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Paris, Friday, February 4, 1994 

No. 34,503 



. < 

Pjsal Rotupol Rctrrs 

IRATE OVER IMPORTS -?-A French fishenun striking a poficesrao’s shield dming a protest Thursday in Boulogne* Demonstrators also ransacked Paris's wholesale market. 
A widening strike by Brittany fishermen over imports Is a new test for the government of Prime Munster Edouard Bafladnr, which responded by promising more aid. Page 2. 

The Voters 9 Message for Kohl: Ilfs the Economy! 

. By Brandon Mitchener : . • 

Iwema6oncd HeraldTrfbunc . 

FRANKFURT — ChanoeBtir Hetmnt Kohl's hanriKng of 
[he Goman economy has cmcrgcdassuch a political liabffity 
that tiectioa* beginning this spring could propd a nete coafi- 
tion to power for the first time in more thana decade. ■, ■ ■ 
Widespre ad Sce pticism of. the govenuneat’s recently pub- 
lished prediction tbfiUhe paitGeniWeccKKHtiy Wpuldgrow as 
much as ! «5 percent fids year after shrinking L3 -pctccnr hi 

- Economics Minister Gtater Rexrodt defended the govern- 
ment’s new 30-poml. economic platform against charges by the 
opposition that it would fail to create a single job. 

/- are deaKng with the problem," Mr. Rexrodt said the 

plan, which is a mixture of draft laws, plans and proposals to 
help revive jbe struggling economy by sparring investment and 
helping small business. 

1 993 was onedear agn tC^Gamans amJninp^b4ar . Democmnc Party called the plmwmdtw dressing to hide the 
offwal^faflcd pmrS Of ad W tract record during the recession. 

; ,bigga£o?ane^$j^ca&^ wilT pc caDed to the polls beginTongin March for 

wccsaco. awJTew**fc~w-:^ V J9sepiSwte*tateand focai elecoonsthis year, ailinnjati 0 g in 

Another sign <0f thscmrUait ivas a Sraw&oof omiteTfmis- Qct 16 federal election* in which Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s 
day in (he Bundestag, th6 hmrhouseof pmfiaroent, inwhich consenraliyi^iiberid coaUdcmisWiddy expected to cede pqwer 

to a new, grand coalition or a government led by the Social 

As Bonn fiddles, public disgust with officials and distrust of 
their ability to make government more responsive bodes 01 
both for the rejection chances of Mr. Kohl and the likelihood 
that Germany will be able to provide the economic leadership 
Europe needs anytime soon. 

“The economy will weigh an Mr. Kohl in the voting booth," 
said Peter-Rfidiger Puf, chief economist at Daimler-Benz AG, 
the biggest German industrial group. He said that Mr. Kohl, 
chancellor for more than 10 years, “‘claimed credit for a decade 
of economic growth and win now he held accountable lor the 
recession a S weUfevtn if h is not entirely his fault." 

Mr. Puf and many other critics blame the government’s 

See GERMANY, Page 13 

Georgia Signs 
Military Accord 
And Re-enters 
Russian Sphere 

By Fred Hiatt 

H ashinvion Post Service 

MOSCOW — The leaders of Russia and 
Georgia signed a treaty of friendship and mili- 
tary cooperation on Thursday that is intended 
to bring the small, strife-torn nation in the 
Caucasus back into Moscow's sphere of influ- 

The agreement would allow Russia to main- 
tain three military bases in Georgia and calls 
for Russian forces to help train ana equip a new 
Georgian Army. The Russian defense minister, 
Pavel S. Grachev, said the three bases, housing 
fighter and bomber planes and marine landing 
forces for the Black Sea Fleet, would be set up 
by July 1. 

But in the face of overwhelming opposition 
in the Russian parliament, President Boris N. 
Yeltsin said he would noL immedia tely submit 
the overall treaty for ratification. Georgia’s 
perilous position, which has made Russian leg- 
islators wary of a close allian ce, was under- 
scored when its deputy defense minister was 
killed in a bomb attack only hours before Mr. 
Yeltsin landed in the capital. Tbilisi. 

Georgia's defense minister was wounded in a 
second explosion while inspecting the site of his 
deputy’s assassination. 

Mr. Yeltsin flew to Tbilisi on Thursday 
morning to sign the treaty alongside the Geor- 
gian leader. Eduard A. Shevardnadze, a former 
Soviet minister who called Mr. Yeltsin's visit 
the most important event in 200 years of Geor- 
gian- Russian relations. 

Facing famine and riven by three separate 
civil wars, Georgia turned toils giant northern 
neighbor for economic and military help after 
two years of trying to go it alone. Opposition 
forces in Georg a accused Mr. Shevardnadze of 
selling out the nation's new independence, but 
he said Georgia had no choice. 

"We realize more and more that the tempo- 
rary coolness in relations between our stales 
was a serious mistake which must be correct- 
ed,” Mr. Shevardnadze said. 

The alliance between Russia and Georgia 
reflects a trend among many of the 13 other 
former Soviet republics to seek military and 
economic protection from Moscow’ after two 
years of declarations of sovereignly. Only two 
tiny Baltic republics. Estonia and Latvia, have 
managed almost totally to reorient their trade 
and foreign policies toward the West. 

The tread, especially after a strong showing 
by extreme Russian nationalists in parliamen- 
tary elections in December, has met with am- 
bivalence both here and abroad. Many Western 
analyse, as well as politicians within the former 
Soviet republics themselves, fear that Moscow 
will take advantage of its neighbors’ difficulties 

See GEORGIA, Page 4 

By John Damton •. 

New York Times Service 

LONDON — The dispute over the American visa for Geny Adams, 
the Irish republican leader, has touched a deep weflguing of anxiety 
here — the fear that the Drifted States no longer cares about Britain. 

British governments' are accustomed to new American a dmin i s tra- 
tions coming into oCBce infteoated.witix the political throw-weig^ of 
the Germans or casting a covetous eye at commensal, possibilities in 
Asia.llluippcnQd wthRjonaJdReagaa and itTuppened even more with 
George Bush, according to. Lady Thatcher’s memoirs. 

: Bat sooner or later, the drinking goes, the Yanks wffl get in a right 
Spot with some dictator somewhere , a Gadbafi or a Saddam Hasson, 
and when they need the moral and mffitaiy backing for a little police 
action, they wifi find out who their real binds are. 

Then they will oome borne again. Thai tranar Atlantic pheme link, that 
tied winsttm Churchill to Frimkim Roosevelt will start bommmga^in, 
and the "special retatiaasbip," as QutzdtiB csdled ft, wffl be alive and 
writ' - ■■■- • . . . . 

Except this time, with the Chilton Adtmmstraticn,-it w not turning 
out that way. 

Thing s have even reached the point where Prime Minister John Major 
hasurinblegrtting President BiDOin ton on the line. When he called to 
congratulate him on the passage of NAFTA in November, a senior 
government official admitted sheepishly at the time, he could not rouse 
him. (Mr. Clinton called back a few days later.) 

Now the two men, who would seem to have a lot in common — they 

~ ' : „ . NEWS ANALYSIS 

are roughly of the same generation, both “self-made” and of modest 
origins — rarely talk at uL Perhaps once a month, ventured a British 
official, who panned oat that they had just seen each other, along with 
theotha beads of stale, at the NATO summit meeting in January. 

(hi Tuesday, Mr. Major snmmoned the American ambassador, 
Raymond Scare, to 10 Downing Street to express his displeasure at the 
visa for Mr- Adams — a diplomatic demarche virtually unknown in 
recent mernwy. - . 

Though there has been a flurry of communications through the 
embassies anti-through the foreign secretary, Douglas Hard, who 

' See ULSTER, ftge 4 ' 

And a New Factor in Bosnian Equation 

By David B. Ottaway 

■ .w, .... Washington PattService . 

VIENNA — The confirmed engagement of toe regular Croatian 
Army-in die Bosnian conflict has placed the Uni ted States and Europe 

trans-Atlantic and intra-European rift-over Bosnia.-'-- ■ - r - • 

, Thii nMbim now k whether to imDoso sanctions on Croatia ana mk 

-passible Croatian retaliation against the UN neacdusqung force dmt 
hasitsheadqnariers in Zagreb or even marefikdy against themore flan 
2Q0,00a Bosnian Mns&n refugees there. - . y" - - 

. - die Uoiied Slates andme 12 -na^ European Umonhavebem 

agStg for months about whether Croatia's ©atmeiit .shouki be 
.eqidvafcat to that of Serbia, which jn " ltaiy 

in Bosni l*^^ n ** ^ troops from 

in preparation for a new round of fighting. - ... ■- .. v <. 

v- Kiosk 

’ The Clinton administration has taken the lead recently in warning 
Croatia that sanctions might be imposed if it remained dir«Xly engaged 
mtKtatDy: in Bosnia. The U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, 
Madeleine K. AHwight, tdd the Croatian president. Franjo Ttuginan, 
dining her visit to ZagrefeonJan. 5 to 7 that his army’s presence inside 
Bosnia was of “rn^or concern" to the GHnion admmisaation. 

^ It^might m fact lead to sanctions,*' she said. 

- A State Dqwnment spokesman, Midiad McCuny, referred Monday 


lo Mrs. AIbright’s commons, describix^ them as a "fairly stern wara- 
ing” to Mr. Tudjxnan about possible economic sanctions bring imposed 
cm bis nation!. . 

But European govetnmenu arc badly divided over the usefulness of 
mae-kanc&His to help achieve peace at this tete date in the Bosnian 
imbro^KX There are increaang signs that the European Union, particu- 

See BOSNIA, Page 4 

Ten> IU«Be'A|EW FrUK-Freec 

SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY — Discovery lifting off Thursday from Florida with a 
cosmonaut in the crew as an era of U.S.-Rnssia space cooperation began. Page 3. 

branch Theo- Own Kocket 

2W iniliba yen (about $2.4 MHion)todevid : 
Book Review’. ' - - . 9 ' 

' op; frees Japan from’ U JS. veto power over 
lai ^mAirig y ol thirtiaation satdlitcs, a h- 
crasit^ cmidition far American technology 
used in. mwkws rodtets, 

Tbe.iwl rocket js^ ^ one of ihe mostad- 
. vancedinthewodd^mabngRm^ 
sive than launches from other nations. 

Bridge "> 7 ‘;V • ' "Vfttge.R. 

Human-Rights Reports New 9 Grim Focus 

U.S. Cites Discrimination and Abuse of Women Worldwide 

• Mowsston d Pr^ ices - . 

Andorra ....9.00 ff “S' 

An t| iiK- ..n_aFF ^“Xai’RtoS 

■ OanaroonJ^WCFA njOFF 

ebv« — easw» gSfejSs 

France., — 9.00 FF swegal— J»CFA 
<3otJpn...~.W0CFA Spain 
Greece,..-.^» Or-; Tu nlsta 
Ivory Coast .L1M.CF A 










• I.74T5 


^loa, & 


By Steven Greenhouse 

New York Tones Service . 

• WASHINGTON “ For the first time, tie 
Stale Department has focused on the treatment 
of women in. its annual human-rights report, 
. and its findings are grim: forced sterilizations 
and abortions in China; Burmese aiid^ Thai girls 
coerced into prostitution; maids beaten in Sau- 
di Arabia,, and rids ritually mutilated in the 
Sudan and' Somalia. 

In pain staking detai^ -ihe report on 193 coun- 
tries issoed this week paints a dreary picture of 
day-to-day discrimination and abuse. 

In Zaire, gutls spend one- third as much time 
in school as boys and do most of the fteavy farm, . ...... 

Colombian women typically earn 30 to 40 
percent less than mem ’ . 

In Congo, adultery is illegal for women, but 
not for men. 

Indonesian women are loath to go out alone 
at night because they are widely seen as fair 
game for sexual attack. 

“We wanted to highlight the situation that 
many women face around the world," said 
Timothy E. Wirth, the State Department's 
counselor who oversees human-rights policy. 
“There is a problem of rampant discrimination 
against women, and physical abuse is just the 
most obvious example.” 

The report took a broad view of women and 
human nghts, looking not just at abuses by 
governments, but also at the indignities and 
discrimination that governments often have lit- 
tle to do with. 

But the State Department’s human-rights 

team reported progress in a handful of coun- 

In Turkey, the government has opened shel- 
ters for battered women, and Turkish women 
are working in increasing numbers in profes- 
sions, business and government, including the 

In Mexico, women now hold some of the 
senior positions in the Congress, and the gov- 
ernment is sponsoring widespread education 
programs on women's rights. 

“It’s an important breakthrough for the ad- 
ministration to tell governments around the 
world that this is something we are at least 
starting to give lip service u? and bope/ully will 
take more seriously in the years to come," said 
Patricia Ireland, president of ihe National Or- 

See WOMEN, Page 4 

Clinton Lifts 
19 -Year-Old 
U.S. Embargo 
On Vietnam 

Veterans' Pleas Rejected; 
Washington Witt Set Up 
liaison Office in Hanoi' 

JnicriKitrpitai Herald Tnbune 

WASHINGTON — President BH) Clinton 
lifted the U.S. economic embargo against Viet- 
nam on Thursday, opening the way to reconcili- 
ation with a country (hat fought the United 
States to a standstill in a war that rent Ameri- 
can society. 

In announcing his initiative, broadcast from 
the White House, Mr. Clinton said he had also 
decided to “establish a liaison office in Viet- 
nam," a preliminary step toward diplomatic 

But the president emphasized that before 
normal relations were fully established, “we 
need more progress, more cooperation and 

Hanoi's neighbors see a chance for greater 
regional cooperation. Page 5. 

Vietnam welcomes the lifting of the embargo 
as aid of an outdated relic war. Page 5. 

more answers" about American servicemen still 
missing and unaccounted for from a conflict 
that ended nearly 20 years ago. 

Mr. Clinton said that accounting was still 
foremost in his mind when it came to Vietnam 
and that the main reason for removing the trade 
embargo was that it “offers the best way of 
resolving the fate of those who are missing." 

He said that he bad met earlier in the day 
with representatives of veterans* groups to 
whom he explained his reasons. 

“Some were not convinced," he said. 

The president was acting on the unanimous 
recommendation of his national security advis- 
ers, who recently made their opinions known in 
a formal action memorandum, which the presi- 
dent timed Thursday. 

Mr. Clinton’s move was made possible politi- 
cally by a bipartisan resolution in the Senate 
last week urging him to remove the economic 
sanctions imposed against North Vietnam in 
1964 and a reunited Vietnam in 1975. 

That vote had the support of most of the 
Vietnam veterans in the Senate, including John 
S. McCain 3<L an Arizona Republican who was 
a prisoner of war for nearly six years, John F. 
Kerry of Massachusetts, a Democrat who was 
wounded three times in combat, and Bob Ker- 
rey, a Nebraska Democrat, who won the Medal 
of Honor, the nation's highest award for valor. 

Their support and the lopsided vote — 62 to 
38 — gave Mr. Clinton political cover for his 
action. Mr. Clinton needed the protection be- 
cause he avoided the military draft when he was 
of an age to go to Vietnam, and he opposed 
U-S. involvement in the conflict. 

The embargo has remained a highly charged 
issue among some veterans’ groups and the 
families of missing soldiers. Many had urged 
that the embargo be maintained because, they 
said, Hanoi has lied about U.S. prisoners. aD of 
whom were to have been returned under the 
1973 Paris peace accord that ended U.S. partic- 
ipation in the war. More than 2*100 Americans 
are listed as missing in Vietnam, 

Pressure for lifting the embargo has come 
from businesses, which want to invest in and 
sell to the fast-growing Vietnamese economy, 
as well from many who believe that Vietnam 

hasdoneaUit can to cooperate in the search for 
missing U.S. service personnel. 

In a larger sense, the debate in the adminis- 
tration and in the Congress was about whether 
the war was finally over or not. 

Senator Kerry argued that more than half of 
Vietnam’s 70 million people were under the age 
of 24 and had nothing to do with the war. 

M aintaining a U.S. trade embargo while Ja- 
pan. France and other economic competitors 
are doing business there “is an embargo against 
ourselves," Mr. Kerry was quoted by The 
Washington Post as saying. 

Critics Let Fly 
Over Tax Plan 

By James Sterngold 

New York Tima Service 

TOKYO — Prime Minister Morihiro Ho- 
sokawa faced the harshest personal attacks of 
his tenure on Thursday, and his government 
was threatened with a split as even some close 
allies criticized his proposal for a $55 billion cut 
in income taxes and as eves larger increase in 
sales taxes after three years. 

The normally superbly controlled and highly 
visible prime minister stumbled through a news 
conference at 1 Aid. when he announced the 
proposals, which are intended to revive the 
recession-bound economy and rebalance the 
tax system. Mr. Hosokawa then all but disap- 
peared | on Thursday as business leaders and 
politicians, including some members of his own 
party, took turns lambasting the plan and Mr. 
Hosokawa's leadership. 

As represfflta lives of the parties in his gov- 
erning coalition met throughout the day to 
resolve the crisis through compromise, the only 
thing they agreed on was that the plan would 
have to be altered, particularly the proposed 
rise in the sales tax. If not, they warned, a 
□umber of cabinet members would resign, the 
budget would not be passed, and the govern- 
ment would risk collapsing. 

"Everyone makes mistakes, but then we have 
to admit it and correct them," said Masayoshi 
Takemura, the chid 1 cabinet secretary and "head 
of the New Harbinger Party, one of Mr. Ho- 
sokawa's staunchest supporters. 

In addition, some economists warned that 
even with the size of the stimulus measures, the 

Sec JAPAN, Page 4 

V - -t '• ■ 

Page 2 



In Bonn 

Another Minister 
From East Quits 

By Craig R. Whitney 

New fork Tima Serrice 

BONN — Rainer Ortleb. one of 

only two remaining cabinet minis- 
ters from Bast Germany in Chan- 
cellor Helmut Kohl’s coalition gov- 
ernment resigned Thursday, citing 
health problems. 

Mr. Ortleb, 49, a member of the 
small Free Democratic Party, who 
was minister of education, had 
been ill with circulatory and respi- 
ratory ailments since late last year. 

He was the 10th minister in the 
past 12 months to resign. 

Mr. Kohl's Christian Democrat- 
ic alliance is running far behind the 
Social Democratic opposition in 
public opinion polls, a bad sign for 
the government coalition in a year 
that will see 19 stale, local and 
national elections culminating with 
a parliamentary election on Oct. 

With unemployment expected to 
rise this year to beyond id percent, 
4 milium people, and public sector 
debt now at a record of more than 
5815 trillion, the Christian Demo- 
crats have lost some of the reputa- 
tion for conservative government 
that has kept the coalition in power 
since 1982. 

The Social Democrats have been 
moving from the left back to the 
center under a new leader, Rudolf 
Schaming, 46, premier of Rhine- 
land- Palatinate. Polls predict that 
if the national election were held 
tomorrow, they would win 38 per- 
cent of the vote, compared with 29 
to 33 percent for the Christian 

The Christian Democrats won 
43.8 percent of the vote in the last 
election in December 1990, just af- 
ter the unification of the country, 
for which Mr. Kohl was able to 
claim most of the credit. 

Nearly half those polled in a re- 
cent tdevison survey said they ex- 
pected the Social Democrats to 
win, Mule only 17 percent thought 
the Christian Democrats would. 

Ukraine Deputies 
Agree to Remove 
START Conditions 


Senate Panel Unanimously for Perry 


ft||l ||!l#| 

h ru.Vy • : 


KIEV — The Ukrainian parlia- 
ment moved closer to unclear dis- 
armament Thursday by removing 
conditions on ratification of the 
START-1 agreement, but it post- 
poned the main step of adhering to 
the Nuclear Nonproliferation 

Deputies implicitly approved an 
agreement signed in Moscow last 
month by the presidents of 
Ukraine, Russia and the United 
States offering Kiev SI Whan in 
compensation and security guaran- 
tees for giving up its weapons. 

But the failure to join the 1968 
treaty as a nonnuclear slate was 
certain to displease the United 
Stales and other Western countries 
anxious ai what they see as recaldr 

fense comminee. The next step is 
for Ukraine to join the ncwprobf or- 
ation treaty, he said. 

Other deputies urged caution 
during the debate, suggesting it 
would hurt Ukraine's interests. 

“We cannot join," said Yuri 
Kostenko, environment adnata. 
and head of a commission mat ex- 
amined START-1 for more than a. 

"We would lose our right to 
chum the weapons as our proper- 
ty,” besaid. “Russia can say it is its 
own property, and we would lose 
ah our ™*rh to compensation.” 

Mr. Kravchuk said signature of 
the Moscow accord had allowed 
Ukraine to emerge from isolation. 

“I cannot understand and people 
around the world cannot under- 

secretary of defense.” Hcsahi Mr. 
“high standards of integrity-” 

trance in honoring pledges to go stand why Ukraine does not join. 1 


President Leonid M. Kravchuk’s 
foreign policy spokesman, Anton 

he said. 

“Our future as an independent 
sovereign state depends not on mi- 

suggesting it the Nol 2 man at the Pentagon. • 

S-^Yori Black Muslim Fires Anti-Semitic Aide 

meat amnsta. WASHINGTON (API — Louis. Fnnnkfaim. leader dTthc Nation of 
oission dial ex- Tdam sa jj 'nnaaday that be was d i s missin g a top aitalQr raakmg anti- 
or more than a. Stic rnmuks. coffin* *e 

. • ed.” Me. Fanaihan dissooated tansetf tom tbe w gffo g faanafional 

1 001 * **** to spokesman, Khalid Abdul MuhamnwL who had zef^flE^to Jews m a 
as our proper- as “bloodsuckere ." w 

ossacansay rtisits Sp ^£\ hal ios0inC e 1 .he was not re^asamg 

^ensaxxoa. .v- mpi-n , ^tn^nted” and “agairot the^iratof tete. »ot_bc. 

a^L^WhiklsSbythe. troths tfiat he spofe I raa rtccfrdcm nm.thc 
d bad allowed ^ in uftidi these truths were re prese nted^" 

tom isolation. i^Fanakban left open the possibQiiy rial Mr. Mubm^ulepnldbe 
and and people ^^heraoimidanwriberof the Nation rfifom. The 

Mnnot under- M ucKm leader said he remained canvmced the Aritir, 

does not join, rv fnmnrinn league of B'nai B’xhh wasptqutficed agamst blacks gad was 
„ tiying to destroy him and die Nation, of 

^o,WtlJlnt^uSe ^ weapons bm on economic 
news agency that the outcome was prospenty. - 

u nvi IiMtwWtflnf C t a t% nlliinK nhTl 

TTte last parts of the Berlin Wall being removed Thursday. New bakfings vdH that be constructed. b ^^ s n ^ proTCd ^ 

margin two points of a res 

acknowledging that the R 

_ 1 m 1 j® a i Ol accord satisfied the conditic 

Downward Trend for Asylum Seekers 

» err * , n r r i 


BONN — The number of foreigners seeking 
refuge in Germany con turned to drop last month, 
six months after Bonn imposed tough limits on 
political asylum, the Interior Ministry said on 

The ministry said the number of refugees, most 
of them from Eastern Europe, were less than 
13,200 last month. 

That was down from more than 14,000 in De- 
cember and a 64 percent drop from 36J00 in 
January of last year. 

Bonn limited what had been Europe’s most 
liberal asylum law after a rising tide of refugees 
came under attack by neo-Nazi and racist gangs 
after German unity in 1990. 

The law made it much harder to apply for 
asylum and gave authorities more powers to order 
speedy deportations. 

The limits reduced the number of asylum seek- 
ers last year by more than 25 percent, down to 
323,000 — the first annual reduction in years. 

“an important step which will 
speed the beginning of real disar- 

“But the president's proposal 
was not fully accepted,” he added. 
“We are not entirely satisfied." 

Mr. Kravchuk hod urged parlia- 
ment to drop 13 conditions at- 
tached to the START-1 agreement 
in November and join toe treaty, 
saving Ukraine otherwise faced iso- 
lation and rain. 

Deputies approved by a wide 
margin two points of a resolution 
acknowledging that the Moscow 
accord satisfied the conditions and 
authorizing the government to pro- 
ceed with the provisions of 

It also accepted the Lisbon pro- 
tocol appended to STTART-1 saying 
Ukraine had to join the nonprolif- 
eration pact as soon as possible. 
Bnt a danse on Ukraine joining it 
did not receive enough votes to be 
included in tbe resolution. 

“The most important thing is 
that the government has been given 
the right to implement START-1 
without conditions,” said Valentyn 
Lenrish, head of parliament's de- 

Russia Cabinet 
Bars Reporters 

TJte Associated Pros 

MOSCOW — Russian jaur- 
nahsts were barred from a cab- 
inet meeting Thmsday for the 
first time since the 1991 Soviet 

The ban appears to reflect 
the cabinet’s new, more Soviet 
style Prime Minister Viktor SC 
Chernomyrdin recently reor- 
ganized the cabinet, shutting 
out reformera and giving key 
posts to former Communist 

in the Shaburah refugee district in the southern 0»a.. Sum- brad's 
rwrinmii news agency, Itim, sad sokfiety tfiagn M e d as Ar abs had been 
operating in the camp, trying to capture armed fugitives. Mr. Muwafi 

headed a breakaway fadKm oftbe FatahHawks, according to BF^h, 

the Palestine Liberation Organization faction that is led by the FLO 
chairman, Yasser Arafat The Fatah Hkwfa are the mffitary wag of 
Fatah in the Gaza Strip. ' ' ' .' 

■ PLO leaders critirizcd Isradforpreagng tfe; hunt for fugitive s at a tunc 
of peacemaking and said theltiOmg could raise toiaons arid complicate 
tntk« tvp pntringtnin effect limited J^lestinian autoiKHny in tbe ocaqncd 

Fishermen Rampage Near Paris in Import Protest 

CoHptied by Our Suff From Dispatches 

PARIS — More than a thousand 
fishermen ransacked tbe wholesale 
fish market in suburban Paris on 
Thursday, injuring 18 police offi- 
cers ana destroying about 60 tons 
of fish in a campaign to force the 
government to protect them from 

highway north of Paris, in tbe 
northern port of Boulogne and in 

The Rungjs clash came hours af- 
ter the government pledged 300 
million francs (S51 million) in new 
aid to the fishing industry. But 

cessions on subsidies in the recent- who sought to stop him. “Our jobs we know that only 80 mfifitms were 

ly completed negotiations on a are at stake." spent” 

world trade accord. “What’s happening in Brittany is Meanwhile, British customs an- 

The fishermen staged similar their problem, 4 a market employee thorities in southern En glitTwt on 
protests a year ago. They re- replied. “We’ve got our own prod- Thursday destroyed more than 
launched their efforts this weds, kms. Nobody is earning gold today 10,000 bottles of wine and beer 
idling 20,000 boats in a national — fve got no fish for my customers illegally imported from France. 

inexpensive imports. 

The police said about 1,200 fish- 
ermen tom Brittany, center of a 
widening five-day fishing strike, 
descended on the market at Run- 
gis, south of Paris, before dawn. 
Other incidents were reported on a 

unions said most of the money strike, b a tt lin g the police in the tomorrow." 
would go to big business rather port of Lorient in southern Britta- Demonstrators later briefly 
than struggling individual opera- ny» attacking trucks carrying nn- blocked the AI highway at a toft 

than struggling individual opera- 

The clashes mirrored violent 
protests by French farmers who 
put pressure on the government to 
demand, and eventually win, con- 

Undcr rules dating tom Jan. I, 
1993, anyone can impart. as mud. 
alcohol as he likes into Britain, from 

ny, attadong trades carrying na- blocked the AI highway at a toll alcoholashelikes into Britain torn 
ported fish nod blockading the plaza near Senlis, north of Pari*, the Continent so long asit Is for his 
northwestern Brittany port of Kos- They stopped a track canying iro- own consumption. Bnt more and 
coff. . . , . ported fish and dumped its load on more people are trying to cash in by 

In Rungis, Ihefishennen, wield- the roadway. illegally King atohd by the 

ing sticks and firing flares, buret The fishermen said they would vanload into Britain and selling it 
thr ° u 8 h bne, smashed demonstrate in Rennes on Friday (Reuters. AF AFPl 

crates of fish and overumied sever- wbenPrimeMmisterEdouardBal- 
alpohce careNcme of the 18 police JadHr ^ ^ Brittany dty. 

rale are trying tocashin by 

orinfimg alcohol by the 

into Britain and selling it 
(Reuters, AP, AFP) 

The state press agency Itar- 
Tass reported with thinly 
veiled indignation that its re- 
porters were barred from the 
session at the Russian White 
House, the framer parliament 
building. Tbe agency said it 
was tola that omy a reporter 
tom Che cabinet’s own news- 
paper would be allowed to at- 
tend such meetings from now 

“As is known, the general 
director of that newspaper is 
Pavd Gorin, former press seo- 
rctaiy and adviser to Cherno- 
myrdin,” tbe independent In- 
terfax agency said. It was also 

Both agencies noted that it ' 
was the first time the Russian 
press had beat barred from 
cabinet meetings since the 
faded hard-line putsch in Au- 
gust 1991. Cabinet meetings ■ 
are typically attended by 30 to 
50 ministers and other senior 
officials. In the past, Russian 
— tat not foreign — reporters 
woe allowed to attend at least 
part of each meeting. 

officers injur© 
long dash was 
dais said. 

the 18 pouce 
g the hour- 
y hurt, offi- 

Agriculture and Fisheries Minis- 
ter Jean Pooch, architect of the new 

The Savoy Group of Hotels and Restaurants 

One fisherman suffered a toe- 

tured skull and another was injured 3° . , J5L anj>wcr ’ M** 

tZ- Pnech said. “The government has 

in the eye, a spokesman for the 
demonstrators said 

Puech said “The government has 
taken measures of an exceptional 

Officials said two demonstrators un P ortailC8 - .... 

woe detained About 60 tons of But the fishermen say the aid is 
fish was destroyed in tbe protest too little, too la te 
against falling prices and cheap im- “It’s a m i ra ge, said Yvon La- 
ports from Africa, Eastern Europe guadec of the grass-roots Survival 
and Scandinavia. Committee movement. “Last year 

“We’ve got mouths to feed” a the government announced a 270 
fisherman told market workers miHirai franc package, and today 

Aggressive UN Troops 
Open Serb Roadblocks 

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Britain Will Not Prosecute 
In Several War Crimes Cases 

The Assodated Pros The shuttle was running smooth- 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovi- ly again by nudmommg. 
na — Bosnian Serbs who had “It was no secret that we woe 
stopped some UN troops tom dete rmine d to go through,” said 
traveling to their regional head- Captain Niels Pedersen at Kisdjak. 

quarters opened the road Thursday “If Serbs understood that as a 
after the new UN commander warning and it caused^ the check- 
threatened to use force to dear the paint to be opened, we’re happy." 
roadblock. General Rose took over toe UN 

Lieutenant General Sir Michael command in Bos nia last we tk. 
Rose, a former commander of Brit- pledging “a more robust approach” 
ain's elite SAS commandos, has toamta^yNmexaiwa^ cspa- 
pledged to get tough with anybody eudly ddweoes of hnm a mten a n 
harassing UN peacekeepers or aid *“■ 

He was about to send a platoon 

Reuters that erf Anthony Gecas, 78. Law- 

ED INBURGH — A Lithna- yers said earlier that 17 suspects, 
nian-b©rn Briton described as a most of them from Ukraine or the 
mass murderer by a judge is to Baltic states, lived in Scotland. 

narassmg peac«seqjers or ai ^ they shoot at us, well shoot ForeignViCtfall Identified ill Thflfl^Tl H ; 

He was about to send a ptaoon that whatsoever” General BANGKOK(AF)— A second Japanese nam has been identified as a 

of British Wamor armored vehicles * victim of a gamr of policemen who robbed and killed forrieuera. a notice 1 

living r&ad 


fidmt^deoce to go M trial under command wr nnal So- 
Biitnin’s War Crinm Ant in any of 

to a Serbian checkpoint that had 
blocked some UN traffic for two 

erations involving the MlKng of in- days when the Bosnian Serbs re- 
nocent Soviet citizens, including opened it, said a UN ^okesman, 
Jews in particular, and in so doing Major Jos6 Laba n derra. 

Rose said Wednesday. . JlT _ - . -. - — ,-«■ 

Problems perasted dsewhere in somcesaidmusdajr. - ; 

Bosnia. Kris Janowka. a UN rdief cased on nnonnafiaa from suspects m the case, the pdice idmtified, 

official, said Sabs had stopped an the victim as Haruo Hayashi, 38. The soimx said ttapdlcel^ matched J 
aid convoy tom reaching the be- f^idaitific^m toabo<fy^<fiscoveredIastJiily20inPr«±iiib^ 
qsgRd M uslim aidave of Maglaj in kuocictcis f59 miles) cast of Ban^tok. 

northern Bosnia, contending it the acrests of seven policemen they ’. #' 

lacked proper authorization. dunged had killed 13 Asian farogneis. Two of the^ victims were identified ■ - 

Civilians blocked anprimr con- Taiw^iese, Jinee were tom Hong Kong and four ap p aren tly tou t * 
vny at tViami. a M i«Rm wiiiaft in L^ina- The identities of the otbers were uncertain, and police thought as ■ 
central Bosnia, and tried to take “^M30peoptem%htb»«beenimiid«red.' 
food from ft until a UN soldier Gales, torrential nfa and bfioarisiiwfpt Britain on Tbuisdw, halting 

■liiim rail llum kir Rmn in ika n.*. farv PWw ti ntt, Nunn 4 mw m . T - -’ 1 - - a .. ■ - , . . 

y" f ff(i 

0 f/l ■ 

GA7A CITY, Israeli-Occupied Gaza Strqi (AP) — -Isradi troops ktfled : 
a Palestinian fight® raiThutsday during a riioot-aat in a refugee . 
(Estrict, witnesses raid. : ‘ ! 

Hie police said an extreme, leftist groeqp, Rewdutionaty Popular . 
Struggle, took responsibility fbr tfae bottibing in a taepnoine can to an | 
Athens newspaper. • • . ! m mm . ■ 

The group has capod an the Socialist government of Prime Minister > 
Andreas Papandreou ,to release what ".it called “political prisoners," 1 
a ppBwm rly to people myrisoned by titofatriousccnsarvatiue i 

government far aOMedfy canying ant terrorist aids. The group has < 
ca r r ied out downs erf bombings against both local and foreign targets \ 
here smeethe mid-1970s, and hasof^iaaed to Greece’s nxmbetrizipni the ■ 
- Emppean^ U bomi and tlMs North Atianlic Treaty Organization. J 

2 Charges Dropped in Charles Assault : 

SYDNEY (AP) — lie two most serious dunes wffl be dropped 
against David Kang, the stodetttaccnsed of fim* Wanks from a starter’s > 
pistol at Prince Charies, prosamtars said ThnrscUv. ■, 

Charges of attacking and (faeatemngthe prince, filed under a law to , 
protect visiting foreign and officia ls , will be dropped became ■ 

Charies is not covmratiy the law, the prosecutors said. Mr. Kang,23, is | 
accused (rffirmg tbe pistol at tbe prince during an outdoor ceremony Jan. , 

26 in Sydney. Charies" was unhurt. . 

Mr. Kang still faces four chantesi assauh, breach of file peace, firearm \ 
possesskmandnang a firearm. These cany poiahksraD^iigfrcmi two to > 
seven years in prison. At abailheaAigTImEsd^pcrfice^ officials testified; 
Oat Mr. Kang, who is being Bdd in the psyemafipe ward at a Sydney , 
prison hospit^ had a kmghtttoiy erf metouilhiess. v > 

China’s Party Chief Fin<fe Some Fault ■ 

BEIJING (Rarifefa) —The Conmnurist Partjrdikf, fi an g 7cnrin, used ; 

atdevised^pearanrecuLDmn^tomockChiiia’s anmesofruxalpar^ , 
officials, suggestihg that fewer than one-third o^tiiem werej yimp rtn rt . 1 
Mr. Jiang, who is also'preridcnt, was rixiwa ^i stare tdeviausi visiting | 
and bantamg with farmers and village leaders Jraifig a srirday tonrrrf ■»_ 



}: < 

party secretary in Qiaoli, Mr. Jiang voiced Ksj«raqwation. ‘ 

“Yotfve linked party _poficy and rules witiL^xir work andprflie « 
party’s call intopr^tice, he praised Mr. Wsng tbe MrtybrmCho ‘ 
m rural areas were like wore, everything would be fine. If ono-duid at . , 
rural officials nationwidi wcre lflre yon n woidd be great” .. / - T ; 

Court Rejects libya CIaimon Chad f ] 

THE HAGU E ffleute ra) — -'The hrteniatiohal Ctart of Justice in ■ 
Thursday o'wrwfaetaingfy ^rqected^ l^rya's clahn to a huge swathe of.. 
Oiatfiai* t errit ory. 

Ruling on a 20-yrar boider dispnte that has- twice erupted into war | 
between die two Afficmanmtries, lhe United Naticiiscoiirt threw out ; 

Libya’s daim to some 500,000 square Ititoanttras (200,000 square miles): 
of desert thooght to contain oil and uranium, . ‘v 
The court nried, 16 to 1, dial tire barite between tbe two countries had; 
been fixed by a 1955 treaty between Libya and France, the Conner ; 
colomal power in Chad. The judgment leaves the border as it is diown in ! 
most atlases. 


... * • V- 

' ~ l*» 


- ■ , ... 


h .T ' - '-- e 

several cases being investigated. 
Most prominent among them is 

viet citizens who included old men, press for the right of freedom of 
women and chSdren," Lord MBb- movement by negotiation initially, 

_ r .i . m a J. •« n ■* 

The platoon’s orders we "to northern Bosnia, contending it 
press for the right of freedom of lacked proper authorization. 

mmmmil Ku nranKsrinn mtiaRv n. , . ... 

JSs wyxtfkvir' 


Just tell the taxi driver, 
“Sank roo doe noo 
5, rue Daunou Pare (Opera) 
w TeL (1)42.61^1.14 . 

gan of the Scottish High Court and by force if necessary, 
ruled in 1992 in a defamation suit Labandrira said. 

Mr. Gecas had brought against The checkpoint is on 
Sxitlish Television. used bv UN vehicles shun 

Lord Medyn-Rees, chairman of 

War Crimes Group, sad a time oand at Ka^ak we« of the aty. 

oraneni oy negouanoa nmuuty. Civilians blocked another con- 
id by force if necessary," Major ^ Opara, a Muslim village in 
ibandeira said. _ central Bosnia, Rnd tried to mlp 

The dwekpoint is on a rente food freon h until a UN soldier 
used by UN vehicles shuttling be- dispersed them by firing in the »ir 
tween the UN headquarters in Sa- officials said. 

encouraging result had been ex- 
pected. “We note the allegation of 
| links with British intelligence and 
j can only hope that this has not 
been a factor in the decision," he 

Some vehicles had been allowed 
to pM« , including one in which 
General Rose rode to Kiseljak an 
Wednesday, bnt Serbian militia- 
men had stopped heavy, tracked 
v ehicl es that usually make the rtm. 

officials said. Ten riwera in Devon were on flood alert Ferry crossings between the Isle ' 

Major Labanderra said 22 artil- cf Wigju and the English mainland were dutropted. Sailings between . 
lay shells landed inside the perim- Northern Ireland and Scotland were halted. Winds of up to75 mfles an 
eter of the airfield at Turia, an hour (120 tikknelers an hour) were reported in Wales and Northern ' 
enclave <rf the Musfim-led govern- Ireland. There were long delays ai Belfast airports. (Reuters) 

mmt northeast of Sirajeva, but Rorae shops cat epmSudqs, Mayor Francesco Rntitt’ announced. 

storrajso must dose Monday mpamsTSS 
The UN wants to use the anfidd stores dose Thursday afternoons, except in summw vAraitavdreieon 
to bring m humamtanan aid. Saturday aftanoons. , wnemney aoram 

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Page 3 



Clinton Lobbies, but Business Group Backs a Rival HealthBjU 

1 . . „ ^.^..^P^^^EtomWKtogwo. Mr.Coopn.i^gWmUiejad.jajdte Corp. For. 


By Dana .Priest and 1 Ann Devroy 

.•...' •• Washington Past Service .- ; 

WASHINGTON — The Business Roundtable, 
representing 200 of IhcnationYfcrgest companies, 
has voted tcrsapport thehealttraretaispcatsored 
by Representative Janies Cooper, Democa^ of 
Tennessee, despite a week of in tense lobbying by 
President Bill 'Clinton,-. Ins wife and top cabinet 
officials to peisnade the group to hoJdoff. 

The Roundtable's po&y committee ignored 
White House entreaties arid voted to make the 
Cooper plan the “starting point” in its n^Otia- 
tions with Congress. 4 *Il is bmlt around market 
mechanisms, as opposed 'icrreguktian,-” said John 
Ong, cttrf execunyeofficCT of B. F. Goodrich Co. 

Mr. Ong said the group believed that the Clin-, 
ion administration’s plm "has the potential to 


create additional 

meat programs.” 

“it also seeks to control costs — 
meat radiation of die health-care i 
price conlrcis,” he said. - 

off-budget entillc- 

The vote, which Mr. Ong tenbed oidy as "a 
significant maority” adds to the nwocnlumMr. 
Cooper has builtl or his alternative plan m recent 
weeks. This week, the National Governors Associ- 
ation endorsed elements <£hcai* 
strikingly similar to Mr. Coopers,, although they 
did not embrace his planby name, m -■ 

“The good news keeps happeimigi JJvCooper 
said Wednesday night after the Roundtable vote. 

* George Siqihanopoulos, toe White House se- 
nior adviser, expressed dis^pcwtiMnt m to* 
vote. “It was a vote, unfortunately, led Md influ- 
enced by the insurance interests and others wno 
are wedded to the status quo," he said. 

But an administration health-care s pokesm an, 
Jeff EBfir, said, “The president is a lot mow con- 
cerned! about where this ends up than where it 
starts.” - 

{On Thursday, the American Chamber of Com- 

‘ :«» nnnAcitinn in the health plan. 

The Associated Press reported from ]Nashm^ 
[“We believe that it cannot even be used as a 


Hie white House — which added a last-minute, 
multibillion-dollar sweetener in the Clinton 
health-care bill for amo manufacturers and steet- 
makm by having the government pay for cover- 
age for its early retirees — was d^pera* 
off an endorsement of the Cooper bill, officials 


Administration leaders feared that “if vou lose 
big business now, it becomes acceptable for other 

groups with problems to bolt,” said one adviser. 
Tf the dam breaks toward Cooper, the White 
House could drown in people with doubts, ana 
that would create a bad political dynamic of its 

Mr. Cooper, testifying before the paneL sad he Motor Co„ 

.. hisbUiqiiKiioiied^l ihe : Emrar jjd Com- American Airiins lm ; . 

hem Sted Corp. od Sombem <Wo™» . 

Co. These firms have been helping the White 

House lobby the Roundtable. 

saw ms Uiu . 

merce Committee chairman, John D. IXngnl ot 
Michigan, and the subcommittee chairman. Henry 
A. Waxman of California. The Republicans at the 
hearing were generally laudatory. 

“I don’t agree with 100 percent of it, r said 
Representative J. Alia McMillan, Republican of 
North Carolina, but it is “extraordinarily con- 

merce announced its opposition to the health plan, 

id proposed an unreasonably heavy 

■ i L, — mnTrihnnnna. 

■ which it said proposed an unreasonaoqr n«tvy 
“bard hi of h igh employer premium contributions, 
rich benefits and counteqnodnctive regulation. 

The House Energy and Commerce subcommit- 
tee on health and the environment. 
hdd iis first hearing on the Cooper bill, offering a 
free-for-all preview of the coming congressional 

Congressional aides said the Cooper bih ap- 
peared to have more support than Mr. Climon s 
among commitiee members. The vote in the com- 
mitiee is viewed as politically symbolic because 
the committee is scheduled to be the first of five 
major congressional panels to mark up bealth-care 

The Business Roundtable is made up of 200 
chief executives from a cross section of the na- 
tion's Fortune 500 companies. Its support of any 
bill is remarkable given the divergent and some- 
times diametrically opposed interests of its mem- 
ber companies. 

The Clinton and Cooper plans share many na- 
tures. including insurance reform prana iJM i and 
the use of purchasing cooperatives 
pool their market clout to get lower-pnced msur- 
ance. Both bills combine government re^uw 
and incentives to increase competition in toe ma^ 
ket to curb health costs and make insurance more 


Study Cites 
High Cost 
Of Drugs 
In the U.S. 

But Mr. Cooper's bill rejects Mr. Clmton'sr^- 
ance on employers to finance coverage for 

and gpveramem-imposed limits on msmancepre- 
miums to hold down costs. Instead, the Cooper 
plan focuses on bringing down health costs “ 
more people can afford to buy insurance. It uses* 
change in the tax code — limiting the value of 

health benefits that are tax^Jeducnble — to make 
consumers more price sensitive. 

'.•j » 


In Poll. PUcon tent WWiH dhi Airport Monn v Lwld» EUawhaf 

— _ > 

WASHINGTON t- : A .growing number of 
Americans say coverage by news organizations of 
politicians' personal and' ethical behavior has be- 
come excessive and is discouraging qualified peo- 
ple from enteringpubfic life, according to a survey 
by the Tunes Minor Center for People and the 

■css, . " m* 

At the lime, a plurality of Americans— 43 

pfffyni — rtiint the madia arc morepowcrfol than 
political leaders or. other troops m retotg the_ 
national agenda. Twenty-two percent cri ed p onti- 
cd leaders in Washington as more powerful, II 
it business leaders, 10 percent floDywood 

' C"i' 

pires'and 7 percent rdraoua leaders. 
The survey found that 59 perc 

■ .L. nf luillhri' 

me survey iouhu uku 59 percent of Americans 
ihoiiidil the coverage of politicians’ personal.and 
ethical bdmww was excessive — a sB^it increase 
. from from 52 percent who expressed that opinion • 
in a similar poll in 1989. -. . , 

Although 66 percent of the public still views the 
press a* an mporiant public waididog, cotmdera- 
- Sy fewer Aan five years ngoihinkjt hdps wed 
oat unfit politicians. Now only 45 perooit flunk 
that way, compared to 60 percent m 1989. By a 
two-to-one margin; iUpstaai to 31 
Americans thiitic news media coverage » mscour- 

27 to Jan. 30, and has a marpn of error of plus ot 
minus three percentage paints. • (4-d// 

. WASHINGTON — Thirteen cities hare illegal- 
ly Averted $252 million in airport revenue pee 

1982. according to the chairman of a congressional 
commi ttee that oversees federal funds for trans- 

P< ^Snnan, 

out of Michigan, said a six-month study ot ii 
leading airports found that 13 had used airport 

income to finance various local programs. 

The law requires that airport revenue from all 
sources, including federal grants and rent from 
concessions, go amy. toward aiiport improvements 
such as more runways and safety gmpmem.Tbe 
federal government has spent $145 bflhon on 
airport improvement grams since 1981 
The repbrt found that in many cases the diver- 
sions equaled the amount of federal financing and 
were most likely to occur at £ 

dries where the airport manager reported directly 

to a mayor or city manager. , . . 

- Since 1990, for example, Chicago, which owns 
andoperates (THare International Anpon.*^- 
ed S 2 t 9 miffidn in airport revenue for a w»mmg 

j^^£wTw S?^M elpliiaw »saian- 
- more, Detroit and Milwaukee, while- (NYT) 


More Ethical Questions on Mrs. Clinton 

Her Rale as Lawyer in Case Involving a Friend b the Issue 

J r,m.-s senior Danner, Mr, Lasaler is a convicted dni E der 

The Associated Press 
CHICAGO — Hillary Rodham Ointjm rep- 
resented federal thrift regulators in a S3J mil- 
lion lawsuit against a Clinton friend and politi- 
cal ally and ultimately settled the case for 
$200,000, the Chicago Tribune reported Thurs- 

^Presidect Bill Clinton's personal and politi- 
cal to Dan Lasater have been widely 

rCI St C *e Tribune story, based on court re- 
cords, was the first that Mrs. Clin ton had repre- 
sented the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. in 
a suit ac fai *i n ff Mr. Lasater of fraud m toe 
fail ure of a savmgs and loan. 

