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Pftris, Frid^, Febraary 18, 1994 

No. 34^15 

> V V . 

Russians Steer Serbs to Pull Out 

UN Cites Major Removal of Heavy Guns Near Sarajevo 

By Hrandon ftfitchcnn 

iMve things a lot easieE" m Rrance, 

TOudt has been crating for die Boiid» 

• FRANJCFIAT.— .nae.BiiD(}e^)^i]; hank's, cue. *The^ get thdr shon-tenn 

^ ?t ^ for a fiedr ecoDomw hum rales down ono-half 

dtscount rate tw half a pociBinate' 

Si^ percmu . but h candously 
from an immediaiB easmg by jeavmg its 
mostinfhieatial market rale imchaim^ . 

The Bund^bank’s move came amid 
growing wocnes that the G armati 
Europels largest, needs lower intenst ratm 
to pul recessioo behind jt. and ^ than a 
roonth before die first in a sedes of pivotal 
regiooal and federal dections.- 

ft also provkfed other counlnesin Eipope 
a smaU dqg^of fleribiljty to cat thefr own 
natioDal mtes^ rales in an i^Oft to bobtff 

consumer and mvestment spaufing and 
shore 19 wok ecoDomes. 

Belgium, the Nethedands and Austria 
also cut interest rates after the Bunded 
bank’s movn ■ 

The Park Boarse,-'adudi 'kB^ a wary eye 

<m German rates, jinoped in minntes friom a 
loss to a gain on expeetadons of a French 
foUow^fhrough, which econonusts said 
midt come sooil Bond jnioes. alfo finned 
and- other European currencies 
ttamsi - the Deutsche mark as 
scares firmed in after-hoon twiithig 
. “By actm| earlier than many ex- 
pected, the Bondesbank is Growing that 
someu^ worried about the eccmomyaid it : 
doesn’t beheve Rexrodfs fcaecast for slight- 
ly more than 1 percent growfii this year,” 
said Wike Groaeaber^ an economist at 
SaltxnoD Brothen in London, referring to 
Gflnter Rexrodl, tbe German economics' 
minister. - . 

Earlier Uus wedc, Mh Ibsnodt smd be did* 
not expect tbe Bundesbank to cut inlecen 
rates f(n “months,’’ bm he pndsed ihBpoiifi' 
cally independent catral bank Ihivsdi^ 
and said its deaskm **siqipaits a oonlhmed 
improveiiiHsat U tho eoontmuc eWmate in 
Germany and maires it eariw for paclid- 
panls in tbe European exdiange rate grid to 
cut thdr short-tenn interesi rates.” . 

Paul Home, ducf axmoiDist at Smith 
Barney in Paris, the Bundedxudc*s 

t; Qce the Gennans, probab^ by Ibes* 


foonpunsts said the Bundediank’s 
' emwTtt would, tazly .hong lUiUe 
benefit if. commercial baiiks diared thdr 
savings with costomen. & far, in many 
countries, have been sl^ to do so, “fri 

i. Franbe^ Germany and Italy , hanira aren't 
lealBr pasang' on tbe M bmefit,’’ said Mr. 
Hoi^ - . 

The Bm^bank said it had lowered the 
(fiscoorit cnrKiimw poce wifla. 

Ite doin’ Cel ngaoifit the maefc derpile Oe 
rate cat hirt rose agribn the yen. 11 

tion “k coaihndng to deefine.** In hs Febrn- 
ary mmtbly r qwv doails of which were 
rdea^ Wedtiesday, the Bundedwifc said 
Gerinan prices had tiaa at'an awnwafiM^ 
. rate of 2J percent ovor tie last six monllQ, 
exchid^ a rise. in the gaschne tax at the 
bemarmig'ortbe year. 

The Bioiithly repmt ^ condnded that 
dte-Geanan economy is still in a trough. 
*The tnoesnonaiy tendeocies haw stffl n^ 
been fully overcome;'’ h sod. Among the 
mahixeasoos it gave were iht^sh coowmer 
and mvestmat apending, which are dos^ 
related toihe'oost of butoiwi^ 

Unen^aymat figam for^onary wgr 
vrosse than dqiected, hitting a postwar high 


. TheBundefoankfs dedsion to leave the 
•lateon ita mflaential securities rqnuthase 
agreemenis, or.rqios, qyhanged at 6 i>er- 
oent, vriieceit has'stood since December, is a 
. land of hedge ngainri devdopmeita on tbe 
foiciga exchange and iabor fronts, analysts 
sakL. ;i 

. The Deutadhe mark has faHen ever ance 
■'the Federal Reserve’s decision 'em FdiL-4 to 
hise *U,&1 inieiest. rates. It ins also been 
labor turmoil with Gtfmanys 
■ mtKm, 10 MetalL stin ioi^oti- 

^ RAIFS, Plage 4 

By John Pomfret 

— Bosnian Serbs began vrithdrawing 
weapoDiy from the mow-blanketed mountains 
around Sartgevo on Thursday in a sign that tbe 
forces that have besieged Bo^’sc^tal for 23 
months are moving to co^ly mtfa a NATO 
ultimanim to pull bade thor hwvy guns or risk 
mr strikes. 

The troop movements came as^tah I. Cbur- 

ddivere^T^ter'i^ die Bosnian le^^frcm 
Preadent Bo^ N. Ydtsin and announced that 
Russia, a tradidonal ally of tbe Serbs, was ready 
to send 800 troops to Sarajevo to bolster the 
UN peacAeqang operaiioD there and iis week- 
long cease-fire — the most successful since the 
war began. 

UN officiais said diqr witnessed irudts pil- 
ing LS5mm howitzers and tanks along with 
and-aircralt heavy "wiiim* mos mounted on 
tractor-trdleR pl^ng a 120 -Uometer G5-m0e) 
Icmg road that was binit during the skge and 
hems the dty in from the north. 

Lieutenant General Kfichael Rose of Britain, 
tbe commandg cl UN forces in Besnia, re- 
leased a statement quoting Radovan Karadzic, 
dm leader of tbe Bosnian Serbs, as pledgn^ to 
move the bulk of the heavy weqxmry outade 
the 20 Idlonteter exdurion zone ^ ea^ Friday. 

The Rnsslan announcement winch caqgbi 
UN offidals in Bosnia 1^ surixise, was made in 
eadiange for a Bosiuan Serb to fulfill the 

terms the NATO utriTnanim. llie North 
Atlantic Treapr Qrgamzadoo warned the Serbs 
that by midr^i Snnday th^ would have to 
puH rack thnr heavy guns from the center of 
Sai^evo or put ihaa under UN control to 
avoid attadt by NATO jets. 

“We can say that any air strikes on Bosnian 
Seri> posidons are ruled out for die sunple 
reasons that there mil be no taraets for thdr 
stAes to hit,” Mr. Churidn said in Pale, the 
headquarters d* the Bosnian Setbs. 

Tbe Bosnian Serb pledge. comUned with 
reports of rigoificani weaponiy moving down 
the rnoontams that loom over S^evo, indicat- 
ed that after a week d prevarication and lu^ 
tiadoo, the Serbs were ready to conform at lost 
to the qnrit, if ntx the letter, d tte NATO 


Embddened by the overt diow d Russian 
sui^MTt, Mr. Karadzic said; “We do think the 
war in Sard^ ^ finally over." 

The Russian i»oposaL^>^eais to have tipped 

the Serbs toward compliance and away from 
procrastmatioa. It provides tbe Serbs a rfinQ 
package: mudi-desired security guarantees, in 
the form of 800 soldiers perceh-ed to be an 
allied fence, and an equally-imporiant ftatfean^ 
face-saving device. Thus die Serbs av'oid re- 
fo<mdii» directly to the NATO ultiinatum. 
which they have tried to ignore since it was 

Cfintim says NATO is “dead serious" about 
mr strikes. • In westen Bosnia, a new cain- 
paigi of vioieoce. 

issued last Wednesday, and instead embrace 
the appeals d their Siav brothers. 

On a broader level, the Fe-emeigence d Mr. 
CharloQ, a Russiaii deputy foragn minister, as 
an important figure in the Bosn^ peace pro- 
cess parallds that of tbe U.S. spe^ envoy, 
diaries Redman. 

It was clev Thursday that Mr. Karadzic has 
* his faith in Mr. Cburkio to be an booest 
for the Serbs. Officials from the mostly 

Muslim govErnmeDt. disheartraed by the un- 
successful anempis ^ the European Union to 
bringpeace to Bosnia, have done the same trith 
Mr. Redman, the rormer State Depanroein 
spokesman who visited Sangevo earb'er this 

However, as with all the agreements that 
have bedeviled this ccntTlict and raised un- 
founded hopes for peace in Bosnia, much re- 
mains to be confirmed about weapons move- 
meoi and the issue d the exact meanin g of UN 
“control." General Rose has provideasev^ 
meanings for that word sioce the idtimaium 
stopwatch began licldiig a week ago. 

Following two meetings in one week with 
Admiral Jeremy M. Boorda of the United 
States, tbe NATO commander. General Rose 
issued his strongest definition yet d oonuoL 
vowing Wednesday that Serbs would have to 
fight to retries% tfaw guns. 

“We’re a little confused,” srid Radomir Ku- 
joodzic. a 50-year-old gunner who was mannin g 
an empty artillery ate fai^ above S^evo on 

'Tbursday. “First they say stay «ath your guns 
and now they say evetything must ga" 

Minutes before, two transport trucks had 
pulled two ISSmm howitzers rnxn their posi- 
tions, throu^ a swirling snowstorm. A huge 
ptie of freshly cut ]^e dippings, empty ammu- 
nition boxes and the bbuenra iodenlatioin d 
the anniery in the mud and snow were all that 
remained of the guns. 

In Sarajevo, UN spokesmen said they be- 
lieved the Serbian pullback had begun in ear- 

“We are seeing very rigniftcant withdrawal d 
Bosnian Serb forces off the hills around Saraje- 
vo,’ sakf Lieutananl Colooel William Aikman 
of Canada, sjrokesinan for the UN Protection 
Force in Siuajevo. He said previous reports d 
UN military obs^ers had spoken d mdivid- 
ual pieces d equipment "but today ihj^ are 
calkiDg about convoys d equipment moving off 

However, several UN militaiy observers — 
See SERBS, Page 4 


But Ste^He 

By David E Sao^ ' 

Sett-YeHi TbnetSenke - 

TOKYO — Undermpwi^ pram 
to pievmi the outbrett da ti^wiiu- iri± 
United States. Mme hGnifoa’ Morilnro Hor 
sofcawa on Hmrsday summened the btnean- 
crats who headed up 1 ^ ftfled n^tiations in 
Washmgtra and . tom riiem IP CQs^^ 
of madtat-opentng inttialives dun coold placate . 
W ashing ton. ■ 

WhQe the prime minisier qmeaied. to be 
tak^ the inituitive, ihe-propo^ his govesm- 
ment is coiskiering, fromnew govemmeat pip- 
curement rules to aqioitdrives.aad measmes 
ID dereguto tbe.-Jqwsme ecanQaqf, igspear 
cobbled togeti^ {rcm..old.ptopo^ that the 
Clinton adnmistiatioa has rgected as msuf fi - 

The scuny to come -im -with smne Itind d; 
plan, however; marked a sb^ raJ^Mn'samrie- 
gy, indicating that the broadinitial support fra 

Mr, Jiosofcawa's tdii^ re^xHxse to IVerideiu 
C^fou last wedk is gi^ually eroding, as 
die price. tag'fOT lapanero boriness 
- :.l 1 iaii 8 Qtactiy-toenDxdcxxifririonandfear 
-that Mr. Qinton's- economic team has been 
tiyiog to sow rioce Thesday, ubot the Umted 

Eaie^ ri ge^i^ inmied abod bch$ kft eat 
. dritahraafe^ArianBirkd.F^e4.*11ta 
IMted Stde^ tnde deficit ifia J^an Staged 
toaneDrtltatyw.nige IL 

States initiated,' sanctions affbet J^>an in a 
' oddar tdkphoDc £qnite sat baiot as the 
yen sowed.. A ym further squeezes, the 
.profits of Japanese cra^tanies, malting their 
emqns leta conmetitive. 

■ .In the minds d many Jq>ai^ officials, Mr. 
.Hosokawa has gpne too far now to badt dovrit 
on the . central' issne in the diqMiie, .Jiq>u’a 
. refill to commit to'swne land d .triinnericar 

tsagpts" for the peribnnaoce d American 
goods in the JapatKseinaricet 
: But over the past few Japan's plan for 
ddflffcting oonfrontation with the UnilM States ' 
has become dear. It is luting at a return to the 
bafgaimsg tade; wUIe oxiving ahead “volun- 
tarily” on maritet openings in sectors d tbe 
J^ianese economy m whidi the govemment 
has the most controL Mr. Hosokawa seems to 
be betting that even modest progress will bring 
an end to Mr. ^oton's Ihrnta. 

“Hosokawa is in a ve^, very tight ^t.’’ ooe 
of his senira policy advisers said. “He is desti- 
tute d a good pdicy, business is begfoning to 
scream, a^ he^ got to cone im vrith something 

. The cb^eaUnetseccetaiy, Masayoshi Take- 
' mura, ' said that tbe prime TnTniq«»r »nd his 
advism “agreed that the baD is in Japan's 
court” Mr. Takeznora suggested that Mr. Ho- 


In Nod to Israel, Syria Agrees to a Visit 

By David Hoffman 

- Wa MBg lOB Paa 50*iee 

JERUSALEM^ 7 - Byria has agreed to sm 
. unprecedeutod viat fnw. an .Arab member of' 
Israel’s partiament, Oro days afiiST Prime hfipis-', 

terYhzbakRalnnof Isransaidthatsocharirit - 

would be a signal of io Aria’s attitude 
toward Iscad. 

Abdul Wal^ Datawshe; who beads the 
Arab Democratic PU 9 with two seats in ^ 

' Istad) .Knesset, said Sj^hadapp rovi^ ' avirit 
by hwn 10 etqrreta-ctmdoliriidta' frran Tsraefa' 

Arabs to Pr^ent.Hdez Assad on tbe recent 
death d his 500. 

Mr! Daiawtiie; a prw mn cat ^xtireanah fra 
Arab dtimos ot Israd, said the vi^ _wmle 
■ ceremonial, marks the ficsl time that Sjnm hm 

agreed to accept an offidal viat from-Isiarii 
Arabs. "■ 

■ bcR dthepro-Syrian Diuze commimi? <m the 
Goiah He^ri;.inat^ d vriiom new luxated 
Isr^ drizenshm after Israel seized the Hdg^ts 
m 1967. ■ 

On Tuesday, Mr. Rak^ in a telmsira inta^ 
view, roterat^ his long-standii^ cocqtiaim 
ilm Sb'zfa “Is not domg what is necetaaiy in 
01 ^ to tiothfiiDy demnnarate to (he Israeli 
petals that it hm genum^'tiuried toward 
peaces”'- '- 

:■ .*'lwiRg(veasiittlLezan^|e,?hesaid.“Dar^ 
awriie wanted to go to with a gnxip of 
lsm£ ^abs to etmreta conddences to msi- 
deat Aksad on the rath d Ids sra." Mr. Ataad. 
he added, “did not tespoud po^v^. 

"I thmlc that jf the Syrian govenimeDt had 
answered positi^y, it wooid have been an 
c a q u es si on d chang e in the attitude to Israel, 
even if the Israelis eonoenied were not Jewish." 

“Darawsbe was elected as a Knesset member; 
he represents tbe Knesset," Mr. Rabin said. “1 
think that Syria must do mndi mrae, both from 
the point d view d the level at . which the 
n^otiations are cobducted, as well as that d 
deamnstrating their rinft toward peace with tbe 
Israefi people, apart from what is needed for the 

TbeiHs fOcue/IVe Aateaned Pni> 

Toi^n Hanfing and Nancy Kerrigan passmg each other during practice Thursday. 


Wasmeler Edges Moeg 
Aamodt 3d in Super-0 

Markus Wasmeier won Gennany's 
first Olympic Alpine ski medal lor men 
since 1936, beating out tbe downhill 
champion Tommy Moe of the United 
States by ei^t-hundredths of a second 
in tbe super-g^anl slalom. 

"Now, my happiness is complete,” 
said the 30-year-old Wasmeier. 

Moe. who was celebrating his 24th 
birthday, had to brake suddenly to 
avoid missing a gate near the bottom, 
but became ^ first American man to 
win more than one Aipine skiing medal 
at a ringle Olympics. 

Kjetil Andre Aamodt of Norway 
was third in 1:32.93, adding a bronze 
to the silver he won in tbe downhill 

Egorova Nears Record 

Lyubov Egorova of Russia moved 
vritbin one gold medal of the all-time 
Winter Olympics record as she skied to 
a 8.3-seix>nd victory over Manuela Di 
Centn of Italy in the women's lO-kilO' 
meter cross-country freestyle pursmL 
Stefania Belmondo of Italy was third. 

E^rova and Di Centa also became 
the first triple medalists in these Olym- 

• Bjorn Daeblie of Norway held off 
Vladimir Smirnov of Kazakhstan to 
win the men’s lO-ldlometercross-coun- 
oy race for his second medal of tbe 
Games, with Marco AlbarcDo of Italy 
third. Smirnov, who woo five of six 
races on the World Cup dicuit coming 
into LiUebammer. is still looking for 
his first individual Olympic gold med- 

Niemann Falls in 3,000 

Svetlana Bazhanova of Russia was tbe 
surprise winner in tbe women’s 3,000- 
meter speed-skating race after the 
heavy favorite, Gunda Niemann of 
Germany, fell at nearly the same spot 
Dan Jansen of the United States stum- 
bled in Monday's men's 500. Emese 
Hunyady of Austria finished second, 
Claudia Pechstein of Germany was 

Swedes, Slovaks Win 

Sweden used its high-powered offense 
to rout France, 7-1, Thursday and 
clinch a quarterfinal berth in the hock- 
ey tournament. Slovakia, with a 10-4 
FOUl of Italy, remained unbraten in its 
first Oiynipic toumafflcnt since gain- 
ing independence. It scored gx goals in 
tbe first 14 minutes. 

Olympic rq>ort: Pages 19, 20 aad 21 




SENAKL Georeia (Rsnt«) — Geragia 
rfinfirmari the death of its ousted preadea^ 
Zviad K. GafflfflkhwriB,,s 9 ing.h» bq^ 
was dog 19 oo Thursday from a grave m 
western f« idnxrial hiRMSta. 

A joint comnasaoo ficom 

• Russia’sCbechio«regiooid«hTO 

tiaUy deccBiqxsed b«fy, 

sbmwraind through the te^Tt .was the first 
ooftfinnatxa xhM Mr. Gaimakhnrdia was 
,d^. EBs. widow aimoiioced ea^ttns year 
ffat he'had (XB&mitted 
'Mr. GarusakhunSaiVrirohiid lived in exile 
iaCaiedaiyatira'bc^o v pti iiow ninJaa- 
1992,wapdari'ims««^^ can^'gn 
m jetnm.lo ptritta last-taOiiniD. 

Seek Kenav 



WeaAsr- . 



Mr. Rabin .did not expect that 
Ataad would dare to do what Anwar Sadat, tbe 
late ^yptian praadeut, did, and wsh Jemra- 
leoi, ‘wl there is still ouid) more to be done in 
order to demqinstrate the ^yiim government's 
deare for peace." 

Israd a^ Syria are engaged in Inlateral talks 

in Washiogto^ but Syria has rebuffed land’s 
qipeals to raise the levd d the talks, or to 
conduct thanthiDi^ asecret dmimd. 

Mr. Darawshe said the visit was xiot to con- 
dua dmlomacy and was not intraded to ad- 
vance toe peace talks. He said it was amoged- 
thren^ the Egyptian foedgu minister, Amr 
Moo^ and ^ 3 ^'$ ambassador to Israri. 

Stolen ^Scream^: An Antir Abortion Ploy? 

By William Drozdiak 

Weshb^m Pott Senice 

LILLEHAMMER. Norway — Nnwegian 
anti-abortion activists hinted Thursd^ that 
they were involved in stealii^ Edvard Munch’s 
masteijaece “The Scrum” and asserted that 
the pamting would be letomed if state idevi- 
sioa showed a film that d^icts abortion as 

Boerre Knadsen, a fmner minister known 
for his theatrical protests against Scandinavia’s 
liberal abortkn laws, said the printing "might 

surface agau" if Norw^an stale television 
would broadcast “The SDrat Scream." nliich 
shows a fetus being sucked from a womb. 

A spokesman for Noiweaan tdeviston said 
the network had not received a demand to show 
the filnL He said it would be "out of tbe 
tjuestion" to run the film under such condt- 

Mr. Knudsoi has been a leading crusader 
among a but vocal minority that is fight- 
ing to overnim Norway’s abmtion laws. Wom- 
en here are pennitted to have abortions until 

tbe 12 th wedcof pr^naocy, and tbe state pays 
the medical costs. 

Mr. Knudsen refrained from claiming te- 
qxwability for tbe tbtft or having mrect 
kootriedge <d who m^c have committed the 
crime. The police said were studying his 

"We simply can't be too opra about this.” 
Mr. Knudsoi said in a radio interview. “We 
have sent a signal and we want this signal to be 

See SCREAM, Page 4 

Tourism-Coiiscious Florida Goes All Out Against Crime 

By wniiam Booth 

Newssiond Prices: 






Ivory Goost 
Lebanon . 

...9.00 FF Uixentboorg^^tiEr' 
njOFF Morocco — ^121» 
'viorFA — WORM* 

BjifeS SoodiArobla-9J»R. 
-’•OOPP Senegaf-.;.«OCFA 
..960CFA |SSr!,...aWPTAS‘ 
...JOaDf. T^ji^^lJOOpin 
.U2DCFA Turkey -..T.L. 

• ,1 JO ojLE..-..030Wrh. 
US9I.50 UAh<^l5»r.>S1.10 

Dow Jones fl Trib Index 

■ -It....' 


DM - 

- 1.7222 

' 1:72Sh 

'Poubtf ' 



... 1M50 


FF. ■ . ' • 


• 5.2665 

MIAMI --Afta seeing then strie lead the natira in news of 

tourist siayings, Florida lawmakers' are respondin g wifii get- 
tou^ pxoposris that indiuk eastzating ra^xsts, execDting 14- 
year-om nmrdotis wiekrag it tU^al f(v c ri n u n a l s to 

mtmplafn ahmi* iinnatal pnwiehmenL 

T^ in^posals were ^««de as sentiment grows acn^ tiie 
country t^t gynn^hw^ mckst be drae about violeDt crime ~ 

evra if it leqtDres extraonfinaiy Steps. Congre^ the adnnius- 

trafioa and lawmakers in 30 are calling ^fot Im^or, 
tougher proviauBis to ingiisra repeat 

offenders for Hfe without parue. 

‘ But In the country's No. I tourist destioatiem — where 
dreains ol balmy bea^ have been r^bced by im age s (rf 
■wipp if hie 9iwin ranMauiranalics — Florida Icgida- 

Uvs are posiavdy consumed by the issue of violent crime. 

And so are tbe resideots. who increasingly speak of fear, 
anger and the desire for vengeance, folfov^g a string of 
mmden of forrip visitois. 

“We are in a state of war and in a war, some m^lea^t 
thm ^ need to be done, some ra£cal things,” said Mario Diaz- 
Balart, a Republican state senator. 

According to a Mason Dixon Florida PoD earlier this month, 
more than 90peioentor Florida voters said considered the 

state "very dangerous” or“somewhat dangerous." They agreed 
dtOdren as young as 13 riiould be tried as adults and, if found 
guSty of capital criines. executed. 

Among tbe more radical proposals that Mr. Diaz-Balait 
supports is a tnll that calls for easna^ racists who are 
coewk^ twice cd the oime. While it is stiD mmossible to 
g any ibe bUl's chances for passage this early in the aessiOQ, 

at least 12 of the 40 senators have agned on as co-sponsois. 

“Call it vritai you want, it’s good poli^,” said state Senator 
Rcritert Werier, a Democrat and lan^fnm Bora Ratra, w1k> 
introduced the legjslatUm. 

WhOe be is undecided about (he method tiiat should be used 
to castrate rapi^ he said, be is leaning away from surgery in 
favor of “chankal castration.” uring drugs to decrase sraual 
deare and suppress hormones. 

State supreme courts in California and South ramlina have 
overturned similar measures. 

Anotbo' fHorida proposal would make it 01^ for career 
crindo^ to sue the state for cr^ unusual punishment 

^“I think we’re sedng is a sodety that U tired of bring 
f ri ^ re nftd,"gaid state Senator Maik Foley, a Republira from 
West Palm BeacL "When I talk about death penalty now, 
people start dappng." 


V -t'- 

Clinton Says Allies 
Are ^Dead Serious’ 
About Air Strikes 


Agr^ to Talks 

Cln FhU Apace RMce-Acw 

WASHINGTON — President 
Bill Clinuffl said Ttansday that 
NATO was *‘dead serious*' about 
Ifiinrhing air strikes if Bosnian 
Serbs de£ed a UN ultimatum, ffld 
the White House said its objective 
remained the same despite a lasi- 
minote Russian peaedeequng ef- 

U.S. wdoomed a rqwn- 
ed Serbian pledge to with- 

draw their heavy weapons 
arotuid Sarajevo as “a posiave 
5(cp" anrt Kir. Qinioii msde clcftr 
that he hoped air strikes would not 
be necessary. 

But the president and his aides 
were surprised by a Rus^ w- 
Douncement that it was sending 
400 peaoekeq»ng tro<^ from its 
Unim Nations contingent in Cro- 
ada to help oversee the Bosnian 
Serb withdrawal of arriDery. 

*nhis in no way change the 
NATO objective.” the White 
House spokeswoman. Dee Dee 
My^ said of the Russian move, 
^e weren't nodfied in ad- 

siaossaid they would do triut {IMS' 
could to get the Serbs to cotap^y.** 

France react^ to the 

ba^warnine diem diat tb^stOl 
face NATO or strikes unless thqr 
ke» the protms& 

Foreign Mmister Al^ Jupph 
was infoimed by his Rnsoan ooun- 
rerpart, Andrei V. Rc^nev, the 
Serbs' agreement to wididraw itadr. 
heavy wewms, Ridiaid Deque, a 
Fore^ huusoy ^loiDreman, said. 
**We are waiting for this news to be 
conflrmed and translated into ac- 
ti<m on the ground,** Mr. Duque 

Separatist Cliief Slain in Kashmir 

Two Sarajgyft raod wity iwi Thnr^ilBy yanyjng sacks of waste pqpa* that tfa^ vriD bum foT beat as touperatiffes M bi tfie ffty^ed dly. vance. ^said,ad<Sng, iheRos- 

In Bosnian West, Tales of New Serbian Atrocities 

By Giudc Sudedc 

Nr» York Times Sernor 

BELGRADE — A new Serbian ompaign of violence 
and intimidflti on is upFOotmg Muslims and Croats and 
forcing tl^ from tbw homes in western Bosnia. United 
Nations oEGeials and refugees say. 

The ofGtials and refugees, who arrived recent^ at a 
camp near the Croatian village of Casind, said that 
Boaiian Serbs in Banja Luka, where they are in the 
nuyority, were paying local Serbian civilian' and inilitaiy 
poiice to force Mmums and Croats to abandon thedr 
homes so th^ could take over their pit^ierty. 

The tactics indude murder, beatings, b^bi^ rape 
and tbreais of rape, members of the groiqi said. Lo(^ 
Serbian ofndals have also pressed several thousand Mus- 
lim men into work brigades, fordng them to dig front-iine 
treoefaes, chop wood in tmne fields and carry ammunition 
for the Bosnian Serbian ftwees. 

tile said. **Ii‘s very well orgamzed. and they try to keep it 
wd) hiddetL** 

On Jan. 3 1 , 1 had a 13-year-old girl come into my office 

vriio had been r^red by two men in uniform,*' Mr. Gentile 
said by tdepbone from Toronto. “Her fatiier was so ba<^ 
bffl tCTi that he didn’t look human anymore. His hands 
were swollen up like ^ant dubs.** 

UN ofndals said that they could not give a predse 
estimate of the number of Muslims and Croats «mo had 

**71115 is criminality (m a hum scale,** said Lotus Gentile, 
former head of the office of me UN High Commissioner 

for Refuge tu Baiya Luka, western Bosnia's largest- 
town. Serbian nationalists seized control of the town even 
before Bosnian Serbian ipiUtiMs began the ailitary cam- 
paign against the Muslim-led Bosnian government in 
April 1992. 

“It's absolutely sanctioned by local (eaders.’’ Mr. Gen- 

fled the Banja Luka region in recent weeks but that it was 
deariy in the hundreds. Tlu^ estimated that 59,000 peo- 
ple, the ovowhelffiing nuymty of them Muslims, remain 
at ridL 

Mr. Gentile; who just oc^leted his assignment in 
Banja I said he was worried about what was happen- 
ing there now that the Unit^ Nations has puDed out and 
the North Atlantic Trea^r Otganization is threatening air 
strikes to end the Sobianrii^ of Sangevo, 145 kilometers 
(90 miles) soutbttst 

“Members of the minority commuzzities always said 
that the United Nations presence in Baiga Luka was a 
deterrent against the worsL" he said, “^th no one watch- 
ing, Cod IcDows what the Serbs will do And they blame 
the Muslims for eveiytliiDg.*' 

Althoii^ the town of Banja Luka has long had a 
Serbian majority, many of tte surrounding towns were 

piedofflinandy Muslim before ifae Serbian “ethnic deans- 
ing” campaig n b^ao in May 1991 Early in the war, tens 
dl thousands d[ Mudims and Croats were driven ficom 
thdr homes in western Bosnia and herded into ooncentra-. 
tion canqzs before Red Cross ofBci^ negotiated their' 

*Things have been get^ progresavely worse derate 
our protests,” said Gew^ Karabtogln, a UN aid woTO 
who left Baiga Luka on &turday with the last (he UN 
staff membm there. 

Mr. Karatzogltt said that at least a half-dozen peopfe 
had been slain by Boaiian Serbs in the Baiga Luka area in 

the last month, and that two Muslim women bad been 

rtqwd last week in nearby FTgedor. 

“They don’t want m ktu pe^e wholesale, *’ die UN 

official smd. “They use one or two murders as an eumple 
in eadi place so people dedde to flee.” 

Mr. said die local Sob-run Red Cross in 

B^a tJtka, wmch has acted for months as an t^ienqr to 
rid the area of non-Se^ was i^ularly organiang bus 
convey that take ISO (o 200 peo^ a time to the front 
lines near the central Bosnian town of TravniL 

Karaizoglu stud eadi refugee paid about S120 for 
the 106-kilotzi(^ ti^. 

“People are disappearing at nii^t,” said a Muslim store 
deik who arrived in GMind from Banja Luka two wedks 
ago. “People are being lolled in fioot of thdr houses" 

Croats Ignore Warning on Bosnia Troops^ UN Says 

By William E. Schmidt 

jV<w York Tuna Semite 

ZAGREB, Croatia — United Nations 
servers in Za^b said Thursday that Croatia 
appeared lo have made Urde ^fort to with- 
draw its rqgular army troops from oe^bor- 
ing B^a, despite a sharp UN warning two 

weeks ago to st^ pulling them out or run the 

risk of posable economic sanctions. 

A senior United Nations official at the 
b^quarters of (he UN ^tecdon Force for 
former Yugoslavia said that rather than 
withdrawing from Bosnia, regular Croatian 
soldiers may be deliberate mask^ their 

On Feb. 3. the UN Security Council issued 
a sharply wonkd resdution condemmng the 
presence of r^ular Croatian troops in Bos- 

nia and leqaesting a report to the secretaj^ 
general by Thursday on “progress lowanl the 

general by Thursday on “progress lowanl the 
couq>lete and fuD withdrav^*’ of the Cro- 
atian forces from Bosnia. 

presence by sirring unit insignias from 
vehicles and unironns, in order to appear to 

be irr^ular members of the Bosnian Cro- 
atian militia. 

While the weight of UN and international 
action in recent days has focused on the 
threat of air strikes against Serbian gunners 
hedeging Sai^evo, the United Nations find- 
ings may mark the first st^ in what could be 
a much tou^ier intematio^ posture toward 
the Croats. 

{At the United Nations in New York, 
Semtaiy-General Butros Butros Ghali told 
the Security Council an estimated 5,000 reg- 
ular Croatian Anny troops might still be in 
Bosnia, Reuters repented. In a letter to tte 
Security Council be said that the UN force in 
the former Yugoslavia had given him the 

Depending on the reaction to that report 
the United Nations could begm to take stqis 
to enforce measures ^aiut Croatia, indud- 
ing economic sanctions like those t^t were 
imposol 00 Serbia for its direct iovt^vement 
in the fitting in Bosnia. 

Aocordmg to UN officiab in Z^vb. the 
Croats have sent the estimated 5,000 troops 
across the border to aid their Croatian breth- 
ren in battling the MusUm-led Bosnian Army 

in central Bosnia. The Bosnian government 
puis the figure much higher, accu^ the 
Croats of mounting an all-out invarion with 
upwards of 20JXX) troops 

According (o the semor UN official in 
Zagreb. UN observers have identiried Cro- 
atian soldiers bdongjog to eight different 
n^ular Croatian Army units operating in- 
side Bosnia, although the trot^ are not 
operating as pan of full Croatian brigades or 
dire^ under the control of Croatian com- 
mand posts. 

Although the Croatian govenunent has 
acknovriedgsd onh- dun it has sent “volun- 
teers’* to fi^t on the ride of Bosnian Croa^ 
Fweige Minister Mate Gianic of Croatia did 
offer last weekend to vnthdraw troops from 
Ikh^ areas in Bosnia in exchange for UT4 
guarantees for Croatian dviliaos caught in 
central Bosnia. The pn^osal was limited lo 
areas near Mosiar. 

The United Slates has been especiaOy crit- 
ical of Croatian miUiary involvement in Bos- 
nia. a point that has been underscored re- 
peatedly by Peter W. Galbraith, the U.S. 
ambasrador to Croatia. 

^peaking at a public forum in Zagreb on 
Thursday eveniog Mr. Galbraith said Cro- 
atia was eng^ed in activities in Bosnia that 
served to undermine the intenu^nal sym- 
pathy it deserved as a rictim of Serbian 
aggression. ■ 

Unidentified aDianbe sources in 
Brnssds tdd Reixters diat the N^th 
Atlmtic Tica^ OiganiatiM was 
standing Gmify its ultimannh. 

“The message we want to ger out 
is diat the pressure will not be Ufi- 
the souice was Rioted as 
ing. “NATO wifi writ and see if fi is 
kg real . 

“We want to make sure diete is 
fiiB con^toice.** 

A NATO ritimatum kg endhig 
the ri^e of the MuslniKxnttiiolIed' 
BftBftHm capital ex pires at mwbwgfit 
(ACT Sun^. . ' 

Iben del^^ ^^^ttreroe still, 
many weapons not under UN con-, 
tid. She would not say how many 
becai^ of a UN leq^ nor to 
divulge numibeTS. 

“We are enoouraged, but we em- 
pfaeaze that we have a kog.wqr to 
go,” she said. “We bdieve the Seibs 
and the Musfims can stilL meet the 
deadHiie and we (hem to do 

Qintott told reporttis: “The 
most ingxirtaot tl&og now is that the 
Sobs and the echos in Bosnia un- 
dentand tiiat the NATO allies are 
dead serious abom canyzag this out, 
but t^ if tile Serbs mil move thrir 
weapons or pot tiiem under United 
Nations control there win be scr air 

Underecoiing tiie serkmsiiess of 
the tfaieaw Defense Seaetaiy Wil- 
liam J. will join defense mnis- 

tera 4^ four other countries invrived 
in NATO air ppenttions in Bosnia 
— Britain, France, Italy and tiw 
Nedieriands — Simday at Ital^s 
Aviano air base. 

The Pentagon srid Me. Perry 
would be accooipanied by General 
Jehn hi Sbriiluribvfli, draainui of 
the Jiant Chiefs St^. 

Mr. CUntoD said that vriut' the 
allies are striving for is a permanent 
peace ^reement to end the 22- 
month ciril war in Boana anaong 
warrmg Serbs, Croats and Mnriiins. 

He said be believed he had laid 
aifficient psychological ground- 

-‘NEW DELHI (AFP) -l-lhdiaii 'trof;^ killed a leadingMuirim sqiarri- 
iri guMflla in Rariuiaii, tz^siDg a pR^ stifitein 
Rr^ T)^ of In& icjxM^ Tlmrsdi^. ' 

. Tol othai induffing fourso^e^ Ittolim nnlitants and an army 
sbldw, (tied'^d21'were woonded in sqatme dasbes in the previous 24 
. hoiin.' tte ^es(7 said ; ^ 

'Kashmm Muriuiis stii^Bd a geoeral strike Thur^y after the slajnng of 
Abdnl Rari^ .!iaahi, .a pwwiiw-ial eonitiMaaer ^ mitlawed Httbui 
MajaZtidm gpai^ia Dod& dutzict on ^Wednesday, the news agency said. 
Inman feid'Mr. lal^ waa wanted for took than two dozen 

iriTHngK in Kashmir. • . ; 

Sene^ ]^ins IMtiitant Muslim Group 

DAKAR, Smrffll {Reoteis) Sen^ banned a radicri Iriamic 
mow ienyirf -on Thtiiwfay after-ftw ptdicemm and a ovilian Were killed in 
riotain the West Afrianca^taL ..... 

' Thoosaiids of demonstratolrst some d them Iriamic militamy, 
jomed a ridly Wednesday proiestmg povedy and the pdides of Prerident 
Abdou Dkraf. IAdar.niewapapen sad the xallytuzned violent after a fiery 
airioiiscbeduled.qieechl^alebtodf theldamicimlitaats; ' 

The govonment baimed a Mmfim group, called Moustatchbdina.wal 
Motistazdnidati, wfaidi Men and Women Who Fi^t frv the 

Khm^ Roi^Flee Gainbodia Assault 

ANiXJNG 'V^Q> CambOiha (Reuters) r- Kbmor Roi^ defenders 
tto northern .base fled mth som haste to escape a governmeiU arn^ 

a yysirb that th^ .onerlcgged .cmmriaiideT, T^ Mok, left behind his 
artificial kg. 

Thecqitiire of Ankmg Veu has been hailed the government’s most 
impnttiwit mOitaiy success race the UN-oi^iiiizBd dections in May, 
General Long Sophera srid Unusday. -Mne 'than 3JX0 government 
sokliets now occoot the Khmer Ro^ a former, district seat 310 
kOdmetos nmthn PbxiomFeQ^ 

“It is not only a big victory for our royal fiambmiign armed forces but 
k u alro a rieioty for the mternationri commoniw winch has h4>ed us,” 
General Sophew said. He srid 135 Khmer Rbage were kiBed, 149 
wounded and ^ capturaL He added tiait d45 wesqxm had been 
esptured along with.l^ tons of amimmitibo. Ta Mric*s artifidri mil 

be put (m di^ky in Phnom Penh. ' ' • • ' - 

For the Record 

Frairign Mnriwiy istohfjdtansdn theftteiof tlrar enirim ii y prisoiig5<rf 
war from tiielian-I^ war that ended in 1988. (Reuter^ 


Groi^ lists Risk Areas for Air Travel 

WASHINGTON (Rcnteis) — An ririine passeng^ group Wemiesday 

work to prepare the American peo- 
ple for the possilality that U.S. ' 

“How can Croatia expect the international 
communis to suppon its demand for Serii 
withdrawal fimn Croatia, when its army is in 
the sovereiga state of Bosnia and Hetz^govi- 
na?” Mr. Galbraith asked. 

About 30 percent of Croatian territory is 
pmently occupied by Serbian-back^ 
troops, as a result of Gating between Sertna 
and Croatia after the lug^v Federation 
brefeeupin 1991. 

Until now, tbe government of President 
Franjo Turman has been under intense do- 
mestic pressure witirin Croatia to offer sup- 
pctft to their Bosnian brethren. Croats make 
up the smallest proportion of the three ethnic 
groups — Croats, Sertzs and Muslims — 
fock^ in a strug^ over the multiethnic 
rqmblic of Bosnia-Herz^ovina. 

Greece-Macedonia Frontier Slams Shut o _ _ -rrn _ _ 

Cmr^Uedbf Ow Suff From DtSfvtcha 
ATHENS — Border guards 
closol the frontier with Macedonia 
to most goods Thursday, beginning 
Greece's escalated campaign to 
press the former Yugoslav republic 
tochai^ its name: flag and consti- 

Customs offidals at Salonika, 
Greece's second-largest port, 
barred five ca^ ships from load- 
ing or unloading gO(w during the 

Jusnell the taxi driver. :i 
"Sank nxi doc ncv". I ’ 

3. me Oaunou Paris lOpOra l ||| 
, Trij(n42.6171.1-i ic4 

day. the Greek-run Macedonian 
Pi^ AgeoQ' reported. 

It also said no trucks had crossed 
tbe borto 70 kiJoiBeters (40 miles) 
north into the ndghbming repub- 

Officials in Salonika said they 
were awriting msinictions from tbe 
Finance Ministry in Athens on 
which goods could pass. But it fans 
become clear that oil supplies are 
the main target of tbe embargo. 

.Angoed ^ Western diplomatic 
1 recognition for Macedonia, Greece 
I armounired Wednesday that it was 
I closing its consulate in the Mac- 
i edonian t^iiaL Skopje and cut- 
ting off its landlocked northern 
neighbor's main trade route. 

The action by Greece, a member 
I of the Europe Union, drew a 
; share response Thursday from EU 
I faeadquoners in Brussels wfwte (rf*- 
ficials said Athens may have acted 
Qlegaily by closing an external EU 
; bolder without consulting its II 
' partners. 

'• Greece argues that Macedonia 

has designs on its aonban prov- 
ince. which also is called Mscedo- 
nia, and says th^ cl aims are re- 
flected in Macedonia's name and 
other symbris, which Athens says 
are historically Greek and mus: be 

Macedonia's govenunent say^ it 
has no cirims on northern Greece, 
wbiefa was off from a broader 
Macedonian region during two 
wars early this century'. It accused 
Greece of resorting to biackmaii in 
thdr diqiute. 

Apostdos Yeiniisaris. prerident 
of the Monica Port Organization, 
said the loading and uruoading of 

all ships with goods beaded to and 
from Macedo^ had supped. He 
said ail of Macedonia’s fuel passed 
through Salonica. 

Alternative routes .Al'oa- 
nia and Bu^aria are longer and 
over pioor ro^. 

Tlte closing of the border with 
MacedcHiia is likely to lead to fur- 
ther frictioi with the EL'. Greece, 
which holds the bloc's six-mcnih 

relating prerideoev. did not inform 
fellow members 'before tbe an- 
Qocncemeat Wednesday. 

“It is not good for tire European 
construction and it is not good for 
the family spiriL” a sp^esman f<ff 
European Commission srid in 
Bnissw. “We will ask for claiiTicaT 

Tbe cenunission reserved a for- 
mal position until after a Friday 
meeting of the foreign ministers a 
Mgium. Greece and Germany. 

Privatdy, officials suggmted that 
Greece acted iO^ally. A single EU 
state “cannot dose ^f an exiemai 
border of the union.'' said a Bd^iao 

diplomaL “OnN tbe EU Couned of 
Ministers can do tbaL” 

Ministers can do tbaL” 

Many EU members wne already 
irritated over pressure Greece bad 
exerted to block diplomatic recog- 
ru'tioD of Macedonia. 

SLx EU countries angered Greece 
in recent months by extending 
fomatic recognition to Macedonia. 
The U oited States recognized it last 
weeL M/*, Reutersl 

Split on Election 


BRATISLAVA, Slovakia — Slo- 
vakia's pariiamen t was 
into dismy Thursday after the 
government and oj^ioritioa failed 
in attenqits to call electiems. 

The National Conncil on 
Wednesday voted down Prime 
Minister Vladimir Medar's call for 
June ekctioos, two yeais ahead d 
schedule. His of^xments srid they 
planned a no-confidence vote 
against him. after they failed 
Thursday to set dections for No- 
vember, mgblightiog ^lits in oppo- 
riiion ranks. 

Opporitioo deputies had said 
thqr wanted ftedi genenJ dections 
in November ratho' than June so 
that tbe vote would eriocide with 
local polls. But Mr. Meciar said he 
SQ^Nseted his bid for Jurie was de- 
feated rinqily because the qipori- 
tkm wanted more time to wont out 
a canqi^ platform and imify 
dieir dnrt&l ranks. Tbe txmi b in e d 
opporitioo now musters 83 of the 
1 50 votes in the coundL 

pie for the posrilaliQr that U.S. 
Forces nu^t be involved ttf aeriiti 
oe to taBc about i! as we get doser.” 
Clinton said: The Ameriran 
people, I tia nk. nadetstand ndialis 
at stake here; and understand our 
inioest in not perroittisg Sangevo 
to be shelled and hundreds rtf thou- 
sands oS people’s lives to be de- 
stroyed and worim^ for a peaceful 

T have not oonmntted gronnd. 
troops to this conflieL I have said 
that we would porticqi^in NATO 
air strikes, and I tfaude it is the ti^ 
thing to da” 

IXYs southern Eurapem coffiiw 
er, said tbe UN puumed to plan 
more NATO^nined fonwd air 
caatraOers on the ground in 
VO to keep air strikes on target They 
could alro <&ea arxy strikes against 
frsces letafwiing against UN peace- 
keeper on the grcwiML 

In Zagid); tbe cajutal of Croatia, 
UJS. Goeral Gem^ A. Jonhvan, 
N.ATO^s si^neme comnander in 
Euit^ said Tluiis^ thri the 
Western alliance and UN had 
agreed m defining what “coomir of 
SCTbian guns around Sangevo 

“We are in agreanenl over tbe 
definitioa of oontrri,” Genori Jool- 
W80, who is also conmiafuta' in 
diief of U.S. forces in Emp^ said 
after talks witit Yasu^ Alrarin; the 
UN enwv to Zagreb. 

Mr. Akasfa' must give bis BimI 
assent before NA'TO my 

a garact Mtigpjg in Briarria 

DifTerenoes were iqrotted lo have 
emerged between NA’IO and UN 
peacrireqira in San^evo over vejs 
of contidUng or w t tii d ia wn g the- 
Seitian wemoos. But General Jbdr 
wan and Kv. Akashi said NATO 
and the UN had no risagreemenis 
about the terms of tbe rir strike 
uWmanrm. fJiguta^AJ*) 

Washington (Renten) — An ririine passen^ group We^Ksday 
identified sewpirirq^nnH of t^wodd it vfarwkl as “dangerous*' and utgri 
ah avoid them. : 

The Interaational Airline Passengers Assodatioa listed China. Sontii 
Kona, fodia, afi trations in Central Africa ami tiie foniier Soviet states as 

ariras-ro avoid: In 'South Aiucaic8,- k cx^ r^giaziri tiuougfa tbe 
Andes and fligbtB irUo; out of and widiin Gdombia. The group said the 
duger criteria! indii^ accidents; qo^ty of air contid, Iqaddngs and 
aiipcHt imd'ahfme sriety arid secu^ 

David Sten^er. executive ditectoc of tbe association’s Western Hemi- 
!qibete office, s^ the fist ^ pubhsbed so the group's members could 
make iofonned deciridn do wbke to travd. Most roonbera five in areas 
triiere rir ba£5c is ve^r safe and may xipt raltze the ririra they face in 
otb9 areas,' he said. 

Sinfs were filed ri a IVie entire bottcr^^ 17 tourists m southos 
Egypt; sectirify sooioes srid Thuisdqy, but nob^ was hurt The CaiiD 
goveoiment denied m a sratopreattiiri the shekitiitgeoruahuted an attack, 
attribatingirrofanners. . 

A Ins Aiigifes cruise firm was fined ficu drutqaog trarii in the Gulf of 
Alaska Tiro U.S.Coari Guard filled Prinrxreurira $25,000. (Reuters) 
In sn effort to oonbri aine in die U.&. Idands, Sl Crmx’s 
largest retafieis are taring toy guns off thric The toy we^xms 

mdu^ BB 0ins; peOet guns and water guns. ' - • (AP) 

H*s uoqf lo sahaaftu 


MoaheaK onn 


WASHINGTON —A new navigiitkm system nshig 24 satdlhes 
teDs apOot-witlim indus vrtiecebis is. of^ makmg it posable 

to laiia m poor weatiier inst^ <ti beiiig Averted to other airports. 

The Grobri Poafioning System, devrioped 1w the Defense D^ 
partmeoL is now availalw fw avOian use; Davw Hmson, head of ' 
tire Federal Aviation Arfotinratratioo, Thund^. 

. OoDtrzTOQtal Ait Bneg is' already uang the system for latuimg e at • 
' Aspeo^ Coknado..It has.toade ISg landings there that w^ild T^ave- 
had to be divert becaiw of weutiier or darkness. 

'Dk poritioaing qfstem's'24 satelfites, dzding tiie worid at an 
altitude of 11,000 mDesG7,fi00BlQnielgsX said and receive signals . 
from locatois riioard ahcrafL ' 

By_ measuring how Ic^ it trite the nitfio s%nal to travd to a • 
. saidfite and baric, the qpriem can teQ a pQot how far he is fron that 
satelltto The ^ystra and ground eqnqKpent can fix tbe poritkmtrf a . 
plane within inches by c omparing smnri timi- feooi four cQwJKfi»a - 
' ■ ComprUMCS other ttiimccMimMaa rariiiieii nsa the CTriem.Unjied . 
Pmcei Serviee. for atamp!^ ia imakf^gaat«»ni«i» for use 

in'its trbcics and aircran.- Some antotnobSe'rtiannractiireis have 
anrumneed plans to offty riia Amt tr iiriiiiigrfrm« *k n gre 


Uang tiro system vrill allow aiiplaiimio take more direct routes ' 
arid tofly rioeertogcdier, Mr-.Iuiisoa arid, wdodt could resuh in. 
savzz^ d akmeeadi'jear. 

He added tiiat tiro Uinted Statesis maringgood'on a primnse of ' 
former fteadent Rcoald Reaort' lo'inake tire terimriogy available. - 
fo(hefest<tf.AewritIl);^.ReB^inade^(^^ I$^^er 
Korean Ahlines Plight 0(D-wenit off cooere arid was riiot down over . 
the Soviet Uokn. 

MCI CALL USA service makes calling a pleasure^ 
Reaching home has never been as easy, as as iiiexp^s^ 

T-? r.? 3 rr u S [jy. wierr {t'.t nufr,ber ntsi to the country you're caHmg from. Ari En^ish-toerivrig operator Will put yOur crif thim^'fnstriift 

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M-:v ■;& ■«& jrc » Tff y ^^0 praa jg;& jwc vf .ne& rrwnsygongw^ ptagrear^ hms quo 

Imprime pv Otfpnnt. 73ruJeVEvint^le. 7^18Pais. 


BCKjOTA (NYT) In what augrs^ri.a aewera of peace zntiie .# 
virimadty oi MedeOhi, the govonmeaiahd'atiGqn 4QB urban 
an a g iBernimt that cttlld lead tO 8 aCOWd. 

crilsQD^tireirireistogiyetip twams. At (besame tme, the 
goyenuiriit has-pritfiised to trogodate sociri and pefitieri beriefits for Ur 
tebels and to guarantee their, seconiy wh3e apeaceped is worked ouL 
For the past 10 yeus; Meddlfe'Ids been tiw.scene of violence as the 
MedeHiD.d^ cartdfo^t hs sronies and tlro^rike, and sns took 
' olw eutire iiaAboA6o& in the dtj^s poverQFrteGkmiboti^ 

. years ag0;Tebd militias.aaay hacked by leAiA guerril^ factions, added 
to the wolenoeby foretii^ omed corrmian^ um& tiuifrfe^^ 


*ton1«du ,s,tachiw^itoiftum 

Natanlttadco Serro 

dS~S5 IKfitical aOTluma S130 fee aad 

for 150 days m an effort to deter 
^ap pB^ts and cat the immense l^be of asyhm the 

aasyy s gqmiv comntKMftnftr has 5aid 

^ dqiuty iznmi^a&cm onnmissioiiei, Cbae Sik, said-oomt 
geoerally make H easy for mumgrants to 
nosaan*sJand awmSag 


IK Hedging asyJuzn ooipe now faces a baddM of '364^ 
pendmga^um applications. (jifjr) 

t« 1990 

*^^**® *^*‘***^ torid 4e 

^rauDBQt aS the fa imli ar faces who had been xanomg tlungs ior 

Clintons^ Arkansas Deals to Get Grand Jury Scrutiny 

LTITLE ROCK, Arkansas — Robert B. FUke Jr^ 
tfaeind^wndeot ootmsd inv estigating the real estate 
mvestmeots ^ and IfiQary Rodham has 
ob^ned an order to convene a special gra^ jtny 
devoted to that case. 

' Dtetiict Judge Stephen M. Reasoner ruled that 

such a grand jmy should be inmandted because the 
pend now sitting in little Rm is not pr^a^ to 
cbncmoe Tong enoogh to bear (he evidenae in (he 
Qiaton^ eascL . 

' The mow imderacores the oooszdersUe scope aad 
len^ of the inquiiy that the qxcial coital U prqsar* 

mgto undertalm. 

