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INTERNATIONAL 




PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


** 


London, Thursday, February 17, 1994 


No. 34,514 



OLYMPIC 


PODIUM 


*Koss Wins 1 ,500 Title 

With 2d World Record 

Johann Olav Koss of Norway skated, to ' 
bis second world record Wednesday in 
as many races, becoming tfce first doa- 
ble-gold medalist of these Olympics 
with a victcay ar 1300 meters. -* 
Koss, who broke his own world 
mart in Sunday’s 5,000, bettered the 
record that Riritfe Riisma of the Neth- 
erlands set- on the same ice six weeks 
ago. Riisma, who came, third in the. 
5,000, this time came in second; his 
teammate, Falko Zandstra, was third. 

Italian Uigar Breezes 

Gerda Weissenstetner of Italy won the 
women's luge title. Having faded to get 
a medal by five-tenths of a second two 
years 1 ago m Albertville, France, she 
brokethe back record on her first run, 
then followed with three more breath- 
taking slides to beat Susi Erdmann of 
Germany easily. Andrea Tagwerker of 
Austria won the bronze. ... 

Skiing’s Bumpiest Road 

Jean -Luc Brassard of Canada won die 
men’s title in freestyle moguls skiing.. 
Sergei Shpupletsov of Russia got the 
■diver, with the dethroned champion. 
Edgar Grospiron of France, finishing 
third- v. 

Stine Lise Hattestad of Norway took 
the women’s gold, while Liz McIntyre 
of the United States came in second 
and Elizaveta Kojevnikova of Russia 
was third. The defending champion, 
Donna Weiobrecbt of the United 
States, was a gold medal favorite, but 
finished only seventh. 

Olympic report: Pages 17, IS and 19 



Eric Frfnbaj.-Apnct Fnacr-fttuc 

Tooya Harding arriving Wednesday at the Otynqiic accreditation center in Hamar. She will share practice ice with Nancy Kerrigan. 


Hording Skates Off Thin Ice and Into Norway 


By Jere Longman 

. New York Tima Service - _ ‘ 
HAMAR, Norway — Wffife on her way to 
a speed-skating race, Gunn Karin Lovik 
climbed atop a mound of snow on Wednes- 
day, hoping to get a glimpse of Tonya Har- 
din” arriving at the Olympias, watching a 
made- in -America soap opera jump off the 

vfle refeflmig to the U3. 

television show. 

She was among the estimated 100 photog- 
raphers and reporters, two dazen police ofb- 


.. cars and a handful of 1 
^dishwater sky. tried to shales out the early 
afternoon dnD as they awaited the arrival of 
the last. mo*t infamous U.S. Olympian. 

“I feel for her, she came from a poor 
- family "saidUsc lien, who walked down the 
lull from her house to photograph Harding. 

“1 want Nancy Kmigan to win,” said Nina 
. * RehgUnd, who lives in the village of Hamar, 

hdd. "Tobya is fake. • 

-Harding landed in Oslo on Wednesday 
morning after connecting flights from Port- 
land, Oregon, to Seattle to Copenhagen. She 


was driven two hours north by Olympic offi- 
cials to an accreditation center in Hamar. 
Photographers shoved each other for position 
and jousted verbally with policemen while 
awaiting ber arrival. 

Finally, at 1:30 PAL, a blue Volvo pulled 
up and out stepped Harding. She was escort- 
ed by Paul George; a Boston attorney who is 
figure skating's representative to the UJS. 
Oi^pic Committee, and by Larry Buendorf. 
the USOCs chief of security. 

Inside the accreditation center, Harding, 
the U.S. champion, asked for a cup of coffee, 
signed an autograph for an Olympic worker 


who had already obtained Kerrigan’s, re- 
ceived her credential and left within 15 min- 
utes. 

Wearing her U.S. team jacket, she waved to 
the cameras and said: "I feel great. Fm ready. 
Thanks for coming.” 

She was then whisked off to the athletes’ 
village through a delivery entrance. 

On Thursday, Harding will participate in 
the most anticipated event of the 1994 Winter 
Olympics: practicing with Kerrigan, coming 
face-to-face with her for the first time since 
See HARDING, Page 18 


Arms Turnover Saudis Give 
In Bosnia Is 
ShiggishatBest, 

NATO Warns 


U.S. Adopts Strategy of Uncertainly to Press Japan 


By Thomas L. Friedman 

New. Yerk TtHta Semae 

WASHINGTON — The initiation of U.S. 
trade sanction procedures against Japan for 
protecting its cellular phone market, has 
touched off a new wave of anxiety about a trade 
war —just the reaction Washington appears to 
be uying to generate toga Japan to return to 
the bargaining lable on American terms. 

The announcement on Tuesday of the sanc- 
tions was recorded; to the administration's de- 
light, by scores of journalists and television 
netwotks from around the world. 

That attention fits what appears to be the 
U.S. strategy: to create as roach uncertainty 


and anxiety in Japan as possible about Wash- 
ington’s next moves, in the hope that this will 
drive up the Japanese yen and press Tokyo to 
return to the negotiations on U.S. terms, before 
any more sanctions need be applied. 

The uncertainty has already driven up the 

• NEWS ANALYSIS ~ ~ 

value of the yen against the dollar. Thai poten- 
tially makes all Japanese exports more expen- 
sive — which is the most onerous sanction of all 
because it is tire equivalent of a tariff cm every- 
thing Japan sells in the United States. This, in 
tom, adds to recessionary pressures in the Japa- 


nese economy and eats away at some of the 
stimulus package the Japanese government an- 
nounced last week. 

The Clinton ream would like to avoid a til- 
for-tat trade war with Japan. Such a conflict 
could sour economic relations, hurt American 
consumers, complicate political cooperation 
with Tokyo on crucial issues such as Korea and 
Russia, and possibly undercut the government 
of Prime Minister Morihiro Hosakawa, whom 
President BQi Clinton believes wants to over- 
haul and open Japan’s economy over the long 
run. 

The trick for Washington is to squeeze Japan 
into accepting the U.S. negotiating framework 
without doing irreparable damage to the rela- 


tionship. Hence its current strategy, which 
might be called constructive uncertainty. 

**I think that the administration has conclud- 
ed. correctly, that time works in their favor 
because of the impact of the higher yen on the 
Japanese economy,” said Robert D. Hernia ls. 
vice chairman of Goldman Sachs International. 
That higher yen reduces the competitiveness 
of Japanese exports, boosts their imports and 
squeezes profits. Therefore. I think Washington 
can afford to wait, and lei the yen do Dieir 

See TRADE, Page 5 

Japan's trade srepias with the United States 
rises for the eighth straight month. Page 9. 


By Craig R. Whitney 

,\W York Timer Strike 

NAPLES — NATO military officers respon- 
sible for planning possible air strikes around 
Sarajevo said Wednesday thai United Nations 
troops were **001 making much progress” in 
gaining control of weapons from Serbian forces 
and warned there would be no extension of the 
Sunday night bombing deadline for their re- 
moval. 

A North Atlantic Treaty Organization ulti- 
matum issued after a mortar attack that killed 
68 people in Sarajevo on Feb. 5 ordered tanks, 
artillery pieces, mortars, multiple rocket 
launchers, missiles and anti-aircraft weapons 
within a 20-kilometer 1 12-mile) zone around the 

US. signals it would accept a compromise on 
Serbian guns. • UN still cannot tefl who fired 
devastating Sarajevo mortar. Page 5. 

city center to be placed under United Nations 
control or be moved beyond the limits. 

Officers at the NATO command here said 
that planning was proceeding for air strikes lo 
begin unless the Bosnian Serbian forces that 
have used the weapons to impose a siege on the 
Muslim population in Sarajevo complied with 
the demand. 

The number of Serbian weapons pulled mu 
of the exclusion zone so far was not revealed. 
But allied officers said that the LIN commander 
in Sarajevo, a British lieu ten am general. Sir 
Michael Rose, had been hampered by not hav- 
ing enough troops on the ground to handle the 
hundreds or weapons if they were placed under 
his control. 

General Rose has asked the UN to send him 
several thousand additional troops, but mem- 
ber states have responded coolly to the request 

France and Britain together have more than 
8.000 troops in the Balkans. The United States 
has said it would send ground forces Into Bos- 
nia only as pan of an international peacekeep- 
ing force after the warring parties slop fighting. 

“If they don’t make progress, there's ao ex- 
tension of the deadline," one officer said. 
NATO set that for 1 A_M. Monday. Sarajevo 
lime fmidnighi GMT) and authorized Admiral 
Jeremy M. Boorda. the .American naval officer 
who commands NATO forces in southern Eu- 
rope. to launch air strikes if the UN asks him to 
after that time. 

The targets could indude not only isolated 
artillery pieces, tanks and mortars »n 'he u.vwU 
and hills around Sarajevo but also arms depots 
and bases used to support them, according to 
officers in Naples. The ultimatum also requires 
Bosnian government weapons within the zone 
to be put under UN control by the deadline. 

The air forces at Admiral Boorda's disposal 
now include about 150 attack aircraft from the 
United States, France. Britain and the Nether- 
lands as well as support planes from Spain and 
Turkey. 

The first attacks would probably be aimed at 
sites where Serbian anti-aircraft weapons were 
known to be. NATO combat support planes 
would also be available to provide air cover for 
General Rose’s forces on the ground if the 
Serbs retaliated against them for the air strikes, 
officials said. 

NATO officials in Naples and at the alli- 
ance's headquarters in Brussels minimized dif- 
ferences between General Rose and Admiral 
Boorda over what would constitute UN control 
of weapons remaining within the zone. 

The two men conferred by telephone 
Wednesday morning, one officer said. “They 
agreed that the UN must have the weapon, that 
it cannot be fired, and that those who turned it 
over would have to fight to get it back.” 


Entire Order 
For Planes to 
2 U.S. Firms 


CUntonrLed Pitch Shuts 
Airbus Out of $6 Billion 
Deal for 50 Aircraft 


By Richard M. Weintraub 

Washington Past Serriee 

WASHINGTON — Saudi Arabia 


said 


Wednesday that it would buy 50 commercial 
ingCti 

las Corp.. giving U.S. manufacturers 100 per- 


jets from the Bofeing Co. and McDonnell Doug- 


De Klerk and Mandela Offer 
Key Concessions to Separatists 


By Paul Taylor 

Washington Past Serricr 

JOHANNESBURG — In a bid to stave off 
the growing threat of ethnic violence during 
South Africa’s first democratic election cam- 
paign, the government and die African Nation- 
al Congress proposed a sweeping package of 
amendments Wednesday to die country’s inter- 
im constitution. 

The concessions, designed to hire boycotting 
black and white separatist parties mto the Apnf 
election, will strengthen the powers- of regions 
in the new South Africa. They also offer a 
constitutional pledge to consider, .though not 
- necessity to accommodate, the aspirations ol 
Afrikaners, Zulus and any other ethnic Woe m 
the country for their own ethnic slate. 

; Nelson Maadela.'preadenl of the ANC, said 


-he hoped the proposals would “remove all the 
obstacles” to election participation by a group 
of white right extremists ana blade homeland 
leaders known as the Freedom Alliance. 

But he also had a warning for any election 
spoflerK “We wish to issue a solemn reminder 
to those . who think that they can use force to 



. will to use their power 

tempts." he said. 

An hour after Mr. Mandela’s offer. President 
Frederik W. de Klerk called a press conference 
jo explain that the package of proposals repre- 
sented a belated ANC endorsement of a gov- 
ernment compromise plan that had been placed 

. See BOYCOTT, PSge 5 ., 


Kiosk 



JERUSALEM (AFP) — A Katyusha 
rocket fired from South Lebanon exploded 
m northern Israel on Wednesday, darning 
a building, but there were no casualties, 
correspondents in the region wpp*j»v; ■ 

It was the first such rocket attack on the 


Galilee region of northern .Israel since the 
Israeli Army’s offensive in South Lebanon 
io July, t annebMl in retaliation for rocket 
Strikes. Preliminary investigations indicated 
the rocket was fired by “Palestinian de- 
ments,” the sources said. 


ItoaKh/Sctenc* 

Tbe AIDS epidemic lias passed its 
San Francisco, dly officials say. 


Newsstand Prices, 


Bahrain ...tL8Q0 Din . 

Cyprus c.sl.00 Ntee™.50.00 Jteiro 

SSS^eS®.- 

Gibraltar. — .£0.85 R^[reTm^lR£ , 1.00 

Great BritctiafO^S Arabia 9.00 R 

I- Egypt E.P.5QM South Africa —.ft 6 

Jordan UAE ^^ASODIrtj 

Kenya ....K. SH. «D U.S. Mil- 
Kuwait-..-. 500 FilS Zimbabwe.. SrnS2U0 : 


- Book Review . 
Bridge 
Crossword 



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• • . • _ 


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1.7238 

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: Pound 

1.4755 

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5-8675 

5.8338 



Ljorat RrfeowyTtor Araxutal ftrss 

£2deriy residents of Sarajevo fining 19 on Wednesday for a meal of soiqi, bread and cocoa cooked by Red Cross wwkere at an aid center. 


cent of an order for replacing planes in the fleet 
of Saudia. the kingdom's airline. 

The commitment, worth as much as S6 bil- 
lion, was announced by Saudi Arabia's ambas- 
sador lo the United States. Prince Bandar ibn 
Sultan, in a White House news conference, 
underscoring the U.S. political weight thrown 
behind the rale. 

President Bill Clinton said the deal was the 
culmination of a “sustained effort*' by top gov- 
ernment officials working closely with private 
industry. 

Commerce Secretary Ronald H. Brown was 
less restrained, saying the government had 
“broken the shackles on the role of govern- 
ment'' in support of the foreign trade interests 
of U.S. manufacturers. 

Mr. Brown added that there was intense 
competition m another trade arena — the 54 
billion upgrade of the Saudi telecommunication 
system currently up for grabs. He said he ex- 
pected an announcement on the deal late next 
month. 

In making the announcement. Prince Bandar 
called the U ruled States “the only superpower 
in the world." adding that it was “not a tough 
decision lo buy American products, because 
American products are superior." 

The forum for the announcement struck a 
chord with Airbus Industrie, the European air- 
craft consortium, which has been accused by 
the United Slates of benefiting from unfair 
government subsidies. 

“It’s an unprecedented way to announce an 
airplane deal," said David Venz. an Airbus 
spokesman. “It ought to pui the slam-dunk on 
any charges of unfair government support for 
Airbus. When you’ve got the most powerful 
people in ibe U.S. government out there, it's 
hard to compete against that.” 

Saudi Arabia iniiiallY indicated interest in 
buying 60 to 65 aircraft, so Wednesday’s an- 
nouncement of plans lo buy 50 left open the 
possibility that ibe kingdom may enlarge its 
fleet later. That could leave an opening for 
Airbus, industry analysts said. 

The commitment buttresses Boeing’s posi- 
tion as the world’s premier manufacturer of 
commercial aircraft and gives McDonnell 
Douglas's Douglas Aircraft Division a new 
lease on life. Boeing has just over 60 percent of 
the world market Airbus just under 30 percent 
and Douglas about 10 percent 

All three manufacturers saw declines in their 
backlog of orders last year. 

Government officials and top executives 
from Boeing and McDonnell Douglas said hun- 
dreds of high-paying jobs at major aircraft 
manufacturers were riding on the Saudi deci- 
sion. 

The government has been particularly con- 
cerned about the future of Douglas Aircraft 
which is based in Long Beach. California, an 
area important both economically and politi- 
cally. 

The deal also should jet engine manufactur- 
ers such as United Technologies Inc.’s Prau & 
Whitney division and General Electric Co. 

Chairman Frank Shrontz of Boeing and 
Chairman John McDonnell of McDonnell 
Douglas praised the Saudi decision in brief 
remarks after Prince Bandar's announcement 

{Tome Williams, a McDonnell Douglas 
spokesman, said it remained to be seen precise- 
ly how many jobs the deal might generate, but 
he agreed it was a real economic boost for the 
industry. Reuters reported. 

“The news is a great shot in the aim for us 
since it will increase the firm order backlog of 
commercial aircraft and helps us through this 
time of very low aircraft buys in the United 
Slates and keeps a momentum going that Mc- 
Donnell has had in the past year,” Mr. Williams 
said. "It certainly is just a tremendous stabilizer 
for the aerospace industry."] 

Vice President Ai Gore, who already was on 
the West Coast, attended hastily arranged 
meetings with workers at Douglas Aircraft and 
at Boeing's main manufacturing facilities in 
Seattle. 

Industry sources said the Saudis want to 
retire older Boeing 737s, Lockheed L- JOI Is and 
Boeing 747s from Saudia's fleet. This opens. the 
way for the purchase of small, medium-sized 
and larger planes. 

McDonnell Douglas' MD-90. a new 1 50-sea 1 
plane, is believed to have the inside track to 
replace the smaller planes and the Boeing 747- 
400 the edge for replacing larger aircraft. 

There is a question mark in the middle range, 
where the McDonnell Douglas MD-IL the 
Boeing 767 and the Boeing 777, another new 
plane, are in the running. 


Law-Abiding Canada Becomes Nation of Tax Cheats 

By Anne Swardson 

Washington Past Settee 

TORONTO — In Canada these days, cash is king 
A young Hairdresser who works out of her home cuts her 
prices for cash-paying customers. When she buys supplies, she 
pays less if she uses cash. When shopping for a new purse or 
. piece of clothing, rile always asks for a cash discount, and 
nearly always gets it. Even her accountant gets paid in cash. 

The hairdresser's mother redid her kitchen recently and paid 
re contractor in cash. He charged half the set price. The 


Government officials and experts say they fear that Cana- 
da’s underground economy is getting out of hand. Once 
considered one of the most law-abiding peoples in the devel- 
oped world, Canadians now flout the rules in dozens of ways 
daily. Their purpose is to evade taxes, but the effect of their 
actions may be to enhance already rising distrust in govern- 
ment and laws. 


mother buys all her cigarettes and liquor from friends or 
friends ofTricnds; the goods are smuggled in from the United 
Stales. 

Needless to say, the Canadian government collects ao taxes. 
<m any of these transactions, depriving it of an estimated 1 1 
billion Canadian dollars 1$15 billion) a year in revenue. 


long recession has denied that trust, Canadians' defiance takes 
the form of individual actions, not mass protest 

“I interpret it as a form of tax revolt," said Ted CarmichaeL 
senior economist with the brokerage firm Bums Fry Ltd. of 
Toronto. “Rather than marching on Parliament Hill in Ottawa 
or throwing tea in Boston Harbor, Canadians are just finding 
ways to get a break and then taking full advantage." 

“•nte underground eeonomy ts noi Canada’s new Liberal Party government has promised to 
Minister Paul Martin said after taking office m November. It crac ^ on activities. The revenue minis- 

ter. David Anderson, said that “Canadians are just finding 
ways to get a break and then taking full advantage." 

He wants lo put miscreants — especially lawyers, accoun- 
tants and other professionals —in jaO. With Canada’s budget 
deficit proportionally one of the largest among industrial 


is hundreds of thousands of otherwise honest people who nave 
withdrawn their consent to be governed, who have lost faith in 
government." 

To say that Canadians have lost faith in government is to say 
the nation has lost some of its essential character. Canada long 
has rdied on government to settle the West. 10 mediate 
disputes, IQ provide for the general welfare. Even now that a 


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See CANADA, Page 5 






Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBINE, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


Accord With Israel or Not , Arafat Is a Man of Sorrows 


* . 


WORLD BRIEFS 


By Chris Hedges 

_ '**•' }'«* Tima Smne 

cn&is so severe he can no longer pav salaries and by 
ouiKutties in the negotiations with Israel, says be is 
Sbuggiwg now to keep his rancorous movement from 
disintegrating even before it takes control of the Gaza 
otnp and the West Bank town of Jericho. 

The Israeli government is not in a hurry to imple- 
mntt this agreement." he said “but this is a dangerous 
policy that could backfire." 

The 64-year-old guerrilla leader, his eyes waierv and 
red with fatigue, said he had lurched from one disap- 
pointment to the next since signing the accord with 
Pnme Minister Yitzhak Rabin in Washington in Sep- 
tember. The agreement should hare led to Israeli 
withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and Jericho by Dec. 
13. but the withdrawal is still being negotiated' 

Mr. Arafat spoke about his difficulties as he sal. 
well after midnight in his office in Tunis, slumped 
forward in a gray swivel chair. Most of Tunis, where he 
has Ws headquarters on a quiet, tree-lined street that is 
heavily guarded, had gone io bed. 

The Palestine Liberation Organization's chairman 
pinned much of the blame for the delav on what he 
called American passivity. 


"We asked the Americans to play a positive role " 
he said. “We asked them not to leave w> alone with the 
Israelis. Bui the Americans have not intervened to 
make sure that what was signed in Washington, under 
the auspices of President Clinton, is implemented." 

Mr. Arafat, a pistol strapped to his right hip and a 
compact black machine gun tucked behind his desk, 
said Prime Minister Rabin was correct when he cau- 
tioned that negotiations were at least a month away 
from being concluded. To make his point, he leafed 
through (he papers on his desk until he found the 
Cairo Document. He and Foreign Minister Simon 
Peres or Israel signed the document on Feb. 9. and it 
was heralded as a breakthrough. But. in his first public 
comments on it. the Palestinian leader could see only 
problems. 

“The size of the security force and the police force 
are still one of the problems which have not been 
settled." he said. “The size of the Jericho area has not 
been settled. We have not determined the size of the 
security zones around the Jewish settlements or the 
differences between the bridges that cross the Jordan 
River and the border crossing with Egypt at Rafa. 

“The Israelis want to control a depth of two to ihree 
kilometers along the Jordan River for the interim seif- 


rule. Then: are problems concerning the administra- 
tion. security and the liaison bureaus." 

But what seemed to bother Mr. Arafat most was not 
the struggle to reach an agreement with the Israelis, 
but the struggle to keep the Palestinians from tearing 
themselves apart in internecine warfare. 

He said his organization was in trouble, wracked 
not only by dissension but also by a serious lack of 
money. The hundreds of millions of dollars the PLO 
chief once lavishly spent to cement alliances, run 
Palestinian missions in most European and Arab capi- 
tals. and keep dissidents mollified have dried up. 

The financial crisis was triggered when the Gulf 
states ended their huge contributions to the PLO 
because of Mr. Arafat's sympathy for Iraq during the 
Gulf War. 

Mr. Arafat, who once oversaw one of the world's 
best-endowed guerrilla movements, says be now has to 
plead for money. He said that SaudiArabia, after a 
recent reconciliation, had promised $100 million, but 
that none of it had yet arrived. Western donors also 
promised hundreds of millions of dollars once the self- 
rule begins. But for now the PLO is broke. 

"If I could just get $50 million it would solve so 
many of my problems," he said 

Mr. Arafat, who has been criticized bv manv Pales- 


tinians. even within his own movement, for being too 
autocratic, paused several rimes to address the loss of 
his chief lieutenants, such as Khalil Wazir. known as 
Abu Jihad, and Salah Khalaf. known as Abu lyad. 
Abu Jihad was killed in 1983 by agents believed to be 
from the Israeli Intelligence Service, and Abu lyad 
was murdered in 1991 by gunmen believed to be in the 
service of the Palestinian terrorist Abu NidaL 

The deaths of many of his contemporaries have left 
Mr. Arafat isolated and have placed greater burdens 
on him, his aides said. Only two or three original 
founders of the movement remain alive. 

“I could hold a quorum of my executive committee 
in Heaven.” he said. “There are so many we have lost. 
1 1 martyrs so far." 

The threat of assassination is never far from the 
minds of members of his security detail who hovered 
in the room and stood outride the door of bis office, 
which is filled with huge color pictures of Jerusalem. 

Black- uniformed troops, under the glare of flood- 
lights, patrolled the streets. in front of the modest 
stucco house where Mr. Arafat lives and works. The 
street was barricaded at each end. 

“What we fear most is not these dissident groups." 
said one senior official “but some crazy Palestinian 
with a gun.” 


West Keeps Heat 
On North Koreans 

2 Suspect Plants Remain 
In Contention Despite Accord 


Reuters 

VIENNA — The International 
Atomic Energy Agency said 
Wednesday that the new agreement 
with North Korea was only a first 
step in checking nuclear plants 
there and that the agency would 
not abandon efforts to visit two 
suspect atomic sites. 

U.S. Officer 
Gtes Rising 
Risk of War 

Roam 

PRINCETON. New Jersey - 
The possibility of Russian expan- 
sionism or North Korean nuclear 
aggression could soon ignite (he 
next major global conflict, accord- 
ing to the deputy commander in 
chief of U.S. forces in the Pacific. 

“Korea i< a tinderbox. I believe 


(hat the window of danger will con- 
tinue to increase oxer the next two 
years." said Lieutenant General 
Harold Fields in a speech at Prince- 
ion University. 

“If l were president. I would ad- 
vocate telling North Korea 'If you 
ever use nuclear weapons, you will 
cease to remain os an organized 
country or nation.' " General 
Fields said. 

The best wav to neutralize North 
Korea's nuclear capability is not 
surgical strikes or embargoes, but 
isolation from the international 
community and the threat of mas- 
sive retaliation in the event of a 
nuclear strike, he said Tuesday, 
adding rhai the danger on the pen- 
insula was heightened by the prom- 
ise of President Kim 11 Sung of 
North Korea to reunite Korea bv 
1995. 

General Fields also expressed 
concern that the Pacific Rim region 
could face destabilization if the 
Russian extreme nationalist. Vladi- 
mir V Zhirinovsky, gained control 
in Moscow. 

"We should take him seriously." 
the general said. "People of that ilk 
have a disturbing history of saying 
something that we all think is out- 
rageous and then doing exactly 
that. He renunds me of a man in 
Germans in the WJUs.” 


“This is just a first step hut we 
are not in the country yeL" a 
spokesman said. “The inspectors 
will report back on whether there is 
any evidence that nuclear material 
has been diverted in the past year." 

The spokesman said inspectors 
were ready to flv to Pyongyang as 
soon as visas were issued. They 
could leave as soon as Sunday. 

He said it could take dozens of 
inspection visits before the Interna- 
tional Atomic Energy Agency 
could assure the international com- 
munity that North Korea is com- 
plying fully with nuclear safe- 
guards agreements. 

The Onited Stales and other 
Western nations have grown suspi- 
cious about two sites at Yongbyon. 
where North Korea is suspected of 
hiding materials to develop a nucle- 
ar bomb. 

As for the wo suspect plants, the 
spokesman said: "We touched on 
that during our talks with the 
North Koreans and we simply said 
we would hope to come hack to the 
subject at a future round of consul- 
tations." 

Progress on fuller inspections, 
and ultimately on gaining access to 
Yongbyon plants, may be linked to 
the successful outcome or talks be- 
tween Pyongyang and Washington. 

North Korea ended a yearlong 
stalemate with the atomic energy- 
agency. the UN's nuclear watch- 
dog, on Tuesday by agreeing to lei 
inspectors visit seven declared nu- 
clear sites. 

But the deal, welcomed by the 
United Stales. South Korea and 
Japan, made no reference to the 
two suspected sites. 

"We are not going to give up on 
that issue and neither are the 
Americans." a senior atomic agen- 
cy official said. "That is a key de- 
ment io really filling out our 
know ledge of what is going on." 

Queen Elizabeth Plans 
Slate Visit to Russia 

Rt-uter\ 

MOSCOW — Queen Elizabeth 
II is to pay a state visit t«» Russia 
this year. British officials said 
Wednesday. 

It will he the first time a reigning 
British monarch has been to Russia 
since the Bolshevik Revolution in 
1917. No date for the vi-sii was 
announced. 



s f* 

Tower WWy* Apart FrakePitw 


ON THE MOVE IN KABUL — Chilians taking advantage of a brief loll in fighting Wednesday to flee front-lme areas of Kabid 
for safer districts of the capitaL Although a cease-fire has been declared, dozens of rockets hit the dty Wednesday, trifling 13. 


2 in Zhirinovsky Party 
Quit, Citing Ideology 


The -lu» ir.iliii 

MOSCOW — Two lop members 
of Vladimir V. Zhirinovsky’s ultra- 
naiionalist party quit its parlia- 
mentary faction Wednesday, citing 
ideological differences wiih their 
leader. 

One of the defectors. Viktor Ko- 
beiev. au.-u.Ncd Mr. Zhirinovsky of 
alienating Russia's allies and 
usurping power in ihe Liberal 
Democratic Party, which got the 
most voles in the December parlia- 
mentary elections. 

The defections mark the emer- 
gence of a rift between Mr. Zhirin- 
ovsky and moderate members of 
the party who are opposed to his 
extreme nationalism and his heavy- 
handed approach to Russia's prob- 
lems. 

Late last year. Andrei Zavidia. 
who was Mr. Zhirinovsky's run- 
ning male in ihe l**91 presidential 
elections and who helped finance 
his campaigns, also broke away, 
saying he did not agree with Mr. 


Zhirinovsky’s “fascist views" or at- 
tempts to "impose dictatorship" 
within the party. 

Mr. Kobelev and an associate. 
Alexander Pronin, appeared to be 
deserting Mr. Zhirinovsky on simi- 
lar grounds. 

“We are quitting for purely ideo- 
logical reasons." said Mr. Kobelev. 
the organizer of Mr. Zhirinovsky’s 
campaign in the December elu- 
tions and the No. 2 man in the 
party. 

“I oppose the policy our leader 
has pursued over the past few 
months." he said. “We ought to 
stick by the platform that gained us 
nearly 115 million votes." 

In the elections. Russia's voters 
cost more ballots for Mr. Zhirin- 
ovsky’s party than for any other 
group. But the vote was largely seen 
more as a protest against the eco- 
nomic policies of President Boris 
N. Yeltsin than as an endorsement 
of Mr. Zhirinovskv. 


U.K. Motorist 
Gets Road Kill 

Return 

LONDON — A British mo- 
torist. prosecuted under the 
Game Act of 1831 Tor killing a 
pheasant by running over it on 
a Sunday, has escaped a fine 
because cars did not exist 
when the act was passed. 

A court 01 Lymingion tn the 
south dismissed the case 
against Jason Cooper. 19. who 
allegedly picked up the bird 
after deliberately swerving to 
kill it. the Daily Telegraph re- 
ported Wednesday. 

The act makes it an offense 
“lo use any dog. gun. net or 
other engine or instrument for 
the purpose of killing or taking 
any game- on Sunday or 
Christmas Day." 

The court agreed with Mr. 
Cooper's lawyer, who said: 
“Items covered in a law have 
to he in common parlance on 
the day after it is passed. 
Clearly. Ford Escorts could 
not be included." 


Cardinal Francois Marty, 89, Dies in Train Crash 


Hu tuiNia.Ti. /"mi 

VILLEIRAN'CHE - DE ■ 
ROUERGUE. France — Cardinal 
Francois Manx. SR the former 
archbishop of Pans. »a» killed 
Wednesday when a pa»enscr train 
struck his car. 

The churchman was on the 
tracks in his Citroen 2 CY. a flimsy 
model no longer in production, 
when the barner arms came down 
as the train approached, rescue 
workers said. The collision 
knocked and dragged ihe car about 
IU0 meters. None of the 200 train 

passengers w j> injured. 

Cardinal Marty was alone and at 
the wheel on the way to visit hi* 
sister for lunch. H was unclear 
whether the vehicle stalled, or if he 
had been taken ilL 


The accident occurred near this 
town NIO kilometers (375 miles) 
southwest of Pans, where he lived 
ji a Dominican convent since retir- 
ing in 1981 after 12 years. Another 
sister is a nun there. 

The car he was driving was of- 
fered to him by the priesis of Pans 
when he retired. 

Often compared to Pope John 
Will for his humble background 
and simplicity. Cardinal Many em- 
phasised throughout his career the 
need to involve the community in 
the church and to win hack disaf- 
fected rural and urban workers. 

During the Vatican II Council in 
the l9Wls. which greatly reformed 
church practice. Pope John XXIII 
charged him with a report on teach- 


ing the Gospel in a wav acceptable 
to Ihe working class. 

The cardinal headed the coun- 
cil's important Commission on the 
Life and Ministry of Priests. He 
also served on the Nonbelievers 
Secretariat and Commission to Re- 
vise Canon Law. 

Christopher Larch, Wrote 
‘Culture of Narcissism' 

'W Yifi Tnnei Sertitr 

Christopher Lasdt. hi. the au- 
thor of "The Culture of Narcis- 
sism." “The Minimal Seir and 
other boi^Ls on modern culture, 
died Monday in Pitisford, New 
York of cancer. 

in his books and essays. Mr. 
Lasch offered a leftist analvsis of 


industrial capitalism and its effects 
on American politics, social ar- 
rangements. modes of thought and 
personal psychology. 

As a counterpoise to the alien- 
ation and despair he saw as perva- 
sive in American life, he proposed 
community, family and self-disci- 
pline. “The Culture of Narcissism" 
was his best -known work. It was on 
the bcsi-sdlcr list for seven weeks 
in 1979. in it he described postwar 
America as a society of dangerous- 
ly self-absorbed individuals. 

President Jimmy Carter asked 
him for advice on a speech, deliv- 
ered in July 1979. on the nation's 
"crisis of confidence." It became 
known as the "national malaise" 
speech. 


Robert Sbetrod. 85. an author of 
books on World War II who had 
been the editor of The Saturday- 
Evening Post and a w ar correspon- 
dent, died Sunday in Washington 
of emphysema. 

Pietro Beflnsdn, 94. a modernist 
architect whose career began with a 
series of degeant structures in the 
Pacific Northwest and went on to 
include skyscrapers such as the Pan 
A m Building in New York City and 
the Bank of America in San Fran- 
cisco, died Monday in Portland. 
Oregon. 

Robert Bloom. $5. a composer 
and oboist who performed with the 
Philadelphia Orchestra, the Roch- 
ester Philharmonic and the NBC 
Orchestra in New York, died Sun- 
day in Cincinnati. 


Swiss lo Appeal Release of 2 Iranians 

ZURICH (Reuters) — Switzerland said Wednesday it would appeal w 
a French court over France's decision to send home two Iranians wanted 
by Bern on suspicion of murder. 

Switzerland sought the two men in connection with the 1990 murder tn 
Geneva of an Iranian dissident. Kazem Rajavi. brother of Massoud 
Rajavi, who heads Iran's Iraqi-based Mujahidin Khalq guerrilla move- 
ment. . 

The two. whose extradition to Switzerland had been authorized by a 
French conn, were released from prison in France and flown to Iran in 
December. “The Federal Council bas decided to appeal to the Coosa l 
d'Et&t, the highest administrative court in France." the gpveraraait .said. 
"The explanation given by France for their decision in this mat ter is in the 
government's view unsatisfactory and rite reasons given both insufficient 
and tardy" France invoked national interest to withhold i 


for the men's release. 


[any explanation 


UJL’s Tunnel-Terrorist Penalties 

LONDON (Reuters) — Britain announced Wednesday that life 
prison sentences are in store for anyone who attacks or tries to 
disrupt the new Channel Tunnel. 

Transport Minister Roger Freeman told Parliament that the 
government warned to make the tunnel dne to open in May. at least 
as secure as a British airport. Parliament approved the Channel 
Tunnel security measure, introducing life sentences for hijacking, 
seizing control of the tunneL destroying or damaging trains or the 
tunnel itself, and endangering tunnel safety by making threats. 

An opposition Labor Party transportation spokesman. Frank 
Dobson, said many people feared that the tunnel would be a prime 
target for guerrillas, m particular the Irish Republican Army. 


Opposition Parly 
Gains Support in 
German Survey 

Reuters 

BONN — Support for Germa- 
ny's opposition Social Democrats 
has risen above 40 percent in an 
opinion poll while extremist groups 
are losing ground, the Ailensbach 
polling Insutute reports. 

The poll, published Wednesday 
in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zei- 
tung. showed support for the Social 
Democrats at 40.9 percent against 
35. 1 percent for Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl’s Christian Democrats. 

The number of people who said 
they would vote for the far-right 
Rcpublkans dropped to 2.7 per- 
cent tn January from 4.6 percent in 
December, and support for East 
Germany’s former communists fell 
to 3.4 percent from 5.3 percent. 

“The trend in favor of small par- 
ties and protest groupings is bro- 
ken for the moment." aspokesman 
for the Ailensbach Institute said. 

Germany will hold a general 
election Ocl 16. 


Dachau to Ban 
Mickey Mouse 

Roden 

MUNICH — The mayor of the 
Bavarian city of Dachau has 
banned Mickey Mouse and other 
American emblems from fair- 
grounds. he announced in a letter 
to the Bavarian showmen’s society 
made public Wednesday. 

“Why in the world do Bavarian 
and German fairground entertain- 
ers find it necessary to decorate 
their worthy and highly valued 
businesses with these stupid and 
tasteless decorations and names?" 
Mayor Lorenz Reilmder asked in 
the letter. 

Dachau, the site of a Nazi con- 
centration camp, will no longer tol- 
erate fairground rides bearing such 
“idiotic" slpgans and designs, Mr. 
Reitmeier said. 


Rebels Held After Fitting in Haiti 

MIAMI (Reuters) — Haitian soldiers arrested a dozen people and 
burned several homes after fighting between troops and whaL they 
believed to be a group of armed rebels, a Miami newspaper reported 
Wednesday. 

The skirmish between soldiers and the apparent rebels who support the 
deposed president. Jean-Bertrand Aristide, occurred Feb. 3 in mountains 
outside the provincial town of Les Cayes. according to sources inter- 
viewed by the Miami Herald. The dash would be the first sign of armed 
opposition since a military coup deposed Father Aristide in 1991. 

The incident began when an army unit in the mountains came upon an 
apparent group of armed rebels hiding in a cave, according to several 
soldiers, a government official and a peasant interviewed by the newspa- 
per. The rebels opened fire on the soldiers and escaped. There were no 
injuries. Soldiers later arrested and beat a dozen people, then set fire to at 
least eight homes of suspected collaborators in a nearby village, the 
newspaper said. 

Correction 

In an article on the CSS Alabama in Wednesday's editions, the date of 
the ship’s sinking was mistyped. The battle occurred in 1864. 


TRAVEL UPDATE 
Southwest Air Is Top U.S. Performer 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Southwest Airlines W3S the top on-time 
performer last year of U.S. airlines. Final Transportation Department 
figures for 1993 show that Southwest completed 89.7 percent of flights on 
time, which is defined as within 1 5 minutes of the scheduled arrival time. 

Northwest finished in second place at 85.9 percent, closely followed by 
America West’s 85 5 percent performance. Others ranked' were Alaska 
Airlines. 84.4 percent on time; USAir. 82.9 percent; TWa. 816 percent: 
American, 80.8 percent; Continental. 79.0 percent; United. 78.5 percent, 
and Delta. 76.7 percent. 

The renewal of beach quality standards in Europe~waTurged Wednes- 
day by the European Commission, despite pressure from Britain to relax 
laws on water purity. Experts acknowledged that Brussels was wrangling 
with London over the standard of water at about six swimming zones but 
said there’ was no reason to soften the rules. f Reuters* 

Americans were waned against trarefing to Angola because of the civil 
war. ‘Travel within Angola is extremely unsafe because of the presence of 
armed troops, roadside bandits and unexploded land mines." a travel 
warning by the State Department said. It also prohibits U.S. personnel 
from traveling by road outside the capital Luanda. (AFP) 

A Moroccan federation of tmions plans a 24-boar strike Feb. 25 over the 
government's refusal to take part in talks. A similar strike in December 
1990 caused riots in several cities in which at least 43 people were killed. 

(Reuters l 


Athens Curtails 
Macedonia Trade 


By Paul Anastasi 

Vot York Times Sernee 

ATHENS — Prime Minister An- 
dreas Papandreou announced 
Wednesday that he was banning 
international commercial transac- 
tions conducted through Greece 
with the former Yugoslav republic 
of Macedonia, with the exception 
of food and medical supplies. 

Mr. Papandreou was reacting 
angrily to what he described as 
Western encouragement of Mac- 
edonia’s refusal to make conces- 
sions in a dispute over the repub- 
lic's name and related issues. He 
also announced the closure of 
Greece's consulate in Skopje, the 
young republic’s capital. 

“The Greek government has de- 
ckled to suspend the activities of its 
consulate in Skopje and the suspen- 
sion of goods to and from Skopje 
through the port of Salon ica. ex- 
cepting those that are absolutely 
necessary for humanitarian rea- 
sons, such as food and medicines." 
he said. 

The decision is likely to cause 
considerable hardship for the land- 
locked republic, which receives 85 
percent of its fuel and most of its 
raw materials through Greece. 

The Grade move, apart from 
putting pressure on Skopje, was 
also a reaction against recognition 


of the republic last week by the 
United Slates and Australia and 
against the growing support ex- 
pressed by member states of the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion and the European Union. 

Greece currently holds the six- 
month EU rotating presidency, so 
its move was certain to cause 'fric- 
tion with its partners in the 12- 
raember trade bloc. Six EU mem- 
bers have already extended 
diplomatic recognition to “The 
Former Yugoslav Republic of 
Macedonia." as the country was 
temporarily named when it was ad- 
mitted to (he LIN General Assem- 
bly in April. 

Greece has complained that its 
Western partners were not showing 
any solidarity with Athens’s posi- 
tions. and that they had to be re- 
minded that Macedonia's econom- 
ic survival depended largely on its 
tteigjtbor. 

“Since being admitted to the 
United Nations in April last year. 
Skopjian intransigence has wors- 
ened," Mr. Papandreou said. 
“They have shown no moderation 
or willingness to compromise. They 
approved a constitution with ex- 
pansionist contents and have 
adopted Greek symbols previously 
unknown to them." 


o 

V 

E 

R 

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A 

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on Crime Bill 


. By David Johnston ‘ ' 

WASHINGTON.-— One day after stepping down. 

Cfflnmaad 82 ** Jnsike^Stoftn; 
rhujp B. Hcymannailacked several ajroiersia» dk>- 
wnOTe of a^m^nifon-dollar crane Ml that has 
onergcd as the Clinton adnAgtafafs mam 
trve vetode to cradc down cm crime and violence. 

Mr. Heymann, who headed the Justice Depan- 
nwnt s effect to prodnee an administratjc® approach- 

would lock up repeat offenders for life without parole, - 
largely empty solutions that would have a negli- 
gible effect on crime. 

Mr. Heymann, who left the Justice Department 
because of disagreements with Attorney General Janet 
Reno over management style, predicted that a plan to 
provide grants to cities and stales h? hire 100,000 . 


, He also said dial a measure to build regional prisons 
for, yiotetrt offenders was a waste of effort and dis- 
missed mandatory mmimom prison sentences for 
many low-level drug offender as almost useless in 
deterring criaw 

JBBs critique on Tuesday rqjresemcd a parting shot 
at the administration and Congress from a lawyer and 
: professor regarded in law-enforcement dudes as an 
expert on violent crime and who, until this week, 
operated^ as one of the Omtan administration's most 
«njormmmal justice policymakers. 

“It's been, too easy to pretend that we’re going to 
solve the problem of crime with a set of remedies that 
look good for about the first IS seconds and look 
..worse as -you get to the hatf-minute,” the former 
deputy attorney general said in arrhouriemg discussion 
with reporters. 


Mr. Heymann would not discuss how ardently he 
bad pressed his views within the administration or 
whether his disagreements over anti-crime legislation 
had provoked conflicts that had led to his departure. 

When Ms. Reno announced Mr, Hermann's resig- 
nation, they both attributed the decision to their lack 
of chemistry rather than as a result of a policy dispute. 

Other officials at the department said Mr. Heymann 
and Ms. Reno were largely in agreement on crime 
issues, although they sometimes disagreed on what 
issues should be emphasized, and said Ms. Reno was 
critical when she believed that Mr. Heymann bad not 
acted quickly enough 10 advance issues that she re- 
garded as urgent, but that he found peripheral 
Mr. Heymann has long been associated with an 
approach that looks toward underlying factors and the 
impact of laws on criminal behavior as distinguished 
from advocates of harsher measures on policing, pros- 
ecuting and sentencing offenders. 


For example, to combat crime related to drugs, he 
said he favored offering treatment to anybody who 
wanted iu On the other hand, he said: “We ought to 
lock tip anybody we have in our custody who's on 
drugs and who doesn't get off them. That would make 

a big deni in our drug raarkei.” 

Mr. Heymann said Tuesday the "three strikes” 
measure would potentially waste a great deal of gov- 
ernment money. He said it would obligate the govern- 
ment to spend $600,000 to $700,000 for each prisoner 
over the years of their incarceration after the age of 50. 
when studies show manv criminal careers slow to a 
halt. 

Mr. Heymann’s views are strikingly at odds with the 
prevailing views on crime as articulated by President 
Bill Clinton, whose muscular speeches oh the topic 
have lately seemed to force Ms. Reno to back away 
from the crime-prevention themes that once dominat- 
ed her speeches! 


Mrs. Clinton Targets 



She Denies Claims That Plan 
Would Result in less Choice 


By Robin Toner 

Nor York Tima Senior 

WASHINGTON — After two 
weeks of bad political news about 
the administration's proposed 
health plan, Hillary Rodham Cfin- 
ton launched a counterattack; with 
the insurance industry taking most 
of the fire. 

At the same time; the Chris tian 
Coalition .announced, that it was 
beginning a $1.4 mfllibn c ampaig n 
to build grass-roots opposition to 
the Clinton plan among conserva- 
tive Christians. 

. Ralph ReecL ihe group's execu- 

SemorGtizens 
Put Health Plan 
At Aim’s Length 

WaMn^PatsJZ - • ***** to 
WASHINGTON — No health 
care bill can become law without 
' the approval of the nation’s 36 mil- 
lion senior citizens In courting 
thdr support for his plai^ President 
,B31 Clinton gave the dileriy input 

'and ace mwno rlatmn that nthwjn- 

terest groups could only .dream of 
— including a promise of $26 bil- 
lion a year in new drug and long- 
term care benefits. 

‘ Yet sariors have.not mroed out 
lo be the cfeeetkiaderafbr theplan' 

'that the White Ttcrase had hoped 
Tor and desperately needs. The ma-' 

'jority.of seniors recently poDcd 

• tlunk major change is needed, but 
more than half oppose the Clinton 
! plan. or did not, know whether to 

• support it, accorifisg to a survey 
last month for the American Asso- 1 

-riation of Retired Persons. 

About S4 percent of people 65 
and older were worried that the . 
plan would mean more government 


_ -five director, declared Tuesday that 
. the Ctintan plan "would replace 
7 the finest health care system in the 
world with a bureaucratic; Byzan- 
- tine, European-style syndicalist 
that his no 


has no precursor in 
the American experience’' 

And, on a particularly fractions 
day m the health care struggle, the 
Rquihlican ' National Comntinee 
chairman, Haley Barbour, de- 
manded ro apology frouLtfce Dem- 
ocratic National Committee chair- 
man, David wnhelm. 

Mr. Barbour contends tfiafa new 
Democratic television commercial, 
which accuses the RepnbKcan Par- 
ty of denying the existence of a 
health care ensis, twisted a 
tion from Governor Carroll i 
befi of South Carolina. . 

Mrs. Clinton used two speeches 
in Washington — to the American 
Legion and to the Graqi Health 
Association of America — to an- 
swer many of the charges that have 
been directed at the plan. 

She brushed aside tire notion 
that President B31 Clinton was pro- 
posing a “government takeover’ of 
health care — “That is not the 
president’s plan at all,” she de- 
clared. She also dented the charge 
that the. plan would dimmish peo- 
ple’s choices in health care, . 

“The pnty choice, we're trying to 
take away is from tboseiosurance 
companies that me; funding that ad 
so they can no longer choose to 
disquahfy yoa from health care be- 
cause they want to do so or charge 
you more than they would have 
otherwise,” Mrs. Chnton told the 
legionnaires, who greeted her- 
warmly. _ 

She was refeoing to an advertise 
ing campaign by the Health Insur- 
ance Association of America. Chip 
Kahn, executive rice president of 
the group, said the administration 



The Associated Press 

LITTLE ROCK, Arkansas — The special 
prosecutor in the Whitewater investigation 
asked a federal judge Wednesday to empanel a 
grand jury to look exchisivdy into the real 
estate investment by President Rill Qznton and 
his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton. 

Robert B. Fiske Jr. met with a U.S. district 
court judge, Stephen Reasoner. and later aid 
"it made sense" to empanel a special grand jury 
“because of the importance of this investigarion 
and theimportance of doing it as quickly and as 
thoroughly as possible." 

Mr. Fiske said that a grand jury currently at 
waris in little Rock met only two or three days 
a month, 

. Mr. fiske said he hoped a special grand jury 
could be fanned as soon as possible. 


He said his investigarion has been under way 
since late last month and that three lawyers 
have been involved in the case for the past two 
weeks. 

Mr. Fiske, who was named Jan. 21 to bead 
the investigation by Attorney General Janet 
Reno, also said he hoped to have an announce- 
ment by Tuesday concerning a full staff of 5 to 
10 attorneys. 

A special grand jury could work exclusively 
for up to 18 months on Mr. Fiske's inquiry into 
the Whitewater Development Co. and the 
failed Madison Guaranty Savings & Loan. 

The Clintons were 50-50 investors in 
Whitewater with James B. McDougaL owner of 
Madison Guaranty, and his then- wife, Susan, 

Mr. Fiske said his request had nothing to do 
with the presence of a former Republican feder- 



“Whea we started oat, seniors 
were the most supportive," said 
John Rother, the organization’s 
chief lobbyist and link lo ibe Wlate 
House. “Today weare picking up a 
lot of concern." 


appeared, ta “prefer shooting the 
messenger rather than &cusring 
the issues.” 

-At both. events Tuesday, Mrs. 
Qinton declared that the presi- 
dent's basic objective remained 
"guaranteed private insurance for 
aB," which means a ma ndate re- 
quiring all employers to pay for 
insurance for their workers is also 
essential. • 


Poles Apart on How to Balance Budget 


Away From Politics 


steamy caigo 'hold of an American Airlines plane cannot sue the 
airfare forangnish and loss of companionship, a Circuit Court judge 
has ruled. However, the case has not bren dranissed entirely because 



• Americans generate more timt twice as and garble per capita as 
Europeans and recycle far less. The United States produces 1,584 
pounds (71 7 kilograms) of trasfi per person auuualty, aooxding to 
the European Union statistics agimey. Japan produces 902 pounds 
and the Enropean Union 660 pounds. . . .. 


Merit Scholarships, according to afederal ciril rights comjdamt filed 
by the American Cml Liberties Union and the National Center for 
Fair and Open Testing. They ask /or a change in the selection 
method, now based on scores in the Preliminary Schdastic Assess- 
mpti t Test. Boys score higher on such standardized testSj batpria get 
better grades in high school and college. Thus, the plaintiffs argiv^ 
the method is not a good indicator of gnls' college performance. 

• Winter has been itohaitoife fra dgop ga ctoi^-wfaabavc seen their 
business boom iwih patients who slipped on the lice .or shoveled their 
driveways too vigoroudy. . 

rosecutorasked that 
ifxnatdy pkrtting to 

NTT. AT 


the jury find the fora defendants guilry of. 
“send a terrorist message to theUnited Staie&i 1 


By Adam Qymer 

New York Tima Senia 

WASHINGTON — Jabbing at every ex- 
posed political nerve il could raid, the White 
House told Congress that a federal balanced- 
budget amendment would imperil the national 
defense, increase crime, cheat veterans, squeeze 
the elderly and weaken the economy. 

Analyzing bow cuts would affect the econo-' 
my and their departments, cabinet officers tes- 
tified against a proposed amendment that 
would require the federal budget to be bal- 
anced, probably by 2001. The Senate plans to 
begm debating the measure next week, and 
nealber sde is sure bow the vote will go. 

The cabinet officers appeared Tuesday be- 
fore Senator Robert C Byrd, Democrat of West 
Virginia, who is chairman of the Appropria- 


tions Committee and the amendment's staun- 
chest enemy. He variously called it "seductive.” 
"simplistic,” "this monstrosity'’ and "this ne- 

Sena^°?W^ Simon, Democrat of Illinois, 
who is chid' sponsor of the amendment, sought 
to counter Senator Byrd’s display with a hear- 
ing of his own. He told the Judiciary Subcom- 
mittee on the Constitution, which' be heads, 
that “no one can study the past 25 years of 
successive deficits without recognizing that 
there has been governmental abuse that must 
be trailed.” 

His leading witness wbs Paul E Tsongas, the 
former Massachusetts Democratic senator and 
presidential contender, who said the amend- 
ment was a necessary "mechanism of disci- 
jline” to make Congress undertake the sacri- 
required to balance the budget 


“This deficit is all too real, this debt all too 
crippling,” Mr. Tsongas said. 

A nw>-thirds vote, or 67 if all senators vote, is 
required to pass a constitutional amendment. 
The House is expected to take the measure up 
later this year. If both chambers passed it with 
two-thirds majorities, then it would become 
part of the UfiL Constitution if approved within 
seven years by the legislatures of 38 states. 

The While House and Senator Byrd are 
working to mobilize opposition to the proposal 
which does not specify how ibe budget should 
be balanced. 

On Tuesday, the administration took the 
battle to Capitol H3L with Loon E Panel ta, 
director of the Office of Management and Bud- 
get, painting a grim picture of (he uncertainties 
the amendment would cause. 


Nomination of India Ambassador Gets New Life 


By Todd S. Purdurn 

' New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — After 
months of delay and reports that it 
w as dead, administration officials 
said that the nomination of former 

Representative Stephen I Solaiz of 
New Yodc as ambassador to India 
is -back on trade. They said the 
White House would soon send his 
name to the Senate for confirma- 
tion. ... 

. “People are now proceeding as if 
it’s going to happen, and sooner 
ratter than later,” an official said. . 

Three weeks ago, an FBI investi- 


gation into Mr. Solarz’s efforts to 
obtain a visa for a Hong Kong 
businessman with a criminal record 
ended without charges, but the 
White House said then that no de- 
cision bad been made on whether 
to nominate him for the post in 
New Delhi. 

Officials said the appointment 
had been held up pending the in- 
vestigation, and congressional 
Democrats said the White House 
had told (hem that the nomination 
was dead. 

It is not dear just why the White 
House now appeared prepared to 


go ahead with the nomination, af- 
ter repealing as recently as 10 days 
ago that no decision had been 
made. 

Indian diplomats have repeated- 
ly expressed concern (hat the post 
has gone unfilled since last year. 

A maid who answered the phone 
at Mr. Solan's home in Virginia 
said he was oat of the country and 
could not be reached. He has re- 
peatedly maintained that his nomi- 
nation would go forward. 

Mr. Solans, who was defeated in 
a Democratic primary after his 
Brooklyn district was redrawn in 


1992. is known in Congress for his 
experience in foreign policy. He 
was a member of the House For- 
eign Affaire Committee and chair- 
man of its subcommittee on Asian 
and Pacific Affaire. Members of 
the Senate Foreign Relations Com- 
mittee said his prospects for confir- 
mation had never appeared in 
doubt, given the traditions of con- 
gressional courtesy. 

But Democratic aides on the 
committee said the on -again, off-, 
again reports about whether he 
would be nominated had compli- 
cated the situation. 