Thomas Scoraa, who teaches legal ethics at 
the University of Chicago, said Mrs. Clinton s 
position raises questions about her professional 

In Ihe other case, the firm’s senior partner, 
Webster Hubbell now the No. 3 official at toe 
Justice Department, was paid by the govern- 
ment in 1989 to settle litigation against a firm 
accused of negligence in toe failure of Madison 
Guaranty Savings and Loan in Arkansas. 

The firm, including Mrs. Clinton, had done 
legal work for the S&L before its failure. 

“A^wyer is required to represent toe interest 
erf his client zealously he said. “There is a 

O! ms cuem ttauwaij, »». — 

substantial question about whether an attorney 
was representing a client zealously if toe oppo- 
nent of the client is someone with whom toe 
attorney had a political, financial and personal 

relationship.” _ 

A spokesman for the U.S. agency, David 
Barr told toe Tribune that its attorneys are 
trying to find records on the rase in order to 
le»m whether toe Rose Uw Fnm. the Dtt^ 
Rock, Arkansas, firm for which Mrs. Clinton 
worked, notified it of any potential conflict of 

the second time conflict of interest 
Ions have been raised regarding toe Rose 
i’s " 

HThere is a substantial 
question about whether an 
attorney was 
representing a client 
zealously if the opponent 
of the client is someone 
with whom the attorney 
had a political, financial 
and personal 
relationship . 1 

Agency officials have also started an investi- 
gation of this case. 

In toe Lasater case, toe settlement was 

readied in 1987. . 

Whether he got off cheaply at toe expense ot 
taxpayers depends on his assets then and toe 
strength of evidence against him. 

Mr. Lasater is a convicted drug dealer who 
ran a bond trading firm. .... 

He signed deals with several limits, including 
First American Savings and Loan in the Chica- 
go suburb of Oak Brook, to trade Treasury 

bond futures. „ JW . , . 

First American eventually sued Mr. Lasaler s 
bond firm, accusing it or fraud. 

Fust American was seized by federal regula- 
tors in 1986. before toe lawsuit went to wurt, 
and its head, toe former governor if Illinois. 
Dan Walker, was himself convicted ot frautL 
About toe same time, Mr. Lasater was con- 
victed of cocaine trafficking and was impns- 

° D Resulaiors decided to pursue First Ameri- 
can's lawsuit. The agency hired toe Rose Law 
Firm to handle its cases in Arkansas. 

Most of toe law firm’s S&L legal work was 
handled by Mr. HubbeL But toe firm assgned 
toe Mr Lasater case to Mrs. Clinton and Vin- 
cent Foster, toe While House lawyer who com- 
mitted suicide in July, toe Tribune reponed. 

Mrs. Clinton and Mr. Foster negotiated the 
settlement, toe report said. 

Mr. Clinton's ties to Mr. Lasater were per- 
sonal and political 

In toe summer of 1985, Mr. Clinton success- 
fully lobbied toe Arkansas Legislature w ap- 
prove a contract for Mr. Lasater to sell S30.2 
million in bonds for toe stole poharatoo 
system- The contract earned toe firm S7hu,uuu. 

In toe early 1980s. he helped Mr. din^' s 
half brother, Roger Clinton, pay off drugdebts. 
He also encouraged his workers to contribute to 
Mr. Clinton's gubernatorial campaigns. 

By Robert Pear 

New York Tima Service 
selling prescription drugs typi- 
cally cost much more in the 
United Slates than in Britain, 
where drug company profits 
are limited under a national 
health program, the General 
Accounting Office says. 

Drug company executives 
challenged many of toe find- 
ings, but mernbHs of Congress 
died the report as evidence 
that toe government, should 
impose some restraints on 
drug prices, as President Bill 
Clinton bas proposed. 

The General Accounting 
Office, an investigative arm of 
Congress, said factory price 
for 77 frequently dispensed 
drugs were 60 percent higher 
in toe United States than m 
Britain in 1992. For 47 of these 
drugs, it said in its report 
Wednesday, U.S. prices were 
more than twice as high as 
those in Britain. 

Auditors and economists 
from toe accounting agency 
said the price differentials 
were smaller for new drugs 
than for older products. In 
bringing new drugs to market 
in recent years, manufacturers 
say they have tried to set simi- 
lar prices in all the industrial- 
ized countries. 

Representative Henry A. 
Waxman, Democrat of Cali- 
fornia. chairman of toe Energy 
and Commerce subcommittee 
on health, said Britain’s expe- 
rience showed it was possible 
to have lower drug prices and 

a “thriving research-based 
pharmac eutical industry." Mr. 
Waxman requested toe study. 

Drugs in toe study were 
chosen from a list of toe 200 
products most frequently dis- 
pensed in 1991. The auditors 
focused on 77 products avail- 
able in toe same form and 
strength in Britain and toe 
United States. 

Arms Critic U.S.-Russia Mission Ends a Space Race 

__ — . . nnri nM pettinB any- imOicn satellite will be re 

Says He Lost 

The Associated Press 

— Discovery lifted oil at dawn 
Thursday with toe first Russian to 
fly on atLS. space shuttle^cmemng 
a new space age free of Cold War 

The spacecraft roared away at 

imOicm satellite will be retrieved 
with toe shuttle’s robot arm two 
days later. 

Scientists believe the film sam- 
ples could surpass those grown on 
Earth. Bui Loren Pfeiffer, a physi- 
cist at AT&T Bell Laboratories m 

Doaiu was ----- 

wore a Russian flag pitch on the 
shoulder of his orange flight suil 
Just before liftoff, toe head of Rus- 
sia’s space program, Yuri Koptev, 
wished Mr. Knkalev good luck. 

It is the first U.S.-Russran 



imdmeale “one-stop Monday—- 

recffl^»l*° ae “ 1 . Sjgjg/jjjjjjfgj* 

shared stories about lav they moved from toe 
unemployment lines bade mto the mt force. 

lo eliminate at least 100 government 
and make cats in at least 300 more to 

re the money” needed to retrain unem- 

wotkere arid move them toward new jobs m 

boaness and industry. He said be would propose 
these cots in the budget that will go to Cpngr^on 
Monday. < NYT) 

Barbara Friedman, owner of a Wastongttra 
bookstore where toe 

and bought five torfflere: “Mr. Cfintontruly knows 
mysteries.* (Reuters) 

insurmountable problems. 

Colonel Sanford Mangold told 
members of the House Govern- 
ment Operations Committee on 

Wednesday that toe MDstar satri- M w . 

Etc system, intended to provide mann ed mission since toe Apollo- 
worldwide military commtmica- goyuz docking in 1975, and the hrst 
lions during a nodear war, had ^ astronauts and cosmo- 
become “a cancer upon the United have been launched m the 

States Air Force budget.” same spaceship. 

Colonel Mangold, a 25-year mm- The Russians were flatted to a 
tary veteran, said he was removed trouble-free launch. National 
in June from his position as toeair Aeronautics and Space Adnnrns- 
force officer in charge of spendmg tration officials had worried that 
for spaa systems in retaliation for temperatures might be toqlo wiora 
opposing Milstar, one of the most ^ liftoff, but it was 46 degrees 
in Pentason Fahrenheit <8 centigrade) at 

a DA wanner 


Koptev told ASA “Wbe^tS^economy of our osiat/vioti uoiu.™— ■ r 

hope that in our future cooperative When i tne erano ? Murray Hill, New Jersey, said sum 

proects, everything will be gpmg as |^^^ smsIra,ShteI1S0Ut, br retilts eventually could be ob- 

wefl.” . _ Vniraiw 9 Mir veteran, al- tained on Earth. . „ 

days in space. 

*. - -L- rz&JSZ a^SSW. VF? 

neto ReighUer Jr. and toe other 
U.S. members of the all-male crew 
had logged a combined total of 52 
space days. 

On Saturday, toe crew vs to re- 
lease a satellite that will be used to 

med on tann. 

Discovery is also carrying Spa*»- 
hab, a commerdal laboratory in the 
shuttle's cargo bay. It contains 12 
NASA-sponsored experiments but 
has no commercial customers. 

This is toe 18to flight for Discov- 
ery — toe most of any shuttle — 
.i .i friik errm* (hr n ro- 

und toe 60th mission since the pro- 
13 years aao. The 


Union - Discipline - Travail 




Away FfoiR 

• A Texas ^nessman 



was'seaidmag for a. ,^^1001 


cash but 

dropped for the first time ia years as gntmn als 
apparently found easier pickings m mailer cotd- 
mmities. In fact, toe rity with toe highest nnmber 
.of reported stolen yebkies pa: pnson was Oim- 
merce, CaKforma, population 12,00^ toeNauonal 
IusBiance Crime Bureau said Tuesday. The com-, 
numity just outside Los Angdeshad cars ffl^en at 
arate « 5.053 tier IOOjOOO residents m 1992. 

wGeolottsts .taye -fcmd ; snodw Loa. A ngeles 
thrust fault, Bke toe 'one that caused the recall 
-Nortfaridge earthquake, wnmng for snml miles 
directiy underHoQywoodand BeveriyffiHs m one 

of the mostrdensdy populaled sections of Los 
Anades. Tte' scientists cautiooed that there was no 

^dmee the fault bad ever produced a major 
temblor since the aty was settled and that there 
was no way to know if it ever would. - 

•• vrr. WP, AP. LAT 

China Rej 

expensive program m rm 
history. He said MOstar should be 
replaced with cheaper satellites. _ 
The first Milstar satellite is 
scheduled to be launched on Satur- 
day from Cape Canaveral, Florida. 
The elaborate system was cre*“ 

in great secrecy m the 1980s to hdp 

fight a tong nuclear war with toe 
Soviet Union. It was bmlttobe a 
space-based global switchboard, a 
group of six satellites capable of 
relaying militaiy commands aftff 

Washington and the Pentagon were 

destroyed in battle. 

Now, with toe Cold War over 
and ruidear tensions subsiding, tne 
program is being presented by the 
Pentagon as a communications sys- 
tem that can be adapted for use m 

conflicts. Its support- 
ers, like Brigadier General Leonard 
F. Kwialkowski, the Pentagons 
program director for saielhte com- 
munications systems, call Mflstar’s 
capabilities essential to the mili- 
tary^ aWlity to conduct warfare in 

^utcrSiSide and outside toe 
Pentagon, say a global military 

communications system can be 
built for less than $10 When, a 
Hat saving of nearly SIS on- 




Ski weeks 

Sfr 2407.- (all tndusive) 
from March 6 to 27. 



Phone 030/83131 

Telefax 030/43344 

J 'heAssocuaalPrB* 

BEUING — Chilton 

. Mir. Wu. callmg the UA report 
“Htterfy unreasonable and totally 
intspooaWe,". said ftat “Omia s 

con stituti on and relevant lawshave 

Q teed the Chinese .peo- 

nationalities of - every 
: right." 

’ AFoifflgn MHtisnj 


Human-rights -lfsue in essj»t r 
into tfie rovereaenW of a 

The State ' Dgiartment re pOTt 
- “Fundamental human rights 
•” OtfoKKcanSD-r 

In recentmonths. various Amer- 
ican offtdals have warned Guna 
that it . has not made the “signifi- 
cant progress’' needed to renew 

There have been iqwsrts that the 

’ : cmml 


qppx&r to any intaference in 


says China . took s 5? e ’ m 

steps” last year 


forced confesskate 
rial ItiHrogs. 

, prisoners in advance of the 
v.uuwaw New Year celebrations 
next Thursday as a gesture to toe 
United Stales. 

The' report wasissued fust: four 
tenths fcfpre .toe June deadline: 
tor President JSH Omicorto deride 
lATpnMf in r smother vear 

^rther to renew, for another year 
China’s most-fayonsd-nation trad- 

, Bui Mr. Wu suffiested that toe 

gn wrrmien t did ubt Oper- 
ate that way.^Tbe activities of Chi- 
na’s judicial aotoori'ties," he sad, 
“aie'something.toat toe Chinese 
. gpvenmiflit eamot interfere in, let 
■ aton e any forrign forces." 

me— i 






. n'nr'T , , ■ S T mTF ^-r THE INVITATION TO TENDER 

tap^Sonof "caSon pro^e 

in me Republic of Cote d'Ivoire. 

(Credit N e IVC - 2363). 


Bidding documents are available at 

c" m «S?SSS «5 

6, Boulevard de l'lnddnie 


republic of cote d ivoire 

Tel: (225)22 22 31/22 22 32 
Fax:(225)22 2235 

C rofi inriable fee of CFAF 50.000 (fifty thousand CPA francs) in cheque 

for a non refundabte fee o^' (CfAF 1 = FF 0.01). 

addressed to the Comite 

. ’ I . u., A.kmiHpd on ot before I 

|f| if 1 T, ■ 

The bidding documents should be submitted on or before March 17th, 
1994, 18-00 hours GMT at the address indicated above. 


a ■ i« i f i - 

Bids Will be opened on March 18th, 1994 at 9:00 hours GMT at the 
Direction des Marties Publics in Abidjan, C6te d'Ivoire. 

f » r* ^ 

■C— ra^ 

<»- -■ 

• _ 2- ; • * * +’ , V •’*'•. . J 




Egypt’s Secular Society Reels 

And Fundamentalist Cultural Offensive Gains 

By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

New York Tunes Service 

CAIRO — With their guns and 
explosives, Muslim militants have' 
destroyed Egypt’s tourist industry., 
scared away investors and halted 
the 20-year march toward democ- 
racy and economic liberalization. 

But the more serious threat, 
many Egyptians say, is the assault 
by Musum iheocrats on secularist 


While the government has 
fought with some success to con- 
tain the violence by militant Mus- 
lim groups, who have killed offi- 
cials, police officers, Christians and 
occasionally tourists, fundamental- 
ist social and religious groups con- 
tinue to gain ground in imposing 
Islam in education, the press, 
courts and the arts. 

The cultural offensive, backed 
by the implicit threat of terrorism, 
has become the Islamists’ main ac- 
tivity in their quest to reshape 
Egypt into an Islamic republic. 

in December, a fundamentalist 
member of parliament, Galal 
Gharib, publicly accused the minis- 
ter of culture, Farouq Hosni. of 
publishing “nude pornographic" 
pictures in government reviews. He 
was angry about a Gustav Klimt 
painting of Adam and Eve. 

Mr. Gharib, accompanied by a 
chorus of enthusiastic supporters in 
Parliament, went on to denounce 
virtually all foreign art and culture 
in Egypt, particularly from the 
West, including an Egyptian adap- 
tation of a play by Bertolt Brecht, 
the Culture Ministry's sponsorship 
of ballet schools, movie festivals, 
and translations of foreign litera- 
ture, and even the works of secular 
Egyptian writers like Naguib Mah- 
fouz, the Nobel laureate. 

“When someone attacks some- 
thing Kle e a Klimt painting and 
ballet," said Mr. Hosni, an artist 
who has been the culture minister 
for seven years, “what they are say- 
ing is that they want to shut down 
Egypt, turn the lights off and close 
our minds to the international heri- 
tage of culture." 

But instead of ignoring Mr. 
Gharib's demand. Mr. Hosni back- 
led, agreeing to allow conservative 
Islamic scholars at A1 Azhar, the 
thousand-year-old state religious 

university in Cairo, to renew — 
and reject — books scheduled for 
publication by his ministry. Succes- 
sive governments, anxious to pre- 
serve a separation between Islam 
and the state, had denied the uni- 
versity such power. 

In January. Mr. Mahfooz re- 
sponded with a declaration, signed 
by scores of Egyptian writers and 
artists, describing die assault as 
“cultural terrorism." But his plan 
to lead a protest march to par&a- 
ment was aborted by the govern- 
ment, which feared that the pro- 
testers would criticize not only the 
fundamentalists but also govern- 
ment compromises with the funda- 

The Islamists have been accom- 
modated in numerous cases over 
the last five years. 

In March 1993. a fundamental- 
ist-dominated academic committee 
at Cairo University denied full pro- 
fessorship to a scholar, Nasr Ha- 
mid Abuzeid, whose thesis on Is- 
lamic writing in the 8th century was 
found to include "discussions re- 
sembling atheism.” 

The ruling made Mr. Abuzeid a 
target for radicals who had tailed a 
well-known Egyptian writer, Farag 
Foda, in 1992 after religious figures 
called him an apostate. 

Indicating bow high and how far 
fundamentalists have risen within 
the stale apparatus, those accused 
of Irfllmg Mr. Foda were defended 
in court by Sheikh Ahmad Ghazali, 
one of Egypt's most senior theolo- 
gians. He is an official of A1 Azhar 
and thus a government employee. 

Mr. Ghazali testified in court 
that Mr. Foda and “secularists" 
like him are apostates who should 
be put to death. He added that if 
the government failed to cany out 
that “duty,” individuals were free 
to do so. 

Other religious scholars, some 
employed by the government, free- 
ly produce and distribute hundreds 
of thousands of taped messages 
railing on M uslims to shun Chris- 
tians. On one tape. Sheikh Omar 
Abdelkafi said Muslims should not 
shak e bands with Christians, or 
wish them well an Christian holi- 
days. or walk on the same sidewalk 
with them. 

In most public schools, partial- 

‘Foreign Powers’ 
Blamed in Iran Plot 

By Barry James 

Iniemommol Herald Tribune 

Official Tehran radio said Thursday that a man tried to assassi- 
nate President Hasfaemi Rafsanjani earlier this week in a plot it 
described as involving foreign powers. 

Iranian television, linking the alleged shooting with an outbreak of 
rioting in the eastern city of Zahedan, said such incidents “can only 
be the work of foreign powers” like the Central Intelligence Agency 
and the Israeli secret service, Mossed. 

At the same time; Jordan announced that it was asking 21 of 26 
Iranian diplomats to leave the country, in what experts said ap- 
peared to be a reaction against Tehran-fomented Islamic fundamen- 
talism in the Arab world, and Iranian attempts to block the Arab- 
Israeli peace process. The move followed the assassination of a 
Jordanian diplomat in Beirut last weekend, after King Hussein 
announced that he wanted to meet Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of 
Israel to discuss peace. 

Middle East experts said Mr. Rafsanjani had been buffeted for 
some time by wide-scale unrest caused by worsening economic 

The official Iranian press agency, IRNA, said the man who tried 
to assassinate the president was a 26-year-old "moral deviant" who 
had been rqecied by the Revolutionary Guards, Iran’s Islamic 
militia, for "committmg sacrilegious activities." 

Mr. Rafsanjani was not injured in the incident. 

One report indicated that the plot was part of a religious backlash 
against the Shiite Muslim theocrats running Iran. 

In Zahedan, where the rioting connected to the reported assassina- 
tion attempt occurred, the population is predominantly Sunni Mus- 
lim, with links to nearby Pakistan and Afghanistan. 

The leading Ir anian opposition group, the Mujahidin Khalq, said 
the rioting was sparked by protests over religious persecution and 
reports of the destruction of a Sunni mosque. 

IRNA also attributed the rioting in Zahedan to foreigners, with- 
out being more specific. The agency said "anti-revolutionary" rioters 
had ripped up Iranian flags and attacked store fronts. 

Government officials in Tehran told The Associated Press that the 
violence in Zahedan might have been instigated by smugglers an- 
gered by beefed op security measures along the eastern frontier. 

Relations also nave been tense between the government and the 
Christian minority after the apparent murder of the leader of the 
Assemblies of God churches, Haik Hovsepian. Andrew Whitley, 
executive director of the human-rights group Middle East Watch in 
New York, said the clergyman’s death appeared to be a classic 
“disappearance" carried out by the security forces. 

The killing followed the death sentence on another Christian 
clergyman for apostasy [com Islam. The sentence was commuted 
under international pressure. 

"The evangelical church is the only minority that has not gone 
along with the government campaign to declare to the outride world 
that everything is fine for minorities in the Islamic republic,” Mr. 
Whitley said. 

Details of the alleged attempt on Mr. Rafsanjanfs life were 
sketchy. Reports said the gunman, who is alleged to have fired about 
five shots from a small-caliber pistol, had been arrested along with 
his accomplices. The reported shooting took place in Tehran during 
2 ceremony marking the 15 lb anniversary of the return of the 
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini from exile. 

“Clearly the economic situation in Iran is very poor.” said Sami 
Znbaida or London University, author of “Islam, the People and the 

“There have been demonstrations and riots in the big dries for the 
past couple of years." he added. "But my impression is that Rafsan- 
jani is still fairly in control." 

Mr. Whitley said there did not appear to be a dear pattern in the 
events of recent days other than the fact that Mr. Rafsanjani is being 
battered on a number of fronts. 

“He was re-elected with a lower majority this year," Mr. Whitley 
said, "and I think he is finding that he does not have the authority 
over the security forces, in particular, that he had hoped for.” 

GEORGIA: Treaty With Russia 

CootiDued from Page 1 

to begin dictating policy and inter- 
fering in tbeir affairs. 

For their part, Russian politi- 
cians are eager to defend the inter- 
ests of Rusrian-speakers in “the 
near abroad,” as other framer Sovi- 
et republics are known here. But 
they are reluctant to assume re- 
sponsibility for the collapsing 
economies and ethnic strife now 
weakening Russia's neighbors, es- 
pecially when Russia faces serious 
problems of its own. 

The leaders of every faction in 

larly in the south of Egypt, funda- 
mentalist teachers have imposed 
the veil on girls as young as 6 and 
altered schoolbooks to emphasize 
Islam. In some places, especially 
Asyut, a fundamentalist bastion, 
Islamists have virtually taken con- 
trol of education all the way to the 
university level. 

Islamists have also taken over 
professional groups, induding en- 
gineering, medical and legal associ- 
ations. “ Islami c medical dimes,” 
for example, are springing up. Sup- 
ported by the Muslim Brother- 
hood, a political organization 
whose social programs are tolerat- 
ed by the authorities, the clinics 
offer inexpensive but poor medical 
care while serving as recruiting cen- 
tos for adherents. 

It was the attack in parliament, 
however, that crystallized the fun- 
damentalist thrust, moving a grow- 
ing number of intellectuals to coun- 
terattack and setting off a debate 
between Islamists and secularists 
that is stiB under way. 

The Islamists argue that secular- 
ists have long practiced their own 
brand of intellectual terrorism. 
Fahray Howcadi. one of the main 
proponents of an Islamic state, has 
accused secularists of having ig- 
nored Egypt’s deep Islamic and 
Arab roots as they pursued a com- 
munion with Western culture. 

El Sayed Yasseen, director of A1 
Abram Strategic Studies Center, is 
rate of a group of Egyptian intellec- 
tuals who see the attack on secular 
culture and thinking as part of a 
campaign to isolate Egypt from its 
diversified heritage, winch includes 
Pharaonic, Hefienic, Roman, Arab, 
Coptic. Byzantine, French and 
British influences. 

“What is ‘damned atheist 
Western culture' the Islamists talk 
about anyway?” Mr. Yasseen 
asked “It is a range of a**anrmi«n»rf 
values and systems evident in our 
laws, our constitution, our modem 
education, our multiparty system, 
our free press, our art, radio, and 
television. In short, it is the collec- 
tion of civQmng accomplishments 
that Egypt has acquired over the 

“AD these groups,” Mr. Yasseen 
said “notwithstanding their diver- 
sity, have only one aim from which 
they wfl] not be diverted namely, 
to bring about the collapse of the 
present secularist state m Egypt, 
replacing it with a religious author- 
ity based on religious texts and un- 
der slogans that only God, not 
men, wffl rule.” 

Gama] Ghitani. editor of Cre- 
ativity, the publication that repro- 
duced the Klimt painting, said: 
“Unless every owner of a pen or a 
brush and every innovator stands 
up to such attacks, now one will be 
able to write a word compose a 
tune, or paint a color.” 

But Mr. Yaseen and Mr. Ghitani 
are largely preaching to other intel- 
lectuals. and their voices are re- 
strained by the government. Trying 
to woo nonviolent fundamentalists 
in order to fight the radicals, the 
government continues to give 

De Klerk Digs for Votes on Tough New Ground 

By Paul Taylor 

Washington Fast Service 

entered a cavernous ball for a 
speech that officially started his re- 
election campaign. President Fre- 
derik W. de Klerk was greeted by a 
crowd that chanted a new version 
of the traditional black South Afri- 
can political salute: “Viva de 
Klerk! Viva!” 

Then they sang, haltingly and 
off-key, the traditional black South 
African national anthem and 
waved the “new" National Party’s 
flag, whose colors and design had 
been reviewed by traditional black 
witch doctors. 

For 42 years, the National Party 
government presided over the le- 
galized oppression of blacks. For 
the last four years, the government 
has been dismantling that apart- 
heid system, and now — in the first 
election of the post-apartheid era 
—■the former oppressors are trying 
to reap the fruits of their conver- 
sion from the people they op- 

But anthems, chants and flags 
notwithstanding, the strategy does 
not seem to be taking them very far. 
With less than three months to go 
until Sonlh Africa's Fust all-race 
election on April 26-28, Mr. de 
Klerk's projected vote total from 
blacks stands at 1 percent, accord- 
ing to a national opinion survey. 

South Africa’s new political de- 
mographics leave him no choice 
but to work hardest fra the votes he 
is least likely to get. Until this year, 

blacks could not vote. Now, they 
make up roughly three-quarters of 
the expected electorate, with the 
remainder divided among whites 
(13 percent), mixed-race (8 per- 
cent) and In dians (3 percent). 

If Mr. de Klerk is discouraged by 
his predicament, be does not let it 
show. He timed the campaign kick- 
off to coincide with the anniversary 
of the speech he made four yean 
ago announcing the end of apart- 
heid and the release of Nelson 
Mandela, the African National 
Congress leader, after decades in 

His speech Wednesday night was 
self-congratulatory and tmapolo- 
getically partisan. It was the Na- 
tional Party, Mr. de Klerk said. 

that had 

hdd and freed all the 
South Africa.’ 

It is the National Party, he said. 
that “has immense experience in 
the art of government.* 

It is the African National Con- 
gress that is “secretly controlled by 
communists, militan ts and extrem- 

His audience was roughly one- 
third black, and though there was a 
sense of the reot-a-crowd uneasi- 
ness that always seems to hover 
around the edges of National Party 
events in black areas, some of the 
blacks applauded lustily. 

“When people ask me bow 1 can 

I tell them they would never have 
gotten Mandela if it wasn’t for de 

Klerk,” said Honest YBriziting, 27, 
a National Party organizer in the 
frinrir township of Soweto. “The 
trouble withtbe ANC is they are 
communist, and they will rum the 

Mr. Vflriritmg’s modus operandi 
in SoWeto illustrates the challenges 
the National Party faces in black 
areas. He said he must hold meet- 
ings in secret for fear of intimida- 
tion and retaliation by ANC sup- 
porters. And he concedes he works 
for the National Party as much for 
money as love. It is paying him 
S70O a month, he said, a 50 percent 
increase over what he had been 
earning as a dothing salesman be- 
fore be got into politics. 

Some political analysts here be- 
lieve there are many conservative 

A Reversal on Double-Ballot System 

Washington Fast Service 

PRETORIA — The African National Congress, 
bowing to pressure from political and business 
leaders, reversed itself on Thursday and proposed 
a double-ballot electoral system in an effort to 
bring white right and black homeland parties into 
the nation's April election. 

The ANC and government also offered to 
amend South Africa's interim constitution to allow 
for original taxing powers for fhe regions, another 
of the demands of the so-caDed Freedom Alliance 
of conservative black and white groups. 

Negotiators for the alliance, which is threaten- 
ing to boycott and obstruct the elections, say they 
would study the proposal and respond next week. 

The alliance consists of the Zulu-based Inkatha 
Freedom Party, the hotmdand government of Bo- 
phuthatswana and the Afrikaner VoDcsfronL It is 
possible parts of the alliance will accept the deal, 
and others will not 

Under the single ballot system now planned, 
voters wQ] be allowed to make only one mark, and 
it will count toward their selection of both the 
regional and national legislatures — a restriction 
that works tiTthe advantages (he ANC as the 
country*! most popular party. This week leaders of 
the business c ommuni ty joined leaders of smaller 
parties on die left and right in anting the ANC to 
consider a double ballot, which offers greater free- 
dom of choice. 

the State Duma, or lower house of 
Russia's parliament, signed a letter 
to Mr. Yeltsin opposing the treaty 
with Georgia and warning that it 
might not be ratified. At a news 
conference during his 1 1-hour visit 
to Tbilisi, Mr. Yeltsin said he ex- 
pected argument and controversy 
but believed the Duma would even- 
tually approve the pacL 
But he also said be would not 
submit the treaty until two ethnic 
conflicts, both involving tiny 
breakaway republics within Geor- 
gia but on Russia’s border, bad 
been resolved. 


Fierce Criticism 

Continued from Page 1 
economy has grown so weak in re- 
cent months that the package 
might simply halt the deterioration 
rather than spark a healthy re- 

“This plan would simply help 
avoid negative growth,” said Hxro- 
hiko Okumura, chief economist at 
the Nomura Research Institute. 
“At best, well start to see some 
improvement in the economy to- 
ward the second half of the year." 

Mineko Sasaki- Smith, an econo- 
mist in Tokyo with Morgan Stanley 
Japan, said that by her estimates 
only about half of the income tax 
reductions would be spent, with the 
rest likely to be saved by consum- 
ers. That could make the subse- 
quent increase in sales taxes even 
more burdensome and reduce the 
overall benefits to the economy. 

Mr. Hosokawa apparently took 
some members of his coalition gov- 
ernment by surprise with his an- 
nouncement that be bad decided to 
introduce the 555 billion redaction 
in income and local taxes, most of 
it retroactive to January. 

The tax cut was part of a huge 
economic stimulus package that is 
expected to include about S83 bil- 
lion in public works spending, low- 
cosi loans to businesses and other 
spending increases. 

The economic package was sup- 
posed to have been announced 
Thursday afternoon, but the re- 
lease was delayed because of the 
tax-cut uproar, disappointing busi- 
nessmen and the financial markets. 

The delay could further strain 
relations with the United States, 
which has been pushing for a big 
stimulus plan as a means of draw- 
ing in more imports and reducing 
Japan's trade surpluses. 

Mr. Hosokawa is scheduled to 
meet President Bill Clinton in 
Washington on Feb. II, and the 
trade agreement they are supposed 
to conclude there is sail far from 
completion. The econ om ic stimu- 
lus plan was intended as the one 
unequivocal sign that the Japanese 
government was serious about re- 
ducing the trade surplus. 

What angered many political 
and business leaders was the fact 
that Mr. Hosokawa rejected the ad- 
vice of his own coalition partners 
and accepted the arguments of Fi- 
nance Ministry bureaucrats in in- 
sutingon the increase in sales taxes 
to cover the loss of income-tax rev- 

Mr. Hosokawa said the 3 percent 
national sales tax, which has been 
extremely unpopular since it was 
introduced five years ago, would 
rise to 7 percent as of April 1, 1997. 

BOSNIA: Croatian Army Faces U.S. and Europe With Another Dilemma WOMEN: 

Continued from Page 1 
lariy Germany with well known 
sympathies for Croatia, has no 
stomach to follow through on the 
American threat of sanctions. 

EU foreign ministers are expect- 
ed to take up the issue at their next 
meeting in Brussels on Monday. 
But the prospects for any agree- 
ment appear dose to nil. 

[Italy warned Croatia cm Thurs- 
day that it would face economic 
sanctions and isolation in Europe if 
its regular troops were proved to be 
fighting in Bosnia. Reuters report- 
ed. Foreign Minister Beniamino 
Andreatta spelled out the threat as 
Denmark announced that it would 
formally propose sanctions against 
Croatia' at the Monday meeting of 
EU foreign m i nisters. 

[Mr. Andreatta said that a Bosni- 
an Croatian offensive supported by 
externa! forces “can only lead to an 
economic response from the inter- 

national community." Mr. An- 
dreatta spoke after meeting with 
the Croatian foreign minister, Mate 
Granic, in Rome.] 

The question facing the Union 
and the United States is whether 
more sanctions wQl help achieve 
tbeprimaiy objective of promoting 
a peace settlement. There is little 
controversy about their economic 

The series of economic and fi- 
nancial measures imposed on Ser- 
bia in 1992-93 have largely de- 
stroyed its economy, creating the 
worst case of hyperinflation in Eu- 
rope since the German Weimar re- 

But so far sanctions have yielded 
no concrete political dividends by 
way of an agreement, although they 
may have helped contain the Bosni- 
an conflict by occupying Serbian 
minds and energies with issues of 
day-to-day survival. 

In fact, (he international media- 
tors Lord Owen and ThorvaldStot 
ten berg are no longer blaming 
President Slobodan MDosovic of 
Serbia for the deadlock over a 
peace settlement Instead, they re- 
gard the Muslim-led Bosnian gov- 
ernment as the main obstacle. 

This is because the Bosnians 
have refused to accept the Serb: 
proposed territorial outlines for 
three ethnically constituted repub- 
lics. The Serbs are ready to give one 
third of Bosnia to the Muslims but 
not to include many at the areas 
they “ethnically cleansed" of die 
Muslim population. 

The Bosnian government has 
said it it determined to fight on to 
take bad: these lands, push the 
Bosnian Croatian forces out of cen- 
tral Bosnia and secure a corridor 
through Croat-held territory to the 
Adriatic Sea. 

It is to tins Muslim offensive that 

bom Croats to bolster the Bosnian 
Croatian forces. 

Bosnian Serbian forces have also 
ordoed a genaal mobilization and 
began conscripting hundreds of 
Muslim, Croat ana Serb refugees 
from Bosnia who have been living 
in Serbia. The UN High . Commis- 
sioner far Refugees has denounced 
this conscription as a. violation of 
Geneva convention provisions on 
the treatment of refugees. 

But there is little HkeHhood that 
the UN Security CouncS will seek 
to impose further sanctions on Ser- 
bia just because of Bosnian refu- 
gees are being conscripted. 

Rather, the issue bang ponder- 
ing by the EU and the United 
States is what effect economic, or 
diplomatic, sanctions might have 
on Croatia’s behavior. 

ULSTER: 1/.S. Visa for Gerry Adams a Blow to the f Special Relationship 9 

Continued from Page 1 
happened to be in Washington this 
week (and had what a senior offi- 
cial here called a "lively" meeting 
with W. Anthony Lake, the nation- 
al security adviser, who favored 
giving the visa), the two top leaders 
still have not been in contact to 
defuse the ill wflj. 

The problem, said one person 
involved in the back and forth, is 
not that “we have substantive dif- 
ferences" or “hugely competing 
policies" on Northern Ireland 
"The problem is that it is an issue 
which means very little in the Unit- 
ed States whereas on this side it has 
tremendous salience:'' be said. 

“It matters to the prime minister, 
who is politically exposed because 
of his joint declaration with the 
Irish government." he said. “It 

Germany Seeks Delay 
In Scandinavian link 


COPENHAGEN — Ger man y 
has urged the postponement of a 
road and rail project 16 kilometers 
long linking Sweden and Denmark 
while its environmental effects are 

The German Transport Ministry 
asked Denmark why the two na- 
tions had exciuded a tunnel. Dan- 
ish and Swedish officials said, how- 
ever, that the German note 
predated the derision that the 
bridge would go ahead only if it 
were safe for the environment. 

matters to the press. It matters to 

And so in acting unilaterally and 
against British wishes that were 
dearly spelled out in advance, be 
said, it was as if Washington was 
saying that “none of that really 
counts to us." 

Relations with the Clinton ad- 
minstration began over a year ago 
on what an official in 10 Downing 
Street conceded Thursday was a 
“sour note." He was referring to 
the discovery that strategists from 
Mr. Major's Conservative Party 
were actually working in the presi- 
dential campaign advising the Re- 

Then there were press stories 
that the British Home Office had 
agreed to search through its files to 
see if there were any documents on 
Mr. Clinton from his years as a 
Rhodes scholar at Oxford and an 
anti- Vietnam War protester. What 
was presumably being looked for 
was an application to change his 
nationality, which would have in- 
stantly dashed his campaign had it 
ever existed. 

There was even a report of an 
unfortunate private cable sent on 
election day from Mr. Hurd, a sea- 
soned and patrician diplomat to 
Janies A Baker, then the secretary 
of state, whom he had come to 
know well He used a hunting met- 
aphor to wish him good luck: “May 
you bring down every duck in the 
last flight of the shoot." 

Now, British officials are won- 
dering if these ducks are coming 
home to rocsL Is it possible, won- 
dered one top diplomat, that Mr. 

Clinton really bears a grudge and 
eqoys sending darts in Mr. Major's 

They do not have to search very 
hard to find a disconcerting pat- 
tern, induding public statements 
from Washington that grate on 
British sensitivities by making 
them fed like just any other coun- 
try. Only three months ago. Secre- 
tary of State Warren M. Christo- 
pher said that Europe was “no 
longer the dominate area of the 


At the same time, Mr. Clinton 
gave an interview in which he at- 
tacked Britain and France ova 
Bosnia and singled out Mr. Major 
with an an harassing aside. Mr. 
Major had confessed privately to 
him, he said, that he could not 
the Bosnian arms 
because his government 

might fall if he did. 

Clinton has only met Mr. 
Major in a one-on-one session 
mice, in Washington on Feb. 7 last 
year. They are scheduled to meet 
again Feb. 28. what Mr. Major 
goes to Washington. 

in recent days, both British and 
American nffirfak in fo n dm have 
been quietly enumerating far re- 
porters the list of lwiw on winch 
the two countries have dosdy co- 
operated recently, from coordinat- 
ing efforts on a GATT agreement 
to policies on China and Russia 
ana the Partnership for Peace ar- 
rangement to bring Eastern Euro- 
pean countries within NATO's 

Ironkaily. both sides have al so 

pointed cot that a profound differ- 
ence still exists is the approach to 
Bosnia. Bri tain, which. has 2300 
troops on die ground there, op- 
poses air strikes and the lifting of 
the arms embargo as does France: 
The diplomats mention this as if to 
say: You see, this is the kind of 
disagreement we should be having 
and when we do its not the end of 
the workL 

But Ireland is different For one 
thi n g, Britain has long regarded it 
as an internal naitw and some- 
thing the United States should keep 
out of. For another, Britain has 
long harbored a fear that if the 
United Slates ever does get in- 
volved, given the leverage of Irish- 
Amencan politicians in Washing- 
ton, it might pul pressure on 
Britain to move in a direction that 
Britain does not want to go- 

Cambodia Troops Seize 
Big Khmer Rouge Base 

Agmcc Fnma-Prax 

PHNOM PENH — Government 

troops have captured a major 

Khmer Rouge base at AslongVeng 

in northwest Cambodia, Hun Sen. 
one of Cambodia’s two prime min- 
isters, said Thursday. . 

Mr. Hon Sen sad that govern- 
ment troops had been successful in 
a three-pronged 'attack oh the radi- 
cal faction’s headquarters and io- 

urnorth and central Cambodia. He 
said that 10 government soldiers 
has been killed. 

all the countries examined, 
the State Department focused most 
closely on the situation in Thai- 
land, especially on the 200,000 to 
500,000 prostitutes who human- 
rights groups estimate are in that 

The report notes how procurers 
often give the parents of young 
women an advance a gainst their 
future earnings, money that is fre- 
quently used to build a new house. 

The report said de procurers 
prefer trafficking in woman from 
hill tribes and neighboring coun- 
tries because they are cheaper to 
buy and their inability to speak 
Thai makes them earner to control 

raids on brothels, laws against 
prostitution have not been effec- 
tively enforced” the report said. 

An underlying theme of then- 
port .is how governments often turn 
a Wind eye to the abuse of women 
— and how in many countries the 
law itself discriminates. 

In Morocco, for example, the law 
excuses falling one's wife if she is 
caught in the act of adultery, but a 
women would not be excused for 
killing her husband in the same 

In Bolivia, women’s groups re- 
"t that die police are unsyrn pa- 
tic to battered women, ana in 
Camer oon wife-beating is not 
grounds for divorce: 

In India, dowry death* are “a 
particularly serious problem," the 
report said, describing a phenome- 
non in which a groom or Ms family 
falls his wife out of anger that her 
dowry was iasnffidenL Govern- 
ment figures slww there were 4,785 
dowry deaths in 1992. 

Agence France- Presse 
NEW DELHI — -I ndia and Qu- 
na began talks here Thursday to 
pave the way for a redaction of 
tnwps along their disputed frontier 
and to strengthen relations, offi- 
cials Said, 

blades, like Mir. Vtkmtmg, who ~ 
fear ANC rule, and they thfiik Mr. 9 
de Klerk has a dunce to increase 
Ids percentage of the black vote. 
Othos say that by ca mpaignin g 
hand for such votes, Mr. ae Klerk 
will 'engender a positive backlash 
among mixed-race, Indians and 
whites, who will admire Mr. de 
Klerk's adjustment to the new po- 
litical landscape: 

Still others suggest that Ins real 
motive is to position himself as an 
effective deputy president in what 
is afi bat certain to be an ANC- 
donnnated government. Under 
South African new interim consti- 
tution. the first post-apartheid gov- 
ernment will be one of national 
unity, in which the leader of the 
largest opposition party is assured 

is iTaJ^ whed^he will 
have any real power. 

“Yon get the impression de 
Ktak sees himself as a modem-day 
Talleyrand, able to smviv e from 

one regime to the next becanse he is 

so skillful at bobbing and weav- 
ing,'* said Alf Stadler, a political 
scientist. “And you also lave to 
shim crediL Fora guy who must 
: is gang to lose big, he puts 
on a brave face.” 

For aD his broadsides at the 
ANQ Mr. de Klexk is careful never 
toattack Mr. Mandela, jffis. advis- 
ees say it is because Mr. de Klerk * 
prides himself an never making " 
personal attacks. But there a an 
alternate explanation: The presi- 
dent knows ms framer prisoner is 
also his future boss. - 

Croatia is now responding by en- ^ DreflTV PictUTC 
its troops directly and ^ 

. Continued from Page 1 

ganization fra Women. “But we 
shouldn't exempt ourselves from 

In the United States, the situa- 
tion for women could stand fra a 
lot of improving, many feminists 

Women earn 70 percent of what 
men do on average, and govern- 
ment estimates show that there 
were more than one million attacks 
on women by their husbands or 




Page 5 

Only Gains 

A Warning of 'Practical Action 9 Against U.S. 

The Associated Prm U.S. pressure over the issue might 

TOKYO — In its latest retort in lead North Korea to caD ^' P^?®" 
the dispute over its midcar pro- isesmadtto Wadnngtc^matt^S 
■ gram. North jKorea warned Thors- staying in the treaty and -accepting 
day that UA picss^ couldpro- sotncmspections. • 

• volte an intense response — one • The comments appeared as a 

that “will be carded into practical partial response to a resobttkn 
action.” ptwari «nhcr this wedeby the U-S. 

In a strongly- worded edmmen- Senate urging Washtojgton to pie-', 
tary distributed by" the Korean pare to retmxi tactical uhticaf 
! Central News Agency, North Ko- wessons to South Korea if talks 
- rea said it had an “ei^edient to with Neath Korea .remain at, an 

• counter any other option of the impasse. .■*’-. 

; United Stales.” ' . : ' Private analysts said iwp'- 

“It is not the United States alone traducing U5. nudear weapons.m 
; that has the expedient*” it said, ttere^wotiWpush icnapnsmto 
. “and the option is not open only a dangerous new phase; ■ 

• for a big power.” North Korea was tart; “It the 

North Korea is believed to be United States takes a stance of 
. developing nuclear . arms .and has . pressure, against us, our reacti on 

• hailed at allowing fufl mtematiwi- will be a hundred times stronger, 

; al inspections ofitsnudearfadb- "and it will be carried into practical 

ties, as it is reqtdxedtodo unde. the., action. ' 

terms of the NudearNonprolifere- The United State is too wfccu- 
; tion Treaty. loos, if ft consider that we ww beg 

. The commentary reiterated that for: talks," it. said. “Wc cannot at 

John Rewald Dies at 81, 

: Chronicled French Art 

c ,u MLui nr ,b+ migh t bade and watch the maneuvers of 
SCtaSS Slates to and 

isesn^toWa*ington,.niciBffiag stifle >»■ • ■ - ^ 
slayi ng in the tre ^y apd accepting, W 

■"? STSS appaana. 

SgjgS S r 

TOtpots to Sooth Kora a talks Omtonh®" 

TS. VS andytt stid r«o- ^“ttat.somebody docsn t tnakr 


'nEEtSSZtt “H the 

UriSfsiate takes a stance, of : t pfSS^kSSS^ 
Twessure against us, our reaction able North Korean leatosmp. 

. JSntl’STSSiSi 

Bv Michael Richardson 

■'toermimal Hen ltd Tribune 

SINGAPORE — The lifting of the 
United Staves economic embaigoagamst 
Vietnam marks a formal end to the Cold 
War in Southeast Asia and encourages 
Hand to join its noncommumst neighbors 
in devdoping closer regional cooperation. 

• . tR^oamMf mrmhrr- 

wffl be a honored times to *****■•" “”.*£: 

“rSfroctear issue must^ 

“Wf ran not sit solved." Ambassador George Knn- 

By Michael Kimmelman ' -toofRfidotfsjmdtetotfsfao- 

- ffw York Tuna Service ■ . - fllfiS, and he phOWgMlhod «- 

npw YORK — John Rewald. zaune’s scenes aronna ADt-en- 

Provence ^before they were 

studies in the history of Impres- inexorably dunged . . 
sionist and Post-Impressionist art, . Cbsemc 

sk ssfttJSifif - -saasaKSS 

■“R* 1936 with - ASoQ 

pressionism” in 1946 andlO’ years 

later with his “History of Post-Im- Pnre m JM6when n was revised 
pressionism.” Mr.Hewald chrcrair and repubfished. e uC ' 

*?_ j- tt His most recent-work was 

:or: talks,” it Mid- -We cannot sit 

— ■ — * * r-r Noth Korea up against a comer." 

I T\« - Ol ■ Ekanice Urges Sanctions 

I UlG8 at ©Jv The Security Council, should 

1 ***' • " consider imposing sancUons on- 

_ - . f i North Korea for ilsrefusal to allow 

French Art 

Agence Frauce-Presse reported 
S5f aiSHS *k that Ut« tas t*n BO 

4 TSfSod.uo ? - taJBg 

SSS^teUluaiee of the group w 
international affairs. 

ASEAN was formed in 1967 partly to 
thwart communist expansion during the 
Vietnam War. The group, whose members 
are Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, 
Singapore, Thailand and Brunei. now 
seeks stability in Southeast Asia by pro- 
moting regional political economic and 
security cooperation. 

Reports earlier tins week that President 

BDl Clinton was ready to dear the way for 

full economic relations with Vietnam have 
been welcomed by ASEAN countries, 
which see the longstanding embargo as an 

outdated relic that is hindering regional 
reconciliation. Mr. Clinton lifted the em- 
bargo on Thursday. 

The Straits Times newspaper in Singa- 
pore said in an editorial Thursday UJt a 
final end to the war era was in the interests 
of the United States as well as Hanoi, for 
Vietnam's tremendous potential has been 
obvious ever since the country emerged 


from the ruins of war in 1989 w take steps 
towards a market economy. . 

A Malaysian official said that the lifting 
of the embargo would have a major psy- 
chological impact by signaling “that v iet- 
nam £ no longer a pariah and is now a 
country lhai the U.S. can do business 

“This will have a ripple efreet in stimu- 
lating economic growth in Vietnam ana 
increasing trade and investment between 
Vietnam and other countries, including 

those Of ASEAN," he said. 