''The inwBstigatioD is aoti^Mted to involve more 
than 1 anDioa-documeais, 20(1 to 300 mterwews and 

oyer 20 Fraeral Boreau ci Investigauon agents and 
othtf asdsmnts,**^ Judge Reasc^ SM in his order late 
Wednesday. ‘^As sii^ the duties of any grmd jury 
investigaiiiig this matter are much nxxe extensive than 
the court had previousW enviaoned.** 

Altbou^ Mr. Rskenas to estimate bow 

long his fflvest^aticm wiO last, he said in a britf 
tdephohe inteaview that he has rented an ^wrtment in 
ZJztie Rode for a year and o^ieets to be fin^ied fay the 
time lus lease is up. He sad the tfaree^year lease (a his 
new ofBces' here had been negotiated by tiie govern- 

meni and meant nothing as far as the length of the 
investigUon was concerned. 

Mr. Bske, a New York lawyer, was appointed last 
month iy Atmmey General Juei Reno and assigned 
to examine the investment Presideoi and Mrs. Clinton 
made as ^rmera with James and Susan McDougal in 
a nonhwestern Arkansas real estate deveit^tnem pro- 
ject known as the Whitewater De\elopmem Co. 

Amoi^ other things. Mr. Fske is trying to deter- 
mine whether the ClintMS paid the appitopriace taxes 
00 their mcome from the project, whiter federally 
guaranteed money froffl a saving and loan own^ by 
Mr. McDoagal was used for ibe project or found its 
way into Mr. Clinton's politica] campaign coffers, and 
whioha Mr. Clinton used fats position as governor of 
Aikansas to beneCt Mr. McDwgal or Whitewater. 

Picsideot Clinton said Thursday that he bad lost 
money in the Whitewater venture over a long period of 
rime, diarKterizing h as a “simple strai^tforward 
tbrng** that would not turn into a Wateipte-siv'le 

The jxesident was asked in a radio interview how be 
had fflstaged to lose S£9,000 in Whitewater while he 
was Aikmsas governor, when his salary was just 
S35,000 a year and fats nife's salary as a (aaver was 

“Because we loa it over a long period of time.** be 

said. “Most of it — the loss — was when wc paid the 
bank loans back with interest, and we never goi any 
monev' on me interest, so it happened over a long 
period of tune.” 

In addition to Whitewater, the Fiske invesli^tion 
will look into the question of whether Mis. Chnton 
and her law finn violated anv conflict -or-inieresi rules 
bv first representing Mr. Mcbougal's savings and loan 
and later acting on faehalf of the govenunem after the 
thrL^l cdkqTsed. leaving che taxpayers with a 547 

.Mr. nske said be expected that ibe new 23-member 
vracd jury would sit more than the usual two or three 
cays a month to evanune evidence, take testimony and 
dedde whether to india people. The first stes the 
franc juiy is expected to tue be to issue sunpoe- 
DOS ic iraponani witnesses. 

.Mr. McDougal's firm. Madison Guaranty Savings 
and Loan, was taken over by govemnent relators in 

Mr. Fiske and his stafl* wth be iovestigaiing, among 
other things, whether Mr. McDougaTs saMngs and 
loan improperly funneled money into Whitewater, a 
330-acTe (93-h^tarei vacation home development 
along the White River in no/tbem Arkansas, or into 
Mr. 'Cihuon's campaigns when be was governor of 

Mr. Fiske has already announced his inientioo to 
tate sworn testimony from the Qintoos, aad prosecu- 
tors from his office are certain to be intervieu^ other 
oTficfals at the W^tc House and Justice Oepanmeni. 

With the investigatioa beginniu to get into gear, 
other govemmeot officials said Tfaiusday that Mr. 
Fiske bad decided to offices in Washington and 
Neu' York in addition to the one here. 

They said he had been seeking (rffice space in 
Washington because many witnesses are ibm and 
because be tvill be looking into the ciicumsiaiices 
^irroundiog ibe death of Vincent W. Foster Jr., the 
dqiuty White House counsel and longtime friend trf 
the Colons' who oommitled suidde last July. 

At the lime of Mr. Foster’s death, papm conoeni- 
ing die Whitewater Deveiopment Co. were in his (rffice 
in the West Wing of the White House. The files were 
never put on an inventory ^ Mr. Foster’s office but 
were sent by the White House counsel, Bernard W. 
Nussbaum, to the Clintons' personal lawyer, Dav^d 

Early this week, Mr. Fiske's office served a subpoe- 
na seekJag a wide range of documems on tbe Rose law 
firm in iJtUe Ro^ where Mrs. Clinton and several 
high-ranking adminisuauon officials, induding Mr. 
Foster, were once senior partners. 

f-VJT, HT, UT, Reuurs) 

uMwaoenhip job longer than anyoK m staite histay. ' 
^. _^¥ ^?Sy°^'”^°o*to^»veq«tietbvidwnhistiiKoome8.m 
novemoer 1990. Instead he is ctuiskraingnmmiig fair what^faea 
va^t state Senate seat from his base ra Sm Frandsco. 

If deet^ he may seek- the<Senaie ptoidenqr vnflt simpc^ fiom 
many of ^ assembly allies, who also faope to run fok & Senate 
because or term lumts. ' - 

“If I am dected totheSenate;*' Mr. Brownsaid, *1 ^notbea 
lame duck until the end of tbe catuiy.'* By then, he added, lie hopes 
that term fintits unD have been repealed. Assembly manfaes can now 
havettuKtwo^VTOrtenng«id smaft>f ^im^m<>tf 

are restricted to tw foar>year tenns. . . - (FY7) 


Washington — Pteddent bub CKtifnn ovendd his hftairh 
care plan to an andieooe of myiiig h was die onty 

ptop^ to provide pies^tions for the ddedy mi oto benefits. 

Inhere are a few mq<x plans before the Ctmgiess'iiow^** Mr. 
Qintoa said in a speech m Edison, New Jeis^, on Wednesday. 
“Only one of them proposes to lamp Medicam'rtmag and mdeat'k 

care and prescriptim^E^p Aie^ — piw pnwii* ^ 

Not so fast, said Senator Wdlstone, a MamesotaDemoent 
who sponsoed one of the otto plans that Mr. <Tintffln r efa^ to. 
Mr. WeDstone*s bin also provides for loDgrtexm care and cove^ the 
cod (tfpiascnptitm drags fv senior citiia^ ' 

Mr. Cifl tmi J^a- said that he was w ron g and that to. Wefiston^s 
l^jaladon does cover loag-tiech care and ptescqttibas, a Wl^ 
House spdceaaan said (AP) 

Quote/UnquoiCe . ' 

The first d ec tfo ia c mait ccmmuakatkxi b e tw ei m tiro heads of 
^emmeni b^an widi a mess^ from Mme Xfinisttf Cad Kldt of 
Sweden to PresideotCJintOD: It ran, in part: ‘TJearSOk-'^f'^Tioin 
testing this connection cm the gk^mteniec system, 1 want to 
congratulate you on your decisKitt to 0^ die trade 'tmheigD on 
Vietnam." (Rjoam) 

Clinton Plan Marks 
Shift on Homeless 

By Jason DeParle 

Hen Ycrit Tima Serriee 

Washington : — a draft of the admm2stration*5 plan to end 
bomdessness says the proUem is “far larger than eommottiy 
ibraigbr and cub for qpendhig large, altbr^ an^redfied, new 
sums <m boosing, mental health and tax credit prqmams. 

The plan, Mnch was ordered last tpting Preadent B2! Clinton 
and drafted fay an intengency grotqi fay three cabiMt 

seeretanes, roiesents a departure from a 12-year stand<^ between 
advocates and gpvenuneat <^ciab about tbe soope and cause of 

If the draft b endorsed by Mr. Qinton, it would mart the first 
time the government has ci^ homelessness a brgp-scab problem 
that AtmtmAft a laiy federal tespoose. 

In uto advocates h^ called an efforrto mtnnnizB the scope of the 
proU^ Rqmbtican adntinisirations had said that about 600J100 
Americans were homdess on any ghm i^t, with the majority 
anffering drugs, drink or mental itltiaii^a 

The adnnnistration's rqwrt, to contrast, endwses recent esti- 
mates riM» as msOT as seven Ameihmns we re bomelest at 
stm point in the me 1980s. 

And while it agrees that drugs aad mental fifaiess are common 
amoQg the honri^ tiie r^iort also argua that poverty, radsm and 
past bndgei cuts are pushing many into tbe ranks of the 

^omekssness has a stmennal problem in America: 

chrome; oontmoqus, laiM scale, complex,*’ said Hen» G. Cboeros, 
secretary of hottsmg andurban development, wfao is (hainnan of the 
gr ou p that drafted the pbiL 

Tm rqrocl b under review by the Office of Mmu^ment and 
Bud^ ^ otto White House (rfficials, who may revise it before 
pBssmg it on to ihepresideaL 

.A. Quake 

-.Jgf Aifgdeti Timer Sirikt- . 

freeway dwnlder into an extra lane and vtinz ■ 
by more ptSte oommnten.'Jt*i aO right to 
ignore a long fine for an off-rangi, then race 
ahead aad tiy to jam into tiie taiie at tile last 

When cFOwdiii^ into a carmnotw: tram, 
don’t bother waitmg for .ochea to dbembait 
first Go ahead and hoard food; Red Criw 
workera are required to feed all taken on a 
Gm-oemofirst-served basu. so no oat will 

fiat do not more Ka {crowded itiaastei 
shelter. If your ndg^ibbr anciRS, don't wake 
him up: tiie tadtet means at he^ somecai^B' 
■Betting some rest. And, ftoheisea’s sato 
hoM w ra tlm sexnal aemvi^ vdieayonr 130 
roommates are trying to rito). 

These are the new rules as soutiin CbB- 
fonuans are rewriting' them, tbe ievaumed 
erriy and sodal cimtraets are imoo d iin g 
the days and nt^ts in potiipiake Los Angis 

lea.- BfuylbauLsbas dieu^ sbice Jan. 17, 
thanks to.aj5.S; tremor tint taR.tbe icon's 
social fiabdc to .ineoes. 

■ &sept for the oocasonal flash of pace or 

ooaqiauai^ if s eveyoK for hirnsdt » the 
area ^gs out bom under tbe nibble and 
attnigits to coxy on. 

Tim are fidta in emergency aoistance 
Bpc^.fwndmioodstany iiansactioai Sdo 
drivCT^ tiie car^pod toes; talgatingis no 
loiqec juit a sport for the busy BMW diiver 
to a. way of fife for the masses. 

"No'one to no one has recovered bom the 
qo^" said XJIfi Friedland, a m^dudtost 
ad mento of tto IxM Ang^ ttoity ny- 
chologica] Assoctation's toaster xtoonie 
tmm. the worst tiuLifs ever been.” 

. 9m added; ‘‘We're 

lerel Im and peo^ at a sorvivillevd have 
areal prwemtgmgingdirir most co ui teons 
sdves finwaid."' 

But tiie briumor played at in fines and a 
beew^ is more tlun just a Iqw of good 
. mannas. The beoc social codes that kept 

mocb of Southon CalUbmia fuKtioamg as a 
oommunity have been sacrificed to fear. 

Tbe bad bdiavior tiiat has re^tiaced the 
fanner etbos has ou goal, Kirk Mureto, 

assodate jdqmdan at the Univasqr of CaU- 
fonda, Los Angeles NeuioFwyGfaiatoic Issti- 
tore a^ Ifosintd: "averting loss in onfs own 
immectiBie sphere." That most fikdy will be 
the law of the tod until freeways are mend- 
ed, jobs letom and amdeQr toris recede. 

Bemuse breakxog the anwiitten ruks of 
social mterconrse carria no Jul sen t eoce or 
tangjUe fine, “we very much nnderestimate 
how pervaave those niles are,” ays Jeny 
Jeltisto 4 peyolxdr^ and pr^essor at the 
Univenity of Sootoan Cahfonta. 

Tunes of "natural ^saster, seaidty and 
Cfaito, war. dvil unrest" cn»e nmnul rules 
to be thrown out the window, Dr. Jdfison 
says, ^ cause societies to struggle with the 
lewtiting process. 

How long it wfll take for the pressure to 
ease and bduvior to return to ttormal is 
anyone’s gness. 

Moscow Opemsiik)or to U.S. Drug Firms 

i - By Philip J. PBlts 

; ,Vew Toffc T^nerSwvtoe- ' ‘ 

* WAStHNOTON — Russia ^, 
i agt^ to bBow the sate of virtns% 

* debugs made in die United States 
land approved by the Food and 
i Drug Adnuttistratioo, tiie Clinioo 
. y Amwiw tratiQii tos announced. 

Tbe ngreemenl; winch takes ef- 
! feet immediaidy, was described Iqr 

* the Food and Ltofg Administration 

• ‘ as the first in vrindi any country 
ibas fannsBy tmed to rdy so 

* heavily on aDotber to issiire that 
; Hrti ge s(^d witto its boeden art 
•‘safe and effective. ' 

* AnyprescrmtiMiorncaiptociq)- 

■ tiem chug nude in the Umto Kates 
! and approved by tbe dmg ag^ 
: sow or m die future wifl be aoured 

i of mmroval witfam 90 in Ri^ 
•sis. Pharmaceutical oompanies 
ixwwid simply be required to give 
;tbe Russian Heal th hfim saydoefr 
•mentatteoef thcTO^ _ • 

; Dr.- Mary K- 

'P fifri ii iri tli»« AfiMrirri erwifa 

pames toe' ap^. soon to 

• led negotiations with th e.R nma ns - 
^over the last year, said mqKto^. 

jnedicinwlilreanPbioticaan dmsn- - 
fin were in crtianely short simply 

- *1116 agreement is also eoqieeied 
-to be a boon, for American drug 
' conyaniks trying toenter the Rn»- 

aan nretoL jiaitotof ^ 
RnssU bins S300 nuDirm to S400 
mnifm uimth of foid^ dntoan- 
nnaBy to.-a'poody simpfied and 
chaotic inatketplaca, U.S. offidais 
saU, uncLAmcncandrngs account 
-.for only $7 ntiOto of that France 
and It^.eacbbave total drag xoai^ 
kets of aboat 512 bSkn toutoy, 
the. inAutiy -ws. The Unito 
Sutes aiaito te SSS biBioa anaual- 


. Rkhatd R. Saul, iiwisnat vice 
preadto far-Eorope'al the Fito' 
maceotical Manufactmeo' Associr 
atto hto saM die maricet in Rjds- 
sia had bto- toy unstable and 
frustratoig'fof .years. • 

- "But poteniudly it ebold be 
large,” to. Saul said. *%bmpames 
ffleeVand'tiiepctola'fbe'end is a ' 
share cfa-hig nunkeL’*' . 

' Under the previous ^tem in 

Russia, had to sutost 

datain Rnstoi trantiatioa on aB 

airfmiit and ^wmati fCStS, 

'dx^locBte to human o^erimoits 
Bosoa, and submit the en- 
tire padcage to oomimttees in to 

The ^oeeis was omenave and 
todc years, and to outcomes were 
uiqireifictalfle. Of thousands of 
drto approved 1^ to Food and 
Drug Adnumstrawn, 40 hare been 
qipiored to ^ ™ 

-But b qswwring tins wedc. Dr. 
Fendeigut said to Health tonis- 
try has uceed to ap prove UB.- 
nude and redouBy iqipirov^ dnqs 
within 90 d;^ of to suboussion of 
ahiac description of to drug and 
its amion. a copy of to official 
approval tetter, and to latest fed- 
ciu .iDtotouni rqports from the 

Thel^md and Drug Admmistra- 
- tion is tryxu to de^^ a way to Susaians by cmigmter 
about toobteau that arise with 
drvj^ ft has miroyeid Dr. Peoder- 
gsa sad ttiat Russia had litfle civil, 
property or contract law and that 

Bat semiebumMapeoptewhoiiare 
run toganttei of to Health Minis' 
try e xp re a ed skqiticism that to 
agree iTO t could cut throt^ a bu- 
reaucracy hankered by a lack of 


T think h is a healto step, be- 
cause nntfl DOW it has 0 (a very, 
voy hard to understand to rqjs- 
tration system,” said Sogd A. 
Tkvetfcov, a partner in . ^ gr m f fii 
U.SA, which ixrids distribution 
rights here for Rugby Laboratories 
Inc., a maker of generic drags in 
RockvBle Centre, New York. 

If to iqreemmt works, £U Lilly 
& Ca quickly win approval 

to maricei five phannaceuticals in 
Rustia, to metoal dnector for to 
company in Moscow, Alexei V. 

Sergeyev, said 
&st he added "We aD have 
doubts as to whetiw it vriU realN 
be mqileiiMated because we all 
have eiqierieaoe woridng here in 
Rusaan circunistaBoes.” 

Awsy Ffoin PolitiiM 

• Prospectire jtoxs were asked 

death penalty and shown gr»to« ctophi^ 
Wednes^y as lawyos in GamesviDe, Florida, be- 
san picking a pand to iwwnnta^dtha lifem 

prisem wdectrocoti^ to a^man;^ fated^ 

cones students. Damw Rolhag, 39/atoBed m:. 
CCTintha* ttf idited to five studats m J99Q. 

»TBe pw«& of a 
eating S^taminated 

Box ^aurani haw settled then SL3 

million. Midiael Note o^aw^^ashh^ 
was one of four chfldrw^. 

were blamed on a lypeof £ toJtenktottd to 

p ^iywiHisred hamboigari ™ faswood reaan- • 
rantdiain. • • 

• Pes&Me sprayfcig 
after todty lost acourt 

aeainsf to MediterraM«i frml to. ^.qlBnais 
^tntded the sprai^ was. a flS^ tojmWaiB. : 

•Defeure fanryen ni Antoaio, Texas, began 

' caB Iramn panid^ 

conminiM Jaa Fd).-28. Vifith gun^ eradcHn g fo 
.to bac^gronod, a sect member, Wgyne Martin, is 
houd^tiioBtnte: "There’s 75 men arc^ our braid-* 
ing and- tiie^ shpoting. at usl Thil ’em there's 
draditn and women m.h^ and to caB il off!" 

• A JttB accused of being M ocoDfaed-^^ 
iR uto dootiaated Ltmg Islaad^^i^ 
ooBectioaboaney igre^ to itie^ ^ty to con- 
^nriqg to mnida two men umo had fo^t Mafia 
inSuenoB-in to busiiam, according to hu- lawyer. 
The defendahL Salvatore Avdlino Jr., 58, agreed 
tb-ptettiBuilQr tonnader conanney and racko- 
teeriog-toiges in retura for oisntiwal of oths 
• . .AP.NVT 

Es-iycasurer Enters 
Gnfl^ Fba m Tax Case 

The AasodaitdPmi 

WASHINGTON — The fwmer 
treasurer of to United States, Cat- { 
afina Vasquez VUlalpaado, has 
agreed to plead mOty to evading 
more than 547,000 in US. income 
ta^ obstructing justice and coo- 
spwg to COK^ her ctotinuing 
fiaanaal fffifa to her former em- 
ployee, officials said Thursday. 

Mis. VlBalpando serred as trea- 
surer tom December 19^ to Jan. 
20, 1993. Her si^ia&ire appears os 
U.R p^ier mofi^ pnntu durmg 
that time. The Justice Department 
said tot for 1989, to reported 
taxable income of S16L983 while 
her real taxable income was 
5329384, thus ereding $47J)13 is 

IT HFFn RV MFXiraN HF.RPTJs — AbwaMn ChigteilanoR, fomief Chrapas state govemnrT shalring hands wtifa a Red fjnsa gBvoy, 
T^bt, Mter Z^Htistas released hto from captivity. On Thunday, tto govenniieiit siM Into irilh insargeols wolrid begin Mondi^. 

Will Insurance Pay 
For Clinical Trials? 



rS,r* imitt ti 0Uyltimg v* **■* ■' I* !*• 

questions about liability had not 
been resolved. 

In Moscow, offidali of U5. 
phacmaoeatical conqiames active 
in to coonby v^cemed to pact 

By Gina Kolata 

flee York Times Serriee 

NEW YORK — Insuinoce com- 
panies have acted in an "arbitr^, 
and capiidous” way in deciding 
whether to pay fra treatment of 
breast caocer fwtients wbo are pxr- 
tidpaiing in a study of an experi- 
swnta] theupy. researcbe n say. 

Dr. William Peters and Dr. Mark 
Risers of Duke Univeraiy report 
that about a quarter of insurance 
conqianies refused to pay for wom- 
en to have bone marrow uuns- 
pian tt and high-dose chemoibcn- 
m as part ^ a fedeiaBy sptmsoied 
pmiiftgl triat 

The doctors say tot in some 
cases the same conqiany turned 
^wn oue patient’s claim and 
granted aooiber's. although there 
was DO apparent medical distinct 
tion betwm the two patients. And 
tfaQ' soy that patients wbo brought 
in a lawyer tvere likely to get what 
tb^ wanted. Their study on insur- 
ance company practices was pub- 
lished Thursday in The New Eng- 
land Journal of Medidne. 

Insurance companies and their 
consultants otgected to this durac- 
teitodon of their decisons. ^ 

Susan ^eeco, execu- 
tive directra (rf mediezDe and quali- 
w management at Blue Cross and 
Bhie SHumTs n»Hrmni beodqoanexs 
in Chicago. "1 think tbepoiides in 
place r^arding tbe Gnancing of 
Hmirai trials, particularly with 
breast cancer, were ddiberatc and 
venr tboughtfiil.” 

u November 1990, Blue Cross 
instituied a ^>ecial program in 
which its affiliates could vefuotari- 
ly for breast cancer patients in 
(he tweral bone manow transplant 
Study. M& Cteeson said. .About 
half joined tbe ^gram. But Blue 
Cn«s does not, m general, pay for 
experimental treatments, to said. 

‘'Tbe reasoo this comes to a bead 
m bone marrow transmits is that 
His very, very exp^ve," Dr. Rog- 
ers sairL “But this is a problem that 
crosses many, many other lines.” 

Dr. Peters and Dr. Rogers re- 
ported in tbe medical jour^ that 
77 percent of the 5J3 women who 
wanted to enter their study (tf bone 
marrow transplants and bigb-dose 
chemotherapy for advanced breast 
canoer got assurances from their 
health insurance companies that 
to companies would pay. 

Of to 121 who were raid they 
would be dcatied payment. 62 had 
the tranralani anyway. Thirty-nine 
^ them tetcr managed to persuade 
their insurance oompanies to re- 
verse to decisioD not to pay, and 
half of them did this after getting a 
lawyer and threatening to sue. 

Ms. Cleesoo. however, said that 
during tbe ^e years that to study 
was t^er way, insurers were reas- 
sessing their decisions to refuse 
coverage for bone marrow traas- 

AJtbouti> Ur. Peters described 
bone marrow transplants as a ther- 
apy that “has b^un to show clini- 
cal promise." in fact tbe study is 
bring doue to see if it is any bnter 
than coDventional diemotorapy. 

“It’s clear that this test is experi- 
menuL” Or. Eddy said "That’s 
why they’re doing to trials." And. 
be added vimially every insuranoe 
company's contract s^ it wfll not 
pay for expauxotaJ treatments. 

U.S. Diplomat ReEuses ! 
Drunken DmingTest | 

TXr Assodatei Press I 

HELSINKI — A U.S. diplomat ! 
driving twice to ^eed limit in a i 
Helsinki suburb was pulled over by j 
officers, twi refused to take an al- . 
cobol test or explain Us actions, tbe j 
police said Thursday. ' 

“Weeannot be sore, but we chink I 
he bad been drinking.” said Police j 
Chief Inspectra Unto Anrto. Tlis I 
car smrited of akoboL” The police I 
prevented him from driving away I 
for 90 minutes until U.S. ^ba^ I 
officials arrived and drove off with 1 
tbe car and its occupant, be said. ! 

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' i 


Europe Moves to Play Catch-Up in Asia 

By Tom Bueride 

Intenuttanal HeniU Tribune 

BRUSSELS — Two da>’$ after 
the U.S.-Japaaese trade talks col- 
lapsed in failure, Koichiro Mat- 
suura, Japan's foreign mia- 
ister for economic affairs, arrived 
here to brief Eurq}caa officials on 
the outcome. 

The scenario was routine, but its 
symboUsm — Eon^ as a bystand- 
er to the relationship between the 
United States and the boomioe 
economies of Asia — is a cause of 
groiking coocem here. 

European (rfffeiais are starting to 
fight back, aiming to raise their 
profile in Aria to capture a share of 
ibe world's most dynamic and fast- 
est-growing market 

dtancdlor Helmut Kohl of Ger- 
many set the pace in November, 
identifying Asia as Germany's top 

foreign policy priority and leading 
senior indusnialists on a sht^rping 
tour^ China. Sir Lecm Brittan. 
Eujvpean Union trade ctrief. wiQ 
visit China later this month and on 
Thursday launched an EU cam- 
paign to promote exports to Jiq)aiL 

**U'5 about time we focus^ on 
Asia," Sir Leon said in an inter- 

But the efforts won't produce a 
coherent European M\ky toward 
Aria anytime soon, diplomats and 
ai^ysls say. 

Europe remains (Uvjded: The 
free-trade, export-oriented coon- 
tries such as Britain and Germany 
consider an Asian role in^>erative 
to their ability to compM, but 
France and other Mediterranean 
countries have few historical ties to 
Asia and regard its ligm as a threat 
to their prosperity, said Andid Sa- 
pir, head of the lignite of Europe- 

an Studies at Brussels Free Univei^ 


And most of Eonm remains 
preoccup^ with the bloc's inter- 
nal devdopmem and with instabil- 
ity on its eastern and southern bor- 
ders, I^. Sapir added. 

"There is no policy toward 
Asia." be said. 

Even if Europe can agree on its 
economic interest in Aria, its lack 
of deep political and dtplomatic 
links in tte remoo. with the excep- 
tion of Britain's presence in Ho^ 
Kong, is a barrier to greater trade, 
said Richard Grant of the Roy^ 
Institute of Imemauooal Affaus in 

"Europe has to buOd political 
ties if it is soious about establisfa- 
ing long-term, stable rdalions in 
the FCgioa." Mr. Grant said. 

Economic and strat^c intCFests 

TRADE: ffasokatoa Seeks to Placate I/.5. on Trade 

Conti nu ed from Page 1 

sokawa may soon send another 
sperial envoy to Washington to ex- 
plain what be is doing. 

Finance ministers from the 
Group of Seven industrialized na- 
tions meet on Feb. 26 in Frankfurt, 

and the presu^^>tion is that Japan 
would like to have the outlines of a 

would like to have the outlines of a 
plan ready by then. 

The central irony of Thursday’s 
events is that Mr. Hosokawa was 
forced to turn for his ideas to tbe 
very men whom Washington views 
as the source tbe problem: Japan’s 
elite bureaucrats. Policy is still be- 
ing coDtroUed this emuervative 
bureaucrat, whidi has opposed 
the kind of large-scale changes Mr. 
Clinton is talking about 

On Thursday, one those top 
iireaucrats, Kmchiro Matsuura. 

bureaucrats, Rmchiro Matsuura. 
the dqnity minister for forrign af- 

we were dose" and produce a 
compromise in which some market 
openings would be announced and 
others defend for later talks. But 
hfr. Clinton's team rdused to ac- 
cept any d^ that did not indude 
spedric pledges for measarable 
progress in reducing the trade defi- 

Mr. Matsuura said that he stOl 
saw an enormous gulf between Mr. 
CHnton and hfr. Hosokawa’s views 
about the c^th of tbe trade prob- 

’’Prerident Clinton said that the 
past 30 trade agreements between 
J^ao and the United States have 
not adileved tbdr objectives,'’ Mr. 
Matsuura sdd. "My prime minister 
pointed out a numlw of success- 
es." He tidwd off a few. from pro- 
curement of more telecommunica- 
tions equipment to beef and other 

fairs, expressed disappointment 
that Mr. Omton did not accept an 
offer tbe Japanese made fast week, 
to resolve several issues "on which 

"I say bilateral imbalances are 
not caused by the failure of these 
agreements. " be said. "It is unfor- 
tunate that Japan and tbe U.S. can- 

not have a common perception of 
the causes of the bilateral trade 

When Mr. HoscAawa pm re- 
tumed hm on Sunday night, he 
was riding high in the Japanese 
mitriin. Kcw^Mpeis hailed bis nnll- 
in^iess to siana up to Mr. Chnum 
over a ^natter of prin^le: Ama> 
ca’s seennng dsire to manage^ its 
trade with Japan. The Yonnun 
shimfnin, Japan’s largest national 
daBy, the U.S. trade r^ 

resentative. Nfidtqr Kan tor. saying 
that J^tan would "have Utde hope 
of winning the trial b e caus e the 
prosecutor is also the judge.” 

Now tbe sudden rise of the yen, 
along with Mr. Qinton's o om ments 
Wednesday that he wcmld be re- 
viewing a series of cations for fur- 
ther retaliatory stqjs, has b^un to 
rattle confidence. One evening 
newscast here said that Mr. Ho- 
sokawa "must be slowly reafizmg 
now what bis deciaons have cost." 

RATES: Bundesbank's New Move 

Cantinaed from Page 1 

aUng with empk^ers in the coun- 
try's key automotive and engineer- 
ing sectors for a new conlracL 

Hie Bundesbank also remains 
concerned about undesirably high 
growth in money supply, its most 
reliable barometer hiture inffa- 
lion, which overshot its target last 
year. ‘The overhang that arose 
from rapid ^wth in money supply 
at the end of last year has bem a 
burden at the start of this yjat," the 
Bunderiiank said Ln a brief state- 
ment Thursday. 

But it also noted Utat German 
monetary policy is focused on its 

target for the full year, whidi was 
set to hold in a range betweoi 4 
percent and 6 percenL and "can 
(herefore tolerate temporaiy dis- 

Germany's Federation of Public 
Banks called the Thursday action 
"a brave step" because of the 
mark's apparent weakness, but said 
it was a "step in die right direction 
^en the unsatisfactory economic 

The Cennai) economy shrank in 
the fourth quarter after growing in 
the second and third quarters of 
1993, leading many econonnsts to 
talk openly of a "double-dtp" re- 

Certamly, that menage was reso- 
nating thnw^ the prime nmistei’s 
office. Mr. Matsuura, on the way to 
see the prime minister, said that 
"ire are mtms than prqnred to take 
further niaricet-<^)anng measure 

The problem is that Mr. Ho- 
sokawa latics tbe powa to bring 
abODt the land of r^ienings Wash- 
inglton is talking abrmL He can tin- 
ker around tbe edges of the econo- 
my, but none m bis proposals. 
eqiedaUy in government procure- 
meot and areas like insurance, 
seems bound to take a l»g slice out 
of the trade gap. In the most impm!- 
tant area, automobiles. Nobuo 
Matsunaga. tbe fomer Japanex 
ambassador to Washington, said 
Thursday that the government was 
almost powerless. 

"We can make some recommen- 
dations to the auto companies for 
some ‘vduoian' measures." be 
said. “That is alL" 

are forcing Europe to take a new 
look at Aria. East Aria now ac- 
counts for a third of wc^d econom- 
ic ou^uL more ibim either Europe 
or North America, and by some 
estimates niina will have the laig- 
est angle economy if it can sustain 
10 percent growth to fte end of tbe 

Eurow also fears bring left be- 
hind asWashingioD turns us atten- 
tion tnerea.qggly toward tbe Pacif- 
ic, a fear that persists despite 
Prerident BiH Climon's profession 
of interest in Europe here last 

Mir. KobTs trip to China was 
cl^y a reaction to the November 
summit meeting of tbe Asia-Paci/ic 
Economic Cooperation fonun in 
Scatch^ WashingscRL said Aagdika 
Vcdle at the German Society for 
Fo mg n Affairs in Bonn. "The Ger- 
mans didn't want to be left on the 
ridelines," she said. 

Sir Lera said fears that the Unit- 
ed Stales would turn the Asia-Pa- 
cific group into a free-trade zone 
exduding Europe have been elimi- 
nated by the conflation of the 
Uruguav Round of the gl(4}al trade 
agnBemriiL But Europe stiU doesn't 
want to be left out In a meeiii^ 
with Indoneaa's trade minister in 
Brussels on Monday, Sir Leon re- 
newed an EU demand for observer 
status at tbe next Asia-Pacific sum- 
mit meeting in Indoiieria later this 
year, a demuid that was rgected at 

Asian countries omnfdain of Eu- 
ropean n^lKt, both governmental 
at^ indu^rial, but say they are 
ready for deeper ties. 

Mr. Matsiiura said Japan needed 
stroi^ ties with Europe more than 
ever in li^t of the failed trade talks 
with the United Suites and Wash- 
ington’s threat to tetaUate with 
tou|[^ trade sattctioQs.'*EQn^ and 
Japtm have a common interest in 
seeking to contain U.S. anflaieral- 
ism." be said. 

Eun^ is missing out on the 
boom in the Associatiext of South 
East Asian Nadmis because its eco- 
nomic axoid with that group dates 
from ] 980 and is geared aid 

and trade prefereitoes for baric 
goods, said Adrianus Moqy, Indo- 
nesia's ambassador to the Europe- 
an Union. Tbe £U is "more cn- 
cerned about trade and 
investmeDt" to foster the ^owth of 
dectroDics and capital-goods in- 
dustries. he said. 

ANC Offer 


I '*» 


Ndsoa Maiidda aiM Anile MBustear Rood Ldbbm of.tbe Neftetbadb td 
Lobben's resuleiice in The Hagne on Tbnrsday. Mr. Mandela is on a 

tar Dgna/lfc AMoued Am 

to Hbldiid.- 

; By Paul Taylor 

' • Wa^m^an Pm Serricf 

r Jeader of tiie laiatba Freedom Par: 
- Chief Maagosutbu- Buthelezl^ 
' Tbm^y that his party would 

add to its boycott of Soutit Afii: 
ca's.Aj^ d^on despire a pack- 
^ of encessosis oTfeied by Nd- 
$00 Mandela to induce hi; 

. A katier of a second boycotting 
party,, the Afrikaner Volksftom. 
■also voiced doubts that his group 
vonld be. swayed by the new pro: 
' podls._He said iKe compnmiise 
padt^did-nbt meet the demand 
of hard-line Afrikaners for thrir 
own sepaate ethnic oare. 

The rri^oiis mean that Soot^ 
Africa’s mst all-raoes dection co 
April-^ 27 28 will be w^ed 

synboiri Ae p^cipatioD the 
.parties that most mOiiantly oppose 
entmerit that is rimected to ctmie to 
power as a resiut of the vote. It 
tatses the nric of destabilization 
duriiu thecaitqtmgiu and intima- 
cy ehaUenges and secessionist 
. moves.afterward. 

Caste Upheaval Jars India 

Upper Ranks Taj^et Newly Successful ^VntoudwMes^: 

For now, however, much of Eu- 
rope remains too inward-looking to 
meet (he challenge of Asia with a 
common purpose. 

A Frei^ diplomat said Muotiy 
ihai he d^’t "believe in Aria" as a 
focus of European policy. Europe's 
historic^ role in tire r^on is mar- 
ginal. he srid. and its most urgent 
challenges are in its own backyard; 
the need to stop the figh^ in 
Yugoslavia and prqject stability to 
Eastern Europe, ihe Middle East 
and North Amca. 

Hie Most Up-to-Date Reference 
for American Business Terms 

By Molly Moore 

iyashlngton Post Serriee 

NEW DELHI — Shivpati was walking home 
from a sweaty day in the fields recent^ when a 
gang of upper^caste meo ripped off her clothes and 
paraded her naked throi^ the streets of ber vil- 
lage in Dorthent I ndian, proddiiig her with bam- 
boo pdes as ^ sobbed and tried to cover her 
private parts with her hands. 

^vpati’s crime; Her lower-caste grown son had 
slapped an opper-caste boy for stealing peas from 
his garden. 

A surge of caste violenoe thioi^hoat ln£a in 
recent weeks has M to attacks against lower-caste 
women, dozens of slayings and lyimhings. bloody 
street riots and mqor demoostratioas that have 
shut down urban universities and large towns. 

Gass strife has long been a part of tbe ri^ 
Hindu social structure — iritii heredita^ claves 
traifitionally excluded from social deah^ with 
those above and below them. Bm soriologists and 
others say (he recent spate of violence has been 
fueled a riiift within the stria caste system. 
Lower castes, for the rust time, are emer^ng as a 
^itical and econonuc force, striking out against 
agi^d injustices. 

Tbe Scheduled Castes, fonnerly known as un- 
touchables. “have become more assotivc.’* said 
Yogendra Singh, a professor at tbe Center for the 
Study of Soci^ Systems at Jawaharial Nehru Uni- 
verrity in New DdhL “Now they’ve moved ^and 
redefined themselves. Tfae/ve found identities of 

Lower-caste voters, with the rid of disaffected 
Muslims, brought a sodriismeaniog political par- 
ty to power last auiiunn in Uttar Ftadesh, India's 
most populous state. U was the first time tbe lower 
castes had bcea mobOtzed in enough numbers to 
elect a statewide leader. 

At the same time, lower castes have been mal^ 
slow but ste^y gains io acquinug noper^, i^ . 
proving their incomes and ^tting oater jobs in 
educatimt and government, larg^ because of 
mandatixJ quota systems. 

With that new power, however, have come dash- 

es vrith higher castes. *01086 feel thr^tenedln the . 
newfound strength of whai 1&9. oonaida: inlaior . 
groi^ m a country who^ iesooioes airso lunited: 
that everyone most cos^^ Setc^ fm eoasoiuc 
survivaL Sckdb of tbe,ntiere5t dirties have' m- 
reired membeis of easres that bave-ooly recendy 
. become ecatomically suceekful, who lesait tlie 
success of those even lower dcm. 

Tliose stnig^es have eg^o^ across India. . 
Riots enqtted in the ho^ dty of Varanari after 
tower-caste men allqedW murdered three nroer- " 
castbmen to avroge a Idnne that th^ said haif not ; 
been prop^ investigated 1^ tiiepohoe. 

In rei^tton, upper-caste students raiiqta^ 
tiuoo^ lower<a$tB Hacg'an villages last 
setting.Bre to houses and anad^ Hanjans. The . 
g/wexmpeat seat troops to the .dty. and down 

uuiverrities and bosmesses. biu thd yiofeoce has 
cootimied. . 

More than 4i,()00 p<»pk wde airested m dduoi)- 
strations ndu’ Bombior last liiooth. The viokaoe 
was spailced a government dedrion to Ten 
univerrity in honor ci Babasahd> Andiedkar, a 
1950$ SQ^ leader and hero of the downtrodden 
crated with winning many rights for Utwer castes 
in postindepeadenoe Indix 
Throughout the country, reports of and 
murders of lowo-caste women by iq>per-caste men 
have increased. Last wedt rioti bre^ out in 
in ntHthern indix rite of (be Ttg Mahal, afier an 8- 
-year-oW tbi^giri was raped and'kriled.' ■— s- 
Few of the inddents have proi^ied as much 
public ouu^, however, as the hunuuation soffoed 
by Shivpati, 45, tire Hj^an (rim laborer who was 
pushed airi dragged na^ through her v0 
Her assailaats were a gang of men fixnn~die 
higher Kunnt cistei, who were vimficat- 

ing their caste honor after her 20'yeardld son 
scuffled with a 13-yeaFrOld boy whom 

he caught stealing peas. 

"A^riappinganumer-castebOTwasenoti^ . 
of a sui not to be naruraed so easuy,7.'Laikiuir ■ 
FateL the aHq^ no^ the ati^ agatnri: ' 
Shivpatt, tdd an Indian uew^pqrer iqMrrer. . 

' Chief Bcihelezi, in a harshly 
wtAded xeactioD, .decided the ccaor 
pnamire pot forih by the ANC and 
the white mtnori^ govermnent as a 
• public relations sminick. 

**What 'utter' hypocrin," Chief 
-Btttiiideai, who is also duef minis^ 
ter of the hoinelaitd of KwaZuIri 
said of the offer. "Mr. Mandda’s 
statement amounts to no more than 
■di^ p^ddring on life-and-death 

Ute padcage unveiled by Mf. 
Mabdda. the ANC leader, inidudes 
- amendments to a new interim eon*- 
stitution that would strengthen iri; 

. ponal powm, provide for a sepa- 
rate ballot for national and 
remonal pactiaments, assure sjnn- 
. hiwe status for ihe Tuhi mrmatriiy 
dtange tte name of tire province of 
Natal to KwaZulu/Natal., and 
adopt a oQRstitotioaal Fuin^rte 
that would force the next goveni- 
inent tpeeptorew^ loaccomniD* 
date tbe de^ for srif-deienmna- 
tion of any ethnic gronp in the 
cburitiy: ' 

The ANC and the gpvenuneni 
have said -that all of thejpropo^ 

wiirbe adopted by a special sesrion 
of Parliament to be convened earhr 


NTCs ^ 





The American Business Terms Dictionary includes 
over 4.000 terms from commerce, banking, investment 
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y- '? ■ Current slang and colloquial words and 
^ ^ \ phrases are included, as wei! as buzz 
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• ■ Abundant cross-referencing connects 

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* f'lumerous abbreviations and acro- 
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SCREAM: - 47 iii-j 46 ortfon SERBS: 

Contzinwd boat 1 

understood, but we oiust be very 
seoetive about it." 

Asked if he would be willing to 
5teal tbe paintuie in order to 
etze his anti-abonioD campaign, 
Mr. Knudsen rqtlted, "\’es. abso- 
iuiely.'' But whm pressed by the 
iniei>iewer to say whether be w his 
supporters were mverfved in tire 
that, be repUed. "no comment." 

The painting shows the ghostly 
outline of a wx»maa with a ter^ied 
expresrion, as she staods on a 
bridge clutching at her face. It is 
perhros die most renowned 
by Norway's greatest artist The 
haunting ioiage has become an OD- 
biem here in ami-abortion litoa- 

The printing was stolea from Os- 
lo's National Gallov on Satintiay, 
the opening day of the LiBriiain- 

mer (^v-mpics. Two people climbed 
a ladda and smuro a wind^'. 

then grabbed the 1893 pointingaod 
fled before tbe polioe arrived 

Two days eariier, a local radio 
station receii-ed on anoavmous fax 

that ponrayed a womas*s .i!Ut 
diitcfaing a screamixig fetus. AE^t 
reproduction oF "Tbe Scram" was 
in the background. “Which is of 
greater value: a chfld or a paint- 
ii^ the message ariwd. 

Tbe same day, the Norw^in 
potice refused to allow 12 Ameri- 
can anti-abortion activists into the 
country on the grounds that they 
were "stisfrected of planning to 
commit crmtinal offenses;" said 
fttter Fantemann, asastant priiee 

Mr. Knudsen and Ludvig Nessa, 
another former minkiiwr , were de- 
froefced by the state Ustheran 
Cborrii for Ftfu$in| to cany out 
thrir clerical obligations in protest 
against Norway’s abortion laws. 
Both men have often traveled 
around Norwm with fenis-ri^ 
dtriis dratched m ketchup. The po- 
lice said Mr. Knudsen was briefly 
detained Saturday iriiBedrivizig to- 
ward Ullehammer with shn iiar 
dcAs, which th^ su^tec^ wwre to 
be used in a deincKt^tion to db- 
rupi tbe inaugural ceremony of the 

Vow on Deadlme 

Gontinied bon 1 , 
more than 130 oS whom have been 
pfOiriing thb faDIs aroond Sarrievo 
smoe tbe cca5^£re went into ^ect 
last ^reek — said th^.bdieved.a' 
go63 portiqd .of the gBns'wrie 
heading towrid Sriedae and £ram ^ovo; a straiesic Muriin^ 
hrid town that cmitrw access to 
Tbzla; the laigen Mndtot-hdd te- 
gk» in Bosnia. . 

' In an interview eaxBerlhb w^ 
General Rose admowledgeir the. 
posabBity that suocessful den^ 
orison of San^evo could, remit 
simp^ in "moving tbe war dse- 

■ R^ectian in Bosnia : ; ' 

Bo^'s. vice president, ^'tm 
Ganiev rgected aiy d^oyment . 
RtKsran ON tiOOpS. 

"As you know die Ruzana are 
not neutral in tbe case rtf Bosnia^. 
Hera^ovina," he »d. "Th^ 
(fida't go iric^ with tins NATO 
pace process, we^re coire^ noi: 
wticcMmng Rusrians to guard SIri- ' 

next month, even if the outadri 
parde do not dio^ to joia the 
r deirioo. — 

A thud boyemting group, the 
hmnriand govemmait of Bophuth' 
atswana. hadnoofficiai reaction to 
.the paGkage.Utursday. but ofTcred 
some CDooura^ng signals. It is 
scheduled to meet wim the ANC 
later in the week to dtscuss its pos- 
sible partidpatiem in tbe election. 

Tlie Afmaner Vtdksfrom co- 
leader, Coastand Vt^'oen, who is 
considerod the roost prt^ection 
figure in his organiration, ex- 
'pressed doubt Wednesday night 
that the new proposal really guar- 
anteed a separate state for Araka- 
net, and said. "We wD not be ap- 
peared by anytlung less." 

Chief ButnriezTs porition is the 
atost difficult to fathom becanse, as 
a ^ Democnitic Party n^otiator 
printed rite Wednesday n^t, the 
govemment-ANC package is “very 
dose indeeii" to a parage that 
Tnifgiha ttsdf pot OD the table in 
Decechbec. ... 

-Now OuriButhdea is focuang 
00 tile Ihct that , the new govos- 
. ment would still have the power to 
few^ the 'mtetim constitution, 
witiiw suffideni Uoddng medi^: 
iti^Tor mmori^ interests. 

Hi» bairgaiiuitg stance han been 
One of constantiytinfting goalposts 
— strengtiteiuDg the. infiessku 

that he does not reafy. -want to 
oontfist the dectioo. He has suf- 
fered a pm^ntoos dedine in pulv 
£c. oftinKm sarvQFs over 'the pan 
y^, as his negotiating anM»M* 
with white ig^bti^ has cost Mm 
sqifXHt among Ms base. 
MokpriitiGal analyste now bdicye 
be c(^ ntH. evm win his home 

cvQi wititoiitrtiie paxtic^ 
of Inkatha and. the. Af^ 
VoQrifront, (he gpvaiimeni 
tile ANC-' iR^xr that.- by -|^ 
tiknra a goo(Maito<«fiQrti'to4 
tirem m,' tl^'^ be-'in 'i 'be 
positicn-tp iee>Jcroe'to-toni 
whatever actsof saboi^' tire^ 
efs m^ tinow^m tiie w^.td 


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17 One— 

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ai Goal-out 
aa Washington 
story, niaybe 

2S Remembrance 
Of things past 
re Easier to count 

Secretary of 


01 Reece 



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3T She rehed Cain 
re One side in an 
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40 Johnnie 
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reFaney-cotW ed 


Srinlion to Poztde of Fd>. 17 

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□aaania3 Eaaaiaa 
SQQ Qcnino sciiDa 
mtasin snaa aiaaaa 
Qaasd QQQQaaQQiii 
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eeNftoeiiat- — 
von Behring 
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•4 Up 

ee From the lop 
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exhaustive efforts 


'’c- ■■■■ 

By NotthSoj^ 

^ Vienna rr-.-Tho. lineniktiQnN 

■Atonric Agency i^Tluirs- 

wy ibai NcMih Xoreali^-niOt yet ' 
^sste^ visas for.United Naticnslo- ■ 
but hoped tbqr wbdld te 
supplied by die wedceud. 

^ As xnlentalicmal erira MasLevat*. 

ed 7\)eisday vhes Nordi Kocea 
agreed to la UN experts tiat seven 
tiedared sncleaT sites, eo^tg . a 
year's standee. -• 

^ ReferriK to the inapectoo^ aD ' 
aseocy omdal odd; fWt would 
like them to be ;on.ate' t^-sext 
Tuesday. We ho^ the visas wil 
Biriye Saturd^ manung.” ' 

,, He added that the agents gov- 
4ning body, wlu^ ai^ fvwM ‘ 
Jlays next .week, he-mote - 

asaned if the int^Mclors had kfi 
th^ gadw. Ihe bond 
gpveraois.- l epr emtwg 35 . nadoDS-. 
of the 120 -meidber vntdidog unit, 
ihdu&ig the United .States and 
jOrina; bad been omected to refer 
NcrthlCotea te the Stambf 
for possilde eebnomio saacdons 
if it hM not agned to inqiectiflBS. • 
China on Thms^. .wdooaied 
North Koiea^ pled^ to allow nn 
^lectioDSi ■ . 

. A U.S. .State .D^artment 
spdkeswMDai^ Christine 'SheDy, 

^amwifati' nfRfaa^ iwitw a 

direct tqipeal to North Knean aih 
diorities to allow, in^ecriiw as 
^oou as pbsaUe: ■ . ' . 

io allow mspectos tbiiiala tests 
diedc seals al the seiffi^|dmisbDt. 
made 00 reference to twot 

^Irial Strikes at a Central Pillar of Japanese Politics 

. By. Sfenxgold • 

JVew. KorA Tims Sirner 

. TOKYO —;As Japan heads tewaid a batde 
vrith the United'Siates over .tr^ and access of 

ua tiwoxtent to. vhich coUnriotf his beeni poi 
. 'oTlbe'Ccsianietioa.iiidashty for years. 

. .Ite.df^cftiaio^oadte&ctionsof Priaie 
' ')£mRer MoriUro Hosokawa have hem oonsid- ' 
crahtel'hegaase the tevdanoDS (d!:ooinqitioD 

. hrfpedhi^pujth t ti rwiigfr at ■ 

ing mflttoce c( wooey from isdustiy <n • 
■ pdhica leadem .and pntks. . - 

. Maoy stfponers ol.liSr. Hosokawa say they 
' areduuppmtedthatldsi»Dposalstodia:^tAe 
system ha^'beieD Sess s w eepiu g than th^ had 
. ■ hoppd Critks teYhahad to 0 ^ ctxicessiOQS to 
aocxi mi iiodtte me banius' of the X&ieral Demo- 
ciatic Party, vducjii tided Japra fbr 38 yeas tm^ - 
: i^iac^ ^ Mr. Hbsdcm cbaBdon Ian year: r 
' : lito jn^ has been damaged by discld^ 
u£at' soihe analym say are the most impoiasl' 
'..pofiticai-corrt^tet b .decades. 

AtTAyDKsiiia(^Nnt;tiropiefeotiiralgd^ ' 

. .embis and toe mayor ttf a laigB city haw, an- , 

■tswered cfaaiges that construction armies had 
bribqltbem,jusipartofth64] mdiemieais that 
have been haiuM iq) in the scandal. 

'■ However the cases tm out — all the defa- 

danis.-pieaM not gbhy, coaiaoding that ca^er 
1 beep coereed — there is htde 
indictments played a key role in 
oudiag the Libexal Democrats’ rule last sumooer 
and putUng Mr. Hosokawa m power. 

~ ilie cases have also kepi up the ommenrom 
heiiin/t ^he anempts to root out corrupdou and 
stop the coUusioa beiwm business and govern* 
■ ment that d6^ some markets to forei^iers. 

‘tiur rtAt,*' a [uosecutcr b the cases. Yusuke 
Yosbauxa, said “b to dean out the sewers.** 
' TboB nave bra bOueneepeddlbg scanda l s 
m JuMtn before, of course, and sane have 

broo^ down govampenis Ibe scandal today is 
diCfereai,' because' it bvdves'toe eoastractioD 

'■ Contractors have been central to. the ways of 
petotim m a ooonuy thashas beiea called a 

" a phi^ that could be translated itn^h* 
ly as a nation built around the construedOQ 

Azncfflg th^ laigesl sbgle expenditures made 

every year by the Datioaal and local governments 
is constiuction — for a total of 5350 bOlioo last 

Tlie largest single contributors to pNitidans 
are consiruciioo coomanies. Man y of im govern* 
ment contracts are ki through bid ri^g. a 
practice knonn as "dirngo, " that the govenunem 
ackoo^'lfidges is widespread. 

The chief cabinet secretaiy, Masayosb Tafce- 
mura, who had been governor of Sluga Prefec- 
ture, recalled once tlut the prepare to accept 
^sb for eoatraos was unrelenting. 

**Once they set their sights on you. they use 
ev«y trick b the book.” Mr. Takemura said of 
the constructiOD companies. 

According to Yoshitsugu Kanemoio. a profes- 
sor of economics at To^ Univeisity: “Other 
eomtries have some kind of bid rig^| at times, 
hot in daogo is pan of the mdusuy's 

Kunio Maeda, a former construction executive 
and now a professor at Pigi University, has 
estimated that government construction costs b 
Japan are 30peaeem to 40 pocem hitocr than in 
the United States because of the bid rigging. 

Much of that octia money, of course, is paid to 
the pt^tidans who steer con tracts. 

Those practices have led to suits and threats a 
sanctions by U.S. n^oUators seeking to gab 
?rr»« to the construction mariceis for U.S. com- 

The firat close peek bto how the q-siem works 

was on March 6, 1993, with a raid ty prosecutors 
on the home and office oi Shm Ranentaru, a 
fonner d^uty prime minister and Liberal Dem- 
ocratic kbgmi^er. Tlie govenunent found Bul- 
lions of dollars of gold bars, cash and bearer 

Mr. Kanemaru was ebaiged with lax evasion, 
and tte prosecutors said most of the mon^ was 

from construction compames. The public was 
outraged. Finally most pNitidans began to real- 
ize that they couned disaster if they did not 
support a gflTTip aj g n to stamp out the comption. 

The prosecutors then raided the offices of 18 
oonstructiofi companies, carting away a total 
4,600 boxes filled «ith documaits. 

That led to the first mdictment, on June 29, of 
Toru ichH mayor ai the nonhem city of SendaL 

Perhaps the most sbockbg arrests were of top 
executives N the Kajima Corp» be most influen- 
tial coomany b the mdustiy because of its tight 
linVt the bureaucrat and politics. 