Enterprising Ciiban Cooks Embrace the Concept of ‘Etcetera’ 


By Douglas Farah 

WaMngm Pm Senior ■ 

VANA — Afl it takes is a dSscree* tf^booecaB- 

few dollars, and takeout .pbza orpnnesefood 
e delivered to yora dora. If ybu 'fcaow dn 
is. passed on from mud aeqaatajmera, you 
oo on pork or chicken, drink imported tera and 
lb strolling bafladeers. • • 1 

Havana, whose tong-suffeaflg resdffl ts have 
u#d to bare shelves and seen.even their state' 
L restaurants dose, there is a newreyotation --a 
Althrtneh rhmr amnkfflLririvaifi 



i on the.idand- 


* the toss oi ara wiu# 

in I989nnd a lightened embatgoty the .Untied 
Cuba has faced an acute shortage of food.and 
asic products- In the past six months, however; ■ 
Tort (estimate* productivity, tte^Amment 
glued U-S. dollars as a medium of exchange 
ihbrized limited ^f-empIoymenL .: 

• ' ■ ^dfrfoimnrc m rutin 



uxmsracuousfy that they c__ ™. 

rvyvmhcr and were.remed 01 Boftbe 


business they continue to do — a Bttie more discreetly 
— sums up both the. promise and the problems facing 
'Commu n ist Cuba as it experiments with allowing the 
free market lo meet some of Us peopled most pressing 
^MedjL-- ; • 

.. The grobtem, from the gownunenl standpdnt, is 
compkxThe private restanrantS; estimated to num- 
bd mons. than 2,000 in the capital alone, dearly are, 
meeting, a nod bymakmg food more accessible to 
those with access id doDare. But many of the goods 
osed by .the rwwwants are bought cm the mack 
mackm or. Stolen from government stocks, draznmg 
resotnees and bard cuoBncy needed by the state; 

Glpsing the mtaprises would anger those who Ire- 
quern tiwm to ease the frustrations of food shortages. 
But. many without access to dollars — the majority of 
thewsi^-- resent thewe who have tbeoi . 

'-“That is-.a ^»d summary of Cuba,” said Jorge 
Dominguez, a semrir fdkrw of the Inter-Americau 
Dialogue in WashingUm who visits Coba frequently. 
“Measures that have an economic benefit also have a 
priftdcal'owL" 

. -Aswith many of the changes now sweeping Cuba, 
the restaurants began by accident and brought unex- 
pected consequences. They are now part of the emerg- 


ing gray market where much of Cuba's new economy 
functions. How the govmmreni has dealt with the 
phenomenon is indicative of President Fide! Castro's 
ambivalence about taking even limited steps toward a 
marirrt economy in tm effort to ensure the long-term 
survival of the Marxist revolution he led 

The home restaurants — called “paladorts" (“pal- 
ates”! — take their name from a popular Brazilian 
soap open, in which a poor woman moves from the 
countryside to Rio de Janeiro, begins selling fast food 
and eventually makes good, opening a chain of 
restaurants. 

When the government passed a law in September 
allowing about 140 categories of self-employment, it 
tflgnKgwri the sale of “light foods (drinks, sandwiches, 
candies, etcetera).” . 

Based on the “etcetera,” scores of people, using 
goods bought at doliars-only stores or taken from state 
supplies, began turning their homes into restaurants. 
Customers came with dollars from tips in the touri sm 
industry, from joint ventures with foreign companies 
of from relatives abroad- 

While some paladares take pesos, most accept only 
dollars. The growing number Of Cubans with access to 
dollars can set a food meal of chicken or pork and a 


drink for S3 to S6. In two establishments visited 
recently, most or ihe clients were Cuban, with a 
smattering of foreigners. 

In one, customers rang an almost hidden doorbell 
and asked for the owner by name. They were sealed at 
one of four tables. The bar offered imported liquors 
and beer and Cuban cigars. Two guitarists sang ro- 
mantic songs, and a sketch artist was on hand to draw 
caricatures for SI. 

Everyone in the neighborhood knows of the place. 
Only a few large, high-profile establishments have 
been shut down and their goods confiscated. 

The celebrated “etcetera" clause became a serious 
topic of debate in the legislative National Assembly of 
Popular Rawer in late December, and the discussion 
grew to encompass the entire official ambivalence 
regarding self-employment 

"I must tell the truth: I missed this etcetera just as 
all the other comrades did.” Mr. Castro told the 
assembly. “Something plus etcetera means everything. 
These are complex problems, and mistakes can be 
made. An etcetera is a mis Lake.” 

In the rod, the etcetera was stricken, making pala- 
dares where full meals are served illegal. But light 
foods, with the definition left unclear, are still allowed. 


Malt Wihon.Thc AMXnud Pltu 

Htfory Cfinton trying to get her message on beafth care reform across to a meeting of tire Group Health Association in Wastingtoo- 

Special Jury Sought in Whitewater Case 


al appointee on the grand jury currently sitting 
in Little Rock. 

That jury's foreman is Jim Burnett, whom 
President Ronald Reagan appointed to head 
the National Transportation Safety Board in 
1982. Mr. Burnett left the board in 1991 atthe 
end of his term. 

Mr. Burnell was seen leaving the area of 
Judge Reasoner’s chambers while Mr. Fiske 
was meeting with the judge, but neither he nor 
Mr. Fiske would say if Mr. Burnett also attend- 
ed. 

“All grand jury matters are confidential and 
fm not at liberty to discuss it.” Mr. Burnett 
said. 

Mr. Reagan appointed Judge Reasoaer to the 
federal bench in 1988. 


APOLITICAL NOTES A 


For Clinton, Mo Steady Doctor - Yd 

WASHINGTON — No one is going to accuse President Bill 
Clinton of not practicing what he preaches on health care. 

Critics auack the health plan for not giving people the ability to 
choose their own doctors. .‘Mid it seems Mr. Guton does not have a 
personal doctor here, breaking a long-standing tradition of presi- 
dents picking an official doctor for their tenures, most often from 
private practice or from the White House medical unit which is 
staffed by a team of doctors from the army, navy and air force. 

Jimmy Carter, for example, kept Tor his full term the White House 
physician — drawn from the White House pool — who was also used 
by Gerald R- Ford. Ronald Reagan brought in bis own physicians 
from private practice, and George Bush brought in his friend Burton 
J. Lee 3d to serve as his doctor throughout Ms term. 

Mr. Clinton dismissed Dr. Lee almost upon arrival after a tiff over 
an allergy shot. The president thro used the office's chief doctor, 
Robert L. Ramsey, who recently returned to Walter Reed Army 
Hospital, and be now uses the new chief doctor, Connie Mariana 
who is from the navy. 

Mr. Clinton is said to be happy with Dr. Mariano, although he 
might yet bring in someone, the White House said. ( WP) 

Gore as Emissary to Woo Labor's Cfitefa 

WASHINGTON — The White House, stepping up its efforts to 
reach a reconciliation with organized labor in the wake of the North 
American Free Trade Agreement, will send Vice President Al Gore 
to Florida next week to talk with leaders of the AFL-CIO about 
favors i he administration might do for them: 

The decision to send the vice president to the midwinter meeting 
of the AFL-CIO Executive Council is the latest in a series of White 
House steps to cool tempers since the fight over the North American 
Free Trade Agreement turned into a bitter feud between President 
Bill Clinton and labor last autumn. 

The administration is courting labor to assure full union support 
in the legislative fight over national health care reform. The White 
House has said it cannot win passage of health care reform without 
labor’s help. 

The last time a rice president met with the union leaders at their 
midwinter meeting in BaJ Harbour. Florida, was 1982, when George 
Bush made the trip as a peace gesture by the Reagan administration. 

A White House official said the administration was "anxious to do 
anything we can” to heal the rift with labor. Ibe official called Mr. 
Gore's visit "an important signal.” f WP) 

Admirals’ Regatta for Navy Job May Be Short 

WASHINGTON — The announcement that Admiral Frank B. 
Kelso 2d will take early retirement in April as the navy’s top officer 
generated a very short race to succeed him. There were reports 
Tuesday that Admiral Jeremy M. Boor da, last seen sleepless in 
Naples' updating NATO's bombing plans for the Balkans, was 
Defense Secretary William J. Perry's choice, edging out Admiral 
Paul David Miller of the U.S. Atlantic Command and Admiral 
Charles Larson of the UJS. Pacific Command. 

Admiral Boorda has the best personal story, the kind this adminis- 
tration loves: He enlisted from a Chicago blue-collar family and rose 
from seaman to four-star admiral. He also has a strong relationship 
with General John M. ShalQcashviH. the chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs. fIVPl 

Preaidant at Bat Against Anti-Gay Measures 

WASHINGTON — President Clinton has come to the support of 
homosexual rights groups with a letter strongly opposing anti-gay 
ballot initiatives in states across the country. 

"Those who would legalize discrimination on the basis of sexual 
orientation or any other grounds are gravely mistaken about the 
values that make our nation strong," Mr. Qinton said in a letter to 
the Gay and Lesbian Victory Fund. “The essential right to equality 
must not be denied by a ballot initiative or otherwise." 

The letter was dated Monday and — with the blessing of the White 
House — was released Tuesday by the group, a political action 
committee that supports openly gay candidates. 

At the start of his administration. Mr. Clinton found himself 
embroiled in controversy over his campaign pledge to lift the ban on 
homosexuals in the military. 

After that difficult beginning, the White House made an effort to 
recast Mr. Clinton's image in less liberal terms. But with his 
unequivocal letter to the victory fund, the president has placed 
himself squarely in opposition to a major conservative religious drive 
to promote such ballot measures. 

Quote/llnquote 

President Qinton in a speech to police officers in Ohio, referring 
to the crime bill: “If Congress will pass this bill soon I will respond 
by cutting through red tape ... so that within a year 20,000 new 
police officers are hired and start the training that they need to make 
our streets safer.” ZAP) 


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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17. 1994 


Bunm-Dissident Talks Seen 

U.S. Congressman f Optimistic’ After Meetings 




By Philip Shenon 

New York Tuna Semce 

BANGKOK — The American 
lawmaker who was allowed to meet 
with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi at her 
home in Bums said he was “cau- 
tiously optimistic" the' Burmese 
mRitary government would soon 
agree to negotiate with her. 

The lawmaker. Representative 
William B. Richardson. Democrat 
of New Mexico, led the first delega- 
tion of foreign viators permitted to 
see Daw Aung San Sun Kyi since 
she was placed under house arrest 
in 1989 for her efforts in promoting 
democracy in her country. 

The delegation met with her for 
three hours Monday, and Mr. 
Richardson had a second, two-and- 
a-ftalf-ftour meeting with her Tues- 
day. 

“1 am cautiously optimistic that 
the proposal for a face-to-face dis- 
cussion with Daw Aung San Suu 
Kyi wilJ be accepted,” Mr. Rich- 
ardson said after arriving in Bang- 
kok from Rangoon. “Aung, San Suu 
Kyi is the key to a solution.” 

In the conversations with her vis- 
itors, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi did 
not outline specific issues she 
would discuss in any direct meet- 
ings with the government, but she 
suggested she would seek freedom 
for imprisoned supporters of the 


democracy movement she had led 
and would work toward the multi- 
party democratic system the mili- 
tary promised when it declared 
elections in 1990. 

While she was under detention. 
Daw Atmg San Suu Kyi's party, the 
National League for Democracy, 
won the election by a landslide, but 
the military government refused to 
accept the results. She was awarded 
the Nobd Peace Prize in 1991. 

Mr. Richardson said that while 
the Burmese military had made a 
“useful positive gesture” in allow- 
ing Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to 
speak, “deeds must follow words." 

“ft does not substitute for signif- 
icant discussions on political rec- 
onciliation. and it does not substi- 
tute for the unconditional release 
of Aung San Suu Kyi.” he said. 

Mr. Richardson said that during 
Tuesday’s meeting, he received her 
response to a private letter from 
President Bill Clinton that the con- 
gressman delivered Monday. 

The U.S. congressman also met 
twice on Monday with Lieutenant 
General Khin Nyunx, the head of 
Burmese military intelligence, and 
said that he had urged the general, 
who is regarded by many diplomats 
as the nation’s new leader, to deal 
with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi di- 
rectly. 


While Mr. Richardson would not 
characterize the general’s response 
to the proposal. U.S. officials said 
they believed that General Khin 
Nyunt was leaning toward direct 
negotiations, but that he would not 
be able to commit himself until he 
had the approval of other junta 
members. 

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has had 
no direct contact with high-level 
Burmese government officials. 

In her meeting with the delega- 
tion Monday, sbe said she had al- 
ways been willing to negotiate with 
the junta, which calls itself the 
Slate Law and Order Restoration 
Council, on all issues except the 
question of whether she would re- 
main in Burma. The military has 
said she may go free if she prom- 
ised to leave the country. 

Mr. Richardson, a member of 
the House Intelligence Committee 
who has been active in human 
rights issues, said Wednesday that 
he would return to Washington and 
would await a response from Gen- 
eral Khin Nynnt He said he had 
concluded that Burmese concern 
about the Clinton administration 
and its policies toward Burma was 
the reason officials had allowed a 
UJS.-ted delegation to be the first to 
see Daw Aung San Suu Kyi 



-Xml 


7 - 


its Sumatra, 



F'*:.; , V' '• -A 

• £ ■. ' ' W •> ^ 

■ ‘.vs * 'w.. . ■ . 'J*'" .. 

Mm) Dopant/ Tit Awomcd Pn» 

Daw Anns San Sub Kyi during the meeting with Mr. Rkhardsonat 
her borne m Rangoon, where sbe is trader boose arrest Behind her 
is a portrait of her father, U Aung San, Burma's founder. 


. BANDAR LAMPUNG. Into: 
nesia — A strong earthquake 
struck a njoumainous region of Su- 
matra. on Wednesday, killing at 
least 131 people and hyuring nearly 
1 , 000 . 

Indonesian Anny units were mo- 
bilized to help civilian relief teams 
trying to force their way through 
landslides and along damaged 
roads to the devastated region 

“Relief aid, including food and 
medicine, have gone to the rite in 
Uwa. Hundreds of military mem- 
bers have also gone to help," said. 
Sukarno Rambe. a provincial offi- 
cial. 

About .75 percent of the struc- 
tures in Uwa were reported to have 
been destroyed or damaged during 
the earthquake and m its after- 
math. The town was virtually cut 
oft from the outside world for 
much of the day.' 

Officials in Jakarta, about 300 
kilometers (180 miles) away on the 
neighboring island of Java, said the 
quake measured 6 5 on the Richter 
scale. The U-S- Geological Survey 
in Colorado said it was 72. The 
epicenter was in the Indian Ocean, 
about 450 kilometers southwest of 
Jakarta. - 

It was the most deadly tremor to 
hit Indonesia since 2,000 people 


an 


were failed on the eastern island of 
Floes in December 1992. . 

Nearly 20 horns after the quake 
hit, details from Uwa, in a wkamc 
mountain range in southern Snna- 
tra, remained sketchy. Officials tn 
Ba ndar L&DXpUOg, 120 faJoffldCTS 
away, were in radio contact- with 
Uwa. . . 

Relief convoys were unable at. 
first to get through betaine of 
cracked roads and landslides. Mr. 
Sukarno said one civilian roue* 
lenm had readied tb e town sftet 
walking across imp assable parts of 
the road. _ r 

Widals in Lampong Province 
said that at least 13J people were 

killed and 978 people injured, 424 

of them seriously. : 

. t » r mm All, a provincial official, 
desoibed the situation as “vay 
confused” and said there was no 
electricity or telephone service in 
Uwa. He said officials feared that 
the casualty toll would rise. 

“The road is out because of. 
cracks and landslides. The gover- 
nor has caBed on the Public Works 
Department to try to open the road 
to aid rescue , efforts,” one official 
said. 

Officials said aftershocks or 
fresh rainfall could trigger more 
landslides. - 

The quake, which was felt in Sin- 


eanore, 900 kilometers away, 
sow*' at I2.-07 AM. Stare tefevi- 
aon.in Singapore sad t remors 
there caused one apannRat block, 
to shake for aboot 30.s»ooods but 
no damage or casualties were' re- 
ported. \ . 

It was the latest m a ajrjfes of 
strong earthquakes to fat Itfdtotre 
sia. . 

A quake measuring Mooftt 
Richter scale shook aft 
matra about 550 kdotact&ts 
Jakarta on Jan. 22, but tirere were 


One day earlier, an .eart hqua ke.; 
me a suring 6.8 failed sev^pedple 
on the Mduccan island ofHifiifc- 
hera. 

“We.canuot predict earthquakes, 
of course, bat there are 25 keas 
vulnerable to die m,” Mm. 

ing and Energy Department offi- 
dalsaRL ’ •' 

The areas form re are from Aceh 
in northern Sumatra, throagp j&v$> 
downTO‘BaU;radupta|I^M®>. 
CBS hxnUuBw frafaiis 

hetHL The arc generally foflows a 
line of volcanoes, scree of which . 
are still active. 

The arc marks the boundary of 
drifting continental {teres, with 
Java as the southern extremity of 
ontfof than. 

- i - (R/oaair i 'AFl , l . 


INTERNATIONAL RECRUITMENT 


European headquarters of a highly prtftigKHS Anieriuiu viffcjrv 
tnrporatiou based m Paris la Dtfinw is looking for Co expentrued 
Pirrdfayib 

Copyright Paralegal 

■ THE POSITION: . Inuring Lnryrrt in , -omputer sajfcan- iiipxn^ht 

matters stub as antipireey and hligauau management .. hailing 
bcnvten the operations in Europe and fallow- up z ilb the CS and other 
countries. (ref. 161 1/FXtF) 

Corporate and 
transaction Paralegal 

■ THE POStnON: Mjmuhmg databases, form files, matter files.... 

revising standard form contracts and agreements. The chosen person 
trill be a legal point oj‘ contact far l irrionr gnmpt virhm rbe company 
and trill pnjurr documents fin- rurmugs. (ref. 1612/FSfF) 

■ THE CANDIDATES: For both positions, college degree -«r a paralcg/il 
certificate is required. Minimum 2/s years experience in a legal 
environment, preferably with a good knowledge of copyright and 
trademark issues for the first position. Candida tis must hree excellent 
oral and saitten cornmunuatim skills, be ~dl organized, self-starters 
and rtamplaycrs. finvzkdge of database and zvrd processing software 
is helpful. English’ and fluency in another language is an advantage. 

■ Please write to Isabelle DAIGSE or Frederic FOL'CARD enc/mug 
a full curriculum vitae, quoting the relevant refercihc, at ROBERT 
tULF PAULEGAL ft me Paul Baudry. TMM.Y PARIS or send a 
fax oh </J 42.SV.tl9.Si 


■JACSk MONDIAL Dj StCRUTsMi'iT SPECIALISE AVEC Pl'JS CE 155 SJSEALX Sl!5 5 CCNTiNSNTS 


European Management 
Human Resources Director 

Our client, a well known multinational corporation 
(industrial sector), wishes to appoint a Human Resources 
Director for its European Business Region, based in 
Southern Germany/lake Constance area. An excellent 
career opportunity has been created for an experienced 
professional, assuming the functional responsibility for 
subsidiary operations in Europe (10 units, total staff of 
3000). For this challenging position we are seeking a HR- 
manager/director, age 33-42, preferably EU or 
Scandinavian citizen, with university level education and 
a solid experience in the major fields of human resources 
management, i.e. management development, 
recruitment, compensation and benefits, corporate 
polides/culture. 

The scope of the position and the level of responsibility 
demand a result oriented personality, capable of dealing 
effectively with high Jevei business executives. 
Willingness to travel and fluency in English and German 
are musts. French and other language capabilities are 
desirable. For a first contact please write, fax or phone in 
confidence to: Personnel and Management Consultants 
Inc.. P.O. Box 315. CH-8030 Zurich. Tel/ 41-1 1 1/383 47 33. 
Fax; 4 ( -( 1 1/383 70 6fi. 


Lega 


\ Counsel 


Tektronix. Inc., a world 
leader in. the production and sale of electronic test and 
measurement equipment, display equipment, and color 
printers, with worldwide sales over U.S. $12 billion, seeks 
a Lawyer with at least five years’ experience to work at the 
headquarters in Munich. 

Reporting directly to the Tektronix President of Europe and 
working closely with the Internationa] Counsel in the U.S., 
you will be responsible for Tektronix 1 European, African, 
and Middle Eastern legal affairs including U.S. legal con- 
siderations to the extent they apply in that area. 
Considerable work will be involved in the areas of dealer 
and distributor agreements, software licensing, mufti- 
national sales agreements, European competition, labor, 
and employment laws as well as corporate, tax, real estate, 
and other matters. Requires fluency in English with anoth- 
er European language desired. Substantial travel within 
Europe and occasional travel to the U.S. is necessary. 
Experience working for a U.S. multi-national corporation in 
the high-tech field a plus. 

Salary is commensurate with ability and experience. For 
Immediate consideration, please send a detailed resume 
and salary history to: AG. Kroos, c/o Janet Osborne, 
Tektronix U.K. Limited, Fourth Avenue, Globe Park, 
Marlow, Bucks SL7 1 YD, United Kingdom. 

Tektronix 

/ 



BRMDENBERG SECURITIES A/S 

Established Securities Company in Copenhagen. Denmark 
^ wishes immediately to recruit the following professionals: 

Sales & Marketing Manager 

The incumbent should nave strong leadership/managsral skills, a 
sound knowledge of US/European equity markets and sales and 
Portfolio management. Experience to train and manage a small 
team. 

Experienced Sales Persons 

The position requires dynamic persons who am skilled, articulate, 


of the US/European stock market is an asset. 

Financial Writer (free lance) 

The incumbent must have a sound academic background and 
several years of writing experience in the U.S. equitv sector. A 
strong analytical and research ability in the financial area. 

(Fluency in English. EC nuiinnuk nr EC working papers only.) 
Please send or lav full career and salary details to: 
Brindenbeix Securities A/S, H-C. Andersens Boulevard 13, 

OK- 1553 Copenhagen, V Denmark. 

Fax: s45-33-03S587 - TeL: 45-33-V3858S. 


ADMINISTRATIVE SECRETARIAL POSITIONS 


EUROPE and USA 

„are the attractive, different places where you would be 
working. Our client , a famous world-wide weU-knaivn fc 
has ashed us to look for a 


UillUUU^f MIJ/V tmm f VU II is UL 

Our client , a famous world-wide well-knoivn family ; 
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20 J a lire 

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At me same time we are looking for a 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 




Page 5 


ri^lLS. Says Some Serbian Weapons Could Stay in the Hills 




•f*' & 



4 



. 


: » 

if . 


. / 


By Barton Gellman and Danid WiHiams “ojnijor of Scrtaaa weapons Inside the 20-kflom«er the Feb. 9 NATO ultimatum demanded Michael 

Washmgion Post Serritx . . • 

WASfflNGTCW — The. Clinton arirmrrigtraK^ 


v ■ , 7 . ~ vuuwu 'ininuiauaann . the North Atl anti c 

u would accept a compromise short m Washington said they 
. NAI i 7 s denand tha t Bosnian Serbs withdraw their an agreement Tuesday between Admiral Jeremy M. 

guns from. Sarajevo, by nddnkbt Sunday or Booms, the relevant NATO commando; and Sr 
regroup them into positions under United Nations' Michael Rose, the UN commander in Bosnia. But 
' C0 5K£k . NATO officials in Europe said they knew of no such 

Officials sard.ai least tome of the heavy weapons part, 
could remain in the WHs commanding flic Bosnian : * Whatever the fate of Serbian weapons that remain 
capital Bat th^mwhiaxned. that iheTJnited States lin the eidnson zone, administration officials said 
WCTtifl inssUm physical measures to prevent the guns: Tuesday that they wotild place new emphasis on the 
irom bemgfired. and they jwld NATO would conduct . , advantages for Serbian Forres of taking their tanks and 
air strikes if the measures were breached, v .. artillery elsewhere.' 

; t The portion arose ^ from a tens od between NATO's A high-ranking officer predicted that the Serbs 

ummatum and the prrfereoce of local . UN faces to would soon cane 10 underhand that weapons with- 
negotiate rather than threaten. Bound by prior. agree- drawn from the Bosnian capital could be used without 
me&t not lo use force without UN consent, the admin- NATO interference against ocher territory bdd by 
sought to preserve- as much as posable of thg Bosnian Muslims. He said removing the tanks and 
■ NATO ultimatum wMe addressing theanxieties of artiDery would eliminate any risk that the Serbs would 
. UN comm anders that they may be unable to enforce ■ tose possession of the weapons oven the long term, 
the demands on the ground.. For those weapons that remain in the exciasoa 

It was undear whether NATO and UN command* zone, the Omton a drarnis tration will no longer re q uire 
ers in fact had reached a common definition of UN their “grouping” into guarded UN cantonments, as 


ks they had “no operational i 
ional configuration that's capable of shelling 


he would do so if local I'N commandos did not so 
iu 

weapons whose vital parts are to be removed, 
administration officials were unable to specify who 
would keep the pieces in band. Sordid they know how 


Croatia, Anxious, 
Waits and Watches 


Sarajevo." much weaponry would be removed 20 kilometers 

Mi. McCuny referred reporters to the Pentagon for beyond the center of the city, hour much put in UN 
further details but no mffitarv official reached in hands, and ' 


further details, 

Washington or at NATO’s Southern European head- 
quarters in Naples could give a concrete definition of 
whai that meant. A new “operational configuration" 
could mean mechanical removal of pans. But it could 
also mean merely pointing the weapon away from the 


a use any of these measures could quickly be 
reversed, the manner of their enforcement would be 
audaL No one asserted that the overstretched UN 
forces could prevent the Serbs from seizing back 
control of weapons they wanted. 

Instead, said a senior officer, “if they try to take 
ih *r p back, we can bomb them, and we wdL" But 
several officials acknowledged that the UN secretary- 
general, Butros Butros Gbali, must consent to the first 
use of air strikes, and some expressed skepticism that 


and how much incapacitated. They said those 
details were being worked out in Sarajeva 

Permuting the heavy weapons to remain in strategic 
hilltop positions meets a critical demand of Serbian 
forces, which have laid siege to the Bosnian capital for 
22 months. It appears also to be an embarrassment to 
the UN. In Sarajevo. UN spokesmen announced that 
they would stop releasing the numbers of Serbian 
weapons pulled out of the exclusion zone around 
Sarajevo or turned over to the United Nations. 

As of Monday night, when UN officials stopped 
releasing results.' the Serbs had turned over only 33 of 
their heavy weapons to UN soldiers, while the Muslim 
side had handed over (0 guns. On Tuesday, though, 
the Serbs gave at least one gun to UN forces— a rusty. 
World War 11-vintage howitzer presented directly to 
Lieutenant General Rose. 




evo 




Reuters 

ZAGREB, Croatia -— The United. Nations said- an Wednesday 
that there wasinsufBcicqr evidence to establish who food the mortar 
shell that killed 68 people in a Saimevo market oil Feb. 3. 

UN offic i als noted that both toe Bosnian capital's defenders, who 
are mainly Mushm, and besiegers, who are mainly Serbs, have 
120mm mortars, the kind which fired the 
w ‘Tbereis insufficiemphyacal ewdeaicetopixn^thacmepariya 
the other fired” the shett, saidCoIondMichd Gauthier, a .Canadian 
mihtaty engineer heading' a t**™ of UN nnUtaxy investigators.. It . 
“could have been .fired by either side,” he said. • 

Coland Ganfluer wan grirrmwiTm Tig the nparity p f «p inves tfe arinn 
into the mortar attack that prompted an ultimatum by tte North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization to Bosnia’s Serb forces to either 
withdraw or hand over their .heavy weapons around Sanrievo to the 
United Nations. 

The five-member UN team, backed by two technical experts, 
found the blast in the market pas earned by* single high-explosive 
shell from a conventional, factory-made l20min mortar. 

Colond Gauthier said the weapon could have been fired at a range 
of between 300 and 5£50 meters (about 325 to (MBOyards). But toe 
precise location of the. weapon that fired the shdl could not be 




•vs.: 




Vi4 • 

•fe.. jss-'i 


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" ■■ i 


BOYCOTT: Concessions Offered 

Confined from Page 1 
before the Freedom. Affiance two 
weeks ago. The Freedom Affiance . 
did not respond at the tone, he said, 
because the ANC indicated then 
that it was unwilling, to accept the . 

p ackag e. 

There was no immediate re- 
sponse Wednesday night from die 
Freedom Affiance, winch consists 
of the Afrikaner VoBcsfronv the 
Zulu- based Inkatha Freedom Party 
and the homeland government of 
Bophathatswana. ^ . 

- However, informed speculation . 
snggested toa t the fiard-bners with- 
in ihc Freedom Alliance would re 
ject the proposal, while moxemod- 
erate . forces, probably inchxfing . 

Bophuthatswana and'possfitiy m- ■' 
duding dements <rf the VoDcsfroot 
and Inkaiha, would accept h. - 

The sticking potttt is lucdy to be 
the issue of terntorialsdf-detanti- 
nation for ethnic groups. Mr. Man- 
dela has stated on numerous occa- 
sions that the ANC wUl newer 
accept any ethnic or race-based 
stales in the new Smith Africa. Giv- 
en his position, tins new offer is 
likely to be seen as an empty prom- 
ise oy ethnic hard-liners, . while ■ 
moderates might seize on. it as a 
bans for some future compromise. 

Even if the proposal only has die 
effect of. driving a wedge between 
moderates and militants is the 
Freedom Alliance, government and 
ANC sources say they would con- 
sider it a strategic success. 

“We want to take the high 
ground and to remove the carpet 
legitimacy from those in the Free- 
dom Affiance who are threatening 
violence, "said Olaf van Zyh apo- 


litical adviser to Mr. de Klerk. By 

- knlirfing the hmi Ujnm, the gOV- 

emmentand ANC sources say it 
wift be easer to use force to contain 
whatever anti-election sabotage or 
violence they perpetrate. 

. - Sources in the ANC said it was 
swayed : to- endorse, the. package 
whenibeZuluIi3ng,Goodwil]Zwr- 
fitfami, began making demands this 
week that the Zulus have their own 
sovereign nation. 

Most analysts believe' that King 
ZwatitirinTs demands were more 

buTthe king’s^ai^wjB 8 rakoi up 
with alacrity by propcoents of a 
separate nation for Afrikaners, 
who immediately promised diplo- 
matic reeognition. ..... 

This potential alliance of, would- 
be. separatism, both of whom fear 
an ANC-dominated government, is 
mate more ominous by reports 
that Afrikaner inililanis are sop- 
plying we^xns and military train- 
ing to ethnic Zulus. 

In a nation of 40 milHaa. there 
are3nilhon Afrikaners, geograph- 
ically dispersed, and an estimated 8 
milium Zulus concentrated in Na- 
tal Province. In the proposed com- 
promise, Natal Ibovince would be 
renamed KwaZnta/NalaL 

The compromise package is ex- 
pected to he approved m early 
March by a special session of the 
old white Parliament. 

One of the changes would allow 
voters m April to cast two votes, 
one for. a national parliament, an- 
other for a regional one. Until now. 
there had been- a singe ballot sys- 
tem in the works, which would have 
heavily favored the ANC. 






By John Damion 

jVm Tori Times Sfltw 

ZAGREB, Croatia — Croatia’s 
ambivalence is showing. 

Publicly, government officials 
applaud the Western effort to 
break the siege of Sarajevo and say 
they hope it will lead to a peace 
agreement throughout Bosnia. 

But privately, the government is 

watching developments neat door 
anxiously. One fear is that the with- 
drawal of Serbian heavy weapons 
will relieve Muslim defenders, who 
could then fight the Croats farther 
west- 

Then there is the fear that Serbi- 
an forces, once disengaged from 
Sarajevo, might renew fighting 
agpjns i Croats to strengthen their 
hold in the Krajina area, a Serb- 
held enclave in Croatia. 

And finally, on a deeper level 
there is the thought that if the 
threat of international pressure 

works against the Serbs, it might be 

used agpinst the Croats, who have 
already been told that they risk the 
same types of sanctions that have 
hit Serbia's economy. 

By Thursday, ihe United Na- 
tions has said, Croatia must with- 
draw its regular troops from Bos- 
nia, where they support the hard- 
pressed Bosnian Croats in a local 
militia called the Croatian Defense 
Council. 

The Croatian foreign minister. 
Mate Granic. offered Saturday to 
withdraw troops from border areas 
in Bosnia in exchange for UN guar- 
antees for Croatian civilians caught 
in centra] Bosnia, but be limited the 
proposal to areas near Mostar. Pre- 
viously, Croatian officials had in- 
sisted that there were no regular 
army troops in Bosnia, only several 
thousand local volunteers. 


Diplomats say that although 
Croatian troops have long gone 
back and forth across the porous 
border, in recent months President 
Franjo Tudjman has dispatched 
thousands of regulars to Bosnia to 
stall Muslim advances. 

Most troop estimates are close to 
the official UN figure of 3,000 to 
5,000. The Bosnian government 
puts the figure at 20,000 and says it 
constitutes an alf-ont invasion. 

On Feb. 3 the Security Council 
warned Mr. Tudjman to pull out 
the troops and their artillery by 
Feb. 17 or face “serious measures." 
An economic embargo was threat- 
ened, though the tone of the debate 
suggested that such a step would 
not be imposed right away. 

At the same time, Mr. Tudjman 
cannot afford to watch the Bosnian 
Croats go down in defeat, especial- 
ly since be has already lost one war. 
About one-third of Croatia is occu- 
pied by Serbian forces as a result of 
fighting between Serbia and Cro- 
atia after the Yugoslav federation 
broke up in 1991. 

One indication of the link be- 
tween the Croatian Army and the 
Bosnian Croatian militia is that the 
militia's commander. General Ante 
Rose, is a Croatian Army general. 

Another sign of Mr. Tudjman’s 
pervasive influence next door came 
on Feb. 10 when Mate Boban, the 
leader of the Bosnian Croats, was 
forced to resign as president of the 
self-styled republic there. Western 
embassies, and in particular the 
U.S. ambassador. Peter W. Gal- 
braith. had pressed Mr. Tudjman 
to jettison the hard-line Mr. Boban. 
whose forces blocked aid convoys 
and placed Muslim civilians in 
camps under brutal conditions. ■ 


CANADA: Pay Cash, Duck Taxes 


Lmou Ri*MDVTbr Auasaui fti» 

Eds in Sarajevo profiting from a sniper-free street Wednesday to get a low from a UN vehicle. Until the truce, such pby was dangerous. 


Continued from Page 1 ; 

nations, the government can 
scarcely afford to lose billions to 
the underground economy each 
year. 

One of the reasons Canadians 
can flout the laws so thoroughly is 
that they have an accomplice to the 
south. Many types of goods — to- 
bacco, liquor, jewelry, clothing — 


For UN Forces Chief in Bosnia, ‘Who Dares, Wins’ 


By Steve Coll 

Washington Past Serna 

LONDON — On the afternoon 
of May 31, 1982, a hdicopler bear- 
ing Mi chad Rose, then the colonel 
commanding British special forces 
in the Falklands War, Jed a com- 
mando raid against Argentine 
troops. ,: 

The mission, 40 utiles (63 kilo- 
meters) beyond British Ones, was 
“attacking into the unknown," as 
Max Hastings, a war correspon- 
dent, lata- wrote. As the helicopter 
touched down, Mr. Hastings sized 
up nearby enemy positions and 
pointed out to Colond Rose that 
heavy shelling was inevitable. The 
colonel smiled, shrugged, and re- 
plied. “Who dares, wins." 

More than a decade later those 
.words echo in another war halfway 
around the world. As policymakers 
of the United Nations and the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion wrestle over bow to enforce 
thetr nhimatmn «invd at securing 
peace is Sarajevo, their point mas 
oq the ground is the same Michael 
Rose, now a knighted British lieu- 
tenant genera l and commander of 
UN forces in Bosnia. 

At 54, dashing in appearance 


and articulate in a diction that re- 
flects his Oxford and Sorbonne 
education in politics and philoso- 
phy, General Sir Michael Rue 
strides before televirion cameras in 
Sarajevo as a Central Casting ver- 
sion of the highborn British mili- 
taiy commander. . 

But several friends and col- 
leagues in the British military de- 
scribe Genera] Rose's carter as 
anything but conventional They 
say that his extensive background 
in covert special forces operations 
may influence the shape of events 
in Bosnia over the next several 
weeks. 

From tribal war in Gulf deserts 
to the Falklands campaign, from 
Northern Ireland to a celebrated 
hostage rescue in London. General 
Rose's experience in special forces 
combat and related politics has 
been defined by his willingness to 
take risks to solve unusual military 
problems. 

But tins time around, one ques- 
tion colleagues here ask is whether, 
in toe web of sensitive politics and 
mtedocking military commands 
enveloping the UN operation in 
Bosnia, Genera] Rose can be dar- 
ing enough to win. 


“He sometimes comes up with 
ideas that are outride people's abil- 
ity to son through," said a senior 
British colleague who has served 
with General Rose in the Falklands 
and elsewhere. Throughout his co- 
ven work. General Rose has been 
“thrown off the deep end and had 
to sort it out," the colleague said, 
adding: “It indicates a mind that is 
not necessarily going to regard cha- 
os as disastrous. It may be that you 
can manipulate chaos to provide 
the answers." 

At the same rime, the colleague 
continued, reflecting on combat ex- 
periences: "There are some special 
forces guys that I would find ex- 
ceedingly trying — the kind of peo- 
ple who think they can win it ail on 
their own. He’s not one of them." 

Lawrence Freedman, director of 
the Center for Defense Studies at 
King’s College, London, who has 
worked with General Rose on mili- 
tary policy issues, said the impor- 
tance of his background in covert 
special forces work was “that he’s 
used to getting the maximum ad- 
vantage from small forces and he’s 


very aware of the psychological de- 
ment in any conflict." 

General Rose first sought out 
unconventional warfare about 20 
years agp in Oman, a longtime Brit- 
ish protectorate, colleagues said, 
leading irregular tribal troops. 

Afterward he commanded a 
Northern Ireland squadron of the 
Special Air Service regiment that is 
Bntain*5 equivalent of the U.S. 
Delta Force special forces. 

Questions have recently been 
raised by human rights groups 
about whether the Special Air Ser- 
vice pursued a policy to kill Irish 
Republican Army soldiers rather 
than arrest them, but none of these 
questions has been raised about 
General Rose himself. 

He was put in command of the 
entire regiment in 1979. in time for 
two episodes that would later make 
his reputation: the siege of die Ira- 
nian Embassy in London in May 
1980, and the Falklands War with 
Argentina. 

When Iranian dissidents seized 
the London embassy and took hos- 
tages, General Rose planned and 


directed a counterstrike. The ensu- 
ing gun battle was broadcast on 
television to a stunned British pub- 
lic, which had had little firm indica- 
tion until then that the special force 
even existed 

General Rose’s commandos res- 
cued 19 hostages and killed 5 occu- 
piers. At least 2 hostages were 
killed, although it is not clear how 
or by whom. . 

During the Falklands campaign 
General Rose planned and led a 
series of commando raids behind 
Argentine lines. At the war's end. 
be was credited with helping to 
secure an orderly surrender. 


Reuters 

RABAT — A Moroccan coart 
has sentenced 26 students to prison 
terms ranging from six months to 
two years after violent dashes be- 
tween fundamentalists and leftists 
at Fez University in central Moroc- 
co. lawyers said Wednesday. 


are generally cheaper and taxed 
less in the United Slates. Canadi- 
ans also smuggle in perfume and 
even, reportedly, frozen chickens. 
And the world’s longest unmilitar- 
ized border makes it difficult for 
Canadian customs officials to con- 
trol the passage of contraband. 

“If we were located between 
Germany and France, we wouldn't 
have this problem." joked David 
Perry of the Canadian Tax Foun- 
dation. 

Prime Minister Jean Chritien ac- 
knowledged the smuggling prob- 
lem earlier this month when his 
government lowered taxes on ciga- 
rettes to reduce the volume of to- 
bacco coming illegally from the 
United States. The rampant trade, 
particularly through Indian reser- 
vations along the New Yoik-Cana- 
dian border, has soared to the point 
where one out of every three ciga- 
rettes in the province of Ontario 
and one of two in Quebec is illegal- 

In addition to the tax reduction. 
Canada is stepping up enforcement 
not only against contraband from 
the United States but also against 
people who evade national sales 
and income taxes by conducting 
their business in cash. Mr. Ander- 
son said dial there would be more 
audits of businesses and more pros- 
ecutions of violators. 

“The instructions I’m giving are: 
Nail these people," he said. 

“Most Canadians are convinced 
we’re ahead of the United States in 
that we didn't have two candidates 
for attorney genera] who didn’t pay 
taxes on their nannies," he said. “I 
was asked before 1 took office, and 
believe me. I paid the taxes on ray 
nanny." 


CROSSWORD 


TRADE: For Washington, a Strategy of Uncertainty to Pressure Japan 


.© New York Times Edited by Will Shorn. 


Continued from Page 1 

talking without having to take any new 
sanctions." • . 

The danger, Mr. Hormats added, is that n 
this anxiety ami uncertainty last too Jong; ten- 
sions could build, there couM.be a nationalistic 
reaction from Japan and things could get out of 
hand — possibilities that are causing the ad- 
ministration to hope the Japanese trill act 
quickly. , 

Indeed, the Treasury Department, in a state- 
ment Monday, denied that the United States 
was in any way mtervenir^to the markets to 
drive op the yen. But Treasury does nothave to 
intervene. The surge has fen .touched-off by 
speculators anticipating that the United States 
may take soch a move as part of a. trade war. 

.. in any case, die net effect on Japan is. the. 
same. That explains reports Tuesday that the. 
Japanese central.baak was busily buying deti- 
Utr&aod selling yen to pish down toe yen’s 
value against the dollar. - ' 

From a US. point of view, this all suggests 
that the strategy is taking hold. '-While Boose 
officials are deariy.going out erf their way. to 
eve Tokyo time to draw its own canauspns 
from these events. ^ They pomteefly note thaftoe 
president's economic advisers are snU potirnf 


together a mean of proposed sanctions that Mr. 
Gin ton might choose to use against Japan. 

They also note that the list will not be on the 
pratidenfadesk before the end of this week, at 
theeadtesv Mr. Clinton will then want to take 
Ins time and study the options before he makes 
op his mind. 

Some, or all of the sanctions presumably 
would be aimed at Japan’s idecommnnicatioas 
industry, tines the case involves U.S. accusa- 
tions! mat Motorola is being discriminated 
against in Japan’s ceBuIar telephone market 
U$_ officials are supporting Motorola's com- 
plaint that it has been effectively shutout of the 
tocratire Tokyo cellular market because of 
tednotogic&l requirements and business ar- 
rangements forced on h by Japan. 

- When administration officials say they want 
the Japanese to return lb toe bargaining table 
. on American terms, they mean that drey want 
than to accept not only toe principle of opffl- 
ing their relatively dosed markets, but also to. 
accept numerical indicators for measuring 
whether Japan is keeping its promises. 

For mstance, in autos, the United States 
would 2ke Japan to.socept as one measure of 
triretber it is opening its ^ markets a regular 


accounting of how many Japanese car dealers 
are offering foreign models. 

Japanese officials fear dial what Washington 
calls numerical indicators wiH be not just yard- 
sticks to measure Japanese autos imports, but 
also targets that Japan w£D be held to, accompa- 
nied by punishments for not reaching the goaL 

The crux of the matter is that the two sides no 
longer trust each other. And if toe talks are to 
resume, a level of trust will have to be built — 
so that Japan can agree to indicators that it is 
sure-wifl not be held up as market targets, and 
so that the United States can have indicators it 
considers reliable in determining whether Ja- 
pan is really opening its markets. 

U.S. officials stress that they are ready to give 
Japan those assurances, and oae strong reason 
Washington does not want a tivfor-tat sanc- 
tions war with Japan, is precisely because that 
would farther erode trust and inflame national- 
ism, not promote a reasonable discourse: 

So far, 115. officials say. there have been no 
feelers from Tokyo about returning, to the bar- 
gaining table, but, they add, it is still very early. 
They hope that Mr. Hosokawa, having won a 
political boost by saying no to the A meri cans, 
wffl now be in a stronger political position to 
say at least a partial yes, so a mutually satisfac- 
. lory deal can be struck. 


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INTERNATIONAL 



MnMJSH ® WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES and THE WASHINGTON POST 

What Japan Could Do 


SnblUlC A P(Uchwork Map for Yet More War in the Balkans 


Last week the issues in contention between 
“* United States and Japan were complex 
tod could be argued either way. But this 
Tuesday the United States was dearly in the 
right to declare Japan in violation of a 1989 
tocord that promised Motorola unfettered 
access to the cellular phone market in the 
heavily populated Tokyo-Nagoya region. The 
declaration triggers a several-months' pro- 
cess during which the United States will 
prepare a Ilk of sanctions. 

The declaration is fully justified. Japan 
has systematically thwartedpromises that it 
made under the accord. Five years later. 
Motorola, a technological leader around the 
world, accounts for less than 2 percent of the 
Tokyo-Nagoya market. And sanctions are 
warranted — because teleco mmu nications 
services are not covered by international 
treaty, the United States has no good re- 
course other than to retaliate unilaterally. 

The danger is that this specific trade skir- 
mish will escalate into unbridled war. But tit- 
for-tal sanctions would be mutually harmful. 
More likely. Japan and the United States will 
renegotiate Motorola’s status, as they have 
in past conflicts. 

Under the 1989 agreement, Japan provided 
Motorola a portion of its spectrum for cellular 
service in the Tokyo-Nagoya region. But it 
also insisted that Motorola, which works with 
Japanese partners, team up with Nippon Tdou 
Tsushin Corporation, known as IDO, which 
was licensed to operate Motorola’s techno- 


logy. But IDO was a cynical choice. It had 
already invested in the cellular technology of 
Motorola's main competitor, Nippon Tele- 
graph and Telephone. The conflict or interest 
led IDO to halfhearted efforts to market Mo- 
torola's technology — a technology that has 
won a huge share of business outside Tokyo 
and in many other countries. 

This problem has at least two straightfor- 
ward solutions. Japan could revoke IDO's 
license to operate Motorola's system, and pro- 
vide the license to some other Japanese com- 
pany. In the Osaka region. Motorola joined 
forces with a Japanese company to take over 
nearly half the cellular market in two years; 
that contrasts with IDO's 2 percent share after 
five years. The other solution would be to 
require IDO to expand the system by specific 
amounts according to a preset timetable. 

Last week the United Stales clamored for 
Japan to accept numerical targets for imports 
erf 1 cars, insurance, telecommunications and 
medical equipment. The Japanese agreed to 
discuss only procedural and institutional 
roadblocks io U.S. exports. What (he Motor- 
ola case shows is that in at least some notable 
instances (he debate is artificial. Japan could 
solve Motorola’s problem with a quick institu- 
tional fix — removing the conflict of interest 
posed by IDO's participation — or by nu- 
merical targets for Motorola's penetration. 
What Japan is lacking is not the tools to 
provide access, but the will. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Saddam Is Responsible 


Iraq has been moving toward meeting Unit- 
ed Nations terms cm disarmament, and in so 
doing h has improved its claim to have the 
United Nations lift the p unishing economic 
sanctions. The United Stales and other UN 
members have responded by adding new con- 
ditions. Not only must Iraq meet intrusive 
disarmament requirements. It must also rec- 
ognize the border that the United Nations 
drew between it and Kuwait, end persecution 
of its Kurds and Shiites and prove its disarma- 
ment compliance over time. 

The adding of new conditions when a party 
gets within range of meeting old ones is 
known as moving the goalposts. Usually it is 
unfair. If it became a rule, it would give target 
states a positive disincentive to respect UN 
strictures. But Iraq is different. 

It is different because both the foreign and 
the domestic policies practiced by its leader, 
Saddam Hussein, have richly earned universal 
fear and loathing. Not to say that no crasser 
motives are at play, such as keeping Iraq's oD 
off a depressed international market But a 
legitimate and shared prudence compels other 
nations, of various political hues, to stay unit- 
ed and on guard against tins demonstrably 
unprincipled violator of peace and human 
rights. The break in normal UN ways is dis- 


agreeable but seems a modest price to pay to 
contain his real and potential danger. 

The disappointing truth is that the embargo 
and tire other punitive elements that go with it 
have so far failed in their inner purpose of 
ending Saddam Hussein's rule — although the 
policy has restored much regional normality 
and brought a tenuous relief to northern 
Kurds. But tire inconclusiveness of tire policy 
is more an argument for keeping tire pressure 
on than Tor taking it off. If other nations must 
live with Saddam Hussein indefinitely, better 
that be be contained. 

Many people remain troubled by the suffer- 
ing of the innocent and un consulted Iraqi 
people. Their pain is real, and Saddam Hus- 
sein has exploited it to muster support for 
terminating sanctions. It needs to be under- 
lined that UN policy permits entry oT medi- 
cines and foodstuffs. But the Iraqi leader, citing 
violations of “sovereignty," refuses to use the 
privilege. UN conditions center ou monitoring 
Iraqi purchases and distribution and, unques- 
tionably, do trample on Iraqi sovereignty. That 
is Iraq's burden for having started and lost the 
Gulf War. Saddam Hussein is responsible for 
denying his people the humanitarian relief 
that others are eager to furnish them. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Lagging Family Income 


The United States has created new jobs 
remarkably fast in the last two decades in 
response to a rapidly growing population. But 
average family income has remained almost 
flat That is tire point that President Bill 
Clinton mainly addresses in his fust economic 
report The annual report always lacks the 
showmanship of the State of the Union ad- 
dress and the specificity of the budget But 
this year it offers a good view of the strategy 
by which tbeprcsdent hopes to get from here 
to there in the subject on which the next 
election largely depends. 

Average income has hardly risen in recent 
years because "productivity — the output of 
each hour of labor — has gone up very slowly. 
Productivity rose at a brisk pace from World 
War II until that pivotal year of the oil crisis, 
1973. It recovered slightly in the 1980s, and 
Mr. Clinton now sees a substantial improve- 
ment in the 1990s — not back to the high rates 

a generation ago but up to a level that should 
show comfortable increases in earnings. 

Why should anyone think Mr. Clinton 
might succeed where his last three predeces- 
sors struggled mightily and failed? His Coun- 
cil of Economic Advisers claims three reasons. 
Because population growth is slower, the la- 
bor fence is expanding only half as fast as it 
did in the 1970$ — meaning that it is slightly 


older, steadier and more experienced. This 
labor force will also be belter equipped. Busi- 
ness investment is rising strongly because the 
federal budget deficit, which preempts invest- 
ment capital, is coming down. Finally, the 
administration thinks that its plans for greater 
public investment in training, transportation 
and communications will help. 

It has to be said that no one has ever fully 
explained the ups and downs of the productiv- 
ity numbers, which makes forecasts here more 
than ordinarily chancy. But the Clinton ad- 
ministration is engaged in a coherent attempt 
to regain the kind of performance that Ameri- 
cans used to be able to take for granted 

On the subject of incomes, the economic 
report emphasizes the deeply troubling in- 
crease in inequality in America in the same 
last two decades. The administration rejects 
the accusation that ibe cause is imports from 
low-wage countries. The new inequality is 
equally visible in the parts of the economy 
untouched by imports and, the report argues, 
arises principally from new technology. The 
remedy is not to fight trade or technical ad- 
vances but rather to provide better education 
for working people and. especially, for their 
children. Failure would mean a society that is 
more dangerously divided than ever. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Comment 


Lack of WiD on Proliferation 

For multinational controls [against nuclear 
proliferation) to work, they need some bite. In 
the past (he Cold War divisions between the 
United States and the Soviet Union made this 
practically impossible. Today the problem is 
just the opposite. With the United States the 
unrivaled superpower, (he means are there. The 
problem is win — American wilL Instead of 
using its status to stiffen policing of violators, 
(he United Slates has declined to back up the 
International Atomic Energy Agency's de- 
mand for greater access to North Korean sites 
and has offered Pyongyang extra goodies (such 
as light water reactor technology! for fulfilling 
obligations it has already agreed to. 


Whether or not Pyongy ang has the bomb is 
beyond our competence to judge. But we do 
know two tilings: that those who do have the 
competence say they are unable to do (heir job. 
and that any inspection that allows the suspects 
to determine what is and what is not off-limits 
io inspectors is a farce. If we teamed anything 
from Iraq, it is that these kinds of inspections 
may be worse than no inspections because they 
breed a false sense of security. The IAEA 
director-general Hans Blix, rightly says that if 
he does not have access to resolve' all issues — 
including undeclared sites — “there will be no 
dfctenus." If the nanproUferation regime col- 
lapses. it wiU not be because the IAEA look 
a stand. It will be because others didn't. 

— Far Eastern Economic Review {Hong Kong). 



International Herald Tribune 

ESTABLISHED I8K7 

KATHARINE GRAHAM. ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 
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RICHARD McCLEAN. Publisher d Cliff Eteamvr 
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W ASHINGTON — Last week NATO 
adopted a new. two-track policy: an 
ultimatum to the Serbs and Bosnians to with- 
draw their artflfeo' from Sarajevo, and Amer- 
ican agreement to join Britain and France in 
pressuring the Bosnians to sign the Oweo- 
Stolienberg peace plan. 

What is assumed in aO public discussion of 
the Bosnian genocide is that the signing of a 
peace plan will end the c arT1 1 tg e But since 
1988 ethnic conflicts have started in eight 
areas of the former Comm must world, from 
Bosnia to Tajikistan, and although every one 


with the admission that the 
conditions for a final settlement 


of these conflicts has seen agreements and 
truces signed or announced, in not one case 
have they ended (he killing. 

The latest Geneva agreement wil] not end 
the war. ft is not a solution or a settlement, 
although it will probably reduce the level of 
violence temporarily. 

If you doubt this, look at the provisions 
for Sarajevo: no settlement agreed upon 
among the parties, but United Nations con- 
trol Tor two years with the expectation, mys- 
terious and groundless, of a settlement (hen. 
Mostar is to be handled in a similar way. 

Or look at the map. The partition of Bosnia 
looks like three or four gerrymandered con- 
gressional districts writhing together in mor- 
tal struggle. What remains of Bosnia, still a 
member of the United Nations, amounts to 


B y Charles BL Fairbanks Jr. 

four enclaves separated from each other by 

S territory, without secure access to the 
worid There is do guaranteed access 


Serbian artillery. Roads, railroads and dec-' 
trie lines are cut by the new borders. Without 
massive aid from (he Wesleconamic collapse 
and famine will ensue. 

The absurdities of this territorial settlement 
crane to focus at Brcko, a port on the Sava 
River across from Croatia, once inhabited by 
a majority of Muslins, now riddled by mortar 
fire. Under the Owen-Stoltenberg plan, Brcko 
is to be simultaneously (a briUianl stroke!) the 
access of the Muslims to the river trade route 
and a corridor for the Serbs between their two 
biggest areas of Bosnia. How will that be 
achieved? By an overpass! 

If it is the Serin who get the ground level, 
the assumption is that the Muslims wfll 
peacefully pass overhead every day. less than 
10 meters above tire very people who raped 
their daughters and mothers. The Serbs, 
meanwhile, will calmly go about their busi- 
ness under tire guns of the Croats across the 
river who slaughtered their fathers and moth- 
ers undo 1 tire Nazi-sponsored Ustashx regime. 