Differences in levels of economic devel- 
opment. and in ideology and political sys- 
tems, between countries in Indocmna and 

ASEAN remain obstacles to Vietnam s 
early membership in the group- 

But ASEAN diplomats said that as mar- 
ket-oriented economic growth ^creased 
after the lifting of the embargo, such dif- 
ferences would likely d imin ish. 

Officials said ASEAN had recently 
agreed to let Vietnam and Laos take part 
in meetings of the group concerned with 
functional cooperation in sum areas 3s 
trade, education and tourism. 
tries also accepted an offer from ASEAN 
to give their diplomats training m English, 
the official language of .communication in 
the group, officials said. 

"There is increasingly greater 
in Vietnam on the need to be an ASEAN 
member.*' said Hoang Anh Tuan, a re- 
searcher at the Institute of Iniernauonal 
Relations in Hanoi. 

He said the thaw with the United States, 
progress in Vietnam's economic reform 
program, the normalization of Hanoi s re- 
lations With China and improved tieswith 
ASEAN were “all making raembersiup 

^°Since Vietnam completed its withdraw- 
al of military forces from Cambodia m 

1989, relations between Hanoi and 
ASEAN countries have steadily improved. 

Vietnam and Laos signed the ASEAN 
Treaty of Amity and Cooperation and 
were given observer status in the group in 
1992. The treaty commits the signers to 

settle disputes peacefully. . 

Vietnam's deputy foreign minister, 
Nguyen Dv Nien. said in December that 
ASEAN and Vietnam should also Two- 
mote cooperation in the field of national 

mOLC LUWUauvii — — ~ , 

security and defense’* to help erase deep- 
seated suspicions and smooth the way for 
eventual Vietnamese membership in the 

^ ASEAN ministers have spoken of the 
possibility that Vietnam and Laos could 
ion as full members within five yeare. 

But President Fidel V. Ramos of the 
Philippines aid recently that this timeta- 
ble should be accelerated to broaden re- 
gional cooperation. 

Carolina Hernandez, a political science 
professor at the University of the Philip- 
pines in Manila, said that Mr. R^p 1 ? 5 
Teels that an expanded ASEAN will be in 
a better position to play a bigger role m 
international affairs. 

which see the longstanding embargo as an terns, wtween coumn~ 

For Vietnamese, End of an Outdated Relic of War 

^ J By William Branigin 


“We note that there ha s been no 
progress in discussions between the 
United States and North Korea 
concerning a resumption of inspec- 

.■ _ a l.t urnnriiiml AinVTIlC 


&£&&& Saffibass?- 

ded French avant-^rde ^painting His most rec^^work wjs “Cc- 

durina the second iSf of the l9th lanneandAmenra m^l^basrt 
' SSry in remarkable and ground- on^tbe 1 979 ^ 
breaking detaiL ' dffivond at theNatuma) Gallery of 

ail about art in laie I9th and comWnedanunu^tiiorou^ness 

S^h^SrSFrahox ^ ^ of documentaticffl with a partisans 

The books formed the founds- enth u si asm - 
tion for the research of oountless Ken U Darts, 82, ; a 
later sdmlars and were also pEbnar read drief for Tbe Associated Pre^ 
rv targets far revisionist historians in New Orleans, BoenosAuesma 
who sought to overturn the study of Madrid, died Monday m New Or- 
modem art, beginning with Mr. t«im after faffing ul with a fever. 
Rewald* s texts. Jo Rkhardsoii, 70 ,ayeteran of 

One way or another, every scad- tha h«rd left of the British . Labor 
ar of late 19 th-ceatmy French art ^ govenunait and opp^i- 

_ Tuik^AdimlsIraniaiiB 

Hismost reamt work was. “C6- njpd jj {(aid OH Kurds 
ramie and America” in 1989, based „ 

MWW &ssrjSSF2 

Smal Pissarro and MaxHcL Hc Tbc Forram Ministry said it had 
o^feed an unusual thorou^niesa been es^Sd th« a^ ctow 

of doanMotatioh with a partisan s bombs aimed at anti-ajraaft 

non, par ftc Iramai, 

“fc L Dl*. PM&- 

rean dnef for Tbc Associated Press were 

in New Orleans, Buenos Aires rad raid 

tons after fallmgffl with a fever. ^ Wizens Shves and property 
Jo Rkhardsoii, 70, « vrteran of 0 f such an incident, it 

the hard left of the Rntiah Labor ^resuii w 

— _ » *■ amJ /miwci- 




>■ ‘ ~ " j r T <: 

^ Hams Dn* IworPlOM 

<]eria in Hanoi uahwtfogCoca^ola.wliidi with otto 

UAIUUUi K-cr— oi — | 

Rewald* s texts. Jo Rkhwdsow, 70, a vrteran of 

One way or another, every scad- Hard left of the British Labor 

ar of late 19 th-centmy French art ^ govetmnent and oppoa- 

had to contend with his writings. t^^ieaTuesday in London after 

Hs wotkfonns acrorifll.lmk to a jong ifloess. - 

the artists of the 19* centoi^be- Bmberfy, 85, a sodafite 

cause he interested hunsen aoove - Ktondi company heir, died 
all in first-hand sources. . Saturdav af cancer in PHlm Beach, 

He interviewed RenaifslHotiw- pknida. 

He was the literary executor for ** m » Tefv. 

utainw* — - ” m rIOTloa- 

He was the literary, exeentot for. 89, a Ld>- 

■ •£*£*% &cd 
wd Signac and war ctose to mem- Tbesdqr.m Bmnt .. . 

Die inToriddi Avahnchc 


ANKARA — Twdve Turkish 
soldiers were killed whm m ava- 
lanche engulfed theff post nrarui- 

kurca in southeastern Turkey, 
newspapers reported Thursday. 

WXv***ri »* * • 
T •- 

By William Branigin 

' Washington Tmi Semce .... i;r, 


will permit the use of the 

p_r the United States, the hftmg of the embargo is seen as a 
milestone that!* a sente, wUl si^ « «d to the warihaikdled 
roiw, Amwi nnis It is certain to stir bitter recriminations from 
^«£S3taS5S£ 2038 .Americans stUl unaccounted 

fW ta Vietnam, however, there is little controversy 
mute or eventually, diplomatic relations with the United StaiK- The 
aff or d io be fairly nondialant about the embargo, 

to the «nb T U 

■ ¥ inited States engaged in Vietnam as a counterweight to 

Chta£ privately qm hn 

SoMimS mav come to dominate Vieinam eeanonuedh^ and 
China has become increasingly assertive about territorial disputes 
with its southern neighbor. 


6.00 ' 



And plait to join us for the second 'Washington & Worid 
Business” conference to be held at The 
Inter-Continental in Washington, D.C., on April 21-.U. 

The conference, co-sponsored by the International 
Herald Tribune and the European CouncU of Amenc*n 
- Chambers of Commerce, will talce as its theme “The 
Outlook for Global Partnership." , 

The program will esamine the CUnton Admmistration s 
foreign poUcy framework; flte post-Uruguay Round trade 
agenda; the President’s domestic economic program, and 
the struggle for international competitiveness. 


Jane Benney 

International Herald Tribune 
■ . . 63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH 

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Page 6 







Hosokawa and Clinton 

Prime Minis ter Morihiro Hosokawa has 
partly delivered on bis pledge of political 
reform Although be had to compromise with 
the opposition Liberal Democrats, those re- 
forms that could most benefit relations with 
the United States got through. 

One reason Mr. Hosokawa decided to com- 
promise was Tokyo's need to proceed to other 
business — stimulating a stalled economy and 
addressing tough trade demands from Wash- 
ington. The U.S. trade representative, Mickey 
Kantor, is now in Tokyo pressing for agree- 
ment before Mr. Hosokawa’s Feb. 1 1 summit 
meeting with President Bill Clinton. Both 
sides agree that Japan’s huge trade surplus 
with the United States is politically untenable; 
but they differ sharply over bow to reduce it 

On one big issue, Tokyo has the better case. 
Washington wants to set numerical targets to 
measure U.S. export gains in specific indus- 
tries. For years Japanese governments have 
promised much and delivered little on remov- 
ing bureaucratic obstacles to imports. Wash- 
ington is understandably impatient for mea- 
surable results. Mr. Clinton ran for president 
on a promise of more aggressive economic 
diplomacy, and the Japanese trade surplus is 
the most prominent target. 

Economists argue that trade imbalances are 
not important, but politicians are acutely sensi- 
tive to their impact Still, there is only so much 
that governments can or should do io manage 
private trade. The Hosokawa government is 
already doing many of the right things. It has 
begun an ambitious deregulation program, and 
it is preparing a tax-cutting budget aimed at 
stimulating consumer demand. 

Tokyo accepts the goal of reducing its sur- 
plus but draws the line at setting numerical 
import targets for particular industries, like 
auto parts. It argues, rightly, that that would 
be a step back toward Japan's market-rigging 
arrangements of the past. Washington counters 
that even under this government, Japan’s trade 
surpluses keep increasing. Tokyo replies that 
almost every country swings into surplus when 
it is in a recession, and Japan is now in the 
fourth year of its worst postwar slump. 

At next week’s meeting, Mr. Clin can needs 
to find a graceful way to bad: off from his 
rhetorical excesses on numerical targets. In 
return, Mr. Hosokawa should help Mr. Clin- 
ton. meet his political needs in more construc- 
tive ways, with further deregulation and 
strong and effective fiscal stimulus. 


Clinton Has 
A Sense 
Of Turn 

By Anna QtundBen 

• EWYORK— KttOnuon gives 

hmmg u 

A Temporary Italian Limp What’s That About a Cheery Prognosis for Japan? 

■ ii thnnlr ifull (m nT UiiHnlini tialv ivinivr ic AllianiV W hv thi> - C/ M- 

Since it shook itself free of Mussolini, Italy 
has been a country whose politics belonged 
naturally to the reasonable center. Its Commu- 
nists were the first to start edging away from 
Latin’s follies. Its neofascists had a musical 
comedy air, and did not get many votes. It was 
the parties of the middle that formed Italy’s 
perpetual government — but perpetual, as usu- 
al, eventually meant corrupt This is why the 
hole in the center erf next month’s post-comp- 
tion-scandal election is so unnatural Italy will 
not be Italy if it stays unfilled. 

Unfilled it still is. SDvio Berlusconi, the tele- 
vision tycoon who last week presented himself 
as the man to plug the gap, hardly lodes the 
part. His persona] ambition is dear, his politi- 
cal philosophy much less so. The party he 
would tike as an ally, the Northern League, is 
keeping its distance. So are most of his fellow 
industrialists. The soccer-cheer name of his 
party, Forza Italia (“Let's go. Italy!”), suggests 
that he may be more singarmw than statesman. 

The man who has the best moral claim to 
fill the hole, Mario Segni, seems to have the 
opposite weakness. It was Mr. Segni who 
bravely and skillfully led (be fight to give Italy 
a better voting system last year. Since then he 
has not seemed to know how to build a new 
political force. First he leaned inconclusively 
toward the remnants of the disgraced Chris- 
tian Democrats. Then he made an overture to 
the Northern League and was rebuffed. It 
would be fine if by the time of the vote on 
March 27 and 28 he had made himself lode 
like a natural leader, but it seems unlikely. 

The rest of the old center is mainly nibble. 
Most of the ex-Christian Democrats now call 
themselves the Popular Party, a name that by 
March 29 may sound as ironic in Italian as it 
does in English. Some of their colleagues, 
finding even that much change unacceptable, 
go into the election as the Christian Demo- 
cratic Center. Both wfll find it hard to shake 
off the Christian Democrats' shame. 

As things stand, the election's probable 

winner is the alliance led by the (ex-Commu- 
nist) Democratic Party of the Left. That is not 
necessarily a disaster. The Democratic Left 
has said the right, responsible things about 
economic policy in the past few weeks. Its 
abandonment of Marx and Lenin is genuine. 
Yet, like any other left-leaning party with 
trade unions to keep happy, when it finds 
itself in government it is liable to be too kind 
about public spending and less than whole- 
hearted abotu breaking up Italy’s far too big 
public sector. Italy needs a government will- 
ing to be more rigorous than that Moreover, 
the small parties with which the Democratic 
Left goes into the election are uneasy part- 
ners. and a government that included them 
could, like Japan's, prove wobbly. 

The Democratic Left is one part of Italy’s 
political future, but something more is need- 
ed. It wiQ not be provided by the (ex-neofas- 
dst) National Alliance, which may collect 
quite a lot of votes in the sooth of (be country 
bat is anathema in the richer, modernized 
north. Nor is the Northern League by itself 
the necessary balance to (he Democratic Left. 
It is still too rooted in its own region, and even 
there did not do as well as most people had 
expected in last year’s local elections. 

To be a proper modem democracy, in 
which governments change when the people 
wish. Italy needs a two-sided new center. One 
party or group of parties will emphasize brisk 
administration and economic efficiency: the 
center-right. The other will emphasize com- 
passion for those who cannot enjoy the fruits 
of that efficiency: the center-left. 

Italy may have begun to find the makings of 
the latter, in the de-Communized Democratic 
Left. It still has to find its new center-right, 
the standard-bearer of efficiency and eco- 
nomic growth. If it does not find it before 
March 27, it most not fail to do so before the 
next general election. Italy needs two good 
legs to walk confidently into the future. 


T OKYO — The stock market is recovering. The 
politics have been reformed. The government 
promises strong anti-recessionary stimuli. The Ja- 
pan scenario gets rosier by the day. 

Or does it? Take the political scene first. 

Few seem to realize that the political reform bills 
passed with much drama last week carry a lethal 
time bomb. Tbev may promise stronger anti-comip- 
tion laws. Bui by replacing the f ormer multi-seat 
electorate system with single-seal electorates, Tokyo 
moves to a dangerously unstable two-party system. 

Independents and the small reformist parties 
will be largely wiped oul The power broken that 
flourish in Japan's still semi-ieudal society will 
find the going even easier than before. 

True, the previous multi-seal system also had 
disadvantages, since it faced candidates from ri- 
val factions in the then ruling Liberal Democratic 
Party to waste large sums of iD -gotten money in 
r unning against each other. Pressure by the deaner 

By Gregory Clark 

LDP factions for changes in the system led to the 

LDP defections that led to the establishment of the 
present anti-LDP coalition government. 

But among the defectors and now playing a key 
role in the ruling coalition, was a group headed by 
former LDP power broker Ichiro Ozawa. Mr. 
Ozawa is no reformer. He was a key member of the 
notoriously corrupt Tanaka-Takeshita faction, 
and a protegd of former LDP kingmaker Shin 
Kanemaru. whose involvement in recent construc- 
tion and tracking industry scandals and subse- 
quent arrest triggered recent political changes. 

But by claiming to be a reformer (his sole inter- 

est is early establishment of a two-party system), 
Mr. Ozawa and Ins supporters — the Japan Re- 
newal Party — have been able to gain a new lease 
on political life outside the LDP. As Japan moves 
doser to the system he wants, the party is now wefl 
placed to become a dominant poetical grouping. 

Inevitably there will be a confrontation between 
genuine reformers in the coalition and the Ozawa 

*' •'*■*-* ine to happen. Splits 

inner splits in what 
s creation of yet another 
coalition. Hopes for political stability are remote. 

Similarly with hopes for economic recovery. 
Japan is not simply passing through the kind of 
cyclical downturn common to Western economies. 
It has been hit simultaneously by the accumulated 
tins of more than two decades of economic and 

political mismanag ement. 

The most obvious sin was grossly irresponsible 
encouragement and toleration for land and share 
booms which began back in the ’60s and carried 
asset values to stratospheric levels. Already 1,000 
trillion yen has been wiped off peak values. Fur- 
ther falls are expected. Only an economy as strong 
as Japan’s could hope to survive such a blow. 

But Japan also faces the equally savage Mow of 
yen appreciation. Decades of encouragement for 
expanded exports, chronic yen undervaluation and 
benign neglect of the domestic economy have cre- 
ated. an export-dependent economy new being 

squeezed remorselessly by even mimae nptnms in 
the ye&dcDar rale. And it is a videos squeeze— yen 
OTWfwfiftn l manufacturing cutbacks, ifamsfedc- 
Gabon, more pressure to' expand exports and cut 
imports, more pressure for yen appreciation ... 

Given the mood of Washington-Tokyo trade 
talks, the squeeze can only get woise as Washington 
resorts to the only weapon it has left — benign 
toleration of farther yen appred a fioo. 

Tokyo can of course try artificially to inflate its 
domestic economy. But planned measures will 
have doubtful impact Promised relaxation of 

wasteful bureaucratic controls, for example, will 

as nriocQeme 

have an miriat deflationary rfferf 
and brokers see fat profits cut Promised income 
tax cuts will end up mainly as increased savings, 
and be neutralized m any case by the compensat- 
ing tax increases demanded by Japan's co nser ve- 
five fiscal authorities. 

Snnw bold oat hopes of n i)|M«hiii£ pent-up de- 
mand by nifllinns of frustrated consumers anxious 
far a better fife. But are they redly so frustrated? 
Many of them like lifejust as it is. They prefer saving 
to spending, especially now, when the mood of die 
nannn has swung so firmly to pesonasm.' - - 

In this situation the solution is obvious — ex- 
panded public spending to take up the slack in 

bitof tire preacher, some of the ear- 
nest high school orator, a Eule carni- 
val barker and some door-to-door 
« fj>Wfnnn You COUld Kfl how WCfl 

his State of the Unkm address played 
by how fast ids political opponents 
rushed to judge it empty ihetona 
Before, the Gallup PoE found that 
.67 percent of those they surveyed 
thought the president was on the 
right track. Afterward die number 
rose to 85 percent. 

And that wasn’t only because Pres- 
ident Clinton can deliver a speech as 
Choujd* he were die Fuller Brush man 
and you were out of dusting rag yor 
because he sometimes sounded mere 
l jean than Bob Dole, with a 
i ri"** the eh**™*- It’s that his 
;is right. 

s go bade to George Bush’s 

first State of the Union, and to Ron- 
ald Reagan’s, too, 12 years ago. Mr. 
Reagan’s proposal for a New Feder- 
alism — remember that? — made 
only a and condescending 

mention of the growing defidL 
“Raise present taxes to cut future 
deficits, they tefl us — wefl. 1 don’t 
bay that argument,” said die man 
who would preside over Jurassic defi- 
cit, huge ana out of coatroL 
Here is a Hast, freon the past The 
first big applause fine in President 
Bush’s first State of the Union was 
“Panama is free?” He went cm to de- 
vote five sentences to die deficit, and 
informed the American people that 
the secretary of health and hu man 
services would be studying the subject 
of “the quality, accessibility and cost 
of our nation's health care system.* 
But before Bin Clinton even gave 
his first official State of die Unkm 
message tin Jan. 25. he had given two 
other substantive, nationally tdevised 
. one on deficit reduction and 

the other 

: other on umveisaj health care. 

His opponents wifi say these issues 
arc straw rum, tell you that the econo- 
my win take care of the deficit, and 
that the health care system has prob- 

lems but no crias. But theycannot use 
to infl 

consumer and company spending. But Japan’s 
“ no," while at 

fiscal conservatives say “no, 

them the funds to be aHe to say “yes.” It’s 
see a beautiful economy rained so easily. 
International Herald Tribune. 

the same 

charts and statistics to iriD away the 
fact that nriffians of Americans, even 
those who dou’t fully understand fed- 
eral spending dr managed competi- 
tion, have come to peroave both defi- 
cit reduction and haiWi eare p nwjanw 

as joug-orenfoe areas, of zefann. 

by the time Governor Canton became 
Resident Qmton, both government 
and health care spending had become 
-SO TtVTnnmWit a l that the time was 1 

New Threats Desperately Require New Thinking 

Let Them Go With Dignity 

C AMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — 

Not since the begriming of World 
War D has there been a Stale of the 
Union address comparable to that de- 
livered by President BiO Clinton, in 
which foreign affairs figured so very 
incidentally. If his intention was to 
provide the outlines of a “domestic 
renewal plan." the only issue known to 
be of great concern to the American 

By Stephen R. Granbard 

Sam Lewis. Clifton Wharton, Les Aspin, 
Philip Heymann — one thing that these man 
have in common is that each was pushed out 
of Bill Clinton’s government by, roughly, the 
end of its first year. But, importantly, that is 
not the only thing they have in common. There 
are two others. First is their qualifications. 

Mr. Lewis, before he came bade to govern- 
ment to accept a Clinton administration offer 
to run policy planning at the State Department, 
had served for many years as a Foreign Service 
officer and an ambassador of immense skill 
and distinction, notably in Israel; he was wide- 
ly known to be one of tbe best in the business. 

Mr. Wharton, who accepted an administra- 
tion bid to be deputy secretary of state, spent 
years working at home and abroad in the 
foreign assistance field and later went on to 
become chancellor of the State University of 
New York for 1 1 years, after that president of 
Michigan State and then bead of one of the 
nation’s largest pension and investment funds. 

Mr. Aspin. certainly one of the most know- 
ledgeable people in America on mfljtaiy af- 
fairs, relinquished the important — and irre- 
trievable — chairmanship of the House 
Armed Services Committee to become Mr. 
Gin ton's secretary of defense. 

Mr. Heymann, the most recent pushee, 
came from the Harvard Law School faculty to 
accept Mr. Clinton’s offer to be deputy attor- 
ney general. This was his third tour at the 
Department of Justice. He had been assistant 
attorney general in the Criminal Division. He 
had previously served at the State Department 
as wefl. So he brought not only scholarly legal 
credentials but considerable seasoning in gov- 
ernmental life and Justice Department affairs. 

We do not question the administration’s 
prerogative to compel the resignation of any 
of these estimable people at win, to decide 

that they are nor the right people to work with 
the other people etc. But we do strenuously 
question the tacky, whispered disparagement 
that has followed each out of office, the unfair 
scapegoating for administration-wide or, in 
some cases, merely departmental failures (for 
which their bosses presumably and miracu- 
lously bad qo responsibility). 

That is the other thing they have in common. 
There has been a kind of slug’s trail of anony- 
mous. whispered explanations of how each of 
these people was just “too academic” or “too 
disorganized” or “too slow” or “too unproduc- 
tive" to do the job. We bare to tell you: It's 
hard to credit. We believe there were personal- 
ity dashes, there was some offloading of blame 
and there was some appeasement of political or 
bureaucratic pressures in their departments. 

We will even stipulate that some of them 
may have been the wrong persons for the 
particular job, given the rest of the staffing or 
the general “chemistry" problem. But is it 
really even credible, let alone decent, to go 
about muttering these damaging, potentially 
reputation-destroying complaints about all 
four of these people who came in good faith to 
serve in Bfll Clinton’s government and who 
are by any standard among the most accom- 
plished in their field? Is it such a wonderful 
way to encourage people to come to Washing- 
ton to serve in government? 

Some of this junk is being put about by 
aides and assistants who don't know a tenth 
of what these men know and would not know 
how to judge their competence in any case. 
The president should at a minimum let the 
people he decides to force out leave with 
dignity. The underhanded trashing of them 
by people in the administration threatens 
his dignity as well. 


gave the speech his handlers called for. 
If. in tbe process, he provided scant 
vision of the hazards that exist in the 
world outside tbe United States, and 
few recommendations for remedying 
those ills, his evasion cannot be said to 
be more serious than that of other 
heads of government, including those 
of die European Union. 

It is a fact that the president’s shy- 
ness about proclaiming the need for a 
“new world order” does not reflect 
simply an innate modesty, an unwill- 
tngness to use the exaggerated 
so common to his Dl-fated 
sor. Tbe errors made in the last year, 
in respect to Haiti, Somalia. Bosnia 
and other flash points, are almost 
inconsequential beside the greater er- 

ror — the failure to conceptualize 
international economic, political, 
militaiy, social and cultural relations 
in a new frame. If tbe concept of 
“partnership" is loo difficult to trans- 
late into international agreements on 
pressing issues, the concept of “alli- 
ance" may be even more antique. 

It is not the fact that the NATO 
alliance is frayed or that the United 
Nations is impotent that defines the 
international situation today; more 
important is that the most prosperous 
and stable democracies, the united 
Stales, certainly, but also Germany, 
Japan, Britain, France and Italy are 
overwhelmingly preoccupied with 
what they conceive to be their own 
compelling internal problems. 

If the greater number of those 
countries resolved decades ago the 
kinds of issues that now preoccupy 
tbe American president — providing 
universal health care, for example — 
they are beset by other conditions no 
less serious, capable of upsetting gov- 
ernments, creating strange new inter- 
nal alliances between those known to 

be disillusioned and disaffected. In 
the drcumstances, Bosnia is indeed 
distant, but so is Ukraine, not to 
speak of Korea; distant, that is, from 
London and Paris, Bonn and Rome, 
but also from Washington. 

The president’s remarks on foreign 
would be 

policy were vacuous. But it 
difficult to find a better definition of 
today’s foreign policy dilemmas in 
the speeches of other heads of gov- 
ernment or, indeed, of their foreign 
ministers. Five years after tbe begin- 
ning of tbe unraveling of the Soviet 
empire, the states of the European 
Union, like the United States, Cana- 
da and Japan, have little notion of 
what can be done to cope even with 
those fareignpolicy issues recognized 
to be compelling. 

What is to be done? There is a 
desperate need for a “foreign policy 
renewal j?lan” that acknomedges 
three baste conditions: 

m Military intervention in troubled 
areas will be thought dangerous try 
many, and not only pohtxaans, in 
democracies disinclined to risk the 

lives of thrir military Forces, even in 
numbers that would have been 
thought minimal only a decade ago; 

• Economic prosperity is the one 
universally acknowledged good, and 
is dependent on social peace being 
m a in tai n ed in a worid where the poor 
are many tunes more numerous than, 
the economically secure; 

• The need for an “mtdlectual rev- 
olution” in 1994, comparable to the 
one that occurred in the five years 
after World War n, is flbsorotdy 
mandatory, and has not occurred. ' 

The thane of intervention needs to 
be re-examined, not only with refer- 
ence to a system of nudeanfissuaskm 
that evolved in the years after Worid 
War II, but with reference to all (he 
other kinds of sanctions that were 
once thought to be powerfuL 

In today's conditions, natianalpol- 
haeson education, justice, immigra- 
tion, industrial growth, urban devel- 
opment, employment, common* 1 
cations and intellectual and cultnral 
exchange are as central to foreign 

International Herald Tribune 



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mi fnmanmd He/lid TrSxar. ABritfas reserved ISSN: 

When Things Were Distinctly Better 

N EW YORK — Back m the 
’60s, I knew an itinerant actor 

By Richard Cohen 

named George. Once, at a party, be 
stripped down to his shorts and 
engaged in a poEtical argument — 
proving, he said, that it was no 
longer possible to be considered lu- 
dicrous. He also said that he fre- 
quently went into office buddings, 
ate in the employees’ ca/etena. 
sometimes taking a desk and using 
the phone. Which part of that story 
strikes the cont em po ra ry reader as 

It is tbe last part, the part about 
jus: walking into a strange building 
without bang stopped by security. 
Because of crane, no one can walk 
into most buildings in New York or 
any American dty without a pass. 

Because of crime, you need, in 
many American cities, either a to- 
ken or exact change to get on a bus. 

Because of crime, people Eve in 
guarded, fenced communities or be- 
hind barred windows. Many booses 
have security systems, ana so do 
most cars. .And in too many homes, 
a handgun near the bed b essential 
for a good night's sleep. 

Nevertheless, some liberals and 
some commentators seem to think 
it is no big problem. With com- 
mendable accuracy, they cite statis- 
tics to suggest that the" public and 
its elected representatives are in 
an unjustified panic about crime. 
Those who share this view hare the 
□umbers on their side ( certain num- 
bers. anyway /. but they are confus- 
ing better with best. Things may be 
better than they used lobe; they are 
not as good as they once were" 

In fact, what are now common 
security precautions — expensive, 
onerous and inconvenient — may 
account for some of the decline in 
the crime rate. In Washington's 
tony Georgetown neighborhood, for 

instance, some homeowners have 
hired private security guards. 

The fear of crime has severely 
drcumscribed our lives — deter- 
mining where we Eve and bow we 
Eve — and the reminders of it are 
everywhere, not just on the local 
television news. In that sense, H 
may not matter much that violent 
crime has dropped since the 1980s. 
What matters more is that it is up 
since 1973, and in some categories 

— gun violence involving young 
people — it is up dramatically. 
Since 1979, for instance, the homi- 
cide rate among young black males 
aged 15 to 19 has quadrupled. 

In Los Angeles the phrase du 
jour i$ “post-traumatic distress syn- 
drome" — a kind of psychic after- 
shock brought on by the earth- 
quake. Something similar is pro- 
bably happening when it comes la 
crime. The rates for most violent 
crimes are down, but the average 
American does not think so — it 
just doesn’t fed that way. 

ft is tins feeling, expressed in poll- 
ing data, that is fueling the effort by 
Co ng ress and the Chnton adminis- 
tration to toughen penalties, add 
cops to the streets and. it seems, 
extend tbe death penalty to cover 
everything short cs spitting on the 
sidewalk- Tbe politicians are giving 
expression to what the voters are 
feeling. They ait afraid and angry. 

Congressional liberals and oth- 
ers, though, keep pointing at the 
numbers and insisting that every- 
one else is overreacting. When it 
comes to specific recommendations 

— draconian “three strikes and 
you’re out" proposals, for instance 

— they have a point. What they 
seem not to understand is that the 

base year for measuring crime is not 
some date in the 1980s but a non- 
specific year when, in oar memo- 
ries, back doors were open daring 
the day and the setting of the sun in 
many cities <fid not have tbe effect 
of a neutron bomb. The bufldings 
remain, but the people arc gone. 

Liberals who say that “three 
strikes and you’re out” is mindless 
and cruel are right. They are right, 
too, about mandatory minwtmm 
sentencing laws, which treat all 
criminals without reference to their 
differences — and all judges as if 
they were dopes. But they miss the 
point if they think that the dip in 
crime statistics ought to be reflect- 
ed almost immediately nr a more 
sanguine public attitude toward 
crime and crimmals. They would do 
far better to acknowledge the pro- 
blem and limit their attack to the 
more simplistic of tbe solutions. 

Ronald Reagan was adept at 
summoning the nostalgic past to 
advance his poEtical program. But 
even stripped of nostalgia, rt is pos- 
able to remember a time when 
buildings were open to the public 
and bus drivers mute change 

Recently, for instance, a hospital 
trade publication reported that it 
had difficulty finding a free-lance 
photographer brave enough to go 
into a certain New YorkGtynei$- 
borhood. Far Rockaway. Not long 
ago Far Rockaway was a bucolic 
seaside community where fear of 
crime was about the same as fear of 

nuclear war. I grew up there. We 
kept our doors locked, out 

loot with 

any sense of urgency. 

For many of us, that time is our 
point of reference It is not a statis- 
tic, but a date or an era — not when 
things were marly less worse, but 
when they were distinctly better. 
The Washington Past. 

mcnL To the extent that they can ! 
coordinated internationally, to that, 
extent are they made more effective. 

It is not enough to go on prating 
about the virtues of free markets or 

ciaety right to showcase both, i 
Onion did just tha* 

Some of las greatest failures have 
come when, b with gay men and lesfai- 
ans in the militaiy or an end to the 
HV exduaon for imntigrams, be has 
been challenged to be an unrecon- 
structed liberal on social issues. Now 
reconstructed, be came down heavily 
an c rim e and. welfare reform in ins 
first State of the Union. 

He is too smart to think that other 
issue is as smqde as people would Eke 
or as he made them sound. For a start, 
you can’t rcftani welfare unless you 
reform drild care^And mandating sen- 
teoccs without; ad dr essi ng the root 
causes of crime just guarantees ^that 
America's tamest growth industry wfll 
be tl* manufacture of felons. 

But violent crime and welfare de- 
pendency have become problems so 
pressing that the time is right not 
only for a president to attack both, 
but for a Democratic president to do 
so, oadpting RepubEcanx. 

- And without reprisals from the usu- 
al suspects. liberals will never be 
by “two years and out” for 
or “three strikes and yotfre 
out" foe felons, but the triwig is bad 
for bromides about tbe cydecf pover- 
ty, even if they happen to be tnm. 

Mr. Gmton’s first State of the 
Union was a little like the story etthe 
blind men and the elephant, in which 

about tbe purported evils of national- 
ism. Both reflect coi 

conditions of mo- 
dernity that generate their own en- 

each man feds the animal and that 
constructs something wildly different, 
in his mind’s eye; from disparate 
new Democrat, part old 

both are disruptive of the quiet' 
that existed when c ommunist 

1 could 

be relied on to provide both a utopia 
for sense and an enemy for others. If 
rmdear and thermonuclear 
created the incentive for “new i 

uHst and Foot Vision as Htowk 
menu, cohnon A and cdnnm B. 

But maybe tbe tuning is right for 
that, too, for die preadent who insists 
font pragmatism is die only useful 
ideology. Now there will be negotia- 

inn” almost half a century ago, it is mg, and in the end 

other lands of menaces that need to- aid 

day to be considered, and it is not 
enough to imagine that they aB relate 
to the population explosion or envi- 
ronmental degradation. 

providing nmv erjtal 


ith care 

The writer is editor of Daedaha, the 
journal of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences. He contributed this 
comment to the Herald Tribune. 

welfare may owe at- least as nmdi to 
Repu blic a n legislators as to Demo- 
cratic policy wonts. But no one will 
remember that Bill CKntnh named 
and clai med them. His timing was 
nn Pcccable. Apd in politics, as in so 
much dse, timing can be everything. 

The Hew York Tones. 


1894k Jewish Unemployed 

LONDON — There were about one 
tho u sand men at Tower H31 yester- 
day [Feb. 3J. One Lewis Lyons ad- 
dressed the meeting. He advised the 
Jewish unemployed to stay out of the 
clutches of the police. They had a 
perfect right, he said, to look at the 
well-stocked bakers’ shops in Fleet- 
street and wonder why the bread 
should get stale. There were plenty of 
jewdnr shops in Fleet-street, and 
though be did sot advise them to 
steal yet they could not help wonder- 
ing. when looking at the diamond 
nogs worth £130 each, why they 
should be lyitig there idle while thou- 
sands were starving. 

Wilson, who was given a historic re- 
ception in the Chamber. Every nnm 
and woman present rose as President 
Wilson, the first foreign Chief of. 
State to set foot in the Chamber/ 
entered the building, and they re-’ 
[jffih fld standing until he had taken, 
ha seat amid a tremendous ovation. 

1944: Raiders Fly Blind 

1919: Fete for Wilson 

BOLAND— [From our New York 
edUton:) A fleet of more than 1,100, 
I^anes fonght through snowstorms 
Feb- 3] to attack the great 
Goman naval base and sfambuddmg 
cotter at WUhdiushaveiLlFne bomb- 
ers loosed nearly U00 tons of hiA 
"w tfroogh the thick doud 
that blanketed the German 

PARIS — Setting aside 
which have been unbroken since 
France became a Republic, President 
Pomcarf and the Senators of France 
joined with die Deputies 
[Feb. 3] to do honor to 



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Page 7 


: • ” ^ S/Uy . U. JUVVM.*' *»r» 

Tough Criticism Is Our Job 

.......' . By WilUam S atir e 

TITASHmOTON — Why is it 

▼ V whenever nnWiy. 

— “ ou «uit» upon io 
dive into tb«ar hair shirts, ostenta- 
tiously flageliate iijetcseives and en- 
gage m paroxysms of mea culpa? 

The preening paragraph is hyper- 
bole, a ha tin word sianifvino **tn 

throw a ball beyond the°Lim[ts^ Hy? 

per bole isa (use-honored tradition 

The rougk-rnid-tumble 



cdso keeps politics dean. 

politics and journalism; it is a colorful 
and blessed pan of the warped woof- 
ingin public HTe.. 

I employ it today in response to a 
line in an essay by my colleague An- 
thony Lewis: “Though he had' no 
ground for complaint himself, Bobby 
lrnnan bad a pomt. It is true that men 
and women named to high government 
office are often savagely abused.* - 

Mr. Lewis is a cherished friend but 
is hopelessly compassionate when it 
comes to liberal lawyers appointed to 
high office. One man’s “savage abuse” 
and ‘'partisan zealotry” — hyperbole, 
when applied to principled conserva- 
tive resistance to the attorneys 
Lani Guilder and Robert Fiske — ■ is 
another man’s “dose scrutiny and 
fair crindsm.” • 

The columnist Ellen Goodman, also 
chastised by Mr. Inman for during . 

to go into 
“rductant.”) ... 

A generation ago, in my Nixon 
years, I saw how robust media criti- 
cism could be inhibited by suppress- 
ing fire- Patrick Buchanan wrote a 
speech for Spiro A^new to deliver in 
Dcs Moines blasting the undented 
elite; that wasTfhe end. of “instant 
analysis” and the start o? much of the 
media’s antsy self-consciousness 
about the power of the press. - 

Not every journalist joins in the 
general self-bashing. The other night 
on televirion, Ted Koppel character- 
ized Oliver North,' the candidate for. a 
Virginia senatorial nonunatioii. as “an 
accom plishe d liar' and a shameless 

Whoa the media critic of the Los 
-Angeles Thucs, Howard. Rosenberg,, 
tnt-tuited that this “was a little 
oyer the line," ABCs Mr. Koppcd held 
bis ground: after all, a jury convicted 
Mr. North of lying before the verdict 
was set aside. (Mr. North' lamped up 
the media exposure and did not with- 
draw his candidacy.) . 

f’ cYnfirmati rm hearin g s can b esmear 

the reputations of good people: Cem- 
ent Haynsworth, Robert Bork, John 
Tower and Clarence Thomas come to 
mind. (Not much liberal breast-beat- 
ing about them.) In these cases, the 
press was conduit, not perpetrator; 
criticism of excesses should, be dir- 
ected to the hatchetpersons in the 
political system. 

Bnt tough-minded confirmation 

f No, I don’t want to be defense secretary — 
thatjob has a lousy comfort leveL 9 

It Was a Good Year on Film , , 
Beginning With p Much Ado 9 

By Richard Reeves 

L OS ANGELES — For the record, 
/ 1 thought “Schindler’s Ust" was a 
better movie than “The Piano.” If you 
are into things Irish. I thought “The 
Snapper” was closer to truth than “In 
the Name of the Father ." 

Whether or not the voters of the 
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and 
Sciences agree with me, or with you, 
these movies arc serious works of serious 
purpose. Perhaps some thing is going on 
that I don't know about. 

Like most everyone in my business. 1 
have taken a bit of readers’ time to wail 
about violence and mindlessness in 


movies and on television — particular- 
ly the laner. I am no great student of 
these things, but I sure have seen a lot 

There is a price to be paid, of course, 
to get to do work of a certain seriousness 
— or just to do the kind of work you 
want to do — in a corporate cul ture as 
intensely commercial as the movie busi- 
ness. If you want to do a quirky black- 
and-white film about the Holocaust, it 
helps a lot to be Steven Spielberg, maker 
of billions in films about extraterrestri- 
als and dinosaurs. 

The same is true of Martin Scorsese, 
who has made a lot of people a lot of 
money with films, good films, where 
blood flows in rivers. It is hard to i 

of good movies lately. 
In additic 

hearings, and the press scrutiny lead- 
ing up to them, test the mettle of 
nominees much as a campaign shows 
us how candidates react under fire. 
Sex lives should be “over the line,” but 
business records, previous official ser- 
vice, speeches ana writings should be 
rifted and examined closely. That 
keeps some sensitive souls out of 

E olrtics, but the rough-and-tumble 
eeps politics clean. 

And rigorous confirmations enable 
Congress and die press to get answers 
not otherwise available. Back-scratch- 
ingnetworks are illuminated. 

The Pentagon lawyer Jamie Gore- 
lick was chosen by Hillary Clinton’s 
law partner Webster Hubbell (who 

pompously signs his internal memos 
*‘Asst. Auy. General and Chief Oper- 
ating Officer”) to replace Philip Hey- 
mann as deputy attorney general and 
improve the “personal chemistry” 
atop the Justice Department. 

Ms. Gorelick should be asked about 
her representation of Clark Clifford 
and Robert Altman in their effort 
to get First American Bank to pay 
their legal fees owed to the law firm of 
Robert Fiske. 

Robert Fiske is the man Janet Reno 
was forced by Mr. Hubbell and the 
White House counsel, Bernard Nuss- 
baum, to choose as “special” (non- 
independent; counsel in the 
Whitewater and Vincent Foster in- 

vestigations. Why choose the liberal 
Mr. Fiske, known to be anathema 
to conservatives? 

Because Mr. Heymaco wanted 
someone else — Donald Avre — who 
insisted that no lawyer-client priv- 
ilege be taken by Mr.’Nussbaum and 
the Clintons. 

But the malleable Mr. Fiske made 
no such demands — which is why 
the General Services Administration 
has just signed a three-year lease for 
Mr. Fiske’s headquarters in Little 
Rock, Arkansas. 

Call this savage abuse? Ideological 
zealotry? Spare us the hair shirts; we 
are doing our job. 

The New York Times. 

Hard-Learned Lessons From One Who Has Been in the Cross Hairs 

W ASHINGTON — The dotation of my. friend 
Bobby lnm»n to whhdjawhjsnommatkm to 
be secretary of defense and now the naming of 
another friend* Bin Perry, for the samejob prompt 
some personal observations on thertonnnatiou and 
confirmation process. . 

It is a process 1 know well from three very 
diffe rent n o mi nations.- Iinow frara personal expe- 
rience the joy of. quick and unanimous confirma- 
tion. the pain of withdrawal and the satisfaction, of 
strong, bipartisan confirmation after a long, and 
contentious struggle. I come away from it all con- 
Yinced that the Senate most be free to conducf the 
most searching inquiry as part of confirmation. No 
area erf personal or professorial Hfe of those nomi- 
nated to the most senior positions m government 
should be beyond scrutiny. 

If this is true for the Senate, then it will also be 
true for journalists. But I also befieve that Homan 
and journalists have an obligation to conduct . their 
inquiries responsibly, open-nnnde^y and with to-:. 
gard for fairness, accnracy and the dignity of all 
concerned. Special care is warranted ot matters 
relating to a nominee's character and integrity. 

By Robert M. Gates 

• Of the hundr eds of dedicated and skilled senior 
govmuneirt officials I have known working for six 
presidents of both parties, I have never known one 
who was not deeply affected by apuhlic attack on 
his or her character or integrity. 

No one forgets such attacks. Some swallow hand 
at the' pride of public service and gp on without 
bitterness. Some go forward burdened by rancor 
and cynicism. Ana some amply withdraw. 

But no one who has not been “in the cross hairs” 
can knowihe pain caused even the toughest nomi- 
nee by an off-handed comment by a senator or an 
allegation impugning one’s character. A sense of 
honor is not a quaint anachronism; it is strong in 
most of those willing to do public sendee. 

While it is true that personal attacks on would-be 
officiaZs areas old as the republic, it is also true that 
oulyin recent years have those attacks been flashed 
instantly to -me entire country and even to the 
worid. It is only fairiy recently that those attacks 
have entne not from easily recognizable partisan 
publications or sources but from purportedly ob- 

jective observers — and thus cany more weight. 
Such attacks, even if baseless, remain part erf the 
nominee’s public record forever. 

Because dose scrutiny is critical to public trust, I 
recommend no change to the formal process of 
nomination and confirmation. Nor should press 
scrutiny of nominees be eased. 

But I would urge the Senate and the media to 
reflect on their parts in it. I would encourage 
members of Congress to be more restrained m 
offering off-the-cuff, and often poorly informed, 
comments about a nominee. In the interest of fair 
play and objectivity, journalists should work harder 
to get the foil story when offered a juicy tidbit, 
especially when tendered by a source who does not 
want to be n»«rw»rf or by someone with an obvious 
agenda or vendetta. 

And the White House and Senate should estab- 
lish new ground rules relaxing the long-required 
public of nominees between the announce- 
ment of an appointment and Senate hearings to 
allow a nominee the right of self-defense — espe- 
cially on issues of character or past actions. 

For prospective nominees, when you accept nond- 

ior position, 

m a linn wiQ be fainy painless and mostly unnoticed. 
Bui prepare yourself and your family for the worst. If 
you are in the private sector, prepare for intense 
examination of your professional hfe and your in- 
come. and be prepared to have the activities of yoar 
children and other relatives bared, personal and 
marital problems aired, and friends as weB as busi- 
ness or professional associates investigated. 

If you are in government, expea to cany baggagf 
from one administration to the next You ami 
properly bear the cumulative weight of all your 
actions and decisions over the years. 

A final paint The nomination and confirmation 
process for just about everyone — even those who 
skate through — is a lot like a root canal Bui if you 
are successful and most nominees are, the challenge 
?md honor of public service and the satisfaction of 
tackling the nation's problems, of helping to make 
history, make it all worthwhile. If the president calls. 
I hope you can accept 

77n? writer is a former CIA director. He contribut- 
ed Otis comment to The Washington Post 

addition to those above. 1 have 
seen “The Age of Innocence,” “Fare- 
weD My Concubine” (from China) and 
“The Accompanist” (from France). 
Plus “Beethoven’s 2nd.” a very funny 
movie that satisfied both our 9-year- 
old and her father. Thinking back, I 
realize that there were a suing of good 
movies through 1993. “Much Ado 
About Nothing” comes to mind — it 
had a great script. 

The existence of those films and the 
popularity of most of them are no small 
accomplishments in a medium where 
somebody has to put together at least S10 
million even to ihink about turning on the 
lights. AH this is happening at a time 
when, if an American wants to see more 
than a couple of pieces of good theater, be 
needs a passport and ticket to London. 

And, biting the hand that feeds me, 
this is also a time when book best-seller 
lists are dominated by the fantasies of 
Howard Stem and the guy who wrote 
“The Bridges of Madison County.” 

There may be a logical explanation 
for the current wave of good films — an 
international explanation, since so many 
of the ones I liked were foreign — and 
that is the fact that so many talented 
young people are being drawn to film 
rather than to the stage, television, jour- 
nalism or die loneliness of book writing. 

In Hollywood, there is a joke about 
God coming to Mother Teresa and of- 
fering her anything on earth as reward 
for her good works. Money, pleasure, 
youth — she turns it all down. Finally 
God says there must be something, and 
she says, “WeD. maybe I could direct.” 

Being a director (or even a lowly actor 
or lowuer screenwriter) seems to be the 
ambition of about half of young Ameri- 
ca, beginning with my three sons. Those 
kids are the recent equivalents of people 
who once wanted to be playwrights like 
Kaufman and Hart or star reporters like 
Woodward and Bernstein. 

This year’s movies showcase enor- 
mous talent, and you get the sense that 
there is more where that came from. 

ine the expression on a studio chiefs 
face when Mr. Scorsese said he wanted 
to do Edith Wharton; in fad it is hard 
to imag ine that any executive knew what 
Edith Wharton has done lately. 

That, though, is the way it works in 
any “creative^business. The reward for 
pairing a successful movie is the chance 
to do another. Them, if you stay lucky, 
one day you get a chance to do what you 
want to do — no matter that everyone 
else rhintrg you’re crazy. 

“Stick with what works” is usually the 
motto of bonom-liners who have no 
idea what works. 

At any rate, the business of making 
popular films seems to roe to have had a 
very creative year, one to be proud of, 
hopefully one that will be repeated again 
and again with new names and dreams. 

Let’s face it, print peers, this is not only 
what young people want to do, it is a way 
they want to teadi and learn. “Schindler’s 
List” has the reach and impact that books 
once had — the kind of influence William 
Shirer’s “Rise and Fall of the Third 
Reich” had on people like me. 

Universal Press Syndicate. 

Show the Children 

S HOULD WE lake our youngsters to 
see “Schindler’s List"? Should we 
expose them to the excremental assault 
ou the dignity of men. women and chil- 
dren during the honor of the Holocaust? 
Or will we inadvertently lay a heavy 
stone of despair upon their hearts? 

