

p Quonhim Fund* i 

w Quantum Roulty Trart » 

pQuaniumUK 

wQuostf ipti Fund H.V— m rt 

SuTffir'a^jrapTSir 

pgrttSito . 

d AitesArhitrareMlJd— A 

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gBSHew^SSt— 5 

dnearttGMinllG^m 


9327 

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860 


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d SBC OlbVPtfl USD Grth— 
d SBC GW-Pttl SF YId A — SF 
a SBC GlhhPItl SF YId 8 — S F 
g SBC 6B1-Pttl Ecu YId A — 1« 
d SBC Glbl-Pltl Eoi YW B— .Eoi 
a SEC OIK-Ptfl USD YId A- 5 
g SBC GW Ptfl USD YId B — S 

d SBC GlOI-Ptll SF me A |F 

d SBC GCd-Pffl SF Ine B-— AF 

a SBC GIM-PIfl Ecu Inc A |w 

d SBC Glrt-plli Ecu me R-Aeu 
d SBC GIBI-Ptfl USD Inc A A 
d SEC GtW-Ptfl U5P Inc B — * u 
a SBC GI 6 I PWI-OM GrowlljAM 
g SBC GIW P«W)M YW WB -DM 
d sic GIbl PlfWM lito^B-^ 
g SBC EmerulnuMmketo — J 

a SBCSmoM&MIdCMSwAF 

d ? 

d Atigio'.totor 


6S64 
1,7117 
14358 
100 
1158 
1193030 
I1742S0 
42718 
1100960 
46490 
109106 
13150 
73020 
37250 
4453270 
30500 
SSmM 
358240 
3144370 
30030 
505620 
73020 
20 M .10 
4003440 
19570 
13600 
12330 
11638 
12690 
K7337 
10313 
1117.15 
12770 
11013 
114357 
110W 
19078 
10450 
10730 
11438 
11891 
10730 
13430 
5690 


d Gtabel Bonds. 


d Global Botanced 
a Gloeal Equities 


a us CawervotW* tollies A 
d US A yi 'iMlve EouHles » 
d Europaon EaulHas — ■» 
a PoelBe Equities— ■* 
d Notml Reswr ' 


10 

10 

178 

264* 

310 

190 

178 

158 

U 8 

110 

130 

80 


mStromtOllrtioreLM- 
d Sim^ Global HI Lid. 

d Sunsel GtoM One — 
in Sussex McGorr, — 

fliTeCurrercy. 


mTosCurrencyil. 


d 6rBtoneedTreds.R9tun»sA 


p Teetmo Grauilh Furt AF 

d Templeton Gl^llrt J 

m The B rMee 

m n» GrthGtoOd, OHstwrt — A 
dThelitrthH^rtvtoatHA 

mTht J Fund B.VJ. Ud — A 

p Tl* Jdouor Fund tLV. —J 

a TIP Latin Equities Fd— — A 

b TIIC lOTCI JOP. Fd SICOVA 
b Tokyo (OTCI Fuiw s^ A 
pTconi Glohoi invtLtd— A 


I0M7S 

4269 

331.14 

1087367 

*52864 

10268 

111.11 

7394 

137173 

12*990 

1310 

94373 

70051 

S330 

10120 

2510 

10000 

4635 

90 

1391 

12190' 

11518 

10*48 

4170 

19713011 

,7960 

334370 


a Transpocine FiM. 
p Trinity Futures Fd Ud- 
inTtluinph I. 


niTriaimh H- 


Otlier Funds 

p Actierolssance Sicov. 
p Aciitmance Sicav— 


pAclKuturaLtd. 
w Actieertlon 5^ . 


pActlvestlnTISleav 
pAdetoWe. 


fflAdvanced Lotin Fd L W— 
IV Advuncud Sliuliolti LMw 
pAIGTalwwiFund 


inAmwinvesm^. 


I AQUIta Inlw ii u lloM l Fund A 
p Arblfin iBvestmenl— — — * 
■ p Argus Fund Boiww— I 
p Argus Find Bond. 


d Asia OmonlQ 1^ 

pASSlAsienIM 


pA0 (Derlvailvel Ai 

PASS {Zeros) AG 


g AsloPortlolfa. 


fgffigsa?K=i 


80 

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d RegootOkiTter 


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AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR PORT WO 

d teBewv A , — S 

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dCoitoeryA 


170 


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9.95 

5458 

63110 

61302 

IJM 

16392 

17770 

45994 

9.1455 

380 

1.9900 

25355 

110 

118 

1055041 


a Convert Bona Selection. 
d^Mori'BortSetoetlon. 

d Dollar Bond Setodton— 

d Ecu Bond Setortton- — 
a Florin Bond 0lre»ton — 
a FraneeVoiur. 


a CcrmMaVDlar. 

d GeldPortlallo. 


.Ecu 

-FI 

_FF 

3M 


d iberlcveur. 


A 

-Pta 


a iraivaior. 


d jepBtfortfcrt-— — — y 
d Storims Bart Sele ction- — j_ 
d Shl Foreign BaW Seiertlon.|F 
d Swte'/olor 


StSSrM&ndSctodton-SF 

g Univetoal Fund 


34119 

010 

7758 

117.93 

18.14 

15054 

1170 

13174 

SI18 

54866 

470 

681010 

8X7040 

2R370 

1320 

1130 

6520 

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mAssoctoted mvertors ina A 
p Athena FundLW | 

paTO Hlkkei FiM— — A 
p BcmbI I l ed eed Growth PO J 
p Bedemon ltd CoP A cc— A 
w BEM Inlernollwgl Ud — | 
a GikiMctMPrvol EEF— -feu 
a Biecinor Gifal Fd ICavmcPils 
gltoon tfOtoboliBahommls 

giCrt fcg LoYWy^Fd Ltd-^ 
d CB Gorman in^ Fund— te 
ntrpvm Oropih FivxS— — 

pCIMdcl |P 

pCMUSA. 


pCMI investment Find— A 
ffiCoiumausHoldlnot— > 

ffi Ccneciy liw Puna - A 

w Coovert. Fd inTI A Certs— a 

5tevfft.FdllinBCer«_A 

n Craig Drill Cap - . 

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p^berinnN> * 


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d ao« 6.,_— * ijjo 

a CMSSA.2 
d Class A-3 
a ciM B-1 


SSSSijE-ogjBj^ 


rFrwMhM 


For information on how to list your 




,-fivT.enti Le W2IIM.. , 
d D. Witter WldWWelYi Trt A 

pdG-C. — — i 

a Dotwo Japan Fww- — t 

d DBCC / Nalln Bond FwidA 

p Oerwollve Asset AltoCj— A 

a DreyiusAmertcoFurt— A 

f DVT Ptffcrnwtt 
P Eos overmia Y"*** J:" — 1= 

nt Ellto world F»M Ltd SF 

d EinlBelG initS®S““tp 

5 Eml Bcip. ind. Phrt B-t 1| 

d Eml France IBd- PM * — EE 

d Eml Franca InlPteiB — FF 
a EmlGarm.,nd.^A— DM 

d Eini(torm.md.PlusB— DM 


5548 

743*9 

8760 

7S371 

2341 

107156 

180 

10.17 

106510 

I0003N 

Sn6S 

104337 

13434 

1934*4 

178 

ien0 

4556 

5140 

45306 

10179 

9*114 

54040 

166 

110 

12556 

6918 

*110 

470 

2648901 

15614 

10694 

1560 

36374 

15580 

3350 

13200 

218 

7351 

13054 

130025 

52104 

9S0 

MJS 

33029 

6716 

IISW0 

140359 

9161 

MS.14 

10000 

1903*0 

113IB0 

12U10 

10978 

119761 

10617 

1090 


rnTrlumohllt. 
mTrtumph IV. 


d Turauoto* Futd. 




mTpeedv Browne mtl av._S 
p Tweedv Browne kv. O A-A 

p Tweedy Browne ti.w. a B—S^ 

d uboFutures. 


a UboFuturas Delier 
dumorelio Dent Ltd 

d umbrelto Fund 
p Unl Bond FiM 


,Eeo 

DM 


p Unl Capital Altoitwene— 

pUritoltaicartvertib^ 

pUnhGloMrtnvOEM- 

pUnl-Cloaal»eDV|oi— 

p Unl-GloM Now FRF FF 

p Unl-GtobOl Slav FS - 
p Uid-CIOM Stoov USD 
d UnlU Eoulhr Fund. 
a Unln Inv. Furt 

mUnltrateCHF. 
mumtradesCHFi 
mUnllTOdesFRF 
mUidtrodes U W 

p unus mri Ltd 



fflVdlDanne- 


mVIctor FulwmFL 
b vuvQBor investmetus rte. 
p Vulture LM 


mweues wilder InH Fd 
pWintr JOBon^— 
pwmer South ^ 
pWlilPwbrtdoeirti.^- — . 

a wm cioDol Pd Bd. PHI —Ecu 
gwmOloMMEfcW — Aw 
^ aKvkw fVlmiqfil CM PIfl 


a wm Global Fd R».2^-« « 
a World BotonM Fund SAA 
mWorldvride Ltmttto - ^ pj 

IV WPG ForW O^eas Port 
ffiWW Capitol Grtn Fd ud 5 


mZePhvrHeareFiind. 
miwotomnud- 


13338 
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10 
2410 
317130 

1093150 
I42U4 
94675 
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7210 
1118 
1993*4 
430 
1346 
337S47.V1 
507918 
1200 
19553 
3441U 
34010 
10 
1280 
131367 
4680 
12330 
III60 
768 
7354 
13230 
1140 
143ILI6 

12130 
3*630 
T4371 
3410 
115033 
3980 
90176 
840 
130 
113375 
16351 
1430 
32367 
lire 
74X4 I 
101114 I 
115)8 I 
3190 S 
2440 \ 
0193N 


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An IHT conference on 
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For details, 


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ects 


K^eep Tokyo Stocks 
On Bullish Ti*ack 


Being a, No^Ncune Can Pay 

Taiy^ PC Supplier Finds Ri^t Niche 


CoBfOedfyOie Staff FrmDl^t^ 

. TOKYO — .td^o std±s re- 
sumed tbeir x^y qsl heavy vttooe 
Tottday as^ peisisleat aqwcta- 
iKBa Ae govdBxne&t wn^ an- ■ 
TUNOfie an eoQooiw sdzi^ 

wirii mcrai&*ta3i 

'1 bat ahnouDC^cDt shoold 
cboie ‘niursday sig^ the dmix^ 
director gen^ of Japan’s Eco> 
nomic Plannibi^Agenc^r was 
quoted by the ^ Tsnsmxt^ba 
am agency u sajwg. 

' investors are expec^ 

dw'padt^ to -exceed 14 tnIHon' 
yen ^127J9 InDioo) and indnde 


Tbe Nikkei>225 share index, 
gained ^VJJ2 points,-or 0.93 per- 
cent, to dose at ^,416J4. On 
Mioqd^, ibt NDckd rose 7.84 per- 
cent to its highest doang 
smceOct2S. 

,Hie loader Topix index ci all 
sto^ on the first section of the 
Tokyo -Stodt Exchange gained 
13.88 points Toesday. or 0.8S per- 
cent, to dose at 1,643.10. Voktmc 
was 950 inOhon shares, tip fiom ^ 

six-moatii avera^ ct 300 .million 
shares a day. 

The commimicatioDS sector 
topped the fist of indnsoy gnrau 

looviag the T(^.iQdex, ridng 2.82 
pet^Tuesd^. 


Fordgb uvKtOES, primarily 
fr^ the .United Stares and Eii- 
rq>e, coDtimed to be net buyos, 
snapping up materials-indostry 
dura tikdy to benefit irmn new. 
pohhe .wodts and tel^ 

emmnanication issoes.expected'to 
«in on the devdopment of a new ' 

MCK eptp, » mqor 

Sled makm, ai^ Mitndnshi oeavy 

IndiBtrim Ltd, the country's ^ 

' eAheavy-madtiiiaytDaker.gmoed 

• -hf^ wm^mwest. .' 