Seven top executives, mclodbg the president 
are former COnstmetioo Misistr)' bureaucrats, 
and the children of several former executives 
have mar ried into politically influential families. 

That psnem isrepeated throughout theindus- 
uy. Nearly a fifth of the boards of construction 
companies are former government bureauCTats, 
and 20 fonner Consiructkm Ministry bureau- 
crats sit b the Diet, or parbament. 

One peculiarity of the system is that it is not 
very profitable for the companies. The aim is to 
provide employment, exp^ say. 

“There's a big myth that public works con- 
tracts Mp ih«e companies financially,’' said 
Beniard Siman. an anai^t at Jardbe Fteatiog 
Securities. “The maip purpose of these compa- 
nies is not profits, but mabtaini^ enqiloymeoL 
They do it as a strategic policy goal of the 

The indictments have led companies to stop 
their most overtly cNlurive practices, and w 
govemoieBt has promised to move to open tud- 
ding for large contracts. A law passed wedts 

■!, -I.- ^1.. Mmnaiim mntn- 

gooa plante at YoDgIbyon, 10b kSo-. 
nmim Jionh of fyongyang, atoeie 
some ' Western gowa am eo a fear 
North Koras devflqpinga oiicleBr. 

The atonic eoc^ agen^ aad- 
bspectors wonid visit Yongb^ to 
a 5-megawati nudear rap- 
tor, a fuei-fod fabrication .'plait’ 
and a fad nqirDcessbig unit 


■ UWA, Indomesa ^ Ain earth- 
quake that Itin^. «-tetot 184peo- 
^eon ilmidjuidof Stonatmljift tte 
-haidest^ areas -virtn^ oot of 
reach, to nscners on TlnBdi^. 

.. ihe'earthipidteJboaksoitfbeca 
Sunatrarbeflm dmm Wedmsday, 
hymmgmoie titan .900 pei^ as 
bufldbgsooBapsed bnr'-raideats b 
Xiwa,ndhsria m^pforioce of 
Lampu^ 200 Idlontetas :(12S 

- - Power was disriqiied,. ttoime 
Ibei col and roads chokea with 
inbNe> Mmy tiie imuM re- 
mdited tiarated 

ing lor on Thufsday, wlu^ 
resenas in belidoptes iwre fab- 
dared byJMavy-tmn& 

1 ^-earthquake had an initial 
readute of 6 Jao toeKiihteracal^ 
"jKctouDDg' -to^cffidala - m Jakarta.; 

.Oedogbcal Sttivey-in 
’^Wadniagton antra sticngtii at T2. 

Expelled Missionaries 
Broke Law, China Says 

TTie inspections will also iiKhide ^ 

& ^xn^watt power'pbnt midec* '' ;‘Most of Uwaj^^^ rosito 
constnmtian oiidan oM Sovktdfr -emnped^ m ^ <ipaye^ 
aizned - roeardi^ reactor abo al' dqr .®ght e ndprb jg anerahodcs 
YSS^butit wasimEkd^ ' 

ttp^telSildbeakwd-^^ ^ 

^titttwosuigtertplaiitsnetelw^ . 

' South K^roffieials said Theeartiaroake,flm£tamL^ 

Tfamsday that Seoul'wanld raod. vongui ^ yeais.^ fdttiKQogh- 
ihK veal's militarv cxeaascs wffli oiitsoiithair&niaira,aMirenioi8 
the tJniied Steles if Nmfli fdi as far awigr » ag^we. 

keptittpionnscloaocHiliiadcar. liwa » bca^ 6 kfloi^ 
insoectioas and etuai^m serious - dorih <tf Moont FCsap, a vdcE^ 
with the - ’toal^' tin hijjiest momitain m 

Easy UadBiifllMts 

8£sftfa^ scanitii^ Ibnrsitay thiiM^ dK ntoUe of tben bonra on Snnulra, wfaen fite toB ooiittoDed to 

Alexander Chakovsky, an Ex-Soviet Editor, Dies 

TVAsDcAflto/Am ' 

MOSCOW — Alexander Chakovsky, 80. a 
stdwait of the Soviet fiterary estabttshment. 
rfM b Moscow, the ITAR-Tass 

press sra<7 teid. 

Mr. Chakovs^ was <fief editor of the influ- 
w wAiy litentunuQn Gazeta from 19C 
ontfl . 1 988. znaiV years he was an oEfidal m 

the Soviet WritcES Unioa, an enforcer of i 
d nrtring that persecuted many oripnal talents. 

He graduated fitxn the Goiky Literary Insti- 
tute at the bright of Stalb's terror and went on- 
to became a war correspoudeDL ffis literal^ 
iqNUatkm rested on a iruogy of World War n 
novels about the siege (tf Lgiii^rajl 
The Sonet r^me rewarded him with the 

Stalin Prize in 1950 and the Order cf the Red 
Banna- of Labor m 1963. He was allowed to 
navel abroad, and his works were regularly 

The tables turned with Presidait Mikhafl S. 
Gorbachev's policy erf openness, or gfasnon. 
wliicb led to Mr. Chako^^s replacement as 
editor of Literatuinaya Gaz^ 

Caiftkdby OurSu^ Fram ntywe to 

BEUINC — Quna issued a de- 
fease Thursday of its detentiem of 
seven foreign Christians, saying 
tb^ had coDducted illegal religious 

Three m the group were Ameri- 
cans, and the U.S. State Dqpart- 
meat said it was concerned that 
authorities h«f not noifficd embas- 
sy officials of the detentions. 

In a statement, the Forrign Mb- 
istiy did not ooffimeot on tiie U.S. 
compIabL It said the group bad 
viedated a recent regulation that 
reitentes China’s ban on foreign 
ausskmoiy activity. 

The police expeOed one of the 
Americans on Wednesday, and the 
others left (» their own at the same 

The detutioDS did not bdp Chi- 
na's proqiects for winning renewal 
of its low-tariff trade status from 
tte US govenimat this June. 
WashbgtOD has said Onna must 
make progress b improving its hu- 
man rights record. 

Asked aboDt the arrests and le- 
oewal of most-favored-nation 
Bade status, a State Department 
spokeswoman, Christine Shelly, 
said, “W^ I certainly would not 
characterize it as a step forward.” 
Iw “protects rdigioos 
activities and protects foieigneis' 
normal, friendly contacts and cul- 
tural and academic with 

the F!h»n«ff idiigioas community,” 
t»M the Cbmese stalemeut, wbd) 
Wu Jiamnin, the ministry spokes- 
man, read at a news conference. 

b essence, Beijbg is saybg that 
forrigners can pray to titemselva 
but are not aflowed to teach Chi- 
nese to pray. 

Mr. Wu said: These pe^e ac- 
knowjedsed thqr violated Chinese 
law and made guanmiees they 
would not violate Chinese law any 
more." (AP, AFP) 

Ski weeks 

Sfr 2-107.- (all inclusive) 
from March 6 to 27. 


Please call: 

Phone 030/8 31 31 

Degussa on Solid Investments 



't ■ 





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F^e 6 

nnWW^AV «M9«sn¥TA ¥>V ¥0 ¥ AAif 






Diplomacy vs. the Bomb 

Ending yet another bout of brinkmanship. 
North Korea acceded on Tuesday to interna- 
Dcmal iospeciiOQs of its declared nuclear sites. 
Thai is a hard-earned wtoiy for U.S. diplo- 
mats wbo are tmi^ to persuade the North to 
give iqt any amntkni to buUd bombs. 

No^ Kcnea api^ to let in^jectofs into all 
seven of hs decerned ates. Tb^ can cooduct 
rqieated visits if necessary, but only to assure 
tlw nudear safeguards are intact — to verify 
tiiai DO nudear has been diverted to 
bomb-making in tbc year ance ibeir last visit 
and to diecdc seals and r 4 >Iace fibn in cameras 
deagned to inhibit diveiaoDS in the fuoire. 

Once the inspectors are reassured and talks 
between North and South resume, the stage 
win be set for a new round of tough 
boween Wadmigtoa and ^'ooc^aog to Mng 
the North into full compliance with the Nucle- 
ar Nonprotiferadem Treaty. Ihe Qinton ad- 
ministrahoD needs to prepare a of 

inceotiveg to get it to oomply, starting with 
cancdlatioo of tins year's Team Spirit xnilitaiy 
exercises, conducted jointly with South Kc^ 

The North’s response comes none too soon. 
The board of governor of the hitemational 
Atmsic Ene^ Agency, iriudi over se e s nudear 
myections, is scheduled to meet on Monday. If 
it were unable to certify ^oogyan^s cooqili- 
ancewitfa nudear saf^juards, it woidd refer the 
matmr to die UN Goui^ vrinch has 

the authority to iuy ose economic sancrions. 

Ihe North views sanctions as an attempt to 
strangle it. Impodng them would almost surdy 

deraQ di plnnmtic dforts to gain unmpeded 
access to all its nudear siies and would increase 
the risk of instaUlity, if not war, on the Kcaean 
I^ninsula. For these reasons the North's neigh- 
bors, China, Japan and South Korea, have 
rducuuit to impose a tight embargo. 

TbeGinton administratimwasuisetocut 
a diplomatic deal instead. Its strate^ is work- 
ing so far. But the hardest bargaining Hes 
ahead. It rightly wants North Kora to allow 
more thorough regular inspections of all its 
dedared nudear rites, to keep h from timiiAg 
nuclear material into bombs. 

It is especially in^want to resume regu- 
lar inspections by summer, when North Ko- 
rea will have to shut down its reactor and 
replace the fuel rods. At tiiat time, injectors 
wul be able to weigh and assay the nudear 
material to find out whether any of it was 
diverted in the past, and if so, how many 
bomte’ worth. Special inspections of sus- 
pected Noi^ Kor^ nudear waste sites 
might also be neomsaiy for that purpose. 
Those, too, would have to be n^tiateo. 

The Qinum administration should be pre- 
pared to pay a reasonable price to gain such 
access — by meeting the North’s demands fm 
improved idatioos, giving second assure 
ances, providing reactors that are less prdifer- 
atioo-prooe, and offering trade and aid. 

Diplomacy will cost a lot less than coo&on- 
tatioo, and it just ndgbl get what the worid 
wants — a nudear-frM Korea. 


The Yen Gives a Warning 

Once again the United States is Ihreaiening 
Jqian ^th trade Whether iuten- 

tionally or not, Japan has created the inmr^ 
SOB. in Washin^oo that it is testing the uio- 
ton administration to see far it can gp. 

This quaird has little to do with economic 
poli^ in the broad sense or with the size of 
trade deSdts. It is about American ideas of 
ooomieacid frirness, and aokietim abom foam 
cooqietitiveness. Lari wedt an important series 
of trade tallcs mth Japan fell into deadlock. 
This week the cimtm auhnimstiy rinn has 
tncied to anotfwr faOi^ negotiatiem f or what it 
terms a *^dasric cascT Sf the J^ianese govern- 
ment’s resistance to imports, particularly those 
re pr esemrog advanced teGfaD^Ogie& 

Under the Rescan administration, Japan 
agreed to give Arnerican eqtiipoient manufac- 
turers the opportunity to concrete in its vety 
new market for ceU^ pho^ Five years 
am during the Bush admiQistnilioQ, the 
Umted States accused J^au of fmling to 
cany out that plec^ Just More the deadline 
for sanctions, the Japanese agreed to take 
specific Steps to provide access. Some parts 
the market have opened, but the govenunent 
has shut the American company. Motorola, 
out of the crudal Tt^o area. That, as the 
Wbhe House now pewts out, has given Mo- 
torola’s Japanese competitors a protected mar- 

ket m which to catch 19 nrith its tMindogy. 

Japanese companies have sometimes used 
tins &d of a protected and profit^le market 
as a base fiom witi^ te oqx^ Ihat ioezeases 
the politiM pressures in America for protec- 
tionist coonlermeasures agaiuA Jqian. Preri- 
dent KU Qinton is right to keq> trying to use 
the lever of sanctions to pry open J^ian^ 
maii^ There is a certain dai^er of falling 
into tit-for-tat letafiation, but to do notlting 
would raise even greater dangers. 

As for the Japanese trade surplus and the 
American trade deficit, both axe nmdi too big. 
If the two governments cannot work them 
down tty intelli|ent po^, th^r risk a mudi 
less gretle sdntxm by an exchange 

rate crisis. A coun^ can run a trade surplus 
only by financing it — lending its customers 
the money to keep buyii^ But Jqiaii’s banks 
are in troul^ and Hs financing capacity is 
unda* great strain. The leap in the y«n*s ex- 
change rate tins week was a reminder of that 
A rising yen is the ultimate sanction gainst a 
growing Japanese trade surplus, since ft 
makes Jqianese eiqiorts harder to abroad. 

That bounce imwaid in the yen rate was a 
om Tokyi 

warning to bom Tokyo and Washington that 
they have created tr^ imbalances that they 
may have trouble sustaining. 


A Dishonorable Deal 

Secretary of Defrase Wmiam Perry most 
have thought he was making the best ctf a bad 
situation ^ crafting a deal to entice Admiral 
Frank B. Kelso 2d mto retiring with full rank 
and pay. Alas, it was a disboiorable deal 
annouiKed with fawgiwipt that insults public 
mteffiggnee. So, in bis first wccks in office, 
hfr. Ferry has jenned former Defease Secro- 
taiy Les Aspiii, fonner Navy Secret^ H. 
Lawrence Garrett 3d, the Naval Investigative 
Service and the Pentagon as shateboldm in 
an episode (rf utter di^iace. 

The cunent secre^ of the na^. John H. 
Dalton, was correct in urging Admual Kelso’s 
removal as diirf of naval operations for faO- 
ing to show proper leadership at the Tailhook 
convemioo. Former Secretary Aspin was 
wrong to overrule Mr. Dalton. And now the 
navy's TailhotA inquiry has ended as igno- 
anniously as it be^tn. Admiral Kelso refused 
to step down unless Mr. Perry issued a state- 
ment calling him "a man of high^ integrity 
and honor.” Yet the naty’s own jud% Cap- 
tain William T. Vest Jr., conducted that Ad- 
miial Kdso had lied about his actinties at the 
TaOboede convention and then used his tank 
to impede the investigation. Only one of them 
is right, and Mr. Perry has no way of browing 
wh^er it is be — or Ctqnain Vest and Mr. 
Dalton, vAo assert that the navy's top admiral 
failed in 1^ duty. Now, of course, the pubfa'c 
win never know, either, since Adotiral Kelso’s 
retirement ends any review of his conduct. 

More than two years ago tiie now i^aioous 
Tailbocdc coaventioo was the scene of physical 
assanlts m vdiidi unwil^ women were 
grabbecL fondled and partially disrobed. The 
navy says 140 navy and marine pilots assaolt- 
ed 83 women. No one was coavicted because 
scores ctf commissiooed officers lied about 
what they bad witnessed. In the final develop- 
ment, C^tain Vest dismissed the last thrre 
naval cases on the grounds that Adnural 
bad lied about his own knowledge of 
bawdy activities and actively m»«nipiiia»Jl the 
investigation to shield his involvement. 

From all aoommts, Capiam Vest is a respoo- 
aT^jorist He was fcHued to weigh evKteareof 
the admiial’s involvemeai becaus.r the three 
defendants diaHeq^ the whole proceetfing as 

lauted. The tbeane tbri weavm nxiri striking 
through hte 1 1 1 -page 0 |naioa is his d^ sk^- 
ctsm about the truthfiibess ol Adnnxal K^ 
and those who teriified fev fahn. 

TIk adixnral said, for exampk^ that he had 
never witnessed any inqaoper activities and 
never set foot in the suites or hallway where the 
assailts took place. Other cfficers oonoborated 
Us assertions. Yet the judge dwse to bdieve a 
vice aHmirai wfao testified that be had ted 
Adnnial Kdso (farou^ those smtes. Thejod^ 
also bdieved the undisputed testimeay of an 
officer wfao said be was taOting to the adnunl 
on a patio iriiea both wittiessed and commeat- 
ed a woman, ydled for her to show her breaste, 
and h^ hi^ the top of her badnng suit 

Simflariy, Admiial Kdso denied even beiag 
present on the patio on the night wfasa the 
worst asteults oocutred nearby, ^ some offi- 
cers corroboraled his account ity stying he was 
with then dsevriiere. Yet tte jnd^ chose to 
bdieve other officers who testified that they 
had seen Admiial Kdso on the patia 

The ju^s tqnnkm is flawed in some re- 
spects. ft occasionally ^peculates on wfaat Ad- 
m^ Kdso oBjri have known or seen. Some 
offirials that tbdr remarks were tak- 

en out of amtext. The coodutioo that AdmirBl 
Kelso tried to manmulate the investigation b 
largely inferred. Ana thejot^ erred in daig- 
ing that the admiial received inniminatiTig files 
on faim^ and other Bag officera and to 
pass them on to prosecutois. Those files were 
qqjaiatiy bdd Ity the Pentagon's dvOian lead- 
en^ and never defivered to Adndrai Kdso. 

But the indiqnitaUe bottom liiK in tins 
tan^ of conffimiQg tales b that a judge of 
known prnfrffriftnalTwn has wdghed the evi- 
dence ^ dedared the navy’s mvestigation 
taffiterf. Over and ^ainri that j$ the defense 
secretary's exonerating statement based on bar- 
gaining awwig lop civilian and militaiy offi- 
gtafa at the Pentagem. One eSect of that state- 
ment was to fonnaixn of a court of 
inquiry' awnposedtrf retired geneab and adini- 
rab to assess Admirai K^'s perfremam. 
Mr. Peny assures us that all's wdl that ends 
w^ In fact, a fiasco has ended with a diaiade, 

International Herald Tnbune 



C»^!hBinR 0 i 

RICHARD McCLEAN, PabUsher A Chief Execuhe 
JOHN VINOCUR,£wwfica£Rr A VkePnsUaa 



• RE^ BOM3Y. JAMES MdH^i4dM7te^ 0^^ 

■JUANnALCASPARLMenutiinalOmrif^ ROfiGRTFARR£.aDA3tafl&e»r.£i(rcev 

Areisew'df fa AtWtoakn : Aeftsua Sdanviff 

faBnarional HaaldTribune. IE! AvonieCharieHfeGauBs. 92521 NeuflIystr-SBae. Ranee. 
Td:(l)46J7.93JXX Fax rCkculaian, 4637 JK^l; Aihertigiig.4&3?5111 
E0ar far Asia: MUnef ffiitexfavi 5 Cmurimn RL Sm^fm CSII. Td (&i 4i:.77t& Fac 2?tW4 

Mxg. Dir. Asia. RolfD. KrmepM. 50 Oaiieester Hi, Hoag Koai TeL E61-06I6. Fax: 86I-3CI73 
Mug. Dir. UJC^ Carry Thane. 63 Lang Acre, Umdaa WQ. TeL f07I) 83MS02. Fa: \0m 240J254 

Gn Mir Gmniqr IK ZodSteA F/fa^icAsr. / Ji dOfiJ Fwdi/fasM ra 

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SA an capiul de J. 200.000 F. PCS Saaorre B 732021126. CamUsstea Panudre No. 61337 
<Dm3.taeraaieaiiHenBdTihse. jai^retentiBSIL(B9LSB2. 

A Problem Bigger 

jp ARIS — Nearly fmgottea before it even 

gets to work, the Unitro Nations tribunal to 
luoge crimes against humanity in ex-Y ugoslavia 
has annouDced that it b ready to fiin> 
tioning in The Hague. But, like so m^ UN 
dfforts laundied vnth fanfaie, it has just the 
bud^ to get oigunzed, not enough yet to start 
plaflaing prosecutioos. 

It is another exaiwle of failure of the "iater- 
natic^ community” to face the trey tpestion of 
its attitude to the war. V^t does it seek, peace or 
the prince of justice? The precedent for war 
crimes tri^ was established aha World War n, 
when the demand for mconditkmal surceadcr 
made t]^ two dims Compatible, comptementay. 

Unconditional sunouter was imposed to make 
sure there that could benorepetitiooof tbentyth, 
exited by Ifitia, that Gennany was not r^ 
daeated in Worid War I but “stabbed in the 
back.” The allies were deternmied to dictate teems 
10 Gomany, and fa that they understood that 
they must Imve victoiy, not a negotiated peace; 

Nobody outside wants to inmose an all-oot 
victoiy in Bosnia, or dsewhere in x iigoslavia. As 
in Irro, as in Cambodia, the aim b for an acc^- 
ed setuement with certain future constraints. Bat 
tins has not been admitted. Thatb^ytitecorrent 
two-track plan threaieoing to bonb Serinan irtS- 
loy around Sangevo and pressng the* Bosnian 
goueramoit lo accept what it coosidets an inade- 
quate agreement b so confuang and uncertain. ' 

It evades the onanswend questico of how tiie 
govenimenb that decide what the United Nations 
and NATO should by to do want to see the war 
ended. The anomaly of setting up a aimes cribo- 
nal vdtile negotiating with the people wfao wo^ 

By Flora Lewig 

be er^iected te be m tite dock rikows fhal don't 

want Kiaaswa, they are. hhtffingthemsdvBS. . 

Ibe sudden Fieodt-Ameocaii honeymobn»af- 
taope&a»a.(m theneri^iD titekqgfiosDian 
trite^ was reached Ity decidmg to have It some of 
both wayri use force enovgh to scare theSeibs and 
give the Bosnian, gavenimeat heart, but not 
enou^ to leave tire dedsian to the banleSdd. 

The UN commander in Bosnia, Sir NGdiael 
Rose, says hb goal b to eatable SangevD to live as 
a normal dty, triiere supplies and peopte can 
come and go. and then go OUT to do the same for 
Tilda, Master, otheis. But the threat to bomb if . 
artiliesy is not withdrawn or if it b used will not 
even assure lifting of the si^ At best it win 
lednce the wanton level of kimng; 

Once again, attention b focused on immedi- 
ate details, bow many guns, how far back, what 
b meant by their control, to distraet the pnblic 
with the currmt dramatic^nence. There b no', 
further scenario excrot the hope that the 
ers will grow tired and discoursed, and thee be- 
willisg to sort out tiie pieces. It b notapoli^... 
It won't decide anythin 

Nor b hiteg^ on the detaOs (d a new Bostnan 
map a standathier of prindple or of hardhearied 
80 coinmodatk»ibrpeaoe.lC wifi reward Seririan ' 
conquest, but there is scared any reason to 
tfaiok that the plan on tiie table, even somevriiat • 
modified, can produce an eadnriro settiemoiL 

The proposu fa a two-year UN adntimstra- 
tkm of Sariyero b a le^za sUfting the bead-' 
aches now and malring sore that they will test for . 

ycais. Tins b riot lihe thfthfiddle Ea^ where an 

mlerim accocti can be called “eagagp^ 

a mmrientmri flat can cany through to 

teal agreement. The k^playere there at to 
in Shunon T^s vdedSt fliht the 
- Arabs canootdefdat Ibnd onTbebatth fidd and 
. ibelsr^ cannot tticcare thdr peace reems.. 

Thft Yti w^ bdfigjiraits readied - 

that poinL^A^t b re£y cm the t^le b a recea 
'If NATOIs threat succeeds, or if it acts, as ft 
must, to saw a shred of respect fa its-power s-it 
bdeSed, tite-war m^'siinoMr down rar a tUPfe- 

Neftha peace not pnn^lie win be tnity sen^ : 
AU tins b aotto argue, that there shreild he a 

'masaye intervention. face to separate ^ 
advosaxies, to punish tlie'asressoiS and bring 
them to trial Itisoot going iphap^fw gow 

. human .as wdl as gedpolitteal-Teasmu. It is to 
aigoethat-pretenw^ that soarething-tiseful is- 
beu^.dohe better; ttrat ..prolong nd: 
GQinplicates the conOict. 

local settlement can be reached. The lines toat 
meet <» die battlefield stretdi back in atangted 
rqpopal indeed nearly ^'bal wd).' 

.. A much'broada conteset is needed involvn^ 
tbewh^oCtiie RaiWng, Rusaa, tire Eivopean 
lAifon tod tbe'UintedStat^ to create a peace 
plmi tor theenflre area. Onty'then.ean enough 
wei^t be brou^ to compress, tod snnff out, 
wfaat fonunatdy so far remains a local war. Bo 
long as tins b not stvted, lives sa;^ .today are 
ootybOQtnvto fivto tcmomiw’s c 
" O Flora Letisis. ' 

A U.S. PoUcy at Last ' — but Where Does It Lead? 

P ARIS — The United States now 
has a pdtey 

result, NATO bto such a poBcy, too 

has a 

on Bosi^ As a 

— for die moment, alihonto Brilazn, 
Greece andposribly oAn in NATO 
are not re^ committed to h. NA^ 
TO's poliity also iroeais to conflict 
with the United 'Natioa^ pdx9- 
The remit is that the American- 
NATO polkty may very weS fafl. 
The United States must bring Brit- 
ain and the United Nations into 
liito udndi it can do if it b deter- 
mined. However, onlos thb policy 
can impose itsdf upon the Sobs m 
Bosnia, next week could bring still 
another humSiatKm to that fabo- 
lous entity “(he inteniational com- 
munity," and another blow to Ihe 
pro s pect s of peace and order else- 
vdiere in ex-Communbt Europe. 

American p<tiicy b first of all to 
end the of Stogevo. Thb b in 
order to get Sarqevo off the tdm- 
sioa soeeas and ponrit the Qinton 
adininistxaiioa to presat itsdf as 
having “doDC sometoing.** Those 
are not the most creditable of mo- 
tives. but. togriher with French gov- 
ernment uigtogs — the result of 
identical conaderatioiis of domestic 
>litics in France — they have 
oiced Washington to make iq> its 
nnnd, and NATO’s mind as 
The ultimatum that NATO has 
ddiveied to the Bosnian Serbs de- 
mands that Serbian heavy weapons 
be withdrawn from around Saruevo 
or pteced under UN control by Sun- 
day midn^t UN autiiorities on 
the scene, mch^iiig the Britirii go- 
e^ current^ in ccanmaod of the 
UN Protoction Force there, argue 
tiiu *tontnd” norans that the United 
Natkms knows udKR tbc yueapom 

votving David Owen aodThorvald 
Stoltetoreg a cartam iagdidt oom- 
sore ato peacemalm in order to get 
tlifngg and iwniiHiTft the iocon- 

ventences to peaodmqien and medi- 
aters. It b flte wdims vdx> are mak- 
ing trouble by lefu^ to 
bte Ity siq^Mitiag the victuns’ daim 
to a better s et fle meot than the Serbs 
and Croab wirii to m theio. 

Wasbinsai’s pou^ was atocu- 
lated last Friday by raa Tatnoff, 
underseoetaiy a state for poHtieal 
affairs: Wba the stegp of s^evo 
b lifted, the war must be given a 
negotiate settlement, and flie Unit- 
ed Stetes now w31 pm new pressure 
on the Bomians to ntote soa a set- 
tkmeat Thb setoernol must meet 

lhff*Vay^aMt> raqp i i»-mefirf< ef the 

Bosnian govenimcat. as tile Bosin- 
am lureb^ tlte dud victons 
war. The Bosnian Serbs wifi have to 
ntoce large coQcessioiis. 

If the Bosnian Serbs (and Serbia 
Itsdf, which created and sponsors 
the sdf-ptodaimed Bosnian Serb 

By WiUiam PEaff 

govenuneat) do- not make new coor 

cession^ new pressure wiQ be pot 

_ 1top;ty 

pleasant, inylicafl^ tiie United 
stuttjg arid its alfiea in widening the 
war. It b to adept some versioa cf 

on them. Croatia b eomected 1 
"a he^fnl tde,” bm.u ft does not, 
pressure win be mBed fli^ too. 
Mir. TarwA srid tmuiiig about tout 

ous dia c u a sk m in Wasltogtoa s^ 
gests that tiwy could indxtae lifti;^ 
the axmsembago on Bositia, orevea 

giwmg- lh i> Bnmiim«mnttaiy wyift. 

Once an agreemmt b'foi^ and 
there b evidence of its accqpttooe in 
good faitii, WasUngton b piqnred 

as “lift and 'stdbT: air. 
against the Seiba, whCe fifimg'flie 
anns otoaigQ on Boama. . - 
Thb..mvtoves no ftorito >tooops: 
The UN troqs alieudy m Yago^ 
via midoubitoly woiud-be. pulled 
ouL The war would get.worsc; Thb . 
course would mean leavi^' .(be 
Areeddes in tins war to disGOvet . 
for themsdves the lionts to tooto 

thw are prquied to ga 
£i that reapecL tins ] 

respect, tins po&y poa- - 

(0 , y|!od * yn i ph iiigirtafinn fiao^ ID ' sessesaoertammanl^vityaMeiit 
' "ft. The caveat aboQt bdfore,toientiieintematioiialGQni- 

faith" tiiK amonub to 

erac^ the pir j gta m ijf nffiliwy inter s' 

ventioD to impose a setthnxot that 
everyone, bom the 
warned againsL By icnisbg every 

ooaMe requ a ements” of the qroorumity fre Uiraito i^ 
govenimcat. as flu Bosin- e^ in the crim, the Vfesiemjxjw- 
b^tltednitfvictomtf tiie ere are atoultyconmiittmg NATO 

i are catoig tty committmg 1 
to (bar worst-case scBoaiio. 

mnoity ttied to'^are evesyoue tho . 
coiiaeqmncto toim evayone was 
ddi^ tod tended as a. result to 
faeriiiate aggressiOB. ■ .- . 

By efftong some (Kpport'io fbe 
ride Aat has tried- to. dibg to flu. 
vahxs of Westemltbeial aooety.Jbe 
pdkty woidd effa a'moadoobmnce 

As tlte Serbs are miHke^ to co^ i 

to Westam pc^ that haabea ab^ 

crate, the United States and NAT 
arefikety to be spmed that 'scenaiio. 
lire alternative, bowevci; baboon-- 

ba-pari Meto B ma t iv e. 
Howevff,ftbac(fliBreDt.pafiity. . 
lntOTUitionalHmiUY^Bnih^ _ ■ 
C-lsB Angda limes indicate : ' <■ .' 

Since dotr^inh the weapons 
qmre the UN Proteoon 

would reqmre 
Force to attack the Serbs, the UN 
commanders dearly are not bring 
serious. They do not intend any 
such attadt, whatever the Serbs do, 
and the Serbs understand this. UN 
couimanders have coosisleutiy 
raised obstades to miliiary actitHi 
against the Bosnian Sabs became it 
would mean trouble and danga for 
UN troops, and also because the 
professkmal Sobiao command has 
beo, of all the contending forces 
aronnd Sarajevo the easiest for UN 
militaty people to deal with. 

As in UK curt^iean Union negoti- 
ations in Geneva late last year m- 

.He ttdHhn SScgcB MoUhl 
issAnSalSmaStaiiemB. ' 

logtead of 


Bj HdiMUrt Bovren 

W ASHINGtON — PobaMjthe 
most discouraging tu^ 

abemrtheanpasse between tne^mi- 
ed States ^ tssaes 

b how ueady the ri^tiin en h aiicps . ■ 

the political ptqrulanty of Px»deat : 

Bin Qinton and Prime hfinister 

Mr. HotokawtfS bravado in stand- ' 

to Mr. C3is^’s demands for a 


American prodpets and services hto ' 
wts' hiin wide flodaon tod a boost in' • 
flK J^an hto finafly fouto a ) 

p rit¥>e wiDiOg tO SSy '*OCT tO ' 

& Uttted Ststes. 

•' Mr. Omtoo's loi^ness has ganed ' 
Ttww Wlateral aqipMt in-Qnuaess and 
anvwg - AntwtrBw* wfao boeve that.' 
toe JmaiKse for yeazs have devoty ; 
dm^U.&- negotottas with double- . 
falt' toine .tlay bmh up bU^CXpOCC 
surploses.lhetroiiUeisfliatMr.<^ ' 
ton .and- hfc. Bosotowa nowtore 
sonacfliing.'to juove tbrii repute ■ 

rihfff rigiend Qn a detennniaiian not 
'to bait off. That mtoes tqtor of Ak 
gtnation aB Ak mace diffioh. 

TIk iitot revecal weeks wiD be criih 
cd if Uunders on both sides are not to 
' dirini^rateintosaDedoasaiidTetalui- ' 
tion that adl over into, the geopoGiieal . 
and secuoty areas, afihering the stalat ' 
ity </ tlte IttdSc icsioo. 

Tte smarted the Japanese 
couU do now is towomototoge flat 
toe United States base S(^ case in 
•ttoand toinoveqmdity'tonBKnKflK 
iiwwH!i»rt<W«f*tfijMfin n 'in tlKCdhlla 
' {toone matoet soufli of Tokya In flns 
wity,. flK Japanese .woidd nol only - 
avert. sanctians against thrir exports' 
but wonld also do mndi to defw 
without . conoeding ' 
hat they were wrong to least Mr. 
.Omtoa^ pcesane for *Vesto^s-aiieac- 
e^nume&al quotas. 

Ccsaodeala^^ an effort ritould he 
madc'to pot ilie trade disrate into- 
some p e tsp cc tiv g ; Ihate is a wide 
i^ «*gnrfrna . papetoated by 
the tram team’s havridto. 

riiftority about ttae.exttat to vUA 
flie two countries need each oiho's 
matoels and support, 

Oifiswla dds: Ted Eoppd, aigu- 
idriy the best-mfooned nenvodc news, 
aniomr m flK bnriiKSS, adntitted as ho 
ho^ a dcibate Tbesd^r between the 
U.S. .izade representeOTe. hfieikty 



to Ak Xhtited Slates; Takakazu Knr- 
iya^ flirt he had been unawtoB of a 
baric 'Aha stating time Ja 
.5^ top Ihrited States $60 
more flia ft buys, be said: 
we do not hear 
rigato itoat ntoty cd yonprol 
nm ktow vfliat 1 DBist c 
nrt know until flto umnimg 
-HtoatjtapcnboQe-niore products from 
Ak UnnPd Stites than aw oflier ocMia- 
tiyin the worid txcqpt Canada.” 

“So it you love toe ukn of Wash- - 
mgton ritopi^ a few sanctions ou 
hit. Kpppel saicl, '^nst re- 
nitotoa that our two econosmes are ' 
so intertwined fliat when you hit a 
JifMiKie creBpany, some U.S. siqi- 
pfaaOTsuMdiaiyis^mngtowince.'' ^ 
That is one essential iritth about. 
Ak hxttood[to busiiKs rriatkauh^ 
But.fliexe.ate otbeis flial Mr. tJVpA . 

. (fidn’txiiGntiqiL When JiE^ari him 
trade surplus, the dtdhuK.acquhed' 
comeback to toe Ihiited States m the 
form of in ve suiK ots or loa^ IKTKa 
in vested pdvatrty, fli^ suplas drir 

Also^ wba font to Ak U5. goran- > 

- ment hi Ak form of pniciBses if • 
Dreasmy biOs. and not^!the 
nese hmlns has h%ed finance flie > 
U.S. b|DC^ -deSciL ^!ifiibaiit: 'sach* 
fluids,, interest rates conld.have : 

' dimh ed nmdl hi gbar . 

Noocofflasoo uiiten dK-fset Ant 

^ —as does Ak United sue— 
smne mfewr tnde ■ 

Bot, aocoitongto Araweek^sttookUh 
ic.-Rqicrt fiom.toe White House, if ! 

H ong RONG — Remember the 
supply side? The reeat falls in 
several emeigms stock marirets may 
seem just a correction before yet an- 
other forward rnarrit But the driiate 
over the ftmne of these mariGets, 
utoich have toown average gains of 80 
pocat in the past year, has been 
mainly ooudied in terms of the dura- 
bility of two faetcas: the inflow of 
poruedio cental from Westers issti- 
tutional mvesuns, and the maikets’ 
susceptibility (as evidesced recmtly) 
to a 1 ^ in U.K interesi rates. 

These are of course important fao- 

ignored, ^tequestion (fl 
si^W of new issues to mai^ that 
are wna thin, and where tnxnova is 
anan iriato'e to markrt csntalization. 

Not nmdl talked about, ritha, is 
the indiied rok of Jqim in fu^ng 
asset booms, ereedaily in Aria. That 
factor unB neeefto be e^iedalty care- 
fiiSy waidied sow that Amaka is 
intent on obtazaftig a drastic cut ia 
Ja^’s surplus, byiair means or foul 
Fund mangers in riow-growme;, 
graying OECD countries are unlikety 
— baniog sane serious aeddats to 
emei^ng markets rech as hit Hoag 
K(^ in 1987 — to cease rtadng a 
agntticani poportion of their 
flows in younga, faster-growii^ if 
less stable economies. 

The boon in OKi^ng markets has 
bem pu^ a produa of briated ^ 
preriatioo’in tk West of the gradual 
sWt in worid economic powa. This 
lealizaiion has comrided with a rinft 
to the devriopng wc^ toward the 
merits of eqacy markets and prhnie 
espial ova state esterp^. This 
pheno me Don has affected giants such 
as BraziL CTma and India as well as 

By Fhflip Bowrmg 

nrixed-eooiouty rrrirmaws like Sngd- 
Oman 8»»d Veneznda. ’The 


yooo^ markets haw acquired the 
ammence to eqiert praiDum {uices, 
not the discounts at which th^ woe 
previoDsly assessed. 

It is animated that S20 billion, or 

20 percent cf rKw iDoncty, has Sowed 
from U.S. attd pcnriiHi funds 
into emet^ng TnaAe*«t in thej^ 
year, ftorabty anotha S15 biHkm 
has cone from Eirtope and Japan. It 
u anyoTte's goere wtaa the form iiait- 
geis wiU cMlectivd.y deride that an 
optimum levd of emg^g madeet 
cotage of total funds the flow is stilL 
small Chi balance ft seems reason- 
able to assume that the flow will 
abate but remain stnn^ poriAve.. 

It is more to be on the 

side that HantBp» to asset values wm 
be done. Is paitiailar, driswillex- 
p(w the faD^ of pa; ' 

□liums for atty into : 


trading and setttaaent 
Thoe is a smqde and obvious rea- 
son for tt^ Most fart-growiiQ devd- 

S intiies have m common a 
f capital Opportmuties for 
investment exceed avail- 
itoility of the finds to fidfill than. In 
the loi^a run, ooopames can attisct 
such coital whether local orfoiagn, 
i^jr by offering Ugh niea of remm. 
This can hardly he the case at pre- 
sat, wboe pnce«!mngs ratios in 
the 25-10-50 range are toe noriiL In 
the riiort tom, forriga portfolio 
tal can mow asset priora sfaatpty, 
even m bi^ countriesw But in the 
a nm it 15 local su^y and denand 
that mS determine m cost of funds. 

Recently, while asset values have 
been soaimg evoywhere, aeoal pri- 
vate investmat Has been moderrte; 
or worse, in countries from Hong 
Kcmgto ThaOand, Indonesia to In- 
diiLThailaiKl hs a pasrsient sav^ 
m^mvesUDoit gap or 6 pacetit of 
GDP — hattSy a rinatkai to merit 
cheap capittL India has rdarivriy 
a/owst cuiRst account prabtem^ 
but its needs for cqiital lo i nptove 
infiastiuctuxe and modenrizemdos- 
try ait immense The same i$ true in 

China, whose investmat needs are 
sure baric Aian can be ^ovided Ity 
Ak Hong Koire ptopoty devriopen 
so befoved (tf fot^ ffistitutions. 

Ihe nsvHssue flood has baidy 'be- 
gun. Oitna Iw* t wnu twe ^i g flf StUte- 

owned ate^ises at kastas 
as those alrrady listed, vriiicrt 
dea^ low to KSoertiaMs to ' 
eiSL UHSa afaeady has a 
(riBstmas — almoti^his 
toe fotiga institotions wfllwartt to 
go beyond a few ;^ivate' names 

and pBrtud printizrticiiis surii as 
those M State Bank cd Eidia and 
T^NL, the triecommiinicatioas ^ 
anL Nor win they need to, pven toe 
toeer size of snrii issues as Ak SI 
bSSoQ firan Vl^ riad 
zatMDS in more distant 

The early Urds ewa^ 
catdniig the warns vttfli big 


cunent account suralna wUrii, as 
ffluefa asdKU,S. Feoenl Reserve, is ' 

So foDOWeeS of wwaigiMji Tnaricm^ 
should wonyleas abent a do^.cd 
mood by smiiefenM emreirw aif'a^ ^ 
often riiee^^Jre fond maimgpj^ Ttv . 

rt^ ke 9 ywr ^ on toe foaabt 
issoe votane mrt the sne of .toar 
JqxBiiieresaiplus. . ....... 

Ihurnatioaql SeM THbune , ' 

ipnetioes were setded to i 
ea^ satisfirctiQu, the 'Jrtjaaese 1 
•would sffl be $45 bilEbn to S50 1 
. ThatuwStyftisfoofiriirifpriUal- 
ly lewasdEO^ for Aib Qrntwn admair , 
istirtko toptosne a redbctioq'of Ate 
trade defirit on a laborious ptodnes- 
bty|BDduGt, sectoral basis. .■ 
ff tom is a sofotioo to toe JlspaoBse . 
'^uobkrif rt Iks ra eooiw 
mg Jq»n to boortits ont doorttic 
woncniy with a vkw to taatoig toe . 
crawnina stmdaid.of-lirinfcff *9*^. 

' nere oonauiigitioa cis^ an aocas to. 
ramorts is notbloG^Bt^AiDdican ex- 
' .tofopaaa^.iiK.— '] 



I •.•■■■ 

-S-"' ■. 



. to the con- 

teraKT. 'nKy.cannot.befoaio^i^. 

(|notto. •' 

' 'T hgis atoaefoloiwertbcriKU}^ 

andirtBtn i; 

1 T(<B)R PAGES; 100 , 75 JjNb 50 XEASS AGO 

or carvertiUes at big 

dtare has boeiy 'b^ir^ but 
alieaflyy^owli^isaie^qKaii^It ' 

rat foTS^milfiar ^notiUe Eo^ 
foboDd fnan Banilkak Tbai- 


ba± of a lailw^pR^ toat nay wdl ' 
iwva hr^pen, Irt aloiK make mooty,' 
it may K tine » tria stodc. BAa ' 
diere win be a flood of oAKia ntitong 

AhEarfyS iiiinfr . - kndw,fofoniatdett^:toeiMaakii>s 
^ ;. -RfotoOfitottttoetfoitedStmODe:: 
PARIS ~Tltere » j^ritesttiit treem. AAnglsGcriatormMtoatisftiiteBiis 
tto fiteranniriaife 

-fl oQnmtipiis. ■ triiK;_a^ toBt.we cflMe our;' 


.mooBi *> 

nornerdB 2fl.bfoK’* ISe bods.oo 


vnflKmt tooE 
if toe weaflwr' 
firiB-the' l ave s , vjffl . 

' Jtttudtetura.oir AirTfi^p* 


ey, icr toeie win be Bccfaknu. Or bodL 
For now, new issues are aetiulty- 
adtor^ to Ei{tndfty, attriiciiiig new 
money yet to be on reu prch 

parent?:: A 

monty has to be toent, and, if . 
there is au to be eannogs dilnti^ : . 
yiddh^XGtBZBS,; 1- 

, If ft is Ak Western fund-nianagcis ' 
who haw led the w^ in bidcBi^ 

Bsset prices, it is the Jqanea who 
hawbeenpioridmgAtei»eeoiuiiAan ' 
— dieapmon^'. Japanese toreeffor-. 
dgn investmat may besh^ridvitt - 

t^NPON ora New Yodc 

Sfigo mJ J&timg Matshal Josef V. 

Som anDQoaced eari^.xbdiYtl’^ 

tn tovuiixa 

ale or 


. .gi^jrastm’s 

^ i;^ 'rt aH 'ceitii& ttat 
J 0 $ fwpSL In Ak 


ffl’oader. iio. 

Sto.Ganuii-AiiBy snnoimded near 
wlucfa S^pOA 'GenDans ‘died and 
Iim^sraztekiereil :Neoiy 74J300 
■: gwfflne acoratong to 

toe Risssiaiuf ocrinL m toe bottle of 
- ttt ehricricniR^fflriiito^ 

. ^too a .vm smato 

Soriet naL -*^ba eaSm- Geasiaa. 


.k'-. V'.- :■ : ...... 




Page 7 

o P I IV 1 o i\ 

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■ ■“>■.•. - I 

• : I 
-fc' ■ I 

' - • I 


Government Doesn’t Like 


By 'William Safire 

\ir ^HINGTON — Thcscwe^^ 

» ▼ does a kxi^ job of iQvesCIgiitiiK 
the govqnmenL That’s why.ihe 
deniCbu^ Reautboria^iM Aa rin<^ 

WdS aL.. ir’ 1. .. 

fcms'iioD oul'ininor.difTerBDcs in 
two we^ ^ boi that Bin Clinion 

profnised to agowin. be OD hisde^ •' 

Not a immMot too'sot^ OMisider 
how abti^ of power'aie 'Pibb^ by' 
loaders versus outsiders. • - ' 

Last summer, Cinioo State Dq>ait- 

appomtees wR^uOy seaidied 

files of predecessors in the fio^ adnama^ 
tration; the aibsequeau d^iOTg djn 
was done rrom the WasUbstbn private 
line of Warren Omsiq^ie^tm side, 
who was off in Sngapcve. Staie'sinaxc- 

tor general sent a le^ to the semasy 
of state, wtm fired 4hecu4)ableappoiib 

lees, and sent a ^*proseGulho samaiaiy of 
potendal- Privacy- Aa riolatioas’' to Jus- 
tio& Tune-semn there the Mutant 
pofitieaUy motivated intruaoa a d^l- 
tory hx)lr-«ee and.decVned-10 prosecuta 

CoDUasi that . ina iaion with the thoi^ 
ough probe undertaken by a truly inde> 
pendent counsd in a gmibr raw niwjt^ 
the 1992 campaign Bush appointees at 
Slate scandalously searched the passport 
files of candiffafft Qinto n ^wwf hfe l uMbfri. 
An ind^Kodeot-courisd took rfa rgr of 
the case to find out coaonitted the 
misdeiBBaiiQr. and if tngher-ops Bed. in 
denying gt^knotriedge. 

What will happen? My mess: a full 
report by April but no irunaineDL Not - 
for lack of iavesiteafivezeal.or the roult 
of any pditical fix or unesqieiied inho- 
cence; tmi because the ..evidence , on 
which the CBnU» pasqxM case is bas^ 
was ‘’taimed” from the 

What tainted it was an eotirdy sepa- 
rate crime: unlawfd eayesdropirin|. 
Baker’s aides wereoverfward plottoig to 
search Gin ton files ^ meinberstf the. 
Stale Depaitmeot’s OpmikiDS. Center 
— who had no right to listen itL . 

That opened a vdiale niew can of 
wmins. A third criminal rovestigatimi 
was launched: Who at State violated the 
law by eavesdr^rptog and "roothid^ 
maldog notes of privme conveoafimte? .. 

Unfoftunatdy for law eofncemeDf, 
this matter was referred to the C&ton 
Criminal UvisioD’s Dmartmeot cf Pub- 
lic Inte^iiy, on the Boiuevaid of Broim 
Cases. An airibassadcv who had been in 
charge of the ’\vatch oostGi^ was sever 
ftxarmnwl Jo5ik»imitteKthrtifaema^ 
is *linder reriew* but nchoc^-at State 
has been rdked a quesrion in SDC ffiooths. 

In one The Budb State life- . 

partment snoops who wrongfoliy 
searched the- C^ton passport film win 
not be inoseciited because tlte sDoo^ 
the C^)etati(His Ceriler were wroi^hilly 
Iwmring in- while tbft Hinmn State De- . 

paitmsu sDOC^ vho wnmgh^ rifled 
the files of one those Bc^oe siioops 
win not be prcsecoied because Omion 
Justice goes easy ohit&owiL ... 

•.The .on^ real probe of gtrvemmeiit 
was the mdependeoi probe. Neict 
moDth, uto thelfid^KsdeDt Cbui:^ 

. Act becomes law- agam. Janet Ibm 
diould acn in an eveoiE'ahded muiner. ' 
aideJchn Hogan, who has been fiddUng 
. for dght months bn Jusdc^s mismanago- 
.ment cf Ii^gaie, as the bas& for acouit . 
request for independent - 

SecoodL ga a pFdiinmaiy 
Roben l^e, h«r iti-hoiise, iioninclepen- 
dent, mtnist^-hy-Kqnhilicaiiscom^ 
on Wbitewater, and use that to go to 
cdtat-fw a truly irKSq>endent coumcL . 

That oourt-araoinled ommsd diould .. 
tmmecfiately take testimoi^ from poten- 
tial snbjects Webster Hcu}^ Beru^ 
Niiiwhairm and HDlaiy Rodham QioUm 
todccrwgMyhiynaperinwnlv gman i jp 
the sdecticn erf Mr. nsike. 

7fuNe»-Yerk Times. 

Hiding From This Rage Is Harmful 

W aSHINOTO.s: - In 1SS7. T. 

Tb«ATJjs Fonuns. ihtf hlacl editor 
of the New York *«c. formed the Na- 
tional Afro-Amcrjcah League because, 
he w rote, the be.H edUbbted clack people 
had to lake their r.j!e cu; of the hands of 

EarK «n this ieniur.. W.EB. Du 
Bois, the editor of the NAACP Crisis 

magazine and the ntx; black Ph.D. from 
Har.ard. v.tow that educated Wack peo 


pie — a •■talented tenth" — had a re- 
spoflsibilitv for eiev,stiae black Ameri- 
cans economiraih and ^ucaUonally. 

in the 1 930-. Charles Hamilton Hous- 
lon, a prominem bluck lat^yer. pres- 
sured Howard Cntx-ersiu’s la'* school to 
increase the ngors of its irainuig be- 
cause he fell that the black lawyer must 
be well educated to "anticipate guide 
and iQierprei hi» group's adxancemeni" 
as social engineers for the black race. 

At the end of the cemuiy this empha- 
sis on educated black leaders' taking the 
reins of leadership baj been lumcd on 


No Use MakiiigSciqiegoats of the Mediators 

Map JCff 

'Yet Mcae War in the Balkans,'’ fC^- 
coR, Feb. 17), Charies H. Fairba^ Jr. 
makes some iinportant factual enor s . 
ilnlike with the eariier. Vance^Owen 

indeed, ihen is no Owen-S^ 
teno^ plan. The- meciiators have 
woriced with tte parties .cm the basis of 
thdr'diErering clannsand prc^xjsals. . 

ftpfessor . Fairbanks can ooiainly 
criddze what lias emerged, bat it is no 
use to make'ihe mediatozs the scape- 
goat .It is .w^ .recalling what 
pened ato the Vance-Om peace plm 
was set afide in the WasldngtOD meet- 
ing of May.20-22 last year. 

In early June the co-chairmen, David 
Ovten and Thoivald Stdlteob^ were 
i q yroacbed 1^ -President Framo 
man <rf Croatia and fteadent Sobodan 
Miksevk <rf Serbia pKfKODg that there 
three. rqiubGcs fooned m Bosota- 
Thdr initial suggestion 
Bttle more than 25 peacmt of 
for a pieaommaiit- 

ly Muslim r^UkL . 

Thiougbdm the summer the co-diair- 
may -who had repo^ to the UN 
Seenriw Coumdi and' the Eoropean 
Union foRigo muusters,inBdiated n^o- 
tiations between the' pai^ aiiiied at 
datifying ' questi^ wdndh Presideot 
ga Izetbegovk had hi^ligfaied and at 
ieving ftlaiger, more viable and emn- 

On Aug. 20, was agreement be- 
twecD an three parties on the constitu- 
tion for a liniaa of R^blics.of Bosnia 
and Herzegovina. On S^t 20,a meming 

00 board H. M. 5; Invincible came close 
to a settlement p^ding the mainly 
Muslim republic with JOperCTt of the 
territory, access to the Sava River in the 
north and a oaviuble pon on the Ner- 
etva River sutmble for sei^oing contain- 
er ships, as wdl as a 99-year lease and 
guaranteed access to the Croatian pon 
of Ploce. Sarajevo would be under UN 
administration and Mosiar under EU 
administration fee a period trf two years 
daring whidi time the panics undenook 
to n^otiate on a kmg-tenn solution to 
their conflic^ claims in these areas. 

The Croatian and Serbian assemblies 
acoqrted this proposed settlement The 
Bosnian assembly in Sar^evo, meeting 
on Sept 29, accepted the propo^ in 
principle but demanded more territory. 

The mediators then felt the need for 

vdoped.Thi$ plan, firmly bas^ oa the 
Invindfale padtage. demanded that the 
Muslim majori^T^bBc have 3333 pe^ 
cent of the teriitoty of Bosoia-Heizegovi- 
aa, and esmhtishir^ of a modus vivG^ 
between Croats and Serbs in C^tia. 

After imeagve private diplomacy, a 
map was tabled in mid-January giving 
the piedominanijy Muslim rmublic 
3336 percent At the same time, Croatia 
and the Federal Rqmblic of Yugoslavia 
(Serbia and MontCT^m) took tbe first 
stM toward ooimalizing their relations. 

It became dear, bemvver. that there 
were territories which were not included 
but to which tbe Bosnian government 
attached great inqxatancte Toe axbair- 
men n^oiiated an aibitraticm mecha- 

nism on these disputed lerriiories. but the 
claims of the parties were still incompati- 
ble. When tbe meeting ended on Jan. 19, 
tbe co-chairmen propued to the Bosnian 
Serbs that the)' consider implementing 
ihdr agreement for a UN administration 
and demilitarizaiion of Sarajevo in ad- 
vance of an overall seulooMnL 

The Bosnian Serbs agreed in a meet- 
ing in Pale on Feb. S. a few hours before 
(be tragedy happened in the &rejex'0 
marketplace, to enter negotiations on 
this **S^evv First" isitiative; and cem- 
firmed their wQlineness in a meeting the 
following day with the coobairmen in 
Zvomik, Bomia. 