It is important that they know what 
happened. It is perilous to raise children 
in ignorance of the past 
The question is not whether to know or 
to remember but what to remember and 
how lo serve the honor of that memory so 
that it strengthens our morale and moral- 
ity. Oskar Schindler, the Roman Catholic 
rescuer, represents that small but pre- 
cious number of human beings who 
risked (heir fortunes and lives to rescue 
people not of their faith. In every country 
that the Nazi predators invaded, there 
were ordinary men and women who re- 
fused to succumb to the ugly rationaliza- 
tion that there is no alternative to passive 
complicity with totalitarian killers. 

Our children must know it alL 
— Rabbi Harold M. Schufweis, 
commenting in the Los Angeles Times. 

'i L'. jw '-a. j ...» c-b. 


Decide About Russia 

„ , , Hoi- 

Communist Collusion Behind dut 
Propaganda" (Opinion Jan. 25) . 
by Stephen Koch: " ' 

What an interesting bm specious 
mtlange of- semncomnectcd ele- 
ments Mr.. Koch uses to cobble 
together a tbeory af Hitkr-Stalin 
otSaboratiaii in . 1933. Unfortu- 
nately, it fails, begmniQg with the 
contention that the ~mgnt of the- 
Rdcbstag Gee was a '‘ffwaing 
night" on Feb. 27, 1933 (Rudolf 
Dtds, Gestapo head, wrote in Bis 
memoirs that it was u etn regner- 
pre^ring evening). ^ 

Thecontentions that the Bulgar- 
ian Gtttfa Dimitrov was freed m a 
conspiracy, that the “Night of the 
Long Knives,” when thrSA storm 
trooper chief, Ernst Rfihm, and the 
rest of the laawn-durt leade rs hip 
were executed by the SS blade 
Shirts; apd that' {filler and Statin 
had some tadt understandum (the 
Rnth : Rscha theory) wood-. he - 
very convenient. Unfortunately, 
they arc most unlikely. 

There are unendmg theories 
.about the Reichstag Git. AB were 
ai red, many <Hscredited..The most 
Hedy should have been lhat the 
Ham set it themselve s, by w ayofa 
secret] ' “ ~ ‘*"’~ 

fng ’g newly refurbished jalace. 
Berlin’s fixe chief, Walter Gempp, 
who probably knew die whole sto- 
iv, was arrested and then found 
dead in his ceR Hanussen, the 
nightclub dairvqyant and Nan 
confidant, who tad quasi-predict- 
ed the fire, and wbo was said to 

have recruited the deranged Dutdt. 
rnmmtmis t wbq confessed it, was 
also found murdered. 

What did mtter ym 
Reicbstag firc set off the fear cf a 
Communist coua 
Hiifcr to demand restnetn* new 
laws,’ whirh were immediately 

. con- 

amwV President von Ifinden- 
brng. These laws mariccd the end at 

a -~ —forGennai^. There was 

- lMe opposition to then 
amass wanted to give - 
their newly installed - rulers the 
f . Wire to dean up the md& In re- 

xdfap Mi most of their precious' 
rig ht* with the now Hitlerian “laws 1 
for the protection of the stated” 
Obviously, tins was in Hitler’s, 
interest. As far Mr. Dimitrov, who 
was arrcsicd with two other Bdgaa- 
an C o m m u ni sts as £ co-conspirator 
in the fixe, -and who, according to 
Mr. Koch, was released in an ar- 
rangement with, the Conmamkrts; 
Mr. Dimitrov's testimony in open, 
court, with the international 'press in 
aHendancc, made the doer Mr. 
GOong lock tike a foot Mr. Dimi-' 
trov also successfully tented that the 
fire tad been set % fi* Nads for , 
thea" own'jpower riiy . yfheo he fin- 
khM testifying, it was too late fa 
any Nan-Communist collusion. _ 
The fat was in the fire. There was 
-fittle to do but to (fischarge tan f or 
insnffickan evidence. lie later be- 
came prime mnrisier oT .posiwar 
Communist Bulgaria. 

"True, there syas some Soviet- 
German collaboration, before Au- 
gust I939. mainly to do with avia- 
tion and trade, but . ia February 
1933, nehherHWer nor Stalin was 
sufficiently aware of the. other or 

presdeat about the others place in 

the future to strike a deal- Hitler’s 
greatest early talent was his intu- 

roon. The Rdchsxagfire, no matter 
who set iL gave him tta opportuni- 
ty, m Iris wordv to democracy 
to destroy democracy?’/ 


New York. 

The writer is author of '*Hida f s 
Diplomat: The Life and Times of 
Joaddm ron Ribbentrop. ” - 

Regarding " Europe 
mg NATO, Not Utopian Gim- 


Needs a 


micks" by Henry Kissinger and 
“East Europeans Should Get a Real 
West European ’Yes’ in 2994" by 
Timothy Garton Ash, Michael 
Merles and Dominique Molsi 
(Opinion, Jan. 24): 

The writers of both articles cam! 
dements that could have simplified 
discosaon of membership for East 
countries in NATO: 
West Europeans be vnU- 
the Bales and others? 
Americans be wilfing to the for 
countries that a former president 
cottid not even locate on the map? 
Why should the West offer a service 
it cannot provide? 

2) Is it reasonable to add to the 
task erf NATO, which today is less 
old less capable of defending even 
the European^ Union? Europeans do 
not want to serve in their own ar- 
mies; sor to pay for strong profes- 
sional armies to withstand a hypo- 
thetical attack from Rnsria. 

3) If the purpose of the East Eu- 
ropeans’ request is to speed admis- 
s km to the European Union, it 
shook! be rejected. Membership 
should, be judged on its own merits. 
Far how, then interests would be 
better served by a strong effort at 
economic integration among them- 
selves. West Europeans have shown 
no great desire to trade with them, 
Jet alone pay the costs of bringing 
than to European Union levels. 

-i 4) If the hope is that Rnssia and 
Other ex-Soviet states win one day 
be able to jam NATO, would that 
not be die time to disband NATO? 

5)If, on the other hand, we think 
a common defense system is oeces- 
saiy, do we reaByseed aconrarinee 
of European Union defense minis- 
ters, NATO and Western Dtropean 
Union officials to manage it? 

Europe should make up its mind 
on whether Russia will remain a 


§or tSwecoM. 

danger for the next decade or so. If 
the answer is yes, NATO should be 
brought up to its task in manpower 
and firepower, and it should count 
oa the united States only for its 
nuclear shield. If the answer is no, 
NATO should be abandoned as 
soon as possible. 


Jkvea, Spain. 

Hie New Prohibition 

Regarding “All’s Fair in the Wa- 
rm Crime" (Opinion, Jan. 29) by 
A. M. Rosenthal 

The United States got along 
quite well for its first 150 years 
with legalized drugs, in c l uding co- 
caine and opium derivatives. Pro- 
hibition of alcohol, that first great 
mistake of those busybodies who 
say “there ought to be a law,” not 
only did not work according to its 
intent, it made the Mafia an en- 
trenched economic power in the 
United States and seriously eroded 
respect for the law. (Alcohol con- 
sumption actually rose during Pro- 
hibition and fell dramatically upon 
repeal.) The current Prctebinon, 
unfortunately, takes up where the 
last one left off, again making bat- 
tlefields of our does. 

If the esctraordinaiy profit incen- 
tive artificially created by criminal- 
ization did not exist, would drug 
dealing be the temptation it now is 
for onderprivilegai youth? How 
much of today's violent crime 
stems from that windfall profit, or 
from the inability to pay artificially 
inflated prices? Justice Depart- 
ment stumes have estimated that a 
staggering 50 percent of all proper- 
ty crimes are drug-related. 

I, far one, otgect to my tax doOais 
being used to create criminak oat of 

q ^Twig who use mind-altering sub- 
stances other than the officially 
jBm ctiop g d caffeine, nicotine, alco- 
hol, and prescription drags. I object 
to a mmmafizflti on winch results in 
an increase in substance abuse; I 
object to the steady degradation of 
theU-S Constitutico, umidiit inev- 
itably entails. The only ones who 
benefit from the war on. drugs are 
international crime car tels. 

A number of wdLreasoned pro- 
posais for ritocriminafizatioa exist. It 

is time to Hft the taboo, and kx them 

b ^rnri y- part of open pubhc debate. 

Hank God the Umted States has 
a sureeoii-gnieral in Joycdyn Hdeo 
who lias the guts to ask the ultimate 
politicall y incorrect question. 



Too Goodto Be Tree? 

Regarding “From a Child’s Pen. 
a Sarajevo War Diary” (Jan. 7): 

' Am I the only one who found the 
story of the new “Anne Frank” 

from Boaua a little too heartwarm- 
ing to bdieve? I suppose next weTl 
. be hearing that Hollywood has 
boned herstmy for its next mg 
fed-good movie, 


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Be there now. 



International Herald Tribune 
Friday , February 4, 1994 
Page 8 

High Rollers, 
High Stakes: 
The Casinos 
Of Mayfair 

Getting a 'Drop’ 
On the Gaming 

' ■a'** 

Cluhs of London 

By David Spanier 

L ONDON — You don’t need to be a 
miQiooaire for a night out at the 
tables in London. In good dines and 
in bad, the British love to gamble. 
You can play for the price of a taxi ride or you 
can stake tens of thousands of pounds. Either 
way, the casinos doited around the raffish 
little strip of Mayfair set between between 
Piccadilly and Park Lane are on a rolL 
The “drop” or total money gambled in the 
capital’s 21 casinos rose to a record total last 
year, close to £1.5 billion ($L25 billion). 

Londoners themselves, squeezed by reces- 
sion and stung by new taxes, are not the 
main players. The new high rollers are punt- 
ers from the Far East. A group of Malaysians 
recently dropped several million at the Ritz 
Cub on Piccadilly, which turned in a pretax 
profit of £20 milli on last year. 

According to another high-rolling casino, 
Crockfonfs on Curzon Street, its top 10 play- 
ers in the past three years accounted for more 
than half its total profit. When one high roller 
flies home to lick bis wounds, another is likely 
to drop in. Or so the management hopes. 

Part of the charm of casinos in London is 
that every establishment reflects, in its style, 
its staff, its tone, the finely graded nuances 
of the British class system. Which is to say 
there is gaming to suit all social levels. 

A player may dine in candlelighted splen- 
dor under the chandeliers of Les Ambassa- 
deuis, formerly Lord Rothschild’s crrnaie 
mansion at the end of Park Lane. Or a 
gambler can sneak off to Soho, where amid 
the sleaze and the strip joints he can roll dice 
with the locals at Chester's, newly decorated 
in gumlinging Wild West style. Or he can 
choose a comfortable upper-middle ambi- 
ence at Maxim's in Kensington, which 
among other attractions has a private dining 
room with a minstrels' gallery. 

Yet you could live in London for months 
on end and never be aware that this is the 
capital city of European gambling. British 
casinos are not allowed to advertise their 
wares. The whole operation is discreetly hid- 
den from view. The official regulation of 
casino gambling is like Victorian society’s 
altitude to sex: It may be necessary to allow 
gambling, for those who cannot resist this 
(regrettable) urge. But, really, it should not 
be seen in public. 

Control of gaming has always been marked 
by a Puritan streak, going right bade to the 
days of Henry VIII. One indulgence, however, 
is permitted under modem British law. 
Though the kind of gilded hospitality that Las 
Vegas and Atlantic City casinos shower on 
favored clients is prohibited, the code of prao- 

Ronaa Canto/ EMT 

tier does aDow gamblers to pause for dinner. 
And the dining is often spectacular. The chefs 
at the top London casinos vie with each other 
in presenting as elaborate a cuisine as any 
restaurant in town, often with Arabic. Chi- 
nese, Indian and Thai menus. 

It may be some consolation to a Japanese 
f inan cier or Chinese taipan who has dropped 
a couple of milli on for the night that they can 
eat, drink and be merry at the houses ex- 
pense. Even so, they need to drink up pretty 
fast: Under British regulations the bars shut 
at 1 1 P. M. No drinks at the gaming table, 
either. This is absolutely taboo, as an “in- 
ducement” to gamble. 

The ambivalence of the British approach 
to gambling means that a visitor in town for 
a couple of nights who might want to visit a 
casino cannot just walk in off the street and 
play, American-style. Casinos are licensed as 
“clubs” and the players are therefore “mem- 
bers.” Before making a Gist visit, a player 
must sign on, 4S hours ahead of time, signal- 
ing his or her intention to gamble. The idea is 
to ensure that would-be punters are of a calm 
and balanced frame of mind and to prevent 

anyone dropping in to try their luck at rou- 
lette or blackjack just on impulse (perish the 

The club subscription in most cases is 
nominal. The 48-hour rule, more than any 
other, irks the casino industry, which de- 
pends for the bulk of its profit on overseas 
visitors, who may be in London for a short 
stay. The casinos maintain that foreign play- 
ers, at least, should be exempt from the rule. 
But visitors are allowed into casinos if they 
are guests of a member. Hours of opening: 2 
P. M. to 4 A. M., 365 days a year. 

The latest casino to open is Aspin ail's on 
Curzon Street As befits Britain's most cele- 
brated gambler. John Aspinali offers the 
highest maximum in town, £2,000 on a num- 
ber at roulette, worth £70,000 if it hits. A 
player's maximum win or loss in such a 
session could easily ran to £4 million to £6 
million. At those stakes, which do not hap- 
pen every day, who cares about a drink after 
11 P.M.? 

David Spanier is a British journalist who 
often writes about gambling. 

\’ie wise 

Tod os a la Cared 

Directed by Luis G. BerUinga. 

Berlanga has taken the pulse of 
Spanish satire during a long ca- 
reer, dating from the classic 
"Bienvenido Mister Marshall” 
of the 1950s. Now. in his first 
film in six years, he presents a 
scorching and hilarious critique 
of Spain's governing Socialists, 
the opposition conservatives, the 
clergy, haute-cuisine Spanish 
Basque chefs and even the CIA. 
As former political prisoners un- 
der Franco, the Socialists plan 
an overnight reunion in a jail 
\cdrcel). But the organizers cyni- 
cally aim to pocket most of the 
charitable donations for the 
event, while a distraught busi- 
nessman shows up hoping to 
meet a government minister and 
get paid S570.000 the state owes 
him for installing toilets in pub- 
lic buildings. Don't worry, he is 
told, the government owes ev- 
eryone money. The problem for 
viewers not immersed in con- 
temporary Spain is the likeli- 

hood of missing some of the best 
jokes. The camera deftly moves 
from vignette to vignette, almost 
like little waves at sea, carrying 
the stray forward to the next 
laugh. (At Goodman, IHT) 


Directed by Tokay oshi Yama- 
guchi. Japan 

Minoru, having nothing else to 
do. works for a second-rate 
manga mag called Maiden's 
Dream. Ketko. his girlfriend, 
otherwise unoccupied, maybe 
wants to go to Brazfl. Yum. his 
other girlfriend, sort or up in 
the air, is thinking perhaps of 
trying out another boyfriend. 
Maybe. For a film in which this 
is ail that happens, the power is 
surprising. This is because Ya- 
maguchi, making his first pic- 
ture, is really mapping the emo- 
tional desert in which the young 
unwittingly dwell. They* play 
around, try things out, ana do 
not even consider committing 
themselves to anything or any- 
one — do not, indeed, even 

know that this is occasionally 
possible. Yamagucbi Teels 
strongly about all this waste. He 
knows it weU, as a refugee from 
the empty terrain of TV adver- 
tising, and he quit his job to say 
ii in this 16mm, black-and- 
white film. He also knows his 
Jarmusch — knows his Anton- 
ioni, too — but most important, 
he knows himself. 

(Donald Richie , IHTf 

Directed bv Michael A pied, 

Whenever Hollywood trots out 
its favorite premise about the 
beautiful blind woman and the 
deadly stalker, the audience dis- 
covers something new. So 
"Blink.” a variation on this dis- 
creetly sadistic formula, brings 
its share of little revelations: 
That even a mystery story can 
be overpowered by high-tech 
special effects. That if a stalker 
wants to be scary he'd better 
show a little style. And that 
beautiful blind women are a lot 

tougher than they used to be. 
" Blink” finds something entic- 
ingly spooky in Emma Brody, 
who is first seen as the milky- 
eyed fiddler with an Irish rock 
band, played by Madeleine 
Stowe. But* this ium isn’t con- 
tent to explore Emma’s colorful 
character. It insists on having a 
gimmick, too. “Blink” focuses 
on Emma's uncertain vision. 
When Emma receives corneal 
transplants after 20 years or 
blindness, her eyesight comes 
back in a peculiar way. She can 
see someone without registering 
the image until hours later, a 
phenomenon that is central to 
the uneven screenplay. So 
**B!ink’' has Emma being 
stalked by phantom villains 
who may or may not be any- 
where near her. That device 
provides a good way of scaring 
viewers out of their seats. But 
the film gets so sidetracked by 
its computer tricks that it ne- 
glects to fill in seme very basic 
elements of its suspense plot. 

f Janet Maslin. YT) 





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Japan’s Harbinger of Spring 


By Carol Lutfy 

T OKYO — The cherry blossom may 
be idealized for its delicacy and 
fleeting beauty, but it is the intrep- 
id plum blossom, acting as nature’s 
foot soldier, that ushers in Japan’s spring 
season every year. Braving February snow 
and winds, the hearty blossoms, known as 
ume, coax the nation out from under foot 
warmers and into parks and gardens. They 
also bring a season of festivities. 

Ume viewing is, at its best, a time of 
enthusiastic eating. From beneath a dusting 
of snow, a plum subculture emerges, and one 
of Japan's most popular foods is devoured 
with abandon. Made from unripe plums har- 
vested the previous June, the tart umeboshi, 
or sailed plum, is available in more than 20 
varieties. There are also plum crackers, plum 
tea, plum jam. plum vinegar, plum wine and 
even plum noodles. At public plum groves 
and private plum gardens throughout the 
Tokyo metropolitan area, crowds hover 
around food stalls, hands extended to grab a 
sample of the year’s wackiest offerings. 

Japanese plum trees are members of the 
Western apricot family. In their rivalry with 
the more celebrated cherry blossom, they 
remain a distant — perhaps unjustified - — 
second, buz have a few undisputed strengths. 
First and foremost, the trees are painstaking 
works of art, with slim trunks ana intricately 
gnarled branches that attest to yean of al- 
most constant pruning. Then, too, their vel- 
vety blossoms — in red, blue, pink, yellow 
and white — are fragrant and long-lasting, 
compared with scentless, short-lived cherry 
blossoms, in white and pink only. 

That said, fans of ume viewing need to be 
as tough in the face of the cold as the 
blossoms they set out to appreciate. Hanegi 
Park, in the city's residential Setagaya Ward, 
initiates Tokyo’s plum-blossom season with 
a blustery festival that begins on Feb. 6. 
Visitors approaching the park are greeted by 
the mournful song of a roasted-potato ven- 

hnlding their childr en's hands, cross paths 
with snuggling couples. The rows of trees 
seem to be topped with tufts of cotton candy. 

Across town, the plum festival at Yushima 

Shrine in SMtamachi, Tokyo's old quarter, 
bubbles over with traditional eotertamggflt 
and down-home hospitality. Upon entering 
the shrine grounds, visitors are greeted with 
cups of steaming green tea, served op by 
neighborhood volunteers. 

Yushi ma is one of Tokyo's oldest shrines, 
dating from the mid-14ib century. It holds 
an annual celebration devoted to the plum 

passion: hand-pruned bonsai plum treat, 
hand-picked salted plans and home-made 
phim jams are for sale everywhere^ 

The plum groves, stretching as far as the 
eve can see, leap straight out of an Impres- 
sionist painting —confident brash strokes m 
white, pink, yellow and gray, daubed across 
entire fafUsides. During the official ameresa- 
val, Feb. 26 to March 27, youll run into 
musidans and other merrymakers. ’ 

Northeast of Tokyo. Kairakuen m Mho 
City is the country's preeminent place for 
plum viewing. Designated a® csne of the 
three most celebrated gardens in- Japan, it is 
cherished not only for its elegant layout and 

blossom from Feb. IS through March 15. 
(The festival coincides with Japan’s college 
entrance-exam season, so you are bound to 
notice that racks of ema, votive plaques, 
from students praying for success, vastly 
outnumber the plum trees.) In fact, the 450 

From beneath a dusting of 
snow, an entire plum 
subculture emerges. 

dor. Operating out of a small white pickup 
truck, from which he codes and sells piping- 
hot sweet potatoes, he is a soulful reminder 
that winter has not yet turned to spring. 

Hanegi Park offers family-style fun be- 
neath a canopy of about 650 plum trees. The 
centerpiece of the festival is a bonsai plum- 
tree exhibition. Among the perennial favor- 
ites is a variety that is difficult to breed with 
pink, yellow and blue blossoms all on the 
same tree. There are also specimens that 
have been trained to grow at a 60-degree 
angle — a feat that probably has more ad- 
venturous than true aesthetic value. 

Beyond the exhibition, there is food, food 
and more food: hot baked potatoes, oozing 
with butter grilled and blackened com on 
the cob; bubbling oden stew; teaming udon 
noodles — and hot sake to wash it all down. 

In the upper-middle-class neighborhood of 
Umegaoka (roughly translated as Hills of 
Plum Blossoms), the festival is distinguished 
by its laid-back, no-frills atmosphere. Parents 

or so plum trees cat the grounds are not the 
main attraction. It is the carefully organized 
entertainment that makes Yushima the most 
colorful ume festival in town. 

Visitors are likely to chance upon a profes- 
sional paper cutler who produces likenesses 
of a dragon, an ox-drawn cart, and Akebono, 
the Hawaiian-born sumo wrestler, in seconds. 
There is also an annual auction of bananas. 
Fating the b ananas is supposed to help high 
school students pass their college entrance 
exams, and the competition among parents to 
buy thfm is cotmcaL On the other side of the 
shone grounds, women in urne-partemed ki- 
monos demonstrate the tea ceremony, and 
food stall after food stall offers free samples of 
plum crackers, plum tea and plum wine. 

If pondering natural beauty is your plea- 
sure. Yoshino Baigo, a village overflowing 
with 25,000 trees, is the place to go. Just an 
hour or so outside Tokyo, Yoshino is situat- 
ed on the banks of the Tama River against a 
dramatic backdrop of jagged-edged moun- 
tains. Situated in the greater dty of Ome 
(Blue Plum), the town is an advertisement 
for Japan’s scenic beauty. 

Yoshino has been known for centuries as a 
kind of plum paradise for its wide variety of 
plum products. Though considerably scaled 
down today, that tradition lives on through 
the efforts of part-time plum growers. 

The walk through Yoshino village is as 
captivating as the enormous public plum 
groves it shelters. You wiQ find the ubiqui- 
tous food stalls, setting everything from 
plum vinegar to plum toilet paper. But soon, 
trafficked streets lead into narrow paths that 

by Nariaki Tokugawa, the ninth Lord of 
Mito, who, unlike other feudal lords of his 
day, sought to share ins passion for plum 
blossoms. In the mid- 1880s he buflt Kaira- 
Jcuen and opened its door to the public. 
During peak blossoming season, he invited 
village eiders to write poetry in his villa. 

These days, peak season brings to Kaira- ' 
kuen a full-blown festival from Feb. 20 to 
Match 22. As at other ume festivals, there 
are food stalls galore; there are also open-air 
tea ceremonies, outdoor koto (Japanese 
harp) performances and miniature plum ■ 
trees on exhibit and for sale. While the 
festival is terrific, it is also crowded, attract- 
ing as many as 10,000 tourists a day. 

A visit to the grounds reveals chary trees, 
pprsifBKi and Japanese bush clover in addition 
to the 10 varieties of phnn. lt also offers a look ’ 
atNariakfs former villa, whose interiors are , 
cnen to the public. The name of the villa — < 
Kobuittri — tents at the importance of plum- 
blossom imagery in ancient Chinese ana Jap- . 
anese poetry. Nariaki named it after an rad 
Chinese verse that says phnn Uossoms need a 
scholarly environment to flourish. 

In Lus spirit, Nariaki established Kodo- 
kan, one of the japan's first university-tike ' 
institutions, in Mito City. Though only a; 
fraction the size of Kairakuen, Kodokan’s 
grounds are laced with plum trees and worth ’ 
a visit if you’re planning a leisurely day. 

Carol Lutfy, a journalist who- divides her 
time between New York, and Tokyo, wrote this 
for The flew York Times . ' ; 

are flanked by private gardens. 
Though you’ll pass an occasil 

Though you'd pass an occasional cabbage 
patch and rice paddy, plums are the local 

■ It’s nothing, if not art, that has 
visitors to ibeTate Gallery in Liverpool 
luting up to see an empty room created 
by an American artist, Aim Hatmhon. She 
calls the weak “Mneme,” the Greek 
word for memory. Museum officals speak 
of tbe “charged emptiness” in the room 
winch “is lad bare, and the outside world 
can be men and fell through the 
windows.” What you see tsyvhat you get 

Ins and Outs of Tokyo and Kyoto 

By David M. Kahn 

T OKYO — Anyone who is about to 
make a first trip to Tokyo. Kyoto 
or both faces a quandary when it 
comes to choosing good guide- 
books from the dozens available. Trial and 
error has taught me that the sensibility of the 
authors is far more important than the pub- 
lisher’s brand name. 

The best guides to Tokyo and Kyoto are 

excellent guidebooks: Suzntko Eobutsu’s “Old 
Tokyo: Walks in the Gtyof the Shogun” and 

written by people who have spent consider- 
able time in Japan or who are Japanese. Their 
books evoke the rich atmosphere of Japanese 
culture rather than merely describe it and the 
points of interest they chose to discuss are 
more than stops on the itinerary. 

If you want a single practical guide that 
will get you around Tokyo and Kyoto, the 

best volume is the revised edition of June 
Kinoshita and Nicholas P&ievsky’s “Gateway 
to Japan,” published in 1992L It covers the 
country, but includes detailed sections on 
Tokyo and Kyoto. The Tokyo portion was 
issued separately in 1995 under the title 
“Gateway to Tokyo." 

Almost one-quarter of “Gateway to Japan” 
is devoted to an introduction to Japanese 
history and culture. The information cm festi- 
vals. crafts, cuisine, and other subjects is more 
thorough and more thoughtfully presented 
than in comparable general guides to Japan. 

“Gateway to Japan" divides Tokyo into 
four major quadrants and suggests neighbor- 
hoods and sites to visit in each zone. Kyoto is 
similarly covered in fire sections. The authors 
hit the highlights and provide extensive lis ting s 
of well-chosen lodgings and restaurants. 

Tokyo is basically big. modem, and brassy. 
Bui it also has another, warmer, and more 
traditional side. For travelers interested in ex- 
ploring tbe dry's rich heritage there are two 

Tokyo: Walks in the Gty of the Shogun” and 
Tae Moriyama’s “Tokyo Adventures: 
Glimpses of the Gty in Bygone Eras.” 

Both are organized around walking touts 
of distinctive Tokyo neighborhoods, and in- 
clude discussions of museums, temples and 
other attractions as well as shopping and 
dinin g recommendations. 

Of the two, “Okl Tokyo: Walks in the Gty 
of the Shogun” is the more charming. Shita- 
machi. the focus of tbe book, is a collection of 
older Tokyo neighborhoods that more or less 
flank the Sumida River. In the city’s premo- 
dera period, merchants, craftsmen, geisha. 
Kabuki actors and other commoners filled 
Shitamachfs leaning streets. In contrast, the 
hffly areas in the city’s western region were 
the preserve of the sbognn, the great lords, or 
daimyo, and their vassals. 

The book indudes tours of 11 neighbor- 
hoods. Among my favorites is Yanaka, a 
beautiful area Oiled with small wooden tem- 
ples and houses that have somehow escaped 
earthquakes, bombings and redevelopment 
Tbe book identifies quaint shops to visit 
along the way, such as Isetatsu, where pat- 
terned paper goods are sold. 

The author’s dining recommendations have 
particularly endeared her book to me. In each 
tour she identifies marvelous restaurants. Most 
have been doing business for generations and 
they all specialize in particular areas of Japa- 
nese arisne. The book trils you wbal to older 
and speOsout the appropriate Japanese words 
phonetically. Her recommendations include 
Ponta in Ueoo and Daikokuya in Asakusa. 
Ponta. housed in a new building with chic, 
t ra ditio n al detailing, specializes in tonkatsu. a 
tender-deep-fried pork cutlet. At Daikokuya, a 
neighborhood restaurant, connoisseurs order 
tendon, a seafood uanpura in a thick saivr 
served over rice. 

Tokyo Adventures: Ohntpses of tbe Gty 
in Bygone Eras,’ published in 1993, explores 
most of the same Shitamachi neighborhoods 
covered by the Enbutsu boot But Tokyo 
Adventures’ devotes equal space to walking 
tours in other sections of Tokyo like the 
fashionable Aoyama, with its designer both 

A major attraction in Aoyama is the Nezu 
Art Museum. As tbeboak notes, the museum's 
collections of Japanese screens and tea cere- 
mony utensils are wonderful But an even 
greater feature is iu spacious traditional gar- 
den that spreads down the ML The narrow 
paths take visitors past teahouses, stone lan- 
terns and over small wooden bridges. 

T HERE are many other spedahred 
guidebooks to Tokyo, including 
Kick Kennedy's “Good Tokyo Res- 
taurants.” reissued in a third edition 

-•« taurants." reissued in a third edition 
in 1992; Thomas and Ellen Flannigan’s "To- 
kyo Museums: A Complete Guide," published 
in 1993, and Steven L Clemens’s Tokyo Fink 
Guide,” also published in 1993. 

Whichever you choose, always check for 
one thing: the presence of detailed mops that 
can get you to where you are going. Tokyo’s 

address system can only be described as cha- 
otic. Mailmen know where things are; but no' 
one else does. One friend told me of stopp ing 
in at a neighborhood police station to find 

out where a particular store might be. The 
policeman didn't have a dins and called the 
shop, only to discover it was two doors away. 
The best guidebooks to Tokyo take account 
of this situation by including finely Spiled 

David M. Kahn, director of the Brooklyn 
Historical Society and a frequent visitor to 
Japan, wrote this for The New York Tunes. 



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International Herald Tribune 
Friday, , February 4, 1994 
Page 9 

: Cruise Liner of the Future or One More Dream? 

By Roger Collis 

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1929 Sf* ^P^Tokyoto Los^Vngdes 
The British had dismantle th^R- 
100 after the crash of the fll-designed.R-lQl ' 
m ita matter voyage to India in 1930. The 
ninaenburg disaster was the coup de grace, 
for public and government confidence in 
atrsmp safety. 

Since tlwn, airships in the form of Wimp® 
pnonngid airships without a frame — haw 
round a role in police work and coastal 
sun^ance,, off-shore rig m»imqppTie» and 
as TV camera platforms' to cover sports 
events. And, of course, as flying bflflxwnls. 

they are familiar sights above cities like San 
Francisco, Tokyo and Sydney. * 

But today, airships are begmsatg to make 
a comeback as passenger vehicles — for 
regular shuttle services, and luxury sky 
Qtnises. Traveling at weeds of 30 to 60 mOes 
^50 .to TOO kflometers) an boor just BOO feet 
(240 meters) above ground, airships offer 
spectsusular. views, and a quiet, SpadOUS 
environment — you can walk around, even 
open the windows. Modern airships are safe, 
comfortable, cheap to operate ana environ- 
ment-friendly. (Airships consume about 
eightgafloos of fad an hour and can operate 
fora week an the fuel that a 747 uses rating 
from the gate to the runway,) 

“We’re expiating the possibility of sky 
craves over parts rf tie world that are best 
seen from a ship — rain forests in Brazil and 
Peru,. Hawaii, chateaux of the Loire, flights 
Wong the Nile to see the pyramids, air safaris 
m Kenya; the idea of erasing over Venice 
-would fre spectacular,” says George Spyrou, 
c h ai r man of Airship Management Services 
in Cbnaecticat, winch owns and operates 
airships. “Airships are natural de-ins with 
ennseships — crating in to Cannes and then 
doing a sky cruise, you’d pack the ship oul*’ 
Airship Management operates Skyship 

(500 airships — originally developed by a 
British company. Airship Industries, of 
which Spyrou was marketing director. Is 
1990, Airship Industries collapsed, and de- 
sign' and manufacturing rights for tie Sky- 
ships were acquired bywesringbousc. 

The Skyship 600 is 193 feet long with a 
cabin for 10 to 12 passengers and a cruising 
speed of about SO miles an hour. The 6,000- 
cubiourdcr envelope (about 210,000 cubic 
feet) is filled with inert helium rather than 
the inflammable hydrogen of the prewar 
airships. (By a tragic irony tic U. S. govern- 
ment refused helium supplies for the Hrn- 
deuburg — for which the ship was designed 
— /or strategic reasons.) 

The early steps were also bedeviled fry 
structural failures in the elaborate aluminum 
skeletons enclosing the gasbags. The Skyships 
are buili with modem lightweight composite 
plastics — the gondola is bonded to ibe enve- 
lope — with fiber-optic avionics and controls. 

'‘State-of-the-art with conventional air- 
craft is what they call fly-by-wire, electronic 
signaling to tie controls with no rods and 
linkages,” says Roger Monk, architect of the 
Skyship and now with Westinghouse as tech- 
nical director of its airship program. “We’ve 
gone one step beyond that We are the first 

aircraft in the world to fly with a fly-by-light 
system. We’ve thrown away all electrics and 
do all tie signaling with optic fibers." 

Skyships are powered by two Porsche tur- 
bo engines, linked to variable-pitch propel- 
lers, which can vector, or swivel through 200 
degrees to move tie ship up and down and 
forward and backward. The ship can there- 
fore hover and maneuver with even more 
sensitivity than a helicopter (in fact, more 
like a Harrier jump-jet) but without the noise 
and commotion. In calm conditions, it can 
hover six inches from tie ground or sea. The 
only power an airship needs for hovering is 
to counteract tie wind. “It’s just like a fish in 
tie water up there,” Spyrou says. The old 
zeppdins could sail tie Atlantic at B0 miles 
per hour (making the crossing in two and a 
half days) but were clumsy when it came to 
docking: They were only "able to move for- 
ward against tie wind. 

W IND is the nemesis of an air- 
ship. In windy patches or up- 
drafts. tie ship can pitch and 
roll like a sailboat dipping 
through the waves. In bad weather, such as 
rain or snow, or wind over about 25 knots 
(29 miles per hour), most airship pilots 

would not take off — although an airship 
can cope with such weather when airborne. 

“ft’s not so much tie wind speed as tie 
gusting,” Spyrou says, “It's taking off and 
landing. If we have a steady 30-knot wind we 
can mast, no problem — but if we have 
gusting, shifting conditions of 20 to 30 knots, 
tie pilots are very uncomfortable. So we try 
not to fly. or stand off. it’s a buoyant vehicle. 
You are not going to have a problem unless 
you bump into something.” An airship is 
more durable than it looks, it can fly for 
several hours with a bole tie size of a saucer 
in tie envelope. 

“We're a lot less weaticr-dependem and 
we can fly twice as often as larger airships — 
we were overhead at tie Wembley Cup final 
when they were registering 35 knots,” says 
Hugh Band, marketing director erf Virgin 
Lightships, part of Virgin Atlantic. "Light- 
ships are smaller than Skyships, but more 
aerodynamic and sleeker. We can fly in, yes, 
in gusting conditions of about 30 knots. We 
fly 50 knots flat out in calm conditions.'' 

Lightships are made by American Blimp 
Corp. in Portland, Oregon. They cany four 
passengers and light up at night with a giant 
light bulb inside a translucent envelope. “We 
do champagne night cruises over tie theme 

parks in Orlando charging 580 to 5130 for 
half an hour to two hours," Band says. 
“We're looking ai developing a Jarger-scale 
passenger Lightship." 

Enter the U.S, Navy, which awarded 
Wcsiinghouse a S168 million contract to 
build a giant airship to replace Boeing 
AW ACS surveillance aircraft. An airship 
would have longer endurance and be much 
less expensive to operate. The Skyship 5000, 
400 feet long (nearly twice tie length of a 
747), with an envelope of 70,000 cubic me- 
ters — smaller than tie Hinder! burg’s 
200,000 cubic meters — is scheduled for 
1996. A civil version could carry 100 people 
in a double-deck configuration for trans- 
pacific and trans-Ailanuc flights at speeds 
up to 100 miles an hour. 

Meanwhile. Zeppelin Luftscbifftechnik in 
Friedricbsbafen, Germany, is developing 
new airships (205 and 330 feet long seating 
12 and 84 passengers) with a top speed of 87 
miles per hour. They will have semi-rigid 
airframes — a hybrid of a blimp and a 
prewar dirigible. In silhouette, they have an 
uncanny resemblance to tie old Zeppelins. 
Perhaps in 1996. when the prototype flies, 
the ghost of the Hin den burg will finally be 


7/.! f 

. • _ t 

■ i 

m •! 

... * * 
. • i? 

- ■ x 



Musfie d’Art Ancien, left ( 2 ) 506- 
32-11, dosed Mondays. Continu- 
■f ing/To Fob. 27: “Las XX et La Libre 
Esthatique, Cent Ans Apres.’’. Fea- 
tures the works exhibited under the 
aegis, of tie two audacious Belgian 
associations between 7884 and 
1914. includes works by Seurat, 
Bonnard. Ensor and van de Velde, 


Provindaai Museum voor Modeme 
Kunst, tab (59) 50-81-18. dosed 
Tuesdays. To March 7: "Henri Victor 
Wofvens," A retrospective: or 250 
works by the figurative Belgian paint- 
er (1896-1977), including figure 
paintings, interior scenes, land- 
scapes and seascapes. 


London ' 

Royal Academy of Arts, tel: (71) 
439-7438, open daily. Con tin th- 
ing /To April 2: 'Trie Unknown Motfl- 
glianl." More than 400 drawings by 
Italian artist Amedeo Modigliani from 
1906 to 1924. Confinutafl/To April 
6: “In Pursuit of the Absolute: Art In 
the Ancient Wdrtd." The exhibit w ill 
display some 300 masterpieces from 
the George Ortiz collection, Inducing 
Sumerian carvings, .Egyptian, sculp-, 
tures and Greek bronzes, vases and 
jewelry, as well as-, a: selection of. 
works from the cultures of Africa, the; 
Americas arid the Padflc-lstandB.. • 
Victoria and Aftert Museum, tel: 
(71) 58«377, open daBy. To April 
10: “Faberge: imperial. ;JewBfler£ 
Features eight ot. the famous Easter 
eggs, as wefl as. various mementoes . 
oreoted by Faberge lor Ntchofaf II . 
, and AtexarWralarxr othMJt&a-apean 
J patrons. \ 

CAMAPA . ~ yT"; .; 

Montreal j! 

Mustie dee Beaux-Arts, tei: (514) 
28W2000, dosed Mondays. Tb-May . 
1: “Duane Hanson." 30 hyperreaBs- 
tic sculptures reveal the other side of 
the American Dream. • 


Musto das Beaux-Arte de i'On- 
tariO„tal: (416) 977-0414, closed 
Mondays and Tuesdays. Continu- 
ing /To March ft “Seven Florentine 
Heads: 15th-Century Drawings from 
the Collection of Her Majesty the 
Queen.” Sllverpoint drawings by Fra 
Angelico, Leonardo da Vtod, £>o- 
meniop Ghirlandaio and BBppoUftoL 
among others. 


Castle Riding School, tei: (2) 33- 

FRAUEN: German Women 
Becall die Hurd Reich 

By Alison Owing?. 494 pages. 
S24.95. Rutgers University 
Press. - 

Reviewed by Alan Riding 

S o what did yoc do in tic wax? 
The question is usually aimed 
"* 'at now dderty Gasman men, who 
by dmt of age were almost coiainly 
wearing one of Uttcrt umfaons a 
half-ccmury ago. But what about 
German women? “What was ftar 
role? Did they sympathize with the 
Tbini Reach? How were they af- 
fected by tie war? Above all, m • 
moral terms, were they any better 
than German men? • "■ 

When Alison Owings, a nwance 
television newswrittr, P 1 ?- . 

suit of answers m tie mid- 1 98UL oy - 

her own admission she hoped to. 
ortnrfwte that Goman women were 
indeed less guilty, that by 
they were peaoeinitifflts xatie thm 
warmongers, . Instead she f ound , 
-wesnen who evErjrcatQW,, 
between heroine. md he-.. 
... twees those repp^d by. 

before he seired power m 1«3 
those wto still remember htononal 
Sodalism whh nostalgia- .. 

But that is tie 3tren»h of 


. poiences, TTiey had ® 
St^were hostages « * 

cal system and a war^^fid^ 

ffleo. Unlike many ft** 3 ?- 
bands^ bro&ers, ttay abo^; 
vfved tie wari.But m the. end, them 
memories form no sage “Mjjv. 

What B-dear is that ti e ti« n- 
tipnal destiny of Gennan 

^xLkfr - 

church, kitchen) — was»heredht 
He stressed itiar tiriy. 
to b4r lots of Anran 
thf? rewarded tiosewfaotid 

37-32-32. Continulng/T o March 
27; “Recent and Contemporary 
Czech Pajhtfng From the State Gal- 
leries’ Collections. ” Focuses on 
Czech painting from lha 1 960s im to 
the present riey. 


Louisiana Museum crf Modem Art, 
tet (42) 19-07-19, open dally. Co n- 
tinulng/To March 6: "Claude Monet 
Works from 1880 to i928.“.Fecmires 
lata flgwetive printings of tile garden 
and Japanese bridge at Ghwmy, as 
wen as Japanese woodcuts, an Im- 
portant source oUrtspi ration tor Mo- 
net. - . . 

nuwee """ 


. Mustie de Grenoble, tel: 76-63-44- 
44-, closed Tuesttays. Inaugurated on 
Jan. .29, the new museum harbors a 
collection of Egyptian, Greek and Ro- 
man antiquities; works from the Ital- 
ian Renaissance, Including paintings 
by Veronese and Vasar i Tto-ceritu- 
ry RemSsh pajntmgs; Frenr^i works of 
tne 17tfr, 18fft and 19th centuries, 
fodudlDg impressiontei paintings, 
and an extensive collection of 20 th- 
centmyart ranging from Fauvism to 
BaBaoM. .. 

Ptirte,'.' - 

: BtoBbthtique J-tistorique de la VJDe 
de Paris, tel: 44-69-29-70, dosed 
Sundays: Continuing /To ^Feb. 27: 
)(Baoaelafre/Parts? f Drawings, 
pejrrfings arid mariiBCripts, as vvefas 
photographs and daguerreotypes, B- 
fustrate the Ife of the 19th-cenhsy 
Pool- ,-f- r •• "■ : : . • 
Cerrfret^eorgMPompidou, Iet44- 
^&-T2t®3. dosed Tuesdays^ To 
^jfca Dsmon Aflekarda SH-- 
ptffal n ge ^ nd- drawings. 20 
sketches on paper for the windows of 
e (Swroh In Rebm, as wSH as 5 pelnt- 
■ tegs by the artist’s husband, Arped 
Szenes, were accepted. by the 
French government as payment of 
.estate tmtas and become part of the - 
permanent collection of the Musee 
national, cf art modeme. 

Grand Pofaie, tel: "44-1 3-1 7-30. 
dosed Tuesdays. Reopenfog/T o 
Feb. 28j“L'Ame eu Corps; Arts et 
Sctencas'T 733-1 993.” Focuses on 
the Interaction between arts and sci- 
ence since the- 18 th cerrtuty, with 
wax models, and mummiftoa limbs, 
83 well as works by Courbet, Daumier 
end Degas, who developed an inter- 
est tor the new pseudo-sciences of 
the 1 9th century, such to phrenology 
and physiognomy. 

Mustie Camavafet, teff 42-72-21-13, 
dosed Mondays. To April 3: “Ead- 
weard Muybridge et te Panorama 
PhotogrBphique de San Frandsoo." 
Photcgraphs taken In 1877 from 

‘Villa Falconieri >” a 1892 photograph by Charles A. Platt, in a New York show. 

Mark Hopkins's residence, the high- 
^eslpointip San Francisco, forming a 
36G-degree panorama ofthecity, the 
bay end the harbor. Panoramas by 
other 19ttvcentury artists, inducting 
Charles Weed, Georges Far don and 
Carlton Wtitkfns are also exhibited. 
Mustie des Arts Dticoratifs, tel; 42- 
BO-32-1 4. closed Tuesdays. Contin- 
uing /To April 30: “La Faience de 
DeHL" 200 tirvgtazed earthenware 
pieces manufactured In the Dutch 
city of Delft tn toe 18th century. 
Mustie 4u Louvre (tel: 
4020.50.50). Continuing Ho April 
1ft "Egyptomanla: L’Egypte dans 
I'Art Occidental 1750>1930.” Egypt 
as a source of Inspiration In all artaic 



Internationale Rlmfestsplele, tel: 
(030) »4-89-176. Fab. 10 to 21. 
the 44th Benin Film Festival includes 
Such categories as Internationa! Fo- 
rum of Young Cinema, Panorama 
and Retrospective. . 

| • Andrew Wheetatrft, author of 

The Ottomans” and lecturer at the 
Uriva a ty of Sibling in Scotland, 
-is rea£og The. Imperial Harem” 
i by Lesbc Peirce. , . " 


viaon of wtot wmnan rfid, and the 
Ottoman Empire, It shows woman 
as having powet, not being power- 
less. Even the sultatt was under the 
[ command erf Ms mother. It is a 
i pleasure to read." . 
i (Kenneth N. QAcier, JHT): 

so. But wrteoen were discouraged 
from entering' the professoos and ; 

r ed. almost no rate in political ‘ 
Only as the war advanced were 
they forced to work isJactories and 
iterated into ibe army. 

. . The variable is bow they re- 
sponded. Margarete Fischer, tbe 
wffcot a pKBmoentMstcrian living 
in Hainbnig, krfd'Omngs that she 
fitted Hitter's femnrine ideal — 
Tdoai^ wdth bedds, and tali' and 
dim and tivdrf' rr- ead she was 
qj trimrg d wbai she met thc FDbrcr . 
in- 193S. But fry 1938, she said, she 
had turned da the Nazis; although 
T don't jeafly know.why." WSHid-. 
nHne Hafedtenp, who bves outside 
Aachen, fiftdd a different Nazi ido- 
al astbemotbcT of lOcbfldrca. Yet 
white she was married to a party 
member, she refused to say Hal 
Hitter" awf Wflld feedprisonas erf 
war doing forced labor near her 
■home. • ' ; ^ 

Marianne Karismbcn's war. sto- 
ry had kn'ctriumphhig pvwprgo- 
djeeami taror.BOTn.into wproe-. 
nerons family . in fhe Rohr, she fell 
m love with Peter Kartsrnhep, who 
was haM-JewiA, oh a:stadoit ho&- 
day in 1938. Her fannly objected, 
but she pcssistetL even fouowing ’ 
him.to_ 0 cctqned Norway, wherehe 
fcxnrd a job.Ljrierfre wa?frfl«sted 
and-sott to a canccttizatym qtmp; 

fre^^ Britidi lioops, and- they 

Staatsoper Unter den Linden, tel: 
(30) 203-544-94. Gluck’s M AI- 
ceste.” Directed by Achsn Freyer, 
conducted by Thomas Hengslbrot*, 
with Vinson Cole, Anna Catarina An- 
tonaccl, Philippe Rouilioo. Feb. 9 and 


'Staatgaterie, tel: (711) 212-4101, 
closed Mondays. Continuing/To 
Feb. 20. "Henri Matisse: Zeichnun- 
gen und Gouaches Decoupties." 
Drawings and cutouts. 


Von der Heydt-Museum, tel: (202) 
563-6231 . dosed Mondays. Contirv- 
uingAo March 20: "Vbn Cranach 
bis Monet" Masterpieces from the 
Bucharest National Art Museum, In- 
cluding works by Lucas Cranach. 
Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Ru- 
bens. Van Dyck, Tintoretto, Murillo 
and El Greco. 