*nrhe vdude scene hiu dumged" 
sud Robert Owen, manager of iDt 
temational sales at Schroder Seen-'. 

nties.'Teopfeareaggtesavdydis- 
CQunting that tins quarter is the last 

n'liavtA* iIm I ■ ^^cci r\ n atwl aoorafc 


TAIPS — Most people have never heard 
Taiwan’s Rrsi Intemaiioi^ Computer toe, md 

. that smtslbe'con^anychairmaii, Ming Cmen, just 

. lot its persQMl commuters worldwide, Rw tow- .. mt-u... i«. 


quarter <x me recesBOD ano 

srvdy the' fact tiiai the 

p^^jitifail ritiMfirm Im Stabilized.” 


in the cabinet over the tinting 
of aa inernne-tax cut and a snbs^ 
t pifwt- .constmmtion-tax increase., 
pyf Prime Vm«ter MbnhiroHofr 
okawa has requited' a final dea- 
don on ttt ptmey by. Wednesday. 

Whetha Japanese investors win 
rhany their stance and buy stodcs 
qr will . r emain net sdlctS baOie tilC 
fictwi yeaT;ends in Maidi remains 
to be mid Yuichi htotsiidnt^ 

a drategist Id NiUro Securities Cd 


(BUnmAat, Reaten) 


but 

lucrairve, course. , ^ . 

It has thrived as a supplior of so^auw rnoiher 
boards, the base of a computer into m«^ 
pcocessofs and haid-drives are attach^ It so^ 
Satnn for mqoT man ufacturers sudi as NCR 
Corp. and Unisys Cotp. 

Tbpt business accounts for 45 percent of tl» 
coomany's 11.8 billion Taiwanese dollars ($445.7 
in sales. Fhst InternatiGnal hopes to re- 
peat its by suppljnng noidwdc-szed c^- 
pnten to mamifactures that ^ in mm put mar 
brand names on them. 

The fact that First totemational has toil^Jn 
^dative obscori^ has never mauca^ Tf 
you bny a. General Motors, Ford or CSryskr aoK^ 
ni nbiie do you know vriio makes the engine?, 

asked Ml CS^ ^ want to be the engine provid- 
er. m maVft an enpne for you, you put m it your 

oh; and you sdl it to your customer." 

•WMle an obscure player to the public, First 
Ifii^arinniit faas woD a 1<^ fdlowing aoK^ 

investors; increaongly from abroad. mid- 

Januaxy, fOragn institutums had bouut 

nearly 10 percent cd the compan/s riiares, the 
• Ttmh under Tswan’s roles. 

During the past 12 months, the suxk bas^- 

vanced 35 percent, to about 70 dollars a riiare. One 

big reason why has been the company's scroog 
wamhip performance. 


According to Watdley James Capd (Ta™) 
LuL Fust Intfimational’s net profit will soar by 39 
oocenL to 420 million Taiwan dollars during 

1993 Sales rose 37 percent last yctf, to 11.8 billion 

Taltran dollar^ on brisk internatioaBl d e m a nd for 

*^^Sy*reSnmend than,*' said 
Hung. anTSctronics analyst with Fleming 
Securities. -They look vejy 

investors, especaDy over the next fex ye^.,__^ 

Beyond toavimgs look m ote unoenam if Fust 

First International 
Computer revels in its 
anonymity. 

International continues to rdy » mu* on a c^ 
modity iton like motha boards. Wihooi its own 
r.. Wmt 1 -ntematuial is vulnera- 


So is nyi«« » ^ a f^ow^ 

5 „pplierrfTOt*ook computers and 

into the business of testing mtegrated 
orcuits, the brams ot a computer. 

Yet it is hard to argue whh the company’s profii 
recowL analysts sbiStTk risk <rf lynchin g a 
hnind-name oroduct in the already brat^ persi»^ 
computer indusny is Given ^t project, 
a profitable no-name is not a bad way to go. 
‘Thae’s no point for Taiwan cornpaue to 
DTomote their own brand for products like PCs. 

You’re gang to spend a lot of mooqi on setting up 

asmTwS® channels haw to g* h^-^ 
competition with companies lie IBM of Com 
pac." said Ben Chen of Baring Secunies. 


Hong Kong j 
To Speed 
Transfers 

Bloomberg Business Hevs 

HONG KONG — "nie Hong 
KoQS Moneiary Airthonty intro 
dued a plan on Tuesday to speed 
up the movement of monq' tbrougb 
the lerriioiys banking systttt ^ 
Tlie amhoriiy, HMg Koags 
quasi-central bank, said that in or- 
der for Hong Kong to mamtain lU 
competitive position as an inieroa- 
^jrtnai nnaocia] center, its system of 
payment transfer between banks 
must be Faster and more efficienL 
An average of 216 bOlion Hong 

Kong doHais (527.7 billion) moves ' 

through the banking system evoy 
day, up 66 percent since^ March, 
jt pfo rHin g 10 the authwity’s execu- 
tive director of nionetary manage- 
oieni, Norman Chan. 

Under the cuireoi ^em. indi- 
viduals or institurions wanimg to 
pay creditors ask their bai^ to 
iraisto the money to the creditors 
accounts. If the paymmi request is 
maria 00 a Monday, for example 
the transaction will be compleieo, 
or settled, by 10: 15 AJrf. on Tues- 
day In the time between, the ^ 
coving bank is exposed to “seiu^ 
meat risk” because it will 
esseQtiabv extend credit to the 
ee until the payment is conq>leteO. 

The Monetarv Authority is rec^ 
ommending that money iraM- 
ferred beween banks be available 
immediatdy after it is i^ved 
This “instaoianeous seiUCTent 
will seCtlemeDt risk- 


Hong Kong. 

F^hgSeng’ 

gBWrr v':n 


• Singapore ' Tokyo - ^ 

Sira^Times.^ .NHikei 235.. 
Sim - ■' = ::.v^ •• : 



... iW'- — ' 7 ; 


•: 1 S 88 
Expriange 


19B4 ’ 
Index 


kpr^Koffd. 

: Stiafe:Urii^ 

■■ 

Tokyo', fgti<aags.~ 

unyar ' .Optnpb^i».... „• 


SangKctit 
■Seotfl 
=.Ta k»t ^ 

Jakme 


■ g gr ■••••• • 

Congwite S to*- ^9RI.10 ^ 
ebngo^v' 

. Stockiodex • • . 


.'195* 

.Qose •• Close. . Change 
-1.1,487.00 =+2.^ 

: 2,31g;tO ' 

" atuisat " ^.g2»l2 
~Cacp«1 ; .. 1,10639 ■■ ' 

't,493:45: . - ZM-: 
" ireaiQ ■-'■945!, 71 

■.■a;83S43 '. . Z.874^' . *1 S: 
^jBS ; ' 592.02 • -P^l 


CdHaPANY RESULTS 


Revenue and profits or 

losses, in mlKons, are m 
local currencies unless 
Qgtenidse .indicated. . 

ilnltodSlaiM 

BlaniDBd SbamrKK 
Net LAC, . USD (fl|X90 

wswn: oM - ■ 

MOHpn. 

Dow Chemical 
MBfMv. iwi ifjn 

RraSwe— 4 ^ 

KatLOM— . S4IJB0 

YM- l*n WV? 

MVWMS 

ta-stm — r 

0 * Quorttr fCMm 

gains e f sro mUUpa, 
one O iarues at tm muuoa 
i993 year rrsvlta Includa 

ilSas^SSU million, atm 

Burgas a! SUOmIfnen. 

Dow Joiiea 

rniuv m3 jm 


Yw ifM . im 

5STSS-- ® 

PorSbore..— US IM 
im year iKt BiOuaes nu 
flUUtondMnK * 


Enron 

«HiQiMr. . iPSS-' JS 
Rtwnuo .... UU ' 

PvShora— . Orit 040. 

■ Yoor twe t^o 

Rovmt — TSS?it 

Not Inc. 33^ 3NA ' 
P«eShen_ . U2 1S9. 

ten aimrfer not /o Wwtfw 

aaymolSSLanMIon. 

Fiao . .. . 

WHQwr. 

■ Ymar' . WIS 

- • 341L UiX 

KISSsi: 

,_glloao. ■ 

O e u w i a Dymontis 

tiSSSi 77fS vi^ 
SwTS?:z: ^ v*« 

Par Shore— ^XH iSt 

: ams.- 

[ wamiTZ -nsj aui 


■ - GiHelle 

-«bQW. wn tm 

. Harris . . . 

dun*.' twt tVH 

. pwStnra.— . ^ ^ 

WSNtrmHMta 

SJSSf-i. ^ 

^ 

’ MCI' 

gJSSS-^ aJiS 

PwSiiare — ws 

rSU-— . 

jatjyearraaamlnch/deloas 

efMSmnUea. 


m 

4 Ni Oaor. 1>H tvg 

YW t**I .IS? 

.Sfe*— « iS 

^Slnrt^ aw SiS 

gsMiSJigasE^ 

HorfoUt SouHiani 
Mil Qua-. im 

ROWIM— .. 

S 5 ~._ S & 

Kw inc. - — ram 
PorShon.... 

SSE3fflSS“*""^ 

OcCMeirtol petroleum 
. MkOumr. m 3 1332 

SimSm' 2 iQ 0 . X 3 U. 

MStmr 57 J 0 MO 15 BM 

PcrSlMirc~> 0.19 — 

- Yoor 1333 ira 

..M. alia awa 
SrtintZZ » 0 «Ol 931 J> 
Pwstwr* — urn “ 
a; leas. 


wiBwr. 

55iri=»®S 

Pw-Short — — 


* Mf 3 1331 

bSwLii»_— 7 ?^ 2.37a , 

8 S i 

a- bras. 1993 l 

dterge of WJ mO- 

iiotL 

PhHiP Morris 

MiQoer. 1333 WW 

rSwSm 14^ 

NW Inc. 9^-SS ''1% 

pw-shan._ aaa 

iTiuOTft aum w.uj. 

pwShora^ "s 

Phillips Petroleum 
«ntQiwr. ira 

1333 W 2 

Par alwe 

ittvitleoda. 1993 aopfgf rg; 
Srfft, otrar aaus atW. 

BaSomiaiargeaofStSmU- 

Han. 

Rotim&Hoos 

SJ25S'— 7^ 7^ 
gSnJSTZZ 2aMC0>lO« 

Par sun — S35 — 

Yaw 1333 im 

^SLuia_ 3 J 43 . a 0 < 3 . 

NatameMaeJm^ 
^SMfhBUen vs. Siff mlWan. 


Salomon 

4NiQon-. W Mg 

Rawnie — 2^ xm 

Nitinc. 4TaM MUO 

Per aiort— 43S 1.W 

Ymr Mg -Vg 

Persnm— 7JU ,*■* 

1993 roar naults JneliiOo 
eAowWmr/nlMM 

Sara Lee 

2 ndOMr. .Mn ,Wg 

RevHiue — MS 3JA 

Nallne. 33U0 22eM 

Par Shore— 048 044 


Can Three English Dailies 
Co-Exist in Hong Kong? 


Id HoH l*g 

RavtniM — TjWa 

Nftlnc 39^5 

Par Short— 0X1 0 J 2 

1993 tsi ftgWjSgS *'“*** 
ttiarsfocesSSmlluan. 

Sctterins-Pieusti 
tthCMor. M33 13« 

Par Short 0.90 OM 


Yaor 

navomw 


1333 1331 

4.341. ana 


PSfer ”S5S 

7993 year reswirs Ineludo 
ejiafBO of «4S per mare « 
0 Obi oT mu par shone. 1337 
'iS^iS^iAmofse.Uptr 
snare. 


CtopiW ip Ow SbST frtwi 

hong KONG — A third Eng- 
lis^language newqiaper, the East- 
ern Express, made its d*nt Tues- 
day in Hong Kong, entering a 
aowded me& jnaiket that is 
Bpwing amdous for its freedom as 
Otitiese rule ^ipxoaches. 

The new ptfier is a broadsheet 
with photos in color like its dto 
competitors, the South China 
Morning Post and the Hong Kong 
Standard, it is owned by Onen^ 
Press Group Lti, publisher of the 
Orioital Da^ News, Hong Kon^s 

best-selling Oimesc daily. 

Tuesday’s prim run was 83,000. 
The paper aims for a daily drcula- 
rion of 60,000. The Morning 
has a dtodatiem rf 100,000 and the 
Standard has 30,000 10 40,000. 
The Eastern 

In ^mrlifri on an invesimcot of SzJo 


imTiinn. Some analysts qnestiOT the 
wisdom of launching a non-Onn^ 
dmW just three-and-a-half rey be- 
fore ihe colony reverts to . 

The paper's inaugural editonai 

said, “Prfely because Ho^ Kong 

is experiencing a penod of great 
and because this sti mulat e^ 
greater demand forinfonnanon, the 
lOTiory needs u indepeodeni 
source of infmnaiioiL 
The Eastern Ejq^’s arrival ^ 
pririi-t witii mounting coocem 
Comnnmist China wffl seek to mi- 
pose its wffl 00 Hwig Koo^s tnedia. 