Spokesman for the international 
Conference on tbe Former Yugosla\ia. 


A FaRnre of the West 

In re^onse to the report “Clinton 
Urges Peace Push After 68 Die in Saraje’ 
w" (Feb. 7l by Paul F. fforvitc: 

What peace is being kept by the UN 
“peacekeeping forces" in whose name 
Eurtm^ allies rationalize their in- 
action? It is time to admit that while 
blue helmets and sanctions may as- 
suage the world's conscience, the)' 
serve only to increase tbe izyustice and 
miseiy of this horrible war. 

It ts clear that tbe leaders of tbe 
NATO govenunems lack the vison and 
courage to order the Full-scale military 
action necessary to end the war. and that 
no other alliance or nation has the abili* 
ly to do so. We should face that reality 
and tb<im get out of the way. Preventing 
only the Bosnians frocu aiming thera- 

telvrt. yet refusing to end the war. is 
patently unjustifiable. 



Re^tiing "Think Abou: HTtere The 
Bombs R'j/i Fail" fOpinut:. Feb. 17i by 
Richard Burt and Richard Perle: 

1 find it astonishing that two former 
high officials in the Reagan adminis- 
tration believe that "the cause of the 
war there is Serbian and Croatian ag- 
gression against Bosnia." 

It Ls weu established that the conflict 
was triggered by ibe ill-concei\'ed deci- 
sions of Mr. Bun and Mr. Perle's succes- 
sors in the Bush adnutustraiion to recog- 
nize Croatia without any concern for 
Serbian minority nghis. 'This then led to 
the e-.iablishmem of Bosnia, where the 
Serbian minority felt e\en more danger- 
ously e.\pcKS^ to bomb "siraiegic tar- 
gets in &rbia iiself." as Mr. Bun and 
Nlr. Perle suegesL would complete tte 
disaster by risking Russian involvement, 
with incalculable consequences. 


Divonne-les-Bains. France. 

When I served as a U.S. .Air Force 
pilot in the late 19S(is and early 1990s. 
no cost was spared to ensure that ve 
could fight any counuy on earth with 
ease. Now we haw neiuier ihe will nor 
the courage to ensure that Saraies’o 
remains an open city. A coumr)* with a 
muUi-billion dollar arsenal fires only 
aiTOws of siaingly worded displeasure 
at the perpetrators of genocide. 



Bv Juan Williams 

its head by wbui might be called reac- 
tionary bl^k populism. 

Today black .America is inaeasingly 
led by people who can only be desenb^ 
as characters. And it increasingly glori- 
fies i^oranix; Pan of the debate os'er 
race includes conspiracy theories about 
.AIDS being intentionally ^read in the 
black community and while skinbeing 
an indication of genetic inferiority. 

There is no b«ier example of this 
phenomenon than Louis Farrakhan. the 
leader of the Nation of Islam, a man 
who ta^s about visits to alien space- 
ships to converse with the dead and yet 
is widely granted credibility in pockets 
of the black community. 

.At his Feb. 3 ^^'ashingion press con- 
ference 10 repudiate KJiud .Abdul Mu- 
hammad. an aide who gave a bigoted 
speech at Kean Coil^ in New jersey. 
Mr. Farrakhan said he had obtained a 
secret repon by the .Anti-Defamaijon 
League that said elected black officials 
were resentful over Mr. Farrakhan *5 suc- 
cess at affecting black public opinion. 

The League is rigbL Black politicians 
are angry and resentful. But most of all 
they are putzled about Mr. Farrakhan. 

As more black p^ticians bold office in 
Washington and in state and city govern- 
ment. they also represent larger'numbers 
of the educated. well-mforTned middle 
class — white and black. But leader- 
ship. bom of education, ambition and 
bard-won success, is derided by the Far- 
rakbans of today as “acting white" or 
losing touch with the street comer. 

The paralysis among leading blacks in 
the face of this attack is having tremen- 
dous negative impact on black public 
opinion. Data from the 1993-94 Black 
Politics Study being done at the Univer- 
sity of Chicago shows that support for 
an independent political party and other 
fonns of self-segregation and black na- 
tionalism is at an all-ume high. 

“Younger and po» blaclu are more 
apt to hold black nationalist viewpoints." 
said Michael Dawson, a sociologisi at the 
Universiiy of Chicago and co-author of 
the study, to be released in .April. “We 
were stunned bv the m^iude of change 
in support of bfack nationalist views since 
1988." the last time tbe study was done. 
Mr. Dawson .xaiil “Ri^i now- half trf the 
black oomrounity supports the idea of an 
independent black ^y." 

Those views are in tite ascendance at 
least in pan because black politicians and 
academics are afraid of being called trai- 
tors if they speak up. Thus, when Lenora 
Fulanl an innerani activist, was ^veo a 

C ' ‘ormontbe“MacNeil/LehrerNews- 
^ recently, she aniculaied the view 
that the Reverend Jesse Jackscu’s con- 
demnation erf Mr. Muhammad's hateful 
made poiple on the street ask. 
“What’s wrong with JesseT* 

What is troubling here is not one pff- 
son's beliefs but the sense erf a commuruTy 
in a frenzied rush in the direction of the 
loudesr voios. The National Black f^»litics 
study showed that in response to the 

question. “Dci you think that Farrakhan 
IS b gord leader or a dangerous force in 
the black community''" 67 percent of 
black Americans ans'^ered he is a posi- 
tive force: 28 percent deemed him a dan- 
gerous exiremisi: 4 percent said both. 

ft is (his underground sea of emotion- 
al support for Sir. Farrakhan that has 
the Congressional Black Caucus in pa- 
ralssis. alternating between embracmg 
him with "co'-enants ' and then repudi- 
ating his venomous sentiments. Ses'eral 
caucus members requested anonymity 
before discussing Mr. Farrakhan. 

“There WdS a story in The Wall Street 
Journal the other day about a prep- 
school. college-educated young woman 
from a wonderful family who could not 
gel a record contract." said one caucus 
member. “You knew what she did? She 
started cursing, idling people she was 
from the ghetto, dressing like a bum 
and then she got a contract. She's mar- 
ketable aa a stereotype. 

“Now if I pL> the role and suppion 
Farrakhan. there are black people who 
would lose it. I become more market- 
able. They enjoy the e.xpre.ssion of anger 
and confrcniJiion oter all else." 

.Another black congressman pointed 
to the oration and laughter that greeted 
the Muhammad speech. “He's a stone 
bigot . . . uiih Ji'ttJe educaiioo." the 
congressman said. "Yet he is setting tbe 
tone for black college students." 

.Mr. Muhammad's strategy during that 
controtersial speech offers insight inio 
the roots of his influence. He him- 
self the champion of insecure and unsuc- 
cessful students by saying that whites 
look down on blacks at the school. He 
then said ihai Jews who condescended to 
biack students disrespect a superior race 
who are "your mc-iher and father bioloo- 
caJIy. and genetically and historically 
land that] we are the mother and father of 
all the disciplines, all the sciences." 

Mr. Muhammad then spoke directly 
to the contradiction of growing black 
political power in (he United States. He 
named politicians such as "Stinkin' Da- 
vid Dinkins." and "Unde Tom Brad- 
ley." Representative John Lewis of 
G'eor^a. Representative Mel Reynolds 
of libnois. and said. ''U'hen white folks 
can't defeat you. they'll always find 
some Negro, 'some boot-licking, buic- 
Ucking. bamboozled, half-baked, half- 
fried. sissified. punkified. pasteurized, 
homogenized nigger that they can trot 
out in front of you." 

He then added to the list Jesse Jack- 
son. well-known academics, athletes and 
entertainers before concluding that 
“many of our politicians are in the 
of the while man's hand, but in parocu- 
lar of the Jewish white man's hand." 

The only use he has for biack poliii- 
cians is to' has'e (hem suppon r^ara- 
lioQs for blacks. He is succeeding at this 
because growing numbers of nuddle- 
class blacb ignore him. while those wbo 
feel disenfranchised feel increas'mg an- 
ger. That is the rage Ur. Muhammad is 
upping, and that other black leaders are 
ign^g at their peril. 

TTie Washington Post. 




Tlie Himgit^ Heart' - 

By Jean-Claude Baker and 
Chris OtasA Ifhtarattd: 532 
p^gier. $27i50, Randtm House.' 


Margo Jeff»;s(MQ . ' ' • 

A LITTLE song calted “Yes, 
We Have 'No Banana^ w 
the hit (rf 1921 F. SccA Hogenlfi' 
ibou^t it ctei^t' the goo^ abase- 
don of the ag^ ro it seems ri^ ibai .. 
Josq>ltt&e- Bakec. creat^'tfae hit. 
daoa number- of' ihie age .three - 
years .later wettiiis a 'Ml of ba- 
na pas aocesstxizea only by beads 
and braedets. 

A film clip shows a small part of 
that number. Baker- stm <mto m 
devated tree trunk, struxs a britf 
pose (part batfamg ' beauty, part 
cocky safior); that , steps down lo 
(he stage of - the FoS^Beegbr^ 
«4udt bas ’beat tnined into a jun^ 
complete-: with .vrinte ;exp3orer imd- 
African driixniDers. • • 

What exa^did ^edo? A 
Hptifte and a 'CSuriesum, writes 
Jeaa-Ciaude Baker, ^nq». grin^ 
and an eccentric dudeeo,- “all in 
one number with bananas ‘ 

She also sqaatted. monkc, 

mime d Cuptd ^th 'Ks bOW, „„ 

elao^ at the skating eaiucw. 

nimed her bade w lum and perched 

renter $0^ like a sDWft littl e hen. 
The wnient was wide-eyed primi- 

v;hat they re reading 

• Tfinccnt'SapM a prqect man- 
ager for Se^te Ttedhrology liviag 
in Ihirilandj. is. leafing ‘^SmiBa's 
Saae of Sn^ by Pdet Ho^ and 
“The, 5A$iping .Netia", by-. Annie 
.ProobL ' 

“Liv^ so near the Equator, 1 
icM bc^'ididre fio^.weaiher is 
the' proranori f<»ce saivigating the 
protagonist throng- the narrative 
fin&" . - ■ • .(Bvry James, HFT) . 

ti«sa^''d»fepawflyin^^ “J 
definiidy wmied to. seduce tbe 
-whdeoqrftaL" she ^ of her Fam 
.niuEqrfi^ and forber, sednedon was 
alnitys.cobquesL *Tt:is a dod be- 
tweatiheoi and n^’’.sbesnd of the 
andiQUS triiose love she craved. 
*My heart hecomes as.hard as niy 
^ x^s a 'erf wmmD^ 

It ahn^s bad been« Baker wmi 
oot.ngaittst-a dnldh'ood of pemin 
and erndty. Sbewm-tbe Crou de. 
Goene: for her. iiezk with the 
Ftendi Kfetaance Wrald War 
H. >^-riie-wbn ^years trf.fame, 
fortune andadolaiion. . 

' Now dw has 'woh tte i^t to be 
tafeen sdjously t^postcri^, some- 
dung ste omst have '(teaily wanted 
because she published five autoN- 

iToridng widi Chris CSiase, Jean- 
Ciaiude Bam has comlnDed cultur- 

al and theatrical hisiofy with an 
intense Oedipel drama. He met 
Baker, v^ he was 14, and was 
taken in by her. 

Through the years she treated 
him ZOse a sm and like a serf. He 
read everything about her he could 
find, he writes, “beranse I loved 
her, hated her, and wanted draper- 
ale^ to understand hra." Those 
emotions drove his book, and they 
drove him to do vast amnnn« of 
vahi^rfe lesraidL 

The result is mesmerizing: a bat- 
de:(rf wills whb Josqihine as the 
nuiisterinihd, concocting fables 
about her life, and Jean-Gaude as 
the deteecive. breaking them down 
into bets. 

' Baker was born in Sl Lotus, to a 
-lanndiess turned Carrie McDonald 
^ a man listed only as “Edw." on 
the Nrtii certificate sate swept stqts. 

By Alan Truscott 

F or players- in the New Yoik 

metropolitan area. a» roirafr 

mem year always b^ins wm to 
Tri-State R^onal Omn^Monslups 
at the Rye Towm Hilton in Port 
Chester. New York. Tte yw, to 
tournatneni began on -fa” 
for tbe first ume lasted f ™U wedL 
A regular visitor to ths i«m»- 
ment is Jim Linhan of Manhatt^ 

who at 6 feet 8 indies IS one Of to. 

worW’s allcsl bridge play^ He 
had reason to be happy with the 
diagramed deal olay^ w ? ' 

ai the Fall Natronab m Seal- 
tie, Washingtori, in Novemo6f-^ 

As South he was startied » find 
htmsdf with 0-0-5-8 di^bWio?,. 
'and look a reasonable shot at y 
dubs foltowng a weak 
hid on his ri^L West had 
rea.son to expect th^ six 
vwuld mate, arid that contract 

would have lunged on to opening 
lead: A ciub aUim East to SDccee^ 
but to dhuDond-kiiig results in 

■Howiwra,- North Itod. ^ 

mraKi verfd Gouirfedwiih tiiree<^ 
( ^ i b pwyr^a^coiitinedioteveri 
cl phs , wWinatuni^ doubled with : 
sototte^idebo^ rfDflN()ith 
' bled,:iiodoaM in the bppeof scar- 
. io^-tho opposition-, into seven: 
spades: Both Judgmerits were 
' witmgas to sei^ prayedi'Seven 
dubs was unbeatalfe and Smith 
was penniited id-play in tint oofi-' 
.. trart. ... -V . • 

^tb ruffed to <qmmg Im 
leSd arid pl^ed.the diaoKHidlui^ - 
'mfiirig;oBl:Wesfs ace. He ton 
i^f^a spade and ted to diamond 
ten for a ruffing finesra t^aito . 
' Wen's -prennwa jack. Tha dia- 
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scrubbed floors and stole coal to 
help support her farmly, and went to 
tbe theater every chaiira to goL 
By the age of 1 1 she was clown- 
ing and pla^g the trombone with 
a local family of muacians; by 13 
she was maraed, and at J4 she left 
husband and hometown to go 
Dorib nitb a vaudeville troupe. 

It was 1920, and Baker soon 
ma^ her way tnio Broadway musi- 
cals and Harlem rughtcluhs. The 
real break came when an alert and 
wralthy woman named Caredine 
Dudl^ dedded to take Harlem to 
Paris in to form of a black revue. 
It was 192S, a ^and year. 

Fitzgerald publitii^ “The Great 
Gatsby," Louis Aimstioag made 
bis Hot Five recordings and Char- 
lie Chaplin made “Tbe Gold 
Ruto” New York had Martha 
Graham in “The Oreenwidi Vil- 
lage Follies''; Paris got Josefrfune 
Baker in “La Revue Nigre." 

One critic acclaimed: “Is this a 
man? Is tto a woman? Is she horri- 
ble? Is she ravishing Is to black? 
Is she white?" Anotor swore Baker 
bad to splendor of an ancient ani- 
mal and to grin of a benevolent 


Many saw her as a child of na- 
ture. Bat Jeao-Claude Baker 
writes: “They were mistaken. Jose- 
pltoe was not a natural child, to 
was a oompbeated. driven 19-yeai^ 
old. She hemelf had created that 
‘magnificent dark body’ out of her 
win and her ne^ to be noticed," 
World War II made Baker to 
hero she longed to be. and by to 
l^Os ste was ready to take (^ to 
roles of mother, impresario and 
freedom fighter. Unable to have 
dtildren. she adopted 12 from 
around to worid and called tom 
fiec Rainbow Tribe: a (iving experi- 
.ment inuniversal brenberbood and 
inqterial motherhood. 

^e convened her chSieau. Les 
Mfilandes. into a combinaiitm of 
Monte Carlo and Disney World, 
touring ceaselessly and fatOely to 
suppon tite venture. 

lliese are bard yean to read 
about Baker handled nxmey badly, 
and broke contracts and promises 
wantonly. 9ve treated her cbildrai 
fflte ai]^ to kivos, hutonds 
and arflerapes like abject subjects.^ 
“Josephine: The Hu;^' Heart" 
is mesmerizing and tetri^og. This 
hook is a battle <rf mils between 
Josephine Baker and Jean-Gaude 
^er. but U is a stunning example 
of collaboration, loo. In to end. 
they tNodi win. 

Mivgo J^erson is m ihe sndf af\ 
The New Y^k Tunes. 


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International Herald Tribune 
fridqy, February 18, 1994 
Page 8 

Entertainment Made in Singapore 

By Andre w Ranard 

S INGAPORE — "it was a miracle,*' 
hkia Fktreniino says with a note of 
religiosity. "An accideoL T was audi- 
tioning for a cfaonis paru" After the 
grueling suspense of 10 audidons over two 
years. Fiorentino landed the lead role, Kin^ 
in the Broadway musical ‘'Miss Saigon" 
when Lea SalODga. who t^^ened the show, 
moved on. 

The voice and acting and danong lessons 
pmd off, even if one Christioas in Nw York 
city she was so brdce she couldn’t buy 
presents for her parents and b^riend, now 
husband, the French actor. Chiistiao Au- 

Ldia Rorentino and Lea Salonga are both 
Filipino, and with the likeness of thdr first 
nam es, people often o^use them. Salonga 
receiv^ a Tony Award and kudos that re- 
verberated across Amoica for her pedor- 
mance in "Miss Saigon"; Florendno, who 
brou^t up the rear, did eight shows a week 
for ly^monihs and got a short review in New 
Ymk Magazine, which called her talents 

She left "Miss Saigon" last September and 
now is in Si^pore — brash, materialistic, 
consumeiHiriven Siogapore. which three 
years ago launched its ^vernmem-inspired 
camptfign to become a Southeast Asian hub 
for ^ture and the arts. The dty-state would 
live dovim its regional njckname "Singa- 
bore," ofjidals said. And if reservoirs of cash 
arc what it takes to succeed in the arts. 
Singapore has won half the battle. 

With audiences that will pay 5180 for a 
ticket, in the last year Sing^ore has drawn 
Mich^ Jackson, a Simon & Gaifunkel re- 
union appearance, Pavarotti, Kiri Te 
Kanawa and the R^y Useful Conqiany’s 
touring Australian production of "Cat&" 
Cameron Mackintosh's SS-miUiori Broad- 
way/West End production “Les Mis&ra- 
bles" is currently playing, and next Thurs- 
day Bob Dylan will appear. 

This isi't aunigh, bimever, to satiny local, 
hubris. There must also be atten^ts to create' 
world-class art. Which brings us back to 

In 1993, Andy Urn, a Singaporean entre- 
preneur and coosultani in the exhibition, 
trade and convention industry, started a 
j^l-venture theater company m Singapore. 
'Wiih notes for a script, be lured Florendno 
from New York to star in a locally produced 
musical- The muanl would be a collabora- 
tion bi^een local and imported talent, and 
Urn’s wife wrote many of the lyrics; his co- 
producer Edmund and his brother Ray- 
mund Ooi wrote music; Charies Strouse, a 
Tony Award winner, did the theme soi^; 
Koh Buck Song, a journalist for the Straits 
Times, operated on die script, and Robert 
Tuxoff. the former New Yorif City director 
of musicals, was brought out of semi-re dre- 
ment in Florida to direct Except for Horen- 
lino, the cast would remain regnal 
The “product" as Um refers to it is 
"Bum Street Tbe MuaaaL” which opened 
00 Jan. 30. It deals with a hot subject in 
Smgapore. also pertinent re^onally: tbe hu- 
man cost of economic devdopmoit 
Bu^ IproDOunced B<^c) Street was an 
unbridled red-light district of the dd Singa- 
pore before the country’s march — forcM 

■ The Acadimie Pran 9 alse has 
ofndally confirmed that there is a 
mistake on some of France's new 50- 
franc bills — a wrongly placed accent in 
the name of tbe writer Antoine de 
Saint-Exup^. The newspaper Liberation 
(acute accent on the "eT had reported 
that an eariy run of tbe bills, about 20 
per^i, shows an accent on the 
capital “E," which is wnmg. The 
A^emie (acute accent on tbe rirsl 
"e'T Fran^aise expressed regret that the 
writer’s name was printed so small 
that the mistake took months to discover. 

Leila Fiorentino 

march, some would say — toward progress, 
which began in tte 19^ following indepen- 
dence from Malay^ The street, an opra-air 
arcade, was notorious throughout Aria to 
its transvestite iraftic and prostitution, and 
depending on what side of me issue ypu take, 
it was a cesspool of moral d^radation or a 
ralorful symbol of live-and-let-live toler- 

The Sing^rean government decided Bu- 
^ Street did not Gi the country's new face, 
and the street was demolished in 1983. Al- 
most immediately there was regr^ Many 
argued th at , with Singapore’s ma^ve trans- 
formation toward aavrmced-nation status, 
too mu(^ local architecture and culture bad 
been destroyed. Moreover, Bu^ Street had 
b^ a great tourist draw. Thus in 1991, a 
govenmient-spoiisored project resurrected 
me street, minus its sle^ elements, across 
from its original locatioiL 

The musical "Bugjs Street" is set in the 
days just before doatditioo. and its plot is 
potratiaUy dever but tiuo. Florentmo plays 
Md-IL the herome, a young Chbese womart 
who was sold 20 years earlier a destitute 
^ngaporean far^ to a BmishOiinese 
couple. She has beem raised in FnglanA but, 
discovermg that she was adopt^ she re- 
turns to Singqxue to search for her urents 
and her roots. She worics to the Urban 
Redevelopment Anthority cm the project to 
raze Street and nojst placate resideats 
who win be moved to new govenunenl hous- 
ing projects. In the process, die discovers 
that W father is a pix^ on Bu^ Street Her 
mother is a suffering, heroic Ggure, alcmg the 
lines of the mother-pasosae in “Tie 
Luck Qub.” There b romance — she falb in 
love with a Bi^ Street hawker beneath her 
social station — and tia^ecN. 

Tbe topic of the morical b provocative, 
and so it b unfortunate that it fails. A m^or 
problem b the lack of timiog and tension 
and tile fact that the o^stety in the drama — 
who are Mei-li's paroits? — bdivulged, as in 
Koh Buck Song’s locally published nowdiza- 
don of the musical script, within the earliest 
stages of the story. almost from tbe 
begunung, the show has a wooden predict- 

It IS enough to sw that the producers took 
a risk and so did Horeniino. ^ b with a 
re^onal cast, mostly SiBgapoiean, who 
w^d have their work cut out estabtishu^ 
themsdves in a dty as far from the competi- 
tive heart of theater as Milwaukee. Arm so 
Fiorentino, with 19 months Broadway 
polish, b a diamond in the rou^ She single- 
faandediy carries tiie show. 

In person, she's tbe dasric ingemne. At 
Singwore's Mandarin Hotri on glhzy Or- 
chara Road, where she b staying she sits for 
an iniCTview with her damped togetiur 
Sunday School style, wearing a MothCT Su- 
perior cbmee of a modest suit in black and 
white. Sie b dfacipKned. she sms — yes, that 
b evident on st^ — and being a stage 
actress b "tou^" 

The ineluctable question: Why Broadway 
to Singapore? 

Nostalgia affected her decbioiL Sbe emi- 
grated with her fampy to tbe United States in 
1984 from the FlulipjMnes, and thb was her 
Grst chance to revirit Asia. "I tbmlt it*s 
good,’’ sbeadds, "that I perform with Arians 
in an Asian production, fm proud of tfaaL 
These are the p^le I grew up with. You 
know, I got my singing from the Philippines. 
It's a very musical country." 

"Bu^ Street," vriiich cost more than 
5600,000 to produce, b scheduled to dose 
on Tuesday. The show b ri^ng the horns of 
Singapore's dilemma to become a cultural 
hub. The delate b Gush witii ca^ but its 
talent pool and audience population of 3.1 
million are anaH To succeed. locaDy pro- 
duced shows, like the big impoi^ ones, will 
have to play re^onally, and "Bugb Street" 
wants to m^e the ie^ to the Hiilippmes, 
Malaysia, Hong Kong and Australia. 

"If thb show goes to tbe Fhfl^pines, that 
vdll really be exciting," Fiorentino says, fto: 
voice drops a throat notch: “Yeah, tbatll . 
be nroA)* exdting." 

Rantnxi wriles on cu/Ucure and the 
arts in Asia 


Monte Carlo, Beyond the Casino 

By Alan Riding 

tVrv Yoilt 7jm» Sayke 

M onte carlo — At first,' i 
presumed that Monaco buly 
appealed to gamblers rich 
enou^ not to wes when lock 
betrayed them in the casinos of Monte Cai^ 
lo. How wrong I was. Monaco draws all 
kinds of ridu such as those triio come to 
deposit mooM in di s creet bank aecounb or 
to ^pend SSOO (S8S) to two for dinner or to 
escape inquisitive tax inspectors back home 
or to park their hizury yachts in the port or 
to . . . In fact, it turns out that most peopte- 
who virit or live in the princqtaliQr are not 
gamblers at alL 

My next discovery, though, was moreln- 
tensting: You don't even haw, to be rich to 
ei^oy Monaca But it does h^ to like being 
around the rich — to get a vicarious thrill 
from admiring other people's Fenaris and 
RoUs-Royoes or marvrang at tbe prices in 
Chmd and Yves Saint Lanrent boutiques or 
peeping into tbe exdusive realm the Hhtel 
de Pax&s Loub XV Festauranc or watriiing 
expressionJess men and women risk thou- 
sands of doDais on tbe mm of a card. 

Fortunaldy, there b more to do than that. 
A tour of old Monaco, a visit to museums, an 
outing on a boat, good meab at less than 
Loms XV prices and, why not, a bet or two at 
the green baize tables w make to a good 
weekend, above aO in the vrinter, when the 
weather is pleasantly mOd (sanaaers can be 
stiflingW hot). 

Bat, firi's face it, thb b not Las Vi%^ or 
Atlantic Gty. Monaco caters essentially to the 
ikh. And to protect them, ludden cameras 
and ever-vi^Iant ptdice ofiScers keep an eye 
ont to the wrong land of viators: Monaco 
thinks (tf itsdf as tbe sort of place wdioe you 
can wear your best fins ana jewds fearing 
notbrng more than an approving glance. 

Monaco, though, was not always like thi& 
The Grimaldi fairtily — the boe to vritich 
Prince Ramier bekmgs — boasts that tbe 
dynasty dates back to tbe 13th cenbuy, but 
tlte nation was little more ^han a rundown 
town On tbe Frnidbk Riviera until tbe mkl- 
19tfa century. It was then that Prince Charies 
in todk advantage of the ban on gambliiig in 
oei^boring France and Italy to build a l^e 
and elaboratriy decorated casino in a section 
he named Monte Caria PanQr faoteb spOn 
followed and, within a decade orlt^ Meute ‘ 
Carlo had become a sybaritic piaygroudd lor 
tbe rich and royal trf Eurc^ 

By tbe time Prince Rainier came to the 

throne in 1949 ai ibe of 25, however, 
Monaco had acquized a more sieaty rota- 
tion, he was eager to sihake off. The 
tuntiflg'pctint came cn die 1950s, when ins 
maniageto GiaccK^ wi^^ped the prind- 
pali^ in an. aura of romance. After that,', 
while stiB 'wotting gamUers; -Monaco began 
sdling itsdf as a tax haven for the ricL 

Today, five out of sex of its 30,000 inhabit- 
ants are not natives of Monaco, altixxxgh of 
course not dl are rich: many w^ in hotels, 
restauiants imd banks. Nonethdess. ..three 
anniial events Le Bal de la Rose on March 
12 this year, tbe Monte Cario TennU Open 
betwee n April 16 and 24 and tiie Ftximw I 
Grand Frix car race on May IS never fail 
to draw tbe international j‘et seL ... 

Tbe oountiy’s three distinct das can still be 
seen in its ardtitecbire. On oiie'hin stands the 
Royal Palace and the oU town, Monaco ViDe, 
dating from the ISth did 16th cqitnries; In 
(he summer months there aregohied touts of 
the pdace; hut Ifaad to make do -with wateb- 
iqg'Prince Rahuer's toy «nMiw<fjiPf^ng the 
guard — a daDy event that takes dace at 
piechdy 11:55 A.M. .U is not ezaetfyfiuck- 
^lao^ but there is aitways a small 
crowd in attendance as a Btfle band acoony^ 
nies the seven soldiecs in bine bbdt 
jackets and blue troosas as dtey mardi from 
the 18th-oeatniy barracis m bbht <ti the pal- 
ace to do-ibeirltit for trai&tion. . ' 

In the narrow streets IjMcli^'t^ .tiieplBU 
m front of the palace tow^ die quaint 
Placede la Mairie,'tbedre are wores of sonve- ' 
nir shops and modestiy i»ic^ Italian l e s t au - 
rants- • 

Another path the plaa winds along-, 
the edge tti the hfll a good view m 

the new de Fontridue marina bdow, 
and leads to the cathedral, a.- 19th-centoiy 
al tomba Tire fmtii Uren hetds into gardra 
— with palm trees, no less. ^ — that deye 
down tovutfd tbe sea and, in snznmer at le^ 
offer a momeat of respate. 

Monaco has several historical museum^ 
but ito to be missed if children are in tow is 
the nearby Oceanographic Museum, whi^ 
dates from the turn of the ceutacy and stands 
impresrivdy on the edge of tiie Mediteua- 
nean. On its lowm-itoor^ an aquarium, jrith 
a^lendid odlpi^oa of Gshfiomboth tropb . 
cal and .teoapm^ watera-some. as brightly ' 
coTorCd se pairoi^otb^ bei^disti^ 
able from ib^'^and oesaL Tne tmun haH 
witti its VBi]}l^ ceQmg, has one section cat 
the biolo^ of the oceans (with stuped wd- 

riises and sea lions) and another section on 
thetechnetiogy ctimarinereseaichCwithfas- 
tiumms showing the devdopment <ti 
diving and scuba equipment). Finalfy,. the 
roof of the mnsosn wfers a q)ectacular view 
aooss tbfrPort de Monaco to what a century 
agpwas thenew town of Mdote Cazto. 

But isn’t it rime for some gambling? The 
Cafk de Paris has a casino at its rear that, after 
the. 19th-centiin ri^nce of. the Ha oe du 

Casino, is firank^ an antidiinax. MbA is pvn 
over to banks of dot machines gobUipgiq) 1- 

&mc, 5-franc and W-franc pieres and, pro- 
suzB^ly, letutning afew. There is also an area 
to what are called the “American games" ~ 
roulette; o^is, bladgadt, etc. I soon left 

Bdow the Casino de Mmte Cwo staw 
the spiawiing Loews- Hotd, wUdi has its 
own perhaps a tad classier than tbe 
C^.de Faru’s, bm yon could stiD be is a 
jmiu-Las Vegas when it-emnes to ^tter. It, 
too, is drri^ between dot macoiaes and 
gre^ tables and is the favorite for 
I talians who -across. tiie nearby bmder 
for an evening m gamUing. 

1 was niot to be disappomted, however, 
tbe Casino^ Ntoue Orio^vrin^ after afl. IS , 
Monaco's to fame. You enter — 

“properly dressed," meaning coat and tie for 
-jnen — riwwig h a hah of marble oohimns 
under a stahied-glass roof and then wander 
dmju^ one ornate Bdle Epo^ room after 
asotber, each fntTmtnat^ chandeiiers and 
decofated with bucdic and maritime Eresooes, 
ieseinltiizig a soil of VenaiOes on the Rivida: 

I N practice, thovglvlhis is two caanos. 
The entrance fee is .50 francs .^.50) 
for the Eurppem Rooms with riot ma- 
chines (fairfy disraeetiy off to one. side) 

. and tables vriiere stakes in roulette, cr^ 
and bladgack are tintited to around $10b. 
Here, at lea^ people seoned to be «atipymg 
thimudvesi. An extra $8.50, thou^ It^ds to' 
the spacioas Private Rooms, are not in 

fact privaiB.but are anq>ly where serious' 

' gyifn b1in g - t«1ws pln/^ 

The of ejqwntive cjgats haiigs in the 
air, cognac passes rest on tables, con versa- _ 
tiens are canM out in whiqms and oiiW the . 
didL of bang collected or han^ cnit^ 
bredcs the aldice. With mmimiim stakes of, 
bowem $200 and $800 sndtnajdsmttns of 
m S^TDO jp'tpaiette^ drio^ dfs to and pai 
gow potoir; 5^ for con- ! 

cCTOutihg? Yim^C^-'tiiau^ just’ wa^ 
aiid vrito hpcba meoato ponder- ’ 

ing the insdmaltie £acre of un^ ttit^ 
and women to agns of pain or pteasurO? 


Directed by Nanni Moreiii, 

Tbe search to meaning. The 
search for direction. The search 
for bealtK On my Vraja. The 
islands. Tbe doctors. These are 
the three chapters of Nanni 
MoreiU's latest Glm. a light- 
hearted but fuodomeotaUy 
tc odyssey narrated the direc- 
tor in the form of diary entries. 
Shot in a deUberateiy tixnplistic 
fashion to evoke an almost 
home-movie amaieuriso, the 
fibn opens with a sdiiory Mor- 
etti on his Vespa, explokg the 
deserted streets of Rome in sum- 
mer. His drearru be tells us as he 
ruminates on bouses, neigbor- 
hoods, and historic sites, is to be 
able to dance. In chapter two. 
Morerti tesves Rome to explore 
the Aeolian Islands eff Sicily, 
searching for an atmosphere that 

will allow him to write tbe 
screeopby of his latest Elm. At 
Lipaii Moretti finds only confu- 
sion, noise, and traffic. On an- 
other bland, tbe (fiiecior finds a 
society centered around and 
ruled % a group of children. The 
third chapter. "The Doctors." is 
tbe most realistic, and by far the 
most unnerving Running with 
a scene from his rinai chemo- 
therapy treatment. Moretti 
weaves the ule of his iocreasing- 
ly desperate meanderings 
through the medical pui^tory 
of Rraie. where dozens ofinyc^ 
pic doctors prescribe a myriad of 
medicines and treatments to a 
peisisteoc itdi that only after 
months is diagnosed as Hodg- 
kin's Disease. "Caro I^ario." a 
somewhat desultory film, is hdd 
together by Moretti's wit. his 
scif-efracuis personality, and by 
his singular ability to coryure 
both joy and sadness out <ti the 

sarreaL Despite its flaws, it is a 
{tieasure to experience. 

fKen Sludman, IHT) 

The Getaway 

Directed bv Roger Dmaldson. 


Not evoyone can tumble out 
of a garb^ truck and stiQ lode 
glanKHOuslv tousled. Afia The 

Getaway." you'd have to put 
Kim Basinger and Alec 
Baldwin at the top (4 that list 
Their ^ipeal as a couple iti gor- 
geous outlaws is the main reason 
to see this tieek. entenaming re- 
make of Sam Peddnpah's 
action film. B^ger and Bal- 
dwin. who bavv been an <tid mar- 
ried couple for five mocihs now, 
have the wit and unabashed van- 
ity to @ve this update a cynical 
TiOs flavra-. It is a tale of mist, 
double crosses and car chases 
not necessarily in that order. 
You Just have to cijoy waictdng 



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Baldwin and Raangpr look at 
each other, always vrith a healthy 
sense that this movie is a lark. 
Fun though it is, ‘The Getaway" 
could have been a lot better. 

fCaryn James, NYT) 

Ac# Ventura: 

Pet Detective 

Directed by Tom Shadya^ 

As "Ace Ventura: Pet Detec- 
tive," the comic actor Jim Car- 
rey ^ves one the most hyperac- 
tive performances ever brou^t 
to ite screen. With his 
swept into a precious leaning 
tower, his eyes wide as saucers, 
moving in spasms, he suggests 
Desi Amaz as Don Knotts on 
speed. Only a child could love 
Carrey’s character, but that 
may be the point. 

Tbe scenes M Ace communicat- 
ing with tiie menagerie of pets 




«* 3Y W 64w 

tae ( 33 - 1 ) 46 97 94 4 ft 

laoi'^ dd. Footo wiitainiL 
Cvne o M bwe. 8 (P^S 744 Q 3 


ADMBIAl HOra. 2I3B 1m |U 
Menh, f hi piiwi SMPIt. Uec 
7C«<M3 ADHOTeL pm. dos. 
llu 'esm tosB B jVarJo Bov. 


WOaUnMBE. Sprod dnvAn oMhe 
Imc0 rw daowR ecoHBBi / mtve. 
Ocdi ctnb posbla. Tals (!■ 43 


So did nearly half 
a millioa readers for whom 
travel is a way of life 
ShtnddrCtyou place 
your ad in the 

fNlTR^^mNAL H£3ULD 'llUBfJNE? 

he b'ves with hint at an endear- 
ing wackiness that is ab^Uy 
undercut by tbe movie’s ridicu- . 
lous ploL The story concerns 
the iadnantiog of the hrianii 
Dolphins’ masooL a dolphiit 
nanied Snowflake. Ace, takiog 
time off from his qo^ to find a 
true altmio pigeon, is not quite 
as dumb os be seems. He suc- 
ceeds in returning S/iowflakc to 
the Dolphins just in time for it 
to appear at half-time in the 
SupCT BowL 

(Stephen Holden, iVTT) 


Directed by Claude CkabroL 

Chabrol has made a ^>edal 9 of 
probi^ tbe bourgeon front to 
examine the pathology that 
lurics beneath French social be- 
havior. lofiddicy. deception, 
and homemade suffering are his 
bread and butter, with a drilop 
of prason in the air that may 
lead to a murderous conclusion. 
No wonder he was teoyted to 
adapt this scenario on j^ousy 

from an unfiniahed fflm by 
Henri-Gtor^ Ckwzoi, he oo- 
casiona! bridge partner tbe 
man who made "Les Diabcdi- 
ques” was also a Gonnoisseur (tf 
the unq;aie( mtoage. Paul 
(FranqtM Gnat) runs a la^ 
ade resort; fliitatious Ndl^ 
(Emmanudle Biart) Ims time 
on her hands; soon anxnoos 
i^cingg and gnawing suspi- 
cions turn into a ^-fled^- 
delirium. It is as if Pad were 
writii^ his own scenario, fUm- 
ing his own helL He follows 
NeDy to town and sees or pio- 
tures the wrasl — at best, slw is 
not an innocent Desdemona. 
B&ait plays the chOd-wife with 
grace, Wyou never belim in 
her dupli^ to li»g because 
Chabrol’s irony inva^ the 
film, eroding suspense. 'The di- 
rector lores this subject so 
much, he shows his hand- iq. 
stead of dy ii^uation. each 
morbid unaginuig ts drummed 
ouL Pad's .hell amuses Chabrol 
more than it moves us. 

(Joan Di^ont. IHT) Francois Cluzet and EmmanueUe Beart in “UEnfer. ij 




The Real Estate 

Every Frtoay IN THE IHT fOR: 
WORLDWIDE Real Estate fob sat.e 

Real ESTATE Consultants 

REAL Estate iNrasTME^ ' 

H]xi]RY HOMES & Estate 

Vacation Rentais 

^ ^ 

Iniernaiional Herald Tribune 
Friday, February 18, 1994 
Page 9 

Flying ill tJie jr j fijjfi/ U9if umi Hjis 

> ^ 

By Roger Collis 

/wanariwM/ Oer aU Tribme 

T he. reeesuoQ has rbecome the 
^ invention. Business trav^ 
^ers are fed tq) tviOi ■ oat^' 
j. ^co os.twanesB fares areleannnzio 
use discoanted eoooomy Sam aad boSdgv 
to busbias tetiMtkns 
Brussds, Amsterdam and . 

n Weil, how much 

Dea^ty do you really need on many trips’ 

rS *® sacrifice for 

less than 30 percent of 
the pnee of a fpUy flesdble ticket? For that 
i ^ of m onqi it to buy another tkiiet 

to come badt if your pUms and 

throw the return half away. 

The cteTOt tickets most normally he 
bought - 14 days ahead and thai there is the 
Satmd^nighi'^tay nonseosci a coo* 
signed to pier^tbusiiiesspemdehiiy iiw fitmg 
t^areiMt tofin iq> dmbac&of tteSane^ 

Ibe solution is to trawl the smatt ads for a 
consohdator who speciaBzes in the destinar 
tion you need He may be altie to warn the 

advance Doolring-piw iry iwTu ny 

qmen^ts, and riiave a few dbOars off tiie 

pnhushed fare ^ dse add a weekend to your 
tcq). Many lam eiqf hotels slash tbdriales by 
as modh as SO percent on weekends. 

As routes become moe competitive, the 
growing price gqi between bumess da»- 
and economy has become more serious. 

Ibke Umdon-Nice, for exanmlb The round- 
trip business fare on Air F^ce, British 
Anways and British Midland is £577 (about 
S 8 S 0 ). There is a so<aIled - 

Found-tiip fare of £393 fa badc-cf-theiilane 
fare cxc^t for BM) that allows you to 
dia^ your return by uj^rading to tiie full 
bnsm» fare. Roun^tttp discount fores 
range from £119 to £277 with advance por- 
chaie and the Sannday ni ght. 

LondttbNice is a pamHigm for what will 
happen cm other routes udiere mme than two 
earners compete. Air Fonce has izz&odiB»d 
its BniodiaQeD^fare on serrices to 15 aTon* 
tries in Europe; h is aimed at busness trav^ 
wh o want a flexible ticket for 10 to 27 
pexccsu.fossrhaD they*re pwing in buriness 
dass. it's a start, but youTc fikdy topay top 
dollar for flexibility ror some rime yet 
. .Here are some ways to cut comeR; 

• Fly/st^ paejea^ cu give you the flex- 
ShH^- ymi nm for one*third the cost of 
putting together the same trip your^. 

Fh fnfMfii Tmfhr 

Many diy-break reedaEsts can provide doe* 
to tmee^nighi miawedc at a foor- 

or five-star hotel fw about the same price as 
the round-tito burinesadass fare. 

- •Agoodtnvdagpitriioaldbeabletoget 
you the ‘‘coipoiate rate" (IS to 30 perceut 
off'fhe rack rate at holds whh wtidi th^ 
have avQhnae discount). Many of the major 
diains ate featuring discounts (iq> to ^ 
peroehi) at holds ihxoii|hout Europe. lode 
out for stimma- “sales": wedeend rates and 
packages in various guises. So you can bring 
your loved one alcmg on expeuses, and epjoy. 

• Hold. Express Intematfo^ offers SO 
percent off at more than 800 holds in Eu- 
rope.' Consder jmnmgtbelnternatioiial Ah^ 
line Passeugers Association (take the cbe^ 
memberd^ without msnranoe) for the hotd 
discounts it offers. 

• Badc-to-back exe m s ton tickets are one 

rickets. Tills works best for people who cozs- 
'mnte or travd TKulaily between two dtks. 
Let's say you wo& in Paris and visit Zutidi 
on weetoids. .You buy two ticket^ one at 
. either end. Monday you fN to Paris on the 
first tided and back to 21m^ Friday co the 

sectmd tideet. The foUowing Monday you 
use the return half of the second ticket and 
os Friday the retuni half of the first tideet. 
And so on. You thus save up to 50 percent on 
fuD economy fare. 

• Air passes can offer major savings. 
SA?5 Virit Scandinavia air pass covers do- 
mestic flights within Denmark, Sweden and 
Norway, plus international services in the 
thrre countries. Passes are available to red- 
dents of most European countries. In Brit- 
ain, for exanqile, you can buy one coupon 
ior £50, and two for £100, .Additional cou- 
pons (maximum six) cost £40 eadL Eadi 
coupon is valid for one flight sector. You 
must buy an APEX/PEX tideet on SAS to 

• When it comes to car rentals, savr^ 
travelers never pay the walk-up rate. A lot of 
perote can get discounts throu^ co m p ani es 
andefub mentoenhips. But the best d^ls are 
rumdisciwntable bu^ess/leisure rates that 
you book in advance to rental abroad. Ma- 
jttf firms offer much the same. Hertz and 
Avis have Business Oass; Eunqicar Inier- 
reoi has Bnaness Drive and Budget has 
Buaness l^av^. Leisure deals worth look- 
ing for are Hertz Europe mi Wheels, Afford- 
able fiiFope (for North Americans) and 
opcai*s Super Drive. Always look for 
promotions. For exanmle, HerQ has a spe- 
cial rate for ^lain vud to March 31. A 
group A car booked from France is 2S per- 
cent lower than the normal Europe on 
Wbeds late — 1 ,407 francs (about S240) per 
we^ rniWniited m0eage> taxes and msur- 
ance. Mqor Aims offer one-way rentals (of- 
ten without diop-trff dunges) between sugor 
cities in ^rope. One-way rental is a omt 
way to bridge the gap with an APEX/PEX 

“openjaw'’ ticket (fN to one diy, retnm 
fnm another), possi^ in Europe within the 
same country. Fly to Paris, d^ to Nice, 
and fly hade fnnn there. 

II TH inn 

Hong Kong’s Neptune: Nightlife Basics 

By Kevin Muiplor . . 

/juvnatwaat BeraU THbiM 

OSG S.WO Weari^ by 
Hong 'Kmqf s pfoado-so[diistica- 
tioa and sieq> prices, for under- 
whehnuig cntertaianiest? Wi^ 
the subtenanean Nqptune IKso^ a ni^- 
clnb for danemg types and sociologists 
coold be the answer. 

N»mae, noi to be confused vrilh 
tunc n. a nearby watering hede shamdes^ 
attenmring to cash in on a Hcing Kjobg insti- 
tuticn^s good imme, is rdentles^ domnnar- 
ket and r^tivdy dean fun. 

Mai^ Of Hoi^ Kong iriand’s more nota- 
ble restaurant. bars aim dobs duster in Lan 
Kwai Fong, a small bat saititizsd m^itlife 
dietto creqiing iqi.toe hiU fnnnlhe central 


from ffsy Jms to bade beer pBito^ 


dsmeing most nights of the. wedc. : . 

Four and five-star hotels, thonseives an 
endaugeted qxecies as qiii^tng real estam 
prices, make their conversioa into office 
apace a real optical for ownei^ also offer an 
- airay of bais and ^fiscos, heavy oil the gfitz. 

Hold hotqiots run a gamut, encoaqwsrittg 
placK where one's grandparents mi^t eogoy 
stolMsg a quiet shoiy to xteaiy mghtdnbs 
where patnos keep cognac bbtties 00 £splay. 

For doset cioociezs; karaoke bats abound, 
paiticnlafb>^ across lie harbor in Kowfooo, 
wfaidi has a bustling nighllife of its own, Bm 
those widi 1^ h^ies for rinqtie; towrent 
entertamment wiH inevitaNy find themselves 
drawn toward the Wanebri district and places 
like the N^nm^ whose eotranoe sriurway is 
foimd along Loddnrt Road, an often Imy 
mempiy for countless thousands of saflois 
wb(Zw4ockB^mHo^Koog ovd CE» years. 

Wedged annd home-deowatii^ shops, 
restaurants and bars where bored dancers 
keq> most of tiieir dotbes on,'Nq>taoe is a 
constant in a towm ruled by change. 

Tim band is alnmst alw^ FSqtinc^ pli^ 
ing a itiwhipg-di of songs once favorites m 
various oODMxs of tiie wodd. Recent decor 
alterations go not mudi furtiier than the post- 
ing of Gum Chewing rigns rfiang - 
ing of a few colored ligto^mlbs. 

Neptune sticks to the basics — one bar, a 
small dance floor and booths stretching into 
the loWHDoIiaged, dark reaches of the cinb; 
big muric ^x^keis and usually cold beer 

It's loud, smdey and dimly lit. Lighting 
fixtures spin dangeiou^ low over the dance 
floor and under no czrcomstances will the 
tidy Chinese gentleman seated behind 
the bar stop ooimting mon^ to mix a drink. 

But the Neptune, one of the rare places in 
Hong Kong to go to dance; drink too much 
and stay up too late, is a gmuine dive to 

time before Hong Kb^^eca^ too 

Ntptune: no cover, 30 Bong &mg dollars 
(about $3.85) for a bottle of beer. Teb 527- 






To United States 

First, buriness-dass and full-economy passengers to New York and 
Los Angeles qualify for reduced rates at each city's Inter- 
Continental Hotel. Rate for New York Is S169 per night and Los 
Angeles S125 per nigftL Until March 31. Buslnesi<tiass passengers 
to Los Arigries, New York and Washington will be upgraded to first 
dass for the U^ir portion of toeir journey which n^ not be on 
the same day as the ANA flight 


San Francisco 

Suites for 599 a night with a botiie of Caitfomia champagne, choco- 
lates and continental breakfast Valid through February. 


United States to France 

30-percent reduction on APEX fares for anyone over 60 (to comme- 
morate 50th anniversary of D-Day) available from 17 U.S. gate- 
ways. Same discount for a companion of any age. For travei untri 
Dec. 31. 



Savings of up to 55 percent off the rack rate at more than 100 
hotels. From May 7 to 31 . 


United States 

Hilton HHonors members earn both double points (toward free 
nights) and double miles (toward free flights) tor quaiifinr^ stays al 
partic^ting hotels. Until March 31. 


40 peremt off published room rates at 36 hotels and resorts in 
Aria/Padfic region. Until Feb. 28. 



Discounted rates of up to 50 percent at many properties in the 
"Heart of the Ci^ promotion. Until March 31 . 


New York 

Grand Celebration padrage tor $335 per night indudes a welcome 
gift, continental breakfast for two, unlimited use of fitness center and 
a tour-course dinner for two. Until March 31 . 


London to Bruss^ 

Skypass provides untimited business-dass travel for one month for 
£799 between Heathrow and Bmssels/Antwerp plus London Cify to 



Members of EuroBonus frequent flier program based in Germany 
and Netherlands can claim a two-for-one when redeeming bonus 
potots. Until Ma^ 20. 


Beipng to Copenhagen 

Business-class passengers get first night free and subsequent 
nights up to 60 percent off rack rate at SAS hotels in Copenhagen. 


United States to Europe 

Buy a full-fare ticket and upgrade to the next class. Ask for 
European Upgrade Offer. 


Paris to United States 

Mileage Phis members earn double mileage from Paris to Oiicago, 
Washington, Los Angeles and San Francisco. Until Mardi 31 . 


Britain to United States 

Mileage Rus members earn double mileage on all trans-Atlantic 
flights. Until March 31. Extra bonus of 5,0(X) miles for flying an UA 
901 at 8:30 AM. from Heathrow to JFK. Until June 14. 


London to New YorkMiami 

Rouxl-trip economy fare tor £229 for travel begnning before Feb. 
28 and completed by Mardi 31 . 


London to Hong Kong 

First-time business class passengers booking round-trip earn 
60,000 miles in frequent flier program, which entities them to a free 
round-trto economy ticket to Hong Kong, or 14J to six rourxHrips to 
continental Europe with a partner aiitine. 

AUM19I1 ihs tf/ToiiWU^ cfMCto Swm 009 % ptoM 1» taawwwd irw som amW og«no may ba (raiw9 (X them, er iraMe 10 book tfwi 

Keith Haring whose works are on show in ^olk Ttofy, 



Kunsthiatoflschea Museun^tri: ^ 
177, ctosed Mondays. To May » 
“isabeita d'Esie: La Mma Donna.del 
Monda” The Renaissance prlnc^ 
seur of art, employed such artiste as 

Leonardo, Pietro Perugino and Cor- 
reoaio. and acquired ihe woiws . 

such as Michelangelo. On 
shm are printings, antkjje cameos 
and bronze steti^es as w w as ce- 
ramics. tir awngs. cotes and medab. 


Ecflnbiatfi - . . 

Royal Museum of Scgtfand,^tg 
(Jf) 225-^34, open cWly. To ^ 
n: ^The Birth of Democracy. 

cowries from arehaeoiMjew ex^ 

vaBons of the Agora 

exhibHkxi cxvrtrins ctw^ ctece^d 

sydra used in Pericles s time to Bmn 

the speaMng time of lecturers. 

Kalfontf Grileiy. tet (71 ) 

352ft open riafiy. Conttwi 
April 10: "Claude; Tbe Poe|c 
sMoe." ^ printings and 50 draw- 
ings by Claucte Itorran, the 1 Tttvoen- 

^ French painter. *hoy 

landscapes provide an 

ting for inddents liwn myth, history 
and the Stole. 

Royal Academy of Arts,j^ (^1 

43^438, open daUv-^rittn^ 

Jno/To April 2; "The Unknown Mo» 
gSni." iSre than 40 0 
&ian artist Amedeo Mod^ ^t*^ 
1905 to 1924. Also CottOn^no 
/Sil 6: "in Pursuh of^ 

^in the Anciem Wori^^JJ^ 
tamacas irom the George Ortiz c^. 

teSon^cludmg Sumertejvc^^ 

Egyptian sculptures and Brew 

Wbrks from 1880 to 1926.*' Feetures 

wel as Japanese woodcuts which 
were an imixirtant source of insftira- 
lion tor Mcviat. 

FlUaiCE " 


Oentre Georges Pompidou, lei: 44- 
78-12-33, ctosed Tussd^ Coniln- 
ubmAo March 28: - La Datlon Vieira 
da 20 peintingB and dravrings, 
20 sketches on paper for the wi- 
dows of 8 chisGh in Rheims, and 5 
paintirigs by the artist’s huritend. Ar- 
ped-Brenes, were accepted by the 

bronzes, vases and jawriiy, as weH 
as'a seiedton of wdow from the eul- 
turae of Airies, the Americas and the 
Pacific Islands. 