The Israel Museum, tel: (2) 706- 
811. open daily. To Feb. 15: “Ar- 

mando Testa.” Posters and television 
commercials by the Italian graphic 



Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, tel: 
(1 1 1 958-7256, closed Mondays. To 
April 30: “Kfitth Haring.” 150 paint- 
ings, drawings, sculptures and ob- 
jects by the American anist who died 
in 1990 at age 31 . The exhibition will 
travel to Malmo, Sweden, Hamburg 
and Tel Aviv. 


Museo Correr, lei: (41 ) 52-06-2B8. 
Continuing /To April 4; "Pietro 
Longhf." 50 paintings. 35 drawings 
and 14 prims by the 18th-century 
Venetian painter lamous for his ironi- 
cal description of Venetian life and 



Prafactural Museum, tel: 0742-23- 
3968, dosed Mondays. To Feb. 17: 
'■ Fernand Lager." 120 works by the 

were reunited and married. And in 
the eod, Peter was embraced fry ber 

ln> many interviews, Owings 
pressed tbe women about what — 
and when — they learned about 
Nazi persecution of Jews. And here 
: again thccxperieoces varied: Some 
raid they knew no Jews, some felt 

By Alan Tiuscort 

A GREAT figure m tbe early 
. days of the game was Sidney 
Lcrtz, who was not only an expert 
player hut also on expert card im- 
giaa a Understandably, he refused 
to pi ay bridge for money, fearing 
somdtody vrotSd flunk te was us- 
ing Ins ^icda^skills. 

A lot of bridge magic was called 
for on the diagramed deal It was 
played in die very early days of die 
game. North-South wandered into 
.a “hopeless 1 ' seven hearts after us- 
ing tue Culbertson Four-Five No- 
Trump convention, now obsolete. 
After a spade lead. South took 
dummy's spade winners, disposing 
Crf bis club losers, and tramped the 
last spade. He then cashed the dub 
ace and the diamond ace, and 
trumped a -dob. Next he cashed 
two diamond winners and trumped 

Jews were too powerful in Germa- 
ny, some hid Jews — known as 
Hausjuden — in their homes, some 
had even beard that Jews were be- 
. ing exterminated. MatHlde Mundt, 
a retired schoolteacher who was 
bam in Leer, near the Dutch bor- 
der, and remembers the Third 
.Reach with emotion, doubted that 
six mflHon Jews were killed. “There 
weren't six million, in Europe," die 
said. “Barely two million. And of 
them, there’s still a long line alive 
today whom we did not kill, no? 2 
kilted none." 

But for so many of the women, 
the war principally meant trying to 
survive. Ema Tietz of East Prussia 
recalled that in 1943, when she al- 
ready felt the war was lost, she was 
recruited by (he military, first to 
operate searchlights seeking out 
Affied aircraft and later to com- 
mand as anti-aircraft gun group. 
Eventually she spent three years as 
a Russian prisoner of war. In con- 
trast, Freya von Moltke of the rural 


village of Kreisau was a member of 
a dissident group called the Krri- 
sauer Circle through her aristocrat- 
ic husband, Helmulh, who was 
eventually arrested and executed 
by the Nazis. 

In their different ways, then, 
each portrait, each interview, pro- 
vides a valuable insight into what 
happened to half the German pop- 
ulation between 1933 and 1945. 
Yet in the end the book seems to 
suggest that Germany’s women re- 
acted little differently from its men. 
He women faced tbe day-to-day 
consequences of the Third Reich. 
Owings writes in her conclusion, 
“with varying morsels of impu- 
dence or despair, with hesitation or 
hope, or humor, with prejudice, 
with contradictions, with shame, 

with contradictions, with shame, 
with first refusals and second 
thoughts, and with blinders." And 
so probably did most men. 

Aim Riding is chief of the Paris 
bureau of The New York Times. 

his last diamond winner to reach finesse against West’s jack to make 
this ending: his “impossible'' grand slam. 


7 J6 
O — 

• north 
♦ - 
o — 




O — 



* — 

O A 10 9 
O — 

+ - 

Tbe club ten was led from the 
dummy, and the defense suc- 
cumbed to South's magic If Cast 
raffed low. South could oymuff 
Cheaply. If he ruffed high with the 
queen. South could ovenvff and 


♦ AKQ2 

* 10 9 7 9 4 

0 10 7 5 2 
* KQ 


O A 10 9 4 2 
4 A 3 2 

Both sides were vulnerable. Hie 

4 J 10 9 6 
9 J6 

Cubist painter (1881-1955), whose 
man themes, after World war (. be- 
came the working men end industrial 


Museum of Modern Art. tel: (775) 
*3-21 1 i , dosed Mondays. To Feb. 6: 
“Tan Wesseimann: A Retrospective 
Sumey 1959- 1992." 70 works by the 
American pop artist, who established 
himseff through his "Great American 
Nude" senes. 


Fuji Art Museum (tel; 
426.91 .4511). To March 31 : “Napo- 
leon, the Great Hero.” Features Na- 
poleon's dering rise io power though 
paintings Dy such artists as Davia and 
lng r es. sculptures, cratr works, jewel- 
ry. furniture and books. 

National Museum of Western Art 
tel: (3) 3628-51 31 . closed Mondays. 
Continuing/To April 3: "Great 
French Paintings from the Barnes 
CoDecSon." Features works by Re- 
noir, Manet, Seurat, Picasso and Mo- 
digliani, among others. 
Spiral/Wacoal Art Center, tef: (3) 
3498-5605. open daily. To Feb. 20: 
"Of the Human Condition: Hope and 
Despair at the End ot the Century." 
New paintings, sculpture, photogra- 
phy and video examining contempo- 
rary existence at the end of the mil- 



Teatro Nacionai de sao Carlos, tef: 
346-6408. Gluck's "Orfeo ed Euri- 
{fice." Directed by Tito Cetestino da 
Costa, conducted by Harry Christo- 
phers with Michael Chance. Linda 
Kitchen and Catherine Dubose. Feb. 
6, 8 and 10 . 


National Museum, tel: 330-09-71. 
Continuing/To March 13: "Trading 
on the Maritime Silk Ftoutes." Focus- 
es on the importance ot sea routes in 
2.000 years ot commerce between 
China. Southeast Asia, West Asia and 



Centro de Arte Relna Sofia, tel: 
467-50-62, closed Tuesdays. To Feb. 
2t: "Bruce Nauman." Sixty works 
including a selection ol early sculp- 
tures, a corridor installation and sev- 
eral neon sculptures. The exhibition 
will travel to Los Angeles. Washing- 
ton and New York. 

Fundacibn Juan March, tel: 435-42- 
40. To March 20: "Goya, Grabador." 
Goya's 286 etchings, including 
Goya's famous series, "Loe De- 
sastres de la Guerra," about the hor- 
rors of the Napoleonic invasion, and 
"Caprichos." in which the painter at- 
tacks political, sooa) and religious 

Museo del Prado, tel: 420-05-45, 1 
closed Mondays. To Feb. 15: "Goya; 
SCaprichoyialnvendon."Alooka , 
the personal, little-known miniatures, 
cabinet pictures and sketches exe- : 
cuted by the master painter and , 
graphic artist. "Truth and Fantasy" 
best describes the exhibit, since the 
works displayed grapple with such 
subject matter. 



Musee de rAth6n6e, tel: (22) 311- 

61-90, closed Monday mornings. To 
Feb. 22: "Ouelques Artistes 
Susses." Oil paintings, drawings and 
lithographs by Swiss artists including 
works by Maurice Barraud, Gustave 
Buchet and Felix Vailotton. 

Fondation de I'Hermitage, tel. (2t ) 
320-50-01 , closed Mondays. To May 
1: "La Nouveite Vague: L'Estampe 
Japonaise de 1 668 a 1939." From a 
private collection, 160 Japanese 
prints by artists of the Mei|<, Taisho 
and Showa periods (i 868-1 939). 
depicting landscapes as well as pop- 
ular scenes in the tea houses, a? the 
Kabuki theater and in the streets. 

ujjjrjEjjj STATES 

High Museum of Art. tel: ( 404 ) 577- 
6940. closed Sundays. To March 19: 
"Ansel Adams: The Early Years." 77 
photographs, including some ol the 
artist's earliest work at Yosemile and 
tesser-knawn still tries, portraits and 

Lo» Angeles 

Loe Angeles Opera, tel: (213) 365- 
3500. Puccini's "Madama Butterfly," 
directed by Christopher Harlan, con- 
ducted fry RandaJl Berir, with Galina 
Gorchakova and Marcus Haddock. 
Feb. 23. 26, 28 and March 2, 5. 8. 
Museum of Contemporary Arts, tet: 
(213) 626-622 2. closed Mondays. 
To April 3: "Roy Lichtenstein." More 
than 100 paintings and sculptures 

depicting mass-produced American 
cultural icons, including comic stnps, 
advertisemeras and consumer prod- 
ucts, rendered in flat planes and pri- 
mary colors. The exhibition will travel 
to Montreal. 

New York 

The Brooklyn Museum, tel: (718) 
638-5000. To May 1: "Indian Minia- 
tures. 1 ' Exhibition ot approximately 
77 Indian paintings and 15 works on 
paper, it includes works that date 
from the mid-i 5th century to the ©arty 
19th century and are painted on cot- 
ton and paper. 

Metropolitan Museum ot Art, tel: 
(312) 570-3951, closed Mondays. 
To May 1; "Illustrated Poetry aoO 
Epic Images ot the 1330s and 
1340s." illustrated pages from Per- 
sian manuscripts. 

PaineWebber Art Gallery, tai: ( 212) 
713-28B5, closed Saturdays and 
Sundays. To April 1 : "The Italian Gar- 
den Photographs of Charles A. 
Plan." 84 photographs of Italian Re- 
naissance villa gardens taken by 
landscape painter Charles A. Platt 
dunng his 1892 tour of Naly. 


The Corcoran Gallery of Art, tel: 
(202} 638-1439. closed Tuesdays. 
To April 3: “Picturing History: Ameri- 
can Painting. 1770-1930." 90 
scenes of American history by Ameri- 
can artists, including works by Benja- 
min West, John Trumbull, Winslow 
Homer and Thomas Hart Benton. 

38 Million Travelers In 26 Cities 
Turn To WHERE Magazine 
For Directions & Advice 

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The English-language magazine for affluent tourists 
















7 v Para Para 
Weft ted the spade jack. 

Rate the world's best restaurants 
with Patricia Wells. 

The DTPs restaurant critic, has set out 
on a rare and ambitious gastronomic journey, a 
search for the 10 best restaurants in the world. 

She will be rating, in month-to-month 
articles, the top restaurants from region to 
region, and comparing them to one another. 

Whether it's the best in dim sum, 
delicious but secret sushi bars or the finest of 
French tables, she will gjride readers with 
articles about inexpensive restaurants as well 
as the grand ones in the world's major cities. 

She wifi also share her tips on how to select 
^ quality restaurants in unfamiliar territory. 


Patricia Wells is the author of T7ie Pood 
^^Lovcz’s Guide to Peris, now in its 
third edition. 

Page 10 


International Herald inoune, rn«y, * **,,-*; 

The Big Gamble 

=> Finding! Cable a Hard Sell 


Interriafional Herald Tribune World Stock Index ©, composed of 
280 fritemationaBy investable stocks from 25 countries, compiled 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1 , 1 902 - 100. 

120 : : 






00*8:131 .80 Prw.M 32.19 


ioo S 

Approx, wlffttig: 37% - 
Close 11833 Prov- 11938 

By Erik Ipsen 

International Tiered! Tribunt 

LONDON — By the end of ibis century 
Britain wffl either have a communications 

by a regulatory di^te^ 

ly described as the most open m the worm, a 

handful of big companies,, most of them 
American, are pouring billions of P 0 !^ 
into bonding cable networks across Britain. 
Along with telephone traffic, British systems 
are allowed to cany television broadcasts, a 
Odd just opening to American compama. 

. It is that dual capacity that the operators 
-insist makes their investments so attractive. 
Yet this year as a number erf these companies 
mm to the markets to raise moneyto com- 
plete their systems, the doubts overhanging 
"le industry are greater than ever- 
“If you read the risk section of the ’ 

.inn nmnlH iww invesL” acknc 

Hing their sales by offering telephone hook- 
ups as wdL 

Yet for aD its supposed advantages the 
British market is proving a tough sell. 

“Our phone penetration is going better than 
we anticipated, but cable ideviswn less so, 
said Larra Carietoa, president of TefcWest 
International, a compfflw jointly owned by the 
American phone giant US West Inc. and by 
the cable operator Tde-C ornmuni ca n ons lnc. 

nem with 
be able to 

'If yon read the 
risk section oi the 
prospectuses yon 
would never invest.’ 

Alan. Botes, managing 
director of Jones Cable 
Group Ltd. 


North America 

■F . 

S P N D 



Latin America 


CtaSK 147.87 Piw: 14&55 

1* ii V"*- 

companies like Jones Cable 
and Cox Enterprises Inc-’s Cox Cable Com- 
mwni nati ons have made fortunes crffcnng 
television alone. In Britain, for an additional 
investment in hardware andjwtdmg sys- 


tems of 25 percent, operators figure they .can 

even improve on that performance — dou- com. 

“People here are used to paying for phone 
service, not television,” he said. 

Others note that the American cable indus- 
try grew up with advantages that are lacking 
in ftitaiiL “Cable in the US. was helped by 
the fact that television in the U.S. was truly 
awful whereas here we have four fairly good 
channels," sad Richard Ryder, an analyst 
with Salomon Brothers Inc. 

He also pointed out that satellite technol- 
ogy has advanced to the point where rdanve- 
W cheap dishes can now fit comfortably un- 
der the eaves of most houses. _ 

Worse, the local leviathan, British leie- 
has struck back at the cable operators, 

announcing that it will soon ext 
a system that it con lends wil. 
squeeze movies down existing copper wre 
phone lines. BT aims ultimately to offer a 
video-on-demand service nationwide. 

The cable operators sniff at that salvo. Tk 
C able Association’s director-general, Rich- 
ard Woollm calls it “ioo little too late. He 

asserts that the industry has already achieved 
critical pia-w with cables now laid past 3 
million British homes and with that number 
scheduled to more than double in the next 

two years. , 

What is more, specialists pointed out that 
the modern coaxial cable bongbuned bythe 
cable companies across the land have ou.uuu 
times the data-caming capacity of tradition- 
al copper wires. “What is video on demand 
compared with a svstem that can potentially 
offer 500 channels?" Mr. Ryder asks. “This is 

revolutionary.” , 

Even revolutions can be hard to sell, 
though. Mr. Cartoon, for instance, acknowl- 
edges that his company was on the brink or 
putting out of the British market before the 
law was changed in 1991 to allow cable com- 
panies to augment their offerings — ana 
earnings — vmh plain old telephone service. 

By all accounts the promised information 
revolution of cable - of householders not 
only bang able to recave 500 channels but 
also to shop, play games and even have their 
heart monitored over their own personal ac- 
cess road to the vast new information high- 
way was a financial nonstarter. 

,3 When the law changed we went from 
viewing this market as an interesting labora- 

See CABLE, Page 13 

Audi Chairman 

Appears to Be 

On the Way Out 

l_ — 

Bundesbank Dashes Hopes of Rate Cut 

_ . _ h*rf heen dis- the Bundesbank’s announcement. 

ThaJndex tracks US. dbfcr values of slocks h-Tofcyo, Mew TwK. ! 

Friw*. oanuarnr.. Hona Ko ofl. Mkand I 

SS top Issues m terms of maria* captstokm. 
Otranto them top stocks an hacked 

Industrial Sectors 


FRANKFURT — The Bundes- 
bank, apparently worried by surg- 
ing money supply, left official in- 
terest rates unchanged on 
Thursday and other major Europe- 
an countries also put their mone- 

The.. Ptm. 

Unl . .Fwfc 

EOT HMO C8pM9ood* 116.18 Itt* ^ 

MSfin 127,64 131J0 ja.’.—* 11 * 

12147 124.77 -1.04 

-iwna UMlft totoesQuo* 1Q2 J5 RBfB jj7 

S wvta» 12838 129-34^4 •ettotoe - 141.78 

afflSsasSiiaSKaSB %iss^_ 

OWwwIkml HoroMTrtoww 

tary policy on 

Some economists predicted, 
however, that the central bank 
would cut rates soon. 

■ At a meeting of its poBcymaking 

council, the bank left its discount 
and Lombard lending rates un- 
changed, at 5.75 and 6.75 percent 
respectively, the levels that have 
prevailed since Oct 22. The rates 

set an effective floor and ceiling for 
the German money markets. 

The announcement came only' 
three horns after a report that the 
key German M-3 money supply ag- 
gregate had climbed by 8.1 percent 
in December. That was thebifficst 
increase since December 1992, when 
M-3 expanded 8.7 percent, and 
again ovoshot the Bundesbank s 
target of 4-5 to 6.5 percent for 1993. 

“Money supply was a factor," in 
the decision to hold the tine on 
rates, said Ulrich Beckmann, a se- 
nior analyst at Deutsche Bank Re- 
search in Frankfurt. 

But ec onom ists took heart from a 
s tpranent by the bank that the De- 

cember money data had been dis- 
torted by special factors which bad 
frtt ti partially reversed in January. 

“I really think that something 
will come in two weeks time," said 
Wen Rust, a monetary analyst at 
Westdeotsche Landesbank in DOs- 
seldorf. . , , . 

Mr. Beckmann said that by then 
a labor agreement may have been 
reached in the German metalwork- 
ing industry. Many economists are 
expecting a settlement that would 
include raises of about 2 percent. 
Such a deal would help to open the 
way for a rate cul . ... 

Switzerland and Austria held 
their interest rates steady following 

and France’s important interven- 
tion rate was held at 6.2( 

6.20 percent. 

A monetary source in Rome said 
Italy would wait for a general re- 
duction in interest rates before eas- 
ing policy, and Lisbon dealers said 
the news from Frankfurt dimmed 
hopes of a cul in Portuguese rates. 

Despite optimism on German se- 
curities markets that rates would be 

cut at the Bundesbank's next meet- 
ing on Feb. 17. investors dumped 
stocks and bonds. 

The yield on the 10-year Goman 
government bond rose to 5.75 per- 
cent from 5.72. 

By Brandon Mitchener 

Inienunioeal Herald Tribune 
FRANKFURT — Franz-Joref 
KortOm, who last week reported a 
precipitous drop in sales and the 
certainty of a loss at the German 
automaker Audi AG. wfl probably 
resign as chairman Friday at an 
emergency meeting of the supervi- 
sory board, company sources said. 

It appeared that Mr. KortOm, 43, 
who had held the office for just 13 
months, would become the latest 
executive in the automotive empire 
of Volkswagen AG to leave in a 
cloud of controversy. 

He is to be replaced by Herbert 
Dead, a 40-yeai-old engineer who 
heads Audi's technical develop- 
ment activities, according to a re- 
port to be published in the March 
issue of the German publication 
Manager Magazrn. A summary of 
the magazine article was circulated 
to media Thursday. 

Mr. KortOm did not go to work 
Thursday. Officially, both VW and 
Audi refused to confirm that he 
had been forced to quit because of 
the company’s poor performance 
in 1993. Sales of Audi automobiles 
plummeted 26 percent last year, to 
around 472,000 units, and the com- 
pany swung to a pretax loss of more 
San 100 mfflion Deutsche marks 
(S57.8 million) from a profit erf 508 
million DM the year before. 

Mr. Kortftm’s resignation would 
reflect the increasing desperation 
of Ferdinand PiSch, the Volks- 
wagen chair man, who has been at 
lhe center of managerial and finan- 
cial difficulties ever since be took 
over VW in Januaiy 1993. 

Mr. Piech a member of the 
Porsche family who was chairman 
or Audi before Mr- Kwtto*JT 
cently dismissed the head of VW’s 
Spanish subsidiary. SEAT SA. af- 
ter the company's loss for 1.93 
mounted to 123 billion pesetas 
(5874.8 million), 10 times lhe short- 
fall VW expected. 

Mr. PiSch has fired at least six 
members of the VW management 
board since he became chairman, 
leading many analysts to speculate 
that he was dismissing subordi- 

nates to divert attention from his 
own failings as a manager. ^ 

The magazine said Andi s poor 
1993 performance was partially a 
result of the fact that the company 
produced too many cars the year 

The only unit in the VW empire 
pairing a profit is Skoda, the Czech 
car maker it bought in 1991. t > 
Overall VW, which is Europe s 
largest automaker, had a loss of 2J 
billion DM last year as a result of 
weak demand ana a strong revalua- 
tion of the German currency. 

Independent auditors are still es- 
tablishing the exact size of Audi s 
loss in 1993, but Mr. KortOm sad 
last November that it would be 
more than 100 million DM and last 
week reiterated that estimate. 

It will be the first loss at Audi in 

15 years. , . . 

Mr. KortOm has conceded that a 
restructuring at the In golstad t* 
b awl ammmaker has been proceed- 
ing slower than Volkswagen expect- 
ed. Bui he also sought to offset 
financial difficulties with a senes of 
announcements on new products 
and business strategies designed to 
put the company back on trade. 

It was Mr. PiSch who famed Mr. 
KortOm, a marketing expert, from 
Daimler-Benz AG. 

Mr. Piech was chosen to tod 
VW because or his reputation for 
gening thing s done and his stand- 
ing as one of Germany’s most re- 
spected engineers. 

But Mr. Piech has been distract- 
ed from VWs financial perfor- 
mance by the legal tangle involving 
josi Lopez de Arriortua, a former 
General Motors Corp. executive 
who became VWs purchasing and 
production manager last sprint 
VW has lost market share in Eu- 


rope and North America and has 

taicm a series of dramatic steps to 
cut production and costs in its Ger- 
man plants, including the introduc- 
tion of a four-day week and 20 
percent cul in pay for the compa- 
ny’s 100,000 workers in Germany. 

Audi recently announced it 
would cut work and pay for its 
workers in Ingolstadt by 10 percent 
in order to save 3,000 jobs. 

Westmghouse’s 1 lard Choice 

dujnnirii the future earning power of the corpora- 

ABB Admits Failures, Vows to Improve 

. . . _n.iw r<nWl in nnv lendine would have to be dra 

By John Hohisha 

Hew Yack Times Service ■ _ 


1-hairrram of Westn^bouse BctacCoro,^ 
broadcasting division, one of the. company’s crown 


Mr. Fuller said Mr. Jordan’s recovery plan was 
bidy to increase earnings and, perhaps, j^ad toa 
higher dividend by 1996. Invwtms, he said, “have 

urn* to take an easy out was an indication off a 

more subtle strategy. “Hemnst have saowthmg^ 
mind for broadcasting that he <fid ^ 
Mr.htonks said. ’‘So I'm waiting for the others shoe 

to M?Monks noted that when Mr. Jordan was 
«wt selling a minority interest mbroaocast- 

ln December, Mr. Saio asked the 
bank's 52 members to double its 
capital to about S46 billion, in the 


vowed a major shake-up jjicrease its contributions unless 

Compiled by On Sufi From Dapattka 

MANILA — The Asian Devd- 
Qt Bank admitted Thursday 

• —• _ ■ a_ War 

shown poor results or failed to pro- lending would have to be 
SSKetheredpientcouldnoi ly cut starting m 1995. off.aals 
property administer the develop- have warned. ..«,w 

major shako-up 

n-rfnrmnnc* tO UUWW13C 

^e^tfT^^iudi concerned the bank improve its perfotm^e. 

SSTprojM^ said TZmo report on probl em in ^ 

rmmmes. Its biggest stock- recommended by the report- 
gS&SfaS the uS States, For some counoira. that <^d 
j^fSany and France. nuan chopping prqiects that have 

meat program. 

“We might have been loo pater- 
nalistic to the individual member 
countries,” Mr. Sato said. “We took 
care of everything In a sense, we 
might have been spoiling them like 

Mr. Sato said the report had gone 
a long way toward dealing with 
quality concerns and he believed ne 
could get agreement oo the capita 
increase before this year's annual 
u nyring in Nice, France, in May. 

’without the rise in capital which 
x borrowin 

is used to guarantee 



Annual lending grew to 55.3 bil- 
lion in 1993 from SI .7 billion m 

1981. . JV . . 

A bank source said livestock and 
fisheries projects were among the 
big failures, while traditional, big- 
ticket public-works projects were 
often successful. 

In part this reflects the changing 
emphasis of the bank, which has 
begun to move away from power 
stations and highway projects to- 
ward smaller, community-based 
prqccts that are more difficult to 

pH minis ter. (Reuters, AP) 

Should the chairman, 
Michael H. Jordan, sell the 
broadcast division? 

General Motors Chief Says lhe Worst Is Over 

■ ... ..k.ta.n.hahBrcvrtw- yeD, which lus sewely hurt Japa. “ 

nese car sales. 

By Warren Brown 

and Frank aWDDoaa of ^ 0T us corporations. “Autos became the locomotive 

Workington Pat Seme* Directors at such wiporategi- forl be economy m the fourth quar- I» in 

WASHINGTON — Thereare ants as International Busm^s Ma- ^ he said. He addrf the trend {JgJ away 

ptotyofprobltmsalGena^Mo- ch^ Corp. WOTgraseH^ ^ contmumg uio 1994. ^^SJrpSiSSSes.An- 

tmsCnro_ but die wav Jack Smith, trie Com. and Amencan express _ . hienesi chanecs at GM 

tj pw»< a sbakeup that has reverber- 
ated through the lop management 
of major UJS. corporations. 

Hmmak at Ciir-h mmol 

as costly and inefficient, a throw- 
back id the days before the on- 
slaught of imports. 

t price 

-jdvaa say.the broadewting — ? 


term problem, raid 


which K a good 

NatWest Securities. “Tbe eammgs ot ure cwmea- 


th^ d»uld be tm to double digits in 1994, he 

said. “Why not idl for the 1995 numbaST 
Mr. Heymann said bt thought Mr. Jordan was 
*-““g a cartful game of lowering expectations so 

5d more easily meet or beat them. 

: way Jack Smith, 
, sees it, his job is 

uuura p _ 

trie Corp. and Amencan Express 
Co. have since replaced then- chief 

£ coum more casuy iw« u*. uw 

ait is ttet he wanted to put a floor under 

titinas,” Mb- Heymann said. “But he newer quanti- 

joann saw.- ub 



sis stodc by & fo* y***' 

way to travel, 

two years agp to return the worlds 
largest manufacturing corporation 
to profitability. 

Mr. Smith acknowledged he had 

urai luca-ui 

tbe culture ^ — ~ 

profitable company with pubhc 
criticism of its top officers and the 
appointment of tneir own man. 

Since then, Mr. Smith said, GM 
ienced “a 510 billion tum- 
our cost structure" and 

— • ~~ SZ7~T ntn \qm the early 1980s, stripped away 

was continuing m lo 1994. 0 f their pans businesses. An- 

But tbe biggest changes at GM 
have come at its own unuative — See GM, Page 

massive job cuts and major plant 
dosings a five-year plan that 

o iju aaim- ic iiict oKmit nn 

U.S. Doubtful 
On Auto Pact 

Agence Fnmce-Presse 

United States said Thursday 
that automobile trade talks 
with Japan were stalled and it 
appeared highly unlikely that 
agreement could be reached by 
Feb. 11, when President BiQ 
Clinton is to meet with Prime 
Minister Morihiro Hosokawa. 

“There is a huge gap between 
is.” said 

our positions." said Jeffrey 
Garten, the undersecretary of 
commerce who is the chief UB. 
automobile trade negotiator 
with Japan. Concluding an 
agreement by the time of^the 
summit meeting would be “ex- 
tremely difficult.” be told a 
Senate subcommittee on gov- 
ernment management 
Washington may hare to 

consider alternatives if no 
agreement is reached by then, 
Mr. Garten said. Despite 
months of negotiations, the two 
sides “do not seem to tore 
even a common understanding 
of the problem, let alone con- 
sensus on the solution." be said. 

auarnga — “ — 

Mr. Smith says is just about on 
track. He said that even GM*s ver- 
tical integration — manufacturing 
of its own parts rather than buying 
them from outside suppliers —was 
working to its benefit despite out- 
ride criticism. 

Industry analysts for years tore 
attacked GM^ vertical integration 


y* l. . 

— ■ 0.1 11, 

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A $ 250,000 Penally 
For Goldman Sadis 

Feb. 3 












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Zurich 385X0 

London 384X0 

Now York Taum 

ILS, UoHort per ounce, tonoanwriw^- 
kmZurkhomtNew Yarkapoto ontl- ctoa- 
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Dividend Notice 

Blocmbcrg Business News 

man, Sachs & Co. agreed 
Thursday to pay a $250,000 fine 
to settle Securities and Ex- 
change Commission charges 
that tbe firm improperly re- 
corded certain U S. treasury se- 
curities trades. 

Goldman realized tax losses 
at the end of 1985 without actu- 
ally incurring any market risk, 

the SEC charged- sauiuw*«< 

Without admitting or deny- ^ to make it appear Goldman 
inn guilt, the firm speed to pay posted losses as much as 536.6 

reCO ™ fiitiin* vin- 

fafled to properly record cus- 
tomer orders. . 

In a written statement from to 
management cfflnw w 
man said it fuDy cooperated with 

the SEC in its investigation. 

The SEC alleged the firm Ole- 
eaDy prearranged the purchase 
ind sale of^ Treasury secuntto to 
realize tax losses at the end of 
1985 without actually meaning 
any market risk. Tbe purchases 
and sales were arranged with in- 
stitutional customers and bro- 


agree not to commit future vio- 
lations of a similar nature. No 
executives of the firm were 
named in the complaint. 

The SEC complaint alleged 
that Goldman failed to proper- 
ly supervise its failed to ret up 
adequate rules for us staff, and 

SEC charged 

Goldman helped Salomon 
Brothers lnc. carry out a similar 
tax strategy. . 

Salomon settled its own 
charges with the SEC rdatedw 
the bond scandal in May J992 
when it agreed to pay a 5290 
million fine. 

International Convertible 
Growth Fund 

Fonds Cotnmun de Placement 
1 1 . rue Aldringen. Luxembourg 

A dividend of USD 0.70 per unit has been dolared l»yabk 
on or riter February 15. 1994. to imhhokten on record on Febru- 

for pric^ of 

the Fund’s shares. 

Europe Value Fund 

ponds Commun de Placement 
1 1, nje Aldringen. Luxembourg 

A dividend of USD 0.50 per unit tas been 
on or after February 15, 1994. to unitholdeisor irecoid on Febru- 

the Fund's shares. 

Wells Fargo U.S. IT Fund 

Fonds Commun dc Placement 
1 1 . rue Aldringen. Luxembourg 

A dividend of USD 0.80 per unit A and USD 1-00 per 

unit B has been declared payable on or after February 15, 1994. 

to unitholders on record on January 31. 1994. against surrender 

tES&M also be ex-dividend date for the pricing of 
die Fund’s shares. 

Paying Agent 

Kredietbank S.A. Luxembourgeoise 
43, boulevard Royal. L-2955 Luxembourg 

The Board of Directors of 

belair management COMPANY S.A. 


Page 12 




Interest Rate Moves 

Vie Aaiociaiaii fan 

Dow Jones Averages 


Ohm IW Lh LM Ch. 

Drag Stocks Lower 

Compiled bp Our Staff From Dispatches drove the benchmark 30-year Trea- 

NEW YORK — Concerns that suiy bond down 9/32, to 99 9/32, 
the Federal Reserve Board may in Iaie tradm* with the yreki men- 

H.- 1V • .-.r. 

Mm 390*3 WSJ 4 W8J3 V&M -3J* 
Trans 1S63J4 1*6139 1841.99 1BS2J4 — 9.« 
Urn 22832 JOB ZBS 23823 -Mil 
Cms 1-44US 1-446*1 143134 1X4137 _LB4| 

Hi gh UW Pret.ChMW 



Standard & Poor’s indexes 

raise 115. interest rates for the Fust ing up to 630 percent from 628 

time in nearly Five years pressured P®** 0 *- . . . ... 

rtock and bund prices on Thursday. , n W«h™* .wtoh 


The Dow Jones industrial aver- JJ* to MK, I^P* 1 J*K t"® 
aged closed down 7.88 points, at *** Dow, with the stock hit by a 

AVVka "■ Sr.: a/.i 






5P l» 

Moil Low CM COM 
56QS9 SSZ31 56000 — 0_W 
4S3JB 445J81 4*099—401 
17056 169.17 10*1 -MS 
4429 *&U 4SJ6 — 049 
46100 <7871 48071 —179 
<4447 44U8 4*579—561 

NYSE litden 

V/toi#. 1 1 

MM Lew Lent CM. 

ww HUMI uunu i.m , . ... ■ > 

weak eaming s projection from the 

N-Y. Stocks rc RJR 1 Nabisco led the New York 

3,967.66, with losers outnumbering Stock E»±aiffi ^most-active lift 






26777 76419 767.16 —063 
377.94 32434 327*2 —0.11 
285*8 782*0 253*2 —1-51 
H8 M 227X0 227*7 -472 
224.10 222*8 222*7 — 1 JO 

gainers on the New York Stock 
Exchange by a 3-io-2 ratio. 
Trading continued the brisk pace 
seen in recent days. 

Market focus has been keyed on 
interest rates since Monday, when 
the chairman of the Federal Re- 
serve Board. Alan Greenspan, said 
the central bank was inclined to lift 
short-term interest rates before in- 
flationary threats developed. 

The Federal Open Market Com- 
miuee met in Washington on Thurs- 
day, fueling speculation the Fed 
would push up interest rates on Fri- 
day after the key employment fig- 
ures Tor January are released. 

The Fed's failure to act during its 
customary intervention time on 
Thursday despite a firm federal 
funds rate also kindled rate con- 
cerns. Although the Fed’s inaction 
may have been technical in nature, 
some analysts said it increased the 
probability of a tightening move. 

The possibility of a Fed move 

gaming % to 7ft. The company said 
it knew of no reason for the unusual- 
ly active trade. Philip Morris also 
rose, gaming % to 60Vk 

Wal-Mart Stores rose W to 28 
after having its investment rating 
raised by Kidder Peabody. Wal- 
Mart was among the national 
chains reporting January sales. In- 
dustrywide, sales were poor largely 
because of severe weather and the 
California earthquake. 

Conspicuous losers i n cluded Ven- 
triiex, which tumbled 4 to 3516 in 
heavy over-the-counter trading. 
Hambrecht & Quist slashed the 
stock to “underperform” from 
“buy" citing competitive pressures 
on the medical supply company. 

Maytag fell 214 to 1 7ft on the 
New York Stock Exchange after 
reporting earnings of 16 cents a 
snare in its fourth quarter, up from 
11 cents a year before bat below 

( Knight- Ridder, Bloomberg, AP) 

NASDAQ Indexes 

V>S-'o n" o : 'j; r 
■ tflasr -v.-'i' taw- 

MM Low Low CM 





NYSE Most Actives 

798*3 795*7 797*8 -129 
83411 832*8 83461 —117 
703*7 7HL87 703*4 +024 
W431 935*4 940*1 —027 
901.10 099 JS 90013 —1*6 
795*6 789*4 79226 —4*1 
15186 18220 18226 —126 


s S3 SSI % & B S 

JaP 876 87? «g S3 El SS 

5& NT. 894 TOO 88? W2 893 

Est. volume: "*»■ 

MriaSifc twW» •* 5 *“• 

KS tfl HI 13 BBSS 13 

sT i ; g !:I3 lilts K§ if 

k a Us at: at: & as 

££ 1,164 L167 9LT- NX NX 1.153 

Ei). volume: oa 

him low ewae 


Denars per metric luu-tets of * teas 
^ 377*0 301*0 301*0 UnCtV 

£ Z 302.71} 298ffif visa Visa + 2*0 

» Mar 30450 moo ms + zoo 

fszfio 283*0 286*0 287*0 + 1*0 
IW NT. NX 2B.5B 286*0 + 1*0 
NX N.T. 284*0 28400 + ZOO 
Esl. volume: 1244 Open W* 13221. 

HhA Low Last Settle CJrtw 

uj. Mian mtimMc mV* vf «8 too* 

PM 155.00 15475 15225 15225 +1*0 

Mar 154JS 15L0B T5Z75 152JS +2J5 

Aar 152*0 149*0 150*0 150*0 +U3 

May 15025 14725 148*0 147J5 +029 

JOB 149-75 14475 147 JO 14725 +0J5 

Jal 15023 49*0 149*0 14J0 UntfL 

AH 15225 15L2S 15125 150.75 +025 

SOP 1542S 15450 153JD 153*0- +0JS 

I Ocf 15425 5425 15425 15425 +125 

! ho* uaoo 60*a iwxou 159*0 +uo 

he 162*0 62*0 142*0 161*0 +125 

Jtel 161*0 41*0 161*0 161*0 +125 

Est.veiuirw: 29.588. Upon w. 171*69 

! BRENT CRUDE OIL (IPfl) _ ; . 

US. domrj atr BCBT6H0M 011*60 banoH 
Mar 15.13 14*5 M4B U*8 — 0.10 

Apr 14*9 1444 14*8 1447 —0.17 

MOV 14*7 1447 1*47 1447 —0.14 

Jan 15*0 1440 1*40 1440 — 021 

Jill li.11 14*6 1446 14*4 —£24 

Ah 1523 1427 14.97 M-W -027 

S«P 1536 5.14 15.16 1*98 — 0231 

Oct N.T. N.T. JLT. 15.12 —023 

TV Group Plans New Ratings System^ 


era md other ttteviaoQ compamfis Wild be nnatea to 

tdevisOT moos s^oa^ m 

ideviaon meters and prqgram-cofling o?w 3 l soW MSed cm 

ataMed kKi rf 

audience measureffieot, an - NBC exeoitive saiu 
moving to a new system. 

4)1 " 

fellin' 0 * a i 

i-aP ri> 1 

Cold Snap Weakens U.S. Store Safes 

. ■ TIT. „ anri the Calif on 

MOV 0*1 0*1 15*1 1523 —023 

ESL volume: 45547. OpanhiL 155316 '. 


profiB^liniitea by rdative unimportence of the monthsitsul 
the annual retailing buaness. _ s mer- 

Stock Indexes 


VoL Htoh 




97273 Bft 



+ ft 




4*685 75H 


ADM 43ft 






30014 19ft 




25283 43ft 

47 ft 







23004 23 


AMEX Most Actives 

AMEX Stock Index 

Mall Low Lott CM 
*8796 48511 487,17 — CL7J 

Oom Prev 

aid ask am 
boilers per nwlrteMa - 

Spot 128400 128450 1257*0 

Forward 1*050 1302*0 im00 
Dollars pot metrfeton _ „ 

Spat 1894*0 1896*0 1911*0 

toward 1917*0 1918*0 1934*0 

B5" p '“«sr » 2 **« 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 

20 Bands 
10 u mines 
10 Industrials 

Ctese qth 

10621 —All 

10329 —0*1 

107.14 —028 

HIM Lew Ctese cfcaae* 

125 per Index pan . 

Mar 3543* 3483* 3494* —36* 

Jua 35350 3526* 3509* —355 

Sen N.T. N.T. xar-Ji —36* 

EsL volume: 20*47. Open Int: 73*51. 

Sources: Routers* Motif. Aseactahd Aw 
Lon don Inly F teaneKrf F irfurrj exchange. 
Inti Petroleum EnJdtmoc. 

me antmfli retanmg ouanesa. . . • , - 

Stores-geMraDynse January to dear out wmtCT^CtortmasnKi 

ch^^i^pr^re for spring, so the weak sales reported by major UA - 

uiu suuw auu,«as,»au« uyvu— .v— : , , _ J. .r — 

earthquake, meanwhile, danwged or destnqied hundreds of stores. 

B orword 

5117*0 500*0 506*0 

519*0 520*0 519*0 

Spot CemmodfUee 

Net Loss for Continental Airlines 

■ HOUSTON (AP) — Continental Airiinra Inc. sdd Thm^ it 
4263 million in fte fourth quarter, nearly double the $13.9 mdhon the 

Market Seles 

Fear of the Fed Pushes 
Dollar Up Against Mark 











+ Vi, 






Hon wIB 







5072 37ft 


























- ft 





♦ ft 

US Cell 


28 ft 



♦ Vi 


2413 4IVb 








+ ft 






♦ ft 












♦ ft 

NYSE 4 tun. volume 
NYSE urn. eons, dose 
Amex 4 am. volume 
a me* prev. com. dose 
Nasdaq 4 pm. volume 

NASDAQ prev. 4 nun. volume 
NYSE volume no 
NYSE volume down 
NASDAQ volume IIP 
NASDAQ volume down 

Dollars per mgneteo 

Spot 5980JM3 5990*0 5920*0 

Forirord 6045*0 6050*0 5985*0 

Dolton per medic tap 
Spot S4HL00 5495*0 5395*0 . 

Forwvd 5540358 S545*0 5445*0 

ZINC (Special HU Grade) 

gr wn, a hm 1 ..M 1007*0 

Forward 1032*0 1033*0 1820*0 

Commodttv Today 0*73 

Colfee> BraZu to &M5 

Cocaer etadni lytic. M 1*16 
Iran FOB. ton 212*0 

Lead. ID 0-34 

Silver, nay a 5255 

Steel (serap)rlan uax; 

Tin. 1b 16109 

Zinc, lb 04686 

cankarlost in the comparable year-ago period. ■ . . 

But the country’s fif th-Iaigest carrier, winch emerged from 
protection in April, said fonrtlHwarter opantmg awme.-tofitied 1^5 
mniirai , coc^red with an operating loss of $43.6 nriffion m the fourth 
quarter of 1992. 

Continental said the operating income data were evrdeiKK it, was 
making progress. Revenue for the most recent quarter was $1 J7 button, 
up from $134 billion in 1992. 


N.Y.S.E. Odd-Loft Trading 

HIM Low Ctese Omihn 

8500*08 -pis Of MO pd 

Per Amt 

ITT Posts Profit But Expert* Claims 

imtr unnir ml i \ vrr r 1 — . .siJ .ThnrulMr it rVKti 

EuraNevodo Minins 

3-15 3-30 
3-15 HO 

Buy Sales SJwrr 
Feh. 3 1*24*00 1*65724 24*44 

FA 1 982.105 1/?2*01 30J74 

Jan. 31 !*7U16 1*89*57 <8*53 

Jon. a 1JKJ5JN7 1*61287 40L861 

Jon. 27 1*50*11 1*74*97 51,157 

NYSE Diary 

SAP lOO Indox Options 










— OJH 














— CUM 










— 804 





— 004 










Price RA Mar «sr 


Feb Mar Mr Mir 

Bloomberg Businas New 
NEW YORK — The dollar rase 
Thursday against the Deutsche 
mark and other currencies amid 
speculation that the Federal Re- 
serve Board might raise interest 
rates soon. 

The dollar’s rise against the yen 
was restrained, however, when the 

Foreign Exchange 

members of Japan's coalition gov- 
ernment failed to agree on tax cats. 

Many traders bought dollars 
Thursday morning after the Fed 
unexpectedly failed to add reserves 
to the U.S. banking system to drive 
the federal funds rate down from 3 
1/16 percent. The funds rate is 
what banks charge each other for 
overnight loans. Analysis had ex- 
pected the Fed to keep the rate at 3 

“More people are looking far a 
rate increase after today,” said Dear 
□is Pettit, foreign-exchange manag- 
er in New Yak fa Long-Term 
Credit Bank of Japan. Currency 
traders kept a dose eye on the fed 
funds rate Thursday because the 
Fed’s Open Market Committee was 
meeting in Washington to set mone- 
tary policy for the next six weeks. 

Speculation about a rate increase 
heated up Monday when the cen- 
tral hank chairman, Alan Green- 
Span, said rates would rise “at some 
point” as the economy expanded. 

The dollar dosed Thursday at 
1.7413 DM, np from 1.7334 DM on 
Wednesday. The U.S. currency 
rose to 5.9065 French francs from 
3.8825 francs and to 1.4315 Swiss 
francs from 1.4510 francs. The 
pound fell to $1.4874 from $1.4956. 

The dollar edged up to 108.15 
yen from 108.05 yen. 

The dollar dipped momentarily 
after Germany’s Bundesbank left 
its own discount rate unchanged at 
5.73 peroenL 

Many traders were reluctant to 
buy or sell the dollar aggressively 
before Friday’s report on US. em- 
ployment in January. Without 
steady job creation, the Fed is con- 
sidered unlikely to raise rates to 
control the inflation that usually 
accompanies an expansion. 

The dollar was sold against the 
yea after leaders of Japan’s coali- 
tion government failed to agree on 
Prime Minister Morihiro Hosoka- 
wa's plan to cut the nation's taxes 
by 6 trillion yen ($55 billion). 

Total Issues 
Now Laws 

914 1279 

1193 851 

4S3 670 

2758 2790 

134 159 

20 15 

Amex Diary 

Total issues 
Now Htntis 
New lows 

289 361 

338 261 

274 210 

SSI B32 

30 28 

3 9 

SB — — — 

a - - - 
» - - — 
480 - - 47<i 

45 «1H| — 

4ia — — — 

415 — — — 

42B 2m - 2» 

(8 n 38 » 
4B m 17* m 
as 12ft 14 w* 
441 7M 9ft lift 
445 3h 6 7% 

458 1ft 3VS PM 
455 * n* 3L 

4B h « I* 
465 W * % 

CMbu Wd vbL HSL 
Puts: toWwK.1U29.-l 

- W * 1M — 

i 2Bh H. 1 7 3* 

i — te in, 2 8,— 

> — !k 1% 3 4 

i - % 2* 4 — 

i in IS M M TA 

n n Tt n mi 

- II 11*4 - - 

m 14V, - - W4 

— UAL — — — 


total open InL 92576 

Est. volume: 92*26. Open let.: 432.974. 
n minion ~ pis at m Pd 
Mar 9655 96*3 96*2 —8*4 

Joe 9674 96*3 9634 —OKU 

Sep 95*3 95*2 95*3 — OJH 

Dec 9155 9155 9155 - 0*2 

Mar 95*9 9U9 9SJ6 —0*1 

Jan N.T. NX 95.15 —0*3 

Sop NT. NT. 94*6 —0*2 

Esl. volume: 1,409. Oeon h)j 11*41. 


Am P restart n _ M 


Sinks Mfg . .10 



Am Heritage 
Am Heritage 

DM1 mBIIaa-ptsaf TMpct 


Tata issues 
Hew Lows 

1437 1534 

ISM 1407 
1739 1750 

4772 4771 

143 156 

49 51 

Prta Dec 91 Die to 
32W — — 

IS - — 

J7V4 - - 

40 - — 

42ft - - 

45 — — 

Oft - » 

Cals: tatofvol 4; total 
Wv total voL 1,465; to 
Awn.- case 

Dec 96 Dec 94 Decto Dec 94 

— to - — 

— ft — — 

- ft - 

- 94 th - 

- 1ft 2fc - 

— M n - 

Mar 9443 94*1 94*2 — 0*9 

JDP 94*7 MJ2 94*4 —cm 

Sep 95*1 55BS M® —0.11 

Dec 9525 95*6 —ail 

Mar 95J2 9541 9542 —Bit? 