The diief editor irf the new piqiCT. 

Supben Vines, said Britain was m 
erowins diroote with China over the 
politick structures, and 
•'people vwU increa^igly want an 
indmendcoL unlnased riew as pa- 
pers become more polarized m one 
or another.** f AP. 


. . Nali,aiia« . -■ 

Soiffces: Reuters. riFP 


Very briefly: 

• Taiwan’s a^ 

Lc of 340 million new shares for 3.025 doDars each. 

. South Korea’s trade deficit widened to $1.47 bilbon m Janua^. 

in ,Sc“ &0 

devdopmentoftheAlambrerammemArgeminsL . 

r^D«b.KKva™iit?woA^tr^^ 

ihe next three years: ibe cfa( 'SfLfTSM to Smpeosati’on 



the next ihreey^: “^e^ue to compensation, 

had a parent-company net of _ 5 nrrtrincL L-Trvpioohan. 

p.^o«r a US. 

ADS; McCann Goes Solo in Japan 


Goothmed from Page 9 

aU strategy. But Japanese Mmpa- 
oies typically share their adverti^ 
mg among several agencies, al- 
though the practice is slowly going 
out of style. 

McCann-Erickson Hakuhodo 
also stands out by maimaining a 
group of 26 expamates, the 
Sf any foreign joint venture m 
kyo and an expensive lot giv» the 
strong yen and the dor’s exorbitant 
rents. Although essential to Dol- 
ing multinationa! clients desires 
iS? a coherent ^obal brand image. 


insiders said iheir presence was a 
source of bickering between the 
parent companies. 

But others predicted that H|^- 
hodo's departure would allow 
MtCann to overhaul a Japan^ 
style salary grid that rewards work- 
ers more for seniority than menL 
That could create new problems. 
“Pm apprehensive because most 
Japanese were anracied to ^ 
companv only because of the na- 
kuhodo'ccnnecriotu** one mrider 
warned. “Things have changed, but 
there’s still lois^ of xenophobia 
among Japanese.** 


I2NMS> 

Hrt iLawStedt 


ii. 1 - 12 MBfilh _ . 

•rjly ^ i35 I 0 nh L 0 »Lcm<Oi -,0 Ha»W«" gL 
— I ' ■ ' 1 • -usktiftbi 


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THE INTERNATIONAL 
HERALD TRIBUNE IS 
PLEASED TO 

announce the 

1994 CHINA 
SUMMIT 

the socialist market economy 
OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF 
CHINA, 1994-2000: 

implications for global business 

-K 

Beijing, People's Republic of China 
The China World Hotel 
May 11-13 IW 

An Economic Summit Meeting convened by the 
International Herald Tribune and the State Comtn.ss.on for 
Restructuring the Economic SysKms of the 

People's Republic of China 

lltrTEBXMWWXL 




^ : 























/ 


INTERNATIONA! HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1994 


SPORTS 

Who Gin Stop CowIk^? 
The Other (Dollar) Bills 




By Mike Freeman 
and Frank Litsky 

Nev > 0 fA Times ServK€ 


has the overall talent and depth to 


^ keep up with them. 

Ne<e York Times Serme ‘I'm quIC SUTB ODCC WC gCt back 

ita the smng of things, once the dust 
ATLANTA — After the Dallas settles, well start tf«*"k^ns 


Cowboys left the Held, stQl the 
champions of the Natumal Foot- 
ball League, they met in the locker 
room for one last itine this season. 

They held hands, said a prayer, 
and then Jimmy Johnson, amazing- 


three-peat,” said running back Em- 
mitt Smith 

Of the 1,680 players players on 
team rosters at the end oc 1 $93, the 
National Football League Players 
Associadon expects there will Im 


ly, left the room without saying a 499 unrestrictra free agents this 

wmd to to players. The coad year. All have played in toe NFL at 
televiaon imerviews to do. least four y«us and their con tracts 

Receiver Mchael Irvin said that, have all expired. 


after Johnson departed, be looked On Feb. 18, those pliers can 
at the other players around him sign with any team, no hoku barred, 
and wondered if, at the b^jnniog On the same day. 155 restricted free 
of next season, the same people agents — those with three years in 
would still be by to side. the league and vdKee contracts have 

It is a valid question. Free agra- emiied — can also sign, but their 
cy, it seems, is about the only thins old teams caa match those offers 
that can beat Dallas. The dollar bdl Many pros will move for mon^. 
^ make a belter go at it than a Siune, Uke tailback Lorenzo White 
Buffalo Bill and linebadter A1 Smith cl the 

Dallas has become only the sixth Houston Oilers, may move because 
team in NFL history to win back- are gettii^ less playing time, 
to-back Super Bowl& which means The unrestricted free agents io- 


On Feb. 18, those 
sign with any team, no 


the league and whose contracts have 
etmired — can also sign, but their 
old teams can match those offersu 
Many pros will move for mon^. 
Smne, Uke tailback Lorenzo White 
and linebadter A1 Smith cl the 
Houston Oilers, may move because 
are gettii^ less playing time. 
The unrestricted free agents io- 


it is only one Super Bowl victory dude comerback Deion Seders of 
away from doing something no tte Alluia Falcons, wide recdveis 


other team has ever done — win 
three siraighL If they could do that, 
the Cowboys are a dynasty. 


Tim Brown of the Raiders and An- 
thony Miner of the San Diego 
Chargers. lind»dcers Rickey Ja<£- 


”I know that we did something son and Renaldo Turnbull of the 
that very few teams have done and New Orleans Saints, tight end Eric 
that's win back-to-back Super Green of the Pittsbu^ Steelers 
Bowls," quarterback Troy Aik- and the National Fcx>tball Confer- 

man “And if we're able to keep all oioe's three Pro Bowl guards — 
our guys in place and go into next Nate Newton (rf the Cowboys, 
season with ibe players we have now Randall McDam'el of the Miimeso- 
so at least there is some oontmidty, ta VUdags and Guy Mcln^ of 
then I ihink we've got a chance to the San Fraodsco 49ers. 
do some special things in Dallas. The Bills have 14 unrestricted 
“But it'^s hard to say with free tree agents, ioduding comerback 
agency. It's hard to say who is go- Nate Odomes and offendve line- 
ing to take off for the money> You men Howard Ballard and John Da- 


ing to take off for the mon^. You 
know there are a lot of nys who 
deserved lo be paid, and topeful^ 
we'U be able to keep them all, but it 
wilJ be tough.” 


lys who ws. The Philadelphia Eagles' two 
>peful^ bttt remaining defenave players 
X, but It are available, and their agent, Jim 
Solano, wants big money for each 


The Cowboys definitely have all — SlTmilliraayearforeodGyde 
the pieces to make another run next Ammons and S3 Jl nuUion for out- 
seasoiL The New York Giants, the side linebacker Si^ Joyner. 

San Francisco 49ers and the Phila- For the Cowboys, the biggest 
ddphia Eagles are teams that can pn^lem may not be on-field oppo- 
^ve the Cowtx^s a fighL But right nents but their own egos. At to 
now. no team in ei (to ooofeienoe news conference, Johnson said that 


if individuals began putting them- 
selves ahead of the team, then the 

Cowboys were doomed. 

He ought heed his own words, 
since it is Johnson who continues to 
float hints about his interest in 
coaching the NFL expansion team 
in JadurmviUe, Florida. 

Other than Johnson, the Cow- 
boys' biggest problem will be re- 
taining key players who will be- 
come free ^ents. Four of thdr 
starting five (rffensive hnemeo are 
in that eatery, as is fullback Dar- 
ryl Johnston, vbo throws many key 
blodts f<K Smith. 

Standout linebacker Ken Norton 
also wiU be oouniiu dTers from 
other teams, while ddensive back 
James Wasfaingtoa already seems 
to be soliciting offers. Washington, 
who scorned up a fumble and re- 
turned it tor ihe game-tying touch- 
down against the Bills, said afio' 
the game that be wtMxld love to play 
for tte Los Angeles Raiders. 

The Cowboys have 19 unrestrict- 
ed free agents. Backup quarterback 
Bemie Kosar wfll prot^ly leave, 
kicker Eddie Murray and fullback 
Johnston wiQ probably stay and 
defensive tackle Tony Carillas will 
probably test the markcL 

Then there is the offensive line, 
wb^ the Cowboys could lose 
Newton, center/ giura John Gesdc, 
ladde/guard Kevin Gogan and 
center Mark Stepnoslri, all fuU- 
time or part-time starters. Wide re- 
ceiver Alvin Harper is a restricted 
free agent, and the Cowboys will 
prcrfiably match any offer be r^ 
ceives. 

Smitb said it was important to 
keep the team intact, a^ said be 
felt that the Cowboys, and thdr 
owner. Jerry Jones, «^d manage 
to accomplish that 

"But with Jerry Jones,” he said, 
laughing ocvcr know what 
the beck be is gcung to do.” 

“It’s one year at a time." Smith 
said. “It’s kind of premature to say 
what kind of team we're going to 
have next year. I know one tlmg: 
we'U have Troy, We'D have Michael, 
and 1^ be bacL” 





r By Dave Anderson 

NeifYoritTTiMeiSeryli* 

A TLU9TA — For the Dalto Cowboys to 

peat Si^ Bowl cfaanqnons, th^ must » 
bottito finct ' • ■ . _ 


as the fast three- 

riidr Hue. Thtf 


bottbrnEnct' . , is 'that the'’- 

la all the faata^ about a Cowboy Washme' "* . 

offenave coordinator. Norv Ttimer, is ab^ to ^ n ami .r' • 

tonRedskiitf«ttch.thatfiroofE(nnwt^ 

Johnston and hnemen Nate Newton, Ke^G^n, •„ 

John Gestk) wfll test tte fteeflsmt rnarto aloi^^ 

Nwtan, aruj-ihait the coadL Jimnar Johnson, is testier r«eiiar« - 

- B^since whispers smf aced that tto expansiofl ! 

were hoping to liiiiftJniMiacinfor their first season in 1995, th Cowooys.. 


fe-: 


'W' 



iMMIH lUB JBIUUOVIUS MUMHtUU. X w it— . — — i-i f ..TKr tfl 

Fffl fine ri^t now in Dallas. Some of my pla^fets are like fanmy 
It'd be lea&y hard to leave dtat famity* ..... 

But at no time 1^ Jottoon said fimt he wonldnY leave. 

Mavhe if saB contract talk. Mavbein ioinmg Lombarm. uoa 

9nila a^ 'Chuck Ndl as the only 

coadMswithback-tthback&q>er3oM Vailtag® 
chaaqnoi^'Jcdinspn wants more tDOQ- Point. ■ 

Cowbqys'- owner, Jerry ; — 

lnr.ee than rtK-.tl mOfow hi^gp^p ihlOuA tfaC 1998 SCaSOO. BUI 


-16=5;- 




maybe Jt^mson. who coached at die unirersiiy « .Miam brfw g J^gto | 

the Cowboys m Jone^ takeover in 1989, jeaffly wants ^ 

hniMmg >t» Mpangjnn tewn ..... i. «ct^' • 

*T'getariit^gttboa«LandIdolikeachtdlenge,’’.be»idItoweeK. I. 

went to Arkansas, but the Univeisity of Miaiiii is n^ sdiooL , 

Johnsm’s heart still seems to be there. Dded^Ism w^s rainy rw ' 

weather, he kn>t ta&iim about the palin trees in the Mtoni area. Aiu . V;. ' ' 
afttttteCowbqysTlO-lJstarnpedeOTtheBfll^hes^^IJtistwanttogBt. , . . t 
oainry'boatjnK^Bisca^anddosomescubadiviag. . v« 

Ifs enough to malm yoo wander if his haiido gets wet tos. ^ 
onderwater. Ifs also eao^ to make you wonder if Johnson might ato > 

. be.thinkmg 4bout the Dt^hms* job when ^ola, now 64^ eventoally* ▼; 

eiiifi eneeiiine faywally now thrt the one-man SpOTtS COP~. * 


r(iND0>":. V 
:: r 


Vi 




JctaK«/aaica 


Norv*s in^iortance,” Johnson said Mqo^ . . 
with his casual *^)Qt we'll be O JL 1 said the $a^ tl^ yridt^j 

DaveWarinatedta'ytoa^'' ; - • ^ 

T HB4 ’IRE COWBOY? defeiidra coordinatoz, Wannstedt inov^ • ‘ 
to the Bents as headooeclL Mimnn Butch Davis"* 

as defensive coordinator. . - * 

“^t anyliinB yon miss a kcypencin hkeNorv,** tight end Jw Nowacek 
'^peistm that tan the a 'persoa that madeusdo what wfr- 

did,ycnregoijij^toinis5thaL'' . 

