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Paris, Tuesday, February 22, 1994 


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A French United Nations officer chedmg the bamd of a 155mm howitzer Monday ia Polpne, a village near Sarajevo, as part of UN inspection of Bosnian Serb artillery positions. 


By Steven Bmll . .. 

International Herald TYtbunc 

NAGOYA — Tanrio Goto is cod underfire, tins president 
of a Nagoya travel agency has lost inost of his employees, irate 
customers are demanding refunds of 5675,000 for unissued 
tickets, and he could end up in prison. The phones in his 
deserted office- go unanswered except /by a machine that 
accepts no messages, the onfywannm coines from American 
country inusic croooOTon the radia r ‘. ' 

But . Mr. Goto, 46, a sdf-stytedmartyr in the cause of 
discount air fares m Japazu is unperturbed. If . anything, he’: 
relishes being the uuget of a concerted attack by Japanese 

* • \ • • *•-" " J L.1+\ . •* tf. *■ •' 

• - ■ .* : .^u -.1 , ; : 

Drug Reduces 

airlines and the Ministry of Transport, which he says are out to 
crush his campaign to reduce domestic air fares that are smoog 
the highest in the world. 

, ’ Mr. Goto is a rare breed in Japan — an individual bent on 
challenging authority , even at the cost of his reputation and 
fimmcwl solvency. 

. **1 get the most flack from my relatives,*' he said “They say, 
‘Why are you throwing away so much money — enough 
already!* " 

. “We’ve been fighting for a Jong time, and both sides are 
getting tired — it’s Bke the Vietnam War," he said. “But the 
Stronger power will eventually tire and give up ." 

In Newborns 

By Lawrence K.' Altmaii 

■■ ~ -New York Ttow Serried - ■ 

WASHINGTON — A federally financed 
study has found that thednig AZT dramatical- ' 
ly reduces iransmisskxQ of*mV,1he vnns that, 
causes AIDS, from infected mothers to their 
newborns, according to government health offi- 
cials. ■ : . -i. 

The findings wot considered so significant 
that the study, wdncli began in April 1991i-was 
ordered stopped on. Fodoy, ana rrffidals are, 
notifying the 59 inedkal centers in the United 
States and France participating in the stn^ to 
offer AZT to tbepregnaol women who had., 
been receiving a xdfleebo. 

In addition, said Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, head 
of the National Institute of Alfergy and Infec- 
tious Diseases, the data from the study were, 
bang distributed as a “cfinic ak*f through the 
Na tional Library of Medkane,. which has a . 
computer network available to . health _care 
workers around tbe wwhL 

Dr. Harold W. Jaffe, an epatariotagist aid 
the senior sdentist on HIV at the Centers for 
Disease Control and JPrevmtion in Atlanta, 

said man interview that the finding was one “of 

major public health importance.” ... 

“It is the first int&afi on that mother-to-chiW 
transmisskHi of HIV can be at least decreased, 
if not prevented,” he said. “And it ^ provide 
a real mapetus for identifying moreHIV-infect-. 
ed. women during pregnancies so that they 
could consider the benefit of AZT tretth uen t to 
themselves and their children.” 

The transmission .of -HIV to tumbosns is a 
major health problem m .devekjpihg.countrira 
in Africa, Aaa and South America, where mil- 
lions of people areinfected and wbereinfecooii 
rates »nwng dnldbeaiing .'Wtaiien can reach 10 
percent to30 percent in scarie areas, said Dr. 
James Conan, coordinator of HIV.activikes at 
the disease centos. ■ . 

He added that in some areas of the umted 
St ale s, landing some urban areas in the 

Northeast, the imn^Brablefignre was as lri^i as. 

5 percent. .- ..'■■■ ■■ ... ■ 

On average, abom 25 peroeni cf 
women vriw are JUV-mfroted pass_akmg me 

women who are HIV-infected pm 

viras to theh babies. The resemraashadranfr 

dence in the study because it found itat. 2b 
percent of Mwbdrns^ ^bom to wotha^ who re- 
ceived a plaodxi-piB dmingjpri^ruuBy.weri 

infected, mit the infection rat e was o myJ8 
percentfor those whose mothers recavea AZI , • 
officials said. 

The officials said that they pouM find no 
difference in the ninnber md type of tarffi 
defats in babies whofe motors reca^ A£T; 
or the p)aaibo. They added that therehas,been 

SeeAZT,Page4 ■ 

Newssfttnd Prices -• : 

Andorra ....Add FF 

Antilles. — T1JDFF - 

Cameroon J^OOCFA oAut^Sn n JO FF " 

Egyirt.^E.P SW R-* 

From* 9 °0fP Senegal .^.WOCF A 

Gabon 960 CFA |pamT...^200 PTAS.- 

Greece....... JW Dr. Tunisia —.1 .000 Din 

»wy C oast .1.E0 CFA TuriseV-T.L-I5i0pB. ; 
Jortaru...^- J JD 

Lebanon „USS1JO U^. MB. (gur.TSLIO- 

....-r s * G*y Omaca/Xrateo 

Jayne TomB mil Omstopher Dean perfonnmg Monday daring die fbub of the 
. O^mpic ice dance eveuf at Hamar, Norway. The British pair won die bronze medaL 

For now, Mr. Goto has his back to (he wall. He shut down 
his agency, Sakae Travel, in December after ticket wholesalers 
stopped their supplies. He was cut off, be says, because of 
pressure from the government and the airlines. Ten of 15 
employees quit rather than work without salary, leaving him 
unable to issue tickets for 1.300 customers, many of whom had 
paid in advance. In a letter to his customers Feb. 15. he 
apologized and asked that they wail until May — his third 

Long before deregulation became the theme, if not the 

See FARES, Page 4 


The Rockin’ Russians 

It was the golden oldies that won, but 
not Jayne Torvill and Christopher 
Dean. Oksana Gritscbuk and Evgeni 
Platov of Russia, ska ring to rock ’n’ 
roil, won the ice dancing competition, 
with teammates Maia Usova and Alex- 
ander Zhulin getting the silver medal 
and Britain’s Torvill and Dean settling 
for the bronze after having returned to 
the Olympics hoping to duplicate their 
golden 1984. 

Europe Rules Again 

Pemilla Wiberg gave Sweden its first 
medal erf the Games, holding off Vrcni 
Schneider of Switzerland to win the 
women’s combined, as the European 
ski powers retook control of the Alpine 
events under the eyes of royalty. For 
the first time in seven races, there was 
no American among the top three — 
but Aleoka Dovzan, just 18, got third 
for Slovenia’s first Olympic medal 

Hunyady Yes, Blair No 

Emese Hunyady, the Budapest figure 
skater turned speed skater in Vienna, 
won the women’s 1,500-meter race, in 
which Bonnie Blair feD just .03 seconds 
short in a gallant attempt to tie the 
U.S. record of six Winter Games med- 
als. Svetlana Fedotkina of Russia took 
the silver medal while the prerace fa- 
vorite, Gunda Niemann of Germany, 
staggered in third. 

Freestyle Aerial Idiocy 

Kirstie Marshall is an attractive 24- 
year-old who. on Thursday, will be 
trying to win Australia’s first Water 
Olympics medal. On the other hand, 
maybe she is trying to kill herself. 

Olympic report: Pages 15, 16 and 17 

Reliving D-Day for Comrades Who Can’t 

ByKen Ringle 

Washington Port Serria 

Holland and Belgium md Germany, be raises a glass to the 5Q2d 
Asborneand the fallen of World War EL r . 

"T takca Iktlerum and 7-Up,"hie says in the accent tffcis native New 
Jersey. "Just me there, atone. I gpess most people would flank I was 
crazy. But time moves on and memories fade I want to know those men 
aren’t forgotten. As 1 od£&s Tm living they won’t be.” 

■ Over the wtt&Emi Tie and 32othe» who 50 years ago leaped from 
; airplanes into Irirtixy mcthcrc to strap on peracirates and fall from ihe 
sky once more. The youngest was 67,-the oldest 83, and some. Bice Mr. 
Manley , had hot jumped since Worid WarH Butrins was rustawann- 

up.’ . '.'•••• ;• : ■■ ■ 

On June 6, die 50th annimraary of D-day, they jdaa to return to 
Nounandy arid jump ; . 

•' “Ddsyandwhat ioltowM was the biggest flung flat ever happened 
tome,” said McMantoy,' whom theyeazs since the war has managed a 

it with k 
raises a 

ago in France 
ss to the 5Q2d 

movie theater, built highways and been a New Yack State policeman. 
“And this is another way to sahite those guvs I fought with." 

The Pentagon is reportedly less than thrilled at the project of 
se ptuagmariaa sky divers hurtling into a series erf tightly scheduled 
events commemorating the liberation of Europe: Though negotiations 
continue, U.S. officials appear to prefer that any I>day re-enactments 
be staged by younger bodies. 

‘'Tbey want the spothght for their own generations, with young 
soldiers diarging the TV cameras Kke in S omah a.*’ said Emil Guegnen, 
69, an intfgnant former French paratrooper. "The Pentagon has no 
understanding that for the people of Europe this D-day is not about 
young people. It is for the veteran. It is a strong emotion. It is about men 
like tmswnp spend their own monqf to jump again for the memory of 
flwr best friend who lies beneath one of the thousands of white crosses 
in the soil of France.” ... , . 

Around Nm in baggy-kneed khaki uniforms and maroon berets 
milled the graying former manbtas of the 82d Airborne, the 10 1st, the 
509th and omen, plus a Canadian or two and Fred Bailey, 69, an 
interloper from the British 6th Airborne who spent more than SlJOOO to 

No. 34. 518 

New Goal in Bosnia: 


Clinton Says NATO Will Consider 
Extending Ultimatum to Other Areas 

By Paul F. Horvitz 

Irvemtmanal Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton, 
warning erf a “certain and swift response" if 
shelling of Sarajevo resumes, said Monday that 
NATO would discuss ibe possibility of expand- 
ing its ultimatum to other Bosnian battle zones. 

Efforts to consolidate the cease-fire in effect 
in the Bosnian capital since the Western allies 
threatened air strikes will be discussed in Bonn 
on Tuesday, when officials of the European 
Union, the United States, Canada and Russia 
meet to assess the events in Bosnia, Mr. Gin ton 
said in a broadcast statement from the White 

“We intend to remain vigilant,” he said. 
“Any Ogling of Sarajevo or the appearance of 
heavy weapons in the exclusion zone will bring 
a certain and swift response from the UN and 
NATO.” Mr. Clinton made it dear that the 

The US. and its affies hope to extend the 

“Sarajevo modeT to other areas. Page 4. 

threat of air strikes still stands, and that any 
move to resume shelling of Sarajevo could still 
provoke NATO bombing. 

In a written statement immediaieJy after the 
NATO deadline of 2400 GMT Sunday passed 
without air strikes against Serbian military tar- 
gets. Mr. Clinton said: “All parties should be 
aware that the ultimatum stands. Any heavy 
weapons in the exdusion zone not under UN 
control are, and win r emain, subject to air 

Saying the Serbs were in “effective compli- 
ance” with a NATO ultimatum, be warned that 
renewed aggression would provoke retaliation. 

“The challenge for all who have been touched 
by the fighting in Bosnia,” he said, was “to 
buDd on this week’s progress and create a 
lasting and workable peace for all the people of 

“Despite the significant events of the day. we 
must remain vigflant,” Mr. Clinton said in the 

He restated his intention to press for what he 
called “a workable, enforceable solution” nego- 
tiated among the Bosnian factions. And be also 
reiterated his wflhngness to deploy UJL ground 
troops to help enforce a peace agreement, if 
Washington views it as “enforceable” and pro- 
vides no more than half the troops. 

In Pans, President Francois Mitterrand, say- 
ing it was imperative to build on the allied 
success in Sarajevo, proposed Monday night 
that the UN Security Council put the city under 
UN administration immediately. 

“Consultations will take place in the next few 
days and this week France will ask the UN 
Security Council to place Sarajevo under UN 
administration," Mr. Mitterrand said in a tele- 
vision address. “We will not relax our efforts.” 

Mr. Mitterrand said be hoped that “this first 
success for reason over so much murderous 
passion win be used to increase allied pressure 
on behalf of other Bosnian towns and other 
zones of that country where violence reigns." 

The Clinton administration is considering 
pressing the Muslim-led Bosnian government 
and Croatian separatists to forge an agreement, 
isolating the Serhs at the negotiating table. 

“We’re absolutely going to use the momen- 

See CLINTON, Page 4 

Croatia Sets 
With Bosnia 

By David B. Ottaway 

U itshin^ian Post Servo* 

ZAGREB. Croatia — The Bosnian and 
Croatian governments have reached tenta- 
tive agreement on the idea of forming a 
confederation (hat would link a new feder- 
ation of Muslim and Croatian communi- 
ties in Bosnia to Croatia, according to 
Croatian and diplomatic sources. 

But the two sides have still not agreed 
on whether Bosnian Croats and Muslims 
mil maintain their own separate republics 
within a federal state or set up smaller 
ethnically based cantons instead, the 
sources said. 

Nonetheless, there was a sense here 
Monday of considerable excitement and 
optimism that a resolution of the nearly 
year-old war between Bosnian Muslims 
and Croats might be in the offing. 

Both Croatian and Western officials 
said that if this were achieved in the com- 
ing weeks, then a basis might be estab- 
lished for forming a larger multiethnic 
rump Bosnian state than that offered by 
the three-way ethnic partition plan cur- 
rently under consideration at the Geneva 
peace laltrs. 

The new proposal is being actively pro- 
moted by the Clinton administration, 
which has now taken over the role of chief 
mediator in the negotiating process from 
David Owen, the British diplomat repre- 
senting the European Union, and Tnor- 
vald S loiten berg, the special envoy of 
United Nations Secretory-General Botxos 
Butros Gfaali. 

If the Bosnian and Croatian sides do 
succeed in reaching a bilateral agreement, 
they would then submit this new confedera- 
tion proposal to the Bosnian Sabs for tlidr 
canaderation, according to these sources. 

This emerging U.S.- backed approach 
toward a peace settlement, whose accept- 
ability to the Serbs has yet to be tested, 
seems to represent a considerable shift in 
U.S. objectives for achieving a Bosnian 
settlement from those initially outlined by 
administration officials. 

They had said the main goal of the new 
U.S. involvement in the negotiations was 
amply to extract from the Bosnian govern- 
ment its “bottom line” regarding its mini- 
mal territorial claims and then proceed with 
the partition of Bosnia into three ethnically 
based republics. 

Now, they are actively engaged in what 
appears to be the search for a new overall 
framework for (he negotiations and a for- 
mula that would at a minimum hold the 

See BOSNIA, Page 4 

North Korea’s New Condition: 
U.S . Must Act to Reopen Talks 

Compiled by Our Staff From Disptndta 

VIENNA — North Korea is linking a date 
for promised inspections of its midear plants to 
negotiations with the United States, the Inter- 
national Atomic Energy Agency said Monday, 
five days after Pyongyang had agreed to new 
international nuclear inspections. 

The United States, however, said Monday 
that it would not set a date for resuming high- 
level talks with North Korea until international 
experts begin the inspections of seven nuclear 
sites that Pyongyang has promised. 

“We have indicated publicly and they cer- 
tainly know ihai we’re willing to discuss the 
Hate for the third round when inspections have 
commenced,” said the Slate Department 
spokesman, Mike McCarty. 

“Obviously it is of concern to us (hat the 
inspectors have not left and the inspections 
have not yet begun,” be said. 

North Korea's latest condition appeared to 
put a further stumbling block in the way of the 
inspections, which would go part way to estab- 

lishing whether or not it was making atomic 

The North Koreans also insisted that they 
would accept only a limited inspection of their 
nuclear plants, and threatened to back out o/ 
the pact if pressured to expand the scope of the 

In a strongly worded statement, a North 
Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman warned 
that Pyongyang would cancel a Feb. 15 agree- 
ment to let the International Atomic Energy 
Agency inspect seven sites if the pressure con- 

United Nations officials said it appeared 
North Korea was trying to put pressure on the 
United States into making cancessons in other 
areas. Among its d eman ds is the cancellation of 
joint U.S. and South Korean military maneu- 
vers, diplomats said. 

The diplomats said North Korea would most 
likely not issue visas to inspectors from the 
International Atomic Energy Agency, the Vlen- 

See KOREA, Page 4 


Honda Cuts Equity Ties With Rover 




The Dollar 

London dora 









mac au me way num . . 

And if .there woe jokes about arthritic stiffness and hearing aids and 

See D-DAY, Page 4 

ILK. Passes Gay Bill 

LONDON (Reuters) — Parliament voted 
overwhelmingly Monday to reduce the age 
of consent for homosexual men from 21 to 
18. The lawmakers voted, 427 to 162. to 
reduce the age by three years after earlier 
rejecting a move to cot the age to 16. 

Book Review 

Page 7. 

Honda Motor Co. said Monday it would 
end 15 years of cooperation with the Rover 
Group by selling its 20 ptycen! stake of the 
British automaker, most likely to Bayerische 
Motoren Wake AG. 

BMW bought 80 percent of Rover three 
weeks ago, angering Honda's management, 
which expressed outrage that its longtime 
partner had fallen into a competitor’s hands. 

The sale of Honda's stake to BMW would 
give the German automaker 100 percent 
control of Rovct. 

Honda said it would now expand in Eu- 
rope using its own resources. Analysts said 
the move would be more detrimental to 
Honda than to Rover, since Honda supplied 
engines for some Rover cars. (Page 1 1) 


With couqmta - technology, counterfeiters 

pose an increasingly potent threat to the 
fashion industry. Page 8, 

Has the Time Come to Give Bobbies Some Firepower} 

By William E. Schmidt 

New York Tuna Service 

LONDON — Tie stabbing death of a 
London patrolman on a routine robbery 
call ibis month has provoked debate over 
one of Britain's most familiar traditions: 
Has the time come for police officers to 
drop the venerable image of the unarmed 
bobby on the beat and to cany better 
weapons, even guns, to defend themselves? 

Although a British policeman is much 
less likely to be killed on duty than an U.S. 
law officer, the risk of assault is growing 
because of the stronger links between 
crime, drugs and weapons, police officials 

say. In England and Wales, 10 policemen 
have been killed in criminal attacks in the 
past five yearn, compared with 338 in the 
United Stales. 

According to Home Office statistics, 
about one in every seven police officers in 
Britain is likely to be assaulted this year. 
The rate is comparable to that of the Unit* 
ed States, where the Federal Bureau of 

Investigation says about 18 percent of po- 
lice officers are assaulted each year. 

“We have got to do more to train and 
equip police to defend themselves,” said 
Stephen Kissane. an inspector on the Hert- 
fordshire force and an expert on police 
self-defense with the Association of Chief 
Police Officers. 

“Our officers now go into situations with 
little or no protection," he said, “while the 
people they are faring” —such as drunks, 
drug addicts and punks — “arc often 

“They may not be carrying agun, as they 
do in your country." he said, “but increas- 
ingly they will probably have a knife" 

As a result, police associations and 
union groups have stepped up calls for 
better police protection, urging that such 
items as body armor and longer truncheons 
be made standard equipment. And a small 
but growing minority of police are also 
demanding sideanns for British officers. 

The killing of Sergeant Derek Robert- 

son, a 39-year-old father of two, under- 
scored the worst fears of officers in Lon- 
don. According to the police.; he was 
attacked without wanting and in broad 
daylight by three men, moment? after he 
responded to a robbery reported at a South 
London post office: 

The killing was the third police death in 
Britain within a year. In October, an officer 
was shot and killed by a drug gang in South 
London after answering a burglary call, 
and last March a patrolman in Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne was stabbed to death. 

“It will be a sad day when the police are 
aD armed," said Mike O'Brien, a Labor 
member of Par liam ent and parliamentary 
adviser to the Police Federati o n of Eng- 
land and Wales. “But each death brings 
more cause for it." 

Except for special response units and 
aotiterrorist squads trained to use guns, 
nine of every 10 British officers still cany 
15-inch (38-centimeter) wooden batons or 
billy elute as their only weapon. 

Despite the pressure from police groups, 
the government remains strongly opposed 
to issuing guns to ordinary patrol officers. 

Peter Waddington, director of criminal 
justice at Reading University, said that the 
derision against arming officers was made 

when London's first police department was 
founded in 1829 and that the force of 
tradition maintained the practice. 

“It was bared originally on the idea of 
policing by consent," Mr. Waddington 
said. “The notion then and now is that a 
citizen ought to accept the authority of a 
police officer out of respect, rather than 
fear or awe." 

As a result, he said, the minders of that 
tradition have been loath to adopt any 
change that migh t signal “a more aggres- 
sive or advosarialrelationshqj between the 
police and public." 

But some officers argue that such no- 
tions are outdated, given the social and 
cultural riiangps tha t have remade Britain, 
including the deterioration of some poor 

urban nei ghb orhoods where violence is 
now eidemic. 

White strict laws make it difficult for 
criminals to obtain handguns, guns play a • 
growing role in crime in Britain. According 
to the Home Office, rims were involved in 
13,305 offenses in 1992, While that is less 
than 1 percent of all reported crimes in . 
England and Wales, it represents a 10 per- 
cent increase over 1991. 

The threat became even more apparent 
early this month when the police near Liv- 
erpool discovered a cache of automatic 
weapons and other aims, in cl u din g ma- 
chine AnnaHte rifles and AK-47 s. At 

first the police suspected the Irish Republi- 
can Army, bot it turned out the weapons 
were being traded among ordinary crimi- 
nals and drug dealers. 

Sun, the poEce say knives, not guns, 
remain greatest worry. Of the seven 
officers killed in the past three years, four 
were killed by knives. 


PLO Upbeatas Cairo iMks Resume 

CAIRO-fRcatos) —land 

Wm trim* mita m I inm m-Monflavio compimca ocmncu 
an Palestinian sdf-nde that hasten uadcmcgoriation smee October. 

• - Palestinian sources said a final agreement on the transfer ch awfian 
authority from Israel to the PLO in the Gaza Strip and the Wot Bank 
town of frriefa? was. at hand and could bciscale d soo n. On the more 
difficult issue of security arrangements, both ad» were to |>rq»re final 

drafts ^ the details diat 

produce agreemeotlsa the sire of a Palestinian polire^OTreand an wbai 
weapons it should have, PLO sources said that Israel wasmaangabout-a 
6,000-member air, sea and lanef force, while the Pal e st im a ns were de- 
maoding that h have lOyOOO members. 

Ban Stiarf&0n.Nu^^ 

LONDON (Reuters) — An international ban on ttedumpmg of 

"V . ' - ‘ ■ ,f._ , — , n — -i- » — - -i- 

riear tfyit it will not comply with.thc measures, . 
lie ban fdlowa an agreement reached in November by the , so-called 

pollution by damping of wastes! 

In Zaire, a Collapse 
Of Copper Industry 

In a Former Boom Town, the Poor 
Scavenge Slag Heaps for Scrap Metal 

rirft n gpom, 111 ■ 

die November vote, though ail apart from Russia have since 1 signaled 

fwoe^belntematk^ Ma^^^^^^^ra^^RnsSiahfld pledged 
to “ wiifef ppr tp avoid - pollution of die sea. by dumping of wastes." ■ 

Mjdad UHan/Sosm 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl addressing delegates of his Christian Democratic Union Monday at the start of a congress in Hamburg. 

Kohl Calls On Party to Fight r Prevailing Wind 9 

Jgence France-Presse 

HAMBURG — Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
called his Christian Democratic Union to 
arms Monday to fight against a cold political 
wind threatening the party’s ruling position 
in Germany. 

Mr. Kohl told 1,000 delegates at the open- 
ing of a party conference here to face the 
challenge squarely, and be enumerated the 
upcoming deadlines: state elections in Lower 
Saxony next month. European Parliament 
elections in June and federal legislative elec- 
tions in right months, among others this year. 

He said that this schedule meant work. 

trouble and care, anger and weariness, but 
above all “fighting against the prevailing 

The chancellor raised the specter of an 
“unreliable red-green coalition" of the Social 
Democrats and the environmentalist Greens 
party as the alternative to the Christian Dem- 

Mr. Kohl conceded that unemployment 
was the greatest domestic challenge, saying 
that 4 nnffion jobless people was unaccept- 
able. But be la&ed out at the “false prophets 
of pessimism and political fatigue” 

In his wide-ranging speech. Mr. Kohl said 
Social Democratic policies would lead to 
Germany’s international isolation. He said, 
“We were and we remain the party of Eu- 

The three-day conference is to approve a 
new basic party program for the united Ger- 
many, tided “Freedom and Responsibility." 

Party leaders Sunday amended a passage 
referring to the process of European union. 
Bowing to some hostility to the notion of a 
federal Europe, the document now says the 
process must also be “liberal democratic and 

By Kenneth B. Noble 

New York Tima Service 

LUBUMBASHI, Zaire — By the 
time the steel gale opened at dawn, 
the Line of Zairians stretched 
around the comer and down a 
street. Some were as young as 8 or 
10, some still teenagers, and sot a 
few were young mothers with ba- 
bies strapped tightly to their backs. 

Soon they were attacking the 
huge black, slag heaps with shovels 
and pickaxes, scavenging what few 
scraps they could find from what is 
left of one of the world’s largest 
cornier mining operations. 

li*K than a agn Geca- 

minMj Zaire’s state-owned mining 
company, was the industrial pride 
of tins Central African country. 

Despite antiquated machinery, 
the output of the factory here arid 
other copper and cobalt mining op- 
erations in the Shaba region ac- 
counted for nearly two-thirds of 
Zaire’s export earnings. 

Perhaps jnst as imp o r t an t, Geca- 
mm es helped bankroll President 
Mobutu Sese Seko, one of the con- 
tinent’s most durable autocrats. 

Today, Gecamines is in an ad- 
vanced stage of collapse. From the 
outside, the mining complex here, 
which once employed nearly 3,000 
people, looks dismal enough, with 
the huge corroding building and its 
stilled chimney, which once spewed 
yellow smoke around the dock. 

Inside, the grounds are strewn 
with rusting metal and discarded 
machinery. About the only sign of 
life are the legions of scavengers 
digging for chunks of metal they 
can sell or smuggle across the bor- 
der into Zam bia. 

South Africa Charter Altered as Rightists Hold Out 

By Paul Taylor 

Washington Post Service 

Africa's multiparty negotiating fo- 
rum, reconvening for the first time 
in three months, approved a series 
of changes to the country’s interim 
constitution on Monday, but did so 
without the participation of the 
parties the changes were intended 
to appease. 

The package of amendments wQ] 
give regions more powers, provide 
for a separate ballot for the region- 
al and national election on April 
26-28. and require the next parlia- 

ment to appoint a council that will 
consider proposals for the creation 
of an ethnic state for Afrikaners, 
white descendants of mostly Dutch 

It also extends until March 4 the 
deadline for parties to register for 
the April election. 

The changes, expected to be ap- 
proved by Parliament next week, 
are designed to draw members of 
the Freedom Alliance, an anti-elec- 
tion group of white right and black 
homeland parities, into the demo- 
cratic process. The Alliance boy- 
cotted the session on Monday, and 

said in statement that the changes 
did not grant sufficient regional 
powers or guarantee the creation of 
an Afrikaner state. 

Back-channel negotiations con- 
tinue between the government, the 
African National Congress and all 
members of the Alliance — the 
Inkatha Freedom Party, the Afri- 
kaner VoDcsfront and the home- 
land government of Bqpbutbais- 
wana. Sources dose to the talks 
were optimistic only about the 
prospect of imaging Bophuthats- 
waua into the election. 

Meanwhile, the police reported 

the bloodiest weekend of the year 
in the province of Natal where the 
rivalry between the ANC and In- 
katha has always been the most 

At least 42 people have been 
killed in the province since Friday, 
including six people wbo were shot 
as they were proceeding toward an 
Inkatha rally outside of Pietmaritz- 
burg. the police said. 

The Freedom Alliance on Mon- 
day called the interim constitution 
“fatally flawed." 

In a statement issued after an 
executive meeting, it said that the 

concessions, offered last week by 
the leader of the African National 
Congress, Ndson Mandela, were 
“a distortion" of previews alliance 
proposals and needed “further dis- 
cussion. improvement and precise 
formulation to become consensus 

Chief Mangosuthu Butbefczi, the 
head of Inkatha, reaffirmed Sun- 
day that he would boycott the elec- 
tions. He repealed his demand for 
constitutional concessions, includ- 
ing autonomy and recognition of 
the Zulu monarchy, as his price for 
participation. (AFP, Reuters) 

Beijing Condemned Political Dissident as Insane , Wife Says 

By Daniel Southerland 

Washington Past Service 

BELTING — Wang Wanxing, a 
Chinese political dissident, was 
confined in a police- run psychiatric 
hospital after staging a one-man 
demonstration in Tiananmen 
Square in 1992. His wife says she 
now fears for his life. 


Helene McGiffin 

Editorial Assistant, 
International Herald Tribune, 
Died February 13. 1994 
at 28 years of age. 

Religious services will be held 
at the American Church, 

05. Quai ifOisay, Paris T 
Wednesday, February 23 
at 12 noon. 

Mr. Wang’s wife, Wang Junying, 
said that the police had detained 
her husband to treat him for “polit- 
ical paranoia” and that be was be- 
ing beld without trial. He also has 
been barred from an independent 
medical examination, she said. 

Mr. Wang, 44, has smuggled let- 
ters oat of the Ankang Hospital for 
tfae criminally insane in which he 
complains that doctors were forc- 
ibly administering drugs to him 
daily and “trying all the time to 
destroy my body and spirit." 

His case is one of more than 
1,000 documented in a report on 
people imprisoned in China for 
their political or religious views. 
China denies it holds political pris- 

Asia Watch, a New Yori-basaJ or- 
ganization that monitors Human 
rights violations. It states that 1993 
was die worst period for political 

arrests and trials in China since 
mid- 1990 in the aftermath of the 
June 1989 crackdown on China’s 
democracy movement. 

According to the report 80 per- 
cent of the documented arrests in 
1993 occurred in Tibet where Bud- 
dhist monks and nuns have led 

demonstrations for independence. 

Asia Watch accused China of 
using political prisoners as bargain- 
ing chips to be released for political 
effect. Western governments, it 
said interpreted the releases as evi- 
dence of human rights improve- 
ments and ignored thousands of 

prisoners who have not benefited 
from international attention. 

Mr. Wang was arrested June 3, 
1992, after unfurling a banner in 
Tiananmen Square m Beijing de- 
manding redress for his previous 
imprisonment as a political dissi- 
dent in 1966 and 1976. 

China Acts to Silence 14 Jailed Tibetan Nuns 

The Associated Press 

BEIJING — Tibetan Buddhist nuns who recorded 
pro-independence songs from their jail cells have had 
their sentences doubled or tripled a human rights 
group said Monday. 

The London-based Tibet Information Network said 
the 14 nuns previously faced an average of five years in 
prison but now have terms ranging from nine to 17 

The action will not help China's chances in Wash- 
ington of winning renewal of its low-tariff trade status, 
which the Clinton administration has linked to human 

ed that China protect “Tibet’s distinctive rdigioas and 
cultural heritage." 

The United States haded China’s release last month 
of two prominent Tibetan prisoners, but word came 
shortly after of new arrests and sentendngs in Decem- 
ber and January. 

The Tibet Information Network said its informa- 
tion about the nun’s kmger terms came from unofficial 
sources inside Tibet The women were in prison for 
taking part in peaceful demonstrations for Tibetan 
independence, it said 

The of Gecamines is a 

tragedy nof only for Zaire, but po- 
tentially for aD of sub-Saharan Af- 
rica, many Western and African 
analysts say. And with borders so 
Irwig th«t they touch mne other Af- 
rican countries, the chaos, political 
tension and misery in Zaire could 
have a staggering effect elsewhere. 

The demise of die ^ mimiw 
company has brought harsh 
rfmngM to the 800,000 inhabitants 
of Lubumbashi, Zaire’s second- 

the roads, in part because no fad 
has been delivered to die oof’s gas 
stations since November. 

On any given day, tecs of thou- 
sands of people, many with grim, 
dejected races and tattered clothes, 
sit idhr along the s tre ets of the 
sprawling stems where most of 
them live. About 2JX)0 are still 
technically employed by Geca- 
mines. box most of them have not 
been paid for months. 

The complaints of the Geca- 
mmes employees, in chance en- 
counters on the streets* are similar: 
Food is scarce, there are no jobs 
and no money, and Shaba’s wealth 
has been squandered by cor rup t 
bureaucrats in Kinshasa, Zaire s 
capital 1,800 kflometeis (1,100 
mues) to the north. 

The company produced 450,000 
tons of copper as recently as 1990. 
This year, mining specialists say, it 
is highly doubtful that all of Zaire 
wiDbeable toproduce 60,000 tons. 

The immediate mnw of the'dis- 
mtegratioa of Gecamines’ copper 
and cobalt operations is both polit- 
ical and economic.. . 

La the latel 980s, Gecamines pre- 
pared a S702 nrilhoa investment 
plan to overhaul the a ging machin- 
ery aM equipment It obtained fr 
c onmntxnca tt from- the 
World Bank, the African -Develop- 
ment Bank and the European Com- 

The deal fell through, reportedly 
after evidence was uncovered sag- 
gesting that the company's profits 
were being siphoned off to. pay the. 
salaries of government soldiers 
based in Shaba as well as to finance 
the state railway and river trans- 
port companies. 

But the company’s taQspin be- 

S n in October 1991, when fora- 
ys of looting and burning by dis- 
gruntled army soldiers wrecked 
much of LubnmbashTs downtown 
area and abut down vutaaJfy all 
mining operations in the region. 
Dozens of people were killed in the 

The United States, France and 
Belgium had virtually cutoff assis- 
tance because of President Mobu- 
tu’s chaotic economic policies and 
his refusal to share power, and the 
soldiers had not been paid in 

Unrest erupted again in the 
fining of 1992, this rime causing 
the flight of most of the French and 
Belgian expatriate mining techni- 
cians, as well as Greek and Leba- 
nese merchants who contributed 
much to the local economy. 

Some estimates indicate that as 
many as 6,000 foreigners fled in 
1991 and 1992, and it appears Oat 
very few have returned- 

What little chance remained that 
Gecamines might get a desperately 
needed cash infusion from foreign 
donors and investors was com- 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (Renters) — Pakistani commandos stormed 
rh<- Af ghan PjnhMiare on Monday, tiffing three Afghan gunmen who had 
been holding five c&fldren -and a teacher hofiagefar two days. 

“AH thednldren and the teacher wercrescued without a scratchy" said 
an Interior Ministry offidaLJamshed Budo. "Ihe operation is aver.” - 

He said that apart from the three gnnma?, there otter 
casualties. Several dozen commandoes rushed into the embassy after a 
Mast in the building, w i tne sses said. The gunmen had released most of the 
73 children and teaches taken hostage whoa they hijacked a school bus 
on Sunday in Peshawar. TTicy had demanded 2,000 truckloads of foodfor 
the beteagoeretf Afghan capital KabnL- , ’ - 

Mexican Peace Negotiations Begin . 

SAN CRISTOBALDE LAS CASAS, Mexico (Reuters) —The Mod- . 
can government and rebds opened formal peace talks Monday aimed: at 
ending a neariytwo-mtmth-cadupriangrp the southern state of Chiapas. 

A spokesman for the Roman Catholic bishop who is mediating, the 
talkx jnrid tbegovermnenTs envoy, Manuel Camacho Sobs, aud 19 leaders 
of the Zapatista National liberation Army, including the rebel leader 
who calls himself Commander Marcos, began talks under heavy security 
indie main cathedral in San Cristobal delasCuiK' - 

More than 100 people died in the 
rich began New Year's Day whe 

winch began New Year's Day when the rebels seized several Chiapas 
cities, mduding Sari GristobiL'Tlx! Zapatistas are demanding sodal and 
political reforms. ... 

6 th Frenchman Is Kflledm iUgiers 

- AIX3IERS(Al^—AFieMhmmiwasrfic«andkiIkdM(HHtey aithc 
bookstore he tan in central Algiers, security officials said. 

The man, Jruxjuus Gran,- was the sixih French national and 28th 
foreigner' to die since Mtafim fundamentalists began a guerrilla war 
against the Algerian authorities in 1991 . - - 

The conflict, which has churned at least 3,000 lives; began after the 
gove rnm ent canceled die second round of a general election that the 
fundamentalist Idanric SaJvafiob Frote ' appeared almost certain to id 
win. The Islamic Front was outlawed, and ra leaders are in prison for 
state security offenses, . . . - 

Malaysian Aide Swim In' After Dejay 

KOTA. KINABALU, Malaysia (Reutos) -— The leader of, a tribal 
party was sworn in Monday as chief minister of the Malaysian island 
stale of Sabah after camping outside the locked gates of the governor’s 
house for 36 hotnsina tense standoff. . ,.v , . . . . : 

edged oat Fhnnehfinister Mahathxrbin Mfdmmad’s^^^ml Franltoolc 
the oath of office in -uridmanring after waiting outside t he governor’s. 

mmoiM once Saturday night ’v.. ■ 

■ ■» & ! A . ' ; ’ •• ... ;.*■ . 

Coire^ion .^. 

A New Yodt Tfanes article, published m the IHFs editions oTF& 17, 
about thn synthesizing of the^ anti-cancer drug taxoT finsstated the 
-sequencein whkb papCTs amounting tbeadricyqpcnt were accepted for ' 
publication. The first to beicceptod was by Dr. K.C. Nicolaou of the 
Saipps Research Institute and Ins colleagues; a paper by a group led by 
Dr. Robert Holton erf Florida State University was the fist ^submitted. 

Basel Starts 'Cultivated’ Carnival 

BASEL, Switzerland (AF) — Tnie to Swiss traditions of punctuality, 
BaseFs town lights woe switched off at 4AJU. Monday, there was a 
second of sflence,a brief dicer and then the sounds of thousands fifes and 
drams as the d^s tlmioday caotival began. _ . 

The carnival is one of the oldest in the world, dating to 1376. “Avoid 
drunkenness" was fisted on ihe.lut of “donV in the official program, 

singing sessions. • . 

'Tt’s not our tradition to get wildly drunk,’’ an official said. “If* a very 
cultivated casrivaL” 

An expressway west of VeraaSes in the Paris region froze up early 
Monday during a suddea.coid snap, stranding hundr eds of driven for 
hours. .• • (AFP). 

The British government wffl seek bids this week: for setting up tall 
systems on expressways, Transport Secretary Jplm MacGregor an- 
nounced. ' (Reuiers) 

world Bank, citing Zaire's long- 
standing arrears in debt payments, 
dosed its entire operation in the 
country. It was the strongest action 
the bank has ever taken against a 
member country. 

Italy Expresses Its Outrage 
Over Swiss Trucking Ban 

• Reuters 

ROME — Italy on Monday criticized a Swiss refatncfaini banning 
foreign trades from crossing the country by road by the year 2004 
and said Rome would move'to defend its c nrnmefwai — . 

Transport M i n iste r Bafacfle Costa asked the European. U nion , to 
call an urgent meeting of transport ministers to discuss the effects of 
the Swiss vote. Mr. Costa said that although all European commies 
wanted to switch more freight from road -to rail t© protect the 
environment, the deadline set by the ref ereadum would be^ “difficult 
if not impossblc" to meet ■■ '• 

He sad 10 years would not be, ennngh to btxOd the necessary 
, infrastructure to load trades onto railway can -and warned that 

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For heaven’s sake, Grace, 1 know it’s easy. 
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p, , r .«B 

si lift 

ises Iran - Contra Role 

By Walter Pmcus 

— Wha^thc^ form a. 
«fliieHott» aidc'Oli^er L.' North o ; saying 
al Qomntation in Virginia appears to contra- 
oia the volrnmndus: retina in one of the* 

nation's roost eateasreejy investigated scan*, 
dais , me Iran-contra affair. . 

Foremost is Mr. North's recenfassertian 

in trading arms to Iran to help be' Anwi- 
cans held hostage in Lebanon. By contrast, 
the nearly seven-year Iran-contra —«—***«— 
non by an independent counsel, _ 
nal testimony by other officials h. 
the scandal and Mr. North's own autobiog- 
raphy indicate be was as architect aad zeaL 
oosi sripponerof tbeann^fcu-hostagesdeals. 

On the CBS News program “Face the 
Nation’' Jan. 30, Mr. North was asked v»fcy 
he sent anns-to Iran m violation of .Reagan 
a drmnfa ration policy, which Mr. North 
helped u> write, that no r> **sk'rre 
be made to teoorists. • . 

Mr. North responded that- h e wad flmnn g 
those who had opposed President Ronald 
Reagan’s setting arms lo.-iran to .iuip free 
hostages. That answer ran co n t rary to cgb- 

gresskmal ‘and. court records and to Mr. 
NorUfs'own ixxA — -aC of which portray 
him as an npriattnr and aratimang supporter 
of thearms shipments. 

Two days earlier, on the ABC News pro- 
Kline," Mr-North was asked if he 
pubBohero status he gained % 
Ins tdcrised confrontation with die House- 
Senate triutcontra investigating co mmit tees 
in July 1987 had in tee long run created his 
chance to ma for the Senate. Mr. North 
responded by daiming he had not wanted m 
testify at aH “Apd," he added, “we certainly 
didn t want to Hake it public." 

- Mr. North's answer contradicted congres- 
sional, rerords, that shew h was his lawyer 
who. ituaofH that e nn^n w tw questioning 
take place in pnb&c, ooce the Manncheu ten- 
ant coiooel Bad been given immunity bran 
prosecution fci what he said. 

Mr. Neath’s veracity has become an issue 
is iris campaign against a former Reagan 
administration rrffjriai , T»n»t c. mow 3d, 
for- the Senate nonrinatxm. 

Senator John W. Warner, a Republican of 
Virginia, has declared Mr. North unfit far 
the Senate [because he Bed to Cos^cbs dur- 
ing hu testimony. ■ ■ 

. Last week, a retired army major-general 

John K. Snglaub, who in the 1980s waked 
with Mr. Noth to hap arm the Nicara g u an 
contra rebels, questioned the honesty of his 
onetime colleague, in announcing hb sup- 
port for Mr. Miller, he accused Mr. North of 
“lying to me as he has to his other col- 



lewouM Ire to protect himself, "he said. 
“He fantasized so maty things.” 

• A June Reader’s Digest article entitled 
“Does Oliver North Tdl the Truth?” is being 
circulated among voters in Northern Vugm- 
ia by an anti-North group. It concluded that 
many forma- colleagues from the Reagan 
administration “now say he cannot be trusi- 
edto tell the troth — in speech arm print — 
about Iran-contra or much else.” 

- A former National Security Councfl con- 
sultant, Michad Ledeen, told Reader’s Di- 
gest that Mr. North, when be worked at the 
White House, “had trouble distinguishing 
between what was true and what he wished 
to be true.” 

