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Paris, Tuesday, February 15, 1994 

No. 34,512 


Hackl Gets His 2d Gold, 
By Smallest of Margins 

Geon* Hack! of Germany edged his. 
Austrian archnval, Markus Prock, by 
ihe smallest margin in Olympic luge 
history — ' .013 of a second over femr 
runs — ■ to become the first solo luger to 
repeat as a gold medalist. 

Hackl dedicated iris medal to his 
trainer and mentor, Sepp Lenz, 59* 
who had the lower part of his leg cut 
off when he was hit by a U.S. sled in a 
bizarre training accident on a German 
track three months ago. 

U.S. hopes for its first in the 
sport went off track when Duncan 
Kennedy, the man attacked by neo- 
Nazis in October outside a bar in Ober- 
hdf, Germany, crashed in the third run 
as he was moving up into third place. 

“Life goes on,-'. Kennedy said. 
Hackl, a stocky and affable Bavarian, 
headed for the bierkeUer set up by a 
team sponsor and said, “Maybe I'll 
mak e jt two - this time." 

Victories for Norway 

Thomas Alsgaard, in his Olympic 
debut, upset fellow Norwegian and 
four-tune medalist Bjom Dahlie to win 
the men’s 30-ldlometer freestyle cross- 
country ski race before thousands of 
ecstatic but freezing Norwegian fans. 

Lasse Kjus, the world diampioit, re- 
kindled hopes of an Alpine victory for 
Norway when he won the' downhill 
portion of the combined. 

But this time, die U.S, team had 
something to cheer Kyle Rasmussen 
came in second, and Tommy Moe.wfao 
won the gold medal in Sunday’s down- 
hill race, skied home in third place. 

Black Day for Russia 

. Russia’s rich hockey tradition suf- 
fered one of its blackest days when 
Finland routed the top-seeded but in- 
experienced team, 5-0. It was the worst 
Olympic loss, and first shutout, for a 
hockey squad from Russia, the Soviet 
Union or the interim Unified Team. 

In other matches, the C^ech Repub- 
lic rebounded from its opening loss to 
Finland to win. 7-3, against Austria, 
and Germany defeated Norway. 2-1. 

Figuring Out a DUomma ; 

With Tonya Harding arriving' 
Wednesday, officials of the U-S. Fig- 
ure Skating Association were scram- 
bling to dad wth problem oFbkvmg 
her and Nancy Kerrigan living itr the 
same dormitory, eating and practicing 

Olympic report; Pages 17, 18 and 19 

"•jz. ‘ *■’. . ;i - 

■ " • ■ ■ ^■ r V .. 

. . . * ‘ • 

• •• 

iota M.-Dt*ndL' Thf iVu 

Dan Jansen’s hand grazing the ice as he sfipped Monday on the last turn in 500-meter speed-skating, a slip that cost him a medal. 

Again, Gold Slips Away From Jansen 

By Ian Thomsen 

• International Herald Tribune 

- HAMAR, Norway — Time spins cm the board in step with the mm 
fl ashing by in aides, and it’s almost like roulette waiting to see whicb 
number comes up. As Dan Jansen, the American speed skater who 
holds the world ward at 56thmeters, crossed the finish line Monday, bis 
number — 36.68 — froze solid next to his name. 

In a hush; the world stared at the board, from the television canmras 
to the sympathetic audience to the seven other skaters who would profit 
.from hum once again in thrOfyinpic race. 

; ,, Bat Jansem^dp’i hsye 8> lode. That 4 toe difference between 
wuig whal hie has been trying to do these last three 
'Olympic Games. The dttmTiad faded when he stoodup from his 
racing crouch as if pushing himself away from a table. The other skaters 
stayed out of his way as he wandered off the ice. 

“As soon as I saw him slip, 1 said, *Why God, why again? ” his wife. 

Robin, told The Associated Press. “God can't be that crueL Fm sure one 
day well understand.” 

He was beading into the final turn of a race six years long, with every 
second splintered into hundredths, his weight balanced on shimmering 
blades. It is hard to describe whal happened next, because not even be 
knows. A white spark of ice appeared from beneath his skate, and the 
crowd almosL screamed. A couple of red balls — lane dividers — 
squirted out from under his feet. The loss of speed was not obvious, but 
the mistake lowered him to eighth place. 0-35 seconds behind the 
winner. Alexander Golubev of Russia. 

“I don't know” said Jansen. “I was fine up until that point. It was not 
a place I would normally sBp. but my skates just slid out. It happened 
twice al that turn. The ice is a little bit hard — harder than it’s been ail 

He said he wasn’t making excuses. He seemed to be trying to 

See JANSEN, Page 19 

NATO and UN in Accord on Bosnia, Clinton Asserts 

Gzrtpi/aj by Our Staff From Daptseha 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton 
said Monday that the threat of NATO air 
strikes in Bosnia remainedfirmasd thatbe saw 
no fundamental disagreement with United Na- 
tions officials on that point. % . 

"I expea that the terms of the NATO agree- 
ment will be followed,” Mr. Clinton said, amid 
reports from Sarajevo that UN field command- 
ers might be easing back from NATO threats to 
bomb Bosnian Serb positions if the Serbs faded 
to withdraw all siege guns by midnight Sunday. 

Mr. Clinton commented after statements by 
senior UN officers appeared to Nor what con- . 
stiiuied control of the weapons and indicated 
tactical differences with NATO. 

They said that radar monitoring of the Serb's 

Clinton’s shift cm Boot* was emblematic of 
bow he ewdnets foreign policy. Page 2. . 

guns, backed by the threat of air attack in the 
event of cease-fire violations, would be enough 
to ensure they remained silent. - 

Mr. Clinton reminded reporters that it was 
Secretary-General Burros Butros Gfaah who 
asked tie allies to take action. 

I “We agreed to take action. Afl along the way, 

* the United States made dear that if we were . 
going lake this step, we had to be prepared to 
take the step,” Mr. Clinton said. 

“And we were assured all along the way that 
our allies in NATO and the secretary-general 
agreed. So 1 don't believe there is a fundamen- 
tal misunderstanding on that point." - 

"The larger issue.” Mr. Clinton said, “is 
whether we can lead toward a reasonable peace 
agreement quickly after establishing a safe zone. ■ 
aro und Sarajevo. We're just going to have to 
see. There’s a few more days left ba ore tire time 
runs oul” • • • 

A l/N military spokesman. Lieu tenant Colo- 
nel William Ailrman. said Sunday: “The 10-day 
ultimatum is a NATO ultima nun. Itis not our 

But he denied there was any difference with 
NATO, whicb has pot together a strike force of 

Sea Harriers on the British carrier Axk Royal in the Adriatic on Monday, in readiness for NATO strikes on Serbian guns in Bosnia. 

ground attack aircraft and supetsonic fighter- 

Sr Michael Rose, a British lieutenant general 
who is commander of the UN Protection Force, 
has said be would deride the timing of any air 
attack, implying that the NATO deadline could 
be stretched al his discretion. 

NATO de li vere d its ultimatum to the Serbs 

. after a mortar attack killed 68 people at a 
Sarajevo market Feb. 5. The city has not beat 
shelled since. 

The Sots have moved 28 heavy weapons to 
observation points, a negligible portion of the 
500 big guns they are thought to have surround- 
ing Sarajevo. 

NATO, whh UN backing, last week gave the 

Serbs until midnight Sunday to abide by a 
cease-fire and move their heavy weapons at 
least 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the Bosnian 

At the United Nations in New York, Security 
Council members, with the exceptions of China 
and Russia, strongly backed air strikes Monday 
See BOSNIA, Page 4 

Dollar Tumbles 
On Trade Tensions 

Must Change, 
Clinton Says 

Yen Advances 
As U.S. Weighs 

By Erik Ipsen 

International HeraU Tribune 

LONDON — Washington’s wrath over the 
failure of trade talks with Tokyo sent the dollar 
tumbling against the yen in hectic trading Mon- 

“The market is convinced that the U.S. is 
using exchange rates as a political weapon 
against Japan,” said Neil MacKinnon, chief 
currency strategist at Citibank in London. 

The dollar also fell sharply against other 
major currencies, including the Deutsche mark, 
on the expectation that the U.S. government 
would seek to push the yen higher against the 
dollar as a means of reducing Japan’s trade 

The dollar closed in New York at 1 0220 yen. 
down 4.6 percent from its value of 107. 18 "yen 
late Friday but up slightly from 101 yen earlier 
in the day. The American currency also 
dropped 1.7 percent to 1.7243 DM from" 1.7540 

Jn Tokyo, however, the threat of U.S. trade 
sanctions sent stock prices tumbling. The Nik- 
kei average of 225 shares fell 27 percent to 
close at 19.45925. down 531.45 points. 

Many analysts said Monday that the dollar 
could soon fall below its record low of 100J5 
yen reached last year. Whether it does or does 
not, they said, may well depend on how the U.S. 
government decides to ream to the failure of the 
trade talks with Japan. 

After the breakdown of talks Friday between 
President Bill Clinton and Prime Minister Mor- 
ihiro Hosokawa of Japan, currency traders said 
that only massive intervention by the Federal 
Reserve Board or a statement from the U.S. 
Treasury signaling that it wanted the dollar to 
stop failing would stop the yen's upward spiral. 

They pointed out that it took Federal Re- 
serve intervention to slop the yen’s rise last 
summer just short of the level of 100 yen to the 

Analysts agreed that there was little econom- 
ic basis for the yen’s current high level, much 
less an additional rise. But the politics of the 
situation are another matter. 

“If you look at the economic fundamentals 
supporting the yen, there aren’t many,” said 
Adrian Cunningham, senior currency econo- 
mist in London for Union Bank of Switzer! an d- 

The Japanese economy is still in a severe 
recession, the country’s inflation rate is negligi- 
ble, and its interest rates are at historic lows and 
likely to fall further, meaning that yen-denomi- 
nated investments would offer relatively tittle 
financial return. 

But whal is fueling the currency’s rise is the 
belief that Washington, having failed to per- 
suade Japan to open its markets further to 
imports, will try to reduce Japan's trade surplus 
by “talking the yen higher,” making Japan's 
exports more costly in overseas markets. 

Top U.S. officials adopted that approach for 
a lime last year, and the yen rose about 20 
percent against the dollar. 

But now. analysts said, such measures could 
have only a limited further effect on the ex- 

See YEN, Page 10 

Compiled bv Our Staff Front Dispatcher 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton 
said Monday he was “not ruling anything out” 
after the failure of trade talks with Japan, 
including the possibility of an all-out trade war. 

The first U.S. move could come as early as 
Tuesday in the form of increased tariffs on 
Japanese-buOt cellular telephones, govenmem 
officials said. 

Mr. Clinton said he could not dismiss the 
possibility of a retaliatory trade war erupting 
and stressed that Japan's record trade surplus 
was “an unsustainable policy.” 

Asked if the world's two top economies could 
tumble into trade war. Mr. Clinton said, “It 
could be, but I think they would have to think 
long and bard about iL” 

“We have great common interests and a natu- 
ral friendship and I don’t think that is going to- 
change,” Mr. CTia ion said. “But the relationship 
has got to change. We are reviewing all our 
options. We haven’t ruled anything oul" 

Official after official ironed out the UJ>. line 
— making clear action may come sooner rather 
than bier — while the White House scurried to 
piece together a fallback strategy in light of the 

Japan refuses to make farther cats in tariffs 
under the Uruguay Round agreement. Page 9. 

standoff Friday in the summit with Prime Min- 
ister Mirohiro Hosokawa. 

Japan has just as adamantly warned Wash- 
ington not to take the sanctions paLh, vowing it 
would not stand idly by and would take its case 
to the General Agreement on Tariffs and 

Japan has also hinted loudly at counter- 
strikes, saying the imposition of U.S. sanctions 
would only backfire and hurt U.S. business, the 
very community Mr. Clinton is trying to help. 

While Japan has made such threats before 
and failed to follow through, worries are 
mounting that this time the two allies could be 
set for a dangerous economic confrontation. 

U-S. Trade Representative Mickey Kantor 
said the ball was now in Japan’s court, adding: 
‘ it's up to the Japanese. They understand the 
need to open up their markets.” 

While Mr. Clinton and Mr. Hosokawa are at 
pains to stress the strength of their security ties, 
the lopsided trade flow — hovering close to S50 
billion — is becoming an ever more abrasive 

point now that the Soviet threat has gone. 

post-Cbld War 
environment," said Bowman Cutter, the top 

“That cannot persist in a post- 1 

U.S. trade negotiator with Japan, referring to 
Japan's trade surplus with the United States. 

Cutter refused to say what strikes were 
planned but stressed that Japan's overall trade 
surplus “fundamentally affects the world trad- 
ing system. There 4 a need for a change.” 
Financial markets are braced for a rocky ride 
as the economic giants thrash out the disputes 
they failed to resolve at the negotiating table. 

“CLinton has come out with more strong 
rhetoric and it appears that the U.S. may be 

See TRADE, Page 4 

Howa CIA Cold War Coup 
Got a Hand From Poland 

By Benjamin Weiser 

Washington Fast Service 

WASHINGTON — The freighter left the 
Polish seaport of Gdynia with a highly classi- 
fied cargo. 3 staie-of-ihe-an air-defense system 
built in tbe Soviet Union. Its ultimate destina- 
tion — the United States — was a secret, known 
only to a few people in the U.S. intelligence 

Tbe shipment, arranged in tbe late 1980s. was 
the culmination of an extraordinary intelli- 
gence effort coordinated by the CIA: the acqui- 
sition of advanced Soviet weapons from War- 
saw Pact countries at the peak of the Cold War. 

Using foreign intermediaries, European 
Hank accounts and third countries, the U.S. 
government made scores of clandestine pur- 
chases. paying hundreds of millions of dollars 
to Eastern bloc- officials who were wilting to 
betray Soviet mfliiaty secrets. 

The infusions of hard currency appear to 
have been a major motivating factor for the 
Poles, U.S. officials said, as Poland had a large 
foreign debt and was increasingly isolated be- 
cause of economic sanctions imposed by the 

Reagan a dmini stration from December 1981 to 
February 1987. 

Reports about the secret operation, including 
deals made between the CIA and the Ceausescu 
regime of Romania, first appeared in 1990, 
after the collapse of Communist rule in Eastern 
Europe. Bui new interviews with government 
and intelligence sources in the United Slates 
and Eastern Europe make it clear that the most 
significant collaborator in the program was 
Poland, which acted on its own or in concert 
with other Warsaw Pact nations in selling the 
United States advanced Soviet systems. 

In tbe dozens of deals involving Poland, the 
sources said, the United States paid an estimat- 
ed SI 50 million to $200 million so the Pentagon 
could acquire top-of-the-line Soviet air-defense 
systems, radar, armed helicopters, torpedoes, 
tanks and self-propelled artillery. 

In most cases. U.S. intelligence officials be- 
lieve, the payments, which went through for- 
eign intermediaries, ended up in Poland, but 
the intermediaries also may have paid commis- 
sions to some Polish defense officials who made 
the deals work smoothly or were willing to look 

See SPY, Page 4 


3,904.06 jgf 

The Dollar - . 

Now YMk. Mop- dow 



. .1.7245 











Newsstand Prices 

Andorra 9.00 FF UixembooraML.Fr; 

Antilles. — 11.20 FF 

Gabon .96QCFA ^^?1^D0PTAS 

Greece— ....200 Dr. Tunisia -...1. 000 Din 
ivory Coast .1.120 CFA Turkey ,.T.L. 15*000 

Jordon..-. ».l JO U.A.E. ,:..A50Difti 

Lebanon -US5 1 JO U.S. MiL fEur.) 51.10 


Iran Bars Any Reprieve for Rushdie 


The lnkatha Freedom Party is becoming an 
African tragedy. Page A 

German Airing tests drive foreign driven 
wild. Page 2. 

■A USL coogessmas appeals to Burma's 
junta to free an opposition leader. Page 4. 

Business/ Flnanc* 

Lloyd’s failed to settle oul of court with 
aggrieved members. Page 9. 

Fokker plans to cut 1,900 jobs to reduce 
costs. Page 11. 

NICOSIA (Reuters) — 1 
that Salman Rushdie, the writer, must die 
and there could be no reprieve from the 
decree ordering his death five years ago. 

.. “The sentence has to be carried out irre- 
spective of whether, the apostate repeals or 
.not,** the official liman press agency, 
IRNA, said of the Intfian-botn British au- 
thor of 'The Satanic Verses.” 

The statement, monitored in Nicosia, was 
madeiost after Prime Minister John Major 
of -Britain tngjsf Iran to revoke the death 
'edict issued by the late Ayatollah RuboUah 
Khomeini. -- 

Book Review ■ . ‘ 
Chess " 

Page 7. Crossword 
Page 7. Weather 

Page 20. 

Page 20. 

Mercedes Immerses Executives in 9 Bama 

By Rick Atkinson 

Washington Past Service 

STUTTGART — They haven’t picked up Southern drawls yet or 
started serving grits in the corporate cafeteria, but employees at 
Mercedes-Benz AG are learning to speak 'Bama. 

With less than a month to go before ground-breaking on a $300 
minion auto plant in Vance, Alabama (population 350), Mercedes not 
only is designing a new car and a new factory, but also is preparing 
executives for the cultural upheaval of moving from urban Germany to 
the rural American South. 

About 40 German engineers and managers, along with their families, 
are assiduously studying the strange habits of the strange land they wDJ 
soon call home. Dining seminars at a Mercedes retreat in the Blade 
Forest, they have discovered that their new American neighbors call 
perfect strangers by their first names, insist on keeping their office 
doors open and haven't a clue about public transportation. 

With help from some native Alabamans, flown to Stuttgart for a 
“Ctoss-cultural encounter group," the Germans also are learning such 
key local idioms as “y'alT and “howdy." 

“It’s those little things that can cause small cultural rifts," said Steve 
Cannon, an American marketing executive for Mercedes involved in the 
new plant. “The question is. bow can we minimize them? You want to 
reduce those slightly awkward moments when there’s a bit of a culture 

Roland Folger, who will move to Vance later this year as head of sales 
and marketing for the new car, added: "We don't want a German 
enclave in Alahama. We wanl a real cultural miring.” 

Such efforts reflect both Mercedes's “globalization" strategy of 
building vehicles where the markets are and the increasing inclination 
of German manufacturers to escape tbe crushing cost of doing business 
in Germany by moving abroad, cultural challenges notwithstanding. 

At an average $25 an hour for wages and benefits, German labor 
costs are the highest in the world, far higher than the 515 average in the 
United States. A survey of 10,000 business executives last November by 
the German Chamber of Commerce and Industry indicated that 30 
percent of those polled were considering shifting part of their produc- 

See DRAWL, Page 4 

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Clinton’s Bosnia Shift: A Little Help From the French 

By Elaine Sciolino 
and Douglas Jehl 

Nett York Tuna Serrtte 

WASHINGTON — When President 
Clinton learned of the deadly mortar at- 
tack on the main marketplace in Sarajevo 
on Feb. S, his instinct was to ask the allies 
what to do. 

For two weeks, the administration had 
been moving toward a consensus that its 
own credibility and NATO's would be at 
stake if the United States did not come up 
with a diplomatic initiative to end the 22 - 
month war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 
When Mr. Clinton summoned his national 
security team to a 45 -minute meeting in the 
Oval Office, he said he was “outraged’' by 
the bloodshed but had no clear idea how to 

Over the next three days, caution was the 
overriding principle guiding Mr. Clinton’s 
actions as ne let others lake the lead in 
producing a major shift in American poli- 
cy, according to senior American and Eu- 
ropean officials who provided a detailed 
account of the process. 

By Wednesday night, the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization met the immediate, 
challenge by threatening air strikes against 
the Bosnian Serbs besieging Sarajevo, and 
Lhe United States for the first time commu- 
ted itself to enter peace negotiations 
among Bosnia's warring factions. 

The story of how Mr. Clinton gpt to that 
point is emblematic of how be does busi- 
ness in foreign policy, favoring delibera- 
tion over bold action and delegation over 
mi croman agemen u 

It was Secretary of State Warren M. 
Christopher who did the diplomatic lifting 
with the Atlantic allies. And in the end, 
paradoxically, it was the French, who had 
been embroiled in an embarrassing public 
feud with Washington over Bosnia, who 
handed Mr. Clinton a plan that he could 

modify somewhat, adept as his own and 
push through NATO. 

Mindful of the Europeans' rejection last 
May of his proposal to arm the Muslim- 
dominated Bosnian government, Mr. Clin- 
ton was loath to risk another humiliating 
diplomatic defeat. 

"We were thinking that first night, 
‘We've got to do something, 1 " W. Anthony 
l-ake, the national security adviser, said in 
an interview. “But we’ve learned that when 

you make a proposal, you've got to make it 


Last May, the French and the British 
successfully led the opposition to the 
American plan. This time, Washington had 
France on its side early on. 

By Wednesday evening, when Mr. Gin- 
ion appeared in the White House briefing 
room just in time for the evening news to 
announce the NATO ultimatum to the 
world, he was able to portray the initiative 
as proof of American foreign policy leader- 

But at the start, the White House had 
become so inured to violence in Bosnia that 
the early reports of the shelling of the 
marketplace, more bloody and deadly to 
civilians than any mortar attack in the 22 - 
month siege of Sarajevo, created only a 
small stir. 

A National Security Council official 
who was awakened with the news chose not 
to disturb the president. By the time 
George Siephanopoulos, a senior adviser, 
arrived to pick up Mr. Clinton for his 
weekly radio address, the president had 
caught only a brief glimpse of a report on 
CNN about the attack. 

It was not uadi after 1 P.M. that be 
summoned Mr. Lake and Christopher to 
the Oval Office to discuss the attack and 
what it might mean. 

Although the president expressed anger 
and frustration, his initial decisions were 
tentative: Madeleine K. Albright, the dele- 
gate to the United Nations, was to push die 

United Nations to determine responsibility 
for the a pack; Mr. Christopher was to talk 
to the other NATO mem bos by telephone, 
and the American military was to help 
evacuate the wounded from Sarajevo. 

On Sunday morning, Mr. Clinton Spent 
25 minutes reviewing American options 
with top aides in the private residence 
before leaving on Air Force One for a 
three-day trip to Texas and Louisiana, . 

At that meeting, David R. Gergen, the 

Even with Washington 
and Paris in tandem 7 the 
White House was not 
sure it could win over all 
of NATO, so Mr. 

Clinton got involved in 
telephone diplomacy. 

White House counselor, advised Mr. Clin- 
ton that it was important to “put sane 
steel” into the policy, to “appear strong” in 
the eyes of the American people. 

Sim, Mr. Clinton and his aides had no 
precise idea of what to do, although they 
agreed that the United Slates should sup- 
port air strikes against the Serbs if they 
were found responsible for the mortar at- 

But the lads; of conclusive evidence made 
American officials unwilling to recom- 
mend retaliation. 

More than 24 hours after the Sarajevo 
attack, the White House was so determined 
to give the impression of business-as-nsual 
that General John S halifcash vffi, the chair- 
man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was not 
invited to Sundays meeting out of concern 
that his presence, if caught by the television 

crews staked around the White House, 
might give the impression that ndiitary 

action was immin ent 

Just two weeks before the attack, Mr. 
Christopher had endured a scathing attack 
by the French foreign minister, Alain 
Juppi, over America’s refusal to press the 
Bosnian Muslims to make peace, 

A few days later, the British foreign 
secretary, Douglas Hurd, reinforced Mr. 
Juppe's message, raping Mr. Christopher 
that the only party capable of ending the 
bloodshed was the United States. 

Meanwhile. Mis. Albright had. retained 
from a trip to Central and Eastern Europe 
convinced that the United States had un- 
derestimated the damage the war was caus- 
ing the fragile democracies in the region. In 
an impassioned report to the White Hcaes, 
she described her concern about the risk of 
splitting the allies, destroying the UN sys- 
tem and undermining NATO if the war 
dragged on. 

Mr. Christopher joined all of their ideas 
in a long position paper and seat it to Mr. 
Lake and Defense Secretary William J. 
Perry on Feb. 4, the day before the market- 
place attack. “A number of strands came 
together,” Mis. Albright said in an inter- 

In a private cover letter, Mr. Christopher 
wrote: “1 am acutely uncomfortable with 
the passive position we are now in, and 
believe that now is the time to undertake a 
new initiative.” 

It was a dramatic shift Tor Mr. Christo- 

Among the allies' suggestions after the 
marketplace attack was a French proposal 
that particularly intrigued the president 
and us aides. 

Rather than merely threaten air strikes 
in response to further shelling, Mr. Jupp 6 
told Mr. Christopher that NATO should 
seize the moment and use such warnings to 
create a demilitarized zone radiating 30 
kilometers, or 18.7 miles, from central Sa- 

rajevo. The proposal was the first signal 

tto France would not oppose the use of air 

power to protect Sarajevo, despite .the ride 
to its peacekeeping troops. 

But at the White House on Monday, Mr. 
Lake warned Mr. Gin ton that the proposal 
was too ambitious. France’s chief Of staff. 
Admiral Jacques Lanxade, had told Gener- 
al Shfllikashvili that it would take 5,000 
additional ground troops to enforce H. 

“My judgment,” General ShaliJbshviK 
said in an interview, “was that it would 
take quite a bit more. At dial point, we 
recognized we needed to come up with a 
proposal that could be executed without 
putting more troops on the ground." 

Mr. Lake and the rest of the national 
security team modified the Fnsodi propos- 
al W demand a withdrawal erf heavy 
ons to a distance of only 20 kilometers, or 
124 miles, from the center of Sarajevo 
within 10 days or to pot them under UN 

Mr. Christopher told Mr. Juppt some- 
thing the French had been eager to hear 
The United States wss pre pa red to get 
actively involved in helping the parties 

Even with Washington and Fads in tan- 
dem, the White House was not sure it codd 
win over aB of NATO, so Mr. Ginton got 
involved in telephone diplomacy. 

Mr. Clinton called the Canadian prime 
minister, Jean Chrttien, on Tuesday, then 
spoke with President Francois Mjttccrand 
of France and Prime Minister John Major 
of Britain. 

Canada and Britain, with their own 
troops serving on the ground in the UN 
force, remained reluctant to embrace a 
hard Mr. Hinton warned thsit failing 
10 act would p ermane ntly shatter the credi- 
bility of the allianc e. 

That argument finally won the day in 
Brussels on Wednesday, putting NATO on 
the brink of offensive military action for 
the first time in its 45-year history. 

Athens Acts to Forestall 
NATO Strikes in Bosnia 

ATHENS — Greece, which cur- 
rently holds the European Union 
presidency, said Monday it would 
hold urgent talks with President 
Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia to try 
to avert threatened NATO air 
strikes against Bosnian Serbs. 

Foreign Minister Karolos Pa- 
ponlias said he would fly to Bel- 
grade on Tuesday to discuss how 
the 12-nation EU could “save 
peace, which is in danger and at a 
very critical stage” 

Greece, the EU’s only Balkan 
state, strongly opposes the threats 
of North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion air strikes against Serbian gun- 
ners around Sarajevo if they fail to 
give up or withdraw their artillery 
by Sunday. 

Mr. Papoulias said the focus of 
his talks with Mr. Milosevic would 

be “bow we can join forces, all 
members of the European Union, 
to save peace.” 

He gave no details of any pro- 
posals, but he said be would be 
speaking for the EU as well as 
Greece in "a very critical meeting." 

Several Athens radio stations in- 
terpreted his comments as a Greek 
initiative to pul together a Serbian- 
EU peace bid to bead off the air 
strikes. As EU president, Greece 
may launch such an initiative, but 
it risks further exacerbating rela- 
tions with its EU partners, already 
irritated by Greece's dose ties with 

In a fresh sign of Greek unhappi- 
ness over NATO preparations for 
military operations, Athens again 
denied Turkey the right to fly 
through Greek airspace on Mon- 
day, a Turkish military spokesman 
in Ankara said. 

Bonn Holds Bosnian Serb 
Implicated in War Crimes 

The Associated Pros 

BONN — A Bosnian Serb, formerly a policeman, has been 
arrested in Germany for allegedly beating and killing Muslim 
prisoners in Bosnia-Herzegovina, legal authorities said Monday. 

Dusko Tadic, 28, could be charged with being an accessory to 
genocide, the Federal Prosecutor’s Office in Karlsruhe said. Other 
possible charges are murder and causing grievous bodily harm. 

It is the first arrest outside former Yugoslavia of someone who 
allegedly took part in “ethnic deansing” there. German law provides 
for trying people accused of war crimes and genocide, even if the 
crimes occur in other countries and the suspect is not German. 

Mr. Tadic was arrested Saturday in Bavaria, where he has been 
living underground for several months, the prosecutor’s office said. 
He is believed lo have carried out atrocities in at least two detention 
camps in 1992, according to a report that the Austrian government 
submitted to the United Nations last year. 

The Austrian report was based on interviews with 145 Bosnians 
who sought asylum in Austria in the fall after being released from the 
Traopolje camp. 

Kohl’s Coalition Partners 
Shaken by Rightist Links 


BONN — Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl’s Bavarian allies of the Chris- 
tian Soda! Union were mired in 
controversy on Monday after a 
leading party member admitted in- 
viting the head of the far-right Re- 
publican Party to his home. 

Germany’s Jewish leader, Ignatz 
Bubis. said the meeting last No- 
vember between the former Bavar- 
ian state premier. Max Streibl, and 
the Republican leader. Franz 
Schonhubcr. was unacceptable and 
gave the rightist party credibility. 

Opinion polls show the Christian 
Social Union is in danger of losing 
voters in state and national elec- 
tions this year to the Republicans, 
one of Germany’s largest far-right 
parties who are xenophobic but say 
they oppose neo-Nazi style vio- 


Neo-Fa^tWinsSidliaii Election 

CATANIA; Sicily (Reowi) -7 A n^Fasdalibeenetoedhe^rf 
a provincial government in eastern Sicily, six weeks before national 
elections, acccsdmg to official results. . 

Neflo Mummed, of the neo-Fasdst Italian Social Movement, won M3 
- percentof the vote in a runoff against StetioMapgiameU, who ran for the 
centrist Fact far ltaly movement in ite election In- the province of 
Catania.. ■ 

i Mr. Miisncneq, a 3S-year-oW hanker, called Iris election “a triumph 
over” the old government apparatus,” a reference to. the collapse of Italy 7 s 
traditional governing order in tbe.conntiyfs corruptionscandals. Fewtr 
than40pacentofelig^TOtereto^partin Siniday’sbaQot. 

French BI<h& Mediterranean Ports 

PARIS (Reutere) —French fts hmupn blocked four Mediterranean 
ports for several hours on Monday and destroyed truckloads of fish in a 
mminig dispote over cheap imports. 

The protesters sailed 40. trawlers across harbor entrances early in the 

Sb-Bouc. They agreed at middayto IfTthe blockade 
Itwas the fert time MaSuarauean fisbennen badjomed the-protest by 
their colleagues in Atlantic and fTwniiri ports. Near Fads on Monday, 
200 fishermen from Brittany stopped trucks to check if they.were carrying 
imparted fish. French radio said they dumped the contiaiB^fourtnrcks 
an the road. 

French Firm Gted for RacUoactivity 

' VALENCE, France (Renters) — A French company was ordered to 
stop work on Monday after radioactivity levels 200 tunes greater than 
norma l woe found in its grounds for the second time in two mon ths. 

A departmental official, Bernard Coquet, .said that the company, 
Radiacoatrde, had stored and destroyed radioactive waste in inadequate 
facilities. He said the radiation had not reached levels dangerous for the 
staff Of the company, residents of the area in the southern town of ' 

PSenelatte.near \folence» nor ife mVinaunont .. . . 

a similar leva of radiation was detected m. December at Radialcon^ 
trots,' which specializes m deactivating nndear installations and is. a 
subsidiary of the stale-owned Compame Gtoftale des Earn. 

U.S. Triples Ife AM to Kazakhstan 

WASHINGTON CAP) — President Bill Ginton met Monday with the 
leader of Kazakhstan and amtouaoed a large increase m U.S, aid to the 
•former Soviet republic; which has agreed to become a nonnuclear stattl 
With Resident Nursultan A. Nazarbayev; standing at hi* side m the 
White House, Mr. C&nton said aid would rise to more than 5311 million 
this year, from S91 millkm. He said hts admimstration was prqjared to 
extend an additional $85 minimi to hrfp Kazakhstan riwmjxntte nuclear 
weapons left an its soil when the Soviet Union broke ' 

Mr. Nazarbayev said the security guarantees provided by the United 
Stales and dm prospect of his country one day belonging to NATO 
“strengthen our confidence in the future." 

Tokyo and Seoul Leaders Consult 

SEOUL (AP) — : Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa of Japan tde- 


Agmcc Fmx-Pmc 

Ukrainian soldiers of the UN peacekeeping force handing out food Monday to driJdren in Sarajevo in what has become a ritnaL 

German Exams Curb Foreign Drivers 

t1w» tuidiar Khinrinff nri the Kore an Pi-iynsrila, officials arid m-Seml- \ 

Mr. Hbsofcawa briefed Mr. Kim on his talks last week with President 
Bin Pinion in Washington on the kmk-itmnxng dispute over North 
Korea’s suspected midear rites, thew sain. 

Mr. Gmton and Mr. Hosokawahave said their countries would sed: 
United Nations sanctions unless the Communist North accepted full 
nudear inspections soon. ’ . .. 


GENEVA (AP) — The wadi's special treatment of Vietnamese boat 
refugees wiD be phased out, starting immediately, a 31-natian meeting 
decided Monday. The countries, including donors and Asian countries 
where boat refugees have oame ashore* agreed an the move after the- 
United Nations High.Cammissioner for Refugees said the recent shift in 
U5, poGcy toward Hanoi underscored improved amditionsfor Vietnam. 

The meeting decided to treat new Vietnames e retageesWce other 
refugees, starting Ibesday,. and to hah .by.the end of 1995 a program 
sorting out refugees already in canqps,.a UN statement said. 

Under the program, the agency has been finding new homes for 

T^mbcst rf^OT^^^^^amese 'st^^uai^ to* 
return home; the ctannmriooer, Sadako Ogata, told the meeting. * A' 
chapter is coming to an end in Indochina and Southeast Asa,” Mrs. 
Ogata said. 

For the Record V; 3 

Rescuers font fair more bodes in & southern Thai river Monday, 
bringing to 42 the number. confirmed drowned' when a boat ferrying 
illegal Burmese wacko* home capsized. Officials said they had -also 
identified 82 sunovpra at the staking of Saturday night, and deported 
them to Banna.’ They' bdieve 80 to 90 victims are still pinned to the 
riverbed by the vessel (Reuters) 

More than 30 people were mfaabg and feared drowned when a ferry 

Some critics see anti- European 
rhetoric from the current premier, 
Edmund Sroiber, as an indication 
that the Christian Socud Union is 
taking some Republican policies on 

Mr. Streibl acknowledged over 
the weekend that he had held talks 
with Mr. Schdnhuber, a former SS 
officer, but be said the meeting was 
private and no reflection of the 
Christian Social Union's election 

Finance Minister Theo Waigd, 
who is head of the Christian Social 
Union, distanced his party from 
Mr. SLreibl's contacts with the far 
right and said he had first heard 
about the meeting on Saturday. 

Jilrgen Ru tigers, parliamentary 
whip for Mr. Kohl’s Christian 
Democrats, called Mr. Strobl's act 

By Brandon Mitchener 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Germans and Ameri- 
cans are two peoples obsessed with the auto- 
mobile. but a yearlong dispute over who is 
allowed to sit behind the wheel is testing 
trans-Atlantic patience. 

U.S- citizens in Germany — along with 
many other foreigners — are fuming because 
of a law passed in April that makes foreign 
drivers apply for a German license after liv- 
ing here for a year. 

While Germany is not the only country to 
require foreigners to obtain a local license, 
the German law is considered particularly 
irksome because of its thoroughness and 

Foreigners in Germany not only have to 
take written and bdtind-the-wbeel exams, as 
they do in France and some other European 
Union nations. 

But they also have to study fust aid and 
enroll in a driver training school a costly and 
time-consuming hurdle that Suzanne SchEer. 
an American working Tor Merrill Lynch in 
Berlin, called “totally mafioso.” 

The rule has incensed some foreign compa- 
nies, which say it makes Germany a less 
attractive place for foreigners to live and 

“This is what happens when you get into 
the claws of German bureaucracy.” accord- 
ing to Heinz Stauder, a personnel officer at 
tneAdam Opel company, a subsidiary of 
General Motors. 

The rule is “catastrophic" for a company 
like Opel that employs executives from c<m- 
European countries, including more than 50 
from the United States, he said. 

Mr. Slander said the rale “adds insult to 

injury" amid an ongoing discussion about 
Germany's dedining attractiveness as an in- 
vestment location. 

“The mobility in an international concern 
like GM is significantly handicapped by titis 
kind of rule,” he said. 

The American Chamber of Commerce, 
which last week Launched a campaign to win 
an exemption for Americans, said the biggest 
obstacle is that U.S. licenses are issued by 
individual states, not by a federal authority, 
and thus each state would have to enter into a 
reciprocal agreement with Germany. 

“it doeai t make sense to apply for an 
exemption for each and every U.S. state." 
said Andrew Luedders, the lobbyist leading 
the fight. 

The regulations are not different enough to 
warrant the effort and are more or less up to 
German standards, be said. 

The same problem confounds drivers from 
Canada, Australia, Brazil and other oountnes 
that are federations of states. 

For citizens of other EU oountnes, getting 
a German license is only a formality, which is 
also true for Japan, Andorra. Finland. Lich- 
tenstein. Malta. Monaco. Norway, Austria, 
San Marino, Sweden, Switzerland, Iceland 
and Hungary. 

Five lIS. slates — Illinois, Kentucky, 
South Carolina. Michigan and New Hamp- 
shire — that have reciprocity agreements 
whh France could be expected to do the same 
for Germany. 

The chamber's most persuasive argument, 
however, is that it is far easier for a German 
citizen (o get a license in the United States 
than rice versa. 

Most US. states waive the driving test for 
people trying to convert a valid license, 
whether it is from another state or another 

country, and the cost of getting a license 
varies from 54.50 in Georgia to 5100 in Alas- 
ka, a fraction of the cost in Germany. 

Vision tests are done at the local licensing 
bureau, eftnrinating the separate trip to an 
eye doctor necessary in Germany. 

Financial penalties for failing a written test 
are rare in the United States; in Germany, by 
contrast, the first try costs 50 Deutsche marks 
($29) and subsequent attempts 200 DM. 

Overall, the German rule costs the average 
expatriate employee 40 hours of lost time and 
up to 1,000 DM in fees, according to an 
estimate by 3M Deutschland, a sutstauayof 
the U.S. multinational. 

The government said that it adopted the 
rules primarily in reaction to problems with 
East European licenses of que&onable vaBd- 


Coan tries that want preferred treatment 
have to prove thru thrir educational and test- 
ing norms are roughly equivaleat, that their 
Ecensing process is re&abte and that they will 
grant preferred treatment to Gomans, said 
Joachim Jagow, a Transportation Ministry 

Mr. Jagow said Germans in the United 
States had problems, too, recounting a story 
about the wife of an embassy employee in 
Washington who had to spend “a whole day” 
getting her German license converted. 

Bat Hdga Hoskins, an aide at Florida’s 
state tourism office in Frankfort, has already 
spent 700 DM and countless hours and still 
fox no German 

A driver for more than 30 years, Mrs. 
Hoskins complained that the rule takes no 
note of experience. Sie now shares a bench at 
driving school with teenagers. 

“Most of them could be my children," said 
Mrs. Hoskins, 53. “It’s humiliating," 

sank Monday in the Mekong River cast of Phnom Penh, the poGce said. 
As many as 50 may haropecubcd in the accident, they said. (AP) 


cation in a caption under a photcq 
incorrect. The planes Were F/A-l 

two UJSl rmtitary aircraft was 


EU Increases Duty-Free Allowances 

BRUSSELS (AP) ■ — European Union finance ministers raised duty- 
free allowances Monday for travelers entering the 12-nation trade areaj 
and for commuters wiima it. _ * 

Under rates effective April 1 , people arriving from non-EU countries 
may bring duty-free goods worm 175 European cur rency writs ($194) 
into the union. That is nearly four times the current allowance of 4S 
Ecus, established in 1981. For travelers between EU states, the allowance 
at airports wD rise to 90 from 45 Ecus. 

The aBowance Is to cover not only hems bought at airport duiy-fiee 
simps, however; bat also any shopping done abroad, even if the c us to me r 
has already paid sales or value added taxes <m the purchases, officials 

todta wflf bar foreign afrfines on domestic routes and local private 
airfincs from foreign destinations. Civil AvjatRm.hfimster Ghulam Nai» 
Azad said. He told the Pioneer daily that the government, which is 
liberalizing the aviation sector, would not allow foreign operators cm 
domestic routes under any ciremnstances. He added that air taxi opera- . 
toracan“dothejobandwewantthem tostkktoxL’' - . (Reuters) 

Vietnam plans to protect rare birds that have returned to part of the 
Mekong Ddtn that was bombed and sprayed with defoliants during the 

crane and other wateritirds who quit the 7,6(»hectai«^ (19,000 acres) at. 
the Plain of Reeds, north of Ho Chi hfinb CSty by the end of die- war id 
1975, the Vietnam News reported Monday. They returned in 1982, and 
naturalists counted more than 1,000 cranes by 1988. (Roam) 

Northwest AUnesis seeking pe miu l u u to operate ffights to Ho On " 
Mini CSty following the lifting of the U^. embargo on Vietnam (*FX) 

Mekong Ddta that was bombed and sprayed with defoliants during the 
Vietnam War. Hand wiD create a national paxkfor the EastemSaras 
crane and other wateritirds who amt the 7,600 hectares (19,000 acres) at 

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. 05-074234 

' Venezuete* . 

Improve par Qfjjpruu. iSruede I'EwtitgtJe. 7501S Paris. 

By Martin .Tolchin* 

(VfH- YorkTima Service 

WASHINGTON — a stcd net used on 
aircraft earners id sup jet fighters from plung- 
ing into the sea is bemg tested at DBdokS 
road crosaogs to stop cars from driving into the 
path of oncoming trams. 

Materials involved in the production of 
Stealth bombers are being used in the constnio- 
uon or a San Diego bridge, and ai technology 
developed to Emulate tank, hatti^ K 
tested for the study of automobile traffic in 
urban areas.* 

The beating o£ swords into -plowshares, is 
booming jn the world of transportation, where 
military technology is being applied to an array 
of new projects. 

Technology was the big winner in President 
Bill Clintons budget, and the Transportation 
Department proposed $692 million for research, 
and development, 'a 14 percent increase over 
current spending. 

Of this amoral, $425 million was for projects 
designed to enhance commercial applications 
of defense- related tec hn ology ' 

“We. think transportation technologies are 
the most ripe for 'defense c on version." Trans- 
portation Secretary Federico F.-Pefia said in a 
recent interview. 