Whoever the new ofleodve coprdinatbr isi he wSLneed tune for the^- 
offduiveplqitotobellievemhitoasstrion^aslh^bdievedmlbDi^ - 
Pmnwtt Smith, quarterback ITOy Ailaiiiin and vndeiecdvcrMi(9iaiti'~ 
Irvin are agned and sealed for iiean season, tot tt the Cdwt^ Ipse sooR' i 

of those offensive Hnemen to free agto9< ^ tome hrto mi^t not be- 


Oito-. 

"Z. 

L-rtt - 


mu {km'* 




Ernmia Sinidi, his liitesf MVP in hand, Is iiofr witboat pttr as an NFL miBnig bade. 


For Super Bowl MVP Smithy ^There Is So Much More to Def irately Come^ 


By Thomas George 

Nmf York Tuna Smict 

ATLANTA — Emndtt Smith denched (he Su- 
per Bowl XXVUI most valuable player trophy at 
the news conference in to honor. Ym knew that 
the sparkling, sterling silver trophy was in sure 

It was easy pickings for Smith — the bandoff 
came from Paul Tagliabue, the National Football 
League's commissicNier — and be handled it as 
gracefully os he had the 30 handoffs and four 
passes from Troy Ailnnan in the Dallas CowbOTS’ 
30-13 cbanqnonship victory over the Buffalo 

Seemingly always selfless about to work, Smitb 
tfianked to offensive i jnffni-n and hb other team- 
mates, particularly saf^ James Washington who 
had a big game of his own. Sure. Smih said, 
Washing;^ easily could have been the ^mer 
Bowl MVP. 

“He had the game of a lifetime,” sud South, 
who also reedv^ a new car as part of the MVP 
prize. “James can drive the car anytime he wants." 

Siniifa wanted us to know that this will be a 
season be will always remonber. Certainiy, vriien 
we think of him now, it is one diat we not 
forget. 

The NFL nisfaing title. The NFL MVP. The 
Super Boul MVP. 


He ought to ffi straight from Atlanta to Las 
%asaodroO me dice. 


He rushed for 132 yards and two touchdowns 
and ^ned 26 more yards on catdies on Suiulay. 
He did not fumble in the 34 times be handled tto 
football 

The Bills' Thurman Thomas was not as produc- 
tive. Thomas finished with 37 ruriung yards and 
one rushing score on 16 carries phis 52 yards on 
seven reoeptkms. 

He fumbled twice, the first leading to a Dallas 
Gdd goal in the first half. Tlu second 55 secemds 
into the second half, was scoc^ \xp by Wariiing- 
lon and returned 46 yar^ fw a toudidown and 
tied the score at 13-13. 

Smith won the battle against Thomas and now 
he stands alone atop all backs m the NFL Baxiy 
Sanders^ Bany Foster, Ricl|y Watters? None m 
those jdayeis can ttnicb in postseason produc- 
tion and m Super Bowl imgs. ' 

It has been quite a ride (or Smith, age 24, 5 feet 9 
indies (175 centimeters) and 209 pounds (95 kilo- 
granuX who is in only to fourth season from the 
Univeisity of Florida. 

“Emmin is such a great football player," said 
Jimmy Johnson, the Dallas coach. 'Tve tried to 
analyze why he's so good. He's the best nonb- 
sonth runner I’ve ever seen. He pves you subtle 


moves but he's still always headed toward the goal 
line. There is no wasted motion. 

‘’Wboi we were evaluating torn for the draft, 
they said he didn’t have great speed. He made 50- 
yaid runs. 65-yard runs. 75-yara runs md he was 
playing against some of the best football playeraia 
the'couniry. 1 didn't want to hear anytinng about 
speed. The guy is a performer. And he has as mnch 
pride as any fooiball playa Fve ever been 
around.” 

Pride. And toughness and character. That sums 
up Smith. 

He fought for a big contract through training 
canqr and through the Cowboys' first two games 
— both losses — before fina^ reaching tenns. 
The Cowboys' owner, Jerry Jones, and Johruon 
believed their team could win tdg without Smith. 
He pro\'ed both «Toag. 

And because of that pride. Srmth has put the 
ugl}’ coaiiaa a^tiatioas behind him but has said 
tbai he will never forget the turmoi] he suffered; 
tuimofl from Jones that Smith fdt vras nqfnst 

Even after last year’s Super Bowl Smitfa pre- 
dicted that he would have to'fight for to value and 
that the Cowboys did not fuU y appredate faun. He 
predicted that Aikman would agn nxxe easily 
than be would and did not understand the di^»n- 


ty in treatment between quarterback and running 
back 

He was righL But aD he did was come back, not 
sulk and play through pato inrf»wtmg a 1^ injury 
in Novemba and a sqiaraied ghftnM<y in the 
r^ular-seasoD findagainsi the New York GiantSL 
Thai victory clindred the NFC East title and 
gained Dallas home-field advantage tinoo^ioizt 
the playoffs. That game may foreva be his signar 
turegame, evm mo r e than this Soper Bowl 
Smith and Aikman nowjoin a lon^ unpr e si v e 
list of Super Bowl wiimes feamred adominani 

back cotmkd with a stodv quartoback, wfaidt is a 
required lornmla to win the d ang tioo d iy. 

Harris and Bradshaw. Craig and Montana. 
Csonka and Grkae. fii fact, SimthJcMXB t >nnka as 
(he only backs to rush for KX^plus yards in 


b tim first year (rf tto Nation FootbaB leagpe'S sal^ cap at aroi^ ' 

_ 1 ^ that to toiatant ookiiBS win cori-"’ 

centrnte iiure to asses&ng exTNai^*' 
ll\ l^iOTnC cooed free agaiis m tto next few^-‘ 

weeks than in scouting qbll« 
pluwen for the armiiiii Aptfi tfiarL''* 
“The only reason we went for that on fou^ “It vrapM be dflM 
down is we had Emimiti;” Johnsoo-stoL loolae to mtike an inqiaci'* John-'* 

“If Emmitt bad not been in tiiere, we would have son said, “ wiia ea a ’a .fiw agenfr* 
iridred fliff firid p>ii1 " mights^ in aiidmato-min]{weC-^ 

What's next for Smith? He said be wants a atapostam ediereto iingltti^ a . 
2,00&-3^TDriiiDg season. Five or six more Siqx! freeapatt:WetoveitxniuiidertbB'-. 
Bowl lings wDold be nice. ' sataiycqi to sign 

“Ihereisso iiiiichiiioR to ddhttiely GonoBjuid I hato tod jp>oot tod 
havealotofroomtogrowasafootijutoyerand agents.'* 

as a person,” Smith said. ‘*My lu^ Mmool coadi -BntwbeneverJdhnsonazdJtoes. ^ 
once titid me that if yonte satisfied, ypn'TO. talk . about them^ ridationsi^^ 
thrixi^ and there is noamere dse for yrm togb-*^ tbnRTsa diinm tiie'alr. ‘ ' 7 -' 
Obyicsis^,itwasaleaQnthatstuci(. Hi tto Staler B^hyigei; to 

Stoth said that noooeindividiitl is bigger than ^poto eqnpnent.terRton ootO',- 
tte tout on ttoDaito Cowboys. Iliat may be tito nxxcial ' showed Johoadn ibering. 
but jutofaig from the wty that Dallas struggled aksg a dus^ road and sf0|toto to ‘ 
witbosuhimandsoBiedwithlnin»topgi^^ pkki^afewCbwbtoplqyra 

qxato muto kiodv than those wqiu. nifcm^toite&pffB^l^ 

On Siper Bnwf Simrfay, nn enr to fflie xtiaAm'&ntotstotoJboeshasto « 
as brightiy ss Smith He wa^ -truly,' an "np*** fl nunb ^te but Jbfansen drives Iw... 
player.IntoabsoiDeattbestaxlbewasafbcusaf "Waan C' 

this NFL season. Present at the end, he was riffl tost... r ftUJ oimatokitqw driving. . 
the focus of the season. - as Jones waves the dmt away. ' 

“Emmitt makes this team go on the fidd aod .“Jesy bad the idea for not pidt- «. 

behind the soenes,” said offeosve goaid Nate nu'him tiie ooedi es^flmied. • 
Newton. “We^^ great player^ but evmybo^^ witfaa.t^ saale.'ffgiiessliewaiit-'! - 
latdies onto Ernnatt in some way and hehas taken edtomwttoconuDBrcialtortol-.H- 

,.g «n -W n 


4t|itaS6.Sfstt?'5.j 

Tioijjirj:;.' 
-BdODTa: - 

Btoai fa ‘■‘'- 


talk .about thefr^ rdationshto<’> 
tbetosa diinm tije'to. ^ ' ’7.- 

hi tto.Sitoer hyig^ to ApK 


Csonka and Grkse. hi fact, Smtthjtou f tonb as 
the only backs to rush fca KX^plus yards in 
consecutive Sc^er Botos. 

Smith’s teammates view Mm as a iwvtfm 
source of insptotion. Onoe the Cowboys bad 
gained a 13-13 tie; they went ahead on Stotii's 15- 
yard scoring run. Reran on seven of eight plays m 
that third-quarter drive and gained 61 of Dallas’ 
64 total yar^. 

And then, late in the game, whh Dallas at the 
Bills' i-yaid line and fscing fourth down, be 
scored to make it 27-13 and sealed the victory. 


flf.iwnD3E r..‘r» _• 

tohotiUL:.: 'Tcv 

liitool - • 

sopi'ryr.^' ■« 

Ikhdasi::.-' .■ *. 
slBlih!v!i"n:.'.<T : 
neiilCBri> r. 

^WaldCapIhL:.': 

S MCyriVrTL 
tomdilsai;';"':;” ".r. 

Ifidri inigl'' iSi': • -: 

“■lily’s pTKCr;, .. 

On. 

Wb bttffl h.: y . j 

Wtheldlftr.-.: ’ , 

vkateCssTii'.- '• ri 

VtotharsM'* • • 

^bedrfix.;:. 7.":- 

^®®oibeiir.K i,— • -• 

•MaittaibsTc"" 

toconBagout;:*v- . 

Ihredyiia-j.; I .J. " 


us aO on one heck of a ride.” 


isticaspasable.*' 



















international herald raiBUNE, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1994 


Page 17 



.N* 

•S. 


. . ^AtueletedPasa.. 

tiKU^Hgute-Skating Cha&qocnslqjs. • 

^ brack a plea baigaia m 


% 5,**^ 0* K^iigaa. Under tbi 
mxo^ GiDooly vill serve Umonlhs in a 
feoenlpnson and p^a5I00,a)0 fine. SeanaiG- 
mg-^ettfcnAi^ I. 

- ..^peakiBg (orqwitefs later. GiQooiyslawver 
Ronald a Hoevk, ui^ Ebidma to admithtt 
Fok nr the . -. . r: _ 

‘'Ddnalisoo.- 
truth ahrat 
been iei«yed.” 

that ‘Ttt hopes flhe wffl do iftot he 


icates Harding in Pleading Guilty to Attack 


.* Eoevetaaid. 
crime has sow. 


sonahy obtained the saihe (d the rink 
Kenipn practiced and gave the nmroval for 
(he assault • 

/*Wfaes the assaidi had not taken 
Ni^Yea^s Eve, Tonya becaw tvset^ 
said,'adi^ that she had coomlained **that 00 
seemeott) be aUe *to do (has dm^ for ber." 

^HoCT Bt.said tiiat after Hardiog aizived m 
Detroit for the ehanyinneii^ she pexsooaDy 
obtauud Kenig an*s room «wwnt>t»r and pracdoe 
sdtedule and f (owarded tbe mfonnaiion ID her 
husband, ^ aqvpEed h to the 

Hoevet' add Gfifaxily and Harding lied to 
^(bonties is Detent ahea they wens qoes* 
tkoed.ft^owisg the attack. 

He said Oilk^y and Hardinghad concocted 
' a com aboA the asmnlt. 

In oomt, Hoevet told tbejiidge that GiDcidy 
had partid ^Bd in “thW tnghiHgd 

• Tonya lianfin^' and the oth e r men who 

have sSheady been ehgffw^ 


Prosecaiofs said Kenigao aod her family 
werainfotised tbe pte bffigaio and suj^on- 
ed the disizia attom^s ^orls. 