Tate Grilery, Ml (71) .-887-3000. 
open drily. To M^8: “Pteasacc 
' Sculptor /Painter." The whibition 
teeturing 168 sculpturBS^ printings, 
drawings end oerantics, focuses on 
the rriafionsitip between Picasso's 
scidpture end peintinginoni the ewly 
works of the Oubist period to tiw. 
rnonuirnentel pieces of the 1950s and 
1960s. , 

Victoria and Albert Museum^ teh 
(71 ) 5B9>3371 . open daPy. Contin- 
uing/To April 10: "Fabergs: intowlaf 
Jewril er." • , •• 


MusSe d*Art Contempdraln. tel: 
(514) 847-S28, dosed MonM. 
To Apnl 24; "Robert Doisrieau: A mi- 
rcapeetive." A tifoute to the French 
prtoiogrepher. Inducting 250 photo- 
graphs taken between 1929 tfid 
1^ It Hhetrstas DoiGneau’s role as 
a witness to the liviog enkStions of 
the working arid fower-mUdla class- 
dSinRance. . 


Slatons Museum for Kunst tekSS- 
91 -21 -26; dosed Mond^ To ApiU 
.4: "Rictiard Mortwsen.'- 150 paint-. 
M as wan as drawto^ arid greddC' 
works Iw the Danish artist (1810- 
1993). The W0I16 cover the period 
frorri the &irreafom of toe I^Os to 
the Expresstoftism oTthe- war years 
and the alegait tibstradlon of the 


Loiiiriaria Museum'of Ulodem Art. 
tri: (42) 1837-19, open dB^. Con- 
tinujng/ToMardi 6. Oaude Monel: 

vne: Art et Arehltodure en B?- 
rope 1870-1883.’’ Printing draw- 
ings and photographs show how the 
European towns of today were 
planr^ perceived and Idealized by 
architecte and artiats. 

Centre National da la Photogra- 
phie. tel: 53.7ft12.32, doeed Tues- 
dsys. To May 9; "Brassat: Du Surree- 
iisme a I'Art Informel.’’ 160 
photographs dating from the 1930s 
to toe 1950s, inducting portrrite d 
artist friends such as Picasso, Ma- 
tisseand Midiaux, and photographs 
ofPar^ by d^ and by itigiti. 

MusiSe des Arts Dacorallto. tel: 42- 
.6032-14, ctosed Tuesd^ Contin- 
utng/To 30: "La rctorwo da 
OelfL’’ 200 tin-giazed earthenware 
pieces manufactured in toe Dutch 
of Drift in the 1 8th cerhjry. 
MusSe du Louvre, tel: 40-20-51-51, 
closed Tu esda ys. ContinuingAo 
April 18:. "Egrotomanla: L’Egypte 
date I'Art Oeddentri 1750-1930." 
Eg^ as a source of inspiration in ali 


Araerfta Haus Berfln, tat: (30) 211- 
07-59. To. March 18; “Lew4s Ballz: 
Rule.lMIhout Breepfion.’’ A retro- 
spective of toe work of toe American 
documentvist, including photo- 
grwta of tract houses at toe foot of 

near San Prandsco Bay and imW 
city parking tote. 

Hausder Kultiiren der WeR, tel: (3) 
97-87-0, dosed Mondays. “(Ne Gar- 
trii des idam.’’ The garden a met- 
aphor for paradtee In isiamto carpets, 
textiles; ntirtietures and woodcaiv* 
ings, frorn Indoneria to Atoca. 

StaMsoper Unter den Unden, teb 
(30) 20334^^ OmaFosa’B "li 
Matrfmonfo Snnato.'' Ofracted by 
Henning . Brodtoeis. conducted by 
Asher Pisc^. with Gerd WoK, Efral 
Ben-Nun and LauraMIdn. Merdi 1, 
7. 8.12 end April 6, 7, 14. 15 and 24. 

ff fff OfllW 

0^derStadtKbtn,tet: (221) 221- 
8221. Verdi’s ‘'Rigdatb.'’ Directed 
by August S«ro?ng. conducted by 
MchelliM Veftft wRh EBre warn 
Schiite, Leontina Vfoduva and Fran- 
co Fertoa. Mareh 2. 


Scfiifh Kunsthaffe, tec (068) 29-88- 
82-0, open d^. To Apr! 17^ "'(fold- 
halm. SdMmt und Stfoerschatze.’.’ 
Gctid hefmete, swords Sid silver trea- 
sures r^xas^ 6,0(to years of Ro- 

mania’s artistic heritage. These treer 
sures, dritng from 5.CI00 B. C. to 600 
A D., have never before been seen 
outside of Romania. 


Kunsthaffe Der HypcvKulturstf^ 
tung, tel: (89) 22-44-12, Open daly. 
To^l 24: "Bonnard." 140 oH print- 
ing a screen aid seven ecufptures. 
Indudee Interior scenes, views from 
his house in Le Cfonel in southern 
Prance, stM tftes, nutfes and land- 
seapes tw the French Nabi printer 

Bayertache Staateoper, tei: (89) 
22-13-16. Wagner’S "Der FUegerxle 
Hollander.’' Directed by Henning von 
Gierke, conducted by Heinz Fricke, 
with Jukko Ryhanen/Matti Salmin- 
en/Jan-HenemRootering, Julia Var- 
ady/Luana DaVoi. Ktercto S, 6, 12, 
1ft June 9, 12 and 17. 



Mueeo (rArte (fontemporarwe, tel: 
(11) 958-7256, cloeed Mondays. To 
A^ 30: “Krito Haring." 150 p^- 
.fogs, drawings, sculptiffes and ob- 
Jeds by the American artist who died 
In 1990 at age 31 . The exhibttton will 

travel to Maimo. Sweden. Hantourg 
and Tei Aviv. 


Chiesa San Bwloloineo, open daily. 
(fontimiing/To May 1 : "U Tintoretto: 
Ftepprezaitezioni ^cre neile Chiese 
Veneztene." 15 reBgious pictures in- 
cludng "The Christening" and "The 
Last Supper" from the churchee of 
San Polo and San Silvestio. 

Mueeo Correr. tel: (41 ) 52-06-288. 
Continuing/To A^il 4: "Pietro 
Longhi.” 50 pakifings, 35 drawings 
and 14 prints by the I8lh-centuiy 
Vertetian painter famous for his ironA 
cai des cri ption of Venetian Me and 



Idemitsu Museum of Arte, tei: (3) 
3213-9404, cloeed Mondms. To 
March 27: 'Ink Painfintt in the ISth 
and 16th Centuries." Printings on 
folding screens and on paper, as well 
as works by Tohaku Hasegawa and 
'/usho Kafhoku. 

National Museum of Western Art, 
tri; (3) 3828-5131 , ctosed Mondays. 
ContinuIngAo April 3: "Great 
French Pair tti n gs from the Barnes 

CoileeUoa" Pictures selected from 
toe collection of Dr. Alben C. Barnes 
in Phtiadelphia. 

Tokyo Station (follery, tei; (3) 
3212-2485, closed Mondays. Con- 
tlnuing/To April 3: "Rorentine R^ 
naissance Drawinjto from Christ 
Church. Oxford." 100 drawings in- 
ciuding works by Leonardo, Michel- 
angeto and Raphael. 



Teatro National de Sao Carlo, fri; 
3483408. BriBrti’s "I Capuleti e I 
Monteochi." Conducted by Maurlzlo 
Benin, with Michie Nakamaru, Jenni- 
fer Larmor and Jose Bros. March 13. , 
15, 17 and 19. ' 

SL PMarefaurg 

Hermitage, tel; (812) 311-3420. To 
April 17: "Morozov and Shtiiuidn, 
Ffossian Coilacfors: From Monet to 
Picasso.'’ The collection of toe tum- 
ol-the-century art patrons Includes 
120 masterpieces, among them toe 
13 paintirra of "The Stoiy of Psy- 
che" by Miutice Denis. 

Rate the world's best restaurants 
with Patrida Wells. 

The IHT's lestauiant critic has set out 

She will be rating, in month-to-month 
articles, the top restaurants from region to 
region, and comparing them to one another. 

Whether it's the best in dim sum, 
delicious but secret sushi bars or the finest of 
french tables, she will guide readers with 
arddes about ine^)ensive restaurants as well 
as the grand ones in the world's major ddes. 

She wul also diare hex tips on how to select 

(juality restauiants in unfamtliar territory. 

Don*t miss this series. 



Empress Race Museum, tef; 336- 
73-33, open daily. Continuing/To 
July 1994; "War and Ritual: Trea- 
sures of toe Warnng States." An ex- 
hibition of Chinese bronze culture 
from the Warring States period (475- 
221 B.C.). 



Fundacibn Juan March, tel: 435-42- 
40, open daily. Confinuing/To 
March 20: "Go^, Grabador." 288 
(foya etchings, including "Loe Oe- 
sastres de la Guerra," about the hor- 

rors o1 the Napoieoruc invasion, and 

New York 

Melropolitan Museum of Art, tel; 
(212) 570-3951, Closed Mondays. 
Contrnuing/To April 3: "Degas 
Landscapes." 61 p^tels, monoiy^ 
and oil printings by Degas, m^ 
inspired by his journ^ throu^ 
gundy in 1890. 

Metropolitan Opera, tel: (212) 
3626000. Poulenc's "Dialogues of 
the Carmelitee." Conducted tN Ken 
Nagano with Dawn Upehaw. Teresa 
Stratas, Heidi Grant Murphy. 

^’11 ' 

b^ance ^the New Otani 

iravTlIas' demands BiwwrchBd’s pby. 

^ bisiness traitilH. you’d wan tasi- access u> the 
eilsolct. an eflbku buetoess Caere and fidfy^«i{uipped 

Onthe.oduTharid, as a Idm itavdkr. you'd be as)di% about the 
s w i w MtagpoaL the fitness caure. dw>pt^ and tourist harms ... 

' ' Come to Hoed New Otani and we’ll raea^dieseikniands and more, 
jusi so 3UU won't be thrown olT-balaiice. 

Pstricaa Wells is the author of The Food 
plover’s Guide to Paris, now in its 
thM edition. 

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SUPERB Panoramic view. 
Rwaooo. VI Tet oa M « 79 79 

Top for of PmsMS nUng 
360" VIEW on » & MOUNTAK 

280 BJO- ^ terreciL go» & B^Mg 
FdSooa Td: Ull)7 54 91 87 

kr^ grovel new Ainenw Wntf 
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h nd ioiBe, K how Todw WRot 
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mcM. RiSMEon. SHnen finw Td 
(33)6296077.701(39 42 384026 



BUmONAL Mi Epnm lOn 
4 ra ML fpoci, ««ry in 

areoak tdlh eooLn viML 00 X 0 In 
& Jem Cep foitn 

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fot 33-93 76 12 19 

RMm flat, 46 -I- leg^ win 


(ST. MOPrrZ - (Switzerland 


Foreigners can buy. 

Please contact us soon, as only a few remain available. 


Via Montani 2, Merano, Italy, 

Mr. Pichler 

Tel.: (+39) 473232810. Fax: (+39) 473233617 . 

m — — * 


fgnisstic iiew 2-bed-dupIex- 
apn^enb 107 id 2 and 2 bakonies 
15 Ad, garage, done to oBitar 
and sld-ufo inaeidSfietit view. 

At one hour ficom Ceneva Aiiporb 


. Cantati miner 

M. Mariotd in Geneva, 
^ Fax: 4L22.733.14.69 4 

■ Nv Sris - VoUi tMbwtaU) - 


i 1,500 in, sunny, oufaL wHh view on 

the Alps, swimming pool, sauna, 
next to 94K)le goH course. 


M moms; Asm SR 390,000.-. 

: Fax: 41-27-4168 41 0 ^ 


MeribeL at the heart of 3 Vallees 

efe ^ 

liocuiy apartments for sale at the foot die ski^^lopes 

A protededemiioniiient. comfort and calm m die laigedskiabl^ 

/N. F(om70to200(D^ 


. ^dssemoe.bWutih^ equipped- Duplex av^ 

iedU^ ia file adjaee^..H 6 td i'ATnwS&S **** 


CE d’astobc -750(MfP5iRis Tel ; (33-1) 42 66 5? 77 



Luxury new oiDartment in a moontflcent cholGt 
of 3 apartments only 

Cdt + 41 -29 / 4 92 73 - Fax: + 4) -29 / 4 92 75 


Looking for 
property ki 

SWISS REAL ESTHfl SwUttiland? 


Ten mtoutss from Wars this charming 
chaM 3 bedmqm 2 balh. Opan^^ 
LM of dem Oiw dew MM e IB 

and Rhone Vdey. Great jol ^ t^ 
sonw mofortshg. Ideal for w oM 
vacation home, large garden. ,^ge. 
oners Mted to la^ of Sr SDOODO. 

aBOii >eied* yr |in dWi _, 
sawitfM we ntipiMi w iw iyM 

IU;4t7ttVLSeJr • ta4t»nUU> 


NYCity Off Park Avenue 

Marble dtning luum. sanJen consem- 
nwv, Frank Lknif Whpht kuchen, 
duuble perlon and a luveh' garden 
provide exceUeni entenaining and 
Cainih' space. 4 bedtuinnh 512 baths 
plus a duplex Roor-duu snidlu ■•nih 2C 
fi)o( »indo«‘ 8 . douUe terraces aral tiiQ 
■i TMiifu-:. S14.CCC per munih. Exclu- 

(212) 439-4545 
fax: 1212) 986-0192 


9G0 ttRlsan AnnM Nn> Wrt. N.V. 10021 



40 bedrooms - Restaurant 






Vary Daaliabie Smet PoH LocaBoB, 
1.91 acne vd Op ac tocifo Smeti 3 
Fabidoui Vlawe, 4 BR, 3 112 Bahi. 

cikLL(6 1 7) 357-6464 


pOBrame no dwr, pod, lain avL 
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> 0 W«BG-SRMM£ 

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on Page 8 


Attention viators 
from the U.S. ! 

if you enjoy reodng Ihe IHT 

when you travel, why not 
dso gd it Qt home ? 
Some<lay ddvery omaloble 

in ley US. dties. 

Cdl g )800 88^:^ 

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6?8 0 

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Kds DEIBBUTORS fa ravdhiliaRn 
fcfol for NOwcA MateinB. For 
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Mmgs patnar foe -i- 4B22 2700 7& 


Phone Calls 

Naw yea eon cd Em 
UE. 99 IBM m ondi «|rlaN 
Ekbi US. oripa^m roha 
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tOdn and wated meMoh 


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Tek 1/20fr-2a^4ti00 


Fax: 1/206-282-4666 

BM Manby, Dbader, Sanrofai 
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tEAlWeS tm COMPANT ha fwah 
ff^rirlt! fa toapaon nr^eds and 
drrdepwia. Far Furmer deidb 
eataod! Xbhier ImeKiJeiai Sole 401, 
Lendnni Hm. 303 Sagw* Siraet, 
lendiM W18 SALfaehar enqirw 

SaeOfa Wn. 9T19 USA 

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HONGKONG: Z/FMd^Bick^GipiwriwC 
SINGAPORE: 138 Ced^ 5 M^* 02 CRdC^j(^Sraaparem^lSLr 
TOKYO: IF.MaiBidiiNBy i pcBM^ 

Tdnc J33673. WcW'3) 3201-020?. ^ 

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U.S. Trade Fight Has Japan Turning Toward Asia 

THETRIB INDEX; 1 16 80 ^ 

^ compels 

By Kevin Murphy 

huenarioHai HtnU Tribmg 

HOSG KONG —Japan win accelerate iu scant 
.for- new markets and low marntfactaring costs 
tluo^bout Asia if mde frieiiaii mth United 
States escalates and tbe yen cofitzanes to soengtbez:, 
analysts said Thursday. 

“The more acrimony there is be tw een the U.S. and 
Ja^an, tbe more we dunk Japan will turn lotrard 
A^” said Enzio vtm Ff^ chief r^jonal econraiist 
at S.G. Warhu^ Securities in Kong. 

While coQstries sndi as Taiwan stm to gain if 
fhnher-tqieDS its those countries are braoiu 

for loogher trade negotiations of dieir own with a U.& 

giWMfnmgnt Ari«en 1iy Jnini-^ demanda. 

the same 3k^ in trade idaticas trith J^an is 
qqdied to other emintries, Uiere is a fear the dimtes 
co^ beoome qnite ariiitiw> " said Snd Kapur, 
dnef ecoDOo^ wiU) Peregenm Brokenge Ua in Hong 

Kong. '‘Other countries will be asking, ‘Who's next?* ” 

Washington’s brinksnunship witfi" Tokyo and the 
ensuing suige of the yec against dollar that underpins 
most other Asian currency values has wide-reaching 
consequences for regionai invesimeni and trade 

In the short term, analysts said Washington's efforts 
to esmaod market access lo Japan would «««»" highw 
costsicr Aaan oouniries leliani on Japfirey impnrt< jf 
ametny qieculators contimie to puy h the yen to loftv 
lewis that economic fundamentals do not suppnt. 

• jqsan accounted for 49 percent of Hong Kong^s 
retained inq)ons in 1992. CorreaxHiding figures for 
China were 33 percent; Malaysia, w pocenu Thaitai^ 
29 pement: Taiwan, 28 petont: Siq^xite; 27 percent 
and South Korea, Z3 peiceaL 

“We haven't seen much substitution of American and 
Emopean goods for J^ianese o^xvts in Asia based on 
price," Mr. Kapur said. Traditic^ relations, lower 

transport costs and govemmeni aid are important fac- 
tors in Jwan’s favor." 

Several .Aaan countries also ha«‘e substantial yen- 
denominated govonment debts, with Indoneria, 'Ma- 
laysia and China poicmially facing higfaer repayments 
b^use of tbe currency m/moi] that has acoornpanied 
Washington's hard-line challenge to Japan. 

But one advantage of a strong yen for Asian export- 
ers could be additional orders from Japan, utere the 
recession has caused consumers to opt for value o\'er 
the presti^ of domestic brands. 

Countries such u South Korea — Japan's closest 
competitor in the high-tedi manufacturing and value- 
addra consumer goods arena — al» stand to win 
extra orders from North America and Birope. 

China also could benefit from an unstable ven- 
doUar environment, Mr. Yon Pfeil said. 

But continued currency volatility and a strong yen 
threatens to undercut economic recovery in Japan and 

weaken its role as a driving force in Asian eoooomic 

‘‘Japan's abib'ty to impon Ariaii products ai^ ex- 
pand its direct investments in Asian economies is 
undermined at the levels tbe yen has now reached," 
said Mineko Sasaki-South, an economisl with Morgan 
Stanley & Co. in Tol^'o. 

While japan remains a m^or source of new foods 
for devdcping econonues in t*hina and Indonesia and 
for stock markets throughout the region, currency 
voiaiiUty threatens to slow the fixed investment flows, 
it also could prompt r^atriation of money committed 
to dollar-iink^ securities. 

**A < 7 hnMiieaUy debilitated Jq>an is more of a liability 
than an asset to the rest of Aria." said Mircn Musbkax, 
Lehmm Brothers' diief Asian ecoDontisL ‘‘A strong yen 
a«isw J^ian in investing further in Asa, but not 



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Caoie: 15428 Pnv^lSSA 



1994 1999 

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o ammwttafMi Hsald TrOMie 

: WXa:jCTB«Ef 

Emei^iiig Markete^^F^^ 

The BandM^agoii Rolls On 

ByLe^Eatoa . ^ . 


N ew YORK. — Inriremotnal-faiidbarinesst^^ 

eveiy coomeny wants to lim aJimd diat mvastsin die 
often-qu^Sy jaatkcBin emccgmgmBiketi^^ or 

ut hat used, to be' rmOed less-deyelap^ coonriies.” Ao- 
to Upper An^yticai Sesvi^ the number of emeighig- 

madeets equity funds has grown 

to 40. ^ just a ^,* 0 . fnien maritelB 
and more are in the.oning. 

Bui the combinariai <n over- phnnilieL lUvefiAWS 
cxdted investots and inesipea- * 
enced managers is wonyring nu^ fioa It tiara tO 
some old-timers in the emerg- , « • - 

mg-madeets gaxue. A big con- P a H amu. 

cem: fond investofs can get out r: 

at any rime, but the funds themselves ca nnoL 

— Brazil has 

juimed mme than 6fi pescait hi the fast six weeks many of last 
yefs success stories Imve tumbled, indiiding Hong Kon^ winch is 

down 3 percent after doabBas last year. Turkey, Ibafland and 
Mairaia have suffered double-dtgit losses. 

. Wben such marirgm phnumet, i nvestoia may find it ntffd to bau 
out of their emexging-mazkets funds at an aocqnable pzioe — mid 

win conre a day v^iea everybq^s heading the edts at 

the time^ and there won’t bean exit,” said Made Mobins, one 

the founders of «w«fg p» g- TnariMts investing and a fund m a n a ger 
for the FranMin/Tfatyteton group. ■/ 

He is baznstonning tbe oountiy right now, pre aching uxnii me 
mm» facnizon he thinks investors nm^have: five ye^ 
Until rece ntly, impatient investors did not find their, way mto 
vaa&iets. Most such investing oecuBred throng private 

partiSSips OT ctosed-eod mutual fun<» . .. • 

^ut as some long obscure stock maikets he^ iq> m 19W — 
Tlskey zoomed over 200 percent. Malaysia 14S pereent and the 

See FUNDS, Page 13 

IHieD maricelB 
plomraiet, iimifdm 

Says U.S. 

Ceirpikd by Oir Stiff Bom Dapadia 

PAIUS — Aubus Ltdostrie ac- 
cused the United States on Unm- 
day of vkdaimg provisions of the 
Gaeral Agreement on Ihriffs and 
Trade in securing a S6 bfflkm air- 
enft order from Saudi Aralna. 

A ^xiteaian for Ahhus, the Eu- 
ropean dvit«icnfl ooosottinm that 
was oftwyering f(n- tte order, so- 
tant political intedereace and levei^ 
ag^ m obtahniig tbe bosaness. ■ 

“We find it very strange that this 
order was announced at fail^iest 

pcJitical leveis in tbe U.S. wfafle we 
nave yet to receive any lopoose on 
o nf ptop<^” the y otoman s ai d . 

Saodi Arabia, at a White House 
news oooference, said Wednes^ 
it would buy SO commerciiil jets 
from Boeing Co. and McDoo^ 
Douglas Carp, to replace aging 
plaiies in the fleet of Saudia. the 
itiogdom’s offiaal airizoe. 

Indnsby analysts said a recent 
^ e cm cai by the United States on 
lescmctDong 59.2 tnUkm of Sazidi 
defense ddn was a key to wmmng 
the oommenaal aircr^ order fgr- 
VS. compand 

:1i that is .thK; ca^ tbe United 
weiated Artide 
JW^of-^GATTcod!^ me Airiws 
^pclcesman said. That artide bans 
inducanents relaiing to ^defcaise 
and natkaml soonity pdteaes and 

Aiibns, a consortium of compa- 
nies from Britain, Ftanoe, Cjernza- 
ny and ^lam, noted tbalMi. 
ton said in August that be had 
leiepboned King Fahd of Saudi 
Azaina in ssppoct of the U..S. offer. 

But -Franck where Airbus is 
bleed, aim lobbied heavily for 
deab in Saudi Arabia. Prime Min- 
ister Edouard BaDadur viated the 
kmgdmri last month in a bid to 
. inqirove idations. 

Sau£ Aratua later placed a 9 
. bOlioa franc ^ InlHon) order with 
Frendi emnpimies to modernize 
. anti-airctaft tnia^ eas , frigate and 

Sazidi Arabia has invited the 
.U2L manufactureis for detailed 
talks on March 20. 

Dmlomats have «»»d the talks 

would OSBter on the 
- 'Vdndi in tom would detennine how 
the order would be split between 

' Bftwng *»»i Mci pftfiTMW Douglas. 

Aiihas.srid its offer for airaaft 
was stiHopen and b*>«t been exteod- 
ed until Match I at Sandia% reqoesL 

■ V.S.-Gennaa Air Talks 

hfegotiatioBS b et w een tiie Unit- 
ed St^ and Gennaiqr on rir finks 
b aw ee a the two countzies ended 
after ifiirBe wedts of talks foiled to 
reach agreement, Agence Franoe- 
. Rresseieported horn Wadungton. 

Bnt the talks aided on fimodly 
tenns and the German rquesenta- 
tiveis renewing a proposal, a U.S. 
oSidd add Iraizsd^. No date was 
set for a fordier rouM of talks. 

O^Reilly^s Next Big Play 

Analysts Question U.K. Newspaper Bid 

By Erik Ipsen 

httenuatmal Herid Tribune 

LONDON — Even for Tony OReiDy, tbe last 
month has been extiaoniimuily busy. dashing 
..ex-nig^ star, diribnan and duef executive (rfRJ. 
. ' Hdnz uo, a^ diairman of lidaod*5 la»» news- 
paper coaqnny has been jetting around 3 k gfobe. 

In South Africa last weoL fre& olT the plane from 
Jqjan and Austia^ be was on ha^ f or ceiemanks 
! malting lusacquistion of 31 percent (tf that couQ- 
I ttfs lajgesi new^uper company, while in Britain 
I his aides were igip^ tbe ante in the ^oit to take 
contid of thepubiisba of the leqKcted newqiqwrs 
I The IsdqKndem and The Ind^^ent on Sunday. 

I fo a dari^ move^ they snapped up 249 pereent of 
its shares, pa^ng a lap price in the open mariuL 

Such pofocmances once drew ga^ of admiia- 
tion, but nm this time. In Britain, axialysts instead 
wtHidered vdiy Mr. OTteilly wanted any part of The 
Indqiendent’s umrofitaUe parent emnpany, News- 
p^ier Publishing ?IC. For anyone witbou a stroog 
lo^ base, the newspaper "is noore a vdncle for sdf- 
promotum than fa- maldng aoDey" one London 
analyst said 

In America, the reaction was even harsher. "You 
to tUDe^^^mz,” said 

with Donald^ bifkin & Jenrette Securities Co^ 
inNew Yoik. 

Hfteen years after Tcxiy OfRdDy took over at 
Hemz and turned the slo^ Pittsbini^based food 
group into an international force, the tide has 
turned, (tece landwl as a si^b mnnag pr and paid 
accordingly — in 1991 Hs salary, bonus and sto^ 
options at Hem? netted him $73 millioo —he has 
seen the company stumble in recent years, wearing 
thm his once%Q^Mi reputation. 

In one of the kinder assessments of today’s Tony 
OTleilW, aTmdcntid Securities Inc analyst in New 
Yodc. rohn .McMiDin. said, "I think he is not as 
r^gpod as^n^xyooe said Ik was m the .I98Qs arid 1 ^ 

. h^ as «myorie says be is in the 1 990s^^ 

. . MaiQr on ''Wan Street trace the prbUems vrith 
Hdnz and with Mr. 0*Rei]]y back at least tlzree 
years. Then, as with a number of other food cconpa- 
nies, Hdmfs coosisteat record of earnings growth 
cdfided with stagnant markets. 

Unlike bis peers, however, Mr. O'Reilly contin- 
ued to promise blister lomoreo w s. To "lafce niai- 
leis wcase, they sin, he defivered on that promise by 
sd^ assets and engaging in tax ueatmeats or 
eanimgs that many R^rd as aggressive (0 tbe pnni 
of questionable. 

has used more tax credits than I knew even 
existed,'’ Afr. McfcClfin said. 

In an interview, Mr. O^Reifiy acknowledged what 
he called tbe “coatizri'ti^ created by his account- 
ing but he said sinqiiy tfaiat it was the respoosibifity 

of any good chief executive to uke tax credits 
‘^vfaere you can get them." 

&ill F^aided as a briHiam raconteur and a 
speedunaker without equal in corpevate America, 
analysts say tbe Irisb-bom Mr. O^KefOy may hare 
been a rictim of his oVi’D oanaderatde acfawveasents. 
"He kq>t expectations too hi^" Mr. Leach said. 
"He k^t praending that Heinz was doing better 
than it was." 

Mr. O'Reilly rqected that accusatioiL Only "fi- 
nandal iUiteraies," be said, could fail to see in 
Heinz’s adminedly oon^Iex set of accounts what its 
actual operating emerieoce has been in difficult 
markets. He also faciU}F denied that his outride inter- 
ests had proved too distracting 

*My awnmitingiu managenaH y ^KaktOg iS 102 

percent to HJ. Heinz," he insisted, pointing out that 
his status as Heinz’s largest shar^der places Us 

Ton get the feeling that he 
is only spending 25 percent of 
his time at Heinz.* 

Wmiam Leach, analyst. Donaldson. 
Luflin & Jenrette. 

own iiuerests sohdly m Hue with those tbe compa- 

If Mr. CReflly has been a victim of his own 
Optmustic forecasts at Heinz, that pattern can also 
M seen to some of his other busmess imerests. 

In tbe early 1970s, Mr. CReOly set up in Dublin a 
company caUed HtzwQtcm PLC By tbe mid-198Ds, 
with investors such as John Khigc. then (be richest 
man in America, the oil heiress Ann Gei^ and 
Saodi businessman SuUman CHayan, Mr. O’Rrifiy 
was bflhng FilzwfltOQ as a future Kohlbcrg, Kravis. 
Roberts & Co. of Enrope. Like that American 
pioneer in leven^ed bu^iuts, Mr. O'RetUly said be 
envisioned Htzwiiton domg ‘TriUion-donar’' deals. 

It didn’t work out that way. "Tbe oottqiaoy lost its 
way ” said Kyran McLaughlm, a director at Fitzw3- 
tmi’s Dublin-based brokerage uniL Davies Stodc- 
brtrirers. In the late 1980s. with huge debts and no 
pr^L HtzwQton was forced to ^ many ot its 

Today, under the management of Kevin 
McGoran, a former school dnna of Mr. O’Reilly’s, 
Fitz^un is on tbe me^ It owns 14.S peioau oS 
Walerfo^ Wedgwood PLC of whidi Mr. O'RdDy 
is dtainnan, plus a large Irish food retailer. Once 
^ain, the is of great deals to come. *T think it is 


U.S. Trade Gap 
Widens 37% 

As Imports Soar 

Cun^kd hr Our Su0 Fran Di^idus 

trade deficit grew 37 percent last 
year, to S11S.78 billion, and the 
deficit with Japan widmed to a 
record S59.80 billion, the Com- 
merce Dqianmem said Thursday. 

Tbe trade gap widened from the 
1992 figure of S84J0 billimi as 
both exports and imports set re- 
cords, but imports grew twice as 
fast as exports. 

The dtfidi with Japan widened 
24 percent from 1992, passing tbe 
pirvioos record of $56.30 bifilon. 
set in 1987. 

For December alone, the trade 
gap narrowed to S7.41 billion from 
a revised November figure of $9.68 
bOlion, reflecting a ji^ in U.S. 
shipments of dvuiao rircraft and a 
decline in America’s 1^ for im- 
poned oil 

In other economic news Thurs- 
iny, the Labor Dqiaitment rqxirt- 
ed that inflation turned in an unex- 
pectedly good performance In 
January, with the consumer |moe 
index staving flat for the first time 
in more than four years. 

Excluding food and energy, the 
socaOed core index was up 0.1 per- 
cenL its smallesi increase since an 
idmticaJ rise in Sqitiember. 

Many analysis had expected 
about a OJ percent advance m Jan- 
uary, fueled in part IiO' a cold wisier 
and tbe demand for ozergy. But 
energy costs dropped 0.8 percent, 
CQotinmns their decline over mori 
(rf 1993. Tood prices also were 
down, their first decline since June. 

The Labor Department said the 
last time its consumer price index 
was wirhnngeH from the previous 
month was in August 1989. 

A third report showed that the 
number of Americans filing first- 
time claims for unemployment 
benefits had risen by 5,000 last 
week to 371.000, the highest since 
Jan. 29. 

The U.S. government has been 
pressing Japan to buy more Ameri- 
can products to uy to close tbe 
trade gap. Although talks aimed at 
lowering Japan's import barriers 
coDapsed last week, Tokyo an- 
nounced Thursday it was putting 
(ogeito a pai±age of market-open- 
ing measures in hopes of averting a 
irade war with tbe United States. 

Tbe While House pr^ secre- 
taiy. Dee Dee Myers, said, "It re- 
mains critical to us that we cmen 
Japanese markets.” She adaed, 
“It’s hard to explain continually 
why the trade deficit with Japan 
remains hi^ year after year.” 

But private economists said that 
e\>en if the United Stales were to 
remove aD Japan's trade barriers, 
its trade deficit would still widen 
for at least two more years because 
of the worldwide imbalance in eco- 
ntxnic p^onnance. 

With the U.S. econoiny Rowing 
more ramdly than those of its ma- 
jor tramng partners, Americans' 
appH^te for imported goods wfll 
continue to be bigger thw the de- 
mand for U.S. products abroad. 

After Japan, Ouna ran the largest 
nade surphis with the United States, 
at SZ2.77 bSJion. also a nsconl 

The United States had a trade 
defidi of $280.1 million with West- 
ern Eurc^. after showing a suqdos 
of $6.4 inniioD in 1992. 

Tbe only m^or region where the 
United Slates posted a trade sur- 
plus was Central and South Ameri- 
ca, at $5^ n^on. It also had 
surpluses of SlS5i> million in trade 
with Mexico $829.7 million 
with Ouiada. 

America pad $50.18 billion for 
irsported ml to 1993, a decrease of 
0.7 pezeent from the year before 
t^t was due only to lower prices: 
the quantiQr of petroleum inqxined 
rose 10.4 pereeoL (AJ*. AFP) 

Volvo and Renault Decide to Go Separate Ways 

By Jacques Neher 

luimu u latat fteraU Triune 

PARIS — Two montiis after a 
shareholder revrdt forced Volvo AB 
to call off its {riaimed marriatt vrith 
Rwault SA, the Swedish and 
French ccanpanies said Tborsday 
tbeywoidd ttf e their eztgage- 

meot lii^ and be free to pursue 
th^ individual destiiues. 

Anal^ were surprised at tiw 
qieed w the dedsioo to unwind a 
complex cross-shardiolding agre^ 
ment ozq^oal^ put tograier in 
1990. They said it appeared to leave 
Volw in a favocable poation whfie 
dwaring obstacles ibm had threat- 
ened to block the privatizatitm of 
Renault planned for this year. 

Volvo’S shares rose 12 perccai 
Tbnraday in Stockholm, closing at 
692 kroaor (SM.05), 15. 

Tbe conyanies sam they had 
agreed to sur render their holdii^ 

in each other's car and track units 
bm would retain minoiior stakes in 
the parent companies. Analysts, 
however, s^d Volvo and Reiuuill 
would probably also liquidate 
those slakes as soon as possible. 

"Renault and Vcivo would s^ain 
have the necessary freedom of ac- 
tion to pursue tbw own coopera- 
tive ventures," Renault said Volvo 
shardioldeTs' otgections caused the 
two companies in Deceiriber to 
abaodcHi a plan lo merge tb^ car- 
maldng operations. 

Volvo’s diief executive, Soeren 
GylL said tbe accord would ^ 
Volvo "the freedom to plan and 
weak out our own future," addii^ 
that it now covid fuDy nse the posi- 
tive cash fi^ bong get^atra by 
Volvo’s car and trade units. 

Volvo, tbe French govemmem 
and Renault agreed to terminate 
their 1990 sharoiolders’ agreemem 

as well as thdr technical and indus- 
trial cooperation agreemeoL 

Coiam projects and cot^Kraure 
activities, such as jetiot purdiasing, 
will continue as will commercial 
cooperation Invdving marketing of 
passenga cars in cenaia mail^ 
Volvo said 

"Although the strati and fi- 
nandal Unb with Renaolt are end- 
ing 1 hope that, in ibe fotme, we 
^ be able u work together on a 
number of prqjects in various areas 
of common interest,” Mr. Gyll 
said "We hare great respect for 
Renault’s experience and compe- 
tence in our mdustiy." 

Tbe accord is to be carried out in 
two st^cs. Volvo first will ^ 
back its 45 percent stake in Renault 
V tM Frend concern’s truck di- 
virion, in return for Renault's 25 
pereent stake in Volvo Car Corp. 
No MBh would be wrhangari 

la the second step. Vdvo is to 
pay cash for Renault’s 45 percent 
of Volvo Truck Corp., with the ac- 
tual amount to depend on results of 
tbe privatizatioa of Renault. 

If the tran^tiOD is carried out 
at the lime of privatization and the 
privatization occurs before Nov. 
30, the amount would correspmid 
to the proceeds Volvo would pock- 
et by selling a 12 percent block of 
Renault shues on tbe open market. 
Volvo owns ^ percent of Renault. 

if Renault's privatization is nor 
carri^ out by Nov. 30, Volvo could 
buy the stock for 4.5 billion French 
francs ($766 mHlioD) between then 
and mid-1996. 

Analysts said the accord ap- 
peared to favor Volvo not by what 
It stated but by what it omitted in 
that it would lave Volvo holding 8 
percent of Renault, and Volvo 
would probably become tiie largest 

shardiolder in Renault after its pri- 

"Volvo has been left wdth a 
chunk of one of Dnope’s volume 
cannakers.” Edmund Chew, an 
automotive analyst at Nomura Re- 
search in London, said 

Analysts say the 8 percent block 
might be worth around 3 bfllian 

At tbe same time, Renault said 
the dismantling of the aniance 
would not affect its 3.45 percent 
stake in Volvo, which it said would 
“continue to be managed as an in- 
vestment in a listed company." 

But analysts predicted the shares 
would be sold soon. 

"Renault doesn't have shares in 
listed companies,” Jc^ Lawsmi, 
an automotive analyst at DRl/Mc- 
Graw HiR said "1 expect it to sell 
the stock in quite a short time, 
depending on stock prices." 


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Targeting Global Growth, Coke Lifts Spending 

BbenAwg BiaiiuB Nem 

ATLANTA -Coca-Cola Co. said Thursday 
that it would increase its quaiierly dividend 
IS peroeni and raise its capital spaiding this 
year by abou SO perooil fiom 1993, mamfy to 
expand hs intonNimial operations. 

Tbe worid’s largest maker of soft drinks 
rabed its quaneriy dividaid to 19.5 cents a 
share, or 78 cents on an annual basis, from 17 
cents. Coca-Cola shares rose 37J cents, to 
$41 .75. on tbe New York Stock Exchange. 

Coca-Cofe also said its capital ^lending bud- 
get for 1994 was S12 billioa, up from S800 
m^<n in 1993. 

Tbe dbideud increase will cost Coca-Cola 
about $1 bOfion, altbotigb it fails to bring tbe 
stock’s yieW above 2 percent a year, at tbe 
cuirent price: The dividend will be on 
April 1 to5faaztb<^deraofrecordoDM]ucb 15. 
C^-Cda said it has boosted its dividend for 
32 consecutive years. 

Almost threequanas of Coca-Otia’s^ 1994 
capital s pending budget or about S875 milliCTi, 
'is allocated to international operations. About 
S200 rndfioD iseannarfced for emogtng mari%ts 
in rhirta and Eastem Europe, inewding the 
C^ech RqniUic. Hunmry, Foiaod, Slovenia, 
Albsffiia, milgaria and Romania. 

Coke derives about two-thirds of its profit 
from its overseas operations. 

Ncnh American soft drink operations will 
absorb 21 pooem ctf the $1.2 billioa oatlay. 
with tbe remaining 6 percent allocated toCoca- 
Food's beverage business. 

"Our 1994 capital budget refiects our deier- 
stination to remvest aggresrively against the 
substantial soft-drink growth opportunities 
around tbe globe and to c^tafize on tbe foci 
that cur return on cajriial (tf 31 perceni is nearly 

three times greater than our weighted cost of 
capital of 1 1 capitaL” said Coca-Cola Chair- 
man Roberto Goizueia. 

Coca-Cola is aOocating a large chunk of its 
cafutal ^lending this year to shore up its opoa- 
turns in emerg^g markets, which provided 
mudi of tbe company’s grow^ in recent years. 

"Recent!]^ opened emerging markets caotin- 
ue to experience explosive growth,” Mr. Goi- 
zueta said last month. "In emer^ markets 
like East Central Europe, China and India, we 
have (^ scratched tbe s^ace of consumption 
potential trf huge population centers.” 

The company's Northeast Europe/Middle 
East group tm^ in a 21 percent unit case 
volume gain in tbe fourib quarter of 1 ^3, while 
operating inoome singed 41 percent 
China, where Coca-Cola is investing SSOO 
atinioii to beef iq7 operations, continues to offer 
the ctnnpany’s strong^ gnranh, posting a 34 
percem surge in sales in w quarter. 

For all 1993, Coca-Cola earned $2.2 bfl- 
licm. or S1.68 a share, up 17 percent from $1.7 
billion, or $1.43. Ilie 1993 results reflect 
charges, including a change in tbe company’s 
acootmttDg practices. 

Coca-Cola woridwide case sales in 1993 in- 
creased 5 percent, to S10.7 billioa. an increase 
ztf zzMfe Ibu S500 millioo and the equivalest of 
more than two cases for every person on Earth. 

Fig^ Imonational lnc.’s stodc lost IS pa- 
cent m its value <m Thursday after the conglom- 
eraie disclosed a prriuninaiy tumaround pim 
that may include sriling dtvisiops and restating 
some pflk fmanrial statements, BLocmibeig Busi- 
ness News r^iorted from WHloughby, Oma 
The conq^y also suspended its quarterly 
dividend of 6 cents a ■share, saving $4 S nwlltnn 
annually, and elected Walter hlvannoy, fo^ 
mer vice ch airman of McDennott Iniemation^ 
Ion, as a vice dtauman. 

Figgie’s class A shares feD SI. 875, to $10,875, 
in heavy trading. The stock fdl to as fittle as 
$10.75 during the day. 

err Gnnip, a lender, gave the cash-strapped 
company some breatl^ room, induding a $40 
millKn renewable one-year loan. The company 
is wMking on a long-term financing package 
wtb its lenders. Figgfo said. 


P^e 12 



Inflation Worries 
Drag Down Stocks 

via MMdoMd Praia 



OVHI W IM Urt dW. 
Indira «a<73K8.IO3m6J0 3«21M— 

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Obh Hi gh Uw Prgv.Ow 



Standi A Poor*at»*«— 




NEW YORK —The stock mar- 
ket dropped on Thursday after a 
round of inflation jitters sent the 
30-year Treasury bond to the high- 
est yield since Aug. 4. 

The price of the benchmark long 
bond feU 1 point w 96 9/32. in late 

Federal Reserve Board's timetable 
for raising interest rates. 

U.S. Surgical Coip. led the New 
York Stock Exchange's actives list 
dropping 2)b to 18% after the com- 
pany lost a l^al battle with in 
biggest rival WednesdaVi said it 
u^)ped out its credit lines and 
warned of a greater-than-acpected 







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■■ cmcAGD (AP) 



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e4.veliima:2i9*Z. . 

HU Law cioM OPaa 


HU Law Lbs) OW. 

N.Y. Stocks 

fourtb-cmarter loss. 

Painewebber lowered its rating 
on the maker of medical suppUes to 

unattractive from neutral, and 

Goldman, Sachs cut its rating to 


An initial offering from Martm 
Marietta Materials was snapped 
up, with that stock the second- 
most-actively traded. The con- 
struction materials mannfacturer 
offered 7.65 million shares at 23, 
and the issue finished at 24%. 

Rnwng and McDonnell Douglas 
reaped tbe beneT ^ts trf Wednesd ay 's 
announcement that Saudi Aralu 

trading with the yield rising to 6 J4 
perceut, up from 6.46 percent 
Wednesday. The move sent shivers 
thiou^ Wall Street and took the 
Dow Jones industrial average down 
14.63 points, to 3,922.64. 

Lasers led gainers by a 10-io-7 
ratio on the New York Stock Ex- 
change in active trading. 

The inflation worries were prom- 
pted by remarks from Jerry Jmdan, 
the president of tbe Qevdand Fed- 
eral Reserve Bank, wbo cautioned 
agpiiisi intetpreting current U.S. 
data as an indicatirai low inflation 
would continue indefinitely. 

His remarks came after tbe gov- 
ernment released its coasumer 
price index for Janua^, uiiich 
showed subdued iaflaiicHL That 
dnia sent bond prices higher, but 
Mr. Jordim's remarks and anoiber, 
less reassuring rqxnt on inflation 
from the Philadelphia Federal Re- 
serve slainmed prices. 

Riang inflation could speed tbe 






263JB V3U »IJB — I.H 
ScM 331.49 32U6 —1.26 
37a.U 275.64 276.22 —CM 
220aS 217.43 217.92 —1.61 
|ia.U 215.66 7ISS3 — UD 

WHITE SUGA^MW^' _ ” ‘ 
Bdlon o«r awme 1e»4ali at R IBH 

NASDAO Indexos 

SUM aasdo msa aioM * ito 
aoasD 307JN aesm + tJe 
^ SM SH8 

P,T. N.T, 2fDJN 2fam +M0 
N.T. N.T. amn smso uiu. 
N.T. N.T. 2915Q 29700 — OlSD 

!,*■ U17 TOtt 

mo ■ aSo— oat 
its lue 

1 new 

SL04 WUot 



T’A •bs''j - F 

' ' ' ' jjir 

t«m Law Last 

EW.vWunw: U32. Opmi M.: 11767. 

NYSE Host Actim 








f9im 7VJ8 709.38 
B36.M 029.17 029.17 

4M.42 694.00 494.00 
90.12 939.44 WJ4 
891J1 OOOiS 
801.36 7WJ5 799J8 
I7B80 I7&4I 176J1 


us Sura 



would rolii a large commercial air- 
craft oruer betw^ ibe t«p oooqia- 

nies. Boeing was tbe third-most- 
active sto£ on the Big Board, 
rising l%to47%. Boeing also got a 
boost from a buy recommendation 
from CS First Boston. 

McDonnell Douglas rose 1 to 

daxo's American depemtary re- 
ceipts rose % lo 20% in active trad- 

(Kniiftt-Ridda-, Bloemberg) 










P ar Cam 



























— % 










+ 1% 




— 1% 




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♦ % 




— % 




— % 




— 1% 

AHEX Slock Index 

CM** ^ 5EP 


ALUMINUM Moll Grade) 

Mod isiom i3iim 127MO 


oniiofa aer weWc .ton 

Sear 109250 10X3 106*50 

pSnRird 191500 imoo itnoo 


Mhm ear urafilcJU „ ^ „ 

Spot 6*050 49U0 46*3 

gmORl snoo 50400 40500 

NICKHL ■ ■ ■ 


nnrard 597000 S97S00 SM50 

^^*^”^gSo”si3LOO 5GS5D 
Rvwd Mm JmM S54&DO 
SNC CSpa dalHU .Grad a l ■ 

g^Vnrd 98750 nun 97200 

HU Law LoN OB. . 
47651 473.90 47445 -057 

p 0 wr JoncM Bond Awreg— 

20 Bonds 

10 industrials 

Harliot Sales 

NASDAQ Most Activos 

NYSE 4 fun. volume 

Dollar Closes Mixed 
As Mark Strenglheiii 
















Law Losl 
*3 S6W 

2IM 23M 
411b m 

9V6 saw 
S4U 55 
37% 3 

n TOM 
low 11% 
26% 30k 

39 Vi 42 

15% isn 

19% 2iW 
2«, 3 

25% 3 

Slock iBcleMe 
FTSl 100 CURB) 

esavaMNLPoW - 

EsL welueit: 22.Mll Opoiv bd.: 7XIB3L 
irUYMvGwaScMMB . 

opoatiooimbothy^ '. , .-,je,««toS377Aminioo*55pen*^ 
pcmcoi,tol4!?^^tt£MXo$4J Wffioo- 

& d«ffs Ddta of Priciiig 5 ®!^ ^ 

ATIAOTA (Blooinbeig) — ^ 

Spot Coi i i Mi MwE t l e i 

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SS^rS^lolb ^ 

mraPOBiU «g 

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■ SSn^^and the 11 dlim tii« both cairieis serve. 


■ YORK-W r— MaawGard lnt e m « ri«^ 

b^Sie Sorim^^nminirttMins Co. ^ JS1SS7 

Cimi^ vi«^ d«r sposisndup agiwmeiUfo to 


M.Y,S.E. Odd-Let Tfdhig 

Buy Solas Stwrl* 


111 E 



SAP 100 Index optlone 

HU La w d oM Oonae 
UMW-Ms^nd ^ 

5J? ajog y£S • 9446 +503 

c!S £13 M3 943 +ao2 

SSe Mm ^ si tSS 

SE na 9371 *379 +53 

jn 064 9352 9353 .+80B 

*EAvoluma:Stt9ia.QpnHnL : 4343 1 

cauaar w 6W3 *•> ' 


lilMdianlMcMRAXSM M >«s. 


CaifMbyOirSafi From Dapaidia 
NEW YORK —The dollar end- 
ed lower against the Deutsche mark 
Thur^y despite a surprise rate oit 
by tbe Bundesbank, but the curren- 
cy g^ned against die yen on agns 
that U.S.^apanese tr^e tenaons 
mi^t be easing. 

Vifin Thin , an analyst at MCM 

Foreign Exchange 

CunencyWatch, said a combina- 
tion of profit-taking on tbe dollar’s 
initial and buymg of the mark 
on tbe view dial the cut in tbe 
discount rate would help the smig- 

£ g Gmnan economy bad un- 
e the knee-jerk gains tbe dollar 
wiadR on news of the German cen- 
tral bank's action. 

The Bundesbank cut the dis- 
count rate — the ceutral bank's 
cheapest form of financing fCH’ 
commercial banks half a per- 

centage point, to 5.23 pcrcenL But 
it left me influential lepurdiaseH 


agreement rate at 6 percent and the 
Lombard rate at 6.75 percenL The 
Buodesbank generally uses the 
rqpo rate to guide owncy-market 
interest rales between the discount 
rate and tbe Lombard rate. 

In late trading, the dollar was 
quoted at 1.7222 DM, down from 
1.7236 DM at Wednesdsy’s close, 
but at 104.20 yen, up from 103.80. 

The currency also rose to 1.4565 
Swiss francs from 14S43 francs, 
but it was down to 5.8645 French 
francs from 5.8665. Tbe pound rose 
to Sl.4^ from $1.4770. 

Mr. Thin said the Swiss franc 
stsirted to come back against the 
donju* after the head of the S«nss 
National Bank. Marinis Lusser, in- 
dicated that an immment cut in 
Swiss interest rates after tbe 
Bundesbank move was unlikely. 

Tbe dollar gained against the yen 
on a market assessment that Jofian 
was likely to make further conces- 
sions to the Un^ Stales over 
trade and after the U.S. govern- 
ment rtqxMted a smallcr-lhan-cx- 
pecied trade deficit with Japan for 
December, Mr. Thin said. 

If J^ian makes trade cooces- 
aons, or if trade tensions between 
Waslungton and Tokyo case for 
Other reasons, the reastming goes, 
U.S. officials would no longer be 
tempted to try to push the yen 
h^ ghw to narrow tbe trade deficit 

(Bloomberg AFX, Knight-Bidder) 

New Laws 

579 1153 

1256 965 

636 621 

3771 369 

112 107 

SI 43 

AMEX Diary 

New Halts 
New Laws 

deoe Prev. 
309 317 

315 394 

052 839 

36 30 




Declined 14^ 

UnchcaiBcd 1 530 

Total laoucs 1792 


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mwM Mr AW Nor R* «w ^ NW 


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j?r &S M55 9656 UflA 

Kn 9573 UndL 
EM HX 9534 9534 +501 

mSw 9556 95.15 —031 

5ST KT. nS ««& 

mS N-T. M.T. 9471 — OOl 

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AUgiGivani SOM ^ n mmt vidated MastCP- 

• thecaid aaocialkQ issedong to stop Spriirt ftom ti^ tlte 

ie .HWnfr fnryi niiffimmpimiive togagca. 

FarlheRiis^rd. . 

said ifaat daring the 
ETimllianloiirista andSoO 

^on on restmirahts and S 2 fi miDion on h^ and 

niflliba:(m taxicabs. , „ 

anclioiT\i^ for 5525 /)^ . 

. Feed MotwOK-iiiahfiaditi annual shaieboldM 

this m to hipbBg b* aia area £accai/s ide m Forft new Ime of x 

irillhcriw tomfr flw arimid sessioD inB Ire fioW ontride the De^ 


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r& M21 953 95.14 +53 

B£ 9iS2 M3 9457 +83 

■? UOT MTT MJS +0J5 

*'%l.veluin«ak695.0oen M.: 977AW. 


BiiyiiB . ab A ftMi of Hi pa ' 

Mar 11M1 11540 IH-M +03 

A? 11M2 11M6 .11541, .+53 

Esl.valuma: m97i.Op«i hit: 154A11. 


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9lb: BM veL Wj BM OMH W. WMI 




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»' • ii'yi 

.!£(»' TP idf 

Schimme^uschatFoMh, Coi 

Ccnyu&Kf br Our Sti^ Fnm Dapaidia 
Fr^VNKFHRT — Metallgesellschaft AO's su- 
pervisory boat'd said Thursday it would lurid the 
company’s fonner chairman and former chief fi- 
nancial officer responsible for dl-futuies trading 
loss. , . 

In a letter to shaiduriders. the board urged 
the actions of Hdnz SchimmdlHisdi and Mdn- 

hard Forster not be approved at a qiecial meeting 
set for Fdb. 2A 

The board also detailed plans for a oonqilete 

restructuring the TSS-ccnqiaiiy con^omcrate; 
wbkh posted a loss cX almost 2 biUkm Deutsche 

which posted a loss almost 2 biDira Deutsche 
fnarics (SI bfUion) in its 1992-93 financial year. 