Researchers are developing civilian uses for 
the Global- Positioning System. a : $10 billion 
network of 24 satellites that provides naviga- 
tion information to Amen era troops. The re- 
searchers hope to make this technology avail- 
able to pilots, motorists, transit systems 

The- researchers also hope to use satellites to 
track civilian airaaftafl over the wprid, replac- 
ing radar. They are steadily improving .their 
'ability to amass weather and flight irifo nnh tjon 
instantaneously, and give air traffic controllers 

a better sense of when and where to reroute 
aircraft. • 

“We’re constantly refining the system and 
improving the quality of information,” said 
Riohardwright, chief of automation applica- 
tions at the Transportation Department's pre- 
mier technology research center, the Volpe Na- 

*We think transportation 
technologies are the 
most ripe for defense 

Federico F. Pena, 

Transportation Secretary 

tional Transportation Systems Center, in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Military technology involving sensors and 
computer information systems is also bring 
used in the development of so-called “smart 
cars,” whose sensors and computers exchange 
information with similarly equipped highways, 
enabling motorists to avoid traffic jams by 
using alternate routes. The new budget ear- 
marks $289 million for this project. 

Transportation researchers also hope to use 
lightweight, high-strength material developed 
by the military to produce the first generation 
of “clean cam” with high gas mileage and low 
emissions, high- technology safety devices and 
super-sophisticated air traffic controls. 

They are conducting studies on alternative 
.fuels, lightweight buses and magnetic levitation 

But' Mr. Pefia stressed that the administra- 
tion was also committed to deployment and 

commercialization- He noted that many tech- 
nologies developed in the United States were 
later commercialized abroad, including rail- 
road technologies like magnetic levitation and 
the till trains. 

“We're now trying to buy them from the 
Swedes and the Spaniards,” Mr. Pena said of 
the two train technologies. “Let's not make that 
mistake a gain .” 

The secretary noted that the federal govern- 
ment had a history of financing transportation 
programs, including the transcontinental rail- 
road, the highway system and aerospace pro- 

“Investment in technology and in transporta- 
tion systems has been critical to developing the 
vast continental economy of the United States 
ever since Colonial times,” be said. 

In addition to the Transportation Depart- 
ment’s research programs, civilian transporta- 
tion projects make up half the $475 million 
awarded last year for Technology Reinvest- 
ment Project programs overseen by the Penta- 
gon's Advanced Research Projects Agency. 

These programs are matched by private 
sponsors on a 50-50 basis. 

“Industry has to perceive thaL there is a 
market.” said Noah Rifkin, the Transportation 
Department’s director of technology deploy- 

“It helps us validate the importance of the 
technology, and therefore represents true de- 
fense conversion and dual-use capability.” 

Mr. Pena said that transportation accounted 
for 21 percent of the nation's economy, 50 
percent of its petroleum consumption and 51 
percent of ambient air pollution. 

:W' V- - 


The ivjftooiurt Pin. 

“We can't simply buy. build or invest our 
way out of these problems,” Mr. Pefia said. 
‘We must turn to technology for solutions.” 

SNOW FUN — Arlington. Illinois, driWreti getting the word on Abraham Lincoln as they inspected an icy bust of the 16th president 


Campus Dating 
■ - =. In the 90s: Jake 

The Course First 

By Mary Jordan , 

Washington Post Service 

DOWLING GR£EN, Ohio — : About £00 students at Bowling 
Green State University trekked through an ice storm last week, to 
attend a dating seminar, trading their worst pickup lines and 
listening to : Dating 10 l's “Ten Helpful Hints on Effective Dating 
Communication!" ' ' : V 

- ■ Thous ands more on 100 other ca&puses, from the University of 
Nebraska to James Madison in Virginia, have done the same dung, 
attentively listening to these old chestnuts: for men, “Never, ever 
talk about old girlfriends on a first date;" for women, “Lay off the 
overanalysis." - 

C oll eg es increasingly .are holding dating senunaxs 7 during their 
orientation week for freshmen. Last week Id mat schools called 
David Coleman, who conducted the Bowling Green seminar, 
they arc paying as much as S2DQQ. 

1 *^^^^apbtpul®r u^f ot ^ 5CCIa 

. “I don't necessarily think they do know how to date,” said Mr. 
Coleman, the student activates director at Xavier University in 
Ondnnati, who said he was astonished at the interest he is finding 
around the country aikl at this ooDege ia.dje corafiejdp of western 
Ohio. “Why dse would 600 people come <Mrtm2ft-<tegree-bdow-OTD 
wratbffro Estep to this?” - 

Maybe it is harder dating than in the past; students said, because 
so many are afflicted wkh the “rfcsumi rat" syndrome. They are so 
focused on getting ahead, aiob or into graduate school, they have 
: not learned to socialize.- AIDS has seated some students, too. 

“I’m a senior resident assistant, Tm m the theater troupe, Tm in a 
sorority,” said Leah Brecksiem, an actuarial science major. “I just 
don’t have murii time." ‘ , 

“It’s hard to keep the grades up and (fate and havefun,” said Trad 
Wdbom, who look a break bom her gerontology studies to look into 
dating. White she bad heard this line: “If Iwere the alphabet I would 
putTnett to V,' ** she learned a new one, “Just call 106*11101;' PH do 
your body good." 

From the male point of view, said a freshman. Jay Johnson, “It’s, 
nuts now between guys and girls." 

“The Taial Attraction* ihing is getting out of hmd/’he said. Ever 
since that movie, in which a one-night stand mined into a nightmare, 
Mr. Johnson said people have worried that a hraatic might be lurking 
behind a kissabte face. - 

Endless talk of sexual harassment has some afraid tocompliment 
potential girffiends’ looks, mate students said. • • 

But some students played down any crisis in daring 

They said it has never been easy. Cray now, in this world of talk 
shows in which people discusses veiy intimate problems, do people 
talk openly about their romantic terror and ineptitude. 

“It’s rough," said Dan Cook, 19. “You have to have, aD at once, all 
the guts in the world.” 

Ws worth -itr though, he said. “If they say. “yes,* you just go 


Mr. Cook’s dream woman is intelligent, and “cate” but “not 
pretty." A woman said she was at the pomt where her fantasy "date is 
“a man with teeth and a job.” 

However, other women who jotted down fantasy dates cm anony- 
mous index cards, read aloud by Mr. Coleman, wrote flat male 
muscle mattered — a lot “A wdl-buDt, dark-haired man," began 
one woman’s long description of a dream night that included fresh 

flowers and candlelight aancing, 

“If a girl told me I had a nice build,” said Mr. Cook, “I would 
jump up rad down, ask them for their number and pledge my 

allegiance.” . . - . , 

It is not just in small college towns that men and woman have 
difficulty coming up with ideas for Friday night. AH over America, 
Mr. Coleman said, couples are slipping into this routine: “I'll pick up 
tire pizza. You get the vided let s meet at 9" 

So he offers 250 inexpensive “creative” dates, mdnding: go watch 
Little League games or visit flea markets. If you are still hoping to 
meet somebody, borrow or rent a puppy to attract- people oh the 
street, he advised. 

Church and traditional “mixers" are not l aring , wdL Fondham 
Univera ry in NewYork canceled its planned Valentine's Day dumer 

ri"iTic£ for of interest. • _ , * . _ • ■ ,• 

Students at the University of Cahfomia at Daws are cetebrating 
vS's Dav with a weeklong “pm-the-condtmi-on-tbe-man 

contest. Hundreds have talon part so far. . 

is an outline of a man wth a tall s-ctc where the condom 

wraddEO " explained a student coordinator. “Youspin the peraon 

SS 8 and^ tfthey hit the bull's-eye, they wn^The pnze?. A key 
^At I* & ** 50 ^ ■te.atemuad,.!* 

^mH7<iudems that they are in a romantic gold mme, because 
so many students their same age with the same hours. Even 
!f tots art corny or honihfc. he said, they can help tongue- 

he read from one of - the 
to* whal lam here after.". 

A laugh hi the room. 

Sun Helps East Coast 
Out From Under Snow 


NEW YORK —The East Coast, 
struck by the worst snowstorm in 
more than a decade, struggled 
Monday to return to normal aided 
by a burst of sunshine melting 
snowbanks rad ice that had para- 
lyzed transportation. 

“Today is turning out to be a 
rather pleasant day with a fair 
amount of sunshine,” raid Michael 
Palmerino, a meteorologist in New 
Bedford. Massachusetts. 

“That should go a long way in 
melting snow from streets and side- 

Temperatures were going to be 
only three or four degrees Fahren- 
heit below normal in the Northeast, 
reaching highs in the mid- 50s, Mr. 
Palmenno of Weather Services 
.Coip. said. 

• But towering snow piles re- 
'inained-a challa^e in New York is 
tfcecity struggled to dig itself out of 
Friday's snowstorm, which 
dumped more than a foot (30 centi- 
meters) of snow, the worst since 

The city’s Sanitation Depart- 
ment said on Monday it had 
cleared 4,000 piles of snow, some as 
high as 14 feet, but about 10,600 
piles remained. 

To help in the massive cleanup, it 
lured 1,300 additional workers. 

In Washington, the federal gov- 
ernment resinned normal opera- 

On Friday, offices in the capital 
shut down Friday because of an icy 
snowstorm. About 350,000 civil 
servants stayed home. 

But nearby, in southern and east- 
ern Maryland, power company of- 
ficials Monday said it could take 
another three days to restore power 
to as many as 18,000 customers, 
who lost electricity there due to ice 
storms downing power lines. 

In Tennessee, the Emergency 
Management Agency estimated 
Monday that statewide, about 
128,000 households remained with- 
out power after the state was hit 
last week with freezing rain that 
brought down tree limbs on power 

In Nashville, about 14,200 resi- 
dents had no power and ft could be;, 
up to a week until servico is re- 
stored in some areas. 

Many schools in the Nashville 
area and in other reams of the 
state remained closed due to power 
outages despite temperatures re- 
turning to the mid-50s. 

Boston basked in temperatures 
of 25 degrees (-4 centigrade) Mon- 
day morning as the winter storm 
passed over, giving way to sunny 
and dear dries. 

Challenge to Black Pfstrlcts 

ATLANTA — A year after congressional 
redistricting sent a record number of minor- 
ity lawmakers to Capitol Hill, newly created 
black congressional districts face a rising tide 
of court challenges that may threaten the 
historic electoral gains made' a year ago. 

At stake are not just the future of the 
districts and the representatives being chal- 
lenged. Also at issue is a tangle of politics and 
race that has the potential to affect the nature 
of districts, from city councils to Congress, 
and the makeup of Congress at a time when 
President Bill Clinton is trying to maintain 
the fragile margin of support in the House 
that provided him with razor-thin legislative 
victories in his first year in office. 

The claims stem from a Supreme Court 
ruling last June, in a case called Shaw v. 
Reno, which challenged a predominant!} 
black district that snakes across 1 60 miles of 
North Carolina. The state, defending the dis- 
trict’s shape, said the 12th District had ra 
urban identity that went beyond race and 
that it had complied with federal dictates to 
enhance black nqiresemation in a state that, 
before 1 992. had not had a black member of 
Congress for nearly a century. 

But the Supreme Court ordered a district 
court to review the claim by the plaintiffs, 
who are white voters in the 12th District, that 

the district, which stretches from Durham to 
Charlotte, is a form of “racial gerrymander- 
ing” that isolates black voters in ah artificial 
entity whose only justification is race. 

Seven months later, the ruling is being used 
by some disgruntled white voters and politi- 
cians elsewhere to challenge electoral districts 
from North Carolina to California, from hos- 
pital boards to congressional seats. 

■‘Everybody is raising this Shaw v. Reno 
argument from the smallest town you can 
think of right on up to Congress." said 
Laughlin McDonald, a lawyer at the Ameri- 
can Gvil Liberties Union in Georgia who 
specializes in voting rights, ‘it's really a 
movement now.” 

The main focus of the suits has been on 
congressional districts. /N>Tj 

FOH (Fans of Hillary) Unite 

WASHINGTON — About 4.000 people 
have become members of a new Hillary Rod- 
ham Clinton Fan Club, and its numbers are 
growing “l give her all the credit in the world, 
and I get very angry when somebody tries to 
make her into some sort of stereotype Ama- 
zon woman with a whip," said Una Accurso. 
41, coordinator of the Port Chester. New 
York, chapter. “She is just a woman who's 
going ahead rad uying to make it easier for 
the rest of us." 

The Port Chester woman rad other mem- 
bers are mystified by the ridicule, scorn and 
wisecracks — particularly the mocking spec- 
ulation about the Clinton marriage and about 
which Clinton really is running the White 

These fans ask: What kind of people would 
disparage a woman who has revolutionized 
the role of first lady and achieved so much as 
a mother and a career woman? 

“They’re jealous." said Rubye Jo Henson. 
82. coordinator of the McLoud, Oklahoma, 
chapter. “The men are jealous because they 
don't want a woman to be as smart as they 
are. And the women are almost the same way. 
They envy her." 

Mrs. CUmon is pleased by the favorable 
attention, said Ned Lattimorc, a spokesman 
for the first lady. “To have a fan duo is a very 
flattering thing" he said. “Mrs. Clinton is a 
fra of many, many people, rad Pm sure she's 
delighted that maybe she has some fans out 
there going through the effort of forming a 
group or a club." (API 

Quote/ Unquote 

Mr. Clinton, on possible retaliatory trade 
sanctions against Japan in the aftermath of 
the collapse of trade talks: 

“We're looking at several options. I’m not 
ruling anything out.” (API 

Lucius Clay Jr., Air Force General, Dies 

Away From Politics 

An 85-yearoM former Ironworker was UBed skydfrmg at Sheridan, 
Oregon, on his first attempt when his parachute failed to open. Lee 
Wellington Ferry Sr.'s chute failed to deploy automatically when be 
jumped out at 4,200 feet (1,200 meters). He did not poll the ripcord 
on his emergency chute. 

An abducted newborn boy was found safe Monday at the home of a 
nurse who police say took the baby from her mother in the maternity 
ward of Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami The police said the 
nurse, Carol Einhan Jordan, 45, told the mother it was time for the 
boy to be returned to the nursery for the night 

She was charged with false imprisonment. 

A newborn died after an ambulance crew argued with the mother 
about -which hospital to go to. 

Tracy Onega, 24, wanted to go to SL John’s Hospital in New York 
because her obstetrician is on staff there, but the crew preferred a 
hospital closer to her home. Twenty minutes later, the famfly said, 
the ambulance was on its way to SL John’s, four miles (6.5 kilome- 
ters) distant 

The baby died minutes after birth. 

The two ambulance crew members were suspended without pay 
pending an investigation. (AP) 

New York Times Service 

General Lucius Gay Jr., 74, a 
U.S. Air Force general who direct- 
ed operations in Vietnam and later 
headed the North American Air 
Defense Command, died Feb. 7 in 
Alexandria, Virginia. The cause 
was cardiac arrest and emphysema. 

In 1973, General Clay was 
named commander in chief of the 
North American Air Defense Com- 
mand and the U.S. Air Force Aero- 
space Defense Command. 

He retired two years later, end- 
ing a 37-year career that featured 
some of the highest positions and 
honors afforded by the military. 
Dr. Howard M. Temin, 59, 
Nobel Laureate Researcher 

New York Times Service 

Dr. Howard M. Temin, 59, a 
cancer researcher who was award- 
ed the Nobel prize for his role in 
discovering an enzyme that over- 
turned a central tenet of molecular 
biology, died of lung cancer 
Wednesday in Madison, Wiscon- 

The enzyme, reverse transcrip- 
tase, later played a crucial role in 

identifying the vim that causes 
AIDS. It also became the under- 
pinning of much of the biotechnol- 
ogy industry and was crucial to the 
genetic engineering that has pro- 
duced drugs such as human insulin. 

Dr. Temin, an ardent crusader 
against cigarettes, never smoked. 
His cancer was a type that is not 
linked to smoking, said officials of 
the University of Wisconsin, where 
he worked for 34 years. 

Benedict Enwonwn, 72, Nigeria's 
foremost sculptor, died in Lagos on 
Feb. 5. He was made a Member of 
the British Empire in 1958 and won 
Nigeria's National Merit Award in 

Laois Kaufman, 88, one of the 
most recorded violinists of this cen- 
tury, died of congestive bean fail- 
ure' Wednesday in Los Angeles. 
Mr. Kaufman made more than 125 
recordings of the classical reper- 
toire and was concenmasier for 
more than 400 movie sound tracks. 

Cardinal Joseph Cordeiro, 76. ra 
influential Catholic figure in Asia 
who had at one time been consid- 
ered a leading candidate for the 
papacy, died Friday in Karachi 

Pakistan, where he had been arch- 
bishop since 1958. 

Ignace Strasfogd, 84, a Polish- 
bom pianist, conductor and com- 
poser whose career spanned seven 
decades rad two continents, died 
Feb. 6 in New York City. Mr. 
Strasfogd was resident conductor 
of the Metropolitan Opera from 
1951 to 1974. 

Wiffiam Conrad, 73, the corpu- 
lent actor who starred in the televi- 
sion series “Jake and the Faraan" 
and “Cannon." died Friday in 

North Hollywood, California, of a 
heart attack. Among many other 
television rad film credits, he was 
the narrator of the BuDwinklc seg- 
ments of the animated series “The 
Bullwinkle Show”’ in 1961. 

Hal Smith, 77, who played the 
chunky, affable inebriate Otis 
Campbdl on “The Andy Griffith 
Show" during the 1960s, died in 
Santa Monica. California, on Jan. 
28, apparently of a heart attack. 
His well-known voice was also fea- 
tured in cartoons rad hundreds of 

Look for our in-depth 
Special Report on 



appearing on 


February 1 6 , 1994 


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U.S. Aide 
Talks to 

Junta Pressed 

To Free Burmese 

By William Branigin 

Washington Ptui Service 

BANGKOK — A U.S. congress- 
man met Monday with Daw Aung 
San Suu Kyi. the detained dissi- 
dent, and appealed to Burma's rul- 
ing military junta for her release 
after nearly five years of house ar- 

Representative William B. Rich- 
ardson, Democrat or New Mexico, 
conferred with the winner of the 
1991 Nobel Peace Prize at her 
bouse in Rangoon after meeting 
Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt, 
the first secretary of the ruling mili- 
tary junta, the State Law and Order 
Restoration Council. 

It was the first time that the junta 
has allowed Daw Aung San Suu 
Kyi to meet viators at her guarded 
home other than members of her 
immediate familv. 

Observers said the meeting was 
part of a junta effort to improve its 
image before a conference of the 
United Nations Human Rights 
Commission in Geneva next week. 

Before meeting Daw Aung San 
Suu Kyt, Mr. Richardson appealed 
to General Khin Nyunt for her re- 
lease. The general listened politely 
and apparently was noncommittal, 
according to a Western resident of 
Rangoon who is famili ar with the 
congressman's visit. 

The lawmaker was accompanied 
by Jehan Raheem, the UN repre- 
sentative in Burma. 

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. the 
daughter of a Burmese indepen- 
dence hero. U Aung San, has been 
held without charge or trial since 
July 1 989 because of her leadership 
of a democracy movement that was 
brutally suppressed by Burmese 
troops. Despite her detention, her 
National League for Democracy 
swept elections in May 1990, but 
the junta has refused to accept the 
results and turn over power. 

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi ap- 
peared in good health, a source 

Several world leaders, including 
President Bill Clinton, have called 
for her release. 

Mr. Richardson also visited 

Inkatha Appears Headed for a Fall 

three political prisoners at Ran- 
goon's Insein Jail and urged the 
junta to implement political re- 
forms. the source said. 

The junta claims to have released 
more than 2,000 political prisoners 
since April 1992. But there is no 
sign yet of any intention to free 
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, and hu- 
man rights groups said the junta's 
human rights record remains dis- 

In a human rights report issued 
Feb. 1, the State Department said 
the junta reacted harshly to even 
limited opposition to a “stage- man- 
aged'' convention to draw up a new 
constitution that would enshrine 
the military's role in running the 

One democracy delegate was 
sentenced to 20 years in prison for 
distributing information critical of 
the proceedings, the report said. 

By Bill Keller 

Sew York Tima Service 

Miller and Ziba Jiyane defected to 
the Inkatha Freedom Party last 
year from opposite directions. 

Mr. Miller came from the gov- 
erning white National Party. Mr. 
Jiyane from the black nationalist! 
of the Pan- Africanist Congress. 
Both were convinced that Inkatha 
— rooted in the tradition of South 
Af rica's largest tribe, the Zulus, but 
Western in its talk of federalist de- 
mocracy and free enterprise — 
would hold the political center in a 
democratic South Africa. 

That prospect dimmed Saturday, 
and may even have died, when In- 
katha leaders announced they 
would boycott the country’s first 
free elections. 

It is probably too early for an 
inquest, but disheartened insiders 
and former admirers have begun 
speaking of I nkatha as an African 
tragedy, a failure that will haunt 
the country as it emerges from 
white-minority rule. 

Some blame the party's mercuri- 
al leader. Chief Mangosutbu Buth- 
elezi, for letting petulance and 
wounded pride override his politi- 
cal judgment. 

Others blame the African Na- 
tional Congress for a campaign of 
violence and vilification that 
stirred insurmountable mistrust 
among Inkatha followers. 

But at heart the conflict arose 
from fundamentally different ideas 
of South Africa. Inkatba’s outlook 
and power base ultimately depend- 
ed on the overriding importance of 
ethnic identity, while the African 
National Congress repudiated trib- 
al politics as a vestige of apartheid. 

"Inkatha had a growing, nation- 
wide support base across cultural 
lines — whites. Asians, coloreds 
and Africans” said Mr. Miller, 
who became an Inkatha spokesman 

last July. "But when push became 
shove the internal politics of the 
Zulu nation itself took precedence 
over the wider picture.*’ 

The party could yet find its way 
onto the ballot, but with the dead- 
line for registration now past and 


only 10 weeks remaining until the 
election, no breakthrough is in 

On Sunday, Chief Buibdezi ral- 
lied his followers with war talk, 
telling them that they were targets 
of "ethnic cleansing” and calling 
on them to be prepared to die, but 
not to vote, to prevent an African 
National Congn»s victory. 

ft has been a grim evolution from 
Chief Buthelezi's younger days as 
one of South Africa's most ardent 
voices against white rule to this 
political last stand. 

Inkatha began as a Zulu cultural 
organization and for a few years in 
the late 1970s was a sister organiza- 
tion of the banned African Nation- 
al Congress. 

Chief Buibdezi waged his cam- 
paign from within the apartheid 
system, as chief minister of the 
homeland for Zulus, a strategy that 
had the blessing of many anti- 
apartheid liberals. 

He resisted official attempts to 
force full independence on the Zu- 
lus. and used his office as a plat- 
form to call for radal equality and 
the release of political prisoners 
like Nelson Mandela. 

"It never entered my mind untO 
a couple of years ago that we 
wouldn't be working with the 
ANG” said Suzanne Vos. a white 
journalist who became Chief Butb- 
elezi’s media adviser 10 years ago. 

The alliance degenerated into a 
violent power struggle when the 
African National Congress tried to 
dictate a more militant anti -apart- 
heid strategy in the Zulu region. 

Chief Butbelezi, intolerant of 
dissent, opposed school boycotts, 
and cracked down on students 
when they tried to dose schools in 
the Zulu homeland. Furious at the 
challenge to his domain, and evi- 
dently envious of the greater celeb- 
rity accorded black leaders in pris- 

King of the Zulus Renews 
Demand for Sovereignty 

Washington Pan Service 

JOHANNESBURG — While an estimated 50.000 Zulus waited out- 
side the City Hall in Durban. King Goodwill Zwelithini of the Zulus met 
with President Frederik W. de Klerk to renew demands that the Zulu 
monarchy have sovereign status in the new South Africa. 

Mr. de Klerk said later that Zulu aspirations could be accommodated 
with small changes in an interim constitution approved late last year. 

[At least one person was killed and one wounded Monday when Zulus 
fired guns into the air during the king’s meeting with Mr. de Klerk. 
Reuters reported from Durban.] 

The government and the African National Congress, which is expected 
to take power after elections in ApriL have indicated they are prepared to 
give symbolic status to the Zulu monarchy'. The Zulus are the country's 
largest tribe, with about 6 million members. 

DRAWL: Preparing for Move, Mercedes Immerses Executives in ’ Bama BOSNIA: 

Continued from Page 1 

lion outside Germany. BMW is 
preparing to open a new plant near 
Spartanburg. South Carolina. Mer- 
cedes has followed suit with its Ala- 
bama factory, scheduled to begin 
turning out 60.000 new "sport-util- 
itv" vehicles a vear beginning in 

The choice of Vance, announced 
on Sept- 30 after an eight-month 
search, “was a big surprise for all of 
us." said Andreas Renschler. 36. 
who headed the Mercedes site-se- 
lection team and will run the new 
factory. “When you think about 
Alabama, well, what do you think 
or Even when you ask’ a lot or 
Americans they say. ‘Oh. God.' But 
then you ask them if they know 
Alabama, and they say no.” 

Mercedes figures the cost of 
building the new- ear in Vance will 

be about 30 percent lower than it 
would be in Germany. Other ad- 
vantages are proximity to U.S. sup- 
pliers and dealers — about one- 
third of the vehicles likely will be 
sold in the United Slates — and a 
much lower cost of living for those 
moving aero« the Atlantic. 

“When you ask me. ‘Why Ala- 
bama.' it's hard to explain." Mr. 
RenschleT sard. “In the end, it’s a 
feeling, a gut feeling.” 

It's also a lucrative package of 
tax breaks 2 nd other enticements 
offered by the slate of Alabama 
and local authorities. Valued at 
more than 5250 million, the deal 
includes nearly 1.000 acres (400 
hectares) of land for a symbolic 
5100 payment from Mercedes. 

Alabama's governor. Jim Fol- 
som. sees the arrival of Mercedes as 
a chance to alter forever the stereo- 

type of Alabama as a racist back- 
water where order is maintained 
with fire hoses and police dogs. The 
plant he declared last lalL marks 
“a new day for Alabama, a day 
when we move 10 the forefront of 
economic development." 

To prepare Tor the move and 
begin the necessary acculturation, 
the team designing the new opera- 
tion has been segregated from Mer- 
cedes's main headquarters here in a 
small warren of buildings intended 
to be much more intimate than is 
common in German businesses. 
Work spaces are open, doors left 
ajar. Privacy, a cherished commod- 
ity in densely populated Germany, 
is being eradicated. 

A small but difficult issue is the 
question of how to address fellow 
employees. In speaking German, 
all but the closest friends and col- 
leagues are typically addressed us- 

ing the formal S:e form of the Ger- 
man “you." The casual du form is 
associated with first-name intima- 
cy and is reserved for relatives, chil- 
dren. God. docs and close pals. 
Yet. in the spirit of American infor- 
mality, the Vance team in Stuttgart 
has begun shifting to du and first 
names, a cuituraf leap that many 
find difficult. 

Threat Firm 

Confirmed from Page 1 

during debate on Bosnia. The U.S. 
delegate, Madeleine K_ Albright, 
warned the Bosnian Serbs: "You 

As for language, although most 
Germans have studied English in 
school no amount of preparation 
can fully prepare a foreigner for the 
dialect of north -centra] Alabama 

“My wife is German, and her 
English is very good, since she lived 
in the Slates for a couple years." 
Mr. Cannon sard. "But there have 
been times in talking to some of the 
folks from .Alabama when she el- 
bowed me and whispered. ‘What 
did be savr " 

have a choice. You can live up to 
your avowed desire for peace” or 
"you can take aggressive actions 
and invite bitter consequences.” 
"Our diplomacy must be backed 
try a willingness to use force when 
that is essential in the cause of 
peace.” she told the Security Coun- 
cil More than 50 cations w ere list- 
ed to speak, bat the debate wiH not 
lead to any resolution or vote. 

Although UN peacekeepers 
deny any spi with NATO over the 
steps needed to stop the lulling, 

steps needed to stop the killing, 
senior UN officers think radar 

TRADE: Clinton Says He’s 'Not Ruling Anything Out ’ After Japan Talks 

Continued from Page 1 

preparing the ground for trade sanctions." Nick 

Stamenkovic. an economist at DKB Interna- 
tional said in London as financial markets 

But Laura Tyson, bead of the Council of 
Economic Advisers, said the Clinton adminis- 
tration had many options. 

She said the cellular phone issue had a long 

history involving Motorola Inc„ which has 

complained for a long time of being denied 
access to Japan's markets. 

“Tomorrow is a decision day for where we 
are on that issue." she said. [AP, Reuters/ 

Pisul Blusicin of The Washington Past report- 
ed earlier from Tokyo; 

In response to the breakdown in trade nego- 
tiations, Japanese officials scrambled Monday 
to limit farther damage, vowing to undertake 
new efforts to lower trade barriers bv next 

Mr. Hosokawa told a meeting of top- level 
officials (ha: Japan wE take “voluntary mea- 
sures to reduce its trade surplus by the time of 
the next summit meeting of the Group of Seven 
industrialized countries in Ju]v. 

Other officials m a d e similar comments and 
the deputy chief cabinet secretary. Nobuo Ishi- 
bara. stud "emergency" meetings would be held 
this week to consider ways of opening the 
Country's markets and imrurang the surplus. 




Mcf:-, V- H* fceorf Agency. 
ji? ■ iff 66 *6 Daily 



(Continued From Page 7) 


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monitoring of Safe guns, backed by 
the threat of air attack if the cease- 
fire is violated, would be enough to 
ensure compfiance. 

However, a NATO source said: 
"If the weapons are still in the 
hands of the Serbs, they could be 
fired at anv moment 

"Control is a strong word in (he 
English lan guage ," a NATO source 
said. "It means that you prevent 
the weapons from being fired. For 
that they have to be in the hands of 
UNPROFOR" on Monday. 

The source said that high-level 
contacts w ere un der way "to try to 
get UNPROFOR to have the same 
understanding” as NATO on what 
Bosnian Serbs besieging Sarajevo 
must do to avoid air strikes. 

At the UN session. China’s dep- 
uty delegate, Chen Jian, said force 
should be limited to the defense of 
UN troops. “On the use of air 
strikes, we cannot bat express anxi- 
ety and concern,” he said. 

Russia, while not criticizing 
NATO, suggested the council need- 
ed to adopt a "proper" resolution 
that would include the latest call 
for a cease-fire and the withdrawal 
and regrouping of how weapons 
by combatants around Sarajevo. 

NATO went further and im- 
posed a Thursday deadline for 
combatants to remove or regroup 
their heavy weapons under UN 
control, a provision not specifically 
ordered by the counciL 

I Reuters, AP/ 

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ftistcafc 0800 1753# 

Rough Course for True Love 

French Hardenktg Hearts onlnmiigration 

By Roger Cohen 

Alien 1 York Times Service 

PARIS — Quietly sobbing in the Hth-cen 
hall of the central Paris law courts,' ayoung Frc 

authorities had discovered several n etworks ftat* 1 
arranged marriages between French crtizens aDd j 

woman learned the other day that her quest to 
•marry the Algerian man she loves had. been: frus-. 

(rated once agam. 

"I am completely bewildered," said th* Woman,' 
Fabienne Bricet, a 24-year-dd communications 
student. "Something escapes me in this. The 
French state does not want me togetmanied. .-And 
against the state, 1 seem to be powerless. Why?” 
Miss Bricet’s ordeal began last year when she 
and Ahmed KJudifa decided to manyin a country 
that has become hostile to immi gr a tion and con- 
vinced that love is often a camouDage for attempts 
to obtain French citizenship. . - •• 

Lawyers and human-rights advocates assert that 
couples like Mr. Khefifa and Miss Bricet are being 
caught up in a tightening web of security devised 

lOnagnCaS SGCKJUK ui ww i a i y - . 

Lathe casetf Miss Bricet, aiewday^aftex the 
marriage banns were published ai Qty Hall for 4;' > 
wedding on June 19, 1993, the couple received ‘a . 
written request to appear ax theff local .ppbty:'" ; 
station “tit view oL the coming marriage, shesmt 
Assured by a police officer that the procerfun: 
was routine, she' .nonetheless consulted a • 

who received the same assurance* ^ 4 

Kfadifo went to the appmntmsflt on June 14: Mr. ^ 
Khefifa, a 25-year-dd ronner student erf French at < 

Paris University whose temporary, raadatce. i 
~ mil expired in 1 992, was^ mBnedhtidy taken • 

. - - .r--t a fnv ilmn \ 


On June 20,^ (Ity-aftet tfe planned wedtfiag^*- 
Mr. was bundled onto a flight to AJgma.-. ' 

In Mniflar cases, other tribunals, notably in Ver*-' ‘ 

Edouard Bahadur to prevent, or at least faindav 
mixed marriages. 

. “Systematically, city officials throughout 

France are now informing the police and public 
prosecutors when a French citizen andafeffeigner. 

WHMr DkbAbMRMce Fnnce-PkHK 

Zulu warriors chanting war songs as they arrived in Durban on Monday to bear King Goodwin ZwefitMnf cafl for tribal independence. 

on or exile, be distanced himself 
more and more from the A fr ic an 
National Congress. 

He opposed the congress's cads 
for economic sanctions and armed 
resistance, . and adopted a fierce 
anti-Communism when the con- 
gress counted the Communists as 
loyal allies. 

The African National Congress, 
especially its militant young adher- 
ents, derided Chief Buthdezi as a 
stooge of apartheid. The congress 
won educated, urban Zulus over by 
persuasion, but its followers also 
won poorer precincts of Natal by 
armed conquest 

Inkatha estimates that over the 
years 350 of its organizers and lead- 
ers have been man, breaking the 
party's faith in c omp romise. 

Appalled by Chief Bnthdezfs 
authoritarian leadership style and 
the disclosure in 1991 that he took 
secret financing from the South Af- 
rican miUiaiy, liberals gradually 
deserted him. 

He retained the respect of con- 
servative whites here and abroad 
who yearned for a black leader will- 
ing to stand op to the African Na- 
tional Congress. They believed In- 
katha was bound to overshadow 
President Frederik W. de Klerk’s 
National Party, with its Afrikaner 
accents and its apartheid tamish. 
In negotiations for a new constitu- 
tion, they supported Chief Buthcle- 
zfs demand for nearly complete 
autonomy for provincial govern- 

But as the African National 
Congress pressed in on his strong- 
hold. Chief Buthdezi needed more 
than white conservatives. He fell 
back increasingly on the tradition- 
ally minded Zulus for support 

The strategy cost him the sup- 
port of many educated, middle- 
class Zulus, who may have cher- 
ished their Zulu roots but did not 
identify with a holy crusade. 

especially a black or a North African, announce 
thmr intention to many,” said Simon Foreman, a 
lawyer for Miss Bricet. “Investigations are then 
conducted and, in many inanmeas, the foreigner 
deported. I now take on three or four cases a 
month of this kind, where I rarely saw them be- 

Since the Balladur goyennnent took office last 
March p romising to curb immi gration, Interior. 
Minister Charles Pasqua has prodaimed that 
France wants to be a country of “zero inmrigra- 
tiou” and recently vowed to fill “buses, planes, and 
boats” with deponed illegal immigrants. He has 
not only introduced laws making h- harder to, 
obtain French citizenship but has also relentlessly 
focused on preventing what he calls a rash of 
manages bkates — marriages of convenience to 
obtain identity papers. 

With about 60 percent of French people saying 
they approve of such measures, the campaign 
seems to be popular in a country where the unem- 
ployment rare is more than 11 percent and where 
immigrants are widely blamed ter economic woes. 

While there are certainty people who many 
solely for citizenship, the government campaign 
appears to have become a cover for making all 
mixed marriages more difficult. Because officials 
routinely inform police of planned mixed mar- 
riages, several hundred couples have been separat- 
ed recently, said Laurent Giovanni unofficial with 
a Christian aid group called Cimade that helps 
immigr ants ... 

Asked to coimnrot, an Interim Ministty spokes- 
man, Pierre Meshenx, refused to take a phone calL 
But government officials defend their policy by 
noting that the number of mixed marriage* rose to 
30,500 in 1991 from 23:200 in 1986 and that the 

On July 26, 1993, Miss ; left for. Onn^ - 
Algeria, to tty to marry her boyfriend in his hotoe : 
town. The Frencb Omsniare &cliBed .to martyv< 
them because h can only marry two Fre ach ^c iB- _^ 
mw, ' and the amsd-generaL Qmstme Robicfion, 
declined to receive ’them. In responre toa reguest ~ : 
for a French visa for Mri Khchfa, Ms. Robicbcn 
wrote on Aik. 22 that no visa could be delivered ■ 
because benad been ordered- dq>orced-frooj 
French territory. Several lawyers; indotfing Mr. -. 
Foreman,. said this ruling by^ls. Robicfaon was.' 
illegal becaiise dc^rtat^ ^ould not prgudice 
future visa requests. - ‘ , ' . . . * 

Mob Bricet then tried agam fo maity in Algeria ’ 
but was told ty tire. Algerian authorities that she ; . 
needed a residence permit, whkk. she could obtain- 
only if riKi was already'tnarried'to aat-Alieri^i or 
had a- work cratracL With Temwist yidtenoe^ 
against forrigners iiKireasmgm^gcria. ^rire finally . 
left on SqiL 28. Dir Dec. 5,' the Frc^'wnsia- • 
general in Oran again demecT Mr. Khrafa a visa- A ; 

“T am exhansted,”' said Miss Bricet, a ^ighi V 
woman with pale blue eyes. “I have taken a party ; 
time job in a. shop bat wlretl .eam .does not ewaa 
cover my interne diQs to Oran. A whole series b£:; 

befiefe I W about my country and the ri^ierof die /. 
individual here harejust conapscd/ty .; . ‘ 

Mr. Foreman presented & lawsuit inJatmary xo .. 
the Paris tribunal arguing tbat MisS_Bricet had 
been denied n ..'basic: right by - the_ arjtions oi the -, , 
consul-general, the police, and the Foreign Minis- 
try. "Ihe right to many isa fuadameotal I&dty,” . 
be argued. ■ ■ . ' ; *.-•: 

But an Jan. 24, the comt.rifid, that it did.nbt 
have jmisdhaion on tire qttestkin a vm 

Khehfa. The decisipri effamwiyTDemtt that dre 
Gcmnal of Sale, oaeof thesqirenre jcuiicial an- .. 
thorities in' France, wotid have to decide-— - a 
process hkdy to take two yeaiv v _■ . 

Oose to gnring tro hope. Miss Bricet said: ! “I?s 
igic. Ahmed is talented, inteffigeat, tderanu He 

be a- bjg phis -for/ 

it, toleranL'He 

J. . -V 

Israeli Aide The Tortuous Road" 

Is Charged 
With Fraud 

To Malaria Faceine 

i*.-' v’ ' ■■ ;• 

By David Hoffman 

WashmgUHi Peat Service 

JERUSALEM — Simdu Din- 
itz, chairman of the quasi-govem- 
mental Jewish Agency and a for- 
mer Israeli ambassador to 
Washington in the 1970s, was 
charged Monday with serious fraud 
and breach of trust involving per- 
sonal use of agency credit cards. ' 

Mr. Dinitz announced he was 
taking a leave of absence from his 
post to fight the charges. He said he 
was innocent. 

The indictment, following a long 

police investigation, charged that 
Mr. Dinitz, 64, had made personal 

Mr. Dinitz, 64, had made personal 
purchases at such stores as Macy's 
and Bloomingdale's using an 
American Express card issued by 
the agency, and that he had also 
misused a credit card from the 
clothing retailer Syms. 

Prosecutors alleged that Mr. 
Dinitz purchased 523,000 in dott- 
ing, furniture, gifts snd cosmetics 
with the credit cards. 

In Israeli news media reports 
over the last year, Mr. Dinitz has 
been depicted as a high-flying exec- 
utive who ignored warnings that he 
was violating agency rules and who 
had expensive tastes white on agen- 
cy business. 

* The issue is sensitive because the 
Jewish Agency is a major redpieni 
of charity donations from Jews 
around the world. The agency is 
chmged with bringing new immi- 
grants to Israd. 

WASHINGTON —The long quest for a yacdae to combat malaria, 
which is believed tokfUas mariy as 3 million people! kyear, appears to bis 
nearing its gpaL ■■■■.-■■ - r *. . • 

An experiroemal vaccine, developed by Cotombian saentists and 
alreoiy tested in more than 20,000 prople,^ Is Stowing such good results 
that international health officials say it cook! be ready for gcberal osein 
four years. • 

The vaccine does not prevent infection by the malaria parasite, but 
does reduce tire mmiber of attads among- children . the hardest-hit 
group — by as much as 77 percent in eariy stndies. 

Results from the fnurf phase of testing — in 600 Tanzanian children 
who otherwise have a nearly 100 percent chance . of getting the most 
serious form of malaria — will not. be complete until October. But 
findings to bepabtished this week in the British journal^ Vaccine show tire 
vaccine induces a “arong mmnnre rOTonse? without sMr effects. • - 
“I find it very exciting,” said Tore Godai. head of the world’s leading 
scientific organization fighting tropical diseases. ' " ' ' 

The vaccine is being developed at a time whri& resistance is increasing 
to drags used to treat malaria. 

Tire vaccine testing' is being done under the aegis of Mr. GodaTs 
Special Program for Research and Trainings Tropical Disease, which is 

funded mainly by the United Nations Development Program, the World 
Bank ami the World Health Organization. 

The vaccine was developed in 1988 by MaflueJZE. Patarroyo and 
coDcagnesat the National University bf Cotombia in Bocpth. . . . 

Jost as the first success against malaria is cominginio vrew, Mr. Godai 
said Ire feared the US. Agency fire International Devdopnrenl may be 
abewt to withdraw most of its support. Last year AID supplied $3 miffion 
of the $30 million annual budget for the Special Program for Research 
and^ Training m Tropical Disease. This year, he said, the agency has solar 
assured Mm only of $500,000. . 

If full UB. support does not come thr o u gh , Mr. Godai said, other 
donor countries will object. . 

An AID spokesman. Jay Byrne, said his agency would cut back funds 
m several areas. He said AID m ig ht have to take money from programs 
that help fewer people so that it can rive to programs that help more. He 
said m a laria causes 25 percent of dSdhodn deaths in tire Third World; 
but diarrheal diseases accoont for 38 percent and would, therefore; have a 
stronger claim on funding. - 

Malaria, caused by a parasite transmitted in the bites of infected 
mosquitoes, begins with fewer, dulls, sweats and severe headaches. 

abewt to withdraw most of its support. Last 
of the $30 milli on annual budget for the S 

— jn^— ■_» ■- -■ TV 

SPY: A CIA Cold War Coup, With tire Help of Poland 

Co n tin u ed from Page 1 

the other way. The Poles "were the 
chink in tire Soviet armor,” said 
one US. intelligence source. “What 
they provided was a turnkey opera- 
tion. Not only could you go {tick 
from tire menu of items that they 
had available, but over time you 
gained confidence that once you 
made that selection, and once they 
had agreed to that sale, all other 
things would ToDow in due coarse.” 
U.S. officials said they had no 
direct evidence that General Wqj- 
ciech Jaruzdski, the Polish leader 
at (he time, was personally in- 
volved. but several said that there 

must have been tacit approval from 
the highest levels of the Defense 


“The only way was from the top 
down; you could not do it from the 
bottom up,” said a former UJS. 
imeflizence officer. 

In the air defense deal officials 
from Poland and a second, uniden- 
tified Warsaw Fact nation that pro- 
vided the equipment, shared a pay- 
ment of $40 mfiioo to S50 million 
for a full battery, including surface- 
to-air missiles, sensitive radar and 
hundreds of specialized compo- 
nents that the Pentagon had not 
previously examined. 