South of Mostar, where Bosnia has been 
demanding access to the sea and Croatia 
refuses to give it. a solution now bang negoti- 
ated is — tunnels! Croatia will have sover- 


Bsewherc the Bosnian enclaves will be linked 
by “corridors,” that ts, roads, perhaps “sover- 
eign," most likely merely “guaranteed." 

The Owen-Stoltenbeig map is quite simply 
the most artificial, the most bizarre, the most 
unworkable territorial arrangement in mod- 


on history. (It is unjust, too, but why qtu> 
We?) Such an arrangement could work ony d . 
tteparties toft were fundamentally satisfied 
■ with thar.shares,. as the United .Stain and 
Canada are with their artificial border; Of if 
the United States, Britain and France were 
iD willing to commit overwhelming military 
power,, in the form of peacekeeping farces, 
to guard the full length of these lacewock 
borders and to overawe (he fending parties. 
Neither situation exists. 

In fact, the entire territorial settlement is a 
fo rmula for future war, and for endless, 
agonizing .debates about American and Eu- 
ropean intervention. 

lire agreement will founder on the dause 
asserting the right of refugees to return to the 
homes from which they were “ethnically 
cleansed" Since this would negate the Owen- 
Stolteoberg solution by ethnic separation, jt 

will not happen. But refugees will claim their' 

right to return. Governments will back than, 
assert that' the. agreement has been broken 
and take bade their own promises. 

The reason the Owen-Stoiteobexg agree- 
ment is taken seriously is simple: The West- 
ern governments have no idea what to do. 
They want tofmgrt about the Bosnians but are 
ashamed to acknowledge It to their publics. 
The result is Owoi SioStenbsrg, a process that 
may have begun seriously but has become an 
effort- to Irate the victims to give public legiti- 
macy tothe verdict of force and terror. West- 
eraos are asking these people to shovel oat 
their own graves so that we won’t fed had. 

There is an alternative. It begins with the 
admission that the conditions for a final settle- 
ment are not present today, as they were not 
present in the Arah-Israefc dispute from 1948 
until Anwar Sadat's historic top to Jerusalem. 
In the absoce of a settlement, the war will go 


with msA revao « ~ < 

• tolT visit the theater of«, 

ainaSd to find that “the front, mmost 

an open field, without Actora 
'-JkMtfina Tte Httitest suffering is caused by 


theinlertuptioa 

for heat and amnmmcatiqas. These are ways 
to which tire conflict hurts crtoBaia the nfflo- 


. CCnw, vKnamw . , - - • 

- The in ter ffiRri poal community does not 

havethewffltoeiKiihewar.Botitcanso^ 

for most of the noneombatanls a rdativdy 


above all to roe 

the most, but also to the Chtfaohcs (Croats) of 
' central Bosnia and to ordinary Serbs who are 
paying far the cruelties of Slobodan Milosevic 
and his nationalist bullies- • 

The first step is the. ultimatum.. The next 
steps are the opening of a Bosnian airport 
whether at Tima or built from scratch; the 
dropping of the arms embargo against the 
Bosnians and Croats; and ending' (he eco-, 
nomic sanctions against Serbia. As the Boar 
mans become more aide to defend them- 
sdves. tire international peacekeeping forces , 
'can be withdrawn. , , 

There are many complications and dan- 
gers to be considered in exploring this alter- 
native. But until the West re-examines the 
basic logic of the Owen-Stoltenbeig p race 
negotiations, it will remain trapped in a 
policy without foresight, without realism, 
without coherence and without dignity. . . 

The writer is research professor of interna- 
tional relations at the Paul H r Niize School of 
Advanced International Studies. He contribut- 
ed this continent to The Washington Post " 


M OSCOW — Whether or not 
NATO involvement in Bosnia 
peacemaking leads lo a wider Balkan 
or European war. all parties would do 
weU to pay close attention to bow 
international blockade runners and 
embargo busters keep cash, oil and 
arms flowing to the fighters. 

Russians, whose sympathies are 
with Lheir fellow Slavs and Ortho- 
dox Christians, the Serbs, worry 
about aid from the Muslim world to 
the Bosnian Muslims. 

As a Russian journalist who cov- 
ered the American war in Vietnam 
and the Soviet oue in Afghanistan 
puts it, “Bosnia is a new frontier for 
Muslim fundamentalism.” 
Demagogues like Vladimir Zhiri- 
novsky denounce “Islamic expan- 
sion” in the Balkans. His call for 
Russian action to “conquer and po- 
lice" Muslim nations like Iran, Tur- 
key and Afghanistan strike powerf ul 
nationalist echoes in Russia. 

This generates pressure on Presi- 
dent Boris Yeltsin's policymakers. 
Private Russian profiteers and rejec- 
tin', or racketeers — the new class of 
Russians now moving out of the 
country vast quantities of the foreign 
currency that Russia desperately 
needs to stabilize its economy — are 
probably helping the Serbs acquire 
the guns and oil they need for war. 

Many Russians deplore this hem- 
orrhage of capital abroad, estimated 
by Leonid Fituai, director of Mos- 
cow's Center for Strategic and Glob- 
al Studies, ai about SIS billion a 
year. But the same Russians and 
others, not necessarily followers of 
Mr. Zhirinovsky, would like to see 
aid for the Serbs not left lo the 
reketiry. They want it open and pub- 
lic. not confined to the few Russian 
volunteers known to be fighting with 
the Bosnian Serbs. 

The Russians deplore that Iran. 
Saudi Arabia and other Arab and 
Muslim powers support the Bosnian 
Muslim cause with arms, cash and 
volunteers. Analysts in Moscow 
point out that Iranian and possibly 
some Arab oil seeps through the 
holes in the United Nations embar- 
go. reaching Serbia and its junior 

? artner in what is left of the old 
'ugoslavia. Montenegro. 

When Serbian attacks began in 
earnest in 1991. Iran tried to send the 
Bosnians arms and some Revolution- 
ary Guards as volunteers. U.5. and 
UN authorities intercepted the first 
planeload in Zagreb. 

Next. Hezbollah and other pro- 
Iranian groups in Lebanon sent arms 
— again through Croatia — this time 


By John K. Cooley 

with some success. Former mujahidin 
trained by the United States and Pa- 
kistan to fight the Soviets in Afghani-' 
stan after the Soviet invasion in 1979 
were recruited in about 30 different 
Muslim countries to fight as volun- 
teers in Bosnja-Herzegovina. 

Beginning in January 1993. aims 
from former Soviet stockpiles pur- 
chased by international aims dealers 
began to penetrate the UN embargo 
and arrive in Bosnia. 

Allegations were published in Eu- 
rope that bribes had been pud to 
Croats and even individual UN 
peacekeeping personnel to facilitate 
this traffic. Croatia and Slovenia re- 
ceived “bush” payments of ad deliv- 
eries from Algeria, Libya and the 
Gulf, according to these reports. 

Ramzi Tavfcan, a former Turkish 
officer advising the Bosnians, told 
European and Russian journalists 
that by July 2993 arms smugglers 
had secured safe and reliable routes 
into Bosnia to supply the Muslim 
forces. Some weapons were pur- 
chased from Serbian forces. The 
Belgrade government reported die 
execution of two Serbian officers for 
this traffic frith the enemy. 

Russians with experience in the re- 
gion claim that arms dealers have 
managed to divert to Bosnia weapons 
winch the cash-starved Serbians be- 
lieved they were selling to Mideast 
states, especially Iran and Libya. 

In return. Inin and possibly others 
have slipped crude o3 to Serbia. Ear- 
lier. this oil was moved by private 
traders from Iran's ports of Bandar 
Abbas and Khaig Island through the 
Red Sea to Egypt’s Sura-to-Mediter- 
ranean oil pipeline. At die Egyptian 
pipeline terminal of Sidi Krtir, near 
Alexandria, tankers cany the ofl to 
Romanism Black Sea ports. Block- 
ade-running barges and small tankers 
navigate over Romania's Danube wa- 
terway system to Serbia, often report- 
edly evading UN controls. 

Starting this month, private traders 
will oo longer exclusively control 
Iran’s oil shipments through Egypt's 
pipeline. The oil journal Middle East 
Economic Survev has reported that 
Iran's national oil company is to begin 
shipping oil cm its own account. Some 
of die new shipments may be stored at 
Aghii Theodori in Greece, under ar- 
rangements with a Greek company 
that began in November. 

While trying to track such ofl ship- 
ments, allied investigators also seek to 
trace sanctkns-busung payments for 


oil and arms. Lately they have focused 
on what looks tike a minor Russian 
migration to Cypres, where more than 
1,000 small offshore companies have 
been set up with Russian partners and 
capital — much of it believed to be 


Russian wheeler-dealers and fanner 
high Communist Party officials. 

The European Commission’s Sanc- 
tions Monitoring Committee has 
jtAwrf governments to make hun- 
dreds of investigations ' of reported 
embargo violations. Italy, according 
to the committee, received 433 such 
requests by lastmanth. Germany was 
a dose second with 626 requests. 

If Balkan conflict continues, allied 
and UN authorities, if they truly wish 
to throttle supplies, will have to vast- 
ly improve both their intefligence- 
gathenngand their countermeasures. 
Otherwise, future UN control efforts 
may prove to be even more of a 
mockery than they are now. 

The writer, an ABC correspondent 
based in Cyprus, specializes in coverage 
of die Middle East aid Eastern Medi- 
terranean. He contributed das comment 
to the International Herald Tribune. ; 



East Asia’s Arms Trade Is Going Local 


L ONDON — Britain’s practice of 
t selling weapons to Malaysia and 
Indonesia while providing develop- 
ment aid has become an issue. Envi- 
ronmentalists and human rights advo- 
cates cry fool A committee of Par- 
liament is investigating whether there 
has been a violation of the rales 
against linking anns and aid. The con- 
troversy obscures the fact that the 
arms trade in East Aria is changing 
into a much more complex business. 

Sales of military hardware off the 
shelf are declining. Pnrhases of major 
weapons by East Asa in 1992 totaled 
$3.6 trillion, down from $52 biDioa in - 
1987 in constant-dollar prices. 

While arms exports io East Asa 
fall, competition between European 
and American weapons sellers inten- 
sifies. The provision of ■‘sweeteners," 
whether in bribes or linkage with aid 
projects, is tikdy to increase. 

More amts are being bought with- 
in the region. Just as East Asians 
learned to produce civilian goods 
that they once had to import from 
the West, so they are now expanding 
their arms industries. 

Spending on defense is not rising 
as a percaitage of GNP in East Asia 


By Gerald Segal 


No Shock Therapy for the Pentagon 


W ashington — O oh shock 

therapy can change the mind- 
set that developed in the U.S. De- 
partment of Defense during the 
Cold War. Since the end of the Ba- 
tin Wall in (989, the Pentagon has 
experienced a great deal of attempt- 
ed therapy and next lo ro shock. 

When the Bush administration 
was treating it benignly, one of the 
Pentagon's severest critics was Les 
Asp in. then chairman of the House 
Armed Services Committee. Mr. 
Aspin criticized the proposed 
downsizing of tie Pentagon to ad- 
just to the “new world order" as 
simply defense by subtraction, a 
response to the Pentagon's organi- 
zational needs rather than to 
threats to l .S. interests. 

He suggested that a radical, “bot- 
tom-up” review was needed if Amer- 
ica was lo get the peace dividend it 
earned from spending 57 trillion to 
outlast the Soviet aripire. Asa presi- 
dential candidate. Bill CEnton en- 
dorsed the .Aspin approach, and as 
president-dor, he selected Mr. M- 
pin to be secretary of defense to 
revolutionize the PentezotL 
After slightly more than a year of 
the Clinton admitusirauoeu it is 
dear that there will he tittle real 
change. Mr. Aspin is gone, and Mr. 
Clinton, after offering the job to 
such traditionalists as Bobby Ray 
Inman and Sam Nunn, said in his 
State of the Union address, "We 
must not cut defense further.” 
True, Mr. Aspin and his deputy 
and successor. W illiam perry, did 
cany out a review, but it w as bot- 


Bj Lawrence J. Korb 

tom-up m name only. It resulted in a 
barely changed military force and a 
military budget about 85 percent of 
the overage Grid War leveL 
The navy will maintain the 12 
carrier battle groups that it “needed” 
during most of the Cold War. The 
air force gave up some 200 tactical 
fighters but gained an equal num- 
ber of strategic bombers for tactical 
use. And white the army tost two 
active ground divirions, the ma- 
rines gained one and the army na- 
tional guard and army reserve were 
maintained a i Cold War levels. 

Relics of the Cold War tike the 
SSN-21 Seawolf submarine. Tri- 
dcnt-2 missile. F-22 fighter and 
Milsiar communications system 
survived the review even though the 
Soviet threat that brought about 
(heir development has gone away. 
Mr, Clinton taII spend more on the 
military than Richard Nixon did 
two decades ago — S26G biflit® 
compared with $230 billion in infla- 
tion-adjusted dollars — and the 
United States will spend more for 
national security than the rest of 
the world combined. Moreover, two 
years from now the nuBiary budget 
will begin to increase again. 

How did tins happen 1 ? Firct, in- 
stead of reinventing the Pentagon, 
the Pentagon reinvented the threat 
and played down (he contributions 
of America's allies. Tbe service 
chiefs convinced Mr. Aspin and Mr. 
Perry that the regional threats from 


axmtries like Iraq and North Korea 
(whose military spending is S20 bil- 
lion a year between than) are almost 
equal to that posed by the Soviet 
Union, winch spent about $300 b3- 


Thcy ignored the potential mili- 
tary roles of European countries in 
another regtona] war — say. anoth- 
er Gulf War — and minimized the 
South Korean mfliiar/s contribu- 
tion to its asm try’s defense. 

Second, Mr. Aspin and Mr. Feny 
did not tackle the 1948 agreement 
among fee Joint Chkfe ofStaff that 
tetetbefomannedseiyioesdoplkate 
one another’s efforts in many com- 
bat and support functions. 

Thud, a revamping of strategic 
nudear forces was put off for a year. 

The Ptentaam budget could easi- 
ly be reduced to $200 biQkm a year 
from its present $260 biDioa. A 
budget this rize would still ensure 
the preeminence of America's 
armed forces and their ability to 
handle any mitiGuy threats , lo tbe . 
national security. It would provide 
for IS ground divisions, 20 tactical 
air wings and nine carrier batik 
groups backed by an arsenal of 
T,000 strategic nudear weapons. 

Bfl] Clinton was elected presi- 
dent as -tbe candidate of ctange. 
He endlessly exhorts the nation 
not to fear change. Wire can’t he 
take his own advice? 

Mr. Kart, a national security spe- 

d oiisi, is a senior fellow at the Brook- 
ings Institution. He contributed this 
comment to The New York Times. 


because most countries ire in the 
midst of rapid economic growth. 
However, absolute spending oo dc- 
fense is increasing. From 1985 tcL 
1992, outlays rose by 28.5 percent in 
Japan, 63 percent in South Korea, 25 
patten tin China, 3kperceatm Ma- 
laysia, 36 pen^t in Singapore and 30 
percent in Taiwan. 

Many countries in the region have 
industries with advanced technology 
and a pool of eneneen and saentista. 
Hard-pressed defense industries in 
the West have teamed bom the civil 
sector just how capable the East 
Asians can become. Moreover, they 
need East Asian business. _ 

South Kara is acquiring UOF-16 
fighters from the United States, but . 
only 12 are being taught off the 
shelf; the rest will be assembled from 
kits or by co-production. Taiwan’s 
purchase of F-16s from America will 
involve a significant amount of work 
for tbe. Taiwan aerospace industry. 
Other states in the region are also 
using anm purchases from the^ West to 
lay the brats for an indigenous aero- 
space and weapons business. Malay- 
sia's arouisithMh of FA-18* from the ; 
United States includes (^production, 
as did Indonesia's aider of F- 16s. 

Of course, sometimes the desire for 
indigenizaikm has its {nice. This was 
seen in Sooth Korea’s development 
of an anti-aircraft system that could 
not distinguish between friendly and 
enemy planes. But Weston compa- ' 
nies realize the risks of underestimat- 
ing East Asuffl industry in its early 
stages. The region has a record of 
learning fast and then sending ex- 
ports to the. West and capturing sig- 
nificant dices of the market 

Arms mzsufacturen in the West 


arc mdmcd to cooperate, especially 
European companies that are often 
shut out of the United States on na- 
tional security grounds. 

The development of aerospace and 
defense businesses in East Asia has 
important lessons for- the wider 
world. Total arm* sates to tbe region 
wiU continue to fall, but that is not 
the part of the market to watch. In- 
stead. increasingly complex co-pro 
duction arrangements and co-owoer- 
ship of defense companies are tikdy. 
Just as more than half the trade be- 
tween developed industrial powers 
takes place within single multination- 
al firms, trade in the defense sector 
wiU gradually go the same way. 

China, anxious to limit arms sales 
to Taiwan, will find this process in- . 
creasingjy difficult to control 
Intanational Herald Tribune. ‘ 

Business as Usual 


T HE MOST imnortaai capital 
good produced m the West to- 
day remains not ail or automobiles or 
anphmes. It is annamehts. 

Many people imagine that the re- 
armament process was limited in 
time and place to the United States 
.ttjdjg .the right years of the Reagan 
- administration. la fact .it began 20 
years earlier and became a general- 
ized phenomenon throughout the 
West. It is now estimated to be a 
S9Q0-billiOEha-year business. 

Nothing in current moves toward 
detente and demili tarnation indicates 
that this will change No production 
cutbacks or economic conversions arc 
ham considered in any country that 
would have more than a token effect 
on the global armssyslem. . 

— John Ralston Said, commenting 
in The Washingon PdsL 


M 0(JB PAGES: 100. 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894s Viennese Ball 

VIENNA —The State Bad or Tiof- 
bafl," took place in die historic “Re- 
doutensaar of the Imoerial Bora. 


which was gaigeasly (teirated for 
the occasion and ror which some 
three thousand persons were invited. 
The costumes of the uobffity or Hun- 
gary, .Poland, Istria and Dalmatia, 
combined with the crowd of white 
and red. uniforms, mingiwl with the 
charming toileues of the ladies, 
formed a wonderful spectacle. Punc- 
tually at nise o’clock, the imperial 
procession was opened by the Grand 
Master of Ceremonies. General 
Count Hunyady and thcGramlMaf- 
(rede la Com. Prince Hohenlohc. 

1919: Fi^tOverFnune 

PARIS- —Whatever be the outcome, 
Serbia has shown sound political 
judgment and a high regard for the 
cause of peace by offering to submit 
to arbittittoa the question whether . 
Frame is to bdoug to Italy or to the 


new-born kingdom of Yogo-Slavia. 
• -Both Slates daim the port on stra- 
icgic, economic and sentimental 
grounds; mid the controversy result- 
ing from- the conflicting C laims has 
recently, become dangerously acri- 
mottious. Tbenppeal lo arKtration 
^rves the office of a safety-valve, 
hence is most welcome.- - 

1944: Carolines Bombed 

paofictleet' headquar- 
ters — [Fran our New York edi- 
tron:] Army Liberator bombing 
pian«. in their deqpesi_penetrarion 
into Japan s ocean empire, have at- 
-tacked a force ficnape Island, im- 
portant enemy base in the Cantina 
about 400 muss from tile great Truk 
navalbase. Admiral Chester W. Nim- 
ife announced today [Feb. I6L Fifty- 
five tons of bombs dropped on Pona- 
P® n P 0n on Feb. 14, hit shore 
ABstalteuons and sank a small cargo 
ship m Fonape harbor. The bombas 












L>® 


Y*SJ> 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


Page 7 


OPINION 



.iLd 



ose 



By E. j„ Dionn e Jr. 


\kT ASHINGTON — Should mid'. 

dle-dass and poor people have 
less power at the ballot hat than the 
wealthy? Should incumbents begin a 
campaign- with of ten-prohibitive ad-" 
vantages over the candidates who chal- 
ks* them? Should a targe number of 
places in the United States Senate be' 
reserved for millionaires? Idi. 

Most people would answer afl of these 
questions with ah emphatic “ho.” Yet 
the rising cost of American political 
campaigns has created a system that 
often answers “yes’* to each of them. 

What has happened to the "price of 
winning elections is riiralar to what has 
happened to the price of medicine. In 
hospitals there are those wonderful {and 
expensive} nw machines and proce- 
dures. In politics, there is the growing, 
importance of the paid political com- 
mercial increasihdy sophisticated poll- 
ing and direct man techniques, and the 
rise of an army of smart political consul- 
tants who get paid leisure-class fees for 
Tunning “populist" campaigns. 

Somebody has to finance all this. If 
you axe a multimillionaire, you can dip 
into your bank -account. That is one 
reason why in 1992atleast5IofthelOQ 
members of the. Senate were naffiorw 
aires. Millionaires . can spend what they 
want because the Supreme Court ruled 
in 1976, in Buckley v. Valeo, that it was* 
.violation of free-speech guarantees to 
stop them from doing, so. The court’s 
concern for the First Amendment was. 
admirable, but its decision gave a huge 
political advantage to the wealthy. . . 

If you axe not rich, you have to -go 
begging, and the most obvious people to 
beg from are the organizers of political 
actios committees for companies, 
fessianal groups and trade unions. ’ 
can write the biggest checks and usually 
give them to maunbons, on the self- 
fulfilling theory thatincurabents mil be 


back. Thus, House incumbents running 
in 1992 received eight times more PAC 
money than those who< 


rimes more PA< 

I them. 

And money matters even When there 
is noincumbenL In 1992 contests pitting 
newcomers against each ocher* toe can- 
didate spending more money won three 
races out Of fair. ' : 

AS these figures come from an impor- 
tant airidethat appeared last year in the 
Yale law and Po&y Review: Its authors. 
Jannh Raskin, a professor at American 
Unjvexsity’s law school and. John Boni- 

wgutfe that anew brarierhas been erected . 
to pohtkal participation. They caU-it the 
“wealth primary.” If candidates are to 
have .any chance of wmntbg jhe regular 
primary, not to mention tbedection, they 
need to raise huge sums &$l - 
They compare the . wealth primary to 
the old “white primaries” in the South, 
The courts struck down the white prima- 
ries, which deprived blacks of a chance 
to participate in Democratic primaries, 
the only voting that mMteredm the tbep 


y South. The wealth primary, 
tin and Mr. Boiiifaz contend, is 
tbesameson of violation of theConsti-. 
tunoo's equal protection guarantees. 

- The authors concede that their le 
theory is unlikely to win favor from . 
current Supreme Court But their argu- 
ment underscores why campaign fi- 
■ naxzre refonn is essential if America is to 
.preserve not just the Ions but also the' 
substance of democracy. Money, prop- 
erly, lubricates the economic market. 
Bui money is not supposed to play the 

- same dominant role m ihe political pro- 
cess. That is why’ bribery and vote-buy- 
ing are illegal Tne rule is, “one person, 
one vote,** not “one dollar; ewe vole" 
The law allows companies, buz sot the 
government to be bought and sold. 

s The solutions to this problem are at 
hand, embodied in competing bills 
passed by the Senate and the House. In 
different ways, they would place some 
limits on the cost of campaigns (the 
equivalent of medical cosioontamxneat) 
and provide some public financing to 
give challengers — and others unable or 
unwilling to raise big bucks — a fair 
chance to make their case. 

Public financing is often attacked as 
“taxpayer finmemg of politicians.” But 
imaimbeait poJitictaiB rredve such fi- 
nancing now, thanks to their large staff 
allotments and free mailing privileges. 
Campaign reform is designed to g ire a 
few of those' resources to challengers. 

Nonetheless, the reform effort could 
gtthungup on the public financing issue: 
There is an alternative, at least in the case 
of Senate races. It would involve requir- 
ing federally licensed television stations 
to aye a reasonable amount cf free time 
to Senate candidates within 45 or 60 days 
of the eleakm. This wndd takeoneof the 
costs outtif a campaign budget, 
re are problems with this, of 
course. Free-time provisions will not 
work for House elections, since they 
would create nightmarish problems for 
media markets covering dozens of 
House districts. Also, free rime amounts 
to a tax imposed on television stations 
and no one else. And Federal Co nun uni- 
cations Commission roles are such that 
channels available only on cable .would 
not.be covered by free- time provisions. 

Fred Wertheimer, president of Com- 
mon Cause and a longtime advocate of 
campaign reform, notes that free-time 
requirements are beginning to win broad 
acceptance across the political spectnnn. 

- He notes that Ross Perot, Bob Dole. BUI 
Clinton and William Buckley have all 
spokeniavorably of the idea in principle. 
Roe time, moreover, ts the rule tn almost 
every otha-Western democracy. 

- ' However it gets done, money’s writ in 
American politics has to be limited. Mil- 
lionaires would be able to buy as many 
cars and bouses as they want, but it 
should not be so easy for them to buy 

Senate seats, or die favor trf senatora. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 


•t 




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PO/TT COUtfT OH US! 
^John F (fZ/nto/i 





A Moment on His Way to the Bullfights 


P ARIS — Ernest Hemingway and 
Scott Fitzgerald had a friendship 
that blew hot and cold over two decades, 
h musi have been during a cold spell 
ihat Fitzgerald — as quoted not long 
ago by Peter S. Prescott — remarked. 
“Ernest would always give a helping 
hand to a man on a ledge a liule higher 
up." t Mr. Prescott was reviewing James 
R. Mellow’s biography “Hemingway: A 
Life Without Consequences." for The 
Washington Post.) 

I met Hemingway once when l was on 
a ledge lower than his. and giving a few 
idle thoughts tn jumping. 1 was a corre- 
spondent in the Pan*. bureau of United 
Press, a shelf of respectable height but 
Hemingway was a Nobel-prize winning 

MElYffHOLE " 

author. The encounter took place in the 
Ritz Bar. At that time it was decorated 
with handsome murals of 16th century 
horsemen and greyhounds in the days of 
Francis I. elongated El Greco-styie. 

The year was 1956. It was one of those 
beautiful summer evenings when the air 
of the He dc France, as 'someone once 
said, seemed filled with powdered gold. 
I was sitting at a table with The Girl. 
This was our farewell. The following 
day. all passion spent as far as she was 
concerned, she would be returning to the 
United States and 1. with love dead, 
hope gone and no further reason to live, 
would be joining the French Foreign 
Legion, entering a monastery or possi- 
bly even jumping off that ledge. 

We had just started a round of 
Bloody Marys. The Girl took a sip. 
looked idk around the room, and sud- 
denly. with more vivacity than 1 had 


By Arthur Higbee 

seen in weeks, exclaimed, “Isn’t that 
Ernot Hemingway?" 

Standing at the end of die bar. talking 
on the telephone, was a laJJ man with 3 
white beard, handsome and imposing 
enough 10 be God the Father 

"It's Hemingway, all nghi." I said. 

“Why don’t yoii ask him 10 have a 
drink with us?" she said, just knowing 1 
wouldn't dare. 

What mailer if the barman at the Ritz 
threw me out? My life was over anyway . 
“I'll ask him." I said. 

“No. no. don't." she said. "1 was just 
kidding." 

“I wasn’t." 1 said, squaring my shoul- 
ders and striding to the bar. Hemingway 
had just ended his phone call. 

“Mr. Hemingway. ’’ J said, “the young 
lady at the far table and I would like you 
to join us for a drink if you have time." 

He looked at me. then across the room 
at her. Whether it was because 1 was so 
obviously on the spot, or because she was 
so pretty 7 — she really did look like a cross 
between Gene Tierney and Audrey Hep- 
bum. as people often remarked — he 
said. “1'vc got another phone call to 
make, and then I'll join you." 

When I returned to the table The Girl 
asked. “Whai’d he say? What'd he say?" 

“He said he'd join us for a drink. 
Maybe he was just kidding." 

A few minutes later, with both of us 
studiously not looking toward the end or 
the bar. a shadow loomed over the table 
and Hemingway sat down. We ordered a 
another round of Bloody Marys. 

Hemingway told us he was going 
down to Spain for the bullfights. He said 
he had fullv recovered from injuries suf- 


fered when his small plane had crashed 
in the African jungle a few months be- 
fore. He asked me what kind of car J 
drove, and when ! fold him I had a 
Triumph TR-2 — a big engine for a 
small chassis — he remarked. "Get up 
the manifold pressure in one of those 
and you can really roll " 

We chatted for a few moments. Then 
be looked at his watch and said. “I'd like 
to stay longer but I've got a dinner date. 
Nice talking to vou." 

The Girl took my hand and smiled 
warmly at me for the first time in weeks- 
“You’ve got nerve." she said. 

1 signaled for the check. “ Monsieur 
Hemingway a pave. " the waiter said. Mr. 
Hemingway had paid for the drinks. 

It turned out 10 be 3 beautiful eve- 
ning. with things just the way they had 
been once upon a time. Though The Girl 
was committed to leaving the next 
morning — she had some family obliga- 
tions back in the States — she said she 
would come back in the falL and she diet 
Bui that is another story. 

I read years later that Hemingway, 
world-famous but not instantly recogniz- 
able to absolutely everybody, liked it 
u-hen strangers came up 10 him and asked 
him to sign his autograph or have a drink. 

Anyway, he gave me a helping hand 
when I was on a ledge below his. 

Intemationul Herald Tribune. 


Lei ten intended jar public anon 
should he addressed “Letters to the 
Editor'' and contain the writer's .sig- 
nature. name and full address. Let- *' 
lers should be brief and are suh/ea to . 
editing lie cannot be responsible for 
the return of unsolicited mamacnpis. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


A Thnely Military Move Mistake, or Much Worse? 


Moving weapons systems such as Pa- 
triot missies to the Korean Peninsula is 
not only a valid political message but a 
timdy trrititary move. Two years as a 
tactical planner in Seoul taught me one 
unforgettable lesson: any war in Korea 
wifi be a come-as-you-are affair for our 
stile. Why? North Korea's forces are 
massed near the DM2L thus reducing to 
near zero both warning and time to rein- 
force the South before ibe bullets fly. 

Bartering until an outlaw country to 
convince it to observe a ueary to which it 
is a party flies in the face of’ the sensible 
conduct or international affairs. Pyong- 
yang is bound by international law to 
observe its nudear commitments. If it is 
unwilling to accept that ample fact of 
interna uona! life, there is neither hope of 
negotiating with the Kiras nor any reason 
to believe their diplomatic undertakings. 

There is every reason to prepare now 
for the North to initiate hostilities with 
little or no warning, Kim II Sung proved 
his willingness to do so 44 years ago. 

Darrell m. lowe. 

Rabat. Morocco. 


Regarding “In This Caricature of 
America, Everybody Skates A h ot Scot- 
free" (Opinion. Feb. ?i by T. R. Reid: 

Indeed it is a sorry time and state of 
affairs when the justice system becomes 
hostage to a dubious new set of “values." 
Police beat a man senseless on video: 
sons confess to murdering their parents: 
wives are battered; a husband's penis is 
severed: a man “protects" his home by- 
shooting and killing a Halloween “intrud- 
er" — and the perpetrators all manage to 
find juries that more or less pardon them. 

After the German judge set Iree the 
man who stabbed Monica Seles last year 
at a Hamburg tennis tournament, we 
now have a shameful new case of acqui- 
escing to a $25-miHicm-doUar lawsuit 
and/or politically correct judgment in 
the Tonya Harding case. 

What sort of precedents and examples 
are we creating for future generations by 
these scandalous sentences and sleazy 
coun cases shown on television at ail 
hours of the day? Besides all the laken- 
for-granted violence. With the ruthlessly 
ambitious Tonya Harding allowed to 


skate for the United States in the Olym- 
pics. where are the simple rules of fair 
play, sportsmanship, pride and honor? 

N JNGWERSEN. 

Hamburg 

The Olympics, like everything else 
that has to appeal to a large number of 
people, have for some lime been totally 
commercialized (or call it "sponsor- 
ized"). Even if Tonya Harding did 
know of the attack against Nancy Ker- 
rigan before it occurred, she should be 
allowed to skate at the Games. After 
all. there are only two women skaters in 
the world who can do the three and a 
half turns required for the triple axel. 

If Miss Harding wins the gold medal. 
1 hope she will pass along graciously, 
and of her own tree will. 10 percent of 
the SiO to SJ5 million that a gold medal 
will earn her. with an apology and a 
“let's forget it" letter 10 Miss Kerrigan. 
When one is young, and comes from a 
family of modest means, one just wants to 
succeed at any price. A mistake should be 
allowed, provided it is not repeated. 

OTTO H. NOWOTNY 
Basel. Switzerland. 


Today's German Military 

Regarding “Wider SATO Games T' 
iJan. lip. 

General Klaus Naumann is by no 
means commander in chief of the Ger- 
man armed forces, or Bundeswehr. His 
correct title is inspector general of the 
armed forces. 

In peacetime, the post of commander 
in chief is held by the federal minister of 
defense. Volker Rflhe. according to the 
German constitution. 

Should war break out. command 
would automatically go to Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl. 

The German constitution thus pro- 
vides (hat any kind of governmental 
power, including command of the mili- 
tary. should be held exclusively by 
democratically elected representatives 
of the people. 

DIETRICH 1.E1MSNER. 

K&nigsiein. Germany. 

Unfortunate Example 

Reg/mbng “ Midshipmen Who Lied and 
Cheated : H7uu Went Wrong?" (Feb. 2i: 


This report on the ethical vacuum 
at the United States Naval Academy 
failed to mention an obvious contribut- 
ing factor: the appalling behavior of 
the academy graduate Oliver North, 
class of 1968. Such “heroes" serve as 
negative role models. 

CHARLES R. NEWKIRK. 

U.S. Naval Academy. Gass of 1%3. 

Gerbrunn. Germanv. • 


Women in Parliament 

Regarding “ The Eternal Butler" (Fea- 
tures. Jan. 25(; 

Lady Astor was the first woman to 
sit in ihe House of Commons but not 
the first woman elected to Parliament. 
Thai honor belongs 10 Countess Mar- 
kovitz of Ireland. However, the count- 
ess did not take her seat in Parliament 
because of Irish differences with Eng- 
land. 

FLORENCE M MURPHY. 

Colorado Springs. 


BOOKS 


TIME AND CHANCE: . 
Gerald FordV Appoint- 
ment Wth History 

By James Cannon. 496 pages. 
$25. HarperCdllins. 

Reviewed by 
Douglas Brinkley 

W HEN a perepiripg and barely 

composed Richard Nixon an- ' 
nounced his resignation as president 
an Aug. 8. 1974, under threat of 
imminent impeachment by the 
House Judiciary Committee, mB- 
bons of television viewers knew they 
were witnesses a tragic and unprec- 
edented moment in history. The 
next day. not tong after Nixon gave 
his famous^ “victor/ 1 salute and env 
barked on a one-way flight to San 
Clemente, California, Michigan’s 
plain-spoken congressman, Gerald 
R. Ford, was sworn in. as the 38th 
U.S.preskteflL •- 

Ford, the man who stepped up 10 
; the plate ur the midst of ihe United 
States's greatest constitutional crisis 
since the Gvfl War, has been alter- 


| WHAT THEY RE READING | 

•Roberi Cowley, editor of the 
Quarterly Journal of Mffiiaiy His- 
tory, is reading “The Orchard Keep- d 
er" by Connac McCarthy. f 

“He is one of the great literary 1 
stylists of our tune. If I were react ^ 
ing writing,; there sac passages I 
would: read out loud in my students. 

He is a Southern novelist with all of 
ibe depth of Faulkner but more ac- 
cesaHeand without the dead weight 
of that Faulknerian prose.” 

( Lawrence Malkin. 1HT) 




^ „ figure for serious scholarly 
inquiry, John Updike went so far as 
to mockingly title his receninowd — 
about a junior college professor, and 
academic triviaKsl — “Memories of 
the Ford Administration." 

With “Time and Chance," howev- 
er, those days of scholarly neglect 
arid cocrtica] triviaHzatirei are over. 
James Cannon, former national af- 
fairs editor for Newsweek and . 
Ford's dooKSiic pofay adviser, has 
written a superbly provocative and' 
arresting biography that traces 
Feed’s Itfe from his July 14, 1913, 
birth in Omaha, Nebraska, to hts 
SepL 8. 1974, decision to pardon 
Nixon of all Watergate conspiracy - 


charges. Although Cannon is clearly 
syiraraihetic to his former boss, 
“Time and Chance" is for the most 
pan diligent, objective irisiory, com- 
bining thorough archival research 
and almost 300 interviews with 
Chnnon’s own political analysis. It is 
also a highly readable story that not 
only elevates Ford lo near great- 
ness. but also transforms “the long 
national nightmare of Watergate" 
into a national triumph.' By docu- 
menting Ford's fifekxjg obsession’ 
with truth and honesty. Cannon is 
able to argue convincingly that there 
was do preresignation pardon deal 
made between Nixon and Ford- 
Much of “time and Chance" is 
devoted to tracing the personalities 
of Ford and Nixon, pour opposites 
in character who. shared almost 
identical Republican philosophies, 

- as they emerged as young Washing- 
ton leaders! Fowl was thnDed when 
Eisenhower selected Nixon to be bis 
vice presidential candidate in 1952 
and stood loyally by him when Tom 
Dewey tried w force him off -the 
ticket because of Nixon's “secret 
v^mprign fund." Nixon never forgot 
Ford’s support- Both men were" 
highly ambitious, with Nixon warn- 
ing no job. short of jfae presidency 
*nd Ford heB-bent on someday be- 


coming speaker crftbe House. Yet if 
members in both parties distrusted 
“Tricky Dick," they aU respected 
“Jerry” for his honesty and concilia- 
tory, bipartisan approach 10 con- 
gressional decision-making; so 
much so that LBJ appointed him as 
the only Republican member of the 
House to serve rat the Warren Coro- 
mjsskm’s investigation of JFK's as- 
sassination. 

But for afl his innate goodness. 
Fosti was still capable of dealing in 
the Nixonian games of low-rent 
politics: irresponsibly insisting that 
LBJ bomb Hanoi during the 196S 
presidential campaign: leading the 
unconscionable effort to impeach 
the towering liberal Supreme Court 
Justice William O. Douglas for a 
possible minor eonflicl-of-imcresi 
infraction; and callously dumping 
Vice' President Nelson Rockefeller 
during his doomed 1976 presidential 
campaign, in favor of Bob Dole. 
(Fort has called his treatment of 
Rockefeller “one of the few conoid- 
i I did in ray titeT) But what 

feren dated the pipe-puffing Ford 
from; most other outspoken politi- 
cians was the liability factor the 
fad that everybody in Washington 

knew he was true to his word, could 
keep a secret and abhorred lies. 


There were high-minded Repub- 
licans, too many to name, who. like 
Ford thought that public service 
and duty, not back-room deals and 
raw power itself, were the rewards 
of being an elected official. In the 
end these Republicans disowned 
Nixon and were infuriated that 
Ford pardoned him. A year later 
many of these Republicans would 
abandon Ford for Ronald Reagan 
in his failed attempt to seize the 
Republican presidential nomina- 
tion in 1976. “Time and Chance" 
makes it convincingly clear, howev- 
er, that though unpopular and po- 
litically fatal Nixon’s pardon was 
the riyit thing lo do. 

Only a brief summary chapter of 
“Tune and Chance” assesses Ford's 
895 days as president. “Time and 
Chance” lead? one to conclude that j 
die Ford administration represents 
a subtle but dear break with the 
JFK-LBJ’bHxoa past and shares 
common ground with the Carter 
and first Reagan administrations, in 
that its primary objective was to 
restore die public's Taith in govern- 
ment No matter Nixon's fate, when 
the full record is examined, history 
will treat Gerald Ford kindly. 

Douglas Brinkley, a professor oj 
history at the University of Hew Or- 
leans' and the author of biographies 
of Dean Aches on and James Forres- 
tak wrote this for The Washington 
Post. 


Washington & 
World Business 

THE OUTLOOK FOR GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP 



E 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Tmscott 

O N the diagramed deal James 
E Cayne. president raid chief 
executive of Bear. Stearns fnc. 
demonstrates the skill that has wop 
him many national titles. His part- 
ner is Kathie-Wei-Sender of Nash- 
ville. 

In deference to Mrs- Sernk* 
well-kDown preference for the Fre- 
risiori System. Caytifi 
Sooth hand with one dub. strong 
and. artificial- Hisi?arti«r^^lcd 
the rae-spade overcall, J? 

her methods dthera rdauyefy bal- 
anced band with 5 to 8 P 0 *® 15 . ' 

stronger hapd lackinga qpade stop- 

was questionable: Six dui® wo 
haw been decidedly bettor- ...■■■ 
- Soulbwon ihe opatiiigjpade- 
lead with the ace and. 
maids, cashing the ace and tong. 


He cashed the chib ace and led to 
the diamond queen. This revealed 
the diamond position, and he was 
nowjurethat West had begun ^ with 
five spades, at least,,oad four dia- 
monds. ■ ' V 

' East ored by giving up a heart 
on the : tbird round of. diamonds, so 
when the king and ace. of hearts 
were played Cayne knew the whole 
4ayouL East would not give up a 
heart wTlh n four-card holding, so 
Westwas markedwitb dis- 
tribution. 

Irwciuid have been a mistake to 
cadi another heart mnner, which 
was needed as an entry. Instead 
South finessed the club nine suc- 
cessfully, retying on his assessment . 
^thedxrtribtUknOPben this won, 
he was able rotake two more heart • 
tiicksifi dummy, take another dub 
finesse, and make aU 13 tricks. Tins . 
was « gain of 13 imps, for m ibe 


replay North-South played in three 
no-trump. . 

north 

♦ 98 

7 A Q 188 
' OAQ87 

♦ 54 5 

. WEST EAST (D) 

♦ KQJT6 ♦5432 

0782 7J84 

0 J 1095 0*9 

♦ 7 , . ♦QM82 

SOUTH 

♦ A 10 
?K53 

■ *R43 - 

* - -♦ A KJ 9 8 . 

. North and 'South, were vtanarmbte. 

The bidding: 

East South West 1 . North 

Pus 1* T ♦ DM. 

Pass !♦ Paw !♦ 

Pass I KT. Pare ' 3 ♦ 

Paw' 3d P»» . .39 

Paw 3 ♦ ■ Pats . * MT. 

Pass ‘ hw Paw • 

West ted the spade tong. • 


TO OUR 
READERS 
IN FRANCE 

It's never 
been easier 
to subscribe 
and save 
.with our new 
toll free 
service. 

Just call us 
today 

at 05437 437 


The second Washington 
& World Business conference will take 
place in Washington , D. C., on April 21-22, 1 994. 

A distinguished group of speakers from, government, 
leading corporations and the legal and financial sectors 
from the U.S. will examine the outlook for global partnership. 
The demand fen' delegate places at this conference will be 
extremely high. For further information, please contact: 
Jane Benney, International Herald Tribune, 

63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH , or 
Telephone: (44 71) 836 4802. 

Fax: (44 71) 836 0717. 


CO-SPONSORED BY 

THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL OF AMERICAN CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE 
AND THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE 





S^5£aafe | 


Page 8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


HEALTH /SCIENCE 


Encouraging AIDS News 


— rn r^— very heartening but he cautioned. “This should not be 

By Uina Kolata read as an excuse that we don’t have to worry about 

*>» IVrf Tiwn Senive AIDS anymore.” 

~ ~ ~~~ ' 7" Dr. Ward said the AIDS epidemic was stowing across 

Ew YORK — The AIDS epidemic has ihe United States but had not yet reached its peak. The 
passed us peak m San Francisco, the first epidemic is concentrated in a few cities, he said, 
city to be struck by the disease, the city's j n New York, said Dr. Mark Chassin, the state 
health department said. _ health commissioner, the epidemic is very different 

The number of new AIDS cases reached its highest f rom the one in San Francisco. The number of cases 

level in 199.* 10 years after the peak year for HIV among homosexual and bisexual men has flattened 

infft'llAHC I nr I fiM# ikA ka»I«L -L.., . _ « t tw . : _ 






A Step Forward in Cancer Fight 


p3*p50 




1 ::S /*• 


infections. Last year, the health department said, the 0U | but not dropped. The number among intravenous 
number of new cases dropped by 50 percent, reflecting drug users and tneir heterosexual partners continues 


\;%W: 


number oi new cases dropped by 50 percent, reflecting drug users and their heterosexual partners continues 
fhe effectiveness or prevention programs that were put l0 increase. 

into effect in Ihe 1980s. Health department research- u j would hesitate to conclude from the San Francis- 
ers said they expected the number of new cases to co experience that we’re over the hill ." Dr. Chassin 
continue lo decline but more slowiv said. “I know we’re not in New- 

over the next three years. York." 

“This is good news," said Dr. rrn • / * / BuL Dr. Des Jariais said, efforts 

George Lemp. the chief of the ser- I tie epiueWIC DBS in New York to prevent new infec- 
oepidemioiogy and surveillance i - » ■ lions in intravenous drug users, in- 
branch of the San Francisco health BBSS 6(1 ItS pe&K W duding the distribution of dean 

department's AIDS office. “We be- ^ r> • needles, are having an direct, 

lieve we've altered the course of the OBJ! t V3TI CISCO a£> He said that at the start of the 

AIDS epidemic in San Francisco.” i - AIDS epidemic 13 percent of New 

But others warned asainsi com- IltfrV l urtil/Jr. VofFt intravniniis Hnio hw« 




iiifiob: 

; ■ «\e • • 




hr+-‘-'' 
i . “ V'-nr 
!■■■■ ■ •8Q:' 



By Sandra Blakeslee 

Afar Yak Times Service 


EW YORK — After decades of exenta- 
a ring effort and cutthroat competition, 
chemis ts haw ■e ypihesiTg d taxoL a CaDCGT 
drug that i$ arguably die most complex 
molecule ever cobble d lyh"- by- h wnan IwnHt 
The achievement. announced fay .two rival lab- 
. oratories, b a-major coup in synthetic chemistry, 
said Dr. Matt Stiffness. program director of bio- 
chemistry and pharmacology grants at the Nation- 
al Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland. 




AU/a epidemic in San Francisco. , J AIDS epidemic 13 percent of New 

But others warned against com- slcrr (abra ucxltiic. York's intravenous drug users were 

placency. Jeffrey Levi, the director becoming infected each year. Now, 

of public policy ai ihe AIDS Action be said, the figure is 6 to 8 percent. 

Foundation in Washington, said that even if the epi- The number of new HIV infections in San Francisco 

demic was waning in San Francisco, other communi- was highest in 1982. when about 8.000 new infections 


•> -\ V; 








The New Y«i Tdnp* 


Now that taxol can be made in the laboratory. 
Dr. Suffness said, researchers have new tods to 
improve the molecule. Taxol, hailed as a cure for 
ovarian cancer, has not lived up to those early 
claims - Dr. Suffness said, but has nevertheless 
proved to be a very effective and important arm- 
cancer age nt in ongoing dmiral trials. 

Two chemists emerged, as winners. in a photo 


finish in the race to synthesize 

nose, is Dr. Robert Holton, a profef* “ 1 

State University whose report will be 

The JotiraaTof the American Chemical Society. 

WdbDr- K.C Nicdaou, 8 dwrnst at the 

Scrmps Research Institute in La JoRa, Ohfoima, 

whose work is described in the journal Nature. 

TaxoL a substance isofaled from the Pacific yew 
cancer Mingrftas in tte 
early 1960s, and hsstn>ctiircwasd^«tedm 1971.. 
Axfts core, taxd contains fotircaifcon nags Jhat 
are folded tip in a cup 

carbon atoms, two have six catbon atoms andthe 
fourth has four atoms. Hung all over this structure 
~,iui fimrrinnal erattox' dangling dumps 


and nitrogen atoms that interact with 
and with outside molecules. 


In deciphering such molecules, synthetic chem- 
ists study the structural dements, spm them 
around in their mind’s eye and on computer 
screens and then uy to find ways to strtcli them 
together in die test tube. 


ties were still recording more cases and that thegood were reported. Now, the number is down to about 


news from San Francisco still depended on continued 
prevention efforts. 


1 .000 new infections a year. Dr. Lemp said. 

But. Dr. Lemp said, even a rate of 1.000 new 


Ethiopian Perfects Vaccine for Cattle 


Recent reports oT young high-risk men in San Fran- infections a year, “is too high and unacceptable.” He 
cisco having unprotected sex are raising fears that the added he and his colleagues suspected that man y of 


By Mary Anne Fitzgerald 


effectiveness of prevention programs may be waning, those new infections were among young gay men who 
It lakes about 10 years for an HIV infected person to were having unprotected anal intercourse 


develop AIDS. 


Dr. Lemp added, however, that educational efforts 


At 4 percent. San Francisco has the highest percent- were undo* way to stop a second wave of tire epidemic, 
age of people infected with HIV. the virus that causes -We have lots of efforts to Mock it." be said. “There is 


AIDS, in any U.S. city. Nearly all of those infected are certainly a lot of information out there. It’s nothing 


gay or bisexual men. U.S. health officials say that like it was in the early *80s when we didn't even know 
nationally their projections show a decrease in the AIDS existed.” 


proportion of AIDS cases among gay and bisexual Dr Ump ^ tire prevention efforts that were so 


. . , — * . tNMu iuv uiv*v.uuv>u wivuto utai rn.iv jv 

men and anmenase in the proportion among peop'e ^ San Frtincisco were “comprehensive. 

*■' Tffiw.'te- fc dW or HIV «, AIDS —***!? dl0m -~ 


surveillance at the Centers for Disease Control and For example, he said, one important program was to 


Prevention in Atlanta, said San Francisco could serve establish peer groups where young gay men could get 


as a model of effective prevention programs. ivbcuk;i ami mi*, nwui mar i 

Dr. Mervyn Silverman, president of the American “d ^ ow 10 protect themselves. 


together and talk about their risk erf HIV infections 


Foundation for AIDS Research, said the change in “Sometimes, for younger people, you have to call 


behavior among gay men in San Francisco was unpar- them parties to make it more attractive, to get people 
allded in the history of medicine, it was a change that interested in meeting other people and to learn to 


many said could not occur or could not be maintained, negotiate safe sex and to support each other," Dr. 
Dr. Don C. Des Jariais. the director of research at Lemp said. 


Beth Israel Medical Center's chemical dependency- 
center in New York and an expert on AIDS among 


In this case, prevention would 


intravenous drug users, called ine San Francisco data think it's the most effective vaccine.” 


: vaccine and I 


IN BRIEF 


A New Assault on Mars 

NEW YORK (NYT) — The National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration is making plans for a new 


program of Mars exploration. It will begin with the 
launching of two small unpiloted flights in November 


launching or two small unpiloted flights in November 
1996, in an attempt to recover as quickly as possible 
from the failure of the Mars Observer mission last 


summer. 

The 10-year program would involve relatively low- 
cost spacecraft including some designed to make 
scientific observations from orbit and others capable 
of landing on the Martian surface. The launchings 
would be scheduled every 25 months, taking advan- 
tage of each favorable launching opportunity that 
occurs as Mars comes into alignment with Earth. 

Bv the end of the flights. NASA planners said, 
scientists should have a broad understanding of the 
annual climate cycles on Mars, the surface mineralogy 
and chemistry' and the detailed topography of poten- 
tial landing sites for humans. 


been searching through plants and herbs to find their 
own medicines.” And. he said, “people do find medi- 
cations other than the official ones. I think marijuana 
is one." 

Others vehemently disagree. Dr. William Bennett, 
an expert on high blood pressure and kidney disease at 
Oregon Health Sciences University in Portland, op- 
poses what he calls the “medicalization" of the mari- 
juana issue. Bennett said he and his wife joined the 
anlidrug movement after their son died suddenly, with 
cocaine in his blood. He is strongly against making 
marijuana legal. 


EBRE ZEIT. Ethiopia — It is 
Timkat in Debre Zeit. the holy 
day that cdebraies Christ’s bap- 
tism in tire Ethiopian Orthodox 
Church. A silent crowd watches tire priests as 
they parade beneath a blaze of brightly col- 
ored silk umbrellas. 

“I was supposed to become a priest so I 
learned whole bodes of verse in Geez. It's the 
ancient Inngmy of our church. I didn't 
understand a word of what it meant, but it 
helped tne later on when I had to memorize 
anatomy ” said Dr. Tilahun Yllma, a molec- 
ular biologist who was in the audience. 

His voice, which is unalloyed Californian, 
his camera and his ««nai sports clothes 
mark him as a man of two cultures. He is one 
of thousands of Ethiopians who chose self- 
imposed exile during tire years under the 
tyrannical Lieutenant Colonel Mengistu 
Haile Mariam when more than a milli on 
people died as a result of famine, aimed 
uprisings and state-authorized terror. 

New Dr. Yilma is back to see what be can 
do for his country. His gift to his native land 
of a recombinant, or genetically engineered, 
rinderpest vaccine is a considerable one. 

The vaccine would enable peasant herders 
lo eradicate a disease that has plagued then- 
cattle for a century. If this opportunity is 
taken, it would save this poverty-stricken 
country in tire Horn of Africa millions of 
dollars and earn millions of dollars more. 


ries. However, it is still a scourge in Africa, 
Asia and the Middle East that deprives car- 
de-rearing countries of billions of dollars of 
income. Related to canine distemper, and 
human measles, rinderpest is considered the 
Third World's most vicious livestock IdDer. - 
Animals infected with the virus develop fe- 
ver, diarrhea and ulcers. In less than two; 
wedcs most of the herd is dead. 

In 1970, fresh from the .University of Cali- 
fornia with a doctorate in veterinary medi- 
doe. Dr. Yilma returned to head a rinderpest 
program in the western province of Harar. It 
was part of a campaign to eradicate the the 
disease in Africa. Some 124 million bead of 
cattle were inoculated with Plowright vac- 
cine. Because the vaccine was made from 
tissue culture, it is sensitive to heat and had 
to be kept refrigerated to be effective. 

As they were operating in remote areas . 
where there were only trades for roads and ' 
the temperature soared to 100 degrees Fahr- 
enheit (37.8 centigrade), executing tire pro- 
gram was a logistical and administrative 
nightmare. Dr. Yuma and a colleague almost 
lost their lives when their Land Rover broke 
down in the Ogaden desert, leaving them 
stranded without water for three days. They 
were rescued by nomadic Issa tribesmen. 
Just over a decade later, in the early ’80s, the 
virus broke out again and spread through 
East and West Africa like a bush fire. Along 
the Ethiopia border vets were unable to vac- 
cinate cattle because of fighting. The loss in 
cattle amounted to S400 millio n 


zones. This decision coincided sercudipi- 
tously, with the birth of molecular biology. 


tecfanology Was now m his sights, appro val in 


company in the world, requested his assis- 
tance. The company had developed gamma 
interferon prouiaion agamst cancer by using 
tire recombinant DNA approach. Bui they 


were up against a two-month deadline to. there before regulatory people had any idea 
present clinical data tbtire U.S. Food arid what- DNA was. There weren’t the trained 
Drag Administration for approval needed to people in place to evaluate it So when you 




ministration for approval needed to people in place to evafaate it So when you 
market the product commerciBliy. donl know. you block it." 

EVERAL vuokfcists had already w Jhe prindpd 
failed to cometro with the required 'MeDon. a ^pokeswomm fbrCoMcmed Sa- 
dat* ^Y2rars^ededmt^ entists,wfaosaloii*efir« USATOapprwal 

weeks. Gene&ttch was » grateful' *** °°S? *5?" 


they agreed to teaefa farm f wtc?; n pcr,-^»- kin, she is concerned with the impact on the 


He worked 15-hour days. 