C^lkxdy mas accused of a^g Harding's 
bodyguard, Shawn ^kardt, u> sod all^ 
liiti!^ Shane $tam and allied getaway driver 
Ocnidc Smith to Detroit to club Kerrigan on 
the knee, knocking her out <tf the nation^ 
chanqNiooslups. 

Harding went on lo win the dumpionships, 
along with a qxK 00 the Olympic team. Kerri' 
gaa was naam m the otliff womeB’s figure 
^tisg^ot. 

Hoevet said investigators had gathered evi- 
dence that included idepfaooe record^ bany 
records and ndeotapes u> back up ffiUooly’s 
sioiy. 

In' a statement issued Tuesday before Gilloo- 
ly entered bis plea, Harding again denied the 
aocDSatiQDS and called them evidence of **a 
ctmdnoed pnetioe of abusive'ocKtduct 


to disrupt Tonya Harding's life 3»d destroy her 
career.” 

The OMle divonxd^ Iasi summer, but ibeo 
rcconojed and were lix-ing loBciher at the time 
of the auact 

Harding continued to train before bn ndr ftd s 
of onlookers at the shopping center where she 
skaies. 

Last week, Harding denied any advance 
knowledge of the attack and said we did not 
lean umil days later that people close u> her 
were posabfy involved m it She has not been 
diarg^ 

The Moimoniah County depuQ' district at* 
loo^. Norm Frink, sought and recdied an 
exteofi(» Toe&dav from ifie court on the grand 
jt&y tepon due *Tbursday. 

He said there was the posubility of more 

indietmeDU. 

Also Tuesday, a special committee of the 
U.S. Rgure Skating Aksociadon was to meet to 


consider whetba* to necmiUDeod roDoving Har* 
ding from the team 

cm Monday, the LLS. Olympic Comnuitee 
mcluded Kerrigan and Haiding on the team 
that will compete at the Winter Games tn Lille- 
hammg , Norway. 

Michelle Kwaii. 13, was named an alternate. 

The Games begin Feb. 11 but the roster cw 
be as late as Feb. 21 . The women s 

figure sitting competition b^ins Feb. 23. 

Mike Moran, spokesman for the U.S. com* 
tninee, said Tuesday' that it would be map pro 
priate to comntent on the day's events. 

Gillooly told authorities that he and Harding 
began planning the atiadc in eariy DecembO' 
after she fmi^ed fourth at a competition in 
Japan and feared that judges at the U.S. cham- 
pionstups would hold it agaiost her. 

”Tbey viewed Kerrie^ as the dear favorite, 
the fair-haired girl*' Hoevet told The New 
k'ork Times on Monday night. 


"They tbou^t what happened to Tonya in 
Japan was politics and that would hun msr in 
Dcirctti.*’ 

Gillooly reponedly contended that Harding 
agr^ to pay Eckatdt SIOOO to get the plan 
roUieg. 

Hoevet said chat it was unlikely that Har- 
ding's guilt or innocmee would be establi^ied 
before the Gaines begin and thai be hoped 
Gillooly's story wcatld force her removal from 
the team for unsportsma^e coDducu 

‘'It would be unconscionable if she would be 
allowed lo stay on the Olympic team,'' he said. 

Id another development. Nike Inc. an- 
nounced it had given Harding $25,000 to de- 
fend her position on the team. 

"What we object to is that all Americans are 
presumed innocent uadi you are proven guilty 
itnWt you are a great athlete.* said Hike’s chia 
executive, I^p t^ghi. 


S52 







71 


*-T'2; ■ 


- IiwmaUondHooMTtibiaK 

L ONDW — It is apprraefaiDg 20 yw smee ihe BraHHan' iolo 
naraao^ woo die FIFA presideocy dnoo^ the tffpwHfnf at 
wooing Africa s 42.meoiber ooimtdes. w^ in 1W4, for a 

qnarter cl (be mtemarional sriecer faw^ ty 
Havdui^ traded with fhe 'A&icans: dieir vota in w«*t>;iwy» for 
i^reae aiiat Kw, resources, xecognition. ‘Two. HgwuW og, the result has 
bna a ffloc^ blessmg ctf progress and pioblems fi>r African soccer. 

Topol it mildly, some of lun'danges prestdeudal have 

pmfafwirbeforegiace:BehaseoQoiBagedH> TM qiiSf»?Frilaspri?ciy* a “r 
^ iCT digiCM S., FiQfit moves hnn meue than prop ri cQf. Yet as the idd 
djnoSIrtM' prqiaieS to SeAa siaah fonr-yem mOTfh i [tf. rtwiym g him wwantly 
Ids 8 (kh ao ope can sot he and Africa have fariti^^t 
Gfeiiia and Kuru are tumor pliers on the wodd junior stagR 
. Cagjgodo gave &lio 9Q soul and ad^niie; and bsa Hayatoa, .a 
Camembaian, aits « a FlhA Mcep redA-wf 
- African soccer as a whote is sduvei^ mod} nyfag to find its loodog.. 
fUw ooold'&'be otherwise where the pnority is cAim surviva]?But out at ■ 
povoty. dtd'crf A&fca'svast open gMceSj. come iifliiiral ta 1 enL<t.SKn «g«» 
was, never wiH be, theprodupurfco ad^ ig. No matter how many bafee- 
beaiingi .QicarCbla funded tntois FIFA sends odt, it is the sm^me 
freedook dm tinie^ the ftsctnatioiL of . a ball, that nmtaies creativity. 
What flows from Ro^ hfifia azid CmneF^ R a W<nU O 9 
has its QogiDs xD the child’s ^playing, 
hour afta hour, with a makesw balk 
fiee of the danger of bong nm down by 
anhniainlo or the dutnierion (rf 
■ T machinea or computer pma. So. 

thanks; -Mr. PresUent, for' Mnging Africa out to pl^. The cootiaeoc- 
needed onb' a sq)f^ of fo^ialls and an open imvtaikm to remind os of 


Rob 

Hiighoo 


MR 


V Ti M 

• « rib 
“ !'*■!' ’ ' • 


ity years it was easy for Havdasee to midge aride ^ old 

*tanled to om’ludca (i^ £rd^niatia,-^ne9Et fled^i^aci^R 
ooafineii^ Aai^ as cdkmal oatpost^ Sit Staidi? aamemw.alo^ 
dKN^ it i^i and proper that emergnig CDmitries advmbe hLthar own 
v^, awa time; Havdange's qidd pro qno acodemed the process ai^ 

whh hiieBth btking s peedy fjitiwnniH Pn ^ainH '' 

At the 1990 WortdOi^ scnneiBldCariigbQBMm shooting let En^md 
off a host of rfiancei, and wf Ktj ^gplriiBd mddmg'pRscnted Engbnd with 
two penahy goals. So the £astiritw<m, 3-2.. Bnt^ sunniier 
not Engbii4 wiS be agun in the W<sld COp. 

The liKlainitafate A aielopg in the tooth, and Cameroon 

is less fibdy 10 biiedeqi iBro U.SjA 94 ftanjdietwwafiil Nigerians. But 
QimoMCamep»imghmhBaoTymbg8i^i<s.'Afl)crtfa»ggMoohh^^ 

42 more or wi^'to bc.the ^iSst ^-dde^.evsr 

World Cup.fiiidisL . - .‘f. ^ 

S OME YCKJNGSXITO reckon that is nnfsoc,^ ", 

tinrioghte ihiid *ietircmcnt* ean^ pt dunce to tih at glory 
by tfrifing aw^ m qoafi^lfing TOUMS. And CaiDROoifs new coach, Ebnri 
IVgriw?. >p^ dtare tbeplnaa' notions of democracy, bat it was the 
coontry’s pretidest, Fuif Kya, who pem^ ibe old lion to 
return 

Miila be^ his ctmiebadciast m 
played the M 90 ndniites, he aooced 

leadm Canon, and 73,000 



For Ski Jumper Nieminen^ 1 8, 
No Longer a Victory in His V 


. ’ “S ‘ 




SIDEUNES 


•c*-* 




...'j-'H- 


i;fac .TmmeiR Yaounde. He 
. i^df a2-2 draw 

Some critics 
ij!ewtinies.A|^It*s 

dm to be defied, hYjust another myth. like the trade tecords that 
Westeraeis bdieved were man’s finui mitfl Kenymis and thdr Hke ran 
diroa^ the barrien, scaiody noting flidr 

wiki cat, the thiidb the mdinBtkn to rest his body im tiw in-beewra 

y>^,' awiTiig out fresh and hungry for-the Ng ones. . 

If be leaDy wane it, who is going to stop him ttying? Besde^ It m t 
lilreOeMgc Anmnari renuning rotire it^ Nt and 40 and potting Iwain 
«<ptfe« 7 tjdr AUMma is putting on the liiM is bis reputation. 

If only iP thtwB* African were so dear cut Soccer there nmiors life 

«ny modi as it does dsewiiere --heace Steftn Ttow, Cameroon’s right 
00 ^ and emnain, was draggedpui 
cf ins car and beaten, about tim 
head four tho^ a few dajQ b^ 
fora last year's Cameroon 
Tod^ w Tataw 
stair^ &t as modi as 
. mm try ti) c^MD 19 African soccer, 
some^diRnmnsiL . 

Tbe National Soccer League of 
Sooth iMiica is beset by those bn^ 
ina foreigners under false names, 
wone^nmry Coast 'and Ghana 
hm been mde&ntefy snspemM 
' &om an Ccatfedecados oi Afi^ 

dab.eonmedtioosbecaiiseinattaes 

between i!he two natkms’ dubs 

BBT W>tmg r l^pCS .and 

mgs. This ^nay be as an 

Ire. criminals and extranist^ 
hot Nmeda^ Africa’s big bci>e fp*" 

UAA 9A last week diowed tbe 
vobtitity there. 

FIFA farthering tbe Havdange 
***^ lPkCT p^*”"E *bevimvtowaro 
a Wodd Cbp (» African si^ 
ed'Nigjeria the 1 995 world nnoer^2] 
diaippfln^iy — .{he fizst 09 OT 
•itrfwiw^tinftai soccer evcDt in Afo- 
cA-L^’than 24 hours later, ® 
anm>d ytig hrote intb the FA 
beadctaBiters in Lagos, shot a 

antt stole two CSTS, OOS 


T<»ya Ebndm& An iMnrds befoR a boitte of phofi^rapbas, fd six tiroes dming ft wociowt 

Record 10 Bids for 2002 Winter Games 


TheAsodmairna 

LAUSANNE, SwitDBriand-- A record 10 omm tries 
have bid for tbe ridt to sta^ the 2002 Winter Games, 
the Intsnimioaal Otyugik Comminee srid l\iesday. 

Thn are Alma Ata, Kazakhstan; Graz, Austria; 
Jaca, Spaia; Ostersund, Sweden; Poptad-Tatry, 9ova- 


in Budimeri in Jane 1993, said the record interest in the 
20(fZ Omopics oonfinned the appeal of bddisg tbe 
Winter and Summer Gaxw is separate years. 
This mouth's Olympics m UQehammer, NRway. 
Tfigjlc the he gianing of a new <yde in which the Winter 
and Snm^ Gam« are staggered every two years. 

will be in AUuta in 1 996, 


ida;Qoriwc City, Qoebec; Salt Lake City, Utu; Sion, The non &muoer01yni^ will 
SwKKtland; So^ Russia, and Tarviao. Italy. fedtowedby cbeWuiterGainBsipNagaa(7inl^,aad 


Salt lake City, Jao, Ostersund and Sochi aie bU- 
ding for the second straight time. Salt Lrice City, 
narra^ defeated tty N^ano, JRian, in the bid£^ 
for the 1998 Olymtncs, is the current favorite for 200Z. 

Tlie IOC wiU select the host chy at its sessku 


the SunuDCT Games in Sydney in tbe yem 200(X 
Tea tads, however, may be viewed with alarm Ity 
some oCfkj^ Tbe lOCs president, Juan Antonio 
Saiwaranfih, has been seeking to streamline the bid- 
ding process to reduce the costs and travel involved 


By Christopher Garey 

.Veit- York Tuna Seniee 

FARIS — No winter OKn^ian 
ever flew so far so young b Tom 
NienuDeiL 

In AlbenvtUe, France, in 1992. 
the Fmnisb pbenom fonned a new- 
fangled V with his sla tips and 
neiwessly rewrote the record boi^ 
by winning two gpid ">wt»tg and a 
silver in sb jumping at age 16. 