The clandestine program to boy 
Soviet weapons “was the. cheapest 
strategic asset we had," said Gener- 
al Edward C. Meyer, now retired, 
the U-S. Armv chief of staff in 

1979-83, who oversaw its early 
stages, "Anything accurate that we 
knew in those days about enemy 
capabilities could save us bflfioas 
of dollars in the development 

A CIA spokesman declined com- 
ment, but other intelligence sources 

confirmed (be deals and Poland’s 
role as the largest provider of War- 
saw -Pact arms throughout the 

The deals were carried out dur- 
um a period of heightened East- 
west tensions and subservience by 
Soviet bloc defense ministries to 
Moscow. Poland, in particular, was 
an object Of cc onrwmr- flmnfi ony 
because of General JafuzebftiY 
suppression of the Solidarity labor - 
movement in 1981. 

General Jarnridsld, in a recent 
interview, said he bad not approved 
or been aware of snch transactions, 
and he called them “almost com- 
pletely improbable." He said Mos- 
cow kept a dose tye on systems 
sent to Poland and & government" 
would not have planned or con- 
sented to such deals. ■ 

Bathe added that he cottid not 
absolutely rule out tire possibility 
that Soviet weapons technology 
eventually reached the United 
States, perhaps through: other 
countries.; “You- must remember 
that' sometimes money 'can 
miracles,” he sakL 

Unlike the Ceansescu fanrily and 

most other Fast European Com- 
munist leaders. General Jarozdsfci 
maintained* sparum lifestyle and 
was never.accnsed of using his po- 

In a 1991 interview, when a simi- 
lar question was posed to General 

Jaruzdski after the published re-' 

p ort o f Rpmama’s role in the dan- - 
destine operation, he denied any 
knowledge but left the door openu 
"Ycir know " be sad/’lf such 
business is taking place, it occur; 
on different levels, and the so- 
called -‘top floor’, of the deriskm- 
makens- retains: the comfort, the 
privilege, .of being unaware of 
things ^happening on the lower 

. A* With - those inrolviiig Romih 
ma and the-otber Soviet bloc com* 
tries,- flre Pofish sales were struc- 
tured. to" afford officials 
“draiabjlity” UJS. intdli^mce 
typfc^ wotked through a sdeef 
grcti^ rffOTdgn imermrdiaricS tq 
M^mtefe copylex tnatsactions. 
POCtiBoeitta&m.was {uepared list- - 
ing ptoraHe .deviations for the 
mataielsudiasSoviet alfies m the 
Middle East 

Die Um teri Stales paid the Poles • 
mdirecily, i estabHshmg liters of overseas acconnts. Oocc ; 
tire Petita^bai gave the order, the' 

an . 

agBOCFy CftQod Ga mn tfitit ■ 

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Page 6 


O P I N I O N 



wrni tiik isk » xikk tiuks wii tiik wvsuinc.-ton post 

Sri b Ult C Shultz on Bosnia: 'The Ultimate End of a Disgrace 

Upbeat on the Economy 

S AN DIEGO, Calif. — “It is the ultimate 
end of a disgrace.” 

Slowly but successfully, (be American eco- 
nomy seems at last to have worked its way 
through two decades' accumulated policy er- 
rors and resulting disasters. For the first time 
in years, official Washington's midwinter Fore- 
casts speak of strong performance ahead. One 
reason for it is the decline in the federal deficit, 
an achievement being loudly celebrated by the 
Clinton administration as it publishes its bud- 
get for next year. But there is more, and the 
optimism goes well beyond the While House. 

That most cautious of observers, Federal 
Reserve Board Chairman Alan Greenspan, 
concedes that the foundations of growth "are 
looking increasingly well entrenched.'' Robert 
Reischauer of the Congressional Budget Of- 
fice. whom one senator described as "some- 
what of a dark messenger" in the past, sees 
years of steady growth ahead. Mr. Greenspan 
points out that the core inflation rate is now 
lower than at any time since the early 1970s. 
when it was sent soaring by the Vietnam War 
and the first of the oil crises. Next year, the 
CBO calculates, the budget deficit will be 
smaller in proportion to the size of the econo- 
my than in any year since 1979. As a result of 
those two things, interest rates are low, and 
business investment is rising powerfully. 

Oddly, in the 1980s it was not only the 
Federal deficit but private debt that soared. It 

was as though the passion to live on borrowed 
money were being carried by a virus that 
started an epidemic of loose financial behav- 
ior reaching from the national government to 
banks, corporations and families’ living rooms. 
But now the epidemic seems to have passed. As 
President Bill Clinton and Congress have done 
with the federal deficit, Mr. Greenspan repons, 
business and households have made substan- 
tial gains in working down their debts. Banks 
have managed to strengthen their capital, en- 
abling them to lend more easily than a year 
ago, which in turn supports further growth. 

There are certain risks to this happy pro- 
spect. The greatest, the CBO observes in its 
midwinter review, are abroad. The economies 
of Western Europe and Japan are in serious 
trouble, and if conditions there deteriorate 
further the results could feed quickly back 
into the United States. The turmoil in Russia 
could affect America in many ways. These 
domestic forecasts are always vulnerable to 
events far beyond the borders of the country. 
What Americans can control directly is their 
habit of living dangerously on borrowed 
money, in both their public and private bud- 
gets. There, at lasL they are making real 
progress — with real results now beginning 
to be visible in jobs and incomes. 


u end of a disgrace.” 

That was how George Shultz began when 
I asked him what be thought of President BiD 
Clinton’s new policy on Bosnia. The adminis- 
tration is jo ining European governments in 
pressing the Bosnians to accept "reasonable” 
toms for dismemberment of tbeir country. 

“What the United States is supporting." 
the forma secretary of state said, “is a way to 
put the Bosnians in a prison — with no way to 
get anywhere except with the permission of 
the people around them." 

Serbian aggression and “ethnic cleansing" 
have left the government of Bosnia in control 
of only a small area around its capital. Saraje- 
vo, and a few other islands of territory. There 
is no way to drive in or out of those places 
except through roadblocks maimed by Serbi- 
an, or in a few cases Croatian, forces. 

“The whole thing is an immense tragedy ,” 
Mr. Shultz said “An d it has all sens of 
repercussions. The way we're behaving in 
Bosnia is being closely watched by the Rus- 
sians” as a test of Western wfflL 

By Anthony Lewis 

“The Muslim world is watching- They're 
convinced it is an effort to get the Muslims 
out of Europe. That was some message when 
the prime ministers of Pakistan and Turkey 
went to Sarajevo the other day. 

“From the standpoint of human rights, of 
strategic thinking and of mieraaUonaT norms 
there are huge American interests — and 
nobody seems to pay any attention.” 

Mr. Shultz has beat critical previously of 
the American failure, starting with the Bush 
administration, to resist Serbian aggression 
in the former Yugoslavia. But when I 

reached him by telephone on Friday in his 
office at the Hoover institution on the Stan- 

ford University campus, he spoke with a 
particular urgency and pain. 

“What needed to be done from the start,” 
be said “and it could still be done, late as it 
is, is to reduce the Serbian power to make 
war. And you can do that without putting a 
single soldier on the ground. You use air 

power — but not to hit artillery pieces. The 
way to get people's attention is to hit behind 
the lines at sources of supply. 

“And the arms embargo — that makes no 
sense: We should be supplying the Muslims. 
You have to give the Sobs credit They’ve out- 
negotiaied us. Thry’re makmg fools of us." 

“It could have been stopped at the begin- 
ning,” Mr. Shultz said, when the Sabs attacked 
Croatian} 1991. “J{ ccc]d have been stopped a 
year and a half ago.” when they began aggres- 
sion and genocide in Bosnia. “Even if tboe is 
some sort of negotiated settlement now. h 
won’t work There mil be guerrilla war." 

Most people concerned with the Yugoslav 
disaster, even those who would agree with Mr. 
Shultz’s strong criticism of Bush and CKmon 
policy, think it is too late to pat Bosnia back 
together as the multi-religious state it was. 
The U.S. policy record is mpralfy and politi- 
cally terrible, they would say, but R is past. 
Tbe only way to Sop the figh ting sow u an 
agreed dismemberment 

But if that is to be the policy, Mr. Shultz’s 
comments are an important warning: The 

West should not By to. fos* “ 
victims a division of teratoiy *at leaves them 
with a nonviable state, at the mercy of thear 
tonnentois. The present map, with its Wile 
;danH« of government-held terntoty, would 
he a recipe ror harassment and, as Mr. Shultz 
said, guerrilla war. A romp Bosnian state 
must at least consst of connasedjiratory, 
accessible without permission of Serbian and 
Croatian soldiers ai roadblocks. 

■ Qinion administration <OTCjals have tour . 

reporters that they will not put pressure on. 
Bosnia to accept an impossible territorial set- ■ 
tlemenl but rather will wok to meet Bosnia s 
“reasonable requirements.” It is in Amenca s 
urgent interest, political and moral to -tap 

that promise at mast . 

Talking with George Shultz made me wish, . 
again, that he oc someone erf his strength and 

been secretary of state when • 
Serbia began its onslaught He would have 
put enough backbone into President George 
^ icsng an ultimatum to Serbia then and 
avert the tragedy that has followed weakness. 

. The New York Times. 

Is It Genocide or Isn’t It? Senior U.S. Officials Are Loath to Say 

W ASHINGTON — Since late 
summer 1992 tbe executive 

By Richard Johnson 

Bosnians Should Decide 

NATO’s response to the Feb. 5 mortar 
attack on tbe Sarajevo market is not limited to 
threatening air strikes against the Serbian 
gunners ringing the city, the presumed au- 
thors of the atrocity. It also includes intensi- 
fied diplomatic pressure on tbe gunners' tar- 
get, the Bosnian government, pressure that 
Europe wants Washington to apply. Thai is 
the nub of the trans-Atlantic deal that 
clinched NATO’s 10-day bombing ultimatum 
last Wednesday. European allies finally ac- 
cepted Washington’s idea of using air power 
to relieve besieged civ ilians in the Bosnian 
capital; in exchange, the Clinton administra- 
tion finally agreed to join European efforts to 
prod all sides into a peace agreement 
Peace on terms acceptable to aB the com- 

batants would be a worthy achievement But a 
peace agreement imposed on unwilling Bosni- 

ans would be an invitation to renewed war. 

Twisting tbe arms of the Bosnian govern- 
ment, the aggrieved party in this conflict 
would offend American values. It would also, 
if the administration follows through on its 
repeated public commitments, obligate sub- 
stantial American ground forces to monitor, 
and therefore enforce, a sullen imposed peace. 
Such a peace would probably be resisted by 
militias from all Bosnian factions, and create 
a Balkan Mogadishu with plenty of mountains 
and forests to camouflage guerrilla snipers. 

What matter most now are the limits Wash- 
ington puts on its diplomatic efforts. Despite 
gains in Bosnia's military strength, govern- 

ment forces have no realistic chance to recov- 
er all the territories lost to Serbian and Cro- 
atian aggression and insurgency. It would 
bring no shame to the United States to remind 
Bosnian authorities of that painful truth. 

Beyond that reminder, Washington can 
constructively ask whaL the minimum provi- 
sions are, in territorial integrity and transit 
corridors, that Bosnia will accept. Bosnian 
leaders reasonably insist on control ova in- 
dustrial areas of central Bosnia, adequate 
(inks between Sarajevo and other besieged 
government cities farther east and maritime 
outlets to international commerce. 

If Washington comes back with Bosnian 
terms that it considers reasonable, it can then 
ask West European governments and Russia to 
seek Serbian and Croatian agreement If the 
Sabs and Croats refuse, the administration 
then must think about reviving its earlier pre- 
ferred course, working to lift the United Na- 
tions arms embargo so that the Bosnians can 
fairly fight on, at risk mainly to themselves. 

Sooner or later the Bosnian war, now 22 
months old, will grind to an exhausted end. 
The peace is likely to be almost as ugly as the 
war has been. But the final responsibility for 
reaching (hat peace can lie only with the Bosni- 
an contenders themselves — all of them. For 
NATO or the Clinton administration to pre- 
tend otherwise would be to invite themselves 
into a quagmire that would serve no humani- 
tarian purpose and advance no vital interest. 


brandi of the U.S. government, in 
tbe Bush and Clinton administra- 
tions, has come under significant 
pressure to make an unequivocal 
determination that the Serbian cam- 
paign in Bosnia constitutes genocide 
under the 1948 UN Genocide Con- 
vention. These pressures have trig- 
gered statements by senior State De- 
partment officials and by the 
president, particularly since Decem- 
ber 1992, that implicitly or explicitly 
address the issue of whether geno- 
cide is under way in Bosnia. 

Some of these come very dose to 
saying “yes." However, none makes 
a clear and unequivocal determina- 
tion that Serbian leaders are waging 
genocide in Bosnia and that the 
moral and legal obligations of the 
Genocide Convention apply. 

Instead, administration state- 
ments have typically asserted that 
the Serbian campaign “borders on 
genocide,” or that “certain actions" 
by “Bosnian Serbs” have been “tan- 
tamount to genocide” or constitute 
“acts of genocide." 

The writer is a fanner head of the State Department’s Yugoslav desk. This 
comment is adapted from a papa- written at the National War College, where 
he u studying in preparation for a new State Department past. 

■er to prove than genocide) or end- 
ing the killing in Bosnia (through a 
“negotiated settlement”). 

However, some of these as well as 

However, some of these as well as 
other State Department officials 
also acknowledge that poScymakers 
at the White House and at the State 
Department have shown little inter- 
est in riwiring up the questions that 

The president has chosen, 
never explicitly to 
address die matter of 
whether Serbian leaders 
are engaged in genocide. 

their military commandos are re- 
sponsible, would produce more po- 
litical pressure to take effective ac- 
tion, including the use of face, to 
aid and punish the genocide. 

Ai a mtiimiim, such a determina- 
tion would imHwminft the credibil- 
ity of Western policies that rely on 
“pace talks,” mediated by the 
United Nations and the European 
Union, to reach a “voluntary setrie- 

bc statements were notfollowed up 
by any internal u«irtngg within the 
State Department to build up cases 

against these leaders. 

In mid-December 1992, the 
United States voted for a UN Gen- 

eral Assembly resolution on Bosnia 
which stated that Serbian “ethnic 

.warring tact 

In August 1992 the State Depart- 
ment confirmed that Serbian-run 
“detention centos” in Bosnia fea- 
turing systematic killing and torture 
were a significant problem. The 
State Department then initialed a 
process of submitting data on war 
crimes in Bosnia to the UN War 
Crimes Commissioa. 

However, lead action on compil- 
ing these submissions was aligned 
to a Foreign Service officer in the 
Human Rights Bureau with no prior 
knowledge of Balkan affairs, and to 
a short-term State Department in- 
tern just out of college. 

In mid-December 1992, Acting 
Secretary Lawrence Eagieburger 
broke new ground in drawing paral- 
lels between S er b ian behavior in 
Bosnia and Nazi behavior, naming 
senior Serbian leaders as h earing 
responsibility for war crimes and 
crimes against humanity in Bosnia, 
and citing some of the questions 
they should face. However, his pub- 

There are two hypothetical expla- 
ations for such equivocation. One 

nations for such equivocation. One 
is that further collection and assess- 
ment of evidence are needed before 
a dear determination can be made. 

Several Stare Department and 
National Security Council officials 
put forward this explanation in 
more or less explicit terms. These 
officials would often also assert that 
the genocide issue may be of moral 
and historical interest but is no! of 
operational importance in terms of 
pursuing justice < war crimes are eas- 

supporedly stand in the way of an 
unequivocal finding of genocide. 
There has never been a presidential 
or NSC directive to the State De- 
partment and intelligence agencies 
to conduct research and analysis 
aimed at establishing whether there 
is a good case against Slobodan Mi- 
losevic and others for genocide in 
Bo snia, Nor has there been any mo- 
bilization of resources to this end. 

The other explanation is that poli- 
cymakers have opted for equivoca- 
tion because an explicit, unequivo- 
cal determination that genocide is 
under way in Bosnia, and that Mr. 
Milosevic, Radovan Karadzic and 

de&nsmg” is a form of genocide. 
However, the executive branch 
never followed up by citing or us- 
ing thic determination as a basis for 
Western policies. 

More equivocal statements tend 
to be made by more senior officials, 
less equivocal statements by lesser 
officials. The president has, largely 
in response to questioning, repeat- 
edly drawn some degree of analogy 
between the Holocaust and the pre- 
sent cxtermhifliimi of Bosni- 

ans. But be has chosen never explic- 
itly to address whether Serbian 

itiy to address whether Serbian 
leaders are engaged in genocide. 

■ Warren Christopher volunteered 
during his confirmation hearings 
thatthe Serbian campaign of “et£- 

n iff rlwmang ” was ir wilttng in “near 

al conditions.” But he has never 
raised the since becoming sec- 

retary, and his most extensive com- 
ments on the matter rinr» thm un- 
der questioning on May 18;, 1993, 
before tbe House Foreign Affaire 
Committee, are also tbe most equi- 
vocal presentation by any adminis- 
tration officials since tbe be ginning 
of the war in Bosnia. 

These comments triggered an ex- 
traordinary memo to the secretary 
from the acting assistant se cr et ary 
for human rights leuiindmg him 
that Serbian and Bosnian Sab 

forces were responsible fat die vast 
majority of war crimes in Bosnia. 

policymakers do not have 
better information about realities in 
the Balkans ihan do the lesser offi- 
cials who have sought to bring them 
to make dearer statements on geno- 
cide. Some tight is shed on their 
thinking , in rejecting bureaus* re- 
commendations by comments made 
by Undersecretary Peter Tarooff 
and Counselor Wirth at an April 28, 
1993, State Department luncheon 
for Erie WdseL 

Mr. Weisd argued that whether 
or not genocide was under way in 
Bosnia, the’ Serbian concentration 
camps and mass murders there con- 
stituted a moral imperative for deri- 
sive outride intervention. Mr. Tar- 
naff lock the point but noted that 
failure in B osnia would destroy the 
Clinton presidency. Mr. wirth 
agreed with Mr. weisd that the 
moral stakes in Bosnia were high. 

Tbe stray told above is one of 
many failures. Senior policymakers 
have failed to level with die Ameri- 
can people cm the nature of the 
moral and security challenge that 
America faces in the Balkans. Lesser 
officials, have failed to resist the ob- 
fuscation of their seniors. 

Outside the executive branch, the 
broad range of interested observers 
who see Mr. Milosevic’s camp ai g n 
for a greater Serbia as an instance of 
genoadal aggression lhattbe-Unit — 
ed Slates must confront have failed 
to apply coherent and sustained 
pressure to force at least a straight- 
forward executive branch statement 
on’ the genocide issue. 

The Washington Post 

Spoilers in South Africa Exclusion and Nationalism: The Populist New Right in Europe 

-l T1 ARIS— Wflliam Faulkner, near- William Ptafl Franr* was- nf a re-rtsm astonish, ti^hIv artrminrpH trader nt Fran re' 

For a coalition of right-wing white South 
African separatists, tbe thought of three cen- 
turies of racial dominance coming to an end is 
unbearable. Their campaign for a separate 
whites-only election in an Afrikaner home- 
land was thoroughly rejected by South Afri- 
ca's main political players, so the extremists 
now have derided to play a new role — that of 
spoilsport. But they should not be allowed to 
derail South Africa’s transition to democracy. 

Instead of contesting for a role in shaping 
their country's future, these rgectionists have 
announced through their umbrella party', the 
Afrikaner Volksfront, that they will not cast 
ballots alongside the black majority in April. 
They will boycott South Africa's first non- 
racial elections in 340 years. Their bitterness 
at the likelihood of Nelson Mandeb and the 
African National Congress winning power, 
however, will not keep them at home on 
election day. Besides offering not-so-veiled 
threats of violence during the coming cam- 
paign — and they have the paramilitary forces 
to spread terror — members of the Volksfront 
have vowed to disrupt the post-apartheid gov- 

ernment through acts of civil disobedience, 
not paying taxes, for example. And the pity is 
that Afrikaner resistance to black majority 
rule has found tactical alliance with some 
South African blacks, in the form of forces 
principally led by the Inkatha Freedom Party 
leader, Mangosulbu ButbelezL 
The tide of history is against them, and 
they must know it. Apartheid is dead, and 
the guns of a minority within a minority will 
not bring it back. Chief Bulbelezi, especially, 
has to decide how he will be recorded during 
South Africa’s rendezvous with history. He 
can, as he has up to now, make trouble. But 
only as a nuisance, not as a stopper — too 
many people, black and white, want the 
election and the new government to work. It 
would be a belter transition if Chief Buthe- 
lezi. his forces and the black homelands 
would end their hold-out and join with the 
African National Congress and President 
Frederik W. de Klerk's outgoing government 
in bringing in a new democratic order. The 
spoiler's role is doomed to fail. 


P ARIS — William Faulkner, near- 
ly a half -century aga speaking of 
the American South, said that the 

By William Pfaff 

past “is not even past.” France has 
just demonstrated what that means. 
The Dreyfus case, which occurred a 
century ago this year, has shown that 
it is not “past,” either. 

The French army’s magazine has 
published an article on the Dreyfus 
case, written by the head of the 
army’s historical section. Captain Al- 
fred* Dreyfus was a Jewish officer, 
graduate of tbe Ecole Polytechaique, 
the most highly regarded of France's 
gnmdes ecoles. He was accused of 
bang a German spy on trie baas of a 
document stolen by French counter- 
intelligence from the German Em- 
bassy. He was convicted in 1S94 and 
sent to Devil's Island. 

Lata, another French officer. Ma- 
jor Ferdinand Esierhazy. not a Jew, 
was implicated and trieti but acquit- 
ted. An enormous controversy ’en- 
sued and the novelist Erniie Zoia 

published his famous denunciation of 
French military justice, “J’accuse!” It 

French nrilitaxy justice, “/’accuse!” It 
was discovered that the document 
that condemned Dreyfus had been 
forged by an officer of the general 
staff, who killed himself when this 
was found out Esterhazy fled the 
country. A new military trial none- 
theless convicted Dreyfus once again. 

Ten days lata. France’s president 

pardoned Dreyfus. Lata restored by 
court orda to nis rank in the army, he 
was decorated by orda of parliament 
and served honorably in World War 
1. He died in 1935. 

The army magazine article re- 
capitulates this history, but then 
says that the defenders of Dreyfus 
were leftists “hostile to national mil- 
itary service," who wanted to de- 

stroy the officer class. Dreyfus’s op- 
ponents were patriots who. “in the 

ponents were patriots who. “in the 
context of an impending war with 
Germany, were attempting to pre- 

vent the destabilization of the 
army ” The practical result, the arti- 
cle says, was to “dismantle French 
military intelligence and cut funding 
for the army at a moment when 
Germany was rearming,” 

Today, it concludes, “Dreyfns’s 
innocence is the thesis generally ad- 
mitted by historians. However, be- 
hind tbe political scandal was a dis- 
information operation directed 
against German intelligence. «n<t 
even now no one is in a position to 
say whether Dreyfus was conscious- 
ly or unconsciously implicated in 
ihaL” In shot Dreyfus may, after 
alL have been guilty. 

As soon as this article was drawn 
to general attention by French news- 
papers, the minis ter of defense dis- 
missed the officer responsible, find- 
ing the article “tendentious” and 
containing ^“historical inexactitudes 
and errors.” The gmcraj reaction in 

France was of a certain astonish- 
ment, if not uneasiness, that dements 
in die army still are prepared to de- 
fend, even indirectly, the thesis that 
Dreyfus was guilty. 

However, what is chiefly notable in 
this affair is its irrelevance to the 
main currents in Fiance, where the 
old right, traditionally hostile to the 
republic, to secular schools, liberal- 

newly appointed leader of Fiance's 
enferfried Communist Party, Robert 
Hue, first came to national attention 
when, as the mayor of a woridng-dass 
suburb, he led a vigilante group in 
harassmg'a Moroccan family accused 
by neighbors of. dealing in chugs. 

This alliance of populist radicals 
is f raged during the Gulf War, 

ism, internationalism (and to Drey- 
fus), is aD but dead, even inside the 
French army. Charles de Gaulle's de- 
feal of Philippe Pfetain, andof Priain- 
ism, was its defeat as wdL 
There is a new right instead, or a 
new populism, which is not exclusive- 
ly a Ficach phenomenon. This move- 
ment is against “c nwnnpnfiteniSTU, ” 
It says that, an “obsession with anti- 
Semitism can only uselessly and dan- 
gerously complicate” the construction 
of a new Europe “of tbe peoples." 

It says that it is anti-Zionist, bat 
mainly it is anti-American, since the 
United States stands for an undis- 
c riminating consumerism mate- 
rialism. It defends, as one of its theo- 
rists says, “the grandeur of nations 
against the Balkanization of tbe world 
oo the orders of Wall Street, the Zion- 
ist international, the Frankfurt stock 
market, and the gnomes of Tokyo” 

In France it includes a number of 
people previously associated with 
communism or dm extreme left. One 

of its leaders rays that right-left cate- 
gories now, afta the collapse of com- 
munism, are outmoded, and that the 
political scene should be described in 

Other Comment 

Why Can’t America’s Left Be Patriotic? 

Pav Attention to the IMF 

When Michel Camdessus, director of the 
International Monetary Fund, goes public 
with angry complaints that his agency is being 
“scapegoated" For insisting on sound Russian 
reforms as a condition for more economic 
assistance, the world should understand what 
this is all about It is about Russian incompre- 
hension on both government and private lev- 
els of how a market economy really works. It 
is about the hypocrisy of outside governments 
that control the IMF and yet find it conve- 
nient to complain when it carries out ap- 
proved policies. Most of all it is about the 
high stakes in dragging the dangerous Russian 
bear back from the abyss of hyperinflation, 
societal breakdown and regression to totali- 
tarian. ultranationalistic ways. 

As primary care physician to the world's 
sick economics, the IMF is used to being 

scapegoated for dispensing bitter medicine. 
With success stories to braz about. Mr. 
Camdessus rarely lashes back. Usually be can 
count on the backing of his patrons, tbe big 
power*, but Russia is different. As a big power 
itself, it bristles at tbe conditions the IMF 
imposes before approving credits. 

Vet lash back is what Mr. Camdessus has 
done, and his admonitions have substance. 
Unless Russia speeds the transition to a market 
economy, puts the brakes on inflation, curtails 
subsidies to failing state enterprises and gets 
going on a multitude of sound economic stan- 
dards that it has officially accepted, he says the 
IMF may not release another SI J billion in- 
stallment in its assistance program. 

When the U.S. Congress votes on new bilat- 
eral aid for Russia, it should impose condi- 
tions comparable to those that Washington 
quietly approves for the IMF. 

— The Baltimore Sun 

— Most Americans, despite the 

V — Most Americans, despite the 
outrage we may fed about govern- 
mental cowardice or corruption, and 
despite our despair ova wtat is being 
done to the weakest and poorest 
among us. still identify with con cona- 

Bj Richard Rorty 

try. We take wide in bang citizens of a 
sdf-invemed. self-reforming, enduring 

Internationa! HeraJd Tribune 



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constitutional democracy. We think of 
the United States as having distinctive 
national virtues and glorious, if tar- 
nished. national traditions. 

Many of tbe exceptions :o this rule 
are found in colieges and universities, 
in the academic departments that 
have become sanctuaries for left- 
wing political views. I am glad there 
are such sanctuaries, even though 1 
wish we had a left more broadly 
based, less self-involved and less jar- 
gon-ridden l ban oar present one. 

But any left is better than none, 
and this one is doing a great deal of 
good for people who have go: a raw- 
deal in our society: women. African- 
Americans, gay men and lesbians. 
This focus oa ' razi&njlizcd groups 
wilL in the long run. help to make our 
country much more decent, more tol- 
erant and more civilized. 

But there is a problem with this 
left: It is unpatriotic. 

In the name of “the politics of 
difference." it refuses to rejoice in the 
country it inhabits. It repuchafes (be 
idea of a national identity, and the 
emotion of national pride. 

This repudiation is the difference 
between traditional American plural- 
ism and the new movement called 
“ multicultural] sm." 

Pluralism is the attempt to make 
America what the philosopher John 
Rawls calls “a social umca of social 
unions." a community of communi- 
ties. a nation with far 'more room for 
difference than mosL 

Multicultural ism is turning into 

the recent proposal by Sheldon Hack- 
ney, chairman or die National En- 
dowment of tbe Humanities, to hold 
televised town meetings to “explore 
the meaning of American identity.” 
Criticizing Mr. Hackney in on arti- 
cle in Tbe New York Times (IHT 
Opinion. Jan. 31). Richard Sennett. a 
distinguished social critic, says the 
idea of such an identity is just “the 
gentlemanly face of nationalism." 
and speaks of “the evil of a shared 
national identity-” 

It is too early to say whether the 

his own preaching in African-Ameri- 
can churches. Irving Howe, whose 
“World of Onr Pathos” did much to 
make us aware that we are a nation of 
immigrants, also tried to persuade us 
(in “The American Newness: Culture 
and Politics iu tbe Age of Emerson”) 
to cherish a distinctively American, 

distinctively Emersonian, hope. 

Irving Howe was able to rejoice is 
a country that had only in his lifetime 

started to allow Jews to be full- 
fledged members of society. Cornel 

West can still identify with a country 
which, by denying decent schools and 

conversations that Mr. Hackney pro- 
poses wiO be fruitful But whether 

which, by denying decent schools and 
jobs, keeps so many Mack Americans 
humiliated and wretched. 

terms of a center and a periphery, the 
center occupied by the complacent 
established forces of capitalist soci- 
e»v, the periphery by au those who 
want radical social change. These, 
he says, naturally tend toraend one 
into another as yoa work your way 

the attempt to keep these communi- 
ties at odds with one another. 

Academic leftists who are enthusi- 
astic about multicukuralism distrust 

poses wiO be fruitful But wnetber 
they are or not, it is important to 
insst that a sense of shared national 
identity is sot an evil It is an abso- 
lutely essential component of citizen- 
ship, of any attempt to take our coun- 
try and its problems seriously. 

There is do incompatibility be- 
tween respect for cultural differences 
ami American patriotism. 

Like every oiha country. America 
has a lot to be proud of and a lot to be 
ashamed of. But a nation cannot re- 
form itself unless it takes pride in 
itself — unless it has an identity, 
rejoices in it, reflects upon it and 
tries to live up to it. 

Such pride sometimes takes the 
form of arrogant, bellicose national- 
ism. But it often lakes the form of a 
yearning to live up to the nation's 
professed ideals. 

That is the desire to which Martin 
Luther King Jr. appealed, and he is 
somebody every American cm be 
proud of." It is just as appropriate for 
white Americans to take pride in Mr. 
King and in his (limited! success as 
for black Americans to take pride in 
Ralph Waldo Emerson and John 
Dewey and their (limited) successes. 

Gomel West wrote a book, “The 
American Evasion of Philosophy." 
about the connections between Em- 
erson. Dewey. W. E. B. Du Bois and 

There is no contradiction between 
such identification and shame at the 
greed, the in tolerance and die indif- 
ference to suffering that is wide- 
spread in tbe United Stares. 

On the contrary, yon can fed 
shame over your coon tty’s behavior 
only to the extent to which you fed it 
is your country. If we fad in such 
identification, we fax! in national hope. 
If at fail in national hope, we shaB no 
longer even try to tiungc our ways. 

If American leftists cease to be 
proud of being the heirs of Emerson, 

around the periphery. 

Thus ex-leftists and neofascists can 

crane together to straggle against un- 
employment, immigration, “Ameri- 
canization.” “cosmopolitanism.” The 

was forged during the Gulf War, 
which was opposed by both the Na- 
tional Front and the Communist Par- 
ty in France. The Communist Party 
today denies any sympathy for Na- 
tional Front causes, ran the conver- 
gence of interest is dear — and is not 
amply confined to France. 

Thor are finks to the new nation- 
alist-Commuuist alliances that have 
emerged in Russia, Serbia and else- 
where in the former Communist 
world. There, powerful popular emo- 
tions of resentment and fear have been 
mobilized against the seemingly 
anonymous international forces that 
brought down the old order, hnmfliat- 
ingand impoveridiing those sodeties. 

The Polish writs Adam Micinrik 
has remarked that “the supreme stage 
of communism is nationalism,” m 
which nationatism discards the 
Marxism bat mam tains the totalitar- 
ian apparatus of social control. This 
is something new on the political 
scene and should not be confused 
with what survives of the old right. 

The nostalgias of the French army 
look bade to a political tradition that 
was hierarchical anti-liberal, anti-Se- 
mitic, antidemocratic. Precisely tire 
point about the new European right 
is that it makes a modern and popu- 
lar, “democratic,” appeal to exclu- 
sion, nationalist emotion, nation al 
paranoia. Even though it is anti- 
American, its resemblance is to the 
populist right-wing movements re- 
peatedly seen in America's own fristo- 
ly. It is not part of a past that is not yet 
past Its significance is that it could be 
an important factor in the future. 
hiiknatiomd Herald Tribute. ' 

® Eos Angeles Times Syndicate. 


1894: A Painful Duty 811166 tile future 

■* World.” After rwnimo 

PALERMO — In addressing the 
troops on tbe occasion of his present- 

tbe medals for valor to those 

Lincoln and King. Irving Howe’s 
prophecy that “tbe ‘newness’ wiD 
come again" — that we ^ll again 
experience the joyous self-confidence 
which fills Emosoo’s “American 
Scholar" — is unHkdy to come true. 

If in the interests d ideological pu- 
rity. or in orda to stay as angry as 
possible, the academic left insists on s 
“politics of difference," it will be in- 
creasingly isolated and ineffective. An 
unpatriotic left has never achieved 
anything. A kft refusing to take pride 

soldiers who have distinguished 

themselves by acts of bravery at the 
risk of their lives in the recent riots 

which have taken place in Sicily, 
General Moon struck the keynote of 

aaxtee of the future peace of the 
world.” After reading the tinnrmmi 
which contained twenty-six articles 
and a preamble, President Wilson ad- 
dressed the Conference, ex plaining 
the great ^ unanimity which had marked 
the dcfibqrations of the C ommitte e, of 
*hnse work the draft was fnni 

m its country will have no impact on 
that country's politics, and will ev en- 

tire situation. “Painful it has been to 
you to raise your hand against 
who have the same accent and speak 
the same language as ourselves. But 
the whole responsibility for these sad 
events falls upon those who betraying 
king, country and family, have vrith 
dart and infamous arguments incited 
oar brothers to go against as." 

1944: Finns Seek Peace 

bully become an object of contempt. 

The writer, professor of humanities 
at me University of Virginia, is author 
most recently of "Objectivity. Reiatri- 
ism and Truth.'' He contributed this 
comment to The New York Tones. 

1919: League of Nations 

PARIS — President Wilson yester- 

day afternoon [Feb. 14} read into the 
records of the Peace Conference the 

records of the Peace Conference the 
preliminary draft of the League of 
Nations. He called it a “practical and 
humane document — a definite guar- 

CTOCKHOLM — [From our New 
York edition:] Indirect contact has 
been - established b e twe en Russian 
and Finnish quarters for pr eliminar y 
peace feelers, unofficial bat highly 
reliable Finnish sources said today 
[Feb. IS], [t was considered possible 
that other parties; such as Americans 
andSwedes, acted as messcn&rs. Ac- 

aans had sought openly to inform 
themselves as to just what the Finns 
were up to in the current peace ma- 
neuvers. Tbe Finns replied That they 
were ready to “talk turkey" although 
naturally .qd -details.- such as condi- 
tions, were mentioned. 

^ '< [h* 

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5 Mr>* 

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. til. 

V.. : 



JpJJl u-° IISjD 

A Last Big Chip at Privacy 
H the Feds Get Their Why 

By William S afire 

TyASHINGTON — WeD-meauing 
law and intelligence officials, 
vainly seeking to maintain then; vanish- 
ing ability to eavesdrop, have come up 
with a scheme that endangers- the per- 
sonal freedom of every American. 

Nobody doubts that FBI wiretaps 
help catch' crooks at that the National 
Security Agency’s “Big Ears” alert the 
country to the plans of terrorists. And 
nobody can deny that new technology 
makes it easier for the bad guys to en-. 
code their cormnpnications io avoid the 
eavesdropping of the good guys. — 

But the solution that faceless. Qinton 
officials are putting forward shows out- 
dated law enforcement rooted-in abys- 
mal understanding of the information 
explosion. The Clinton notion, recy- 

The r clipper chip ’ would 
encode, for federal perusal 
whenever a judge rubber' 
stamped a warrant, 
everything we say on a 
plume, everything we write 
on a computer. 

cled from an aborted Bush idea, is to 
put the same encryption chip in every 
telephone and computer made in the 
United States. This new encoding de- 
vice. or scrambler, would help ordinary 
citizens protect the privacy of our con- 
versations and messages and bank ac- 
counts from each other. 

That sounds great, tat hoe conies the 
catch: The federal government would 
know and be able to use the code num- 
bers to wiretap each of us. 

To tbe tune of Got Algorithm,” the 
Eavesdrop Es tablishment is rin ging that 
it wQl hop us protect our privacy —but 
not from intrusion by the Feds. In effect, 
its proposal demands that we turn over to 
Washington a duplicate set of keys to our 
homes, formerly our castles, where not 
even the king in olden times could go. 

The “clipper chip” — aptly named, as 
it dips the wings of individual Hbety — 
would encode, for federal perusal when- 
ever a judge rubber-stamped a warrant, 
everything we say do a phone, everything 
we write on a computer, every order we 
give to a shopping network or bank or 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “Letters to the 
Editor” and contain the writer's sig- 
nature, name and full address. Let- 
ten should be brief and me subject to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for. 
the return of unsolicited manuscripts. 

BOO or 900 number, every electronic note 
we leave our spouses or dictate to our 

Add to that Stack of hnimnm data the. 
medical information derived from the 
national “health security card” that Bill 
Qinton proposes we all carry. Combine 
it with ibe travel-shopping and credit 
data available from all our plastic cards, 
along with ^psychological and student 
test scores. Throw in the confidential tax 
returns, sealed divorce proceedings, wel- 

fare records, field investigations for job 
applications, Taw files andCLA dossiers 
available to the Teds, and you have the 
indivi dual citizen standing naked to 
tbe nosy bureaucrat. 

Assure us not that our personal life 
stories will be “safeguarded” by multi- 
ple escrows in the brave new world of 
snoop erware; we saw only last month 
how political appointees can rifle the 
old-fashioned files of candidates and 
get off scot-free. Whenever personal 
information is amassed and readily 
available, it will be examined by the 
curious, and if it is valuable, it mil be 
stolen by political hackers. 

Ah, but wouldn’t it be helpful to soci- 
ety to have instant access to the encoded 
; communications of a Mafia capo, or a 
terrorist ordering tbe blowup of a sky- 
scraper, or a banker financing & dicta- 
tor’s nudear development? 

Sure it would. Inal is why no self- 
respecting vice overlord or terrorist or 
local drag-runner would buy or use 
clipper-chipped American telecom- 
. znomcations equipment. They would 
buy non-American hardware with un- 
monitored Japanese or German or In- 
dian encryption, chips and laugh the 

way to the plutonium factoiy. 

• The only people tap-able by Ameri- 
can agents would be honest Americans 
— or those crooked Americans dopey 
.enough' to buy American, equipment 
with, the pre-compromised American 
code. Subsequent Jaws to mandate the 
FBI tag in every transmitter would be 
as effective, as today’s laws banning 
radar detectors. 

To m or row ’s law enforcement and es- 
pionage cannot be planned by people 
stuck m the wiretap and Big Ear mind- 
set of the past. The new Ultra secret is 
thai the paradigm has shifted; encryp- 
tion has overcome decryption. 

Billions now spent on passive techni- 
cal surveillance must be shifted to ac- 
tive means of learning criminal or ag- 
gressive plans. Human informers must 
be recruited or placed, as “sight” de- 
clines and “humini” rises in the new 
.era; psychic, as well as monetary re- 
wards for ratting must be raised; gov- 
ernments must collude closely to trace 
transfers of wealth. 

Cash in your dipper chips, wiretap- 
pers. You can’t detect the crime wave of 
tbe future with those old earphones on. 

The New York Times. 


■ 1 

\ c '//> 


Imperfect Partnership 

In his opinion column of Feb. 9 
(” NATO is Realistic About Russia and 
Enlargement'’) Michael ROhle attempts 
to put tbe best face on the Qawed 
NATO-endorsed U.S. proposal of Part- 
nership for Peace. Still the inherent con- 
tradictious of the Partnership persist 

On (he one hand, the writer insists 
that Russia does not wield a veto on 
NATO enlargement On the other, he 
asserts that NATO expansion would 
lead to Russian “isolation.” So all the 
Russians have to do is say’ (hat they 
would be isolated, and NATO wfll hold 
bade from burying the legacy of Yalta. 
For Russia-firsters, there will never be a 
good time to embrace the new democra- 
cies, yet Russia does not need NATO to 
provide for its national security. 

Mr. ROhle states that NATO provid- 
ing potential new members with clear 
criteria and timetable for joining would 
amount to a “rigid framework, where- 
as at the same time he says Partnership 
is “an essential condition for future 
membership.” How can one prepare 
for membership without knowing the 
rules of the dub? 

Clinton administration officials 
promise that Partnershipfor Peace is an 
open door to future NATO membership 
for those nations which seek it and are 
able to add to the alliance's “overall 
security.” Yet they also say that events 
in Russia “will affect the future of 
NATO and the Partnership for Peace." 
Tbe Partnership, like Russia, “can gp 
either way." In other words, if events go 
terribly wrong in Russia, it would be 
easier then to expand (or not expand?) 
NATO up to Russia's borders rather 

than doing so now in a transparent and 
predictable way. 

The debate will continue. But let us 
bear in mind one point. When then Sovi- 
et President Mikhail Gorbachev was de- 
manding that a united Germany be out- 
side NATO, the Bush administration 
stood firm. The same political vision 
should be mustered today, unless we 
have made up our minds that an indefi- 
nite no-man’s- land serving as a buffer 
zone between an unpredictable Russia 
and a timid alliance is what Partnership 
is really all about. 




Hie CIA Plot to Kill Castro 

I was sorry to see in the obituary for 
Richard Bissell (IHT. Feb. 9) a repeti- 
tion of the myth about “the CIA’s cre- 
ation — at President John Kennedy's 
request after the Bay of Pigs — of a top 
secret assassination project ... whose 
target was Fidel Castro." 

The CIA assassination project was cre- 
ated in (he Eisenhower administration, 
and it was tbe Eisenhower administration 
that brought in the mob to do the dirty 
deed. As the Church committee investiga- 
tion reported in 1976: “In August I960, 
the CIA took steps to enlist members of 
the criminal underworld with gambling 
syndicate contacts to aid in assassinating 
Castro." This was months before Mr. 
Kennedy became president 

I should add that there is no evidence 
that either Mr. Eisenhower or Mr. Ken- 
nedy knew of c*r authorized the Castro 
assassination plots. The CIA. like every 

Guenter KJc 

(Letters, Jan. 21) 

contends that French politicians are 
physically afraid ( his italics) of the popu- 
lation. He implies that such fear is 
unique to France. 

The first dumping of food I remember 
was in the United States during the 
1930s depression, h was milk on its way 
to markeL Many similar incidents, such 
as withholding of food. coaL steel and 
the like, come to mind. 

The problem is votes: No politician 
likes to lose votes. 


Juan-les-Pins. France. 