In 1986 the U. SL Agency for fntenta&rial “« u - wepamneni at Agpnuuirc uj conn 
Development received its firSt-fcnds-ftoai ^ engineered 

Congress Cor research in molecular bidtogv. rabies vacane. He had lost the rase, but it 
Dr Yilma told the agency tWW tlTS^M- ’had made the department wary. The battle 
have some of money he Would develop lasted five years. It wasn't 

rinderpost vaccine. The agency gave mra ri*™ a new committee sal that mauded 
5900000 -. - - - • ' ■ r* : V ' jvdnger scientists familiar with genetic engt- 

He first identified the B (haemaggatininO tha t the vaccine was finally approved 

and F (fusion) genes Bom the. nndarprat^'P st 

virus as ones that reproduce a smfatre^mpfc^Tri January, tests began in Kenya. Dr. 
ciile that provokes - an mwim rtoctfixt - Yilma hopes to launch tests in Ethiopia as 
Then he cut than out of tbe viniS midroSced r ^dL And, if everything goes according to 
tbmn onto the vacdxda he wmrtslo dosome « the field trials in 

in the eradication oLsnaQpooLv ^ ‘, ^h?njswtirera. Sudan and Somatia where civil war 
■ The beauty (rf tins gezreticenpneerigg f^ l^^QFF^.anveteriiuiypractkz: Tire g^ 
is that the vacane is easy to use. Ft 'car bc "is ootofifie bottle and in Africa at Iasi 
administered by a simple scratch pc — — = — - 

ly and is not sensitive to heal or light, from ’ FiugeraM is a- London-based 

also be i^K^uoed ea^y assd cS^^’^^Journi^ v^o cams Afnoa. ' 


iy taken 


forintemafidnal *e U.S. Department ofApiaJ tore to court 


Rinderpest wiped out 200 milli on cattle in 
Europe in tire 18th century. Now in tire 
developed world, it is even more anachronis- 
tic than smallpox. It only exists in laborato- 


Dr. Yilma, who by this time had added a 
PL D. in viral microbiology to his creden- 
tials. was distressed by how civil wars impede 
Africa's development He decided to develop 
a technology that could easily be reproduced 




“Marijuana has never been shown safe and effective 
for anything — not one single study," Bennett said. Its 


active ingredient, delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol, is 
prescribed in pill form to prevent nausea and vomit- 


T enacious M alaria Outwits Treats 

• - - . • • / ■ . ' . •. : • ..i.. ‘ . • ‘*».v W.. 1 ,-' .',-4 - *. 7 


ing, but Bennett said it was only slightly better than a 
dummy pilL 


By David Brown 

Washington Pan Semctr 


Debate on Marijuana, Again 

NEW YORK (NYTj — Therapy or threat? The old 
questions about marijuana are surfacing once again, as 
advocates of legalizing marijuana see glimmers of 
hope in the Clinton administration. After being nomi- 
nated as surgeon general but before she was con- 
firmed. Dr. Joycelyn Elders said she believed that 
marijuana ought to be legal Tor medical use. 

Dr. John Morgan, a professor of pharmacology at 
the Gty College of New York, is persuaded by the 
anecdotes he hears. He said he believed that marijuana 
was probably effective in controlling the nausea and 
vomiting of chemotherapy and also the nausea and 
terrible wasting syndrome that often strikes people 
with AIDS. 

“I have personal contact with a number of people 
who said dial smoked marijuana was far and away tire 
best treatment Tor nausea and vomiting." Dr. Morgan 
said. 

“In the modern age. we've come to rely on high tech, 
dnuble-hlind controlled trials." Dr. Morgan said. But, 
at the same lime, he added, “people, for years, have 


Contact Lenses and Sleep 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — People who regularly 
wear contact lenses while sleeping are least eight times 
more likely to suffer eye damage than those who do 
not. a study released this week said. 

“The main point is that most of the risk is due to 
overnight wear, not lens type." said Dr Oliver Scfaein 
of the Johns Hopkins W timers Cornea Service and 
Dana Centre for Preventive Ophthalmology and a 
senior author of the study. “Even adequate lens care 
hygiene, although recommended, does not protect the 
wearer against the excessive risk of overnight wear.” 
he said. 


W ASHINGTON Between 
1982 and 1986, the death rate 
from malaria in the pediatric 
wards of the largest hospital in 
Zaire rose from 4.8 percent to 153 percent. 

In 1986. none of the Peace Corps volun- 
teers working in villages in the West African 
country of Benin contracted malaria while 
taking a drug called chloroquine. In 1987, all 
of them did. 


Wearing lenses overnight can cause the cornea, the 
clear coining of the eye. to become infected by- 
bacteria and other germs, according to the srudy. 

The study concludes that removing either dispos- 
able or conventional extended-wear contacts at night 
would reduce the rate of inflammation of the cornea 
by os much as 74 percent. 

The study was conducted by scientists at the Wil- 
mer Eye Institute, the Oregon Health Sciences Uni- 
versity's Casey Eye Institute and Michigan State 
University. 


The reason for both of these disturbing 
events w-as that the microorganism that 
causes malaria had become resistant to ctalo- 
roquine. the standard medicine used to pre- 
vent and treat the disease for the previous 40 
years. 

Last week, researchers in Kenya — where 
chloroquine has been useless for a decade — 
reported that more than 25 percept of malar- 
ia cases in a recent study were resistant to the 
two more modem and oepenshe antiraalarir 
al drugs, mefloquine and doxycycline. ' 

Across all of sub-Saharan Africa — in- 
deed. in all of the world's tropical regions — 


malaria is making a comeback as one of the 
great killers of human beings. ... 

Reliable statistics are hard to get in many 
developing countries where malaria is en- 
demic. Current estimates are thar the disease 
causes 200 million cases of clinical illness a 
year, and up to 2 million deaths — though 
some epidemiologists believe the toll may be 
twice as high More than three-quarters of 
the mortality occurs in Africa, chiefly among 
children. The World Bank last year issued a 
report predicting that mortality from malar- 
ia may double in the next decade. 

The return of malaria, however, is neither 
explosive nor. in an age of high-profile catas- 
trophes. eroedally arresting. It does not 
awaken collective dread in wealthy. Western 
and temperate nations where the disease has 
been virtually extinct for four generations. 

Malaria is caused by a family of micro- 
scopic parasites called Plasmodium, and 
transmitted by the bite of certain species of 
mosquitoes. It is characterized by high fever, 
prostration and the rupture of red blood 
cells. In its worse cases, malaria causes life- 
threatening anemia, coma or death. 

In much of the world, it is a disease no- 
body escapes. 

In surveys in some villages of western 


Kenya, virtually aH.<Mdreh under age 5 
have detectable Plismcxfi nm in. 
stream on any given, day^Many nrf rtbose 
infections are “subc£nkaL" tiH3^ a'OeAmn 
percentage progress to illness, and some of 
those to death. 


partial immunity. In the Kenyan iurvey^ 
about 40 percent of adults were found to 
. have bloodstream parasites on ^ tlaY. - “ ' • 
There was a. tirae-wheo^ub^beahh^N^ 
rialists thought malaria cotdd be wiped oat 
in some tropical countries. -In Sri Lanka.' a 
campaign to kfll off mosquitoes with DDT 
reduced the number of confirmed malaria, 
cases to 10 in 1963. Tit the tatfT96f&Tfe£' 
insect “vectors” developed vridesprcad resist 
tance to the pesticide: By 1970, Sri Lanka 
was up to I mflfiancases a yearTT */ *" T 

The cause of malaria's current resurgence 
is resistance to chloroquine, the one cent-a- 
dose drug that once was the workhorse anti- ' 
malarial m the developmg world. Pfesmotfr 
um resistant to the drug apparcmly evotved 
in two places. South America and Southeast 
Asia, in the late 1950s. These parasites ar- 
rived in East Africa in . 1978, and swept ; 
westward to theAtfenffc coast in less thin 10 
yeans. 


C [ A co m b m ation of pyrimethamine and sul- 
Sfadaxineis more eigj^sivtvffKjugh &II getier- 
inti effective in Africa. .Some 
awnttij^, aid as Malawi, have moved to has 
ihe riBagc-levd replacement for chloroquine. 
, R e s i s t ance to the combination, however, is 
"Mdespreatfm Southeast Asia and the Ama- 
zon, basra, ami few people doubt such a fate 
lies in Africa’s future. 



t reachapoint where you can’t justify 
the next line drug, because 
are dying," said Linda Schultz, an 


ioktgisLof malaria at the Centers for 
t Control and Prevention. 


E ssentially an other amima- 

iarials that are easy enough to ad- 
mim s t er — mid- sufficiently non- 
tcaic to use outside the hospital — 
are too. expensive for sub-Saharan Africa. 
Even if they weren't resistance to some of 
than, such as mefloquine^ is spreaHirt g , On 
the ThaQand-Cambodia border, 80 percent 
of malaria is mefloquine-resistant. - 


An experimental vaccine being developed 
in Colombia-is showing good results in re- 
ducing the number of a tt acks among chil- 
dren. But it does not prevent the disease. 




«*“ 


by cattle herders and which could easily be cattle herdor from the scab of a vaccinated 
used by them even m .the mayhem of war anim al. - 

^ But wide the geographical transfer of 


Ms chance came in 1983 when Genentech scientific cirfcies was not. The dismantiingof 
Inc. the first connnerical nmlecnlm biology sdennficprejndice was to prove the hardest 

ftimnanv in world ftmiHted hit 8SSS- task of afl. 


iny had tkrvdoped p*dwna “Getting approval was hefl,” Dr. Yflma 
ion against cancer fay using said. “Science is easy but dealing with bo- 
DNA a p p roach. But they reaticrats is something rise The vacane was 


IWiJU* 


Ma. B 


EUROPEAN BUSINESS TRAVEL 


ABANO TERME 


BRUSSELS 


s’ 0 cvl** 


FRANKFXTKT 

.Arabella 

Grand Hotel 


Nibbling Chocolates? Not to Worry 


MONTGOMERY 


FRVSIKR.IRT AM MAIN 


Munctien 
Sheraton Hotel 


By Jane E. Brody 

.V«r York Tuna Srmce 


TCl£6TL*VlCIOGL*i 

Ns mr'iiii'- f.ii'V Tltihis C'Hirt . 

1 iwir. F-.i-niii^ hnt.TUitmvnl 
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Ahonn TmiK. Iral-. 
Tel 

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Fk-julitul t jlw.in 
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I.y iww U.-T-jmimvii 
I l>i Hrii'Vl'. Belgium 
7cl '41 xM | 

to., ■»: ;i 'ti k«i»» 


L'xMth-n. 

1 Rcsuurjfli,. Bar ai:h U’.-majM, 
Cwnplctc Hcal«b Club 
•*irti Suimmin- (X.d 
K.mrad- AJcnJwr-Sira-.x; “ 
JiWiM ; Fnu&iiutALiro 
Tel In 

Fj^ > I s|ii 


All SherjumC\nTJl»n, 
plus * Gical PtxW 

T>.-i:rti::n Ounlnrc Burr GarJoi Cak- 
A Mimidi InsditHNei 
ArahclUo-ii-cf* 

D- i, I» I Mum, h Genrtiri, 

Tel i4V-x«)i ‘*>40 ' 
:i4V-SW|0|hx“7 


N EW YORK — As sales on Valen- 
tine’s Day proved, millions of people 
assume that the quickest way to a 
lover’s heart is through a insdoos 
box of chocolates, even if it is not the healthiest 
erf gifts. 

But according to recent studies of chocolate’s 
effects on cholesterol, at least in the medical 
sense these hopeful Valentines need not have 
worried. Even a three-pound heart-shaped box 
of the richest pure chocolate — as sinful as its 
6,900 calories may seem — is unlikely to stop 
hearts dead in their tracks. 

To be sure, chocolate is rich in saturated fatty 
acids. These arc the fats, soKd at room tempera- 
ture, that raise cholesterol levels in the Mood 
and set the stage for heart attacks by dogging 
coronary arteries with cholesterol-laden depos- 
its. Yet highly saturated cocoa butter — the 
very fat that grits chocolate its unique and 


AMSTERDAM 


BUDAPEST 


GLASGOW 


NAPLES 



wrn 

“FLAMENCO 

wunsi 


Grc.il V nr* ’uifvrt* H> 4cl. 
hi’iJii ■. . 111 . 1 ! K"ji wive 
,\r; AtiMcrliin In.; 1:111 hiri 


.Api-lL.L^n 

I»rr Bti Am.icnlmi VlhcriiTiJ* 
Tel ■'I I'Ii^miTsji 

hj\ . .I Jii'frf,’ nnx.-. 


.'■4'' Kt-.m. & Jurwf SiriiC' 
f-ilh Bell". AC. n'UNfvjr. rt- 

ki 'ij'jrjul . Bjis. R.»im V 11 .■ 

l^mnJr> , Sen kj. rijrjcc 

F-i'laSjuiu 
Tj- ViWU u ' 

HIM.- RvJjtc-I M. Hunt^n 
Tel .>■!. Ii.I ”*1 
F.n 1 .»!»- 1 1 [ii« MmT 


mm 


a 

Stw 


SimpK ihr Bl-m Hi<r! m Glj' r H-i 
AH FaiIiIio. InijRjPk ’ 
InrhrJin-: an lrvtt»>f P.»M i Health Our 


I’H Roimx ai\l i; units 
Ciwftrrmcc and Meeimc Facilities 
Sjuiu. G\m and V. hiiip.il 
2 fteslajpos. 


1 Willi«n Sirrci 
Gla.*.* Q} ^HT. l.'.K. 


ki\ 144-11 1 ;iU5rtU 


t-M»ld C h 

SIR- Napltp. lia]\ 
Tc! • iJM-KIi 7j‘?v 
' rt*i-H| i5M MTx 



the university and organizer of the symposum, 
.explained that before stearic acid fans a efanrifg 
to muck m the body’s cholesterol metabolism, 
it is rapjoly coo verted in thetivta* to oleic add, - a 
monotmsaturaie also present in^olrid and can- 
-ola'ods that neither ruses nor lowers serum 
.cholesterol. 


Kohetaanai 


ATHENS 


CRANS MONTANA 


HAMBURG 


PARIS 


universally appealing “mouth feel” — almost 
miraculoosiv spares blood vessels. 



XW9 


STE1GBN BERGER 

ii » ti 1 1 a ■; 


miraculou^y spares 
The essential com 
saturated fatri* ad< 


meat of cocoa bitter is a 
known as stearic add. 


found in larger amounts in chocolate than in 
any other food. 

According to studies presented last week at a 

“Chocolate in Perspective” symposium at the 
University of Texas Southwestern Medicaf 
.Center in Dallas, underwritten by the Choco- 
late Manufacturers of America, stearic add is 
like no other saturated fatty add. 

Dr. Margo Denise, a nutrition specialist ai 


Df- Peake’S colleague. Dr. Scott Grundy; an 
expert ot hbw various fats' affect the bean, 
concluded, “There’s not much of a problem from 
eatim twqor three chocotate tars Aweek." . 

Dark Chocolate is preferable, since milk 

cfaooahte fay definition oonta^ tiQ^d«Tved 
buttorat in addition, to its cocoa boner. 

In studies in die journal Metabofism andpre- 
temed at the symposhnn. Dr. Fenny M; Ktis- 
r ihc rtta i. a nuiritiranst at Pennsylvania. Sate 
University in Univeiriry Part, fed 33 healthy 
young men diets rich in different fate: cocoa 
butter, olive o3, soybean cQ or .dairy buna . 

Ou the highly saturated cocoa butter diet, 
mere was no- increase ia the men’5 sennn dio- 
^eroL just as (here was none on. the dive ml , 
fho. ttpected, Oiedaiiy buitftdto, rich 
m saturated, fatfy-adds raised Aolaiapl lev- 
dieuridi in ptrfynna- 






HnTKI. 

BKhT.Vr.NL 


flic !W llmirl mriicnv 


HOTEL DU GOLF 
H des Sports 


nm»n>iitn1i.j<Mn llnv l-i Shn<in: 
Vi-.nk.-v Si'aI EwfwKk-jndC'ni HjI' 


Saint James Paris 


r<i|Mi:u'Hin Siiuji,- 
I in hi Allien*. 
fc! * Vih illliJM 
f.i\ itiii 


Tlv llc-4 in iftc .Alp- 
tiitfBi Ski iV O..II iVuLi-'r- 


Hi<« . -iIl! 1 ’ Sill','.. 
■ 'oaktoiuv jijJ I 

: - Bai 


A Gica! CTurju Kiftfl 

Vrr> PVco-kUs 
Misriicrri Litrjn 
hu«Htfnt K(!4jurjnl 


World Science: A Picture 


;>/■ 

v * ... •- 

k--: ; . 

' ^ * ? 


ttti 


Clf-’vh" Cf4B* MiWdPd. SaiiMriaikl 
Td i4|.ri4U!47 

f.i\ i4|.:7rJJ*lT<S 


Hcili^n'.-.-i'iJ’ru.-L 1 i 
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Fj« • Vi x H i" ~ 


5 ?lj.trrun; flier Aifcnjocr 
l fc Pjn.N Ftamv 

t.-t • i»w| 1 47*14 
M«.:.l-1i4S51(llAI 


By Barry James 

IniiTKmim} Herald Tribune 


BRUSSELS 


FRANKFURT 


LONDON 

v^r 


VIENNA 




AC Mh'iC K»int«‘.Sjiic> 

4 Vj'i'ik' RoIjuijiiL 2 (Li. i. Ni” lftlah 
Cl» h CiHiltfien.." chiik t-lrkin-; 
5p4bUiiijik»I' , '1 
lrHUBni-fM Belgium 
Tel it3J«Sll-G»> 


STEIGENBERGER 

III > I I I' I I [ I I'Ul 


TTv Mint t jtiku* !U>ti'l in Ftanklun 


KjivrpLi/ 
Frarkton. Gfnnjn? 
Ti-I :4‘».hSi 

hi* iWrtiiissiiii 


Fi".«; «tjf lh*;l 
Li in Ij.'JintjpIc 

s-k-^hiHaniU- 
Fiwiul.t multi Imjujl^ull 
Sr^uj'- hnjh: fi.'iii. 
HH Kni?hi’>l , inl^4 
Lmdna SWI\ 7RN I S 
Tel 

hi, •i44.rii:.V'«iM 


P ARIS — The United Nations Educa- 
tional, Scientific and Cultural Orga- 
nization published its first World Sci- 
ence Report this week, pointing to 
massive inequality in the distribution of re- 
search and development activities. 

The report, which was released in Nairobi at a 
symposium on scientific and technological coop- 
eration in Africa, says thar only a privileged Tew 
in the world fed the benefits of science. 


Chiral (.'in bxjJmn 
r iT> Mr Tvnnmjl 
bj-inr». Sen m. I 
Nu-sh.i Pj.-ct. Muhilphnne 
Am Suiijurk 
A-'llTU Victtu. Au>iru 

Hi*. . .4V hrninj; 


poor and rich is a knowledge eap.” niri ftder ^ . . •* - 

Ico Nlayor. the direaor generaiof Unesco. gy? fangs instead <rf proiilng the means by 

The World Science Report, a 278-paa '£■ 

view nf , ^“^.MydoOTifl counlijes have pro- 


The Worid Sciena Report, a 271-page re- 
view of the status of worid retence and ducednSSfiM 
current dwdopn^ts. says the riA. qf vast areofteaumnS 


V ? . s 

S 

% * -v - 


- &..»• '' - 1 


■ _ r V, r , , , — J . — : ■■■.» M&mica temmeo 1 lift in h 

secuons of the glt*af poptdatiotr being- by- nations 
passed altogether by sdeaQficprogrefflriywr Tie 

tog exponenbaTIv. wbictr this 


■ - 

k s -v" 


tog exponentially. - T 

For example, more tbto9W'nift5an adnhr 
cannot rod. and the- iffitetacy Q^e : among, 
women is twice as high as arremg'men. t>ev^ 
opment aid from xich to poor nstiKmhas per^ 
— -^asrtua 


fr^d Biigiate 
- '•The-ddtild 


the World. 


life 
S. 

V- ; 

V V '•* 




devdopmeai is is carried out m a handful of r nm ,c by which 
industrialized countries. "The gap between reliant" 1 *. 


tv 9 fS 







V, inf 


^ji\ 


L>* 




■** 



’ • . - 






**%•!& fifes'- *?-V ; 

iriXA* ’f.Vv.v s • "aft* IS -V .-..Jj-.-.r 




sag 


•"•••'i . -r.- x-< ■ 


International Herald Tribune, Thursday, February 17, 1994 


Page 9 



THE TR1B INDEX : 1 1 6.81 H 

Jrtematk^HeraU Tribune World Stock Index ©. composed of 
inves ^ ble stocks from 25 countries, i»mpBed 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan: 1 , T992 = 100. 

120 : 


252 


90 




■ j, " ** ’ . * ,* (A * ^ •* ***’"* 

■ L* > .■■ * • i. t' . fi > , '{ &>• i itu'- ' *„’ :*.'}■&: -iv ^ '*£■ 

S O N 0 J F 

1383 


Asia/PatcHic 


Appm*. waghSnQ: 32% 
Ctose;lS50 Prevj 13052 

ISO ; : 

140 * 

130- 
120 
110 


Apprax welghcing; 3?% 
Ctoae: 11656 Pta- i 14 JO 



IDO a^:;Fj^ra^ , r;V ’r : - ~ 

gjj ■• - s -* ■*> •* ■* .*»-.> ,■ .s-?..' j'. 


s o 

1983 


North America 


Appro*, w&ghang: 28% 
Ctosa: 98.0) Piw.%08 


F- 

1934 


S O N D J F 
1983 RM 


Latin America 


ISO 

140 

130 

120 

no 


Appnx.wigfifinoiS'k ‘ 
Ctosa.- 15559 Prgv.: 1SL25 


90 


ix. 



S O - - N . EX J . F 
1993 ’ •. • • • 19M 


S O N DJF 
1993 1994 

VttrattkKtax 

7Jm kxtex tracks US. datar mines o t stocks kt Tokyo, New York, London, and 
Argentina, Austnria. Austria, Betghun, Bno* Canada. CMh, JManariu RntaoA 
Ranee, Gensany. Hong Kong, ttaty, Mexico, Watfaart an d a. New Ztatend, Manny. 
Singapore, Spain, Sweden, S w taart a nd and -UeneBieta.- For Tokyo. Maw Vo ric and 
London the Index a cotnposod at tho 20 top issues ei terms of market captiakzabon. 
vtfMfwtse die ten top stocks am tracked ••’. 


| Industrial Sectors jj 


Wad. Pm % ■ 

daw dm ctaop 

tad. .Pwr. % 

dm dm mngB 

Energy 

11634 116.1B +0.14 Capital Goods .* 

115.43 -11*57 +C75 

lltilHac 

12954 129.09 +0.12. Rns ttaWteiS 

12129 12052 +054 

France 

J21J6 121.15 +ii 33 -CWBonerGoods 

1W21 100.54 +057 

Services 

12655 125.46 +007 «8cabnap» ‘ 

.13229 133L27 -07* 

For more tnibrnietkm about the - - 

Write toTrib btdex. m Qa#!e,p2$2l fattiy Cedex. Frame. 


6 Inwnanon&J Herald Tritare 


Japan’s 
Surplus 
Up Again 

Exports to U.S. 
Balloon 9.4% 


Ctmqakd to Our Suff Fnm Dispatches 
TOKYO — Japan said Wednes- 
day its trade surplus jumped 17 
percent in January fromihe filce 
month a year ago, driven by brisk 
exports to the rest of Asa and the 
United States. 

Hie Finance Ministry said Ja- 
pan’s overall trade surplus rose to 
S6.il bilEou in January from S5.22 
biiHon a year ago. 

Japan's surplus with the United 
States rose for the eighth straight 
.‘ month, reaching 53.13 billion from 
52.93 billion in January 1993. 

After Friday's failed summit be- 
tween Prime Minister Morihiro 
Hosokawa. and President Bill Clin- 
ton, the increase was sure to make 
trade hawks in Washington del ex- 
. mined to force Japan to change its 
ways, economists said. 

Japan’s exports to (he United 
States rose 9.4 percent, to $ 7.8 bil- 
lion. while the reverse flow of mer- 
chandise grew at a faster rate of 1 1 
percent, to hit $4.7 billion. 

The ministry used an average ex- 
change rate ofl 1 1 .94 yen per dollar 
for calculating trade statistics for 
January, representing the yen’s ap- 
preciation by 115 percent from a 
year earlier. . 

Economists said the surplus 
should trod lower in the coming 
mouths as a strong yen makes Japa- 
nese goods more expensive overseas, 
putting a damper on exports. 

Bnt they warned that a pick-up 
m the VS. economy would spur 
some increased demand for Japa- 
nese goods regardless of the price. 

“If we were to wait for a hit, we 
should see quite a bit of improve- 
matt'’ said Dick Beason, an econ- 
omist at James Capd & Co. 

(Bloomberg Reuters j 

I Japan Criticizes US. 

Japan’s chief negotiator for the 
recently concluded Uruguay 
Round of world trade talks accused 
the United States on Wednesday of 
bad faith for pulling back tariff cut 
-offers- that helped seal the part, 
Reuters reported from Geneva. 


Good Business or Revenge? 

Canal Hus Shake-Up Offers a Bit of Both 


By Jacques Neher 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Was last week's surprise overhaul in 
the ownership of Canal Plus SA amply an exercise 
in French capitalism designed to protect the pay- 
television station from bong steamroUcd by Amer- 
ican media gums? 

Or did it reflect the hand of Prime Minster 
Edouard Balladur. punishing his political enemies 
while trying to ensure certain French companies 
had a leading role in the development of Europe’s 
multimedia industry? 

Probably a bit of both, analysis and political 
' observers said, reacting to the brouhaha surround- 
ing Monday's resignation of the station’s founder 
ana chairman, Andrt Roussdet- He protested a 
shareholder pact made behind his back, that unit- 
ed Agence Havas, the advertising and media con- 
con, Compagnie Generale des Eaux. the water 
distributor and cable television operator. Societe 
Gettorale, the bank, and France Telecom, the state- 
owned telephone company. 

Just as Pierre Lesaite, the managing director, 
was named Wednesday to replace him at the helm 
of Canal Pius — a company that has grown over 
the past decade from zero to 5.7 million subscrib- 
ers and 8.67 billion francs (SI billion) in sales — 
Mr. Roussdet charged that he was victim of a 
political plot inspired by Mr. Balladur. 

“Edouard killed me" Mr. Roussdet s aid in a 
front-page opinion column published Wednesday 
in Le Monde, the French newspaper. He wrote that 
the prime minister has steadily imposed his will on. 
ana installed his friends at, some of France’s 
largest companies. 

"This man, day after day, spins his web. placing 
at the largest companies a dozen men picked 
because of thdr loyalty, systematically evicting all 
those who don’t show the same obedience, no 
matter what other merits they may have." 

On Monday, Mr. Balladur said the Canal Phis 
sharefaoler pact “isn’t my business," and that all he 


knew about it was what be “read in the newspaper." 

Nevertheless, observers agreed that the move to 
effectively unseat Mr. Roussdet at Canal Plus 
carries a strong scent of political revenge. Mr. 
Roussdet a Socialist is the former campaign man- 
ager and current golfing partner of President Fran- 
cois Mitterrand. He also has been a constant thorn 
in the side of France Telecom, opposing the heavy 
TDF1 direct-broadcast satellite, its strategy for 
introducing high -definition television and the na- 
tional cable television plan. All three have been 
marked failures. 

A t the same time, some say his departure may be 
a good thing because it will open Canal Plus to 
international alliances that Mr. Rousselet fought- 

“At the beginning. Roussdet was absolutely 
right to fight for independence and maintain an 
independent strategy.” s aid Eric Micbdis, an ana- 
lyst in Paris with Kldowon Benson Securities. 
“But things have changed, and you can’t remain on 
your own. Canal Plus is too small to build Europe’s 
information superhighway, It needs to create alli- 
ances. with -both European and American compa- 
nies." 

The new pact unites Generale des Eaux. Havas 
and Societe Generale — which together own 48.7 
percent of Canal Plus. In addition, France Tele- 
com and Generale des Eaux are taking minority 
slakes in Havas. 

Analysts say the agreement puts the water com- 
pany in the driver's seat or Canal Plus and opens 
(be way for policies that could help it develop its 
unprofitable cable business in France. 

But the new arrangement could turn stormy, 
because France Telecom and Generale des Eaux 
are currently fighting for control of the cable 
business being sold by the Caisse des Dfipdts & 
Consignations, the state-run savings institution. 

Cable was launched in France in 1982, but only 
13 million subscribers have plugged in — 20 
percent of the households passed by cable lines. 


MetaUgesellschaft Weighs a Change 


By Brandon Mitchener 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Meiallge- 
seUschaft AG, the German mining 
and metals company recently res- 
cued from bankruptcy, is weighing 
whether to sell all or pari of its 
headquarters, located near Frank- 
furt’s Old Opera, and move in with 
a subsidiary to raise and save cash, 
company sources said Wednesday. 

A MetaUgesellschaft spokesman 
declined comment, but other com- 
pany executives who spoke on con- 
dition of anonymity said top man- 
agement was actively mulling (he 


move. Company executives and in- 
dependent analysts agreed the idea 
made sense, saying tlx pragmatism 
of such a move would offset any 
intangible loss of face. 

“If they have the possibility to 
generale cash this way. they should 

The concern's troubles affected 
few stockholders. Rage II. 

definitely consider the feasibility of 
doing so." said Johannes Reich, an 
analyst at M.M. Warburg Bank in 
Hamburg- “Any loss of prestige 
would be marginal compared to the 


EU Levies Fines 
Of $117 Million 
On Steelmakers 


setback the company has already 
suffered because of its financial 
problems." 

Sale of the site, a 24.000-square- 
meter 1 79.000-square-foot) com- 
plex of old and new office build- 
ings. could quickly generate 
“several hundred million Deutsche 
marks" in badly needed liquidity 
and reflect well on the company's 
attempts to pay off a crushing debt, 
they said. In January. MeialJge- 
sellschaft and its creditors agreed 
on a rescue package of 3.4 billion 

See METALL, Page 10 


By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — In one erf its big- 
gest antitrust cases ever, the Euro- 
pean Union on Wednesday fined 
16 steelmakers 104 million Europe- 
an currency units (SI 17 million) 
Wednesday, saying the companies 
had flagrantly violated EU law to 
fix prices and share markets for 
steel beams. 

“This is a case where everything 
which can be infringed has been 
infringed by several companies,” 
Karel van Mieri. the ElTs competi- 
tion commissioner, said. “We need- 
ed to be tough." 

Several of the companies, how- 
ever, rejected the charges and said 
they would appeal to the European 
Court of Justice. 

The decision threatened to wors- 
en relations between the commis- 
sion and the companies just when 
the HU'S executive agency is trying 
to get steelmakers to close plants 
and otherwise reduce capacity to 
bring the industry back to health. 

Some in the industry saw ihe 
fines as a blatant pressure tactic, 
coining barely 12 hours after Mr. 
van Mien and (be EU’s industry 
commissioner, Martin Bangemann. 
had pressed senior executives of 
steel companies for cutbacks at a 
dinner meeting in Brussels. 

The two insisted that the timing 
was coincidental, but Mr. Bange- 
mann said their message to the ex- 
ecutives had been clear: Come up 
with big cuts by the time EU indus- 
try ministers meet in April or lose l 
billion Ecus of loans the companies 
are to get to help thdr restructur- 
ings. 

The fines also could add fuel to 
the long-running U.S.- European 
disputes over steel trade, as they 
give official backing to a major 
contention of American steel- 
makers: that European producers 
operate as a cartel to the detriment 
of American competitors. 

“It won’t amplify life with the 
Americans." Jean-Yves Gilet, head 
of international affairs for Usinor 
Sacflor. said. The French steel- 
maker's UnimetaJ SA subsidiary 
was slapped with the second-larg- 


est fine among the 16 companies, 
12.3 million Ecus. 

The biggest fine. 32 million Ecus, 
was leveled at British Sled PLC, 
which bad the biggest beam sales 
during the three-year period in- 
volved in the case. 

A spokesman in London for 
British Steel said the company was 
“astonished" by the decision and 
expected to appeal, although it was 
still awaiting a detailed report on 
the commission's decision. 

In Germany. Preussag AG. 
which was fined 93 million Ecus, 
said it would use “all available 
means" to oppose the fines. 

The companies fined made up a 
virtual roll call of major European 
steelmakers, including Arbed SA of 
Luxembourg, fined 113 million 
Ecus, Ferdofin SpA of Italy. 93 
million Ecus. Thysseo Stahl AG of 
Germany. 63 million Ecus, and Si- 
derurgjca Arisirain Madrid SL of 
Spain. 10.6 million Ecus. 

The commission said the compa- 
nies, at least as far back as 1984. 
had made a series of agreements to 
fix prices, share markets and ex- 
change confidential information. 
The fines were based only on sales 
from July 1. 1988. to the beginning 
of the investigation in 1991, howev- 
er, because EU producers before 
1988 had the commission’s permis- 
sion for some forms of cooperation, 
pari of an effort to bail the industry 
out of its recession of the early and 
mid-1980s. 

Mr. Bangemann said Tuesday’s 
meeting with industry executives 
had produced no new commit- 
ments on cutbacks. Private indus- 
try still rejects as insufficient the 
commission's decision in Decem- 
ber to permit nearly 7 billion Ecus 
of subsidies for state-owned pro- 
ducers in return for 5.6 million ions 
of capacity cuts. 

■ Riva to Buy Eko Stake 

TreuhandansiaU. the privatiza- 
tion agency for the former East 
Germany, "said Riva SpA of Italy 
would buy the 40 percent erf steel- 
maker EKO Stahl AG that it does 
not already own. AFP-Extel News 
reported from Berlin, 1 


INTERNATIONAL MANAGER 



to Stay in Business 


By Judith Ingram 

■Hew York ruaes Service -. 

S ARATOV, Russia— For Vladimir I. 
Tyrut, a Commtinist-era manner 
who has skHBuIly adapted to capital- 
ist ways, the formula for success in 
.Russian business is simple. “You need con- 
nections. money, intellect, energy and hard 
work;” he recited. . . 

But any visitor to the trucking business 
that Mr. Tyrin has built in three years notices 
a sixth necessity. Just inside the gate of the 



(parked-* 

safe side.'' Mr. Tyrin said. 

BcaascoT skyri^ccingcrimeand an inef- 
fective and sometimes corrupt police force, 
security in Russia and other framer Soviet 


republics is as important an ingredient in the 
new economic mix as money and hard wort 
■ Mr. Tyrin, 43, is capiiahring on that- As 
most any entrepreneur might do, he is turning 
necessity into enterprise — beginning to hire 
out his guards to other companies that cannot 
.provide this important ingredient of success 
for themselves. 

At Mr. Tyrin’s company, Dortechservice 
Corp„ guard dogs pace at the ends of tethers 
attached to comer pests in the yard. Video 
cameras monitor comings and goings. More 
young men in uniform, shouldering shotguns, 
m3I around inside the office budding. 

Of 183 employees, 70 bdong to the security 
brigade, which Mr. Tyrin cans a preventive 
■ service to dbooorage attacks from armed rob- 
bers or gangs. Many are former members of 
the spelsnaz, special troops used by the Interi- 


or Ministry in bot spots around the framer 
Soviet Union like Azerbaijan and Georgia. 
Others have crane from police and army ranks. 

Dortechservice trucks, with a driver and 
one or two security men, ply Russian roads 
that are as safe as the high seas in the heyday 
of piracy. Much of the company’s business 
consists of taking over consignments of goods 
at the Russian bordeis from foreign shippers 
wary of losing their cargo to hijackers. 

So far, Dortechservice has had only one 
derisive coofroutatioa with extortionists. A 
group was trying to squeeze money out of a 
collective farm with which the company 
works, and Mr. Tyrin lent a few of his securi- 
ty men fra a son of late-night negotiation. 

He and the director of security. Vladimir 

See BATTLE, Page 11 


In New York, Taking the Search lor Security Into the Street 


By Peter Slatin 

He w York lanes Service 


NEW YORK — While many of the manu-' 

a II— (kot pine. 


rcr in frequently troubled nogfabrahoods out- 
side this city rely on what might be called a. 
fortress approach to security, consultants, 
owners and development offioals have been 
exploring relatively new multilateral ap- 
proachcs to security geared tm^ im^hing 
communities more heavBy in their own safety. 

At the Pfiar Inc. drug. factory io:the Wil- 
liamsburg section of-BrooWyn, the security 



principal of DANTH 


Associates, a Queensbased economic-devel- 
opment consulting firm. 

“Pfizer exist ds its protective untbrefla out 
into the community, be said, by installing 
dosed-dreuit tdevtaou cameras at the near- 
by Flushing Avenue subway station and pa-; 
trailing the entrance to the. station with its 
security guards. - 

He .said. Pfizer, also works to build and 
revitalize housing in its neaghbrahood and ro 
hdp people become homeowners. “They help 
people take possession of the area," Mr. 
Mnder said. ‘ ‘Strengthening the environment 
. helps create a def enable neighborhood.” 

‘ “The actual investmeats were very smalL" 
said Tom Kline, manager of PGzers Brook- 
lyn plant. Pfizer invested- in low-income tax 


credits that went toward the rehabilitation of 
19 family units and also encouraged the New 
York City Housing Partnership to build or 
renovate 228 more units in the neighborhood. 

The six closed-circuit cameras at the sub- 
way station cost $120,000, and Pfizer's securi- 
ty guards patrol the entrance to the station — 
a half-block from the plant's main gate — 
equipped with radios to contact the police. 

“We’re not going to arrest criminals.” Mr. 
Kline said, “but we’re going to leverage the 
experience of the law-enforcement communi- 
ty to help improve our community. 

“Also, across from us, we’re going to have 
neighbors. We try to work in partnership with 
those people who are experts in time fields. 

See SECURITY, Page 11 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


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French 

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Yen 

Feb. 16 
ECU 

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'JZnTpresie tPwlsi; Araik Of TWav CTWcroi: Sarat Bank cf Canada 
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Key Money Rates 

Uwtted States Close Prev. 

OUCDaot/on 330 IDO 

Prkne rnte UO ISO 

PanraMtnre H » 

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Comm, oaotr fXdm 165 165 

SaiqateTreanrvbia 326 127 

KOrfiHanrHI 107 • 167 

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TmTimnwh 549 5,47 

lOfareTraascryaate 539 5X7 

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5.90 5M 

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Lv tiers. Bank ol Tokyo. Cantmerzooah. 
Graanweil Atontom GitfiHf Lywwats. 

Gold 

AM. P-M. 01*0* 
ZuriCTl 383 JO J84I5 

Ustdon 35340 38158 -1-S 

New York 385M 38530 -MO 

- uS. dollars w ounce London oeOctoi Rx- 

InBSJZurim and Hew Yore wwtdnotmdeho- 

0s prices: Nam York Comes (MW 
Source: Reuters. 


OECD Head Rejects 
U.S. Criticism Over 
Employment Policy 


By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Jcan-Claude Paye. the 
OECD chief who is fighting for a' 
third five-year term, on Wednesday 
brushed aside U-S. criticism that he 
had failed to offer policy recom- 
mendations that would stimulate 
economic growth and reduce un- 
employment 

0^. officials have said a draft 
study by the Organization for Eco- 
nomic Cooperation and Develop- 
ment, to be discussed next month 
at a summit of leaders of the Group 
of Sewn industrialized nations. 
had sidestepped the contentious is- 
sue of whether to reduce interest 
rates or take other macroeconomic 
steps to boost employment. 

The OECD director-general said 
in an interview that he was “not 
bothered" by remarks in a recent 
letter from Ambassador Darid 
Aaron, the U3. delegate to the Par- 
is-based economic think tank. 

In the letter Mr. Aaron, with 
backing from Washington, criticized 
the OECD draft for its Jack of mac- 
roeconomic policy recommenda- 
tions fra tackling unemployment. 

Mr. Paye, 59. a former French 
Foreign Ministry official, bas been 
walking a political tightrope since 
both the American and British gov- 
ernments said two weeks ago that 
they favored replacing him with a 
political heavyweight when his sec- 
ond term expires in September. 

On Feb. 2, the United States said 
it “strongly supported" Donald 
Johnston, a Canadian politician, 
for the post because he would pro- 
vide “pofitical-fevel leadership" 
and re-cne(gi 2 e the OECD. Britain, 
meanwhile; is lobbying cm behalf of 
Nigd Lawson, the former chancel- 
lor erf its Exchequer. 

Mr. Paye denied Wednesday 
that the unemployment study had 
overlooked the macroeconomic di- 
mension. 

“We have told everybody, in- 
cluding the United States, that the 
final report to nunisieis in June will 


focus on long-term structural prob- 
lems and mil include an update on 
macroeconomic policy.” 

~ The OECD draft report stresses 
the structural problems of unem- 
ployment and calls for more flexi- 
bility in the labor market, but U.SL 
officials say it fails to address the 
need for lower interest rates to help 
Europe out of recession. 

In Washington, an official said 
this view had been expressed at an 
OECD meeting two months ago by 
Lawrence H. Summers, the U-S. 
undersecretary of the Treasury in 
charge of international affairs. 
During the World Economic Fo- 
rum at Davos, Switzerland, in late 
January, Mr. Summers again 
stressed the need for an easing of 
monetary policy by the Bundes- 
bank and other European central 
banks to stimulate European 
growth. 

Mr. Paye said Wednesday that 
his final report would deal with 
structural and macroeconomic is- 
sues. But he said he would not take 
sides in the debate over macroeco- 
nomic policy. Instead, be said: “Let 
me quote what my father told me 
when 1 was a young man: ‘Do the 
best you can. and let others do the 
talking.’” 

Another U.S. official said Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton’s administration 
would be happy if Mr. Paye includ- 
ed views on macroeconomic policy 
measures in his final report. 

Asked what results be would like 
to see from the summit meeting on 
employment, scheduled for March 
14 and 15 in Detroit. Mr. Paye said 
he would like the Group of Seven 
governments “to say that our anal- 
ysis and recommendations are 
beautiful." 

He added that European govern- 
ments would have difficulty intro- 
ducing monetary or fiscal policies 
to stimulate growth “in isolation.” 
but that he would be pleased to see 
collective action “to do a bit more 
on monetary policy, in lowering 
interest rates.” 


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Stocks Edge Higher 
Ahead of Price Data 


Cumpdetl hr Our Stuff Fnv* Dispatches 

: NEW YORK — The stock mar- 
ket gained but Treasury bund 
prices edged lower Wednesday as 
investors set positions before the 
U.S. inflation data due Thursday, 
morning. 

The government's consumer 
price index for January should pro- 
vide a clue about the Federal Re- 
serve Board's near-rerm interest 
rate policy. If the data show that 

N.Y. Stocfca ~~ 

inflation is subdued, the Fed would 
lose an excuse to boost interest 
rates soon. 

The benchmark 30- year Trea- 
sury bond slipped 3/31 to 97 9/31 
in late trading, with ihe yield nos- 
ing up to <*.46 percent from 6.45 
percent Tuesday. 

The Dow Jones industrial average 
dosed tip 9 points yt 3.937.27, Ad- 
•-ruicing issues led decliners by an 
J l-io-9 ratio on the New York Stock 
Exchange in subdued trading. 

Boeing jumped 2‘* to 4 6 lf i in 
active trading and McDonnell 
Douglas hit j 52-week high, rising 
1 to 1 1 8/k. after Saudi Arabia said 
the two companies would share an 
order Tor 50 new aircraft. 

Hewlett-Packard, the maker of 
computers, printers and other elec- 
tronics equipment, also was active, 
rising 3% to 89!» after reporting 
strong first-quarter earnings. 


Dollar Falls Slightly 
In Subdued Trading 


Compiled br ibar guff From Dtspunfus 

NEW YORK — The dollar was 
lower Wednesday in quiet trading, 
with investors apparently pausing to 
consolidate their positions after sev- 
eral days of volatility, dealers said. 

The dollar ended at 1.7236 Deut- 
sche marks, down from 1.7313 DM 

Foreign Exchange 

at Tuesday's close, bur it showed 
••mailer declines against most other 
major currencies. 

The currency slipped to 103.800 
ven from 103.815 yen Tuesday, to 
1.4543 Swiss fames from 1.4572 
francs and to 5.8665 French francs 
Irom 5.8938 francs. The pound rose 
t. S 1.4770 from SI. 4724. 

Investors seemed to be hedging 
their bets ahead of the report due 
Thursday on consumer prices in the 
United Slates in January. Suspi- 
cions that inflation may he creeping 
back into the economy prompted 
the Federal Reserve Board last 
month to push up short-term inter- 
est rates, giving a lift to the dollar. 

A modest 0J2 percent increase in 
wholesale price* for January subse- 


quently raised doubts about the in- 
flation threat, though so-called 
core inflation in that report — ex- 
cluding food and energy prices — 
was stronger, at 0.4 percent. 

Dealers also said that while the 
dollar was showing some technical 
strength by holding steady against 
the yen after plunging Monday, the 
prospect of trade sanctions against 
Japan and the U25. government's 
apparent desire for a stronger yen 
continued to unsettle the market. 

In addition, they said, although 
the Bundesbank was considered 
unlikely to reduce interest rates at 
its central bank council meeting 
Thursday, the possibility of a sur- 
prise was encouraging defensive 
trading strategies. 

Forecasts that the Bundesbank 
will not act Thursday were 
strengthened when a member of its 
policy-making council. Reimur Jo- 
chimsen. sakl that although UJS. 
pressure for lower German interest 
rates was understandable, the 
Bundesbank had its own interests 
to consider in making its monetary 
decisions. 

{AFX. Knighr-Riiider ) 


Via Auooond Prsu 


Daily dosings of the 

Dow Jones industrial average 

4030 


Motorola jumped 3ft to I04 J ^ a 
three-month high, benefiting from 
an announcement Tuesday that the 
U.S. government would seek high 
tariffs on Japanese-made cellular 
telephones. Analysts said the sanc- 
tions would allow' Motorola to in- 
crease its alrwdv-domiaant share 
of Lhe U.S. market and bolster the 
company's chances of getting 
greater access to the Japanese mar- 
ker. 

Recbok International slipped ft 
to 33ft when the athletic-shoe maker 
registered to sell 3 million common 
shares to be sold by its chairman 
and chief executive. Reebok also 
plans to buy a separate [ million 
shares directly from the chairman. 

Sears. Roebuck dropped ft to 
46 l/ « on a newspaper report that 
said the company was boosting its 
SI billion marketing budget about 
9 percent this year and increasing 
its sole* of national brands. 

In the aftermath of the takeover 
of Paramount Communications by 
Viacom, Viacom shares slipped V* 
to 33 \ Paramount lost '4 to 76ft 
and Blockbuster Entertainment, 
indirectly linked to the deal 
through Viacom, fell ft to 24!*. 

Jn the over-the-counter market. 
Checkers Drive-In Restaurant 
plunged lft to 8ft after the fast- 
food restaurant reported fourth- 
quarter earnings even with a year 
ago. failing below analysts' expec- 
tations for a gain. 

( Knight -Ridder. Bloomberg) 


Dow Jones Averages 

Open lm lbs am. 

Indus 3F3SJB 5 3927.14 393727 * MB 
Trans TSOSJS 1807.12 17TSJ0 1061 J# —8.6* 
UtO 7)527 71S^> 2I1.W JMJ0 -220 
Co mp MISJO 141272 741042 MIX» -GJ7 

Standard & Poor** index— 

High LAW CtoSC OTsW 

Industrials 555.10 5514? 5049 + 1JJ2 

Tramp. 43B24 405.19 CAM —025 

Utilities 16632 18244 14101 —1.19 

Finance 4444 «md +ig — Ml 

SP 500 474.14 471 JM 47229 * 027 

SP 100 44 UQ 43U5 439J4 -V 044 

NYSE Indexes 

HWi LOW Lost Oig. 

Comnwne 34X15 262.11 2615S -0.19 

tndustriab 324.45 323.16 m«2 *0.44 

Tronsa. 277 J5I 77623 27708 *0.77 

Utifiry 271.02 918.99 219.K) —125 

Finance 31744 71640 2I7B3 -4UM 


A S O N D J F 

1993 1S94 


NYSE Most Actives 



Vo L 

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Lost 



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1 67',. 

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Buy 

Sales 

Short' 

Fob. is 

I.117J01 

10*4007 

23716 

Feb. 14 

107*075 

1/JS1.787 

29774 

Feb. 11 
Feb- 10 
Feb 9 

891908 

iSS 

UM4J17 

1516005 

1016232 

36874 

64+13 

49.7*5 


NYSE Diary 


Advanced 
Dod tried 
Unchanged 
Total Issues 
NewHtgtK 
New Lows 


AMEX Diary 


Advanced 

Declined 

Unchanged 


1175 1198 

947 B82 

424 681 

7768 2761 

I0S 79 

43 36 


111 29J 
2»5 307 
227 316 


Total issues 
New NWs 
New Lows 

839 

70 

820 

2* I 

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NASDAQ Mary 


Close 

Prev. j 

Advanced 

”S0 

16*4 

Dectinea 


■ 439 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


dose HW Law Prev.Ckw 


SSS ftormtfrtc foe-tot* at M tan 



871 

872 

S7B 

869 

•83 

884 


SI4 

IHU> 

891 

BM 

«« 

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Jtj5 

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W8 

m 

892 

907 

Kt 


sn 

913 

914 

984 

921 

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924 

927 

9!M 

920 

w. 

936 

Mgr 

938 

939 

9*4 

937 

m 

951 


931 

952 

953 

964 

948 

941 

Jui 

9S7 

*S9 

957 

*57 

V65 

971 


968 

469 


9ti> 

914 

979 

Dec 

978 

985 

N.T. 

JLT. 

9W 

1000 


NASDAQ Indexes 

Mob Low Lost Cb*. 

Composite 79100 rrost mj» -isb 

Industrials 832.77 830-30 83125 -1S5 

Berta 496.15 697-33 496.15 >2.76 

insurance 939.16 933.30 938.78 -025 

Finance 839.78 8873)0 88690 -24)1 

Trow 799.90 79630 79636 *129 

Tefegro 179.0 17747 1WL1S -0.78 

AMEX Stock Index 

Hgh Law Last Che. 

475.73 67636 475JI -0.48 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 


20 Bondi 10491 5-0.11 

10 Utilities 10106 Unch. 

10 Industrials 10624 +021 

Market Sates 

NYSE i am. volume 795290000 

NYSE prev. cans, close 371,945290 

Am** 4 p jn. volume 1926X415 

Amo* prev. cons, dose 24.1*3200 

HA SOM3 4 ojn volume %-mmi 

NASDAQ prev. 4 PJD. volume 296AKJ00 

NYSE volume DO lxycn^M 

NYSE volume down 12925X590 

Amo* volume uo 922&S45 

A me* volume down SOOSJIO 

NASDAQ volume uo 16UMLSOO , 

NASDAQ voturno down 136055400 ' 

N.YJ5.E. Odd-Lot Trading 


Metal* 


Total issues 
New Hiotn 
New Ldm 


4790 4785 

143 113 

63 70 


-included In the sole* ttourvs. 

SAP 100 Index Options 

Kbu 

SMbi CoB+UHt Pah- Lad 

PrtCT Fr6 Mr «r ale Nt W itr W 

M5_--_--._- 
WO — — — — — I 

MS — — — — — * l+v — 

Ai U» Mi 

4B — — — - ■■** — — 

SKI _ - - _ „ 'i • 7i 3>a 

415 — — — — -» 1*1 7; - 

4® ».» 216 - - l>r JH Pv 

425 IS', IT? — - 'l Jn 4 - 

a vh o - hi ns r* 

tfi si 1 IPs — *7 4**3 4*6 _ 

«fl f*t 9-. 8 Vi I* A K 

MS 4 I S’j-S'Kr-tHPk — 
ea * i«* j*. 5 ir, n in > 

4SJ >* »» I* - — Mfe — — 

M-V lS---- 

46S — tv •» — — 2F* 2 Ft — 

Cflih: total vot lAJfci. Mai men int 54(408 
Mu W toL 177918; RAM open mtrcsjW 

Pna Dec 9* DecfS dkn Dccm DecK d*cm 

J 1 ) - — — •* i - 

a - - - i - 

<7: 3'* - - !■» 7% - 

Ai - - r. - r* 

4Ts-S*»---- 

CoOl: AW V0L2.IC; Itfat Open M.2UH 
Pan: wtaivoifia. ictoi ooen mi. 157JB8 
SOwcr. CBOE. 


Bid Att BM 
ALUMINUM (High Grade} 

Dollars per mime foa 
Snot 125790 125X50 122990 

Forward I279J0 ima imoo 

COPpe R CATHODES (HAD Grade) 
Dollars per metric ton 
Soot 164620 186720 182020 

Forward 1B9UI0 U91M 104600 

LEAD 

Doom per matric too 
Snot 44650 46850 45100 

Forward 480J90 482J0 44&00 

NICKEL 

Dollars Far metric toa 

Soot 579000 548000 

Forward 565000 506000 574000 

TIN 

mUars per metric Ton 
soot 549500 550000 538500 , 

Forward 554SOO 5150.00 544000 : 

ZINC CSwkM High Grade] 

Donors per metric tea 

SPOf 9SX50 95650 93650 

Forward 97200 97320 953 JO 


Financial 

High Low Chen Change 
MMOHTH STERLING tLIFFE) 
MOM-ebolMapd 

Mar 9407 9429 9681 +800 

Jno 94.97 9492 9496 +009 

Sep 9494 9690 9494 +OH5 

Doc 94.5* 91.82 9407 +0JB 

MOT 94M 94 A3 9408 +006 

Jotl 9444 9439 9*A3 +005 

Sea 9419 94 IS 9418 +004 

Dec 9326 93.94 9326 + 002 

Mar 9177 9320 902* +803 

-fun *302 9157 9360 +002 

Esl. volume; 67.194 Open hit.; 433040. 
MAOfVTH EURODOLLARS tLIFFE) 
n n in Ian - ah oi iM pd 
Mar 9437 9626 9626 —801 

JIM %05 9605 9&SJ6 Onoh. 

Sep 9523 9522 95.73 —Ml 

DOC 9523 9523 9523 -001 

Mar 95.15 95.15 95.16 -&01 

iM N.T. N.T. 94.92 —00(1 

Sea N.T. N.T. 9423 —001 

Est. volume: 561. Open ML: 13^85. 

3- MONTH EUROMARKS tLIFFE) 

DM1 mllHan - ptt of IN M 
Mar 9435 9419 9435 +001 

Jap 9420 9401 9407 Uncti. 