On “Face die Nation,” Mr. North said be 
had iuK advocated trading arms for hostages, 
that it was Mr. Reagan who insisted on it. 
Mr. Reagan, accor di n g to Mr. North, said: 
“We've tried everything else. We’re going to 
try this." 

Mr. North said that Mr. Reagan “did it 
over the objections of a number of us who 
thought that was not a good thing to do." 

Until that statement. Mr. North had por- 
trayed himself as a believer in the secret arms 
shipments. In his 1991 autobiography, “Un- 
der Fire,” Mr. North wrote: “At the time, it 
seemed that selling a small amount of arms 
to Iran was worth the risk to try to make it ail 

“The decision us proceed was aade well 
above my level," he wrote, “but 1 became a 
wfliing participant.” 

According to congressional and court re- 
cords. he was more than a willing partio- 
pant b was Mr. Noth, for example, who 
proposed in December 1985 changing the 
system from seeding Israel -owned, U.S.- 
made arms to Iran and in q<^d covertly ship- 
ping US. arms directly from American 
stocks, apian that Mr. Reagan approved the 
next month. 

Later in 1986, when the then-national se- 
curity adviser, Admiral John M. Poindexter, 
with Mr. Reagan’s approval baited arms 
shipments mi til ah the American hostages 
were released, it was Mr. North who encour- 
aged resuming the shipments after only one 
hostage was freed. 


Clinton Vaguti on Contents of CHnu Blli 

WASHINGTON ~~ For all of Bis administration's new «n pb*q< 
on crime. President ESQ Clinton- has been intentionally vague on 
major components of the ate-cantoHBteat passed theSenateandis 
about to be hashed out in the House of Representatives. 

In December, Mr. Qintdn endorsed a toagfr-soandmg provision, 
known as "three strikes and you’re out,” that woofrreqmre life in 

third, viotati felony. 

The White' Rouse also has sad that federal funds should be 
provided for tnixe local police, that certain semiautomatic firearms 
should be banned and that the death sentenceshonld he applied to 
killers of law officers. Beyond tint, Mr. Cfihion and his Department 
of Jnstice have remained largely sflenl on tbe trifl, which critics 
contend concentrates too ranch on punishment and not enough rat ., 

The House can choose between two versions of the “three strikes 
and yon’re out” provision in the Senate NIL Mr. .Oioton has not sad 
which one he meant when he said such a plan should be en acted. 
Senator Joseph R. BideaJr., Democrat of Delaware, the chairman ctf 
the Judiciary Committee, tfoagrees with the entire conoept 

But Mr. Uintan’spatttieal advisers beBeve heshodd stick by the 
Ml for reasons of image as weftas substance. . 

“Three-strikes-yoa’rEHJUl is n very powerful statement to the 
American people, that the government reflects your values and' 
understands your rage,” said Stanley Greenberg, the preadenfs 
pollster. “Tbs is not just about patting people behind bras,” he 
added. “This is about values.” (NTT) 

HealUi^wFIglilMov— to Hou»» Panels 

WASHINGTON (Reutra)— Aftermcaitbs at poationmg, politi- 
cal speeds' and hrad-care lobbying by ipecml interest groups,. 
mngiwwnMi mrmTwtt een are finally ready m begin voting. rat 
Prudent CSntan’s hadth care reform plan. 

Lawmakers expect a nuyor reform HB to be approved, but are- 
braced for aburagy ride when Congress returns tram a cne-wcdc 
recess Tassday. Most prerfict major thangesm Mr.G&rton’s jdan, 
the most sweeping social legislation smee-the New WL ■ 

Main areas rf pootxuvecsy metode Etouse propos als to 
mandate that emHoyecrpay 80 pax^ oFwoiiere' nodical p ram- ' 
create mandatory state-run insurance allianc e s and., set tight 
caps on fee growth erf insurance pre m i um s. . 

Action wffl begin in the House, where twopandstope to approve 
paraBd versions .of the biH m eariV to mid-March. .The hea lth and 
anuronmmxreboonmrittee of the Eaexgy and Co mmerc e Cannmt- 
teehas Mr. Ctia tern’s bill untfl Mnch 4, vdrSe a w b oo mmt ttctr the 
Ways and Means Cannnftfiee wants to wap . up wodrby 
Hie Ihiuse Edneation and Labor Committee also has jurisdiction 
over the HB. 

Asked whether ie expected trouble ra mandalcv affiances and 
pranimn caps, a Hotee radearad. ’Yes, yesand jes?* ■ ... 


Representative Al Swift, Democrat of Washington, who isiritiring 
this year after 16 years m. the Hoose; “Tm getting irritated at those 
who are retiring from theinsiimtiori aad leaving by savanna iL They 
'can’t get anything done;' theleaderdup won’t hdp.’ I find a lot-« 
sdf-soving m that They blame the institution vriien it’s reaBy tear 
inability to adrieveaoteetHng"! . . .. .. . (W 

So Far, Labor Pulls Punches 

Democrats Who Backed NAFTA Meet little Retaliation 

By R. W. Apple Jr. 

Afar York Tones Strike 
CHICAGO — Three months 
ago. Congress heeded President 
Bill Chuton s wishes, ignored those 
of organized labor and narrowly 
approved tee North American Free 
’Hade Agreement The unions, out- 
raged, vowed to retaliate gainst 
the Democratic members of Con- 
gress who supported Mr. Clinton. 

Since then, relations between the 
White House and the unions have 
been patched up a bit, enough so 
rtmt Lane KirirfanH, the president 
of the AFL-C30, sat next to HBLny 
Rnrfham Hwiton as the president 
delivered iris Stare of die Union 
address last month. 

Bui 31 will persists, and if labor is 
going to make good on its threat, 
sow is tee time; starting with the 
primary election in nfcnnig on 
March 15. So far, the unions’ Hte 
has not their baric, and 

most of tee retribution has been far 
more symbolic than snbslantive. 

On the national lord, labor has 
COt off all financial support to the 
main Democratic committees, tbe 
Democratic National Committee 
and the ^nipni^n committees that 
support Senate and House candi- 
dates. But the committees , which 
raised more than SI million from 
rations last year, play hole role in 

tee primaries , ana they expect can- 
ftjhntifliK to resumejn time far the 
-ML campaign.- 

- On the state lewd, tee Illinois 
federation of labor refused last 
month to endorse three congress- 
men who supported the trade 
agreement: Dan Rostenkowski and 
Md Reynolds of Chicago and 
Richard J. Durbin of Sp rin g fi el d . 
But it did sot endorse tee oppo- 
nents of the three, either, and, so 
far at least, fiew union volunteers 
and fewer union dollars have been 
camnmted to battle. 

. “We didn’t want to do anything 
to help these guys," said Robert 
Healey, tee president of the CHca- 
► labor federation, "but we don’t 


beat them, either.’ 

“Take Rosty, fra example,” be 
said, referring to Mr. Rostenkw- 
skL “You’re not gong to see our 

By Eric Schmitt 

New York Tima Serna 

HOWER — When lieutenant Sal- 

fice aboard this aircraft carrier off 
Virginia the other day, a male saOor 
answered and called tb'Hs boss, 
“Hey, there’s a Keutenani dnek on 
the phone fra you.” 

Minutes later, tee saBor’s angry 
supervisor hauled tee young man 
before lieutenant Fountain, a 31- 
year-old dectwmc warfare officer 
on EA-6B radar-jamming plane*, 
to apologize formally- for his re- 
mark. “It showed, me teat men^ qn 
board are trying to nip that stuff m 
the bud,” lieutenant Fountain 

wiA ' ' 

Old habits die hard ia tbe 
Navy, which for' more teanjwo 

years has been battered by . tee Tsil- 
hook scandal and the bungled in- 
vestigations into sexual assanhs on 
dozens of women by jrilpts a-, 
volved. Bui men and «M«n h« 
say tbe supervisor' 's response shows 
that tlie navy is learning from the 
episode and fighting to correct t« 
behavior teat gave the service such 
self-inflicted wounds. 

' Increasing opportunities for 
women m rite navy are one cl the 
major rfiangps. Steaming 70 rnfles 
(about 110 kflometers) off tee V5r- 
gima. coast dns wedr, the Eisen- 
hower is the first navy waisto to 
integrate women. Last fafl Con- 
gress fifteda ban agirihrt tear serv- 
ing on comhat : veasds. Womoi 
. have saved on sc^pfy and fuel 
teips since 1978. ■ ^ 

The fira womeh^are 'ccanmg 
aboard the carrier now, and when it 
leaves in October for a. six-month 
tourm the Mediterranean ^and In- 
dian Oceans, there wHl be about 
500 women among the 5,000 offi- 
cers arid enlisted perenod. Wom- 
en wiB da the srane jobs as men, 
from .flying combat m patrols to' 
naming tbe. shfrf s engzneering de- 
partmeat. • ... 

' *Tmn0taravecxuHghteteiakI 
won’t have to confrc®! attitudes 
.and stenot$pes,<butif 1 can show 
. my male colleagues l ean dp the 
job, IUbe accepted,” mid lieuten- 
.- ant Hleo Moore, 31, an A-6bcanb- 
er maintenance supervisor. . 

The aircraft earner ju rats of tee 
last aR-xmile bastions .in te e . mDi- 
taiy. As such, the Bri, as the crew 

calls tee ship, will be a floating 
laboratory for many changes navy 
leaders have made in the last two 
years to prevent another debacle 

In one of the first changes that 
wiH be recraded on this floating 
laboratory. Lieutenant Shannon 
Warkman, 27, an EA-6B plot from 
Cnmberiand, Ivlaryland, completed 
her final ^arrier-ianding require- 
ments last week to qnanfy as tbe 
navy’s test female pilot who is 
ccam>raready.“Np one wants to gp 
into’ coiribat,” tee sud, “but if 
wefecaBed upon to do that, that's 
• what TVe been training fra.” 
v On the Eisenhower, other 
.diraiges are both physical and be- 
havioral The navy spent $1 J mil- 
lion to co n vert staterooms and 
bunks into private sleeping quar- 
ters 'and, bathrooms for women. 
The skk bay wmr has a specially 

fitted examination room for wom- 
en, and ship’s stores stock feminine 
hygiene products and cosmetics. 

' Commanders have ironed out 
difficulties along the way. Navy en- 
gineer, for example, originally 
warned to pot the bates and bath- 
rooms fra aB 500 women together 

braiding trades out trying to pull 
him down. He’s brought too many 
big projects to Chicago, Kke the 
Kennedy Expressway, and that’s 
' plenty of jobs.” 

The stronger of Mr. Rostenkow- 
skfs two main opponents in the 
primary, John CuBerton, would 
seem an ideal vehicle for the ex- 
pression of labor’s ire. Mr. CuDer- 
ton, a state senator, has a strongly 
pro-labor voting record and comes 
from an old-tine Chicago political 
family one of whose members 
helped found the electrical workers 

“If they had endorsed me. I’d be 
getting money already, and 1 need 
h,” he said. “As it is, Ite authorized 
to go to onions and ask, bnt that 
takes time. I’m working hard, and 
I'm hopeful, but no real labor 
port bis materialized yet. 

By beating or even seriously 
challenging incumbent Democrats 
this year, some politicians argue, 
labor would only be cutting off its 
nose to spice hs face. 

“What does labor want more 
chan anything right now?” asked 
W illiam M. Daley, the son and 
brother of Chicago mayors, who 
headed the Clinton administra- 
tion's campaign for the trade agree- 
ment during a brief stint in Wash- 
ington. TT1 tell you, it wants health 
care reform, and the person who 
can probably best carry them 
through oQ'teai in the Congress is 
Danny Rostenkowski.” 

Such talk infuriates W illiam H. 
Bywater, the head of the electrical 
workers union, whose membership 
has been cut in half in tee last two 
decades, largely by foreign compe- 
tition. Mr. Bywater said that if 
“some of those people want to be 
wimps, let than.” 

At the annual meeting of the 
AFL-C30, the largest U.S. labor 
organization, white opened Mon- 
day in Bal Harbour, Flordia, Mr. 
Bywater was looking for allies 
gmrwig al iens li ke those of the 
mine waters, ante workers and 
teamsters. He hopes to take rat all 
25 House members who voted 
against tee »ni»n position on the 
free-trade agreement and tec strik- 
er-replacement bill and at least a 


in one part of the ship. But if a 
woman was working at the other 
end of the carrier — which is as 
long as three football fields — she 
would have a tong hike bade to the 
bathroom. So officers here created 
pockets of sleeping quarters for 
women throughout the ship. 

Commanders an tee carrier must 
alro deal a ziew threat to their, 

military missions: romance. Sex' 
aboard ship is, erf course, prohibit- 
ed, as it has always been. But so is 
dating. Men and women are barred 
from stealing away together to 
dark, secluded spots. 

“We probably can't stop aB sex- 
ual harassment, but can decrease 
the most obvious and obnoxious 


' He is counting on Hs expe ri ence 
as captain of a supply ship with 60 
femme crew members during tee 
Gulf War to help him through the 
transition sow. 



fl£W YORK R» Nation of 
un leader, Louis Farrakhan, 
s blades have suffered, a holo- 

« “100 times worse" than Jews, 

teal Jews focus only on tear 
i history because they control 

madia. ^ _ • . 

Ar. Farrikhan, in an 
wu over tee weetetd on Blade 
lertanunem Televison , atsosa id 
jaw a Jewish media conspiracy 
lestroy him. . 

fe warned “silly adritts who 
pill want to harm him! Tty-tt 
1 see how foug you last,” 

Tie remarks woe Mr- Farrat- 
i’s first public comments am*- 
held a news conference emr; 

a speech teat' Jews aodftire Wood 
of the Hate community. _ 

; But Mr.- Fanakhsn, wh3e ’ he 
called Mr. Muhammad’s stato- 
ments “ i c p Mp a nt," ratoated test 


/- Jewish leaders condopned'Mr. 
Farrakhan’s comments after . ti»' 
: jmjgram. ' 

- Tfs time for Americans to un- 
derstand once and for. aH thajanti- 
Semitian is central -to Lotus Far- 
rakhan’s: agenda,? said Rabbi 
Marvin Hicr, dete andTounder of 
.tee SanonWiesemhal Center. “IBs 
m&mvgbaT fc to sow rfiscoid- be- 
tween- Africaa- Americans --and 
Jews.” ’J : .-■“■1 ■ 

“ The Anti-Defamation Leag» 

. ffnai ffrite took out a'M*p^cad 

inTbeNewYodc Tunes last month 
to publkaze and denounce Mr.Mu- 
hammad’s speech, prompting news 
stories about iL 

Mr, Fanaltean said tbe modem 
rased tee question, “Is there Jew- 
ish manipulation of tire media?” 

' When the Anti-Defamation 

dnStTmoL started writmg^Mr. 
Farrakhan nmd. “Ami tee writers, 
if you kwk at tear names, most of 
their *»»™a are Jewish, and. they 
wrote similarly throughout the 
countiy." • 

‘ He added: .“So I see a conspira- 
cy. I don’t loaow what oteen see, 
hit- tee ^conspiracy is^ ^tp destroy 
. LoaisFanakhan and the Nation H 
Islam.” . 

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dozen whose only major transgres- 
sion was on tbe trade agreement. 

But as American politicians have 
been saying at least since John 
Quincy Adams, you cannot beat 
someone with no one. aad many of 
labor's potential targets have no 
primary opposition. 

Almost nowhere have unions ac- 
tively promoted a rival Democratic 
candidate in an effort to unseat an 
incumbent. An exception to the 
rule is Ohio's First District in Cin- 
rinnari where the state AFL-CIO 
and the autoworkers have lined up 
b ehin d State Senator Bill Bowen, 
hoping to deny a second term to 
David S. Mann, a freshman House 
member who supported the trade 

“You may run into a few more 
cases in New York and California 
before the year is out” Mr. Kirk- 
land said. Bat he has made it clear 
that he is not interested in a cen- 
trally organized campaign of bal- 
lot-box retribution. 

Some leaders of individual 
iminni contend that if they do not 
retaliate; they Hill lose their credi- 
bility, and with it their ability to 
influence future votes. 

But the fact is that labor’s clout 
has already shrunk markedly. 
Unions represent only 16 percent 
of the work force, and union lead- 
ers do not even pretend to control 
their members’ votes. 

Away From Politics 


A storm in southern California triggered mod slides, flooded roads, and caused three deaths in 
highway accidents. The storm took its heaviest toll in the celebrity enclave of Malibu, shown 
here, where hillsides stripped of vegetation by wildfires collapsed, unleashing torrents of mud. 

• The world is just one antibiotic away from having 
incurable bacterial pneumonia, according to Dr. 
Alexander Tomasz. a leading researcher. Some of 
tee bacteria that cause pneumonia have acquired 
resistance against nearly all tbe available antibiotic 
drugs, be said He said that all over the world there 
were mutant strains of bacteria that were resistant 
to every antibiotic except vancomycin. 

• The man accused of ktomg a doctor outside a 
Florida abortion clinic nearly a year ago went on 
trial on Monday in Pensacola. Michael F. Griffin. 
32, is planning to plead temporary insanity. 

• At least two-dozen Haitian migrants en route to 
Florida in an overcrowded Mat were feared 
drowned after their vessel sank in shark-infested 
waters, the Coast Guard said Monday. 

■ People wbo slow down after retirement may 
speed up their slide toward tbe grave, say doctors 
studying what keeps people healthy and alert into 
their 70s, 80s and beyond “Just as you can become 
a physical couch potato, you can also become a 
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science convention in San Francisco. 

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A Plan to Extend the ‘Sarajevo Model 9 

By John Kifner 

iVfw York Times Service 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia- Herzegovi- 
na — Buoyed by their success in 
moving Serbian guns off the hills 
around Sarajevo, United Nations 
and NATO commanders were 
planning Monday to swiftly im- 
pose similar ultimatum operations 
on other encircled Bosnian cities, 
probably starting with Mostar. ac- 
cording to Western and Bosnian 

The action could come within 48 
hours, persons familiar with the 
p lanni ng said. Sir Michael Rose, 
the UN commander on the ground 
here, was meeting with the Bosnian 
government Monday night to dis- 
cuss the plans. 

General Rose and Admiral Jer- 
emy M, Boorda of the United 
States, the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization commander whose 
air power enforces the ultimatum, 
began discussing the plans this 
morning as reports from the Held 
indicated that the Serbs had either 
pulled back their heavy weapons 
from a ZQ-kjlomeler ( 12.4-mile) ra- 
dius of the city or put them under 
UN control. 

After 22 months of siege and 
spurred by widespread outrage 
over a single mortar shell on a 
crowded market that killed 68 
pie, NATO had ordered the 
to remove their artillery, mortars, 
tanks and rocket launchers within 
the 10 days that ended at 1 A.M. 

CLINTON: Next Step for NATO 

Continued from Page 1 

turn to reach a comprehensive po- 
litical settlement," said the White 
House press secretary, Dee Dee 

Defense Secretary W illiam J. 
Perry called the agreement by both 
Muslims and Serbs to remove their 
artillery or place them under UN 
control “the first psychological 
breakthrough we have seen for 
peace in Bosnia.” 

Mr. Perry said the prime objec- 
tive was “to secure the gain we’ve 
already made” before “seriously 
considering" extending ultimatums 
to other areas of Bosnia. “These 
options are certainly weeks away,” 
he said. "They’re not days away." 

As he assessed the passing of Lhe 
NATO deadline, Mr. Clinton said 
Monday he was “quite concerned" 
that Serbian heavy weapons could 

be shifted to other beaded Muslim 

NATO plans to subject the Sara- 
jevo area to “intensive reconnais- 
sance and monitoring," Mr. Gin- 
ton added during the brief televised 
statement from the White House. 

He cited UN and NATO com- 
manders as saying that Muslim and 
Serbian militias were “in effective 

BOSNIA: 2 Sides Set Agreement 

Continued from Page 1 

Croats and Muslims of Bosnia, 
who together make up more than 
60 percent of the total population, 
in the same state. 

The U.S. ambassador to the UN, 
Madeleine Albright, suggested as 
much during a television interview 
Sunday when she said the United 
States was “suggesting a new 
framework for the negotiations." 

Other U.S. officials, apparently 
anxious to avoid irritating the EU, 
which has become the main pro- 
moter of the three-way ethnic parti- 
tion plan, have described it as “a 
parallel process." 

However, there are still grave 
doubts here that this new approach 
being encouraged by the Clinton 
administration has any better 
chance of being accepted by all 
three warring Bosnian factions 
than the two or three that have 

For instance, both Croatian offi- 
cials and diplomatic sources were 
hard put to come up with many 
reasons why the Bosnian Serbs 
might be attracted to join a confed- 
eration tint would link them to 
Croatia, their principal enemy, 
rather than to Serbia, their natural 

The Bosnian Serbs, who present- 
ly control 72 percent of Bosnia and 
have set up their own republic, 
have repeatedly stated their inten- 
tion to break away and form part of 
a “Greater Serbia.” 

Some analysts here said it was 
not clear whether the new U.S.- 

backed approach to ending the 22- 
month-old Bosnian conflict was a 
last-ditch attempt to find a basis 
for keeping all of Bosnia together 
or really one preparing that war- 
weary country for partition into 
two separate independent states of 

roughly equal size. 

compliance” with NATO's ultima- 
tum. But Mr. Clinton was largely 
noncommittal when asked if a simi- 
lar NATO deadline could be ex- 
tended to other mainly Muslim cit- 
ies in Bosnia where military 
pressure from Serbian forces is re- 
portedly intense. 

“If we deride to pursue this as a 
strategy,” he said, “we think it is 
important, as we did in Sarajevo, 
that NATO not undertake any mis- 
sion it is not fully capable of per- 

General John Shaiikashvili, 
chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs 
of Staff, cautioned at a Pentagon 
briefing against a rapid expansion 
of NATO’s role elsewhere in Bos- 

“This is the time to consolidate 
wfaat we appear to have achieved in 
Sarajevo and make sure that it is 
working there before we overreach 
some place else,” he said. 

The U.S. secretary of state; War- 
ren M. Christopher, said at a State 
Department meeting with Prime 
Minister Haris SQajdzic of Bosnia: 
“NATO resolve has resulted in 
some moments of peace in Saraje- 
vo, and I think a new hope for die 

After days of negotiations, a 
late-hour face-saving Russian in- 
tervention and a frantic deadline 
struggle with snow-dogged roads, 
the Serbs managed to satisfy UN 
officials- By late Monday after- 
noon. a UN spokesman said, “the 
last piece of metal” had been 
turned in. 

The military commanders want 
to move fast to capitalize on the 
momentum they have gotten in the 
wake of the market bombing and 
the world attention focused on the 
brutal Bosnian war. 

General Rose has moved quickly 
to capitalize on changing condi- 
tions, improvising tactics as be goes 

He is operating under a man- 
date, he has said, “whereby t flying 
by the seat of my pants, am actually 
going to be a pan of a coherent 
strategy which links and relates ev- 
erything together." 

Following the marketplace 
bombing, he brokered a cease-fire 
between the Sate and Bosnians 
that is still bolding after 10 days 
and bringing a rare calm to tins 
battered city. He then used the 
threat of NATO air strikes to ham- 
mer out plans for the weapons 
withdrawal or turnover. 

“General Rose believes we can 
build on the Sarajevo model,” one 
of his aides said, “and use it in 

other parts of Bosnia to break the 
back of this war.” 

“We've had great success around 
Sarajevo over the past 10 days, but 
there’s no way to maintain an is- 
land of peace in a sea of war,” the 
aide said. 

The southwestern city of Mostar, 
which has been under seige by Cro- 
atian separatists for months, is a 
prime candidate to be the next site 
of the ultimatum tactic. 

it became a symbol for the sav- 
agery of tins war —where popula- 
tions, religious edifices and cultural 
landmarks are treated as military 
targets — late last year when its 
graceful Ottoman bridge collapsed 
under shelling. 

Mostar, a senior staff officer 
said, “would link in lhe third de- 
ment, namely the Croats." 

The removal of the heavy weap- 
ons that bombarded Sarajevo — 
provided that surveillance and the 
threat of future air strikes keeps 
them from returning — may drasti- 
cally change the course of the Bos- 
nian war. 

“We’ve seen the high-water mark 
of the Serbs,” a Western analyst 
said. “From now on they are losers. 
They win not be able to capture 

“Further,” he said, “their army, 
having given up without firing a 
shot, will become increasingly de- 
moralized and critical of its 

A woman wafting Monday past flowers laid at 

‘Living Like Rats/ the People o 

By David B. Ottaway 

Washington Past Service 

MOSTAR, Bosnia-Herzegovi- 
na — Razga Tanovic and her 
daughter have lived for nearly 10 
months in the dark basement of 
their shell-bat tered apartment 
b uilding , along with 12 other fam- 
ilies. AH of the families sleep in 
the same room, taking turns cook- 
ing, eating and washing in an en- 
trance han on the ground floor. 

“We just want to be given a 
chance to live as human bangs, at 
(east to die as human beings,” 
Mrs. Tanovic blurted out to a re- 
porter making a rare visit to this 
besieged city, about 80 kilometers 
(SO miles) southwest of Sarajevo. 

Conditions here may make 
those in Sarajevo look like easy 

While the siege of Sarajevo by 

peace efforts in 
areas of Bosnia, 

ievo to other 
as Mostar. 


Bosnian Serbs appears to be lift- 
ing amid international pressure, a 
more severe siege of Mostar's 
Muslim Old Gty by Bosnian 
Croats has gone largely unnoticed 
since it began in May. Only in the 
last few days has any ago of a 
letup here appeared, as UN offi- 
cials have discussed extending the 

The 27,000 people crammed 
into Mostar’s Old CXty are “living 
like rats," said Jerrie Holme, the 
chief UN relief official here. . 

The dry’s inhabitants hive had 
no dean water or electricity since 
the siege began. They have lived 
underground in cellars, storage ar- 
eas ana basements day and night 
to avoid the shelling and sniper 
fixe from Croatian snarpshooters 
across the Neretva River. Until 
here duty. 

“Is the world informed about 
onr plight? Is the media in- 
formed?” Mrs. Tanovic shouted. 
“Do they know we haven't had 
any toouq 
new clothes for 
potatoes, onions, not even pow- 

dered eggs or milk. Do they 

More people died here between 

May 9, 

hygienic items or 
: 10 months? No 

January than in Sarajevo, ac- 
cording to Alga' ADcadte, a local 
official who keeps the figures on 
hand as a grim remind er. Mr. Al- 
kadic has recorded 1,276 deaths 
here between May 9 and Jan. 15, 
compared to 1,097 in Sarajevo, 
which has a population of 

Daring the first 18 days of Feb- 
ruary, 54 people were reported 
killed here, not indudingau three 
members of a visiting Italian tele- 
vision team, and 173 woe wound- 
ed. The Croatian siege of eastern 
Moatar has made fie Serbian 
siege of Sarajevo seem even po- 
rous. Here, fine is no street mar- 
ket to buy even a loaf of bread or 

cigarettes. Nor is there the kind of 
Serbian-fed black market that 
flourishes in Sarajevo and helps 
kero people alive thenv albeit at 
him prices mDentsche marks. . 

In eastern Mostar, no one uses 
money for anything any longer. 
The 55,000, mostly Mnstim inhab- 
itants of die “Mostar pocket,” the 
GMGtyakHig with tite smioand- 
ing area held by Bosnian MusSm 
forces, depend- onfcandouts from" 
the office of die UN Com- 
missioner for Refugees. 

' The refugee office brings in 
flour, beans, sugar; oO, tomato 
paste and yeast it tries toprovide 
every resident with640grams (1.4 
pounds) of food a day, although 
Mir. Holme. said the agency re-. 

her friends, have dreamed up 
countless ways to cook beans, is 
perhaps the OkTGty’s most fam- 
ous woman. She led a sit-in last 
August that blocked a UN refief 
convoy from leaving the city far 
several days. . . 

Bat Mrs. Tanovic, who raided 
off & dated European cities where 
rite used logo for summer vaca- 
tions, was clearly fed up with the 
m^erencetoMostaris plight. • 

Askedwhether the North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization's ulti- 
matum to ms Boshse Serbs to 
remove or surrender their heavy 
weapons around Sarajevo had 
provided a cause for hope here, 
die made it plain that she is not 
one to grasp for straws. 

: ; “Ontyif the agreement there is 
realty respected will it give me 
somehopefor Mostar” shesaid. 

Jnder the three-way partition 
plan now bong discussed in Gene- 
va. the Bosnian government was 
promised at least 333 percent of 
the country and the Croats 173 
percent, giving each an ethic major- 
ity in their areas. Together, this 
would give them 50.8 percent, leav- 
ing the Serbs with the rest 
Nonetheless, after a day of talks 
with Croatian officials hoe, the US. 
mediator, Charles E Redman, ex- 
pressed optimism that the Clin ton 
administration’s efforts to bring 
about a reconciliation between the 
Bosnian and Croatian governments 
and a new joint peace proposal had 
a chance of succeeding. 

He said that what be had been 
told by President Franjo Tudjman 
of Croatia was “very encouraging" 
and described his meeting with him 
as “exceptionally good." 

Mr. Tudjman’s support for the 

J ilan is regarded as crucial. He has 
ong harbored his own designs far 
creating a “Greater Croatia" that 
would include the southwest portion 
of Bosnia known as Herzegovina. 

He would have to accept a sepa- 
rate Bosnian entity, albeit rate 
linked in a confederation to Cro- 
atia, whDe Bosnian Croats would 
have to accept being a minority in a 
Muslim-dominated federal state. 

U,§. Troops FARES: A Lone Japanese Crusader Battles for Greater Airline Discounts KOREA: 

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By Lee Hocks tader 

Washington Pan Service 

MOSCOW — The Russian de- 
fense minister, in an extraordinary 
bit of public diplomacy, held a tele- 
vised conversation on Monday 
with his UJS. counterpart and sug- 
gested that Washington should 
send troops to Sarajevo as Moscow 
has done. 

Millions of Russian viewers saw 
Defense Minister Pavel S. Grachev 
telling the U.S. secretary of de- 
fense, William J. Perry, that Ameri- 
can troops should be deployed in 
Mushm-neld areas of Sarajevo to 
stabilize the situation around the 
city. About 400 Russian UN troops 
were deployed in Serbian-held po- 
sitions over the weekend. 

Mr. Perry’s response could not 
be heard in the Russian television 
broadcast, but from General Gra- 
chev’s further remarks it seemed 
dear the American had declined 
the suggestion. General Grachev 
then suggested that British, French 
or German troops could be used. 

In a phone call to Giancellcr 
Helmut Kohl of Germany. Presi- 
dent Boris N. Yeltsin said that Sa- 
rajevo should be transferred to UN 
a dmin istrative control and that 
diplomats should press for a com- 
prehensive accord in Bosnia, ac- 
cording to a Kremlin statement. 

The phone calls came as the 
K remlin continued to crow about a 
triumph of Russian diplomacy in 
Bosnia, and a reassertion of Mos- 
cow's status as a world power. 

reality, of Japan’s political dis- 
course, Mr. Goto was leading a 
charge against the alliance of bu- 
reaucratic, corporate and political 
interests that put producers' inter- 
ests before those of consumers. 
Sounding a bit like Mickey Kantor, 
the UJS. Trade Representative, Mr. 
Goto says be is struggling to liber- 
ate consumers from Japanese air- 
lines and their patrons at the Min- 
istry of Transport who want to 
keep prices high. The evidence, he 
says, is in the numbers. 

For example, a standard round- 
trip ticket bkween Tokyo and the 
southern Japanese island of Okina- 
wa, a two-hour flight, costs 63,000 
yen ($600), more than the cost of 
widely available discount tickets to 
thq West coast of the United States, 
and only a bit less than fares to 
Europe. Slightly cheaper discount 
domestic fares exist, but conditions 
are so onerous that they represent a 
sm all percentage of sales. 

“The bureaucrats are not think- 
ing of the people's interests, bat 
about their prospects for future 
employment," Mr. Goto said, not- 
ing that the presidents or chairmen 
of Japan’s three major airlines are 
ail former Ministry of Transport 

Airiine officials deny any effort 
to pressure wholesalers to cut off 
Mr. Goto's ticket supplies. But one 
said: ‘lie’s a martyr, and that’s the 
way we’d Kke him to remain.” 

To some Mr. Goto’s activities 
appear obsessive, if not slightly 
paranoiac. Mr. Goto^whoissmgje 
and fives at home with his mother, 
says he emoys r eading through the 
finds ink bode of IATA, the Inter- 
national Air Transport Associa- 
tion, winch regulates international 
air fares. He also subscribes to 20 
newspapers and 70 magazines. 

Mr. Goto, who in the early 1970s 
spent three years working in hotels 
in Europe, is something erf a one- 
man consumer advocate. He has 
agitated not only for cheapcr air 
fares, but also for land reform, the 
opening of Japan’s rice market, 
higher pay far taxi drivers, and 
tougher product liability laws. He 
ran for parliament last summer, but 
got only about 1,000 votes. Hie is 
finishing a bock that argues that 
the bursting of Japan's economic 
bubble will improve the quality of 
life by narrowing differences in 
wealth caused by the tripling of 
land values in the late 1980s. 

“Lincoln freed the slaves,” he 
said, explaining his motivations. 

If Mr. Goto sees irimself grandly, 
it is not without cause. He was key 

to the introduction of discount in- 
ternational air fares to Japan. In 
1988, about two yean after the yen 
had doubled in value against the 
dollar, Japanese mtematinnal air 
fares were more than twice those 
overseas. Taking advantage of the 
discrepancy, began- importing 
tickets issued in Hong Kong that 
were routed to various destinations 
via Tokyo. The first kg of die trip 
was amply discarded. 

The tactic worked lot a wink. 
But then Cathay Pacific and Japan 
Air Lines refused to board passen- 
gers with these tickets. Mr. Goto 
was eventually forced to ante up 
die difference between the cheaper 

white keeping a straight face,* he- 

■; Mr. GrKoh^rinrecrmxntnued 
on applying similar tactics to the 
dome^ market Be>- ' 
tickets fjpm wholesalers 
oeen given blocks cf cheap noons 
dtgggnafedfarcoqp tours: He then 
sold these tickets, discounted, as 
much as 50 percents to individuals 
— disr^aiding restrictions on- 
group travel and indorive accom- 
modations^ But tile airlines found 
out who Ms suppliers w^res- 

Mr. Goto has already ^planned 


na-based UN. unclear watchdog, 
until seeing how talks with Ameri- 
can officials this week turned out. 

Tbs atomic energy agency’s di- 
rector-general, Hans Btax, tdd its 
35-member board Of governors 
^Monday. 'that it had informed 
North Korea last week that its in- 
spectors ready to carry out the 

work as soon as visas were issued. 

fn-a telex over the weekend. 
North Korea said it hoped the in- 
spections could take, place “at an 
early date," he added. 

He said that it appeared from the 

overseas fares and those in Japan- —r «*-**•* 

million yen ($4J mOKaaX The anmrtfc ticket* 
Mimstryof TrauportalKi revobxd 

But publicity over his case, 
primed by suits he filed against 
Japan Air Lines, spread news of the 
gaping price differences. What had 
bear a trickle of cheap tickets be- 
came a flood. Today, discounted 
airfares from travel agencies have 
become so commonplace that the 
government will allow Japanese timing will be perfect 
airlines to sell cut-rate intonation- - .“Deregulation is going no- 
al tickets directly from April where," he srid,! a but we can take 
“If we hadn't complained, the advantage of Hosakawa’s iheto- 
airfmes would have gone cm sdfing ric.” . • • _ _ 

: hopes to other force the airimes 
to honor the tickets, or; if not, gen- 
erate enough publicity to advance 
Ms cause. 

With Prime Minister Morihiro 
Hosokawa trumpeting deregula- 
tion of the economy, he says, the 

D-DAY: Septuagenarian Airborne Veterans Will Soar Again on June 6 

bers wffling to make the jump into eranmn with one of two JFfcnch Korea’s Foreign Ministry said 
France m June. The Pentagon, he television crews, who together with Pyongyang Mock mspec- 

says, has been cod to the idea fran a French magazine writer and three po-saLtS: declared sites if pres- 

FhOKh photographers have been sure continued about other rites. If 

Cbutirmed from Page 1 

Medicare, most wore the lean, dis- 
tant look of compulsive marath- 
oners and the quiet, confident de- 
meanor of men long past having 
anything to prove. 

Do not miss the 
February 2dfh edition 
of the International 
Herald Tribune. 





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There was a retired insurance 
salesman, a fire fighter, a watch- 
maker. a trucker and an optome- 
trist in the group, as wdl as Rene 
Dussaq, 83, an Argentine-bom for- 
mer revolutionary, political codie 
and Hollywood stuntman who 
parachuted into occupied France 
two weeks before D-day to help 
lead the French 

According to a citation given to 
Mm by the French government, 
Mr. Dussaq, among many other 
deeds, single-handedly bluffed a 
500-man German ganison into sur- 
rendering to him at Issain and 
also, virtually alone, managed to 
capture the dty of Thiers. 

And there was Richard Man- 
dich, 69, the founder of the Return 
to Normandy Association. He is a 

the date of the i 
of the lAEA inspection with 
dates <rf a “number of specifie ac- 
tiou. measures,” which woe related 
to expected contacts between the 
United States and North Korea. 

The agency was not party to 
Pyongynag’s discussions with 
Washington and had no informa- 
tion about them, he added. 

North Korea pulled out erf the 
Nudear Nonproliferation Treaty 
after the agency demanded to in- 
spect to suspected rites at the 
ropgbyoa nudear complex. It lat- 
er rejoined the organization, and 
last week gave in to threats of UN 
sanctions by agreemgtoopeu seven 
rites to insjtedors. But it has has 
refused fo open IheYongbyon sites 
u> international scrutiny. 

In a statement Monday, North 

the start. 

“They say izTs a matter ctf money 
and liability,” Mr. Manthch says. 
“But of course these men will sign 
any sort of waiver and even pay. 
their own way over if they have to. 
as the The French are absolutely thrilled 
Bazoo- that we’re co ming . Well jump un- 
der their auspices if we mnstTmu it 
would be nice to be under the um- 
brella of our own government- Af- 
ter all that’s the government that 
sent us over there 50 years ago.” 
The French have asked each vet- 
eran to prove Ms fitness by making 
three parachute jumps before com- 
ing. Mr. Martcficfa structured the 
weekend here around a special ar- 
rangement with a local skydiving 
school to let them malm all three 

here documenting the veteran Washington applies pressure, “it 
jumper^ evay tnowt . would be impSe to inmtoent 

men saved myconntiy 50 tfaepoints already agi«d upon," 
.Now, wh«a an unidentified spokesman smd. 

iuk Cbfir.ufe. 

San Diego systems engineer who jumps in two days — a sent of in- 
jumped mto Normandy with the your-face gesture to Pentagon offi- 
101st Airborne and has made this rials. 

To the French, the Pentagon’s 
reservations are a mystery. 

“I don't understand this coun- 
try,” said Jerome Caza, 30, a cam- 

years ago," he sai 
they’re vetyoW, th 
again jumping out 
to be a sy al and remember 
friends. It is very beautiful what 
they do, but few people here under- 
stand that. I am 30 yeaaokL Be- 
cause of them, I am not German, I 
am Breach. 1 ” 

Saturday morning dawned dear 
and balmy, and the jumpers were at 
Brown Field by 8 A.M. Mr. .Manky 
was among the group, aboard a 
ringfe^agine Cessna lor the trip to 
3JW0 feet (900 meters); - • . 

Mr. Manfcty jumped and there 
was a gasp tfrehef from the specta- 
tors as his rectangular chute' 
Mooned bright with color M gairwtt 

“Loved ilT be said tepraty after 
be landed. “Not at all like Norman- 
dy" ■ 

AZT: Drug Is Found to Reduce AIDS Risk inNei thorns 

Continued from Page 1 

no significant health hazard among 
die children during the first -18- 

monlh follow-up p«iod. 

“This is a real breakthrough and 
it has worldwide implications,” Dr. 
Curran said. 

The development is another 
strange twist in the up-and-down 
reputation of AZT. 

The drug has been shown to de- 
lay the progression from HIV in- 
fection to full-scale AIDS, al- 
though experience has shown that 
the benefit generally wanes after a 
year or two. But Dr. Fauci said that 

the Finite period of pregnancy may woman's right to privacy. In addi- 
afiow AZT to reduce the nsfc of twaydewfoping coro 

transmission to newborns. 

The new findings raise major 
practical and ethical roc stidns. 

Until now, testing for HIV infeo- 
tion ifl the United States has been 
recommended for those who con- 
sider themselves at risk, but testing 

is not mandatory. 

The new study offers impetus for . 

Jflore aggressive testing programs 

for pregnant women because of the .... . 

proven benefits of the AZT treat , were bran to motim who reeled 
ment. But any calls for mandatory placebo and 13 to mothets who 
tests would raise the issue cf a reoavedAZT. 

the issue of paying fra tbe drag. 

' The stn^ inyc^ved,477 HIY-ia- ~ 
focted woma>at 50medlcfo centers ; 
in the United States and nine -m : 
France who enrolled daring their 
14th to -34tfa week of pregnancy. - 

v The 477 womeuintheMudy.gave% 
birth to 421 babies. Of; the 364 
babies fra whom at least rare cat 
one test was avaOaMe, 53 had bc- 
come HTV-infected. Of the 53, 40 

Hours' after the North Korean 
statement. Prune Minister Mari- 
Mro Hosokawa of Japan said he 
would work with the United States 
and Odra's to press for inspections 
of the Yangtoa rites. 

. “North Korea’s acceptance of 
inspection at seven stes alone does 
not solve the issue, " he Urfd Japan’s 


The government in Pycmgyang, 
(me of the last hardline r omrnrm« t . 
regimes, agreed last Wednesday to 
permit U.N. inspectors to v^i the 
seven sites Norm Korea has idenfir 

But the. Unified States, Japan surd 
other nations that fear.the North 
Koreans may be seoetty working 
on atomic weapons also want in- 
J 5 *ctora to stzKty.tiw rites that are 
suspected of bemg eng^ed in nn- 
dear wo& . .. 

' The discusriaB cf the issue the 
aumric energy agency’s board was 
; put .back. ^ until. Wednesday at .the 
request (rf Sweden <a lxM of the 
West European' group, winch asked 
for time to refer back to their gov- 
erumentsi an- agtmqr spokranan 

If the ffmmcgs were to rule that 
wasmvfolatioQ of safe- 
agrewhcois, it could refer 
matter to the Security Council 


The United States and its Smith 
Korean allies have been tridag to 
defuse, the crisfe bywootng , 

.. _• {Ratten, AF) 


Keep the Fed Involved 

It is 3 classic Washington struggle over turf, 
but it is also a good deal more. Four U-S. 
agencies currently regulate banks and thrifts. 
In the name of efficiency, the Treasury De- 
partment proposes reducing that number to 
one, a new commission. That would mean 
stripping the Federal Reserve Board of all its 
present regulatory powers. 