Show Biz Is About to Take 
A New Whack at Kerrigan 

Bv Frank Rich 

other intefligence agency we know about, 
was perfectly capable in those freewheel- 
ing days of going into business for itself. 

New York. 

Where the Doctor Is In 

In response to “ U.S. Can Learn From 
French Concept of Health Care" (Feb. 7j: 
The first thing to learn is that about 
40 percent of France's doctors are gener- 
alists. compared with less than 12 per- 
cent in the United States. So French 
patients are much more likely to have 
easy, early access to a doctor. 

“Easy" and “early" are key words. 
Tor few of us get sick by appoinunenL 
The American alternative is often a 
nasty, expensive trip to a hospital 
emergency room. 


Logrian. France. 

Universal Political Worry 

N EW YORK — Cvnics have it that a 
whack on the knee was the best 
thing ever to happen to both figure skat- 
ing and Nancy Kerrigan. 

A sport that many found thrill-free 
has been transformed into a violent soap 
opera as all-American in appeal as foot- 
ball. If CBS could only clone the Winter 
Games, it might recoup the ratings fran- 
chise it lost with the defection of the 
National Football League. 

Miss Kerrigan is now a megasiar. Hav- 
ing recovered from the assault, she and 


her agents are raining the show biz good- 
ies. from a $ 1 million Disnev-ABC deal to 
a guest host slot on “Saturday Night 
Live." Or. as Variety put iu “Keep an eye 
out for Nancy Kerrigan, commercial 
spokeswoman. TV hostess, exercise guru, 
maybe even actress/ recording star, all 
coming soon to a television, bookstore 
and videostore near you." 

And why not? Miss Kerrigan has suf- 
fered. She deserves compensation as 
surely as Tonya Hanling. if proved 
guilty, desenes punishment. But show 
biz plays by more ruthless rules than the 
Olympics; if its stars don’t continually 
wow the audience, they get the hook. 

Has Nancy Kerrigan survived one fall 
only to be set up for another? 

This pretty and poised 24-year-old 
woman is a gifted and dogged athlete, a 
real-life role mode! for true grit. Still, 
being admirable has nothing to do with 
being an entertainer. If she is to sustain 
the multimedia empire rapidly being 
constructed around her — on 'a stage 
extending far beyond the skating rink — 
she may have to be turned into someone 
she's noL lest the customers get bored. 

Already the process is beginning. 
Bookstore racks are groaning with in- 
stam Nancy Kerrigan biographies. 
Readers fascinated by the iconographic 
machinery of star-making — or 'merely 
suffering from insomnia — may be 
templed, as I was. to open them. 

The three Kerrigan books I read strain 
mightily to make their heroine dynamic. 
In “The Kerrigan Courage,” typically, the 
word courage is applied not just to die 
skater's recent recovery but to almost 
every mundane development in her life, 
including her “courage not to quit when 
she had to choose between having a 
soda! life and skating." 

Yet the real Kerrigan personality, 
pleasant but prosaic, keeps peeking 
through despite the authors’ best efforts 
to hype it. The skater’s high school class- 
mates and teachers, sounding like the 
witnesses in Woody Allen’s parody doc- 
umentary “Zdig,” are hard-pressed to 
remember much about Miss Kerrigan 
bevond her smile and good manners. 
“You hardly knew she was there." goes 
a typical reminiscence. “She was not an 
overwhelming personality.” 

In other words. Miss Kerrigan is a 
star only in skates. To make her dazzle 
in her show biz arenas, her packagers 
will have to invent a new. fictional 
character for her. If Kerrigan the Cou- 
rageous doesn't take, other personas, 
perhaps less dignified, will be trotted 
out lo protect the investment. 

This is the one problem that Tonya 
Harding does not face. Whether you 
love Miss Harding or love to hate her. 
she commands attention, precisely be- 
cause of her rough edges. And so she has 
upstaged Miss Kerrigan, not to mention 
Bosnia and the budgin. all week. 

No wonder two of the Kerrigan biog- 
raphies. almost as an afterthought, af- 
fixed a photo of Miss Harding on their 
covers too. as sales insurance. All three 
books eventually give up on Miss Kerri- 
gan's exemplary biography, switching 
channels giddily to the rocky Harding 
saga. Connie Chung, on the CBS news- 
magazine “Eye to Eye.” devoted less 
than 10 minutes to a Kerrigan interview 
hut almost an hour to Miss Harding. 

Although Miss Kerrigan's Olympic 
performance might benefit from the 
banishment of Miss Harding from Lil- 
lehammer, her star presence, perversely 
enough, is actually bolstered bv con- 
trast with her dark rival. Once Miss 
Harding has gone her separate wav. 
perhaps to play Jeff Gillooly’s victim in 
a Court TV defense argued by Leslie 
Abramson. Miss Kerrigan will have to 
hold a spotlight solo. 

The pressure will be intense. Variety 
is already gauging the “downside possi- 
bilities" in her show biz ventures 
should she prove an “also-ran in the 
Games." Nancy Kerrigan, multimedia 
megastar. may" fall as rapidly as she 
rose without either Tonya or a gold 
medal for a prop. 

The New York Times. 

Merchandisers All 

E VEN Nova Lank nee. who brokers 
sports figures for commercials, re- 
members when athletes “used to be called 
heroes or legends." Now, she says, they 
are called stars. They share this firma- 
ment with entertainers, all twinkling for 
ad dollars. The real winners and losers 
become those who do or don't have the 
right stuff to be successful at sales. 

Tonya Harding loyalists are absolute- 
ly right in noting that women who win 
endorsements fit a loo narrow, pretty, 
remininK Dorothy Hamill. Chris Evert 
and. yes. Nancy Kerrigan mold. No 
tough girls need apply. 

But the sorriest spectacle is not just 
Tonya vs. Nancy, or Nike vs. Reebok. 
It's the grand-slam takeover by compa- 
nies who award the real gold medals. In 
this world every accomplishment has the 
same value: a market value. 

— Ellen Goodman, commenting 
in The Boston Globe. 



of the Right in Post-Com- 
munist Eastern Europe 

By Paul Hockenos. 332j>ages. 
$25. Routledge. 

Reviewed hy 
Peter Reddaway 

tral and East European corre- 
spondent for In These limes, has 
written a pioneering and readable 
account of the rise of the extreme 
right in contemporary Eastern Eu- 
rope. It deals with ox countries: 
Germany, Hungary, Romania, Po- 
land, Slovakia and the Czech Re- 
public. His central conclusions are: 
“The new fascisms in Europe are 
genuine, organized and intercon- 
nected political movements 
grounded in prejudices and bigotry 
which penetrate to tbe heart of so- 
ciety. If (he democratization of 
Eastern Europe is to succeed, it 
requires a confrontation with and 
redefinition of these political ad- 
lures and the cultivation erf modem 
democratic values to supplant 
those of the past.” 

This may sound dose to scare- 
mongering. But Hockenos’s defini- 
tion of fascism is broad, and be 
does not claim that fascists are, as 
yet, close to taking power, except 
perhaps in Romania. 

The right's antipathy to free-mar- 
ket economics has become more at- 
tractive to voters in tbe four years 

By Robert Byrne 

A T the United States Champi- 
onship, held in December in 
Long Beach, California, John Fe- 
dor owicz's excellent achievement 
occurred in Round 5. It is bound to 
cause consternation in the ranks of 
those who favor this particular de- 
fense. - 

The purpose of Aron Nimzo- 
viefa's balf-centuiy-old 4^Ba6 in 
the main line of the Queen’s Indian 

Defense is to force White into an 
inconvenient defense of ms c4 
pawn: on 5 Qa4. the queen may 
laier turn out to be displaced; on 5 
Qcl Black can counter in the cen- 
ter with 5...C5!. 

d5? ed 7 cd Bb7! S e4 Qe7 9 Nc3 
Nd5 wins a pawn for Black; 5 Qb3 
Nc6 6 Nbd2 d5 7 Qa4 Bb78 eded 9 
Bg2 Qd7 10 0-0 Bd6 yields Btock a 
comfortable development; 5 Nbd2 
c5 leaves the white quo® knigoi on 
an inoffensive square. • . 

The 5 b3 defense which Anatob 
Karpov favors, may be best. Black 
can sidetrack the white queen buh- 
op with 5_Bb4 6 Bd2 Be7. V«t afar 
7 Bg2 c6 8 Bc3 it gasoack on the 


I W V " O 

Optimum diagonal 
The thrust with 12-.b5 aims to 
stabilize the central I pawn [Stnio- 
lure: 13 e4 cannot be pktyea be- 
cause »3...bc 14 be 
pawn. The actual b Rel be 14 be 

• Joshua Redman, the ja2z musi- 
cian^ is reading Dostoyevski’s 
“Crime and Punishment.” 

: “You get a lot of intrigue and 
action, it's fascinating from a psy- 
chological point of view. I don't 
force myself to read a book I hate 
for the sake of quote intellectual 
enrichment,’ but entering someone 
eke’s dream world heightens your 
own imaginative capacity.” 

(Mike Zwerin, IHT) 

since communism's collapse, be- 
cause most of the economic figures 
for that period are, Hockenos says, 
“grim.” western assistance has been 
amy a fraction of what is needed, 
and the International Monetary 
Fund and the Wodd Bank have at- 
tached overly severe conditions to 
their grants and loans. The result 
has been a rapid division erf society 
Into rich and .poor, producing fertile 
soil for rightist populists. 

Looking first at Germany, Hock- 
enos shows that the far right in die 
Communist East quickly found a 
ffimimnn language with its counter- 
parts in the capitalist West But he 
rejects die view of modernization 
theorists that the two phenomena 
have essentially the same cause — 
the anomie generated by a post- 
industrial society. The anger of the 
PiKt German drrwtagdR. who woe 




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■ FmoROmcuwwiE - 
Position after S? . . . Ra8 . 

Nbfi 15 c5 Nc4 produces a chal- 
lenge to White’s control of queen- 
side tenain. 

After 16-15 17 eJ Rb8 18 Ncl, 
fedorowicz threatened to obtain a 
strong grip in the center with 19 
Nd3 and attack with 20 f3 and 21 
c4. He mentioned that he would 
also have the option of a queenside 
pfrgclr with 20 Nb4 Bb7 21 Qa4. 

So Ivanov opened the center 
with 18-.e5 19 de BcS, tat after 20 
Nd3 Ba3 21 Qc2, Fedorowicz tad 
the more flexible setup. Soon, after 
- 27 Qd4, it was dear (tat his pieces 
wore dominating, the situation; 

Tbe maneuver with 27_Na3 28 









1 u 




21 Qc2 

22 Raft] 


3 MS 


25 Bal 







25 M 




3B Redl 

8 Bc3 ' 



27 QcJ4 

28 Rbcl 



9 Nefi 


29 e6 


1ft NcJ7 


30 Qc5 




31 QaS 




32 pel 


13 8el 


33 Rd3 


14 be 


34 Ro4 


15 CS 


35 fW7 


10 NU 
17 C3 



.38 Qc3 

37 004 

38 et 



18 NcJ 



19 Ik 


» QcS- 
a das 


20 KM3 



usually exemplary workers, “had a 
specific political character.” Their 
emergence “constituted neither the 
blind expression of frustration nor 
the protest of an etxxmmicaUy de- 
prived group. Rather, the youth 
movement represented an active, al- 
beit extreme extension of the au- 
thoritarian, petty bour^c^ imndset 
that tbe state tad nurtured.” The 
Communist s had facilitated such 
nurturing by recruiting Nazis into 
then- ranks after World War H and 
by never confronting Nazism as a 
product of East as well as West 
German society, to exorcise iL 
That said, ultra-rightists in tbe 
West have: since 1989, been assist- 
ing their Eastern partners on a big 
scale. And when tbe rightist as- 
saults an foreigners and other un- 
desirables began in 1991, they oc- 
curred in bom East and West. 

Kbcl Bc4 did nothing to improve 
Ivanov’s position. Fedorowicz at 
once triggered his attacked with 29 
e6! which forced 29— Bf6. Then 30 
Qc5 Be7 31 Qa5 won him a pawn. 

After 35— Rati 36 Qc3 Bf6 37 
Qo4 RaS 38 e7« the rest was a 
slaughter. After 38—Rf7 39 Qc6, 
there was no use playing 39.. Jlc8 
since 40 Qc8! Qc8 41 Rd8 Qd8 42 
ed/Q Bd8 43 Bd5 would quickly be 
converted to a bishop-and-pawn 
ending with White two pawns 

. On 39— Bal 40 Qa8!, Ivanov 
gave up in the face of 40-QaS 41 
Rd8 Qd8 42 ed/Q Rf8 43 Bd5 Kh8 
44 QfS mate. 


In Hungaiy Hockenos focuses on 
the writer Istvan Csurka, who was 
not expelled from the ruling party 
until 1992. Characteristically for ah 
extreme rightist, Csurka calls for the 
redrawing of borders on ethnic prin- 
ciples. He frankly acknowledges 1 
that, given East Europe's ethnic 
complexity, no two states can agree 
on what their new borders should 
be. Thus, he writes, “There must be 
quarrels, fights, local wars, and in 
the. end there will be a big negotia- 
tion which will decide on the Le- 
bensraum of tbe European nations." 

In Slovakia, Hockenos is justly 
worried by tbe rising tensions with I 
Hungaiy over the rights of the Hun- 
garian minority, which represents 
more than 10 percent of tbe popula- 
tion. This tension has been exacer- 
bated by the Slovakian parliament's 
recent embrace of an ethnic rather , 
than a civic definition of the nation. 1 
It changed the Constitution’s phrase 
“We, the dozens of tbe Slovak Re- 
public" to “We, the Slovak nation." 
Tins implicitly turned the Hungar- 
ians and other minorities into sec- 
ond-class citizens. 

In the Czech Republic, even 1 
though “many, restaurants have 
■whites only* signs.” tbe hard right 
is relatively weak. Bui in Romania 
there are serious reasons for con- 
cern: an unusually high level of 
physical and rhetorical violence; 
cooperation between fascists and 
Communists, and dangerous dis- 
putes over the large Hungarian mi- 
nority and also over formerly Sovi- 
et Moldova, which used to be part 
of Romania. All this leads Hock- 
enos to fear the rise of a fasdstic 
military regime. 

To fend off the dangers of the 
right throughout Eastern Europe. 
Hockenos calls for “left demo- 
crats” to take up traditionally left- 
ist social issues and work to 
strengthen the still fragile dvi! soci- 
eties. Here be is long on exhorta- 
tion, but short on explanations as 
to why exactly such democrats are 
finding these tasks so difficult. 

It is sobering to note that Hock- 
enos s somber book does not in fact 
examine the right in the two coun- 
tries where it is strongest. Serbia 
and Russia. In Russia, the semi- 
fascist party of Vladimir Zhirin- 
ovsky got 23 percent of tbe vote in 
the December elections, and other 
hard-liners got a further 20 percenL 

Peter Reddaway, a professor at 
George Washington University and 
a fellow at the U. S. Institute of 
Peace, wrote this for The Washing- 
ton Post. 

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International Herald Tribune 
Tuesday, February 15, 1994 
Page 8 

From Battlefield to Fashion Front 

By Suzy Menkes 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Fifty years ago the duffel 
coat lived its finest hour — on Field 
Marshal Montgomery in World War 
EL Now the hooded coat that French 
and I talians still call a “Montgomery” has won 
the ultimate fashion victory. It has moved from 
the flat fields of battle to the heights of due. 

At midday on Avenue Montaigne, when high 
heels dack on the sidewalk as the wdl-heded go 
shopping, the duffel is the hottest style an show. 
It runs the gamut from basic to luxurious, 
appearing not just in its familiar hooded wool 
version, fastened with wooden toggles, but also 
in velour, patchwork knit, shearling, mink-lined 
nricrofiber and softest sable. 

Throughout Paris, on workdays or weekends, 
the duffd is the choice of young and old: men 
in the dark blue coats that originated with the 
navy, or the sand-beige duffds created for 
"Monty’s” desert campaign; children in cheery 
plaid versions or in the sober grays, blues, 
chocolate browns and pine greens that pass for 
school uniform. The only coat to challenge the 
duffel's supremacy is the parka — another 
hooded style with its origins in the mountains. 

The current craze for duffds is a trickle down 
from the high fashion shows of five years ago. 
when Isaac Mizrahi in New York, Fendi in 
Italy and Christian Lacroix in Paris all showed 
sophisticated far-t rimm ed versons of what was 
originally peasant gear. 

The name derives from "duffel,” a thick doth 
woven in the Middle Ages in a town in Brabant, 
now part of Belgium, where the peasants wore 
the coarse coats for working on canals and 

waterways, and invented the wooden toggle as 
an easy-to-use button. 

The 20th-century duffd and its acceptance as 
a British classic goes back to the firm that 
bought up army surplus coats at the end of 
World War n. uloveraD, a one-time purveyor 
of industrial gloves and overalls, has built hs 
business on the back of the duffd coat The 
company, based in Pinner, England, sends 85 
percent of its production overseas to 40 coun- 
tries and earned off the Queen's Award for 
Export Achievement in 1992. 

“The duffd has become a world classic sta- 
ple," says Roger C. Morris, chairman of Glo- 
veralL “It is a very easy garment to wear and it 
fits the concept of 'smart casual.' It goes with 
the general loosening of rules. It was once for 
weekends or walking the dog, but now it has 
acquired chic without being formal wear.” 

Morris says the duffel has never been quite 
out of fashion became when one market gives it 
the cold shoulder, another is malting it a hot 

Today’s leading markets indude Japan, 
France, Italy, the United States, the Benelux 
countries, Scandinavia. Austria and South Ko- 
rea. Gloverail also puts 10 to 15 percent of its 
production into making garments for 
recently for Liza Bruce and Amies B. 

It has been a long haul from the forces' 
favorite to designer darling. When dovetail 
started to wholesale the anny-surplus Mont- 
_ in the 1950s. the coat had achieved a 
ac rede — not least on film, where it ap- 
peared on square-jawed naval heroes. More 
recently, Sean Connery wore a classic duffel in 
“Russia House.” 

But after it was taken up as a civilian coat, 
the duffel soon achieved a different status: as a 



uniform for students involved in the politics of 
protest as they demonstrated against die nucle- 
ar bomb. It took a quarter of a century tor the 
duffel to recover from hs downmarket and 
nerdish ™iy to emerge as fashion — although 
Yves Saint Laurent gave it a gloss of style in the 
1960s, just as he pushed forward the naval pea 
coat, also having a fashion revival. 

The long-term survival of the duffd lies in its 
practical d esign- According to Morris, it is 
harder than it seems to create “the geomet r y of 
the coal” : the nnlined, unstructured shape 
straight at the bade from a square 
dies the importance of GtoveralTs 
Qow-how and Hs relationship with the mills 
(hat produce 70 percent of the fabric. These 
days, that can be the fight, warm Shgrtand 
double doth, the heavier baled wool, a bobbly 
ratine, melton or even cashmere. 

A LTHOUGH the duffd comes most- 
ly in solid colors, plaids are perenni- 
ally popular, and a revival of e thnic 
styles has brought in blanket pat- 
terns and Berber stripes. 

The duffel’s current success must be partly 
because it responds to the ecologically aware 
spirit of the 1990s. Its base is a thick, natural 
wool; the toggles are made traditionally from 
wood or from bon died by water-buffalo; the 
loops are made of jute, rope or leather. 

Its style also fits with the current craze for 
wok-wear, which has elevated to fashion every- 
thing from overalls to mountain boots. The 
duffd (give or take the mink faring ) becomes 
the ideal item of cknhing for the mooem world, 
sending out the right cTa«i*« si gnals and re- 
joicing in its humble origins, even while it is 
being flaunted on high fashion’s avenue. 

Field Marshal Montgomery inspired the duffel coat, seen in Paris, far left arid above; Gloverail design, right 

Quick, What Do You Call Yourself? 

By James Barron 

New York Tunes Semce 

N EW YORK— Is it pos- 
sible to define oneself 
in just a single word? 
Can one sort out all the 
complicated, complicating factors 
of public and private life, measure 
all the facets of one's personality, 
cast off what's extraneous and then 
name an essential, identifying char- 

Without a lot of soul-searching, 
without reading social philoso- 
phers like Martin Buber (whose 
writings included the book "I and 
Thou ) or paying homage to bub- 
ble-gum bands like The Monkees 
fTm a Believer”), some answers 
come to mind quickly: the Rever- 
end Jesse Jackson's trademark, "I 
am somebody.” Or Cicero's "I am a 
Roman citizen.” Or Descartes's "I 
think, therefore I am.” Or the poet 
Robert Lowell's “I myself am helL” 
But even in the fast-forward '90s, 



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Paris eth 

when everything from cooking 
limes in the kitchen to sound bites 
on television have been compressed 
to a minimum, narrowing one's 
identity to a single word is still a 
difficult order. 

When asked what word best de- 
fined her. Karen Finley, the perfor- 
mance artist whose work takes sex- 
ual and political issues to raw and 
graphic extremes, chose "nonnaL” 
Tm your average American.” she 
declared. “I believe in freedom of 
expression, I work for a living. I’ve 
got credit cards. 1 watch ‘Jeopardy.’ 
1 screen my phone calls, and I can’t 
stand slow drivers.” 

Governor Mario Cuomo of New 
York, elected as a leader, settled on 
“participant” "1 am a part of the 
whole,” be said, "evolving with the 
rest of us.” 

And if you ask 1,136 adults to 
describe themselves in only one 
word, as a New York Tones /CBS 
News poQ did last year, you’ll get 
about 200 different answers. 

While this open-ended question, 
posed during telephone interviews 
Sept 16-19, may not yield the kind 
of hard-and-fast data that a pre- 
election survey or poll about eco- 
nomic confidence does, it prorides 
a compelling sociological snapshot 

Generally, the respondents 
seemed to resist labeling them- 
selves as members of a “special 
■interest group” or easily identifi- 
able minority group, avoiding ste- 
reotyping and choosing either a 
broader affiliation or a narrower, 
more personal response. 

For example, none of the 97 
black respondents said “black," 
and none of the 967 whites said 

that being white was the 
fact of their lives. Instead, the 
given most often in the survey was 
“American.” Fully 10 percent of 
the people questioned, by far the 
largest angle group, came up with 
that one word 

They were evenly distributed 
across the country, in large- and 
medium-sized does, suburbs and 
rural towns, indicating, perhaps, 
that "the cultural glue is stronger 
and thicker than is often thought," 
said Michael Manden, a dean and 
' culture expert at Northern 
_ in University. And discuss- 
ing national identity and patrio- 
tism is. he said, "declasse.” 

Yet. be said: “Maybe when you 
scratch the surface — what are you 
at the core? — ‘American’ is what it 

That is what some people in the 
survey who chose “American” said 
when they woe reinterriewed laier. 
Constance Plass. an unemployed 
real-estate broker from Manchester. 

that came to mind when she heard 
the question was her state’s slogan. 
“Live free or die.” 

But later she had secoad 
its. “Maybe,” she said, “I 
[ have smd something more 
about bring a woman.” 

tasofsdf-imag& In a score of intCT- 
riews with weD-known people, the 
word “American” didn't come up. 
Senator Bob Dole, the Senate mi- 
nority leader, came the closest, with 
“Kansan.” “Like Dorothy in The 
Wizard of Oz,*” be said. “I’ve never 
forgotten where 1 came from.” 

But not everyone was impressed 

with this kind erf* patriotism *Tm 
always stunned when people de- 
scribe themselves as ‘American.*" 
said Peter Jennings, file ABC News 
anchor, who is a Canadian (and who 
said his word was “impassioned”). 
“It seems not to say an awful lot 
‘American’ is where you begin." 

Marsdea agreed “The fact that 
we can identify as Americans takes 
away the threat of diversity,” he 
said. “The existence of a unifying 
concept allows us to be different in 
greater measure. I may be different 
than you. but I'm not threatened by 
that because I know that at the bean 
of it. we share the same values.” 

A FTER “American.” no 
one word was men- 
tioned by more than 4 
parent of those in the 
pofl. “Average." which may have 
been a son of nonanswer for people 
who couldn’t think of a more de- 
scriptive off-the-cuff answer or frit 
pressed for time in the telephone 
interviews, was next overall, with 4 
percent of the total (but only 2 
percent of the women). “Me^ or 
“myself” also drew 4 percent 

Women were more likely to say 
they were a “parent” first and fore- 
most: 4 percent versos 1 percent of 
the men. Women were also mote 
likely to describe themselves as 
“caring.” or say they were “survi- 
vors.” Men woe more fikdy to 
mention where they stood on the 
economic ladder (^rich." “poor." 
or “middle class”), and to a 
political philosophy (“liberal” or 
“conservative”). No" one mentioned 
marital status as the defining char- 

Aut umn Arrives Early in Paris 

Ciline’s elongated 
silhouette for fall: A riding 
coat over short skirt, ..... 
with thigh-high boots. 

International Harold Tribute 

ARIS —Quietly, gently, the first 
leaves of fall fashion are fluttering 
down. The advancement of the 
ready-to-wear calendar— the shows 
startin KfilanoaFeb.26 — has precipitated 
file pro-autumn collections. 

The first rn^'or show in Paris ca™ last 
week from Gfime, a house that belongs to 
Bernard Arnault’s faahjrwi empir e. In ane of 
jhose internal financial moves appareudyjo t 
: enable Arnault tormake-farther acquisitions; 
Ctiine has just been soklwitim the group to 
LVMH (MoCt-Hennessy Lams Vmtton). 

- The- sbow suggests that there are subtle 
diai^toomCSne’spercqjtiraiof itsmar- 
ket It wasoocelorowiiiat providing mkldl^ 
of-the-road fashion fbra well-bred clientele. 
But C 6 hne is fast becoming an mtemational 
luxury house — all soft cream knits, mink- 
trimmed parkas and sweeping baby-llama 
coats with beaver collars. 

Hus upmarket sportswear is familiar in’ 
ItaN and the United Stales, but it is seen less 
in France, and C&ine seems to be making a 
smart move to fiE a gap in a generally over- 
crowded fashion market 
• The strength, of the show was in its sporty 
clothes given a twist of Gallic tailorin g: long 
riding coats with velvet collars and cuffs, pale 
sheading coats and cabled knits, all shown 
with highwayman thi gh -hi g h boots, which 
were part of the strong accessories range. : 

The more regular clothes were just that — 
office-giri suits, sometimes given a flippy 
pleated or flared shoit skirt of the 

inevitable short and tight. Evening ciotbcs 
reverted bade to the 1980s with brocade frock 
coats, although velvet dresses, with dropped 
waists and flared skirts, were slightly sassy. 
White offering no new direction, except per- 
haps in its wintry trine g re en , brown arid 
g»aer-bJne colors, the show was wefl dote: 
HaaaeMorfs Cashmere and Weekend col- 
lection was also easy an the eye and relatively 
gentle co the pocket. The simple sportswear, 
designed to complement the more sophisti- 
cated designer ready-to-wear coEectioa to be 
shown in March, lived 19 to its n«irw» For 
weekend and casual wear time we re coats, 
with the deep armholes and cape shapes that 
make them appropriate to be worn fashion- 
ably layered. Furrowed corduroy velvet for 
jackets and car coats also had a country fed. 

The kmts, all dnrigiwi 10 coor d n utto with 
the taupo, canids and berry reds of the 
dothes, mixed cashmere and a~Ik. The femi- 
nine sweater sets arid tunics with p»m< in- 
duded wool lace effects as decoration and a 
pattern of Man’s signature butterflies. 

“IfVa concept — luxury sportswear at 
affordable. puces,” said Mori’s son Kej, the 
company's European president. “My mother 
always loved cashmere, and this collection 
was a little part that grew and grew.” ■ ■ 

Sozy Menkes 

I R O M A N O T H 1 R I S N O 




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International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, February' 15, 1994 

International Herald Trltwne WoiW Stock Index ©, composed of 
280 Internationally invqstable .stocks from 25. countries, compiled 
by Hoomberg Business News. Jan. 1. 1992 = 100. 

120 — - : 


” Wo rl d In de x ' " ~ 


D J 



■ IBM 

■ Asia/Pacific 



. . Apptnoc. weionting: 32% 
Close: 13124 Prevj 131 JM 


_ Approx. welQhflng: 37V . 
Close: 1 14,68 Piwc 113 j42 


MO * : . 


W S O N- D 

J - F 

S O N-. D ■ S 


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1983 ‘ ' 

B North America 

Latin America 

Approx. weighBng: 26% 



Approx. inigMog: 5%. | 

_ CfoSK 97.67 97^5 - 

ISO — 

r: CtOBK 15Z67 Pbw_ 1S321 .. | 


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Flmca, Germany, Hong Kuos, OMy. MarieeTfa ew riant t a, New Zeefawd, Noram*. 
StagaporaTspain, Sweden, SaAxarfand and Vaoaniate. For Tokyo, Now Yv k xnd 
London/** index Is composed of tfw fifl lop teuw kt mints ot market captaBradoa ! 
otherwise the tm top stocks are tracked 

Industrial Sectors 

Won’t Cut 

Refusal Chills 
GATT Expansion 

By Tom Bueikle 

International Herald Tribune 

• Japan dashed hopes Monday for 

Energy 116.38 11626 +009 CepMG oadi 11521 11&61 +1^1 

UMfe 12923 12651 Rwr Ifalerlate 12039 119-53 40-72 

ftance . 12227 120.68 * 1.44 CoBM—rOfloda 10057 89.72 + 0.85 

Service* 126J9 T25J7 40.10 13100 13522 -1.64 

Far mmttamuBon about fte Index, abooUetb anb^ ^^chargB. 

With loTrib Index, 181 Avenue Cbailes do Gatdb, 92521 Natikty Codex, France. 

~~ Clntematfcind Herald Tribune 

Am Stalks Opportunities 

After Equitable, Asia Is on the Menu 

by failing to deliver deep tariff re- 
ductions ot wood, white alcohol 
and other products, prompting the 
United States to withdraw tariff- 
mning offers in those areas, trade 
officials said. 

The moves were announced at a 
meeting in Geneva involving the 
United States, Japan. Canada and 
the European Union — the so-called 
quadrilateral group — that virtually 
sealed the Uruguay Round track 
accord that was reached on a provi- 
sional basis in December. 

Although the tariff decisions 
were not directly related to the 
breakdown of trade talks between 
Washington and Tokyo last week, 
trade officials said, they had a simi- 
lar cause: the inability of the gov- 
ernment of Prime Minister Mori- 
hiro Hosokawa to open Japan's 
markets as quickly as its Western 
allies want. 

The United Stales and Europe 
had been pressing Japan to make 
biggpr cuts in its tariffs on wood, 
white alcohols such as gin and vod- 
ka, and on leather and footwear 
than it had promised in December. 

“That hasn't happened, and at 
this point it’s hard to be optimistic 
about it,” John Schmidt, the chief 
U.S. negotiator for the Uruguay 
Round, will 

As a result, Mr. Schmidt said 
Washington was withdrawing its 
offer to elimina te tariffs on those 
goods as well as on industrial elec- 
tronic goods. That offer had been 
made conditional on greater mar- 
ket openings by Japan. 

Separately, a Japanese official 
sought to fend off talk of U.S. trade 
retalia tion because of the break- 
down in bilateral talks. 

Koichiro Matsuura, deputy for- 
eign minister for economic affairs, 
aa?J sntfi action by Washington 
would be unjustified because “there 
is no bread] of agreement, no vtote- 

See GATT, Page 11 

By Jacques Neher 

Inremanmat Herald Tribune 

PARIS — “We came across a young lion who 
was eating a still living buffalo.'' says Claude 
Bebear, chairman of France's Axa insurance com- 
pany, remembering an incident from one of his 
recent hunting safaris through Africa. “Then, the 
lion looked up and saw us. When a lion looks into 
your eyes . . . whoa, now that's exciting." 

Mr. Beb&ar, figuring the lion was too young to 
challenge the hunter's gun, said he held steady, and 
the animal sooq ran off. 

Whether prowling about the African bush or ax 
work in his Paris office — adorned with a leopard 
$irin mounted wildlife trophies and a dozen 5- 
mcb-long rhinoceros teeth — the head of the 
largest private French insurer has proved an expert 
at measuring risks and pouncing on opportunities. 

He has astonished the financial community with 
fais lightning turnaround at Equitable Cos., the 
third. largest Uf>. life insurer. With more than S5 
billion available to finance acquisitions and start- 
up operations, Mr.. Bebear said he currently is 
sirin g up opportunities in China and Mexico, and 
wants to make another stab in a year or so at the 
us. mar ltpj , this time in the nontife sector. 

In 1991. Axa invested SI billion in Equitable, 
then hemorrhaging heavily as a result of a soured 
junk bond portfolio and a collapse in the U.S. 
commercial real estate market. On Tuesday the 
Manhattan -based company is expected to report 
1993 operating earnings in' excess of S200 million, 
up from S37 million in 1992, and analysts say 
operating profits could soar to S360 million this 

As a result, Axa, which owns 49 percent of 
Equitable is also expected 10 show strong earnings 
growth when it releases results on Tuesday. 

Tun Dawson, insurance sector analyst with Leh- 
man Brothers in London, said he saw the turn- 
around at Equitable, the winding down of an 
unprofitable marine-insurance unit in London and 
the recovery in the French nonlife insurance mar- 
ket boosting Axa’s net profit for 1993 by 23 per- 

'Equitable is probably the 
most successful U.S. 
acquisition by any French 

Ian Furnivall, analyst at Hoare 

cent, to 1.8 billion francs, and he predicted that 

J irofit would leap 33 percent in 1994, to 14 billion 

Starting with a s mall regional mutual insurer 
called Andenne Mutuelle in 1958, Mr. Bebear has 
built one of Europe's largest financial groups, 
largely by acquiring companies such as Groupe 
Drouot in 1982 and Compagnie du Midi in 1988. 
With Equitable, Axa today has 30,000 employees 
around the world, total premium income of some 
$20 billion, and more man $230 billion in assets 
under manag ement. 

Tm not a gambler. This was a very calculated 

See AXA, Page II 

Canal Plus President Quits 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatdta 

PARIS — Andre Rousselet, the 
chairman of France's pay-televi- 
sion channel Canal Phis SA. re- 
signed Monday because of a dis- 
agreement about last week’s 
reshufflin g of the station’s capital 

Mr. Rousselet, one of the co- 
founders of Canal Plus and presi- 
dent since the channel began opera- 
tions in 1984, had also resigned 
Friday from the board of Havas SA, 
an advertising company that owns 
233 percent of the pay-television 

Mr. Rousselet took issue with Ha- 
vas’ derision to combine its 233 
percent stake in Canal Phis with the 
20.1 percent owned by Compagnie 
Genferale des Eatrx SA. He stormed 
out of a Havas board meeting 

Thursday after the derision, which 
he apparently viewed as a threat to 
his managerial autonomy. 

The Havas board also decided to 
tighten its link with the state-run 
telephone utility France Telecom, 
which Mr. Rousselet saw as a 
threat to Canal Plus’ independence, 
according to published reports. 

The move was sanctioned by a 
French media law that came into 
force on Feb. 1, which raised the 
stake investors can control in a tele- 
vision company to 49 percent from 
25 percent. 

Most of Canal Plus’ program- 
ming is scrambled and viewers 
must pay a monthly fee for a de- 
coder box to connect to their televi- 
sions. ft specializes in broadcasting 
movies and major sports events. 

Page 9 

Lloyd’s Fails 
To Head Off 
Court Action 

Two years after the station's fit- 
ful stari, Mr. Rousselet negotiated 
a favorable broadcasting license 
from the government that greatly 
improved the company's fortunes. 

The license made him an arch- 
enemy of the French rightists, 
which accused Mr. Rousselet of us- 
ing his friendship with President 
Francois Mitterrand, a Socialist, to 
achieve the result. 

Mr. Rousselet served as treasurer 
of Mr. Mitterrand’s unsuccessful 
presidential campaigns in 1963 and 
1974 and was a key aide to Mr. 
Mitterrand when be was elected 
president in 1981. 

After serving a year as the new 
president’s chief of staff, he left to 
become president of Havas, where 
he remained until 1986. 

(AP, Reiners) 

Compiled by Oar Staff From Dtspcadia 

LONDON — Lloyd’s of London 
said on Monday that an offer of 
compensation to its members 
aimed at staving off court action 
had failed. 

It said that its proposal to settle 
out of court for a sum of £900 
million ($132 billion) with 22.000 
of the insurance market's tradition- 
al backers, known as the Names, 
had been rejected. 

A ballot of Names, mostly 
wealthy people who have financed 
the market since its inception 300 
years ago. dosed on Monday with 
"only 38 percent accepting the offer. 
Lloyd's had been looking for 70 
percent acceptance. 

Lloyd's made the compensation 
offer in a bid to head off a wave of 
litigation by the Names againsL 
man y of their agents in the insur- 
ance market. The agents put to- 
gether syndicates for various insur- 
ance policies, which the Names 
back with their personal wealth. 

The Names have set up more 
than 30 action groups to investigate 
and pursue allegations of negli- 
gence and mismanagement against 
their agents following the an- 
nouncement of record market 
losses of £53 billion in the last 
three years. The losses followed a 
series of major natural disasters 
around the world. 

David Rowland, Lloyd's chair- 
man, said he regretted the result. 
Litigation was now the only course, 
he said. “I have always made it 
clear that whether or not we 
achieved a resolution would not 
affect the future development [of 
Lloyd's!", Mr. Rowland. 

A spokeswoman for Lloyd's said 
the offer had now lapsed. Mi. Row- 
land said be would now concen- 
trate on implementing the business 
plan unveiled last year with the aim 
of restoring the troubled market to 

Analysts have estimated recently 
that the Names also faced losses 
totaling at least £3 billion in the 
next two years. 

Leaders of the Names' action 
group leaders said the lapsed deal 
stripped the Names of too many of 

their legal rights and described it as 
one-sided in favor of market pro- 

They also believed they could 
obtain more than £900 minion in 
compensation from specialist in- 
surers. who provided Lloyd’s 
agents with professional indemnity 
coverage through the British 

Lloyd’s and the specialist insurers 
dispute the Names’ esumaies of how 
much compensation is available and 
have warned the Names that the 
offer represented the best deal many 
of them could expect to get. 

The rejection of the ’settlement 
means the market faces years of 
litigation which may damage its al- 
ready-tarnished reputation. 

“It wasn't a good enough offer," 
said Raymond Nonage, deputy 
chairman of Good a Walker Action 
Group, a leading group among 
those which are coordinating law- 
suits on behalf of the 23,000 
Names. "Lloyd’s council will have 
to go back to’ the drawing board." 

I Reuters, Bloomberg) 

MTFl Admits 
It Wrote Script 

A genre France- Preue 

TOKYO —The Ministry or 
International Trade and In- 
dustry admitted Monday that 
it instructed influential busi- 
ness organizations to applaud 
the government's economic ‘ 
stimulus package announced 
last week. 

Before the announcement, 
the ministry issued written 
documents suggesting that 
business groups “highly praise 
the package as a decisive 
judgement by the coalition 
parties as well as the govern- 
ment," ministry officials said. 

The ministry officials said 
the documents'were aimed not 
at forcing the groups to follow 
the ministry's position but at 
letting them have a reference 
for thrir comments. 

Thinking Ahoa tfyCommentary 1 _ 

Free Trade: Idea in Search of a Friend 

By Reginald Dale . 

Jnteraarional Herald Tribune . 

-or-w- y ASHINGTON —We all know 
m a / what America , stands fpf.j 
m/1/ America is for' free trade and 
T Y open markets and against gov- 
ernment intervention. Or is it?. - > 

In Gensvajust before Ch ri st m as, die United 
Sta les took a lurch in the opposite direction. 
As the Uruguay Round erf world trade talks 
ended, U.S. negotiators MccessfuDy insisted 
on stronger defenses against cheap imports 
and weaker roles on government subsidies. 

Not even the Europeans, so often damned 
as protectionists by Americans, wanted logo 
so far. Bat if the Americans, d [all peed* said 
it should be made easier to dose and dutort 
world markets, who was going to objea?^ 
It is too fate, ot comae, to correct America s 
errors in Geneva. Bm the risk is that more 
damage will be done in the months ahead as 
the U A Gmgress tackles legislation needed to 
imptemem Uruguay Round derisions. 

The danger is that the administration win 
be tempted to boy the bill’s p assage b y fes- 
tooning it with protectionist trropngs. 

uSormnately, President Bffl CTiiUmi s ir- 
responsible wrecking of last wed?s U.S.-Jap- 
jsfmther finning the flames of 
protectionism on Capitol HU Particularly in 
the Democratic nugority. ■ . . 

And Mr. Clinton win not want to msan- 
point party colleagues whose votes he needs 
SheaS care tmdother domestic priorities. 

Last 3||W|Bm i Mr. Gin ton ontman covered 
the prowctionisiforces— rin 
in uncompetitive mdustnes andm Congress 
that sought to derail the North American 

heeded those Siren 

voices and spumed those of America’s suc- 
cessful exporters as it tied up the Uruguay 
Round package. 


ton that theTJ-S. team made a big mistake m 
Geneva what it reversed a long-s tan d ing po- 
sition at the last moment and insisted on 
much looser disriplroe for government subsi- 
dies far research and development. 

The reason was a sudden panic among Mr. 
Clin ton’s science and technology advisers, 

Hie danger is that Mr. 
Clinton will placate 
protectionists to get the 
Uruguay Round bill 
through Congress. 

who feared the tighter rules about to be 
written into the agreement would inhibit fheir 
ability to condoct industrial policy — for 
CTBTnp lc hy co-financing projects with indus- 
try, such as the proposed dectric car. 

The folly of tins has not escaped Senate 
Repubhcam, who are anyway, no fans of 
Industrial ^policy: They rightly point opt that 
the door h as been opened for nmch bigger 
government subsidies to competitors in Eu- 
rope and Asia that the United States is un- 
Kkefy to be able to match/ . 

The American negotiators made another 

nr& demanding much tongber anti-Jungring 
rules against cheap imports — now the pro- 
tccticmsts weapon ordbaicG. 

They seemed not to care about the corol- 

lary; that U.S. exporters will be much more 
likely to have anti-dumping duties dapped on 
than by other countries. 

Astonishingly, there will be people in Con- 
gress to argue that even these new rules are 
not strong enough to protect outmoded 
American industries. Probably aided and 
abetted by the Commerce Department, they 
will try to toughen the implementing legisla- 
tion as much as possible. 

Farm interests will doubtless challenge the 
agricultural provisions, and there is bound be a 
problem raising the estimated $8 billion a year 
to pay for the round’s tariff cuts. 

Trickiest of all, Mr. Gin ton will have to 
reassure Congress that be has not surren- 
dered final authority over U.S. trade policy to 
the new World Trade Organization m Gene- 
va when, on paper at least, he has. 

Congress, for instance, will have to accept 
that the United States can no longer veto that 
organization's findings in trade disputes or 
have the final say in anti-dumping cases. 
Many people will not like iL 
So die price they demand may wdl be 
rantroduction of the so-called Soper-301 legis- 
lation much feared by America’s trading part- 
ners, which requires the administration to tar- 
get specific countries for trade retaliation — if 
a has not already been revived to get at Japan. 

Few doubt that the Uruguay Round will 
finally pass. Bnt Mr. Clinton should at all 
costs try to avoid the trap he fell into with the 
North American Free Trade Agreement, 
when he bud to buy individual votes with 
protectionist concessions. 