Jua 9156 9547 9548 — 9*7 

SOP 9553 95.44 9544 —009 

Dec 9541 95132 95*2 — 0*9 

Mar 9530 9U4 9522 — fi.19 

Jra S52D 9510 9110 —510 

Est volume: 270449. Open tart.: 891,145 

Blkrk lav Oval 
Btkrk NY ins 2008 
Bikric Stmt Ton 


Dean Foods 
Delaware GraueDv 
DuftPhetas UtCP 
General BhKflng 
High Yield Income 
IrWor-Regtonal Pn 

Kaufman Broad SPd Q *75 

Lillian Vernon! 
MTS Systems I 


QWB8 - pis A 32adt Of 188 Ptf 
Mar 11MS 117-08 117-21 -0-39 

Jon 117-86 117-04 117-02 — FOB 

Esl. volume: I5US3. Open lnt: 112237. 
DM 23&OOG - Ptl Of 100 Pd 
Mar 10045 9945 99*7 —058 

JOB 10037 9945 99*1 —OJH 

EsL volume: 240*44. Open im_- 165295 

M opto M. 1444 

PabMwab Prm Int 
Student Loan Coro 
TCW-OW Term 2000 M *533 

TCW-DW Term 2002 M *7 

TCW-OW Term 2003 M *625 

Tomntaton dblnai M *5 

Templeton Mb U» 

Thom Apple 

M J83 
Q *7 

3-14 725 

3- 14 3-25 

4- 11 +22 
2-15 2-28 
2-15 228 
2-15 208 
2-15 2-2S 
2*15 208 
2-15 238 
2-15 238 
2-18 2-10 

2- 18 2-15 

3- 11 228 
2-15 238 
231 211 
2-14 2-25 
2-71 M 

214 224 

215 21 

211 4-1 

2-21 211 
211 225 
2-11 21 
211 225 
211 235 
211 235 
2T1 238 
211 238 
214 225 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — ITT Carp, add Tlimsday it posted 
fourth-quarter net iriginie of $219' million on. improved results m its 
finance, hotel and defense units. 

At the g»ne time, ITT said its insurance amts expected * total of $4o 
mflfi on in. riabm bom last month’s earthquake in California and the 
freezing weather in the Midwest and Eastern United Slates. 

The rtra wricrf i nd conglomcraie had a year-ago loss of $617 n ^ fflio n. ITT 
makes automotive and defense products; offers insurance, financi a l and 
.communications services and runs the Sheraton Hotel c h a in . 

Whirlpool Earnings Rise 13 Percent 

BENTON HARBOR, Michigan (AP) —Whirlpool Corp. on Thursday 
reported a 13 percent rise. in. its fourth-qnarter prerfit from a year ago 

BENTON HARBOR, Michigan (AP) - 
reported a 13 percent rise. in. its fourth-q 
beeaue erf itraag appliance safes. 

For the three m onths ended Dec. 31, the 

FJ7V k> l S 

Far the three months ended Dec. 31, the company’s net income totaled 
$69 million, compared with $62 million in. 1992. Revenue rose 4 percent, 
to $1.9 biUkra from $1.84 bflDon. # 

For the year, Whirlpool earned $51 mflhon on. $7.53 bOfion in revenue. 
That compared with $205 million on $73 hilHon in sales, in. 1992. The 
conqxuty said unit shipments rose in North America, Europe, Asia and 
Latin America lor the final quarter and the yean 

Avon Profits lifted by Aslan Sales 

' M *u; 
T In#- 

U r-. w 

AmorCopIncompTr M JB3 
Muni Pram Ineem* M *6 

211 238 
211 235 

a-aaaoal; a pnyntiH la Caiwd te n taw 
□nattily; ihaaartertv; HcmMwart 

U.S. Seeks to Calm Movie Trade Debate 


BRUSSELS — The United States has been 
trying to tone down its dispute with Europe over 
access for Hollywood films and Europe's desire to 
protect its cinema, a U-S. official said Thursday. 

Joan Spero. U.S. undersecretary of state for 
economics and agriculture, said she had held talks 
in Paris and Brussels in recent days in which she 
expressed the U.S. wish for a change in discussions 
of the issue. 

A European Commission spokesman said a 
calmer approach would be welcome. 

America is seeking to ensure access for film and 
music exports, which earn it more than S3 J b3Hon 
a year. 

Europeans, particularly the French, are worried 
that the wave of U.S. products on European televi- 
sion and movfe screens win dilute their culture and 
swamp the domestic industry. 

Rush for Malaysian Offering 

Agence Franco-Prase 

came to near standstill on major 
roads in the Malaysian capital as 
thousands of people rushed to beat 
the deadline for a public offering of 
94.5 milli on shares in Petronas Da- 
gflngan BhdL, a subsidiary of the 
national ofl and gas company. 
Crowds thronged to die share-issu- 
ing house, MIDFCC Sdn., to sub- 
mit their applications. 

NEW YORK (Knight-Ridder) — Awm Products Iocl, die gfeni 
cosmetics oompeny said Thursday it earned $105.4 million in die fourth 
quarter, up from $103.3 millio n a year ago/ 

Weak results in the United States .and Europe were offset by stronger 
sales in Asia and Latin America^ the company said. Theoompany also 
said it would buy back 10 percent of its stock, or 7 million shares, over the 
next three yeais. 

Lilly Loses $523 MiDioii in Quarter 

INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — EE Lilly ft Co. repotted a $523 mflKon 
fourth-quarter loss Thursday, largely because of costs associated with the 

ay, largely because of costs associated with the 

Lilly announced last month it oqtectod to posra loss for the quarter. 
Net income would have beat $332 million, or $1.J4 per share, without 
special accounting charges that reflect^he ^^posap^ 

The company, which makes the popular ^dnig^ Prozac, an antidepres- 
sant, earned $3112 ntiDion in the year-ago period. . 





Sooiim Season 
Hkrti Law 

. . . . I Sa mu il Sb imw ‘ 

Open HWl Low Ctar On OpArt HM> Low 

Open Wi L on Oust On OpJm - 

Agence France Praue Feb. 3 

Vto Anodoied Fran 

Seram Soman 
Htofa Law Open 

Law Our Cter QpJM 



ABN Amro HW 
ACF Holding 

Ainst Rubber 


Hunmr Dausias 
IHC Catand 
inter Mueller 
inn Nedertaid 


Royal Dutch 
Van OmrwfiKi 

AEX trend Index : 435*8 
Previous : 437*8 











129 128 

43L50 43 

221 215 

16*0 1640 
124 125 

22D 219 

343 339 

104 107 

116 117 

300 290 

Hong Kong 

5440 33 

1+10 14 

fi 5040 
4740 4840 
14 14 

1MQ iare 
78 7740 

47^ 2*5 


2940 2940 
25J0 36 

1 » 121 
14*0 1440 
1» 1640 
1X20 13 

4140 41 

5 31*5 



AG Fin 


-Bar co 












Roval Betas 

2775 mo 
3065 3070, 
4300 4250* 
2400 2380 
22925 22100 
177 1B> . 

5760 5780 
1426 1488 . 
6440 6510 : 
1515 1510 ! 
4250 4230 i 
9BW 9J90 i 
7860 7890 

10800 10700 ; 

3480 3490 , 
5850 58*0 1 

1740 18.10 
12*0 11*0 

24*0 23*0 
37*5 3875 
6840 6f 
535 540 
64 64 

13*0 13*0 

3*0 3*1 
37 3679 
14*0 15.TC 
14.10 14*1 

ACCOT 750 

Air LlauMo 870 

Alcatel Alsthom 764 
Axa 1558 

Banco! re (Cle) 677 

BIC 135® 

BNP 278 

Bouwuen 777 

BSN-GD 949 

Candour 42*4 

CCF. 286 

Cervs 14HJ0 

Choraeurs 1450 

aments Franc 381*0 
Clufa Med 384 

Ert-Aaunabie 426 
EILSanofl 1074 

Euro Disney 3340 
Gen. Earn 2831 

Havas 467 

I metal 624 

Lotarae Co rn e e 471 
Leo rants 5«4® 

Lvan. Eaux 588 

Great (L'l 1345 

LVAXH. 3968 

Nlatro-Hachelte Susa. 
Mlcnelki B 260 

Moulinex 129.40 

Par tacts 581 

Pechbiev Inti tzim 
Pernod-RJccrt 427 
Peuaeot 860 

Primemps (Au) lam 
PodtatocJmtaue 513 
Rh-PaulencA 152*0 
Rnfl. 51. LOuta 1650 
Redout* [La) 1050 
Satan Gobatai 689 
S.E.B. 593 

Ste Generate 755 
Sues 368 

Thomson^SF 209 
Total 34460 

UJLP. 711 40 

Valeo 1485 


Amcor IT 10*6 

ANZ 555 541 

BHP 19.50 19*2 

Boral 444 449 

Bougainville 1*0 1.12 

CatesMver 5*7 S.I5 

coroataa 545 5*5 

CRA 1086 1046 

CSR 5*8 SL41 

Dunlop 5*8 5*6 

Fosters Brew 1*2 1*3 

Goodman Field U0 147 

ICl Australia 11*6 11 

Magellan 2.15 110 

MIM 111 195 

Canadian Pacific 
Can Packers 
Cc*i Tire a 
C antor 

CCL Ind B 
Canwest Exal 
Denison Min B 
Dickenson Min A 

10*9 H157Mar93 11489 

1092 1057 AX 95 _ 11*9 

1089 1057 Oct 95 TOJH WJH JOBS 11*9 

Est SOles 5LW9 WM's.bXb 9.993 
WWinpenW 106*29 oltW2 
COCOA (NCSB) nrnwnc tone- lew ton 

9025 311 

9021 270 

♦0*5 IW 

9543 9L31 Ssp95 9488 MJB M8B WJO —0*8 129 *W 

KM . 9USOec« 9472 MJ3 WJO W84 -4UB 99.969 
estsatae (07,190 Wed's. kMs 440*38 
WtoTsapltat 2474418 art 7909 


Echo Bay Mines 
Eaultv Stiver a 
FCA inti 
Fed Ind a 
F letcher Owl] A 
Gull Ccta Res 
Hernia Gld Mines 

Hudson's Bov 

interprov aloe 

Mark Res 
MocLean Hunter 
Motsan A 
Noma lad A 
N ora nda Inc 
Noranoa Forest 
Norcen Enerav 
Ntharn Telecom 
Nava Carp 
Poaurtai A 
Placer Danw 
Poco Petrafaum 
Rogers B 
Raral Bank Can 
Sceclre Res 
Scott's Hasp 
Sears Con 
Shell Can 

Sherri ft Gordon 

Scar Aerospo o e 
Tallsroan Energ 
Tec* 0 

Tfucraon News 
Toronto Dcmn 
Torstor B 
Transaita inn 
TraraCdo Pipe 
Triton Ftnl A 
Trtaec a 
U nlaws Energy 

2.15 2.10 
111 255 

Nat Aust Bank 1298 12*6 

News Corp 1046 10*4 

Nine Network &04 6*3 

N Broken Hill 4*9 3*2 

Pioneer Inti 3*7 j 

n randy Posetaar 245 245 

OCT Resources 143 1*8 

Santas 4*3 4*2 

TNT 2*6 240, 

western Mining 8*3 7.95 

Wastpac Banking 545 548 , 

Woodslde 451 442 

I All onflnoftes index : 


lAkal Electr 445 457 

I Asahl Chemical 705 7C8 

Asatrt Glass 1140 1170 
Bank of Tokyo 1620 1650 
Brtdoestone 1450 i<« 
Canon uoa ian 

Costa 1100 1140 

Dal Nlsaan Print 1U0 1810 
Dalwa House iwb 1650 
DoiwaSeairilies 1740 I7!0 

Full Bant, 
Full Photo 
Hitachi Cable 

KS5»flSS6 ,,BS,J# 

Sao Paulo 

SocGen tonw 8860 8910 
5ec Gen Betskwe 27vo Z72D 
Safina 15575 15525 

Salvor 14800 15T25 

Tractebnl 11050 11030 

UCB 24725 25250 

gjrrgtSte^tadex: 777X12 



Allianz Hold 





Bov. Hyao bank 
Bay VerrlraWc 

BHF Bank 

Daimler Benz 
Dl Babcock 
Deutsche Bank 
Dresdner Bank 
F Krupp Heesefl 


AECI 18*5 II 

Alteefl 96 

Anglo Amer 280 

Barlows NA 

Blyvoar .. 9 

Buffets NA 

□•Beers WSSJS 

Drtefanteln 54*5 

Gencar 8*5 I 


Harmony 36 _ 

HlBiweid Sled „ W 17 

Kloof 51*5 51 

Nettaank Gra 27*S 2640 

Randlonteln 41*5 4148 

Rusplot . 74 7340 

SA Brews 9140 8740 

si Helena 41 

Sasol 3040 20 

welkaffl NA 42*5 

western Deed 168 172 



Ban da Brasil 11 30 two 

BBV 3385 3445 

Ben Central HIsol 3080 Ji<o 
Banco Santander 7250 7290 








Iberdrola I 




3250 3230 
2635 2460 
7650 7710 
1« 150 

1150 1185 
4795 4790 
4230 42U 
2150 2105 

Pet r ofaros 
T11 le a r n s 

7200 7300 
aioo IQSD 
9400 9490 
8800 9150 
swwii mn 

4340 42 TO 
2220 2250 
2530 2200 
1020 TOW 
868 BID 
841 840 

1530 1420 
5670 5780 
479 620 

664 672 

974 1010 

2hjo am 

Vote RIO Doce 59000 42S00 

a: s too. 



Atfaev Non 
Allied Lyons 

Arhi Wtagtns 
Argyll Group 
Ass Bril Foods 







Kail Sata 




Ktoeckner werke 


Metal taesell 












Bank Scotland 




Blue Circle 





Brtf Airways 
Brit Gas 
Bril Steel 
Bril Telecom 

CaM* Wire 
Cadbury Sen 
Coats viveito 
ECC Groun 
Enterprise Oil 
F Isons 



Banco Comm 

Benetton jiuup 

Fortin RteP 
Flat SPA 

3*2 3*1 

4.92 4*3 










San Paolo Torino 






Toro Assl Rtaa 

aty Dev. 


Fraser Neave 
Gant bra 

B4S 845 
7.10 7.15 
12*0 12.10 
1BJB 1740 
19*0 18*0 

Golden Hoae PI 2.09 2*6 

Haw Par 
Hume Industries 
Inch awe 
KL Kenans 


340 154 
S 4*4 
6.10 6*9 

11. 10 11.10 

3.18 *12 
1*5 1*3 

Malayan Banks 940 940 
OCBC 14 1190 




S em b Owa n g 
51 me Darby 

5 'pore Land 
5Twre Press 

14 13.90 
845 845 
7 JO 7*0 
1L3S 14.10 

605 4 

4*2 3*8 
7JS 745 
7.70 7*5 

15 14.90 

I to Yofcado 5670 5780 

Itochu 679 *70 

Japan Airlines 664 672 

KoUma 974 1010 

Kansal Power 2B» 2W0 

Kawasaki Steel 34l 368 

Kirin Brewery 1230 1230 

Kamalsu 891 895 

Kubota 618 454 

Kyocera 6770 6850 

Matsu Elec Inds i*ps wo 

Matsu ElecWks iu» 1120 

Mitsubishi Bk 3940 2950 

Mitsubishi Kasai 484 474 

Mitsubishi Elec 575 567 

Mitsubishi Hev 734 709 

Mitsubishi Carp 1130 USD 

Mitsui and CO 750 747 

Mitsukcsnl 910 915 

Mitsumi 1 SOT 1540 

NEC 1040 1060 

NGK Insulators 1150 1150 

Nikko Securities 1330 I3« 

Nippon Kogafcu 929 949 

Nlppan 011 740 735 

Nippon Steel 346 m 

Nippon Yusen 629 630 

Nissan 855 841 

Nomura Sec 2320 2330 

NTT 9410a 99Ma 

Olympus Optical 1040 1050 

Pioneer 7m S3® 

Ricoh 780 794 

Sanre Elec 444 4M 

Sharp i*aj 1640 

a^mazu 457 674 

WHEAT (CBOT) Mabuink«YW»-aakaniP«rlwmi 
194ft 1*0 MorW 175 176ft 171 17116-0*2% 19+0 

173 ISO May 94 1541k l»ft 3J4ft 15W-6Q, ,1*1 

156 296 JUI94 141 34Sft 343ft 143»-eLin« 13J90 

157ft in Sap 94 145ft 144ft 144ft 144ft -0.07ft 2JB9 

165 109 Dec 94 153 154ft IS 153ft-0*Zft 3*2 

3*7 111 JU95 136 5 

Est sates 18000 Wrd's.iaies 9.464 

Wed's open irt 49*80 up 110 

WHEAT (XBOT3 sjnBunwenyn-aaenmrBudiai 

192 291 MdfM 144 146ft 141 ft 342ft— 0*3 14,171 

179ft ZM May 94 151ft 153ft 150ft Ulft-OJBft 7*06 

155 2.97 Jul 94 141 142ft 140 341 -OJOft HUM 

155ft UtZftScpM 141 14) 14) 142ft-8D0U 2*54 

ISO U2ftDec94 147 149 147 147 -801ft 9M 

152ft idftMares let —801ft 5 

EsL sates NA. Wed'S, sates 5*77 

Wed's o pen biL 35-508 Off 738 

CDRH (CBOT] M00bumlrtnwn.«to*n,eerb«*ei _ 

111ft 232ft Mar 94 2.92ft 293ft 290ft 2*1 -0*1 ft 92*99 

116ft U6ft«tav94 1M 1*9 U6ft 294ft-0*1 92*17 

116ft 241 Jul 94 299 299ft 2*7ft 2.97ft -amft WL444 

292ft 240 Vt Sen 94 200ft 2*2 280ft 280ft 17*74 

7.731V 234V, Dec 94 264ft 266 163ft 264ft -800 , .V 44*99 

279ft 253ft Mar 95 270 272 270 170ft *800ft 2743 

747 2*3 May 95 274ft tOLOOft 241 

1495 - 953 Mar M MM2 KJ74 1041 HOT 

1368 971 May 94 1045 1107 11177 1105 

1365 999 JU 94 HT3 11® 1107 1131 

077 UBSeoM 1148 lift 1DJ 115* 

1389 1041 Dec 94 1171 1192 1167 llg 

HB2 TB77MW9S 1204 1220 1204 iza 

j«js nil May 95 «» BQ7 1222 id< 

1«7 1225 JUI 95 1252 

1330 1330Sep95 , 1247 

EstS(«BS 10*64 WKTLIteei 11*00 
wsmoaenM 88*35 ad 1221 

+30 20,974 
+19 22437 
+14 8108 
+20 6*13 
♦ 20 7*92 
+20 9*52 
+20 1» 
+20 m 

88*35 Ofl 1221 

S^TSlw'kiSd *1Su& ' 

134*5 44*0 MIX' 94 KQJD HM*D 102+5 10170 

H5J» B»J»May94 706*5 107*0 HM6B 10666 

135D0 NUOJuIN 10*5 109*5 U89 109*0 
HUB 1KLB!5ai9* 111*0 

11650 1 BUBNOV 94 11230 

13200 lOTJDJm>93 11S31 

124*5 10600 Mir 95 115*0 

Mar 95 . 115*0 

Jul 95 - T15J0 

Ext sales ha WWs.£t4« IJt* 

Wed's open Int 17,190 off 192 

-4*5 HUM 
—140 MO 
—1*5 1*81 

14950 WHO Dec 94 - 14181 

BO. sates 3843* Wed's, sates 12*47 
Kteftai*ntfS2«B oh Wl- 
OIUDUNDpUJUl (CMER) Seerte-u 1 eateteaete 
OJBm 0L7M4MorM 0752S (L75«l 07512.0^0 
i» 0*365 Jun 94 87511 1753* 87510 0*515 
877*0 87348 5W> 94 0JB3 87525 0J5M 87513 

07670 07315 Die 94 0*518 OTSB OTSM 0*512 
87405 0*374JHar«5 87527 07K2 87513 

0*500 : ojgoojunfa 0*302 un mm um 
Strain 5M7 Waffs. sates 4*99 

SffitefSowalra 30,M6 up MB4 ■ 


US 2*3 May 95 174ft tOUOOft 2fl 

187ft 274ft Jul 95 276ft 276ft 275ft 275ft » 800ft 585 

238ft 251 ft Dec *5 Z33V, 254ft 253ft 234 +8JIDK 51 

Ed. sates 4j*oa wecfvsixes 48*78 
WWsODenint 332*78 art 2154 
SOYBEANS ICBOT] laoa Du nwaaiun. outers eer bam« 

731 5891k Mar 94 iM 6*7 4*0 630ft-atn 41,950 

731 19ZftWlay94 6a*ft 63T1I. 665 43Sft-O03ft 41J11 

730 894ft Jul 94 630 1*2 4*4 *JftV._o_in 35*33 

7*5 678 Ante 660 683 4*7 &77ft-8JBft 4*15 

6**ft 6.17 Sec 94 438 661 637ft 637ft +0*2 3,939 

7.57ft 855ft Nov 94 440ft 444 6J9V* 6®ft +0U0I 18202 

470 6. 18ft JOT 95 645ft 649 645 645 +IU0ft 1414 

6J3ft 447 Mcr 95 431 +881 300 

6*3 642ft J4 95 433ft 635 632 632 -800 ft 214 

630ft 5JnftNov93 614' i 6U 614ft 615ft 874 

Est sales 46*00 wedftsdes 71*15 
Wed-sooenirt 170JE up 1746 

SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOT) MB tou es— lpsrtes 
23750 18520 Mar 94 1U4J 10658 194*0 19510 -130 36077 

232*0 1S550MayM IM80 19650 19430 195*0 - 030 19314 

230*0 193*0 Jul 94 195*0 19620 19430 194*8 -030 17343 

22300 1915DAW94 191*0 794*0 19330 192.90 -0*0 6916 

218*0 1 87 JO SW 94 191*0 19200 19030 191.00 -850 Utl 

206*0 187.1 0 Oct W 18U0 WJOO 188*0 181*0 -U» 2JM6 

209*0 440 Dec 94 1*7 JO 18870 1B7JD 18610 -1*0 5342 

zmm 18430 JOT 95 18830 189*0 18*30 18*30 - 2*0 415 

Ey. sates ib*oo wsfftsam 25*29 

WeafsoeenH 9QJ47 up 231 

SOYBEAN OR. (CBOT) eaaiOBn- amors per me toe 

30*5 71. 13 Mar 94 a.n 29*2 2B3D 2*32 -4L4C32JW 

30145 21*0 MOV 94 28*7 2691 20.44 TBjO -043 24*11 

2**0 21354494 2648 2659 2624 2BL2B -0*1 17,113 

79 JO 21 45 Pub 94 2B*0 2605 27*5 27*0 -023 5*d7 

m« 2240 Sen 94 2745 2730 2730 2730 —0.1 a 5*67 

2745 72.10009* 3655 2655 2631 2140 -611 3321 

26BB 690 Dec 94 2600 2600 25.75 25*9 -0.M 7J11 

2655 22*5 JOT 95 25*5 25*8 25*9 25*0 -615 «J 

auo 25_W. Stores 25*0 -6W if 

Esl rates 2x000 wwrs.sotes 26*41 

weffsooened 95*93 up 1581 

HI GRADS C0m* (NCMX) SMtertt 
10730 73*0 Mor 94 89.90 9030 »JB 

M 7430 An-94 

10X20 716D«toyM MJB (8*5 ' 48*0 

•950 74.10 Jun 94 

10295 763 Jul 94 88*0 MJO *8*5 

M330 74.90 Sep 94 88*0 8670 MJO 

WU0 7&750K 94- 89.10 V.H 8630 

89*0 7690 JOT 95 M*0 18*0 89*0 

97*0 73*8 FeO *5 9610 MU 19 JO 

89*0 62*0 Mor95 MJB MJB M.08 

■9*0 MJB MOV 95 

8600 76*0*14 K 

8670 BJMaefi 

8650 79.nSep95 

87 JO 75*OOct91 

8730 77*5Nbv95 

MM M3808C9S 90*0 9600 90l» 

Est soles 14*00 weffLeatos 19JM 
Wed's oaen tot 67*25 us 3694 
S6.VBR (NCMX) 6SS4«wra..aMira-Mr< 
5310 445* Fra 94 577* 5M* S27* 

3543 SMJBMarM 3293 S49* 329* 







—0.15 0367 





































89 JO 






116205 83647 MtrW 03758 0^70 03711 03727 .. -MD5.T33 

(UCB 03WJOTM 65728 03737 03M2 03497 —77 8*46 

0*015 03419 Sea *4 6900 03705 03BB 03676 —24 31? 

03710 03809 Dec 94 03465 -OS 3) 

EAtefca BUU WMVealH^WM 

jnNTIJunMO ■?’£} 

Q*09*10(U*e942Sep94 0*093250J0933SI.Bm31 50*09331 .-80 469 

EttxPtt 3*05 WMft-SOtes 19*74 
Wtefsdpen W85.114 ■ op 255 

WedftosxmW 85.114 op 235 

o?i l ^ F ^^>^^^^*Bn r aS® , MSSa hr Qjfflff n -341*90 

» :&»js sss sa-i s ^ 






+ULD J8i« 

Aar 91 


♦ 130 

371JUftnr94 5320 



+ 130 1804 

371 J Jul W 







3785 SiPM 







3880 Dec W 








4185 Mar 95 







4180 May 95 




4200 jm IS 



49X0 Sep 95 


+ 113 







740 735 

344 3SD 
429 430 

B55 841 

2320 2330 

TSE 300 Index : 4548*8 
Prevteas : 457X40 


2W0 2950 
780 7«t 

444 4H 
ItOD 1440 
657 674 

SMtrafsu Chem 1890 T86C 

Sony 6190 «l» 

SvnilBfito Bk 2)90 2S2D 

Sutnl tamo Chem 424 451 

Sum! Marine 928 ri W 

Sumitomo Metol 296 299 

Tolsel Corp 717 731 

Toteno Marine tee 8*4 

■Tafceda Chem iJOO IMO 

TDK *330 Ota 

Tallin 4*8 461 

Tokyo Marine 1300 1330 

Tokyo Elec Pw 3518 3600 

Taepan Printing 1330 133C 

Tor ay ind. 450 660 

Tasniba 730 724 

Toyota i»» WM 

Yamaicni Sec 882 9i? 


Sing steamship * JO 3.94 

Store Totecamra 3*8 2*0 , 

StraHy Trading 170 3*4 

UOB II 11 ! 

UOL 2X3 2J» 

^STB& :7SUSa 


717 731 
864 864 
1380 1290 
4330 4360 
4«8 461 
1300 1330 


3136 32ft 
29ft 29ft 
48ft 46ft 
20ft 2Dft 
ZJft 22ft 
8ft 8ft 

AGA 420 425 

ASM A 570 577 

Astro A 183 IBS 

Allas Cooco 438 a 

Electrolux B 400 311 

Ericsson 342 342 

E984H8-4 128 HO 

HandetebaHten 140 14] 

TteNK todex : MU 
Prey leas : 1628 

MS index :HM41 
Prey toes : toue 

264 260 

• 640 640 

B 1112 1120 
955 951 

751 758 
4200 4170 
1235 1271 

1 2355 2420 

■710 930 

9S5 948 

625 680 
450 451 

1390 1395 
B 157 157 

1710 1720 
7180 7165 
143 143 

4370 4370 

9® 923 
2150 2200 
B 524 529 

2 711 703 

8^3 970 

1SS 1510 

.22 “» 

1573 1578 

CATTLE ICMER) «*■»■» -crate parte 
7652 n«Feb« 72*1 7X27 71*5 

82J5 7130 Apr 9* 75. 17 7il7 74*0 

74*5 D 23 JOT 94 7190 7190 7125 

71*7 7020 Aug 94 72*5 72*0 7225 

n* 2 71*7 OctV 72*0 TLB 72*0 

74J0 7235 DrC 91 73*8 73^1 73.15 

7425 7100 Fell 75 7102 7102 7100 

Extratas 2L1S4 Weds. soles 14*41 
WeffSBoaiM 91*22 off Ml 
FSD«CATTl£ (CMER) SUOOtos-eexteP 
BUS 79EMOT94 412 8127 80*0 

850! 7920 Apr M 8020 BUS 79*2 

84*9 79*5 May 94 79M 79*5 78*8 

•53.03 79*5 Aua 94 8075 HJ5 Bail 

81*0 79J0S8P 94 80.10 M.W 79*0 

88*0 77*5 Nw 94 8050 8050 SOUS 

81. M 7928 OCT 95 X0 0U *0*0 79*7 

79*0 79*0 JOT 94 79*2 79*2 79*0 

Ed. raws 1.71* Weds, sales 1*44 
WMft open art 11.719 ue H 
HOGS (CMER) AWte-omwA 
5125 CUD Fta 94 BOO 5027 49*5 

n.n 3957 Av 94 51.10 5142 50*0 

5427 *527 Jun 94 5625 5557 55*5 

5527 flSOJum 5*ta 6455 5*10 

53.10 4425 MM 94 5100 53*0 5220 

49*5 43*0 OC *4 030 49*0 M2j 

5050 4SJ0DeC94 4970 49.70 49*2 

32*0 48*0 FdO 95 

48*0 4090 ACT 15 


Wefftoaeninr 33*34 . OP 475 
*1,1! 39.10 Fra 94 60. TO 40*0 5875 

40.90 3B*0Mcr 94 1022 4680 59*0 

61J7 488 May 94 61S7 41*0 4810 

£2*0 39JGJUI94 6140 41p0 4810 

59J0 42*0 Aug 94 S2S 9/0 5660 

Es-sdei 3J53 waffs-ram 4*is 
WWsaaenart 11*09 UP 38 

-O/o 16*0 
—0*7 12.165 
-057 19*91 

-817 7.5a 
—0.17 1*08 

—465 SO 

-870 4*60 
-0A3 2*77 
—044 UIU 
-853 1*14 

530* 49X0 Sep 95 5802 

5770 539ADPC9S 573* 373* 573L0 MM 

Est- sates 28088 WtedA sates 3*491. 
WedkuatnM 115*78 UP 1200 
PLATMUM 88EM) Mwrateteinewwt 
« US 00 APT 94 93*0 397*0 29830 39880 
92800 157JDOJUIW 394*0 SOX 3XJB 397*0 

«UD 348*00094 3*4*0 39600 396*0 398*0 

407*17 374*0 JOT W 3HUV. 3MM 29A00 399*7 

3WJ9 390JDApr9S 401*0 

EsL sates NA Weds sates 2.141 

WtaffseponW 18374 bp mo 
GOLD (NCMTO MKmvak-jtoeraiewPerek 
41178 33110 FeO 94 364*0 38750 38U0 

39830 376J0MOT9S J6600 88728 384*0 

4)850 33520 Apr 94 30800 W9*0 3*5*0 
41720 339*0 Jon 94 388*0 391*0 387*0 
41500 341 28 AIM 91 
417*0 344*00094 

41891 313*0 Dec 94 39420 397*0 3*420 
411*0 34320 FEb 95 
417*0 34850 Apr96 

42850 36120 JUR 95 

41220 38020*41095 


42840 4QZ*0Dec95 41200 40*0 411*0 

Est sales 40*00 Wtansdu 31416 
vteffsopraint ns*M op 732 

+110 3*89 
+110 374 

+xi« . nr 


a>P wlJ wepfl. State «». rakteP 

7J-36 SAMarM-7525 78* 74*0 

MJO All 94 75*0 7650 75*0 

22 Oct 94 78*0 7U0 70*0 

4029 M*6D0CM 6I*S 0*5 <845 

55 MJOMorM +9*7 025 023 

SS *£SMJ9?5 MAO- 70*0 

MW . 7898 -ft* 95 

Ext iotas NA Wed's, rates |7*a 

JJKHBSfi' £‘ m mm. 

HEAUNGOL OMRJ ate- crate per e> 

“» 5895 5895 SUB 

Apr 94 49 JO 49*0 47*0 

5720 8L50MO/94 44*9 47 JD 45*0 

6U0 . 432SJOT94 <430 44*0 4520 

68MJUI94 47M 0*0 %M 

OM 4125Augf4 *720 020 47J0 

57J7 4MQSep94 4820 4820 II* 

5830 -SSSShN ** 

SS 5,35 -5i sijfl. 

£w 51 ' W 51-» 

ss agsts "*■*?* **- 

»S ■ . flaSSirM 

jura 020 Jot « 

TUB +0*4 20,170 
7646 +U7 18579 

74*2 4 US 9*64 

7120 +840 U93 

M*5 • 48*5 9*51 
0*5 +8.10 167 

70*3 - —0*0 71 

7835 48.15 

— Ui 58705 
— 1-19 34293 
— 8*4 35*0 
— OT9 22JIS 
-0*9 15*91 
—0*9 8*S 
.-8*9 srao 
-0*9 3*97 
-OJ9 2*77 
—0*9 4*40 
—0*9 120 
-0*9 324 

-0*5 205 

% \ 



.mneiaiir car.ias up 2431 
uareswerr ckudc !*■«.« 

4834 -8*9 151 

4836 —077 7» 

48M —0*9 55 

+2*8 .1*41. 

+240 4840 
-+240 28338 
+240 knr, 
+2*0 3205 
♦ 2*0 12*87 
+ 2*0 ZM 
+2JQ 3*04 
+2*0 4*77 
+220 463 


+228 2*n 

UJMta-yj 14*5 1834 I«w 

HfiMrM MJS 18S UJ4 
«*Mor»4 M-12 1824 15*5 

]i23Jnn94 l*JtJ 1429 isas 
1M0A4M 1634 1433 1520 

1854 Aug 94 160 14*2 14J4 

UTSSraW lU'M* 4S 
1WQCJ94 1640 M*0 18M 

1800Mav94 160 U0 (60 
T81313ecw 14*5 1885 MAS 

JMJ U» WJte 
}*MFraW 17 JP 1720 17*0 

uSa?” I,JS UM „ 
KSirS? 1 ’ 7 ■ 4, wai 


-0123 14,929 
-024 11,506 

8*5 9264 

-0*0 30633 
-027 7.915 
— 027 800 
-0*7 4238 

— 4M W67 

-8*5 128 

-OJ2 277 
— 0J5 4 


-0*5 1839 
-0*3 HJ31 
—040 7*76 
—1*0 1765 
—0*8 2JXI 
-041 1251 
-0*1 1J»3 
-8*5 213 

-8.10 S’ 

15 COMBO utowaieig 
9811 MOT 94 96M 94J4 S 

94*7 — 

9448 -J 
9428 -i 

1 11499 WldXsates 8fflf 
enM M.144 ua 3M 
CASUirr (CBOT) snaraaerw 
0-13 «r Ski 11 -27 111+27 111 



9501 —i 

111-135- 1 

—l.W L878 
—045 22M 
-046 4200 
—ora 2.197 

-095 4 « 

1AM 17. 14 Ana 95 


ay.-.^-Ytqo+cw- wo - u** w/r 

tk taws na WetfT ,iu tziji 5 
WOd-lOPOTlrt 4480B Off 711 .. 

S3' gSASS-SS 38- 
fi-S *J*Jwt94 0*1 «0 00 

“ » * 


4U0 MdOOHkyM 

Est soles na Wftfteicses ttas 

WtadtoograW mm OB 30^ 

-0*8 944 

-00 312 

— 031 5213 
-0*1 13.160 

4800 —027 381)0 
025 — 034 £01 
— 0*6 31M4 
ara —00 12282 

025 ■ — (us iw 
4825 -80 1229 
0.15 -fti7 
0*5 +8*3 1 




Norsk Hydro 





Placard la AP 





Sandvtt B 









5-E Banken 





Skondto F 


















rr^tetesro BF 







AMfiW Price 16ft 14ft 

Agnico Eagle i&ft lift 
Air Conada «ft 6ft 

Alberto Enerav 19ft saw 
Am Bsrrtck Re> 36ft 36W 
BCE 48ft Mft 

Bk Nora Scotia 12 32 

BC Gas Kft 16ft 

BC Telecom 25ft 25ft 

lift 16ft 
25ft 25ft 

8*1 way Ip whaiBra 
h Great BrRdH 

OF Realty Hds 0*3 0.02 

ffaemaertMnj IMAM 


0.40 J.43 
9 9 

Aft 4'ft 
5W r.g 
35ft 15ft 

CDFTSEC (7K9D Vjeu.cenwB 
Kn SlWw 73*3 J 625 TUB 

raw 63*5 MOV 94 7471 irjo 74*5 

MJO 6A90JUM JUS B.15 76*5 

BOJO 46J054PW 77.W BQAD 77*0 

5i3 77 .iod8c«« mbo na 

BSD 7890 Mar 95 IU» 930° 6200 

«m CJBMavfS 

JUI 95 

Est.srfes 2L736 weffstakte LUl 
WWsaMnkrt 58266 iff 361 
SUGAR- WORLD 11 (NCSE) liunte-ww 
110 8*M0r*4 «M5 11*4 tap 

hS umotm iora lira wra 

I1JS 9 15 Jal 94 1894 11*5 1893 

nS t.eoerta MJ* «« 

11*2 eiJMnrVS IBS 11.10 I0TJ 

+113 ZTJSi 
+U8 I5JK) 
+2.90 4*44 

+ira 3*e 

-7B 1243 
»U5 at 
+245 27 

* ira 

Slock indexes 

“fCOM^IWJK KMER) gMxkate^ ' - : 

S2 522^.** 9?! Mjra 47840 411*8 — JMIW M. 


Jg-B -IJtt 992 

-JUMBCr- “• 

at 4 *- 

HUB -M7 Utter 9e - - HlHS "A® 

eoratec kfA^teCrseatoi wet 801 


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sfi;:; ■ 

f , • •• • 

g 1 ?;:: ■ 


S 4 : v 

i * •> •• . - 

S -v •. •: • • 

*3 .< -... 

+853 rtw 
+044 HIM 
• 00 18*71 
+841 tlrfM 
+823 1367 

Coramofflly indexes 

Momrt : • «S5ff- 

Reuters 1,749*0 

DJ. Mures v. • 

Com. Research usri 




Czech TV Goes Com mercial 

New Station Vies With State Broadcaster 

If Investor’s Europe 

-KLMRoyal Dutch Airlines, re- 
peating hi^ ^ 

le !i-£F ro PV sa ^ ^ursday it would 
■sell 20 million new shares in global 
markets next month. 

Analysts expressed disappcdni- 
wort about the dilutive effect on 
exiting shareholdings, whidh they 
esuaated at 6 to 9 percent, butlfcw 
applauded KLM’s move to 
Strengthen its balance sheet. 

KLM also said that expected to 
post a “slight profit” for the finan- 
cial year ending March 31. 

But several analysts said the re- 
port of a profit for the October- 
December quarter of 15 million 
guilders (57.7 mflhoij), compared 
with a net loss in the year-earlier 
period oT 437.8 million gmfcW 
indicated that KLM would have a 
very positive earnings surprise for 
the /nil year. 

Analysts said they expected the 
Dutch airline to adjust its projec- 
tions when Jt got Closer to making 
thepublk offering. 

KLM declined to say at what 
price it would offer the new shares, 
bid most analysts said it seemed 
likely that it would be at a slight 
discount to where the stock was 
trading in MarCh. 

KLM shares closed Thursday at 
48.20 guilders, down from 49.00 

guilders the day before. KLM 
. could raise approximately 900 mfl- 
tion guilders if H sells the new 
snares at 47. to 48 guilder. 

Bert Siebrand. an analyst with 
the Amsterdam bank Ddta Lloyd, 
sa id he was disappointed by the 
size of the offering, but added: 

“Ultimately, after the first shock, 
its positive for KLM. The dilution 
is a small price to pay for .900 
million guilders added to the baK 
ance sheet” 

Cces Haasnoot of Kempea & 
Co. in Amste rdam adjusted his 
profit estimate for the year upward 
to 100 million guilders from 50 mfl- 
lion guilders. KLM would have to 
suffer a foanh-quaneT loss of 210 
mpion guilders to give it a profit of 
50 million guldecs, a number that 
could plausibly fit the projection of 
a “sJjght profit,” Mr. Haasnoot 
-said. He said he thnughr a logs of 
that size was unlikely. . 

Wflfemina Rysdyk. transport an- 
alyst for Bank van Meer James Ca- 
pcl in Amster dam, said the third- 
quarter numbers had come in 
above her estimates, but she was 
disappointed- by KLMs difficulty 
in generating decent yields, mea- 
sured by average revenue per pas- 
senger Sown one kilometer. Yields 
fell by 8 percent for the period. 

Dutch PTT Seeks U,S. Ally 

„.^! Werr . The Dutch state will sell the first 

THE HAGUE — A U-S. affia n ce chunk of its PTT shares during the 
is a key dement of the strategy of m onths of this year. Mr. 

Dutch telecammtmicatious to be- D0c declined to discuss how much 
come a global force as it prepares of the company would be sold, at 
for the country’s biggest-ever pri- what price or predsetywhen. • 
v»tmttoa, W- m Dik, U* chainnm, 20 M d 30 p^, 0 f 

Tbxn ^\ ■ ~ Dutch PIT: share® are expected to 

Partnership is the only ww tor ^ pIaced m ^ market at a price 
Accompany. Kamnkhjke PTTNt- omcould range anywhere from 40 
derland NV, to overcome fierce to 60 guildorsfabout S2fito $30) a 
<»nq>etiikM in a liberalized Eraope share. - ...• 

and seize the multimedia dial- - , '■ ■. ' , 

lengps of the future, Mr. Dik said. .Amriyrtt ray, tins pu ts the va lue 

“We absolutdy have to have a l£ J»wra«S < «i£^r3S ro 

a,Mw eavfas (tm° 

conference, adding that his compa- 

ny was tallting to almost every tde- PTT has already made great pro- 

communications com pany in the gr®* in building global alliances 
United States. through Unisource, the unlisted te- 

Competition barriers in Europe- venture it jffln^r owns with 

an telecommunications wfil begin Swiss Telecom and Telia of Swe- 
comingdownin 1995. dm, Mr. Dik said. 

. By Robert D. Gray 

Special to the H«mU Tribune 

. PRAGUE — If the Nova TV logo bursts onto 
television screens across the Czech Republic as 
scheduled Friday night, it will launch the country 
into a new era of commercial entertainment 

Nova, a joint Czech-North American venture, is 
the first private commercial television station in 
the former Eastern bloc. 

“We think that weH bring a new concept of 
rr\trr^fnmw> i and news,” said Vladimir Zelezny, 
the station’s director-general 

Nova was awarded a broadcasting license on 
Feb. 8, 1993, and has expanded to include about 
200 employees in seven offices since the idea was 
hatched in tire autumn of 1991 

Funding for. the venture cranes primarily from 
the parent company of Nova’s North American 
. partner, Central European Development Co„ 
which supplies 75 percent of the capital The group 
— which includes a former U.S. ambassador to 
Austria, Ronald Lauder, and a former ambassador 
to_ Hungary, Mark Palmer — is committed to 
invest at least 1.6 biHioa koruny (SS3 million) in 
the project 

The Czech Savings Bank supplies the other 25 
percent financing for Nova, while Mr. Zelezny* 5 
Central European TV for the 21st Century is the 
legal Hcense bolder and a nonfinancial investor. 

Mr. Zdezny, 48, the mastermind behind the 
station, began his broadcasting career as a 17-year- 
old producer for Czech state television. He was one 
of three people who broadcast illegal protests of 
the 1968 Soviet-led invasion. 

Programming on Nova mil be quite different 
from that offered by Czech state television, Mr. 
Zdezny said. He has stockpiled an arsenal of 
blockbuster feature films and series from distri- 
buters such as Columbia/Tristar, Twentieth Cen- 
tnry-Fox and Disney as well as from top Czech 

Nova is hoping its programming will ensure it a 
niche in this hungry market of 10 million television 
viewers. Many of the programs have never been 
seen here, which Nova employees are quid: to 
point oul 

Nova’s schedule m dndfs such U.S. hits as 
M*A*S*H and Dynasty, along with Disney ani- 
mated features. 

Faced with the loss of its 40-year monopoly, 
fbi grb state television has raVen several measures 
to help it compete with the private operator, in- 
cluding upgrading graphics and sets, launching an 

advertising campaign and gearing towards more 

commercial prog rammin g 

With an 1.8 billion koruny annual stale subsidy 
and a restructured advertising system. Czech state 
television is hoping io cling to its dominant market 

But the challenger is undaunted. 

“They haw some good programs, but not 
many,” said Petr Sladecek, bead of Nova’s pro- 

*We think that we’ll bring a 
new concept of entertainment 
and news.’ 

Vladimir Zelezny, director-general of 
Nova TV 

gram acquisition department. “In a few months 
there will be no competition.” 

The state-nm station is playing its aces early. 
pinning the first two “Godfather” movies on con- 
secutive Fridays, with Part II opposite Nova’s 
planned lau nc h . 

Nova is planning to counter with a renowned 
C recfr film, ‘Obccna Skola,” followed by “Gbosi- 

Advertisers are not doubting Nova's potential 
According to Nova’s director of sales. Barry 
Hirsch, filling spots for the station’s 20-hour aver- 
age broadcast day has been an easy task. 

‘T'hw want us to win the competition with 
Cze ch TV,” he said of Czech advertising agencies. 
“With two stations competing, they’ll get the bet- 
ter rate.” 

Inrai advertising agencies aren't the only ones 
who will be glad to see Nova on the air. 

Columbia and Nova have worked out a barter 
agreement that allows Mr. Pollock to sell his own 
air time to advertisers. In exchange, Colombia 
Tristar waives the acquisition fee for its program- 
ming. Mr. Pollock said be likes the arrangement 

Nova's signal will beam from the Metstanka 
Beseda complex, which has hosted two other land- 
mark broadcasts. In May 1953, the first Czechoslo- 
vak television transmission was broadcast from the 
complex. Fifteen years later, it served as the head- 
quarters for the rebellious anti-Communist broad- 

Mr. Zdezny said he is exdted about seeing the 
third incarnation of Chech television Friday night, 
and said be would feel much like a proud father. 



2430 — - : 

m— — 


^s' o n *oT? 

1993 4994 

Exchange Inch 

Amsterdam AEX 

Brussels Sloe 

Frankfurt DAX 

Frankfurt faz 

Helsinki HEX 

Condon Finn 

ton tjon FTSi 

Madrid Gera 

Milan MB 

Paris cag 

Stockholm Altai 

Vienna Stoc 

2urich SBS 

Sources: Reuters. AFF 


FTSE 100 Index 



h- m- 

,f S ON 

"oTf ‘ ®5'o¥d I f"! 


AEX , 435.33 

Slock index 7,773.12 

PAX 2,151.72 

faz ’sates 

HEX r ~ 

Financial Times 30 2.S9&00 
FTSE 100 3,491.50 

Prav. ' % 

Close Change 

437.33 -0.47 

7.784.14 -0.14 

2,184.01 -1.48 

835.89 -0J27 

1,939-65 +1.?o 

2.710.10 -0S3 

3,520.3 0 -0-32 

353,47' +1.07 

1,057.00 '+1.80 
2,355.93 -E44 

1,833.19 +0.34 

509.43 -0.58 

1,090.60 -0.37 

Iflicnuiirou) JltraU Tnbane 

Upset at EU 


BONN — German steelmakers 
came out of a meeting Thursday 
with Economics Minister Gunter 
Rexrodt and urged the European 
Union to “not just announce subsi- 
dy discipline, but to final]}' start 
practicing it," 

The steelmakers' section of the 
German Industrial Association 
added in a statement: 'The unre- 
strained subsidy policy of some 
governments that are obstructing 
the market is the main cause of the 
present European steel crisis.” 

German ‘si eel makers have 

uasubadized companies agree to Milan M1B . 1,0 76. TO i ,ua< .uu *^.ov 

cut capacity. CAG 40 ' 2.32159 2.3-55.93 -E44 

Thev satd thev are soil readv to •— — rr zr r r ; — ~7TZT 

contribute to bringing the steel Stockholm Alfafersvaerlden 1^844.48 338.19 -yO.34 

market into equilibrium, but they Vienna Stock Index 506J30 509.43 -0.58 

also noted that German steel com- 2 |ch 555 1^586^1 1.090.63 -0.37 

pastes have reduced raw steel ca- Z—L. — - - ■ ,, , ■ , - - r — 

parity by 6.5 million ions since Sources: Reuters. AFF 

1991 and hot-rolled capacity by 3 n , . 

million tons. Bv 1995, about TT* - 

120.000 jobs will 'have been cm. Very briefly: 

they said. 