(AFX Beaten) 

Riimto SdlTdecom Soike 


MOSeXJW ^Rnsaa's tdecom- 

rnimiRBtinHB mOOOpi^, RoStC^ 

kom, win offer 22 peicent of. its 
shares to ^ pul& next month, 
privatization raEfidals said Thurs- 
day. Investmeat-fund managers 
s um theyoqrectedkaGraagdcHimd 

for the rffgring , to be bdd fmn 
March 14 to April 12,' when Ac 
company is to scH its share s for 
privatization voncheo. 

I.'/."''. ' 'Anoow •• 

NFy 6f tKouso^^He* 

Thotsday fliai fteir bflhk/nrcomwhadbemdg^ed^ 

w ■ .vMi ii B i iHr miiiCnndxhiL Cbemical Bank enssrienfees 

bate cBstireiciSrflo^ Chemied’s aeivice cento wthj^ 
pi^ when thwlcaraeariiat wrnpnto 

Stowds made Wednesday tvricc, s^ ^2 a aistomer withdrew 
Sl(»fiomanaccQiiiit,A waui«tedas^^ ^ 

, ooo»cte4aasdthaLw&^ 

- The New Yoik GS^ tcoDo wasw ^ 



Vfa Aaedutad rren 





Goodman PMd 
ICI Austndia 

Nine Nalworfc 
N BreiwiHin 
pjenapf jim.. 

OCT riLJUur«g 

TNT _ 

W pj lpacBaddna 

153 18LSD 
459 S3 
S3 S3 
13 13 
13 13 
103 1566 
Z1D 115 
2ST 195 
me 1M0 
Ilia 103 
60S 63 
374 37* 
331 131 
13 234 
43 43 
23 145 
73 73 
S3 S3 
43 43 


Pf6 rioBs;2M93 

Sao Paulo 

BaocedaBraall 1359 133 
Bofiosna 73 73 


BBV 3425 3405 

BuCemrelHis. M 300 
Banco Smtander Tm 77T0 

CEPSA 3na M 

Brwedos 2510 |W 




113 113 
ira 17300 
IS 153 
I3S 11950 
2575 253 
99 613 
NA — 






313 30N 
SS10 3505 
7500 7440 
13 164 

I1« 113 

4230 fiflO 
203 203 





Aicart Atomlnum 

Bank Montreal 

BOH Canada 




Ownsiden Text A 


MdOMIlle nBl. 




Quo becpr A 

QueBocor B 

31 3K 
tm talk 

n I91k 
90 % 20 % 
0 5 

7% 7% 
96% ^ 
S% 23% 
10 % 10 % 
71 % 21 % 
Zt% 21% 
19% 19% 
19% I9'4 
20% 19% 
6% 7% 

3 3 


investor B 

Norsk Hydro 





Okandla F 




450 436 

577 55? 

13 181 

440 434 

403 397 
33 33 

iz* ia 

13 !B 
3DS 199 
9S6 353 
13 M2 
IB 129 
U6 13 
3 66 

192 13 

213 2C9 
13 IS 
466 43 


972 239 
+72 63 
♦77 S7 
+72. 318 

Trelieaara 8F B7.S 3 

$WESm 8 Sy‘“ 



2 ESL 

TrSrSaH as 072 233 W -*5 TAS 


Its never been easier 

with our new 

Justoal us 

r -,. V- 

■ "i 

0 — . — . _ — D iwMBiu ruBmot- 

A ceu&cai fix. for $310 aiflfioa. 

'*OQr strategy is to saf^urd and 
wnd €w pos^ as one of dw 
wond 8 lOanTng phamacendcal 
-..^paaies” said Manfred 
. Soinadei, tbe r^taHnniat (£ Bim 
: ^e mntt tfioefoie also becoiM a 
.'fpraein-tbe genetics minte, rrindi 

Baytt said Sefietn would win 
•cxmtiniie to operate indqxBdditly 

TCI UnitBv^ 

■ Keutm 

LONDON — Flextech • 
PLQ the Bndsh ann of Td^ - 
Cotinnonicatkffls InCq took a 
20 percent stdee in the Wdsh 
. hroadcastei HIV Group FLC 

And^ sdd Ftextedfs link 

SDuffl deal of £ZfmBka (S40 
■. nilGoi^coiijdbe'ifaeststcfa 
trend tmvBid Jinks between es- 
' tahBshed Independesf lUen: 
skn companies and txoadc^ 
ers in me txwer and 
i. satdHte tmAm ihete has le- 
' oat^ been a spate of deals 
anxng fix legkual Bndsh nv ■ 

. hroadtasterx 

f Flextech has inleresbB in or 
' _ fflsiu^es 1 1 caMe or satellite 
chann^ faroadcasditt to Bnt- 
ain and Gott^^mlEiiiope. . 

.I*EVERKUSENi Gtnnany — 
AG said Thnsdw hs UB. 

bny e 28 percent stake in the UBl 

end with 


ly^s Miles nidt 
se its holding, in 

, 'Die Gm 'st^ M the deal win 
urndvecooperadoB between KG^ 
Md Sdiein in piodnet devdn^ 
menti produedcM^ £stdbntiaa and 
mikirang in the United -States. 

■ &faein,apzhnie^hddooD9ao7 
that {Modoces and more 

than 350 drags and that reported 
s^ (d m tmUiai 1993, u con- 

tfae nev finnFe^ Bayer said. ' 
Sdxai engdrw. L700 and has 
^enls inCannd^New Yodt, Dan- 
bo^, CoimectieBt and fhoeoD^ 

Bayer's move jnio the 
HBiitet follows a snmlar acdon by 
-its rival .HpedutAG^ whose VS. 
nnit bo^n 51- pecceitt oLCop^ 
PharmaccDtkal Inc. in Ifommxr 

**Ks the wi^ these co nyaai e s 
most go if diey want to' ooimete,’' 
said Fetn Zairntgna, cheadcw anth 
^ DB R es e a rc h . In Gemniqr 
w oraer co unt d es , h^dicare to- 
Conns and bidget zesdiedoDs favor 
taeaqxnsive ganari^ dregs, dm die 
bcandname onginsis. 

B^wr was look^ to mow into gen- 
ax^" said Ihoaias ScUe^C) st 
analyst at Ddbsfidc ft Co. Pliva^ 
bsi&s s.Fcn^fDit “Bat it le- 
niffihs ttTbe seed vdM^ dds move 
win pc 9 ' off better than Hoechst’a” 
Cof^s diates have stmhUed 
aax Beochst aoqoired its stakd 
under tocssuxe whim it was forced 
to jeciu an «di™i fonnd 

to be contananated Tndi baederia. 
'tSapl^ is worth slot less todi^ 

tfMm me mitluw Brtarfitt pafi} 

for it,** lift. 7*mBgn* miH' 

Marhefs a Hit in Warsaw 

lines Are Still Long, But There Is Sugar 

By Jane Perte 


WARSAW — .^s recently as four years ago. 

. enthnance and *»an«Orig jQ lines, maiftng 

deds, sboori i^ die ne^boriioods for scarce si^. 

So ibdaiira thu'nK»ib the first huge super- 
maikeL -r with shopp^ carts, paridxig lor 600 
cars and mougb van tty at cheap jprices to impress 
even ajaded Westerner — narkmtbeb^uuungof 
a TevDlndoo. 

a Gennan «npnna»1{gt chain owned by 
DcUe Hstiddympe SD ^anddsii^ GmbH, 
opened for buaness m a renovated lO/VO-squaie- 
meter facioiy in the wodiDg<lass subtrt of WNa. 
Ever.'smce, fines have stretdied oulade the shiny 
^sss dotts as a nnx of faimlks and 

siAiseecs wshed to oy the new WDdd of shc^piia 
Hit has been jammMb^oodcqiacity — 1,500 
shoppers it a tme — foidiig the managers to 
stagger entry. 

**7128 is relaaizi&*' Magda Xiowakfayk said 

as she eatra her cart throogh the wide aisles, 
IpokxDg at the eoimucopia of cooldug oSs, local aad 
imp cffted chee^ enm^ bxedefast cereal to oon- 
fsse the best-inf oEmed enwatnw and outazed 
bags of bargain pet food. **1 like to be able to ^ 
everydBugimderofie roof. It saves dme. iB beable 
to shop once a week ot every day.** 

For odier shopper^ ibe exodca ot some offer- 
inga provided die tfanfi. 

*^t was the first time ay daughter had seen a 
idneande,** said Katznyna hfiikowski, who triv- 
efed 50 u^ lo see the S 10 T& Mn. Afizkowska said 
that, fike uiost Foies, she dxi^ied ahnost daily. **1 
hate a very small rrfii|Brator, but dus bulk diop- 
jnm looks very eonvemeoL*’ 
ux opoEnog of the SBpeimszket, whidi the luaa- 
agmieat said would Ik IrAowed by another in 
Wsoim wid^ n xnemths, eacpiaim a lot ^x)W 
rfiaitgitig riftMig in Poland. 

About lour yean ago^ the most advesturous 
shopping in Warsaw was at street stalls ran by 
euteqxiaim tnvders who went to Germaoy and 
btoi^ Western goods back in thdr bsgs. Ihen 
souiT diops as aewenaxpreaeurs with 

enoi^ saving! or enoi^ nerve took over dark 
state-nm. stores sod repwildted the shelves. 

The si^Mnnaikefs arrival xepresmts a junqi in 
the devdofuneot of a oonsBiiier sodety in Fedaud, 
m<w«ttng that urban consumers have the 

buying power snefa a large store. It also 

shows that producers can apply goods at a 
steady pace and package them to Western Europe- 
an standards. 

Some smaQa, upscale markets opened in War- 
saw by Austrian and Norwegian companies em- 
phasize Western European goods, but SO pcrceut 
of Hit*s products are Polish. 

From a social pcant trf view, the acceptance of 
OQOftop shopping suggests that more Poles are 
settling into a Western way of fife where 
means money. Of at least tiraeistoovaiuaNetobe 
spent running daily from the butcher to the grocer. 

Hit managers say that price ^ tte big lure and 
coDvemence and glamor are secondary. 

T like to be able to get 
everydiing under one roof. It 
sares time/ 

Abgda Kowalchyk^n shof^wr at 
P<daiid*8 first BctpermarkeL 

**Wben pe^le see they can buy more and cheap- 
er here^ tbqr wQl keep coming back,** said Dieter 
SdiUbusch. the store’s manager, who was oversee- 
ing the bustle at the 29 cash registers. 

Sr^. Much was radoaed m the 1980s. was on 
sale for about 18 cents a pound, about 25 peicat 
less than eJsewbere. Garber baby food, which 

S modiers are stiD gettme accustomed to and 
is eamensive Iw ‘^H&a standards, was 40 
eentsa jar. ^ percent less than in other stores. And 
tM Polisb corn flato in Ma Kowalcfayk's can 
were 17 peieem cheaper than ai her local store. 

In the first week, purchases were fairiy mcidea. 
Maw retire es bought 20 pounds of sugar and not 
much more. Others tried a few canned goods. Even 
one ^ari^ wealthy shopper was cautious: Jozef 
Niosetz, 29. a wrestmig who came with 

his Mfe and daughter, said bis family would shop 
daily fcrmific and meat at their nergbboit^ store. 

Hit's ntana^re said fdt the store was off to 
a roaring start Even Hit's approach, new for 
Poland, of buying directly from producers and 
hypa^Ui Mides&rs, seems to be woitmg wdL 
‘'We came to Poland because we think the coun- 
try will hav« a good economic foture;** said Kun 
Dohle, the bead of ifit's parent company. “And 
peo{riean over the world Uke to hiygo^ cheaply. 

Glaxo Posts 
£1 Billion 
In Profit 

Can^ikd bf Oar Sl«H From Dofakbe 

LONDON ~ Glaxo Holdings 
PLC reported record first-half 
profit Thursday of £1 billioo ($].4S 
trillion^ hi^er than expected, and 
analysts raised their ftmcasis of 
full-year earnings. 

Glaxo. Europe’s largest pharma- 
ceutical concern, s^ pretax proni 
rose 22 percent in the six months 
ended ENcc. 31, as revenue also ad- 
vauced 22 percent, to £2.80 bilfioa. 

The results were helped by cur- 
rency gains, hut sates were up 13 
percent after excluding such gains, 
about twice the otiwth rate of the 
industry* as a wbme over the period. 

Glaxo shares jumped more tbm 3 
percent, dosing at £6.98, up 22 
pence, on London's stock exchange. 

.Analysts bad been croecting pre- 
tax profit of £980 mniton or less. 
Nigel Baines of the Hoare Coven 
briKeage boose said he planned to 
raise his forecast of Glaxo's pretax 
profit for the year to £1.95 btUioQ 
or more from £1.91 bSfion. 

The one disappointment in the 
results concerned the ulcer drug 
Zantac, the woricTs best-selliag 
medicine, which appeared to be 
rtuming out steam after 12 years 
on the market Witb£I jObUfionin 
sales, Zantac still accounted for 43 
percent of rev'enue. but its underly- 
ing growih rate, exdudtog fordgn- 
currency gains, was oi^ 5 percent 

Glaxo’s chief executive, & Ridi- 
ard Sykes, said the company had 
made plans to improve its posinoo 
m the United Sta^ where compe- 
tition is inienrifying in tM health 
care market 

Analysts said Glaxo was expect- 
ed to announce a leladonsbip tn 
the next few months with one or 
more American pbannaceutied 
companies and a pbannai^ benefit 
mammement eninpany to compete 
with Kferck ft Co. afW its recent 
takeover of Medco Containment 
Services Inc. (Reuim, NYT, AFX) 

Frankfurt • 'Ldnelofi • ';V Farts, 

DAX ■ ; ; FTSS 700 fljdwc- * * * CAC:4D 

aaj_v 1.^ -jgjjfl 

1934 1393 . <--1934 ; 

»xfox . . . ITxAsd^. F 




ftwUcfkvt • 


London • • 





Zurich • 
Soufces: AeutefS. 

ASX . . 43Z;9t;. - 

Stock index ' ;u; 

"D«t ;2,i9Sik . 

FAz , 

"hbc iiWftso'' • 

FinarKial'nnibw 8 .^^ 

FTSE 100 

Qm^'lndw” 34aia^. 

CAC40 ^ ‘ 2i264.36';:'^7r 


Stock lndwt'~ ' 4WJ'4 ■ '49i^ /OaO 

SBB ^ ^ 

AFP luemsiimi Henid Trihonc 

Very briefly: 

• L>*ODnaise Communications, a unit of Lyonudse das Eanx Dumez SA, 
France Tetecom. Conpagnie L uittiib oggeofea de TdlftEffiision and TFI 
expect to lannch a pay-per-view tdevision channd tn May. 

• Lf oonaise des Eaux said that the lelevision network M 6 , in wbidi it 
bolds a major slake, uill be taken public this ^ling. 

• Baj-erische Motoren Werite AG and Honda Motor Co. executives are to 
meet in Toiej^o later this montii to discuss the foture of Honda's 
relaiioDship with Rover Groop. Honda holds a 20 percent stake in Rover 
and unsuccessfully bid to raise its slake io47J per^L Brft^ Aere^aoe 
PLC said last month it bad decided to sdl 80 percent of Rover to BIi^. 

• Kvaenier A/S, the Norwegian shipbuilding and industrial conglomer- 

a^ said its pretax profit singed 41.5 pmeot in 1993, to a record 1 J2 
billion kroner (S172 million), and predicted strong in 

1994. It died gi^ results in shipbuilding and energy operatirais. 

• Dutch nneaxiploymeni rase to an average of 480,000 in the three months 
ended in January, the highest level smee 1987. The unemplcyment rate 
for the period was IS percent, up from SX p e rcent a year ago. 

• Kteimroft Beostm Grwqi. the British merchant bank, said pretax profit 

rose 148 percent, to £111.7 million (S16S million), and said all div^ons 
had cooiribmed to the rise. Raem. AFP. Bloombag 

.O’REIQ^Y: Sfoefe Anafy^ laid H&nss Qu^s Bid for The Independent of Britain a Questionable Pursuit 

GoufiMd fraa P%e 11 : . Sooth African matket, where Kft. O^Rdfly’s^iersana] fiiendt^ vdth Die h uvm ess irye nf tr apaig j on hin g fa: <\p ihe con sori"'"^'* 

I on the thitshoid c£ ddmg nqiortaht tfaing^'*^ Mr. O^RdSy said. 
' To keqi Mr. OHe3^ npziaed of die coapan^s progress, Ur. 
I McGocan faxes to Fitt^migjh the HimntBi of each wedfs executive 
,'Uieedng. He Allows tb^ 19 willi a pldme ^ on Satnrd^ to Mr. 
> Q!Rdl 5^8 bOQie. . 

[ It is a repordog pattern afanotf idegticsl to the.ooe fdlowed by Lmn 
iHealy, the ddef aecnrive of Me. OReill/s other'Idsb emoprise, 
• Ind^endent Ne w^wpq s FLC UnH» HtzmtpiL thou^ Independent 

> market tahfoids to quality broadsheets, 

fa range from down- 
euesy one of their 

Sooth African where Kft. O'Refity’s ^monaJ fiiendih^ vdth 

Nelson Mandda played a key role; arid its acqurilkui last weeft of a small 
LondoD-based owner of adverfiong papers. But tb^ expressed dcubis 
conoerefrig tbe Gcaapaa^s potsmt U Ne w spa p er niblisfamg. 

fo the face of tbore doobta, Kft. Healy steadfastly insisted that in the 
faands of enKrieoeed oeum^ierowoen, Newi^tqierPiiNisting could be 
m^jaM hao; fo profitabifity. 

“We led it can bebrougfat back to profit and hs days of ^cay,** he sakL 
But in the contest for Britain's IndqiendcnL Mr. O’Reilly an 
oppanemriiat many pec^de agree has cammerda] logic (XI its ade. It is a 
eOBmrthiin enn^tinf of tisO COB^Sn'fB foiinden fdus B Pms of Spain 
and 1^ RqxibUica <a Italy, vdu togedier already own 47 percent of the 
ocnqiaiQr. Wfafa Biitam’s hfitira Gr^ FlC, they are seduiig to buy the 

The busiuess li^c of the traosaciion hinges on the consortium's ability 
to cut costs by ooffibinoig such operations as printing and advertising 
with those of Miiror Group. 

Mr. Healy main lamed that those sayings would come at the expense (>f 
the newsp^o's zreaiest isset, itspditical ind^ieadence; because of the 
link with the leftHeanxiig Morar Group. He inoetM he oiald cut mougb 
costs and maika the paper vigorously cDougb to nun it arouiid. 

Mr. O'ReQly said his mtetest in the sTrugglrng British newqiaper stems 
from neather altruism nor ego. He said he was not evm sore he would take 
either of the two board seats group is currenily 

Furtbetmore. he said he saw profit looming in the futuie: “It is a slow 
buck, but an {uxiest and an honorable buck,” he sauL Mr. G'RetUy also 
sts 00 the board of Washbgion Post Ci^ wfaiefa owns half of the 
InternatiQaal Herald Tribune. 

IBM Scraps Low-End Line 


PARIS — Internationa] 
Business Machines Corp. is 
eloang its European Ambra 
business to focus on its own 
biand-nameprcxlucts, IBM Eu- 
rope said Thursday. 

“Incitascd com;^‘tion from 
our own IBM products have tak- 
en over the potions of Ambra 
in Europe," IBM said. IBM said 
Ambra bad about I pereent of 
Europe’s low-end computer 

marie a. h {^ans to withdraw the 
products Europe on March 
31, although the U.S. Ambra 
busittess wfll not be afieczed. 

‘‘IBM has ihai the 

low-end market is so fiercely 
competitive that soles depend on 
big marketing pushes,” said 
Steve Brazier, an analyst at Da- 
taquest Inc. in Britain. “And 
IBM doesn’t want to push two 
product Imes." 

(Bloomberg Reuters) 

W! ' '..r> rtiiLj?! 
• *r - * ttc* ‘ - -* 1 - 

f7TT>*' b'.*.»l •’*' 


CQOlfaMdfiraraPlirll ' 

'Philipptnes 134pen^— thejn»r 
'Dial-fund busioeas jnnqi^ on de 

« (fawyear ago, the Boston bdio- 
moth Fidelity Investinentt 
the name of a liny fond to Bdeuty 
CmeigiDg Markets. By the end of 
the year, the fond had $1.9 bilEon 
in its coffers. Oeqito n diaip sefl- 
‘off fai mariy 'einBtgfaig wiiVit iq 
T anuan, wfucfa has put the bind ffl 
the red tlus yea^ its assets now top. 
$2 biffica — almost as big as & 
LanJra's entire stock madmL 
' Emerging-market luvesiment gn- 
ras remain endmaastic about tiie 
kagWm outlook for connlries 
whose economies are growing for 
foster than Ametieifs or Wereem 
Etitope's. But tfaey concede that 

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Page 14 



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Page 15 



TOKYO Weak' 'tcoDcxmes m • 
Japu aoQ Eiirope aod tbe streogth 
of loe 3ieo brou^t poor tlmd-c^ 
lo-eanuDgs Gg^ Enm Sony Coip. 
and PSoneer Becboue On. <» 
Thnisday. iwifli the latter company 
a forecast to . 

of the OUTEIU finanrial jwtr 

Sony said its net income t^imfrlffd 
38 peicesit in the quarter eiwiing 
31, to 16.80 l^oa yen (S162 
million) fioin '27.13 . tnllion yea a ‘ 
year eanier, althoo^ n uFd i of the - 
seemed attributable to taxes. ' 
Pretax'income rose 7 percent, to 
36.46 UUioa yen.. Sales, however, 
fell 4 percent, to 1 J)7 trilfioD yen. 

At Pioiieer, the news was ^oomi- 
cr. Net income in the latest 
tumbled. 77 peneot, to 
yediioin4^1 bflKon' yen,- aiHn^. 

lax income ^ 74 to 

baiioD yen. Pionen^ dropped 
16 peiceot, to 139.S5 UIEoa yen. ' 

noneer, tduch spedaliaes in an* 
dio and video equipnmt, attributed 
its poor res^ to ^ riang yen, 
weak demand in J^ian and R»wwm 
and increased competitioD. It 
sla^ied to mtimate for paiCDt-coin- 
pany profit for- theyear diat ends 
Maidi 31 to.600 niiiBriii wq from a 
prerious estimate A70 bQDoayen 
and far lower *an the 10.74 bSuon 
it earned bst year. It t rimmed its 
sales forecari to 328 Ulltoyaifnm 
a previous estmaie 349 billion' 
and 381S IdhoQ earned ayear agOk 
Sony also prineoed w^er re> 
mils for aO <n this year than last, 

bm it blamed dis^jpnnting U.5 
' boX'-(rfficB revenue nt its films onh. 
Sony.'smd overall sales this 
would fan7 percent, to 3.72 bdlu 
yot,. net prmt would drop 4S per- 
cent, to 20 inilion yen. -It sai^ 
evff, that pretax income wow rise 
SpNcent, to lOO'billiQD yen. ' 

the yen’s rise daring the quarter 
shaved 132 biHioD yen' oO coiso& 
dated sales, .Sony saitL But the CD^ 
reo^s recent advances unHkely to 
'affect the cumril quaiter, as Sony 
• has hedged its eotire toeiip^x- 
cfaaoge C3q)osure in the ihreemondis 
to Kurcfa at 108 yen to the drillar. 

Executives said a tiimaioaDd of 
the coaq»nys dectronics divirion 
sales in Ja^ was the brightest 
sign during the latest quarter.^ven 
tbou^ Jwan's auffio-risual indns- 
try s^es fw from the year before, 
punishinh Pioneer, and other com- 
petitors, Sony’s sales all pr^ 
□CIS enaqK camcorders impro^ 

. Sony’s two entertainment. £vi- 
90DS turned in mb^ results: Music 
sales juD^wd 9.1 pezceD^ to 15127 
bOUon yen, but ^ movie £ris«^ 
hurt by poor U.S. resititsXor movies 
suchas last Action Kerch sagged 13 
percent, to 86.18 faalEan yen. Muac 
sales were boosted by int albums 
- £com Pearl Jam, Mariah Carey, Qo- 
ria Estefah and, BiBy Jbd. 

Sales of other products, notably 
senriconduciofs and infoimatioii- 
rdated 'eqiupmoit aidi as GD- 
ROM drh^ jump^ 10 percent, to 
204baHk)ii.yea. ■ (A^, 

-AJFX, Roam, BhonAer^AFP) 



Bhendiaj Bmbiea Naas 

win review its controveraal 
new tax on profits from real 
estate sales, analysis said. 

the new i^^tit^ 
are revealed in Mai^ there 
win likdy be a stri^ ex- 
empikms which will ensQie tiie 
law is aub^ at property speo- 
-ulators and not devdcpers,**- 
said Steven IJ,'' a tax advi^ 
with Eriist A Young. - 
China announced that 

to 6734 pooent of cqntal 
gains on aH ^operty sales.. 

Panda Looks Past the Television 

Chinese Manufactorer Seeks to Expand in New lines 

■Bhembat Oiiriimr Netv 
NANJING, China — Long a purveyor of 
no-frills tdevUion sets, Panda Electronics 
Co. is now tiying to uavd with a fast crowd 
in the fierc^ competitive 0obal tdecom- 
municatioQS mdust^. 

In June, Panda hopes to Immdi a public 
offering m the Hong Kong stock mait« to 
raise as mudi as tniffion for its expanaon 

into the satdfite-dirii manufacturing and mo- 
bSe telqibone businesses. 

The company is an offshoot (rf Panda Elo 
•trmiics Group, which mdws short-wave radi- 
os and satdl/tes for the Chinese nrilitaiy. The 
parents consumer busmesses were separated 
and folded into Panda Electronics in 1991 
Now, the offshoot has some big ambi tkns 
of its own. **We hope to gradnaJly buQd a 
large company and rquesem Cluna’s dec- 
tranks mdumy its vice presideoi, 

2iang Youhi, said. 

Ihai may be a difficult goaL But the com- 
pany, basM in the coastal province of 
Jiangsu, says it already had ooe4ixth of Chi- 
na’s color leleviaon maricet and 10 percent of 
its videocassetie-recmder maricet utst y< 
’^Panda's televisions are v«y 
mnoog Chinese people, and their teduiblt^ 
is not bad.” said a manager at Matsnshita 
Beijing, the Chinese affiliate of Matsuriiita 
Electric Industrial Co. 

The coaquny has a price advantage be- 
caoseof the6S percent tariff Begii^sh^ on 
lekvisida inqxnis. For instance, a Panda 21- 
incb telewisioo carries a price oif 2,600 yuan 
($300X while an inqmied Jtq>anese set costs 
more than 4,000 yuan. 

Panda's tdevurioo business hdp^ its reve- 
nue surge.fimn 900 nullico yuan in 1990 to 
19 Inllion yuan in 1993, wha profit hit 170 
miffinn yuan, BcconfiDg to tlw oDTOpany. 

But tbie days of diat land of growth may be 
coming to an ad. For one thiD& Panda's pm 
) co^ vaoish if Bqbm lowers hs tariffs 
tca^ iGstrictioos 00 loeiea deetronics 



igeis, as it presumably must do to join the 
leiai Agrtement on Tariffs and Trade. 
*'lf Panda just stays in the T\' markeL the 
oullodc is noi that btigbi,” Qizabeih Qag, 
an analyst at Wardl^ James Capd, said. ’’As 
China struggles to GATT, it's going to 
lower import tariffs, and local producers will 
lose out to Japanese ones because of brand- 
name premiums.” 

Even without tariffs onning down. Panda 
will still face increased competirion from to- 
dgn emnpuies that have vatures m Chino- 
In a nation of 12 billion peo{de, there are 
oolyabout 200 million television sets, accord- 
ing to Qnna's Elecuonics Ministry. The gov- 

Panda just stays in 
tbe TV market, the 
outlook is not that 

EBssbeth Qteng, analyst nl 

WanU^ James Capel 

emmai foiecasi consumers would buy 20 
millioa new television sets in 1994. 

Sud Dumb^ have already attracted Phil- 
ips NV of tbe Netherlands, which in 1990 set 
up a vature to make tdeviaoos in Suzhou 
Pnndnce. In addition, the South Korean elec- 
tnmtcs giant SamsimgEIectFoaies Co. recent- 
ly started niaUng \CRs in the oorihem port 
of Tianjin. 

What is more, Panda’s ^osssure start in 
molrile telephones, where it is one of mly two 
majM* domestic playns, is ali^y under as- 
sault from the hkes of Motorola Inc. which 
started sellisg its band-hdd mobQe phones in 
China this year. 

On the ottor hand, ’’the market is very big; 
it can't be filled just one sui^lier,” said 

Maggie Zhang, an account manager with Mo- 

China's crackdown on private sales of sat- 
ellite dishes represats yet another threat to 
Panda Elearonics' eremth prospects. Last 
year. Panda sold S.00b of the small dishes, in 
China and abroad, that allow consumers to 
pick up saielUie lelevision services. 

W'orried about the impact of Western me- 
dia, toiji^ Im effectively banned sales of 
satellite dishes to individu^s. Housing com- 
plexes and businesses can buy saieUite dishes, 
but only after receiving government approv- 

That is why the moves into mobile phones 
and satellites are so important for the compa- 
ny. Each now represats about 5 percat of 
the company's revenue, and they are its fast- 
est-growing businesses. 

To advance its position in the mobile tele- 
phone market. Panda has hooked up with 
LM Ericsson AB of Sweden, which was im- 
pressed by tbe company's factories. 

**rve seen a number of deetronics factories 
in C hina- and I think Panda is the best," Hans 
Ekstrom, pregdat Ericsson China, said. 

He said some of the Panda tedmical staff 
en^loyed in the vature with Ericsson had 
gained' experose on the company’s military 
communications equipmat contracts. 

Panda will be able to survive alongside 
foreign motrile-pbone suppliers if it conca- 
trates on large, cheap handsets, he srid. "I 
thinif they can succeed, but still they will need 
more liine to do it.” he said. 

Here. too. the potential is vasL The number 
of mobUepbone users in China is expec^ to 
triple dunng the next two years to 2 million, 
according to govemmat surveys. 

Moiorcda and others will be chasing that 
busiiMss as well. But if Panda can keep up. it 
will have a shot at fulfilling its dream of 
rq>resating China in me of the world’s 
fastest-growing markets. 

li Investor’s Asia | 

Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

Straits Times 




A 2400 


Ji«» f 


200ou ’••V — 
lamn X 


r- r 

lOIKlO . r“ 



soon — sr^- 

2MB V — 


imn... H 


~ 1800 

o'n oJf "'^'s'on 

19B3 1S94 1B93 

Exchange index 

Hong Kong Hang Seng 

OJF ■'’-"SON 
19B8 1993 

Thursday Prev. 
Qose Close 

10,78&S9 10,634.10 






Straits Times 










Nikkei 225 

18,931:39 19,052.11 


Kuala Lumpia 











Corrposita Stock 





Weighted price 










Stodc Index 




Atew Zealand 










Sources: Filers, AFP 

IbioiuumuI HcnM Tnbune 

Very briefly: 

China’s Regulators Outgunned in War on Fraud 

- Agues Frmee-Prase 
BEUING — As China Struggle 
to establish rules to govern tecori- 
ties blatant frand and in- 
sider deafing on the 0001111/5 
fledgling stoa markets are gomg 

tartly imp unie'hed. 

Stmerrisory botfies exist, sud as 
the China Securities Ri^atoiy 
Oiinmissioii, set im in October 
1993. Bat a la^ of kmriative sup- 

amniftnt -j^jprtaes has left 
fnmuferin g m the face-nf oom ip lkM- 

ibe commissioin has only 100 
Staf^ few of vrimn few have any 
practical tramhig. It receives htm- 
dreds cf complaints every 6ay, but 

by ^ end of 1993, formal deci- 
su»s had bea readied on only 
about a dosen cases. 

*Tbe problem is that we have no 
single odiermt framework,” a se- 
mor Cfaiaese official invdved in 
implemating gudehnes on securi- 
ties trading smd. 

’Hbe goveromat issued n^pla- 
toiy guiddmes in May last year, 
but re^NXiabitity for ingilemat- 
them is dined betwea tbe 
CSRC and other govenunenl aga- 
des, witich have their own vested 
interests," the official said. 

Insidiq- tradi^ invdving Com- 
nnmist Party (tfnoals and local bu- 
reaucrats as well as congiaiiies, is 

prevalat on Chinas two formal 
stock exchan^ set up in 1991 in 

Shang hai anrf5thwi7hm. 

Fraud is similarty widespread, 
vtiA mimerous cases of indiiMuals 
obtaining the securities numbers of 
other people and using them, 
backed up with fake idaufication, 
to qiticUy sdl the unssupectiag in- 
vcsiors* sto^ at throwaway prices. 

Other parties involved in the su- 
pemrion of securities trading in 
China indude (he State Planning 
Commissioii, the Afinislry of F>- 
nance, tbe Pole's Bank of China 
and the Stale Cbrnmission for Re- 
structuring (he Economy. 

Ksagreemais amag tbe vari- 

ous groups and unwillingness to 
coormnate (heir dfons have served 
to fur^r water down the impact of 
aoti-fiaud r^ulations pas^ in 
May 1993 that some analysts say 
were never more than a stt^gap 
remedy in any case. 

"The regulations were basically 
issued for pit^aganda purposes so 
that the governmat could say tb^ 
existed.” a Western banker in Beij- 

Many hopes are now being 
itnned on a national securities law, 
iwn up in consultation with sev- 
eral olhm countries and foreigD o^ 
ganizatioos. that is to be promu^ 
gated this year. 


But many analysts say that the 
new' law, w^e incorporating some 
le^slation against fraud, wdll be 
more concern^ with establishing a 
fiamewoii for stock-market opera- 
tions and that specific measures to 
n^t activities such as insider trad- 
ing will come later. 

According 10 Norman Givani. an 
American lawyer based in Shangjtai. 
tbe law wifl focus on curbing tbe 
qpread of informal stock markets, 
transfeaming state-nm mteiprises 
into shardroider-owned ocmqWtes 
and T rialing access to marl^. 

Insider trading, he said, “bas not 
bea as much of a concern (o date 
as it sb<^ be.” 

• Ftijilsu Ltd and Hewlett-Padtan) Co. plan 10 im^te their large-scale 
telecommunications networks, according to Japanese press reports, with 
Fujitsu’s switching and scrxice-managemai systems nmning on Untx- 
bas^ Hevdeti-Packard workstations. 

• Petroo Cbrp., the Philippines' largjst oil refiner ad retailer, said it was 
recongderittg its plan to indude international investors in an initial 
public offering of 20 percat of its shares planned for May; its president 
Monreo Jacob, said the company would make a decision by next week. 

• National Australia ird. said it bad sold 30.6 miUion shares, or 2.3 

percent, of AiKtralia & New Banking Groiqr Ud. at 5.63 .Austra- 

lian dollars (S4.00) a share and had arran^ to sell its remaining 12 
percat stake; the bank previously said it wanted to acquire regional 
banks in Briiaio and the United Siaim. 

• rKna had a trade deficit of S900 million in January, its Customs 
Depanmat announced, as exports rose 14 percat from a year earlier, to 
54.8 btllW but imports surged 42 percent, to 55.7 billion. 

• Corp. will reduce its bolding in the Malaysian aerospace 
company Airod Sdn^ to 30 percat from 49 percat, to allow greater local 
partidpaiion. Airod's executive chairman, Nasruddio Bahari, said. 

• Imfia's banking system was hit by a one-day strike by 650.000 employ- 

ees. called to protest a gpveriunat decision to close or merge branches of 
Dublic-sector banks. Bhomberg, A FP, Reiam 

-TlHirmiay’A.ClQalnv. - . . 

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German Spice Maker Sold 
To Australia’s Bums Philp 

Bhaintberg Businas News 

SYDNEk’ — Burns Fhilp & Ccu 
a diversified AustnOian foM com- 
pany, Slid Thursday it beome the 
sec^-latgest spice maker in Eu- 
rope with tbe acqinsiikm of Ge^ 
many’s Karl Ostmann GmbH. 

Burns PhOp said it bought the 
German company from its 
founder. Kail Ostmann. for 182 
nullion Datsebe marks (S105 mO- 
lion) plus worl^ capital. 

The acquisition wUl give Burns 
Philp 10 percat of tbe herb and 

spice market in Western Europe 
a^ 3S percent of that market m 
Germany, which is worth about 
SOO milbon DM a year. 

It also wQI lift Burns Philp's 
worldwide ^ce sales by 25 pia- 
cat, the company said. The pur- 
chase is subject to review by the 
Feiteral German Cartel Office. 

In the United States, Burns Philp 
markets brands such as Reiseb- 
mann’s Yeast and Spice Island. Its 
U.S. operations are now Ugger 
than those in Australia. 

Luxury Hotels Sprout 
In Ho Chi Minh City 


Dominique R. Nordmann is 
glad he put hamburger on the 
mau oThis newly opaed ho- 
tel, the Omiu Sai^D. 

Wha It opened for business 
on Feb. 1. he described 1994 as 
the year rf the “big bang" for 
Vietnam’s hotel indusliy, refer- 
ring 10 the opening of big hotels 
of international standard in Ho 
Chi Minh City, the country’s 
main business cater. 

Three days later, U.S. Presi- 
dat Bill Clinton lifted a 30- 
year-old trade embargo on 
Vietnam, paving tbe for a 
inhux of American business vis- 
itors as well as U.S. investmat 
in the hotel industiy, short of 
(op-class accommodation. 

With U.S. investors will come 
American managenwot compa- 
nies, industry sources said. 

Tbe first vriib its name on the 
facing ctf a site in downtown 
Ho Chi Minh City, formeriy 

Saigon, is Ramada Iniemauon- 
al Hotels & Resorts, which 
plans a ihree-star. 388-room ho- 
tel of 20 su>rie& due for comple- 
tion in 1997. Marriott Inieroa- 
tiomd Inc. and Holiday Inn 
Worldwide are also exploring 
opportunities, tbe sources sud. 

This year, however, Asian 
and Eun^iean companies are 
leading a boom that is eban^g 
the face of Ho Chi Minh City 
and bringing compation to a 
market once dominated by 
state-owned hotels. 

Ho Qii Minh City weicomed 
a record 485JXX) foreigD busi- 
ness executives and tourists last 
year — Taiwanese. Frendi and 
Japanese were the biggest na- 
ik^ groups — and estimates 
700,000 will visit this year. 

The Omni Saigon, manned 

Hong Kong-bved Omni Ho- 
tds Aria-Pacific a subsidiary of 
Wh^ (Holdings) Ltd, is % 248- 
room, four-star hotel aimed at 
tto buriness maikei. 




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For Seles, StiU Shaken by Stabbing, the Struggfe^f^inaieMind 

Camptkd by Our St^ Fmn Dispatdits 

Monica Sdes, once tbe world's lOp- 
ranked women's tennis player, “will not 
be n^y to play tennis again in the near 
future" because she is stlD mentally unfit 
to return to the court, according to her 

Seles, 20. has not pla^ in a tourna* 
meol since ^ was slabbed by a specta- 
tor during a match in Hambuig on April 
30. Skb not entered in any tourna- 
ments this year. 

Since last summer, when she under- 
went rehabilitation at the Steadman- 
Hawkins Oinic in VaiL, Colorado, Seles 
has used therapy sessions and conversa- 
dons with oiber recovered stabbing vic- 
tims to attempt to come to terms with an 
experience that she still r^ards as a 
bru^ with assassination. And it contin- 
ues to debilitate her. 

So far, Sdes has not been able to 
recoup the physical and mental equilib- 
rium she (U»ns necessary to cope with a 
return not only to eompetitiofl. where 
she expects lop-ecfaekm performances 
from hersdf. but also to tbe tournament 
sites tbonselves. 

The fact that she was left so vulnerable 
during an actual match has wreaked hav- 
oc on one her most lethal competitive 
wsapotts: her mental toughnea. 

Sdes, who has won ei^t Grand Slam 
tides and had been raided No. 1 for 
almost two years at the time she was 
attacked, is continuing her rehabilitation 
at her home in Sarasota. Florida. 

Although she is practidog without 
pain, tbe emixioaa] recovoy has bees 
slower, said her sepal, Stepha^e ToUeson 
of International Kfanagpm gnt Gioiq>. 

“Monica has spent tbe past few 
months focusing on her physical rdia- 

bilitaiion," Tdleson said in a statemeni 
<m Wednesday. *Ticnvever, there are stiD 
emotional issues resulting from tbe stab- 
bing attack." 

'The speculation about Monica's r^ 
turn to tte tour b^tens as the draw for 
each weelfs toumamem is announced, 
and Monica does not want to mislead 
anyooe." she added. “She is not entered in 
any tournameDts this year, and she does 
not know wba she wiD be able to return.” 

Although Seles's advisers would uoi 
contirm it, there is leasoo to believe that 
her reluctance to return Is spurred in 
part by an illness suffered by her fathtf. 

Also, her emotional stale ^parently 
was unsettled by the assault on Nancy 
Kerrigan, which prompted the media to 
revive detafls of the attack on Seles. 

“This press release did use the word 
emotion^ but she's not going cran.** a 
source said. “Mentally, she just goes 

and forth. The Kerrigan attack set 
her back, not when it seemed random, 
but when it was proved there was some 
oui again who could get to an athlete.” 
“Ah of a sudden, people were linking 

Seles is pracdcing 
without pain, but the 
efflodoDal recovery 
has been slower. 

Kerrigan with Monica's aeddent and 
Monica had delibntdy avoided watch- 
all (hat stuff,” the souice added. 
. she turns on the TV and there's 
me tape of the attack, which she had 
never vretched. she opened up the 

nae of her with her tongue having oul" 
Seles was attacked lau year during a 
quarterfinal matdi agamst Magdaksa 
Maleeva in Hambnig. As Sdes f^ to (he 
ground bidding her left dtoulder blade,, 
the authodties wrestled with the at- . 
tacker, Gttnther P^e. 38, who Was 
wading a serrated ititchen fcntfe. 

Parrhe, a German, later toldthepdioe 

that be not wanted to ki& but 
had hoped to hurt her so that his beib. 
Steffi Graf, coidd assume the Na 1 
ranking whidi Sdes beid from Septem- . 
ber 1991 to June 1993. 

Paiche was given a two-year su^iend- 
ed senuace in October but may stand 
trial ^ain m a state app^ 

Graf rose qukUy to the Na 1 ^>ot 
On Monday; Sdes was dropped firbm the 
world ranltings for the fim time dnce 

19% because die had im toiapa^ 
satiiXYm thepcofessiond dreuit in 
previous 52 we^ ' ' 

. Pnr mnntfi*, dm tieiWHi; rtOHimunity 
. has hoped Sdes would lenmi and bring 

eedtstnent to dm women's gam^ 
vriiidi bas-been dominated by GraiL 
Sdes was not avaDable to commeot 
Wednesday, n« was Graf, was en 
iroute to Ci^mnia, where she is sched- 
uled to pl^ m a lounament nen week. 

But GiaTs egent, Hul de Kedmto, 
said be did HOC thbik Sdes’s anhooooBr 
aarotwasnieanin^ul. ..... . 

“Mraicahas sewer gtvan a tiihetaUe 
fofher ietnni,*'he T think it was . 

just otiber pete's best gnesses, educat- 
ed or noL”'. 

- In'Sdes's absence, Graf has won all 
fbnrm^'or women’s moniasieats — die 
French Open, Wirdbledt^ tbe U.S. 

Ooen and the Austndian Open. Seles 
gj^ron who imcf" 

had dwnged since the staWtin- 


“I don’t even want to play becajw^* 
ifs to know that the world is lOra.. 

Stid?she added. “I only 
S^jse I tovc tbe game. 

reason I be^ to play at age 7 m the Drat 


The Way to Stay 
No. 1 for Arkansas 
Is Ail in the Shots 

The Assoaated Press 

Good shooting cures everything, 
according to C^b Nolan Ridi- 
aidson 6l Arkansas. And, some 
un^ defense doesn’t hurt. 

On Jan. 8, Richardson's Razor- 
backs were ranked Na 1 in Ibe 
Associated ftnss college hasketbail 
pcdl when they went to Tus^oosa, 
Alabama. Arkansas shot 3S percent 
from tbe Geld — 23 percent from 3- 
point rans — and lost by twa 

Oo Wednesday night, the Razor- 
backs were ranked No. 1 again. 


This time, Arkansas, plying at 
home, made 46 percent of its £ots 
— almost 42 pocent from 3-point 
range — and won, 102-81. 

At tbe half, Atkansas led. 42-35. 
In the seemid half, Corliss Wifliam- 
soDwasStrfS, SoattyThannao4of 
6 and A1 DiUard 3 r» 9. WUUamsoa 
scored 12 of his 20 pmnls, Thur- 
man aD of his 13 and DiDard 14 of 
his 16 during the final 20 minubs. 

The Razofbadts are 19<2 omaH 
and 9-2 cn the West Drvisioo of tbe 
Souibeastem Conference. Alabama 
is 13-8 mid 8-4 in tbe SEC West. 

OUdmna SL 63i, No. 4 Kansas 
99: Bfooh Thompson tied it wth a 
jumper with 10 secemds left b n^i- 
lation and won it whh two bee 
(hn^wiih lOsecoodsleftinOTas 
tbe CowtMys (17-7, 6-3 Big Ei^) 
snapped a nvegame taring streak 10 
tbe viating Jayhawks (21-4, 6-3). 

Nati DiAe 84, Van^aia 54: 
Grant HiU dominated tbe team 
(bat held bim to four pmnts earlia 
in the season by scoring 25 pomts. 
gr^bt^ 11 rebounds, handmg out 
five asrists and bloddng four shots 
f^or the Blue Devils (18-3, 9-3 At- 
lantic Coast Coofereoce). Jason 
Williford's 14 points led the virii- 
ing Cavaliers ( 13-8, 7-5). 

No. 7 Mkbigui 89. kma 76: The 
Wolverines! I 10-2 Big Tenlex- 
tended their conference lead and 
won (heir seventh squight iuwan 
Howard bad 24 pdnts, nine re- 
bounds and six assists as Michigan 
bat tte Hawkeyes (9-11, 3-8) at 
home for tbe 13th straight year. 

Nou 9 Purdue No^ 24 Wisooa- 

gu 64: ffleon RoUnson had 27 
poiots and 16 reboonds as the Bdl- 
ermakers (21-3, 9-3 Big Ten) with- 
stood a late 3-pomt bturage by (he 
visiting Badgers (15-6, 6-fy 

No. 12 b&soiai 79^ lorn State 
72: In Ames, Iowa, Jevon Crudup 
scored eight of Missouri's 14 points 
in overtime after struggling most of 
the gam& Missouri (19-2, 10-0 Big 
Eight) never (ruled in the overtime. 
Iowa State (1 1-IO, 1-8) tbe fi- 
nal two shots in r^ation, bat 
Jason f^brougb missed from the 
top of Oe key and Qudtqi htadeed 
Saun Jackson's follow. 

No. 13 Temple 65, St BanaTca- 
tUK 56: The Owls (18-4, 11-3 At- 
lantic 10) prevailed on the road 
without CcMCfa John Chaney, who 
was susp^ed one pme for his 
threats against the Massadtasens 
ooac^ John Calipari, oo Sunday. 
Ed^ Jones iud 24 points as Tem- 
ple beat tbe Bonnies (9-12, 3-8) for 
tte 23d ooosecutive time. 

Na 17 Horida 9t Georgia 79: 
'The Gators (204, 102 Souibosieni 
Coofeenoe East) hit the 20-victoiy 
nwr t for tbe fifth time in school 
hiaiory. Cnug Btom and Dan Cross 
each scored 21 paints far Ftadda. 
Daibon Brown led the viating Btdl- 
d^ (11-12, 5-6) with ISpomts. 

Na23 Qadnniti 78, No. 18 
Sunt Loins 73: The Bearcats (17-7, 
54 Great Mtawesi) beat tbe BiDi' 
kens for tiie fifth consecutive time 
as th<7 dominated ioride late. Scott 
High^k led visitiog Sunt Louts 
(19-3, 5-3) with 27 points. 

Na 20 bfiniMscria 94, Peon Sc 
66: In Mnneapolis, Voshon Le- 
tt^ BU^ed bis season high with 
30 pmnts and Randy Carter added 
20 pmnts and 10 rebounds as the 
Goiden Gophers (18-7, 84 Big 
Ten) won thw four^ straight ooo- 
fereace game Jdm Anuew had 
14 pemts for the Ninany Lions ( 10- 
10. 3-8). 

Tulaiie 66, Na 21 Atabauia-Bh^ 
nun^aa 6(h Tbc Greco Wave ( 13- 
9) tot a ranked team for tbe firat 
time in five tries Ihb season as Le- 
Veldio Simmons scored 16 pruts. 
Oarenoe Thrarii bad IS pmnts (or 
the visiting Blazers (IS-S). 

■C -Vj. ^ 

u . -V -"i.,. " V- 

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arTdntiofl 7a 51. LMili 73 
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Gonnmn 8, PDrthmd a 
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a. Mm, col, UV Sana Oora 45 



<Wt (hdera ]NHL to 

TORONTO (AP) — Hie Nalicml HocIect 

naffions of dollto in pendou-ftmd money tohimdreds Of fooner players. 

Ontario’s hidiest coort ruled on Thursday. . . „:j 

pensions for^yacs still the leagoa At the hey rf ihe 

NHL Penaon Society had misappeopriated the funds. 

Bairkley^s Back^ aadSo Arc Siins 


b^ Aasodaiioo MVP, bade m the Baeim imer nnaring 1 7 gan^ beca»» 

of a tosn tendon in his Jea AePhoenix sms soured to ™ 

then btew past Portiand an 81-point seraod but f« a 1^1 w wsoty^ 

naymg 29 mmutes Wedoesd^ m Ws first gameance Jaa 7 , BarU^ 
scored^ peunts and had seven irixiunds, five assists and two steali 
Without bLuw, the Sods, the defendisg Weston Cooferenoe champi-. 
ODR posted m^teepnL ' - 

For file Record 

Lon Bolt^ the Notre Danie football coach, win meet with the Natimial 
e...L^v.ii ( Ta.dpMMumA- fsBiisiw trt <Kcm«c the head 

noctheniBrittaity, Tour officaals said IhOiKlqr* fRauur^ 

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Page 19 

- • 

“• I .f ■■ 


TV Schedules, Eyents 

FHday’m. Events ; . : 


BWWon - Womeny is 

Jej»Hod^ - v» Ruaai^ 

1400: Finland va. Ausirta,'ifi30;-Cze(^ 
Republic vs. Nonr^. 1900^ 
bigp Mon'edoubtos, fiiat and ^ 
ond runs, OOCQ. ' 

Neidle CMafaUied bidivtdual 
tersW jump, lisa • 

^eadslaaiiff — Metfs> malers. 




M times am k>ca . 
itaM - ORF: 0800-1900, 201&«Ob. 


BrfMi - BBC2:1420:15». 18004106. 
Mgaila r Blfr/ChBnnell:llO0-l31S 
1700-1830, 191S-1945. 221O43T0- 
Channel 2 1700^1330, 20S4300. 0030- 
0100 . . . ■ 
CroaOs -- HRT/TV2: 1630-1825, 
qrpnis CYBC: 1715-1746. 800- 

tedi Rapuboe - CTV/Channrt 1 : 
0915-1215. 1945-2015, 2300-2400: 
<?iannel 2 ; 19554230- 
Denmart - DR: 0850-1200, 14^1780,'. 
21304200 . T 

EsiDiria - ETV: 1065-1300, 1325-15^ 
flniaiid - Yt£/TV1; 1045-1700; 2100r 
2330; TV2: 1730-1830, 18454100. 
prance -FRS; 10151200, 1Q20-121S, 
Germany - ZDF: 0950-17504115- 

Graaoe - ET1: 0BOQ900, 16301700, 
23000100 ET2 18101945, 20002130 
Hungmy - kfTV/Channel 1; 1207-. 
1237. 21224127; Channtf 2: 22504320. 
ical a nd - RUV; 0655-1100, 1255-1430, ■ 

Italy -RAIOOeSOiaos. 0015-0200; 
RA(3-. 17301800,00100200 
LeMa - LT: 10501300. 19101945, 

LAluaflla - LRT: 10S-1315, 2000 

Cwe m boi o B - CLT:Hl^ilight 8 onevO 
nfng news, 19002000. 

Macedonia - MKRTV/Chaonal 1 : 
08501100, 13501630, 1715-1745,' 
17501830, 18502130; 42302300; 
Channel 2: 08501 1 15, 1 2R-1 460. 1620 
1 600; Channel 3: 1 1 201 330. 1 75541 1 0 
Monaco > TMC/IT: 10001300,. 1550- 
1995. 2t)Q54230. 23454146. 
NeBiai la iida — NOS; 09301725, 1840 

NorwiV > NRK: 0900175a 20000030;'' 

TV2: 18401900. 

Polaod - 7W/PR1: 09501100,1830 
1855.22002330; PR2: HOOISOa 1600 
1725. 190020S6. 00050012a 
PulueM - TV 2 : 23002320: RTP 1 : 

Ro mania - RTVR/Channal 1:1200 
1300, 160O16SD, 19101945, 0030 
01 00; Chennai 2: 1 550163a 20S5-2330. 

Russia - RTO; 11554415. 1550200a>. 

21404200: RTR: 12SO1400.155O17S0. 