Bui in a financial emergency — a Slock 
market crash or the failure of a big bank — the 
Federal Reserve is the government's primary 
crisis manager, intervening to preserve the 
stability of the banking system. To do that 
effectively, h says, it needs the intimate 
knowledge of the banking industry that it can 
acquire only by re gulating at least a part of it. 

True, the present array of multiple regula- 
tors' overlapping jurisdictions is messy and 
unnecessary. A large and complex banking 
company can find itself being simultaneously 
estammed by all four agencies. The Federal 
Reserve bandies the bank holding company, 
white a branch of lbe Treasury Department is 
responsible for the national banks that the 
company may own. The same company might 
also have other subsidiaries that come under 
the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 
and the Office of Thrift Supervision. 

Simplification begins by getting lbe last two 

out of the picture. The FDIC would best be 
returned to its baric job of insurance. Since 
savings and loan institutions are now for all 
practical purposes indistinguishable from 
banks, the OTS can be folded into the Trea- 
sury office that does banking regulation. But 
the Treasury has not made a persuasive case 
for eHminatrog the Federal Reserve. 

It would not be hard to eliminate the over- 
laps between two regulators. One suggestion is 
simply to give all of each banking company to 
whichever agency oversees its lead bank. But, 
with an eye to its special responsibilities in a 
crisis, the Federal Reserve also wants to contin- 
ue to have jurisdiction over (he biggest holding 
companies, those with special importance to 
the whole finmriHi structure, regardless of 
which agency oversees its subsidiary banks. 

During the past IS turbulent years the Fed- 
eral Reserve has compiled an excellent record 
of rapid and effective action to protect banks' 
customers and the national economy. That 
record has earned it the right to a very careful 
hearing by Congress when work begins cm 
regulatory reorganization. It is a turf fight, but 
the outcome can affect the American govern- 
ment’s ability to respond to the next upheaval 
in the financial worid. 


Aristide Has the Mandate 

It is not the business of the United States to 
forcibly reimpose democracy on Haiti. But 
neither is it the business of the United States 
to twist the arms of Haiti's democratically 
elected president. If he refuses to endorse 
proposals for political compromise or cabinet 
appointments urged on him by U.S. and inter- 
national mediators, it is wrong to ignore him. 

In its double frustration with murderous 
and unyielding generals and a messianic and 
unbending president, that is just what the 
Clinton adminis tration has begun to do. It 
would do better to stick to democratic princi- 
ples and learn to live with some of the result- 
ing frustrations. It is for Haitians, and their 
elected leader, to decide if and when to yield. 

Granted, President Jean-Benrand Aristide 
can be a difficult man to deal with. Over the 
years, the strength of his political convictions 
has led Duvalierist gunmen to try to kill him 
and to burn his church to the ground, the 
Vatican to dismiss him from his religious 
order, and Haitian voters to make him the 
overwhelming winner of the freest election in 
Haiti's long history. 

Less than a year after that election, those 
same unshaka ble convictions provoked sol- 
diers, police and a tiny economic elite to 
depose him and drive him into exile. And 
almost ever since, those convictions have 
complicated the plans of two American ad- 

Refugees Shouldn’t Pay 

The U.S. Immigration and Naturalization 
Service wants potential refugees from politi- 
cal persecution to pay a $130 fee and wait five 
months before receiving work permits. That 
would make the United States the only coun- 
try to charge a filing fee for political asylum. It 
is a poor, hasty response to what is, essential- 
ly, a management problem at a chronically 
understaffed agency. 

Last year more than 150,000 people from 
154 countries sought sanctuary in America 
because of a “well-founded fear of persecu- 
tion" in their homelands. Applicants came 
from countries such as Haiti, Guatemala, El 
Salvador, China, Cuba, the former Yugoslavia 
and the former Soviet Union. Their claims are 
heard by 150 specially trained asylum officers 
at the INS. But there are not enough asylum 
officers to handle the Dow; the current back- 
log of cases is 360,000. 

Under present rules, any applicant can re- 
ceive a work permit within 60 days unless it can 
be determined that the claim is frivolous. Offi- 
cials fear that many claimants use the asylum 

process simply to grin permission to work. 

At present, the cost of financing the asylum 
procedure, which averages $61 6 per applicant, 
is subsidized by a variety of application fees 
paid by the large pool of immigrants who are 
not refugees. The INS now proposes to charge 
each asylum applicant a $130 filing fee that 
could be waived for inability to pay. But 
deriding eligibility for a waiver adds another 
level of review for an agency that is already 
overburdened — and has a reputation for not 
treating all claims fairly. 

The best way to deter false asylum claims is 
to guarantee a fair and speedy process. That 
means more bearing officers. The administra- 
tion wants to double the current total in this 
fiscal year, although it is not clear where the 
funding, up to $40 million, will come from. 
Officials estimate that the proposed new fees 
would bring in $11 millioiL 
America traditionally welcomes genuine 
refugees for humanitarian reasons. It should 
not demean them by charging an entry fee. 


Other Comment 

Small Peace, Large Failure 

The showdown over Sarajevo set off by 
NATO's ultimatum finally gave the West 
something to offer the Bosnians and the 
Serbs, who now have more to gain by slopping 
than by continuing — and tough luck for the 
Bosnians, who have lost the war. The Serbs 
will see this as a reward for taking Sarajevo 
hostage: The Serbian republic of Bosnia will 
probably be recognized, and the prosecution 
of war c rimin als and the embargo of Serbia 
and Montenegro will be dropped 

After so much equivocation, discord and 
impotence, after so many errors and missed 
opportunities, after so many empty condemna- 
tions. after the tens of thousands of deaths in 
Bosnia alone, the group of large and medium 
powers has finally reached agreement in order 
to end this painfully telegenic nightmare. 

Peace, most likely, is at the end of the 
runnel — yes, peace in Bosnia and ex-Yugo- 
slavia! But it will be a small peace, an almost 
shameful peace, a very costly peace of count- 

less wounds, surely not a peace that will see 
justice prevail For the sake of this small 
peace, everyone is now prepared to turn a 
blind eye to large matters of principle. 

But please may they spare us the cries of 
diplomatic and military victory. That would 
quite simply be unbearable. 

— Serge July in Liberation f Paris). 

Greece Is Haying With Fire 

With the world's attention on Sarajevo, 
Greece has chosen an ideal time to inpose a 
trade embargo on Macedonia in an attempt to 
force that state to change its name. But the 
Greeks are playing with fire: For breaking ranks 
today with the European Unkm and NATO, the 
allies may one day return the favor when Greece 
needs their support; and by weakening Macedo- 
nia, it can only strengthen the expansionist appe- 
tites of Macedonia’s other neighbors, risking 
another Balkan war, which Greece win avoid 
being drawn into oily with difficulty. 

— Neue ZQrcher Zoning (Zurich). 

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A Simple Principle: No Seizure of Te 


B OSTON — Listening to Bin Clinton's 
talk cm Bosnia, one had the eerie feding 
that truths long known to anyone interested 
— screaming truths — had somehow just 
penetrated the walls of the White House. 

“Now a prolonged siege of the Bosnian 
capital of Sarajevo has brought ns to an 
important moment,” the president said on 
Saturday, explaining the ultimatum to the 

Has century teaches us that 
America cannot afford to 
ignore conflicts in Europe , 9 

Saba to withdraw their heavy weapons or 
have them targeted in NATO air strikes. Bui 
the siege Iras been on for more than 18 
months. Nothing is different now except that 
television pictures of a angle devastating sbeD 
aroused American public opiniou. 

“This century teaches us that America 
cannot afford to ignore conflicts in Europe," 
the president said. Indeed. But President 

By Anthony Lewis 

, i ~ 

George Bosh ignored the lesson. And Mr. 
CUntott, having critirized his lack of firm- 
ness, did nothing serious about the aggres- 
sion for a year as preadeaL 
“In tins crisis our na don has distinct inter- 
ests,” Mr. .Clinton said, mentioning die 
threat to European security and NATO 
credibility, and the humanitarian interest in. 
stopping “the slaughter of izmocents.” But 
those American interests have been clear 
since the Serbs began their aggression 
against Croatia in 1991 and.thdr genoodal 
attacks in Bosnia in 1991 The war has killed 
200,000 people and made 2 million refugees. 

The point is hot to note how unconvincing 
Mr. GImton was in explrinmg^ why he has acted 
sow. It is te understand the price of past 
weakness — the honor that would have been 
avoided if Mr. Bush or Mr. CKnion had been . 
firm — and to plan future policy accordingly. 
(Mr. Bush set some kind of record on Feb. 8 by 
criticizing the Clinton policy as weak.) 

Now that Mr. Omtonhas at last engaged 
the United States in the Bosnian conflict, the 
crucial question is how be defines the abject of 

his policy. W31 be anchor il in. tie pmiripte 
tharhave long gaded Azooh^ Or : wiB me- 
resolute new pose bdiwmore than that? . c 
Since Wood War H, America’s bas e, prat- 
dptebas been toprew^thesritaireof^ntoj forqe. That was, tfac purpose, achieved 
with remarkable success, or the ooflecove se- 
curity provided in Europehy NATO- . • i 
. Mr. Oiataa’s arm m Boimu may merely pe 
to end the fighting and have a “pea* srttle- 
mealT by diwdmgJbe country along the pre- 
sort 'front lines; -That would be a sd kwfltf 
principle, for it would legitimize the foreenu 
acquisition of tecdtoiy bSjht Serbs and* to .a . 
.lcsserextent, die Qro^ttelewonfor«h«s 
would be “ethnic cleansing” — that IS, uK 

murder and expulsion of people with a differ 

Moreover.a “settlement” of that character 
would be -extremely titfBmlt far outside 
troops to enforce, as it is envisaged they 
would. "Mr. Cfiutou has promised to provide 
American troops for a peacekeeping force if 
. heparties ajpeeon peace terms. j 
' The reason it would be dffficolt is that me 
Bosnian government 'now controls only is- 
lands of -territory surrounded, and. -under 
siege, - by its enemies. A jxace along those 

lines wtmkTmcribib^ besdjcct WviiSSE t 

tbS^SSm - <***%: 

Despite til tire suffering, there w *>■**“£ 
ismm Bosnia. Theurgeto cawmboaggrt^- 
son is found in Western <^tals.. ; 

has moved- the Serfs to puD bade fcomSanK 
jevo, or the lace-saving v 

don. It is the growing strength and determi- 
nation of the Bosnian army.' ‘ . 1 ..r- 

Serbian leaders no doubt rec^ tnat unsg 
the best moment for than tokȣpe^ul; 
Doing so, they hope, win flffl cc 4be y ptoft .. 
States to push for a peace along present tines. . 

' in otteHIaids, stop foe the 

victims begin to have a cha^; That ra me • 
sdloutbf principle that Mr.. CTny mand Ms 
diplomats most' take cate roa wnLTn c ztgbt 
co®* remains, to oppose aggresswm and 
iseaodde. That means luting the arms emoar- ; 
«Tand using the threat offence l 0 5fa?> / 
Serbia’s resupply elite puppets in Bosnia. ' 
The New foHc Tbnes. ; - 

Proof That Strength Can Save Lives 

M IAMI— The siege of Sarajevo 
is being lifted by one new fact 

By William Safire 

ministrations to resolve Haiti's crisis with 
split- the-dif f erence compromises between 
amoral usurpers with guns and a righteous 
exile who holds the country's only legitimate 
democratic mandate. 

The unpleasant truth is that unless the 
United Slates is prepared to invade Haiti, 
windi it rightly is not, no significant political 
changes are likely to take place without die 
ruling generals' consent. And if Father Aris- 
tide has been a stubborn bargainer, the gener- 
als have been even more stubborn. 

They have made it dear that they are dead 
set on staying put in Haiti and reaping the 
substantial profits of institutionalized cor- 
ruption. And they remain utterly unmoved 
by the international sanctions that grind the 
faces or all those too poor and poorly con- 
nected to avail themselves of any of the 
numerous available loopholes. 

So it is only honest for the United States to 
tell Father Aristide that be has little hope of 
returning to power without making huge po- 
litical compromises. But when the deposed 
president refuses to make the deals that 
Washington urges upon Him, honoring de- 
mocracy requires taking Mm at his word. 
Simply put there can be no democracy in 
Haiti, at least during the current presidential 
term, without Father Aristide. 


on the ground; the fear in the hearts 
of Serbian gunners that they win be 
killed by NATO bombs. 

As this is written, the anti-war 
alliance has not had to cany out its 
threat; Serbian guns are being moved 
applied to attackers surrounding oth- 
er Muslim enclaves, they, too, will 
be affected by the new balance of 
firepower. Thanks to the West's be- 
lated delennmatiou to intervene, we 
have come to the beginning of the 
end of the umpteenth Buifamii war. 

Delays and double crosses He 
ahead; the tuning goes on. But if this 
application of cmlective power in 
the pursuit of peace succeeds, what 
lessons should we draw from it? 

1. Strength saves lives. The “two 
tough Tonys” — Lake in the White 
House, Lewis in The New York 
Tunes — were right all along. The 
only force able to stop an aggres- 
sors domination is a believable 

Rosenthal's derogation of “laptop 
bombardiers” — a nice carnage, on 
the analogy of “armchair genenT 
— was way off target.) 

2. Weakness costs lives. The quag- 
mirists — Larry Eagleburger, Dior 
Cheney, Pat Buchanan and their 
amencomeriracks — appear now to 
be wrong in their fears of intenninar 
ble involvement of US. ground 
troops. And all the military experts 
— the same subnotebook soldiers 
who predicted in graphic detail a 
lengthy bloodbath if the allies in- 
vaded Saddam Hussein's fortified 
Iraq — were mistaken about the 
efficacy of the real threat of air pow- 
er. If “lift (the embargo) and strike 
(the besiegers)” had been carried 
out at the start, tens of thousands of 
Bosnians might now be alive. 

3. A mili tary ultimatum can cre- 
ate new diplomatic facts. Were it 
not for the certainty of NATO mili- 

tary action, the Russians would nev- 
er have had the incentive to come op 
■with their last-minute surprise to 
save the face, of withdrawing Serbi- 
ans. Now Boris Yehsin gains the ap- 
probation of Ms nationalists by pot- 
tiag in a few companies, of Russian 
sauuos, whOeBosoian Serbs in Sara-. 
ly Stavk; faces as Seroian guns pull 
bade. SomdKw; the idea never sbe- 
faoed until Serbian &ri’Ilarymea woe 
within horns of being obliterated. 

Beyond Bosnia, a few unremarked 
lessons about communication at the 
highest levels; 

1. Secretary of State Warren 
Christopher can no. longer fully 
trust Russian Foreign Minister An^ 
drei Kazyrev. The two diplomats 
talked at length only' hoars before 
the Russians and Serin announced 
their conroanHceqnngdeak no spe- 
cific heads-up — nothing beyond 
the vaguest of hints — was provided 

toMr. Christopher. Statesmenshare 
a certam comity to avoid appearing 
fri pKsh; but in this instance, Andrei 
delightedly stuck it to Chris, who 
then had to gurgle how helpful the 
Rnsaaris were bang. Comity is now 
gone, and. if the UJS. secretary of 
state ia riot a total wimp; he~wuL no 
longer -fed- the notify- Ms 
counterpart Of eyjery Aipcocpn de- 
marche m Ukraine and tire Baltics. 

2. Sec|)ef;caII home; Rissian De- 
fense Minister Pkvd Grachev <fid 
not tiy tojxin a simila r fast me an 
Defense Secretary Wjffliim Perry. 
UnKke Mr. Kozyrev, General Gra- 
chev reportedly passed tire.wrird on 
the tdepliope toms American coun- 
terpart that Russia’s tqp^cdal en- 
voy was hi Sarajevo discussing the 
djapateh Jhere 

yiial reformation, to 

• ' ■ ■ • ■- ■ W ■ " ’ ■ ■" > 

r*q n you imagine the ppliticalJy 
sensitive Les Aspin — or Bobby. 

Inman , for that TnattCT — failitlR to 
get car the hook to -the presiaau 
tight, away to saiy “I have it. from 
Grachev himself -that the' Russians 
may be sending troops, to Sarajevo , 
just before our bombing starts”? 
This was apparently not on Mi-Per- 
ry's computerized checklist of tilings 
to warn Mr. CSmtori about 
, 3. The presidential ‘hoi line - 
dpran’t- answer. Tod many of os 
. nwlcft tight of the inability of the 
UiLpressdeoi to reach the Russian : 
president for two days. Was Boris 
Y distil in a diplomatic snit, ft' 
: drunken stupor,, a medical . treat- : 
meet, or just out .to be insulting? 
Who returns the caff tf somebody's 

d^tew^w^^eneral Grachev. ; 

Thebiggfet lesson of aH: Thanks 
to American readiness to use force; 
Bosnians no longer must choose be- 
tweria (S*ath^i#sunen<fer. ' - 

r ilfe Jffoa York Timex 


W ASHINGTON — Winning a 
$6 biBkm contract from the 
Saudi Arabian airline for the U.S. 
aircraft industnr is a stunning 
achievement for President BQl Clin- 
ton. In one stroke, he has probably 
prevented the bankruptcy of Mc- 
Donnell Douglas, headquartered in 
Sl Louis, and further layoffs at 
Boeing Aircraft In Seattle. 

This strengthens his political base 
on the West Coast Even as Mr. Clin- 
ton gloated from the White House 
over a coup that snatches the busi- 
ness from Airbus Industrie, the Euro- 
pean consortium. Vice President A1 
Gore was meeting with Boeing offi- 
cials to make sure that they under- 
stood where the credit should go. 

But the extent of the government's 
involvement with industry to win the 
contract from state-owned Saudia 
Airlines — especially the president's 
direct intervention with Ring Fahd 
— is disquieting. It is further evi- 
dence of how d«5ply Mr. Clinton is 
wedded to an “industrial policy” that 
puts taxpayers in partnership with 

By Hobart Rowen 

large corporations. Socialism on be- 
half of business seems to be accept- 
able. The justification is that this is 
bow the game is played around the 
worid, and if we Americans don't go 
along, we will get clobbered. 

At the White House ceremony cel- 
ebrating the Saudi deal. Commerce 
Secretary Ronald Brown said; “We 
have finally broken out of the shack- 
les th a t have caused a several-decades 
debate about the role of government. 
Our international competitors fig- 
ured out that role a long time ago, 
and that’s why they are doing much 
better than they should be doing in 
international competition . . . It’s 
important for us to demonstrate ev- 
ery day we are a pro-business, pro- 
growth, projobs administration.” 

The short-run gain for the Ameri- 
can economy cannot be denied. It is 
probably worth 100,000 jobs over 
the next few years. 

But there is a longer-term ques- 
tion; WQl this deal contribute to a 

further weakening of the Saudi 
economy? In the 1980s. the Saudis 
could rely on oil revenues to subsi- 
dize their civil and military activi- 
ties. But ofl revenues are declining 
along with the price of off. To pay 
for these 60 to 66'aircraft, the Saadis 
will have to borrow the money. 

jKing Fahd did not yield Co pies- - 
sureTtom Me. Clinton, supported by - 
trips to Riyadh by Mr. Brown, Trans- - 
porta ti on Secretary Federico Pefia . 

and Secretary of Stele Warren Chris- 
topher, until he got agreement that 
tfaie UJS. Expon-lmport Bank would 
guarantee the Saudi loans. That guar- 
antee will enable King Fahd to bor- 
row at a low rate of interest 
The administration's justification 
for pressuring the Saudis to give the 
$6 billion order to the U.Sl compa- 
nies is that Airbus had been shame- 
lessly lobbying the Saudis for . the 
business and offering Joan assistance. 
Thus, even though Mr. Clinton and 
most other Democrats had sharpty — 

and. I Amk, racrecti^ -^okk^red 
President George Bush fen tekmg 
American aino chiefs to Tokyo in 
199240 try toseflears andcarparts, 

-**Thc only ^^^eao^tweeitctf J 

Salesman THiA nilane 

; Clinton is thatMr CEnto^ c^d a 
deal and Mr. Busbchd-not^ ' 

... BafclJris itVmiidi 

ordii&y'consutt£& : 

<rititijted cal cmnmtmmt to bea.'^paitne^’ af 

tas of imports as a way of getting tLS. 
cottmmksnttoJapati? Shorid Ms of- 
ficipb become such dedicated 

^mpfe^OTffkBrrintocrass mercan- 

tw^^LosAngofcs Times pdiiari- 
aLentftkaf/teil to ffie CMef (Sales- 

(rates AiiPtH aMhsbackers.'lt reAfrJ '. man}!” -Condnded; . “Purists . might 
firms and strengthens U^-Sai^gm> . qoettk^ vActher the dignity gf the 
fftibal and security Enk£' More tt&a preadenefaredtired umen'the chief 
ever, America stsmds as th^ excrartrre gets pCTSonaDy mvofved m 

great shidd a gamat attack -J, lnhh yjng fcr>UJSu industry. OUT- view 
The Unitcd^Statcs sarcdthe SaSi " Is 'tiiat ifs prafedfly proper,' ara^y 

monarchyduring the GatfWs&mtL 
Mr. Ohrton did not let King Fahd 
forget it It cfid hot hdp Pr^kfant 

learned that Paris WMalsoSh^^'to 
mamtaroitshnsmes^tiis to fraq.4'- 
The question for Arntrica, asisee 
it, comes dowUotMs: Z^urdoiiM^ 
.Mr. Gintfla go pdBti- ~ 


if^^Los Angdes 
'KaneacWoeld have looked so kmdly. 
t^draiff theTOesideiit’sintervea- 

't^badPen^^ in, 

s%r, RtervYodt- and IQinms, act in 
Tong Beach and other parts of bat- 
tered SonthernCalifonna. 

: > The Washington Post 

A British National Humiliation, Quick Cash, Scarcely a Murmur 

H ONG KONG — It is scarcely a 
surprise that Honda is pulling 
out of ns cooperative relationship 
with Britain's Rover car company, 
following British Aerospace's deri- 
sion to sell Rover to BMW, What has 
been surprising is the matter-of-fact 
reaction in Britain to the news that 
the nation would no longer have a car 
company to call its own. 

while the British have muttered 
into their lea cups, to the tffect that it 
was all a pity but. like a rainy day. 

By Philip Bowring 

inevitable, the most poignant com- 
ment on Rover’s fate has come from 
its erstwhile collaborator, Honda. 

“The British view," Honda’s presi- 
dent, Nobuhiko Kawamoto, was 
quoted as saying, “is that it is not 
necessary to be concerned about the 
nationality of the capital of industrial 
groups. If you take the case of Jauan. 

case of Japan, 

industry is the only way to survive 
... I wonder how the British people 

For Lawyers, a limp Lesson 
In Most Elementary Hides 

By Amitai Etdoni 

children cannot tell right 
from wrong. If you scold a 3-year- 
old for lying, be may not have the 
foggiest notion why you are dis- 
tressed. A new report by the 
American Bar Association’s Com- 
mittee on Ethics and Professional 
Responsibility is written as if law- 
yers had failed to progress beyond 
tins infantile state. The committee 
found it necessary to expound ele- 
mentary ethical notions. 

If a lawyer is being paid by a 
diem for a cross-country flight and 
she “decides not to watch the mov- 
ie or read in novel, but to work 
instead on drafting a motion for 
another client,** she may not 
charge both for the same hours. 

If a law firm pays an economist 
$200 an hour for bar services as an 
expert witness, it may not bill the 
client S250 an hour. The document 
even declares, as if it needed de- 
claring, that “a lawyer is never jus- 
tified m charging a dient for hours 
not actually expended.” 

The report says precious little 
about why lawyers should refrain 
from various forbidden practices. 
To the extent that reasons are pro- 
vided. they suggest that ethics are 
good _ for the profession's image 
and therefore good for business. 

The billing practices of some 
lawyers contribute to the “dis- 
couraging public opinion of the 
legal profession,” the report says. 

The resulting lade of trust win 
jwter a “layman from utilizing' 
the legal spurn.” 

To be fair, even quite a few eth- 
ics professors adhere to sudi “utili- 
tarian” or “consequeptialist" no- 
tions. Their idea of a “calculus of 
harm" suggests that you should tdl 
the troth only as long as the bene- 
fits of veracity exceed those of dis- 
sembling (although you are to lake 

into account that lying dmrinishcs 
the total stock cf trust m the sodr 
ety in which you must live). 

But such expedient ethics, on 
which the ABA document seems 
to be based, are hardly a reliable 
basis for a professional code. If 
circumstances change — say, the 
spotlight of public scrutiny turns 
to some other profession — law- 
yers may well return to double 
biffing. Or if the penalties for vio- 
lating the new code nun out to be 
minimal, lawyers may well ask 
what they have to lose. 

The lawyers who fashioned the 
code may well love nobler inten- 
tions. Arid it does provide a raiber 

dear list of guidelines. What is 
misang is an anchor: a firm com- 
mitment to doing what is right 
because it is the right thing to do, 
whether or not it increases one's 
hillingt and bonuses. 

The writer is author of "The Spirit 
of Community: Rights, Raponsibit- 
ities and the Communitarian Agen- 
da.” He contributed this comment to 
The New York Tones. 

expect to toakea living in the future.” 
It is a good point. 

Even if nothing much was said in 
Britain when the sale was announced 
on Jan. 3L would there not be de- 
layed reaction to this stark evidence 
of British loss Of will? Would not a 
sense of national outrage join left and 
right in demanding that the govern- 
ment treat the issue as something 
more serious than the sale erf a brew- 
ery or a hotel chain? 

Evidently not Thar war a few 
mare-m-saiiow-than-in-axigier editori- 
als, the standard union exprcsshms of 
concern for jobs, token opposition 
from the Labor Party. There was noth- 
ingto suggest that this was a milestone 
in British industrial history. 

Having km (he will to least, the 
British seem to have convinced them- 
sdves that sdling key industries to 
the highest bidder shows that the na- 
tion is in tune with the modem worid 
of international capiml, and with 
British membership m the European 
Union. They seem out of touch with 
the real worid erf industry and com- 
merce — a world beyond the finan- 
cial engineering and corporate trad- 
ing d ominate B ritish business, 
with its Gty erf London orientation. 

Honda, of course, had its reasons, 
for being unhappy with the BMW' 
deal. But Mr. Kawamoto’s question ■ 
has gone un a nswered. In an Mau l 
worid, the nationality of capital 

might be irrelevant, but we are in 
no such world. 

Would Fran ce or Germany, even 
with thitir greater commitment to Eu- 
ropean union, ever allow their last 
automakerto become foragn-oon- 
trolled? Is it conceivable that the 
most open of economies, the-Umted 
States, would allow General Motors; 
Ford and Cbryricx to fall to foreum 

off with -100 percent foragn-owned 
Mams. Bofnational interest in ft few 
key almost everywhere 
the noon, foe the perfectly sound 
"reason that' fire pontiraT. worid* is 
based on nation-states. - 

If Rover had been, totally unviabk, 
as it was for a tune in die ’80s, there 
might have been a national case for 
sdling or dosing h. But ft is .again 
. viable — 1 partly because of an iig»- 
thm ct Honda technology. . 

The problem is that its owner, Brit- 
ish Aerospace; lacks the necessary' 

mmmhmtstt In murmfsK-^mna mntnr . 

veMdes. indeed lacks a onmnutment 
to any kmd erf long-term mrestriniL 
Cash from the Row sale part- . 
W absorbed by losses on overly dever 
financ ial engineering that went wrong. 

The Gty and most of the, British 

surrender ofRover as sane kind of 
triumph, which win bring short-term 
benefits todurehokters/But then the 
Gty and , th e press said almost tire 
sa m e things a boot the mergers 
de-mergers and outright scams that 
along with union stupidity, have laid 
waste to vast tracts of British indus- 
try in lbe past quarter century. 

.. In the rfhort run, Rover, might — 
although this is questionable — bate: 
fit from BMW ownersMp. Perhaps 
' sotoe manufactiiring win. be trans- 
ferred frian high-cost Germany to 
rdativdy tow-wage Britain. But cars 
today are - manufactured in many 

countries, mdudmg some with wastes 
far lower than m Europe. In theTn- 

m'thelfesign, devdqpmeat and Mg^ 
t«hndoCT aspects of caivAnd those 
phases, of the business will remain 
largely in the countries where tire 
OTaeraofcap^ - 

Tli® Rover ^lisode is a idling com- 
mentcri Britain’s dirinterest m man- 

a l^^ fo^se a-vic raan d . 

■Meanwfrile, London makes^mudr Of 
the importance of keeping an inde- 
pendent nudear deterrent and a per- 
manent seat on the United Nations * 
Security CoondL 

• jp*** priorities may suit the Gty, 

— — y wmw— — — 

But if ever there was a case for pot- 

fore the substance, this is it.' 
International Herald Tribune. 

1894fi Tbe Italian DejBdt ^dnkmKsw^limillieMa- 

rora ana uxryster to ran to foiago 
ownership? Far tire Japanese; me 
question is unthinkable. Ditto foe the 
South Koreans, who have struggled 
locally owned but is less, and less 
dependent cm foreign technology. 

Even countries fike Malaysia are. 
acquiring lotoBy owned «r industries. 
Urey may depend on Japanese or Ko- 
rean expertise; and may never develop. ; 
(heir own, design or wigmrering grab- 

retain the possiMEiy of doing Ml ‘ 

ROME — Eariy tins afternoon [Feb. 
21J, SSgnor Sormino; Mmister of Fi- 
mmee;40fie on the right hand of Pre- 
mier Grispi, in the presence of an 
interested and oowfkd Hoast. to 
make a statement as to the finaw-ini 
crakfitkai of Ita^. Two hoursanda 
half later he had mrt the whole sitna- 
tkm before the House: He said, in . 
effect, that the deficit was one hun- 
dred and fifty-five ntiffiOTs, and that 
among fewf taxes proposed was 
me of 2 Inc per qmota) on imported 
wheat, this, affecting America., and - 
Russia. The House was'taken- aback 


manner, ended witinhc 
sare our dear cquattyT 

tatty of Forejga Affms to the Land-. 

The crime was committed by 
tjeutenant Count von Arco-VaBey, 
y^ ^appto adred him from behind m 
toe Enumcrstrasse aud fired two re- 
volver shots witfcfatal effect Aocord- 
a semi-official td^ram from 
«ntwh, the murderer' was Hims elf 
wotmded by a sokfier'and 

is in a dying condition, 

1944 : SpanDenonnced 

yASaNGTC»I--rRom our Neff 

. Jorkedition:] Thc-Umtod States to- 
d*y (Fdj. 2IJ officially identffied tite 
Mlangist movanem of GcncraBss- 
® Fnaicisco Franco as the Spanish 
“todopart of Nazism and Fasdsm 
mid charged it with seeking restcra- 

1919: Sliock in Bavaria - crftheold Spaoi^^^e, which 

: the rw. “faded most of Latin Ameri- 

“ ■ ^ Ftoko 

^pommic mathms between tbe two 


r,l >L 

yh )t 




American Media, Bowing to the Shoddiest, Are Looking Pale 

ASHINGTON —He phone call 
▼▼ torn Kathleen ffitfl Jameson, 
dean of the Ameoberg School for Com- 
mimicaocms « the Umveraty of Penn- 
sylvania, was short and to tbe point. 

Four yeara ago, David,” she began, 
jroo prodded your cdkagucs in joer- 
P^lisra to become much more aggressive 
m outh-sqnadding the poftkaTads. In 
* 2 , the nenupoi and television did a 
^ch better job of letting voids know 

what was true and what was&hcin the 
ca m pa i gn ads. But now the same hind of 
junk is turning np'in the TV ads on 
beahh car^ tod the people who are 
putting tins on (he air are not hems 
' systematically called on it” 

In fact, as she knew, a few newspa- 
pers, mchtding The Washington Post, 
have begun writing storks about the ad 
ware bang waged by the Democratic 

Bosnia: Ahead andBdfaind 

Assuming that the NATO nfrimamm 
and the Russian soldiers do indeed ac- 
complish the withdrawal of the gra y 
surrounding Sarajevo, the question 
arises as to why this took two years to 
accomplish. But ii is beue to look ahead 
than behind; we need to finish tbe job 
before momentum wanes. 

The first task is to cod completely the 
siege of Sarajevo. This requires free and 
unhindered access for relief material, 
fuel and an other items required to re- 
build the city. Essentia] utilities must be 
restored. Free movement of inf ormati on 
and people must be secured, starting 
with the reestablishment of phone and 
mail systems. Presently, only food Is 
being brought into Sangevo, chiefly by 
airlift. TTiis is no substitute for complete 
and unfettered ground access to and 
from the ory. 

As to the rest of B osnia, the suffering 
in Mo&lar eclipses Sarajevo; people have 

By David S. Broder 

National Committee, the Health Insur- 
ance Association of America and others 
with big stakes in the fight ova Presi- 
dent Bw Omtoa’s proposal. But as the 
dean pointed out, many of those stories 
were of the “he said/ she said” variety 
that avoid making J udgmen U or even 
giving readers additional information 
that would hdp them decide for them- 
selves who was trying to trick than. 

Brooks Jackson, an investigative re- 
porter far CNN, has been characteristi- 
cally tough in Ks reports on the beahh 
ad wars, as he.was during the 1992 
campaign. But I had to agree with Dean 
Jamieson that print and television jour- 
nalists have yet to mobilize for the ad- 
watch task as well as many news organi- 
zations did two years ago. 

Thai is just (he beginning of the chal- 
lenge that this health care issue poses for 
journalists of all kinds. This is a fiercely 
complicated subject; no 30-second spot, 
even if it were entirely factual, can begin 
togrvepeople what they need to parnri- 
pate effectively in die national debate. 

As Stanley Greenberg. President 
Clinton’s pollster, conceded recently, 
both the public and the politicians are 
bang asked to make judgments “in an 
atmosphere of great uncertainty.” 
He added, “The public wants a great 
deal more information about how these 
plans would work." 

A report io be issued Thursday by the 
Public Agenda foundation provides per- 
suasive evidence that when voters are 
given relevant, objective information 


been living in the bombed-out rubble of 
their basements for months. In Maglaj 
and Tesanj, dviBans reportedly are on 
the brink of starvation. Turia, the largest 
metropolitan area in Bosnia, is almost 
oampletefy ait off from tin rea of the 
world. Far months the United Nations 
has said that it wifi open the Tuzla 
airport Now is the time. 

Finally, kt us now take the same stern 
approach to GroatiaNts we have taken 
with the Bosnian Serbs. At present, 
mare Bosnian civilians are at risk from 
the Croatian blockade of humanitarian 

and mnmwH iil traffic than from any 

other cause. Sanctions should be threat- 
ened if Croatia does not hft the blockade 
within 10 days, and other NATO or UN 
actions should be considered. 



about approaches to changing the fi- 
nancing and delivery of health services, 
thdr preferences often shaft. By (he end 
of the simsmxed, smaU -group, iwp-bour 
discussons that the foundation spon- 
sored, people were supportive of options 

The people concerned that a NATO 
air strike on Serbian gnn emplacements 
would trigger retaliation against UN 
peacekeepers should bear two things in 
mind. The first is that UN troops, un- 
like civilians, can fight back when at- 
tacked and will also be able to summon 
unlimi ted air support against their as- 
sailants. The second is that the least 
trained UN soldier on the ground in 
Bosnia is much better trained and dis- 
ciplined than Ins Serbian counterpart. 



Today I made an arm band of black 
doth. lam wearing it as a symbol of 
mounting and shame. Mourning for the 
lives of my many brothers and sisters in 
Bosnia- Herzegovina, shame for the in- 
action of my country. 

The people of Sarajevo think we do 
not care. Hey have very good reasons 

The writer is president of the Washing- to believe that is so. A report by Tun 
ton-based group Refugees International Weiner of The New York Times rU.S. 

lhal they had at first dismissed. 

The Kaiser Family Foundation and 
the League of Women Voters have 
learned up to sponsor a series of health 
care town meetings across the United 
States this spring. They will attempt to 
foster thoughtful consideration of tbe 
health care choices thousands of 
Americans, not just the few hundred in- 
volved in the Public Agenda experiment. 

But in a society like America's, only 
the t™** 6 media can furnish the informa- 
tion that millions need if they are to be 
mere than passive observers of a policy 
process whose outcome wifi intimately 

Leaders Ignore Genocide, Aide Says,” 
JHT, Feb. 5) quotes U.S. officials 
as asserting that nonintervention is 
justified by “higher moral slakes 
at play: the survival of the fragile 
liberal coalition” and the fact th 2 t 
“failure in Beotia would destroy the 
Clinton presidency." 

Have human lives been sacrificed for 
the sake of political careers? Shouldn't 
(he protection of the most basic of 
human rights come first? 

It is the duty of civilized people to 
act together as a force for good and 
work for peaceful reconciliation in a 
nonviolent manner wherever and 
whenever necessary. 


Saratoga Springs. New York. 

Democrats of the Western world must 
do everything possible to stop the car- 
nage in Bosnia- Herzegovina now. 


Izmir, Turkey. 

and powerfully affect their lives. The 
challenge of presenting that information 
to people in ways that they can absorb 
and use is about as daunting a task as 
journalism could face. 

Many news organizations, including 
my own. are wrestling with the problem. 
The sad thing is that much of the media 
is headed in a different direction — 
toward the i realization of substance 
and the substitution of sensationalized 
junk journalism. 

This has become the major topic of 
discussion within the business. Whether 
it is in a conference sponsored by the 
Freedom Forum, an offshoot of the 
Gannett newspapers, or in a lengthy 
two-pan series by the media reporter of 
the Los Angeles Times. David Shaw, or 
in a “Frontline” documemaiy on public 
broadcasting, the alarm is bong sound- 
ed — for good reason. 

Increasingly, it seems, the standards 
and patterns for the entire media are 
being dragged down by those with tbe 
shoddiest journalistic credentials. Radio 
talk shows, television “info-tainment” 

E ros rams and supermarket tabloids 
3 ve won huge audiences and demon- 
strated the capacity to “launch" stories, 
often of the sleaziest kind, that ibe main- 
stream press feds it necessary to follow. 

“In the process." as David Shaw 
wrote, “the media have not only 
blurred the lines between responsible 
journalism and sensationalism, they 
have undermined their own integrity' 
and credibility and — worse — they 
have given readers and viewers an in- 
creasingly distorted picture of their so- 
ciety and of themselves.” 

That is a heavy indictment, but it is 
not exaggerated. What I had to say to 
Dean Jamieson was: I wifi urge my col- 
leagues to go back into the fight against 
distortion in tbe television ads on health 
care. But I am not sure how much confi- 
dence people have in the press these 
days to tell it like it is. 

The Washington Post. 

Giving New Americans 
A Link to the Founders 

By Edmund Leites 

N EW YORK — When we Ameri- 
cans are asked our “ancestry” or 
“ethnic origin.” we think “American" 
is not an acceptable answer. Almost 
anything else is. Abraham Lincoln 
can teach us something here. 

In an 1858 speech in Chicago, the 
future president remarked that per- 
haps half of the American people of 
his day had no ancestor present at the 


nation's founding. How could these 
new ri teens connect themselves to the 
American past? “If they look back" 
through their ethnic history “to trace 
connection with those [revolutionary] 
days by blood," Lincoln said, “they 
find they have none, they cannot carry 
themselves back into that glorious ep- 
och and make themselves feel that 
they are a part of us." 

By that reasoning, my students and 
I cannot dahn the founders as ances- 
tors. Their words and deeds are part 
of their history, not ours. 

But when recent arrivals, Lincoln 
said, read the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence and found “that those old men 
say 'that we hold these truths to be 
self-evident, that all men are created 
equal,' then they feel that that moral 
sentiment taught in that day evi- 
dences their relation to those men.” 
Lincoln believed that new Ameri- 
cans would recognize that the princi- 
ples of equality and self-government 
were also meant for them — even for 
those whose parents were slaves. 

He understood that when the 
founders become “the father of all 
moral principle" for Americans, then 
immigrants as wefi as the native-born 

have a right to claim a relation to the 
authors of the Declaration. 

Thomas Jefferson and James Madi- 
son arc their moral or spiritual ances- 
tors, who give birib to them as Ameri- 
cans. Similarly, Edmund Randolph. 
George Mason and John Dickinson 
have become my ancestors, too, al- 
though Done represent those origins of 
mine that are supposed to be the cor- 
rect answer to the question of my an- 
cestry: Goman (He ssian . Saxorij, Bel- 
gian (Walloon) and Jewish (Russian). 

For Lincoln, the nation’s founding 
texts articulate moral ambitions that 
were not yet achieved by the constitu- 
tional establishment of the nation. 
The)' define goals for America. 

In declaring that all men are created 
equal, fJncnln had said in 1857, the 
founders “(fid not mean to assert the 
obvious untruth, that all were then 
actually enjoying equality, nor yet. that 
they were about to confer it immediate- 
ly upon than." So much for the argu- 
ment that they “did not intend to in- 
dude Negroes, by tbe fact that they did 
not at once actually place them on an 
equality with whites." 

So we have to read their words as 

full of oromise. 

1 wondered: Why catkin 1 1 answer 
“American” to the question of my ori- 
gins? In reading Lincoln, my students, 
whether of Guyanese, Chinese, Cro- 
atian, Ir anian, African or Korean ori- 
gin, learn that there is rate people 
whan all Americans, new or old, have 
an equal right to claim as ancestors. 

The writer, a professor of philosophy 
at Queens College in New York, is 
author of '‘The Puritan Conscience and 
Modem Sexuality. " He contributed 
this comment to The New York Times. 

ulu-lrit : 

: I . .- 

vi* i-- - 


IMAGES: My Life in film 

By Ingmar Bergman. Translated 
■from the Swedish by Marianne 
Bnutk 448 pages. 827.95 . 


By Milas Forman and Jan No- 
vak. 295 pages. $23. VtUard 

Reviewed by . 

Adam Hcjchschfld ’ 

M ANY things make Ingmar 
Bergman an extraordinary 
artist, bat perhaps tbe greatest e 
that be did so ranch with so Hole. 
The more than 40 fihns he directed 
had no outside ■ writers; Bergman 
wrote his own scripts. He used no 
casts of thousands the same 
familiar handful of actors, in film 
after BbtL'Aod lnsiafnM had tew ■ 
exotic locales: a sumnKrTx*Jse, a 
couple’s apartment were afi Bexg- 
man needed to plumb painful 
depths of insight about marriage. ' 
schizophrenia, arid humans’ ability, 
to mdee one -another unhappy 
Over the same years in wham he 
was crearing tins .body of work,- 
Bergman somehow managed to be 
Sweden’s leading theater director. 
On the side, be mrected operas. 