Sen "s.n 749a 9495 — M2 

Dec 95 l17 9308 95.12 —004 

Mar 9522 9522 9S24 — 807 

Jap 9533 9534 9525 — 007 

Sep 9523 9518 9519 —005 

Dec 9511 95.05 95J» —005 

Mar 949* 9491 9491 — 005 

Jn 9481 9476 94.00 -003 

Esl volume: 163291 Open Int.: 971984 
LONG GILT tUFFe) 

•58000 - pfl G J2pdx of 100 pet 
Mar 116-14 115-21 116-06 +0-M 

JOT MS-20 115-00 115-13 +0-09 

Est. volume; 130.911. Open *it.; IRS16 
GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND tLIFFE I 
DM 354800 - PH of IN Pd 
Mar 99.15 9462 9868 —006 

Jan 9900 98.50 9856 — 037 

Est. volume: 1 99319. Open trrt.: 0208021. 


METALL: Company May Relocate Its Headquarters 


Ctm tamed from Page 9 
DM [$2 billion) that included plans 
to sell several subsidiaries and oth- 
er fixed assets after trading in de- 
rivatives by a U.S. subsidiary 
racked up huge fosses. 

Hans Schreiber. Meiallgesells- 
chaft's chief spokesman, refused to 
comment on the proposal to move 


out of the downtown site. “We're 
comfortable here." he said. 

Comfortable or otherwise, the 
company plans to cut its headquar- 
ters staff in half, or by about 800. 
sources said. Combined with its 
cash crunch, this has forced it to 
consider moving a large part of its 
management into the suburban of- 


fices of a key engineering subsid- 
iary. Luigi AG, which has already 
announced plans to cut its own 
payroll by 8S0 people. 

.V spokesman for Luigi, located 
in Hedderahdm, on (he northern 
edge of Frankfurt, said rumors of 
the move had been circulating and 
be confirmed that the site “would 


Est voloma; 6094 
COFFEE ILCE> 

Dollars pot metric tM-Wsai 5 Mas 
Mar 1,218 UK UO 1,194 1009 1210 

May 1212 1213 UM 1200 1213 12U 

Jal 1209 1210 1210 1203 1200 1209 

Sot UII Wi 1 013 1207 LZM 1213- 

Nov 1211 1213 1213 1207 1212 I2U 

Job 1206 1213 12M 1209 1200 12M 

Mar 120S 1213 N.T. N.T. 1200 1219 

Esl. volume: 1304. 

wan Law Ohm area 
WHITE SUGAR (Motif) 

DoUan Mr metric IoifMx Of 58 Nits 
My 30550 30500 30600 20700 — 020 

asa mil N.T. 38531 307.00 -SJO 

Od 29350 N.T. 29300 29500 — 050 

□k 29om mm mm aw* — i jo 

Mar N.T. N.T. 291 JO mM - 100 

May n.T. N.T. 29400 29700 Uadi. 

Esl. votorrut: 1021. Open INL: 12.133. 


Industrials 

■ m LOW LAR Sami «roe 

GWOtLtlPEl 

Uj. Mima Mr nitric tow-lots at IM taut - ' 

VS JfiQ 12* ’»•» 13900 125 

Aor 1407S 13025 UBL75 13X75—025 

MOy 13900 13825.13823 TJ45D' — 0J0 

JOT IMJg 13925 13925 13973 —025 

JaJ M22S 14129 14) JS -141% —025 

A 09 14425 14400 14400 18400 Uncti. 

Sot HU 14U5 14625 14650 -«25 

oa 14900 14925 14925 14958 — 025- 

N0» T51» 151 JO 15150 13200 +SS 

D8C , 15400 15350 15350 .15400 Undv 

J4W 1508 154JS. 15475- 15526 +025 
Ftt N.T. N.T. N.T. 1SS2S-'+tS' 

EsL vatwn*; 11992. Open tot HUM - - 
BRENT CRUDE OIL (1PEI 
UG-MBots pot OTm m m 09X888 Batratt . . 
Are 1X44 J2M 1193 1202'— 625 

May 1W ite 1122 1154 -028 

JOB 1177 1X45 .1145- 1X45 —025 

JU < 1354 1302 1X82 1X64 -024 

Aag K12 UB2 1X82 1X82 —024 

5cp 1429 1426 1427 T4« _ SS 

N.T. N.T. N.T.. 1424 -024 
Nov N.T. N.T. NT 1437 —034 

Dee: N.T. N.T. N.T. . .- 1435 — 0L22 

Est volume: 19532 . Open St. 123,153 . 


Stock Indexes .. 

FT3E100(UFF£> ‘ 

*25 pot Index point 

Mot 34290 339X8 <- 34140 +340 

JU 3W SfflSO , -34380. -+Z15 

SOT N.T. - NX' 34480 +340 

EsLuulwita: 19242 OPwtrttrWWa . ’ . ’ 
5ourc«u; Rwters, Mailt. Assocktim} ftta 
London Inn Financial Futures Exchange. 
Inti PmtroAeam Exchange. 


Spot C4mvn<Mmte» 

CanmwdHv Today “ nw. 

Atom Mom. lb SJ71 _ 0551 

Coftee.BnU.lb 047 - - OJ7 

Capper oiecfrnivtlc. lb 0965 0577 

Iron FOB. tan 21308 21300. 

Lead, ib 034 c« 

Stiver, trov o* - 52* 527 

Steel (scrap). Ion ' 13133 13X33 

Tin. Ib 36391 IUL 

ZMclb 04496 . 0.4SQ5 


U.S. /AT me w gg 

Crude Oil Plunges to Five-Year Lw 

NEW YORK fBlownbenO -~n« Pf«f ^ 

hrra.tonsadtasmumas.IO degrees Fahrenheit (5J duress 
t,«r- said Raod LcBldwTdftaiing oil ™l)i« 'f. lt gf SLST th, 

erode, fdf 13 cents to JI3.93' barrel . 

Weather Cuts U.S. Housing Starts 

WASHINGTON (Reuter) — Construction starts an n^w 

ajartmentsphmgedattheslmpeslratemthreeyearsdui^J^n^'^ 

Snwaw SiSI^t said Wednesday. 9S severe weather slashed 
boOifing activity. ■ . 

lhe annual rale of starts on new homes plununeted 17.6 pown^ 
seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1.29 mflnon units. But that toUOTWd 
revised inoeaseof^ U.7 pereeni in December that had “ 

reponed as only a 61 parent increase. Nonetheless, (he drop a 
building w» sharper than forecast by WaB Street econonnsts, who had 
expected a rate oH;4xniIliaa ^hontes.’ , , , c , 

Si^b-famDy homebuDding fdl 15 percent, to a rate of 1-15 mfflron a 
year, and apartment construction dropped 33.8 perrent, to a rale of 
'147jQO0 Units. Biu analyses said conditions remained favorable rora 
stronger pace of amsuiKiioo iit Use qnihg with 'mortgage raiesiaanyw 
fow by hBtoric standards. 7Tie Federal Home Loan Mortgage Carp- said 
the average rate on 30-year mortgages rosc to7.21 percent last week from 
. 6.97 percent a week earider. 

Wesdndioiise Sells Distribution Unit 


DMdandi 


Co mpan y Par Amt ■ 

IRREGULAR 

British Pot ADR ft 46 

Mpprox amount. . 

STOCK ' 

NAI Tacta . 4% 

STOCK SPLIT 
Monrv5Jar»3hv5 
Hard Podflc 8forl 

SPECIAL 

Village Bncn J .19 

REGULAR 



>2 »II 


d-IH — -l 

3-10 331 
WO Ml 
3-ZI 4-11 
yi >i5 
7-28 3-14 
3-11 4-12 
3-1 >15 


- NEW YORK — daytoo. Dubilier & Rice Iikx, a private investment 
company, said Wednesday that it had reached a definitive agreement with 
Westinghouse Electric Corp. to buy its oectrkal equipmeni distribution 
network, Westinghouse Electric Supply Gl, for about S340 million. 

- Under the terms of the deal, which is expected to dose by March u a 
new company formed by Clayton. Ltalnher will acquire tbe umL Westing- 
house sairt it would ream an equity interest in the new company. 

The company has 8 1.6 billion in sales and more than 3,000 employees. 

(Knighi-Ridder. Reuter) 

Hewlett-Packard Net Surges 41 % 

EALO ALTO. California (Bloomberg) —.Shares- of Hewlett-Packard 
Co. tox to an all-time high of $90,125 on Wednesday and dosed at 
$89,125, up $3625, after the company reported first-quarter earnings rose 
nearly 41 percent on a sales increase of 24 percent, sparred by sales of 
small computers and peripheral devicess. 

T"be computer maker reported that net incase for the quarter ended 
Jan. 31 was $368 million while revenue daubed to $5.68 billion. Many 
analysts had expected thecongjany to report profit of about $300 million. 

Robert P. Wayman, thecxH^anyschirf financial officer, told analysts 
be crinld not eunrantee rcDeai nerformances for die rest of the year but he 


monativ; q-q u e rt arry? hcmHotmI 


Ccuua artniam of KCBtilia. ftaanciil 
Hf*ica or bi£n& ia ted 6MK jnbfolicd in 
Gil amreper « » awborized ia gbUIb 
jandidiau ia vriiaefa *c tmenutwal Hatid 
Tnbmae « datribMvd. iochaltiip: ihe Untied 
Smcit of America, usd 4o noi coauilMe 
□llenafs ol wcanda. unto or Interna la 
thru jarisiticiioH. Tbe taKiMdanti Hatid 
Trthme mwanct oa napaftiWil) (talKM 
Uxxtf advaiacnrtasfar offmoji trfasry Ud6 


have room" for Metallgeseflschaft 
personnel 

MetallgeseUschaft would likely 
try to keep its oldest budding on 
the site, which fe a registered his- 
torical tandraar k, and rent out tbe. 
other buildings, the sources said.' 

The company has scheduled a 
press conference for next Tuesday 
to discuss the status of its restruc- 
turing. 


pledged to keep trying to raise the company’s margins and earning^ 
“Momentum is strong overall bnt there is some spottiness that is cause for 
caution," he said. 

Margins have shrunk partially hecakise the company has been selling 
I more mass-market products, sneh as laser printers, for which its share of 
the S19 billion global market rose to 65 percent last year, according to 
International Data fikfcp. lt. also sold over 660,000 personal computers 
j last year, more than double the number sold in 1992, International Data 
estimated ........ .... . ,‘ n . . 

For the Record ; " 

frfultnmxSa Inc. of Greenvflle, South Carolina,, said it would invest 
$150 million during the nexr fiveycaR to improve its cable- television 
systems to carry 500 channels and. offer alternative access to long- 
distance telephone service. (AP) 

Campbell Sopp Co. reported record earnings of $203 million for its 
second quarter, which ended on Jan. .30, primarily oa gains overseas and 
in its bakery busicess.Tnriie Eke qu&rter a yoir agcvihe company posted 


a loss of $121 million. Can^ibdl said its adverting campaign featuring 
the Olympic figure skater Nancy Kerrigan, along with January's unusual- , 
ly cold weather, helped increase consumer, scnip ptnduses 2 jjeroent in . : 
latest period. MPl 

Qaxo HuMtogs PLC aimounced that Charles Sanders, the chairman of 
its UJS. subsidiary Glaxo Inc., wiS retire F&28 and will be refdaced by 
Robert A. Ingram, who is currently Qaxo Inc/s prcsidcnt and chief 
operating officer. (BJoomhetg) 


WORLD STOCK 


U.S. FUTURES 


Season Rani 
Htoti LOW 


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I HK Really Tre3* 3i30 SF1 
HSBC HMcungc U4 116 
HK. Urara Htls 1270 IH0 
HK Telecomm I4£0 14 to 
HK Ferr. 1203 1140 

Mulct* Wticntooa 34^5 37 

HvsanDe/ Z7so 2853 

jar ame Main nao >*a 
JonnwStrHis 32 UJfl 
Kowloon f Ac lor 1632 17 

fftenaarm Orieni TJ 12IO 
Miramar naiei 2*30 a 
Hew V/orrs Dev 7135 IS 
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Ten Chc'jrrg Pros 1X50 1X50 
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Sac Gen Banaue wra RMM 
sacGOTBafgioua 7750 2750 
Satina 15WO T5S50 

Solvar 15J80 15250 

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89 88 

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Higtivelfl Steel 17.55 17.50 


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Frankfurt 

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49350 


754 JC 

256 

B29i0 

559 

563 

556 

47180 

410 

334 

33+ 

1*4 

IS* 

314 

314 

413J040453 

1173 

TIM 

XI299JS 

m 

m 

116 

234 

SiBO 

JE7 

ICJifll 

1553 

53325 

578 

479 

4» 

ijt53t3J.ro j 


KR»I M “3 41S0 

Mewan* Ora jtjo 77 

ftandtonti-in J0J0 a 

Puwlol 7550 TLX 

5A Bnrw5 S3 ST6C 

SI Hoieng *1 A. — 

5mol 22 J» 

Aeikom a ic 

<nnttm Deep >63 i« 

Crnnoosifr Index 477972 

Previous ; 4742.14 


inchcope 
Kingfisher 
Lodbroke 
Lund 5 m 
L aoarte 

Lavno 

Legal Gen Gra 
Lie yds Bank 
Marks So 
MEPC 
Non Power 
riatwm 
Nftiwst water 
Peanon 
P&O 
PHkinaton 
Power Gen 
Prudential 
Pent Om 
RecftiH Col 
Pecicna 
Feed intt 

Praters 

PMC Grcua 
I Fails Pnvee 
I Rgltimn laUrtl 
Pavel 5ttol 
RTZ 

SomsCury 
5aot Hew«W5 
Saar Power 
Strars Holds 
Severn Trent 
Shell 
Siebe 

Smith Neshcw 

SmitttKIinea 

Smith iwHi 
Sun Alliance 
Tcrle S Lvle 
Testa 
Thom E.V.: 

Tomkins 

TS3 Grou> 

Unilever 
UtO Biscwls 
Vodafone 
'Aar Loon 3' ; 

Wellcome 
Whifhread 
WuHantsHOgs 
'Willis Ccrroon 

F.TXE mirndn ; 3417J 
Previous : Dtia 


Madrid 

SBv 3405 

BcoCentrol MHO. 3000 
Banco SonrwnOTr 7219 

Cepsa ma 

Croooeos M05 

Bndesa 7440 

EWM 166 

Iberdrola I 1115 

Pemoi 4730 

taboccitra 4X0 ■ 
Teietomco 2085 : 

10. General lodes : MU 
Previous ; Mist 


Accor 728 724 

Air LHHnOe B4I fw? 

Alcatel Aisinom rjl 738 
A«a fS03 I46J 

Banco i re cOci 638 644 

BIC 1321 1356 

BNP 282-30 2B2J0 

Bauvgucs 7T8 713 

BSN-GD »J2 937 

Carre lour JOW JUX , 

CCF. 27190 231 JO 

Cerus 147I47 9Q 

Cnargevrs Mie mu 

Clments Franc 389 332 

Club Med 363 36150 

Elt-Ami'lolrw C3.7D Ci . 


CRA 13i0 1840 

CSR 502 4« 

Dunlop ST2 529 

Fosters Brew i^o IJ2 

Goad men F,e« I/O 166 

IC I Australia 13M 1044 

Magellan 2.15 2.15 

MIM 2.95 2.92 

rial Ausr Bank I2JS 1222 

News Coro 1-220 10.14 

Nine Nehvcr* 6 P3 605 
N eroken h,;; ;.tb US 

Pioneer Irii ioi 303 

RimncJv Pcseidon 224 ZI8 

QCTRescur-.es 145 143 

5on!=s LX +03 


Wes! err Mirnrg 


LX AID 
2.45 U& 
701 7 42 


EK-Sanafl 
Euro Dtsne, 
Gen. Eau« 
Havos 
imetrjl 


IC87 10SO 
J4«c 34 4C 
7752 mC 
457.40 445 75 
640 422 


Latorae Coooee j*3.tiMi9*o 
Legranc 5740 ii»9 

L»on. Ed*;* 574 rT 

Oreal I L 1 1X0 :^s 

L.VjY H. 2EZC 39CB 

Moira-Hocnerte leaJO 1640c 
FAtChelln 8 25330 Zii 

.Vault Mi IZ3 SC 1 2SR7 

Paribas 544 531 

Pecmne* imt 31450 73329 
Pernod- Ricar a AJ950 414.13 
Pevaeoi t*i 83v 

PrinlemDS 'Aui 93* IMS 
tosiwretimoue 540 M0 

RtvPautene a 15040 MSJfl 


RoH.si LOU'S 
Rettoute 1 La 1 
5am! Gcfiair 

s.ea 

Sle Generate 
Sue: 


1660 IvC 
"65 974 

473 660 

535 50: 

ra rx 

:54.3a 350.79 


Thom»rCSF 19430 I9e 

Tctol 34I0C 341 

U A P 3J9J0 2C609 

Valeo 1471 1458 

CAC 40 lode* : 274402 
Pravigu* : 2257.77 

Market Closed 

The stock market in 
Sao Paulo ls closed un- 
til Thur5dav. 


Singapore 

Cemus 
Ci»v Dev 
DBS 

frmer Weave 

Oenilira 
Golden Haoe PI 


London 

Ngi »?) :.I2 


BoncoComm 

B 031 0*1! 

Benelton or aua 
ClR 

CrWIIDl 

Enicnem 

Fgrlln 
Ferllr. Rl» 
F«l SPA 

Finmeccon<a 

Goncroli 

IFl 


1M134.90 
875 873 
1USD IB? 
4190O4HJO 
4r^o«aio 

7r0 717 

3250 3300 
840 539 

47703471.70 
343 243 

465 «6< 
155 33r 
1067 104Q 
380 389 







WeUsocS^tkmg STt 526 

woodvde A5C 4 so 

AH ordinaries UrtM - 2249 
Previews : 204 

Tokyo 

Aksi Elect- C41 

Aseti-Cke-rcor jte 

Ajcn*G!sss ''S 

Sark 31 Tsk,c '533 

Sneaesifeito US3 

leaner :&» 

ICasu ItES 

(Co Nioocn »ruu ITO 
■ Cci »»s M-u-se 's33 

| Dei «a Securities is® 

Fain' 4153 

Fuii 3 an* T'rt 

F-i- Pf 21c rer 

F-Jlilv. 991 

Hitocn S75 

Mi*os-“' Cable ST> 

HcndC 1SES 

ISO Yck2~ 5473 

ItoCkU 647 

Jsacr. Air* ruts 629 

KflllPIC 919 

Koraoi Pneier 323 

I ramvH' 5-ec: 54 1 

Kirin Brewerv *153 

r-cmctsu 23 

tiutC'O 605 

K,cc**c 6510 

■Vgtvi Elec “«i 1473 

Atotsu 6i*c .-.*1 f!00 

Mitsurisvi s» ?aso 
.‘AitsuEiSri k.3ie US 
n.Fsui, STI EK 5-U 
7.'itSU0<i7. Mp, s~ 
MitSuSiQ-i Czrp 1353 
Mitsui one Cs 740 
Milsukov.; SCO 

.Mitsumi 1333 

tlEC jn 

NG*r. •nSu'.a'S-S 'C-CC 

F.i>»e 5+e;r ties 1?J0 

HiZKcn KKcku B2E 

r». 9Mji Si! "33 

ft'aooo jtee: 33J 

N.soor Yjsen 602 

Tiijjon ej; 

flcn-u-cSer ?:5E 

NT go 

OkKrwi Gof'CCf 1343 

PrtXMf S42 

ft, car. U7 

5«irt:£i*c 
Shc+s 
Snr-raxw 
Shine tsij Chm 
Sort. 

S*imi*crio b* 

Sunutotta Crem 
Sum, V4t-,ne 
5urr‘rcrno l.Val 
Taise Caro 
~o.tro ‘.'n-ise 
Tcfedca-e-i 
T3k. 


Via Anonoied Preu 


Season Seaton 
Hrth Low 


dose an OpJM 


Dickenson Min A 6At 

Dotoa> 24». 

Deleft A boo 

Ectic Bov Mines I7 1 * 

Eaurty Silver A 1.02 

FCAlnrt 40S 

Fea Ind A 8 l T 

r Lurcher Chart A 
FPl A«S 

Genlro 0-54 

GaWCora S's 

Guff Cda Fes 4js 

Hces Inn 15*6 

Hemlo G<d fAlnes 17»i 

Hcliinger 14’n 

Horsham Ifr 1 -* 

Hudson i Ba« 
imcsco 3955 

Inco JJ»S 

interprov aloe H+: 

Jannock 211ik 

Lotxjft 22S 

LcKanCa 22 

MLockeruM IIF. 

MoonalntlA Wi 

Maritime SOT# 

Mark Res 6' i 

Mac Lean H'jnter 16'* 

Tltolscn A 26 

Noma 1 no A ti* 

ricronrta Inc 2S'-* 

HOTonds Forest ir« 

Norcen Energy 15^ 


830 May M II JB 1109. IU2 UL39 -804 56074 

9.15 JiAH 11-43 1144 X\M IL44 -60S 22483 

9>DOQM 11.U. 1100 »LI| 1U4 1903 

9.17 MarK 11.11 1132 11.11 • 1T.IS -«M S1B& 

last May n 11.14 US! JIM IMS —OJlt. 477 


Nltwrn Telecom HP, 


Nova Cora 9* 

Oshava 2 

Pagurln A 14 

Ptacer Dame 33V 

Po« Petroleum 9' 

PWA Coro IX 

Ravrock Itv 

ScnalSSOnCe 28' 
Rogers B ? 

PaWtmans *i 

Porai Bank Can 79* 

SctoTrt Res ML 

5coti s Hum 
S uagram 385 

Sears Can T\ 

snan Can J7\ 

Sherrill Gordon II', 

EHL Svsiemhse OT 

Southarm ITS) 

Soar Aerospace 19+ 

ShHcofi 


9*6 9V; 

a n-. 
145 145 
33*-s 32-1 
9'! 9Hi 
104 141 
I7V^ 18 


Grains 

WHEAT tCSOT) ’^oco du itwwiwt.- 1M.1 pe P n OT 

3.OT.1 ice Anar m imi iTiw 3 l ig>* 1*4*7 

J.77 308 Mcnr94 ISd’-i 359 155 UT4— aW’.S MI7 

J06 7.96 4494 X43 14AVj XC Xitt'A -BJ»Vi M.5JO 

157*1 302 Sea 94 145 147 ifl'.i 30OT* -981’* 7MS 

365 309 D«. W 1531, J5t 159*1 353'- - BMP* 15*8 

3JC«« lit Jgl95 . „ 30* -001 1? 

Esl sale* 104)00 Tub's, sides 10080 
TUe'SODCnrt 48.941 Of 1248 
WHEAT OCBOT) j,m>umwm-«g%iH>nml 
3.71 193 Mar 94 3 53 365 360’ « 363 -004 I3JQ 

IT**, 7*3 Nlov 94 353*S 356 152V, 354 -801 SHU 

355 2.97 AH94 3.«’i 145 lO lti’« -O0Ol| KW17 

363'r liO'iieoM !«** 145 Vi 141 344 2.2*5 

360 Lir -1 Oce« JJlAi 1514. 149 J5B -0OK s *Jt 

353’* LO', Mar 95 15! -000*5 5 

Est stars ka. Tie's. soOT 5663 
Tac’stsenW JS.IJ0 up 563 
Corn tenor) uUbu Phnman- ocOTserreutlwt 
I lll>v 2X', tier 94 293 EW*« UTi 1M*« • 0.000 »X239 

I 3)4*, 7JrjJU0k«4 2»'j 3t»’j 1 OPb»0JI! 10*006 

116"; 241 JulM UXPv 103 ICO’S UZ’.j .001 40063 

2.92*4 3-0* r£ep94 2*5 2077- 265 2JT, .001V| »699 

■ 273*- 205 : Dec W 7.70 271 277'. -002 49.H7 

! Uf i IQ'.'iMar »5 S.tWi IH'4 X75V* 273' « -0JO* * 3,1*5 

JJC 771 Mov 95 229 1619. 229 2611.-003'.- 282 

1 20* > ZJFiJu.95 130'.. 203 200'. 2!2», •002'- TUB 

750'r 7-51 *1 Dec 95 255 255 254 246V J - 000*5 Ui 

Est »«« 43000 Tue'1 solos 45696 
Tue'SQORlrt 3*4.73 7 at 16 
SOYBEANS (LBOri URkiWMun-MmM'aulW 
754 509 *jMot94 674 68116 674 681% -0KH- 4*012 

7J1 55Z*,iMoy94 6 82 6*8 681*1 607*. -001 M.I99 

750 S94V.H4M 68k 6»”< 615 690 -002'- MJOT 

70S ma Aug 94 681 603 629'. 643 -001*4 7.0(8 

i 609'i ; 617 5«»94 643 668 663 667*k -0C3 3*» 

! 7S7'5 555V, Nov « 658 654", 649V, 6 AHj - 002*k 2UF7 


162 —004 IUO 
164 -O01 64U 

!«'« -0001-1 KL317 
144 2J(5 

158 -ftfiOVl tjt 
1X1 -000'S 5 


■ -looni 71239 
-001 106006 
i -001 900(3 

i >0019) 2P099 
i -an? 49.9*7 
i-anri 11*5 

I -O0J'. 282 

i •002'^ 7116 

l . 200') U8 


11J1 

1057 Jul 9$ 

1123 

1122 

I1J2 

- 11.15 

-aw ns 

IIJO 

1857 Od 9$ 

11.29 

IL22 

1122 

11.13 

—007 239 

Est **>«. XL645 TUTS. SON! 

25416 . 



7Wsopenlnt DOJBS 

on 103 - 








*495 

SS3M0TM 

1079 

HOT 

1067 

MTS 

-7. 3078 




INN 

1087 



1365 

99»Ji«ea 

1125_ 

1D6 

nu 

ina 

+4 isSn 

1377 

lasaseof* 

US 

IIS 

1131 

n*3 

7 , 9*5 

1389 

1841 DK 94 

1173 

H7» 

1173 

1171 

& 828 

130 

1077 Star 95 

1209 

I3W 

1284 

naj 

♦ 7 7.90 

1600 

1111 Mav 95 

IDS 

1229 

m* 

12 a 

‘10 5072 

MU 

1225 -W IS 




IM 

♦ 8 3471 

1358 

12755*0*5 




12(0 

»U AI 


Est.satu 6706 iWvsam IJU ■ 
Tae'iooenM 86944 OH 279 
ORAHCEJUKX (NCTM) IMNU-cMiMh 
DU S 8*5BMarW M7J0 Wfi 70610 10625 

raoo 8*00 mot M H075 tnso m/n msa 

moil IID5DJuIf« HITS 11*23 1128B 11190 

13450 1Q55D5OT 9* 11700 1170S 11600 11575 

13*00 1OB0ONDVU 11690 lt&W 11800 1I7J5 

'MOO staJ0Jaa*5 12000 

HU5 706 0D Mar *3 12000 

Ed. sales 7000 Tukiula 1087 
loe'acowiigl ItJlO ijp IN- . - 

Metals 


28'. 

28'» 

ore 

6.181, Jen *5 AM 

640 

655 

*J9>- 

-ao'v 

■436 


ZIVi 

673*1 

642 k4ar9S 60 

665 

65V-, 

645 

-tua 

3M 

*K 

95 


442+: Juf 95 662!', 

645 


445 

-( un 

217 


29: i 

tJC'i 

UI'.,Ndv95 623 

625 

621 

624*s 

•otot 

777 

14*. 

14 

Esi. soles 45000 Tuffs, vses JBSM 




8 

a*. 

TuffSOP «1*0 17C-775 UO 828 





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737 Jfi 

lUJOUarM 19LSC 

177 jn 

19550 

1*6 JO 

-040 86419 



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JSSJOAfc y«4 I960) 

I9IJXJ 

tibio 

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ISlUOJul*. 197JJ8 

197 JO 

196*0 

19740 

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B*d 


DUO 

191JS0AWI94 IWJO 

11650 

17573 

196 SB 

•«» 

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—14* AM* 
-308 W 
—MO IM 
r*3S MG 

— 10S 811 

— i6S m 
— U9 27 


-605 27029 
•000 871- 

*033 16897 
*833 344 

-OJS 7JU 
*M5 1516 
-0-15 1587 
•6n 

*630 536 

*605 1021 


Tcllsman Enrrg 20va 

Tec* B 25*s 

Thomson News >7 

Toronto Damn ?r . 

Torstcr B 

TromeiiD Uni 16 

TransCOa Pht I9\, 

TrUan Fint a 6J0 

Trlmoc I6 ’t 

Tniee A a«4 

UWcora Energy 0.9# 

TSEnsiKin:«CM.ia 
Prevtoui : 441449 


ITS, 17\. 

1 TV, J96. 

_ 8 8 


}I2CC 189 JO Sea « 19450 19400 m.w 

20631 107 .to Oct 94 192.70 197 » 19X50 

20940 4000k 94 19240 19240 191.70 

3X00 1 3650 JOT 95 1*2(0 773M 19250 

Esl soles NA. Tie s sun 1*019 

Tce'sooenint 71.450 on W 
SOYBEAN OO- RSOT1 umni-MMMii 


-010 4005 
•an 2 job 
■620 6761 
-au 9tt 


3075 

71 I37JUY96 

27.98 

2132 

274! 

2831 

-02*23.55* 

3045 

71-30 Ma> *4 ZUfct 

2930 

27 JO 

2831 

-0.D 27425 

39.78 

71 55 A6 94 

2795 

2932 

77.81 

2831 

-038 30310 

2*23 

«.SS<s«0« 

2/43 

2745 

27 JO 

77.91 

-OJ1 

6 *W 

3&A 

22405*pS« 

27.15 

2740 

r.u 

27 JS 

-035 

5.594 

17 4S 

2T.10CO94 

7645 

7577 

2645 

1677 

-032 

64*1 

2640 

CM D« *4 

2595 

2623 

26® 

2626 

-131 

9169 

3*55 • 

D45Jm95 

25-80 

2617 

2588 

2610 

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IittM 

7573 

25 50 Nicy 95 




7590 

-OA 

17 

7575 

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3545 

-OA 

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tL9 

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-IB J602S 

*10 10217 
-1.9 • 

‘JO M83 

-40 3077 


Zurich 


Montreal 


Alcan Aiurnknum 
Bank Montreal 
Bell Canada 
Bombanfeor 9 
Cam8«» 
Covpj*i _ 
Oominlan Te*t A 
Donohue A 
MacMUIcn B1 
Natl Bk Canada 
Power Cara. 

TeSriSe 8 

Univa 

VhS»frgn 

i&tts? m 


N.0. - 

28'* 2SS. 
44 «3*» 

Wfc 19=. 
20'. JC'« 
S 7*8 
73- r*] 

26 + 25* k 
2Wl 23'. 
lD»a IB*s 
*174 71*. 

21 21 It 

1T.S 19 

I9*'i 79 

197s 19»s 
n* 7". 
X 30 

: 190434 


ESI sales ILOOQ Tot's, sales 15-26* 
Tucscwnirti 98. Jn Pit lilt 

Livestock 


485 1455 7400 -ad AW 

612 7S02 am -OI0JT096 
450 76® 7445 —412 26409 

3JS 7120 73J0 -80711.1*4 

X6S 7145 »16? —Oin 9J7J 

187 an Tin -o« mu 

IS 7145 7150 -007 308 

6330 



9609 9UBM0 94 9657 9437 9606 9437 . 

1675 1Q«Jun94 9605 9U» 9405 9606 

8634 90L36Sflp94 9173 . 9SM- 9S33 9133 

*641 9671 Dec 9i 9S32 9SJB 9502 9S* 

9800 KttIMarM WIS WIT 95 U «.« 

9540 - «mjun»5 1691 9694 9601 969] 

95.43 ■ 91 31S*D 93 9672 9673 9671 9473 

*501 91-18 Dec 95 9646 9641 9646 9AM 

EstStiM 1801186- BlYkHWi 17)083 
IkrtaenU M962W a« 13715 
MOTPHROWP law ,wwrt.|*gwertia 
10384- 740)0 Mark# 10714 17B18 14492 M7« 

1-5150 L4474 Jai«4 13*30 1-4750 tjUSD 106*0 

1099 LAMB SOT 94 1.4450 

■lJ09 ' I.450aOSC8« • 1.4624 

U-fOOT MjB* Tot's. sales 1AS31 . . 

Tor's open fa* 4JJ44 oK 1857 
CANADIAN DOLLAR (OWR) iwAMuMmOI 
BL07M OJlHWHrW 07385 03408 07385 6740! 
62105 O^OJDaM 67377 03319 83377 03396 
07740 073*5 SnH 07388 07304 07388 07393 

07OT MI5QkN 67387 -07387. LTV 073*1 
O7403 :«Mor9S 0J3B1 07365 07381 673*1 
07522 ' 07374 Jan9S . 0791 

EsL sales 4J30 TOT'S. *Aes SMJ 
Tne^mnOT 41,720 up ms 
CS1MWMMK (CMSU swanaA-inmiMirtssai 
06305 0J6«2MarM 85770 0912 05757 0S9Q 
JU433 05WOTnM 0JBM 05710 057*1 OS7W 
660(5 aswsa*94 05728 00745 O072S 00737 
65728 6 raw Dec »4 00280 

Etf.OTB 4M9 Toe's. ides 62J7I 
roe's mnkn 135405 . OIF 3(80 
J APANE SE YEN ffMBQ * nrsrartitunnf 

6M*30llMaBk4OT9*6aON8aiUmm6aOI«a!OJ10H45 
600*943UUSt7UunW CUXMHUB973Blflin641ligo9681 ‘ 
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Mcolrt JAsS^TOT'svAes 57 JM t*"* 

TOT'S oopi nr W3.13I OH IfiH 


3274)92 
.60IMOJB4 
-60I7TLT79 
*0jn 146077 
-601137404 
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-19 36*35 
-19 209 . 

* 1 ? sn 

• 1* 577 

*19 368 

♦ » 12 


• U 126871 
*15 ML317 

• IS 338 

• 15 67 


mranuic RNBO - — — *-i'ri«-eneiinom 
17m . JUJWAOTTH O40M V4K71 06854 OMTl 

07070 (USFDJtB** 04875 04090 04644 04863 

07000 64M08rt94 ?5S 

Esrsotas 31237 Tot's.®** 39465 
TuYT open Int 41473 off TT7T . 


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•^630 70023 
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CmWI MCnP Mot OTinvtL 

J* HfflkrK 77JN 7538 

».« 57 47 May 9* J7.10 7758 75jS 

21OT .. «3SJMM 7745 7774 7430 

OM 90IOC794 73OT- ■ 7405 7200 

32 »4IDeC*4 7670 7T.IO 7050 

TLtt iU0Mar95 7150 7155 71 J! 

w 7,73 

4*05 

5L75 *3-78 Aar 94 44JD 444) 

5750 43.MMn>«.«US 4345 SS 

n.20 Junta 4335 ‘ 4305 Sp 

.4U0JlA9( <1B5 «4S S?5 
44JBAHM 4509 «£S0 4C75 

46JS 46.10 4500 

GO 94 4700 4707 46.90 

NOT 94 OJS 4830 VK 

4850 Dec 94 «H «0 M 

&2SJan« itw «jo SS 

4JJ3FOTW 49J0 ®J5 j»m 

*40 *00 Sn 

- 47.lOAar9S-.087S ATS ATS 

Est soles 54,195 TtOT&sMs SMW 

W lMlti T8A22I cT%0t 

uwTwmrauom mako 

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-004 90U 
t&U 2JJ» 
*0.12 MMO 
*645 Sr)» 
+622 9473 
+052 - US 
+603 Tt 
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— LU29.1B 
— 681 27J56 
-001 31000 ' 
-621 KM 

614 4.3*5 
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. .+624 UBS 
• 629 2044 
+0J* 5,327 
-628 1,994 
.10* 680 ■ 
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3 HI i«M H? hS 


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6150 U25A4av«4 77 JO 2680 7*30 

W.S0 4*50 JW *4 7*40 7925 UM 

1850 M50 ieoW 1080 KUO »7S 

«ioo n took 94 bus si.ro iixs 

BJ8 70,90 MAM 

8125 BUOMOY** 

KM «MM« 

EH S*S JIJ93 TuffS. Mb* 24,1*2 
TOT'loocnrt 47434 off 7 474 
SUGAR-WORLD II OKSO itiMtn-tnmt 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBI NE.TH l RSD.W. FEBRUARY J7, 1 99 A 


Page II 


EUROPE 


■<* 




Co*?hM M Our Siatf fto* 

FRANKFURT — The Bundes- 
bank asserted Wednesday in its 
raootWy report that Germany's 
economy remained “in the dol- 
drums.'’ but attention was focused 
on Thursday's meeting of central 
hank officials and on market fore- 
casts that the Bundesbank would 
not move to. cut interest rates. 

“There's no indication that a rate 
cut has to be just now” Adolf Jte 
denslock, an economist at Jndus- 
triebank von Japan (Deutschland) 
AG. said — despite signs inflation 
is slowing and despite the dollar's 
Tall against the Deutsche mark this 
month, which could give the 
Bundesbank room to bom defend 
the currency and trim rates. 

Economists said the Bundesbank 
might wait nmil more information 
is available about the nation’s M-3 
money supply, which provides, 
clues about the pace of inflation. 
Thai indicator rose at an annual 
rate of 6.1 percent in December, 
exceeding analysts' forecasts. 

Economics Minister GQnter 
Rexrodt said this wed; that be did 
not expect a rate cut “for months." 


Some market participants inter- 
preted a modest easing of liquidity 
Wednesday in a securities repur- 
chase tender as a sign that rates 
would stay steady. The Bundesbank 
injected 130 billion DM (51.45 bil- 
lion) into domestic money markets. 

The announcemen t Monday that 
the repurchase agreements would 
would carry a fixed rate of 6 per- 
cent rate for the ] 1th week in a row 
also dampened expectations -of a 
rate cul 

In its monthly report on the 
-economy, due -for publication 
. Thursday, the central bank said 
West German manufacturing out- 
put remained the country's “center 
of weakness.” with fourth-quarter 
output 0.5 percent lower than in the 
previous quarter and 4 percent low- 
er than a year earlier. 

The Bundesbank estimated that 
gross domestic, product in the 
fourth iquarter had fallen 0.5 per- 
cent. after adjusting for inflation 
and seasonal effects, from third- 
quarter levels. But it said the fall 
was due mostly to . a slowdown in 
construction activity, ^ Bloomberg. 

Knrgfu-Ridder. AFX) 


Rhone Reserved 
About Future 

Compiled fo- Our SwTI From Dispatches 

PARIS — Rhone-Poulenc 
SA on Wednesday said net 
profit fdl 36.5 percent in 1993. 
to 962 million francs (5258 
million), as the recession in 
Europe hit earnings in its 
chemicals and fibers divisions. 

Revenue fell 1.4 percent io 
80.56 billion Francs at the com- 
pany, a 43 percent stake in 
which was sold by the state to 
private investors last year. 

Chairman Jea&rRen£ Four- 
toil said he did not want to 
predict significant improve- 
ment in profit before 19%. Bui 
the stock Rbe 220 francs, to 
150.40. reflecting a belief that 
he was being deliberately pessi- 
mistic. (Bloomberg, Reuters) 


4 Israeli Banks 
Are Found Guilty 

Catnpihiht Our Staff Front Dispatches 

JERUSALEM — Four leading 
Israeli banks and nine of tbeir for- 
mer executive were found guilty 
Wednesday of criminal involve- 
ment in a stock-market plunge that 
cost the government 57 billion in 
the 1960s.. 

The Tel Aviv stock market lum- 
1 bled- 70 percent in October .1983 
after it became known that the 
banks, whose shares dominated the 
market, had been artificially prop- 
ping up their stock prices. ' 

The government took over the 
banks and promised to buy the 
; shares front investors at their for- 
mer price levels if the investor? held 
them for five more years. Bank 
Leumi. Bank Hapoalim. Israel Dis- 
count Bank ana Mizrahi Bank — 
were /amid guilty. . - (AFP. AP) 


2 Stocks Languishing at the Bottom 

Short-Sellers Take Downhill Ride With Euro Disney 


. Bloomberg Bystnr u Vw 

PARIS — When Pascals Sagnier. fund 
manager for the French insurer Axa SA, sold 
Euro Disney SC A. slock at 25 percent below 
its peak in mid-1992. she thought she might 
have missed out. 

Jus three months earlier, in March, as Dis- 
ney’s Magic Kingdom theme park near ParK 
was preparing to open, the stock hit a record 
1 64 JO francs ($28 at the current exchange 
rate) amid a fluny of buy recommendations by- 
analysts in London. Paris and New York. 

In fact, selling the slock at 120. as Ms. 
Sagnier did. turned out to be an astute move. 
Since then, it bas slid as losses and debt 
charges at the company mounted, visitor rev- 
enue fell way short of target, the parent Walt 
■Disney Co. threatened to abandon the pro- 
ject and investor? were left in the dark about 
its financial restructuring 

'The stock had risen a lot and we made a 
lot of money, although we didn't sell at the 
top.” Ms. Sagnier said. “I am in the habit of 
buying companies for which information is 
transparent and precise, and on which one 
can form a clear judgment. Euro Disney 
shares don’t meet any" of these criteria.** 


Plenty of other fund managers haw hailed 
out since (hen as the stock skidded Mow its 
issue price of 72 francs in late J 992. rebounded 
briefly io 90 francs in the spring of iPtt. then 
hit an all-time low of 27.20 on Nov. 24. 

Since then the stock, still pan of France's 
CAC-40 Mock index. ha> been trading in a 
range of 30 to 38 francs, neglected by 7 most 
investment funds and offering only slim pick- 
ing* to speculators seeking to profit from 
day-to-day price changes. Euro Disney ended 
at 34.40 on Wednesday. 

Euro Disney was reduced to the status of a 
speculative stock after Nov. 10. when the com- 
pany posted a net loss of 5 J bill) on francs for 
the financial year that ended Sept. 30. its first 
full year of operations. The loss, which includ- 
ed write-offs for start-up costs, was one of the 
biggest in French corporate hiMoiy 
This month. Euro Disney reported the hem- 
orrhage was continuing, with losses for Octo- 
ber-Etecember. the first quarter of its 1994 
year, rising to 553 million francs from 423 
million a year earlier. Saks from the theme 
park rdl 12 percent, to 826 million francs. 

The company, now staggering under 20 
billion francs of debt, has been forced to put 


iu> planned expanMon. involving more hotels 
and a second amusement park, on hold while 
u arranges a financial rotnicJuring with its 
64 creditor banks. 

Anahsis sas Euro Disrtes will require at 
leastS- billion in new funding. prc*bably split 
between debt write-offs by the hanks auid an 
injection or cash by Wall Disney through 
subscription io a Euro Disney stock issue. 

However the funds are ftxmoL the exercise 
will be painful for hanks, stockholders 3nd 
bondholders, and the company. 

That makes it difficult to put a value on the 
slock, analysts and traders said, especially 
since an audit ordered by banks from K.PMG 
Peat Marw ick lost November on Euro Disney 
still has mu been completed. 

"There are so many external elements, so 
many short positions, so many dealers hyper- 
sensitive to the slightest news, that it's very- 
difficult to nuke judgments on the stock." 
said Marc Vemuvse. trader at ihe Paris bro- 
kerage Coununv Bouvcl 

Many investors have taken speculative 
short positions on the stock, selling shares 
they do not own in anticipation of being able 
to buy them back later at a lower price. 


Metallgesellschaft: Hard to Find and Hardly Worth It 


By Ferdinand Prouman 

Vru Yorf, times Smiiv 

FRANKFURT — For private investors 
who have looked for profits in foreign stock 
markets in the last year, the good news is that 
they have been mostly closed out of the 
debacle at MetallgeseUschaft AG. 

Most of the company’s stock is held by a 
few institutional investors, who have borne 
the brunt of the plunge in the company's 
slock as it teetered on rite brink of bankrupt- 
cy in early January. 

These investors, lead by ihe emir of Ku- 
wait. who bas a 20 percent stake, have seen 
the price of their stock nearly halved since 
-last November, when it reached a high of 426 
Deutsche marks (S246). MetallgeseUschaft 
shares closed at 210 DM on the Frankfurt 
Stock Exchange on Wednesday. 

They are going to have to wait a long time, 
analysts said, to see if they will be able to cut 
their losses. For now. siting tight and hoping 
for better days is about all they can do. 

“If you don’t hold any shares! you don't 
react one way or another, just let the dust 
settle.” said Albert Morilln. head of the equi- 
ties desk at Scottish Widows, the British pen- 
sion fund company. “It's far too early say what 
is going on with MelaJlgesellschafL Of course, 
it’s a different story if you are Jong the stock.” 

That different story is for the seven instiiu- 


holding of 

company’s equity. In addition to the emir of 
Kuwait, they are a holding company jointly 
owned by Deutsche Bank and Allianz AG 
Holding, 13.2 percent: Dresdncr Bank. 12.6 
percent; Daimler-Benz AG. >0 percent: Aus- 
tralian Mutual Provident Society. 6 percent, 
and MIM Holdings Ltd. of Australia. 3J 
percent. 

Metallgesellschaft's problems emerged in 
mid- December, when the former chairman. 
Heinz Schimmelbusch said the company ex- 
pected a loss of SL2 billion in the financial 
year that ended Sept. 30. More than half of 
that stems from losses in oil-futures trading 
in the United Slates. Huge losses are also 
expected in the current year. 

Shortly thereafter, Mr. Schimmelbusch 
and most of the managing board were dis- 
missed. Germany's business community was 
stunned. Mr. Schimmelbusch. a debonair. 49- 
year-old Austrian executive, had steered the 
company through an expensive expansion 
and diversification drive tirat created a con- 
glomerate of 258 subsidiaries, 58.000 employ- 
ees and annual sales of 515.5 billion. 

But melding and managing those diverse 
businesses proved more than Mr. Schimmel- 
busch and his team could handle. Operating 
losses began to mount when the recession hit 
Germany in 1992. To compensate, they gave 
virtual free rein to profit centers, such as the 


oil-trading business in New- York. But by 
mid- ! 99 J that had turned into a di sailer. 

‘‘After on accident of such cataclysmic 
proportions, you have to reassess from 
scratch.” Mr. Morillo said. "We haven't held 
MetallgeseUschaft shares in seien or eight 
years. We met with the company's manage- 
ment several times, but never felt the share 
price was cheap enough to warrant investing. 
They left us unconvinced." 

After some hesitation, the company's 120 
creditor hunks, led by Deutsche Bank, agreed 
in January or. a SI. 9 billion bailout. Karl- 
Josef Neuki rehen was brought in by the 
Deutsche Bank as chairman. He plans to 
concentrate on the core businesses of trading, 
metalworking and chemicals, and to sell busi- 
nesses like auto parts manufacturing. At least 
7.500 jobs are to be Iosl 

The consensus among fund managers and 
analysts is that until that restructuring is 
complete. MetallgeseUschaft is to be avoided. 

“Since the price has nearly halved, the 
initial problems have been discounted.” said 
Marcus Grubb, chief European strategist for 
Salomon Brothers Inc. in London. “But the 
restructuring is still not completely resolved. 
U was not so much a problem with the busi- 
ness a* it was with internal controls of their 
trading operations. They had inadequate risk 
control, ir they had any at all. it seems to have 
been virtually ignored.'' 


Investor’s Europe 


Frankfurt 

DAX 

2400 
230Q 


London 
FTSE 100 Index 

3500 
KUO- 



S' o' n D J ?' 

1993 1994 


■sTjrnrj? 

1993 1994 


S' 0' N ri J F ■ 

1993 1994 


Excnange 

index 

Wednesday Prav. 
Close Gloss 

% 

Change 

Amsterdam 

AEX 

431.61 

429.80 

+0,40 

Brussels 

Stock Index 

7,883.25 

7.710L 87 

*006 

Frankfurt 

DAX 

2,136.61 

2,115^2 

+O.90 

Frankfurt 

FAZ 

819.15 

809.38 

+1£1 

Helsinki 

HEX 

1^23187 

1.902.10 

+1.14 

London 

Financial Times SO 

2,63230 

2 .6D6.10 

+1.02 

London 

FTSE 100 

3^17.70 

3.39320 

+0-72 

Madrid 

General Index 

345^0 

345.59 

-0.11 

Milan 

MIB 

1^76J» 

107300 

+0.28 

Paris 

CAC40 

2,264.36 

225707 

+0-28 

Stockholm 

Affaersvaeriden 


1,766-SI 

+2.61 

Vienna 

Stock Index 

48154 

491.21 

+0.41 

Zurich 

SBS 

1M&.77 

5.036.64 

+1.17 

Sources Reuters. AFP 


Inlrnuii-Hul HrrahJ Tnbunc 

Very briefly: 


• Standard & Poors Corp- cut its senior debt rating for V'o&swagen AG to 
A-pJus from AA -minus and lowered the automakers commercial paper 
rating in A- 1 from A- 1 -plus because of high labor costs. The credit-rating 
agency- also downgraded the commercial paper of Fiat SpA to A-2 from 
.4-1 because of the company's aging product line. 

• Banco Espahol de Cnkfilo SA said it hoped to agree in the next few days- 
on the .sale of its siate in Union > Femx to Assurances Generates de 
France. Spam's Finance Ministry said the sale must be agreed upon by 
Feb. 21. 

• France will speed up a 140 billion franc (524 billion) highway construc- 
tion program in an effort to pump public-works project funds into the 
ailing economy. 

• The Netherlands said industrial production fell 1.5 percent in 1993. 
marking the first annual decline in more than a decade; recessions in key 
export markets th waned output growth. -I P. AFP. Bloomberg. Renters 

SBC Profit Beats Estimates 


Compile J h Our Suit From [nspanhn 

ZURICH — Swiss Bank Corp. 
surprised investors Wednesday, re- 
porting a 36 percent rise in profit 
for 1993. to 1.37 billion francs 
(S939 million), reflecting a rise in 
fee and trading income. 

“The net profit was somewhat 
above mv expectations.” said Su- 
sarnie Borer, hanking analyst at 
Bank Vonlnbd in Zurich. "The big 
difference was on the trading side, 
and commissions were very good. 


This meant they could be generous 
in making provisions.” 

Other analysts were concerned 
that provisions, writeoffs and value 
adjustments had surged 44 percent, 
to 2.77 billion francs. But some said 
this would allow the bank to put 
many of its problem loans behind it 
The bank also said it would raise 
its dividend to 16 francs per bearer 
share and 8 francs per registered 
share, from respective payouts of 
14 francs and 7 francs for 1992. 

I Reuters. Bloomberg) 


BATTLE: Russian Trucker Needs Army and Arsenal to Stay in Business 

Gootipned from Page 9 


The police did not epen a 
Since then, there have ' 


N. Yushkov. said that one of the 
extortionists pulled out a sun. and 
DortKhservice guariJs kwed him. 

i case. '. 
been no 

similarly serious run-ins. although 
Doriechservice drivers are some- 
times hdd up. Still, the company’s 
arms buildup continues, filling (he 
Storeroom with quantities erf rales. 
Kalashnikov automatics and Ma- 
karov pistols that seem, even in 
crime-ridden Russia, to be far 
greater than the trucking company 
could possibly Deed. .Asked how- 
many weapons are stored in the 
arsenal. Mr. Yushkor would only- 
say, “Lots.” 

After the track park on which 
the company has built what he said 
was a 510 million annual business, 
the security brigade is Mr. Turn's 
most valuable asset He predicted 
that hiring out Dortechseivice 
guards to other companies, now a 


sideline, would .become one erf his 
most profitable hues. 

:_The pressing need' for security 
pushes many burine&sdwners into 
the hands of a Russian mafia. The 
term is used here to describe a 
range of extortionists including 
cough youngsters, professional 
criminals intent on controlling sec- 
tors of the economy, and govern- 
ment officials on the. take. 

Criminal groups win offer to 
protect a business in return for a 
payment, or will levy a fee to allow 
a new business onto turf they con- 
trol. They also offer loans at lower 
interest rates than banks do. and 
collect loans from debtors Busi- 
ness people who. cannot pay for 
their services are roughed up or 
their businesses are burned or oth- 
erwise destroyed. Some people are 
killed. ■ ; ' 

The secret to resisting the Rus- 
sian mafia is not to get involved 
with it in the first place, said Mr. 


Tyrin. who added that be is not 
pan of the Mafia in Saratov. 

With six other shareholders, Mr. 
Tyrin registered Doriechservice 
Corp. in September 1991. ibe 
month after the aborted coup in 
Moscow against Mikhail S. Gorba- 
chev. 

Soon thereafter, he quit as a 
high-level manager in a state con- 
struction company where he had 
wielded great power, doling out ve- 
hicles, building material and con- 
tracts, He took with him many of 
his colleagues, and his business 
contacts. 

Pooling 514.000 in capital they 
had put together from their state 
jobs, the partners purchased sever- 
al Renault tracks and began look- 
ing for a plot of land on which to 
build. 

Donechservice is one of the few 
profitable companies in Saratov. 
460 miles (745 kilometers) south- 
eas of Moscow on the Volga River. 


The city was closed to foreigners 
until three years ago because a big 
portion of the Soviet Union's 
planes and military communica- 
tions equipment had been pro- 
duced here. 

But Saratov has been hit hard by 
the arms build-down that followed 
the disintegration of the Soviet 
Union and the end of the cold war. 
In recent months, one plant after 
another has laid off or furloughed 
thousands of workers at a lime. 

Mr. Tyrin’s private security ser- 
vice is jusi one outgrowth of his 
business philosophy: Be as inde- 
pendent as possible. So are the 
beating plant and backup electrical 
generator he built to service the 
compound, and the five-suite hotel 
be is constructing to put up the 
company's guests. 

“Of course 1 could turn to any 
number of people for help.” Mr. 
Tyrin said. “Bui that means depen- 
dency, which always turns out to 
cost more money.” 


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JM. 


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SECURITY: In New York, Business Takes the Struggle Into the Street 


Coatmned from Page 9 
because «« certainly need to rake 
some responsibility for the way 1 
things are. We didn't create the 
situation, but it’s ours.” 

While Pfizer has worked to in- 
crease security in the area around 
its plant, most busnesses outside 
Manhattan have adopted tire estab- 
lished fortress approach. 

Ron Newman, owner of Creative 
Displays, a manufacturer erf mer- 
chandise display signs in the East 
New York section of Brooklyn, 
built a new factory in 1989 with few 
windows, knobless steel-plate 
doors, and a' high roof ua deter 
break-ins. The factory is surround- 
ed by a doable layer of fencing and 
is tit at -night. “It‘s a high-crime 
are* but we’ve been lucky so far.” 
Mr. NewnMtn said. 

Warehouse- or factory-based 
businesses make up the butt of 
manufacturing in Brooklyn and 
Queens. But the boroughs outside 
Manhattan also have high-end 
businesses, such as finerart ware- 
houses and jewelry manufacturers. 


for whom security is an overriding 
concern. . 

Such businesses have large secu- 
rity budgets and professionals to 
.design and run. there security operas 
lions in-house, said Pat Cummings, 
property manager for the huge In- 
ternational Design Center of New 
York in Long Island City, Queens. 

“It’s much better to be dealing 
with your own employees that owe 
loyalty to you than to a guard ser- 
vice where many of the staff are 
possibly rotating,” said themanag- 
ur. who reties on about 20 closed- 
circuit television cameras to moni- 
tor 1.5 million square feel <139,500 
square meters) in two buddings. 

Most lower- end businesses 
spend no more than 1 percent <4. 
tbeir operating budgets cm security, 
said Bob McCree. editor and pub- 
lisher of The Security Letter, a bi- 
weekly trade publication. 