SlovMda - STV/SK: 06004830. 0950 

Shwmae - RTVSLQ: 09301435. 17 OO 

^abi - RTVE: 1 0002400; 7VE2:14«- 
i5oa . , • 

SwedMi - Sin-/TV^ 00501200,1400- 
1 SSO. 21 00-2230: Channan : 2000-21 oa 
SwIlBMtand - TSnnSI/DRS: 12^, 

u£Sw >■ dTRU/UTI; . 10501^. 
1430-1530. 1615-1700, 1915-1945, 
00304100: UT2:1450ieSa' ■ 
Elvoapert • 06Q04215,^400«Onti^. 
ous coverage. 


AiMtnBa •- Chahrwi 9 : 2030-Dloa 
NawZealMd - TV1:07a04B0a2l30- 

JiBM - NHK: 22004400 (general); 
1230-1500. 18004630 (satallite>; 1300- 
1500. 19004200 (Hr-VMon): 

Papua New Gulnae - EMTV: 1000- 

GMna - CCIV; 22004400. 

HeiMKoiM - TVB:a4Q04l0a 
SeuA KoiM - KB8: 1430^173a 4145- 
228a 24154145: MBC: 1D0O-130a 
Malqrsla - TVS: 23154015. 

- SBC/Channel 12 24(K^ 

0100 . 

STAR TV/Piima Sparta - 0200463a - 
0900140a 18304500. 


Canada - CTV:0630-060a 1330-1700, 

2000420a _ 

*! “ ^ Ttahr - 088:07004900. 2000- 
2300. 0037-4137; TNT; 1300-1800. ■ 

- TMeviaa: GTOO-HOa 1700- 

I90a Z330-240a 

I Saturday’s Brants 

AH times am GMT 

MpMa swing - Women's downWR. 

. Bohele d « TWii>4nvi'fiifst and second 

CroaeCoimliySIdIng - Men’s 15 kBo- 
matarfraepwauft; 113a 
namsiaittng -jtan’««aeMyle.i80a 
tea ficiefity - Canada vs. siovakia, 
1400;' Italy V& , France, 163a UnitBd 
Stelesvs. Sweden. 1900. 

. NoRBcConMnad - liKSviduW ISWlo- 

netar crosecouniry. 0930. 

Speadaka ilug - Womans SQOmelera, 

isoa:.'.' • 

Saturday’s TV 


Mttineeanloeal ' 

AusMa - or^ 050049sa 0K0-173a 

■ 1800-1845,21404355^ 

BrSaln: ~ BBC1; 1215^. ^T^S■. SBCS: 
0945-1100,20104205. - 

Bulgarte- BNTyChannel1:1200-133Q; 
1700-194S,22054S4S;Chnnel2:l7go- ^ 
174a 20S5-23Sa 0030410a ' 

Crbeto - HRT/TV2: 1640-184a-19S0- 
2146; 00504150 

pypriie r- CYBC: -1715-1745. 2030- 

Caacii RapiMe - CTVy( 2 iannel 1 : 
0915-1330, ' 1945-2016, 23004006; 
Channel^ 145fr173a 21154245. 
naemark - DR:1 050-l30a 4530-1 8oa 
21154145; 00034108. 

BMonla- ETVi l12(H60aiS15-1945. 

Rnland - YLE/TVi: 1110-16(»; TV2: 

Fkmme - FR2 1034-1255, 17201M; 
FR3: (0930-1000 20054085; TP1: 1055- 
1215.2045-2235.. r . 

OanNHy - ZDR - 0050-1730, 2056- 

Graace - 1230-1300, 1515-1700. 

Himgaiy - MTV/Chanhel 1: 1335- 
. 1500, 20054020. Cherihel 2: 1100-1300, 
2230-0050.' • 

IcaMnd ^ RUV;095O-110a 12^140a 
Haly - RAi2:4D354a8a RAI3: 1050- . 

i4oa i73o-iaoa oo3s4iaa 
4 jMs— LT/Channal 1: 1915-1945. 
00304iaa Cbarvwl 2: 1055-1530 
UttwaWa - LRTi 1320-1430, 2130- 

Lunmboiirg — CXTiKgTiSghlsoneve- 
rrir«nev^ 19004000 
Mecertenia - 'MKRTVyc^iannel 1: 
0920-1030 1120-1300. 1355-1630, 
171 5-1 745, -1755-1 845, 1855-2130 
1900 Channel 3; 0860-1135, 1255-1420. 
1755-2145. • . 

Moheob -- TMC/IT! '1045-1400 1745- 
1940 00454245: 

•Mhartanda - N08: 0930-1724. 1840- 

Nonray - MW: 0900-1 BOO 20004400 
TV2: 1845-1900, 21204320 
PMHMl - TVP/PR1: 1210-1400 2200- 
4800 PR2: 1 0Ob-1 200, 1 640-1 8QC, 1 900- 

FPimgat - TV2 23004320; RTP1: 

ftommSi - RTVR/Channal 1: 1150- 
1230. 1915-1945, 2230-2345, 0030- 
.0100 Channel 2: 20554330. 

RuaWa •> Ria 1220-13SO. 21404030 ' 
RTTR: 12S0-1520, 15001700, 21254155, 

StovMde -> S1V/8K: 0G004830. 1020- 

Sfcweiile - RTVSLO: 1030-1845, 1956- 
2015.40454045. . ' , 

Spain - T>^ 1000-2400 
SwedM > 8VT/TV2: 1015-1230. 1330- 
1 430, 20004400 ChwmeM : 1 230-1330, 

^SwUaffW-T- .TSRnSJ/PBS;- 0955- 
2230.. . 

TlilkV - TKT: 1735^815. ^504000 
ijknine - DTRU/UT1:‘112O-1330. 
1615-1845. 19554100 21004100 UT2: 

..Euroaieit 06004240 OIQO-cortttnu- 
cuscovenga. . 


AimIriSa- - Channai 9: 203OO1W. 
tll^Ttrl — ' TV 1 : OTOOOepO 8130- 

Japan - NHK: 2200-Z40Q (general); 
1230-1500. 18003630 (aaMRta}; 1300- 
1500 ‘IS004200 (Hi-Vlalon). . 
pepoa Naie GiAiaa B4TV: 0990- 
1200 22000000. 

CMm -■ CCTV: 21004400 
Hum Kof« > TVB: 24004100. 

SOUS KPraa - MBC; 140 O 1700 0100 - 

' IMnelB ' TV3: 23100015.- 
Slng^era - SBC/Channei 12: 2400- 
0100 . • • 

Stm.TV/PrtnN Speib - 0900-1000 
18304090 02004600. , . 


T' AOttmesMfiST 
Canada - ClV: 0500-0600. 09D0-17QO 

Ui9Mtl TTtalia - CB&1300-1800, 1900- 
2300 23354035. - - 

Mexk» - Televisa: 1100-1400 2200 

MbffiMilon la evWed ty 'tfie tOC, TWV, 
tfw MarnMtermr Haratf TKbuna 


MM g 

® ^ 

The SUliest Winter Sport? Moguls Take the Gold 

By Tony Kornheiser 

L JLLEHAMMER — We wen: standing in the life-mnnbing col^ 
the sQow falfing, and waidnog tbe siogte dumbest Olynpiic 
- niedal 90 it 6W scon nugu] siding. 

On second thcn^t, there U syoebioDized swfaainin& Make uiat the 

angle dumbest Vmter Ofysmio aaeda] ^oit 

.tlKmogulcvent goes luce this: A skier stands at the t(n 01 anui, 
looking down at a course podxd wiA anall mafl-made oOIs called 
moguls. The course leseml^ the bottom ade of a waffle iron. 

At a dva sigi^ ~ in tl^ case, appropiiaidy eaioudii 8 receding 

of a rooster cromng — ibe skto ■ i 

takes off down the hDl. bouncing ifanf-sMA « 

through the moguls Hke an *82 Sko- 

da with bad sh^ absotbas. i*Oint 1 

But it’s no straight shot down. . ; 

There axe two mandaitny jumps in the middle the course, and once 
you axe tirixme you are jud^ for style on the nmip. There are 
different Jung>s» like the “daf5^ and ihe ’’cossadc.” The idea is to get 
as high in ihe air possible and do as many tridts up there as posaUe 
— Hke spnaSngyrarsI^ out wide to the side, or twisinganKind like 
a pretzd. MogiSen like to say. *t3o big. or go htHne." It’s like, ub, 
tTs, nOy cool, dude. 

So the time fTwifes it a things And the jumps make it a stjfle 

ibrng Put togathm, ii is hardly anything. 

To coake it even niore MTV-ish, a disk jodc^ introduced the sideis. 
And the skhn shoot down the xnountais to bming rock ’n’ ndl that 
cc^ beheara in Stockhobn. 

It's tbe worn of aD worlds. It's bad enough tbau like so many oiber 
bogus Winter Olympic emus, you don't actually race against petfile, 
you race against a dodL But your lime doesn't win it for vou. No, you 
bve to be Ribjectivdy jodgn and those pomes are added to your 

You'ie judged once for style — bow goofy you lode during these 
mzz^s. And ihen again for “air.” Yes, for ‘*air.'* That’s Hang Time. 
Wow! Somebody idl Midiael Jordan to quit this nonsense with 
baseball, and try nioguls. He can be the Hen^l Walker of Nagano. 

Each run takes about 30 seconds, a perfeci length of nme for the 
audience tbeYie aiming at — someone with tbe attendon span of a 
baro owL And to mai» it more like a game show, because you hate 
this unwieldy combiiiatioa of time, style and air Figuring into the 
scoring, you never know who wins undl a computer t^ you. AO the 
while the music is blasdng, and the crowd is whooping, and the 
Olyminans are flying about like trained s^. 

Mojmls isn’t a spon, it’s an amusement park iid& 

And if you tlunk moguls is daft, wait tin next week when they run 
tbe other cranpement under the freestyle umbrdla: agnak that's 
really shcmyniig mall stuff — going (df jumps and doing loqp-de- 
kx^ I bdieve sldets get shot out td a cannon in aerial& 

And now they’re sayn% they want sld ballet to be a medal sport 
Some ddos wore ydlcw armbands to protest tbe ladt of ski ballet (I 
cou'dered uttaiizm an fce-blue annband to prtHesi the ladt of ballroom 
dning and the lack of heat in my room.) “Irs a shame that some of the 
best athletes m the United States couldn’t come,” said tbe sQver-medal 
mQguUst Liz McIntyre. She also said of her mqgul iizD Wednesday, and 

I’m rpinring diiectiy here. *’1 did a daffy twister and a double twister, i 
l iiinV the douUe twister could have bm a liule deaner.” 

Ski ballet! 

gonna judge that, Twyle Tomba? 

Watching tlK moguls remindra me that every outdoor sport here is 
nuts. Only a self-destructive maniac would participate. 

Think aboui it. 

Moguls, aeriab —leaping into the air and doing whirligigs on skis, 
whai are you, nuts, you could break ymir bead. 

Sld jumping — p^pabty insan e, on the charts. 

Downhill — gomg strai^t donn ibe mountain, are you kidding 

Bobsled — you think that tin crate is going to save you? 

Luge — 00 your back, ou a pie plate at 12S kilcaDeters an hour, 
good luck. 

Biathlon — tbey’re using real buUeLs, 

Cross-country —doctors say that at subzero temperatures tbe fme 
ftliera in yew lungs can Inmi up and severely damage your pulmonaiy 

^lem; this is Norway: subzm is a beat wave. 

C«ne to think of it. the indoor sports here are dangerous, too. 
^)eed ^ting. you’re flydng around tu rink, and the blades of those 
skates are as Ug as saws. If you faQ, you can ^ce your own leg off. It's 
like playing diidcen with a guiSoUDe: 

In tbe pairs skating, the women are so tiny and birdlike, and tbe 
men are so suo^ it's like tte hammer throw; some beefy type could 
unsuspectingly uiiig bis partner into Lake Mjosa. 

Those hod^ players are some sly dogs. 

Thors is the smest sport in tbe Vinter Olympics! 

2 Sports Join 
List for V8 


and women’s bodny will the 
’Wmer Otymnes in 199g. Snow- 
boah^ and “skdeton" may be 
. there; toa. But forget abmit almost 
eyvyddng dse. 

*^¥0 dim’t see much for tbe Win- 
ter Gmnes we coiild add,” said Gil- 
bert FeOi, qports director for tbe 
Internatic^ Olyngttc CoBsnihtee. 
. Siw have suggest^ moving in- 
door spoils hke bomo& vblto^ 
and gynmutics to uie Wmter 

flatwat lrtfrim ry inadaHhe.^iiB- 

mer (Syoqnc. 

No "wy, says the IOC 

“The Wmicr Olynipics arc coly 
for qiorts on snow and ice," the 
lOCs presideDt, Juan Antonio Sa- 
maranch, rdterated diis week, 
ed^g tbe Winier Games charter. 

At least two new sports are 
nbuined for the Games in Nagano, 
J^apan. fcair years from now. 

Af ta decades of trying to get on 
tim pTicrama Slid savnK as a dem- 
mistnt^ ^poit in 19 m and *92, 
cmi^ finally succeeded in gami^ 
me^ status. For the unumiated. 
it’s sort Of a combinatiem of bowl- 
ing aoqoet and sweejwg on ice. It 
is hot bong played at thw (Kynt- 

The other new qxwt at Nagano 
win be wemen’s ice hockey, with 
six teams — half as large as tbe 
meoL’sSdd. . 

If any sp^ has a chance to get 
added.: it no;^ be snowboarding. 
If Salt Lake. City, Utah, to the 
soowboardrcrasy wesMn United 
States is )»dEed as tbe sKe for the 
2002 Ga^ — il’s.ocmsideied the 
favorite snowboarding oould 
make dw list 

Another possible additsem is 
skdetoo hige upside down and 
badcwaid. Participants lie chest- 
down, face-first on their sleds, inr 
stead of toex Gist on their badcs. 

Jam nmde a joint reque^ to add 
to tte pre^ram and pros- 

S are good, since no additional 
ties would be needed. 

Dave Kurtz, the leader of the 
U.& bobdeddas and a former 
monber ^ the national deefeton 
team, is caovinoed it’s a sure thing 

Tm absohue^ confident,” he 
said. “Therms no doubt die IOC is 

Omcaak are looking for w^ to 
get more use out of bob and luge 
naSr like thie 530 nuBkat facility 
coDStnicted near LUldiammer, 
Kurtz said Eovinmmentel coo- 
cems are raismg the cost OToa 

:C;v§.-i Av' . •: 

.£ !v-. { ! /( • 

y .A. ‘ 2- • 

* A- '..o'. .:jA 


■ I’i" V t " ■ •«. • . 


•0 / *%, 
i / 

Han* Dent nir Aoiicaicd PRti 

Patrik Jnidni became entas^ witb Fiance's goahender, Michel Valfiere. altfaoug^ Sweden had no traoble advanemg to tbe qnaiterGnals with a 7-1 romp. 

U.S, Ties Canada, Swedes Gain Quarters 

The Assoetaini Press 

Stales laffied hte in the tbuti period for 
the third strain time in the Olympic ice 
hockey tomnaineat, getting a gi^ by 
Todd Maichant with & seoDods remah^ 
ing to tie Can^a, 3-3, on Thursday. 

After booncing bade with two ^lals in 
the third period against both France and 
Slova^ the Amoicans only needed one 
this time. But thw needed a dramatic 
penalty shot save ^ goalie Garth Snow 
and ihim waited until tbe last wtinute lo 
score the game saver. 

After ae Unitod States had palled 
Snow in the final minnte, Fabian Joseitii 
was sent off for bookmg witii 48 seconds 

Darid Roberts, at the blue line, fed 
Mardian^ vrtio wristed a rimt past Cana- 
da's goalie, Ccxey Hiisch, atm sent tbe 
Amencaos into an oo-ice edebretton. 

Tire draw was still good eno^ topm 
the Canadiaos into tire meddrofmd.Tnigr 
had beaten up on lightly r^arded Italy (7- 

2) and Fiance (3-1) in their first two 

The Canadian!; appeared to have the 
gazxre w(» whes Dwayne Norris scored his 
second goal of the game 1 : 1 6 into tbe third 
period to break a 2-2 tie. Norris, who 
scored at 4:46 of the first period to give 
tbe Canada the lead, came across tbe btaie 
line and blasted a riap shot from tbe right 
ireint that beat Snow on the stick si^ 
Canada had to rally itself afio* falling 
bdiind, 2-1, in the seond period, when it 
was outsfaot. 12-S. 

Sweden 7, France 1: In Qovik, Sweden 
used its hi^powered offense to rout 
Hanoe and cihnch a quarterfinal berth in 
the hotkey tournament 
Roger Hansson had two goals and one 

assist and tbe Swedes scored three times in 
16 mbnites to start the game. Toning Salo 
got the save, stopping nine of France’s 10 
shots. Sweden bra 47 shots on goaL 
The second-seeded Swedes (2-0-1) have 
semed at least four goals m e^ of three- 

games. Th^ also tied 9ovakia, 4-4, and 
defeated wmless Italy, 4-1. 

StiD to come are their Lousiest games — 
against the United States and Canada — 
before the rive-game prdiminary round 

The lOlh-seeded Frendi (0-2-1) have 
faltered tince a 4-4 tie with the United 
Stases in tbe qrener for both teams. They 
lost, 3-1, to Canada. 

The Swedes didn’t waste time pounemg 
on French goalie MSchd VaDiere with three 
({Didt goals. Hansson's first came JS sec- 
onds mto the gam^ the puck 

around a fallen VaDiere after two rebounds. 

Hakoo Loob, who played for Calgary in 
the National Hockey League, picked up 
the puck in the far corner or the right 
ciide and maneuvered around VaUioe to 
score when tbe goalie sprawled on his side. 

Peter Foisbecg. touted as the woricTs 
best young player, gpt his first goal of the 
tournament on a ^ve-and-go freun Hans- 
son that beat Valhere on tbe glove side feu 

a 3-0 lead. Forring assisted on a third- 
period goal 

9oTdda 10 hdy 4: Slovakia stayed 
unbeaten in its first Olympic hockey tour- 
nament since gaining independence, scor- 
ing six goals mtfaen^ 14 mimites. 

Miroslav Satan had three goals and Pe- 
ter Siastny, Zigmuod Pal^ and Roman 
Kontsek two each. Slovakia (1-&-2) is ex- 
pect^ to make the quarterfinals 
playing Canada and France in its remain- 
ing prdimmary 

Italy, which Fuiished in last place in the 
1992 Olyn^ics, has been ODtacored 21- 

7 and outshot by 1 17-55 in losing its first 
three games. Thursday’s loss virtually 
ended its quarterfinal diances. 

In its first two games, Slovakia blew 
leads of 3-2 against Sweden and 3-i 
against the United States. But tbe Italians 
were no match for Slovakia, pan of 
Czechoslovakia until Jan. 1, 1993. 

Tbe Slovaks scored on three of thdr 
First four power plays. 


•' / • 









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S: S wi k— GkiAoGlwva, RuaUo 
B: Mokle Roamer, Italy' - - 

9: Lvub0«r Eoarwa, Ruolfr 
S: Momieta Dt ConfOr Italy 
Bs MarlyUtaP KlrvoEHooS . 

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9: E. Gerdeovo and & -AtakML.Auirts 
S; H. wiWitaittanok enr A. Dmititav, ttaaEo. 
B: I, Braatair and I- EI$lar,.5nado 

g: TbouMB Atasaotk Nonm 
S: Btartt OWdta itorovr- 

b: Mtas Awnyio, pmioiMi. - 

9: Goora Hauet.OwiMoy. 

S; iWBffcW 4*^ 

B; AraUn ZesSMWf Itaftr 

G: MMoonSr GoIhMv/ RasMa ; 

ii swpti icloyawiyw y*Q 

B; Monabu Merit 

saimec* MtOLTs 

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6: Tonu pv 

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i- 6«wwd1taaMflM»Canodn 

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B; aoula Rltanw MtlwriBunr 


L MiartuE VKBsbeIw* Ce Inaar. 


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6, Afta Staordol. ttar- 


l-SW; •• PnOKO. I:JSW h 

OwinllMrMQder;AuslTta,l:3US: ia Moren 
Honnb SEl l ifland, t:3US • 

11, Armin Anlnner, Aixfricu iduv 1Z 
Lone Kluk NorMoy, 1 dUB; Q. Jonm L» 
• MW 1d«jp; l&.P«tar tamonaldlM-, Italy. 
1-J44«i U. .Malta VWdM, naty;i:Mtf; V. 
Qin(MtiePtaFnma.VJ«50: 10, Paata Joar- 
' timswdan latsu yt, 7 otko HaUmon, Sww- 
dEv 1:SUt; SOI, H« KiHua. Auatita 10U& 

: 7LHmlDtraTeuKiHriGarnNnr,l£li7liaz 
'■aaLtaWKElMTS: MOary MtOonOonedE 
. lAM'SPnRStaMrtntaSHedBvtisiMiaL 
erioD Stanaita Canada, VCSASHs W. Doom 
V tafc LladilanaMn, kasai; ao. MlHo Kune. Sto- 
vinta. iriSiSi 'SR. JeraM Kobw. SIomM. 

vJSMi m AniM PWatfikla Kuoata. l:asak 
■ Tl lilfTilni nilfmi mwira I TTTSnT llilrr 
. a BoachaLUacMontaBi. 1:SM8; 3S, Klmta 
■aba Kkniira, Japan, \Mlty Bm- ' 

ixiolPifin,. taasta, >.SUO; & Lvutaomir 
PonoM. Butanri* itaTJni Sl» Lola CrWoM. 
Spain. l:VGl; V, Tom Huenol. Australia, 
-10744; as, Javhr.UBthWSPMiw l:WSO; w, 
-Vieanta TMnoi, Snain, t ixaz; A MDn Mop- 
. ita. PlettML l:3LK 

' ' 4i,VMiranPavM(,OrBQ0iairJ85i;43Mv^ 
naa;Aadami, itSSSl; 44 Goninf ESCBdoiAiy 
'dam.'1dU7; 44 AttUa Benia. Hunoorv, 
10USJ 4WRanM ltamlkJUidariwi:«U5r 
47,iUadi RMte CMo, itrt.n,' 4ft g OB M 
Boguo. AraaMtaW 1:4141: Jutlan CooMUM, 
’Hm, ONP? Rancor » —■««■ BrlMn, MF; 
'SanH Loses, Andocni, ONF: Fedartae Von 
DiMr; Araannin, ONP; sum vn.RvtaMk 
TNew ZMteiKL DNP; nNs Limfaera. CMta 
DNFf .bnrsosMMtrtM, PorfMoL DNF.. 


jutrsisinLOiAeTERS— LNaraPeSiiic. 
Norwny,M adnatita,3ft1 seeendBi.ftVtadlinir 
' eflft ItatW MS4U: 4. MIkMn Bolvbww, Ruoafa, 
MiSftS; ftSMw Styer ta aiu Neraov. S4-J7jj 6 , 
■ MbeNMtfls,fMana.3StoU:7.voamuu^ 
yrnHerwomSSiesa: ftSftito Peimr. Italy. 
asdisirftHanf KbvasnfEHirfenianda5:ia2: 
W, Alab Stadtabar. AMMO, 3S^ 

11 , jodiM BMdRganMH!K.2seMX' U, jot 
ResBwn, FMondiSSina: 13 Andrei lannaw. 
•Rusda rS'.Au; ift Jon OUeSMo, amedan. 
SSU»: iftGforatavanccita, itatr,S5'.4l,1; ta: 
Httotal ivanav, RnaWeksb tf:4U; if, Je- 
. Mm MuaMags, Gnmanr, SiSftd; 1ft VtadL 

mlr Laeolln, Riasta.ssuaA; ta. dirieter Mol- 
tMoefc. Sweden, SS-jUs at ame 
P rakownraw, R uati n . 45:554. 

4L Jeramioa WIgeer, Mlaertancb asoSAi 
4ft Potrld: RMoy, Pranew 45:S7A: 3ft Jarf 
tsemetsa PbiMd, 4i:0S5; X TUemos Ai»- 
umrft Horeoy, 41:074: 2ft KOnoarf SBsafcL 
Jenna 44:14.1: 3ft Liibomir Budtta, Cxadi 
RepuMta. 2041; 37. Tpmy Mogna Sno- 
daa 35:417: 3ft Victor Komotckl. BEonn. 
34:344: 3f, PoMa vatauea Italy, 35:342; 3ft 
NKM Janaaon, s«»edMk 36:374. 

SLMHeueHorleomft jopEi.35dft2; SftTar- 
oU Rain. GaniMy,ta:3&7.- 3ft EMwieawta 
eEenta,34:404;KPavel MebMw,KnoK>i- 
staa 34:414: 3ft joeft «taft estonle. 34:42J: 
14 rincinaiVfrnwfci runnln irnnilT fin 
dm Neneroft KanUElaa34:4S4: 3ft near- 
doB Panovoft Uttaianta. 37, PfiinpM. 
SanUMs. Pranoft 34U74: 4ft HlravuM imeL 

41,Todd Bgonetra. UnHadS*etaft34:5&3; 4ft 
Urmae Voetaft Estonlaasuftl; 4ft Ivon B» 
tarv, Slowida 34:587; 4ft cerlea Vleanta. 
Saata. 27nn4: 4ft Jam' AWbara UniM 
Stidaft 27taL3; «, Ham DWbehn. 5wK»r- 
MamdOiv 47, Juan Joes GuUarrec. Spam, 

27:044; « OloUMn OuHea SwfteHend, 

37:0fti: 4ftDony BMiUiard.oandeb 27:094: 
5ft Dmiel loetanft 37:097. 

51, Atahony Evm.Aaalrana 370197: Sft Ban 
HisM^ IMM StateftZTnU; a VMMMStav 
PMaunmr. Betaras, 37:13.1: 5ft SMnW 
AaMAre. PraKft 371 Ui; S& Markus HoMar, 
UedUaMlaliv37:1&l: SftSkSm Wikeni&Cra- 
uHa, 37:174; 57, Jorrt mbft Spam, 27:314: Sft 
Loke BodaraMnor. iMM meats, aimjn sft 
Vadctv Konito Codi RapuBne, 2PJ&4: 4ft 
Vdtwkn Asdanondea S wH M fMd. 37:274. 

OBoUmm. BotanM. 27:394: 4ft CMIe VSNet, 
Franca. -27:304: 6ft eoba Horft, Oomwrfft 
37:3(4; is, MmsI BoAft QmU RaauWft 
' S7.'fltart( Gray, Auftraiia. 27;si4; (ft ooM 
Bolam, Bt1tata,3fclft2; Sft Slavetn Todorav 
BoMfcov. Bidsalft affiU; *70. Serael Ow 
Moamieu, Belerus. Mrtftft 

led Beae Is coaabtaalkn of Tlw m Iay V WK 
roea ead TowSsrs IK ran) — l, Lyveov 
Caotaw, Rwrta, 41 mUwleft 3fti seoenta 
Wsau. UMJiii % meiomo oi CMiia, ;iwr, 
41UU Ctolftft 14:314); ft Stafenta BE- 
mondft ))iftv4S:2L} (V;P.l, id:S4J»: ft tn- 
nsn UuHmi. Aieetai 4S:3ft4 (37:Sft4, 
44:4«U; ft Kina GwvrtaA, Riaeia. 42:347 
(37054. 15:014)1 ft Katatirto NaunMntiowft 
Ooai Rpoutallft 43:494 (0:304 14!4»JU: 7, 
TruO# Ovbendcmb NoPMOy, tX:02X 

I4:4ftfl): ft' Anita MeEV Mor««y, 43AI4 
I2S743ZWJyj;;ftAiitafilii e Ord l na ir w id fl ft 

43:3LS US:32ft 14:794): ift Saphle VUle. 
name. Ftmot. 43:344 I3i:SSt. I5;3I4;. 

n, SyMa Henegoar. S wIUerlend, 43:387 
(3:174. 15:214): 1ft EDn NUsaa Norwnv, 
43»OA (30:404,3:034): IftMarto-LMao KU- 
vMtaemi, MEoaft 43:574 (SfdIA 14:3*4>: 
Ift Mn ta ario ta RucMdo. Paftnd, 4H577 
I3Smi7, 15:074); IftPlrkln Mootto. Mnlontt. 
41:01.1 (29:WLLl4tfl4);)ftPw » l>o A e)aJa- 
pon,44:aft4 (1I;374,1SMI4); )7,Attacte Hsw- 
ran ia wvu,SlPWlda,44t)00 nO:3ftftlS:474): 
1ft o nbrielta Pmsi, italv. Mntf (3i:5ft9. 
15:314): 19. Oa oMa i n MaeaUdno, Runta. 
44iSL7 09A7. UMMU 2ft Irtm T uitaMWfc ft 
Ukrataft 4<:«3 (2fdMft 15;4ftM. 

3ft MBHul Mia, Finland, 44:413 (37:02. 
15:054}; 3ft aanwdelta Boeefe, Poland. 
44»u (39:117.15:474): Sft Boibara Meltler. 
Swtiaarimd.4S:lft3 (30:174, TSOftiU M Uf 
beraira B«daaa«n, ShiwO O a, 4SA1 (W:05.l, 
15»0); 35, Amo-LEB Prnaen. tawdan. 
SSOtiS (3f :4Sft 15S0): Sft PIral NiOM Bs- 
taMft 0:414 (Stalftft 15094); 27. KrisHiM 
SnOeua. eatonla.OO»4 OOiUft iS-AUfl Sft 
Dantta Kwmv, Polend, 46:014 (29:S7A 
WOCfl); Sft AnWIta EvoMBon Swedan, 
46:114 OO-Jftft 15*454); Sft laobella Remv, 
Praneft «»S OtiUtiA U:314). 

an. Niaa Kenwo. UnlM SMes, 46:314 
(30O7JklS:444):3ftLalleTliempaen. United 
SMb. 4(:SU aO*.3Zft 16:004): 33, ivota Zo- 
ammo. Cam MpuHIc. 46:407 (30:357. 
)«.'1S0>: Sft 8lce MoRatla ikriy. 46:0) 
(313Kl>ism4)i mToHane HunkewLSIan- 
kia. 46AD aoasA udM): 3ft Sumito Yfr 
kewm. JopM 46:367 (30:36ft U:3ft0): 37. 
Am FiUMofL Seedea 4(A1 OImS-L 

01:13). )5MMD; 3ft sne S eSi wai' . StaRor- 

MftJnW (3I:B74,)(:lM}|-4ftjBrafl)pveBuh- 
yolavw ae v odu. 47:3ftS (31 Aft MAS). 

16:314): O, CitaW IMMfft Estonia. 47:404 
OfJSX iSsSuSi O Irkip K ertec Bn Nlkid- 
tfiMo. Bwtoarta.47:4ft6(S1.'0S4.16!414); 4ft 
Maram.VBndnuft Obcd RepuWIft 47:514 
01dl.ft UA4): 4& Ludndki Dlda)a«a. Bo- 
)enis.47rt&9 15:574): 4ft Silio Sidla. 

E3Mta.40A3 <3l;5ftft l6.H7jn: 47. COrofi 
StaMsteTbPranCft 48:104 (33:034. ICOSM; 
m. otetti dPkna KooMutaft 4S;))4 
I31A4. 16:400): 4ft EIeip PBrolnon. Be* 
taraft 4SSU4 mnu, usxm! 9l inorM 
Bulls. HidtadSWofc 40:3 m (3a:8ftft)6!3ft0). 

' 5L Jasmbi Bonmin. Sarltaertaaft 49UI92 

amAi7diun:ajana ABtomOeui Rt* 

pabBerW;460 (333174. )6:374)»SftEI«naT<lwr. 

nobavft HBmnrtUft4r.5U (SRSftft M:3BW; 
bsof HoWielMrawefvNernay.eMS,* T^dW 
PyOem Ptaund ONS.- SwMbm Namekftota 
BaWbft DNS; MoWlo SMWnwis. KokMon. 
DNS; HnOne Nowak, POMft DNS; loeta Kra- 

uolft Latvia. DNS: Elana SUdcevndi, Bohvuft 
ONF; KcfTin Peity. iMNm Slalew DNP. 

Vtaachenka. Latvia. 104: 23. DUn Quottroa- 
eorft South Africa, US; Sft Aatvonder Mur> 
eslika,Beicrus.lU: SftMareusHemllft Esto- 
nia 124. 



yroNISNY ftioa METERS — 1. SvstMB 
Baboneva Russia 4 minutaft 1743 ssconds; 
PeUBfeO). EamMnr,4;)a34; 4 LWbnbe Pro* 
koNwva K uiii kl Bt ea 4:lfJ3: ft A nn am ort e 
Thomaa Nemerlanda4:1«4i; 6. SelftD HasM- 
mota. Japan, 4:3147: 7. HUnml Vanwmata. 
jopo). 4:33137: ft Mlhewla Dosab. Roananla 
1IL MIM Ooosawera, Jopoa 4:2577. 

)L Teiwy Da Jana Hetherlondi. 4:2SJl; ift 
Tattaao TnMezMkewOi Ansta. 4:2743; ift 
emaae ampL Austria 4:3771: 14 Ins rid 


maw. 4:2043; Ift Ewa Juaiyna W Mlew naa 
Pniena4dB46: D.CaraaateMerriabrth:,Mne- 
nio4:3»4l : 1ft EHsobetta PtUa ilalv.idZM.- ift 
Angels Zuefcarmaa United Sbdaw 4:33JN; 3ft 
josmbi term, Swedaiw 4:3341 
2i.a ir lst li i e S M i ea tft United SWHes.4:3114; 
32, Chamat BolWy. Unrted au M 4:3«44: Sft 
Bob Een-Cft Seuth Korea 4:3446: 3ft KOM 
Msb Spngfcaneva KeankbeMn, 4:4546; 3& 
Hondo LusftLotvia4:4745; Gundo NIemenn, 
Ganranv. DSO; EMo BNcL iiiiiv. DSD. 


X 8 a»e da n 



United smtea 





Aleml urmensv. Ruasta, 04 safaris: % Elvit 
stetka Canada )4; ft PfiMnpe Cendoterft 
Fmcft 14: ISeaH Dtaria. IMMSWEftU; & 

Otto Tataarw, RussiA 24; ft Eric MHkft 
Frencft 34; 7, Steven Cou s ins. Britain. U; B. 
Brian Boltm. IMIed SiWSft 44; ft vmor Pe• 

11, Mnaokazu Kagivom a JosEi, S4: 12, 
KiirlBfWMnkiaCormria64: l3.NUdnsl Tvl- 
MBaDannwfc.64; 14 leor Poflfeevlefa, Rua- 
sta. 74: 15, WUUias l Shmerkfai, Israel, 74: 1ft 
Na Mh Zlwift CRina and Come) (ineorWta, 
RemeMaB4i 1ft Junp Suno-U. Soom Korea, 
*4; 1ft AtartafrCrisnwi Neareo.ReineMa94i 
20. Steslien Carr, Australia KUL 
21. 11a FunRiUeORawa Japan and Andfai 

»Plnland 3 0.0 6 13 1 

Germoiiv 2 1 0 4 6 s 

RUBla 2 I d 4 14 7 

Czam ROPuMlc 3 I 0 4 y 6 

Aialrta 0 3 0 0 7 30 

Norsny o 3 o o 3 ii 

Group B 

w L r pta 6P GA 
X S we de n 2 0 i 5 15 6 

»Canade 3 0 ) S U 6 

Skwokki 1 0 3 4 17 II 

United states 0 0 3 3 ie » 

France 0 3 i i 6 u 

Italy 0 3 0 0 731 

x-odyoncBd ta quortarfinato 

TUersdavT ftiErils 
Slevakla ift Italy 4 
Sweden 7, Franca 1 
Comoo ft unHad Stales 3 
sieyakki 6 3 i-m 

iMv 3 1 I- 6 

Pusi serio»-l, SfovaUd, Remon Konr- 
aakJpp). 2. siovtaila Reman Kaniaak lOto 
HOicPk);ftS)0i«MD.MIresleysatsn (Raosri 
Syefalft Roben Pelravickv); (spi.ftStowoMa 
Paler Stnuy, ft Stavokta, Miraskiv Soloi 
(BnmUov Janas, RebertPetravIckv); ft Slo- 
tfoklaZleniiind Polffy. italy.Ludo Toaotlsn 
MoiUiPBvIu (Round RanHMr,Voito5ecr» 
KnfJ; PenaWes -Wourltta Monsi, rta (Intef- 
(erooee): Murm Sincrckik, 5vk (heWIngli 
Uib^r SefaEiB. Svk (nooKtae); Vale So- 
croHnl, Ita (hlsMtlcking): Slekn Ftallusi, 
Ita (Uoidtae); ReOer;Staiita,&id( inuoMiiw). 

second setod— 7. StavaUft ziemiind PaH- 
fv.(sii). 1ft Italy, Jimmy Ceinaeoia(sii). i). 
Slawkta. Jezel Donn (Peter Stoatny, Zip- 
Riimd PoHfv): (pp). 13, SlovaUa Peter 
Staktay (Jonf Dona Ztomund PolHv): Pen- 
MHes— Robert Pelreuicky.Svk.ilouble-iiilner 
(brierfarm. reuoMnal.* ouirtan Smeraok, 
Svk (roughtao), VeUBSacFOrinL Ho (raueta 
ins), Relend RenMaer, iip (ravstdne;; Bn^ 
no ZanrUta, ita (ataPitaol: Uielo TenatHeli. 
Ita (hIMi-stIcUna). 

TbUtt pcfied 1 ft Sterakto. Mlroaiav Satan 
(Brafdslav Jonoa Robert Pctravicky): H II- 

eiv.McMrtstaMmi Panalltes—Amnonv ar- 
esHL Up (Intertaranea).- Mfavstev MnraMia 
Svk lliderfarenca): MaurUe MonsL Ita 
(aiaMna); Marian Smerekik. Svk (liigii- 
nicklnp): Rbberl SveMaSvk Ihleh-stleklnB). 
suotion tOM-Stevokla 14*-I7— M. Italy 64- 
ft>)ft GoaSes-SlavWda Jaramlr Dranon ( 10 
4 anvos); David DeHtaD nrai, 3^26>. 
Prswea 0 1 0—1 

SvEdM 3 2 1—7 

Ftrst parta^l. Swedan, Roear Honasen. ft 
Sweden. Hokon Laob (Fradrik Stillman); x 
Snidaii. Paiar Farabara (Rooar Insisran); 
PanoUiea— Cnrbiapna villa Fra umidbial. 

sacand aarled *, S v w aa a Raoar Honaaen. 
35. 5, SwodraSiaten ornskoajpp). ft France. 
Brie Lnmarqualapl. Permitiee— Franck Po- 
lomfowskli Fra (ebaraftig;; Antaliia Rtenar. 
Pra (Moklnai; Ctirlatlan Due B ata. Swe 
Ihoellng): LaH Rnhlla Sw« (IntarfersAca): 
Benalt LOPerta. Fra (irish-sNddne): Sla- 
phene BottarL Fra ( Irtppine) : Magnus Svana- 
san. 5 m« (DiaiHltakbiet. 

Tldrd perled— 7, Swcdea Roger Johmsen 
IHIklOS Erlksteat; lap), ft Swedan. Frsdrik 
EiHmon (Jem BarskvOl. Peter Fonbw w ); 
PenoUtee— Jonra Berskvlsb Swe (irlppuiel,' 
Bruno Saunter, Fra (imMlnp); Amaud Brlona 
Pra (hooklne); Paklk juMUlSwo, mbHr-nv> 
tor.oaryed fay aortas BorelwHUbuHUiftmis- 
condudi: Ftarrlck Mala Fra laitartaranrai. 

Ttsitiiw e i w l rron rrllT Ull i urflr n n 
17-1?— C.BwHIlli nuiii4.Mldtelvautara(1T 
Esris, ID sovest. S woc Rft Tommy Solo (100). 
Canada l i i— 3 

uoitad Stales i a i— a 

FhW pyrtad ), Cnnaag. Owovna Norrts 

(Brian S ava Todd Warrfaiar): Panoitles- 
^taffrey Lseora USA (GTsacbBCklnp); 
Barm Riditar, USA {rauauim); MoitMw 
Maribt USA (bDordlng)i Jofan LIliev. USA 
(staSMiis) David Hdilock, Con (hooking) 
Bred weranka cv (dating). 

Sacaod pcrted-ft united Staiaa Brtan re- 
Sion (David SaccaDOvM Rebarta): ft United 
Stoteft Brfam Roistan (Mori! Baoutair, DovM 
Robem); (ppi. 4 Canada Peter N«dv«e 
(peraRy s»r;; P anew tes Ken Levsfai. Con 
(higiwelleking): David HarkidL Can (hoW- 
MO); CfM Forkft Con (erespcnaefehia); 
BraH Hauer, USA (eress-Gweklne). 

Third perlod-& Conete pwoyite Norrift 1 
(MiRed States. Tedd Marchant (Dovta Rea 
ertsi; (pp). Penomes— Brian Reteioa uSA 
irnhUnol; Pater NOdved, Con (haoklng): Fa- 
blon Josepti, Con (hoefetag). 

Shota on ewni miMMfti 1i-«-t3-31 United 
Stotea g-l3-«-3ft Mteaad PaMitv Shot— Greg 
JaUbsen. Caa 3rd. CeaMai Catada Carey 
Hlrsch (30 shets. ta sovkI. United Stafea. 
Gath Sitew 1379). 








































' un 



























■ w 
' w 








Page 20 



SceneU, Takes I and H of the Harding-Kerrigan0s^^ 

By Ian Thomsen 

/n/OTwimna/ Herald Tnivne 

HAMAR — “Nancy? Tonya? Quirt you two. 
I need your full attention. 

“Here’s the routine for your fint dual (rain- 
ing sessions. We're going to walk through (bis 

UBirsiiay, Feh 17, 1:23 PJVf. - Nancy Kerri- 
gan arrives at preetice rink 

“Nancy, you’ll be coming in first No, Tonya, 
you won’t be coming in with Nancy. We 

the two of you apart for a while. We let the 
tension buikL build, build, yes? We let it build 

and we make it ours. 

“Here’s the situation. This is the rust public 
meeting between the two of you since the attack 
on Nancy Jan. 6 in Detroit It’s a small practice 
rtok and it’s going to be mobbed «atb 1 don't 
know how many media people. They’re so 
hungry for this theyll start arriving seven hours 
before, two hundred, three hundred of them 
packed-in maybit and more TV cameras than 
the president sees. So makeup, ladies, don't 

forget, lipstick and mascara. And Tonya: Easy 
on mascara, aD f^t? 

“Nancy, you’re gr^g to be wearing the sane 
white lace outfit you had on when Tonya’s pal 
whacked you. Honey, when you come in 1 don't 
want anyone in front of you. The cameras are 

^ 10 flash all over you and you're genng to 
.prgeous, like a ^ her wedding day. 
predous and vulnerable. As for Tonya, let’s see, 
Tonya is goug to wear . . . hoL No wardrobe 
plan for Tonya. How did that happen? WdL 
just wear whatever you want Sure, black 
gtngs. floral top, that’s fine. Just stake sure it's 
garish. You kiiw: cheen.” 

1:% P.M - Toqya nir&ig arrives at pra^ 
rice rink 

“No, Tonya, you cannot come m with Nan- 
cy. Because Nan^ comes in alone, that's why. 
Because 1 have other plans for you. Pictuie this: 
Nancy’s out on the ice, spnining and l;*««gtiing a 
flower in the breeze, just enjoying herself, and 
then yon come in. Na I wouldn’t exactly char- 
acterize you as a flower, t^tfa ym Tm thinking 
more along the lines of Sonny Liston. 1 see you 

in the middle of (his entourage, with this big 
bald guy pushing throt^ the crowd ahead of 
you sM you b<Mdg bis hand, taking these little 
raby steps toward the ring. Rink. Did I say 
rin^ I memii rink. 

“Anyway, you pidl off your purple fleece 
jacket and what are you wearing but a purple 
USA Olympic sweatshirt. You imow, nauniuig 
iL Tooya, sK^ intemipting me: Tonya. Tonya. 
Na Tonya, you cannot come in with your arm 
around Nancy. Because Nancy comes in alone. 
OJC„ I win ask her. Nancy, do you warn that 
Tonya should come into the link irith her ana 
aroiaid you? Did you see that Tonya? T!^ 
looked like a Ann shake of the head ro me.” 
1:40 PJM. to 2:10 — Nancy and Totqrt 

share ice 

“This is where you're each praeticiog your 
long program. Nancy, you're skating to the 
Bofiicm Pops or something IQte that That’s 
perfect Tonya, you’re skating to . . . Juras- 
sic Park. That's riso perfect 
“Nancy, you need to look like you're really 
trying. You’re o^ng to make the best of a 

terrible atuadon. Think of it like you're at a 
cocktail party and you’re landing too hard at 

evoythihg. trying to malm it work. Everyone 
: to that. 

belying and iber^Q be tha riro of 
you, faring moddiL baffcL 

can rekte ' 

“Tonya: You are nervous. Throu^iout this 
wh(^ mess you’ve been portraying yonrself as 
somrthing of avk^but nowyou’reon theke 
with the real victim, and the wbirie wt^ is 
gcpiriniTing you. She is allowed to lau^ it off. 
and you are not For the Hrsi rime you’re, 
realizmg who the vicrim lealfy is. How. are you 
supposed to act? Seoririve or tough? 1 want to 
see some tenaon from you, some oocenainty. 
You skate o^y half dr your long piopant 
spending most of the rime talking to your cqadi 
until Naiii^ leaves the ice. On^ after riie’sg(»e 

ihow.Ctasdcr w^ w^^ . . 

oiher a few rimes to let ihe.^i0iO0apben take pkiures, you raght wn ^ 

iheffpktuRS.” - *lme3alookaitDewj«i“^ 

2:10 P.M. —Lriacfa^4:10 PJH, •'T^PhuMgi and 

TopyameetagjriB B tItt.Otynpk 

. 'TheAmplutbeatreisiheimunat^.w^^ 
yodTlbeooiiy rtij g Beaw e& You'D- be 
tieag you short pipgFams he^ 

“Nanicy^^’re srin hni^^ aw^. Toiqia, 

. ycm’re opi there loolosg lOm yon'tt abom re cry. 
Wby2 Becapsc'ifs your turn to'ciy, udiy: 
“Btfore wehave ai^mott ereatiVB diCfereaces; 

do you fed comfortable skating free^. 

fancy, we’ve let it be known that the venue 
has received a couple itf threatening phone calls 
a^rinst Tooya bom Stateside. Nouune to wo^ 
ry about TwMwut of rim normal 3S secuiiQf 
people, thereH be ISO. All you have to do is be- 
aware of each other constantly without looking 
each other in the eyt. AD sorts of different 

you treed re understand 
This is 



an ice dxnr. .Got ii? I» iho bjspt 
maever. Togt^ yicn hned ou-for rins. 
you can’t change it sow, If you don’t 

like it, aU 1 cm ssy is ym people should him 

tboc^ of that before Deinxt 
be handing it and riiA the one wfaergot 
lot V only you cculd be more like Nancy. 

“But you .aren't and you ba^t to be h^^ 

rmlias; At otsc we i 
that forireny? Limply you ; 

them oa Na«y is holding tte nngoart 

with her coaches innocenily; wide you 
alent befamd her 1U« a shark rin ip il» water. 
• H(w^s riuu to a picture? Plus the inspiration^ 
B playing in the background like always 
eio^’t mean we’re wmmg 

Russian Snatches Victory 
As 3,000 Favorite Falls 

The Amdated Preat 

HAMAR — Svetlana Bazhan- 
ova of Russia was the surprise win- 
ner Thursday in the women’s 
3,000-meter speed-skating race af- 
ter the favorita Gunda Niemaim of 
Germany, fell It was the second 
time a Russian has struck gold here 
after the favorite faltered. 

Bazhanova won her first Olym- 
pic medal and her nation's mih 
gold of the iJUghammer Games af- 
ter Niemann fen in the final turn on 

Emese Hunyady of Austria won 
the diver and Claudia Pechstein of 
Germany, who skated a personal 
record in the &st pair, won the 

Niemann, tbe world-record 
holder and drteoding Olympic 
champion, spilled in neariy tbe 
same spot whoe Dan Jansen of tbe 
United State had smnifaled on 
Monday in tbe mea's 500-meter 
event, Jansen mawitainad his bal- 
anoB and finished eighth, but Nie- 
mann skidded across the ice and 
w^xd out ho skating partner. 

Hashimoto of J^iaiL 

Niemann finish^ the race, 
crossiig id 3: lOJS, almost a min- 
ute more than her world record of 
4: 10.80. Hashimota oonqieting in 

her sixth Olympics, did not aendn- 

Niemaim appeared to lose her 
balance after her left foot clipped a 
marker, and the German coaches 
were protesti^ the placement of 
tbe mtukers diriding tbe lanes. The 
judges were leviewmg tbe video- 
tape before ruling 

As Jansen's sounble had pven 
Alexander Golubev a golden op- 
portunity, Nkmarm’s misfortune 
gave Bazhanova, 21, her «**"«- 
Sating four pairs iffter Niemana 
she crossed tbe finish line in 
4:17.43, bumping Hunyady by .71 
seconds. Pechstein finished in 

A double-girid medalist in tbe 
3,000 and 5,wO and winner of the 
sQver in the 1,500 al the 1992 
Games, Niemann was the favorite 
to sweep all three rids year. 

She started smoothly, but 
clipped a marirer with her Ua skate 
after 38.8 seconds. She slid uncoo- 
troUibly into the outride lane, a 
look of honor on ber face, as she 
reds out Hashnnott). ' 

Tbe Jqianese skater went down 
hard on her Itft arm, and dammed 
inre the barricade, as did hfiemana 
a few feet away. 

Niemana seemiiigly in shock, 

Some Old Stars Go Out 
ta Men’s Figure Skating 


HAMAR •— The big names of 
men's figin skating took a severe 
battering in tbe Olympic technical 
program on Tburs^y. 

A disastrous night for Brian Bm- 
tano, Viktor Petrenko and Kurt 
Browning, left them dghth, lunth 
and 12tfa and without any hc^ of 
med^ They entered the event as 
the outsiantting favwites but now 
have to srttle for the role of also- 
rans, no matter how they ixDprove 
m Saturday's froe-skating final 

The siuprising leader was the 
Pi«jqyn Alexrt Unnanov with the 
established Canadian contender 
Bvis Stqjko second and Philippe 
Candeloro of France in third. 

Scott Davis ol the United States 
and Oleg Tataurov of Rusaa com- 

E leted a five that would not 
ave seemed remotely i^ible at 
the start of the eonqietition. 

Boitano. the 1988 Olympic 
cbaEDpion who spearheaded tbe 
drive to have profesaonals back in 
oompetitioa must ha\e wondered 
w^ he bothered after opening tbe 
n^t'sprogram with a catastrophic 

fall on a triplr axel jus^i. He did 
not anempt the second jiurm in his 
comtinaDon as required tbe 
rules and was severely penalized. 

Then it was the turn m PetFcnka 
the 1992 Olympic and worid cham- 
pion from Ukraine, who had 
jumped ou the Boitano bandwagon 

got up and skated away. She pulled 
off her e^ and gogdre. consoled 
Hashimota then puTher ffar back 
on and finisbed the race. 

The 3,000 was her first ra^ and 
she had not lost at that distance 
qnce finishing second in a WO'ld 
Cup race in Davos, Switzerland, on 
Jan. 13, 199I.Shewas4-for4inlhe 
3,000 rince the Worid Cup season 
b^an in November. 

But it was her second fall in a 
year. She «^>ed otu in the 500 at 

and finished sixth crert^'the first 
rime she had not wtxi tbe title rince 

A three-tune wm'ld champion 
and four-time Eoropean champkm, 
Nianazm, 27, was consoled by sev- 
eral skaters after finishing, ^he 
smiled and waved re the crowd as 
she skated riowly aroond the oval 
after the noe. 

Demte Fedistdn’s medal, it was 
a doubly disqipointing day for the 
Germans. Tire medu cemtender 
Hiwke Wankke, like Niemann a 
remnant of ttx former East Ger- 
man sports nutching, finwtteri util 
hade in 4:28A3, nearly 14 seconds 
off her personal besL 


fiitt eii^ seats of the CByinpics m 
the Viking Strip Olyn^ HalL The 
arena was about 70 percent fuO 
Tfaursd^, and none the wom- 
en’s events are sdd out. 

About 12,000 pec^ — mosily 
Norwegians — hu packed the are- 
na to Jrihami Olav KoSS's tWO 
gdd-medal victories, on Sunday 
and Wednesday, as wdl as on 
Mondqr to the men’s 500-nreter 

To notated 

.Cki^PBlriinkBtaodaBdnai ' 

’lire CfiniM speed riaterGmidftViemmcrnshii^Tlnmrfny hire Siam Hachimn ^Wt, in Aft ■naa^'yi^ 

3* personal besL 
e rest women’s speed-skating 
of the Games played to the 

IOC wMcOxh Athletes^ DomtUfm to War Vkt^ 


LILLEHAMMER The International 
Olympic Committee pledged Thmsday to 
match any donatioxis by Vinter Gimies 
athletes to w victims in Sanyevo. 

“Well maidi any donations to Sar^evo 
by athletes, doliar to dollar, krone to 
krone,’' said the lOCs directot^general. 
Fren^ois Carrard. 