How could one man do all das? 
In Iris new memoir of hgfjfrmnflk- 
ing career, he doesn't really say. The 
text is a curious, unsatisfying mish- 
mash. Bergman discusses afi Iris 
films one after another, but not in . 
chronological order; which mak es 

By Robert Byrne 

faced Alexander Belyavsky in 
the qualification tournament of the 
Professional Chess Association, in 
December. Black, in responding to 
the 6 Bc3 attack against the Naj- 
dorf Variation of the Sicili a n De- 
fense with 6„c6, in place of 6_.e5, 
creates a position that can also 
emerge from die Scbeveningca Sys- 
tem. The plan involved in 7 D, is to 
secure the white center and lash out 
on tire king’s wing with 8 g4. 

The advance 8lh6 forces White 
to consume time in unparatioo for 
a g5 thrust, but it represents a 
weakening of the pawn structure. 

seal principle of counterattacking 
in the center with 12^(15. . -■ 

Aaand replied with a disputed 
gambit, 13 Bh3!? de 14g5 hg 15hg 
&16 Nf4 and Belyavsky followed 
with I6--Ne4 17 Qfel C. 

On 18 BC, Black dared not & 
for material with 18-.N12? because 
19 Be6! fe (19-RbI? ttos into 2D 

Bf7' Kf721 Qe6mate)20Rh8Ndl 
?1 Ndrf Qe722 Ng6 Qd6BN^ 
kf7 24Qfl Nf6 25 rfNe326fgNfI 
27 g8/Q Kf6 28 Nh7 Kf5 29 NM 
Kof30Cg2 Xe5 31 Qg5 Ke4 32 
Nfd Kd433 Nf5 wins for White. 
In playing 18—Qg5 I9Be3 Qb4, 



* Joseph While, of the Brook- 
ings Institution, is reading "Bu- 
reaucracy: What Government Agen- 
da Do and Why They Do JC by 
James Q. Wilson. 

“Good pubficpolky demands im- 
pkanentanon, and in this, tbe 
best bock on American burcaoacy, 
Wilson shows that h usually can’t do 
things too well because government, 
unfike business, can’t really measure 

(Lawrence Mdkm, IHT) 

die book confusing. For same films, 
he gives long excerpts from his note- 
books; for a few he mostly summa- 
rizes the plot; at trines be quotes 
long passages from an eariier book, 

Besgt amT is- fib*’ 
saved by Ins iraDriatoc. 

AS this is a striking contrast to 
Bagman’s two preceding books, 
the luminous, evocative “The Mag- 
ic Lantern” and the equally beanu- 
fufiy written noveJ-fihnscnpt-fam- 
ityrfostoiy “The Best Intentions.” 
The reason that “Images" is (Esap- 
pomtingly different is simple: 
Bergman didn't write it Ancestor's 
afterword teOs us that the book » 
the edited transcript of 60 hours off 
interviews with Bergman, minus 
ibe intoviewefs questions. Bag- 
man the painstaking craftsman — 
as much so with words as with film 
— would new have produced 



L r, _* 


0 ■ R 

something so rambling and uneven. 

Nonetheless, along the way “Im- 
ages "does let slip some clues to 
Bergman's astounding creativity. 
He tells us that many scenes in his 
movies came . directly .from . Iris 
dreams. He wrote several screen- 
plays while hospitalized for ner- 
vous breakdowns. We afi have neu- 
roses, dreams and parents, but 
most of us cannot translate them 
into works of art like “Wild Straw- 
berries" or “The Seventh SeaL" 
What makes Bergman different is 
that, in his words, “I have always 
had the ahffity to attach my de- 
mons to my chariot." 

With demons and chariot so 
firmly hitched, there was little 
boundary between Bergman's life 
and work. He shot and edited many 
fihns on tbe remote Baltic island of 
Faro, where be lives. At one time or 
another he seems to have married 

Perhaps 24..JKc8 might have 
beat a hater defense, although the 
black rode would remain bottled 
up. Belyavsky’s choice, 24_Ke8, 
failed to get him out of trouble 
after 25 Nf7! Ne5 26 Nd6! Nd6 27 

After 27„JCf8 28 Bb6! Bb6 29 
Rh6, Anand increased the pres- 
sure; 29—Nc6 would not suffice 
because of 30 Ree6 Rc8 31 Rh7 
Nd8 32 Rb8 Kf7 33 Ree8, which 
wins material. But after 29_Nf7 30 
Rb6 Bd5 31 Rb4, Anand also had a 


PanUHm after J*... Qh4 

Belyavsky was following a recom- 
mendation at the Sp anish interna- 
tional master Alfonso Romero 
Holmes. Tbe principle was dear: 
when under heavy attack, get the 
queens off. - ... 

On Anand’s 20 Nde6!, Be- 
Ivavskv made straight for an end- 

Bdyavsky had a material advan- 
tage, but his pieces were not wefi 
integrated, as Anand sbowed -at 
one* with 24 Ng5I The nice point 
.was that 24_Ng5T would faD into 
25 BM! Kc8 26 Re& mate. 

After 38 Rb5, the endgame 
would have been routine following 
38.*Rb5 39 ah, so Belyavsky gave 


or lived with almost all his leading 
actresses. In "The Magic Lantern," 
he remarks that “film work is a 
powerfully erotic business .... 

By contrast, director Milos For- 
man in his own new book says. *T 
could never manage a love affair 
while directing a film." Forman's 
achi evements as a filmmaker, his 
story makes dear, come not from 
harnessing his demons to his chari- 
ot but from successfully locking 
them up in the stable And harsh 
demons they must have been: Both 
Forman’s parents were Chech pa- 
triots who died in Nazi concentra- 
tion camps. After that, he was 

J rassed around Czechoslovakia 
rom the home of one friend or 
relative to another. A few years 
later tbe Communists came to pow- 
er and Forman was expelled from 
hi gh school fen: insulting a high 
djguitaiy’s son. He learned to fend 
for himself vay early. 

Forman’s work is not a reflection 
of youthful terror, but a celebration 
of its opposite. His films have 
something Bergman's usually lack: 
warmth and humor. Though 
known mostly for the movies be has 
done since coming to the United 
States in 1967, Forman had by then 
already made some of his best. 
Forman is less reticent than Berg- 
man in talking abraot bis fihns, and 
his memoir is mare open and engag- 
ing. His judgment on his own talents 
is ihodesu When he looks for some- 
thing that ties together his recent 
work — such as “Ragtime,” “Hair,” 
“Amadeus" and “Valmont” — he 
sees that be is at his most comfort- 
able bringing to life a time and place 
not his own. Study this is a result of 
locking the demons away — and of 
having lived more than naif his cre- 
ative Me in exile. 

It is surprising to learn how 
much Forman has worked with 
nonadors. whom he often told to 
improvise their own dialogue. 

Like Bagman’s small casts and 
simple sets, such things remind us 
that in art sometimes less is more. 
Of one of his earlier films. Forman 
comments that it cost about what it 
would take to cater the food for 
“Terminator 2" If other man had 
had to make the hesitant first steps 
of his career in a film industry 
dominated by such productions, 
woald he have survived? 

Adam Hochschild. the author of j 
“Half the Way Home: A Memoir of 
Father and Son,” wrote das for the i 
Washington Post ! 

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International Herald Tribune 
Tuesday, February 22, 1994 

Counterfeit Designer Labels: Here’s the 

By Clifford J. Levy 

New York Tones Senior 

N EW YORK — When detectives 
from the district attorney’s office 
burst through the doors of Konnan 
Sportswear m late December, they 
expected to arrest a handful of illegal imm- 

IJ Q ” 

j of designer clothing a day. 

Instead, they found what they called an in- 
creasingly potent threat to the fashion industry. 
a counterfeiter’s factory with an elaborate net- 
work of computerized machinery that turned 
nm-of-the-mill shirts, jeans and sweatshirts 
into tens of thousands of brand-name fakes. 

Huge embroidering and silk-screening ma- 
chines spat out dozens of designs a minute. The 
counterfeiters controlled production from a 
central computer that could instantly switch 
among hundreds of patterns: Polo, Guess, Tun- 
berknd, Champion, Ffia. Calvin Kirin, Nau- 

sea, Tommy Hilfiger, Hugo Boss, Gap, Gucci 
Hard Rock Cafe, Banana Republic, DKNY, 
Versace, Harley- Davidson, Disney and Warner 
Brothers characters, professional and college 
sports teams and a mail’s array of others. 

“If 1 had seen this stuff before I had been 
trained, it never would have occurred to me that 
it was counterfeit,” said Barry S, Weinrib, an 
assistant Queens district attorney, who examined 
the five truckloads of goods confiscated at Kor- 
man’s cinder-block warehouse. “I would have 
thought it was the same type of stuff sold at 

Once confined to the cut-aod-paste labor of 
back-room shops, fashion counterfeiting is be- 
ing transformed by computers that copy de- 
signer goods far more quickly and accurately 
than ever before. Some of the illegal wares are 
so well made that the police have to ask fashion 
companies to confirm that they are fake. 

The technology is expensive but readily 
available. With computerized mass produc- 
tion, counterfeiters feeding off the obsession 

with stains symbols can turn a profit almost as 
quickly as a drug lord selling cocaine: buy 
1,000 sweatshirts at S4 each, embroider a 
Guess emblem on them and people will pay 
S 20 each for them. Richard A. Brown, the 
Queens district attorney, said Korman Sports- 
wear was selling more than $3 million in fake 
clothing a year. 

The International Anti-Counterfeiting Co- 
alition, a trade group, estimates that fashion 
companies lose billions of dollars a year world- 
wide from counterfeiting, though Lee S. Spots, 
the chairman, could not estimate how many of 
the fakes are computer-generated. 

But Spora, who is also associate general 
counsel at Polo/ Ralph Lauren, added: “It’s 
dear the technology makes it possible to pro- 
duce better-quality merchandise in greater vol- 
ume at less cost than five years ago. That’s got 
to be a cause of concern." 

The counterfeiters are increasingly trying to 
pass off their work as the real thing, rather than 
an obvious knockoff, by using computers to 

copy not only the dotiring bm also tte labels, 
tags, buttons, buckles, rivets, packaging and 
other accoatrements —even the cardboard tag 
that says, "This Polo by Ralph Lauren shirt has 
been crafted for quality, comfort and easy styl- 

lot of this merctamdue used to be sold in 
flea markets, and it was obviously counterfeit, 
bmwhm is happening now is that dw merchan- 
dise is showing 19 much mote in established 
sums, many tunes unbeknownst to the retail- 
ers,” said Stuart Drobny, president of Stumar 
Investigations, which works tor Palo/Ralph 
Lauren, Champion, Docoey & Booxke and 
many other fashion companies. “We started 
□0 bring this in the last two years," he said, 
“and it nas become much more prevalent in the 
last six months, to a big degree. It makes our 
fieldwork more difficult Some of this stuff has 
become so good that I am not able to tell the 

As good as the fakes may be; executives at big 
retailers like Mary’s and Saks Fifth Avenne 

caM Tyirhanffft of finding SUCh CQUOr 

terfrits at thrir stores. They arid they bought 
merchandise only from fashion companies 
adding that they would befodfish to jeopardize 
relationships with those companies by carrying , 
counterfeits. ' 

And _ „ . . 

Aag ng dntlimg was limited to flea markets 
and <m«Tl retailers who might 

be dating with unscrupulous wholesalers or 
warn to increase profits by'seffing counterfat 
goods. “We do not purchase imitations," said 
Gloria Krrisnan, a spokeswoman for MacyV 
“We deal exclusively with refiablcraercfcaats 
and vendors." ‘ - 

To be sore, there is no Portage of flimsy 
counterfeit Chanel bags that have as -much. in. 
common wilt Baris coutureas. a' Beavis and 
butt-head chk T-shirt. Many fakes are as bJa- 
tmt as ever, stitched, together so poody and 
prioed so cheaply that there is fittfe doubt about 
their origin. But the new breed of counterfeiter 

is becoming mote of a drain on Kg Mon. 

the comuafenennsedandec- 


the image, or to make 0*5 al terations . 

Tbe images wot added to a computer pro- 

stitched intricate embtans oo24 starts every 

three minutes, Brown said Or 

three aJk-ucrearing machines, gmgl y monst ers 
SSTcan cost' $25,000 apiece, .that tmmnted 
designs in I Ocelots. Color photocopias.dupli- 
catedtags and labels. . , . 

Three people, inctodmg Konnan s owm^. 
Tdk H. Kang, 53, were arrested and charged 
writ firsl-and second-degree trademark coun- 
idieitia& bcnh fricsaies, and could go to prison 
for is years if convicted. . 

Barbra Streisand, the Collector 

By Rita Rdf 

New York Tima Serriee 

Art Deco clock by Albert Cheuret is among about 500 objects from the performer 's collection that will be auctioned in New York next month. 

N EW YORK — Barbra 
Streisand’s collection 
of Art N comm and 
Art Deco .may topple 
records when it is auctioned next 
month. But investment was Car 
from thesupeotai*s mind when she 
was acquiring these objects over 

t h r ee 

Speaking recently by telephone 
from her earthquake-damaged 
home in Beverly Hilla, California, 
Streisand recalled how her obses- 
sive pursuit of campy Nouveau 
lamps and Deco vases moved into 
high gear in the. late 1960s, just 
after her dazzling screen s u ccesse s 




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jyl** . - :one of the 22 Tiffany items up for 

A of vintage fasbiimR- bidding: a oobweb lamp, its leaded- 

and jewdty since her teeris,'Stra- . glass shade patterned with sputey 
<arnA enthusiast medalfioQS, its mosaic base awash 

both decorafive-arts styles, begin- 
ning is 1964. The Brooklyn-bam 
performer honed 'her eye by fre- 
quenting the. shops of the best deal- 
ers and was known as a odBector 

who bargained baxd but paid bigh 

prices when rite had to. 

Streisand’s jazz-age and tum- 6 f- 

witb white narcissuses. 

The performerfound the piece m 
1979 — the year she was preparing 
to direct ana star in the film adap- 
tation of Isaac Bashevis Singers 
“YentT — in the basement of a 
favorite Manhattan shop. 

1 thought it was kind of urfy- 

rhfsryrTtnry hokHng n mnltiplied as great,” Streisand said, adding that 

she added scores of. floral lamp 
fantasies by Loins Comfort Tiffa- 
ny, frosted gjass vases by Rote La- 
hque, chromed figures by Cari Ha- 
gervauer and curvy inlaid cabinets 
by Louis Majoidte.; 

Now, Streisand has switched ho - 
focus to Americana and !has sent 
most of her other objects to Chris- 
tie's in New Yadi; tile 500 dr so 
iwm« — f ntmture . bmps, pamt- 
in« DOSterS. <^Tna rimK and col- 

lectibfes— will be auctioned an 
March 3 and 4 in a sale estimated 
to fetch es much as $4l5 mfibau. 

The Ait Deco items ship ped to 
her California house in 19/2 filled 
II huge boxes, bed that whs -only 
the fint wave. Her pursuit of ^)tb- 
' century French decorations and 
Tiffany gfess oostmoed mto the 
late 1980s. 

Among the' treasures she an- 
qmred werei tlqtffr.d ^tw^^g 

C ’ saoIh^OTg^b^^^ 
dt, a gilded bromnoftlie tmn- 
of-tto-centnry daa^ Lofe Btdkr 
by Raota Ixcchc, a $ass vase'eai-' 

the price — $70,000 — “seemed 
huge* at the time but proved a 
bargain two weeks later when an- 
other lamp of this design brought 
double the price at auction. 

Nancy McOefland, Christie’s 
lop specialist in 20 th-cmtaiy deco- 
rative arts, said “cobweb bmps 
have soared in value ever since.” 
McClelland estimates'- that 'Strei- 
sand's lamp may bring $2 atiZhoiL 
Tiffany’s cobweb is gone, but the 
shnxms tnm-of-thfrbentury style 
fingers an —.sort of. — in Strei- 
sand’s matn home in Beveriy Hills. 
“My v^ole Art Nouveaa coUecticm 
is now. down toone bathroom,'’ die 
sa«L“i have tire most gorgeous Art 
Nonveandresss* table, dhair, mir- 
ror and lan^Kf — aD by Hector 
Guimard. _ These^days, tiiere are 
fewer things I want to. own.” 

Enat so, ihe rooms are far from 
.biaUrVheftlAlordfe&coaier cab- 
me& mbta with watezfiHes and 
ifflfiQhttib. 'weft 'removed from the 

ier was a 

pioneer enthusiast of 
ArtNoiiv&LU and 

. atawe^aoefcm _ 

of Qbopatra’s Cfflffnre by 
Cheuret. ■- '••• •**'■ •: *• 

As modi as Strosand umaBy en- 

Mt lhco objects. 

ranch in Mafibo, tim remake of fie 


Art Deco residchce for guerfs-w» 
.the eacqmoatTt took tt» kng 
five years —- and r^ircsented,' she 
sank “enormous aggravation.* ’■* ; 

. Evatthegaragphadte beraxrp- 
structod to accommodate her Art 
Deco antemobaes: a Salver Ghost 
RoQs-Royce from 1926 and a 1933 
buignndy Dodge convertible, a 
road s ter worthy erf Nancy Drew/ 
“By the time 1 finished," Ac 
said, “I was sick of Ait DeCa" 

B UT bade in 1970, as her 
buying escalated, the 
1920s and TOs style was 
very ranch on Streisand’s 
imnd^and me 
est Art Deco raize: a f 
townhouse in Manhattan. 

She seeded more mace than she 
bad in her West Soe apartment 
and adorned the Lfcger-hke front 
door of Ihe townlious^^ But, she 
sikL she also hated the idea of 
firing in a bouse in New York. So, 
she never took occupancy and srid 
the property within the year -irat a 

“That’s when I moved here to 
Cafiforab,” Streisand said, “bat 
kept the snail apartment hi New 
York. Eventually, I also expanded 
that a pa rt m ent when I bought the 
one next door.” 

Collectors never reaUy stop ef- 
fecting, Streisand said. But they of- 
ten switch gears, simplify their 
holdings and start a gain. And 
that’s one reason she decided late 
larf year to empty the houses on her 
Malibu estate and seat to Christie’s 

the stytbh contents — - mduefing 
“Adam and Eve,” a painting by 
Tamara de Lemjticka. 

Thai she donated the fend and 


the Santa Monica Mtmrtafn.<t <Vffl - 
sovancy. The state a^ncy w® use 

as tE^osasd Cotter SrSras^ 

vt^^Stndfes. ^ ^ 

dSmngroom; they .wjae replaced by 
plainer, oak items in the Aits and 
Ckafts style. ’ ‘ . 

Tbemost important piecenowis 
ah angnTar Gustav Stiddcy side- 
board, for which Streisand paid 
$363,000 in 1988 at Christie’s, the 
record fra Aits and Crafts. “It was 
Sticklers sideboard,” she said: “It 
crane out of his house in Syracuse.” 

The Americana takes different 
farms elsewhere in Streisand's rcsi- 
deoces. These days she collects the 
formal 18th-century Queen. Anne 
and Chippendale of the Founding 
Fathers for her Manhattan apart- 
ment and early 20 tb-centtny mod- 
em by Frank LRmLWrijdtt in Lbs 

Most of Streisand’s American 
folk art — painted fnnuture^ de- 
coys, toys and . dojis — along with 
an AmnaPhiffips portrait filled fier 
favorite house on the Mafibu prop- 
erty^ the one with exposed wood 
walls that she called the bam. And 
tile longs to replace it with some- 
thing as homey. . 

“1 really want to be on one or 
twraresandnotsocutoff aslwas 
at the end of the canyon in Ma- 
Kbu,”she sai(L“Npw.rhayeapa«»' 
of land overiodring the city where I 
would, like to bnM someday. My 
ided wradd be an East Coast poses 
itouse, with shutters and trdfises 
and swing. Fm & freak in terms cf 
detaiL rilfiy to Salon just to check 
out the Bxdcfings on Cbe cdfings.” 

; S treisan d cxmsklecs her bedroom 
in Booty Hills the moist casual of 
®D bar 'interim* *Tv» got I be ef 
; ait and rocto^ chairs,” 

slxe said. *The erfor scheme — ba- 
soalhr white with blues' and peen 
— ttbmb around an EdwaidHop- 
pra minting of two houses in a 
New England landscape;” - 

URTHER espaaaori of 
ho- Ameztaaha will have 
to await the end of her 

.nan project:, t 

“and aH those raganfc. v^tstaWes ^^oacfLariy Kiamers i 
and scented cabby roses.” - - 
•. Strasand added tint she . wifi 


.... Paris left bank 

<■ - •&Jk£J£LX" 

ror onsets 


“The Normal Heart? “If* a 1. ._ 
tiray between two nun-set against 
^begronined: theAIDSepidem- 
te,-&eisand said. “Ifs about ev- 
oybo^s right to love.* 

■■■ -By Am, ttxv the mhcbfides and 
wQsnoda from the recent eartft- 
TbM® wifl-be a tfistant memory'. 

“My bbusfrtee, looked. Hke a 
War zone from the. e wtlini'Mi 

vase and a 
Bufall I 
4 vras, ‘WbePB’s- tbe ptm- 
-the 'Hchon fifeh T -bad 
I went downstairs with 
gty fra^nght ^sfeardung aid found 
™n in a coiner behind a mess of 

- — S1W IfflJ UUUU 

^^^^t^rafclhefaetAat . 

was^alree mattered —ran flu 
objects.” - : ' ■ 

ProJuct future* 


Page 9 

Sleeping in Business Class 

A brief history. 

L * *■ : 

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9 < * 'n, 



Igorngocwl H^aW Tribune World Stock Index ©, composed of ■ 

S?Jl2S5f ,to W inwe ^? bte sto<*s from 25 countries, compiled 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1, 1992 *=100. . 


Executives Praise I Honda Severs Ties with Rover 

■ • a rw i -* By Andrew Pollack Honda's management previously expressed dust^ Maftfst at &jomot 

§* a r § Vk-a m /vli /|-m .v«, >w nm* Sm:cr outrage at the sale to the German company. Bloomberg Bu^ess News re 

L/liniOn $ X OUSi flCT TOKYO — Honda Motor Co. said Mondav which it regards as a competitor, and it bad Honda and Rover have n 

■ V w foa it would md il5 invTsunent * r ov £ threatened to end its relationship with Rover, that have built ^ 

. Group Ltd. because of the sale of the bulk of BMW executives have expressed hope that cooperation. Honda supplies 

\rnn f/vn/m the British automobile company to Baveriscbe Honda would continue the collaboration, but Rover cars and has supplied 

yjtftJLf ICC OH ml 0/00/0/ Motoren Werke AG. executives of the Japanese automaker appar- Rover makes one snail aui 

Honda, which has mide no secret erf the <gna ? ently bad already made up their minds by the Honda m Europe and a sp 

.-3 -4 .. 

: ‘> v ^*‘Vl ’fi* 

!•" ' • . .» 'V.* 

sjuwt. vir^AKSSTV 

World Index * 

' = 

s o 



D J . F 


| Asifi/Pacffic 

Europe 1 

Appnw. wBtghftiff 32% 
Ocesr 128L26 Pm i- 12&82 

Approx wogMng: btH" EBB 

CtosK 1 R5DFteK,- 1 1&« 

140 — : ‘~r— — t 


-rr..-' • " r--- 

North America 

Approx, wdgfing; 26% 

a:.:--y : -v::rm 

Latin America 

Approx, wtytiry: 9% 
Qa*zU2J& Piwj 144.04 

S O H D J F S O;N D J F ! 
1083 1884 1083 * V-' 1004 i 

t§w<*«ind«. ..... ... | 

77W «xta> backs US. doOar valuta of stocks to: Tokyo, Nwr York. London, and 
Argentina, Anatrala, AuHta,.a«lgIin, BrtaK, Cadi, CWa. Dmmrk, Ftatand, 
tan. Qorawny, Hang Kong, Holy, Mnico, rMtartanda. Now ZMtend, Norway, j 
Sngapora, Spten, Swadan, Swftxadand and Vonanm For Tokyo, NawYorkand 
London. toe influx la convo&ad of tha 2Q lap Issues in tarns of marital eapta ki n S on. i 
otoeiatse Hie ten top stocks are fractal ■’ • • i 

Industrial Sectors 

Capita Goods 
>-.>?« HrtiiMi •. r 

By Bamaby J. Feder 

Not York Times Service 

• CHICAGO — Business exec- 
■ olives are praising President 
Bin Clinton's decision to take a 
tougher stance wixh Japan over 
. trade but are divided aooul how 
much the administration can 
improve the situation. 

“It’s time the Japanese un- 
derstood that this chronic defi- 
cit is intolerable/* said George 
Fisher, chairman and chief ex- 
ecutive of Eastman Kodak Co. 

Mr. Clinton is drawing the 
highest marks for refusing this 
month to pretend that any pro- 
gress had been made in trade 
talks with Prime Minister Mori- 
hiro Hosokawa. 

Japan is arguing »hnt any 
'agreement should focus on 
opening Japanese markets by 
changing regulations and whit- 
tling away at traditional cus- 
toms that inhibit access to its 

The United States has con- 
cluded that such agreements 
have failed to dent (he deficit, 
which exceeded S59J2 bflhaa 
last year. It wants agreement on 
specific benchmarks fra pro- 
gress, such as growth in market 
share over certain periods fra 
American products that are 
clearly competitive in price and 

Mr. □mum’s administration 
is also being applauded for fol- 
lowing up cm its stand with a 
highly pubiioxed move Feb. 14 
toward imposing trade sanc- 
tions in retaliation fra what the 

government sees as Japan’s fail- 
ore to meet commitments to 
grant Motorola Inc. unfettered 
access to Japan’s biggest cellu- 
lar phone market. 

The exact sanctions have not 
yet been determined, but most 
business executives said they 
were sure such moves would be 
limited. The/ said they doubted 
that l here would be much im- 
pact on American manufactur- 
ers who used Japanese compo- 
nents or that Japan would see 
any need to respond with mea- 
sures that would lead to an aU- 
out trade war. 

It is important to note, some 
executives say, that sanctions 
and other industry-specific 
trade measures would have a 
minor effect on the overall 
trade deficit but that talking 
about them draws attention to 
the imbalance, which can affect 

A falling dollar delights 
American automakers. 

“The recent rise in the yens 
value, and its stability at the 
higher level over the past year, 
has done more to level the play- 
ing field than all of the govern- 
ment negotiations over the past 
20 years,” John F. Smith Jr., 
chief executive and president of 
General Motors Corp., said in 
an address Monday in Wash- 
ington to the UJS.- Japan Busi- 
ness Council 

Some consumer-product 
companies say the major barri- 
er they face is the Japanese dis- 
tribution and re tailing system. 

By Andrew Pollack 

■Vfii York Times Senior 

TOKYO — Honda Motor Co. said Monday 
that it would end its investment in Rover 
Group Ltd. because of the sale of the bulk Of 
the British automobile company to Bayeriscbe 
Motoren Werke AG. 

Honda, which has made no secret of the sense 
of betrayal it felt when 80 percent of its longtime 
partner was sold, also suggested it would end 
many of its elaborations with Rosrr and set up 
a more independent operation in Europe. 

The announcement came after a meeting 
here between Nobuhiko Kawamoto, the presi- 
dent of Honda, and Bemd ftschetsrieder, the 
chairman of BMW. 

[A BMW spokesman said the German com- 
pany agreed Monday to take over Honda's 20 
percent stake in Rover, the Associated Press 
reported from Frankfurt. The agreement would 
give BMW full ownership of Rover.] 

While Honda owns part of Rover, Rover 
owns 20 percent of Honda’s British manufac- 
turing subsidiary. The other 80 percent of 
Rover had been owned by British Aerospace 
PLC until it agreed to seil tim stake to BMW 
three weeks ago for about SI 2 billion. 

Honda’s management previously expressed 
outrage at the sale to the German company, 
which it regards as a competitor, and it bid 
threatened to end its relationship with Rover. 

BMW executives have expressed hope that 
Honda would continue the collaboration, but 
executives of the Japanese automaker appar- 
ently bad already made up their minds by the 
time Mr. Pischeisrieder arrived in Tokyo. 

Mr. Kawamoto said a variety of collabora- 
tive efforts and contracts between Honda and 
Rover “will be reviewed in future business 
discussions." He also said that Honda, which 
has relied on Rover for help in selling cars in 
Europe, will now expand in Europe “using our 
own resources." 

{BMW said it understood Honda’s desire to 
end its equity relationship with Rover. Reuters 
reported from Frankfurt, “We understand 
Honda," a BMW spokesman said. “But 1 must 
emphasize that this is purely an equity move, ft 
does not affect Honda's business cooperation 
with Rover." 

The split could delay Honda's efforts to in- 
crease its presence in Europe by leaving it on its 
own to find suppliers and distribution chan- 
nels, said Keith Donaldson, an automobile in- 

dustry analyst at Salomon Brothers Asia, 
Bloomberg Business News reported.] 

Honda and Rover have numerous interde- 
pendencies that have built up over IS years of 
cooperation. Honda supplies many engines for 
Rover cars and has supplied other technology. 
Rover makes one s mall automobile sold by 
Honda in Europe and a sport-utility vehicle 
sold by Honda in Japan. 

“I’m surprised they came down that hard." 
said Enda Clarke, an auto analyst with Baring 
Securities in Tokyo. He said he draught it 
would make sense for the companies to contin- 
ue their cooperation, at least temporarily. 

Jonathan S. Dobson, an analyst with Janiine 
Fleming Securities in Tokyo, said Honda’s move 
made sense in that Honda had nurtured Rover 
tack to health with its knowhow, only to see the 
company fall into the bands of a competitor. 

He said there was much less risk to Honda 
than to Rover from the unraveling of the rela- 
tionship. “For Honda it's an inconvenience to 
have to untangle the shareholding web rather 
than a strategic disadvantage," he said. 

Honda had already been planning to lessen its 
dependence on cars made by Rover as if in- 
creased production at its own British factory. 

Independent Wary of New Bid 

Aruit-K Independent’s founder and editor 

LONDON — The parent com- Andreas Whiuam Smith, on Sun- 
pan)' of the Independent new^?a- boosted its offer to match the 
per on Monday welcomed a sweet- price paid in the open market for a 
ened takeover bid from a quarter of the company last week 
consortium that already holds 48 by Tony O'Reilly, the Irish investor 
percent of the publishing concern, who is chairman of H. J. Heinz Co. 

the directors said in a statement 
They do not speak for the whole 
board, because Mr. Whirtom Smith 
and other directors are involved in 
the consortium offer. 

The directors' committee said 
they were urgently seeking more 

but it did not go as far as , ^ The consortium is offering hold- 

m»dmgtlK ofier to shareholders ers of the 52 percent of Newspaper uons of the consortium offo-s. 
and asked for further information. Publishing n does not control a 
A committee of directors of revised stock-and-casb offer total- , ^°’^ ces c , group said 

Newspaper Publishing PLC, parent mg 350 pence (S5.20) a share, up 
of the afling Independent and the from its original bid of 26 1.6 pence. 
Independent on Sunday, said Mem- “The committee welcomes the 

day that they were not yet ready to significant improvement in the lev- 
back the offer by a group including d of the consortium ordinary offer 
Mirror Group Newspapers PLC. and shares the consortium’s con- 
The group, which includes the cem that the uncertainty surround- 
publishers of Italy’s La Repubblica mg Newspaper Publishing should 
and Spain's El Pais as wdl as the be removed as soon as possible," 

uons of the consortium offers. 

Sources dose to the group said 
the offer could be dedared success- 
ful under some circumstances with 
acceptances from shareholders rep- 
resenting 50 percent of the publish- 
ing company. 

Mr. O'Rolly bought a 24.99 per- 
cent stake in the group (his month 
to in an attempt to trump the con- 
sortium's offer. 

German Strike Looms as Union Calls for Ballot 

Btag 113L71 114.58 .-076 
Ww 125.06 127.53 -L&4 
Baanca liflg gl2! -1 Si 
Swtota iffiflfl J&SI -<LB^ 

Far mom tobanaSbit about ll» Ind^aSoaUglbavMilalrsaafchmgk. 

Writs to TdrJntJax, m Amnue Chaksde Qsuto, 9SSS21 NeuBy Ceclex, France 

. . Compiled by Our Swff Firm Dispatches 

111MB 114-30 -1.08 FRANKFURT — IG Metafl. Germany’s largest union, 
119J20 12094 -1.44 called Monday on workers in the northern state of Lower 
-j... Saxony to vote early next month on whether to hold the first 
. *%• - - — strike m the German engineering sector since 1984. 

, .f29JM 133.13; “2^47 IQamZwickelchiefof theunioii, said the bofloting would 

. take place from next Tuesday through March 3 and and that 

iNeuByCe^Banca.' a strike^ if approved, would probably begin March 7. 

7 ' - - — The decision by the union’s national board moved the 

ClnternMJonaJHoraldTitow’a enginwgring sector, which includes ca rmaker * and other 
- v • V: ?:■ I? experi leaded to what could be tire worst laborm 2 resi 

in Germany since IG MctaH walked out 10 years ago. 

Mr. Zwidcd said the strikes could be expanded if no deal more compeuuye. Se ecuve walkouts over the past two 
with employers were reached within two weeks after the start weeks haw involved almost 1 J million employees, 
of walkouts in Lower Saxony, where 90,000 metal workers Mr. Zwickd said the two-week lag between the first strike 
are employed in 230 co mpanies and any extension of the action should “make it dear that we 

He said the strike action could then be expanded to want to avoid a major social conflict. 

Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Bremen and other areas of 
Lower Saxony. Those actions could affect 170.000 employ- 
ees at 380 companies. 

The union needs 75 percent of workers to vote to approve 
strike action. 

Management has called for a wage freeze and benefit cuts, 
saying costs must be cut by 10 percent to make industry 

JG MetaB would also only call out an strike workers at 
plants that would have no far-reaching effect on the industry 
as a whole, he added. 

Dieter Kirchner. chief of the employers’ federation Ge- 
samtmetall said employers were prepared to use lockouts if 

there was a strike. 

(Reuters. AFP . Bloomberg) 

iWnlrihg Ahead /Cornmenfary . 

Lessons for Winners in the Cold War 

Westerners Seek Asian Air Business 

2fyRegiaa]dD,aIe -~ii. 

hamtakmal Etrald THburie ■ 

WASHINGTON — Thevictort of Wptld: 
-War II were magnanimous but short-sighted. 
Now it is time lor the winners of the Cdd 
War to show they can do better. 

After Worid War H, the United States 
helped Japan to construct a highly efficient 
capitalist society, without realizing that it was 
creating its most dangerous future commrr- 
dal rival The Americans even innocently 
showed the Japanese how to make cars. 

could ! at. least become Koteas or Taiwans. 

' Leszek Balcerpwkz, the former Polish fi- 
nunce minister, said the West could help them 
along, without it costing a single dollar. The 
West should eamhan its own policy mistakes 

confrontational British model — -hel p i n g to 
bufld a Goman soda! system that would 
soon outperform its own. , 

Half a century latcr, the countries i rif Cen- 
tral and Eastern Europe are in a position not 
.mKlrr that of the Iosco of Worid War XL 

and wara Fast Europeans not to repea 
, The most obvious example is the Eu 
Union’s horrific common agricultural 

The West should use its 
experience to demonstrate 
the evils of regulation. 

Mr. Balcerowicz said at a conference orga- 
nized by the European Institute in Washing- 
ton last week. 

The West should also use its own experi- 

like Gennany and Japan in 1945, they mast ence to demonstrate the evils of 
VT, " . j ' <■ _i»' .mi and Twntectmnism. Now that-mai 

rebuild their economies from scratch — and 
they are appealing to Ihe Gold War's victors 
for help and advice. / 

and protectionism. Now that many Western 
countries are snuggling to dcreguLite their 
economies, they should warn their new ex- 
Commumst friends that “it’s better not to 

They should get ix —just as it was tight io ! Communist friends that Its bettor not 
Ip teem of worid War IL Bin this time, die ovw-rcgulate m Jhe fimt place. Quae, 

hdp losera of Worid War IL Bm tins time, me 
victois sJkwM understand they cannot stand 
still while the losers turn into oewtxmpetitois. 

Tte Americans were not wrong to teach the 
Japanese how to build cars; their mistake was 
to fail to appreciate the implication far .their 
own industry. The .British wap ri$u to teach. 
Gennans the evils of rhor own trade muons; 
tbor errarwas to fail to reform themselves. 

Now. if not new. ^ ^Gennanys . and Japans, 
some countries of^ Central and Eastern Emt** 

There is certainly no shortage of free West- 
ern advice. With Western markets about as 
open as they are likely to gpt in the near future, 
Western officials arc tugmg the East Europe- 
ans to concentrate- on netting themselves 
■ . ItUnow i^totlteCemrdtmdEaaBirope- 
ansy (hey say, to attriud foirign private invest- 
ment by eroding the rigjht rixncnac, political 
and legal canditions and building up-to-date 
transput and communications syrtems. The 

former Communists should try harder to make 
.dungs that people want, learn how to market 
than and trade, more among themselves. 

All that is good advice, if it is followed, 
countries Hke Poland, Hungary and die Czech 
Republic will be weD placed to exploit the 
latecomer advantages that helped East Asian 
countries catch up so East with the West 
There are bound to be differences from 
country to country. But if all goes well the 
more successful Central and East European 
countries mil soon have newer factories than 
ihe West, and lower labor costs — and by 
around the turn of the century they wQl be 
inside the Enropem Union. 

That is just as it should be. Prospering 
market economies are the best way to keep the 
region ecoacsnically and pobticaQy stahlc and 
. provide new castamera for Western goods. The 
competition will be healthy, jnst as Japanese 
compe tit ion has been good for Amenta. 

But the West, and especially Western Eu- 
rope, will be piling up trouble for itself if it 
does not watch out Vladimir Dioohy. the 
Czech minister of industry and trade, put it 
better than anyone at last week’s conference. 
The Centra] and East Europeans were doing 
what the West had told them to, he said 
Bat the West had not yet understood that 
economic reform in the framer Communist 
countries meant that “yon must reform your 
policies and your economies too." Specifically, 
he said. Western indostry must move upmar- 
ket to make way far imparts from the East 
He is absolutely right. As the West teaches 
the East to profit from Western mistakes, it 
should team from them as wdL 


SINGAPORE — Nearly 1,000 
vendors will be showing wares at 
Asian Aerospace *94, which is to 
begin Tuesday, as Western compa- 
nies make a push fra contracts in 
ihe growing Asia-Pacific market. 

On display will be aircraft, air- 
port equipment and technology, 
avionics and aircraft engines; spare 
parts, maintenance equipment and 
in-flight entertainment products. 

American companies will lead 
the way, with about 200 exhibitors 
among 930 expected Overall- 

Western aerospace companies 
are eager to tap the Asia-Pacific 
market, where air traffic is expect- 
ed to grow 10 percent a year. 

Serge Dassault, chairman of the 

group that represents the French 
aeropace industry, said Monday 
that French companies were pre- 
pared to offer their latest products 
without restrictions to Asians. 

France, which recently clinched 
a deal to sell 60 Mirage 2000s worth 
S5 billion to Taiwan, flew in three 
of the aircraft for the show. 

Despite Mr. Dassault's comment 
about not restricting Asian sales, 
French officials said in January 
that while the Mirage deal would 
go through, France would avoid 
future arms sales to Taiwan which 
could offend China. 

Besides Mirages, there w£D be 
about 70 aircraft on display in Sin- 
gapore, ranging from executive jets 

to fighters and attack helicopters. 

Sprawling over 22JI00 square 
meters (26.550 square yards), the 
show, the seventh to date, is the 
largest yet. It has attracted more 
than 20,000 trade visitors and ex- 
hibitors. 8,000 from overseas. 

It will be open to the public this 
weekend, and more than 50.000 
viators are expected. 

Meanwhile, the Dutch aircraft 
maker Fokker NV said Transwede 
Airways had ordered two of its F- 
100 aulineis. raising to seven the 
number of F-lOOs the Swedish car- 
rier uses. Bloomberg Business 
News reported from Amsterdam. 
The order is worth about $66 mil- 

Audit Faults 
Disney Idea 
For Europe 

By Jacques Neher 

Intemanonal Herald Tribune 

PARIS — An independent 
audit of Euro Disney SCA said 
emergency measures enacted 
late last year to shore up the 
troubled theme-park complex 
were sound and that the oper- 
ation could be viable after a 
financial restructuring. 

A source said Monday that 
the report, delivered to a steer- 
ing committee representing 60 
French and international 
b anks , had endorsed the price 
and cost cuts put into place by 
Philippe Bourguignon. named 
chairman in April 1993, and 
criticized the original strategy 
conceived by Walt Disney Co., 
which owns 49 percent of the 
complex near Paris. 

It said the original concept 
depended too heavily on the 
experience of Disney's other 
theme paries and had not been 
sensitive enough to European 
consumer habits. 

The long-delayed audit by 
KPMG Peat Marwick, howev- 
er, still has some holes; say 
banking sources, who com- 
plain that Price Waterhouse — 
Disney's auditor — continued 
to bloat access to information. 

“Every time we wanted to 
open a book." one source said, 
“someone from Price Water- 
house slapped our hand and 
said, ‘Don’t touch.* " 

A Euro Disney spokesman 
maintained that Peat Marwick 
“was given all information 
necessary lo its audit." 

The report, bankers said, 
was to act as a “working docu- 
ment" in the negotiations, 
which started last week, be- 
tween the banks and Disney. 

Disney says it will fund the 
park’s operations only until 
the end of March and has 
threatened to cut the financial 
lifeline if banks do not agree to 
restructure the park's 20J bil- 
lion French francs ($3.5 bil- 
lion) of debt by that time. 

Europe’s Bears Unfazed by Rate Drop 


branlWM • .;- : fiBb - 21 

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Eurocurrency Deposits 

Feb, 81 

. . 










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ftoamofeticable to Mettarik deposits •» *1 mHUen minimum tar eoulvalmnt. 

“ iS . 55 ■ *A* riJ^. vsm. nun.. “T 

gu eO a bl a. JuittaQH 

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aadtkenm . 79M 

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HWtttW W.W 

totAtitokto nisei 
Wta* **!? 