Charlie Schnabolk. director of 
Kalon. a security consatting firm, 
warned that the risks decrease as 
guards’ hourly pay rises. 

“You play the oddsT said Leo- 


nardo Stderi an architect who is 
president of Key sure Inc. a securi- 
ty-products company, “since 
you're misting these people with 
the key to your front door.” 

When the nonprofit East Brook- 
lyn Local Development Corp. was 
formed in 1980 (o help stabilize a 
rapidly deteriorating industrial 
area, recalled Rick Recny. the de- 
velopment corporation’s chairman, 
“we learned from businesses that 
their No. 1 problem was crime. “So 
we designed a security program 
with many different components — 
central-station alarms, monitoring 
and motor patrols,” Mr. Recnv 
said.. 

The program was originally fi- 
nanced through voluntary contri- 
butions from area businesses: these 
became assessments when, in 1986, 
ihe area was converted to the city's 
first business improvement district 
in an industrial area. 

The alarm stations and patrols 
were staffed by local personnel un- 
til recently, when they were turned 
over to an outride contractor. 


“We really haven't had a prob- 
lem," said Brad Fades of Faden 
Bayes Paper Corp., which, enticed 
by an incentive package offered by 
New York City, moved to the area 
from a rite 30 blocks to the east in 
1987. 

The company, which operates 
behind a series of buzzers and gates 
that also enclose a 90-car panting 
lot, is a distributor of paper goods. 

But scene members of both the 
private and public security indus- 
try are beginning to look at for- 
tress-style building security as a 
lone wolf in need of pack support 

The problem, Mr. Milder said, 
the security consultant, is that “ev- 
erybody on the street is watching 
tbeir own properly, and nobody 
takes responsibility for the street.'" 

“If you gp to a number of indus- 
trial areas, you’ll find prostitution 
and drug problems, so-called quali- 
ly-oF-Hfe crimes.’' he said, prob- 
lems, that the fonress approach 
does not deal with. “The line before 
was, ‘My concern ends at my prop- 
erty line,’ ** he said. 


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Tel: (1) 47.20.30.05 


MONTAIGNE 
SUPERB 95 SQ.M. 

CtauMe taing, I bed-own 
leaned dnorwan. pet led ccnhee 

Gaage P35.G0Q angei metabd 

feANCOKira. ICAR 
URGE STUDfO. 45 SOJM. 


COSBH 


AGENCE CHAMPS ELYSBS 

tpeoofeti ei rwnrthed npCHtineWi, 
■endental »«.. 2 momta aid noie. 

Tel: (1) 42 25 32 25 

Fa> tfi 45 63 37 09 


CWn™ 

H 1 ! W: m 45 S9 92 52 
Fok ID 45 65 44 13 


RUE MS GRANDS AUGUSTINS. (5*> 
In lowntane. 2 -oone beams. 
rbormm g . on ujarrad BJtU Te) 
IU 40 7 018 64 


STOP T8XXMG ABOUT A ROOF, 
chee* m ta d <«*ty 
AHA 7rf I^mWIWfa* 1406X9* 


BUSINESS MESSAGE CENTER 


ESCORTS & GL-IOES 

BB.GRAVIA 

ORCHIDS 

IK 0 71 599 5237 

FERRAW 

eJSfSSiSSlJSS® 

071 523 4456 


1^7 266 0586 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


SWOTt UglPJ&gK 

aasssBttaag 


Trf. 






3S5 SS2S! jqAHNA •«■•••*'* 
lOfOONBapsawa- 


* ZURICH ■ SUSAN' 

Btod SeniBB . 

Tet 01/TB1 W48 


ZURICH NEW VIOLET V . 
Ejeon SrevKB. Cresta credswuptod. 
- - 3et ®7 ■' 63 83 32. 





SIMPLY Iff BEST 

Lrerfon Ewart Sarrics 071 624 9500 

'COSMOPOLITAN* 
London & HaaArcra 6oorl Ageno 
Trf 071 352 4818 Area aaWoi 

LONDON “ELLE 
Esrert Service ? doj* 
Tri- 0050 716080 

ZUDCHREGM 

{{nrtSeren 
Zund< 01 1 383 OB 55 



LdteON. SARAH 
faret Svwat Da»t aid fcawas- 
TrfCRl 90 MS. 

Irrr+U'fe.tiM 



B a jVTi 1 ~ i‘ 


PBIIlSlIi 









• * • nmrMmvT * * * 

. ItoM 1 toon «nl Gude tom 
Bnw a# 7 doyv 0161 >26 32 572 




TTAtT * RAW • COTt D'AZUR 
fare* Cviwa Escort Aa»Cy • 

Did Awl) tyuiWil 


READERS ARE ADVISED 

that th* lafrnatioaal 
H*nAd Tribtn* cmrnot b* 
h*Ur*tpontaA* forlorn or 



mourpapttr. 
It b Ihonfor* rocammond- 
•d dud rw atbr s male* ap- 
propriate InquMta boforw 
rmuRng any monoy or *n~ 
torlog into any tmdfng 


! BUSINESS SERVICES 


BUSINESS 

OPPORTUNITIES 


OflPSHORE COMMMES 
1 Fiee prweuiord candtabora 
’ Wta rittwd e ncaparahon-. 

1 Itreiwhae mdobAi/ 

' Frf ndM wwen 
1 London iR£«es*rfc*»* 

1 Ful o6e w WM»ni«B 


ASTON COtPORATt TRUSTH5 ITU 
19, f W Roa4 Onuda. kip at Atai 
let 0634 am FoT 3634 6251 « 


OffiHQKMMB 
toe deive^. US 
TA 44 071 394 ! 


hmatoe ddwery^W S^BOO up 


$ AVE ON 
International 
Phone Calls 


Now too cot cdl the 
U S. and save at mock m 
65% cm np u roa to loed phone 
ammonia. SAVE UP TO 50% 
off Ihe major Ci*tr Card 
DIRECT Services. Poy lees 
then U.S. angtaat ta B ton 
on mh on p ta Bi ia a owns, 
tight ari umid md Aeounh opdT- 


No podge* to bey. 

Con from Somv. hotiw or office. 
H e o iw d bOanp. AR dgM. 
Cdl or Fin for in famidion. 


KALlBACfU 

Tel: 1/206-284-8600 
fex: 1/206-282-6666 

4T7 2nd Affiwe Wed 
Saort*. Wa 98119 USA 


TAX SERVICES 


ATTN: US EXPATS! Seminar: 
The Cknton PVn Use h To Tour 
AdvOTtagr' Sui, Feb 20. 3pm c* 
Toeu. Feb 22. 'pm fawn Hotel 
Piesenred by Ort BcVeman. CPA 
Helong 1ft Expcb 4c* 30 
AuAk* piwemer d mm To. pro- 
grtjrnj ihet Sana < etavptn to ccve* 

e np onant V3 In» changes Bonos- 
Ho*r to Urresl tor 20% iHum S3? 
Beset vonons. 71 487 MS llondod 

713-552.9930 (tawi Brfemon t 

Co. CPAs. 5 Bwdaie C< HooSon. 
TY 17027 USA 


US/ HUNCH TAX RETURNS prepared 
by ing of Amencan ra* spkow 
otcountonrs Advice to p*iot »ec' non- 
filer. Mi igmonTrt (1) 4! 61 IS tb 


CAPITAL AVAILABLE 


AT HOME IN PAMS 

PARS PROMO 

opornnert*. to *ert fumshed a ace 
Sdei 5 fVoperr* Mo nagemere 5ervicej 
25 AvHoche 75008 Pore, fa 1-45611020 

Tel: (1)45 63 25 60 


14th- MONTPARNASSE 

NtW, RAVtSIflNG 
Eelawd decvjrOTon 
STUOtOS A 2 ROOMS 
5^00 to HWtti mtartng ctopev 
Tel. (1146 27 25 55 
MlCm. BERNARD 


LEGAL SERVICES 


US IMMIGRATION - 55/100 Vo® 

E reen Cmfc) o vaHatio under new 
IWy DwnWy Profirom PV-I). 
NaMe* oi mul counties qucbfy. 
All MATTERS HANUED MU IB 
ATTORNEY. To off/y. msl cr he 
you name, country ot bnh and mov- 
ing oddren io- Afevner Edwad P. 
Grfogher - 3 Brfnsdo Meiro Cento 
(J=75&. Betoado. Md 308U (USA) 
FAX 3DI-9BM439. 


74 champs areas 

CLABIDGE 

FOR 1 WfflC OR MORE Ngh daa 
sfudto. 2 a 3room a o cirtnienr v TfJLIY 
EOUffPED IMMBXATE RESSVATlONS 
Trf (1)44 13 33 33 


NEUQ4.Y. 3 Btowmt. 2 btdht 

3eaunfu' recepton ioon& Sumy. 
Ocbbc tOfsiy 

Tel 1-47 S3 80 T3. Fn 4S ST 75 77 


TO RENT 

Handputed quokty apart m e n t : , a U 
ran. Pare and wbvrbs CAPfTALE 
PARTh«5 Tet (1) 46 U 82 It. fa. 
H|C 12 3096 

LA D9D49E. 3-roam r yj rnuei*. ncely 
tumehed equpned Wen. oB cam- 
H poring. «jnny. w* on 
FBJOO net i>nto irf (11 47 74 61 91 


MARAIS, SUPERB DUPIEX, HO vjm. 
fasnv fadoce. rhann, 3 bedrooms. 
1 Wu '-3 ef F15IM0 net Tel I- 
42733887 Opuptr t«r stodo fWOO 


PARIS AREA UNFURNISHED 


COMM3QA1/ BUSINESS FINANCE 
BvtdoUe Ear w noble project 
worktode fa brief wrtofw m 
» Carporatr Admn», U- 
1300. QvSM T1 


2nd TRAVEL SOCUMBITS. tWj b 
asres. 2 AenUeow. Voduanm * . 
Mm 16471, Greece, fa 89&2TQ 


OFFSHORE OQMFANCS. for free 
brrdnae re odna TeL Lorden 
.44 B1 741 104 fa. 44 81 748 6558 


BUSINESS TRAVEL 


Td/Bwjnew Fo^jb* Traveled 
to OneMlAidida-Atiicre'Noi A So 
Anew Scve 155 10 501 N? cree 
ran. 00 mcKA. Inoenol Condo 
Td- 514-341 -7J27 fa 514-341JWB 


HONGKONG 
COMPAhffiS U5 $350 

Operate ywr no fa or 

Imr fa from ttw 

buiiMH ttore of Amb 

SQVBEGN TRUST WffitNATWNAl 
4566. Pero^me Towei. Itopo centre 
99 Ctjeerawor. Bono Ixnq 
IB; + &52 RU 2344 
FAX. + 052 Ml 5993 


FUNDS AVAilABtE 
TO PURCHASE: 

• Lera-% c4 Ordil 

* fa* GoorreAM 

* CMm AccutoUe CcRoleid 

• Barfed by P-tvae bnesiar 

THRU MAJOR NTl BANKS 

CAPITAL SUPPORT CORP. 

U.S. |714] 757-1070 fa 757-1370 


92 - LA CB1E SAMT CLOUD, bus. 
vhodv -itierb totaie. 760 »q.ni imrD 
»oce k»rf _ f 32.IXC. tool Ooud. 
oporwnc-n. 2 bedroom qardei* 
FOB. Teh m 46 CR 1? » 


DIVORCE FAST. S295 00L F.O. Bo» 
SM. Ainheito. Ca 92802. Crf'fa 
(714) 966-8695 USA 


LOW COST FLIGHTS 


DAILY FUGHTS AT LOWEST FARB to 
ony metre NonhAmencon e#1 vport. 
Tel IFT Free 03-11 47 55 13 13. 


COLLECTIBLES 


GOtflNG MB4Q R ABIIA. Srf colec 
non rf old go 4 dubs fnooden thrflj 
horn 18R5 to 1925 + ***< spoon, 
boat, bods etc, about 1.000 
S12OD0O Tet Pa* M3 30 73' 


EDUCATION 


wrausrvE german courses m 

Vienna (Austna) durmq whole year. 
AiatraAnenRto Sooety m coopera 
non wreh ihe Goeihe-baaiuie. AI010 
Vwra Seritoggasse 2. Tet +43. 
222 5123982. fa +43-222-5139122 


OLYMPIC RENTALS 


UUBHAMMBt OLYMPIC GAMB 
Dewwoie for 3osommodohcn4 
Don 1 loo* any fvfther. 

We lto*e 1 <*»We 'aa« n one cl 
Ihe bea horeh in dowitcwn Oslo 
frren fttruari 7lh to March lit, 1994. 
DA tfricntoAmd Hvrfd Tribune 
fan £33-1) 46 37 93 64 or 
fa: (33-1) 4« 37 94 4a 


LEADING WR COMPANY ha fads 
cnahble tor European (nfecn and 
deratapmenf. Fre hrrrhet driob 
contact. Rrfper lnvestoen^ ton 401. 
Longhorn House. 302 fogenr Sheet. 
Lew WIR 5AL(&oier mqanes 
wrftame) 


SERVICED OFFICES 


YOUR QfflCE IN PARIS 

it raodjr wfai yoa need it 
even far o ample «f heuri. 

• Fulr htodtond modem ofhea 

and catfien re maps to re te Iv ihe 
hav, day. resnh. erL. „ 

• far Mcied re (taitmav hw 

• prwge modm addon Altemon 

asc— *• 

91. Fa SHtoncn 75008 PASS 

w in 471 

» 


71 3&34 fa (IJ Clht li £0 


■y* * a i\nirNvniiN\i dut . 4 

IlcralOsii^.enbunc 

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EUROPE 

FRANS HQ): fan. 

Td {U*Jj793fl5 
fa 11] 46 37 937U 

y&gSL'*™* 

Td t0o9}7?6755 
Fa* JOS?]?? 73 10 
SMRBUMktoh. 

Td . (021)726 3021 
Fw.flKlJ 738 »91 

LNBDKMGKM louden, 
fd (071)836 4802 
Trio. 262009 
fa- 1071) 240 3254 


NORTH AMERICA 

tWTOfifc 

Td. (21 2J7S2 38WJ 
To! fa (803)572-7212 
Tdex *27 175 
fa )2I2)75S«7B5 

AgA/PAORC 

HONGKONG: 

id 1652} 9222- UBS 
Trie. 61 17D HTML 
Fa, IBS21 9222 1 100 

SR4GAP0K: 

Tele, 3074 V MTSK 
Fa. {651224 1566 


; (j -11.tr 
































<=*» 


EXTERN ATI ON A L HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


NYSE 

Wednesday’s dosing 

Tables indude the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on wall Street and do not reflect 
ate trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Ptxx& 


HMD rfh 
High Low 9 och 


fcSiSSp 'AS B r S ’IS 'K r 

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a - fi if* ia i ft *? 

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SSfffiSd 3 &j§ If ir-jJ 

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S& $9‘3|felB&=D 

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aaesss i.» t 3 r 3 a pa a .5 

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INTERNATIONA! HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


Page 13. 


ASIA/PACIFIC 



. TSe Associated Pros 

, Washington turns m> the' 

heat with cargos about closed Japanese 
markets ' TokyoofficiaLs axe playinsn^^ 
sppvcniQf -fai lin g t h a t any harsh words' 
wtwklraise theift^fluxSof a damaging 
trade war. 

After US. Trade Representative Mk*cy 
K aator used tmusuaHy harsh language in 
accuang Japan of breaking r*Ks to 
opmiBcdlukr phone maiiet, the word 
faiMday m Tokyo Wednesday was rasa. 
which means cool and quiet. 

“From the-standpoint of preserving and 
dewdoping friendly VS.- Japan ndations, 
our country believes both Japan and the 
United States should react coolly and our- 
etly.” said Takenori Kaazala. tbeposts and 
tdeconununications minister. 

Mr. Kaszaki disputed Mr. Ranter's 
stand, saying Japan has lived up to a 1989. 
pact to give Motorola Inc. access to its 
cellular phone market But Masayoshi Ta- 
kemura, the chief government 
said Tokyo was not going to do any thing 


own Volume in U.S. Trade Dispute 


until the United States decides on specific 
sanchmis on Japanese products owes the 
phflne dispute.: 

Japanese officials said they were ready 
to appeal any-U-S. retaliatory steps to the 
Gateral Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 
the world trade” body. The Motorola ease 
was senaxate from the broader framework 


it coflapsed last Friday over Ja- 
pan’s refusal to accept aVS. demand for 
numerical goals to measure success. 

Japan continues to reject that 
Bni Prime Minister Morrhiro Hosobma 
said Wednesday that Japan had the re- 
sponsibility to take (he initiative is trim- 
ming its trade surplus of nearly 360 billion 

with the United Stales. “We would like to 
usd the way toward a compromise as 
<?ukkly as possible,” Mr. Hosokawa said. 

Thai surplus is stiD getting trigger, ac- 


oarifing to figures announced Wednesday. 
Japan’s overall trade surplus in January 
rose 17 percent over the same month a year 
eariier, tqS6.ll biffion. 

The prime minister was reportedly ready 


to assemble Japan’s top negotiators, the 
bureaucrats accused by Washington of 
stonewalling in negotiations, on Thursday 
to discuss steps Japan could take to placate 
Washington. 

But Mr. Hosokawa hardly gave the im- 
pression of having sleepless nights over the 
issue. Is fact, over the past few days be has 
been giving a good deal of attention to the 
unrelated question of whether to reshuffle 
iris cabinet, a move that may be even 
touchier than trade talks in view of the 
fractious nature of his ruling coalition. 

Still, with support for a hard line against 
Tokyo g ^ lr npp momentum in the US. 
Congress, Mr. Tiosokawa may soon have to 
deal with problems far larger than the 
cellular telephone market. 

In Washington, congresskma) sources 
said they expected the administration to 
announce either Wednesday or Thursday 
that it was resurrecting a lapsed U.S. trade 
law allowing for retaliatory tariffs against 
countries to be. “unfair tr ade rs." 

While the tough talk has produced little 


anti-UJi. sentiment in Japan, and many 
Japanese agree with the gmeral U-S. posi- 
tion that Japanese markets need to be more 
open, some fed that Mr. Hosokawa’s re- 
formist government is being unfairly sin- 
gled out 

“It seems to me that the Clinton admin- 
istration is seeking a new enemy, since the 
old one is gpoer said Takashi Wada. a 
leading tdevrsoa commentator. 

“I wonder whether portable telephones 
are such a big issue that this kind of fuss 
needs to be made. Yes, we should be cool 
and quiet on this side, but they should be 
cool and quiet too" 

■ Study Indicts Japan Car Market 

A study commissioDed by the U-S. and 
Japanese governments found that Japan’s 
automobile market is effectively closed to 
all but top-end foreign carmakers because 
of exclusionary business practices and pro- 
hibitive costs. Bloomberg Business News 
reported, based on a VS. Commerce De- 
partment summary of the study's results. 


The release of the study, which was com- 
missioned by ibe U.S- Department of 
Commerce and Japan’s Ministry of Inter- 
national Trade and Industry following 
trade talks in September 1991. comes as 
Washington continues to press hard for 
Japan to open its markets lo foreign goods. 

The study was conducted by two promi- 
nent consulting Turns, Boot Aden & Ham- 
ilton Inc. of the United States and Nomura 
Research Institute of Japan. 

The report said Japanese car dealers 
were “captive distributors” for Japanese 
automobile manufacturers. 

The reason, the study said, is that strong 
financial and business ties make it difficult 
for dealers to sign sales agreements with 
foreign manufacturers. It found that nearly 
SO percent of Japanese dealers surveyed 
said they would oot sign a franchise agree- 
ment to represent a foreign carmaker. 

“There is a high cost to enter the auto- 
motive sales market in Japan, but a low 
return on investment," the study said. 


s it Asked 



BBC News Channel 


CompUedif Our Staff From Dispatches 

BEIJING — - The Chinese gov- 
ernment said Wednesday ii had ad- 
vised ST ARTY, the Atian satellite - 
broadcaster controlled by News 
Corp^ to drop a British Broadcast- 
ing Carp. channel from its network. 

An official in the Ministry of 
Radio, Film and Television also' 
said STAR executives had told the 
ministry their service might drop 

Rupert Murdoch; chairman of 
News Corp„ said Tuesday in India 
that he might replace the BBC. _ 
World Service news and corrent- 
affairs channel cm STAR with his 
own Sky TV news channel became 
of allegations of bias made against- 
the BBC by China and India 

In response, Guo Barring, an 

official of the fTrinaie ministry, 

said Wednesday: “We welcome 
this. Tbqy urid us they were consid- 
ering dropping the BBC. We have 
put forward this suggestion to 
them. We have said that the BBC is 
not very good, bm this is forSTAR 
TV themselves to decide. We can't 
interfere." 

A STAR TV spokesman did not 
respond to phone calls seeking 
comment 

Mr. Guo said that some BBC 
coverage, especially its practice of 
showing footage of the 1989 massa- 
cre of pid-dempcracy demonstrar 


tors in Beijing around the anniver- 
sary of that government crackdown 
June, "is obviously not very 
as far .as Chinn is concerned." 
But he said that even if STAR 
■did show Sky TV instead of the 
BBC, that would not affect China’s 
requ i rement that individuals seek 
government approval before in- 
stalling dishes, to receive satellite 


aren't only di- 
rected at the BBC," he said “We 
want to buy foreign programming 
to keep a healthy balance; we don't 
want 1 00 percent foreign 
programming directly transmitted 
mtn China.” 

Analysts said the BBC-STAR in- 
cident may be another example of 
the missteps matte by News Carp, 
in the nearly seven months rime it 
took over STAR TV. 

. The satellite network beams five 
channels to 53 countries stretching 
from Indonesia across China, India 
and the Middle East 

But objections by Malaysia and 
some other governments to the 
multinational broadcaster's reach, 
as well as other political problems 
have prompted Mr. Murdoch to 
shift roost of his attention to STAR 
TV’s rapidly growing Indian mar- 
ket Similarly, the company is re- 
ihinEng itS English-only program- 
ming policy. (Bbombtr& LAT) 


Taiwan’s Choice: Change? 

Central Bank Chiefs Term Ends Soon 


Bloomberg Business Nem 

TAIPEI — Businessmen, analysts and academ- 
ics alrlce are eager to Bod out what will happen 
when Samod Shieh’s term ends as governor of 
Taiwan's central bank, the Central Bam: of China, 
ends is May. 

While even his harshest critics concede that Mr. 
Shiefa, 74, has succeeded at in maintaining eco- 
nomic stability, many say he has held up liberaliza- 
tion measures and thereby slowed Taipei's devel- 
opment as a regional business center. 

The usually cratspoken bank chief has been quiet 
about his future. His reticence has stirred specula- 
tion that he might remain in the post, one of the 
most powerful in Taiwan. 

It is “50-50” that Prime Minister lien Chan will 
reappoint Mr. Shieh, Chang Qmn-hsyong, chair- 
man of the banking department at National 
Chengcfai University, said. 

Objections to Mr. Shieh continuing as governor 
center on his age and his go-slow approach to- 
iwitrt liberalization. 

Mr. Shieh has kept a tight leash cm interest rates, 
taken a cautions approach to lifting foreign-ex- 
change controls and been a tough gatekeeper on 
foreign investment. 

“I support what he has done for the past five 
years," Hrien-chan Ho, chairman of the finance 
department of National Taiwan University, said. 
“Yet, many things have been too slow." He would 
not say whether he thought Mr. Shieh should slay 
oo as governor. 

Foreign institutions have only been allowed to 
invest $5 bfQion in Taiwan's $187 balboa stock 
and its lack Of fuDy open financial mark ets 
could become a major problem for Taiwan. The 
country is getting gradually kss erf its gross national 
product from manufacturing because of competi- 


tion from Southeast Asian countries, and new indus- 
tries and income sources need to be cultivated. 

The government has put becoming a regional 
business center at the top of its priority list, but it 
will not get far with that ambition if the central 
bank refuses to free the markets 

In addition, Taiwan is trying to join the General 
Agreement cm Tariffs and Trade, the world trade 
body, and membership wifi require the lifting of 
foreign- in vestment curbs. 

"If you just look at the question of reciprocity, 
our dozens can purchases stocks and bonds direct- 
ly is overseas markets, but foreigners aren't al- 
lowed to invest here," Mr. Ho said. 

Possible candidates for a new central bank gov- 
ernor indude Kuo-sbu Liang. 63, chairman of 
Chiao Tung Bank, a state development bank. 

Mr. Liang has been chairman of First Commer- 
cial Bank and Chung Hwa Commercial Bank and 
is considered by analysts lo be a reformer. 

Also in the running are Y.D. Sbeu, 66. chairman 
of the stale-run Bank of Taiwan and a former 
chairman of Land Bank of Taiwan; Shirley K.uo. 
64, a minister or state and a former fiaance'minis- 
ter, deputy central hank governor and economic 
planning chief; Paul Chiu, 51. a deputy governor 
of the central bank and former president of Hua 
Nan Commercial Bank. 

Since Mr. Shieh became central bank chief in 
1989, Taiwan's GNP has grown at roughly 6 per- 
cent a year, while inflation has stayed down 
around 3 percent. And although the benchmark 
index of the Taiwan Stock Exchange fell 80 per- 
cent during an eight-month period in 1990. it has 
been recovering and has about doubled since then. 

Mr. Shieh “can’t make everybody happy, but he 
hasn’t made that many people unhappy," a cabinet 
official concerned with economic polity said. 


Strong Yen 
Cuts Profits 
For Canon 


Compiled tv Our Staff From Dupaiches 

TOKYO — Canon Inc. said 
Wednesday that lackluster demand 
and a strong yen slashed 1993 prof- 
it by about 52 percent from 1992, to 
37.43 billion yen <$366 million). 

The camera and office equipment 
maker 199? sales were 1.04 trillion 
yen. a drop of about 3 percent from 
the previous year. But the company 
predicted profit would increase lo 
40 biffion yen this year. 

“Through our Canon Restruc- 
turing 100 plan, we immediately 
expect to see reduced production 
costs, slightly increased prices and 
a boost in sales," said Fujio Mi- 
tarai. the company’s vice president. 

The plan is designed to keep 
Canon competitive even if the dol- 
lar falls to 100 yen, which it has 
threatened to do in recent days. 

Exports accounted for 79 per- 
cent of Canon’s sales last year, 
down about 3 percent from the 

1992 because of the strong yen. 

( Bloomberg, AFP) 

m Sumitomo Earning} Prop 

Sumitomo Chemical Co. said 
Wednesday its pretax profit for 

1993 fell 11 percent from the previ- 
ous year, to 35.7 billion yen, AFP- 
Extcl News reported. The company 
cited weak demand for cbeimcais 
and said it did not foresee improve- 
ment this year. It forecast pretax 
profit of 27 billion yen this year. 


Investor’s Asia 





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bncnmtoiul Hoald Tribmc 

Very briefly: 


• Nissan Motor Co. said it was likely to reduce production to 1.62 million 
vehicles in the year to March 31, 1995, down about 9 percent from the 
current year. 

• Mitsubishi Electric Corp. said it would invest 13 billion yen (S125 
million) in a 15-fold expansion of capacity at a subsidiary, Advanced 
Display Inc-, that makes thin-film transistor liquid crystal display panels, 
a Mobfi Asa Pacific Ltd. and the state-run Indian Oil Corp. will set up a 
S16.6 million venture to make lubricants, reviving a partnership that 
broke up in 1973 under government duress. 

• The US. Trade Representative's office has delayed a decision on 
whether Indonesia has sufficiently improved workers’ rights to warrant an 
extension of trade privileges under the Generalized System of Prefer- 
ences, a U.S. Embassy spokeswoman said. 

• Etropeso Union members wifi be asked to ratify retaliation against 
South Korea Tor raising tariffs on wool fabric to 19 percent from 8 
percent, an EU representative said in Seoul: the action will take the form 
of withdrawing preferential treatment for Korean textiles. 

• The World Bank. State Energy Investment Corp. and three provincial 
governments will provide the 57.89 billion needed to finance the Rongtan 
hydroelectric dam in Guaugri province, the Xinhua news agency reported. 

AFP. Reuters. Bloomberg 

Employer Threatens to Fire 
Strikers in Australian Ports 


NYSE 

W«dQMday*s Closing 

Tables include the nafionwWo price® upio 
the dosing on Wafl Street and do net reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Wa The Associated Press 

(Continued) ■ ~ 


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Tightening the Screw 
On Ringgit Speculators 


Bloomberg Business Sews 

KUALA LUMPUR — Malay- 
sia's benchmark stock index fell 
Wednesday as the central bank 
campaign to punish currency spec- 
ulators created uneasiness among 
foreign equity investors. 

The Kuala Lumpur Stock Ex- 
change's Composite Index lost 6.08 
points, or 0 56 percent, to (.081.13, 
its Jounh straight fall. 

Analysis said investors were trou- 
bled by Tuesday’s renewal of the 
central’ bank effort to stem inflows 
of foreign speculative funds, which 
sent (he ringgit to its lowest levels 
against the U.S. dollar since 1991. 

Since last month. Bank Negara 
has been punishing speculators 
who had bet that the ringgit would 
strengthen. The central bank 
feared that the speculative inflows 
from abroad were causing ihe mon- 
ey supply to grow too quickly. 

In late New York trading 
Wednesday, the dollar was quoted 
at 2.7850 ringgit, up from 2.7800 at 
the Tuesday dose. 

Starting Wednesday, Bank Ne- 
gara made it more expensive fa- 
commercial banks to hold foreign 
funds, ruling that vostro accounts — 
noninterest-nearing ringgit accounts 


held by foreigners — would be in- 
cluded in banks’ eligible liabilities. 

These liabilities are the baas for 
determining how much money 
banks must keep in liquid assets or 
as reserves with the central bank. 
The new rule means it will cost 
banks to offer vostro accounts, and 
analysts said banks ought charge 
annual interest of as much as 3 per- 
cent to 5 percent on such accounts. 

■ Seonl Equity Issues 

South Korean companies wifi be 
permitted to Ikm $1 2 billion to$l-3 
bfih'on worth of equity- linked debt 
overseas tins year, up from $920 
million in 1993. a Ministry of Fi- 
nance official said Wednesday. 
Knighi-Ridder reported from SeouL 

Underwriters earlier had esti- 
mated that South Korean compa- 
nies would issue convertible bonds, 
bonds with warrants and deposi- 
tary receipts overseas worth around 
51 3 billion this year. 

The government, however, wants 
to limit overseas issues because of 
worries that an influx of capital 
from abroad wifi swell money sup- 
ply, add to inflationary pressure 
and raise the value of the South 
Korean won, an official said. 


Reuters 

SYDNEY — A waterfront labor 
dispute that has crippled Australia’s 
ports escalated Wednesday as strik- 
ing workers were warned they would 
be fired beginning Thursday if they 
did not return to work. 

The workers' union responded 
that the dispute could worsen if the 
company, Australian Stevedores, 
earned out its threat. 

John Coombs, head of the Mari- 
time Union of Australia, said the 
strike could spread to the other 
major cargo-handling company. 
Conans L, despite the union’s deter- 
mination to keep some of the in- 
dustry working. 

“I will have great difficulty in 
maintainin g the position to date 
that the industrial action be isolat- 
ed to Australian Stevedores.” Mr. 
Coombs said. "It will be extremely 
difficult for (his union to maintain 


that stance if 1,500 people are ter- 
minated." 

Conausl is a subsidiary of P&O 
Australia LtcL which is owned by 
Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navi- 
gation Co. of London. 

The strike by 1,500 members of 
the maritime union has shut down 
Australian Stevedores, the country’s 
largest stevedoring company, which 
handles half of its container and 
conventional cargo. 

The srrike. which is costing Aus- 
tralian Stevedores about 350,000 
Australian dollars (5248,500) a 
day, began Thursday, when 55 
workers in Sydney were dismissed. 
Negotiations between labor and 
management are deadlocked, 
mainly over the proportions of 
pan-tune staff and overtime work 
to be used in peak periods. 


U.S. $500,000,000 

A National Westminster Bank 

(Incorporated in England with limited liability) 

Primary Capital FRNs (Series “B”) 

In accordance with the provisions of Ihe Notes, notice is hereby 
given that for the six months interest period from February 16, 1994 
to August 16. 1994 the Notes wiU carry an Interest Rate of 
3.9375% per annum. The interest payable on the relevant interest 
payment date, August 16. 1994 against Coupon No. 19 will be 
U.S. $1,979.69 and U-S. SI 97.97 respectively for Notes in 
denominations of U.S. $100,000 and U.S S10.000. 

By: The Chase Manhattan Bank, tLA. 

London, Agent Bank 

February 16, 1994 ^ 


CURRENCY AND CAPITAL MARKET SERVICES 






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BASS pic. 

{CPUs) 

Die undersigned announces that as 
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Baas pie. veil! be payable •with IMU. 
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Amsterdam, 15 February 1994. 


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COMPANY ALV. 
Amsterdam, 15 February 1994 



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1 Mill McfrVlB 


caFs stake before the transaction 
wasn't disclosed. • 

Bn Shan had foreign-exchange 
earnings of more than $40 xmOioa 
on trading volume of SI0O million. 


its stoke w 56.67 patent hi Shang- 
hai Jin Dong Petrochemical Devel- 
opment Co, which is involved in 
industrial development in the Pu- 
dtmgarea,- 

Toe projects "will introdnee tech- 
nology for making carbon dioxide 

andotherga ^pL^ ^|oly^r 

the company said. 

Shanghai Petrochemical is Ga- 
m's largest petrochemical compa- 


ny and ninth-largest industrial 
company based on 1992 sales. The 
increased investments are expected 
to. strengthen the company's pro- 
daction and distribution capabili- 
ties, Shanghai Petrochemical sad. 

Shang hai Petrochemical also 
said it has framed a new company, 
Shanghai JinHua industrial Devel- 
opment Co, winch wQl own fuel 
service stations' and trade petro- 
chemical products. 











































































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Page 16 


INTERN ATIO N AL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


SPORTS 


$59.5 Million 

Won in Baseball 
Collusion Cases 


By Murray Chass 

.Ynv York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Seven players, 
led by Jack Clark, have emerged 
'from the first round of collusion 

■ claims with awards of more than $ I 
million. 

Thomas Roberts, one or two arbi- 
trators who found major-league club 
owners guilty of collusion against 
free agents in the mid-1980s, issued 
an order Monday awarding S59J5 
million in claims. Checks will be in 
.the mail Feb. 28 or March (, the 
Players Association said. 

- The union did not disclose fig- 
ures, but a copy of the list of 
awards for salary lost because of 
collusion in 1986 and 1987 was 
obtained by The New York Times. 
The money the players will receive 
comes from the S280 million the 
clubs agreed to give the union as 
part of the settlement of the three 
.collusion cases the players filed 
through the grievance procedure 

■ beginning in January 1986. 

Gaik, whose last season was 
-.1992. will receive 52,1 12^555.63 for 
the two years. Lance Parrish, who 
recently signed a minor-league con- 
tract with Detroit in an effort to 
extend his career, will receive the 
second-highest amount, a com- 
bined SI. 786.763.61. Parrish's 
S 1.526,085.9 1 for 1987 was the 
highest amount awarded for a sin- 
gle season. 

Others awarded more than 51 
million are Andre Dawson. 
$1,280,632.25; Carlton Fisk. 
$1,218,342.60; Tim Raines. 
51.131,109.04; Rich Gedraan. 
$1,114,961.25. and Tom Seaver. 
$1,046,670.98. The amounts in- 
clude pre-settlement interest. Play- 
ers eventually will receive post-set- 


tlement interest, which has accrued 
since the dubs paid the money to 
the players' union. 

Twenty other players will receive 
from 5500.000 to S I million. In all, 
339 players will get money for lost 
salary from 1986 and 280 for lost 
salary from 1987. Many of those 
players are on both lists. The 19S6 
awards, including pre-settlement 
interest, total SI 3,753 ,597.28. The 

1987 total is S59.478.638.38. 

Oark and Parrish were deemed 

to have suffered the greatest losses 
because of the timing of their con- 
tract negotiations with their clubs 
and the start of the owners’ collu- 
sive conspiracy against free agents. 

According to evidence uncovered 
at the first hearing before Roberts, 
the owners hatched their plan at a 
meeting in October 1985. At that 
time, Clark had a lucrative mul- 
tiyear contract ofTer from his chib, 
the Sl Louis Cardinals, and Parrish 
had a multiyear offer from his club, 
the Detroit Tigers. But soon after 
the owners' meeting, the clubs with- 
drew the offers. 

The awards were based on the 
circumstances of each player. The 
claims of many players were denied 
by the arbitrators. 

The bulk of the S280 million set- 
tlement remains to be awarded. 
Players will receive awards for lost 
salary for seasons subsequent to 
1987, as well as money for other 
reasons for all of the seasons in- 
volved. including lost jobs, lost ser- 
vice time and emotional distress. 

Hearings wfl] be held in April and 
May on nonsalary claims for 1986 
and 1987. and lost salary claims for 

1988 and 1989 are being evaluated. 
The union has received nearly 900 
claims for those two years. 


Hosts in Philadelphia Stun No . 3 UCann tmd No. 


The Associated Proa 

It was not a good night to be a top 10 
team visiting Philadelphia. 

Third-ranked Connecticut was beaten 
by Villanova cm Tuesday night, and 
No. 10 Massachusetts was knocked off 
across town by St. Joseph's. 

Both games came down to the final sec- 
onds. Villanova won on a 3-pointer with 
two seconds left and Sl Joseph’s won on a 
free throw’ with 2 seconds to play. 

Eric Eberz’s 3-pointer with Villanova 
down two was the winner for the Wild- 
cats, who have won five in a row. 

Sl Joseph’s winning point came on a 
free throw by Kevin Connor, a 55 percent 


free-throw shooter. He missed the second 
on purpose and fans stormed the court, 
just as they did on the other side of town. 

Eberz had a dear lane in from of him 
bat be stopped right at the arc and drilled 

COLLEGE BASKETBALL " 

the 3 for the victory over the Huskies (21 - 
3, 11-2 Big East)! 

The Wildcats (11-9, 7-61, who were led 
by Kerry Kitties's 24 points, still had to 
sweat out a jumper by Donyell Marshall 
that went in and came out at the buzzer. 

SL Joseph’s 81, No. 10 Massachusetts 
80: The Minutemen (19-5, 10-1) took 
their fust league loss, and it came against 







it 


an iiyuiy-depfcted team that had just 
seven scholarship players available: 

The Hawks (11-11, 3-9) had a chance 
to go ahead on Rap Curry’s short jumper 
with four seconds left, but it missed and 
Connor was fouled trying to put there- r 
bound back up. 

**I was confident in myself and my, 
teammates were confident that 1 would : 
make a shot,'’ said Connor. “To be bon- . 
est, it was harder to miss the second than 
it was to make the first. I didn't know 
how my hand would go.” 

No. 11 Kentucky 99, I£U 95: The 
Wildcats (19-5, 8-3 Southeastern Confer- 
ence) matched the greatest comeback in ' 
college basketball history, wiping out a 


31-pomt deficit with 1$ murate&to play. 
The NCAA redoid’ book hsted^Tluk^s 
comeback from a 56-27 halftime deficit 
ina74r72 waB^ovfflTtoneonDec: 30, 
1950, as the jworift but Anther research 
by Duke showed Tulaoe scoied the first 
basket of (he s e c ond half. 

Walter McQu^s 19 

seconds left gave visiting Kentucky,. 
whh£ trailed 68-37, its first lead,' 96-95, 

' since 1-0, LSU (1140, S-7) was l3-for-24 
from the fre»4graw line oyQrlhe.finat U 
minutes' and Kentocky was T^far-H 
from 3-pram range in tbe.second half. 

‘ ‘ “I coached about 200 NBA games and 
■ rw- coached about 16 years of college 
and I have never, ever seen a comeback 


on die Ste 431 ® ^ w 

Ktotockys lUck ^ 

\ ever come dose to tins . .. _ ... 

: No: 14 Syracuse 79, Proodeuoe 74. 
Adrian Airtiy pot hat* Jus own misod 
the lead wfth55 settw* 
left and the Orangemen (17-4, 94 Big 

- East) then vote six 

■33 seconds to beat the Fnam (12-8, 

- for their 10* straight botrie.vMW- 

The Warriors (17-6) mpcoMjbar row 
roxwTto 7-3 as *£ k&jbe ^ 

. 8) without a t5ddgtalm he finals^--™ 

MdJvaroc had 18 points, 

-and fiw blocks for Minquette, wtoch won 

for the sixth ti me in sevra £pmes. 




Ip 

m* 




mm 


ft; 

IM 

■ Mil isHl 


Ife 


On a 10-Game Roll? 
Spurs Stop Pacers 


-p The Associated Pms . : 

v-Add San Antonio : lo the 
lengthening list of National 
Basketball Assodatioa teams 
“ with 10-game winning streaks 
this season. 

> With a 709-100 viewnr oyer 
- Indiana on Tuesday night, the 

WRAfflGHMGHXS 

Spurs joined Atlanta, Chicago, 
Houston and &fflttleriiBongtbe 


Mot wag*: Acenoc hnn-Pme 

Benoit Benjamin and Rex Walters pot the pressure on Patrick Ewing in New Jersey’s third straight victory over tbe Knicks. 


The outcome ended the Pacers’ 
team-record seven-game streak. 

' David Robinson jnsi missed 
Ins fifth triple-doable of the 

season wi* 34 points, TO re- 
bounds and tune assists as Sari. 
Antonio tied its foaachiso-re- 
cord mmring streak and also 
won its 12* straight game at 
*e AlamodooMB. ■ ’■■■ 

San Antonio, 21-3 since Dec. 
26, ran off nine sftaight points ; 
dining a 17-6 first-quarter ma 
to take the lead for good. 


, SopefScncs Hfc 76ers MS: 
Seattle got its bjgbetfpoint to- 
tal of the season, rout^ 
deiphia as SSuwu Kemp had 24 
points and 13 rebounds in just 

b? Vrrimiwis. 

'The Sanies improved their 
NBA-bext record to 36-10, in- 
rftyfmg 20-3 at home. Shawn, 
..Bradley, the 76ers’ 7-foot-6 
roofce; had 19 points and four 
blocked shots, but just tocc re- 
bounds. - 

Nets 103, bricks 83: Kenny 
Anderson and Kevin Edwards 
- each hit eight of their first -11 
shots, and New Jersey contra- 
ned its s ur pris in g do m taari o o of 
the New York by banding them 
then worst loss of the season. 

The victory was . the Nets’ 

; third in as many games against 

the Kns±s tins season, ana tins 
one was the easiest as Patrick 
JErringgoiin eady foul trouble 
Ewing pitied up two fouls in 
the first two urinates and spent 
the hat of the first quarter on 
the bench. " •• 


* ‘i 




=• .v t: • 1*2' - I • 

l<~ !■ :• • • .? .. ■- 

NBA Standings 

EASTERN CONFERENCE 
Atlantic DivlUcc 



W L 

Pet 

GB 

New York 

34 IS 

m 

— 

Orlando 

28 20 

JB3 

3VJ 

Miami 

23 24 

>09 

10 

New Jersey 

23 24 

-4B* 

10 

Boston 

20 28 

.417 

13V4 

Phllodeiohlo 

20 28 

.417 

13Vj 

Washington 

f5 33 

Central Division 

JI3 

It* 

Oitcogo 

34 13 

-723 

— 

Atlanta 

3d 14 

JOB 


Cleveland 

25 23 

-521 

9VJ 

Indiana 

23 24 

489 

11 

Charlotte 

22 25 

MB 

11 

Milwaukee 

14 35 

J86 

21 

Detroit 

12 37 

.245 

23 

WESTERN CONFER ENCE 
MMwest Division 



W L 

Pci 

GB 

Houston 

35 17 

J45 

— 

San Anion lo 

36 14 

.720 

w 

Utah 

31 18 

M3 

5 

Denver 

73 36 

-45 B 

IT-: 

Minnesota 

15 32 

319 

30 

Danas 

6 43 

Pacific Division 

.122 

30 

5*affle 

34 10 

.787 

— 

Phoenix 

31 15 

874 

5 

Golden State 

29 20 

583 

9' 

Parttanu 

28 20 

583 

» 

i_a Lakers 

IB 30 

375 

19 

LA Clippers 

17 29 

J7U 

19 

Sacramento 

15 33 

313 

22 

TUESDAY'S RESULTS 


New York 

25 13 

28 

17— 83 

New jersey 

n 23 

24 

34—183 


NY: E wlngM72-4 IB. Starks 6-15 5-6 IB; NJ: 
Coleman HJ 11-12 23, Anderan 12-19 5-0 29, 


EdworOs 9-167-3 21. RoboumM— New York 4} 
(Oakley. Ewing 12). New Jersey 60 (Coleman 
IS). A Mists— New York 22 (Slants At. New 
Jersey 17 (Wallers o). 

Boston Man Ilk- 92 

Ortoodo 25 3* 14 33-162 

B: Radio 7-13 04) 14. Brawn 5-9 4-4 14: O; 
Scott 4-13 6-7 19, O'Neal 14-27 8-70 M_ Re- 
bounds— Boston 4s (Pinckney 7). Orlando 73 
(O'Neal 241. Assists— Boston 25 1 Douglas 101. 
Orlando 22 (Hardaway. Anderson 51. 
Denver 26 25 22 34— 99 

Cleveland 34 30 25 22—111 

□ : ElllsS-lASaZl.Abdul-Raut 10-19 1-2 ai; 
C: Dougherty 6-13 77 19. Wilkins 10-14 w 27. 
Robow n d s — Denver SO (Ellis, Mulomba. 
B-Wliilams 61. Cleveland 43 (Daugherty 101. 
Assists— Denver m lAtxkil-Raut 9J, Cleve- 
land 34 (Price 12). 

WoMHdsKmi 22 11 29 M— 93 

Detroit HUM 36—100 

W; GwallDlto 7-134-7 It AdamsH»4-52i. D: 
Mllftj 9-1 7 7-3 21, Dumarse 206-725. Reboands— 
WasMngtan 69 (Maclean 11 (.Detroit 39( Jones 
Hi. Assists— Wasbmoton 15 iGufllLottu Ad- 
ams. Overton 4), Detroit 26 (Thomas 9), 
Milwaukee 22 27 26 15—98 

Minnesota 30 29 12 26—97 

M: Baker 9-1$ m 21. Murdock 7-13 5-5 2a 
AIN: Laenner 8-14 7-9 23. Rider 9-16 4-5 22. 
Rebounds— Milwaukee 33 (Baker lll.Mlnne- 
soio 66 (Laetirwr 131. Assists— Milwaukee 27 
■ Murdock 101. Minnesota 27 (Williams 12). 
Ponte nd W 23 23 23 — im 

oatlas 26 23 24 30— MI 

P: HoWnson 9-196-7 24. Strickland Jrll 12-16 
22. Dre.ter 9-176-10 26. D: Mashbum 10-T1 3-1 
26, Jockson 6-156-710. Rebounds— Portland AS 
IB.WlUiams 16), Dallas 52 (Jones 1J1. As- 
sfsts— Portland 25 (Stic* kind til. Dallas 21 
(Lever, Jackson 7). 

Atkmto 32 21 M 38— W 

Houston 23 25 26 29-113 

A: Wilkins 9-25 60 26. Willis 7-17 1-1 16. Blov- 
tock 6203-4 16 H: 0 * 0 luvron 14-3004) 28. Smith 
7-11 r-4 is. Rebounds— a: km to 63 twiitis Mi. 


Hoimod 45 lOloluwon 14). AseisJs— AttantoaA 
(Blaylock 10). Houston 31 (Smith 10). 
Indiana 86 » 29 29-198 

San Antonio 34 26 26 27—189 

I ; McKey 6-17 2-5 14.Smtts 7-13 M14. Miller 
A M 5-7 a Scoff 44 54 ML S: EIHs JM3 1-2 20. 
Robinson ll-2S 12-1734 Dei Negro 8-11 W 20 . 
Reid 7-1 1 6-8 20. Rebounds— IntHono 49 (AJ3o- 
vlsi5).Son Antonio 52 (Roamon wj. Assists— 
Indiana 24 (Workman 7). San An ton to 23 ( Rob- 
inson 91. 

Philadelphia 2e 21 2s 35 — ms 

Seattle *1 35 33 34-133 

P: Bradley 8-13 JO 19. woolrkwe 6 U 44 20. 
S: Kemp 10-75 4-7 24. Sill MS 2-2 19. Re- 
bounds— Philadelphia 42 tweathorsaaoa 91. 
Seattle 63 tKemn 13). Assists— PhUodetoNta 
23 ( Barns 61. Seattle 29 (McMillan 8). 

LA Clippers 27 22 3* 27-100 

LA Lakers 24 25 21 19- 89 

C: Jackson 9-20 041 21, Williams 9-13 W 21. 
Grant 8-15 0-1 16.L; D tvoc 5-124614. Worthy 7- 
19 0-1 15. Rebounds— LA O taper, 65 (Tolbert 
1AI.LA Lakers 62(Dtvoc 161. Assists— mala- 
oers 26 1 Jackson 121, LA u*er*27 (Divoc 12). 
So a ameato 18 31 24 42—113 

Cornea Stale 32 24 33 34-123 

S: Richmond 6 13 S-o IB. Williams M3 3-3 22. 

G: Owens 11-16 7-10 29. Webber 5-9 7-10 1». 
Sorewctl 4-M 8-9 17. Dotting 49 5-7 17. Re- 
bamd»— Sacramento 43 (Sim mans 6). Golden 
Slate 60 (Owens. Johnson 101 . Assists— Socro- 
menta 36 tVflillams 7). Golden State 33 (Joim- 
soa. Screwed 8)- 

Major College Scores 

EAST 

Army 75. Lchlgli 87 
Duouesne 82. Fforldo Attonlic 71 
George wastUogtan 64 Rutgers 60 
St. Jaserti's 81 . Massachusetls 80 
Syracuse 79. providence 74 
Villanova 64 Cormecticui 63 
SOUTH 

Davidson 74 N.C Charlotte 61 


Kansas Sl. 71, w. Kentucky 68. OT 
Kentucky 99. LSU 95 
Ntan w ette 55. Virginia Tech 4 
Md_-E. Shore 90, Cant. Connecticut 5t. 75 
WEST 

BroOter 79, CncHMon 65 

Illinois ML Ohio SI. 68 

Tuba 89. N. Iona 63 

Texas 113. Baylor 91 

CS North ridge 9SL Grand Coo yon |i 


NHL Standings 




EASTERN CONFERENCE 
Atlantic Dtvbloa 



w 

L 

T Pt* OF ©A 

ALY. Rangers 

34 

15 

4 

78 

201 

Mf 

New Jersey 

30 

18 

7 

47 

202 

156 

Florida 

25 

20 

M 

60 

159 

148 

Washington 

27 

25 

5 

59 

185 

173 

Philadelphia 

25 

28 

4 

54 

197 213 

N.Y. Itkmders 

22 

27 

6 

SO 

186 

188 

Tampa Bay 

21 

30 

7 

49 

151 

172 

Northeast □Irtstaa 




Montreal 

30 

20 

B 

68 

191 

164 

Boston 

2» 

18 

10 

68 

187 

161 

Pittsburgh 

28 

18 

IT 

67 

206 

203 

Buffalo 

27 

24 

6 

« 

189 

154 

Quebec 

21 

30 

5 

a 

179 

200 

Hartford 

20 

31 

6 

46 

164 

194 

Ottawa 

9 

42 

8 

26 

149 

268 


WESTERN CONFERENCE 
Central Division 



W 

L 

T Pto OF 

GA 

Toronto 

30 

17 

11 

71 195 

163 

Detroit 

3? 

79 

5 

V* 34 9 

197 

Dallas 

31 

20 

7 

tn 210 

187 

SI. Louis 

29 

21 

8 

66 188 

T92 

Chknwj 

26 

25 

6 

58 MB 

162 

Winnipeg 

17 

35 

7 

41 172 

238 


PocfNc Dtvisfoa 



Cotgarv 

30 

3) 

9 

69 218 

181 


Vancouver 
San Jose 
Anaheim 
Los Anaebis 
Edmonton 


28 28 2 58 194 192 

21 24 11 53 157 175 

22 32 4 48 U3 118 

21 29 8 48 297 221 

IS 38 9 39 181 221 


TUESDAY’S RESULTS 
Winnipeg 8 3 8—3 

Pitt sbu rgh 3 1 1—1 

Hrst Period: P-Tocdiet 12 (Stevens, 
Stroke); P-staoietm 6 (Steven Fronds) 
IPD): P-Jogr 21 (Fronds, Murphy). Second 
Period: W-Tkactmk 31 (Zhamnov. Ysebaert) 
( 00 ); W-Eogles 4 ( Ulanov. Bersato); P-Mut- 
len 33 (Fronds) : W-S demon 9 (DamLStewi). 
Third Period: p-Strafta 22 fTooBoncrtf. Ste- 
vens). Shots on goat: w len Bamuso) 414- 
6—26. P loo Essensa) M-n-24— 49. 

Tampa Bay 8 1 8—1 

N.Y. Istandors 2 ■ 8-8 

First Period: N.Y.-ViPoto a (Acton. 
Chvnoweth): N.Y.-Tho*nos 29 (Mclnnls, 
Green). Second Period: T-BratHev W (Ree- 
kie). Sturts on pool: T too HextoD) 7-7-8—22. 
M.Y. ton Puppo) TM2-8-84 
Edimndon 118 8-2 

WoahlogtM 2 8 8 8-4 

First Period: W-Huntcr 5 IKbrtstldv Bom 
dm); E-Clgar 20 (Beers, Cotson) (op): W- 
MUIer 6 (Krygter.Stonev). Second Parted: E- 
Canan 25 (Beers. Arnort) (pp). Shots on gncrt: 
E too Beaupre) 5-7-3- 2—1 7.W (on Rantord) 15- 
1GI54-43 

Detroit 7 2 1 8-e 

Toronto 13 8 1-5 

First Period: T -Andreychuk. 44 (GHmour, 
Ciorkl; D-Kanstontinov 9 (Snnipard, Prl- 
moauk Second Period: D- Fed or ov 39 (Kar- 
lov. Ltdstnxnt: T-G4mour 21 (Aodraycfxjfc. 
Mironov) (pp); T-ZeM3(Bergl.-D-Kansmn- 
Itnov 18 fYzerman. Primeau): T- Pearson H) 
(Ellett). Third Period: D-Yzenttw 15 (Shep- 
pard. Fedorov). Overtime: T-Ctart 27 IGfl- 
mow, GDI) (pp). Shell an goal: □ (an Potvlnl 
161340-35. T (anChevektae) 10-19-11-1-43. 