But next month in LQIdiammer, 
Norway, there wiU be no more pr^ 
codous bercks. At 18, Nieminen is 
a far ciy from the fearless, focused 
athlete who dominated in France, 
and ^day in his hometown of 
Lahti, be failed to make the Finnidi 
fMympic team. 

Competing in his national chan- 
pionsh^s. Nieminen finished 2Sth 
out of 46 jumpers on the nonna] 
hSl and could do no better than 
20th in the large hill oompetition. 
which ‘^just to add insult to igoo- 
ffiisy — was won Ity his 1 6-year-cU 
bromear, Sami. 

“I rtiinit, for me. the winter is 
over.” a di^iihed Nianinen told 
tbe Helsinia aewspqier Hufvud- 
stadsbladeL ‘Tt's 00 use to talk 
about the Olytopics. Wbat I am 
dung ri^i now has tittle to do with 
ski jumping. From this noth- 
ing wowd have changed much in 
only th^ weeks anyway. Only the 
guys who can jump sboiw go to the 
Ol^iU’ics.* 

-At this moment, we simply 
can’t mist Toni,* said Kari Yu- 
lianttila, coach of (inland's Ski 
junqting ‘‘He makes one good 
pnnp and then the next one is had. 
ntyscalty. heis in veiy gcxd shtqTe. 
The problem. 1 flunk, is mentaL” 
The problem is hardly new'. Sid 
jompen in Finland are accorded 
same status as pro football stars 
in liie United States, and tbe vast 
m^ojity of tbe Scandinavian na- 
tion was glued to its idevision sets 
in 1993 when Nieminen became 
one of the youngest male Winter 
Olympic ^Id medalists in histoty 
by an chonn g Finland to victory is 
tbe learn competition. 

Two days later, be won on the 
large hill to become tbe youngest 
mail* gold medalist in an individual 
event 

Returning home, be was 
swanqied at £e aiipoTt Ity adoring 
young fans. He quickly moved on 
to dating an dder woman, endors- 
ing a mjriad of products, and. most 
cootroversially, driving a new 


^kons car that had been ^ven to 
hun by a sponsor. 

B^nse Nieminen was only 17 
and the mioimuin driving age in 
Finland is 18, be was given special 
permistion 10 drive the car to and 
fromi^tlce. 

1& jumping has never been the 
same since, in part because bis com- 
petiion have grown increasin^y 
comfonable with the V style that be 
was one of the first 10 master. 

Ranked only 67tb in the World 
Cup standing this season, Nie- 
mioen did not even compete in the 
prestigious four-stop SpriDgertour* 
nee and ^ni tbe month ot Janu- 
ary de^ieratriy searefaiog for some 
semblance of his previous form in 
national compedtioDS. 

A good performance Sunday 
might still .have saved him a spot 00 


the Olympic team, but Nieminen’s 
half-hearted jumping quickly end- 
ed tbe debate. 

“EveTywhere it’s the same kind 
of story, not only in Finlaitd,* Yu* 
liamtila said. ”]i's not very eaty to 
ban^e when you are 16 years old 
and have everything. *rbe whole na- 
tion was 00 their knees before him. 
He got money, cars, tbe wherfe 
thing.” 

His younger brother apparently 
will not suffer the same fate; De- 
spite Sami Niemineo’s surprising 
victory Sunday on tbe large biU, he 
will not be one of the five Finnish 
jumpers at the Olympics because 
be has no World Oip or European 
Cup points. 

Bui. he said. ”I have plenty 
time for the big competitions.” 


Moser-ProU, Kronberger 
Want Ski Speed Reduced 


JetrVtaMd/KciaaB 


Retaen 

VIENNA — Evet-higher speeds 
are malting the women’s World 
Cup downhill races too dangerous, 
according to former Austrian slti 
champions Armemarie Moser-Pr^ 
and Petra Kronberger. 

CommenonB on Austrian lelevi- 
sion after the death of their compa- 
triot. Ulitke Maier, both Olympic 
gold medalists said Monday eve* 
ning that some downhills were too 
Fast and too i^ for women. 

‘'Only a bamdful of women can 
master 'them, the rest look bad.* 
Moser-Pr6U said. 

K i o n bager. who has quit World 
Cup skzuig. suggested mat speed 
should be reduced in favor of en- 
harxsd safety, arguing that this 
would have 00 eETeci on the attrac- 
tiveness of the sport for spectators. 

In a trievised panel discussion, 
experts ia the span were asked u> 
commeoi on tbe fact that there bad 
been “more deaths in skim in tbe 
past few years il^ in Formula 
One motor racing.” 

Maier, who after breaking 
her neck Saturday during the Car- 
misci^Parialdicben dcnmhill in Ba- 
varia. was the 13th skier since 1959 
to ^e in compeuiion or training. 

Tbe former Austriao women’s 
team ebiof, Raiaund Sager, said 


SCOREBOARD 


itened Rii^j Cbp Alterna Sites Picked 

LOND(3N(AF} — €StiDg<X)Qcerosoveraecaijty,ru^unioaofficuls 
mol fonr Boe^bUt alteniatiye venues Tuesday for the 1995 Worid Cup 



in case the political sitoatioo m South Africa deteriorates. 

ryBrjuU sud Japani Britain, France and Anstialia-New Zealand were 
00 standby to host the event, sdwdul^ few May and June of next year. 

•YRmoudy there f~ ' *-= — 

Africa soon after a 
dudnnan of Rti^ worid Ctqr.- 
May and June 19^” 

No^ 20 IMissoim Beals No. 3 Kansas 

COLUMBIA, Xfissoori (Al^'-^Mririn Booker led a balanced attadc 
with 16 P OTT**,- aD bat two in the seo^ half, as Na 20 Missouri took 
coBtnfl of the Big H^t Coofereoce with a 794S7 basketball victory over 
No. 3 Kansas 

The Hge» (15-2, 6-0) ended a SDc-gaoie loring streak against the 
Jayhauto (19-3, 4-2) and t^ a two-game lead in & conference in the 
orqy game myeftving ranked teunsMntd^ mghL Kansas has ww the 
conference r^iflar-season danqnoorinp the last three seasons. 

Giisox Sign Veubira for $20 Million 

CHICAGO (AB) --lluid basaaan Robin Vsitua and the Cbict^ 
ViifaireSoxftvoided an arUtratioa hearing by agreeing 


'theNigerianicamalthe 

1994Wc*ObP;- 

The r^diaess of Afito to s^ 

events is scane way behind tne de- 

itirfitspfiyos *0 step ititd 



Bo Jad^ who innied-down an arbnrsti(« offer the nOure Sm 

to become-a bw agent, has signed widi rite Catiforiiia Angels for SI 
maitnBj with inccDOTre that can take it to about S2 nuBkA. 

For die Record 

Eoriiiitij wfav b«anie ttefim foragner to attain the somo rank of 
oxefoL or chaopioa, has been gisited Japanese cftzzeDsiup. tbe Justice 
hfiiusBy said op^ the. dow for the Havwian, 30, to start lus own 

(AP) 

Danis Coftwr win not take paii.in (be fourth of the Whitbread 



NBA Standings 

CASreNN OOffFERefKE 



ANonlK DfvMan 




W L 

pet 

BB 

Now York 

90 V 

Jto 

— 

Oiiotaa 

at 17 

AOS 

5 

DMorel 

20 21 

AOI 

10 

BoMon 

20 21 

MS 

11 

NvNJoreiy 

IV a 

83 

11 

PMtodelDMa 

If 24 

.43 

12 W 

Woatoitalan 

14 a 

an 

H 


Control IHvNtoB 



ATiotta 

30 11 

J3Z 

— 

QdCOBD 

9 13 

JV 

1 

Ctarton* 

a a 

JU 


CMveivta 

71 7t 

JOO 

m 

indteva 

17 a 

J2S 

I2W 

MitonuMe 

12 to 

94 

IM 

DviTOtt 

9 a 

J14 

any* 

WCBTENN C0NFCN6NCE 



MMvNOlDMalon 




W L 

PW 

«B 

iwuton 

31 10 

.254 

— 

Son Antonia 

to 14 

J74 

3 

Utati 

a 15 

asi 

4 

Denvor 

30 ai 

AM 

11 

Mteniwta 

U 27 

J41 

17 

oouos 

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FaettcDrrtstea 



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as 17 

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73 18 


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LXCIISBOra 

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17 

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a 29 

JV3 

TVW 

MONB4Y9 NESULTS 


eioviicBd 

at 9 

to 

2Z-U7 

onfrell 

3> at 

88 

21 — KT 


Murray ». IZ T«u)c$sm St. 74 
Nwr OrlMm «. ArlAJtff. Rack <l 
OM DenUfilon TV, Va Carnmoimcoitti 74 
S. Careihia Si. » PivWo ASM sr 
Southern U. IM SE Lovlolene W? 
Ivemvll). 74, Oitcooe Si. TV 
Morquetle H. Soutn FterMo Si 
Mltsourt 77, Kenaa 47 
Metre Deme^CS NorttrWaesS 
a l»Mi 17. Ovtfhtm a 
TWB-Pvi AmenoR 74. Usnar 70 
Sl Jaaesli'f 70. uc Senm Oertora St 




NHL Standings 


N.Y. Ronaen 


Fkrltfa 

pniWeipMe 


'meAPTopRB 


The Mp 8 MaiM te Rie aMee SoMrfMl 
eriv«aa iinHOoee 7010 bi PvtBlkeMwr^ 
orUi tmufS Mo. a. few eelnti Sawe en s 
eehUa lore nnVftaot vote itanwoMene paiw 
lera gn i i nwj ees n e* iMiit raW iRiai ; 


Tompo Boy 
N.Y, Isiwidere 


C: NwKeMSSvai Prlcs»U24 8; o: 
Dumen »-ls 1V19 8. Ttames >4 & 
irwwli nurflinfl 52 (M«KV Ml, DrtreW 
4S (AnOrson 14>, Aaritfs-aawland 8 
(Price 4). Deiron tV (TMIIb 51. 

Aimto If M 8 17-10 

Mta» If 8 W 8-8 

a: WHUm»-174>434,Blavladi 5-177416101 
ami» f-v *4 22. JoaBon 4-» « u a*- 
BBUBdi AWcnloa (wiinsU).tallas53 (Oft- 
vU 10). ftMlra-AHoBta W (aioytockf J. OW- 
tee 23 IJodmn S). 

rnliliii State 8 8 8 8— 110 

kaciiMen 8 n a ir-Jt 

0 ; Webber M ^ SS 0n«» S-I1 v-8 8, 
Sprewoll W3 ■•10 Si LA: NWmMO 5>17 0-10 



Roeort 

FIS 

*99 

1 . Dwtetfl) 

15-1 

I.SW 

7 

Z Norm CoTMfcn (31 

174 

IJ29 

4 

aKsmO} 

194 

1,«S 

2 

A UCLA m 

W -1 

1 J 01 

1 

& Csnmetcv? (7> 

nn 

uto 

4 

a Artotas 

14-3 

IJV3 

5 

r. Kontuom 

194 

(.170 

9 

a Putdwo 

174 

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7 

% Loalmlllc 

144 

lAM 

n 

W. Ttaiwte 

33-2 

197 

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11 . MesMewwtti 

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— 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 
AtlBonc Mytatan 

W L r Fli CF OA 

8 13 3 47 18 18 

8 14 4 

71 17 ID 

M a 3 

a M 4 

IV » 4 

17 8 5 

NwWuBB DhrUge 
Paitoo 8 14 V 

Ptrtvbufvh 8 M 11 

Mvrtrvoi M IV ■ 

Butfele 8 8 5 

OuMec 8 8 5 

HartinrU 1? 8 5 

ONavre 9 V 7 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 
Caetrai MvINm 

W L T Pts OF BA 

TvuniD 8 14 ID M m 18 

Petreir 3 14 5 

OeliM 8 IV 7 

SL LeuN 8 10 7 

Qiicaea 8 8 4 

WltiMpeS 17 8 4 

FacHle Otybiee 
ColDorr » IV V 

VoncMver 8 8 7 

Los A w aelei IV 8 4 

Arwhoim 75 9 • 

Sen J«ee 14 8 H 

Edmenlen 13 3i I 

MONDAYS RESULTS 
Quebec D 1 

Sotos S 1 

FirW Peried: B-Wesiev 7 (BourauA Ju- 
twov) (FBt: B-Oato4 w (wester, BMraw; 
isPLSecBstf PDflvb: 0-BassNi4 (KamtntKy, 
Sultfier) ; B-Nceir 8 (Qoim. Juneau). Third 


« m 177 
S 18 18 
SI 18 18 

8 18 U7 
44 m IS 

9 1» 145 

8 164 144 
SV 18 171 
St IW 18 
n 143 U7 
ts ^a 177 
TV 18 174 
8 18 »2 


41 221 18 
41 W 18 
5V 141 18 
8 18 18 

8 1M 86 

sr 1 V 0 iM 

9 171 144 
8 »7 1V4 
8 l« 18 

8 141 tsr 

M 18 18 
9—1 


FcrIeS: O-Boesen 5 (Sutter. Kamenskvl; B- 
Neely » IBeureuv) Icn). 0-Sundln a ISo- 
UO.5lietoOTee8:0tDnCaser}4-I>ll-as.B 
(on FNeO IV- 10-14— 8. 