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KawoiH aw aom 

Cantaey ' . «r« 
Mac. mw ilW 
N.ZfeMarfS \jm 
' Now. krone 7X2S- 
PU.MU 71 Jt 

PafMiMv.,: 2HZZ . 
MinM 1*7.00 
S W Ut l W M -175 
StakS 1*07 

' Canwnr- 'Ptrs. ■ 
sjUr-rnW. urn 

S, Kcr. won ' Blina 
SumLtawM- im 
Tataaol 2MZ 
TWW - 2M7 
TorUtaflra . 17741. 
.IMBdlrm - 347 
vtaez-botiv. liaou 

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= .H>A»rwte - 

FtaMWInd* Closed 3^14 1-«o«i 

tatafcrai* M7 T- montt 

CfnwLfWKraoWvc J4S 

%mmmiTmaanbm . . 327 10 -war 

MtarTremmbni - 3B0 France 

tadanr (Mn.tHn 
U* on UH 

104* ■’ M4S4 «MT 

— (uu. u iti i CMrtiiev tadanr tHter iMw 

maOmMtof W.UM 

w*.**!. uas* 1720S JertMWW 104* WS4 MMT 


nS£iJfS»is ooi.otnmrma/»mMat9MAP. 

7-r*sr Treasury t 


CoS aKnrr 



Lombard rot*. 
, fwm>H tetertnafe 

MMBtetolwtank 4« S% 

WwarOAT W7 iW 

Sources: RtUtars. Btoombcry, Merrill 
Lmcto Btmk of Tokyo. CommenOmk . 
Gnemmll Montagu. CneOt Lyamob. 

By Erik Ipsen 

Intemanonal Hendd Tribune 

LONDON — With European 
interest rates falling and corporate 
profits rebounding solidly, inves- 
tors should be ecstatic. Instead, on 
Monday, European bond and equi- 
ty markets from Sweden to Spain 
extended their recent declines. 

Even last week’s surprise cut in 
German interest rates, the one 
event that the market had come to 
hang its hopes on more than any 
other, has failed miserably to turn 

the tide of sellers back from their 


mm “I was surprised by how the mar- 
ket managed to forget that cut in 
_ just a day," said Joe Rooney, a 
strategist with Lehman Brothers. 
.21 The Frankfurt DAX index 
slumped 1.51 percent on Monday, 
j while the Paris CAC 40 index fell 
. ,. ( 0 l 9J percent and the London FI- 
iv. nanrial Times 30-share industrial 
; index eased 0.81 percent. The Eu- 
ropean component of the Interna- 
tional Herald Tribune Stock Index 
fell 1.62 percent. 

Rather than looking in their own 
backyards fra inspiration, analysts 
say that European and even Asian 

investors are increasingly looking 
sw to America. 

5*j But they do not at all like what 
they see there. 

4* “The markets now arc dominat- 
ed by fears that interest rates will 
#{, rise in the U.S. and that that will 
6«. send a shock waves to other mar- 
kels." said Peter Oppenbeuner, a 

MetaUgeselischaft Stock Off 

Bloomberg Businas News 

FRANKFURT — Shares in Meiallgeseiischaft AG fell 10 percent 
Monday, to 175.50 Deutsche marks i S 1 0239) a share as analysts said 
the shares should be avoided whatever emerges from a company 
press conference scheduled for Tuesday. 

In his first meeting with the press since becoming chief executive, 
Karl- Josef Neukirchen is expected to give more details of his plans to 
reorganize the embattled company. Last year, Meiallgeseiischaft had 
a loss of 1.87 billion DM before taxes; it faces a further U billion 
DM of losses on oil trades made by its U.S. unit. 

“Even after the new strategy is announced, there is not enough 
value to justify a recommendation," said Michael Geiger, analyst at 
NatWest Securities. “If they have to sell their subsidiaries at below 
book value, then that means further losses." 

U.S. markets were closed Mon 
day for a national holiday. 

dip of S200 billion a year. That 

more than outweigh any slackening 
in American appetites. 

With the equities markets in 
three European countries, includ- 
ing Germany, having posted gains 
in excess of 50 percent last year, 
some analysis are inclined to nirn 
off their calculators and simply at- 
tribute the recent falls to market 

America remains the only major 
economy in the world where inter- 
est rates are heading up, something 
which the analysts stress may pose 
problems across the Atlantic, but 
not in Europe. Mike Howell, direc- 
tor of strategy for Baring Securi- 
ties. has “sell" recommendations 
on U.S. stocks and bonds, but be 
continues to recommend buying in 

With analysts on Wall Street say- 

“But Europe and the United Bundesbank, which noted record 
States could not be further apart in inflows of foreign funds into the 

figure was echoed recently by the mg that the recent problems for 
Bundesbank, which noted record both bond and equity investors in 

the American market are short- 
terms of where they are in the eco- German bond market last year. Be- lived corrections, hope for a Euro- 
uranic cycle," argued Peter Sulli- tween July and November those peaa rally still lives — if Europe 
van, European strategisi for Merrill funds flowed at an annualized pace cannot get one of its own going in 
Lynch. In other words, there is hi- ofl30 billion Deutsche marks ($76 the interim, 
tie reason to think that interest billion). IWl™. i 

Lynch. In other words, there is tit- 
tle reason to think that interest 

sot strategist for James CapeL 
^ While that is the consensus view 
now, many analysts main tain that 
it is wrong. America, they stress, is 
now in its fourth year of economic 
reoovay. As of feb. 4, when the 
oas Federal Reserve pushed up short- 
term interest rates by a quarter of a 

»ics in Europe will do any hinj; ^ slrm?h of 

** buying alone, it u dear thulCier' 
fra the foreseeable future. man bond yields would not have 

if rirarlv £° licn down to the level they did," 
decoupLng. Bui what is dearly ^ Ui. Brown. He estimated that 
f a accomplished ^fact, economical- Q ermail yjgjds would have stopped 
ly speaking, has leftmost investors at 6 point, not the 5^ pS 
compteidy unmoved psychdogi- l(yd ^SlhMdr hit, hadUrnn 

“f think dial the markets are not American buy- 

as decoupled at this stage as many - 

analysts had assumed," said Bren- Just as talk of ever greater flows 

dan Brown, director of research at of funds from the United States 
Mitsubishi Finance Imernatiooal drove up foreign securities last 
What frightens many investors is year, talk of a U.S. retrenchment is 
the possibility that higher interest serving to drive than down this 
rates in the United States might year. That is in spite of the fact that 
tempt American investors to park most economists see falling interest 
their money at home. Recent U.S. rates in Europe driving marc and 
figures showed that in the third more domestic investors out of 
quarter of last year, investment cash and into bonds and stocks. It 
funds were flooding overseas at a is a flow that many insist should 

Zttridi 3S&45 mis —140 w. — 

379 J 5 moo -oas Federal Reserve pushed up sbort- 

NcwYort ciosm term interest rates by a quarter of a 

ujs. donors par ounce. tMutonomaua*. p oin t, [be long decline 

*«**> “■*«>“ 

. Source; ffwfcflk . M ti- 

the interim. 

■ Dollar Gains on Mark 
The dollar rallied against the 
Deutsche mark Monday as traders 
anticipated that Federal Reserve 
Board Chairman Alan Greenspan’s 
testimony to Congress, scheduled 
for Tuesday, would warn of an ac- 
celeration of inflation, Bloomberg 
Business New reported. 

As a result, traders bought dol- 
lars on the possibility that Mr. 
Greenspan would suggest another 
rise in U.S. rates soon. 

The dollar closed at 1.7270 DM 
in London, up from a dosing of 
1.7140 DM on Friday in New 
York. It also dosed at 104.50 yen, 
tittle changed from 104,625 yen. 

The dollar also was quoted at 
1.4550 Swiss francs, up from 
1.4449, and at 5.8715 French 
francs, compared with 5.8250. 


Page 12 



Two Fiat Unions 
Agree to Job Cuts 

MILAN — Two of the three ma- 
jor unions at Fiat SpA agreed Mon- 
day to a government plan calling 
for the cutting of 16,500 jobs to 
control costs in the face of dismal 
car sales in Europe. 

The plan for the Italian auto- 
maker, proposed Sunday by Labor 
Minister Gino Giugni, was rejected 
by Fiom, the metal workers’ union 
that is part of the Co mmunis t- 
dominated CGIL labor federation. 

Mr. Giugni said a separate accord 
may be reached if the metalworkers 
did not soften their stance, but he 
said state social support would not 
be available unless the pact gained 
unanimous union approval 

Talks with the metalworkers' 
union were to resume late Monday. 

The plan calls for 6,000 workers 
to take earty retirement, 4,100 to be 
laid off while they are retrained. 
8,600 to receive “solidarity con- 
tracts” involving less pay ana fewer 
hours as part of a job-sharing pro- 
gram. 23)0 to go on long-term but 
temporary layoffs and 100 to have 
their jobs eliminated. The plan in- 
volves 21,600 workers, 7,000 per- 
manent job cuts and 9,500 tempo- 
rary job cuts. 

Flat has about 285,000 employ- 
ees. about 125,000 or them m us 
core car operations. The company 
produced about 1.4 millinn cars in 
I taly last year but was making more 
than 2 milli on cars a year in Italy 
two years ago. The company also 
made roughly half a milli on cars in 
other countries, but those opera- 
tions are not affected by the plan to 
scale bade in Italy. 

Car sales last year fell about 20 
percent in Italy and about 15 per- 
cent throughout Europe, while Fi- 
at's share of both markets held 

battling since November over the 
company’s plan to cut employment 
at its core car operations. Mr. Giug- 
ni's plan marked the first time the 
two sides had sat at the same table 
since talks broke down Jan. 14. 

Industry analysts say a job-cut- 
ting deal is essential if Fiat, Italy's 
largest private company and its 
biggest nongovernment employer, 
is to recover. 

Under the proposed deal, the 
government would help pay for the 
permanent job cuts, Fiat officials 

Exact figures for the govern- 
ment’s financial commitment were 
not available. Rome also plans to 
step in with about 455 billion lire 
(S272 million) io finance research 
into cars powered by alternative 

( Bloomberg, AFX Reuters j 

Russia Halts Aluminum Cuts 

West Not Cooperating, Official Says 


„„„„ * • ■ .. , . . . “It’s a farced pause we are taking now," Mr. 

MOSCOW — Russia ls suspending further cuts Kakhenko said. V 
in aluminum, output because it is not sadsfiedthat H M ^ fact ^ ^ French aluminum 
Western thar a^£an- pechineySA 

^eer^r io scale back production, a top industry 0 f its output am tos “an exact exam- 

official said Monday. 

Russia already has cut its aluminum output by 
more than 100,000 metric tons as part Of the global 
deal to ease the pressure of huge stocks that were 
depressing prices. 

“We have already cut output by more than one- 
third of what we promised,” said Vladimir Kal- 
cbenko, first deputy general director of Alunriniy. 
a producers' group. “We will continue only after 
we see other world producers doing the same." 

The agreement to ait production scat the indus- 
trial metal to an 18-month high on the London 
Metal Exchange last week. Mr. Kaldienko’s com- 
ments ripped prices from those lofty levels Monday. 

Aluminum on the exchange fell to $1,309 a 
metric ton Monday, $10 lower than the 18-month 
high set Friday. 

riming of its Output I 
pie of what we are displeased with.’' 

Pechiney said on Feb. 10 it would lower produc- 
tion temporarily but bad not decided where the 
cots would be made or how big they would be. 

Russia’s cutbacks are considered essential to 
reduce the flood of metal coming onto a world 
market still suffering from the effects of recession. 

Russia has been a major contributor to the. 
oversupply. It sharply boosted exports when its 
domestic market collapsed along with the Soviet 

Russia agreed last month to cut output by 

500.000 metric ions in two stages this year — 

300.000 tons in February- April and the rest. in 
May- July — as part of an international deal to 
curb oversupply. 

Rhone-Poulenc Makes Bid for Cooper 

iat and its unions have been 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcher 
PARIS — Rh&ne- Poulenc SA 
made a public offer lo buy all the 
shares outstanding of Cooperation 
Pharma ceu Li qu e Franqaise. known 
as Cooper, a Rhdne-Poulenc 
spokesman said Monday. 

Rhdne-Poulenc offered 18 of its 
shares for one Cooper share, or a 
cash price of 2,400 francs (£410) a 
share, Rh&ne said. 

A successful bid should cost 
Rh&ne between 2.8 billion and 3.0 
billion francs, based on 1,440,000 
Cooper shares outstanding, the 
spokesman said. That also includes 
accounting for about 630 million 
francs of Cooper capital held by 
that company as treasury stock. 
The buyout would allow Rhdne- 

PouJenc to strengthen its ties with 

spokesman said. Cooper* was 
founded by pharmacists in 1907. 

Rh&ne has no holding in Cooper 
now. but it does have commercial 
links, the spokesman said. 

Rh&ne’ s Rarer unit manufac- 
tures a painkiller known as Doli- 
prane exclusively for Cooper. It is 
the biggest selling drug in France in 
number of pills sold and has annual 
sales of about 500 million francs, 
the spokesman said. 

Another Rh&ne unit, Institut 

Mfcrieux, supplies Cooper with the 
Vaxigrip flu vaccine. 

Analysts said Rhone-Poulenc’s 
bid was not pitched at too high an 
earnings multiple. They said early 
calculations showed Rh&ne was 
paying around 15 tunes earnings, 
which was not expensive for such a' 

Cooper had 1992 net income of 
1 95 million francs, operating profit 
of 103.3 million francs and turn- 
over of 2.49 billion francs, the 
Rh&ne spokesman said. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 

Budhff Quits Board 
Of Swiss Bank Group 

Bloomberg Businas News 

ZURICH — CS Holding, the 
Swiss banking group, said Hans- 
JOrg Rudloff bad stepped down 
from its board for personal rea- 

Until the end of last year, Mr. 
Rudloff was chairman and chief 
executive of Crfcdit Suisse First 
Boston, a CS uniL 

Separately, Electrowatt AG, a 
CS unit, said it would raise its divi- 
dend to 1 15 Swiss francs ($79) a 
share from 105 francs. 

Plan for 

AFT -Extol News 

' MADRID — The Bank of Spam 
saidit approved Banco Espadoi de 
Ciafito SA’s restructuziiig.fdan.. 

In a statement, the central bank 
said that under the restructuring ' 
plan, the Deposit Guarantee Fas! - 
would inject 285 billion .pesetas 1 
(52.04 bwwnXof which-50 percent 
wi&'be provided by the rank cf 
Spain and the rest by the bankmjg 
system, to shore up Banesto’snon- 
performmg loans and recapitalize 

tfaebaidt 1 -. 

. The Bank of Spain said it would 
provide an additional 30 bilKon pe- 
setas for “other frnwnrawl help.” 

* Under the plan, Banesto will be , 
charged with 320 hQlion pesetas of 
the 60S bfflioh pesetas restructur- 
ing costs, of which244 billionpese- 
tas will come from its reserves arid' 

48.8 billion from, the reduction in 
the nominal value of its shares to 
400 pesetas from 700. 

Banesto was taken ora: in De- 
cember by the Bank of Spain, the 

country’s central bank, whidr dted , ^ 

a financial crisis at the -bank and 
removed the bank's board. "W* 

■ Spain to Sett Endesa Stake 

Ten co SA, the state holding com- 
pany, said Monday that it would 
sell about 10 percent of Empresa 
National de Elec trici dad SA 

the first half .of this year, AFP- 
- Ext el News reported. 

Teneo said the price erf the offer- 
ing would be fixed according to the 
market value at its shares at the 
time of the salt 

O .• jS^r. T } 

Mil ^Mim&im. 

-• .... -v. jt - : <25?*- 

••*■: i ’ V~vr. . ‘ 1 

*&?■ •: jsjm ^ fc : m 

:• 7 - Vtf ** T ■ Jr* 

: : ;i ;; “ . . . : . v : : : . r : ' : :'.4: f ;g5,Xv 1 

• • ' ■*.%- *• • u'i£ 

■■' “Sf:;' 

■:v : ■; - - . - - - - ^ M 

. , . ‘ ■;*! ' ■; ‘w . ' • . . ■ .. 

Sourcos: Reuters, AFP 

» ; J* - [ ■ 

• Nocsk Hy dre AS > : Nocway , ^aigest indnstrial company, said itsoperai- 
ing iapDdn» had risen 37 poce&i to 4.04 motion kroner ($543 mfllion) m 

1993,boostedby fhesaleofaiualaimachocolatoinaker. 


. Neflknd Gro^NV^id^ planed taraise400 mfflidn guilders ($207 
nriiKnaj wi aoonvcrfibte btiu^up from apreviopriy planned300 mfltion. 

! Red Food Stores be, a US. 
^French retailer Hromodfes SA. 

iRaaeO. Knigfa-Riddcr, AFX AP, Bloomberg 


Aganc* Frona, Plena hb. 21 


HM Law Prav.CMM 






















































14 m 



Starllna par metric HM4ati of II tom 


S £ iais una kltl kt! ims teas 

EsL valuma: &HV. 


DoUm per metric tao-lett of Shns 
Mar 1J41 1,342 1243 1332 1230 U33 

May 1JM 1J49 1,250 1233 12*2 \M4 

Jal 1.241 U*2 12*3 U33 1331 1J32 

MB 1040 U41 1M 1233 1337 1J39 

NOV 12*1 1.344 U4l 1J33 1J30 1J33 

Jaa 1^40 L344 12*0 1J35 1J233 1235 

Mar IMt 12*0 N.T. N.T. 1J30 1J35 

Est volume: 3.152 

MWi Low dose Otto 
DoUan per matnc too-iats of 5B torn 
May 31220 3UL0O 311A0 312DD — 1.V0 

Am moo 3UL50 31UD0 311JM— 1O0 

Oct M.T. N.T. 293J0 29500 — 2BS 

Ok N.T. N-T. 291 JX) 29300 — 320 

Mar "N.T. N.T. 271.00 293JD0— 210 

May N.T. N.T. moo 297.00 — 1.30 

Ed. vahmte: 510. oaan bit.: 11A3&. 


HIM Low came Cboase 
■SOMM-Ptsaf HNpCt 




— X02 




— 082 




— 082 




— 083 




— 084 




— 084 




— 006 




— 088 




— 086 





jgl . 

Eat. vo luma: 20791. Open bit.: 43X632 
31 mlHlm - pts ol 1M Pd 





— OM 





— 086 










— OSH 





— 008 










— 081 

Est. volume; 097: Opal bit.: UZ34. 
DMi aunm ■ pH Cl HO PCt 










— 084 










— 005 





— OM 





— X12 





— X10 





— 0.12 


Law Close Change 

Mar 9406 9434 9431 —039 

Jon 9470 «4J7 9437 —005 

EsL volume: 7X636. Open ML: 979J97. 

MOM ■ m A J2mt» Of IN FCf 
Mar 115-15 11X00 114-11 -1-03 

Jun 114-17 113-11 113-10 — 1-07 

Est. volume: lltflX Open InL: I5X01X 
DM ISMM-Ptsaf KM pet 
Mar 77.99 7721 7723 —030 

Jon 9733 7724 — 033 

Eat. volume: 217,414. Open Int.: 230077. 


HMl Low Lost Settle Ofae 

IMLOellaraper metric t oe lota of IMIom 
MOT 13950 137.73 13025 13129 —023 

Air 13X75 137 JO 137 JO 137 JO — C 

137 JIO 137 JW 137.00 — L. . 

Jon 13925 13725 137.75 13725 —025 
Est. volume: no. . Open Int. no. 

U.5. MNn per barreHofa Ml Mi borrtb 
APT 1321 1325 1X16 1X16 +0JM 

May 13X5 132B 1321 1X31 -t-UB 

JUD 13J3 1X47 1X47 1347 + 0JBJ 

Jgl 1320 1X58 1X58 1X5B —040 

EsL volume: iul. Open Int. OOL 

Stock Indexes 

FT5E W» (UFFE) /' 

0 per taOex Paint ' 

Mar 33484) 3320L0 33320 — 362 

Jn 3377J) 33300 3345J —364) 

SOP N.T. N.T. 33440 —3641 

Est volume; 3X100. (Mai Int.: 7Z67X 

Sources: Rm/tors. Mein Associated Proa* 
London Inti Financial Futures Excttar&a, 
Infi Petroleum Exc/xmae. 



in the 


ABN Amro HM 

6920 69.90 

ACF Holding 

50 57 

1D2J0 10*10 



8140 8180 

44 4X60 


7440 75J8 


109 JO 11020 


182 13240 

20.90 2040 

5X60 5X10 


27X50 292 


231.90 23*20 


6280 6180 

Hunter Douglas 

91 0740 


4X40 4X90 

Inter Mueller 

88.70 8840 

Inn Nadertand 

8640 87.10 


5040 50l70 


4640 4640 


7440 78 

7X10 7620 



4640 4640 

7B 7840 


127 12X10 

AI M 0.50 


129 J0 13040 

9X30 9X70 

Royal Dutch 

L ii'lj M 



22740 22X50 

Van Omnww 

51 JO 4940 


U5JD 185 

Wolters/KUnver 11*70 115J0 : 

EOE lades 42X53 

| Figrtwu : wui 

j Brussels 


2638 26*5 

AG Fin 

2935 2950 

4120 4050 

2380 2305 


24650 23000 

Cocke rill 

178 179 


5730 5680 

1442 1440 


6500 6540 


1530 1535 


4340 *360 

9550 9*00 


7600 7600 

10375 10500 

3395 3365 

Raval Sartor 

5800 5950 

8560 8610 

SocGon Batafesue 27B5 2005 

Soil no 

14050 14950 


14950 15025 


11025 11298 


2050 24525 

s sn s ?%a , * :7m ” 



161 JO 16080 

Allianz Hold 

2*27 2680 




29*40 279 JO 


462 466 

Bay Venrtnsfcfc 



656 656 

BHF Bonk 




35X50 399 J6 



Dahn tor Benz 



Dag Lima 477484J0 

□l Babcock msaisiM 

Deutsche Bank 82203550 

nnuolfH 111 SI 

Dreadner Bank 422 420 

Fekhnueble 334 334 

F Krupp Hoesdl 189 JO 191 
1170 1173 
300 306 

TBS 99B 
232 232 
540 544 

477 JO 483 

13650 135 

KloackJner Werke 12B 129 

Linde 882 884 

Lutthaisa 1B1JO 185 

MAN 42SJD 424 

Mameumn 427J0436J0 

Metallutsell 175L50 196 

Muendi Rueck 3230 3270 
Poractie 847 JO 870 

Prausaag 478JD483JB 

PWA 228 235 

RWE 461 470 

RheMmetall 329 326 

Schama 1084 1087 

SEL 370 385 

Siemens 6S9.10677J0 

Thyssan 258267.70 

Varto 356 355 

Vetoa 492J0 495 

VEW 35820 354 

Vtao 488J0 49450 

Val fa wopen 446 451 

welia 007 820 

DAX index : 2)1 


Amar-Ylityinu 151 150 

Enso-Gutzelt 4X10 44 

Huhtamaki 219 225 

K.O.P. 1420 ICflJ 

Kymmnw 125 127 

MetiU 235 230 

Nokia 320 324 

PoWola 96 96 

Repota 114 117 

Stockmann 305 303 

HEX India 1109463 
Pnotana : ltaun 

Hong Kong 

BkEoat Aaio 
Cathay Pacific 
Cheung Kong 
China Light Pwr 
Dairy Farm Inri 
Hang Lung Dev 
Hong Sene Bank 
ilenderaon Land 
HK Air Eng; 

HK China Oas 
HK Electric 
HK Realty Trust 
HSBC Hold) nos 
HK stiane Ht is 
HK Telecomm 
HK Ferry 

Hutch Whampoa 

Hvscn Dev 
JanDneStr Hid 

Kmkxxi Molar 

Mandarin Orient 

37.75 4X75 
1X60 1X40 
4X25 44 

42 44J5 
1X10 1X90 
1440 16J0 
7X50 73 

4550 4773 
44 4525 
20 2X40 
2640 2740 
25.10 21 

2410 25 

116 110 
1230 1X80 
14J0 US0 
1180 1250 
3475 3575 
2610 27 JO 
72 74 

32JQ 3275 
1670 16J0 
1140 11 JOT 



Miramar Hotel 

2440 »» 

Hew World Dev 

32 3X50 

SHK Props 






Sartre PaCA 







3075 31 JO 

Wing On Inti 



Wlraor Ind. 

13 1XTO 




1980 19.25 




Anglo Amor 











105 10780 









26JS 27 JS 

HlohvHd Steel 




4250 4X50 







79 JD 

SA Brews 



SI Helena 







4280 4380 

Western Dead 



1 ■ London * 

Abbey NaTI 

5.13 ~ 



Arlo Wtagtas 












Bank Scotland 











IA 2 



BOC Group 



■ f’B 



f f'l 


Brtt Airways 



Brit Gas 



Brit Steel 






Cable Wire 



Cadtury Sdi 






Coats Vlyella 


Cniran Union 



ECC Gr »p 


EnternrUe Oil 
















Grand MM 




















Land Sec 

Legal Gen Grp 
Licnrds Bank 
Marks Sp 
NtttWst Water 

Rank Ora 


Reed inti 
RMC Group 
Rolls Ravce 
R u tt ui m (unit! 
Royal Scot 

Scat Niwcm 
Scot Power 


Smith Neptiew 
Smith Kl me B 
Smith (WH} 
Sun AlWmee 
Tote, a. Lyle 
Thom EMI 
T5B Group 
UM BIscuHs 
WOr Loan 315 
wm thread 
WllUams Hdga 
WHILi Corroon 



Flat SPA 














San Paolo Torino 






Torn Asst Rhp 


Om Prgv. 
I960 17751 
820 848 

4965 4950 
1825 W25 
41470 41470 
19150 17Q50 
12700 13000 
5530 5355 
39800 37400 
16035 16279 
1158 T167 
2342 2415 
4550 4500 
27750 27800 
is®® ions 
. 3360 3370 
IllllQ 10900 
4351 43SQI 
3801 3837 
1945 1966] 
4768 4777 
29850 29900 


Alcan Afcimlnuin N.Q. — 
Bank AAgnt r eo t 
Bell Canada 
Combi or 
Dominion Taort A 
Donohue A 
MacMillan Bl 
Natl Bk Canada 
Power Corn. 

Quebec Tel 
-Quebecor A 
Quebecor B 
T el en lobe 



44 47Th 
19fc 197b 
2BA 20Vb 
7M -Pk 
7% m 
2695 2456 
227k 23 

1079 1076 
2076 21 U> 
2176 2176 
1916 T9Vk 
19 1916 
2076 2076 
696 CM 
2976 2976 


BBV 3325 3405 

Bco central Hlan. 2925 2760 
Banco Santcndar 7030 7180 



3055 3135 
2380 2460 
7330 74M 
Ercros 154 161 

Iberdrola l TOW 1120 

Rep*H 4560 4673 

& ■ as fa 

issssrm*--™ 7 


Banco Comm 6221 6138 

Bastoal 88 ’ 58' 

Benetton group 27190 27000 

CIR 2713 7230 

end Itel 2670 2866 

Entchem 2465 200 


COT 709 726 

■ Uaufcte 830 B44 

Akntet AtUhom 714 729 

AXO — , 1458 1489 

Boncoire (da) 631 646 

BIC 1330 1285 

BNP 271 277.90 

BOUVOUM 712 725 

BSN-GO 95® ’ Wl 

Correfour 4028 4060 

C.CF. 777 JO 285 

cam i4a*n4iJB 


Club Med 346 355 

EH-Aauttalne 41541X80 

EH-Sanon 1067 1067 

EuraDbrmr 3X45 3660 

Gen. Eaux 24*5 2765 

Havaa . 44XM4SXI® 

ImeNd _ 646 653 

.LotaeGoppee 456JW 46X20 

Legrund 5460 5740 

Lyon. Eaux 569 572 

oreal (L'l 1256 1270 

i_vmA am am 

Motra-Hochette 16X6017X90 

MtcheUnB 25X8025X80 

Moulinex j3 122 

PorttXft SIB 531 

" Mnevintt 2B3J0207JO 

Pernod- Rlcord 408 407 JO 

“ neat 833 837 

Printemm (Au) 796 

... 775 

SM 99 
Rt>-PaulancA 14050 14X60 
Raft 9L Lads 1630.1658 
Redout* (La) 080* 95* 

SatntGobaln 674 6» 

^ » 
Sues . 345.10 38X30 

Thomson-CSF T90187J0 
Total ■ 327 JO -331 

ujlp. TMJoaduo 

Valeo 1480 1476 


Sao Paulo 

Boko do Brasil 1X10 
Btmeapa 7 JO 

BradeecD 103® 

Brahma 146in 

Paranapanema 1400 
Pot r ota m . 1O0.W 

TMebnis . SSa 

Vale RIaDoce . 6160 
Vartg - 10000 











COrebas 7J5 760 

Otv Dev. 4J5 660 

DBS: 12 TUO 

Fraser Neave i860 BL50 
Genttng 1760 17 JO 

Golden Hope PI 265 X73 
Haw Par ■ X38 UB 

Hume Industrie* 468 4JO 
inchcve 560 425 

Kami ■ 1TJ0 1060. 

KLKspeno XM UM 
Lum Chang 167 169 

Makarm Banko 660 MS 
OCBC- 13JO 1X60 


OUE 7 M 733 

Smmbawav 1190 1X60 
Shanarlta ■ SJF SM 

State Darby . X72 361 

SIA- 765 760 

5-par* Land 665 6J0 

S*pore Press 15 U£Q 

Skm SteaaiaMp 360 366 
spore Telecomm 362' 362 
Straits Tradtao X82 364 
UOB 10AB 1M 

UOL 2JB 226 


Pivimji : vjjm/ 


460 .453 
563 569 

« 445 
376 5»f 

366 366 
122 -.127 

NJL 776 

Itweator'E ' . -202 20X 

W u r ak Hydro .. 254 

„ AF • . 145 , M2. 

Somtvik B m m 

SCAnA - . 146 144 

&E Bordom NA. 49.60 

skondtaF 182 184 

Skorako. Ill 220 

SKF .149 

Stare- r'.*' -.'•.-‘-459 s „ 

TietleboraEF mjo 17 jo 




JJT >49 
1764. 16-11 

BeUHtavMe LW l » 
Colei Mver. . 5 X04 

Ctunolco. SM 564 > 

»■.* r- USJm 

to Brew UB U0 

Goodman FM(I-. V IJB'TJJ- 
IO Australia ' 1X26 1050- 

NatAuatBaak . 1164 1Z62 
News COnn. ^..v40JK10H> 
Nine Network " 564 SSI 
N Brakennm -x» xaG, 
Pioneer Wl I ; ^ ‘* 

Nmndy Poeetdan 125 Z2DT 


.TllT . 135 261 

western MIiAro- -W .TAM 
wealuuc B on kl n a /4J2 SJS] 

wuoitaie . * us :144 m 

■pa. 'iirare 






inn -A 




Nurunda toe 
Neranda Forest - 



‘ Carp 

' 34 34M 

a a 

-144k 164k. 

24 Vz 2514 
U 124k, 
Mk 15 
GHi - 40' 
,94k 74k • 

smk 214*1 
-329* 32Hi ■ 


Tbvotnt "JB 
lYtan aMd Sec 

tsec . «M -TB 

■ " . .A 


o ^y>‘i UfceVf -w. - 

144k 141k 
Ilk «t‘ 
374 * ;anfi> 

Atad ElOCir -. . 425 423 
AaotilQiemkai' 7*97- ■ coy 
AaahlOlam , ,111ft im 

Bank of Tokyo . 1540 
B rW pM *aoe mgo WO-l 

Canon ' 1600 1500 ( 

Onto • , - , ■ nu, Gm i 

DalNbtpai frrttttira :i8»?» 
Datwa Houae.’ ,163ft MOO 
Dahta Secortfle* 1650 T44T 
FonUCi ' - ; 4349.'4MOT 

. ? >.SS ,; Sw® 


I toYufc OCk. SSJ 

Model 67S 6TO 


KHtn Brewery 
JSomotao . 

■ ^l- ■ 



wfHfr*' . 

* Mk 4ta 

= Mlfte d^ Bi M y , 


Tedrg - 
TiMiw i m a r 
'• T o rama Poom 
OMtura ■■ • 
..Ttanotewn ... 

1 TYxDsOfa Pipe * 
TrflenRnlA ' 

KC-046 i 

ch V ;-i' •. 

jJbd^o/lia - 24 S 2ST 
- IB m 

CSHoMinaaB . - 491 -704 
EbUM.- 68H 3)08 
12SJ 12*5' 

967' 77* 

mb? tint 

NGK InautaMra 1B50 ini 

Nlkko Seatrtfes _ 1240 ' 1240 


vita 1?S 1140 

1330 -TOO 
■ 153 TSSJU 
1600 UK 
149 149 

• 919 929- 

1940 Iff* 
AM ' 5BT 
647 66 5 

rniri _. . “-iS- 

»HSttS«re- . .'l£S i SB 



Tender for the Execution of the Infrastructure Works in the Beirut Central District 

The Government of Lebanon, represented by the Council for Development and Reconstruction fC.D.R.). invites suitably qualified 
Lebanese infrastructure and civil engineering Contractors to tender for the Reconstruction of the Infrastructure Works In Beirut 
Central District (BCD). 

- Works will include the following main elements: 

- A Ring Road around the BCD area with an approximate length of 3.6 km and of various widths, including interchanges, bridges, 
underpasses and tunnels. 

- Primary roads in the BCD area with an approximate length of 8.4 km and width varying between IS m and 40 m. 

- Secondary roads in the BCD area with an approximate length of 10 J km and width varying between 7 m and 27 m. 

- Tertiary roads in the BCD area with an approximate length of 6.2 km and width varying between 8 m and 10 ra. 

- Road furniture such as sidewalks, kerbs, traffic lights, etc. 

- General public lighting for streets, interchanges, bridges, underpasses and tunnels. 

- Sewerage network, including around 28 km of sewer pipes with service connections, manholes, and a sewage pumping station. 

- Stormwater drainage network including around 26 km of stormwater pipes and culverts with gullies, manholes and outfalls. 

- Landscaping and irrigation network for roads including around 38 km of irrigation mains manifolds and laterals, wells, a ground 
reservoir and a pumping station. 

- Water supply network including around 30 km of water mains with fittings, valves, fire hydrants and control devices. 

- Electric power distribution works including cable support system within culverts, as well as duct banks and manholes for the 
20kV cables. 

- Tunnel lighting system complete including lighting fixtures, transformer sub-stations, stand-by generators. CCTV, etc. 

- Civil works including primary’ and secondary ducts, manholes and handholes for Telecommunications Network (Outside Plant). 

Are invited to lender, Lebanese Contractors working in Lebanon or outside Lebanon who have executed in the last twenty years 
similar works for government agencies or public or private organizations for a total amount of one hundred and fifty (150) Million 
U.S. Dollars at dollar actual rates at the limes of execution, of which at least one similar project has amounted to fifty (SO) Million 
U.S. DoUan;. 

Lebanese Contractors who do not meet the requirements stipulated above and who wish to participate in this tender must establish 
a joint venture with an International Contractor who must meet the conditions stated above provided that the Lebanese Contractor 
has executed similar work during the last 20 years amounting to 30 Million U.S. Dollars, one project of which amounted to 10 
Million U.S. Dollars. 

Tenders must be submitted inside two separate sealed envelopes. 

The first envelope shall contain the completed qualification documents contained in the Tender Documents for this purpose and 
any other supporting documents proving the technical and financial ability and experience of the Contractor. The second envelope 
shall contain the commercial proposal. 

The Tender Committee shall first open the first envelope and establish the ability and experience of the Contractors. The 
Committee shall retain only those Contractors who qualify to execute the Project and shall return the Tender Documents to those 
Contractors who do not qualify. 

The Tender Committee shall then open the second envelope of only those Contractors who have qualified publicly at a date and 
time to be announced in due lime. 

Contractors who wish to participate in this Tender are invited to collect the relevant Tender Documents against a sum of U.S. 
Dollars Ten Thousand ($ 1 0,000) at the offices of C.D.R. as of Monday February 28. 1994 aL the following address: 

The CouncD For Development and Reconstruction 
Tallet Al-Saray, Beirut Lebanon 

Tenders are to be submitted at the above address not later than 12:00 hours noon Beirut local time at the offices of C.D.R. on 
Friday May 13. 1994. 


• - '-‘-S' : : .1 



Preqnalification of Gonsortia< 
for the Ffuance,^ Design, Build* Operates^ 
of a Conference Center and Luxury Hotel Complex in Bdrnt 

i— v - W.>v . .{Jw" 

The Lebanese Government wishes to build a center for conventions, 
conferences, as part of its plan to reinforce the role of Beirut as a center; 

The Government of Lebanon, represented by the 
applications from suitably qualified Lebanese, Arab or Tritenratin mil , instituti ons 


tias.vhal project to- 

facilities on plot No. 70S in Ain AI Mraissi, Beirut. 

Those wishing to prequalify should form consortia : which 
international qualified consulting firm with a wide experience in desi 
collaborates with a Lebanese consulting office. : i - 

The project will be erected on land -owned by' -the kibaxKse^ilgd W tt iB^ 
functions of the project will occupy a built up area of 260^XK^||pf^^ ... . 

- Conference halls, lecture halls and 'theatiw^"' . ' ' ; 

-MW* ■■’ 

-Commercial centers 

- Cultural and entertainment centers " *'*** 

- Car parks as needed 

r \tw - 


Totai built up area excluding car parks ;: ; 

- in£h" ■ ■ ' "i' 

r*?, ^ ' p 1 jf * ,< * ,, '*i*( *• t ^ ^ j /* 

refm< ' 

The project is to be designed and executed in accordance wi 
The successful consortium will have to operate the project for a period 
to the State of Lebanon. 

Prequalification must he in accordance with the jircqualiflcation document amiable ar C j 
5,000 (five thousand American dollars) in the form nfa b^^’s certified«<*eqttoTn'ftre’^&^^ ftj. . 

Development and Reconstruction. ..... ' : ' "" 

Those wishing to the cumpctiihm are invyied tn. receive the pwv praB^g^^ ,, ,' ■ 

February 28, 1994 and return them with all supporting material before twelve O'clock noo^i'^wik fcKLat 
Thursday April 2*. 1994 at thfrolk^ .1.1,1ms: ' 7 

Council for Development and Reconstroctibif^^f 
. TaUet Al-Sarny .* 1 m r*y 
Beirut I^clmnnn — 1'.'.,^ '. 

,-r<. • - -•-> ^ -y,-* 

>'■ -rf.f ; r-i" . 

** - 


Page 13 


•2 S?w a <s!^ Stodfe nauiet Monday, with 

S ***** tatejlpfag 

.' TT » IttMwaalkmtl mdtt&b gaining' 
<47 percent m a_hecto bnying spree, before Stt 

gpl neirt Monday. .-•■■;■■■ 

"Expectations for the bodge are oriremefr hitit" 
said Anoqp Shah, a deakrwith the brokerage 
das K^U^*Tlan!prs i totlmcoipoitotaxeswillbe 

folio investments touching SL28 bQbon, according to 
the chairman erf the Securities and Exchange Cornmis- 
sk» Board of India. 

“Global investor have shown growing confidence 
; in the. Indian market,” India's president, Shpnkar 
Dayal Sharma, told Butiam ent as il began a three- 
month session. 

Mr. Sharma attributed the foreign interest to the 
government's 3 1 -month-old economic reform pack- 
age, which has been denounced by leftists as bong 
dictated . by tbe World Bank and the inte rnational 
Monetary Fund. 

Mr. Sharma said direct foreign investment is India 

Bulls Keep Bets on Tokyo 

Shares Hold Promise Despite Trade Flap 

cut, tax him (5 onindividtiM WomeSTvill be raised mi ^ cfwasn start of the reforms and the end of 1993 
the rupee win be made fully convertible on current amointed to 130 bBHon rupees ($6 billion), 
account" - . ' Most was in priority sectors such as power, oil 

TTieniariteiWaJreadyate^ food procetog, chamois and dSotrom^ 

in gasoEne and food prices, so maity totystTsaid 7 percent was m the consumer goods 

^as n^g Irft to deliver bat good news roil* that wffl be unveiled next w«k 


ottoe gross domestic product, against* target of 47 dnmof mutewtandiro with 

maricet group that win introduce Indian stocks to U.S. 

- Tbe buying on Monday was mainly by Indian investors. 

mutual funds and financial institutions and local spec- So far; Indian rr »m p»nipg* overseas issues raainiv 
olators, brokers said. But overseas investors have have been listed on the Luxembourg exchange: 
shown increasing interest m Indian stocks, with port- fiRarfers, Bloomberg Knighi-Ridder) 

JKiunany econonnsts.and anatystyhave cattfi^^ : -Overa 
/expecting major tax cols because the fiscal . cultivate 
defet m the year to March 31 corid rise to 6 percent = to. The 
oftoe gross domestic product, against a target of 47 dmnofi 

.. maitottg 

- Tbe baying on Monday was mainly by Indian investor; 
mutual funds and financial institatioosand local spec- So far 

olators, brokers said. But overseas investors fiave have bee 
shown inareasmg interest in Indian stocks, with port- 

China Aide 
To Talk to 

Bloomberg Business Neva 

TOKYO — Zhu Rongi, 
China’s deputy prime minister » 
and top ccooonuc plannee, will 
meet with corporate leaders on . 
a visit to Japan that begins . 
Wednesday, a rftmera . rtffiraal 
said in Tokyo on Monday. ' 

On Friday, Mr. Zhn will 
have breakfast with the presi- 
dent of Mitsubishi Corp., 
Mino ru Matcihar a, and Other 

Mitsubishi executives at' the 
New Otani Hotel Yuan Ying. 
Hua of ihe Chinese Embassy’s 
economic section in Tokyo 

He added that Mr. Zhu 
would also meet with Sumi- 
tomo executives Thinsday and 
visit the Miaistiy of Interna- 
tional Trade and Industry, (he 
Ministry erf Finance and the 
Foreign Ministry. .... 

Mr. Zhu has been working 
to implement demerits of Jap- 
. anese corporate strategy mid 
Japanese industrial policy in 

“Zhu thinks , that China 
needs big trading companies 
and powerful economic 
groups like MitsubishL.lhis is 

a major purpose of his trip to 
Japan," said Yasuteru Hirai, development manag- 
er at the Bdgng office of Jifit- . 
subishi Coip. 

Mr. Yuan of tl» jChmese 
Embassy said that Begtng had 
chosen Mitsnbisbi and Samk 
tamo to meet with Me. Zhu 
because they were ■ “old • 
friends'* of China. The two 
companies have had offices in 
China since 1979. . 

China Plans to Unionize 


Smters. , ... Jaw pay 

BEU1NG.— -The government’s condition; 
union federation has vowed to or- Last ye 
ganrie workers at foreign-financcd least 27 ol 
companies to cope with a growing ware fact 
number of safety violations, the _ Shenzhen 
China Dafly said Monday.. lost their J 

. The goal of the All-China Feder- ery.some 
ation a Trade limans is to have Local a 

Jow pay and poor worker safety 
conditions." . 