The world still needs America to set an ex- 
ample. It must be hoped Mr. Clinton will stand 
firmer in defense of tree trade on the Potomac 
flum he did cm the Lake Geneva shoe. 

Quite simply the Royal Oak 



The master watchmaker. 

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'£££$» pound;* nburcmdtour^ iMHutm amwfw-ft'iu.- «* 

Eurocurrency Deposits 








Feb. 14 

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Page 10 



Stocks Edge Higher 
With Eye on Dollar 

Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK —The stock mar- 
ket edged higher Monday bat Trea- 
sury bond prices faltered as focus 
shifted to the failed U^.-Japan 
trade talks and the resulting plunge 
in the dollar. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age dosed up 92 8, at 3,904.06. Voi- 
ume c»i the New York Stock Ex- 
change was active at 263. 11 million 

N.Y. Stocfca 

shares and advancing issues led de- 
clines by a small margin. 

Some sentiment that the dollar's 
weakness could allow inflation to 
take hold, possibly spurring the 
Federal Reserve Board to push up 
interest rales again, weighed on gov- 
ernment securities. The benchmark 
30-year government bond was down 
17/32, at 97 13/32, in late trading, 
with the yield edging up to 6.4S 
percent from 6.41 percent Friday. 

A 17 percent drop in the Nikkei 
Slock Average because of the lack 
of a trade agreement also spooked 
U.S. stock investors, capping gains. 

“It's a jittery market Investors 
are nervous. You get a rally and 
people bail out" said Don Hays, 
an investment strategist at Wheat 
First-Butcher & Singer. 

But some analysts focused od 
prospects for Japan's efforts to 

YEN: Trade Tensions Hit Dollar 

Continued from Page 1 

change rate. The purpose this lime, 
they said, would be to pressure To- 
kyo to make the politically difficult 
decision to open its market more 
fully to American imports. 

“The level of the dollar versus 
the yen is a bargaining tool rather 

Foreign Exchange 

than a direct means to redress the 
trade balance,” said Malcolm Barr, 
a currency economist at Chemical 

Increasingly, however, analysts 
are betting that it will not be 
enough to wrest the hoped-for con- 
cessions from Tokyo. 

“I think that Washington has 
backed itself into a bit of a comer 
and that we are going to get some 
modest trade sanctions against Ja- 
pan." said Robert Thomas, bead of 
currency research at NatWest Mar- 

If that happens, it would be up to 
Tokyo to either complain to the 
General Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade, the world trade watchdog, 
or take retaliatory measures itself. 
Once the dispute takes that more 
overtly political form, currency an- 
alysts say, it could be the signal for 
the yen to start falling again. Mr. 
Thomas said be expected the dollar 
to rise back to 120 yen by year-end. 

“We are terribly concerned,” Hi- 
deaki Kumano, a top official at the 
Ministry at International Trade 
and Industry, said in Tokyo. 

II the dollar falls to 100 yen, “we 
will have negative growth in 1994; 
that is for sure,” said Kazuo Nu- 
kazawa of the Kddanren, Japan's 
federation of economic organiza- 

Beyond U.S. -Japanese relations, 
however, analysts said they expect- 
ed the dispute to have relatively 
little effect. The dollar was weaker 
against some European currencies 
Monday, but the commonly held 
view was that the dollar’s plunge 
against the yen would do little mare 
t han delay the American currency’s 
long-expected rally against Conti- 
nental currencies. 

With U.S. interest rales having 
begun to climb again and with Eu- 
ropean rates believed to have fur- 
ther to fall, they said, the dollar’s 
rise has been little more than post- 

In New York on Monday, the 
dollar was also quoted at 1.4550 
Swiss francs, down from 1.4800 
francs Friday, and at 5.8720 
French francs, compared with 
5.9585 francs. The pound rose to 
S1.4855 from SI.4627. 

A senior dealer in New York for 
Barclays PLC, John Nelson, said 
trading had been “extremely active 
but mostly orderly.” 

Via AnuUund Pro» 


Opm moil Low LB*} Chs. 

trim its trade surplus with the Unit- 
ed States to ultimately benefit the 
U.S. economy, and that km the 
market support 
Paramount Communications, 
the most actively traded issue on 
the New York Stock Exchange, 

a ped X to 76tt as investors 
sd out before a 12:01 A^t 
Tuesday deadline for bidding be- 
tween Viacom and QVC Network 
to determine if either will win con- 
trol of the media giant. QVC rose 
IK to48K on the over-the-counter 
market after it said Sunday it 
would not sweeten its bid, which 
would have violated the bidding 

Among other active issues, 3M 
rose 1 to 1 05ft after it announced a 
6 percent quarterly dividend in- 
crease and a 2-for-l stock split. It 
also said it would repurchase up to 
12 million shares. The dividend in- 
crease and split helped investors 
ignore earnings for the fourth quar- 
ter and year that were weaker than 
analysts’ expected. 

General Motors rose K to 61 K, 
rebounding after last week's slide 
in the wake of the company's 
fourth-quarter and 1993 results. 

Columbia HCA Healthcare 
Corp. rose life to 39% after Gold- 
man. Sachs & Co. recommended 
the provider of medical services. 

(AP. Bloomberg) 

• .,\=- *! « 

IMUS 3SM0O 192567 389536 3W06 -US 
Trans 18(036 1*1608 179187 180308 -5" 
UN SISJW 216.91 71*37 21*39 — 0J2 
Camp 1407.97 141*26 I4O40S U15JS -ISO 

Kelt Law Last On. 

SP 100 439.11 OS 73 437.16 ->424 

SP5M 471.99 44WK 47023 *031* 

Industrials 551.42 SA0B 549.47 -(LSI 

Tronsp. 43532 43240 43*43 -0.12 

unifies 16533 14327 14*28 —0.91 

finance 4*49 4*26 4*39 

CtoM Hhiti low ftm.Oose 

COCOA fl mi 

Stertteo per w al l l U o u Ws oflllwn 




























NYSE Indexes 

MM Uw Lass CD*. 

! Composite 242.16 2076 241.24 — OJF 

Industrials 3ZL77 32O0S 371*6 -0.14 

! Tramp. 27107 27307 77*53 —001 

Utility =21.56 220.13 27060 —090 

Finance 314.92 71*09 71*48 —004 


Coffee (lcej 

Denannr nnwctaa-ioB o»s mm 
Mar 1,195 L197 im i.wo iju ixe 

MOT 1,196 1.197 1.199 U9I IJM 1.212 

Jot 1.194 l.lfS 1.W7 IW UK UK 

Sep 1,194 1,198 1,198 1.1»4 UK ISM 

Estvaune: iul 

Utah Law CteM Or** 
Dalian par metric taa-hAi of 38 M 
Mar 309 JO N.T. 30000 31*00 + 200 

May 30606 304J0 30600 3000 + 158 

abb 5*35 30500 msa mm + uo 

NASDAQ Indexes 


1993 .1994 

NYSE Host Actives 

Hteh Low Last On* 
















— m 


























— s 



















NASDAQ Most Actives 



















— ft. 















































AMEX Stock index 

Hteh Lew Last Che. 
477334 47*40 47*91 —133 

Pour Jones Pond A v eregss 

Pn rlO M Today 
aoss m aaa 

20 Bonds 10*79 10*79 

10 UTIIIttes 103.15 100.15 

10 Industrials 10643 10443 

Market Sales 

NYSE 3 Pan. upturn* 23*679,180 

ssSfs a»sr 

ts&z&ss*-'**’ 4SSSS 

NASDAQ preu. 4 mm. volume 2MU690W 

H.Y.S.E- Odd-tot Trecflng 

Bur Sahm Short* 

Fetx 11 893.988 104*317 3087* 

Fob. 10 1010.154 1J1ELOM &iM3 

Fefi. 9 1.057,144 101*232 49J4J 

Fob. 8 10*7083 1519017 21 JM 

Feb. 7 U7945A 1525,994 3*261 

'Included tn the sates hearts. 

SAP 1 0O Index Options 

Am mao sosoo mm mm + os 

OCJ N.T. N.T. 3950) »70O + 300 

Doc 29150 N.T. 29100 29500 + *80 

Mot N.T. N.T. 29350 29S50 + 300 

EH. vahmw: 771 Open Int.: mil 


Oom Previous 

■id- Ask BU Aik 

; ALUMINU M (Hlph Graft) 

fSSS 0 """ ITflLDO 00 122900 124*00 134580 

Forward rmm 1251.00 iwJo 1245J0 


SS ar *"*’ ,T, ffi?J0”ia2tt5O 1BZ3J0 182*50 
Forward 185800 185100 184*00 114500 


Donors >er metric tea 

Seal 47*50 475JD 48000 48100 

Parma 48800 48900 49300 49408 


Denon pa- metric m 

*** SSffl SSffi SSffl 

Forward 577800 577300 BM W 38 4000 


Donors per metric tea 
Spot 534500 5373JD0 537500 530000 

Forworn 54X109 542500 542S00 543000 

ZINC {Special Hten Grade) 

95*60 95500 

Forward 96700 96*00 97200 97300 


High Low Chat dee e 
■SMoa-ptsei iMpct 

Mer 9*79 1*76 9*78 UIKft. 

Jen 9*93 9408 9*91 Unch. 

3a> 9*8* «*M V*M -HUE 

Dec 9460 9*76 9*79 +002 

MOT **41 9407 9459 +002 

Jim SMJS «us **36 +OD1 

Sep **16 **13 *435 -HUE 

DOC 9307 9304 9305 Uncfl. 

Mar 9179 nji 9376 Unch. | 

Jan 9*64 9362 9X60 —002 

EH. vqJutm: 4U68. Open bit: 43405* i 

SI nUTtlOD-ptSOf IMpct 

NYSE Diary 

tow issues 
New Lows 

Amen Diary 

Tofol Issues 
New Lows 


ToM issues 
New Kwhs 
New Lows 

1125 801 

1026 1214 

611 675 

Z764 2690 

<1 34 

29 44 

2B4 220 

355 320 

203 230 

B42 770 

16 6 

10 6 

1437 1192 

1449 1402 

1682 1991 

4783 4705 

HM 56 

43 59 

30— — — — 

JH — — — — 

400 — — H — 

405 — — — — 

48) — — 30 — 

415 — 301 — — 

431 16 ZFt 7Tlk - 

425 Oft 15*7 - - 

a R ii ms — 

03 4 *. 716 tQ 7 i — 

44 m 4% n » 

445 ft SI It - 

ffl » 1* 7* M. 

455 * ft 1 V - 

W — 14 ft Ft 

455—14 15 — 

cols: KM vSLBZaSl Male 
Pals: Mol wcL2)L548: toMo 

- it ft 
ft ft — 
ft ft 1ft 
r, 1h — 
ft 1* 1ft 
ft I 7ft 
ft 1ft 2ft 
ft 1ft » 
ft 2ft 4 
ft 3 4ft 

1 31k 4 

2 Sft Jft 
a 7ft 9ft 
Sft m 12ft 
Bft uft n 
am - — 

- - 3ft 





























Est. volume: its. 



- - - ]ft - - 

_ _ _ 2ft 3ft - 

S MBtiot 0: Wd ann tt.21.lN 
: Ubi wL2J57; total seen iaL 15*185 


DMi imman-etsof lMpd 
Mar 9*32 9*27 9408 —603 

Jon 9*74 9*71 9473 — 001 

Sw WISJ 9500 9305 Unch. 

Dec 9504 9501 9503 Unch. 

Mar HJSS 953! msa +004 

Jen 9530 9534 95J9 +003 

5W> 9532 9506 9509 +003 

Dec 95.17 95.12 95 l15 +004 

Mar 9503 950* 9503 + 002 

Jen 9*89 9*88 9450 + 602 

EsL volume: 7*402. Ooen mix 94*45* 

C8066 - pis A 32nds et IN PCt 
Mm- 116-18 115-12 115-31 Unch. 

Jon m-21 114-28 11509 UnriL 

EsL volume: 8101* Open kit: 7 M20S8. 
DM 28*666 - pis ana* pci 
M ar 99J4 9907 9907 +004 

Jan 9M2 9902 99.17 +008 

Est. volume: 14*539. Open ML: 209,961. 


Hiok LOW Low Settle CWH 

Uj, dollars per metric ton-Ms el IK tool 
Mm- 14*75 14005 14100 14100 —125 

Aar 14*75 13905 13905 13905 —400 

Clinton Sees Long-Term Growth for U.S. 


WASHINGTON — The U.S. economy should 
have enough vigor to continue growing for the rest 
of the decade if interest rates stay low, despite the 
braking effect of budget deficit reduction. Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton told Congress Monday. 

“The medicine of low interest rates now seems to 
be taking hold,” Mr. Clinton said in his “Economic 
Report of the President." 

The report was issued a week after his fiscal 1995 
budget proposal but used slightly more recent 
data. It sees interest rates an 1 0-year US. Treasury 
notes averaging 5.7 percent in 1994 through 1999. 
That is down slightly from the estimate of 5.8 
percent seen in the budget proposal. 

In the report, Mr. Cud ton said the law passed 
last summer to cut the budget deficit was largely 
responsible far lower rates. 

MOT 14305 138 JO 33875 13900 —305 

Joe van 139 JO 13905 13975 — 150 

Jnl M&3 14175 14175 14175 — £® 

AH 145J3I 14*75 14506 14400 — 250 

SOW W 14*25 14*50 14*80 —250 

OO 14*75 14975 14675 U97S —ITS 

Nov 13*00 13173 13200 13175 —200 

Dos 13373 13375 13373 13373 —273 

Jn 15503 15505 1SSZ 15500 — 075 

Est. volume: 1M4Q. Open M. 1*190 


U.5. dollars per Barret-Ms of liMbmrak 
Apt 1203 1334 U36 1306 — *40 

May 1407 1X56 1138 13J9 -036 

Jen 1*16 1073 137* 1176 — SS 

JUt 1*0 1190 U9S TL93-BJ2 

AW 1406 1406 1*04 1*04 —007 

San 1407 1*37 1407 1*35 —035 

OO N.T. N.T. N.T. 1*46 —002 

Nov 1500 1500 1300 1*61 —031 

Bsl. volume: 1*597 . Oaon ML 29JR9 

Stock Indexes 

PTSE 160 (UFFE> 

125 pm team petal 

Mm 3379 0 33330 335*0 -170 

JOB 33170 335*0 3X85 —170 

Son H.T. N.T. 33880 —170 

Elt V0FWM-. 13081. Ontn ML! KM. 

Sources; RmOn Mont A m o d tate rf Pro. 
London tnrt Financial Mares Exchange, 
loti Petndmm Exchange. 

Spot Commodity* 

AhgeM unvBi 
Ctttea,. BiW. lb 
Cooper etectniiyttc. IB 
Iron FOB, Apt 

Lead, lb 

SI Ivor, troy m 
Stool (scrapLton 
Tin. lb 

TWay Pro*. 

0057 0063 

a 47 nur 

. 1012 . 0592. 

21303 21300 

034 . 654 

S2& &24 


IUL 30994 

07818 - 04614 


Am Batanced Fd .16 

Columela HCA Hnti . 335 

Natl Inca ReaKv . .15 

NdilQSAPoGvrtA&B _ 01 

Pacific Am tnai _ jo 


S 3 

Pitney Dawn O 34 

Vulcan Materials Q 33 


parted Feb 11th. 

2-11 2-14 
54 6-1 

3-1 341 
2-18 241 
2-28 M3 

3-1 3-15 
745 34 

245 3-T2 
244 5- W 

FemiEzi Sfeters’ Stock Held. 


ROME — Police investigating 
corruption have seized $70 miTHon 
of stock from two members of die 
family drat controlled Italy’s Fer- 
rara conglomerate, the news agency 
ANSA reported on Monday. Mice 
in Ravenna, the Ferruzzi famil y 

wtoch said the shares had*fxxr[ 
seized frisn Akssandra and France- 
sca Fer ruzzi - 


Firms Accept Settlement on 

PETRDIT (Rentas) — Dow 

Co. and Basra IaBxnatkraal Inc. said Monday thqr breast 

teffion s^^t^silKOtK gd breast 

imnbnt esses nmivingttns ol 

S boot wto* '* 

would contribute as much as S2 biflun wi boftr tissues, 
The^ inmlants, which can rupture and teak silicone !in body 
have bera Warned forinmauSsystcm dis^ders and other ailments. 

Business laventori^s Hold Steady 

WASHJNGTTON (Bbomberg) — 
were nractkaDy unchanged in . December, the Commerce 
annca^^Monday, as sales rose for the fifth conscmnve^mtm^astgn 
that consmner and corporate mending contmne to 
favcnlories totaled a scasooSy a^'ustcd 
after inaeasng 0.6 in November, to.$874 J5 bMsm, the depart- .. 

ment said. ■ 

. . By industry, retail inventories rose 0.5 pracent in Decomb^whojKaJe 
invenidrics increased 0.4 percent, but manufacturing inventories dccmied 

GM i» SMp Ite Oire to Kazakhstan 

DETROIT (Renters) — General Motors 

t [o distribute vrfndes built m North America m 

IntervoKram. in Alma-Ata, capital of the Jow0tn«^^ 
initially sdl Chevrotet cars and trucks and ahimted tjjjjac 

modds, GM said. Intervolfram is a joint venture of World Mactunery 
Ox, West Nyack, New York, and private investors m KazaWramo. 

GM said sales were expected to start this quarter, wndi 
sfamment of cars and fight trucks scheduled for tinsmOTth. GM began 
s jftn g its North American vrfndes as wdl as Opds, made by its German 
subsiSaiy, in Russia in 1992 and has. about three dozen dealerships in 
that country. 

EU to Look Into Ford’s Hertz Plan 

BRUSSELS (AF) —The European Commission said Monday it would 
investigate apian by Ford Motor Co. to acquire control of Hertz Corp., 

the worldwide car-rental company. . . 

In"a notice in the European Umoids official journal, the commission 


■ * O.t 

: anr* than 30 VCaiS. 

Hertz might come under the jurisdiction of the EU*s merger rules. 

Under rules, the commissaon has fair weeks to aedde whether 
flw t wm*of»tirtn mnM Harm onmpetiticn in Europe.- If it finds reason for 
“serious doubts” about the txansactiou, it must schedule amoreintenave 
investigatioa lastmg four months. 

IBM and Unisys Readi Chips Accord 

NEW YORK (AP) — Intematicmal Badness Machines C«p. and 
Unisys Corp_ competitors in the mulring and selling of nridatzed and 

, J V . “j 1 TDX4 

manufacture chips designed by Unisys. 

The chips will be used in mainframe-class servers, vdtich supply and 
process data for networks of personal computers. 

The comderaeatary metal oxide semiconductor, or CMOS, drips are 

*- r? 


the saxoebnd tW run PCs. Unisys is moving to CMOS finxn.a 
technology called twitted coupler logic, which is a form of an older chip 

For the Record , i 

Dow Jones A Co. said liberty Brokerage wold furnish data on XJB. X" 
Treasury securities for (Gssemination to customers of Dow Jones Toler- 
ate: (Reuters) 

General PoMte Uti&fies Corp. anuounced a le or ga ni/ ^ tion and cost- 
cutting plan to make it more competitive. - (Knight-Ridder) \ 

■ ■ ■ ■ • ■ ■ *c 

W— fcwd Box OfUcv - 

The Associated Press • 

UJSANGELES— “Are Veatinra, Pet DetecriYe”t 0 pped the weekend - 

box ofime, earning an estimated $9.5 wrillion Following are (he Top 10 
moueymflkers based on Friday ticket sales and estimated sales for' 
Saturday and Snnday. 

LIAat VMNuro. Pet Detective' 

imrsto Brother*} 

990 mm Ian 



MJ1 mOUoa 

1 -Blank aiedr 




AGotombta Ptctum) . .. 

*5J roBfloo 


lUntorral} . 


*,TMaM8MtfL; .ft ■- . 

7.1Mre.DaiiUflr« H • • 

* "My Faltwr Ttw Hero" 

Ipsuchstmm nchirmr 


9. "Grumov OW Men" 

iwarrmr Brothers) 


15 “In We Name of We Father” 

. {UMMHBfl 

&0 nUUkm 




1,900 Positions 

Russia Rattles the Metal Markets 

But Soaring Profits Tend to Vanish Without a Trace 


' --.To, 


‘ S. 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispmches 

said Monday It would cut about 
one-fifth o£ us work force this year 
to try to reduce its losses. 

A spokesman for the Dutch air- 
craft maker, winch is controlled by 
Daimler-Benz AG, said most of die 
1.900 jobs lost would be in nonman- 
ufacturing areas such as administra- 
tion and m anage m ent. Bm a sub- 
stantial number also will come at an 
assembly plant in Dordrecht, near 
Rotterdam, that is to be dosed. 

A spokesman for the Industry 
Workers -Union, Peter van Bess, ■ 
expressed shock at the number of 
jobs being cut “We are fanuKar 
with Fokker’s problems at the mo- 
ment but we expected a lower 
number of losses." be said. 

The muon said it planned to ne- 
gotiate with the company to cut the 
number of job losses before dead- " 
mg on possible industrial action. 

The cuts, part of a restructuring 
plan announced this month, also 
tar exceeded expectations in finan- 
cial circles. . ... 

The Amsterdam-based compa- 
ny, 51 percent-owned by Daimler’s 
Deutsche Aerospace AG, said it 
would reduce production to around 
. 40 aircraft a year from the current 
i JKO. Chairman Reinder van Dninen . 
said he expected plane production 
to be restored to 50 a year by 1996. 

Fokfcer produces short- and me- 
dium-range jet and propeller air- 
craft for the civilian and military 
uses. It Warned the cutbadcs on the 

recessioa in the aviation industry, 
fierce competition and excess man- 
uwctnring capacity. 

it announced recently Included 

rant, increasing production ftod- 
ouity and trying to reduce prices 
from its suppliers, which include 
Deutsche Aerospace. It aims to 
make a 30.percentjeductioa u op-, 
era ting costs. - 

Fokker said its prospects for a 
recovery were underpinned by the 
fact that airimes wi]] have to replace 
aging planes in the second half of 
tins decade — the basis of its hopes 
for raising production by 1996. 

Fokker said that although its 
sales had fallen in (he last few 
years, .it had managaH to mrre ase 
its market share. It said it expected 
h would be able to hold its share 
despite the. production cut 

But even with lbe deep job cuts, 
Some stock analysts say they do not 
expect Fokker to return to profit- 
ability before 1997. The company 
had a loss of $64.8 million in the 
first half of 1993 on sales of nearly 
$235 biffion. It is estimated to have 
lost about $76 million last year and 
may, have a loss of more than S51 
million in 1994, analysts said. 

Disagreement over the restruo^ 
hiring program was one of the rea- 
sons for the resignation this month 
of Erik-Jan Nederkoom, Fokker’s 
chairman since 1991. (AP, 

\ Bloomberg, Reuters, AFP ) 

By Ann Imse 

. Hot York Tuna Service 
MOSCOW — Russia’s giant 
aluminum factories ought to be 
the darlings of the new market 
economy. Their exports have 
soared sixfold in three years, to 
1.6 million metric tons. 

Yet the factories have brought 
back little to be reinvested. Man- 
agers who run the smelters — 
which are 80 percent in private 
hands, with the government still 
owning 20 percent — claim to be 
on the edge of bankruptcy. 

Turning to an old socialist 
strategy, these new capitalists are 
now begging their cash-strapped 
government for help. 

The factory managers say they 
are caught in a vicious circle. They 
have been hobbled by outdated 
technology and by tie soaring 
costs of efectriaty surd raw materi- 
als. Meanwhile, aluminum prices 
fdl by nearly half from 1990 to 
late list year, to as lew as. $1,040 a 
metric ton, largely because of the 
export flood Russia let loose on 
the world market to raise cash. - 
Bnt some managers and others 
familiar with the business say it is 
the managers themselves, and the 
ng ly brand of Russian ca pitalism 
that they practice, who are even 
more to blame. 

Many managers are investing 
earnings at home or abroad in 
projects that appear to promise 
faster profits than the moderniza- 
tion of their factories, like an 
aborted plan for a 10-year lease 
on 38 hotel rooms in Cyprus, the 
Russians’ favorite beach resort 
and tax haven. 

' Far more damaging, though. 

industry critics said, is a perva- 
sive anti generally accepted sys- 
tem of corny lion. 

Many managers and ihetr trad- 
ing representatives abroad are 
slamming huge stuns from the 
al uminum trade and stashing the 
money in Western bank accounts, 
the critics said 

Thev are not the only ones feed- 
ing at the aluminum trough, the 
critics added. Government bu- 
reaucrats gel big kickbacks in re- 
turn for approving export pennies, 
while Russia's booming organized 
crime network has lately also 
caught the scent and is moving in. 

The problems in the aluminum 
industry arc not unique. The 
opening to the West in the last 
three years has led to increases in 
exports of nickel, zinc, lead, tita- 
nium and other metals, expons so 
vast that they, too, have swamped 
commodity markets. 

Y et somehow they also have not 
provided large returns for rein- 
vestment. Russian customs offi- 
cials estimate that a third of the 
country’s $48 billion in export rev- 
enues last year, about SI 5.5 bti- 
Hon, never came back from the 
West, “The state wants that mon- 
ey’ to work tor our country, not 

■ • 


i( 'V s ' 
r " >’ ’ \ 

-Soaring Russian Exports 

Estimated aluminum exports from the 
Soviet Union and the former Soviet ■ 
■countries; in millions of metric tons. fl 
Experts believe that nearly all of |||&| 
the exports came from Russia. HBfl 
A metric ton equals 
'2J204.62 pounds. 

. ; - ^ vp U 


.< .* • 

• : tod' 

*,:v >. .jl- •# 

Source: NYT 

■*5. V \*8 : , te T30 91 ’SZ -93 

Falling Western Prices 

Cash price of aluminum on the London 
Metal Exchange. Monthly " 
^ prices and Friday's price 

per metric ton. “ 

some other one,” said Andrei Ku- 
lepov of the government's new 
customs agency, the Department 
for Hard Currency Control. 

Until now. Russia has lacked 
any mechanism for tracking mon- 
ey earned abroad. “No one looked 
over their shoulders and noticed if 
a factory sold 51 million worth of 
something and received only half a 
million." Mr. Kutepov said. 

The tenured saga of Russia's 
aluminum industry helps to ex- 
plain why market forces that have 
improved economies all over the 
world are having a hard time tak- 
ing root here. It is also a prime 
example of the risks and frustra- 
tions faced by the West as it tries 
to pour money into reform efforts 
without a dear idea of where 
Russia's own money is going. 

In the case of al umin um, the 
avalanche of Russian exports is 
blamed not only for the precipi- 
tous drop in world prices but also 
for the layoff of 5.000 Americans 
and ihe closing of relatively clean 
Western smelters so that noxious 
Russian ones could remain open. 

Western governments, caught 
between their own industries’ de- 
mands Tot protection and Russia's 
genuine need to create viable ex- 
port industries, responded in re- 
cent weeks by negotiating an inter- 
national agreement to cut 
aluminum production worldwide, 
and prices have begun to rebound 

Aluminum now sells for about 
51.246 a metric torn 

As pan of the deal. Lhe West 
received Russia’s somewhat 
doubtful promise to cut S600 mil- 
lion worth of aluminum produc- 


Stock Index 




1 Frankfurt 



. 2,090.61 









1 393.23 




FinanciaJ Times 30 





■ FT5E 100 • 


. 3,378.90 



General Index 




Milan - 









-1.40 1 






Portugal’s Plan to Conform to EU Criteria Praised by Finance Ministers 

The Associated Press 
BRUSSELS — Portugal’s plan 
to bring its economy into line with 
European Union criteria for creat- 
ing a single currency zone was wel- 
comed Monday by EU finance 

But the ministers cautioned that 
implementing the plan would re- 
quire continued efforts to reduce 
inflation, restrain wage increases, 
curb noninterest government 
spending, broaden the country’s 
tax base and cut down tax evasion. 

The ministers gathered here to 
check the progress of member 
states’ economies in their drive to- 
ward a single currency, for the 12 

The Treaty on European Union, 
signed in Maastricht, the. Nether- 
wads, which took effect Nov. I, set 
lough targets on inflation, interest 
rates, currency stability and public 
finances that EU countries must 
meet before theycan adept a angle 
currency and a central bank. 

The Portuguese plan foresees 

cent ana 4.25 percent by 1997 from 
an estimated 6.7 percent last year. 
It forecasts growth in the country’s 
gross domestic product of 33 per- 
cent by 1997, compared with a 03 
percent contraction in 1993. 

Portugal's economic plan envis- 
ages measures to broaden the coun- 
try’s tax base and reduce tax eva- 
sion in 1994, as well as stabilizing 
the escudo within the European ex- 
change-rate grid. 

The plan also would gradually 

reduce the state's role in Portugal's 
economy as growth outstrips pub- 
lic spending increases and privati- 
zation expands. 

The EU ministers said the plan 
seemed realistic. They also wel- 
comed Lisbon's pledge to take fur- 
ther steps if unforeseen budgetary 
problems hindered their economic 

■ Agreement on Art Tax 

Another single-market puzzle 
piece was put into place by the 

Union finance ministers Monday, 
the Associated Press reported. The 
officials agreed to a common tax 
regime for second-hand goods, art 
and antiques. 

The new plan will protect buyers 
from paying value-added tax twice 
as an object crosses borders, Chris- 
tiane Scrivener, an EU tax commis- 
sioner, said 

The ministers also finalized 
plans for a new VAT on antiques, 
collectibles and art sold in Britain. 

■ Duty-Free Limit Raised 

The EU Finance Ministers also 
agreed Monday to double, and in 
some cases quadruple, duty-free 
travel allowances in Ihe Union, 

After eight years of squabbling, 
the ministers decided to increase 
the allowances for people traveling 
within the Union to 90 European 
currency units (S82) from 45 Ecus. 

The tax-free allowance for trav- 
elers arriving in the EU from out- 
side will leap to 175 Ecus from 45 

Vienna Slock Index 4 9337 495.53 

Zurich SBS . 1,02457 1.033.04 -0.B2 

Sources: Routers. AFP inwrivirinnalHeTiiM Tribune 

Very briefly 

• Elf Aquitaine’s privatization attracted requests from 3.1 million individ- 
ual stockholders for a total of 98 million snares, the Economics Ministry 
said, or more than two and one-half times the 38.6 million shares in the 
French oil company allocated to private investors. 

■ Rhdne-Potdenc SA’s unit Institut Merieux said profit rose 46 percent in 
1993. to 580 million French francs i$97 million) from 369 million francs 
in 1992. as sales rose to 7.4 billion francs from 6.6 billion francs. 

• Spain's unemployment rate rose to 18 percent in January from (7.5 
percent in December, even though the Labor Ministry reported more 
than 400,000 new job placements in the month, a 9 percent rise from 
January 1993. Labor Ministry figures usually differ from the quarterly 
statistics of the National Statistics Office, which put the unemployment 
rate at 2199 percent at the end of the third quarter. 

• American Telephone & Telegraph Co. said it named Pier Carlo Falotti 

president and chief executive officer of its operations in Europe, the 
Middle East and Africa. AFP. AFX. Bloomberg. Reurm. AP 

Turkey Names Bank Head 


ANKARA — Battling an eco- 
nomic crisis. Prime Minister Tansu 
Ciller on Monday appointed Ya- 
man Toniner. the stock exchange 
chief, as the central bank governor. 

Mr. Tornner. 45, replaces Bulent 
Gullekin. He resigned on Jan. 31. a 
few days after devaluing the lira by 
12 percent against the dollar, say- 
ing he could no longer work with 
Mrs. Ciller. 

Mr. Toniner supervised the cen- 
tral bank’s launch of money-mar- 
ket operations in 1987. He has been 
chairman of the Istanbul Stock Ex- 
change since 1990. 

Bankers applauded the appoint- 
ment. which was ratified by Presi- 
dent Suleyman Demirel. 

“We welcome the decision be- 
cause be is a former central banka,' 1 
said Hasip Buldanlioglu, general 
manager of private Marmara Bank 

AXA: Looking to Asia for Deals GATT: Japan Refuses to Make Further Tariff Cuts Under Trade Accord 


Contmned from Page 9 - ■ 

risk," the 58-year-old executive 
said in a recent; interview in refa- 
ble. noting that his staff spent five 
** months examining every asset on 
the UJS. company’s balance sheet 
before signing. ^Before we handed 
over $1 WEan, we knew the com- 

At the time, analysis and the 
financial press characterized the 
move as perilous, particularly gjvea 
the then-depressed .state of the 
market in U.S/ office real estate. 
Some questioned whether perhaps 
Mr. B6b£ar had gone “a bridge too 
far” in his ambitious bid to make 
Axa a global financial powobonse. 

Less than three years later, ob- 
servers have changed their views 

“He’s extremely shrewd," said 
Ian Fumivall, an analyst who fol- 
lows Axa at Hoare Govett in Paris. 
“He knows how to sniff a good 
deal, at the right pricc^at the right 
time. Equitable is probably the 
most successful UJS. acquisition by 
any French company.” 

In this short time, the value of 
Axa’s stake has tripled to $3 bil- 
Bon. Equitable stock, issued at $9 
when the company was trans- 

. taysian conglomerate, atme Darby 
Bad, to tackle the Southeast Asian 

j.-^IirChma we could' oy to-start 
_ s om ething together, while in Mexi- 
co we might acquire, other with 
Equitable or Axa,” he said. “We 
had to determine if it’s better to be 
. seen as a gringo or a European in 

Next month, Mr. B6b6ar is tak- 
ing his top 20 managers to China 
for a wedc of travel and “brain- 
stnnmng.” The idea, he said, is to 
buikf “teanfspirir while involving 
the managers m long-term strategic 
thinking on bow best to develop the 
Chinese insurance market 
In the United States, the Axa 
executive said he wanted to wait a 
year or so until Equitable's life in- 
surance operations are sufficiently 
strong before seeking another so- 

Contimed from Page 9 

lion of international rules” by Ja- 
pan. He also said U.S. retaliation 
would by ’’contrary to the spirit” of 
the Uruguay Round agreement, 
which aims to do away with unilat- 
eral trade sanctions by establishing 
a powerful Worid Trade Organiza- 
tion to regulate disputes. Mr. Mat- 
suura was in Brussels to brief EU 
officials on the talks. 

Those officials said they were 
disappointed at the lack of any 
market-opening action by Japan 
but pleased that Tokyo had resisted 
US. pressure to set numerical tar- 
gets for imports. Europe has long 
feared that US. deals with Japan 
would tend to favor of American 
companies rather than helping 
non-Japanese companies generally. 

The failure to achieve big tariff 
reductions does not damage the 
heart of the Uruguay Round accord, 
whiqh remains the biggest, package 
or tariff cuts ever concluded. David 
Woods, spokesman for the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in 
Geneva, said. Tariffs mil come 
down by an average of about one- 
third globally, by more than 40 per- 
cent m trade between the United 
States and Japan and by as much as 
50 percent m trade between the 
United Stales and the EU. 

But U3. and EU officials still 
expressed disappointment, as the 

additional cuts they had sought 
were in areas where their industries 
are considered competitive but 
where Japanese tariffs pose signifi- 
cant barriers. 

Tokyo's tariff on wood will come 
down from as high as 20 percent to 
around 6 percent, but that is still 
high tor a natural resource where 
trading margins are thin, Mr. 
Schmidt said. Japan's tariff on 
white spirits mil be a little more 
than 15 percent, he added. 

Japan did offer one concession, 
indicating it would about halve its 
tariff on copper, to around 3 per- 
cent. a level that Mr. Schmidt 
called “acceptable." 

Although GATT members can 
still improve on their tariff offers 
until shortly before the scheduled 
April 15 signing of the Uruguay 
Round deal, Monday’s mating ef- 
fectively finalized the offers of the 
quadrilateral group, barring unex- 

pected changes by Japan, officials 

The group hopes to submit tariff 
schedules to GATT by the end erf 
the week, with other countries ex- 
pected to do the same soon after- 
ward. That will be slightly behind 
the target date of Tuesday set by 
GATT’s director-general. Peter 
Sutherland, but should still leave 
enough time to complete the verifi- 
cation and printing of schedules in 
lime for the signing in Marrakesh. 

With the matter of tariffs essen- 
tially settled, GATT diplomats will 
focus on clarifying the agenda for 
environmental trade issues, an area 
that is given high priority in the 
West but is suspected in the Third 
World of being a front for protec- 


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quisition, most likely in the proper- ^ jt • 

ty casualty market Most of Equita- bCrfflfl/l UTUOTl 
ble’s profit improv e m ent has come — _ 

from its financial operations such 1*10118 J\CW StTUiCS 
as the securities firm Donaldson, 

Iiiftrin & Jehrette, Alliance Capital Agemx Fmce-Presw 

Management and Equitable C^pi- BONN — 1G MetaH, Germany’s 
tal Management. largest union, said Monday it would 

Before finding Equitable, Mr. launch a new wave of warning 
B6b6ar suff ered a humiliating de- strikes Wednesday in a festering dis- 
feat in trying to acquire Fanners putc over wages and conditions with 
Insurance Group Inc. of California employers in the metalworking, and 
by joining with Sir Jimmy Gold- electrical industries, 
smith in his ultimately failed 1989 Leaders of the union are due to 
hostile takeover bid for BAT In- meet next Monday to decide 
dustriesFlXX Axa had signed on to whether to organize an all-out 
boy Farmers, which BATowned, if strike movement in this key sector, 
the bid succeeded, bat Mr. Bib&ar which employs 3.6 million workers, 
was thrust to the from lines in gru- After nearly two weeks of short 
H?ng Hearings before stare insur- warning strikes, a meeting Friday 

opened at $2638. . , 

As one might expect, Richard 
Jenrctte, chief executive of Equita- 
ble, is happy with his French white 
kni gh t md. the .two men say they 

l.unn..,, xlnu Flimitl Thev 

Vwere introduced by a mutua 
friend, Michel Franqois-Poncet, 
then head of Paribas. 

“He’s a brilliant strategist, one 
with vision aid guts,” Mr- Jeniette 
said of Mr. Bibfiar. “He’s all busi- 
ness, but he’s also got a jrie de vie, 
a sparkle; a feeling of excitement. 
. Yon can go to the moon.” 

Mr. .Btb£ar said that Axa and 
Eq uitable may join forces to make 
. acquisitions in North America a na 
start new operations in Asia, which 
Mr. Bibter said could grow to ac- 
count for 60 p ercent t» the wom 
fife insurance market within 20 to 
, 30 years. , . 

Already, Axa is devetopmg an 
; operation from scratch in Japan. 

. what Mr. BiWar thinks he can 
capture up to 1 percent of tbe inar- 
1 Jtet over the next J5 “A n 
has formed a venture with the Ma- 

• Claims against 


Vtfr united States 
pace and ROSE 


• (an2V7>8-ZB»3 





B’lhewThaW 40 **' 1 

v 0800 1 7538 

ante vova, — — ; — — j 

Mr. haiawt said Axa was able to os federation faded to produce a 
twnVft the Equitable . investment solution. Employers have sought a 
largely because of that earlier fail- 10 percent cut in wage costs and 
uje, cats in holiday bonuses. 

from its financial operations such 
as the securities firm Donaldson, 
Lufkin £ Jeniette, Affiance Capital 
Management and Equitable Capi- 
tal Management. 

Before finding Equitable, Mr. 
B6b6ar suffered a humiliating de- 
feat in frying to acquire Fanners 
Insurance Group Inc. of California 
by joining with Sir Jimmy Gold- 
smith in his ultimately faded 1989 
hostile takeover bid for BAT^ In- 
dustries FLC. Axa had signed on to 
. boy Farmers, which BAT owned, if 
the bid succeeded, bat Mr. B6b£ar 
was thrust to the front lines in gra- 
ding hearings before stare insur- 

Clxent Institutional Investor Seeks Shares 
In Quality Closed Hedge Funds 

An International Institutional fund seeks to acquire 
exposure in the following closed funds: 

♦ Steinhardt Overseas Fund, Ltd. 

♦ Trout Trading Fund limited. 

♦ GAMut Investments Inc. 

+ Tudor GS Ltd. 

♦ Quantum Fund N.V. 

We are looking to acquire institutional sized parcels and 
will organise all the appropriate transfer documentation. 

Any expressions of Interest should be sent to: 

Mees Pierson (Bahamas) Limited 
PO Box SS 5539. 

Nassau, Bahamas. 

All replies will be treated in the strictest confidence. 




QUKUROVA' ELEKTRIK AQ., (QEA§) Intends to procure below Power Transmission Unas Insulators for the stringjng of its 
Transmission Lines: 

SCHEDULE !: 1 5,000 ea TYPE U 60 BL 

SCHEDULE lh 90,000 ea TYPE UF 80 BL 

This procurement shall be financed by the company resources and the Bidding shall be made according to the company's Bidding 

This Bidding is open to aH adders who comply with betow Prerequisite for Eligibility: 

For all schedules: 

Bidders who have bean regularly engaged for a continuous period of 10 years, prior to the date of Bid Submission, in the design and 
manufacture of above specified type of equipment, out of which 3,000.000 pieces of UF 60 BL and 5,000.000 pieces of U 60 BL have 
been in operation for 3 years. 

A complete set of Bidding Documents may be obtained upon remittance of a non-refundable document fee of 500 USD or equivalent 
convertible currency, to following Bank Accounts and upon a written application to address below with evidence of payment 






Ail Bids must be delivered to the above offices on or before 14:00 hours Local Time on March 22, 1994 and shall be opened at above 
offices cf General Management •. 

it is essential that the Bidders shaD be in conformity with toe Prerequisite for Eligibility and toe Bids shall be submitted in full 
conformity with the Bidding Documents. Otoer Bids shaH be rejected. 

CEAS reserves the right to accept or to reject any Bid and annul the Bidding process and reject all Bids, at any time prior to award of 
Contract without thereby incurring any liability to the affected Bidders on the grounds of CEA?’s action. 


Societe d'lnvestissement h Capital Variable 
Kansallis House 
Place de I'Etoile 
L-102I Luxembourg 


NOTICE is hereby given that the Annual General Meeting of the Shareholders of 
FIDELITY GLOBAL SELECTION FUND, a societo d'investissement a capital variable 
organised under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (the '’Fund"), will be held at 
lhe registered office of the Fund, Kansallis House, Place de I'Etoile, Luxembourg, at 
11:00 a.m. on Thursday, February 24, 1994, specifically, but without limitation, for the 
following purposes: 

1. Presentation of the Report of the Board of Directors. 

2. Presentation of the Report of the Auditor. 

3. Approval of the balance sheet and income statement for the fiscal year ended October 
31. 1993. 

4. Discharge of the Board of Directors and the Auditor. 

5. ElectiorT of six (6) Directors, specifically the re-eleaion of Messrs. Edward C. Johnson 
3d. Barry R. J. Bateman. Charles T. M. Coliis. Sir Charles A. Fraser, Jean Hamilius 
and H. F. van den Hoven, being all of the present Directors. 