OUcDOe * 1 4—1 

omnre 4 4 #-• 

nm PeiM; None. Sacantf PertM: C-Weln- 
rieti 3 (Motteeu). Third Peried: None. Shetv 
M oval: C (en Sminetonl AS^ia O (en 
Belfeurl V-ST-l*. 

Pimberub 0 1 3—3 

ar. B usv era I 3 1—5 

Fim Fwled: N.Y.-oenner a (Groves. &i- 
eovl ipp). SeeMd Period: N.y.-Gommr 8 
rriuwen. LselOt) (ppI: N.Y.-NemcnInev 17 
(Keniev. KarrevMvii N.YMftesaier iv izv 
hew); P-SWtetoh 5 (Murrby. Fnmds) ton). 
ThM Period: N.VH41ertner M (Mresler. Zu- 
OdvJ (PPl: F-MuHen 9 (Slovens. Frendsi 
(dpi; P-sirehoiviBrewni.slialseaeo8: P (on 
RIMv) D^«-& H.Y. len WreegeU 1M-5-8. 
18 Airveiei l • 0-1 

VenGsever l o 1—4 

FIrsi Pertod: v-CourtnaH 17 (Remtaft. 
Piovele) ; I-A.-Lgi« 2 (Canaoier. Houdo) ; v- 
($ellne» W icorsai). Seand Period: None. 
TWru Penod; V-Gellnos U (Siegr. Burel; 
Shetsonuoei: LJL (onMcLeon) 4-3-10— 19. V 
(m Hntaey) iMI- 0 — 3). 


Third Test 

Awiraw vs. Sooth Africa 
FhMi dn, Tdesdov bi AdofaMo 
AustraUfl 2nd lndi)p5:18-4 18 overs) 
Seom Africa hta Inninns: 18 (losa overs) 
AuftroEMo M» Dv ivi ruts. 

Series drown 1-1. 


ENSLISH FA CUP 
FeOfia ROBBd 
Belton 7. Arsenal 3 


safety measures bad improved 
mark^y in recent years but there 
was no way to avoid *gaps* in piste 
safeguard 

He said it was perhaps time to 
consider a step back fiom ever fast- 
er races. At p(^u in some down- 
hills, women racers are clocking 
speeds of over 130 kph (SO mph) . 

‘T wonder if tbe so^-G and the 
downhill arc not clashing with each 
other.* Berger said. ‘'As the super- 
C gets faster and fasi8. the down- 
hfll is practically obliged to get 
more spKtacular.* 

Tbe super-giam slalom was in- 
troduced as a separate World Cup 
discipliiie in tbe 19S5/S6 season 
and as an Olympic event in tbe 
19S8 Calgary Games. 

Berger s.ud it was sot speed in 
itself but curves and jumps that 
made lac^ attractive. He raised 
the posability of cofflbt&ii^ the su- 
per-G and downhill for womco 
into a single event 

The suggestion was stqiported by 
Kronberger. Speaking of the 
mouDODg pressures in the sport, 
she said tbe Swiss cbampioi) Vrent 
Schneider bad been unfairly la- 
beled a coward when she deaded 
not to race in the 1992 Albertirflle 
Olympic downhill after teammate 
Sabine Gintber suffered a bad faQ 
in training. 


Mantle Enters 
Alcohol Qinie 

/Vfw Ycric Tunes Sayice 

NEW YORK — Mickey Mantle 
and ftc SummeralJ ate loagtime 
friends, fonner star athletes in ihdr 
60s with different backgrounds and 
education but one common, de- 
sinictive vice: aloofaoL 

Two years ago. after SummeraU 
cculd not complete his aimounctng 
diores at the Masters g(^ tourna- 
ment, friends and famujr persuade 
him to get help for his alcohol 
abuse. He reluctantly agreed to en- 
ter tbe Betty Ford Cater, tbe clinic 
in California for a 33-day stay and 
has been sober ever rince. 

Mantle entered the dinic last 
week. A statement issued by his 
buriness manager said Mantle had 
had a 43-year battle with alcohol 
and has suffered from memory loss 
and Nackouis for six years. 

*I was the friend who inio'- 
vened.” Siunmerall said Monday, 
‘^e've had a number of long, tear- 
ful talks,'' he said. “Ihere were a lot 
of siinilarities between us. If I 
hadn’t been there, and hadn't told 
him how faniiHar I was with tbe 
ceoter. he wouldn't have gone.” 


nituittvftltave riios fv 
^^icaVsDss fit to ♦ 

nTiftStructnie is more o^ieBO® 

ca the fdks back home, on UK _ . 

a«>MTrty god pro^ of Datwns. •Koaad'the Wodd' Race to Funia dd Este. Uti^nay, his co-ric^ on 
But do .not dMibt that the Old ^ g ig/insing. Brad Bmierworth. announced in Apctland. dtina 
Bmoi^ cooservim energy^ es ^f^ner ^g bigness ccMiimnnien t s. •' (AP) 

cooninshas Roger Mm bdoDtaaft ilUefeft tested pt^hive to steroids at 

iralSStf to the odd. vindictiye .^^ijfficiabsaiA.llieywerefeiiialBSwm^ st (owem «, u« awdi ds iv fww ia. 

^ rfWi such as^ S^Sinmpir^ 

VUefnastb^oidOxp^;- M. Basri; Suiya, 13/ conWbeccane the worid « yo^ •*" 

*31 lump aroand to the iwrt ^ atbleteL • • • • • (AP) 

- *-- • M viiMirial CnBifimi damamed ov earthquake, cm 

havetobedemoliSttdandtdimlt,offidals8^ ■ ' ■ (lAT) 

Treiy YoMh, fired as the national team’s manay at ye^g end, said 
be wSl^ the Welsh soccer assoiutxa to wion^ dtan tsaaL (AFP) 


ojde it n^t take Africa to wn, 

dwmai^bosuaWoridQip- 
\aaHh^n<mAeaAf*f^^^ 


Major CoHeBB Scores 


for awBlinanr 

i Read THE MONEY RBOff 
avHySotwtkiy'inlb*l^ 


aefton CoMoee 71, (toOTBetowi 44 

Dortowitti 80, Holy eras » 

MohiD 74, Poirflew 74 

SMn Hsi) 4A Frwidwea 41 OT 

'ciemm HeriiawleE of the United -Statra ii^^aed his WBA junto J?Fra>ea!^ 77 . xo vnr; o oio n 
IjghNa wgb itiflebvstoppiayJflroRanihttOfMeriooiDtoeW S Sniir^* ^ 

in I^ewood, C anf or ma. _ (AP) g, r«nwBtt «. wfc Fumen vs 

■ Steve' RoMoaon of Wales is to defend his WBO featbowaght title CMrataTv. stoim 41 

Pari Htufldnson of Eneland on March 12 in Cardiff. ^ ; (AP) H««ni u. «l Moroon a. « 


escorts & Glints 


BELGRAVIA 

ORCHIDS 

LONOCK Pa» eC OTT A«N CY 
CBStrCMDSACCffTS 

UK 071 589 5237 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


(Continued From Page 11) 


FERRARI 

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071 7M 9077 Ondt oordi nmn ^ ^i 










EVTERNATIOIVAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1994 


OBSERVER 


Soother of the Beast 


By RusseU Baker 

N ew YORK * At Ibis time 
last year reminists had the na- 
doD alert^ for ao onset of wife- 
beating. Statistics, they said, 
showed an alarming rise in Ibis 
erime at Super Bowl lime. 

Afterward other people pro- 
duced statistics (hat showed the 
f gminim * statistics Were nonsense. 
All this showed once again why, 
when statistics are bei^ pa^ 
arDimd, snun people say. ‘*111 just 
have coffe^ thanks.** I don’t know 
who was right 

Like so much news nowadays, 
the story was almost all build-up 
and pracU^y no foOow-up. If 
somebody studied the police re- 
ports after (he Super Bowl the actu- 
al count of wiTc-bea lings has been 

buried so deep by the i^ia that I 
can't Find tbent Can this silence be 
prima fade evidence that the femi- 
nists are adraiuing erroi? 

□ 

Maybe it just reflects a new trend 
in ine&a manipulation: a tendency 
not to push your big horror sloiy 
two years in a row. Note 1992's 
Columbus Day horror stc«y — the 
shocking news that Columbus was 
a ISib-^tury European, hence 
morally uaTit to deserve remem- 
brance by a people as morally supe- 
rior as ourselves. 

lo 1992 it was a really big story: 
by 1993, dead. Last Oct. 12 came 
and went so peacefuUy that it 
seemed ^lumbus Day might sur- 
sive another 500 years. 

As for the Supff Bowl, I'm skep- 
tic about its power to make men 
beasts. It always drains the beast 
right out of me and leaves me se- 
dated rather than roaring. Of 
course Super Bow) games are fam- 
ously dull. If there were a Super 
Bowl every day. no American 
would ever need a sleeping pill. 

Sportsters keq) tr}dng to ex- 
plain UUs phenomenoo. but there 
are nooaihikic reasons that require 
no locker-room savoir faire to gi^. 

For one thing, here in the it 
is ^ways scheduled for 6 P. M. on a 
Sunday. Six P. M... whatever the 
day. is the hour at which the human 
spirit ia at its lowest ebb. This is 
why healthy people use it to n^. 

]| is also why lelevisioa stations 
use 6 P. M. for their local news 
shows: They know a 6 P. M. au^- 
enoe will be too duU-vritted to per- 
ceive that a procession of body 


bags is a sh^by subsdiute for a 
re^ news report 

Among ihe drinldng classy the 
human spirit’s 6 F. M. despw is so 
notorimis tbai 6 P. M. is derignated 
"the cocktail hour," or — with cru- 
el irony — “the happy hour,” 
Whatever they call it their impulse 
is to escape that lowest hour « the 
s{»rit by using a drug that depresses 
the central nervous system. 

Awful as 6 P. M. is on the other 
w days of the wedt it's deadly on 
Sunday. At that hour all of Friday’s 
foolish dreams for the weekend 
have dth^ materialized or failed. 
Doesn’t matter which. All that 
lootiu is Sunday night: all those 
crooks on “60 Minutes,” all that 
BunafuocD-and-Ainy-^^ rot on 
the netwo^ all those Englishmen 
cm PB& and then — Monday! 

The ingredients for putting hus- 
bands in the swinish vein would 
sffnn almost impossible to assem- 
ble at 6 P. M. on a Sunday. And 
bdore somebody says. “Sure, but 
it's only 3 P. M. in Califomia,” let's 
remember that at game’s end it Is 6 
P. M. even in C^omia. What’s 
more, if it has been the customary 
bore, CaUfomia husbands will be 
even more sedated than the Atlan- 
tic Coast breed. 

□ 

It was said last year that the 
brutal vitrience of televised football 
brin^ out the latent brudsft io- 
stinci of the wife-beater. That, if his 
(cam Joses, his roused juices move 
him to malci? his wife pay for his 
duappointmenL Thau even if it 
wins, his pleasurable experience of 
violence nu been so vicarious that 
be feds a need lo taste the real 

thing 

[ ^>eak now as an e?q>ert tele- 
rised-football viewer. It's true that 
a tease game, such as the Super 
Bowl unially isn’t, involves the 
couch potato in a lot of violence. 

Watching the tube, 1 often catch 
myself flinching, twistiqg, grunt- 
ing. groaning, suppress^ a cry of 
agony as tons erf besual linemen 
pile onto my magnifleeat pasang 
arm . . . 