Last year, the newspaper said, at 
least 27 of ^ en^qyees in a haixl- 
ware factory in China's showcase 
Shenzhen Special Economic Zone 
lost their fingers in unsafe machin- 
ery, seme on thdr first day of woik. 

Local authorities in Guangdong, 

By James Stemgoid 

Mw Yeti Tima Senicc 

TOKYO — If the collision be- 
tween Japan and the United 
States over trade wiped out a 
bystander last week, it was the 
Japanese stock market. Tbe 
trans-Pacific war of nerves put 
what had been one of tbe hottest 
markets in the world in recent 
weeks on the skids. 

With the yea soaring in value, 
the outlook for corporate profits 
looking grimmer and fear of 
American trade sanctions 
spreading, the 225-stock Nikkei 
index lost a little more than 5 
percent of its value, dosing Fri- 
day at 111959.60. It recouped 
some of the lost ground on Mon- 
day. rebounding 23 percent to 

So, is Tokyo's great bull run of 
1994 over already? 

The surprising answer from a 
number oT analysts is: Don't bet 
on it Some investors have beat 
discouraged, of course, but many 
people say the news from Japan 
is likely to get better, not worse. 

“I haven’t changed my view ,* 1 
Jeff Bahrenburg. senior strate- 
gist with MemU Lynch Japan, 
said. “We still have a slight over- 
weighting on Japan." 

Geoffrey Barker, chief of re- 
search at Baring Securities in To- 
kyo, added: “we haven’t broken 
out of the uptrend in tbe market 
that we've seen since December. 

We had a correction, that's for 
sure, but we’re still in the range.” 

The market has dropped 5 per- 
cent since hitting its recent peak 
si the be ginnin g or the mouth. 
But it has sull gained more than 
15 percent in the past two 

In addition, foreign investors 
remain strong buyers, analysts 

Foreigners made net pur- 
chases of a little more than 1 
trillion yen {S9.6 billion) of Japa- 
nese shares Last year, according 
to the Tokyo Stock Exchange. 
Then in January, foreigners 
snapped up an additional S9 bil- 
lion, the second highest monthly 
total on record. 

No one denies that there are 
serious problems in Japan. The 
economy is in a two-year-old re- 
cession. and the government has 
offered fairly tepid measures to 
get it out of Its rut. Corporations 
still have to do some deep cosi- 
cutting to regain profitability. 

Now there is the trade mess. 
The U.S. government has threat- 
ened to slap sanctions on Japan 
because or a dispute over the 
cellular telephone market. Japan 
has suggested it might retaliate if 
Washington acts. And mean- 
while the yen has shot up. 
squeezing exporters and their al- 
ready strained bottom lines. 

The real fear is that a pro- 
longed rise in the yen could 

counter the S140 billion aovem- 
tnent program to breath new life 
into the economy. 

“If the yen stays where it’s at, 
it wipes out any positive impact 
of the stimulus package.” said 
Mineko Sasaki-Smith. an econo- 
mist with Morgan Stanley Japan. 

But barring the emergence of 
even worse problems, many ana- 
lysts say Japan u near ah eco- 
nomic turn and that the stock 
market is anticipating the im- 

For instance. Ms. Sasaki- 
Smith said she was expecting a 
quick reduction in the Bank of 
Japan's discount rate. 

Mr. Barker said. “This market 
wants to go up. and it will if there 
are more signs of a compromise 
on trade.” 

Mr. Bahrenburg may be one of 
the more optimistic. He said one 
cause for hope was that corpo- 
rate balance sheets have become 
so bad that only a small pickup 
in business could have a pro- 
nounced effect. 

He said be has calculated that 
a 2 percent increase in sales and a 
reduction in fixed costs of just 
05 percent would lift pretax 
profit about 45 percent for most 

“That's a very big jump." be 
said. “77 k reason is that the bot- 
tom line is now so depressed. 
That's why I say that the long- 
term story is vety positive.** 

Japanese Firms to Detail Payout Policies 

unions in more than half the for- which suffered several horrific fires 
ago-invested enterprises by the at labor-intensive factories last 

end of this year, the paper said. year, will aJso lrit companies hard 
Officials estimate that only m their pocketbooks if they ignore 
about one-quarter have . un ipng roles, it reported, 

now. • It quoted anion officials as say- 

“Over the past few years, the ing that the purpose of or ganiz i n g 
foreign investment boom has given workers was to solve problems, not 
rise to more labor disputes in for- start st rikes , 
eign-fonded firms,” the China Dai- “We do not advocate strikes, 

tysaid . smeetbeyhmiboth the fact ary and 

“Disputes usually center on am- workers;" Turn Yukon, a union of- 
bigubns contracts; working hours, firial said. 

Bloomberg Business News 

TOKYO — In a move aimed at mcreasng (he 
transparency of earnings statements, the Tokyo 
Stock Exchange said Monday it would require all 
listed companies to dearly report their dividend 
policies, b eginnin g with their results for financial 
years ending in 1994. 

The new ruling would require that the compa- 
nies provide an explanation in evoy earnings 
statement of their basic dividend policy. 

The companies have also been asked to give an 
explanation of the reasoning behind the decision 

to award a dividend of a given size in any spedfic 

The exchange attempted to impose a similar 
requirement last year but only suggested that listed 
companies offer such explanations. 

Few companies complied, the officials said. 

Be ginning in April 1994. all listed companies 
must provide a detailed explanation of their divi- 
dend policy on each earnings report, exchange 
officials said. 

Currently, 1,670 companies are listed on the 
Tokyo Stock Exchange. Of those, 1334 are listed 
on the first section of the exchange. 

Jardine Fleming Fund Registers Quantum Leap 

' Bh otn berg flatheg News 

'. h 6 nG KONG — Xardine Fleming Unit 
Trusts said phenomenal demand for its lands in 
the last year meant it had jumped into the big 
time, muting it one of tbe largest international 
mutual funds outside North America. 

“We havedearcty become one erf the biggest 
: international mot trust houses outside of North 
America and potentially the biggest.” said Blair 
ftdratfl, general manager -of- the company, 
wbkh is part of the Janfine Fleming investment 
banking and financial services gnnro. Unit 
trusts are theeqnivBkaiL af matnal funds in tbe 
Umted Sjates. ■ "• 

Tbe vaine of the group’s funds bas soared to 
around $45 biffiou from SI 3 billion a year ago. 

“Out five^ear.goal was J5 billion in five 
veto and we almost have it • in one,” Mr. 
Pkfcexeil said. “We always assumed we were 
Bttle old JF Unit Trusts add never dreamed we 

were probably bigger than most of the guys in 
Europe," he said. 

Such dramatic growth does not come without 
its headaches. In the middle of last month, the 
fund dosed its doors to new clients Tor three 
months because its staff bad been swamped by 
the demand. 

Even that did not prevent it from having a 
record week for net sales in the lust week of 
February, as clients poured money into tbe 
group’s mutual funds at an even faster pace 
than before. 

But Mr. Pickerdl is concerned about the herd 
mentality of some investors who have been 
buying funds after the markets have soared. 

fi If you had launched new funds last Novem- 
ber or December, you could have probably 
raised $500 mflHon even if you had said it was a 
Martian fund,” be said. “If we had been gree- 
dy,we could have launched a lot of new funds.” 

He said he was worried that if markets sud- 

Quantum Leap 

SINGAPORE — Singapore's 
denly slid or if mutual-fund companies provid- economy, which grew 9.9 percent 
ed poor service because they could not cope last year, is expected to slow this 
with demand, then new investors would be year while inflation rises because of 
bitter and would be put off unit trusts for good a new consumption tax, the Minis- 

~ M y main «. * « MU. of 

Unit Trusty, but for most of them it was there j 

first experience with any unit trust, and I want 

that to be a good experience," be said. , llNmm Onnrc I 

This was the main reason Jardine Fleming j IJiNiitu 

shut its doors to new customers. | AEROSPACE I 

Fraud Claims 

■ Hong Kong Stock Prices Drop 
Prices on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange 
phmged Monday in light trading, The Associat- 
ed Press reported. The Hang Seng fndex. the 
market’s key indicator of blue-chip stocks, fell 
36850 points, or 3.4 percent, dosing at 
10,456.40. On Friday, the index had gained 39 


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Hang Seng 

\m- 7 - ■ - ■ tir 

I9S0D —~fft 

m — irr — “ 

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70,50 s’ O N dJT 
1083 ' 1»4 • 

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All Orebneries^ 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 






New Zealand 



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Cwrex>3l te ijiosi 

Stock Index 543.76 

NZSE-4Q • 2^41.40 

Nafcnal Index 1^933% 

1094 • :.1993 ' 1884. 

Monday Print. . % • 

Close • Close Change 

10,456.40 10^25-60 

235087 ... 2,33457 +0.71' 

2,17330 .g.223.20 -2-01 

18^9334 18.959.60 +2^29 

1,08091 1,088.73 ^002 

1,44091 1,456,08 -0.63" 

S4&00 9^93 +140 

5,78369 5,613.82 -OfiT 

3.005.60 3.04537 ■ -131 

'543.78 554.70 ' -1.99 

2^4 1JD 2J284J7 -1B7 

1593.W 1^56.69 +5i)0 

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Page 14 




McDowell: A $5i3 IMllllOU looser Stewart and Stottlemyre 

ConpiW ty Our Staff From Dupmdia 

SARASOTA, Florida — Jack 
McDowell has been a 20-game win- 
ner for the Chicago White Sox the 
past two seasons, but for the sec- 
ond time in the past three off-sea- 
sons, he has become a loser — to 

Anthony Sinicropi, an arbitra- 
tor, awarded McDowell a $5.3 mil- 
lion salary Sunday instead of the $6 
million be had sought in a bearing 
on Friday. 

The Cy Young Award winner 
nevertheless emerged with the 
highest salary ever awarded in the 
19-year history of salary arbitra- 
tion, eclipsing the S3 million that 
Ruben Sierra was awarded in 1992. 

McDowell won his arbitration 

case last year, gaining a 54 million 
salary, after having lost in 1992 and 
settling for Sl.6 million. 

“He's certainly disappointed,” 
Jim McDowell the pitcher's broth- 
er and agent, said of Sunday^ 
award, added that “S5.3 million is 
still a lot of money, no doubt-” 
“We felt given the structure in 
baseball right now,” he continued, 
“that Jack's accomplishments and 
numbers and consistency certainly 
justified the number.” 

Had McDowell 28, won his 
hearing, he would have received the 
highest one-year contract in base- 
ball history and the top one-year 
salary for a pitcher. 

“Obviously, we think the num- 
ber we came up with was very fair,” 

said the White Sox's general man- 
ager, Ron Schuder. “1 don’t think 
we presented a case that he was 
anything but the best But the sala- 
ry he requested was loo high.” 

Jim McDowell said the ruling 
would not affect the way his broth- 
er pitched, but might alter the way 
he viewed the future. 

“He’s dearly well paid,” be said. 
“But he'll look around the dub- 
house again and see virtually every 
other starting player with a guaran- 
teed multiyear contract (hat wOl 
keep them with die dub. There's 
not a whole lot more that be can do. 
You can’t be belter than Cy Young 
and winning 20 games two years in 
a row." 

McDowell 22-10 with a 337 

Chaney Returns, and Temple 
Rallies Past No. 5 Louisville 

By Barry Jacobs 

iVrw York Times Service 

The booming voice, the sarcastic 
remarks directed toward his play- 
ers. the expansive expressions of 
chagrin at unforced errors were all 
very much in evidence. 

So. too. were the toughness and 
resilience characteristic of John 
Chaney's Temple squads, as the 


Owls held fifth-ranked Louisville to 
two baskets in the final 12 minutes. 
IS seconds on Sunday and rallied to 
a 68-53 victory in the Diet 7-Up 
Shootout in Orlanda. Florida. 

Chaney, the Temple coach for 12 
years, was back on the bench after 
a one-game suspension that fol- 
lowed his outburst at the Massa- 
chusetts coach, John Calipari, after 
a road loss a week ago. Chaney had 
told Calipari “I'll kill you” as the 
two were separated. 

“It's a good feeling to get back 
into something," said Chaney. “You 
ask yoursdf what else could you do 
in this business after you've been in 
it for so long. And the answer to that 
is, there's nothing I could do. Really, 
I don’t know what else i could do. I 

probably could go back to waiting 
tables as I once did." 

The victory by Temple, I3th in 
The Associated Press rankings, im- 
proved its record to 19-4. 

Louisville Fell to 20-4. After 
shooting 56 percent in the first half, 
Louisville hit 183 percent in the 
second half and finished with its 
lowest field goal accuracy of the 
year, 343 percent 

Chaney was upbeat and typically 
salty in his r emar ks after game At 
one point recalling a Temple play- 
er's mistake, be said, “1 felt at home 
again because I wanted to kill him.” 

Temple’s Aaron McKie led both 
teams with 19 points. 

In other games. The Associated 
Press reported: 

No. 12 Missouri 81, No. 4 Kan- 
sas 74: Melvin Booker scored a 
career-high 32 points, including 10 
straight in one stretch of the second 
half, and the visiting Tigers 
clinched at least a tie for the regu- 
lar-season Big Eight title. The Ti- 
gers (20-2, 1 1-0 Big Eight) earned a 
season sweep of the Jayhawks (21- 
5. 6-4). who lost consecutive games 
for the first time in five years. 

No. 6 Duke 85, N. Carolina St 
58: In Durham, North Carolina, 

earned run average last season, is 
73-39 in the 1990s. 

Chicago tried to settle before 
Friday's hearing with an offer of 
S173 million guaranteed over three 
years with a dub option for 1997, 
according to a person familiar with 
the hearing. McDowell wanted 
SI 8.9 million for the same period, 
the source said. 

Sinicropi’s decision on Sunday 
gave the dubs a final total of 10 
winning cases to 6 for the players, 
raising the overall record to 209 
victories for the dubs and 166 for 
the players. 

For the first tune in five years, 
players who filed for salary arbitra- 
tion had their collective salaries rise 
by less than 100 percent 

{NYT, AP) 

Held, After 

Jeff Capel scored 18 points and 
four teammates also reached dou- 
ble figures as Duke (19-3, 10-3 At- 
lantic Coast Conference) smoth- 
ered cold-shooting North Carolina 
Stale for its ninth straight victoiy 
over the Wolfpack (9-15, 3-9). 

No. 10 Massachusetts 74, West 
Virginia 67: Donta Bright had 19 
points and Massachusetts, playing 
at home, used a late rally to pull 
away from the Mountaineers. The 
Mmutemen (21-5, 1 1-1 Atlantic 10) 
used a 22-9 nm to take its biggest 
lead of the game, 66-54, with 1:37 
to play. Marealis Basey led West 
Vir ginia (15-8. 7-6) with 25 points. 

NoTl9 Cafiforma 89, No. 23 Gn- 
Hmuti 80: At the Orlando tourna- 
ment, Languid Murray scored 13 
of his 23 points in the second half 
and Jason Kidd had 22 points and 
eight assists for the Golden Bears 
(18-5). fTnriwnari (17-8) played its 
fifth consecutive game against a 
Top 25 opponent and fell to 2-3 in 
those outings. 

No. 22 Marquette 84. Dayton 62: 
In Milwaukee, Damon Key scored 
20 points and grabbed 10 rebounds 
for the Warriors (18-7), who lead 
the Great Midwest Conference 
with a record of 8-2. Dayton (5-16) 
trailed 43-24 at halftime. 

Compiled by Ow Suiff From DUpardm 

TAMPA, Florida — Dave Stewart and Todd Stottlemyre, Toron- 
to Blue Jays teammates, were arrested following a scuffle with police 
officers at a night dub and charged with battery on a law enforce- 
ment crfficer and resisting arrest 

The two pitchers were inside the Hillsborough County jail for 
about 90 minutes before posting bond at about 5 A 3d. Sunday. 
Stewart, 37, faces an additional charge of disorderiy condncL 

According to the police, a dispute broke out between the players 
and the manag er of the Masquerades dub. The argument ensued 
after Stewart refused to pay a cover charge for the four pcopkin iris 
party and also refused to -wear a bracelet, winch is required for 
entrance to the dub, the poHa said. 

Stottlemyre, 28, was arrested when be pushed one of the officers 
backward, and Stewart then attacked the other as his teammate was . 
being taken 1 to a police car, said a police spokes m a n . 

Stottlemyre posted 53,500 bond, according to the jsQ file. Stew- 
art’s bond was 53,600. ' (Ar.gM^) 


Mariin Triumphs in D^tona 500 

DAYTONA BEACH, Florida ? tc S| offSl™ fo 

278 races, ended H years of frustration when he bdd on cram «vau 

: -*s fSS 

ft 033 second victory onSund^ovCT ^ a 

team put to^thejr a car that could run up front the 

^h&d^owsred the 200 laps ; around 


man dad between Marlin and Irfan- 

Coejakuu. Over 40, Under 4 Minutes 

- ■ ZJr, -w. /xnm — After. montha of painful 

' ‘ G«SomDGE.Massadmsetts 0^ 

U* ^.Kbarner. 

mas tff’ S mark.of-4K)139vras 

set last year at Madison Square Garden in New Yore. , 

Ibe rimSunday.wHS tteTSth sub- 4:00 ^ tfCoghkms careen Fhs 
jewdremaias his -worWr indoor-record 3:49.78 mile in 1983. which has 
not been touched since: 

InliTim Jcislitia in Whitbread Lead 

SOUTHAMPTON, England (AP). — The European yacht _Intrum 
Joshua led thfifleetjbr seven nautical miles on Monday, the second day of 
the fourth leg of the Whitbread Round the World Raoe. . 

Intruro Jusdtia, an entry in the Whitbread 60 class, held the advantage 
over the Japanese-New Zealand boatTokfo,:tl»ov«ran leader in the ctess 
after three leg^New Zealand Endeavor, overall leader ui the Maxi class, 
was 39 miles befamd Intnun Justitia, but 10 miles ahead of its nearest 
rival the French boat Maxi La Poste. . 

The 14-yacht fleet, which left Auckland, New Zealand, on Sunday, was 
/tn i- the r wiw tft rhiiriiiMn Islands earty Tuesday . After that, there 
will be no t»nd in sight for. thousands of mues .on the 5.900- ante leg to 
Pnnta dd Estie, Uruguay. . 

* -r " 

V *, 

JIDDA (AP> - — San<fi Arabia has fired its Dutch soccer coach four 
months before tbe Warid Cup. saying his style was not appropriate for 
tire team. 

Leo Bemlmkk^r, hired three months am told Dutch television on 
Sunday that Saudi offiflflls had inforrtted nun of his dismissal Saturday 
oigbt The Saufi soccer ft woefadon was quoted as saying that under 
ftwiiwMrw ( be tffliii jy hvvt litfle diance at me Wodd Cap in the United 
llii« «nrotru>r~ Wn fam maii tfWiwhi wag named interim COBCh. 

B ceahakfaar , fa TWJi national team at the 1990 World 

Dip in Italy, speculated that hei^ probably been too tough on the Saudi 
pluy rn He hdd jxractxces twice daily instead of the traditional three 
times a weet. ' . . 

ted as saying that under 
Wodd Cop in the United 


thr Miami Ddphms tm Mondw to 
viDtxB^^^EsieFnbiB-FnK become the Natfeind FbotbaflLeagoe’s -highest-paid kicker. The Dol- 
Doug Christie driving past Philadelphia's Clarence Weatiwrspooo. Despite Weatherspoon’s 26 phins did not release (^ ifaecoagtract, but Stoyanovkh did not 
points and 17 rebounds, Los Angeles won the National Basketball Association at home, 107-95. dispuw.reports that hc>^tcd a fom-year, S4375 miIlkm deal, (AP) 

NBA Standings 

Atlantic Dtvtstoa 

W L 


New York 

36 15 



30 20 


New Jersey 

26 7* 



25 25 



20 31 



20 31 


Wash Inn ton 

16 35 

Central Division 



35 16 



34 16 



27 24 



25 Z4 



23 77 



15 37 



13 38 


Midwest Division 

W L 



36 13 


5«*i Antonio 

38 14 



33 17 



29 26 


Minnow to 

IS 34 
4 4S 

Pacific Division 
36 13 


33 16 



Golden State 

30 20 




30 21 



LA Lakers 

19 31 



LA Clippers 

17 32 




17 33 



ailcago IS 13 M 14-48 

New York IT 31 26 16-M 

C: Plppen 9-235-725, Armstrong 7-101-1 IS. 
N.Y.: Ewing 6-13 8-11 20. S*Vk3 6-13 4-4 14. 
Rebrands— Chicago 45 (Grant 7), New York 
62 (Ewing IS). Assists— at taogo IS (GniiTt. 
Plpoen 4), New York 24 (Stark*. Horner 6). 
Seattle U 28 17 St— *S 

India do 31 H S3 26— 181 

S: Perk Ins 7-13 99 34, Pierce 6-12 7-9 19. 1 : D. 
McKov 7-1 1 13-13 77, Smite 7-10 1-1 IS Miller 4- 
1D 4-7 IS Rebounds— Seattle 38 {Kemp 10). 
Indiana 47 (DJSavts 9, McKov T). Audi*— 
Seattle 25 (McMillan *). Indiana 2* (Workmen 
S (Ac Key 5). 

Orlando S3 27 32 3S— 1BT 

Milwaukee 27 SI 34 38—104 

O: Scott 8- IS 1-2 IS O'Neal 18-24 3-4 3S M: 
Baker 8-12 *-720, Day WS 0-220. BrtckowsfcJ M0 
4-4 1& Rtboends— Orkmo 50 (O'Neal 14). Mil- 
waukee49 (Briekgwskm i. Assteto-Ortandoa 
1 Ha r dawav 8). Milwaukee 25 (Murdock 7). 
Cleveland URDU 13— 1M 

Cbartotte 24 28 22 II 9— nn 

Cleveland: Price 9-173*3 21 Pn Ills 8-137-821 
Char latter E. Johnson 9-20 1-221. Curry 9-21 3-4 
2X Rebounds— Cleveland 56 (None*, Mills 
Hill 8). Charlotte 4? (Gattlwn. Hawkins 7). 

Atabte— Cleveland 20 (Wilkins 7). Char forte 
32 ( Booties 111. 

Atlanta 18 25 25 34-92 

Denver 34 It 36 30—97 

A: Willis 8-14 4-4 2& Etna 6-12 44 IT. D; R. 
Williams 8-16 3-2 IS Abdul-Root 9-15 V2 IT. 
R4beand»— Atlanta 41 (Willis 13). Denver 63 
(Mutombo 15). Assists— Atlanta 18 (Whattev 
7). Denver IT IPock 6). 

PMiadaMila 35 35 10 25- TS 

LA Lakers 24 29 24 2S-107 

P: Weatherspcan 1 1-204-5 2SWaairWge7-T4 
M U LA.: Van End 8-20M 19, Threatt 10-19 
1-1 21. Rabeaads— Phlladeiplilo 57 (Weather- 
soqon 17). Las Arocles 35 (Dlvac Tl. Assists— 
PhlladaipMa 27 I Dawk Ira 8), Las Angela 31 
(Worthy 7). 

■ONOO 27 17 15 33- 73 

Portland 23 29 23 17—183 

8: Radio 11-21 2-2 24. Brown 7-16 l-l 20. P:C 
Robinson 1046 44 34, Strickland 7-14 45 IS 
n a h o awds Poston 56 1 Radio 14). Portland 69 
(W1 1 J lams 14). AssM*— Boston 231 DougtosS), 
Portland 25 (Strickland 9). 

NHL Standings 

Atlantic Division 

W L T Pis OF GA 
NY Rangers 37 14 4 78 206 149 

N6w Jersey 31 19 I 70 209 163 





62 171 177 





60 166 163 





58 2U 226 

NY islanders 




52 171 171 

Tampa Bay 




52 Ul 182 

Northeast Division 

71 173 166 









70 198 169 





69 213 211 





65 201 161 





51 188 202 





48 TO 207 





26 149 275 


Central Dtvtsten 








73 265 204 





75 200 166 

Dal las 




71 214 172 

St Louts 




70 195 194 





61 T7B 169 





41 176 250 

Pacific Dtvtsloa 





71 223 187 





60 m m 

San Jose 




SB 167 172 





50 170 111 

Las Angeles 




48 213 227 





37 184 229 

E fto Nl 1110-1 

WdsMngtsn 1 8 2 0-1 

First Ported: W-Peafca 10 (Borrtdge, fo- 
trate).(pp). B-Hawarcmik2SJacDad Parted: 
e- H a wor d s* 26 (Audette. Plante). 

(po).nnrd Period: WCateV 1 Ridley); (pp). 
D -llann m 3. w-RkBey 19 (lafrute, Bandra) 
Shots 04 god: B (an TdnraccL Beauprw) 5- 

11- 5-3-23. W (an Fuhr) 7-9-1W5— 28. 

New Jersey 0 O'- 1 0—1 

Chtamo 1 o O' t I 

First Period: C-Roentak 28 (Owttab Mur- 
phy). (pp). TMrd Period: Nj^Mirien U (Pe- 
lusa McKov). Sbatsaaoeal: NJ. (an Baltaur) 

12- 4-12^5—3*. C Ian Bredeur) 9-16-11-3—0. 

Catgary 12 2—5 

Winnipeg 0 I 1-1 

First Parted: C-Wab I (KJda Nteuwen- 
dvfc). Second Period: C-Rakhal 28 (Stem. 
Walz): C-Flrury 2* (RektwL Roberts), (pp). 
w-staan is. Tblrd Parted; W-Kbs3 iMlronav, 
Barsata); C-Raldiel 27 (Klsle): C-Fteury 25 
(Walz). Shots on goo): C (an OTielU) 7-14- 
7— 28. W (an KkM) 10-7-13-38. 

Badon 1110-1 

Toinpa Bar 1 O ' 1 0-a 

First Ported: T-Bureau7A«coRd Ported :B- 
Kvartalnav S (Donato). TbH Pnnod: B- 
Oam 24 (Kwnrtalnav); T-G rattan 7 (Cote). 
Shots on gaol: B (anPuppa) 7-8-6-2—21 T (on 
Casey) 8-7-S-l— 2*. 

Detroit 12 0 1-4 

Florida .8124-1 

Pint Parted: D-Prtmoau IB (Ytennan, 
Sheppard). Second Period: 2. Florida Ku- 
<Mski35(Banm)i D-Bwppt>rd45 (Prhneou, 
Yterman); (pp). D-CMaem 11 (Coffey, 
Vaartnan). (pp).TMrd Period : FFItxgernld 13 
Ol cw gooA undMy): F H ownocd 3 IFWaiar- 
aM, Lindsay) Overtime: D- Fedorov*! (Kar- 

lov). Shots an gad: D (an VaablasbrawM 4- 
19-15-3—46. F Ion Osgood) 1M-1M— S. 
Anabatm 8 14-1 

SL Loots 1 2 1-4 

First Period: SL-MOier 20 (Brownl. Second 
: Pnriod^SL-Jceinev 16 (aho n a toi . Brawn); 
(pa). A-Ydka 17 (Carkuiib VaW; SL-Piroh- 
horav 8 mnay. Bazon). Thlrtf Period: SL- 
5hanahon 36 (Bam Aidiavl Shots an 
nori: A (an Joseph) n-14-15— 43. Si- Ion He- 
bert) 13-13-13—38. 


Resorts of me 74-bolA tt. 1 roEtton I 
react. In Hates Write. Catttemla: 
33* Scott Hedl 61 62 TV 66 70 
337 Lonnie dements 67 49 61 72 68 
337 PUBV Zoeller 70 67 66 61 66 

337 Jim GoHasner 66 *7 74 12 68 

338 Peynt Stewart 67 69 71 48 13 
337 Paul StnnkamU 67 M <7 61 <» 
3» Gw Baras 66 67 68 67 89 

337 Keith Clearwater 47 64 TV *8 70 
>40 Bob Estes 66 47 70 67 61 
360 Johfl Hwten 66 68 66 68 72 



- Mura Si Pries 

• fHnf|| 

ANdnri Chong (3). United States, dot. Paul 
HosrtHila, Htterian te H 4-3 

cokmbte a BeKvto 9 - r 
Sweden \ UnfaifstaWi ' : ’ r 

StendtHK . Mmc Amsterdam. 40 notate! 

• FiwmrtlHlada^rFWBNteteite 
VR«sm Arnhem mFNAC BiMKImkIC 
tterkrada.26r W»en*J ^TWaraJSfPC Tyiente 
Etwcbed^lC NlV^MaaSirid^&raparto Rot- 
terdom and Go Abaad E ngl ai pmqtetvG); 

■ WVVudaX; Ft Ut mt rfo ndSC ite ara n igen. 
17; PC Orontepen, Ur FC VWoadmw.ia; Cam- 
bour LeeuwdnKtt Tlr KkC WbotiMIte -tOr. ' 
J to n dten o : Mondtester' United, 67polDls; 
Btedcbunv 60r Arsdnat 48r Uwte.44r Now- 

- flaw Wtednadn. 48; HpmkKjOr Quee pr 
Park Rcneers.39, QwanttYiAi w tnM edon . 
and West Ham. 86) Ipawkdidnd Everten, 33t 

- Tottenh am^ )) mumawriaH»S7)t2 ial m a a nd - 


Bottan 1, Aston VTOo 0 
Cardiff L Luton 2 
Wimbledon % Manctmter United 3 
.. FRENCH nnr DiytetON 
flonteouk 1, Olrt nn l w WdreeWe t ■■ 1 
St a edlnei : PoriLSLGarincdn, 42; OtympK 
one Marseffla, 87; Aumrmi Nantae and Bar-! . 
demm.33; cannmand MentpoU)er^0.-Man»- 
-bo. 2»x Lam and trim, 9; St. Eltenna^cmi 

: S husbm jra.27; SochoukandMetz. 25; Le 14a- 
vte and COen. 22; Una. 21; Martteaefc 17; 

. Angecs-oad iteMi 16. 

i. Itnnmnai: ni4Ninrai27petiate,' Bawmate 
- ntate -KaBemmjtanL Sntrwdd Frankfort 
and H a m b urg . Mj Bow Leverkusan and 
.warder Bramen.25; Kortsruhe.2*; Dynamo M 
Drpedao. 23; VTSStutmorL Colagna and Bar- Gf, 
u ml g Ourln i unifcTTi BeraastaMoanc h aii glu i)- 1 
'.badvZU P'dBNW' 17; Naram- 

fam* Ur W&mudmU W L Mrt * U 
.-. r .. .- rnojAN first division - 
Saavdnrta X Atotarrta 1 
SfondMBK'MHon, 38 Prints; Juvefltup and 
Sampdar1a.32;Ponno.31iLazla29i Imar26: 
NapoR, Tqiino and.Fosuta, 25; CagOarL 23; 

. P to eenao on d Rnmo42; Cramoneso.21; UdUv 
. . nmandGanoo 17; RaRotaid. 18; AlaKmta 16; 

IhbraMWVRayo Vtdtocbna 1 ‘ 

' Carta Vh» L Tanertfe 0 - 

v temriEw <8Ion a Radra' Santander 2 
serilla Uteri Ovtedo o 
' Atoof*frVWoTV«ad 6 Hd l 
Root Zaragoza T, AtMoftc Bilbao 0 
R*o4 Sodadad O- Danorfrvo' Ld Coruna V 
Ttendtnw: Oaaarttvo La Coruna, 36 potato; 

Root ModrkL31; Barcelona, ttr Attitettc Bit- 
. bOBandOWan,Z7; Racing Saniandor,2Ai Savi- 
Ua, A8nceteaRlR4ia)3octedod,25; ftealZo- 

ramaaoodTenarife,24;Ovledo ana Valencia 
m «te«co Madrid. 22; Cefta VKw, 21; Ln- 
granasand RaynVEHwnadD; RMlvwioao- 
' dd- Hi; Lerida 16; osaouna F a mri cm is. 

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ta subraibe end sc^e 
Just ca0 toll-free: 




Page 15 

Tuesday’* Evauts 

MtHrmanGMT . 

Crws Courtiy Men's 4xl'04tUof^ 
ter relay, 093ft. ' . 

fee Hockmy - Consolation matches, 
1530,2000. ... • . 

Short Track Speedsfcathn - Men'* 

1,000 ^lsSn-» 3^ 

meter relay, 1600. 

5W Jumping -i20iin^t8Bmoom- 

petrtton, 113a 

Tuesday's TV 


Alt times ara /oca/ 

Austria -ORF: 0600-1800, 2015- 
2100,22300000. ....... 

Britain — BBC2; 1415-1500, 1630- 

Bulgaria - BNTVChannel 1: 19125. 
1945; CharmoJ 2i- 1630-2000, 0030- 
0100 . •• 

Croatia - HRT/TV2* 1225-1506- 
1650-1925; 23304X130. 

Cyprus - CYBC; 1715-1745, 2030- 
2100, 2230-2300. 

CMdi FtapubBc - CTV: 0915-1545, 
1945-2015, 2320-0005. 

Danmark - OR: 10204545, 1855- 
1920, 2130-2215. • • • ' 

Estoida - ETV: 1120-1645. 1915- 
1945, 2130-2200. 

Finland - YLE/TV1: 111D-1B15, 
2055-2100; TV2; 1900-1 83ft " 
Franca - FR2; 1015-1252; FR3: 
1355-1515, 20Q5-203ft. 

Garmany - ZDF: 1003-1500. 2100- 

Gnmca - ET1: 0830-0900; ET2: 

Hungary - UTWChannal 1; 1207- 
1237, 2005-201 0. 231 02340. 

Jcofcmd - RUVi 0920-1145, 1825- 
1855, 2315-2345. 

Italy - RAH: 1020-1245; RAJ 2: 0015- 

0200; RA13; 1950-2020 

LaMa - LT: 1120-1345. 1915-1845. 


Lithuania - LRT: 2130-2150. 
Lux em bourg - CLT: Hjghffghts on 
evening news, i90o-2ooa 
Macedonia - MKRTV/Channel 1: 
0920-1145, 1525-1800, ' 1955-2230: 
Channel 2: 1125-1405, 1715-1745, 
1755-1830; Channel 3; 1756-2130. 

Monaco - TMC/IT: 1015-1230, 
1750-1825, 2345-0015, 02000315. 
Netherlands - NOS: 1000-1510. 
1825-1753, 1840-1880, 2030-2350 
.Norway - . NRK; 1000-1750, 2000- 
0030; TV2: 1845-1 BOO 
Poland - TVP/PR1: 1015-1100, 
1830-1855. 2200-2300; PR2: 1105- 
1245, 1606-1725, 1805-2000. - 
Portugal - 7V2~. 2300-2320; RTP1; 
1100-11 20. 

TV Schedules and Events 
On Tuesday, Wednesday 

Rommla - BTVR/Channel 1: 1230- 
1345, 1915-1945, 0030-0100. 

- RTO:. 1220-1445, 2140- 
2200, 00304J115; RTR: 1255-1510. 
78250130 : - 

Slovakia - STV/SK: 0500-0830. 
1025-1505. 1815-1B45. 

Shnrenia - RTVSLO: . 1 000-1550. 
’ T700 ; i845. 195S-2400. ’ 

Spate - RTVE: 100072400; TVE2: 

Gwwten - SVT/TV2: 1015-1300. 
1400-1600; Channel 1: 7300-1400. 
.2000-2100. , 
Switzerland - TSRmr/DRS: 0930- 
1500; S>: 190t«23a 
Ttetay - TRT: 1B004000. 2200- 

Utoten* - DTRU/tmi 1120-1345. 
1915-1945, 003WHCG 
. Euromport - 0600-conttnuous cover- 


Aa times are local 
AuatraSa - Channel s: 2030-0100. 
Iter Zealand - TVl: 07000800. 

Japan -NHK; 22002400 (ganarai); 
1230-1500, 1800-0630 (satalttte); 
1300-1500. 1900-2200 (Hf-VWqn). 
PBpua New GUfoaa - EMTV: 2000 
220ft - - 

CUna - CCTV: 1930-2130, 2300- 
2400. ••••'. 

. Hong Kong -TVB: 2400-0100. 
South Korea -.KBS: 1000-1300; 
.MBC: 1430-1730, 24000130. 
Malayafa - TV3: 231S-OOT5. 
Slngnpotv - SBC/Channri12:240O- 

01 oo. * . 

STAR TV/Pitae Sports - 0600-coo- 
tinuous coverage. 


AHttmm are EST r. 
Canada - CTV: 0630-0900, 1430- 

United States - CSS; 0700-0900, 
2000-2300, 0037-0137; TNT: 1300- 

Mexico - Televisa: 0700-1 1 00, 1700- 
.1900,2330-2400. 1 - 

' Wednesday’s Events 

All times ara OUT 

Alpine SkBng - Men's giant Staton 
firstnm. 0830; second run, 123ft- 
RtaMod - Women's 7.5 kfloroetws, 
0900; Men’s 10 (dkxnatere, 1200. 

Figure Sks&ag - Women's technical 
program, 1800. 

tea HOctay - Quarterfinals. 1400. 
1530, 1830, 200ft 

, Nordte Combined - Team 90-mew 

ski jumping, 103ft 

Speedskating - women's 1.000 me- 
ters, 1500. 

Wscbwsdajr’i TV 


AH times an local 

Austria - ORF: 0600-1800, 2015- 

Britain - BBC2: 1415-1550, 2000- 
2100, 2315-2355- 

Bulgaria - BNT/Channal 1: 1025- 
1645, 19151945, 2200-2300. 

Channel 2: 16552000, 0035010ft 
Croatia - HRT/TV2: 14051830. 
23050005. • 

Cyprus - CYBC: 17151745, 2035 
2100, 2235230ft 

Czech RepuMc - CTV: 08151530, 

• 16251730, 1945-0005. 

Danmark - DR- 09451730, 1855 
1925. 21352215. 

Estonia - ETV: 10551946, 2145 

Finland - YLE/TV1: 10151500. 

TV2: 1600-1830, 19051930, 2015 

France - FRZ 0924-1253 
FR3: 1304-1500. 20052030 
TF1 -.20552250. 

Germany - ZDR0903-1745. 1825 

Qraece - ETl -. 08350900, 2345 
0215; ET2: 14351515. 18151945. 
Hungary - MTV/Channel 1: 1317- 
1558; Channel 2: 20052010, 2255 

Iceland - RUV: 08251045, 1225 
7445. 18251855, 23352345. 

Italy RA12: 09251145, 00150200; 
RA13: 1255140ft 19552020. 

Latvia - LT: 14051800. 18151945. 

LRhuante - LRT: 10551245. 1405 
1600,2135215ft ! 

lunmboutg - CLT Highlights on 
evening news, .1900-2000. 

Macedonia - MKRTV/Channel 1: 
0825103ft 1225-1445, 13251800, 
16252100; Channel 2: 08551045, 
11551400. 14551630. 17551845, 
19552230; Channel 3: 10251210, 
13351630, 17552130, 2235230ft 




Russia ■ 
United Slates 


S urede u 
■ B e t oru s 
Brit km 

2 - B-- 

I I 

o. ■ 
0. .‘0. 

i a 

o r 

b -i - 

Womens* CwnUMd . 
G-. Pttnim Mbira,' Sandw - 
S: Wrvni scfmcfdsr, Switzerland 
' B: Alsnka Down, StowiM 

G: Emm Hunyody. Austria 
- 5: SwuHnna FadaHdna, Russia 
B: Gunda Nferaan. Germany 
Crass Co untr y 

women* 4XSKUM»Mr Rotor 
G: Russia (EkMVoeltm, Larissa Lazutina. 
Nina GavrHak, Lvubav Egorova! 

5: Norway (Trade DvteadaM, Ineer Hetane 
Nytxaatsn. ah Niton. Anno Moon) 

B: Italy (Blca Mmlta Manuata D1 Cento, 
Gaerhita PanozL Statanta Softnandal 
Ptasrv Skattag 
la# Dance 

G : Oksana teltsefwk and Evsenl Ptatov, Rus- 

3: Mala Usova and Alexander ZtaHta. Rumta 
B: Jome Torvm gnd airtslortw Doan. Brit- 

Mm* BhMofi 
SO KSMMtlfS ■ . 

G: Servo) Tarnsow, Russhr 
S: Frank Lot*. Germany 
B: Sven Fischer, Germany . 

G: Swttz. I (Gustav Wader and Dw»a}> 

8: Swlta. II (RMa GoetscW andGuWb AdUtn) 
B: Italy I (Gunther Hubar and StotaM nodj 
SM Jsnmlnu 
Larve tffl T30 Meters 
G: Jens Wc tefta a, Germany 
S: Esnon aredssen. Norway 
B: Andreas Gaicbemr, Austria 

G: Jatam Dtav Kan. Norway 
S: KIWI storeM. Norway 
B: Bart VWdkamn, HaHMtrtaads 

Alpine SkBng 
Woman* DowmMH 
G: Kofla Selzinaer, Germany 
5: Pkcabo stroeb UnBed States 
B: Isoide Kastrar, Italy 

Ouis Co u a fr y SkOM 
MM* Ftae Pursuit T5 KBomessn 
G: Btorn Dahlta Norway • 

S: VkadHnlr Smirnov. K uaiWt ttan 
B: 5iMo Rwnar. Italy 

G: AIomI Urmonov. Russia 
S: EM* SMfa* Canada . ’ 

B: PMiuae C on d stora . France 
NorAe ComMood 

G; Fm I Barra mndbero. Norway 
S: TOkanart Kona Japan 
B: B forte Enoen VSc. Norway 
Speed Skattag . _ 

Women* SM Mete* 

G: Banale Blair, Unlled Stated - 
s: Susrni Auco, Canada 
B: Fraazfcdia Setienk. Germany . 



Women* u Wtomriers 
G: Myriowt Bedard, Cantata 
.S: Aane Brfanei France 
. B: Ursula EHst Germany 


MM* Peek t e e 

G: Kan Brower and VWWte Huter Holy 
■S: Hanslora Ra« and No rti^ lt^Mtah 
- B: SMtan Kraumond Jon BehrendtGerTioiiy 
Speed ShotteS 
MM* UNB Utotart 
>G; Don Jansen, ttetted States 
•3: taar VakmaM. Belcna - 
»B: Servel XbdvnyA to** 5 " 

Aiotae tea* 

»' mm* De a r G le et Skde ra 

• G: Martua Was meter . Cen teV 
*5: Tommy Mao. Po***- 

■ B: KtoMI Antra AaflWdt 

• Crass Country swwv 

» Men* M KBometet* 

*G; Blom Oewte. Narwaw 
•S; VtaMmir smfcnwr. Komiuwon 
*B; Mora Ataorana, itatv 
‘ Women* te-KOsmeier Pa«w 
*G; Lvubav Everautv Rusda ‘ _ 

-3: ManuHa Di CenNt lt D? y 

• B: SWforila Ba t mOI N te »ta”_ 

, teriSte** 

• woawrt *v* Mtote* • 

•G: Svetlana Boxhonova. W* 

• S: Ernes* Hamady. AuMrin 
*B: Paoata imcMKte, Gennaay 

Freestyle SUoa 
Men*' Mends 

G: Jean-Luc B ramor d. Canada 
3: SerserSbaHPMmv, Russia 
B: Edaar Grasniran. France 
IKMMM'Altfflli * 

G; SHne Use H uuett ed. Norway 
S: Ui McIntyre. United State 
B: EHzawato KalevnBavtL Russia 
' Lute 

. woaum* Umte 
G:-Gerda WeJsswwletaer. Italy . 