6. Election of the Auditor, specifically the electron of Coopers & Lybrand. Luxembourg. 

7. Proposal, recommended by the Board of Directors, to amend Article Fifteen of the 
Fund’s Articles of Incorporation in its entirety, principally in order to delete the 
specific limitations in the nature of investment safeguards and to delete the description 
of certain of the powers of the Board of Director* set forth therein and to substitute 
more general language in order to provide greater discretion to the Board of Directors 
in determining the Fund's investment safeguards and permissible investments, and to 
describe more generally the Board's authority to manage the Fund’s business, subject 
to the requirements of Luxembourg law and regulation. Copies of Article Fifteen as 
proposed to be amended may be obtained from the Fund at its registered office in 
Luxembourg and are being mailed to all registered shareholders with this Notice of 

8. Consideration of such other business as may properly come before the meeting. 

Approval of items 1 through 6 of the agenda will require the affirmative vote of a majority 
of the shares present or represented at the meeting with no minimum number of shares 
present or represented in order for a quorum to be present. 

Approval of item 7 of the agenda will require the affirmative vote of two-thirds (2/3l of 
the shares present or represented at the Meeting at which a majority of the outstanding 
shares must be present or represented; if a quorum is not present, then at an adjourned 
session of the Meeting, approval of item 7 shall require the affirmative vote of two-thirds 
(2/3l of the shares present or represented at the Meeting with no minimum number of 
shares present or represented in order for a quorum to be present 

Subject to the limitations imposed by the Articles of Incorporation of the Fund with 
regard to ownership of shares which constitute in the aggregate more than three percent 
13% ) of the outstanding shares, each share is entitled to one vote. A shareholder may act 
at any meeting by proxy. 

Dated: January 20, 1994 




Page 13 


fp - — 

t ' 

: p HONG KONG — The Hang 
-Soig index led a slide in Asian 
stock markets on Monday, driven 
lower by fears of an imminent in- 

. - crease in interest rates. 

The H ang Seng fell more than 4~ 
percent on Monday, we igh ed down. 

, * by itebeavy exposure to real estate- 
related issues, which are sensitive 
to interest-rate moves. 

' Analysts said a small rate in- 
crease was almost inevitable, fol- 


• wn “tl ^ * W. « U^UIGUIJ 

. Federal Reserve Bond intfie Unit- 
ed Stales, winch .pushed up thefed- 
oral funds oventigbt interbank loan 

Osaka Debut 
Quiet for r 300 9 


TOKYO — Trading in fu- 
tures and options onthe Nik- 
kei i300 stock index goteff to a- 
enriet start Monday on the 
Osaka' Securities Exchange. 

Traders said many dealers 
and investors seemed ill-pre- 
pared for trading in the new 

“Market payers haven’t de- 
veloped a strong sense of the 
Nikkei 300’s movement” Kat- 
sohiko Hiroshige, trader of 
Yamatane Securities, said. 

Japanese authorities de- 
vised the Nikkei 300 index last 
year in responseto criticism 
that the widely quoted Nikkei 
225 had become too volatile. 

rate to 3.25 percent from 3 percent. 
' Because the Hong Kong dollar is the U.S. dollar, at a rate 
of about 7.8 to 1, a move in Ameri- 
' can . interest rates brings pressure 
.for a similar adjustment here. 

Tie Hang Seng fcD 51520 points, 
to 10588-01. Trading was thm, at 
6-29 billion Hong Knng dollars 
($812 mflhoc). It was the madeefs 
first session since Wednesday, tot- 
towing the break for the 
New Year, and many investors re- 
mained cat vacation. 

. Elsewhere, the Nikkei index fell 3 
percent m Tokyo, to 19,45026. It 
was reacting to the rising yen, which 
wffl hurt Japanese exporters, and the 
threat of. u3. trade sanctions. 

Adding to the pressure on the 
Hoag Kong market was the frail 
appearance of Deng Xiaoping, Chi- 
na's senior leader on television. 

Among the nugor real estate-re- 
lated issues, Henderson Land fell 6 
percent, to 49.75 dollars; Hutdti- 
son Whampoa was down 6 percent, 
to 3625 dollars, and its affiliate 
Cheung Kong lost 5 percent, to 45. 
-Some investors are locking in 
profits they made on the Hong 

funds to other maritets, said°NIid 
Gooding, Barclays de Zoete Wedd 
Securities Asa’s assistant director. 

"They think there are smarter 
games to play than Hong Kon&” he 
said. “We are looking for amuwit 
corporate earnings growth in the 
United States to be 19 parent, Ja- 
pan 19percent,UK. 17 peroentaod 
Hang Kong 17 percent, bit hoe 
there is a 10 percent inflation rate." 

( Bloomberg, Reuters ) 

Bumps Ahead for Fujitsu 

Superhighway Has Rough Access Road 

By Andrew Pollack 

Sew York Tunes Service 

TOKYO — The information superhighway 
might be paved with gold for Fujitsu Lid, Japan's 
largest computer company. But investors who are 
bidding up die stock may be overlooking the pot- 
holes the company will hit along the way. 

Fujitsu Shares have gained about 20 percent this 
year, dosing Monday at 1,000 yen ($934). off 50 
from Thursday, the Tokyo market's previous trad- 
ing day. The stock has outperformed the overall 
Japanese market, as measured by the broad Topix 
index, by 11 percent in the past month. whOe 
shares of rivals Hitachi Ltd., Toshiba Coup, and 
Mitsubishi Electric Carp, have underperformed. 

Japanese brokerage companies, particularly No- 

Much of the company’s 
business is in the troubled 
mainframe sector. 

mum Securities Co, have been pushing Fujitsu’s 
stock for two basic reasons. 

One is information. The government and Nip- 
pon Telegraph ft Telephone Co., Japan's mam 
phone company, have disclosed plans for fiber- 
optic networks and services to cany video and data 
to businesses and consumers. This could mean new 
business for Fujitsu, a leading supplier of the high- 
speed switching systems employed in such multi- 
media networks. 

The second theme is that Fujitsu is ra m ming to 
profitability after a pretax loss of 8.7 billion yen 
the year ended in March 1993. 

In die year ending next month, the parent com- 
pany is expecting pretax prefit of 25 billion yen, 
despite a 10 percent drop in revenue, and the 
company is hoping to double that profit in the year 
ending in March 1995. 

The Tokyo-based company has been cutting 
costs, in part by slicing research and development 
expenses. In addition, the semiconductor division 
is even working through holidays to keep up with 
strong demand for memory chips from American 
personal-computer companies. 

But some analysis say the bullish outlook ig- 
nores some fundamentals. One is that semiconduc- 
tors and telecommunications together account for 
only about 30 percent of Fujitsu’s sales. The other 
70 percent comes From computers, and a large pan 
of that from mainframes. 

As the travails of International Business Ma- 
chines Corp. have made dear, sales of such large 
central computers are dropping as customers shut 
to smaller, Jess expensive machines. Fujitsu, which 
spent years chasing IBM in good times, could now 
face years of the same kind of retrenchment the 
American company has been going through. 

“Downsizing has just begun in Japan,” Steven 
Myers, an electronics analyst at Jardine Fleming 
Securities in Tokyo, said. “It hasn't ended." 

Indeed, IBM, winch has drastically cut its work 
force in recent years, now leads Fujitsu in revenue 
per employee, according to Annex Research in 
Phoenix, Arizona. This suggests Fujitsu will need 
more cosi-cutting if it is 10 remain competitive. 

Although the parent is expected to show a profit 
on a consolidated basis, which indudes its numer- 
ous subsidiaries, Fujitsu is expe c ted to have a loss 
this fiscal year, Quick Goto, an analyst with S.G. 
Warburg Securities in Tokyo, said. 

Perhaps among the biggest problems is Amdahl 
Carp., an American maker of mainframe comput- 
ers about 45 percent-owned by Fujitsu. Amdahl 
has been severely hit by the move away from 
mainframes, posting a loss of about S600 million 
last year, including charges for restructuring. In 
the fourth quarter, the company’s revenue fell an 
astounding 41 percent from a year earlier. 

Some of Amdahl’s losses end up on Fujitsu’s 
consofi dated- income statement. In addition, the 
Japanese company is being saddled with die re- 
sponsibility of caring for its ailing stepchild. 

Fujitsu recently said it would lend Amdahl 5100 
m illio n . It is also expected to eventually take over 
the manufacture of Amdahl's computers. 

In the last several years, IBM, and some buyers 
of IBM stock, occasionally thought the worst was 
over, only to be disappointed. Some analysts say 
hopes for Fujitsu also are premature. 

"There’s going to be a return to reality," Mr. 
Myers of Jardine Fl eming said, “and it’s going to 

Step Up 
Debt Sales 


LONDON — Japanese banks 
weighed down by distressed Euro- 
pean corporate debt have been un- 
loading that paper in recent months 
and are expected to speed up the 
process tins year, sources said. 

Gary Klesch, a specialist on the 
secondary debt market, said Japa- 
nese han ks had been busy selling 
distressed European loans — which 
are loans to financially troubled 
companies — in the last several 
months and were likely to do more 
of h before March 31, the end of 
the Japanese fiscal year. 

He and banking sources said re- 
cently the trend marked a change at 
Japanese banks, which used to keep 
troubled loans on their books but 
have been forced by financial diffi- 
culties to take a more pragmatic, 
short-term approach. 

it was “never in their culture” to 
sefl distressed debt,” Mr. Klesch 
said. "They just held on to it and 
hoped things would get better. 

Now they're realizing the 
tude of the problem and that 
have to do something.” 

By the late 1980s, Japanese banks 
held an estimated 30 percent to 40 
percent of syndicated loans to Euro- 
pean companies, bank sources said. 

Mr. Klesch, whose Klesch ft Co. 
specializes in distressed debt, said 
Japanese hank had beat diyoring 
of loans made to such troubled con- 
cerns as GPA Group, the Irish ah- 
craft-leasing company, PoDy Peck 
International and companies con- 
trolled by the late Robert Maxwell. 

The Japanese selling could give a 
boost to Europe’s secondary-debt 
marker which has only become ac- 
tive m nrcent years and has attracted 
US vulture funds, which invest in 
instruments of troubled companies. 

China’s Central Bank Remodels 9 Perhaps Along Fed Lines 

1 ’ Tr* 


By Steven Muf son 

Washington Past Service 
Imagine that the Federal R& 
serve Bank had more than two 
thousand branches and you could 
walk into one the way you would 
your friendly local bank. 

. Imagine that it also owned a 
piece of Merrill Lynch ft Co. while 
acting as the top regulator of the 
securities business, and tbat-an die , 
side this strange conglomera te also 
can the federal mint, dabbled in tax 
policy, and invested Jn a bunch of 
drug stores, restaurants, commer- 

cial office buddings at| d gold-min- 

That would be a pretty good pic- 
ture of the People’s Bank of Oma. 

Now, however, the Chinese gov- 
ernment says it wants to transform 
the People’s Bank into a truly inde- 
pendent central bank, perhaps 
modeled loosely cm the Federal Re- 
serve System. It is a plan that is 
bound to become part of a major 
power struggle, pitting provinces 
against the central government, in- 
efficient stale companies and their 
employees against new industries. 

and Communist Party officials 
against an emerging class of eco- 

Much is at stake. Without an 
effective central bank and a more 
modem banking system, foreign fi- 
nancial specialists say China can- 
not continue toward an advanced 
economy. At the moment, much of 
China's economy is essentially cash 
and cany, few Chinese use credit 
cards or checks and there is no 
interbank settlement system. 

Since 1978, the Communist gov- 
ernment has been easing its omni- 

present controls cm the economy. 
Now the government is launching 
an era of reform to build the institu- 
tions that a market economy needs 
to function and fTiina jacks a 
banking system as well as an effec- 
tive tax system, bankruptcy laws, a 
commercial code, private-property 
rights, and rules about the hiring, 
firing and movement of labor. 

A blueprint for change was 
drawn up at the Chinese Commu- 
nist Party’s plenum in November. 

But following through on the 
plan will surety be difficult, be- 

cause a new order means a new set 
of rules — and restrictions — for 
the Chinese economy. 

These are not only questions of 
management, but questions 0 / 
power. A strong central bank 
would take power away from local 
and provincial authorities. 

And if the U.S Congress finds 
the Fed’s independence nettle- 
some, many of China’s senior rul- 
ers might find an independent Peo- 
ple’s Bank downright subversive. 

As deputy prime minister, eco- 
nomic czar and head of the Peo- 

ple's Bank, Zhu Rongji is at the 
center of the fray. His political fate 
rests on the success of banking re- 

Last year, Mr. Zhu vowed to 
“chop off the beads” of officials 
who defied his commands to stop 
the flow of easy credit. Although he 
later apologized for his choice of 
words, be is still taking aim at the 
economic power of provincial offi- 
cials and the cozy credit deals en- 
joyed by unprofitable state enter- 



Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosi ng on Wall Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


Htofi Law Sock Oty YU PE TOOt Htfi LowLdptcype 



.JffijS&tocfc p» yap El* 

I-OS *3 

■iff J = 

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*« ’S E. 

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200 1» - 


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.148 11 1 


12 Mann 9s 

Heft Low Stoat Dhr YM PE 10CH mh UwUSniOfw 

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£ 8 2 

Toud»fl fl »ln5 w f ti srit n id 
just coll, toti fr»e, 

. 155 5757 

Registered Office: Luxembourg - 2, Boulevard Royal 
R.C. Luxembourg B-6734 

The Shareholders are invited to attend on Wednesday. March 2, 
1994, at 11:00 a.m. at 69, route d’Esch in Luxembourg the 

Extraordinary General Meeting of Shareholders 

with following agenda item: 

Change of the Company’s name from ’IFl International' , 
abbreviated 'IFINT*. to 'Exor Group.' Corresponding amendment 
of Article 1 of the Company's Articles of Incorporation. 

In order to be able to attend the extraordinary general meeting, 
holders of bearer shares will have to deposit their bearer shares 
five clear days before the date of the meeting, at the Registered 
Office of the company or with one of the following banks: 

- in Luxembourg: Banque Internationale & Luxembourg: 

- in Italy: all leading banks; 

- in Switzerland: Credit Suisse, Banca Commercials Kali ana; 

- in France: Lazard Fr&res & Cie.; 

- in the Federal Republic of Germany: Commerzbank: 

- In Great Britain: S.G. Warburg & Co., Lazard Brothers Co.; 

- in the Netherlands: Amsterdam -Rotterdam Bank: 

- (n Belgium: Banque Bruxelies-Lambert. 

Holders of registered shames will have to inform the Company 
within the same time lapse of their intention to attend the 

The shareholders are requested to comply with Article 20 of the 
Articles of Incorporation. 

For this meeting, their Is to be a quorum of at least 50% of the 
ordinary shares of the Company in issue and outstanding. The 
resolution will require the concurrence of two thirds of the total 
number of ordinary shares represented at the meeting. The 
holders of the preferred shares are entitled to attend the 
extraordinary meeting, but they have no right to vote thereat. 



Wt. 41 M 1 WV.U 1 to.WlH 

Now Primed in 
For Same day 
Delivery in Key Cities 


1 - 800-882 2884 

(IN NEW YORK, CALL 212-752-3890} 

Investor’s Asia 





Straffs Times 

Nikkei 225. 

■ tT-d Vjv : ’ ta ®’rs3r 

•1994 = : ..IMS 

Exchange .. 

* : . *: t V A 


Hang Seng 

Close ' 


VWT 83 ft v 


Ctosa Change 

Singapore ?. 

SbeftsTlmea . 

2,319.30 ' . 2.341-60 '' .. •0-95 v 

Sydney ^.. 

ASOnkoaries . , 

2j238JW . 2,241 '40 . 


ASA 5 & 2 S Tg.99a.7Q -&B6 

[ KuateLumpur Composite 

• 1*93.30 .,1,108.72 ■ -1.38 ‘ 

Bangkok •. 

; s^r.. v;.\ •• 

.■1,422^ .-:1;4t 6.34; 

•si ouffv'-jr 

CiSYiposife Stock 

• SOUS 917.15 


6,01 &26 8^84.13 -4;43 ,; 

. Composite J • 

3.008.74 ..3.O40B0 


Stock Index, 

586.75 . SQOJBS 


NZSe-40 • 

2^19170 ,-2,94050 V -1.27. 

National Index - 

.1.8SA9S 1,03236 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

International Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

m TwBft wiD allow only power and other infrastructure companies to raise 
capital with overseas issues of stock and convertible bonds, finan ce 
ministry officials said. They said the government was concerned about 
rapid growth of demand for Indian equities. 

• Japan said that its defense budget will grow by 0.9 percent in the year 
beginning on April 1, the smallest increase in 34 years, while the foreign 
aid program will grow fay 4.8 percent, the smallest rise on record. 

• Foster’s Brewing Group LtiL, the Australian brewer, said that profit rose 
21 percent, to 210.6 million Australian dollars (SI50.8 million), in the 
second half of 1993 as a result of higher domestic sales. But the company 
doubted that the pace would be maintained in the first half of 1994. 

• CMS Energy, a US. company, said it planned to set up three electicity 
plants in India at a cost of about 5900 million. 

• PTT Telecom BV of the Netherlands has acquired a 30 percent stake in 
PT Bakrie Electronic Go. of Indonesia in a deal valued at S90 million. 

• Oknma Corp. of Japan, a tool maker, said that 544 of its 2.100 workers 
would resign m a restructuring forced by the country’s weak economy. 

• Northwest Airlines Corp. said it was seeking permission from the U.S. 

government to operate flights to Ho Chi Minn City, following the lifting 
Of the U.S. embargo on Vietnam. Reuters, AFP. Bloomberg 

Chinese Output Soars 33% 

Agatcr Fnwve-Presse 
BEIJING — Industrial produc- 
tion in China soared 33 percent in 
January from a year earlier, accord- 
ing to government data cited Mon- 
day by the C hina News Service. 

The jump came despite the gov- 
ernment’s recent announcement 
that it would try to limit economic 
growth to 10 percent in 1994, com- 
pared with 13 percent last year, to 
fight overheating of the economy. 

A growth rate of 23 percent for 
industrial production in the first 

half has been set Chinese industry 
grew at a 25 percent annual rale 
over the fust six months of 1993. 

The data also showed that the 
economic gap between China's 
booming coastal provinces and its 
inland areas widened last month. 

Seven areas, notably the rich 
coastal provinces of Guangdong. 
Fujian and Jiangsu, saw industrial 
production rise more than 30 per- 
cent, while the growth rate in poor- 
er provinces such as Shanxi, Gansu 
and Qinghai was below 20 percent 





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Monday’s Prlcss 

NASDAQ price® flam 4 pun. New York wne. 
This Its compiled by the AP. consists of the 1,000 
most traded securities hi terms of dollar value. It is 
updated twice e year. 

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Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
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Page 15 

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ifl ABC Futures fund lm _ t mjc 



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lAlahc GW Pro Trod J 

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1 Alpha Hedge FdU<ni3l|_j 471 . 3 s 

1 Alpha Japan Spec IJan 311 J 293*8 

lAlpha Latin Araer (Dec 31) A Z75J* 

j Atoha Pacific Fd (Jan Jl)_s 43SA8 

1 Alpha SAM. .... ■ s 13121 

1 Atoha Short Fd IJan 31 )— js aam 

t Atoha 5«-T Fbc lac (Jan 31 IS 109.43 

fiAtohoTtlktaleFd (Jai31) J UB21 

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n NkhAuDl Aurofla IJan 31) _S 187J7 

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tf BBL Invest UK C 2453* 

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d Patrimonial I — LF 2)986*0 

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d Rente Cash BMedkitn DEMDM 3045*3 
d Ratio Cash S-Msdium USO s 520806 

d BBL (L) Inv Goldmine LF M0J5 

d BBL (LI Invest Europe LF 15425*0 

a BBL [L] lav Euro-lnuna LF 1IMU0 

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0 Cl Emere Martels Fd—XS IMS 


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wCBBHmiMtaSA \ 4U9 


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wGFl Lena Tenue FF 15173840 


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0 dttporl NJL Equity S 

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wCHtkeid S . 13684439 

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0 Indexh France/CAC 40 FF 14M8 

0 indexteCT FF 11430 


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0 Court Terme DEM— -.. D M 

0 Court TenneJPY. Y BOM 

0 Court Terme GBP t ,02 

0 Court Terme FRF -Ff _MS72 

d Court Terme ESP Pta 2K*34 

0 Court Terme ECU Few UK 

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0 Actions Fr nnmhw ~ ■ F F 15U9 

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m Lynx 5eL Holdings— —SF 
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m Panpipes Offshore (Jen 30)5 

m Paragon Fund Limited S 

m Parallax Fund Ltd 5 

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m Prime Mu ffl- Invest J 

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d RAD int-lrrv. Fd— J 

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m Spirit Hedge HW_ * 

m Spirit Neutral Hid — * 
w 5rantev Rom Futura FixJdJF 
wStefnhardtOtan Fd Ltd — S 
wStetnherdl Really Trust — S 

m Stridor Fund— J 

m Strom* Otfrtwre Ltd * 

tf Sunset Gtobai ill Ltd S 

0 Sunset Gtobai One 1 

m Sussex McGarr J 

m Tos Currency—. * 

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w Techno Growth Fund 5F 

0 Temoleton Gtobai Inc * 

m nw Bridge Fun dN.v S 

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w The Jowar Fund N.V. S 

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b TIIC (DTCI Jan. Fd Skav-s 
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w Trans Global InvtLtd S 

0 Transpacif ic Fund—— Y 

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m Triumph I J 

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m Triumph iv * 

0 Turquoise Firnd, — * 

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0 LfljcFutixes — ' — f h 

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tf Umbrella Debt Fund Ltd— S 

tf Umbrella Fund LM S 

w Uni Band Fund |cu 

w Uni Ornttai Allemoone DM 

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w Uni-Global Slcav DEM DM 

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tf untca Equity FlSl tl .. . . 
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m Unltrades CHF_ SF 

mUnitradesCHF Reg |F 

m unltrades FRF — FF 

m Unltrades USD. » 

w Ursus Infl LM ■* 

m Victor Fufuroe Fund — j 

ft Vovaper Investments Pic— s 

ir vulture Ltd — — * 

mWettes WBder Uffl Fd S 

w Wilier Japan — — — J 

w Wilier South East Arta S 

w wiltowbridae infl CFM » 

tf wm Gtobai Pd Bd. Ptfl Eai 

0 win GwjoI Fd Ea. Ptfl Ecu 

0 win Global Ftf Res PHI — SF 

tf world Batonrod Fund SA-S 

mWftridwMe Limited — - — -f 
w WPG Fartsw Ota« Port _S 
mWW CtxUtal Grth Fd Ltd- — S 

mYauna — — — J*" 

<n Zesfivr Hydge Fund s 

mZwrta infl LW — 1 

farinvBtimerti i <BmigSon 

every Saturday in flra HT 

For information on 

how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 33. 

the conference will be 
divided into the 


Derivative and alternative 
investing approaches, 
Bond and currency. Equity, 
Emerging market 


WhichWay are thp 


HTi n 



HOTEL * ZURICH * MARCH 2S&24 • 1994 



Brenda Hagerty, 
International Herald Tribune 
63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH 

Teh (44 71) 836 4802 
Fax: (44 71) 836 0717 


Page 16 



‘ 111 ' • 

Coaches 9 Trash Talk 
Upstages a Rash of 
Upsets on the Court 

Pippen and Old Stars Still Shine as 

The Auactated Press 

Another day of upsets — Duke, 
Temple, Sl Louis and Marquette all 
lost — was highlighted by some ugly 
battles between coaches as the trash- 
talking that typically takes place on 
the courts spilled over to die side- 
lines and a postgame press room. 

California’s coach. Todd Boze- 
man. lost his cool before his 18th- 


ranked Golden Bears lost at home 
to No. 16 Arizona on Sunday, but 
his exchange with the Wildcat 
coach. Lute Olson, seemed cairn 
compared to the confrontation be- 
tween Temple's John Chaney and 
Massachusetts's John Cali pan. 

Minutes after Mike Williams's 
driving jumper with three seconds 
left had lined the 13th-ranked 
UMass to a 56-55 upset of the 
No. 8 Owls, Caiipari was seen com- 
plaining to referees. He continued 
to complain about the officiating 
while be wailed to speak at the 
postgame news conference. 

Once Caiipari got his tuna at the 
microphone, Chaney stormed into 
the room shouting at Caiipari, say- 
ing the officials had called a fair 
game and Calapari was out of line 
for criticizing them. When Caiipari 
tried to respond, Chaney told him 
to shut up and then went after him 
at the pcdium. 

Chaney was restrained, but con- 
tinued to scream at him. 

“I'll kill you,'’ he said. "You re- 
member that." 

He also added that he would 
have bis players confront Cahpari's 
players when the Minulemen ( 18-4, 
10-0 Atlantic 10) and the (17-4, 10- 
3) meet in Philadelphia on Feb. 24. 

The Gghi upstaged a war of 
words earlier in the day between 
Bozeman and Olson during a bitter 
game at California that featured a 
lot of trash-talking and ended with 
Arizona winning, 96-77. 

Arizona ( 19-4. 8-3 Pac- 10) ended 
Cal’s six-game winning streak by 
running off a 22-0 spree after the 
Bears (16-5. 8-3) bad rallied from a 
14-point deficit. 

Wake Forest 78, No. 2 Duke 6* 
Randolph Childress scored 22 sec- 
ond-half points and Wake Forest 
(16-7. 6-4 Atlantic Coast Confer- 
ence) spoiled Duke’s shot at the 
No. 1 ranking with an upset of the 
Blue Devils (17-3, 8-3). 

Childress, who finished with 28 
points, helped host Wake Forest 
take its first season-series sweep of 
Duke since 1983. 

No. II Michigan 72, Ohio SL 70: 
Jalen Rose scored 18 points and 
llth-ranked Michigan {17-4, 9-2 
Big Ten), almost fumbled away a 
seven-point lead in the last 90 sec- 
onds before bolding ofT host Ohio 
State (10-12, 3-8). 

The Wolverines, who won their 
sixth straight game, missed four 
straight free throws in the last 37 
seconds to give the Buckeyes two 
shots at tying or winning the game 
down the streidL 

Dayton 82, No. 17 Saint Lous 
77: Alex Robertson scored six 
points in OT and Shawn Haughn 
tied the NCAA record for 3-pcant 
accuracy as Dayton (5-14, 1-6) up- 
set St Louis (19-2. 5-2). snapping 
an 1 1-game losing streak at home 

Haughn finished with 30 points 
and was 8- for- 8 from 3-point range 
to match the mark set by San Fran- 
cisco's Tomas Thompson in 1992. 

Qnriimati 89, No. 22 Marquette 
82: Donionio Wingfield scored 29 
points and Damon Flint added 20. 
and both fres hman hit key baskets 
in double OT for Cincinnati ( 16-7. 
4-4 Great Midwest Conference). 

The Bearcats trailed visiting Mar- 
quette (16-6. 7-2) by as many as 15 
paints in the second half and were 
down by a dozen with 4:47 left 
coach Bob Huggins called timeout 
to switch defensive matchups. 




f*Z4 fci-jj 

m mm 

icfl Ckrtmaov Realm 

The Wesfs Karl Malone, left, failed to stop Scottie Pippen, MVP of die NBA All-Star game. 


SVashinpan Pest Service 

MINNEAPOLIS — Afl' week- 
end at the National Basketball As- 
sociation's All-Star festivities, the 
talk had been about transition, the 
aging stars of the 1980s giving way 
to the new blood of the ’90s. 

But the establishment was not 
ready to hand over the keys to the 
kingdom. Sunday night, as the East 
defeated the West, 127-118, before 
a sellout crowd of 17,096 at Target 
Center and a worldwide television 
audience, the message soil by the 
veterans was that they sriD had the 
hand that rocks the cradle. 

' “It’s not their timeyeC* crowed 
Atlanta’s Dommigue Wilkins. “We 
still have a crew that can do iL" 

Even more interesting was who 
dominated the contest- The Chica- 
go Bulls' forward Scottie Pmpen is 
□either the Old Guard nor the New 
Breed. He’s a betweener, as well as 
the most important part of the 
three- rime champion, post-Michael 
Jordan Bulls. ftut Pippen’s star 
shone the brightest — 29 points (9- 
of-15 shooting including S-of-9 
from three-point range) and II re- 
bounds to collect the game's most 
valuable player award. 

“I joist wanted to assert myself 
and have a better aQ-smr game than 
rd been having,* Pippen said. 

Others were not as modest in 

“Scottie was just terrific to- 
night," said the East coach, Lamy 
Wakens. “He made state, got re- 
bounds, had steals, was hut fabu- 
lous. I thought be, Mark Price and 
Patrick Ewing were so steady down 
the stretch.'’ 

Other veterans also had excellent 
performances. The Houston center 
Hakeem O&guwon poured in 19 
pants for the West and the Utah 
guard John Stockton had 13 pants 
and 10 assists. Ewing and Price 
each scored 20 for the EasL 

From the outset, the contrasts in 
styles were evident The West 
wanted to run at every opportuni- 
ty; the East looked to wenx the ball 
ind<tr Qf shoot three-pomiers. But 
the West al$n termed de termine d 
to keep the rookie ShaquiDe O’Neal 
wr ap ped up. O’Neal was triple- 

asd quadruple-teamed evoy time 
he touched the ball and was re- 
stricted to a pair, of free throws 
before being replaced try Ewing. 

O’Neal scored just fight points, 
although be brought the sedate 
crowd to a rare moment of life with 
& thunderous left-handed dunk m 
the game’s waning moments. 1 

“Thee was no formal plan or 
anything like that," said San Anto- 
nio’s ceriter.'David Robinson, who 
hadl9pointe- “Maybebcjust took 
too tong to shoot. Baton was 
playin g great defense; be had no- 
where togo” 

“When you talk your game you d 
better expect more intcaricy,” be 
aiMwri “Guys have some pride out 
there. Night in, night out you better 

be able to bade up what you say" 

More than three minutes into the 
second period, the East had seized 
oontroL 46-36, because it was mak- 
ing its shots and the West had got- 
ten a bit out of control But the 
West also had gotten the tempo 
raised to its level; the East was 
r unning even after fairing the baD 
oat af hounds like its counterparts. 
It raised the specter of whether the 
West could tire the East in the 
second half — jf it didn't get too far 
behind to make any difference. 

Tto ddfiat stayed at eight at the 
half, 72-64. Despite his 16 points, 
Otejuwon was unable to awaken 
his teammaies (expect for Shawn 
Kemp, who was doing sane high- 

gamehigh 12 rebounds), and the 
East continued to apply the pres- 
sure withoffamve rebounding and 
a steady flow of 17-footers. The 
East made 42 percent of its shots, 
with the baskets all seeming to 
come at key moments — especially 
from Pippen, who had 16 pants. 

^Gne reason Scottie was doing 
so welt is the West didn’t have a 
true smaH forward,” Wilkins said. 

Olfguwon made his first basket 
of the third quarter but then con- 
centrated an rebounding as the 
West cut the deficit to 75-70. But 
Pippen netted fire straight points 
to nmrc the visitois bade op by ML 
Even though they once agam got it 
down to five, the West was in need 
of a spark. It took- another hit, 

All-Star Stats 










Wt Brins 














BAST on 

Mi" • «*- FT (FT APFPtl 
31 9-i5 6-W O-ll 2 3 39 

IB 14 M W 1 3*2 

U 9-12 4-11 » .2 '•> 

16 9-M W W 3. .2-. * 

33 54 M M 4 1 ’I 

27 4+ ** M 3 1 ’ 

22 M0 W M S' ■ 1 20. 

24 MS 6-7 ■ ** T • 1 2D 

U 14 M H 3. 3 *2 

17 +9 W 3-2 4.1 11 

16 2-5 fl-0 0-1 2 3 3 

17 M 'M M 2 • « 

KMtm 21-3* 31-46 30 21 nr 










■ w 


2 2 ' 6 






A 4 . *6 




2 4; 19 





3 0 10 

‘ 15 




1 .1 6 





10 2 W 





• 2 19 





r i •< 





S 8- 10 





2 4.8 





? 2 fA 





1 19 

24C52-1 M 12-24 SMS 

41 29238 




31 — -127 




2i —in 

2 J. b toy lode 1-2, Af imlr ono w. stortoT-l 
Amtonon 8-1. Coleman 02, Wilkins 0-2). Hffpt 
1-6 (Stockton 1-1, t .RoOtoon 0-1, Dmxterttfl, 
SprMdi IIIU. tlllmilisli rml 72 (Ptooon 
11). west 79 l TO. Asstats-CasTSO 
(Price 37, IMO 41 (Staehtan HU. 

however, when Derrick Coleman 
blocked an apparent Karl Malone 
breakaway, and Pippen pul in an- 
other three-pointer. 

The East took , a 101-90 spread 
into the final 12 zrmmtct, arid Wn- , 
kens tried to gjve Pippen a resL But 
the West made a 17-7 charge, dic- 
ing wi thin 108-107 with under eight 
minutes to play. At 7:17, Pippen 
returned to the game. 

The East was revitalized. John 
Stark’s threopdnter put the E&t 
back up, 117410; vath-4i23 k#, 
and the West had to start wonder- 
ing if it had any Comebacks left. 

The answer was yes. Five 
straight points put the nome 'team 
bade within two. Who came to the 
rescue? Pippen. First riicre . was , a 
steal that he ultimately converted 
from 12 feet Price them spun off, a 
screen to nail a 17-footer, and the 
East was back in command, on its 
way to ending the West’s two-game 
winning streak. 

c-- -*■ ~ 
■:/■ **>• - 


2 d Driver Dies in a Daytona Crash 

DAYTONA BEACa Florida (AP) — The U.S. race car driver 
Rodney Orr was killed Monday in a crash at Daytona International 
Speedway, the second driver to die in a crash on the 23-mile (4-kilometer) 
oval in four days. The veteran racer Neil Bonnett was killed in a one-car 
crash at the track on Friday. 

Orr was trying to make die field for his fust Daytona 500. The crash 
came during practice fa Sunday’s race. 

In Review, Jackson Loses Record 

BIRMINGHAM, England (AF) — Colin Jackson equaled, but did not 
break, the world indoor 60-meter hurdles record over the weekend, 
British track officials said Monday. 

A review of the photo-finish prim revealed that Jackson’s run was 
fractionally slower than the time originally judged, enough to round the 
time up to 736, instead of 735, to tie the Amen can Greg Foster’s mark. 

“I’m not upset,” said Jackson, who broke the world outdoor 1 10-meter 
hurdles record at the Wald Championships last year. “But I don’t think 
the record will be 7.36 seconds come the end of the season.” 

For the Record 

Corey Parin shot a final-round 3-under-par 68 fa a 271 total top win 
the Los Angeles Open on Sunday. (AP) 

Monica Sdes, who ruled women's temtis fa 21 successive months 
before being forced from the circuit by a crazed, fan in April, was dropped 
Monday from the world rankings. (Rearers) 

Amo! Muzumdar, 19, broke a 74-year-old world record Monday in 
Bombay, scoring 260 runs in his first-class cricket debut to break the 
record of 240 set by Transvaal’s W. F. E Marx in 1920. (AFP) 


f ; -» v. »- TCT r r-. iv 

Major College Scores 


BllCkfWlI 98. Army 72 
Delaware *7. Vermont 43 
Drawl 81, Hanford 42 
Harvard 76. Columbia 75 
Manhattan 95. Loyola Md. 80 
Massachusetts 56. Temple SS 
Princeton 68. Vale S7 
Rhode Island 71 si. Joseph's 44 

Coastal Carolina 105. Towsen St. 89 
Wake Forest 71 Duke 69 
Ball St. 71. E. Michigan 61 
Cincinnati 89. Marauetfe SL 2CJT 
Dovtan 82. St. Louis 77. OT 
Mich toon 72. Ohio St. 70 

Rice 6& Southern Math. 63 

Arizona 96. California 77 

The AP Top 25 

The tap 25 teams io the codne basketball 
poO. with nryf*loce votes In puiaithesex re- 
co-di through Feb. IS, total potals hosed on 23 
points tar a flrsurtoce vote through ono Mat 
far a asm-otoce vote, and prerloe* ranking: 

9. Purdue 





VoKMVtr 0 8 1—1 

10. Massachusetts 




Central Division 

Florida I t 1—3 

IT. Kentudcv 






T Pts OF OA 

First Parted: F-Benrtng 6 (Lomakin); 

12. Missouri 








69 245 192 

dm). Third Ported: F-Kudebfd 33 t Banning, 

11 Temnie 








69 210 187 

Mowgood); bm).V-Murxyn3 (Bure, Craven). 

14. Syracuse 








69 190 159 

Shots an goat: V ten Fitzpatrick) 10-12-TS— *4. 

IS. Arizona 




SL Louis 




64 185 190 

F (an McLean) 6-4-5—15. 

16. Iry&ona 








56 164 160 

Ptnsborah 8 13—3 

17. Florida 








41 169 233 

PtinodeMla » 9 *-• 

IX Saint Louts 




Pacific Dhrbrfaa 

Second Parted: P-Stavens 31. Third Period: 

19. CalHomki 








69 216 177 

P-Ltenle«x 3 (Francis); (pp). P-Lnmleux 4 

70. Minnesota 








SB 192 189 

(Stevens). Shots an goal: p (an Baramo)4-8- 

21. Ala.-Bfrmlnahom 




San Jose 




53 157 175 

8 — 30- P (an Roussel. Soderitrum) 69-8—22. . 

22. Mar auette 








48 163 180 

New Jersey 1 1 T 9-1 

23. CIncinnotl 




Las Anoeies 




48 20S 2W 

Tempo Bar 1 l i 9-3 

24. Wisconsin 








38- 179 219 

First Period: N_UMDCLaana6(Mitaa Rich- 

25. Geerata Tech 





or) : T-OBmbera7 (Sovord); (peL Second Po- 
rted: T-Chombert 8 (Bradley, Homrilk); 4, 

NHL Standings 

Atlantic Division 

W L T PtS I 

NY Rangers 35 15 4 74 

New Jersey 38 18 7 67 ' 

Florida 25 20 10 40 

Washington 27 25 4 58 

Philadelphia 25 28 4 54 

Tempo Boy 21 29 7 8 

NY islanders 21 27 6 48 ' 

BaHalO 0 1 2-3 

First Period: O-DaMen 17 (Modnna,Covai- 
finll; (pa ). Second Period: B-Audette 17 (Mo- 
91 tav. Hawerehukl; (pel. PModono 34 (Datv 
lea Cndsi; (op). T hird Period: frAtooflny 34 
1 Plante. Khmylev); (pp). D-Modteio 35 iDah- 
tonl; D-Casner 19 (Courtntdl, Hotcberl; 
(enlB-5utton2 I Wood. S weeney); D-Courtnoa 
16 1 Cllrtrlst Hatdwr J ,- (en). Shots ao goal: D 
(on Hawk) 15-44-35. B Ian MOOS1M3-U-3J. 
Anoteftn 1 1 4-6 

Etfmoofwi 2 0 1—3 

First Period: E-Bvakln 6 (Mansanl: E- 
Wehjtrt IB (Bvafcln) ; A^jonev 11 (DoJkzs). Sec- 
ond Period: A-Socco ■ iwinkxra. Houtotr); 
»pp). Third Period: A-Yafce 17 (Sweeney); A- 

New Jsersey, NIchoRs 10 IStevem. MocLean}; 
(pp). Third Period: T-Cratahtan 6. (KDme, 
Grattan); NJ.-NlctJoDs U (Medormever, Sta- 
vm). Shots ea«Mi; NJ. (en JAtarafdlll-n- 
144-39. T (an Terrert) U-1344-37. 


1. Arkansas (S4> 

7l North Carol ine 131 











Northeast Division 
30 20 8 




Soeoo 9 I Van Allen); A-Yafce M (Sweeney. 
HW); E-Conan 24 1 Kravchuk. Weight) ; <*». 
A-vaik 11 (Yokel: (enl. Shots en eeat: A (on 

1 Connecticut (3) 











Rantard) 104-10— SB. E (on Tugnutttl>96— a. 

A Kansas (1) 








65 201 


CUtanea 8 8 9-8 

5. Lou(3vUle 12) 











San Jose ■ • 1—1 

4. Duka 











Third Parted: SJ.-OzaGnsh 14 (Larionov. 

7. Michigan 12) 











Gorpenlov) Shots an goal: C (an Irbe) 7-7- 












9—73. SJ. (an Bel tow 1 9-12-7—28. 

Nomtcb L Arsenal I 
Steed ton; Manchatoer Untied. 87 points; 
Btodwwni. 57; Arsenal, 47; Henrnstle. 45; 
Uvernoal and Aston vnia, 44; Sheffield 
V Ye ttaesdoy and Leeds. 43; Nanwicb, 41; 
Queetrt Park Rangers, 39; Wimbledon and 
West Ham. 36; Coventry. S; Ipswich, 33; 
Evertea 9; Tottenham, so.- chtassa and Oto- 
ham.24; Mcmcticster Oty.25; So u tham pt on, 
24: Sheffield United. 33; Swindon, 22. 
Second Roand 
Teoioier A Menace 7 

Wirnmnw: EtatrocM Frankfort, 24 points; 
Bovsr Lever kusea Warder Bremen aid MSV 

Dvisbara 25; Bavern Muhfdv IhdssraUtltani: 
0nd»9Howiburs,aOSCK i»»tara l i n is idBecue- 

Dynamo Dreedsa 21; sc Prakim, 30; Co- 
tagna 19; vn Stuttgart, l«j Nuramtoere. 16; 
WWtantctieid. 15; ScMhe, 14,- Vift 
Poggta 1; Ragglona 0 

Afbietlc de BObao & Mow VIXtaobno O' ■ 
IJsMo l Logranes 1 
Rating do Sis d u ietor 2. Cotta 1 
Attetlco Madrid % Spartfna de GHon 0. 
Vaftodelld 0. Real Sodedod 0 
Osonara Atbandr-l^ ' ; 

Zerngezd 6, Bertetaho-S' 

W e edto RK DaparUhaln Coniaa.34 points; 
Barcelona. 28; Athletic deBtl boo. Sparttngde 
Gllonand RealMadrhL27; Real Sec5edad,25; 
aprp nniTi .A Bnrj te and Rodng do S un te nder, 
3l;SevlltaandOvlado,21;Attaf1a>c(e Madrid. 
Voienda and Tmrffe. Bi Logronev Ceita 
and Rayovoueamaw; Vottoaond.17; Uetoa 
and Osasona. l£ - 


, 'Barbados vs. Er^ntond, Fourth JJar . 
Semfay;ln Brldgmsnw BarberiM 
Barbadoe hid tmlass: ms 
Engtand 2nd tantnos: 48 - 

Matui was tied. ... 


-■ -v - - ■ Sto nlts/ Fhtof 
* RataHa Zvereva (M, Q&ha 

»*tn. United States, 43.7*. 


Ibedlrsl mBBen dni m p h i niU i id the pmSTL 
ASM igsd HhrlwCn— hyauh— railnPn- 

Carey Pom unltaa States 
Prad Coentov IBM Slutss 
CMp Beck, united States 
had Ftocna unHed Stales 
David Frost Santa Africa 
Tom Watson, United States 
Peter Jaatam, its. 

Kb* TTbdeH. Ufdtad States 
LennSe aements. Its. 

Joy DeUtao. UnHed States 
Crate Stonier. Unded States 

4 7 64 7 2 68 3 71 
87-8M8-71— 89 
7G71-484P— 29 
<7-74-71-67 — Z7T 
4F-71-7V49— 280 

<7-73-69-73 — 281 

MILWAUKEE— Agreed to terms wHh Bfl- 
onHarper.cotcber^a mlixir^eapaeCDntnicL 
NaBenal League 

ATLANT A r- A pre ed ta terms nffh Jeff Bta- 
suer, sborfstan. on 1-vsar c unf rn cL 

FLORIDA— Agreed to terms with Kart 
Milter. pHctiar; Bd» rwflak catcher^*®®" 
Mortfanz. MWdar;and Cnrl Ewaetml Nh 
sel Wllsoa outfielders, on 1-Year contracts. 
. HOUSTON— Asreed to terms, wfih Bob 
MacDonald. Pftcher. an nd w ’leoa u s con- 
IrtKl Stensd J ett BonvaErlst txseman, tol- 
yeor contract. 