Norwegian speed skater Johann (Xav 
Kosa ^riio won nis second gold medal in a 
world recari time on Wednesday, said he 
was demating the 225 J)00 kroner (S30,000) 
bemus from the victory to an Omapic a^ 
Qsganizntkm thrt is working in fire cily of 

a 25-yearH>Id medical rtndent, 
also Norma’s four miniai people 

re give 1 0 kroner to every gidd iniedal won 
by a Norw^aa athlere mrire<3aBun^ -:-« 

His donarim wmtto'Ohn^^ 
which helps war victims in Sa^ero as 
wdl as Enixea, Afi^unisum, Bdrotiand; 

T^orwiQf’s Olyn^ Comnrittee nddit 
wodd niatcfa KossYdonarioa. 

The Asedaled Prea 

PORTLAND, Ore^n — Aolhorities 
are investigating rqrerts that Toirea Har- 
ding Nanc;^ Kerrigan s hotel 

room number in Detroit as part ci the plot 
to hgiire her, the Otegonian new^i^rer 
laorted Thms^y. 

^tsaid that the anthociries believed there 
'em no credible way that Hardtng’s former 
iitiAnnri^ Jeff GiUooly, and otbers in the 
plot could have gotten the room number 
eaGcept* through &iriiim 

Gulody and Shawn Eckardt, who says 
be jMTimg p the were both in 

Portland at tire rime Kerrigan was at- 
re^sed Jan. 6 attar a practice sesrion in 
DetrdL Harding was m Decrcat, to the. 
-UjS. Figure scaring Chasqnonriups. 

Kerrigan stayed ui Room 6104 of the 
Westin Hotel at the Renatssance Center, 
the Detroit police have confirmed. Eck- 
ardt tcrid the Fiu that he recalled the 
number tire of his head as 6401. 
Korigari’s 'toom number was closely 
guarded infoimarioa (he Oregmian re- 

GiDoofy told the FBI that he had in- 
strocted Harding -to obtain Kerrigan's 
romn nmnbor as part oi aniiritial plw to 
aflmrit her at fire hold. ; 

' Gifiooly said Harding got the room 
innnbcr moa^ a dedt at the Westia 
wlrere Balding was also staying, on anoth- 
er floor. 

(jiBixify sudhe arid Hardmg were wor- 
ried that theFBl would find the deik, but 
. he iaid riirt Haiding “nsiBed that the guy 
was a, 'ditz.* arid Ire piooaUv would not 
renkorirer, biri even ifhe dd, he would nm 

tdl becane he wonld Jose his job over it" 
have intec- 


■■ Inv 

•:iriewBd nltecBt libid reproratiem clot 

■hrwt I '• t.;. •. '.-.•■A. 

Haidfii9 tfild dre'lFBI Aai riie did not 
know -Kerrigan-’s zoom mimber. However, 
ftzB was before the agat condneting the 
in t onfew .QpJaa. ISaatdsibcvaanotbaig 
tniriifaL After a breaL Hard^ revised 
aooe of heir atatement^ bm the issie of the 
loom mnsha was-aot hniii^ up again. 

re oooipete agaro. He over-rotated 
his iripfe axd and only barely com- 
pleted the Rouble toe loop at the 

Faster! Faster! Faster! ThriU of Tedmolt^^Agofn^ 



Ifs never been easier to subsoibe 
and save wHh our new 
Just all us lode/ at 

end of it Then he two-footed the 
landing on (he triple lutz in a pro- 
gram he had skaira absolutely su- 
perbly as be won the Eurt^rean title 
Iasi month. 

Last in the field of 23 was Browit- 
worid chanyriou in 1989, 1990, 
ml and Iasi year but rixth in tbe 
1992 Albertville Olympics. 

Unnanov, the wxirld chanson- 
ship bronze medalist began with an 
excellent triple axel-double toe 
loop combination. It was foDowed 
by an equally fine tr^Ie lutz and 
Imer a pOTCct double axel all inta- 
twined with st^s. spins and foot- 

His scores were almost all S.7s 
and 5.8s for both the elements and 
his presentation of them. 

■ Stqfko scaled down a triple toe 
1(^ to a double in ids combination 
Mth a triple axd and be, toa was 
flawless. Now be plans to throw in 
his quadruple toe loop-tr^le toe 
loop comtanation in the free skat- 
ing in a bold bid for gold. 

By Johnette Howard 


ULLEHAMMER — The ckick never 
has an off-day, never cares about subplots, 
never makes allowmioeB to who is tong- 
suffering and who's just a lecent hotshot 

For all \Vlacer Olympic athletes, the 
mar^ between vicuny and defeat is u 
minuscule as a fingertip on ice that cost 
Dan Jansen a few tenths of a second in 
Monday's 500, or the brash of a lager's 
sleeve against tbe icy track, or the wind 
that smacks the airtiome Alpiiie skier in 
the drest skming down us <mes who dra't 
have the nerve or the strength to maintain 
their lacug todts. 

Sometimes hopes de at tbe ^'Inter 
Games the same way riiey do at the Sum- 
mer Olvmpics — a 'misstep on a landing 
that ruins the figure skater’s otiterwise 
dean program, a techrrica! error b>* the ski 
jump0 who erelodes oat of cimch too 
SOOT and mars ms takeoff, a hock^' team 
that's no match for an of^xment. 

But more oftea Winter ONsqric evoits 
dqiend on tbe pursuit d rav 'sp^ Speed 
skatos here hie 40 mSes per hour (63 Idlo- 
metas per hour), tbe lagers and downlriQefs 

push 75 to 80 

ih, and bdaleds cm 
eveything goes 
climb m a giva sport, the 
room to error decreases exponeatiB^. of- 
tea (be high greeds ibai mean tire sBm of 
daylight between a gold and silver medal 
winner are remarkable. In men’s Inge, tire 
final difference between Georg HackI and 
the runner-iffi, Markus Prods, was ne- 
faondredth of a second over four runs. 

But the potential for agcnizzogly ctoe 
loss increases too. 

Given the omnipresent dock, technol- 
ogy and eq mpmen t seem re play a bigger 
ran in the Winter Gaines tbe Sommer 
bames. The constant race to find new 
advantages has spaital plenty of gaipes- 
manship. serious research and mnovstion, 
axu] apocryphal claims of discoveries — 
not to mentiofl some spj^ stealing lying 
and cheating over tbe years. 

In the 19^ logers from Gennany and 
Pdand experimented wirit coDe-sbaped 
fadmets to reduce drag, hi addition to 
loc^g lidreuious. the cone-bead 
were dangeroos because ih^ ^rttwriwt 
over the back edge of tbe racer’s ried and 

boonced a sUder’s bead off tbe trade during 

Wbrid-dassakieis iravri wifli eqni^nept 
ooDsnltama and ski-wax experts that moni- 
tor ocodirioDS on race d^ before pidting 
the ri^t rids and wax to usa HEng down a 
li^ sled’f steel nnmen to the zigst raemg 
em is an art, toa and almost as mqrertant 
as figuring out tire right racing line down 
tire couse;. 

Like wodd-dass yacht lacas — who 
actually have spy cameras motmted on 
remoreoo Dtr d buoys thar can be floated 
over to rival boats to take underwater pio- 
tores of tbsr bolls — logos and boboed- 
den are oonstandy spying pboregnrehing, 
and copying eadi otirer’s sleds to mscein 
comprtitw's seciets, toa 

Ira U.SL doobks lu^ Jooalban Ei- 
wards lanembeis an assrttBDt ooadi Qo the 
Worid Cop ciicQii “wbo used to sneak 
aromid pnlEng the rubber covers other 
peoples nmiien vriien he no one 
was locrfdng. 11160 b^d rob Us hand real 
quidt over tbe steels re see what land ci 
edge tbe fastest teams were lacang with.” 

The U5. Conmsttee actually 

has a d ir ecior of qxutt sdenoe and tedi^ 

nUogy OB its staff to ke^ Anrerioma 
abreast of latest hmovatiGBis. (Xyn^mid 
WoM Cup ofSdals pfiy n jmuent &at> 
and-mquse game with log os ana bobri ^ 
den wIxD the rtm^retitofs BEoft ratting ba 
eidi other if they.tUnk a rival hiri Sioavi: 
eredasecset - 

“Iris an 1^ of the pgiholbgial war- 
fata” the Norwepan ^era diuo Jedrenh 
C%v Kon saU eadio riiB vreek, laoriung 
off ho team’s boasts about tatroduemg a 
boter raring sort hoe afto llte:I>iTO 
made noise about dirir new “aerodynanfe 
ixT ^aie coven. 

The American bobsled <kher- Acto 
Sniser said, *The geaefti nde <ri thninb is 
if somdxx^s suddenly gi^ farto, you 
diallotgeharied." . 

Shimef should know. Hris one cf the 
dzivos of tbe hew Bo-X)^ bobried, an 
aerodyn am ic wonder that raikBes ahd nd-' 
justs re tracks like t race car, thiiitiin: to tire 
mvotvemait of a NASCAR driver, GebS 
Bodme. Tbe ^d is hsndreds'of jxo^ 

and h^^naldials 
were ■litw¥rt d|0 nvtriwwn the 

sled drimted and, in ^end, pusedhy tire 

. mtomUioiDU with some 

^JDust hare 1m ^ood,” said Mari 

faioatwm. *Tre never- seen the 
firion^onalrRoles Comsittee dUquali^ 

Digen know tiiat tire wanner their ried 
nmnos are, tire faster th^ ga So tire nrie is 
that ried. nmpeis.inust wUun a 10- 
dogree ternpaoure lan^ rt the Stan gatt^ 
Eiat ofBaas -also test sied nuurers to 
banned substances^ A rumor once on tbe 
Worid dredit was that tte Germans 
had come up ^th some fti ng that wasn't 
activated wail rape (^riids ^ray^ theh 
numets witii etfo to detM doetorefi 
• .• 

'.Fm- a time,..dre^U.S.;h^ team tried 
coating its nihneis and face s^ds witii" 
y ic f ia g e prodded ^ NASA; In 
tra end tii^ToiTO good dd-fasfaioiied 
cBsfawwhn^ Ikj^ was' tire best Owno re 

^.fflotto' Farter, '^g^, StFob^ 

neeosariaiViendinn for tile Winfer OaiTiHB- 
Whatevex works.. 

6s3 *n: .* .' 
tal zji, 




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Page 21 


it^j i 

\^ksmeier Edges Out Moe in Super-G 

Dai FlI—WAjMtt PlMBfrUBM 

KjetU-Andrt Aaaodt 
tbe taome-oowd 
fa?orite and ^ drfeod- 
ing Ofynqdc dampioB 
m the sDper-gieBt sla- 
hMn, manned only, a 
broDzem OeereDtoo 
Thmsday. He fnsdied 
bddiid Martens Was- 
mder (i^X the mu* 
ner ot Genumy^ first 
Otynvic mei^ A^ane 
moM ooce 1936 , and 
ToBtmy Moe of the 
United States. 


Dahlie Triumphs in 10-K Cross Country 

Home Crowd Cheers Its Winner, and Also the Runner-Up, Again: Smirnov 

By Qmstopher Qar^ 

Ne» Y«rk Tirus Seniee 

der the Nffn^ians have wanned 
to VladuDir Sminzov. Not otHy 
does be shoot Sibaias r^)i^ and 
sw^ cai m fire stories with their 
beloved V^ard lihong. Ihe nig- 
ged man from KazaUistan also his 
a haUt of loriqg key races to their 
other cross-country superstar, 

Neaity a year after Smimav was 
beaten ^ Dshlie in a photo finish 
at tbe vodd dianquonsfaips, the 
skier wbo was supposed to domi- 

nate these Obmpics was upstag^ 
^gain whb even more at stake in 
Thursday’s 10-ldlometer classic 
cross-counny evenL 
Smiaov aooqited the blow with 
his cusiomaiy grace, whidi is yet 
another reason the Nnw^jans 
find him inesistible. 

*'lt's not perfect because I have 
enoi^ silver medals, but I am sat- 
isfied.'* said Smirnov, the former 
Sortet star who at age 29 has yet to 
win an Olyiiqiic gold m«Hgi 
Dahlie, who won't tom 27 until 
June, now has four ci them- Bui 
this was his first in these Games; 

his first before tbe exuberant crowd 
that has transformed this stretch of 
scenic forest into a low-tempera- 
ture Norw^ian version cf uma- 

**Witb all the Norwegians them 
today and me wimi^ the on 
home EFOund, this is the biggest 
thing I have eva experienced in 
skfi^" said Dahlie, who odebrat- 
ed by serving homemade cherry 
brandy to tbe Norwegian press b^ 
fore an interview sesstoo. 

“1 do not recommend this for 
slders," said Dahlie, vriio joked that 
**it cemtains no Smbnofr.” 


■ Fraoiz Bdiiaar oS Switzeriand, 
file fosmear wodd; dianmiem and 
ibree-rime Wodd Cap ritustitt the 
downbiU, announCM Uunsday 
that be retire at tbe end of di» 

ithad nothiDg to do ^tb the Swiss 
team’s poor diowii^ in UBcham- 

• Rdnzcr».31,.saHl -a falloQ ttg. 
course at IGtrtriUidL.Austriaj'liiis 
season bad drowedl^ how doM 
faeoould txuneioacaoQsminQr. - 

“I iboa^ s lot idiott fiiie cndi 
and I found dtfi thm fhecewasnot 
so moch fimjnoqping 60 metets as. 
it was irtien 1 was 2^” he said. *T; 
was no longer able to go for h as m 

• U A i^Dced data Kds^ 
hot, wto^inootbdosiated'ba^ 
maxrow to her brotbEX; Jawo, to 
help combat his blood disardez’, has 

lost her grandfitdier to a heart at- ^ 
tadL Edward Talbot, 66, '^ed 
Tuesday in Sehi^leiviUe, New 

• CBS’s ntmff for the fiist fbor 

niigbts of tlw Winter Ofjnmto were 
M 27 percent over tbe AlbertviDe 
<^mes two years ago. ' 

Tbesdqr ni^t^ oowEsge earned 
a 27J rating and a'^ aace^ fite 

networks best Ibesdsy m^ SDce 

F& 28, 19H ’vdien aie Granmy 
Awards got a 31J rating and a 44 

Uie rating is the poceot^ (tf 
tdertsioa boosdialds in. the l&ted 
States, eadi. point rytesenfiag 
942j)00 homes. Uie dune is tbe 
pw r*«ifiig ^ of tetertaons oh at the 

• Maybe related: Tbe mother of 
figure Ajuer ToiQni' Harding' re- 
mained in stable conJliop m a 
New York C&Qrlio^^tal, a dqr after 
fmntmgin a tetevisiaD stpdcx ' 

Doctors, at Sl Gaie'k Bpqi^ : 
were cooductiM teste to determine 
w^ LaVooa Goldea o o Bmwed af- 
ter tming ‘*lbe Mootd wSEamt.- 
ShovT on Thesday afUsnoon. a 

• Bm (od he lioaig before ine 
fiawM* Iwyai, Tiwhj fiie.U.S. 
nien’s^ coach, stedthattf he were 
as to go to Las Ve ^*T would gut 

iny oMD^ oo Toma^ Moe win-. 


ning an Oly rnpfe nfiwtel ia the SQ- 

Loeffii,- qjpanot^, was sot pre- 
pared to gmhUe on Mbe gating a 
medd in 'fiie downUD, wtnrfi he 

wm:’ • 

• M<infl hH]i*K kihe Wm^ Oiym- 

■ pic atUete bis arrived, iby pitane 
msteadof tnia. . 

~h^ Bat-ChgSiiad faced an e^t- 
■'da^tcam^ridcL But the ogyuiiznig 
conumitefs qxilresiiian. Tor Anne, . 
. said Tlmitday thatjmr^^ 
bad been foimd m'Ulan Bator' to 
prqrloFair ricketefocBat-Oi:^ imd 
: w Has he an **S” on bb.i^iest? 

. Jeff Lasait^ an alteniate caqrfam 
on the U A hod «7 team, pnrpo^ 
cbedteog tetmimBte M^ Mahm 
1 dm^praetke at Kristin Ha^Ut 
tfaelSni^ass instead and weritfiy^- 
.mgem it ; 

. sotadhing ,'we do all the 
txd^** Lazaxo said. *’Bot it just 

It mnst be awful^ weak glass, 
becanse .l know be*s not - thai 
stco^" goafie Oarfii Snow said. 

. . n Want cheap, lod^rig.m li^ 
hammerf ' 

’’Ohi^Wedhesdr^ r^t* 
people sp^ the m^: at the jail, 
only becanso bad no other 
dace to st^” said a 'police offibo; 
fom^Sateher. : 

.She said die ^ not want dieiail 
to become jnst a efaer^ place to 
stay, blit wo^ not trim & needy 
awa^. Under Norwqfan hnv^ ai^- 
ohe mable to find somevdiece to 
sleep can ,«pp^ for so-called 
* 1 iameless axie^ovenugb^ 

. • Bow’s -tbfd? Donna Wein- 
Jkedd.of./tbe United .States,. vAb. 
won the gold medal’in Albenville, 
planned to '^shred” the comse, but 
bit by a-bad -vniaii tMa^, 

■ pol^a^’^^bl^/and'SBffm 
Tdii^-bo^ e^Nnesen** ; 

•Obi ^-tbn.l,00(k ydu'havB 
. to steke a misteker said US.' 

spe^kater Pan.Jans^ who- 
. ^ipedin'thieSOQHDaeter-noeMi^- 
d^. When be cbmpeies IRid^.m:. 
. the.IJlOlk h-^be his last dwoM. 
' asame^ \- 

- . (WT, L4ZNYZ A?^ Seuia^ 

, Vf. , . . . , • 



■ ■ Zita 




:^i . . 

An e ri iais ted Byom DahBe, who said his victoiy Thmsday on home fflound was “the biggest fiang I have 

Kobsw Bna/Tbe AMdMed hoi 

ever experMOoed hi skiDg." 

Egorova Holds Off Di Centra in Pursuit 

Compiled by Or Suff From Diapmda 

Egorova' of Rusaa moved wifinn 
one g!^ medal .of the Winter 
Oiyn^cs record on Tbnisday as 
rimmed to an 8.3-aeooad victory 
over MamidaDi of Italy in 
the womea’s 10 -kilaneler cross- 
ooontiy fre^yle jpsuh. 

figptoya mu In Cenia also be- 
came the first triple medalisls in fiie 
liPehaaing Omnes. 

It was the e^ith medal in as 
many (Byjs^ races for ^brovk 
who also-wni a sBvvr behmd IX 
Centa in the women’s opening 15- 
UlQmeter free event Sunday, vifitb 
five-gold'^ three silvers, h is 
biSevwio be the foremost medal- 
-sb^ iri women’s O^mpic cross- 

Egorova, 28, had a 20-seoond ad- 
vmti^ over IX Centa at tte start 
after winiung the S4dlometer clas- 
'rical-sQrle on Toesday, the first leg 
tbe pursniL 

She completed the pnrsoit in a 
total time 41 minutes, 38.1 sec- 

*T was very cemfidem all tbe 
way,” ^ocoya said, *’! knew eyeiy 
stq). that Di Centa was "«Tfny 
And- I oontndled tbe pace. 
.coach aws tell^ me everything 
that she was doa®." 

' ”She had no power at the end but 
I was also quite tir^” ste added. 
"It tocA a lot of energy for me.” 
Stefama Bdmondo of Itafy, a 
fieestrt® qiecialist fiem Italy who 
won two ^d medals in last yearns 
World CbanTionriiips, was 43 sec- 

onds brirind For the bronze medal 
after making the Ng^ move 
among tbe top riders. 

Rriwinnitn was otily 13th in the 
dasac8l-sQ4e 1 ^ ancf trailed Bor- 
ova by S 6 seco^ at the start. 

The pursuit race was introduced 
to the Olympics two years ^ in 
Albertvifie md, unlike tradiwioal 
events where ccmyietitoirs go out at 
30-second intervals, the skiers’ 
stanii^ positions are detemuned 
by tiiev plactttg in the S-kSometer 

TWo years ago at the Albertville 
Games, Eggit^ was the cross- 
country queen as she captnred 
toree g^ and two sOver mMals as 
an rookie. She has never 

failed to medal in ^ht Olympic 

Egorova now is tied with tbe 
speed skaters Eric Heiden of the 
Unit^ States and das Thonb^ 
of Finland for second all-tinie, wito 
five g^ medals in the Winter 
Olympics. Hciden captured his five 
in a Olympics at the 1980 
Lake Fladd Chines. Ibunberg won 
his in 1924 and 1928. 

Another speti skater, Lydia 
Skobbkova, is the career leader 
with six Uj^icn^ She collect- 
ed her Fea^banl h) tbe 1960 and 
1964 Olyiq^ ^iDe skating For 
tbe fesmer Soviet Union. 

IX Centa made a brave effmt to 
catdi Eamna in Thursday’s race, 
but tbe Rusaan’s advantage at tbe 
start proved to be too mudL 

(AP, Reura-s) 

His time 24:20.1 was 18 sec- 
onds better than his Kazakh rival 
and 222 seconds belter than the 
brcmze medalist. Maico Albarello 
of Italy. Ulvang, making ins 19^ 
Olympic debut, sui^to because 
of a sore left thigh and finished a 
dirappointing seventh. 

was the best classical race 
of my life,” said Dahlie, whose two 
individual golds in 1992 eaiw in 
freestyle events, which allow ^ers 
10 use the faster, skating motkML 

I)ahlie now has an excellent 
diance of winning a record-^g 
fifth gdd «i Saturday in the sec- 
ond stage of this race, the iS-kilo- 
meter freeze pursuii, which he 
wQ] Stan vrith an 18-second advan- 
latt over Smirnov. 

Smiraov has plenty of support in 
this tiuckly forested neck of tbe 
woods. He has lived in Sundsvall, 
Sweden, since 1991. when he left 
what was then the Soviet Union 
and accepted ^nsorsbip from a 
Swedish skii^ ^b. A quick study. 
Smirnov won over the pop- 
ulace by learning tbe language and 
has crunpeted in the Swedish na- 
tional dianmioiirii^ A company 
run 1^ tbe Swedish cross-counuy 
star Torgny Mogren actually has 
been ^nsoring Soriniov for the 
last two seasons. 

What has made him a household 
name in Norway are ta's rugged 
escapades with Ulvang (tb^ have 
canoed in Sberia and climbed 
mountains in Mongolia) and tbe 

manner in trtucfa MloSItbelS- 

kilometer pursuit race at last year's 
wwld chaiqrionships. After lie and 
Dahlie crossed the finish line in 
unison, the sooreboard itiidaUy 
showed Smirnov as tbe winner, but 
as he exulted and began gying tele- 
viaon interviews, race effici^ ex- 
amined a photograph and an- 
nounced that Dahlias right foot 
had crossed tbe line first 

Dahhe responded by imdting tbe 
crestfaUen Smirnov to diaaee with 
the Norwegian team. One race or- 
ganwer went SO far as to present 
&nimov a painting that remade 
history lengthening Smirnov’s 
foot enoii^ to beat out Dahlie's. 

Norwe^ans sent envelopes 
fun of paper medals painted gc^ 
reoerved hundreds of letters." 
Smirnov said. 

But all tbe compassion in Scan- 
dinavia cannot change the fact that 
Sminiov remains a p^)cr tiger. 
Since jmniog the Worid uip circuit 
a decade ago, be has won only one 
nugor title: tbe 30-kOomeier event 
in the 1989 mirids. This season, be 
donfinated the pre-OIynqiic calen- 
dar (and Dahlie) but finished only 
lOth in Tuesday’s opeoiog 30-kzk>- 
meter race. 

By his own adndssioo, Smirnov 
has no chance for a gold in the 
men's iriay or the s5-kilometer. 
That leaves only Saturday's pui- 

”1 just hope there will be no 
l^ioto finish,** Smirnov said. 

LIIXEHAMMER — At the 1924 
Iteis Camei^ an Amedcaa wra bealr. 
en with a CEDX fbr.zttotiB8 loo knd^ 
fa- the U.S..n%by team. Narwrajan 

' fans are a-£fferentram%tf rite .ULS.' , 

speed skater 'Dai^.'Tanibiurtno 


He firtvdMid the 1,500 mettis ww 
out of. cdotention' for any. OSjiugK, 
hana,btotbesritout qgw^o I . 
cheered aiiymv. Tanibanmo, a vir-'. 

tnri onkDOffnfolns own land, hadset 
a persMUl neoed, and the Konre- ' 
giaxteknewit V . 

**l>e aeyet axpedeaced aqyti^ 
Bke h," be’said. ■ _ 7 ^ 

It’s a femHiar leficain at uo .i?th . 

“Among the Olyxiipics, tins is i«- 
h«p!i the most batenay aa^ Ber^ 
naid Botnandy of the Oly^ 

pw Commkiee. He has attended the 

(Samessince I960. , 

Hwre is plenty of Noiwegian flag- 

waving, hot “nothing u prorocaatye 
here. Nollriagisinitarii4;hero^’*srid. 
Fritz Suer of die Dutch Olfriipic : 

GomnKttee^ leEpemibeEuig'tlie.iiatioa- 
afism of the 1980 bfosoow and 19M 
Los' .juries Gamei. ' 

' At' «fe~ yiKiig ' 5aiip awitiaj qwA 

roeed'riraWs. mtame£ate .timea 

the' o^vd^.'vdietiiec the' racer .m 

Nowegian « aoL 

.crossed tile fim^-luie ip secure 22d 

..-*l^an inspha^oiiri crowd,”. -be 
said. apmea^ 

Theyknow eveiywi ^, ”-: . ' 

^ AitlK^ thfr ecoiM 4|ieaB to 
fur to eniyoiM^ ad et^ 
dedbria ;is loeM for, :fiia local 
hE*oes.I-''. ■ 

1 %N6twqvto(l(rambi^ 
.titAodi^AaE^f Dsoally. moves so 
fori be doesn’t bear a thi^' When be 
came.dgim the K.^t^'Gix^ tins 
wedc m front <^4(M)Q0 
heaid-dtetehig for tiie first time ever. 

Ndrwt^s speed ricater lohahn 
(XavKora soit the ctowriisip a deiir-' 
mm.ahen1te intwoifo 
5^000 and' 1,500 ineiers. ’^’Whu.a 

grretiediug to have the crowd be- 
. mod ine Kke that," he said. 

' . . Itai when £068*5 aidnival, Falko 
Zand^ the Nethalands, beat 
'him 'to become wold chanqaoa. on 
rite sante oval lari year, the crowd was 
juri as apiHeciative. 

. That tiiditiai goes back a cenony, 
vriieai tile first skating dtaotoi- . 

. onsfate were had in Hamar. 

“Nuumalism is for ks irnportant 
than tite perfonnance. This is no 
ikauvinism.** said Dr. Jacques Rogge^ 
iieaditf ^Bttopem (%rii^Pto^ 
toittea. “Ibis b tnerneoca CH any true 

ed to sporte and umredrie it better,*' 
Bomandy said. *iaLos Angries, ih^ 
just came to see a ^eetade,** 

TvD 'yeao ago at the Games in 
Albertville^ . Flmc^ many of the 
01 yn^fo rites were nr^ near 
19 . &t here, 88 peroent the L4 
million ndeete offered have been s<dd. 

To watch Koes^thoe was a writing 
list of 12SJIOO peoifo^ Ten Vflting 
Sh^ wwU am We been mougfa. 

CMid Bu^inmuMi. FoaccPiw 

For Nonregfon fais, iflto tfab group at a medri cepemony, if 5 an afoiel^ perfonDSDce — Riri DafioiBdHy -- th^ 

By Harvey Araton 

Jlev yorii Times Serttce 

RINGEBU — The 30-year^ 
Bavarian painter and classical 
String musidan did not come be- 
tween Tommy Moe and Kjetil-An- 
dre AamodL Markus Wasmder of 
Germany exceeded both the Amer- 
ican .Mpioe darling of the Winter 
Olympics and the Norwegian 
Wald Cup leader and defending 
Olympic gold medalist in tbe su- 
per-giant slaioni Thuisday. 

Neither was about 10 begrudge 
Wasmeier. not after 10 years roam- 
ing tbe circuit as a perennial con- 
leotier wfao'd earned no Olyrni^ 
medals but bad survived a b^ 
injury that nearly nuned him four 
years ago. 

”He*s a true skier." said Moe. 
”rm ^ppy for Maikus. Fm happy 
for mys^.** 

Why wouldn't he be? Moe al- 
ready had the really big prize, the 
downhiU gold medal T^e sQver be 
claimed in the super-^ant was ic- 
ing 00 his 24lb birthday cake and 
an Ol 3 TOpics that has thrust him 
meteori^ly among the world's Al- 
pine elite. 

When he crossed the finish line, 
eight-hundredths of a second be- 
hind Wasmeier's 1:3233, specta- 
tors in the grandstand burst into a 
raucous rendition of "Happy Binb- 
day." not only to Moe but also 
Norway’s Aile Skaardal who fin- 
ished sxth. 

Soon, Jan Kvinnsland from tbe 
Norwegian ski federation was 
holding a birthday cake, and the 
whole lot of early finisheis, all three 
medalists included, were wdfiito it 
down as if the foot of tbe KvjtQeU 
course were some patisserie along 
I the Cbamps-Bystos. 

How all this actually tasted to 
: Aamodt was a deiicai^ handled 
! sutyeci at tbe news conference later 
in the day, when tbe hometown fa- 
I voriie sullenly waited as Moe, his 
I BKmniam l^'s face flush from suc- 
cess and his day outdoos, deanly 
; fidded all the flattering questioiu 
about what it fell like to be oie of 
ibe new sheriffs on the tour. 

This was supposed to be sbow- 
time fa Aamodt, but Moe stole the 
downhill from him 00 Sunday, by 
: four-bundredths of a second, less 
than two minutes after Aamodt 
had taken the lead and his fans bad 
burst into patriotic song. Emergiag 
as an Alpine power at tbe Albot- 
rtlle Games twoyeais ago, the Na- 
we^ans had naturally targeted Ul- 
lehammer for their crowning 
achievement, especially Aamodt, 
the 22-year-old from Oslo who was 
conridered a contender in all five 
Alp^ events. 

Five medals, stHl a real possibOi- 
ty. would be remaitable in itself, 
altboQgb only a consolaiiai prize if 
Aamodt FaSro to win a ^Id. “Fa 
’ sure," he said. “J fed it will not 
only be enough for me to win a 

Years ago, this would have been 
near desertion of native custom, 
and, in Aamodt's case, it was. 
Amongst people who frowned 
upon excessive ambition and sdf- 
pronotiai. Aamodt was not tyj»- 
caUy wen-received when, early in 
bis career, he declared that Us gori 
was to be tbe best Alpine skier in 
the world. 

Januhven, tbe expression repre- 
senting this Nowegian soi^ code, 
means, said AamodL “If you do 
somethmg spedaL you smxiidn’t 
think you are ritecial." Even before 
tbe OqrmpiGS were awarded to Lil- 
tehammerin 1988, younger Norwe- 
gians were cbaUenUngjameloven. 
Tbe desire to buildtiie sports pro- 
grams fa these Olympics over- 
whelmed it. The government 
poured SI billion into q>ons. Two 
years ago, a book with “Janido- 
ven" prmted on its cover, was ccre- 
fflooially tossed into the sea by a 
government minister. 

Aamodt and friends were free to 
publkly aim fa the stars, to riunk 
and acL be said, like Tommy Moe. 

“The American dream is to be 
No. 1,” he said. “The American 
dream has come to Norway." 

That had to make tbe Hist two 
medal ceremonies ^ the more gall- 
ing fa AamodL He has raced the 
of the heavily favored skiers, 
oily to be beaten by men expeii- 
encuig tbe races of thdr tives. 

Married and with a child, Was- 
fflder not long ago was ooniemplat- 
ing retiring to paint andq^ to 
play his viola and ritar. \^en be 
bumped into Diana Roffe-Stein- 
r otter, who on Tuesday also came 
from nowhere to steal tbe women’s 
super-C, sbe told him, “You can do 

“1 said, ‘Yes, yes,'" said Was- 
oieier. “Like ft was a good joJre." 

He was fourth racer down tbe 
super-G course, a downhill with 
well-spaced gates, ri^t after Moe 
hadron 1:32.61, making oaecostly 
miKtaifw, a late turn at a gate near 
the bottom. Moe said he chose a 
high posiUoo because Us coaclL 
Bill Qaa. had by draw, been givoi 
(be task of laying a course that 00 
one had yet sided. 

Aamodt sided the dghth posi- 
tion, so. this time, he knew what be 
needed, at least to beat Moe. He 
ct^dn'L “I lost sane time in the 
middle," be said. When he removed 
his go^es and looked at the 
board. Us expression gave his frus- 
tration away. 

He was in a better mood after the 
downhid ha;^y to let Moe have Us 
day. Now he was beaten in a race 
be was supposed to wiiL ^ver a 
no silver, it was another close loss 
at home, another blown diance to 
educate millions watching on 
American TV. 

“Ip tbe Ui.. they think Norway 
is the camtal of Sweden," he said 
“Wdv be decided “we still 
have thra more events to go.” 

Page 22 





The Embroidered Shirt 

By Patricia Leigh Brown 

ffew Yoric Tima Serriee 

N ew YORK. — Among the 
vivid scraps of history in Lu- 
bow Wolynelz's life is a memory of 
her&eir as a 6-year*old giii 
She was living in a smaD town in 
Germany after World War n, hav- 
ing fled western Ukraine with her 
fa^y when the Russians arrived 
in IMS. Upon their anival her 
mother sofled throu^ the family’s 
few r emaining possessions and re- 
alized that her daughter was with- 
out her embroidered shirt 
Fot a Ukrainian, being without a 
traditional embroidered shin 
means **b^g without your twin," 
Wdyoetz said. So. determiDed to 
create anew, her mother b^an to 
scour the town of Uffenheun for 
shreds of doth and floss, and soon 
other Ukrainian women joined in. 

‘*7 remember wTiea I first put 
that si^ on. I was the proudest 
person in that little towu.** Wolyn- 
etz recalled one receut aftemoou, 
sitting in her living room here, sur- 
rounded by embroideiy. "We had 
nothing. Yet pequle didn't think 
about bread or home — but the 
meaning of an item a young girl 
should have growing up." 


For centuries, Ukrainian ean- 
broidery has been laced nith mean- 
ing. In a country with a tumultuous 
history mark^ by forei^ inva- 
sions and political persecution, em- 
brcHdery has been "symbolically 
link«i to national identity and uni- 
ty," said Oksana I. Grabowicz, an 
anthiopologisi and research asso- 
ciate at the Ukrmnian Research In- 
stitute at Harvard UniveisiQr. 

Purine the Soviet period, espe- 
dally during the 19^ and *S0$, 
wearing an embroidered shirt was a 
sign of poliucal protest and ethnic 
di»inctiveoess. “It goes much 
demer than aesthetics," Grabowicz 
saia “It gives a sense ^ affinity 
that goes bejmnd words." 

Thus, as it does in so wany 
Ukrainian households here, em- 
broidery infuses the house where 
Wolynetz 1^ lived since 1972. 

The throw pillows on her living- 
room sofa rev^ a personal history, 
intricate embroider^ patterns 
from Ae Catpathian Mountains, 
the regioD where she was bom. 
Stars ri^iify the sun, a solar agn 
for good lucL Wavy lines meander 
and wrap around the pillows, sym- 

bols of etenuty and the cycbcal 
nature of the seasons. Squares, or 
lozenges, signifying ferdliiy dance 
across the surfaces of (he pillows 
like sown fields across a landscape: 

In an old suitcase, Wolynetz, 
now a curator at St. Basil's 
Seminary in Stamfevd, Connecti- 
cut, and the foUc-ait curator for the 
Ukrainian Museum in Manhattan, 
keeps sanq>les of her work, indud- 
in^ red-and-black desigus of the 
Kiev re^oD and ny^nkn. a spedal 
innlatjon weave sntch from the 
Carj^tbian Mountains. Hints of 
orange and ydlow, symbols of 
heavenly Light, race ihrou^ a^- 
eaetneaS bbck-and-while geomet- 
ric mazes. 

“From age 4. my mother would 
show me bow to use the needle," 
said Wolynetz. wbo is now 56 and 
whose diiMbood bune was filled 
with embroidered pillowcasesi. bed- 
qsreads and rdi^ous ritual cloths. 
*^ou just embmder. Riese things 
you just da" 


Before cotniiig to the United 
States in 1949 at age 10, Wolynetz 
spent four years in a displaced-per- 
sons' camp in Gcnnany. There, she 
and other Ukrainians embroidered 
shins and dresses out of parachute 
doth ("the vogue," she jolred). 

Her family arrived in New York 
harbor on a U. S. Army ship. When 
her mother asked fatf vdial she 
wanted to wear to America, Lubow 
replied, “My embitridered shirt." 
the one her mother had lovingly 
pieced together five years before. 

Wolynetz shares her bouse with 
her two sous, Yurii. 24, and Volo- 
dymyr, 23, and their cats, Casper 
a^ Buster. Her husband, Gepi^ 
a lawyer, died seven years ago. 

“I try to make it aesthetically 
pleasing,” ^ said of the decor, 
which is enlivened by ceramic 
pUi^ paintings, wood carvings, 
blankets and other etamples of 
Ukrainian fdk art "I try not to 
o»arda I use embroidery to nake 
my home warm and pleasant to me. 
But too much of a good ihiag is not 
necessarily beaudfiri." 

In peasant homes, rows of icons 
are often adorned with long 
stretches of doth so that the saints 
won't quarrel about udio has the 
nnesi one. "Embroideiy mterprets 
human nature." Wolyi^ said, 
cieariy amused, "as if saints quar- 
reled just like humans da" 

By Mike Zweiin 

latemation^ HmU Tnbme 

P ARIS — Hal W iling is a musidaD 
who doesn't play an instrument a 
composer who doesn't compose. He^s a 
soloist doesn't take solos and a direc- 

tor who doesn't direct Following in the 
steps of Duke EUington. wbo oooe hired a 
ititTOphone player vw drank a lot because 
be li^ the way he pla^ dnmk, Willner 
raises casti^ to an art femn. 

His viably rests on the aswi^ticsi 
that muric comes before business in the 
music busitiess; that ghtn a dioice, hu- 
man beings still prefer good music to bad 
and that rode stars are not only in it for thfr 
mon^. The guiding prince is "you can 
ahvan fix the music but you can't alv^ 
fix the artist" In other words, you might 
say that the “right" penon petfotning the 
“WToag" soog is the way to p. Nobody 
had asked Joe Jadcson to sing Monk's 
“Round Midnight" before. 

In the <dd days, u4jea A&R men would 
connect muadans <»i the rosters of their 
record companies with “appn^niate" ma- 
terial, the wrong people often sang the 
wrong songs. The world is Willner's roster 
and, flying by the seat of his pants, be is 
reqionsible for some of the most appropri- 
ate and just plain wacky albums of the 
past decade. His tribute con^Haaons of 
the music of Nino Rota (“Amaroord Nino 
Rota"), Thelooious Monk C^bat's the 
Way I Fed Now"), Charles ^£ngas 
("Wdid Nightmare"). Kun WdU ("Lost 
in the Stars") and Walt Uaney (“Stay 
Awake*^ oomect the following: 

The Rol^ Stooes’s Kdth Richards 
and Charlie Watts play Mingus's "(Xi 
Lord Don't Let Them Ehop That Atomic 
Bomb on Me.” Michad Stipe <rf R. E M. 
joins 10XKX) Maniacs' Natalie Merchant 
singme a nursety rhyme from "BambL" 
Tom waits growls Keqts Mankin d 

Alive" from "The Threqtenny Opera." 
Sun Ra struts “Pink Elqihants on Pa- 
rade." Sling does “Madt the Knife" and 
Wynton Marsalis waxes sendmeniai on a 
Rota medley. 

Some people turn down a Willner pro- 
posal because "it isn't going to do any- 
thin for my earea." In any case, he w&) 
hesitates is lOSL If you have to mull it over, 
you're out of the race pronta trainer 
wants a fast yes and a beautiful aoddeuc 
“Laurd and Hardy were as much an 
influence on me as Bob Dylan and John 
Coltrane," be says, wiA a straight face. In 
fact Winner's face is never really straight 
It has been said that be looks like a 
“stunned fish out of water" He always 
to be lost in thou^t drfwking 
Jt something other than he's say- 
ing. (He mumbles.) He mi^t be describe 
as scraggly, but his mind u anytlung but 

'WIllBer Scare appropriate and some {dais wseky albiiins for the past decade 

In the studio he can only actecqji to 
control what he has wrou^ What do 
James Tayhv, Los Lobos, &ith Hudson. 
Snead O’Connor, NRBQ, The Replace- 
ments, Sun Ra. BQl Fris^ Risgo Starr, 
Tom Waits, Hany Nilssoa and Car- 

ter have in common? Ibiw all sing Walt 
Disney morie songs for Hal Winner. He 
creates a kmd of weird paraUd world, 
vriiich Terry Adams of NRBQ eatplaios: 
“Hal is the kind ol guy who knows that 
wfaeu something is absurd, ifs beanttfuL" 
When be ctmvmced Debbie Harry, lead 
singer d Blondie, to be oi the Rota eom- 
along with jazz people Bley 

and Steve L^, mll^ wasn’t tttinktwg 
aboQt sales, he just thought Blondie was a 
^eat ^t»p. He is om to prove that mna- 
dans in gecerai and rock stars m particu- 
lar have a wider range of mteresis than 
they are given oedit for "Ro^ wmsiwam 
deserve respect fos pqfot min g Mtsik be- 
catue they know tney are going to 

judged sewerdy for even anen^ting it. 
mitft love the nmsac." 

Talk about absurd. He started out on 
the wrong foot, zigged when be shoi^ 
have zag^ beeped when he should have 
bopped and endra up exact^in the right 
place at right tune. \»llner is the 
musical equivaleat of the Jdd wbo wasted 
his youA in poolrooms and ended up 
starring in a movie about a pool shark. 
all lesoxdi. Baby. He foUbwed his own 
star even thou^ it bad no Post- 
Wniner, efanpiiatywiK have become quite 
the thing one of tbe most sucoGafuI being 
“Fm Your Fan," a fandfiil-cast tribute to 
Leonard Cohen. 

“When 1 was 15," WjUner says. **one of 
my favorite tunes was KDie Holiday s^ 
ing ^oomy &oday,* which teibyou a lot 
about vrirel kind (rf kid I was. An I did was 
go tq> to my room, lodt the door, jnnq> 
around and nsten to cvetytiung fiom Sita- 
wiAy to Miles to rock *n’ roE" Sopping it 

an up for fiunte us^ hehioiiined Bcnianl; 
Hermaim’aAlfffdlfitriMockibciBre^ Carl 
ftahfng *y ffyqm fnrDai^DudLCarti!XWBL 

he wfai^ ^*Whisrie WUle Yoll.l^^^ 
Just abcnt.eve^l)^ he knew 
flit nf tftfy . w tn^. waste of; Be ; 
■ walked Ed Sunlit .Tbe-Fire' 
.;si^ Tbearer tmriie nufio, arid to ^ecdtds. 
^ Gmtain.BeeQiar;^ ^ £ed 

Zinptm Ifs endiigug; Oitm Wdls hed-ft 
nifesi M ^.af TinTidiTiiiin^ Azound 2 
bfd be listemng to Ohiette:ColeoUiL'' ' 
' At tire att oCTBitbe's 37 nowX heb^ui 
his career m show bushicss as.'a gofer for 
TV pEoduoeis^ Drivmg a taxicab ar iq^ • 
he produced Leon Redbooe's -vetaon of 
“ Shhie On fiahreit Ill(Mii'’-'8hd .several 


ace about lus’oiity nc 

career ISSO^heJaat^aj^^ 

muM CQordmator da “Satordiqr 

bits fix' 

praepoided mnscal tut.: 

dy dretch baefc^durids. Att' 
w "wastotr yondt turned, 

ing it, he had iqpent his life |wepacnig for' 
tilU job. iR Sli?l«Mnmng ^'iie*« Stfll 


In additira to 1^ dtscqgra^ 

pfay of inffiriddal prodnctkxis' mdudes' 
'MarianndFaitiifuirs “Stranae Weather," 

“Dead Radio" : 1^ V^Uiaiii! Bur-': 
roDghs, a muiripie 'CD box BoOcd dowxi 
from 1 j0()0 hours LeoiyBruoe^s private 
.apes, “The Carl Stall^FFqedt,’^ afOncT 
-CD -ADoi .-Omriierg tiw/aiM "Another 
Hand" for David Sanbo^ . " 

“Hat% B3i this njerivodc m his 
• rmnd, wit£i.dl sorts of odd ctmriecrions," 
Saiibom says. find a, seeinh^y safe 

stuariem and &en throw a land mine into 
it to make h mtaesting. He's a pretty' 
twisted guy. 'H^s secRtu.riim he loves 
the musie more thm lie Irivire the. job:'' . 

, Wnb^ kve is ndt’aniveRally le- 
, turned. Nol t^ Jazz buffs are jdeased-to 
hear xendhioiis: of Monk; tones ^ pop ; 
singecs. His ffrst WeiD conpilaikm- ior.. 
eeim a n^tire reviefw itt-thd Kurt WeOI 
newsletter. DisDey reftisedto'sanctido his' 
DisDey conqrilatioa nn^ its corpor a te 
umbiula. fint he also tends tn.atfract iiK . 
lereslrng faUL. 

He frit at home as music pro^ioer for - 
the Robert Altman film ‘^Stiort ODts," Ait- 
man, he si^ "wori» the way 1 want to 
woiL He putt iq> a strong frariiewock and 
then aDQws you to ioam within fr. IhaFs 
whaFs so amazmgabout hua. He creates a 
riiuatkm where artists are gdng to be able 
to do their best Hewania tfaemto/eef a • 
eertam way. He aDows tfamgs to happen. 
What 1 Irew to offer is taste ais opposed to 
technical knowhow. Mrinly, r _ 
haeve this incredible inventory^ of 
htformatuxL'* ' 


■ SakmnVknmLl^ui 

Tot ^Sduttdler’s ’ 

llte' Rritvean weniiig Stev^ 

S^lbei^ “Sdnnwsljsf in Yi< 
WWW ws riairii tnoR ^nn s film 
pianiere Many Hdoc^ survi- 

VQS were preset ioriodmg Shnn 

W T i inifhnf vAo inaodii^ & 
fiini acri pidriai^ ft n 
- B o wu n^wr .In Jioili 

neo-Nazism. The event 'Wednesd^, 

. under the patreoitge cC- President - 
Thoman KkstB and rhawritor 
Vnrffrl^t .dzew i crowd of 
^ 8^ sodri teadris,* as- 

'ovarian. . 


' hq^Htal next nirath'.fiv. h^ 
pdacecaeDtsmsety. , 

■ ••••:.• □ •. ..• :'.r • 

Kim n itt^ ger , supine md stitch- 
- less, is nicftir ed m an aoti-fdr post- 
s heamig' the' woids “Beaii^ Is 
Not ' About Wearing Someone. 
Els^s CDaL" Tlie poster was on- 
•vefled fitts week by tiie-Warii^ 

' icm-based.. Pet^rie tor the; Etinca! . 
Treatment of Anuoals. ' 

• □ 

. Apbblicstwfaoadarined-liehiid - 
; a fe^ about- the footvrear of hb 
frirmer dient, Mnrlt 'TrmBpr;wBS 
found girity Wednesd^ of steriiag 
her' rimes, boots and nndeiwear. 
Onefc Joses, ^ faces'a sentence Icf 
; IS rimrilhs to ^K'yeaim in prison. 

VBring 'Books, has agreed to stro 
sdfingDarid Leavitft Dovd *Wfaile 
~ ■ "in seztkment of a 

. by dm poet Sfr'Sto; 
^eridefs sort stat^ 

trie liovri &bat a Jove affair 

ibetw^.'two sot in the 1930s, too 
ctoeriyiesemhlBd Spender's metaoir 
*Worid 'tifithm Wod<r and was ob- 



' Dtane Sawyer' win remaiii wiA 
ABC So ABC news Resident 
Rooite Aiiedge, ending a month cf . 
iritehsiw bidmns for l£r services by 
aS four mgar U.S.. networks. De- 
4rils-of Sni^s new deal were not 
roelled out but the qiecolariaa is 
am’ riie Jbs- donbled' her current . 
salnyof aboutS3 millkia ayear. 



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Forecast for Saturday Ihrcxj^ Monday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 

4 | 


J^UneeewartO UnHeBB<<S|p »^lleeio 

tfgjcctd RVJHb 

North America 

A Fdirwy tha* «il Ga^tk^ 
u« Ihls weekend Irani Si. 
Louis 10 Pntsburali and into 
oartjr r«d iraak nom Wash- 
mgnn. O.C., w Boslon. New 
remid wannVi a areedad hi 
Uie MidewL but snow and 
ice wtf An* rfw wemring tn 
iho NorSiaan. Heavy rama 
will soak Florida and tlia 
PacAc Nuidiweu. 


A frasti cold air mass will 
dive soupiwaid Vnouiyi Rus- 
sia this weekend. Moscow 
wU bo VI tho w o stBm edge 
ol this frigid ah maos. The 
cold wil ovdfeiue from Scan- 
dinavia through central 
Europe, but moar areca wH 
be dry. A narrow band of 
snow V Ice Is poasUe from 
London to Fora Sunday. 


Sunny, mild weather horn 
Be*ing to Seoul Sobnley wfl 
give way to much colder 
w o agi er MviCay. Tdtyo wO 
bo mOd Saturday iMowed by 
ram Smlay. Monday wU be 
whWy and eoldar. The soUh- 
aoaie/rr coast ot CMrw wB 
have rain this weekend. 
Manas end San^vk wiO be 
















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601S5 Gooa Oian W 2/12 0/M tet qosa bsmtO mw 
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1152*5' Good Opan Pwlr .2/15 AI?I afescfian. Mcaibnrdikig 

Middle East 

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LasArcs 106330 Good Opan w 2/14 azrenSipepVL awetoeimw 

Avonaz 170210 Good (W> AM z/10 AM 41 taaepan. gnmaum pw*w 

Couarats 196 330 Good Opai vv 2/i0 11/iSSafapm.loiimyMng 
Chsmonbr *0340 Goes) Open Vhr 2/10 47/45MsqBSn:swaMPiSw 

CoarcrwvW 135 195 Good Open Mr 2/14 A/BYani/aSftimqrmf 

Las Dstn Alpes 50305 Good Open PwW 2/15 60/63 metowi, some reKfacF 

FMine 135360 GoM Cpvi v» 2/15 

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MWibW 70130 Good Opm vw 2/10 LtuerptttttsPBian 

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VWd’teSrs 120340 Good 0^ VW 2/14 5l/«ondttne 

VWTTiotww 140300 Good Open W 2/10 /WaOMicpsrLgrwrmBWO 

Ulai lv iimar- - 60 ao -Good . Opao'Wsl-.e/ie greiteaangwtfiMnclIigns.- - 
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106120 Good. opm VW 2/11 AfTOmrqoart tMfkPBW/PStO 
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20250 Geoo 
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125 140 









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20135 Good Qpm RM 2/11 iS/irnisepmtkypaaam 

K^L4M)BpBilnem«n lppvsnd w]pardopBi,«W PlBWaMountainsidepWss. Rm. 


• . RsiwrvawgSiWtgnfieWCbboVGnwBWaii 

Someone back home would also love to 
hear the sound of your voice 

Dial direct from Norway with AT&T Just dial 800-190-11. 

.-\fter 3 da\' of cheering, shouting, oohing and aahing ai die Olympic Winter 
Games, we know you ll want lo share all the excitemeni wiih people back home. 

Thai's why we've made it so eas\' with .AT&T. 

.Anywhere in Norway, simply dial 800-190-11. In other countries, dial the access 
number from the list on the right. An English-speaking AT&T Operator or voice 
prompt will help complete your call to the U.S. or more than “0 other countries. 

Use your AT&T Calling Card or call collect, '^ou il get economical AT&T rates and 
keep hotel surcharges to a minimum. 

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crisp connections. So there's no need to raise vour ’.*oice. 


ADfiT Access hhuober& - . 

I. Linoft the cton Mo«’. find ibecounciy you arecsIfiiv&aaL - - ^ 

1 Dial ibe carepaDdiiig .SIST .Sccss Niniber. ' " " 

3 Ao ATikT EogUsb^peokingOptsauror v-Dloe (voaipcidtaekfordteplkinejiuiidwr.yiiu'vigliio^ orcooMCtyou'iDa 
CuswmiT Sen-ire wpresenaiirit. 

to itedve )vur fire inDri care of A&xte Nundters, ink (iiri tbe 8cces immbtf 

tlK counCrr jonre in aiKf asfc tor Custdaier Service. 








-00400-1311 Bolivia- 





0Q*-«KHI1111 Befog -. 


CUfia.PltC** loni 


999-001 CUfe 

00*-0312 . . 




1^800-5504)00 . GakMnbb 





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' 155^11 Ecuadorw.' 

‘ r . 119 . 




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0800^110 Govfote'Tr 

165 . 




19*-0011 ■ Hondurastf ~ 

. 123 . ■ 


oeoo -111 

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.. 064I229U1 - MedceM-^ 



■ . 800-19(^1 - .NcBagsa - 


Nen Zcahnd 

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0*010-4804111- 'taaaam -- 

: 109 •-■ 


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Sri Lanka 



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Q5QBB9^O0U Bridifr VI. : . . 








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UarceBvCHdPertwiBOMrMiBeeHM AlUrwirtl nmiaTaitt . 

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AWT GSUIbca' M«w b MUik limil re awBhs |vd WoR • 
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t tiiai ilHHMMH ii hon mw WoW - 

sEBl -ordra ooadt c*M 
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