S; Suol entaae, Germany 
S: Ananra Ttaraerker, Austria 
.Speed Skartm 
Mm* UM Meters . ' 

G: Johann Otav koh. Norway 
S; RkwIe RBema. Nettie rta n d i 
Bi Foiko Zondstnz. Nelharl un ds 
- AhtaeSUay-'T 
. Women* su wr O l u erstatem 
G: otanp RaftaSlelnroiiM-, us ' 

Sr Svetlana GkxJhchevrv Russhr. 

B: Isolde Koatncr, Italy 

. cramCemdrY SUtna 
Wmbm* S KHemetcrs 
GiXvutxiy Eterava, Russia 
3: Mooina DI Cento Italy 
B: MuKMJtaa Wrvesntenl 
Figaro Staffing 
• (tain. Freestyle Program 
G: E. Gordeeva and 5. Grinkov. Russia 
5: N. MbhkutNnok and A-.Dmltrlov. Russia 
B: L Brasseor and L. Ebfer, Canada 
Cram country SUao 
- Mm* SO maaMters . . 

G: Thomas AMgaarct Norway 
S: Biarn DaMw Norway. . 

B: Mtaa Mynvia, Fhiand 

Mm* Shades ■ 

G: Geara Hacki, Germany 
S: Markus Prack. Austria 
B: Arm In Zoaoete r . Itahr ' - . 

Speed Mating - - 
G: Aieksmidr Gotubev. Russia - 
S: Sergei Klmhmu Russia . 

B: Atanedw Mart. Japan - V 
• . ADtoSUn 

Man* DawolW ' . . 

G: Tommy Mo» mrited state* ■ 

S: Klein Andre Aamodt, Norway 
B: Edward Padtadnskv, C«mto 
Crass Country SkBaa 
VHNri 15 KHMtaNes 
G: Manush DI Cento Italy 
3: Lvubav Esawa Ruaria 
B: Nino GavrikJfc, Russia 

' SMOO Staffing ' 

Msa* SJM Meters 
G: Johann. Otav Kam, Norway. 

3: KloU StareW. Norway 
B: RUUle RHsraa Nethortandi 



woMEirs tsteMETans— i, dmoM huwd- 
dy, Austria.. 2:0219; % Svetlana Fzdotttw. . 
Rumto2:0U»: \ Gunda Nternesw, Germany. 
jtttUi ;4. Bonnie Blair, Unftod8tataSr*:BW4; 
£ ai b wj wh TS Ttwmasr Msttwrhaiau tittto 
A,Svatfaaa BaztwuDvaf&itatoiroiyf; 7,Na-. 
tafya PMettova, Russia, 2tS4JHf G Mhasta* 
Dascaia Romania 2:DU2j f. sonu Hotel-. 

mata, Japan. 2: 0*St;T(LToanyD* Jong, No8>- 

■rtancta 2.-fflL)K 

: tL'Anke Germcwy, 23&SI; i2, Eieno 

1 MCL Italy. 2:05.99: TLSMio Kusunoae, Jo- 
' pan, 2ffto20,- M. Ufirtka Adsten Germany,. 
2:0040; U tflnamTYtaTiamotoJa«>aa.2r0A54; 

- IAMoki TcDato Japan, Ssltort; 17; captaM 
La May, Canada. Mt-ITi to Bwa Justvna 
Wa iH ewS ka N teCT4l| to Eme** Antw, 
Austria. 2 J7JJU an, MlchsHvTCtoo. united 
states, asaue. . •••-■ 

21, Angola 'ZuekorrhaR, Uoitad: SttffeA- 
2dBjO; 2 Z 'Carta znwm, NtBisrtands. 
2AW; 23, Cerassla Harddbgito Reaumto 
2ffBL5D; 2* MtolKlto Marion. CanadtataOess; 

Oaaada, 2072V; 7, Nlcftetas Foatahe, Canada. 
30LM; L jsereMarc Bocquln, Franca, 2D3J1; 
0. xris Fedderteft. unlled staraa WJ7: to 
n. Mate Johansson, Sweden. 19237; a Eric 
Borooust United States. » OM. 

FnHM la OvtaltF— to vassflt Vorabtov, Be- 
hrus. teU2; 14. Christian Rflavec Austria. 
MCtl : lilbr Sfeeh, Norway, T72J7; 14, Sergei 
But. Ukraine, 17I.W; 17, MIcMel RuBer De. 
MFtberiarxte 1403P; to Atart* Blanc Franc* 
14222; to Sergei Brener, Uzbekistan, «M3; 
to Hiroshi MoeWL japan. 1S1SX 21. Alessan- 
dm Scatto llalv. 1492«; 22. Herbert Korty, 
Swltrer Jawt t»J0; 23, Freddy Rjxrwna rtalv, 
11321; 34, Sebasfltn Fo u c r u * . Fmnao, SSMs 
Alexander Mikhailov, Russia. DNF. 



UMrgkM. Gennaay.tCOKQriDV Omntal BOF 
lev: united States, 2;0M*,- to Nsrjd Uona. 
Canada, TMSTi to ElUbetta irato itahr. 
2=rufl;»CtkMHie4ateSdata KoreoJSUM. 



ffVCWT— L Xlratte M o r sh oh, AuNrsttai. 
HBiatz Wkta siiwMUilkntolWkL 
ffono LkKtarm Swadin. i.Coreftw 
OBOfto CptMto. 15340: & Jtea itataddb Be- 
tam, jkmte' OfWdngcb^ 

ISOM; 7. Mote StfynW- SattariaaG' L 
Traw evma. United Statea tlURr % lMMa_ 
SNnmvayiLUkrabto M7JS; to EMamUniL 

Gmbm. Hi Iteia pffhanltoUkralna 

U4jf; aUnaTdiwtaagvalHtetetaaMUi 
Failgd to BaetWy U.NIoote Stone, UftHed 
Slate*. 14324; U, Lbetatta Johansson, Swe- 
(ka. 142,13; to. Colette Brand, Switzerland. 
14342; U. Jacquedne Coaten ' AustraHa,-' 
13747;. 17, Ykl Mono* Chtaa. 13L04; U.Jl, 
xknau. China, 12122*, toMtwrtaa Kubenk, 
Canada. .U&jHj 3ft Krislean fortar, Uflltod 
Stale*, 71.14; I W II tv CurtY, Britain, 7U1; 32. 
3oata Retchart, Germany, 38JKI: Kennedy 
Jjvdn. Canada. ONF. ' - 

MENS ! snuiL •; ■UMJKA7ION 
evatrr— s, Alexei Parfonkte, ..Beteus, 
UtJSi X PhUlwpe Laroche, Crmnrta, 12? *5; 3, 
Lloyd LanotatL Canada, mfl LTrace vtor- 
tMhotan. United States. 2Zl.tif 5 Rtehard. 
Cobbtwr, Britain, 20854; e, Andrew 

Russia ( Elena VMJbe.Lartssa Laartl Da,N loci 
Gmrihto Lyubov Egorova) 57 minute a. ns 
seconds; 2. Nonimy (Trude Dvbendotil, Inner 
l l olo n e Nyhroaten, Elta NHson,Anlta Moon) 
57:424; 3r itahr (Bice Vanzctta, Manueki Di 
Canto Gabrtalla Pontai S ta ta nta BeL 
mandol 5HOS; 4, Finland (Plrkho M u afta, 
*torto-LH»a KlrvesnlemL Marla Lahttnan, 
Start ul RDtto) 59-.1SS; &3wttzsriand iSvtvta 
Hooeouer. 5Hke S tJ iwogsr . Barbara Mettler. 
Brtaine Albrecht) 1;KWS.l; 8. Sweden (Anna 
Fritahto Started teteMOogHuad.Aimo-Lona 
Fritzon. Antontna Ordtnan d»:BLS; 7, Blovo- 
“ Ma (Utanlra Batamva, Jaroslava BuKvo- 
lava, Tatiana Kuttikown, Aizbeta Hovrond- 
kava). 1:01:002; % PMand (Mlchnlina 
Mocknxek, Mnigorzata Ruchala, Darata 
Kwasny, Bernadetta Bacofc) 1dl:lU: 9, 
Czech Republic (Atarihia Vandrava Iveta Za- 
Dngeruva, Katerina Ne u mum ova, Lucie 
Okra w tav ol ta) T:02rO2.l; to United States 
ttJMfU WHsaa, Montpelier, WU Nino Koma- 
peLAnciMragc,Alastai; Loora McCabe. Pert 
Cltv. Utah; LaUt Thompson, Stain, VU. 

• 1L France (Caro4«Stanbdere,SyhHeG4ry- 
RouasoL 5apMe Vinaaeuva, Elteabelti Tardy) 
•1 :B2dtU; to Estonia (Kristina Smirnov Cris- 
tel VaWra^lltaSulla,Pln»t Nlglas) 1 Mr.HA} 
U, Knzakbshni (Natalia SbKdntes. Elena 
TchsnwlBavD, Oxana Kotova. Elena VDto- 
dlna) 1:02:1X8; to Belarus (Elena PDralnen, 
Svetlana Kamdtskcda . Uadmlta Dldotova, 
Etena Stakovnau l:MriSA 


COMBINED RESULTS (iisOatn Fans iff PO- 
rmtbesn) — V Pemilla Wlberv, Sweden, 1 
minute. 2020 seconds, 1:3444 I49G5, 47.11) 
2AU4; X Vranl Srimlder, Swi tz e r land. 
1JS21. 1JL38 (4»to 4443) 3taS2»: X Alenfca 
DovnUVStavmtolSKdr, 1 : 37-97 (5X81,4754] 
K0444; K : Moreno GaUUa, IWv, 1:2371, 
. l:38J*- (4VM.48JU) 3:0421; 5. startlna ErtL 
Germany, td»J4 1 : »M (5058,4842) 3:8828; 
6. KaNa KqretuMovwila,! 30J9, 1 39.00 (585B, 
4822) 3:09J9. 

. 7. -Ftarenae .Mas n o rtn , France, ldN.11. 
1240*1 (SIM, 4M» 2: HUB; t HK* Gera. 
Germany, ] CXiO, 1 ^*7^8 (52.14.4U4 ) 3:1X18; 
9, Miriam VOet, Germany, 1B94T, 124053 
15124,4929} 3:19.14; to PJcabo Street, Unhod 
states, 1 r»lR J:4l.PS (OST, 4PJ71 3;iai5,- II, 
ErtkaHawsork Sweden, 1 i»Si, 1 :4X24 (SL12, 
49.12) 3:1117; 13, BMona Psraz. Holy. 1 B9.1X 
h41A9 (5228. 4171) 3:1044: to Lwcta Mwttltx 
rodsktv Sovoti3o,1--XL7IV l.ftfl 02.90, 4877) 
3:1257; to Unbir Kravat, Steventa. 1:3UB, 
1UB.1S (5172. 4843V 3;MJS; to Jeanette 
Lttxte. Narnay. 1;29J1, 1 ;4446 (Sin, 5145) 

DID MOT FINISH (First rmO-MIckolie 

- Ruttawn, Canada; - Kristina PodinHhna. 
. Ukraine; Svetlana’ Gladisbeva. Russia; 

- ocbeUa Racz. Hunuarv; Anta Haas, Austria, 
SzveHana KcsTtttevL Hungary; Kalla Set- 
ainoer, Germany; Sneta Pratnor, Slavste. 
tnarld Stoocu, Aastrla (sacoad nu-tsokte 
Ksstoer. itahr: ZoU staggalt, AustraUa. 



tas HANGING— L Oksana Grlfxtmk and 
fivgenl Platav, RiMtoXOtacSoredalotlnBS; 

' 2. Mate Ueavaand Atewndar Ztedln. Russia. 
XBi-a Jayne Torvill . and Otetotaohar Dean. 
SrmaMirA Sasmno ttohumo end Petri 
Kaidca. FWawtto; 5, Sephlo MWatte mi 
Pascal unandiy, France, HU); ft Adl*«lta- 
. KrytamdroinbdtanlrFedorov,'Rus3la12A; 
7/ Irina R nmonayo and tsar Ybrasfunka 
Ukraine, U8; ft Katerina Mrazama and Mnr- 
'UnSfanecetaCMdi RepuMc, iso j 9. JennHer 
IGeohfaor and Hendrvk Bdiaffiborper, Gen- 
many, 110; l&Steae-Lynn Bourne and Vkdor 
Kntatz, Canada, 20JL 

n, TaMlono Navfca and Samuel Gordian, 
Belarus. 220; totomwBaDraWcBkouodPo- 
yjias vancKXK. unkjonia 344; to AlHdStw- 
fltadou and Yuris itazautyovev. unektekm. 
2SJB. to Barangora Nou and Luc Mcoow. 

' Franco^A; to Elizabeth Punsatan and -lend 
Swallow, UJS.2M; 1ft RaGnHa Oynboknya 
- ant mQbi Bar. Czech RmteWc 220; 
nleedta Domonetoand MarcJn GtoecriU, Po- 
: imkajafWBaKBiaidateaasjfc^^ 

■ Q»rTTlkovatBK)Atexanoer3o3i>entw,ukr<rfn*, 

rv,4H0; IttUrcra Nuntboysva and Mitetywn 
Settarov, . Uzbekistan, *2A 

Monaco - TMC//T; 09351300, 
13351925. 20052230, 0145-0315. 
Ntrthartands - NOS: 09051754, 
18451850, 20052345. 

Norway - NRK: 09051750, 2005 
0030; TV2: 1846-2030, 21352230. 
Poland - TVP/PRi: 0915-1100, 
20152040, 2205230ft PR2: 1105 
1500. 16051725, 19052000, 0035 

Portugal - TV2: 23052320; RTP1: 

Romania - RTVR/Cfwnnei 1: 1425 
1515. 19151945, 003501 00: Channal 
2: 15551830. 20252330. 

Rustao - RTO 1155-1345. 1825 
2100, 23050030; RTR: 13151945, 

StovaMo - STV/SK: 06051835. 
Skwaola - RTVSLO: 08051845. 

Spain - RTVE: 09353400; TVB£ 

Sweden - SVT/TV2: 14051605, 
17451915. 20052145; Channal 1: 
09151130. 12551400. 16051745, 
1B15S5XX). 21452400. 

Swttzeriand - TSR/TSI/DRS: 0935 
1500; S+: 16351900, 1935220ft 
Turicay - TRT: 18052000. 2035 

Ukraine - omu/UTl: 10551245. 
1355160ft 19152245, 00350100. 
E u ro ap ort - 0600-contlntious cover- 

AH tones an local 
Australia - Channel 9: 20350100. 
Naw Zealand - TVl: 07050600, 

Japan - NHK: 2200-2400 (ganeral); 
12351500. 18050630 (saiollite): 
13051500, 19052200 {Hh Vision). 
Papua New Gubwa - EMTV: 2105 

China - CCTV: 1935203ft 2305 

Hong Koog - TVB: 24050100. 
South Korea - KBS: 10051300; 
MBC: 14351730. 24050130. 
Malaysia - TV3: 23150015. 
Singapore - SBC/Channel 12: 2405 

STAR TV/Prima Sports - Q205con- 
tinuoua coverage. 

AH times aw EST 

Canada - CTV: 06351800. 2005 

United State* - CBS:D700-Q800, 
20052300, 0037-0137; TNT: 1305 

Mexico - Televisa: 07051 10ft 1705 
1900, 23352400. 

Information pmvkiad by the IOC, 7VW, 
and Individual broadcasters; compiled 
by the tmernabona/ Heraki Tribune. 

U.S. Gains Hockey Medal Round 

Thr •tssociaieJ Pros 


x -Canada 
x-Untted Slate 

« 11 U 
t M 11 
4 20 M 

] » a 

0 5 1» 


2 B 26 14 

1 7 17 11 

! 7 2J 13 

3 S 21 17 

0 2 15 31 

1 1 1127 

jr-F Intend 5 D 0 18 25 * 

x -Germany 3 2 D 1 II W 

x-Czech Rap. 3 3 0 4 M 11 

x - Russia 3 2 0 4 2D M 

Austria 1 4 0 1 II 8 

Norway D 5 0 0 5 1» 


W L T Pt* GF GA 
x-SlovaUa 3 0 2 8 24 14 

x -Canada 3 I 1 7 17 11 

x-Swsden 3 1 I 7 23 13 

x-Unttad Slates 1 1 3 5 21 17 

ilaiv 1 4 0 2 15 31 

France 0 * 1 I 1127 

x -advanced |o quarterfinals 

Qwrterftnab aa Wednesday, Feb. 21 
Canada vs. Czedi RepubBc, 0900 
Finland w United state, BOO 
Germany vs- Sweden. 1330 
Slovakia vs. Russia. 1500 

Monday* Remits 
Canada X Sweden 2 
Slovakia ft FrwKe Z 
United States 7. Italy 1 
United States 5 1 1—7 

Italy 1*0—1 

First pe ri od l .USA. Peter davoatia (Mat- 
thew Martin); Z USA, Peter Ferraro I Mat- 
thew Martin); 3. USA. OavM Sacco (Peter 
□avaatla) (aal.-ftUSA, David Roberts (John 
LUtev); 5- USA. Peter Farraro (Ci-tris John- 
son, Todd Marchant); ft Italy, Emilia fovfo 
(Stefan Rail ml). Penalltes-Jlnwiv Co- 
mazzoia, Ha (roughing); James Campbell. 
USA (rough Inn); Robert Oberrawh. Ita 
(nweMna); Peter Ferrara, USA (tafdtngl- 
swnd ported) — 7. USA. Brian Ralston 
(Theodors Drury. Barren Richter). Penat- 
IIm— R atand Ramaser. Ita (hotdtea); ML 
ctnet OeAnaeffs. Ita ( intarterancsi ; John UF 
ley, USA (reuahlng); Mourtrlo Mansi. Ita 
tramming); John Liner, USA (roughing): 
Mourtzto Mansi. Ita (rausblng). 

Ttffrtportod-ft USA. Brian Rotsfon (Peter 
Ctwaotta). Penfftl os— Robert Oberrnuch. 
Ita (fthm-sHcklna); PHUp DKSaetana, ita 

Stars m watS— united State! 1MH5—47. 
itoiv 4-s-T— 1& O e oi tes - U nited States. Garth 
Snow CUshats-tt saves), rtalv, David DetHno 
(10-7); Bruno Campese first, 37-33). 

Sweden J 1 t-3 

Canada l 2 e-l 

RTSS period— 1. Canada. Christopher Kan- 
tas [Greg Johnson); 2, Sweden. Row Haw 
hxv(pp). Penalties— David HariocX. Can 
(baHIna); Derek Mover. Can (hook tag); 
Tammy Soku Sera, served by Patrtc Kiel Ibere 
(reushtno); Brian Savaae. Can (crosscheck- 
ing); Patrlk Juhttn, swe (tnnrteremce). 

Second period— 3. Canatki, Todd Hiuffiim ft 
Sweden. Hakon Lotto (Mats Naetund); ^Canada 
Peter Nedved (Fabian Gerard Joseph); Penal- 
Use— Peter Nafted. Can OHOklng); Derek 
Mayer, Cm (MglHfflcktagl; Derek Mayer. Con 
(crcns-cnocktaBJ; Ragerjationssan,Swe(lnter- 
terenoe); Christopher Kontas. Can ChWdra tee 
stick}; Dwayne Norris, Can (cresschecklna); 
Greg Porta, Dm Onterierenoel. 

Third perio d Pe aai nee R oge r Johans- 
son. Swe (hooking) ; Christian Due-Bale, Swe 
(Interference); Tanias Jansson. Saw (hook- 
tag) ; Canada bench, served by jean Vves Ray 
(tea many men); Dankri Rvdmnrk, Swe 
( rough}; Derek Mover, Can (roughtag); 
Christian DuwBofe, Swe (hlgtictlckJngl. 

State on peal fl wwfenTT-Od-^lft Canada 9- 
n-W— oo. Coe flee S w e d en , Tommy Seta (30 
ihal»37 saves). Canada. Correv Ntrsdt (3434). 
5ionMa 4 2 8-e 

Fraoc* 1 * 1—2 

First period— l, Slovakia. Miroslav Satan 
( Robert PetnnricfcY) (sh): 2. Slovakia, Robert 
Petrov Icky (Robert Svchle, BranWav 
Janes); 1 Slovakia Miroslav Satan; ft 
France. Pierre Pousse (Sytvaln Girard, Ger- 
ald Ouetmelenl; 5. Stovakla. Mirostav Sahm 
(Robert Petravldcv, Marian Smerchte) iPP). 
Peno ta ei -Roman Kentsek. Svfc (tripping); 
Eric Lemarque. Fra (elbowing) ; Arnood Brl- 
and. Fra (hooking). 

Second p e riod ft Slov ak ia. Jergus Bora 
(Peter Stesbiv. Zlgmund PaWyHffi) ; 7, Steva- 
Ma. Rene Pucher (Paler Staffnv. 230mund 
Plfflfy), P ena to es- B nmMov Janos. Svfc 
(staeMng); MkastovMareMtoSvk (slashing). 

TWrtl perWt-ft France. Start*** Borin. 
ttenolt le y- T ron^PalorfcmwtoFreirou^ 
tag); ZlBnrund PalHv, Svk [kite rt erencel : 
Franck PatanfcowsU. Fra [hooking); Ste- 
Pham ArcangetenL, Fra (hookJnu). 

State ta goal— Slovak to Mfct3-J9. France 
7-184— C5. Ggatfes— atovakla. ANrosiav ML 
chetak (25 3hat»03 goals). France. MCM 
Vainera (29-23). 







The 4 b ociateJ Pros 

ULL£H.\MMER — Tbe US. 
bccke)' team earned a medai-round 
berth by beating Italy. 7-J, on 
Monday, the Americans’ first vic- 
tory of the Olympics. 

Looking for its first medal since 
1980. the United States (1-1-3) fin- 
ished fourth in Pool B preliminary 
round play and will meet Finland 
(S-Ok (he fop Pool A qualifier, in a 
Wednesday quarterfinal. 

The Americans led, 5-0. before 
the game was 15 minutes old, Peter 
Ferraro scoring twice, and were 
never threatened, 

Italy 0-4), made up mostly of 
Canadians and Americans of Ital- 
ian descent, could have made the 
medal round with a victory. 

David Drifino, a Boston-area na- 
tive whose grandfather was Italian, 
lasted only 8:58 in Italy's net and 
left trailing, 3-0, on goals by Peter 
Gavaglia, Ferraro and David Sacco. 
David Roberts and Ferraro then 
scored against backup goalie Bruno 
Campese before a goal by Italy’s 
Emilio Iovio made it 51 after one. 

U.S- goal tender Garth Snow was 
barely tested in his third Olympic 
stan. Brian Ralston added one goal 
in each of the second and third 
periods, tying him for the Olympic 
lead with seven goals. 

Canada 3, Sweden h Canada 
ruined Sweden's unbeaten Olympic 
hockey record as goaSe Corey 
Hirsch stopped 34 shots. 

Canada, the 1992 silver medalist, 
and Sweden, seeded second this 
year, ended the pr eliminar y round 
with 3-1-1 records and seven 
points. Canada will finish one spot 
ahead of the Swedes because of 
tiebreaking criteria. Slovakia ended 
at the top of the Pool B standings. 

Petr Nedved gpt tbe w inning 
goal at 10:56 of tbe second period 
on a quick, nine-meter (30-foot) 
shot from the slot Nedved, em- 
broiled in a season-long contract 
holdout with tbe Vancouver Ca- 
nucks of the National Hockey 
League, took Fabian Joseph's pass 
from the right boards, spun and 


C;- : v v. \ 

*"r "anaT*? ■. ? .. 

Ten tLauw. Tbe AivoMed freu 

Corey Hirsch coolArY block this goal, but be stopped 34 other shots in Canada’s defeat of Sweden. 

fired the puck over goalie Tommy 
Salo's glove. 

Sweden got at least four goals in 
each of its other four games and 
had outscored opponents. 21-10. 
But Hindi was solid and often 
spectacular, especially in the firs 
period, when Sweden held a 17-9 
shooting advantage. 

Slovakia 6, France 2: in Gjovik, 
Miroslav Satan scored three tunes 
in the first period, once shorthand- 
ed, to pace Slovakia. 

Slovakia finished 3-0-2 atop Pool 
B in the preliminary round, which 
means it win face the fourth-place 
finisher in Pod A, Russia, on 

Wednesday in the single-elimina- 
tion playoffs. 

France finished the first round 0- 
4-1 and last in Pool B. it will face 
Austria in the consolation playoffs 

Satan scored 5:25 into the game. 
Wiib Roman Kotusek off Tor trip- 
ping, Robert Peirovicky forced the 
French goalie Michel Valliere into 
a bad clearing pass attempt. Petro- 
vicky iniercepied tbe puck and 
passed cross rink to Satan, who 
easily beat Valliere. 

Satan, 19, also had a hand in tbe 
second goal, starting a four-man 

plav with a drop pass that finished 
with Peirovicky deflecting in a 
Robert Svehla wri&ier at 8:40. 

‘Satan added bis second goal at 
15:33 to give Slovakia a 3-0 lead 
and total control stuffing in a loose 
puck after Svehla's slapshot hit 
Valliere’s pads but defensemen 
Christophe Moyan failed to dear. 

A/ter Pierre Pousse briefly 
stopped the Slovakian onslaught 
with a goal at 17:29. Satan struck 
again 40 seconds later on a power 
play. Petrovjcky split two defend- 
ers with a pass that hit Satan at the 
blue line and be skated in and beat 
Valliere over the right shoulder. 


8 18 2J 4 
0 4 11 14 


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Freestyle Aerial Siam 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

Kevorkian's L,0Q1 Ways to an Ear- 
ly Grave. Suicide Method No. 374: 
Freestyle Aerial Skiing. 

I remember discovering this 
method while counseling a patient 
from Toledo. I was passing rime in 
front of the television, waiting lor 
the other shoe to drop, when I came 
across one of the most ingenious 
sporting evaus I’ve ever seen. I 
nave since recommended it to sev- 
eral of my more athletic patients, 
and although I can't vouch person- 
ally for its success, 1 can say that 
I've never heard from any of them 

This is how it works: You ski 
straight down a steep hill and 
launch yourself off an equally steep 
jump, winch leaves you spinning 
above the Earth like a satellite 
crashing into the atmosphere. 

area is steeper*^ ten the hifl^oti 
which you jumped. 

you’re a professional skier, gym- 
nast, skateboarder or diver. In 
those cases I suggest you skip for- 
ward to the next chapter. Here in 
Norway, where freestyle aerial ski- 
ing is making its debut as an Olym- 
pic sport, the professionals assure 
me that it’s a relatively safe sport 
for them. Myself, also being a pro- 
fessional, I'm going to take them at 
their word. For those watching the 
Olympics mi TV, an 1 can say is: 

come off the jump too fast, or 
“PullP if they aren't high enough 
and must rotate more quickly 1 
order to land on their skra. 

You won’t want coaching. 

After years of practice; the pro 1 
fessionals approach the jump at 
speeds of ot) lepra {40 mph) or 
more, which launches them into a 
series of flips and spins. On Mon- 
day, Kirstie Marshall of Australia 
led the 12 women who qualified for 
the final round. On Thursday, die 
win attempt to win the first winter 
Olympics medal ever for htu: coun- 
ty- . 

After winning with a pair of dou- 
ble flips, Mar shall a convinc- 

ing case for the safety of her sport. 
She suffered a knee injmy in. Au- 
gust 1992, she said, notirom t wriafa 
rail from moguls, a bumpier phase 
of the freestyle competition. She 
came back only last month, aod she 
said that landing on a steep hill 
reduced the shock on the knees. I 
was begummg to thinlr rd made a 
big mistake by coming here when I 

heard her say that she practiced 
mostly in water. 

“Ninety percent of the training is 
in water," she said. “You start off 
on the trampoline, then you move 
into water and then into mow. You 
don'ttry to learn anything on snow 
—you’re just trying toperfectit” 

I can’t tdl you howrelievedl wfci 
to hear iterated® down a steep 
plastic slide at the Australian Wa- 
ter Jump Park in Ltitywte,. Austra- 
lia. . . . 

It turns out that the Chinese, 
who are known for producing 
young Olympic champion, divers, 
also entered two teenagers in the 
qualifying round, including Ji 
Xiaoou, 13, the youngest athlete at 
the^e Games. Both landed their 
j ump s bra not wdl -enough, and 
rwather nf iKem q ualified ■ 

Don’t let memslceyoutimk that 
you’ll be able to leap out of the 
chute and land a double , flip on 
both skis. If youSne read this far, I 
know how disappointing -and 

ycra.BcKeve me* J .wouldn't be assen 
piating myself withthis if I wasn’t 
convinced that the Freestyle Aerial 
method ym the way to '8P- . 

- c Male readers wfif .be grated to 
hear dial the men were 

ibe ‘ North Americans ■■■*?•• ttirte 
Americans and. four.. Canadians 
qnalified among the.fitel 12 ; with 
rim recent tom dMap Ton; .*Tra- 
: fippeterocheof Canada, se eqaim 
the preliminaries to Alcxd^Farfen- 
kov of Bdaras- Two -of'the favor- 
ites, Austria’s .Christian Rjjtwec 
and France's Sebastian; Fcsocras, 
failed to make it' through .to, the 

' Even with all of tibar Training, 

■ the professionals . — hkoaH athl^es 
— still .risk accidents. lie best 
woman in rite world fins yea^Lraa. 
Tcherjazova of Uzbekistah, 
crashed in her first jump and had to 
absolutely nail what is caBed a toy- 
tudc-tucktnjfle-Dip —she looked 
Hifp. an axe spinning in the air— in 

•: order to earn a spot in the finalSj A 
Goman, Natalia Orekhova, pujfed 
out after a bad fall on her Jig 
jum p, and wfaeaTracy Evans i<» me 
"finited States ted the terrible for- 
1 f mig of faring the m ountain when 
she landed, wefl let me teU m «e 
of her bindings exploded like 

- shrapnel 

- They bod were able , to walk 
away from the course. As loig h 
job don’t foUbw their regrmoi J 
can guarantee better results for 


• / if you thfek youTe going to.bfc 
nervous looking down from the top 
.- of the mountain. Lean be there to 
give you that first posh. ■ 

. Jtail depends on bow you want 

- toberemesdiered, boil would sug- 
gest trying, to work it in at the end 
of a resort vacation. One recom- 
mendation I always nuke is to buy 
ski boots thatriL Sure, they cost 
extra, but you don’t want to be 
BW»mf(H , taifc : ' 

ins in 

Tiythis at home: 

Kirstie Marshall of Australia, above, led the 
freestyle aerial skiing, while JiDy Cony of Britain fi 

Ora WiknvAcONr Fnav-fteuc 

after the dkaination round in the women’s 
into a free sfide and oat of the competition. 

: first hill should be about 55 
meters (60 yards} long, at an angle 
of 23 degrees. During the qualify- 
ing rounds Monday, the Olympi- 
ans chose from six chutes, or 
laimrJwig pads, which rose up from 
the bottom of the hill like the tongs 
of a heavily-curved fork. For your 

stand aloagtide the 
jumping area, shouting directions 
at the skiers: “Stretch!" if they 

lUBnai Ktafcm/lfec AMOuri ftm 

Blair Misses 
U'S. Mark 

By George Vecsey 

New York Tinta Savior 

HAMAR—Emese Hunyady, an 
Austrian from an old Hungarian 
family, won the gold medal m the 
women's 1 ^00-meter spccd-skat- 
race Monday while Bonnie 
fell just .03 second short in a 
at attempt to tie the U.S. re- 
cord of six Winter Gaines medals. 

Hunyady was timed in 2 min- 
utes, 2.19 seconds, with Svetlana 
Fedotldna of Russia taring the di- 
ver, a half-second back in 2:02.69. 
The prerace favorite^ Gusda Nie- 
mann of Germany, was third in 

Her first gold medal was enough 
to make Hunyady, 27, cry on the 
podium and paform pirouettes on 
her victory lap. Born m Budapest, 
but now living in Vienna, she was a 
figure skater as a child, mostly to 
please her mother, also named 

T was training 45 minutes out- 
side of Budapest, and I did not like 
it," Hunyady recalled. “It was my 
mother's dream." 

But she remembered enough of 
her figure skating that when she 
took her victorylap with the gold 
medal around her neck, she per- 
formed some fine spins, mid the hip 
track announcer awarded hex a 6.0 
for artistic impression. Later, she 
said she tried to call her mother in 
Budapest .“but she is talking to one 
minion friends of hen on the tele- 

Hunyady said that she kftHun- 


Emese Hmiyady waring the flagfraAnstria after she won 1 

gary in 1985 to follow a coach to 
Vienna and ofta returned home, 
bat that she now works in a bank in 
Vienna and is proud to become 
Austria’s first . gold medalist .in 
speed skating. 

Niemamvihe 27-yeaf<M wbo 
:spedaltoittihfcRH® crons, at- 
tered withi thebesi previous time at 
1,500 meters, Bi£fsM^hter9ter- r 
ly two seamda-oitJietib^ti^ 
geared tentative indie iuzns and 

“Inside I am Hun ga ri a n , ” she wobbled d^i^ 6n«i ( m : ffie 
said. “But this is a job. Now I am turn in wiw^ ahe mmled dht qf- 
Austrian. In pride, I am Hungarian, control in TJmraai/kijooa; 

You can sayl am international" - — *-f- w*-**.*^* • --•> 

Hunyady said she had not made In' tteimstamiaf 

much money after a bronze modal 
in Albertville but hoped more 
would come from Monday’s vic- 
tory. “It must be,” she said. “My 
phone number is .” and rife fin- 
ished, with a comedian's poised si- 

best skaters go emity, from Ac old 
days of onu^eAetitioi^when 
yon new Jmew^ctiKsa storr or 
a hard wincT womjT kick nL^tfou 
lew essential at nn-indoerturena 
tike foe Vatihg. Ship jM&hBttfae 
custom, is gpoeraltyobterved. So. 

Kerrigan Wins First Battle Office, 

By Christine Brennan 

H'osJungton Past Service 

HAMAR — The women’s figure skating com- 
petition at the Winter Olympic Games doesn't 
start until Wednesday, but the battle between 
Nancy Kerrigan. Tonya Harding and (he others 
actually began Monday when the skaters drew for 
their starting positions in the technical program. 

Kerrigan, the 1992 Olympic bronze medalist 
who placed a disappointing fifth in the world 
championships last year, drew the 26th position 
out of 27 skaters, a fortunate spot for her because 
judges usuaUy reserve thrir higher marks for those 
who skate late. 

Harding, who ted to be in the top half of the 
draw because she didn’t attend the world champi- 
onships, will skate tigbih, well before any of the 
other top skaters, with the exception of returning 
legend Katarina Witt, who will skate fourth and is 
not favored to win a medal. 

If Harding and Kerrigan skated exactly the 
same, Kerrigan would be likely to get higher 
marks, because the judges would have left room 
for her, as well as other top contenders such as 
France’s Surya Bonaly (17th), China's Lu Chen 
(22d), Ukraine’s Oksana Baiul (24th) and Japan's 
Yuka Sato (25th). 

It has been two yeara since judges have seen 
Harding internationally, which can be detrimental 
in a sport where a long itsumi can count as much 
as a strong performance. 

“Her chances are slim to none to win," said 
Debi Thomas, die 1988 Olympic braize medalist 
from the United States. “There are going to be 
great skaters at the Olympics. The judges don’t 
know her." 

But the judges do know Harding now, and not 
just for her on-ice performance. Which is not 

“It would be bard to separate the external acts 
from thejudges's minds," said Olga Zakova. And 
Vera Spurna called it “a disgrace for the sport." 

As for Kerrigan, she has not been perfect on the 
practice ice — although she ran through an im- 
pressive. seemingly effortless long program Mon- 
day — but she has been a model of decorum and 
stability off iL 

“Nancy’s never done great at this level," Thom- 
as said. “She's a good skater, a well-rounded 
sLuer, and if we could ever get her to stand up” — 
that is, not fall — “she'd be hard to beat" 

It's sometimes forgotten, but Kerrigan is a very- 
strong athlete who performs six triple jumps in all, 
including a triple toe- triple toe combination, in the 

free skate, just as Bonaly, Chen and Harding do. 

“I don't think it will be that dose,” said Evy 
Scorvold, Kerrigan's coach. “Nancy has beaten 
everybody in the world except Baiul whom she 
hasn't skated against end Baiul is not skating 
wdL The way to rate it is if they all skated perfect 
Nancy's got the program to beat everyone else." 

Even Thomas, who has doubts because of Ker- 
rigan's past history, believes Kerrigan could win. 

“If Nancy just nails it which she’s never drate 
before, I think she has a good shot," Thomas said. 
“The judges will be watching her very dosdy 
because of all that has happened, and that could 
help her." 

Depending on who you talk to, Baiul Bonaly 
and Chen also are strong gold-medal contenders. 

A year agonal age 15, Baiul came out of the blue 
to win at I 


iupo< uui a ui m tuug oo «juv wo wwu vu uiv 

id stage, Baiul has not been able to put togelfa- 
successful combination jump in her tree skate. 
With the others doing triple- triples, that could 
doom her. And some wonder if she has ted 
trouble adjusting to life as a world champion and 
gold -medal favorite. 

Bonaly, 20. is the four-time European champion 
who finished second at the worlds last year. Sue is 

evoy bit the wildcard at this event that Harding is 
— mxt with better credentials and more interna- 
tional experience. 

At the 1992 Olympics, Scotvold said Bonaly 
“couldn't skate.” It was a harsh assessment, but 
the judges apparently agreed, dropping her to 

Bonaly, who was a gymnast as a child, not a 
skater, bias gotten better, but Scotvold still main- 
tains she isn’t the stylist Kerrigan or some of the 
otheis are. 

“If she's better than rite was in 1992, she’s 
marginally better" Scotvold said. “She has the 
inherent weakness of a skater who started late. She 
has great athletic ability, but it’s just not natural 
cm the ice, it doesn’t flow as much. . . 

“If she wins, she’s not going to win with artistry, 
she’s going to win with athleticism." 

But, sard Thomas: “1 don't think Sum’s as 
gosh-awful as people make her out to be.” 

Own. 17, has been third at the last two worid 
championships after a sixth-place finish in Albert- 
ville. She is a steady, artistic skater who always is 
somewhere near the medal stand. If the others fall 
she could be there to pick up the pieces. 

Then there's Witt, nearly 29, who came back to 
the Games to perform a tribute to the people of 

war-tom Sarajevo, where she won^ Itie firm of her 
two gold medals 10 yeara ago. . 

“I know I don't have any medal dunces,” she 
said; “Deep down, I just want to skate wdl” . 

But whore Witt links, anything is possible. A 
tremendous competitor, Ae has nothing to lose 
here. She admitted die other day rite “ftirted”.her 
way through her ‘X^nmm”Itegprogi^t& : 1988, 
beating a. ntistakoraxmc-Thosnaa along die way, ' 
and has watched Kerrigan’s and Hardmg’s prac- 
tices with great interest 
Her problem is women’s' figure doting has 
taken on athletically since afac stqpged competing, 
doesn’t have the triptejunii» the others 

and she 

have. She can do only four, while' the -others 
perform six.- 

' “She’s a substantial cut below the top people,” 
Scotvold said. • 

But her technical program — wherexeiaictions. 
are placed on tte skates as to wtet they cm and 
cannot do^ -ris not as far behind the otters, and if 
she skates well Wednesday, she could be within 
striking range fra a medal if the others falter. ~ r ' 
As forWitt, Thomas said, “StetesasnoWbairs 
chance of winning. Except fra this one tiring. She 
often has been able to benefit from otter people's 
mistakes. Believe me, Iknow." 

Pm) Vndo/Apxt Pi ‘ mw JN u »b - 

.you do not want to be caught in a 
traffic jam for this sporL 
. - The fans, arrived early for Jhfi 
vdafly parade of the first-nriHenni- 
. mu Norso outdoor costumes, .the 
20th-century Norse tirerakaders iq 
Infrft fa om e sweatearand jeans, per- 
forarirtg ar very modem wave, and 
tins bandjpcrformmg Norse court 
fty'firifiSc.; phesotesoohded like 
Tuae Carter CasK Nordstrom sing- 
the poennial Norse fayorite, 

j ^^ah;nt4ie £teemteson.7wasiii 
third pte* with a tone, erf Z*03.44 
and 14 draters sfillto ga Fedotirina 

nunrn .ln tiwr t ^ nS - Blair 
out of ft reedaL Blair ted never 
doitebetter than 2^13.92 before this 
race. ; 

. Blair, wtio^ : .vriE turn 30 next 
lqontk. Jtea said that these mil be 
htflain’CKhn^acS, but she wffl get 
<ne more chance to -become the 
leader in medals among U.S. Win- 
ter Garms athletes. She prtfers the 
500 metesrs, which she won on Sat- - 
unlay, and tire 1,000, but elected to . 
enter the 1.500 anyway, two days 
befrae the IjOOO, mien she will of 
again for her fifth gold and sixth 
medal overall 

“I knew it was an outside 
chance,” Blair said afterward. !Tm 
in the 

■ lap, but that’s a given. If any- 
thing, tins will bdp me in the 
1 , 000 ”.. 

If she wins thegbid medal as the 
favorite on . Wrauesday^ Blair 
would not (miy eqoal Eric Heiden’s'. 
U-S. winter rreord of five golds, bat 
she would also become the leading 
American female gold ' medalist, 
winter or 'summer, ahead of the 
swimmer Janet Evans, the sprinter 
Aahfrad and the (fiver Pat" 


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K- '• ’>1 i 

' **» i 

_ ■\l i ’ 

m / out several generatwms of Olympic 
champions may hare to dost 
“It’s a tragedy because the old 
Wystan ishreakmg down and Acre is 
nothing to replace it," Sch said. 
“We need foods from the.prirate 
rector, but we cannot survive ■wxtb- 

■ out stale money. It's not a question 

^ of communi s m Venus capitalism, 

because many Western governments 
**. pay subsidies to support sports pro- 

'* gmnstihatwBhriiig.medals.^ 

■ The Russian sports ac adem ies 

*-■ each accept 300 to 500 .of .the finest 

potential Olympians for special- 
ized training 

- fMdw in caiter at different ages 
depending on when they aped to 
teach their peak in a spe^ Sich said. 
Swimmers and gymnasts begin as 
> early as 9 years dd, whdeskiersand 

skaters may start at 15 or 16. 