LA . Ag r e ed to terms with Mike Piazz a 
catcher, an 3-vear contract ml vrtib Rteaei 
BauratenL tatteMnaand Ben VanRyapHOwr. 

MOHTREA L Agreed ta forme wH t iMntaes 
Alow outfielder; Kao MTCU Pitcher; end Larry 
Weaker, ouHMder, an Vkiw co n tract 

N.Y. METS— Agreed to terms wflti Glenn 
Dnvtfclstbascmwum minor league contract 









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Page 17 








-r- 1 



* *•. 

" . a 


Tuesday’* Evontg 

. _.J >Wfn^«n»GM7 • . _ 

Alpine Siding — Women's super G, lotin 

'S 2 t?S »! ean ’ ~ Wo ™ n ’ 5 5 «■"•» . 

'rSSfftSSrr p ?? ,trw ^ ev ^ 1900 - ' 

‘SSS^i m '^ n ' 8 m ° 8uis 

■ Sweden va Italy, .1400; United 

.|gj» ** Slwakta * 103O: Canada w. >ran5! 

■ teira ~ Wonwn ' s 8in ® te8> fin>! and « 8cood "ms, 

Tuesday's TV 

- ■ EUROPE ' 

. All times are heal ' 

. Austria - ORF: 0600-1500, 2015-21 15. 221 0-0030. 

' Blttsfci BSG2: .1415-1500, 1630-1730, 2000-' 

I BulB«ta - BNT: 1130-1400. 1015-1945, 2150- 
. 0100. 

- Create — HHT/TV2: 151 0-2000, 21 30-0035 

- Cyprus - CYBC: ,1530-1 600. 2030-2100, 0030- 

■ 0100. 

' Cxm* RepuMc - CTV: 0915-1230. 1945^0005. 

; S£S B i 2 t 10KM330 ’ 

> Eaton!* - ETV: 1125-1400. 1916-1945, 2145- 

• Finland - YUs/TVI: 1115-1355; TVifc 1900-1830. 

Ptranoa - FR2: 0955-12531 FR3; 1430-1740, ISBS- 
. 2330; TFl: 1055-1155- ! •, • • 

-.Oenaany ARD: 1958-2215; ZDF: 0960-1745, 
2015-2300. -- _ 

Greece - ET1: 0630-0900, 1200-1300, 2345-0100; 
ET2: 191S-194& “ • • • - 

Hungary - MTV/ChanneJ 1: 1207-1237, 2005- 
2010, 2235-0035. 

-Iceland - RUV. 0955-1200. 1825-1055, 2200- 

tte4r - Wt 0955-1 235. 0015-0030, RAC: 1455- 

, isoa 

UMa - LT:10SS-1300r 1915-1945, 00304M001 
Lithuania - LRT; 1 125-1230, 2130*150. ... 

' Luxembourg - CLT: Highflghts on everting news, 

- 1900-2000. 

‘ Macedonia - MKRTV/Channel 1: 0655-1130, 
.1355-1630; 1715-1830, 1855*130, 2230-2300; 
Channel 2: 0925-1030, 1125-1345, 1625-1900; 
-Channel 3; 0965-1135, 1855-2235. 

Monaco — TMC/TT: 1000-1300,1325-1400, 1500- 
" 1925,23454)200.: . 

NaBtatfa n da - NOS: 0930-2335. 

Norway - NRK: 2000-2400; TV2: 1845-1900; 

• Poland - TVP/ PR1:0950-1 100,1 B30-1 865,21 00- 
2300; PR2: 1105-1300, 1605-1725, 1905*100. 

^Portugal — TV2: 2300-2320; RTP1: 1100-1120. . 

. Ro ma n ia - RTVR/ Channel 1; 1155-1330, 1915- 
-1945,2230-2400,0030-0100. - 

• Russia - RTtt 1225-1330. 1830-1915, 0030-0230; 
-flTR- 1250-1400, 1600-1620, 21 25-21 K. 2330- 

-Slovakia - STV/SK: 06000830, 1025-1230,1725-' 

' 2035,21452335. • 

Slovenia - RTVSLO: 1005-1225, 1700-1845, 
J9552015. 20300130. 

' Spain - RTVE: 1 0002400; TVE2: 14451500. 
Ssraden - SVT/TV2: 10151200, 14551655. 
21002340; Channel 1; 16551730. 20002100. - 

• swftzerfaod - TSR/TSJ/DRS: 10301230; TSf:- 
-1 230-1 330.1355-1520,1855-2245; S+: 2000 


Turkey - TRT: 18301930, 18001830.2115-0130. 
Ukraine - DTRU/UTT: 11251230. 16151800. 

- 19151945, 21302400, 003O010Q; 1712: 1800- 


Buroapeit - 06Q0-continijou8 coverage. ■* 

ASIA/PACIFIC . - • ■ j 

AH times am local- - 
' Australia - Channel 9:2030-0100 
Near Zeeland - TV1: 0700*800, 21302400' ' 
Japan - NHJC 2200-2400 (general); 12301500, 

. .1800-06304 sateffita); 1300-1500. tOOO^OOXHt- 

Papua New Guinea — EMTV: 20002300 .-.V 
: Cltina - CCTV: 18002100. 23002400. 

Hong Kong — TVB: 24000100. 

South Korea KBS: 14301730, 24000130; MSG: 
10001300. - - 

• MWaysla - TV3; 23150015 - 

Singapore - 240001 00. ’ 

.Star TV - Starting at 1800: . 


AH times ere EST- 

"Canaria ' - CTV. 06300900, 13301700 2000 

, Events 

W SUM - CBS; 0700-0900, -2000-2330, 
0107^0207; TNTb 13001800. 

Mexico - Televisa: 07001100. 17001900, 2330 


- Wadmsday's eraaits 

AH times am GMT - 

Freea^to Sldtngr - Mm's and Women’s Moguls 
final, 1130.- 

lc« Hockey: - Austria vs. Russia, 1400; Czech 
R epuWk: vs. Germany. 1630; Norway vs. Roland. 

Luge — Women's SbTQtes, Third and Fourth Run, 
0900.- ‘ 

Speedskating - Men's 1,500, 1300. 



Aft times are local 

Austria - ORF: 06001 200, 13301730,20052100, . 

Britain- BBC: 141 51 500, 2000-21 00. 

Bulgaria-' BNT: 1710-01 00. 

Croatia - KRT/TV3!: 17551920. 22300030 
Cyprus - CYBC: 1530-1600. 20302100, 0030 
0100 . 

Czech RapubWc - CTV: 09151015, 12151400, 

Danmark :-T. DR; 12201400,-16551935, 2130 
2215. • 

Estonia - ETV: 19151945. 21452330. 

JFktkHid -r'VLE/TVl: 13051700,21002330; TV2: 

France - FR2 12201255; FR3; 12551420, 2005 
203a . 

Germany - ARD: 19582215; ZDF: 09451958; 

Greece - EH: 08300000. 1630-1715, 19151945. 
Hungary - MTV/Channel 1: 1207-1237, 2005 
2010; Channel Z 22352255. 

Iceland - RUV: 1125130a 18251855, 2315 

Italy - RAi3: Q955-1200, 1730-1800; RAI2: 0015 

taWa - LTl 10551500, 19151945, 0030-0100. ~ 
LMiuanBl - LRT: 2135215ft .. . 

Luxembourg - CLT: HlghHghis on evening news, 

Macedonia. - MKRIV/Channaf 1: 06551100, 
1355163ft 17152100, 2230230ft Channel Z 
11251300, 16251900; Channel 3:12551505. . 
Monaco - TMC/TT: 1000-1300. 1610-1925. 
Nether la n ds NOS: 09302310. 

Norway - NRK; 11000030: 7V2: 1845190ft ■ 
Poland - TVP/PR1: 0950-1 100, 201 52040, 2200 
2300; PR2: 11051405, 1605172S, 19052000, 

Rerkigal - TV2; 2800232 ft RTPt: 11001120. 
Romania - RTVR/Chwmal 1: 13251500, 1015 
1945, 0030-0100; Channel 2: 20552330. 

RuaaMn Fedaradon - RTO: 1830-2000. 2140- 
2200, 0035023ft RTTL 12551400, 1655-1030, 
21252155. . 

Sfcnrakja - STV/SK: 06050830, 18151 B45. 
Slovenia - RTVSLO: 17051905, 19552015, 
2036^255, •, 

Spain - RTVE: 1 0052400; TVE2: 1445150ft 
S wede n - SVT/TV2: 14051500. 20052230; 
Channel 1: 12151400. 

SwHzertand - TSR/T81/DBS: 12351600; S+: 

Turkey - TRT: 2035233ft 

UhraMa - DTHU/UTi: 1055150ft 19151945, 


Eurosport — 0600-coritlnuous coverage. 

All times an local 
AqatmBa - Channel 9: 203501 oa 
New Zednd --TV1: 07050800. 21352400. ' 
Ji«t«i - NHKr22002400 (general}; 12351500, 
1800-0630 (sateUte}; 1305150ft 1900-2200 (Hl- 

China - CCTV; 19302130. 2305240ft 
Hdt«Koog - TVB: 24050100. 

Korea KB& 14351730^ 22052345, 00150140; 
MBCl'tOGO-iaOft - >v - . t.. 

MMayria - TV3.-231 5-001 S' 

Etagapore - SBC/Channet 12:2400-0100. 

. ffar TV - ‘Starting at 030ft Starting at 1930. 

All times ora EST 

Canada - CTV:. 06350900. 1335t70Q, 2005 

United States - CSS: 0705090ft 20052300, 
0037-4137; TNT 13051 BOO. 

Wm loo -“7 Televisa: 07051100, 17051900. 2335 

. Information provkled by the IOC, 7WI, and fntiMti- 
. ual broadcasters; compOea by the IHT. 

Finland Routs Russia, 
Germany Wins Its 2d 

Dab Pmom.'Tbc Anvaucd Freak 

Espen Kmtsen of Norway went flying over Germany's goattender, Hefanut De Raaf. 

Compile! h- Our Staff From Dujuacha 

LILLEHAMMER. Norway— Russia's rich 
hockey tradition suffered one of its blackest 
days on Monday. A surprising Finland routed 
the top-seeded but m experienced Russians. 5-0, 
the worst Olympic loss and Erst Olympic shut- 
oul of the squad, formerly known as the So * id 
Union and Unified Team. 

Finland, seeded seventh, beat the third-seed- 
ed Czech Republic, 3-1, in its opener and has 
gone to the top of Pool A with a 2-0 record. 

The Soviet Uoion won seven of nine gold 
medals from 1956 through 1988. The United 
States won in I960 and 1980. The Unified Team 
won the tournament in 1992, but 19 of the 22 
players on that club went to the National Hock- 
ey League and all the current Russians are 
Olympic rookies. 

Still, there is little chance that the Russians 
(I-I) won’t survive the five-game preliminary 
round to reach the angle-elimination quarterfi- 
nals of the 12- team tournament. 

The prims, with ax NHL veterans, exposed 
the youth of the Russians as they kept attacking 
throughout the second period. They capped it 
with two goals within 10 seconds in the final 
minute. Then the Firms protected the lead, 
allowing Russia just four shots in the third 
period. They held a 29-13 advantage for the 
game, including 1 1-2 in the second period. 

Jere Lehdnen got the only goal of the first 
period at 14:59. The second period was nearly 


Compiled by Our Sniff From Dispatches 

Tonya Harding in Playboy magazine? Nancy 
Kerrigan in a Disney film? 

This week's Newsweek magazine quotes 
sources as saying that Kerrigan has cut a $1 
million deal with Disney, ABC-TV and the 
Hollywood producer Steve Tisch and that Har- 
ding has been contacted by Playboy magazine. 
- According to Newsweek, Kerrigan’s deal in- 
dudes a made-for-TV movie to air in May, a 
(devised dealing special, Disney theme-park 
appearances and — - maybe — a Nancy dou. 

Meanwhile, Playboy is offering Harding 
$250,000 for what they ddicatdy call a “picto- 
rial/’ Newsweek, said. Attempts to sell her film 
rights have turned up zero, the magazine said. 

• With Harding deared to compete in the 
Games, Britain’s largest bookmaker has report- 
ed a surge in bets for her to win the gold in the 
women’s figure skating competition. 

“We have cut Harding's odds from&-l to 7- 
l, w said Paul Austin of Ladbrokes, “but pushed 
the odds for Kerrigan out to 6-1 from 5- 1.” 

Germany’s Katarina Witt, the gold medalist 
in 1984 and 1988, is listed at 20-1. No odds have 
been offered for the other women skaters. 

• Tommy Moe won more than America’s 
fint Olympic Alpine gold medal in 10 years. He 
won 115,000 and was the first to colled from a 
program designed to boost U.S. performances. 

“1 didn’t even know about it I don’t ski for 
money. If I didn’t get paid Td still be out here 
siding,” Moe said. . ‘To win a major race like 
lids is very lucrative. I don't know how much 
money HI be making for this win, but it’s worth 
a k»L I think it's going to double my contracts 
for next year. I'll have more bargaining power.” 

By winning the men's downhill on Sunday, 
Moe got the first cut of top money from Opera- 
tion Gold, the U1S. Olympic Committee's latest 
effort to boost performance. 

In these Olympics, for the first time the 

USOC is awarding money to its athletes in 
direct relation to how they perform: Come in 
first, and $15,000 is yours. 

A silver medal is worth $10,000 and a bronze 
$7,500. Lesser payments will be made for 
fourth-place finish es and performances that 
improve on previous Olympic bests by U.S. 
athletes. Almost $300,000 is budgeted for the 
program at I .iTlehammer . 

• In Norway, land of fervent environmental- 
ists, one of the most interesting tourist items 
created Tor the Gaines is an earring made from 
recycled elk droppings. 

But, said Tor Aune, spokesman for the Lille- 
bammex Olympic Organizing Committee, “It’s 
really not a traditional Norwegian trinket.” 

• Olympic bobsled training began after the 
two final runs of the men’s luge, with more than 
100 two-man sleds taking nuns tearing up the 
trade less than a day before the women were set 
to have their first two competitive runs, and 
adding an element of uncertainty to the race. 

“After the bobs, the trade is totally wrecked,” 
said Pauli Spieler, the man in charge of main- 
taining the ice. “It's unfair the women have 
practices on a nice track, and then the bobs 
come along and put completely different 
grooves in it" 

Italy’s Gerda Weissensidner, who had the 
. fastest practice run, will start first Tuesday. She 

will be followed by Anna Orlova of Latvia and 
Austria’s Angelika Neuner, the silver medalist 
two years ago at Albertville. 

• Eddie ibe Eagle landed in I.illehamm er. 
but couldn’t get in. 

Eddie Edwards is (he jumper from Britain 
who. because of his thick glasses and ineptness 
on sides, was tagged with the nicknamed “the 
Eagle” in Calgary six years ago. 

He was stopped Sunday at a checkpoint out- 
ride the ski-jumping site at Lysgardsbakkene 
because be did not have proper accreditation. 

He told authorities he was competing in the 
120-meter jump, but was carrying slalom skis. 
He also said he’d be in the area about 24 hours, 
but the jumping competition starts next Sunday. 

Tighter rules have restricted tins year’s 
Olympics to competitors who have proven 
themselves as world-class athletes. 

• The IOC's president, Juan Antonio Samar- 
anch, headed Monday for Sarajevo to pay trib- 
ute to the embattled tity and renew his call for 
an “Olympic Tract" 

The delegation will include a Mexican IOC 
member, Mario Visquez Rana; the head of the 
European national Olympic committees. Jac- 
ques Rogge; the IOC director-general, Francois 
Canard, and an IOC adviser, Fekrou Kidant 
(AP. WP, NYT. Reuters. AFP) 

half over before the faster Finns began putting 
frequent pressure on goalie Andrei Zuev. 

Saku Koivu beat Zuev with a five-footer 
from the slot at 8:59. Mika Alatalo made rite 
score 3-0 at 1 1:32 when Zuev couldn't control 
the rebound after making a stick save on Esa 

The lead grew to 4-0 at 19:03 when Janne 
Ojanen look a pass from Miko Makela and 
backhanded a five-footer between Zuev's pads. 
The unraveling or the Russians continual 10 
seconds later when Marko Kjpmsov beat Zuev 
with a slapshot from the left face-off circle. 

Zuev was replaced by Sergei Abramov to 
start the third period. 

Germany 2, Norway 1: An older, more expe- 
rienced German team defeated Norway in front 
of 9.245 fans at Hakon HalL the largest ice 
hockey crowd since the Games began. 

The loss, after a 5-1 loss to Russia, dropped 
Norway to 0-2, in Pool A. Germany, which 
defeated Austria, 4-3. in its first game, is 2-0. 

The raucous crowd of flag-waving, bell- 
dan ging Norwegians exploded in cheers and 
whistles when Ole Eskild Dahls trora scored 
Norway’s only goal on a power play in the 
second period. In the last 22 minutes. Norway 
had three power-play opportunities and failed 
to convert any of them. 

Dieter Hagen, playing in his fourth Olympics 
since 1984. poked in the puck to give Germany 
a 1-0 lead midway through the first period. Leo 
Stefan's slap shot from the right circle on the 
power play made il 2-0 at 4:49 of the second. 

The home crowd finally got something to 
cheer about on Dahlstrom's slap shot from the 
center line with three minutes left in the second. 

Czech Republic 7, Austria 3: In Gjovik, the 
Czech Republic rebounded from its opening 
loss to Finland by scoring four second-period 
goals in less than 10 minutes. 

It was 2-2 after one period before the Czech 
Republic scored twice in a 1:05 span early in the 
second. Fust Petr Hrbek. skating behind the net, 
passed in front to Richard Zemlicka for a goal. 
Then Roman Horak batted a puck out of the air 
and into the net for his second goal of the game. 

The Czech Republic made it 5-2 at 1 1:48 of 
tircscccmdperiod, when Jan Aline scored on a 
rebound. Thirty -one seconds later, Jiri Dole- 
zal’s slap shot beat goalie Claus Dalpiaz for a 
four-goal lead. 

Austria capitalized on a mistake by goalie 
Roman TureL. playing for the normal starter, 
Petr Briza, to pull to 6-3 after two periods. 
Tirrek's clearing pass was intercepted by Wer- 
ner Keith, who fed Marty Dallman for a short- 
handed goal. 

But Austria got no closer as Turek stopped 
all seven third-period shots be faced and Mar- 
tin Hosiak added a short-handed goal for the 
Czech Republic. 

Fust-period goals were scored by Jiri Kucera 
and Horak for the Czech Republic, Martin 
Ulrich and Keith for Austria. (AP, Reuters) 


“ _ : MEDALS 

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» SILVER— Blom Dgblta, Norway ' '• 
* BRONZE— Mika MvHylo# Ffcdand 
» LVM ; 

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• COLD— Gaora HacU. Ocrmaay- 

• SILVER— Martan Frock. Austria 
» HROlVze — Jkrmin Zouca ler , Italy 


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Russia . . 

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Psdomas — Andre i zusv, Rus.nrvsd W Dmi- 
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Sscnad ptrlpd 1 FblkM, Safcu Kohm 
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(Mikto Abtato); a FtatinL Marko Ktanaov 
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Savsl Tsrtvcrm, ftus (mhcondnri); Past 
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Loukkanea, Fin (hokJtaB); Andrei NlkoJI- 
cMnc. Rus (sB»wtiia); Saku KoWu. Fin 
(stash|nal; Geomi Evtlaufchlna, Rus [ cross- 
chscMneJlTInwJutila Fin {hoROnal; Thno 
Jutlia. Fin ItkaWnal- 
Shotsongs«4— Russia 744— 11. Finland 12- 

GoaUes— Russia, Andrei Zuev 123 shots, 10 
savsSl ; Smd Abramw, (tWnL5-5). Finland, 
Jukka Tammi Civil). 


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4 4 

2 7 

Gsrmanv Z Norway 1 
Czadt Rsadblk 7, Austria 3 
Finland $. RusslaO 

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JahansBv Nor (ptiarfonnee). 5:14 
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(Andreas NledortntroerM :«.3i Norway. Ota 
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sm.Nor (hoWUnaUs^S: mdwrd AmataiBar 
natarienaal.ioas; Gears Franz. Ger (haakr 

TUton s ta d Ro n s. PtmatHes-Jap Benda 
G8T (ctanrimf). 7U8t Benoit Dooest G«r (lo- 
tarferanct). 14^4 

’ Shots ad see n G *r m amr4 » 4 -2 1. Norway 
■ 9-7-6 — 22. ’ 

- OooB s S Gormony. Helmut Ds Raaf (22 
shols.21 vna). Norway, Jkn Martt itas w (2V 


^CsidnkL 'I^S^Ii «. David to 

2 4 1—7 

Austria . . . .2 14-9 

First mwh. Czech Republic. Jiri to 
.csra;.2.£redi Rie^UbHc. Roman Horak (da); 
AatMx Wbracr' Korttv P sngWt g Herttarf 
Hotanbkrvor. AtHlrouihtne); Gerald ftasd 
mam, Art (tewias) : JM DoMmLCh (sksii- 
inul; wtitipdho KfemAAof (MrthrtWOntf; 
Jiri wkoukat. Cze O mttknna). AWdwol 
Snea am (tnouts). * 

-1 SocaMPvua-dlC2acl) RepaMic. Richard 
'ZBmHeka tPotr Hrtjek, Bodrfch SaaDenli 6, 
, Czech RopubRc, ^aman Horak; 7^Qwcb to 
public Jan AJIneltaKh Republic, J irt Dota- 
ral (Jiri Kucora.Okifcar Jaaedby »: 9, Austria 
MMirDatbasn (WsfwKorttrJ (sh}.Pimai- 
'rtssLOedrWi Scorbaa, Cm ftooWwl; En- 
Be#w7 Uretar, AM (staWnM; Wtastav ttar- 
.OMOU.CS8 istatabiB); H er be rt Hohonberw, 
Aut (Doiataai. 

TldnJ p srto d Ifc Czech Republic, Martin 
Hsirtak (nim Sresn) (shL Pvnaltles- 
— Jomos Burton. Aut Onts rt Tence)iBedr1ch 
SesrBan. Cza (htob-sHddno); Entnfeert 

IMS*. *ot ftlnsWMi); JanVoixjt,.Ca (tm»- 
PinBrfTomas Kcnata CzbOdatHHIcitininr 

Staff op pMt-Oacn Rkkaik (5-i>»- 40. 
intMfl IT ft Y~ 71 V 

- bmPo* emeu ftenubWc mmantamg 
3hois,<2 saves), AnshSc. Cl<«s Daflotaz, Auv- 
Irta (4M3). 

wav, itninuta^ft.95 seconds; 2. Kvlo Rasmus- 
con. United States. Id&ta; 3, Tammy moo. 
United Stated 1:37.14; 4 Cay Mullen. Cana- 
da 1:37.33; 4 Edward PeOvtaSkv. Canada. 
1J7A5; X Kletil Andre Aamodt, Norway. 
-1:37A»: 7. Mare GlrardeM. UncanUjauro, 
1:37.41; 8. KrtsHai GhorSno, Itahr.li38.14; 9. 
AHrSkaanlflt Norway, 1^8 SB. 

lb Alessandro Button, Italy, 1:3825; 11. Pre- 
drlk Nvbra Swwlen. 1:3040; K. Potrtk Jota- 
byiv Sweden, 1:3M4; 13. Gueater Madsr. Ai» 
rna, 1:3844; 14 AzMm VbaL UeUitsnktakv 
] :3853; 15. Glantranco Martin. Italy, 1: 3884; Iti 
(He) Miron Ravter. Skwenla, and Jem- Los- 
Unsn. PMancL 1:388k IB. (He) Graham OelLj 
Britain and Jcan-Luc Cretler, Francs, 1:3821; 
2b Markus Wasrwter, Gonaony, l:3UU. 

2L Harold Chr. Strand Niben, Norway. 
1:39.05; 23, Marcel Sulllaer, SwftzuKnL 
1 .-39J0; XbStOM Lochtr. SwHzer lond. 1 :S» M ; 
3X Pool acsoId. Swltzorlond. T:3?41; 21 An- 
dre) FUbshkJiV Russia 1:39.77; 2ft, OirMlan 
nial:4am; 2b Chad Fleischer, uidtedStetab 
1 : 40.17.- 29, Tobias Heilman S wede n 1 :4D25: 
3b Goaraes'Mandes. PortwooL 1:4029. 

31. Credo ThrtBfter.. Untied States. 1:403ft.- 
32, TMmra IShtakn Japan. 1:40J5; 3b 1 Tobias 
BarnKssoLGortnany.l :405ft; 34 Marco Bw> 
H3»eL Liechtenstein. 1:««i 35. Nils LtMta- 
bern. Oilte. l;40M; 3b Andrri Kalatvine. xo- 
zdktnttOL 1:41.141 37, Vasini Berame 
Russia l^LiV; 3b KtaHnsba Klmura. 

T.41JX- ®. Simon wi Rutene. New Zealand, 
1:4188; 4b Gerara Escodd. Andorra. 

: 4L Jure Katir. Slovenia, 1:42.17: 42, (tfc) 
Lyubomir -Paoav, Bvtearta, and PBter DH- 
chev, Buteorln 3:4Ml; H ZuraO JiIWrrflL 
Gednda, 1:42 Mi A Javier imelra. Snatn 
i:CJSj 4X Mariam PwfcuW. Aroenttan 
1:43.13: 47, Mordn tatmkl Ponmd, 
1:4382; ib Attlte Bonl* HunoorY, 1 :«U5; *>. 
.VleenteTomobSoala 1 :4482;5bMikoi MorUa, 
FtatoMS 1:4581; 51. Mm Maraozztal, Chita. 
U4507; 52, GreBsr GrBc. Slovenia, l ^SAl ; 51 
Alexis Ration Qd 10,1:4587154 OvMoGatxta, 

Suabi. 1:444b WIDIom Gaylord. BrflainDNF; 

Ham Kikm. Austria, DNF, 

To our reoders in France 

V% bum been oa«r to jtAteafc* 
and save with our new 
toBlhte ietviCB- . 

Jujf oJ«**odoyat 

Quite simply the Royal Oak. 



The master watchmaker. 

Fur inTumuiion and wiiaJuinK. - . pK.-j.v-- wriic n>. 
Autknur, Pr^uet sCk-SA. 1.4-*K Lu Swurt-HaivJ 
TeL -il 2} *HS jf» .1] F:i\ il 2) -12 M 

An ncunorui >U'd 
porthole heeuretl hy 
eipht wltite gold Imits: 
die j]ic«si .striking failure 
of the exclusive 
Royal Oak design- 


o — 


Page 18 



Alsgaard Becomes a Star 
In His Star-Struck Norway 

S 1 5 MSS 

H li & Site z2 m 

By William Drozd iak 20 degree centigrade (minus 4 Fahren- “I keep saving to myself. *1 don't lm- 
' Washington Pest Service belt) temperatures. The authorities dc- derstsnd, I don't understand.* ** he said. 

LILLEHAMMER — The parents of tided not to postpone the race even “I was hoping for a bronze but never 
Thomas Alsgaard first decided to put though doctors warned that the athletes dreamed it would turn out to be the 
skis on his feet when he reached the ripe could incur serious breathing problems gold.” 

age of 1. By the time he was 3. he was 
winning his first cross-country races. 

Such precocity is not uncommon in 
this land of snow' and ice, where children 
often learn to ski before they walk and 
stone carvings show that people 
strapped wooden slats to their feet more 
than 4.000 years ago. 

But Alsgaard amazed even himself on 
Monday by joining the pantheon of ski- 

in air serious breathing problems gold. 

from skiing in such cold weather. 

Ever since Norway decided to invest 


But for Norwegians, coping With heavily in its ski teams a decade ago in 
harsh conditions is second nature, espe- preparation for hostiug the Winter 
dally in the grueling long-distance siri Games, their athletes have established a 
races, where pitting human limits near-monopoly on most cross-country 
against nature is part of the sport's mys- events. The national ski committee has a 
tique. Nordic athletes have dominated budget of nearly 52 raOlioo, and nearly 
cross-country events ever since the Win- all of the athletes can concentrate full- 

«. , r ‘ VV ' ^ /&\. *J 

it ^ '1 - "A* ** t i *1 

i .'ft m 

ter Olympics began in 1924. 

**If the 10-kilometer race is a sprint 

i »L. cn - .1 " 

ing legends with an upset victory over and the 50- kilometer a marathon,” said 

the Olympic favorite and three-time 
gold medalist Bjorn Dahiie in the 30- 
kilomeier freestyle race. 

By winning gold at 22, the taciturn 
Alsgaard became an overnight hero 
among Norway's four million citizens, 
who tend to perceive cross-country ski- 
ing more as an obsession than national 

With 70.000 spectators ringing cow- 
bells and cheering deliriously along the 
final stretch. Alsgaard pumped his way 
across the finish line 47 seconds faster 
than Dahiie with a lime of one hour. 12 

Rolf Nordberg, spokesman for Nor- 

time on their events thanks to stipends 
and lucrative fees from ski companies. 

Led by Dahiie and Ulvang, an adven- 
turer known for climbing tall peaks and 

minutes, 26.4 seconds. Finland’s Mika peat his 1992 harvest of three golds and 
Myllyla came in third to take the bronze one silver. 

way’s ski team, “the 30-kilometer event taking canoes across Siberia as well as 
holds special appeal because you need his skiing prowess. Norway's cross- 
bo th speed and endurance. You need to country skiers have blazed new trails in 
follow a sensible strategy or you will physical conditioning wiih their training 
fade if you start too fast* habits. 

Dahiie, a 26-year-old ouldoo reman (Jlvang said in a recent interview that 

known for his iron will and meticulous nearly all the skiers now follow a re- 
planning , betrayed scarcely any disap- men of running, weight-lifting, gymnas- 
pointroem in finishing second in success- tics and roller-skating in addition to ski- 
sive Olympics in what is considered his ing to build up their strength and 
best event. But he said be did not plan to coordination. 

alter his strategy for the three other long- “The cross-training methods help 

distance races in which he hopes to re- avoid injuries and keep the athletes from 
peat bis 1992 harvest of three golds and getting bored.” Nordberg said. “We also 


w r 

f A 

r**" .r* # 

1 ~ i mm tf j | * ’ i \ 

5 ). 

Hardy Folks 

Reuters [ 

‘ LILLEHAMMER — In a tern village 
of Olympic, ski fans in the* <3 
above LiUehammer. a 70-year-old 
grandfather is camping with a kwf of. 
• bread stuffed down his deeping bag. 

‘You have to be alirtle crazy to camp 

out like this,” said Jan Nesitim, a pen-' 
sioner who skxps.with his breakfast to. 

^ farlto^w have set np abour 
80 tents io a free camping site m deep, 
snows near the Olympic crosscountry 
stadium above LiDehamnier, where elk 
and even the odd wolf roam. 

The modern-day Vikings reckon most 
visitors to Ullehanmtsr suffer worse 
. conditions — in cramped hotel rooms 
paying sky-high prices for everything; 
Sombeer to laundry. .... ... 

*Tve been to Greenland six tunes, 
once with my wife. I was a bit disap: 

in one hour, 14 minutes. 14 seconds. 

Dahiie. who also took the silver medal 
in the 1992 Albertville Games behind 

teammate Vegard Ulvang, said be antici- 
pated that Vladimir Smirnov of Kazakh- 
stan would pose his stiffest competition 
for the gold Smirnov, who has won five 
out of six World Cup races this season, 
was bothered by the bitter cold and 
finished 10th. 

.Alsgaard said he. too, suffered chest 
problems after the race from the minus 

“It was really one of the best races Fve 
ever had," Dahiie said. “I was going 
uphill faster than ever. 1 expected that 1 
would pick up some time, but Thomas 
surprised me by maintaining such a fast 
pace through the middle of the race.” 

do a lot of exercising in high altitudes 
because it is a natural way of blood 

pointed that she decided not to come 
here tins time,” Nesttun said, thawing 
out the evenmg meal, a stew of roe deer, 
over a wood fire. 

“I shot this myself,” be added. 

Living in a nation fractured by fjords 
■ and stretching high above the Arctic 
Grde, Norwegians have adapted to a 
rKmatft thflf made even the Vikings rid- 

.. ... . *- ■ .. .. grate south in winter. . . 

.. . ; v . :> ,„• -«{. Many like to think endurance is a 

. • " V..‘,’S -' ’ ; ;1T> national characteristic and go out of 


I was going doping to build up oxygen capacity for 
pected that 1 the athletes." 


Thomas Alsgaard woo the men’s 30-kfloroeter freestyle race to the cheers of thousands of Norwegans. - 

would pick up some time, but Thomas Norway's methods have been adopted 
surprised me bv maintaining such a fast by many nations, including its Scandina- 
pace through the middle of the race.” vian neighbors, who are envious of the 
Alsgaard. who stands a good chance results. Finland, having learned of the 
of becoming a mul timilli onaire in the success with high-altitude techniques, 
□ext few months as commercial endorse- has built a house that simulates moun- 
ments pile up. said he was still feeling tain air to boost the oxygen capacity or 
stunned by his victoiy hours after climb- its athletes. 

ing the medals podium. Even so, they still remain in awe of the 

strength and depth of Norway’s skiers. 
Asked whether he felt be could have 
improved on his third-place finish, Myl- 
lyla said, “To do any better l would have 
needed to fly.” 

After Dahiie and Ulvang starred in 
the 1992 Games, a new generation led by 
Alsgaard seems ready to step forward. 

Although more young Norwegians are 

turning to downhill rating, cross-coun- 
try skiing remains part of Norway’s cul- 
tural heritage. Well over half of the ac- 
tive adult population, from kings and 
prime ministers to laundry maids and 
taxi drivers, are cross-country skiers, ac- 
cording to the country’s ski federation. 

Alsgaard’s upbringing was typical of 
many Norwegian youths. His policeman 

Kjus Edges Rasmussen and Moe in Combined Downhill 

downhill bronze, placed fifth in the com- 
bined downhill on a sunny but freezing 
day when the temperature at the foot of 
the slope was registered at minus 19.64 

champion, rekindled hopes of an Alpine silver medalist Sunday in the dow nhill, the slope was registered at minus 
victory for Norway when he won the when he finished four-hundredths of a centigrade (minus 3 Fahrenheit), 
downhill portion of the Olympic com- second behind Moe, was 0.54 of a sec- But the Canadians, too, will be 

bined Monday, 

Kyle Rasmussen and Tommy Moe. place. He is a supreme all-around skier, arounaers m me sworn secuon. wmen is 
Racine nvw a 0 87Q-m < 0 18ft. fiaiahing second to Kjus in the com- shaping up as a battle between the two 
wTnuC bined at ^ 1993 wild championships Norwegian friends. Kjus and AamodL 
E? in Morioka - ***** wtHnrTWtm boSh Tb^have finished io»mo in the two 

downhill which^waswcm bv ** sIaIorn 30(1 S* 2111 siflionL Worid Cup * 3mb ' ne ? cvents «®pk‘ed 

„■« Neither of the Americans are expect so far this season. Kjus winning in Kitz- 

two Amen cans, ont j 0 [f ^ combined lead, in sixth pressed to challenge the top all- 

lace. He is a supreme all-around skier, arounders in the slalom section, which is 

Compiled by Our Suff Fnm Dispatcher and a slalom that is to be run on Feb. 25 downhill bronze, placed fifth in the com- “I'm very confident of a medal" he 

aiHafjcll. bined downhill on a sunny but freezing added, “but 1 know it will be a big fight 

KVTTr JELL— Lasse Kjus, the world Kjeul Andre Aamodt of Norway, the day when the temperature at the foot of with AamodL But it’s a nice feeling to be 
champion, rekindled hopes of an Alpine silver medalist Sunday in the dow nhill, the slope was registered at minus 19.64 in the lead.” 

victory for Norway when he won the when he finished four-hundredths of a centigrade (minus 3 Fahrenheit). Aamodt said- -I made a few mistake 

downhm portion of the Olympic com- second behind Moe, was 0.54 of a sec- But the Canadians, too. wfll be hard 
bined Monday, edging two Americans. ond off combined lead, in sixth pressed to challenge the top all- 

Kyle Rasmussen and Tommy Moe. He « , dder. the Sick i, 

Raring over a 2,829-meier (9J80- ““e 10 ^ S*." “ a . tal * bK '“ «L I (eel slrang in Ike slalom but I 

foot) coise shonened b, abou! 300 me- bm ^ « 993 « °rM d iamp.omhrps fnendi Kjus erpccted Kjus to be u rival iu the com- 

ters from Sunday’s course for th» rwnilnr in Monoka, Japan, where he wot both They have finished one-two in ihe two bj r^,. J 

SS wSch w^S? bv Moe^ius the slalom and giant slalom. World Cup combined e%mts compleced bmed - 

was timed at I rrtinuttM^sSondf Neither of the Americans are expect so far this season. Kjus winning in Kitz- Aamodt, the 1 992 Olympic super-gr- 
D a ._i, wn 71 to fare as well in the slalom section, babel Austria, and Aamodt in Chamo- ant slalom champion and giant slalom 

£hJ 7 14 * which is not their speciality. nix, France. bronze medalist, claimed his third 

Cary Mullen of runada. who crashed “Yesterday I made a very big mistake Olympic medal with Sunday’s downhill 
The combined medals are based on in Sunday’s race, finished fourth. His al the top of the course. Today 1 was silver and is well placed to match the 

aggregate results of the downhill race teammate, Ed Podivinsky, who gpt the much more aggressive," Kjus said. record of four Olympic Alpine medals of 

H&nni Wenzel of Liechtenstein and Al- 
berto Tomba of Italy. 

Luxembourg’s Marc GirardeQ, bronze 
medalist behind Kjus and Aamodt at the 
last wodd championships, was seventh 
but his slalom form this season has been 

“I don’t feel so well,” Girardefii said 
of the extreme cold. “I skied weO but 
nothing spedaL” 

He went straight to the medical center 
after his run to get protective cream for 
his nose and face. 

Steve Locher of Switzerland, the 
bronze medalist at the 1992 Albertville 
Olympics, was more than two seconds off 
the pace but should be in medal conten- 
tion in his stronger slalom. (AP. Reuters) 

father. Per, put him cm skis the day be 
could stand up and has supervised his 
training ever since then. 

“You could see that Thomas was spe- 
cial even here in Norway because be was 
l^mpri the techniques and coordination 
so early that it seemed instinc tive for 
him, ” said (Jla Bekkhaug, a ski school 
coach in AlsgaanTs native town at Lor- 
enskog, about 30 miles from Oslo. 

Now that he has tasted his first big 
international victory, Alsgaard said, he 
wants to rack up as many triumphs ashe 
can in a short tune. “There are so many 
good slriere coming up that it won’t be 
long before I will be considered the old 
man they want to push into retirement,” 
he said. 

■ Mogren Ends 24th 

Torgny Mogren of Sweden had a dis- 
appointing race in the 30-kDameter free- 
style. The Associated Press reported. 
The defending 50-kilometer world* 
champion, considered one of die world’s 
best freestyle races, wound up 24th, 
6:14.9 behind. 

Mogren had a bout with the flu before 
craning to I-Hl ehamnie r that forced him 
to turn down an invitation to be the 
Swedish flag-hearer at tile Opening Cer- 
emony anSaturday. 

TTie easy way to 

update them on 
the gold market 

U.S. Skiers: 
An Ice Age? 

By Harvey Araton 

Sew York Times Service 

case anyone thought Tommy Moe’s 
victory in the Olympic downhill 
Sunday was an Alaskan-sized 
fluke, he roared in^resavehr down 
the mountain again Monday and 
brotifeht one of ms American bud- 
dies along with him. 

tiy fr way to experience harsh condi- 
tions. Roald Amundsen of Norway was 
the first person to reach the South Pole, 
in 1911. 

“If we’d known it was going to be fine, 
weather, we wouldn’t have bothered 
twinging the tent,” said Glenn Johansen; 
a 16-year-old student planning to stay 
several days living on sausages cooked 
over a campfire and canned food. “A 
tent doesn’t really keep yon any warmer 
than deeping under, the stars.” . .*■’ 

“An American turned up here yester- 
day wilhjogging shoes,” sneered Harald 
Johansen, a 48-year-old Norwegian-, 
businessman who said he once spent 
three weeks living in a tent on an island 
about 1,000 kilometers (600 miles) from 
the North Pale. 

Suspecting such eccentrics would turn 
up, Ltikhammer organizers have set op 
toilets and a rubbish bin in two canqnng 
sites out in the ping forests. They are 
evm sellingbags of firewood to discour- 
age campera from chopping down trees. 

“This is really nothing unusual for 
Norwegians,” said Eklri Hoegaasen^a 
30-year-old teacher sitting on a mat 

rnatignf crintiggr ilrm an hercran panirai , - 

Amodd Haapenes, fried elk steaks over 
atfewe. ■ 

“We’re not worried about the cold. 
Even if we freeze in theirighL, the couple 
in the next tent are both doctors,” she 
said. /• 

"* >7' 


ores along witn mm. 

Actually, Kyle Rasmussen made 
a prophet of himself, nosing past 
Moe tor second place in the Alpine 
combined downhill, one day after 

combined downhilh day^ter 

_b e fore and I . 

This was much better than prac- ' V - • . 

tice, but nowhere dose to Moe’s 

golden Sunday, because it was only ' WjMMIm 

half an event. Rasmussen, lltn 
Sunday, was one-hundredth of a 

second behind the leader. Lasse ffl.. » 

Kjus of Norwav 1 , whose time of 
1:36.95 put him 'in excellent shape .. 

for a medal when the slalcan par- . sKxwKs'M' 7V : 
tionof tbecOTibinedisrunonFeb. , 

25 at HafjdL Lsse Kjus after winmng the do 

Moe, a better slalom skier than 

| Rasmussen, was third but has a the program syst ematicall y The 

f tin 


fcfc 1 





ba - :. 
is# •• - 


trz'.: . 


te*. ■ 



• . 

^ Hi 

m - 

better chance for a medal though women wot two sflvers two years 
both thdr results reaffirmed Moe’s ma We wot three medalsin Worid 
stunning declaration Sunday that Cnp last year. Calgary in ’88 was 

America's Alpine ice age is ending, not a good tone for us, bat we’re 
“Not roam- people thought we past that." 
could do it,” said Rasmussen. In the magazine article. Snorts 
“Now maybe tiwyU realize that Illustrated’s “It’s Afl DowS,” 
were a team to be reckoned with Mq'or was quoted as s 
and some of the Europeans will be takes me two yean 1 
going down.” medals, they probaWj 

It was not as if the U.S. Alpine someone else 
team had become the Qevelaud Moe’s timdv victon 

pngrmn fanatically. The with people who've afl done it be- 

aj«xJ One for Uibnl were thcNoiwcgian Alpine team. Major 
■ . — . . - said, has been the centralization of 



| ana some of me Europeans win be takes me two years togrt some E 
gwngdown. medals, they probably should get theYreall^Sudri^SSce,”. 