Vancouver 1 1 0-4 

St LMlS 1 B W 

Find Period:' V-RamUra 16 (CourtnalL 
Bure) (pp); SLrOudiesne 4 Second Period: 
V-8ure S3 (Craven) (sh). Thlid Ported: SL. 
Hull 40 (Montpamerv, Miner),- SL-HuU 41 
(MontganwY). Shots on goal: V (an Joseph) 
UJ-10-9— W. SJ- (on an MCLeari) 1874-4S. 
Phitadetpmo . 3 ■ 3-i 

5cm Jose 2 2 0-4 

First Period: SJASarpaaknr 11 tLartanoy, 
OceHash); SJ . -Pederson 4 (EHk, Odgers) 
(pp): PHWCChi X (WTUde. YintrtmMi);. P- 
FedyK 17 I Tippett, Racine): (MJndras 29 
(Renber^Brind'Amour). Second Ported: U- 
ODBflnsh 13 (Lartanov.Mokaravh SJrfOOaan 
18 (Duchesne, EUk).Tt*d Ported: IMtentwra 
23 (Yushkrvtcb)i P-Renben» *4 (wnkta. Un- 
it ros); P-RerdKxg 25 (BrkKfAmor, Uodrae). 
Shots on goal: P (an lrt») 7-89-19. SJ. (an 
SadHtMrom. Rouoeeil 7-8-13-4L 


BASEBALL 
AmvKm LtaoM 

N.Y.YANKEES— Agreed to tennis with Jett 
Reardon, pitcher, an J-year contract 
OAKLAND— Agreed to terms wttft Rteh 
Gossobo, pitcher, on mmor-fcaguft contract 
TEXAS— Agreed to terms with Darren 05- 
ver and Jutto Santan. pitctiervon Wear 
co n tra ct s . 

nminnnf League 

SAN DIEGO-Aareed to tonns wtth Gain' 
pgtndlL catcher, an 1-Ytor contract. ■ 


‘ ’ : e-. 

FIRST ONE DAY INTERNATIONAL 
EngiaMr m. Wert intfos 
Wednesday, la Bridgetown. Bartwrias 
Enatana lantogs: 202-5 (X overs) 


SIDELINES . 

Hodej E^Oemdof Eomidde 

ACOTA,Italy (AP)~JimmyBonCa bockey player broogbl to trial fra 
causing the death of an opponent during a second-wyisicai raaldi in 1992, 
pleaded guilty to ri reduced tmmrian^ itor rh«rg p Wednesday and re- 
ceived atokenfineof 2TSnttffibafire(Sl>ft))-i 

Bom, 30, who hasTtaEaiirCariiiffian dtizendrip; had risked 10 to 18 
yearein prison on a fwmtcicfeciiaige- The defense and prosecution agreed 
on aplca bargain as.Ae.fidri B^nl lie prosecator conceded that the 
scuffle that led. to ^rr^ier*s death was^ -‘Twrt of drepfay.™ ■' 

. The case; ,watcb^,cic»s& ^9* {todbK was befieved ta be fhe 

first time a been diarged wth raandaugfiter in 

connedioQ«atha(k^(hjiuigagame. ' v '. ; v 


PARIS (Reatere) Mrarica Sdcs^wffl not remm to thr women’s 
professional tennis draot^risyear, her rqaresenlairixs. tbe Imemational 
Management Group, said Wednesday. 

‘^hcisiKrtaiteredinaiqrtotaianMaes this yearandshedoes not know 
when she wall beahle.ttyjKtuni," rim grxxqj saM in. a statemenL Sdes, the 
fonner worid Na fj Was. stabbed in the back bjr a spectator during a 
match in Hamburg in A^prifl- "" ■ 

Fcardie Record-’ 

nito a bribery scandal, j^ce^rces said. fRaamj 
- ENZA NrirZi liimit. oriilfiitonstop around the world record attempt, 
knocked ■. three day^tmd. IS hours off the previous Ushant-to-Capc 
Leanria record sfct by Commodore Explorer in 1993, comptetiug me 
12J30O-nrilc (I9’ t 39fH aiopMfl ( g i) journey in 29 days, labours. (Reuters) 


3; 

£*2 


| 


DENNIS THE MENACE 




PEANUTS 


WAITING 

ROOM 


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■ .i- i •fz ^ 


/ I HEARD \ 
/ A NURSE SAV 
I OUR BROTHER 
SN00PV HAS 
.PNEUMONIA.. / 


HE U1A5 

always the 

LIVELY ONE 
IN OUR 
FAMILY. ^ 


/WASNT 
f HE IN 

[world 

iWARI?y 


l THINK 
HE JUST 
THOUGHT 
HE WAS.. J 





-vrr^ 


ui aa i 




BLOND1E 

I WW! LOOK > 
AT HM GO!} 




'Vcu)!^QXi£DNT PUT HMWCKTDeeWBR A6W2 
DOcSTHST AtfAS TiSBE WfiWt BE A 5EQUEL?" 


f 

V* )$. ! 


HE'S AUSADY 
SEEN THROUGH 

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WtLDFJHE/ 



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WHAT r 

always 

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I ~y<‘ 
i -/SL'.TrJi 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 


, tata« T .tfSm «%yrao f 


f WHERE DID 
HE GET THE 
HELMET AND 
lGOSSLES? v 





wbfc CWT/ 



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tom Su nxouo obw^. to sj 1 )- 
grxad by vB*-* exitovi 


BEETLE BAILEY 


r*&ete 




| AND WHO SUGGESTED 
S this valet parkin© 

| TO THE GENERALLY 


(»n REX MORGAN 




DOONESBIRY 


s GAVEL TWETJ CDS’Lr <ww 
Wai no w5*c* *>•« rv fhxvy 1 
MIW — -SuUMIT' ADVICE 


GARFIELD 


!S&\ 


, *91. 

• ys, < 








If) l 


% 


On Thursda 




m s 


' JY 


1 :$ 

$ 


. •* 
■ * r. ^ 


[ L f: 

•-*Tv^ » 

2 ;>- 


Thursday’s Event* 

/Uf taros are £5&fT 


‘Sfi'." 


i AJpfcwSkHng - Man’s super G, 
[.1000. " : 
I Cro*»-Country - Mean's 10 tukmeter 

i dasslcaL 0930; Women's free pursuit, 

' 1130. . ’ 

Sfcatbig — . Men's, technical 
[ program, 1800. 

i foe Hockey - Slovakia vs. Italy. 1400; 

' France vs. Sweden, 1830; Canada vs. 

[ United States. -1900. 
i Speedskating. - Women’s 3.000 roe- 
I tare, 1300. 


Thursday’s TV 


Friday's Evsnts 

AH times am GMT 

Btoftton - Women’s 15 Wfometem. 

oboo; 

Httum Skating - ice dancing 'com- 
puisoriea, 1800. 

ice Hockey — Germany va. Russia. 
.1400; - Finland vs. Austria. 1830; 
Czech Republic vs. Norway, 1B00. 
Use - Men’s douMes. first ana sec- 
ond runs. 09oa 

Horde Combined - individual 90 
mater ski jump. 1 130. 

Sp e edsk a t ing - Men’s 1.000 meters. 
130 0. 

Friday’s TV 


EUROPE 

AH times are local 


Austria - ORF: 0600-1730, 2015- 

2100. 2230-0015. 

' Brttata* - BBC2: 141 5-1 S00. 1630- 
“ 1730, 3000-2100. 2315-2355. 
i Bulgaria - BNT/Channel 1; nss- 
1335. 1915-1945. 2210-2330; Chanoet 
| Z 1700-1720, 2065-2330, 0030-0100. 

> Croatia - HRT/TV2; 1630-1*20, 

; 1955-2230. 2330003a . 

I Cyprus - CYBC: 1715-1745, 2030- 
; 2100.2230-2300. : 

I Czech Repubfc - CTV/Channd 1: 
0915-1345/ 1945-2015, 2320-0005: 
Channel 2r 1955-2230. 

Den ma rk - DR: 1020-1400-1855- 
1925, 21302215, 2215-2222, 2333- 
0033. 

Estonia - ETV: 1125-1245, 1320- 
1430. 1700-1945, 2145-2330. 
i Finland — YLE7TV1: 1115-1700: 
7V2: 1900-2000, 2210-0030. 

France - FR3: 1020-1200/1205- 
1252, 171B-1954, 2005-2030, 2340- 
. 0040; TF1:-1 100-1155. 

Germany - ARDt 101 5-1 740. '2015- 
2300. 

Greece - ET2: 1200-1300,- 1915- 
1945.2200-2330. 

l Hungary - MTV/ Channel 1: 1625- 
1655, 2005-2010; Channel 2: 1207- 
1237, 2303-2333. . 

Iceland - RUV: 0955-1400,. 1825- 
1855, 2330-0000. . ' • ; . 

' Italy - RA12: 0000-0200; RA13: 1025- 
1330. 1455-1465-1800 0030-0200. 
Latvia - LT: 1915-1945, 0080-0100/ 
Lithuania - LRT: 1125-1300. 1320- 
1430, 2130-2150.. 

; Lusemboiag - CUT: Highlights on 
evening news, 1900-2000 . 
Macedonia - MKHTV/ Channel 1: 
0955-1215. 1715-1745, 1755-1845. 
1855-2130. 2230-2300. Channel 2 
, 0925-1100. 1120-1230, 1355-1900; 
Channel 3: 1255-1550, 1755-2130. ■ 
Monaco TMC/JT: 1025-1330. 
1500-1925, 2006-2230. 0045-0245. 
Netherlands - NOS: 0930-1720. 
1 840-1 B50, 2030-2335. ' 

Norway - NRK; 1000-1750, 2000- 

. 0080; TV2: 184S-1 900. ’■ 

Poland - TVP/PR1: 1020-1105. 
1830-1855, 2200-2300; PR2: 1105- 
1330. 1605-1725, 1905-20001 0005- 
0105. 

Portugal - TVZ: 2300-2320; RTR1: 
;. 1100-1-120. . . • 
Romania - RTVR/ Channel 1: 1155- 
1400. 1915-1945. 2245-2330. 0030- 
.0100.. - 

-Russia -f • ftTO: r1420-«30. i^O- 
IflOa 2140-0030; RTR: 1220-1400, 
1910-1 955. 2135-2255. 2330-0035. . 

Slovakia - STV/SK: 0600-0830, 
1 025-1330; 1435-1 730; 1815^1845- ■ 
Slovenia — RTVSLO: 100S4415. 
1700-1 845, 1955-2005, 2045-0100. 
Spain - PITVE; 1000-2400; TVE2: 

1445-1500. v. 

Sweden - SVT/TV2: 1015-1330. 
1715-1915. 2100-2330; Channel 1: 
1915-2100 

Switzerland * TSR/TSI/DRS: 1025- 
1 1315, 1905^2230, 2240-2325; S+: 
2000-2230. 

Turkey - TRT: 1BOO-1900. 2100- 
2330. 

Ukraine - DTRU/UT1: 1125-1300. 
1320-1420, 1915-1845, 2200-2400, 
0030-0100/ 

Eurosport - 0600-2230, «WX»n- 
' tlnuous coverage. 


ASIA /PACIFIC 
AH times are local 
; Australia - Channel 9: 2030-0100. 
New Zeeland - TOT: 07004)800, 
2130-2400. 

' Japan - NHK; 2200-2400 (general): 
1230-1500. 1800-0630 (satellite); 
■ 1300-1500. 1900-2200 (H(-V«km). 


Papua New Guinea - 9I4TV: 1100- 
1330. 

China - CCTV: 1930-2130: 2300- 
2400 

Hong Kong - TVB: 2400-0100, 
South Korea - KBS: 1430-1730. 
2400-0130; MBC: 1000-1300 2400- 
0130. 

Mataysta - TVS: 23150015. 
Singapore - SBC/Channel 12:2400- 
0100. 

STAR TV/Prime Sports - 0200- 
0300, 0900-1045, 1700-2000. 2200- 
0130. 

NORTH AMERICA 
AH times are EST 


r Canada - CTV: 0630-0900. 1330- 

■; 1700, 2000-2300. 

; Undad States - CBS:0700-0900. 
". 2000-2300. 0037-0137; TNT: 1300- 
.■ 7800. 

[ Mexico - Televisa: 0700-1100, 1700- 
i 1900. 23302400. 


OLYMPIC SCOREBOARD 




U* 


VsSo 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY IT. 1994 


Page 17 








^CSTW-.;,. 

Wtl B- 


s-— 




Europe 

AH times are local 

Austria - ORF: 0600-1900. 2015- 
2100, 2230-0015. 

Britain - BBC2: 1420-1550, 1800- 

210a 

Bulgaria -£NT/Charinal i: 110O- 
1315. 1700-1830, :i 915-1945. 2210- 
2310; Channel Z 1700-1920, 2055- 
2300," 0030-01 00. ' • 

Croatia - HRT/TV2: 1630-1925. 
Cyprus - CYBC: 1715-1745, 2030- 
21 Oft 2230-2300. 

Czech Hepubttc — CTV/Chartnel 1: 
0915-1215, 1945-2015, 2300-2400; 
Channel 2b 1955-2230 
Denmark - DR: 0960-1200, 1450- 
1730, 2130-2200. 

Estonia - ETV; 1055-1300. 1325- 
1530, 1545-1845, 1915-1945, 2145- 
2 330, 

Finland - YLE/TV1: 1045-1700. 
2100-2330; TV2: 1730-1830. 1845- 

2100: 

France -FR3: 1015-1200. 1020- 
1215, 1225-1254. 1304-1440, 2005- 
2025. • 

Germany - ZDF: Q850-1750-2tt5- 
2145, 22152230. 

Greet* - ET1: 0850900. 1630-1700. 
23000100. ET2: 19151945, 2000- 
2130. 

Hungary - MTV/Channe! 1: 1207- 
1237, 2122-2127; Channel 2: 2250- 
2320. 

teMand - RUV; 0855-1100, 1255- 
1430, 1825-1855, 0000-0030. 

Italy -RA^d965-1205. 00150200; 
RA13: 1730-1800.0015-0200- 
Latvta - LT: 1055-1300. 1915-1045, 
0030-0100- 

USmairia - LRT: 1055-1315, 2000- 
0030. 

Luxembourg - CLT: Hghllghts on 
evening news. i900-200a 
MacadMda - MKRTV/Channel 1: 
0855-1100, 1355-1630. 1715-1745, 
1755-1830, 1655-2130. 2230-2300; 
Channel 2: 0655-1115. 1255-1450, 
1825-1900; Channel 3: 1125-1330. 
1755-2110. .. 

Monaco - TMC/IT: 1000-1300. 
15K>-1 925, 2005-2230, 2345-0145. 
Netheriands ~ NOS: 0930-1725, 
1640-185Q 2030-2335. 

Norway - NRK: 0900-1750. 2000- 
0030; TVZ 1845-1900. 

Poland - TVP/PH1: 0950-1100. 
1830-1855. 2200-2330; PR2: 1105- 
1500. 1605,1725, 1905-2055. OOOSO- 
01 2D. . 

Portugal - 7V2? 23002320: RTP1 

11Q0-112a s 

Romania - RTVR/Channei T: 1200 
)30ft /1600-1650. 1915-1945, 0030 
01 00. Channel 2 : 1655-1830. 2055- 
2330. ' . ' - 

Ihiasia - RTO: 1155-1415. 1655- 
2000, 2140-2200; RTR: 1250-1400. 
1555-1750,2135-2205. 

Slovakia - STV/SK: 0600-0830. 
0955-1215, 12S-1430, 1815-1645. 
Slovenia -..RTVSLO: 0935-1435. 
1700-1845. 1965-2015. 2045-2235. 
Spain - RTVE: 1000-2400; TVE2: 
1445-15 00. . . 

Sweden — SVT/TV2: 0950-1200. 
1400-1550, 21002230; Channel 1: 
2000 - 2100 . . 

Switzerland ~ TSR/TS/DRS: 1230- 
1545, 1905-2230. 

Tiakay - TRT; 20002330. 

Ukraine - DTRU/UT1: 1055-1800, 
1430-1530. 161S-170Q, 1915-1945. 
00300100; UT2: 1455-1630 
Eurosport - 06002215. 24QCFcorv 
tinuous coverage. - - 

ASIA/PACIFIC 
All times are local 
AustraEa - Channel Si 20300100. 
New Zealand - TV1: 0700-0600. 
21302400. 

Japan - NHK: 22002400 (general); 
1230-1500, 1800-0830 (satellite); 
1300-1500, 19002200 (Hi-Vteton). 
Papua New Guinea - EMTV: 1000 
1330. 

China - CCTV: 22D02400. 

Hong Kong - TVB: 2400010a 
South Korea - KBS: 14301730, 
2146-2230, 2415-0145; MBC; 1000- 
7300. 

I Ma yato - TVS: 2315-0015. 
Singapore - SBC/Channef 12:2400 
0100. 

STAR TV /Prime Sports - 0200 
0630, 09001400, 18300500 
NORTH AMERICA 
All times are EST 

Canada - CTV: 0630-0900. 1330 
1700, 20002200. - 
Untied States - CBS:0700-0900. 
20002300. 00374137; TNT: 1300 
1800. 

Mexico - Televisa: 07001100, 1700 
1900.23302400. • 

■ tntorrna6onproiridedbytha.lOC. T VA, 
and mo/vidual broadcasters: compilecl 
by no fntemaBonal Herald Tritune. 



m3* 


By the Rink, Russia’s Past 
Contemplates Its Future 


By Ian Thomsen 

/R. , m.%'C0i Hrr^JH Tn^ui), 

ULLEHAMMER —The mod- 


ihdr Olympic debut in 1956. they 
had never failed lo score. 


Then the seventh-seeded Funis 


cm RusMan wears only a liule red. outshot itaem. 2S-1 1 . The Russians, 
on his helmet 3nd his baggy pants, seeded No. I. allowed I wo goals in 


His hockey jersey is white and his the final minute. Outrage might 


sices es are blue. 


The colors look American, just 


have been expected from Tikhanov 
— the face of Russian hockey, ai 64 
reminiscent of the Brezhnev era — 


i:i.„ ,l_ • remuiLsceni uie dicxjjho na — 

form' — Eebnk —is American. He bu ‘ h ? looked up at the Korebowd 
i- typically in his eariy Ms. ««h JS 


nuies in North America. Nlavbe he >»c drdnt know- what to say. 


IIULC3 U1 in. . . , _ . _ _ L 


next shift to nuke everything hap- ^ 


per. for himself, when who comes 
ujjking aJong bui I he old Russian. 
The SUM u> shaded like the final 


Tikhonov laie in the game. This has 
been denied by the Russians. 

“He has decided that this team is 


than his players. Sometimes be 
leaned on the board as if it were 
park fence, chin resting in the seat 
of his hand. From across the ice, be 
looks (ike someone you would not 
want to feud with. He looks like he 
would fight you for the rest of your 
life. His eyes were a symbol of 
Soviet hockey and all of its effi- 
ciently ruthless beauty. But the fan 
is being proved a gain that nobody 
can be described in just one way. 
He never could have survived all of 
these changes without adapting. 

In effect, he used to lock his play- 
ers in their training camp ana free 
them only to win championships. 
Today the bat of them have flown 
to the National Hockey Le a g u e, the 


ine sun i-s Miaacu iixc me un<u nc »» ucwwu uuuuu i«iu u ... * 

moments of dusk with a matching not a team on which you can yell L thejr qSSc 

tie Hack vesL and the hair and they will wake up.” said the are ^ong 

appears to have been darkened, friend. Vsevolod Kukushkin, a ^ 

■Rie plaier of tomorrow looks into Russian journalist and official jaeswasjus twoy ag . 
ihc .Me Russian eves and ifs like spokesman for the hockey team. The demise of Russian hockey 
looking down into two deep wells. “He knows they are young and has been predicted for more than six 
shimmering fainllv at the bottom, maybe too nervous, so his tone years, but the Russians are not ad- 
v- , . ■ ' . . ... _ must be to sav, ’Please wake up, mining to such predictions this 

No« v. . van to see how x will afl {J y l0 shoot, please.’ " week. In this era of their transiticxL 

l U " " Tikhanov. Yureinov and another they are doing remarkably A 
"I cannot understand what has assisiani coach. Igor Dmitriev, national lottery (equipped by the 
happened, w hy suddenly we cannot stayed up until 2 A Jvf. reviewing Greeks! is helping to fund Russian 
skate." Vifcwr Tikhanov. the old game. The Russians, for all of sports, and international sponsors 
Russian hockey coach, was telling a Tikhonovs outdated styling, have like Reebok and Adidas are trying 
friend the other nigh;. “.And I’m hired themselves a video coach just to seize Russia's market by sustain- 
sure the platers can’t understand ^ the Los .Angeles Lakers. He ing its mighty sports programs, 
w hat happened, either.’" edited the game down to a series of On Wednesday, videos were 


Dra-Pipm) TV Swxuwd He- 

inrich Hiemer flatteDed tbe Czechs' Jin DofezaL, but it was Germany that ended up down by a goaL 


"I cannot understand what has 
happened, w hy suddenly we cannot 
skate." Viktor Tikhanov. the old 
Russian hockey coach, was telling a 
friend the other nigh;. “.And I'm 
sure the players can’t understand 
what happened, either." 

What happened Monday night 
was the Russians" unprecedented 5- 
0 loss (o Finland. Throughout their 
political evolution from Soviet 
Union to Unified Team to Russia, 
they had lost only five Olympic 
hockey games before the other 
night, amounting to a couple of 
minor accidents expected lo ac- 
company she race toward 61 vic- 
tories and eight gold medals. Since 


The demise of Russian hockey 
has been predicted for more than six 
years, but the Russians are not ad- 
mitting to such predictions this 
week. In this era of ibdr transition, 
they are doing remarkably wdL A 
national lottery (equipped by ihe 
Greeks! is helping to fund Russian 
sports, and mtematiooal sponsors 
like Reebok and Adidas are trying 
to seize Russia’s market by sustain- 
ing its mighty sports programs. 

On Wednesday, videos were 


themes and on Tuesday morning studied, lines were changed, and 
they were shown to the players who dominant of all Olympic 


dream of America, Then they prac- teams grew dominant a g^in with 
deed and met again. On Wednes- lw0 rac h from Dmitri Denis- 


day there was one more meeting ^d Alexander Vinogradov 
before they left for the arena and qualifying them for the final round. 


thrashed Austria, 9-1. 

Most coaches stand in back of 
the bench, their arms crossed. Tik- 
banov stood in front Wednesday, 
hands in pockets, closer to the ice 


For a Tew minutes, as his players 
celebrated the goals that could earn 
them American dollars, the old 
Russian could actually be seen 
grinning. 


Baby-Faced Swede 
Knows How to Hit 


By Johuette Howard 

Washington Pan Senior 

ULLEHAMMER — So this is 
tbe young phenom the Quebec 
Nor cliques of the National Hockey 
League insisted on in the block- 
buster trade that seat .Eric Lindros 
to the Philadelphia Flyert? This is 
the youngster who might lead Swe- 
den to tbe Olympic grid medal? 
This is Peter Forsberg? 

Why. he’s barely shaving, for 
heaven's sake. And when you talk 
to him after his Olympic g a m es, he 
has this habit of stretching the long 
sleeves of his underehirt over his 
hands, then clutching the fabric in 


hands, then clutching the fabric in 
bis fists like some fidgety kid who 
just wants to be told be can go to 
his room and play with his model 


airplanes. Alone. 

And heaven forbid that you pay 
Forsberg a compliment in his pres- 
ence. Suddenly he seems ready to 
run off and hide in one of tbe 
team's equipment trunks. 

After Sweden’s 4-1 walkover 
against Italy on Tuesday in the sec- 
ond round of tire Olympic round- 
robin play at Ullehammer's Hakon 
Hall, Forsberg squirmed when 
someone tried to hand him a Sports 
Illustrated magazine article about 
himself after be said he hadn't yet 
seen iL- 

“You keep it,” he sad with a 
grimace, stealing a quick, curious 
lode at tbe picture of himself. 

He grimaced again when a 
French journalist mentioned the 
three-year, $4 million contract he 
signed not too long agp. 

“1 can live on that," Forsberg 
said, straight-faced 

He seemed at a loss about how 
he'll spend his newfound millions. 
A new cat? "Naur,* be shrugged; A 
new house? “NahT be wagged his 
bead. 

And his new celebrity as the 
highest-paid Swedish-born player 
in the NHL, without ever playing a 
game? 

“Aw " Forsberg protested, “To- 
mas Sandsstrom. some of the other 
.guys are going to sign new deals 
soon. It won't last." 


He stands 6 feet, 1 inch. 190 
pounds ( 1.86 meters. 86 kilograms!, 
and doesn’t seem that imposing. 

But Wayne Gretzky has called 
Forsberg tbe best young player in 
the world. Tbe Nordiques' coach 
and general manager. Pierre Page, 
has predicted NHL stardom for 
him. 

. Unlike a lot of Swedes, Forsberg 
does not have the son of no-con- 
tact European game that gets de- 
rided by NHL traditionalists such 
as Don Cherry, the blustery com- 
mentator on Canadian TV's vener- 
able "Hockey Night in Canada.” 
(deny has never seen a scar-raced 
goon be didn't like. But pan of his 
schtick is bleating about how all 
Scandinavian players — but espe- 
cially Swedes — are “pantywaists" 
on ice wbo do too much “pussyfoo- 
tin’ aroond.”) 

Forsberg may be unpretentious 
and apple-cheeked, but he long agp 
proved his on-ice griL 

At age 16 he was already deliver- 
ing hits and scoring goals for 
MoDo. the team his father coaches 
in Sweden's Elite League, the coun- 
try’s equivalent of the N HL. Asked 
now what he remembered about 
that first season. Fombetg smiled 
impishly and said. “The other play- 
ers, in tbe beginning, well — they 
went a little nuts on me. They 
couldn't punch me, you see, be- 
cause we wear cages over our facts. 
And they didn't Eke thaL But. you 
know, i also could not punch 
them.” 

If Forsberg turns out to be any- 
thing close to projections that have 
been made about him. the Que- 
be^ois may come to love his mix of 
modesty and muscle as much as 
they loathe Lindros for the way he 
spumed them back in 1991. 

Even if you don’t follow hockey 
much, you may remember the Lin- 
dros soap opera. Four years ago. he 
was heralded as the best Canadian- 
born hockey player to enter the 
NHL since Mario Leraieux. 

But Lindros bluntly told Quebec 
not to bother drafting him No. 1 
overall because he didn’t want to 



Finland 


Advances 


In Hockey 


The Associated Press 

ULLEHAMMER - Unbeaten 
Finland clinched a spot in the Olym- 
pic hockey quarterfinals Wednesday 
night, using suffocating defense to 
gain its second straight shutout 4-0 
over winless Norway. 

The seventh-seeded Finns, who 
allowed a combined 27 shot* on 
goal in beating the top two seeds in 
their group, gave 1 1 th-seeded Nor- 


way few opportunities. Goalkeeper 
Jarino Myllys was rarely tested. 

The Firms held a 32-1 1 shooting 
advantage. They already had stymied 
stronger teams , bearing the third- 
seeded Czech Republic, 3-1, and 
stunning top-seeded Russia, 34). 

As the game ended, Myllys 
thrust both arms skyward moments 
before he was mobbed by team- 
mates. 

Finland (3M)> plays Austria (0-3) 
and Germany (2-1 ) in its remaining 
games before the single-elimina- 
tion playoffs involving the top four 
teams in each of die two groups. 


Myllys, who helped beat tbe 
zech Republic, relumed to the 


M-iva H» uJ Hr V-«*cwmJ ftp* 


Bakim Babic, 19, of Bosnia's team being escorted to cross-country ski practice by a security guard. 


plav for the sad-sack Nordiques, 
didn't want to pay high Quebec 
income taxes, didn’t speak French 
and didn't care to play in a French- 
speaking province became, in the 
long run. it could hurt his endorse- 
ment income. 


The Nordiques did the smart 
thing and drafted Lindros anyway. 
The Flyers won the bidding war for 
him by giving Quebec a windfall of 
draft picks, some proven NHL 
players and the rights to Forsberg. 
die sixth pick overall in that draft. 


No one has said Forsberg will 
ever be as prolific a goal scorer as 
Lindros. So far in this Olympic 
toumamenL he's been coniem to 
be more of a set-up man than a net- 


crasher. Sweden so far has a tie and 
a victory. 

In the open ice his passing is 
wonderful. On ibe power play he 
likes to set up in the zone behind 
the net, slightly to one side like 
Lemieux does, surveying the entire 
ice and anticipating who will be 
free lo take a pass and bury a scor- 
ing chance. 

He probably could score more if 
he wanted to. But when you think 
of it. passing first and’ shooting 
second is the ultimate act of trust 
for the talented player. You have to 
believe your teammates will rifle 
the shot home, you have to be un- 
worried that your own stats depend 
upon iL Around Sweden they are 
saying this hasn’t been Forsberg’s 


best of seasons — nothing like 
1992-93. when he beat out six-sea- 
son NHL veteran Hakan Loob for 
the Elite League's most valuable - 
player award. And Forsberg 
agrees, adding; “If I knew what the 
reason was I’d stop il.” 


Maybe it's the pressure of being 
the youngster Quebec got for Lin- 
dros, he admits. Maybe it's the big 
contract. Or maybe it’s just this: 
He’s scheduled io join the Nordi- 
ques this April, after his last season 
with his father’s team is over, and 
he’s still just a kid. So it’s not all 
that surprising when he concedes. 
“Maybe I’m getting sentimental 
about leaving” Sweden. 

“It’s home.” 


MEDALS 


FIGURE SKAT I MO 
Ptrtr*. Rwtfrt Program 

gold— S- Gonheva and 5L Grtnkcv, Raatd 
S-R MMfcvttew* and A. Dmttrw. R wrtte 
BRONZE— L Brwwew ond L. EtsW. Canada 


COUNTRY 

Ruttta 

Norviov 

MtH* 

United Stows 

Canada 
W flWwr tones, 


CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING 
- um n nlhmulrr 
OOCO-TUonva Alsgoora, KarwY 
sieves— Worn. DnNia. Nontoy 
BRONZE— MBia'WItVta. Finland 
LUGE . 

SOLO— tteoro HacW Odflnww 
SILVER— MOrttus Pro*; AuNrld 
BONZe— Amtfn Z o o— I it . HOW 
-SPEED' SKATING 


FREtSTYUE SWING 

Meal toWBB 

fiOLO-Jwn-i-w: 

siLveft—swoM ** o a *? t! y '^S!Sr 

BRONZE— Eltear &TStoWVFra f > ec 

SK.VEB-UJ *WiW' 

BROKER — EteMVOtt MjewrtMWr 
UI06 

vgansSWR 

SILVER— Sosl E««tiaiilvOD^w^ 
BROKZE— MdrOB Towwrffi ^ • 

.. SPfiED SKATING 

SU.VS9— 4nan* 

BROtOE-mtoi Zondrtw. NtfwrW"®- 
ALPtNE SKUNC. . 

ESSSSSES-— 

S-KMtacnr 

G0U>-4r«BBv 

- SILVER— MDMlo O' 
BGONZE-JfarW-td* Wrvesnumi • 


GOLD— AlekJdndr GtdUbev, Russia • 
SILVER-Sored^ Wrasla 
BRONZE— Mcmotta «0*1L Japan 
. Sndavi Rtfuts ' 

■ ALPINE JKUNG ■ 

Meat Powob W 

GOLt? — Tommy Mae. UnOtd States •• 
SILVER— KteEl Andre Aaroodi Moneav 
bronze— RA terrf-PDdMmtor, Canada. 
CROSS-COUNTRY SKIING 
’■ mmiteV tWotoBOto; . 
GOLD— ManueJa 01 Ceato- lKW 
SILVER— LrnOolf &HWS RcnalB 
'BRONZE— Nh» OawUuk,.R«*fci 
- SPEEDSKATING 
' MwVsatoMster . 
GOLD— jwmn Ota# Ka& HontOV 
SILVER— KWI SRwftL Non«W 
BRONZE— RlnH* Rffsmo. Nrtterloods 


TSJn,- 4 RaahoeUe Ntonoa. France. Sin: S, 
Cendtc* Glia. FraacbMSS: LToilona MHtar- 
: mew. Germoov, 34^3; I.DormowetoOracfit. 
US. 300. 

■- a, Ann 'Samite, UA, 2171: *. Bramnen 
TTiamas, Canada 2SSt: 18. Silvia AisarctavH. 
Itotv.ZUS: it. Toe Sarora, jornn. am n. 
UoDdmlla Ovmtctienka. Ruaia, 23.12; t& 
iMimoMarlka Karhu. F InhwJ. 23J» ; lLMort- 
TWTcriartasaaVa Russia. 2L32: li Etena Kor- 
devck Rusua, 2U2: 1ft. Kalherina KuOenk. 
Cwnda, 31 ja, 

.MEN'S Moguls— - 1. Jean- Luc Brassard. 
Carada. 27^ palnfs: Z Snrvei snowrtetwv. 

■Russia 2Ufc- S. Etoar. Gresolrnn. Franca 
2S44; < Olivier Cotta France. TSJ9; s, Jow- 

- oenF«idarvLSMden.2S5l; AOiivMr AHa- 

mooO. France, 2i28: 7. Jtan Smart, carman. 
3496. ‘ 

A Trov Benson. UX2«to;9, mm Fatten 
UMMo, Finland. 3478; W. Frtdrtk TtoUn. 
Sweden. 3458: 11. Anders JanetL Sweden. 


2t50; 12, Leif Percoa Sweden. 2485; W. Sean 
SmltlL ULllft 14, Adrian Coda, AuAraKa 


3138; IS Hons Enaetecfl E ide.Narwa».3S22i 
tA NktaKa Gaww, Avftraila, 23un. 


Latvia, n7.«7 tewta, e»Ja*. man. ; 
Id. Oorts Meaner , Austria 3:17426 fetjji, 
49J17. 49319. 49AS9I; 

tt, Carronv Mvier, US. 3:17834 (4*m 
49^63, 49JM 498461; 12. Bettian CaKaterra- 
MCManan. US. 3:(&0QS (49.731 49542. 49304. 
49A26|:1X Pin Wedeae, Norway. 3:10847 
(49J67, 49.49IL 49J70, 49^791, M. Jam Bode. 
' Sermon v. 3:18.101 (SOJW. 49J94. «MH, 
49239); IX Marla Jasencakava. Slovakia 
3:19456 (49^11, 51051, 4927S 
16. Evlht Safes. Latvia. 3: 1095? /49.7K 
498)?. 4*623. 49.710); 17. Ilula Galle. Latvia. 
2:19049 (49.973. 49.73S.49Mi. 497041; IB. OMO 
NovUcava Russia. 3;19.977 149660, 50JMA 
49842. 50731); It, Helen Novltov. Estorta, 
3:70333 ISD.160 50174, 49888, 50.1931 : » Am* 
ABemaitiv. Viroin Islands. 3:20871 (50698, 
50.190 49776. 50.1671. 

21, Adriano Tuna R»naiia3:2U6) ISDJO*. 
50588.50393,50556 ) : 22 Senna Srhora. Item 
ala 3:23704 (57724. 5088a 50572. 50506); 21 
Verona Aftarlano^tc. Bovuo-MrrjTsavina, 
33*779 150586. 51 J07. 5IJ65. SL/21 U 24. Grate 
SeftoiaGrtece.4:l4.14U1 :4350s. 50824. 49777. 
499SI: Erin warren. US. DHF. 


Olee Pavlov. Russia. 1:64.99: 17. Mli.mae( 
Hadsc ftieft Austria. 1:5109; IS. Srriaar x> 
hansen. Norway. 1-5&31 : 19. Tluimas W4im. 
Germany. I:5131; 20. Miami soteimonn. 
Germany. 1:5106. 

21, Y uklaen Mtraba. Japan, 1 :H5*. 22 
land Brunner. Auelr la. 1 .5578 : H Datfld Torn* 
hurrlna. US. l JSJB: 24. Patrick Kelly. Cana- 
da1:518ii 2S. Darmv Ron. Aioiraiia.i.56 W: 
3X Zsolt Bola Romania. 1 :5tM: ?7. T»)ilh.ko 
I tofcawa. Japan. 1:56.67; 28. K^vln 5«M. Cana- 
da. ):S65S; 29. Radik BlkamMw?*. umaWi- 
ston. 1:5*73; St Vodlm Sovutin, KxcaWKian. 
1:5703. 

3L DozuMrhi Horvatn. Romania, l : S? 07: 31 
Srion Wanek. Ui- 1.57W, 31 5er»ev Tsr 
Mnka. Ko*dkhUon, 1 : 57.43: 34. David* Carlo, 
near. 1:5746; 3X Vito Jy Novidiwko. BrlorvS. 
1 : 57.W: 36. Phillip TafmmdllL Auslrana. 
1:57-59; 37, Nathaniel Wills. US_ i:3&43.- 38. 
Patrick BnrchortL Canada. 1 5903. 7>. KC 
BOwtune, 3:9059; *0, Pavrt Jvpmun!. 
Poland. 3:0571 ; 4i, joe-StdV Lee.s«tati Korea, 
2:3060; Alessandro Dr Tod del. Itehr, DNF; 
Vonld Liu. China DNF; Artur Siolranskl. 
Pofond, DNF. 


LUGE 


SPEED 

SKATING 


HOCKEY 


FREESTYLE 

SKIING 


’ WOMCK* MOGU LS— 1. Stine U*e Mattes- 
fan nerves. Inlnfin 2. Lh McIntyre, 
u 2 SJ 9 ; i EINatato Kalevnflma. Rntshii 


WOMBtrt SINCLBS Iran mao in aaren- 
tkesesl— L Cerda Welssen^Mrar, mdr.3 mta 
U m. \S5T7 seconds (4SJ40«Ma 0.95048537),- 
2 3us Erdmann. Germany. 3-.UZ76 (4S.W. 
4889X49 3tortfl54l.-OAwdreoT o Qwr fc er.6ua- 
mck3;16AS H654L dt.VJ.49Sn. 49 JS71; 4. An- 
gfQo NtMtf, Austria. 3-,U*Bl (49855. 49.152 
4931X 49-379); S. NotaHe OBUretwr, Italy, 
3:1L737 149846, 497ffl 49.181, 49AS8) 

6. oannele KahJhcti, Germany, 3:17.197 
{48588.59J2X49JD1.45 jSS) ; 7, IfilH GUMlUxl 
R ut^o. 3:17.198 (42167.49231, 49JI6.49AM1: 
X Natalia YtAusnwfco, Ukraine. 3:nJ78 
(49J3X 49J04. 49414 49426); 9. Anna Ortave. 


MSITS 1J86 UETRR— 1. Jrtionn Olav Koss. 
Harwev. t mtautB. 51 * seconds; 2 ftlntte 
Rinma Net her lands. 1:51.99; X Ftaka Znnd- 
stre. Nerfterleexis. t :S2J8r * Artta SandeaOL 
Norway. 1:5XT3; X And rev Amrf»ien*a. Ruv 
ita. 1:5116: 6. Peter Adcdera- German. 
1JXS0; 7. Nea Marshall. Canada. 1:5156: O 
Martin n e mw Netneriands, i:SZ SP: ». Jet- 
. am Straattwt. wtnertows. 1:53.70: 10. Yury 
snutgo. Ukraine. UV30. 

11, Pami Jaraszek, Puond. t :54A9; 12R»- 
berteSWwLiiniv.liStSt: ULOratZInto, Ger- 
many. 1:5446; U K1«l Starelld, Norway. 
1:5*69: 1i Tara Anvontwl. Japan, i:K8S; to 


M-Ftmofld 

Germany 

Russia 

Czech Republic 

Austria 

Norway 


Grow A 

W L T PIS GF GA 
] 0 9 6 12 > 


2 10 4 6 5 

2 1 D 4 14 7 


2)0496 
0 3 0 0 7 20 


0 3 D D 9 H 

Group B 

Mr L T Pt* OF GA 

2 0 0 4 10 3 

1 o i 3 a 5 

0 0 2 2 7 7 


Uni tea States 


6 0 7 2 7 7 


Prance o i l l s » 

Italy 0 2 0 B 3 II 

y-oavanced to ouorlwtinols 
Wednesday's Retain 
Russia 4. Austria I 
Cirdi RecuMic l. Germany 0 
Finland 4. Norway 0 

Austria 6 I 0~-t 

Russia I > W 

First period— 1. Russia. Sergei Berezin. 

Pencil Ins— Jamrs Bun an. Aui iMHAine). 

Second period— L Russia, loor varltkl, X 
Russia. A inlander VMoeradov ( Dmitri Deni* 
mo, Anetm Wkoilcttlnei: A Russia. Alexan- 
der Smirnov iSeroel Berezin. Ravil Gus- 
manorl, 5- Russia. Dies Davydov Upor 
JDrirki. Valeri Kamov): 6. RinNa. Dmitri 
Demsov i Andrei J«W»lcM«e. Aie»ondcr vm- 
oarodovt; 7. Russia. Alexander vinaorodov 
(Andrei NUu#K»ine>; i«») fc Russia. Ravil 
Ousmanov ISeroel Berezim: 9. Austria. 
James Burton iiitorty DtUm); ipo). Renal- 
ins— N ucwiei Guentner. Aut (Iwidhta). Din- 
er Halt. Aul (htUdlmi; Grargi EvWoukWre, 
Rus im H tenwil. 

rtiirtf period— 1 a Russia Dmitri Denisov 
(Andrei NlleltCJiaie. Alexander Vinogra- 
dov); Penalties— Rob dovw, am (rouafiinal ■ 
Raa Davie, aui Icross-checklnat ; Pavel Tnr- 
doev, Rus isiashlnvl.- Pave< Torgaev. Rus. 
douDle-mmar (roue him. shnhinal ; Herbert 
Honenberaer. Aut. dauDtamlnor (rouphino. 
slasntapi; 

SAolsanaoel— Austria 3*11 -6— 14. Russia 22- 
14-12-46. Doolies— Austria. Mlctnci Pus 
Qndier. <39 stWS-34 saves). Claus Dolaiaz 
19-51. Russia. Sereei Atromov 114-13). 
Czech Reno one 6 ■ l— I 

Germany 0 0 0—0 

Fm penadwMone. Penalties— Richard 
Am am Get tsicsning); J ovsen Meyer, Gar 
(shzshhiBl; Thomas BrandL Gar (cross- 
cverklnoj; Jill Dotool. Crr (holding); Jon 
vopat, tie lnoJdtaQt. 

SecMd oeriad- non e. Penonic s B n M 
Doucel. Ger inouingt; MKhaei Rumrlcn, 
Ger lcmrflna>: Torsten lueness, Ger (tax*- 


Inoi : BensH Dovcel. Ger (roughlnal i MIH»- 
lov Horowa, C,-e irouvruns). 

Third Period— 1. Czech Republic. Jin ku- 
cero I Jlrt VyKOukali : Panalttad P eddlf Dau- 
cet. Ger (htoh-siirtanai ; Jon Vopot. Cze 
inwamv): Germany bench, senmd hv Bern- 
fiord Trunlscido I too monv men). 

snots an goal— Czech rcpudik ts-«-)e-a7. 
Germany 64-6— 16. Goalies— Czech Reoutallc. 
Petr Brlza tIB snots. IB saves). Germany. Jo- 
seph Hens 137-36). 

Norway 8 9 0-4 

FlntaBd 1 2 1—4 

First period—'. Finland. Petri varls 
IMono Polo. Tima jail la): Penalties' 
— Rolmo Heimlnen, Fin imterterwee), MJko 
Wakela, Fhn [ cross-check I ng 1 . Tommv Ja- 
kobsen. Nor i Interference). 

5eco«4 period — x Ftnlana, Mika Stroem- 
Wra (Mika Nletnlnen. Raima Helmlnen); X 
Finland. Vasa Erik Hamaiolmm (janne 
Oloneni; PmalHes— Tommy Jokaosen. Nor 
Ctrlopingl . Jarme Oiancn, Fin ( cross-check - 
Inoi: Com Anaersen, Nor (rouoMnn). 

Third per tod— 4. Finland. VUto FMimm 
(Jonne uwttkanen): <pp). Penoliies—**or- 
gon Andersen. Nor (hooking): MorkoKlPru- 
sov. Fin (irippinB). 

Snots on ooal— Norwov XS-3-n. Finland 
IP- 15- 19— XL Oocttes— NornoY, Jim Martfiln- 
sen (32 snots. 28 saves). Fintond, Jcrmo Mvi- 
l»S (Jl-m- 


To our readers in Austria 


It's never been easier 
to subscribe and Kwa 
JostcdltaWree: 
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orb*. Ofi06° t75J!3 


Czech Republic, relumed to the 
Finnish goal after Jukka Tammi 
blanked die Russians. 

Petri Varis gave Finland a 1-0 
lead at 6:46 of the first period. The 
Finns added second-period goals 
by Mika Stroerabcrg and Vesa Erik 
Hamalainen. Ville Pdionen fin- 
ished the scoring in (he third, up- 
ping in a shot by Janne Lauktamen. 

Finland's only Olympic hockey 
medal was a silver in 1988. It fin- 
ished seventh two years ago. 

The Olympic seedings are based 
on the standings from Iasi spring’s 
world championships, but the com- 
position of the teams has changed 
drastically since then. 

Finland finished fifth in the 1991 
world championships and. after 
coming in seventh the next two 
years, hired Cun Undsirom of Swe- 
den to coach the Olympic team. 

Czech Republic 1, German) (h 
Jiri Kucera scored on a breakaway 
at 4: 14 of the third period, beating 
Joseph Heiss low on the glove side 
as the goalie fell on his side. 

The three-ume Czech Olympian 
Petr Briza and Heiss made several 
flashy saves. 

Briza stopped 18 shots, while 
Heiss aimed away 36. The Czechs 
outshot the Germans 14-6 in -the 
final period for a 37-18 advantage. 

The Czechs (2-1 ) won right med- 
als. including the bronze in 1992 
over the United Slates, when they 
were playing as the former Czecho- 
slovakia. 

Both teams began the final peri- 
od on zhe power play after onset- 
ting roughing penalties were as- 
sessed with 23 seconds remaining 
in the second period. 

Neither team capitalized, 
though, just as both had failed to 
convert separate three -on-five 
chances in the penally-laden first 
period. 

The teams played four-on-four 
midway through the third after 
Germany’s Benoit Doucet received 
a five-minute high- sticking penalty 
and the Czech Jan Vopat went out 
two minutes for holding. Again, 
neither team scored. 

Frusirated by their inability to 
mount any offense, the Germans 
ended the game with a penalty for 
too many players on the ice. 

The Germans had wanted a per- 
fect record beading into their show- 
down on Friday with the Russians. 

Germany has a modest Olympic 
history, winning bronze medals in 
1932 and 1976. 











Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


SPORTS 



TER 


By the Tonya and Nancy 

Won’t Be die Only Ones Out There 


By William Drozdiak 

H'ashtng/un Post Service 

; LILLEHAMMER — While 
Americans, especially, may be 

blinded by [he intense media spot- 
light on Nancy Kerrigan and 
Tonya Handing, some of Olympic 
sports world is looking for a trio of 

skaters from Europe and Asia to 

sweep the medals in women's figure 
skating. 

Ukraine’s Oksana Baiui. 
' France's Surya Bonaly and China’s 
Lu Chen finished one-two-ihree in 
the 1 W world championships in 
Prague, the first time that Ameri- 
can women skaters were shut out of 
medals since 1969. Kerrigan fin- 
ished fifth and Harding did not 
compete. 

The Prague event is regarded by 
many skating experts as perhaps 
the best barometer of the skaters' 
current condition. Since then, the 
.Americans have struggled to insu- 
late their preparations from public 
hysteria over whether Harding was 



'!.V •' ' ‘.■•/s’ . .• • 




: *;■ , ° s ... 










involved in the plot to cripple Ker- 
rigan’s knee, while the skaters in 


other countries have been able to 
hone their skills and routines in 
1 relative tranquility. 

With Harding having arrived 
Wednesday to join other athletes at 
the Olympic village, personal ten- 
sions between her and Kenigan 
may grow to the point of seriously 
-jeopardizing their scheduled per- 
■formances a week from now. The 
two women will have to live under 
the same roof and share practice 
lime on the ice. They will commu- 
nicate through liaisons appointed 
by the U.S. figure skating team. 

“This controversy is going to put 
unbearable pressure on Harding 
and Ker igan. especially Nancy, 
because she seems more fragile!" 
said Annick Gailhaguel a French 
. coach who used to train Bonaly. 
“The other skaters are not bothered 
one bit. In fact, they probably see 
some benefit because the pressure 
'on the Americans could help their 
chances for medals." 

Gailhaguel still believes that 



and appears to have recovered 
from a loss of confidence after the 
Albertville Games, where she fin- 
ished a disappointing fifth. 

A month later, she finished elev- 
enth in the world chan^nonships in 
Oakland, California, and nearly 
quit $lt»iing because of a quarrel 
with her domineering mother. They 
have since reconciled and Bonaly 
has become, if anything, more de- 
pendent on her mother's steward- 
ship since cutting lies with her oth- 
er trainers. 

After a practice session this 
week, Bonaly said she considers 
Band and Kenigan the most seri- 
ous threats to her gold medal 
chances. 

“But 1 try not to think about 
that. I just want to concentrate on 
my own routine and hope for the 
belt," she said, as &e mime bed an 
apple while watching Kerrigan and 
other skaters practice while her 
mother recorded them with a video 
camera. 

Later, Bonaly would retire to her 

Skater Arrives 



Bfc Ftwtws/Apaot Fma-fiatt 

Nancy Kenigan, as wefl as Tonya Hawing, was the coder of press attention wherever sbe west in the Olympic Vfflage. 


HARDING: 


other skaters. She is known to train 
as much as right hours a day. De- 
spite chronic trouble with her 
skates became of her wrenching 
leaps and a leg that is shorter than 
the other. Bonaly’s athletic skills 
alone could propel her toward gold. 

In the past year, however, she 
has taken special dancing and gym- 
nastic courses to improve her artis- 
tic skills to complement the leaping 
power that sbe generates from her 
miPOTilur thighs. Now, she SflyS, “I 
have learned how to show the kind 
of grace that judges are looking for. 


Cootmned from Page 1 


Kerrigan was clubbed in the right 

ImM at tbf. national champion ships 

on Jan. 6 in Detroit 


Wednesday afternoon, before 
taking a team picture, the two skat- 
ers crossed paths and spoke briefly 
in the athletes' village, an ofScal 
said. 


The fact that I am the only Slack 
sed the i 


Car, Ct 


Oksana Baiui of Ukraine getting her technical program ready. 


Olympic judges prefer women who 
skate with “with grace and poetry 


rather than power. That’s why the 
advantage may be with Baiui. 

“But Bonaly is in excellent shape 
after the Copenhagen victory" in 
the European championships last 
month, she said, adding that Bona- 
ly "has improved her artistry great- 
• ly in the past year." 

One European judge, who insist- 


Viktor Petrenko, Zmievskaya's 
son-in-law, who is seeking to repeat 
his gold medal performance in 
men's singles skating, has served as 
Baiul's patron by sending money 
and costumes back from Europe 
and the United States during his 
stint as a touring professional. 

While she is still considered 
short of reaching her technical 
peak, Baiui displays the kind of 
charismatic grace on ice that tradi- 
tionally wins in the Olympics. She 


is often compared to Sonia Heme, 
the Norwegian gold medalist in the 


ed on anonymity, predicted die fu- 
both Kerrigan and 


ror will hurt 
Harding. 

"Judges like to say they are im- 
partial but they are only human." 
this judge said. "Harding’s style is 
not suited to the Olympics, unlike 
Kemgan's. But I think the tenden- 
cy among judges will be to be con- 
servative on points Tor Kerrigan 
because they will want to prove 
their independence by not showing 
too much sympathy." 

Even if the three front-line skat- 
ers falter, there are plenty of other 
women who are capable of medal- 
■ winning performances. This year 
will see one of the most talented 
group of Olympic women figure 
skaters in memory, and Canada's 
Josec Chouinard. Japan's Yuka 
Saio. and Germany’s Tanya Szewc- 
zenko have been improving so fast 
that they could easily turn in med- 
al-winning performances. 

"It will all depend on who misses 
a jump." Gailbaguet said. “This is 
one or the most tightly-bunched 
group of skaters I have ever seen." 

The sentimental favorite is clear- 
ly Baiui. a 16 year-old Ukrainian 
from Dnepropetrovsk who charms 
judges and spectators alike with the 
languid moves of a classic balleri- 
na. Abandoned by her father at 2 
and orphaned by the death of her 
mother two years ago. she did not 
even go to the 1992 Albertville 
Games as pan of the Unified Team 
of the Former Soviet Union. But sbe 
has blossomed into an internation- 
al star under the tutelage of her 
coach and guardian. Galina 
Zmievskava. 


1930s who made women's skating a 
glamourous event and later went 
on to a film career. 


But Baiui who has grown nearly 
three inches in the past year, still 
lacks the breathtaking power that 
often becomes the crucial differen- 
tial for judges who arc forced to 
choose between skaters deemed 
equal in artistry. Sbe finished sec- 
ond to Bonaly in the European 


championships because she could 
not duplicate the French skater's 
flurry of seven triple jumps. 

"Oksana knows bow to present 
her program as a pretty package 
with a nice ribbon around it. but 
her star quality alone is not enough 
to win the gold." said a judge who 
witnessed her Copenhagen perfor- 
mance. 

If leaping skills alone could de- 
termine the gold, nobody would be 
able to compete with Bonaly. Born 
in Nice into a family with foots in 
Reunion, a French island in the 
Indian Ocean. Surya was adopted 
at eight months by Georges and 
Suzanne Bonaly. an ecologist and a 
teacher who raised her on a diet of 
Zen Buddhism and macrobiotic 
food. 

Bonaly is the only woman known 
to have landed a quadruple jump in 
practice and may be templed to try 
it in the Olympics if sbe wants to 
clinch a gold. She has won four 
European championships in a row 


skater on ice has increased the phe- 
nomenon of my popularity." 

If Baiui and Bonaly fan short of 
their best, Lu Chen may emerge as 
the darkhoise favorite. A 17-year- 
old student from JiHn in northern 


“Nancy was coming to the hous- 
ing area, and Tonya was owning 
down for the t«»n picture,” said 
Greg Harney, a USOC official 
“They acknovriegcd each other and 
kept moving. Originally, we got 
word that they shook hands, but 
they did not, that I know of. It 
wasn’t & debate. It seemed to break 
the ice." 

The two skaters wfll live in the 


China. Cben has emerged as a trail- dor mito ry m th« athletes ' vfl- 

blazing skating star m a country Jage but on different floors. The 
where there are 1.2 billion people women’s competition begins next 
but only a dozen indoor bating Wednesday. 

^ Baiui she has grown mucb 
taller in the past year and occasion- 


.. Officials, her arrival was preceded 

ling her jumps. Nonetheless, she is Jj. t£P less WmdS 

r ”- “ which were published m a London 




style 


Peggy Fleming’s swan-like 
that won Olympic gold. 

Now working under Ming Zhu 
Li, Cben has shown steady im- 
provement by taking bronze med- 
als in the world championships in 
1992 and 1993 after finishing sixth 
in Albertville. But lately, she has 
been hampered by injuries, notably 
strained ligaments in her right foot, 
that some observers claim may de- 
rive from China's notoriously spar- 
tan training regimen. 


line: “Tonya Loves to Dance 
Round Naiked — She Likes 
Flaunting A Great Body." 

The pictures were apparently 
made from a videotape of Harding 
that had been obtained by a U5. 
television program, “A Current Af- 
fair." The pro gra m was broadcast 
Tuesday night and showed the vid- 
eotape, on which Harding ap- 
peared wearing a wedding dress at 
a Halloween party. At one point, 
she dropped the dress to her waist. 