• Comp&gtue Finandere de Paribas SA said net profit excluding minority 
movS hi'the £ u£ imerSrore 58 percent, 10 an estimated 1 .4 billion French francs (£2a8 

^ mi Uioot last veax. thanks to a strong performance in capital markets and 
Th? sS^SxSgled out “ a 5561 man'agemeni and lo good business in the Americas and Asia, 
subsidies to Italy’s 1LVA. Spain's • Tbe European Commission will study the French government’s 2 billion 
CSf and Germany’s EKO Stahl franc capital injection for Aerospatiale, focusing on whether the monev 
steel companies, saying they would constitutes state aid and whether the government is behaving as a normal 
add 5 million tons to rollrii steel private investor would. 

capacity rather than reduce cl , Germany's Federal Statistics Office said business insolvenries in West- 
■ Knipp Hopeful on *94- era Germany hit 1 . 172 in November, up 46.7 percent from a year earlier. 

The steel and engineering con- • Unioo Bank of Switzerland said Heinrich Steinmann, its executive rice 
cent Fried. Krupp AG Hoesch- president, would leave the executive board in June; Mr. Steinmann will 
Kruppsaid Tnursday it expected to become chainnan of Rider Holding AG, a maker of textile machinery. 

“ 1994 a “* • Tdefdnica de Espaha SA said its international unit was in the final 
1 99a. Reuters reported from hssen. roun( ] c f bidders to take a stake in a new telecommunications company to 
The chairman. Gerhard Crornme, ^ f 0nne d bv the Nicaraguan government, 
did not say how big the 1993 loss M z ... . , , c , c . . 

was. But tiri company had said ear- • United Newspapers PLC. publisher of ihe Express and Sunday Express^ 
tier that ii expected it to total 500 ic said it would buy Hong Kong International Trade Fair Group, which 

Very briefly: 

proved by the EU may not be used 
to win new market shares." 

The steel companies singled out 
subsidies to Italy's 1LV.A. Spain's 
CSf and Germany’s EKO Stahl 
steel companies, saving they would 
add 5 million tons to rollrii steel 
capacity rather than reduce it 

■ Krupp Hopeful on *94 

break even in 1994 after a loss in 
1993. Reuters reported from Essen. 

The chairman. Gerhard Crornme, 
did not say how big the 1993 loss 
was. But the company had said ear- 
tier that it expected it to total 500 ic 
600 million Deutsche marks (about 
S290 to 5345 nhliioaj. 

organizes exhibitions, for an initial S35 million. 

iFX. Blo-vnterz. Kmeh: RidJcr 

Poland Promises It Will Maintain Privatization 

High Point 

Bloomberg Businas fina 

BRUSSELS — Poland, winch 
boasts one of Europe’s fastest- 
growing economies; remains com- 

mitted to bidding a free market those concerns with his comments 
and wdl go ahead with the sale of Thursday, 
state-owned companies to the pri- He said Poland’s gross domestic 
vate sector. Prime Minister Walde- product is likely to grow 4.5 percent 

mak Pawlak said Thursday. 

Just last week, Mr. Pawlak fired 

Finance Ministry officials respon- year shrank 0.6 percent. 

sible for the sale of state-owned Poland and Hungary this week 

companies, arousing concern that beca m e associate members of the 
Poland might reverse its attempts EU, raising their export allowances 
to build al tree-market economy. ti> Wesiern Europe, while reducing 

Bui Mr. Pawlak soothed some of their tariffs. Mr. Deiors has refused 
ose concerns with his comments to set a date when Poland and other 
lursday. east European countries could bc- 

He said Poland’s gross domestic come full members, 
oduct is likely to grow 4.5 percent Mr. Pawlak said it was imperative 
is year after dimbing 5 percent in Poland modernize its infrastructure 
93. European Union GDP last and economy to be able to join the 
ar shrank 0.6 percent. EU but said it could take time. 

Poland and Hungary this week “The talks will advance al snail's 

this year after dimbing 5 percent in 
1993. European Union GDP last 

pace if that is whai it takes 10 ensure free-trade agreements with the Bal- 
that we have standards equal to that tic states and cooperation accords 
of the Union." he said. with the Commonwealth of Inde- 

Mr. Pawlak would not say what pendem States. Reuters reported 
impact existing trade restrictions on ^ rom Paris - 
Polisb exports was having on the Mr. Rexrodt said France and 
economy. Germany must jointly ensure that 

■ T.«J the reform slates of central and 

■ bermazry Calls for Trade eastern Europe are taken aboard 
The Economics Minister of Ger- “the European boat" and said the 

many, Guenter RexrodL called key to their development was trade. 
Thursday for the EU to negotiate not aid. 


Thursday** Closing 

Tables indude tha nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Wa« Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated press 

"(Continued) ' ” 

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GERMANY: Voter. 9 Are Losing Faith in Government. 

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Coutinned from Page 1 

sluggish reaction to economic crisis 
on the very structure of the Ger- 
man political system they have pro- 
moted, which often rewards con- 
flict over compromise and results 
in endless debates on topics of 
questionable relevance while im- 
portant issues languish. 

A frequently cited example is the 
ongoing debate over how to finance 
nursing care for the nation's senior 
citizens, which has totally eclipsed 
initiatives to stimulate economic 
growth and create jobs, the issue 
voters care about zno su 

‘The nursing issue is being dis- 
cussed as if it were the most impor- 
tant thing in the world while unem- 
ployment rises to record levels,” 
marveled Mr. Puf. “The discussion 
is so removed from reality that one 
really has to question what the gov- 
ernment is up to.” 

Many people are asking that 
question — and answering it ihem- 

“Our do-nothing politicians are 
holding their heads above water 
with ties,” said Gaby Krautkr&mer, 
president of a nationwide associa- 
tion of waking women who blames 
the country’s collective leadership 
and “negative media” for the wob- 
bly state of the Goman economy. 

“If nothing changes, the gap be- 
tween rich and poor will keep get- 
ting bigger and there will be no 
more middle class,” she said, add- 
ing, “The voters wfll pass judg- 

How much of Germany’s current 
economic malaise voters attribute 
to the laissez-faire policies of Mr. 
Rexrodt’s Free Democrats, a 
white-collar party of working pro- 
fessionals that has traditionally 
played a kingmaker role in German 
politics, and how much to Mr. 
Kohl's failure to deliver a “no- 
pain” unification will help deter- 
mine the shape of the next govern- 

So far, Mr. Kohl seems to be 
talrinp much of the blame, while 

Mr. Rexrodi and the opposition lacks, all critics agree, is a German 
Social Democrats draw growing if equivalent of the “vision thing” 

nnssu ■« * nrnce us - pra " h ^ 

just 1 2 months, but his party been Many applaud Mr. Kohl for for- S5!, wTv 

in government for much of the las. dgnpolicfScoria^cb astral S 

quarter century, while Mr. Kohl on global trade and European uni- S 

has been chancellor for more than fication, but the widespread public . ’ ^ , These ir 

>0 years. . . perception of a lack of choices on 33^ 

Since German unification in domestic issues reinforces an over- . • nftn 

1990. which Mr. Kohl promised whelming weariness with politics. g“ 

would leave no one worse off iban or PoJinkverdrossenheit, that has r> rififl -nonned wort for sewr- 

before, government transfers to the become the common denominator f Ford 

country's five eastern states have in this year’s election campaign. A( , i ^Ki.-sckner Humholdi 

totaled 150 bilhon Deutsche marks Mr. Puf predicted that the Chris- AG and Klflckner-Himiboid 

(about S85 billion) a year, taxes uan Democrats and Social Demo- 

have risen, the federal deficit has era is together would win 75 percent Workers are calling for raise 

swelled and inflation has soared. of the vote in the October parlia- of up to 6 percent, but hav 
To many Germans. Mr. Rex- memory elections but each lack a said they would accept less i 

rodi’s prediction that a weakening majority lo govern alone, making a job guarantees were provided 

currency and rising exports will grand coalition or other new pew- in Bavaria, the union leads 

lead the economy to a recovery this er-sharmg arrangement neoessarv. Werner Neugebauer called o 
year smack of more hollow prom- Whatever the outcome, “it will employers to set a date for talk 

ises. despite the fact that many in- be a very uncomfortable situation,” “soon, and preferably befor 

dependent economists agree with be said. the end of the week” 


In industrial circles, however. 

Mr. Rexrodt is generally given __ _ 

credit for having Lhe right ideas and ^1; Chief SayS the WOTSt &S Over 
forgiven for failing to gel them put J J 

into effect- Other parties are even Continued from Pace II pact of the rising yen. saying. * 
lock eying to claim his ideas as their pan wdav is a verv high-cost pi 

own. . 4 alysts had urged GM w follow suil fo do business.” He said he thou 

“He’s a eunuch. Mr. Puf said. But Mr. Smith said it was not Af .t,- ,-.311 T an , nev . 


Reuter i 

workers on Thursday staged 
their biggest day yet of nation- 
wide protests aimed at ward- 
ing off employers’ calls for a 
wage freeze. 

The 1G Metal! union said 

176.000 workers in nearly 600 
companies halted production 
for several hours in a fount 
day of industrial action, this 
time at major manufacturers 
including car makers. 

It said the main focus had 
been the state of Nonh Rhine- 
Westphalia. which includes the 
industrial heartland of the 
Ruhr, where more than half the 
stoppages look place. These in- 
cluded an Adam Opel AG 
plant in Bochum, where 13,000 
workers took pan. In Cologne. 

22.000 stopped work for several 
hours at plants of Ford Werkc 
AG and Klflckner-Huinboldt- 
Deutz AG. 

Workers are calling for raises 
of up to 6 percent, but have 
said they would accept less if 
job guarantees were provided, 
in Bavaria, the union leader 
Werner Neugebauer called on 
employers 10 set a date for talks 
“soon, and preferably before 
the end of the week." 

jockeying to claim his ideas as their v-ommueu «v». .1 

own. alysts had urged GM to follow suit. 

“He's a eunuch." Mr. Puf said. But Mr. Smith said it was not 
“He knows what to do. but can’t do vertical integration itself that was 
jj. His sphere of influence in Ger- costing the company money, it was 
many policy making is extremely the management system the com- 
limited" pany used to acquire components. 

He said that when be took over 


Stefan Schneider, an analyst at 

Nomura Research Institute in the company “we were so decentral- 
F rankf im, said that Mr. Rexrodt ized that we had 27 different pur- 
“has to fight not only against the chasing centers in the United 
opposition but also within the gov- Stales." Within two weeks, he said, 
ernmenL” the company centralized its opera- 

Mosl of the blame leveled tions into a single system, and verti- 
against the country's economic cal integration is now an asset. 

1 — j — u:_ r»n, f„u •!>-> “You can imagin e the power of 

leadership falls full on the shoul- 
ders erf Mr. Kohl's Christian Dem- 
ocrats. who control most federal 
ministries and the lower house of 
parliament, and the Social Demo- 
crats. who control a majority of 
German stales and the upper house 
of parliament and hope to gain a 
majority in the coming elections. 

What the country’s leadership 

pact of the rising yen. saying, “Ja- 
pan today is a very high-cost place 
to do business.” He said he thought 
some of the small Japanese car 
companies might not survive. 

Adding to the problems of the 
Japanese automakers, he said, was 
the fact that they are not major 
players in the light-track market, 
which accounts for 38.5 percent of 
all new vehicles sold in die United 
Stales. He called lhe market in ja- 
pan for VJ.S.-made cars “better 
than it used to be,” but said that as 
far as he could determine the cur- 
rent trade talks between the two 

our volume^ Mrismiih said of the famines were going “nowhere/' 

Among points stressed by Mr. 

• He predicted Japanese auto- 

• Mr. Smith said efforts by 
Northeastern stales to copy the 

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maters would increase the number Cali/omia dean air rules, requiring 
of cars they built in the United development of a viable electric car 
States to escape the economic im- this decade, are “kind of nutty.” 

CABLE: Gambling in Britain 

Continued from Page 11 number of cable companies have 
toiy to looking at it as a going con- do “ **1. 

cent,’’ said Bruce Rabuffo, chief op- 
erating officer for Nynex UK. With 
a franchise that covers 25 million 
British homes. Mr. Rabuffo noted 
that eventually his British operation 
could rival in size a large regional 
U.S. phone company. 

As the United Slates moves to- 
ward opening up its communica- 
tions industry, to erasing the regu- 
lations that have long legally 
barred phone companies from en- 
tering the television business and 
vice versa. Britain has become a 

The ability lo offer phone service cnJciaJ ground for compa- 
has also provided the cable indus- nies OJ1 sides of that divide to 

try a crucial marketing tooL 
“Cable companies can knock on 
vour door and say. ‘Please buy our 
system and watch more TV/ and 
people will say ‘Why should 1; it's 
all rubbish.’ ” explained Bill Dix- 
on. an analyst with Dixon Good- 
win & Co. “The telephone system 
allows them to ger their foot in the 
door.” And by offering the two 
hookups for the price of one, a 

hone both Iheir strategies and their 

“1 can do things here that we can 
still only dream of doing at home." 
Mr. Rabuffo said. 

Moreover for the likes of Nynex 
and the other U.S. regional phone 
companies, which are facing grow- 
ing competition for phone service ai 
home. Britain offers the opportunity 
to reverse roles and play upstart. 


Page 14 


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d Okasan Gtebai Strategy — J 176*01 

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0 Gtd N.W. 177* * *J*0 


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0 American Enterprise S 

0 Aslo Thwr Growth * 

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0 European Growth-. S 5660 I 

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w Ctosi A (Aggr. Growth Hal. IS 7*8*760 

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0 JF Japan Sm. Co Tr Y 474n60 

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0 Swiss Bond Fund 6 F 

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0 US Stock Fund 6 

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0 Swta Slack Fund SF 

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0 Japan Slock Fund- Y 

0 German Stock Fund— —DM 

0 Korean Stock Fund S 

d Swta Franc Cosh SF 

0 DM Cosh Fund -DM 

0 ECU Cash Fund Ecu 

0 Star Bna Cash Fund J 

d Donor Cash Find 5 

0 French Franc Cosh — — FF 

w Multiadvisor Forex Fd S 


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d Brazilian Invest Co Slcav-J 3156 

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wLdttoi Amer Extra Ylekl Fd S 116101 

0 Lotto America income Co-S 1105 

0 Latin American HwtalGo-S 1273 

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0 HY Eure Currencies Ecu 17M 

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0 US Dollar Start Term 1 1247 

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d Swiss Multicurrency — — 5F 1867 

d European Currency Ecu IA14 

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Tha Marlnts Moving?* 

An IHT conferencs on global Fund 
monagnmanl, Moich 23-24. 
For data ill, fax Branda Hagerty 
at {4471) 836 07177 

. . * Jf 

For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 33. 

For expert advice on personal investing. 

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Page 15 


Investors Flock to Indio 

A Slew of Securities Sales Awaits Them 

* Compiled by Our Staff From Dtipatcfas 

\ TOKYO —Tax cats of 6 trillion 

g ($55 trillion) a year will be m 
r.for the Japanese economy,; 
itrag gross domestic product by 
about 0.8 percent annnaQy. econo- 
jnists predicted Thursday. 
i Some said Japan's lareest-ever 
tax reduction would hdp me amn- 
fiy acbieve economic recovery ear- - 
Ber than had been expected bat 
Others contended that it would 
merely prevent tbe economy from 

— ■would be retroactive to Jan. I. 

_ “A. planne d tax reduction will 
inflate consampdon, now dwin- 
dling, by, approxnnatcly three tril- 
lion yen," said Robert Feldman, 
director of Salomon Brothers Eco- 
nomic Research. . . 

Mr. Hosokawa said dat to fi- 
nance his stimulus package, by 
some reports wrath 16 triHioD yea, 
he would replace the current ^per- 
cent shies tax with a 7 perani “wo- 
. fare tax” starting in April 1997. 

By Kevin Murphy 

International Herald Tribune 

BOMBAY — These days, international inves- 
tor can hardly gel enough exposure to a reforming 
India. Will appetites still be so keen after a Autry 
of new isutetn the Euromarkets, mdudmgaSl 

“Six trillion yen of tax cuts will . 
pull up the growth rate by 0.75 
percent in the fiscal 1994-95 start- 
big April I, and by 1 percent in 
J 995-96, but it isnot a free lunch,” 
said Hisashi Inoue, chief economist 

pf Nikko Research Center Ltd. ■ 

, There were also warnings on in- 
flationaiy fallout, and there was 
poncem that the stumuha could 
have tbe effect, of slowing needed 
business resturcturing. 

; “The tax reform absolutely lacks 
theideaof bow to reduce the gov- 
ernment expenditure to combat the 
revenue shortfall,” said Temhiko 
Mano, adviser to the president of 
Batik, of Tokyo Ltd. 

F Prior to the announcement of the 

TX 1 l.. , TUm. Ifinw. 

The Finance Muiistiy said that 
-venue of 9.5. trillimi 

of the ^zmual revenue l 

yen from the new tax, 6 ttuBon 
would cover the tax cuts while 1- 4 
trillion would go toward redeeming 
government bonds. • . 

The impact of the new tax on 
government purdiases would ab- 
sorb a further 1 3 triffionyeo wide, 
increased spending on welfare for 
the elderty, the main puiposc of the 
consumption tax introduced in 
1989, would be 800_biffion yen a 
year, the ministry said. . 

The mmisuy said if the tax cuts 

were backdated to Jan. 1, as .Mr. 

Hosokawa proposed, 7 percent 
would be the “towestpossible ralC 

plan on TTnirsday by Prime Minis- 

* JeT-' ~ ' *— 1 

Morihiro Hosokawa, zero 
growth in tbe economy had been 
widely predicted this year. 

' Mr. Hosokawa said the cats — 
induding S3 triffioa in income tax 
hs well as reductions in corporate, 
frwhance and antoxnobOe taxes 

for the new tax, which it said was 
need to. avoid “endless issues of 
government bonds.” 

But the Social Democratic 
the largest in the government w~— 
tion, denounced the plan for tbe new 
tax and threatened to leave the gov- 
ernment unless it was abandoned- 
| XFP, Reuters, AFX) 

company with a monopoly on international tele- 
phone calls in and out of India, settled on two 
investment houses, Salomon Brothers Inc and 
Kletawort Benson Securities, to place a ^ oul ^ 
percent of the company with international inves- 
tors through a global depositary wwpt program. 
The receipts are certificates representing stocks 
that trade on bourses in other countries. 

"The Videsh Sandbar deal, dwarfing anything 
else in the relatively young market fra Indian 
international equities and convertible 
bring seen, by many analysts as a test of market 
depth and as a proxy for overall India investment. 

tq, win be a flagship funding exerase, said 
Prato Shah, managing director of Credit Ratmg 
iSSSadonteSof In&a Ltd. Itwffl m^rean 
impact in international capital markets that every- 
rate will be watching." 

Judging from the $1 billion in net foreign iffvest- 
raemM entered India's domestic Jtt&nwkets 
this year, investors appear convinced India s three- 
yearSdeconomic reform program ^?zymgv<w- 
er. This is despite a trinity erf mlerrets fearful ofi tbe 
future in an open econrany: a masavepubhc sector, 
strong unions, and long-protected industrialists. 

Investors are, if not re-rating India, at least re- 
wdghting their Asian portfolios m that POPJJ 10 ^ 
Si’s favor while analysts descend on Into m 
masse to buBd up often scant researdi fra a host “ 
new dients among country-specific India funds. 

However, many of the foreign investors who 
have government approval to buy Indian, sharra 
-have been reluctant to do so. Wanness of 

—the international offshore financing arenas that 
do not fall under national regulations — which are 
expanding rapidly as Indian companies scramble 
to obtain low-cosi capital. * 

Tbe combination of investor enthusiasm and 
Indian corporations’ desire to raise money to pre- 
pare for the increased competition featuring in 
national reforms has spawned a rash of convert- 
ibles, global depositary receipts and private place- 
ments to approved foreign investors. 

Manmohan Singh, the finance minister, and 
rb Ar avarty Rangara jan, governor of the Reserve 


Bank of India, indicated that while foreign inyest- 
meni flows were causing the rupee to appreciate, 
their greatest concerns were about the impact of 
financing on India’s overall indebtedness 
Not every industrialist isjouung the rush. Some 
believe their companies’ s shares are undervalued 
l *rr , *it j_ - thair ctnbfK. riesmte a 


nriirvc l llflrl* w u — - — — _ 

and are loath to sell down thetf st t^^ eS g^ 

ana are uwui ^ — - 

five-month, 60-paceni rise m the Bombay 
Exchange's key index. . ... 

“Indian companies arc now priced too long m tne 
stock market considering their future potential 

growth," said K.K. Modi, the eldest erf five brothers 
who control a group of family 

approved, and financial advisers camped m the 
Smid Tai Mahal hotel on Bombay’s watenade say 
“ ul .1 jsuuiimi iwwnn are comiM as 

grand Tai Manai own ™ owwaj * — j 

many more global depositary receipts arecommgju 
wdL “Given the demand we’ve seen m the past few 
ndnjwmdd say the VSNL deal would go wdL 
said Avaz Ebrahhn. who manages Indosuezrs Hima- 
lava Fund. “But if the amount of issues continue at 

J . _-n ni*nvnimc d in- 

directly nave ocen inm,uau w - ----- - 

ing systems steers them back to the 

lava ruuu- nui u u**. — - — . 

tteir current pace, we will see then premiums slide 
back to par over the next six months. 

Tbe videsh Sanchar deal, which is expected to 
value the company at about 100 times year-w- 
March 1993 earnings, might seem ambitious, but 
the cranpany is apparently counting on three 
strong sales stories: telecommunications, India, 
andthe concern’s ability to manage fast growth. 

Compiled by Our Siaf rrem ftj-wrete 

SYDNEY — News Corp.. Ru- 
pert Murdoch’s media conglomer- 
ate that was on the brink of bank- 
ruptcy just three years ago, wtd 
Thursday its net profit doubled id 
the second quarter and rose 70 per- 
cent in the first half. 

Profit was spurred by strength m 
the company’s television, airline and 
film units, including a 183 percent 
gain at its Twentieth Century-Fox 
Film Crap, studio. “There's a bit of 
‘Mrs. Doubtfire* in there,” said 
Lachlan Drummond, an analyst at 
CS First Boston, referring to the 
popular film released in November. 

News Corp. said profit in the 
three months ended Dec. 31 rose 
102 percent from a year earlier, to 
522.9 million Australian dollars 
(S373.9 million). The second-quarter 
results included a one-time gam 
from the sale of a portion of the 
company’s interest in the Souih Chi- 
na Morning Post of Hong Kong. 

Not including that one-time 
gain, profit in the second quarter 
rose 32 percent, to 326.6 million 

dollars. „ Q 

Half-year net profit rose to 768.9 
million dollars, or 34 cents a share, 
from 490.1 million dollars, or 30 
cents a share, a year ago. 

News Corp.’s shares on the Syd- 
ney Stock Exchange surged 5 per- 
cent on the results, closing up 5*. 
cents at 10.56. 

British newspapers and the com- 
pany’s free-standing US. inserts 
business were laggards. News 
Corp. has newspaper and television 
interests in the United States, Brit- 
ain, Australia and Asia. 

(Bloomberg, Reioersl 

Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

Straits Times 

Nikkei 225 

WVo'-K o JV.. 

1993 ■ 1894 


1'ON D J F 

1993 ,1»4 


Kong Kong 


Singapore straits Times 

Thursday ! Prav. ' % ■■ , 

Close Ctoee Change 

11,851.10 ' if, 705. 83 4048: 



Sydney ' . AB Ordinaries 

2^80^3 _ 

•7“ 2^4080.: 

MikkBi 225 ■ 2B.1M.K 2 Q.WX*. 

ioicyo ■ "- sr. jvTe 

Kuala Lumpur Compo^te 
Bangkok SET 


1^83.90 . 1.453.44 

1,148.04 .. *0-19 


r^nnasi te Stock 9S 5.02 ■ 57426 - -1.97 

■ . , m'rrr r 4 DA 

Taipei . WeigWeo k « ce7 





Jakarta ’ Stock trwtex • 

New Zealand NZSE-40 

National indax: : 



6^58^1 ; +1-64 

_+oa 8 ' 



2,413.68 . -+OJ67 



CnurnM- RplrfflfS. AFP 

■1,931.46 . JJP 

InLemadofu] HenRI Tribal 


' Bloomberg Basinas Newt 

stock of Malayria’s Construc- 
tion & Supplies House Bhd. 
soared Thursday after the Indo- 
nesian timber magnate Prajogo 
Pangestu proposed to take con- 
trol of the holding company. 

CASH, as it is known, rose 
190 ringgit (51.05) a share to 
close at 835 ringgt in heavy 
trading of 34.81 mflHon diares. 

The company said it would 
buy plywood mills in Malaysia, 
and China and a timber conces- 
aon in Papua. New Guinea. 

from Mr. Prqogo, .vto owns 
PT Bapto Pacific Timber. 
CASH would pay by issuing 
900 miffioti ringgit in shares to 
the Indonesian. 

The takeover would be the 
fiist by an Indonesian of a Ma- 
laysian company. 

Investment analysts -saia tne 
stpti’s reaction helps «pk“J 
why Mr. Pr^dgp wanted CASH 
B 5 a vdnde fra some pf his brad- 
inffl — timber stocks generaDy 
emeratenmreaateniaxt onthe 
Koala Lnnyur exchange man 
ion other regional markets. 

Land for China 

Age tee France-Presse 

LONDON — China has success- 
My soLdlts Iriggest Eurobond issue, 
raising $1 bflEoo, with strong de- 
mand from Aaa and the United 
States, maricet analysts said here cm 
Th.trdkiy. The response from Euro- 
pean investors was mixed, they said. 

The 10-year issue matures on 
Feb. 17, 2004. The price was set at 
99.406 percent with a 6 i percou 
coupon, giving a spread erf 85 basis 
points, or 0.85 percentage pomt, 
Ever 10-year U.S. Treasury issues. 

That yield “was not enough to 
really entice European i nvesto rs, 
said one analyst wno preferred not 
to be identified. 

The issue, announced on 


W ednesday , drew attention to Chi- 
na’s voracicras appetite for cash. 
The Bank fra International Settle- 

meats in Basel, in its report on the 
first half of 1993, said that according 
to Us calculations, China had drawn 
$11 4hfllion in the 12 months u» the 

mkidle of 1993. That comprised new 

of $33 bflh'on and tbe with- 
„ of S75 billion from bank 
its, the BIS said. 
ie global issue meant China 
^piling the bonds simulta- 
neously on the Asian, European 
and U.S. markets. China has al- 
ready tapped the European and 
Asian markets with small e r isaia, 

but this was the first time that Ua 

investors had been invited to sub- 
scribe to a Chinese bond issue. 
“The Europeans seem more re- 


hxetant than others, because of the 
perceived ride that China repre- 
sents for Europeans,” said Tim 
Streeter, head of the Eurobond sec- 
tion at Union Bank erf Switzerland. 

“However, the Americans are 
more used to investing in emerging 
markets,” he said, “and they, are 
quicker to buy the story of China s 
economic takeoff.” 

Globally, the issue “has been very 

successful," said Mark Watson of 
Salomon Brothers Inc. “The Asians 
bought around half the bonds at the 

start of the day, the Europeans and 

the Americans splitting the rest. 

Standard & Poor’s Corp- <» 
Wednesday gave the Chinese bond 
a rating of BBB, the middle of the 

lowest category of bonds consid- 
ered to be investment grade. 

MoodVs Investors Service gives a 
higher rating of A3 to Chmas for- 
eign debt 

S&P still said its rating outlook 
for China was generally positive. It 
said this "reflects the likelihood 
that political and macroeconomic 
developments in China will sup- 
prat progressive, albeit uneven, im- 
plementation of the economic re- 
form program." 

S&P said, however, that “cre- 
ditworthiness remains constrained 
bv recurring episodes c>f e*»nomic 
overheating — as in 1988-1989 and 
since 1992 — and the uncertainties 
related to China’s potentially diffi- 
cult leadership succession." 

. South Korea's Composite MWa - 
government moved to cool i au icklv than the economy is 
seeking to keep prices from Educed the maximum 

KSfrf, S£ SSSi*” cooia 

• South Korea plans to relax forrign-exc^ge laM. on 

to hold 520.000 of foreign currency, up from S^OOU. ana raising 
overseas investments for companies. 

. NEC Conx, Hitachi Ltd. and Toshiba Corp- will 1 halt expanaonofj- 
St^miSom-access memory chip production and boost 16- 
megabit DRAM output instead. . . 

. Tm™. « ofl.nog m aounfhoo 

°SE l cXES& S dlS 

million, up 103 percenL dFX fitr. 

JAL Chooses Pratt & Whitney 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dvptacfta 

TOKYO — Japan Air Lines on 
Thursday awarded Pratt & Whit- 
ney a $440 million contract for 44 
engines for the Boeing 777s that 
JAL has ordered. 

Pratt & Whitney, a unit of United 
Technologies Corp- •« ^ 

PW 4000 series engine over General 
Electric Co.'s series 90 and Rous 
Royce PLCs new Trent 800 senes. 

JAL has ordered 10 of the new 
777s from Boeing Co. and has op- 
tions on 10 more. 

Tbe ca rrier said it had looked at 
reliability, safety, environmental 
considerations and product support 
before choosing Pratt & Whitney. 

“It was always going to be a 
difficult order to win.” a Rolls 
Royce spokesman said in London. 
He noted that JAL and Japan’s two 
other airlines. All Nippon Airways 
and Japan Air Systems, have been 
regular Pratt & Whitney customers. 
With the Japanese stress on long- 
term business relationships, he said 
Rolls Royce faced a major chal- 
lenge. (Bloomberg, AFX) 

3 - 1 . 


Profiles of leading French Companies 

.j • sales breakdown, company back-ground, 
shareholders, principal French 
subsidiaries and holdings, foreign 
holdings and activities, exports, research 
and innovation, 1987 - 1 992 financial 
performance and 1992/1993 important 
developments, strategies and trends. 

French Company Handbook 1993 
is specifically designed for corporate, 
government and banking executives, 
institutional investors, industrial 
purchasers and people who need to know 
about French companies. 

. The 1993 completely revised and 
updated edition contains 132 pages of 
information in English on a selection of 50 
of the most important French compaues, 
as well as basic facts on other major firms. 
Includes information on the 
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introduction to the Paris Bourse, and a 
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* erm& Each profile includes detailed 

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HSPAiIEYIa*21 2737-2118 



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i I 1 I l 1 I l I I 


Knight Loses, 
But Team Wins 

The AsxtKUUed Press 

Dan Dakich is do Bobby Knight 
And for that, Indiana fans are 
probably grateful 
When Knight was ejected with 
two technical fouls early in the sec- 
ond half, Dakich, Indiana's assis- 
tant coach, engineered an 1 1 -point 
rally that culminated in the 14th- 
ranked Hooswns' 87-83 overtime 
victory over Ohio State on Wednes- 

21 seconds into the game, Brian 
Evans, a Hoosier forward, dislocat- 
ed his right shoulder for the second 
time this season. 

No. 7 Kentucky 82, Alabama 67; 
Rodrick Rhodes and Anthony 


day night in Bloomington, Indiana. 

"As the game wore on. particu- 
larly in the last 16 or 17 minutes of 
the' game. I thought the Indiana 
coaching got a lot belter," Knight 
said. “I thought the officiating 
must have been better also." 

Knight has been ejected from 
two exhibition games — one this 
season — and two Big Ten games 
in 23 years at Indiana. Both techni- 
cals od Wednesday night, which 
came 69 seconds apart, were for 
arguing with officials. 

Ohio State {9-20. 2-6 Big Ten) 
made three free throws on Knight's 
tec hnicals and scored on the pos- 
session after each to take a 49-38 
lead with 14:49 to go. After that, 
Indiana scored 10 consecutive 
points to get back into the game. 

The Hoosiers (13-4, 6-2) extend- 
ed the nation's longest home win- 
ning streak to 40 games. 

Pat Graham scored 29 points for 
Indiana, while Lawrence Funder- 
burke scored 29 for Ohio State. Just 

a 12-1 spurt as Kentucky (17-3. 

Southeastern Conference) stopped 
visiting Alabama ( 20-7, 6-3). 

No. 16 Wisconsin 87, Michigan 
State 62: Michael Finley scored 32 
points, 25 in the first half, as the 
Badgers. (14-3, 5-3 Big Ten) play- 
ing at home without their ailing 
freshman center, Rashard Griffith, 
used a conference-record 14 3- 
pointers to bury tbe Spartans < 14-7, 

Marquette 58, No. 17 Atahama- 
Birmingham 54: Roney Eford 
scored 13 points, three on a go- 
ahead shot with 1:24 left, as the 
Warriors (14-5. 6-1) beat via ting 
Alabama-BiimLogham (16-3. 4-2) 
for the second time this season and 
retained first place in the Great 
Midwest Conference. Carter Long 
scored 19 points for the losers. 

No. 18 St Louis H Dayton 75: 
Erwin Claggett, with seven of a 
school-record 14 3-pointers, scored 
25 points as the Btinkens ( 1 7- 1 , 4- 1 
Great Midwest) matched their vic- 
tory total for the last two seasons. 
It was the ninth straight loss for 
visiting Dayton (4-12, 0-4). 

Virginia 73, No. 21 Maryland 66: 
Junior Burrough upstaged Mary- 
land's hearlded freshman. Joe 

No. 900 as 
Hawks Win 

U.S. Cyclist Turns Pro, i 

at 28 


The Associated Press 

By Samuel Abt 

hucnmkmal Herald Tribune 

After a shaky start, NBA victory 
No. 900 came easily for the Atlanta 
Hawks’ coach, Lenny Wakens. 

The Orlando Magic rook a 30-25 
lead, but Duane FerrdTs 30-footer 
as the first period ended started a 
nm as the Hawks pulled away for a 
1 1 8-99 victory Wednesday night. 

“T know deep down inside chat 

BRUSSELS — When Marty Je- 
ff, a job last 



Shaqutfle O’Neal stopped Jon Koncak, but not the Hawks. 

Smith, with 26 points. 13 rebounds 
and 6 blocks as the Cavaliers (12-5, 
6-2 Atlantic Coast Conference) de- 
feated the writing Terrapins (12-5, 

Smith, who was leading the na- 

tion’s freshmen in scoring (20.8), 
blocks (3.6), 

Chris Kingsbury gave Iowa a lift in 
his first start with five 3-pointeis as 
the Hawkey es (9-8, 3-5 Big Ten) 
won at home. Voshon Lenard 
scored 30 points for Minnesota (14- 
7, 4-4), getting 15 in the final 4:25. 

he is thrilled about No. 900,” said 
Craig Ehlo, who also played for 
Wilkens at Cleveland. 

“On the outside, he doesn’t want 

S iu to know. He’s a great coach. 

e has turned several teams 
around. He’s made every team he’s 
coached better. He just loves a 

WDkeos said that “it was nice to 
get it ar home.” 

Fhln and other reserves out- 
scored the Magic, 20-4, in the first 
seven minutes of the second period. 
The Hawks led by as many as 30 
points late in the third quarter. 

mison decided to look for a j< 
summer, he sent out a later listing 
his strengths. 

They were considerable for an 
amateur bicyde racer: in the last 
two years, victories in the Tour de 
Beauce in Canada, the South East- 
ern Qycfing Classic in the United 
States, the Tour de Marie Galantc 
and die Fleche de Locmme in 
France, third places m tbe Tour of 

Shaqtnlle O’Neal got 22 points, 
his 17th strait' 

rebounds (10.7) and 

had a season-low 10 points. 12 re- 
bounds and 2 blacks. He had four 
shots blocked by Burrough. 

Iowa 92, No. 22 Minnesota 88: 
Jess Settles scored 19 points, and 

No. 24 Florida 68, Auburn 67: 
Dan Cross scored 20 points and hit 
a 10-foot jumper with 1:21 left as 
Florida (17-3. 7-1 Southeastern 
Conference) beat visiting Auburn 

straight game with 20 or 
more, bit Orlando teammate An- 
femce Hardaway got only nine. 

Mavericks 92, Tinbenrotrea 88: 
Dallas won for the third tima in 
three **•««* at the Target Center this 
season, as Jamal Mashburn scored 
26 points, but are 1-40 in all other 
games. The only other victoty came 
at home against Sacramento. 

Week, two fourth places and a fifth 
place in stages of the highly regard- 
ed Tour de FAin in .France, time- 
trial victories in tbe Marie Galante, 
the Tour du Guadeloupe and the 
Tour du Martimquej stage victories 
in the Tour d’Emarande and the 
Tour de Lore All antique, a24th 
place in tbe last Tour Da Pont and 
the red, white and blue jersey of the 
U5. amateur road-raring dumpi- 

Balancing all these achieve-' 
meats, howevn - , were Jemison’s cit- 
izenship and 

He is an American, and oyer the 
years few Americans have found it 
easy to adjust to the European 
ways of professorial bicyde raring, 
the distance from home, and tbe 
differences in lrnignay-, food and 
culture. Few also have the neces- 
sary talent: Of the hearty 600 riders 
in the European pack tins reason, 
anty g are Americans. . 

. And he was 28 when he wrote Us 

- Raas, who was 
team from 16 to 22 
same 55.5 miffion L-- 


last year, understood t] 
of hiring the local l 
lives in Salt Late 

WoriRsfect, and for ftepL-r-- . 
work these it's iraportam » haw . 
one American rider on the team. J- 
Raas said. “But it's not ooty far . 
then. I think he has qualities aha . • 
Barrie Jansen, 

■ i - oMv Wp dutn t . 

fidal, putit this way: ! 
lake him on because ne’s an Amen- 

Marty Jeouson: “Fm mature.' 



NBA Standings 

Altanttc DMstan 

W L 



New York 

32 11 




34 18 




21 21 



New Jersey 

20 22 

A 76 



20 25 




18 25 




14 29 

Central Dtvtetoa 




31 n 




30 12 




22 21 




22 21 




19 23 




12 32 




10 33 


21 IS 

Midwest DlvUtoe 

W L 




31 11 



San Antonio 

30 W 




29 15 




20 23 




14 38 




4 40 

Pacific DMuon 




32 ID 




29 13 




25 18 



GoWen State 

24 18 



LA Clippers 

15 27 



LA Lakers 

14 27 




13 29 



tweottierspaan IS) Aotats— Cleveland 32 
[Price ID). Philadelphia 21 (Hprnocefc 7). 
Hn York 23 It 22 IMS 

Washington 23 » 2D 19— «e 

N.Y.: Ocfcley 7-14 4-5 11 13-21 J-4 29. W: 
Gugltatta 7-20 3-4 10, Cnecnev 7-18 1-2 l&Mure- 
Stm 6-11 3-3 IS. RefcoundJ — New York SO (Oak- 
tev. Ewing 12), Weaikigtiai 59 (Duckworth 7). 
Assists — New York 22 (Oakley. Evrfns, Antho- 
ny. Storks 4), Washington 13 (CuBUotro SI. 
lad tana 33 O 27 IS— 134 

Charlotte 17 31 3) 37—112 

1 : 1m Hi 10-11 >4 2X Miller 9-13 3-3 23. Scott |- 
94-521. C: E-Johneon 12-2333 32. Curry 11-201- 
1 27. Reboands— Indiana S> ISmlts. AJDcvts7>, 
Chartolte 34 (HawkH»61. Asslifi iniftaiwM 
[Flaming 10), Charlotte 32 (Baeues 10). 

27 31 18 17-77 
21 17 34 21—04 
S: Schrempf 10-13 M 21, Perkin* 7-1 1 3-3 17. 
B: Fax 7-10 34 17, Brawn IMS 44 24. R*. 
bounds— Saattta 44 (Kemp 11), Boston 43 ( Fin 
9). Assists — Seattle 24 (McMillan 8). Boston ia 
(Douglas 4). 

Danas ii n e 21—92 

Minnesota 34 21 21 23-41 

D: Mashburn 11-22 34 24. Jackson 6-14 7-ia 
19. M: West 7-13 1-3 IS Rider 10-14 1-2 22. 
Rebounds — Dal kn 52 (Mashburn 9). Minneso- 
ta Si (Laettner 9). Assists— Dallas 34 (Jack- 
son 6), Minnesota 23 (Laettner, Will tons 7). 
Denver 21 15 34 31—44 

Golden State 19 24 30 33-97 

D: Elite 5-108-10 10. Abdul-Rou> 5430 13. G: 
Sprewell 0-23 34 21. Mullln e-14 30 22. Re- 
boaadt— Denver 44 (Mularnbo 91, Calden 
State 57 (Owens 101. Assists— Denver 21 (Abd- 
ul- Rauf 7), Golden State 20 (Snrewell S). 

N.C-GreenstMro 06, Wfanthroo 49 
KC-Wllmlngtwi 91, Chicago SL 77 
Old Dominion 105. William & MOT 72 
SW Louisiana 81, Artc-UItto Rock 67 
Tennessee St. 94 Tentk-Marlln 79 
Trw St. 01. Alabama St. 60 
VMI 104 Shencsidoah 77 
Virginia 73. Maryland 46 
Wake Forest 72. K. Carolina St. 40 

Akron 72. MtamL Ohio 40 
Ball St. 75. W. Michigan 40 
BaMrtlno Green 04 E- Michigan 74 
DePaul 95. Lovota IIL 76 
Evansville 8L Vo. C ui r u i i u i i we a lth 73 
lirlnaJs St. 6& Bradley 57 
Indiana 07. Ohio St. 04 OT 
Iowa 92. Mlnnesata 00 
Marquette 54 Ala-Blrmlneham 54 
NE Illinois 101, Trinity. IIL 44 
Ohio U. 07. Kent 49 
SL Louis 74 Dayton 75 
Toledo 7a Cent. Mlchloan 44 
Wlchlla St. S3. Drake Tv, OT 
Wisconsin 87. Mich loan SI. 62 

Okkdmmo 93, southern Math. 84 
Ofctaftoma SL 8a Kmas St. 9> 

Texas A&M 9a Bavtor 74 

Texas Tech 7L Texas Christian 49 

Texas- San Antonio 01 Houston 83, OT 









17 30 4 

Padflc DMstoa 























VSI 149 

Las Angeles 







Son Jaae 
















1 1 2 
1 2 1 


NHL Standings 

Major College Scores 


30 12 21 36—97 
Atlanta 33 30 31 20-110 

O: O'Neal 9-14 4-7 22. Bawtg 6-11 2-2 14 a: 
Wilkins 9-14 7-8 24, Wiib 7-14 4-5 IB. Re- 
bounds— Orlando 42 (O'Neal 0), Atlanta 50 
IKeete 8). Assist*— Orlando 25 (Hardaway, 
Sklles 7). Alkmtu 28 [Blaylock ill. 
Milwaukee » 29 34 39— W 

Detroit 21 23 3* 24-108 

M: Baker 4-12 10-121 8. Murdodk 8-13 6-724. D: 
Mills 11-162-2 24 Dumara7-17M2B. Houston 10- 
21 4-7 JO. RebouoOs— Milwaukee 58 (Baker 161. 

Detroit 45 [Mills 17). Assist*— Milwaukee 34 
(Murdock 9), Detroit 24 I Hunter 10). 
Cleveland 29 27 25 >4-185 

PhUadeiPhta 21 19 31 IV- 97 

C: Daugherty 0-14 >2 IB. Wilkins 9-19 2-2 2a 
P: Weothtnpoon 14-25 3-4 31. Hnmacek t-171- 
1 UL Woolridae 6-1240 18. Rebeeads— Cleve- 
land 44 (Daugherty 101. PhUodetatila 58 


Buckneil 110. Colgate 108. TOT 
Holy Cress 91 Fordhom *9, OT 
Illinois 83, Perm SI. 45 
Lehigh 05. Lafayette 80 
Navy 71, Army 47 
St. Peters 9a Loyola. Md. 87 
Towian St. 09. MrL-BaJHmore County 78 
VUIonovo 59, 5t. John's 56 

Coll, of Charleston 77, Charleston Southern 74 

Ctantson 88. Georgia Tech 69 

Coopin St. 72. Howard U. 40 

Florida 44 Auburn 47 

Forman 84 East Carolina 00 

James Madison 8a Morgan St. 781 OT 

Kentucky 82, Alabama 47 

LSU 77, South Carolina 71 

Mississippi SI. B3. Me, Kmsas City at 

Murray Si. 5). SE Missouri 74 

N. Carolina A4T S3. Wlnsitm-Salem 64 

NY Rangers 
New Jersey 
Tampa Bay 
NY Islanders 

Atlantic Dlvistoo 

W L T Pis GP OA 







70 186 132 
40 177 140 
54 145 133 
51 70S 191 
50 143 159 
44 134 155 
42 149 173 







14 11 

41 181 172 
59 744 U6 
58 149 ISO 
53 166 139 
45 140 179 
41 152 104 
25 134 246 

Central Division 

W L T Ptl GF OA 
Toronto 28 14 11 47 101 149 

Detroit 29 16 5 43 234 170 

Dallas » 19 7 63 191 172 

SI. Louis 26 18 0 40 165 149 


2 1 0-8 

Tonga Bay > 0 1—1 

First Period: D-Kemcdy 5 (SHtagerj; D- 
Prlmeau 16 (Kadav. Fedorov). Second peri- 
od: O-Atvuxcft 2 (Draper. OikHsaa). Third 
period: T-Tucker 10 (Brad tar. HamrHk- 
) .Shots an goal: D Ian Pupae) 14-7-9 — 30. T (an 
Osgood) 12-15-7-34. 

Florida > 1 2-4 

Ottawa 7 • •— I 

First Period: FNIed e rmov er 7 (Smith. Fitz- 
gerald); o-Lamb 10 (Shawl; FSkrudland I 
(Hough, Brawn). Second Period: FNIeder- 
maygr 0 (Barnes. Muratiy). Third Parted: 
F Fitzgerald 12 (Banning, Lowry), (an). Shota 
on goal: F (on Model or] 1V94-24. O (on 
Fitzpatrick) 11-7-13-31 
Buffalo » 1 W 

New Jersey 0 2 0-8 

First period: B-Mogl1ny 21 (Hawerchuk, 
Wood); S-Bedger 3 (May. Plante). iPPlJe- 

NJ.-Mlitan 13 (Nledarmayer, 

Stevens); B-Bodeer 4 lAudettt, Mooiinr); 
Ua i). NJ^McKey * CHoiik. Peknol. Stmts on 
goal: B (on Brodevr) 14-104-27. NJ. (on 
FUhr) 6-10-T2 — 30. 

Hertford 1 0 1-2 

Montreal 4 3 3-9 

First Period: M-Bellows 21 (Muller, Deslar- 
dlnst; (pc). MMtdler 11 rBrksctxds. Dam- 
phausse); (aa). H-Janssene 2 (Cun- 
nevwortti); ilASdmeWer ■ (Odetata); M- 
Damphausse 19 ( Ca rbonnocu. Odetata). 
Second period: (WPetrav 10 (Muller, Deteor- 
dins); AA- Schneider 9 [DlPletra. Odetata) ; 
(as). M-Keane 12 (Dtanne. Dantahousse). 
Third Period: iWDamahouMe a (Odetata, 
Carbomteou); loo). 1H-Z o la n e kl 7 {Vertm k ); 
INLOIonne n (OdeleJn) JboH oa goal: H (an 
Ray) 144-11—38. M (an Reese) 16-144—31 
Washington 1 1 4-4 

Philadelphia 1 1 0-3 

First Parted: W-Hotctwr 9, P-undroe 24 
(Colley, Roctael-lBrtJgeagd Period: P-Rac- 
ctil 27 [Undras. Ranbera); W-Huntar3 IBort- 
dra. Anderson). Third Period: W-Peafee 9 
(Miller. Gate); W-Kanowaichuk 4 (Cote. Ber- 
ube); W-Krvoter 9 (Rhflev, Khrtatich]. Shota 
on goat: W (on Roassel) 1M4-15-49. P (on 
Beauara) *-*-9—23. 