It was not as tf the U.S. Alpine someone else. Mmor said “We oWi 

team had become the Cleveland Moe’s timely victoiy over Kjetit ’ aS" Wc cant be Europe^ 

Indians d the mtcntatiwiai ski set, Andre Aamodt by four-hundredths u , • 

or the Sacramento Kings. It just of a second, the smallest maram in . F 0l ^ ethe,tss ^ ^* s -' 
staned to fed that way. and it ocr- Olynmic Alpine history, removed ? 03019 intensive cen- 

tainly read that way in a recent that onus rat the opening day of training period next y«fi 

j national magazine article that Alpine competition. Though no Sfi? 06 “ c^»aally:with 
| skewered the team as stumbles, American man is expected to eon- S? Moe at the top of 

bumblcis and back-room schem- tend in dtha the Sor giant 

ers- slalom, Moe and Rasnmswffl talking, boots and pedes with 

J wV .> 

m- ■ 

k : : 

s. slalom, Moe and Rasmussen be- 

The entire U.S. Alpine team was lieve they can get medals in the 
shut rail six years ago at the Calga- simer-giant slalom on Thursday, 
ry Olympics and no American man the US. women, whose first 
was dose to a medal two years ago race is Tuesday’s super-mam. are 

ant slalom on Thursday 
UJ». women, whose r 

tire Olympic downhill gokf medal- 
ist-and poster boy. - ;; L. 

“This is. going to be a large, thing 

to a medal two years ago race is Tuesday’s super-giant, are Rasmussen said. 

ot an eye tra professional teams, 
but Olympic spacing distorts faB- 

mencan medal cotmL ting. Thisis likely his-lasi Olympic 

Hilary Lindh won the downhill opportunity,, but veterans who have 

In +Norway, Dial 800-19-877. 

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•ruidJt plwrp— mny rc^ulri- itAii Irf- uml XMiibir,!.- n.-*« Ji!« iii.'K.Ml undni.u*. " I, ‘ r r "f*- r *> iS.-ir -|ir_-.: Inu-mj-Lli mu (VMtitri>uiinitlnn« C'orycn | ik«i. 

urs. Miss once, fail mice, and one silver at AibcmSfe, and Diane never come . dose can be inspired, 
had better have a good explanation Roffe-Stemrotter the silver in giant l00 ‘ 

of how and to where those U.S. dalonv averting a second straight As fra Moe, fae pretty m vrh ne- 

uuth in every criticism, but you medal skiing is only partly thtre- tbey^ve taken too many ariHs od 
hare to lexjk al the core.” said Paul juif of incOvkta&Liiarci wit Tbe die moumairL He has Survived 
Major, ihe Alpine director who was tuber pan I* having peers to mea- linage delinquency and harsh 
risen through the U.S. coaching sure that wort against, day by day. Alaskan winters to become that 
rank$ in the decade since KD John- "The gays haw two 8 little bit tow model ihe women wot 

son won ihe downhill at Sarajevo cockier, and just want to do it their about 

and the Ui. alpine team out-roe- own way.”smdEvaT»ardokcni.a “We're living out of bass veas-" 
dated the field. slakntt qpedaliM. ."Our youMer. round. It's notjjke the N^Twtere 

"We’re not tire Norwegian team girls have had better role models.” drey travel, around the U.S. In e 
m tenns trf depth. We’re sot the “On those days when you fed 747 /’he said, leaping totitetirfense 
Italian women. But look back six like a dirt bag, like yoa can't do of Ins teammates. “We don’t de= 
years to 1988. and how we’ve built anytiring on ttelnS, d’s nice to be serve to be ridiculed." . * 



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Place 1-2 in 

Camptltd by Ow Staff from Dispatches 

HAMAR — Russiam Alexander 
Golubev and Sergei Hevchsnja, 

swept (he top two medak iir men's 
500-meter meed skating Monday 
as ihc worid iccord-Lddcr, Dan 
Jansen^ slipped on the last turn. - - 

Golubev was timed in 3633, 
KJevchenya in 3639. Both broke 
the Olympic made of 36.45, set by 
UwBrJettS-Mey of the former Hast 
Gennany in Calgpry m 1988. 

Manabtr Horn: of japan, the 
btonac medalist in 3633, led an 
Asian swap erf the next four places. 
Liu Hopgbo of Orina was fourth in 
3634; with Hiroyasu Shmnzn of Ja- 

. By Angus PhilHps 

Washington Post Service 

LH1EHAMMER — “He will 
not come down here, l ean tcD yon 
that," said a spokesman for the 
US. h^e-team. *1 knowDune&n 
Kennedy and no one .will see Mm 
before sometime to nigh t He needs 
to cool down.-” - 
-Moments before, the top U3L 
luger,' who twice has am* to the 
Olympics a medal favorite and 
twice gouehotpe disappointed, had 
oubed spectacdai^ at the end of 
a hfihtmng nm that should have 
put him in thirfplat^prhned for a 

“Yon can wait,” said the spokes- 

man, Dimitry Feld, to the crowd 
waiting to comfort and quiz Ken- 
nedy after the disquahfymg crash, 
‘Ini he wifi rat come.” 

Even as be spoke, a forlorn figure 

was tnmdliiig down the snowy MB 
inshabby tennis shoes, a three-day 
beard on Hs cheeks md the somber 
look of defeat in Ms eyes. 

“Duncan didn’t run from the 
Skinheads in Germany," said a 
friend, Anne-Marie- Jeffords, who 
was waiting with a hug and a smile 
“He’s not gang to run from a few 
TV cameras." 

Kennedy took a beating from 
skinheads while defending a black 
teammate in Oberhof, Germany, in 

October, and in the process estab- 
lished himself as the US. team 
leader. So h was a new and larger 
Kennedy who opted to deal with 
Monday's woe in public. 

“It was a medal or nothing,” said 
Kennedy of the wild ride leading to 
his wild crash, “and I got nothing.” 

He crash was a big step down 
from heady heights for Kennedy. 
26. He stood second overall an the 
World Ctip rirenit going into the 
Olympics, with medals is four of 
six competitions. 

And he stood fourth after the 
first day of competition here Sun- 
day, poised for a medal nm in the 
final two heats Monday. Glory 

beckoned, especially after Annin 
Zoggder of Italy, who was in third 
place, brushed the track wall at the 
start in his first hear and came in 
two-tenths of a second off the lead- 
ers’ pace. 

Next came Kennedy, who was 
on a scorching run with just three 
turns left on the 1 6- turn track when 
trouble struck. His last interim 
rime was just four-hundredths off 
the track record and two-tenths 
ahead of Zoggdefs when he skit- 
tered out of turn 13 and felt the 
runners on his sled go “squirrelly.” 

“1 was going for it,” Kennedy 
said. “That was my plan, to really 
go, but I crossed the line a little bit. 

1 had too much pressure coming 
out of 13 and it caught up with me 
halfway down the straight.” 

He added. “You cross the line, 
you ride the edge, you pay the 

Spectators standing uackside at 

the entrance to turn 14 saw the 
whole grisly package whistle by at 
75 miles an hour (120 kilometers) 
— Kennedy bouncing off the 
straightaway wall, his head pop- 
ping up to search for a line to 
regain control, then schussing into 
turn 14 too high. 

Man and machine began a skitter- 
ing slide where the Olympic circles 
show through the ice in the steep 

r er’s Dream 

banking and suddenly Kennedy was 
off the sled, he and Ms gear spuming 
in a treacherous dance. 

“It’s amazing,” said Kennedy, 
who limped off with no serious inju- 
ry, “that you can crash like that at 75 
miles an hour and not get hurt-” 

He dung to his sled but ground 
to a halt just short of the finish line. 
When he failed to cross he was out 
of the Games, disqualified from 
attempting a fourth and final run. 

The teammate he had defended 
in Gennany, Robert Pipkins, 
wound up 16th. Pipkins had been 
angled out by skinheads at a bar in 
Oberhof while the U.S. team was 
practicing there. 

Pipkins, asked if he had had es- 

& the incident, said no. 

“He’s my teammate,” said Pip- 
kins. *Td want him to do wen 
whether he saved my life or not.” 
“It was a hectic year off the ice.” 
said Kennedy, who stayed to the 
end of a long round of interviews 
before heading off to be with his 
family. “Pve had my disappoint- 
ments and my good, moments. I’ve 
grown a lot in the sport. But 1 
crashed io the Olympics. 

”1 did my best,*’ he added. “I was 
going fast There’s 1,000 emotions 
going through me right now. Fm 
still in shocL” 

JorricM Mooe, the l?92branzemed- 
afist, riaan& «btth ip 3 6 . 

Jansen, lte record holder in the 
event and the overwhe lming favor- 
ite to win die- tithe, dipped and 
almost fdl coming into the final 
bend. He managed to recover but 
could onlyfinish etghlh. 

“r federtraordmarity sorryfor 
him; ” said the Russian sprint 
coach, Vasili Muratov. “As a 
sprinter be wins everything but 
can’t win ah Olympic gold 
“TlKyshoakl givc Mm an honor- 
ary metkl for raising tiKpopolarity 

rfthc sport," he said of the power- 
fully dealer known by Ms ini- 
tials, DJ. 

Japanese skater Yasunori 
Miyabe, who also performed poor- 
ly to finis h ninth, said, “I can't 
imagine the pain for DJ. Every- 
body maybe feels a little bit for 

- Klevchenya, who won the silver 
medal, said, ’T don’t know what 
happened- Perhaps be was over- . 
excited. Perhaps be lost form and 
the ice wasn’t bis. But I think he is 
the fastest skater on earth and 
eighth place doesn'trefkct this.” 
(AP, Reuters) 

J lackl Gets His 2d Gold, 
A Whisker Before Prock 

• •• EricDnptfmcAanndPRB 

Oman Kennedy tearing die cowse Monday after he crashed oat of the men’s singe luge competition and out of medal contention. 

Compiled tn Our Staff From Dispatches 

Hackl of Germany edged Marinis 
Prock of Austria oh Monday by the 
smallest margin in Olympic luge 
history' to become the just solo 
luger to repeal as a gold medalist 
Hackl had to make up .048 of a 
second in the fourth ana final run, 
Mil as so often in his career, be rose 
to the occasion. He finished the 
four runs, spread over two days, in 
3 minutes, 21371 seconds, .01 3 of a 
second faster than Prock, who fal- 
tered on Ms final run. 

The time difference came down 
to a mere 323 centimeters ( 13 inch- 
es) over the four runs down the 
1365-meter (4,475-fool) ice chute. 

Still, it was another gold for 
Hackl. *Tm overjoyed about both 
of them,” he said “Maybe the sec- 
ond one hasn't even sunk in yet” 
Annin Zoggder erf Italy brushed 
the wall on his first run of the day, 
losing valuable time, but held on to 
take third place and the bronze 
m edal- He finished with a com- 
bined rime of 3:21.833. 

JANS Onee Again, the Olympic Gold Slips Away 

m m 

... Continued bum Page T. 
understand it himself as he talke d 
Gamblers are always trying to do 
that, applying science and reason 
to their losses, because to admit the' 
other side is to give up trying Ifs 
like saying he was meant to loseL 

“Fm not a quitter,” he said “I 
don't give up. when anything gets 
is my way, I work hard to get 

He tmdesstaiHbwfy&uIaKMrn 
universally. It’s because he didn’t 
give up the day his sister died of 

leukemia in 1988. He skated later 
that day in the Olympics and left 
trying. He skated again in that 
Olympics and he fell again. He has 
forever since been, trying Io coik 
qner the public's understanding of. 

Al the 1992 Olympics he failed 
twioe more, This season hejtopped 
pretending that it aH dhhft really 
matter ras stated god was to win 
an Olympic gold medaL He is 28 
and these Games are likely Ms last 
chance. He came here in Decem- 
ber, to tlris very rink, and broke the 
36-second barrier for a wodd re- 

cord of, 35.92 seconds. Late last 
month be brqfce therecordagain — 
timed in 35.76 seconds — at the 
woridsprint champiaosMpg in Cal- 
gary. He was pen orating with an 
'angoya refusal to accept what had 
hecoineof him. . 

“I wasn’t nervous at aO going 
into the race;” he said. 1 was so 
confident. I felt I would skate a . 
world record. It wasn’t nerves. I felt 
fin k^.'T-r^ryrt- _ 

-? of finalists, Ms. 

twosome- was sent off second. Per- 
Tuffe^he would have been better 
skatin g n ear the end, trying to over- 
jtqke someone rise’s time. Instead, 

' be wasradng against himself, and 
• that is the hardest thing in the 
worid for someone whose failures 
are appreciated and accepted. How 
many other American contende rs 
are appended simply for trying? It 
is the healthiest approach possible, 
but for Mm the applause is friB of 

; A drum rofl preceded Jansen and 
-.a -Canadian, Sean Ireland, io the 
start Jansen covered the first 100 . 
meters in 932 seconds — not Ms - 

Moose Prevention Week 

By Jeanne McManus 

Washington Pass Service 

prevention week in Lfflehammer. 

So many of them, and rik and 
reindeer, have been wanderin g oat 
of the woods and onto the train 
tracks in search of food that work- . 
exs have headed into the wilds to 
feed the mwmIs in the hope that 
tloy will stay put and stop interfer- 
ing with tram and car traffic. 

Mild winters in recent years have 
been for a prohferatkm of 

moose, and the heavy snow this 
winter is blamed for moose leaving 
their usnaT backwoods paths for 
more heavDy traveled ones. To 
keep the trains running on time, the 
contro v ers ial feeding program was 
launched. The menu? Pine needles 
and hay. • 

.Moose warning rigusd< H _th e 

Sensttb the teaddf a moose that 
say: “Wanting: The Moose Is 
Loose/ 1 ' 

An adrilt male wri^is mare than 

half a ton (about 4% k fiogram s), 
and a single-car accident involving 
a moose can wipe put yoor avenge. 
Volvo, not to mention your average 

In addition to the feeding pro- 
gram, the moose posse is pratiemg 
other deterrents: building wooes, in- 
stalling 7 reflectors, constructin g m- 
derpasses to steer the mo ose' 
from roads and, that oW standby, 
spraying wolf urine -7 
thiqg, but a dmnicaaly mo ™? 6 * 1 
vetaon. The moose stndl the mm* 
and sense, danger. 

•With all roads dosed to most 
private cans, pubfic transpoflatrai 
fe dcpoKlnu m 2,000 toe Md 
the 214 licensed taxis, which, tte 
cabbies say, are not enough. 

He said qpereriocs had applied 
for50 mOTepenmtsthat woeda give 
fa tic unfinrited access to Unrimm- 
mer as wdl as Hamar, the site of ice 
skating and hockey, and to the un- 
derground hockey rinkatGjovik. 

Police said there was another 
problem: inadeqaate signs and 
ntiska£ng maps mat coofnse some 

•They couldn’t find the bus stop, 
m bu«s were rumting,” said a po- 
lice spokesman, Syenn Erik Sinmn- 
sen. “People tarn to die 1 pafice be- 
canse they don’t kncrwvmat rise to 

da”.'. . •. 

Tranqiort officials said they 
plann ed to itimroMe mstmetions, 
especially at the Posttenmnal in 
central TiTlehamnoer, where several 
rooms converge. .. 

best, but good enough. His arms 
cot through the air before Mm like 
a metronome, steady and steady 
and steady. From over Ms right 
shoulder the noise of the crowd was 
following him down the straight, 
always Ms best part. 

“Even the race frit good up to 
that print,” he said. “I felt I could 
probably skate a 36.0 or 36-1. At 
that moment, I wouldn’t have 
thought it would have been good 
enough, but h tnmed out it would 
have won.” 

He added: “I really can’t sum it 
up- I worked bard. Everybody 
knows that Tm the best, but I 
wasn’t today. ThereYnot really any 
marc chances for me. HI have to 
live my fife without an Olympic 
500-meter grid medaL” 

- He looked at the floor and then 
op, into the watching eyes. “Maybe 
h wasn’t meant to be,” be admitted. 

Tim Russian who finished sec- 
ond, Sergei KJevchenya, said later 
that, eighth place or not, Jansen is 
the fastest man on skates. Griubev 
admitted knowing that he could 
win after seeing Jansen's tune on 
the board. Afterward, die fights 
were dimme d and a spotlight fol- 
lowed Golubev, 21, as he skated * 
one last, slow circle. He wore Ms 
grid medal and canted a bouquet 
of flowers, and he held hands with 
two childr en as die audience ap- 
plauded him around the ice. 

It should have been someone 
rise, you wanted to say, and its a 
exazv thing to gamble so much on a 
few hundredths of a second. As it 
was, as it is, Jansen looked forward 
to the comfort of his wife and their 
■ eight-month-old daughter, Jane, 
who shares the name of Ms de- 
ceased sister. 

“Ijust realty want to do it far my 
famity. fm my wife," be sud. “They 
keep crating over here, and Tm 
supposed to win. It just doesn’t 

^ \ 

They are eyes that make yon 
wish he would just stop trying, for 
bis own sake, He wQl return Friday 
to try one last time, in the 1,000 
meters, winch be is not layered to 
win. No one will blame Jansen if he 
loses. It wnfi be aQ he can do to 
avoid their sympathy. 

Georg Hackl of Germany, the first soto luger to repeat 

“The problem is not a Tack of 
cars but road permits,". said Per 
Soibakken of a Ifllnhan gpe r Ma 

coinpany.“ffyraareIurieycn l QO§h ; 

to get bold of a .cab after an eveptm 
Hamar or Gjovik. it wiH need a 
permit to take you tolifiehatn 111 ^. 
Thirty-five Hamar uhbs. have 1 ^ 
peretsts between them." • 

Bfc Dopa/Tic Ancon] Piw 

as gold medafist, edebrating Ms victory. 

Spectators waiting for fri- 
ers in fte30-knoroeter cross- 
country race to pass were al- 
most lost in the donds of vapor 

caused by their own breath. 

The race was almost postponed 


coarse (dunged to -28 centi- 
grade (-18 Fahrenheit) three 
boors before the start. An In- 
ternational Ski Federation 
jury decided to start the race 00 
time after forecasters ad- 

•‘""r iCVV- 

would push temperatures 
above -20 centigrade, the nriri- 
mnm for cross-country 
races. Am!, forecastes said, the 
temperatures were fikdy to 
rise sfigWy this week — to be- 
tween -10 and -15 centi- 

p hmgmg to -20 to -25 at 

In a repeal of the 1992 Albert- 
ville Games, Prock bad to settle for 
the sQver aym He finished in 
3:21384. earning Austria's first 
medal of these Winter Games. 

Hackl dedicated Ms grid medal 
to Coach Sqm who lost the 
lower part of nis left leg in Decem- 
ber when he was accidentally 
struck in practice by the American 
luger Bethany Calcaterra-McMa- 

“His strength is that be comes up 
with Ms best performances in the 
most important competitions,” 

T <it 7 grid 

“1 got lucky again,” said Hackl, a 
27-year-old Bavarian who began 
sledding at age 10. Given the nar- 
row margin, he added, Prock was 
equally desaving of the gold. 

“After the third run, I knew I 
could still make it because five- 
hundredths is like nothing,” Hackl 
said. “It was like a crime novel, 
there was so much suspense.” 

Prock. who has won every medal 
in luge except Olympic gold, said. 

“I knew that to win 1 would have to 
go aH out, and 1 did. I just made a 
few small mistakes.” 

Thomas Kdhler, competing for 
what was then East Germany, also 
won two luge grids, at the 1964 and 
1968 Games. But Ms medal in 1968 
was in the two-seater event. 

A few minutes after HackJ's tri- 
umph at the 1992 Albertville Olym- 
pics, the Bavarian was downing a 
big glass of his country’s favorite 
drink in a special bierkeUer set up 
by the German team near the bot- 
tom of the track. The team's spon- 
sors have bnQt an even bigger cate 
near the Hunderfossen course this 
time, with traditional Bavarian 
food and drink. 

Hack! was immediately given a 
free ticket to the cate when he ar- 
rived at the Games and at Mon- 
day’s post-race news conference he 
said. “As soon as I have finished 
here I wiH get over there and have a 
beer. Maybe I’ll make it two this 

(AP. Reuters) 

Keeping It Cool: 
Kerrigan, Harding 
And ' the Meeting’ 


By Christine Brennan 

Washington Peal Service 

HAMAR — As Tonya Har- 
ding’s arrival moved one day clos- 
er, an official of the U.S. figure 
skating delegation at the 1994 
Winter Olympic Games said he 
and another team leader had be- 
come liaisons with Harding and 
Nancy Kerrigan to monitor each 
skaters living and skating ar- 
rangements, as well as how each 
feds about the other. 

He also said conversations were 
being held with each woman about 
interacting with the other. 

“We’ve suggested that they ac- 
knowledge each other and then go 
on,” said Dr. Mahlon Bradley, the 
figure skating team leader who is 
Kerrigan’s link to team and Olym- 
pic officials. “I’ve talked to Nancy 
about this throughout, and we’ve 
planned it all out She will handle 
it wdL” 

The two probably will see each 
other for the first time sometime 
before their first shared practice, 
wMch is scheduled to be 1 :25 P.M. 
on Thursday. 

Harding arrives here Wednes- 
day and is not expected 10 practice 
that day, Bradley said. 

“Thursday is the day," he said 
with a slight smfie. 

Harding is under the supervi- 
sion of Gale Tanger, another team 
leader. Tanger has been in contact 
with Harding the past month and 
will pick up the skater at the Oslo 
airport and accompany her to Ha- 
mar, where she wfll live one floor 
above Kerrigan, at opposite ends 
of the Olympic village dormitory, 
Bradley said. 

“I don’t think they’ve discussed 
how to treat Nancy yet, but she is 
picking her up at the airport 311(1 
it’s a coaple-bour trip, so any 
number of subjects can be dis- 
cussed,” he said. 

It is the hope of U.S. figure 
skating officials that Kerrigan and 
Harding have little, if anything, to 
do with each other during the 
week and a half they will overlap 
at the Games. Harding has been 
linked to the Jan. 6 attack that 
severely bruised Kerrigan’s right 
knee, and although she has denied 
any wrongdoing, she did admix to 
knowing about the plot hatched 
by her former husband after the 
fact and to not informing authori- 
ties for a week. 

But it will be impossible to keep 
them entirety apart. They are liv- 
ing in the same budding, the two- 
story, red-brick Toneheim Music 
School dormitory, which is the 
Olympic home for the U.S. figure 
skaters and speed skaters. 

Kerrigan, who arrived Thurs- 
day, is living on the first floor; 
Handing will be on the second. 
Every room is a single, with sever- 
al people to a bathroom, Bradley 
said. Kerrigan and Harding would 
never bump into each other brush- 
ing their teeth, for instance, Brad- 
ley said, because their rooms are 

not dose. 

All the athletes do eat in the 
same cafeteria, however, and 
Bradley said that the only place 
for the U.S. delegation to watch 
television is a lounge in another 
building in the village. Bnt be said 
it was doubtful Kcnigan or Har- 

ding would spend mneb time 

“You’re [in the village] to sleep 
and eat and then you go to work," 
Bradley said. “People hardly nm 
into each other.” 

The two U.S. skaters also share 
the same practice schedule, be- 
cause of a decision by the internar 
tional Skating Union that Kerri- 
gan’s coach has called “absurd." 

The ISU traditionally groups 
skaters in practice according to 
country. Twice U.S. officials have 
asked for the organization to make 
an exception because of the un- 
precedented circumstances sur- 
rounding Kerrigan and Harding; 
twice, they have been turned 

The U.S. Olympic Committee’s 
executive director, Harvey Schil- 
ler, was to meet with International 
Olympic Committee officials on 
Monday to ask them to help make 
a change. No word was available 
on the results of those discussions. 

“We’re expecting that it won’t 
change,” said Bradley, who coinci- 
den tally is the orthopedic surgeon 
who treated Kerrigan after her in- 
jury. “We came in preparing for 
exactly this to happen, and we’ve 
been preparing for it all along.” 

Bout skaters turned down a 
chance to skate at an alternate 
rink in Oslo, which would have 
been an opportunity to avoid one 
another, according to U3. offi- 
cials. But the Olympic rink and a 
training rink next door are larger 
than most rinks and require some 
getting used to, skaters have said. 

Skating practice is not at all like 
an evening performance. The 
scene is chaotic, with as many as 
six different skaters swirling 
around and jumping at the same 
time. Collisions do occur; just last 
month, the U.S. ice dancer Renee 
Roca broke her wrist when she 
and another skater ran into each 
other, forcing her out of the com- 

But most are expecting the two 
to live and practice without inci- 

“I think they 11 play it maturely 
and not cause a scene.” said a 
source who asked to remain anon- 







You con 
to your Home 
or office 
on the day 


Just caK 


or fax: 


Page 20 


How to Cop a Plea 

W ASHINGTON — If figure 
skating is a great spectator 
sport, plea bargaining after smash- 
ing a skater’s leg has become an an. 
Jeff GiUooly. the architect and pay- 
master behind the attempt to do in 
Nancy Kerrigan, was permitted to 
plead guilty to one count of racke- 
teering which guaranteed him a 
maximum of 
two years in 

f irison and a 
ine. In ex- 
change. GiUooly 
promised to rat 
on his ex-wife 
Tonya Harding 
and' make the 
district attorney ggg 
a big man in $8 rjw 
Portland. ' *7 fJ 

The sentence Buchwald 



was a message to the world that if 
you try to harm an Olympic athlete 
you will get six months tn jail and 
the kevs to a new Porsche. 

To understand Gillooly's plea 
bargaining you have to compre- 
hend how some D.A.S work. 

Let's take the case of Lolita 
Bushwhack, who was slated to win 
six medals in speed skating, 

“Three Rogers” Luchese. the 
manager of her rival. Lorelei Tan- 
go, had other ideas. He figured out 
that by eliminating Lolita from the 
competition, he could land a con- 

Berlin Premiere 
Of Film on Mafia 


B ERLIN — A film based on the 
true story of an Italian magis- 
trate killed by the Mafia made its 
world premiere at the 44th Berlin 
film festivaL “II Giudice Ragaz- 
zino" (“Law of Courage”), directed 
by Alessandro di Robilam. will be- 
gin screening in theaters in Italy 
later this month. It is the story of 
Rosario Livadno, who was gunned 
down by the Mafia in 1990. 

European film critics also gave 
rave reviews to “The War Room." a 
documentary film in cinema verite 
style about Bill Clinton's 1992 presi- 
dential campaign, though the film. 
co-directed by DA. Pennebaker 
and his wife, Chris Hegedus. is not 
among the 22 films competing for 
the festival's Golden Bear awards. 

tract for “1 Can’t Believe It's But- 
ler.” He called his team together 
for suggestions. 

Rip Sober said, “Hus is the 
Olympics, and therefore we must 
treat the contest with respect since 
it honors some of the most dedicat- 
ed young men and women in the 
world. We should cut the laws of 
Lolita's skates.” 

Three Fingers said. “It's loo 
complicated. We don’t know what 
ice skates she will be wearing." 

Todo, the bodyguard, suggested, 
“Why don’t we use piano wire?" 

Everyone turned to him in aston- 

“We string up piano wire across 
the rink and when Lolita skates by 
we lift the wire and she goes flying 
into the bleachers and our skater 

Three Fingers smiled. “I like iL 
It's clean, simple and sportsman- 
like. Here’s $25 to buy the wire, but 
don’L tell anyone what it's for.” 

Well, you all read what hap- 
pened after that 

Lolita hit the wore and feU on her 
keisrer, but the judges restarted the 
race because a Swedish skater, Glo- 
ria Swensen, had a false start At 
this point an official discovered the 
wire and noticed Todo bolding one 
end and Three Fingers holding the 


They were both arrested, but 
Todo received a pardon and a 
condo in Mi ami for turning in 
Three Fingers. 

When Three Fingers showed up 
with his lawyer for arraignment, 
the DA. was all business. “HI see 
that you get the gas chamber if you 
don't name names." 

The lawyer said, “What names 
do you want?" 

The DA. replied, “III take any- 
one — Senator Packwood, Michael 
Jackson, Boris Yeltsin." 

The lawyer said. “Suppose we 
give you Three Fingers’ mother?" 

“It's not enough, the DA yells. 

“How about we implicate his 
mother and his last three wives?” 

“Now you’re talking sense. But 
in order to persuade the judge that 
I'm representing the people, can 
you think of anyone else who was 

“Van Clibumr 

“What did he have to do with 

“Nothing, except that we stole 
the wire from his piano." 


Ballet Archaeology: Nijinsky Work Reborn 

By David Stevens 

Iniemmonzl Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — That Vaslav Nijinsky was a 
legendary dancer is a given. That he 
was also an original and prophetic chore- 
ographer is almost a secret, kept by the 
ephemeral nature of dance and toe brevity 
of his creative career — four years, four 
staged dances — cut short by insanity. 

The last of the four, “TO! Eolenspiegd,” 
set to the concentrated score of Richard 
Strauss’ 1895 tone poem, was first per- 
formed in New York and given 23 rimes 
during the five-month coast-to-coast tour 
in 1916-17 of Diaghfiev’s Ballets Russes, a 
fugitive from Europe's war. It reappeared 
for the first rime Wednesday on the stage 
of the Paris Optra — with Patrick Dupond 
in the title role that Nijinsky danced him- 
self — in a scholarly and imaginative re- 
constitution by the team who performed 
the same service for Nijinsky’s “Sacre du 
Printemps” in 1987 for the Joffrey Ballet. 

Millkeat Hodson, an American, is a 
former dancer, a choreographer and dance 
historian. Kenneth Archer is a British art 
historian. In 1979, when Hodson got a 
grant from the National Endowment for 
the Arts to work on “Sacre,” her research 
brought her into contact with Archer, one 
of whose sped a! ties is the work of Nicho- 
las Roerich, the artist and folklorist who 
designed the original “Sacre" of 1913. A 
mutual passion for research focused on the 
“lost" haHeL In the process they married 
in 1982, and now, based in London, they 
run a joint enterprise summed up on their 
letterhead as “Ballet Old and New.” 

As in archaeology, each dig is different 
“Till” and “Sacre" differed in conception 
and execution, and the material Hodson 
and Archer turned up was different 
“For instance," she said, “80 percent of 
the costumes for ‘Sacre’ still existed, but 
none of those for ‘TflL’ " Instead, they had 
many of the sketches and drawings of the 
designer. Robert Edmond Jones, later a 
noted theater designer but then tittle 
known, and many of the costume drawings 

embodied the language of the dance," 
honing posture as well as design. 

Of the two dances, Hodson said. 

“ ‘Sacre' is a ritual symmetrical, and musi- 
cally very systematic. ‘Till’ is more theatri- 
cal. a tragicomedy of manners, with the 
diversity that Nijinsky loved so much. 

“There is no individualizing in ‘Sacre.’ it 
is not a picture of society. In the 17 min- 
utes of Tiir you get a synthesis of what 
you get in a novel, and the geometry of 
: T3T is a complex system of circles and 
dia gonals with Till constantly in motion.” 

Among the most valuable sources of 
information were interviews with two of 
the dancers, Vera Nemchinova, who 
taught in New York until her recent death, 
and Valentina Kashuba, who lives in Ma- 

Jrapai Moan* 

Kenneth Archer (left), MilGcent Hodson and Mynng-Wbnn Clang during rehearsals for tbe Nijmsky program m Paris. 

drid and at 95 is the sole living member of 
tbe original cast Another rich source was 
the large number of detailed newspaper 
reviews and photographs. 

Another is tbe Strauss score itself. The 
composer contemplated an opera based on 
this figure of north German folklore — a 
prankster who ridicules the pretensions of 
feudal high society and is a hero to the 
poor and dispossessed. Instead he ended 
up with a tone poem, about 17 minutes of 
detailed program music for which he help- 
fully supplied a scenario in tbe margins of 
one copy of the score. 

Thai “Till Eulenspiegel" ever got done 
at all was something of a miracle. Ouo 
Kahn, the entre pre neurial board chairman 
of tbe Memipolhan Opera, had in effect 
rented Diaghilev’s company, then ma- 
rooned in wartime Europe. But there was a 
major condition — no Nijinsky, no deal 
Not only had Nijinsky been fired by Dia~ 
ghilev when he married in 1913, but the 
dancer and his wife. Romola, were effec- 
tively prisoners of war in her native Buda- 
pest because he was a Russian national 
During this enforced inactivity Nijinsky 
concaved the ballet apparently in such 
detail that when Strauss offered to make 
any necessary adjustments in the muse, 
Nqinsky said it was not necessary. 

Kahn pulled high-level strings to get 
Nijinsky out, and the dancer arrived in 
time for a spring season at tbe Metropoli- 
tan, after which the company returned to 

Europe. Nijinsky stayed and, among other 
thm y i wonted with Jones on die designs. 
**111?' was put on in October, when the 
company returned, this time without Dia- 
ghilev — probably another idea of Kahn’s, 
protective of Nijinsky. 

Nijinsky had only three weeks to re- 
hearse a dense and complex baBet. Despite 
its brevity, it has 20 principal characters 
and a total cast of about GO. There are 
three general styles of movement and ges- 
ture, representing the three levels of its 
medieval society, bat each character has 
his or her own individualized movement. 

“It lasts only a short while, but there is 
enough movement in it for a three-hour 
ballet," says Hodson. 

At the time Nijmsky was very much into 
Tolstoy and his preachings about democ- 
racy and the ample life, Hodson says. “He 
had a democratic attitude, a democratic 
way of running the company, and he rave 
a lot of responsibility to the dancers while 
keeping narrative control." 

His relationship with the sensitive Jones 
was sometimes stormy. At one point Ni- 
jinsky took a hand in the set painting to 
give the cityscape an element of expres- 
skraisl distortion, in harmony with the 
angular choreography. But later, Nqinsky 

E sd Jones as “a greater colorist" than 
Bakst, the Draghdev Awgnw he 
coold not have in New York. 

It is probably good luck that this “re- 
constructed” work is having its belated 

European premiere here. The Paris Opira 
Ballet is one of the few troapesbig enougb 
to cast such a varied work. Dupond, the 
troupe’s director and male star, gave a 

gram — including Stravinsky's 
troshka” and “Sacre* —enlisted M; 

Whim Chung to conduct his first ballet 
evening ance music director of 

the Optra. r 

How “authentic 0 is die result? The re- 
creaiors are prudent. “There were gaps,” 
says Archer, TDoments when you have to 
intervene in the style of the work” And 
Hodson added, “his not always wrong to 
discover more than may have been there 
originally.’’ ... 

They believe their modes operandi can 
also be applied to crexting new works — 
“It’s about dm animati on of pictorial ref- 
erences,” Hodson says. But they are also 
looking deeper into boned ballet history, 
for instance the Ballets Sa£dois, which • 
flourished in Paris in 1920-25. 

Among the ballets by that company’s 
star and choreographer, Jean BOriinj Hod- 
son mentioned “Spiting Rink,” with mu- 
sic by Arthur Honegger and designs by 
Fernand L&ex; “L’Homme et son d&r,* 

a narhis Kfifhftnri- Panl flandri collabora- 
tion, mud intrignrogly. “Within tire Quo- 
ta," with a symphonic jazz score produced 
by Cole Porter during his “lost genera- 
tion" years in Paris and on the Riviera. 


WtU a Rumor a Day 

The.latesl in an unending suing 
of rumors about a. partial Beatles 
reunion has Paul McCartney, 
George Hannon and Ringo Starr 
reuniting for a concert in Central 
Park, joined by John Lennon’s two 
sous, Jufimi and Sean. A London 
newspaper, Tbe Mai] on Sunday, 
quoting unnamed sources, repeated 
that the three former Beatles were to 
. be paid $30 million each for (be 
concert However, Heray J. Stem, 
the New York city -commissioner of 
paries and reaea&an, knows nothing 
about concert plans. “Beatles re- 
union stories are like Hws sight- 
ings,” Stem said. McCartney, Har- 
rison and Starr, are denying the 
latest reports. . 

'□ ' 

Princess Diana broke her self- 
imposed otilc from public fife to 
make a. brief Valentine's Day visit, 
to a London children’s hospital 
where she opened a new clinical 
wing. . . . James F soman 
Milec,' 30, of Henderson. Nevada, 
who flew to tbe root of Bucking- 
ham Palace in a motorized para- 
chute on Feb. 5 and dropped his 
pants, - was fined £200 ($300) on 
each of three counts by a London 
court Monday and recommended 
for deportation. 

' . - □ 

“A Lesson Before Dying," Eknest 
Gaines’ novel about Mack life in 
Loaisianabefore the civil rights era, 
has won tbe 1993 National Book 
. Critics Cfrde award for most distin- 
guished fiction. Tbe cities' other 
picks included The Land Where 
the Blocs Began” by Alan Lomax 
and “Genet" by Edmond White. 


Polish filmm aker Krzysztof Kies- 
lowski, 52, plans to hang 'Up his 
camera, now that he has finished 
the trilogy “Trots Couteurs: Bleu, 
Bi smr-, Rouge.” according to the 
German weekly Der Spiegel 

Michael Jackson will perform in 
the Feb. 19 “Jackson Family Hon- 
ors” show at the MGM Grand in 
Las Vegas despite ongoing criminal 

allegations, a spokesman said. 



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Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 

JoWFMKl KNd 0 *** 

North America 

The Northeastern United 
States will have a welcome 
brook from stormy weather 
this week. Sunshine and 
above treewig temperatures 
tram New York to Boston wit 
help moft some of the snow 
end ice. San Francisco to 
Portland will have wet 
weather. The southern 
Plains wffl turn aute warn 


Cold weather will continue 
late tho week tram Oslo to 
Kiev. Much at this region wfl 
have (for weather, but tght 
snow Is pc ssi We tram Oslo 
through Ltllehammer 
Wednesday. Heavy tans wil 
■oak southern Italy late In 
the week. London and Parts 
wU have dry. cMBy weather 
Wednesday mto Friday 


Snow will blanket northern 
Japan Wednesday. The rest 
<* Japan wit have dry, cold 
weather Wednesday and 
Thursday. Friday will be 
breezy and milder. Lata #us 
week wfll be dry and mild 
(ram Beijing th rough Seoul. 
Shanghai wiB turn out partly 
sunny. Damp weather will 
linger In Hong Kong. 

Middle East 

Tod*, Ton n i u w 

High Low W Htgli Loo W 


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re/79 17-53 9 77/93 12/53 pe 

Latin America 

Today T o— ro w 

High Low « Weft Low W 

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Gurnee 29*4 23/73 pc ZW Z*fJS pe 

Lkna 25/77 21/70 th 2760 21/70 pc 

UanccOty 21/70 7/44 pc 21/70 7/4* pc 

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sn-snow, iJce. W-Wealhcr. Afl maps, faracaat t and data provided by AeoFWeaBwr. Inc. 5 19W 

Bwxpnk 33/91 

BM»8 «« 

Hong Kong 19/65 

lU 32/89 

NraOrt* 22/71 

SoM 2/35 

Stanpra 11/5? 

a gB»r 29/84 

Taiew 22/71 


Mpn 17.02 11/52 pc 17*2 B <46 pe 

CraoTorai 23/84 re/68 ( 27/80 13/55 pc 

Casa&fancs 15/59 8/48 pc 14/57 7/44 pc 

Knra 23/73 5/41 a 28/82 8/46 pc 

Lagoa 33<91 24/75 * 33/91 27/BP pe 

»tanb 24/75 IZJS3 I 28/82 14/57 pc 

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North America 

Anchorage -8/18 .ri 

Afljrta 18«B4 . 

Scra» lac .; 

Cheap: 4-38 -< 

Dram 15^9 < 

□race 438 4 

tfcrWOu 26/79 21 

Houson 1601 I 

Lea Ai^ra* 23/73 It 

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s Grandson of 


• Biblical 

12 Sheltered, at 

13 Spot for 

i« Carnival ride c/y 
ia Ho. ho. bo" 

is Seems 
IB Hockey's 
Bobby eta). 

20 Blue Eagle 

21 Feasted 

23 "My salad days 
when I was 


30 Favorite dog 

31 Closes in on 

32 The East 

Solution to Puzzle of Feb. 14 

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cioaca asaa aaaaa 

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□□□ □□□ □□□ □□□ 
mnasci aaus aaaa 


□□□□a auaa aaaa 

33 Word in a price 
35 Volcano spew 
as Deli cry 
37 Cause for 

3S Not-so-prized 


40 River inlet 

41 Bucky Dent 
slew It at 
Fenway Park In 

4sZortie portrayer 
4B Tennis can 
47 Sulk angrily 
4S Many Dickens 
stories, originally 

82 Civil War 
se Merit 

57 Nintendo hero 

88 One of the 
88 Sofs problem 
so Jot 

ai Prepares the 
dvmer table 

1 Mexican 


2 Crooked 

3 Maids 

« Moon goddess 

• Bom 

7 Indivisible 
a— Marcos. - 

• Arid region of - 
India • 

10 Chick watch ere 

11 Thus tar 

13 Take with — 

- ofsalt 

14 LitHity employee 
i«lt comes in balls 
17 Bad news at a 

talent show 

21 *Bu8 “ 

(Costner film) 

22 Psyche parts • 

23 Word in a 

24 Extent 
28 National 

2* Tidy up 
27 Teen heartthrob 
2 a UndeSvereble 
fetter, in 
post-office talk 
28 13th-century 

34 Monastery head 
38 D.C. legislator 

G New York Times Edited by Will Shortz. 



38 B Greco's 
“View of ’ 

42 Nothing: Fr. 

43 Pianist Peter 
*4 Part at rock's 


47 Brotherhood . 

48 Comic bir 

48 'I. cannot tail 

so Ultimate 
si Madrid Mmes. 

aa Dropout's 
degree: Abbr, 

83 Status letters, 

84 'Say ' 

SB Dernier 

fe - , 

3 hots. 

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Someone back home would also love to 
hear the sound of your voice. 

Dial direct from Norway with AT&T, just dial 800-190-1 1. 

After j day of cheering, shouting, aching and aafting a: the Olympic Winter 
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Anywhere in Norway, simply diai 8G0-i99-ii. in oiner countries, dial the access 
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t L 4ing til '. 1 1 hart beU/R\ find the country you are calling bum. 

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China, PRC** 

Hong Kong 


Indonesia* . 



Korea? o 



New Zealand 
Rpggfa’ /(Moscow) 



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155-00 -11 

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01- 8004288 


020 - 795-611 

155 - 00-11 



Bofaia’ 0^00-1111 

Bntdl - - 000-8010 

Chile QQo -0312 

Coiombla 980 - 11 - 0010 - 

Costu Rka*. ' 114 

Ediadory . ' 119 

EJSiiIvador» . . ,190 

Guatemala* 190 

Gnyanatr 165 

Honduras^ • • 123 

Meajco<teo . 95-800Hi62-y240 

Wcaragoa 174 

Panama* ■ 109 

Pemt ' ' 191 

Sartaamc ■ 156 

Uruguay - . . 000410 . 

Venezuela*? 80011-120 



B*hain . SOMOl 

Sgypr (Cairo> . 5 MMBOO 

btael 1T7-100-Z727 

Kuw ^ 800-288 

Lehmofl QBtiimy 426-801 

Sjudt Arabijr 1-800-100 . 

Turkey 00*00-13377 


Atgeotma*- ■ - - 001-800-200-iml 

Befae* ' ” • " . 555 

Bertnudaf ; • 
Bimsh V.I, . 
Cayman Islands 

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