IhPortlaridy the Pock in Fidl Bellow 


. By Christme Spolar 

Washington Past Service 

PORTLAND, Oregon —The finals in Olympic 
maneuvering, a. sport that involves beSowixtg, 
crouching, backward dashes and record denials, 
began before dawn Tuesday. It was Tonya Time 
tor the last time before lillehaimner.. . 

By 4:30 AAL, The Associated Press had a staff, 
reporter waiting outside .the apartment in. smbur-. 
ban Portland where Harding was staying. 

By 6 AM-, a camera crew from the television 


tabloid show “Hard Copy" and an AP pbotogra- 
hmt staked .out me ticket counter at the 


airport 



Rumors, any and all and the weirder the better, 
seat the packpadring. • . . ^ 

was due at Gate E6. Maybe it s Gate El. 
She’s downstairs. Upstairs. No, she’s safe inside 
United’s Red Carpet .Club. 

Thcpack poshed, turned, charged throughdeo- 
trooic security gates and clambered up the stairs to 
the private waiting area of United Airlines. They 
were met by one unamused attendant, who said: 
‘‘She’s not here. You're going to have to go.” 

7 The truth am but a few minutes later when a 
United customer-service representative agreed 
that the media could be corralled in one comer 
near Gate-Elr Harding would make a statement 
just before sbeJefL 

Within the hoar. Hutting, accompanied by her 


man, were i p amin g thefinoleum around tbeTWA, 
Delta and United Airlines counter*. . 

"Is this part of the Tonya-thon?" asked Mike 
Maiden, a senator waiting for a Bight to Chicago. 
“We’re not gouig on the same plane, arc we?" 

Where was the most cont ro vers i al member of 
the U.S. Olympic team? When would .die arrive? 
When would she leave? Would die talk? 

Harding’s best friends, Stephanie and. John 
Quintero, were spotted wallring into the airport at 
6:45 AM. and boarding a flight fqr Norway. A 
security guard -was overheard whispering into his 

handheld radio that Harding was flying United to 
Seattle and then onto Norway. ' 

The guard couldn't be temptedto tell more. An 
offer of J20 from a photographer working for 
“Hard Copy" was 


lawyer* and a producer for another tabloid news 
show, “Inside Edition,” 


z _ __ before the mob. 

Reporters and cameramen "shouted, jockeyed -for 
space and pommeled Harding with questions she 
never planned for one moment to nnswer. 

Representatives from CNN, ABC NBC CBS, 
The Washington Post, . The NewYork Times, the 
BostotiGIobe, and news services from around the 
world waited hours for these words: 

Tm really excited that Tm able to be able to 
fulfill my dreams and be able -to compete in the 


Olympics And I 
■wetiasTi 


as 


bonny Moe’s performance in the down- 


hill skll was really excited when I heard about it. 

“And 1 just want to thank evemme for their 
support and fin really excited. And, oh, keep 


believing- in me and I want to go there and I'm 
going to win/’ ■ 

• .Yet another 'Olympkmoinent. 


“Everyone is in a state of unbe- “reasonable grounds’! existed to 
lievabOity” said ate Olympic offi- believe that Harding was involved 
rial who asked not to be identified. ~ih^a plot to band KmigaiL The 
“It’s Kke, You’ve gotta be kidding. ' USOC had. scheduled, a disriplm- 
What’s nco?’ ” aiy bearing, and there appeared to 

A week ago, there appeared to be be only raaiginal sentiment for 
little chance that Harding would Harding to re m a in on tbe-team. 


compete in the Games. A 
appointed by the US. Figure] 
ing Association had reported that] 


Will Canada’s Elvis Make a Graceful Landing? 


By Jere Longman 

Ne v York Tima Stmt* 

HA MAR — There will be no 
Elvis impersonators at these Win- 
ter Olympics. No other figure skat- 
er will attempt what Elvis Stqjko 
has planned for his long program: a 
quadruple toe jump — four revolu- 
tions in the air — followed by a 
triple toe jump. 

If he hits the combination, by the 
lime Elvis has left the building it 
could be with a gold medal. 

“I'm going for it.” said Stqjko, 
the Canadian champion. “I want to 
be exciting, to keep everyone on the 
edge of their seat. That’s what sport 
is all about." 

The men’s short program is to be 
skated Thursday evening, and the 
long program on Saturday. The fa- 
vorites are Viktor Petrenko of 
Ukraine, the defending Olympic 
champion; Brian Boitaoo of the 
United States, the 1988 gold med- 
alist, and Kurt Browning of Cana- 
da. the four-time world champion. 
But Stojko upset Browning at the 


Canadian championships, just as 
Scott Davis upset Boitaoo at the 
U.S. championships. The field is 
wide open, and Elvis feds he can be 
the king 

“Boitano has a lot of experi- 
ence." Stojko said. “He’s a good 
technical skater, but the sport has 
changed since his amateur days. 
It's a little more grab-tbe-audiecce 
now. Petrenko has experience, but 
we’ll see ifhe can hold together in 
the long program — if oe doesn’t 
die. Browning has a mixture of ev- 


perfomring daredevil moves on the the guys, and my father wanted me Stqjko said. “It’s been a long 
ice. His long program, full of karate to get into something that would phase." . 
and kung ru movements, is a crib- help me protect myself. It has Fran the beginning, he enjoyed 
ute to Bruce Lee. The music is from grown on me. It gives you mental jumping And be has the scars to 



a great pressure skater. I fed I can 
go head-to-head with these guys. I 
fed 1 have a little more with the 
quad. I have nothing to lose. Tm 
just going to go out and have fun." 

Stojko has already performed 
another rare combination for a fig- 
ure skater he’s a black belt in kara- 
te. and he rides din bikes, perform- 
ing daredevil moves on the trails 
outside Toronto when be is not 


“The Brace Lee Story” soundtrack. 
Stqjko, 21 . has been a black belt for 
five years, in skati n g circles, he is 
known as the terminator. 

“I've seen all of Brace Lee’s mov- 
ies; I even hare some of them on 
tape.” be said. 

His reputation has been that he 
lacks artistry- He is short and thick 
and muscular where others appear 
While everyone 
tripping and stumbling 
Winter Olympics. 
Stqjko stood on his feet and still 
finished seventh. He always comes 
up lacking in comparison to 
Browning, or at least he did until be 
defeated Browning at the Canadian 
championships in January. 

“I'm a different skater than 
Kurt." Stojko said. “I’m my own 
person. I’ve been taking karate for 
1 1 years, and it has helped my skat- 
ing. I was smaller chan the rest of 



A small kid w-imftri Elvis might 
all shook up by the ndghbor- 
' bullies, but it was only his 

skating , not his nam e, that drew 
teasing, Stqjko said. The family is 
of Eastern European descent. His 
father, Steve, sings tenor in a Slove- 
nian band and loved Elvis Presley 
enough to name Us son after him. 
His mother, Irene, was also a loyal 
musical subject of the king. 

“They weren’t Elvis nnts or any- 
thing, but they liked him.” 

When he was only 2ft, Stqjko 
said, he saw a figure skater spin- 
ning cm television and decided that 
was what be wanted to do. His 
parents, who own a landscaping 
company in a Toronto snburbj>ut 
him off until he was S. “They 
thought it was only a phase, 


slammed his face-inlo the ice, drip- 
ping the cartilage in Ids nose and 
opening a gash above his kfi. eye. 

Back flips are not legal inOlym- 
pic-style competitions. So Stqjko 
will stick with the unprecedented 
quadruple toe, triple toe combina- 
tion, four revolutions in the air fol- 
lowed by three revolutions. A toe 
loop is a toe-pick assisted jump in 
which the .skater takes off and 
lands on the same back, outride 
edge of the skate. 

“I always want to challenge my- 
self." be said. “My biggest competi- 
tor is me. I do the combination 
because I can, not because I want 
to win. The most important tiring is 
to slay relaxed and get a good flow. 
When you land the quad correctly, 
(be triple wiQ foOow. 


Her Former husband, Jeff GiUoo- 
Iy, has pleaded gmlty to his involve- 
ment in planning the attack on 
Kerrigan and has said that Haiding 

S ve -the final go-ahead Harding 
s. not been charged ..and has 
maniuuned her innocence, saying 
that she learned only after thri a* 
sault that people dose to her had 
beeninvdved 

After sbe filed a S25 nrillron law- 
suit against the USOC, ;■.* judge 
urged the two sides to Settle the 
dispute; She agreed 'to drop the 
suit, and the USOC canceled the 
disciplinary bearing , allowing her 
to participate in the Olympics. ' 
The practice ^ Thursday afternoon 
wito . Kerrigan promises to be tense, 
Even before Kerrigm was dabbed,, 
she and Hazdmg were rivals, not 
friends. Kerrigan won the bronze 
medal at the 1992 Olympics, while 

» finished fourth. Harding 
that she would Iflce to hug 
tCerrrg mi , but Kerrigan's coaches 
said Wednesday that Harding had 
better keepber distance. 

“Nancy says she doesn’t want to 
be involved with her in any way, 
and we agree,” said Ecy Scotvold,. 



would be totally inappropriate to 
have any contact or oommunica- 


.tiori with her. There, won’t be any.” 
/ Haiding has been wanted by the 
US. skating body not to “play any 
Hides,” .including . attempting . to 
hog Kerrigan, Scotvold said! 

“I wouldn't try to do that if f was 
her," he said, “f don’t think she’ll 
try. Just because Nancy is silent, it 
doestftnican she’s weak. She’s very 
strong, physically and. emothmal- 
ty” •...■■• 

Skating in the same practice 
group as Kerrigan and Harding is 
lily Lyoonjnng Lee, who skates for 
South Korea. Until now, sbe has 
skated alone with Kerrigan, as oth- 
’ er competitor in the group had not 
yet arrived. The media attention 
has unnerved her at times. Once, 
Lee broke down crying after a frus- 
trating workout. - 

“I was checking out all tfae me- 
dia, and it was like 5,000 media and 
the two of us, and Tm saying, *Oh 
God, this i$ kind of mtimidating,' ” 
sbe said. “I sat down with my coach 
and we focused and it was OK. 
And now Tonya’s here.’’ 

The president of the Korean 
skating federation asked Lee to 
serve as peacemaker between Har- 
ding and Kenjgah. 

“I don't know what’s going to 
lumpen when we all come togeth- 
er, she added- T hope they break 
the ice and the tension goes away 
and ire can practice normally.” 

' ■ And how w31 Lee greet Harding? 

“When I see people I havem’t 
seen for a long time. I nog them and 
say heflo," Lee said. “Even if there 
isn’t a hng-frpm Nancy, there will 
be a hug from Lity.” 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TMBUME, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY Ii T 1994 


Page 19 





WXt/ J. ky . . W.H £I2§ » '«u Sr* . * &vc " 

New U.S. Surprises: Koss Skates to 2d Gold, Sets 2d World Record 

- Thjr%f *%**■§■' . — - . « amr t . ..±2 £Z IVLv»*»«/iv dlGGTS ItS OWTl 





• ! > 
i r ; 


By Angus Phillips 

W'ajArogfw? Pan Servicv 


ding 


Next to last of the W finalists, the 
Washington Pan Service Frenchman crossed the Imeiri 23.19 

LILLEHAMMHR — Each day seconds but looked up mtlKscore- 
brings anew surprise from theUS. board to s« be was second «>Sbi»- 

• - w ^ QnV m 9 * nla«m(> TV* DiiaMM hftii Jh Ufl 


Olympic team, bn Wednesday, h 
came on ihe mogul booms, ns- the 
defending Olympic champion. 
Donna Weanbrechl, with ax gold 
medals and a . sifter in the seven 
World Cup events this year, 
ped in freestyle skih^ 
jt an American newcomer, Liz 


pletsov. The Russian had 26.90 
■paints and Grospiron had 26.64. 

Brassard was last to go and ap- 
peared in total cootroL Four of the 
style judges gave him maximum 
scores of 5.00 and he landed his 
without a hint of a stumble 


But an American newcomer, Liz aiS scored 27.24 despite a modest 
McIntyre, rose to replace her with a un* of 24.53 seconds, 
silver-medal run, as Norway’s Stme ■ 7 ■ . , 

Lise Hattesiad captured die gold- Disappointment ran d rep tor 
— ■ ■* * " Weinbrecht, who rallied from a 

near-crippl'in g knee injury to retake 
top spot m her spoil. In November 
1992, the reigning Olympic gold 
medalist tore the anterior cruciate 
ligament and the muuscus in her 
right knee and fractured t he tibi a 
when she lahded a jump awkwardly 
in tr aining in Colorado. _ 

This year she roared back with 
six straight victories in her Gist six 
events, men was second to Ha ties- 
tad two weeks ago in Salem. Swe- 
den. But something snapped be- 
tween then and now, and it was 
obvious to her teammates. 


Elizaveta Kojevnikova of Russia, 
ihe 1992 after medalist,- won the 
bronze, . 

In the men's final, Edgar Gro- 
spiron of France was another 
Olympic champion to fall, finish- 
ing tiuxd behind Canada's Jean- 
Luc Brassard and the silver medal- 
ist, Sergei Shoupletsov of Russia. 

An athlete's eyes often betray 
what is coming. And Weinbrecht 
wore a'worried took even as she 
boarded the lift to the starting gate, 
and she knew iL too. - - 

“I’ve been fighting it,” said the 
top woman freestyle skier in histo- 
iy, who stumbled briefly Tuesday 
in the elimination round. “It’s one 


jn'ihe elimination roond. “It’s one 
of those things when you’re just off- “M* w%Sorid 

this crairse.1 think Shad a cold. She wasn’t happy 

today. It's a difficult time fra her. 

"I have to look back on my ac- 
com plishment s.'* said-WeinbrechL 
“I’ve won 30 Worid Cups. 1 don’t 
think I’ve been off die podium 11 
times in my six-year career. 1 have a 
gpld medal and I've been a champi- 
on. It’s all right, t wish things could 

w»r Vmf it insl didn't 


UI19 1A.UJ |7U| M - 

have shredded it like I had 

But when it counted, it was like an 
out-of-body experience.” 

Freestyle skier* are judged on 
speed, technique down the steep, 
bumpy course and two aerial 
jumps. Only 25 percent of the 
marks are awarded for times over 
the 223-meter (243-yard) Olympic 
course; with 25 percent jndgjed fra 

-i- ... ■ ■ ..A 





'&%! >' ,i • • ft ' - ' iSfiV, . •. ;••••' 


oil uaou us»u » "“"tr " , 

— r . have gone better, but it just dtdn l 

performance during two irick happen and FU have to be a cham- 


-> 


performance during two mes happen ano 1 11 navc« 
jumps and the rest fra overall style pion without the gold. 1 
down the course’s 50-odd bumps. 

Weinbrecht. who had radical 

knee surgery last year, scored worst 

in the 16 -woman field for her pe- 
destrian jumps, then scrambled to 
overcome a slip near the bottom. 

The flubs left her seventh in the 1 6- 
woman field. 

Those woes opened the way for 
Hattesiad to rouse the partisan 
crowd of 20iW(L y '■ 

Hatlestad. the only woman to 
beat Wdnbrecht on the World Cup 
lour this year, sent clouds of sncrw 
flying on heir thundering run and . 
landed two difficult jumps — a 
“coSsack" at the top and a twister- : 
spread bdow. McIntyre followed . 
with a daffy twister (named fra the 
cartoon character Daffy Duck) and 
a double twister on ihe bottom. 

McIntyre and Hattesiad later 1 de- 
fended the oft-derided sport, whidi 
is accompanied by. loud rods musc- 
How gpofy is freestyle, with a 
rumbling beat and maneuvers 
named after comic-book charac- 
ter^ Not goofy, they msst«L 
“There are people in life who 
find almost anything ridBculoos, 
said McIntyre, a. former college 
score r player who said she never 
notices the rode beat that accompa- 
nies her runs. “We’re serious ath- 
letes. we train hard and we take 
what we do seriously." ' __ 

Hattesiad, asked if mogul-jump- 
ing was a real sport, sakfc- 1-oon.t 
suppose you would be here u tt 
wasn’t If you don’t think so, you 
could leave." ■ 

Like Weinbrecht. Grospiron 
won his titte when freestyle doing 
was introduced to the Olympics at 
Albertville in 1991 




By George Vecsey 

New York Tuna Service 

HA MAR — First Johann Olav 
Koss set a world record in speed 
skating. Then he was awarded bis 
second gold medal erf the Winter 
Olympic Games. And then he gave 
his bonus money to charity. 
225,000 Norwegian kroner, or 
roughly $30,000. 

It was an absolutely golden day 
for the Norwegian skater. A human 
wave of noise and his own sturdy 
frame propelled him around the 
Viking Ship arena in l minute. 
51.29 seconds, fully 0.31 of a sec- 
ond faster than any human had 
ever skated 1.500 meters. And after 
selling his record on Wednesday. 
Koss conducted himself with digni- 
ty and good humor. 

' When his record and his gold 
medal were secure over the two 
closest finishers. Rinye Ritstna and 
Falko Zandstra of the Netherlands, 
they flanked him at a news confer- 
ence, and they made their remarks 
in English, itself a remarkable per- 

J - ".v... - ■ -- «b— formance in front of language-cbaJ- 

.* : M- lenged Americans. 

But that wasn’t the best part, 
-i = v - ■!&’::* ■: << Koss announced that he was donat- 

- _ii t.’ ->1 k.tnur mrtnw 


tVUJJ iiUUU Wil HW 

ing all his national bonus money 
from these Games to Olympic Aid, 
the Norwegian charity that has 
forged a link with the tragic sister 
Olympic city of Sarajevo. 

Usually when athletes arc linked 
with a charity, there is a phalanx erf 
press agents and a flutter of pre- 
pared statements — the stale whiff 
of public relations in the air — but 
Koss’s remarks seemed to come 
from a 25 -year-dcrs heart that is 

wise and generous and spontaneous. 

“I will say that I am asking each 
Norwegian person to give 10 kro- 
ner for each Norwegian gold med- 
al” Koss said, and the scruffy lot 
of European and American report- 
ers actually applauded him. 


Sfifiv Tif \iSA-ulod Pros 


Italy’s Weissensteiner 
Reaps Bravery’s Reward 
In the Women’s Luge 

. ... t 


Bv Christopher Clarey 

Me w York Times Service 
ULLEHAMMER — The last 
time an Italian woman won an 
Olympic gold medal in luge^was 
1968, and tl 


pic never even get to the Olympics. 
She said, ’You’ve been three umes. 
You've carried the flag for your 
country in the opening ceremonies. 
You’ve been very fortunate. I 



Jean-Lac 


'» ' ■ lor"; 


. piU, Dgm/Dr AMKUUcd ft™ 

k’ jump that helped him win the men’s freestyle mogak skmg goH mendflL 


CfwpiJtf *«■ Oar Staff Fnm Depitthn 


don near the foot erf the course 
would be known as the Tommy 
of ^ChmnAKtajtalhM-swIwe 
Uthuamatau bo^favorite food as he catches his srimoa 
“motbo’s cookies." ber fsvontt • A lad in Ins ffnes: C3oi /ut 
drink as champagne and ber favor- Jensen has no need to search tor 
ite music as organ muse. * literary inspiration whe n ne roes 

Uros Vdepec. a biathlete from Olympic stories for his newspaper 


Slovenia, on the other hand, lists inWibernN 
his ravorite food as 
vorite drink as “beer, no alcohoT 

and favorite music as Cher. . • 

As for ski jinnt«r 
nev, a 22 -year-old army officer 


He’s living m the borne of the 
late Sigrid Unset the Nobdftize- 
winhing author, in the. middle of 
CHympk Park, and even using Un- 


Kazatowtan. he lists his favor- jeosen’s grandfather was Gp«ts ^1^ ... 

i^as Coca-Cola, Michael Jackson cousin, and the house is still ro the X •. 

5 -hen.” ... 


/ 


AnS a choice that is not whal Jeisen has mother edge on ^e 
one might caD daring, under favra- competition. Sraneti^, te ran 
Ruihong Xue. a jspesd jusi jit around the bouse and wait 
skatrafrotn cK lists: “Chinese J for the digm tones to come totam. 
skater from i-mna. j^y have askedto visit the borne, 

^ Icslao _ - whEb is undianged from Unsets. 
• More on food: raxt resuin- ^ this century, 

rants and bare m the liMtanmoer F urt h f mne,inilKrrooinncxrto 

Jansen, is Oyvrnd Bjorason. great- 

srandsoQ of .Bjoistjeriie Bjornsw, 
another Nobel winMr who Mb 

Ljlhdjaxmner. 

• The tongshoi: the number ^ 

narions i»mpeti»g 
w 67 on Sunday when wiflt.lbe 
arrival of the Mon^trteom - 
“ - gat 


area are respecong the price fiwae 

imposed 

. soSemghtclubs have jacked up en- 
trance charges. - ' v 

The state-iun pnee watdi 

which has 15 inspccKst for 
cafes, hotels, bare and restaurants 

m the region, said that, apart Trom 

ranis have raised prices. • ^^43^124, was told Feb. 4 >y ; 

• And food fra th^:To^ the.fctenrati^ 

Moe is not only d* 6 first U.S. wtnk he was traimng m ^tmafly, 

SfiSfers^l 

Seafood Marketing fex infonning him 

which gave him S50.-000 tast.ywto- ^ wbSdbe.a pb« ® 
iw produ«sand wearw*;, Jw Games.’ He bocirfa b<iet^ 
j^jlpgoscn Mijba^v Hdsfe fc l and setdffaggm.. ; 

ranleuecks while sknng. So^ m » r iiiphamm er orputiziws^ate 

vou were woodeiMj. ««“■' 811 thor^ ^ Mmtoyees.-w *we 

Juaska satacm on Moesbcad. urgmg Vjih. ie ^bi- 


AMsJca sahn^ on mSrarefhDy — 44 offidrfs vdu- 
Moe is totove ^ ^ i 


P- 


^ m aca- 

t jmads so^far^ , wiflt . 

ter turn iraiwuifr^' neoilo'sjimtly Ban?- - - V-' : . r- 

umph there ® » sec- •• -^1®. Reuiers. AFPj ; 

director; Sveiii MtmdaL said a • . • . } . •• . „ v . 



the only reason Erica 
Lecturer took home the title was 
that officials disqualified the East 
Goman winner for illegally heal- 
ing the runners of her sled. 

Twenty-six years later. Gerda 
Weissensteiner needed no help 
from anyone to put her nation back 
atop the Olytmnc podium . 

After breaking the track record 
and recording the fastest umes in 
the first two women’s singles runs 
on Tuesday. Weissensteiner 
shrugged off a bad night's sleep 
and dominated the field again, re- 
cording the fastest limes in 
Wednesdays final two runs. 

The 0.759 of a second that ended 
up separating her from silver med- 
alist Sum Erdmann of Germany 
might not sound like much to a 
layman without a stopwatch, but in 
the fast-twitch world of luge, 0.759 
qualifies os a rouL 

“We could all learn from 
Gerda.” said bronze medalist An- 
drea Tagwerfcer of Austria. May- 
be if we do. we can make it closer 
next time." 

Weissensieiner’s resounding vic- 
tory was hardly a bolt from the 

; bliie. At the 1992 Winter Olympics, 

only two months removed from 
uuuor knee surgery, she finished a 
remarkable fourth. Last year, she 
woo the world championship in 
Calgary. 

“As soon as 1 finished fourth in 
■ Albertville. 1 was determined to get 
‘ a medal in Lflkhammer, said Weis- 
senstetner. 25. “I trained every day 
during the summer. I trained nice 

crazy'. Every day in my imnd there w luu , , _ 

. was just one thing; to go raster and hamJ0CT has been attributed to the 
faster so 1 could win theOlympics. hirj of vvalier Jentszch. the for- 
•; It’s the speed that l fike. m er head coach of the enormously 

Weissensteiner. who likes to nde SUCC esst'ul East Gennan luge ttim. 

r moiocross bikes and horses when 5UCt ^ 

she is not hurtling down icy tracks 
; at 5f) mph (80 kpbL has a reputa- 
tion for taking enormous risks on 
her sled. 

“Il is difficult for me to watch 
her sometimes,” admitted Brigitte 
Fink, the technical director of the 
Italian team. 

While most lugers occasionally 
lift their helraeted heads to sneak a 
peek at the dangerous icy turns 
awaiting them and avoid steering 
blind. Wrissensteiner prefere to 
keep ber head down and minimize 
wind resistance. 

“It takes some courage to uo it 
this way, but we are all working on 
it." Tagwerker said. 

Meanwhile, the Amen can team 
wfl] have to continue working on 
winning its first Olympic luge nwd- 
aL Cammv Myler. who finished 
fifth in 1992 and won the last 
World Cup race before these 
games, could do no better than 
lUh and finished a whopping 2 
seconds behind Weissenstemer s 
aggregate lime of 3:15.517. 

“I was definitely hoping for a 
better performance bet, but it's all 
part of sport." said Myler, who 


He beard other applause on this 
day. Koss had turned in aworid 
record on Sunday in the 5,000 me- 
ters, which is more his distance. He 
does not fancy himself as a short- 
distance man, but he said he en- 
tered the 1.500 because “wehave a 

nice cold war with the Nether- 
lands." In fact, il is a grand tradi- 
tion of speed skating compel non 
between the two nauons. Still, he 
said, he fullv expected Zandstra 
and Rilsma to beat him Wednes- 

^*Bui there is no accounting for the 
good vibrations at work in this tiny 
country in these glorious 1 6 days of 
the XVII Winter Games. This is a 
grand time for Norway, even if Ed- 
vard Munch’s “The Scream" was 
stolen from the National An Muse- 
um Iasi weekend. 

Nobody was stealing tms gold 
medal from Johann Olav Koss, the 
pre-med student who is the son erf 
two doctors, whose own surgeon 
mother removed his pancreas in 
1992, before he went cm to win a 
gold medal in the 1.500 at Albert- 
ville. Norway is behind this skater. 

Its sons and daughters packed the 
bright and joyous Viking Ship on 
Wednesday, waving flags, chant- 
ing. wearing fan-dub outfits. 

Koss was skating a warmup lap 
when the first pair was due to start. 
The crowd cheered him, and be 
gave a waggle of his hand, telling 
them to chill out so the other skat- 
ers could hear the start. Of course, 
he was obeyed. This is Norway, 
where manners still exist. 

The native son was skating in the 
second pair, under the rules of 
speed skating that get the best per- 
formers done early. He lined up. 
and fell the surge of energy. "1 was 
nervous all day. but I fell better at 
the start," he said later. “1 was able 
to hit the curves. 1 was able to relax 
in the midle and then 1 really hit it 
in the last 300 meters." 

He was asked if the crowd’s roar 
— a vocal version of the wave — 
had propelled him. Making eye 
contact with the questioner, he 
asked politely in English. “Didn't 
you hear them?" Yes, of course, but 
what is it like to be on the ice and 
have the crowd roaring? “They 
really help you. You say. ‘Oh. this 
is really going fast.’" 

The crowd roared for his world- 
record time and cheered his vic- 
tory lap. Then be donned a micro- 
phone and power pack and did 
some commentary for Norwegian 
radio while he skated another lap. 
hut he quieted the fans again as his 


UHin , . , , 

thought about what she said, and 
she’s right." . 

Bethany Calcaterra-McMahon, 
a 19-year-old American competing 
in her first Olympics, finished one 

WiK»p 12 BiTAftS 

finisiCCalcaterra-McMahoa said, limes in this new hall «riy ' 

“nS time. I’ll be a little older, a the 


competitors warmed op. Zandstra 
went fifth and tore off a 1:5— 38. 
and then Ritstna went sixth and 
finished in 1:51.99. only 0.39 of a 
second behind his world record. 


little more experienced. 

It is unclear whether the Ameri- 
cans will still have to contend with 
Weissensieiner. who like many resi- 
dents of Italy’s Sudtyrol region and 
2? of ihe 28 people to win Olympic 
gold in luge, grew up speaking Ger- 
man around the bouse. 

“1 only speak one foreign lan- 
guage, i* Italian." joked Weis- 
sensieiner. who was raised with ha 
ihree older sisters and four younger 
brothers on a small family farm in 
the mountains near Bolzano. 

“Everywhere I look at home, l 
have a beautiful view." she sterner 
said. “I like to say that I own the 
mountains." 

What Italy does not own is an 
all-weather luge track, a remark- 
able state of affairs in light of wcis- 
sensteiner's gold and countryman 
Arm in Zoggeier’s bronzein the 
men’s singles on Monday. The Ital- 
ians also have two doubles teams 
capable of winning medals later 
this week. 

“Our federation pays a lot 01 
money for us to train all °vct me 
world, except .America, which is too 
far away," said Fink whose charges 
prepared for these games on the 
1992 Olympic track in La Plagne. 
France.' . 

Some of Italy s success in ulte- 


success! Ill tasi uenmui ■» 
who has worked extensively with 
Wrissensteiner and others as a 
technical advisor. But Weissen- 
striner is clearly wary of giving too 
much credit to anyone. 

“I have several coaches and I need 
them all because I must be one of 
the difficult athletes to work with on 
the team." Weissensteiner said. 


has gone indoors in a few modern 
arenas in the past decade. 

The Americans skated much lat- 
er. and finished much slower, than 
:he Ncrwegun- Dutch ri\al> David 
Tambumnu pumped his nst tor a 
personal best of 1:55.78. good 
enough for a tie for 22d. Brian 
Wanek was disappointed with his 
1*47.09. onlv 32d. Nathaniel Mills 
finished in 1:58.43. in 37th place 
And K.C. Boutieite — who started 
speed skating only in November, 
after taking some time off from in- 
line skating, or rollerblading —fin- 
ished 39lh in 2:00.59. 

“My first Olympics out or the 
way" the 23-year-old Boutieite 
said, making it sound easy. 

It's not even easy at the level of 
Koss. who doubts "he will be com- 
peting in 1998. His doctor- parents 
expect him to get back to his pre- 
med studies one of these yeart. This 
doesn’t leave much time for his 
favorite hobby, listed in the Olym- 
pic directory as “riding tame elk.' 
Somebody asked Koss about this. 

“If you give me a lame eik. I will 
ride iu" Koss said, and nobody 
doubled him. 

There’s no sense in doubling 
Koss during these Games. He 
skates his signature race, the 10.00U 
meters, on Sunday, and his two 
Dutch pals all but awarded him the 
aid. This is good news for the 
llympic Aid charily. 

His appeal already struck gold. 
While the three amigos were giving 
ihrir news conference, the assem- 
bled journalists were passing 
around a soda cup (biodegradable, 
you mav be sure). The clank of 10- 
kroner coins could be heard 
throughout die land. When a cham- 
pion like Johann Olav Koss says 10 
give, you give. 


Samaranch Tows Sarajevo 
h IOC Slum of 'Solidarity 


The Associaieii Press 
SARAJEVO. Bosnia-Herzcgoyi- 
na — IOC President Juan Antonio 
Samaranch toured war-torn Saraje- 
vo on Wednesday in a show of 
solidarity with the suffoms 
zens of the city that staged the 1984 
Winter Games. 

Samaranch stood on the spot 


“I want to tell then-, they are not 
alone, and that when peace comes 
we will do our best to help them 
with the reconstruction of the 
sports facilities,"* he said. 

“1 came from Ullehammer with 
a message of friendship. 1 remem- 
ber the very successful games here 
maybe we can help them. 


samaranen aioou w “*» y* 1 — . , , , 

where, 1 0 years ago, he helped close Leaving ihe bombed-out Zetra 

the Olympics at Zetra stadium. It complex, w 
■ ^ ... u.niluli .if om'N l-tunt* Tnrvi 


warn* Ifif TSt Axca*** 

'*'i ^ * P^ctice awrirg over ptotognphers’ 


pan w J 

plans to undergo shoulder surgery 
m the offseason and luge on until 
the next Winter Olympics in 1998. 
tt l taiitwi to my mom on the phone 
last night I was very disappointed 
after my first two runs, and I start- 
ed to cty. But my mom told me I 
should think about how many peo- 


the Olympics at zetra siaaium. it complex, where figure skater* 
now looms over hundreds of graves Jayne Torvill and Christopher 

in Sarajevo’s largest makeshift Dean. Katarina Wilt and bcou 
cemetery- formerly a soccer field. 

Armored cars of Malaysian U.N 

Aiivb^rl .in tki 


niuiviwwwv — — j 

peacekeepers were parked on the 
spot where Olympic athletes stood 
at the dosing ceremony. The Zetra 
stadium is now a base for U.N. 
peacekeepers. 

Samaranch said he had a mes- 
sage for the people of Sarajevo. 


Hamilton won gold medals, Samar- 
anch met with Bosnian government 
officials. 

Wearing a flak jacket but no hel- 
met. he arrived two hours behind 
schedule due to freezing winter 
weather that delayed his U.N. 
flight from the Croatian port of 
Split. 


V 


\ 









/ 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1994 


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ART BUCHWALD 

Just a Few 00000000s 


people 



W ASHINGTON — The only 
difference between the elec- 
tronic and print media is the 
00000000s, because after ail they 
both report the same news stories. 
The salary differential is becoming 
wider as the networks make astro- 
nomical bids for their stars. 

At the moment I'm talking about 
Diane Sawyer whose contract with 
ABC is up. Not 
only are CBS. 

NBC. ABC and 
Fox bidding for 
her services, but 
the numbers be- 
ing discussed go 
as high as SI 2 
milli on a year. 

It's getting m 
worse than base- ffif rJr 
ball salaries. „ . . , 

Here’s what’s BucbwaW 
being dangled in front of Diane 
besides the money: 

' CBS is offering her her own show 
following (he eveaing news. 

NBC says that she can replace 
Tom Brokaw when he decides to 
leave. 

Fox Television is offering to turn 
over the entire news department to 
her. including Demi Moore's make- 
up man. 

ABCs final proposition is to give 
her her own hour on the Q VC shop- 
ping channel and let her sell her 
new line of clothes. 

□ 

TV is a heady business compared 
to newspapers’ 

Let’s say that Diane worked for 
the Washington Bugle, and her 
contract was coming to an end. 
This is the way that the negotia- 
tions would go. 

Diane walks into the editor's of- 
fice with her business manager. 
Louie, who is also her brother-in- 
law. 

“Diane, your contract is up Tor 
renewal We’ re offering you $500 
more per year and a higher number 
in the cloakroom.” 


French Orchestra Toot 

Agence France-Prtssc 

PARIS — The Onrhestre Na- 
tional de France is celebrating its 
60th anniversary this year with a 
tour to five countries. The orches- 
tra will perform Friday in London 
before going to the United States 
for 12 concerts. 


Europe 


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Louie says. “No way. Kane is a 
star. The Arlington Herald, the 
Chevy Chase Voice and the Pimlico 
Tunes want her," 

“Wait, there's more. If Diane 
signs with us she will get to cover 
the courthouse, the city budget and 
the snow-removal departments." 

“Diane wants her own column 
and she wants to be on Page One 
every day. The Arlington paper 
also offered her a parking place 
with her name on it.” 

“We have a policy not to put 
reporter' s names on parking spots 
in case they take a buyout But we'll 
give Diane a platinum time card 
when she punches in for work." 

“I don't think you realize what’s 
at stake here. The Pimlico Times is 
proposing to give Diane a 30 per- 
cent discount on all her meals in 
the cafeteria. We don’t want Diane 
to leave the Bugle, but knocking off 
30 percent on meatless lasagna is a 
big deal as far as we're concerned.” 


“Diane, we want you and we'll 
do anything to keep you. What do 
you want?” 

“I’d tike a better chair in front of 
my computer. The one I have now 
gives me backaches.” 

“HI take it up with the board of 
directors. It’s not my decision, but 
I'm certain that they will approve.” 
Diane says. “I don’t think that a 
5500-a-year increase in my salary is 
enough" Mary McGrury' makes a 
lot more.” 

“Diane, monry isn’t everything. 
Happiness is. And when we want to 
keep a reporter we make sure that 
that person is happy. Suppose we 
let you make personal calls to Mike 
Nichols from your own phone to let 
him know that you won’t be home 
in time to make dinner, even 
though it’s against company poli- 
cy?" 

“I’d like that I usually have to 
use the pay phone on the street 
comer when I want (o call Mike.” 
Diane's manager says. “Let's 
knock off the garbage and talk 
about something that really counts 
— money. How- much money are 
we going to get?" 

"We can go to $800 a year.” 
“Diane’s a top reporter. We want 
$900 or we don’t sign.” 

“This is a dangerous precedent. 
No print journalist has ever gotten 
a S900-a-year raise. You'd think 
that Diane was on television." 


For Joseph Heller, It’s Finally Catch-23 


By Sarah Lyall 

Sen- York Times Semce 

N EW YORK — Thirty-three years af- 
ter completing “Catch-22.” the novel 
whose title became an enduring pan of the 
lexicon and whose bitter satire helped 
change America’s view of war, Joseph 
Heller has written a sequel that promises 
to reveal whal has become of characters 
like Yossarian and Mile Minder binder. 

Last week, Heller delivered the complet- 
ed manuscript of the book, “dosing 
Time.” ro his publisher, Simon & Schus- 
ter; it should be on sale in the fall. 

The new novel is more a follow-up - to 
“Catch- 22” than it is a conventional se- 
quel Heller stud is an interview. It doesn’t 
pick up directly where “Catch-22” left off. 
somewhere in' the Mediterranean in the 
last months of World War U. but instead 
is set in New York in the present. 

Milo Minderbinder, the calculating mess 
officer and black-market manipulator, has 
metamorphosed into a defense contractor 
and megamogul who has a building named 
after him at Rockefeller Center. 

Yossarian. the cynical bombardier who 
spent World War H trying to get out of 
flying any more missions, has married 
twice, worked as a teacher, an advertising 
executive and a failed screenwriter, and 
finally become a business and public rela- 
tions consultant. 

“The book and its title come directly 
from my stage in my career and my stage in 
life.” said Heller, speaking by telephone 
from his bouse in East Hampton, New 
York. “It occurred to me that it might be a 
good idea to write about some of the char- 
acters of “Catch-22.' blend them in with a 
number of new characters and infuse it with 
my new experiences since World War IL” 
It is highly unusual for an author, after so 
many years, to write a sequel to a novel that 
has become an undisputed classic Heller's 
editor. Michael Korda, said he was opposed 
to that sort of thing. “I’m against exploita- 
tional sequels where you say. “Let's hire 
somebody to write a book saying what 
happens to Natasha after ‘War and Peace.’ 
But this is obviously different. And it's an 
autobiographical coo tin nation. Just the 
way that Yossarian was recognizably Joe 
Heiler in “Catch-22.' Yossarian is recogniz- 
ably Joe Heller today.” 

Of course, as much as Heller might deny 
iL the success of “Catch-22” puts an ex- 
traordinary burden on this new book. For 
one thing, readers might have their own 
ideas about the characters’ future — or 
they might prefer them the way they were 
before, frozen in time and place. 

“There’s a vast group of people of all 
ages for whom ‘Catch-22’ is one of the 
most significant books of their lives, and 
they're going to be very interested in how 
Joe has dealt with his characters.” said 


WEATHER 


Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Wealher. 




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Robert Gottlieb, the former editor in chief 
of .Alfred A. Knopf, who, as a young editor 
at Simon & Schuster in 1961, edited 
“Catch-22.” 

To Gottlieb and Korda, the book repre- 
sented a generational changing of the 
guard. Originally called “Catcb-18” (the 
name was cnanged, Gottlieb said, because 
Leon Uris was publishing a bode called 
“Mila 18” that year), the book separated 
the older editors from the younger ones al 
the publisher — and, to some extent, the 
older readers from the younger readers. 

“Tt put down the conventional view of 
war.” Korda said. “It represented for crit- 
ics and reviewers and the public a passage 
to a much more radical view of the second 
world war, and in a sense that presaged 
people's opinions about Vietnam.” 

Although “Catcb-22” never made it 


onto the New York Times bestrselkr lisi, it 
has sold more than 10 million copies in 

^^l^iDon & Schuster said. 

The book’s title also, became synony- 
mous with Mobius-strip government regu- 
lation, bureaucracy so convoluted as to be 
self-contradictory. 

The “Catch-22” in the book refers to the 
Air Force's policy of exempting fighter 
pilots from work on medical grounds. Pi- 
lots could be exempted if they pleaded 
insanity, but anyone who wanted to avoid 
combat duty must have been sane: Ergo, 
Yossarian had to keep flying. 

Heller said that “Closing Time” re- 
ferred to the pasting of an era, the dying 
off of a whole generation of World War u 
veterans, as wdl as the end of a century 
and of a millennium. 

“ft’s a very apt title for me and for the 


characters in the book,” said HeBoc, who* 
will be 7! in May. He said he had been in 
fine health since recovering several yean 
ago from Gutflain-Barrfe syndrome^ *ue»- 
rdogical disorder. (He ebratiided his 
struggles with the tDness in “No L ahg h mg 
Matter,” winch he wrote with his fpend 
Speed Yogd). .... 

“The pressure on this novd was to write 
one that would undoubtedly relate to 
‘Catcb-22’ without being a copy of it,* he 
«iH 

Korda, who has helped Heller tiatii and 
trim a 1.100-page, manuscript to a mike 
manageab le one of 60(VpIuS p3gt&,said 
that the new novel came at acrurial poire 
in Heller's career. 

“It’s a book that he’s been waiting to 
write for many years,” he said. “Ithdnriy 
a book that hie couldn’t have written until 
he reached a certain age.”' 


WEEKEND SKI REPORT 


Today To* 

Bgb la> « wgh 
at or at 

34.YJ SJC.73 a. 34*3 
14/5’ J7J7 * 12.53 

IBM IB BI t 19*56 
32*1 3T7J s 33.11 
24V5 11.52 5 24 75 
9. 13 5 24 5 £ *C 

12 *3 13* , 1152 

24T5 ttt SMM 
190; 14.37 tf. 21.7X1 
6.43 3 27 be -J 4B 


^ a 



Geanfflchad Jackson 

- A jury has ruled that Michael 
Jackson did opt steal the hit song 
“Dangerous” from r Denver song- 
writer Crystal Catier,, who had 
sued him far copyright infringe 
meat Jackson testififed Monray 

the how 

be created the song. - : 

: - ‘ ’ 

. • The Bee Gees cancded a Euro- 
pean tour scheduled for April after' 


haying heart problems, a spokes- 
man for the pop group said The 
exact nature or seriousness of. 
Gibb’s complaint, will ..not be 
lcoown until fee results of tests in 
.-Mimm am revealed. I 


“Schmdler’s List,” Steven Spid- 

berg’s acclaimed Holocaust drama, 
led tire nmnmations fern the Brit- 
ish Academy of- Film and Tetevi- 
sioa Aits with 13. The winners will 
be announced April 24 in London. 

• • . □ 

deny Garda, 51, lead guitarist 
for the Grateful Dead, married 
. Deborah Boons, a California 51m- 
pptiex - jn her 40s, on .Valentine's 
Day in SaumliuY \ California, his 
publicist said. There was no rock ■ 
nmtic al the private ceremony. In- 
stead. musicians performed a 12lh- 
ceqtuiy Gregorian piece. 

• _ ’• 

AnlntersectionintbeEastVil- 
lagp is getting a new name in honor 
otmfl the late impresario 

who for 25 years was a central fig- 
ure m the world of rock. V rdL The 
tile was thelocation of the FtSmore 
£ast» the theater where m the.late 
: 1960s fans padred in to hear baijds 
jsudras Tire Who, the GnfeU 
Dead, The Doora and the AOnan 
. Brothers. Graham was lolled in 
1991 in a beficopter crash at the age 
of 60. 

• .7 □. .. 

with HnnramlF T^^rrity^ ^nnitfll 


with Harvard Umvemty^ annual 
Hasty Pudding award. *Tm flat- 
tered, I Brink,” said Ryan. “Some- 
day I hope' somebody tdb me a- 
actiy what I did to deserve this” J 

BVXERNAIIOIVAL 

CLASSIFIED 

- Appears on Pages 4 ~& II 


DafOb lb Dm. Snow 
L UPMN PMm SMa 


Pas dfl la Casa 160 310 Good Open Pwdr 2/14 flasorr ttfyapon, o«*flenfsJ*w 
Soidau 13021 s Gooe Open Pwdr 2/14 gwag*^gggigrafglg M lgg : 


i dhwxmatty 
CoM 


'JriscMSoruHt 


North America 

Mfld a a *rtl surge nacitwHSi- 
ward through the Plains to 
Ihe Nonheasl Irom Friday 
Into I ha weekend Sunshine 
Irom Philadelphia 10 Boston 
will mell snow each day 
Horn will soaK ihe West 
Coast while showers -md 
1hurdc-rslom« i">l bie.il oul 
over rho mirlsc. non ol the 
ral-m 

Middle East 


Europe 

Cold weather will commuo 
late this week across Scan- 
dwnna and northern Russia. 
Frankfurt through Borin will 
also have cold wealhei. 
along wilh a tew snon flui- 
nes London and Pans will 
bt mainly dry and chilly 
Heav-/ ra.rs wiD a>v> xomh- 
im l;a*-, mo Gif -?cc. 
mg^ihero 


Asia 

Dry. road weather v.iH prev li 
Irom Bei|ing to Seoul late 
this week. Tokyo wil be diy 
and seasonable Friday The 
weekerrl ««a be rraWer with 
ine chance lor rain Rain 
Vcrw the southeastern cent 
o! Crara sml spread nortn 
ward ic "’ll Shi-jm 

y ».1 1 ,-k-I B.U'TV- --i 

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Oceania 

aotk'jM 2271 17TJ I 22 71 14-T7 . 

S/SP-y .I - . '9 pc 24-75 17 52 p. 


Law W Low » 

or at of at 

Bom 17 52 1'4h . 1-Jflt '3 55 IX 

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Civnxr.-. '3S5 I 34 s 7 J4 

kncJ*rm 1457 -.43 1 1752 ■ ** p: 

In,-, 27-ai 4-3fl 1 "31.68 12-53 tr 

fin*# 2? 73 15-50 s 25*7 ) « r«- 


Lati n America 

Today Tomowuw 

High Low T/ High Law <0 

at or at at 

21 “i 'Vi' i I-"’ 

C.ihy.1, .-..-w 24 -r :r 23 84 S :r 
25-T- 7170 -e :< 

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kyr 14437 9-48 1 l'i-51 9.48 BC 

CoeTowr. 24.75 1B*4 K 77 Aj 14/S7 DC 

C7n«4jrxo 15 50 7.44 K 19X4 9.« pc 

Harare 22/71 6 '43 pc 23«4 8746 pc 

Laps 32 US 24.7S t 33-5' 2S.-7V pc 

Nwt-» 2S79 10-50 pc 29-82 13.56 pc 

T*,-, 1B« 8 46 ui 16-61 6-43 pc 

North America 

*ThU!>« j;i 13 a s -3-27-IV3 pt 
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crom. 11 S. Sj. rc 14 57 i:*- v. 

: lev 3J- , 14.57 ( 22 c 

D»i>P« 9 '48 -131 pc 11.52 7.3S pc 

M7T I-*-**. . J7.-SO 19te pc 
Hcirwo 22 71 11-52 5 23.-3 13/56 pc 

ir*a-/jrk«s 1J/J 115.- tf! 15-53 -1-48 pc 

•A4-. 15.77 Cl 70 «h 27/80 22-71 *n 

6 4 3 2 35 V. 6 -Q •3-27 VI 

: vjes... ,-Mh 3-TS —32 pc 

2373 !./•* r 28T-4 '9*6 pc 
>mi ( 4;. IV j 5-4C 0 32 '. 

4»-2-K. .-5 77 12 53 rc 2771 f 46 DC 

S-eiC-,, IJV 6 13 13 55 7 44 '31 

S-,-> II 52 4-: - > m 4 48 4/33 


Auatrta 

fflls IO 55 

Krtzbuhel 60 155 

Saartsach 70150 

Schl edmin g 45 150 

SLAmon 60 300 

Prmnom 

Alpe d'Huez 150 240 

Les Arcs 105 330 

Avorioz 170 210 

Outers® 200 330 

CfwmonK 40 345 

CaurcfteveJ 140 200 

Les Deux A! pea 30 310 
Flame 140 360 

(sola 250 350 

Mfinbel 70190 

La Plagne 150 310 

Serre Chevalier 50165 
TTgnee 140 260 

Vai d lsere 125 3«0 

Val Thorens 140 300 


Good Open Ver 2713 MOMsepan. tm patches do*n 
Good Open Vnr 2/12 63^4 SOs opart superb snow 
Good Open PwcT 2/13 M Ms open ocean* tUng . 
Good Open VSr 2/13 AM78lOaooan.grm 
Good Open Pwdr . 2/14 Af 3S Stts open, uuusB on t sktoQ 

Good Open Vsr 2/16 74JM Us apan. supmt) tUng. 
Good Open Ver 2/14 6S/64 Us opan. wccaUnr sUng 
Good Open Rcfcd 2/10 At 4r stts apin gmi pbm sUng 
Good Open Var 2/10 l VIS Us open, lomfy akSng 
Good Open ver 2/10 41/46 Hts apan. mstant stang 
Good Open Va* 2/14 AS 67 and 9S pb las e non 
Good Open Pwdr 2*15 60/63 Us opan somaharxJpack 
Good Open Vtar 2/15 35/29 Stts apan. stmartt skBng 
Good Open Pwdr 2/15 19*26 Vtocpan fantastic pomlar 
Good Open Var 2r 10 A* 49 «s open. *es«sn»dttrip 
Good Open VW 2/10 Aff 117 Us opan. sipato sktno 
Good Open Ver 2/i« as 77 86s open. gmrpaaSUmg 
Good Open Var 2/11 49/54 Us qpsq an aSe n t sfOng 
Good Open var 2/14 5f/53 Us opan. fraat snow 
Good Open Var 2/10 At 29 Us opan. gram sting . 


Garyfnle - 

Cortina 

C ou n na yeur 

Selva 

- ’fTeati Ifcrra 
vwatnwB 


L -VftalH PHIM Male Snow- - •-■ CiMw aai id e.- - - 
.. 903V, €«*» Open Var 2/lO *k>a Us t**n. goal aUng 
1 25 tar^iocr .CWn Ptsd 2/0 SMIl.dW, gooit Imnfsnom 
115 235 Good end Pc** -2/10 25/27 Us open, matters skiing 
S5 i2Q Good' t3pwi POcd 2M AB 75 Ms qpan, caOa rondfc open 
120250 .Good Vppan.PwW 2/1S AS 21 Us opan. woaler* Mng 


UMtamw . .60 *)- Good Open Petet 2A12 5/8 -Ms gpag-*wy pood 


21/22 Ms sod 96/43 pom open 

Al 16 Ms opan. suporb sUng 
Al 60 Us open grosr sriour 
Al Us and perns apan 
At 33 Bus open.- exceUnt sktng- 
AMBUsopsn. upparskjpasipod 
AM 84 Ms apan. superb gktig 
AS Ka apan, upper stapes «c*i 
AKXUaopan. wondarM Oting 


Baquieraflardt 140260 

Arose ■ 105420 

Grans Montana 40 160 
Davos .95185 

Grtndetwaid ' 301 30 

Gstaad - •' 20: 70. 

StMorttz ’ ’ 90180 

Verfaitr 30360 

Zermatt 65 230 


Var 2/1% 
var 2 / 11 * 
VW 2/11 
var 2/15 
Var 2/10 
War - 2 /H 
var 2/14 
var 2/10 


Camiany 

Garmisch 

ObersMori 


Legend, i-su/w; cc-p-wt; riaislv c ■•*>•'.', renvafn jWi . ryn -.'--mi 

m-3K>w. i-nu-. lV-W<uirw( All maps, loncxsli and data pnvnfcd by Aca; WcJlher. tix. 1SS4 


20 255 Good Open Vm 2/\Z 33^8 Us apan. asoaMatS Umg 

35 300 Good Open Var 2/13 AM Z7 Us apan , nxcsMen sttng 

20 135 Good Open PCKd 2/11 1Sn7Ua apan. good pamUmg 


A *P«n 

Bmckenrtdge 
Keystone - 
Mammoth 
Park Cttr 
Steamboat 
TeHurUe . 
van 

Kay I^UiDepOi 


150168 Goad. Open pc » 2/12 AM B Ms apan 
135 170 • Good': Open VSr ‘2/12 78/78 *ri*wi. 
130140 Gooit, apart- A*d 7/12 2/132 Us apan 
105180 G^:Qpem. Pirf 2rtSr SBmUa apan 
iqDt9S .a^gjHL ffftr&l* 1 3 m open - 
130175 Good- Opan Vor.&IZ 19/20. m open 
130 150 GobjSteren.j.Vas 1/IZ Afl IQ Ms apan 
120165 Itedgnopen Vd * 1 2/12 Al 26 Us opan 


In cro on to^antrSi^aicsw^areb W atea -M cain tainirtln psm. Rac 
ang^»as^.y«pj^ArkA»M»saow^ 

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. . AJ^Ac^NumT^- '. : “ 

How to caH^ ^arbtind<feewt»^- . • 

I l.Mng the dun bdov. find [he country arc caflb^&dm. “-S' 1 l""''' 

i OtiJ ihe conv>pondinn ATST Acck» Number. ... , ' V.. . 

4. An .\HfcT English-speaking Opwamr or roiar prompt wB ask k* the phone number you. nidi io caR or connect you to j 
C uwnnier StTilcr npriscnaiirc. ' - - . -.. .... : . ^ - -- ' 

“R> reedve your Cret waHet caul of ABfflt Access Numbers, jost dial thcacctss aumbicr of 
the couairy yotfre in andasfc for Qstomer Service. • 

COtTpOW ACCESS NIBtBEBS . OOWRBY ACCESS NUMBERS , COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBERS 


ASIA /PAGHC . Greece* OIWOO-1511 Bolivia* tWWHUl 


Australia 0014-881-bll Bnngpry* 00««KHUX1X . 


809-1111 ftatj- 


172-1011. CoaaRcr- 


Someone back home would also love to 
hear the sound of your voice. 

Dial direct from Norway with AT&T. Jusr dial 800-1 5HM I. 

Alter a d.i\ <»f Llicvrinj*. sin.iuiin*:. » « >hsn*i an-J aahi::" as the* Oiunpic Vinter 
Ganio. wc kn»pv um'!l want lu '•hare a!i the exdremer.: with people hack home. 

That's why we've made it mi easy with AT&T. 

Anywljcre in Nurwat . simply dial si>i-l l '«'-n. In c:h-:r > /uniries. dial the access 
numlxT In mt the lis: nn the ri;jht. An Enjilx:— pc.L-iii'.t; AT&T Operator t>r voice 
prompt will help complete yi.#ur call to the i. .S. - ir i::nre than ~0 oilier countries 
I'se your AT&T Culling Card or cull collect. YoliT ger economical AT&T rates and 
keep hofei surduir^es ro it mintmum. 

Ol' course, with AT&T you also know mu !i ;uel cieur. ^ 

crisp connections. So there's n»» need ro raise ;.i>-jr v*>iee. T ~ — ^ 


Anscri3*n* 


Croatia'* 


CypniS* 


Czech Rep 


Dauoaric* 


France 


Germany 


99-%-OOH Kumk 


tS0-900i0 Lebzaoa 


00-420-00101 SamE Anhaat 


8001-0010 


I9*-001I , 


0130-0010 Better* 


• : .I-tiMM72-2881 


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