First Parted: 1, N.YRnneari. TOdccann 19 
(Messier. Zubov); Z MYlstandera Krona 4 
(Hogue. Metev). Read Period: X NLYte- 
londera.TliainaslS(Ntalahfiotf,Moley); (aa). 
4. N-YRanaers. Graves 31 (Kovalev, Messl- 
1 rj; & ULYRongen. Graves 32 (Mew tar, 
Laetch). (PP).THrd Period: A kViaodn 
Mclnnta 14 (Kosaaralita. Green); 7, NLYR- 
anaers. Graves 33 (Lormnr. Montar]; 6 
N-Ytalonderv Ferrara 11 ( King, Krogpl. Skats 
eg goal: KY. Islanders (an Rkhtar) 4-15-13- 
3-07. N. Y. Rangers (an Heston) 7-1574-31. 
Da Dos 4 2 V— 7 

Winnipeg 2 # 1—3 

First Parted; o-tciatt 10 (Medm.Datiten); 
D-GIkhrtet 12 ( Ktaft Madm) ; (pa).W-Shan- 
non 0 (Steen, Ysebcert); (pb). W-Ecgtas 2 
(Tkadiuk, Ulanov); D-Evaon 10 (Datttan, 
Gaaner); D-Modcmn 30 (Dalden. Watt). Sec 
sad Parted: D-McPhee IS (Evasoro Caval- 
Hn!); D-Gegner 17 (N. Brotwv P. Braten). 
Third Ported: WStmn 15 (Boutin, UtanovJ: 
[pp). ID-Modm SI (Klatt, covolllnl). shots 
Oa goal: □ (on Essensa OKefli) 134-5-21. W 
(an Mooo) 7-10-15-32. 

2 2 0-4 

0 S 3-4 
First Period: [_A.-ReMtaDte 39, LJkrSiolte 
13 (S ondel ram. Granofo). Secead P erio d : E- 
Oger It [Carson. Arnett); LA. -Gretzky 25 
(KufTLZhltniU ; E-Weteht 15 (Olouasan); E- 
Corsen 21 (Mo c Tuvtah. aoor); l_A.-Kuo1 21 
(BkdcoZMtniiO.ThM Ported: E-Otouason4 
( D ea rs , doer): tPP). C WoCTaddi 13, 1E- 
Atoc Tavlsh M (Manser?), ten) sheta m oori: 
Los Anodes (on Hanford) 10-1M— 30. Edmon- 
tw (on Hrudey) 3-14-11-00. _ 

CMtxso '1 2 i:< 

Vaucuover _ _ 2 2 1:4 

First Parted: V-RormlngU (Mtarvoasc);C- 
Noonon 12 (QWlos. Murphy); (pa).V-Himtar 
2 (McIntyre. Odllck); V-Romlng 14 
(Momaan,Oajrtnall).Saeaod Petted: V-Un- 
den 27 (CnurtnoiL Lumme) ; («a>). CChellae 
11 (ta Sutter] ; C-Poulina (Roenkfc. Kucara) ; 
V-Bore 20 (Bobyeta GetfauJ. Third Parted: 
V-Conon 6 (Bure, Dirk); IC-Noonon T2 (Pou- 
llo. RoenhSO. Shots oa goel : C (an McLnanj t 
57-14 V (on BeHour) 1*74—28. __ 

0 2 7-2 
First Patted: C-Nleuwondyk 32 (DahloutsL 
Wnuj.Sgagd Parted: A-Sacee 4 (Ladoacour, 
Wi AHan) ; A-Yaka 14 (Grimson) ; G-Robarta 
2LTl*d Parted: C-Raictial 21, C-ftakM 22 
(Rsberts. Keorner]. Shota aa goal: C (on 
Toonum 5-14-12 — 14. A (an TrefBov, Kidd) 9- 
1 77 — a. 


RnauSsThorsdoy tram tbe womens magnis 
event In La Ctemi, Frara: 1, candtee Gta 
Franca, 34(7 points; % RtwhaoHa Monad. 
Franca. 21 Ji; l Petra Ntaroder, lfetlv,2149;4- 
Branwan Tbomov Conodo. 20JZ 1 5, Gane- 
vieveFemtwOgMdB.19J2;4RDehnelSavt1h ' 
United States. 19J4; 7. Anne Dowfaa, United 
Slates, 1476; 4 Yvonne Sedan, Germany, 
1747; 9b Makr Schmid, SwRatekaiA 479; KV 
Marta DnM6 Australia, 1414. . 

1 ( alt a r m r «n events) Ur 

1: 1. Donrw WelobracM, 

United STuteL 400 Potota; 2. Glte, 5101 3. TaS- 
Iona Mmermayer,Gcrmny^12i48thia Use 
H u fte s tmL Norway, 512; 5. Anne Baflelte. 
United StatB4 464: 4 Manod. 400; 7. Thomas, 
392; 8, Monxter.356; 9, Anne Cattdin, Fnmco, 
331; Mb U« Me Intyre, United Stutav334 

Raeutts from the mente megefseveatte La’ 
aoBn l, Edgard Graaptron, Franca, TIM 
points; 2, Joun-Luc Brassard, Canada, Js^li 
3b Anthony Htmenr, France, 2571; 4 Fobricn 
Oualer. Fran, 2532: & PatHen Bertr an d. 
Franca; 25D4; 4 Stephana Rodion, Canada. 
3471; 7, DomlnkSc Gartbtar, Canada. 3U2: % 
FaMen Cattma Franca, 2L5D; 9, Bruno Ber- 
trand, Franca, 2244; Mb Petadi Mosar, 8wft- 
xartand, 2151. 

wrta Cap Ifcw ma o s ta the moeTevaefil, 
Gnmkran. 572 points; 2. Braasord. 556,-3, Ser- 
ouel Stamteteov, Ruedn, SCO; 4 OHvtar Cotta, 
Franca, 494; 4 John Smart Ciaioda, 300; 4 
Jargon Paalarvi, Sweden, 370; 7, BertReat 
348;40Uvtar Altamona PranoA340;9,Semi 
Sndth, Untted Statob 2S2; IflbGautMar.SN.- 


Coventry 1, Ipswich 0 


Pormo Z Mltai G OT 
Forma won, 2-1, an agg r agata. 
Ruario 4 Mexico 1 

Alax Amsterdam 3k RKC Woatwflk 0 
HAC Breda Z Rocfci JC Kerkrade 1 

Sevilla 1 , ftaal Zaragoza 1 
Real Zaragoza wan. *2, an aggregate 
Catto vtao 5b Real Oviedo 0 
Cotta Vigo wen, 5-1, an a ggrega te 

letter— an uncommon 

a professional carets', 

-amaienrcdoat 22 oar 231 
But not. many amatems have 
such an imposing record, and tbe. 
letter woribed. J emis rm. who will 
turn 29 mi' May 18. is now a first- 
year professional with the Word- 
Ptafcct team, which is based in tbe 

“I know he’s 28 years old,r said 
Jan T Raas, the WordPerfect direo- 
tor of qxnts, manapng to look du- s 
bioos and unconcerned at the same 
time. “I saw him in tbe Tour Dn 
Pont, and! ibink he’s a good rider. 

I hope bell be asefoL” 

Janisan sounded mare poative 
when hfr age was mentioned. . 

think ifs great, I realty do,” he. 
said recentiy at tin team's formal 
. presentation in a hold in Brussels. 
**I believe Tm mature, I’ve gone to 
school so I can leave tint forest.- 1 
see a lot of riders wbo turn pro at 
an early age and they have anxieties 
about what tfaeyU do after cydmg 
without a college degrec. rm com- 
forlable witii where Tm at” 

Born and reared in Salt Lake 
City, Jemison began racing only at 
age Zl. “Part-time,” he said^ “as 
serious as I could while finishing- 
scbooL^Hehasa bachelor's degree 
in economics from the University 
of Utah. 

After graduation, he camefo Eu- 
rope andraced foe three years with 
French amateur dobs, the last two 
yean with Chiieaubriant. 

“Qdteaubriant gave metfie op- 
portunity to race virtuafly any race- 
I wanted to,” Jeunson said. "They 

were wilting to take a ride based an 
my good results my first year in 
France. And right away I started 
raring very well.” 

That gave him confidence mHs 
ability to survive far from home. *1 ' 
think Tve managed to do it and ! 
tbinlc Tve managed to do lt very 
wall,” he said. “A lot of American 
riders never adapt, and they end Bp 
going baric home.” • 

WordPerfect, the computer 'soft- 
ware maker, is based in Utah, 
which did not hurt Jemison's 
chances of hwfag a job when he 
sent out his letter. - - - 
“A lot of things feH together for 
me," he said. “1 seat my porticOo 
to Jan Raas in Holland and to the 
WordPerfect office in Utah just be- 
fore the world championships and I 
explained that Fd follow up with a 
phone call after die championships. - 
And I did thaL" Hefiniriied20th in 
that race in Oslo last summer.. 

“I had this very, vexystrtmg fed- 
iug about Wordftrfect, and I made 
sure die directcBS saw utyiendts and 
had a feeting for nty amhstious,” 
Jemison continued- “I gave it 100 
percent effort and it paid off.” 

can. He happens to bean Amm- ; 
can, but he’s also U.S. national,. 

champion and ai good dimber. ■ 

in the botd lobby_ after \ 
the team preentatfop, Jemifoapqp- • 
rirmed tiwi he does ctimb wdl a^ * 

a speriahsL Nor docs he consider . 
Tmnsdf a time-trialing spedaEst * 
despate three victories as an ama- . 
tear in the race against the dock. 

What he is, he ejqtiained as a ; 
fwi-Tail pianist knpiobably began • 
to jday for the hinch crowd, is an • 
all-arounder with a preference for ; 
long and tough races. ... • 

•Thafswity I wasn’t realty inte^ [ 
ested in riding for an American . 
team,” he said. “I wanted to be part > 
of & professional team in Europe ] 
because I racebetter in Europe, Fm . 
more motivated. 1 tio better in ’ > 
learner, harder races. 1 find more 
motivation when I see others fade, > 
and you only see that in the longer * 
European ra(xs.l love stage races, 1 ’ 
really do.” . • 

- Despite thm affection, he will ) 
not be raring for WcffdPdfect , 
wfam it sends twri ri^U-man semads ■ 
to the first stage races oa its calen- \ 
darj.the Ruta dd Sol in Spam and ■ 
tiK Tour M6£terrandenln France, } 

g fflrfing Rgtrmfay tnirf nirmfng , 

for aa days and. Instead Jennsoa i 
wfll begin his ’ paicfessicnal career J 
witii a onxxlay race, the QasacHar- k 

iboin France, in mid-Ftibniaxy. ■ 
His first stage :race win be the ] 
Tour of Valaxaa in Spain later in • 
the month, and, Raas said, if .Je- J 
mason does wril thcrevhe may ride i 
in Fari^-bBce eaity in Maich. : . - < 

DuFoiri^kuse^greattolKre * 
an American on the tram' when 
vouYe there,” Raas said Hat race « 
ls sritedided fat 10 days in Kfoy^ | 
Bnt, added Raa^ “We have 22 « 
riders on flie tram, so he has to be j 
good ax bpstsys at hamc. Just like - 
the otiiers. I^s acase of String for 
tiidr places.”; ■' V 

Janisan said he accepted those 
terms debate the pressure to per-* 
form almost instantly. “Ifs a good 
press ure,” he added, good to 
have some pressure. 

“As a neo-pro, part of my iw- 
sponabflitks are to help other rid- 

ers win races. Ihafs a first priority. 

,1 do have- ’ 

In die back of my nmd,T « 
ambitions to win' a . race i^ysdL' 
You have to win races to get a * 
contract far the following year.” ** 

At age 28, going on 29 at the start 
of his career, he has simply a one-.' 
year contract and no promises.-! 
“Ifs qufte scary,” Jeunson admit- . 

“I want to race professional for' 
more than tltis year. I want to do it 
as tong as I ran progress, and that._, 
can be two, three, five years.” His , 
cmiet voice rose above tiie tinkle of ; 
the piano. “Maybe, out of thebfae^ 
IT! win a race.” .1 




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Pace 19 


Thousands Mown 
As Mater Is Buried 

The Axtodmed Press ' 

VIENNA— Ski-mad Austria bid 
day -to. Ulrite Make, the ’‘doing mom” who died 
aftcrbreakmg her nock during a race last wcriksncL 
' ThCTBands'of-peb^'iadnslai tearful team- 
males, ski officials, neighbors and fans flodrcd to' 
the funeral in Makar's native Kauris, a snail town 
near Salzburg where her father ram a rid scbooL 

Austrian trainers carded the wooden coffin 
through the streets to the church in wbbsegraw- 
yard she was buried. Meier’s longtime, boyfriend, 
Hilbert Scfaweighofer, walked behind bat thdr 4- 
year-dd daughter, Melanie, was not present. She 
still has not bfem told of her mother’s death. . 

In Sfcara Nevada, Spam,Worid Cop women 
skiers tod a 10-mhmle manorial service. 

UlE, as the two-time world Soper-G champion, 
was laMJwn,was'pexhai«themoril>«dc»ved of; ausE 
slant in this Alpine nation, where triumphs 1 are a 
source of national pride. 

"The shock sits deepT the best-selling Neue 
Kronenzeitung, noted 

The Superf 

By Barbara lAoyd 

. . New York 'Tlnw Seme* 

NEW YORK — The death of the veteran 
downhill skier Ulrike Maier of Austria has 
Taised tpjestkms about the equipment skiers 
use today. 

Are modem dds the equivalent of the over- 
acted racket, tbebreatahrough m 

that changed forever the way a ball is served? 
And more important, are the new skis too 

really arc. The races arc so dose, and the 
athletes are competing on such a fine line ot 

^Sed, a World Cup downhill racer 

changes skis the way Formula One dnvffs 
change spark plugs. Ine top skiers travd wth 
their own ‘fiiech reps,” equipmaU 
tune the skis and check the bindings every 
□me an athlete steps off the snow. 

Design innovations have increased down- 
hill speeds in the last five years from abCHtizu 
to 145 kph (75 to 90 mph) for men, and from 
95 m 120 kpb for women. 

ssvss' ss NoSr c wm ” “ 

whisked by tbc pole with an extreme whiplash competition last year, 

motion, and hii her head on ihc snow. Af complained that the 

Still, speed is an issue, Tauber said. There female downmu was loo 

is no question we're pressing the envelope of course, design speed j:j m gttnw 

He said it was wrong to change the womens 
downhill for the Olympic Winter Games m 

what ibesc bodies can do/' 

But H3arv Lindh, 24. of Juneau, Alaska, 
who won her first World Cup downhill 
Wednesday, wants no part of speed control. 

The 1992 Olympic silver medalist said in a 
telephone interview from Spain, “The down- 
hflHssupposed to be fasL Otherwise it should 
be called something else." 

casy.Instracuui^^a^--'----— -r , 

them to ski a shorter version of the men s 
downhill course. , „ „ . 

Clmstin Cooper, a 1984 U5. Olympic silver 
medalist in the giant slalom, has seed the 

LiHehammer course, and disagrees- 

“It was so flai that if it snowed on race day, 
the women would be siandmg up as if they 

said that it never occurred to her that she 

could die racing. , , . . 

“It's a very scary dement of a spou^ail 

never thought of as Ufc-ihrratcnin&, McKin- 
ney said. “It never entered my toad. 

It was something that happened on the 
nii's^uSeMid. which was always more 

Ch Pertiapsfas the Italian racer Alberto Tomba 
viewSe only way to avoid disaster in the 
downhill is to ignore it altogether, 
you go down, you never 

you are going to meet up with, Tomba said 

recently. ^Then you have on a sta suit ^that 
. T jifcwue, >trs 

the "women would be standmg up as u tncy way. Likewise, it’s 

^£S^S^JtSLa^ M? 

^aasS-cs: s^ssssbss 

*T\ cy Federation. 

an maum abwuwa SlUTO at the thought 
-The eqtripment isso good now ihat you go 
into tons al 90 mfles an hour and eap^to 
come out," said Dan Smobean, VS prodtxct 
= manager for Fischer, the Austrian ski manu- 
facturer. “Skis today are really easy to use. 
They gp faster, and the? tum_eaaer- 
But, S fftwr"” 11 contends, there is a marc 

Her nnuncs, saw ^ r :.~ 

dml of the International So Federation. 
Tauber, president of Marker ski bindings m 
Salt Like City, was women’s coam for tne 
US. Ski Team from 1967-72. 

Maier spun out of control Saturday m the 
downhill World Cup event at Garmiscb-Par- 
teninchen, Germany. „ _ 

“It was a whole lot of bad luck, T®*®" 

French ski manufacturer, saw mat ure sp™ r-~ le „ w UW4 — . r— . „ , __ 

needs som grits. But sb deagn is not part of ^& lcvgy n^t doeraT work The answer a statement 

Mameds remedy. . „ in selling guideSnes within the nature of * Thursday in Serra Nevada, Spain. 

“Yon cannot slow down dje tec^doff. g MlIIS es that nm” 

™ St speed is to design the course for in 1989, letes," the statement added. {Reuters) 


77 >.T;. . .Oj ^ . 



Harding’s Still Waiting, 
Kerrigan’s Set for Gaines 

__ „ . WRiMilna come scribbled notes and dootfle 


* 5 



r n T FH AMMER. Norway 
Three Olympic volunteers re- 
coved minor injuries when a row 
collapsed - under the weight of 
aiow at the hood where members . 
of .the. International Olympic 
Conmnttee wDl stay dating the 

Games. • • . ^;V ' ofthe 

five-star Lfllehammcr Hotel, 
where IOC President Juan Anto- 
nio Samarandi and other officials 
are booked,- said Thursday that 
wadras clearing mow off the ho- 
ld roof had not realized they were 

showdmg. it an to the temporary, 

plastic roof of a garden died. 

“Unfratunaidy. three volun- 
teers were standing in there hav- 
ing a smote, and 'the roof col- 
lapsed," he said. . • ... 

They were takoi to a hospital 
and treated, he sad. 

“One had an ankle iigmy and 
the other two had’ aoatdia and 

hnrises. The stnow was very heavy, 

of course." ^ 

Laiduanmer has been hit by 
record snowfall during the rmwip 
to the Games that start Feb. 12. 

(AP, Ratters) 



Harding practiced as usual at a 
shopping mall rink, falling the first 
two times she tried her trademark 
triple axel 

Jeff Gfflody, her former hus- 
band, pleaded guilty Tuesday to a 
chaise of racketeering in connec- 

some scribbled notes and doodles 
that included the words, Tunee 
Can Arena, Cape Cod" on one 
>e and “Tony Kent Arena, S. 
amis. Cape Cod" on another. 

It could corroborate GiUoolys 
account of how Harding called a 

j fit- *•••»&*<& ">fa 

V -if j ■ ■ Av* -j, •' 

" • a'xV“- • 7 

l- ' 


•f. " 4«. V • 


Compdedby Our Staff From Dispatcha 

PORTLAND, Oregon — U.S. 
figure skating champion Tonya 
Harding practiced again Thursday, 
for an Olympics she may not get to 

compete uuwhile for Nancy Kem- ^r^ c r ^ rac kaeering in connec- account ot now niuuu.B - 
STiri^to the Games in Lille- STSSEltaSm has skating ^ V« 

Lmer, Norway was now certain. charged, but Gillooly said find out Kemgan stomCfaddr^ 

“If there were any doubt or any V w involved, and lied to and practice schcd>deb“0 
questions about Nancy Kerri gan s ^ involvement from authori- aborted attraqi 

dealing condition, she answered ““ Massachusetts. ll „ J 

them For os this afternoon.” Chuck -pjj C Multnomah County deputy 

district auorney. Norman W. 

Frink, said he would neither ara- 
firm nor deny a report that Har- 
ding wiD be charged next week. _ 

“There have been no final dea- 
sions made in this matter,” he said. 

Frink said the investigation 
probably would continue another 
week or two, and grand jury pro- 

.. *11 n—l.. I.h nfinlKw 

rnr us mia ai iwuvw 

Foster, secretary of the US. CHym- 
pic Committee, said after watching 
Kenigan skate Wednesday m a 
dosed session at the Tony Kent 
Arena in South Dennis. Massachu- 

“We expect that she is going to 
do very well in Norway." he said. 

Kerrigan performed her lechm- ui ^ . 

cal long and free-skaimg pro- ^ likely last another 

grams, displayingjumps, spins and v/eek aflcr thaL . 

choreography for the panel erf four ogjocty met for two hours with 
figure-skating judges convened to pgj investigators Wednesday, but 
assess her physical status. They Friflk Penned to characterize the 
concurred that she was fully recov- nftmtL n( the interview. 

ered from the Jan. 6 attack that . fiv^member figure-skating 

Gillooly said Marano called 
back while the couple was out, leav- 
ing a message on their answering 
machine. They couldn’t under- 
stand it. 

“Gillooly said it sounded some- 
thing like Toby Can,"* his state- 
ment to the FBI read. “Gffloobf 

said that on the same day or shortly 

after that, Harding talked to Vera 
Marano ... Gfflooly heard Har- 
ding say, ‘SpeO it out,’ and Gillooly 
watched Harding write, ‘Tony 
Kent Arena."' 

In Washington, a former con- 
gressman said that President Bffl 
Clinton believes Harding should be 

until nmven 

J* 6 anadt to. ^ fl vc-mcmbcr ngurt-skadng C— 
kept her from competing m the which will determine if Har- pr»umed mnocent un P 

UiSgLm toting dmap.oMhip. ^ bracbe d to OS. 8^9^ R cs( . nu uv C Tom 

m Detroit. _ . Skatnm Assoaanon s code of eth- Former Kep Presi- 

One Ey& Gold, Ons 


By Ge6rgc Vecscy 

. . Hew Yorkllaes . . _ 

MILWAUKEE ^ fa «railn« - 
Qkc Norway mid. the Netheriands, 

where specdsktoraiue 

^ec^de ton and gp* at Bomne 

r are polite about it, m their - 
«jly cxodlatt En^iah, bill 
they let he* know they recognize 
ha as the winner of three Olympic 
gold medals. She drinks *e Hkes 
the attention. ■ 

“It’s very mnqne,” JBlan saadre- 
“Thcse! ’ 1 "* 

There are no dwreewaptera. 
Hie arc. designed ™ lab- 

oratories far speed, not in bou- 
. tiques for fashion. - • 

There is no ballet nrasic yfced 
together in a fonr-minirtc medley, 

- rTT 1. InmaHr tlrslm letlt- 

in 1992 1 opted not to gp- 1 knew 
vrtnd it meant by then. In 1994, I’ve 

got an ideard Eke to go agam. but 

part of it depends ot whether I can 

at down ot stand." 

She has been training for two 

hm I don’t know what I win do shank, four years her junior, are 

with it," she said. “In al5OTtto 8 pl “ JUT,ed : n 

rive back to sports, bml don* Blair laughs at *e gosm-. T 
faww what that role wiD be — ad- don’t know anything about it, sm 
ministraiive, coaching. Speed skat- ^d. “It’s great that W bto 
' of my life." friend understands you and ^ou 

together in a foor-minutc medley, She^has bcentrainmg 


ennnong, ™ . mwnonKs back seale down m Miiwanitcc. Games. She goes to Norway to race 

• Kirf Rntmie ffisar 

uimuuHu,^ O’ -c ... r 

ing will always be part erf my lue. 

She does know that her motto 
in Illinois is throwing a few toad 

Uivuu U 

understand him, but tnats 

Uffig uivowiwm , 

L/euuiu . s kating Association s code ot etn- 

“Whal we saw was not only good ^ ^d it wiD reconvene Friday to 
physical condition with a high level delcrmil j C whether a disciplinary 
of stamina, but her mental condi- proCedure for Harding is necessary, 
tion was very good,” said Kamleen The FBL meanwhile, was exam- 
Kelly-Cutone, another of the j. ^ paper , found m a 

judges. . POTUand restaurant’s trash bm, 

Kenigan lost to chance to quat- ^ ^d back up Gilloofy’s asser- 
tfy, with Harding, for me U.b. diat Harding was involved 

Olympic team because of the injury ^ 5^ in setting up the 

inflicted on to right leg. But be- aUflck OT Kenigan. 
cause of her lop standing betore tnc ngjo^y has told investigators 

attack, figure skatog officials put ^ final authority for 

Kenigan on the VS tom anywy. “J^be carried out, and 
as long as she could shew shews tdcp hone calls to pin down 
physically and mentally Gt 10 com- j^J^bome address and prac- 
pete. . vhedule at Tony Kent Arena, 

Former Represenuuye Tom 
McNGQen, a co-chair of the Presi- 
dent's Council on Physical Fitness, 
told “CBS This Morning" that he 
and Clinton discussed the case 
Wednesday and “the feeling the 
president had (was) that Tonya 
should be given the benefit of the 

“We talked about the presump- 
tion of innocence that our system is 
all about — that someone is inno- 
cent untQ proven guilty, said 
McMfllen, a former Olympic bas- 
ketoU player. 

iw tagm egg ‘■SfflSfflSiii »jNg - 

'iS?S£ffs52ft5t it »dd « mj »; K 

mg 1 ' style, they 
they know yon m street clomes. 1 
can stfll go abool my.busmess^bot 
ifanicn" - . 

People db not tom ^d^t^ 

her naghbOThood near Milwankoe. 

Some recognize 



shefikea the anooymity.toa 
" “Midbad Jordan can't go to the 

Hocesy store,” ste said ^Notonety 
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Bonme Blair also oonf^»ttot 

while she a msbii« throng toe 
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haven’t gone 

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skater screaming to be set 
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about the nasty business of some- 
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the knee, putting her out 01 the 
chanqriobriiros in: Detroit 
a few weeks ago, while Blair was 
I in her tune trials m Mii- 

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die has no imagp of what it could some P re1 £L?S? B ^andS ^SwithoutmudiprotoBtto 
be Kke if she wins two more golds, hraroig^c^^i Sd Cnrik- she hears otto clocks udang, toa 
T definitdy fed very fortunate, otto speed skater, uaviu 

Kenigan is to skate in a chanty 
event Friday night at Northeastern 
University in Boston, in her first 
public performance since the at- 
tack. She declined to answer ques- 
tions after Wednesday’s session. 

tice schedule at Tony Kent Arena, 
where, originally, the assault was to 
take place. 

Among the scraps of paper 

turned over to the FBI was an enve- 
lope addressed to Gillooly and 


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“ ' • nl/.i — .■»* aik.” 

Page 20 



Bullish on Prisons 

Classics or Jazz: Why Not Both, Together? 


Germane Greer Opens 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — Get inio plas- 
hes. the dreary old erown-up 

1 N tics, the dreary old grown-up 
advised Dustin Hoffman in “The 
Graduate,'* and young men every- 
where laughed.' I wasn't quite 
young enough to get the joke. 

The dreary old fellow was simply 
tipping Dustin on a good capitalis- 
tic enterprise, wasn’t he? 

This was surely sounder advice 
than Horace Greeley's “Go west, 
young wan, and grow up with the 
country,” which people have lis- 
tened to without laughter since 
Greeley issued it in 1850. 

Unlike getting into plastics, go- 
ing west plunged American youth 
into the degrading world of federal 
dependency, for Gredey's west was 
the ultimate handout state. 

The U. S. Army disposed of in- 
convenient Indians for Western- 
ers. The government gave them 
(and incredibly cheap , when not 
free. Western cattle, agricultural, 
mining and timber industrialists 
still enjoy big-hearted federal sub- 
sidies in the form of cheap rents 
for culling, digging and using pub- 
lic lands. 

By contrast, a young man getting 
into' plastics was the very model of 
the entrepreneurial spirit so highly 
cherished today. 1 urged my own 
children to do it. 

I pointed out that with millions 
of young Americans laughing along 
with Dustin at the idea of getting 

where they invested their fortunes 
and cellared their wine as soon as 
they learned that Florida law shel- 
ters the bankrupt from importu- 
nate bill collectors. 

It was 1967 when Dustin was 
advised to get into plastics, and the 
business picture has changed a lot 
since then. Nowadays if I wanted 
to point him to a sure-fire growth 
industry, Td say, “Dustin, get inio 


By Mike Zwerin 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Lalo Schifrin did not feel 
comfortable telling (he guys he 

The intense political pressure to 
lock up bad characters forever is 
going to create business opportuni- 
ties that most people, including the 

S ilitidans. have not yet foreseen, 
ere’s how: 

into plastics, plastics were going to 
be bard pressed to find bright 

young workers. This meant plastics 
would probably pay top dollar for 

would probably pay top dollar for 
entry-level jobs in a field where 
fortunes were sure to be made. 

My children laughed. Why 
should they face the rigors of capi- 
talistic competition, they asked, 
when they could go west, get into 
California’s defense-industry co- 
lossus and live off the federal dole 
handed out by the Pentagon? 

And look what happened to 
them: After working their way to 
the top of multibillion-dollar de- 
fense industries, they used to enjoy 
coming east to taunt their father 
about his taxes bong used to buy 
their Lamborehinis. Chateau La- 
tour and South American ranches. 

Now the joke's on them, because 

they are as bankrupt as the rest of 
Gau/braia. This means they have to 
live on their vast Florida estates. 

The idea of locking them up for- 
ever is so exhilarating to the voters 
right now that they are forgetting 
that forever, as the old song says, is 
a long,, long time. 

The average bad character who 
goes over for good this year at age 
21 will probably still be m the joint 
50 or 60, and in some cases 70 yeans 
from now. This means that by the 
year 2050 prisons are going to be 
swarming with geriatric cases. 

The average prison wQl then con- 
front all the nightmarish problems 
now dumped onto retirement and 
nursing homes, plus a few more: 
prisoners who are incontinent, all 
memory gone, unable to walk or sit 
up unaided or feed or bathe them- 

This isn’t exactly what politi- 
cians and public now have in mind 
when cheering for prison eternal, 
but they are soon going to be stuck 
with it, and a young go-getter can 
make a fortune by getting in on the 
ground floor of businesses that will 
eventually be needed to cope with 

Needs will include: vast quanti- 
ties of privately supplied in-prison 
geriatric nursing and medical coun- 
seling; sound amplifiers for cells of 
Alzheimer's patients so that con- 
stantly repeated recordings can re- 
mind them where they are and why 
they are being punished. 

Later, when the public rebels 
against the expense of keeping de- 
crepit crocks in prisons, there will 
be pressure to house them in low- 
cost halfway nursing homes until 
Congress decides what to do next. 

Get into prisons, young man, 
and make your fortune in old cons. 

IT comfortable telling the guys he 
jammed with in Left Bank caves about 
going to church to hear his professor. Oliv- 
ier Messiaen, play classical masses. He 
couldn't talk his fellow students at the 
Paris Conservatory into catching Chet 
Baker either. This was 1955. the twain did 
not meet. 

About the same time, Stan Kenton add- 
ed alarge string section to his already very 
big band A second tour bus was needed. 
One, it was announced, would be for 
sleeping, the other for partying. With the 
exception of a bisocial cellist, the string 
section all opted for sleep. The horns and 
the rhythm section partied. I fust heard 
(be story from someone involved and have 
since beard it told to illustrate how jazz 
and classical music were poles apart. 

For better or worse — or better and 
worse — they have been coming closer. 

Igor Stravinsky wrote “Ebony Concerto" 
for Woody Herman's band Duke Elling- 
ton began to be called America’s greatest 
composer. Leonard Bernstein wrote “West 
Side Story," and he hugged Ornette Cole- 
man after a set in the Five Spot Gaffe — 
“they" approved of “us." Wynton Marsa- 
lis won both classical and jazz Grammy 
awards. Schifrin, 62, recently released two 
albums tilled “Jazz Meets the Symphony." 

Schifrin has played a key role in the 
rapprochement tor a long time. His father, 
Louis, was concertmaster of the Buenos 
Aires Philharmonic; Schifrin was seduced 
by jazz at an early age. Formed by both 
cultures, he fell no obligation to choose 
between them. All music was related why 
did people cut it up and squeeze it into 
small boxes? Returning from Paris to his 
native Buenos Aires in 1956. Schifrin 
found bis confrere Astor Piazzolla an- 
guished about being squeezed into a tango 
box. He tried to reassure him that the 
bridge he was building over troubled water 
between the tango and the concerto was 
structurally sound “Don't spend so much 
energy fighting "them,’ Astor," he said 
“Who cares what it's called Just be Piaz- 

Schifrin was good at just being Lalo 
Schifrin. Equally at ease conducting, com- 
posing, arranging or playing the blues on 
the piano, he organized a big band in the 
Basie tradition and fronted it. Passing 
through Argentina onaU.S. State De- 
partment-sponsored world tour. Dizzy 
Gillespie was so impressed by the band 
and its arrange men is that he hired Schifrin 
on the spot. He was 24 (“What a great gig, 
man!"). His suite “Gfflespiana” was pre- 
miered in Carnegie Hall in 1961. 

Schifrin was also good at just making 

where they could support each other rath- 
er than water each other down. Here the 
Stream would be an efficient conveyer of 
cont e mporary emotion rather than a con- 
trived current 

Hollywood of all places. 

Johnny Maude! combined jazz subject 
matter with classical textures to accent the 
energy of “I Want to Live." It was a sort of 
an inside joke more than a credit He was 
more oal-from about it writing for the TV 
series “Peter Gtinn." It was on the table, 

producers were talking. “Believe it or not," 
Schifrin said “I moved to L. A. for artistic 
reasons, not. for the money. Hollywood 
studios already employed symphony or- 
chestras. the best jazzmen were out there. I 
rhnn g h t the movies might be the perfect 
place for jazz to meet the symphony, 
which always was and still is nay goat 
Not that be was comparing himself to 

Gamame &eer, the fcnriost 
writer, has invited tfe® hom e le s s in 1 
England to move inio her house rl 
pcjfr ramhri dge with her. Wntmgjn 

i.i ■ niM- ii i^infu i mi h — 

aid the brand ess. Greer said “I 
bdieve that homitaKiy * a rased 

toryd afl privily pa^Tbe 

newspaper said there had been a 
substantial response but aft calls 
and letters are being forwarded, to 
Greer's agent 

O . 

The family, estate and lawyas of 
the late Geoffrey F. Bowers, aNew 

York lawyer, have sued the ab- 
ators of the movie “Fhfladdpha” 
for “no Jess than $10 nnffiooT id 

compensation, al le ging that, the . 
film was based on thelawyo'sBfe: 
Tbe suit names ' Di-Star R cmra, 
the producer, tbe screenwriter. and 
the director, Jonathan Demme, as 
defendants. It also names apnxino- 
er, Scott Rodin, who was not in- 
volved in tbe fUm. 


Tbe French Federation of Horse 
Butchers is demanding equal TV 
time, declaring it is “profoundly 
shocked” that Brigitte Bantot trtd 
a rational audience to rant eating 
horse meat and urged the govan- 
ment to ban ft. : r . 

o . ' : ‘ 

anybody, but Schifrin is aware that Stra- 
vinsky had also been launched on the. road 

to success by writing program music, en- 
hancing ballet in that case. 

He scored “The Cincinnati Kid" (with 
Ray Charles singing), “Bullitt.” “Dirty 
Hany ” “Cool HandLuke" and the TV 
series “Starsky and Hutch.” Much of the 
music had a syncopated edge and it all had 
an unmistakable personality. He won four 
Grammy awards and received six Oscar 
n ominatio ns A S chifrin score became a 
hip stamp. But he waved no stylistic flag, 
he was not “jazzing np" anything. Like all 
successful movie music, it did not call 
attention to itself. It enhanced images . 
How would he describe Ms larger-than- 
sotmd ..theme for “Mission Impossible”? 
He laughed: “Try this. ‘A 5/4 boogie- 
woogie with Latin implications.’ Seriously, 
I don't know what it is. It just came out 
Kke that.” 

In 1992, he recorded “Jazz Meets Tbe 
Symphony" (Atlantic) with the London 
Philharmonic and his trio (Grady Tate, 
drums, Ray Brown, bass). Volume Two is 
due out tins spring. S chifri n is one of the 
few composers who can make a symphony 
orchestra take off on “Bines in the Base- 

He uses Dizzy, Duke and MDes as 
“points of departure-”’ The trick is “to 
have as much fun as they did in the first 
place. Imitation is not fun. They did what 
they did better than I can do it The fan is 
to discover something new. To recreate. 
Re-creating can be part of the creative 
process. Any musician of any style can 
incorporate dements from any other style 
as long as their soul remains unoqmpro- 
mised. As we approach the millenniam, it 
is my hope that my two ‘Jazz Meets The 
Symphony" albums will come to be consid- 
ered a celebration of walls and fences 
coming down.” 

Lafo Sdnfrin thought of movies as a “perfect pbee for jazz to inert the symphony/ 

money. Writing music for Xavier Cugat, 
for example. It’s called paying dues. But 
jay for long and the\ 

he did not pay for long and they were not 
heavy. He befriended scholar-composer- 
conductor Gunther Schuller, who was 
shuffling jazz and symphonic traditions 
into something called “Third Stream." 
P hilhar monics did not want wading saxo- 
phones and the oboe does not fit big band 
swing, so Schuller went hunting for foun- 
dation grants to fund specific formations 

perfo rmin g Third Stream pieces composed 
by himself, John Lewis, CHI Evans, Schi- 
frin and others. Some interesting music 
was produced, but the sources dned up. 

Charlie Parker and Clifford Brown re- 
corded standards accompanied by strings. 
This was pan of a fad combining classical 
condescension and jazz paranoia. Strings 
were a symbol of social acceptance, with 
strings you were legitimate. Schifrin 
scored “Explorations," tbe drummer 
Louie Bellson with strings. Fusing drums 
and strings is not evident and Miles Davis, 

for one, was impressed. He called Schifrin 
out of the blue. “(Expletive deleted),” he 
said. “Write something like that for me." 

It never happened, but by coincidence 
they sailed from New York to Le Havre on 
the SS United States together. Miles, as 
was Ms wont, tamed an existential key. He 
did this son of tiring at all hours of tire day 
and night “I come from Dizzy ” he tdd 

Srhifrin over cn rlrf aits in dip, ghr p ’s gplnnri- 

"Dizzy comes from Roy [Eldridge] and 
Roy comes from Louis [Armstrong]" This 
was obvious to the point of banality, but 
Schifrin began to reflect on continuum. 
Schoenberg would not have happened 
without Wagner, there would have been 
no Wagner without Brahms, they aO owed 
Beethoven and Beethoven owed Mozart 
Now maybe it was time for a merger. 
Symphonic colors can inspire improvisers 
to change their tunc, and the two elements 
combined can inspire listeners. Schifrin 
wondered if MDes and Schoenberg were in 
fact leading to tbe same place, a place 


A ceremony in London to naval 
a plaque on a house once owned by 
James Joyce was disrupt ed t^m • 
angry ou t bu r st fay die noveanfr . 
grandson. Stephen Joyce. After a 
enrol! crowd listened to praise of - ■ 
Joyce?s “four great wodcs” and rout ; - 
pi gs from “Ulysses,” a sandy-haired, 
bearded man leaped onto the ter- ( ^ 
race; took Are microphone and m ade 9 
a speech, according to The Indepim- 
dent “No one saw fit to nmtbcpp 

and my wife here today," said Joyce, 
62. “Yesterday in Zurich, L static! 

beside my grandfather's grave and 
told him f was coating here. *Ci0od, r . 
he said, •you do that ; 

Rumors in tbe Japmesepie&tibat - 
Princess Masakn, wife of the beta to 
the Japanese throne, is pregniml are 
“quite unfounded,” her mother, Yb- • ;i 
mkoOmda, said Thursday. *!■ j 

New York Tunes Service 



Appears on Pages 8& 17 




Forecast for Saturday through Monday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 







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North America 

Light stow veil spread north- 
ward tfirousfi the Ohio Rter 
VaBqr 10 New England early 
In Bw weekend. BHterty cold 
air from Canada will over- 
spread me Great Lakes and 
New England early next 
week. A storm from (ha 
Pacific wfl spread ram info 
ihe Pacific Northwesi Mon- 


Heavy rain wfll linger over 
Ireland, northwestern Francs 
and northern Spain this 
weekend. An area of heavy 
rain will develop over souSt- 
eastem Europe with heavy 
wet snow tasty on the north- 
ern Mngg dt (he rah. Bdterfy 
cold weather wW stretch from 
Scwvfnavia to the northwest 
d the former USSR. 


Beijing through Seoul and 
Tok yo win hav e sunsh ine 
end seasonable weather this 
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showers will spread inio 
Japan early next week. Rah 
over south-central China 
Saturday will spread reward 
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Middle East 

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Today Tomorrow 

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Var U 2 B 
Var 1/28 
Var 1/28 
V8r 1/28 

74/86 Us open, good skOng 
50/04 Ms open, gnat piste skang 
40/47 Ms open, my concBSons 
11/15 Msapen good pleledang 
72/78 Ms open, tot ply sUrrg 
AB Ms qpea uoMbiM snow 
50/63 arts open, peel piste siring 
2Z/2BU50pen. fcvaypMsMtip 
17/23 Us open, some herd pbms 
48/49 Ms open, flood piste skSng 
107/112 ns open, superb pistes 
62/77 Us open, tjuety sUhg 
51/54 Us open. PM (PM sksng 
51/34 Ota open, grew siding 
AB 29 ns open good ddng 

Baqujara-Btata 130 250 Good Open Var -1/27 AB 22 Ate end 43 petes open . 


Crans Montans 

GrtndeJwald - 
St Moritz 
Vertter ' 

■Mr Var 
Open Var 
Open Var 
Pan 1 Crust 
Open Vo/ 
Open Var 
Open' Ver 
Cfren Var 

im ABIBBasapenZSkmotx-counby 
1/28 39/40 BBs open, eamswpm&te 
1/28 ABXBBscpen,75kmatx-courmy 
1/29 33/34 Us open, pistes good 
T/2B 46/89 . MS open, good siting 
1/28 am 24 Bas open, gnat candBs 
1128 38/3B ms open, gener&y goad 
1/26 72/75 MBs open, superb ssSrg 


fa Old Traj 



5 260 Good Ctsd Var 1 /26 32/38 Us open, good high up 
10 160 Good Some Var 1/28 26/27 Us open 52tan at x-coy 





25 140 Good Open Petal 1/26 Uast BBS open, good tpper rws 
85 395 Good Open Petal 1 rZT Good skBng throughout resort 
20110 Good Opan Petal 1/8 At 40 Bits epen. good skBng 

Aspen ' 115 T25 Qtod Open Petal 1/31 At BUts open 

Jackson Hole 60115 Good Opan Vsr 1/28 At Us open - 

Keystone lists Good Opan Var 1/30 16/22 BBe open -' 

Mammoth 451SS Good Open Petal 1/30 24/26 BU open 

Pa* City 70125 Good Open Vtar i/ST 14 BOs Open 

Snowbird 110145 Good Open Petal 1/77 AM 7 Bfta open 

Te6u ride 105130 Good Opan Var 1/30 At 10 Us open * 

Vafl 10012S Good . Open Ver 1/30 AB 2S Ota open . 

Key: MUM in cm on tovwr and upper stapes. Mil FUKMourtaMda ptstse. Has. ' 
PWNftre landtag to resort ’Wago. ArtArtHciai mow. 

Reports suppBed by the Ski CM3 ot Greet Britain 

■ r'-a*.- W 


ij*-- . ' 

[S-X- •' 

V fi ‘i ' us 

Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 

AES' Access Numbers. 

How to caB around the worid. 

1. Using ihe ctun below, find the country you are calling from. 

2 DialifoeCDmMpoadi/tgAlKF Access Number - 

3- An /OH - English speaking Operator or ratee prompt will ask for the phone number you wish id call or connect you io a 
customw service irprevmadve. ' ... 

Torecerirjxxirfrecw'aDctcaroof /a^Atxxss Number^ tasttfial the acres number of 
the country yotrte in and xk forCuaomerSenfce. 




Australia 0014 



Hong Kong ; 

fndta * 

Indone si a* C 



0014-681-011 Irdaod~» 

10811 Ireland 

018-872 Italy- 

800-1111 Liechtenstein' 

0tU-600Omi rtri lw 

999-001 Cdoobta 
HgggMM iccetaBka^ 


00-801-10 Luxembourg 

0039-111 Nfafart 
009-11 MwtaorW 

Nun- Zealand 

11* Netbedaod 

80(H)01I K oi w ay* 
000-911 Prasad**— 

8*196 -GuaD-maJa* 

yg Quasar* 

ggjgMltt. HoodumsTi 

i assr 

^ 06^91U .553=5 

“ ggMgga 

05017-1-288 -r-: — 

— .■» Suriname 

00 ^^ 

SOV^oTl S gg 

020-795-611 — C 

. 155-0011 

ggggu ’Bermuda* 


800601 Q| y n »nftfa« 

■teo) 510-0200 . Grenada* 


800-2% Jamaica** 

CBctent) 426601 Wcth-Antfl 

»ia 1-800.300 -&Klmt«CTi3 



► 001-600-200-1111 Gandria* 

555 Kenya* 7 

0600-1111 Liberia ' 

OOMOIQ ifahwr 

r^jnvr adungoad ! Imagine a world %+iere you can call country to country a.« easily as you can from home. And 

reach the US. directly from over J 25 countries. Converse with someone who doesn’t speak your 
83b - language, since it's translated instantly. Call your clients at 3 a.m. knowing they’ll get the message in 

> / your voice at a more polite hour. All this is now possible with AfiwT : 

s ,- . edvtotjt /r . M& To use these services, dial the AD£T Access Number of the country you're in and you'll get afl the 

help you need. With these Access Numbers and your AKT Calling Card, international calling has never been easier. 

If you don't have an AIKT Calling Card or you’d like more information on AIXT global services, just call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right. 


S 2 lparr 





105-11 Portugal* 
155-5042 Romania 
235-2872 SloraU* 


800-0111-111 Spain 
130-430 Swredenr 
0080-102884 ftutarriiad* 


0019-991-1111 UK. 


vtiXMjStfAA Vtitfaf/rMiim 

Austria — 








G ermany 


8*14111 Bahrain 

022-905011 EgyprCCatao) 

cncu-ooio tad 

OO-iaOCMWIO Btwak 

99-38-0011 Lebanon (Bdmt) 
080-900 jo Saudi Arabia 

00-420-00101 Ttafaf 


9800-100-10 Argeflritt 
WtaOMl Beto* 
01306010 Bolivia* 
00600-1311 Brazil 

i Mtajgiy 
. - ii4 


-- 190 



; v.i, . 

v V* *^^**188 

CMwiagna) 174- 

_ - 109 

-' m 

. 156 


! • ■ 80011-120 

~ 1-600678-2881 

«b , --MOMBMaM. 

• 1-600672-2881 
- 0Q1-8QO972-28B 
.. - 0600672-2881 

fa 1-80067^2881 



- : • ooair 

1 . - 080010 

_i_ 797^797? - 

— 101-1992 

•British YL 


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i»roa,i,uuini,i>^vimitJlbvta'nbn'nn4L-taai^'Lin)«aw > — - 


•^TStjeuraatatofnaaStaSa . 

LMimter i8 iJn.- iixmrtc- Ifcwiixnc fpi— I tadwm 

*rt l i<Vv'|4«iac«iuFiav^p M r,4„ 4n<ir pbia l .|-j B |MrdblRnEreil0l(VW(Hnii ****Vn«taw E«nra fxifcr .7^77 ^ 

*** KiKuaUbfiiasdirai 

* ikji . 

1 a^kiKviUa 

© 1994 AIST