’ There, they are placed oil a spar- 
tan training routine and fed the 
best food available; Bnt with funds 
d windling, conditioos arerapidly 
deteriorating. The best coaches are 
fleeing to the West for more lucra- 
tive salaries. . • 

“Coaches are paid 1 only $90 to 
5100 a month so it a natural for 
. them to look for better anportrmi- 
yV* ties mlheWest,” Sich said. Tint we 
*'• need to find a way to keep them at 
. f horned we do, we wifi continue to 
v produce good. Olympic teams be- 
; J ‘ cause young people still aspire to 
the soda! status 'enjoyed by good 
athletes.” ‘ . 

Keeping the best athjetesat home 
is also a problem, especially in hodc- 
..- ey. Forty-eigta Russian players ace 
now in theNatirmal Hockey League 
and the steady hemorrhage of latent ■ 
has undermined the national team. 
Nineteen of the 22 R u ss ians who 
played on the 1993 Olympic team of . 
die f braer Soviet Umon signed pro 

contracts. This yeartsqnafl is sou a 
medal tavodte, but it is madeup 
almost exclusively of ycamgroones. 

“Businessmen from North ' 
America come over with money-: 
stuffed in thtir pockets and bribe 
them all," Stch said. “We are going 
to meet with the NHL and insist 

•; By William Dn^iiak 

••• . f >. ^ WoMnffem Post Service ■ 

'* 1 '^ L1LLEHAMMER -— The days 

.. >,. x Of lavish subsidies, free cars and 

plush qunmeoti paid by the 
mighty Soviet dibits machine may 
’ be over, bnt Rimfey - athletes , are 
'■■■ proving at these'Wmter Gaines 

. that adversity can breed success. , 

■■ Even though funds areso short 

. v. . that the bobsled team had to rent 
“* its dates and the skiers could not 
\ V n n afford high-altitude naming, Rus- 

r ’^Sii aahas m a nage d to sustain te.tmfr 

^ tion as. an Olympic powerhouse. 
/■ _• 1^ ;, More than halfway through the 

" ^ Games, the Russians stand at |he 

- top of the medals table with 16, 

-.In: indudinff eight goWs. • 

“ ‘ -rZ/ ) M ubov Egorova, a 27-year-old 
student from Sti Petentoma, won 
her third gold medal of the Games 
^ and the sixth of her career Monday 
-. by leading Rusda’s 4x5-kDam«er 

crosscountry^ ski team to victory 
over Norway. Egorova tied, an 
aj-t : . CHympKTecordfcrthenxjstgcMs 

'*i«5 ever by a female athlete and could : 

,r; -« ^ equal the record for total career 

■±-J ~ ’*}> medals when she competes in the 
30-kilometer race Thursday. . 

- ~ Egorova's remarkable showing 

i - -; 5- has overshadowed other dazzling 

.-V performances byRnssianaihletes. 

■ .*■* Alexei Urmanov woe tl» men’s fig- 

ure-siating conqretitioa and up- 
staged the previous gold medahsts 
Victor Petrenko of Ukraine and.. 
Brian Bohano of thaUnhed States. 
In the pairs, Ekaterina Gordeeva 
and Serjgei Grinkov captured gold 
. and justified char reputation as the 

' 45 most majestic couple on icei. 

- In speed skating, AlacanderGt^ 

' Inbev displaced the U,S». favorite, ^ 

‘J; the 500-Tnetcrrac^ as dfdS^lana 

'* Bazhanova in the 3,000-meter 

• r.~ % event for women. And in. the biaih- 

IT km, Seigei Tarasov shot and dried 
... .'.I' his way to a gold medal in the 20- 
. y/J kflometer evenL 

Valentin Sich, die head of Rus- 
sia’s Sports Federation, bdieves 
4 - . L-y* the country’s athletes are raddng 
1 ■ ' up Olympic medals because they 
• .. - are bimgner and more determined 

, than ever before. 

" ■ Take a French athlete who is 

weB-dressed and weE-fed and. put 
: jl-zz him next to a Russian who is bally 
^ dressed and eats nothing but bad 
-vjrr- foocLTben place Sl,000at4he fiDr 
ish hoc and you can guess^who wilf 
- gp. there first,” Sich said. . . . 
x But, he wuined,.Bmsri&’s : large 
T medal harvest may turn out lb be 
V- its last Unless more funds from 
. ; i». state and mivate benefactors are 
soon found, nuiny^ : bf fine 24 elite’ 

to support the entire, oTtibe 
former Soviet Union. 

. Russian athletes receive a 
.515,000 reward for each gold medal 
they, win, $7,500 for silver, and 
$5,000 for bronze. Brit they no 
longer get nmch help from the gov- 
. eminent and cannot bank on fat 
endorsement fees like top athletes 
iritheWest - 

• “People Bke Egorova deserve to 
he trcaled as national heroes,” Sich 
said. “After all, she's won ax gdd 
medals. • In other, .coantries, she 
would be a undtinriBionaim IPs a 
shame she stfU.has to strife to 
make ends meet” 

Egorova’s Medals 

Orta — MK, Ml *, nn. AtoofMA*. 

alwr — 5K.Fth.IZ mb. ABwnvlUt. 

Gotfl — »«KBof*uK.F«Lia.WZAa»rtvUkL 

sou - < jrsic rauy. FatL w, mt UtmnvUrn. 

SUwar - 36K, Pth. 2t iwz AiBtrtvlUt. 

SOW — UK. Fth. 13. UMtanmir. 

Com — 3K. fth. IS, LUMManmtr. 

GoU — UK Puraott..F«h. 17. UIMwrmwt. 

Gold — < x 5K nAir, Fefa. 3J, Otataiamtr. 

Top Gold Medalists 

a— Lyutwf Emm Unffitd Tooro-Rwjta. 
W«WS O M i Bwnr v ikhne. 

4— Lyifla SkoMkxMa Soviet Union, •otntn'i 
und UcaMna. 

S — Cm THunbtra. FWmtt fnant attd 
skat rn®. 

S — Eric Hti d tn . US. man's m e n d ateih a. 

Top Medal Winners 


I* (*MJ — Raisa Simmlna soviet untao- 
UnffieqTerm w n wrtmusceunTT vridlnc. 

9 (644) — Lweav Esanm. unttM Tsanv 

' Russia, woman's cross-country sUIng. 

9 (44-3) — SUM Jcroh e r v . Swadeo. man's 
e ra— un si t ry sklhw. 

S (6MI — GdlM KiMokowa Soviet Union, 
lw u nt irt c r w uaun t ry srHbbl - 

I (34-11— Karin Cqto-Krarti, East dnnam. 
woman's soeed skotino. 

Egorova Ties Record With 6th Gold 

Conpiledh; Our Staff From DapatAa 

LJLLEHAMMER — Lyubov Egorova, 
skiing the anchor leg Monday as the Rus- 
sian team won the women's cross-country 
20-kilometer relay race, also skied into the 
Olympics record bodes with her sixth gold 
medal, then HigniyeeH her achievement as 
simply another clay’s hard work. 

The relay gold was Egorova's third gold 
medal of these Games, and added to the 
three she won two years ago in Albertville, 
Fiance, they equaled the mark set by the 
1 960® Soviet speed skater, Lydia ScobHkcva. 

Egorova has wan a gold or sOver medal 
in every Olympic event she has entered. She 
is a quadruple medalist in I JBdanuner. 

Sot she displayed no sense of emotion 
over ha feat 

“I don’t run after records,” she said with 
a minimum of e xpr es si on. “I simply work. 

“Everybody talks about records, but I 
don’t care if I get the record or not. It does 
not make any difference to me.” 

Norway held a 1-second lead over Russia 
going into the last leg, but Egorova quickly 

charged past Anita Moea rat an uphill run 
and steadily increased the lead. 

Skiing tKe last lap. rite raised her arms in 
triumph and acknowledged the roared 
cheers of the crowd of 31,000 at the Biric- 
bdneren Ski Stadium. 

“Coming into the stadium was a fantas- 
tic experience;” she said. 

The Russian team was docked in 57 
minutes, 125 seconds. Norway took the 
sOver at 57:42.6. Italy, paced by a briQranr 
anchor performance by Stefarria Bel- 
mondo. won the bronze at 58:42.6. 

The first two legs were in the classical 
style and the last in the freestyle, or skating 

Elena Vadbe gave Russia an eight-sec- 
ond lead after the first leg. But Norway’s 
lager Helene Nybraaten overtook t*ri«a 
La z ut i na and gave Norway a 7.8-second 
lead going into the two freestyle legs. 

Nina Gavrfluk then passed Elin NQseo 
io regain the lead, bat the Norwegian 
charged back on an uphill and gave Moeo a 
second lead. 

Then came Egorova. 

“I tried to keep up when she passed me, 
but I knew 1 had no chance,” Moea said. 
The silver is like gold for us.” 

Italy was eighth after the first leg. but 
Manuda Di Centa, the 15-kilometer cham- 
pion, pulled her ream up to fourth, then 
Belmondo surged past Finland's Marjui 
Robg for (he bronze. Finland settled lor 
fourth, Switzerland edged Sweden for fifth. 

With the bronze, Di Centa also became a 
quadruple medaEsz. She beat Egorova in the 
15-kfiometer and finished behind her in the 
5-ldJomtfer classical and die 10-K pursuit. 

Egorova’s nine-medal streak in nine 
races is unmatched in Winter Olympic 
cross-country skiing. In (he last 14 major 
races — Olympics and world champion- 
ships — she has not been on the podium 
only once. Thai setback came last year in 
the world championships, when she placed 
15th in the 15-K classical. 

Egorova wiB skim the 30- kilometer clas- 
sical Thursday. If sbe wins a medal in that 
race, she wOl be tied with cross-country 

skier Raisa Smetanma for most medals in 
Winter Olympic history. Sroetanina, who 
began competing for the Soviet Union, won 
her 10th medal when she skied for the 
Unified Team’s relay sound two years aga 

Egorovasaid “it will be very hard from a 
psychological point of view” to win a medal 
in 'the 30- kilometer race. 

• A Canaddian television report that the 
gold medal in the women's 15-kilonieter 
biathlon went to the wrong person because 
targets malfunctioned was not true, coach- 
es, competitors and officials said Monday. 

Ken Karpoff, a Canadian television ana- 
lyst, stud Sunday that targets did not regis- 
ter hits at least four times during the race 
on Friday, costing Belarus’s Svetlana Para- 
mygroa a gold medal. She finished fourth. 

Video wordings proved that‘*eveiyihing 
was conducted cdnrectly,'’ said Peter Bayer, 
secretary-general of the International Bi- 
athlon Umon. He said judges’ visual checks 
backed this up. 

(A?, Reuters) 

Wiberg Slaloms 
To Gold Medal 
In Combined 

:l's '•-1-/V- 

-W- v A'-W. • * i . .. "* 

PcssiBaW%ag,spee^^throB^&ntdaloniiMrtof the combteed, gave Sweden its frst medal of the Games - 

ftnlPr«t/Apn Fnac^fnsr 

a gold — by edging out Vrrari Sdmdder of Switzerland. 

By Angus Phillips 

Waihirtgton Post Sernre 

ski powers retook control of Alpine 
skiing at the Winter Olympics cm 
Monday, as a Swede, a Swiss and a 
Slovenian won the three women's 
combined medals under the eyes of 

The slalom specialist Pemilla 
Wiberg roared down the sunny 
mountain last to overtake Vreni 
Schneider of Switzerland for the 

It was the first medal of any kind 
m these topsy-rarvy Games for 
Sweden, a perennial winter power, 
and Schneider’s silver was the first 
Alpine medal for the Swiss, always 
a ski power. 

This was the first medal ever for 
Slovenia, the tiny state of 2 mil ion 
carved out of the Dolomites in the 
former Yugoslavia. That bench- 
mark set off a wild celebration near 
the finish as Alenka Dovzan’s swift 
final run put her three-hundredths 
of a second ahead of Morena Galli- 
zio of Italy for the bronze. 

Dovzan’s coaches and country- 
men hoisted her onto their shoul- 
ders and sang songs from the 
homeland, after which she and 

this problem. . ■ 

Sich did he was trying to con- 
vince the Rnsaan government to. 
give talented athletes bee land or 
apartments as incentive for them to 
stay in their homeland rather than 
fleang to make more money in the 
WesL A strong appeal is being made' 

dire Russian teams. 

Reebok, the second biggest 
sporting goods firm in the united 
States, is serving as the official . 

S ' of the Russian Olympic - 
ttoe and paying a large 
chunk of the $2. million that was 
necessary lobring Russia's athletes ‘ 
to the Games. Sich would not spec- : 
ify the amount involved, but he 
said it was 'more than 'the. money 

. • «r • • 

A Dream 
Comes True, 
But on Skis 

By Christopher Clarey 

New York, Times Service 

Egorova grew up in SHieria, and 
wbaishe thenghi she wanted most 
had little to with the rugged land 
that surrounded her. Egorova 
wanted tabe. a . ballerina, to strap 
on toe shoes at the Kirov, dazzle ah 
of . Leningrad and bear its warm ' 
applause. . 

- She would never get herfiratand 
deafest wish. Instead of toe shoes 
and pefished^ '.stages, she would 
make her Irving on narrow das and 
snowy trades. Instead, of artistry, 
rim would rdy on endurance and 

All that remains of her childhood 
dream are the cheers. She heard 
than two years ago in Les Saxs'es, 
France, when she won three .golds 
and two ' silvers in cross-coon try 
skiing at the 1992 Winter Olym- 
pics. She is hearing them again in 
Tiltetgmm er,' where she has mam- 
tained her. status as .the most domi- 
nant female athlete in winter spot. 

Egorova was bom in die Siberian . 
city of Tomsk in 1966 arid began 
sknng at age 9. She quickly rose to 
prominence in her region but the. 
Soviet Umon bad no shortage of. 
worid-dass riders,' and. Egorova. ■ 
was riot considered an bar appar- 
ent. In 1987, riie Ixoke her right 
cdlaibcme and, ^though she re- 
turned to ccanprtition the follow- 
ing season, she failed to qualify far • 
' the 1988 Olympic team.- • 

Initially crushed, riie ultimately 
moved from Tomsk to what was 
lihea caflied Leningrad to capitalize 
_m_better training opportunities. 
She socm marikd a sailbr is the 

inerriumt marine named Igor Sy- 
sqyev and be^ari^ ba inexorable 
■ risa 

“My husband helped, me a lot 
that time," riie arid. ' 

: : Sixth overall jn the 1990 World 
Gap, dm won her first m^octitleat 
the 3991 -worid'^aiariq no priqps in 
the 3Walomeier freestyle'. One 
year later, riie was the surprise star . 
of the Urified'T^-the'flpfBiii^' 
warily titled couriomeratiorrof for- 
iuer Soviet republics that competed 
tnidef the CHympic 'flag and re- 
ceived its medals to the lovdy yet 
hoDow strains of: ^the CHyriqnc An- 
them. ■ ■ - * ■ 

Egorova, who.wra the first gold 
roedalin Albertvill^was the- first 

rater it- - 

“It was kmd of eabamssmg, 
s fie aid. “My heart frit notinng? _ * 
• Skiing for Russia-rearesents-pro- 
grtss butriot rieccsainy the iueoL 

‘Tt’s stiU not the same as compet- 
ing for the old Soviet Union," she ; 
said/TT»«xaianent standing at. 

Win Dance Title; 
Torvill-Dean 3d 

Mi) UnpdOB/RoilcD 

on Anita Moeo in the last lap of the 20-kflotneter rday. 

the starting fine was even greater 
then.” - • 

■ life was leas con^Bcated then. 
as-wdL When Egorova was devri- 
ojnrig her ritiBs, top-tevd athletes 
were guaranteed a comfortable ex- 
istence. Now, the free market is the 
Cnly gnarantor. Training costs have 
risen, and though the Russian 
women’s team is sponsored by a 
Norwegian brewery. Egorova com- 
plains, There is never enough 

“We have very big problems,” 
she said. "I don’t need money hoe 
id LiOdumriDer, biit at home I need 
it. very much.” 

She needs it jnainly because die 
and .Igor, -who has left behind the 
merchant marine, and become a 
new-age Rttsaan-e atr cpreneur, are 
building a house m the suburbs of 
SLFetosburg to replace the three- 
room apartment given to her by the 

rity government after her Affiert- 
viDe success. 

Egorova, who is studying to be a 
teacher, stiH draws a snail salary 
from the Central Amy Club in St. 
Petersburg. The Russian Olympic 
Committee has guaranteed her the 
equivalent of 515,000 for each gold 
and S7,000 for .each aher. wbicb 
means she has already earned -an' 
.extra 552,000 in Norway. 

Nonetheless, she was never ex- 
pecting the question that came her 
way after she woo her second gold 
last week in the pursuit. Johann 
Ctev Ross, the Norwegian speed 
skater, already had announced that 
he would donate his boons of 
530^100 to the charity group Olym- 
pic Aid. Someone wanted to know 
if Egorova would do the same. 

“I never considered it, but may- 
be I will also give sane money,” 
die said, keeping her eyes on the 

Later, she spoke the truth. “Such 
a thing can only be (tone by people 
who are wry rich themselves,” she 
told Russian reporters. “But that’s 
oman answer. 

Is truth, Egorova would rather 
not have to give answers. A self- 
confessed introvert, she is happiest 
in a small group of friends, eating 

her favorite Siberian meat pie, or 

readme anything from The Broth- 

reading anything from ine isroin- 
ers Karamazov” to Sidney Sheldon 
in translation. 

“I am as interested in you as you 
are in roe,’ 1 sbe said. 

What interests Igor is having a 
famil y And as Egorova stood on 
the podium Monday at Birkebcm- 
eren Ski Stadium, it was not lost on 

her that sbe was the only one of her 
teammates without a child. 

“Until Albertville, he didn’t say 
a single word,” sbe aid in a recent 
interview with the Russian paper 
Sport Express. “But now, even I 
understand bow hard it is for him 
to wail for me all the time.” 

As of Monday, sbe had yet to call 
Igor since sbe arrived in Lilleham- 
mer two weeks ago. 

T know voy wri) that as soon as 
I hear his voice, 1 wiH be upset by 
the fact that I can’t throw every- 
thing aside and go home straight- 
away,” she said. 

She will return home very soon, 
probably with five new medals and 
a piece of at least two Olympic 
records. But h is doubtfnl that any 
of that will give her as much plea- 
sure as the one night this summer 
when Igor finally found a way to 
give her a piece of her childhood 

He had bought two tickets to the 
ballet. And for three tens, Egor- 
ova, the best women's cross-coun- 
try skier in die world, sal in near 
darkness and forgot all about the 
long hours and the cold and the 

“It was," riie said, “absolutely 

The Associated Press 

HAMAR — Oksana Gritschuk 
and Evgeni Pktov of Russia skated 
to ibe oldies and won the Olympic 
ice dancing competition Monday 
night, edging two teammates and 
the legendary Torvill and Dean. 

Mala Usova and Alexander Zhu- 
lin took the silver medal, while 
Britain’s Jayne Torvill and Christo- 
pher Dean, who returned to the 
Olympics in hopes of duplicating 
their 1 984 gold medaL had to settle 
for the bronze. 

Dancing to 1950s rode V roll, 
including “Rock Around the 
Clock," Gritschuk and Platov 
didn’t thrill the audience as much 
as Torvill and Dean’s trick-filled 
ballroom tfanring number. 

But the judges didn’t agree with 
the spectators, and five erf them put 
the Russians first Only the British 
judge put T&D in first place. 

Usova and Zhulin, the 1993 
world champions, danced to Italian 
music and got first-place votes 
from three judges. 

Costing into the free dance, 
worth 50 percent of the score, Tor- 
vill and Dean were tied with Usova 
and Zhulin for first place: Right 
behind were Gritschuk and Platov. 

“It’s been a challenge,” said 
Dean. “It feds good being 10 years 
away and still being competitive 
with the best of the wortd. rf 

The couple that entranced tbdr 
Sarajevo audience with the pas- 
sionate “Bolero" and drew a row of 
perfect 6.0s for artistry dedded to 
day it straightcr a decade later. 
Skating to aa Irving Berlin compo- 
sition. Torvill and Dean evoked the 
spirits of Fred Astaire and Ginger 
Rogers with a ballroom dance on 

There's do real story behind it,” 
Torvill said. “It’s a theme erf social 
dancing and enjoying social danc- 

The couple changed about 80 
percent of the dance after they 
competed in the European champi- 
onship last month, there, Torvill 
and Dean won the overaD title, but 
their free dance was good enough 
only for second place, behind 
Gritschuk arnl Platov. 

For investment information 

every Saturday in the IHT 

At the January competition at 
Copenhagen, Torvill and Dean 
were tied with Usova and Zhulin 
going into the free skate. The Rus- 
sian couple, performing a youthful 
folk music program, skated after 
the British pair and were ranked 
first by five of nine judges. 

Gritschuk and Platov went on to 
win the free dance, but enough 
judges stOl had Torvfll and Dean 
ranked first to give the British cou- 
ple the championship. Usova-Zhu- 
lin were pushed down to third. 

In (he original dance Sunday 
night, Torvill and Dean performed 
a sexy rtrnmba filled with quick 
steps and flowing spins. But best of 
all, they rekindled memories of Sa- 
rajevo, when they received two per- 
fect 6.0 marks for presentation, 
from Britain and Ukraine. 

Dressed in black costumes with 
green sequins that sparkled 
brighter with every move, they 
showed off their smooth strokes 
and near-perfect synchronization 
in tbar two-minute routine to The 
History of Love.” They looked like 
mirror images sliding into smooth 
hinges and finished to roars from 
the crowd. 

“It went seamless today,” Torvill 
said. “We wanted to skate well be- 
cause this was the chance we had to 
put ourselves up” in the standings 

Americans Elizabeth Puosalan 
and Jerod Swallow. 14th after com- 
pulsone s. skated better in the origi- 
nal dance but didn't move op. 
When they finished, American, 
Norwegian and Swedish flags — 
plus a Cleveland Browns banner — 
waved in the crowd. 

Puosalan suffered personal trag- 
edy three weeks ago when her fa- 
ther was slabbed to death. Her 
brother was arrested and charged 
with the crime. 

The crowd enjoyed their perfor- 
mance and hated their marks, 
which ranged from 4.4 to 5.1. 

The marks could have been 
more imaginative,” Swallow said. 
This is our first year bade at the 
work) level and we have to reestab- 
lish ourselves." 

Schneider raced out to hug Wiberg 
when the Swede completed her 
flawless schnss down the sun- 
washed slope. 

Not surprisingly, all the trophies 
went to slalom specialists. The 
combined is supposed to test over- 
all skiing skill with a downhill ran 
followed by two slalom runs. But it 
was strongly criticized here for the 
new scoring system that strongly 
favors slalomists over downhillers. 

Katja Seizinger, the German 
speedster who won the women’s 
downhill cat Saturday and the 
downhill portion of the combined 
Sunday, pushed so hard to hang in 
against slalomists Monday »h.n she 
missed a gate on her first ran and 
was disqualified. 

Seizinger derided the scoring sys- 
tem, which adds up total time for 
the three runs, giving slalom doable 
the inpat of downhill in the final 
equation. “1 cannot change it” she 
said as she strode off. “1 can only 
say that as you see by the result, 
there are no downMJ skiers left 
among the leaders.” 

The top U.S. prospect and down- 
inO silver medalist, Rea bo Street, 
stayed upright through her two 
runs but slipped farther back in the 
pack with each. She was second in 
the downhill portion Sunday, sixth 
after one slalom Monday and 10th 
after tile next. Street won stiver in 
last year’s world championships 
under the previous scoring system, 
and would “definitely” have had a 
medal Monday under the old scor- 
ing, she said. 

Howard Peterson, head of U.S. 
Ski Team, said changes were in 
onter to make the combined fairer 
for both downhill and slalom ski- 

The U.S. women's coach, Paul 
Major, reckoned that the event 
should be on one day, with one run 
cadi of slalom and downhill and 
the combined time deciding the 
winner. Tbe two-day format leaves 
everyone hanging, said Major, par- 
ticularly in the men’s event, where 
the downhill portion was a week 
ago and the slalom runs don’t come 
till Friday. 

Tommy Mae. the US. gold and 
silver medalist, stands second in 
the men's combined, but Major 
said his 1 1-day wait between runs 
makes the event seem “more tike a 
root canal than a race.” 

Of course, the winners have no 
complaints, only the losers. Wi- 
berg, who won a silver medal in 
giant slalom at the 1992 Games at 
Albertville, said she likes the new 
scoring system just fine. 

Sbe said she had extra incentive 
to win Monday when sbe heard 
that King Carl XVI Gustaf and 
Queen Sflvie of Sweden were in 

“I thought. *O.JC, 1 have to show 
them tha t we can take mwtalc, 
too,* " riie said. “I like them very 
much. It’s a great king and queen 
we have." 

It was the first time in seven 
Alpine events that no American 
finished in the top three, bat the 
crowd raised a cheer anyway for 
the pluck of a U.S. longshou Moni- 
que Pelletier, who skidded out, 

missed a gate and fell on her first 

slalom run. 

Remaining her feeu Pelletier 
found harsdf three gates down tbe 
icy slope at Hafjdl. Most skiers 

would have packed it in, but she 
frantically duck-waddled back to 
where she'd fallen as coaches and 
spectators urged her an. It took 
such effort that when Pelletier fi- 
nally hit the finish 40 seconds later 
she was staggering. “My legs were 
gone.” she said. 

With a whopping 30 seconds to 
make up on the leaders, Pelletier 
had no shot at salvaging anything 
but her self-respect, but she said 
she'd made up her mind to go for 
broke in the Olympics and climb if 
sbe fell. 

“It was pretty much an eternity" 
said the 25-year-old of her hike 
“but all the coaches were cheering, 
and 1 said, 'Oh, God. I can’t stop 
now.’ ] thought, ‘How could I be so 
stupid?' 1 knew my medal chances 
were not big. But you have to try 
your hardest" 





A Classroom Blizzard 

Portrait of the Artist as an Old Mail 


W ASHINGTON— The trou- 
ble with a cold winter is that 

T V ble with a cold winter is that 
you don't know who to blame for iL 
Scientists say that it is the fault of 
the jet stream, which is coming in 
from Alaska instead of Hawaii. 
Bob Dole claims that the blame lies 
with President Clinton’s health 

Then the question arises, why 
didn't Willard Scott tell us what to 
expect? He kept 




kindergarten to college has been 
closed for more than half the win- 

closed for more than half the win- 
ter, and this might produce the 
most illiterate bunch of students 
since the blizzard of 1 889. 

“Blauvelt. I want to know why 
you wrote such a poor paper on 
dissecting a frog?" 

“I dicin' L go to school that week, 
sir. We had a snowstorm followed 
by sleet and rain that turned into 
ice and a wind-chill factor of minus 
30. 1 couldn't do anything but play 
the Grateful Dead for seven days.” 

“I understand. But why didn't 
you study after the storm was 

Out of Hie Mousetrap’ 

LONDON — Nancy Seabrooke, 
who may be the longest-serving un- 
derstudy in the his Lory of theater, is 
bowing out after 15 years of waiting 
to be a murder victim in the Agatha 
Christie thriller “The Mousetrap.” 
Before she retired, Seabrooke. 79, 
said: “It is a lovely company. It 
changes every year so you oo get to 
know them all very wdL” She has 
been understudy to 15 actresses and 
only appeared cm stage 72 times. 
“The Mousetrap" opened in Lon- 
don in November 1952 and has been 
performed more than 17.000 times. 


A lganra 










Cote Del Sol 




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accepting apple 
pies from grand- 
mothers in Du- 
buque, but he 
didn't -warn us 
about the bliz- 
zards until it was 
too late. Tben 
we had to dose 
down practically 
every school in 
the United Buctawakl 


Thai’s another thing I would like 
to bring up. The class of 1994 from 

“I was going to but, as you recall, 
a heavy band of moisture got mixed 
with an arctic blast from Canada 
and dumped 12 inches of white doo 
doo on the Northeast, which dosed 
National La Guardia and Kenne- 
dy airports. You just can't gei into 
the mood to dissect frogs in that 
kind of weather." 

“When were you planning to dis- 
sect the frog?” 

“As soon as CNN gave us the 
green light." 

“BlauvdL we can't lei winter in- 
terfere with the education of the 
country. Just because the school 
buses don't run doesn't mean our 
education stops. Do you realize 
what will happen to this country if 
the next generation does not know 
bow to dissect a frog?” 

“If it would slop snowing I 
would do it. It’s impossible to find 
a frog with all this slush around." 


“Blauvdt. it's not just a frog that 
Fm worried about. Half the na- 
tion’s basketball teams have been 
frozen inside Greyhound buses. 
You can't have an education in 
America without basketbalL" 

“What has that got to do with 

“I don't know, but America is 
falling behind the Russians be- 
cause they know how to live with 
snow and sleet and our children 

“I guess you're right, sir, but 
does that mean that m get an F in 
frog dissection?" 

“No, unfortunately, we can't 
flunk anybody in anything or all 
the classes will back up. These 
storms have been my costly to us. 
The only people who seem to have 
benefited from them are the kin- 
dergarten students who majored in 


By David Streitfeld 

Washington Pont Service 

A LBUQUERQUE, New Mexico — 
/\Onee every 30 years, Henry Roth 

sheds the anonymous life he craves so 
deeply and bursts upon the literary world. 
This tradition started in 1934 when he 

.. * 
'-*■ ■ * ' ■ ' 

S iblished “Call It Sleep,” an edgy tale of 
e in New York’s Jewish ghetto that was 

almost hallucinatory in its brilliance. Exact- 

ly three decades later, the book appeared 
for the first time in papertuck, getting a 
front-page welcome in The New York 
Times Book Review (for a paperback! for a 
reissue!). It soon sold more than a minion 
copies, permanently establishing itself a$ a 
masterpiece of American literature. 

This year, right on schedule. Roth is 
back He has completed a six-volume 
work, an autobiography with a light fic- 
rioual glaze that for ambition alone dwarfs 
just about anything coming out of any 

word processor. The first volume. “Mercy 

erf a Rude Stream: VoL 1, A Star Shines 
Over ML Morris Park," has just appeared 
to much praise and excitement, but Roth 
is proclaiming his usual disinteresL 

“It's really a pain,” he grumbles. “It 
doesn’t mean anything to me. I'm an old 
man, Fm looking at 88. My feeling is 
almost mercenary. I have to make enough 
dough to afford the requisite help." 

Don't believe him. A man who was a 
contemporary of Roth’s but has been dead 
for a half-century. F. Scott Fitzgerald, 
famously said there were no second acts in. 
American lives. The great writers, espe- 
cially, tended to do their best work early, 
declining into alcoholism, self-pity, self- 
parody or decrepitude . But Roth has 
beaten the odds and come full circle, and 
be knows iL The years of self-reproach, of 
misery and exile for Ms inability to create 
after “Call It Sleep,” are over. 

“I'm at peace," be says. “I’ve done what 
has been na g gin g the hell out of me for 50 
years. I began this project when I was 73. 1 
thought, ‘Brother, if you don't make it this 
time, just forget iL’ " 

He marfg iL just under the wire. He has 
rheumatoid arthritis, which has swollen 
Ms hands and made them clumsy. He's in a 
wheelchair. He has lost a toe. He checks 
into the hospital as often as most people 
visit the grocery store. Lined up on the 
kitchen table is a veritable drugstore. 

“Now the book's finished," he says in a 
voice that should be as broken as the body 
but is dol “And it’s finished me.” 

The stucco house, a former funeral par- 
lor, is surrounded by an unsightly cinder- 
block wall and a mesh gate. Off to the east 
are the glorious Sanriia Mountains. What- 
ever direction you look, it’s a long way 
from the immig rant New York so expertly 
charted in “Call It Sleep.” 

“Sir, do you believe that the ice 
and sleet will handicap us when we 

go out looking for a job?” 

“If I were you I wouldn't tdl 
anyone that you spent the entire 
winter semester in front of a blaz- 
ing fire. We have no idea how the 
students will turn out for having 
missed so many school days. Presi- 
dent Clinton better get on the ball 
and declare every holiday between 
now and the Fourth of July a 
school day, or Johnny is going to 
wind up a lot dumber than he is 

Roth’s correspondence, essays an d com- 
ments to intixviewers collected in the 1987 

trait of an artist unsuccessfully trying to - 

f Name of the Father * 
Win* Golden Bear 

to ’ wrrtc. more, he believes, wasn’t only , 
personal it . was generational. 

“If I had been ia a more stable sodety* 
Roth bebeves, “doe that hadn't changed so 
abmpdy,l could -havc gotten_-~, oh, like 
-Didtens. He could count on bis society, find . 
Ms .attitude toward that society, bora the- 
qwnft from hi* first novcl to tbelasLlmck’t 
- feel I could do thaL” to. other wtitds, it's 
hard- to’ write during an earthquake. - ^ 

In the nrid-’fiOs, the Roths moved to 
-Merida, where Hatty tried to writoanoyd ■ 
about a Jew who had escaped the Spanish ; 
Inquisition and snuggled bunsdr into 
Mexico along with tne craqiiutadares. 
The book fizzled, and they relocated ^ to a 
mobile home in Albuquerque. ■ • 

These were tortuous years. Roth credits 
W illiam Targ, one of th&legehdaiy editors . 
in modern publishing, with finally putting 
him cm lire right track in 1 979. Targ. recent- 
ly retired, had started Ms own press and , 
-wanted something by -tire npvefisL-. 

He and Taig corresponded, and became 
friends. “You have an identity crisis,” the . 
editor said. “You think you’re Janies - 

“I am!” responded- Roth. ' . 

Roth spent die '80s writing the i new 1 
series, wMch -takes the tide “Mercy of a - 
Rude Stream” from Shakcspearc. -The . 
stream is Hfe* and w hil e the playwright was 
bang caustic Roth wants ‘‘mercy’’ to be .. 
tp fc i m literally. He has survived. 

The epic foBows flic lif e of a man caHed : 
Ira StigmaiL who isn't exactly Roth but is 

Henry Roth: “Now the book’s finished; it’s finished 

jiretty close. The ^ffast volume trads fhc 

This is no heartwarming saga of a kindly 
mother, a wise dad and a plucky lad, ad 
scrambling up from the Lower East Side to 
a secure berth in Scarsdale. David Scheaii is 
instead a ter ro ri z ed cMld, threatened both 
at home and on the street by events and 
emotions Ire can scarcely comprehend. 

“Call It Sleep” was an amazing acMeve- 
menLparticularly for a writer still in Ms 
20s. The book sold an impressive 4,000 
copies when it was first published. Re- 
viewers were quick to pick, up on Roth's 
stylistic debts to James Joyce, and he 
didn't come off poorly. 

Still Roth was unable to manage a fol- 
low-up. The Depression was at its heighL 
and for a young Communist the only true 
fiction was socially committed. “I wasn’t 
ruined by the Communist Party," Roth 
says, “but it certainly helped.” 

A second book was pul under contract 

by the great Maxwdl Pe rkins , editor of 
Hemingway and Thomas Wolfe, but Roth 
foundered after writing an arid chunk of 
socialist reafism. 

His troubles were presaged in a Joycean 
passage at the end of “Call It Sleep." 
David, an a dare, inserts a metal dipper 
into the trolley trades. “A long burst of 
flame spurted from underground, growled 
as if the veil of earth were splitting/* David 
is stunned. 

“Was I symbolically portraying my own 
future?" Roth asks now. 

To make a living he became a machinist 
then moved with his wife, Murid, to 
Maine and took up waterfowl fanning. He 
stored Ms jottings in the duckling incuba- 
tor, which pleased his puckish sense erf 
humor — to incubate erne’s ideas in & 
genuine incubator! — bat only a few 
fledgling efforts got published. 

• hoy and Iris mrtemwl immig rant ramtly np ■ 

until the *2015 in dean, e&rieni piwe. 

. “When the critics get around to it, T . 
hope Fm safety stowed away,” says The 
author. “They’ll say it was aH a great 

A'great mystique? 

“A great mistake," Ire amends. This, like 
cuffing hims elf “Jewtysses,” is one of Ms . 
beloved ptms. " . 

Reviewers, however,' hayebeen general- - 
ly enthusiastic if not ecstatic! . . 

Roth is a fittie amazed that he has writ- 
ten so much. For along time he couldn’t 
start, and then he ooMdn’trstm. . 

“At a certain point,” he says, reached 
eqnflibrium-Ino longcrfdt that *Oh Jesus, - 
this should be rewritten’ or T should start 
all over again a different way,’ which was 
one .of tire cones ctfmycanlemporaaes. 
How many times did they do a couple of 
chapters and say they didn't Bice it and 
should start agam? You c 0 uld spend your . 
whole lifetime doing thaL And many did.”- 

*Tn the Name of the Father.' 1 a 
controversial film about Ireland’s fl 
Guildford Four, who were wrongly 
-convicted in 1975 for an IRA bomb- 
ing, was awarded tire Golden Bear 
Monday at the 44& annual Berlin 
film festival Tire film was directed 
by Jhn Sheridan and stats Dane) 
Day-Leiv&. Otto awards wait to 
Tom Hanks for best actor, for “PM1- 
-addpMa,” Crissy Rodk forTrest ac- 
tress m^TLadybini, Ladybird” and 
. Krzysztof Kieslowski of. Poland far 
bed director for 'the second film in 
Ms ‘Three trilogy. 

•• • D ; ; • • 

. : Tire public reunion of 'the Jackson 
dan was otic of dre stranger specta- 
cles in theatrical history. The first 
two bouts of tire show in Las Vegas 
'consisted of haff a dozen Michael 
videos mid Inc perfor- 
mances by shore of - the Jackson 
Five, Janet Jackson and other fan* 
ny members. Estranged sister La- 
Taya did not attend. Fans gave Mf- 
cfaadan ovation, then booed when 
EBzabeffa Taylor said be would not 
perform sola The audience paid up 
to W^OO per ticket Katherine Jack- 
son, the dan matriarch, was asked if 
her family was living tire American 
dream. “It’s been an American 
mghtmare m the tost six months,” 
she said.. . 

- .□ 

A Brazilian model who . was pho- 
tographed wearing only a T-shirt 
while standing next to President Ita- 
rnar Franco during tire Rio tie Janei- 
ro Carnival parade apologized for 
the scandal she unleashed bat said 
die stxH dre am ed of romance with 
tht presidenL In the jtatspaptr 0 
Globo, Lilian Ramos, 27 said: # 
a sweetie, a ^gentkanan, an 
mteresting person, fm Phased we 
started tins fiieodsh^. That is bow 
big love affairs are bom.” - 
■ - .Q 

Qiff Richard has announced 
plans to finance and star in a musi- 
cal based on BrontPs novel 
“Wuthcring Heights.” Richard, 53, 
who has made more than 100 Mt 
records since the 1960s, rad be was 

P rTT a. 1 1 FfTTV t. y r. ITTn I nT^T7l 

own money into tire shov and 
would take; the role erf Heathdiff. 



Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 




North America 

A alarm will spread snow 

from Chicago ttvough Domrt 
to Toro nl o Wednosday. 
Washington. D C., will have 
a ch#y rain while a mbduro 
of snow, ice and rain Is 
expected from Philadelphia 
lo Boston. Rain will move 
ashore In the Pacific North- 
west. The Plains will have 
dry. colder weather. 


Snow will fall el limes 
Wednesday from Ulle ham- 
mer io Copenhagen. Dry, 
colder weather Is expected 
Thursday and Friday. A slow 
moving storm wffl bring a 
sooMng rain to on area Imm 
Rome la Athens latar this 
weak. Lisbon and Madrid wB 
have pleasant weather late 
this week «nth some svn. 


Beijing through Soeul will 
have dry, chilly weaiher 
Wednesday. Tempera lures 
wffl moderate by the end of 
the week with plenty of sun- 
shine Tokyo will be windy 
and cold this week. Windy, 
cold weather over northwest- 
ern Japan, including the 
Sapporo area wW be accom- 
panied by heavy snow 








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Story' song 
8 200 milligrams 
tf Low island 
14 1968 sang ‘All 
— the 
18 River to the 
18 Fuss 
17 Seaver’s 
i» Robert Morse 

20 House cleaner, 
/n England 

21 ‘Absolutely* 

22 Legal 

24 Queen 

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28 Freight charge 
27 Half-wit 
at Better than a 
as Polynesian 

aa ‘Hall, Caesar!' 
M Netman 

Solution to Puzzle of Feb. 21 

*7 Sheepish, 

re Chip's edge 
re Battery part 

40 Anti - 

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41 Disfigure 

4a Get extra Ufa 

43 Portaged 
. 48 Patriotic uncle 
47 Rocket's cargo 
84 Earthy colors 
re Veneration . 

86 Hand-cream 
. 87 'Harper VaMey. 

North America 

Middle East 

Latin America 

Tote, Tomorrow 

High Lew W Hlrfi Low W 










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□aanuns aaaanna 
DQniaaaa amaaaaa 
□□□□□ nan anana 
□dob nasaa anna 
dqh annaana ana 
□HEBaaBE oanaa 
oumn aaoa 
qejuuu aaaaaaaa 
bed Qtaaanao □□□ 
□□□□ ataana □□□□ 
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anHaana □□aaaaa 
Qaaaaa □□□□□ 

re Decorative tree 
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83 Coeurd'— , 

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novekst Glasgow «o Descartes's 
saTVexecArfedge conclusion 

AEH' Access Numbers. . 
How to cafl around the workL 

1 . Using the chan below, [fad the country you are caOtng from. 

2. Dial the correspoiKSng AT!ST Access Number 

3. An AW English-speaking Openaar or voice prompt wffl ask for the pbo« number you wish tocall or connect rtu to "a 
Customer Service representative. 

To recent jtxir free wallet card of /QUaY Access Numbers, lost dial the access number of 
the country you’re in and ask for Customer Service. 



Australia 0014-881-011 



000-117 Liechtenste in' 

001-801-10 nnweae i te * 

Someone back home would also love to 
hear the sound of your voice. 



Sri Lanka 

Dial direct from Norway with AT&T. Just dial 800-190-11. 

After a day of cheering, shouting, oohing and ashing at the Olympic Winter 
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That's why we've made it so easy with AT&T. 

Anywhere in Norway, simply dial 800-190-1 i. In other countries, dial the access 
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Use your AT&T Calling Card or call collect. You'll ge: economical AT&T rates and 
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Of course, with AT&T vou also know vou’il ae: dear. . 

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430-430 Sweden* 

0080-102884) Swtaeriand* 

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1SW11 Bahtente 
8*10041 Bemudat ■ 










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