After such a game, admittedly 
not often played in the Super BowL 
Tm too exhausted to scold ao in- 
fant, much less lift my hand to a 
woman. For another thing , an af- 
ternoon like that leaves you 
ashamed enough already. 

yVi>w York Tuna Service 


Mike T . eigh; Improvising Inspiratioii 


PEOPLE 


By DessoQ Howe 

U'ahingun Pal Senke 

N ew YORK —Most movies — panics 
ulariy American cnes — oome at you 
with their tuning poiiiis and dimaxes pn- 
charted, and heroes and riOains dearly de^ 
hneated. But the British director Mike 
Ldab. whose Films spr^ out of a unique 
method of improvuaiio^ cdlaboranon 
with his actors, eschews sudi predictalrility. 

In his murnationaily known works, such 
as “Naked," “l^e !s Sweet" and 
Hopes,” events seem to unfold of their own 
aocotd. The effect is a fuaon of posl-“kitch- 
en sink'' realism and ^pod old wefi-rimed 
comedy. The possit^ties seem as unprfr> 
dictable and serendipitous as life. 

Leieb is q™tl in statute, and only the 
grw fledts in his beard betray lus 50 years. 

Ld^ wbo stands at the foicfmu of a 
criticaDy aedaimed group of British-based 
directors liai iodudes Ctodt Jarman. Ter- 
ence Daries and Peter Medak. s^s, “My 
OQsoiim preoccupation is with faimUes. re- 
tnU niiMi pg , parents, chOdren, sex, work. 


intuitive, emoaonal, sutgective, empirical, 
instinctrve. Fm not an iotdlectual filmmak- 
er. Primarily iny films are a response to the 
way pec^le are. the waj- ihmgs are as I 
expoieoce them, la a w^. they are acts oi 
taking the tempo^ture.'’ 

If so, “Naked" is the most likc^ to crack 
the lo an era when sexual roles have 
become so acutdy examined, diis modan 
allegory full of disnirbingly rapacious a- 
counters drew fire at Carmes, where Leigh 
oeveribdess took the director's pria — and 
David ThewUs the acten's awud. 

In “Nake^” byper-mteOi^t drifter 
Johnny (Tbewlis) ias a genius^vd kno«4- 
of Weston phOosqiAy and tfaedogy. 
but he's an iUtoate in his dealoigs with 
women. As soon as he seduces ih^ be 
turns verbally sava^ and physioUy abn- 
ave. Far worse than Jot^y is Jeremy 
(Gr^ CruttweU), a loathsome landlord who 
bullies women into sex. trea^ them 
througbout with misogynistic disyin. 

How much the wtxnea participate in 
char viedaauiioo has bea the main bone 
of oonlentioo. Lagb is angry at those who 
faawoonctuded that, by portraying a naspi' 
ynist, the film actually is nusogynisde nt 
pewts approvingly to two critics, Georgia 
Brawn and Any Taubm of the ViD^ 
Voice, have reviewed the movie vntn 
unequivocal entbusiasoL 

Leigh oonsidets their reaction “the seri- 
ous. mature femunst positioa, that Fm d& 
lighted whh, diat has no problems vrith the 
film at all There's aaot^l^d of reaction, 
which is annoyed by the film R 

shows vtaaen beiog weak — 'Why aren't 
the women showm more poativdyT — aD 
that stufl. To be honest, I fee] that’s kind of 
naive. The film (Mainly is neither porno- 



Ld^'s fihns are as aqaetfidaUe and screnfipitoiB i 


gr^hic, nor is it a c^bratioo of male 
dominance. 

*T would also ^resiioa bow much rape 
there acraaDy is in the I would ar^ 
I hat, w hflfit m no way. ofavioody. does one 
mndnTM any irifiH (X ispt, cvcty situatke 
that’s shown is of people who are there by 
choice for whatever sad reasons." 

Leigh remembers a 'iiappy and sad” 
childhood in Salford, near Manefaesta, in 
the late 1940s, “where ycu vrauld have ei^t 
or nine fliefc faouscs whfam waUting dis- 
tanoe." His Fust movie was “I^DOcSchio,” 
but as a child be was rased on a dies of 
Midiael Powdl, Jdm Ford. Billy Wilder 
and Presttm Sturges. However, at soma 
pdnt in his movi^ioiog youth, Lei^ 
members thinking; ^t would be great we 
could have people in Sims like people really 
are." 

His paients were n&ddle-class Jews — his 
father was a docror — in a workiag-class 
neighbofhood. so Lei^ who went to “very 


mental rh****«*i Lei^ booed a diiBOW tw t - 
srite in wrtuch gave peifotiiws &« 
withiii his gpiddluKS. when he anbairo 
oa Us fihomakmg career in dieeaify 197us, 
he bioi^t the method wilh him. 

In his Ghns, casts h» adora wim 
only a general sense of the dtancters th^ 
«Q1 play — or the stoiy theyTl be in. in 
extensive ooe-on-ODe oooveisatians vrith 

his perfotracB. those daracteisarafigtto 

de£m^ Ld^ then irudBBs the actos (who 
very often .have not met each other yet) 
intoact in gmiii in^BOVBatioaal onooun- 

ters. During dus period of fiiifr tuning, iiMd- 

justment and opCMiided exp eoment atiott - 
— which lasts for iqr to four mooths — 
scenes are coiqiletely worked out ilM mu- 
saipt is “written” and the aewinvRedro 
onbaik on the latest Mike Lo^ fum. 

His fiistfilm, the 1971 “Bleak MorDsats'’ 
(financed by Albert Rrmq^ about a worth 
an vrfto has to look after a mentally hn- 
paiied sbto', won the Golden Hu^at the' 
Oi l i ^ F3m FestivaL In 1972, be made 

’’Hard Labour," a downbeat works^dass 
drama featuring a young Bai Km^iey as 
an Indian cab detw, for the iraeir 
“the British film mdn^ was dive and 
and hidzDg out in tdeirisiOB.'’' 

The next 10 years was Jjd^’s faadal^ 
period, iriiat caQs a “brillii^Xantaisticf' 
wim in vriikh be made Us dramas with no 

questions ariced and a£anTV.airingdate.'' 
“HaIdLabGlUI"alsolnariQedilis&fstlneet- 


wDcking-dass schools,*' moved between two 
social classes. In I960, as a “17-year^ 
tittle fat boy,” he passed up to hii 
parats’ honor, m a sdudasfaip at the 
Roi^ Academy of DiamaDc Aits. Al- 
though he learned a lot. he ags, “we never 
actually mvestigated anything real from 
Qfe. It was aS about «*igw>nE out leodved 
ideas of periocmanceL” 

He studied theater deagn. went to art 
school and attoided the London FBm 
Sch^ He bad a brief, nnsaliriymg period 
with the Royal Shakespeare donsmy, a 
QUQor career as a Irit actor, and triedwnt^ 
in the tiud-1960s. ^ he sa^ *T leaEy 
didn’t get a buzz out of the sami^ nature 
of wrimg. 1 was fasdnated by diiecdn& 1 
wanted (o fihnx, that was deBr." 

Ittl9K, when LcjA became an assotiate 
director at the bfidlasds An Goitre in 
BifTningfram. he began wiwking impfowaa- 
titaally witii teenage aemts. After furtiier 
icfioementitt dramawDikshops and experi- 


in^ rried socD after. A brfliiam cooiedicpo'r 
(otmer,- riie has a ppe ar ed in «gbt or his.' 
works. 

Wodting for the BBC for 10 yean, then ; 
depend^ oo the support of independent 
twviaonstationChs^ALo^’ioaqajt- 
in tte 1970s and *808 was piQrtjgKWsTniae 
havebcm mote fliBp.40woriB for stage and ' 
screen. 

voy stimnlaiii^ to woik vrith Ima,’' 
s^ThewB — but it isn’t easy. **Yoqwo^ 
until the ear^ hours of the wrtb- 

out any pret&tabili^. You’re never able to 
nmVg arraDgemeats in yoat social IRb. 
SometiiBes you vrill be r equ ir ed to wait ty 
the {Aone — and if an iomrewisatioo 1^ 
otiier actors teq uira your wracter to be- 
bm^ bade, the asasiant director vdD call 
up. Ifo teDs you to warm up, and ^ to sndi 
and a place. IFs a nt Hke being a 
fireman." 

Thewlis became, in he own words, “real 
Obsessive, feyperactive and ftostrated" in- 
the role trf Jofamiy. 

Asked about UtewGs^ dedication. Xe|^ 
says be diacouiagcs compiete role anmet^ 
non as “tmhealthy." But he adsoonkdges 
that Ins creative process “takes you <w." 

. “I tbmk I suffer Aom tint ton,'" he said, 
six mouths ytm don't » out, you doift 
eaL go fo the movies, soduize — 14 bents 
roi^ the dodt. dsy in, day out" 


hi^McaiaShoeQue 
.The a man an- 

ciised of stealinr uom Maite 

-IVai^ .actackfid her dutacter is 

eoiirL. addi% whietiKT die had been 

a woman." Owek Jones’s 
lawyer, Anthony Mocosco, also 
• um hfS'ifline&aolaced issoss-eat- 
ammatioa to suggest that Dnnq) 
rotrpfffed t^ sQM th^ to ftace 

Jones lb letum idiotos of her in the 

buff. Jones, who was her p ub lican 
is accused of stea&ig dozens of 
paira of dioes. iindcsww, jtiioto- 
graphs a^.oriier items-frtm her 
imartnr"* When ' iq pott ing ' . tile 
iftifM to die pdice^. TtQnm said 
smne.^asiihr {titotoowhs - were 
intsdi^'"Woald yottincmde under 
the snlnect phofogcapfas,' 

nDdephofogn^ m yon taken by 
your married lov^" Morosco 
ask^ he Waaat married at 
ttmt time," Truam rqified. Donald 
' Ikmip, who a^mvoned from Jzis 
prerioos ^e, Ivan^ in 1992, was 
n ia fri^ to tire fonnm Marla h&- 
plesiaDecembw. - • 

. .-D 

. and Tom Ovise ^ 

receive' t& year’s HasQ^ Puddiqg 
awards. The Harvard theater greqp 
honors ftose vriio make “a lasting 
.and'-hrmressive ecxittibutioo to the 
woddm enteriammeot." 

: . 

• Priireeas Gloria-voD Tlnn end 
Taxis "of Gennanjr htokB-her right 
atm on n rid vaewtm in Cdorado. 

-p: 

. SupMi Lqrittiw^behonoeefffor 

her fife's 'wo& with arrhonmaiy 
GqldeD Bear at the Bedm Film 
■ Festi^ v^ch bedns next wedL 
- □ 

-iUidllreNo.] lera David Let- 
matt Ukes wcaking fwImacaBB 
'naebi.' chahroan of CBS: Tisch 
‘^Rootusetito & me up w^ Ao^ 
iaaitay." At a dnm bonoong 
'Ilsdi Are bis pialaiitliroiw. Letter- 
man, who agiM a $14 mimoa con- 
irttcwi^ OS last summer, puDed 
out one of has tnddnaik T<» 10 
fis^ AiQoiQ tire items on iti nfou 
gR fo miret ME Bxdtenxnt UiDsd^ 
Viee Pieredsnt AI Gor," ^ llsdi 
“dedded tof^nw'Sala^instead of 
Inddmg for rootbao." 


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PMsbuiBh and euifalo later 
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Mlddfa East 


Europe 

Heavy rains wtll sMIt trom 
Ireland Thursday on south, 
ward through wosiem 
France arrd nonhem Spain 
Frvlay into Salwday. Heavy 
raina wll rea^ twnhwaslam 
Itali' tiy me weWiand. Lon- 
don and Parla will have 
giBty wkKb and a lew show- 
ers. Snow mil he scahered 
tram Oslo to Warsaw. 


Asia 

CoW. Wvatery weather ^ 
Sigar o*w Japan and north- 
easlem Chino Thursday. A 
rapid rnodendlon set ki 
Fnitoy and oorttaia ino the 
weekend. Seanared raina 
wU ocev over aaudnvNiem 
China. Hong Kong through 
Shanghai wt hm ganarWIy 
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latar ihia week. 


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ASIA/PACPIC 

AuFMlia 0014R81-011 


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23S-2R72 

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99-3»001i 

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9600-100-10 

191*^1011 

0130-0010 

00400-X5X1 


COUNTOY AOCESSWUMBER 

Bungpry 00*<0fr<lim 

TrdamFo 990001 

Irdaod 1-800-550<00 

lay • 172-ioia 

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Kuwait 800-288 

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